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Sample records for teiryo chushutsu nama

  1. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action: Understanding NAMA Cycle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Sudhir; Desgain, Denis DR

    There is no internationally defined or agreed Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action(NAMA) cycle, as was the case, for example, with the Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) project cycle. However, there are some common steps that NAMA identification, formulation, and implementation will all go...

  2. Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haensel, G.; Roeser, F.; Hoehne, N. [Ecofys, Utrecht (Netherlands); Van Tilburg, X.; Cameron, L. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] (eds.)

    2013-11-15

    NAMAs are moving gradually from concept to concrete action. A fully functional and publicly available version of the UNFCCC NAMA registry was released on 16 October 2013, and the first dedicated fund for NAMA implementation was launched earlier this year. Countries with no previous NAMA activities engaged in NAMA development and new NAMAs emerged around the world. These are encouraging steps, although more evidence of finance and NAMA implementation is needed to establish NAMAs firmly as a mitigation mechanism and ease the emerging scepticism in some quarters. The reports begins with an overview of the latest statistics in NAMA development, drawing from the UNFCCC NAMA registry and the Ecofys NAMA Database. Currently, 40 NAMAs are included in the registry, and the database contains information on 82 NAMAs and 33 feasibility studies from 34 countries. This is followed by an analysis of areas in which progress is most needed to create widespread acceptance of the NAMA mechanism and implement actions that achieve significant GHG emissions reductions within the context of sustainable development. The chapter has four main sections, on: defining, financing, monitoring and operationalising NAMAs. The subsequent contributions on specific NAMA related topics are authored by different organisations. The Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) discusses the role of finance in advancing transformational NAMAs. The Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) takes a close look at the convergence in the structure and level of detail of current NAMA proposals. Ecofys defines transformational change and shows how transformational elements can be identified and incorporated into the design and implementation of a NAMA. GIZ highlights experiences and lessons learnt from applications of the NAMA Tool that has been presented and used as methodology for NAMA development in a variety of workshops and trainings all over the world. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) presents the

  3. Framework for measuring sustainable development in NAMAs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Karen Holm; Bizikova, Livia; Harris, Melissa

    of the SD impacts of NAMAs, based on a review of the literature on sustainability assessment tools and approaches, and a study of the different stakeholder perspectives among developing country governments, support agencies, the private sector and civil-society organisations....... Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), have jointly carried out the research. The link between NAMAs and SD is crucial for developing countries, and although work is underway on this topic, it is still in its early stages.1 The Bali Action Plan agreed under...... the UNFCCC in 2007 agreed that enhanced action on mitigation would include NAMAs by developing country parties in the context of SD. However, the question of how SD impacts are to be integrated into NAMA processes remains open, as do questions regarding which impacts should be assessed and how they should...

  4. Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haensel, G.; Roeser, F.; Hoehne, N. [Ecofys, Utrecht (Netherlands); Van Tilburg, X.; Cameron, L. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] (eds.)

    2012-11-15

    The development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) has increased significantly over the last few years. The flexibility of the NAMA mechanism is widely regarded as an opportunity to deliver benefits that go far beyond greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions. Many developing countries are developing pilot NAMAs that deliver important insights into the challenges of, and opportunities for, NAMA development from a national perspective. A few countries are already a step ahead and experiences gained from pilot NAMA development are feeding into the formulation of national climate change policies in which NAMAs are becoming a key element. To maintain the momentum in NAMA development, clear signs at the international level are needed that developed countries will follow through with their financial commitments made under the Copenhagen Accord. Without this financial support, NAMAs will not be able to realise their full potential and induce transformational change. The Annual Status Report on NAMAs 2012 is a continuation of previously published NAMA Status Reports. The report presents an overview of the state of play of NAMAs and of support activities for NAMA development and implementation. A new feature of the Annual Status Report on NAMAs 2012 is that it is produced as a joint effort by several organizations that are closely involved in analysing and supporting NAMA development processes worldwide. The Annual Status Report on NAMAs 2012 is written by authors from Ecofys, the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands, the Center of Clean Air Policy (CCAP), the World Resources Institute (WRI) and Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). In the section on 'Selected contributions on NAMAs', each organization discusses a specific topic of interest in relation to NAMA development that is closely related to their current NAMA activities or that is expected to provide 'food for thought' on potential ways forward for

  5. Institutional aspects of NAMA development and implementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hinostroza, Miriam L.; Sharma, Sudhir; Karavai, Maryna

    This publication analyses how developing countries may arrange their institutional and organizational structures or enhance the existing ones in order to deal with these new developments under the international climate change mitigation regime. Focus is on how to ensure the implementation of NAMAs...

  6. Moisture Sorption Characteristics of Dambu-nama – A Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Moisture sorption characteristics of traditional Dambu-nama (control) (TDBN) and laboratory Dambu-nama (LDBN), a cooked, pounded, shredded and dried Nigerian meat product, were determined at four different temperatures (10oC, 20oC, 30oC and 40oC) and relative humidities of 10 – 96% using the standard static, ...

  7. From theory to practice: Understanding transformational change in NAMAs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mersmann, Florian; Olsen, Karen Holm; Wehnert, Timon

    and transformational change, exploring their possible applicability to NAMAs. The theoretical approaches are the basis to propose hypotheses for the dynamics, indicators and success factors that foster transformational change, which is necessary to assess whether a NAMA intervention has been or can be transformational...

  8. Guidance for NAMA Design - building on country experiences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lütken, Søren; Dransfeld, Bjoern; Wehner, Stefan

    Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) represent a valuable opportunity for developing countries to address greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while remaining true to their sustainable development priorities and needs. Many countries are already taking steps to use NAMAs as instruments...... to produce this guidebook, which will assist developing countries in formulating more effective NAMAs. Initially conceived as part of UNDP’s Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme and funded by the European Commission and the governments of Germany and Australia, the guidebook has been expanded...... in scope, thanks to this later strategic partnership. It should benefit any government or institution that wishes to participate in NAMA development. This NAMA Guide is designed to build on countries’ relevant work in developing mitigation actions, for instance through their National Communications...

  9. NAMAs as a tool to deliver energy efficiency measures in buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karavai, Maryna; Petrichenko, Ksenia

    -makers on designing and implementing NAMAs aimed at improving energy efficiency in the building sector with a particular focus on tropical and sub-tropical climates. The paper covers the following topics: • generic background for the NAMA concept, it origin and founding principles • potential areas for NAMA...

  10. An overview of current NAMA guidance. Policy Brief

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cameron, L.R. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2013-05-15

    The International Climate Initiative formed a number of working groups within an Enhanced NAMA Cooperation Group. The Tools and Guides working group seeks to coordinate current efforts on NAMA related tools, guidebooks and templates, as well as reduce repetition of such work by different organisations. As a first step towards this goal, this brief analysis looks at the 8 main guides on NAMA development that have been published, or made available in draft form, as of May 2013. This note summarises the approach found in these guides and identifies a number of areas, or gaps, that would benefit from further effort to provide supporting resources and guidance. It also aims to provide the basis for further discussion within the working group.

  11. NAMA 80/20 DEFERRED PAYMENT INITIATIVE PARTICIPATION FORM

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Brochure detailing the Deferred Payment Initiative key features and information on how to apply for the initiative: "NAMA has launched a Deferred Payment Initiative (the ‘Initiative’) on a pilot basis. The Initiative is aimed at potential owner-occupiers who are interested in purchasing residential property but are concerned at the risk of further price declines."

  12. Guidance for NAMA Design in the Context of Nationally Determined Contributions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lütken, Søren; Soezer, Alexandra; Forner, Claudio

    2016-01-01

    . This is also true for the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) system. Quantifying the benefits of a NAMA, commonly compared to its baseline both in terms of GHG emissions and sustainable development benefits, is the gauge that all those involved – governmental bodies, international donors...... in support of lower emissions alternatives. Hence, regardless whether the NAMA is likely to need international financial support, NAMA financing should begin by identifying the relevant domestic funds, public and/or private. Public funding may be used to build a foundation for investment from the private...... and financiers, non-government organizations (NGOs), civil society, scientists, and the private sector and supervisory bodies such as those within the UNFCCC itself – use to determine whether or not a NAMA is successful. The NDC may provide general baseline information, while the NAMA development process would...

  13. NAMA: A Tool of Development or De-industrialization?

    OpenAIRE

    Shafaeddin, Mehdi

    2006-01-01

    The author argues that although the collapse of the Doha “Development” Round in early summer of 2006 was triggered by the refusal of the United States to agree to the reduction of the ceiling on the amount of domestic subsidies paid to the US farmers, there were some fundamental reasons behind the failure of the talk related to the contradictions in design and implementation of WTO rules to detrimental interests of developing countries. He uses the example of NAMA to highlight the inconsisten...

  14. The economy-wide impact of multilateral NAMA tariff reductions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Baltzer, Kenneth; Babula, Ronald

    The Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) negotiations were a key area in the Doha development round, which was suspended indefinitely in July 2006. In this paper, we model and estimate the economic effects on the world and Danish economies of some of the more important proposals that will likely...... tariff reductions with flexibility would generate modest increases in Danish trade and produce a slight improvement in the trade balance. They would also shift Danish trade patterns from EU and EFTA markets towards other world markets. The removal of the developing country flexibility rule would increase...

  15. Sustainable Development Impacts of NAMAs: An integrated approach to assessment of co-benefits based on experience with the CDM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Karen Holm

    to assess the SD impacts of NAMAs. This paper argues for a new integrated approach to asses NAMAs' SD impacts that consists of SD indicators, procedures for stakeholder involvement and safeguards against negative impacts. The argument is based on a review of experience with the CDM’s contribution to SD...... and a comparison of similarities and differences between NAMAs and CDM. Five elements of a new approach towards assessment of NAMAs SD impacts are suggested based on emerging approaches and methodologies for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of greenhouse gas reductions and SD impacts of NAMAs....

  16. Experience with LEDS and NAMA Low Carbon Strategies: The Case of Georgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kakhaberi Mdivani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS and National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs have the potential to support developing countries in attaining low carbon goals. In spite of the evident potential, there is a need to learn from practice. This paper explores the case of Georgia. The main research question discussed is: What experience has been gained with the development of LEDS and NAMAs in Georgia? The study reveals that both LEDS and NAMAs are subject to barriers that considerably slow development processes: there is a lack of institutional capacity, little inter-governmental goal alignment and poor coordination of actions, a lack of experienced staff and insufficient, substantial, earmarked funding. Capacity building depends on support from organizations in donor countries. This paper contributes to a growing body of knowledge of the implementation of LEDS and NAMA.

  17. Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Mid-year update June 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Tilburg, X.; Bristow, S. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Roeser, F.; Escalante, D.; Fekete, H. [Ecofys, Cologne (Germany)

    2013-06-15

    This mid-year update of the Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, last published by Ecofys and ECN in November 2012, highlights recent trends in NAMA development and support and identifies where more progress is needed.

  18. A new NAMA framework for dispersed energy end-use sectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheng, C.-C.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a new approach for a nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA) framework that can unlock the huge potential for greenhouse gas mitigation in dispersed energy end-use sectors in developing countries; specifically, the building sector and the industrial sector. These two sectors make up the largest portions of energy consumption in developing countries. However, due to multiple barriers and lack of effective polices, energy efficiency in dispersed energy end-use sectors has not been effectively put into practice. The new NAMA framework described in this paper is designed to fulfill the demand for public policies and public sector investment in developing countries and thereby boost private sector investment through project based market mechanisms, such as CDM. The new NAMA framework is designed as a need-based mechanism which effectively considers the conditions of each developing country. The building sector is used as an example to demonstrate how NAMA measures can be registered and implemented. The described new NAMA framework has the ability to interface efficiently with Kyoto Protocol mechanisms and to facilitate a systematic uptake for GHG emission reduction investment projects. This is an essential step to achieve the global climate change mitigation target and support sustainable development in developing countries.

  19. Assessing transformational change potential: the case of the Tunisian cement Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boodoo, Zyaad; Olsen, Karen Holm

    2018-01-01

    and documentation gathered during field work in Tunisia 2014–2015. The study finds that the NAMA design is not likely to lead to transformational change of the cement sector, since underlying factors accounting for lock-in are not properly tackled. Although the NAMA has enabled new and promising sectoral......To effectively address the root causes of carbon lock-in across developing countries, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) with transformational change characteristics are being supported by donors and finance mechanisms as a means to achieve ambitious nationally determined...... contributions (NDCs). However, there is still a scarcity of empirical studies on how transformational change policies and actions are designed and supported in practice. This article addresses such a gap in knowledge by combining theoretical insights from the multi-level perspective and transitions management...

  20. For the developmet of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAS): A primer on Energy Efficient Buildings in Tropical and Subtropical Climates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lütken, Søren; Karavai, Maryna; Petrichenko, Ksenia

    Casa'. Other countries may have an interest in formulating a NAMA as the concrete implementation model for such an NDC, indicating how the country will turn the NDC into practice. And still others may wish to develop a NAMA without having developed an NDC or a sector-wide strategy first. No matter the point......-led national strategy, possibly articulated as a Nationally Determined Contribution. Some countries may already have developed a strategy for energy efficient buildings or may be in the process of developing one, such as Singapore's Green Mark initiative or Mexico's NAMA on Sustainable Housing, 'Eco...... of departure, articulating a NAMA requires communication with stakeholders, including citizens, the private sector, and national and international financiers. This guidebook is divided into five main sections: an introduction to NAMAs; an Overview of Technologies and Possible Intervention Areas...

  1. Perlindungan Merek Terdaftar Dari Kejahatan Dunia Maya Melalui Pembatasan Pendaftaran Nama Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setia Dharma

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Protection of Registered Trademark of Cyber Crime Through The Restriction of The Domain Name Registration. The progress of science and technology has implications for the progress of the current trading method. It is not only done conventionally but also carried out through cyberspace. Trading in the virtual world requires the use of a domain name (cyber squatting as a differentiator between one company with other companies. Law No. 11 Year 2008 on Information and Electronic Transactions regulate the use of domain names and emphasize the element of good faith in the implementation. In practice, there is a breach of the domain name registration is a crime which is the trademark or name that has a commercial value. This paper is going to examine aspects of protection-registered trademark of cyber crime through the restriction of the domain name registration and implementation of good faith. Abstrak: Perlindungan Merek Terdaftar Dari Kejahatan Dunia Maya Melalui Pembatasan Pendaftaran Nama Domain. Kemajuan ilmu dan teknologi membawa implikasi pada kemajuan metode perdagangan yang saat ini bukan hanya dilakukan secara konvensional, namun juga dilakukan melalui dunia maya. Perdagangan dalam dunia maya mensyaratkan penggunaan nama domain (cyber squatting sebagai pembeda antara satu perusahaan dengan perusahaan yang lainnya. Undang-Undang No. 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi dan Transaksi elektronik mengatur penggunaan nama domain tersebut dan menekankan unsur iktikad baik dalam pelaksanaannya. Prakteknya, terdapat pelanggaran nama domain tersebut yang merupakan merupakan kejahatan pendaftaran merek dagang atau nama yang memiliki nilai komersial. Tulisan ini hendak mengkaji aspek perlindungan merek terdaftar dari kejahatan dunia maya melalui pembatasan pendaftaran nama domain dan pelaksanaan iktikad baik. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v1i2.1463

  2. The economy-wide impact of multilateral NAMA tariff reductions:a global and Danish perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Baltzer, Kenneth; Babula, Ronald; Frandsen, Søren E.

    2007-01-01

    The Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) negotiations were a key area in the Doha development round, which was suspended indefinitely in July 2006. In this paper, we model and estimate the economic effects on the world and Danish economies of some of the more important proposals that will likely re-emerge in some form in the near future. We used the GTAP computable general-equilibrium model and database to simulate trade shock scenarios that mimic WTO's "August 2004 NAMA Framework", which pr...

  3. A review of sustainable development assessment literature that could be applied to NAMAs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boodoo, Zyaad

    2014-01-01

    chosen approach, framing of a minimum set of sustainability dimensions, integration of transformational change considerations in the design of NAMAs and the need to favour an informed deliberative discourse at country level while defining SD through the use of Multi-Criteria Analysis. The paper concludes...

  4. A new NAMA framework for dispersed energy end-use sectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheng, Chia-Chin

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a new approach for a nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA) framework that can unlock the huge potential for greenhouse gas mitigation in dispersed energy end-use sectors in developing countries; specifically, the building sector and the industrial sector. These two ...

  5. Developing low-carbon transport policies in Peru with capacity-building for their implementation: Draft Transport NAMA

    OpenAIRE

    Tyler, N. A.; Ramirez, C.

    2012-01-01

    Transport has been identified as one of the biggest sectors that contribute to climate change (23%) due to its energy demand and polluting emissions and therefore one of the sectors that needs to take action to mitigate its impact. A few countries in Latin America (Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Colombia) have started their transport NAMA development and are at different stages in the process. Peru has started this process more recently and this report aims at facilitating the NAMA development and...

  6. NAMAs and the carbon market. Nationally appropriate mitigation actions of developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holm Olsen, K.; Fenhann, J.; Hinostroza, M.

    2009-07-01

    The role of carbon markets in scaling up mitigation actions in developing countries in the post-2012 climate regime is the topic of Perspectives 2009: NAMAs and the Carbon Market - Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions of Developing Countries. The eight papers presented explore how mitigation actions in developing countries, in the context of sustainable development, may be supported by technology, finance and capacity development in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner. Key issues discussed are the pros and cons of market and non-market mechanisms in raising private and public finance, and the appropriate governance structures at the international and national levels. The aim of this publication is to present possible answers to these questions, with a specific focus on the role of existing and emerging carbon markets to finance NAMAs. (LN)

  7. Etude Climat no. 32 'Financing climate actions in developing countries: what role is there for NAMAs?'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morel, Romain; Delbosc, Anais

    2012-01-01

    Among the publications of CDC Climat Research, 'Climate Reports' offer in-depth analyses on a given subject. This issue addresses the following points: The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) framework has emerged as a result of the Copenhagen and Cancun Agreements and is used to encourage developing countries to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Theses NAMAs can be part of more comprehensive domestic low-carbon development strategies. However, new projects and policies, eligible to be considered as NAMAs, will only be put in place if adequate financing is provided by developed countries. This new structure could provide the opportunity to restore trust between Annex 1 countries and developing countries. This Climate Report analyses the difficulties that can arise both during the financing process and the implementation of climate change mitigation measures. The financing issues are related to transparency and the committed and disbursed amounts. The implementation of climate policies in developing countries will require an increase in financing flows. Both the public and private sectors will have to contribute. Whereas the public sector could draw on revenue from new levies, the private sector should be encouraged by acceptable 'risk/reward' ratios. Incentives will also be generated by the implementation of binding global and/or local policies as well as an appropriate governance. This will facilitate private investment both by stabilising the political horizon but also by setting a price for carbon. This study will also examine in some detail NAMAs, which can be an opportunity to implement new financing systems. Whilst short-term solutions exist, they should not be applied to the detriment of long-term solutions. Thus, institutional capacity-building will be needed if we are to create reliable administrations that encourage investment and the country's independence. Their implementation will allow broader GHG reduction policies to be

  8. How best to quantify soil seed banks in arid rangelands of the Nama Karoo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreber, Niels

    2011-02-01

    Sampling design and three sample treatments prior the application of the seedling emergence method were tested in order to find the best method for seed bank quantification in arid Nama Karoo rangelands. I analyzed species composition and seed densities by contrasting undercanopy and open-matrix samples from two soil depths and by comparing the effects of cold-, heat-, and no stratification on germination rates of species in a greenhouse setting. The soil seed bank showed minimal similarity to the standing vegetation, with only 20 plant species germinated. Spatial distribution of seeds was highly heterogeneous. Nearly 90% of germinated seeds were located in 0- to 4-cm compared to >4- to 8-cm soil depth. Undercanopy seed banks contained significantly more species and seeds than open-matrix seed banks. Neither the number nor the diversity of seeds germinated differed significantly among the three treatments. Cold stratification tended to detect more species and seeds only at >4- to 8-cm soil depth. The results highlight the importance of spatial heterogeneity in the accurate evaluation of soil seed banks in the arid Nama Karoo and the importance of considering seasonal variability in the availability of readily germinable seeds. Data also suggest that sample pretreatment in germination trials may give little return for cost and effort, which emphasizes that it is more important to choose the sampling design most likely to give a representative number of seed bank species. Further studies are needed to analyze seed bank dynamics and species-specific germination requirements to promote recruitment of plant taxa underrepresented in the seed bank.

  9. Chemistry of chromites from Arroio Grande Ophiolite (Dom Feliciano Belt, Brazil) and their possible connection with the Nama Group (Namibia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Rodrigo Chaves; Koester, Edinei; Porcher, Carla Cristine

    2017-12-01

    The present paper shows a mineral chemistry study in chromites found in serpentine-talc schists of the Arroio Grande Ophiolite, located in the southeastern Dom Feliciano Belt, near the Brazil/Uruguay border. Using electron microscope scanning and electron microprobe techniques, this study found a supra-subduction zone signature in the chromites, together with evidence of metasomatism. It corroborates previous hypothesis that suggested a supra-subduction zone origin for the protoliths of the Arroio Grande meta-igneous rocks and a metasomatic origin for the chromite-bearing magnesian schists. The studied chromites present high Cr# (0.65-0.77) and Fe2+# (0.88-0.95), low MgO (0.85-2.47 wt%) and TiO2 (0.01-0.19 wt%) and anomalous high concentration of ZnO (up to 1.97 wt%). The results were compared with chemical data from detrital chromites from the Schwarzrand and Fish River Subgroups of the Nama Group (Namibia), demonstrating that they are compositionally similar with those found in the latter. These chromites, in turn, are believed to have been derived from the oceanic Marmora Terrane (Gariep Belt) in the west (present-day coordinates). Taking into consideration that oceanic metamafites from both the latter and the Arroio Grande Ophiolite share common bulk-rock geochemical features (in this paper interpreted as fragments of the same paleo-ocean floor - the Marmora back-arc basin), it is possible to raise the hypothesis that detrital material derived from the studied ophiolite might also be found in Nama Group. It is reinforced by the fact that sediments (related to the Pelotas-Aiguá Batholith granitoids) derived from the easternmost Dom Feliciano Belt, i.e. the region where Arroio Grande Ophiolite is located, is found in both Schwarzrand and Fish River Subgroups. Thus, we suggest that Arroio Grande Ophiolite detrital sediments might also have contributed to the Nama Basin infilling during Late Ediacaran-Lower Cambrian.

  10. Detection of NAM-A1 Natural Variants in Bread Wheat Reveals Differences in Haplotype Distribution between a Worldwide Core Collection and European Elite Germplasm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Cormier

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In wheat, remobilization of nitrogen absorbed before anthesis and regulation of monocarpic senescence is a major issue in breeding for nutrient use efficiency. We identified natural variants of NAM-A1, a gene having the same role as its well-characterized homoeolog NAM-B1, a NAC transcription factor associated with senescence kinetics and nutrient remobilization to the grain. Differences in haplotype frequencies between a worldwide core collection and a panel of European elite varieties were assessed and discussed. Moreover, hypotheses for the loss of function of the most common haplotype in elite European germplasm are discussed.

  11. The potential vulnerability of the Namib and Nama Aquifers due to low recharge levels in the area surrounding the Naukluft Mountains, SW Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kambinda, Winnie N.; Mapani, Benjamin

    2017-12-01

    The Naukluft Mountains in the Namib Desert are a high rainfall-high discharge area. It sees increased stream-, spring-flow as well as waterfalls during the rainy season. The mountains are a major resource for additional recharge to the Namib and Nama aquifers that are adjacent to the mountains. This paper aimed to highlight the potential vulnerability of the aquifers that surround the Naukluft Mountain area; if the strategic importance of the Naukluft Karst Aquifer (NKA) for bulk water supply becomes necessary. Chloride Mass Balance Method (CMBM) was applied to estimate rainfall available for recharge as well as actual recharge thereof. This was applied using chloride concentration in precipitation, borehole and spring samples collected from the study area. Groundwater flow patterns were mapped from hydraulic head values. A 2D digital elevation model was developed using Arc-GIS. Results highlighted the influence of the NKA on regional groundwater flow. This paper found that groundwater flow was controlled by structural dip and elevation. Groundwater was observed to flow predominantly from the NKA to the south west towards the Namib Aquifer in two distinct flow patterns that separate at the center of the NKA. A distinct groundwater divide was defined between the two flow patterns. A minor flow pattern from the northern parts of the NKA to the north east towards the Nama Aquifer was validated. Due to the substantial water losses, the NKA is not a typical karst aquifer. While the project area receives an average rainfall of 170.36 mm/a, it was estimated that 1-14.24% (maximum 24.43 mm/a) rainfall was available for recharge to the NKA. Actual recharge to the NKA was estimated to be less than 1-18.21% (maximum 4.45 mm/a) reflecting the vast losses incurred by the NKA via discharge. This paper concluded that groundwater resources of the NKA were potentially finite. The possibility of developing the aquifer for bulk water supply would therefore drastically lower recharge

  12. Impact of elephant on two woody trees, Boscia oleoides and Pappea capensis, in an arid thicket-Nama Karoo mosaic, Greater Addo Elephant National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marietjie Landman

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite extensive evidence of the influences of elephant on woody trees in savannah habitats, effects on trees in the succulent thickets of the Eastern Cape are relatively poorly described. Our study investigates the role and intensity of elephant impacts on Pappea capensis and the relatively rare Boscia oleoides in an arid thicket-Nama Karoo mosaic habitat of the Greater Addo Elephant National Park. We show that roughly 19% of the B. oleoides and nearly half of the P. capensis individuals recorded showed signs of elephant impact. Elephant often toppled our study trees, and where these individuals were uprooted, mortalities occurred: B. oleoides ~ 44% of the impacted trees (4 individuals; P. capensis ~ 22% of the impacted trees (29 individuals. Conservation implications: Whilst this study is restricted by limited spatial and temporal replication, P. capensis mortalities caused by elephant occurred at a rate exceeding that of other processes. Our results provide insight into the severity of the measured changes and the need to reduce the impacts. However, it would be critically important to establish the specific driver of elephant–tree interactions before any management intervention is implemented.

  13. Tarım Dışı Ürünlerde Pazara Giriş (NAMA Müzakereleri ve Türkiye (Non-Agricultural Market Access Negotiations and Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şahin YAMAN

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay tries to analyse Turkey’s position and constraints in the WTO Nonagricultural Market Access Negotiations (NAMA especially vis-à-vis developing countries.It basically, underlines Turkey’s unique negotiating position; de jure developing, de facto an advanced economy status in the WTO Doha NAMA negotiations.At Doha Ministerial Meeting in 2001, WTO members agreed to initiate negotiations to further liberalize trade, among other areas, on non-agricultural goods. For this purpose, the Negotiating Group on Market Access (NGMA was created at the first meeting of the Trade Negotiations Committee of the WTO, in early 2002. Turkey has been quite active since then in NAMA negotiations in calibrating its position between offensive and defensive negotiation interests although its offensive market access interests largely outweigh defensive one.Turkey has also been propagating an offensive non-linear tariff cutting Swiss Formula approach at the WTO to curb the international high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations. Having a strong offensive market access interests, Turkey mainly aims at large developing country markets diversifying its trade portfolio away from traditional markets towards large developing economies.From the perspective of governance, Turkey has serious constraints on its trade and industry policy space stemming from the Turkey-EU Customs Union (CU. Although Turkey is a de jure developing country in the WTO and will have all legal rights and mobligations stemming from the outcome of the DOHA, in practice, Turkey will have to implement the same applied common external tariffs of the EU. Despite the constraints and dilemmas stemming from the EU-Turkey customs union, it can be strongly argued that, it is in Turkey’s industrial interests to be actively involved in the WTO to tackle the high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations which hinders Turkey’s exports to the world markets.

  14. Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE): emissions of trace gases and light-absorbing carbon from wood and dung cooking fires, garbage and crop residue burning, brick kilns, and other sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockwell, Chelsea E.; Christian, Ted J.; Goetz, J. Douglas; Jayarathne, Thilina; Bhave, Prakash V.; Praveen, Puppala S.; Adhikari, Sagar; Maharjan, Rashmi; DeCarlo, Peter F.; Stone, Elizabeth A.; Saikawa, Eri; Blake, Donald R.; Simpson, Isobel J.; Yokelson, Robert J.; Panday, Arnico K.

    2016-09-01

    The Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE) campaign took place in and around the Kathmandu Valley and in the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) of southern Nepal during April 2015. The source characterization phase targeted numerous important but undersampled (and often inefficient) combustion sources that are widespread in the developing world such as cooking with a variety of stoves and solid fuels, brick kilns, open burning of municipal solid waste (a.k.a. trash or garbage burning), crop residue burning, generators, irrigation pumps, and motorcycles. NAMaSTE produced the first, or rare, measurements of aerosol optical properties, aerosol mass, and detailed trace gas chemistry for the emissions from many of the sources. This paper reports the trace gas and aerosol measurements obtained by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, whole-air sampling (WAS), and photoacoustic extinctiometers (PAX; 405 and 870 nm) based on field work with a moveable lab sampling authentic sources. The primary aerosol optical properties reported include emission factors (EFs) for scattering and absorption coefficients (EF Bscat, EF Babs, in m2 kg-1 fuel burned), single scattering albedos (SSAs), and absorption Ångström exponents (AAEs). From these data we estimate black and brown carbon (BC, BrC) emission factors (g kg-1 fuel burned). The trace gas measurements provide EFs (g kg-1) for CO2, CO, CH4, selected non-methane hydrocarbons up to C10, a large suite of oxygenated organic compounds, NH3, HCN, NOx, SO2, HCl, HF, etc. (up to ˜ 80 gases in all). The emissions varied significantly by source, and light absorption by both BrC and BC was important for many sources. The AAE for dung-fuel cooking fires (4.63 ± 0.68) was significantly higher than for wood-fuel cooking fires (3.01 ± 0.10). Dung-fuel cooking fires also emitted high levels of NH3 (3.00 ± 1.33 g kg-1), organic acids (7.66 ± 6.90 g kg-1), and HCN (2.01 ± 1.25 g kg-1), where the latter could

  15. Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE: emissions of trace gases and light-absorbing carbon from wood and dung cooking fires, garbage and crop residue burning, brick kilns, and other sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. E. Stockwell

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE campaign took place in and around the Kathmandu Valley and in the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP of southern Nepal during April 2015. The source characterization phase targeted numerous important but undersampled (and often inefficient combustion sources that are widespread in the developing world such as cooking with a variety of stoves and solid fuels, brick kilns, open burning of municipal solid waste (a.k.a. trash or garbage burning, crop residue burning, generators, irrigation pumps, and motorcycles. NAMaSTE produced the first, or rare, measurements of aerosol optical properties, aerosol mass, and detailed trace gas chemistry for the emissions from many of the sources. This paper reports the trace gas and aerosol measurements obtained by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR spectroscopy, whole-air sampling (WAS, and photoacoustic extinctiometers (PAX; 405 and 870 nm based on field work with a moveable lab sampling authentic sources. The primary aerosol optical properties reported include emission factors (EFs for scattering and absorption coefficients (EF Bscat, EF Babs, in m2 kg−1 fuel burned, single scattering albedos (SSAs, and absorption Ångström exponents (AAEs. From these data we estimate black and brown carbon (BC, BrC emission factors (g kg−1 fuel burned. The trace gas measurements provide EFs (g kg−1 for CO2, CO, CH4, selected non-methane hydrocarbons up to C10, a large suite of oxygenated organic compounds, NH3, HCN, NOx, SO2, HCl, HF, etc. (up to ∼ 80 gases in all. The emissions varied significantly by source, and light absorption by both BrC and BC was important for many sources. The AAE for dung-fuel cooking fires (4.63 ± 0.68 was significantly higher than for wood-fuel cooking fires (3.01 ± 0.10. Dung-fuel cooking fires also emitted high levels of NH3 (3.00 ± 1.33 g kg−1, organic acids (7.66 ± 6.90 g kg−1, and HCN

  16. KEJAHATAN NAMA DOMAIN BERKAITAN DENGAN MEREK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nizar

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia already has an ITE Law governing domain names in general terms and on certain provisions in chapter VI, but the regulation of domain name crimes is not regulated in the ITE Law as mandated in the academic draft of the ITE Bill. The absence of regulation of domain name norm in the ITE Law creates problems with registrant of domain name (registrant which deliberately register the domain name is bad faith. The characteristic of a crime in a domain name relating to the mark is that the registered domain name has an equation in essence with another party’s well-known brand, the act of doing so by exploiting a reputation for well-known or previously commercially valuable names as domain names for addresses for sites (websites it manages. The Prosecutor may include articles of the KUHP in filing his indictment before the Court during the absence of special regulatory provisions concerning domain name crime.

  17. Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE: emissions of particulate matter from wood- and dung-fueled cooking fires, garbage and crop residue burning, brick kilns, and other sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Jayarathne

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE characterized widespread and under-sampled combustion sources common to South Asia, including brick kilns, garbage burning, diesel and gasoline generators, diesel groundwater pumps, idling motorcycles, traditional and modern cooking stoves and fires, crop residue burning, and heating fire. Fuel-based emission factors (EFs; with units of pollutant mass emitted per kilogram of fuel combusted were determined for fine particulate matter (PM2.5, organic carbon (OC, elemental carbon (EC, inorganic ions, trace metals, and organic species. For the forced-draft zigzag brick kiln, EFPM2.5 ranged from 12 to 19 g kg−1 with major contributions from OC (7 %, sulfate expected to be in the form of sulfuric acid (31.9 %, and other chemicals not measured (e.g., particle-bound water. For the clamp kiln, EFPM2.5 ranged from 8 to 13 g kg−1, with major contributions from OC (63.2 %, sulfate (23.4 %, and ammonium (16 %. Our brick kiln EFPM2.5 values may exceed those previously reported, partly because we sampled emissions at ambient temperature after emission from the stack or kiln allowing some particle-phase OC and sulfate to form from gaseous precursors. The combustion of mixed household garbage under dry conditions had an EFPM2.5 of 7.4 ± 1.2 g kg−1, whereas damp conditions generated the highest EFPM2.5 of all combustion sources in this study, reaching up to 125 ± 23 g kg−1. Garbage burning emissions contained triphenylbenzene and relatively high concentrations of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Sb, making these useful markers of this source. A variety of cooking stoves and fires fueled with dung, hardwood, twigs, and/or other biofuels were studied. The use of dung for cooking and heating produced higher EFPM2.5 than other biofuel sources and consistently emitted more PM2.5 and OC than burning hardwood and/or twigs; this trend was consistent across traditional mud

  18. Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE): emissions of particulate matter from wood- and dung-fueled cooking fires, garbage and crop residue burning, brick kilns, and other sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayarathne, Thilina; Stockwell, Chelsea E.; Bhave, Prakash V.; Praveen, Puppala S.; Rathnayake, Chathurika M.; Robiul Islam, Md.; Panday, Arnico K.; Adhikari, Sagar; Maharjan, Rashmi; Goetz, J. Douglas; DeCarlo, Peter F.; Saikawa, Eri; Yokelson, Robert J.; Stone, Elizabeth A.

    2018-02-01

    The Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE) characterized widespread and under-sampled combustion sources common to South Asia, including brick kilns, garbage burning, diesel and gasoline generators, diesel groundwater pumps, idling motorcycles, traditional and modern cooking stoves and fires, crop residue burning, and heating fire. Fuel-based emission factors (EFs; with units of pollutant mass emitted per kilogram of fuel combusted) were determined for fine particulate matter (PM2.5), organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), inorganic ions, trace metals, and organic species. For the forced-draft zigzag brick kiln, EFPM2.5 ranged from 12 to 19 g kg-1 with major contributions from OC (7 %), sulfate expected to be in the form of sulfuric acid (31.9 %), and other chemicals not measured (e.g., particle-bound water). For the clamp kiln, EFPM2.5 ranged from 8 to 13 g kg-1, with major contributions from OC (63.2 %), sulfate (23.4 %), and ammonium (16 %). Our brick kiln EFPM2.5 values may exceed those previously reported, partly because we sampled emissions at ambient temperature after emission from the stack or kiln allowing some particle-phase OC and sulfate to form from gaseous precursors. The combustion of mixed household garbage under dry conditions had an EFPM2.5 of 7.4 ± 1.2 g kg-1, whereas damp conditions generated the highest EFPM2.5 of all combustion sources in this study, reaching up to 125 ± 23 g kg-1. Garbage burning emissions contained triphenylbenzene and relatively high concentrations of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Sb), making these useful markers of this source. A variety of cooking stoves and fires fueled with dung, hardwood, twigs, and/or other biofuels were studied. The use of dung for cooking and heating produced higher EFPM2.5 than other biofuel sources and consistently emitted more PM2.5 and OC than burning hardwood and/or twigs; this trend was consistent across traditional mud stoves, chimney stoves, and three-stone cooking

  19. NAMA - Nørgaard Andersens Maskinfabrik A/S

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Erik

    1993-01-01

    Præsentation af en 736 kvm stor administrationsbygning på et eksisterende produktionsanlæg. Tilbygningen er i to etager og indeholder udover foyer, toiletter og kantiner en aflang kontorfløj.......Præsentation af en 736 kvm stor administrationsbygning på et eksisterende produktionsanlæg. Tilbygningen er i to etager og indeholder udover foyer, toiletter og kantiner en aflang kontorfløj....

  20. Primary study on quantitative evaluation of driver fatigue; Unten hiro no teiryo hyoka gijutsu ni kansuru kiso kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noguchi, Y; Mochizuki, M; Toyofuku, K [Isuzu Advanced Engineering Center, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Katsuura, T [Chiba University, Chiba (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Quantitative evaluation of physical and mental loads are effective in developing more human-friendly vehicles. Here attention has been focused on the mental load. Attempts were made to find some physiological indices that can be used for quantifying the mental load and resultant fatigue. Subjects were told to perform three different tasks in a climatoron, and the relation between physiological indices and their perception of fatigue as well as their capability of performing the tasks were analyzed. As a result, heart rate variability is a good index for quantitative evaluation of mental load and fatigue. 5 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

  1. Berbagi suami atas nama Tuhan: pengalaman keseharian perempuan dipoligami di Langsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ansor

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how daily experience of the women living in the polygamous family in Langsa, Aceh. The primary argument proposed in this paper is that conflict, in fact, emerges from husband decision to practice polygamy in domestic life despite the belief of some women who accept that Islam countenances the practice of polygamy. The conflict sometimes arises among wives, between husband and the wives or among children of different wives. To prove such argument, the investigation of the daily experience of polygamous family such as the relation among the wives, household financial management, articulation of fairness on both physical and spiritual fulfilment, celebration of religious days (‘Idul Fitri and ‘Idul Adha, as well as upbringing of children was carried out during second semester of 2011. The data was collected through semi-structured interview, observation to the domestic life of the polygamous family, and documentation on divorce suit as a result of practiced polygamy. This study revealed that peaceful family (keluarga sakinah as often regarded as one of the ultimate goals of marriage would never be attained through such practice.

  2. RADIKALISME ATAS NAMA AGAMA: Tafsir Historis Kepemimpinan Nabi Muhammad di Madinah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inayatul Ulya

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Lately the radicalism on behalf religion has been exposed more often through the media in the form of terror, bombing, some violent actions and a variety of other religion crime packaged. Religion is regarded to become a precise media as the reason for the emergence of terrorism. Religion in this matter is too sensitive for pitting on behalf of political expediency. The consequence of the radicalism movement in the name of religion can be bad record because religion should has been called for in peace. The emergence of issues and phenomena of Islamic radicalism become the transnational discourse which cornering the Islam and became a new challenge for Muslims to answer it. Islamic radicalism became a historical phenomenon and also sociological becomes a much talked in the political discourse and global civilization. The consequence of the discourse is then popped the stigma that felt less comfortable for Muslims. For example: the stigma about the Islamic radical movement, the Islamic hardliners, fundamentalism, militants, extremists, right Islam, to terrorism.

  3. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action: developing a Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA ) process for prioritization of NAMAs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Sudhir; Desgain, Denis DR; Sandbukt, Sunniva

    be relevant as next year countries will have to translate their mitigation contribution outlined in their INDCs submitted to UNFCCC into implementation plans. Multiple-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a tool commonly used for decision making process, including to rank options or to short-list a limited...

  4. Guidance for NAMA Design in the Context of Nationally Determined Contributions

    OpenAIRE

    Lütken, Søren; Soezer, Alexandra; Forner, Claudio; Bonduki, Yamil; Vener, James; Hinostroza, Miriam L.; Röser, Frauke; van Tilburg, Xander

    2016-01-01

    Under the Paris Agreement, the Parties agreed, among other things, to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2ºC above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit this increase to 1.5ºC. Article 3 further specifies that, as Nationally Determined Contributions to the global response to climate change, the Parties will undertake and communicate ambitious efforts under different areas. Under Article 4 of the Paris Agreement, the temperature goal is translated ...

  5. Production and Quality Evaluation of Dambu-Nama – A Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigerian Food Journal ... The most optimum processing time, viz cooking and steaming for 60, 90 and 120 min ... The findings show that boiling for 90 minutes is the best processing technique for preparation of high quality dambu-nana.

  6. Physical impact of grazing by sheep on the dynamics of Nama ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UFS

    Physical impact of sheep grazing on arid Karoo subshrub/grass rangeland,. South Africa ... sustainability of rangeland resources, soil and vegetation responses to various grazing systems (Teague &. Dowhower .... The only significant decrease (F3,4 = 18.14, P <0.01) in basal cover of the total herbaceous layer for the 1995 ...

  7. Lessons Learnt from the Development of a Municipal Solid Waste NAMA in Peru

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Morten; Jantzen, Jan; de la Torre, Luis

    Forberedelsen af ​​en "National Apppropriate Mitigation Measures" mhp at reducere udledningen drivhusgasser i Perus kommunale sektor fast affald har ført til en forbedring af emissionsdata. En tilbundsgående beregning af de samlede affaldsemissioner beholdning solid, der anvender IPCC 2006...

  8. Islam Dan Radikalisme (Diskursus: Perilaku Kekerasan Atas Nama Agama Di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhamat Saini

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Islam and Religious Radicalism are happening in Indonesia have been meaningful and double-faced. So, it can be said that Islam ancient (classic with the contemporary (modern are very different and even contrary to what has been taught by the Prophet Muhammad and that has been stated in the Qur'an. Radicalism that emerged in Indonesia are mostly departing from dissatisfaction and their desire to make or implement Islamic law in Indonesia. For them, the injustice, the amount of corruption, prolonged crisis and disharmony between the rich and the poor are the result of failure to apply the Islamic law. Radicalism is not suitable in Islamic teaching, so it is not worth to be addressed in the Islamic religion. Because the real Islam there is not such thing radicalism. In the Qur'an and the Hadith it self ordered his people to respect and love and be gentle to others although the followers of other faiths. Violence in the name of religion that led to this kind of distortion understanding of Islam. Religious legitimacy toward the act of violence has very complex content. In this context, at least there are two important factors that led Islamic religion is seen as "problematic" because of misguided thinking and misinterpretation the meaning and understanding of "jihad".

  9. Penggunaan Pelesetan Nama Panggilan Dalam Masyarakat Sasak Dan Relevansinya Dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Di Sma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Indah Novianti

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The play on nicknames is one of the linguistic phenomena that was emerged in Sasak community. The problems that are found in this research are; the various shapes of the play on nicknames in the Sasak community, the factor behind the surfacing of the play on nicknames in the Sasak community, the cultural function of the use of nickname play in the Sasak community, and its relevance in highschool Indonesia language study. This research is a descriptive qualitative study. This gathering of data has been carried out throught various techniques such as interview, observation, and documentation. The method of data analysis was done through directly describing the research data then making a conclusion based on the data that was previously gained. The various shapes of the play on nicknames in Sasak community are formed as protesis, monoftongisation, paragog, neutralization, vocal modification, aferesis, epentesis, and apokop. The factors behind the surfacing of the play on nicknames in the Sasak community includes 1 simplifying calling name, 2 familiarity, 3 dialect usage. The cultural funcion of the use of nicknames play in the sasak community includes: 1 effectiveness, 2 disformality, 3 maintainance of familiarity.

  10. Physical impact of grazing by sheep in the Nama Karoo subshrub ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    When litter and dung are expressed in terms of loss and excretion per animal, both decreased with increased stocking rate. On average 80% of the dung was excreted on only 10% of the camp area, which mostly took place at the watering and sleeping places. These findings demonstrate the complex interaction between ...

  11. Chromatic regulation in cyanobacterium as studies by HPLC quantitation of photosynthetic pigments. Kogosei shikiso no HPLC teiryo ni motozuku ranso no hikari tekio process tsuiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maeda, H.; Watanabe, T. (The Univ. Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Inst. of Industrial Science)

    1991-08-01

    Plants higher than Cyanobacterium have two kinds of resction centers(RC) which convert photon energy to a flow of electrons and whose photosensitive spectral regions are slightly deviated from each other. In the photosynthetic process, the ratio of numbers between these two kinds of reaction centers is adaptively varied so as to allow the overall flow of electrons to proceed in a well-balanced manner. It is important to rapidly and exactly determine the ratio of RC numbers between the two photochemical systems in order to investigate such photoadaptive process. The report describes the quantitative determination using high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for this purpose. Pigments were extracted from Cyanobacteria which are in different adaptive processes brought by being cultured in the environments differing in the quantity of light or in the environment of varying quantity of light, and subjected to quantitave determination in consideration of the fact that the reaction centers, I and II, have the respective special kinds of chlorophyl derivatives Chl-a, Chl-a{prime}. As the results, it was confirmed that validity can be given to the estimation of the numbers of reaction centers in terms of the quantities of Chl-a and Chl-a prime and the proposed method is drastically faster and simpler than the conventional methods. 14 refs., 5 figs..

  12. Dynamics of hydrogen induced blistering of a low carbon steel sheet by lamb waves analysis; Ramuha no teiryo kaiseki ni yoru hakubanteitansoko no suiso hare no dainamikkusu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, Teruyoshi.; Takemoto, Mikio. [Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Science and Engineering

    1999-06-15

    With the aim of studying the fracture dynamics of environmentally assisted fractures in thin plates, we developed a new source simulation method of the zeroth-order symmetric (or S{sub 0}-) Lamb wave using the experimental overall-transfer function of the system. The transfer function was determined by the time-domain deconvolution of detected S{sub 0}-Lamb component by the artificial fracture source of a compression -type PZT element whose vibration kinetics was estimated by the iteration so that the S{sub o}-waveform detected. Hydrogen induced blistering was found to be caused by the succession of fast Mode-I fracture with source rise times from 0.6 to 1.0{mu}s. The crack volume estimated by the source simulation corresponded to that of fine blistering with an opening displacement of 5{mu}m. As the estimated fracture kinetics of hydrogen blistering coincide with those of delayed fracture of high tension low alloy steel under tensile loading, the kinetics of first and micro-fractures and blistering induced by hydrogen gas precipitation appears to be independent on the hydrogen solubility and strength of steels, the applied stresses and the orientation of cracks. (author)

  13. Surface tension of a coal extract in an organic solvent; Sekitan chushutsu seibun no kaigo to hyomen choryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kikuchi, T.; Hayasaka, K.; Takanohashi, T.; Iino, M. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Institute for Chemical Reaction Science

    1996-10-28

    The behavior and properties of associated bodies were studied through measurement of surface tension considering acetone-soluble fraction relatively light among various solvent extracts of coal. In experiment, the acetone-soluble fraction was extracted from the substances extracted from Upper Freeport coal as standard specimen using the mixed solvent of carbon disulfide (CS2) and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP), and it was dissolved into NMP after drying. Surface tension was measured by Wilhelmy method. The experimental results are as follows. Equilibrium surface tension is equal to the surface tension of pure solvent in a low concentration range of solution, and decreases with an increase in concentration approaching a fixed value at 0 in log concentration, nearly showing an S curve. Adsorption of species with non-polar aromatic ring of the acetone-soluble fraction on a solution surface probably decreases surface tension. Change with time in surface tension is observed which suggests fast initial reaction and slow subsequent reaction. 4 figs.

  14. Hasil Cetak Informasi Elektronik dan/atau Dokumen Elektronik Sebagai Alat Bukti Tindak Pidana Pencemaran Nama Baik Melalui Media Daring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Hardinanto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan dan perubahan dunia menjadi sangat cepat sebagai akibat dari kemajuan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, terutama teknologi transportasi dan komunikasi telah membuat berbagai kemudahan terhadap mobilitas masyarakat. Arus perkembangan informasi antar negara tidak dapat lagi dikendalikan oleh pemerintah, sehingga peran dalam mengendalikan arus mobiltias penduduk melalui jejaring sosial. Pertumbuhan yang seperti ini mengakibatkan perubahan sosial di masyarakat seluruh dunia, lintas batas negara. Kejahatan jenis baru sebagai dampak negatif dari perkembangan teknologi informasi muncul seiring dengan perkembangan teknologi informasi. Kejahatan menggunakan media teknologi informasi atau komputer dan internet disebut Computer Related Crime atau Cybercrime. Kedudukan alat bukti sebagai penegak hukum pidana materiil menjadi parameter hakim untuk memutus suatu perkara. Undang-Undang No. 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik memberikan ruang terhadap hasil cetak alat bukti elektronik dalam cybercrime sebagai alat bukti yang sah. Hasil cetak alat bukti elektronik sah apabila alat bukti elektronik itu dapat dijamin keasliannya. Dengan demikian kedudukan alat bukti elektronik dalam cybercrime memiliki kriteria yang ketat dibanding alat bukti konvensional. Metode penelitian dalam jurnal ini menggunakan pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach, pendekatan kasus (case approach serta pendekatan konseptual (conceptual approach Kata kunci: alat bukti elektronik, cybercrime. 

  15. PRINSIP-PRINSIP HUKUM TENTANG TINDAK PIDANA PENGHINAAN DAN PENCEMARAN NAMA BAIK DALAM PERPSPEKTIF PERLINDUNGAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanda Yoga Rohmana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available International Convention on both the UDHR and ICCPR which guarantee the right of freedom of speech and protection of one's honor and good name. While the Constitution has also guaranteed by Article 28E, 28F and 28G. In the rate level the Act still contained their conflict of law rules among specific law, but it also contained vagueness of the rule of law contained in Article 27 paragraph 3 of the Act ITE and Articles 310 and 311 of the Criminal Code that do not reflect the lex certa and lex scripta. Although there have been special criminal eraser reasons contained in Article 310 paragraph 3 Penal Code in the form of a defense of necessity and in the public interest, but in theory difficult to apply because of lack of the concept of the special criminal eraser reasons. In addition, there is a void laws that have not been regulated in the Indonesian national law as a reason for a special criminal eraser. Legal issues discussed are The offenses insult and defamation in terms of the principles and laws of human rights, 2 Formulation of law and/or construction law related criminal offenses insult and defamation in order to balance the protection of freedom of speech and respect the individual's good name.

  16. Quantitative analysis of sulfur forms of coal and the pyrolysis behavior of sulfur compounds; Sekitanchu no io kagobutsu no keitaibetsu gan`yuryo no teiryo to sono netsubunkai kyodo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mae, K.; Miura, K.; Shimada, M. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-10-28

    As part of the studies on coal utilization basics, considerations were given on quantification of sulfur forms of coal and the pyrolysis behavior of sulfur compounds. With the temperature raising oxidation method, a thermo-balance was connected directly to a mass analyzer, and the coal temperature was raised at a rate of 5{degree}C per minute and gasified. Peak division was performed on SO2 and COS production to derive sulfur forms of coal. Using the slow-speed pyrolysis method, production rates of H2S, COS, SO2 and mercaptans were measured at a temperature raising rate of 20{degree}C per minute. Sulfur content in char was also measured. With the quick pyrolysis method, a Curie point pyrolyzer was connected directly to a gas chromatograph, by which secondary reaction is suppressed, and initial pyrolytic behavior can be tracked. All kinds of coals produce a considerable amount of SO2 in the slow-speed pyrolysis, but very little in the quick pyrolysis. Instead, H2S and mercaptans are produced. Sulfur compound producing mechanisms vary depending on the temperature raising rates. By using a parallel primary reaction model, analysis was made on reactions of H2S production based on different activation energies, such as those generated from pyrite decomposition and organic sulfur decomposition. The analytic result agreed also with that from the temperature raising oxidation method. 4 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Determination of sup 238 U in marine organisms by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Yudo ketsugo plasma shitsuryo bunsekiho ni yoru kaiyo seibutsuchu no sup 238 U no teiryo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishii, T.; Nakahara, M; Matsuda, M.; Ishikawa, M. (National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Ibaraki (Japan))

    1991-05-25

    Since the {sup 238} U concentration in seawater is about 3ng/ml at the element level and the activity concentration is 40 {mu} Bq/ml which are considerably higher that those of other {alpha} radioactive materials, it is necessary to study the concentration levels of many marine organisms. After confirming that the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as a new high sensitive analysis for multi-elements is effective to analyze heavy elements such as rare earth elements or uranium, etc., this method was applied to determine {sup 238} U in 55 species of marine organism. The {sup 238} U concentration in soft tissues of marine animal ranged from 0.076 to 5000ng/g wet weight and large difference of concentration was observed depending on the kind of animal and the tissue. Especially, the branchial heart of cephalopod molluscs showed the specific accumulation of {sup 238} U. The concentration factor of branchial heart of Octopus vulgaris which showed the highest value was calculated to be about 10 {sup 3} by comparing it with the concentration of {sup 238} U in Japanese coastal waterseas. The concentration of {sup 238} U in 20 species of algae ranged from 10 to 3700ng/g dry weight. 11 refs., 2 figs., 9 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1998 development report on the high-accuracy quantitative analysis technique of catalyst surfaces by electron spectroscopy; 1998 nendo denshi bunkoho ni yoru shokubai hyomen koseido teiryo bunseki gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project aims at development of the high-accuracy quantitative analysis technique by electron spectroscopy for surface analysis of catalysts and semiconductors. Since conventional analysis technique using an energy-fixed X-ray excitation source is inadequate to obtain satisfactory surface sensitivity and quantitative accuracy for catalysts, for development of the titled technique, this project makes experiment using energy-variable synchrotron radiation to modify the parameter on motion of low-speed electrons in solids which is obtained by Monte Carlo calculation. For establishment of the high-accuracy quantitative analysis technique of surface compositions of materials such as catalyst of which performance is dominated by utmost surface, the project studies the attenuation length of electrons in solids by electron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from synchrotron radiation. In this fiscal year, the project established the equipment and technique for high-accuracy quantitative analysis of the thickness and electron attenuation length of silicon oxide films on silicon wafers by electron spectroscopy. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1999 international cooperation project report. Development of high-precision quantitative analysis technology for catalyst surfaces by electron spectroscopy; 1999 nendo denshi bunkoho ni yoru shokubai hyomen koseido teiryo bunseki bijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This project targets to make analysis of surface chemical phenomena of solid catalysts possible, and establish the basis of intelligent design for catalytic materials, through development of an advanced electron spectroscopy for surface analysis. In fiscal 1999, the research was promoted by using the diffraction grating and driving mechanism introduced in fiscal 1998, and by developing the measurement result on silicon oxide films by radiation beam photoelectron spectroscopy. The measurement technique was established by the optimized measurement process which can treat variable parameters as constant. The analysis result of measurement data in fiscal 1999 showed the dependence of an electron damping length in silicon oxide films on radiation photon energy. The energy dependence well agreed with a theoretically obtained inelastic mean free path of electrons qualitatively, while was smaller by nearly 30% than the latter quantitatively. Measurement was made on the damping length in oxidation-active Gd and Nd oxide films. In both cases of Si and Si oxide film substrates, oxidation of substrates or formation of silicate was observed. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the evaluation of the development of the catalyst surface high accuracy quantitative analysis technology using electron spectroscopy; Denshi bunkoho ni yoru shokubai hyomen koseido teiryo bunseki gijutsu no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    An objective evaluation from a third party was conducted on the purpose, plan, execution method, achievement, etc. of a project 'The devilment of the catalyst surface high accuracy quantitative analysis technology using electron spectroscopy.' The purpose of the project is to make the relationing possible between the analytical results of the catalyst surface and the catalyst performance which has been so far difficult by heightening the accuracy of the catalyst quantitative surface analytical accuracy using the electron spectroscopy. The purpose and significance are judged to be worth a lot. This project is an industry/university/government joint project between the two countries. The project is excellent both in connection among research institutes and leadership of chief researchers, and it is judged that the joint research system fully functioned. The term of the project was shortened from 3 years in the first plan to 2 years, and therefore, the study was finished only on silicon oxide and organic thin films. However, it was determined that the study results are to be run in the magazine 'Surface and Interface Analysis,' which indicates that the achievement was judged to be very worth in the academic viewpoint. (NEDO)

  1. Synergistic extraction of gold from sulfuric acid solution containing thiourea. Ryusan sansei chio nyoso yoeki kara no kin no kyodo chushutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niinae, M.; Nakahiro, Y.; Wakamatsu, T. (Kyoto Univ., Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Engineering); Oboso, A. (Kyoto Univ., Kyoto (Japan). Graduate School); Takenaka, Y. (Kyoto Univ., Kyoto (Japan))

    1991-08-20

    Solvent extraction was investigated as a method of recovering Au from sulfuric acid solution containing thiourea. With the objective of improving Au extraction by die-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and tri-n-octylamine (TOA), effects of D2EHPA, TOA, TBP (tri-n-butyl phosphate), and trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) as extractants were investigated. When mixed extractant of D2EHPA with TBP or TOPO, or mixture of TOA with TBP or TOPO was used, synergistic effect was observed for the extraction of AU, and they were proved to be effective for the improvement of Au extraction. When D2EHPA/TBP and D2EHPA/TOPO mixtures were used, the extraction of Fe was suppressed on the contrary, and they were found to be effective for the separation of Au and Fe. Benzene used as diluent seemed to be favorable to both the extraction of Au and the separation of Au and Fe. The selection of sulfuric acid concentration seemed to be an important factor for the extraction efficiency of Au and the separation efficiency of Au and Fe, while little effect was observed with the concentration of thiourea. 4 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  2. Development of new peptide synthetic method of enzyme using the extraction reactivity; Chushutsu hanno wo mochiita shiki pepuchido koso goseiho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirata, Makoto [Oita University, Oita (Japan)

    1999-03-05

    Recently, taste and bioactivation of large number of oligopeptide become clear, and the development of the efficient synthetic method becomes the urgency. In the production process by conventional enzyme reaction which combined the crystallization, because the solubility of the product to the water which is reaction solvent is low, the yield remained at about 60%, and the problem of reaction inhibition of the product by the crystal had also been indicated. In the enzyme synthesis of the aspartame in which he is the representative oligopeptide, it aimed at the establishment of the new synthesis method which can improve yield and reaction rate, while the segregation enzyme was continuously utilized. In this synthetic method, supply of organic solvent which dissolved the substrate, extraction of the substrate from organic solvent to water phase, synthesis reaction by the segregation enzyme in water phase, extraction of the aspartame which is a product from water phase to organic solvent progress, and they continuously progress by one complete mixing reactor. The process which controlled these speeds and yields was quantitatively analyzed, and material balance style considering substrate, enzyme and mass transfer of the product and enzyme reaction speed was deduced. The optimum operating condition for improving yield and productivity of the purpose product using this solution was examined, and optimum supply concentration and agitation speed of aspartic acid which was a substrate were started, and the optimum operating condition which realizes the improvement in high yield and productivity over 90% of the aspartame was clarified. Like this, it is that this research adopts features of liquid Citrus nobilis two-phase partition for the enzyme synthesis of the aspartame, and it is considered that there is a value, because it is the creative research which verified that the productivity can be greatly improved by the utilization of the chemical-engineering technique, and because the industrial contribution is also big. (translated by NEDO)

  3. Selective extraction of palladium with caffeine from acidic chloride media; Sansei enkabutsu yoeki karano kafuein ni yoru parajiumu no sentakuteki chushutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaikake, K.; Baba, Y. [Miyazaki University, Miyazaki (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1999-06-10

    In order to examine the possibility of caffeine as an extractant, the extraction of metal ions from acidic chloride media was studied at 298 K using the mixture solvent of chloroform and 2-ethyl-1-hexanol. Caffeine has exhibited a high selectivity for palladium (2) over base metals such as copper (2), nickel (2), and iron (3), and over precious metal such as platinum (4). The stoichiometric relation in the extraction of palladium (2) with caffeine was elucidated by examining the effects of chloride ion, hydrogen ion, and caffeine concentrations on its extractability. In addition, palladium (2) was found to be extracted selectively with caffeine from the mixture containing a 25-fold amount of platinum (4) or copper (2). The stripping of palladium (2) was performed to an extent of 80% by a single batchwise treatment with an aqueous mixture solution of hydrochloric acid and thiourea. (author)

  4. Features extraction from image based on processes of human vision; Ningen no shikaku shori tejun ni naratta gazo no tokucho chushutsu hoho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakajima, C.; Ishino, R. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-03-01

    Described herein is a feature extraction processing method necessary for measurement of an object on a stationary image. It imitates the structures and functions of the visual area in the human brain to automatically extract features, such as edges, lines and apexes, from a stationary image or drawing. Information transmitted from the retina to the primary visual cortex area 1 (V1 area) is processed to extract feature candidates from brightness changes on the shading-treated image. The V1 area has the cells which react with long lines and the structure which controls the other cells. This structure is used to remove noise, where a portion which is not controlled is extracted from feature candidates, and is regarded as a line feature. This procedure, involving shading, is not suited for process of images containing an out-of-focus portion, but stably extracts features from clear images or drawings. 9 refs., 28 figs.

  5. FY 1980 Report on results of Sunshine Project. Development of coal liquefaction techniques (Development of 1 T/D test plant, and researches on the solvent-extraction type liquefaction process); 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu, yozai chushutsu ekika plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1t/nichi jikken plant no kaihatsu, yozai chushutsu ekika process no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This program is aimed at establishing the techniques for solvent-extraction type coal liquefaction plant by constructing and operating a 1 T/D test plant to obtain the technical data for the efficient plant. The test plant is operated to confirm the effects of temperature and coal slurry concentration on liquefaction conversion by the solvent-extraction for a short time in the furnace for the extraction unit. The extraction type coal liquefaction tests can be conducted for a reaction time of around 1 hour by the test plant. The recycled solvent purification unit is installed, to regenerate the hydrogen donor solvent. For researches on the solvent-extraction type coal liquefaction process, the continuous extraction is conducted, to investigate the effects of extraction reaction rate at relatively low pressure. The optimum hydrogenation conditions are studied for the test plant. It is confirmed that a Mo-based catalyst is suitable for the hydrogenation. The batch type reaction system is operated to investigate the liquid yield of Wandoan coal, and recycled solvent balances and compositions. (NEDO)

  6. Keabsahan Informasi pada Media Sosial sebagai Alat Bukti dalam Pembuktian Tindak Pidana Pencemaran Nama Baik Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Sirait, Togi Robson

    2015-01-01

    Perkembangan Teknologi merukan salah satu dampak dari globalisasi yang tidak bias dihindarkan. Era globalisasi ini telah menjadi pendorong lahirnya era teknologi informasi. Perkembangan teknologi telah menyebabkan dunia menjadi tanpa batas dan menyebabkan perubahan sosial secara signifikan berlangsung demikian cepat. Sehingga dapat dikatakan teknologi informasi saat ini telah menjadi pedang bermata dua, karena selain memberikan kontribusi bagi peningkatan kesejahteraan, kemajuan, dan peradaba...

  7. Hak Kebebasan Berpendapat dalam Hubungannya dengan Pencemaran Nama Baik Menurut KUHP; Perspektif Teori Maqâṣid Sharî’ah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh. Faizur Rohman

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Human rights are often echoed by various parties are sometimes opposed to each other. Many journalists who exercised the right to freedom of expression expressed the opinion that the right has been protected by the 1945 Constitution article 28 E (3, precisely resulting in a criminal offense of defamation for those who do not like it. Defamation articles in the Criminal Code are often regarded as a powerful weapon against a criticism as a form of antipathy against criticism. Therefore, there should be efforts to classify the forms of the use of rights and forms of criminal acts. and will be seen from the standpoint of maqâṣid sharî’ah. Through approach statue approach, and case approach, obtained that the law has protected the rights of everyone in expressing opinions. Every person shall have the right and freedom to express opinions but such rights shall not infringe the rights of others. In maqâṣid is guaranteed and protected self-esteem, the soul for every human being is contained in the principle of ḥifḍu al-nafs wa al-‘ird. Therefore, in every opinion, communicate and socialize should pay attention to the rights of others is the dignity of one's dignity to create a balanced and harmonious life.

  8. Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE): Emissions of particulate matter from garbage burning, wood and dung cooking fires, motorcycles and brick kilns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayarathne, T. S.; Rathnayake, C.; Stockwell, C.; Daugherty, K.; Islam, R. M.; Christian, T. J.; Bhave, P.; Praveen, P. S.; Panday, A. K.; Adhikari, S.; Rasmi, M.; Goetz, D.; DeCarlo, P. F.; Saikawa, E.; Yokelson, R. J.; Stone, E. A.

    2016-12-01

    The Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMASTE) field campaign targeted the in-situ characterization of widespread and under-sampled combustion sources in South Asia by determining emission factors (EF) for fine particulate matter (PM2.5), organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon, inorganic ions, trace metals, and organic species. Garbage burning had the highest EF PM2.5 among the sampled sources ranging 7-124 g kg-1, with maximum EFs for garbage burned under higher moisture conditions. Garbage burning emissions contained high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAHs) and heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Zn) that are associated with acute and chronic health effects. Triphenylbenzene and antimony (Sb) were unique to garbage burning are good candidates for tracing this source. Cook stove emissions varied largely by stove technology (traditional mud stove, 3-stone cooking fire, chimney stove, etc.) and biomass fuel (dung, hardwood, twigs, and mixtures thereof). Burning dung consistently emitted more PM2.5 than burning wood and contained characteristic fecal sterols and stanols. Motorcycle emissions were evaluated before and after servicing, which decreased EF PM2.5 from 8.8 g kg-1 to 0.7 g kg-1. Organic species analysis indicated that this reduction in PM2.5­ is largely due to a decrease in emission of motor oil. For brick kilns, the forced draft zig-zag kilns had higher EF PM2.5 (12-19 g kg-1) compared to clamp kilns (8-13 g kg-1) and also exhibited chemical differences. PM2.5 emitted from the zig-zag kiln were mainly OC (7%), sulfate (32%) and uncharacterized chemical components (60%), while clamp kiln emissions were dominated by OC (64%) and ammonium sulfate (36%). The quantitative emission factors developed in this study may be used for source apportionment and to update regional emission inventories.

  9. Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE): Emissions of particulate matter from wood and dung cooking fires, brick kilns, generators, trash and crop residue burning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Elizabeth; Jayarathne, Thilina; Stockwell, Chelsea; Christian, Ted; Bhave, Prakash; Siva Praveen, Puppala; Panday, Arnico; Adhikari, Sagar; Maharjan, Rashmi; Goetz, Doug; DeCarlo, Peter; Saikawa, Eri; Yokelson, Robert

    2016-04-01

    The Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMASTE) field campaign targeted the in situ characterization of widespread and under-sampled combustion sources. In Kathmandu and the Terai, southern Nepal's flat plains, samples of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were collected from wood and dung cooking fires (n = 22), generators (n = 2), groundwater pumps (n = 2), clamp kilns (n = 3), zig-zag kilns (n = 3), trash burning (n = 4), one heating fire, and one crop residue fire. Co-located measurements of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds allowed for the application of the carbon mass balance approach to estimate emission factors for PM2.5, elemental carbon, organic carbon, and water-soluble inorganic ions. Organic matter was chemically speciated using gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, sterols, n-alkanes, hopanes, steranes, and levoglucosan, which accounted for 2-8% of the measured organic carbon. These data were used to develop molecular-marker based profiles for use in source apportionment modeling. This study provides quantitative emission factors for particulate matter and its constituents for many important combustion sources in Nepal and South Asia.

  10. Effect of operating methods of wind turbine-generator system on net power extraction under wind speed fluctuations in fields; Hendo fukyoka deno doryoku chushutsu kara mita furyoku hatsuden system no unten seigyoho ni kansuru kosatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wakui, T. [Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo (Japan); Hashizume, T.; Ota, E. [Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan). School of Science and Engineering

    2000-01-25

    The effect of operating methods of wind turbine-generator system on net power extraction under wind speed fluctuations is discussed in relation to the dynamic behavior of the system. The system is composed of a Darrieus-Savonius hybrid wind turbine and a load generator. In this paper, two types of operating method are examined; constant tip speed ratio operation for stand-alone power systems (Scheme 1) and synchronous operation for utility power systems (Scheme 2). The computed results of the net extracting power using our dynamic simulation model show that the dominant factor of power extraction in Scheme 1 is the dynamic characteristics of rotational components and that it is important to select the appropriate rated wind speed in Scheme 2. Thus, it is concluded that a conformable operating method and rated power output of the system exist for each wind condition. In particular, small-scale systems, which are smaller than approximately 10 kW-system range, are desirable to be operated under a constant tip speed ratio as stand-alone power systems. (author)

  11. FY 2000 report on the survey of extraction of areas promising in strategic geothermal development. Kurikoma peripheral region; 2000 nendo senryakuteki chinetsu kaihatsu yubo chiiki chushutsu chosa hokokusho. Kurikoma shuhen chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the Kurikoma peripheral region with the aim of contributing to the selection of important areas for survey, plans to be worked out for introduction of medium-term/long-term and effective geothermal development promotion survey, estimation of the developmental resource amount in the areas, etc. In the study, based on the geological survey, geochemical survey, physical survey and well survey which were conducted directly for the Kurikoma peripheral region, the data needed to elucidate geothermal structure elements were extracted and re-analyzed to make geothermal models. Based on the geothermal system conceptual model made, the data on the areas already developed, etc. were arranged to make criteria for extraction of promising areas. By the criteria, the following three areas were selected, and geothermal structure models were made for the areas: promising area 1 in geothermal development (Sanzugawa-Oyu spa, 66km{sup 2}), promising area 2 (Wasabizawa-Akinomiya area, 37km{sup 2}), promising area 3 (Onikobe-Kamitaki spa, 21km{sup 2}). These promising areas were evaluated by the resource amount density, data likelihood, regulation by the natural park law, etc. Important areas for survey were selected and the resource amount was calculated. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1996 report on the cooperative research on the development of environmentally friendly high efficiency mineral resource extraction/treatment technology; 1996 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This promotion project on the cooperative research aims at developing technology to efficiently extract and recover valuable metals including in large quantity in tailings of ores in the Republic of Kazakhstan in consideration of the environmental harmony. The support study in Japan was conducted as follows. As to the Nikolayevska low grade ore, high leaching speed and high leaching rate by grain refining were made possible. The coarse grain was also possible of leaching if leached for a long time. The sulfide froth is possible of leaching in fine grain and in the temperature range of 50 degrees C. The Zhezkent tailings were possible of leaching with sulfuric acid, by aeration, and in the range of medium temperature. The sulfide froth was possible of leaching in fine grain and at temperature of 50 degrees C. After filtration/washing and regrinding, high sampling rates of bulk concentrate and pyrite concentrate were obtained by sulfide flotation by zanthate. The Zhezkent copper concentrate was tested on various factors such as grain size, temperature, and washing/no washing, to confirm effects of bacteria. In the pre-observation test on Au and Ag leaching, cyanogen leaching test was conducted using Cu leaching residue. About Cu, studied were leaching (vat leaching, flotation froth machine agitation (temperature increase, bacteria)), solvent extraction, and electrowinning. About Au and Ag, studied were cyanogen leaching and process of adsorption of activated carbon. (NEDO)

  13. Research on mechanism of and catalysts for extraction liquefaction of coal using coal-based solvents; Sekitankei yozai ni yoru sekitan no chushutsu ekika kiko to shokubai no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-07-01

    Papers of Professor Yoshio Kamiya of Tokyo University are compiled into this report. The list of the papers includes (1) Synthesis of heavy fuel oils from coal; (2) Research and development of coal liquefaction; (3) Dissolution reaction of coal by hydrogen-donating aromatic solvents (I); (4) Effect of hydrogen-donor solvent on the liquefaction of coal; (5) Recent studies on the chemical structure of solvent refined coal; (6) Dissolution reaction of coal by hydrogen-donating aromatic solvents (II); (7) Future of coal as energy material; (8), (9), (10) same as (6) in the subject discussed; (11) Recent studies on coal liquefaction catalysts; (12) Environmental problems and drain treatment to accompany processes of converting fossil resources into fuels; (13) Chemistry of coal oxidation; (14) Fractionation and analysis of solvent refined coal by gel permeation chromatography; (15) Current state of research and development of coal liquefaction; (16) Properties and components of coal oils from coal liquefaction processes under development; (17) Solvent effect of coal derived aromatic compounds on the liquefaction of Akabira coal; (18) Chemistry of coal liquefaction; (19) Research and development of coal liquefaction in the U.S.; (20) Thermal treatment of coal-related aromatic ethers in tetralin solution; (21) Recent technology of utilizing heavy carbon resources; (22) Chemical properties and reactivity of coal; (23) Current state and future of development of coal liquefaction processes; and (24) Development of overseas coal liquefaction projects. (NEDO)

  14. Few studies of the effect of diluents on extraction of cobalt with D2EHPA. D2EHPA ni yoru Co no chushutsu ni ataeru kishakuzai no eikyo ni kansuru jakkan no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aranae, M.; Nakataka, Y.; Wakamatsu, T. (Kyoto Univ., Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Engineering); Saito, I.; Sakamoto, H. (Environment Research Inst. Resources Technical Tsukuba (Japan))

    1991-12-27

    Study was made on extraction of cobalt from weak acid solution with di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) using various polar diluents such as benzene, toluene, o-xylene, m-xylene, n-heptane, cyclohexane and n-hepatne-benzene mixtures. Extraction efficiency of cobalt has decreased in the order, n-heptane > cyclohexane > m-xylene > o-xylene > toluene > benzene and this order has been in good agreement with the decreasing order of solubility parameters of diluents,and has shown the possibility of application of regular solution theory. When n-heptane and cyclohexane as diluents, in low loading ratio(L),were used Co-D2EHPA polymer were formed compared to other diluents. On the other hand when mixture of n-heptane/benzene was used as diluent, the efficiency of extraction, salting-out effect and formation of Co-D2EHPA polymer has changed with the texture of mixture.This change may be due to the effect of L and it has been thought for the necessity of investigation of extraction of cobalt in low polar diluents. 13 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. FY 1995 report on the cooperative research on the development of environmentally friendly high efficiency mineral resource extraction/treatment technology; 1995 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This promotion project on the cooperative research aims to efficiently extract and recover valuable metals (gold, silver, copper, rare metal, etc.) including in large quantity in tailings of ores in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In FY 1995, conducted were the field survey, support study in Japan, acceptance of researchers from Kazakhstan, conceptual design of pilot plant, etc. The ore/mineral for Cu is mainly an alteration ore of chalcopyrite. Au and Ag are low grade and unknown, and the main gangue mineral is pyrite. The low grade ore (waste/much) of the Nikolayevska mine has a tendency to leaching at normal temperature, but the ore of mostly chalcopyrite such as tailings from each place has difficulty in leaching. It gets leaching by increasing temperature. The more the temperature rises, the more conspicuous the reaction becomes. Further, chalcopyrite is leached with priority over pyrite. From the result, a technical potentiality was obtained of leaching of low grade chalcopyrite in tailings mostly of pyrite. The existence of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans was confirmed. As to the recovery method for Au and Ag, CIC is studied. The process of waste/much is solvent extraction, electrowinning study and leaching, and that of tailings is bacteria leaching and leaching study. (NEDO)

  16. FY 2000 report on the survey of extraction of areas promising in strategic geothermal development. Hachimantai south region; 2000 nendo senryakuteki chinetsu kaihatsu yubo chiiki chushutsu chosa hokokusho. Hachimantai nanbu chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the Hachimantai south region with the aim of contributing to plans to be worked out for introduction of medium-term/long-term and important geothermal development promotion surveys, estimation of the developmental resource amount, etc. In the survey, the data were widely collected/arranged on the geothermal development surveys so far made in the Hachimantai south region, and wide-area geothermal system conceptual models in this region were constructed. Based on the wide-area geothermal system conceptual models and the manual for strategic survey, the following were extracted as areas for which the existence of geothermal reservoir structures is expected: Toshichi spa and the southeast area, Kakkonda-Matsukawa-Iwateyama area, Nyuto spa and the southwest area. Further, from the criteria for extraction such as the resource amount density, the natural park law and data likelihood, extracted were the Moroedake area (9km{sup 2}), Matsukawa east area (10km{sup 2}), Omatsukurayama south area (9km{sup 2}) and Kakkonda east area (14km{sup 2}). In the Monte Carlo analysis by the stored heat method, the resource amount was estimated as 5MWe, 14MWe, 4MWe and 48MWe, respectively. (NEDO)

  17. FY1996 research cooperation for the development of the environmentally friendly technology for highly efficient mineral resources extraction and treatment; 1997 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The above-named project aims to jointly develop technologies to efficiently extract and recover valuable metals (gold, silver, copper, rare metals, etc.) from slag, with caution fully exercised to conserve the environment, for effectively utilizing non-ferrous resources in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The effort covers a seven-year period beginning in fiscal 1994. The elements which are studied are technologies that involve leaching, solvent extraction, electroextraction, recovery of gold and silver, and waste water treatment. In this fiscal year, wet treatment, gold and silver treatment, and waste water treatment are studied in on-site joint researches and in domestic researches for specimens sampled at the Kazakhstan site. In addition, based on the results of the above-said basic researches, some parts of the pilot plant to be constructed is designed and manufactured. For propelling forward the project, equipment necessary for joint research is procured and forwarded to the site, and Kazakhstan scientists are invited to Japan for training. (NEDO)

  18. FY 2000 report on the survey for extraction of areas promising in strategic exploration geothermal development. Kirishima region; 2000 nendo senryakuteki chosa chinetsu kaihatsu yubo chiiki chushutsu chosa hokokusho. Kirishima chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted for the Kirishima region with the aim of contributing to working out future medium- and long-term plans of geothermal development promotion survey, estimation of the developmental resource amount, extraction of technology development subjects effectively connecting to the increase in kW, etc. In the study, literature is collected such as reports of the surveys already made in the Kirishima region and the periphery, the data were re-analyzed and divided into geological structure elements and geological structure elements, and a conceptual model of the geothermal system in the whole Kirishima region was made. As a result, two areas were extracted for which the existence of high temperature geothermal reservoirs is expected. The total resource amount was estimated at 2,785MWe at promising area 1 and at 3,237MWe at promising area 2. With the resource amount density, data likelihood and distribution status of national/quasi-national parks as extraction criteria, 6 out of these promising areas were focused on important areas for survey. Geothermal structure models were made for each of the 6 areas, and the evaluation of the resource amount using evaluation assist tools was carried out. (NEDO)

  19. Extraction equilibria of amino acids by Di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid in n-heptane solutions; Di (2-ethylhexyl) rinsan no n-heptane yoeki ni yoru aminosan no chushutsu heiko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, M. [Suzuka National College of Technology, Mie (Japan); Tani, F. [Toyohashi University of Technology, Aichi (Japan); Kawai, Y. [Wako Jyunyaku Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan); Takeuchi, H. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1997-03-10

    The extraction equilibria (i.e., distribution ratio) of amino acids by Di (2-ethyl hexyl) phosphoric acid in n-heptane solutions was investigated at a temperature of 298.2 K in the low pH range (of 2 to 5). The equal amount of an amino acid solution and an extracted solution with the predetermined concentration were shaken using a flask, and the concentration of amino acid in water phase was analyzed by a ninhydrin method. The concentration in organic phase was obtained by the concentration analysis in water phase and the material balance method after the amino acid is back-extracted by solution hydrochloride. The distribution ratio is in inverse proportion to the hydrogen ion concentration and in proportion to the 0.5th power of extracted agent concentration. The equilibrium constant is 0.650, 0.420, 0.320, 0.275, 0.064, and 0.040 mol{sup 0.5}/m{sup 1.5} in L-phenylalanine, L-tryptophane, L-leucine, L-methionine, glycine, and L-alanine, respectively. The equilibrium constant of the largest L-phenylalanine is 16 times as high as the smallest alanine. The extracted equilibrium constant increased as the hydrophobic property of amino acid increases. 18 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Data 5. Development of coal liquefaction technology/Development of solvent extraction liquefaction technology/Development of brown coal solvent extraction plant (Development of 50t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 5). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Research is conducted for the development of a liquefaction plant (50t/d pilot plant) for Australia's Victorian brown coal. In fiscal 1981, using the process concept and design data obtained through the study of elementary matters, a detailed design of a primary hydrogenation system is drawn, part of the equipment is procured, and on-site construction work is started. The book is a collection of materials which include engineering specifications related to electrical designs, lists of electrical items, specifications related to civil engineering designs, drawings such as planning drawings, and a detailed construction design drawn by an Australian engineering corporation and related documents and drawings. Concerning the manufacture of mechanical systems, items procurable in Japan, specifications of items procurable in Australia, lists, drawings, etc., are shown. Also included are the details of on-site preparation for construction and on-site work, conceptual designs of processes of dehydration, deashing, and secondary hydrogenation, etc. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Data 4. Development of coal liquefaction technology/Development of solvent extraction liquefaction technology/Development of brown coal solvent extraction plant (Development of 50t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (Shiryo 4). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Research is conducted for the development of a liquefaction plant (50t/d pilot plant) for Australia's Victorian brown coal. In fiscal 1981, using the process concept and design data obtained through the study of elements, a detailed design of a primary hydrogenation system is drawn, part of the equipment is procured, and on-site construction work is started. The book is a collection of materials which include instrumentation-related drawings covering an instrumentation loop sketch, instrument inspection specifications (flow meter, level gage, pressure gage, thermometer, regulation meter, analyzing meter, signal receiving meter, and instrument board), general specifications for electrical instrumentation facilities, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the achievements in research and development of a coal liquefaction technology in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction plant (development of a 1-t/d experimental plant and research on the solvent extraction and liquefaction process); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, yozai chushutsu ekika plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1t/d jikken plant no kaihatsu (yozai chushutsu ekika process no kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Among the items of the solvent extraction and liquefaction plant technologies in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981, this paper describes the achievements in developing a 1-t/d experimental plant and the solvent extraction and liquefaction process. Basic facilities were completed by giving expansion constructions on the extraction reaction column, gas-liquid separation column, and hydrogenation reaction column. The operation was performed with the primary object placed on verifying the effect of measures on problems that have been extracted, and checking the solvent balance. The conversion rate at an extraction reaction temperature of 450 degrees C was 83%, agreeing with the result of the fundamental study. The solvent has turned light as a result of 153-hour continuous operation, but circulating use was possible. Progress of the reaction has become easily controllable in the hydrogenation system. Fundamental discussions were given on engineering aspects, which require further accumulation of data. In the research of the solvent extraction and liquefaction process, fiscal 1981 has performed discussions on liquefaction catalysts, and on the effect of the hydrogen donating solvents. The discussions were for the fundamental research to establish adequate conditions for the 1-t/d experimental plant by operating a small continuous operation facility to its full extent, and by using a batch type reaction device. Screening was also carried out on catalysts. (NEDO)

  3. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Data 5. Development of coal liquefaction technology/Development of solvent extraction liquefaction technology/Development of brown coal solvent extraction plant (Development of 50t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 5). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Research is conducted for the development of a liquefaction plant (50t/d pilot plant) for Australia's Victorian brown coal. In fiscal 1981, using the process concept and design data obtained through the study of elementary matters, a detailed design of a primary hydrogenation system is drawn, part of the equipment is procured, and on-site construction work is started. The book is a collection of materials which include engineering specifications related to electrical designs, lists of electrical items, specifications related to civil engineering designs, drawings such as planning drawings, and a detailed construction design drawn by an Australian engineering corporation and related documents and drawings. Concerning the manufacture of mechanical systems, items procurable in Japan, specifications of items procurable in Australia, lists, drawings, etc., are shown. Also included are the details of on-site preparation for construction and on-site work, conceptual designs of processes of dehydration, deashing, and secondary hydrogenation, etc. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the achievements in the projects subsidized by the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Data 3. Development of a coal liquefaction technology - development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology - 'development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant' (Development of a 50-t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 3). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Developmental researches were carried out on a liquefaction plant for the Victoria brown coal produced in Australia (a 50-t/d pilot plant). In fiscal 1981, detailed design was performed on the primary hydrogenation system by using the process conception and the design data obtained in the element studies. Part of the devices was procured, and the site construction was begun. The present data is a collection of drawings in relation with the instrumentation design, such as the meter specifications, front view drawings for meter panels, drawings for panel arrangement in the central control room, a computer room layout drawing, control system explanation drawings, interlock diagrams, and the instrumentation power supply diagrams. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the achievements in the projects subsidized by the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Data 2. Development of a coal liquefaction technology - development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology - 'development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant' (Development of a 50-t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 2). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Developmental researches were carried out on a liquefaction plant for the Victoria brown coal produced in Australia (a 50-t/d pilot plant). In fiscal 1981, detailed design was performed on the primary hydrogenation system by using the process conception and the design data obtained in the element studies. Part of the devices was procured, and the site construction was begun. The present data is a collection of drawings in relation with the machine design, such as the piping specifications, standard piping drawings, piping design procedures, piping drawings, pipe lists, and device inspection specifications. In relation with the instrumentation design, the instrumentation engineering specifications and meter lists. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the achievements in development of a coal liquefaction technology (a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology) in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Data 1. Development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant (50 t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 1). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This paper describes the data-1 for developing a brown coal based solvent extraction plant in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. The data are for the development of a liquefaction plant for Victoria brown coal produced in Australia (a 50-t/d pilot plant). Fiscal 1981 has performed detailed design on the primary hydrogenation system by using the process conception and the design data obtained in the element studies. Part of the machines and devices was procured, and the site construction was begun. Detailed design documents and drawings were prepared. The data collected in relation with the plant design included the followings: device lists, entire factory layout drawings, device arrangement drawings, process flow sheets, utility flow sheets (fuel gas and fuel oil systems, steam and condensate systems, air for instrumentation, plant air, cooling water supply and return, industrial water and treated water, a waste water treatment system, a nitrogen system, and a waste gas system), public pollution preventing facilities, hazardous location classifying plans, and material balances. The data collected in relation with the machine design included pressure vessel engineering specifications, heat exchanger engineering specifications, and device purchase specifications. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Data 4. Development of coal liquefaction technology/Development of solvent extraction liquefaction technology/Development of brown coal solvent extraction plant (Development of 50t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (Shiryo 4). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Research is conducted for the development of a liquefaction plant (50t/d pilot plant) for Australia's Victorian brown coal. In fiscal 1981, using the process concept and design data obtained through the study of elements, a detailed design of a primary hydrogenation system is drawn, part of the equipment is procured, and on-site construction work is started. The book is a collection of materials which include instrumentation-related drawings covering an instrumentation loop sketch, instrument inspection specifications (flow meter, level gage, pressure gage, thermometer, regulation meter, analyzing meter, signal receiving meter, and instrument board), general specifications for electrical instrumentation facilities, etc. (NEDO)

  8. Quantitative relationship between SAR and temperature rise inside eyeball in a realistic human heat model for 1.5 GHz-microwave exposure; 1.5GHz maikuroha wo abita tobu real model ni okeru gankyunai no hikyushuritsu to josho ondo tono teiryo kankei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takai, K.; Fujiwara, O. [Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya (Japan)

    1997-12-20

    For investigating biological effects of a localized SAR (specific absorption rate) deposited in a human body for electromagnetic wave exposure, it is indispensable to graps a temperature-rise inside a human brain including the control center for the body temperature. This paper numerically analyzes a temperature-rise inside an eyeball of our developed realistic head model for 1.5 GHz microwave exposure, using the FD-TD (finite-difference time-domain) method. The computed results are validated in comparison with the data obtained by Taflove and his colleague. In order to examine a quantitative relationship between the localized SAR and temperature-rise, we also obtained a tissue amount over which the localized SAR should be averaged so as to well reflect the temperature-rise distribution inside the eyeball. 15 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Measuring, Reporting, Verifying. A Primer on MRV for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lütken, Søren; Aalders, Edwin; Pretlove, Bente

    This publication is intended to enable national policy makers and other stakeholders, such as the private sector and technical experts, to acquaint themselves with the concept of NAMA. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) concept...... and enhance the understanding of NAMAs by explaining the underlying decisions of the Conference of the Parties in layman’s terms. The first chapter describes how the concept of NAMA emerged in the context of the negotiations on climate change. The chapter gives an overview of how the concepts of NAMA...

  10. Understanding the Concept of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Sudhir; Desgain, Denis DR

    This publication is intended to enable national policy makers and other stakeholders, such as the private sector and technical experts, to acquaint themselves with the concept of NAMA. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) concept...... and enhance the understanding of NAMAs by explaining the underlying decisions of the Conference of the Parties in layman’s terms. The first chapter describes how the concept of NAMA emerged in the context of the negotiations on climate change. The chapter gives an overview of how the concepts of NAMA...

  11. Understanding the concept of nationally appropriate mitigation action

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, S.; Desgain, D.

    2013-05-15

    This publication is intended to enable national policy makers and other stakeholders, such as the private sector and technical experts, to acquaint themselves with the concept of NAMA. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) concept and enhance the understanding of NAMAs by explaining the underlying decisions of the Conference of the Parties in layman's terms. The first chapter describes how the concept of NAMA emerged in the context of the negotiations on climate change. The chapter gives an overview of how the concepts of NAMA and related MRV and financing issues have evolved through the different COPs. The second chapter clarifies the understanding of NAMAs in the context of the global temperature goal, and moves on to discuss the legal nature and scope of NAMAs. The chapter subsequently analyses the diversity of NAMAs submitted by developing countries to the UNFCCC, and ends by proposing a structure for formal submission of a NAMA. The third chapter specifically addresses the concept of measurement, reporting and verification (MRV), and describes the implications for countries implementing the MRV requirements. The last chapter discusses institutional arrangements, under the Convention, for providing financing to develop and implement NAMAs. The chapter also briefly discusses the different financial sources for implementing NAMAs, and concludes by explaining the concept of incremental cost in this specific context. (Author)

  12. Öznel İyi Oluşun Yapısı ve Anababa Tutumları, Özsaygı Ve Sosyal Destekle İlişkisi: Bir Model Sınaması

    OpenAIRE

    Türkmen, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    In this study, it is aimed to test the structure formed by some variables that might influence the formation of subjective well-being as a whole (or as a model). When searching answers to research questions consulted to structural equation modeling techniques. The research group is determined as 369 students training at the Faculty of Educational Sciences of Ankara University. Results of analysis of data showed that the structure which relays in the first model is supported as a whole. It is ...

  13. Sustainable Development Impacts of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: An integrated approach to assessment of co-benefits based on experience with the Clean Development Mechanism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Karen Holm

    to assess the SD impacts of NAMAs. This paper argues for a new integrated approach to asses NAMAs' SD impacts that consists of SD indicators, procedures for stakeholder involvement and safeguards against negative impacts. The argument is based on a review of experience with the CDM’s contribution to SD......, particularly how a combined process and results approach known from the CDM SD Tool can be applied to develop a strong approach for SD assessment of NAMAs based on a comparison of similarities and differences between NAMAs and CDM. Five elements of a new approach towards assessment of NAMAs SD impacts...... are suggested based on emerging approaches and methodologies for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of greenhouse gas reductions and SD impacts of NAMAs....

  14. Guidebook for the Development of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action on Efficient Lighting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conway, Kathryn M.; Lütken, Søren; Peña, Javier Otero

    . Articulating the NAMA facilitates communication with stakeholders, including citizens, the private sector, and national and international funders. Chapter 2 gives a generic background for the NAMA concept, origin and founding principles, as well as current interpretations among international stakeholders......’. Chapter 6 reviews and summarizes the information contained in this Guidebook, and offers brief advice on what steps to take in order to tap the potential of efficient lighting NAMAs....

  15. Isolation and characterization of methanogenic bacteria from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Isolation and characterization of methanogenic bacteria from brewery wastewater in Kenya. Sylvia Injete Murunga, Duncan Onyango Mbuge, Ayub Njoroge Gitau, Urbanus Ndungwa Mutwiwa, Ingrid Namae Wekesa ...

  16. Report on the achievements in research and development of a coal liquefaction technology in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981 for development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology. Development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant (Research on a primary hydrogenation technology, research on a deliming technology, research on a secondary hydrogenation technology, research on a dehydrogenation technology, and research on liquefaction from catalytic aspect); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (ichiji suiten gijutsu no kenkyu, dakkai gijutsu no kenkyu, niji suiten gijutsu no kenkyu, shokubaimen kara no ekika kenkyu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This paper describes the achievements in development of brown coal based solvent extraction in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Element researches were performed to complement and support the development of a liquefaction technology for brown coal produced in Victoria, Australia by using a 50-T/D pilot plant. For the primary hydrogenation technology, a manufacturing experiment was completed by means of nine cycles using a brown coal balancing solvent in a 0.1-t/day bench scale test. Distribution of the formed materials, the solvent properties, and the SRC properties have become nearly constant after 5 to 6 cycles. A test using a batch type device was performed to derive the relationship among dissolution parameters, SRC recovery rates, and deliming rates by using different solvents. For the secondary hydrogenation technology, SRC being the heavy fraction in a primary hydrogenation system (+420 degrees C) was hydrogenated by using an Ni{center_dot}Mo based catalyst at 360 degrees C and 250 kg/cm{sup 2}. A prospect was attained that the processing is possible by using a fixed bed reactor. A test using a small continuous dehydration testing device was carried out by using creosote oil as the solvent and by varying the evaporator operating conditions. Dehydration rate of 90 to 95% was obtained. Discussions were given on selecting catalysts for the secondary hydrogenation of the fixed bed method, and on factors of activity deterioration. A secondary hydrogenation test reactor of the suspended bed method was completed. (NEDO)

  17. Report on the achievements in the projects subsidized by the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Data 3. Development of a coal liquefaction technology - development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology - 'development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant' (Development of a 50-t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 3). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Developmental researches were carried out on a liquefaction plant for the Victoria brown coal produced in Australia (a 50-t/d pilot plant). In fiscal 1981, detailed design was performed on the primary hydrogenation system by using the process conception and the design data obtained in the element studies. Part of the devices was procured, and the site construction was begun. The present data is a collection of drawings in relation with the instrumentation design, such as the meter specifications, front view drawings for meter panels, drawings for panel arrangement in the central control room, a computer room layout drawing, control system explanation drawings, interlock diagrams, and the instrumentation power supply diagrams. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the achievements in the projects subsidized by the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Data 2. Development of a coal liquefaction technology - development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction technology - 'development of a brown coal based solvent extraction plant' (Development of a 50-t/d pilot plant); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (shiryo 2). Yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (kattankei yozai chushutsu plant no kaihatsu (50ton/nichi pilot plant no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Developmental researches were carried out on a liquefaction plant for the Victoria brown coal produced in Australia (a 50-t/d pilot plant). In fiscal 1981, detailed design was performed on the primary hydrogenation system by using the process conception and the design data obtained in the element studies. Part of the devices was procured, and the site construction was begun. The present data is a collection of drawings in relation with the machine design, such as the piping specifications, standard piping drawings, piping design procedures, piping drawings, pipe lists, and device inspection specifications. In relation with the instrumentation design, the instrumentation engineering specifications and meter lists. (NEDO)

  19. Seasonal and daily activity patterns of leopard tortoises ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Seasonal and daily activity patterns of leopard tortoises ( Stigmochelys pardalis Bell, 1828) on farmland in the Nama-Karoo, South Africa. ... that activity is also initiated by the time since sunrise. Key words: Stigmochelys pardalis, leopard tortoise, activity patterns, activity behaviour, Nama-Karoo Biome, time of day, season.

  20. Impact of Prosopis (mesquite) invasion and clearing on vegetation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We evaluated the impact of Prosopis invasion and clearing on vegetation species composition and diversity (alien and indigenous species richness and cover) in Nama-Karoo rangeland on two sheep farms in the Beaufort ... Keywords: invasive plants – exotic, Nama-Karoo, plant community ecology, rehabilitation, semi-arid ...

  1. Research cooperation promotion business for fiscal 1998. Research cooperation in the development of environmentally-friendly high-efficiency mineral resources extracting and processing technologies; 1998 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo. Kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research cooperation was conducted in the Republic of Kazakhstan for efficiently extracting and collecting valuable metals (gold, silver, copper, and rare metals) contained in volume in the slag generated by mining operation, with caution exercised not to disturb the environment. The research items taken up for development involved technologies of the leaching of the target elements using sulfuric acid, microbes, etc.; extraction using solvents; electroextraction; collection of gold and silver; and the treatment of waste water. In fiscal 1998, the wet process and the processing of gold and silver were studied, for which the specimens sampled at the research site in and after fiscal 1996 were used. As for the fabrication of pilot plant facilities, all were completed in fiscal 1998, and part of them was transported to the research site. Procurement and transportation necessary for the joint research were also carried out. Furthermore, to ensure effective execution of the project, scientists were invited from Vniitsvetmet, the Kazakhstan research institute for non-ferrous metals, for training, who included the institute director, deputy director, patent/liaison department chief, and two researchers. (NEDO)

  2. Research cooperation promoting project in fiscal 1998. Research cooperation related to developing mine resources extraction and treatment technologies of environment harmonizing and high efficiency type; 1998 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo. Kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to realize more effective utilization of non-ferrous metal resources, joint research cooperation is made with the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is intended that valuable metals (gold, silver, copper, rare metals, and others) contained at large quantity in ore scraps generated in association with mine operation be extracted and recovered efficiently paying considerations to the environment. The treatment process consists of the following conception: raw materials such as ore scraps are leached by sulfuric acid and microorganisms to separate and recover gold and silver; the leach liquor containing valuable metals is extracted by using solvent and recovered of copper and rare metals via an electrolytic process; and the waste water is treated and discharged. Fiscal 1998 has performed studies on the wet treatment system at the site and in Japan, the gold and silver treatment, and the waste water treatment by using samples collected from the site in fiscal 1996. Based on the results of these fundamental studies, a pilot plant was built, and all of the facility fabrication was completed in fiscal 1998. Part of the facilities has been transported to the site. To drive the project forward effectively, materials and items of equipment required for the joint research were procured and transported to the country, and at the same time Kazakhstanian researchers were received in Japan for training. (NEDO)

  3. FY 2000 report on the survey on the long-term energy technology strategy, etc. - Basement technology for implementation of industrial technology strategy. Survey on the extraction of preferential important technical subjects in FY 2002; 2000 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho - sangyo gijutsu senryaku sakutei kiban chosa. 2002 nendo yusenteki juyo gijutsu kadai no chushutsu ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This survey is to investigate the consciousness of researchers and engineers of enterprises, universities, etc, of the importance of about 100 important technical subjects in 'the industrial technology strategy' prepared by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. In the questionnaire survey, the following were selected: 1)systematization of policy in consideration of the social needs and R and D of the technology to realize it; 2) R and D of the technology to advance the future frontier; 3) technical subjects that the government should promptly start to tackle in each classification in arrangement of the intellectual basis. Answers to the following items were obtained: 'selection reasons' for why it was considered important in each technical subject, 'lead time' toward the time of the industrialization, 'international positioning' of Japan against Western countries, 'possibility of heightening/maintaining the international competitive force,' and 'items that the government should participate in.' In 1), the following four big targets were arranged: 'security/safety,' 'informatization,' 'environment' and 'energy'. In 2), the following technical subjects were arranged: 'biotechnology,' 'information communication technology,' 'production technology,' 'materials/process technology,' 'energy/environment' and 'new blending/traversable/integrated technology.' In the results of the survey, analyzed were big targets, and trends and characteristics at technical field levels. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the achievements in research and development of a coal liquefaction technology in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction plant (research and development of solid-liquid separation process); Sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, yozai chushutsu ekika plant no kaihatsu, koeki bunriho no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Among researches on solvent extraction and liquefaction technologies in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981, this paper describes the achievements in development of a solid-liquid separation technology. In the research of operation of a centrifugal separation device, a solid-liquid separation test was performed on slurry extracted from the Australian Wandoan coal being sub-bituminous coal. The deliming rate has reached 99% equilibrium at an addition rate of 20% by weight of anti-solvent (a kind of normal paraffin, which reduces solubility of part of coal extracts and enhances removal rates of ash and solids by utilizing coagulating action of the extracts). Asphaltene among the liquefaction formed materials may be recovered nearly completely, but the recovery rate for pre-asphaltene was lower. An operation test was also carried out by using slurry extracted in a 1 t/d experimental plant. In the study on operation of a 5-l/h continuous sedimentation and separation device, a maximum effect was derived with addition of anti-solvent at 25% by weight and at a stirring rate of 700 rpm. The solid-liquid separability changes depending on the kind of slurry. The low conversion rate slurry becomes difficult of separation because its viscosity is high and the difference in density between solids and liquid is small. Furthermore, the high conversion rate slurry has become difficult of separation due to small particle size of the solids. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on the venture business assisting type regional consortium - Minor business creation base type. Development of simplified extraction/purification method for highly purified large-size plasmids; 1999 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Kanbenka kojundo ogata plasmid chushutsu seiseiho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project aims to develop biotechnological industries in Okinawa Prefecture by embodying a method for obtaining large-size plasmids in a short time at low cost without a special apparatus, for which efforts were made to develop and commercialize a kit comprising an eluate from plasmid cells and a set of columns and eluate for purification. Under this project, University of the Ryukyus well experienced in the handling of plasmid DNAs and Advanced Medical Biological Science Institute jointly developed a 'simplified extraction/purification method for highly purified large-size plasmids.' The developed techniques or methods are described below. A concentration method was developed not using centrifugal operation for escherichia coli cultured in a closed mass culture device. A buffer exchange method in a closed system was developed, continuous from escherichia coli concentration to elution. A column assisted DNA purification method consuming but a short time was established. With these combined, the development is now complete of the technology and device for plasmid DNA elution from escherichia coli by an uninterrupted operation in a completely closed system. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement report for fiscal 1982 on Sunshine Program. Research and development of coal liquefaction technology (Conceptual designs for coal liquefaction pilot plants - Solvent extraction liquefaction process); 1982 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika pilot plant no gainen sekkei (yozai chushutsu ekikaho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    This research aims to prepare conceptual designs for a 250t/d-class and 500t/d-class coal liquefaction pilot plants based on the achievement of research on solvent extraction liquefaction of coal. It also aims to define the solvent extraction process and provide decision-making material relative to the development and promotion of coal liquefaction technologies in the future. Development started in 1978 of the technology of solvent extraction liquefaction of coal, and a 1t/d PDU (process development unit) was completed in 1981. Studies through its operation have continued for more than 3000 hours already, and technical data are being accumulated steadily. Techniques acquired through operating the 1t/d PDU have been put together, and rough process conditions are established. A rough process result is achieved of the same conditions. In these two respects, the newly developed process is equal to other processes. The phenomena in this process are roughly grasped. It is deemed that, with the existing technique combined with the technique acquired here, a technological level has been reached where conceptual designs of large pilot plants may be worked out for solvent extraction liquefaction of coal. Under the circumstances, with a view to developing a commercial plant whose main products will be fuel oils, conceptual designs are prepared for large pilot plants, and are compiled into this report. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1981 Report on the results of Sunshine Project. Research and development of techniques for liquefaction of coal (Development of extraction type liquefaction plant using brown coal-based solvent and researches on milling at high temperature in oil); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, kattankei yozai chushutsu ekika plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Koon yuchu funsai no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This program is aimed at establishment of the techniques for milling of brown coal treated by primary dehydration and slurry adjustment, and secondary hydration plant, as part of the project for developing the techniques for liquefaction of brown coal. Brown coal (Australian Yallourn coal) treated by primary dehydration, solvents (creosote and decrystallized anthracene), and catalysts are used as the stock samples, to investigate the coal characteristics with respect to milling crushability, dehydration and liquefaction reactivity, and the slurries are prepared by changing coal charge rate, solvent and preparation temperature, to collect the data regarding, e.g., coal concentration, coal particle size, moisture level and liquefaction reactivity. It is found that milling crushability tends to decrease as coal charge rate or solvent/coal ratio increases whether creosote or decrystallized anthracene is used as the solvent. Milling crushability is unaffected by slurry preparation temperature. Content of residual moisture in the slurry decreases to 1% or less, when slurry preparation temperature is increased to 100 degrees C or higher. Liquefaction reactivity of the slurry shows slight dependence on slurry preparation temperature, when it is increased to 180 degrees C. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1996 report on the cooperative research on the development of environmentally friendly high efficiency mineral resource extraction/treatment technology. Basic design of pilot plant and a part of the detailed design; 1996 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku. Pilot plant no kihon sekkei oyobi ichibu shosai sekkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This project is a cooperative research on the development of environmental harmony type high efficiency mineral resource extraction/treatment technology. It aims to study/develop a system to recover valuable metals from unused resources in the Republic of Kazakhstan using the environmental harmony type technology which is easy to operate/maintain and is environmentally friendly with no mine pollution caused. In the project, which started in FY 1994, a pilot plant is finally constructed in Kazakhstan, a recovery system to be applied is demonstrated, and the comprehensive assessment of the system is made. Concretely, the recovery of Cu, Au, Ag, etc. is tried from the Nikolayevska low grade ore and Zhezkent tailings. This is a system into which the following techniques are integrated: treatment before dressing such as flotation, leaching of Cu, etc. by acid including bacteria, solvent leaching, electrowinning, cyanogen leaching activated carbon treatment and wastewater treatment of Au and Ag. As to the design/fabrication of pilot plant, conducted was the conceptual design in FY 1995, and the basic design, a part of the detailed design (crushing/grinding/leaching/dewatering facilities of the process of the acid (bacteria) leaching of Cu, etc.), and the fabrication in FY 1996. (NEDO).

  9. Report on the achievements in research and development of a coal liquefaction technology in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981. Development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction plant (research and development of secondary hydrogenation); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu, yozai chushutsu ekika plant no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Niji suiten no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Among the items of the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1981 for development of a solvent extraction and liquefaction plant, this paper describes the achievements in developing secondary hydrogenation. A small continuous hydrogenation device equipped with three reaction columns that can be filled with catalyst of 50 cc, and a dedicated testing room were designed, and orders were placed with manufacturers. The fabrication, assembly, delivery, installation, piping and wiring were all completed. The device passed a completion inspection based on the high-pressure gas safety assurance law in December 1981. After leakage due to gas and material oil was checked, a trial operation was performed, and verified of normal operation. A screening test was carried out on three kinds of commercially available and prototype catalysts before testing the SRC containing material for studying the secondary hydrogenation. The circulating solvent having a boiling point from 180 to 430 degree C (F56-01) was used as the test sample. In order to investigate the relationship between the kinds of solvent used for the SRC fraction and the secondary hydrogenation capability, solvents were made by treating the spent solvent F56-01. Trial manufacture was begun on the alumina based catalyst as a deliming catalyst, and on the red mud, bauxite and alumina based catalysts as hydrogenation and decomposition catalysts. (NEDO)

  10. Research cooperation project in fiscal 2000. Research cooperation on developing high-efficiency mineral resource extracting and processing technology of environment harmonizing type; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsushigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A joint research has been carried out in the Republic of Kazakhstan on a technology to extract and recover efficiently the valuable metals (copper, gold, silver and others) contained in ore wastes in large quantity, with considerations given to the environment. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000 being the last fiscal year. This joint research has performed researches on the processing technology and processes, and on the operation research by using a pilot plant, using low-grade ores in the Nikolayevska Mine and ore wastes from the Zhezkent Mineral Dressing Mill as the objects. As a result of the researches, the following matters were discovered: if the ore wastes are used as the starting materials in the copper recovering process using the chemical leaching process, the copper price of $1,800 per ton is the breakeven point; economic effect is enhanced by grinding the starting materials into finer particles, adding a zinc recovery process, and recovering gold by using cyanogens; and this pilot plant is pollution free, and easy in maintenance and control. These processes were concluded effective in reducing the efficient waste ore processing and environmental cost being the environmental problem in Kazakhstan. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1999 research cooperation project. Research cooperation in development of technology to extract/treat mineral resources in environmental harmony and high-efficiently; 1999 nendo kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsu shigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This project is aimed at effectively using non-ferrous metal resource in Kazakhstan Republic and at conducting a joint development of the environment-friendly and efficient technology to extract/collect valuable metals (copper, gold, silver, rare metal, etc.) including in quantity in the slag generated with the mine operation in Kazakhstan. For the purpose of collecting valuable metals from slag, etc., the project is to develop the technology to collect valuable metals in saving energy and in low environmental loads by adopting the wet treatment process and to carry out the field survey on the existence of slag, etc. and the research on minerals. As the field research/domestic research, various element technologies are also to be carried out such as leaching, solvent extraction, electrolyte sampling, and waste water treatment. Based on the R and D of the element technology, a pilot plant is designed/fabricated and installed at the site in Kazakhstan. Then, the operation is studied and analyzed to make a technically/economically comprehensive evaluation. In this fiscal year, the field survey, research on the wet treatment, and test on the waste water treatment are conducted. Facilities of a pilot plant were transported to the site. (NEDO)

  12. Report on 1980 result of R and D under Sunshine Project. Development of solvent extraction liquefaction technology and demonstrative investigation on development of brown coal liquefaction technology (studies on high-temperature in-oil pulverization); 1980 nendo yozai chushutsu ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu / kattan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu jissho chosa seika hokokusho. Koon'yuchu funsai no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This paper explains the results of development of coal liquefaction technology under the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1980. As a part of the development of brown coal liquefaction technology, pulverization of the first-dehydration brown coal was technologically established, as were adjustment of slurry and equipment for the second-dehydration process. A 20kg/h high temperature in-oil pulverizer was designed, constructed and made ready for the studies. A high temperature mill was a wet type ball mill, 500mm{phi}(diameter) x 1,500 mm length and 2.2kw. Coal was fully pulverized even in a solvent such as creosote oil and anthracene oil freed from crystal, and was adjustable to a prescribed particle size distribution. The wet type slurry adjustment method offered prospects that solvent/coal slurry moisture could be controlled to a prescribed value. An analysis was made on the mill outlet gas and drain collection liquid at the time of high temperature in-oil pulverization, which provided knowledge of securing safety. An analysis was also made on the influence of the heating temperature rise of the mill on the strength, which provided basic data for examining the strength of the mill. Using brown coal as the raw material, slurry was prepared, which confirmed that the device had functions as planned. (NEDO)

  13. Summarized report on research cooperation promotion project in fiscal 2000. Research cooperation on developing high-efficiency mineral resource extracting and processing technology of environment harmonizing type; 2000 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo sokatsu hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata kokoritsu kobutsushigen chushutsu shori gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A joint research with the Republic of Kazakhstan has been carried out on developing a technology to extract and recover efficiently the valuable metals (copper, gold, silver and others) contained in ore wastes in large quantity produced in association with mine operation, with considerations given to the environment. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. The joint research has performed site survey for existence of ore wastes in the Republic of Kazakhstan, domestic research for discussing the disposal systems, design, fabrication, installation, adjustment and operation of a pilot plant. Process researches included ore flotation test, leaching test on Zhezkent ore wastes in chemical leaching and low-grade Nikolayevska ores, Cu leaching acceleration effect in bacteria leaching, utilization of activated carbon, fundamental test on solvent extraction, reverse extraction test, test using iron oxidizing bacteria in waste water treatment, Fe{sup 2}+ oxidation in waste water due to waste water bacteria concentrated by diatomaceous earth, Au and Ag leaching test, and column leaching test. This paper summarizes the results thereof. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on the venture business assisting type regional consortium - Minor business creation base type. Development of simplified extraction/purification method for highly purified large-size plasmids; 1999 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Kanbenka kojundo ogata plasmid chushutsu seiseiho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project aims to develop biotechnological industries in Okinawa Prefecture by embodying a method for obtaining large-size plasmids in a short time at low cost without a special apparatus, for which efforts were made to develop and commercialize a kit comprising an eluate from plasmid cells and a set of columns and eluate for purification. Under this project, University of the Ryukyus well experienced in the handling of plasmid DNAs and Advanced Medical Biological Science Institute jointly developed a 'simplified extraction/purification method for highly purified large-size plasmids.' The developed techniques or methods are described below. A concentration method was developed not using centrifugal operation for escherichia coli cultured in a closed mass culture device. A buffer exchange method in a closed system was developed, continuous from escherichia coli concentration to elution. A column assisted DNA purification method consuming but a short time was established. With these combined, the development is now complete of the technology and device for plasmid DNA elution from escherichia coli by an uninterrupted operation in a completely closed system. (NEDO)

  15. Measuring, Reporting and Verifying Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions. Reflecting experiences under the Mitigation Momentum Project. Discussion paper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Vit, C.; Roeser, F.; Fekete, H.; Hoehne, N.; Wartmann, S.; Van Tilburg, X.; Larkin, J.; Escalante, D.; Haensel, G.; Veum, K.; Cameron, L.; Halcomb, J.

    2013-06-15

    The Mitigation Momentum project aims to support the development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). It contributes to the concrete design of NAMA proposals in five countries (Peru, Chile, Indonesia, Tunisia and Kenya). A further aim is to foster cooperation and knowledge exchange within the NAMA community while advancing the international climate policy debate on mitigation and related issues, including approaches for the Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of NAMAs. MRV enables the assessment of the effectiveness of both internationally supported NAMAs (supported NAMAs) and domestically supported NAMAs (unilateral NAMAs) by tracking NAMA impacts including greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and non-GHG related impacts such as sustainable development benefits. MRV also supports improved policy design and decision making through systematic progress reporting and is a key tool to ensure accountability of NAMA stakeholders. Both host countries and funders share the common interest of having strong, implementable MRV systems in place. From both perspectives, this raises a number of questions, as well as potential challenges, on how to adapt the MRV approach to the specific circumstances of each NAMA. The objective of this paper is to identify open issues for the MRV of impacts of NAMAs, understood here as implementable actions, i.e. a project, a policy, a programme or a strategy. It pays particular attention to NAMAs with a supported component and reflects relevant initial experiences with developing NAMA proposals in the five Mitigation Momentum countries (i.e. using country examples where appropriate). As MRV systems for these NAMAs are still under development or at their preliminary stage, we hope to share further lessons learned in a subsequent discussion paper. Key challenges analysed in this paper include: How to design a MRV system that satisfies both the host country's and funder's expectations while complying with

  16. KLASIFIKASI KOSAKATA PERMAINAN RAKYAT MELAYU SAMBAS: PENDEKATAN ETNOLINGUISTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabhan Rasyid

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini memfokuskan pengamatan pada objek kebudayaan, yaitu permainan rakyat. Permainan rakyat yang dimaksud adalah permainan yang dimainkan oleh masyarakat yang sifatnya masih tradisional. Kegiatan pengambilan data dilakukan di 19 kecamatan yang ada di Kabupaten Sambas Kalimantan Barat. Peneliti menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif, yaitu dengan menerjemahkan data kosakata permainan rakyat Melayu Kabupaten Sambas. Penelitian ini juga menggunakan pendekatan etnolinguistik yang memandang hubungan bahasa dengan unsur budaya di dalam masyarakat Melayu Sambas. Analisis yang dilakukan peneliti terhadap data yang dikumpulkan adalah analisis jenis makna berdasarkan klasifikasi alat, teknik, nama pemain, dan nama permainan rakyat. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan, peneliti berhasil menghimpun 173 kata sebagai data penelitian. Keseluruhan data tersebut didapatkan dari proses wawancara dan perekaman yang dilakukan peneliti selama meneliti di Kabupaten Sambas. Keseluruhan data tersebut terdiri atas 30 jenis permainan rakyat dengan klasifikasi, yaitu 51 kata berupa klasifikasi alat, 44 klasifikasi teknik, 4 klasifikasi nama pemain, dan 30 klasifikasi nama permainan.

  17. Will a decreasing winter rainfall cause a shift in Succulent Karoo boundaries? Evidence from competition and vegetation-change analyses.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Shiponeni, NN

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The ecotone between the Namaqualand shrublands (Succulent Karoo biome) and Bushmanland Arid Grassland (Nama-Karoo biome) is characterised by transitional (ecotonal) physiognomy (grassland-shrubland mosaic, and grass and shrubs intermingling in arid...

  18. The implications of how climate funds conceptualize transformational change in developing countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boodoo, Zyaad; Mersmann, Florian; Olsen, Karen Holm

    2018-01-01

    Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) is emerging as a crucial feature to attain this goal. Against this background, two of the major NAMA funding agencies have embraced ‘transformational change (TC)’ and ‘paradigm shifts’ as policy concepts. Yet, their operationalization within aid management approaches has not been...... fully justified. Concurrently, academic interest in theories of sustainability transitions has been growing, out of which the Transition Management (TM) approach provides the theoretical inspiration to study, and eventually promote, systemic TCs. However, there is still limited knowledge with which...... to contextualize the steering of such transitions to different settings. This article engages in these debates by reviewing the theoretical grounding behind the Green Climate Fund and the NAMA Facility’s conceptualizations of TC through NAMA interventions against the corresponding theoretical assumptions of TM...

  19. The changing relationship between the December North Atlantic Oscillation and the following February East Asian trough before and after the late 1980s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Guolin; Zou, Meng; Qiao, Shaobo; Zhi, Rong; Gong, Zhiqiang

    2018-03-01

    This study investigates the changing relationship between the December North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the following February East Asian trough (EAT) throughout the past 60 years. We found that the relationship between the December NAO and the following February EAT is significantly enhanced after the late 1980s compared with the period before the late 1980s. The changing relationship mainly results from the enhanced relationship between the December NAO and the following February North Atlantic mid-latitudes' sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies (NAMA) during the same period. During the period after the late 1980s, the persistent positive (negative) NAO pattern from December to the following January contributes to a positive (negative) NAMA, which reaches its maximum magnitude in the following February and excites an anomalous wave train along the North Atlantic and northern Eurasia, and significantly impacts the EAT. During the period before the late 1980s, the positive (negative) NAO pattern during December cannot persist into the following January, and the related positive (negative) NAMA is insignificant during the following February, causing the response of the simultaneous EAT to be insignificant as well. Moreover, there exists a significant impact of the December NAO on the December-January NAMA after the late 1980s, while the December-January NAMA is relatively less affected by the December NAO before the late 1980s. As a result, the simultaneous response of the atmospheric circulation anomalies to the December-January NAMA are evident before the late 1980s, and the positive (negative) NAMA can excite an anomalous wave train along the North Atlantic and northern Eurasia and significantly deepen (shallow) the downstream EAT. By contrast, after involving a feature of atmosphere forcing of SST, the simultaneous feedback of the December-January NAMA on EAT is significantly decreased after the 1980s.

  20. Guidebook for the Development of a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action for Solar Water Heaters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haselip, James Arthur; Lütken, Søren E.; Sharma, Sudhir

    This guidebook provides an introduction to designing government-led interventions to scale up investment in solar water heater (SWH) markets, showing how these interventions can be packaged as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAS). Reflecting the changing balance in global greenhouse...... gas emissions, NAMAs embody the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. In addition to developed countries’ commitments to make quantitative reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, developing countries are invited to contribute with voluntary actions that are ‘nationally appropriate...

  1. Non-agricultural Market Access: A South Asian Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    A. R. Kemal; Musleh-ud Din; Ejaz Ghani

    2005-01-01

    A key element of the Doha Round of trade negotiations is liberalisation of trade in industrial products, commonly known as non-agricultural market access (NAMA). These negotiations are important for developing countries as these will determine the market access opportunities through which they can improve their growth prospects. This paper examines the key issues of NAMA from the South Asian perspective, outlines a negotiating strategy for increased market access, and spells out some policy i...

  2. Doha Round Impacts on India: A Study in a Sequential Dynamic CGE Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Raihan, Selim; Khondker, Bazlul Haque

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this research has been to examine the impact of Doha round negotiations on the economy of India. This research looked into the impact of agricultural trade liberalisation and the impact of NAMA negations under the Doha negotiations, the combined effects of agricultural and NAMA negotiations, and the impact of liberalisation of the domestic services sectors. With a view to addressing these important issues, this study has examined the effects of the Doha agreement for India in...

  3. Formulas for Industrial Tariff Reduction and Policy Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Moonsung Kang

    2005-01-01

    A key element of the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) negotiations under the WTO is the liberalization of trade in industrial products, so-called non-agricultural market access (NAMA). The mandate on the NAMA negotiations is contained in Paragraph 16 of the Doha Ministerial Declaration which aim(s), by modalities to be agreed, to reduce or as appropriate eliminate tariffs, including the reduction or elimination of tariff peaks, high tariffs, and tariff escalation, as well as non-tariff barriers,...

  4. Interpretasi Khalayak dalam Rubrik Goresan Hati pada Majalah Sekar

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyu Pertiwi, Astuti Dwi; Nugroho, AdI; Lukmantoro, Triyono

    2013-01-01

    Nama : Astuti Dwi Wahyu PertiwiNIM : D2C009126Judul : Interpretasi Khalayak dalam Rubrik Goresan Hati padaMajalah SekarABSTRAKPerempuan senantiasa dijadikan objek yang tepat dalam setiap bidikan panahmedia massa, khususnya di Indonesia. Berbagai masalah pribadi perempuan yangterungkap di media massa menjadikan posisi perempuan semakin termarjinalkan.Salah satu media massa yang melanggengkan praktik publikasi masalah pribadiyang dilakukan para perempuan adalah Majalah Sekar dengan nama rubrikn...

  5. National and Regional Impacts of Increasing Non-Agricultural Market Access by Developing Countries – the Case of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Butt, Muhammad Shoaib; Bandara, Jayatilleke S.

    2008-01-01

    The US, the EU, Brazil and India met in Germany in June 2007 with a view to bridging differences between developed and developing countries on the Doha Round of trade negotiations. However, the talks broke down because of disagreement on the intertwined issues of agricultural protection and Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA). This study uses the first regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of Pakistan to evaluate the national and regional impacts of increasing NAMA as per two ...

  6. Measuring reporting verifying. A primer on MRV for nationally appropriate mitigation actions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hinostroza, M. (ed.); Luetken, S.; Holm Olsen, K. (Technical Univ. of Denmark. UNEP Risoe Centre, Roskilde (Denmark)); Aalders, E.; Pretlove, B.; Peters, N. (Det Norske Veritas, Hellerup (Denmark))

    2012-03-15

    The requirements for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are one of the crucial topics on the agenda of international negotiations to address climate change mitigation. According to agreements so far, the general guidelines for domestic MRV are to be developed by Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)1. Further, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) will be conducting international consultations and analysis (ICA) of biennial update reports (BUR) to improve transparency of mitigation actions, which should be measured, reported and verified. 2. What is clear from undergoing discussions both at SBSTA and at SBI is that MRV for NAMAs should not be a burden for controlling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions connected to economic activities. Instead, the MRV process should facilitate mitigation actions; encourage the redirection of investments and address concerns regarding carbon content of emission intensive operations of private and public companies and enterprises worldwide. While MRV requirements are being shaped within the Convention, there are a number of initiatives supporting developing countries moving forward with NAMA development and demonstration activities. How these actions shall be measured, reported and verified, however, remain unanswered. MRV is not new. It is present in most existing policies and frameworks related to climate change mitigation. With an aim to contribute to international debate and capacity building on this crucial issue, the UNEP Risoe Centre in cooperation with UNDP, are pleased to present this publication that through the direct collaboration with Det Norske Veritas (DNV) builds on existing MRV practices in current carbon markets; provides insights on how MRV for NAMAs can be performed and identifies elements and drivers to be considered when designing adequate MRV systems for NAMAs in developing countries. This primer is the second

  7. ANALISIS KONTRASTIF PENULISAN ARAB MELAYU RIAU DAN PENULISAN BAHASA ARAB SERTA IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PENGAJARAN BAHASA ARAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprijon Efendi, Alwizar

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada kaedah penulisan Arab Melayu klasik, semua kosa-kata yang berasal dari bahasa Arab mesti ditulis sesuai dengan tulisan bahasa asalnya yaitu bahasa Arab itu sendiri. Namun, pada kaedah penulisan Arab Melayu Riau saat ini, semua kosa-kata ditulis sesuai dengan konsonannya tanpa membedakan antara kosa-kata yang berasal dari bahasa Arab atau bukan bahasa Arab. Implikasi dari pergeseran kaedah penulisan ini, banyak kosa kata yang diadobsi dari bahasa Arab berbeda penulisannya dari bentuk asalnya. Perbedaan penulisan yang kontras ini menyebabkan banyak peserta didik, baik di tingkat sekolah menengah maupun perguruan tinggi salah dalam menulis nama sendiri, nama pahlawan, nama jalan, nama instansi, yayasan, dan kosa kata lainnya yang berasal dari bahasa Arab. Akibat dari kesalahan tersebut tidak hanya sekedar salah dilihat dari segi kaedah, bahkan juga dapat merubah makna kata dari makna asalnya dalam bahasa Arab. Jika hal ini tidak dikaji ulang, maka misi penulisan Arab Melayu tidak lagi untuk mendekatkan penggunanya agar mudah mempelajari bahasa Arab, akan tetapi keberadaannya akan mengganggu kesuksesan pengajaran bahasa Arab di bumi Lancang Kuning

  8. Predation on the tent tortoise Psammobates tentorius : a whodunit ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The collection of 63 shells of the tent tortoise Psammobates tentorius in the Bushmanland Nama Karoo revealed that 49% of them had been cleanly broken open and the body of the tortoise removed. The line of the single break of the plastron approximated the humeral-pectoral joint of the overlying shields. The lack of tooth ...

  9. Dhenggung Asmarandana dan Dhegung Banten: Sebuah Komparasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh -

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Comparation of Dhenggung Asmarandana and Dhegung Banten. Penelitian ini membahas perbandinganantara gending Dhenggung Asmaradana gaya Surakarta dengan gending Dhegung Banten gaya Yogyakarta.Berdasarkan penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kedua gending memiliki persamaan dan perbedaan. Persamaankeduanya terletak pada laras, pathet, bentuk gendhing, struktur gendhing, serta balungan gending. Sedangkanperbedaannya hanya pada nama dan garap tabuhan bonang.

  10. Patterns of distribution and protection status of the endemic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The majority of these endemics are small mammals and many are listed in the Red Data Book, especially those restricted to the Nama-and Succulent Karoo. This is of concern, as both areas are inadequately protected by the existing protected areas. The coastal forests also contain many Red Data Book species, particularly ...

  11. Selective Memory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bomholt Nielsen, Mads

    2017-01-01

    This article examines British officials’ perceptions of, and degree of involvement in, the Herero–Nama war and subsequent genocide in German South-West Africa in 1904–1908. By examining contemporary British correspondence on this event and comparing it to the British ‘Blue Book’ of 1918, the arti...

  12. East African Medical Journal - Vol 83, No 9 (2006)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An overview of health financing patterns and the way forward in the who african region · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JM Kirigia, A Preker, G Carrin, C Mwikisa, AJ Diarra-Nama, S1-S28. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/eamj.v83i9.9492 ...

  13. Book Review: Membongkar Logika Penafsir Agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Muslih

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Judul : Speaking in God’s Name: Islamic law,Authority and WomenPenulis : Khaled Abou el-FadlPenerbit : Oneworld Press, Oxford, 2001Tebal : 361 hlm.Edisi terj. : Atas Nama Tuhan, dari Fikih Otoriter keFikih OtoritatifPenerjemah : R. Cecep Lukman YasinPenerbit : Serambi, Jakarta 2004

  14. Building Harmony and Peace through Religious Education SOCIAL PREJUDICE AND REBELIANCE BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS IN MODERN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL GONTOR DARUSSALAM, EAST JAVA

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Fahmi Haji Abdurrachim

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini berangkat dari fakta bahwa, pondok pesantren selalunya dikaitkan dan bahkan diidentikan dengan berbagai bentuk pemikiran ekstrim dan tindakan radikal atas nama agama. Sehingga banyak kalangan ditengah-tengah masyarakat yang memiliki prasangka sosial terhadap keberadaan pondok pesantren. Sungguhpun demikian penelitian ini bertuujuan melihat hubungan antara prasangka sosial dan prilaku memberontak dikalangan santri Pondok Pesantren Modern Gontor Darussalam (PMDG) di Jawa Timur. T...

  15. Hubungan antara Terpaan Tweet Iklan pada Akun Twitter @Infotembalang dan Brand Awareness @CalzoneUp dengan Minat Beli Masyarakat

    OpenAIRE

    Fatma, Sofi Kumala; Pradekso, Tandiyo; Setiabudi, Djoko

    2014-01-01

    NAMA : SOFI KUMALA FATMANIM : D2C009113JUDUL : HUBUNGAN ANTARA TERPAAN TWEET IKLAN PADAAKUN TWITTER @INFOTEMBALANG DAN BRANDAWARENESS @CALZONEUP DENGAN MINAT BELIMASYARAKATABSTRAKPemanfaatan media sosial khususnya Twitter saat ini bukan hanya sebagai saranaberkomunikasi, melainkan juga sebagai media untuk keperluan pemasaran.@infotembalang di sini merupakan salah satu dari sekian banyak akun Twitteryang banyak dilirik brand lokal, yang digunakan untuk menawarkan produkmereka. Salah satu brand...

  16. Perancangan Corporate Identity Ekspedisi Sinar Cendana Abdiputra Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Wibisono, Yonathan Ardi

    2013-01-01

    Tugas akhir ini berisi perancangan corporate identity yang belum dimiliki oleh Ekspedisi SCA- panggilan akrabekspedisi ini. Corporate identity yang dimaksud adalah perancangan logo Perusahaan beserta seluruhaplikasinya seperti pada stationery, merchandise, seragam, kendaraan / unit, website, papan nama, elemeneksterior, Graphic Standard Manual, dan Company Profile. Pada perancangan ini, seluruh elemen - elemenvisual, seperti warna, tipogarafi, bentuk, ...

  17. Patterns of distribution and current protection status of the Carnivora ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Endemism in Chiroptera is low, however, with only two endemic species in the fynbos and Karoo biomes. The Carnivora display less biome specificity and endemism than the Chiroptera. Whereas the north-eastern savannas have the highest species richness, the transition between the Nama-Karoo and grassland biomes ...

  18. African Zoology - Vol 48, No 1 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Residency and small-scale movement behaviour of three endemic sparid fishes in their shallow rocky subtidal nursery habitat, South Africa · EMAIL FULL TEXT ... Seasonal and daily activity patterns of leopard tortoises (Stigmochelys pardalis Bell, 1828) on farmland in the Nama-Karoo, South Africa · EMAIL FULL TEXT ...

  19. Page 1 Joornaalii Seeraa Oromiyaa [liil.6, Lakk.1] Oromia Law ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    uun daldala seeraa alaa rakkoolee akka manca' iinsi in daldalaa maal akka ta'e hin ibsu. (nama hojii daldalaa hojjetu) irratti xiyyeeffata. Bu'uura Seera Daldalaa daldala seeraa alaa to'achu akka ulaagaa tokkootti kaa'anii turan Bu'uura yaad.

  20. Wilfrid HG Haacke and Eliphas Eiseb. Khoekhoegowab-English / Eng

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wörterbuch (Eberfeld, 1888), J.G. Krönlein's Wortschatz der Khoi-khoin (Berlin,. 1889) and F. Rust's Deutsch-Nama Wörterbuch (Windhoek, 1960). Although the glossary is not solely intended for educational purposes, it is bound to have a significant impact on the teaching and development of Khoekhoegowab in. Namibia.

  1. Yersinia enterocolitica in the Western Cape | Finlayson | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yersinia enterocolitica, serotype 3, phage type 9a, has been isolated for the first time in the Western Cape. Sera from 59 abattoir workers were investigated for the presence of 0 and H agglutinins. These were present in one sample, suggesting a past infection. Sera from 115 Nama-speaking adults of the Kuboes area ...

  2. TAENIA SAGINATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Setiyani

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Cacing pita ini adalah parasit dalam usus halusmanusia, dan sebagai inang antaranya adalah sapi.Penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh cacing pitaTaenia saginata dikenal dengan nama Taeniasis. Infeksiterutama terjadi di Afrika, Timur Tengah, Eropa Barat,Meksiko, dan Amerika Selatan.

  3. Quantifying emission reduction contributions by emerging economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moltmann, Sara; Hagemann, Markus; Eisbrenner, Katja; Hoehne, Niklas [Ecofys GmbH, Koeln (Germany); Sterk, Wolfgang; Mersmann, Florian; Ott, Hermann E.; Watanabe, Rie [Wuppertal Institut (Germany)

    2011-04-15

    Further action is needed that goes far beyond what has been agreed so far under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol to 'prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system', the ultimate objective of the UNFCCC. It is out of question that developed countries (Annex I countries) will have to take a leading role. They will have to commit to substantial emission reductions and financing commitments due to their historical responsibility and their financial capability. However, the stabilisation of the climate system will require global emissions to peak within the next decade and decline well below half of current levels by the middle of the century. It is hence a global issue and, thus, depends on the participation of as many countries as possible. This report provides a comparative analysis of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including their national climate plans, of the major emitting developing countries Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea. It includes an overview of emissions and economic development, existing national climate change strategies, uses a consistent methodology for estimating emission reduction potential, costs of mitigation options, provides an estimate of the reductions to be achieved through the national climate plans and finally provides a comparison of the results to the allocation of emission rights according to different global effort-sharing approaches. In addition, the report discusses possible nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) the six countries could take based on the analysis of mitigation options. This report is an output of the project 'Proposals for quantifying emission reduction contributions by emerging economies' by Ecofys and the Wuppertal Institute for the Federal Environment Agency in Dessau. It builds upon earlier joint work ''Proposals for contributions of emerging economies to the climate

  4. Women Speak: A Writing-Subject's Perspective on Toeti Hera Ty's Calon Arang and Cok Sawitrl's Janda dari Jirah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiola D Kurnia

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini mengkaji tcntang perspektif subjek kepenulisan dari dua penulis perempuan: Turi Heraty dan Cok Sawitri tentang bagaimana posisi subjek yang berkuasa memberdayakan dirinya sendiri dari konstruksi subordinat, 'the other' (liyan pada kasus pembelaan diri seorang pcrempuan pendeta. yang dikenal sebagai Calon Arang atau janda dari Jirah, untuk mcnciptakan kebudayaaan. Heraty berbicara atas nama seorang janda tua Jirah, Calon Arang, sebagai perempuan korban masyarakat patriarkal. Sebagai korban, janda tua ini diperkenalkan sebagai simbol kejahatan dalam dikotomi kejahatan dan kebaikan. Akan tetapi, Herati memanfaatkan malapetaka dan target dari kejahatan Calon Arang untuk menghadirkan perspektif subjek kepenulisannya: kemarahan perempuan. Heraty, juga dalam kemarahannya. bcrbicara atas nama perempuan yang menjadi objek yang tcrsubjektifikasi, sebagai subordinasi kekuasaaan laki. Sawitri berbicara atas nama janda yang perkasa. janda dari Jirah. sebagai perempuan pendeta yang tak tertandingi otoritas kekuasaan laki-laki. Sebagai pendeta, janda terscbut diperkenalkan sebagai simbol lbu yang Agung. ternpat bcrlindung dan bernaung. Disini, Sawitri memanfaatkan ajaran-ajaran dari kredo si Janda untuk menunjukkan pcrspektif subjck kcpcnulisannya: superioritas pcrcmpuan. Sawitri, dalam kckagumannya, berbicara atas nama pcrcrnpuan yang menjadi subjek yang terobjektifikasi, sebagai 'the other'- sebagaimana juga laki-laki, untuk menciptakan harmoni. Baik Heraty maupun Sawitri berbicara atas nama pembungkaman Calon Arang dan Janda dari Jirah, Heraty dengan cara membebaskan pcrempuan dari esensi biologis dan mengasihani diri mereka sendiri, sedangkan Sawitri dari kemungkinan-kemungkinan filosofis dan keyakinan keagamaan mereka. Dua penulis perempuan ini telah menciptakan usaha yang luar biasa untuk berbicara dengan menggunakan perspektif-perspektif mereka terhadap pembungkaman Calon Arang dan Janda dari Jirah dalam posisi objek yang "tersubjcktifikasi

  5. On the development of Urak Lawoi’ Malay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hein Steinhauer

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Urak Lawoi’ yang berarti ‘orang laut’ adalah nama suku nelayan pengembaralaut yang tersebar di Pulau Phuket (Thailand dan Kepulauan Adang disebelah selatannya. Bahasa mereka yang juga dikenal dengan nama UrakLawoi’ merupakan sebuah varietas Melayu yang khas. Dari pemeriannyayang ada tampaklah bahwa bahasa itu menyimpang dari varietas Melayudi daratan Thailand Selatan dan di semenanjung Malaysia. Dalam artikel inidirekonstruksikan perubahan bunyi dalam urutannya yang diakronis, yangtelah memberikan wujud khas pada kata-kata leksikal Urak Lawoi’ itu. Yangmenonjol dalam hal itu adalah dua perubahan bunyi yang mengingatkan bahasabahasadi Kalimantan Barat dan Serawak, yaitu hilangnya letupan bersuarasetelah konsonan nasal di dalam morfem (*-mb- > -m-, dan seterusnya, danpenggantian nasal pada akhir kata oleh konsonan tak bersuara yang homorgan(*-m > -p, dan seterusnya.

  6. STATUS HUKUM PERALIHAN HAK ATAS TANAH YANG DIPEROLEH DARI LELANG BERDASARKAN HAK MENDAHULU NEGARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurnia Martini Dwi Putri A.T.

    2017-04-01

    Abstrak Pajak merupakan salah satu pendukung sumber dana terbesar dalam kegiatan pembangunan Indonesia. Pembayaran pajak merupakan kewajiban bagi setiap Subyek Pajak. Mereka akan dikenal memiliki utang kepada Negara setelah mereka tidak membayar pajak. Kewajiban pajak adalah utang yang sangat timbul karena hukum, sehingga memiliki karakteristik didahulukan dari hutang lainnya. Apabila Wajib Pajak tidak membayar pajak mereka, Pemerintah dapat menjual hasil aset yang bernilai tinggi oleh yang berdasarkan Hak Mendahulu Negara. Di Kota Bandar Lampung, pendaftaran tanah judul transfer yang diperoleh dengan lelang berdasarkan Hak Mendahulu Negara terjadi tanah kepemilikan properti pribadi atas nama pribadi milik, yang menjadi pembayaran kewajiban pajak perusahaan, dan juga obyek sengketa warisan. Judul tanah validitas pendaftaran pengalihan kemudian menjadi hukum dipertanyakan, karena objek lelang dicatat atas nama kepemilikan individu, bukan perusahaan. Selain itu, di bawah sengketa warisan dan telah diblokade di Kantor Pertanahan Bandar Lampung.   Kata Kunci: Hak Mendahulu Negara, Lelang, Pemblokiran Sertifikat Tanah

  7. MENENTANG SEKULARISME: Upaya Membentuk Kesalehan Subjek Muslim di Banten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Hudaeri

    2016-12-01

    Gerakan Islam kontemporer banyak mengalami perubahan visi dan orientasi sosial dan politik. Gerakan tersebut bukan diarahkan untuk mendirikan negara Islam atau mendukung penggunaan militer dan kekerasan untuk me­wujudkan program menciptakan individu dan masyarakat “Muslim yang baik”. Tetapi proyek tersebut diarahkan untuk transformasi-diri melalui penanaman moral dan etika sebagai landasan untuk bisa tampil di ruang publik. Gerakan tersebut lebih diarahkan kepada proses re-Islamisasi yang berkaitan dengan praktek sosial dan praktek disiplin untuk membentuk subjek Muslim yang baik. Tulisan ini mengeksplorasi tentang Islamisasi ruang publik yang ada di Provinsi Banten. Yakni terkait dengan konstruksi identitas Keislaman terhadap tubuh dan tempat publik. Konstruksi identitas Islam terhadap tubuh ditekankan melalui keharusan untuk berjilbab bagi wanita Muslimah. Sedangkan Islamisasi tempat publik adalah pemasangan nama-nama Allah (Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā dan pesan-pesan Islam lainnya di beberapa jalan raya utama.

  8. Angiostrongylus cantonensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Widiastuti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Bagi Anda yang termasuk pelahap sayuran mentah (lalapan, harus cukup berhati-hati dengan agen penyakit berikut ini. Nama latinnya adalah Angiostrongylus cantonensis, salah satu jenis cacing Nematoda yang juga sering dikenal dengan nama rat lungworm, penyebab utama dari penyakit eosinophilic meningitis. Sebagaimana Nematoda lainnya, cacing ini juga memiliki bentuk filiform (seperti benang. Cacing jantanya berukuran ±7,7 mm dengan diameter 0,30 mm, sedangkan cacing betina ± 12,8 mm dan diameter 0,36 mm. Organ genitalia pada cacing  jantan berupa bursa kopularis sedangkan cacing betina berupa vulva yang terletak di ujung posterior. Pada bagian kepala terdapat 3 buah labia, 2 diantaranya terletak di bagian dorsal, sedang yang 1 buah terletak di bagian lateraf.

  9. Attar of Nishapur’s Seven Valleys and the Stages of Human Cravings from a Psychological Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayfer Summermatter

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the search for Truth and the journey of existence as explained metaphorically in the works of Farid ud-Din Attar by blending Sufi understanding and a contemporary psychological perspective. It attempts to associate and review people’s characteristics, life styles, cognitive structures, existential journeys, and processes of self-realization through the Sufi views in Attar’s stories. The Valleys of Quest, Love, Understanding, Independence and Detachment, Unity, Astonishment and Bewilderment, and Deprivation and Death that occur in Mantiq al-Tayr (The Conference of the Birds are basically accepted through interpretation as the stages of human desires along with the characteristics that are required to transition from these valleys. This research also benefitted by interpreting other works by Attar, the Ilahi- Nama (Book of God and Asrar-Nama (Book of Mysteries.

  10. Miesto plėtros įtaka pasyvaus namo energijos vartojimui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgars Suvorovs

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje nagrinėjama viena iš energiją tausojančių pastatų formų – pasyvus namas. Atliekant konstrukcijų ir erdvinio planavimo parametrų tyrimus, buvo imituojamas daugiabutis gyvenamasis namas, turėjęs užtikrinti pasyvaus namo energijos taupymą ir atitikti visus standartus. Imitaciniam modeliui buvo pasirinkti Rygos miesto klimatiniai duomenys. Rezultatų išvados byloja, kad langų padėtis ir aplinkinių namų šešėliavimas daro esminę įtaką energiniam namo efektyvumui, bet, nepaisant to, įmanoma atitikti pasyvaus namo standartus.Straipsnis anglų kalba

  11. Representasi Persahabatan dalam Film 5 Cm

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, Intan Murni; Lukmantoro, Triyono; Naryoso, Agus

    2013-01-01

    Representasi Persahabatan dalam Film 5 cmSkripsiDisusun untuk memenuhi persyaratan menyelesaikanPendidikan Strata-1Jurusan IlmumKomunikasi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu PolitikUniversitas DiponegoroPenyusunNama: Intan Murni HandayaniNIM: D2C 009 034JURUSAN ILMU KOMUNIKASIFAKULTAS ILMU SOSIAL DAN ILMU POLITIKUNIVERSITAS DIPONEGOROSEMARANG2013ABSTRAKSIFilm merupakan salah satu media massa yang menjadi wadah bagi parapembuat film untuk menyampaikan pesan serta nilai-nilai yang dimiliki olehpara ...

  12. Pengaruh Terpaan Komunikasi Pemasaran Menu Breakfast Mcdonald"s Keputusan Pembelian

    OpenAIRE

    Tasuki, Martia Mutiara; Pradekso, Tandiyo; Ulfa, Nurist Surayya

    2013-01-01

    PENGARUH TERPAAN KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN MENU BREAKFAST MCDONALD'S DAN CITRA PRODUK TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIANSkripsiDisusun untuk memenuhi persyaratan menyelesaikanPendidikan Strata IJurusan Ilmu Komunikasi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu PolitikUniversitas DiponegoroPenyusunNama : Martia Mutiara TasukiNIM : D2C 005 183JURUSAN ILMU KOMUNIKASIFAKULTAS ILMU SOSIAL DAN ILMU POLITIKUNIVERSITAS DIPONEGOROSEMARANG2013PENGARUH TERPAAN KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN MENU BREAKFAST MCDONALD'S DAN CITRA PRODUK TER...

  13. Hubungan Antara Intensitas Menonton Program Memasak Di Televisi Dan Kompetensi Chef Presenter Dalam Program Memasak Terhadap Minat Penonton Untuk Memasak

    OpenAIRE

    UTAMI, DITA PURMIA; Suprihatini, Taufik; Herieningsih, Sri Widowati

    2013-01-01

    Hubungan Intensitas Menonton Program Memasak di Televisi dan Kompetensi ChefPresenter dalam Program Memasak terhadap Minat Penonton untuk MemasakSkripsiDisusun untuk memenuhi persyaratan menyelesaikanPendidikan Strata 1Jurusan Ilmu Komunikasi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu PolitikUniversitas DiponegoroPenyusunNama : DITA PURMIA UTAMINIM : D2C008083JURUSAN ILMU KOMUNIKASIFAKULTAS ILMU SOSIAL DAN ILMU POLITIKUNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO2013ABSTRAKSIJUDUL : HUBUNGAN ANTARA INTENSITAS MENONTON PROGRAMME...

  14. Penerapan Standarisasi Penjualan Tiket International Pada PT. Indonesia Airasia Bandara Polonia Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Yunita Emilia

    2009-01-01

    Angkutan udara merupakan salah satu faktor yang mendorong berkembangnya sarana transportasi di indonesia. PT.INDONESIA AIRASIA yang dulunya dikenal sebagai perusahaan penerbangan AWAIR dengan penataan penuh dengan beragam kelas dan pelayanan cabin yang lengkap. Pada tangggal 1 Desember 2005, PT.AWAIR INTERNASIONAL mengganti nama perusahaan menjadi PT.INDONESIA AIRASIA, dengan konsep Low Cost Carrier yaitu berbiaya rendah. Indonesia AirAsia adalah sebuah perusahaan penerbangan Swasta berupa...

  15. Evaluation of surface contamination based on certifiably traceable, internationally accreditable measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whitlock, G.D.

    1992-01-01

    National Accreditation and Measurement Service (NAMAS) adopted by the EUROMET agreement requires that the calibration of monitoring instruments be traceable internationally with the objective that radiation hazard assessment be improved. This objective is achieved for Tritium surface contamination by employing calibration sources and evaluation methods which comply with ISO standards including the measurement of activity removable by Volatilization as well as dust. Consideration should be given to organic binding of tritium in the skin with its implications in the event of litigation. (author)

  16. Pengaruh Intensitas Mengakses Twitter Duta Im3 terhadap Kepuasan Pengalaman Adopsi dan Kepuasan Pengalaman Adopsi terhadap Keputusan Penggunaan Program Im3

    OpenAIRE

    Ayu Kinasih, Diyan Hafdinovianti; Pradekso, Tandiyo; Setiabudi, Djoko

    2014-01-01

    Nama : Diyan H Ayu KinasihNIM : D2C009029Judul : Pengaruh Intensitas Mengakses Twitter Duta IM3 terhadapKepuasan Pengalaman Adopsi dan Kepuasan PengalamanAdopsi terhadap Keputusan Penggunaan Program IM3ABSTRAKTwitter sebagai salah satu promotion tools yang digunakan oleh PTIndosat Tbk, diharapkan dapat memperkenalkan program-program serta eventyang dilakukan oleh Indosat. Melalui duta IM3 sebagai brand ambassador, Indosatmencoba meraih pasar anak muda dengan melakukan kegiatan promosi.Tipe pe...

  17. Walking a Tightrope: World Trade in Manufacturing and the Benefits of Binding

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick Messerlin

    2008-01-01

    Negotiators in Geneva are still struggling to conclude the Doha Round of multilateral trade talks at the World Trade Organization (WTO). However, after seven years of negotiations, many people - and especially many industrialists in Europe and the United States - are not convinced that the negotiations are worth the efforts being put into them. These doubts have been fueled by the modesty of recent estimates of the gains on the table in the negotiations on Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA...

  18. Why Might the Doha Round Fail?

    OpenAIRE

    Gifford, Michael N.; McCalla, Alex F.

    2008-01-01

    There are a number of factors working against a successful Doha Round conclusion. Several of these affect the linkages and trade-offs between the main elements of the Doha Round negotiating agenda, particularly agriculture, non-agricultural market access (NAMA), services, and rules. For most of the past six years, the negotiating difficulties in agriculture were regarded as the main constraint to concluding the Doha Round. However, in recent months, as the shape of the agricultural package be...

  19. The Doha Negotiations on Trade in Goods: An European Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Messerlin , Patrick

    2006-01-01

    The note reviews the basic market access issues in the Doha negotiations on trade in goods from an European perspective. First, it shows that some European negotiators are demanding more concessions in manufacturing (NAMA) that the European business community is asking for - adding strong tensions in a context already marked by severe problems in farm talks. Second, the note reveals the European interests really at stake in the agricultural negotiations, before addressing the negotiating issu...

  20. Penyusunan Dan Penyelenggaran A La Carte Menu Pada Hotel Sinabung Dan Resort

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Rahmawaty

    2011-01-01

    Dalam operasional hotel, hotel memiliki beberapa departemen yang mempunyai peranan yang sangat penting dalam penjualan jasa dan pelayanan, dan salah satunya adalah departemen Food & Beverage. Food & Beverage mempunyai peran yang sangat besar dalam sebuah hotel, karena pendapatan sebuah hotel yang terbesar ada pada Food & Beverage terutama pada restoran. Adapun salah satu nama jenis restoran yang ada di Hotel Sinabung. Hotel Sinabung menyediakan jenis menu antara lain A La Carte Menu. M...

  1. Brand Activation Batik Semarangan melalui Event “Cah Semarang Duwe Batik”

    OpenAIRE

    Saputra, Ginanjar; Setiabudi, Djoko; Ulfa, Nurist Surayya

    2013-01-01

    Nama : Ginanjar SaputraNIM : D2C008088Judul : Brand Activation Batik Semarangan melalui Event “Cah Semarang Duwe Batik” Abstrak Koperasi Sekar Arum sebagai sebuah lembaga koperasi dibawah naungan TP – PKK Kota Semarang yang salah satunya fokus terhadap batik semarangan, tentu harus dapat melestarikan dan mengembangkan produk batik semarangan sehingga dapat menjadi produk andalan dari Kota Semarang. Akan tetapi terjadi permasalahan dimana produk batik semarangan ini belum banyak dikenal oleh w...

  2. Could baseline establishment be counterproductive for emissions reduction? Insights from Vietnam’s building sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henrysson, Maryna; Lütken, Søren; Puig, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) to illustrate institutional dynamics, nationally and transnationally, as well as to question whether demands for baseline setting achieve the ideal trade-off between actual GHG emissions reduction and institutionalized demands for accountability. The analysis reveals that......, it argues for the abolition of baselines in favour of adequate monitoring and evaluation, from the perspective that requirement for deviation from fictitious baselines is unproductive and only serves an international techno-managerial discourse....

  3. PEER REVIEW (Correlation between GATA-3, Ki67 and p53 expressions to Histopathology grading of Breast Cancer bin Makassar, Indonesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, Andi Asadul

    2016-01-01

    - PEER REVIEW Judul karya Ilmiah (artikel): Correlation between GATA-3, Ki67 and p53 expressions to Histopathology grading of Breast Cancer bin Makassar, Indonesia : 9 Orang : Penulis Ketiga : a. Nama Jurnal : Cancer Research Journal b. Nomor ISSN : 2330-8192, E: 2330-8214 c. Volume,nomor, bulan, tahun : Volume 4, No. 3 Tahun 2016 d. Penerbit : Science PG e. DOI artikel (Jika ada) : 10.11648/j.crj .20160403.11 f. Alamat web Jurnal : www.sciencepublishingg...

  4. -

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, Andi Asadul

    2016-01-01

    - PEER REVIEW Judul karya Ilmiah (artikel): Effects of combined Physiotherapy hold relax and Glucosamine to the Decrease of COMP through pain reduction, increase muscle strength and addition of Osteoarthritis of the knee joint ROM : 4 Orang : Penulis Kedua : a. Nama Jurnal : Cancer Research Journal b. Nomor ISSN : 2330-8192, E:2330-8214 c. Volume,nomor, bulan, tahun : volume 4, No.3 tahun 2016 d. Penerbit : Science PG e. DOI artikel (Jika ada) : 10.11648/j.crj....

  5. Making Grasslands Sustainable in Mongolia: Assessment of Key Elements in Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for Grassland and Livestock Management

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank (ADB)

    2014-01-01

    Climate change is a threat to Mongolia’s economic growth, sustainable development, and fragile environment. Well-designed actions to mitigate climate change can provide multiple benefits, including socioeconomic development and resilience to climate variability and change. Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) can provide a framework for the identification and implementation of mitigation actions. This publication identifies and assesses technical, institutional, and policy elemen...

  6. Optimasi Parameter K pada Algoritma K-nearest Neighbour untuk Klasifikasi Penyakit Diabetes Mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Indrayanti, Indrayanti; Sugianti, Devi; Al Karomi, Adib

    2017-01-01

    Diabetes Mellitus merupakan salah satu penyakit kronis yang mematikan. Penyakit yang juga dikenal dengan nama penyakit kencing manis ini terjadi akibat kadar glukosa di dalam darah terlalu tinggi. Diabetes Mellitus banyak diteliti di banyak negara pada saat ini karena peningkatan penderita yang banyak dan sangat mengkhawatirkan. Menurut WHO saat ini lebih dari 246 juta jiwa menderita diabetes dan diperkirakan akan meningkat menjadi 380 juta jiwa pada tahun 2025 apabila tidak dilakukan penang...

  7. Kampanye Pr Radio Ssfm “Assik Ala Ssfm”

    OpenAIRE

    Putra, Jeffry Septian; Setiabudi, Djoko; Naryoso, Agus

    2013-01-01

    JUDUL : Kampanye PR Radio SSFM “Assik Ala SSFM”NAMA : Jeffry Septian PutraNIM : D2C607024ABSTRAKSIPersaingan radio saat ini semakin ketat, industri media siaran perlu memahamidan mengenali ekspektasi atau apa yang diinginkan para pendengar. Pengelola radioperlu strategi untuk mendapatkan perhatian dari para pendengarnya terlebih dari sisipemasaran yang akan memberikan dampak bagi kelancaran merebut perhatianpendengar. Untuk menciptakan strategi yang tepat dalam membuat mengelola radioagar tet...

  8. Audit Media Relations Humas Sekretariat Daerah Provinsi Jawa Tengah untuk Peningkatan Publisitas

    OpenAIRE

    Farhatiningsih, Lizzatul; Pradekso, Tandiyo; Naryoso, Agus

    2013-01-01

    Nama : Lizzatul FarhatiningsihNIM : D2C009011Judul : Audit Media Relations Humas Sekretariat Daerah ProvinsiJawa Tengah untuk Peningkatan PublisitasABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilatarbelakangi karena kurang berperannya Biro HumasSetda Jawa Tengah dalam melakukan fungsi kehumasan terhadap PemerintahProvinsi Jawa Tengah. Humas telah melakukan banyak kegiatan namun efeknyapada pemberitaan tentang Pemerintah Provinsi yang muncul belum terasa. Namunkesesuaian melakukan banyak kegiatan tersebut belum dii...

  9. Fine-Scale Human Population Structure in Southern Africa Reflects Ecogeographic Boundaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uren, Caitlin; Kim, Minju; Martin, Alicia R; Bobo, Dean; Gignoux, Christopher R; van Helden, Paul D; Möller, Marlo; Hoal, Eileen G; Henn, Brenna M

    2016-09-01

    Recent genetic studies have established that the KhoeSan populations of southern Africa are distinct from all other African populations and have remained largely isolated during human prehistory until ∼2000 years ago. Dozens of different KhoeSan groups exist, belonging to three different language families, but very little is known about their population history. We examine new genome-wide polymorphism data and whole mitochondrial genomes for >100 South Africans from the ≠Khomani San and Nama populations of the Northern Cape, analyzed in conjunction with 19 additional southern African populations. Our analyses reveal fine-scale population structure in and around the Kalahari Desert. Surprisingly, this structure does not always correspond to linguistic or subsistence categories as previously suggested, but rather reflects the role of geographic barriers and the ecology of the greater Kalahari Basin. Regardless of subsistence strategy, the indigenous Khoe-speaking Nama pastoralists and the N|u-speaking ≠Khomani (formerly hunter-gatherers) share ancestry with other Khoe-speaking forager populations that form a rim around the Kalahari Desert. We reconstruct earlier migration patterns and estimate that the southern Kalahari populations were among the last to experience gene flow from Bantu speakers, ∼14 generations ago. We conclude that local adoption of pastoralism, at least by the Nama, appears to have been primarily a cultural process with limited genetic impact from eastern Africa. Copyright © 2016 by the Genetics Society of America.

  10. Flourensia cernua: Hexane Extracts a Very Active Mycobactericidal Fraction from an Inactive Leaf Decoction against Pansensitive and Panresistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria María Molina-Salinas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of decoction in extracting mycobactericidal compounds from Flourensia cernua (Hojasé leaves and fractionation with solvents having ascending polarity was compared with that of (i ethanol extraction by still maceration, extraction with a Soxhlet device, shake-assisted maceration, or ultrasound-assisted maceration, followed by fractionation with n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol; (ii sequential extraction with n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol, by still maceration, using a Soxhlet device, shake-assisted maceration, or ultrasound-assisted maceration. The in vitro mycobactericidal activity of each preparation was measured against drug-sensitive (SMtb and drug-resistant (RMtb Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. The results of which were expressed as absolute mycobactericidal activity (AMA. These data were normalized to the ΣAMA of the decoction fraction set. Although decoction was inactive, the anti-RMtb normalized ΣAMA (NAMA of its fractions was comparable with the anti-RMtb NAMA of the still maceration extracts and significantly higher than the anti-SMtb and anti-RMtb NAMAs of every other ethanol extract and serial extract and fraction. Hexane extracted, from decoction, material having 55.17% and 92.62% of antituberculosis activity against SMtb and RMtb, respectively. Although the mycobactericidal activity of decoction is undetectable; its efficacy in extracting F. cernua active metabolites against M. tuberculosis is substantially greater than almost all pharmacognostic methods.

  11. Measurement protocol for performance testing of the determination of tritium in water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    In the Health and Safety Executive's ''Requirements for the Approval of Dosimetry Services under the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1985'', it is stipulated that dosimetry services seeking approval must show that they have successfully completed a performance test. The services must arrange for the tests to be carried out on application and thereafter every 18 months, by a laboratory which has received accreditation from the National Measurement Accreditation Service (NAMAS) for conducting the performance tests. Accreditation by NAMAS ensures that the laboratories carrying out the performance tests are of an appropriate standard. It includes requirements for quality control and audit procedures, to authenticate traceability to national standards, and to provide a reliable record keeping system for the performance tests. A list of laboratories which are accredited by NAMAS for carrying out HSE published performance tests will be maintained by the Secretary of the Dosimetry Services Panel. The performance tests must be carried out to published protocols. The results have to be expressed in terms of bias and random error, as defined in HSE's criteria for performance tests. The purpose here is to provide a protocol for laboratories to conduct performance tests on dosimetry services performing tritium determinations in urine. The test is deliberately not exhaustive, instead it is a simple test allowing the basic performance of a service to be assessed for approval. (author)

  12. KORELASI PENGGUNAAN BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM PENAMAAN FACTORY OUTLET (FO DI BANDUNG TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gartika Rahmasari

    2016-03-01

        Abstrak - Bahasa Inggris merupakan bahasa yang memiliki prestise atau kedudukan yang tinggi, bahkan di Indonesia yang memiliki bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa nasional. Bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa internasional mendapatkan apresiasi lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan bahasa Indonesia, khususnya di bidang pariwisata. Bandung sebagai salah satu tujuan pariwisata, khususnya wisata kuliner dan tujuan belanja, tidak terkecuali mendapat pengaruh yang besar dalam hal penggunaan bahasa Inggris. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari penggunaan sejumlah nama Factory Outlet yang ada di Bandung, yang hampir sebagian besar menggunakan bahasa Ingris atau serapan bahasa Inggris sebagai “brand” atau nama yang digunakan oleh Factory Outlet yang tersebar di seluruh Bandung. Jurnal ini merupakan study literatur yang meneliti tentang hubungan penggunaan bahasa Asing dalam nama Factory Outlet  (FO terhadap keputusan pembelian. Yang menjadi responden yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa Ilmu Komunikasi, Universitas Telkom sebanyak 55 responden, dengan rentang usia 17-20 tahun. Dari hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa secara umum, penggunaan bahasa Inggris dalam penamaan Factory Outlet (FO mempengaruhi keputusan responden untuk berbelanja ke FO tersebut.   Kata Kunci: Keputusan Pembelian, Factory Outlet, FO, Bahasa Inggris.

  13. Bhayangkara (Tafsir Visual Peristiwa Sejarah Perang Bubat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochammad Sigit Ramadhan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Menelusuri lebih jauh sejarah kepolisian, nama Bhayangkara yang tersemat di korps Kepolisian Republik Indonesia berasal dari nama pasukan Bhayangkara yang merupakan pasukan khusus yang dipimpin oleh Patih bernama Gajah Mada di masa Kerajaan Majapahit. Adanya kesamaan nama Bhayangkara yang menjadi nama lain korps Polisi Republik Indonesia dengan Bhayangkara yang merupakan pasukan khusus Kerajaan Majapahit, serta adanya kesamaan unsur penyalahgunaan kekuasaan yang dilakukan oleh oknum-oknum Bhayangkara di dua masa yang berbeda tersebut mendorong penulis untuk melakukan peninjauan kembali terhadap konsep Bhayangkara dulu dan sekarang. Pada karya tugas akhir ini penulis memposisikan diri sebagai penafsir sebuah peristiwa sejarah yang dituliskan secara visual berdasarkan intensi penulis sebagai otoritas yang berkuasa atas karya yang merupakan manifestasi penafsiran peristiwa sejarah. Penulis mempertanyakan identitas dan kuasa polisi melalui sebuah penafsiran kembali peristiwa sejarah Perang Bubat yang terjadi di abad ke-14, melalui medium seni grafis cetak tinggi cukilan kayu yang dalam sejarah perkembangannya digunakan juga sebagai media propaganda untuk menyebarkan sebuah pandangan terhadap suatu wacana sosial politik dalam sistem berpikir khalayak. Karya ini diharapkan dapat menjadi bahan tinjauan kritis dan pembelajaran atas kejadian yang terjadi berabad-abad silam dalam konteks kesekarangan untuk dimaknai sebagai peristiwa sejarah yang perlu dipahami dalam menyikapi masa depan.Kata kunci: bhayangkara; penafsiran; polisi; propaganda; sejarah; seni grafis.Bhayangkara (Visual Interpretation of the Bubat War Historical EventAbstract. Exploring the history of the Indonesian Police, the name Bhayangkara as contained in the Indonesian National Police corps comes from Bhayangkara, the elite guard in the Majapahit Kingdom that was commanded by Patih Gajah Mada. The similarity of the name Bhayangkara, which is another name of the Indonesian

  14. Remotely sensed phenology for mapping biomes and vegetation functional types

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wessels, Konrad J

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available clearly captured in Fig. 3. The majority of the pixels in the Savanna have a start of growing season in late October, midposition in February and end in June (Fig. 3). In contrast, the winter rainfall Succulent Karoo have a start of growing season... initially split the biomes based on vegetation production and then by the seasonality of growth IV - 1035 (Fig. 4). The three arid biomes (Desert, Succulent and Nama Figure 3. Frequency histograms of the mean START, midposition (MID) and END date...

  15. Scaling up climate finance for sustainable infrastructure in developing cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Jun

    2010-09-15

    This article investigates the role of carbon finance and seeks to establish a policy framework that allows reorientation of upfront investment in urban infrastructure for facilitating transition towards low-carbon development trajectory in developing cities. It draws on an in-depth exploration of different climate finance mechanisms and their applicability in the context of fast urbanization. We suggest an integrated approach should be adopted to aggregate city-based multiple individual GHG mitigation projects dealing with buildings and transport efficiency. The sectoral approach and NAMAs-based financing schemes be included in post-Kyoto regime for shifting the current trajectories in fast growing developing cities.

  16. EXAMINE THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS (SES) WITH LEISURE TIME SPENDING OF GIRLS EMPHASIZING SPORTING ACTIVITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Bahyeh Zarei; Mozafar Yektayar

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this research was doing an examination about the relationship of socio-economic status (SES) with leisure time spending in the girls of Sanandaj city emphasizing sporting activities. The method of research was descriptive-correlated and has been done as field research. The population of the research consisted of all young girls of Sanandaj aged between 15-29 years old which 384 samples were selected by using multi-stage cluster sampling. The tools of research were Godrat Nama...

  17. PERSONAL BRANDING PRABOWO SUBIANTO (ANALISIS ISI KUANTITATIF PERSONAL BRANDING PRABOWO SUBIANTO DI SITUS BERITA ONLINE REPUBLIKA.CO.ID DAN TEMPO.CO.ID TANGGAL 9 JUNI - 9 JULI 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendro Agus Prakoso

    2016-09-01

    berita kedua media tersebut. Frekuensi berita berjumlah 107 di Republika.co.id dan 51 berita di Tempo.co.id Ragam berita Republika.co.id didominasi konsep Spesialisasi sebesar 22,4% dari 107 berita, sedangkan pada Tempo.co.id didominasi konsep Nama baik sebesar 23,5% dari 51 berita. Sumber berita pada Republika.co.id mayoritas berasal dari Liputan langsung sebesar 42,9% dari 107 berita sedangkan pada Tempo.co.id mayoritas berasal dari Intelektual sebesar 54,9% dari 51 berita.

  18. Medicinal plants of the Kamiesberg, Namaqualand, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nortje, J M; van Wyk, B-E

    2015-08-02

    Qualitative and quantitative data is presented that gives a new perspective on the traditional medicinal plants of the Khoisan (Khoe-San), one of the most ancient of human cultures. The data is not only of considerable historical and cultural value, but allows for fascinating comparative studies relating to new species records, novel use records and the spatial distribution of traditional plant use knowledge within the Cape Floristic Region. A detailed documentation and quantitative analysis of medicinal plants of the Kamiesberg area (an important Khoisan and Nama cultural centre) and their traditional uses, which have hitherto remained unrecorded. During four study visits to the Kamiesberg, semi-structured and structured interviews were conducted with 24 local inhabitants of the Kamiesberg, mostly of Khoisan decent. In addition to standard methodology, a newly developed Matrix Method was used to quantity medicinal plant knowledge. The Kamiesberg is an important center of extant Nama ethnomedicinal information but the knowledge is rapidly disappearing. Of a total of 101 medicinal plants and 1375 anecdotes, 21 species were recorded for the first time as having traditional medicinal uses and at least 284 medicinal use records were new. The relative importance, popularity and uses of the plants were quantified. The 97 newly documented vernacular names include 23 Nama (Khoekhoegowab) names and an additional 55 new variations of known names. The calculated Ethnobotanical Knowledge Index (EKI) and other indices accurately quantified the level of knowledge and will allow for future local, regional and even global comparisons. The results showed that the Kamiesberg is an important focal point of Khoisan (Nama) traditional knowledge but that the medicinal plants have not yet been systematically recorded in the scientific literature. There are numerous new use records and new species records that are in need of scientific study. Comparative data is now available for broader

  19. إبن الفارض شاعر الغزل فى الحب الإلهي

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ilham Shaleh

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Umar Ibnu Farid (w. 632 H. dikenal dengan nama Ibnu Farid bukan hanya dikenal sebagai seorang sufi besar tetapi ia dikenal juga sebagai seorang penyair, khususnya syair-syair yang berisikan  cinta kepada Allah, karya syair-syairnya banyak disyarah (dikomentari ulama-ulama sesudahnya seperti syekh Abdul Gani al-Nablus, syekh Yusuf al-Nabhan dan sebagainya. Ibnu Khalkan mengatakan : karya syair Ibnu Farid teristimewa karena keindahan bahasa dan susunannya, khususnya dalam mengungkapkan kedekatan  seorang hamba dengan Tuhan-Nya. Karya syairnya dikumpulkan oleh para muridnya dalam bentuk diwan Ibnu Farid yaitu berupa kumpulan karya syair Ibnu Farid.

  20. Current WTO Negotiations under Doha Round: Insights from CPD's Geneva Tracking Mission

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafizur Rahman; Uttam Kumar Deb; Fahmida Khatun; Khondaker Golam Moazzem

    2008-01-01

    The paper is the output of a Tracking Mission to Geneva by the senior CPD researchers. The paper makes an analysis of the state of play of negotiations at the WTO under the Doha Round as of March 2008. It takes stock of the emerging trends of negotiations in various areas, such as agriculture, NAMA, General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), aid for trade, Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), etc., and seeks to project the possible outcomes. An attempt is also ma...

  1. Incidencia de la estrategia colombiana de desarrollo bajo en carbono en el mercado de bonos de carbono en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Castellanos Garcia, Camilo Andres

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo principal determinar el papel de la estrategia colombiana de desarrollo bajo en carbono en el mercado de bonos de carbono en Colombia. Esto con el fin de demostrar que las acciones nacionalmente apropiadas de mitigación NAMAS son un mecanismo de mitigación y puede no tener una incidencia en la oferta ni tampoco en la demanda del mercado de bonos de carbono en Colombia. Esta investigación se llevará a cabo por medio de un estudio de caso con un enf...

  2. Measurement protocols for performance testing of dosimetry services for external radiations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    In the Health and Safety Executive's ''Requirements for the Approval of Dosimetry Services under the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1985'', it is stipulated that dosimetry services seeking approval must show that they have successfully completed a performance test. The services must arrange for the tests to be carried out on application and thereafter every 18 months, by a laboratory which has received accreditation from the National Measurement Accreditation Service (NAMAS) for the whole performance testing activity. The performance tests must be carried out to published protocols and the purpose here is to provide protocols for external, whole body film and TLD dosimetry services, and for skin and extremity dosimetry services. (Author)

  3. Drinking water quality concerns and water vending machines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McSwane, D.Z.; Oleckno, W.A.; Eils, L.M.

    1994-01-01

    Drinking water quality is a vital public health concern to consumers and regulators alike. This article describes some of the current microbiological, chemical, and radiological concerns about drinking water and the evolution of water vending machines. Also addressed are the typical treatment processes used in water vending machines and their effectiveness, as well as a brief examination of a certification program sponsored by the National Automatic Merchandising Association (NAMA), which provides a uniform standard for the design and construction of food and beverage vending machines. For some consumers, the water dispensed from vending machines is an attractive alternative to residential tap water which may be objectionable for aesthetic or other reasons

  4. Kolam Bening Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Sebab Akibat Benda Terapung Dan Tenggelam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neni Setiawati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Kolam Bening merupakan media pembelajaran yang dipergunakan untuk membantu anak usia dini memahami sebab-sebab benda tenggelam dan terapung di air. Benda tenggelam dan terapung merupakan kejadian yang bisa dijumpai dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Tidak semua benda dapat tenggelam, dan tidak semua benda dapat terapung. Benda dalam keadaan bagaimana dikatakan tenggelam dan benda dalam keadaan bagaimana yang disebut terapung. Meskipun itu merupakan kejadian biasa, tetapi anak usia dini perlu memahami penyebab dari kejadian ini. Untuk itu, penulis memaparkan media pembelajaran yang diberi nama Kolam Bening. Kata kunci: kolam bening, terapung, tenggelam.

  5. -

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, Andi Asadul

    2016-01-01

    - PEER REVIEW Correlation between GATA-3, Ki67 and Ki67 and p53 expressions to Histopathology grading of Breast Cancer bin Makassar, Indonesia. a. Nama Jurnal : Cancer Research Journal b. Nomor ISSN : P:2330-8192, E: 2330-8214 c. Volume,nomor, bulan, tahun : Volume 4, No.3 Tahun 2016 d. Penerbit : Science PG e. DOI artikel (Jika ada) : 10.11648/j.crj.20160403.11 f. Alamat web Jurnal : www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/crj g. Terindeks di Scimagojr/ ...

  6. The effectiveness of computerized cognitive training on the working memory performance of children with dyslexia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Shokoohi-Yekta

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Auditory and visual processing along with phonological and visual spatial working memory are the problems that patients with dyslexia struggle with. So, the aim of this project was to investigate the effectiveness of computerized cognitive training on the working memory performance of children with dyslexia.Methods: The study conducted under the quasi-experimental method with pre- and post-test along with the control group. 25 children with dyslexia aged 7 to 12 years in grades 1-5 assigned to the experimental (15 and control (10 groups; the experimental group received 30 sessions of the Brain Ware Safari intervention program. NAMA scale and Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTB-C were conducted to assess reading and working memory performance of the subjects. MANCOVA, ANCOVA and effect sizes were utilized to analyze the data.Results: There were significant differences between pre- and post-tests of the experimental and control groups on the forward and backward block recall subtests of WMTB-C and not the mazes memory. Regarding the subscales of NAMA scale, we found no significant differences in the reading performance; but analysis of effect sizes showed positive effects at least on the 6 subscales.Conclusion: The Brain Ware Safari computerized cognitive training can improve visual spatial working memory of children with dyslexia and probably may affect the reading performance.

  7. Basic Static Code Analysis Untuk Mendeteksi Backdoor Shell Pada Web Server

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelly Indriani Widiastuti

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Mengakses  sistem komputer tanpa ijin merupakan kejahatan yang dilakukan dengan memasuki atau menyusup kedalam suatu sistem jaringan komputer tanpa sepengetahuan dari pemilik sistem tersebut. Kejahatan  tersebut bertujuan untuk mengintai atau mencuri informasi penting dan rahasia. Dalam praktiknya peretas menyisipkan berkas backdoor shell pada lokasi yang sulit ditemukan oleh pemilik sistem. Beberapa perangkat yang sudah ada masih dalam bentuk terminal. Perangkat tersebut melakukan pencarian berkas berdasarkan nama-nama yang telah terdaftar sebelumnya. Akibatnya, pada saat berkas backdoor shell  jenis baru menginfeksi, tools tersebut tidak dapat mendeteksi keberadaannya. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, maka dalam penelitian ini pencarian backdoor shell pada web server menggunakan metode basic static code analysis. File sistem diproses melalui dua tahap utama yaitu string matching dan taint analysis. Dalam proses taint analysis, sistem menghitung peluang kemungkinan setiap signature sebagai backdoor untuk mengatasi kamus backdoor yang tidak lengkap. Berdasarkan  hasil yang didapat dari pengujian yang dilakukan terhadap 3964 berkas diperoleh tingkat akurasi  yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan aplikasi php shell detector sebesar 75%.

  8. An Animal-Centered Perspective on Colonial Oppression: Animal Representations and the Narrating Ox in Uwe Timm’s ‘‘Morenga’’ (1978

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steffen Röhrs

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available As a result of its topic and its narrative style, Uwe Timm’s novel ‘Morenga’ (1978 marks an important step in the development of postcolonial German literature. The main theme of the book is the bloody suppression of the Herero and the Nama uprisings through the German army in South-West Africa at the beginning of the 20th century. With recourse to historical and fictional documents and by using different narrative perspectives, the text achieves a plurality of voices and thereby destabilizes a one-dimensional view on colonialism. The present article discusses the functions of the nonhuman animals appearing in ‘Morenga’. It is assumed that the animal representations are an essential part of the plot and underscore the criticism of colonial rule in a narrative manner too. The novel contains several descriptions of suffering animals and links them to the harm of the Herero and the Nama in order to point out the ruthlessness of the colonists. Moreover, the book features a story-telling ox, which initiates a reflection process about possible ways of narrating colonial history. The talking ox adds a specific animal-centered perspective on colonial oppression and raises questions about emancipation, self-determination, and the agency of the nonhuman ‘other’

  9. Topeng Etnik Nusantara Dalam Perkembanagan Budaya Global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Martono

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini dikembangkan dari judul penelitian Pengembangan Modul Topeng Etnik Nusantara Sebagai Suplemen Pembelajaran Seni Budaya dan Prakarya Kurikulum 2013, dengan tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan jenis, nama, dan karakter topeng etnik nusantara. Pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dengan metode wawancara, observasi, dokumentasi dan mendeskripsikan topeng etnik nusantara koleksi museum, koleksi perajin, dan sumber pustaka. Analisis data deskriptif dengan pengumpulan data, penyajian data, reduksi data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Pengembangan modul menggunakan metode studi pendahuluan, pengembangan, dan pengujian. Hasil penelitian dan pembaasan menunjukan bahwa topeng etnik nusantara dideskripsikan berdasarkan  jenis, nama, karakter topeng, dan asal daerahnya. Fungsi topeng sebagai pemujaan, perlambangan, pelengkap upacara, pelengkap busana tari, souvenir, dan berkembang sebagai elemen dekorasi. Dulu topeng memiliki peran penting dalam kebudayaan masyarakat sebagai benda sakral dan religius. Pada era modernisasi peran topeng bergeser menjadi karya seni profan yang memiliki nilai estetik untuk kebutuhan praktis dan ekonomis. Berbagai jenis topeng etnik nusantara seperti Topeng Plok, Topeng Jawa, Topeng Dayak, Topeng Papua, Topeng Madura, Topeng Cirebon, dan topeng Sumatera mengalamai perkembangan bentuk dan fungsinya.

  10. Point Climat no. 33 'International Climate Negotiations - COP 19: do not underestimate the MRV breakthrough'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dupont, Marion; Morel, Romain; Bellassen, Valentin; Deheza, Mariana

    2013-01-01

    Among the publications of CDC Climat Research, 'Climate Briefs' presents, in a few pages, hot topics in climate change policy. This issue addresses the following points: For those who expect 'binding' emission reductions targets in the future international climate agreement to be signed in Paris in 2015, the Warsaw Conference (November 11 to 23, 2013) yielded as much progress as it could. That means little beyond a timetable. However, for those who consider the UNFCCC as the depository of common tools on the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of emissions, actions and financing, Warsaw represents a major breakthrough. For the first time, developing countries - at least those wishing to access climate finance for forests - will abide by MRV procedures similar to those governing the greenhouse gas inventories of industrialized countries. Forestry may be seen as a first sectoral NAMA, and it would be difficult to ignore the Warsaw decisions for the future definition of MRV procedures of NAMAs. In spite of the establishment of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage, low outputs on other issues show that achieving an agreement at COP 21 will require significant political progress during the next 15 months

  11. Energy contribution to Latin American INDCs: Analyzing sub-regional trends with a TIMES model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Postic, Sebastien; Selosse, Sandrine; Maïzi, Nadia

    2017-01-01

    Central and South America and the Caribbean countries share energy and climate features that are quite different from the rest of the world, including a highly renewable energy mix and very high renewable energy potentials, along with high deforestation and degradation rates which call for regional answers to regional issues. This paper assesses the impact of national contributions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change using an energy prospective model from the MarkAl/TIMES family. This approach enables a bottom-up comparison between past pledges (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) and the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) agreed on at COP21. Long-term economic optimization leads to decarbonizing the power sector even in the absence of climate constraints. Stringent climate policies as modeled here achieve emission reductions of 40% below the current baseline by 2050. NDCs produce stronger emission reductions than NAMAs at regional scale; however, the first contributor to emission reductions in absolute terms in Latin America is the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land-Use (AFOLU) sector, not energy. - Highlights: • We analyze energy-bound climate mitigation in Latin America with a bottom-up model. • We derive five policy scenarios based on past and current pledges to the UNFCCC. • Despite a clean BAU power mix, the region can cut emissions by up to 40% by 2050. • INDCs lead to stronger emission reductions than former NAMAs. • Energy-only measures would overlook significant abatement potential in AFOLU.

  12. KEMAJEMUKAN AGAMA MENURUT IBN AL-‘ARABI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahrul Adam

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Ibn al-'Arabi> considers that religious pluralism is inevitable necessities. His opinion is actually rooted in his main Sufi he achieved wah}dat al-wuju>d. With such diversity, it is not necessary to the claims of truth (truth claim on a particular religion. All religions should live together in harmony for the worship of the same God, who is called by different names attributed to differences in the perception of God as well as differences in appearance (tajalli of God. The understanding of causality religious diversity will make believers can appreciate the existence differences. Ibn al-‘Arabī  menganggap bahwa keberagaman agama merupakan suatu keniscayaan yang tak terelakkan. Pendapatnya tersebut sebenarnya berakar dari konsep utama pemikiran sufistik yang dicapainya yakni wah}dat al-wuju>d. Dengan keragaman tersebut, maka tidak diperlukan adanya klaim-klaim kebenaran (truth claim pada agama tertentu. Semua agama yang ada harus hidup harmonis sebab sama-sama melakukan penyembahan kepada Tuhan yang sama, yang disebut dengan nama-nama berbeda disebabkan adanya perbedaan persepsi terhadap Tuhan dan juga perbedaan penampakan (tajalli> Tuhan. Pemahaman terhadap kausalitas keberagaman agama akan membuat penganut agama dapat menghargai perbedaan yang ada.

  13. Technology priorities for transport in Asia: assessment of economy-wide CO2 emissions reduction for Lebanon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhar, Subash; Marpaung, Charles O. P.

    2015-01-01

    mitigations actions (NAMA) given their strong contribution for development and therefore a methodology based on in-put out-put decomposition analysis is proposed for analysing economy wide CO2 emissions reductions. The methodology has been applied for the transport sector of Lebanon where alternative fuels...... of technologies and availability of technology characteristics. Non-motorized transport, mass transit and technologies that improve vehicle energy efficiency emerged as the three most preferred technology choices for the countries. These technology choices can be appropriate candidates for nationally appropriate......,improvement to cars (private and taxis) and buses for public transport were prioritized by stakeholders. The economy-wide CO2 emission reduce by 2,269 thousand tons by 2020 if the prioritized technologies are implemented in Lebanon. Fuel mix effect and structural effect would reduce CO2 emission by 2,611 thousand...

  14. Pengembangan Model Manajemen ICT Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakkun Elmunsyah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pengembangan Model Manajemen ICT Center. Kemendiknas telah melakukan investasi  cukup besar berupa pembangunan Jejaring komputer pendidikan nasional yang disebut Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional (Jardiknas, pada sekolah menengah kejuruan (SMK di seluruh Indonesia yang dikenal dengan nama ICT center. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan model manajemen ICT center sesuai karakteristik SMK sehingga dapat memberikan kontribusi mutu pada SMK tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan atau Research and Development yang dikembangkan oleh Borg and Gall. Hasil secara keseluruhan penelitian menunjukkan berdasarkan uji coba keefektivan kinerja manajemen pada skala terbatas dan lebih luas menunjukkan bahwa model manajemen ICT center memenuhi kriteria sangat efektif. Kata-kata kunci: Jardiknas, SMK, model manajemen ICT center, kontribusi mutu

  15. Nekaj manj znanih strani iz zgodovine klasičnega seminarja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kajetan Gantar

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Dragi in spoštovani kolegici dr. Eriki Mihevc-Gabrovec ob visokem življenjskem jubileju   V tem zapisu bi rad zabeležil nekaj spominov na svoja srečanja z jubilantko, še posebej na četrt stoletja, ki sem ga preživel kot njen najožji sodelavec. Z veseljem se spominjam časov, ko sva prevzela predstojništvo klasičnega seminarja (oziroma Oddelka za klasično filologijo, kot se uradno imenuje in ga nato dve desetletji složno krmarila med čermi in ujmami, ki so se večkrat zgrinjale nadenj, pri čemer se nama je pozneje kot tretji kolega pridružil še Primož Simoniti.

  16. Implementasi Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Aktivitas, Green Supply Chain Management (Gscm (Studi Kasus: Kud “Dau”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Wafdah Lazuardian

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available KUD "DAU" merupakan salah satu sektor industri yang memiliki aktivitas supply chain dalam memproduksi susu pasteurisasi yang diberi nama Dau Fresh Milk. Selama ini, KUD "DAU" belum pernah membuat pengukuran kinerja manajemen rantai pasokan yang ramah lingkungan. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan suatu metode yang diterapkan dalam mengukur kinerja SCM yang ramah lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat pencapaian kinerja manajemen rantai pasokan KUD "DAU" yang ramah lingkungan. Metode yang digunakan untuk mengukur kinerja SCM adalah metode pendekatan hijau ramah lingkungan untuk manajemen rantai pasokan (GSCM. Model pengukuran kinerja GSCM terdiri dari kegiatan pengadaan hijau, green manufacturing, green distribution logistics. Pengamatan diperoleh dari sejumlah 44 indikator yang mengukur indikator kinerja utama yang valid. Dari pengukuran tersebut dapat diberikan rekomendasi perbaikan indikator kinerja yang memiliki kategori merah traffic light system.

  17. Elements of a new climate agreement by 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holm Olsen, K.; Fenhann, J.; Luetken, S.

    2013-06-15

    This year's Perspectives from UNEP and UNEP Risoe Centre in collaboration with the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) focuses on the elements of a new climate agreement by 2015 that will contribute to achieve the 2 deg. C limit for global warming. The first paper in this publication frames the global mitigation challenge based on the UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2012. The five other articles address key elements of a new climate agreement; emissions from international aviation, a vision for carbon markets up to 2020 and beyond, how green growth strategies can address the emissions gap, redesign of a REDD+ mechanism in response to the crisis of global deforestation and how NAMAs in Southern Africa can reconcile the gap between local and global objectives for development and climate change mitigation. The Perspectives series seeks to inspire policy- and decision makers by communicating the diverse insights and visions of leading actors in the arena of low carbon development in developing countries. (Author)

  18. Symposium on Biosensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-01

    RIPORT NUMBER(S) ARO 26789.1-CH-CF Is. NAmE op PRotvowaG OGMZAT*N w owa OFISYMboL. 7s. NAMa OF MONIomwN ORGAtaZATION American Chemical Society U. S. Army...SECURITY I~ OUPcACLS0110"uiJOMrr 0 C5AINASN" WY 3 M j~fp Unclassified ý ~~~~~I Meie a o FWR M0 =;4 &T.H0 n Offla SYMBOL . 00 OWM 1473 44a 43 APQ WINe...york represents one of the first applicati6ns of T11 fluorescence microscopy to specific ligand-receptor Interactione and demonstrates a relatively

  19. Arroyo del Soldado group: paleontology, dating and Vendian to Lower Cambrian, Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaucher, C.; Sprechmann, P.

    1998-01-01

    The fossil content of the Vendian to Lower Cambrian Arroyo del Soldado Group of the Nico Perez Terrane of Uruguay is analysed.Organic walled microfossils represented by acritarchs, eukariotic algae (sensu lato) and iron bacteria are recognized. An updated list of these microfossils is presented, which were are now reported in the Yerbal and Barriga Negra formations.Events of weutrphic conditions were reconstructed. The occurrence of Cloudina riemkeae, the earliest known metazoanwith a mineralized skeleton is communicated for the first time in Uruguay. The organic walled microfossils as well as Cloudina riemkeae are indicative of a Vendian age, whereas the trace fossils of the uppermost unit(Cerro Victoria) suggest the Early Cambrian. This would imply that the Group contains the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. The Arroyo del Soldado Group is correlated with the Jacadiga and Corunba Groups (Brasil) and the Nama Group (Namibia). (author)

  20. THE POSITION OF ISLAM NUSANTARA IN GEOPOLITICAL DINAMYCS OF ISLAMIC WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Chalik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Peranan Islam Nusantara dalam Dinamika Geopolitik Dunia Islam. Tulisan ini berangkat dari kegelisahan terhadap lahirnya ISIS, sebuah gerakan sosial politik yang lebih ekstrim dibandingkan dengan pendahulunya, al-Qaeda. Satu sisi, organisasi ini tidak saja membuat Barat ketakutan atas segala sepak terjangnya, terutama pasca teror Paris di pertengahan Nopember 2015, pada sisi yang lain juga menciderai perasaan umat Islam karena dianggap mendompleng atas nama agama (Islam—sementara perilakunya berlawanan dengan ajaran Islam. Secara geopolitik posisi dunia Islam mengalami dilema; satu sisi harus berhadapan dengan Muslim sendiri sementara pada sisi yang lain harus bersinergi dengan kekuatan asing untuk melawan bangsa atau saudara sendiri. Berbeda dengan Islam ala ISIS atau al-Qaeda yang bercorak ekstrim dan eksklusif, Islam Nusantara berpandangan sebaliknya. Artikel ini ditulis dengan metode ekploratif deskriptif—dengan menyajikan persoalan dunia Islam saat ini dan hubungannya dengan ideologi Islam Nusantara yang sedang dibangun.

  1. Budaya Islam dalam Adat Perkawinan Minangkabau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    syamsul arifin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Minangkabau Minangkabau or Minang is commonly abbreviated archipelago ethnic groups who speak and uphold traditional Minangkabau. The area includes adherents of the culture of West Sumatra, Riau mainland half, the northern part of Bengkulu, Jambi the west, the west coast of North Sumatra, southwest of Aceh, and also Negeri Sembilan in Malaysia. In layman conversation, Minang people are often confused as the Padang, referring to the name of the capital of West Sumatra province is Padang. However, these people will usually refer to the group as urang crew, which is intended to equal the Minang people themselves. Origins of "Minangkabau" Minangkabau name comes from two words, minang and Kabau. The name was associated with a typical Minang known legend in the legend. Of the legend, it is said at one time there was a foreign kingdom (commonly interpreted as Majapahit that come from the sea will do the conquest (Setyawan. 2009. 115. To prevent fighting, the local community proposed to complain buffalo. Foreign forces are approved and provide a large buffalo and aggressive, while the local community to provide a hungry calves. In the battle, which are hungry calves were expecting big buffalo is the parent. The child then ran buffalo milk and gore seek to dismember the great buffalo stomach. The victory inspired the local community using the name Minangkabau, derived from the words "Manang Kabau" (meaning winning buffalo. Keywords: Islamic Culture, Marriage, Minagkabau   Abstrak Minangkabau Minangkabau atau yang biasa disingkat Minang adalah kelompok etnis Nusantara yang berbahasa dan menjunjung adat Minangkabau. Wilayah penganut kebudayaannya meliputi Sumatera Barat, separuh daratan Riau, bagian utara Bengkulu, bagian barat Jambi, pantai barat Sumatera Utara, barat daya Aceh, dan juga Negeri Sembilan di Malaysia. Dalam percakapan awam, orang Minang seringkali disamakan sebagai orang Padang, merujuk kepada nama ibu kota provinsi Sumatera Barat

  2. Post-2012 climate regime. How industrial and developing nations can help to reduce emissions - assessing emission trends, reduction potentials, incentive systems and negotiation options

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duscha, Vicki; Graichen, Jakob; Healy, Sean; Schleich, Joachim; Schumacher, Katja [Oeko-Institut e.V., Berlin (Germany); Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2010-06-15

    This report analyses the emissions reduction targets submitted under the Copenhagen Accord by developed and developing countries in matters of four key questions: - Do the pledges add up to the emission reductions required necessary by science? - What are the costs associated with meeting the given targets? - Are the proposed emission reduction efforts of Annex I parties comparable? - What would comparable efforts look like taking country-specific socio-economic indicators into account? Secondary to these questions this report explores the economic and environmental implications of the submitted pledges and NAMAs. Furthermore, we analyze and assess the comparability of efforts of Annex I mitigation pledges compared to a range of socio-economic indicators that may provide a basis for a ''fair'' effort sharing agreement to achieve a given target. (orig.)

  3. KRITIK PENETAPAN HARGA IJARAH PADA GADAI EMAS (TINJAUAN FIKIH DAN ETIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinda Asytuti

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pembiayaan gadai emas di bank syariah mencuat ketika harga emas dunia mengalami fluktuasi yang cukup tajam. Hal ini mendorong masyarakat beralih kepada investasi emas. Diawali oleh BRI syariah membuka layanan gadai emas yang diidasarkan pada akad rahn dan ijaroh, namun pada praktiknya membuka prosedur layanan beli gadai yang disinyalir rentan dengan spekulasi yang dilarang oleh agama islam. Produk beli gadai selanjutnya dikenal dengan berkebun emas ini dibatasi oleh Bank Indonesia guna membatasi gerak spekulasi nasabah atas emas. Akan tetapi beberapa bank syariah seperti BNI dan BSM yang juga membuka layanan gadai emas tidak melakukan transaksi beli gadai sebagaimana BRI syariah melainkan hanya melayani gadai emas sebagaimana dalam fatwa DSN MUI No 26/DSN-MUI/III/2002. Namun transaksi gadai emas yang berjalan bukan berarti tanpa masalah ditilik dari fikih dan etika salah satunya adalah penetapan harga ijaroh yang didasarkan pada metode tiring dan taksasi pembiayaan yang diterima. Penetapan harga ijaroh dan transaksi gadai emas  dirasakan telah menyalahi konsepsi Rahn yang seharusnya didudukkan pada akad keterdesakan yang beresensi ta’awun tolong menolong. Untuk itu tulisan ini  membahas tentang praktik gadai emas di bank syariah dan metode penetapan ujroh pada produk gadai emas. Penulis menyimpulkan bahwa penetapan tarif ijaroh yang saat ini ditetapkan oleh bank syariah rentan pada penggelinciran fungsi sesunguhnya yang kemudian jatuh pada konsepsi “hillah / Helah (al-hilah; al-tahayulyang termasuk upaya rasional yang manipulatif.  Di antara hillah tersebut adalah penggantian nama dan perubahan bentuk padahal substansinya sama. Yusuf al-Qardhawi berpendapat bahwa sebuah perubahan nama tidak diakui secara hukum apabila substansinya tetap, dan perubahan bentuk juga tidak diakui secara hukum apabila hakikatnya sama (la ‘ibrata bi taghayyur al-ism idza baqiya al- musamma, wa la bi taghayyur al-shurah idza baqiyat al-haqiqah

  4. KOMUNIKASI POLITIK PADA PEMILIHAN UMUM 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atmadji Sumarkidjo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Jokowi name in early 2013 emerged as a candidate for the "newest" Presiden RI 2014dramatically changed the political map in Indonesia. From March 2013 until January 2014 thename of Joko Widodo has always topped the surveys or polls were held, despite the PDI-Struggle(PDI-P, which is the bearer party official Jokowi until early February 2014 was never officiallyannounced their names as candidates of their President in Presidential Election come.This is known as Jokowi Effect. Has five characteristics of, first, the emergence of the name ofthe former mayor of Solo, who only three months in office as Governor of Jakarta to exchange aPresidential candidate in the 2014 polls. Second, the bandwagon effect after Jokowi nameappeared in the survey on social media and then knowingly disseminated through conventionalmass media such as newspapers and television.Third, the emergence of Jokowi name with thepopularity and the highest elektabilitas consistently in surveys throughout the year 2013 haschanged the landscape of national political calculations competition 2014 candidates. Pemilihan Umum (Pemilu sudah didepan mata. Pemilihan untuk menentukananggota-anggota DPR-RI, DPRD I dan DPRD II akan diselenggarakan pada 9 April 2014sementara pemilihan Presiden akan dilaksanakan pada 9 Juli 2014. Tidak mengherankan paracalon legislatif sudah bersiap untuk dikenal, diketahui dan nantinya dipilih oleh parakonstituennya, dan meskipun periode untuk kampanye secara resmi dimulai 11 Januari 2014.Nama Jokowi pada awal tahun 2013 muncul sebagai kandidat “terbaru” Pres iden RI 2014mengubah secara dramatis peta politik di Indonesia. Sejak Maret 2013 hingga Januari 2014 namaJoko Widodo selalu menduduki peringkat teratas berbagai survei atau poll yang diselenggarakan,meskipun PDI-Perjuangan (PDIP yang merupakan partai pengusung resmi Jokowi sampai awalFebruari 2014 tidak pernah secara resmi mengumumkan namanya sebagai bakal calon Presidenmereka pada Pilpres mendatang.

  5. KOSAKATA SISTEM PERTANIAN TRADISIONAL SUNDA: KAJIAN STRUKTUR DAN MAKNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Setyadi Aras

    2018-03-01

    afiksasi, reduplikasi, akronim, dan gabungan kata. Makna kosakata mengacu pada peralatan dan perkakas, aktivitas penggarapan, keadaan dan kondisi padi, proses penanaman, nama tempat dan wadah, nama waktu, upacara tradisional, tokoh masyarakat, hama padi, serta ukuran atau takaran.

  6. IPTEKS BAGI MASYARAKAT USAHA JASA TAILOR DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Endah Wahyuningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan kegiatan Ipteks bagi Masyarakat (IbM ini adalah untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh industri kecil jasa penjahitan busana pria dan wanita di Kecamatan Gajah Mungkur, Kota Semarang. Ada dua usaha jasa tailor yang diprioritaskan menjadi mitra IbM, yaitu Bapak Mamiek Slamet dan Ibu Sri Astuti Yudhaningrum dengan dua aspek permasalahan yang akan ditangani, yaitu aspek produksi dan aspek manajemen. Target khusus yang ingin dicapai adalah, dalam aspek produksi : 1 Dihasilkan 2 sofware pemrograman data pelanggan purnama dan dara tailor mengenai : identitas pelanggan, jenis dan ukuran pelanggan untuk model kebaya, kemeja, jas, celana dan rok, serta ongkos jahit 2 pelatihan Penggunaan mesin high speed untu produksi celana, kemeja maupun blazer 3 Menambah peralatan produksi, antara mesin jahit industri 4 Tempat material dan produk lebih tertata sehingga lebih nyaman, aman bersih, dan rapi. Dalam aspek manajemen: 1 Pembukuan data identitas, ukuran dan model baju pesanan tersimpan dalam komputer sehingga lebih cepat mencari dan mempercepat layanan lebih baik , pencatatan ongkos jahit dan keuangan lebih tertib 2 Terdapat nota sesuai identitas dan kartu nama tempat produksi. Sebagai tim pelaksana kegiatan ini melibatkan dosen dan mahasiswa dengan bidang keahlian yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan lapangan. Dalam pelaksanaan dipakai beberapa metode yang saling mendukung, antara lain dengan ceramah/ penyuluhan untuk materi yang bersifat teori dan motivasi, demonstrasi/peragaan untuk menyampaikan materi praktek/keterampilan, praktek langsung oleh mitra, dan pendampingan kegiatan. Luaran pengabdian dalam aspek produksi : 1 Dihasilkan 2 sofware pemrograman data pelanggan purnama dan dara tailor mengenai : identitas pelanggan, jenis dan ukuran pelanggan untuk model kebaya, kemeja, jas, celana dan rok, serta ongkos jahit 2 pelatihan Penggunaan mesin high speed untu produksi celana, kemeja maupun blazer 3 Menambah peralatan produksi, antara mesin

  7. ANALISIS FAKTOR INTEGRATIF NYAMA BALI-NYAMA SELAM, UNTUK MENYUSUN BUKU PANDUAN KERUKUNAN MASYARAKAT DI ERA OTONOMI DAERAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Pageh

    2014-02-01

    , menggunakan nama-nama Bali, berbagai kesenian kolaborasi. Bentuknya di Bidang Relegi (Pura Kertanegara/Gambur Angalayang, Subak Panji Anom, Pura Mekah di Bangli. Bentuk di Bidang Politik (enclaves Kepaon, Pegayaman, sekitar Kerajaan Karangasem, sekitar kerajaan di Bali. Bentuk di Bidang Ekonomi (ekonomi komplementer islam sekitar pelabuhan, pertanian di Tegalinggah, Panji Anom, Candikuning. Banyak islam bergelut di sektor pertanian dan perdagangan informal. Semua ini telah teruji dalam sejarah dapat mengintegrasikan Nyama Bali-Nyama Islam dalam masyarakat multietnik di Bali.  Berharap dapat digunakan untuk merampungkan buku model integratif/harmoni sosial.

  8. Evidence that biosynthesis of the second and third sugars of the archaellin Tetrasaccharide in the archaeon Methanococcus maripaludis occurs by the same pathway used by Pseudomonas aeruginosa to make a di-N-acetylated sugar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Sarah; Robotham, Anna; Logan, Susan M; Kelly, John F; Uchida, Kaoru; Aizawa, Shin-Ichi; Jarrell, Ken F

    2015-05-01

    Methanococcus maripaludis has two surface appendages, archaella and type IV pili, which are composed of glycoprotein subunits. Archaellins are modified with an N-linked tetrasaccharide with the structure Sug-1,4-β-ManNAc3NAmA6Thr-1,4-β-GlcNAc3NAcA-1,3-β-GalNAc, where Sug is (5S)-2-acetamido-2,4-dideoxy-5-O-methyl-α-L-erythro-hexos-5-ulo-1,5-pyranose. The pilin glycan has an additional hexose attached to GalNAc. In this study, genes located in two adjacent, divergently transcribed operons (mmp0350-mmp0354 and mmp0359-mmp0355) were targeted for study based on annotations suggesting their involvement in biosynthesis of N-glycan sugars. Mutants carrying deletions in mmp0350, mmp0351, mmp0352, or mmp0353 were nonarchaellated and synthesized archaellins modified with a 1-sugar glycan, as estimated from Western blots. Mass spectroscopy analysis of pili purified from the Δmmp0352 strain confirmed a glycan with only GalNAc, suggesting mmp0350 to mmp0353 were all involved in biosynthesis of the second sugar (GlcNAc3NAcA). The Δmmp0357 mutant was archaellated and had archaellins with a 2-sugar glycan, as confirmed by mass spectroscopy of purified archaella, indicating a role for MMP0357 in biosynthesis of the third sugar (ManNAc3NAmA6Thr). M. maripaludis mmp0350, mmp0351, mmp0352, mmp0353, and mmp0357 are proposed to be functionally equivalent to Pseudomonas aeruginosa wbpABEDI, involved in converting UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-d-mannuronic acid, an O5-specific antigen sugar. Cross-domain complementation of the final step of the P. aeruginosa pathway with mmp0357 supports this hypothesis. This work identifies a series of genes in adjacent operons that are shown to encode the enzymes that complete the entire pathway for generation of the second and third sugars of the N-linked tetrasaccharide that modifies archaellins of Methanococcus maripaludis. This posttranslational modification of archaellins is important, as it is necessary for

  9. ECRANISATION, FROM TEXTUAL TRADITION TO CINEMA: THE INFIDELITY AGAINST THE VALUES OF LITERARY WRITING?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istadiyantha

    2017-09-01

    -Ayat Cinta (AAC oleh Habiburahman El Shirazy dan film AAC yang disutradarai oleh Hanung Bramantyo. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa kendati judul film dan nama-nama tokoh utama dalam film AAC sama dengan novelnya, namun wahana dari novel ke film telah memisahkan dan membedakan ciri khas media itu sendiri dengan wahana masing-masing. Terkait wahana yang harus diciptakan, kita memang tidak bisa mengharapkan kesetiaan film terhadap novel sebagai sumber ceritanya, karena pasti akan terjadi perubahan mengikuti sifat media dan pecinta karya sastra film tersebut. Penting untuk ditekankan bahwa dalam membedakan bagaimana menikmati dua media yang berbeda tersebut diperlukan apresiasi terhadap karya-karya sastra untuk menghindari kekecewaan karena perbedaan alamiah yang harus ada antara film dan novel. Kata Kunci: Ayat-Ayat Cinta, perbedaan, ekranisasi, film, novel, media

  10. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP PEMEGANG SAHAM DALAM PENJUALAN ASET PERSEROAN BERDASARKAN PASAL 102 AYAT (4 UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 40 TAHUN 2007 TENTANG PERSEROAN TERBATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musriansyah Musriansyah

    2017-12-01

    secara pribadi atas perikatan yang dibuat atas nama Perseroan dan tidak bertanggung jawab atas kerugian Perseroan melebihi saham yang dimilikinya, Kemudian tanggung jawab direksi dalam menjalankan kepengurusannya harus didasarkan dengan itikad baik dan penuh tanggung jawab karena direksi memegang fiduciary duty dari perseroan. Apabila direksi lalai dalam tugasnya, direksi dapat dikenakan piercing the corporate viel yaitu pertanggungjawaban pribadi sampai kepada harta pribadi direksi atas kerugian yang diterima oleh perseroan, pemegang saham, atau pihak ketiga. Hal ini digunakan untuk melindungi kepentingan pemegang saham atau pihak ketiga yang dirugikan atas tindakan direksi yang sewenang-wenang atau tidak layak yang dilakukan atas nama perseroan   DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um019v2i22017p125

  11. Exoproteome analysis reveals higher abundance of proteins linked to alkaline stress in persistent Listeria monocytogenes strains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rychli, Kathrin; Grunert, Tom; Ciolacu, Luminita; Zaiser, Andreas; Razzazi-Fazeli, Ebrahim; Schmitz-Esser, Stephan; Ehling-Schulz, Monika; Wagner, Martin

    2016-02-02

    The foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes, responsible for listeriosis a rare but severe infection disease, can survive in the food processing environment for month or even years. So-called persistent L. monocytogenes strains greatly increase the risk of (re)contamination of food products, and are therefore a great challenge for food safety. However, our understanding of the mechanism underlying persistence is still fragmented. In this study we compared the exoproteome of three persistent strains with the reference strain EGDe under mild stress conditions using 2D differential gel electrophoresis. Principal component analysis including all differentially abundant protein spots showed that the exoproteome of strain EGDe (sequence type (ST) 35) is distinct from that of the persistent strain R479a (ST8) and the two closely related ST121 strains 4423 and 6179. Phylogenetic analyses based on multilocus ST genes showed similar grouping of the strains. Comparing the exoproteome of strain EGDe and the three persistent strains resulted in identification of 22 differentially expressed protein spots corresponding to 16 proteins. Six proteins were significantly increased in the persistent L. monocytogenes exoproteomes, among them proteins involved in alkaline stress response (e.g. the membrane anchored lipoprotein Lmo2637 and the NADPH dehydrogenase NamA). In parallel the persistent strains showed increased survival under alkaline stress, which is often provided during cleaning and disinfection in the food processing environments. In addition, gene expression of the proteins linked to stress response (Lmo2637, NamA, Fhs and QoxA) was higher in the persistent strain not only at 37 °C but also at 10 °C. Invasion efficiency of EGDe was higher in intestinal epithelial Caco2 and macrophage-like THP1 cells compared to the persistent strains. Concurrently we found higher expression of proteins involved in virulence in EGDe e.g. the actin-assembly-inducing protein ActA and the

  12. SIM Kemiskinan Sebagai Dasar Informasi Geografis Untuk Pemetaan Prioritas Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Kabupaten Banjarnegara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aji Supriyanto

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Program pengentasan  kemiskinan merupakan prioritas bagi pemerintah daerah Kabupaten Banjarnegara yang harus ditangani. Penelitan ini bermaksud merancang bangun sebuah sistem informasi yang mengolah data penduduk yang dapat diolah menjadi sebuah informasi  kemiskinan yang dapat diakses  melalui web dengan menggunakan standar indikator kemiskinan menurut BPS. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan cara action research dan model pengembangan sistem informasi adalah secara terstruktur menggunakan waterfall. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah dapat menyajikan  informasi yang dapat menetukan kriteria kemiskinan dengan model singgle-criteria maupun multiple-criteria sesuai kebutuhan indikator kemiskinan yang ditentukan hingga pada tingkat desa, serta memberikan informasi tentang jenis-jenis bantuan yang telah diberikan pada setiap penduduk berdasarkan nama dan alamat (by name by address. Hasil selanjutnya adalah dapat dijadikan sebagai dasar pemetaan digital (Sistem Informasi Geografis/SIG untuk menentukan kantong kemiskinan di suatu daerah, dengan memberikan pewarnaan yang menjadi indikator tingkat kemiskinan.   Kata Kunci : kemiskinan, sistem informasi, penduduk, indikator BPS, GIS.

  13. KERAGAAN BIOREPRODUKSI DAN PERTUMBUHAN TIGA POPULASI IKAN BAUNG (Hemibagrus nemurus Val. 1840

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jojo Subagja

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ikan baung (Hemibagrus nemurus Val. 1840 termasuk kelompok catfish bernilai ekonomis, di Asia populer dengan nama “green catfish”. Informasi tentang variasi genetik dan keragaan bioreproduksi dari ketiga kandidat populasi hasil kegiatan 2011, yaitu: populasi Cisadane (Sdn, Cirata (Crt, dan Serayu (Sry telah dijadikan informasi dasar dalam keperluan seleksi atau persilangan antar strain agar diperoleh ikan yang cepat tumbuh. Populasi Serayu menunjukkan tingkat variasi genetik paling kecil, namun memiliki aspek bioreproduksi lebih baik, sementara populasi Cirata menunjukkan kekerabatan dan variasi genetik lebih tinggi dari populasi Serayu dan Cisadane. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaan bioreproduksi dan pertumbuhan hasil persilangan dari tiga populasi yang digunakan. Keturunan hasil persilangan antara ketiga populasi telah diamati pada aspek Spesific Growth Rate (SGR, bobot akhir, dan sintasan (SR pada stadia benih umur 42 hari, serta parameter bioreproduksi dari masing-masing populasi induk antara lain: perkembangan gonad, fekunditas, dan indeks ova somatik. Hasil persilangan antara populasi Sdn x Sry menghasilkan nilai heterosis tertinggi pada parameter SGR (8,72%; heterosis sintasan tertinggi dicapai oleh persilangan Sry dengan Sdn (45,45%; sedangkan bobot akhir dicapai oleh persilangan Crt dengan Sdn (22,08%. Persilangan dua arah antara populasi Cisadane dan populasi Cirata adalah persilangan dengan respons tertinggi pada parameter SR dan bobot akhir nilai IOS (Indeks Ova Somatik Cisadane 15,9% dan Cirata 20,7%.

  14. كتاب العربية بين يديك حل من مشكلة تعليم اللغة العربية في الدراسة الإسلامية

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmadi Ahmadi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Bahasa adalah alat komunikasi yang efektif untuk interaksi sesama manusia. Belajar Bahasa Arab adalah untuk sarana berkomunikasi dengan pemilik bahasa itu sendiri. Sebagai seorang muslim belajar Bahasa Arab hukumnya wajib, dan ini sebagai langkah awal untuk memahami al-Qur'an dan al-Hadis sebagai sumber hukum ilmu-ilmu keislaman. Dan kurang bijak rasanya jika dikatakan; belajar Bahasa Arab hanya kewajiban Mahasiswa Pendidikan Bahasa Arab (PBA saja, padahal dalam setiap disiplin ilmu keislaman tidak mungkin terlepas dengan Bahasa Arab, apalagi dengan banyaknya buku-buku yang menyediakan materi-materi Bahasa Arab baik dari segi Qira'ah, Muhadasah, Qoidah, Imla' dan lain-lain. Ada sebuah buku yang sangat menarik untuk dipakai untuk masuk dalam belajar materi-materi Bahasa Arab, nama buku tersebut adalah Al-Arabiyah Baina Yadaika, yang sangat cocok dipakai oleh orang-orang 'ajami (non arab. Isi buku tersebut mencakup mufradat yang kontemporer, sehingga dapat menarik perhatian bagi penggunanya, dan dilengkapi Mp3 visual yang akan membantu  mempermudah cara melafalkan materi-materi tersebut.

  15. Building Harmony and Peace through Religious Education SOCIAL PREJUDICE AND REBELIANCE BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS IN MODERN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL GONTOR DARUSSALAM, EAST JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Fahmi Haji Abdurrachim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berangkat dari fakta bahwa, pondok pesantren selalunya dikaitkan dan bahkan diidentikan dengan berbagai bentuk pemikiran ekstrim dan tindakan radikal atas nama agama. Sehingga banyak kalangan ditengah-tengah masyarakat yang memiliki prasangka sosial terhadap keberadaan pondok pesantren. Sungguhpun demikian penelitian ini bertuujuan melihat hubungan antara prasangka sosial dan prilaku memberontak dikalangan santri Pondok Pesantren Modern Gontor Darussalam (PMDG di Jawa Timur. Tiga teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah : (1 Teori prasangka soosial. (2 Teori pemberontakan (khususnya dalam konteks remaja mengingat para santri umumnya tergolong dalam kategori remaja. Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 2067 orang santri. Sungguh demikian sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 335 orang. Adapun formula yang digunakan untuk mengukur besaran ukuran sampel adalah : n = N/1+e2. Penarikan sampel dilakukan menggunakan simple stratified random sampling. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan skala psikologi dan kuesioner serta studi dokumentasi. Semenatara teknik analisa data dengan menggunakan pearson correlation (product momment untuk melihat hubungan antara variabel. Hasil penelitian ini mendapati tidak adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara prasangka sosial dan prilaku memberontak dikalnagan para santri di ponpes PMDG. Hal ini dibuktikan melalui perolehan nilai r hitung = 0.328. dan t tabel = 1,64 serta p (value = 0.90 > 0.05.

  16. Sistem Pembayaran Parkir Menggunakan NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION Berbasis ANDROID dan Teknologi INTERNET OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dody Ichwana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Intisari— Paper ini menjelaskan rancang bangun sistem pembayaran parkir menggunakan NFC (Near Field Communication dan GPS (Global Position System untuk menciptakan metode pembayaran parkir yang lebih cerdas. Kontribusi yang diberikan dari hasil penelitian adalah menerapkan konsep pervasive computing dan Internet of Things (IoT di dalam pembangunan sistem parkir, sehingga pengguna menjadi lebih nyaman untuk memarkirkan kendaraan mereka. Lokasi parkir dipasang wifi dan nama SSID yang unik.  Sistem akan  melakukan sensing kepada pengguna yang memasuki lokasi parker menggunakan IMEI. Pembayaran parkir menggunakan aplikasi pada smartphone dengan NFC Enable dengan cara didekatkan pada NFC reader pada sistem. Pengguna melakukan tap pada smartphone dengan NFC Enable ke NFC reader untuk melakukan proses inisialisasi awal parkir kendaraan yang akan mencatat ID pengguna, date, dan saldo virtual money. Aplikasi pada smartphone akan mencatat koordinat lokasi parkir kendaraan sesuai lokasi parkir yang dipilih oleh pengguna. Selanjutnya, aplikasi akan membantu pengguna menemukan lokasi kendaraan ketika penguuna terlupa. Sistem pembayaran parkir pada penelitian ini telah berhasil dibangun dengan menghindari penggunaan kertas untuk tiket sehingga akan lebih memudahkan pengguna dan lebih ramah lingkungan.

  17. Pembuatan Aplikasi Permainan Pengenalan Provinsi di Indonesia Melalui Game “Adventure Indonesia” Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Ashari

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah Negara yang luas dan kaya akan keanekaragaman aspek keruangan. Secara administratif menurut UU RI Nomor 20 Tahun 2012 Indonesia tentang pembentukan provinsi Kalimantan Utara yang menjadikan Indonesia terdiri dari 34 Provinsi. Hal ini berdampak terhadap aspek kehidupan terutama pada aspek pendidikan. Pada tingkat sekolah dasar siswa telah diajarkan untuk mengenal wilayah Indonesia. untuk mempermudah siswa sekolah dasar dalam memahami dan mengenal provinsi dibutuhkan suatu aplikasi edukasi yang dapat mengenalkan karakteristik dan nama ibukota dari provinsi di Indonesia oleh karena itu muncul sebuah ide untuk merancang dan membangun aplikasi permainan “Adventure Indonesia” ini diharapkan menjadi sarana permainan tentang pengenalan provinsi di Indonesia. Aplikasi permainan 'Adventure Indonesia' dibuat menggunakan perangkat lunak Unity versi 5. Pengembangan multimedia yang digunakan adalah Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MDLC yang memiliki enam tahap, yaitu tahap konsep (Concept, tahap perancangan (Design, tahap pengumpulan materi (Material Collecting, tahap pembuatan (Assembly, tahap pengujian (testing, dan tahap distribusi (Distribution. Pengujian black-box juga digunakan pada aplikasi ini. Hasil dari penelitian adalah berupa aplikasi permainan “Adventure Indonesia” yang dapat berjalan pada perangkat berbasis android. Aplikasi ini berisi pengenalan karakteristik dan ibukota dari provinsi di Indonesia. Berdasarkan pengujian dengan menggunakan metode black-box, seluruh fungsi yang ada dalam aplikasi permainan telah berhasil dan berjalan sesuai dengan fungsinya masing-masing.

  18. Dental microwear of sympatric rodent species sampled across habitats in southern Africa: Implications for environmental influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgman, Jenny H E; Leichliter, Jennifer; Avenant, Nico L; Ungar, Peter S

    2016-03-01

    Dental microwear textures have proven to be a valuable tool for reconstructing the diets of a wide assortment of fossil vertebrates. Nevertheless, some studies have recently questioned the efficacy of this approach, suggesting that aspects of habitat unrelated to food preference, especially environmental grit load, might have a confounding effect on microwear patterning that obscures the diet signal. Here we evaluate this hypothesis by examining microwear textures of 3 extant sympatric rodent species that vary in diet breadth and are found in a variety of habitat types: Mastomys coucha, Micaelamys namaquensis and Rhabdomys pumilio. We sample each of these species from 3 distinct environmental settings in southern Africa that differ in rainfall and vegetative cover: Nama-Karoo shrublands (semi-desert) and Dry Highveld grasslands in the Free State Province of South Africa, and Afromontane (wet) grasslands in the highlands of Lesotho. While differences between habitat types are evident for some of the species, inconsistency in the pattern suggests that the microwear signal is driven by variation in foods eaten rather than grit-level per se. It is clear that, at least for species and habitats sampled in the current study, environmental grit load does not swamp diet-related microwear signatures. © 2016 International Society of Zoological Sciences, Institute of Zoology/Chinese Academy of Sciences and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  19. Veselības aprūpes iemaņas pusaudžiem bērnu namā

    OpenAIRE

    Zūpe, Daira

    2008-01-01

    Pētniecības darbā „Veselības aprūpes iemaņas pusaudžiem bērnu namā” autore Daira Zūpe izpēta un analizē vienu no bērnu namu aktuālajām problēmām veselības profilakses veicināšanā – veselības aprūpes iemaņu attīstīšanu. Pētījumā uzmanība pievērsta māsas lomai bērnu nama pusaudžu veselības aprūpes procesā, kur akcentēta veselības aprūpes pamatiemaņu nozīme veselības vecināšanā - fiziskās aktivitātes, ēšanas paradumi, kaitīgie ieradumi un higiēnas iemaņas. Pētniecības darba zinātniskā vadītā...

  20. Genetic Ancestry of Hadza and Sandawe Peoples Reveals Ancient Population Structure in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shriner, Daniel; Tekola-Ayele, Fasil; Adeyemo, Adebowale; Rotimi, Charles N

    2018-03-01

    The Hadza and Sandawe populations in present-day Tanzania speak languages containing click sounds and therefore thought to be distantly related to southern African Khoisan languages. We analyzed genome-wide genotype data for individuals sampled from the Hadza and Sandawe populations in the context of a global data set of 3,528 individuals from 163 ethno-linguistic groups. We found that Hadza and Sandawe individuals share ancestry distinct from and most closely related to Omotic ancestry; share Khoisan ancestry with populations such as ≠Khomani, Karretjie, and Ju/'hoansi in southern Africa; share Niger-Congo ancestry with populations such as Yoruba from Nigeria and Luhya from Kenya, consistent with migration associated with the Bantu Expansion; and share Cushitic ancestry with Somali, multiple Ethiopian populations, the Maasai population in Kenya, and the Nama population in Namibia. We detected evidence for low levels of Arabian, Nilo-Saharan, and Pygmy ancestries in a minority of individuals. Our results indicate that west Eurasian ancestry in eastern Africa is more precisely the Arabian parent of Cushitic ancestry. Relative to the Out-of-Africa migrations, Hadza ancestry emerged early whereas Sandawe ancestry emerged late.

  1. Thailand's Low-Carbon Scenario 2050: The AIM/CGE analyses of CO2 mitigation measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thepkhun, Panida; Limmeechokchai, Bundit; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Masui, Toshihiko; Shrestha, Ram M.

    2013-01-01

    Climate change and CO 2 mitigation have become increasingly important environmental issues. Recently Thailand has proposed policies on GHG mitigation such as Thailand’s Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA), which aims at GHG mitigation in the energy sector. This study used the computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, called “AIM/CGE” model, to analyse GHG mitigation measures under emission trading and carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology in Thailand. Results show that the international free emission trading policy can drive more GHG reduction by decreasing energy supply and demand, and increasing prices of emissions. The CCS technologies would balance emission reduction but they would reduce energy efficiency improvement and renewable energy utilization. In the energy security aspect, the policy options in this study would improve energy security, energy import dependency, and co-benefits of GHG mitigation in forms of improving local air quality. Results are also helpful to GHG mitigation policy in developing countries. -- Highlights: •A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model was used to analyze GHG mitigation policies in Thailand. •The CCS and emission trading will increase GHG mitigation in Thailand. •The 30% GHG mitigation target with 50% emission trading will give the best result in GDP. •The share of biomass resource and energy efficiency will decrease with CCS. •The emission trading will play an important role in decreasing fossil consumption and increasing renewable energy utilization

  2. Musisi Sekuler dan Gerejawi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Cristovel

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Menjadi seorang musisi tidak sekedar bermain musik atau menyanyi saja. Ada jenjang-jenjang yang akan dilewatidalam dunia musik, yang pada akhirnya setiap musisi dihadapkan kepada tanggung jawab dalam dunia tersebut. Di jaman ini, jika jenjang seorang musisi sudah tahap profesional, maka musik dan bisnis merupakan hal yang tidak terpisahkan. Jadi tidak heran jika ada banyak orang yang memimpikan untuk berkarier dalam bidang musik, bahkan telah men1adicita-cita sejak kecil.Jadi penting bagi musisi gerejawi benar-benar "mengkotakkan dirinya" terhadap persepsi yang dianut oleh musisi sekuler, bukan mencampurkannya. Hal ini sangat esensial, karena musisi gerejawi bukan melayani manusia melainkan oleh anugerah Tuhan dipercayakan pekerjaan ini. Dengan demikian pelayanan sebagai musisi gerejawi tidak tercemar oleh persepsi dari dunia musik sekuler. Selain itu musisi gerejawi dapat merefleksikan Tuhan yang disembahnya kepada dunia sekuler, karena tujuan dari semua yang dilakukannya adalah untuk kemuliaan nama Tuhan.

  3. Analisis Implementasi Infrastructure as A Service Menggunakan Ubuntu Cloud Infrastruktur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Fitra Puspa Rahma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Semakin canggih dan berkembangnya teknologi informasi di berbagai aspek kehidupan, meniscayakan perguruan tinggi sebagai institusi pengembang ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi (IPTEK untuk merespon positif. Hal ini akan berdampak juga dalam perkembangan perangkar keras yang secara tidak langsung harus mengikuti perkembangan teknologi informasi yang ada sehingga akan dilakukan penambahan perangkat yang akan menyebabkan penambahan biaya untuk membeli perangkat yang baru. Hal tersebut dapat dipenuhi dengan menggunakan teknologi cloud computing. Cloud computing merupakan model komputasi, dimana sumber daya seperti daya komputasi, penyimpanan, jaringan dan perangkat lunak disediakan sebagai laayanan di internet. Sumber daya komputasi tersebut dapat dipenuhi oleh layanan layanan cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS.Infrastructure as a Service tersebut dibangun dengan menngunakan Infrastruktur Cloud Ubuntu. Sistem Operasi yang digunakan adalah Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS dan serta perangkat lunak yang digunakan untuk membangun infrastruktur adalah OpenStack versi essex. Hasil dari tugas akhir ini adalah terciptanya mesin virtual berdasarkan spesifikasi CPU, memory, dan disk yang dipilih melalui flavor yaitu m1.tiny dengan spesifikasi memori 512 MB, disk 0 GB, ephemeral 0 GB, vCPU 1. Image yang digunakan pada instance adalahsServer Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS. Kecepatan CPU yang didapat pada mesin virtual tersebut adalah 3000,106 MHz. Penggunaan CPU pada instance dengan nama “webserver” meliputi 0,3% dengan sisa 0,97%, Memori 422764k dari total keseluruhan 503496.

  4. PEMBUATAN GAME EDUKASI PETUALANGAN SI GEMUL SEBAGAI PEMBELAJARAN PENGENALAN DAERAH SOLO RAYA PADA ANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fendi Aji Purnomo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan administrasi setelah Orde Baru pemerintah telah menghapus tingkat Karesidenan di Indonesia termasuk Karesidenan Surakarta. Akibatnya nama Karesidenan Surakarta berubah menjadi Eks-Karesidenan Surakarta atau Wilayah Solo Raya. Wilayah Solo Raya terdiri dari tujuh Kabupaten tiga di antaranya berbatasan langsung dengan kota Solo yaitu Boyolali, Sukoharjo dan Karanganyar. Tiga yang lain tidak berbatasan langsung yaitu Wonogiri, Sragen dan Klaten. Masing-masing daerah memiliki slogan, tempat wisata dan makanan khas yang berbeda, namun masih banyak masyarakat yang kurang mengenalnya. Hasil observasi menunjukkan bahwa kebanyakan anak-anak usia sekolah dasar belum mengetahui daerah-daerah mana saja yang masuk dalam daerah Solo Raya. Saat ini teknologi semakin berkembang secara pesat dan penggunaan gadget dapat difungsikan sebagai media edukasi. Dalam penelitian ini telah dikembangkan Game Edukasi berjudul Petualangan Gembul untuk mengenal daerah di Solo Raya Berbasis Android. Metode yang digunakan dalam pengembagan game ini adalah Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC Water Fall dimulai dari analisis, perancangan, pembuatan, pengujian dan pemeliharaan. Model permainan yang disajikan level pertama berupa adventure yang dilengkapi latar belakang daerah khas masing-masing, level kedua berupa kuis tanya jawab dan level ketiga berupa game puzzel yang berisi foto khas daerah untuk ditata ulang. Pengujian yang dilakukan meliputi pengujian perangkat terhadap 3 perangkat android yang berbeda spesifikasinya dan pengujian hasil pembuatan game melalui kuisioner dalam aspek penyampaian informasi dan desain visual game. Hasil penelitian menyebutkan bahwa 75% game tersebut memudahkan dalam mengenal daerah Solo Raya dan 79% menyebutkan bahwa tampilan game tersebut menarik. Kata kunci: game, android, anak, solo raya.

  5. Pencarian Kelompok Tani Menggunakan Sistem Informasi Geografis bagi Penyuluh di Kabupaten Agam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yossi Prima Ariyani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Kabupaten Agam adalah salah satu kabupaten di Sumatera Barat yang 38,20% dari jumlah penduduknya bekerja di sektor pertanian. Pemerintah Kabutpaten Agam sangat menggalakkan pengembangan sektor pertanian dengan pengembangan kelembagaan dan komoditas unggulan setiap kelompok tani. Penyuluhan bagi setiap kelompok tani yang dilakukan oleh penyuluh-penyuluh dan dikelola oleh Badan Pelaksana Penyuluhan Pertanian Perikanan Kehutanan dan Ketahanan Pangan (BP4K2P. Dengan jumlah kelompok tani kurang lebih 1.737 kelompok dan tersebar di 2.232,30 km2  akan menyulitkan bagi BP4K2P terutama penyuluh untuk mengetahui lokasi setiap kelompok tani. Sebuah sistem informasi yang berbasis lokasi kelompok tani menjadi solusi bagi penyuluh dalam menemukan informasi setiap kelompok tani yang ada. Perangkat lunak dibangun dari rangkaian proses berurutan yang meliputi tahap analisis, desain, pengodean, dan pengujian. Analsis didapatkan kebutuhan fungsional sistem dirumuskan dengan kemampuan melakukan pencarian berdasarkan nama kelompok tani, kenagarian, jenis kelompok dan komoditi unggulan serta menampilkan rute menuju lokasi kelompok tani. Aplikasi dibangun berbasis web dengan memanfaatkan Google Maps sebagai peta dasarnya. Pengolahan data spasial memanfaatkan fitur PostGIS. Pengujian sistem dilakukan degan secara blackbox testing yang berfokus pada kemampuan fungsioanl sistem. Hasil dari pengujian yang dilakukan oleh tujuh orang penguji terhadap 7 kebutuhan fungsional menunjukkan bahwa sistem yang dibangun telah sesuai dengan kebutuhan fungsional sistem yang dirancang.

  6. Retorika Visual Plesetan Media Promosi Spanduk Usaha Kuliner “Es Kelapa Muda” Di Jalan Godean, Sleman-Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudjadi Tjipto R

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai kota pelajar keberadaan ribuan pendatang (pelajar/mahasiswa memunculkan peluang wirausaha kuliner bagi masyarakat Yogyakarta. Keberadaan usaha kuliner ditemukan dalam bentuk warung makan, angkringan, warung burjo (bubur kacang ijo, warung penyetan, sampai outlet minuman ringan. Spanduk (geber adalah media iklan sederhana yang lazim digunakan sebagai media promosi usaha kuliner. Semenjak teknologi cetak digital (digital printing masuk ke Yogyakarta (2001, mencetak spanduk menjadi kebiasaan pemilik usaha kuliner. Fenomena menarik terjadi ketika spanduk promosi usaha kuliner dikreasikan dengan konsep plesetan untuk memikat calon konsumen. Penelitian difokuskan pada kajian konsep spanduk usaha kuliner Es Kelapa Muda di jalan Godean Yogyakarta. Tiga usaha kuliner tersebut memiliki keterkaitan konsep plesetan antar usahanya. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menemukan ragam retorika visual plesetan lokal serta menggali konsep plesetan menurut konseptornya. Metode penelitian etnografi digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan konsep plesetan sebagaimana adanya dari sudut pandang atau perspektif konseptornya sendiri. Dilakukan interaksi yang intens melalui observasi lapangan, kajian kepustakaan serta wawancara mendalam (indepth interview untuk mendapatkan data penelitian. Simpulan wawancara dianalisis dengan teori pembentukan bahasa plesetan, dan teori retorika visual untuk mengungkap ragam retorika visual plesetan beserta motif kemunculannya. Dari hasil penelitian ditemukan ragam/bentuk retorika visual plesetan lokal media promosi spanduk usaha kuliner Es Kelapa Muda, beserta motif kemunculan nama plesetannya. Kata Kunci: Plesetan, Retorika Visual, Kuliner

  7. RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI PEMBELAJARAN AGAMA ISLAM UNTUK ANAK-ANAK BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF DAN WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idhawati Hestiningsih

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Saat ini pembelajaran agama Islam untuk anak-anak semakin diutamakan. Orang tua dituntut untuk mengenalkan sejak dini pada anak tentang ajaran Islam. Dengan perkembangan internet yang telah memasuki aspek kehidupan manusia di berbagai sektor, anak-anak kini sudah tidak asing dengan internet. Situs web di internet memiliki konten yang jauh lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan buku cetak biasa sehingga situs web dapat menjadi media pembelajaran interaktif yang disukai oleh anak-anak. Tujuan dibuatnya media pembelajaran agama Islam untuk anak-anak berbasis multimedia interaktif dan web diantaranya adalah memberikan kemudahan bagi anak-anak dalam mendapatkan dan pengaksesan suatu informasi tentang agama Islam yang disampaikan secara terstruktur dan konsisten dalam format teks, gambar, grafik, video animasi dan suara yang dikemas dalam satu paket situs web multimedia. Aplikasi yang diberi nama Anak Sholeh ini dibangun menggunakan Adobe Flex dan Zend Frameworks dengan database MySQL dan PHP sebagai bahasa pemrogramannya. Aplikasi diuji untuk mengetahui stabilitas, aksesibilitas, dan koneksitas sistem serta tingkat kepuasan pengguna. Dari hasil pengujian aplikasi ini dapat diakses dengan peramban web Mozilla, Opera, Safari, IE, dan Chrome dan layak diterapkan sebagai panduan dalam media pembelajaran Islami untuk anak-anak

  8. RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI PEMBELAJARAN AGAMA ISLAM UNTUK ANAK-ANAK BERBASIS MULTIMEDIA INTERAKTIF DAN WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idhawati Hestiningsih

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Saat ini pembelajaran agama Islam untuk anak-anak semakin diutamakan. Orang tua dituntut untuk mengenalkan sejak dini pada anak tentang ajaran Islam. Dengan perkembangan internet yang telah memasuki aspek kehidupan manusia di berbagai sektor, anak-anak kini sudah tidak asing dengan internet. Situs web di internet memiliki konten yang jauh lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan buku cetak biasa sehingga situs web dapat menjadi media pembelajaran interaktif yang disukai oleh anak-anak. Tujuan dibuatnya media pembelajaran agama Islam untuk anak-anak berbasis multimedia interaktif dan web diantaranya adalah memberikan kemudahan bagi anak-anak dalam mendapatkan dan pengaksesan suatu informasi tentang agama Islam yang disampaikan secara terstruktur dan konsisten dalam format teks, gambar, grafik, video animasi dan suara yang dikemas dalam satu paket situs web multimedia. Aplikasi yang diberi nama Anak Sholeh ini dibangun menggunakan Adobe Flex dan Zend Frameworks dengan database MySQL dan PHP sebagai bahasa pemrogramannya. Aplikasi diuji untuk mengetahui stabilitas, aksesibilitas, dan koneksitas sistem serta tingkat kepuasan pengguna. Dari hasil pengujian aplikasi ini dapat diakses dengan peramban web Mozilla, Opera, Safari, IE, dan Chrome dan layak diterapkan sebagai panduan dalam media pembelajaran Islami untuk anak-anak

  9. From Climate Antagonists to Low-Carbon Protagonists? The Changing Role of the Gulf OPEC States in the UNICEF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Micaelowa, Axel; Luomi, Mari

    2012-07-01

    Surging domestic energy consumption in the Gulf region is increasingly threatening oil and gas export revenues. The United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are initiating multiple experiments to improve energy efficiency and introduce renewable energy, prompting the emergence of new domestic actors. Still, the legacy of rentierism hinders many of these efforts.The former antagonistic stance of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states in the international climate regime is being replaced by cautious signals of a more constructive engagement, such as in the willingness of Qatar to host COP 18.The resulting opportunities for constructive and innovative dialogues should not be wasted, and premature statements from Northern governments predicting a failure for COP 18 might be counterproductive. Climate diplomacy should instead try to strengthen the position of those groups in favour of new domestic energy policies.Technical support for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) pilot projects in the GCC by the EU and other progressive countries in the climate regime could serve as a catalyst for creating sustained synergies between new energy and climate policies in the region.(Author)

  10. KOMPROMI DAN INTERSEKSIONALITAS GENDER DALAM PEMBERIAN MAHAR: TRADISI AMPA COI NDAI PADA SUKU MBOJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atun Wardatun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Ampa Co’i Ndai is a practiced tradition among Suku Mbojo[1] (Bimanese ethnic where the resource of bride-payment is from the brides, wholly or partially, but it is named after the groom during the declaration of marriage contract. The tradition is, usually, applicable if the social, economic, and/or educational status of brides are higher than that of grooms. Whereas, the ideal expectation of culture and religious norms position men as superior human beings. Gender analysis observes that the tradition is a compromise of the ideal expectation and the real fact of gender relation. In the gender intersectionality’s view, the tradition shows that the male-female relationship should not only be explained merely based on the sexual differences but should be examined comprehensively along with other social categories such as economic, social and educational status. Gender status should be seen as a cross-cutting issue which is inseparable with multi identities of human being. [1]Suku Mbojo adalah nama Suku bagi orang Bima (penduduk bagian paling Timur Nusatenggara Barat dan terletak di pulau Sumbawa.

  11. Ultraviolet Radiation Emissions and Illuminance in Different Brands of Compact Fluorescent Lamps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahram Safari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Replacing incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs, which are three to six times more efficient, is one of the easiest methods to achieve energy efficiency. The present study aimed to evaluate relationships between UV emissions radiated and illuminance CFLs. Material and Methods. This pilot study was conducted on 16 single envelope CFLs. The illuminance and UV irradiance of various types of CFLs are measured on a three-meter long optical bench, using a calibrated lux meter and UV meter, and measurement was done in 10, 25, 50, 100, 150, and 200 cm, in three angles, including 0°, 45°, and 90°, at the ages of 0, 100, and 2000 hours. Result. UVC irradiance was not observed at the distance of 10 cm in all of lamps. The lowest value of UVB irradiance was recorded in Pars Khazar lamp, while the highest value was recorded in Etehad lamps. UVR values measured at different times showed negligible differences; the highest asset value was detected in zero times. One way ANOVA indicated that relationships between UVA irradiance and illuminance were significant (P<0.05. Conclusion. UVB irradiance in most of the lamp in 10 and 25 cm was more than occupational exposure and UVA except for the fact that Pars Khazar 60 watts and Nama Noor 60 watts were less than occupational exposure.

  12. EFEKTIVITAS PEMANFAATAN PUPUK BOKASI, CASTING DAN PUPUK GENDONING (LARVA KUMBANG KELAPA/Orcyctes rhinoceros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    lianah l

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Kotoran hewan dan sampah organik dapat mencemari di lingkungan air, udara dan  tanah. Penelitian ini bertu- juan untuk membandingkn keefektifan antara pupuk gen- doning dan pupuk bokashi. Proses pengomposan dapat dipercepat dengan bantuan aktifator EM4 (Efektif Mik- roorganisme. Proses pengomposan tersebut juga dapat melibatkan hewan lain yaitu Cacing tanah dan larva kum- bang kelapa (Orcyctes rhinoceros yang disebut dengan nama gendon (bahasa Jawa yang bekerja sama dengan mikroba dalam proses dekomposer. Gendon dalam hal ini memakan bahan organik yang tidak terurai, mencampur bahan organik dan membuat lubang-lubang aerasi. Keha- diran gendon dapat mempercepat penghancuran bahan or- ganik karena mempunyai mulut yang tajam sebagai mesin pencacah sampah organik. Metode penelitian eksperimen sampah organik ditreatmen yaitu dengan menggunakan EM4, dan dengan menggunakan gendon. Peruraian oleh EM4 disebut pupuk Bokashi. Sedang keterlibatan gendon dalam proses pengomposan menghasilkan butir-butir kecil berwarna hitam dinamakan pupuk Gendoning (penemuan pribadi. Dari kedua pupuk tersebut dipraktekan untuk menanam labu air (Lagenaria leucantha. Dari experimen tersebut dapat diketahui bahwa pupuk gendoning ini ter- bukti lebih efektif dan efisien dari pupuk bokashi, karena gendon mampu melakukan dekomposisi lebih sempurna dari EM4. Dekomposisi tersebut dilakukan baik secara me- kanik maupun secara enzimatis. Pupuk gendoning adalah hasil bioteknologi sederhana yang dapat menjadi alternatif dalam mengatasi kelangkaan pupuk, sebagai pupuk organ- ik yang efektif dan efisien serta bernilai ekonomis sebagai.

  13. Premarital fertility in Namibia: trends, factors and consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garenne, Michel; Zwang, Julien

    2006-03-01

    Premarital fertility, defined as fertility before first marriage, was found to be highly prevalent in Namibia. According to data from the 1992 and 2000 DHS surveys, the proportion of premarital births was 43% for all births, and 60% for the first birth. This seemed to be primarily due to a late mean age at first marriage (26.4 years) and low levels of contraception before first marriage. Data were analysed using a variety of demographic methods, including multiple decrement life table and multivariate logistic models. Major variations were found by ethno-linguistic groups: Herero and Nama/Damara had the highest levels of premarital fertility (above 60%); Ovambo and Lozi had intermediate levels of premarital fertility (around 40%); Kavongo and San appeared to have kept a more traditional behaviour of early marriage and low levels of premarital fertility (around 20%). The largest ethno-linguistic group, the Ovambo, were in a special situation, with fast increasing age at marriage and average level of premarital fertility. Whites and mixed races also differed, with Afrikaans-speaking groups having a behaviour closer to the average, whereas other Europeans had less premarital fertility despite an average age at marriage. Ethnic differences remained stable after controlling for various socioeconomic factors, such as urbanization, level of education, wealth, access to mass media, and religion. Results are discussed in light of the population dynamics and political history of Namibia in the 20th century.

  14. POTENSI TAMAN NASIONAL BOGANI NANI WARTABONE, PERMASALAHAN DAN KONSERVASI PADA TINGKAT PENGEMBANGAN DAN PENGAWASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Femmy Roosje Kawuwung

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Taman Nasional Bogani Nani Wartabone sebelumnya bernama Dumoga Bone. Nani Wartabone seorang pahlawan yang terkenal di daerah Gorontalo, untuk mengenang pahlawan tersebut maka namanya diabadikan pada nama Taman Nasional. Pada tahun 1982 luas 300.000 hektar dinyatakan Menteri Pertanian. Ditunjuk Menteri Kehutanan, SK No. 731/Kpts-II/1992 luas 287.115 hektar. Propinsi Gorontalo dengan ketinggian tempat 50 – 2.000 meter dpl. Posisi 1o– 4o LS, 120o – 124o BT. Permasalahan; terjadinya fragmentasi, perladangan berpindah, pertanian, illegal logging, pemukiman, pertambangan, dan pencurian spesies flora dan fauna. Tujuan mengetahui potensi Taman Nasional Bogani Nani Wartabone, permasalahan dan upaya konservasi.Potensi Taman Nasional Bogani Nani Wartabone adalah; Flora terdiri dari 400 jenis pohon, 241 jenis tumbuhan tinggi, 120 jenis efifit dan terdapat 24 jenis anggrek. Tumbuhan endemik yaitu; palem matayangan, kayu hitam dan bunga bangkai(Amophaphallus compamulatus. Tumbuhan yang umum adalah cempaka, kenanga, agates, dan tanaman hias.Taman Nasional Bogani Nani Wartabone memiliki 24 jenis mamalia, 64 jenis aves, 11 jenis reptile. Mamalia (satwa endemik : monyet hitam/yaki (Macaca nigra, Monyet Dumoga Bone, babirusa, kelelawar bone, kus-kus besar (Palanger ursinus, anoa kecil (B.quarlesi. Di Taman Nasional Bogani Nani Wartabone tercatat 200 – 225 jenis burung. Reptil : ular kobra, king kobra (N. hammah, ular belang, katak pohon (Rhacophorus monticola, ikan : ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio, bekicot (Achatina fulica. Upaya konservasi adalah pada tingkat pengembangan dan pengawasan. Dalam upaya konservasi harus ada kerja sama dari pemerintah dan masyarakat sekitar kawasan.

  15. PEMBONCENGAN REPUTASI (PASSING OFF TERHADAP PEMILIK MEREK TERDAFTAR DI INDONESIA DITINJAU DARI SEGI PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora Quintina

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Pada era globalisasi seperti saat ini, setiap individu pastinya tidak luput dari penggunaan merek.  Sejauh ini, banyak sekali definisi mengenai merek, tergantung pada pola pikir dan latar belakang pendidikan pendefinisi merek tersebut. Definisi sederhana mengenai merek, bahwa merek dihubungkan dengan identifikasi sebuah produk dan yang membedakan merek tersebut adalah bentuk pemakaiannya, logo spesifik, desain khusus, tanda, dan simbol visual lainnya.  Derfinisi.  Di Indonesia, definisi merek dapat kita lihat dari Undang-Undang Merek Nomor 15 Tahun 2001 tentang Merek, yang mengatakan bahwa “tanda yang berupa gambar, nama, kata, huruf-huruf, angka-angka, susunan warna, atau kombinasi dari unsur-unsur tersebut yang memiliki daya beda dan digunakan dalam kegiatan perdagangan barang atau jasa”. Selain telah memproduk Undang-Undang yang berkaitan dengan merek, Indonesiajuga sadar akan perlindungan atas Merek secara khusus dan Hak Kekayaan Intelektual secara umum.  Kesadaran ini dilihat dari partisipasi Indonesiadalam meratifikasi beberapa konvensi internasional mengenai Hak Kekayaan Intelektual, antara lain Paris Convention, WTO dengan TRIPs nya dan Trade Mark Law Treaty. Namun walau telah aktif berpartisipasi dalam beberapa konvensi internasional dalam Hak Kekayaan Intelektual dan sudah beberapa kali memperbaharui Undang-Undang yang berkaitan dengan merek, masih saja banyak terjadi pelanggaran Merek di Indonesia.

  16. Comparison of phonological awareness between children with cochlear implants and children with hearing aids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzad Weisi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Advanced phonological skills are important for the acquisition of reading skills. Children with hearing impairment have reading skills are weaker than others because of auditory inputs and due to the defect in phonological skills. The use of hearing aids and cochlear implants help to collect information on people who are hard of hearing.Material and Methods: This descriptive - analytic study was done on 12 children with cochlear implant and 12 children with hearing aids that was selected from second grades students of Tehran primary schools. Children's phonological performance was assessed by phonological subtests of Nama reading test and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16.Results: The results showed that the means of scores of children with cochlear implants in Rhyme task were significantly greater than the children with hearing aids (P=0.034. But in means of scores of Phone deletion and Nonword reading tasks were not significant different between two groups (P=0.919, P=0.670.Discussion: Cochlear implant with accessibility auditory inputs can facilitated the acquisition of phonological awareness skills in hearing loss children. But whereas the other language inputs such as sight and touch input helped to developing these skills, children with hearing aids too also can acquisition these skills.

  17. Case Study: Indigenous Knowledge and Data Sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cameron Neylon

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The IDRC-funded project 'Empowering Indigenous Peoples and Knowledge Systems Related to Climate Change and Intellectual Property Rights' is part of the Open and Collaborative Science in Development Network (OCSDNet. The project “examiners processes of open and collaborative science related to indigenous peoples’ knowledge, climate change and intellectual property rights”. Natural Justice, the lead organisation has a strong ethical stance on the agency and control over knowledge being vested with the contributing project participants, communities of the Nama and Griqua peoples of the Western Cape of South Africa. The project focuses on questions of how climate change is affecting these communities, how do they produce and maintain knowledge relating to climate change, how that knowledge is characterised and shared (or not with wider publics, and how legal frameworks promote or hinder the agenda of these indigenous communities and their choices to communicate and collaborate with wider publics. Indigenous Knowledge is an area where ethical issues of informed consent, historical injustice, non-compatible epistemologies and political, legal, and economic issues all collide in ways that challenge western and Anglo-American assumptions about data sharing. The group seeks to strongly model and internally critique their own ethical stance in the process of their research, through for instance, using community contracts and questioning institutional informed consent systems.

  18. SISTEM INFORMASI REALISASI BEBAN KERJA SALES DAN MARKETING BERBASIS WEB DENGAN PERMODELAN UML (STUDY KASUS: LKP PALCOMTECH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dini Hari Pertiwi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Sebuah website sudah mulai banyak digunakan oleh organisasi atau perusahaan dengan tujuan sebagai media komunikasi, promosi atau bahkan menjadi media transaksi bagi perusahaan tersebut. Karena banyaknya kemampuan yang dimiliki oleh sebuah website maka perusahaan mulai banyak memanfaatkan website untuk kebutuhan yang lainnya, salah satu pemanfaatan website yaitu digunakan untuk pemantauan target kerja yang dilakukan oleh bagian sales dan marketing. Pembagian target kerja akan langsung dibagi berdasarkan potensi cabang masing-masing sehingga kepala cabang, koordinator cabang dapat langsung melakukan pemantauan terhadap capaian yang dilakukan oleh sales dan marekting terhadapt target yang diberikan. Karena website yang dapat menjadi media komunikasi pemcapaian realisasi target kerja maka website dibuat dengan menggunakan permodelan UML (Unified Modeling Language untuk memudahkan jika suatu saat akan dilakukan pengembangan sistem informasi realisasi beban kerja sales dan marketing. Sistem informasi realisasi beban kerja sales dan marketing akan menyimpan informasi target untuk masing-masing cabang, nama produk yang akan dipromosikan, serta akan menyimpan data konsumen dan capaian yang dilakukan oleh sales dan marketing. Realisasi pencapaian dapat langsung dilihat melalui dashboard masing-masing kepala cabang dan koordinator cabang sehingga tidak perlu menunggu laporan yang dikirimkan oleh masing-masing sales dan marketing. Sistem informasi realisasi beban kerja sales dan marketing ini dibuat dengan menggunakan bahasa pemrograman Framework PHP yaitu  codeigniter sedangkan database yang digunakan adalah MySQL.

  19. Penciptaan Teater Tubuh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Supartono

    2017-03-01

    ABSTRAK   Proses penciptaan teater tubuh merupakan penawaran pembaharuan teater dengan menggarap dan mengolah tubuh, yang menjadi kunci utama produksi teater. Paper ini mengajukan rancangan untuk menawarkan pikiran-pikiran baru, pikiran-pikiran alternatif. Penciptaan teater tubuh adalah proses latihan tubuh dengan kesadaran tubuh sebagai gagasan atau tubuh itu sendiri sebagai ide, proses belajar pada tubuh sehingga mendapat kesadaran gerak-gerak yang dilahirkan oleh tubuh. Proses latihannya penulis memberi nama “interogasi tubuh aktor ”, yaitu proses membongkar dan mempertanyakan kembali persoalan tubuh aktor. Penciptaan teater tubuh menawarkan pandangan baru tentang tubuh yang bukan sekedar media ungkap tetapi tubuh itu sendiri mandiri sebagai sebuah identitas. Tubuh dipandang sebagai fenomena yang berdiri sendiri tetapi sekaligus melakukan relasi dengan lingkungan: jalan, bangunan, kendaraan, orang-orang dan bahkan seluruh masyarakat dan ideologinya yang sedang dominan. Dengan demikian penciptaan teater tubuh adalah proses teater yang utuh antara aktor   dan bahasatubuh sekaligus relasinya dengan masyarakat.   Kata kunci : teater, tubuh, interogasi tubuh, ruang publik.

  20. Foreign criteria and programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swinth, K.L.; Thompson, I.M.G.

    1993-03-01

    The concept of measurement quality assurance (MQA) as embodied in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) programs is not generally used within European programs for testing or accreditation. Although the essential elements of quality control and quality assurance are in the European programs, the concept of testing the capability of the laboratory itself, in terms of its performance for the designated measurements, may not be included. Rather, the European programs use the concept of periodic calibration of laboratory reference standards against the next highest level of standards. Thus, they embody the concept of measurement traceability to appropriate primary standards. Within Europe a series of calibration accreditation programs has been established in the various countries tied together through a multilateral agreement. The radiation measurement programs are based on the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9000 series of standards. The purpose of this paper is to outline the overall operation of European Accreditation Programs in the radiation calibration and measurement areas. The operation of the radiation measurement programs of the National Measurement Accreditation Service (NAMAS) in the United Kingdom is described in detail along with other European programs. The manner in which these programs relate to individual dosimetry service programs is also described

  1. QuickASP: PEMBANGKIT KODE PROGRAM ASP UNTUK APLIKASI BASIS DATA BERBASIS WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Kuswardayan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam pembuatan sistem aplikasi basis data berbasis web, perancangan antarmuka pengguna (presentation layer dan lapisan bisnis (bussiness layer merupakan tahap yang dilalui setelah pemahaman terhadap kebutuhan pengguna sistem. Adanya pola atau keteraturan dalam implementasi tahap ini menyebabkan pengembangan sistem akan lebih efisien jika menggunakan suatu aplikasi yang dapat menghasilkan kerangka dasar aplikasi web dengan cepat untuk kedua lapisan tersebut dan bahkan beserta kode programnya. Pada penelitian ini telah diimplementasikan suatu perangkat lunak yang selanjutnya disebut QuickASP. QuickASP membangkitkan kode ASP untuk membangun  homepage otomatis. Untuk membangkitkan kode ASP, QuickASP membutuhkan komponen berupa basis data dan file Cascading Style Sheets (CSS. Proses awal yang dilakukan QuickASP dalam membangkitkan kode program ASP adalah membaca informasi basis data berupa tabel-tabel, nama field dan tipe data. Setelah itu QuickASP akan membangkitkan file-file ASP beserta file-file pendukungnya berdasarkan hasil pengaturan tampilan halaman web yang dilakukan oleh pengguna.Uji coba QuickASP dilakukan pada tiga jenis basis data yaitu Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, dan Oracle. Dari hasil uji coba tersebut, QuickASP terbukti dapat membangkitkan homepage otomatis beserta fungsi–fungsi yang disediakan untuk modifikasi record dan fungsi navigasi.Kata kunci: QuickASP, file cascading style sheets, kode program ASP.

  2. Aplikasi Sistem Kalender Bali Berbasis Mobile Application Pada Blackberry Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ngurah Putu Wiara Prayana Destra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kalender adalah suatu sistem pemberian nama pada sebuah periode waktu. Penamaan atas periode waktu ini bisa didasarkan dari gerakan-gerakan benda angkasa seperti matahari dan bulan atau perjanjian/persetujuan. Kalender Bali atau Kalendar Caka Bali sangat penting dalam kehidupan sosial budaya Masyarakat Bali. Beberapa hari suci seperti Hari Raya Nyepi dan Siwaratri ditetapkan berdasarkan Kalender Caka, begitu pula dengan Piodalan Pura di Bali.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang pemodelan dan membangun sebuah Sistem Informasi Kalender Bali berbasis Blackberry yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan pencarian informasi berdasarkan perhitungan pawukuan Bali.Perancangan dilakukan dengan metode perangkat pemodelan sistem serta penelusuran algoritma perhitungan wewaran, purnama, tilem dan sasih dari sejumlah pustaka Kalender Bali. Analisa dilakukan dengan menguji perhitungan wewaran, sasih, purnama tilem, pencarian Tanggal Masehi, pencarian otonan, pencarian wuku, pencarian hari raya. Hasil analisa mendapatkan ketepatan hasil perhitungan wewaran, sasih, purnama tilem, pencarian Tanggal Masehi, pencarian otonan, pencarian wuku yang dapat diakses dengan mudah melalui Blackberry. Kata kunci : Kalender Bali, Blackberry, Wewaran

  3. Aplikasi Kalender Bali Berbasis Mobile Application pada Android Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Ayu Putri Pradnyani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kalender adalah suatu sistem pemberian nama pada sebuah periode waktu. Kalender Bali atau Kalendar Caka Bali sangat penting dalam kehidupan sosial budaya masyarakat Bali. Beberapa hari suci seperti Hari Raya Nyepi dan Siwaratri ditetapkan berdasarkan Kalender Caka. Aplikasi Kalender Bali berbasis mobile application pada android platform ini diciptakan untuk dapat membantu masyarakat yang memerlukan dalam menentukan waktu yang sudah lampau, waktu sekarang, dan waktu yang akan datang dengan bantuan komputer. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang pemodelan dan membangun sebuah Aplikasi Kalender Bali berbasis Android yang dapat digunakan untuk melihat informasi penanggalan bali, hari raya, hari nasional, otonan berdasarkan perhitungan Kalender Caka Bali. Perancangan diakukan dengan metode perangkat pemodelan sistem serta penelusuran algoritma perhitungan wewarigan, purnama, tilem dan sasih dari sejumlah pustaka Kalender Bali.Analisa dilakukan dengan menguji perhitungan wewaran, sasih, purnama, tilem, pencarian otonan yang dapat di akses dengan mudah melalui Android.Untuk meningkatkan kehandalan informasi, diperlukan adanya penelitian dan pengembangan lebih lanjut yang dapat menghasilkan pencarian padewasaan dan penentuan tanggal padewasaan terbaik pada Android.   Kata kunci: Kalender Bali, Hindu, Android, Mobile.

  4. RANCANG BANGUN ALAT DEHYDRATOR BIOETANOL UNTUK MENGHASILKAN FUEL GRADE ETHANOL (FGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochmad Winarso

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Bioethanol merupakan salah satu bahan bakar alternatif dengan sumber bahan baru yang dapat diperbarui. Bioethanol dapat menjadi bahan bakar alternatif bila mempunyai konsentrasi lebih dari 99% yang dikenal dengan nama Fuel Grade Ethanol. Proses pembuatan Fuel Grade Ethanol menggunakan metode pemisahan lanjut diantaranya adalah dengan metode distilasi azeotrop, pervorasi membran, dan adsorbsi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melakukan pengujian mesin dehydrator bioethanol yang bekerja dengan metode absorbsi. Mesin dehydrator ini menggunakan zeolit syntetis dengan ukuran 3 A yang sebelumnya telah dikembangkan. Pengembangan ini dilakukan melalui tiga tahapan, yaitu: (1 Tahap perancangan (desain alat dehydrator biorthanol; (2 Tahap pembuatan alat dehydrator berdasarkan spesifikasi yang telah ditetapkan ; (3 Pengujian alat dehydrator yang berorientasi hasil yaitu bioetanol minimal berkadar sekitar 99%. Mesin destilator bioetanol yang telah dikembangkan mempunya spesifikasi sebagai berikut: dimensi tangki bahan baku tingginya adalah 250 mm dengan diameter 300 mm, Bagian tabung I terbuat dari pipa stainless steel dengan diameter 100 mm dan tinggi 600 mm. Tebal dari pipa tersebut adalah 2 mm. Tabung II terbuat dari stainless steel yang mempunyai diamater 100 mm dan tinggi 300 mm dengan ketebalan 2 mm. Kondensor berdiameter 100 mm dan tinggi 600 mm. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa mesin yang sudah dikembangkan ini mampu menghasilkan Fuel Grade Ethanol dengan kadar lebih dari 99%. Kata kunci: dehydrator, bioethanol, fuel grade ethanol, bahan bakar alternatif.

  5. APLIKASI PEMBAYARAN MENGGUNAKAN KARTU ISI ULANG (STUDI KASUS: STORE UNIVERSITAS KLABAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktoverano Lengkong

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Store Universitas Klabat adalah tempat di mana barang-barang keperluan sehari-hari dijual. Semua warga Universitas Klabat, baik mahasiswa, dosen dan staf membeli barang-barang keperluan mereka ditempat ini. Berdasarkan hal ini, penulis berinisiatif untuk membuat suatu aplikasi untuk melakukan pembayaran dengan menggunakan PVC card di store Universitas Klabat yang menghubungkan antara kasir dengan customer.  Peneliti kemudian mendefinisikan PVC card yang akan digunakan dengan nama Store card, Store card adalah kartu yang nantinya dapat memproses dan menghasilkan informasi untuk digunakan dalam aplikasi yang dibuat. Dalam pembuatan aplikasi pembayaran ini, penulis menggunakan barcode scanner sebagai alat yang digunakan untuk membaca kode barang, yang nantinya akan ditaruh pada Store card. Bahasa pemrograman C#.NET dan sistem management  database MySQL. Penulis menggunakan pendekatan berbasis objek dengan UML (Unified Modelling Language untuk menganalisa dan desain aplikasi.  Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah sebuah aplikasi untuk mengatur transaksi pembayaran, tanpa menggunakan uang cash, melainkan menggunakan store card.

  6. A review of Khoi-San and Cape Dutch medical ethnobotany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wyk, B-E

    2008-10-28

    ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Cape herbal medicine as a distinct and unique healing system is conceptualized for the first time, together with a first compilation of the authentic materia medica of the system. The early literature on Khoikhoi (Hottentot), San (Bushman) and Cape Dutch medicinal plants and medical practices is reviewed, with a focus on the Cape Floristic Region (from Namaqualand to the Eastern Cape). To avoid recent additions and modern cultural influences in the results, the date of publication of the last volume of Marloth's Flora of South Africa (1932) was chosen as a cut-off date. The recorded Cape materia medica (up to 1932) is briefly summarized, giving the scientific names, vernacular names (in Afrikaans or Khoi-San/Nama) and main uses. It comprises about 170 items and includes mainly indigenous and endemic plant species, some exotic (garden) plants, and a few other items (fungi, seaweeds, lichens, hyraceum and natural potassium nitrate). Most of the plants (and hyraceum) are still widely used today, especially in rural areas. The combination of unique cultural practices and a diverse, highly endemic flora has led to the development of a distinct herbal healing system, here called Cape herbal medicine, but hitherto rather vaguely and inaccurately referred to as Khoi-San medicine, Cape Dutch medicine or boererate (farm remedies). The data allows for a more informed consideration of indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights associated with particular plants (e.g. Hoodia and Pelargonium). It also offers opportunities for linking modern ethnobotanical field studies with historical data.

  7. Molecular breeding of the Mureka-non-forming sake koji mold from Aspergillus oryzae by the disruption of the mreA gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubodera, Takafumi; Yamashita, Nobuo; Nishimura, Akira

    2003-01-01

    Mureka-non-forming sake koji molds were constructed from an Aspergillus oryzae industrial strain by the disruption of the mreA gene using a host-vector system with the ptrA gene as a dominant selectable marker. All of the mreA gene disruptants obtained retained the advantages of the host strain in terms of the brewing characteristics, while their isoamyl alcohol oxidase (IAAOD) activities were significantly lower than that of the host strain. Sake brewing was successfully carried out using the koji prepared with the disruptants, followed by storage of the resultant non-pasteurized sake (nama-shu). The isovaleraldehyde (i-Val) concentration in the sake brewed the host strain increased rapidly and reached the threshold values for mureka, 1.8 ppm and 2.6 ppm after storage at 20 degrees C for 42 d and 63 d, respectively, while those of the disruptants were less than 0.5 ppm even after storage at 20 degrees C or 30 degrees C for 63 d. In the sensory evaluation of the sake stored at 20 degrees C or 30 degrees C for 63 d, all members of the panel recognized the strong mureka flavor of the sake brewed with the host strain, while they did not detect this flavor in the sake brewed with the disruptants. Thus, we concluded that the mreA gene disruptants can be used for the production of sake in which mureka is not formed.

  8. ÖRGÜTSEL YAŞAMDA DEDİKODUNUN ALGILANIŞI VE ARAÇSALLIĞI

    OpenAIRE

    LEBLEBİCİ, Doğan Nadi; YILDIZ, Hasan Hüseyin; KARASOY, Alpay

    2009-01-01

    Sosyal hayatta genellikle olumsuz bir anlam yüklenen dedikodu örgütsel yaşamda varlığı inkar edilemez bir gerçektir. Dedikodu, “konusu çekiştirme ya da kınama olan konuşma” şeklinde tanımlanmaktadır. Oysa örgütsel yaşamda, dedikodu, informal iletişim biçimi de dahil olmak üzere farklı biçimlerde algılanabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada bir yüksek öğretim kurumunda dedikodunun bireylerin kavrama ilişkin genel algısı ve örgütsel yaşamdaki araçsallığına ilişkin algıları sorgulanmıştır. Toplam 19 soruda...

  9. LEGISLASI MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DALAM PUTUSAN MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI NOMOR: 46/PUU-VIII/2010 DITINJAU DARI TEORI HUKUM HANS KELSEN TENTANG KONSTITUSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subroto Subroto

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK: Legeslasi kewenangan Mahkamah Konstitusi (disingkat MK adalah sebagai berikut : (1 menguji undang-undang terhadap UUD NRI Th.1945; (2 memutus sengketa kewenangan lembaga Negara yang kewenangannya diberikan oleh UUD NRI Th.1945; (3 memutus pembubaran partai politik; dan (4 memutus perselisihan tentang hasil pemilihan umum. Dari legislasi MK tersebut, penulis tertarik untuk melihat sejauh mana legislasi MK dalam membuat suatu putusan berdasarkan teori hukum yang dikemukakan oleh Hans Kelsen, mengenai konstitusi. Pemikiran Kelsen, mendorong dibentuknya suatu lembaga yang diberi nama Verfassungsgerichtshoft atau MK (Constitutional Court yang berdiri sendiri di luar Mahkamah Agung, sering disebut The Kelsenian Model. Adanya putusan MK No. 46/PUU-VIII/2010, merupakan suatu produk hukum yang dikeluarkan oleh Mahkamah Konstitusi. Dari putusan tersebut, akan dianalisis berkaitan dengan dasar hukum dan pertimbangan hukum yang digunakan MK dalam memutus perkara telah sesuai dengan teori hukum yang dikemukakan oleh Hans Kelsen dalam teori konstitusinya atau belum dan tentang legislasi MK dalam membuat putusan tersebut berdasarkan teori hukum Hans Kelsan. Kata kunci : konstitusi, Hans Kelsen,

  10. PENCEGAHAN KECURANGAN (FRAUD DALAM PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM JAMINAN KESEHATAN PADA SISTEM JAMINAN SOSIAL KESEHATAN (SJSN (Studi di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Menggala Tulang Bawang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatik Sri Hartati

    2017-05-01

    Abstrak Sistem pencegahan penipuan JKN di rumah sakit Menggala sebagai Sarana Rujukan Kesehatan Lanjutan (FKRTL. Dengan menciptakan Penipuan Pencegahan Tim, berdasarkan Keputusan Direktur Rumah Sakit Menggala dengan SK No. 800/876/III.12/TB/IX/2015 tentang Tim Pencegahan Penipuan. Salah satu kegiatan tugas tim adalah melakukan pencegahan, deteksi dan penuntutan penipuan JKN. Sistem ini telah dibangun dalam upaya untuk Mencegah rumah sakit Menggala JKN sesuai dengan Surat Keputusan oleh menteri kesehatan Nomor 36 Tahun 2015. Kemudian, keluhan System atau laporan kecurangan di rumah sakit Format Menggala JKN dilakukan dengan menulis ditujukan kepada Penipuan yang Tim pencegahan. Keluhan atau laporan dugaan penipuan JKN, harus Terdiri dari setidaknya meliputi: identitas pelapor, nama dan alamat lembaga yang diduga aksi penipuan JKN lakukan, dan alasan untuk keluhan. Dalam hal terjadi jika ada ketidaksepakatan pada penentuan apakah ada JKN penipuan atau tidak, Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi atau Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten / Kota dapat meneruskan keluhan untuk pencegahan penipuan tim JKN didirikan oleh Menteri.   Kata Kunci: Kecurangan, Pencegahan, Keluhan.

  11. PENGATURAN PASSING OFF DALAM PENGGUNAAN DOMAIN NAME TERKAIT DENGAN MEREK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herti Yunita Putri

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In cyber world we often hear about domain name’s term. Domain name is a unique name to identify the server computer’s name like a web server or email server on a computer network or Internet. Passing off also make causes confusion in using merk from a famous brand or merk on the goods and services. Selected domain name in the internet media often creates the similar domain name with the other parties. This similar domain name are often used by people who are not responsible to take advantages of the domain name for themself. This can be caused by the presence of competition from Internet media business. This things called passing off. This research is a normative juridical research with a qualitative analysis. The legal materials include primary legal, secondary law and tertiary legal materials. Collection technique applied is literary study. Legal materials were analyzed to see the argument implementation of the definition of merk, the definition of domain name, definition of passing off, passing off in use related by merk and domain name and the rules of law in Indonesia related by merk, domain name and passing off. Big wishes in the future it can assist as a basic reference and legal considerations which are useful in Indonesian law practice. There are two passing off related to the merk and domain name, called Crybersquatting and Tiposquatting. Domain name rules are not regulated clearly in merk regulation named Act No. 15 of 2001. It regulated in PP 24 Year 1993 about The Class List of Goods or Services In Merk, Telecommunications are included in the goods or services in merk. Domain name are regulated in UDRP (Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy with competent institutions called ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. Dalam dunia maya (cyber world, kita sering mendengar istilah domain name. Domain name adalah nama unik yang diberikan untuk mengidentifikasi nama server komputer seperti web server atau email server di

  12. MEDIA KONSULTASI ONLINE SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF UPAYA PENANGANAN MASALAH REMAJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ira Mirawati

    2016-05-01

    agar media konsultasi online tersebut menggunakan nama yang dekat dengan kehidupan remaja, bukan  nama formal yang mencerminkan kelembagaan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut, maka peneliti kemudian mengembangkan www.sobatmu.com sebagai media konsultasi online untuk pada remaja. Kata kunci: Media Konsultasi Online, Bimbingan Konseling, Masalah Remaja Abstract. Nowadays, teenagers need for career guidance and counseling are increasing, along with the diversity of their problems. In the schools and universities, the need for consultation has also increased, especially since the University entrance examination using Seleksi Nasional Masuk Perguruan Tinggi (SNMPTN known as “school path entrance”. The problem is, for various reasons, not all teenagers can reveal or consult their problems using face to face communication easily. On the other hand social media user among adolescents increased rapidly. The latest data from Indonesian Internet Service Provider Association (APJII, indicate that 49% from 88.1 million Indonesian internet users are adolescent. Therefore, it is the right step for us to provide online consultation media which can help them to consult the problems, anytime and anywhere. This research objectives are to describe the teenagers need of online consultation media, and develop its prototype. The results showed that beside of career guidance, the teenager problems are about friendship, love, family, and financial. Most respondents had posted their problems in social media, just to release the pressure, without expecting feedback from friends or their followers. Almost all respondents are interested to use online consultation service. They hope, the online consultations can be done personally and privately, without the ability of another internet user to read their consultation history. In addition, respondents suggested that online consultation media name using a popular name, close to the life of a teenager, not using a formal name that reflects the

  13. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENILAIAN KINERJA KARYAWAN DAN PEMBERIAN REWARD MENGGUNAKAN ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP DAN FUZZY SYNTHETIC DECISION APPROACH (Studi Kasus : Karyawan Administrasi Universitas Diponegoro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Puspita Sari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penilaian kinerja merupakan proses yang penting dalam sumber daya manusia, karena dari hasil penilaian kinerja akan terukur kompetensi, perilaku kerja dan hasil kerja karyawan dalam periode waktu tertentu sebagai dasar pertimbangan dalam pertimbangan keputusan di bidang sumber daya manusia. Universitas Diponegoro juga melakukan pengukuran kinerja untuk karyawan kontrak, dari hasil penilaian tersebut akan diberikan reward berupa kompensasi langsung yang diberi nama Tunjangan Perbaikan Kinerja (TPK, dan tahun 2014 TPK berubah nama menjadi Tunjangan Perbaikan Penghasilan (TPP. Sistem  penilaian saat ini masih berfokus pada aspek kedisplinan, sehingga hasil yang didapatkan belum seluruhnya menggambarkan kondisi karyawan. Maka dari itu,  disusunlah penilaian kinerja yang terdiri dari 6 kriteria utama dan 19 subkriteria yang dibangun dari model penilain kinerja ”Annual Performance Appraisal-Temporary Employee (Classified or Administrative and Professional University of Texas Dallas”. Dari hasil penelitian pembobotan yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode AHP (Analytichal Hierarchy Process diperoleh bobot untuk kriteia kehadiran/ketepatan waktu (0.248, inisiatif (0.234, tanggung jawab dan ketergantungan (0.194, kualitas kerja(0.139 pengetahuan pekerjaan (0.111 dan hubungan interpersonal (0.075. Lalu dilakukan penilaian dengan pendekatan Fuzzy Synthetic untuk mendapatkan besar TPP. Dari perhitungan TPP yang terbesar ialah terbesar ialah Rp. 979,605,sedangkan TPP yang terkecil Rp.396,000. Besar-kecilnya pemberian TPP dipengaruhi oleh nilai jabatan yang dihasilkan   Kata Kunci : penilaian kinerja; AHP; fuzzy shyntetic decision approach; reward   Abstract Performance appraisal is an important process in human resources, because of the results of the performance appraisal will be measurable competencies, workplace behavior and employee performance within a specified time period as a basis for consideration in the consideration of the decision in

  14. The Digital Exhibition and Keyimage Ontology / Dijital Sergiler ve Anahtar Resim Ontolojisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mícheál Mac an Airchinnigh

    2008-04-01

    fırsat sağlar. Deneysel anahtar resim işaretlemesi yapmak için kullanılan araştırma araçları ana (dijiFoto görüntü Sosyal Uzay sınama ortamı olan Flickr ile yardımcı ikincil Sosyal Uzay sınama ortamı olan De.licio.us’dan oluşmaktadır. OWL-DL (OWL Betimleme Mantığı ile Protégé Editor anahtar resimden biçimsel (formal ontolojiye köprü kurmak için destek sağlar. Başlıca son kullanıcı uygulama alanı bir çevrimiçi sanat galerisindeki tabloların anahtar resim işaretlemesidir.

  15. Towards better GHG emissions savings with use of ISO GHG standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chan Kook Weng

    2010-01-01

    The 15th Conference of Parties (COP 15) at Copenhagen, Denmark in December 2009 highlighted the need to combat climate change by facing the challenge of committing to reducing our emissions at all three levels with locally appropriate mitigation actions (LAMAs) at the local level to be linked to the nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and then contribute onwards to globally appropriate mitigation actions (GAMAs). The aim is to find solutions for both adaptation and mitigation by ensuring sufficient means are made available to support such efforts. This is because the world in entering a new phase that will be characterised by green growth in business. Thus be it agriculture that uses local knowledge of specific crop and livestock varieties to help in secure food supply, bio-energy, transport, industries, there must be policies to understand ecosystem-based to link people, biodiversity, energy, water and carbon so as to be more resilient and adaptable to the need for a low carbon economy in todays society.Climate change therefore affects organisations in many areas and they include legal compliance, carbon market, corporate social responsibility and sustainable development. Promoting sustainability requires making efficient use of energy, water and natural resources, decrease in waste load through recycling and streamlining the processes leading to everything that decreases their CO 2 and water footprints. Currently there are many GHG schemes and programmes and the issues centres around compatibility, costs and most importantly credibility. Achieving real GHG emissions reduction requires controlled and verified emissions reductions and quantification that are sound and verifiable. Thanks to the development of the ISO suite of standards on GHG and related matters, the use of these harmonised standards has given the assurance that a tonne of carbon is a tonne of carbon be it in Malaysia, Mali or Mongolia.The use of these standards like ISO 14064 Part 1

  16. Pengembangan Aplikasi @Webplan untuk Perhitungan Waktu Standar pada Proses Perakitan Manual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Sutanto

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Karya tulis ini berkenaan dengan pengembangan perangkat lunak berbasiskan Web untuk perhitungan waktu kerja standar yang merupakan sebuah modul tambahan pada aplikasi perangkat lunak untuk perancangan sistem kerja berbasiskan Web atau yang diberi nama @WebPlan® yang sudah dikembangkan oleh penulis. @WebPlan ini merupakan integrasi dari beberapa modul untuk perancangan tataletak dan disain stasiun kerja secara virtual 3D. Beberapa modul sudah dirancang sebelumnya yaitu modul untuk visualisasi produk dan strukturnya sehingga dimungkinkan visualisasi yang interaktif untuk proses perakitannya. Sedangkan modul utama dalam @WebPlan ini adalah 3D Facilities Layout dan disain/layout stasiun kerja. Untuk tujuan ini juga sudah dibuat beberapa alat bantu yaitu model manusia 3D untuk beberapa persentil dan beberapa analisa dan checklist ergonomi. Pengembangan aplikasi @WebPlan ini untuk perhitungan waktu standar pada produksi serial merupakan suatu yang sangat diperlukan untuk menentukan waktu total yang diperlukan dalam memproduksi/merakit sebuah produk. Waktu total ini merupakan data penting dalam membuat konfigurasi stasiun kerja untuk pembuatan produk. Metoda Pengukuran waktu perakitan yang dipakai dalam hal ini adalah MTM-UAS (Universal Analysing System yang sangat cocok untuk perakitan manual. Hasil perhitungan waktu proses perakitan ini divalidasi dengan proses perakitan yang sebenarnya dan tidak menunjukkan perbedaan harga yang cukup signifikan. Beberapa kemudahan yang didapat pada metoda ini adalah MTM-UAS menggabungkan beberapa gerakan dan tidak terlalu detail dibandingkan metoda pengukuran waktu lainnya. Akan tetapi memiliki hasil yang cukup mendekati hasil yang sebenarnya. Modul aplikasi perhitungan waktu standar ini merupakan bagian yang diintergrasikan nantinya dalam perancangan tataletak dan stasiun kerja secara virtual 3D

  17. In situ self-polymerization of unsaturated metal methacrylate and its dispersion mechanism in rubber-based composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Shipeng; Zhou, Yao; Yao, Lu [State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China); Zhang, Liqun [State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China); Chan, Tung W. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, VA 24061 (United States); Liang, Yongri [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Joint Laboratory of Polymer Science and Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Liu, Li, E-mail: LiuL@mail.buct.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China)

    2013-11-10

    Highlights: • In situ self-polymerization of unsaturated metal methacrylate was investigated mainly by the thermal effect. • UMM with low melting point can self-polymerize to a large extent. • The fine dispersion phase is composed of poly(UMM) nanoparticles formed by in situ self-polymerization in the rubber matrix. • The UMM crystals in the presence of peroxide and rubber undergo the processes of melting, diffusion, polymerization, and phase separation in this order. - Abstract: Unsaturated metal methacrylate (UMM) as one kind of functional filler has played an important role in reinforcing rubber materials. The in situ self-polymerization of UMM in UMM/rubber composite leads to the uniform dispersion of poly(UMM) in the rubber matrix, while the crosslinking of rubber and grafting between UMM and rubber chains occur simultaneously, making it difficult to clarify the effect of the in situ polymerization on the dispersion of poly(UMM) in the rubber matrix. In this work, we investigated the dispersion mechanism of UMM without rubber matrix for the first time using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Three types of UMMs including zinc methacrylate (Zn(MA){sub 2}), sodium methacrylate (Na(MA)) and samarium methacrylate (Sm(MA){sub 3}) were chosen to investigate the in situ self-polymerization of UMM. Based on DSC results, we conclude that the crystals with low melting point tend to self-polymerize first and generate a large amount of heat in the presence of peroxide. The high heat of reaction can melt the crystals with high melting point, and more UMM molecules are dissolved in the rubber matrix, thus increasing the extent of the in situ polymerization. Hence, the UMM with low melting point can self-polymerize to a large extent. Our findings provide in-depth understanding of the dispersion mechanism of UMM in rubber.

  18. In situ self-polymerization of unsaturated metal methacrylate and its dispersion mechanism in rubber-based composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wen, Shipeng; Zhou, Yao; Yao, Lu; Zhang, Liqun; Chan, Tung W.; Liang, Yongri; Liu, Li

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: • In situ self-polymerization of unsaturated metal methacrylate was investigated mainly by the thermal effect. • UMM with low melting point can self-polymerize to a large extent. • The fine dispersion phase is composed of poly(UMM) nanoparticles formed by in situ self-polymerization in the rubber matrix. • The UMM crystals in the presence of peroxide and rubber undergo the processes of melting, diffusion, polymerization, and phase separation in this order. - Abstract: Unsaturated metal methacrylate (UMM) as one kind of functional filler has played an important role in reinforcing rubber materials. The in situ self-polymerization of UMM in UMM/rubber composite leads to the uniform dispersion of poly(UMM) in the rubber matrix, while the crosslinking of rubber and grafting between UMM and rubber chains occur simultaneously, making it difficult to clarify the effect of the in situ polymerization on the dispersion of poly(UMM) in the rubber matrix. In this work, we investigated the dispersion mechanism of UMM without rubber matrix for the first time using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Three types of UMMs including zinc methacrylate (Zn(MA) 2 ), sodium methacrylate (Na(MA)) and samarium methacrylate (Sm(MA) 3 ) were chosen to investigate the in situ self-polymerization of UMM. Based on DSC results, we conclude that the crystals with low melting point tend to self-polymerize first and generate a large amount of heat in the presence of peroxide. The high heat of reaction can melt the crystals with high melting point, and more UMM molecules are dissolved in the rubber matrix, thus increasing the extent of the in situ polymerization. Hence, the UMM with low melting point can self-polymerize to a large extent. Our findings provide in-depth understanding of the dispersion mechanism of UMM in rubber

  19. Towards reconstructing herbaceous biome dynamics and associated precipitation in Africa: insights from the classification of grass morphological traits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasturel, Marine; Alexandre, Anne; Novello, Alice; Moctar Dieye, Amadou; Wele, Abdoulaye; Paradis, Laure; Hely, Christelle

    2014-05-01

    Inter-tropical herbaceous ecosystems occupy a 1/5th of terrestrial surface, a half of the African continent, and are expected to extend in the next decades. Dynamic of these ecosystems is simulated with poor accuracy by Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs). One of the bias results from the fact that the diversity of the grass layer dominating these herbaceous ecosystems is poorly taken into account. Mean annual precipitation and the length of the dry season are the main constrains of the dynamics of these ecosystems. Conversely, changes in vegetation affect the water cycle. Inaccuracy in herbaceous ecosystem simulation thus impacts simulations of the water cycle (including precipitation) and vice versa. In order to increase our knowledge of the relationships between grass morphological traits, taxonomy, biomes and climatic niches in Western and South Africa, a 3-step methodology was followed: i) values of culm height, leaf length and width of dominant grass species from Senegal were gathered from flora and clustered using the Partition Around Medoids (PAM) method; ii) trait group ability to sign climatic domains and biomes was assessed using Kruskal-Wallis tests; iii) genericity and robustness of the trait groups were evaluated through their application to Chadian and South African botanical datasets. Results show that 8 grass trait groups are present either in Senegal, Chad or South Africa. These 8 trait groups are distributed along mean annual precipitation and dry season length gradients. The combination of three of them allow to discriminate mean annual precipitation domains (1000 mm) and herbaceous biomes (steppes, savannas, South African grasslands and Nama-Karoo). With these results in hand, grass Plant Functional Types (PFTs) of the DGMV LPJ-GUESS will be re-parameterized and particular attention will be given to the herbaceous biomass assigned to each grass trait group. Simultaneously, relationships between grass trait groups and phytolith vegetation

  20. Pengetahuan Masyarakat Sunda Perdesaan Kabupaten Garut dan Kabupaten Cianjur Jawa Barat tentang Peraturan Kebahasaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dindin Samsudin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The reality of the language usage that exists in Indonesia is still apprehensive. If we observed, until now there are so many language usages in public spaces, both billboards and instructional boards still use foreign languages or a mix between Indonesian language and foreign languages. That reality of language is not relevant with the legislations which prevail in Indonesia because the legislations stipulate the preferential using of Indonesian language in public space. However, the legislations about language are not well known by the society, so they still prefer using the foreign languages. This research aimed to reveal the knowledge of rural Sundanese society in Garut and Cianjur Regency, West Java about the language regulations. This research used quantitative approach with survey method. The result showed that in general the knowledge of rural Sundanese society in Garut and Cianjur Regency, West Java about language regulations can be categorized not good because the average value only reached 34.25% of the ideal standard.   Abstrak Kenyataan kebahasaan yang ada di Indonesia masih saja memprihatinkan. Jika diamati, hingga kini masih banyak pemakaian bahasa di ruang publik, baik papan nama maupun papan petunjuk, yang menggunakan bahasa asing atau campuran bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa asing. Kenyataan kebahasaan tersebut tidak sesuai dengan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku di Indonesia karena peraturan perundang-undangan mengharuskan pengutamaan penggunaan bahasa Indonesia dalam ranah publik. Namun, peraturan perundang-undangan tentang kebahasaan tersebut sepertinya belum diketahui oleh masyarakat sehingga mereka masih mengutamakan bahasa asing. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan pengetahuan masyarakat Sunda pedesaan di Kabupaten Garut dan Cianjur Jawa Barat tentang peraturan kebahasaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survei. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa secara umum

  1. Acid and base stress and transcriptomic responses in Bacillus subtilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilks, Jessica C; Kitko, Ryan D; Cleeton, Sarah H; Lee, Grace E; Ugwu, Chinagozi S; Jones, Brian D; BonDurant, Sandra S; Slonczewski, Joan L

    2009-02-01

    Acid and base environmental stress responses were investigated in Bacillus subtilis. B. subtilis AG174 cultures in buffered potassium-modified Luria broth were switched from pH 8.5 to pH 6.0 and recovered growth rapidly, whereas cultures switched from pH 6.0 to pH 8.5 showed a long lag time. Log-phase cultures at pH 6.0 survived 60 to 100% at pH 4.5, whereas cells grown at pH 7.0 survived base induced adaptation to a more extreme acid or base, respectively. Expression indices from Affymetrix chip hybridization were obtained for 4,095 protein-encoding open reading frames of B. subtilis grown at external pH 6, pH 7, and pH 9. Growth at pH 6 upregulated acetoin production (alsDS), dehydrogenases (adhA, ald, fdhD, and gabD), and decarboxylases (psd and speA). Acid upregulated malate metabolism (maeN), metal export (czcDO and cadA), oxidative stress (catalase katA; OYE family namA), and the SigX extracytoplasmic stress regulon. Growth at pH 9 upregulated arginine catabolism (roc), which generates organic acids, glutamate synthase (gltAB), polyamine acetylation and transport (blt), the K(+)/H(+) antiporter (yhaTU), and cytochrome oxidoreductases (cyd, ctaACE, and qcrC). The SigH, SigL, and SigW regulons were upregulated at high pH. Overall, greater genetic adaptation was seen at pH 9 than at pH 6, which may explain the lag time required for growth shift to high pH. Low external pH favored dehydrogenases and decarboxylases that may consume acids and generate basic amines, whereas high external pH favored catabolism-generating acids.

  2. Desain Pabrik Sodium Karbonat Dari CO2 Flue Gas Pabrik Semen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fadlan Minallah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Dengan semakin meningkatnya kebutuhan energi di Indonesia selama beberapa tahunn terakhir ini, semakin juga meningkatkan bertambahnya gas rumah kaca yang dihasilkan. Gas rumah kaca (GRK yang terdiri dari CO2, CH4, N2O, HCFC, dan CFC serta uap air (H2O, dimana yang menjadi sumber utama terjadinya pemasan global. Terutama pada pabrik yang menghasilkan GRK itu sendiri selama proses produksi, seperti pabrik semen 15.107.267 ton, pabrik produksi kapur 3.688.147 ton, dan pabrik kaca/gelas 170.000 ton. Prospek soda abu (nama pasar sodium karbonat di Indonesia masih dalam kondisi baik karena kebutuhan komoditas ini semakin bertambah dengan rate 3,4% pertahun untuk industri kapur, industri gelas, dan industri keramik. Selama ini kebutuhan soda abu di Indonesia masih dipenuhi dengan adanya impor dari negara lain, karena belum adanya produsen natrium karbonat di dalam negeri yang menjadikan komoditas ini sebagai produk utama dari pabriknya. Pabrik ini direncanakan akan didirikan di Kabupaten Tuban, JawaTimur dengan estimasi waktu mulai produksi pada tahun 2017. Penentuan lokasi pabrik berdasarkan pada sumber bahan baku. Hal ini karena bahan baku yang digunakan adalah flue gas dari pabrik semen. Untuk menemuhi kebutuhan akan sodium karbonat kapasitas produk sodium karbonat ini sebesar 86,37 ton/jam. Pabrik beroperasi selama 24 jam per hari dengan hari kerja 330 hari per tahun. Proses pembuatan soda abu dengan proses karbonasi terdiri dari empat unit proses, yaitu dust removal unit, absorption unit, crystalization unit, dan soda ash unit. Dari analisa perhitungan ekonomi didapat Investasi Rp79.285.526.850, IRR sebesar 26%, POT selama 4,39 tahun, dan NPV positif 15 tahun sebesar Rp589.068.911.634. Umur dari pabrik ini diperkirakan selama 15 tahun dengan masa periode pembangunannya selama 2 tahun di mana operasi pabrik ini 330 hari/tahun.

  3. Kanca Indihiang sebagai Embrio Kreativitas Mang Koko

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    Rasita Satriana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Kanca Indihiang adalah sebuah grup yang dibentuk oleh Mang Koko tahun 1946, yang termasukpada genre seni Jenaka Sunda, yakni seni pertunjukan dengan format seni humor. Kreativitas MangKoko dalam melakukan berbagai inovasi garap, membuat grup Kanca Indihiang sangat berbeda denganseni Jenaka Sunda pada umumnya. Nama Mang Koko terkenal sebagai pencipta genre seni baruatau dikenal dengan sebutan karawitan wanda anyar. Untuk mengungkap perkembangan kreativitasMang Koko, digunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan etnomusikologi. Berdasarkan hasilpenelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa dalam wadah grup Kanca Indihiang, Mang Koko bereksplorasimemodernisasi kekakuan pakem seni kawih Sunda tradisi. Karawitan wanda anyar diyakini sebagaigenre karawitan Sunda yang terbentuk dari akumulasi kreativitas berkesenian dari Mang Koko. Kanca Indihiang: As a Creativity Embryo of Mang Koko. Kanca Indihiang is a group which wasfirst created by Mang Koko in 1946 and is one of the Sundanese art genres that is a performing art withsuch a humorous art format. Mang Koko’s creativity in doing works on a variety of innovations makes KancaIndihiang group may differ a lot from Sundanese humorous art in general. Mang Koko’s name then becomesfamous as a creator of a new art genre called ‘karawitan wanda anyar’. Thus, a qualitative research applyingethno-musicological approach is done to uncover the development of Mang Koko’s creativity. According to thisresearch, it can be concluded that within this Kanca Indihiang group, Mang Koko did some explorationsto modernize rigidity in the rules of traditional Sundanese kawih. Karawitan wanda anyar is believed as aSundanese karawitan genre shaped from the accumulation of Mang Koko’s artistic creativities.

  4. PEMBATASAN HAK BAGI PEMILIK SERTIFIKAT HAK MILIK ATAS TANAH DI WILAYAH ADAT KEBIRANGGA KECAMATAN MAUKARO KABUPATEN ENDE (STUDI DI WILAYAH ADAT KEBIRANGGA KECAMATAN MAUKARO KABUPATEN ENDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cicilia Pricemarina

    2016-03-01

    Abstrak Pendaftaran hak atas tanah bertujuan agar para pemegang hak atas tanah akan dengan mudah membuktikan bahwa dirinya sebagai pemegang hak serta dapat memberikan jaminan kepastian hukum dan perlindungan hukum bagi pemegang hak. Namun di wilayah adat Kebirangga terdapat pembatasan hak bagi pemilik sertifikat hak milik atas tanah di wilayat adat Kebirangga karena tanah diperoleh berdasarkan pembagian tanah ulayat oleh Mosalaki, sehingga fai wazu ana azo (warga adat hanya dipandang sebagai penggarap tanpa mempunyai hak untuk mengalihkan hak atas tanah tersebut ( menjual atau menjaminkan pada Bank hal ini bertentangan dengan ciri dari hak Milik dalam ketentuan Peraturan perundang-undangan yaitu hak milik adalah hak untuk menikmati suatu benda/ tanah dengan sebebas-bebasnya dijadikan jaminan utang dengan dibebani Hak Tanggungan bisa dialihkan atau beralih kepihak lain, dapat dilepas secara suka rela serta dapat diwakafkan asal tidak bertentangan dengan undang-undang atau peraturan lainnya dan tidak mengganggu hak orang lain. Dalam Jurnal ini Peneliti menggunakan metode penelitian socio legal research, yang merupakan penelitian yang menitik beratkan perilaku individu atau masyarakat dalam kaitannya dengan hukum. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa di wilayah adat Kebirangga di Kecamatan Maukaro belum mampu menghilangkan peran hukum adat khusus dalam penguasaan hak atas tanah dari Mosalaki sebagai Kepala adat, meskipun telah ada sertifikat hak milik atas nama masing-masing orang (fai wazu ana azo, sehingga hak milik masih menjadi hak Mosalaki yang berlaku hingga saat ini, merupakan fakta masih adanya pertentangan akan kepemilikan berdasarkan ketentuan hukum positif dalam kepastian hukum antara hukum positif dan hukum adat. Kata kunci: pembatasan hak, sertifikat hak milik atas tanah, hak menguasai oleh mosalaki (kepala adat

  5. Aktualisasi Etika Kepemimpinan Jawa dalam Asthabrata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardi Suratno

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nama Asthabrata sangat populer dalam kehidupan masyarakat Jawa karena sering muncul dalarn pagelaran wayang purwa. Ajaran Asthabrata mendapat apresiasi yang sangat luas oleh masyarakat Indonesia karena memuat ajaran kepemimpinan yang dapat dijadikan aspirasi bagi semua pihak yang sedang dan akan mengabdikan hidupnya bagi bangsa dan negara. Asthabrata merupakan kreativitas pujangga Jawa karena tidak dikcnal dalam Ramayana India (baru muncul dalam Ramayana Kakawin, Semua Asthabrata menampilkan figur pemimpin dalam sosok delapan dewa. Dalam perkernbangan lebih lanjut, budayawan Jawa memilih menampilkan figur pemimpin itu dalam sifat-sifat benda alam, yakni bumi, matahari, bulan, bintang, laut, angin, dan awan. Penampilan figur pernimpin dalam sifat benda-benda alam tersebut lebih netral sebagai pilihan cerdas pujangga Jawa. Abstract: The name of Asthabrata is very popular among Javanese live because of its frequent appearance in the wayang purwa performance. Asthabrata teachings have got a wide appreciation from Indonesian people because it carries leadership teachings which can be an aspiration to everyone who is dedicating and will dedicate their lives to their nation and country. Asthabrata is the creativity of the Javanese men of letters for not discovered in Indian's Ramayana (not until Ramayana Kakawin. All Asthabrata present a leader figure in the characters of eight gods. In further progress, Javanese culture vultures chose to present the leader figure in the characters of natural objects. namely earth, Sun, moon, star, ocean, wind, and cloud. The performance of a leader figure in the characters of the natural objects is more neutral as a smart choice of Javanese man of letters. " Keywords: creativity, Asthabrata, leader

  6. The Cohesiveness of Muslim Pangestu Members in Salatiga, Central Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Suciati

    2015-04-01

    harapan para anggotanya adalah adanya komunikasi intensif antar anggota melalui pertemuan dan bawaraos (Jv, kumpul-kumpul, perhatian yang besar terhadap anggota lainnya, teladan kepemimpinan yang bagus, pembelaan terhadap nama baik paguyuban Pangestu, dan kepuasan dalam menyelami kebermaknaan praktik-praktik keagamaan.

  7. The Pan-African Damara Orogen of South West Africa/Namibia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miller, R.McG.

    1983-01-01

    The structural grain of the Damara orogen points to a reversal of spreading and to north-westward subduction of the African cratons below a South American craton and of the Kalahari Craton below the Congo Craton. D 1 recumbent folding was followed by intrusion of 650 m.y.-old granitic rocks, uplift and erosion and deposition of a northern molasse. D 2 deformation in the coastal arm marked the continental collision phase in this region. The final, large-scale deformational event in this region caused westward-vergent back folding which was followed by intrusion of 570 m.y.-old post-tectonic granites. In the Central Zone, widespread intrusion of 550 m.y.-old, syntectonic granites and extrusion of their volcanic equivalents in a 150 km-wide, high-temperature-low-pressure zone along the leading edge of the Congo Craton was accompanied by uplift, erosion and the deposition of K-rich greywackes as a fore-arc sequence above the earlier, spreading-phase deposits in the closing Southern Zone ocean. Sedimentological aspects of the Damara along the southern margin of the orogen suggest that the lower Nama Group, which contains a unique Ediacara fauna and was derived from easterly sources, was deposited between about 650 and 550 m.y. ago during deformation north of the Southern Zone ocean. During the final major deformation event in the Central Zone (D 3 doming), the fore-arc deposits and the underlying passive-margin sediments to the south were deformed. The Damaran granitic rocks are Hercynotype; granites make up 96 per cent of the more than 200 plutons. Average compositions have a slightly less calc-alkaline character than typical compressional margin granitic suites. Early granites have I-type chemistries and appear to have been derived from deep crustal sources, whereas most of the young granites have intermediate to S-type compositions and were generated at various crustal levels

  8. Pedoman Penulisan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurnal Informatika JIFO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Redaksi menerima naskah karangan berupa hasil penelitian, pengembangan dan penerapan dalam bidang Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi, diutamakan hasil dari kelompok kerja penelitian. Semua naskah yang masuk akan direview dan diseleksi oleh Dewan Direksi. Naskah yang telah dikoreksi akan dikembalikan ke penulis untuk diperbaiki, setelah itu diserahkan kembali ke redaksi pelaksana. Aturan Penulisan Jurnal Informatika: Makalah berisi abstrak (bahasa Inggris dan bahasa Indonesia, pendahuluan, tinjauan pustaka, metode penelitian, hasil dan pembahasan, kesimpulan dan daftar pustaka;Judul makalah ditulis dengan huruf kecil Times New Roman 14 spasi 1 (Judul makalah;Keterangan tentang penulis (nama penulis [dicetak tebal], instansi, alamat instansi, telepon, fax dan email ditulis di bawah judul makalah dengan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1;Judul Abstrak ditulis dengan huruf tebal di temangah, Times New Roman 12 spasi 1,5 terhadap isi bawahnya. Isi abstrak (dalam bahasa Inggris dan Abstrak (dalam bahasa Indonesia ditulis memanjang pada satu kolom dnegan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1 dan dicetak miring, dilengkapi dengan max. 3 kata kunci di bawahnya;Sub judul tulisan ditulis dengan huruf tebal, kecil, Times New Roman 12 sasi 1,4 terhadap tulisan bawahnya dengan penomoran angka biasa (1. Pendahuluan;Selain Abstrak, isi makalah ditulis dalam 1 (satu koom dengan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1;Gambar dan table harus diberi nomor urut, keterangan rigkas dan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1 dan disebutkan dalam isi makalah, gambar harus disesuaikan dengan ukuran halaman jurnal, (Gambar 1…;Persamaan matematik harus ditulis dengan jelas, diberi nomor urut, dan diberi keterangan notasi yang dipergunakanContoh penulisan Daftar Pustaka sebagai berikut: Harper, Charles. A., “Handbook of Thick Film Hybrid Microelectronic”, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974; 10.  Makalah maksimal 10 halaman, termasuk gambar dan tabel

  9. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MENDORONG WISATAWAN MELAKUKAN KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN TIKET PESAWAT MELALUI MOBILE BOOKING PADA SITUS TRAVELOKA.COM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Muliana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Pembelian kebutuhan perjalanan wisata secara online merupakan bagian dari transaksi business to-customer (B2C. Produk yang ditawarkan biasanya terdiri dari: pemesanan paket wisata, penjualan tiket pesawat dan kereta api, kamar hotel dan penyewaan transportasi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mendorong wisatawan melakukan keputusan pembelian tiket pesawat melalui mobile booking pada situs Traveloka.com serta faktor yang paling banyak berkontribusi dalam menentukan keputusan pembelian tersebut. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah kuesioner online dan kuesioner yang disebarkan secara langsung (offline kepada 250 responden, penentuan responden ditetapaka menggunakn metode purposive sampling, sedangkan teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis faktor. Hasil analisis faktor yang didapatakan menjelaskan 67,066% dari keseluruhan total variance, dan hasil analisis data menunjukkan empat faktor terbentuk yang mendorong wisatawan melakukan keputusan pembelian tiket pesawat melalui mobile booking pada situs Traveloka.com, yaitu: kemudahan dan sistem informasi website (24,396 %, pelayanan konsumen/customer service (15,211%, citra perusahaan (14,681 %, dan motivasi pembelian (12,779%, adapun faktor yang paling berkontribusi dalam mendorong wisatawan melakukan keputusan pembelian tiket pesawat melalui mobile booking pada situs Traveloka.com adalah faktor terbentuk yang memiliki faktor laoding tertinggi dari keseluruhan faktor yang terbentuk, yaitu faktor “Kemudahan dan Sistem Informasi Website”, faktor ini terdiri dari 13 variabel yakni: (1 Kemudahan pencarian situs web, (2 kecepatan waktu mengakses (load time, (3 nama domain perusahaan, (4 kemudahan pemesanan, (5 Informasi yang lengkap, (6 Informasi yang akurat, (7 Informasi yang menarik, (8 Pemaparan informasi yang tepat, (9 Ketersediaan dan aksesibilitas, (10 Harga yang kompetitif, (11 Pengalaman secara keseluruhan, (12 Keamanan data

  10. PENGARUH INTENSITAS CAHAYA DAN JARAK PADA SISTEM AUGMENTED REALITY OBJEK ANIMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Kustijono

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pengaruh intensitas cahaya dan jarak pada sistem Augmented Reality objek animasi. Augmented Reality (AR merupakan upaya untuk menggabungkan dunia maya (virtual dan dunia nyata (real yang dibuat melalui komputer sehingga batas antara keduanya menjadi sangat tipis. Untuk mengembangkan AR banyak sekali library pendukung yang dapat digunakan. FlarToolKit adalah salah satunya. FlarToolKit merupakan library pendukung AR pada platform flash. Dalam penelitian ini dibuatlah sistem AR objek animasi. Sistem yang dibuat dalam objek adalah permainan pingpong. Pada permainan pingpong disini berbeda pada permainan pingpong lainnya dimana telah dikolaborasikan dengan AR untuk menggerakkan setiap langkah dari playernya. Gerak setiap langkah tersebut dibantu dengan alat dengan nama marker pada saat proses rendering yang dilakukan kamera. Marker yang telah diregistrasi dapat dikenali dengan kamera dan dapat berinteraksi dengan objek bola dan komputer. Interaksi antar obyek tersebut dapat dilihat dari gerak bola yang dapat dipukul dengan ojyek virtual yang ditampilkan melalui AR. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembacaan marker oleh kamera sangat dipengaruhi oleh besarnya Intensitas cahaya. Untuk intensitas cahaya sedang (cahaya lampu dapat menampilkan obyek virtual. Sedangkan intensitas cahaya yang terlalu kecil (gelap dan intensitas cahaya yang terlalu besar (cahaya matahari, objek virtual tidak terlihat. Selain intensitas cahaya, jarak marker dengan kamera juga sangat berpengaruh dalam proses berjalannya sistem ini dimana marker yang telah dibaca oleh kamera ini nantinya akan di bandingkan dengan data marker yang menjadi acuannya. Bila terlalu dekat atau terlalu jauh maka kamera tidak dapat membaca marker dengan baik sehingga sistem tidak dapat mengenali marker tersebut. Jarak terdekat untuk marker terhadap kamera yang bisa menampilkan objek virtual adalah 10 cm. Sedangkan jarak terjauh yang tidak bisa menampilkan objek

  11. PENGEMBANGAN MOBILE ADVERTISING SEBAGAI SARANA PROMOSI TOKO ROTI DAN KUE MENGGUNAKAN LOCATION BASED SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Arfiani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Pertumbuhan pengguna layanan mobile data dan mobile internet di Indonesia meningkat pesat dibandingkan voice dan sms. Sehingga kehidupan manusia bagai tak terpisah antara jarak, tempat, dan waktu. Dengan mudahnya manusia dapat melakukan komunikasi dan mengakses informasi tak peduli dimanapun dia tempatnya. Apalagi dengan beragamnya alat komunikasi yang kini beredar ditengah masyarakat, salah satunya adalah smartphone android. Permasalahan yang umum dihadapi adalah bagaimana membangun suatu aplikasi pada platform Android untuk pencarian lokasi toko roti dan kue beserta alamatnya. Hal tersebut telah terjawab dengan adanya sistem operasi android yang open source, Dengan adanya aplikasi ini maka pengguna yang mempunyai tingkat kesibukan atau mobilitas yang tinggi tidak perlu lagi mencari lokasi toko roti dengan mencari ataupun bertanya dimana lokasi toko roti yang terdekat, karena Aplikasi ini telah menyediakan fitur pencarian secara lengkap, sehingga pengguna dapat mencari lokasi toko roti yang terdekat kapanpun dan dimanapun hanya dengan ponsel Android yang dimilikinya. Kelebihan aplikasi ini dapat digunakan untuk membantu mencari lokasi toko roti dan kue berdasarkan jenis tokonya serta lokasi yang terdekat dari posisi kita berada. Aplikasi ini akan menampilkan secara detail informasi dari toko yang ada berupa nama, alamat, nomor telepon, gambar / foto dan tampilan peta yang bersumber dari Google Maps.Hasil pengujian sistem menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi dapat memberikan informasi lokasi toko kepada pengguna, melakukan panggilan telepon ke toko yang dituju, melakukan share promosi, serta menampilkan map sekaligus rute terpendek menuju lokasi merchant yang ingin dituju. Rute terpendek yang didapat telah mampu menemukan lokasi tujuan dengan jarak yang relative pendek dan tergambar dalam google map. Kata Kunci : Android, Mobile Application, Rute Terpendek, Location Based Service,

  12. MODEL PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL DI ‘SEKOLAH PEMBAURAN’ MEDAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saliman Saliman

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan model pendidikan multikultural di Sekolah Pembauran Medan. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Sekolah Pembauran Medan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi, sedang kredibilitas data diperoleh lewat triangulasi metode. Instrumen penelitian adalah peneliti sendiri dengan menggunakan bantuan pedoman observasi dan wawancara. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik analisis interaktif versi Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan di Sekolah Pembauran Medan merupakan nama yang digunakan untuk menyebut sekolah di bawah Yayasan Perguruan Sultan Iskandar Muda menggunakan Whole School Approach yang meliputi visi dan kebijakan sekolah, kepemimpinan dan manajemen, kapasitas dan kultur, aktivitas peserta didik, kolaborasi dengan masyarakat luas, serta kurikulum dan pengajaran. Kata Kunci: Sekolah Pembauran, pendidikan multikultural, whole school approach A MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION MODEL IN SEKOLAH PEMBAURAN MEDAN Abstract: This study was aimed to describe a model of the multicultural education implemented in Sekolah Pembauran Medan, North Sumatra. This study employed the qualitative approach using the case study approach. The study was conducted in Sekolah Pembauran Medan. The data collection techniques consisted of observations, interviews and documentation. The main research instrument was the researchers themselves supported by observation sheets and interview guidelines. The data analysis was performed using the interactive analysis developed by Miles and Huberman. The research findings showed that Sekolah Pembauran Medan is the name used to refer to the school under the Education Foundation of Sultan Iskandar Muda using the Whole School Approach which includes: the vision and policies of the school; leadership and management; capacity and culture; activities of learners

  13. Initial review and analysis of the direct environmental impacts of CSP in the northern Cape, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Justine; Gauché, Paul; Esler, Karen J.

    2016-05-01

    The Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) of 2010 and the IRP Update provide the most recent guidance to the electricity generation future of South Africa (SA) and both plans include an increased proportion of renewable energy generation capacity. Given that SA has abundant renewable energy resource potential, this inclusion is welcome. Only 600 MW of the capacity allocated to concentrating solar power (CSP) has been committed to projects in the Northern Cape and represents roughly a fifth of the capacity that has been included in the IRP. Although CSP is particularly new in the electricity generation system of the country, the abundant solar resources of the region with annual DNI values of above 2900 kWh/m2 across the arid Savannah and Nama-Karoo biomes offer a promising future for the development of CSP in South Africa. These areas have largely been left untouched by technological development activities and thus renewable energy projects present a variety of possible direct and indirect environmental, social and economic impacts. Environmental Impact Assessments do focus on local impacts, but given that ecological processes often extend to regional- and landscape scales, understanding this scaled context is important to the alignment of development- and conservation priorities. Given the capacities allocated to CSP for the future of SA's electricity generation system, impacts on land, air, water and biodiversity which are associated with CSP are expected to increase in distribution and the understanding thereof deems valuable already from this early point in CSP's future in SA. We provide a review of direct impacts of CSP on the natural environment and an overview of the anticipated specific significance thereof in the Northern Cape.

  14. PENERAPAN PRINSIP SYARIAH PADA LEMBAGA JASA KEUANGAN PERASURANSIAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renny Supriyatni B.

    2017-06-01

    pembiayaan, sedangkan Asuransi Takaful sebagai pihak kedua (atas nama agency Takaful Keluarga. Pengalihan hak jaminan Ahli waris dari Pemegang Polis yang telah meninggal berhak mendapatkan pengalihan hak jaminan Polis Asuransi Jiwa yang dimiliki oleh Pemegang Polis (yang teleh meninggal dari PT. Asuransi Takaful Keluarga yang dibayarkan melalui PT. Bank Mandiri Syariah karena merupakan hak dari ahli warisnya (subjek dalam asuransi Jiwa.

  15. Possible Role of NPP in Long Term Low Carbon Development Strategy - Case Study Croatia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tomsic, Z.; Rajsl, I.; Filipovic, M.

    2016-01-01

    The term low - carbon development strategies (LEDS) was developed on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2008. LEDS used to describe a long-term national economic development plans or strategies that include low emissions and economic growth resistant to climate change. The concept of Low Carbon Development Strategies (LCDS) has been introduced by the Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC as a common but differentiated approach to meet the overall emissions reduction objectives: 'All countries shall prepare Low Emission Development Strategies - nationally-driven and represent[ing] the aims and objectives of individual Parties in accordance with national circumstances and capacities' (Cancun Agreement). Low Carbon Development Strategies (LCDS) in this way become an overarching framework to design and achieve Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) reflecting the Common but Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) of all countries. For Long-Term National Strategy and Action Plan for Low-Carbon Development the main objective of this programme is the development of a long-term national strategy and action plan for low-carbon development to enable country to fulfil its commitment to carbon obligations. Low-carbon development strategy will become the fundamental for the development of the energy with low rate of carbon, but also for the entire economy. European Union is the leader in the effort to reduce emissions especially in the energy sector as the sector with the highest rate of emission. With the goal of reducing emissions, necessary measures are accentuated for energy in the EU Countries, as well as in Croatia. It will be presented the possibilities for realization of Croatian low-carbon development and particularly possible role and barriers for Nuclear power plants for Low carbon emissions development in the electricity sector until 2050. (author).

  16. Čisti život

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Cimer

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ne, kažem.Znam, kad kažem „ne“, to je to s nama, čist račun, rekli smo, karte na stolu, vino, keksi, humor – presuhi; klima, poljupci, zemlja za cvijeće – prevlažni. Dogovori umjesto sapunica kao kod drugih. Ne gubimo vrijeme na stvari koje nikoga ne zanimaju, čak ih ni na televiziji ne gledamo, nemamo televizor, imamo pametnijeg posla, i zabavljamo se jer znamo da se svijet ne može spasiti, mi smo spašeni samo privremeno, vremena je malo i nikada ne bismo skočili, ali osjećali smo se tako živima dok su nam se noge klatile preko ograde na terasi zgrade. Gledala sam vrhove svojih tenisica, stražnja svjetla automobila koji su se tamo dolje redali jedan za drugim poput crvenih mrava, gurali se u kolonama kroz uske ulice, noge mi još nikada nisu djelovale toliko kratko.Kao na moru na madracu na napuhavanje, rekla sam i ugrizla se za jezik, koji je viski razvezao jer nisi izgledao kao da imaš madrac na napuhavanje.Samo te voda nosi kad padneš, objasnio si, zrak te ne nosi, a ipak si bio tako siguran u sebe, nikad nisi pogledao dolje, nikad se osvrnuo da pogledaš zabavu koju ostavljaš za sobom, nisi ništa propustio niti se ičega bojao, pa ni neoprezna tapšanja po leđima.

  17. On-line Field Measurements of Speciated PM1 Emission Factors from Common South Asian Combustion Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCarlo, P. F.; Goetz, J. D.; Giordano, M.; Stockwell, C.; Maharjan, R.; Adhikari, S.; Bhave, P.; Praveen, P. S.; Panday, A. K.; Jayarathne, T. S.; Stone, E. A.; Yokelson, R. J.

    2017-12-01

    Characterization of aerosol emissions from prevalent but under sampled combustion sources in South Asia was performed as part of the Nepal Ambient Monitoring and Source Testing Experiment (NAMaSTE) in April 2015. Targeted emission sources included cooking stoves with a variety of solid fuels, brick kilns, garbage burning, crop-residue burning, diesel irrigation pumps, and motorcycles. Real-time measurements of submicron non-refractory particulate mass concentration and composition were obtained using an Aerodyne mini Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (mAMS). Speciated PM1 mass emission factors were calculated for all particulate species (e.g. organics, sulfates, nitrates, chlorides, ammonium) and for each source type using the carbon mass balance approach. Size resolved emission factors were also acquired using a novel high duty cycle particle time-of-flight technique (ePTOF). Black carbon and brown carbon absorption emission factors and absorption Angström exponents were measured using filter loading and scattering corrected attenuation at 370 nm and 880 nm with a dual spot aethalometer (Magee Scientific AE-33). The results indicate that open garbage burning is a strong emitter of organic aerosol, black carbon, and internally mixed particle phase hydrogen chloride (HCl). Emissions of HCl were attributed to the presence chlorinated plastics. The primarily coal fired brick kilns were found to be large emitters of sulfate but large differences in the organic and light absorbing component of emissions were observed between the two kiln types investigated (technologically advanced vs. traditional). These results, among others, bring on-line and field-tested aerosol emission measurements to an area of atmoshperic research dominated by off-line or laboratory based measurements.

  18. Islam, Media, dan Politik : Sebuah Perdebatan dan Kontempelasi Nilai Berdemokrasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idil Akbar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Infact, press or media is one of pilar democracy. Media in democracy is a public sphere to communi-cation and makes relation, and a same time as public arena to gain information. But, media also could not release from streotypes and tendency that usually bring of interest, either the owner or ideology. It is meaning media can not released from perspective distorsion, values bias and take a side. Media also effective to become propaganda instrument for a political interest and an ideology. It is seen like how media in US, for example, stereotype of Islam in discourses contradiction and glob-al interest opposition. Then, Islam dominantly identified as doctrine teaches radicalism, fundamen-talism and terorism. Thus, it is often be justification for US to operate the military mission in the name of democracy. Tak dipungkiri pers atau media menjadi salah satu pilar bagi demokrasi. Media dalam demokrasi adalah sebagai ruang bagi publik berkomunikasi dan berinteraksi, sekaligus sarana publik mem-peroleh informasi tentang banyak hal. Namun, media juga tak bisa dilepaskan dari stereotip dan kecenderungan-kecenderungan, yang biasanya membawa kepentingan, baik pemilik maupun ide-ologi. Media karenanya tak lepas dari distorsi perspektif, bias nilai dan berpihak. Media juga efektif menjadi alat propaganda bagi sebuah kepentingan politik dan ideologi, seperti bagaimana media di negara Amerika, misalnya, menstereotipkan Islam dalam analisis pertentangan wacana dan kepent-ingan global. Sehingga, dominan Islam diidentikkan dengan sematan sebagai ajaran yang mengajarkan radikalisme, fundamentalisme dan terorisme. Karenanya pula seringkali menjadi alasan pembenar bagi Amerika untuk menjalankan misi militer atas nama demokrasi.

  19. PEMIKIRAN JESSE H SHERA DAN PERKEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN ILMU PERPUSTAKAAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widiyastuti Widiyastuti

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakNama Jesse Hauk Shera tidak asing lagi di dunia perpustakaan, banyak buku yang telah dia tulis tentang ilmu perpustakaan. Shera merupakan tokoh yang meletakkan ilmu perpustakaan sebagai sebuah ilmu, pemikiran Shera ini kemudian menegaskan keilmuan yang melandasi kepustakawanan di seluruh dunia. Shera mengungkapkan dalam bukunya “The foundations of education for librarianship”. Perkembangan ilmu perpustakaan di Indonesia secara falsafah atau hakikat ilmu perpustakaan pada awal 1990 an, yaitu dengan ditandai munculnya program pascasarjana ilmu perpustakaan di Universitas Indonesia. Perkembangan ilmu perpustakaan di Indonesia diantaranya dipelopori oleh Sulistyo-Basuki dan Putu Laksman Pendit yang mengusung konsep ilmu perpustakaan ditinjau dari aspek filsafatnya.Kata Kunci:     Pemikiran Jesse H Shera, Perkembangan Pendidikan Ilmu Perpustakaan, IndonesiaAbstractIn the library world, name Jesse Hauk Shera is very famous. She has written many books related to library. Shera is a founder who makes library science to be science. This Shera’s thinking then clarifies the sience as the foundations for library science in the world. Shera explaines in her book “ The Foundations of Education for Librarianship”,. Philosophically, the development of library science in Indonesia or substantial library science in the early 1990s, marked by the opening magister program in library science in Universiy of Indonesia. The development of library science in Indonesia lead by Sulistyo-Basuki and Putu Laksman Pendit where both famouf figures bring the concept of library science is seen from phylosophy aspect.Keywords:    Jesse H Shera thinking, The develppment of Library Science Education, Indonesia

  20. Perancangan dan Realisasi Kontrol Prototype Landing Gear System Menggunakan PLCmikro berbasis Mikrokontroller PIC16F877A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RATNA SUSANA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Landing gear system merupakan suatu sistem penggerak pada roda pesawat yang menggunakan electromechanic system dengan sejumlah relay tanpa control terpusat. Melalui penelitian ini, electromechanic system tersebut diubah menjadi landing gear system yang dikendalikan secara terpusat menggunakan mikrokontroller dan diprogram oleh ldmikro berbahasa ladder diagram yang kemudian lebih dikenal dengan nama “PLCmikro”. Input discreate digunakan untuk menggerakkan aktuator solenoid valve agar piston double acting cylinder dapat bekerja sesuai sistem yang diinginkan. Input analog digunakan sebagai informasi ketinggian pesawat minimum agar pesawat tetap aman terbang di udara. Control Landing gear system yang direalisasikan berhasil menggerakkan piston masuk maupun keluar dari tabung, memberikan informasi proses pergerakkan piston yang bermasalah dan posisi roda yang telah masuk atau keluar dari pesawat berupa lampu LED. Sistem ini juga berhasil membaca informasi ketinggian minimum pesawat dari potensiometer serta mengubahnya menjadi informasi suara dan lampu LED.   Kata kunci: Landing gear system, PLCmikro, Ldmikro, ladder diagram, double acting cylinder. Abstract The landing gear system an aircraft wheel drive system that uses electromechanic system with a relay without any centralized control. Through this study, the electromechanic system was changed to landing gear system with a centrally controlled by using microcontroller and programmed with ldmikro ladder diagram language which came to be known by the name of "PLCmikro". Discreate input used to drive the actuator solenoid valve double acting cylinder so that the piston can work as desired system. The analog input is used as the minimum flight altitude information to keep the plane safe to fly in the air. Landing gear control system is realized successfully drive the piston in and out of the tube, providing information processes are problematic piston movement and wheel position that has

  1. Study of the effect of memantine therapy on the treatment of dyslexia in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojgan Karahmadi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Reading disorder (RD is one of the important complaints in children with learning disorders (LD that is prevalent in 4% of children in the United States. Treating this disorder includes education of reading practices and treating psychological disorders, and there are no exact medications prescribed in these children. Memantine has been effective in treating memory problems in Alzheimer Dementia, obsessive–compulsive disorder, autism disorder, and other psychological diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of memantine in improving RD in children. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 62 children, with RD in Pediatric Psychiatry Clinics of Noor and Ali-Asghar Hospital in Isfahan from 2015 to 2016, were participated. They were randomly assigned to two groups of equal number, one receiving education plus memantine and the other education plus placebo. RD was evaluated at the beginning, 1 and 3 months after intervention by Iranian standard reading and dyslexia test (Nama. Results: Mean (standard deviation age of participants was 7.55 (0.60 years. Most of the participants were boy (55%, most having parents in 36–45-year-old age group (52% and 48% for fathers and mothers, respectively, and also most parents in diploma and bachelor educational group (61% and 60% for fathers and mothers, respectively. There were statistical significant difference in trend of total score (P = 0.034, word chain (P < 0.001, rhyming (P < 0.001, text comprehension (P < 0.001, and letter fluency (P = 0.002, subscale between two groups. However, the difference of time trend between two groups was not significant in word reading (P = 0.14, word comprehension (P = 0.06, phoneme deletion (P = 0.12, reading nonwords (P = 0.32, and category fluency (P = 0.06. Conclusion: Adding memantine to educational practices is effective in improving RD in school-age children with LD.

  2. SISTEM PENDUKUNG KEPUTUSAN PEMILIHAN LOKASI DAN EVALUASI LOKASI PEMASARAN PRODUK (GULA MENGGUNAKAN METODE AHP (STUDI KASUS : PT.MADUBARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riki Irawan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available PT. Madubaru yang berlokasi di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta bergerak di bidang agro industry dengan memiliki satu pabrik gula dan satu pabrik alkohol dan spiritus, yang dikenal dengan nama PG/PS Madukismo. PG/PS Madubaru di tuntut untuk dapat menciptakan kinerja pemasaran dan penjualan gula pasir yang handal. Dalam pemenuhan sasaran tersebut ada beberapa kendala yang dihadapi oleh perusahaan yaitu dalam proses penjualan gula pasir yang dilakukan tidak tercapai target yang diinginkan. Untuk lokasi yang sudah ada belum dilakukan evaluasi kembali untuk dinyatakan layak atau tidak untuk dilakukan pemasaran kembali dilokasi tersebut. Informasi ini diperoleh berdasarkan hasil wawancara dengan Yudi Pratama selaku wakil Kepala Bagian Pemasaran di PT. Madubaru PG-PS Madukismo. Oleh karena itu PT. Madubaru ingin membuka cabang untuk mendapatkan hasil yang diinginkan dan melakukan evaluasi terhadap lokasi lama yang sudah menjadi lokasi pemasaran sebelumnya. Akan tetapi PT. Madubaru membutuhkan lokasi yang strategis dengan kriteria lokasi yang tepat. Sehingga dapat memaksimalkan penjualan. Dalam mengoptimalkan hal itu tentu ada berbagai kriteria yang saling berlawanan seperti halnya lokasi yang baik tentunya memiliki harga yang sesuai. Sedangkan dalam memilih lokasi lama ini PT. Madubaru melakukan secara manual. Subjek dalam  penelitian ini, adalah aplikasi system pendukung keputusan yang digunakan untuk membantu proses pemilihan lokasi dan evaluasi lokasi lama yang sesuai dengan kriteria-kriteria yang ditetapkan oleh PT. Madubaru. Desain system dengan model proses Modified waterfall. Setelah implementasi selesai, hasil dari system ini, memberikan rekomendasi alternative lokasi yang terbaik serta mengevaluasi lokasi yang sudah ada sehingga dapat diketahui apakah dilajutkan atau tidak lokasi pemasaran tersebut, dengan mengacuh kepada kriteria yang sudah ditentukan dengan menggunakan metode perhitungan AHP. Dari penelitian yang dilakukan menghasilkan perangkat

  3. Making of Croatian Low-Emission Development Strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bartle, B.; Herencic, L.; Kordic, Z.; Pasicko, R.; Vlasic, S.

    2012-01-01

    mitigation actions (NAMAs) or sectoral roadmaps by providing a comprehensive analysis of mitigation potentials, costs and co-benefits. This paper provides an overview of the process of developing the Strategy for Croatia (which should be completed by February 2013) and a review of the proposed measures with special focus on the energy sector.(author)

  4. KATALOG SEBAGAI MEDIA PROMOSI BAGI UMKM KOELON KALIE KROBOKAN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimas Irawan Ihya' Ulumuddin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Sampah merupakan zat yang bersifat organik maupun anorganik yang dihasilkan dari setiap aktifitas manusia, seperti rumah tangga, industri, maupun komersil. Persoalan sampah di Indonesia, terutama di perkotaan merupakan masalah serius. Dinas Kebersihan Kota Semarang mencatat bahwa sampah perkotaan dari tahun ke tahun semakin meningkat seiring laju pertumbuhan jumlah penduduk. Sampah mengakibatkan permasalahan yang komplek, antara lain pembuangan sampah liar yang dapat menimbulkan berbagai penyakit, kota kotor, bau tidak sedap, mengurangi daya tampung sungai dan lain-lain. Tahun 2012, berdiri UMKM “Koelon Kalie” yang bertujuan meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat dengan mengelola sampah plastik menjadi produk yang mempunyai nilai jual. Permasalahannya adalah belum adanya kegiatan promosi yang dilakukan dan hanya melalui mulut ke mulut konsumen dalam memasarkan produk. Media katalog merupakan media yang terjangkau dan efektif. Di dalam media katalog berisi informasi mengenai produk. Informasi yang dicantumkan yaitu nama, spesifikasi, dan harga produk tersebut. Gambaran produk dapat dilihat dengan jelas melalui informasi foto produk yang ditampilkan di media katalog. Berkebalikan dengan media mulut ke mulut yang hanya bisa didengarkan tanpa adanya gambaran produk dengan jelas. Melalui media katalog, konsumen mendapat informasi lebih jelas mengenai gambaran produk olahan sampah plastik. Kata Kunci: katalog, media promosi, UMKM Abstract Trash are an organic and inorganic substance that generated from any human activity, such as household, industrial, and commercial. Trash issues in Indonesia, especially in urban area is a serius problem. Department of Semarang City Sanitation noted that urban trash from year to year increases along with population growth rate. The trash resulting complex problems, such as illegal waste disposal, appear various diseases, dirty city, odor, reduce the capacity of river and others. In 2012, arise MSMEs

  5. POLA AGROFORESTRI DAN POTENSI KARBON KEBUN CAMPURAN DI DESA TELAGA LANGSAT KECAMATAN TAKISUNG KABUPATEN TANAH LAUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Prihatiningtyas

    2017-10-01

    yang digunakan adalah  dengan membuat beberapa plot pengamatan yang mewakili jenis agroforestri; mencatat nama jenis, fungsi, umur semua komponen dalam plot; mengukur Luas Bidang Dasar dan Lebar tajuk pohon dalam plot; kemudian memproyeksikannya secara horizontal dan vertikal. Penghitungan potensi karbon menggunakan metode non-destruktif, dengan persamaan alometrik. Evaluasi sistem agroforestri dan pola tanamnya dilakukan dengan mencatat banyaknya komoditas yang diusahakan. Hasil menunjukkan komponen penyusun dalam kebun campuran di Desa Telaga Langsat antara lain: komponen berkayu berupa karet dan mahoni; komponen pertanian berupa terong, jagung, kacang panjang, cabai, kangkung dan bawang prei; dan komponen satwa berupa sapi dan kambing. Pola agroforestri yang diterapkan adalah agrisilvikultur dan silvopastoral, termasuk dalam agroforestri sederhana. Estimasi cadangan karbon total pada lokasi penelitian per luasan lahan adalah sebesar 0,511 kg/m2.

  6. Hydraulic Behavior in The Downflow Hanging Sponge Bioreactor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izarul Machdar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Performance efficiency in a Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS bioreactor is associated with the amount of time that a wastewater remains in the bioreactor. The bioreactor is considered as a plug flow reactor and its hydraulic residence time (HRT depends on the void volume of packing material and the flow rate. In this study, hydraulic behavior of DHS bioreactor was investigated by using tracer method. Two types of sponge module covers, cylindrical plastic frame (module-1 and plastic hair roller (module-2, were investigated and compared. A concentrated NaCl solution used as an inert tracer and input as a pulse at the inlet of DHS bioreactor. Analysis of the residence time distribution (RTD curves provided interpretation of the index distribution or holdup water (active volume, the degree of short-circuiting, number of tanks in series (the plug flow characteristic, and the dispersion number. It was found that the actual HRT was primarily shorter than theoretical HRT of each test. Holdup water of the DHS bioreactor ranged from 60% to 97% and 36% to 60% of module-1 and module-2, respectively. Eventhough module-1 has higher effective volume than module-2, result showed that the dispersion numbers of the two modules were not significant difference. Furthermore, N-values were found larger at a higher flow rate. It was concluded that a DHS bioreactor design should incorporated a combination of water distributor system, higher loading rate at startup process to generate a hydraulic behavior closer to an ideal plug flow.ABSTRAKEfisiensi unjuk kerja bioreactor Downflow Hanging Sponge (DHS berkaitan dengan lamanya waktu tinggal limbah berada di dalam bioreaktor tersebut. Bioreaktor DHS dianggap sebagai seuatu reaktor aliran sumbat (plug flow dimana waktu tinggal hidraulik (HRT tergantung pada volume pori material isian dan laju alir. Dua jenis modul digunakan dalam penelitian ini, yang diberi nama dengan module-1 dan module-2 untuk melihat pengaruh jenis modul

  7. ANTESEDEN KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KINERJA TUGAS (JOB PERFORMANCE GURU

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    Harif Amali Rivai

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe current research examines fit model of relationships among antecedents of organizational commitment (i.e. perceived organizational support, participative leadership style, psychological empowerment and its impact on job performance of teachers. A theoretical model was estimated using senior high school teachers in Padang. Anonym questionnaires were distributed to maintain confidentiality of the respondents. Two hundred eighty two respondents voluntarily participated and included into statistical analysis. The results of testing model using AMOS 16 found that parti¬cipative leadership style and perceived organizational support have significant effect on organiza¬tional commitment of the teachers. Organizational commitment also demonstrated significant im¬pact on job performance of teachers. Meanwhile, psychological empowerment did not significantly influence on organizational commitment. This study provides insight to help police makers how to improve tearchers’ performance. Implication of the research was also discussed in this study.Key words:Perceived organizational support, participative leadership, psychologival empower¬ment, organizational commitment, job performance.AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji ketepatan model yang menjelaskan anteseden komitmen organisasional (persepsi atas dukungan organisasional, gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif, pemberdayaan psikologis dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja tugas guru. Model teoritis penelitian diestimasi dengan menggunakan sampel dari guru-guru yang mengajar pada Sekolah Menengah Atas di kota Padang. Kuesioner tanpa nama (anonym didistribusikan untuk menjaga kerahasiaan responden. Sebanyak 282 responden dianalisis dalam penelitian ini. Hasil pengujian dengan menggunakan aplikasi AMOS 16.0. menemukan bahwa model teoritikal dapat memenuhi kriteria goodness of fit model. Hasil penelitian mendukung bahwa variable persepsi yang terdiri dari gaya kepemimpinan partisipatif dan

  8. Tradisi Ziarah Makam Bathara Katong (Tinjauan Deskripsi Akulturasi Budaya

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    Amirul Nur Wahid

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Masyarakat Jawa, tak terkecuali masyarakat Ponorogo seringkali memiliki kebiasaan-kebiasaan tertentu yang dilakukakan. Kebiasaan-kebiasaan ini diwariskan secara turun temurun hingga menjadi sebuah tradisi. Tradisi ziarah makam Bathara Katong merupakan salah satunya. Tradisi ini dilakukan oleh masyarakat Ponorogo dan sekitarnya sejak zaman dahulu. Bathara Katong merupakan tokoh sentral dalam penyebaran agama Islam. Pada saat itu terjadi transisi antara agama lama dan baru dari segala aspek. Transisi inilah yang menjadikan akulturasi budaya diantara kedua hal tersebut. Akulturasi budaya ini juga merambah bidang kesenian di area sekitar makam, misalnya munculnya kesenian Jemblung yang merupakan akulturasi antara dua kebudayaan menjadi satu. Selain kesenian, akulturasi juga dapat ditemukan di arsitektur bangunan-bangunan, proses ziarah, serta benda-benda yang dibawa oleh peziarah makam Bathara Katong. Nama Bathara Katong sendiri sebenarnya merupakan sebuah akulturasi kebudayaan. Hanya saja dikarenakan mengikuti perkembangan zaman, tradisi ini juga mengalami perubahan-perubahan dalam akulturasinya. Artikel ini akan mencoba mengupas hal tersebut. Javanese are no exception Ponorogo people have certain habits. This habit is passed down from generation to generation and then becomes a tradition. The pilgrimage tradition of Bathara Katong's tomb is one of them. This tradition is done by the people of Ponorogo and its surroundings since antiquity. Bathara Katong is a central figure in the spread of Islam in Ponorogo. There was a transition between old and new cultures from various aspects. This transition is considered to be the cause of cultural acculturation. Acculturation of this culture also penetrated the field of art in the area around the tomb, for example the emergence of art Jemblung which is the acculturation between two cultures into one. In addition to art, acculturation can also be found in the architecture of the building, the process of

  9. Acid and Base Stress and Transcriptomic Responses in Bacillus subtilis▿†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilks, Jessica C.; Kitko, Ryan D.; Cleeton, Sarah H.; Lee, Grace E.; Ugwu, Chinagozi S.; Jones, Brian D.; BonDurant, Sandra S.; Slonczewski, Joan L.

    2009-01-01

    Acid and base environmental stress responses were investigated in Bacillus subtilis. B. subtilis AG174 cultures in buffered potassium-modified Luria broth were switched from pH 8.5 to pH 6.0 and recovered growth rapidly, whereas cultures switched from pH 6.0 to pH 8.5 showed a long lag time. Log-phase cultures at pH 6.0 survived 60 to 100% at pH 4.5, whereas cells grown at pH 7.0 survived base induced adaptation to a more extreme acid or base, respectively. Expression indices from Affymetrix chip hybridization were obtained for 4,095 protein-encoding open reading frames of B. subtilis grown at external pH 6, pH 7, and pH 9. Growth at pH 6 upregulated acetoin production (alsDS), dehydrogenases (adhA, ald, fdhD, and gabD), and decarboxylases (psd and speA). Acid upregulated malate metabolism (maeN), metal export (czcDO and cadA), oxidative stress (catalase katA; OYE family namA), and the SigX extracytoplasmic stress regulon. Growth at pH 9 upregulated arginine catabolism (roc), which generates organic acids, glutamate synthase (gltAB), polyamine acetylation and transport (blt), the K+/H+ antiporter (yhaTU), and cytochrome oxidoreductases (cyd, ctaACE, and qcrC). The SigH, SigL, and SigW regulons were upregulated at high pH. Overall, greater genetic adaptation was seen at pH 9 than at pH 6, which may explain the lag time required for growth shift to high pH. Low external pH favored dehydrogenases and decarboxylases that may consume acids and generate basic amines, whereas high external pH favored catabolism-generating acids. PMID:19114526

  10. PROSTITUSI KELING (Konstruksi Sosial Masyarakat dan Stigmatisasi

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    Septi Purfitasari

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Keling memiliki prostitusi baik di perantauan maupun lokal. Praktik prostitusi lokalmenunjukkan prostitusi terkait dengan sejarah dan budaya komunitas tersebut.Hal ini juga memunculkan stigmatisasi terhadap perempuan Keling. Penelitian inimengkaji konstruksi sosial masyarakat Keling terhadap prostitusi dan stigmatisasiterhadap perempuan Keling.Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknikpengumpulan data melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan dokumentasi.Analisis data meliputi analisis tematis, analisis tekstual, dan analisis interpretatif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konstruksi sosial prostitusi sebagai kesalahan perempuanyang terlalu tergiur materi dan mencoreng nama baik kyai, sebagai pekerjaanberpenghasilan tinggi, sebagai perusak kualitas generasi muda, sebagai penyebabpenyebaran HIV/AIDS, dan sebagai hiburan yang bergengsi. (2 Stigmatisasi terhadapperempuan Keling, yaitu bukan perempuan baik-baik, cantik-cantik tetapi banyakyang PSK. Tokoh masyarakat tidak sepenuhnya mengakui stigmatisasi. Pelakumengakui stigmatisasi, ada yang menyembunyikan, ada yang merasa bangga.Saranyang direkomendasikan adalah lembaga pendidikan perlu mempertimbangkan latarbelakang sosial budaya siswa sehingga proses transfer of values dalam pendidikanIPS lebih tepat dan dapat menghasilkan output yang baik. Tokoh kesehatan agarmelakukan pendampingan dan sosialisasi terhadap remaja mengenai prostitusi danresiko penularan penyakit. Tokoh agama agar memfasilitasi kegiatan keagamaanbagi generasi muda, tokoh masyarakat agar menertibkan prostitusi berkedok karaoke Implementation of Curriculum 2013 brought a change in the learning process. Regulation ofthe Minister of Education and Culture Number 65/2013 about Standard Process Primaryand Secondary Education hinted on the need for the learning process guided by the rules ofscientific approach. Scientific approach is applied to all subjects for all levels. The applicationof scientific approach certainly can cause

  11. TALES TOLD TO NIGHT: FUNCTION OF THE SURREAL IN FANTASTIC NARRATIVES GECEYE SÖYLENEN MASALLAR: FANTASTİK ANLATILARDA GERÇEKÜSTÜNÜN İŞLEVİ

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    Ebru Burcu YILMAZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The art, which has the power of to transform real by esthetizing, opens a door to metaphoric and fantastic different worlds in literary texts. In a fabulous world, man who is met in an extraordinary adventure is tested by supernatural powers in a fantastic world which is nested by real and magical things. In the object of to reach spiritual integrity, this adventure is presented in an explicit world of the symbolic language to clarify the spiritual structure and images in both literary and holy texts. In this work we try to interpret functionality of the surreal in narratives with samples. Gerçeği estetize ederek farklı görünümler içinde dönüştürme gücüne sahip olan sanat, edebî metinlerde de okuyucuya, mecaz ve fantastikle farklı âlemlerin kapılarını açar. Masalsı bir dünyada, alışılmışın dışında bir serüvenle karşımıza çıkan insan, gerçekle büyülü olanın iç içe geçtiği fantastik bir dünyada doğaüstü güçlerin sınamasından geçer. Ruhsal bütünlüğe ulaşma yolunda gerçekleştirilen bu maceranın gerek edebî gerekse kutsal metinlerdeki görüntüleri, ruhsal yapıyı aydınlatmak için simge dilinin kapalı anlam dünyasıyla birlikte sunulur. Bu çalışmada, gerçeküstünün, fantastik anlatılardaki işlevi örneklerden hareketle yorumlanmaya çalışılacaktır.

  12. MENGGAGAS KONSEP DAN MODEL IDEAL PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP WHISTLEBLOWER DAN JUSTICE COLLABORATOR DALAM UPAYA PENANGGULANGAN ORGANIZED CRIME DI INDONESIA MASA MENDATANG

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    Lilik Mulyadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Praktek perlindungan hukum whistleblower dan justice collaborator khususnya dalam upaya penanggulangan organized crime di Negara Belanda, Jerman, dan Australia terhadap lembaga dan orientasi perlindungannya bersifat variatif dan parsial. Praktek perlindungan di Negara Belanda mempergunakan mekanisme Perjanjian Saksi (Witness Agreements yaitu perjanjian antara jaksa penuntut umum dan saksi untuk memberikan kesaksian (testimoni dengan penghargaan (reward terutama terhadap kejahatan terorganisir (organized crime. Pada negara Jerman melalui undang-undang Perlindungan Saksi Dalam Proses Pemeriksaan Pidana dan Perlindungan Terhadap Korban (Zeugenschutzgesetz/ZschG. Pada hakikatnya, Zeugenschutzgesetz/ZschG mengatur dimensi untuk para saksi, baik saksi korban dan bukan saksi korban. Selain itu, juga diatur masalah hak-hak saksi baik sebelum proses persidangan maupun pada saat proses persidangan. Dalam aspek hak-hak saksi sebelum proses persidangan meliputi proses pemeriksaan saksi di Kepolisian dan Kejaksaan, perahasiaan identitas saksi, dan perubahan identitas saksi. Kemudian hak saksi pada saat proses persidangan berupa pemeriksaan secara terpisah dari tersangka dan pemeriksaan dengan rekaman kamera. Kemudian pada negara Australia melalui Program Perlindungan Saksi Nasional (National Witness Protection Program dengan cara identitasnya dirahasiakan, tidak ada pertanggungjawaban secara pidana atau perdata, perlindungan dari pencemaran nama baik, perlindungan dari tindak pidana pembalasan dan perlindungan kondisional apabila namanya dipublikasikan ke media.   The practice of whistleblower and justice collaborator law protection especially in the effort to destroy the organized crime in Holland, Germany and Australia to the institution and the protect orientation is variation and partial. Protection practice in Holland uses witness agreements, it is the agreement between the public prosecutor and witness to give the testimony with reward, especially to

  13. PERENCANAAN RUTE PERJALANAN DI JAWA TIMUR DENGAN DUKUNGAN GIS MENGGUNAKAN METODE DIJKSTRA S

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    Kartika Gunadi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Many people need geographical information nowadays, such as: the distance between areas, information about some areas, information about nature resources in that area, to search for accident area, and others geographical information. Geographical Information System (GIS is only one from many others solution to seek for geographical information. This research aim is to make software that can give some geographical information for shortest path between towns in East Java. Others information that can be gain is information about governmental, population, tourism places, mountains, special food, handicraft, and traditional art. This software is designed with database not using satellite, so much cheaper compare with using satellite. This software use Dijkstra's method to seek the shortest path from one node to another node in the picture, so this program can't give alternative path. GIS can give answer for anything that related with geographical situation. Peoples can use GIS power to reach for a better life. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Informasi mengenai geografi semakin dibutuhkan oleh banyak pihak, misalnya informasi untuk mengetahui jarak antara satu daerah dengan daerah lain, informasi seputar daerah yang diinginkan, informasi tentang sumber daya alam yang dicari, informasi untuk menemukan lokasi kecelakaan dengan cepat, dan banyak informasi mengenai geografi lainnya. Geographical Information Systems (GIS merupakan salah satu solusi untuk mendapatkan informasi geografi tersebut. Tujuan perancangan adalah membuat suatu perangkat lunak yang dapat memberikan informasi geografi mengenai rute jalan terpendek antara kota yang satu dengan kota yang lainnya di Jawa Timur. Sedangkan informasi lainnya yang dapat diperoleh antara lain informasi mengenai pemerintahan, jumlah penduduk, tempat wisata, nama gunung, makanan khas, kerajinan, dan `kesenian tradisional yang berasal dari suatu daerah. Program ini dirancang tanpa menggunakan satelit namun hanya

  14. CORPORATE IDENTITY DAN PERSONALITY BANK SYARIAH DI SURAT KABAR NASIONAL (Tekstual Analisis Konstruksi Meelalui Publikasi Perusahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juwono Tri Atmodjo

    2015-05-01

    pesan publikasi dari sisi isi, jenis, tampilan, konstruksi yang dibangun dengan berbagai kombinasi tulisan dan gambar dan makna dibalik yang tampak. Hasil penelitian tekstual menunjukkan bahwa identitas dan personaliti bank bank syariah, perawatan untuk pengusaha muda dari kampus, BNI syariah membutuhkan dukungan politik, dukungan regulasi, adalah ISO 9001:2008 sebagai bank memiliki manajemen mutu yang baik. Konstruksi sebagai bank dengan landasan Syariah sebagai implementasi ajaran Agama Islam dikonstruksikan berbeda degan bank reguler dengan memberikan nama produk, istilah bunga, bagian atau divisi, spirit atau nilai serta norma yang bersumber dari ajaran Agama Islam. Tata cara pelayanan, petuhas pelayanan, ornamen perusahaan sampai cindera mata bersumber dari nilai-nilai Agama Islam. Rujukan budaya yang disampaikan bank syariah berkiblat pada budaya negara-negara Islam yang nampak pada sistem keuangan berbasis emas.

  15. Perancangan dan Proses Pembuatan Inner Door Panel Mobil Pick Up Multiguna

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    Bambang Prayogi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sejak tahun 2012 Jurusan Teknik Mesin bekerja sama dengan PT. INKA mengembangkan mobil murah multigna. Mobil pick up tersebut diberi nama GEA. Pengembangan dilakukan pada body, chasis dan engine. Sebagai bagian dari body, pintu mobil juga akan dikembangkan. Pada tahun 2013, penelitian terhadap posisi handle pengatur kaca jendela atau window regulator mobil pick up GEA telah dilakukan. Evaluasi tersebut mengharuskan adanya perubahan desain dari inner door panel. Suatu rancangan pengembangan desain inner door panel perlu dilakukan agar inner door panel dapat diproduksi secara massal. Langkah-langkah penelitian yang dilakukan meliputi penyusunan list of requirement untuk pengembangan konsep, analisa getaran dan tegangan yang terjadi pada panel dengan bantuan software CATIA. Selanjutnya perancangan proses pembuatan dan perancangan punch and dies-nya dilakukan. Dari analisa getaran yang dilakukan, dapat diketahui inner door panel memiliki frekuensi natural sebesar 166,94 Hz (10.016,4 rpm artinya panel aman dan tidak terpengaruh oleh getaran dari mesin mobil. Tegangan yang terjadi pada inner door panel akibat gaya pembebanan pada handle pintu bagian dalam adalah 2,9159 x 107 Pa (2,97 Kg/mm2 sehingga lebih kecil dari tegangan ijin materialnya 13,94 Kg/mm2 dan rancangan masih berada dalam kategori aman. Untuk membuat inner door panel dilakukan 3 macam proses pembentukan yaitu trimming, embossing dan piercing. Total gaya pembentukan masing-masing proses sebagai berikut: Gaya pembentukan proses trimming = 48.96 ton, proses embossing = 26.89 ton dan proses piercing = 41.66 ton. Window regulator yang disarankan untuk digunakan pada mobil pick up multiguna ini adalah scissor type window regulator dengan tenaga penggerak manual. Pada perancangan punch and dies, tegangan kompresi masing-masing proses dihitung dan hasilnya adalah sebagai berikut: Tegangan kompresi proses trimming 0.11 Kg/mm2, tegangan kompresi proses embossing 0.28 Kg/mm2, tegangan kompresi

  16. Sistem Peresapan Elektronik pada Keselamatan Pengobatan Pasien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Asyary

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Dalam banyak penerapannya, penggunaan sistem peresepan elektronik (computerized physician order entry, CPOE dalam penulisan resep terbukti mampu menurunkan angka kesalahan peresepan obat (adverse drug event, ADE. Kesalahan pengobatan seperti kekeliruan penulisan nama obat, penentuan dosis, dan penggunaan jenis obat yang tepat untuk pasien dengan kondisi kesehatan tertentu di pelayanan kesehatan dapat ditekan. Namun, CPOE masih memiliki kelemahan seperti tambahan waktu untuk mengentri data pasien oleh para dokter ke dalam sistem. Untuk meng- evaluasi dampak persepsi pengguna tentang penerapan CPOE terhadap keselamatan pengobatan pasien, suatu penelitian kualitatif telah dilakukan di Gadjah Mada Medical Health Center yang telah mengadopsi sistem ini selama sepuluh tahun. Data dan informasi dikumpukan dengan wawancara mendalam terhadap sembilan dokter (tujuh dokter umum dan dua dokter spesialis sebagai informen pengguna CPOE menggunakan pedoman wawancara, alat perekam suara, buku catat, dan daftar centang observasi. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa sepuluh tahun CPOE telah mampu meningkatkan efektivitas dan efisiensi pelayanan kesehatan, tetapi poten- si ADE masih terjadi akibat gangguan komunikasi pasien-dokter karena perlunya waktu tambahan untuk entri data. Disimpulkan bahwa sistem CPOE belum mampu mendukung pengambilan keputusan untuk mencegah ADE dalam pengobatan pasien. In most of its applications, Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE has been improved patient safety by reducing medication errors and subse- quent adverse drug events (ADEs. Medication error such as elixir in writing, determination of dose, and correct drug type used for patient with certain health condition in health services can be reduced. But, the CPOE still has some weknesses such as additional time to entry the patient information by physician to the sistem. To evaluate the impact of end-user perception using CPOE sistem on patient safety medication, a qualitative

  17. Problem Solving-Based Experiment untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Penalaran Ilmiah Mahasiswa Fisika

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    Muhamad Gina Nugraha

    2017-12-01

    mahasiswa untuk bereksplorasi. Salah satu solusi yang dapat menumbuhkembangkan keterampilan penalaran ilmiah mahasiswa fisika dalam bereksperimen ialah pendekatan problem solving-based experiment. Penelitian dilakukan dengan desain one group pretes-postes design kepada 20 mahasiswa fisika sebagai sampel penelitian. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan ialah instrumen tes penalaran ilmiah yang dikembangkan oleh Lawson yang dikenal dengan nama Lawson Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning (LCTSR dan instrumen lembar kerja mahasiswa (LKM berisi permasalahan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dan pertanyaan arahan mengenai: alat dan bahan, prediksi, eksplorasi, pengukuran, analisis dan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan semua aspek penalaran ilmiah yang diukur, yaitu 1 kemampuan konservasi materi dan volume, 2 berpikir proporsional, 3 identifikasi dan kontrol variabel, 4 berpikir probabilistik, 5 berpikir korelatif, dan 6 berpikir hipotetik-deduktif mengalami peningkatan, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa problem solving-based experiment mampu meningkatkan keterampilan penalaran ilmiah mahasiswa fisika. Kata-kata Kunci: problem solving, eksperimen, penalaran ilmiah

  18. MIKROFLORA PADA TEMPOYAK The Microflora of Tempoyak

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    Hasanuddin Hasanuddin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Tempoyak is a traditional Bengkulu fermented food prepared from spontaneous fermentation of durian (Durio zibethi- nus by wild microorganisms. Tempoyak is found not only in Bengkulu but also as long as Sumatera island with differ- ent names, and also in Malaysia. Tempoyak is a Melayu term meaning fermented durian. The research was conducted to identify microflora in tempoyak, and to select the species of microorganisms which were able to ferment durian ef- fectivelly. The data in this study were laboratory analysis. Samples were collected weekly in a month from productions centre of tempoyak and traditional markets, and analyzed microbiologically to determine and identify the bacteria, yeasts and molds in tempoyak. There were four specieses of lactic acid bacteria found in fermented durian namely Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactobacillus plantarum Lactobacillus curvatus and Leuconostoc mesentroides. While two specieses which were not lactic acid bacteria namely Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Micrococcus varians. One species of yeast was Kluyveromyces marxianus. The molds were identified as Rhizopus oryzae, Monilia sitophila, Mucor roxii, Aspergillus repens and Penicillium sp. Among these specieses three specieses were produced lactic acid namelly Rhizopus oryzae, Monilia sitophila,and Mucor roxii. While Aspergillus ripens and Penicillium sp did not pro- duce lactic acid so these specieses might not function in fermentation process. ABSTRAK Tempoyak adalah makanan khas Bengkulu, yang dibuat dari fermentasi spontan daging buah durian (Durio zibet- hinus oleh mikroorganisme liar. Tempoyak juga bisa dijumpai di berbagai daerah Indonesia di sepanjang pulau Sumatera dengan nama yang berbeda, bahkan sampai ke Malaysia. Istilah tempoyak berasal dari terminolgi Melayu yang artinya adalah durian fermentasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi mikroorganisme yang terdapat pada tempoyak. Data dari penelitian ini adalah data primer dari analisa

  19. PEMBIAYAAN RESTRUKTURISASI INDUSTRI BUS PERKOTAAN SESUAI DENGAN KERANGKA KERJA PROTOKOL KYOTO (Funding for Industrial Restructuring Urban Bus Industry following Kyoto Protocol

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    Danang Parikesit

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sektor transportasi, khususnya sektor angkutan umum telah lama disadari sebagai kontributor utama emisi gas rumah kaca (Green House Gases Emissions. Investasi pada angkutan umum perkotaan sangat dibutuhkan walaupun pembiayaan yang konvensional sering sulit dilakukan karena tingginya tingkat investasi dan prioritas pemerintah saat ini. Angkutan perkotaan juga dilihat sebagai daerah kekuasaan sektor swasta yang membuat pemerintah sulit untuk mengeluarkan uang publik. Ratifikasi Kyoto Protocol telah memberi jalan untuk mengembangkan alternatif pembiayaan untuk pembangunan yang berkelanjutan. Clean Development Mechanism pada Kyoto Protocol telah membuka kesempatan bagi otoritas angkutan umum perkotaan dengan menggunakan prinsip carbon trading. Sumber daya untuk menerapkan proyek angkutan umum perkotaan dengan CDM sangat esensial. Pekerjaan di masa datang harus diarahkan untuk mempelajari metodologi dalam mengkombinasi soft measures dan melaksanakan proyek secara optimal. Pembiayaan dengan sistem CDM ini telah dimulai di Yogyakarta dengan judul The Green House Gases Emission Reduction Program for Urban Buses in Yogyakarta atau Program Penurunan Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca untuk Bus Perkotaan di Yogyakarta. Sebuah aliansi dengan nama YUPTA (Yogyakarta Urban Public Transport Alliance telah dibentuk yang terdiri dari 3 lembaga yaitu Dinas Perhubungan Propinsi DIY, Pusat Studi Transportasi dan Logistik (PUSTRAL UGM dan Koperasi Pengusaha Angkutan Kota Yogyakarta (KOPATA.   ABSTRACT Transportation sector, especially public transportation, has been known as the main contributor to the green house hases emission. Investment to urban public transportation is needed but conventional funding is often difficult to be obtained because of the high investment level and the present government priority. Urban transportation is also seen as a private sector domain making the government difficult to use public fund. Kyoto protocol ratification has opened the way to

  20. Psikologi Subjek Didik Dalam Pandangan Ibnu Sina

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    Hadini Hadini

    2017-09-01

    anak, namun umumnya banyak dirujuk dari kajian Barat, padahal diketahui bahwa epistemologi keilmuan Barat yang empiris, rasianalis dan positivis tentu saja harus dipertanyakan. Karenanya tidak ada jalan lain kecuali harus kembali merujuk pada ilmuan yang bisa menutupi kesenjangan metodologi Barat. Dalam hal ini nama Ibnu Sina dipandang tepat untuk dirujuk pemikirannya, ini karena kemampuannya yang berhasil mengkombinasikan dimensi empiris dengan metode intuisi. Dari hasil penelusuran didapati pemikiran-pemikiran pentingnya tentang psikologi anak, seperti pemikirannya tentang bakat, dan berbagai kecenderungan-kecenderungan anak seperti kecenderungan berimitasi, bermain dan kecenderungan untuk berkompetisi. Kajian Ibnu Sina yang telah berabad-abad tersebut ternyata dilegitimasi oleh kajian Psikogi Pendidikan modern saat ini.

  1. CORPORATE REBRANDING OF GRAMEDIA STORE (CORPORATE REBRANDING DI GRAMEDIA STORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha Helena Kairupan

    2016-10-01

    kepada external customer dilakukan dengan perubahan nama dan identitas perusahaan, melakukan perencanaan publikasi dan pemasaran menggunakan saluran komunikasi baik above the line dan below the line. Perencanaan kepada internal customer dilakukan dengan mengadakan brand induction, training, briefing inspirasi, dan lomba inovasi. Evaluasi dalam proses rebranding Gramedia Store dilakukan dengan focus group discussion dengan customer, media monitoring, dan presentasi ke BOD. Kata kunci : Proses, Corporate Rebranding, Stakeholder Awareness, Identitas Perusahaan, Gramedia Store

  2. Pedoman Penulisan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurnal Informatika JIFO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Redaksi menerima naskah  karangan berupa hasil penelitian, pengembangan dan penerapan dalam bidang Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi, diutamakan hasil dari kelompok kerja penelitian.Semua naskah yang masuk akan direview dan diseleksi oleh Dewan Direksi. Naskah yang telah dikoreksi akan dikembalikan ke penulis untuk diperbaiki, setelah itu diserahkan kembali ke redaksi pelaksana.Aturan Penulisan Jurnal Informatika:1.  Makalah berisi abstrak (bahasa Inggris dan bahasa Indonesia, pendahuluan, tinjauan pustaka, metode penelitian, hasil dan pembahasan, kesimpulan dan daftar pustaka;2.  Judul makalah ditulis dengan huruf kecil Times New Roman 14 spasi 1 (Judul makalah;3.  Keterangan tentang penulis (nama penulis [dicetak tebal], instansi, alamat instansi, telepon, fax dan email ditulis di bawah judul makalah dengan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1;4.  Judul Abstrak ditulis dengan huruf tebal di temangah, Times New Roman 12 spasi 1,5 terhadap isi bawahnya. Isi abstrak (dalam bahasa Inggris dan Abstrak (dalam bahasa Indonesia ditulis memanjang pada satu kolom dnegan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1 dan dicetak miring, dilengkapi dengan max. 3 kata kunci di bawahnya;5.  Sub judul tulisan ditulis  dengan huruf tebal, kecil, Times New Roman 12 sasi 1,4 terhadap tulisan bawahnya dengan penomoran angka biasa (1. Pendahuluan;6.  Selain Abstrak, isi makalah ditulis dalam 1 (satu koom dengan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1;7.  Gambar dan table harus diberi nomor urut, keterangan rigkas dan huruf Times New Roman 12 spasi 1 dan disebutkan dalam isi makalah, gambar harus disesuaikan dengan ukuran halaman jurnal, (Gambar 1…;8.  Persamaan matematik harus ditulis dengan jelas, diberi nomor urut, dan diberi keterangan notasi yang dipergunakan;9.  Contoh penulisan Daftar Pustaka sebagai berikut: Harper, Charles. A., “Handbook of Thick Film Hybrid Microelectronic”, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974;10.  Makalah maksimal 10 halaman, termasuk

  3. Civic Education at Public Islamic Higher Education (PTKIN and Pesantren

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    Azyumardi Azra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available With a brief foundation that covers some reviews of world literature on education and politics, the study points out the significance of developing a certain model of democracy education in the diverse country, Indonesia. The paper aims to establish the development and the excavation of democracy in Indonesia by presenting historical explanation on how Indonesian muslim scholars from UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta developed a suitable model of Indonesian civic education, which considers the elements of diversity as strengthening elements for democracy. Different from Shanker’s view (1996 on the global challenge of civic education, this study shows the successful experience of Indonesian Muslim in the development and application of civic education as a compulsory subject in Islamic education institutions, namely Public Islamic Higher Education (PTKIN and pesantren. Finally, it recommends further development and emphasizes the vital influence on rooting civic education in Pesantren since it will positively play an important role to strengthen the evolving democracy in Indonesia by integrating Islamic and Indonesian values. Abstrak Dengan melakukan review singkat terhadap beberapa literatur internasional tentang pendidikan dan politik, studi ini menunjukkan pengembangan model khusus  pendidikan demokrasi di Indonesia sebagai negara multi etnis. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan perkembangan dan pengembangan demokrasi di Indonesia dengan pemaparan historis  tentang bagaimana muslim Indonesia khususnya di UIN jakarta dalam mengembangkan model Civic Education yang tepat, yang mempertimbangkan  elemen keberagamaan sebagai penguat demokrasi. Berbeda dari pendapat Shanker(1996 tentang tantangan global terhadap pendidikan kewarganegaraan, studi ini menggambarkan pengalaman sukses muslim Indonesia dalam mengembangkan pendidikan kewarganegaraan sebagai mata kuliah wajib di institusi pendidikan Islam dengan nama Perguruan Tinggi Keagaamaan

  4. METODE ISTINBAT HUKUM ZAKAT PROFESI PERSPEKTIF YUSUF AL-QARDAWI DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN OBJEK ZAKAT DI INDONESIA

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    Muhammad Aziz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available One object of charity which to this day is still debated Islamic jurist is zakat profession. There are many things that cause zakat profession are legally without a strong foundation in Islamic legal tradition, including; existence of zakat profession has never been practiced by the Prophet at the time he was still alive, it makes the existence of this zakat profession be considered ahistorical in Islamic law. Even NU, which is listed as a major Islamic organizations, have not decided the concept of zakat profession that has become the lifestyle of the upper middle-class Muslims in Indonesia. Other facts show that the practice of this profession charity raised in Indonesia after the emergence of Yusuf al-Qardlawi book entitled fiqh al-zakah, which is one of the points of study is obligatory zakat for Muslims profession. So the facts mentioned above, this study is important to do. Therefore, the wishes expressed in this study are; how the method istinbath charity law profession perspective of Yusuf al-Qardawi? And what are the implications of these ideas to the output object development of zakat in Indonesia? This study concluded that, the method used by Yusuf al-Qardawi in beristinbath to determine the basis of the profession zakat is obligatory for every Muslim is qiyas method, provided that: Maqis 'alaih it is charity gold and silver; ‘illat it is growing (al-nama'; legal obligation for the profession zakat worth with gold-silver or gold as mandatory alms-silver; and his charity far'u profession. While the implications arising from the results of istinbath method as mentioned above for object development of zakat in Indonesia is, that the object of zakat in Indonesia, which was originally based solely on the object based charity that conventional classical fiqh (gold-silver zakat, agricultural-crops, animals etc., toward the object charity in the field of occupations and professions that grow and thrive in the modern era, such commissioners

  5. ANALISIS NILAI – NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PADA NOVEL SUTASOMA KARYA COK SAWITRI DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA KELAS XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sariasih Sariasih

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan: (1 Nilai-nilai Penddikan Karakter Novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri, (2 Struktur novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri, dan (3 Relevansi nilai pendidikan karakter dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Kelas XII. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif  kualitatif. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi dengan media kartu data. Analisis data dengan menggunakan  model  analisis kualitatif yang  yang memiliki tiga tahap: (a reduksi data, (b penyajian data, (c penarikan kesimpulan dan verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hal berikut. Pertama, novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri memuat nilai- nilai pendidikan karakter yaitu religius, jujur, toleransi, disiplin, kerja keras, kreatif, mandiri, demokratis, rasa ingin tahu, semangat kebangsaan, cinta tanah air, menghargai prestasi, bersahabat atau komunikatif, peduli lingkungan, peduli sosial. Kedua novel Sutasoma terdiri dari struktur dalam dan luar. Struktur dalam atau unsur intrinsik, yaitu tema, alur, latar, penokohan serta sudut pandang. Adapun simpulan penelitian ini yaitu : (1 Novel Sutasoma memuat 17 nilai-nilai pendidikan karakter, (2 Struktur novel sutasoma terdiri dari struktur dalam dan struktur luar, (3 Proses kreatif pengarang dalam menciptakan novel yang terinspirasi dari karya Empu Tantular dengan judul resmi Parusadha yang populer dengan nama Sutasoma. Dalam kisah novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri ternyata ditemukan pula proses ajaran Mahayan Tantra, yang mengungkapkan jalan rahasia yoga tantra, dan bagaimana seorang raja menerapkan dharma agama, dharma negara tanpa mempehitungkan kebhinekaan. Alur pada novel Sutasoma karya Cok Sawitri  dengan nilai -nilai pendidi kan karakter yang terdapat di dalamnya dapat memberikan inspirasi bagi pembaca. Hal ini berarti ada nilai-nilai positif yang dapat diambil dan direalisasikan oleh pembaca dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Nilai pendidikan karakter dalam

  6. PEMASARAN PRODUK HASIL OLAHAN IBU RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN KAMPUNG MELAYU KECAMATAN SUKAJADI KOTA

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    hardi hardi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Absrtak: Pemasaran merupakan ujung tombak untuk melakukan penngenalan suatu produk. Dalam dunia persaingan yang semangkin ketat, setiap pelaku usaha dituntut agar tetap bertahan hidup dan berkembang. Oleh karena itu seorang pemasaran dituntut untuk memahami permasalahan pokok dibidangnya dan menyusun strategi agar dapat mencapai tujuan.Pelaksanaan kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini dilaksanakan di Kelurahan Kampung Melayu Kecamatan Sukajadi Kota Pekanbaru. Pada awal pelaksanaan pengabdian masyarakat ini dilaksanakan pada Nopember 2015 peserta yang diharapkanKelompok Penjahit kenari dan Ibu-iburumahtangga. Dalam pengabdian masyarakat ini, para peserta diberikan materi tentang : pembekalan kewirausahaan untuk dapat mempromosikan hasil olahan yang dibuat, dengan kemampuan skill yang dimiliki dapat digali dan dikembangkan untuk mendapatkan keuntungan yang maksimal.Pada akhirnya pertemuan pengabdian masyarakat ininantinya, kami sebagai Tim pengabdian masyarakat  menyarankan  para peserta untuk dapat menggali, mengembangkan kreativitasnya, Disamping itu untuk  masalah permodalan kita sarankan untuk  mengajukan peminjaman pada kelurahan dengan nama usaha ekonomi Kota Pekanbaru dan program Perbankan dapat memberikan permodalan untuk Usaha Kecil Menengah. Abstract: Marketing is spearheading to penngenalan product. In the world of competition semangkin tight, every business is required in order to survive and thrive. Therefore, a marketing required to understand the underlying problems in their field and develop strategies in order to achieve the goal.Implementation of community service activities is carried out in Kampung Melayu subdistrict Sukajadi Pekanbaru. At the beginning of the implementation of community service was held in November 2015 expected participants Tailor Group walnuts and mother-housewife. In this community service, the participants were given materials on: increased entrepreneurship in order to promote the processed products are

  7. STRATEGI MENCIPTAKAN, MEMPERTAHANKAN DAN MENJUAL PERSONAL BRANDING JELANG PEMILU 2014

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    Bambang Joko Priyono

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is made to describe some of the definitions of PersonalBranding from various sources. So it is expected to increase our understanding and theknowledge about Personal Branding. Because to know how a character creation process, orbetter known as the Personal Image or Personal Branding is not something so difficult.Creating it is easy, but how to manage and maintain a self branding that has made it moredifficult. Discussion of the results obtained to the fact that the Personal Branding is theimage of the person that was built by the person concerned and appreciated by peoplearound him. Perhaps in simple language Personal Branding can be defined as "Good Name".Personal branding is what is at present have already become the current identity. Whereidentified and associated with what you have today. By building personal branding today,anyone can be more natural in the future. Personal Branding is the key to build and generatemillions of people who are professionals. Personal brand (brand yourself is used as a tool toshape the views of others to yourself, especially in the 2014 election period nears. Tujuan dari penulisan makalah ini dibuat untuk menjabarkan beberapa definisiPersonal Branding dari berbagai sumber. Sehingga diharapkan bisa menambah pengertiandan pemahaman kita seputar Personal Branding. Karena untuk mengetahui bagaimana sebuahproses penciptaan karakter atau yang lebih dikenal dengan Personal Image atau PersonalBranding bukan hal yang begitu sulit. Menciptakan itu mudah, tapi bagaimana mengelola danmempertahankan branding diri yang sudah diciptakan itu yang lebih sulit. Dari hasilpembahasan didapatkan fakta bahwa Personal Branding adalah pencitraan terhadap diriseseorang yang dibangun oleh orang yang bersangkutan dan diapresiasi oleh orangsekitarnya. Mungkin dalam bahasa yang sederhana Personal Branding dapat diartikan sebagai“Nama Baik” . Personal branding adalah apa yang di miliki sekarang yang sudah

  8. Spatio-temporal characteristics of the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) in the East African region via ionospheric tomography during the year 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassa, T.; Damtie, B.; Bires, A.; Yizengaw, E.; Cilliers, P.

    2015-01-01

    We present the characteristics of the EIA in the East African sector inferred from ground-based GPS receivers via ionospheric tomography during the year 2012. For the analysis, we developed and used a 2D ionospheric tomography imaging software based on Bayesian inversion approach. To reconstruct ionospheric electron density form slant Total Electron Content (sTEC) measurements, we selected a chain of ten ground-based GPS receivers with stations' codes and geomagnetic coordinates: ARMI (3.03 °S, 109.29 °E), DEBK (4.32 °N, 109.48 °E), ASOS (1.14 °N, 106.16 °E), NEGE (3.60 °S, 111.35 °E), SHIS (3.26 °N, 110.62 °E), ASAB (4.91 °N, 114.34 °E), SHEB (7.36 °N, 110.60 °E), EBBE (9.54 °S, 104.10 °E), DODM (16.03 °S, 109.04 °E) & NAMA (11.49 °N, 113.60 °E). The temporal, spatial and storm-time characteristics of the EIA and the hourly, day-to-day and seasonal variations of the maximum electron density of F2 region (NmF2) at 15.29°S geomagnetic latitude are presented. We found that the magnitude of the peak and the width/thickness of the EIA pronounced during the equinox and weakened during the solstice seasons at 2100 LT. It is also observed that the EIA persisted for longer time in equinox season than the solstice season. The spatial appearance of the northern and southern anomalies are observed starting from 6.12 ° N and 10 ° S respectively along geomagnetic latitude during equinox season. The EIA is localized between 180 km and 450 km along the altitude during December solstice. The analysis on the NmF2 demonstrated a significant dependence on local time, day and season of the year. We also investigated the storm response of the EIA for the magnetic storm of Day Of the Year (DOY) 274-276. It is observed that the disturbance dynamo related composition change (O/N2 ratio) resulted in a well-developed EIA with an increase in the peak and the width of the EIA at 2100 LT on DOY 275 (main phase of the storm) compared to 274 (initial phase of the storm

  9. Persamaan Unsur Pokok Pada Suatu Merek Terkenal (Analisis Putusan MA Nomor 162 K/Pdt.Sus-HKI/2014

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    Dandi Pahusa

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Equation Basic Element In A Famous Brand (Analysis of the Decision of the Supreme Court Number 162 K / Pdt.Sus-IPR / 2014. Criteria for determining the equation of the constituents in a well-known brand that is the similarity of images, sounds, names, words, letters, numbers, color composition or a combination of these elements, either for goods or services that are similar or dissimilar based on general knowledge of the public, the brand earned a reputation as a massive campaign, and with evidence of the trademark registration in several countries. The impact of the decision of the Supreme Court Number 162 K / Pdt.Sus-IPR / 2014 for brand owners who have registered and well-known to always protect its brand, namely by taking into account the bad faith of the owner of the other brands. If there are other brands that have been registered in the Directorate General of Intellectual Property and published in General News Brands, the owner of the mark that has been registered in advance immediately appealed and the cancellation of the trademark. Abstrak: Persamaan Unsur Pokok Pada Suatu Merek Terkenal (Analisis atas Putusan MA Nomor 162 K/Pdt.Sus-HKI/2014. Kriteria penentuan persamaan unsur pokok pada suatu merek terkenal yaitu adanya kemiripan gambar, bunyi, nama, kata, huruf-huruf, angka-angka, susunan warna atau kombinasi dari unsur-unsur tersebut, baik terhadap barang atau jasa yang sejenis maupun tidak sejenis yang didasarkan pada pengetahuan umum masyarakat, reputasi merek yang diperoleh karena promosi besar-besaran, dan disertai bukti pendaftaran merek tersebut di beberapa negara. Dampak dari putusan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 162 K/Pdt.Sus-HKI/2014 bagi pemilik merek yang telah terdaftar dan terkenal agar selalu melindungi mereknya yaitu dengan memperhatikan adanya itikad tidak baik dari pemilik merek lain. Apabila terdapat merek lain yang telah terdaftar di Dirjen HKI dan diumumkan dalam Berita Umum Merek, maka pemilik merek yang telah

  10. LEGENDA KBO IWA : ASAL-USUL DANAU BATUR DI BALI

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    Erlis Nur Mujiningsih

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This paperstudies the Bali legend that is the former of Lake Batur. The background story of this legend is the story of Kbo Iwa. Based on the study f Olrix Epic Law, the story of Kbo Iwa is found in all laws except the fifth and sixth i.e. the opposing state law and the legal skeleton of twin brothers. Typically the name "batur" refers to something early and holy related to the source of living water. Geography Lake Batur is associated with Tirta Empul Pool providing the holy water, the largest water source in Bali Island. The sanctity of the lake is marked with the oral tradition of Bhakti Pakelem which obliges local communities to implement a regular basis. The tradition is carried out on the lake and in the mountains to keep the balance of life because the word "batur" in addition to marking the lake is also to mark the mountain and marking Pura Ulun Danu Batur. Thus, the former of the lake cannot be separated from the meaning of the mountain and temple positions. Although, the nature of the legend as other legends does not relate to things that are sanctified, the story of Kbo Iwa can be said to be a rationale importance of the water resources. Abstrak: Tulisan ini mencoba  mengakaji legenda di pulau Bali yaitu asal-usul Danau Batur. Kisah yang menjadi latar legenda ini adalah kisah Kbo Iwa. Berdasarkan kajian Hukum Epik Olrix,  Kisah Kbo Iwa terdapat semua hukum kecuali hukum kelima dan keenam yakni hukum keadaan yang berlawanan dan hukum anak kembar kerangka. Secara khas nama “batur” mengacu pada sesuatu yang awal  dan suci yang berhubungan dengan sumber air kehidupan. Geografi Danau Batur berhubungan dengan pemandian Tirta Empul yang mengeluarkan air suci,  sumber air terbesar di pulau Bali. Kesucian danau tersebut ditandai tradisi lisan Bhakti Pakelem yang mewajibkan masyarakat sekitar melaksanakannya secara rutin. Tradisi itu dilaksanakan di danau dan di gunung untuk menjaga keseimbangan kehidupan karena kata

  11. Fungsi Dan Makna Simbolik Kesenian Jaranan Jur Ngasinan Desa Sukorejo Kecamatan Sutojayan Kabupaten Blitar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Zahrotul Mufrihah

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Jaranan Jur Ngasinan merupakan kesenian yang tumbuh dan berkembang di Desa Sukorejo Kecamatan Sutojayan Kabupaten Blitar. Kesenian Jaranan Jur Ngasinan memiliki keunikan dalam hal fungsi yang disesuaikan dengan kepercayaan masyarakat pendukungnya. Berdasarkan latar belakang tersebut, peneliti mengajukan beberapa rumusan masalah yakni bagaimana fungsi dan makna yang terkandung dalam Kesenian Jaranan Jur Ngasinan Desa Sukorejo Kecamatan Sutojayan Kabupaten Blitar. Adapun tujuan khusus dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan fungsi dan makna simbolik Kesenian Jur Ngasinan Desa Sukorejo Kecamatan Sutojayan Kabupaten Blitar. Data diperoleh peneliti dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif studi kasus. Peneliti memfokuskan pada isu atau persoalan, kemudian memilih satu kasus terbatas untuk mengilustrasikan persoalan. Subjek pada penelitian ini Tari Tayung Raci, terdapat didalamnya yaitu isi kesenian dari pertunjukan dan pelaku seni. Hasil penelitian antara lain fungsi Jaranan Jur Ngasinan sebagai sarana ritual, presentasi estetis, sebagai pengikat solidaritas kelompok masyarakat, dan sebagai media pelestarian budaya. Kedua, makna kesenian Jaranan Jur Ngasinan Desa Sukorejo Kecamatan Sutojayan Kabupaten Blitar terdapat pada nama “Jur”, gerak, musik, tata rias dan busana, property, dan pola lantai. Dari penjelasan itu dapat disimpulkan bahwa Jaranan Jur Ngasinan memiliki berbagai fungsi dan memiliki makna simbolik tentang prajurit yang juga terkait dengan nilai-nilai budaya masyarakat di sekitar sana. Jaranan  Jur Ngasinan is an art which grow and develop on Sukorejo village, Sutojayan sub-distric, Biltar regency. This art has uniqueness in function which compromise to supporting community’s. Based on that background, the researcher make some research questions there are how are function and meaning which are contained in Jaranan Jur Ngasinan art, Sukorejo Village, Sutojoyan Subdistrict, Blitar Regency. There are special purposes from

  12. Catching the Wave. Summary of discussions during workshop in Cambridge 9th and 10th February 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neuhoff, K.; Lester, S.; Laing, T.; Cust, J.; De Coninck, H.C.

    2009-03-01

    Domestic action will be the key to shift developing countries onto low-carbon development trajectories. At the workshop in February 2009 we identified three sets of open questions that have emerged in the international discussion on climate cooperation with developing countries. (A) International support for domestic action and enabling environments. Technology action plans, sustainable development policies and measures and nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are all concepts that rely on domestic policies and actions to shift economies on a low-carbon growth path. We are interested to better understand what are the domestic barriers and drivers for such actions, how international support could unlock some of the domestic discussions, and what type of support would be helpful in the specific circumstances of a country and sector. (B) Indicators to manage implementation of domestic action. While theoretical analysis and initial concepts for policies are often promising, their successful implementation repeatedly turned out to be more challenging. Experience in recent years points to the value of intermediate indicators to monitor, quantify and manage the implementation, to learn from comparison with other countries, and to make governments accountable for their actions or inactions. We are interested to explore the specific indicators that could support the implementation of policies with climate co-benefits, and discuss with stakeholders criteria for their evaluation, and to find categories to allow for the use of such indicators under UNFCCC reporting frameworks. (C) International technology cooperation as basis for domestic action. New technologies and the adoption of technologies from other countries and sectors play a central role in many decarbonisation strategies. This has been recognised and is reflected in a variety of proposals for international technology cooperation. We will explore frameworks to categorise the proposed mechanisms; although

  13. Veiksmažodžio gramatinės kategorijos ir baltų kalbos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letas Palmaitis

    2011-12-01

    Lithuanian, 17 in Lat­vian and at least 5 screeves testified in Prussian.7. Dynamicity-stativity is a classificationary lexical-grammatical category in Baltic. Dynamical are verbs expressing an action, statical verbs express a process or state. Transitive verbs are always dynamical, intransitive verbs being dynamical (including passives and reflexives and statical. The lat­ter are distinguished by the neutralizing of the active and the passive voice since no conversive trans­formation of the situation (which is not transitive! is possible. Formally conversive intransitive verbs (as Lith. eĩna — eĩnama are in fact medial, verbs with the active form being medio-active eĩna and verbs with the passive form being medio-passive (eĩnama.

  14. PEMIKIRAN DAN KONTRIBUSI MUḤAMMAD MUṢṬAFĀ AL-A‘ẒAMĪ DALAM STUDI HADIS

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    Umma Farida

    2016-03-01

    dianalisis secara deskriptip dan kritis. Hasil dari studi ini menemukan bahwa kontribusi yang dilakukan oleh al-A‘ẓami dalam studi hadis adalah: (1 untuk menunjukkan bukti bahwa penulisan hadis dilakukan sejak masa Nabi. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan keberadaan sedikitnya 52 sahabat yang mempunyai dokumentasi teks-teks hadis, dan juga untuk mengklarifikasi dan menambahkan sedikitnya 21 nama yang menjadi sekretaris Nabi Allah dan tidak pernah dimunculkan oleh para ulama hadis sebelumnya. (2 untuk menggambarkan 20 argumen yang menunjukkan bahwa istilah samā‘ dan taḥdīṡ tidak hanya digunakan untuk penyampaian verbal tetapi juga untuk mendiktekan, menerima, dan mengajarkan hadis dalam medium tertulis.(3 untuk membuktikan validitas isnād melalui studinya dari tiga hadis yang dinarasikan oleh ratusan orang dalam banyak wilayah yang berbeda. (4 untuk memperkuat dan mengembangkan ide-ide muḥaddiṡīn melalui langkah-langkah sistematis untuk menguji kritik hadis, mencakup penelitian tentang karakter para perawi, perbandingan silang atau mu‘āraḍah, dan kritik nalar. Kata-kata Kunci: Contributions, al-A‘Ẓamī, ḥadīṡ, Islamicist, dan samā‘.

  15. RELIEF JENIS-JENIS FAUNA DAN SETTING LINGKUNGANNYA PADA PAHATAN DINDING CANDI BOROBUDUR (Fauna and Environmental Setting Reliefs on Sculptured Wall of the Borobudur Temple

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    Bambang Agus Suripto

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Dalam perkembangan kebudayaannya, manusia selalu akrab dengan fauna yang hidup di sekitar lingkungannya. Pada dinding gua yang pernah dihuni oleh manusia, bangunan candi, piramid, sphinx dsb. dijumpai gambaran tentang fauna. Pada dinding Candi Borobudur banyak dijumpai relief berbagai kelompok fauna tetapi belum diketahui apakah fauna itu semuanya berasal dari India atau terdapat pula kelompok yang ada atau pernah ada di Pulau Jawa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui relief jenis-jenis fauna yang dipahat pada dinding candi Borobudur, dan mengetahui asal-usul jenis yang tergarnbar pada relief itu dari Pulau Jawa atau dari India. Informasi itu diharapkan dapat diungkapkan ada tidaknya gambaran setting lingkungan Pulau Jawa tercermin pada pahatan di dinding Candi itu. Relief fauna pada pahatan dinding langkan, dinding utama bagian atas-bawah di tingkatan Rupadhatu dipotret dan nama kelompok fauna diindentifikasi dengan buku-buku kunci identifikasi bergambar, kemudian penyebaran alami masing-masing kelompok fauna diketahui melalui kajian pustaka. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif untuk mengungkap ada atau tidaknya gambaran setting lingkungan Pulau Jawa yang tercermin pada pahatan di dinding Candi Borsbudur. Pada dinding Candi Borobudur terdapat relief paling sedikit 25 jenis anggota Osteichthyes, Reptilia, Aves dan Mammalia yang dipahat secara natural, dan terdapat paling sedikit 5 jenis hewan yang dipahat secara setilir. Semua jenis fauna itu terdapat di Asia Selatan, dan beberapa di anlaranya secara alami tidak pernah hidup di Pulau Jawa, misalnya singa Pantera leo. Setting lingkungan India Abad VII tervisualisasi dengan baik pada relief pahatan dinding Candi Borobudur, tetapi setting lingkungan Pulau Jawa sampai sebelum masa penjajahan Belanda tidak tergambar dengan baik.   ABSTRACT In the cource of culture development, human was always close to fauna in their surrounding areas. Pictures of fauna are found in

  16. Strategi Komunikasi Program Internet Sehat Dan Aman Kementerian Komunikasi Dan Informatika Republik Indonesia (Studi Kasus Evaluasi Program Incakap Tahun 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sucianty Dyah Astuti

    2016-07-01

    program internet sehat dan aman (4 Terjadi beberapa perubahan sejak awal dilaksanakannya program INSAN pada tahun 2008 hingga tahun 2015 sebagai hasil dari evaluasi program yang dilakukan KemKominfo, yaitu : (i perubahan INSAN nama sejak tahun 2003 menjadi INCAKAP, (ii Perubahan Logo INSAN, (iii perubahan maskot INSAN.

  17. Penyingkapan Diri Ibas Yudhoyono Dalam Instagram Dan Reaksi Ani Yudhoyono Terhadap Postingan Instagram Ibas

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    Suzy Azeharie

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Edy Baskoro Yudhoyono’s or well known as Ibas is the youngest son of the former President SBY and currently active as a politician for Democratic Party and member of Parliament. Thus it is important for Ibas as a political actor to do self-disclosure and convey political messages through his social media accounts. The main object of this paper is Ibas’s post in his Instagram account as a media for unveiling himself. This paper will also discuss about Mrs. Ani Yudhoyono or Ibas’s mother, the former first lady, in given response and reaction on the Ibas’s post. Methodology used for data collection in this paper is content analysis. The results of the content analysis show that Ibas was frequently post pictures of his family than his political activities. Moreover Ibas himself never respond to all incoming comments from his followers. Eventhough it was positive comments. Surprisingly, reaction and response was given by Mrs. Ani Yudhoyono. In many of Ibas’s post, Mrs. Ani Yudhoyono was sharp and yet keen on responding to the comments coming from Ibas’s followers. Mrs. Ani Yudhoyono response was often received disapproval and negative comments from other followers, because to their concern Mrs. Ani Yudhoyono was not using the right grammar of English and this eventually led to a hot debate between fellow follower's comments. The final conclusion that can be obtained is Ibas did not make his Instagram account as a media unveiling herself but only using his account as a medium for sharing photos. Which appear to be more active in doing communication and self-disclosure is Mrs. Ani Yudhoyono herself. Edy Baskoro Yudhoyono atau lebih dikenal dengan nama Ibas merupakan putra bungsu dari mantan presiden SBY dan saat ini aktif sebagai politikus Partai Demokrat dan juga anggota DPR RI. fokus utama dalam penelitian ini adalah postingan Ibas dalam akun instagramnya yang merupakan sarana untuk penyingkapan dirinya, serta bagaimana reaksi Ibu Ani

  18. Konstruiranje hipermuškosti putem tijela u crnačkoj popularnoj kulturi: vizualna analiza naslovnica rap albuma

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    Zlatko Bukač

    2010-09-01

    „pravi muškarci“. Koncept muškosti je postao moćan alat, no Nixon (1997, po uzoru na Jeffreya Weeksa, govori da je to još jedna izmišljena kategorija koja je produkt kulturnih značenja dodanim određenim atributima, kapacitetima, dispozicijama i formama ponašanja u određenim povijesnim trenucima (Nixon, 1997. Unatoč „izmišljenoj“ prirodi takva koncepta ne smijemo zanemariti moć tih kategorija nad nama. Potrebni su nam da se kao gledatelj, konzument, subjekt i objekt pozicioniramo u odnosu prema drugima, lociramo u svijetu, kako fizičkom tako i mentalnom.

  19. Kontribusi FIPMI dalam Mewujudkan Kerukunan Antarmazhab Islam

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    Muhammad Zaki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini mengkaji mengenai terbentuknya Forum Taqrib yang lebih di kenal dengan nama Forum Internasional Pendekatan Antar Mazhab-Mazhab Islam (FIPMI dilatarbelakangi kondisi umat Islam, khususnya Sunni dan Syiah. Tokoh printis berdirinya Forum Taqrib Borujerdi memiliki alasan yang tepat memilih tokoh-tokoh ulama al-Azhar untuk dapat diajak berkomunikasi dan dialog untuk mewujudkan ide taqrib. Hal ini disebabkan ulama al-Azhar, selain reputasi keilmuannya diakui dunia juga lebih disebabkan mereka berpikiran moderat tidak fanatik. Hampir semua tokoh yang dikaji berpikiran bahwa taqrib artinya mendekatkan umat untuk saling mengenal dan memahami, bukan memaksakan umat untuk menganut suatu mazhab. Semua tokoh juga sepakat, bahwa perbedaan antara Sunni dan Syiah, tidaklah prinsip. Meskipun ada yang menyatakan prinsip, yaitu  dalam hal imamah. Titik temu akan diperoleh, jika Syiah tidak meletakkan imamah pada tataran akidah prinsip yang dapat menyebabkan kekafiran bagi yang menolaknya. Hal ini sudah ditegaskan oleh Borujerdi bahwa masalah imamah adalah sejarah masa lalu dan tidak perlu diungkit lagi karena tidak akan ada hasilnya. Yang terpenting sekarang adalah mencari kesepakatan rujukan hukum dalam menjalani kehidupan beragama dan berbangsa ini. Borujerdi menawarkan Al-Qur’an dan Ahlulbait, karena sesuai dengan hadis, bahwa keduanya adalah sumber hukum yang tidak akan pernah terpisah. Inilah yang dipesankan dalam hadis Tsaqalain. Hadis ini disepakati oleh Sunni dan Syiah kesahihannya karena diriwayatkan dalam kitab-kitab mereka. Upaya-upaya yang dilakukan Forum Taqrib dalam mewujudkan persatuan dan perdamaian, yakni: Taqrib juga telah melakukan sosialisasi keberadaannya dengan mengadakan pertemuan-pertemuan rutin, seperti konferensi tahunan dan pertemuan berkala lainnya, serta penerbitan majalah atau jurnal. This article examines the formation of Forum Taqrib that is usual known by the name of the International Forum of Inter Approach schools

  20. Sekuen Nukleotida Gene Shiga like toxin-2 dari Isolat Lokal Escherichia coli O157:H7 asal Hewan dan Manusia (NUCLEOTIDES SQUENCES OF SHIGA-LIKE TOXIN 2 GENES OF ESCHERICHIA COLI O157:H7 LOCAL ISOLATES ORIGINATED FROM ANIMALS AND HUMAN

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    I Wayan Suardana

    2017-04-01

    untuk menghasilkan satu atau lebih cytotoxin yang sangat potensial yang dikenal dengan nama Shiga-like toxin (Stx atau verocytotoxin, khususnya dari jenis Stx2 yang terkait erat dengan kejadian hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS pada manusia. Studi ini bertujuan menganalisis susunan nukleotida dari gen stx2 antara isolat asal hewan dan manusia dalam upaya mengkaji potensi zoonosis yang ditimbulkannya. Kegiatan penelitian diawali dengan kultivasi 20 isolat E. coli O157:H7 koleksi hasil penelitian sebelumnya dengan rincian dua isolat asal tinja sapi, dua isolat asal daging sapi, dua isolat asal tinja ayam, dua isolat asal tinja manusia non-klinis, dan 12 isolat asal tinja manusia klinis (asal penderita gagal ginjal. Isolat sebanyak 20 tersebut dikonfirmasi pada media selektif sorbitol MacConkey agar (SMAC yang dilanjutkan dengan uji latex O157 aglutination test serta uji antiserum H7. Analisis molekuler komplit gen stx2 yang meliputi open reading frame (ORF dari gen stx2 dilakukan menggunakan primer rancangan peneliti yaitu Stx2(F/Stx2(R. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua isolat yaitu KL-48 (2 asal tinja manusia dan SM-25 (1 asal tinja sapi positif membawa gene stx2 yang ditandai dengan produk PCR 1587 bp. Analisis hasil sekuensing menunjukkan kedua isolat memiliki susunan gene stx2 yang identik dengan E. phaga 933 dan E. coli ATCC 43894. Hasil ini mengindikasikan kedua isolat lokal berpotensi sebagai agen zoonosis dengan efek klinis yang serupa dengan E. phaga 933 dan E. coli ATCC 43894.

  1. IMPLIKASI YURIDIS PENETAPAN DIREKSI BPR BERBENTUK PT BERDASARKAN POJK NOMOR 20/POJK.03/2014 TENTANG BPR

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    Evina Dhana Hermansyah

    2016-04-01

    .  Dalam hal salah satu anggota Direksi BPR tidak terisi, maka BPR menetapkan pengganti anggota Direksi penggantinya kepada OJK berdasarkan POJK.POJK menetapkan jangka waktu 120 (seratus dua puluh hari kepada BPR untuk menetapkan Direksi pengganti. Nama calon anggota Direksi yang diajukan BPR kepada OJK tidak serta merta diterima oleh OJK. Calon anggota Direksi yang diajukan tersebut harus memenuhi kriteria dan persyaratan yang ditetapkan oleh OJK. Jurnal ini ditulis untukmenganalisis implikasi yang timbul terhadap BPR sehubungan dengan penetapan anggota Direksi berdasarkan POJK. Selain itu, penulisan jurnal ini juga untuk mengetahui bagaimana bentuk perbuatan hukum yang dilakukan selama susunan anggota Direksinya belum memenuhi ketentuan POJK.Dalam beberapa kasus, BPR dapat berkali-kali mengajukan permohonan calon anggota Direksinya sehingga BPR melewati batas waktu yang ditentukan dalam POJK untuk memenuhi jumlah minimum anggota Direksi. Secara normatif berdasarkan POJK, BPR dapat dikenai sanksi atas tidak terpenuhinya jumlah minimum anggota Direksi walaupun hal tersebut bukanlah mutlak kesalahan BPR.Jurnal ini disusun dengan metode penelitian yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan peraturan perundang-undangan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, ketentuan dalam POJK ini sehubungan dengan penetapan anggota Direksi BPR masih belum memberikan kepastian hukum bagi BPR. Ketentuan di dalam POJK terkait dengan pelaksanaan peneteapan anggota Direksi BPR  dapat menyebabkan BPR tidak memenuhi jumlah minimum anggota Direksi untuk jangka waktu yang relatif lama. BPR yang tidak memenuhi jumlah minimal anggota Direksi menyebabkan BPR tersebut tidak memiliki organ yang utuh sebagai suatu badan hukum. Kata kunci: peraturan OJK, BPR, penetapan direksi

  2. ¿PERMITE SER FELIZ LA MORAL CRISTIANA?

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    Waldo Romo P

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La pregunta que encabeza el artículo ya es desafiante: "¿Permite ser feliz la moral cristiana?". Existe la posibilidad de responder negativamente. El autor, después de analizar algunos pensadores (Nietzsche, entre ellos que han negado a la moral cristiana la posibilidad de hacer feliz al ser humano, presenta las condiciones de posibilidad para que dicha moral se encauce a ser un camino de felicidad. Entre esas condiciones se destaca: el paso de una moral heterónama a una moral de autonomía teónoma, una moral centrada en la persona más que una moral centrada en la ley, una moral de discipulado que pone primero el amor y luego el cumplimiento normativo. Profundiza, al respecto, en el logion de Jesucristo: "El que me ama, cumple mis mandamientos". Esta enseñanza plantea el orden secuencial de toda moral cristiana: porque se ama a Jesús, se entiende el cumplimiento de las normas. Estas se transforman, entonces, en el "test" verificador del amor. De lo contrario, se permanece en un ritualismo normativo, que en defintiva hastía y no lleva a la felicidad. Por ello, el artículo profundiza en una moral de opción fundamental expresada en actitudes y actos morales coherentes con esa opción. Si las condiciones de posibilidad propuestas se llegan a dar, la interrogante que organiza el artículo tendrá una respuesta positivaThe question that heads this article is already challenging: "Does Christian morality permit one to be happy?" The possibility of responding negatively exists. The author, after analyzing the contributions of some thinkers (Nietszche among them who have denied the possibility that Christian morality could make human beings happy, presents the conditions that would orient said morality towards the possibility of becoming a path to happiness. Among those conditions, the author highlights: the passage from a "heteronomous" morality to a morality of "theonomous" autonomy, a morality centered on the person rather than a morality

  3. PERSEPSI KONSUMEN THEMATIC COFFEE HOUSE TERHADAP MEREK, KUALITAS PRODUK DAN PELAYANAN SERTA NILAI PELANGGAN PRODUK KOPI LOKAL (Survei Konsumen Filosofi Kopi Jakarta Selatan

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    Hesty Nurul Utami

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara penghasil kopi terbesar di dunia dengan tingkat konsumsi kopi yang diproyeksikan terus meningkat setiap tahun serta didukung meningkatnya jumlah coffee house di Indonesia. Filosofi Kopi merupakan coffee house yang beroperasi kurang dari satu tahun di wilayah Jakarta dengan konsep thematic coffee house yang menjual kopi lokal khas Indonesia yang harus bersaing dengan coffee house internasional yang membuka cabangnya di kota besar seperti Jakarta. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan persepsi konsumen terhadap kesadaran merek, kualitas kopi, kualitas pelayanan dan nilai pelanggan di Filosofi Kopi untuk meningkatkan daya saing coffee house lokal di Indonesia. Membangun merek dapat memberikan perlindungan secara legal terhadap keunikan sebuah merek, sedangkan kualitas produk dan kualitas pelayanan dapat meningkatkan nilai yang dirasakan konsumen. Sehingga suatu produk akan berhasil jika memberikan nilai yang lebih tinggi bagi konsumen dan dapat dijadikan sebagai alat ukur daya saing. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan diagram ular sebagai alat analisis data. Sampel dipilih melalui teknik proporsional stratified random sampling terhadap 60 orang responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsumen sulit untuk mengingat nama jenis kopi yang dijual namun mudah mengenali logo dengan perspektif positif atas rasa dan aroma kopi lokal yang superior dan cara penyajian kopi yang tepat, namun belum didukung fasilitas layanan coffee house yang memuaskan konsumen. Edukasi konsumen dan kampanye pemasaran melalui merek dan kualitas produk diperlukan untuk meningkatkan daya saing kopi lokal. Kata kunci: kopi lokal, jasa makanan, penciptaan nilai, perilaku konsumen Abstract Indonesia is one of the largest coffee producer in the world with coffee consumption level predicted to be increased every year and supported by the rise of coffee house in Indonesia

  4. DESAIN DAN PEMBUATAN MESIN PENGERING LADA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PEMANAS UAP BERBAHAN BAKAR KAYU LIMBAH

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    A. Muhammad Idkhan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Design and Machine Dryer Lada Using Steam Heating Fuel Wood Waste. Pepper or pepper has the Latin name Piper nigrum and the family Piperaceae. Part pepper plant that is used is the fruit strung like wine. The drying process is carried pepper farmers today still take advantage of sunlight in a sense is still very dependent of weather and time. Pepper drying machine working system using hot steam from the kettle obtained from the fire / heat in the burning of waste wood, use was using the principle of heat transfer. Hot steam oven entered through the input pipe and then go into a hot radiator and circulates in the oven to dry pepper and lower water content. The research is a design research and experimentation in the form of theoretical study, the design of machines and dryers making machine pepper. Manufacture of machinery and laboratory trials conducted in the Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering Education FT UNM and field trials conducted in the village of the District Salassae Bulukumpa Enrekang. Drying is carried out for six hours to produce a water content of pepper eleven point nine, mustard seeds intact without shrunken shape with more or less uniform color. With the pepper drying machine is expected to benefit the preservation process yields so that people no longer rely on the weather for drying, speeding the drying process and improve the quality of dried pepper.Abstrak. Desain dan Pembuatan Mesin Pengering Lada dengan Menggunakan Pemanas Uap Berbahan Bakar Kayu Limbah Merica atau Lada memiliki nama latin Piper nigrum dan merupakan famili Piperaceae.. Bagian tanaman lada yang dimanfaatkan  adalah buahnya yang terangkai seperti anggur. Proses pengeringan yang dilakukan petani lada sekarang ini masih memanfaatkan sinar matahari dalam arti masih sangat bergantung cuaca dan waktu. Sistem kerja mesin pengering lada menggunakan panas uap dari ketel yang diperoleh dari api / panas pada pembakaran kayu limbah

  5. Carbon stocks quantification in agricultural systems employing succession and rotation of crops in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Michele K. C.; Marinho, Mara de A.; Denardin, José E.; Zullo, Jurandir, Jr.; Paz-González, Antonio

    2013-04-01

    Soil and vegetation constitute respectively the third and the fourth terrestrial reservoirs of Carbon (C) on Earth. C sequestration in these reservoirs includes the capture of the CO2 from the atmosphere by photosynthesis and its storage as organic C. Consequently, changes in land use and agricultural practices affect directly the emissions of the greenhouse gases and the C sequestration. Several studies have already demonstrated that conservation agriculture, and particularly zero tillage (ZT), has a positive effect on soil C sequestration. The Brazilian federal program ABC (Agriculture of Low Carbon Emission) was conceived to promote agricultural production with environmental protection and represents an instrument to achieve voluntary targets to mitigate emissions or NAMAS (National Appropriated Mitigation Actions). With financial resources of about US 1.0 billion until 2020 the ABC Program has a target of expand ZT in 8 million hectares of land, with reduction of 16 to 20 million of CO2eq. Our objective was to quantify the C stocks in soil, plants and litter of representative grain crops systems under ZT in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Two treatments of a long term experimental essay (> 20 years) were evaluated: 1) Crop succession with wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)/soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril); 2) Crop rotation with wheat/soybean (1st year), vetch (Vicia sativa L.)/soybean (2nd year), and white oat (Avena sativa L.)/sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) (3rd year). C quantification in plants and in litter was performed using the direct method of biomass quantification. The soil type evaluated was a Humic Rhodic Hapludox, and C quantification was executed employing the method referred by "C mass by unit area". Results showed that soybean plants under crop succession presented greater C stock (4.31MgC ha-1) comparing with soybean plants cultivated under crop rotation (3.59 MgC ha-1). For wheat, however, greater C stock was quantified in plants under rotation

  6. Analisis Vegetasi Hutan Rawa Gambut Pascakebakaran di Wilayah Desa Sebangau dan Desa Taruna Jaya

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    Reri Yulianti

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kebakaran  merupakan  salah  satu  penyebab  kerusakan  hutan  tropis  di Indonesia. Kerusakan yang berlangsung selama kebakaran hutan bersifat eksplosif artinya terjadi dalam waktu relatif cepat dan areal yang luas. Salah satu tipe dari ekosistem hutan hujan tropis adalah hutan rawa gambut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah  (1  mengkaji  komposisi  jenis,  (2  mengkaji  keanekaragaman  jenis,  (3 mengkaji  distribusi  jenis,  (4  mengkaji  asosiasi  jenis  (5  mengkaji  persentase ketidaksamaan komunitas vegetasi di hutan rawa gambut bekas kebakaran tahun 1997, 2002, dan 2006.Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei sampai Juni 2009 di wilayah Desa Kalampangan Kecamatan Sebangau dan Desa Taruna Jaya Kecamatan Jabiren Raya Kalimantan Tengah. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan membuat petak ukur dan kemudian melakukan identifikasi jenis. Titik-titik sampel ditentukan dengan metode random sampling dengan cara undian. Semua jenis dalam petak ukur dicatat nama, diukur   diameter   batang   serta   jumlahnya   dan   dikelompokkan   sesuai   tingkat pertumbuhannya. Hasil   penelitian   adalah   1   Ditemukan   8   jenis   vegetasi   antara   lain Cratoxylon  arborescens,  Combretocarpus  rotundatus,  Timmonius  wallichianum, Acroychia  porteri,  Acacia  auriculiformis,  Xylopia  fusca,  Ilex  macropylla,  dan Diospyros  hermaproditich.  2  Keanekaragaman  pada  hutan  rawa  gambut  bekas kebakaran  sangat  rendah.  3  Jenis  Cratoxylon  arborescens  dan  Combretocarpus rotundatus mempunyai kemampuan regenerasi yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan jenis yang lainnya. Hal ini terlihat dari INP kedua jenis vegetasi yang memiliki nilai INP tertinggi. 4 Asosiasi yang diperlihatkan oleh banyak jenis (tingkat pertumbuhan pohon, tiang, pancang, semai pada hutan rawa gambut bekas kebakaran adalah asosiasi  positif  yang  artinya  seluruh  spesies  lebih

  7. Die betekenis van die bepalings van die 1996 Grondwet: Die aanhef en hoofstuk 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Venter

    1998-11-01

    against the background of the social contract theory. The weaknesses of this theory are exposed and it is argued that the force external to the Constitution that guarantees its primacy, is its practical legitimacy, i.e. sufficient support or acceptance of the authority of the Constitution by the citizenry. Section 2 is phrased in strong terms and means that no juridically relevant conduct, be it of a private or public law nature, can escape the test of constitutionality.In the interpretation of section 3 the nature of citizenship and nationality is analysed with reference to international authorities and definitions of these concepts are developed. The legal implications of citizenship in the context of the Constitution are set out and the historical context of citizenship having been used in pre-constitutional times as an instrument for creating separate ethnic states, is described. The current post modern tendency in places to devalue citizenship is contrasted with the importance being attached to the notion in South Africa in the context of nation building and the employment of expatriates.Regarding sections 4 and 5 the formal regulation of the national anthem and national flag is described. The national anthem may be amended by presidential proclamation, but changes to the national flag require an amendment of the Constitution.Section 6, which deals with the complex language matter, protects linguistic diversity rather than the status of any languages. The Constitutional Court has determined that, although no express provision to this effect exists, individuals are entitled to use the language of their choice in their dealings and communications with the government. The state is required to promote "the indigenous languages of our people." This is interpreted to include the nine official indigenous African languages, Afrikaans, Khoi, Nama and San. In the determination of language policies Municipal Councils are required to take the language usage and preferences of

  8. Stylistics of Khaje Abd ol-Lah Ansari’s Epistles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azadeh Poode

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available  Abstract Stylistics is a knowledge that has been particularly considered by writers and speakers. Literary style of every writer shows the way of indicating speaker's thought and it is his opening key of speech's style in conveying meaning to the addressee's mind. Type of words, structures, sentences, and the way of interpreting meaning are factors in literary style elements. The effect of Khaje Abd ol-Lah Ansari's word on Sufi didactic literature is known among literary scholars. Deeply mystical concepts' integration with eloquent style in song has made the works of Khaje eternal so stylistic research about his works can show good points in literary aesthetics of his works. So besides Al-Sufi categories, his five epistles are the most preferred among his works that are described in this study.   Khaje Abd ol-Lah Ansari is among mysticism and Persian literature celebrities that besides having numerous writings, he is worthy to be analyzed in this subject in order to study his methods in writing his Sufism didactic works especially in five epistles of Kanz ol-Salekin, Vareda'at, Del va Jan, Haft Hesar, Ghalandar nama, and the pattern that is for providing next works.   At the lexical level , Khaje Abd ol-Lah's style does not have a manifest feature. His only lexical feature is repetition that is seen in three levels of letter, word, and sentence. Sometimes he repeats a word in several consecutive sentences and even in several pages. Number of old words and sounds are very few in epistles that this simplicity of language relates to the addresses that are common people and his didactic works.   According to linguistic and literary level, epistles are closer to the second period of Persian prose than the first period there is no sign of oldness in these works. Arabic words are used moderately and most of these words have been used in its modern sense. At syntax level, he has used prefix verbs specially "Dar" and

  9. Trust Building Model of Customers on B2c Websites: A Research on Generation Y Customers / B2c Web Sitelerinde Müşterilerin Güven Oluşturma Modeli: Y Jenerasyonu Müşterileri Üzerine Bir Araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Emre Civelek

    2018-03-01

    naması gerçekleştirilmiştir. Marka algısı ve marka güvenini ölçmek için Han vd’nin geliştirdiği ölçekler kullanılmıştır (Han, Nguyen, & Lee, 2015.  Çevrimiçi ağızdan ağıza iletişim boyutunu ölçmek için Goyette vd.’nin geliştirdiği ölçekler kullanılmıştır (Goyette, Ricard, Bergeron, & Marticotte, 2010. Test sonuçlarına ağızdan ağıza iletişim içeriği ile marka algısı ve ağızdan ağıza iletişim yoğunluğuyla marka algısı ve marka güveni arasında pozitif yönlü bir ilişki tespit edilmiştir.

  10. Fibre composition and enzyme activities in six muscles of the Swedish reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K-H. Kiessling

    1983-05-01

    . sternocephalicus. Fiiberien identifioitiin kaytettiin kahta histokemiallista menetelmaa, ensimmainen perustui myosin ATPase aktiivisuuksiin preinkubaation jalkeen pH 4,3:ssa ja 4,6:ssa ja toinen oksidatiiviseen kapasiteettiin mitattuna NADH dehydrogenase aktiivisuutena. Nama kaksi menetelmaa antoivat hienoisen eron, mutta antaa aihetta yleiseen johtopaatokseen, etta niista kolmesta fiiberityypista (I, II A ja II B tyyppi II B fiiberit, jotka ovat nopeasti supistavia, glycolyyttisia, koostuvat suunnilleen 40 - 60 % (keskimaarin 50 % lihaksista. Tyyppi I fiiberit, jotka ovat hitaasti supistavia, oksidatiivisia, tekee 30 % lihaksen kokonaismaarasta niissa kahdessa niskalihaksessa, mutta vain 20 % tai vahemman muissa. Kolmas tyyppi, II A, joka on nopeasti supistava, oxidatiivinen, glycolyyttinen, tekee vain 20 % niskalihasten maarasta, mutta niin paljon kuin 40 % M. longissimus dorsi.sta. Oksidatiivinen kapasiteetti on lapeensa korkea. Tama patee myoskin kapasiteettiin oksidoida rasvahappoa, vaikkakin saavuttaa vain puolet aktiivisuudesta aikaisemmista loydoista Huippuvuorten poroissa (Kiessling ja Kiessling, 1983. Lactate dehydrogenase aktiivisuus on verrattain alhainen kaikissa lihaksissa. Korkea respiraatioketju aktiiviteetti ja rasvahappo oksidaatio seka alhainen lactate dehydrogenase aktiivisuudet eivat sovi laisinkaan hyvin yhteen korkea sisaltoisten tyyppi II B fiiberien kanssa lihaksissa. Tama korkea II B sisaltoinen on myoskin odottamaton huomioonottaen poron aktiivisuus kayttaytymisen. Aivan erilainen tehtava tyyppi II B fiibereille, traditionaaliseen verrattuna, on siksi keskusteltu.

  11. TINGKAT KEPUASAN PENGGUNA APLIKASI INTERSYSTEM BUSINESS SOLUTION (IBS PADA PT CITAJAYA INFINITE SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderes Gui

    2009-05-01

    dari penelitian ini adalah kinerja aplikasi ini sudah cukup memenuhi harapan pengguna.Kata kunci: tingkat kepuasan, pengguna, aplikasi IBSPENDAHULUANPersaingan dalam dunia bisnis saat ini sangat cepat dan tinggi sekali. Perusahaan harus dapat memproses setiap data menjadi informasi yang akurat secara cepat. Hal ini berhubungan dengan pengambilan keputusan untuk mendukung strategi bersaing perusahaan. Untuk mengolah data yang demikian banyaknya dari hasil kegiatan harian perusahaan menjadi informasi yang tepat dan secara cepat, tentulah bukan merupakan pekerjaan mudah. Oleh karena itu, saat ini banyak perusahaan yang menggunakan sebuah aplikasi. Aplikasi ini dapat membantu pekerjaan user (pengguna aplikasi dalam mengolah data menjadi informasi yang berharga bagi jajaran manajemen maupun non-manajemen.Demikian pula pada perusahaan integrasi sistem dan penjualan perangkat keras komputer pada perusahaan. Pada awalnya, penggunaan komputer untuk membantu proses bisnis di perusahaan memakai Microsoft Office Excel sebagai alat bantu pengolah data transaksi mereka. Akan tetapi, dengan perkembangan perusahaan yang semakin besar dan kebutuhan pengolahan data yang semakin kompleks dan banyak, maka perusahaan ini memutuskan untuk membangun sebuah aplikasi yang cocok untuk mendukung proses kerja mereka. Intersystem Business Solution (IBS, demikian nama aplikasi yang mereka beli dari sebuah perusahaan pembuat software.Ruang lingkup penelitian ini dibatasi pada aplikasi IBS yang digunakan oleh divisi pembelian dan persediaan, penjualan, dan keuangan, lingkungan penelitian dilakukan pada perusahaan, yaitu di kantor Jln. Arjuna Utara No. 9I, Jakarta Barat.Menurut Kotler (2003: 61, “satisfaction is person’s feelings of pleasure or disappointment resulting from comparing a product’s perceived performance (or outcome in relation to his or her expectations”. Yang artinya bahwa kepuasan adalah perasaan orang akan kesenangan atau kekecewaan yang disebabkan membandingkan hasil kinerja

  12. The Punta del Este Suspect Terrane: a possible counterpart in Eastern Uruguay of the Namaqua Complex and Gariep Belt in Western Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Basei, M.; Peel, E.

    2005-01-01

    two tectono-stratigraphic sets with the eastern portion occupied by parautochthonous units of a passive continental margin (Port Nolloth Zone) and a western allochthonous domain (Marmora Terrane). The evidences of blueschist facies metamorphism, countless times referred in the literature (Kröner, 1974; Porada, 1979), have been recently ruled out by Frimmel and Hartnady (1992). The sedimentation period of the Gariep Group is attributed to the Neoproterozoic because it lays discordantly on the rhyolite units (Ross Pinah Formation) dated by the single zircon evaporation technique as 735Ma (Frimmel, 1995). Meert §& Van der Voo (1994) correlated diamictite intercalations, probably of age between 580 and 560 Ma, in the upper portion of the Gariep Group with the glacial deposits of Vendian age. The northeastern portion of the Gariep Group is covered by not metamorphosed sediments of the Nama Group. In the South-American counterpart, that is, the South-Brazilian region and the Uruguayan territory, an old western domain is observed The Central Domain is represented by the Rio de La Plata Craton (sensus Almeida et al.,1973) ,by de Nico Perez Terrane (Bossi et al.,1992 ;Valentines Block,PavasTerrane (Preciozzi et al.,1979) and the Rivera granitic-gneissic complex ..All of them were generated or intensively reworked during the Neoproterozoic, distributed along its eastern border and as a whole organised in the NE-SW direction. In these domain, a granitic-migmatitic infrastructure and sedimentary basins and low- to medium metamorphic grade covers predominate, related to the Lavalleja-supergroup and Zanja del Cerro Grande Group The Rocha formation is developed as a metasedimentary cover in the Punta del Este Terrane,being associated to the Atlantic Domain. Geochronologic studies recently performed in the southeastern portion of Uruguay allowed the identification of igneous rocks with U-Pb ages in zircons ranging from 650 to 1000Ma. These ages, added to the geological

  13. Environmental and economic effects of the Copenhagen pledges and more ambitious emission reduction targets. Interim report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schleich, Joachim; Duscha, Vicki; Peterson, Everett B. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe (Germany); Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics

    2010-06-15

    Global carbon dioxide emissions need to be reduced by at least 50 to 85 % in 2050 compared to 2000 levels to limit global surface temperature increase to 2 C compared to preindustrial levels (IPCC 2007). As an intermediate greenhouse gas emission reduction target for industrialized countries in 2020 the IPCC (2007) confirmed a range of 25 % to 40 % compared to 1990, together with a substantial deviation from baseline in some developing regions, which was quantified as reductions in the range of 15 % to 30 % below baseline (den Elzen and Hoehne 2008). This report explores the environmental and economic effects of the pledges submitted by industrialized and major developing countries for 2020 under the Copenhagen Accord as quantifiable emission reductions or as NAMAs. Two scenarios reflect the lower (''weak'') and upper (''ambitious'') bounds of the Copenhagen pledges leading to emission reductions of 17 % below 1990 levels for Annex I countries and 13 % below reference levels for Non-Annex I countries. Both scenarios do not reach the level of ambition indicated as necessary by science to keep temperature increase below 2 C. In addition, two scenarios in accordance with the IPCC range for reaching a 2 C target are analyzed with industrialized countries in aggregate reducing their CO{sub 2}-emissions by 30 % and by 40 % in 2020 compared to 1990 levels, respectively. For all four policy scenarios the effects of emission paths leading to a global reduction target of 50 % below 1990 levels in 2050 are also simulated for 2030. In the scenarios for 2030 all but the least developed countries are assumed to take on emission targets, but emission caps are considerably less stringent for developing countries than for developed countries. In addition, a separate scenario is carried out which estimates the costs of an unconditioned EU 30 % emission reduction target. The analyses are carried out with the dynamic Computable General

  14. Peran Tradisi Lisan Iko-Iko Berbasis Sastra Melayu dalam Penguatan Komunitas Etnis Bajo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Ketut Suardika

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Etnia Bajo merupakan  suatu komunitas berbudaya  Melayu hidup secara berkelompok  di berbagai wilayah pesisir pantai dan pulau terpencil eli Nusantara dan Asia Tenggara. Di Kawasan Barat Indonesia dan Malay­ sia Barat disebut Orang Laut, atau Suku Laut. Di Malaysia Timur, Brunai Darussalam, dan Philipina disebut Orang Bajau.Meskipun memiliki nama yang berbeda-beda berdasarkan  geografis tempat tinggalnya, tetapi dari segi  budaya  memiliki  persamaan  khususnya  proses  pewarisan  pengetahuan,  nilai, dan  keterampilan dalam bentuk  penguatan  komunitas  melalui tradisi lisan Iko-iko, nauya (nyanyian dan pantun. Beberapa kajian  menunjukkan   bahwa  Etnis  Bajo  ini  berasal  dari  Selat  Malaka,  selanjutnya   mereka  tersebar  di kawasan  Kepulauan  Melayu  (Malaysia,  Indonesia,  Brunai Darussalam, dan Philipina  akibat  kedatangan imperialisme  Portugis  yang merebut  Malaka  pada tahun 1511, Orang Bajo  sebagai salah satu inti rakyat Kerajaan Malaka bangkit melawan Imperialisme Portugis, setelah kerajaannya  takluk. mereka tetap melan­ jutkan perlawanan  eli laut dengan tersebar  di eli berbagai  kawasan tersebut. Pola pemukiman  yang semi­ nomaden  sebagai  nelayan  tradisional,  mengakibatkan  mereka mengembangkan sistem  pembelajaran  asli (learning comunitas system. Salah satu media pembelajaran  yang banyak digunakan adalah iko-iko (cerita kepahlawanan, jenis  tradisi  lisan  ini terancam  punah karena  kurang  eliminati generasi  muda, umumnya mereka yang bisa mengisahkannya berusia sekitar 50 tahun ke atas. Tradisi sastra iko-iko berperan menyam­ paikan pesan  moral dan semangat  juang yang dituturkan  secara lisan  dari generasi  ke generasi, berkisah tentang kepahlawanan dan elibawakan selama beberapa jam yang dinyanyikan menjelang tidur dan atau saat dalam  pelayaran.  Ciri  khas  iko-iko  adalah  lirik  dan baitnya  secara  teratur  yang

  15. KEKERASAN TERHADAP PEREMPUAN: PERSPEKTIF PEMIKIRAN AGAMA DAN SOSIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hasbi

    2015-12-01

    لديني أصبحا – كثيرا ما – مسببا لفعل العنف تجاه المرأة. حاولت هذه الدراسة – بوجهة النظر الإجتماعي الديني – دراسة ظاهرة هذا العنف في كثير من المجتمعات. إن الإسلام لا يفرّق بين كنه الرجل والمرأة. والفرق والتفوّق بينهما كانا في التقوى. وفي الناحية الإجتماعية فإن الرجل والمرأة متساويان متوازيان . فوقوع التعارض وهو العنف تجاه المرأة في العلمين يؤدّى إلى ظهور الحركة النسائية حاولت – ليس فقط -  إقامة العدل والمساواة بين الرجل والمرأة، بل إعادة بناء الفكرة عن دور ووظيفة المرأة  للحصول على النظام العادل للآراء عن العدل والمساواة.  وعلى الأقل لابد من وجود الحركة النسائية كحركة إصلاحية للنساء لتكوين العلاقة الأحسن بين الرجل والمرأة.Abstrak: Membincang kekerasan termasuk kekerasan terhadap perempuan sejatinya membincang relasi sosial dalam rentang panjang sejarah umat manusia. Kekerasan terhadap perempuan menampakkan diri dalam beragam bentuk, muncul dari ranah sosial, budaya, ekonomi, politik bahkan dari dan atas nama agama dalam semua tingkatan masyarakat.Relasi sosial dan pemahaman keagamaan acapkali menjadi pemicu kekerasan terhadap perempuan. Melalui perspektif sosiologis dan agama, kajian ini berusaha untuk mengeksplorasi kekerasan terhadap perempuan yang muncul dalam beragam entitas masyarakat. Dalam ranah agama, Islam sejatinya memandang bahwa tidak ada distingsi antara laki-laki dan perempuan karena ia (Islam membawa misi kesetaraan, parameter distingsi hanyalah ketaqwaan kepada Tuhan..Dalam ranah sosiologis, semua manusia baik laki-laki maupun perempuan sejatinya berada

  16. FOREWORD: Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Milton W.; Crespi, Vincent H.; Dresselhaus, Gene F.; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Mahan, Gerald D.; Sofo, Jorge O.

    2010-08-01

    course. But when I played tennis with him for the first time, I found that he was an amazing tennis player as well. He hit the ball really hard, and his serves were amazingly fast. During his stay, Peter liked stopping over at a typical traditional Japanese-style pub for dinner by himself. One day he wanted to have a beer before dinner. However, he was not sure how to order draft beer in Japanese, and the manager of the pub did not understand English. He carefully listened to what the customers around him said when they ordered beer. He then said in a loud voice, 'Please give me a glass of mama beer.' In Japan, female servers in pubs are often called 'mama' by customers, and we call draft beer 'nama beer' because 'nama' means 'living' in Japanese. Probably 'nama' sounded like 'mama' to Peter. Later he proudly told me, with a happy smile, how he got a delicious draft Kirin beer. Peter loved not only science but also traditional Japanese culture. He was a polished person. I would like to show you the words written in his own hand in my visitor's book when he came to my home after playing tennis in 1997. May his soul rest in peace!' Photo Millie Dresselhaus (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA): 'At the time of Peter's entry into the study of sp2 carbons in 1974, the field was an eclectic area of science that only interested a small group of aficionados. Through his many contributions during the next 35 years as well as those of others, the field has grown dramatically, and now it is a major area of interest in condensed matter and materials physics worldwide. Working on joint projects together with Peter Eklund was both educational and enjoyable. In our joint efforts, I was responsible for the big picture, Peter was the master of experimental details and Gene Dresselhaus was the man responsible for getting things done well and on time. During the last 35 years of his life, starting from his postdoctoral period, we enjoyed a close working relation, especially for the

  17. Overcoming the risk of inaction from emissions uncertainty in smallholder agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, N. J.; Ryan, C. M.

    2013-03-01

    The potential for improving productivity and increasing the resilience of smallholder agriculture, while also contributing to climate change mitigation, has recently received considerable political attention (Beddington et al 2012). Financial support for improving smallholder agriculture could come from performance-based funding including sale of carbon credits or certified commodities, payments for ecosystem services, and nationally appropriate mitigation action (NAMA) budgets, as well as more traditional sources of development and environment finance. Monitoring the greenhouse gas fluxes associated with changes to agricultural practice is needed for performance-based mitigation funding, and efforts are underway to develop tools to quantify mitigation achieved and assess trade-offs and synergies between mitigation and other livelihood and environmental priorities (Olander 2012). High levels of small scale variability in carbon stocks and emissions in smallholder agricultural systems (Ziegler et al 2012) mean that data intensive approaches are needed for precise and unbiased mitigation monitoring. The cost of implementing such monitoring programmes is likely to be high, and this introduces the risk that projects will not be developed in areas where there is the greatest need for agricultural improvements, which are likely to correspond with areas where existing data or research infrastructure are lacking. When improvements to livelihoods and food security are expected as co-benefits of performance-based mitigation finance, the risk of inaction is borne by the rural poor as well as the global climate. In situ measurement of carbon accumulation in smallholders' soils are not usually feasible because of the costs associated with sampling in a heterogeneous landscape, although technological advances could improve the situation (Milori et al 2012). Alternatives to in situ measurement are to estimate greenhouse gas fluxes by extrapolating information from existing

  18. Long-term landscape evolution of the South Atlantic passive continental margin along the Kaoko- and Damara Belts, NW-Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menges, Daniel; Glasmacher, Ulrich Anton; Hackspacher, Peter; Schneider, Gabriele; Salomon, Eric

    2015-04-01

    The Kaoko Belt in northwestern Namibia originates in the collision of the Rio de la Plata and Kongo Craton during the Pan-African Orogeny in the Neoproterozoic (1) and represents the northern arm of the Damara Orogen. NW-Namibias continental crust mainly consists of the NE-SW striking intracontinental branch of the Pan-African Damara mobile belt, which separates the Congo from the Kalahari craton. The Damara Orogen is divided into several tectonostratigraphic zones that are bounded by steeply dipping, ductile shear zones. These regional lineaments can be traced at least 150 km offshore (2). The lithostratigraphic units consist of Proterozoic and Cambrian metamorphosed rocks (534 (7) Ma - 481 (25) Ma (3) as well as Mesozoic sedimentary and igneous rocks. From Permo-Carboniferous to Mid Jurassic northern Namibia was affected by deep erosion of the Damara Orogen, Permo-Triassic collisional processes along the southern margin of Gondwana and eastern margin of Africa (4), and the deposition of the Nama Group sediments and the Karoo megasequence (5). Between the Otjihorongo and the Omaruru Lineament-Waterberg Thrust early Mesozoic tectonic activity is recorded by coarse clastic sediments deposited within NE trending half-graben structures. The Early Jurassic Karoo flood basalt lavas erupted rapidly at 183±1 Ma (6). The Early Cretaceous Paraná-Etendeka flood basalts (132±1 Ma) and mafic dike swarms mark the rift stage of the opening of the South Atlantic (7). Early Cretaceous alkaline intrusions (137-124 Ma) occur preferentially along Mesozoic half-graben structures and are called the Damaraland Igneous Province (8). Late Cretaceous alkaline intrusions and kimberlite pipes occur in northern Namibia. Post Early Paleocene siliciclastic sedimentation in Namibia was largely restricted to a 150 km wide zone (9) and is represented by the Tsondab Sandstone Formation (~ 300 m thickness). The oldest part has an age of early Paleocene and the upper part span from middle Miocene

  19. RESOLUSI KONFLIK KASUS SYAIKH AL-MUTAMAKIN DALAM TEKS KAJEN DAN CEBOLEK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Muslich

    2015-08-01

    حمد تضرّ المسلمين وطلبوا من الحكّام أن يقوموا عليه بالتحكيم، ولكنّ الشيخ أحمد المتمكّن قائم على الحق الذي يعتقده. حاول كي كتيب أنوم وغيره من العلماء في تذكيره ونصحه ولكنّ الشيخ على رأيه، بل استمرّ هو في تربية الكلاب من قدس ( 12 كلبا وسمّى أكبرها عبد القهّار، وله كذلك أربعة كلاب صغار ودعا رئيسها قمر الدين. أدى هذا إلى تجريح شعور المسلمين. اتفق العلماء على حمل هذه المسألة إلى السلطنة هادينينجرات سوراكرتا. أرسل السلطان نائبه دانوريجو وديمانج أوراوان وسيطا في حلّ هذا النزاع. استطاع هذان الوسيطان – بذكاءهما – حلّ هذا النزاع وإرضاء الطرفين. والدرس من هذا النزاع وما له من سبيل الحلّ هو أن طريقة حلّ مشكلة من المشاكل ليس دائما بالعقاب ولكنّ الأفضل بالحوار.Abstrak: Penelitian ini menggali konflik antara Syaikh Ahmad al-Mutamakkin dengan Ki Ketib Anom Kudus yang dilatarbelakangi oleh paham sufisme. Ajaran tentang ilmu mistik Syaikh Ahmad al-Mutamakkin dianggap bertentangan dengan syari’at yang dibawa oleh Nabi Muhammad SAW. Menurut Ki Ketib Anom dan ulama-ulama pesisir Pantai Utara Jawa Timur ajaran itu akan membahayakan kaum Muslimin dan meminta kepada penguasa agar Syaikh Ahmad al-Mutamakkin diadili. Syaikh Ahmad al-Mutamakkin tetap pada kebenaran paham yang diyakininya. Ki Ketib Anom dan para ulama lainnya mencoba datang dan memberi nasihat kepada beliau, tetapi juga tidak diabaikan. Bahkan tindakan beliau yang terus memelihara anjing dari Kudus sebanyak dua belas, yang terbesar diberi nama Abdulqahar, dan ia mempunyai empat anak anjing, pemimpinnya dinamai

  20. Advancing agricultural greenhouse gas quantification*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olander, Lydia; Wollenberg, Eva; Tubiello, Francesco; Herold, Martin

    2013-03-01

    , multiple development goals can be reinforced by specific climate funding granted on the basis of multiple benefits and synergies, for instance through currently negotiated mechanisms such as Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) (REDD+, Kissinger et al 2012). 3. Challenges to quantifying GHG information for the agricultural sector The quantification of GHG emissions from agriculture is fundamental to identifying mitigation solutions that are consistent with the goals of achieving greater resilience in production systems, food security, and rural welfare. GHG emissions data are already needed for such varied purposes as guiding national planning for low-emissions development, generating and trading carbon credits, certifying sustainable agriculture practices, informing consumers' choices with regard to reducing their carbon footprints, assessing product supply chains, and supporting farmers in adopting less carbon-intensive farming practices. Demonstrating the robustness, feasibility, and cost effectiveness of agricultural GHG inventories and monitoring is a necessary technical foundation for including agriculture in the international negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and is needed to provide robust data and methodology platforms for global corporate supply-chain initiatives (e.g., SAFA, FAO 2012). Given such varied drivers for GHG reductions, there are a number of uses for agricultural GHG information, including (1) reporting and accounting at the national or company level, (2) land-use planning and management to achieve specific objectives, (3) monitoring and evaluating impact of management, (4) developing a credible and thus tradable offset credit, and (5) research and capacity development. The information needs for these uses is likely to differ in the required level of certainty, scale of analysis, and need for comparability across systems or repeatability over time, and they may depend on whether