WorldWideScience

Sample records for tenants

  1. Downtown Tenants

    Data.gov (United States)

    Town of Chapel Hill, North Carolina — Downtown City Tenant Information: Includes tenant name, address, Business open date, close date, years in business, and independent vs. chain. Data provided by the...

  2. 24 CFR 5.634 - Tenant rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent. 5.634 Section 5.634...-Based Assistance Family Payment § 5.634 Tenant rent. (a) Section 8 programs. For Section 8 programs other than the Section 8 voucher program, tenant rent is total tenant payment minus any utility...

  3. 24 CFR 880.604 - Tenant rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent. 880.604 Section 880.604 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... rent. The eligible Family pays the Tenant Rent directly to the Owner. ...

  4. 7 CFR 3560.152 - Tenant eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Section 8 assistance or Low Income Housing Tax Credit... agencies. (3) The borrower agrees to continue with aggressive efforts to locate eligible tenants and retain...

  5. 24 CFR 983.353 - Tenant rent; payment to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant rent; payment to owner. 983... URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Payment to Owner § 983.353 Tenant rent; payment to owner. (a) PHA determination. (1) The tenant rent is the portion of the rent to owner paid by the family...

  6. 49 CFR 1542.113 - Airport tenant security programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT SECURITY Airport Security Program § 1542.113 Airport tenant security programs. (a) TSA may approve an airport tenant... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Airport tenant security programs. 1542.113 Section...

  7. 24 CFR 954.402 - Tenant and participant protections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... (a) Lease. The lease between a tenant and an owner of rental housing assisted with HOME funds must be for not less than one year, unless by mutual agreement between the tenant and the owner. (b... legal actions regardless of outcome. Agreement by the tenant to pay attorney's fees or other legal costs...

  8. 24 CFR 92.253 - Tenant and participant protections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HOME funds must be for not less than one year, unless by mutual agreement between the tenant and the... cost of legal actions regardless of outcome. Agreement by the tenant to pay attorney's fees or other... terminate the tenancy or refuse to renew the lease of a tenant of rental housing assisted with HOME funds...

  9. 7 CFR 3560.154 - Tenant selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.154 Tenant... documented in the housing project's management plan and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. (d... regardless of income. Such applicants, however, will be ranked among themselves by income level, giving...

  10. Proxy Service for Multi-tenant Database Access

    OpenAIRE

    Yaish, Haitham; Goyal, Madhu; Feuerlicht, George

    2013-01-01

    Part 1: Cross-Domain Conference and Workshop on Multidisciplinary Research and Practice for Information Systems (CD-ARES 2013); International audience; The database of multi-tenant Software as a Service (SaaS) applications has challenges in designing and developing a relational database for multi-tenant applications. In addition, combining relational tables and virtual relational tables to make them work together and act as one database for each single tenant is a hard and complex problem to ...

  11. 24 CFR 954.305 - Tenant-based rental assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the tenant-based rental assistance under this part. (i) Security deposits. (1) A grantee may use HOME..., except that the amount of HOME funds that may be provided for a security deposit may not exceed the equivalent of two month's rent for the unit. (3) Only the prospective tenant may apply for HOME security...

  12. 75 FR 8392 - Low Income Housing Tax Credit Tenant Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Low Income Housing Tax Credit Tenant Database AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information... Income Housing Tax Credit Tenant Database. Omb Approval Number: 2528-0165. Form Numbers: None...

  13. 24 CFR 5.312 - Notice to tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities General Requirements § 5.312 Notice to tenants. (a) During the development of pet rules as described in...) Tenants are permitted to own and keep common household pets in their dwelling units, in accordance with...

  14. Aligning business strategy of incubator center and tenants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasetyawan, Yudha; Agustiani, Elly; Jumayla, Sari

    2017-06-01

    Incubator center is developed to help a particular group of small business players to achieve the expected business growth. In this center, business players often called as tenants will get assistances in pertaining with space, professional network, marketing, investment or funding, and training to improve their business capability. There are three types of incubator center, namely universities that help their alumni or business people in their surrounded area, company that supports small business as the corporate social responsibility, and independent organizations that have specialties in the business development. Some might success in increasing the capacity of the tenants, while other can have difficulties to increase the simplest business capability, e.g., to define the production cost to measure the profit. This study was intended to propose a model to align the business strategy between incubator center and its tenants. The sales and profit growth are the main priorities for the tenants together with their business capability and sustainability. The proposed alignment model provides measurement tools that link the motivation of tenants for joining the incubation process with the mission of incubator center. The linkage covered the key performance indicators (KPI), steps to achieve the target and evaluation tools to improve the current handicaps. An experiment on 4 (four) diverse business fields of the tenants of an incubator center was performed to test the model. As a result, the increase of KPI of incubator center will simultaneously yield a higher value of the tenants' sales.

  15. 78 FR 45946 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Owner Certification With HUD's Tenant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... discrimination in conjunction with selection of tenants and unit assignments. The Department must specify tenant... and gender composition of subsidy program beneficiaries. This information is essential to maintain a...

  16. Multi-Tenant Isolation via Reconfigurable Networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aderholdt, Ferrol [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Caldwell, Blake A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hicks, Susan Elaine [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Koch, Scott M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Pelfrey, Daniel S. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Pogge, James R. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Scott, Stephen L. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Shipman, Galen M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sorrillo, Lawrence [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2014-12-01

    High performance computing environments are often used for a wide variety of workloads ranging from simulation, data transformation and analysis, and complex workflows to name just a few. These systems may process data at various security levels but in so doing are often enclaved at the highest security posture. This approach places significant restrictions on the users of the system even when processing data at a lower security level and exposes data at higher levels of confidentiality to a much broader population than otherwise necessary. The traditional approach of isolation, while effective in establishing security enclaves poses significant challenges for the use of shared infrastructure in HPC environments. This report details current state-of-the-art in reconfigurable network enclaving through Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) and their applicability to secure enclaves in HPC environments. SDN and NFV methods are based on a solid foundation of system wide virtualization. The purpose of which is very straight forward, the system administrator can deploy networks that are more amenable to customer needs, and at the same time achieve increased scalability making it easier to increase overall capacity as needed without negatively affecting functionality. The network administration of both the server system and the virtual sub-systems is simplified allowing control of the infrastructure through well-defined APIs (Application Programming Interface). While SDN and NFV technologies offer significant promise in meeting these goals, they also provide the ability to address a significant component of the multi-tenant challenge in HPC environments, namely resource isolation. Traditional HPC systems are built upon scalable high-performance networking technologies designed to meet specific application requirements. Dynamic isolation of resources within these environments has remained difficult to achieve. SDN and NFV methodology

  17. Trust as a determinant of entrepreneurs' preference to remain tenants in Turkish business incubators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aşcigil, Semra F; Magner, Nace R; Temel, Elif Karabulut

    2011-08-01

    Relations of two types of trust by entrepreneurs with the entrepreneurs' preference to remain an incubator tenant were examined using questionnaire data from 67 owners of companies in 6 Turkish incubators. As hypothesized, trust in incubator management had a positive and unique relation with preference to remain an incubator tenant. However, trust in other incubator tenants did not show the hypothesized positive and unique relation with preference to remain a tenant; the results indicated the relation is negative.

  18. Business incubators: (How) do they help their tenants?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratinho, Tiago; Harms, Rainer; Groen, Arend J.; Oakey, R.; Groen, A.; van der Sijde, P.; Cook, G.

    2013-01-01

    Business incubators (BI) have been established worldwide as tools for company creation and small businesses support. BIs claim to help their tenants by providing them with the optimal conditions for increasing early stage survival and long-term performance. Practitioners and researchers agree that

  19. Victimization and Fear of Crime in Elderly Public Housing Tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, M. Powell; Yaffe, Silvia

    1980-01-01

    Fear of crime was central in determining psychological well-being. Crime-related variables were minimally related to size of social space and activity outside the housing site. Planned housing serves a protective function and tenants are not necessarily made prisoners in their homes by crime or fear. (Author)

  20. Business incubators: (how) do they support their tenants?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratinho, Tiago; Harms, Rainer; Groen, Arend J.

    2009-01-01

    Business incubators (BI) have been established worldwide as tools for company creation and small businesses support. BIs claim to help their tenants by providing them with the optimal conditions for increasing early stage survival. Practitioners and researchers agree that business support is a

  1. Tenant involvement in renovation for low energy performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiller, C.; Hasselaar, E.; Gervind, P.

    2014-01-01

    The general goal of tenant involvement is to ensure that retrofitting projects are successful not only from a technical point of view but also from a social perspective. When possible, strategies should be included to reward users for energy efficient behaviour. Energy monitoring and feedback are

  2. 24 CFR 245.15 - Notice to tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... notice must be served by delivery, except, for a high-rise project, the notice may be served either by delivery or by posting. If service is made by delivery, a copy of the notice must be delivered directly to each unit in the project or mailed to each tenant. If service is made by posting, the notice must be...

  3. Design of a hierarchical software-defined storage system for data-intensive multi-tenant cloud applications

    OpenAIRE

    Maenhaut, Pieter-Jan; Moens, Hendrik; Volckaert, Bruno; Ongenae, Veerle; De Turck, Filip

    2015-01-01

    Software-Defined Storage (SDS) is an evolving concept in which the management and provisioning of data storage is decoupled from the physical storage hardware. Data-intensive multi-tenant SaaS applications running on the public cloud could benefit from the concepts introduced by SDS by managing the allocation of tenant data from the tenant's perspective, taking custom tenant policies and preferences into account. In this paper, we propose the design of a scalable multi-tenant SDS system....

  4. Determinants of satisfaction amongst tenants of UK Offices

    OpenAIRE

    Sanderson, Danielle C.; Edwards, Victoria M.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – Corporate Occupiers require offices and services which meet their business needs, whilst\\ud landlords must attract and retain occupiers in order to maximise occupancy and rental income. The purpose\\ud of this research is to help landlords and corporate occupiers understand each other better, in order to achieve a mutually beneficial relationship.\\ud Design/methodology/approach - This paper analyses interviews with 1334 office tenants in the UK,\\ud conducted over an 11-year period, t...

  5. 24 CFR 92.209 - Tenant-based rental assistance: Eligible costs and requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Security deposits. (1) A participating jurisdiction may use HOME funds provided for tenant-based rental... the amount of HOME funds that may be provided for a security deposit may not exceed the equivalent of two month's rent for the unit. (3) Only the prospective tenant may apply for HOME security deposit...

  6. 24 CFR 984.304 - Total tenant payment, family rent, and increases in family income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Total tenant payment, family rent... PROGRAM Program Operation § 984.304 Total tenant payment, family rent, and increases in family income. (a... set forth in 24 CFR part 913. (2) Section 8 FSS program: Calculation of family rent. For the rental...

  7. 24 CFR 982.313 - Security deposit: Amounts owed by tenant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Leasing a Unit § 982... tenant. (b) The PHA may prohibit security deposits in excess of private market practice, or in excess of...

  8. Emergent leadership among tenants with psychiatric disabilities living in supported housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piat, Myra; Sabetti, Judith; Padgett, Deborah

    2017-12-25

    The overall aim of this study was to explore the experiences of people with psychiatric disabilities living as tenants in independent, supported apartments for the first time. Supported housing provides an alternative to structured, custodial housing models, such as foster homes, or board-and-care homes, for clients in public mental health systems. This article reports findings on how leadership emerged among tenants after making the transition from custodial to supported housing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with tenants (n = 24) and included questions on their housing history, current living situation, relationships with staff, participation, and understanding or experience of leadership. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, codes generated, and a thematic analysis conducted using a constructivist approach. The findings revealed an understanding and appreciation of leadership among tenants, who identified six pathways to leadership in their housing as a response to unmet tenant needs. Most tenant leaders emerged outside of formal authority or power structures. Supported housing provides a unique social setting and empowering community where the potential of persons with psychiatric disabilities to assume leadership may be realized and further developed. Mental health professionals working in community housing networks are well placed to harness these face-to-face tenant communities, and their natural leaders, as an additional tool in promoting tenant recovery, mutual help, neighbourhood integration, and the broader exercise of citizenship. © 2017 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.

  9. Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Aggregation and Privacy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.; Wang, Na

    2014-10-31

    A growing number of building owners are benchmarking their building energy use. This requires the building owner to acquire monthly whole-building energy usage information, which can be challenging for buildings in which individual tenants have their own utility meters and accounts with the utility. Some utilities and utility regulators have turned to aggregation of customer energy use data (CEUD) as a way to give building owners whole-building energy usage data while protecting customer privacy. Meter profile aggregation adds a layer of protection that decreases the risk of revealing CEUD as the number of meters aggregated increases. The report statistically characterizes the similarity between individual energy usage patterns and whole-building totals at various levels of meter aggregation.

  10. Sustainable Renovation of Residential Buildings and the Landlord/Tenant Dilemma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ástmarsson, Björn; Jensen, Per Anker; Maslesa, Esmir

    2013-01-01

    The landlord/tenant dilemma arises when the interests of landlords and tenants misalign and is one of the greatest barriers hindering the development of sustainable renovation of residential buildings in Europe. The aim of this research is to investigate how regulatory changes and contractual...... solutions can help solve the landlord/tenant dilemma in relation to sustainable renovation of residential buildings, and how the general awareness of sustainable renovation can be increased. Particular focus is on whether tools like energy performance contracting and energy labeling can help solve...

  11. Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy: Technical Appendix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Anderson, David M.

    2014-11-12

    This technical appendix accompanies report PNNL–23786 “Commercial Building Tenant Energy Usage Data Aggregation and Privacy”. The objective is to provide background information on the methods utilized in the statistical analysis of the aggregation thresholds.

  12. Disability Discrimination in the Rental Housing Market – A Field Experiment on Blind Tenants

    OpenAIRE

    Fumarco, Luca

    2015-01-01

    In this study, I show that with the appropriate experimental strategy, a correspondence test can be adapted to investigate disability discrimination in the rental housing market. I focus on discrimination against blind tenants assisted by guide dogs in Italy and obtain very robust results. The utilization of three fictitious household tenants (that is, a married couple, a married couple with a blind wife who owns a guide dog, and a married couple where the wife is normal sighted ...

  13. Commercial and Multifamily Building Tenant Energy Usage Aggregation and Privacy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Wang, Na

    2014-11-17

    In a number of cities and states, building owners are required to disclose and/or benchmark their building energy use. This requires the building owner to possess monthly whole-building energy usage information, which can be challenging for buildings in which individual tenants have their own utility meters and accounts with the utility. Some utilities and utility regulators have turned to aggregation of customer data as a way to give building owners the whole-building energy usage data while protecting customer privacy. However, no utilities or regulators appear to have conducted a concerted statistical, cybersecurity, and privacy analysis to justify the level of aggregation selected. Therefore, the Tennant Data Aggregation Task was established to help utilities address these issues and provide recommendations as well as a theoretical justification of the aggregation threshold. This study is focused on the use case of submitting data for ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager (ESPM), but it also looks at other potential use cases for monthly energy consumption data.

  14. 75 FR 9609 - Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Tenant Data Collection: Responses To Advance Solicitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) Tenant Data Collection: Responses To Advance... administering tax credits,'' HUD will not require the collection of data on tenants in non-LIHTC units. The... collection methodology will be coordinated with the authority HERA grants for State tax credit agencies to...

  15. Identifying Variables Influencing Tenant Affordability to Pay Rent in Ipoh City Council Public Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salleh Nor Aini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Affordability reflects the challenges faced by households in balancing the real cost of housing and non housing expenditures against income limitations placed upon the household. Various methods have been introduced to measure housing affordability among households. This study was undertaken to identify the variables influencing tenant affordability to pay rent. Data was obtained through questionnaire distribution on 350 MBI public housing tenants using the strata sampling technique. This study found that only ethnic group variable significantly influenced the ability to pay rent. The study’s findings proved that different ethnic groups faced different housing costs liabilities attributable to different socioeconomic status.

  16. Multi-Dimensional Customization Modelling Based On Metagraph For Saas Multi-Tenant Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Shahin, Ashraf A.

    2014-01-01

    Software as a Service (SaaS) is a new software deli very model in which pre-built applications are delivered to customers as a service. SaaS provi ders aim to attract a large number of tenants (users) with minimal system modifications to meet e conomics of scale. To achieve this aim, SaaS applications have to be customizable to meet requir ements of each tenant. However, due to the rapid growing of the SaaS, SaaS applications could have th...

  17. Older UK sheltered housing tenants' perceptions of well-being and their usage of hospital services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Glenda; Bailey, Cathy; Hodgson, Philip; Gray, Joanne; Barron, Emma; McMillan, Christine; Marston, Roy; Binks, Eleanor; Rose, Joanne

    2017-09-01

    The aim of this study was to examine sheltered housing tenants' views of health and well-being, the strategies they adopted to support their well-being, and their use of health and social care services through a Health Needs Assessment. Sheltered housing in the UK is a form of service-integrated housing for people, predominantly over 60. The study used a parallel, three-strand mixed method approach to encompass the tenants' perceptions of health and well-being (n = 96 participants), analysis of the service's health and well-being database, and analysis of emergency and elective hospital admissions (n = 978 tenant data sets for the period January to December 2012). Tenants' perceptions of well-being were seen to reinforce much of the previous work on the subject with strategies required to sustain social, community, physical, economic, environmental, leisure, emotional and spiritual dimensions. Of the tenants' self-reported chronic conditions, arthritis, heart conditions and breathing problems were identified as their most common health concerns. Hospital admission data indicated that 43% of the tenant population was admitted to hospital (886 admissions) with 53% emergency and 47% elective admissions. The potential cost of emergency as opposed to elective admissions was substantial. The mean length of stay for emergency admissions was 8.2 days (median 3.0 days). While elective hospital admission had a mean length of stay of 1.0 day (median 0.0 days). These results suggest the need for multi-professional health, social care and housing services interventions to facilitate sheltered housing tenants' aspirations and support their strategies to live well and independently in their own homes. Equally there is a need to increase tenants' awareness of health conditions and their management, the importance of services which offer facilitation, resources and support, and the key role played by prevention and reablement. © 2016 The Authors. Health and Social Care in

  18. Discrimination of tenants with a visual impairment on the housing market: Empirical evidence from correspondence tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhaeghe, Pieter-Paul; Van der Bracht, Koen; Van de Putte, Bart

    2016-04-01

    According to the social model of disability, physical 'impairments' become disabilities through exclusion in social relations. An obvious form of social exclusion might be discrimination, for instance on the rental housing market. Although discrimination has detrimental health effects, very few studies have examined discrimination of people with a visual impairment. We aim to study (1) the extent of discrimination of individuals with a visual impairment on the rental housing market and (2) differences in rates of discrimination between landowners and real estate agents. We conducted correspondence tests among 268 properties on the Belgian rental housing market. Using matched tests, we compared reactions by realtors and landowners to tenants with and tenants without a visual impairment. The results show that individuals with a visual impairment are substantially discriminated against in the rental housing market: at least one in three lessors discriminate against individuals with a visual impairment. We further discern differences in the propensity toward discrimination according to the type of lessor. Private landlords are at least twice as likely to discriminate against tenants with a visual impairment than real estate agents. At the same time, realtors still discriminate against one in five tenants with a visual impairment. This study shows the substantial discrimination against visually people with an impairment. Given the important consequences discrimination might have for physical and mental health, further research into this topic is needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Tenant Recruitment and Support Processes in Sustainability-Profiled Business Incubators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bank, Natasha; Kanda, Wisdom

    2016-01-01

    Recruitment and support processes in sustainability-profiled incubators have received little research attention. The article addresses this knowledge gap in an empirical investigation of three sustainability-oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany. The data are based on interviews with managers, stakeholders and tenants in Green Tech…

  20. 24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affordability-Rent level...) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes of... determined based on unit size as follows: (a) For moderate-income, maximum affordable rents to count as...

  1. 12 CFR 1282.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant... GOALS AND MISSION ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.19 Affordability—Rent level...) For moderate-income, maximum affordable rents to count as housing for moderate-income families shall...

  2. A Study of the Syntactic Parameters in Wale Okediran's Tenants of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Employing content analysis, this article examines Wale Okediran's satirical use of the language of politics in Tenants of .... systemic model of grammar for its analysis. Functional Sentence Types. Declarative ..... decides to return the bribe he had earlier collected in error, quit the corrupt group in support of the Speaker in his ...

  3. The tenants in the vineyard (GThom 65/Mark 12:1-12): A realistic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of the tenants, the second part of the article focuses on a social-scientific reading of GThom 65 through the lens of patronage and clientism and that of honor and shame. Finally, the conclusions reached by the social-scientific reading are compared with Kloppenborg's realistic reading thereof. HTS Theological Studies Vol.

  4. 24 CFR 401.602 - Tenant protections if an expiring contract is not renewed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF HOUSING AND OFFICE OF MULTIFAMILY HOUSING ASSISTANCE RESTRUCTURING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MULTIFAMILY HOUSING MORTGAGE AND HOUSING ASSISTANCE... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tenant protections if an expiring...

  5. Risk sources and attitude among the tenants of the Gezira Scheme – Sudan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Elhag Ahmed

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the variance and the expected income–variance risk analysis concepts are used to identify risk sources and attitudes among the Gezira Scheme tenants. Moreover, the study aimed at identifying which crop combination under risk consideration is closer to tenants’ preference. The results showed that sorghum has a high yield variance followed by cotton, wheat, and groundnut. Cotton has the highest output price variance and cost variance than the other crops produced in the scheme. Main risk sources of wheat are output prices, input prices and yield. Although sorghum is riskier in terms of its own variance of gross margins, it remains attractive to the tenants. This is because its gross margins are negatively covariate with the cotton resulting in a more stable total aggregate gross margin. Comparing the results of quadratic risk programming with crop combinations from the tenants point of view scenario, the fourth scenario (with target income of US $994 is the closest crop combination to the tenants’ preference and the tenants in the Gezira Scheme behave in a risk aversion way.

  6. 24 CFR 970.23 - Costs of demolition and relocation of displaced tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Costs of demolition and relocation of displaced tenants. 970.23 Section 970.23 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...

  7. External Wall Insulation (EWI: Engaging Social Tenants in Energy Efficiency Retrofitting in the North East of England

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Lilley

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The question of how best to tackle the problem of energy inefficient older housing in the UK is considerable, and is further complicated by the question of tenure. Social landlords are working to update and improve their properties, which make up around 15% of the total UK housing stock (4 million properties. The success of such efficiency improvements depends in part on the cooperation of tenants, and their ability and willingness to engage with the process of change. This paper describes the experiences of eleven social housing tenant households whose properties were fitted with External Wall Insulation (EWI, based on pre- and post-installation interviews and data collection. It includes discussion of tenants’ knowledge, attitudes, and expectations prior to and following installation; household thermal comfort and energy spending before installation; tenant experiences of having EWI installed; tenant perceptions regarding the effects of EWI on thermal comfort, energy spending, and housing attractiveness; impacts of EWI on internal temperatures and heat loss (measured via thermal imaging; energy bill comparisons. Households experienced an average saving of 33% on energy bills following EWI installation, and the majority of tenants reported benefits including improved thermal comfort and related positive impacts on health and wellbeing. The paper concludes by highlighting potential learning points for engaging tenants in the process of enhancing energy efficiency in UK social rented housing.

  8. Part II of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954: Repeal of further reform? Part 1

    OpenAIRE

    Pawlowski, Mark; Brown, James

    2015-01-01

    It has been over 60 years since the enactment of Pt II of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954. Since then, there have been two revisions of the legislation – one in 1969, which made limited amendments including the introduction of interim rents (see, the Law of Property Act 1969) and, more recently, under the Regulatory Reform (Business Tenancies) (England and Wales) Order 2003, which introduced more radical changes, particularly in relation to contracting out, notices and interim rents. To what...

  9. Towards a container-based architecture for multi-tenant SaaS applications

    OpenAIRE

    Truyen, Eddy; Van Landuyt, Dimitri; Reniers, Vincent; Rafique, Ansar; Lagaisse, Bert; Joosen, Wouter

    2016-01-01

    SaaS providers continuously aim to optimize the cost-efficiency, scalability and trustworthiness of their offerings. Traditionally, these concerns have been addressed by application-level middleware platforms that implement a multi-tenant architecture. However, the recent uprise and industry adoption of container technology such as Docker and Kubernetes, exactly for the purpose of improving the cost-efficiency, elasticity and resilience of cloud native services, triggers the unanswered qu...

  10. COMMERCIAL INDICATORS USED IN THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE SHOPPING MALL MANAGEMENT AND RETAIL TENANTS MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prada Sorin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The shopping malls intended for retail commerce have at the base a complex dynamic, a tridimensional character, which includes as main parties the owners, the tenants and the consumers, who have to become constant clients of the tenants’ shops in order the process to function. The complexity mark results from the additional requirements related to the presence of the appropriate variety of tenants (or shopkeepers, who can attract in an efective way enough consumers in order to sustain the business plan. The retail dynamic imposes the cooperation between the owner and the shopkeeper, in order to achieve success, with the third party, the consumers. Usually, the shopping mall management is formed for satisfying the demands stated by the third party. From a broader perspective, the paper proposes to offer solutions for the researchers and the organizations involved in a segment very well delimited from the retail field, respectively shopping malls. The paper has a practical character because wants to offer argumentatively economical explanations in order to take decisions by the people who represent the shopkeepers from the shopping malls. Exactly, the paper has as main objectives offering the solutions for shopkeepers when they determine the measure of the trader’s markups, of the rebates and discounts or the stocks volume. The research has as support general economical indicators (trader’s markups, stocks rotation and indicators specific to retail management (the start-up margin, the constant margin, the gross margin, the percentage rebate etc.. The problems related to the trader’s markups, the rebates, the discounts, the volume and the stocks rotation which the tenants of a shopping mall have to confront need to be known not only by them, but also by the manager of that shopping mall. The manager of the shopping mall has to understand aspects related to the stocks rotation, but also those related to the level of the

  11. Extending multi-tenant architectures: a database model for a multi-target support in SaaS applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rico, Antonio; Noguera, Manuel; Garrido, José Luis; Benghazi, Kawtar; Barjis, Joseph

    2016-05-01

    Multi-tenant architectures (MTAs) are considered a cornerstone in the success of Software as a Service as a new application distribution formula. Multi-tenancy allows multiple customers (i.e. tenants) to be consolidated into the same operational system. This way, tenants run and share the same application instance as well as costs, which are significantly reduced. Functional needs vary from one tenant to another; either companies from different sectors run different types of applications or, although deploying the same functionality, they do differ in the extent of their complexity. In any case, MTA leaves one major concern regarding the companies' data, their privacy and security, which requires special attention to the data layer. In this article, we propose an extended data model that enhances traditional MTAs in respect of this concern. This extension - called multi-target - allows MT applications to host, manage and serve multiple functionalities within the same multi-tenant (MT) environment. The practical deployment of this approach will allow SaaS vendors to target multiple markets or address different levels of functional complexity and yet commercialise just one single MT application. The applicability of the approach is demonstrated via a case study of a real multi-tenancy multi-target (MT2) implementation, called Globalgest.

  12. Tenant mix structure in shopping centres: some empirical analyses from Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartłomiej Marona

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this paper is to find an ideal tenant mix structure for the current shopping centres in Upper Silesian Urban Area Region in Poland, taking under consideration consumer preferences and behaviour. Research Design & Methods: Apart from literature review, empirical research is based on a survey questionnaire. The Analytic Hierarchy Process was applied in the analysis of the data collected. Findings: The research confirmed that to a great extent the valid tenant mix structure in the surveyed shopping centres meets with friendly attitude of customers. However, there are areas where improvement can increase the visitors’ satisfaction. Moreover, it was proven that shopping remains the main reason for customers’ visits in shopping centres, in spite of extending the offer of this type of places with new functions. Implications & Recommendations: Real estate managers are recommended to take actions aiming at increasing competitiveness on the market via the extension of the proposed shopping offer and their adjustment to customers’ expectations. For the managers, the results of the conducted research suggest lack of the necessity for radical transformations, and transforming Polish shopping centres into facilities of the fourth and fifth generation, which is slow in Poland, is, as it turns out, not necessarily expected, since customers identify shopping centres mainly with their traditional function. Contribution & Value Added: The proposed research model and findings can serve as a useful lens within the research of tenant mix structure in shopping centres in other parts of the Poland.

  13. The Female Artist Within the Framing Narrative in the Tenant of Wildfell Hall

    OpenAIRE

    Pourgiv, Farideh; Rahmati, Sara Ebrahimi

    2010-01-01

    Through the use of narrative analysis of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, it is argued in this paper that by introducing a female artist Bronte is posing questions regarding the experiences of the middle class women of the Victorian era, thus showing how much they were allowed to express their desires and emotions. Bronte presents a female artist who is forced to choose between her role as a wife and her role as an artist. The use of a journal in this novel makes it a counterplot in which female ...

  14. THE EFFECTS OF PATRIARCHY SYSTEM ON WOMEN CONDITION IN THE NOVEL OF THE TENANT OF WILDFELL HALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fhadli Noer

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Patriarchy system occurs in the era of Victoria and many women experience the effects of this system. The aims of the study is to describe the patriarchy system presented in the novel The Tenant of Wildfell Hall by Anne Bronte. This research was conducted with descriptive qualitative method. The data were taken from Anne Bronte’s novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall published by Anne Bronte in 1848. Data were collected from intensive reading of the novel and library research for resources related to patriarchy system. The result of study indicated that the patriarchy system which found in the novel ‘The Tenant of Wildfell Hall’ (1848 touch some basic institution namely economic institution, education, religion, family, state institution and cultural values. This novel told us about the condition of society in the Victorian era especially related to the patriarchy system occurred in that era.

  15. The purchasing of maintenance service delivery in the Dutch social housing sector : Optimising commodity strategies for delivering maintenance services to tenants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Mossel, J.H.

    2008-01-01

    For housing associations, maintenance is an opportunity for high quality interaction with their tenants, and thus an opportunity for effectively influencing the quality of service delivery to tenants. Dutch housing associations have a market share of about one third of the entire Dutch housing

  16. The tenure gap in electoral participation: instrumental motivation or selection bias? Comparing homeowners and tenants across four housing regimes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    André, Stéfanie; Dewilde, Caroline; Luijkx, Ruud

    2017-06-01

    Integrating housing tenure in Instrumental Motivation Theory predicts a tenure gap in electoral participation, as homeowners would be more motivated to vote compared with tenants. The empirical question is whether this effect is causal or rather due to selection into different housing tenures. This question is tackled using coarsened exact matching (CEM) on data for 19 countries, allowing us to better control for endogeneity. Even then, homeowners are found to vote more often than tenants. This association is stronger in countries characterized by a strong pro-homeownership ideology and/or where the financialization of housing markets turned houses into assets.

  17. Implementasi Modul-Modul Enterprise Resource Planning Multi Tenant pada Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizky Widhanto Herlambang

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tantangan ketika sebuah perusahaan akan berpindah menggunakan sistem ERP adalah adanya ketakutan untuk menyediakan infrastruktur beserta kebutuhan lainnya. Dengan menggunakan cloud computing, perusahaan tidak perlu untuk menyediakan infrastruktur, konfigurasi perangkat lunak dan pemeliharaannya, akan tetapi hanya tinggal menggunakannya langsung sebagai suatu layanan yang dapat diakses melalui berbagai media seperti komputer desktop, laptop, mobile device selama terkoneksi dalam jaringan internet. Sistem ERP  yang dibangun menerapkan prinsip multi tenant pada cloud computing. Implementasi prinsip multi tenant dilakukan dengan pendekatan basis data terpisah (separated database. Dengan prinsip ini, satu perangkat lunak, akan mengakses banyak sekali basis data, sehingga data antara satu perusahaan, dengan perusahaan lain, tidak akan saling tercampur dan lebih memiliki tingkat integritas yang tinggi. Selain itu, perangkat lunak yang dibangun menyediakan beberapa konfigurasi yang dapat digunakan apabila suatu perusahaan ternyata memiliki proses bisnis yang berbeda. Dengan penerapan sistem ini, kekhawatiran perusahaan mengenai infrastruktur dan pemeliharaan sistem dapat diatasi sehingga tujuan penerapan ERP sebagai langkah mempermudah proses bisnis perusahaan dapat tercapai.

  18. 24 CFR 5.851 - What authority do I have to screen applicants and to evict tenants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What authority do I have to screen... Federally Assisted Housing-Denying Admission and Terminating Tenancy for Criminal Activity or Alcohol Abuse General § 5.851 What authority do I have to screen applicants and to evict tenants? (a) Screening...

  19. Architecturally Significant Requirements Identification, Classification and Change Management for Multi-tenant Cloud-Based Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chauhan, Muhammad Aufeef; Probst, Christian W.

    2017-01-01

    requirements (such as scalability, reliability, and interoperability) are handled in the overall architecture design of a cloud-based system. It is important to distinguish tenant-specific run-time architecturally significant quality requirements and corresponding cloud-based systems’ components so that run...... identification, classification, and change management challenges. We have explored findings from systematic as well as structured reviews of the literature on quality requirements of the cloud-based systems including but not limited to security, availability, scalability, privacy, and multi-tenancy. We have...... presented a framework for requirements classification and change management focusing on distributed Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS) systems as well as complex software ecosystems that are built using PaaS and SaaS, such as Tools as a Service (TaaS). We have demonstrated...

  20. The Female Artist within the Framing Narrative in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farideh Pourgiv

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Through the use of narrative analysis of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, it is argued in this paper that by introducing a female artist Bronte is posing questions regarding the experiences of the middle class women of the Victorian era, thus showing how much they were allowed to express their desires and emotions. Bronte presents a female artist who is forced to choose between her role as a wife and her role as an artist. The use of a journal in this novel makes it a counterplot in which female maturity is not equated with marriage, but with the heroine’s rejection of her role as a wife, for though Helen’s character develops through her experience in courtship and marriage, it is her flight and rejection of the angel that empowers her to be born as an artist.

  1. The Impact of a Migration Shock on Tenant Satisfaction: The Case of Hurricane Katrina and Baton Rouge, Louisiana

    OpenAIRE

    Russell N. James III; Velma Zahirovic-Herbert

    2008-01-01

    The damage inflicted by Hurricane Katrina resulted in amassive displacement of residents, in particular from NewOrleans, Louisiana. Initially, many of these evacuees movedto Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the closest major town that escapedsignificant hurricane damage. Using comments postedon the United States’ largest consumer comment website forapartment residents, this study tracks the self-reported residentialsatisfaction of tenants in Baton Rouge before and afterthe massive migration of refugee...

  2. DoD Needs to Improve Screening and Access Controls for General Public Tenants Leasing Housing on Military Installations (REDACTED)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    3 2. Wanted Person 3. National Sex Offender Registry 4. Missing Persons 5. Foreign Fugitive 6. Identity Theft 7. Immigration Violator 8. Protection...compliance with Air Force Manual 31-113 regarding identity proofing and vetting privatized housing personnel through NCIC and III databases. ASFSC is...FOUO) We non- statistically selected 3 of 17 installations with the highest general public tenant population living inside the installation

  3. Landlords to pay $125,000 for abusing gay tenant with HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-05-31

    A New York City couple, [name removed] and [name removed], must pay [name removed] $125,000 for trying to force him from their apartment because he is gay and HIV-positive. The Rosacos used an 18-month campaign of abuse and harassment, including disabling [name removed]'s door locks, turning off his electricity, and threatening to force him out into the street. They denounced [name removed] in public and expressed their wish that he develop AIDS and die a painful death. [Name removed] filed a complaint with the Human Rights Commission, who ruled that the [name removed] violated a section of the city's administrative code prohibiting landlords from discriminating against tenants based on sexual orientation and disability. The [name removed] were ordered to pay [name removed] $100,000 in emotional distress damages and a $75,000 civil penalty. The State Supreme Court's Appellate Division found no reason to grant the [name removed] an appeal. They decreased the civil penalty to $25,000 because the [name removed] 50 unit apartment building does not make them large landlords by Manhattan standards.

  4. Environmental health risks associated with off-campus student-tenant housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Erin; Cole, Eugene C; Merrill, Ray

    2009-01-01

    While previous studies have established an association between poor housing conditions and adverse health effects, none has specifically addressed health and safety risks to the college student population in rental housing. A needs-assessment survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of adverse health and safety conditions in off-campus student housing associated with a large university in the western United States. Results from 1959 student-tenant surveys revealed problems with installed appliances (39.6%); visible mold (39.3%); heating/cooling systems (31.9%); indoor dampness/water damage (24.9%); security locks (23.4%); ants (17.1%); electrical wiring (11.3%); malfunctioning or missing smoke alarms (11.2%); broken steps/handrails (7.8%); and mice (4.8%), among other problems. Reported health effects associated with housing included headaches, coughing, sneezing, nausea, and dizziness, and these effects were found to significantly correlate with increased environmental problems. The results of this study indicate a need to inform college students about environmental health and safety problems in leased housing, to promote responsibility of landlords to provide safe and healthful environments, and to raise awareness of this issue for public health and housing officials in university communities across the country.

  5. Perspectives on Sustainability: Exploring the Views of Tenants in Supported Social Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalyn A. V. Robison

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Government policy aimed at curbing carbon emissions often focusses on encouraging individual action, however the effectiveness of this approach has been limited. Investigations of why this might be have included segmentation, to identify different groups who undertake more or less action, and analysis of various “barriers” to action. Those on lower incomes who are not home owners have previously been found to be less engaged in seeking out energy efficiency information. Working with low-income tenants living in supported social housing we conducted three group interviews, accompanied by a 7-item scale measuring general attitude towards the environment. The interviews were aimed at opening up discussion about environmental and energy issues, including exploring more deeply what, for these participants, underlies barriers to conservation behaviours. We found participants to be very willing to engage in conversation and knowledgeable about a range of relevant issues. Barriers explored include: lack of confidence in existing levels of knowledge, habit, self-interest and lack of agency, and in all cases several different perspectives were voiced by participants. Implications for policy, interventions and public engagement are given, including ways to increase dialogue and reflection on sustainability issues for all sectors of society.

  6. Rice Combine Harvester: Its Effects to the Livelihood of Rice-Field Tenants in a Second Class Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesrael Medrano

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the past few years, the advancement of modern technology has intensely overhauled society. People use and benefit from modern technology, and the tremendous opportunities it provides play a significant role in almost all aspects of human life. However, too much usage of this has its repercussions as well. Technological and mechanical change in agricultural sector and its impact on the work force have already become one of the neglected concerns of farmers in Amulung, a second class municipality of Cagayan. The newly introduced rice combine harvesters are already dominating the rice fields in Amulung during harvesting seasons. Thus, it replaces the conventional system of harvesting using human labor and sickles. This study is conducted to determine the effects of rice combine harvesters to the livelihood of rice field tenants in Amulung, Cagayan. Using purposive sampling through site selection approach and networking, 25 rice field tenants were selected as participants of this study. In–depth conversations and guided interview had served as the main instruments used by the researchers to gather the needed data. The results showed that rice combine harvesters cause unemployment and migration among the participants and degrade their sense of solidarity and camaraderie. As a result, the participants sought alternative activities which they can be paid off. Also, they engage themselves in livestock and poultry production, and even in informal sector economy just to cope with the prevalence of rice combine harvesters.

  7. The Social Tenant, the Law and the UK’s Politics of Austerity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen P Carr

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers current cuts to social housing provision in the UK made in the name of austerity. It focuses particularly on the ‘bedroom tax’ —the cut to housing benefit for working-age social housing tenants whose property is deemed to provide more bedrooms than they need. It begins by explaining the long-standing political project of social housing in the UK. This background is important to explain the emergence of a discursively ghettoized population within social housing. We then turn to the ‘bedroom tax’ itself. We consider the two quite separate rationales underpinning its introduction. One rationale —fairness— is the focus of the politicians; the other —under-occupation— provides the focus for policy analysts. Both offer different versions of truth about the social in social housing and both are unconvincing. For us, this is significant because the politics of austerity require the support of public opinion. We then consider some strategies of resistance to the ‘bedroom tax’ which harness the disruptive potential of fairness before concluding that the bedroom tax requires relatively little unpacking to reveal it as an ideological device which operates to increase inequality whilst deploying a rhetoric of fairness. Este artículo analiza los recortes en las prestaciones de viviendas sociales que se realizan actualmente en el Reino Unido en nombre de la austeridad. Se centra particularmente en el 'impuesto dormitorio' -el recorte en el subsidio de vivienda para inquilinos en edad de trabajar, cuya vivienda se considera que tiene más dormitorios de los que necesitan. Comienza explicando el proyecto político de viviendas sociales, de larga tradición en el Reino Unido. Estos antecedentes son importantes para explicar el surgimiento de guetos en las viviendas sociales. A continuación se centra en el "impuesto dormitorio” en sí mismo. Se analizan los dos diferentes motivos que sustentan su promulgación. Una es

  8. Individual, social, and environmental factors associated with support for smoke-free housing policies among subsidized multiunit housing tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Nancy E; Ferketich, Amy K; Klein, Elizabeth G; Wewers, Mary Ellen; Pirie, Phyllis

    2013-06-01

    Mandatory smoke-free policies in subsidized, multiunit housing (MUH) may decrease secondhand smoke exposure in households with the highest rates of exposure. Ideally, policies should be based on a strong understanding of factors affecting support for smoke-free policies in the target population to maximize effectiveness. A face-to-face survey was conducted from August to October 2011 using a stratified random sample of private subsidized housing units in Columbus, OH, without an existing smoke-free policy (n = 301, 64% response rate). Lease holders were asked to report individual, social, and environmental factors hypothesized to be related to support for smoke-free policies. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify factors independently associated with policy support. Most tenants supported smoke-free policies in common areas (82.7%), half supported policies inside units (54.5%), and one third supported a ban outside the building (36.3%). Support for smoke-free policies in units and outdoors was more common among nonsmokers than smokers (71.5% vs. 35.7%, p social, but no environmental, factors were independently associated with policy support. Smokers who intended to quit within 6 months or less were more likely than other smokers to support in-unit policies (45.3% vs. 21.1%; p = .003). More than half of subsidized MUH tenants supported smoke-free policies inside their units. Strategies to address individual- and social-level barriers to behavior change should be implemented in parallel with smoke-free policies. Policies should be evaluated with objective measures to determine their effectiveness.

  9. An Essay on the Anthropology of Underground Economy: The Economic Behavior of the Tenants of a Building in Dorcol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Kovačević

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper represents a case study of the economic behavior of the tenants of a building in downtown Belgrade. The data was gathered through ethnographic methods of observation and informal interviews. The external indicators of spending, as well as the researcher’s knowledge about the professions and income of a number of tenants pointed toward the conclusion that informal economy plays a major role in the earnings of the observed households. The goal of this paper is to point out the shortcomings of official statistical data on the income of Serbian citizens on which assessments of the standard of living are based. The outline of an “anthropology of informal earning” is given, and suggested as a way to access information on a wide variety of informal means of acquiring income which are left out of formal statistics, yet enable a significant proportion of Serbian citizens to attain a better standard of living than is suggested by official data. Another goal was to, by making a connection between informal economy and the political choices of Serbian citizens; point out the fact that the revolts occurring over the past two decades were mainly motivated by political and not economic reasons as would be expected. This is especially relevant, keeping in mind the catastrophic economic situation in the country which is often emphasized in public discourse, and taking into account the different events and parameters – starting with the hyperinflation in the first half of the 90’s, international sanctions, the increase in public spending on the part of all the regimes that had been in power, great budget deficits and national debt, up to and including the lack of much needed economic reform. Given all this, it is confounding that economic reasons do not cause the people to revolt, unless, we look to the informal economy which allows a significant number of Serbian citizens to have a more comfortable existence than public data suggests.

  10. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Bryks

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and “expert witnesses” who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant, basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability.

  11. Advantages of heat contracting for landlords and tenants; Vorteile des Waermecontracting fuer Mieter und Vermieter. Eigenstaendige gewerbliche Waermelieferung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quint, R.P. [Gasag WaermeService GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2003-11-01

    Compared to an in-house solution (e.g. in-house modernisation), an independent commercial supply of heat (heat contracting) is extremely advantageous in terms of heating, administration and maintenance costs. The practical example of the company Gasag Waerme-Service GmbH, Berlin, demonstrates this. The landlord benefits from purchasing, processing and operational management by the contractor and incurs no administration or maintenance costs during operation of the heat generating plant and is not required to tie up any capital. Tenants are supplied by a system which always operates optimally with a guaranteed annual utilisation ratio and are also shielded from increased fuel costs arising from unsatisfactory operational management. (orig.) [German] Vor dem Hintergrund der Kyoto-Ziele sind sinnvolle Konzepte sur Anlagenerneuerung und zur CO{sub 2}-Reduzierung gefragt. Waermecontracting kann dabei einen nennenswerten Beitrag liefern. Bei der Erneuerung von Anlagen ergeben sich vor allem Vorteile bezueglich Heiz-, Verwaltungs- und Instandhaltungskosten, wenn die eigenstaendige gewerbliche Waermelieferung der Eigenloesung vorgezogen wird. (orig.)

  12. Monitoring of a microprocessor based energy management system. A demonstration project at various tenanted office buildings. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-11-01

    Annual savings ranging from Pound4,700-Pound17,300 are currently being realised by a number of different organisations installing energy management systems in their premises. The system used is one manufactured by Trend Control Systems Ltd and installed by Energy Technique (ET); ET have installed systems in ten multi-tenanted office blocks to control heating, ventilation and air conditioning plants (HVAC). Having installed and commissioned the EMS in the buildings, ET remotely monitored and controlled the HVAC in each of the buildings via the STD network from their own offices in Basingstoke. The project was undertaken to demonstrate that the implementation of centrally controlled EMS, was an effective technology for conserving energy and could provide satisfactory energy saving returns on a company's investment. The results obtained vary for different buildings. Data obtained over a two-year period shows that most buildings achieved extremely worthwhile returns on investment, the majority realising payback periods of 1.7-2.9 years.

  13. An intervention strategy for improving residential environment and positive mental health among public housing tenants: rationale, design and methods of Flash on my neighborhood!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janie Houle

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Canada, public housing programs are an important part of governmental strategies to fight poverty and public exclusion. The Flash on my neighborhood! project is a four-year multiphase community-based participatory action research strategy currently implemented in six public housing developments (n = 1009 households across the province of Québec, Canada. The goal is to reduce the mental health disparities faced by these public housing tenants compared to the general population, while identifying which environmental and policy changes are needed to turn public housing settings into healthier environments. Methods The protocol involves three successive, interconnected phases: 1 Strengths and needs assessment, including community outreach and recruitment of tenants to collaborate as peer researchers, an exploratory qualitative component (photovoice, a systematic neighborhood observation, and a household survey; 2 Action plan development, including a community forum and interactive capacity-building and discussion sessions; 3 Action plan implementation and monitoring. The entire intervention is evaluated using a mixed-method design, framed within a multiple case study perspective. Throughout the project and particularly in the evaluation phase, data will be collected to record a contextual factors (tenants’ previous experience of participation, history of public housing development, etc.; b activities that took place and elements from the action plan that were implemented; and c short- and medium-term outcomes (objective and perceived improvements in the quality of the residential setting, both physically and in terms of mental health and social capital. Discussion The study will provide unprecedented evidence-based information on the key ingredients of a collective intervention process associated with the increased collective empowerment and positive mental health of public housing tenants.

  14. Pola Pencapaian Kesadaran Tokoh Utama Perempuan Tertindas Dalam Novel Far From The Madding Crowd Karya Thomas hardy dan The Tenant Of Wildfell Hall Karya Anne Bronte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Leiliyanti

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pola pencapaian kesadaran tokoh utama perempuan tertindas dalam novel Far from the Madding Crowd karya Thomas Hardy dan The Tenant of Wildfell Hall karya Anne Bronte dengan pendekatan feminis. Tokoh utama bemama Bathsheba dalam Far From the Madding Crowd, sadar bahwa hidupnya berada dalam lingkungan patriarkal dan tertindas oleh dominasi laki-laki ketika ditinggal pcrgi suaminya Meskipun akhimya mcnikah dengan laki-laki yang dianggap lebih mencintainya, Bathsheba tetap berada pada posisi tersubordinasi oleh laki-laki. Kesadaran tokoh utama perempuan bemama Helen pada posisinya yang tertindas oleh laki-laki dan lingkungan patriarki dalam The Tenant of Wildfell Hall muncul saat mengetahui perselingkuhan suaminya. Agar dapat hidup bebas dan mandiri, Helen melarikan diri dari suaminya. Pilihan Anne Bronte pada solusi menuju zona liar untuk membebaskan perempuan dari ketertindasan menunjukkan konsistcnsinya sebagai perempuan pengarang, sedangkan laki-laki pengarang (Thomas Hardy memilih menempatkan tokoh perempuannya tetap bertahan dalam komunitasnya Abstract: This article aims to describe the awareness achievement pattern of the female main character being oppressed in Thomas Hardy's novel, Far From the Madding Crowd and Anne Bronte's novel. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, by means of feminism approach. The main character in Far From the Madding Crowd, Bathsheba, realized that her life is in patriarchal surroundings and being oppressed by male domination when she was left by her husband. Although, she eventually got married to a man loving her more. Bathsheba is still in the position of subordinated by a male. The awareness of female character named Helen, in her position of being oppressed by male and patriarchal surroundings in The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, emerged when she found her husband adultery. To live free and liberated, Helen ran away from her husband. Anne Bronte's choice to a solution heading for the

  15. Radon Guide for Tenants

    Science.gov (United States)

    This guide is for people who rent their apartments or houses. The guide explains what radon is, and how to find out if there is a radon problem in your home. The guide also talks about what you can do if there are high radon levels in your home.

  16. State-of-the-art on Virtualization and Software Defined Networking for Efficient Resource Allocation on Multi-tenant 5G Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsirakis Christos

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Global data traffic explosion is expected to set stringent requirements for next generation networks in the next decades. Besides, very low latencies will have to be guaranteed for enabling new delay critical services. However, current Software Defined Networking (SDN solutions have limitations in terms of separating both data and control planes among tenants/operators, and the capability to adapt to new or changing requirements. Moreover, some virtualization schemes do not ensure isolation of resources and do not guarantee bandwidth across the entities. While some others fail to provide flexibility to the slices to customize the resource allocation across the users. Therefore, novel SDN and virtualization techniques should be implemented to realize the upcoming 5G network that will facilitate at least efficient resource allocation and multi-tenancy among the plethora of different requirements.

  17. Surgical residency: A tenant's view

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'To sleep: perchance to dream', is the frequent mantra of the surgical resident. However, unlike. Hamlet, there is no ensuing speculation as to what dreams may come as there are seldom any!! Surgical residency has been both vilified and immortalized, but the fact remains that it is one of the most challenging, provocative ...

  18. 24 CFR 983.255 - Tenant screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... providing information to owners. (4) The PHA policy must provide that the PHA will give the same types of information to all owners. (d) The protections for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking...

  19. 24 CFR 982.307 - Tenant screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... selected to participate in the program. The PHA policy must provide that the PHA will give the same types... violence, dating violence, and stalking, 24 CFR part 5, subpart L, applies. (Approved by the Office of...

  20. Una atribución a Pietro di Martino Veese: el Escudo de armas de Carlos II entre ángeles tenantes de la iglesia de las Calatravas de Madrid y la influencia de Bernini en la decoración española del Barroco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Pastor, Ismael

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Sobre la puerta del brazo del crucero del lado de la epístola de la iglesia de la Concepción Real de Calatrava de Madrid, vulgo Calatravas, que da paso a la sacristía y a la sala capitular del templo, existe un elegante altorrelieve que representa un Escudo de armas de Carlos II entre ángeles tenantes, dispuesto como remate a todo los ancho del dintel (Fig. 1. Está pintado con un color claro de tonalidad gris verdosa y debe estar realizado en estuco o en barro a juzgar por los planos excavados, los agujeros y las imperfecciones de ciertas partes del mismo, por lo general de carácter secundario y menos visible, como los cuerpos de los leones o las esferas que sujetan con sus garras. A su perfil mixtilíneo se le sobrepone una cornisa como apoyo del altorrelieve, que se estructura a partir de un pedestal que arranca en volutas horizontales y sirve de apoyo a un escudo de perfiles ondulantes…

  1. Waverly Plantation: Ethnoarchaeology of a Tenant Farming Community,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-16

    begin data collection and to complete the data presentation. But, except for maintaining feedback between its component approaches, ethnoarchaeology...suspended from an ornamental plaster medallion . . . There were gilt cornices, imported furniture, a floral wool carpet and large gilt mirrors, one...last few years of his life, rlptain Billy suffered from severe skin diseases which curtailed his activities. His nieces, Mrs. Emily Evans and Miss Lucy

  2. 24 CFR 964.150 - Funding tenant participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... intervention. HUD Field Office shall require the parties to undertake further negotiations to resolve the... not be included as income for calculation of rents, and are not subject to conflict of interest...

  3. Improving Property to the Benefit of Both Landlords and Tenants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul-Sandberg, Jakob

    the result of this is that property owners (landlords) have many obligations but only little motivation on improving the standards of the property as the return on such investments is very low. This is mainly due to the fact that amounts spent on energy saving measures or other improvements to a building...

  4. 24 CFR 960.202 - Tenant selection policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... extremely low income families as provided in paragraph (b) of this section. (ii) Deconcentration of poverty... on the residents or the project environment; (iv) Objective and reasonable policies for selection by... occupancy during the fiscal year of PHA public housing units located in census tracts with a poverty rate of...

  5. 29 CFR 780.330 - Sharecroppers and tenant farmers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... definitions of employment, such as those enunciated by the Supreme Court in Rutherford Food Corporation v. Mc... whether an individual is an employee or an independent contractor under the definitions in this Act lies... reality follows the usual path of an employee. Each case must be decided on the basis of all facts and...

  6. 24 CFR 891.610 - Selection and admission of tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... waiting list showing the name, race, gender, ethnicity and date of each person applying for the program... occupancy requirements. For cases where domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, or criminal activity directly relating to domestic violence, dating violence, or stalking is involved or claimed to be involved...

  7. 24 CFR 891.410 - Selection and admission of tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... make selections in a nondiscriminatory manner without regard to considerations such as race, religion... Federal, State or local civil rights laws) if the applicant believes he or she is being discriminated...

  8. Air Force Host and Tenant Agreements Between the 50th Space Wing, the Joint National Integration Center, and Tenants

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    .... The 50th Space Wing makes available by permit two buildings on the base's real property records, 720 and 730, to the Joint National Integration Center, a Component of the Missile Defense Agency...

  9. Améliorer les résultats de recherche tenant compte des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les débuts d'Internet ont certainement présenté les technologies de communication comme un facteur potentiel d'égalisation pour les femmes. Toutefois, dans le pire des cas, ces nouvelles formes de communication sont aussi utilisées activement pour nuire aux femmes : pornographie vengeresse, cyberintimidation et ...

  10. 24 CFR 290.17 - Displacement of tenants and relocation assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT HUD-OWNED PROPERTIES DISPOSITION OF MULTIFAMILY... multifamily housing projects and all multifamily housing projects subject to HUD-held mortgages. When HUD is... HUD has authorized the demolition of, repairs to, or conversion of the use of the multifamily housing...

  11. Un outil de planification et de budgétisation communautaire tenant ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Strategic leverage on value chains. Businesses can understand trade trends and future challenges in the ASEAN Economic community. ... Orbicom's Digital Divide Index is a rigorous statistical tool for benchmarking access to and use of information and communication technologies (ICT), and monitoring progress toward the.

  12. 75 FR 66385 - Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act: Guidance on Notification Responsibilities Under the Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-28

    ... provided by PTFA sunset on December 31, 2014. Section 1484 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and... protections to December 31, 2014. Section 1484 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection... the Act With Respect to Occupied Conveyance AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing...

  13. 77 FR 15379 - Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act: Additional Guidance on Notification Responsibilities Under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... or speech challenges may access this number through TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information... completion of foreclosure, the mortgagee must confirm the identity of all occupants, determine each occupant... is 877-622- 8525; its email address is [email protected] . Persons with hearing or speech...

  14. A modular (almost) automatic set-up for elastic multi-tenants cloud (micro)infrastructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoroso, A.; Astorino, F.; Bagnasco, S.; Balashov, N. A.; Bianchi, F.; Destefanis, M.; Lusso, S.; Maggiora, M.; Pellegrino, J.; Yan, L.; Yan, T.; Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.

    2017-10-01

    An auto-installing tool on an usb drive can allow for a quick and easy automatic deployment of OpenNebula-based cloud infrastructures remotely managed by a central VMDIRAC instance. A single team, in the main site of an HEP Collaboration or elsewhere, can manage and run a relatively large network of federated (micro-)cloud infrastructures, making an highly dynamic and elastic use of computing resources. Exploiting such an approach can lead to modular systems of cloud-bursting infrastructures addressing complex real-life scenarios.

  15. Multi-tenant attribute-based access control for cloud infrastructure services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ngo, C.; Demchenko, Y.; de Laat, C.

    2016-01-01

    Cloud Computing is developed as a new wave of ICT technologies, offering a common approach to on-demand provisioning of computation, storage and network resources that are generally referred to as infrastructure services. Most of currently available commercial cloud services are built and organized

  16. 24 CFR 511.14 - Tenant assistance, displacement, relocation, and acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... payments, in a manner that does not result in discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, age... provisions of this section. (g) Definition of a displaced person. (1) For purposes of this section, the term...

  17. Tenants' experiences and satisfaction in social housing subject to comprehensive retrofitting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Henrik Nellemose; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund; Rose, Jørgen

    This report describes a Danish retrofitting project with focus on reducing the energy consump-tion in social housing. The objective of the project was to study tenants’ overall satisfaction with how the retrofitting of their dwellings was carried out and their experiences and satisfaction...

  18. 24 CFR 880.603 - Selection and admission of assisted tenants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the applicant believes that he or she is being discriminated against on the basis of race, color, creed, religion, sex, or national origin. See 24 CFR part 5 for the informal review provisions for the...

  19. A Downtown Denver Law Firm Leverages Tenant Improvement Funds to Cut Operating Expenses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-03-01

    Bryan Cave HRO (formerly Holme Roberts & Owen LLP, headquartered in Denver, Colorado), an international law firm, partnered with the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) to develop and implement solutions to retrofit existing buildings to reduce annual energy consumption by at least 30% versus pre-retrofit energy use as part of DOE’s Commercial Building Partnership (CBP) program.

  20. Bacteria, some permanent tenants Space Station; Bacteria, unos inquilinos permanentes de la estacion espacial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz, B.

    2015-07-01

    Vacuum cleaners to operate the vacuum or rags with ethanol they are the products of cleaning of the astronauts. Is there tight spaces fully sterilized? It seems not, even in the Space Station International (ISS). When it comes to bacteria, they are able to travel more than 400 kilometers housed in costumes, bodies and interior of the astronauts themselves and settle in a enclosed space where-unlike in a {sup c}leanroom 'terrestre- the air is not recycled. A NASA study has found an abundance of bacteria 'opportunists' which, although harmless on Earth, they might derivasen cause infections in inflammations or skin irritations. Not forgetting those fungi that could damage or affect the infrastructure equipment space. (Author)

  1. Neighborhood Environment and the Wellbeing of Older Tenants in Planned Housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, M. Powell; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Quiet neighborhoods in small or middle sized communities where the risk of crime was low were conducive to active and satisfying lives for older people. Well-being tended to be higher in segregated buildings even with other factors such as exposure to crime controlled. (Author)

  2. Are they helping? An examination of business incubators' impact on tenant firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratinho, Tiago

    2011-01-01

    Business incubators (BI) have been established throughout the world as spurs to economic growth. Promoters and BIs‟ managers claim an important role in creating companies, support them till graduation and therefore often boast their contribution to job and wealth creation. Particularly since the

  3. Transportation Demand Management Planning At Multi-Tenant Buildings, An Example Of Tdm Planning During Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-01

    THIS GUIDE FOR DEVELOPERS, BUILDING OWNERS AND BUILDING MANAGERS IS ONE IN A SERIES OF SAMPLES OF TDM PLANS THAT ILLUSTRATE THE DESIGN AND PROPOSED APPLICATION OF TDM STRATEGIES. THIS SAMPLE PLAN WAS PREPARED FOR A FICTITIOUS BUILDING MANAGER NEAR DO...

  4. SDN/NFV orchestration for dynamic deployment of virtual SDN controllers as VNF for multi-tenant optical networks

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz, Raül; Vilalta, Ricard; Casellas, Ramon; Martínez, Ricardo; Szyrkowiec, T.; Autenrieth, A.; López, Víctor; López, D.

    2015-01-01

    We propose to virtualize the SDN control functions and move them to the cloud. We experimentally evaluate the first SDN/NFV orchestration architecture to dynamically deploy independent SDN controller instances for each deployed virtual optical network.

  5. Multi-Tenant Apache Kafka for Hops : Kafka Topic-Based Multi-Tenancy and ACL- Based Authorization for Hops

    OpenAIRE

    Dessalegn Muruts, Misganu

    2016-01-01

    Apache Kafka is a distributed, high throughput and fault-tolerant publish/subscribe messaging system in the Hadoop ecosystem. It is used as a distributed data streaming and processing platform. Kafka topics are the units of message feeds in the Kafka cluster. Kafka producer publishes messages into these topics and a Kafka consumer subscribes to topics to pull those messages. With the increased usage of Kafka in the data infrastructure of many companies, there are many Kafka clients that publi...

  6. Archaeological Investigations at 3SF332: An Early Mississippian and Tenant Period Site on Cutoff Bayou, St. Francis County, Arkansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    socioeconomic status of different historic ceramics and, following Miller, many archaeologists are now focusing their analyses on decorative motifs and...Survey Research Series 13. Munsell Soil Color Charts 1990 Munsell Soil Color Charts. Munsell Color, MacBeth Division of Kollmorgen Instruments Corporation

  7. 77 FR 28741 - The Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA): Changes to the Section 8 Tenant-Based...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ... inclusion of cooperative housing under Sec. 983.2(b) and Sec. 983.2(c)(7)(ii) is outdated. Additionally... inclusion of this requirement in 24 CFR 983.211 will eliminate any possible ambiguity about the application..., need not choose between the elderly or disabled families, but may give a preference to both...

  8. Airpower’s Master Tenant and Anti-Access/Area Denial: Hope Is Not a Course of Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-13

    reorganize airborne packages as future aircraft log on to servers in a concept similar to fantasy football mock drafts or online poker rooms. This use of...orbit. Such a capability not only threatens the GPS constellation, but would “allow China to threaten the U.S. military’s ability to detect foreign

  9. Event Management Application in Go-food Culinary Festival with 50 Best Merchants and Road to Go-food Culinary Festival as a Tenant Manager and Sponsorship

    OpenAIRE

    Syahida Istiqamah, Nazhara; Setyabudi, Djoko

    2017-01-01

    GO-FOOD, a service featured by go-jek to provide food delivery service. More than 500 restaurants have built partnerships with GO-FOOD Semarang. GO-JEK Semarang also wanted to held an event that was provided by GO-FOOD Semarang itself. GO-FOOD Culinary Festival with 50 best merchants, themed Journey to independence day tells us the Indonesian national history to set free from Colonialists. There was also an event named road to GO-FOOD Culinary Festival as the series of its event held on three...

  10. ‘‘Neither do these tenants or their children emigrate’’: famine and transatlantic emigration from Finland in the nineteenth century

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Newby, Andrew G.

    2016-01-01

    **Please note - this is a reprint in book form of the article of the same name (see 2014).**Irish Global Migration and Memory: Transnational Perspectives of Ireland’s Famine Exodus brings together leading scholars in the field who examine the experiences and recollections of Irish emigrants who f...... migration that prefigures its current refugee crisis.This book was originally published as a special issue of Atlantic Studies: Global Currents....... of their traumatic upheaval by their descendants and host societies. The disruptive impact of their mass-arrival had reverberations around the Atlantic world. As an early refugee movement, migrant community, and ethnic minority, Irish Famine emigrants experienced and were recollected to have faced many...... of the challenges that confronted later immigrant groups in their destinations of settlement. This book is especially topical and will be of interest not only to Irish, migration, and refugee scholars, but also the general public and all who seek to gain insight into one of Europe’s foundational moments of forced...

  11. Keeping the Edge. Air Force Materiel Command Cold War Context (1945-1991). Volume 1: Command Lineage Scientific Achievement and Major Tenant Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-01

    Wojnas (the Air Force Base Conversion Agency at the former Griffiss); Mr. Scott Haslett (Hanscom); Ms. Jackeline Gavuardi (Hill); Mr. David Tovar ...General Schriever, and of Air Materiel Command, General Samuel Anderson, countered each other’s proposals for the preferred reorganization, with General

  12. 24 CFR 245.115 - Protected activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Protected activities. 245.115... TENANT PARTICIPATION IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS Tenant Organizations § 245.115 Protected activities... tenants and tenant organizers to conduct the following activities related to the establishment or...

  13. 24 CFR 966.4 - Lease requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... tenant, and a copy of the statement shall be retained by the PHA in the tenant's folder. The PHA shall be... otherwise been rehabilitated successfully (42 U.S.C. 13662). For this purpose, the PHA may require the...

  14. Electromagnetic and thermal modelling of induction motors, by accounting for space harmonics; Modelisation electromagnetique et thermique des moteurs a induction, en tenant compte des harmoniques d'espace

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mezani, S.

    2004-07-15

    This work is interested in the study of the electromagnetic and thermal behaviors of the induction motor. A state of the art is initially drawn up, where we have presented and discussed the current methods dealing with electromagnetic and thermal modeling of induction motors. An electromagnetic model, that uses the 2D complex finite element method to solve the field equations, is developed. The rotor movement is accounted for by coupling the air gap field, for each space harmonic, using the double air gap method. The superposition principle permits the determination of the final solution. To deal with non linear problems, an approach that introduces equivalent reluctivities, is proposed. We have assumed that the saturation is only due to the first space harmonic. A thermal model is elaborated by using the nodal method. The machine is cut up into 11 cylindrical lumped elements, the thermal model represents the juxtaposition of these lumped elements. The electromagnetic and thermal models are, weakly, coupled together for a more precise determination of the temperature distribution inside the motor. In the validation phase of our work, we have designed a test bench that allows specific torque and temperature measurements. The comparison of the calculations and the measurements is satisfactory. (author)

  15. ''Talk To Me!'' - Lessons Learned In Communicating Risks To Tenants And Others Involved In The Department Of Energy's Reindustrialization Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cusick, Lesley T.; Golden, Karen M.

    2003-02-26

    Communicating risk information is more difficult than assessing it. The latter relies on data, formulas, theorems and mathematical relationships that, with some effort, can be logically explained to another person; it's objective. Communicating risks, however, is subjective and relies on personalities, perceptions and predisposition, as well as emotions. Most notably the emotion is fear--fear of the unknown, fear of the message, the messenger, or the impact of the information on something of value to the person asking the questions. The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Operations Office is engaged in a Reindustrialization program to lease (and most recently, to transfer) formerly used facilities to private sector entities. The facilities are located at the East Tennessee Technology Park, originally a gaseous diffusion plant operated to enrich uranium for World War II efforts and later for use as fuel in civilian nuclear reactors.

  16. 24 CFR 983.256 - Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the tenant. (2) If the owner uses a standard lease form for rental to unassisted tenants in the...) of this section. If the owner does not use a standard lease form for rental to unassisted tenants...) The amount of any charges for food, furniture, or supportive services. (d) Tenancy addendum. (1) The...

  17. 24 CFR 5.100 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... has express or implied authority to so consent on behalf of the tenant. The requirements of parts 966... from the tenant or other member of the household who has express or implied authority to so consent on... premises solely for legitimate commercial purposes is not under the tenant's control. Premises, for...

  18. Decision-making on shared sanitation in the informal settlements of Kisumu, Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simiyu, Sheillah; Swilling, Mark; Cairncross, Sandy

    2017-10-01

    Unlike most quantitative studies that investigate decision-making on investing in sanitation, this study adopted a qualitative approach to investigate decision-making on shared sanitation in the informal settlements of Kisumu city, in Kenya. Using a grounded theory approach, landlords and tenants were interviewed to identify sanitation decisions, individuals involved in decision-making and factors influencing decision-making. The results indicate that the main sanitation decisions are on investment, emptying, repair and cleaning. Landlords make investment, emptying and repair decisions, while tenants make cleaning decisions. Absentee landlords are less involved in most decision-making compared to live-in landlords, who rarely consult tenants in decision-making. Tenants make decisions after consultations with a third party and often collectively with other tenants. Sanitation interventions in informal settlements should thus, target landlords and tenants, with investment efforts being directed at landlords and maintenance efforts at tenants.

  19. Restaurant customer satisfaction and return patronage in a Bloemfontein shopping mall

    OpenAIRE

    Hermanus Johannes Moolman

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Restaurants form one of the core components of a mall's retail offering and its tenant mix. In order to successfully manage the tenant mix, research suggests that mall management continuously monitor their tenants' performance through customer satisfaction and return patronage surveys. The purpose of the study on which this article is based, was to gain insight into restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage in a shopping mall context. Research questions: The rese...

  20. Intragroup Socialization for Adult Korean Adoptees: A Multigroup Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kimberly J Langrehr; Deborah Napier

    2014-01-01

    .... Based on the tenants of homophily and social identity theory, it was hypothesized that participants' early racial and ethnic socialization experiences would account for their current intragroup...

  1. An Assessment of Fiscal Year 2013 Beyond Yellow Ribbon Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    that the perception is that the stigma associated with behavioral health issues has decreased. Facilitators and Challenges Facilitators Our assessment...military administrative law, personal property, debt collection, credit issues, immigration -related issues, landlord/ tenant issues, and certified tax...helps ser- vice members with immigration -related legal issues, landlord/tenant issues, and tax preparation. For instance, the program assists in

  2. Cloud Radar: Near Real-Time Detection of Security Failures in Dynamic Virtualized Infrastructures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bleikertz, Sören; Vogel, Carsten; Groß, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Cloud infrastructures are designed to share physical resources among many different tenants while ensuring overall secu- rity and tenant isolation. The complexity of dynamically changing and growing cloud environments, as well as insider attacks, can lead to misconfigurations that ultimately result

  3. 24 CFR 982.309 - Term of assisted tenancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Leasing a Unit § 982.309 Term of... tenant; and (ii) Such shorter term is the prevailing local market practice. (3) During the initial term...

  4. 7 CFR 3560.155 - Assignment of rental units and occupancy policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the features of the unit, borrowers may rent the unit to a non-disabled tenant subject to the inclusion of a lease provision that requires the tenant to vacate the unit within 30 days of notification... the disabled, and marketing of the unit as an accessible unit continues after it has been rented to a...

  5. Who Moves Out of Social Housing? : The Effect of Rent Control on Housing Tenure Choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kattenberg, Mark; Hassink, W.H.J.

    Rent control provides substantial in-kind benefits to tenants of social housing. In the Netherlands these benefits equal almost 40% of the market rent on average. We show that rent control benefits for the 10% tenants with highest income are 5% points higher than the benefits for the 10% with lowest

  6. Improved perceived indoor environment in renovated and energy-retrofitted social housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Henrik Nellemose

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was, among other things, to evaluate how tenants perceived the indoor environment in renovated and energy-retrofitted social housing erected in the 1960s. Tenants answered a questionnaire to quantify problems and satisfaction with the indoor environment before...

  7. 24 CFR 964.415 - Resident board members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Resident board members. 964.415... DEVELOPMENT TENANT PARTICIPATION AND TENANT OPPORTUNITIES IN PUBLIC HOUSING Resident Board Members § 964.415 Resident board members. (a) General. Except as provided in §§ 964.405(b) and 964.425, the membership of the...

  8. 24 CFR 964.308 - Supportive services requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT TENANT PARTICIPATION AND TENANT OPPORTUNITIES IN PUBLIC HOUSING Family Investment... provided. Supportive services may include: (a) Child care, of a type that provides sufficient hours of operation and serves appropriate ages as needed to facilitate parental access to education and job...

  9. 24 CFR 5.309 - Prohibition against discrimination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Urban Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons..., or continued occupancy of, such housing by reason of the person's ownership of common household pets... any tenant of such housing from owning common household pets or having such pets living in the tenant...

  10. A Model for Trust-based Access Control and Delegation in Mobile Clouds (Post Print)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    the cloud provider. To understand these notions, let consider the example of Netflix that uses Amazon’s cloud. A Netflix subscriber is a tenant, while... Netflix is the tenant-as-provider. The provider in this case is Amazon’s cloud. user properties Each user u has a certain set of properties Pu, called

  11. 26 CFR 20.2056A-8 - Special rules for joint property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... held by the decedent and the surviving spouse of the decedent as joint tenants with right of... was acquired by the decedent and the other joint owner by gift, bequest, devise or inheritance. If the... (a noncitizen, but a United States resident), as joint tenants with right of survivorship. In...

  12. INCOMMANDS TDP: Development of Decision Aid Implementation Guidance for the INCOMMANDS Human Factors Design and Evaluation Guide (Elaboration des Directives Relatives a la Mise en Oeuvre de l’Aide a la Decision Pour le Guide de Conception et d’evaluation Tenant Compte des Facteurs Humains - INCOMMANDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    catégories d’aides à la décision particulières suivantes : aides à la gestion de l’information (directives en vue d’optimiser et d’organiser...une prise de décision efficace) et aides au contrôle et à la gestion (directives en vue de réduire les problèmes qui dépassent l’opérateur). Enfin... connaissance de la situation, de la charge de travail et à la confiance manifestées par l’opérateur, et ainsi de suite. Les critères exacts d’après

  13. Pencarian Lokasi Tempat Penyewaan Mobil Daerah Kota Pangkalpinang Berbasis Sistem Informasi Geografis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Delpiah Wahyuningsih; Wirriyawan Azzaki

    2016-01-01

    .... The research objective is to provide facilities for the comfort of the car in Pangkalpinang tenants in finding information about the car rental place, making the application of geographic information...

  14. 24 CFR 511.11 - Project requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... persons, on the basis that the tenants have a minor child or children who will be residing with them, for... requirements and with the affirmative marketing requirements and procedures adopted under § 511.13, for the...

  15. 7 CFR 3560.576 - Occupancy restrictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... facilities because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, familial status, or national origin. (b... household must meet the definition of income eligible as established in § 3560.152 and the tenant or co...

  16. 25 CFR 162.226 - To whom can rent payments be made under an agricultural lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... parties specified in the lease, unless the tenant receives notice of a change of ownership. Unless... managing his/her financial affairs; or (4) We determine, in our discretion and after consultation with the...

  17. Achieving Energy Efficiency Through Real-Time Feedback

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nesse, Ronald J.

    2011-09-01

    Through the careful implementation of simple behavior change measures, opportunities exist to achieve strategic gains, including greater operational efficiencies, energy cost savings, greater tenant health and ensuing productivity and an improved brand value through sustainability messaging and achievement.

  18. 76 FR 38197 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Housing Counseling Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Housing Counseling... provide oversight for agencies approved to participate in the Housing Counseling Program. Specifically... counseling aids tenants and homeowners in ] improving their housing conditions and in meeting the...

  19. 24 CFR 880.606 - Lease requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., color, creed, religion, sex, or national origin. d. The Landlord will provide the following services and... wins. (Omission of such a clause does not mean that the tenant, as a party to a lawsuit, may not have...

  20. 7 CFR 3560.303 - Housing project budgets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... management staff and the borrowers. Chamber of Commerce dues, contributions to local charity events, and sponsorship of tenant activities, are examples. (O) Tax Credit Compliance Monitoring Fees imposed by HFAs. (P...

  1. 24 CFR 5.324 - Implementation of lease provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Urban Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons... with any applicable regulation; and (2) When a Housing program tenant registers a common household pet... a common household pet in his or her unit. ...

  2. 78 FR 18981 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Proposal to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... of a GSA Lease Reform Initiative to improve the lease acquisition process for GSA, client agencies... tenant improvement overhead fees to the architect/engineering fees and lessor's project management fees...

  3. 7 CFR Exhibit I to Subpart A of... - Guidelines for Seasonal Farm Labor Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... basis” is defined as 6 months or less per year. Seasonal housing for the farmworker need not be... which will promote human dignity and pride among its tenants. Section 200 Codes and Regulations...

  4. Constructivism -- Is the United States Making China an Enemy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    theories to include critical theory, postmodernism, feminist theory, historical institutionalism, sociological institutionalism, symbolic ... interactionism and structuration theory.4 One of the fathers of constructivist theory is Alexander Wendt. Wendt posits that there are two basic tenants of

  5. 2014 Texas Military Value Task Force: Preparing for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    lines, waste management, or access to fiber optic cables. 1 The National Defense Authorization Act states that “the Secretary may enter into an...support existing partnerships and pursue new partnerships. Installations may want to examine host-tenant agreements for fair recuperations of tenant...Texas has an abundance of capacity for renewable energy.1 Many installations have the space for large solar arrays and some host renewable waste to

  6. Drivers of Agglomeration Effects in Retailing – the Shopping Mall Tenant’s Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Teller, C; Schnedlitz, P.

    2011-01-01

    Retail and service enterprises seek benefits and synergies from locating their stores within retail agglomerations, such as shopping streets and malls. The aim of this paper is to identify the main drivers of such synergetic or ‘agglomeration effects’ for tenants. A literature review reveals four sets of drivers that are related to the location, the tenant mix, the marketing, and the management of an agglomeration. Based on a survey of 217 managers representing stores that are located in five...

  7. 'All Good Things Must Come to an End': Terminating Co-Ownership Under the 'Old' Partition and Sale Rules

    OpenAIRE

    Conway, Heather

    2013-01-01

    Despite its benefits, co-ownership of land creates problems where relations between the partieshave soured, or one person simply wants to extricate themselves from this arrangement. Theremedies of compulsory partition and sale allow one joint tenant or tenant in common to terminateco-ownership against the wishes of the others, by seeking a court order to this effect. Throughoutparts of the common law world, this has be en based on nineteenth century English legislation namelythe Partition Act...

  8. Allocation d’infrastructures virtuelles en environnements clouds distribués

    OpenAIRE

    Mechtri, Marouen

    2014-01-01

    Cloud computing emerged as a new paradigm for on-demand provisioning of IT resources and for infrastructure externalization and is rapidly and fundamentally revolutionizing the way IT is delivered and managed. The resulting incremental Cloud adoption is fostering to some extent cloud providers cooperation and increasing the needs of tenants and the complexity of their demands. Tenants need to network their distributed and geographically spread cloud resources and services. They also want to e...

  9. Klantgestuurd voorraadbeleid en empowerment. Over Te Woon en andere initiatieven van woningcorporaties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sake Zijlstra

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Central to this dissertation are client driven housing management from housing associations in The Netherlands and the empowerment effects this management has on its tenants. The central issue includes what client driven housing management is (definition, in which ways this can be devised, what the envisioned effects are and which effects this management successfully accomplishes. These are answered using seven sub-questions. The focal point of this research shifts from an exploration of all the initiatives that can be found in client-driven housing management, to the empowerment effect for its tenants of ‘Te Woon’ as one of these initiatives. In this summary, the answers to the seven sub-questions are briefly given. What is client driven housing management (1 is answered by means of a literature study. In this dissertation client driven housing management is defined as “the management which actively involves the tenants in policy formulation and policy implementation concerning the housing quality, price and/or property rights of dwellings”. This definition includes initiatives ranging from kitchen improvement programmes offering a choice of designs, to programme formulation to improve neighbourhood quality. ‘Te Woon’ (also known as ‘the clients’ choice programme’ is included in this definition since it gives the tenants the opportunity to own a home and have control over the home. This has effect on the composition and quality of the (social housing stock. Contrary to normal sales programmes, Te Woon offers the tenants to purchase a dwelling with a discount and offers them a shared risk (by splitting profit or loss at the moment of re-sale between housing association and owner. Moreover, the housing association is obliged to re-buy the home at the moment the tenant offers it. In this way the dwelling always re-enters the housing associations’ portfolio and doesn’t get lost from the social housing stock. How can client

  10. Klantgestuurd voorraadbeleid en empowerment. Over Te Woon en andere initiatieven van woningcorporaties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sake Zijlstra

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Central to this dissertation are client driven housing management from housing associations in The Netherlands and the empowerment effects this management has on its tenants. The central issue includes what client driven housing management is (definition, in which ways this can be devised, what the envisioned effects are and which effects this management successfully accomplishes. These are answered by means of seven sub questions. The focal point of this research shifts from an exploration of all the initiatives that can be found in client driven housing management, to the empowerment effect for its tenants of ‘Te Woon’ as one of these initiatives. In this summary the answers to the seven sub questions are briefly given.What is client driven housing management (1 is answered by means of a literature study. In this dissertation client driven housing management is defined as “the management which actively involves the tenants in policy formulation and policy implementation concerning the housing quality, price and/or property rights of dwellings”. This definition includes initiatives ranging from kitchen improvement programmes offering a choice of designs, to programme formulation to improve neighbourhood quality. ‘Te Woon’ (also known as ‘the clients’ choice programme’ is included in this definition since it gives the tenants the opportunity to own a home and have control over the home. This has effect on the composition and quality of the (social housing stock.Contrary to normal sales programmes, Te Woon offers the tenants to purchase a dwelling with a discount and offers them a shared risk (by splitting profit or loss at the moment of re-sale between housing association and owner.Moreover, the housing association is obliged to re-buy the home at the moment the tenant offers it. In this way the dwelling always re-enters the housing associations’ portfolio and doesn’t get lost from the social housing stock.How can client

  11. Personalization, self-advocacy and inclusion: An evaluation of parent-initiated supported living schemes for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reindl, Marie-Sol; Waltz, Mitzi; Schippers, Alice

    2016-06-01

    This study focused on parent-initiated supported living schemes in the South of the Netherlands and the ability of these living schemes to enhance participation, choice, autonomy and self-advocacy for people with intellectual or developmental disabilities through personalized planning, support and care. Based on in-depth interviews with tenants, parents and caregivers, findings included that parent-initiated supported housing schemes made steps towards stimulating self-advocacy and autonomy for tenants. However, overprotective and paternalistic attitudes expressed by a significant number of parents, as well as structural constraints affecting the living schemes, created obstacles to tenants' personal development. The study calls for consideration of interdependence as a model for the relationship of parents and adult offspring with disabilities. The benefits and tensions inherent within this relationship must be taken into consideration during inclusive community building. © The Author(s) 2016.

  12. Public housing renewal and social determinants of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthurson, Kathy; Levin, Iris; Ziersch, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This article draws on the concept of residential context of housing and its relationship to health. It considers a bundle of changes through implementation of a housing renewal initiative as part of the Carlton Housing Estate Upgrading Project in Melbourne, Australia. Beyond the quality and appropriateness of the housing, pertinent factors explored include social networks, safety and security, and green open space. Data collection for the research project included in-depth interviews with public housing tenants, private residents, and service providers who live on and service the estate, as well as neighborhood observations and participation in on-site events. A key finding was that the relational processes of how tenants were related to by others-specifically, the way housing was reallocated during the processes of renewal-affected social housing tenants' self-perceived health and well-being.

  13. Contracting and the landlord's heating obligation; Contracting und Heizpflicht des Vermieters. Mietrecht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eisenschmid, N. [Deutscher Mieterbund, Berlin (Germany)

    2003-09-01

    The paper produced by Germany's Social Democratic/Green coalition is supposed to facilitate measures for contracting in residential and commercial buildings. However, the federal government has not yet taken any steps to implement this announcement. The legal position remains problematic and disputed. Current published opinion assumes that the landlord practically assigns his heating obligation to the contractor if the latter takes over the supply of heat to the tenants. Consequently, the tenant surrenders his rights of guarantee by the landlord under rental law on conclusion of a heat supply contract. Accordingly, if the heating system malfunctions, the tenant can only turn to the contractor. In the opinion of the author, this legal interpretation requires revision, because it ignores major aspects, e.g. the health and safety requirements for the residential premises. Granting the tenant an extraordinary right to give notice if the heating system fails on one hand while simultaneously allowing the landlord to transfer its full heating obligation to third parties on the other would be a contradictory assessment. The type of heating supply is fundamentally at the discretion of the contracting parties, but restrictions apply. In homes with a shared heating system, the landlord retains, for example, liability for the supply of heat (and hot water) even under a contracting scheme and even if the tenant has been placed under an obligation to conclude an agreement for the supply of heat with the contractor. Under the current tenancy, the landlord may only contract out the heating supply with the tenant's agreement or with the landlord's consent to a clause in the tenancy agreement permitting such a change. (orig.) [German] Bisher ist die Bundesregierung noch nicht aktiv geworden, um Contracting-Massnahmen in Wohn- und Dienstgebaeuden zu erleichtern. Die Rechtslage in diesem Bereich ist nach wie vor schwierig und umstritten. In folgendem Beitrag erlaeutert

  14. Emmendingen. Sustainable construction and renovation. Saving potentials and climate protection; Emmendingen. Nachhaltig Bauen und Sanieren. Einsparpotenziale und Klimaschutz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    A resource-efficient use of energy benefits the climate protection, the environment and the economy. More and more private house owners want to renovate or rebuild their buildings according to these principles. Also tenants have many opportunities to save energy or find an apartment a particularly low energy consumption using an energy certificate. The brochure under consideration is aimed at tenants who want to save energy as well as homeowners who want to renovate their buildings properly. The brochure provides important tips and useful addresses.

  15. Patrimony and production in the rural environments of Buenos Aires. San José de Flores, 1800-1875 Patrimonio y producción en los entornos rurales de Buenos Aires. San José de Flores, 1800-1875

    OpenAIRE

    Valeria Ciliberto

    2007-01-01

    In the present article, I aim to reconstruct the productive characteristics of the crop and grain farms in San Jose de Flores district through the analysis of the information provided by wills and testaments and postmortem inventories. In addition, I approach the study of the investment schemes of the proprietors and/or tenants of these farms in order to outline a socioeconomic and political profile, focusing on those tenants that have obtained the legal property of the lands.En el presente a...

  16. The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-12-01

    This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

  17. 7 CFR 3560.252 - Authorized rental subsidies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorized rental subsidies. 3560.252 Section 3560..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rental Subsidies § 3560.252 Authorized rental subsidies. (a) General. The purpose of rental subsidies is to reduce amounts paid by tenants for...

  18. 49 CFR 24.503 - Replacement housing payment for 90-day mobile home occupants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Replacement housing payment for 90-day mobile home... ASSISTANCE AND REAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION FOR FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS Mobile Homes § 24.503 Replacement housing payment for 90-day mobile home occupants. A displaced tenant or owner-occupant of a mobile...

  19. Rent Control: A Comparative Analysis | Maass | Potchefstroom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recent case law shows that vulnerable, previously disadvantaged private sector tenants are currently facing eviction orders – and consequential homelessness – on the basis that their leases have expired. In terms of the case law it is evident that once their leases have expired, these households do not have access to ...

  20. 24 CFR 214.300 - Counseling services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling services. 214.300... HOUSING COUNSELING PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.300 Counseling services. (a) Basic requirements. (1) Agencies must provide counseling to current and potential homeowners and tenants to assist them...

  1. Security infrastructure for on-demand provisioned Cloud infrastructure services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; de Laat, C.; Wlodarczyk, T.W.; Rong, C.; Ziegler, W.

    2011-01-01

    Providing consistent security services in on-demand provisioned Cloud infrastructure services is of primary importance due to multi-tenant and potentially multi-provider nature of Clouds Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) environment. Cloud security infrastructure should address two aspects of the

  2. 75 FR 41225 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) First Look Sales Method for Grantees, Nonprofit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... those areas termed ``areas of greatest need'' under NSP1, ``target geographies'' under NSP2, and those... appropriate HOC. The subject line for each such email submission must read, ``ATTENTION--NSP NAID PROCESSING.../or occupied the property at the time of the notice of foreclosure, copies of the tenant lease...

  3. 24 CFR 982.316 - Live-in aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Live-in aide. 982.316 Section 982... SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Leasing a Unit § 982.316 Live-in aide... the PHA approve a live-in aide to reside in the unit and provide necessary supportive services for a...

  4. 7 CFR 3560.202 - Establishing rents and utility allowances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... housing tax credit (LIHTC) rents. (d) Utility allowances. In projects where tenants pay the utilities... contributions or rehabilitation loans will not be counted towards reducing rents. (f) Rents for resident manager... rental unit in a housing project when they are acting as a management agent or resident manager as...

  5. A social-scientific and realistic reading of the parable of the Vineyard ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-05-08

    May 8, 2015 ... the builders of the Mafia organization in nineteenth-century Sicily'. grain, fodder, wine or oil (again, presumably to tenants or workers), and recommends that the vilicus not hire the same day labourer (operarius), hired servant (mercennarius) or cultivator (politor) for more than one day (De re rustica 5.3–4).

  6. Integrated project delivery methods for energy renovation of social housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salcedo Rahola, T.B.

    2015-01-01

    European Social Housing Organisations (SHOs) are currently facing challenging times. The ageing of their housing stock and the economic crisis, which has affected both their finances and the finances of their tenants, are testing their capacity to stick to their aim of providing decent and

  7. 26 CFR 1.182-4 - Definition of “land suitable for use in farming”, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (continued) § 1.182-4 Definition of “land suitable for use in farming”, etc. For purposes of section 182, the term land suitable for use in farming means land which, as a result of the land clearing activities... for use in farming by the taxpayer or his tenant only if made to prepare the land which is cleared for...

  8. Counting the cost of housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Michiel Ras; Evelien Eggink; Edwin van Gameren; Ingrid Ooms

    2006-01-01

    Original title: Uitgerekend wonen. The Dutch government exerts a great influence on the housing costs incurred by households. Tenants can apply for housing subsidy, while owner-occupiers can set their mortgage interest against their income tax. These measures have existed for a long time, but

  9. 24 CFR 954.303 - Eligible project costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for permanently and temporarily relocated individuals, families, businesses, private nonprofit...) To refinance existing debt secured by a single-family owner-occupied unit when loaning HOME funds to... assistance and security deposit payments made to provide tenant-based rental assistance for a family. ...

  10. EPA Reaches Settlement with Two N.H. Companies for Failure to Disclose Lead Paint Information or Follow Lead-Safe Work Practices at Residential Property in Manchester

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. EPA finalized a settlement agreement with two N.H. companies for their alleged failure to follow lead-safe work practices and provide proper lead paint disclosure to tenants at a residential property in Manchester, N.H.

  11. Terrorism and its Impact on the Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-01

    University of Maryland Civil Engineering and Environmental Department Project Management Program Scholarly Paper "Terrorism and its Impact on the...15 3.2.7 Mechanical and Electrical .......................................... 16 3.2.8 Developing Technologies ...as in the Petronas Towers) so that tenants can move to another structure if their escape route is cut off. Similarly, if the project is near a chemical

  12. 7 CFR 1466.8 - Program requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... attributable to livestock production, as measured at the national level. (e) NRCS will establish a national... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM... tenant of the land involved in agricultural production or forestry management, the applicant shall...

  13. 45 CFR 400.155 - Other services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... services, as follows: Formal or informal instruction to individuals or families in management of household budgets, home maintenance, nutrition, housing standards, tenants' rights, and other consumer education... as effective and is not available from any other funding source. (i) Citizenship and naturalization...

  14. 24 CFR 401.2 - What special definitions apply to this part?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of general local government. (c) Other terms. As used in this part, the term— Affiliate means an... units in the project, and whose membership is open to all tenants of the project. Unit of local government means the smallest unit of general local government in which the project is located. Voucher means...

  15. 24 CFR 960.253 - Choice of rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Choice of rent. 960.253 Section 960... ADMISSION TO, AND OCCUPANCY OF, PUBLIC HOUSING Rent and Reexamination § 960.253 Choice of rent. (a) Rent... between the two methods for determining the amount of tenant rent payable monthly by the family. The...

  16. 7 CFR 3560.208 - Rents during eviction or failure to recertify.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rents during eviction or failure to recertify. 3560... HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.208 Rents during eviction or failure to recertify. (a) Rents during eviction. If a tenant is appealing an...

  17. 24 CFR 982.507 - Rent to owner: Reasonable rent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner: Reasonable rent. 982... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.507 Rent to owner: Reasonable rent. (a) PHA determination. (1) The PHA may not...

  18. 25 CFR 162.222 - How much rent must be paid under an agricultural lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How much rent must be paid under an agricultural lease... LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases Lease Requirements § 162.222 How much rent must be paid under an... section. The tenant's rent payments may be: (1) In fixed amounts; or (2) Based on a share of the...

  19. 24 CFR 982.509 - Rent to owner: Effect of rent control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner: Effect of rent... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.509 Rent to owner: Effect of rent control. In addition to the rent reasonableness...

  20. 77 FR 76506 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Rent Schedule-Low Rent Housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ... of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Rent Schedule--Low Rent Housing AGENCY: Office... also lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Rent Schedule--Low Rent Housing. OMB Control... information is necessary for HUD to ensure that tenant rents are approved in accordance with HUD...

  1. Influence of building costs on rents of residential property in Owerri ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    completed building accommodation in Owerri the Capital of Imo State without considerations to the tenants' ability to the sustainable rent payment obligations. Field investigation indicated that high costs incurred by developers and expectations of early recoupment of capital and profits from residential building investments ...

  2. 7 CFR 3565.203 - Restrictions on rents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Restrictions on rents. 3565.203 Section 3565.203... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Loan Requirements § 3565.203 Restrictions on rents. The rent for any individual housing unit, including any tenant-paid utilities, must not exceed an amount...

  3. 18 CFR 1306.4 - Rent after acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent after acquisition... ASSISTANCE AND REAL PROPERTY ACQUISITION POLICIES Regulations and Procedures § 1306.4 Rent after acquisition. If TVA rents real property acquired by it to the former owner or former tenant, the amount of rent...

  4. 24 CFR 982.506 - Negotiating rent to owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Negotiating rent to owner. 982.506... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.506 Negotiating rent to owner. The owner and the family negotiate the rent to owner. At the...

  5. 24 CFR 982.521 - Rent to owner in subsidized project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rent to owner in subsidized project... URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.521 Rent to owner in subsidized project. (a) Applicability to subsidized project...

  6. PERAN INKUBATOR BISNIS PERGURUAN TINGGI DALAM PENINGKATAN KINERJA USAHA UKM PANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokhani Hasbullah

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Businesses in food processing plays an important role in the national economy. Facing the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC, the performance of the food SMEs needs to be improved in order to compete in the ASEAN region. One of the institutions that play a role in nurturing the business SMEs is Business Incubators. This study aimed to assess the performance of University Business Incubators in nurturing the incubator tenants and to assess the effect of incubation program on the performance of Food SMEs tenants. Research was conducted at several Business Incubators belong to universities by interviewing managers and tenants of the Business Incubators that have focus on the food processing sector. Data were analyzed using balanced scorecard (BSC. The results showed that most of the University Business Incubators have sufficient performances (75 and only a small portion performs well (17 and excellent (8. Business Incubators in general have several limitations such as limitations in process, quality, and facility in incubation program, low efficiency and financial independence. Business Incubators have contributed in improving the business performance of the tenants by increasing the number of labor, the turnover, the market region, and the access to financial sources.

  7. Business support within business incubators.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratinho, Tiago; Harms, Rainer; Groen, Arend J.

    2009-01-01

    Business incubators (BI) have been established worldwide as tools for company creation and small businesses support. BIs claim to help their tenants by providing them with the optimal conditions for increasing early stage survival. Practitioners and researchers agree that business support is a

  8. 264 Modélisation et estimation de la valeur de la terre agricole dans ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MBETID

    services des communes de Bégoua et de Bimbo qui connaissent les villages où la marchandisation de la terre agricole est courante et en tenant compte des limites administratives. Dans chaque village choisi, nous avons organisé deux types d'entretien semi-directif en octobre et novembre 2012. Un premier entretien avec ...

  9. Estimating the premium for titled agricultural land in Uganda | Alobo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The overlap in land ownership rights for mailo land where two people have claims to the same piece of land, the mailo title holder and the kibanja tenant, placing constraints on its transfer was not reflected in its perceived market price. It was concluded that the current land policy should promote the leasehold system in ...

  10. Early life of an inshore population of West Greenlandic cod Gadus morhua: spatial and temporal aspects of growth and survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swalethorp, Rasmus; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Thompson, A. R.

    2016-01-01

    Understanding the processes that affect fish larval survival and recruitment is a fundamental tenant of fisheries science. Small, isolated fjords are ideal study systems for elucidating early life history processes, as population dynamics are well traced in these partially closed systems. We...

  11. 7 CFR 3560.102 - Housing project management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... responsibilities of each property manager, site manager and caretaker; (iii) Front-line management functions to be... procedures for marketing rental units and maintaining compliance with the Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing... Marketing Plans as well as general marketing plans and efforts. (xi) Review of tenant certifications and...

  12. Unitary Housing Regimes in Transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Bo; Jensen, Lotte

    2013-01-01

    in institutional detail. Both systems have corporatist features, however in Denmark public housing is based on local tenant democracy and control, and in Sweden on companies owned and controlled by the municipalities, combined with a centralized system of rent negotiations. In the paper the present challenges...

  13. Market-based autonomous resource and application management in private clouds

    KAUST Repository

    Costache, Stefania

    2016-10-12

    High Performance Computing (HPC) clouds need to be efficiently shared between selfish tenants having applications with different resource requirements and Service Level Objectives (SLOs). The main difficulty relies on providing concurrent resource access to such tenants while maximizing the resource utilization. To overcome this challenge, we propose Merkat, a market-based SLO-driven cloud platform. Merkat relies on a market-based model specifically designed for on-demand fine-grain resource allocation to maximize resource utilization and it uses a combination of currency distribution and dynamic resource pricing to ensure proper resource distribution among tenants. To meet the tenant’s SLO, Merkat uses autonomous controllers, which apply adaptation policies that: (i) dynamically tune the application’s provisioned CPU and memory per virtual machine in contention periods, or (ii) dynamically change the number of virtual machines. Our evaluation with simulation and on the Grid’5000 testbed shows that Merkat provides flexible support for different application types and SLOs and good tenant satisfaction compared to existing centralized systems, while the infrastructure resource utilization is improved.

  14. The valuation of commercial grain silos | Winckler | Acta Structilia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A grain silo is a unique form of real estate because of its construction, use and income generation. ... Silos are, in essence, income-producing properties, but because the tenant is the owner of grain and oilseed, the income produced by the silo fluctuates from year to year depending on the size of annual grain harvests.

  15. 24 CFR 58.35 - Categorical exclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Tenant-based rental assistance; (2) Supportive services including, but not limited to, health care, housing services, permanent housing placement, day care, nutritional services, short-term payments for... Environmental Review Process: Documentation, Range of Activities, Project Aggregation and Classification § 58.35...

  16. 24 CFR 982.315 - Family break-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Family break-up. 982.315 Section... SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Leasing a Unit § 982.315 Family break-up... assistance in the program if the family breaks up. The PHA administrative plan must state PHA policies on how...

  17. Systems Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    de sortie du madull, davs one chatne -de disposer dans chaque chate de toutes lee irnformations utilisies poue laborer lea variables imlses par le...functions" Cetta function choic its teonctions A activer, en tenant compte des demandas du piloce et de critAras d’excluaion mutuslie dea functiona

  18. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NESG PUBLICATIONS

    and Cline, 1998). Measures aimed at redistribution of land consist of three distinct phases: expropriation distribution and organisation of new farms. The actual measures of land redistribution will depend on whether the reform only aims at changing the status of tenant cultivators to owners without otherwise affecting the.

  19. 23rd Annual National Logistics Conference and Exhibition - Actionable Logistics, Resilient Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-22

    Texas - San Antonio Michigan - Sterling Heights Missouri - Weldon Spring Florida - Jacksonville South Carolina - Charleston Georgia - Warner Robins...Battlefield Reality from Military and Industry Operational Logisticians “Mayor Cell Mission – Through C2, Tenant, and Contractor Relationships”, COL...EMSolutions supports numerous programs in various stages including: acquisition, sustainment and disposal . Th e goals/objectives of our acquisition

  20. Society of the Alone: Freedom, Privacy, and Utilitarianism as Dominant Norms in the SRO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Joyce

    1975-01-01

    The social world of the aged SRO tenant is described and analyzed. Characteristic features include an impoverishment of social roles and relationships which result in a "world of strangers." Dominant norms of SRO life which preclude the establishment of intimacy are examined; these include prescriptive norms of privacy, freedom, and…

  1. 24 CFR 966.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... The following terms are defined in part 5, subpart A of this title: 1937 Act, covered person, drug, drug-related criminal activity, federally assisted housing, guest, household, HUD, other person under the tenant's control, public housing, premises, public housing agency, Section 8, violent criminal...

  2. 24 CFR 982.53 - Equal opportunity requirements and protection for victims of domestic violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... protection for victims of domestic violence. 982.53 Section 982.53 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... requirements and protection for victims of domestic violence. (a) The tenant-based program requires compliance...) Protection for victims of domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking. The PHA must apply 24 CFR part 5...

  3. Fires. A Joint Publication for U.S. Artillery Professionals. November - December 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    train Soldiers to shoot their assigned weapons and teaches the tenants of Outcomes Based Training and Education. The outcomes- 434th Field Artillery...Key life experiences and events for this generation were the OJ Simpson trial, the Monica Lewinsky scandal, the dot com bust, the Columbine

  4. 7 CFR 3560.157 - Occupancy rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Multi-Family Housing Occupancy § 3560.157 Occupancy... access. A copy of these rules must be attached to the tenant's lease upon initial occupancy. At a minimum... office locations, hours, and emergency telephone numbers; (8) The restrictions on storage and...

  5. 24 CFR 35.1220 - Ongoing lead-based paint maintenance activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-based paint maintenance activities into regular building operations in accordance with § 35.1355(a). ... maintenance activities. 35.1220 Section 35.1220 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary... STRUCTURES Tenant-Based Rental Assistance § 35.1220 Ongoing lead-based paint maintenance activities...

  6. 41 CFR 102-74.35 - What building services must Executive agencies provide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... grounds maintenance, tenant alterations, minor repairs, building maintenance, integrated pest management... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What building services...-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Occupancy Services § 102-74.35 What building services must...

  7. 77 FR 5743 - Special Anchorage Areas; Port of New York, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... the safety of anchored vessels, and provide for the overall safe and efficient flow of vessel traffic..., which will then become highlighted in blue. In the ``Document Type'' drop down menu select ``Proposed... to leave their anchor lights off during hours of darkness. The majority of their tenants do not stay...

  8. AFRREV IJAH, Vol.1 (3) July, 2012

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Abimbola

    and the Rivers State government sent some youths to learn the art of farming. AFRREV IJAH. An International Journal of Arts and .... about the management and impact of the Gezira Scheme: The centralised management of the ... economic and technical efficiency, producing a dependable core of income to tenants and the ...

  9. Validation d'une méthode de quantification de l'alcoolémie chez les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alcoolémie tenant compte de la disponibilité de nos ressources matérielles et humaines. 2. Evaluer l'alcoolisation chez des conducteurs impliqués dans un accident corporel de la circulation routière. Matériels et Méthodes: Nous avons adapté la ...

  10. 7 CFR 1465.5 - Program requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of ownership or legal control for the life of the proposed contract, including the O&M agreement. An exception may be made by the Chief: (i) In the case of land allotted by the BIA, Tribal land, or other... applicant is a tenant of the land involved in agricultural production, the applicant will provide NRCS with...

  11. La lutte contre l'épidémie : la recherche antitabac du CRDI | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 mai 2017 ... Poursuivre les travaux en cours pour la lutte antitabac. Les projets soutenus par le CRDI et leurs effets poursuivent leur essor depuis que le Centre a commencé à octroyer de petites subventions en 1994. En savoir plus. La main d'une femme tenant une cigarette allumée ...

  12. Naval Postgraduate School Research. Volume 8, Number 2, June 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    ground force engagements at Yuma Proving Grounds this Fall. Hurricane Linda NPS Research June 1998 TENANTS MODULAR SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE OF THE JANUS...CPT Robert Payne, USA LT Lanny Rasnick, USN LCDR Markham Rich, USN CAPT Robert Rowsey, USMC Daniel Sakoda (DoD Civ) LT Fred Severson, USN LT Irma

  13. Die samehang tussen teologiese teorie en praxis: 'n Gevallestudie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aussi bon pour nous et nostre salut. La ou il y a droiture, iustice, equite, il nest pas licite daller a lencontre ou de contredire. Mais quand avec lequite nostre profit aussi est conioinct luy tenant compagnie, quelle in gratitude seroit ce de ne recevoir pas paisiblement et en douceur desprit tout ce qui est du bon plaisir de nostre ...

  14. Climbing the "Agricultural Ladder": Social Mobility and Motivations for Migration in an Ecuadorian Colonist Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Diane C.; Rudel, Thomas K.

    2004-01-01

    During the early decades of the 20th century in the American Midwest young farming families achieved social mobility by moving up an 'agricultural ladder' through a series of rungs, from unpaid family work, to wage labor, to tenant farming, to a mortgaged farm, and, finally, to full ownership of a farm. In this paper we use the concept of an…

  15. Neighbors United for Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westhoff, Wayne W.; Corvin, Jaime; Virella, Irmarie

    2009-01-01

    Modeled upon the ecclesiastic community group concept of Latin America to unite and strengthen the bond between the Church and neighborhoods, a community-based organization created Vecinos Unidos por la Salud (Neighbors United for Health) to bring health messages into urban Latino neighborhoods. The model is based on five tenants, and incorporates…

  16. 24 CFR 983.253 - Leasing of contract units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Leasing of contract units. 983.253... DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED VOUCHER (PBV) PROGRAM Occupancy § 983.253 Leasing of contract units. (a) Owner selection of tenants. (1) During the term of the HAP contract, the owner must lease contract units only to...

  17. 75 FR 47621 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for the North Fork Rancheria's Proposed 305-Acre Trust...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... and associated facilities, which include a main gaming hall, food and beverage services, retail space, banquet/meeting space, and administration space. Food and beverage facilities would include three full service restaurants, a five-tenant food court, a buffet, four bars and a lounge. The hotel would include...

  18. African-American Communities in Economic Crisis: Adult Educators Investing in the Human Capital Development of the Urban Poor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Mattyna L.

    2010-01-01

    Through discourse analysis the research will unearth the tension between the Theories of Human Capital (HCT) and the Work First Policy (WFP), Policies Informing Education (PIE), and Human Capital Development (HCD) as they relate to the labor market. The application of discourse analysis demonstrates how the tenants of HCT are missing components…

  19. Facteurs déterminants de la fragmentation du bloc forêt classée ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alors que les connaissances actuelles sur la fragmentation des massifs forestiers de la région proviennent surtout d'études botaniques, palynologiques et ... facteurs déterminants la fragmentation d'un bloc forestier afin de proposer des stratégies d'aménagement et de gestion durable en tenant compte des considérations ...

  20. Housing and Health: The relationship between housing conditions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    okanlawon

    2011-10-22

    Oct 22, 2011 ... African Journal of Environmental Science and. Technology. Book Review. Housing and Health: The relationship between housing conditions and the health of council tenants. Authors: D. S. ... Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P. M. B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. E-mail: ...

  1. Exploring Intercultural Competence in a Victorian Novel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malgesini, Frank

    2012-01-01

    Although the characters speak English, Anne Bronte's "The Tenant of Wildfell Hall" explores interactions among representatives of different speech communities. The protagonist, Helen Graham, moves through communities differing enough from hers to create misunderstandings. Her difficulties can be clarified through Hymes' model of the speech…

  2. the case of Maphango v Aengus Lifestyle Properties (pty) ltd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Maphango v Aengus Lifestyle Properties (Pty) Ltd 2012 5 BCLR 449 (CC) the question before the Constitutional Court was when a landlord may legally cancel contracts of lease and evict tenants. In answering this question the court had to consider the constitutional protection against arbitrary evictions in section 26(3) ...

  3. Parameter survey of a rib stiffened wooden floor using sinus modes model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjökvist, Lars-Göran; Brunskog, Jonas; Jacobsen, Finn

    2008-01-01

    of the sound insulation for lightweight buildings have the possibility to speed up the development of new techniques and in the end give tenants better quality of life. This study uses Fourier sinus series to calculate the vibrations on a rib stiffened plate. The beams are modelled as line forces and moments...

  4. Nevada Test Site Radiological Control Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radiological Control Managers' Council - Nevada Test Site

    2009-10-01

    This document supersedes DOE/NV/11718--079, “NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual,” Revision 5 issued in November 2004. Brief Description of Revision: A complete revision to reflect the recent changes in compliance requirements with 10 CFR 835, and for use as a reference document for Tenant Organization Radiological Protection Programs.

  5. 24 CFR 248.105 - Notice of intent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the owner intends to extend the affordability restrictions on the project by retaining ownership of... shall be furnished by the Commissioner. Upon the request of any non-English speaking tenants residing in... OF LOW INCOME HOUSING MORTGAGES Prepayments and Plans of Action Under the Low Income Housing...

  6. A realistic and social- scientific reading

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    focuses on a social-scientific reading of GThom 65 through the lens of patronage and clientism and that of honor ..... Tenants: firstly, it is not difficult to discern the intimate connection between the parable and Mark's plot ..... the landlord's network of contacts and influence, protection from other creditors, access to the official ...

  7. 75 FR 3847 - Weatherization Assistance Program for Low-Income Persons

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ...-income tenants. 2. Permission of Owner or Owner's Agent Today's final rule will not alleviate the need... familiar with the needs of their communities. (See OH Partners for Affordable Energy, others) Today's final... the Weatherization Assistance Program for Low-Income Persons. As a result of today's final rule, if a...

  8. Electrical Engineering. Electrical Utilization Systems. Design Manual-4.4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    calculations shall be clearly shown so that any changes that become necessary due to resiting or revisions during construction can be made efficiently. When...mechanical/ electrical systems such as lighting and heating , ventilating and air conditioning, and for multiple tenants within a building. d. Short

  9. 41 CFR 302-3.418 - Will my agency pay for property management services when I am authorized a TCS?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-RELOCATION ALLOWANCE BY SPECIFIC TYPE Employee's Temporary Change Of Station Expenses Paid During Assignment... a private company for a fee, which assists you in managing your residence at your previous official..., obtaining a tenant, negotiating a lease, inspecting the property regularly, managing repairs and maintenance...

  10. 77 FR 26032 - Proposed Information Collection; Control and Management of Resident Canada Geese

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ...-1232-0000-P2] Proposed Information Collection; Control and Management of Resident Canada Geese AGENCY..., operators, and tenants actively engaged in commercial agriculture to conduct damage management control when... conduct (via the State or tribal wildlife agency) resident Canada goose control and management activities...

  11. Social Impacts of the Marking Scheme in Public Housing in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yau, Yung

    2012-01-01

    To improve environmental hygiene in public housing estates in Hong Kong, the Housing Department launched the Marking Scheme for Tenancy Enforcement in Public Housing Estates in 2003. The marking scheme operates as a penalty-point system where sitting tenants will be expelled from their public housing units if they receive penalty points up to a…

  12. Building sustainability

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mass Media

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available proactive,” Van Wyk says. “Demand for greener buildings is slowly beginning to increase among tenants. If asset managers do not take action, the value of assets will depreciate rapidly, and this will make the building obsolete within five years...

  13. Business support within business incubators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ratinho, Tiago; Harms, Rainer; Groen, Arend J.

    2009-01-01

    Business incubators (BI) have been established worldwide as tools for company creation and small businesses support. BIs claim to help their tenants by providing them with the optimal conditions for increasing early stage survival. Practitioners and researchers agree that business support is a

  14. Leadership Styles: An Experimental Study to Determine the Comparative Effectiveness of Democratic and Autocratic Leadership in Adult, "Real World" Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadely, L. Dean; Fadely, Patricia R.

    To study the effect of democratic and autocratic leadership styles upon the commitment and productivity of voluntary adult groups, eight tenant councils, composed of approximately six persons each, were selected to serve as experimental groups. Trained researchers acting as discussion leaders for each council functioned as either democratic or…

  15. 24 CFR 884.215 - Lease requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) contain a provision permitting termination upon 30 days advance written notice by either party. (b... grounds of race, color, creed, religion, sex, or national origin. d. The Lessor shall provide the... to the tenant or any determination by a court of the rights and liabilities of the parties. (6...

  16. 77 FR 50149 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Moving to Work Demonstration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... Local, Non-Traditional assisted families in the PIC system. Agencies have not been reporting these... HUD 50058 MTW--PIC System Change Create a Local, Non-Traditional Assistance ``LN'' program code... subject proposal. Tenant data is collected to understand demographic, family profile, income, and housing...

  17. West Virginia ITS/CVO mainstreaming business plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    This West Virginia ITS/CVO business plan has been developed with the cooperation of the several state agencies that administer CVO programs as well as the West Virginia Motor Truck Association and its members. The basic tenants of this plan include t...

  18. Housing: Issues, policies, solutions

    OpenAIRE

    McBride, E.A.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter will focus on the keeping of pets by individual tenants/residents. It will consider the issues surrounding pet ownership in an integrated society of those who wish to own animals and those who do not. Suggestions will be given to enable housing providers to establish an inclusive policy that incorporates pet ownership in their housing stock / premises.

  19. 78 FR 31451 - Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities in Multifamily Rental Housing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ...-5586-P-01] RIN 2501-AD60 Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities in Multifamily... of such housing to handle the costs associated with pet ownership by tenants. This proposed rule only... occupancy of, covered housing because of the ownership of such pets or their presence in the dwelling...

  20. 24 CFR 5.321 - Lease provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities General Requirements § 5.321 Lease provisions. (a) Lease provisions. (1) PHAs which have established pet... persons with disabilities: (i) State that tenants are permitted to keep common household pets in their...

  1. Personalization, Self-Advocacy and Inclusion: An Evaluation of Parent-Initiated Supported Living Schemes for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reindl, Marie-Sol; Waltz, Mitzi; Schippers, Alice

    2016-01-01

    This study focused on parent-initiated supported living schemes in the South of the Netherlands and the ability of these living schemes to enhance participation, choice, autonomy and self-advocacy for people with intellectual or developmental disabilities through personalized planning, support and care. Based on in-depth interviews with tenants,…

  2. 78 FR 49374 - Rural Development Voucher Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Housing Service 7 CFR Part 3560 RIN 0575-AC96 Rural Development Voucher... agency within the Rural Development mission area, is adding new regulations to implement its Rural... protect eligible multi-family housing (MFH) tenants in properties financed through Rural Development's...

  3. Rental Values in UK Shopping Malls

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yuo, Tony Shun-Te; Lizieri, Colin; McCann, Phillip; Crosby, Neil

    This paper employs a unique dataset to analyse the retail rental levels of 1108 retail tenants in 148 UK regional shopping malls. The dataset integrates information regarding the characteristics of the shopping centre, the individual retailer, the brand, the individual unit occupied, the tenancy

  4. Programme de promotion de l'équité au moyen du renforcement des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    S'impose plutôt un examen - tenant compte des particularités contextuelles, politiques et sociales - des modes d'appropriation de diverses TIC, des groupes qui sont inclus et de ceux qui se retrouvent exclus, et de la ... World Health Organization/Organisation mondiale de la santé/Organización Mundial de la Salud.

  5. 24 CFR 35.1200 - Purpose and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-site play areas and child care facilities. (2) For the purposes of the Section 8 tenant-based... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose and applicability. 35.1200 Section 35.1200 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban...

  6. The political ecology of land management in the oil palm based cropping system on the Adja Plateau in Benin. NJAS - Wageningen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yemadje, H.R.M.; Crane, T.A.; Vissoh, V.P.; Mongbo, R.L.; Richards, P.; Kossou, D.K.; Kuyper, T.W.

    2012-01-01

    The Adja plateau (Benin) is densely populated by tenant and landowner farmers engaged in oil palm based cropping. Landowners use oil palm sap for the production of sodabi (a local spirit), and an oil palm fallow (if no crops are grown beneath the palms) to restore soil fertility. In this area,

  7. The electric comfort in social housing. EDF is going on. Agreements with concrete results; Le confort electrique en logement social. EDF avance. Des engagements aux resultats concrets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    This document deals the wrap-up of the agreement signed between EDF and the HLM Union, in 1997, concerning the quality of the electric heating and warm water in social housing. The convention is described and technical solutions are discussed. The relations with the tenants and the mission of advice are also presented. (A.L.B.)

  8. 1/33 SOME COMMENTS ON WATER RIGHTS IN SOUTH AFRICA N ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    The inclusion of section 27 of the Constitution has granted each South African ... 11 Act 36 of 1998, hereinafter referred to as the National Water Act. ... assist and fulfill an individual's right to social security as contained in s 7(2) of the .... 28 Land Reform (Labour Tenants) Act 3 of 1996; Extension of Security of Tenure Act 62 ...

  9. Eolienne 2.0 du Gridlab: travail de bachelor : diplôme 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Perrin, Vincent; Morand, Gilbert

    2017-01-01

    Mettre en place un modèle simulant le fonctionnement d’une grande éolienne en tenant compte de plusieurs paramètres tels que la vitesse du vent, la vitesse de rotation et le couple de la turbine, l’angle des pâles et le type d’éolienne.

  10. Fair Value Assessment of Private Hostels and Residential Conflicts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This research examined the fair value of hostels in Navrongo. The problem investigated and addressed is increasing conflict prevalent among hostel owners and their student tenants in the Navrongo Campus of UDS. The research design applied was the Mixed Method under the multiple methods choices. A sample of sixty ...

  11. 26 CFR 1.856-4 - Rents from real property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... received by a prime tenant from subtenants by reason of an agreement that rent shall be increased to reflect all or a portion of an increase in real estate taxes, property insurance, operating costs of the... but is in reality used as a means of basing the rent on income or profits. The provisions of this...

  12. Building Community: Principles for Social Work Practice in Housing Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Carol S.; Phillips, Michael H.

    1997-01-01

    Examines the Phipps Houses Group, a nonprofit housing developer, in its attempt to foster a sense of community and family well-being in housing developments. Discusses the community development program and gives a profile of tenants. Suggests that this model should become more common as direct federal housing development diminishes. (RJM)

  13. 76 FR 56781 - Privacy Act of 1974; Notice of a Computer Matching Program Between the Department of Housing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-14

    ... Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Social Security Administration (SSA): Matching Tenant Data in... Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act (QHWRA) of 1998. On March 11, 2009, Section 239 of HUD's 2009... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  14. 24 CFR 92.206 - Eligible project costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ensure that this requirement is met by establishing a minimum level of rehabilitation per unit or a... affirmative marketing and fair housing information to prospective homeowners and tenants as required by § 92... HOME-assisted project. For multi-unit projects, such costs must be allocated among HOME-assisted units...

  15. Science and Technology with Care: Women's Inclusion, Education, and Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Indira

    2000-01-01

    Considers the effect of the negotiation of the principles of care, multiplicity, and integrity on redefining the roles of women. Speculates about what these tenants mean when they are applied to practical situations of teaching, doing scientific research or engineering projects, governing an institution, and planning education. (Author/DDR)

  16. Nevada Test Site Radiological Control Manual. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2010-02-09

    This document supersedes DOE/NV/25946--801, “Nevada Test Site Radiological Control Manual,” Revision 0 issued in October 2009. Brief Description of Revision: A minor revision to correct oversights made during revision to incorporate the 10 CFR 835 Update; and for use as a reference document for Tenant Organization Radiological Protection Programs.

  17. The Afro-American before the Burger Court, 1976-1978: Justice Granted or Justice Denied?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Robert Lewis

    1978-01-01

    Supreme Court rulings during 1976-78 on capital punishment; criminal justice and prisoner rights; busing and school desegregation; discrimination in housing and employment; rights of illegitimates and family relations; abortion, voting rights, tenant landlord relations; and "reverse discrimination" have had a significant impact on Black…

  18. Future Developments for Science Parks: Attracting and Developing Talent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadorin, Eduardo; Johansson, Sten G.; Klofsten, Magnus

    2017-01-01

    Over the years, science parks have developed and improved their processes to offer better support to their tenants and promote the growth of the region in which they are located. Since regional growth is closely associated with groups of talented people, science parks carry out various activities at the company or individual level to attract and…

  19. are point-of-decision prompts in a sports science and medicine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the accumulation of an adequate level of energy expenditure over the course of the day. 8. An option easily accessible ... to require 8.6 times more energy expenditure than the resting state. 9. Regular stair climbing also has ... ing movement of students, staff, tenants, visitors and patients. 4 hours/day (07h00 - 09h00, 16h00 ...

  20. ISSN 1727-3781

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    macuser

    each case have been to render the unlawful tenant homeless since there was no. *. Sue-Mari Maass. BComm (Law) LLB LLD (US). Senior lecturer, Department of Public,. Constitutional and International Law, UNISA (maasss@unisa.ac.za). Thanks to Professor AJ van der Walt and Dr M Du Bois for reading and commenting ...

  1. Home ownership and support for government redistribution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    André, S.C.H.; Dewilde, C.L.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we investigate the relationship between home ownership and support for redistribution in 24 European countries, integrating research on housing regimes and welfare attitudes. We improve upon earlier research by taking into account within-group heterogeneity of owners and tenants, by

  2. 24 CFR 982.310 - Owner termination of tenancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of drugs or alcohol abuse by a household member who is no longer engaged in such behavior, the owner... activity—(1) Evicting drug criminals due to drug crime on or near the premises. The lease must provide that drug-related criminal activity engaged in, on or near the premises by any tenant, household member, or...

  3. 24 CFR 964.135 - Resident involvement in HA management operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... management operations. 964.135 Section 964.135 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing... Tenant Participation § 964.135 Resident involvement in HA management operations. Residents shall be... responsibility for management operations, it shall ensure strong resident participation in all issues and facets...

  4. Defining multi-tenancy: A systematic mapping study on the academic and the industrial perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kabbedijk, J.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/329781693; Bezemer, C.-P.; Jansen, S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/270902902; Zaidman, A.

    2015-01-01

    tSoftware as a service is frequently offered in a multi-tenant style, where customers of the applicationand their end-users share resources such as software and hardware among all users, without necessarilysharing data. It is surprising that, with such a popular paradigm, little agreement exists

  5. 78 FR 17223 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request: Multifamily Housing-Utility Allowance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ...--Utility Allowance Adjustments for Rental Assistance AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing...: Utility Allowance Adjustments for Rental Assistance. OMB Control Number, if applicable: 2502-0352... advise the Secretary of the need for and request approval of a new utility allowance for tenants. Agency...

  6. 78 FR 52009 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Utility Allowance Adjustments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Utility Allowance Adjustments AGENCY... Information Collection Title of Information Collection: Utility Allowance Adjustments. OMB Approval Number... advise the Secretary of the need for and request approval of a new utility allowance for tenants...

  7. Energy conservation in rented buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klingberg, T.; Broechner, J.; Forsman, J.; Gaunt, L.; Holgersson, M.

    1984-08-01

    The bulletin is an anthology of nine essays by different authors addressing the issue of energy conservation in buildings, where there exists a landlord/tenant relationship. After an overview of the rental market and the stock of rental buildings different types of rental contracts and energy charges are described.

  8. 24 CFR 245.120 - Meeting space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Meeting space. 245.120 Section 245... PARTICIPATION IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROJECTS Tenant Organizations § 245.120 Meeting space. (a) Owners of... of any community room or other available space appropriate for meetings that is part of the...

  9. Evicted | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2017-10-20

    Oct 20, 2017 ... Yet many of those displaced still live precariously, in marginal housing on the outskirts of urban centres where property is derelict, transport and services are lacking, and corrupt officials routinely violate tenant's rights. According to a UN fact-finding mission, some 700,000 people lost their homes, ...

  10. Collaborating with a social housing provider supports a large cohort study of the health effects of housing conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Michael G; Zhang, Jane; Blakely, Tony; Crane, Julian; Saville-Smith, Kay; Howden-Chapman, Philippa

    2016-02-16

    Despite the importance of adequate, un-crowded housing as a prerequisite for good health, few large cohort studies have explored the health effects of housing conditions. The Social Housing Outcomes Worth (SHOW) Study was established to assess the relationship between housing conditions and health, particularly between household crowding and infectious diseases. This paper reports on the methods and feasibility of using a large administrative housing database for epidemiological research and the characteristics of the social housing population. This prospective open cohort study was established in 2003 in collaboration with Housing New Zealand Corporation which provides housing for approximately 5% of the population. The Study measures health outcomes using linked anonymised hospitalisation and mortality records provided by the New Zealand Ministry of Health. It was possible to match the majority (96%) of applicant and tenant household members with their National Health Index (NHI) number allowing linkage to anonymised coded data on their hospitalisations and mortality. By December 2011, the study population consisted of 11,196 applicants and 196,612 tenants. Half were less than 21 years of age. About two-thirds identified as Māori or Pacific ethnicity. Household incomes were low. Of tenant households, 44% containing one or more smokers compared with 33% for New Zealand as a whole. Exposure to household crowding, as measured by a deficit of one or more bedrooms, was common for applicants (52%) and tenants (38%) compared with New Zealanders as whole (10%). This project has shown that an administrative housing database can be used to form a large cohort population and successfully link cohort members to their health records in a way that meets confidentiality and ethical requirements. This study also confirms that social housing tenants are a highly deprived population with relatively low incomes and high levels of exposure to household crowding and environmental

  11. Self-management of health care: multimethod study of using integrated health care and supportive housing to address systematic barriers for people experiencing homelessness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsell, Cameron; Ten Have, Charlotte; Denton, Michelle; Walter, Zoe

    2017-04-07

    Objectives The aims of the present study were to examine tenants' experiences of a model of integrated health care and supportive housing and to identify whether integrated health care and supportive housing improved self-reported health and healthcare access. Methods The present study used a mixed-method survey design (n=75) and qualitative interviews (n=20) performed between September 2015 and August 2016. Participants were tenants of permanent supportive housing in Brisbane (Qld, Australia). Qualitative data were analysed thematically. Results Integrated health care and supportive housing were resources for tenants to overcome systematic barriers to accessing mainstream health care experienced when homeless. When homeless, people did not have access to resources required to maintain their health. Homelessness meant not having a voice to influence the health care people received; healthcare practitioners treated symptoms of poverty rather than considering how homelessness makes people sick. Integrated healthcare and supportive housing enabled tenants to receive treatment for health problems that were compounded by the barriers to accessing mainstream healthcare that homelessness represented. Conclusions Extending the evidence about housing as a social determinant of health, the present study shows that integrated health care and supportive housing enabled tenants to take control to self-manage their health care. In addition to homelessness directly contributing to ill health, the present study provides evidence of how the experience of homelessness contributes to exclusions from mainstream healthcare. What is known about the topic? People who are homeless experience poor physical and mental health, have unmet health care needs and use disproportionate rates of emergency health services. What does the paper add? The experience of homelessness creates barriers to accessing adequate health care. The provision of onsite multidisciplinary integrated health care in

  12. Sustainable usability rating system for shopping centres; Kauppakeskusten kestaevaen kaeytettaevyyden arviointi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nissinen, K.; Mottonen, V.; Niemi, R.; Nenonen, S.; Alho, J.

    2012-08-15

    The aim of this study was to create a sustainable usability rating system for shopping centers. The system consists out of seven main factors divided into 80 sub factors. The main factors are: location and accessibility, technical characteristics of the real estate, energy efficiency, waste management and recycling efficiency, tenant mix sustainability, economic prerequisites for tenant business operations and responsible shopping center management. Each of the factors has its own weighting when calculating the total score. Some of the criteria are quantitative some qualitative. The scoring system is equal to opinion score system used in Finnish schools (4-10). The rating system was tested in five large scale shopping centers. Among the rated centers the total score varied from 7.3 to 7.9 and the average score was 7.6. (orig.)

  13. Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-05-01

    This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

  14. Sustainable Renovation Strategy in the Swedish Million Homes Programme: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Lind

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Sweden has a large multifamily housing stock that was built between 1960 and 1975. An important current issue is how this stock can be renovated in a sustainable way. The article analyses a strategy used by a suburban municipal housing company that had clear social ambitions and offered the tenants three options of renovation: Mini, Midi and Maxi. Most tenants chose the Mini alternative which meant that they could afford to stay and that there was no increase in costs for the social authorities. An investment analysis showed that the Mini alternative had a positive net present value, but that the Midi and Maxi alternatives were more profitable. Even though there was no clear environmental focus in the renovation, energy use was reduced by 8%. As a conclusion, the study shows that a sustainable renovation is possible but that there are a number of conflicts between the different dimensions of sustainability.

  15. Imputation of Housing Rents for Owners Using Models With Heckman Correction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beat Hulliger

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The direct income of owners and tenants of dwellings is not comparable since the owners have a hidden income from the investment in their dwelling. This hidden income is considered a part of the disposable income of owners. It may be predicted with the help of a linear model of the rent. Since such a model must be developed and estimated for tenants with observed market rents a selection bias may occur. The selection bias can be minimised through a Heckman correction. The paper applies the Heckman correction to data from the Swiss Statistics on Income and Living Conditions. The Heckman method is adapted to the survey context, the modeling process including the choice of covariates is explained and the effect of the prediction using the model is discussed.

  16. Costs and outcomes of improving population health through better social housing: a cohort study and economic analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bray, Nathan; Burns, Paul; Jones, Alice; Winrow, Eira; Edwards, Rhiannon Tudor

    2017-12-01

    We sought to determine the impact of warmth-related housing improvements on the health, well-being, and quality of life of families living in social housing. An historical cohort study design was used. Households were recruited by Gentoo, a social housing contractor in North East England. Recruited households were asked to complete a quality of life, well-being, and health service use questionnaire before receiving housing improvements (new energy-efficient boiler and double-glazing) and again 12 months afterwards. Data were collected from 228 households. The average intervention cost was £3725. At 12-month post-intervention, a 16% reduction (-£94.79) in household 6-month health service use was found. Statistically significant positive improvements were observed in main tenant and household health status (p housing improvements may be a cost-effective means of improving the health of social housing tenants and reducing health service expenditure, particularly in older populations.

  17. Tenancy and African American Marriage in the Postbellum South.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloome, Deirdre; Muller, Christopher

    2015-10-01

    The pervasiveness of tenancy in the postbellum South had countervailing effects on marriage between African Americans. Tenancy placed severe constraints on African American women's ability to find independent agricultural work. Freedwomen confronted not only planters' reluctance to contract directly with women but also whites' refusal to sell land to African Americans. Marriage consequently became one of African American women's few viable routes into the agricultural labor market. We find that the more counties relied on tenant farming, the more common was marriage among their youngest and oldest African American residents. However, many freedwomen resented their subordinate status within tenant marriages. Thus, we find that tenancy contributed to union dissolution as well as union formation among freedpeople. Microdata tracing individuals' marital transitions are consistent with these county-level results.

  18. Attention oilheat marketers: Turn brownfields into greenbacks using property tax reductions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Airst, R.L. [American Land Recycling Corp., Exton, PA (United States)

    1997-03-01

    A readily available, yet sorely under-utilized, means of enhancing the cash flow of properties burdened with environmental contamination or compliance costs is property tax abatement. Unfortunately, too many oil dealers unknowingly accept the fact that their contaminated properties are presently being taxed as though they were clean. Dealers can also participate in state programs which encourage landowners to cleanup and rehabilitate contaminated sites. Some of these legislative initiatives offer economic and tax incentives which allow owners to revitalize their properties without being fully taxed on any increase in value. Practical guidance is given on how fueloil suppliers can obtain property tax reductions which reflect the economic impact of any prevailing environmental problems. Fueloil companies who lease property can also benefit from property tax reductions. Many commercial leases call for the tenant to pay the property taxes. Tenant/suppliers with this type of obligation benefit when the property taxes are reduced.

  19. A Working Model for Considering Civil Military Operations From the Command (and Control) Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    their operational command and control (C2) functions; in reality this is easier said than done.10 One school of systems theory has found that all...the idea of Gaia .)12 The most important processes of living systems are those concerned with information: sensation, production, distribution...Security Affairs course, U.S. Naval War College, all located at the Monterey tenant campus at the Naval Postgraduate School , Monterey, California. 37

  20. Administration de la justice axée sur les citoyens : un programme ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    On s'attend à ce que la recherche débouche sur la conception d'un outil d'audit social tenant compte des sexospécificités qui servira à sensibiliser les citoyens et des groupes de citoyens à une meilleure ... South Asia. In most South Asian contexts, formal and informal legal systems exist in parallel with overlapping powers.

  1. EMPOWERING IT ENTREPRENEURSHIPS: WHAT’S THE CONTRIBUTION OF BUSINESS INCUBATORS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wescley Silva Xavier

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the contribution of Business Incubators for small IT business. In this way, a deep research in three Brazilian IT Incubators was developed. We investigated the perception of incubators’ managers, tenant and graduated entrepreneurs regarding to the key elements of incubation process, as support and infrastructure, university-incubator interaction, and management training. Our findings indicate some deficiencies in IT Incubators, predominantly in prospecting customers, attracting financial resources, and establishing relationships within universities and research centers.

  2. Determinants of satisfaction amongst occupiers of commercial property

    OpenAIRE

    Danielle Claire Sanderson

    2015-01-01

    In order to maximise occupancy and rental income, landlords must attract and retain occupiers. Therefore landlords and property managers need to understand what aspects of property management matter most to occupiers. This paper uses structural equation modelling and regression to analyse 4400 interviews with retailers, office tenants and occupiers of industrial property, conducted over a 12-year period. Interval-scale ratings of satisfaction with many aspects of occupancy are used as explana...

  3. Sasebo, A Case Study in Optimizing Official Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    standards intended to create common language and toolsets for delivery of installation support applicable in a host-tenant relationship . COLs use a common...Paragraph 2.1.4, 2–4. 7 relationship . COLS use a common framework of definitions, outputs, output performance metrics and cost drivers for each...the single manager for CESE for the Navy.26 C. CURRENT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUDGETARY ISSUES Fiduciary responsibility is more important than ever

  4. The Decline of the Military Ethos and Profession of Arms: An Argument Against Autonomous Lethal Engagements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    application of lethal force by a robotic or computer system which solely relies upon its own internal 4 programming and capabilities to conduct and...occasional professional military education student . The seven generally accepted tenants of jus ad bellum include the requirement for a just cause...his assertion.30 Imagine then an ALE robotic system that does not get tired, afraid, hungry, or homesick ; and does not express feelings of adrenaline

  5. Green Building Construction Thermal Isolation Materials (Rockwool)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Itewi

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Building insulation consisting roughly to anything in a structure that is utilizes as insulation for any reason. Thermal insulation in structures is a significant feature to attaining thermal comfort for its tenants. Approach: Insulation decreases unnecessary warmth loss or gain and can reduce the power burdens of heating and cooling structures. It does not automatically having anything to do with problems of sufficient exposure to air and might or might...

  6. Sécurité de la gestion dynamique des ressources basée sur la prise en compte des profils de consommation en ressources des machines virtuelles, dans un cloud IaaS

    OpenAIRE

    Lazri, Kahina

    2014-01-01

    Hardware virtualisation is the core technology which enables resource sharing among multiple virtual machines possibly belonging to different tenants within cloud infrastructures. Resources haring is the main feature that enables cost effectiveness of cloud platforms, achieved through dynamic resource management. However, resource sharing brings several new security concerns. Several proofs of concepts have demontrated new attack strategies brought by the resource sharing paradigm, known as c...

  7. IOStack: Software-Defined Object Storage

    OpenAIRE

    R. Gracia-Tinedo ; P. Garcia-Lopez ; M. Sanchez-Artigas ; J. Sampe

    2016-01-01

    The complexity and scale of today’s cloud storage systems is growing fast. In response to these challenges, Software- Defined Storage (SDS) has recently become a prime candidate to simplify storage management in the cloud. This article presents IOStack: The first SDS architecture for object stores (OpenStack Swift). At the control plane, the provisioning of SDS services to tenants is made according to a set of policies managed via a high-level DSL. Policies may target storage automat...

  8. 初期中世ドイツにおける荘園構造と農民家族

    OpenAIRE

    山本, 健; Takeshi, Yamamoto; 国際教養科

    1996-01-01

    This paper airms to analyse a document which consists of the donation of Siegfried and the reinvestiture by the abbot-bischop Baturich representing St. Emmeram in order to clarify the connection between the manorial structure and a peasant's family in early-medieval Germany. In an environment of scarce resources, the lord played an important role in reconstructing a fragmented peasant world. The lord managed to create a few larger or more productive holdings for a small number of tenants. On ...

  9. Effects of the Huguenot Diaspora on the American Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    also includes the tenant that salvation may be refused or lost. It is often contrasted with Predestination and the Doctrine of the Elect. Baptist...1555. Doctrine of the Elect. Often simply referred to simply as the Elect, and tied to Predestination . In Calvinistic Theology the group predestined by...John Wesley, teach the Arminian doctrine of Unlimited Atonement. A minority, influenced by George Whitfield, teach the doctrine of Predestination and

  10. evaluation des sequelles chez les victimes d'accidents de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    19 déc. 2007 ... logiques et radiographies périodiques, soins infir- miers, etc.). Parmi ces frais futurs, il faut compter les prothèses. (dents, pavillon de l'oreille...) et les appareillages. (Prothèse auditive…) nécessaires pour suppléer la fonction physiologique atteinte, ils doivent être éva- lués en tenant compte de la fréquence ...

  11. Integrated project delivery methods for energy renovation of social housing

    OpenAIRE

    Tadeo Baldiri Salcedo Rahola

    2015-01-01

    Optimised project delivery methods forsocial housing energy renovationsEuropean Social Housing Organisations (SHOs) are currently facing challenging times. The ageing of their housing stock and the economic crisis, which has affected both their finances and the finances of their tenants, are testing their capacity to stick to their aim of providing decent and affordable housing. Housing renovation projects offer the possibility of upgrading the health and comfort levels of their old housing s...

  12. A Multiple Influence Model of Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    model for research in comparative management . California Management Review, 1964, 7(2), 55-68. Fiedler, F. E. A theory of leadership effectiveness...Systems Theory , Discretionary Leadership 4J ’ This report describes efforts to test a model of leadership effectiveness which centers on "macro...It led to the development of what we have called the "Multiple Influence Model of Leadership ." Basic Tenants of the Theory The theory

  13. Adult learning and naval leadership training

    OpenAIRE

    Hitchcock, Melanie J.

    2004-01-01

    Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited Adult learning embraces andragogy, constructivism, Transformative Learning Theory, praxis, and the understanding that not all adults are prepared initially for complete learning autonomy. The concept of andragogy can be traced to the Nineteenth Century, and the volume of follow-on research has reinforced the basic tenants of adult learning. It is, therefore, valid to expect that adherence to adult learning will indicate one measure of ...

  14. Mejorar y quedarse. La cesión de tierra a rentas por debajo del equilibrio en la Valencia del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Garrido

    2010-01-01

    By custom, in several different regions of Europe tenants were the owners of the improvements they carried out on the farm. As a result of such customs, rents usually remained below the Ricardian equilibrium over long periods of time and therefore cannot be used to calculate the total factor productivity in agriculture. This paper examines the logic underlying the functioning of the custom that came into being in nineteenth-century Valencia. This is followed by a brief comparison between the ...

  15. What can we do to help? Adopting age-friendly banking to improve financial well-being for older adults

    OpenAIRE

    Abood, Maya; Zdenek, Robert; Kali, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores age-friendly banking products and services that better protect and preserve the assets of an aging population. In order to examine the unique financial needs and increase the financial well-being of low-income older adults, the California Coalition for Rural Housing (CCRH) partnered with the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) to conduct an intensive study of over 400 low-income tenants living in subsidized senior housing. CCRH and NCRC recommend that banks de...

  16. Les rôles sexospécifiques et la violence en milieu urbain au Pakistan

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 avr. 2016 ... Pour cette raison, le projet établira un relevé des actes de violence, qu'ils aient été commis en public ou en privé, dans certains quartiers de Karachi et de Rawalpindi/Islamabad; on précisera leur type et leur fréquence, en tenant compte des sexospécificités. Ce sera vraisemblablement le tout premier ...

  17. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2 déc. 2015 ... tenant compte que l'échantillon soit représentatif en respectant la variabilité des personnels médicaux (médecins et pharmaciens), paramédicaux (infirmier, technicien, aides-soignants, secrétaire, ingénieur). Sont exclus de notre étude les services de l'HMIMV n'exerçant pas une activité de soin: logistiques ...

  18. Gender Responsive Community Based Planning and Budgeting ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un outil de planification et de budgétisation communautaire tenant compte des sexospécificités aux fins de la gouvernance locale. Au début des années 1990, le CRDI a ... Répercussions sexospécifiques et sanitaires des plantes génétiquement modifiées dans les pays en développement. De nos jours, le secteur agricole ...

  19. Department of Defense In-House RDT and E Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-10-30

    REINii PROCURED FOR ALL SERVICES CONMUT IN-SERVICE _-NtýINE17INC FUNCTIONS FOR EDO AND SWIMMER WE:APONS SYSTEM 1QOLZ. LCtii[UCT INiIIAL cVALUATION OF...CF AEROSPACE CEFENSE COMMAND ON- ORBIT TRACKING REQUIREMENTS AND SUPPORT OF SPECIAL PROJECTS, DOCUMENTED R&D TESTS AND TENANT ACTIVITIES. ... CURRENT...AND CHECKOUT - AND LAUNCH CONTROL. RANGE SUPPORT INCLUDES NEAR AND FAR TERM RANGE INSTRUMENTATION PLANNING# DATA GATHERING ON BALLISTIC/ ORBITAL /PROFE

  20. Strategies for Controlling Plug Loads. A Tool for Reducing Plug Loads in Commercial Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torcellini, Paul [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Bonnema, Eric [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Sheppy, Michael [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Pless, Shanti [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Plug loads are often not considered as part of the energy savings measures in Commercial Buildings; however, they can account for up to 50% of the energy used in the building. These loads are numerous and often scattered throughout a building. Some of these loads are purchased by the owner and some designed into the building or the tenant finishes for a space. This document provides a strategy and a tool for minimizing these loads.

  1. Virtual machine initiated operations logic for resource management

    OpenAIRE

    Lartey, Nii Apleh

    2009-01-01

    Master i nettverks- og systemadministrasjon This thesis takes a look at an alternative approach to resource management using virtual- ization. The paper makes an attempt at looking at some administrative issues that arise due to current designs of virtualization management especially in multi-tenant virtual hosting environments and possibility of taking advantage of different kinds of offers from different providers through automated operations logic driven management. The a...

  2. Optimization Models for Flexible and Adaptive SDN Network Virtualization Layers

    OpenAIRE

    Zerwas, Johannes; Blenk, Andreas; Kellerer, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    Network hypervisors provide the network virtualization layer for Software Defined Networking (SDN). They enable virtual network (VN) tenants to bring their SDN controllers to program their logical networks individually according to their demands. In order to make use of the high flexibility of virtual SDN networks and to provide high performance, the deployment of the virtualization layer needs to adapt to changing VN demands. This paper initializes the study of the optimization of dynamic SD...

  3. Going with the grain: organising for a purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Cliff; Swarbrick, Gareth

    2014-01-01

    In looking at reform, it is important to understand the longer heritage of the public sector. This suggests a future drawing on mutual ideas and principles as a powerful alternative to private ownership. It involves a new approach to organisational design which underpins a reformed service delivery model. This is examined through the example of Rochdale Boroughwide Housing, the UK's first mutual social housing provider, owned and controlled by its tenant and employee members.

  4. PLCs used in smart home control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barz, C.; Deaconu, S. I.; Latinovic, T.; Berdie, A.; Pop-Vadean, A.; Horgos, M.

    2016-02-01

    This paper presents the realization of a smart home automation using Siemens PLCs. The smart home interface is realized using the HMI Weintek eMT3070a touchscreen, which shows the window for controlling and monitoring the lighting, room temperature, irrigation systems, swimming pool, etc. By using PLCs, the smart home can be controlled via Ethernet and it can be programmed to the needs of tenants.

  5. Diffusion libre du droit est-elle acquise... pour de bon? | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les tenants de la diffusion libre du droit ont toujours soutenu en gros qu'il serait avantageux, pour la société dans son ensemble, de rendre l'information juridique accessible au grand public, car cela aurait entre autres pour effets de permettre plus de transparence et de faciliter l'accès à la justice. Par exemple, la diffusion ...

  6. Navato Center Regulatory Permit Application by Novato Center Inc. Marin County, California Public Notice 10138-33R.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    selection of goods which are usually offered in several dif- ferent stores. Comparison goods include general merchandise , apparel, furni- ture and... supermarket . 77 TABLE 1 7 TYPES OF RETAIL CONCENTRATTONS Neighborhood Cornunity Regional Center Center Center Major Tenants Supermarket Variety store, Two...or more full- and/or drug. discount, or junior line department department store, stores of at least supermarket . 100,000 sq. ft. Typical Retail

  7. A Smoke-Free Community Housing Policy: Changes in Reported Smoking Behaviour-Findings from Waterloo Region, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Ryan David; Ellens-Clark, Stephanie; Nagge, Laurie; Douglas, Ornell; Madill, Cheryl; Kaufman, Pamela

    2015-12-01

    In 2010, Waterloo Region Housing (Canada) enacted a smoke-free (SF) housing policy that made all new leases in their community-housing portfolio (2722 units) 100 % SF. Existing lease holders were 'grandfathered'-meaning tenants could still smoke in their homes. A survey to measure support for the policy and how the policy had impacted smoking behaviour was delivered to all 2722 households in the Waterloo Region Housing portfolio in 2010 (pre-policy), 2011 and 2013 (post-policy). The proportion of households that completed the survey was 26 % (n = 717) in 2010, 25 % (n = 685) in 2011, and 23 % (n = 619) in 2013. Support for the SF housing policy was 72 % pre-enactment (2010), and increased to 78 % in 2011 and 79 % in 2013; however, most smokers do not support the policy. In 2010, prior to the SF policy, 65 % of tenants who smoke reported someone smoked inside their home; in 2013 this was reduced to approximately half of smokers (52 %). In 2013, 44 % of smokers reported smoking outside more often than before the SF policy was enacted, almost half of tenants with a smoke-free lease (46 %) and more than a third of tenants who have a grandfathered lease (34 %) reported they smoke less since the smoke-free policy. There has been no significant change in the proportion of respondents (>50 %) who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in their home. This SF housing policy is associated with increased reported outdoor smoking and reduced smoking. Smoke-free policies may support smokers interested in quitting.

  8. Clinical Investigation Program Annual Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-30

    TmDact of Decisional Control on Patient Satisfaction and Selected Health Care Outcome (T).. 278 FAMC TENANT 83/800 The Health Evaluation Project (of the...Lenses (5) Start Date. ]qgg (6) Est Compi Date: UNKNOWN (7) Principal Investigator: (8) Facility: FAMC TOMAS CORONADO, M.D. ENERAL LEONARD WOOD ARMY...85/702 (3) Status: Terminated (4) Title: The Impact of Decisional Controi on Patient Satisfaction and Selected Health Care Outcomes (5) Start Date

  9. NEW TRENDS OF ACHIEVEMENT OF ECOLOGICAL LIGHTWEIGHT WOODEN MATERIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Adelaida Cristina HONŢUŞ

    2014-01-01

    The dominant trend both abroad and in our country is phasing out heavy concrete and replace them with alternative building materials that meet tenants health and the environment. Thus arose "green homes" made with organic materials, among which the most important is wood. One such alternative material consists of chipboard with cement or concrete. Material, in the form of plates or bricks, has a configuration of several layers, with the sides of the wood fibers bonded with cement, concrete an...

  10. 77 FR 26304 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Healthcare Facility Documents: Proposed Revisions and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... the lender as security for the loan. Operators and master tenants provide Uniform Commercial Code (UCC... Note...... 7 2 14 0.50 7 75 525 HUD-91128-OHP Initial Operating 11 5 55 1.25 69 83 5,729 Deficit Escrow... Sponsors. HUD-92476B-OHP Escrow Agreement for 12 4.8 57.6 0.50 29 75 2,160 Operating Deficits. HUD-92464...

  11. Bay Springs Mill: Historical Archaeology of a Rural Mississippi Cotton Milling Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-30

    middleman in a largely cashless society , providing laborers and tenants with supplies, buying their cotton and produce, redistributing produce within...understandings, enabling a society or group of people to cope with daily problems and survive through the generations. Artifacts are the physical...used them? This is especially important in an industrial society where most of our material culture was made by someone other than the user. This

  12. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

    2013-10-01

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to implement and study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating control systems in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded.

  13. Nursing perspectives on palliative care 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitch, Margaret I; Fliedner, Monika C; O'Connor, Margaret

    2015-07-01

    Nurses have an integral role in promoting and providing early palliative care. The provision of palliative care is aligned to the basic tenants of nursing in providing holistic care to individuals and family members. In many parts of the world nurses are the primary health care provider in a community and a primary link between patients and other members of the heath care team. Unfortunately, access to accredited palliative care education remains a challenge for nurses.

  14. New Challenges for Asset Managers in the Danish Social Housing Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugbølle, Kim; Engberg, Lars A.

    2004-01-01

    During the 1990s, the social housing sector in Denmark has undergone a number of changes. New trends are forcing asset managers to rethink their roles and strategies. In this changing context, asset managers have been confronted with strategic challenges on three topics: 1. New modes of tenants...... activities in the Danish social housing sector. In conclusion, the paper urges asset managers to develop an institutional readiness for change and to become their own change agents....

  15. Účetní zachycení pachtu obchodního závodu dle české legislativy a Mezinárodních účetních standardů

    OpenAIRE

    Šárka SMUTNÁ

    2015-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with comparison of the accounting treatment of lease of business according to the Czech accounting legislation and international accounting standards, including the identification of the impact of significant items on the financial statements, and in terms of both the landlord and the tenant perspective. The introductory part is devoted to understanding the essentiality of the lease of business, accounting harmonization and introduction of specific standards on the i...

  16. Report of the DHS National Small Vessel Security Summit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-19

    Summit ( AOPA ). This program encourages private pilots to secure their aircraft to prevent possible thefts, which could help impede terrorists. He...adopt the “Lock Up. Look Out.” approach implemented by the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association ( AOPA ). • Security zone: provide much more...Owners and Pilots Association ( AOPA ). This program encourages private pilots to secure their aircraft, get to know their fellow hangar tenants

  17. Management Challenges Fiscal Year 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    housing on military installations and found that DoD officials did not ensure that tenants were properly screened before granting unescorted access to...Management Challenges that cyberspace operations by a range of state and non-state actors have intensified against the DoD. The Commander cited individual...include improved lighting; high-efficiency heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems; double -pane windows, solar and wind electricity, and new

  18. Fiscal Year 2017 Oversight Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    screened before granting unescorted access to installations. Additionally, access badges were issued with expiration dates that exceeded tenants...have intensified against the DoD. The Commander cited individual criminal acts as the most significant number of attacks but noted that nation...high-efficiency heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems; double -pane windows, solar and wind electricity, and new roofs. In FY 2015, the

  19. Steam System Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland - Second Year of Data Collection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jayne [Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, Chicago, IL (United States); Ludwig, Peter [Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, Chicago, IL (United States); Brand, Larry [Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Steam heated buildings often suffer from uneven heating as a result of poor control of the amount of steam entering each radiator. In order to satisfy the heating load to the coldest units, other units are overheated. As a result, some tenants complain of being too hot and open their windows in the middle of winter, while others complain of being too cold and are compelled to use supplemental heat sources.

  20. Security: a Killer App for SDN?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    TELEPHONE NUMBER (Include area code) N/A Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 7 Security: a killer app for SDN? Dongting Yu...cal compromise of switches. This will become increasingly more important as networks get larger and serve more het- erogeneous tenants. Consider the...or inadvertent) though there may be some additional requirements in areas such as finance; Chinese- wall regulations may require a bank to separate

  1. The Student Police Unity League and Intergroup Contact Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Frazier, Joseph B

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Student Police Unity League as an effective program at fostering more positive views of the police from black citizens operating by the core tenants provided by Intergroup Contact Theory. It was expected that black students who participated in the Student Police Unity League would report higher levels of trust, legitimacy, willingness to work with the police, outcome justice, and lower level of perceived racial profiling. While the majority of the ...

  2. Gérer les incertitudes

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    d'affronter l'incertitude en tenant compte de solutions « à faible regret » qui remédient immédiatement aux problèmes et améliorent la résilience aux changements climatiques;. • de trianguler l'information provenant de diverses sources afin de mobiliser de multiples intervenants, d'établir un consensus et de déterminer ...

  3. Autonomisation des femmes | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 oct. 2017 ... Une femme devant un mur rose tenant un celulaire Favoriser l'autonomisation des femmes par l'entremise d'Internet. L'organisme Coding Rights mise sur des approches féministes créatives pour soutenir les droits numériques. Une enseignante qui aide un étudiant dans une salle de classe à Nairobi, ...

  4. Langage C manuel de référence

    CERN Document Server

    Harbison, Samuel P

    1990-01-01

    Traduction de la seconde édition d'un ouvrage de référence de réputation internationale, tenant compte de la proposition de normalisation ANSI C. Plus de 180 fonctions standards sont présentées et les plus récentes extensions du langage sont décrites : affectations de structure, type de données énumération, type de données "void".

  5. ASSURED CLOUD COMPUTING UNIVERSITY CENTER OFEXCELLENCE (ACC UCOE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-18

    security ? Is FedRAMP better than ISO/IEC 27001, SOC 2, or the recently developed C5 at protecting information assurance in cloud environments, and...configuration to tenants. Section 2 Introduction Assured and mission critical cloud computing requires security and isolation both at the compute...to ensure that information does not leak across domain or security level boundaries. While MLS systems may be able to ensure this at the application

  6. References

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Albert O., Awe T., Herault G., Omitoogun W., 1995, Informal Channels for Conflict Resolution in-Ibadan, Nigeria (Ibadan: IFRA). Adeagbo A., 2000, Communal Policing: Episodes of Encounters Between the Landlords/Tenants Associations and the State in the Peri-Urban Areas of Ibadan (Research Report Submitted tothe CRD, Kano). Ado Kurawa; 2004, Mallam Ibrahim Shekarau and the Press: An Analytical Survey (Kano: Trans West Africa Limited). Agbola T. and Sobanjo, 2003, “The Management of Urban Violen...

  7. Les traumatismes fermés du rein: Notre expérience dans la prise en charge thérapeutique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Labyad

    2013-12-01

    Conclusion: Devant l’évolution favorable de nos patients ayant eu une simple surveillance et tenant compte des résultats de la littérature, nous pensons qu’en l’absence de lésions intra-abdominales associées ou d’instabilité hémodynamique, la simple surveillance reste la méthode thérapeutique de choix

  8. Bootstrapping and Maintaining Trust in the Cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    cloud. Option 3 is a good trade -off between cost and performance for a small cloud tenant with only tens of nodes or who can tolerate a longer detection...increased complex- ity. In Section 5, we examine the performance trade -offs of these options including a low-cost registrar and CV appli- ance (Option 3...keylime in approximately 5,000 lines of Python in four components: registrar, node, CV, and ten- ant. We use the IBM Software Trusted Platform module

  9. West Europe Report, No. 2174.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-15

    some bushes. A little later, two sport shoes were found, which presumably belonged to one of the fugitives. The fact that the two patrol officers...Tenants’ Association 58 Cooperative/OK [expansion unknown] 106 Swedish Peace Committee 118 Swedish-Soviet League 99 Swedish-GDR League 55 Sports ... Albin Hansson, among others, continued an unrelenting line. Since Hansson at that time was well to the left of Branting, it would have been natural to

  10. Planning, housing and participation in Britain, 1968-1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapely, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The history of planning and social housing in post-war Britain has been dominated by the role of the state, local government, professionals (planners, architects, civil servants) and developers. This is hardly surprising, given that the partnerships created around these groups dominated the slum clearance and building process. The tenants have been absent from the 'history' because they were missing from the process. However, in the 1960s and 1970s the concept of participation began to emerge. It grew from broader social and cultural changes brought about through the emergence of welfare, consumerism and an ever greater awareness of 'rights'. The idea of participation was to increase participatory democracy by involving people in the planning process, by recognizing their rights to be involved in decisions which impacted on their lives. The state promoted the idea through legislation, but in practice the concept proved difficult to implement. Local authorities saw participation, at best, as a means of smoothing the planning process through the dissemination of ideas, thus limiting any scope for meaningful participation schemes. This article will look at the tension between the ideal and practice. It will also consider the reaction of many tenants who, frustrated at the attitude and policies forced on them by local government, became galvanized into action, creating tenant groups that would give their communities a voice.

  11. End-to-end Information Flow Security Model for Software-Defined Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ju. Chaly

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Software-defined networks (SDN are a novel paradigm of networking which became an enabler technology for many modern applications such as network virtualization, policy-based access control and many others. Software can provide flexibility and fast-paced innovations in the networking; however, it has a complex nature. In this connection there is an increasing necessity of means for assuring its correctness and security. Abstract models for SDN can tackle these challenges. This paper addresses to confidentiality and some integrity properties of SDNs. These are critical properties for multi-tenant SDN environments, since the network management software must ensure that no confidential data of one tenant are leaked to other tenants in spite of using the same physical infrastructure. We define a notion of end-to-end security in context of software-defined networks and propose a semantic model where the reasoning is possible about confidentiality, and we can check that confidential information flows do not interfere with non-confidential ones. We show that the model can be extended in order to reason about networks with secure and insecure links which can arise, for example, in wireless environments.The article is published in the authors’ wording.

  12. Land rent and housing policy: a case study of the San Francisco Bay area rental housing market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Stephen E

    2011-01-01

    In the San Francisco Bay Area, where residential rent is among the highest in the United States, an analysis of data from several sources demonstrates that high rent cannot be accounted for by higher quality, higher operating costs, or higher construction costs. At least one-third of the total rent paid is land rent. Despite increases in real incomes, very-low-income tenants in the Bay Area today have less income remaining after payment of rent than tenants did in 1960. High land rent is a long-term feature of the Bay Area rental market that results mostly from its geography, the density of its urban centers, and a strong economy, rather than from regulatory barriers to new multifamily construction. Deregulation is not a sufficient response to the effects of land rent on low-income tenants. Government should subsidize non-profit housing organizations, particularly land trusts that remove residential land from the market. Taxes on land rent would be a particularly appropriate funding source.

  13. The Impact of Farming and Land Ownership on Soil Erosion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Čermáková

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to compare two methods of farming, especially their effect on water soil erosion. The examined methods were (1 large-scale farming, where more than 50% of the land was leased, and (2 small-scale farming, where the land was almost exclusively privately owned. The research area was 8 cadastres in the district of Hodonín, South Moravia, Czech Republic. In these cadastres 48 land blocks representing both large-scale and small-scale farming (i.e. owners and tenants were chosen. The long-term average annual soil loss caused by water erosion (G was calculated using the erosion model USLE 2D and ArcGIS 10.1. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was used for the statistical evaluation of the data. The difference between the soil loss (G on land blocks farmed by small producers (owners and large producers (tenants was significant (p < 0.05. Differences between the values of the cropping-management factor (C were not statistically significant (p = 0.054. Based on the analysis of other variables in the USLE equation it can be stated that a continuous slope length, conditioned by the size of land blocks, played an important role in the amount of soil loss caused by water erosion. Above all, to protect the soil from erosion and maintain soil quality it is necessary to reduce the size of land blocks farmed by tenants and improve the crop rotation systems.

  14. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruch, Russell [Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, Chicago, IL (United States); Ludwig, Peter [Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, Chicago, IL (United States); Maurer, Tessa [Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution, and controls. The imbalance leads to tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity, and inefficient building operation. This research, conducted by Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61°F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1°F to 15.5°F.

  15. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

  16. Personalized Pseudonyms for Servers in the Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Qiuyu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A considerable and growing fraction of servers, especially of web servers, is hosted in compute clouds. In this paper we opportunistically leverage this trend to improve privacy of clients from network attackers residing between the clients and the cloud: We design a system that can be deployed by the cloud operator to prevent a network adversary from determining which of the cloud’s tenant servers a client is accessing. The core innovation in our design is a PoPSiCl (pronounced “popsicle”, a persistent pseudonym for a tenant server that can be used by a single client to access the server, whose real identity is protected by the cloud from both passive and active network attackers. When instantiated for TLS-based access to web servers, our design works with all major browsers and requires no additional client-side software and minimal changes to the client user experience. Moreover, changes to tenant servers can be hidden in supporting software (operating systems and web-programming frameworks without imposing on web-content development. Perhaps most notably, our system boosts privacy with minimal impact to web-browsing performance, after some initial setup during a user’s first access to each web server.

  17. MODEL PENDAMPINGAN UMKM PANGAN MELALUI INKUBATOR BISNIS PERGURUAN TINGGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokhani Hasbullah

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Business incubator in Indonesia has not developed yet as in developed countries. It is caused by a lack of support from the government and the lack of a model of the concept of business incubation as a reference. This study aimed to develop a mentoring model for food processing SMEs through the Business Incubator in higher education. Research was conducted at several Business Incubators belong to universities by interviewing managers and tenants of the business incubators that have focus on the food processing sector. Data were analyzed using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP and SWOT. The results showed that the most effective incubation models for the food processing SMEs is a model of mentoring participatory. SMEs tenants should be involved in any decision-making process and are actively involved in discussions about their business problems and solutions to overcome their problems. Incubation of tenants is carried out for three years covering the stage of pre incubation, incubation and post-incubation. The main program of incubation for SMEs include technical and managerial training, simple accounting, preparation of business plan, facilitating access to capital and marketing.

  18. Des chercheurs d'Afrique du Sud s'attaquent à la question de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 juil. 2012 ... Les travaux de recherche réalisés dans le cadre du projet Gestion des risques climatiques pour la planification de l'agriculture et de l'accès aux ressources hydriques en Afrique du Sud ont été justifiés par la nécessité de se doter de modèles intégrés tenant compte des répercussions des changements ...

  19. The Decent Care Movement: Subsidiarity, Pragmatic Solidarity, and Cross-Cultural Resonance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niforatos, Joshua D

    2016-02-01

    Decent Care is the World Health Organization and The Ford Foundation's joint effort to articulate a healthcare paradigm that makes a patient's voice equal to the voice of the healthcare provider. In this article, the six tenants of Decent Care are outlined with particular emphasis on subsidiarity. Liberation theology's preferential option for the poor maxim is presented and compared with other major world religions to demonstrate the cross-cultural focus of "decency." The power of this paradigm is in its emphasis and proclamation of human flourishing in a healthcare setting, generally speaking, and more specifically, human flourishing in the presence of affliction from chronic disease or dying cross-culturally.

  20. Bilan thermique de la terre et climat

    OpenAIRE

    Fontana, André

    2017-01-01

    La population du globe s’accroit lentement à travers les âges pour atteindre de l’ordre de 1 milliard d’habitants au milieu du XIXe siècle. L’historique des périodes glaciaires fait apparaître à l’évidence des fluctuations du climat totalement indépendantes des activités humaines. Une approche du bilan thermique de la planète fait apparaître les causes possibles de ces énormes perturbations en tenant compte de l’acteur principal - le Soleil, des acteurs secondaires - les catastrophes et de l’...

  1. Cornerstones of Toxicology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, A Wallace; Dixon, Darlene

    2017-01-01

    The 35th Annual Society of Toxicologic Pathology Symposium, held in June 2016 in San Diego, California, focused on "The Basis and Relevance of Variation in Toxicologic Responses." In order to review the basic tenants of toxicology, a "broad brush" interactive talk that gave an overview of the Cornerstones of Toxicology was presented. The presentation focused on the historical milestones and perspectives of toxicology and through many scientific graphs, data, and real-life examples covered the three basic principles of toxicology that can be summarized, as dose matters (as does timing), people differ, and things change (related to metabolism and biotransformation).

  2. Staff Operations: The X Corps in Korea, December 1950

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    into every corner. Unless pruned with an axe it will grow like a fakir’s mango tree, and the more it grows the more it overshadows the general. It...31. Blair, The Forgotten War, 289. Aubrey Smith was later murdered by his wife in Japan while she was apparently under the influence of drugs . See... drink it. It’s all frozen." Colonel Frank Mildren, U.S. Army (ret.), Oral history interview with Lieu- tenant Colonel James T. Scott, 1980, USAMHI, pp

  3. Post Occupancy Evaluation of 23 Newly Renovated Apartments in Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iqbal, Ahsan; Afshari, Alireza

    2016-01-01

    of ventilation systems. The analysis in present article is based on occupants’ perception of the temperature, indoor air quality and energy consumptions of their apartments. The study shows the perception of occupants of first six months of post occupancy. The study was carried out by conducting interviews...... with the tenants. 74% of the total occupants took part in the interviews. 83% of the interviewed occupants as an averaged spend more than 50% of their time inside their apartments. 37% of the total interviewed occupants were satisfied with the current performance of their apartments. Apparently the reason...

  4. Expanding Midscale Solar: Examining the Economic Potential, Barriers, and Opportunities at Offices, Hotels, Warehouses, and Universities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, Lori [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Gagnon, Pieter [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Heeter, Jenny [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-09-01

    The midscale market for solar photovoltaics (PV), defined as behind-the-meter systems between 100 kW and 2 MW, has grown more slowly than other PV market segments in recent years. A number of key barriers have impeded growth, including tenant and landlord split incentives, contracting challenges, the mismatch in building lease and PV financing terms, and high transaction costs relative to project sizes. This report explores prospects for expansion of the midscale solar market, with a focus on four building segments: offices, hotels, warehouses, and universities.

  5. Provivienda: A Factor in the Squatter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elvira Naranjo Botero

    2014-07-01

    later squatted on public lands and vacant municipal properties in population centers and formed part of the Patriotic Union political party. Currently, Provivienda organizes homeless individuals into a movement of tenants and advocates for their full inclusion as citizens with the right to a decent home. A relection on this historical process from the view of current political negotiation between insurgent groups and the government may contribute to the understanding of the causes of the national conlict and to the building of peace with social justice.

  6. Ressources urbaines  : un film réalisé par Créville.org.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dumont

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Il est certains sites internet dont on souhaiterait occulter l’existence, tenir méconnue l’ url de référence, par crainte que la publicité qu’on pourrait leur faire ne vienne, à terme, contribuer à saturer l’efficacité tenant aux contenus qu’ils proposent, ni trop abondants ni pas assez. Cédons malgré tout, pour inviter à découvrir (ou redécouvrir un portail de veille d’informations et de documentations scientifiques en matière d’espace, d’aménagement et ...

  7. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine club

    2017-01-01

    Wednesday 27 September 2017 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber The Tenant Directed by Roman Polanski France, 1976, 126 minutes A bureaucrat rents a Paris apartment where he finds himself drawn into a rabbit hole of dangerous paranoia. Original version French / English; French subtitles       Wednesday 4 October 2017 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber West Side Story Directed by Jerome Robbins and Robert Wise USA, 1961, 150 minutes Two youngsters from rival New York City gangs fall in love, but tensions between their respective friends build toward tragedy. Original version English; French subtitles

  8. La régulation des réseaux numériques par le contrat

    OpenAIRE

    Assoko, Héraclès Mayé

    2006-01-01

    Le développement des réseaux numériques dans la société moderne continue de susciter de nombreuses interrogations tenant essentiellement à l’encadrement juridique des activités y prenant place. La dimension planétaire du réseau Internet et la multiplicité de ses acteurs opère un dessaisissement des États dont les législations inadaptées apparaissent incompatibles avec l’évolution technologique des réseaux numériques. L’Internet induit donc une modification substantielle dans la normalisati...

  9. Bootstrapping and Maintaining Trust in the Cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    version 1.2 uses SHA-1 for measure- ments. TPM specification version 2.0 adds SHA-256 to ad- dress cryptographic weaknesses in SHA-1. Integrity Measurement...limited by bandwidth and requires more costs to maintain resources outside of the cloud. Option 3 is a good trade -off between cost and performance for a... trade -offs of these options including a low-cost registrar and CV appli- ance (Option 3) we implemented on a Raspberry Pi. Once we have created the tenant

  10. Tenure Insecurity, Climate Variability and Renting out Decisions among Female Small-Holder Farmers in Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wisdom Akpalu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Land tenure arrangements in Africa are generally skewed in favour of males. Compared to males, female plot owners face complex sets of constraints and systemic high tenure insecurity which culminate in low yields. In order to obtain better returns, some females rent their plots to males, but risk losing the plots to their tenants. A model has been constructed to explain renting-out decisions of female small landholders, an issue largely ignored in the agricultural economics literature. The results, based on a survey of female landholders in Ethiopia, highlight the factors that explain renting-out decisions.

  11. Le tennis dans le monde: état et prospective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre DUMOLARD

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Le tennis est peu ou prou pratiqué dans tous les pays du monde, mais avec de considérables variations d'intensité. Actuellement, ses points d'ancrage se situent dans les pays développés occidentaux et dans l'ancienne sphère d'influence britannique. En tenant compte de l'évolution démographique et économique possible des nations, des projections de pénétration de ce sport sont établies pour l'horizon 2000.

  12. Taxer pour diminuer l'effet néfaste du tabac à l'échelle mondiale ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 mai 2017 ... La main d'une femme tenant une cigarette allumée. CRDI. La politique fiscale est l'un des outils les plus puissants dont disposent les gouvernements pour réduire les maladies et les décès liés au tabac ainsi que les coûts colossaux des soins de santé afférents. L'article 6 de la Convention-cadre pour la ...

  13. Il segreto di Holmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silio Bozzi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The most famous of detectives, Sherlock Holmes, is not only a relentless solver of mysteries, but is also an enigma himself. Only another investigator may shed light on the hidden contradictions and mysteries of the universe and perhaps on Holmes’s most secret soul. Nothing short of the merciless analysis of another detective, with his or her scientific training, is able to disassemble and reassemble the theoretic and cognitive machinery of the famous tenant of the 221/b Baker Street and discover that some parts will not fall back into place and that nothing, perhaps, will ever be the same…

  14. The Rise of China: Redefining War in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    define war has changed little since that time, neither has what we believe to be the “spoils” of such conflict. The proverb , “to the victor go the spoils...to set the rules is a basic tenant of war. The irony of the proverb about spoils going to the victor originating in the United States is that China...Union] through a game of posturing and economic dominance; it worked. Perhaps the Chinese have learned from our handling of the “Cold War” against the

  15. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    30 juin 2013 ... l'histoire thérapeutique (approvisionnement, durée, efficacité, et tolérance). Le suivi des IAP s'est faite ... le modèle univarié ont été analysées dans un modèle de régression logistique multivariée, tenant compte .... régulièrement à la pharmacie pour l'approvisionnement en ARV de leur enfant durant les 12 ...

  16. Towards Scalability for Federated Identity Systems for Cloud-Based Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Albino Pereira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available As multi-tenant authorization and federated identity management systems for cloud computing matures, the provisioning of services using this paradigm allows maximum efficiency on business that requires access control. However, regarding scalability support, mainly horizontal, some characteristics of those approaches based on central authentication protocols are problematic. The objective of this work is to address these issues by providing an adapted sticky-session mechanism for a Shibboleth architecture using JASIG CAS. This alternative, compared with the recommended distributed memory approach, shown improved efficiency and less overall infrastructure complexity, as well as demanding less 58% of computational resources and improving throughput (requests per second by 11%.

  17. L'agriculture urbaine dans les quartiers défavorisés de la métropole New-Yorkaise: la justice alimentaire à l'épreuve de la justice sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Paddeu, Flaminia

    2012-01-01

    La notion de justice alimentaire irrigue les discours des tenants du food movement aux États-Unis. Elle se traduit par l'essor de l'agriculture urbaine dans les grandes métropoles américaines. Loin de se cantonner à son statut de mouvement de classes moyennes blanches préoccupées par leur bien-être alimentaire, la justice alimentaire cherche à favoriser la sécurité alimentaire des populations pauvres et des minorités ethniques des quartiers défavorisés. Elle introduit dès lors des enjeux de j...

  18. Effets des herbicides sur la physiologie d’une diatomée benthique (Gomphonema gracile) : prise en compte des situations de stress multiples

    OpenAIRE

    Thorel, E.

    2015-01-01

    / Les pollutions agricoles sont une importante cause de dégradation de la qualité des milieux aquatiques et nécessitent l’évaluation de risques écotoxicologiques environnementaux. Cette étude vise à améliorer la compréhension du risque écotoxique en milieu aquatique, en tenant compte de la complexité des expositions réelles des organismes à plusieurs types de stress. L’objectif de ce travail était de mieux cerner l’influence de la lumière sur la toxicité de deux herbicides (...

  19. The Deserted Merced. Possesion and Duty of Properties in Maiz Gordo and Santa Barbara (Jujuy, Argentina, from 1850 to 1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia A. Fandos

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the processes of constitution of public land in the 19th century in Argentina, this article is focused in the particular case of Maíz Gordo y Santa Bárbara (province of Jujuy, where a special phenomenon of the state control occured due to ignore the private rights of a land that was supposed to be deserted. We intend to investigate the different forms and evolution of property rights during this whole event, considering, on the one hand, the expropriated actors and the new owners, and on the other hand, the people who effectively populated them (tenants, ocuppants of fact, etc..

  20. Des oiseaux et des femmes. Quelques remarques sur la grue du fabliau de "Celle qui fu foutue et desfoutue" 

    OpenAIRE

    Pierreville, Corinne

    2006-01-01

    International audience; "Celle qui fu foutue et desfoutue par une grue" est un court fabliau de 160 octosyllabes composé dans le premier tiers du XIIIe siècle par un auteur que le prologue nomme Garin. Une demoiselle d’une grande beauté, fille d’un châtelain, est enfermée par son père dans une tour sous la garde d’une nourrice. Un jour, sa duègne la laisse seule, un instant, pour aller chercher une assiette. Passe un jeune homme tenant une grue dans la main droite. La demoiselle s’extasie dev...

  1. Les Techniques thermiques :Pyrolyse - Thermolyse et Gazéification

    OpenAIRE

    André Fontana

    2007-01-01

    La connaissance du déchet est primordiale si l’on souhaite déterminer le mode de traitement le mieux adapté en tenant compte des circonstances locales et avec l’objectif essentiel d’un développement durable. En effet, en fonction de la composition d’un déchet, le choix d’une valorisation matière ou énergie doit être effectué dans des conditions économiquement acceptables tout en respectant les contraintes environnementales. Le choix d’une technologie doit se faire en relation avec la situatio...

  2. Initiation au Lambda-Calcul (An Initiation into Lambda Calculus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-15

    un style do preuve par r~curronce, qui est ’analogue do la r6currence structurelle traditionnelle des structuros libros , mais tenant compte du fait quo...pas libro dans M. La th6orie do la OT-r6duction nWest pas aussi 6l6ganto quo cello do la 0-r6duction souls, A causo do I’ambiguil:6 dos expressions do...donne 16 typo des variables libros . Pour los variables lies, 11 est usuet do dclarer tour typo done un champ suppl6mentaire do lop6ratour

  3. DEFINE: A Service-Oriented Dynamically Enabling Function Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Wei-Yi

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce an innovative Dynamically Enable Function In Network Equipment (DEFINE to allow tenant get the network service quickly. First, DEFINE decouples an application into different functional components, and connects these function components in a reconfigurable method. Second, DEFINE provides a programmable interface to the third party, who can develop their own processing modules according to their own needs. To verify the effectiveness of this model, we set up an evaluating network with a FPGA-based OpenFlow switch prototype, and deployed several applications on it. Our results show that DEFINE has excellent flexibility and performance.

  4. PENGEMBANGAN INKUBATOR KEWIRAUSAHAAN DI UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suranto Suranto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Business Entrepreneurial Incubator Program (Inwabi programmed for entrepreneurship aims to implement the role of science and technology for entrepreneurship for students at the University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta (UMS. Activities include: recognition, empowerment, improvement of hard and soft skills of students, mental construct of student  entrepreneurship (entrepreneur soft skills, so that students are able to be creators of jobs (job creators not only job seekers (job seekers. The target of the program Inwabi provide assistance to the 20 students in the field of new entrepreneurial small businesses and make at least 50% managed to independently manage their own businesses. Methods of community service Papiku in Inwabi include learning, training and empowerment using the concept of Project Based Learning (PBL, which contains models of mentoring, empowerment: doing, empowering, facilitating and evaluating. Besides PBL also uses Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA of potential exploration-based talent to produce and acquire prospective new entrepreneurs accordance talent / potential of each. Implementation conducted on students who are ready to become tenants, including students PKMK, students starting a new business that already have a business. Inwabi Papiku activities include direct entrepreneurial training and learning (doing, empowered (empowering, facilitated by (facilitating, and evaluated the problem constraints (evaluating for three months. Implementation of assistance Papiku Inwabi carried out cooperation and synergy with the institutions Socialpreneur who have competence in their fields, namely (a the Vocational School, supports hardware-based technology, training, learning and training, (b Talents Center, to support the implementation of potential exploration entrepreneur based talent / potential, (c Kemal Abda, an online shop is a community in the field of internet marketing. Tenant business group in Inwabi activities covering the

  5. 'After we have become a ghetto'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stender, Marie

    2017-01-01

    context evolved into a powerful political technology – fuelled by the so-called ’ghetto-list’ paving the way for thorough physical and social interventions. Buildings are demolished to ’open up the ghetto’, flats are merged to attract new groups of tenants, and housing areas are transformed and renamed...... as a ghetto, but on the other hand side, they also appropriate the notion of the ghetto and use it strategically. The paper introduces the concept of ’dystopian place-branding’ and discusses, how place-making, political technology and the built materiality of architecture interact in dystopian brandscapes....

  6. Flexible Yet Secure De-Duplication Service for Enterprise Data on Cloud Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Chuan, Wen Bing; Ren, Shu Qin; Keoh, Sye Loong; Aung, Khin Mi Mi

    2015-01-01

    The cloud storage services bring forth infinite storage capacity and flexible access capability to store and share\\ud large-scale content. The convenience brought forth has attracted both individual and enterprise users to outsource data service to a cloud provider. As the survey shows 56% of the usages of cloud storage applications are for data back up and up to 68% of data backup are user assets. Enterprise tenants would need to protect their data privacy before uploading them to the cloud ...

  7. Géant-TrustBroker: Dynamic, Scalable Management of SAML-Based Inter-federation Authentication and Authorization Infrastructures

    OpenAIRE

    Pöhn, Daniela; Metzger, Stefan; Hommel, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    Part 7: Identity Management; International audience; We present the concept and design of Géant-TrustBroker, a new service to facilitate multi-tenant ICT service user authentication and authorization (AuthNZ) management in large-scale eScience infrastructures that is researched and implemented by the pan-European research and education network, Géant. Géant-TrustBroker complements eduGAIN, a successful umbrella inter-federation created on top of national higher education federations in more t...

  8. Software for Guidance and Control: Guidance and Control Panel Symposium (52nd) Held in Helexpo, Thessaloniki, Greece on 7-10 May 1991 (Les Logiciels de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    c’esi l’ann6c du consiat de ta crise du togiciel etiVti- t~istiques attendues, it pot 6ventoeltement, apr~s avoir tliisation poor 14 preini~re fois dte...maintenance liable pour le systtme sous Ia forme d’un contrat , en tenant - la conception ordliminaire du logiciel dont l’objectif est compte des diff...algebrique. Rapport de fin de contrat CNES, seIpteinbre 1990 (All the rules about the conventions for these type expressions provided by FP2 can be found

  9. Distributed resource management across process boundaries

    KAUST Repository

    Suresh, Lalith

    2017-09-27

    Multi-tenant distributed systems composed of small services, such as Service-oriented Architectures (SOAs) and Micro-services, raise new challenges in attaining high performance and efficient resource utilization. In these systems, a request execution spans tens to thousands of processes, and the execution paths and resource demands on different services are generally not known when a request first enters the system. In this paper, we highlight the fundamental challenges of regulating load and scheduling in SOAs while meeting end-to-end performance objectives on metrics of concern to both tenants and operators. We design Wisp, a framework for building SOAs that transparently adapts rate limiters and request schedulers system-wide according to operator policies to satisfy end-to-end goals while responding to changing system conditions. In evaluations against production as well as synthetic workloads, Wisp successfully enforces a range of end-to-end performance objectives, such as reducing average latencies, meeting deadlines, providing fairness and isolation, and avoiding system overload.

  10. The impact of Energy Performance Certificates on the rental and capital values of commercial property assets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuerst, Franz, E-mail: ff274@cam.ac.uk [Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, 19 Silver Street, Cambridge, CB3 9EP (United Kingdom); McAllister, Patrick [Real Estate and Planning, Henley Business School, University of Reading, RG6 5UD (United Kingdom)

    2011-10-15

    This paper focuses on the effect of energy performance ratings on appraised capital values, rental values and equivalent yields of UK commercial property assets. The study is based on a cross-section of 708 commercial property assets. Incorporating a range of potential confounding factors such as unexpired lease term, vacancy rate and tenant credit risk, we use hedonic regression procedures to estimate the effect of EPC rating on rental and capital values. The study finds no evidence of a significant relationship between environmental and/or energy performance and rental and capital values. A small subset of 24 BREEAM-rated assets is also tested for significant price effects but a statistically significant effect is only confirmed for equivalent yields. Similarly, there was no evidence that the EPC rating had any effect on Market Rent or Market Value with only minor effects of EPC ratings on equivalent yields. The preliminary conclusion is that energy labelling is not yet having the effects on Market Values and Market Rents that would be expected if high EPC ratings were associated with substantial cost savings that are fully reflected in capital values and/or were readily available and taken into account by prospective tenants and buyers. - Highlights: > Finds no significant effect of EPC ratings on commercial real estate values. > Expected relationships with other price determinants, e.g. age, location confirmed. > Analysis provides some support for effect of EPC and BREEAM rating on yields.

  11. Consequences of a price incentive on free riding and electric energy consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elinder, Mikael; Escobar, Sebastian; Petré, Ingel

    2017-01-01

    This article shows that a simple monetary incentive can dramatically reduce electric energy consumption (EEC) in the residential sector and simultaneously achieve a more desirable allocation of EEC costs. The analyses are based on data from a policy experiment conducted in 2011 and 2012 by a private housing company in about 1,800 apartments. Roughly 800 of the tenants (treatment group) were subject to a change from having unlimited EEC included in their rent to having to pay the market price for their own EEC. This change was achieved by installing EEC meters in each apartment. Tenants in the other 1,000 apartments (control group) experienced no policy change and were subject to apartment-level billing and metering during the entire study period. Using a quasiexperimental research design and daily data on EEC from 2007 to 2015, we estimate that apartment-level billing and metering permanently reduce EEC by about 25%. Moreover, we show that households reduce EEC immediately after being informed that they will be billed for EEC, the reduction is larger when the production cost is higher, and the reduction in EEC comes almost exclusively from households with very high EEC before the policy change. Finally, we show that apartment-level billing and metering are cost-effective, with a cost per reduced kilowatt hour of US$0.01, and for each invested dollar, the social value of reductions in air pollution, including CO2 emissions, is $2. PMID:28265092

  12. Patrimony and production in the rural environments of Buenos Aires. San José de Flores, 1800-1875 Patrimonio y producción en los entornos rurales de Buenos Aires. San José de Flores, 1800-1875

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria Ciliberto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, I aim to reconstruct the productive characteristics of the crop and grain farms in San Jose de Flores district through the analysis of the information provided by wills and testaments and postmortem inventories. In addition, I approach the study of the investment schemes of the proprietors and/or tenants of these farms in order to outline a socioeconomic and political profile, focusing on those tenants that have obtained the legal property of the lands.En el presente artículo reconstruimos a partir de la información proporcionada por testamentos e inventarios post mortem las características productivas de los establecimientos frutihortícolas y cerealeros del partido de San José de Flores. Abordamos, además, el estudio de los esquemas de inversión de los propietarios y/o arrendatarios de estas unidades esbozando su perfil socioeconómico y político, deteniéndonos especialmente en aquellos que han accedido a la propiedad legal de los terrenos.

  13. Spatial Practices in Lowliebenhof: The Case of Maphango v Aengus Lifestyle Properties (PTY Ltd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isolde de Villiers

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In Maphango v Aengus Lifestyle Properties (Pty Ltd 2012 5 BCLR 449 (CC the question before the Constitutional Court was when a landlord may legally cancel contracts of lease and evict tenants. In answering this question the court had to consider the constitutional protection against arbitrary evictions in section 26(3 and the provisions of the Rental Housing Act 50 of 1999. The applicants sought a declaratory order that the landlord had terminated their leases unlawfully, because the termination had been intended to double (and in some instances more than double the rent. The applicants argued that this escalation violated contractual and legislative provisions governing the procedure and conditions under which a landlord can increase the amount of a rental. The Constitutional Court found in favour of the tenants and postponed the appeal to allow any of the parties to lodge a complaint at the Gauteng Rental Housing Tribunal. The narrow focus of this note is the manner in which the Constitutional Court in the Maphango case interpreted the concept of "practice" in the Rental Housing Act and how this in turn corresponds to perceptions of urban spaces. The inquiry is informed by the spatial justice turn and relies on the works of Michel de Certeau, Henri Lefebvre and Doreen Massey.

  14. Rent control and other aspects of tenancy law in Sweden, Denmark and Finland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norberg, Per; Juul-Sandberg, Jakob

    In the Nordic EU member states legislation on landlord’s and tenant’s rights is defined from a socio-economic aspect. The three countries share a common legal »core« which originates from common contract law principles. Tenancy law regulation is different in major areas – especially rent regulation...... the rent regulation regimes in Sweden and Denmark as opposed to the »free market« in Finland. The aim is to draw conclusions on the functionality of the different and whether some things can be learned from the differences in between them. The elements of tenant »ownership rights« in the three countries...... are also compared and leads up to the question of whether they should be assessed as so important in relation to contractual principles that one can state that a tenant has a »right of ownership« to a home in the three countries. Analysing rent regulation regimes understanding the importance of path...

  15. Understanding Stakeholders’ Influence on Project Success with a New SNA Method: A Case Study of the Green Retrofit in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Liang

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Stakeholders strongly influence project success, particularly for complex projects with heterogeneous stakeholders, and hence, understanding their influence is essential for project management and implementation. This paper proposes an original model based on social network analysis (SNA, which first introduces critical success factors (CSFs as intermediate variables between stakeholders and project success. The model can demonstrate the interrelation between stakeholders and CSFs, and the results can reveal how stakeholders influence project success. Green retrofit is a typical type of complex project. The stakeholder relationship in green retrofit projects is more complex than in new projects, since more stakeholders (e.g., tenants and facility managers who have particular interrelations (e.g., lease contract and split incentives between owners and tenants are involved. Therefore, a case study of green retrofit in China was conducted to illustrate how the proposed model works. The results indicated the priorities and similarities of stakeholders in green retrofit. Stakeholders are categorized into five clusters according to their relationship. Based on the results, the important role of stakeholders in green retrofit projects was discussed. The main contribution of this study is providing a novel method to reveal how stakeholders influence the success of complex projects.

  16. Improving the installation of renewable heating technology in UK social housing properties through user centred design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Natalie; Haines, Victoria; Lilley, Debra

    2015-11-01

    Social housing organisations are increasingly installing renewable energy technologies, particularly for the provision of heating and hot water. To meet carbon reduction targets, uptake and installation must allow occupants to use the technology effectively. This paper describes research which investigated the service of installing heat pumps into UK social housing properties, from both landlords' and tenants' experiences. Adopting a user centred design approach, the research was in three phases: an exploration study to investigate landlords' and tenants' experiences of heat pump installation and use; refinement and development of the requirements for improved service delivery, primarily technology introduction and control; and the development and initial evaluation of an information leaflet as a key touchpoint in the service delivery. Recommendations for improved service delivery, to enable heat pumps to be accepted and used more effectively, are presented, as well as reflection on the process of applying user centred design in this context. In a relatively immature area of industry, installations to date have been heavily focused on technical aspects. This paper provides an insight into the human aspects of the service delivery of heat pumps in social housing, providing designers and social housing landlords with insight about how to improve the service.

  17. Strategies and Challenges for Energy Efficient Retrofitting: Study of the Empire State Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    De, B.; Mukherjee, M.

    2013-11-01

    Operational and maintenance cost of existing buildings is escalating making it tough for both the owner and the tenants. Retrofitting them with state of the art technologies help them to keep pace with amended recent code provisions and thus extending the older building stocks one more chance to live responsively. Retrofitted iconic buildings can thus retain their status in commerce driven real estate sector. It helps in reducing green house gas emission as well. World's iconic skyscraper, the Empire State Building (ESB), has undergone an exemplary retrofit process since 2008 to reduce its energy demands. To achieve the goal of operational cost and energy consumption reduction, stiff challenges had taken care in a systematic manner to realize benefit throughout the entire lifespan of the ESB. Least disturbances to the tenant and on-site component handling strategies required precise planning. The present paper explores strategies and process adopted for retrofitting the ESB, and derived insightful guidelines towards operational cost savings and energy efficiency of existing buildings through retrofitting.

  18. Layanan Infrastruktur Komputasi Multitenant dengan OpenStack di Lingkungan MaaS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Ricard Panggabean

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The growth of high-quality computing needs triggers the development of infrastructure that requires huge costs and resources. This research applied OpenStack in Metal as a Service (MaaS environment to provide multitenant infrastructure services in the form of virtual machines (IaaS. The capacity of this IaaS system can be configured based on the needs of the computing resources (CPUs, memory, storage, and network interfaces. Users within the tenant can request infrastructure services as their needs without requiring human interaction with each service provider. Meningkatnya kebutuhan komputasi berkualitas tinggi mendorong pengembangan infrastruktur server yang membutuhkan biaya dan sumber daya besar. Penelitian ini mengaplikasikan OpenStack dalam lingkungan Metal as a Service (MaaS untuk menyediakan layanan infrastruktur multitenant berupa mesin-mesin virtual sebagai Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS. Kapasitas sistem layanan IaaS ini dapat dikonfigurasi berdasarkan kebutuhan sumber daya komputasi (CPU, memori, ruang penyimpan, dan antarmuka jaringan. Pengguna dalam tenant dapat meminta layanan infrastruktur secara mandiri dengan kapasitas komputasi sesuai yang dibutuhkan.

  19. Towards Monitoring-as-a-service for Scientific Computing Cloud applications using the ElasticSearch ecosystem

    CERN Document Server

    Bagnasco, S; Guarise, A; Lusso, S; Masera, M; Vallero, S

    2015-01-01

    The INFN computing centre in Torino hosts a private Cloud, which is managed with the OpenNebula cloud controller. The infrastructure offers Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) services to different scientific computing applications. The main stakeholders of the facility are a grid Tier-2 site for the ALICE collaboration at LHC, an interactive analysis facility for the same experiment and a grid Tier-2 site for the BESIII collaboration, plus an increasing number of other small tenants. The dynamic allocation of resources to tenants is partially automated. This feature requires detailed monitoring and accounting of the resource usage. We set up a monitoring framework to inspect the site activities both in terms of IaaS and applications running on the hosted virtual instances. For this purpose we used the ElasticSearch, Logstash and Kibana (ELK) stack. The infrastructure relies on a MySQL database back-end for data preservation and to ensure flexibility to choose a different monit...

  20. Identifying Critical Factors Influencing the Rents of Public Rental Housing Delivery by PPPs: The Case of Nanjing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingfeng Yuan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The occupancy rate of Public Rental Housing (PRH in China is relatively low due to the unreasonable rents. At the same time, the development of PRH using Public Private Partnerships (PPPs increases the complexity of the rents. Therefore, the critical factors influencing the rents of PRH delivery by PPPs should be identified. Based on the comprehensive literature, this article identified a conceptual model for the factors influencing the rents of PRH delivery by PPPs in China, composed of 14 factors grouped in three factor packages, and discussed the relationships among three factor packages. A survey based on Nanjing was conducted to assess the relative significance of 14 factors. According to the results, six critical factors were identified: construction costs, household income, floor area and structure, transportation, market rents in the same district and public facilities. In addition, the proposed conceptual model had a good fit. The results also supported two hypothetical relationships among three factor packages: (1 the increase of the affordability of the target tenants had a positive effect on the increase of profits of private sectors; and (2 the increase of the affordability of the target tenants had a positive effect on the increase of level of the characteristics of PRH units. For future research, six critical factors and the relationships among three factor packages can be used to determine the reasonable rents for PRH delivery by PPPs in China.

  1. How passive are your activities? An interdisciplinary comparative energy analysis of passive and conventional houses in Linkoeping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karresand, Helena; Molin, Andreas; Persson, Johannes; Aaberg, Magnus

    2009-09-15

    In this study a number of new built passive and conventional houses in the residential area of Lambohov, Linkoeping, are studied. The study compares how the heating system affects the thermal indoor climate for the tenants. Further on, the study also contains in-depth interviews on the expectations on the passive houses of the recently moved in tenants. Also the expectations from the housing company on the tenants and the factors that motivated the actual building of the passive houses are investigated, both out of the housing company's perspective and the perspective of the City of Linkoeping. A bottom-up approach is used to obtain a realistic picture of the household activities that contribute to the passive heating of the building. A transboundary systems approach is applied that is based on the idea of performing an energy system analysis of the passive houses in Lambohov that spans over several system level boundaries. The first system level where the study starts is the household level with the tenants and the thermal loads generated from ordinary household activities. From the household level the study moves further up to the building level where the properties of the building envelope and the heating and ventilation systems are analyzed in the context of the indoor climate and the energy balance of the building. Finally the study moves up to the local level in order to find out what the motives was for the municipality and the housing company to invest in passive houses from the start. Also the effects of an extensive adoption of passive houses would have on the local energy system have been studied in an optimisation study. The aim of the household level is to look at the households' experiences of the passive houses so far and to simulate household activities for comparing the thermal loads of the two types of apartments; The methods used have partly been interviews with the tenants and the housing company and partly field measurements in

  2. Social housing provision for minority ethnic older people with dementia: Findings from a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Valerie; Manthorpe, Gillian

    2017-08-01

    Little research has explored how not-for-profit housing providers, often termed Housing Associations in the United Kingdom, meet the needs of older tenants with dementia who are from black and ethnic minority communities. This article presents findings from an exploratory study conducted in 2015. The study took an audit approach, investigating current practice and policy in 12 Housing Associations. All were developing their understanding of dementia; some were augmenting their standard rented property portfolio to include housing with care provision; and most had policies relating to equalities and diversity and were offering dementia training to members of staff. None appeared to have fully integrated the three strands of housing services, dementia care, and cultural or ethnicity-related needs and preferences. A range of strategies was reported as being developed to meet tenants' changing circumstances. Anxiety about the cost of adaptations was commonly reported, although the nature and extent of this were ill-defined. Discussion focuses on the findings' implications for housing providers and for dementia professionals.

  3. Home dispossession: the uneven geography of evictions in Palma (Majorca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vives-Miró, Sònia

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Affordable housing, either owner-occupied or rented, is regarded as a key element of social reproduction. However, processes of housing commodification and financialization have increasingly resulted in precariatization of the population and the loss of the right to housing. In the Spanish case, neoliberal policies geared to the revalorization of built environments had caused a housing bubble of historical magnitude. Since it burst, a large number of households have been dispossessed of housing, clearly reflected in the avalanche of foreclosures and evictions that hit Spanish cities as the crisis unfolded. This paper focuses on the urban area of Palma (Majorca by analyzing the foreclosures exerted on home­owners and the evictions of tenants who, from the start of the crisis of 2008, have not been able to afford their mortgage payments or rents. These evictions and foreclosures are correlated with the social status of the urban areas affected. The results show that the increase of evictions and foreclosures has emerged unevenly around the city. While tenant evictions have affected all types of urban areas, foreclosures have become much more evident in urban areas of low social status.

  4. Network analysis of eight industrial symbiosis systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan; Zheng, Hongmei; Shi, Han; Yu, Xiangyi; Liu, Gengyuan; Su, Meirong; Li, Yating; Chai, Yingying

    2016-06-01

    Industrial symbiosis is the quintessential characteristic of an eco-industrial park. To divide parks into different types, previous studies mostly focused on qualitative judgments, and failed to use metrics to conduct quantitative research on the internal structural or functional characteristics of a park. To analyze a park's structural attributes, a range of metrics from network analysis have been applied, but few researchers have compared two or more symbioses using multiple metrics. In this study, we used two metrics (density and network degree centralization) to compare the degrees of completeness and dependence of eight diverse but representative industrial symbiosis networks. Through the combination of the two metrics, we divided the networks into three types: weak completeness, and two forms of strong completeness, namely "anchor tenant" mutualism and "equality-oriented" mutualism. The results showed that the networks with a weak degree of completeness were sparse and had few connections among nodes; for "anchor tenant" mutualism, the degree of completeness was relatively high, but the affiliated members were too dependent on core members; and the members in "equality-oriented" mutualism had equal roles, with diverse and flexible symbiotic paths. These results revealed some of the systems' internal structure and how different structures influenced the exchanges of materials, energy, and knowledge among members of a system, thereby providing insights into threats that may destabilize the network. Based on this analysis, we provide examples of the advantages and effectiveness of recent improvement projects in a typical Chinese eco-industrial park (Shandong Lubei).

  5. On call at the mall: a mixed methods study of U.S. medical malls

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background The decline of the traditional U.S. shopping mall and a focus on more consumer- centered care have created an opportunity for “medical malls”. Medical malls are defined as former retail spaces repurposed for healthcare tenants or mixed-use medical/retail facilities. We aimed to describe the current reach of healthcare services in U.S. malls, characterize the medical mall model and emerging trends, and assess the potential of these facilities to serve low-income populations. Methods We used a mixed methods approach which included a comprehensive literature review, key informant interviews, and a descriptive analysis of the Directory of Major Malls, an online retail database. Results Six percent (n = 89) of large, enclosed shopping malls in the U.S. include at least one non-optometry or dental healthcare tenant. We identified a total of 28 medical malls across the U.S., the majority of which opened in the past five years and serve middle or high income populations. Stakeholders felt the key strengths of medical malls were more convenient access including public transportation, greater familiarity for patients, and “one stop shopping” for primary care and specialty services as well as retail needs. Conclusions While medical malls currently account for a small fraction of malls in the US, they are a new model for healthcare with significant potential for growth. PMID:24209495

  6. Development of a hydronic Btu meter for multi-family applications. Final report, March 1, 1990-April 30, 1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staples, E.J.; Watson, G.W.

    1991-12-01

    The objective of the GRI BTU meter development was to provide a low cost metering system for central hydronic heating and cooling systems which are used to determine individual tenant energy usage. A major goal has been achieved with the development of a low cost BTU meter to monitor energy usage in multi-tenant dwellings with centralized hydronic heating and cooling. The system can provide accurate sub-metering and maintenance-free battery operation for 5 years. The BTU meters are capable of independent operation (requiring periodic reading) or can be interfaced to a computer. The application of BTU meters for heating cost allocation (HCA) in multi-family buildings was studied in order to better understand their use in the more general HCA market. At the present time an ASHRAE committee is formulating HCA system standards. Lacking such standards, it was concluded that beta site testing should not be started until HCA standards are released by the ASHRAE committee on allocation methods. Recommendations are to monitor the ASHRAE committees progress and to encourage standards which will enable gas utilities to more effectively compete for multi-family business and market share.

  7. Multifamily Housing Rehabilitation Process Improvements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sweet, Marshall L. [Partnership for Home Innovation, Upper Marlboro, MD (United States); Francisco, Abby [Partnership for Home Innovation, Upper Marlboro, MD (United States); Roberts, Sydney G. [Partnership for Home Innovation, Upper Marlboro, MD (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Rea Ventures Group, LLC, (Rea Ventures) partnered with Southface Energy Institute (Southface) on the rehabilitation of 418 low-income rental multifamily apartments located at 14 different properties in Georgia (Climate Zones 2-4). These 22-year old, individually-metered units were arranged in rowhouse or townhouse style units. Rehabilitation plans were developed using a process prescribed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development program, who partially funded the building upgrades. The USDA is responsible for building, upgrading, and subsidizing housing in rural areas nationwide. In 2012, over $100 million was allocated in grants and loans. Due to the unique financing mechanism as well as long-term ownership requirements, property owners are especially motivated to invest in upgrades that will increase durability and tenant retention. These buildings represent a large stock of rural affordable housing that have the potential for significant energy and cost savings for property owners and tenants. Southface analyzed the energy upgrade potential of one stereotypical property in the Rea Ventures portfolio. This study will provide insight into the most cost-effective, implementable energy efficiency and durability upgrades for this age multifamily housing, having an enormous impact not only on the portfolio of Rea Ventures but on the vast USDA and larger Federal portfolio. Additionally, Southface will identify gaps in the current capital needs assessment process, examine available audit and simulation tools and protocols, and evaluate additional auditor training or certification needs.

  8. Building America Case Study: Rehabilitation of USDA Multifamily Homes, Georgia (Climate Zones 2-4)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-04-01

    Rea Ventures Group, LLC, (Rea Ventures) partnered with Southface Energy Institute (Southface) on the rehabilitation of 418 low-income rental multifamily apartments located at 14 different properties in Georgia (Climate Zones 2-4). These 22-year old, individually-metered units were arranged in rowhouse or townhouse style units. Rehabilitation plans were developed using a process prescribed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development program, who partially funded the building upgrades. The USDA is responsible for building, upgrading, and subsidizing housing in rural areas nationwide. In 2012, over $100 million was allocated in grants and loans. Due to the unique financing mechanism as well as long-term ownership requirements, property owners are especially motivated to invest in upgrades that will increase durability and tenant retention. These buildings represent a large stock of rural affordable housing that have the potential for significant energy and cost savings for property owners and tenants. Southface analyzed the energy upgrade potential of one stereotypical property in the Rea Ventures portfolio. This study will provide insight into the most cost-effective, implementable energy efficiency and durability upgrades for this age multifamily housing, having an enormous impact not only on the portfolio of Rea Ventures but on the vast USDA and larger Federal portfolio. Additionally, Southface will identify gaps in the current capital needs assessment process, examine available audit and simulation tools and protocols, and evaluate additional auditor training or certification needs.

  9. On call at the mall: a mixed methods study of U.S. medical malls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uscher-Pines, Lori; Mehrotra, Ateev; Chari, Ramya

    2013-11-09

    The decline of the traditional U.S. shopping mall and a focus on more consumer- centered care have created an opportunity for "medical malls". Medical malls are defined as former retail spaces repurposed for healthcare tenants or mixed-use medical/retail facilities.We aimed to describe the current reach of healthcare services in U.S. malls, characterize the medical mall model and emerging trends, and assess the potential of these facilities to serve low-income populations. We used a mixed methods approach which included a comprehensive literature review, key informant interviews, and a descriptive analysis of the Directory of Major Malls, an online retail database. Six percent (n = 89) of large, enclosed shopping malls in the U.S. include at least one non-optometry or dental healthcare tenant. We identified a total of 28 medical malls across the U.S., the majority of which opened in the past five years and serve middle or high income populations. Stakeholders felt the key strengths of medical malls were more convenient access including public transportation, greater familiarity for patients, and "one stop shopping" for primary care and specialty services as well as retail needs. While medical malls currently account for a small fraction of malls in the US, they are a new model for healthcare with significant potential for growth.

  10. Design and construction of the NMSU Geothermally Heated Greenhouse Research Facility: Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenmackers, R.

    1988-11-01

    This report describes the design, construction, and performance of the New Mexico State University (NMSU) Geothermal Greenhouse Research Facility. Two 6000-square-foot greenhouses were built on the NMSU campus and supplied with geothermal energy for heating. The geothermal water is pumped from one of three wells producing water at temperatures from 141/degree/F to 148/degree/F. Heat is delivered to the greenhouse space by means of overhead fan-coil unit heaters. The two greenhouses are double-glazed on roof and wall surfaces employing a total of four different film materials: Tedlar/Reg Sign/, Melinex/Reg Sign/, Softglass/Reg Sign/, and Agrifilm/Reg Sign/. One greenhouse is cooled using a traditional fan and pad cooling system. The second greenhouse is cooled with a high-pressure fog system and natural ventilation through roof and side vents. A 2400-square-foot metal building next to the greenhouses provides office, work, and storage space for the facility. The greenhouse facility was leased to two commerical tenants who produced a variety of crops. The performance of the greenhouses was monitored and reported both qualitatively and quantitatively. Results from the tenant's pilot-scale studies in the NMSU greenhouse facility were transferred and applied to two commercial greenhouse ranges that were built in southern New Mexico during 1986/87. 9 figs., 5 tabs.

  11. Replacement of coal-fuelled stoves by modern room heating systems in multistorey dwellings; Abloesung der Kohle-Einzelofenheizung durch moderne Raumheizungssysteme in Mehrgeschossbauten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindner, K. [Institut fuer Energetik und Umwelt gGmbH, Leipzig (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    In eastern Germany, approximately one million residential units in multi-storey apartment buildings are still heated with coal-fired stoves. Not all building societies or private house-owners can afford to substitute modern heating systems for individual coal stoves within the foreseeable future. Problems encountered when modernizing heating systems are described. A way of pre-financing modernization is by loans given by the tenants to the building society. The paper deals with individual aspects, such as contract conditions, organization and experience with this model, as well as its advantages for the landlord and tenant. (MSK) [Deutsch] In Ostdeutschland werden noch rund 1 Million Wohnungen in mehrgeschossigen Wohnhaeuern mit Kohle geheizt. Nicht alle Wohnungsgenossenschaften oder privaten Hauseigentuemer sind finanziell in der Lage in absehbarer Zeit die Kohle-Einzelheizung durch moderne Heizungssysteme abzuloesen. Im Folgenden werden die Probleme bei der Heizungsmodernisierung beschrieben. Der Weg Heizungsmodernisierung durch Mieterdarlehen wird in einzelnen Punkten wie Finanzierung durch Mieterdarlehen, deren Organisation und Erfahrungen mit diesem Modell sowie die Vorteile fuer Vermieter und Mieter dargelegt.

  12. Towards Monitoring-as-a-service for Scientific Computing Cloud applications using the ElasticSearch ecosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagnasco, S.; Berzano, D.; Guarise, A.; Lusso, S.; Masera, M.; Vallero, S.

    2015-12-01

    The INFN computing centre in Torino hosts a private Cloud, which is managed with the OpenNebula cloud controller. The infrastructure offers Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) services to different scientific computing applications. The main stakeholders of the facility are a grid Tier-2 site for the ALICE collaboration at LHC, an interactive analysis facility for the same experiment and a grid Tier-2 site for the BESIII collaboration, plus an increasing number of other small tenants. The dynamic allocation of resources to tenants is partially automated. This feature requires detailed monitoring and accounting of the resource usage. We set up a monitoring framework to inspect the site activities both in terms of IaaS and applications running on the hosted virtual instances. For this purpose we used the ElasticSearch, Logstash and Kibana (ELK) stack. The infrastructure relies on a MySQL database back-end for data preservation and to ensure flexibility to choose a different monitoring solution if needed. The heterogeneous accounting information is transferred from the database to the ElasticSearch engine via a custom Logstash plugin. Each use-case is indexed separately in ElasticSearch and we setup a set of Kibana dashboards with pre-defined queries in order to monitor the relevant information in each case. For the IaaS metering, we developed sensors for the OpenNebula API. The IaaS level information gathered through the API is sent to the MySQL database through an ad-hoc developed RESTful web service. Moreover, we have developed a billing system for our private Cloud, which relies on the RabbitMQ message queue for asynchronous communication to the database and on the ELK stack for its graphical interface. The Italian Grid accounting framework is also migrating to a similar set-up. Concerning the application level, we used the Root plugin TProofMonSenderSQL to collect accounting data from the interactive analysis facility. The BESIII

  13. Backlash and Beyond: The Criminalization of Agrarian Reform and Peasant Response in the Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Franco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the 35 years since the end of the dictatorship in the Philippines many rural poor Filipinos have been caught up in a political battle over the pace and direction of agrarian change. This paper focuses on the political-legal dimension of agrarian conflict in one region, exploring how it has fueled and been fueled by criminalization, particularly the indiscriminate filing of criminal charges against share tenants struggling for recognition as legal land rights holders under the 1988 agrarian reform law. Here, criminalization is a form of landlord retribution against tenants who dare to defy the status quo. The case demonstrates how tenants get “bound by law” – e.g., caught up in inconsistencies in state law and ensnared in costly legalist traps set by powerful landowners threatened with redistribution, but then also leading to innovative collective efforts to activate state officials to step in on the side of peasants to make state law authoritative in society. En los 35 años transcurridos desde el final de la dictadura en Filipinas muchos filipinos pobres de zonas rurales se han visto atrapados en una batalla política por el ritmo y la dirección del cambio agrario. Este artículo se centra en la dimensión político-jurídica del conflicto agrario en una región, analizando cómo ha impulsado y ha sido impulsado por la criminalización, especialmente la presentación indiscriminada de cargos penales contra los aparceros que luchan por que se les reconozcan los derechos de tierra legales, bajo la ley de reforma agraria de 1988. En este caso, la criminalización es la forma que tienen los terratenientes de responder contra los aparceros que osan desafiar el status quo. El caso demuestra cómo los arrendadores están "obligados por ley" - por ejemplo, están inmersos en incoherencias en la ley estatal y atrapados en costosas trampas legalistas puestas por los poderosos terratenientes amenazados con la redistribución, pero al mismo

  14. Experiences from new Swedish passive house projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janson, U. [Lund Univ., Lund (Sweden). Energy and Building Design

    2009-07-01

    Passive houses are common in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, and their use is being considered in Sweden as a means to decrease carbon dioxide emissions and address climate change issues. It is anticipated that the use of passive houses in Sweden may contribute to the country's plan to decrease energy use in buildings by 20 per cent per heated unit area before 2020 compared to 1995 energy use. The first Swedish passive house project was built in Lindas in 2001. The Lindas project includes 20 terrace houses and was built according to the German Passive house standard with a maximum use of space heating of 15 kWh per m{sup 2} per year. Although tenants expressed satisfaction in terms of indoor comfort and reduced energy consumption, not many passive houses have been built in Sweden since the project was launched. Therefore, in 2005, the the Department of Energy and Building Design at Lund University launched 4 new Passive house research projects involving 2 apartment buildings, 1 family house and 1 renovation project. The main purpose was to gain information on the entire building process and determine what knowledge, components and systems are required for widespread construction of passive houses in a cold climate. Only residential buildings were studied for this project. The passive houses were closely followed from the clients decision to build a passive house, through the planning process, the building process, measurements of actual energy use after the tenants moved in and the tenants' opinions on living in a passive house. The study showed that passive houses offer high indoor comfort with low energy requirement for heating. One of the passive houses consumed 44 kWh per m{sup 2} per year of district heating for heating and domestic hot water, which constitutes a 72 per cent reduction compared to the Swedish average of 160 kWh per m{sup 2} per year. There is no special architecture or building material needed to build a passive house, but moderate

  15. Tenure security, social relations and contract choice: Endogenous matching in the Chinese land rental market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xianlei; Zhou, Yuepeng; Shi, Xiaoping

    2017-04-01

    In China, land rental transactions have increased considerably since the 1990s, but there exists a high degree of segmentation and informal features. The rental transactions between partners with close social relations and the use of informal contracts remain a common phenomenon in many regions, which strongly reduce the potential of the land rental market to enhance productivity and equity. The current literature postulates that the insecurity of land property rights may restrict land transactions between members of same social relations. Studies conducted in China show that the land rentals between partners with closer social relations prefer informal contracts because these contracts are self-enforced based on trust and reputation. However, little literature has jointly examined the effect of land tenure security and social relations on joint decisions of partner and contract choice in the Chinese land rental market. Based on household data collected in Jiangxi and Liaoning provinces in 2015, this paper aims to examine the relationship between land tenure security perceptions, social relation and land rental contract choices in China. We differentiate between formal and informal contracts of land rental activities because they have different enforcement mechanisms and thus different risk-sharing strategy. With regards to social relations, we differ among relatives, villagers living in the same village and strangers according to social distance. In order to reduce estimation bias without accounting for endogenous matching between landlords and tenants, we investigate the joint partner and contract choices in the land rental market using a nested logit framework. The paper contributes to the literature on the effect of tenure security and social relations on land rental contracts by (i) taking into account endogenous matching between landlords and tenants, and estimating the joint decisions of partner and contract choice, and (ii) examining the effect of perceived

  16. Restaurant customer satisfaction and return patronage in a Bloemfontein shopping mall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermanus Johannes Moolman

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Restaurants form one of the core components of a mall's retail offering and its tenant mix. In order to successfully manage the tenant mix, research suggests that mall management continuously monitor their tenants' performance through customer satisfaction and return patronage surveys. The purpose of the study on which this article is based, was to gain insight into restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage in a shopping mall context. Research questions: The research was conceptualised with the following three research questions in mind: Which dining attributes are important for customer satisfaction and return patronage in mall restaurants? Is there a difference in restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage levels based on their demographic characteristics? Is there a difference in restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage in the respective mall restaurants? Design / methodology / approach: A mixed-methods research design was followed. The views of restaurateurs and mall managers were explored (qualitative and 590 customers of eight restaurants situated in the mall successfully completed questionnaires (quantitative. Analysis of variance, t-tests, correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed to reach the objectives of the study. Findings: This research showed that food quality, quality service, restaurant ambience, the quality of facilities and the presence of management are important attributes in contributing to customers' overall dining satisfaction. Food quality and overall dining satisfaction are regarded as important attributes for restaurant customers' decision to return to a mall restaurant. Demographic characteristics of restaurant customers have little impact on customer satisfaction and return patronage levels. Mall restaurants were not equally successful in satisfying their customers in terms of service quality, quality of facilities and the presence of management

  17. Perancangan Aplikasi J2me Untuk Point Reward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaka Hartanto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available As the development of communication technology, celular phone was no longer functioned as communication media but also as business media. This improvement could also be utilized as alternative of marketing strategy, one of it was point reward system which aimed to increase customer retention. The methology that would be used i.e. analitical analisys, literature and application design that of designing J2ME application to interact with customer. In analysis phase, several activities were: questionnaire which was spread to customer, interviewed the tenant and observed current marketing and promotion system in a mall. Information needed then analyzed as input. The input later be used in design phase to obtain the finals result in accordance with the requirements. 

  18. Metabolism Is Central to Tolerogenic Dendritic Cell Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen Jing Sim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Immunological tolerance is a fundamental tenant of immune homeostasis and overall health. Self-tolerance is a critical component of the immune system that allows for the recognition of self, resulting in hyporeactivity instead of immunogenicity. Dendritic cells are central to the establishment of dominant immune tolerance through the secretion of immunosuppressive cytokines and regulatory polarization of T cells. Cellular metabolism holds the key to determining DC immunogenic or tolerogenic cell fate. Recent studies have demonstrated that dendritic cell maturation leads to a shift toward a glycolytic metabolic state and preferred use of glucose as a carbon source. In contrast, tolerogenic dendritic cells favor oxidative phosphorylation and fatty acid oxidation. This dichotomous metabolic reprogramming of dendritic cells drives differential cellular function and plays a role in pathologies, such as autoimmune disease. Pharmacological alterations in metabolism have promising therapeutic potential.

  19. Poetry therapy, men and masculinities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furman, Rich; Dill, LeConté

    2012-04-01

    Therapists have long utilized poetry with various at risk male populations. Yet, in spite of its use, therapists have also been aware of the dilemmas associated with using poetry in a population whose behavior and identity may at times run counter to the core tenants of poetry therapy. However, the literature of poetry therapy does not fully explore what therapists need to know about men and masculinities in order to work with them. This article helps prepare therapists using poetry to become more sensitive to gender issues and utilize this understanding in their practice with men. It explores some of the key concepts from gender and masculinities studies and provides examples for how these concepts can be used in practice.

  20. Étudiants arabophones de retour à Ouagadougou cherchent désespérément reconnaissance

    OpenAIRE

    Bredeloup, Sylvie

    2014-01-01

    Les diplômés de l’enseignement arabe modernisé, formés dans les universités du monde arabo-islamique, peinent à retrouver place dans la société burkinabè. A partir d’enquêtes réalisées auprès d’étudiants rentrés à Ouagadougou après plusieurs années passées dans les universités islamiques (d’Égypte, d’Algérie, d’Arabie Saoudite et de Libye), il s’agit d’appréhender leurs carrières professionnelles au prisme de leurs cursus universitaires, tenant compte des contextes historique et politique dan...

  1. Accessibilite des batiments publics aux personnes handicapees

    CERN Document Server

    Colloca, C

    2003-01-01

    Selon les législations suisse et franèaise, les lieux de travail ainsi que les bâtiments recevant du public, doivent être aménagés en tenant compte de la présence de travailleurs et de public handicapés et de manière à favoriser leur autonomie. Les dispositions adoptées pour les accès, les portes, les dégagements et les ascenseurs desservant les postes de travail ou à vocation conviviale, et les locaux annexes tels que locaux sanitaires, locaux de restauration, parcs de stationnement, doivent permettre l'accès et l'évacuation des personnes handicapées, notamment celles circulant en fauteuil roulant.

  2. Air-Conditioning Effect Estimation For Mid-Term Forecasts of Tunisian Electricity Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Farouk, Mhamdi; Mouhamed, Ould Mahmoud; Mériem, Jaïdane; Jomaa, Souissi

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Nous proposons, dans ce papier, un modèle de prévision tenant compte de l'effet de la climatisation sur la consommation d'électricité. Cette modélisation a nécessité une analyse spécifique de l'élasticité de la consommation journalière par rapport à la température. Ainsi, l'étude de l'évolution de la part estimée liée à la température (chaud/froid), nous a permis, de prévoir l'évolution du parc d'appareils de climatisation. Ce résultat était particulièrement utile, dan...

  3. Application of Multiple Criteria Decision Making to Renovation of Multi-Residential Historic Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galiotto, Nicolas; Flourentzou, Flourentzos; Thalmann, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    project, which fulfills simultaneously and optimally all three pillars of sustainability. Multiple criteria decision making methodologies can help to improve the decision environment and handle the whole space of constraints. It therefore leads the stakeholders to find consensual solutions. In this paper...... countries, incentives have so far not had sufficient impact on the rate and depth of the renovations. A very common obstacle in the decision process for building renovation is the conflict between multiple goals. In an early stage of the decision process, stakeholders have the possibility to block...... the indoor environment quality and the comfort of use, questionnaires were distributed to the tenants. Finally, so as to provide the stakeholders with a comprehensive comparison between different possible scenarios, a synthesis of the evaluation of all criteria was made with HERMIONE multiple criteria...

  4. ‘Our Changes’? Visions of the Future in Nairobi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constance Smith

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In Kenya, the Vision 2030 masterplan is radically reimagining Nairobi as a ‘world class’ city of the future. This has generated dramatic digital imagery of satellite cities, skyscrapers and shopping malls. For tenants in rundown public housing, these glossy yet speculative visions are enticing, but also provoke anxieties of exclusion. Yet so far, little has materially manifested. This article explores the effects these future vistas produce in the present, in the gap between the urban plan and its implementation. It argues that the spectacle of official planning has generated anticipatory actions, as Nairobians’ engage with the future promised by such schemes. These actions are characterised by dissonant temporal experiences, in which local residents experience the future city as both near at hand and forever out of reach.

  5. The causes of homelessness in later life: findings from a 3-nation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Maureen; Byrne, Kathleen; Fu, Ruby; Lipmann, Bryan; Mirabelli, Frances; Rota-Bartelink, Alice; Ryan, Maureen; Shea, Robert; Watt, Hope; Warnes, Anthony M

    2005-05-01

    This article presents findings from a study of the causes of homelessness among newly homeless older people in selected urban areas of the United States, England, and Australia. Interviews were conducted in each country with > or =122 older people who had become homeless during the last 2 years. Information was also collected from the subjects' key workers about the circumstances and problems that contributed to homelessness. Two-thirds of the subjects had never been homeless before. Antecedent causes were the accommodation was sold or needed repair, rent arrears, death of a close relative, relationship breakdown, and disputes with other tenants and neighbors. Contributory factors were physical and mental health problems, alcohol abuse, and gambling problems. Most subjects became homeless through a combination of personal problems and incapacities, welfare policy gaps, and service delivery deficiencies. Whereas there are nation-specific variations, across the three countries, the principal causes and their interactions are similar.

  6. Johnston Avenue Solar Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schrayer, David [Isles, Inc., Trenton, NJ (United States)

    2017-08-22

    DOE awarded funds to support a demonstration project to illustrate how access to solar power and green roof systems could improve building performance and long-term outcomes for the building owner and multiple nonprofit tenants housed in the building. Since being placed in service the solar PV system has saved approximately $1,000 per month in energy costs. The green roof has added to this benefit by naturally cooling the building and has helped reduce local road flooding by retaining storm water. These elements have improved the quality of life in the low-income community in which the building is located by allowing social service organizations to focus more of their resources on programs and job creation.

  7. Lack of genotoxic potential of acetylated monoglyceride: An alternative plasticiser to phthalates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Alicja; Wedebye, Eva Bay; Niemelä, Jay Russell

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: With a yearly polymer production of more than 400 million tons, phthalates based on non sustainable petrochemical materials are the most used group of plasticisers. Their low biodegradability and endocrine activity suspected to affect reproductive ability of animals and humans caused......-Tenant rules) and predictions were negative for several assays: Ames test, chromosomal aberration in Chinese hamster lung cells, mouse lymphoma TK cell mutation and unscheduled DNA synthesis in rat hepatocytes. The in vitro Ames test showed that the plasticiser did not induce gene mutations in bacteria....... Presently, an in vivo comet assay to investigate the ability of the plasticiser to induce DNA strand breaks after oral exposure in the liver and kidney of rats is under conduction....

  8. Chusmeros: narratives on the memory of peasant’s agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Maite Yie Garzón

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores how processes of social mobilization and property parceling framed in the Agrarian Reform National Plan —involving an ample sector of tenant farm laborers in an Andean Nariño large estate between 1958 and 1963— appear, nearly five decades later, as objects of moral interpretation and appraisal. It analyzes the significance assigned in accounts to the agency of actors involved (peasants, landlords and state; variations in such assigning are connected to the moral frameworks they call on to interpret their past; and their origin is traced back on the various subalternization experiences they faced. I suggest that, when turning out to different sources of moral appraisal, the existence of manifold subjectivation forms makes itself evident depending on their relations to different forms of authority (landlords, church, state, and that they come with various alternative standings face to their past.

  9. Le Big-bang de la création pour un accompagnement innovant

    OpenAIRE

    Pouget-Cauchy, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    L’approche cognitive de la création tient compte des spécificités et appelle un accompagnement innovant fonction de l’objet qu’il accompagne. Elle est illustrée et discutée par une étude empirique d’un semestre auprès de six créateurs d’entreprise au sein de l’incubateur Novancia en 2006. Elle décrit un processus polycyclique de la genèse. L’accompagnement, qui reste limité en pratique, en tenant compte de cet ensemble contribuerait à développer une formation à la technologie de la création e...

  10. Maîtrise et surveillance de la contamination microbiologique en zone d'atmosphère contrôlée dans le cadre d'une démarche qualité

    OpenAIRE

    Gouma, M; Rey dit guzer, S.; Caron, M.-P.; Faure, Rémi; Pivot, Christine

    2015-01-01

    National audience; Les Bonnes Pratiques de Préparation (BPP) obligent la réalisation de contrôles microbiologiques dans les Zones à Atmosphère Contrôlée (ZAC). En tenant compte de notre activité au sein de l'Unité de Préparation Centralisée Pharmaceutique (nombres d'heures d'occupation de la ZAC et de préparations réalisées, contraintes de la classe,...), nous avons déterminé un nombre de points de prélèvements et établit une rotation sur 8 semaines.Objectifs:- Création d'un support d'afficha...

  11. L'articulation des dimensions nationale, régionale et internationale de la politique pétrolière bolivarienne

    OpenAIRE

    Benhassine, Achraf

    2007-01-01

    20 p.; A travers cet article, nous nous interrogeons sur les tenants et les aboutissants de la politique pétrolière Bolivarienne, c'est-à-dire de la politique pétrolière initiée par le gouvernement Chavez. Quid de l'activité pétrolière et gazière au Venezuela ? Quid des rapports entre les différents acteurs de l'industrie ? Quid des initiatives d'intégrations régionales et de coopération avec les industries des pays du sud ? Afin de répondre aux questions posées, nous développons un argumenta...

  12. Dotation et disparités régionales des performances scolaires. Le cas des collèges au Burkina Faso

    OpenAIRE

    Justine Coulidiati-Kiëlem

    2008-01-01

    Cette étude a pour but d'identifier les caractéristiques des régions stables dans la performance mesurée par la réussite au BEPC, et tenant compte des ressources qui leur ont été allouées pour leur fonctionnement. La stabilité dans le temps de la performance des établissements est abordée en considérant les scores obtenus au BEPC sur un certain nombre d'années. Les résultats saillants montrent que pour les quatre années au collège, le redoublement en 6ème, en 5ème et, dans une moindre mesure,...

  13. Autour des “scénographies auctoriales” : entretien avec José-Luis Diaz, auteur de L’écrivain imaginaire (2007 “Authorial scenographies”: an interview with José-Luis Diaz, author of L’écrivain imaginaire (2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Maingueneau

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available José-Luis, selon ta propre formulation, ton livre L’écrivain imaginaire s’insère dans une histoire des représentations de l’écrivain. Pourrais-tu nous en dire plus sur les tenants et les aboutissants de ce projet ? En particulier, dans quel sens prends-tu l’expression « écrivain imaginaire », à distinguer de la personne réelle de l’écrivain ?Au début de mes recherches, à l’heure où l’auteur était censé être mort selon le titre célèbre d’un article de Roland Barthes (1968, j’ai pensé d’emblée...

  14. Commande adaptive d'une machine asynchrone

    OpenAIRE

    Slama-Belkhodja, I.; De Fornel, B.

    1996-01-01

    Cat article décrit une stratégie de commande adaptive indirecte à Placement de Pôles (PP), appliquée à la commande en vitesse d'une machine asynchrone alimentée par un ensemble hacheur-filtre-onduleur de tension. L'algorithme des Moindres Carrés Récursifs (MCR) est utilisé pour l'identification des modèles de comportement type entrées/sorties. Un intérêt particulier est porté à la mise en oeuvre de cet algorithme et à la discussion de ses résultats, tenant compte des erreurs de modélisation e...

  15. The influence of innovation environments in R&D results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serje Schmidt

    Full Text Available Abstract In Brazil, as well as worldwide, incubators and science and technology parks (ISTPs are continually used to foster regional development. However, the incongruence between the growing number of ISTPs and the inconclusiveness of their results raised preoccupations regarding their effectiveness and doubts on how they promote innovation. In spite of the growing possibility and need for quantitative research, few studies have adopted this methodological perspective. The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of resources promoted by ISTPs on the results of their tenant's R&D projects. A quantitative cross-sectional design was used in this study. A higher specificity in the observation and analysis of ISTPs contributed to the advance of literature, so that a taxonomy of resources promoted by ISTPs was proposed and the key resources associated to R&D results could be identified.

  16. The strategic facilities management organisation in housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Susanne Balslev; Jensen, Per Anker; Jensen, Jesper Ole

    2012-01-01

    Two houses in the same street can be built in the same year, they can look the same, and still they might provide very different support for sustainable living. This article points to the Strategic Facilities Management Organisation (SFMO) as the most important concept, to understand and manage...... implementation of sustainable facilities management in housing administration. The concept provides a frame for understanding the roles and relations of tenants, owners, administrators and operators. The paper is based on a Danish research project on environmentally sound building operation including literature...... literature on sustainable facilities management, where it fills a gap as it deals with housing and strategic FM. Intended readers are those interested in housing administration and especially the transition of existing housing into more sustainable housing. Intended readers include building owners, policy...

  17. Distribution of heating costs in multi-story apartment buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jørgen; Kragh, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    Under current rules in the Danish Meter Order at least 40% of the total heating costs in multi-story blocks of flats should be distributed by metering the consumption in individual apartments. This fixed share is the result of a previous study that showed that 40% of the total heating costs were......, as in newer and future standard of blocks of flats. Intuitively, we would like to settle 100% of the costs attributable to space heating, by individual meters. Thereby, tenants will pay for their own consumption which encourages energy savings. This is an excellent method for electricity, gas and water...... to the outdoor climate constitutes only a small proportion of the total heating consumption. It is therefore interesting to investigate the consequences for the distribution of heating costs by differentiated indoor temperatures in both older and new multi-story apartment buildings. This paper describes...

  18. Cascade Apartments: Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, A. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Mattheis, L. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Kunkle, R. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Howard, L. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Lubliner, M. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2014-02-01

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

  19. Cascade Apartments: Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, A. [Washington State Univ. Energy Program, Olympia, WA (United States); Mattheis, L. [Washington State Univ. Energy Program, Olympia, WA (United States); Kunkle, R. [Washington State Univ. Energy Program, Olympia, WA (United States); Howard, L. [Washington State Univ. Energy Program, Olympia, WA (United States); Lubliner, M. [Washington State Univ. Energy Program, Olympia, WA (United States)

    2014-02-01

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions: 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

  20. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-02-01

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington, which resulted in annual energy cost savings of 22%, improved comfort and air quality for residents, and increased durability of the units. This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary Building America research questions: 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capital improvement funding.

  1. Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit , Kent, Washington (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2014-02-01

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

  2. Environmental Assessment for decontamination and dismantlement, Pinellas Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1092) of the proposed decontamination and dismantlement of the Pinellas Plant in Largo, Florida. Under the Decontamination and Dismantlement EA, the DOE proposes to clean up facilities, structures, and utilities; dismantle specific structures; and mitigate or eliminate any environmental impacts associated with the cleanup, dismantlement, and related activities. Related activities include utilization of specific areas by new tenants prior to full-scale cleanup. Based on the analyses in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required. This report contains the Environmental Assessment, as well as the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

  3. Tiger Team assessment of the Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-05-01

    This report documents the Tiger Team Assessment of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. SNL, Albuquerque, is operated by the Sandia Corporation (a wholly owned subsidiary of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company) for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The environmental assessment also included DOE tenant facilities at Ross Aviation, Albuquerque Microelectronics Operation, and the Central Training Academy. The assessment was conducted from April 15 to May 24, 1991, under the auspices of DOE's Office of Special Projects under the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health (ES H). The assessment was comprehensive, encompassing ES H disciplines, management, self-assessments, and quality assurance; transportation; and waste management operations. Compliance with applicable federal, state, and local regulations; applicable DOE Orders; best management practices; and internal SNL, Albuquerque, requirements were assessed. In addition, an evaluation of the adequacy and effectiveness of DOE and SNL, Albuquerque management of ES H programs was conducted.

  4. Youth Suicide in the World and Views of Holy Quran about Suicide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Hosein Ghazizadeh Hashemi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Over 800,000 people die due to suicide every year and there are many more who attempt suicide. Hence, many millions of people are affected or experience suicide bereavement every year. Suicide occurs throughout the lifespan and was the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds globally in 2012. It is a global phenomenon in all regions of the world; Suicide accounted for 1.4% of all deaths worldwide, making it the 15th leading cause of death in 2012. The Quran makes it clear that human life is sacred.  Life cannot be taken without justification and the right to life is inherent in the tenants of Islam.  Life itself is a gift from the Creator that we are obliged to care for.    Suicide out of despair of God’s mercy or worldly problems is strictly forbidden. 

  5. La figura del doble y la transformación de la enigmática identidad del personaje en / Le Locataire chimérique / de Roland Topor: un recorrido laberíntico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Teresa Lozano Sampedro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the double is presented in The Tenant through a constant swinging between the difference and the identity that is described by the trajectory of the change. The visual element serves especially as a sign of a problematic duality where both space and time become changeable, shifting, according to the character’s inner perspective. The theme of the perpetual cycle, which abolishes the difference between life and death, is part of the labyrinthine layout of this text where the reader, like the character, gets lost and finds his place in turn. Our aim in this paper is to show how the theme and the structure merge to lead to an open ending on a double question: the mysterious identity of the «original» and the genuineness of the existence of its «double».

  6. L'invention de la dispute moderne: La construction d'un espace de controverse religieuse dans les années 1520 (Saint-Empire et Corps helvétique)

    OpenAIRE

    Flückiger, Fabrice Olivier

    2006-01-01

    De 1520 à 1536, la diffusion de la Réforme dans le Saint-Empire et le Corps helvétique se fit en grande partie par le biais de disputes religieuses organisées entre tenants de la nouvelle foi et défenseurs de l'Eglise romaine, en particulier dans les villes et les communes libres. La plupart de ces disputes s'inspiraient, plus ou moins, de la rencontre organisée à Zurich sur l'initiative d'Ulrich Zwingli en janvier 1523, que l'on considère aujourd'hui comme le lieu où furent mis en place les ...

  7. Advanced Metering Implementations - A Perspective from Federal Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eaarni, Shankar

    2014-08-11

    Federal mandate (EPACT 2005) requires that federal buildings install advanced electrical meters-meters capable of providing data at least daily and measuring the consumption of electricity at least hourly. This work presents selected advanced metering implementations to understand some of the existing practices related to data capture and to understand how the data is being translated into information and knowledge that can be used to improve building energy and operational performance to meet federal energy reduction mandates. This study highlights case studies to represent some of the various actions that are being taken based on the data that are being collected to improve overall energy performance of these buildings. Some of these actions include- individualized tenant billing and energy forecasting, benchmarking, identifying energy conservation measures, measurement and verification.

  8. Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project Alternatives Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Duncan

    2011-04-01

    This report identifies, evaluates, and compares alternatives for meeting the U.S. Department of Energy’s mission need for management of remote-handled low-level waste generated by the Idaho National Laboratory and its tenants. Each alternative identified in the Mission Need Statement for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Treatment Project is described and evaluated for capability to fulfill the mission need. Alternatives that could meet the mission need are further evaluated and compared using criteria of cost, risk, complexity, stakeholder values, and regulatory compliance. The alternative for disposal of remote-handled low-level waste that has the highest confidence of meeting the mission need and represents best value to the government is to build a new disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory Site.

  9. Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project Alternatives Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Duncan

    2011-03-01

    This report identifies, evaluates, and compares alternatives for meeting the U.S. Department of Energy’s mission need for management of remote-handled low-level waste generated by the Idaho National Laboratory and its tenants. Each alternative identified in the Mission Need Statement for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Treatment Project is described and evaluated for capability to fulfill the mission need. Alternatives that could meet the mission need are further evaluated and compared using criteria of cost, risk, complexity, stakeholder values, and regulatory compliance. The alternative for disposal of remote-handled low-level waste that has the highest confidence of meeting the mission need and represents best value to the government is to build a new disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory Site.

  10. Remote-Handled Low Level Waste Disposal Project Alternatives Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Duncan

    2010-10-01

    This report identifies, evaluates, and compares alternatives for meeting the U.S. Department of Energy’s mission need for management of remote-handled low-level waste generated by the Idaho National Laboratory and its tenants. Each alternative identified in the Mission Need Statement for the Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Treatment Project is described and evaluated for capability to fulfill the mission need. Alternatives that could meet the mission need are further evaluated and compared using criteria of cost, risk, complexity, stakeholder values, and regulatory compliance. The alternative for disposal of remote-handled low-level waste that has the highest confidence of meeting the mission need and represents best value to the government is to build a new disposal facility at the Idaho National Laboratory Site.

  11. Creating CAD designs and performing their subsequent analysis using opensource solutions in Python

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iakushkin, Oleg O.; Sedova, Olga S.

    2018-01-01

    The paper discusses the concept of a system that encapsulates the transition from geometry building to strength tests. The solution we propose views the engineer as a programmer who is capable of coding the procedure for working with the modeli.e., to outline the necessary transformations and create cases for boundary conditions. We propose a prototype of such system. In our work, we used: Python programming language to create the program; Jupyter framework to create a single workspace visualization; pythonOCC library to implement CAD; FeniCS library to implement FEM; GMSH and VTK utilities. The prototype is launched on a platform which is a dynamically expandable multi-tenant cloud service providing users with all computing resources on demand. However, the system may be deployed locally for prototyping or work that does not involve resource-intensive computing. To make it possible, we used containerization, isolating the system in a Docker container.

  12. Religion and its effects on crime and delinquency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butts, Calvin O; Stefano, George B; Fricchione, Gregory; Salamon, Elliott

    2003-08-01

    This review is an attempt to explore the relationship between two complex areas of behavioral research, namely that of religion and crime and delinquency. We will also examine supporting research from the area of physiological belief and relaxation systems as a means of understanding the posited negative correlation between religiosity and crime. Our central thesis is that ones level of participation in religious activities is negatively correlated to participation in criminal activity. While this central tenant seems straightforward there are a number of methodological issues that need to be addressed. In particular we need to operationally define the terms religiosity and delinquency. By reviewing archival research we hope to help substantiate the negative correlation between religion and crime, as well as explain a possible mechanism for this relationship.

  13. Heat pumps use the cooling load from the radiotherapy. Heat pump concept for the new construction of a medical building at a community clinical centre; Waermepumpen nutzen Kuehllast aus der Strahlentherapie. Waermepumpen-Konzept fuer den Neubau eines Praxisgebaeudes an einem Gemeinschaftsklinikum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bittermann, Hans-Juergen [Pressebuero bitpress, Lambsheim (Germany)

    2010-07-15

    After implementation of an innovative concept for heating and cooling of the new medical building at the community clinical centre Koblenz (Federal Republic of Germany) by means of heat pumps, the tenants save a great deal of energy. The autarkic system lowers the operating cost by nearly 40 %. Due to this cost saving, the investments amortize after approximately six years. Afterwards the operator saves operating cost of approximately 12,000 Euro per year and relieves the environment by 35,000 kg CO{sub 2} per year. Elektroanlagenbau Wagner GmbH (Weiler, Federal Republic of Germany) received the 'RWE innovation prize heat pumps' (1st price in the category service industry / administration) for this concept.

  14. Heat metering and billing service for gas utilities; Dienstleistung Heizkostenabrechnung fuer Gasversorgungsunternehmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    Data required for heat billing are acquired individually for each tenant, as is well known. On the other hand, landlords also have to divide the cost of waste water removal, freshwater supply, waste disposal, taxes etc. These costs are divided on the same basis as the heating cost. Public utilities may therefore offer a full-scale metering and billing service. [German] Die fuer die Heizkostenabrechnung relevanten Daten werden mieterbezogen erfasst. Neben den Kosten fuer Raumwaerme und Warmwasser hat der Vermieter aber je nach Ausgestaltung der Mietvertraege jaehrlich weitere Betriebskosten einer Liegenschaft, wie z.B. fuer Abwasser, Frischwasser, Muellentsorgung, Grundbesitzangaben etc., zu verteilen. Grundlage fuer diese Kostenverteilung sind die gleichen mieterbezogenen Daten, wie bei der Heizkostenabrechnung. Fuer das Energiedienstleistungsunternehmen bietet sich somit die Basis fuer weitere Dienstleistungen, indem sich nach Uebernahme der Heizkostenabrechnung in einem zweiten Schritt der Umfang der Dienstleistung auf den Gesamtbereich aller Hausnebenkosten ausdehnen laesst. (orig.)

  15. Disposal of Kitchen Waste from High Rise Apartment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ori, Kirki; Bharti, Ajay; Kumar, Sunil

    2017-09-01

    The high rise building has numbers of floor and rooms having variety of users or tenants for residential purposes. The huge quantities of heterogenous mixtures of domestic food waste are generated from every floor of the high rise residential buildings. Disposal of wet and biodegradable domestic kitchen waste from high rise buildings are more expensive in regards of collection and vertical transportation. This work is intended to address the technique to dispose of the wet organic food waste from the high rise buildings or multistory building at generation point with the advantage of gravity and vermicomposting technique. This innovative effort for collection and disposal of wet organic solid waste from high rise apartment is more economical and hygienic in comparison with present system of disposal.

  16. Disposal of Kitchen Waste from High Rise Apartment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ori, Kirki; Bharti, Ajay; Kumar, Sunil

    2017-07-01

    The high rise building has numbers of floor and rooms having variety of users or tenants for residential purposes. The huge quantities of heterogenous mixtures of domestic food waste are generated from every floor of the high rise residential buildings. Disposal of wet and biodegradable domestic kitchen waste from high rise buildings are more expensive in regards of collection and vertical transportation. This work is intended to address the technique to dispose of the wet organic food waste from the high rise buildings or multistory building at generation point with the advantage of gravity and vermicomposting technique. This innovative effort for collection and disposal of wet organic solid waste from high rise apartment is more economical and hygienic in comparison with present system of disposal.

  17. Solar space heating installed at Kansas City, Kansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    The solar energy system was constructed with the 48,800 square feet warehouse to heat the warehouse area of about 39,000 square feet while an auxiliary energy system heats the office area of about 9,800 square feet. The building is divided into 20 equal units, and each has its own solar system. The modular design permits the flexibility of combining multiple units to form offices or warehouses of various size floor areas as required by a tenant. Each unit has 20 collectors which are mounted in a single row. The collectors are double glazed flat plate collectors with a gross area of 7,800 sq ft. Air is heated either through the collectors or by the electric resistance duct coils. Extracts from the site files, specifications, drawings, installation, operation and maintenance instructions are presented.

  18. Applying science and mathematics to big data for smarter buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young M; An, Lianjun; Liu, Fei; Horesh, Raya; Chae, Young Tae; Zhang, Rui

    2013-08-01

    Many buildings are now collecting a large amount of data on operations, energy consumption, and activities through systems such as a building management system (BMS), sensors, and meters (e.g., submeters and smart meters). However, the majority of data are not utilized and are thrown away. Science and mathematics can play an important role in utilizing these big data and accurately assessing how energy is consumed in buildings and what can be done to save energy, make buildings energy efficient, and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper discusses an analytical tool that has been developed to assist building owners, facility managers, operators, and tenants of buildings in assessing, benchmarking, diagnosing, tracking, forecasting, and simulating energy consumption in building portfolios. © 2013 New York Academy of Sciences.

  19. User preferences in Stenløse Syd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munthe-Kaas, Peter; Quitzau, Maj-Britt; Hoffmann, Birgitte

    2009-01-01

    This report studies the preferences of house owners and tenants in Stenløse Syd (Stenløse Syd) - a new urban development project with low energy dwellings. The aim of the study has been to create more knowledge about aspects that may promote or hamper low energy dwellings in order to develop...... the mar-ket for this type of buildings. The report is a delivery of work package 1 in the European Concerto project called ‘Class 1’. This project was launched on the basis of the experiences of the Danish municipality of Egedal who initiated an urban development project explicitly promoting energy...... about the environment during the building process. The report confirms the complexity of residents’ preferences in relation to their choice of dwelling and to the patterns of moving, and draws some interesting pictures of role of environmental aspects. As this has not been the focus of many...

  20. Economic Development Activities at the Young - Rainey Science, Technology, & Research (STAR) Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul S. Sacco; Carl Smeigh; John Caponiti, Jr.

    2008-06-30

    Project mission was to mitigate the adverse economic effects of closing the U.S. Department of Energy's Pinellas Plant in Largo, Florida. This project was to facilitate the physical renovation of the plant and to help maintain and create jobs for the employees that worked at the plant when DOE terminated its operations. It also included finding and attracting high technology, industrial manufacturing and related firms to utilize the space and high tech equipment to remain at the plant. Stakeholders included the affected plant employees, local government and related public organizations, and businesses and universities in the Tampa Bay Florida area. The $17.6 million funded for this project helped produce 2,780 jobs at the Young - Rainey STAR Center at an average cost of $6,328. Rental income from STAR Center tenants and third party cash input amounted to approximately $66 million over the project period of 13.3 years.

  1. Virtualized cloud data center networks issues in resource management

    CERN Document Server

    Tsai, Linjiun

    2016-01-01

    This book discusses the characteristics of virtualized cloud networking, identifies the requirements of cloud network management, and illustrates the challenges in deploying virtual clusters in multi-tenant cloud data centers. The book also introduces network partitioning techniques to provide contention-free allocation, topology-invariant reallocation, and highly efficient resource utilization, based on the Fat-tree network structure. Managing cloud data center resources without considering resource contentions among different cloud services and dynamic resource demands adversely affects the performance of cloud services and reduces the resource utilization of cloud data centers. These challenges are mainly due to strict cluster topology requirements, resource contentions between uncooperative cloud services, and spatial/temporal data center resource fragmentation. Cloud data center network resource allocation/reallocation which cope well with such challenges will allow cloud services to be provisioned with ...

  2. The South African Border War (1966 - 1989) a Case Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Hans Henrik

    2013-01-01

    rivaling tribes. The post-colonial states, which subsequently emerged from the struggle, were mostly characterized by dictatorships, instability, and poverty and often with a mainly Marxist political agenda. In contrast South Africa was not ruled by any colonial power and continued throughout......The South African Border War – or the Bush War - was a quite remarkable conflict that took place in the border region between South-West-Africa (Namibia), Angola and the Republic of South Africa between 1966 and 1989 which makes it one of the longest conflicts on the African continent. The conflict...... between the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) and South Africa in the border region between Namibia and Angola. Further the paper will discuss and compare the actual course of the campaign with some of the basic tenants of counterinsurgency strategies as defined by Dr. Paul Melschen in his...

  3. Experimental demonstration of bandwidth on demand (BoD) provisioning based on time scheduling in software-defined multi-domain optical networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yongli; Li, Yajie; Wang, Xinbo; Chen, Bowen; Zhang, Jie

    2016-09-01

    A hierarchical software-defined networking (SDN) control architecture is designed for multi-domain optical networks with the Open Daylight (ODL) controller. The OpenFlow-based Control Virtual Network Interface (CVNI) protocol is deployed between the network orchestrator and the domain controllers. Then, a dynamic bandwidth on demand (BoD) provisioning solution is proposed based on time scheduling in software-defined multi-domain optical networks (SD-MDON). Shared Risk Link Groups (SRLG)-disjoint routing schemes are adopted to separate each tenant for reliability. The SD-MDON testbed is built based on the proposed hierarchical control architecture. Then the proposed time scheduling-based BoD (Ts-BoD) solution is experimentally demonstrated on the testbed. The performance of the Ts-BoD solution is evaluated with respect to blocking probability, resource utilization, and lightpath setup latency.

  4. Modélisation et commande d'une génératrice synchrone à aimant permanant pour la production et l'injection des énergies offshores dans un réseau

    OpenAIRE

    Gualous, Hamid; Camara, Morlaye Sekou; Camara, Mamadou Baïlo Camara; DAKYO, Brayima

    2014-01-01

    Cet article traite l'utilisation d'une Génératrice Synchrone à Aimant Permanent pour la production d'énergie éolienne offshore et l'injection de l'énergie électrique produite dans un réseau infini. L'objectif est d'effectuer la modélisation et la simulation du système de production d'énergie éolienne en tenant compte des problématiques des variations de la vitesse du vent et d'entretien de la génératrice. La contribution de cet article est principalement basée sur les stratégies de commande d...

  5. Feldenkrais versus conventional exercises for the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutman, G M; Herbert, C P; Brown, S R

    1977-09-01

    Tenants in retirement housing given a 6-week program of Feldenkrais exercises were compared with a group given conventional exercises and with control groups given no exercises. Analysis of covariance of preliminary and subsequent measurements failed to yield any significant differences between groups. Measurements included height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate, balance, flexibility, morale, self-perceived health status and level of performance of activities of daily living, also the number of body parts difficult to move or giving rise to pain. Several possible reasons are given for the results. Attention is drawn to the necessity of medically screening and monitoring elderly registrants for exercise programs since it is apparent that some sign up who should not.

  6. Can the interaction between occupant behaviour and the indoor environment in residences be influenced?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Søren

    In the context of global climate change it has been broadly recognized that energy use in buildings must be reduced. In many cases this has been achieved by decreasing the natural infiltration rate in buildings by means of a focus on airtightness. Increasing airtightness does decrease energy use......, but it also increases the impact of occupant behaviour on energy use and indoor environment. In Denmark the indoor environment is directly linked to energy use for heating. In most buildings the indoor environment is controlled by the occupant (via thermostat setting, window opening), so any change...... of the measurements performed in the apartments. The apartments were in three multi-storey buildings in three different municipalities of the Copenhagen area of Denmark. The influence of how total heat cost was allocated between tenants was studied in two buildings and a significant influence on the control of indoor...

  7. base na Décima Urbana de 1809

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira Bueno

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a new spatialisation methodology for the Décima Urbana, the first property tax established in Brazilian cities. The case of São Paulo in 1809 is studied. The data gathered from textual documentation was processed in a database and cartographed on the first official city plan, elaborated by engineer Carlos Bresser between 1844-1847, and then confronted with the iconographic documentation produced by visiting travellers and by photographer Militão Augusto de Azevedo, so as to cross-reference the information obtained. The Décima Urbana of 1809 contains data about the siting of buildings, their proprietors, tenants, typology (single and two-storey houses, shops, finalities (own use, rent, uses (residential, commercial, mixed and value. This allows for the present day hypothetical reconstruction of old São Paulo’s urban mesh and of aspects of the real estate market dynamics at the end of the colonial period.

  8. ANALYZING THE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF RICE FARMS IN THE RIO GRANDE DO SUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Mussi Alvim

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the technical efficiency in rice farms in Rio Grande do Sul (RS. For this, we use the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA and the Tobit regression model. The study use the variables available in the Census of the Institute of Irrigated Rice of RS (IRGA, 2006. The study shows that most of the rice farmers are technically inefficient on local terms, and only 5.7% are efficient. In addition, it is possible to observe that the main variables, which increase the level of efficiency in different regions of the state, are technical assistance, education level and growing system. The results show that there are important differences between the rice farms, which depends of the region of RS and of the producer condition (owner or tenant.

  9. L’éthique évolutionniste

    OpenAIRE

    Clavien, Christine

    2006-01-01

    L’éthique évolutionniste est un courant qui cherche à introduire le point de vue de l’évolution dans la philosophie morale. Plus précisément, les tenants de cette approche s’inspirent de données issues de différentes sciences comme la biologie évolutive, la théorie des jeux, la neurobiologie, la psychologie évolutionniste etc. pour aborder des questions traditionnellement traitées en philosophie morale. Évidemment, il y a bien des façons d’utiliser ce matériau et c’est ce que je me propose d’...

  10. Analysis of Heating Expenses in a Large Social Housing Stock Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaker Zabada

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of heating expenses in a large social housing stock in the North of France. An artificial neural network (ANN approach is taken for the analysis of heating consumption data collected over four years in 84 social housing residences containing 13,179 dwellings that use collective heating. Analysis provides an understanding of the influence of both physical and socio-economic parameters on heating expenses and proposes a predictive model for these expenses. The model shows that the heating expenses are influenced by both the buildings’ physical parameters and social indicators. Concerning the physical parameters, the most important indicators are the area of the dwellings, followed by the building age and the DPE (energy performance diagnostic. The family size as well as tenant age and income have an important influence on heating expense. The model is then used for establishing a data-based strategy for social housing stock renovation.

  11. Common ground: An environmental ethic for Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menlove, F.L.

    1991-01-01

    Three predominant philosophies have characterized American business ethical thinking over the past several decades. The first phase is the ethics of self-interest'' which argues that maximizing self-interest coincidentally maximizes the common good. The second phase is legality ethics.'' Proponents argue that what is important is knowing the rules and following them scrupulously. The third phase might be called stake-holder ethics.'' A central tenant is that everyone affected by a decision has a moral hold on the decision maker. This paper will discuss one recent initiative of the Los Alamos National Laboratory to move beyond rules and regulations toward an environmental ethic that integrates the values of stakeholder ethics'' into the Laboratory's historical culture and value systems. These Common Ground Principles are described. 11 refs.

  12. Training of Residential Social Care Staff to Meet the Needs of Older People with Intellectual Disabilities who Develop Age-Related Health Problems: An Exploratory Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northway, Ruth; Jenkins, Robert; Holland-Hart, Daniella

    2017-09-01

    Despite awareness of the age related health needs of people with intellectual disabilities little is known regarding how residential social care staff are prepared to meet such needs. Data were gathered via semi-structured interviews from 14 managers of supported living settings. Transcripts were thematically analysed. Staff may work in supported living settings with no prior experience of care work, and previous knowledge/experience of supporting people in relation to their health is not required. Whilst health related training is provided there is a lack of specific training regarding healthy ageing, and training seems to be reactive to changing needs of tenants meaning that proactive monitoring for changes in health status may not occur. Whilst some training is provided for residential social care staff in relation to health and ageing a more proactive approach is required which should include a focus on healthy ageing. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Impact de la communication dans le processus d’acquisition d’habiletés motrices :: expérimentation de deux méthodes en éducation physique avec des élèves allophones et francophones

    OpenAIRE

    Abbet, Luc; Voisard, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Ce travail de mémoire développe une expérimentation en éducation physique qui a comme objectif de chercher la manière la plus adaptée de réaliser un apprentissage d’habileté motrice en tenant compte des difficultés de communication. Le but est de réaliser des formes finales de mouvements sur les thèmes de l’athlétisme (lancer du poids) et des agrès (barres asymétriques) avec deux méthodes d’apprentissage différentes. Un de ces processus d’apprentissage intègre les nouvelles technologies et pl...

  14. Giant resonance and dipolar states of light nuclei; La resonance geante et les etats dipolaires des noyaux legers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    Cross-section for ({gamma},n) reactions on C{sup 12},, O{sup 10}, Mg{sup 24} and Ca{sup 40} have been measured using 'monochromatic' gamma rays of variable energy obtained from the annihilation in flight of fast positrons. We compare the observed structure with the shell model of nucleus, including residual interaction between nucleons by 'hole particle' techniques. (author) [French] Les photons 'monochromatiques', d'energie variable, produits par l'annihilation en vol de positons, sont utilises pour mesurer la section efficace ({gamma},n) de {sup 12}C, {sup 16}O, {sup 21}Mg et {sup 40}Ca. La structure observee est comparee aux previsions theoriques du modele a particules independantes, tenant compte de l'interaction residuelle entre nucleons par la methode 'trou-particule'. (auteur)

  15. Facility overview for commercial application of selected Rocky Flats facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    The purpose of this Facility Overview is to support the Rocky Flats Local Impacts Initiative`s Request for Interest, to solicit interest from commercial corporations for utilizing buildings 865 and 883, and the equipment contained within each building, for a commercial venture. In the following sections, this document describes the Rocky Flats Site, the buildings available for lease, the equipment within these buildings, the site services available to a tenant, the human resources available to support operations in buildings 865 and 883, and the environmental condition of the buildings and property. In addition, a brief description is provided of the work performed to date to explore the potential products that might be manufactured in Buildings 865 and 883, and the markets for these products.

  16. The latrine ownership ladder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Obeng, Peter Appiah; Keraita, Bernard; Oduro-Kwarteng, Sampson

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the latrine ownership ladder as a conceptual policy framework to enhance sanitation uptake in low-income peri-urban areas. Design/methodology/approach – The paper draws from literature and a case study in a Ghanaian peri-urban community to highlight...... the challenges that undermine sanitation uptake in low-income peri-urban areas and the prospects of various levels of facility sharing as conceived in the latrine ownership ladder approach. Findings – The authors argue that the infrastructural and other socio-economic challenges of low-income peri-urban areas...... prevent some households from acquiring their own latrines. For such households, a more responsive approach to latrine promotion and prevention of open defecation would be the recognition of shared ownership regimes such as co-tenant shared, neighbourhood shared and community shared, in addition...

  17. Plug and Process Loads Capacity and Power Requirements Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheppy, M.; Gentile-Polese, L.

    2014-09-01

    This report addresses gaps in actionable knowledge that would help reduce the plug load capacities designed into buildings. Prospective building occupants and real estate brokers lack accurate references for plug and process load (PPL) capacity requirements, so they often request 5-10 W/ft2 in their lease agreements. Limited initial data, however, suggest that actual PPL densities in leased buildings are substantially lower. Overestimating PPL capacity leads designers to oversize electrical infrastructure and cooling systems. Better guidance will enable improved sizing and design of these systems, decrease upfront capital costs, and allow systems to operate more energy efficiently. The main focus of this report is to provide industry with reliable, objective third-party guidance to address the information gap in typical PPL densities for commercial building tenants. This could drive changes in negotiations about PPL energy demands.

  18. Changes of levels of rent and risk in the activity of rural farms in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Kurdyś-Kujawska

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Lease of agricultural land is a form of the land use. It enables to create or increase a farm, without having to pay capital-expenditure related to the purchase of land. In exchange for the land lease, the tenant agrees to pay a rent, which is a constant burden on its budget and can affect the economic situation of the farm. Changes in the value of rent result in, to a large extent, deficit of land in some areas of Poland, increase of prices and demand for agricultural land. The aim of the study was to analyse the determinants and dynamics of changes in the rates of agricultural rents. The source material for the study were data on the agricultural land market in Poland in 2000-2011 published by the IERiGŻ and GUS.

  19. Application of kaizen methodology to foster departmental engagement in quality improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knechtges, Paul; Decker, Michael Christopher

    2014-12-01

    The Toyota Production System, also known as Lean, is a structured approach to continuous quality improvement that has been developed over the past 50 years to transform the automotive manufacturing process. In recent years, these techniques have been successfully applied to quality and safety improvement in the medical field. One of these techniques is kaizen, which is the Japanese word for "good change." The central tenant of kaizen is the quick analysis of the small, manageable components of a problem and the rapid implementation of a solution with ongoing, real-time reassessment. Kaizen adds an additional "human element" that all stakeholders, not just management, must be involved in such change. Because of the small size of the changes involved in a kaizen event and the inherent focus on human factors and change management, a kaizen event can serve as good introduction to continuous quality improvement for a radiology department. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  20. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 2006 Research Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-07-01

    This 2006 issue of the NREL Research Review again reveals just how vital and diverse our research portfolio has become. Our feature story looks at how our move to embrace the tenants of "translational research" is strengthening our ability to meet the nation's energy goals. By closing the gap between basic science and applied research and development (R&D)--and focusing a bright light on the valuable end uses of our work--translational research promises to shorten the time it takes to push new technology off the lab bench and into the marketplace. This issue also examines our research into fuels of the future and our computer modeling of wind power deployment, both of which point out the real-world benefits of our work.

  1. Le concept d’éducation intégrale

    OpenAIRE

    Abega, Séverin Cécile; Langere-Menye, Gisèle

    2013-01-01

    EVA, Éducation à la Vie et à l’Amour, est un programme d’éducation intégrale de l’homme introduit dans les cycles primaire et secondaire de l’enseignement technique et de l’enseignement général au Cameroun. Mis en place depuis 1986, il mobilise les jeunes à partir de l’éducation sexuelle et de la prévention des MST/sida dans le but de faire changer leur comportement en conformité avec les grands axes de l’action mondiale et régionale, tout en tenant compte du contexte psychoaffectif, social, ...

  2. Modelling radiation exposure in homes from siporex blocks by using exhalation rates of radon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Mladen D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Building materials are the second major source of indoor radon, after soil. The contribution of building materials to indoor radon amount depends upon the radium content and exhalation rates, which can be used as a primary index for radon levels in the dwellings. This paper presents the results of using the experimentally determined exhalation rates of siporex blocks and concrete plates, to assess the radiation exposure in dwellings built of siporex blocks. The annual doses in rooms have been estimated depending on the established modes of ventilation. Realistic scenario was created to predict an annual effective dose for an old person, a housewife, a student, and an employed tenant, who live in the same apartment, spending different periods of time in it. The results indicate the crucial importance of good ventilation of the living space.

  3. Introducción. Taqiyya: disimulo legal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Arenal, Mercedes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This introduction presents the different contributions included in this monographical section and woves it around two basic tenants: that disimulation and its legitimation are necessarily connected with escathological tension and messianic believes, and that it requires a group which considers itself apart and superior, expecting or planning a different future.Esta introducción enmarca las contribuciones a la sección monográfica y las engarza en torno a las propuestas según las cuales el disimulo y su legitimación teórica son indisolubles de la tensión escatológica y mesiánica, y que requieren la convicción de pertenecer a un grupo aparte, superior, que espera o planea otro tiempo futuro.

  4. Fur : un portrait imaginaire de Diane Arbus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Kempf et Morgan Riou

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Fur, film américain de Steven Shainberg, sorti en France début janvier 2007, propose un « portrait imaginaire de Diane Arbus », photographe américaine des années 1960, devenue célèbre par quelques-unes de ses images étranges et inquiétantes, telles celle du jeune garçon tenant une grenade dans Central Park ou celles des jumelles en habit du dimanche, mais surtout en raison de sa vie tourmentée et de son suicide en 1971 à l’âge de 48 ans. Le film de Shainberg (qui s’était fait connaître par Th...

  5. Psyllids, It's What's on the Inside That Counts: Community Cross Talk Facilitates Prophage Interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Allison K; Skidmore, Isabel H

    2017-01-01

    Despite the availability of massive microbial community data sets (e.g., metagenomes), there is still a lack of knowledge on what molecular mechanisms facilitate cross talk between microbes and prophage within a community context. A study published in mSphere by Jain and colleagues (M. Jain, L. A. Fleites, and D. W. Gabriel, mSphere 2:e00171-17, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphereDirect.00171-17) reports on an intriguing new twist of how a prophage of the bacterium "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" may have its lytic cycle suppressed partly because of a protein that is expressed by a cooccurring bacterium, Wolbachia. Both of these microbes coexist along with other microbial tenants inside their sap-feeding insect host, a psyllid. Although these results are still preliminary and alternative hypotheses need to be tested, these results suggest an interesting new dimension on how regulation of microbial genomes occurs in a community context.

  6. Energy Tracking Software Platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryan Davis; Nathan Bird; Rebecca Birx; Hal Knowles

    2011-04-04

    Acceleration has created an interactive energy tracking and visualization platform that supports decreasing electric, water, and gas usage. Homeowners have access to tools that allow them to gauge their use and track progress toward a smaller energy footprint. Real estate agents have access to consumption data, allowing for sharing a comparison with potential home buyers. Home builders have the opportunity to compare their neighborhood's energy efficiency with competitors. Home energy raters have a tool for gauging the progress of their clients after efficiency changes. And, social groups are able to help encourage members to reduce their energy bills and help their environment. EnergyIT.com is the business umbrella for all energy tracking solutions and is designed to provide information about our energy tracking software and promote sales. CompareAndConserve.com (Gainesville-Green.com) helps homeowners conserve energy through education and competition. ToolsForTenants.com helps renters factor energy usage into their housing decisions.

  7. Des mots au plus près des choses : l’iconicité et le texte rhétorique Words the Most Like Things: Iconicity and the Rhetorical Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Sachs

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Il y a vingt-cinq ans, Wayland Maxfield Parrish arguait dans son essai désormais classique, « L’étude des discours oratoires », que les critiques se devaient d’isoler et d’évaluer avec soin le « contenu » d’un discours donné. Cette « tâche souvent ardue » exigeait selon lui de séparer « ce qui était dit du comment c’était dit », et la meilleure façon d’y parvenir était « de faire un résumé de la pensée du locuteur en évitant d’utiliser les formulations de l’original » (1954 : 14. S’en tenant...

  8. Solar space heating installed at Kansas City, Kansas. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-05-01

    The solar energy system was constructed with the new 48,800 square feet warehouse to heat the warehouse area of about 39,000 square feet while the auxiliary energy system heats the office area of about 9800 square feet. The building is divided into 20 equal units, and each has its own solar system. The modular design permits the flexibility of combining multiple units to form offices or warehouses of various size floor areas as required by a tenant. Each unit has 20 collectors which are mounted in a single row. The collectors, manufactured by Solaron Corporation, are double glazed flat plate collectors with a gross area of 7800 ft/sup 2/. Air is heated either through the collectors or by the electric resistance duct coils. No freeze protection or storage is required for this system. Extracts from the site files, specifications, drawings, installation, operation and maintenance instructions are included.

  9. Grand entretien avec Catherine Teiger

    OpenAIRE

    JEDLICKI, Fanny; Legrand, Émilie

    2017-01-01

    Question : Catherine Teiger, que vous inspire cette phrase de C. Corouge, préambule de la journée d’études à laquelle vous avez participé ? En lisant cette phrase que je croyais entendre, je voyais cet homme tenant ses mains boursouflées et ayant mal à la tête d’avoir cherché à repérer des centaines de fois l’endroit le plus propice qui lui permette de fixer la pièce de tissu ou de cuir tendu qui doit entrer au plus juste, tout en vérifiant que tout est « normal » tout autour et recommencer… ...

  10. «Le Horla», de Guy de Maupassant e a criação literária

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilma Castelo Branco Diniz

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Através da análise comparativa entre três textos de Guy de Maupassant – “Lettre d’un fou” e as duas versões do conto “Le Horla” – e dando ênfase ao sujeito narrador, tenta-se mostrar que “Le Horla” e seus pré-textos introduzem o leitor no âmago da criação literária.A travers l’étude comparative entre trois textes de Guy de Maupassant – “Lettre d’un fou” et les deux versions de la nouvelle “Le Horla” – et en tenant compte de l’importance du sujet narrateur, on essaie de montrer que “Le Horla” et ses pré-textes introduisent le lecteur à l’interieur même de la création littéraire.

  11. TINNITUS WHAT AND WHERE: AN ECOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grant Donald Searchfield

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Tinnitus is an interaction of the environment, cognition and plasticity. The connection between the individual with tinnitus and their world seldom receives attention in neurophysiological research. As well as changes in cell excitability, an individual’s culture and beliefs, work and social environs may all influence how tinnitus is perceived. In this review an ecological framework for current neurophysiological evidence is considered. The model defines tinnitus as the perception of an auditory object in the absence of an acoustic event. It is hypothesized that following deafferentation: adaptive feature extraction, schema and semantic object formation processes lead to tinnitus in a manner predicted by Adaptation Level Theory (1, 2. Evidence from physiological studies are compared to the tenants of the proposed ecological model. The consideration of diverse events within an ecological context may unite seemingly disparate neurophysiological models.

  12. Dampak Konservasi Lahan terhadap Lingkungan Lahan Pertanian dan Strategi Adaptasi Petani di Kecamatan Mejayan , Madiun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Eko Raharjo Pepekai

    2016-10-01

    ABSTRACT The determination district of Mejayan to be capital city of Madiun regency encourages the fast development of district Mejayan. It is evidenced by the increasing needs of undeveloped land, so that encourage the intensive conversion of agricultural land. According to the situations, there are two goals to be reached: 1 to assess the impact of the conversion agricultural land to the environmental condition of agricultural land as well as socio-economic conditions of farmers; 2 to analyze what strategies adaptation of the farmers in facing the conversion of agricultural land; 3 to analyze the effect of conversion land to the farmer adaptation strategies. This study has a survey method by taking a proportional sampling of each farmer status individually. The total samples of 96 respondents are 46 respondent peasant land owners, tenant farmers 31 respondents, and 19 respondents laborer. The data use consists of primary data, in a questionnaires and in-depth interviews, then secondary data from relevant agencies. Methods of data analysis use a quantitative descriptive analysis, the chi squared test and contingency coefficient. The results show conversion of agricultural land in the district of Mejayan has a negative effect to the wetland environment, such as the less land farming, irrigation canals damage, and declining soil fertility due to household waste. There are different adaptation strategy of each farm household; 56.5% land owner applying accumulation strategies, 87.1% of tenant farmers implementing consolidation strategies and 84.2% of farm workers applying survival strategies. The condition of socio-economic with contingency coefficient value 0.557 and the ownership assets with a contingency coefficient value 0,462 influence really to the farmer adaptation strategies, in both factors status socio economic condition give a stronger influence to the form of farmer adaptation strategies.

  13. Redesigning Terraced Social Housing in the UK for Flexibility Using Building Energy Simulation with Consideration of Passive Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasim Altan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A chosen case study house forms the basis of this paper, which is a pilot energy-efficient social housing project, completed by one of the largest housing developers in the UK. The main aim of this study is to inform the redesign of flexible energy-efficient housing units. The housing, designed for social tenants, was built by the Accent Group in 2005, using modern construction methods and sustainable materials, based on extensive research from the adaptable and “Grow Home” principles of Avi Friedman as well as open building implementation. The first pilot scheme was designed in collaboration with the Building Energy Analysis Unit at the University of Sheffield, together with the Goddard Wybor Practise, and was a successful housing development with respect to being environmentally friendly and a low-energy design scheme for the UK climate. This paper presents redesigning of flexible terraced housing units, and their performance evaluation, using a building simulation method as well as the passive-house planning package. The aim was to plan a row of terraced houses that can not only utilize a flexible design concept in floor planning layout, but also to reduce energy consumption with a passive design with particular attention paid to material selection. In addition, building simulation work has been carried out with the use of DesignBuilder software for both thermal and energy performance evaluation. The study examines the annual energy performance and comfort conditions in the designed house to be situated in the Northeast of England, UK. A terraced house unit design is considered a flexible home that can adjust to the needs of different tenants for the purpose of achieving a sustainable building under different aspects, such as low energy, low carbon, use of renewables, and low impact materials, with flexibility by design.

  14. Performance assessment and adoption processes of an information monitoring and diagnostic system prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piette, Mary Ann

    1999-10-01

    This report addresses the problem that buildings do not perform as well as anticipated during design. We partnered with an innovative building operator to evaluate a prototype Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS). The IMDS consists of high-quality measurements archived each minute, a data visualization tool, and a web-based capability. The operators recommend similar technology be adopted in other buildings. The IMDS has been used to identify and correct a series of control problems. It has also allowed the operators to make more effective use of the building control system, freeing up time to take care of other tenant needs. They believe they have significantly improved building comfort, potentially improving tenant health, and productivity. The reduction in hours to operate the building are worth about $20,000 per year, which could pay for the IMDS in about five years. A control system retrofit based on findings from the IMDS is expected to reduce energy use by 20 percent over the next year, worth over $30,000 per year. The main conclusion of the model-based chiller fault detection work is that steady-state models can be used as reference models to monitor chiller operation and detect faults. The ability of the IMDS to measure cooling load and chiller power to one-percent accuracy with a one-minute sampling interval permits detection of additional faults. Evolutionary programming techniques were also evaluated, showing promise in the detection of patterns in building data. We also evaluated two technology adoption processes, radical and routine. In routine adoption, managers enhance features of existing products that are already well understood. In radical adoption, innovative building managers introduce novel technology into their organizations without using the rigorous payback criteria used in routine innovations.

  15. Marketing Sustainable Retail Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Ilić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the primary benefits of sustainable retail over the long run has to be the marketing gain from having something other competitors do not: lower operating costs, a more socially responsible public profile, ease of gaining planning approval for new projects, better access to certain investment pools, higher rents (in the case of developers, ease of recruiting and retaining key people. Each of these benefits needs marketing and public relations support; each benefits from a clear and consistent corporate message that promotes sustainable retail. To date, there are very few retailers or developers who have championed sustainability long enough, consistently enough and with enough actual demonstration of changes in standard operations to gain the benefits of green marketing, but the very paucity of examples serves to underscore the point: the green marketing space is wide open for large retailers and developers. What would be the marketing steps that a company could take to benefit from its “sustainability focus?” The key to any marketing program is to differentiate a company’s actions from those of competitors and to do it along lines that its various stakeholders care about. This practice of differentiation is often expressed as “finding a difference that makes a difference, to someone who makes difference to you.” For retail developers, the first differentiator should be to attract more and better tenants to all of their centers, tenants who value lower operating costs and the developer’s program of sustainable development and corporate social responsibility.

  16. Semantic-less Breach Detection of Polymorphic Malware in Federated Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahav Biran

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is one of the largest emerging utility services that is expected to grow enormously over the next decade. Many organizations are moving into hybrid cloud/hosted computing models. Single cloud service provider introduces cost and environmental challenges. Also, multi-cloud solution implemented by the Cloud tenant is suboptimal as it requires expensive adaptation costs. Cloud Federation is a useful structure for aggregating cloud based services under a single umbrella to share resources and responsibilities for the benefit of the member cloud service providers. An efficient security model is crucial for successful cloud business. However, with the advent of large scale and multi-tenant environments, the traditional perimeter boundaries along with traditional security practices are changing. Defining and securing asset and enclave boundaries is more challenging, and system perimeter boundaries are more susceptible to breach. This paper to describe security best practices for Cloud Federation. The paper also describes a tool and technique for detecting anomalous behavior in resource usage across the federation participants. This is a particularly serious issue because of the possibility of an attacker potentially gaining access to more than one CSP federation member. Specifically, this technique is developed for Cloud Federations since they have to deal with heterogeneous multi-platform environments with a diverse mixture of data and security log schema, and it has to do this in real time. A Semantic-less Breach detection system that implements a self-learning system was prototyped and resulted in up to 87% True-Positive rate with 93% True-Negative.

  17. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  18. Prevalence of Residential Dampness and Mold Exposure in a University Student Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Lanthier-Veilleux

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The impact of residential dampness or mold on respiratory health is well established but few studies have focused on university students. This study aims to: (a describe the prevalence of exposure to residential dampness or mold in university students according to socio-geographic factors and (b identify associated housing characteristics. A web survey was conducted in 2014 among the 26,676 students registered at the Université de Sherbrooke (QC, Canada. Residential dampness and mold being closely intertwined, they were considered as a single exposure and assessed using a validated questionnaire. Exposure was compared according to socio-geographic and housing characteristics using chi-square tests and logistic regressions. Among the 2097 participants included in the study (response rate: 8.1%, over 80% were tenants. Residential exposure to dampness or mold was frequent (36.0%, 95% CI: 33.9–38.1. Marked differences for this exposure were noted according to home ownership (39.7% vs. 25.5% among tenants and owners respectively; OR = 1.92%, 95% CI: 1.54–2.38. Campus affiliation, household composition and the number of residents per building were associated with exposure to dampness or mold (p < 0.01, while sex and age were not. Exposure was also associated with older buildings, and buildings in need of renovations and lacking proper ventilation (p < 0.001. This study highlights the potential risk of university students suffering from mold-related health effects given their frequent exposure to this agent. Further research is needed to fully evaluate the mold-related health impact in this at risk group.

  19. Identifying specific non-attending groups in breast cancer screening - population-based registry study of participation and socio-demography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jensen Line

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A population-based breast cancer screening programme was implemented in the Central Denmark Region in 2008–09. The objective of this registry-based study was to examine the association between socio-demographic characteristics and screening participation and to examine whether the group of non-participants can be regarded as a homogeneous group of women. Method Participation status was obtained from a regional database for all women invited to the first screening round in the Central Denmark Region in 2008–2009 (n=149,234. Participation data was linked to registries containing socio-demographic information. Distance to screening site was calculated using ArcGIS. Participation was divided into ‘participants’ and ‘non-participants’, and non-participants were further stratified into ‘active non-participants’ and ‘passive non-participants’ based on whether the woman called and cancelled her participation or was a ‘no-show’. Results The screening participation rate was 78.9%. In multivariate analyses, non-participation was associated with older age, immigrant status, low OECD-adjusted household income, high and low level education compared with middle level education, unemployment, being unmarried, distance to screening site >20 km, being a tenant and no access to a vehicle. Active and passive non-participants comprised two distinct groups with different socio-demographic characteristics, with passive non-participants being more socially deprived compared with active non-participants. Conclusion Non-participation was associated with low social status e.g. low income, unemployment, no access to vehicle and status as tenant. Non-participants were also more likely than participants to be older, single, and of non-Danish origin. Compared to active non-participants, passive non-participants were characterized by e.g. lower income and lower educational level. Different interventions might be warranted to increase

  20. Identifying specific non-attending groups in breast cancer screening--population-based registry study of participation and socio-demography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Line Flytkjær; Pedersen, Anette Fischer; Andersen, Berit; Vedsted, Peter

    2012-11-14

    A population-based breast cancer screening programme was implemented in the Central Denmark Region in 2008-09. The objective of this registry-based study was to examine the association between socio-demographic characteristics and screening participation and to examine whether the group of non-participants can be regarded as a homogeneous group of women. Participation status was obtained from a regional database for all women invited to the first screening round in the Central Denmark Region in 2008-2009 (n=149,234). Participation data was linked to registries containing socio-demographic information. Distance to screening site was calculated using ArcGIS. Participation was divided into 'participants' and 'non-participants', and non-participants were further stratified into 'active non-participants' and 'passive non-participants' based on whether the woman called and cancelled her participation or was a 'no-show'. The screening participation rate was 78.9%. In multivariate analyses, non-participation was associated with older age, immigrant status, low OECD-adjusted household income, high and low level education compared with middle level education, unemployment, being unmarried, distance to screening site >20 km, being a tenant and no access to a vehicle. Active and passive non-participants comprised two distinct groups with different socio-demographic characteristics, with passive non-participants being more socially deprived compared with active non-participants. Non-participation was associated with low social status e.g. low income, unemployment, no access to vehicle and status as tenant. Non-participants were also more likely than participants to be older, single, and of non-Danish origin. Compared to active non-participants, passive non-participants were characterized by e.g. lower income and lower educational level. Different interventions might be warranted to increase participation in the two non-participant groups.

  1. El Tratamiento Contable y los Efectos Financieros y Fiscales de los Arrendamientos

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    Vernor Mesén Figueroa

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica el mercado de los arrendamientos esuno de los sectores que durante los últimos años hamostrado mayor consolidación y crecimiento y cuyoimpacto ha sido sumamente significativo tanto sobrela posición financiera, resultado de operación y flujosde efectivo de los arrendadores y arrendatarios, comosobre los montos que éstos pagan por concepto deimpuesto sobre la renta. El presente estudio muestra una síntesis de la formaen la cual operan los contratos de arrendamiento, decuáles son los criterios contables para su diferenciaciónen financieros y operativos y consecuentemente decuál es el tratamiento contable que los arrendadoresy arrendatarios deben darle en sus estados financierospara cumplir con la NIC 17 “Arrendamientos”, la cualrige los criterios de registro, valuación, presentación yrevelación en esta materia. Finalmente se hace énfasisacerca de las consecuencias que los convenios dearrendamiento usualmente tienen sobre las decisioneseconómicas y estratégicas que toman tanto arrendadorescomo arrendatarios.   ABSTRACT In Costa Rica the rentals market is one of thesectors that during the last years have shown greatergrowth and consolidation and whose impact has beenextremely significant not only on the financial position,operation results and cash flow of landlords and renters,and on the amounts they pay for income tax. This study presents a synthesis on the way in whichrental contracts operate, which is the accountingcriterion for its differentiation in financial andoperational costs and as a consequence which is theaccounting treatment that renter and tenants mustgive them in their financial statements to fulfil 17 NIC“Rentals”, which governs the criterion of registration,valuation, presentation and disclosure in this matter.Finally, emphasis is made about the consequences thatrental agreements usually have on the economic andstrategic decisions that both renter and tenants make.

  2. Modeling propensity to move after job change using event history analysis and temporal GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandersmissen, Marie-Hélène; Séguin, Anne-Marie; Thériault, Marius; Claramunt, Christophe

    2009-03-01

    The research presented in this paper analyzes the emergent residential behaviors of individual actors in a context of profound social changes in the work sphere. It incorporates a long-term view in the analysis of the relationships between social changes in the work sphere and these behaviors. The general hypothesis is that social changes produce complex changes in the long-term dynamics of residential location behavior. More precisely, the objective of this paper is to estimate the propensity for professional workers to move house after a change of workplace. Our analysis draws on data from a biographical survey using a retrospective questionnaire that enables a posteriori reconstitution of the familial, professional and residential lifelines of professional workers since their departure from their parents’ home. The survey was conducted in 1996 in the Quebec City Metropolitan Area, which, much like other Canadian cities, has experienced a substantial increase in “unstable” work, even for professionals. The approach is based on event history analysis, a Temporal Geographic Information System and exploratory spatial analysis of model’s residuals. Results indicate that 48.9% of respondents moved after a job change and that the most important factors influencing the propensity to move house after a job change are home tenure (for lone adults as for couple) and number of children (for couples only). We also found that moving is associated with changing neighborhood for owners while tenants or co-tenants tend to stay in the same neighborhood. The probability of moving 1 year after a job change is 0.10 for lone adults and couples while after 2 years, the household structure seems to have an impact: the probability increased to 0.23 for lone adults and to 0.21 for couples. The outcome of this research contributes to furthering our understanding of a familial decision (to move) following a professional event (change of job), controlling for household structure

  3. Proefwonen voor mensen met een verstandelijke beperking en/of psychiatrische problemen

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    Liesbeth Naessens

    2015-09-01

    intention of the project is that tenants can eventually live independently after two years, without or with limited support.The project steering group developed a model to organize the collaboration between the partners involved. This model included several aspects, such as a selection procedure for potential tenants, a procedure to match the candidates to the available apartments, and a description of the commitments of the different partners.Flanders has a decentralized and therefore localized social housing policy. Each year, local authorities set aside a certain percentage of their housing capacity for the target group. The social housing provider informs the welfare partners when a house is available for the project.  It sends them information on the characteristics of the home and the living environment. After exploring the client’s housing and support needs, the care provider can nominate the client for the project. The matching process is performed through consensus by a local, inter-sectoral steering committee. Accepting support is a requirement for participation in the programme.One of the key features of the project is that it can enable people with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities/learning difficulties and/or mental health problems to move from residential care to independent living. Instead of having to register on the regular waiting list, the client can apply for fast-track access. The project’s inter-sectoral steering committee meets every two months, and takes other factors into account when matching the available homes to candidate-tenants, such as the most suitable timeframe for the future tenant and the way in which the available home and support can contribute to successful independent living.Facts on output By May 2015, 28 candidate-tenants had entered the programme over a period of three years. Of a total of approximately 450 local allocations during the same period, this number constitutes more than 5% of the total capacity that is

  4. Monitoring of IaaS and scientific applications on the Cloud using the Elasticsearch ecosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagnasco, S.; Berzano, D.; Guarise, A.; Lusso, S.; Masera, M.; Vallero, S.

    2015-05-01

    The private Cloud at the Torino INFN computing centre offers IaaS services to different scientific computing applications. The infrastructure is managed with the OpenNebula cloud controller. The main stakeholders of the facility are a grid Tier-2 site for the ALICE collaboration at LHC, an interactive analysis facility for the same experiment and a grid Tier-2 site for the BES-III collaboration, plus an increasing number of other small tenants. Besides keeping track of the usage, the automation of dynamic allocation of resources to tenants requires detailed monitoring and accounting of the resource usage. As a first investigation towards this, we set up a monitoring system to inspect the site activities both in terms of IaaS and applications running on the hosted virtual instances. For this purpose we used the Elasticsearch, Logstash and Kibana stack. In the current implementation, the heterogeneous accounting information is fed to different MySQL databases and sent to Elasticsearch via a custom Logstash plugin. For the IaaS metering, we developed sensors for the OpenNebula API. The IaaS level information gathered through the API is sent to the MySQL database through an ad-hoc developed RESTful web service, which is also used for other accounting purposes. Concerning the application level, we used the Root plugin TProofMonSenderSQL to collect accounting data from the interactive analysis facility. The BES-III virtual instances used to be monitored with Zabbix, as a proof of concept we also retrieve the information contained in the Zabbix database. Each of these three cases is indexed separately in Elasticsearch. We are now starting to consider dismissing the intermediate level provided by the SQL database and evaluating a NoSQL option as a unique central database for all the monitoring information. We setup a set of Kibana dashboards with pre-defined queries in order to monitor the relevant information in each case. In this way we have achieved a uniform monitoring

  5. Quantitative Analysis of the Principal-Agent Problem in Commercial Buildings in the U.S.: Focus on Central Space Heating and Cooling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blum, Helcio; Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-05-14

    We investigate the existence of the principal-agent (PA) problem in non-government, non-mall commercial buildings in the U.S. in 2003. The analysis concentrates on space heating and cooling energy consumed by centrally installed equipment in order to verify whether a market failure caused by the PA problem might have prevented the installation of energy-efficient devices in non-owner-occupied buildings (efficiency problem) and/or the efficient operation of space-conditioning equipment in these buildings (usage problem). Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) 2003 data for single-owner, single-tenant and multi-tenant occupied buildings were used for conducting this evaluation. These are the building subsets with the appropriate conditions for assessing both the efficiency and the usage problems. Together, these three building types represent 51.9percent of the total floor space of all buildings with space heating and 59.4percent of the total end-use energy consumption of such buildings; similarly, for space cooling, they represent 52.7percent of floor space and 51.6percent of energy consumption. Our statistical analysis shows that there is a usage PA problem. In space heating it applies only to buildings with a small floor area (<_50,000 sq. ft.). We estimate that in 2003 it accounts for additional site energy consumption of 12.3 (+ 10.5 ) TBtu (primary energy consumption of 14.6 [+- 12.4] TBtu), corresponding to 24.0percent (+- 20.5percent) of space heating and 10.2percent (+- 8.7percent) of total site energy consumed in those buildings. In space cooling, however, the analysis shows that the PA market failure affects the complete set of studied buildings. We estimate that it accounts for a higher site energy consumption of 8.3 (+-4.0) TBtu (primary energy consumption of 25.5 [+- 12.2]TBtu), which corresponds to 26.5percent (+- 12.7percent) of space cooling and 2.7percent (+- 1.3percent) of total site energy consumed in those buildings.

  6. La ropa del quintero (jammās según una fetua de al-Qawrī (s. XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camarero Castellano, Inmaculada

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on a fatwā— written by the fifteenth-century Muslim jurist al-Qarawī, which is included in al-Wansharīsī’s al- Mi‘yar. In this fatwā— al-Qarawī responds to various questions regarding the making of a contract for labour upon unirrigated land (muzāra‘a between the landowner and his tenant. Among the questions received on this matter, a request is made for an impoverished landowner to have the right to demand from his tenant the jallābiyya and the salhām/ silhām. Hitherto the term k-bb-sh had not been documented anywhere else under this form. This article suggests that this fatwā contains not one, but rather two distinct fatwā-s. It also takes issue with the differences between the editions of al-Mi‘yar made in Rabat and Fez. Finally, it highlights the various translations and interpretations of the fatwā— and the many divergences between them.

    Una fetua de al-Qawrī (s. xv recogida en al-Miʻyār de al-Wanšarīsī responde a varias cuestiones relacionadas con el contrato de aparcería en tierra de secano (muzāraʻa esttablecida entre el dueño de la tierra y el quintero (jammās. En una de ellas se pide la legalidad para que este aparcero sin reccursos exija una prenda de ropa (k-bb-š a su «socio», tal y como en otras ocasiones se le ha permitido solicitar la ŷallābiyya y el salhām/silhām. Hasta la fecha, el término k-bb-š no se haya registrado bajo esta forma en otro lugar. En este trabajo se plantea la posibilidad de que se trate de dos fetuas diferentes y se pone en cuestión la edición moderna de Rabat, que no se ajusta a la de Fez. Para terminar, se marcan las diferenccias con respecto a la interpretación y tradducción que de esta fetua ha realizado V. Lagardère.

  7. Early evaluation of a second generation information monitoring and diagnostic system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Bourassa, Norman; Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Kinney, Kristopher; Shockman, Christine

    2002-03-25

    Private sector commercial office buildings are challenging environments for energy efficiency projects. This challenge is related to the complexity of business environments that involve ownership, operation, and tenant relationships. Whether it is poor quality design, inefficient operations, degradation of equipment over time, or merely the increasing use of energy by tenants and inattention from landlords, commercial office building energy use continues to increase. This research project was developed to examine the environment for building operations and identify causes of inefficient use of energy related to technical and organizational issues. This report discusses a second-generation Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS) installed at a leased office building in Sacramento, California. The report begins with a brief summary of the IMDS research at the previous building, followed by a discussion of the building selection process, the IMDS design and installation, recent use of the IMDS, costs and benefits, and fault detection and diagnostic research using the IMDS. A web site describes the IMDS in detail (see imds.lbl.gov). The underlying principle of this research project is that high quality building performance data can help show where energy is being used and how buildings systems actually perform is an important first step toward improving building energy efficiency. The project utilizes a high-quality monitoring system that has been developed during the past decade by a partnership between LBNL and private industry. This research project has been successful in demonstrating that the IMDS is tremendously valuable to the building operators at the Sacramento site. The building operators not only accept the technology, but it has become the core of their day-to-day building control concepts. The innovative property management company, Jones Lang LaSalle, is interested in installing more sites to determine if the system could provide an economic

  8. Strategic and Operational Plan Implementation of Seaports (Utilization Jeddah Port

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram Elentably

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Port of Jeddah (Port released the initial version of this Strategic Plan in 2006. It was developed by Port staff, along with input, as a five-year rolling plan designed to guide the Port’s future development while keeping in mind the needs of our tenants, local community members and stakeholders, and the nation. This is the second update to the Strategic Plan since its initial release. While the Port’s overarching principles – commitment to environmental stewardship, addressing tenant needs, goods movement, economic development, and security – have remained largely unchanged, it is important for us to adapt our strategies to meet the challenges of an ever changing local and global environment. The Port is among the world’s premier ports and is a critical hub for global trade. This prominence brings with it responsibilities and expectations for the highest possible standards for efficiency, safety and security, and environmental leadership. The Port is the nation’s busiest container port and part of the world’s busiest port complex, handling 3.7 million twenty-foot equivalent units in 2013. Global trade and goods movement is Western kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s strongest industries in terms of jobs and economic activity. The Port of Jeddah powers these industries, handling almost more than a quarter of the cargo that enters the kingdom of Saudi Arabia annually. Through the Port’s activities, a lot of jobs are created in western kingdom of Saudi Arabia and over five hundred thousand nationwide. In order to maintain our position among the world’ the kingdom of Saudi Arabia premier ports, the Port is continually addressing the demands for providing modern and efficient cargo handling terminals as well as transportation and infrastructure projects. Protecting one of the nation’s most vital economic hubs is also an ongoing challenge. Finally, promoting a sustainable “grow green” philosophy and ensuring that we are the leader

  9. Sanitation investments in Ghana: An ethnographic investigation of the role of tenure security, land ownership and livelihoods

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    Y. Awunyo-Akaba

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ghana’s low investment in household sanitation is evident from the low rates of improved sanitation. This study analysed how land ownership, tenancy security and livelihood patterns are related to sanitation investments in three adjacent rural and peri-urban communities in a district close to Accra, Ghana’s capital. Methods Qualitative data was gathered for this comparative ethnographic study over seven months, (June, 2011-January, 2012 using an average of 43 (bi-weekly participant observation per community and 56 in-depth interviews. Detailed observational data from study communities were triangulated with multiple interview material and contextual knowledge on social structures, history of settlement, land use, livelihoods, and access to and perceptions about sanitation. Results This study shows that the history of settlement and land ownership issues are highly correlated with people’s willingness and ability to invest in household sanitation across all communities. The status of being a stranger i.e. migrant in the area left some populations without rights over the land they occupied and with low incentives to invest in sanitation, while indigenous communities were challenged by the increasing appropriation of their land for commercial enterprises and for governmental development projects. Interview responses suggest that increasing migrant population and the high demand for housing in the face of limited available space has resulted in general unwillingness and inability to establish private sanitation facilities in the communities. The increasing population has also created high demand for cheap accommodation, pushing tenants to accept informal tenancy agreements that provided for poor sanitation facilities. In addition, poor knowledge of tenancy rights leaves tenants in no position to demand sanitation improvements and therefore landlords feel no obligation or motivation to provide and maintain domestic

  10. Rental fees for using the non-residential funds of the municipal fisc and factors of its growth

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    Raul’ R. Yarullin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective to develop the theoretical bases of forming the rent fees for nonresidential funds which constitute the fisc of Ufa municipality and to identify the opportunities of revenues increase from its use. Methods abstractlogical dialectical comparative systematic and structural economic analysis and synthesis. Results the content is disclosed of the rental fees of nonresidential funds constituting the municipal fisc as a cash payment of compensatory and equivalent character for the use of the municipality fisc the necessity is grounded of increasing the budget effectiveness of the municipal nonresidential facilities rent which consists in the proper use of rental fees for maintenance investments in the renovation and construction of nonresidential facilities the availability of funds for their financing and the lack of growth in rents above the economically viable threshold the factors are analyzed which determine the budget revenues from rent affecting the fiscal efficiency of nonresidential facilities rent in Ufa city a number of problematic issues were identified of systemic character reduction of the number of rent contracts reduction of the rented space an excessive amount of the reduced rent arrears of tenants on rents insufficient quality of the information management system ways are propose to improve the budget efficiency and profitability of the nonresidential rent consisting in the transition of nonresidential buildings and premises which are in economic conducting or in operational administration or are unused unregistered into the rent regime with the establishment of feasible rental fees expanding the number of premises the rental fee for the use of which is determined by bidding reduction of benefits to commercial organizations for the rent payment providing full and timely transfer of the arrears from tenants to the budget acceleration of the formation of the automated system for mass valuation of real estate allowing to

  11. Technology Solutions Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-11-01

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency, which faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68°F) than day (73° F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

  12. Building America Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-11-01

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

  13. Fertility in the Age of Demographic Maturity: An Essay

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    Anatole Romaniuk

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available As humanity is moving into a new age of its demographic evolution, I call it demographic maturity, the emerging demographic configurations – generational sub-replacement fertility, advanced aging and potential population implosion – call for new ways of thinking about population and new policy approaches. While we live longer and healthier, we also reproduce less and less. We are stuck in a culture of low fertility. The strong motivations for foregoing motherhood are financial: a two-salary wage is better than one even for the higher middle class. No less important is the woman’s financial independence in a societal environment where marriage as an institution is under considerable stress. Motherhood is to be rewarded adequately for its highly important social role and it has to be sufficient to reassure potential mothers of their financial concerns. What is required is a more balanced resource allocation between production and reproduction. The old welfare type hand-outs like child bonuses do not work. Societies, particularly the rich, ought to realize that to raise fertility, even to generational replacement level, not only is a much greater financial effort called for but some of the tenants of the liberal economy need to be put into question to make room for social concerns such a renewal of generations, if they want to survive as national entities. This essay advocates a stationary population as the best response to challenges such as ecological health, national identity and cohesion, and possibly world peace.

  14. Rehabilitation project of an apartment building in Belgrade, Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović-Popović Milica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As a part of a scientific project conducted at the Faculty of Architecture University of Belgrade a detailed survey of building fund has been made and a typical 1950’s building was chosen as a demonstration project for the energy conscious renovation and retrofit procedure. Rehabilitation has been done in three main phases: detailed analysis and inspection of present state based on available project documentation, on site inspection, thermography, as well as interviews with tenants. In this phase strategies for reconstructions were analyzed and evaluated; first phase of rehabilitation mainly concerned improvement of performance of envelope (façade, windows with addition of an attic level;. second phase maximizes performance of building using various architectural and technical methods. Addition of new volumes (glazed loggias, and partly double skin façades, heat recuperating units, and hot water collectors with redefinition of heating system was the main objectives. For both phases techno-economical analyses were made optimizing possible thermal performance gains and used technology in accordance with economic potential and pay-back period. Also a detailed procedure algorithm was developed in order to give guidelines for future projects of this type.

  15. De la pulsión a la solicitud por el otro: Bases antropológicas para la “pequeña ética” de Ricœur

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    Marie-France Begué

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available L’intention de ce travail consiste à suivre jusqu’au niveau le plus archaïque de la condition humaine, les racines anthropologiques que justifient la fondation d’une éthique, comme celle que propose Paul Ricœur, dans son livre Soi-même-comme-un-autre. D’abord, j’essayerai d’exposer le parcours que fait l’image créatrice, depuis sa genèse pulsionnelle jusqu’à sa plénitude sémantique dans le symbole, selon le dialogue que l’auteur engage avec Freud, dans son œuvre De l’interprétation. Essai sur Freud, à partir de sa préoccupation herméneutique. En suite, tenant compte d’une réflexion critique que Ricœur fait à Freud, j’explorerai l’orientation intentionnelle de “la vie bonne”, dont “l’estime de soi”, son sentiment réflexif, intègre la dimension symbolique de l’action et prépare l’épanouissement de la personne humaine. 

  16. Revision systematique des Leptodirinae souterraines des Monts Apuseni. VII. Les sous-genres Pholeuon (sstr. du bassin de Crisul Negru (Monts du Bihor

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    Gheorghe Racovita

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette septième et dernière étude régionale faisant partie de la révision systématique que nous avons initiée treize ans auparavant, on a disposé de neuf échantillons faunistique totalisant 1.297 individus (579 mâles et 718 femelles. Les résultats fournis par le traitement statistique des données biométriques montrent, dans ce cas de manière encore plus nette que d’habitude, qu’une différenciation des taxons infra-spécifiques n’est pratiquement possible qu’en tenant compte non seulement de la similitude morphologique, mais aussi du facteur biogéographique. Sans que ce dernier soit pourtant utilisé en tant qu’élément de diagnose proprement-dit, cinq sous-espèces nouvelles de Pholeuon (s. str. leptodirum on pu être identifiées: P. l. problematicus, P. l. jeanneli, P. l. moldovani, P. l. fagensis et P. l. nanus. Par ailleurs, certaines modifications ont dues être opérées dans la classification proposée par Jeannel (1923 et acceptée jusque de nos jours.

  17. Mind the gap. Quantifying principal-agent problems in energy efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-10-15

    Energy efficiency presents a unique opportunity to address three energy-related challenges in IEA member countries: energy security, climate change, and economic development. Yet an energy-efficiency gap exists between actual and optimal energy use. That is, significant cost-effective energy efficiency potential is wasted because market barriers prevent countries from achieving optimal levels. Market barriers take many forms, from inadequate access to capital, isolation from price signals, information asymmetry, and split-incentives. Though many studies have reported the existence of such market barriers, none so far have attempted to quantify the magnitude of their effect on energy use and efficiency. This publication is an unprecedented attempt to quantify the size of one of the most pervasive barriers to energy efficiency - principal-agent problems, or in common parlance, variations on the 'landlord-tenant' problem. In doing so, the book provides energy analysts and economists with unique insights into the amount of energy affected by principal-agent problems. Using an innovative methodology applied to eight case studies (covering commercial and residential sectors, and end-use appliances) from five different IEA countries, the analysis identifies over 3,800 PJ/year of affected energy use - that is, around 85% of the annual energy use of a country the size of Spain. The book builds on these findings to suggest a range of possible policy solutions that can reduce the impact of principal-agent problems and help policy makers mind the energy efficiency gap.

  18. A Computing Environment to Support Repeatable Scientific Big Data Experimentation of World-Wide Scientific Literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlicher, Bob G [ORNL; Kulesz, James J [ORNL; Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Kruse, Kara L [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    A principal tenant of the scientific method is that experiments must be repeatable and relies on ceteris paribus (i.e., all other things being equal). As a scientific community, involved in data sciences, we must investigate ways to establish an environment where experiments can be repeated. We can no longer allude to where the data comes from, we must add rigor to the data collection and management process from which our analysis is conducted. This paper describes a computing environment to support repeatable scientific big data experimentation of world-wide scientific literature, and recommends a system that is housed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in order to provide value to investigators from government agencies, academic institutions, and industry entities. The described computing environment also adheres to the recently instituted digital data management plan mandated by multiple US government agencies, which involves all stages of the digital data life cycle including capture, analysis, sharing, and preservation. It particularly focuses on the sharing and preservation of digital research data. The details of this computing environment are explained within the context of cloud services by the three layer classification of Software as a Service , Platform as a Service , and Infrastructure as a Service .

  19. PLAStiCC: Predictive Look-Ahead Scheduling for Continuous dataflows on Clouds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumbhare, Alok [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Simmhan, Yogesh [Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT), Bangalore (India); Prasanna, Viktor K. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2014-05-27

    Scalable stream processing and continuous dataflow systems are gaining traction with the rise of big data due to the need for processing high velocity data in near real time. Unlike batch processing systems such as MapReduce and workflows, static scheduling strategies fall short for continuous dataflows due to the variations in the input data rates and the need for sustained throughput. The elastic resource provisioning of cloud infrastructure is valuable to meet the changing resource needs of such continuous applications. However, multi-tenant cloud resources introduce yet another dimension of performance variability that impacts the application’s throughput. In this paper we propose PLAStiCC, an adaptive scheduling algorithm that balances resource cost and application throughput using a prediction-based look-ahead approach. It not only addresses variations in the input data rates but also the underlying cloud infrastructure. In addition, we also propose several simpler static scheduling heuristics that operate in the absence of accurate performance prediction model. These static and adaptive heuristics are evaluated through extensive simulations using performance traces obtained from public and private IaaS clouds. Our results show an improvement of up to 20% in the overall profit as compared to the reactive adaptation algorithm.

  20. Load Balancing As A Service In Openstack-Liberty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi T V

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing is a technology which provides computing resource on demand over the internet as a service. To meet this many opensource cloud operating system are provided for the tenants in order to get useful services from the cloud. There are many opensource cloud OS like AWS Open Shift HP OpenStack etc. Out of all these OpenStack comes with free of cost and it has got a huge community. It can be installed and deploy in private institution or company with free of cost. This paper provides a model and techniques for the dynamic load balancing in OpenStack for managing the trafficloads among the Virtual Machines. The main purpose is to increase the utilization of computing resources and minimize the traffic. Load Balancing as a Service is one of the main service in OpenStack Networking. OpenStack is an opensource platform which provides Infrastructure as a Service. It allows userstenants tocreate their own private clouds and to deploy Virtual Machines which manages different workloads. In this paper we provide an architecture of openstack LBaaS for dynamic load balancing in open stack cloud deployment.