WorldWideScience

Sample records for teleworking

  1. Telework

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraan, K.O.; Blok, M.

    2014-01-01

    This article gives definitions of teleworking, presents facts about the prevalence of teleworking in Europe, and addresses the relationships that have been reported to exist between teleworking and productivity and well-being. Special attention is paid to psychosocial factors that moderate this

  2. Teleworking through cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Minervini

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available La diffusion des TIC a des effets majeurs sur la société et sur l’économie. L’effet des nouvelles technologies sur le travail est évident dans les transformations de l’organisation du travail et des pratiques dans les organisations. Le télétravail est un bon exemple de ces nouvelles pratiques. Le présent texte expose les résultats d’un projet de recherche récemment mené sur le télétravail. Contrairement à l’approche qui présente un modèle d’avantages pour les acteurs économiques et sociaux, notre hypothèse est que le schème dialogique est lié aux nouvelles technologies et que la coopération est une dimension importante du télétravail. Dans notre étude, la coopération est observée à la fois dans les relations sociales entre employeurs et employés, et dans l’institutionnalisation de relations entre managers et syndicats. Bien que les deux formes de coopération, appelées ici coopération sociale et coopération institutionnelle, soient souvent considérées comme des prérequis aux « meilleures pratiques » en matière de nouvelles organisations du travail, nos études de cas montrent que la coopération n’est pas toujours au rendez-vous, ce qui rend difficile la mise en place des pratiques de télétravail. Nous discutons des résultats de diverses études de cas dans l’industrie et les services en nous centrant sur les relations de coopération et ce, afin de contribuer au débat sociologique sur le télétravail.The diffusion of ICT has massive effects on society and economy. The impact of the new technologies on work is apparent in new ways of organizing work and in new practices introduced in organizations. Telework is one good example within these. In this paper, we present the results of a recent research project on telework, in which we have been engaged. Differently from the approach referring to a model of benefits for economic and social actors, our hypothesis is that the dialogical

  3. A STUDY OF ORGANIZATIONS ATTITUDES TOWARDS TELEWORKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. FİLİZ ALKAN MEŞHUR

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Current development of information and communication technologies has brought about is the ability for employees to work anytime and anywhere. They can work anywhere including home, hotels, airplanes etc. Telecommunications services are substituted for transportation to a conventional office or other workplace. This practice is called "teleworking". The main goal of this paper is to evaluate the viewpoint of organizations to telework. The paper begins with a brief summary of telework concept. Then, a sample survey was conducted in order to conceive the attitude of organizations to telework. Finally, recommendations were suggested related to telework implementation in Turkey.

  4. A Correlational Study of Telework Frequency, Information Communication Technology, and Job Satisfaction of Home-Based Teleworkers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster-Trotman, Shana P.

    2010-01-01

    In 2008, 33.7 million Americans teleworked from home. The Telework Enhancement Act (S. 707) and the Telework Improvements Act (H.R. 1722) of 2009 were designed to increase the number of teleworkers. The research problem addressed was the lack of understanding of factors that influence home-based teleworkers' job satisfaction. Job dissatisfaction…

  5. Telework and the Manager Employee Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    comparative research method , this paper examines the impact that telework can have on relationships and makes some suggestions on how to improve telework... qualitative strategy that uses causal-comparative research to explore the impact that telework has on the manager-employee relationship. Research ...intended to answer this paper’s specific research question. Therefore, it is possible that either the wrong types of studies were selected or that their

  6. Teleworking: An Examination of the Irish Dichotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deirdre Donovan

    2013-07-01

    Given the attitudinal challenges to telework within Irish organisations, the research findings suggest that there would be clear merit in piloting telework initiatives with carefully selected candidates. Multinationals and young dynamic businesses which remain open to innovative work practices, particularly in the services and technology sectors, are ideally positioned for such an initiative. Coupled with the extension of broadband, a successful outcome, with government sponsored PR, could pave the way for expanding the practice of teleworking in Ireland. This research would be of particular benefit to organisations and individuals considering the option of telework in the future.

  7. Telework centers as local development

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentzen, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the establishment of distant work centers as an element in local development strategies in rural areas with a particular view on two new telework centers in Region North DenmarkDistant work is a phenomenon on the rise, due to the development of the internet on the one hand and new flexible work functions on the other hand. Not only the exchange of documents, but also meetings can be organized virtually by still better video conference equipment and programs. An implicatio...

  8. A REDEFINITION OF TELEWORK THROUGH CLOUD COMPUTING - TELEWORK 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Ghilic-Micu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we aim to analyse two paradigms, from the perspective of the mutual recursivity between them: telework and cloud computing. The main purpose of this scientific endeavour is to determine the level of support of each paradigm for the other and the synergic effect generated by their interdependence. We will approach functional, juridical and environmental issues. As result, we aim to highlight the way Cloud computing solutions may revolutionize all that is telework and who telework may be redefined through the transition to a superior level, called telework 2.0.

  9. Teleworking: An Examination of the Irish Dichotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Deirdre Donovan; Dr Angela Wright

    2013-01-01

    Changing demographics and labour market structures are placing increased pressure on identifying work/life balance solutions, while global competition is forcing companies to look beyond traditional solutions to search for competitive advantage. Recent rapid technology developments facilitate a strategic application of teleworking, which, in suitable organisations, would appear to alleviate both of these issues. Despite this, the limited evidence that exists in the telework literature indicat...

  10. "Tele"working in Higher Education: What Managers Should Know "before" Developing Teleworking Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Kristin Albright

    2015-01-01

    Over the last several decades, changes in the workplace within higher education has led to the notion of teleworking: the opportunity for employees to complete work in a remote location. This article will review the various concepts of teleworking, as well as the pros, cons, and implications for the work environment within higher education.

  11. Telework centers as local development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Anne

    2013-01-01

    of the telework center projects in terms of e.g. jobs, entrepreneurship, attraction or retention of population, and reduced commuting. Also the challenges and risks of failure connected with them will be discussed. Based on this points for further research will be suggested. Theoretically the paper will draw...... and new flexible work functions on the other hand. Not only the exchange of documents, but also meetings can be organized virtually by still better video conference equipment and programs. An implication is that an increasing number of new service jobs in the knowledge economy can be carried out...... regardless of location, as long as there is access to internet. Not only firms, but individual labor is potentially liberated from the logic of physical location and proximity. Technically speaking ‘geography is dead’ and the clustering of new service jobs in big cities is no longer a technical necessity...

  12. Throw Away that Telework Manual!' - the Limitations of Existing Telework Literature in the B2C e-Business Context

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gani, Zoohan

    2004-01-01

    ... failing to consider the different circumstances of the individual teleworkers. This paper reports on the pilot study that examined telework in the business-to-consumer e-business application as part of a Ph.D. study...

  13. TELEWORK New Way of Working in 21st Century

    OpenAIRE

    Baltiņa, I; Vītola, A

    2012-01-01

    Even if the issue of telework (distant work, smart work) can be found in the European Commission’s agenda since mid of 1990s statistical data on employees working as teleworkers is still low. Also data on teleworkers in member states differ. The distinctive north-south differences in the take up of telework in the Europe are clearly shown. In 2005 the highest rate 14,4% involved in telework at least “a quarter of the time” or more was in Denmark, but the lowest 2,3% in Italy. Therefore the...

  14. The skills of a teleworker for competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Patricia Guzmán Duque

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT in organizations favors business competitiveness. This article presents teleworking as a hiring mechanism through the use of ICT and the need to define the competencies related to a teleworker’s activities. The research was carried out with 114 entrepreneurs of the footwear sector in Bucaramanga, Colombia to ascertain their perceptions on the adoption of this work modality. The results reflect that hiring teleworkers will require establishing trust and developing skills that go beyond their computer knowledge. Entrepreneurs present evidence that teleworkers must be responsible, creative, innovative, compliant with their duty, and develop the competencies related to communication, time management, and literacy to improve business competitiveness.

  15. The architectural dimension of teleworking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iztok Kovačič

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The computer has become an integral part of our environment. With the integration of information and communication technologies into the working process the organization of office work is rapidly changing, influencing the office spaces as well as office buildings. The continuous evolution of sophisticated and mobile devices, developed as a result of information and communication revolution, enables us not only to work in the office but also at home, on the train, in hotels or even on the beach, in the park. The common name for this kind of activity is teleworking. One of the latest varieties is the combination of mobile work and home office that was called Sharing office. The workers usually perform most of their tasks at home and only come to office for briefings, meetings or similar kind of operation. The office building of the future will therefore be created with the purpose to connect and unite workers for common tasks and reconciliation. It will become the center point for people to meet and communicate. Architecture will therefore take upon itself the catalyst function.

  16. Teleworking in South Africa: Employee benefits and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholas Baard; Adèle Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: Virtual working arrangements present possible benefits to organisations and their employees. However, in South Africa, few organisations have implemented teleworking as a specific form of virtual work. The benefits and challenges to teleworkers are therefore largely unknown. Research purpose: The present study aimed to identify employee perceptions of personal benefits and challenges of teleworking. Motivation for the study: The study sought to contribute insights for S...

  17. Interpersonal communication and creativity in journalistic telework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manssour, Ana Beatriz Benites

    2003-02-01

    Man and work histories are interlaced to tell us how the interaction among different human groups have helped in the development of intellectual capacities of our species. Creativity is mostly seen as a gift or an individual quality, for whose bloom and exercise there are internal and external factors, understood as stimulants of the creative process. Research for a master's thesis had, as its principal aim, the analysis of the subjective impact of telework on the workers personal satisfaction. Our second category authenticates the importance of interpersonal communication among fellow workers as incentive to personal creativity. The study was developed with columnists of a great newspaper with a big circulation in the south of Brazil, because telework is a tool of the press media, and creativity is a requirement for journalistic employment.

  18. Environmental Impact of Teleworking and Teleshopping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten

    This paper analyses the impact of two ICT applications on the total demand for transport (telework and teleshopping). These applications are selected as they were expected to be among the applications with the highest potential for savings in transport. The analysis indicates that the total impact...... is limited and might be even negative if rebound effects are included, and that the promotion of ICT applications must be accommodated by other measures before a noticeable positive impact on transport behaviour can be achieved....

  19. Telework: Timesaving or Timeconsuming? An Investigation into Actual Working Hours

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, P.; Wetzels, C.T.A.H.; Tijdens, K

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to clarify the relationship between telework and the actual time employees put into their jobs. One of the reported threats to teleworkers' personal lives is that in order to finish their work, they not only use up saved commuting time, but also part of their non-working hours, even

  20. Factor Structure of Individual Consequences for Teleworking Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Campbell

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the increasing popularity of telework, little is known about individual outcomes that arise particularly for teleworking professionals. We build on earlier research by examining the conceptual constructs of individual consequences from telework. We initially categorized consequences identified in the extant literature into five areas. However, this model was not supported by confirmatory factor analysis of survey data collected from 250 teleworking accounting professionals. Subsequent exploratory factor analysis revealed a more complex six-factor structure relating to (1 Effectiveness; (2 Self-assurance; (3 Working with Others; (4 Work Pressure; (5 Professional Image; and (6 Physicality. The results extend our understanding of latent constructs underlying telework by professional knowledge workers, and provide a basis for further refinement of our model based on empirical research and theoretical development.

  1. Throw Away that Telework Manual!’ - the Limitations of Existing Telework Literature in the B2C e-Business Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    of Case B identified the importance of a Customer Relationship Management ( CRM ) strategy in their e-business for effective telework to occur as...telework that acknowledge and take account of the heterogeneity of teleworkers. Keywords. Telework, e-Business, Customer relationship management ...to build rapport on-line with the customers makes it easier to work from outside the office. Fourthly, the employees (T3 and T4) and manager (M2

  2. Home-based telework in France: Characteristics, barriers and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    AGUILERA, Anne; LETHIAIS, Virginie; RALLET, Alain; PROULHAC, Laurent

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this article is to explain the gap between high social expectations, particularly in terms of reducing commuting frequency, increasing productivity and improving work-life balance, and the reality of home-based telework. We use three French databases which give information about employers but also employees. We highlight that telework is not only a fairly restricted phenomenon but also one that lacks impetus; it is mainly an informal working arrangement. The main reasons raised by ...

  3. Telework adoption and formalization in organizations from a knowlegde transfer perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, P.; Batenburg, R.S.

    2015-01-01

    This study uses a knowledge transfer perspective, focusing both on 'disruptive' and 'commiting' consequences of teleworking affecting organisational knowledge transfer, to understand variations in the adoption and formalisation of teleworking practices in organisations. It hypothesises the influence

  4. The role of organisational support in teleworker wellbeing: a socio-technical systems approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentley, T A; Teo, S T T; McLeod, L; Tan, F; Bosua, R; Gloet, M

    2016-01-01

    The prevalence of telework and other forms of mobile working enabled by digital technology is increasing markedly. Following a socio-technical systems approach, this study aims to examine the role of organisational social support and specific support for teleworkers in influencing teleworker wellbeing, the mediating role of social isolation, potentially resulting from a person-environment mismatch in these relationships, and possible differences in these relationships between low-intensity and hybrid teleworkers. Teleworkers' (n = 804) perceptions of support and telework outcomes (psychological strain, job satisfaction, and social isolation) were collected using an on-line survey of teleworking employees distributed within 28 New Zealand organisations where knowledge work was undertaken. Organisational social support and teleworker support was associated with increased job satisfaction and reduced psychological strain. Social isolation mediated the relationship between organisational social support and the two outcome variables, and some differences were observed in the structural relationships for hybrid and low-intensity teleworker sub-samples. These findings suggest that providing the necessary organisational and teleworker support is important for enhancing the teleworker-environment fit and thereby ensuring desirable telework outcomes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  5. 78 FR 73702 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Telework Travel Expenses Test Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ...; Docket Number 2013-0012, Sequence 1] RIN 3090-AJ23 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Telework Travel...). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: GSA is amending the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) to incorporate the Telework Enhancement Act of 2010, which establishes and authorizes telework travel expenses test programs...

  6. Cultural Sources of Variance in Telework Adoption in two Subsidiaries of an ICT-Multinational

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, P.; Bleijenbergh, I.L.; Oldenkamp, E.

    2009-01-01

    This comparative case-study examines to what extent telework adoption among line managers in two subsidiaries of the same ICT-multinational in France and the Netherlands mirrors cultural values. In the Dutch case, a formal telework program was discontinued, but managers viewed informal teleworking

  7. Teleworking: Work/Life Balance of Online Instructors with Disabilities: A Phenomenological Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisey, Allyson G.

    2012-01-01

    Since the mid-1970s, teleworking has been recognized as being beneficial to organizations, individuals, and communities. In the 1980s and 1990s, advancements in technology made teleworking an attractive option for many workers, including those with disabilities. Teleworking has gained popularity and has been heralded as a method of accommodation…

  8. Teleworking in South Africa: Employee benefits and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Baard

    2010-10-01

    Research purpose: The present study aimed to identify employee perceptions of personal benefits and challenges of teleworking. Motivation for the study: The study sought to contribute insights for South African business practice in this under-researched field. Research design, approach and method: This exploratory study collected primary data through the distribution of an electronic questionnaire to 94 employees at three South African organisations, with a 67% response rate. The survey included both closed and open-ended questions that were analysed using a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques. Main findings: Most of the internationally identified benefits of teleworking were supported by participants, such as improved productivity, increased job satisfaction and organisational loyalty, decreased stress and improved work-life balance. Challenges identified included an increase in working hours and the lack of availability of training opportunities. Practical/managerial implications: The possible employee benefits and challenges of teleworking may assist organisations in devising teleworking practices and procedures that leverage benefits and address challenges inherent in this form of work practice. Contribution/value add: The study aims to supplement the dearth of knowledge about teleworking, specifically in the South African context, to assist organisations practically in their development of this form of virtual work arrangement for the benefit of organisations and their employees.

  9. Toward a deeper understanding of the willingness to seek help: the case of teleworkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Timothy D; Schoenleber, Alisa H W

    2014-01-01

    Employees frequently do not engage in help-seeking due to the associated social costs. Despite the importance of help-seeking, little research has been done to explore factors affecting whether individuals will or will not engage in help-seeking at work, and existing research has thus far not addressed help seeking in the telework context. This paper expands the current literature on help-seeking by exploring this behavior in the context of teleworkers and develops propositions regarding how aspects of virtual work environments will help determine teleworkers' willingness to engage in help-seeking behavior. This article presents a review with critical analysis and integration of selected telework and help-seeking literatures. Grounded in the literature on inequity/indebtedness and the literature on threats to self-esteem, theoretically-derived research propositions are developed that help shed insights into help seeking behaviors in the telework context. These research propositions encompass media presence and the teleworker's perceived opportunity for reciprocation, and their associated impacts on the perceived cost of seeking help. The proposed research propositions provide practitioners and researchers a means to be better able to assess telework applications and prevent unintended effects. Through such systematic understanding of how telework alters the perceived cost of seeking help and the teleworker's willingness to seek help, telework may be further improved to contribute to more effective and productive individuals and organizations.

  10. Teleworking: Benefits and Pitfalls as Perceived by Professionals and Managers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baruch, Yehuda

    2000-01-01

    Interviews with 60 British teleworkers showed that working at home did not change their employee identity; time management skills were crucial; reduction of distractions was a prime benefit; and the home environment provided better relationships and support. Telecommuting resulted in changed attitudes, satisfaction, less stress, and better…

  11. Managing Complex Distance Education Projects in a Telework Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ally, Mohamed; Cleveland-Innes, Marti; Wiseman, Colin

    2010-01-01

    The advances of communication technologies have allowed professionals to work on distance education projects in a telework environment. Managers of these projects must have the skills to manage the projects from a distance. They must be able to select the appropriate team members to work on the project, orient team members, and monitor team…

  12. Telework 96: An International Collaborative Learning Package for Information Entrepreneurs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davenport, Elisabeth; Wormell, Irene

    1997-01-01

    Describes the implementation of an international joint course developed by Queen Margaret College in Scotland and the Royal School of Librarianship in Denmark introducing undergraduate students to tools and issues relevant to teleworking, or working at home. Discusses course objectives, class assignments, student assessment, and program…

  13. Army Contracting Command--Picatinny Telework Policy: Applying Lessons Learned from the Federal Government

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Telecommuting Initiative OPM Office of Personnel Management OMB Office of Management and Budget OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration...telework, such as telecommuting , flexible workplace, remote work, virtual work, and mobile work, which it states “are all used to refer to work done...gives a basic explanation of telework similar to that of OPM’s and again includes with the definition of telework terms like telecommuting , flexible

  14. Telework and daily life: Its pros and cons for work-life balance

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Pérez Sánchez; Ana María Gálvez Mozo

    2009-01-01

    In this article we discuss whether telework constitutes a useful work-life balance strategy for women teleworkers with dependants. From our analysis we show that the discourse of the women interviewed about telework is not homogeneous, compact or linear, but includes plenty of contradictions, paradoxes and tensions. This fact reinforces telework’s enormous polysemy: it liberates and enslaves, it is a trap and an opportunity, it fulfills and can mean self-sacrifice. But, despite this ric...

  15. Gathering Ideas Online: Results of the Navy Personnel Command (NPC) Telework Virtual Suggestion Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT...participate in telecommuting (another term for telework), and in 2001, the Under Secretary of Defense memorandum provided a policy for telework within...Manpower, Personnel, Training and Education Telecommuting (Telework) Program (CHNAVPERSNOTE 5330). Washington, DC: Author. Commander, Navy

  16. Telework rationale and implementation for people with disabilities: considerations for employer policymaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Nathan W; Linden, Maureen A; Bricout, John C; Baker, Paul M A

    2014-01-01

    Telework has been promoted as a viable workplace accommodation for people with disabilities since the 1990s, when information and communication technologies (ICT) had developed sufficiently to facilitate its widespread adoption. This initial research and accompanying policy recommendations were prescriptive in nature and frequently aimed at employers. This article adds to existing policy models for facilitating successful telework outcomes for people with disabilities. Drawing upon two studies by the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Workplace Accommodations, we expound on employee-side considerations in the implementation of telework. Our policy model utilizes established typologies for policy evaluation to develop a process model that considers rationales and implementation factors for telework among people with physical disabilities. Telework may be used as an accommodation for disability, but employee rationales for telework are more complex, involving work-life balance, strategies for pain and fatigue not formally recognized as disability, and expediency in travel and transportation. Implementation of telework as a component of workplace operations is similarly multifaceted, involving non-technology accommodations to realize job restructuring left incomplete by telework. Our model grounds new empirical research in this area. We also renew our call for additional research on effective telework practices for people with disabilities.

  17. Telework as an Option to Postpone the Retirement for Ageing People?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvola René

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Developed countries are concerned about financial problems that are caused by people’s continuously extending life span. Telework can be seen as a tool of influencing the senior employees to postpone their retirement. Current research uses empirical data from a survey with 127 respondents that work for real estate companies in Estonia. Results show that a great number of older people who are currently working with information communication technology (ICT agree to work longer if they can use telework. It is necessary to educate employees and employers about the disadvantages and risks concerning telework as well as introducing the potential of telework.

  18. Results of the Navy Telework and Technology Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE...Background • In 2000, Public Law 106-346, §359, indicated that all executive agencies needed to introduce policies for telecommuting • Telework can be...indicated that all executive agencies had to introduce policies for telecommuting ; these policies have taken on additional importance in light of recent

  19. Comparing Teleworker Performance, Satisfaction, and Retention in the Joint Interoperability Test Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurd, Danny A.

    2010-01-01

    Telework is becoming one of the best options available to help organizations gain a competitive advantage. When management considers the fluctuating cost of fuel, emphasis on employee flexibility, and need to retain the most-qualified workforce, telework can be advantageous for solving problems. This quantitative comparative (non-experimental)…

  20. Cross Cultural Differences in Managers’ Support for Home-based Telework : A Theoretical Elaboration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, Pascale; Dulk, Laura den

    2003-01-01

    Home-based telework is one of the arrangements organizations can introduce to facilitate a better balance between employees’ professional and private lives. This article focuses on the question of under what conditions managers grant a subordinate’s request to telework and what role national

  1. Impact of Telework On the Perceived Work Environment of Older Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvola René

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Telework has become a natural part of regular work life of employees who use the information communication technology (ICT. Telework has a potential to support postponing retirement for mental workers. The objective of this research was to find out interaction between senior employees′ teleworking and well-being. The main research question was - can telework improve elderly employees′ well-being? Over 100 respondents from different areas in mental work were involved in a quantitative survey. The results of a conducted survey showed that telework is exaggerated to some extent as teleworkers’ well-being (M = 7.79; SD = 1.28 does not diverge from non-teleworkers′ wellbeing (M = 7.75; SD = 1.40. However, telework can be neither underestimated nor taken as interchangeable with traditional work. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to telework as a different way of working with its specialties. Systematic approach to telework enables companies to employ elderly by providing diversity of work forms.

  2. When more is less: An examination of the relationship between hours in telework and role overload.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duxbury, Linda; Halinski, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Proponents of telework arrangements assert that those who telework have more control over their work and family domains than their counterparts who are not permitted to work from home. Using Karasek's theory we hypothesized that the relationship between demands (hours in work per week; hours in childcare per week) and strain (work role overload; family role overload) would be moderated by the number of hours the employee spent per week teleworking (control). To determine how the number of telework hours relates to work role overload and family role overload, we follow the test for moderation and mediation using hierarchical multiple regression analysis as outlined by Frazier et al. [50] We used survey data collected from 1,806 male and female professional employees who spent at least one hour per week working from home during regular hours (i.e. teleworking). As hypothesized, the number of hours in telework per week negatively moderated the relation between work demands (total hours in paid employment per week) and work strain (work role overload). Contrary to our hypothesis, the number of hours in telework per week only partially mediated the relation between family demands (hours a week in childcare) and family role overload (strain). The findings from this study support the idea that the control offered by telework is domain specific (helps employees meet demands at work but not at home).

  3. Virtual exclusion and telework: barriers and opportunities of technocentric workplace accommodation policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Paul M A; Moon, Nathan W; Ward, Andrew C

    2006-01-01

    Teleworking, a restructuring of the manner in which work occurs, based on information communication technologies (ICTs), is a promising way of further integrating people with disabilities into the workplace. In contrast to telecommuting, in which the work is primarily shifted in locale, telework is a restructuring of the tasks to be accomplished within the larger work setting which could result in "work" being done remotely, or collaboratively with coworkers (remotely or not) using ICTs. Drawing upon a review of the literature, this paper explores the relationship between telework and people with disabilities. While the advent of telecommuting and subsequently "teleworking" might open increased opportunities for the hiring of people with disabilities, it may also place severe constraints on the type of work, workplace environment and interactions, and accumulation of social capital for people with disabilities. Whereas much of the prevailing literature on telework and disability is often proscriptive in nature and is written with an audience of employers in mind, it is just as important to consider policy options from the standpoint of the employee as well. This paper proposes a number of policy approaches for the creation of an inclusive work environment for teleworkers with disabilities that can minimize, as much as possible, the social isolation faced by teleworkers with disabilities while maximizing their participation within the workplace community. Policy objectives for enhancing telework for people with disabilities fall into three general categories: 1) research, 2) outreach, and 3) interventions.

  4. Increasing Teleworking Skills of Student Translators: Turkish Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil İbrahim BALKUL

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study reflects pedagogical implications derived from “Translation in the 2nd foreign language” course offered at Translation Studies Department at Sakarya University, Turkey in 2014- 2015 academic year / fall term. The insights derived from the classroom sessions were obtained from the instructor’s observations based on reflective journals, which were updated on a weekly basis. These observations provided a great deal of qualitative data. The course attendees used a Facebook group forum specifically designed for the course discussions and students-teacher communication. They also received their translation projects and then sent them via Facebook messaging system and e-mail till the deadline identified previously by the instructor. The findings reveal that trainee translators’ teleworking skills increased as they became more conscious users of computer assisted translation (CAT tools and social networks. In this way, they are more adaptable to work with distant colleagues, clients and translation vendors in their future career. Keywords: Teleworking, Tele-Translation, Translation Technologies, Translator Training, Use of Social Network Sites

  5. Telework in Europe and Latvia: State-of-the-art and Future Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Baltiņa, I; Vītola, A

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of the article. More usually companies are using telework – a wide-spread practice that allows employees and their tasks to be shared across settings away from central place of business or physical organizational location. Flexible work arrangements are increasingly seen as a key in helping women and men strike a better balance between work, private and family life. Moreover, telework may serve as a tool for regional development as it allows reaching the concentration of resources by ...

  6. The Telework as an Organizational Innovation in the Entities of the Third Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Ã ngel Belzunegui; Amaya Erro; Inma Pastor

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the role of the telework as an organizational innovation incorporated to the activities of the third sector as well as in the creation of networks and links between these entities. The telework has become a tool that has produced important changes in the traditional organization of the work, and has improved the inter- and intra-organizational communication, in addition to promoting the creation of extensive networks of collaboration in the third sector. The online conn...

  7. Enabling a Mobile Workforce: How to Implement Effective Teleworking at U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories - A Guidebook and Toolkit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myers, Lissa [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Hall, Cheri [National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Albany, OR (United States); Rambo, Christian [Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States). Sustainability Performance Office; Sikes, Karen [CSRA Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Rukavina, Frank [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Ischay, Christopher [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Stoddard Conrad, Emily [Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States). Sustainability Performance Office; Bender, Sadie [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Moran, Mike [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Williams, Jeffrey [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Nichols, Teresa A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ahl, Amanda G. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-06-01

    Teleworking, also known as telecommuting, has grown in popularity in today’s workforce, evolving from an employment perk to a business imperative. Facilitated by improved mobile connectivity and ease of remote access, employees and organizations are increasingly embracing teleworking.

  8. Finding the Optimal Mix between Telework and Office Hours to Enhance Employee Productivity: A Study into the Relationship between Telework Intensity and Individual Productivity, with Mediation of Intrinsic Motivation and Moderation of Office Hours

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoornweg, N.; Peters, P.; Heijden, B.I.J.M. van der; Leede, J. de

    2016-01-01

    This survey study among 111 teleworkers in a bank organization investigated the relationship between telework intensity and individual productivity, and whether this relationship was mediated by employees’ intrinsic motivation. Also the moderating role of office hours in the model’s associations was

  9. "Home is at work and work is at home": telework and individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNaughton, David; Rackensperger, Tracy; Dorn, Dana; Wilson, Natasha

    2014-01-01

    Telework, the use of distance communication technologies to participate in the workforce, has been suggested as a promising employment strategy for individuals with disabilities. The goal of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the benefits and negative impacts of telework, as well as the supports and challenges to telework activities, for persons who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). This study used a series of focus group discussions, conducted on the internet, to examine the employment experiences of nine individuals with disabilities who used AAC and who held jobs that involved the use of telework. Four major themes emerged from the discussion: (a) benefits of telework, (b) negative impacts of telework, (c) strategies for addressing negative impacts of telework, and (d) recommendations for improving employment outcomes for individuals who use AAC. In summary, while participants identified the elimination of travel time and flexible work schedules as key strengths of telework, concerns were expressed regarding feelings of isolation and the difficulty in separating home and work environments. The participants also emphasized the important role of educational programs in supporting the acquisition of literacy and self-advocacy skills, and the need for post-secondary programs to support the school-to-workplace transition.

  10. Of the people, by the people, for the people : A study of teleworking and BYOD in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bilanovic, V.

    2017-01-01

    In this thesis we look at why teleworking failed to become the norm in the Netherlands and if so, what could be done about it. In the process we investigate what teleworking means to the employee, employer and the government, examining various advantages and disadvantages by drawing from the

  11. Telework and daily life: Its pros and cons for work-life balance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Pérez Sánchez

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we discuss whether telework constitutes a useful work-life balance strategy for women teleworkers with dependants. From our analysis we show that the discourse of the women interviewed about telework is not homogeneous, compact or linear, but includes plenty of contradictions, paradoxes and tensions. This fact reinforces telework’s enormous polysemy: it liberates and enslaves, it is a trap and an opportunity, it fulfills and can mean self-sacrifice. But, despite this rich complexity, our women informants agree on one particular matter: telework’s risks and possibly pernicious effects cannot hide either its advantages for work-life balance or the benefits it brings, at least in some cases, to one's personal life.

  12. Teleworking Technology Adoption in Organizations: Explaining the Role of Social Influence, Motivation and Facilitating Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alirezaei Alirezaei

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to investigate the structural relationship between social influence, motivation and facilitating conditions with the use behaviour of teleworking technology, considering the moderating effect of behavioural intention to utilize teleworking. The research is done according to descriptive method with correlational type. Statistical population is public organizations and the sample was selected using simple random sampling. Data collection tool was questionnaire and experts judged its validity. The reliability of the tool was evaluated using a pre-test of 30 people. The data gathered from a sample of 365 people used to test the hypothesis and conceptual model of the research. By exploratory factor analysis and structural equation model path analysis was done. The results show that social influence, motivation and facilitating conditions have a positive impact on behavioural intention to use teleworking systems and this behavioural intention cause an increase in using behaviour among employees.

  13. Telework v Evropě a v Lotyšsku: moderní přístupy a budoucí perspektivy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iveta Baltina

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: More usually companies are using telework – a wide-spread practice that allows employees and their tasks to be shared across settings away from central place of business or physical organizational location. Flexible work arrangements are increasingly seen as a key in helping women and men strike a better balance between work, private and family life. Moreover, telework may serve as a tool for regional development as it allows reaching the concentration of resources by using information and communication technologies. Methodology/methods: The article has been prepared based on the analysis of primary and secondary sources, outcome synthesis and the evaluation of results of a survey of public officials of Latvia (n=1244 and semistructured interviews with five teleworkers. Scientific aim: The purpose of this research is to assess the demand for telework in Latvia and make suggestions for the facilitation of telework (not only in metropolitan, but also less populated areas by taking into account the European experience. Findings: Even if the issue of telework (distant work, smart work can be found in the European Commission’s agenda the level of employees in European Union working as teleworkers is still rather low. The Latvian case study shows that there is a potential to extend the use of telework. Young people who have established their own business are the first in line to become teleworkers. Also public sector officials would like to be involved in teleworking and believe that it would increase their performance. However, most of the employed are sceptical about the use of telework. Conclusions: Explanatory and encouraging measures could help to foster the use of telework. Establishment of smart work centers could be a promising solution for further spread of telework, including the countryside, thus also facilitating the regional development.

  14. Telework: timesaving or time-consuming? An investigation into actual working hours

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, P.; Wetzels, C.; Tijdens, K.

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to clarify the relationship between telework and the actual time employees put into their jobs. One of the reported threats to teleworkers’ personal lives is that in order to finish their work, they not only use up saved commuting time, but also part of their non-working hours, even

  15. THE TELEWORK, A FLEXIBLE WAY TO WORK IN A CHANGING WORKPLACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria-Mihaela BRINZEA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available When asked about the working hours, most Romanians will respond: five days a week, 8 hours a day, between 8:00 and 16:00 or between 9:00 and 17:00. But, worldwide, more and more companies choose to modify this traditional work program. The flexible work schedules appear as a reliable alternative, which, with the help of advanced technologies, eliminates the spatial barriers imposed by the traditional manner of work. The aim of our paper is to approach the telework as a version of the flexible program of work. To achieve this purpose, we have made a literature review to see how the telework is used nowadays in organizations. In this approach, we started from the conceptual definition of this term. We continued with the presentation of the implementation state of this manner of work in different countries and with the study of the factors that transform the telework into a widely-agreed way of working. Following the analysis, a number of advantages and limits of using the telework have been revealed, leading to the conclusion that, when it used correctly and consistently, this manner of flexible working meets the needs of the employees, but also of the employers, both actors being considered winners.

  16. Knowledge Worker Perceptions of Telework Policy in the New York Metropolitan Area: A Qualitative Descriptive Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaughter, Sandra Lorraine Hawks

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative descriptive case study, "Knowledge Worker Perceptions of Telework in the New York Metropolitan Area," was conducted to explore the perceptions of knowledge workers who commute to a physical workplace in the New York Metropolitan area (NYMA). In-depth interviews were conducted with fourteen NYMA commuters who are…

  17. A more ‘autonomous’ European social dialogue: the implementation of the Framework Agreement On Telework

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, J.; Ramos Martín, N.

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the implementation of the first ‘autonomous’ agreement signed by the European social partners. The European Framework Agreement on Telework of July 2002 was to be implemented ‘in accordance with the procedures and practices specific to management and labour and the Member

  18. A study on the effect of teleworking on quality of work life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Azarbouyeh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays teleworking has become a useful technique for business development and improving employees’ quality of life. Many people are now able to stay at home and do their daily job activities without bothering to wear formal closes. This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the effect of teleworking on quality of life using Walton (1976 method [Walton, R. E. (1973. Quality of working life-what is it. Sloan Management Review, 15(1, 11-21.]. The variables of quality of working-life according to Walton Model are: “Adequate and fair compensation”, “Safe and Healthy Working conditions”, “Opportunity for Continued Growth and Security”, “The Social Relevance of Work Life”, “Total Life Space”, “Social Integration in the Work”, “Constitutionalism in the work Organization”, “Human Progress Capabilities”. Using different statistical tests, the study indicate that teleworking had significant positive relationship with Quality of Working-Life components. The study also reports that different personal characteristics such as age, gender had no meaningful impact on teleworking.

  19. Women’s employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Heejung; van der Horst, Mariska

    2017-01-01

    This article sets out to investigate how flexitime and teleworking can help women maintain their careers after childbirth. Despite the increased number of women in the labour market in the UK, many significantly reduce their working hours or leave the labour market altogether after childbirth. Based on border and boundary management theories, we expect flexitime and teleworking can help mothers stay employed and maintain their working hours. We explore the UK case, where the right to request ...

  20. Women's employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Heejung; van der Horst, Mariska

    2018-01-01

    This article sets out to investigate how flexitime and teleworking can help women maintain their careers after childbirth. Despite the increased number of women in the labour market in the UK, many significantly reduce their working hours or leave the labour market altogether after childbirth. Based on border and boundary management theories, we expect flexitime and teleworking can help mothers stay employed and maintain their working hours. We explore the UK case, where the right to request flexible working has been expanded quickly as a way to address work-life balance issues. The dataset used is Understanding Society (2009-2014), a large household panel survey with data on flexible work. We find some suggestive evidence that flexible working can help women stay in employment after the birth of their first child. More evidence is found that mothers using flexitime and with access to teleworking are less likely to reduce their working hours after childbirth. This contributes to our understanding of flexible working not only as a tool for work-life balance, but also as a tool to enhance and maintain individuals' work capacities in periods of increased family demands. This has major implications for supporting mothers' careers and enhancing gender equality in the labour market.

  1. Knowledge and willingness to use telework in service organizations of the Maule Region, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel A. Bustamante

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The article identifies the degree of knowledge possessed by in directors and executives of medium and big companies, regarding to telework and it determines the degree of utilization of this labor modality for organizations oriented to the service sector located in a central geographic area of Chile (Region on the Maule that has a population close to one million of inhabitants. The informaiton comes from a questionnaire and focus groups. The universe of institutions was composed by 195 service entities, of medium and big size, located in the main cities of the territory. Talca, Curico and Linares, costituting a sample of 143 cases. A probability sampling procedure, random and proportionally stratified was implemented according to the criteria of annual sales, geographic location and economic activity sector. The data was statistically analyzed with significance tests. The main results show that in more than 50% of the organizations, the cultural and human variables are important for any way of work and that the lack of technologies and means of information transport and communication to telework, make it impossible. It emphasizes a high disposition to use it. In the organizations, the hierarchical levels with bigger knowledge of the topic were the superior executives. Pointing out significant differences among the organizations that apply or not the telework in these performance levels.

  2. Leader beliefs and CSR for employees : the case of telework provision

    OpenAIRE

    Mayo, Margarita; Gomez-Mejia, Luis; Firfiray, Shainaz; Berrone, Pascual; Villena, Veronica H.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose:\\ud – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of top leaders beliefs in the importance of work-family balance as a key determinant in explaining the adoption of social practices oriented toward internal stakeholders, focussing on home telework as one of these practices.\\ud \\ud Design/methodology/approach:\\ud – A sample of 2,388 top executive officers reported the senior leaders belief favoring work-family balance by completing a new scale developed for this purpose asking...

  3. A New Mode of European Regulation? The Implementation of the Autonomous Framework Agreement on Telework in Five Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Larsen , Trine P.; Andersen , Søren Kaj

    2007-01-01

    Abstract This article examines the implementation of the first autonomous framework agreement signed by European social partners in a number of member states. Although the telework agreement states that it is to be implemented in accordance with national procedures and practices specific to management and labour, practice is often different. The approach adopted reflects the specific ...

  4. Telework v Evropě a v Lotyšsku: moderní přístupy a budoucí perspektivy

    OpenAIRE

    Iveta Baltina; Alise Vitola

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of the article: More usually companies are using telework – a wide-spread practice that allows employees and their tasks to be shared across settings away from central place of business or physical organizational location. Flexible work arrangements are increasingly seen as a key in helping women and men strike a better balance between work, private and family life. Moreover, telework may serve as a tool for regional development as it allows reaching the concentration of resources by ...

  5. Telework v Evropě a v Lotyšsku: moderní přístupy a budoucí perspektivy

    OpenAIRE

    Baltina, Iveta; Vitola, Alise

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of the article: More usually companies are using telework – a wide-spread practice that allows employees and their tasks to be shared across settings away from central place of business or physical organizational location. Flexible work arrangements are increasingly seen as a key in helping women and men strike a better balance between work, private and family life. Moreover, telework may serve as a tool for regional development as it allows reaching the concentration of r...

  6. Women’s employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Heejung; van der Horst, Mariska

    2017-01-01

    This article sets out to investigate how flexitime and teleworking can help women maintain their careers after childbirth. Despite the increased number of women in the labour market in the UK, many significantly reduce their working hours or leave the labour market altogether after childbirth. Based on border and boundary management theories, we expect flexitime and teleworking can help mothers stay employed and maintain their working hours. We explore the UK case, where the right to request flexible working has been expanded quickly as a way to address work–life balance issues. The dataset used is Understanding Society (2009–2014), a large household panel survey with data on flexible work. We find some suggestive evidence that flexible working can help women stay in employment after the birth of their first child. More evidence is found that mothers using flexitime and with access to teleworking are less likely to reduce their working hours after childbirth. This contributes to our understanding of flexible working not only as a tool for work–life balance, but also as a tool to enhance and maintain individuals’ work capacities in periods of increased family demands. This has major implications for supporting mothers’ careers and enhancing gender equality in the labour market. PMID:29276304

  7. Reflexiones en torno a los análisis sobre el teletrabajo Reflexions about of the telework's analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Tunal Santiago

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo reflexionamos sobre la forma en que se ha abordado el teletrabajo como una nueva forma de organización laboral. Específicamente enfatizamos algunas interpretaciones en relación al teletrabajo como una expresión del modo de acumulación global y hacemos hincapié en la manera en que se ha asociado esta expresión laboral con la deslocalización de la fuerza de trabajo. De igual forma, analizamos cómo se ha conceptualizado al teletrabajador y la supuesta precariedad que implica dicho tipo de trabajo. Asimismo, nos detenemos a repasar hacia dónde van las nuevas demandas laborales inherentes a esta forma de trabajo y cómo han sido vertidas al interior del Sistema de Relaciones Industriales. Todo lo anterior para sugerir un análisis más matizado del teletrabajo asumiendo que no se trata de un proceso unívoco ni lineal.The goal of the present article is to analyze how the telework had been studied as a new form of labor organization. Specifically we emphasized some interpretations of this social phenomenon and the relationship between it and the supposed dislocation of the work force. Likewise we studied how the teleworkers has been conceptualized in the context of a precarious labor. Also, we observed which are the new labor demands inherent of this kind of work and how those are been expressed inside the Industrial Relations System. The afore mentioned is done in order to suggest an analysis of the telework much cautious assuming this process like nor lineal and nor univocal.

  8. Teleworking strategy based on to contribute to the socio-labor inclusion of internal conditionally released from prison "Heliconias"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Mary Corrales-López

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The article raises the issue of telework oriented population deprived of freedom by the INPEC, specifically those inmates categorized under low, held in EP HELICONIAS Florence Caqueta, which will be provided with their application due to its characteristics objective and subjective, providing greater opportunities and social and labor inclusion; strengthening given that this form of employment currently present in the country. To achieve this objective a descriptive methodology used giving a qualitative approach to describe the characteristics and policies that apply in telework, especially those that refer to the prison and prison environment in Colombia. As a result it is found that the relevant regulations to this project is clearly established (including information security given the nature of the target population, allowing a strategy that suits your needs in which factors such as include: security, business, technology, and internal, obtained from the SWOT analysis of the establishment. The implementation of this strategy will enable the beneficiaries actively participate in the workplace contributing financially to your household and improving their self-esteem.

  9. Measurement of environmental impacts of telework adoption amidst change in complex organizations. AT and T survey methodology and results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atkyns, Robert; Blazek, Michele; Roitz, Joseph [AT and T, 179 Bothin Road, 94930 Fairfax, CA (United States)

    2002-10-01

    Telecommuting practices and their environmental and organizational performance impacts have stimulated research across academic disciplines. Although telecommuting trends and impact projections are reported, few true longitudinal studies involving large organizations have been conducted. Published studies typically lack the research design elements to control a major confounding variable: rapid and widespread organizational change. Yet social science 'Best Practices' and market research industry quality control procedures exist that can help manage organizational change effects and other common sources of measurement error. In 1992, AT and T established a formal, corporate-wide telecommuting policy. A research and statistical modeling initiative was implemented to measure how flexible work arrangements reduce automotive emissions. Annual employee surveys were begun in 1994. As telecommuting benefits have been increasingly recognized within AT and T, the essential construct has been redefined as 'telework.' The survey's scope has expanded to address broader organization issues and provide guidance to multiple internal constituencies. This paper focuses upon the procedures used to reliably measure the adoption of telework practices and model their environmental impact, and contrasts those procedures with other, less reliable methodologies.

  10. Consumption of Advanced Internet Services in the Enterprises Sector: the Spread of Telework in the Metropolitan Area of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos MACÍA ARCE

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the pillars of the technological revolution that began in the seventies was the development of the Internet. This network has evolved in such a way that it now forms a complex structure that radically changed the social and economic dynamics at the end of century XX. Nowadays, new technologies allow anything from communication and information exchange to the realization of complex financial transactions, all from anywhere in the world and almost instantaneously. In spite of the widespread use of the Internet, there are still territories and inhabitants, mostly emplaced in remote rural areas, who live outside of this technological revolution. By contrast, urban areas enjoy a privileged position in the dissemination of the information society by concentrating most of the telecommunications infrastructure and monopolize the most qualified people. But there are many disparities in terms of diffusion of new technologies and these will transfer, in turn, to the enterprise sector which is the subject of this research. The differences in the use of new technologies and more specifically the use of advanced services on the Internet are related to the sector where the population is employed and its level of training. One of the advanced services offered by the Network is teleworking. Nowadays there are companies that offer their employees the opportunity to develop their professional activities outside their headquarters, using their homes as an alternative or call centers enabled with computers and Internet access. The purpose of this research is the study of the consumption of Internet advanced services by companies in the metropolitan area of Madrid, analyzing the spread of telework in more detail,a potential offered by new technologies and which may modify the current pattern of mobility in the main urban areas because it is from here where big companies are guiding the global economy.

  11. Las tecnologías del trabajo según la prensa especializada: El caso del teletrabajo New technologies in organizational management of telework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Lenguita

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available En la investigación se estudian las transformaciones laborales producidas por la utilización de nuevas tecnologías en la gestión organizacional del teletrabajo y como resultado se ofrece un análisis crítico de las editoriales de una revista especializada en el tema, entre los años 2002 y 2005.The research explores the transformations labor resulting from the use of new technologies in organizational management of telework, as a result provides a critical analysis of the magazine in the subject, between 2002 and 2005.

  12. Telework and daily life: Its pros and cons for work-life balance Teletrabajo y vida cotidiana: Ventajas y dificultades para la conciliación de la vida laboral, personal y familiar.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Pérez Sánchez

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we discuss whether telework constitutes a useful work-life balance strategy for women teleworkers with dependants. From our analysis we show that the discourse of the women interviewed about telework is not homogeneous, compact or linear, but includes plenty of contradictions, paradoxes and tensions. This fact reinforces telework’s enormous polysemy: it liberates and enslaves, it is a trap and an opportunity, it fulfills and can mean self-sacrifice. But, despite this rich complexity, our women informants agree on one particular matter: telework’s risks and possibly pernicious effects cannot hide either its advantages for work-life balance or the benefits it brings, at least in some cases, to one's personal life.

    En este artículo discutimos si el teletrabajo constituye una estrategia de conciliación de la vida laboral, familiar y personal para las mujeres teletrabajadoras con cargas familiares. A través de nuestro análisis mostramos que el discurso de las mujeres entrevistadas sobre el teletrabajo no es homogéneo, compacto o lineal, sino que aparece plagado de contradicciones, paradojas y tensiones. Este hecho refuerza su enorme polisemia: libera y esclaviza, es una trampa y una oportunidad, realiza personalmente y puede significar una renuncia. Pero, a pesar de esta rica complejidad, nuestras entrevistadas están de acuerdo en una cuestión muy concreta: los riesgos y los posibles efectos perniciosos del teletrabajo no pueden ensombrecer ni su potencial laboral ni los beneficios que comporta de cara a conciliar su vida laboral, familiar, y sólo en algunos casos, personal.

  13. The risks and management of telework / Maris Zernand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zernand, Maris

    2003-01-01

    Infotehnoloogia ja telekommunikatsiooni areng võimaldab inimestel täita tööülesandeid väljaspool ettevõtte piire. Ülevaade kaugtöö kui töövormi mõistest, levikust, eelistest ning riskidest inimesele ja organisatsioonile. Autor tutvustab Eesti Kõrgemas Kommertskoolis (EBS) läbiviidud uuringut töötajate hoiakute ja valmisoleku kohta töövormi rakendamiseks

  14. Telework, Climate Change and Public Policy | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... of millions of people to their workplace is a major source of pollution in urban areas. ... Argentina, South America, Mexico, North and Central America, Peru ... IWRA/IDRC webinar on climate change and adaptive water management.

  15. DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TERRITORIES IN LATVIA IMPLEMENTING TELEWORK

    OpenAIRE

    Vītola, Alise; Baltiņa, Iveta; Ādamsone, Liena; Judrupa, Ilze; Šenfelde, Maija

    2013-01-01

    Population decline is taking place in rural areas in Latvia as well as in rural areas in Europe. There is a question of utmost importance - will people choose to live in the rural area doing remote work or will they choose the job in the towns. Increased pace of population declining is forecasted in the event of steady decreasing working places and services. Growing service costs per inhabitant may infl uence lowering of accessibility of some services in the territory. Till nowadays measureme...

  16. HOMEWORKING CONTRACT AND TELEWORKING - IMPORTANCE AND ROLE IN THE ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OANA-CARMEN RĂVAŞ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Work at home leads to greater stability of the community, because changing jobs often lead to a change of life and inherent stress. Employers who choose to work at home do not have the problem of providing housing for service or cost they incurred directly or indirectly or through the gaining that lucrative acquire more space in the office or in premises whose owner is or the fact that there office rents. The individual contract of working at home is an individual employment contract named special character, with the main feature that "work place" is not located in the unit, the employer, but the employee's residence.

  17. Home teleworkers need more time to recover after work

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smulders, P.G.W.; Houtman, I.L.D.

    2007-01-01

    In the Netherlands, on average 4.6% of employees perform normal working hours at home. However, large differences emerge between occupational groups and in the relation between job demands and hours worked at home. Although working at home is perceived as improving work–life balance, in fact it is

  18. Home teleworkers need more time to recover after work

    OpenAIRE

    Smulders, P.G.W.; Houtman, I.L.D.

    2007-01-01

    In the Netherlands, on average 4.6% of employees perform normal working hours at home. However, large differences emerge between occupational groups and in the relation between job demands and hours worked at home. Although working at home is perceived as improving work–life balance, in fact it is associated with needing more time for recovery after work. This may partly be caused by high job demands.

  19. Psychologické aspekty práce na dálku

    OpenAIRE

    Táborská, Pavla

    2017-01-01

    The theses Psychological aspects of teleworking is dedicated to actual theme of a teleworking from the perspective of psychological aspects and teleworkers. In the theses a concept of teleworking is introduced in the current social context with its historical development. The main focus is on introduction a teleworking in relation with personal characteristics of a teleworker, well-being, work-life balance and social dimension of teleworking. In the empirical part there is introduced a mixed ...

  20. 78 FR 14088 - Creation of a New System of Records Notice: Telework Application and Agreement Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you... include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM... identification card, employee badge or identification card and, if necessary, proof of authority). Additional...

  1. Evaluating Teleworkers' Acceptance of Mobile Technology: A Study Based on the Utaut Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Jamia Sharie

    2016-01-01

    Mobile technology has provided flexible methods for employees to complete work-related tasks without being tied to an office. Research has predicted the level of training on mobile technology may impact a user's ability to complete work responsibilities accurately. This study intended to examine what behavior factors from the unified theory of…

  2. 41 CFR 102-74.600 - Should Federal agencies utilize telework centers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Personnel Management. (r) Small Business Administration. (s) Social Security Administration. (t) United... Agriculture. (b) Department of Commerce. (c) Department of Defense. (d) Department of Education. (e...

  3. Teleworks: a CSCW application for remote medical diagnosis support and teleconsultation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makris, L; Kamilatos, I; Kopsacheilis, E V; Strintzis, M G

    1998-06-01

    The present paper describes methods for the design of both synchronous and asynchronous computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) procedures suitable for the medical application area and specifically for the purpose of medical teleconsultation and remote diagnosis support. The experimental implementation of a CSCW system built upon a PC/Windows platform is detailed as an example of a low-cost system suitable for adoption in a wide range of medical teleconsultation applications.

  4. Women’s employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chung, Heejung; van der Horst, Mariska

    2018-01-01

    Despite the increased number of women in the labour market in the UK, many significantly reduce their working hours or leave the labour market altogether after childbirth; typically with serious consequences for their careers. Based on border and boundary management theories, this study examines

  5. What's "Smart" about Working from Home: Telework and the Sustainable Consumption of Distance in Ireland?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynes, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The use of technology is pervasive in contemporary society, transforming lives and work environments. The internet and the availability of portable personal communication devices have resulted in immense societal change. Frequently held views of the relationship between individuals and technology are dominated by a production-centric perspective,…

  6. Répercussions de l'écologisation des petites et moyennes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Telework, Climate Change and Public Policy. The daily commute of millions of people to their workplace is a major source of pollution in urban areas. View moreTelework, Climate Change and Public Policy ...

  7. Smart work centres in rural areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Anne Birte

    This paper discusses the establishment of telework centres as an element in local development strategies in rural areas, with a particular view to two new telework centres in region North Denmark. The paper argues that telework centres do not represent an easy solution to problems of local...... development and environmental sustainability, and further, that technology may not even be the most important feature needed to make them function as such....

  8. Demand forecasts at national and EU level on a computer-based model taking usage costs into account

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Passamonti, Lucia; Falch, Morten; Björksten, Margareta

    1997-01-01

    The objective of this deliverable is to forecast the residential spending on selected multimedia services such as Tele-entertainment, VOD, AOD, Networked games, Teleshopping and Teleworking.......The objective of this deliverable is to forecast the residential spending on selected multimedia services such as Tele-entertainment, VOD, AOD, Networked games, Teleshopping and Teleworking....

  9. 76 FR 34271 - Hewlett Packard, Global Parts Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles Management Unit, Including...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-74,671] Hewlett Packard, Global Parts Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles Management Unit, Including Teleworkers Reporting to... Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles Management Unit, including teleworkers reporting to Houston...

  10. 76 FR 10396 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... Sales, Murrysville, PA. Teleworkers Across Pennsylvania. 74,849D ILevel By Weyerhaeuser, Henderson, CO.... Residential Sales, Workers on-site in Richmond, Virginia. 74,849J ILevel By Weyerhaeuser, All Locations Across..., All Locations Across October 24, 2009. Residential Sales, West Virginia, WV. Teleworkers Across West...

  11. Does It Matter Where You Work? A Comparison of How Three Work Venues (Traditional Office, Virtual Office, and Home Office) Influence Aspects of Work and Personal/Family Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, E. Jeffrey; Ferris, Maria; Martinson, Vjollca

    2003-01-01

    A comparison was made of IBM employees in traditional offices (n=4,316), virtual offices (n=767), and home offices (n=441). Home office teleworking helped balance work and family and enhanced business performance with cost savings. Virtual office teleworking was associated with less work-family balance and less successful personal/family life.…

  12. Wybrane problemy bezpieczeństwa w telepracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Goroszkiewicz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Teleworking in fact operating on the polish labor market already in since the nineties; has been pursued at the beginning the in civil law forms of employment. The amendment of the labour code of 2007 put teleworking in the polish labor law, as an official, based on the regulations of employees legal form of employment. "Teleworking" means work performed far away from the traditional, conventional place of employment, with contemporary ICTs. Teleworking as a modern type of employment, provides an easy way to reconciliation of work and family life and the use of flexible work arrangements, involving the possibility to exercise in any place and at any time. But it turns out that in practice the use of teleworking in Polish firms are still not common and full of barriers.

  13. Telepraca – ujęcie definicyjne, poruszane problemy i zalecenia na przyszłość

    OpenAIRE

    Hauk, Mateusz

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this article is to describe the notion of telework and show the most popular aspects of telecommuting. Detailed review of the literature points out that there is no one, widely accepted definition of telework. Thus, for the purpose of this article, telecommuting is defined as “Every sort of money-gained activity, caused by external motivation of the individual and/or induced by the organization, no matter what is the extent of time spent on teleworking. What is very important is th...

  14. Telecommuters: the stay-at-home work force of the future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eder, P.F.

    1983-06-01

    The spread of teleworkers who commute via telecommunications from their home offices will depend, despite the energy-saving and tax advantages of self-employment, on how fast the social climate accepts teleworking, whether software can be made friendlier, and whether legal issues of database networks are resolved. The societal changes associated with home offices can be either a positive reemphasis on the home or a negative electronic sweatshop and a way to export office work to low-wage areas. The author, who sees a gradual adoption of teleworking while these technological, societal, and marketing barriers are dealt with, develops a scenario for an information society of the future. (DCK)

  15. Research and International Trade Policy Negotiations : Knowledge ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 oct. 2009 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... of information and communication technologies (ICTs) have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, pursuing employment and.

  16. Search Results | Page 5 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 41 - 50 of 103 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... technologies (ICTs) have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, pursuing employment and achieving independent living.

  17. Search Results | Page 83 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 821 - 830 of 1804 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, ... Partnership in Opportunities for Employment through Technologies in the ...

  18. Search Results | Page 16 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 151 - 160 of 374 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, ... Partnership in Opportunities for Employment through Technologies in the ...

  19. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 81 - 90 of 197 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... (ICTs) have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, ... Partnership in Opportunities for Employment through Technologies in the ...

  20. Search Results | Page 3 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 21 - 30 of 42 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... technologies (ICTs) have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, pursuing employment and achieving independent living. Project.

  1. Search Results | Page 15 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 141 - 150 of 369 ... Telework and the Disabled (Latin America) ... have opened up many opportunities for people with disabilities, such as building solidarity, ... Partnership in Opportunities for Employment through Technologies in the ...

  2. 76 FR 56091 - Expansion of 911 Access; Telecommunications Loan Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... companies; public utility districts; Indian Tribes; and cooperative, nonprofit, limited-dividend, or mutual... networks designed to accommodate distance learning, telework, and telemedicine, rural America will... United States, significant Congressional attention was placed on weaknesses in the nation's emergency...

  3. Entwurf und Modellierung einer universellen Telearbeitsumgebung auf Basis einer serviceorientierten Architektur

    OpenAIRE

    Braun, Iris

    2005-01-01

    Teleworking is the key to a more flexible design of working time and places of work. To reach the flexibility for working anywhere and anytime a virtual working environment is needed which is reached from any place having a browser and internet access, at home, on the road or in the office. The goal of our activities is to develop a set of technologies fitting in the web architecture in order to bring teleworking applications to their full potential. Our new concept is to combine different we...

  4. Balancing Work Responsibilities and Family Needs: The Federal Civil Service Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-01

    flexibility. This need not within the Federal Government. be the only alternative. Creative options are needed to achie%e and protect the rights...liLe a pr7nsonel en"’laved hi/ a telecommuting , and teleworking all refer to 1-g1 cheddhl. Imii e yoil ow n IOME. " paid employment away from the...traditional The Wall Street Journal office. Telecommuting and teleworking imply use of With the above quote, the Wall Street Journal high-tech

  5. Environmental Impact of ICT on the Transport Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten

    2012-01-01

    This section analyses the environmental impact of ICT. This is done through an analysis on how two specific applications (tele-work and teleshopping) affect transport behavior. These two applications are considered to have a large potential with regard to savings in energy consumption.......This section analyses the environmental impact of ICT. This is done through an analysis on how two specific applications (tele-work and teleshopping) affect transport behavior. These two applications are considered to have a large potential with regard to savings in energy consumption....

  6. Advanced communication and network requirements in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten; Enemark, Rasmus

    The report address diffusion of new tele-application, focusing on potential use and potential tele-trafic genrated as a consequense. The applications investigated are: Teleworking, distance learning, research and university network, applications aimed at SMEs, health networks, a trans European pu...... public administation network, city information highway, road-trafic manegement, air traffic control and electronic quotation.......The report address diffusion of new tele-application, focusing on potential use and potential tele-trafic genrated as a consequense. The applications investigated are: Teleworking, distance learning, research and university network, applications aimed at SMEs, health networks, a trans European...

  7. Costs and benefits of flexible workspaces : work in progress in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voordt, Theo

    2003-01-01

    Due to the rapid progress in information and communication technology, work is becoming more and more independent of time and place. New concepts such as cocon offices (with special attention to both communication and concentration), teleworking, satellite offices, and hotel offices have been

  8. 76 FR 45879 - West, a Thomson Reuters Business, Thomson Reuters Legal, Including On-Site Leased Workers From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-73,198] West, a Thomson Reuters Business, Thomson Reuters Legal, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Adecco, Including a Teleworker...-W-73,198 is hereby issued as follows: All workers of West, A Thomson Reuters Business, Thomson...

  9. 75 FR 21359 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... section 202(f)(1) with respect to the affirmative determination described in paragraph (1)(A) is published... described in subparagraph (1) is published in the Federal Register; and (3) The workers have become totally... Systems Group-Desktop, Off-Site Teleworkers Reporting to this Site, Fort Collins, CO: December 9, 2008. TA...

  10. The effects of time-spatial flexibility and new working conditions on employees’ work-life balance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, P.; Dulk, L. den; Lippe, T. van der

    2009-01-01

    Part-time work, flexible working hours, and home-based teleworking are HR instruments which are used to facilitate reconciliation of work and family life. It can be questioned, however, whether these arrangements really enhance work-life balance. This paper examines whether time-spatial flexibility

  11. 76 FR 9615 - National Council on Federal Labor-Management Relations Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... makes recommendations to the President on innovative ways to improve delivery of services and products... Management and Budget. At its meetings, the Council will continue its work in promoting cooperative and... established to promote telework. The meetings are open to the public. Please contact the Office of Personnel...

  12. Technology Enabled Work: The Role of Self-Efficacy in Determining Telecommuter Adjustment and Structuring Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghuram, Sumita; Wiesenfeld, Batia; Garud, Raghu

    2003-01-01

    Responses from 31.5% of 723 telecommuters revealed a positive association between self-efficacy and both adjustment to teleworking and behaviors for structuring work. The more extensive the telecommuting, the stronger these positive relationships. Women were more proactive in structuring work behavior. (Contains 43 references.) (SK)

  13. 76 FR 2710 - Pitney Bowes, Inc., Mailing Solutions Management Division Including On-Site Leased Workers of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-14

    ...., Mailing Solutions Management Division Including On-Site Leased Workers of Guidant Group, and Teleworkers... Bowes, Inc., Mailing Solutions Management Division, Engineering Quality Assurance, Shelton, Connecticut... identity of the subject worker group. The worker group consists of workers of Pitney Bowes, Inc., the...

  14. Modeling users` work activities in a smart home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Allameh, E.; Heidari Jozam, M.; Vries, de B.; Timmermans, H.J.P.; Masoud, M.; Mozaffar, F.

    2014-01-01

    Almost everyone would agree that teleworking is increasingly growing; but beyond this broad statement, we know little about how people behave when they work at home and how they balance their work and life. User comfort and productivity cannot be addressed properly, without a deep understanding of

  15. 75 FR 57980 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    .... Machines (IBM), Global Technology Services Delivery Division, Off- Site Teleworkers. 73,637 Lexmark... Subsidiary of IMI, Margarita, CA. PLC, Leased Workers from Mattson, Axis Technology Group, etc. 74,527 Mahle... Personnel. 74,563 All American Sports Group San Antonio, TX..... August 20, 2009. Corporation, Leased...

  16. 78 FR 64031 - Privacy Act of 1974: Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ....'' The proposed system of records is necessary to the functions performed by the Workplace Solutions... agreement, self-certification home safety checklist, and supervisor-employee checklist; type of telework... practice. SYSTEM MANAGER(S) AND ADDRESS: Director, Financial Operations Department, Pension Benefit...

  17. European SEPG 󈨥 Event Planner

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-06-01

    three children and a teleworking terminal. These, I together with a love for DIY, leave little time for anything else. Profile - Hans Sassenburg Hans...Service Line Leader Nymoellevej 91, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark Tel: +45 45 23 33 96 Fax: +45 45 87 44 38 Internet: chap@dk.ibm.com Internet for Year 2000

  18. Modeling and Simulation Environment for Critical Infrastructure Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-20

    address at the triennial International Symposium on Mathematical Programming, held in Copenhagen, Denmark in August 2003. Finally, in very recent work... Teleworking - The human and organizational issues of computer and information security. Paper presented at the 11th Annual Conference on Human

  19. Mitigating Insider Sabotage and Espionage: A Review of the United States Air Force’s Current Posture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    of proxy services and demilitarized zones to protect the information resources while allowing remote access for telework . In addition, the...Insider Computer Misuse Incidents. EICAR 2000 Best Paper Proceedings (pp. 105-125). Aalborg, Denmark : EICAR. Under Secretary for Management. (2006

  20. The Mobile Worker in the Flexible Workplace. Trends and Issues Alert No. 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Bettina Lankard

    New information technologies, changing work force demographics, rising customer expectations, transnational companies, and cost pressures are altering traditional views of what constitutes a workplace and have given rise to a new trend: the mobile worker in the flexible workplace. Two factors promote acceptance of telework or telecommuting: (1)…

  1. Disaster Response Contracting in a Post-Katrina World: Analyzing Current Disaster Response Strategies and Exploring Alternatives to Improve Processes for Rapid Reaction to Large Scale Disasters within the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    TELECOMMUTING / TELEWORKING..................................................60 E. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL GLOBAL INFORMATION NETWORK ARCHITECTURE...issues. Much concern points to DHS’s failure to provide the broad federal oversight required by the National Response Plan (NRP). The NRP had only...Acquisition Officer did urgently request assistance from the DHS Office of the Inspector General (DHS-IG) for procurement oversight , and DHS-IG assigned

  2. 76 FR 41525 - Hewlett Packard Global Parts Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles Management Unit Including...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-14

    ... Parts Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles Management Unit Including Teleworkers Reporting to... workers of Hewlett Packard, Global Parts Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles Management Unit...). Since eligible workers of Hewlett Packard, Global Parts Supply Chain, Global Product Life Cycles...

  3. Juggling work and family responsibilities when involuntarily working more from home: A multiwave study of financial sales professionals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lapierre, L.M.; Steenbergen, E.F. van; Peeters, M.C.W.; Kluwer, E.S.

    2016-01-01

    Using multiwave survey data collected among 251 financial sales professionals, we tested whether involuntarily working more from home (teleworking) was related to higher time-based and strain-based work-to-family conflict (WFC). Employees' boundary management strategy (integration vs. segmentation)

  4. Juggling work and family responsibilities when involuntarily working more from home: A multiwave study of financial sales professionals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lapierre, Laurent; van Steenbergen, E.F.; Peeters, M.C.W.; Kluwer, E.S.

    2016-01-01

    Using multiwave survey data collected among 251 financial sales professionals, we tested whether involuntarily working more from home (teleworking) was related to higher time-based and strain-based work-tofamily conflict (WFC). Employees’ boundary management strategy (integration vs. segmentation)

  5. 77 FR 64095 - Privacy Act of 1974, System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... the existence and character of record systems maintained by the agency (5 U.S.C. 522a(e)(4)). DATES... would also include electronic business card applications. USAID Offices, Bureaus, Missions, or Teams....gov and information collected on Agency Telework forms. This would also include electronic business...

  6. Lessons from Innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voordt, Theo; van Meel, JJ; Dewulf, G.; Krumm, P.; de Jonge, H.

    2000-01-01

    Juriaan van Meel and Theo van der Voordt describe the interaction between workplace concepts and the functioning of organisations and individual employees. Although scientific evaluations are scarce, it may be concluded that innovative concepts fit better with new ways of working. Teleworking and

  7. The effect of office concepts on worker health and performance: a systematic review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Croon, Einar M.; Sluiter, Judith K.; Kuijer, P. Paul F. M.; Frings-Dresen, Monique H. W.

    2005-01-01

    Conventional and innovative office concepts can be described according to three dimensions: (1) the office location (e.g. telework office versus conventional office); (2) the office lay-out (e.g. open lay-out versus cellular office); and (3) the office use (e.g. fixed versus shared workplaces). This

  8. 76 FR 21033 - International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business Unit, Global Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-74,364] International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business Unit, Global Sales Solution Department, Off-Site Teleworker in Centerport, New York; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated November 29, 2011,...

  9. 76 FR 174 - International Business Machines (IBM), Global Sales Operations Organization, Sales and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-74,575; TA-W-74,575D] International Business Machines (IBM), Global Sales Operations Organization, Sales and Distribution Business Manager Roles; One Teleworker Located in Charleston, WV; International Business Machines (IBM), Global Sales Operations Organization, Sales and...

  10. Realising new organisational forms. Integrating design and development in the change process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Limburg, D.O.; Jackson, P.; Suomi, R.

    2002-01-01

    As the growth in teleworking, 'virtual teams', and 'virtual enterprises' has shown, the economic landscape is increasingly characterised by an ability to work across spatial and organisational boundaries. Only with this redesign of working methods and business processes can the promise of the

  11. 75 FR 71457 - Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance TA-W-74,466 Hewlett Packard Company, Enterprise Business..., North America Logistics, and UPS Headquartered in Palo Alto, California, Teleworkers Across California and Workers On-Site In Roseville, California; TA-W-74,466A Hewlett Packard Company Enterprise Business...

  12. 75 FR 56517 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-16

    ... entry and replace with ``5 U.S.C. 6120, Flexible and Compressed Work Schedules, Purposes; DoD Directive... and tour of duty at the alternative worksite; regular work schedule (8 hours a day, flexitour or compressed); telework schedule. Authority for maintenance of the system: 5 U.S.C. 6120, Flexible and...

  13. Three Essays In and Tests of Theoretical Urban Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Weihua

    This dissertation consists of three essays on urban economics. The three essays are related to urban spatial structure change, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and housing redevelopment. Chapter 1 answers the question: Does the classic Standard Urban Model still describe the growth of cities? Chapter 2 derives the implications of telework on urban spatial structure, energy consumption, and greenhouse gas emissions. Chapter 3 investigates the long run effects of minimum lot size zoning on neighborhood redevelopment. Chapter 1 identifies a new implication of the classic Standard Urban Model, the "unitary elasticity property (UEP)", which is the sum of the elasticity of central density and the elasticity of land area with respect to population change is approximately equal to unity. When this implication of the SUM is tested, it fits US cities fairly well. Further analysis demonstrates that topographic barriers and age of housing stock are the key factors explaining deviation from the UEP. Chapter 2 develops a numerical urban simulation model with households that are able to telework to investigate the urban form, congestion, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission implications of telework. Simulation results suggest that by reducing transportation costs, telework causes sprawl, with associated longer commutes and consumption of larger homes, both of which increase energy consumption. Overall effects depend on who captures the gains from telework (workers versus firms), urban land use regulation such as height limits or greenbelts, and the fraction of workers participating in telework. The net effects of telework on energy use and GHG emissions are generally negligible. Chapter 3 applies dynamic programming to investigate the long run effects of minimum lot size zoning on neighborhood redevelopment. With numerical simulation, comparative dynamic results show that minimum lot size zoning can delay initial land conversion and slow down demolition and

  14. ISDN communication: Its workstation technology and application system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugimura, T; Ogiwara, Y; Saito, T [Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1991-07-01

    This report describes technology for integrated services digital network (ISDN) which allows workstations to process multimedia data and application systems of advanced group teleworking which use such technology. Hitachi has developed workstations which are more powerful, have more functions, and have larger memory capacities. These factors allowed media which require high-speed processing of large quantities of voice and image data to be integrated into the world of conventional text data processing and communications. In addition, the application of group teleworking system has a large impact through the improvements in the office environment, the changes in the style of office work, and the appearance of new businesses. A prototype of this system was exhibited and demonstrated at TELECOM91. 1 ref., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Work-supportive family, family-supportive supervision, use of organizational benefits, and problem-focused coping: implications for work-family conflict and employee well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapierre, Laurent M; Allen, Tammy D

    2006-04-01

    Employees (n = 230) from multiple organizations and industries were involved in a study assessing how work-family conflict avoidance methods stemming from the family domain (emotional sustenance and instrumental assistance from the family), the work domain (family-supportive supervision, use of telework and flextime), and the individual (use of problem-focused coping) independently relate to different dimensions of work-family conflict and to employees' affective and physical well-being. Results suggest that support from one's family and one's supervisor and the use of problem-focused coping seem most promising in terms of avoiding work-family conflict and/or decreased well-being. Benefits associated with the use of flextime, however, are relatively less evident, and using telework may potentially increase the extent to which family time demands interfere with work responsibilities. (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved.

  16. Academics Telecommuting in Open and Distance Education Universities: Issues, challenges, and opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheuk Fan Ng

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Research in distance and online education has focused on how to improve students’ learning and support services. Faculty satisfaction, as one of the five pillars in Sloan-Consortium’s quality framework for online education, has received less attention in research. Besides online teaching, little research has examined the experiences of academics working in institutions where the faculty is dispersed geographically. Outside the academy, teleworking or telecommuting has become quite popular in recent years. Most research to-date has been conducted in information technology-related corporations and government departments, but hardly any in post-secondary educational institutions. Drawing on a literature review of research in telecommuting or teleworking, this paper discusses the potential benefits and drawbacks of telecommuting for academics and their families, and the potential opportunities for – and challenges faced – by their distance and online education institutions.

  17. Telecommuting. Factors to consider.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Arruda, K A

    2001-10-01

    1. Telecommuting is a work arrangement in which employees work part time or full time from their homes or smaller telework centers. They communicate with employers via computer. 2. Telecommuting can raise legal issues for companies. Can telecommuting be considered a reasonable accommodation under the Americans With Disabilities Act? When at home, is a worker injured within the course and scope of their employment for purposes of workers' compensation? 3. Occupational and environmental health nurses may need to alter existing programs to meet the distinct needs of telecommuters. Often, there are ergonomic issues and home office safety issues which are not of concern to other employees. Additionally, occupational and environmental health nurses may have to offer programs in new formats (e.g., Internet or Intranet programs) to effectively communicate with teleworkers.

  18. The telecommuting work and information society: different modalities and the workday

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irineu Francisco Barreto Junior

    2015-12-01

    the context of the new level of human sociability mediated communication and internet technologies, called the Information Society. The recearch conceptualizes preliminarily telecommuting as telework performed using computerized and telematic means and for longer range search in Comparative Law epistemological and analytical support for this designation. Despite the technological advances, the new modality labor endangers the classical privileges guaranteed by Brazilian law to workers, to establish new levels of middle workplace, subordination and other traditional paradigms characterizing the employment relationship. Finally, we find that teleworking is not just at home but the employee at any place where he is: satellite centers, telecentres; telecottages, nomadic or mobile, online or offline, since the used technology and computers.

  19. Teletrabajo y sostenibilidad empresarial. Una reflexión desde la gerencia del talento humano en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando E. Contreras

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores several points of view about Business Sustainability as a concept that can be related to the intensive use of Teleworking applied to job positions in companies, especially in economies of developing countries, and for this particular case, Colombia. Direct relationships between telecommuting, as a tangible example of that mentioned before, and some aspects that represent economic, social and environmental value creation are highlighted, based on a literature review. The provisional conclusion found, should help to prepare the way for understanding that a systematic, and appropriate adoption of new forms of working with the intensive use of ICT (as teleworking in countries like Colombia could be a direct activator of benefits at all levels, only if special conditions of environment, organization, and above all, adequate human resource management are taking into account. Otherwise the effects could be counter-productive in terms of achieving goals of development and welfare of companies, and finally, of the society itself.

  20. An Analysis of Engagement of Those Who Telecommute vs Those Who Do Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    began the telework arrangement (Strum, 2002). This would help to reduce turnover and absenteeism . What Are the Pitfalls of Telecommuting ...AIR APPR AN ANALYSIS OF ENGAGEMENT OF THOSE WHO TELECOMMUTE VS. THOSE WHO DO NOT THESIS Daniel J. Boeh, Captain, USAF AFIT/GAQ...Analysis of Engagement of Those Who Telecommute vs. Those Who Do Not THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Systems and

  1. The relationship between work arrangements and work-family conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Christopher; Duxbury, Linda; Julien, Mark

    2014-01-01

    A review of the literature determined that our understanding of the efficacy of flexible work arrangements (FWA) in reducing work-family conflict remains inconclusive. To shed light on this issue by examining the relationship between work-to-family conflict, in which work interferes with family (WFC), family-to-work conflict, in which family interferes with work (FWC), and four work arrangements: the traditional 9-5 schedule, compressed work weeks (CWWs) flextime, and telework. Hypotheses were tested on a sample of 16,145 employees with dependent care responsibilities. MANCOVA analysis was used with work arrangement as the independent variable and work interferes with family (WFC) and family interferes with work (FWC) as dependent variables. Work demands, non-work demands, income, job type and gender were entered into the analysis as covariates. The more flexible work arrangements such as flextime and telework were associated with higher levels of WFC than were fixed 9-to 5 and CWW schedules. Employees who teleworked reported higher FWC than their counterparts working a traditional 9-to-5 schedule particularly when work demands were high. The removal of both temporal and physical boundaries separating work and family domains results in higher levels of work-family interference in both directions. The results from this study suggest that policy makers and practitioners who are interested in improving employee well-being can reduce work-family conflict, and by extension improve employee mental health, by focusing on the effective use of traditional and CWW schedules rather than by implementing flextime and telework arrangements.

  2. Analyzing the Relative Cost, Effectiveness and Suitability of Synchronous Training Versus Traditional On-site Training Approaches (Joint Applied Project)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    blog.tandberg.com/publicsector/index.php/2009/05/videoconferencing- takes-telework-to-the-next-level/ The eLearning Guild. (2002). The e...Learning Development Time Ration Survey. Retrieved July 15, 2011, from THe Elearning Guild: http://www.elearningguild.com/pdf/1/time%20to%20develop...Implementing an ELearning Solution. Retrieved March 11, 2011, from The Sideroad: http://www.sideroad.com/ elearning /elearning_solution.html TRADOC

  3. Migration and work-life balance in the periphery

    OpenAIRE

    Nørgaard, Helle

    2013-01-01

    This paper will address the potential of teleworking in relation to migration decisions to leave or stay in rural, peripheral locations. Various studies document long term patterns of migration from rural to urban areas but also urban-rural migration as well as significant differences between rural localities in regard to population growth or decline.Mobility is generally low in Denmark, decreases with age and is very low from age 50 whereas mobility is high when establishing family. Thus, mi...

  4. A Model of Managerial Effectiveness in Information Security: From Grounded Theory to Empirical Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-09-13

    1 0.1% New Zealand 5 0.7% Egypt 1 0.1% Saudi Arabia 5 0.7% Hungary 1 0.1% Belgium 4 0.5% Kuwait 1 0.1% Denmark 4 0.5% Pakistan 1 0.1% France 4...0.30 92 Executive information systems 19.6 0.06 65 Telework 17.2 0.39 120 MLS Realty 14.4 0.11 106

  5. An Assessment of Talent Management Practices Targeting GS-12/13 Level Members of the Army Acquisition Corps Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE MAY 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE An... Control , Strategy or Vision, Challenging Work, Collaboration or Teamwork, Work Culture, Shared Gains, Communication, Concern for People, Technology...As show in Figure 5, the top recruiting strategy, selected by both groups, was an emphasis on flex telework or telecommute programs (Holtshouse, 2009

  6. Medical Equipment Tele- and Condition-Based Maintenance with Enhanced Remote Diagnostic Access (RDA) and Computer Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE APR 2010 2. REPORT...The second is a ‘mechanical’ part that is controlled by circuit boards and is accessible by the technician via the serial console and running...was the use of conventional remote access solution designed for telecommuters or teleworkers in the Information Technology (IT) world, such as a

  7. Digitální nomádství – management, řízení lidí na dálku

    OpenAIRE

    Ďopanová, Nela

    2015-01-01

    This bachelor thesis is about teleworking, specifically the digital nomads with main focus on the details of a manager's position. The thesis is divided into two parts, theoretical and practical. The theoretical part mainly came from available specialized literatures on this topic. It familiarizes with today's approaches and it sets up the basic overview about this issue. The practical part of the work is based on qualitative research, which was structured by interviews with ten different nom...

  8. V práci jako doma. Analýza fenoménu práce z domova

    OpenAIRE

    Bierzová, Jana

    2006-01-01

    Home based work is one of the new trends in the contemporary labour market. The thesis theoretically examines its status in West European societies and empirically concerns the situation in the Czech Republic. Teleworking creates new possibilities for balancing work and life. Flexible working hours give employees greater freedom to work and manage their lives. They may spend more time with their families, easily com bine their work with free-time activities or studying, or choose a different ...

  9. Télétravail : Les enjeux de la déspatialisation pour le management humain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Taskin

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available En rompant avec une certaine unité de temps, de lieu et d’action, le télétravail bouleverse l’organisation du travail et l’exercice traditionnel des pratiques de management. La déspatialisation, qui renvoie à la distance physique et psychosociologique induite par la pratique du télétravail, constitue l’enjeu central de cette re-régulation nécessaire qui altère fondamentalement la structure du travail et de la supervision. Au cœur de celle-ci, la question du contrôle semble être la dimension la plus critique pour le management. Cette contribution montre comment le contrôle et l’autonomie, qui sont des forces complémentaires en tension au sein des organisations, sont appelés à être reconfigurés dans le cadre du télétravail ; et comment cette nécessaire re-régulation affecte directement la relation managériale, la socialisation organisationnelle et la gestion des carrières.Telework transforms the traditional office space, its management and routines, by exploding the spatio-temporal framework of work. Despatialization, which refers to the geographical and psycho sociological distance consecutive to telework practice, constitutes the major stake of the necessary re-regulation of work in terms of supervision and structure. In tfis context, the control issue represents the most critical dimension for management. This contribution shows how control and autonomy, which are complementary but tightened forces operating inside organizations, have to be re-cast when developing telework; and how this re-regulation affects directly the managerial relationship, organizational socialization, and career management.

  10. Factors of development of modern forms of social and labor relations as a way of improving productivity in the aviation enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Ermakov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the factors of development of modern forms of social and labor relations as a way to increase productivity on airlines. We describe economic and social issues of a new form of labor relations - working from home. We review the brand new chapter of Labor Code of Russian Federation about working from home as a legal way to conclude telework agreement with the employee. This is a model of working from home for aviation enterprise based on typical performance of “Aeroflot - Russian airlines”.

  11. The effects of time-spatial flexibility and new working conditions on employees’ work-life balance

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, P.; Dulk, L. den; Lippe, T. van der

    2009-01-01

    Part-time work, flexible working hours, and home-based teleworking are HR instruments which are used to facilitate reconciliation of work and family life. It can be questioned, however, whether these arrangements really enhance work-life balance. This paper examines whether time-spatial flexibility reduces negative work-home interference, and if so, whether this also holds true for the category of ‘New Employees’ working under so-called ‘New Working Conditions’ which are characterised by prof...

  12. Le télétravail à domicile : Meilleure conciliation emploi-famille ou source d’envahissement de la vie privée ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Chevrier

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Le travail à domicile s’est développé de manière assez importante au cours des dernières années. Certains le présentent comme une manière de mieux concilier les responsabilités parentales et professionnelles, alors que d’autres y voient une source d’empiètements sur la vie personnelle et familiale. Si un certain nombre d’études s’intéressent aux avantages et inconvénients du télétravail ou du travail à domicile de manière générale, peu se sont penchées sur la dimension temporelle et les perceptions des télétravailleurs à cet égard. Pour notre part, nous avons voulu approfondir cette question. Après avoir constaté que le télétravail à domicile progressait de manière importante dans la population canadienne, nous mettons en évidence un paradoxe, à savoir que si le télétravail peut favoriser la conciliation emploi-famille, il est aussi source d’empiètements dans la vie privée et de brouillage des frontières entre vie privée et vie professionnelle.Telework or home work has developed in an important way over the recent decades. Some consider it as a way to better balance professional and personal or family responsibilities, while others see in it a source of disruption in personal and family life. While some research has looked at advantages and disadvantages of telework from a general point of view, few have analysed in detail the temporal dimension, and the perception of teleworkers concerning these potential temporal conflicts. We wanted to look into this issue on the basis of a few detailed case studies, after having observed that Canadian workers are doing a non negligible number of hours of work at home, and highlight the paradox that while telework has often been put forward for work-life or work-family reasons, it may also invade the private sphere and lead to less clearly defined limits between private and professional life.

  13. THE REGULATION OF DISTANT LABOR RELATIONS AT THE AIRLINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Ermakov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses how to optimize airline costs applying the Federal Law of 04.05.2013, № 60-FZ on the regulation of labor relations at the remote aviation enterprises of Russia. Taking into account the changes in the economic system of the country areas of transformation of social and labor issues are identified. A model of assessing the impact of teleworking on the company's profits is suggested. The main features of the activities which are ,most suitable for remote operation are determined.

  14. Time-Space Flexibility and Work: Analyzing the “Anywhere and Anytime Office” in the Entertainment, New Media, and Arts Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Valoura

    2013-01-01

    The applied cultural analysis work presented in this article was conducted with independent professionals who work in a flexible time-space format – known as telework – for the entertainment, new media, and arts sector in the Los Angeles area. Most participants are associates of the production and post-production boutique “Studio Can” as well as the curatorial new media and arts nonprofit organization “PalMarte.” When working in a flexible time-space format, boundaries between leisure/family ...

  15. ICT Memungkinkan Orang Bekerja dari Rumah: Studi Kasus pada Bank dan Kursus Online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliana Lisanti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Information technology and telecommunications (ICT - Information and Communication Technology utilization to facilitate the home worker or teleworker has started being implemented in many companies. The study showed that the home worker offers benefits such as offering the flexibility to improve employee’s work-life balance, cost savings from hot desking implementation, which also support the clean desk policy implementation. In addition, the government needs to encourage firms to adopt the work from home concept, as it can helps to facilitate housewives hence they can have additional income, furthermore, the home worker  could help to solve social problems such as traffic congestion in major cities.

  16. Environmental effects of information and communications technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Eric

    2011-11-16

    The digital revolution affects the environment on several levels. Most directly, information and communications technology (ICT) has environmental impacts through the manufacturing, operation and disposal of devices and network equipment, but it also provides ways to mitigate energy use, for example through smart buildings and teleworking. At a broader system level, ICTs influence economic growth and bring about technological and societal change. Managing the direct impacts of ICTs is more complex than just producing efficient devices, owing to the energetically expensive manufacturing process, and the increasing proliferation of devices needs to be taken into account. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  17. Management of broadband technology and innovation policy, deployment, and use

    CERN Document Server

    Choudrie, Jyoti

    2013-01-01

    When one considers broadband, the Internet immediately springs to mind. However, broadband is impacting society in many ways. For instance, broadband networks can be used to deliver healthcare or community related services to individuals who don't have computers, have distance as an issue to contend with, or don't use the internet. Broadband can support better management of scarce energy resources with the advent of smart grids, enables improved teleworking capacity and opens up a world of new entertainment possibilities. Yet scholarly examinations of broadband technology have so far examin

  18. Possibilities for domotics. Mogelijkheden voor domotica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coppes, P.H.W.J.M. (C and B Advies en Realisatie BV, Helmond (Netherlands))

    1994-06-01

    The word domotics is composed of the words domus or domestics and telematics (which also is a composed word). Domotics means the integration of electrical and electronic systems in buildings. Some of the areas in which these systems can be applied are building management, communication, teleworking, health care, study and recreation. Other words for domotics are home electronic systems, home automation and smart houses. This article is an introduction to the notion domotics, its development, its users and uses, and the impact on the development of new products. 5 tabs.

  19. Urban form, transportation and greenhouse gas emissions- Experiences in the Nordic Countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harmaajaervi, I; Heinonen, S.; Lahti, P. [VTT, Building and Transport (Finland)

    2004-07-01

    The main objective of the project was to identify instruments to develop urban form and transportation systems in a sustainable way to decrease greenhouse gas emissions in the Nordic countries. Instruments can be found on different levels: national, regional and local. The main sectors are land use and transportation planning, land use and transportation policies, tax policy, co-operation, information dissemination, interaction, monitoring and early warning systems. Instruments concern for example control of urban development, supporting residential activities in city centres, control of location of shopping malls, preventing long commuting trips, reduction of transportation need and car dependency, promotion of walking, cycling and public transport and eco-managed telework. (au)

  20. SMEs, electronically-mediated working and data security: cause for concern?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clear, F.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Security of data is critical to the operations of firms. Without the ability to store, process and transmit data securely, operations may be compromised, with the potential for serious consequences to trading integrity. Thus the role that electronically-mediated working plays in business today and its dependency on data security is of critical interest, especially in light of the fact that much of this communication is based on the use of open networks (i.e. the Internet. This paper discusses findings from a ‘WestFocus’ survey on electronically-mediated working and telework amongst a sample of SMEs located in West London and adjacent counties in South-Eastern England in order to highlight the problems that such practice raises in terms of data security. Data collection involved a telephone survey undertaken in early 2006 of 378 firms classified into four industrial sectors (‘Media’, ‘Logistics’, ‘Internet Services’ and ‘Food Processing’. After establishing how ICTs and the Internet are being exploited as business applications for small firms, data security practice is explored on the basis of sector and size with a focus on telework. The paper goes on to highlight areas of concern in terms of data security policy and training practice. Findings show some sector and size influences.

  1. Strike a balance with flexible working arrangements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madison, Alison L.

    2012-12-15

    Monthly Economic Diversity column for the Tri-City Herald - Topic: Telworking - Excerpt below: As the holiday season kicks into high gear, work-life balance is on many of our minds. How can I meet all of my work commitments this month when no one will be in the office, and still strategically use very little vacation time to stretch the holiday break from four days to fourteen? Am I right? I think most all of us want to stay engaged with our professional lives while maintaining the freedom to prioritize our personal lives. And many employers have come up with ways to help us achieve that balance. Teleworking is not a brand new concept, but is certainly gaining steam as employers and employees alike try to find ways to meet a variety of wants and needs. There are benefits to both sides when it comes to offering flexible working arrangements such as teleworking. For businesses attempting to meet sustainability targets by reducing employee commuting and associated impacts to energy and environment, the benefits of this option can really add up.

  2. Home-Officer: a successful emergence of the post-fordist profession, a positive alternative to urban centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Ramalho da Silva

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobility, creativity, synergy, productivity and well been. These assumptions grow every day on labor relations in the knowledge era, breaking olds paradigms. With the rise of teleworking – or more modernly called Home-Office – the possibility of completing the work out of the traditional company office, gives more freedom to employees and bring with it, days not so rigid, production according with demand and connected management with fulfillment goals and deadlines previously established. The objective of this paper is to show how the theories of organizational flexibility and the scientific revolution, existing for a long time, are current and is a good alternative practice of our everyday urban problems. As intermediaries goals, is shown how the Home- Office can affect the physical and mental worker health, showing the positive impacts from this practice of productive arrangement - adopted by some companies - in the life worker, and how these influences impacts our lives and society.

  3. Why not at CERN also?

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    Teleworking or mobile working, flexible work schedules, and other measures that favour a better work-life balance have been adopted by many companies and organizations.   Thanks to the development of new technologies, e.g., the Internet, mobile working seduces more and more staff, as well as more and more companies, which find there advantages in terms of space management, security (less commuting), sustainable development (less pollution), as well as an increased motivation and well-being of their staff. Adjustable working hours or "core-hours"1, sare also increasingly common; companies that have opted for this kind of flexibility have highlighted the autonomy of their staff, the well-being of their employees, but also their attractiveness and competitiveness. In addition, studies of welfare economics and behavioral economics show that "... today, companies still retain a culture based on staff members having to be physically present, which goes against what em...

  4. Private electricity consumption on the rise -- the impact of networking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aebischer, B.; Huser, A.

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the effect of the networking of the various devices to be found in the average home and the trend towards increased electricity consumption that will be brought about by 'intelligent' houses. Different scenarios for the increase in electricity consumption due to the increased use of multimedia systems - from the personal computer and mobile phones to hi-fi systems and the Internet are discussed. The contrasting tendencies noted in this area - such as, for example, the use of electricity to operate systems that are used to optimise and thus reduce electricity consumption in general are also discussed. Also, indirect energy-reduction effects in other areas - such as traffic reduction as a result of tele-working - are examined. Results of simulations and prognoses made concerning future trends for the electricity consumption of the various devices in homes are presented and recommendations are made on how to keep electricity consumption low when networking domestic apparatus

  5. QoS Provisioning Techniques for Future Fiber-Wireless (FiWi Access Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Maier

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A plethora of enabling optical and wireless access-metro network technologies have been emerging that can be used to build future-proof bimodal fiber-wireless (FiWi networks. Hybrid FiWi networks aim at providing wired and wireless quad-play services over the same infrastructure simultaneously and hold great promise to mitigate the digital divide and change the way we live and work by replacing commuting with teleworking. After overviewing enabling optical and wireless network technologies and their QoS provisioning techniques, we elaborate on enabling radio-over-fiber (RoF and radio-and-fiber (R&F technologies. We describe and investigate new QoS provisioning techniques for future FiWi networks, ranging from traffic class mapping, scheduling, and resource management to advanced aggregation techniques, congestion control, and layer-2 path selection algorithms.

  6. Virtual Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Sims Bainbridge

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In four ways, massively multiplayer online role-playing games may serve as tools for advancing sustainability goals, and as laboratories for developing alternatives to current social arrangements that have implications for the natural environment. First, by moving conspicuous consumption and other usually costly status competitions into virtual environments, these virtual worlds might reduce the need for physical resources. Second, they provide training that could prepare individuals to be teleworkers, and develop or demonstrate methods for using information technology to replace much transportation technology, notably in commuting. Third, virtual worlds and online games build international cooperation, even blending national cultures, thereby inching us toward not only the world consciousness needed for international agreements about the environment, but also toward non-spatial government that cuts across archaic nationalisms. Finally, realizing the potential social benefits of this new technology may urge us to reconsider a number of traditional societal institutions.

  7. Dicoogle Mobile: a medical imaging platform for Android.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viana-Ferreira, Carlos; Ferreira, Daniel; Valente, Frederico; Monteiro, Eriksson; Costa, Carlos; Oliveira, José Luís

    2012-01-01

    Mobile computing technologies are increasingly becoming a valuable asset in healthcare information systems. The adoption of these technologies helps to assist in improving quality of care, increasing productivity and facilitating clinical decision support. They provide practitioners with ubiquitous access to patient records, being actually an important component in telemedicine and tele-work environments. We have developed Dicoogle Mobile, an Android application that provides remote access to distributed medical imaging data through a cloud relay service. Besides, this application has the capability to store and index local imaging data, so that they can also be searched and visualized. In this paper, we will describe Dicoogle Mobile concept as well the architecture of the whole system that makes it running.

  8. IHE profiles applied to regional PACS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fernandez-Bayo, Josep

    2011-01-01

    PACS has been widely adopted as an image storage solution that perfectly fits the radiology department workflow and that can be easily extended to other hospital departments. Integrations with other hospital systems, like the Radiology Information System, the Hospital Information System and the Electronic Patient Record are fully achieved but still challenging aims. PACS also creates the perfect environment for teleradiology and teleworking setups. One step further is the regional PACS concept where different hospitals or health care enterprises share the images in an integrated Electronic Patient Record. Among the different solutions available to share images between different hospitals IHE (Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise) organization presents the Cross Enterprise Document Sharing profile (XDS) which allows sharing images from different hospitals even if they have different PACS vendors. Adopting XDS has multiple advantages, images do not need to be duplicated in a central archive to be shared among the different healthcare enterprises, they only need to be indexed and published in a central document registry. In the XDS profile IHE defines the mechanisms to publish and index the images in the central document registry. It also defines the mechanisms that each hospital will use to retrieve those images regardless on the Hospital PACS they are stored.

  9. Behavioural Climate Change Mitigation Options and Their Appropriate Inclusion in Quantitative Longer Term Policy Scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faber, J.; Schroten, A.; Bles, M.; Sevenster, M.; Markowska, A.; Smit, M. [CE Delft, Delft (Netherlands); Rohde, C.; Duetschke, E.; Koehler, J.; Gigli, M. [Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe (Germany); Zimmermann, K.; Soboh, R.; Van ' t Riet, J. [Landbouw Economisch Instituut LEI, Wageningen (Netherlands)

    2012-01-15

    Changes in consumer behaviour can lead to major reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union, particularly in the areas of transport, housing and food. Behavioural changes can complement technological changes and can allow emission reduction targets to be achieved more cost-effectively overall. The study identifies 36 options for behavioural change that would cut greenhouse gas emissions. Of these, 11 particularly relevant options have been studied in detail. They include shifting to a more healthy and balanced diet, eating less meat and dairy products, buying and using a smaller car or an electric car, teleworking, adjusting room temperature and optimising ventilation. For each of the behavioural changes studied in depth, emission reduction potentials have been quantified for 2020, 2030 and 2050. The study identifies barriers to implementing the changes, and quantifies the likely effects of policy packages which could overcome these barriers. The results show that the behavioural changes that could take place simultaneously have the potential to save emissions totalling up to about 600 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent a year in 2020. This is about one-quarter of the projected annual emissions from sectors not covered by the EU emissions trading system. The savings potential is particularly high in the area of food.

  10. Making CERN a modern and attractive employer

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    On 1 September 2016, the new career structure that emerged from the latest five-yearly review of employment terms and conditions came into effect.   All CERN staff received a letter in August explaining what the new structure means for them personally, while an HR road show has presented the new structure around the departments. The five-yearly review focused on CERN staff, but it also concerns Fellows and Associates. Its aims are to contribute to the long-term sustainability of CERN by ensuring that we are competitive in the job market, and that we are attentive to the needs of our personnel. Surveys conducted by both the HR Department and the Staff Association told us that people care about things like diversity, flexibility, social conditions and transparency. As a result, new procedures simplify the annual performance appraisal, clarify the promotion process and introduce more flexible conditions for parental leave and teleworking. These things are all designed to make CERN a modern and attra...

  11. STUDY ON LABOR CHARACTERISTICS IN NETWORK ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta SOAVA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available E-Business revolution takes place anywhere on the globe, the whole world is connected; many small businesses of today can become tomorrow leaders of the global market; the whole world will benefit from every word that has added an ,,e". Internet development has been one of the most effective creations of the human mind, by that both individuals and companies can be in direct connection without the constraints of space and time. The new economy has produced radical changes in the company, both in terms of carrying out the activities and in the nature of labor relations, with profound implications on work and life styles of people. In this paper we wanted to emphasize the changes produced of the work styles achieved along the development of information and communication technologies. Thus we have shown labor paradigm changes in the XXI century, features and benefits of teleworking, the types of work that can be done via the Internet, an overview of the most used platforms for remote work, stressing the importance of teamwork virtual.

  12. The effects of outsourcing on occupational health and safety: a comparative study of factory-based workers and outworkers in the Australian clothing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayhew, C; Quinlan, M

    1999-01-01

    Outsourcing has become increasingly widespread throughout industrialized societies over the past 20 years. Accompanying this has been a renewed growth in home-based work, sometimes using new technologies (telework) but also entailing a re-emergence of old forms, such as clothing outwork, used extensively 100 years ago. A growing body of research indicates that changes to work organization associated with outsourcing adversely affect occupational health and safety (OHS), both for outsourced workers and for those working alongside them. This study assessed the OHS implications of the shift to home-based workers in the Australian clothing industry by systematically comparing the OHS experiences of 100 factory-based workers and 100 outworkers. The level of self-reported injury was over three times higher among outworkers than factory-based workers undertaking similar tasks. The most significant factor explaining this difference was the payment system. All outworkers were paid solely by the piece, whereas factory workers were paid either under a time plus production bonus system or solely on a time basis. While the incidence of injury was far higher among outworkers, factory-based workers paid under an incentive system reported more injuries than those paid solely on a time basis. Increasing injury was correlated with piecework payment systems.

  13. Proceedings of the New Mobility Industry Forum : a ground-breaking conference about the emerging new mobility industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    New Mobility refers to a world-wide cluster of industries that are addressing emerging sustainable transportation needs in urban regions. New Mobility provides real life solutions for moving goods and people in ways that are integrated, clean, smart, service-oriented, safe and user-focused. This conference provided an opportunity for professionals with an interest in next generation transportation products to learn about the latest service, product, and technology developments in the global New Mobility Market. It also provided an opportunity to exchange ideas with a wide range of industry players on telecommunications, information technology, supply chain management, intelligent transportation systems, and transportation equipment. Some of the solutions that New Mobility promotes is to show businesses how they can gain competitive advantages by reducing unnecessary travel through smart growth development, telework-ready intelligent buildings and electronic conferencing. The 5 industry working sessions at this conference were entitled: integrated mobility systems; traveller information; Toronto's waterfront; transportation management association; and, urban green tourism. refs., tabs., figs.

  14. Virtual transportation as a solution to urban transportation problems: a critical analysis of the potential of telecommuting as a work trip reduction strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buczynski, J.A.

    1997-10-01

    Recent advancements in technology have made virtual transportation a potential solution to the urban transportation crisis. Virtual transportation (also called telecommuting or teleworking) was defined as `a philosophy of allowing an employee to perform required tasks full-time or part-time from his or her choice of location by using information technology`. Virtual transportation would help ease peak travel demands during rush hours. The exhaust gases from automobiles with internal combustion engines emit pollutants such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, volatile organic compounds and nitrous oxides into the atmosphere, thus virtual transportation could contribute significantly to the improvement of air quality. Telecommuting also offers other advantages, for example, geographic constraints of time and space are removed and employees are able to locate anywhere with telecommunications networks. It was suggested that road pricing could be used to generate revenue to build networks of telecommunication centres. Road pricing could be an incentive for commuters to substitute physical travel with virtual travel. 23 refs., 2 tabs.

  15. The effect of office concepts on worker health and performance: a systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Croon, Einar M; Sluiter, Judith K; Kuijer, P Paul F M; Frings-Dresen, Monique H W

    2005-02-01

    Conventional and innovative office concepts can be described according to three dimensions: (1) the office location (e.g. telework office versus conventional office); (2) the office lay-out (e.g. open lay-out versus cellular office); and (3) the office use (e.g. fixed versus shared workplaces). This review examined how these three office dimensions affect the office worker's job demands, job resources, short- and long-term reactions. Using search terms related to the office concept (dimensions), a systematic literature search starting from 1972 was conducted in seven databases. Subsequently, based on the quality of the studies and the consistency of the findings, the level of evidence for the observed findings was assessed. Out of 1091 hits 49 relevant studies were identified. Results provide strong evidence that working in open workplaces reduces privacy and job satisfaction. Limited evidence is available that working in open workplaces intensifies cognitive workload and worsens interpersonal relations; close distance between workstations intensifies cognitive workload and reduces privacy; and desk-sharing improves communication. Due to a lack of studies no evidence was obtained for an effect of the three office dimensions on long-term reactions. The results suggest that ergonomists involved in office innovation could play a meaningful role in safeguarding the worker's job demands, job resources and well-being. Attention should be paid, in particular, to effects of workplace openness by providing acoustic and visual protection.

  16. How to make France enter the third industrial revolution: the bet on innovation. Thematic note Nr 2: Energy efficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maistre, Christophe de; Manceau, Delphine; Fabbri, Julie

    2014-05-01

    This report first discusses what is energy efficiency by defining and distinguishing passive, active and interactive energy efficiency, by discussing which energies we are presently using (fossil energies, nuclear energy, renewable energies), and by outlining the interest in energy efficiency. In a second part, it presents energy efficiency as a key factor for innovation in electricity management. It notably discusses the challenge of matching electricity production and consumption, and what happens when one is greater than the other (some examples are briefly commented: California and Belgium). It addresses the development of smart grids for a rational management of energy, with the implementation of cut-off strategies (examples are given: Linky, the smart EDF counter, Actility, a start-up company specialised in smart grids), in order to avoid black-outs. The main asset of smart grids is to de-synchronise energy production and consumption. Associated risks are evoked (mainly hacking). Examples are presented. The transition from smart grids to smart cities is then discussed (examples of smart phone services, an experiment in Issy les Moulineaux). The next part of the report presents energy efficiency as a multi-sector innovation lever, and presents various approaches and fields of application: the Cleantech approach (development of clean technologies and new usages with a more intelligent consumption of resources; example of the RATP), the sustainable building (low consumption building, passive buildings), the development of new usages (new mobility services), organisational innovations (car pooling, tele-working), energy efficiency as a performance factor, and emergence of new business models. Some guidelines are finally identified and proposed under two main themes: to improve regulation, to favour better consumer behaviours

  17. New Business Structures Creating Organizational Opportunities and Challenges for Work Disability Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekberg, Kerstin; Pransky, Glenn S; Besen, Elyssa; Fassier, Jean-Baptise; Feuerstein, Michael; Munir, Fehmidah; Blanck, Peter

    2016-12-01

    Purpose Flexible work arrangements are growing in order to develop resource-efficient production and because of advanced technologies, new societal values, changing demographics, and globalization. The article aims to illustrate the emerging challenges and opportunities for work disability prevention efforts among workers in alternate work arrangements. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration that ultimately led to an invited 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability," held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA. The collaboration included a topical review of the literature, group conference calls to identify key areas and challenges, drafting of initial documents, review of industry publications, and a conference presentation that included feedback from peer researchers and a roundtable discussion with experts having direct employer experience. Results Both worker and employer perspectives were considered, and four common alternate work arrangements were identified: (a) temporary and contingent employment; (b) small workplaces; (c) virtual work/telework; and (d) lone workers. There was sparse available research of return-to-work (RTW) and workplace disability management strategies with regard to alternate work patterns. Limited research findings and a review of the grey literature suggested that regulations and guidelines concerning disabled workers are often ambiguous, leading to unsatisfactory protection. At the workplace level, there was a lack of research evidence on how flexible work arrangements could be handled or leveraged to support RTW and prevent disability. Potential negative consequences of this lack of organizational guidance and information are higher costs for employers and insurers and feelings of job insecurity, lack of social support and integration, or work intensification for disabled workers. Conclusions Future studies of RTW and workplace disability prevention

  18. Urban form and greenhouse gas emissions in Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harmaajaervi, Irmeli

    2003-01-01

    Finland's regional form is becoming more concentrated, while urban sprawl is causing growth centres to become fragmented. The effects caused by these changes on greenhouse gas emissions were studied up to the year 2010, when, in accordance with the Kyoto protocol, Finland's greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced to the 1990 level. The urban form affects especially transportation inside regions, the potential to utilise district heating and the need for infrastructure. By preventing urban sprawl and by encouraging teleworking and some lifestyle changes, it would be possible to reduce annual transportation emissions by the year 2010 by 1.1 million tonnes CO 2 eq., i.e. 27%, the emissions from residential and service buildings by 1.1 million tonnes CO 2 eq., i.e. 5%, and the emissions from municipal infrastructure by 0.1 million tonnes CO 2 eq., i.e. 6%. Altogether, it is possible to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 2.3 million tonnes, which amounts to 15% of Finland's target for emissions reductions in 2010. If the target-oriented scenario is realised, the subsequent decrease of emissions would accelerate. To stop urban sprawl, measures are required in planning, land use and housing policy as well as in transportation and tax policies. Additionally, more needs to be done in regard to co-operation, interaction and information dissemination. This paper introduces a report which estimates, for the first time, the effects caused by changes in the regional and urban forms on the levels of greenhouse gas emissions in Finland

  19. Time-Space Flexibility and Work: Analyzing the “Anywhere and Anytime Office” in the Entertainment, New Media, and Arts Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Valoura

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The applied cultural analysis work presented in this article was conducted with independent professionals who work in a flexible time-space format – known as telework – for the entertainment, new media, and arts sector in the Los Angeles area. Most participants are associates of the production and post-production boutique “Studio Can” as well as the curatorial new media and arts nonprofit organization “PalMarte.” When working in a flexible time-space format, boundaries between leisure/family life and work at home, or personal and public realms, tend to become blurred. This blurred context involves a web of cultural complexity that exists behind the materialization of boundaries. Through empirical material, this article examines rhythms and mechanisms between flexibility and stability, unveiling a viscous consistency of everyday life. This work helps to better understand the relation between leisure/family life and work at home, as well as stability and change, to rethink these realms and how they relate to each other but also how they transform one another. Although culturally different, these realms are bridged through the material culture that surrounds them. As conveyors, objects (such as a heating pad and activities culturally transport participants between realms. Research methods combined time-diaries, interviews, observation, visual ethnography, and autoethnography. While applying academic knowledge into a non-academic setting to rethink realms and how they relate and transform each other in a bridged relationship, this work is also an invitation to rethink the relationship between the realms of academia and non-academia.

  20. Societatea informațională - Stimulent și ghid pentru reforma administrației publice locale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin Dan ȘANDOR

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Ultimele două decenii au reprezentat pentru Europa un regres, o rămânere în urmă faţă de America şi Japonia. Ca reacţie la această situaţie a apărut raportul prezentat de preşedintele Comisiei Europene Jacques Delors în faţa Consiliului European în decembrie 1993, cu titlul “Cartea Albă asupra creşterii, competitivităţii, locurilor de muncă – provocările şi căile spre secolul 21”. Documentul ne oferă o clară perspectivă asupra impactului pe care îl are revoluţia informaţională, comparată cu prima revoluţie industrială, asupra societăţii. Societatea informaţională poate fi un răspuns la noile cereri ale Europei: reţele de comunicare cu companiile, răspândirea muncii de la distanţă prin intermediul calculatorului (teleworking, acces pe scară largă la baze de date ştiinţifice şi pentru petrecerea timpului liber, dezvoltarea asistenţei medicale preventive şi la domiciliu pentru cei în vârstă, reţele transeuropene care să asigure legături între administraţii.

  1. Energy differently - Booklet supplement to 'Alternatives economiques' journal (no. 54, Feb. 2012)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2012-01-01

    This booklet screens the different renewable energy sources and focusses on their ecological advantage and economical maturity aspects. The book is divided in five parts: 1 - the energy transition: energies of yesterday and tomorrow; France: the end of compulsive consumption?; NegaWatt: a transition scenario for France; 2 - consuming less energy: saving energy; will the building industry revolution take place?; electricity: the constantly seeking more attitude can be avoided; smart grids: can they generate energy saving?; is the electric-powered car really ecological?; waste sorting: more effort is needed; is Internet a source of energy saving?; does tele-working reduce pollution?; how to feed people without impacting environment?; should we stop purchasing imported goods?; how can we get rid of trucks?; Is the carbon compensation system useful?; is innovation capable to save us?; 3 - producing energy differently: renewable energies - the French backwardness; hydro-energy; marine energies; thermal solar energy; photovoltaic energy; solar concentration; terrestrial wind power; offshore wind power; geothermal energy; heat pumps; agro-fuels; biomass and wood fuels; biogas; cogeneration; CO 2 capture and sequestration; adapting the power grid to the renewable energies development; 4 - Initiatives: Enercoop, a 100% renewable power supplier; Le Mene (Brittany, France): towards a positive energy territory; local wind turbines: from Montdidier to Issoudun; the eco-districts revolution; interdependent funds for alternate energies; against fossil fuels extraction; Juneau (Alaska) moves to low-consumption; when solidarity and electricity go together: the example of Nicaragua; 5 - energy in debates: 'it is not too late'; a challenge for democracy; is France ready for nuclear phasing out?; reorganizing consumption; a turn to take today; understanding the photovoltaic crisis; how to finance renewable energy sources?; what impact on employment?; should we have to establish a

  2. Energy differently - Booklet supplement to 'Alternatives economiques' journal (no. 54, Feb. 2012); L'energie autrement - Alternatives economiques hors-serie (no. 54, Fevrier 2012)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2012-02-01

    This booklet screens the different renewable energy sources and focusses on their ecological advantage and economical maturity aspects. The book is divided in five parts: 1 - the energy transition: energies of yesterday and tomorrow; France: the end of compulsive consumption?; NegaWatt: a transition scenario for France; 2 - consuming less energy: saving energy; will the building industry revolution take place?; electricity: the constantly seeking more attitude can be avoided; smart grids: can they generate energy saving?; is the electric-powered car really ecological?; waste sorting: more effort is needed; is Internet a source of energy saving?; does tele-working reduce pollution?; how to feed people without impacting environment?; should we stop purchasing imported goods?; how can we get rid of trucks?; Is the carbon compensation system useful?; is innovation capable to save us?; 3 - producing energy differently: renewable energies - the French backwardness; hydro-energy; marine energies; thermal solar energy; photovoltaic energy; solar concentration; terrestrial wind power; offshore wind power; geothermal energy; heat pumps; agro-fuels; biomass and wood fuels; biogas; cogeneration; CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration; adapting the power grid to the renewable energies development; 4 - Initiatives: Enercoop, a 100% renewable power supplier; Le Mene (Brittany, France): towards a positive energy territory; local wind turbines: from Montdidier to Issoudun; the eco-districts revolution; interdependent funds for alternate energies; against fossil fuels extraction; Juneau (Alaska) moves to low-consumption; when solidarity and electricity go together: the example of Nicaragua; 5 - energy in debates: 'it is not too late'; a challenge for democracy; is France ready for nuclear phasing out?; reorganizing consumption; a turn to take today; understanding the photovoltaic crisis; how to finance renewable energy sources?; what impact on employment?; should we have to

  3. A remote engineering solution for automating a roller hearth kiln

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Bosco da Mota Alves

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Remote engineering (also known as online engineering may be defined as a combination of control engineering and telematics. In this area, specific activities require computacional skills in order to develop projects where electrical devives are monitored and / or controlled, in an intercative way, through a distributed network (e.g. Intranet or Internet. In our specific case, we will be dealing with an industrial plant. Within the last few years, there has been an increase in the number of activities related to remote engineering, which may be connected to the phenomenon of the large extension experienced by the Internet (e.g. bandwith, number of users, development tools, etc.. This increase opens new and future possibilities to the implementation of advance teleworking (or e-working positions. In this paper we present the architecture for a remote application, accessible through the Internet, able to monitor and control a roller hearth kiln, used in a ceramics industry for firing materials. The proposed architecture is based on a micro web server, whose main function is to monitor and control the firing process, by reading the data from a series of temperature sensors and by controlling a series of electronic valves and servo motors. This solution is also intended to be a low-cost alternative to other potential solutions. The temperature readings are obtained through K-type thermopairs and the gas flow is controlled through electrovalves. As the firing process should not be stopped before its complete end, the system is equipped with a safety device for that specific purpose. For better understanding the system to be automated and its operation we decided to develop a scale model (100:1 and experiment on it the devised solution, based on a Micro Web Server.

  4. Known unknowns: indirect energy effects of information and communication technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horner, Nathaniel C.; Shehabi, Arman; Azevedo, Inês L.

    2016-10-01

    Background. There has been sustained and growing interest in characterizing the net energy impact of information and communication technology (ICT), which results from indirect effects offsetting (or amplifying) the energy directly consumed by ICT equipment. These indirect effects may be either positive or negative, and there is considerable disagreement as to the direction of this sign as well as the effect magnitude. Literature in this area ranges from studies focused on a single service (such as e-commerce versus traditional retail) to macroeconomic studies attempting to characterize the overall impact of ICT. Methods. We review the literature on the indirect energy effect of ICT found via Google Scholar, our own research, and input from other researchers in the field. The various studies are linked to an effect taxonomy, which is synthesized from several different hierarchies present in the literature. References are further grouped according to ICT service (e.g., e-commerce, telework) and summarized by scope, method, and quantitative and qualitative findings. Review results. Uncertainty persists in understanding the net energy effects of ICT. Results of indirect energy effect studies are highly sensitive to scoping decisions and assumptions made by the analyst. Uncertainty increases as the impact scope broadens, due to complex and interconnected effects. However, there is general agreement that ICT has large energy savings potential, but that the realization of this potential is highly dependent on deployment details and user behavior. Discussion. While the overall net effect of ICT is likely to remain unknown, this review suggests several guidelines for improving research quality in this area, including increased data collection, enhancing traditional modeling studies with sensitivity analysis, greater care in scoping, less confidence in characterizing aggregate impacts, more effort on understanding user behavior, and more contextual integration across the

  5. Vulnerable populations in terms of health care and their right to decent work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojković-Zlatanović Sanja

    2016-01-01

    component of health – social well-being could be used as justification for the integration of workers with health problems in the workplace. The aim is to prevent the occurrence of disability in terms of preventive approach. The integration and protection measures are represented in a form of flexible work arrangements (for instance, part-time work, tele-work, assignment a person with a health problem to another adequate job, establishment the right to a paid leave for the purpose of therapy by the law, prohibition of a night shift and overtime job for worker with health problems. The Serbian Labor Act (2005 has introduced a category of workers with the health problems and stipulates that those workers could not be assigned to a job that could have a negative effect to a health status/condition of an individual. A broader protection measures in terms of decent work and health equity, meaning that everyone should have a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential with the aim of performing major life activities, including working activities, are not introduced by the Serbian Labor Act. That need to be changed, taking into account the fact that the Serbian Disability Act does not recognize the workers with temporary or/and occasional health impairments, meaning that the special measures of professional integration of people with disabilities could not be applied to the people with health problems. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 41004: Medicinsko-pravni i drugi društveni aspekti na polju retkih bolesti – ljudska prava, politika i praksa

  6. Educación Superior y Mercado Laboral: Relación Ética Humanista Educación Superior y Mercado Laboral: Relación Ética Humanista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cirila Cervera Delgado

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Every time and to a lesser extent the Mexican labor market is distinguished for its permanence and stability in employment in the public and productive sectors. This is attributed mainly to the impact that technological innovation and the generation of the knowledge has had in the world. Both the agricultural and industrial production, once pillars of the economy, have yielded in favor of services and commerce. In this sense, it is more difficult to find lasting and stable employment. In the world, sub-contracting, the division of economies and tele-working (networking have increased. For example, there are fewer permanent jobs in the factories, fewer tenured professors in the educative institutions and fewer safe contracts for young people. The gap in social inequality grows due to the diversity of capacities and the ability to obtain income in the labor market. For that reason, in the present paper, it is found that higher education plays an important role, considered not only as a cultural and political institution, but also as recognition of its economic role. In addition, actual demands from the labor market and higher education also need a new relationship in a context of humanistic ethics. Cada vez en menor medida el mercado laboral mexicano se distingue por la permanencia y estabilidad del empleo en el sector público y en el sector productivo. Esto se le atribuye principalmente al impacto que han tenido la innovación tecnológica y la generación del conocimiento en el mundo. Tanto la producción agrícola como industrial, otrora pilares de la economía, han cedido el paso a favor de los servicios y el comercio. En este sentido, resulta cada vez más difícil encontrar empleos duraderos y estables. En el mundo, se ha incrementado la subcontratación, la terciarización de la economía y el teletrabajo. Por ejemplo, son menos los trabajadores de planta en las fábricas, de profesores de base en las instituciones educativas y de