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Sample records for technology ussr science

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-20

    JPRS-UPIS-90-Q03 1 MAY 1990 S#J1%\\ ■ ■■in FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE .JPRS Report — 19981021 129 Science & Technology USSR... entity , with average temperature of its own, engaged in heat exchange with the two-phase zone according to the convection law. However, such a model...it represents a definite technological complication and requires separate solution. 7. Problems of mechanizing the loading of the initial blank

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Semiconductor Physics Institute, Siberian Department, USSR Academy of Sciences] [Abstract] An experimental study was made concerning use of binary Bi...begun at the "round table". We are waiting for letters with your opinions and suggestions which, we hope, will help accelerate the solution of the...received 23 Jun 86) pp 516-520 [Article "by B. I. Kosilo, L. I. Polezhayeva, L. P. Polyakova, Ye. G. Polyakov and A. B. Smirnov, Institute of the

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Physics & Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Lecture Demonstrations of Properties of Superconductors and Liquid Helium (Ye. M. Gershenzon, G. N. Goltsman, et al.; FIZIKA, No 7, Jul 86) 51...Keldysh, USSR Academy of Sciences] [Abstract] Arrays of open traps for finite-pressure MHD .plasma are considered, equilibrium of a shieldless...in an antilock plasmatron. Calculations are based on MHD equations with separation of longitudinal and transverse pressure components. Sufficient and

  4. JPRS Report - Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    entirely new technology is required for hothouses. Hydroponics appeared to offer the solution. But, its introduction has given rise to a range of...Mytishchi technology from con- ventional hydroponics ? The later has many variations. In Japan, for example, oxygen is fed to the root system through a...best known are hydroponic methods with the use of a solid-state substrate—gravel, moss, sand, peat, saw- dust, and, recently, ion-exchange resins

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-04

    Producing Kovar-To-Glass Seals by Heating With Light From Xenon^Arc Lamps CM. 1, Oparin , V. B. Redchits; SVAROCHNOYE PROIZVODSTVO, No 11, Nov 87) 28...10-11 iArticle by M, I, Oparin , candidate of technical sciences, and V, B. Redchits, engineer] [Abstract] Hermetic Kovar-to-glass seals were

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Melnikov, Laboratory of Bionic Research (Headed by Candidate of Biological Sciences A. A. Kuzmin), Pacific Scientific Research Institute of... architecture have a great deal in common with the arterial systems of whales described earlier. Figures 2, references 14: 6 Russian, 8 Western

  7. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-15

    of Smelting 12Crl2NiCu Cast Steel for Water-Turbine Blades (I.A. Kuntsevich , V.V. Kobzistyy et al.; LITEYNOYE PROIZVODSTVO, No 4, Apr 87) Alloying...Moscow LITEYNOYE PROIZVODSTVO in Russian No 4, Apr 87 pp 9-10 [Article by I.A. Kuntsevich , candidate of technical sciences, V.V. Kobzistyy, engineer

  8. JPRS Report - Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-22

    conducted in the department of cytophysiology and cellular engineering of the UkSSR Academy of Science Institute of Botany in Kiev. Yuriy Yuryevich... internship under the direct supervision of the institute. 13227 JPRS-ULS-88-008 22 April 1988 Electrical Activity of Human Brain Under Conditions of

  9. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-09

    Traumatology, Orthopedy and Field Surgery (head—professor M. F. Durov) and Chair of VK and LFK (head— docent P. G. Koynosov) of Tyumen Medical...Yu. D., Los, I. P and Popovich, V. M., "Fiziko-matematicheskaya problema deystviya elektro- magnitnykh poley i ionizatsii vozdukha" [The Physico...Article by S. I. Leonovich, docent , and Yu. M. Gain, candidate of medical science, Minsk] [Abstract] An international symposium on lasers in surgery

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-01

    S. Grigoryan, M. V. Kameneva et ai; DOKLADY AKADEMII NAUK SSSR, No 3, Sep 87] 6 GENETICS Plant Genetics Research in Estonia [O. Priylinn...the hemolysates. Refer- ences 10: 4 Russian, 6 Western. 12126 JPRS-ULS-88-011 1 July 1988 GENETICS Plant Genetics Research in Estonia 18400307...Agriculture"] [Abstract] The department of plant genetics at the Insti- tute of Experimental Biology of the ESSR Academy of Sciences has made a number of

  11. JPRS Report. Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    plant management and gospriyemka made a decision, approved by USSR Gos- standart , to combine the most labor-consuming control operations during the...18610422b Moscow STANDARTYIKACHESTVO in Russian No 4, Apr 88 pp 7-8 [Text] The Scientific-Technical Council of USSR Gos- standart resolves: 1 .To

  12. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    minimum expenditures of energy. Membranes are irreplaceable in medicine and the electronics, microbiological and food industries. But for the...protection, fulfillment of the Food and Energy programs of the USSR. Work plans were amended and the structure of the institutes was revised. Thus, at...formed and manned with a qualified staff as part of the Institute of Organic Catalysis and Electrochemistry . The topics were revised and laboratories

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-28

    UCH-90-014 28 December 1990 2 USSR: Chemistry Increasing Heat Transfer Efficiency in LiBr Absorption Refrigerating Machine [A. V. Baranenko, V. M...Efficiency in LiBr Absorption Refrigerating Machine 917M0010B Moscow KH1M1CHESKOYEI NEFTYANOYE MASHINOSTROYENIYE in Russian No 9, Sep 90 pp 16-18... machine by 20-25%. When this is done, however, it is necessary to furnish the refrigerating machine with a special device to circulate the isooctanol

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Scientific Research Institute of Petrochemical Plants, USSR Ministry of Petrochemical Processing, Ufa ] UDC 665.7.033.52:542.943.6 [Abstract] Oxidation of...in Russian No 10, Oct 90 pp 5-6 [Article by Yu.R. Abdrakhimov, Ufa Petroleum Insti- tute] UDC 661.715.332 [Abstract] The use of concentrated basic...Startseva, N.V. Davidenko, G.A. Glebov and L.N. Gagarina, Scientific Production Asso- ciation "Soyuznefteotdacha", Ufa , Institute of Chem- istry

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology. USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Sciences. Valentin Demidovich Novikov—deputy chief of the Scientific Organization Department of the Presidium of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences...technological bureau with a pilot works of the Institute of Electronics of the Belorussian SSR Academy of Sciences. Anton Vasilyevich Demidovich —sanitary

  16. JPRS Report, Science and Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-18

    Leningrad for the development of a technology of the production of auto- clave cellular concrete from local raw materials. A con- tract was concluded...science and exact science disciplines 81 percent a. ich Various opinions are being voiced in the debates on the factors which gave rise to these

  17. JPRS Report, Science and Technology, USSR: Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Institute and USSR People’s Deputy, by NTR TRIBUNA commentator F. Vladov: "The Thirteenth in the ’ Bermuda Triangle ’" date and place not given... triangle between the Savelovskiy Branch Line of the railroad, the Canal imeni Moskvy, and the Ring Highway. For us this is a sort of " Bermuda Triangle

  18. JPRS Report Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-17

    note Ya. Peyve, L. Lepin and Ya. Zutis , were its nucleus. Let us note the support of the USSR Academy of Sciences—Academicians Ye.N. Pavlovskiy and...Kirkhenshteyn and Paul Leinsh—essentially almost the entire flower of Latvian science—were re- educated. Peyve, Zutis , and Kadek were accused of

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-15

    information approach in sciences about society has its natural science roots in the corresponding approach to genetics , physiology, and human...systems of algorith - mic algebras oriented toward formalization of structured parallel algorithms and program systems. An interpretation is

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-10

    for the rehabilitation of children with disorders of the loco- motor system. Lyudmila Georgiyevna herself by means of physical culture overcame a...of different forms of ischemic heart disease using a helium-neon laser. 16. Georgiy Pavlovich Somov, USSR AMS academician, advisor to the board of...1987. Submitted by the Scientific Research Institute of Health Resort Studies and Physiotherapy imeni I.G. Koniash- vili. 2. E.S. Dvalishvili. The

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    education in the country. Nothing will change, if higher educational institutions are not supplied with reagents, modern scientific and teaching ...development of science and technology. We are obligated not only to teach students to "associate" with the latest technologies, but, what is most important...physicists, process engineers, instrument makers, pro- grammers ...is needed here. All these specialists are avail- able at the institute, but they work

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    technology of partial briquetting purchased from Japan. The money was considerable. And the prokuto [?]? This method requires a binder, which is not...allocated for the development of new coking technologies, the lion*s share has been allotted for partial briquetting and ramming. And only 18.2

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    specialists. G. Aleksakov, docent , Moscow Engineering Physics Institute [MIFI], and scientific director, Student Research and Design Bureau (SIKB...department of MIFI, docent A. Rudenko, and an instructor from the same department, L. Potat’yeva, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences

  4. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    amount, the proper time and at the necessary locations! The long-awaited enlightenment of one theorist or one windfall from a genius inventor for a...harmony of an azure lancet Gothic cathedral are created by statics, the science of the equilibrium of forces, that is known by the architect. Today

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    standard mathematical library of more than 30 programs for digital signal processing, a debugger, memory test and functional processor testing programs...Physical and Mathematical Sciences Nikolay Nikolayevich Vsevolodov, who is an associate at the laboratory of the ultrastructure of cellular...SSR Ministry of Health, and an intelligent system for testing matriculants upon their entry into educational institutions for the purpose of

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Physics & Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Vol 52 No 2(8), Aug 90] 16 Multiplicity Fluctuations of High-Energy Muons Generated by Nuclei in Primary Cosmic Rays [S.N. Boziyev; YADERNAYA...emission due to the coherent one. Figures 6; references 14. Multiplicity Fluctuations of High-Energy Muons Generated by Nuclei in Primary Cosmic...Academy of Sciences] [Abstract] Multiplicity fluctuations of high-energy muons generated by nuclei with atomic weights A = 1,4,5,6 and energy E0 = 1

  7. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    CEMA Achievements in Standardization Detailed (A.A. Kirilenko; STANDARTY I KACHESTVO, No 3, Mar 86) 71 CONFERENCES AND EXHIBITIONS Soviet-Indian...77 70 ÜBERNATIONAL S&T RELATIONS UDC 006.032:001.83:006.354.032.065 CEMA ACHIEVEMENTS IN STANDARDIZATION DETAILED Moscow STÄNDARTY I KACHESTVO in...Russian No 3, Mar 86 pp 16-19 [Article by Candidate of Economic Sciences A.A. Kirilenko, director of the CEMA Institute for Standardization, under

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-10

    when our machine shop made a fixture from free-hand sketches by an innovative milling machine operator here. It was smaller than a stool , even...aesthetically or ergonomically . The main thing is that it perform its technological function. And if the primary Gidroavtomatika products were to reach the

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    fast set-up change for manufacturing of new products" (GOST [State All-Union Standart ] 14.001-73 and GOST 26228- 85). A flexible automated...tekhnologicheskoy podgotovki proizvodstva" [Scientific Foundations of Integrated Standart izat ion of Technological Preparation of Production

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    issued by the control computer system. This is accom- plished either on the basis of readings from the respec- tive sensors or else on the basis of...Shershukov, S.F. Kramarenko, LB. Nem - chenok, L.N. Veselova, and A.P. Tomilov, State Union Scientific Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology...considered. Because there is no lengthy (15 to 18 hours) and corrosive decarbonization stage, the power consumption and labor input required for the

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    74 hours with a current of 200-300 mA/cm2 in 1 M LiOH and KOH solutions followed by extraction of the alkali metal with water. In the first case...oxides of sulfur and nitrogen from off gases, heavy metal ions and ammonia from industrial wastes, and to dry air and natural gas. Leaching cesium...for this reason costly inorganic ion exchange methods are used to extract rare alkali metals . One of the most pressing prob- lems of water technology

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Biological Sciences G. Paulyukyavichyus, head of a laboratory of the Division of Geography of the Institute of Zoology and Parasitology of the Lithuanian SSR...Transport of Macromolecules in Bacteria] (Moscow, "Nauka", 1986). Candidate of Veterinary Sciences V. Sharkunas, docent of the Chair of Contagious...Diseases of the Lithuanian Veterinary Academy—for the textbook " Veterinary Par- asitology" (Vilnius, "Mokslas", 1983). Doctor of Philological Sciences A

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    of an antimony microwire , a gauge for recording atomic oxygen and ozone and others. Param- eters of thermoelectric devices of different types were...percent—in the field of medical sciences, 8 percent—in the field of chemical sciences, 6 percent—in the field of biological sciences, and 5 percent...Philological 13. Geographical 14. Juridical 15. Pedagogical 16. Medical 17. Pharmaceutical 18. Veterinary 19. Art criticism 20. Architecture 21

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    rubric "Science: Why Is Path of Developments of Scientists So Long and Thorny?": "Introduction in the Tentacles of the Octopus "] [Text] About three...mass of deep-seated depart- mental interests, which, like the tentacles of an octopus , always and inexorably held back locally the introduction of...smooth muscles of blood vessels, were extracted from the brain in a pure state. At the Institute of Geological Sciences detailed fault maps of the

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    CEMA Comprehensive Program [EKONOMICHESKOYE SOTRUDNICHESTVO STRAN-CHLENOV SEV] 16 Science, Production in GDR Combines [K Rudolf, EKONOM1CHESKOYE...SOTRUDNICHESTVO STRAN-CHLENOV SEV] 22 Footnotes 26 Cooperation of CEMA Countries in Technical Innovation 27 Scientific Production Cooperation of... CEMA Countries 32 Footnote 35 CEMA Cooperation In Medical Instrument Making [Y. Sinyakov, EKONOMICHESKOYE SOTRUDNICHESTVO STRAN-CHLENOV SEV No 1

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-23

    Sciences Rudolf Muradovich Muradyan, head of a group of the Byurakan Astrophysics Observatory—for the series of works "A New Quantum Number—the Color and...Kolonitskiy, and L.B. Makarevich, heads of divisions, Yu.A. Kaplan, N.Z. Peskin , and M.V. Tsuranov, chief project designers, V.A. Olekhnovich and

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    than we have for their 32-bit computer, including portable computers, transpu- ters, thermomagnetooptic and simply optic disks, laser and liquid ...of coarse fodders by ruminants are the second direction of research. This work is of enormous economic impor- tance. The point is that the basic...Synthesis) to Candidate of Chemical Sciences Yu.A. Maurinsh. For the series of works "The Electrode and Transport Properties of Liquid Membranes Based on

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    technology of producing cement from a waste product of chemical plants— phosphogypsum . Tens of millions of tons of it have accumulated on the... phosphogypsum amounts to only a tenth of a percent. Another development of scientists on the use of a waste product of the hydrolytic process—lignin—also

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    local bitumen deposits. In our country, incidentally, bitumen matters are being worked on actively. Everyone must gather at a "round table" and look at...elements of the periodic table. Now nearly half of the whey goes into the sewer system. But it is possible to extract from it not only high quality...science, but a stream of words with regard to the "enormous importance" of one study or another, which is uttered merely for the sake of extracting as

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    other development is of a completely different sort: This is a laser for the treatment of glaucoma . Today in our country only Doctor S. Fedorov at...biotechnology, molecular genetics , robotic systems, machine building technology, the economics of population and demography, and other leading directions of...and optimize working conditions at hazardous production facilities. The discovery of the phenomenon of two-parent heredity of genetic determinants

  1. JPRS Report, Science and Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-26

    AKADEMII NA UK SSSR, Vol 308 No 1, Sep 89] ........... 16 DNA Synthesis in Intact Maize Mitochondria Treated with pBR Bacterial Vector Plasmids [Yu. M...infection was sustained demonstrated that as a result of a concerted effort at 30-50 years ago. There were no discernable seasonal preventive inoculation ...Article by F. K. Khasanov, Institute of General Genetics imeni N. I. Vavilov, USSR Academy of Sci- DNA Synthesis in Intact Maize Mitochondria ences

  2. JPRS Report, Science and Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    lupus erythematosus , atrophic lichen planus, thallium. Signs of thallium poisoning include nausea, mucinous alopecia, scalp traumas) and non...instrument 51 26 25 Transmission of infection from mother to child: total 10 4 6 during pregnancy and par turition 9 3 6 during breast feeding I 1 0...disease and pathologies of pregnancy . Fig- of Microbiology, BSSR Academy of Sciences, Minsk] ures 2; references 18: 16 Russian; 2 Western. [Abstract] A

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Electronics & Electrical Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Parameters of Solar System Power Supply for the Cuban Environment fIZVESTIYA VYSSHIKH UCHEBNYKH ZAVEDENII: ENERGETIKA No 4, Apr 87] 29 Correlation...Sedov; ELEKTROSVYAZ, Oct 87] 41 5^AYS 8 ~ 003 7 USSR: Electronics & Electrical Engineering Sonics, Ultrasonics Matching Interdigital ...in the cells of the periodic structure makes it possible to approximate the directional pattern of the output radiation. Results showed that in a

  4. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Electronics & Electrical Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the Kosmos series and in the Meteor weather satellites [1]. That system included three flywheel elec- tric motors which used two-phase induction...Armenian SSR Academy of Sciences member A. G. Iosifyan and launched into near-earth orbit in 1963 ( Kosmos -14), was a so-called electrical engineering

  5. Space transportation propulsion USSR launcher technology, 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Space transportation propulsion U.S.S.R. launcher technology is discussed. The following subject areas are covered: Energia background (launch vehicle summary, Soviet launcher family) and Energia propulsion characteristics (booster propulsion, core propulsion, and growth capability).

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science, Mechanics and Technology of Metal and Metal Ceramic Composite Material Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-27

    produced, their phase composition and bending strength, as well as investigation of the promise of adding niobium carbide NbC to these materials. The...time increases, NbC does not inhibit shrink- niobium carbide was the same — 3 %. This content of age, which is a technological advantage. NbC is

  7. USSR Report, Earth Sciences, No. 24

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    Evaluations of Velocities of Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Pacific Ocean (A. M. Gritsenko , OKEANOLOGIYA, Jul-Aug 82) 28 Discriminating Synoptic... GRITSENKO , A. M., Institute of Oceanology imeni P. P. Shirshov, USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow [Abstract] Long-term statistical studies have been made

  8. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 32

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Lydia Razran (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1992-01-01

    This is the thirty-second issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 34 journal or conference papers published in Russian and of 4 Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 18 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas include: adaptation, aviation medicine, biological rhythms, biospherics, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, exobiology, habitability and environmental effects, human performance, hematology, mathematical models, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, operational medicine, and reproductive system.

  9. Space activity impact on science and technology. Proceedings of the twenty-fourth international astronautical congress, Baku, USSR, October 7--13, 1973

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Napolitano, L.G.; Contensou, P.; Hilton, W.F. (eds.)

    1976-01-01

    Topics covered include: Soviet automatic vehicles for lunar exploration and their influence on the progress of automatics and control theory; the problems of space technology and their influence on science and technics; industrial use of aerospace technology; development of liquid-propellant rocket engine engineering and its influence on science and technology in the USSR; space medicine and public health; impact of space activity on technology in a country the size of France; astronautics as a stimulus for celestial mechanics; space activity impact on the science and technology of rotating bodies; skylab systems flight performance, an interim report; the design and utilization of a spacelab for sortie missions; the spacelab program; man and the environment, remote sensing from space; EOLE application program for meteorological experiments, complementary experiences; machine processing methods for earth observational data; recent advances in geologic applications of remote sensing from space; infrared scanning for meteorological purposes; spatial antartic glaciology; reflection spectra usage in recognition of plant covers; experimental investigation of aeronautical and maritime communications and surveillance using satellites; the ESRO MAROTS program; the problem of habitability in spaceships; atmosphere revitalization for manned spacecraft; prospects of international cooperation in medical sciences; developing a technology base in planetary entry aerothermodynamics; scientific results of the automatic ionospheric laboratory Yantar 4 flight; nonlinear unsteady motions in solid propellant rockets with application to large motors; investigation of the physical and mechanical properties of the lunar sample brought by Luna 20 and along the route of motion of Lunokhod 2; orbiting astronomical observatory Copernicus; the delta launch vehicle model 2914 series; space tug mission and program planning; space and education; and safety in youth rocket experiments. (GHT)

  10. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 13

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor)

    1987-01-01

    This is the thirteenth issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 39 papers recently published in Russian-language periodicals and bound collections, two papers delivered at an international life sciences symposium, and three new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Also included is a review of a recent Soviet-French symposium on Space Cytology. Current Soviet Life Sciences titles available in English are cited. The materials included in this issue have been identified as relevant to 31 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are: adaptation, biological rhythms, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cosmonaut training, cytology, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, gastrointestinal systems, genetics, habitability and environment effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, space biology, and space medicine.

  11. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R.; Radtke, M.; Rowe, J. E.

    1985-01-01

    The first issue of the bimonthly digest of USSR Space Life Sciences is presented. Abstracts are included for 49 Soviet periodical articles in 19 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology, published in Russian during the first quarter of 1985. Translated introductions and table of contents for nine Russian books on topics related to NASA's life science concerns are presented. Areas covered include: botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cybernetics and biomedical data processing, endocrinology, gastrointestinal system, genetics, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, health and medicine, hematology, immunology, life support systems, man machine systems, metabolism, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive system, and space biology. This issue concentrates on aerospace medicine and space biology.

  12. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R. (Editor); Radtke, M. (Editor); Garshnek, V. (Editor); Rowe, J. E. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor)

    1985-01-01

    The second issue of the bimonthly digest of USSR Space Life Sciences is presented. Abstracts are included for 39 Soviet periodical articles in 16 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology and published in Russian during the first half of 1985. Selected articles are illustrated with figures from the original. Translated introductions and tables of contents for 14 Russian books on 11 topics related to NASA's life science concerns are presented. Areas covered are: adaptation, biospheric, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cybernetics and biomedical data processing, gastrointestinal system, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, health and medical treatment, hematology, immunology, life support systems, metabolism, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, psychology, radiobiology, and space biology. Two book reviews translated from Russian are included and lists of additional relevant titles available either in English or in Russian only are appended.

  13. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran; Teeter, Ronald; Radtke, Mike; Rowe, Joseph

    1988-01-01

    This is the fourteenth issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 32 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of three new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Also included is a review of a recent Soviet conference on Space Biology and Aerospace Medicine. Current Soviet life sciences titles available in English are cited. The materials included in this issue have been identified as relevant to the following areas of aerospace medicine and space biology: adaptation, biological rhythms, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, gastrointestinal systems, habitability and environment effects, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, and space biology and medicine.

  14. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Radtke, Mike (Editor); Radtke, Mike (Editor); Radtke, Mike (Editor); Radtke, Mike (Editor); Radtke, Mike (Editor)

    1987-01-01

    This is the eleventh issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 54 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of four new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated. Additional features include the translation of a paper presented in Russian to the United Nations, a review of a book on space ecology, and report of a conference on evaluating human functional capacities and predicting health. Current Soviet Life Sciences titles available in English are cited. The materials included in this issue have been identified as relevant to 30 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are: adaptation, aviation physiology, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cosmonaut training, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, gastrointestinal systems, group dynamics, genetics, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, and radiobiology.

  15. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R. (Editor); Radtke, M. (Editor); Garshnek, V. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Rowe, J. E. (Editor)

    1986-01-01

    The fourth issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Science Digest includes abstracts for 42 Soviet periodical articles in 20 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology and published in Russian during the last third of 1985. Selected articles are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. In addition, translated introductions and tables of contents for 17 Russian books on 12 topics related to NASA's life science concerns are presented. Areas covered are: adaptation, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cytology, developmental biology, endocrinology, exobiology, habitability and environmental effects, health and medical treatment, hematology, histology, human performance, immunology, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, perception, personnel selection, psychology, and radiobiology. Two book reviews translated from the Russian are included and lists of additional relevant titles available in English with pertinent ordering information are given.

  16. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R. (Editor); Radtke, M. (Editor); Garshnek, V. (Editor); Rowe, J. E. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor)

    1985-01-01

    This is the third issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. Abstracts are included for 46 Soviet periodical articles in 20 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology and published in Russian during the second third of 1985. Selected articles are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. In addition, translated introductions and tables of contents for seven Russian books on six topics related to NASA's life science concerns are presented. Areas covered are adaptation, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, endocrinology, exobiology, gravitational biology, habitability and environmental effects, health and medical treatment, immunology, life support systems, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system; neurophysiology, nutrition, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, and space physiology. Two book reviews translated from the Russian are included and lists of additional relevant titles available in English with pertinent ordering information are given.

  17. Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    aflatoxin antidotes and are rodenticides and anticoagualants. The authors found that coumarin- 3-carboxylic acids can be easily produced by the interac...10.5 ug/mg protein. Since the level of protection was essentially equivalent irregardless of the time of PFC administration, it is evident that only...the hospital for the oil workers in Baku. It’s the biggest hospital in the city. Why would we want to get rid of all that and destroy it? We even

  18. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 21

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran; Donaldson, P. Lynn; Garshnek, Victoria; Rowe, Joseph

    1989-01-01

    This is the twenty-first issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 37 papers published in Russian language periodicals or books or presented at conferences and of a Soviet monograph on animal ontogeny in weightlessness. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. A book review of a work on adaptation to stress is also included. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 25 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas are: adaptation, biological rhythms, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cytology, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, exobiology, gravitational biology, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, human performance, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, operational medicine, perception, psychology, and reproductive system.

  19. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 19

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Donaldson, P. Lynn (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Garshnek, Victoria (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1988-01-01

    This is the 19th issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 47 papers published in Russian language periodicals or presented at conferences and of 5 new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Reports on two conferences, one on adaptation to high altitudes, and one on space and ecology are presented. A book review of a recent work on high altitude physiology is also included. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 33 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas are: adaptation, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cytology, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, biology, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, man-machine systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, and space biology and medicine.

  20. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, Issue 18

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Donaldson, P. Lynn (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Garshnek, Victoria (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1988-01-01

    This is the 18th issue of NASA's USSR Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 50 papers published in Russian language periodicals or presented at conferences and of 8 new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. A review of a recent Aviation Medicine Handbook is also included. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 37 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas are: adaptation, aviation medicine, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cytology, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, exobiology, gastrointestinal system, genetics, gravitational biology, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, man-machine systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive biology, space biology and medicine, and space industrialization.

  1. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R. (Editor); Radtke, M. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Rowe, J. E. (Editor)

    1986-01-01

    This is the sixth issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 54 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of 10 new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Additional features include a table of Soviet EVAs and information about English translations of Soviet materials available to readers. The topics covered in this issue have been identified as relevant to 26 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are adaptation, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, exobiology, genetics, habitability and environment effects, health and medical treatment, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism., microbiology, morphology and cytology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive biology, and space medicine.

  2. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor)

    1986-01-01

    This is the seventh issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 29 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of 8 new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Additional features include two interviews with the Soviet Union's cosmonaut physicians and others knowledgable of the Soviet space program. The topics discussed at a Soviet conference on problems in space psychology are summarized. Information about English translations of Soviet materials available to readers is provided. The topics covered in this issue have been identified as relevant to 29 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are adaptation, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, exobiology, genetics, habitability and environment effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, morphology and cytology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, and space medicine.

  3. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, Issue 10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran; Radtke, Mike; Teeter, Ronald; Garshnek, Victoria; Rowe, Joseph E.

    1987-01-01

    The USSR Space Life Sciences Digest contains abstracts of 37 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of five new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Additional features include the translation of a book chapter concerning use of biological rhythms as a basis for cosmonaut selection, excerpts from the diary of a participant in a long-term isolation experiment, and a picture and description of the Mir space station. The abstracts included in this issue were identified as relevant to 25 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are adaptation, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, morphology and cytology, musculosketal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, personnel selection, psychology, and radiobiology.

  4. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 16

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Siegel, Bette (Editor); Donaldson, P. Lynn (Editor); Leveton, Lauren B. (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1988-01-01

    This is the sixteenth issue of NASA's USSR Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 57 papers published in Russian language periodicals or presented at conferences and of 2 new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. An additional feature is the review of a book concerned with metabolic response to the stress of space flight. The abstracts included in this issue are relevant to 33 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas are: adaptation, biological rhythms, bionics, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, exobiology, gastrointestinal system, genetics, gravitational biology, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, man-machine systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive biology, and space biology.

  5. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 15

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Garshnek, Victoria (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1988-01-01

    This is the 15th issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 59 papers published in Russian language periodicals or presented at conferences and of two new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. An additional feature is a review of a conference devoted to the physiology of extreme states. The abstracts included in this issue have been identified as relevant to 29 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas are adaptation, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, exobiology, genetics, habitability and environment effects, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, perception. personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive biology, and space biology and medicine.

  6. USSR Report, Life Sciences Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Poliomyelitis and Viral Encephalitides, USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow [Abstract] A study was made of the influence of tahyna virus on the...Suppression of Muscle Macrophage Function in Experimental Tahyna Virus Infection (V. V. Vargin, B. F. Semenov; VOPROSY VIRUSOLOGII, No 2, Mar-Apr 83) 14...Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus Genome DNA-Copies Into Cellular DNA (I. D. Drynov, et al.; VOPROSY VIRUSOLOGII, No 2, Mar-Apr 83) 32 "Strict

  7. USSR Report, Life Sciences Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-10

    Institute of Cytology and Genetics: "Biologists of the Siberian Department, USSR Academy of Sciences Are Working on the Creation of a Reliable Scientific...plan is already being conducted at the Institute of Cytology and Genetics. The synthesis of genes and their transfer from cells of certain organisms...exudative erythema, Stevens Johnson syndrome, chronic aphthous stomatitis, exfoliative cheilitis 30 and certain other disorders of the oral mucosa

  8. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran; Radtke, Mike; Teeter, Ronald; Rowe, Joseph E.

    1987-01-01

    This is the ninth issue of NASA's USSR Space Lifes Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 46 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of a new Soviet monograph. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. Additional features include reviews of a Russian book on biological rhythms and a description of the papers presented at a conference on space biology and medicine. A special feature describes two paradigms frequently cited in Soviet space life sciences literature. Information about English translations of Soviet materials available to readers is provided. The abstracts included in this issue have been identified as relevant to 28 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are: adaptation, biological rhythms, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, gastrointestinal system, genetics, habitability and environment effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, morphology and cytology, musculoskeletal system, nutrition, neurophysiology, operational medicine, perception, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, and space biology and medicine.

  9. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, L. R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor); Teeter, R. (Editor)

    1985-01-01

    This is the eighth issue of NASA's USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 48 papers recently published in Russian language periodicals and bound collections and of 10 new Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables. Additional features include reviews of two Russian books on radiobiology and a description of the latest meeting of an international working group on remote sensing of the Earth. Information about English translations of Soviet materials available to readers is provided. The topics covered in this issue have been identified as relevant to 33 areas of aerospace medicine and space biology. These areas are: adaptation, biological rhythms, biospherics, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, cosmonaut training, cytology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, exobiology, gastrointestinal system, genetics, group dynamics, habitability and environment effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, man-machine systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, personnel selection, psychology, reproductive biology, and space biology and medicine.

  10. USSR Report, Cybernetics, Computers and Automation Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    27 Automating Data Processing on the Rayon and Oblast Levels (A.P. Kolesnik, K.V. Golovin , et al.; FINANSY SSSR, No 5, May 86) 29 Development of...RSFSR Ministry of Finance, K. V. Golovin , division chief, main computer center, USSR Ministry of Finance, and V. Z. Usov, division chief, main

  11. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 28

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1990-01-01

    This is the twenty-eighth issue of NASA's Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 60 journal papers or book chapters published in Russian and of 3 Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 20 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas include: adaptation, aviation medicine, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive system, and space medicine.

  12. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Garshnek, Victoria (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1990-01-01

    This is the thirty first issue of NASA's Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 55 journal papers or book chapters published in Russian and of 5 Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 18 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas include: adaptation, biological rhythms, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, endocrinology, enzymology, genetics, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, life support systems, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, psychology, radiobiology, and space biology and medicine.

  13. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 30

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1991-01-01

    This is the thirtieth issue of NASA's Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 47 journal papers or book chapters published in Russian and of three Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 20 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas include: adaptation, biospheric research, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, endocrinology, equipment and instrumentation, gastrointestinal system, group dynamics, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, psychology, radiobiology, and space biology and medicine.

  14. USSR Report, Life Sciences Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    E, Nizkyy; RADIOBIOLOGIYA, No 4, Jul-Aug 83) ’ • • " 56 Radioprotectlve and Toxic Effects of ATP- AET -Serotonin Combination in Mice: Optimum...Krasnov), USSR Ministry of Health, Moscow iAbsrract] Preretinal macular fibrosis is a major cause of reduced visual acuity following surgical treatment...and the effectiveness of traditional methods of laser coagulation is compared with that of a new principle of laser surgery considering annew visual

  15. USSR Report, Life Sciences, Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Composition of Free Aminoacids in Blood of Hypokinetic Rats (T. F. Vlasova, M. S. Belakovskiy, et al.; VOPROSY PITANIYA, No 1, Jan-Feb 86...06:612.766.2 EFFECT OF DIETS WITH ACTIVE VITAMIN D3 METABOLITE AND VARYING CALCIUM AND PHOSPHORUS CONTENT ON COMPOSITION OF FREE AMINOACIDS IN...Miroshnikova, I. N. Sergeyev and V. B. Spirichev, Institute of Medical Biological Problems, USSR Ministry of Health, Moscow] [Abstract] Aminoacid metabolism

  16. USSR space life sciences digest, issue 27

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Garshnek, Victoria (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1990-01-01

    This is the twenty-fifth issue of NASA's Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 30 journal papers or book chapters published in Russian and of 2 Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 18 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas include: adaptation, aviation medicine, biological rhythms, biospherics, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, endocrinology, enzymology, exobiology, habitability and environmental effects, hematology, immunology, metabolism, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, radiobiology, and space medicine. A Soviet book review of a British handbook of aviation medicine and a description of the work of the division on aviation and space medicine of the Moscow Physiological Society are also included.

  17. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 25

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Garshnek, Victoria (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1990-01-01

    This is the twenty-fifth issue of NASA's Space Life Sciences Digest. It contains abstracts of 42 journal papers or book chapters published in Russian and of 3 Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. The abstracts in this issue have been identified as relevant to 26 areas of space biology and medicine. These areas include: adaptation, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, endocrinology, enzymology, equipment and instrumentation, exobiology, gravitational biology, habitability and environmental effects, human performance, immunology, life support systems, man-machine systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, microbiology, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, operational medicine, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive system, and space biology and medicine.

  18. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest, issue 29

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Lydia Razran (Editor); Teeter, Ronald (Editor); Rowe, Joseph (Editor)

    1991-01-01

    This is the twenty-ninth issue of NASA's Space Life Sciences Digest. It is a double issue covering two issues of the Soviet Space Biology and Aerospace Medicine Journal. Issue 29 contains abstracts of 60 journal papers or book chapters published in Russian and of three Soviet monographs. Selected abstracts are illustrated with figures and tables from the original. A review of a book on environmental hygiene and a list of papers presented at a Soviet conference on space biology and medicine are also included. The materials in this issue were identified as relevant to 28 areas of space biology and medicine. The areas are: adaptation, aviation medicine, biological rhythms, body fluids, botany, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, developmental biology, digestive system, endocrinology, equipment and instrumentation, genetics, habitability and environment effects, hematology, human performance, immunology, life support systems, mathematical modeling, metabolism, musculoskeletal system, neurophysiology, nutrition, personnel selection, psychology, radiobiology, reproductive system, space biology and medicine, and the economics of space flight.

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-11

    material possess special heat-stability. The optical characteristics of metals usually used as selective solar cell absorbers (high absorbability in the...single-phase crystalline (spinel- perovskite -, garnet-like materials), as well as composite. Electrical, mechanical, optical, magnetic, and biological...Dielectrics Ferroelectries Piezoelectrics Semiconductors Electron-ion semiconductors Ion conductors AI2O3, BeO BaTi03, SrTi03 Pb (Ti, Zr)Oß

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-22

    substrate chemically, electropolishing in a standard electrolyte was used to prepare foils about 20 ym thick for Mossbauer spectroscopy and x-ray...330 mm in diameter, by quasi-isostatic pressing. Specimens have been tested in porcelain kilns with excellent results. References 5: all Russian

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    D. N. Dalimov, et al; KHIMIYA PRIRODNYKH SOYEDINENIY, No 2, Mar-Apr 88] 1 Ricinus communis Seed Proteins. Part 4. Amino Acid Sequence of Alanine...whereas the iodomethylates were far more inhib- itory for AChE than for BChE. Tables 2; references 11:8 Russian, 3 Western. UDC 665.117.4.093.5 Ricinus ... communis Seed Proteins. Part 4. Amino Acid Sequence of Alanine Subunit of Ricin T of Central Asian Castor Plant: Peptide Maps of Limited Tryptic

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Nov 86) 35 Plasmids Determining Resistance to HgCl2 in Acinetobacter: Occurrence in Various Mercury Deposits (S.Z. Mindlin, Zh.M. Gorlenko...winter wheat varieties Shark and Oviachik and the soft awnless variety Kavkaz. Altering the functional status of plants by either shading or removal...DETERMINING RESISTANCE TO HgCl2 IN ACINETOBACTER: OCCURRENCE IN VARIOUS MERCURY DEPOSITS Moscow GENETIKA in Russian Vol 22, No 11, Nov 86 (manuscript

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-09

    FARMATSEVTICHESKIY ZHURNAL, No 3, Mar 87) 26 - c - Synthesis of Liposomes With Medical Preparations (V.G. Budker, T.Ye. Vakhrusheva, et al.; KHIMIKO...result in reduction in quality of seed treatment. To date, however, a special agricultural grade of sodium carboxymethylcellulose , the most suitable...encrustation properties. It is most convenient to use prepared products in the form of concentrated pastes which are now under development

  4. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-10

    alpha2- macroglobulin, cerruloplasmin, beta-lipoproteins, fibrinogen, plasminogen, total protein and total lipid levels in plasma and heparinized...early stages, the increased K, Na-ATPase activity being a protective- /compensatory reaction. The lipid composition also changes, indicating...disease is called jaundice ) represent the main contingent of this medical institu- tion. More than 1,000 patients underwent treatment there last year

  5. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Earth Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-19

    89-003 19 June 1989 14 Physics of Atmosphere data collected in the Camaguey test range in Cuba during 1986- 1987, which it is proposed be...this season of the year over Cuba . The various files of collected data of the type to be included in a special data bank as a special case are listed

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    No 5, May 90] 30 Virology Lassa and Mozambique Viruses: Cross Protection in Experiments on Mice and the Effect of Immunosuppressors on... fever , two or three broad-spectrum antibiotics—one each from the aminoglycosides (gentamycin or amicacin), the ceph- alosporins (cephazolin or...agent was obtained and if fever with chills was present. Out of the 27 deceased persons, 22 died within 14 to 34 days after exposure with profound

  7. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Technique (V.E. Berezin, V.M. Zaydes, et al.; VOPROSY VIRUSOLOGII, No 4, Jul-Aug 87) 56 Pathogenic Machupo and Lassa Arenaviruses : Biochemical...AND LASSA ARENAVIRUSES ; BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRION RNA AND PROTEIN Moscow VOPROSY VIRUSOLOGII in Russian Vol 32, No 4, Jul-Aug 87

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-11-12

    NAUK KAZAKHSKOY SSR: SERIYA BIOLOGICHESKAYA, No 2, Mar-Apr 87) 30 MARINE MAMMALS Duration of EEG Stages in Dolphin Cerebral Hemispheres (L.M... MARINE MAMMALS UDC 591.186+599.537 DURATION OF EEG STAGES IN DOLPHIN CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES Moscow DOKLADY AKADEMII NAUK SSSR in Russian Vol 294...cyclohexyl)-2-propyne (III), were tested for inhibitory activity against phytopathogenic bacteria and actinomycetes . The three compounds were found

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    lymphocytes derived from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus with depressed NK activity the increase was on the order of 30.5-41.6 percent...method using 25 healthy pregnant women in 8-36 JPRS-ULS-89-004 7 March 1989 36 Public Health week of pregnancy . Only five of them had a physiologi

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    IMMUNOBIOLOGII, No A, Apr 86) 35 Biological and Physicochemical Characteristics of Bacillus Anthracis and B. Cereus Culture Filtrates During in Vitro...PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BACILLUS ANTHRACIS AND B. CEREUS CULTURE FILTRATES DURING IN VITRO TOXIN PRODUCTION Moscow ZHURNAL MIKROBIOLOGII...Cluster Catalysis of Multi-Electron Reactions (A. G. Volkov; MOLEKULARNAYA BIOLOGIYA, No 3, May-Jun 86) 16 Hyperbaric Storage of Blood Cells

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    atomizing chamber. The nozzle set with holder, also made of stainless steel or graphite, is warmed up by a separate heater. The atomizing chamber is...argon arc for hardfacing blank strips of VT6s titanium alloy was studied, such an electrode melting at the lower tip and dropping a blob through a...pipette onto the strip preheated by the argon arc to the melting point. The mass of this blob , a very important process parameter, was controlled as

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-05

    OFTALMOLOGII, Vol 104 No 3, May-Jun 88] 15 Laser Therapy in Combined Treatment of Bronchial Asthma [A. A. Khadartsev, V. A. Khoruzhaya, et ai...could be due to the heterogeneity of the Leningradka plants. No cytoplasmic effect was noted when Mironovskaya 808 was crossed with Kenya Plume or...Bronchial Asthma 18400509aMoscow KLINICHESKAYA MEDITSINA in Russian Vol 66 No 6,Jun 88 (manuscript received 29 Jul 85) pp 53-56 [Article by A. A

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    OFTALMOLOGICHESKIY ZHURNAL, No 2, 1987) 39 First Attempt at Using Argon Laser in Treatment of Pigmented Skin Lesions (0. K. Skobelkin, T. M. Titova, et al...Structural Analogs of Nicotinamide (R. A. Akhundov, V. V. Rozhanets, et al.; BYULLETEN EKSPERIMENTALNOY BIOLOGII I MEDITSINY, No 3, Mar 86) 64...content, skin color, etc.), showing additive inheritance. Comparison of the breeding results showed that the computer approach constitutes a promising

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Drug Shortages in Uzbekistan (V. Petrunek; PRAVDA VOSTOKA, 26 Mar 87) 61 Drug Addiction and Rehabilitation (Ye. Kolesnikova; SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA...activity of phytohormones, enzymes, carbohydrate metabolism, structural and functional changes of membranes, their lipid and fatty acid composition...drug addicts , other doctors prescribing only a single drug because they are unaware of any other being just as effective, drugs being shipped repeatedly

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Arkhipova and V.P, Torchilin, Laboratory of Engineering Enzymology, Institute of Experimental Cardiology , All-Union Cardiological Scientific Center...Institute of Cardiology , KaSSR Ministry of Health] [Abstract] Reagents are needed without sensitizing properties for allergy diagnosis and treatment of...revascularization of the myo- cardium by powerful pulsed laser beams. In experiments on 30 mongrel dogs , 20-30 microperforations of the left ventricle were

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Lift Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    BIOTECHNOLOGY Adsorption of Microorganisms by Fibrous Materials (G.N. Nikovskaya, A.S. Gordiyenko, et al.; MIKROBIOLOGIYA, No 4, Jul-Aug 86) 23 Search...MIKROBIOLOGICHESKIY ZHURNAL, No. 5, Sep-Oct 86) 52 Biodegradation of Structural Materials by Micromycetes (T.A. Kondratyuk, E.Z. Koval, et al...and the diploid strains obtained from them are capable of formation in the mycelium and liberation, into the environment, of substances with

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-28

    changes in metabolic processes, particularly calcium metabolism, under space flight conditions. Interesting, perhaps unique, is the section on studies in...predominant component in most of the polymers. Xylose level (61 percent) was highest in Cr. skinneri heteropolysaccharide. Gluconic acid content varied from...was to compare the stability of horse - radish peroxidase in inverted micelles of various compositions and in aqueuous solutions. It was shown that

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-16

    on is the extremely subtle opera- tion of isolating enzymes from the virus of malignant tumors in poultry. The enzyme is used as a raw material...manuscript received 27 Apr 87) pp 42-43 [Article by L.N. Sidarcnko and A.Yu. Sadov, Depart- ment of Surgery No. 1 (headed by Professor L.N. Sida - renko

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-23

    creation of a stable fodder base, an enhancement of soil fertility and an improvement in horticulture and so forth, and finally in the field of...human cells is performed to study regulatory mechanisms of gene expression and to provide materials for gene therapy . One promising object for...A.N. Belozerskiy, Moscow State University lmeni M.V. Lomonosov; Chair of Pharmacology of the Therapy and Sanitary-Hygiene Faculty, 1st Moscow Medical

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-05

    was 1.73 h, and, after per os intake, 2.63 h. In combination with renal excretion, the various measuring methods showed a bioavailability figure from...mine) were synthesized for evaluation of their psychostimu- lant activities. Synthesis involved reaction of N-nitroso-N

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-15

    Lepidoptera . A toxin isolated from H. hebetor homogenate with a molecular weight of 18,000 daltons possesses analogous biological properties. The...healthy way of life. More than two-thirds of the population is involved in no systematic physical exercise program or in athletics, as much as 30...a consolidated system for evaluating and systematically observing the state of health of the Soviet citizen and the society as a whole. Relying on

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    of an anodic oxide film of Ti02 with very low electron conductivity preventing reactions liberating oxygen on the surface of the" specimens. The...for 15 minutes. The oxidation of specimens with a titanium carbonitride Impurity began at approximately 380°C, resulting in the formation of Ti02

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-12

    Incorporation of Human Gene Into Bacillus Chromosome (V. Lagovskiy; SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA, l8 Jul 87)... l6 Liposomal Delivery of DNA to...V. I. Biryuzova, Ye. D. Korobushkina, et al.; MIKR0BI0L0GIYA, No 2, Mar-Apr 87) 21 Toxigenic Potential of Selected Group B Trichothecene -Producing...of Problem) (A. V. Demidova, A. M. Charnyy, et al.; TERAPEVTICHESKIY ARKHIV, No 6, Jun 87) ^ - e - Antibodies Reacting With Human

  4. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    No 1, Jan-Feb 86) 51 Microflora of Formation Waters Participating in Destruction of Biopolymer Solutions (A.Z. Gareishina, M.S. Matyshevskaya, et...donor, a young, twenty-year-old man, a victim of a car accident. A special commission had determined that his brain was dead. The recipient, a 32... biopolymers obtained from methylococcus species on methane, or an association of Pseudomonas sp., Flavobacterium sp., Micrococcus sp., Bacillus

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    candidicin components were both dosage - and membrane potential-dependent. Application of a 200 mV potential with the negative side facing the...exposure parameters (q;) for the six proteins (2 immunoglobulin fragments, subtilisin , myoglobin, lysozyme, azurin) yielded coeffi- cients of

  6. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-18

    of Black Variegated Breed Cows Resulting From Inbreeding Depression CS.N. Kharitonov; DOKLADY VSESOYUZNOY ORDENA LENINA I ORDENA TRUD0V0G0 KRASNOGO... Psilocybin and Psilocin in Higher Basidiomycetes (A. M. Bekker, L. S. Gurevich, et al.; MIKOLOGIYA I FIT0PAT0L0GIYA, No 5, Sep-Oct 85) 39 - f...on Hemopoiesis Following Depression By Ionizing Radiation (M. N. Baranov, L. A. Golubeva, et al.; GEMATOLOGIYA I TRANSFUZIOLOGIYA, No 10, Oct 86

  7. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    PARAZITARNYYE BOLEZNI, No 3, May-Jun 86) 22 Detection Rate of Virus Hepatitis B Markers in Patients in Hemodialysis Department (V, I. Vasilyeva, A...derivation of valuable products essential to human life. There is not yet, in our opinion, a precise definition of...with a preoccupation with microorganisms and cell cultures. We will, therefore, adhere to a definition that places biotechnology in a division of

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Processes of Sintering and Carburizing of Powder Alloys (V.T. Vysotskiy, F.G. Lovshenko; METALLOVEDENIYE I TERMICHESKAYA OBRABOTKA METALLOV, No 1...achievements in this area. 20 PREPARATIONS UDC 621.785.5:621.762 Study of Possibility of Combining Processes of Sintering and Carburizing of Powder...Lovshenko, Mogilev Machine- Building Institute] [Abstract] A study was made of the influence of combining the processes of sintering and carburizing on

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Azot industrial association releases such a large quantity of chemical pollutants into the air, that the concentration of ammonia , formaldehyde...nucleus-containing cells in the spleens of the mice. The direct GABA-receptor agonist mucimol, the competitive GABA-receptor inhibitor bicuculline and...forming cells in the spleen on the fifth day after immunization. Bicucul- line at 0.5 mg/kg suppressed the immune reaction, halving the number of

  10. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    BIOTEKHNOLOGIYA, Vol 4 No 2, Mar-Apr 88] 7 Environment Industrial Microbiology and Environmental Protection [M. M. Shapiro; BIOTEKHNOLOGIYA, Vol 4 No 2, Mar... Environment UDC 614.7:663.1 Industrial Microbiology and Environmental Protection 1840048Id Moscow BIOTEKHNOLOGIYA in Russian Vol 4 No 2, Mar-Apr 88...Aggressive Behavior of Mice [A. A. Mogilner; RADIOBIOLOGIYA, Vol 28 No 2, Mar-Apr 88] 37 Radioprotective Effects of Quinoline Derivatives [M. V. Vasin

  11. JPRS Report - Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    hippocampal EEG. Centrophenoxine showed stabilization and ca. 77.5 percent enhancement in the cortex within 0.5-1.0 h, and in the hippocampus within...istration these peptides were far less effective, falling significantly below the efficacy of morphine . The latter observation was attributed to limited

  12. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Earth Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    of changes in climate requires a study of the earth’s paleoclimate , the climates of other planets and the specifics of the climate of large...changes in climate related to the increasing content of CO2 in the atmosphere itself is a small part of this. In any case, at present no reliable...radiation-active components in variations of the climate and related effects." Papers presented at the conference discussed the CO2 cycle and CO2

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    No 5, May 87) 51 Mechanical Strength of Shafts in Hydraulic Machines Made of Different Steels and Joined by Friction Welding (A, F, Dashehenko...the chemical and even the jewelry industry — this is only a partial list of branches in which a new method of growing crystals and a progressive...given conditions — it fails. Using precious metals such as platinum is too costly. It has turned out that synthetic sapphire may be the answer. Reliable

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Earth Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-26

    formation waters with dissolved fuel gasses are closely spati- ally associated with those having high mineralization, bromine (100s mg /1) and iodine...formations associated with both the ophiolites of the oceanic crust and with an island arc complex of magmatic rocks of the calc-alkali (" andesite ...had maxima near lO^c/min, with high coherence at that frequency with a vertical separation of up to 50-60 m. Outside this band of frequencies

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    VESTNIK AKADEMIIMEDITSINSKIKH NAUK SSSR, No 3, Mar 90] • •••••• • • • •••• ••••• • 5 Emoxypine Efficacy in Comprehensive Treatment of Ocular...Western. UDC 616.7-08:615.2:617.723 Emoxypine Efficacy in Comprehensive Treatment of Ocular Diseases 907C0766B Baku AZERBAYDZHANSKIY MEDITSKINSKIY...ZHURNAL in Russian No 4, Apr 90 pp 59-62 [Article by D. T. Gyulaliyeva, Ophthalmologic Hospital, Baku] [Abstract] Emoxypine in a 1 percent solution

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    structural materials and the formation of macroscopic and microscopic over- growth on them. Specimens measuring 100x50x2 mm were attached by PVC ...composition, in percent: 0.10 C; 0.39 Mn; 0.019 S; 0.020 P. A boron-containing slag-forming mixture was placed in the mold before pouring of one of the...steel making system consisting of oxygen converters, steel-pouring ladles, installations for blowing argon through the steel and continuous casting

  17. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    analysis was conducted on the effects of conventional cryoprotective agents ( glycerol , ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, dimethyl sulfoxide) on...knowledge of the new operations and of the features of the reform being conducted of the management system. These are indispensable conditions for the high

  18. JPRS Report - Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-04

    Obstruction 67. Cholelithiasis and Cholecystitis 68. Cirrhosis and Other Diseases of the Liver and the Bile Ducts 69. Other Diseases of the Digestive...with dose power at 0.0003 Gy/day was 2.6 times higher than that at 0.007 Gy/day. Relative frequency of mutations in P. sylvestris at 0.01 Gy per locus...at dose power of 0.00002 Gy/day was 2.7 times higher than that at 0.000015 Gy/day. The different relative yield of mutations under the effect of

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    dithiophosphoric acid), and frother-reagents (T-66 etalon, hexyl alcohols, terpene alcohols, pine oil, Methylisobutyl carbinol MIBC). References 2...degassing aluminum alloys has been developed, namely use of a metal capable of absorbing gas, specifically hydrogen dissolved in the aluminum melt

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Materials Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    METALLURGIYA, No 12, Dec 86) 2 Reconstmction of Microwave Radio Image in Multilayer Medium (V.L. Spivak ; DEFEKTOSKOPIYA, No 12, Dec 86) 3...32-37 [Article by V.L. Spivak ] [Abstract] The problem of reconstructing an image in a multilayer dielectric medium for microwave radiointroscopy

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-10

    Institute of Botany ; excerpt from an article titled "Chernobyl: Inter- view on a Topic of Current Interest"] [Excerpt] [Question] So what can a person...and 60 pediatricians and 25 obstetrician- gynecologists from among TODNGMI graduates will be sent to central institutes for their internship ...instruments and equipment. Physicians are undergoing special training during their internship and on the job in regard to the problems of

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    270.00 Vanillylmandelic acid 6060.00+/-590.00 4910.00+/-400.00 6120.00+/-340.00* 4610.00+/-280.00 Total catecholamine excretion 10683.40+/-843.90...Concurrent Isolation on Silufol Plates of Homovanillic, Vanillylmandelic and 5-Hydroxyin- doleacetic Acid Fraction, Voprosy Laboratornoy Diag- nostic...DNA copy at the 144th amino acid gene (Pro144), which plays an impor- tant role in forming the HBeAg antigen, was obtained employing plasmid

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    experimental models were developed: feline T-lymphopenla, monkey AIDS (MAIDS). It was shown that the infectious agent in MAIDS is the retrovirus D...Niyetkaliyeva, V.Kh. Urazov and K,G. Ansariyeva, Scientific Research Institute of Epidemiology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Kazakh SSR...synthesis of antibodies. When injected peritoneally these hybridomas formed ascitic tumors in 50-70% of test animals (Balb/c mice or randomly bred

  4. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-18

    MEDITSINSKAYA GAZETA, 7 Jul 89] 9 GENETICS Translocation of Vector Plasmids Into Mitochondria of Maize Shoots fYu.M. Konstantinov, V.A. Podsonnyy...Plasmids Into Mitochondria of Maize Shoots 18400477C Moscow BIOKHIMIYA in Russian Vol 54 No 1, Jan 89 (manuscript received 28 Feb 88) pp 154-157...transplantation of the tumor cells; and the fourth group was also immunized with the lysate, was inoculated with the tumor, and was then treated with reaferon

  5. USSR Report: Cybernetics, Computers and Automation Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences: "Ready for Dialogue"] [Text] Computers in schools, auditoria , and educational laboratories are an phenomenon to which we...professional-technical academies and VUZ auditoria . Obviously, the color of the screens and the characters on them is of major importance for people

  6. USSR Report, Cybernetics, Computers and Automation Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-02

    quality silage preservative and shampoo from waste fat from the fish-canning industry. One can also name an improved oil shale processing technology...institution section of the CC CP of Estonia , and V. Rayangu, minister of higher and secondary special education of the EsSSR participated in the work of the...name at the Tallinn Polytechnical Institute. This is the first such department in Estonia . In practice it has already become an intersectorial

  7. USSR Report, Cybernetics, Computers and Automation Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    genetic engineering and laser technology. And now there is a new goal, a new highly complex task: elec- tronics. According to available estimates, as...by enterprises of other ministries. More than 100 cities are to be included in this system. FTD /SNAP CSO: 1863/184 11 JPRS-UCC-85-003 23 April...robotiza- tion. FTD /SNAP CSO: 1863/184 58 JPRS-UCC-85-003 23 April 1985 ENHANCED-FLEXIBILITY ROBOT HAND MODULES INVENTED Moscow

  8. Application of X-ray topography to USSR and Russian space materials science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shul'pina, I L; Prokhorov, I A; Serebryakov, Yu A; Bezbakh, I Zh

    2016-05-01

    The authors' experience of the application of X-ray diffraction imaging in carrying out space technological experiments on semiconductor crystal growth for the former USSR and for Russia is reported, from the Apollo-Soyuz programme (1975) up to the present day. X-ray topography was applied to examine defects in crystals in order to obtain information on the crystallization conditions and also on their changes under the influence of factors of orbital flight in space vehicles. The data obtained have promoted a deeper understanding of the conditions and mechanisms of crystallization under both microgravity and terrestrial conditions, and have enabled the elaboration of terrestrial methods of highly perfect crystal growth. The use of X-ray topography in space materials science has enriched its methods in the field of digital image processing of growth striations and expanded its possibilities in investigating the inhomogeneity of crystals.

  9. USSR Report, Life Sciences Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    academician, Ukrainian SSSR Academy of Sciences, Physicochemical Institute, Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences, Odessa [Abstract] Polyacrylamide gel (PAAG...the canned chicken and beef products. For example, it has been demonstrated that one of the common additives in pediatric products, starch ... starch products may react with proteins leading to the formation of polycondensation products and eliminating 20-50% of the free amino acids in the

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    standpoint of task formulation and performance. These are the recognition of images created by man for Interaction with a computer; the recognition of...systems for visual inspection of the shape of tablets on a pharmaceutical conveyer line or research systems for analyzing the images of three...34 fuzziness " (disorderliness) of the knowledge. 11 It is well known that certain tasks related to image interpretation are accomplished in

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Physics & Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-09

    YADERNAYA FIZIKA Vol 50 p 928, 1989) on ternary fission of fissionable uranium isomers activated by neu- trons, a pulsed electrostatic accelerator...involvement of nine parameters characterizing the fission processes: 1) fissionability according to the simple model of a liquid droplet with distinct...Harmonic Generation Method [S. V. Govorkov, I. L. Shumay, et al; PISMA V ZHURNAL EKSPERIMENTALNOY I TEORETICHESKOY FIZIKI, 25 Jul 90] 16 Model

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-10

    equipment, or using sensors that are installed as an addition (see the table). For a BPU -4 installation, it is necessary to feed the positive rectified...K-3600 Built-in STM 768, 9216, 18432 K-1020R Built-in STM 288, 4896 VLT-1920 Built-in V 308, 8544 K-1920U BPU -4 SPAK 308, 8544 K-300 DKLT Separate...unit 308, 1364 K-60P BPU -4 SLUK-OP 16, 248 K-24R Built-in STM 16, 104 any line circuit, is 40 dB. The switcher is located in the line equipment

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    with 15-40% water were in some cases stabilized with emulsifying agent, such as OP-7, yielding products with a shelf - life of 6-8 months. Two fuels...Ammonia From Nitrogen and Hydrogen Under Influence of Catalysts Based on Potassium Salts of Transition Metal Carbonyl Hydrides and Metallic Potassium ...Dissolution of Argon in Tetraethylammonium Iodide Solutions in 1,2-Ethanediol at 263-343 K (D.P. Kuz’min, G.A. Krestov; IZVESTIYA VYSSHIKH UCHEBNYKH

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-17

    6, Nov-Dec 87] 27 Registry of Dust Particles in Neighborhood of Halley’s Comet Nucleus by ’ Foton ’ Instrument fS I. Anisimov, et al; KOSMICHESKIYE...Nucleus by ’ Foton ’ Instrument 18660096/Moscow KOSMICHESKIYE ISSLEDOVANIYA in Russian Vol 25, No 6, Nov-Dec 87 (manuscript received 30 Jul 87) pp 860...866 [Abstract] The " Foton " instrument carried aboard the ’Vega’ spacecraft registered damage to a thin shield on the vehicle resulting from impact of

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Physics & Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Use of Thermonuclear Fusion With Magnetic Plasma Confinement [I. N. Golovin ; FIZIKA PE4ZMY Vol 16 No 12, Dec 90] 17 Possibility of Cosmic Rays...Plasma Confinement 917J0034A Moscow FIZIKA PLAZMY in Russian Vol 16 No 12, Dec 90 pp 1397-1409 [Article by I. N. Golovin , Institute of Atomic Energy

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    KHIMICHESKIY ZHURNAL, Vol 56 No 1, Jan 90] 9 Kinetics of Metal Ion Sorption From Sea Water on Clinoptilolite Sorbents [R. Kh. Khamizov, T. Yu...thermodesorption and adsorption. Ammonia , carbon dioxide, and methane molecules were used as test molecules. The quantity of desorbing gases was recorded by a... Clinoptilolite Sorbents 907M0158A Moscow 1ZVESTIYA AKADEMIINAUK SSSR: SERIYA KHIMICHESKAYA in Russian No 2, Feb 90 (manuscript received 7 Dec 88) pp

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    for example, estimate what it does not succeed in measuring, How much do vector voltmeters cost? The most exact standard in the world markets ...6100 KAMAK. MK. rOCT26- 201-80 r. M3K516 KAMAK. riB. M3K 552 1X1 KAMAK. HM. M3K 640 Oil (5) EC3BM (9) ti2)r (6)_1 CM 3BM y~^ —n

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Permian , Upper and Middle Carboniferous, intersalt and subsalt deposits of the Upper Devonian, and intrasalt continental carbonate sediments of the...phase and extinction of the dis- charge, and we must accumulate experience in operation of the subsystems of the installation. In short, the T-15

  19. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-10

    Scientific Research Institute of Ear, Throat, Nose and Speech Rostov Scientific Research Institute of Ob- stetrics and Pediatrics IV. The Classification...5 Leningrad Scientific Research Institute of Ear, Throat, Nose 35.4 Rostov Scientific Research Insti- 6.18 35.62 58.20 tute of...and reduces to naught the coming down with mastitis In our rayon flmost no one knows about this and other such innovations Who else but the managers

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    absorption of its kinetic energy without residual strains and damage in the case of collision with an obstacle when the automobile is moving at given...fields of elastoplastic strains can also be measured and the stresses can be estimated by using the strain pattern of the part material. Types of...MPa Analysis of the data obtained by using brittle coatings and the results of calculations showed that accumulation of damage over a 10-year

  1. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-29

    Standard for vaseline and perfume oils. The pro- cesses proved to be as effective as similar processes used abroad. References 8: 5 Russian; 3 Western...referenced to a run on standard gasoline; Crec is the cost of recovering (bringing to market ) the raw material plus the costs to transport and...discontinued in the 50s with the renewed availability of natural rubber from Indonesia and Malaysia , it remains an attractive alternative that deserves

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    AVTOMATIZATSIYA PROIZVODSTVA, No 1, Jan 87) 69 EDUCATION The Computer Has Come to School (RUSSKIY YAZYK I LITERATURA V KAZAKHSKOY SHKOLE, No 7, Jul 86) 76...avtomatizatsiya proizvodstva", 1987 12770 CSO: 1Ö63/209 75 EDUCATION THE COMPUTER HAS COME TO SCHOOL Alma-Ata RUSSKIY YAZYK I LITERATURA V...and wins over minds and inspires upperclassmen—the avant-garde of computer education. COPYRIGHT: "Russkiy yazyk i literatura v Kazakhskoy shkole

  3. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    matter, but also grain—moist grain—by natural means, for example, with lactic acid , is an important task. Special bacteria produce biologically such...on Standardization, Product Quality Control (G.D. Kolmogorov; STANDARTY I KACHESTVO, No 4, Apr 86) 39 Standards of System of Product Quality ...of such global problems as food supply, power engineering, environmental protection, and others. I believe that we are narrowing too much the

  4. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    what is happening—for long years no one wanted to introduce this method! It is disadvantageous, it turns out, for veterinarians to make public how...many animals are infected with the virus. Here they detect the disease by another method—the hematological method, since it is not as sensitive and...obliged veterinarians and veterinary stations to use this method for the diagnosis of leukosis. We attempted to find an answer to the question of

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    produced documents were developed for the ERO [expansion unknown] "Estkhimpishchesnabsbyt," the ERU [expnasion unknown] "Estlesbumsnabsbyt" and the... ERU "Estmashsnabsbyt." In 1986 the product delivery enterprises will add screen displays and reports along with new functions to the ASU. In...connection with the broadening of this project to the ERU "Estmetallosnabsbyt" it will be supplemented by a definition of the total demand, by an account for

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    to study fibers and polymers, was adapted in the present work to study the biopolymer make-up of sediments from four Georgian wines. Figures 2... Car - bathion, and also with the p-SiC electrode. For Diquat, the best combination is AgN03 and the Br-selective and p-SiC electrodes. Test results

  7. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Physics & Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Dec 90] 6 Tunnel Ionization of Potassium and Xenon Atoms in Intense C02 Laser Field [W. Xiong, S. L. Chin; ZHURNAL EKSPERIMENTALNOYI...30 mm long and 20 mm square in cross-section, had retained impu- rities and glissile dislocations after annealing . The fre- quency of longitudinal...krypton-arc lamp and emitted 1.064 urn radiation with mode locking. Rotation of the laser crystal and use of a nonreciprocal Faraday cell between

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    3 hours; the Leninabad Silk Combine of the Ministry of Light Industry, 2 hours; the Tadkhik Scientific Research Institute of Scientific and...established sectorial oblast computer centers in Leninabad , Kulyab, and Kurgan-Tyube. Was there a need for this if computer centers of statistical

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    frequency of conversions) and precision, as well as the more general index of carrying capacity (megabit) r = Fnp -n, (4) where Fn is the conversion...to take the ratio of carrying capacity to the overall cost of IC’s used in the converter: r Fnp -n rr = = -*- max. c C C The growing demands

  10. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-02

    by 40 percent with the simultaneous increase of the brands of cement. In attaching enormous importance to the sharp increase of the rate of economic...guessed? In typography , where these lines were cast and set, and where this issue was printed. As far back as the 60’s a group of specialists from

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-05

    Gromov; STANKI I INSTRUMENT, No 1, Jan 87) 76 Six-Axis Universal Robot Developed in Riga (0. Meshkov; PRAVDA, 23 Dec 86) 77 Robot Engineering...CONTROLS, AUTOMATION, ELECTRONICS SIX-AXES UNIVERSAL ROBOT DEVELOPED IN RIGA Moscow PRAVDA in Russian 23 Dec 86 p 1 [Article by 0. Meshkov, under the

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-05

    being 12.5 m long and the Michelson interferometer having unequal arms with a multipass optical system in the measuring arm. Its design and...Figure 1) is turned by a spring 11 so that its arms 18 and 12 are brought out of notches 4 and 8 in guides 3 and 7 and do not prevent free movement of...finished parts 14 and blanks 10 in them, coming from chute holder 9 by gravity flow. Arm 6 with opposite side notches 4 and 8 drops in under the

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    research complex "Mir" is proceeding normally. FTD /SNAP /9738 Chronology of Cosmonaut Flight Aboard ’Mir’ Complex (28 Nov-20 Dec 87) Cosmonauts...made of the space-rocket complex. The launch of the manned spaceship "Soyuz TM-4" is planned for 21 December at 1418 hours Moscow time. FTD /SNAP... genetic spiral angle of rotation and stems. The architecture is found to influence the index of reflection primarily in the area of reverse shine in the

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Physics & Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    for 60 h. Measurementswere made over the 10-200 K tempera- ture range in an NQR relaxometer. Within that temper- ature range the NQR frequencies of...63Cu in Cul and Cu2 positions varied over the 22.0-22.1 MHz range and over the 31.6-31.3 MHz range respectively. Nonuniform broadening of NQR ...lines was estimated from the fre- quency dependence of the amplitude of NQR spin echo, JPRS-UPM-88-006 17 November 1988 13 Superconductivity no

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    representing a haz- ard to man—was touched upon in a basic-research paper titled " Ergonomie Designing of Remote-Controlled Manipulation Systems" by Ye...the integrated solution of these problems based on automated dynam- ically linked subsystems. "Hardware System for Ergonomie Support of Models of...Aspects of the Socioeconomic Effectiveness of the Development and Use of a Bank of Ergonomie Specifications", devoted to a study of a set of questions

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Doped Crystals of Germanium-Silicon Solid Solutions Produced Under Zero-Gravity Conditions on the Kosmos -1645 and Kosmos -1744 Automatic Artificial...Zero-Gravity Conditions on the Kosmos -1645 and Kosmos -1744 Automatic Artificial Earth Satellites 917M0039G Moscow FIZIKA I KHIMIYA OBRABOTKI...solutions under zero-gravity conditions on board the Kosmos -1645 and Kosmos -1744 artificial earth satellites and under ground conditions. Studies

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    then the power might initially not only not increase, but actually decrease. This effect is known as the "iodine pit." But an electrical network...reason for this is perhaps the fact that it was created by Salieri-scientists, instead of Mozart -inventors. An inventor is sometimes helped by a child’s...will be purified in large measure, leaving a significant amount of their deleteri- ous admixtures in the stratum. The effectiveness of water

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    2 Catalytic Properties of Molybdosiloxane Systems in Epoxidation of Propene With Cumene Hydroperoxide [V. N. Leonov, A. A. Belyy, et al...2 Autocatalysis and Solvent Effects in Reaction of Phthallic Anhydride With Aniline...11 Organometallic Compounds Reaction of Metallic Thallium With Iodoalkanes [I. F. Gunkin, E. V Astakhova, et al.; ZHURNAL OBSHCHEY KHIMII

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Nuclear Power Station safer and ecologically cleaner was discussed at this meeting, as was the question of whether construction of the station’s... ecological balance of a natural treasure—Lake Drushkyay. N. Ponomarev-Stepnoy, first deputy director of the Institute of Atomic Energy imeni Kurchatov...ples, including turbojet and jet engines, ground-effect machines, hydrofoils , mini- and super-computers, NC machine tools and machining centers

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    riot have a good market at home, and it is more often foreign companies that are ready to buy them. We feel that the way out of this situation is to...breathe French perfume at the face? I’ll fire you," threatened the current mine director. How meekly the "rebels" crawled back to their places. But

  1. USSR Report, Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-18

    Such ones as the Ekran, Sistema , Medelektronika, Neft, and others. [Question] What is the practical purpose of formations of this sort, on what...processes of the formation of the world outlook and morality, the forms and methods of combating the still existing antisocial, amoral phenomena is

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-18

    Lanthanum cuprite has a structure similar to that of perovskite , K2NiF4, with an ortho-rhombic dis- tortion. Lanthanum chromite has a similar structure...It is also known that chromites of rare earth elements having perovskite structure have extremely high stability to 2200 deg, although their...melting electrically conducting materials, especially those based on zirconium and hafnium oxides, Figures 5; references 5: 3 Russian, 2 Western

  3. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Determination of Maleic Anhydride Content in Terpene Maleic Resins and in Waste Waters From Their Production [A. I. Lamotkin and A. N. Pronevich...from 0 to 11. The PAN-PAE-based sorbent did not absorb OK-7, whereas the carbon fibers absorbed 85 to 90%. Humic acids were extracted by both...Content in Terpene Maleic Resins and in Waste Waters From Their Production 917M0095CMoscow GIDROLIZNAYA I LESOKHIMICHESKAYA PROMYSHLENNOST in Russian

  4. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-11

    MOJOIÜME CPEflCTBA (MM/I/IHOHOB TOHH) 0.5 1.2 1970 1975 1980 1986 Synthetic Detergents [millions of tons] Synthetic Hesins and Plastics (millions...viscosimetry and Mossbauer spectroscopy. It was demonstrated that ferric ion complexes combine with polyacrylamide, polyacrylic acid and hydrolyzed

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    held up because of the lack of staples to develop the technical documentation, on the search for funds to pay for this work, and on the formalistic ...pervasive. In optics, medicine, machine-tool construction, heat treatment, even in art, if we mention holography and the associated hopes of the film ...approximate design arises in a number of control theory problems. A class of systems is suggested which allows effective study and includes a description

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    induce creativity, this is approximately the same thing as demanding that the relations of love and friendship be regulated by the norms of a law...microscope had not yet been invented. It is clear that the astrologer —the colleague of this researcher—for the same reason also does not have a telescope

  7. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    tens of rubles each—precisely for patches for the torn jeans, which papa and mama bought, since now this is even fashionable. At home there is a...the gene, on which the growth of a cancerous tumor depends. What D. Knorre developed, for example, will make it possible to con- struct a mirror

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    conducting system. Such a design is equivalent to an electronic circuit that contains 40 million traditional transistors , resistors, and other elements...discovery of the " Transistor Effect" (U.S.) and the "Diffusion Effect" (U.S., England), Sony obtained one for the "Tunnel Effect" and others. The World... npn **a- NIIIMWI MSTOAOB H cpaActa e6pamaHHa. CoaapiuaHCTieaaHHa «pop* opraHMaauHM npouaccoB ofipauiannB n (22

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-05

    genome , the genetics of individual development, human genetics, and the genetics and selection of plants and animals. It is necessary to say that the...allotted for citrus , which is obviously too much, cereal crops receive only about 30 kilograms, but given the existing yields they take 70-80

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Vasilyevich. Bashkirtsev is, of course, Korolev, Ognev is Glushko, Logunov is Ustinov, and Golovin is Nedelin. The prototypes are documentary, but at... Golovin is even more ridiculous: "One thing alarms me, how if necessary to deliver all this to any point of the earth!" It is here that they actually...34thought too late!"—the bomb already exists, but it is unclear, it turns out, how to "deliver" it. Ognev continues to play the fool, while Golovin

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    problemy gomeore- zisa" [ Rheumatism , Rheumatoid Arthritis and Problems of Homeorhesis]. Izd. Saratovskogo universiteta, 1983; the monograph...V.l. Orlov and V.G. Ovsyannikov—the series of works "The Study of the Microcirculation of the Womb at the Time of Pregnancy and Its Use for the...34Revmatism i problemy vegetativnoy reaktivnosti i gipotalamicheskoy regulatsii gomeostaza" [ Rheumatism i Problems of Vegetative Reactivity and Hypothalamic

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-10

    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis"] [Text] The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis ( IIASA ) is a unique scientific...United States. However, in the United States difficulties have arisen with using federal resources to finance the IIASA . In connected with the...Soviet scientific institutions in the IIASA , and chairman of a council of the IIASA , gave an account of the work of Soviet scientists and

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    or from law enforcement agen- cies. Yu.M. Yemelyanov, creator of a high-frequency tubular ozonizer ; N.M. Novozhilov, Lenin prize winner, doctor of...ecologically clean bioregulators , which increase the durability of plants under adverse climatic conditions and boost the resistance to diseases

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    tific research the situation will be reminiscent of the situation, when water gushes into a basement from a damaged pipe, while we increase the...of NPTs services. The development of collective forms of scientific equip- ment can reduce the psychological damage , inevitable given the monopoly...which are in an elastic and elastoplastic state, are examined most thoroughly in this work. New mechanical effects, which are connected with the

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    brucellosis , toxoplasmosis and others. In the area of the republic, the natural centers of a number of illnesses have been revealed and their...25 June 1990 In this regard, studies have been started on the develop- ment of effective methods for the diagnosis of AIDS, the creation of a test...organism, for diagnosis , and for treatment of a number of diseases. Unfortunately, many of these instruments have not found practical application in

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    must stew in its own juices . Piping system designers are well aware of the so-called TsKBA [Central Design Office, A = not further identi- fied...equipment, automated fermenters , units for the applica- tion of corrosion-proof and wear-resistant coatings, and others. A demonstration testing...developed with the aid of bacteria; depth [glubinnaya] fermentation and its special features are being studied; basically new equipment is being

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-07

    country the number of women, who are poor madonnas with sledge hammers, comes to the millions. And even if we do introduce innovations, we take...problems of food and consumer goods production, the increase of the life expectancy of people, and the decrease of child mortality and the death rate

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    national export potentials of the CEMA countries; the demand for its products is rapidly increasing. According to the data of UNIDO , the share of the...WIRTSCHAFTSWISSENSCHAFT, No 1, 1985, p 119. 18. See UNIDO , "Industry in the 1980’s. Structural Change and Interdependence," New York, 1985, pp 16, 21. 19. See...placency and satisfaction with a little are its characteris- tic traits. In order to become an effective tool of restructuring, as was envisaged by

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-15

    operation, a music teacher and a specialist in preschool psychology worked as sociologists. The same kind of study, which was made at enterprises in...his hypotheses the unprecedented qualities of a mysterious hydrogen metal (concealed by nature in the depth of only the largest planets , such as

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Belonging to the first group, for example, is telepathy —the transmission of informa- tion from a human agent to the human percipient, who is isolated...hardly leave doubt. Telepathy is an unstable phenomenon that is hard to reproduce, although, I think, it is hardly worth doubting 56...the theoretical level, in mathematical language. Telepathy , for example, is at this level. Phenomena, which are similar to reading by photography

  1. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Science & Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    for his "Book on Counting." In it he presented the mathematical sequence of numbers, which has been known since then by the name "the Fibonacci ...17 January 1989 Industrial, Commercial Applications 36 Bureaucracy Holds Up Development of ’ Fibonacci Computer’ 18140075 Moscow PRA VDA in Russian...19 Nov 88 p 2 [Article by V. Reut: "Here Is Fibonacci for You! Is It Worth Driving a New Scientific Direction Into a Blind Alley?" first paragraph

  2. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    they are planning to convert from a hieroglyphic to an alphabetic- phonetic writing system in his country. "Technically, we are ready for this," he... hieroglyphs are somewhat more aesthetic than your letters, and thirdly, they give us the benefit of the odds." "What odds?" I did not understand. "This is...and send them to their own research institutions, we can read these hieroglyphs freely. Communicating among our- selves without any obstacles at

  3. JPRS Report, Science and Technology, USSR: Science and Technology Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    sectorial JPRS-UST-88-007 2 May 1988 18 Organization, Planning , Coordination differences in the determination of the economic impact from completed...sub- stantially the methods of planning at the sectorial , terri- torial, and national economic levels. The sphere of material and technical supply...national economy, as well as the JPRS-UST-88-007 2 May 1988 34 Organization, Planning , Coordination performance with the participation of sectorial

  4. USSR Space Life Sciences Digest. Index to issues 1-4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teeter, R.; Hooke, L. R.

    1986-01-01

    This document is an index to issues 1 to 4 of the USSR Space Life Sciences Digest and is arranged in three sections. In section 1, abstracts from the first four issues are grouped according to subject; please note the four letter codes in the upper right hand corner of the pages. Section 2 lists the categories according to which digest entries are grouped and cites additional entries relevant to that category by four letter code and entry number in section 1. Refer to section 1 for titles and other pertinent information. Key words are indexed in section 3.

  5. JPRS Report, Science and Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-26

    rusts. In general, the protein percent of the active cultures. The mother cultures of content of the grain is 17.8 percent, and gluten content is...hypertension. A rapid Happened With Students at Harvest"] increase in tolerance develops among addicts, and absti- nence syndrome can develop after as little as...life threw in rather than the pain syndrome typical of opiate addic- another bitter surprise that caused at least as much tion. Diffuse encephalomyelitis

  6. JPRS Report, Science and Technology, USSR: Earth Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-20

    surrounding medium and also cosmic radiation components. The contribution of Y-radiation from the surrounding medium to the total level of the...dependence of radius r(t) of the central horizontal diffusion circle. Introducing notation r(t) = = (x2 + y2)!𔃼 and equating expression (2) to qmin...maximum value of 25 t,ce« (1 ) Time Dependence r(t) of Central Radius of Impurity Diffusion Circle Key: 1. s = 5 x 109 cm2 x sŕ. The maximum

  7. JPRS Report, Science and Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    second nature and tered both before and after irradiation. The effects of represent a form of internal automation may be used to taurine were...2 Effects of Taurine on Cytogenetic Corneal Disturbances Induced in Mice by 9 GeV Protons [S. V. Vorozhtsova, Ye...30 System of Natural Physiologically Active Peptides [A. A. Zamnyalnin

  8. TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF MIKHAIL M. ODINTSOV, CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE USSR ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry P. Gladkochub

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article provides basic information about Mikhail M. Odintsov (1911–2011, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and his scientific, organizational and social activities. From 1954 to 1976, he was the founder and director of the Institute of Geology of the East Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, which is now world known as the Institute of Earth's Crust of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The Institute was awarded with two Orders of Lenin (in 1963, and in 1971, and the Order of Red Banner of Labour (1975. In 2011, the scientific community in Russia celebrates the 100th anniversary of Mikhail M. Odintsov.

  9. Japan-USSR Trade, Technology Transfer, Implications for U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    the Kremlin’s image. The expected, unacceptable consequences of pre- meditated bullying are a part of the deterrent which contains the USSR’s ambitions...Reviews Fisheries," FBIS (USSR, Daily Report), 30 January 1987, p. C4. 127 ",. ,e, IF - r. r or -r r vr ,," r N " "r €’ r CL Of course, Soviet fishermen

  10. USSR Report, Military Affairs, No. 1806.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-24

    34There’s not a civilian enterprise in the vicinity where people from our unit would not work. One can see them anywhere—both in the confectionary ...beloved offspring of our homeland, its pride and glory, a focus of scientific and technological advances. Establishment and development of the...USSR Air Forces Day. Industrialization, all-out development of science and technology , and labor exploits by our people on the construction projects

  11. Science, technology and society

    CERN Document Server

    Giacomelli, G

    2005-01-01

    We shall discuss some aspects of science and technology, their increasing role in the society, the fast advances in modern science, the apparent decrease of interest of the young generation in basic sciences, the importance of proper science popularization for better public education and awareness in scientific fields.

  12. Science and Technology Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moonen, Jean-Marie; Buono, Nicolas; Handfield, Suzanne

    2004-01-01

    These four articles relate to science and technology infrastructure for secondary and tertiary institutions. The first article presents a view on approaches to teaching science in school and illustrates ideal science facilities for secondary education. The second piece reports on work underway to improve the Science Complex at the "Universite…

  13. Expectations and realities in the nuclear technology exchanges with the USSR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewin, J.

    1980-01-01

    A nontechnical, subjective account is given of some of the experiences and personal encounters in the US-USSR technical exchange visit programs. Some notes are given on the growth of nuclear power in the two countries. (DLC)

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    This is Japan Report with Science and Technology. It contains the issues with different topics on biotecnology , defense industry, nuclear engineering, Marine technology, science and technology policy.

  15. Science and Technology Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baark, Erik

    1996-01-01

    This paper examines the status of science and technology in Mongolia, and discusses the policy issues which have emerged with the transition to market economy in recent years.......This paper examines the status of science and technology in Mongolia, and discusses the policy issues which have emerged with the transition to market economy in recent years....

  16. Sharing Science and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Robert P.

    1983-01-01

    Defining development as some combination of improving the standard of living and quality of life, meeting basic needs, and increasing per capita gross national product, this article discusses the role science and technology can play in developing countries. Considers technology transfer, appropriate technology, and other issues. (JN)

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Electronics & Electrical Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    ELEKTROSVYAZ, No 2, Feb 88] 22 Network Structures for Zonal Short-Wave Communication With Remote Relay Station [O. V. Golovin ; ELEKTROSVYAZ, No 2...V. Golovin ] [Abstract] Four different network structures for zonal short-wave radio communication through a remote relay station are examined

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Electronics & Electrical Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Sirena -1 Self-propelled Flaw Detector [PRIBORYI SISTEMY UPRAVLENIYA, Jan 87] 14 Crane Strain-measurement Scales With Data Processing by a Microprocessor...was 3-5 m. 06415/06662 UDC 620.179.1:620.165.29 Algorithimization of Control of Electric Motor Drive of Sirena -1 Self-propelled Flaw Detector...The article describes one of the most optimum algorithms of control of the electric motor drive of the Sirena -1 self-propelled flaw detector

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Computers, Control Systems and Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    such as SEND, TEST), which are studied below. Feedback from the tested object is produced by an assignment operator with the special operation MEASURE...M110~ 110 H 7 i 163 Kj-;iepmB, llaj1AheT[rMnec-- I mix oro|aHwieHHAI l’eHepauisi LP,- Iocne- Coa anle Ta6ni•rm HCnb)Ta-- 4 noBaTe l•bHocT efl .n 1 5 r

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Electronics & Electrical Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    ducting polymer shields for flexible cables in a magnetic field are analyzed, these new synthetic shield materials containing acetylene black or...and K. K. Likharev for fruitful discussions. Figures 3; references 6: 3 Russian, 3 Western. 12223 JPRS-UEE-88-006 31 October 1988 Quantum

  1. Dissertations for Degrees in Science and Engineering Defended at USSR Higher Educational Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    and cytological stixdy of the liver of healthy and sick horses. ^Kirov, 1959/, 17 pp (Min of Agr USSR. Kazan’ Vet Inst im N.ü. Bauman). SHATR0V...Electrophoretic detection of protein fractions pf blood serum in patients with various forms of tuberculosis." Khar»kov, 1959, 15 pp (Khar’kov...the dynamics of variability of microbe flora, changes occurring in the organism, and penicillin electrophoresis as a method of non-specific

  2. Science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Chorafas, Dimitris N

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this book is to explore science and technology from the viewpoint of creating new knowledge, as opposed to the reinterpretation of existing knowledge in ever greater but uncertain detail. Scientists and technologists make progress by distinguishing between what they regard as meaningful and what they consider as secondary or unimportant. The meaningful is dynamic; typically, the less important is static. Science and technology have made a major contribution to the culture and to the standard of living of our society. From antiquity to the present day, the most distinguished scientis

  3. Computer Science and Technology Board

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blumenthal, M.S.

    1990-01-01

    The Computer Science and Technology Board (CSTB) meets three times a year to consider scientific and policy issues in computer science as well as relevant problems in associated technologies. The objectives of the Board include: initiating studies involving computer science and technology as a critical national resource; responding to requests from the government, nonprofit foundations, and industry for advice on computer science and technology; promoting the health of the technology and other fields of pure and applied science and technology; and providing a base of expertise within the NRC in the area of computer science and technology.

  4. Science & technology review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This document is the August, 1995 issue of the Science and Technology review, a Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory publication. It contains two major articles, one on Scanning Tunneling Microscopy - as applied to materials engineering studies, and one on risk assessment, in this case looking primarily at a health care problem. Separate articles will be indexed from this journal to the energy database.

  5. Science, Technology and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridgstock, Martin; Burch, David; Forge, John; Laurent, John; Lowe, Ian

    1998-03-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human, social and economic aspects of science and technology. It examines a broad range of issues from a variety of perspectives, using examples and experiences from around the world. The authors present complex issues, including the responsibilities of scientists, ethical dilemmas and controversies, the Industrial Revolution, economic issues, public policy, and science and technology in developing countries. The book ends with a thoughtful and provocative look toward the future. It features extensive guides to further reading, as well as a useful section on information searching skills. This book will provoke, engage, inform and stimulate thoughtful discussion about culture, society and science. Broad and interdisciplinary, it will be of considerable value to both students and teachers.

  6. Technologies for Medical Sciences

    CERN Document Server

    Tavares, João; Barbosa, Marcos; Slade, AP

    2012-01-01

    This book presents novel and advanced technologies for medical sciences in order to solidify knowledge in the related fields and define their key stakeholders.   The fifteen papers included in this book were written by invited experts of international stature and address important technologies for medical sciences, including: computational modeling and simulation, image processing and analysis, medical imaging, human motion and posture, tissue engineering, design and development medical devices, and mechanic biology. Different applications are treated in such diverse fields as biomechanical studies, prosthesis and orthosis, medical diagnosis, sport, and virtual reality.   This book is of interest to researchers, students and manufacturers from  a wide range of disciplines related to bioengineering, biomechanics, computational mechanics, computational vision, human motion, mathematics, medical devices, medical image, medicine and physics.

  7. Environmental science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Program on Environmental Science and Technology developed at the Chemical and Environmental Technology Center comprehends environmental chemistry (water, soil and atmospheric chemistry), clean technologies (desulfurization of diesel and oil, biodegradable polymers and structural modification of polymers, recycling, pyrolysis of dangerous chemicals by molten salt technology), nanotechnology (magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, nano biomarkers, catalysts) and chemical characterization of nuclear fuel and nuclear fuel cycle waste (chemical and isotopic characterization). The Chemical and Environmental Technology Center was established in 1995, as an evolution of the former Department of Chemistry Engineering (1970). The program on environment science and technology was structured as consequence of the continuous growth of environmental activities on areas related to nuclear programs of IPEN. Moreover, it was an answer to the society concerning the climate changes and biodiversity preservation. All activities of research and development, services, supervision of graduate and under graduated students and courses performance at the center were related to the development, improvement and establishment of new technologies. The highlights of this period (2011 - 2013) were: - Development and use of modern analytical technology for the characterization of persistent pollutants and endocrine disrupters (metals, PAHA’s, PCBs, Pesticides, hormones, surfactants, plasticizer and human pharmaceuticals) in order to evaluate water quality and/or sediments; - Atmospheric chemistry and greenhouse gases: Evaluating an estimation of surface trace gas fluxes from aircraft measurements above the Amazon; - Cooperation with SABESP (Water and Sewage Company) and CETESB (State Environment Agency) in program for the development of public policies; - Studies and development in biodegradable polymers, polyolefins and advanced methods for polymer and rubber recycling and re-use; - Studies

  8. Aerosols Science and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Agranovski, Igor

    2011-01-01

    This self-contained handbook and ready reference examines aerosol science and technology in depth, providing a detailed insight into this progressive field. As such, it covers fundamental concepts, experimental methods, and a wide variety of applications, ranging from aerosol filtration to biological aerosols, and from the synthesis of carbon nanotubes to aerosol reactors.Written by a host of internationally renowned experts in the field, this is an essential resource for chemists and engineers in the chemical and materials disciplines across multiple industries, as well as ideal supplementary

  9. Computer science and technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitagawa, T.

    1988-01-01

    This volume aims to provide up-to-date information on recent research and development in computer science and technology in Japan. In view of the rapid developments in these fields and the urgent demand for more detailed information about Japanese activities and achievements, it has been decided to concentrate on only a few selected topics in each volume. The topics covered will change each year so as to obtain adequate coverage of a broad range of activities over a period of a few years. This edition should not only contribute to the international understanding of technical developments in Japan, but also shed light on the cultural background to these theoretical and practical developments.

  10. Physical Sciences 2007 Science & Technology Highlights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hazi, A U

    2008-04-07

    The Physical Sciences Directorate applies frontier physics and technology to grand challenges in national security. Our highly integrated and multidisciplinary research program involves collaborations throughout Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Department of Energy, and with academic and industrial partners. The Directorate has a budget of approximately $150 million, and a staff of approximately 350 employees. Our scientists provide expertise in condensed matter and high-pressure physics, plasma physics, high-energy-density science, fusion energy science and technology, nuclear and particle physics, accelerator physics, radiation detection, optical science, biotechnology, and astrophysics. This document highlights the outstanding research and development activities in the Physical Sciences Directorate that made news in 2007. It also summarizes the awards and recognition received by members of the Directorate in 2007.

  11. Science and Technology Metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Analysis (1974 1994)", PSICOLOGIA CONDUCTUAL 1996, Vol 4, Iss 1, pp 111 121 Irvine, J.; Martin, B., "The Isaac Newton Telescope", Social Studies of Science...analysing 1000 articles from the Science Citation Index(R) and Social Sciences Citation Index(R) [Ali, 1993]. These articles were selected in ten...occurrences of the same keywords among the shared references. However, there are some unique differences in the science and the social science

  12. Instruments in science and technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boon, Mieke; Olsen, Jan Kyrre Berg; Pedersen, Stig Andur; Hendricks, Vincent F.

    2009-01-01

    Modern science and technology are interwoven into a complex that is sometimes called 'techno-science': the progress of science is dependent on the sophistication of instrumentation, whereas the progress of ‘high-tech’ instruments and apparatus is dependent on scientific research. Yet, how scientific

  13. WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology

    OpenAIRE

    Aibar Puentes, Eduard

    2015-01-01

    Peer-reviewed Presentació de la conferència "WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology". Presentación de la conferencia "WikiScience: Wikipedia for science and technology". Presentation of the conference "Science Wiki: Wikipedia for science and technology".

  14. Nuclear science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Program on Nuclear Science and Technology comprehends Nuclear and Condensed Matter Physics, Neutron Activation Analysis, Radiation Metrology, Radioprotection and Radioactive Waste Management. These activities are developed at the Research Reactor Center, the Radiation Metrology Center and the Radioactive Waste Management Laboratory. The Radioprotection activities are developed at all radioactive and nuclear facilities of IPEN-CNEN/SP. The Research Reactor Center at IPEN-CNEN/SP is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the Research Reactor IEA-R1 and has a three-fold mission: promoting basic and applied research in nuclear and neutron related sciences, providing educational opportunities for students in these fields and providing services and applications resulting from the reactor utilization. Specific research programs include nuclear structure study from beta and gamma decay of radioactive nuclei and nuclear reactions, nuclear and neutron metrology, neutron diffraction and neutron multiple-diffraction study for crystalline and magnetic structure determination, perturbed -angular correlation (PAC) using radioactive nuclear probes to study the nuclear hyperfine interactions in solids and instrumental neutron activation analysis, with comparative or ko standardization applied to the fields of health, agriculture, environment, archaeology, reference material production, geology and industry. The research in the areas of applied physics includes neutron radiography, scientific computation and nuclear instrumentation. During the last several years a special effort was made to refurbish the old components and systems of the reactor, particularly those related with the reactor safety improvement, in order to upgrade the reactor power. The primary objective was to modernize the IEA-R1 reactor for safe and sustainable operation to produce primary radioisotopes, such as {sup 99}Mo and {sup 131}I, among several others, used in nuclear medicine, by operating

  15. Innovative Technologies in Science Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Cecilia; Pombo, Lucia; Moreira, Antonio

    2011-01-01

    Technology plays a crucial role in pupils' and primary teachers' lives nowadays and its use can facilitate change towards an innovative school environment. The internet, for example, can act as a platform to foster science teaching and offers a variety of opportunities for effective science learning and engaging and motivating children. But…

  16. Constructivism, Education, Science, and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudourides, Moses A.

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present a brief review of the various streams of constructivism in studies of education, society, science and technology. It is intended to present a number of answers to the question (what really is constructivism?) in the context of various disciplines from the humanities and the sciences (both natural and…

  17. STEM: Science Technology Engineering Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Melton, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    The generative economic power and social influence of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) has made the production of a capable science and engineering workforce a priority among business and policy leaders. They are rightly concerned that without a robust STEM workforce, the nation will become less competitive in the global…

  18. Science & Technology Review June 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, Ramona L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Chinn, Ken B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kotta, Paul [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, Caryn N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-06-01

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we focus on science and technology research to ensure our nation’s security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published eight times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication’s goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  19. Science & Technology Review June 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chinn, D J

    2007-04-30

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration. At Livermore, we focus science and technology on ensuring our nation's security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published 10 times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory's scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication's goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  20. Science and technology policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Who is responsible for environmental and technological policy in Denmark? And how are those "policy-makers" made accountable to the public for their decisions?   This report attempts to answer these important questions by presenting the Danish contribution to the EU-funded project, Analysing Publ...

  1. African Journals Online: Technology, Computer Science ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 29 of 29 ... The Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology (EJST) publishes high .... Sciences is an international journal reporting significant new results in all .... general technology rocketry, space and astronomy, earth sciences, ...

  2. Science & Technology Review March 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henson, V E

    2005-01-25

    This issue of Science and Technology Review has the following articles: (1) Enhanced National Security through International Research Collaborations--Commentary by Stephen G. Cochran; (2) Building Networks of Trust through Collaborative Science--Livermore scientists are leading collaborative science and technology projects with colleagues from Central and South Asia and the Middle East; (3) Tracing the Steps in Nuclear Material Trafficking--The Laboratory.s nuclear science expertise is helping to thwart the illicit trafficking of nuclear material; (4) Looking at Earth in Action--Geophysicists at Livermore are using laboratory experiments to examine such issues as how best to store nuclear wastes and how to mitigate the effects of greenhouse gases; and (5) Gamma-Ray Bursts Shower the Universe with Metals--Computer models indicate that gamma-ray bursts from dying stars may be important sources of elements such as iron, zinc, titanium, and copper.

  3. Science-Technology-Society or Technology-Society-Science? Insights from an Ancient Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yeung Chung

    2010-01-01

    Current approaches to science-technology-society (STS) education focus primarily on the controversial socio-scientific issues that arise from the application of science in modern technology. This paper argues for an interdisciplinary approach to STS education that embraces science, technology, history, and social and cultural studies. By employing…

  4. Technology transfer and space science missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acuna, Mario

    1992-01-01

    Viewgraphs on technology transfer and space science missions are provided. Topics covered include: project scientist role within NASA; role of universities in technology transfer; role of government laboratories in research; and technology issues associated with science.

  5. 76 FR 38430 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... ). SUMMARY: The Subcommittee on Forensic Science (SoFS) of the National Science and Technology Council's... Science can be obtained through the Office of Science and Technology Policy's NSTC Web site at:......

  6. Science & Technology Review: September 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, Ramona L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, Caryn N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Chinn, Ken B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-09-30

    This is the September issue of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Science & Technology Review, which communicates, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. This month, there are features on "Laboratory Investments Drive Computational Advances" and "Laying the Groundwork for Extreme-Scale Computing." Research highlights include "Nuclear Data Moves into the 21st Century", "Peering into the Future of Lick Observatory", and "Facility Drives Hydrogen Vehicle Innovations."

  7. USSR Report: Physics and Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    2 - IT n were calculated as the differences between intensities of Compton scattering and diffuse scattering in each order. With the temperatue...a series of narrow frequency intervals when the split-level frequencies coincide with any of the intermode frequencies with an accuracy equivalent...Lebedev, USSR Academy of Sciences [Abstract] A seven-frame system for interferometric photography of laser plasma is described. The camera provides

  8. USSR Report Earth Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-22

    the 32nd Antarctic Expedition, the tanker ’BAM’, will sail from the Far Eastern port of Nakhodka . Once every two years this tanker makes stops at oil ...out of tankers . The use of mechanical means of cleaning up oil spills is not always possible in operations of the "LARN" program. A situation may...SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA, 23 Nov 86) 19 Oil - Spill Cleanup Drill Involves Helicopter With Experimental Gear (VODNYY TRANSPORT, 20 Nov 86) 20

  9. USSR Report, Earth Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Electroenergetic Seismic Effect (N. K. Pleskach; DOKLADY AKADEMII NAUK SSSR, No 6, Oct 86)... 27 Geomechanical Model of Seismofocal Zone of Active Continental...ferent types. Figures 1; references 4: 2 Russian, 2 Western. 5303/12955 CSO: 1865/106 UDC 551.24+550.34 GEOMECHANICAL MODEL OF SEISMOFOCAL ZONE OF

  10. USSR Report, Earth Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    anchors weighing some 900 kg. Between the two hulls there is a hydrofoil preventing pitching and heaving. In rough weather the hydrofoil increases the...among the atlas’ volumes? The first provides exhaustive oceanologic, hydrographic, ecological , hydrometeorologi- cal and historical information on...Oceanology Institute. Major ecological groups (elements) were defined in the studied plankton associations populating regions of different

  11. Neutrons for technology and science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aeppli, G.

    1995-10-01

    We reviewed recent work using neutrons generated at nuclear reactors an accelerator-based spallation sources. Provided that large new sources become available, neutron beams will continue to have as great an impact on technology and science as in the past.

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    NOUVELLES DE LA SCIENCE ET DES TECHNOLOGIES, Oct 87] 10 ADEBIO of France Promotes Biotechnology Industry [BIOFUTUR, Dec 87] 11 French University...25069 JPRS-EST-88-002 6 June 1988 11 WEST EUROPE ADEBIO of France Promotes Biotechnology Industry 3698a 144 Paris BIOFUTUR in French Dec 87 p 74

  13. Food Science and Technology Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Elinor; Federman, Joan

    1979-01-01

    Introduces the reader to the Food Science and Technology Abstracts, a data file that covers worldwide literature on human food commodities and aspects of food processing. Topics include scope, subject index, thesaurus, searching online, and abstracts; tables provide a comparison of ORBIT and DIALOG versions of the file. (JD)

  14. Governing Science, Technology and Innovation:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Stissing

    2007-01-01

    Abstract: As an object of public management, Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) is characterised by a high level of uncertainty and complexity. The paper argues that to cope with the phenomenon of STI as a coherent area of policy formulation and regulation, a balancing of rational-, reflexive...

  15. Teaching Science with Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gornostaeva, Svetlana

    2015-04-01

    This is a short introduction about me, description of different teaching methods, which is used in my teaching practice of Geography, biology and GIS systems education. The main part is tell about practical lesson with lab Vernier. My name is Svetlana Gornostaeva. I am a geography, biology and GIS systems teacher in Tallinn Mustjõe Gymnasium (www.mjg.ee) and private school Garant (http://www.erakoolgarant.ee/). In my teaching practice I do all to show that science courses are very important, interesting, and do not difficult. I use differentiated instruction methods also consider individual needs. At lessons is used different active teaching methods such as individual work of various levels of difficulty, team works, creative tasks, interactive exercises, excursions, role-playing games, meeting with experts. On my lessons I use visual aids (maps, a collection of rocks and minerals, herbarium, posters, Vernier data logger). My favorite teaching methods are excursions, meeting with experts and practical lesson with lab Vernier. A small part of my job demonstrate my poster. In the next abstract I want to bring a one practical work with Vernier which I do with my students, when we teach a theme "Atmosphere and climate". OUTDOOR LEARNING. SUBJECT "ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE". WEATHER OBSERVATIONS WITH VERNIER DATA LOGGER. The aim: students teach to use Vernier data logger and measure climatic parameters such as: temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, solar radiation, ultraviolet light radiation, wind speed. In working process pupils also teach work together, observe natural processes, analyze. Children are working by small groups, 4-5 in each group. Every one should personally measure all parameters and put numbers into the table. After it group observe cloudiness, analyze table and give conclusion "Is at this moment dominates cyclone or anticyclone ?". Children really like this kind of job. Vernier data logger it is really fantastic tool. It is mobile lab. This

  16. [Earth Science Technology Office's Computational Technologies Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, James (Technical Monitor); Merkey, Phillip

    2005-01-01

    This grant supported the effort to characterize the problem domain of the Earth Science Technology Office's Computational Technologies Project, to engage the Beowulf Cluster Computing Community as well as the High Performance Computing Research Community so that we can predict the applicability of said technologies to the scientific community represented by the CT project and formulate long term strategies to provide the computational resources necessary to attain the anticipated scientific objectives of the CT project. Specifically, the goal of the evaluation effort is to use the information gathered over the course of the Round-3 investigations to quantify the trends in scientific expectations, the algorithmic requirements and capabilities of high-performance computers to satisfy this anticipated need.

  17. Careers in science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The objective of this book is to expose junior and senior high school students to the science and technology fields. It also will convey the importance of getting a general education in science and mathematics while still in high school and of continuing such studies in college. This is intended to encourge students, particularly underrepresented minorities and women, to consider and prepare for careers in science and technology. This book attempts to point out the increasing importance of such knowledge in daily life regardless of occupational choice. This book is intended to be used by junior and senior high school students, as a classroom reference by teachers, and by scientist and engineers participating in outreach activities.

  18. National Academy of Sciences and Academy of Sciences of the USSR workshop on structure of the eucaryotic genome and regulation of its expression. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-31

    This report provides a brief overview of the Workshop on Structure of the Eukaryotic Genome and Regulation of its Expression held in Tbilisi, Georgia, USSR. The report describes the presentations made at the meeting but also goes on to describe the state of molecular biology and genetics research in the Soviet Union and makes recommendations on how to improve future such meetings.

  19. National Academy of Sciences and Academy of Sciences of the USSR workshop on structure of the eucaryotic genome and regulation of its expression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-01-01

    This report provides a brief overview of the Workshop on Structure of the Eukaryotic Genome and Regulation of its Expression held in Tbilisi, Georgia, USSR. The report describes the presentations made at the meeting but also goes on to describe the state of molecular biology and genetics research in the Soviet Union and makes recommendations on how to improve future such meetings.

  20. 75 FR 4882 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... ). SUMMARY: The Subcommittee on Forensic Science (SOFS) of the National Science and Technology Council's... the Office of Science and Technology Policy's NSTC Web site at http://www.ostp.gov/cs/nstc or...

  1. Preservice Science Teachers' Views on Science-Technology-Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dikmentepe, Emel; Yakar, Zeha

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the views of pre-service science teachers on Science-Technology-Society (STS). In the research, a descriptive research method was used and data were collected using the Views on Science-Technology-Society (VOSTS) Questionnaire. In general, the results of this study revealed that pre-service science teachers…

  2. Science & Technology Review October 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chinn, D J

    2007-08-21

    Livermore researchers won five R&D 100 awards in R&D Magazine's annual competition for the top 100 industrial innovations worldwide. This issue of Science & Technology Review highlights the award-winning technologies: noninvasive pneumothorax detector, microelectromechanical system-based adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope, large-area imager, hyper library of linear solvers, and continuous-phase-plate optics system manufactured using magnetorheological finishing. Since 1978, Laboratory researchers have received 118 R&D 100 awards. The R&D 100 logo (on the cover and p 1) is reprinted courtesy of R&D Magazine.

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Year Plan [Huang Yong; KEJI RIBAO, 25 Dec 90] ...... 7 Gene Transfer Using Ultrasound [Cheng Meimei, Hu Mucheng; KEJI RIBAO, 19 Dec 90...Beijing KEJI RIBAO [SCIENCE AND nese biotechnology development. TECHNOLOGY DAILY] in Chinese 25 Dec 90 p I Gene Transfer Using Ultrasound [Article by...transferring plant research. Among the key research results attained during genes using ultrasonic waves. The cavitation mechanism the Seventh 5-Year

  4. Journal of Science and Technology (Zambia)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The University of Zambia Journal of Science and Technology provides an outlet ... of science and technology found to be relevant for national and international ... The bi-annual journal is intended, in its publications, to stimulate new research ...

  5. Communicating in English for Science and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mousten, Birthe

    Communicating in English for Science and Technology covers some of the most important questions in connection with communication models, stylistics and genre conventions within the area of English used in science and technology texts. Moreover,knowledge management, terminology management...

  6. Journal of Applied Science, Engineering and Technology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Applied Science, Engineering and Technology. ... Food Science and Technology, Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Energy, ... Pretreatment effect on sun and solar drying of carrot slices · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT

  7. English for Science and Technology - Theoretical Part

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mousten, Birthe

    The books covers the most basic, theoretical approaches to English for Science and Technology. The book is aimed at BA Students or as an introduction to English in the genres of science and technology writing.......The books covers the most basic, theoretical approaches to English for Science and Technology. The book is aimed at BA Students or as an introduction to English in the genres of science and technology writing....

  8. Welcome to Quantum Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thew, Rob

    2016-03-01

    Quantum information science and related technologies now involve thousands of researchers worldwide, cutting across physics, chemistry, engineering, bioscience, applied mathematics and computer science, extending from fundamental science to novel applications and industry. This situation defines the scope and mission of Quantum Science and Technology, a new IOP journal serving the interests of this multidisciplinary field by publishing research of the highest quality and impact.

  9. Can Science and Technology Capacity be Measured?

    CERN Document Server

    Wagner, Caroline S; Dutta, Arindum

    2015-01-01

    The ability of a nation to participate in the global knowledge economy depends to some extent on its capacities in science and technology. In an effort to assess the capacity of different countries in science and technology, this article updates a classification scheme developed by RAND to measure science and technology capacity for 150 countries of the world.

  10. 75 FR 10845 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology... Subcommittee on Forensic Science of the National Science and Technology Council's (NSTC's) Committee on...

  11. 76 FR 6163 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... No: 2011-2440] OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council ACTION: Notice of meeting. Public input is requested... National Science and Technology Council's (NSTC's) Committee on Science will host a public forum...

  12. CHINA ASSOCIATION FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The China Association for Science and Technology(CAST) is a non-profit, non-government organization of Chinese scientific and technology workers. As a bridge between the nation's scientific and technological workers and the government, it is an important driving force in developing the country's science and technology.

  13. Science and Technology Parks in the Context of Social Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgaras Leichteris

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present a new approach to science and technology park concept and the development prospects in the context of social technologies. Globalization and the spread of social technologies are expanding the influence of science and technology parks on national innovation systems. It opens new directions for research in this area, as well as the practical use of social technologies in the development of science and technology parks. The paper also examines the science and technology park as an institutionalized concept of social technology. In this article the interdisciplinary approach for analyzing the complex concept of science and technology parks is used to explore the theoretical relationships with the social technologies concept. The possible links are identified and illustrated by practical examples ofLithuanian science and technology parks. Finally suggestions for further research are made. Based on the analysis and synthesis of scientific literature in both fields (science and technology parks; social technologies three possible theoretical links are established: a the use of social technologies in science and technology parks b the role of a science park as an intermediate body in the humanization and socialization of technologies c science and technology parks as an institutionalized concept of social technology. The theoretical model is supported by empirical illustrations from the development of Lithuanian science and technology parks, therefore further research in all three directions is feasible and needed. As this research takes a merely theoretical approach to the social systems investigation, it can be qualified only as a preparational stage for further research. The practical examples used in the article are more illustrative than evidence based and shall not be considered as case studies. The research offers an initial framework for researching science and technology parks in the context of social technologies

  14. Science and Technology Parks in the Context of Social Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgaras Leichteris

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Summary. This article aims to present a new approach to science and technology park concept and the development prospects in the context of social technologies. Globalization and the spread of social technologies are expanding the influence of science and technology parks on national innovation systems. It opens new directions for research in this area, as well as the practical use of social technologies in the development of science and technology parks. The paper also examines the science and technology park as an institutionalized concept of social technology. In this article the interdisciplinary approach for analyzing the complex concept of science and technology parks is used to explore the theoretical relationships with the social technologies concept. The possible links are identified and illustrated by practical examples of Lithuanian science and technology parks. Finally suggestions for further research are made. Based on the analysis and synthesis of scientific literature in both fields (science and technology parks; social technologies three possible theoretical links are established: a the use of social technologies in science and technology parks b the role of a science park as an intermediate body in the humanization and socialization of technologies c science and technology parks as an institutionalized concept of social technology. The theoretical model is supported by empirical illustrations from the development of Lithuanian science and technology parks, therefore further research in all three directions is feasible and needed. As this research takes a merely theoretical approach to the social systems investigation, it can be qualified only as a preparational stage for further research. The practical examples used in the article are more illustrative than evidence based and shall not be considered as case studies. The research offers an initial framework for researching science and technology parks in the context of social

  15. Science& Technology Review November 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahon, D

    2003-11-01

    This issue of Science & Technology Review covers the following topics: (1) We Will Always Need Basic Science--Commentary by Tomas Diaz de la Rubia; (2) When Semiconductors Go Nano--experiments and computer simulations reveal some surprising behavior of semiconductors at the nanoscale; (3) Retinal Prosthesis Provides Hope for Restoring Sight--A microelectrode array is being developed for a retinal prosthesis; (4) Maglev on the Development Track for Urban Transportation--Inductrack, a Livermore concept to levitate train cars using permanent magnets, will be demonstrated on a 120-meter-long test track; and (5) Power Plant on a Chip Moves Closer to Reality--Laboratory-designed fuel processor gives power boost to dime-size fuel cell.

  16. Terahertz Science, Technology, and Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Goutam

    2013-01-01

    The term "terahertz" has been ubiquitous in the arena of technology over the past couple of years. New applications are emerging every day which are exploiting the promises of terahertz - its small wavelength; capability of penetrating dust, clouds, and fog; and possibility of having large instantaneous bandwidth for high-speed communication channels. Until very recently, space-based instruments for astrophysics, planetary science, and Earth science missions have been the primary motivator for the development of terahertz sensors, sources, and systems. However, in recent years the emerging areas such as imaging from space platforms, surveillance of person-borne hidden weapons or contraband from a safe stand-off distance and reconnaissance, medical imaging and DNA sequencing, and in the world high speed communications have been the driving force for this area of research.

  17. Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (Program website, free access)   Currently there is no database matching your keyword search, but the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology website may be of interest. The Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology enables science and industry by providing essential measurement methods, instrumentation, and standards to support all phases of nanotechnology development, from discovery to production.

  18. Daylight Science and Daylighting Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Kittler, Richard; Darula, Stanislav

    2012-01-01

    Sunlight profoundly influences the Earth's atmosphere and biosphere. Nature fuels the evolution of all living things, their visual systems, and the manner in which they adapt, accommodate, and habituate. Sun luminance measurements serve as data to calculate typical changes in the daily, monthly, and annual variability characteristics of daylight. Climate-based sky luminance patterns are used as models in predicting daylighting calculation and computer programs applied in architecture and building design. Historically, daylight science and daylighting technology has prioritized photometric methods of measurements, calculation, and graphical tools aimed at predicting or evaluating the daylighting of architectural design alternatives. However, due to a heightened awareness of general health and well-being, sunlight exposure and freedom from visual discomfort while undertaking visual tasks are now equally prioritized. Therefore, in order to assure optimal environmental quality, daylighting technology must be base...

  19. Science & Technology Review September 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bearinger, J P

    2009-07-24

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Remembering the Laboratory's First Director - Commentary by Harold Brown; (2) Herbert F. York (1921-2009): A Life of Firsts, an Ambassador for Peace - The Laboratory's first director, who died on May 19, 2009, used his expertise in science and technology to advance arms control and prevent nuclear war; (3) Searching for Life in Extreme Environments - DNA will help researchers discover new marine species and prepare to search for life on other planets; (4) Energy Goes with the Flow - Lawrence Livermore is one of the few organizations that distills the big picture about energy resources and use into a concise diagram; and (5) The Radiant Side of Sound - An experimental method that converts sound waves into light may lead to new technologies for scientific and industrial applications.

  20. NASA Earth Science Update with Information Science Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halem, Milton

    2000-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of NASA earth science updates with information science technology. Details are given on NASA/Earth Science Enterprise (ESE)/Goddard Space Flight Center strategic plans, ESE missions and flight programs, roles of information science, ESE goals related to the Minority University-Space Interdisciplinary Network, and future plans.

  1. 75 FR 28275 - Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ... SECURITY Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee AGENCY: Science and Technology...: On April 12, 2010, the Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee announced in the... supplements that original meeting notice. DATES: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory...

  2. Science& Technology Review May 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahon, D H

    2003-05-01

    This May 2003 issue of ''Science and Technology Review'' covers the following articles: (1) ''Another Weapon in the Battle against Proliferation''; (2) ''Chemical Weapons Can't Evade This Lab'', Livermore's Forensic Science Center is certified to analyze samples collected during inspections conducted to monitor the Chemical Weapons Convention. (3) ''Bird's-Eye View Clarifies Research on the Ground'' Geobotanical remote sensing has applications in homeland security and energy resource development and provides new insights into complex ecologic systems. (4) ''Age Does Make a Difference'' Age-dating techniques and ultrasensitive technologies provide a comprehensive map of California's groundwater and indicate where it is most vulnerable to contaminants. (5) ''Reducing Aerodynamic Drag'' Simulations and experiments reveal ways to make heavy trucks more aerodynamic and fuel efficient.

  3. Science& Technology Review October 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budil, K S

    2002-10-01

    The October 2002 issue of Science and Technology Review has the following articles: (1) Applied Science Is a Hallmark of This Laboratory--Commentary by Hal Graboske. (2) Sending Up Signals for Genetic Variation--In situ rolling circle amplification promises to advance the detection and treatment of cancer and other diseases. (3) SiMM Is Anything But Simple--Modules of silicon microchannels and microlenses result in the smallest, most powerful, and least expensive laser diode pumps ever. (4) World's Most Powerful Solid-State Laser--A new design allows tremendous scaling up of solid-state laser power. (5) Stepping Up to Extreme Lithography--The next generation of computer chips can now be produced on a commercial scale. (6) Relief for Acute and Chronic Pain--New technology turns an ancient pain management method into a modern medical tool. (7)50th Anniversary Highlight--14 Energy and Environment: Understanding Our World--The Laboratory's energy and environmental research is an important adjunct to its core national security mission.

  4. Science & Technology Review October 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aufderheide III, M B

    2005-08-22

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Important Missions, Great Science, and Innovative Technology--Commentary by Cherry A. Murray; (2) NanoFoil{reg_sign} Solders with Less Heat--Soldering and brazing to join an array of materials are now Soldering and brazing to join an array of materials are now possible without furnaces, torches, or lead; (3) Detecting Radiation on the Move--An award-winning technology can detect even small amounts An award-winning technology can detect even small amounts of radioactive material in transit; (4) Identifying Airborne Pathogens in Time to Respond--A mass spectrometer identifies airborne spores in less than A mass spectrometer identifies airborne spores in less than a minute with no false positives; (5) Picture Perfect with VisIt--The Livermore-developed software tool VisIt helps scientists The Livermore-developed software tool VisIt helps scientists visualize and analyze large data sets; (6) Revealing the Mysteries of Water--Scientists are using Livermore's Thunder supercomputer and new algorithms to understand the phases of water; and (7) Lightweight Target Generates Bright, Energetic X Rays--Livermore scientists are producing aerogel targets for use in inertial Livermore scientists are producing aerogel targets for use in inertial confinement fusion experiments and radiation-effects testing.

  5. Thinking again about science in technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Jennifer Karns

    2012-09-01

    How to characterize the relationship between science and technology has been a sensitive issue for historians of technology. This essay uses a recent and controversial piece by Paul Forman as a springboard for reexamining the concept of applied science and asks whether "applied science" remains a useful term. Scholars have often taken "applied science" to mean the subordination of technological knowledge to scientific knowledge-and thus the subordination of history of technology to history of science. This essay argues that the historical moment for sensitivity on the subject of applied science has passed, that even in instances where technology can accurately be described as subordinate to science it need not follow that its history is subordinate, and that the concept can be useful in addressing issues in the history and contemporary practice of engineering education.

  6. African Journal of Science and Technology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... The African Journal of Science and Technology (AJST) is a biannual technical publication ... Le Journal Africain de Science et de Technologie est une revue scientifique du Journal Africain ...

  7. Educational technologies in health sciences libraries: teaching technology skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurst, Emily J

    2014-01-01

    As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many librarians. To appeal to their users, many health sciences librarians are interested in developing technology-based classes. This column explores the question: what skills are necessary for developing and teaching technology in an academic health sciences library setting?

  8. Science & Technology Review November 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budil, K

    2002-09-25

    This months issue of Science and Technology Review has the following articles: (1) High-Tech Help for Fighting Wildfires--Commentary by Leland W. Younker; (2) This Model Can Take the Heat--A physics-based simulation program to combat wildfires combines the capabilities and resources of Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos national laboratories. (3) The Best and the Brightest Come to Livermore--The Lawrence Fellowship Program attracts the most sought-after postdoctoral researchers to the Laboratory. (4) A view to Kill--Livermore sensors are aimed at the ''kill'' vehicle when it intercepts an incoming ballistic missile. (5) 50th Anniversary Highlight--Biological Research Evolves at Livermore--Livermore's biological research program keeps pace with emerging national issues, from studying the effects of ionizing radiation to detecting agents of biological warfare.

  9. Science & Technology Review May 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aufderheide III, M B

    2006-04-03

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Science and Technology Help the Nation Counter Terrorism--Commentary by Raymond J. Juzaitis; (2) Imagers Provide Eyes to See Gamma Rays--Gamma-ray imagers provide increased radiation detection capabilities and enhance the nation's arsenal for homeland security; (3) Protecting the Nation's Livestock--Foot-and-mouth disease could devastate America's livestock; a new assay provides a rapid means to detect it; (4) Measures for Measures--Laboratory physicists combine emissivity and reflectivity to achieve highly accurate temperature measurements of metal foils; and (5) Looping through the Lamb Shift--Livermore scientists measured a small perturbation in the spectra of highly ionized uranium--the first measurement of the two-loop Lamb shift in a bound state.

  10. ANSTO: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization conducts or is engaged in collaborative research and development in the application of nuclear science and associated technology. Through its Australian radio-isotopes unit, it markets radioisotopes, their products and other services for the nuclear medicine industry and research. It also operates national nuclear facilities (HIFAR and Moata research reactors), promotes training, provides advice and disseminates information on nuclear science and technology. The booklet briefly outlines these activities.

  11. Science and Technology and Counterterorrism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wadsworth, J

    2002-04-03

    Major scientific and technological breakthroughs played a pivotal role in our ability to win the Cold War. The possibility of a different type of war, in response to terrorism, has long been recognized. Indeed, countermeasures to address specific terrorist acts have been developed and are deployed, for example, at special sporting and political events. The current threat environment, however, has created an intense and compelling set of concerns; consequently, the challenge to the scientific Community to develop new concepts and products on an accelerated timeframe is clear. Also, the spectrum of terrorist threats is broad. It includes the use of conventional, chemical, biological, and nuclear and radiological weapons, not to mention cyber-based attacks. The imperatives for advances have been amplified now that attacks are clearly possible within the U.S. borders. For example, advanced sensors and detectors that are able to monitor the proliferation of all the above warfare agents and their movement at entry points into the U.S. are clearly needed. The investments over the last decades in research and development efforts at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories in nonproliferation have led unique technologies and detection capabilities that have proved useful; yet, many challenges remain. In particular, the development of accurate, robust, and low cost techniques that are easily deployable by first responders, law enforcement agencies, and military personnel is urgently needed. Advancements are needed in radiation, nuclear proliferation, and next-generation biological detection, as well as photonics and optics for global surveillance, information. science to convert data into useful forms, and forensic attribution. Current research and development efforts highlighting technical challenges, especially to the materials science community, will be presented.

  12. USSR Report, International Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    167092 JPRS-UIA-87-014 7 APRIL 1987 USSR Report INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DTSTPIBÜTTON HT^TFM’oKT Ä Approved fox ou’-K- ’c<£x;se; Distribution... USSR REPORT INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS CONTENTS EAST-WEST RELATIONS Ambassador, Correspondents View CSCE Process, Progress (NEPSZABADSAG, 13 Feb 87...Range Program (Boris Remizov, Valdimir Proskuryakov ; EKONOMICHESKOYE SOTRUDNICHESTVO STRAN-CHLENOV SEV, No 10, 1986) 21 - a - Measures for

  13. Science& Technology Review October 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahon, D H

    2003-10-01

    The October 2003 issue of Science & Technology Review consists of the following articles: (1) Award-Winning Technologies from Collaborative Efforts--Commentary by Hal Graboske; (2) BASIS Counters Airborne Bioterrorism--The Biological Aerosol Sentry and Information System is the first integrated biodefense system; (3) In the Chips for the Coming Decade--A new system is the first full-field lithography tool for use at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths; (4) Smoothing the Way to Print the Next Generation of Computer Chips--With ion-beam thin-film planarization, the reticles and projection optics made for extreme ultraviolet lithography are nearly defect-free; (5) Eyes Can See Clearly Now--The MEMS-based adaptive optics phoropter improves the process of measuring and correcting eyesight aberrations; (6) This Switch Takes the Heat--A thermally compensated Q-switch reduces the light leakage on high-average-power lasers; (7) Laser Process Forms Thick, Curved Metal Parts--A new process shapes parts to exact specifications, improving their resistance to fatigue and corrosion cracking; and (8) Characterizing Tiny Objects without Damaging Them--Livermore researchers are developing nondestructive techniques to probe the Lilliputian world of mesoscale objects.

  14. Application of comptuter technology in fruit science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pang Xiaoming; Wan Shuyuan; Hu Chungen

    2003-01-01

    This paper summarized the application of computer technology in fruit science, including crop modelling,expert system, decision support system (DSS), computer vision (CV), the Internet, 3 "S" technology, etc. The existingproblems and prospects are also discussed in the paper.

  15. Pre-Service Science Teachers' Cognitive Structures Regarding Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacioglu, Yasemin; Yamak, Havva; Kavak, Nusret

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal pre-service science teachers' cognitive structures regarding Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) and science education. The study group of the study consisted of 192 pre-service science teachers. A Free Word Association Test (WAT) consisting of science, technology, engineering, mathematics and…

  16. Science and Technology Teachers' Views of Primary School Science and Technology Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildiz-Duban, Nil

    2013-01-01

    This phenomenographic study attempts to explicit science and technology teachers' views of primary school science and technology curriculum. Participants of the study were selected through opportunistic sampling and consisted of 30 science and technology teachers teaching in primary schools in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. Data were collected through an…

  17. Introduction to the history of science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Byeong Ju

    1998-08-15

    This book contains origin of technology and development of civilization, national philosophy and ancient science and technology, Middle Age society and accumulation of science and technology, the era of the Renaissance and science and technology, development of science revolution and experimental science, technology and Mechanistic nature view of the manufacture time, science and evolution theory of the time of enlightenment idea, science and technology of the Industrial Revolution time, Korea's science and technology, modern technique and scientific approach, science and technology of the twenty-first century, and the role of science and technology in modern society.

  18. Theory-Guided Technology in Computer Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ari, Mordechai

    2001-01-01

    Examines the history of major achievements in computer science as portrayed by winners of the prestigious Turing award and identifies a possibly unique activity called Theory-Guided Technology (TGT). Researchers develop TGT by using theoretical results to create practical technology. Discusses reasons why TGT is practical in computer science and…

  19. Theory-Guided Technology in Computer Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ari, Mordechai

    2001-01-01

    Examines the history of major achievements in computer science as portrayed by winners of the prestigious Turing award and identifies a possibly unique activity called Theory-Guided Technology (TGT). Researchers develop TGT by using theoretical results to create practical technology. Discusses reasons why TGT is practical in computer science and…

  20. Science, Technology and Innovation in Uganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brar, Sukhdeep; Farley, Sara E.; Hawkins, Robert; Wagner, Caroline S.

    2010-01-01

    Science, Technology and Innovation in Uganda is part of the World Bank Studies series. These papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's ongoing research and to stimulate public discussion. This study presents a unique methodology to view science, technology and innovation (STI) in developing countries. The study provides a set…

  1. 78 FR 45992 - National Science and Technology Council; Notice of Meeting: Open Meeting of the National Science...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-30

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY National Science and Technology Council; Notice of Meeting: Open Meeting of the National Science and Technology Council; Committee on Technology; Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology... Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology......

  2. The global politics of science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Carpes, Mariana; Knoblich, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of scholars have begun to see science and technology as relevant issues in International Relations (IR), acknowledging the impact of material elements, technical instruments, and scientific practices on international security, statehood, and global governance. This two-volume collection brings the debate about science and technology to the center of International Relations. It shows how integrating science and technology translates into novel analytical frameworks, conceptual approaches and empirical puzzles, and thereby offers a state-of-the-art review of various methodological and theoretical ways in which sciences and technologies matter for the study of international affairs and world politics. The authors not only offer a set of practical examples of research frameworks for experts and students alike, but also propose a conceptual space for interdisciplinary learning in order to improve our understanding of the global politics of science and technology.

  3. Science& Technology Review September 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahon, D

    2003-09-01

    This September 2003 issue of ''Science and Technology Review'' covers the following articles: (1) ''The National Ignition Facility Is Born''; (2) ''The National Ignition Facility Comes to Life'' Over the last 15 years, thousands of Livermore engineers, scientists, and technicians as well as hundreds of industrial partners have worked to bring the National Ignition Facility into being. (3) ''Tracking the Activity of Bacteria Underground'' Using real-time polymerase chain reaction and liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry, researchers at Livermore are gaining knowledge on how bacteria work underground to break down compounds of environmental concern. (4) ''When Every Second Counts--Pathogen Identification in Less Than a Minute'' Livermore has developed a system that can quickly identify airborne pathogens such as anthrax. (5) ''Portable Radiation Detector Provides Laboratory-Scale Precision in the Field'' A team of Livermore physicists and engineers has developed a handheld, mechanically cooled germanium detector designed to identify radioisotopes.

  4. 59 MDW/Science and Technology Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-28

    SGYU SUBJECT: Professional Presentation Approval • ’ ...... -""""’ ~ 18 APR 20 17 1. Your paper, entitled 59 MDW/ Science & Technology Poster...presented at/published 59m Medical Wing Chief Scientists Office - Science & Technology to in accordance with MDWI 41-108, has been approved and assigned...Ambulatory Surgical Center (WHASC) internship and residency programs. 3. Please know that if you are a Graduate Health Sciences Education student and

  5. 78 FR 24241 - Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee; Committee on Technology, National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee; Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council; Notice of Public Meeting AGENCY: Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy. ACTION: Notice of Public Meeting. SUMMARY: The...

  6. 77 FR 61448 - Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee Committee on Technology, National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-09

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council; Public Meetings AGENCY: Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy. ACTION: Notice of Public Meetings. SUMMARY: The...

  7. 77 FR 13159 - Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee of the Committee on Technology...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee of the Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council Workshop ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: The National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO), on behalf of the Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology...

  8. Science and technology: socialising what for whom?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally Wyatt

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available In the Handbook on the socialisation of scientific and technological research, edited by Wiebe Bijker and Luciano d’Andrea, ‘socialisation’ is used to both describe and prescribe the ways in which science and technology are used in society. In this comment, ‘socialisation’ is discussed from two other points of view. First, the ways in which science and technology are sometimes used to organize, structure and dominate the social are identified. Second, drawing on Merton’s norms of science, an argument is made against over-socialising science and in favour of acknowledging and preserving the ‘special’ nature of science, for its own sake and because, at its best, science can offer an alternative model for other social activities.

  9. The metrics of science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Geisler, Eliezer

    2000-01-01

    Dr. Geisler's far-reaching, unique book provides an encyclopedic compilation of the key metrics to measure and evaluate the impact of science and technology on academia, industry, and government. Focusing on such items as economic measures, patents, peer review, and other criteria, and supported by an extensive review of the literature, Dr. Geisler gives a thorough analysis of the strengths and weaknesses inherent in metric design, and in the use of the specific metrics he cites. His book has already received prepublication attention, and will prove especially valuable for academics in technology management, engineering, and science policy; industrial R&D executives and policymakers; government science and technology policymakers; and scientists and managers in government research and technology institutions. Geisler maintains that the application of metrics to evaluate science and technology at all levels illustrates the variety of tools we currently possess. Each metric has its own unique strengths and...

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    engaged in struggling for themselves and probing their own industry. E. Our modern biotechnology industry is still in the sprouting stage To date...China’s modern biotechnology industry At present, we should first of all use product varieties that have already been developed in China and where we...microelectronics, computer science, materials science, fermentation engineering, and other applied sciences. Similarly, as a biotechnology industry , its

  11. Technology for NASA's Planetary Science Vision 2050.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakew, B.; Amato, D.; Freeman, A.; Falker, J.; Turtle, Elizabeth; Green, J.; Mackwell, S.; Daou, D.

    2017-01-01

    NASAs Planetary Science Division (PSD) initiated and sponsored a very successful community Workshop held from Feb. 27 to Mar. 1, 2017 at NASA Headquarters. The purpose of the Workshop was to develop a vision of planetary science research and exploration for the next three decades until 2050. This abstract summarizes some of the salient technology needs discussed during the three-day workshop and at a technology panel on the final day. It is not meant to be a final report on technology to achieve the science vision for 2050.

  12. Science, Technology, and YA Lit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemmons, Karina; Sheehy, Colleen

    2011-01-01

    Science teachers today need engaging projects to help students build 21st-century skills (NSTA 2011). Contemporary young adult literature (YA lit) can form the basis of one such project. YA lit--a genre of fiction geared toward 2 to 20-year-olds--opens a powerful avenue to connect with students and cover science topics in greater depth. YA lit is…

  13. Science & Technology Review July/August 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, Ramona L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, Caryn N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Chinn, Ken B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-07-18

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we focus on science and technology research to ensure our nation’s security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published eight times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication’s goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world. In this issue for the months of July and August 2016, there are two features: one on Science and Technology in Support of Nuclear Nonproliferation, and another on Seeking Out Hidden Radioactive Materials. Then there are highlights are three research projects--on optics, plasma science, and the nature of neutrinos--along with a news section and patents and awards.

  14. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal ... Determination of Nutritive Value and Mineral Elements of Some Species of Genus Memecylon Linn. ... towards Gender and Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Eastern Ethiopia: A ...

  15. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IJEST publishes articles that emphasizes research, development and application within the fields of engineering, science and technology. ... Other sites related to this journal: http://www.ijest-ng.com/ ... Rahul Singh, Dhirendra Patel, 1-10 ...

  16. Communicating English for Science and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mousten, Birthe

    The book introduces and discusses some of the ideas, stylistics, methods, aids and conventions used in English for Science and Technology. The book centres on a mix of theoretical considerations, examples, drills and texts.......The book introduces and discusses some of the ideas, stylistics, methods, aids and conventions used in English for Science and Technology. The book centres on a mix of theoretical considerations, examples, drills and texts....

  17. Open Bibliography for Science, Technology, and Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Richard

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The concept of Open Bibliography in science, technology and medicine (STM is introduced as a combination of Open Source tools, Open specifications and Open bibliographic data. An Openly searchable and navigable network of bibliographic information and associated knowledge representations, a Bibliographic Knowledge Network, across all branches of Science, Technology and Medicine, has been designed and initiated. For this large scale endeavour, the engagement and cooperation of the multiple stakeholders in STM publishing - authors, librarians, publishers and administrators - is sought.

  18. Open bibliography for science, technology, and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Richard; Macgillivray, Mark; Murray-Rust, Peter; Pitman, Jim; Sefton, Peter; O'Steen, Ben; Waites, William

    2011-10-14

    The concept of Open Bibliography in science, technology and medicine (STM) is introduced as a combination of Open Source tools, Open specifications and Open bibliographic data. An Openly searchable and navigable network of bibliographic information and associated knowledge representations, a Bibliographic Knowledge Network, across all branches of Science, Technology and Medicine, has been designed and initiated. For this large scale endeavour, the engagement and cooperation of the multiple stakeholders in STM publishing - authors, librarians, publishers and administrators - is sought.

  19. Communicating English for Science and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mousten, Birthe

    The book introduces and discusses some of the ideas, stylistics, methods, aids and conventions used in English for Science and Technology. The book centres on a mix of theoretical considerations, examples, drills and texts.......The book introduces and discusses some of the ideas, stylistics, methods, aids and conventions used in English for Science and Technology. The book centres on a mix of theoretical considerations, examples, drills and texts....

  20. Communicating in English for Science and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mousten, Birthe

    Communicating in English for Science and Technology covers some of the most important questions in connection with communication models, stylistics and genre conventions within the area of English used in science and technology texts. Moreover,knowledge management, terminology management and data...... and database management principles are included as a means to create consistent writing. Other means of help, such as manuals of style and the adoption of a language policy in corporate life, are included, too....

  1. USSR Report, International Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    antisocialist Polish emigre publica - tion, quoted a dispatch of mine from Warsaw as an example of nonsense. My words regarding the situation in the country...Soriano) USSR-LATIN AMERICA 130 Roundtable Discussion on Peaceful Conquest of Space. BOOK REVIEWS N G. Zaytsev. "America Latina. Deuda

  2. Sscience & technology review; Science Technology Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    This review is published ten times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s scientific and technological accomplishments, particularly in the Laboratory`s core mission areas - global security, energy and the environment, and bioscience and biotechnology. This review for the month of July 1996 discusses: Frontiers of research in advanced computations, The multibeam Fabry-Perot velocimeter: Efficient measurement of high velocities, High-tech tools for the American textile industry, and Rock mechanics: can the Tuff take the stress.

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    energy conservation technology focused on aluminum and poly- metallic paragenetic mineral comprehensive utilization technology, provide technical...the advantage of fewer steps and higher yield as compared to the classical method. Anhydrous aluminum trichloride has been used to catalyze the...solid fragrance preparations and deodorant etc. It is commonly synthesized by cyclic trim- erization of isobutyraldehyde in the presence of

  4. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    energy conservation technology R&D: (international cooperation on S&T related high- efficency gas turbines, new batteries, to mining and manufacturing...297 20. Nuclear Energy Peace-Use Technology ...... 301 Part 1. Research Plans of the Government Industrial 21. Environmental Pollution...25 Scale Project) .............................................. 359 (2) Mechanical Engineering Lab ....................... 28 2. New Energy

  5. Politicizing science: conceptions of politics in science and technology studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mark B

    2015-02-01

    This essay examines five ideal-typical conceptions of politics in science and technology studies. Rather than evaluating these conceptions with reference to a single standard, the essay shows how different conceptions of politics serve distinct purposes: normative critique, two approaches to empirical description, and two views of democracy. I discuss each conception of politics with respect to how well it fulfills its apparent primary purpose, as well as its implications for the purpose of studying a key issue in contemporary democratic societies: the politicization of science. In this respect, the essay goes beyond classifying different conceptions of politics and also recommends the fifth conception as especially conducive to understanding and shaping the processes whereby science becomes a site or object of political activity. The essay also employs several analytical distinctions to help clarify the differences among conceptions of politics: between science as 'political' (adjective) and science as a site of 'politics' (noun), between spatial-conceptions and activity-conceptions of politics, between latent conflicts and actual conflicts, and between politics and power. The essay also makes the methodological argument that the politics of science and technology is best studied with concepts and methods that facilitate dialogue between actors and analysts. The main goal, however, is not to defend a particular view of politics, but to promote conversation on the conceptions of politics that animate research in social studies of science and technology.

  6. Advances in software science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Ohno, Yoshio; Kamimura, Tsutomu

    1991-01-01

    Advances in Software Science and Technology, Volume 2 provides information pertinent to the advancement of the science and technology of computer software. This book discusses the various applications for computer systems.Organized into four parts encompassing 12 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of categorical frameworks that are widely used to represent data types in computer science. This text then provides an algorithm for generating vertices of a smoothed polygonal line from the vertices of a digital curve or polygonal curve whose position contains a certain amount of error. O

  7. OMICs Technologies Tools for Food Science

    CERN Document Server

    Benkeblia, Noureddine

    2012-01-01

    Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, food and nutrition sciences have undergone a fundamental molecular transformation. New discoveries in molecular biology, analytical chemistry, and biochemistry have led to the development of new tools that are likely to revolutionize the study of food. OMICS Technologies: Tools for Food Science explores how these tools reveal the fundamental pathways and biochemical processes that drive food and nutrition sciences. In this volume, an international panel of researchers examines the rise of these new technologies--including metabolomics, metageno

  8. High temperature vapors science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hastie, John

    2012-01-01

    High Temperature Vapors: Science and Technology focuses on the relationship of the basic science of high-temperature vapors to some areas of discernible practical importance in modern science and technology. The major high-temperature problem areas selected for discussion include chemical vapor transport and deposition; the vapor phase aspects of corrosion, combustion, and energy systems; and extraterrestrial high-temperature species. This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins with an introduction to the nature of the high-temperature vapor state, the scope and literature of high-temp

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology China

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-23

    Protoplast Culture of Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Plant Regeneration From Protoplast-Derived Calli 40091011a Beijing YICHUAN XUEBAO [ACTA GENETICA ...M.W., et al., PLANTA, Vol 157, 1983 p 385. Power, J.B., Cocking, E.C., SCIENCE PROGRESS, Vol 59, 1971 p 181. Thompson , J.A., et al., PLANT SCIENCE...YICHUAN XUEBAO [ACTA GENETICA SINICA] in Chinese Vol 15 No 5, Oct 88 pp 329-334 [English abstract of article by Tao Zirong [7118 5261 2837], et al

  10. Science, Technology, & Human Values. Issue No. 26.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelanski, Vivien B., Ed.; La Follette, Marcel C., Ed.

    This issue contains articles on the recombinant DNA controversy, the ethical principles of scientific institutions, and the effect of disaster novels on public opinion and technology assessment, as well as a guide to funding for science, technology and values projects, and a bibliography on professional ethics. In addition, 14 pages of news items…

  11. Teaching Science and Technology Issues: Curriculum Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, David

    1997-01-01

    Discusses problems in teaching science and technology from a societal perspective if not handled with prudence. The misapplication of scientific and technological knowledge in Nazi Germany in World War II is explored in particular. Suggests that an issue-oriented education is needed to help students gain an overall understanding of scientific…

  12. National Science Board Urges "Peace" Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physics Today, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Presents the five recommendations of the National Science Board in its fourth annual report to Congress. The report, The Role of Engineers and Scientists in a National Policy for Technology,'' calls for a strong commitment to the technologies of peace and is available from the United States Government Printing Office. (PR)

  13. Materials Science and Technology Teachers Handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wieda, Karen J.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Bliss, Mary; Pitman, Stan G.; Eschbach, Eugene A.

    2008-09-04

    The Materials Science and Technology (MST) Handbook was developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in Richland, Washington, under support from the U.S. Department of Energy. Many individuals have been involved in writing and reviewing materials for this project since it began at Richland High School in 1986, including contributions from educators at the Northwest Regional Education Laboratory, Central Washington University, the University of Washington, teachers from Northwest Schools, and science and education personnel at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Support for its development was also provided by the U.S. Department of Education. This introductory course combines the academic disciplines of chemistry, physics, and engineering to create a materials science and technology curriculum. The course covers the fundamentals of ceramics, glass, metals, polymers and composites. Designed to appeal to a broad range of students, the course combines hands-on activities, demonstrations and long term student project descriptions. The basic philosophy of the course is for students to observe, experiment, record, question, seek additional information, and, through creative and insightful thinking, solve problems related to materials science and technology. The MST Teacher Handbook contains a course description, philosophy, student learning objectives, and instructional approach and processes. Science and technology teachers can collaborate to build the course from their own interests, strengths, and experience while incorporating existing school and community resources. The course is intended to meet local educational requirements for technology, vocational and science education.

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-10

    34Prediction and automatic measurement technologies for changes of plankton composition in the coastal areas" (budget of Y5 million through FY92), will...try to develop a system which processes information on the number and variety of plankton and is necessary for the observation of nutriment-rich...functional sheet materials to be made from acid polysaccharides, the main constituent of seaweed . As a technology to collect rare and scarce solubilized

  15. Science and Technology Review, November 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eimerl, D.

    1998-11-01

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy. At Livermore, we focus science and technology on assuring our nationÕs security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published 10 times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the LaboratoryÕs scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publicationÕs goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  16. Science & Technology Review October/November 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orme, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kotta, P. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-11-05

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we focus on science and technology research to ensure our nation’s security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published eight times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication’s goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  17. Science & Technology Review January/February 2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, R. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, C. N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kotta, P. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-01-12

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we focus on science and technology research to ensure our nation’s security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published eight times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication’s goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  18. Science & Technology Review January/February 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orme, C. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, C. N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kotta, P. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-01-18

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we focus on science and technology research to ensure our nation’s security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published eight times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication’s goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  19. Science and Technology Review, December 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eimerl, D.

    1998-12-01

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy. At Livermore, we focus science and technology on assuring our nationÕs security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published 10 times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the LaboratoryÕs scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publicationÕs goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world.

  20. Science and Technology Helps Farmers Get Rich

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER LIM

    1994-01-01

    LAIZHOU City in Shandong Province is situated in the northwest Jiaodong Peninsula of Bohai Bay. In the past ten years, the development of agricultural science and technology, especially folk scientific and technological institutions, which are engaged in scientific research according to market demands, and have carried out production, management, promotion of agricultural technology and services, and have helped to quickly develop poor agricultural areas. The women of Laizhou are a vital new force in this cause.

  1. China Report, Science and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    86) 96 Slip -Line Field Problems Solved by Method of Approach (Hu Zhong, et al.; QINGHUA DAXUE XUEBAO, No 5, Oct 86) 97 Technical Development...yarn dyeing vat automated control microcomputer, sock dyeing machinery automated control microcomputer, and the model U jet cloth dyeing automated...tÜJKtt, 1977 CSO: 4009/1082 96 APPLIED SCIENCES SLIP -LINE FIELD PROBLEMS SOLVED BY METHOD OF APPROACH Beijing QINGHUA DAXUE XUEBAO (ZIRAN KEXUE

  2. Aviation environmental technology and science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yanzhong

    2008-01-01

    Expatiating on the impact of aviation on the environment and aviation environmental protection projects are ex- pounded, and analyzing on the atmosphere pollution and effects on the aviation noise of aircraft discharge. Researching the approach to control aircraft exhaust pollution and noise pollution, and proposing the technology and management measures to reduce air pollution.

  3. JPRS Report; Science & Technology Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    be fully used at a temperature exceeding 1,350°C. References 1. Kazumori Kishi, Masaki Umebayashi, Eiji Tani, and Kazuo Kobayashi, Journal of...Recently, the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Prof. Yoshikawa , et al, has successfully developed a new polishing technique for diamond thin films. The

  4. Teaching Science with Mobile Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Needham, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Examples of the use of various kinds of mobile information technology are explained for use in the classroom or laboratory. Individual or group work can make use of such devices, avoiding the need to move the class to a computer room or wait for a turn to use a computer in the laboratory. Many different applications are available. This article…

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-08

    duplication and promote synergy . The experts of the general management for data process- ing technology and innovation of the European Commis- sion...ones—with 7-8 vendors—are dAQess III, Mic- FORTH and Panorama (Views). To a certain extent the table also shows the life curve of software products

  6. PREFACE: Nanoscale science and technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellucci, Stefano

    2008-11-01

    modulated by tuning the strength of the spin-orbit interaction as well as by changing a constructive parameter of the junctions. Nanomechanical properties of conch shell by M Petraroli, showed how to use nanoindentation methods to explore, at the nanoscale, the mechanical properties of the Conus Mediterraneus conch, in order to compare nanohardness and elastic modulus with respect to the microstructural architecture and sample orientation. For the experimental tests a Nano Indenter XP (MTS Nano Instruments, Oak Ridge TN) has been used. The mechanical tests have been carried out on the inner surface of the shell and on three layers of its cross section (inner, middle and outer). On each of these surfaces the indentation has been performed at different maximum depth: from 250 nm to 4 μm, with a step of 250 nm. Data obtained suggest the following considerations: the inner surface of the conch shell, from the mechanical point of view, results homogeneous, while the shell structure is not homogeneous along its cross section; nanohardness and elastic modulus grow from the inner side to the outer side. No sensible difference has been observed with regards to the nanoindentation depth. The analysis supports the idea that artificial bio-inspired super-composites could be realized in the near future. CsPbCl3 nanocrystals dispersed in the Rb0,8Cs0,2Cl matrix: vibrational studies by P Savchyn reported the results of the infrared spectroscopy measurements and analysis intended to clarify the influence of CsPbCl3 nano-complexes, dispersed in the Rb0,8Cs0,2Cl matrix on the vibrational spectra of the host. Selected papers, based on conference original presentations and follow-up discussions, appear in the present dedicated issue of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. Tutorial lectures delivered at the school will be published by Springer Verlag Heidelberg, Germany, in their Lecture Notes in Nanoscale Science and Technology Series. The next edition of the meeting, n&n2008, planned in 20

  7. 75 FR 39955 - Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... SECURITY Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee AGENCY: Science and Technology.... SUMMARY: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee (HSSTAC) will meet July 20-21... will be partially closed to the public. DATES: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory...

  8. 75 FR 2555 - Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... SECURITY Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee AGENCY: Science and Technology...: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee will meet January 26-28, 2010, at the... public. DATES: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee will meet January 26, 2010...

  9. 75 FR 18516 - Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-12

    ... SECURITY Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee AGENCY: Science and Technology...: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee will meet April 20-22, 2010 at the.... This meeting will be closed to the public. DATES: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory...

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    overcoming the "quenching" the traditional trains , the Linear Maglev system allows phenomena. one transformer station to be able to control one train only...limitless dreams and hopes for the training and securing, (2) ample R&D funding, (3) infor- progress of science. At the same time, this discovery gave...with an Takagi-When you say an intelligent material, which is, engineering training , are least familiar with some of the let’s say, a bone, do you mean

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    indeed the case, the Fr88 million invested in the operation—40 million of which were provided by the French government , 28 million by the ESA, and 20...million by the Midi- Pyrenees region and the department of Haute- Garonne—will have proved worthwhile. Moreover, the CNES is firmly convinced that...in Fokker 92WS0778C Paris AFP SCIENCES in French 30 Jul 92 pl5 [Text] La Haye—The Dutch government , which holds 31.8 percent of the capital of

  12. Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology (EJST) publishes high quality ... applied aspects of science, technology, agriculture, health and other related fields. ... Dr Endalkachew Nibret, Department of Biology, Science College, BDU.

  13. Science& Technology Review June 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahon, D

    2003-06-01

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Livermore's Three-Pronged Strategy for High-Performance Computing, Commentary by Dona Crawford; (2) Riding the Waves of Supercomputing Technology--Livermore's Computation Directorate is exploiting multiple technologies to ensure high-performance, cost-effective computing; (3) Chromosome 19 and Lawrence Livermore Form a Long-Lasting Bond--Lawrence Livermore biomedical scientists have played an important role in the Human Genome Project through their long-term research on chromosome 19; (4) A New Way to Measure the Mass of Stars--For the first time, scientists have determined the mass of a star in isolation from other celestial bodies; and (5) Flexibly Fueled Storage Tank Brings Hydrogen-Powered Cars Closer to Reality--Livermore's cryogenic hydrogen fuel storage tank for passenger cars of the future can accommodate three forms of hydrogen fuel separately or in combination.

  14. Nuclear Science Technology and Nano Science Technology%核技术与纳米技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴之芳

    2007-01-01

    Nuclear science and technology can play a unique role in nano-science and technology, due to its nuclear characteristics and properties. In many cases nuclear science and technology can acquire intriguing results to help solve some basic scientific problems in nano science and technology, which are often difficult or even impossible for non-nuclear routes. In this review some latest achievements made in this aspect will be selectively introduced with the emphasis on the work done in our laboratory. The work includes (1) nuclear reactions for synthesis of novel nanomaterials; (2) nuclear spectroscopy for characterization of nanomaterials; and (3) nuclear analytical techniques for study of nanosafety and nanotoxicology. Some practical examples to demonstrate the roles of nuclear science and technology will be briefly described.

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Hypersonic Technology Program Outlined [Eckart Steinheil, Wolfgang Uhse; DORNIER POST, No 2, 1988] 14 Future Operational Aspects of European Space Station...autonomous place in the cosmos. But even if the supply with the space glider Hermes functions, dependency remains. For maintenance, one must look...its supply by Hermes. Every 180 days, the space glider , beginning at the end of 1999, is sup- posed to dock at the rearwardly-affixed coupling stud

  16. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    L’USINE NOUVELLE/TECHNOLOGIES, 13 Dec 90] 19 Trends in Laser Applications Analyzed [Claude Gele ; Paris INDUSTRIES ET TECHNIQUES, 21 Dec 90] 19...Claude Gele ; Paris INDUSTRIES ET TECHNIQUES, 21 Dec 90] 21 LASERS, SENSORS, OPTICS Swiss-Developed Sensor Measures High Voltages Non...Trends in Laser Applications Analyzed 91WS0164A Paris INDUSTRIES ET TECHNIQUES in French 21 Dec 91 pp 25-26 [Article by Claude Gele : "The

  17. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    personalization of information use and access. In the coming information society , all fields of human activities will be connected by information...of infrastructure and qualitative aspects of information technology utilization. To realize an advanced information society , it is necessary to...Software Promotion Programs A stable supply of high-quality software is essential to the realization of an advanced information society . The rapid

  18. Europe Report, Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-30

    technologies into industry; nuclear energy; biotechnolgy; the exploitation and utilization of marine resources and, finally, "the Europe of...agriculture and in medicine. I am thinking here of bacteria, yeasts, fungi and actinomycetes . The Institute of Microbiology plays a major role in the...sphere of microbial hydrolysis. Considerable success has been achieved in isolating highly active bacterial, mold and actinomycetes strains. On the basis

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-29

    Accelerated The discovery of perovskite -based superconductivity substances by Müller of IBM Zurich Research Institute in Switzerland created the...intensity of 10 roentgens per hour. For this effort, the Institute is earmarking 69 million yen from this year’s budget. Nuclear power plants have a...development of a basic technology toward the construction of a harsh environment sensor system capable of withstanding a radiation rate of 10 roentgens

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    space infrastructure. Structural materials, specially composite materials, technology is an important theme, so we are putting emphasis on research...attack is large, we also prepared a winglet -shaped main wing. A tail wing with a 90 degree angle of intersection was also prepared due to fears that...studies on aerodynamically flexible tailoring techniques for main wings, the models used in flutter wind tunnel tests are built with composite

  1. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-30

    stiffness two times greater than that of aluminum and, hence, a savings in weight. Filmix is assembled by a Foucault -current welding technology and not...for structures to be used in space flights. The scope of fabrication of the Filmix strand and the Foucault - current welding technique are both the...official, Michel Maurette, since it will not only have to observe, detect, and evaluate, but make decisions and implement them without interven

  2. Science, Technology and Requirements - Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    military applications; the glass technology can be used to develop retroreflectors for improved marking in highways, textiles , and signs. UV...equipment, or vehicles that can be tracked from long distances. Results Laminated 12”x12” windows were tested for ballistic resistance per ASTM...glass ribbon composites (OTRC) as components of laminated armor windows • Metrics and Deliverables: 12”x12”x2.5” laminated armor window that

  3. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Ford Aerospace of the U.S. or Aerospatiale of France. It will be equipped with two infrared-ray cameras to improve observation capabilities. The...and by scanning it with a laser beam. An X-ray fiber is not only effective as a sensor technology but expected to trigger social demand more than...omitted]. With regard to the Compton type free electron laser using high-energy small- current electron beam sources (linear accelerator, electron

  4. Japan Report, Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Ishikawa; OPTRONICS, Oct 86) 47 NEW MATERIALS /9986 High Thermal Conductive Aluminum Nitride Discussed (Kazuo Shinozaki, Akihiko Tsuge; CERAMICS...cooling systems (kerosene and gas) in terms of convenience, safety, and cleanliness . It will attract consumers’ attention in the future if its thermal...constant demands for safety, cleanliness , low cost, and convenience. The development of technology is indispensable to the management of electric

  5. JPRS Report, Science & Technology: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    While Aerospatiale sold 289 helicopters in 1990, last year’s level only reached 256 machines. This figure includes the MBB products, the BO 105 (34...Aerospatiale started with CATIC (China) and Singapore Aerospace, will be transferred to Ottobrunn. In addition, important future programs are the BO ...92 p 3 [Interview with Sarolta Makara, Madame Director of Csucstechnika Ltd., by B. L.] [Text] Csucstechnika [Peak Technology] is the only firm in

  6. Terahertz biomedical science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Son, Joo-Hiuk

    2014-01-01

    Introduction to Biomedical Studies Using Terahertz WavesJoo-Hiuk SonSection I Terahertz TechnologyTerahertz Sources and DetectorsHyunyong Choi and Joo-Hiuk SonTabletop High-Power Terahertz Pulse Generation TechniquesYun-Shik LeeTerahertz Imaging and Tomography TechniquesHyunyong Choi and Joo-Hiuk SonCompact Solid-State Electronic Terahertz Devices and CircuitsJae-Sung Rieh, Daekeun Yoon, and Jongwon Yun<

  7. Improving NASA's technology for space science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    The continued advance of the nation's space program is directly dependent upon the development and use of new technology. Technology is the foundation for every aspect of space missions and ground operations. The improvements in technology that will enable future advances are not only in device and system performance, but also in permitting missions to be carried out more rapidly and at lower cost. Although more can be done with current technology, NASA's recent call for new and innovative approaches should not be answered by employing only today's technologies; new technologies with revolutionary potential should be sought. The study reported here was performed to identify means to enhance the development of technologies for the space sciences and applications.

  8. Hanford science and technology needs statements, 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BERLIN, G.T.

    1999-07-16

    In the aftermath of the Cold War, the United States has begun addressing the environmental consequences of five decades of nuclear weapons production. In November 1989, DOE established the Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) as the central authority for cleaning up the DOE weapons complex legacy of pollution, for preventing further environmental contamination, and for instituting responsible environmental management. While performing its tasks, EM found that many aspects of its large and complex mission could not be achieved using existing science and technology or without incurring unreasonable costs, risks, or schedule impacts. Consequently, a process was developed to solicit needs from around the DOE complex and focus the science and technology resources of EM-50, the National Laboratories, private industry, and colleges and universities on those needs. This document describes those needs that the Hanford Site has identified as requiring additional science or technology to complete.

  9. Hanford science and technology needs statements, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berlin, G.T.

    1998-09-30

    In the aftermath of the Cold War, the US has begun addressing the environmental consequences of five decades of nuclear weapons production. In November 1989, DOE established the Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) as the central authority for cleaning up the DOE weapons complex legacy of pollution, for preventing further environmental contamination, and for instituting responsible environmental management. While performing its tasks, EM found that many aspects of its large and complex decisions could not be achieved using existing science and technology or without incurring unreasonable costs, risks, or schedule impacts. Consequently, a process was developed to solicit needs from around the DOE complex and focus the science and technology resources of EM-50, the National Laboratories, private industry, and collages and universities on those needs. This document describes those needs which the Hanford Site has identified as requiring additional science or technology to complete.

  10. USA-USSR protocol

    CERN Multimedia

    1970-01-01

    On 30 November the USA Atomic Energy Commission and the USSR State Committee for the Utilization of Atomic Energy signed, in Washington, a protocol 'on carrying out of joint projects in the field of high energy physics at the accelerators of the National Accelerator Laboratory (Batavia) and the Institute for High Energy Physics (Serpukhov)'. The protocol will be in force for five years and can be extended by mutual agreement.

  11. Nordic science and technology entrepreneurship education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warhuus, Jan P.; Basaiawmoit, Rajiv Vaid

    As a university discipline, entrepreneurship education (EEd) has moved from whether it can be taught, to what and how it should be taught (Kuratko 2005) and beyond the walls of the business school (Hindle 2007), where a need for a tailored, disciplinary approach is becoming apparent. Within science......, findings, and knowledge. The objective of this paper is to decode this tacit knowledge within Nordic science and technology institutions, and use it to provide guidance for future EEd program designs and improvements....

  12. Science & Technology Review June 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bearinger, J P

    2009-06-05

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) A Safer and Even More Effective TATB - Commentary by Bruce T. Goodwin; (2) Dissolving Molecules to Improve Their Performance - Computer scientists and chemists have teamed to develop a green method for recycling a valuable high explosive that is no longer manufactured; (3) Exceptional People Producing Great Science - Postdoctoral researchers lend their expertise to projects that support the Laboratory's missions; (4) Revealing the Identities and Functions of Microbes - A new imaging technique illuminates bacterial metabolic pathways and complex relationships; and (5) A Laser Look inside Planets - Laser-driven ramp compression may one day reveal the interior structure of Earth-like planets in other solar systems.

  13. Science & Technology Review November 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radousky, H

    2006-09-29

    This months issue has the following articles: (1) Expanded Supercomputing Maximizes Scientific Discovery--Commentary by Dona Crawford; (2) Thunder's Power Delivers Breakthrough Science--Livermore's Thunder supercomputer allows researchers to model systems at scales never before possible. (3) Extracting Key Content from Images--A new system called the Image Content Engine is helping analysts find significant but hard-to-recognize details in overhead images. (4) Got Oxygen?--Oxygen, especially oxygen metabolism, was key to evolution, and a Livermore project helps find out why. (5) A Shocking New Form of Laserlike Light--According to research at Livermore, smashing a crystal with a shock wave can result in coherent light.

  14. Science & Technology Review September 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budil, K

    2002-09-01

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Livermore--Poised for the Future, Commentary by Michael R. Anastasio; (2) A Hitchhiker's Guide to Early Earth--Experiments examine the possibility that the building blocks of life arrived on Earth as hitchhikers on comets; (3) A New World of Maps--More than pretty pictures, maps prepared with the tools of geographic information sciences allow researchers to find new relationships among spatial information; (4) Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells Stack Up to Efficient, Clean Power--The goal of Livermore's research in solid-oxide fuel cells is electric power generated cleanly and efficiently at an affordable cost; and (5) Empowering Light, Historic Accomplishments in Laser Research--During the past 40 plus years, the laser program at Livermore has played a seminal role in taking high-energy lasers from concept to reality.

  15. Science & Technology Review March 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bearinger, J P

    2009-01-22

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Seismic Science and Nonproliferation--Commentary by William H. Goldstein; (2) Sleuthing Seismic Signals--Supercomputer simulations improve the accuracy of models used to distinguish nuclear explosions from earthquakes and pinpoint their location; (3) Wind and the Grid--The Laboratory lends technical expertise to government and industry to more effectively integrate wind energy into the nation's electrical infrastructure; (4) Searching for Tiny Signals from Dark Matter--Powerful amplifiers may for the first time allow researchers to detect axions, hypothesized particles that may constitute 'dark matter', and (5) A Better Method for Self-Decontamination--A prototype decontamination system could one day allow military personnel and civilians to better treat themselves for exposure to toxic chemicals.

  16. Science & Technology Review April 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radousky, H B

    2007-02-27

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Shaking the Foundations of Solar-System Science--Commentary by William H. Goldstein; (2) Stardust Results Challenge Astronomical Convention--The first samples retrieved from a comet are a treasure trove of surprises to Laboratory researchers; (3) Fire in the Hole--Underground coal gasification may help to meet future energy supply challenges with a production process from the past; (4) Big Physics in Small Spaces--A newly developed computer model successfully simulates particle-laden fluids flowing through complex microfluidic systems; (5) A New Block on the Periodic Table--Livermore and Russian scientists add a new block to the periodic table with the creation of element 118; and (6) A Search for Patterns and Connections--Throughout his career, Edward Teller searched for mathematical solutions to explain the physical world.

  17. Science & Technology Review June 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blobaum, K J

    2010-04-28

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) A Leader in High-Pressure Science--Commentary by William H. Goldstein; (2) Diamonds Put the Pressure on Materials--New experimental capabilities are helping Livermore scientists better understand how extreme pressure affects a material's structure; (3) Exploring the Unusual Behavior of Granular Materials--Livermore scientists are developing new techniques for predicting the response of granular materials under pressure; (4) A 1-Ton Device in a Briefcase--A new briefcase-sized tool for nuclear magnetic resonance is designed for onsite analysis of suspected chemical weapons; and (5) Targets Designed for Ignition--A series of experiments at the National Ignition Facility is helping scientists finalize the ignition target design.

  18. 77 FR 5282 - National Science and Technology Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY National Science and Technology Council ACTION: Notice of Public Meeting. SUMMARY: The... Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council...

  19. Separation science and technology: an ORNL perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pruett, D.J.

    1986-05-01

    This report was prepared as a summary of a fourfold effort: (1) to examine schemes for defining and categorizing the field of separation science and technology; (2) to review several of the major categories of separation techniques in order to determine the most recent developments and future research needs; (3) to consider selected problems and programs that require advances in separation science and technology as a part of their solution; and (4) to propose suggestions for new directions in separation research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

  20. Incorporating digital technologies into science classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilton, Annette; Hilton, Geoff

    2013-01-01

    learning. There is a need for research that examines the ways in which digital technologies impact on teaching practices and learning outcomes. This paper describes case studies from two larger studies that examined ways in which digital technologies could be used to promote students’ understanding...... in science. The first case study involved primary school students (12 years old) using digital video production to record and represent their learning in science. This study extended writing-to-learn approaches to include video production to learn. The second case study involved Year 11 chemistry students...

  1. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Henley, Ernest J

    1972-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 6 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of nuclear science and technology. This book covers a variety of topics, including nuclear steam generator, oscillations, fast reactor fuel, gas centrifuge, thermal transport system, and fuel cycle.Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the high standards of technical safety for Europe's first nuclear-propelled merchant ship. This text then examines the state of knowledge concerning qualitative results on the behavior of the solutions of the nonlinear poin

  2. Mathematics for engineering, technology and computing science

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Hedley G

    1970-01-01

    Mathematics for Engineering, Technology and Computing Science is a text on mathematics for courses in engineering, technology, and computing science. It covers linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, and vector analysis, together with line and multiple integrals. This book consists of eight chapters and begins with a discussion on determinants and linear equations, with emphasis on how the value of a determinant is defined and how it may be obtained. Solution of linear equations and the dependence between linear equations are also considered. The next chapter introduces the reader to

  3. Japan society for software science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Nakajima, Reiji; Hagino, Tatsuya

    1990-01-01

    Advances in Software Science and Technology, Volume 1 provides information pertinent to the advancement of the science and technology of computer software. This book discusses the various applications for computer systems.Organized into three parts encompassing 13 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the phase structure grammar for Japanese called JPSG, and a parser based on this grammar. This text then explores the logic-based knowledge representation called Uranus, which uses a multiple world mechanism. Other chapters consider the optimal file segmentation techniques for multi-at

  4. Separation science and technology: an ORNL perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pruett, D.J.

    1986-05-01

    This report was prepared as a summary of a fourfold effort: (1) to examine schemes for defining and categorizing the field of separation science and technology; (2) to review several of the major categories of separation techniques in order to determine the most recent developments and future research needs; (3) to consider selected problems and programs that require advances in separation science and technology as a part of their solution; and (4) to propose suggestions for new directions in separation research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

  5. Advances in software science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Kakuda, Hiroyasu; Ohno, Yoshio

    1992-01-01

    Advances in Software Science and Technology, Volume 3 provides information pertinent to the advancement of the science and technology of computer software. This book discusses the various applications for computer systems.Organized into two parts encompassing 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the development of a system of writing tools called SUIKOU that analyzes a machine-readable Japanese document textually. This text then presents the conditioned attribute grammars (CAGs) and a system for evaluating them that can be applied to natural-language processing. Other chapters c

  6. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Henley, Ernest J

    1976-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 9 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of nuclear science and technology. This book discusses the safe and beneficial development of land-based nuclear power plants.Organized into five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the possible consequences of a large-scale release of radioactivity from a nuclear reactor in the event of a serious accident. This text then discusses the extension of conventional perturbation techniques to multidimensional systems and to high-order approximations of the Boltzmann equation.

  7. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Henley, Ernest J

    1973-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 7 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of nuclear science and technology. This book discusses the safe and beneficial development of land-based nuclear power plants.Organized into five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of irradiation-induced void swelling in austenitic stainless steels. This text then examines the importance of various transport processes for fission product redistribution, which depends on the diffusion data, the vaporization properties, and the solubility in the fuel matrix. Other chapters co

  8. Advances in software science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hikita, Teruo; Kakuda, Hiroyasu

    1993-01-01

    Advances in Software Science and Technology, Volume 4 provides information pertinent to the advancement of the science and technology of computer software. This book discusses the various applications for computer systems.Organized into two parts encompassing 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the historical survey of programming languages for vector/parallel computers in Japan and describes compiling methods for supercomputers in Japan. This text then explains the model of a Japanese software factory, which is presented by the logical configuration that has been satisfied by

  9. Hanford science and technology needs statements document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piper, L.L.

    1997-12-31

    This document is a compilation of the Hanford science and technology needs statements for FY 1998. The needs were developed by the Hanford Site Technology Coordination Group (STCG) with full participation and endorsement of site user organizations, stakeholders, and regulators. The purpose of this document is to: (a) provide a comprehensive listing of Hanford science and technology needs, and (b) identify partnering and commercialization opportunities with industry, other federal and state agencies, and the academic community. The Hanford STCG reviews and updates the needs annually. Once completed, the needs are communicated to DOE for use in the development and prioritization of their science and technology programs, including the Focus Areas, Cross-Cutting Programs, and the Environmental Management Science Program. The needs are also transmitted to DOE through the Accelerating Cleanup: 2006 Plan. The public may access the need statements on the Internet on: the Hanford Home Page (www.hanford.gov), the Pacific Rim Enterprise Center`s web site (www2.pacific-rim.org/pacific rim), or the STCG web site at DOE headquarters (em-52.em.doegov/ifd/stcg/stcg.htm). This page includes links to science and technology needs for many DOE sites. Private industry is encouraged to review the need statements and contact the Hanford STCG if they can provide technologies that meet these needs. On-site points of contact are included at the ends of each need statement. The Pacific Rim Enterprise Center (206-224-9934) can also provide assistance to businesses interested in marketing technologies to the DOE.

  10. Science& Technology Review March 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahon, D H

    2004-01-23

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) ''Rethinking Atoms for Peace and the Future of Nuclear Technology'' a commentary by Ronald F. Lehman II; (2) ''Rich Legacy from Atoms for Peace'' In 1953, President Eisenhower encouraged world leaders to pursue peaceful uses of nuclear technology. Many of Livermore's contributions in the spirit of this initiative continue to benefit society today. (3) ''Tropopause Height Becomes Another Climate-Change Fingerprint'' Simulations and observational data show that human activities are largely responsible for the steady elevation of the tropopause, the boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere. (4) ''A Better Method for Certifying the Nuclear Stockpile'' Livermore and Los Alamos are developing a common framework for evaluating the reliability and safety of nuclear weapons. (5) ''Observing How Proteins Loop the Loop'' A new experimental method developed at Livermore allows scientists to monitor the folding processes of proteins, one molecule at a time.

  11. Dismantling boundaries in science and technology studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dear, Peter; Jasanoff, Sheila

    2010-12-01

    The boundaries between the history of science and science and technology studies (STS) can be misleadingly drawn, to the detriment of both fields. This essay stresses their commonalities and potential for valuable synergy. The evolution of the two fields has been characterized by lively interchange and boundary crossing, with leading scholars functioning easily on both sides of the past/present divide. Disciplines, it is argued, are best regarded as training grounds for asking particular kinds of questions, using particular clusters of methods. Viewed in this way, history of science and STS are notable for their shared approaches to disciplining. The essay concludes with a concrete example--regulatory science--showing how a topic such as this can be productively studied with methods that contradict any alleged disciplinary divide between historical and contemporary studies of science.

  12. Science & Technology Review May 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aufderheide, M B

    2005-04-05

    Articles in this month's issue include: (1) Einstein's Legacy Alive at Livermore--Commentary by Michael R. Anastasio; (2) Applying Einstein's Theories of Relativity--In their efforts to understand the cosmos, Livermore physicists must account for the relativistic effects postulated by Albert Einstein; (3) Locked in Rock: Sequestering Carbon Dioxide Underground--Livermore scientists are examining technologies to reduce atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide by burying it deep underground; (4) Modeling the Subsurface Movement of Radionuclides--Using data from past underground nuclear tests, a Livermore team is modeling radionuclide migration at the Nevada Test Site; and (5) Novel Materials from Solgel Chemistry--Livermore chemists are developing a method for fabricating solgels to better control the physical properties of the new materials.

  13. Science & Technology Review December 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chinn, D J

    2007-10-24

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Homeland Security Begins Abroad--Commentary by John C. Doesburg; (2) Out of Harm's Way--New physical protection and accountability systems, together with a focus on security, safeguard nuclear materials in the Russian Federation; (3) A Calculated Journey to the Center of the Earth--Determining the permeability of partially melted metals in a mineral matrix unlocks secrets about the formation of Earth's core; (4) Wireless That Works--Communication technologies using ultrawideband radar are improving national security; and (5) Power to the People--Edward Teller envisioned safe and plentiful nuclear power for peaceful applications.

  14. Science & Technology Review March 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bearinger, J P

    2010-01-29

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Countering the Growing Chem-Bio Threat -- Commentary by Penrose (Parney) C. Albright; (2) Responding to a Terrorist Attack Involving Chemical Warfare Agents -- Livermore scientists are helping the nation strengthen plans to swiftly respond to an incident involving chemical warfare agents; (3) Revealing the Secrets of a Deadly Disease -- A Livermore-developed system helps scientists better understand how plague bacteria infect healthy host cells; (4) A New Application for a Weapons Code -- Simulations reveal for the first time how blast waves cause traumatic brain injuries; (5) Testing Valuable National Assets for X-Ray Damage -- Experiments at the National Ignition Facility are measuring the effects of radiation on critical systems; and (6) An Efficient Way to Harness the Sun's Power -- New solar thermal technology is designed to supply residential electric power at nearly half of the current retail price.

  15. Science & Technology Review March 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radousky, H B

    2007-02-05

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Partnering to Enhance Americans Health--Commentary by Tomas Diaz de la Rubia; (2) Advancing the Frontiers in Cancer Research--Researchers at the University of California Davis Cancer Center and Lawrence Livermore are teaming up to fight cancer; (3) On the Leading Edge of Atmospheric Predictions--Continual research and development at the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center help mitigate the consequences of toxic airborne hazards; (4) Climate and Agriculture: Change Begets Change--A Livermore researcher is using computer models to explore how a warmer climate may affect crop yields in California; (5) New Routes to High Temperatures and Pressures--With functionally graded density impactors composed of thin metal and polyethylene films, researchers can explore new areas of experimental physics; and (6) From Sound Waves to Stars: Teller's Contributions to Shock Physics--Edward Teller's interest in shock physics led to significant developments in both basic and applied science.

  16. Technology thrusts for future Earth science applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Shahid

    2001-02-01

    This paper presents NASA's recent direction to invest in the critical science instrument and platform technologies in order to realize more reliable, frequent and versatile missions for future Earth Science measurements. Historically, NASA's Earth Science Enterprise has developed and flown science missions that have been large in size, mass and volume. These missions have taken much longer to implement due to technology development time, and have carried a large suite of instruments on a large spacecraft. NASA is now facing an era where the budget for the future years is more or less flat and the possibility for any major new start does not vividly appear on the horizon. Unfortunately, the scientific measurement needs for remote sensing have not shrunk to commensurate with the budget constraints. In fact, the challenges and scientific appetite in search of answers to a score of outstanding questions have been gradually expanding. With these factors in mind, for the last three years NASA has been changing its focus to concentrate on how to take advantage of smaller missions by relying on industry, and minimizing the overall mission life cycle by developing technologies that are independent of the mission implementation cycle. The major redirection of early investment in the critical technologies should eventually have its rewards and significantly reduce the mission development period. Needless to say, in the long run this approach should save money, minimize risk, promote or encourage partnering, allow for a rapid response to measurement needs, and enable frequent missions making a wider variety of earth science measurements. This paper gives an overview of some of the identified crucial technologies and their intended applications for meeting the future Earth Science challenges.

  17. 75 FR 9007 - National Science and Technology Council, Committee on Technology Capstone Workshop Risk...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY National Science and Technology Council, Committee on Technology Capstone Workshop Risk Management Methods & Ethical, Legal, and Societal Implications of Nanotechnology: Public Meeting ACTION... the Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the Committee on...

  18. Science & Technology Review June 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poyneer, L A

    2012-04-20

    This month's issue has the following articles: (1) A New Era in Climate System Analysis - Commentary by William H. Goldstein; (2) Seeking Clues to Climate Change - By comparing past climate records with results from computer simulations, Livermore scientists can better understand why Earth's climate has changed and how it might change in the future; (3) Finding and Fixing a Supercomputer's Faults - Livermore experts have developed innovative methods to detect hardware faults in supercomputers and help applications recover from errors that do occur; (4) Targeting Ignition - Enhancements to the cryogenic targets for National Ignition Facility experiments are furthering work to achieve fusion ignition with energy gain; (5) Neural Implants Come of Age - A new generation of fully implantable, biocompatible neural prosthetics offers hope to patients with neurological impairment; and (6) Incubator Busy Growing Energy Technologies - Six collaborations with industrial partners are using the Laboratory's high-performance computing resources to find solutions to urgent energy-related problems.

  19. Primary teachers' attitudes towards science and technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asma, L.J.F.; Walma van der Molen, J.H.; Aalderen-Smeets, S. van

    2011-01-01

    The study on primary teachers' attitudes towards science and technology has received considerable research attention over the last decades. However, if one looks at the extant literature in this domain, a major problem that becomes apparent is the lack of consistency in the conceptualization of what

  20. Support for School Science and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schools Council, London (England).

    This Schools Council Working Paper contains the report of a working party established to review the "form, function and finance for all school science, mathematics and technology centres in the United Kingdom and to make suggestions for a possible national framework." A description of the types of existing centers used by science…

  1. Public's Knowledge of Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pew Research Center, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The public's knowledge of science and technology varies widely across a range of questions on current topics and basic scientific concepts, according to a new quiz by the Pew Research Center and "Smithsonian" magazine. About eight-in-ten Americans (83%) identify ultraviolet as the type of radiation that sunscreen protects against. Nearly…

  2. Technothrillers and English for Science and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz-Santos, Gilberto

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on a particular teaching experience where a contemporary fiction work featuring high tech has been used as a source material in English for science and technology courses, and how this approach has had a positive impact on students' motivation to learn English as well as on their overall performance in the foreign language. (Author/VWL)

  3. Science and Technology for Bioterrorism Defense

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitch, J P

    2004-05-04

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Chemical & Biological National Security Program (CBNP) provides science, technology, and integrated systems for chemical and biological security. Our approach is to develop and field systems that dramatically improve the nation's capabilities to prevent, prepare for, detect, and respond to terrorist use of chemical or biological weapons.

  4. Science and Technology Policymaking: A Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-27

    mechanisms to combat anthrax in sheep and cattle, cholera in chickens, spoilage in milk , wine and vinegar, and rabies in people.) • Phenomena...decisions. Generally these issues fall into the category of science for policy and technology for policy. Examples include how to improve nutrition

  5. Food Science & Technology. Instructor Guide. Student Reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Phillip

    This packet contains an instructor curriculum guide and a student reference book for a course in food science and technology. The 4-unit curriculum contains 23 lessons. The instructor's guide contains the following components of a unit of instruction: objectives, competencies, motivational techniques, teaching procedures, other activities,…

  6. Computer science research and technology volume 3

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Janice P

    2011-01-01

    This book presents leading-edge research from across the globe in the field of computer science research, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to this fast-moving and diverse field. Some topics included are: network topology; agile programming; virtualization; and reconfigurable computing.

  7. Zimbabwe Journal of Technological Sciences: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... and well-written articles on theory and practice in Technological Sciences. ... Page 2: Write the manuscript title again without names, to facilitate blind reviewing. ... This is where the utility value, contribution or value addition of the study can ...

  8. [Science and technology for the new millenium].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novo-Coronado, E

    2001-03-01

    The arrival of the new millennium move us to make a series of reflections about the status of Science and Technology in Venezuela and consequently, in Latin America. It seems that we have not understood yet, that having strong Science and Technology put us in a more advantageous position to cope with the problems related to our underdevelopment. Decisive and expeditious actions are required in Venezuela and Latin America to reduce the scientific and technological gap between developed and underdeveloped countries. These actions can be portrayed in two possible scenarios. The first one, dealing with scientific funding of basic and applied research focused on areas of critical need. Central, regional and local governments must share responsibilities for scientific development and hence, to provide appropriate funding for scientific research. The financing of personnel and the acquisition of equipment and materials for qualified scientists and research centers should be guaranteed. The second scenario deals with universities and superior education institutions which should match their curricula to contemporaneous knowledge, and to assume their role as science promoters through a creditable scientific leadership. Also, they must provide affordable opportunities for teachers and scientists to catch up with the continuing and progressive advance of science, through the establishment of inter-institutional agreements in Venezuela and abroad which would allow Venezuelan scientists to participate in joint research ventures, and therefore, to be in touch with knowledge and technologies not available in our countries.

  9. STEM: Science Technology Engineering Mathematics. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Melton, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) occupations are critical to the nation's continued economic competitiveness because of their direct ties to innovation, economic growth, and productivity, even though they will only be 5 percent of all jobs in the U.S. economy by 2018. The disproportionate influence of STEM raises a…

  10. Secondary School Science and Technology in Mauritius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunma, Vandana

    2002-01-01

    Traces the history of secondary school science in Mauritius to identify factors that may have influenced its link to technology of local significance. Reports that while there are many educational and vocational opportunities, the education system is founded on literary lines with examinations. Subsequent selection at different levels has become…

  11. Introduction to cognition in science and technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, Michael E

    2009-10-01

    Cognitive studies of science and technology have had a long history of largely independent research projects that have appeared in multiple outlets, but rarely together. The emergence of a new International Society for Psychology of Science and Technology suggests that this is a good time to put some of the latest work in this area into topiCS in a way that will both acquaint readers with the cutting edge in this domain and also give them a hint of its history. One core theme includes how scientists, inventors, and engineers represent and solve problems; another, related theme is the extent to which they distribute and share cognition. Methodologies include fine-grained studies of historical records, protocols of working scientists, observations and comparisons of engineering science laboratories, and computational simulations designed both to serve as research tools and also to improve scientific problem-solving. The series of articles will conclude with the Associate Editor's suggestions for future research.

  12. Encyclopedia of color science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    The Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology provides an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the concepts of color to all fields of science and technology, including artistic and historical aspects of color. Many topics are discussed in this timely reference, including an introduction to the science of color, and entries on the physics, chemistry and perception of color. Color is described as it relates to optical phenomena of color and continues on through colorants and materials used to modulate color and also to human vision of color. The measurement of color is provided as is colorimetry, color spaces, color difference metrics, color appearance models, color order systems and cognitive color. Other topics discussed include industrial color, color imaging, capturing color, displaying color and printing color. Descriptions of color encodings, color management, processing color and applications relating to color synthesis for computer graphics are included in this work. The Encyclo...

  13. The 2017 terahertz science and technology roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhillon, S. S.; Vitiello, M. S.; Linfield, E. H.; Davies, A. G.; Hoffmann, Matthias C.; Booske, John; Paoloni, Claudio; Gensch, M.; Weightman, P.; Williams, G. P.; Castro-Camus, E.; Cumming, D. R. S.; Simoens, F.; Escorcia-Carranza, I.; Grant, J.; Lucyszyn, Stepan; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto; Konishi, Kuniaki; Koch, Martin; Schmuttenmaer, Charles A.; Cocker, Tyler L.; Huber, Rupert; Markelz, A. G.; Taylor, Z. D.; Wallace, Vincent P.; Axel Zeitler, J.; Sibik, Juraj; Korter, Timothy M.; Ellison, B.; Rea, S.; Goldsmith, P.; Cooper, Ken B.; Appleby, Roger; Pardo, D.; Huggard, P. G.; Krozer, V.; Shams, Haymen; Fice, Martyn; Renaud, Cyril; Seeds, Alwyn; Stöhr, Andreas; Naftaly, Mira; Ridler, Nick; Clarke, Roland; Cunningham, John E.; Johnston, Michael B.

    2017-02-01

    Science and technologies based on terahertz frequency electromagnetic radiation (100 GHz-30 THz) have developed rapidly over the last 30 years. For most of the 20th Century, terahertz radiation, then referred to as sub-millimeter wave or far-infrared radiation, was mainly utilized by astronomers and some spectroscopists. Following the development of laser based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy in the 1980s and 1990s the field of THz science and technology expanded rapidly, to the extent that it now touches many areas from fundamental science to ‘real world’ applications. For example THz radiation is being used to optimize materials for new solar cells, and may also be a key technology for the next generation of airport security scanners. While the field was emerging it was possible to keep track of all new developments, however now the field has grown so much that it is increasingly difficult to follow the diverse range of new discoveries and applications that are appearing. At this point in time, when the field of THz science and technology is moving from an emerging to a more established and interdisciplinary field, it is apt to present a roadmap to help identify the breadth and future directions of the field. The aim of this roadmap is to present a snapshot of the present state of THz science and technology in 2017, and provide an opinion on the challenges and opportunities that the future holds. To be able to achieve this aim, we have invited a group of international experts to write 18 sections that cover most of the key areas of THz science and technology. We hope that The 2017 Roadmap on THz science and technology will prove to be a useful resource by providing a wide ranging introduction to the capabilities of THz radiation for those outside or just entering the field as well as providing perspective and breadth for those who are well established. We also feel that this review should serve as a useful guide for government and funding agencies.

  14. Science-Technology Coupling: The Case of Mathematical Logic and Computer Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner-Dobler, Roland

    1997-01-01

    In the history of science, there have often been periods of sudden rapprochements between pure science and technology-oriented branches of science. Mathematical logic as pure science and computer science as technology-oriented science have experienced such a rapprochement, which is studied in this article in a bibliometric manner. (Author)

  15. Re/Thinking the Nature of Technology in Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mijung; Roth, Wolff-Michael

    2016-01-01

    With increasing technological changes and needs in society, technology and engineering education has received much attention in school science. Yet, technology traditionally has been subordinated to science or simply taken as the application of science. This position has resulted in a limited understanding of teaching technological and engineering…

  16. The Brazilian investment in science and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinheiro-Machado R.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of Brazilian federal expenditures in science and technology is presented is this study. The 1990-1999 data were compiled from records provided by two federal agencies (MCT and CNPq responsible for managing most of the national budget related to these activities. The results indicate that the federal investments in Brazilian science and technology stagnated during the last decade (US$ 2.32 billion in 1990, US$ 2.39 billion in 1996, and US$ 2.36 billion in 1999. In contrast, a great increase in private investments in research was acknowledged both by industry and by the government during the same period, from US$ 2.12 to US$ 4.64 billion. However, this investment did not result in an increase in invention patents granted to residents (492 in 1990 and only 232 in 1997 or in a reduction of patent costs. Despite this unfavorable scenario, the number of graduate programs in the country has increased two-fold in the last decade and the contribution of Brazilians to the database of the Institute for Scientific Information has increased 4.7-fold from 1990 (2,725 scientific publications to 2000 (12,686 scientific publications. Unstable federal resources for science, together with the poor returns of private resources in terms of developing new technologies, may jeopardize the future of Brazilian technological development.

  17. Critical materialism: science, technology, and environmental sustainability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    York, Richard; Clark, Brett

    2010-01-01

    There are widely divergent views on how science and technology are connected to environmental problems. A view commonly held among natural scientists and policy makers is that environmental problems are primarily technical problems that can be solved via the development and implementation of technological innovations. This technologically optimistic view tends to ignore power relationships in society and the political-economic order that drives environmental degradation. An opposed view, common among postmodernist and poststructuralist scholars, is that the emergence of the scientific worldview is one of the fundamental causes of human oppression. This postmodernist view rejects scientific epistemology and often is associated with an anti-realist stance, which ultimately serves to deny the reality of environmental problems, thus (unintentionally) abetting right-wing efforts to scuttle environmental protection. We argue that both the technologically optimistic and the postmodernist views are misguided, and both undermine our ability to address environmental crises. We advocate the adoption of a critical materialist stance, which recognizes the importance of natural science for helping us to understand the world while also recognizing the social embeddedness of the scientific establishment and the need to challenge the manipulation of science by the elite.

  18. Incorporating digital technologies into science classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilton, Annette; Hilton, Geoff

    2013-01-01

    in science. The first case study involved primary school students (12 years old) using digital video production to record and represent their learning in science. This study extended writing-to-learn approaches to include video production to learn. The second case study involved Year 11 chemistry students...... (16 years old) learning about and with multiple digital representations in a unit on chemical bonding. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected in the studies. The findings revealed that using digital technologies in student-centred activities can promote a range of positive outcomes...

  19. Innovative Technologies for Science Data Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, R.; Conover, H. T.; Graves, S. J.; Keiser, K.; Smith, M. R.

    2001-05-01

    The Information Technology and Systems Center (ITSC) at the University of Alabama has long been active in information technology research applied to Earth science data. This poster will showcase three key technologies being developed by ITSC: the Earth Science Markup Language (ESML), data mining applied to Earth science data, and data set independent subsetting tools. Each of these technologies is designed to ease data handling by Earth scientists, thereby freeing their time for research. ESML uses the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) as the basis for standardizing metadata or information about data formats, thus facilitating development of search, visualization, and analysis tools that are independent of data type or format. A unique feature of ESML is that it not only describes the content and structure of the data, but also provides semantic information, which allows an application to intelligently interpret the data. Thus, ESML provides a means for working with legacy, current, and future data sets in an integrated fashion, by defining a standard for external metadata to describe the content, structure, and semantics of a file. The Algorithm Development and Mining (ADaM) system applies data mining technologies to Earth science remote sensing data and other spatial data sets. The ADaM system consists of a series of interoperable data readers, preprocessing and analysis modules, and data writers, which can be linked together in many ways to create customized mining processes. This system has been applied to several Earth science problems including tropical cyclone detection, cloud classification, lightning detection, and mesoscale convective system identification. Current research is adapting data mining technologies for real-time processing on board satellites. ITSC has also developed several tools for science data subsetting. The HDF-EOS Web-Based Subsetter (HEW) is designed to work on any properly formatted HDF-EOS swath or grid data file. UAH is working with

  20. 77 FR 56681 - Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee; Committee on Technology, National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Doc No: 2012-22676] OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee; Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council; Public Engagement Through Nano.gov Webinar AGENCY: Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and...

  1. HANFORD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NEEDS STATEMENTS 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    WIBLE, R.A.

    2002-04-01

    This document: (a) provides a comprehensive listing of the Hanford sites science and technology needs for fiscal year (FY) 2002; and (b) identifies partnering and commercialization opportunities within industry, other federal and state agencies, and the academic community. These needs were prepared by the Hanford projects (within the Project Hanford Management Contract, the Environmental Restoration Contract and the River Protection Project) and subsequently reviewed and endorsed by the Hanford Site Technology Coordination Group (STCG). The STCG reviews included participation of DOE-RL and DOE-ORP Management, site stakeholders, state and federal regulators, and Tribal Nations. These needs are reviewed and updated on an annual basis and given a broad distribution.

  2. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Greebler, Paul

    1968-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Volume 4 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of advanced reactor concepts. This book discusses the advances in various areas of general applicability, including modern perturbation theory, optimal control theory, and industrial application of ionizing radiations.Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the technology of sodium-cooled fast breeder power reactors and gas-cooled power reactors. This text then examines the key role of reactor safety in the development of fast breeder reactors. Other chapt

  3. Information Technology and the Cognitive Sciences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    -computer interaction' studies have been focused on analysis of interface communication. These approaches have, quite naturally, resulted in a rather technology driven, bottom-up research strategy. Application of advanced information technology in large scale installation, however, also calls for a more system oriented......Different approaches to the study of cognitive systems can be identified. The AI related'cognitive science' is based on the information processing metaphor of human cognition in an attempt to reach 'computational' models for behaviour in well-formed micro worlds. Within the field of 'human...

  4. Sandia technology engineering and science accomplishments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-03-01

    Sandia is a DOE multiprogram engineering and science laboratory with major facilities at Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California, and a test range near Tonapah, Nevada. We have major research and development responsibilities for nuclear weapons, arms control, energy, the environment, economic competitiveness, and other areas of importance to the needs of the nation. Our principal mission is to support national defense policies by ensuring that the nuclear weapon stockpile meets the highest standards of safety, reliability, security, use control, and military performance. Selected unclassified technical activities and accomplishments are reported here. Topics include advanced manufacturing technologies, intelligent machines, computational simulation, sensors and instrumentation, information management, energy and environment, and weapons technology.

  5. Advances in software science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Kamimura, Tsutomu

    1994-01-01

    This serial is a translation of the original works within the Japan Society of Software Science and Technology. A key source of information for computer scientists in the U.S., the serial explores the major areas of research in software and technology in Japan. These volumes are intended to promote worldwide exchange of ideas among professionals.This volume includes original research contributions in such areas as Augmented Language Logic (ALL), distributed C language, Smalltalk 80, and TAMPOPO-an evolutionary learning machine based on the principles of Realtime Minimum Skyline Detection.

  6. Nordic science and technology entrepreneurship education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warhuus, Jan P.; Basaiawmoit, Rajiv Vaid

    As a university discipline, entrepreneurship education (EEd) has moved from whether it can be taught, to what and how it should be taught (Kuratko 2005) and beyond the walls of the business school (Hindle 2007), where a need for a tailored, disciplinary approach is becoming apparent. Within science......, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) EEd, tacit knowledge of what works and why is growing, while reflections to activate this knowledge are often kept local or reported to the EEd community as single cases, which are difficult compare and contrast for the purpose of deriving cross-case patterns......, findings, and knowledge. The objective of this paper is to decode this tacit knowledge within Nordic science and technology institutions, and use it to provide guidance for future EEd program designs and improvements....

  7. Formulation of disperse systems science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Tadros, Tharwat F

    2014-01-01

    This book presents comprehensively the science and technology behind the formulation of disperse systems like emulsions, suspensions, foams and others. Starting with a general introduction, the book covers a broad range of topics like the role of different classes of surfactants, stability of disperse systems, formulation of different dispersions, evaluation of formulations and many more. Many examples are included, too. Written by the experienced author and editor Tharwart Tadros, this book is indispensable for every scientist working in the field.

  8. Armored Combat Vehicles Science and Technology Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    analysis0 SS 94 GHz TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER MODULE Provide low cost transciever modules for pulsed, FMCW or FSK radars at 35-100 Gfz. STAC!LTZATTOU...prepared by TACOM. 3 !. ... Ill11111iilIl 0 1 lPI IPIt’IlA BEST AVAILABLE.COPY The Armored Combat Vehicle Science and Technology Base Development program...classes of Army Systems including Radar , E-O, AD. Communications, Missiles and EW. NETWORK MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION - BATTLEFIELD INFORMATION

  9. Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lowndes, D. H.; Alivisatos, A. P.; Alper, M.; Averback, R. S.; Jacob Barhen, J.; Eastman, J. A.; Imre, D.; Lowndes, D. H.; McNulty, I.; Michalske, T. A.; Ho, K-M; Nozik, A. J.; Russell, T. P.; Valentin, R. A.; Welch, D. O.; Barhen, J.; Agnew, S. R.; Bellon, P.; Blair, J.; Boatner, L. A.; Braiman, Y.; Budai, J. D.; Crabtree, G. W.; Feldman, L. C.; Flynn, C. P.; Geohegan, D. B.; George, E. P.; Greenbaum, E.; Grigoropoulos, C.; Haynes, T. E.; Heberlein, J.; Hichman, J.; Holland, O. W.; Honda, S.; Horton, J. A.; Hu, M. Z.-C.; Jesson, D. E.; Joy, D. C.; Krauss, A.; Kwok, W.-K.; Larson, B. C.; Larson, D. J.; Likharev, K.; Liu, C. T.; Majumdar, A.; Maziasz, P. J.; Meldrum, A.; Miller, J. C.; Modine, F. A.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pharr, G. M.; Phillpot, S.; Price, D. L.; Protopopescu, V.; Poker, D. B.; Pui, D.; Ramsey, J. M.; Rao, N.; Reichl, L.; Roberto, J.; Saboungi, M-L; Simpson, M.; Strieffer, S.; Thundat, T.; Wambsganss, M.; Wendleken, J.; White, C. W.; Wilemski, G.; Withrow, S. P.; Wolf, D.; Zhu, J. H.; Zuhr, R. A.; Zunger, A.; Lowe, S.

    1999-01-01

    This report describes important future research directions in nanoscale science, engineering and technology. It was prepared in connection with an anticipated national research initiative on nanotechnology for the twenty-first century. The research directions described are not expected to be inclusive but illustrate the wide range of research opportunities and challenges that could be undertaken through the national laboratories and their major national scientific user facilities with the support of universities and industry.

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China: Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    introduce to China new manufacturing and design techniques for super-cntical generators. The two super-critical generators, he said, can save about 5...equipment locally. As a result, some of the foreign companies have con- tracted with domestic manufacturers to make the equip- ment Nearly $50 million...34golden guitar ," has made science and technology establish themselves in its enterprises, and by the end of 1988 it had produced a cumulative 37.406

  11. Recent progress in terahertz science and technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The relatively new technique of coherent electromagnetic radiation, in the region of 1012 Hz, has potential to detect the nature of low energy processes in physics, chemistry and biomedicine. In this review article, an overview of recent progress of terahertz (THz) science and technology is presented. The development of the THz generation and detection system, the THz radiation applications which include THz time-domain spectroscopy and T-ray imaging, and the future potential of THz wave research are discussed.

  12. Science and technology review, October 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Upadhye, R.

    1997-10-01

    This month`s issue contains articles entitled Livermore Science and Technology Garner Seven 1997 R&D 100 Awards; New Interferometer Measures to Atomic Dimensions; Compact More Powerful Chips from Virtually Defect-free Thin Film Systems, A New Precision Cutting Tool; The Femtosecond Laser; MELD: A CAD Tool for Photonoics Systems, The Tiltmeter: Tilting at Great Depths to Find Oil; Smaller Insulators Handle Higher Voltage; and Compact Storage Management Software: The Next Generation.

  13. Charter of the Science and Technology Policy Council (STPC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA Science and Technology Policy Council (STPC) will identify critical science and technology policy issues and develop policies to help advance the Administrator's environmental and public health priorities.

  14. The Danish Association for Science and Technology Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A presentation of the Danish Association for Science and Technology Studies (DASTS). Organization, experiences, challenges and future developments.......A presentation of the Danish Association for Science and Technology Studies (DASTS). Organization, experiences, challenges and future developments....

  15. Technology as "Applied Science": A Serious Misconception that Reinforces Distorted and Impoverished Views of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil-Perez, Daniel; Vilches, Amparo; Fernandez, Isabel; Cachapuz, Antonio; Praia, Joao; Valdes, Pablo; Salinas, Julia

    2005-01-01

    The current consideration of technology as "applied science", this is to say, as something that comes "after" science, justifies the lack of attention paid to technology in science education. In our paper we question this simplistic view of the science-technology relationship, historically rooted in the unequal appreciation of intellectual and…

  16. Science and Technology Diplomacy with Cuba

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colon, Frances

    President Obama's announcement of U. S. policy change toward Cuba and increased freedom of interaction with the Cuban people opens unprecedented and long-awaited opportunities for the scientific and engineering communities in the U. S. and in Cuba to establish and expand collaborative efforts that will greatly advance U.S. and Cuba science and technology agendas. New rules for export of donated-only items for scientific use will bring researchers closer to the level of their professional peers around the world. Increasing Cubans' access to information will result in greater interactions between scientific communities and enable the sharing of ideas and discoveries that can fuel entrepreneurship on the island. The scientific community has expressed an extraordinary level of interest in the wide range of scientific opportunities that the new policy presents, in collaborating with their Cuban counterparts, and in supporting the development of scientific capacity in Cuba. In response to numerous expressions of interest and inquiries from the scientific community, the Office of the Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State (STAS) has engaged in public outreach to inform the U.S. science and technology community of the implications of the new policy for collaborative research, emerging scientific opportunities, and the standing limitations for engagement with the people of Cuba.

  17. Narrative Pedagogies in Science, Mathematics and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbs, Linda; Davis, Rob

    2013-06-01

    Despite years of research, there remains serious concern regarding the engagement of students in science, mathematics and technology education. In this paper, the authors explore how narrative pedagogies are used in science, mathematics and technology in order to make the subjects meaningful. The paper focuses specifically on the role and aesthetic nature of narrative as a pedagogical approach in these school subjects and between school sectors. Case study methodology was used to compare the findings of two independent studies investigating the role of narrative-based pedagogies in mathematics and science (first author) and technology (second author). Based on this comparison, this paper proposes two perspectives on narrative-based pedagogies that deal with the connection of students with the subject: inward-looking that situated the learner within the story generated around artefact creation, and outward-looking that situated the stories of the content into students' lifeworlds. The use of this comparative lens enabled a higher level of analysis that could not have been achieved by each research programme, generating a broader narrative that provided deeper insight into the teaching and learning experience.

  18. Constitutional moments in governing science and technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasanoff, Sheila

    2011-12-01

    Scholars in science and technology studies (STS) have recently been called upon to advise governments on the design of procedures for public engagement. Any such instrumental function should be carried out consistently with STS's interpretive and normative obligations as a social science discipline. This article illustrates how such threefold integration can be achieved by reviewing current US participatory politics against a 70-year backdrop of tacit constitutional developments in governing science and technology. Two broad cycles of constitutional adjustment are discerned: the first enlarging the scope of state action as well as public participation, with liberalized rules of access and sympathetic judicial review; the second cutting back on the role of the state, fostering the rise of an academic-industrial complex for technology transfer, and privatizing value debates through increasing delegation to professional ethicists. New rules for public engagement in the United Sates should take account of these historical developments and seek to counteract some of the anti-democratic tendencies observable in recent decades.

  19. RUSSIAN FEDERATION STATE PRIZE IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR 2009

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The Russian Federation State Prize in the field of Science and Technology for 2009 for "A Set of Scientific Works on the Development of Laser and Information Technologies in Medicine" (Presidential Decree N° 678, dated June 6th, 2010) was awarded jointly to Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Institute of Laser and Information Technologies, Russian Academy of Sciences, V. Ya. Panchenko; to Doctor of Medical Sciences, Ac...

  20. Science and Technology Text Mining: Global Technology Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-07-01

    Prog Bio, 57: (3), 1998. 20. Swanson, D.R., “Fish Oil, Raynauds Syndrome , and Undiscovered Public Knowledge”, Perspect Biol Med, .30: (1), 1986. 21...based, required to understand the status of science and technology ( S &T) globally. Since one important dissemination avenue for S &T is its literature...literature in S &T development and exploitation. Ready access to the results of all global research performed is required in order to: REPORT DOCUMENTATION

  1. Science and Technology Review September 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quong, A.A.

    2001-09-01

    This issue contains the following articles: (1) ''Technology Transfer Takes a Team''. (2) ''Zeroing In on Genes'' With Gene Recovery Microdissection, sequencing an entire genome to find its genes will no longer be necessary. (3) ''Big Glass for a Big Laser'' Together, Livermore and two leading laser glass producers have developed a revolutionary new method for making big pieces of high-quality laser glass. (4) ''Lasershot Makes Its Mark'' The Lasershot Marking System creates permanent, high-resolution identification marks on safety-critical metal parts, without weakening the part. (5) ''Tracking the Global Spread of Advanced Technology'' The Center for Global Security Research takes on the challenge of analyzing and raising awareness of the potential national security threats posed by advances in science and technology.

  2. Integrating Science and Technology: Using Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge as a Framework to Study the Practices of Science Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pringle, Rose M.; Dawson, Kara; Ritzhaupt, Albert D.

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we examined how teachers involved in a yearlong technology integration initiative planned to enact technological, pedagogical, and content practices in science lessons. These science teachers, engaged in an initiative to integrate educational technology in inquiry-based science lessons, provided a total of 525 lesson plans for this…

  3. #2) Sensor Technology-State of the Science | Science ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Establish market surveys of commercially-available air quality sensorsConduct an extensive literature survey describing the state of sensor technologiesInvestigate emerging technologies and their potential to meet future air quality monitoring needs for the Agency as well as other partners/stakeholders Develop sensor user guidesEducate sensor developers/sensors users on the state of low cost censorsFacilitate knowledge transfer to Federal/Regional/State air quality associatesWork directly with sensor developers to dramatically speed up the development of next generation air monitoring Support ORD’s Sensor Roadmap by focusing on areas of highest priority (NAAQS, Air Toxics, Citizen Science)Establish highly integrated research efforts across ORD and its partners (internal/external) to ensure consistent The National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL) Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division (HEASD) conducts research in support of EPA mission to protect human health and the environment. HEASD research program supports Goal 1 (Clean Air) and Goal 4 (Healthy People) of EPA strategic plan. More specifically, our division conducts research to characterize the movement of pollutants from the source to contact with humans. Our multidisciplinary research program produces Methods, Measurements, and Models to identify relationships between and characterize processes that link source emissions, environmental concentrations, human exposures, and target-tissue dose.

  4. Science & Technology Review October/November 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogt, R. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meissner, C. N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kotta, P. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2016-11-11

    At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we focus on science and technology research to ensure our nation’s security. We also apply that expertise to solve other important national problems in energy, bioscience, and the environment. Science & Technology Review is published eight times a year to communicate, to a broad audience, the Laboratory’s scientific and technological accomplishments in fulfilling its primary missions. The publication’s goal is to help readers understand these accomplishments and appreciate their value to the individual citizen, the nation, and the world. The Laboratory is operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), for the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration. LLNS is a partnership involving Bechtel National, University of California, Babcock & Wilcox, Washington Division of URS Corporation, and Battelle in affiliation with Texas A&M University. More information about LLNS is available online at www.llnsllc.com. Please address any correspondence (including name and address changes) to S&TR, Mail Stop L-664, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551, or telephone (925) 423-3893. Our e-mail address is str-mail@llnl.gov. S&TR is available on the Web at str.llnl.gov.

  5. Wind Energy Workforce Development: Engineering, Science, & Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lesieutre, George A.; Stewart, Susan W.; Bridgen, Marc

    2013-03-29

    Broadly, this project involved the development and delivery of a new curriculum in wind energy engineering at the Pennsylvania State University; this includes enhancement of the Renewable Energy program at the Pennsylvania College of Technology. The new curricula at Penn State includes addition of wind energy-focused material in more than five existing courses in aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, engineering science and mechanics and energy engineering, as well as three new online graduate courses. The online graduate courses represent a stand-alone Graduate Certificate in Wind Energy, and provide the core of a Wind Energy Option in an online intercollege professional Masters degree in Renewable Energy and Sustainability Systems. The Pennsylvania College of Technology erected a 10 kilowatt Xzeres wind turbine that is dedicated to educating the renewable energy workforce. The entire construction process was incorporated into the Renewable Energy A.A.S. degree program, the Building Science and Sustainable Design B.S. program, and other construction-related coursework throughout the School of Construction and Design Technologies. Follow-on outcomes include additional non-credit opportunities as well as secondary school career readiness events, community outreach activities, and public awareness postings.

  6. USSR Report, International Economic Relations, No. 57.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    ECONOMIC RELATIONS No. 57 CONTENTS USSR WORLD TRADE Soviet Aid in Building Projects in CEMA , Less Developed Countries (I. Kapranov; EKONOMICHESKAYA...GAZETA, No 18, Apr 83) . 1 USSR- CEMA TRADE Coordinating CEMA Statistical Data (L. Antsiferovaj VESTNIK STATISTIKI, Jan 83) 9 USSR-EAST EUROPE...Meets (S. Nikolayevj EKONOMICHESKAYA GAZETA, No 11, Mar 83) UU b - USSR WORLD TRADE SOVIET AID IN BUILDING PROJECTS IN CEMA , LESS DEVELOPED

  7. Measurement Uncertainties in Science and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Grabe, Michael

    2005-01-01

    At the turn of the 19th century, Carl Friedrich Gauß founded error calculus by predicting the then unknown position of the planet Ceres. Ever since, error calculus has occupied a place at the heart of science. In this book, Grabe illustrates the breakdown of traditional error calculus in the face of modern measurement techniques. Revising Gauß’ error calculus ab initio, he treats random and unknown systematic errors on an equal footing from the outset. Furthermore, Grabe also proposes what may be called well defined measuring conditions, a prerequisite for defining confidence intervals that are consistent with basic statistical concepts. The resulting measurement uncertainties are as robust and reliable as required by modern-day science, engineering and technology.

  8. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Henley, Ernest J

    1975-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 8 discusses the development of nuclear power in several countries throughout the world. This book discusses the world's largest program of land-based electricity production in the United States.Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the phenomenon of quasi-exponential behavior by examining two mathematical models of the neutron field. This text then discusses the finite element method, which is a method for obtaining approximate solutions to integral or differential equations. Other chapters consider the status of

  9. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Greebler, Paul

    1966-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 3 provides an authoritative, complete, coherent, and critical review of the nuclear industry. This book presents the advances in the atomic energy field.Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the use of pulsed neutron sources for the determination of the thermalization and diffusion properties of moderating as well as multiplying media. This text then examines the effect of nuclear radiation on electronic circuitry and its components. Other chapters consider radiation effects in various inorganic solids, with empha

  10. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Henley, Ernest J

    1970-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 5 presents the underlying principles and theory, as well as the practical applications of the advances in the nuclear field. This book reviews the specialized applications to such fields as space propulsion.Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the design and objective of the Fast Flux Test Facility to provide fast flux irradiation testing facilities. This text then examines the problem in the design of nuclear reactors, which is the analysis of the spatial and temporal behavior of the neutron and temperature dist

  11. Advances in nuclear science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Henley, Ernest J

    1962-01-01

    Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology, Volume 1 provides an authoritative, complete, coherent, and critical review of the nuclear industry. This book covers a variety of topics, including nuclear power stations, graft polymerization, diffusion in uranium alloys, and conventional power plants.Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the three stages of the operation of a power plant, either nuclear or conventionally fueled. This text then examines the major problems that face the successful development of commercial nuclear power plants. Other chapters consider

  12. Technologies Advance UAVs for Science, Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    A Space Act Agreement with Goddard Space Flight Center and West Virginia University enabled Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation, of Manassas, Virginia, to develop cost-effective composite manufacturing capabilities and open a facility in West Virginia. The company now employs 160 workers at the plant, tasked with crafting airframe components for the Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) program. While one third of the company's workforce focuses on Global Hawk production, the rest of the company develops advanced UAV technologies that are redefining traditional approaches to unmanned aviation. Since the company's founding, Aurora s cutting-edge work has been supported with funding from NASA's Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs.

  13. Laser science and technology update - 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, H L; Powell, H T

    1999-09-23

    The Laser Science and Technology (LS and T) Program's mission is to provide advanced solid-state laser and optics technologies for the Laboratory, government, and industry. The primary activities of LS and T in 1998 have been threefold--to complete the laser technology development and laser component testing for the ICF/NIF Program, to develop advanced solid-state laser systems and optical components for the Department of Defense (DoD) and DOE, and to address the needs of other government agencies and U.S. industry. After a four-year campaign, the LS and T Program achieved timely completion of the laser development effort for the NIF in 1998. This effort includes the special laser and component development, integrated performance testing on Beamlet, and detailed design and cost optimization using computation codes. Upon completing the Title II design review, the focus of the LS and T support effort has been shifted toward NIF laser hardware acquisition and deployment. The LS and T team also continued to develop advanced high-power solid-state laser technology for both the U.S. government and industrial partners. Progress was also made in several new areas: (a) diode-pumped solid-state laser drivers for high-energy-density physics and inertial fusion energy; (b) high-average-power femtosecond and nanosecond lasers for materials processing; and (c) femtosecond lasers for the generation of advanced light sources.

  14. Monitoring science and technology for competitive advantage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ashton, W.B.; Johnson, A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Stacey, G. [Battelle, Geneva (Switzerland)

    1994-08-01

    In this age of rapid technological innovation, firms that do not stay abreast of the latest advancements in science and technology (S&T) stand a greater chance of missing opportunities than firms that maintain vigilance over the ever-changing technical environment. As a result, a resurgence of interest in technical intelligence for business is occurring in companies around the globe. Many firms now have formal technical intelligence programs to gather, analyze and use S&T information to watch their competitors, to track emerging trends in technological development and to anticipate significant technology-based changes in key markets. Careful management of technical information that affects a business can have a vital influence on corporate profitability and long term health. This paper describes the main features of technical intelligence operations in business, drawing on the experience of several companies that develop and use intelligence information. The steps of gathering, analyzing, evaluating and using information for business decisions are described and examples are given to illustrate how intelligence concepts are implemented in firms from several different industries. Practical issues such as understanding user needs, ethical data collection, effective analysis methods and using intelligence results are covered in the paper.

  15. Laser Science & Technology Program Annual Report - 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, H-L

    2001-03-20

    The Laser Science and Technology (LS&T) Program Annual Report 2001 provides documentation of the achievements of the LLNL LS&T Program during the April 2001 to March 2002 period using three formats: (1) an Overview that is a narrative summary of important results for the year; (2) brief summaries of research and development activity highlights within the four Program elements: Advanced Lasers and Components (AL&C), Laser Optics and Materials (LO&M), Short Pulse Laser Applications and Technologies (SPLAT), and High-Energy Laser System and Tests (HELST); and (3) a compilation of selected articles and technical reports published in reputable scientific or technology journals in this period. All three elements (Annual Overview, Activity Highlights, and Technical Reports) are also on the Web: http://laser.llnl.gov/lasers/pubs/icfq.html. The underlying mission for the LS&T Program is to develop advanced lasers, optics, and materials technologies and applications to solve problems and create new capabilities of importance to the Laboratory and the nation. This mission statement has been our guide for defining work appropriate for our Program. A major new focus of LS&T beginning this past year has been the development of high peak power short-pulse capability for the National Ignition Facility (NIF). LS&T is committed to this activity.

  16. Soviet satellite communications science and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birch, J.N.; Campanella, S.J.; Gordon, G.D.; McElroy, D.R.; Pritchard, W.L.; Stamminger, R.

    1991-08-01

    This is a report by six US scientists and engineers concerning the current state of the art and projections of future Soviet satellite communications technologies. The panel members are experts in satellite stabilization, spacecraft environments, space power generation, launch systems, spacecraft communications sciences and technologies, onboard processing, ground stations, and other technologies that impact communications. The panel assessed the Soviet ability to support high-data-rate space missions at 128 Mbps by evaluating current and projected Soviet satellite communications technologies. A variety of space missions were considered, including Earth-to-Earth communications via satellites in geostationary or highly elliptical orbits, those missions that require space-to-Earth communications via a direct path and those missions that require space-to-Earth communications via a relay satellite. Soviet satellite communications capability, in most cases, is 10 years behind that of the United States and other industrialized nations. However, based upon an analysis of communications links needed to support these missions using current Soviet capabilities, it is well within the current Soviet technology to support certain space missions outlined above at rates of 128 Mbps or higher, although published literature clearly shows that the Soviet Union has not exceeded 60 Mbps in its current space system. These analyses are necessary but not sufficient to determine mission data rates, and other technologies such as onboard processing and storage could limit the mission data rate well below that which could actually be supported via the communications links. Presently, the Soviet Union appears to be content with data rates in the low-Earth-orbit relay via geostationary mode of 12 Mbps. This limit is a direct result of power amplifier limits, spacecraft antenna size, and the utilization of K{sub u}-band frequencies. 91 refs., 16 figs., 15 tabs.

  17. Transitioning Unmanned Technologies for Earth Science Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardell, L. J.; Douglas, J.

    2008-12-01

    Development of small unmanned aerial systems (UAS) has progressed dramatically in recent years along with miniaturization of sensor technology. This confluence of development paths has resulted in greater capability in smaller, less expensive platforms allowing research to be performed where manned airborne platforms are impractical or dangerous. Recent applications include small UAS for studies involving hurricanes, volcanic activity, sea ice changes, glacier melt, biological monitoring of land and sea species, wildfire monitoring, and others. However, the majority of UAS employed in these investigations were originally developed for non-civilian applications and many of the required interfaces are locked behind proprietary specifications, requiring expensive customization by the manufacturer to transform a military UAS into one suitable for civilian work. A small UAS for scientific research should be standards-based, low-cost, user friendly, field serviceable, and be designed to accept a range of payloads. The AV8R UAS is one example of an unmanned system that has been developed for specific application to earth observation missions. This system is designed to be operated by the user with difficult environmental conditions and field logistics in mind. Numerous features and innovations that advance this technology as a research tool as well as its planned science missions will be presented. Most importantly, all interfaces to the system required for successful design and integration of various payloads will be openly available. The environment of open, standards based development allow the small technologies companies that serve as the backbone for much of the technology development to participate in the rapid development of industry capabilities. This is particularly true with UAS technologies. Programs within the USA such as the STTR foster collaborations with small businesses and university researchers. Other innovations related to autonomous unmanned systems

  18. What Research Says: Implementing the Science-Technology-Society Theme in Science Education: Perceptions of Science Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.; Bonnstetter, Ronald J.

    1987-01-01

    A survey of science teachers was conducted to ascertain their perceptions of global problems, policy issues, and recommendations for curriculum and instruction related to the science-technology-society theme. The focus is on information on implementing the science-technology-society theme in school science programs. (MNS)

  19. Science Student Teachers and Educational Technology: Experience, Intentions, and Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Efe, Rifat

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to examine science student teachers' experience with educational technology, their intentions for their own use, their intentions for their students' use, and their beliefs in the value of educational technology in science instruction. Four hundred-forty-eight science student teachers of different disciplines…

  20. Laser Science and Technology Program Update 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hackel, L A; Chen, H L

    2003-03-01

    The Laser Science and Technology (LS&T) Program's mission is to develop advanced lasers, optics, materials technologies, and applications to solve problems and create new capabilities of importance to the nation and the Laboratory. A top, near-term priority is to provide technical support in the deployment and upgrade of the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Our other program activities synergistically develop technologies that are of interest to the NIF Directorate but outside the scope of the NIF funding. The primary objectives of LS&T activities in 2002 have been fourfold--(a) to support deployment of hardware and to enhance laser and optics performance for NIF, (b) to develop high-energy petawatt laser science and technology for the Department of Energy (DOE), (c) to develop advanced solid-state laser systems and optical components for the Department of Defense (DoD), and to invent develop, and deliver improved concepts and hardware for other government agencies and industry. Special efforts have been devoted to building and maintaining our capabilities in three technology areas: high-power short-pulse solid-state lasers, high-power optical materials, and applications of advanced lasers. LS&T activities during 2002 focused on seven major areas: (1) NIF Project--LS&T led major advances in the deployment of NIF Final Optics Assembly (FOA) and the development of 3{omega} optics processing and treatment technologies to enhance NIF's operations and performance capabilities. (2) Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP)--LS&T personnel continued development of ultrashort-pulse lasers and high-power, large-aperture optics for applications in SSP, extreme-field science and national defense. To enhance the high-energy petawatt (HEPW) capability in NIF, LS&T continued development of advanced compressor-grating and front-end laser technologies utilizing optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). (3) High-energy-density physics and inertial fusion energy

  1. Laser Science and Technology Program Update 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hackel, L A; Chen, H L

    2003-03-01

    The Laser Science and Technology (LS&T) Program's mission is to develop advanced lasers, optics, materials technologies, and applications to solve problems and create new capabilities of importance to the nation and the Laboratory. A top, near-term priority is to provide technical support in the deployment and upgrade of the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Our other program activities synergistically develop technologies that are of interest to the NIF Directorate but outside the scope of the NIF funding. The primary objectives of LS&T activities in 2002 have been fourfold--(a) to support deployment of hardware and to enhance laser and optics performance for NIF, (b) to develop high-energy petawatt laser science and technology for the Department of Energy (DOE), (c) to develop advanced solid-state laser systems and optical components for the Department of Defense (DoD), and to invent develop, and deliver improved concepts and hardware for other government agencies and industry. Special efforts have been devoted to building and maintaining our capabilities in three technology areas: high-power short-pulse solid-state lasers, high-power optical materials, and applications of advanced lasers. LS&T activities during 2002 focused on seven major areas: (1) NIF Project--LS&T led major advances in the deployment of NIF Final Optics Assembly (FOA) and the development of 3{omega} optics processing and treatment technologies to enhance NIF's operations and performance capabilities. (2) Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP)--LS&T personnel continued development of ultrashort-pulse lasers and high-power, large-aperture optics for applications in SSP, extreme-field science and national defense. To enhance the high-energy petawatt (HEPW) capability in NIF, LS&T continued development of advanced compressor-grating and front-end laser technologies utilizing optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). (3) High-energy-density physics and inertial fusion energy

  2. Research on the Mode of Science and Technology Achievements Transformation in Chinese Universities - Shanghai University of Engineering Science

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Science and technology achievements transformation¡¯s work in China universities faces new development opportunities and challenges. Based on Shanghai University of Engineering Science as an example, this paper studies local university of science and technology achievements transformation mode. Discussed respectively by means of social organization, technology exchange, Shanghai municipal education commission science and technology development center, district science and technology commissio...

  3. Research on the Mode of Science and Technology Achievements Transformation in Chinese Universities - Shanghai University of Engineering Science

    OpenAIRE

    Na Deng; Miaojun Dong; Haosi Chen

    2014-01-01

    Science and technology achievements transformation¡¯s work in China universities faces new development opportunities and challenges. Based on Shanghai University of Engineering Science as an example, this paper studies local university of science and technology achievements transformation mode. Discussed respectively by means of social organization, technology exchange, Shanghai municipal education commission science and technology development center, district science and technology commissio...

  4. Laser Science and Technology Program Update 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, H L; Hackel, L A

    2002-01-01

    The Laser Science and Technology (LS&T) Program's mission is to develop advanced solid-state lasers, optics, materials technologies, and applications to solve problems and create new capabilities of importance to the Nation and the Laboratory. A top, near-term priority is to provide technical support to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to ensure activation success. LS&T provides the NIF Programs with core competencies and supports its economic viability. The primary objectives of LS&T activities in fiscal year (FY) 2001 have been threefold: (1) to support deployment of hardware and to enhance lasers and optics performance for NIF, (2) to develop advanced solid-state laser systems and optical components for the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Department of Defense (DoD), and (3) to invent, develop, and deliver improved concepts and hardware for other government agencies and U.S. industry. Special efforts have also been devoted to building and maintaining our capabilities in three technology areas: high-power solid-state lasers, high-power optical materials, and applications of advanced lasers.

  5. Technology Integration in a Science Classroom: Preservice Teachers' Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehmat, Abeera P.; Bailey, Janelle M.

    2014-12-01

    The challenge of preparing students for the information age has prompted administrators to increase technology in the public schools. Yet despite the increased availability of technology in schools, few teachers are integrating technology for instructional purposes. Preservice teachers must be equipped with adequate content knowledge of technology to create an advantageous learning experience in science classrooms. To understand preservice teachers' conceptions of technology integration, this research study explored 15 elementary science methods students' definitions of technology and their attitudes toward incorporating technology into their teaching. The phenomenological study took place in a science methods course that was based on a constructivist approach to teaching and learning science through science activities and class discussions, with an emphasis on a teacher beliefs framework. Data were collected throughout the semester, including an open-ended pre/post-technology integration survey, lesson plans, and reflections on activities conducted throughout the course. Through a qualitative analysis, we identified improvements in students' technology definitions, increased technology incorporation into science lesson plans, and favorable attitudes toward technology integration in science teaching after instruction. This research project demonstrates that positive changes in beliefs and behaviors relating to technology integration in science instruction among preservice teachers are possible through explicit instruction.

  6. USING OF NEWSPAPER IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COURSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esma BULUŞ KIRIKKAYA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Topics in science and technology course’s topics are related closely to daily life. Therefore, relating science and technology course to daily life makes lessons entertaining and makes students to develop positive attitudes towards science. Being the aims of science and technology course for establishing relationship with daily life and being the newspapers including data about this course’s aims, shows this course’s relevance with using newspaper. In this research, it was aimed to emphasizing the importance of using newspaper in science education in our country and discussing how newspapers can be used in science and technology course in depth, 2 lesson plans are presented for understanding how the newspapers can be used in science and technology course better.

  7. Resource Allocation of Agricultural Science and Technology R&D

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D(research and development)both at home and abroad,including the amount and function of agricultural science and technology research funds,human resources in the resources of agricultural science and technology R&D,the efficiency of resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D,the management system of agricultural scientific innovation and the operation status of scientific funds,is analyzed.The problems in the current resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D are put forward,including unreasonable resource allocation;low efficiency,and low efficiency of the transformation of agricultural scientific achievements.The highly effective resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D is analyzed from the aspects of resource allocation structure,environment,channel,spatial layout and industrial chain.

  8. Shock Waves Science and Technology Library

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    This book, as a volume of the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, is primarily concerned with the fundamental theory of detonation physics in gaseous and condensed phase reactive media. The detonation process involves complex chemical reaction and fluid dynamics, accompanied by intricate effects of heat, light, electricity and magnetism - a contemporary research field that has found wide applications in propulsion and power, hazard prevention as well as military engineering. The seven extensive chapters contained in this volume are: - Chemical Equilibrium Detonation (S. Bastea and LE Fried) - Steady One-Dimensional Detonations (A Higgins) - Detonation Instability (HD Ng and F Zhang) - Dynamic Parameters of Detonation (AA Vasiliev) - Multi-Scaled Cellular Detonation (D Desbordes and HN Presles) - Condensed Matter Detonation: Theory and Practice (C Tarver) - Theory of Detonation Shock Dynamics (JB Bdzil and DS Stewart) The chapters are thematically interrelated in a systematic descriptive appro...

  9. Shock wave science and technology reference library

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This book, as a volume of the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, is primarily concerned with detonation waves or compression shock waves in reactive heterogeneous media, including mixtures of solid, liquid and gas phases. The topics involve a variety of energy release and control processes in such media - a contemporary research field that has found wide applications in propulsion and power, hazard prevention as well as military engineering. The six extensive chapters contained in this volume are: - Spray Detonation (SB Murray and PA Thibault) - Detonation of Gas-Particle Flow (F Zhang) - Slurry Detonation (DL Frost and F Zhang) - Detonation of Metalized Composite Explosives (MF Gogulya and MA Brazhnikov) - Shock-Induced Solid-Solid Reactions and Detonations (YA Gordopolov, SS Batsanov, and VS Trofimov) - Shock Ignition of Particles (SM Frolov and AV Fedorov) Each chapter is self-contained and can be read independently of the others, though, they are thematically interrelated. They offer a t...

  10. Science and Technology Review June 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budil, K.

    2002-06-01

    This Science and Technology Review has the following stories: (1) Fighting Bioterrorism, Fighting Cancer; (2) A Two-Pronged Attack on Bioterrorism--synthetic two-legged molecules will be excellent detectors of biowarfare agents and cancer cells; (3) Adaptive Optics Sharpen the View from Earth--astronomers are obtaining images with unprecedented resolution, thanks to telescopes equipped with adaptive optics developed at Livermore; (4) Experiments Re-create X Rays from Comets--Experiments using the Laboratory's electron beam ion trap and an x-ray spectrometer designed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration are shedding light on how comets emit x rays as they pass the Sun; (5) Chemistry--50 Years of exploring the Material World--from isotopic analysis to atomic-level simulations of material behavior, Livermore's chemists and materials scientists apply their expertise to fulfill the Laboratory's mission.

  11. Shock wave science and technology reference library

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This book is the second of several volumes on solids in the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library. These volumes are primarily concerned with high-pressure shock waves in solid media, including detonation and high-velocity impact and penetration events. Of the four extensive chapters in this volume, the first two describe the reactive behavior of condensed phase explosives, - Condensed-Phase Explosives: Shock Initiation and Detonation Phenomena (SA Sheffield and R Engelke) - First Principles Molecular Simulations of Energetic Materials at High-Pressures (F Zhang, S Alavi, and TK Woo), and the remaining two discuss the inert, mechanical response of solid materials. - Combined Compression and Shear Plane Waves (ZP Tang and JB Aidun), and - Dynamic Fragmentation of Solids (D Grady). All chapters are each self-contained, and can be read independently of each other. They offer a timely reference, for beginners as well as professional scientists and engineers, on the foundations of detonation phenomen...

  12. 2016 Science Mission Directorate Technology Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seablom, Michael S.

    2017-01-01

    The role of the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) is to enable NASA to achieve its science goals in the context of the nation's science agenda. SMD's strategic decisions regarding future missions and scientific pursuits are guided by agency goals, input from the science community including the recommendations set forth in the National Research Council (NRC) decadal surveys and a commitment to preserve a balanced program across the major science disciplines. Toward this end, each of the four SMD science divisions -- Heliophysics, Earth Science, Planetary Science, and Astrophysics -- develops fundamental science questions upon which to base future research and mission programs.

  13. The State Prize for 1991 Science and Technology Advance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LINantion; FENGYilun

    1992-01-01

    According to the report in Science and Technology Daily on 10 July 1991, prize winners for the State Prize for 1991 Science and Technology Advance in China have been selected by the Evaluation Committee of the State Prize for 1991 Science and Technology Advance. Among the prizes, eight programs were concerned with rice research: Pathogenetic Types of Rice Bacterial Leaf Blight in China and the Application in Disease-resistant Breeding, by FANG Zhongda,

  14. Nano and Biological Technology Panel: Quantum Information Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-03

    Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications The University of New South Wales Nano and Biological Technology Panel: Quantum Information Science 26th US Army...Technology Panel: Quantum Information Science 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...Business School Summary – Quantum Information Science • Quantum information technologies now a reality • First impacts will be secure communications

  15. Third annual women in science and technology conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-12-31

    This report presents discussions presented at the conference for women in science and technology. Topics include balancing careers with the family, choices concerning graduate schools, and sexual harassment.

  16. Third annual women in science and technology conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-01-01

    This report presents discussions presented at the conference for women in science and technology. Topics include balancing careers with the family, choices concerning graduate schools, and sexual harassment.

  17. Science and technology analyst's assistant, revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cromaty, A. S.; Adams, T. L.; Cunningham, J. F.; Tollander, C. J.

    1986-01-01

    We describe a research prototype software system named ASTA (Assistant for Science and Technology Analysis) that employs artificial intelligence technology to interpret radar signals and infer the probable nature of the radar system that produces them. Such analyses are of interest, for example, to engineers who wish to reverse-engineer an electronic system. Architecturally, ASTA is a multiple-process consulting expert system operating in a personal workstation environment. It comprises two principal components: an expert system that reasons using knowledge of electronic system design, radar physics, and signal analysis techniques, and a multiform-based user interface that maintains a separate database describing the complete state of interaction with the user, including a simplified user preference model, an interactive help subsystem, and a database of prior (completed or partial) analyses. These two processes are loosely coupled; that is, they operate in strictly separated namespaces, and they communicate using a mixture of synchronous (remote procedure call) and asynchronous (true) message passing. Message-based synchronization techniques are employed to assist in maintaining consistency between the two processes.

  18. The use of science and technology to enable localisation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bhugwandin, A

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available sector to enhance its technological capability to improve the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector.Through various instruments, the unit implements science and technology interventions throughout South Africa to support the manufacturing sector. A...

  19. Science teachers' perceptions of the effectiveness of technology in the laboratories: Implications for science education leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaseen, Niveen K.

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify science teachers' perceptions concerning the use of technology in science laboratories and identify teachers' concerns and recommendations for improving students' learning. Survey methodology with electronic delivery was used to gather data from 164 science teachers representing Texas public schools. The data confirmed that weaknesses identified in the 1990s still exist. Lack of equipment, classroom space, and technology access, as well as large numbers of students, were reported as major barriers to the implementation of technology in science laboratories. Significant differences were found based on gender, grade level, certification type, years of experience, and technology proficiency. Females, elementary teachers, traditionally trained teachers, and less experienced teachers revealed a more positive attitude toward the use of technology in science laboratories. Participants in this study preferred using science software simulations to support rather than replace traditional science laboratories. Teachers in this study recommended professional development programs that focused on strategies for a technology integrated classroom.

  20. New practices in science communication: Roles of professionals in science and technology development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wehrmann, Caroline; Dijkstra, Anne M.

    2014-01-01

    Currently, Science Communication (SC) professionals who are working in the context of science and technology development, have various jobs at universities, government agencies, NGOs and industry. Their positions have changed in recent years, due to developments in science and technology and to soci

  1. Spanish Secondary-School Science Teachers' Beliefs about Science-Technology-Society (STS) Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazquez-Alonso, Angel; Garcia-Carmona, Antonio; Manassero-Mas, Maria Antonia; Bennassar-Roig, Antoni

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes the beliefs about science-technology-society, and other Nature of Science (NOS) themes, of a large sample (613) of Spanish pre- and in-service secondary education teachers through their responses to 30 items of the Questionnaire of Opinions on Science, Technology and Society. The data were processed by means of a multiple…

  2. An Investigation of Science and Technology Teachers' Views on the 5th Grade Science Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasdemir, Ikramettin

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to explore the science and technology teachers' views on the implementation of 5th grade science course. Open-ended questions were used as a data collection tool. The study sample consisted of 28 science and technology teachers working in Erzurum in 2012-2013 education year. The data gathered were analysed via content…

  3. 77 FR 56662 - Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee (HSSTAC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Secretary for Science and Technology, such as new developments in systems engineering, cyber-security... SECURITY Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee (HSSTAC) AGENCY: Science and.... SUMMARY: The Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee (HSSTAC) will meet on...

  4. Science and technology disclosure in the state of Queretaro: Science and Technology for Children program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contreras Flores, Rubén; Villeda Muñoz, Gabriel

    2007-03-01

    Science and technology disclosure is an integral part of our scientific work as researches; it is an induction process for children, young people and teachers of primary and secondary schools in the state of Queretaro. Education must be offered in a clear and objective way, it allows to the students apply the acquired knowledge to understand the world and improve his quality of life. Nowadays, the Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnologia Avanzada of the Instituto Politecnico Nacional Unidad Queretaro (CICATA-IPN Queretaro) together with the Consejo de Ciencia y Tecnologia del Estado de Queretaro (CONCYTEQ) have implemented the "Science and Technology for Children" program (Ciencia y Tecnologia para Ninos - CTN), it allows to the educative sector obtain information through the CONCYTEQ web page. The fist stage of the program was the development of two subjects: the brochure titled "Petroleum, Nonrenewable Natural Resource that Moves the World" and the manual "Experiments of Physics". At the moment we are working with the second stage of the program, it is about the energy generation using renewable sources such as: geothermal, aeolian, solar and biomass. The CTN program allows to students and teachers to create conscience about the importance of the development of the science of technology in our country.

  5. Measurement Science and Technology at 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birch, David J. S.

    2013-01-01

    Dear authors, reviewers and readers of Measurement Science and Technology, As a New Year dawns I would like to thank all those who have published papers with us in 2012, and offer a special thanks go to those of you who have given up much of your precious time and kindly reviewed articles for the journal. I would also like to take this opportunity to update you all on some of the developments on the journal as we look ahead to a 2013 that will be a very special year for MST. Something that many readers may not be aware of is that Measurement Science and Technology was the world's first scientific instrument journal, and in 2013 we will be celebrating 90 years since the journal was first published. In 1923 the Institute of Physics launched the Journal of Scientific Instruments in order to capture the essential information regarding the design and performance of instruments, which was then often unobtainable from books or articles focused on results. The journal has moved with the times over the 90 years since its first publication, changing its name and scope to ensure it reflects the community it serves, but the dissemination of useful measurement knowledge has always been its core purpose. In 2013 we will be celebrating the sustained success of the journal with a series of articles and events throughout the year. These include a one-day 'Frontiers of Measurement' meeting to be held at the Institute of Physics, London, on 21 March. We do hope you can join us and leading speakers for this exciting event. We also think you will enjoy reading the articles in this special reviews issue which will showcase some of the best research in the journal's scope as well as look back over the past 90 years with a historical perspective by Richard Dewhurst and a historical review of the measurement of dielectric properties of materials by Udo Kaatze. Regular readers will already be familiar with our special issue programme, collecting original research papers in areas of interest

  6. Science, technology and engineering at LANL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercer-smith, Janet A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wallace, Terry C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-06

    The Laboratory provides science solution to the mission areas of nuclear deterrence, global security, and energy security. The capabilities support the Laboratory's vision as the premier national security science laboratory. The strength of LANL's science is at the core of the Laboratory. The Laboratory addresses important science questions for stockpile stewardship, emerging threats, and energy. The underpinning science vitality to support mission areas is supported through the Post Doc program, the fundamental science program in LDRD, collaborations fostered through the Institutes, and the LANL user facilities. LANL fosters the strategy of Science that Matters through investments, people, and facilities.

  7. Science and Technology Review May 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eimerl, D

    1999-05-01

    The following two abstracts are for the 2 feature stories in this issue of ''Science and Technology Review''. (1) ''Leveraging Science and Technology in the National Interest''--A sampling of current projects at Lawrence Livermore demonstrates the many ways in which the Laboratory's science and technology support Department of Defense missions. These projects range from engineering and fabricating munitions and explosives to developing the advanced computer codes that optimize warhead design or assess their hazards. The Penetration Augmented Munition is a portable, multistage weapon that not only provides offensive capability for diminishing adversaries' mobility and capability but also gives US soldiers an additional margin of security in a hostile encounter. Livermore's fiber-composite sabot makes weapons more lethal and is particularly effective in tank warfare. The GLO (global local optimizer) code optimizes the design of shaped-charge warheads, while the CHEETAH thermochemical code improves explosives formulation. CALE, a multiuse mechanical code, is used to help the Air Force assess missile launch site safety and in particular to predict hazards from propellant that falls to the ground when rockets misfire. ALE3D, now being upgraded, will increase the capability of codes to assess safety hazards. (2) ''Extracting Valuable Information from Acoustic Waves''--Lawrence Livermore researchers are developing advanced techniques for interpreting acoustic signals, focusing on complex algorithms that at times mimic the reasoning processes of the human brain. Three current acoustic signal-processing projects, involving heart valve classification, oil exploration, and large-structure analysis, demonstrate the wide range of acoustic signal usefulness. To determine whether an artificial heart valve is intact or needs replacing, a suite of Livermore algorithms sift through heart and body sounds to

  8. Science Education and the Science-Technology-Society (S-T-S) Theme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    1987-01-01

    Aims to clarify the relationship between science education and the science-technology-society (STS) theme and to develop a justification for the inclusion of the STS theme. Examines the current debate over definitions in science education, and provides an historical perspective of science education's purpose as a social institution. (TW)

  9. Science-Technology-Society (STS): A New Paradigm in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Nasser

    2009-01-01

    Changes in the past two decades of goals for science education in schools have induced new orientations in science education worldwide. One of the emerging complementary approaches was the science-technology-society (STS) movement. STS has been called the current megatrend in science education. Others have called it a paradigm shift for the field…

  10. JPRS Report, Science & Technology USSR: Space Biology & Aerospace Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 1, January-February 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    left; full range of limb motion; tendon and periosteal reflexes active for upper and lower extremities D=S; no pathological sings; sensibility...when looking to the right; no paresis; tendon and periosteal reflexes D=S, active; no pathological pyramidal signs; satisfactory performance of...correlation between changes in the mineral content of leg bones and ultrasound propagation along certain compartments of the tibial median surface

  11. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Space Biology & Aerospace Medicine, Vol. 21, No. 3, May-June 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    in the opinion of a number of scientists [1, 4], ethical elements of personality are conceived at the early stages in life and remain virtually...manuscript received 28 Jul 86) pp 63-66 [Article by L. V. Serova] [English abstract from source] The place of embryological in- vestigations in...in preparing and conducting the first embryological experiment with mammals during a spaceflight aboard Cosmos-1514 biosatellite. For this

  12. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Space Biology & Aerospace Medicine, Vol. 21, No. 6, November-December 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-11

    Subjectively, there was better tolerance to accelerations after fluid intake; the subjects showed no appearance of unpleasant or pain - ful...blue, tuolxdxne blue and by the Schmorl method. An MOV-15 ocular micrometer was used to measure thickness of the epiphyseal cartilaginous growth plate

  13. Science and Technology of Future Light Sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dierker,S.; Bergmann, U.; Corlett, J.; Dierker, S.; Falcone, R.; Galayda, J.; Gibson, M.; Hastings, J.; Hettel, B.; Hill, J.; Hussain, Z.; Kao, C.-C.; Kirx, J.; Long, G.; McCurdy, B.; Raubenheimer, T.; Sannibale, F.; Seeman, J.; Shen, Z.-X.; Shenoy, g.; Schoenlein, B.; Shen, Q.; Stephenson, B.; Stohr, J.; Zholents, A.

    2008-12-01

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving health, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects. The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee [1]. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons. and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1, and serve the entire range of science from advanced materials to life sciences. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. X-rays with energies above 10 keV offer capabilities extending beyond the nanoworld shown in Figure 1.1 due to their ability to penetrate into optically opaque or thick objects. This opens the door to combining atomic level information from scattering studies with 3D information on longer length scales from real space imaging with a resolution approaching 1 nm. The investigation of multiple length scales is important in hierarchical structures, providing knowledge about function of living organisms, the atomistic origin of materials failure, the optimization of industrial synthesis, or the working of devices. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter together is of

  14. Science and Technology of Future Light Sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergmann, Uwe; Corlett, John; Dierker, Steve; Falcone, Roger; Galayda, John; Gibson, Murray; Hastings, Jerry; Hettel, Bob; Hill, John; Hussain, Zahid; Kao, Chi-Chang; Kirz, Janos; Long, Danielle; McCurdy, Bill; Raubenheimer, Tor; Sannibale, Fernando; Seeman, John; Shen, Z. -X.; Schenoy, Gopal; Schoenlein, Bob; Shen, Qun; Stephenson, Brian; Stohr, Joachim; Zholents, Alexander

    2009-01-28

    Many of the important challenges facing humanity, including developing alternative sources of energy and improving health, are being addressed by advances that demand the improved understanding and control of matter. While the visualization, exploration, and manipulation of macroscopic matter have long been technological goals, scientific developments in the twentieth century have focused attention on understanding matter on the atomic scale through the underlying framework of quantum mechanics. Of special interest is matter that consists of natural or artificial nanoscale building blocks defined either by atomic structural arrangements or by electron or spin formations created by collective correlation effects The essence of the challenge to the scientific community has been expressed in five grand challenges for directing matter and energy recently formulated by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee. These challenges focus on increasing our understanding of, and ultimately control of, matter at the level of atoms, electrons. and spins, as illustrated in Figure 1.1, and serve the entire range of science from advanced materials to life sciences. Meeting these challenges will require new tools that extend our reach into regions of higher spatial, temporal, and energy resolution. X-rays with energies above 10 keV offer capabilities extending beyond the nanoworld shown in Figure 1.1 due to their ability to penetrate into optically opaque or thick objects. This opens the door to combining atomic level information from scattering studies with 3D information on longer length scales from real space imaging with a resolution approaching 1 nm. The investigation of multiple length scales is important in hierarchical structures, providing knowledge about function of living organisms, the atomistic origin of materials failure, the optimization of industrial synthesis, or the working of devices. Since the fundamental interaction that holds matter together is of

  15. EU-Korea Conference on Science and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Jehyun

    2011-01-01

    Current research fields in science and technology were presented and discussed at the EKC2009, informing about the interests and directions of the scientists and engineers in EU countries and Korea. The Conference has emerged from the idea of bringing together EU and Korea to get to know each other better, especially in fields of science and technology.

  16. Science and Technology Policy in Colombia: A Comparative Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Correa-Restrepo, Juan Santiago; Tejada-Gomez, Maria Alejandra; Cayon-Fallon, Edgardo; Ordonez Matamoros, Hector Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to assess the current situation of the science and technology system in Colombia from a comparative perspective of quality indicators in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). We analyze the development of the science and technology policy in Colombia form a

  17. On the Teaching of Science, Technology and International Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Charles

    2012-01-01

    Despite the ubiquity and critical importance of science and technology in international affairs, their role receives insufficient attention in traditional international relations curricula. There is little literature on how the relations between science, technology, economics, politics, law and culture should be taught in an international context.…

  18. On the Representation of Science and Technology in Black Mirror

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄中女

    2013-01-01

    Science and technology has always been the theme of television series. Different from many representations in conven-tional television series, Black Mirror, a British television mini series, satirizes the relationship between people and science and tech-nology. Meanwhile, it represents a paradoxical emotional appeal based on the relationship.

  19. Food Science and Technology. Teacher's Instructional Guide [and] Reference Book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Curriculum Center for Family and Consumer Sciences.

    This reference book and teacher's instructional guide are intended for use in one- and two-year food science and technology programs for Texas high school students. The reference book provides information needed by employees in the food science and technology occupational area. Each chapter includes the following components: (1) a list of the…

  20. Science and Technology Policy in Colombia: A Comparative Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Correa-Restrepo, Juan Santiago; Tejada-Gomez, Maria Alejandra; Cayon-Fallon, Edgardo; Ordonez-Matamoros, Hector Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to assess the current situation of the science and technology system in Colombia from a comparative perspective of quality indicators in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). We analyze the development of the science and technology policy in Colombia form a histo

  1. Changing Technologies Offer New Opportunities in the Plant Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa M. Culley

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The plant sciences are now facing an unprecedented time in our history in which technology is advancing at a rapid pace, creating a wide variety of novel opportunities for our field. Applications in Plant Sciences is a new source for sharing exciting and innovative applications of new technologies that have the potential to propel plant research forward into the future.

  2. Science, Technology and the Quest for Sustainable Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jamison, Andrew

    2002-01-01

    The quest for sustainable development is seen in this article as an intrinsic part of the reconstitution of environmentally-oriented science and technology policy.......The quest for sustainable development is seen in this article as an intrinsic part of the reconstitution of environmentally-oriented science and technology policy....

  3. Factors Contributing to Adult Knowledge of Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, John H.; Needham, Mark D.

    2013-01-01

    Historically, most efforts to improve public knowledge of science and technology have focused on improvements in K-12 schooling, although post-secondary education and informal education have also been mentioned as important factors. Currently, little empirical data exist to determine how or when to best leverage science and technology education…

  4. Public Understanding of and Attitudes towards Science & Technology in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Daguang

    2005-01-01

    @@ China Association for Science and Technology (CAST) began the research and survey of the Chinese Public Understanding of Science and Technology at the beginning of the 1990s with the help of Prof. Jon D. Miller, then Director of US National Public Opinion Research Center and Longitudinal Studies of the Youth at the Illinois University.

  5. ION BEAM TECHNOLOGY IN MATERIALS SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.B. Dutt

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Ion beam processing of materials in general and semiconductors in particular, started with ion implantation in semiconductors; first used by Ohl at Bell Labs in 1952 toimprove the electrical characteristics of silicon point contact diodes by implanting H, He, N and Ar ions.The improvement was obvious but it was caused by surface damage and notthe ion implantation. However, in the process, ion implantation had an entry and slowly it became popular among the scientists and the technocrats. Thus, over the last six decades, demands continued for new and improved materials and devices that has pushed ion implanter to expand to ion beam technology. In the semiconductor industry alone, the processes have evolved so much so that in today’s world, there are morethan 4000 ion implanters in the IC fab lines apart from otherion beam-assisted processing machines. Ion beam deposition techniques, ion beam lithography, ion beam etching, ion beammilling are all ion beam beam-assisted techniques that arebeing extensively used in semiconductor industries. In this backdrop, it was thought that a compilation of uses of allthese techniques together with relevant tools of analysis toserve as a guide to the semiconductor scientists and technologists for a glimpse of the ongoing efforts being madein this direction. Fortunately enough, Indian research is not lagging in use of all these modern day technologies that will be evident as the reader will go from one article to the other of this special volume.Defence Science Journal, 2009, 59(4, pp.328-328, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.59.1530

  6. Using technology in assessing integrated science and mathematics learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berlin, Donna F.; White, Arthur L.

    1995-03-01

    Drawing from current models, research, and science and mathematics education reform documents, this article first defines and/or delimits three broad domains of education: integrated school science and mathematics, assessment, and technology. Based upon this three-tiered discussion, a list of characteristics is then distilled to guide in the development of assessment for integrated school science and mathematics using technology. Two integrated school science and mathematics activities are provided to illustrate the alignment of instruction and assessment and the systematic integration of technology into both.

  7. Technology Integration in Science Classrooms: Framework, Principles, and Examples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Minchi C.; Freemyer, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    A great number of technologies and tools have been developed to support science learning and teaching. However, science teachers and researchers point out numerous challenges to implementing such tools in science classrooms. For instance, guidelines, lesson plans, Web links, and tools teachers can easily find through Web-based search engines often…

  8. A Financial Technology Entrepreneurship Program for Computer Science Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawler, James P.; Joseph, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    Education in entrepreneurship is becoming a critical area of curricula for computer science students. Few schools of computer science have a concentration in entrepreneurship in the computing curricula. The paper presents Technology Entrepreneurship in the curricula at a leading school of computer science and information systems, in which students…

  9. Improving University Students' Science-Technology-Society-Environment Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalaki, Yalçin

    2016-01-01

    Science, Technology, Society, Environment (STSE) is an education movement that started and developed from 70s through early 2000s. Although this movement had lost emphasis in recent years, it is one of the most important educational reform attempts in science education history. Today, concepts like Socio Scientific Issues (SSI) or Science,…

  10. Terascale Computing in Accelerator Science and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Kwok

    2002-08-21

    We have entered the age of ''terascale'' scientific computing. Processors and system architecture both continue to evolve; hundred-teraFLOP computers are expected in the next few years, and petaFLOP computers toward the end of this decade are conceivable. This ever-increasing power to solve previously intractable numerical problems benefits almost every field of science and engineering and is revolutionizing some of them, notably including accelerator physics and technology. At existing accelerators, it will help us optimize performance, expand operational parameter envelopes, and increase reliability. Design decisions for next-generation machines will be informed by unprecedented comprehensive and accurate modeling, as well as computer-aided engineering; all this will increase the likelihood that even their most advanced subsystems can be commissioned on time, within budget, and up to specifications. Advanced computing is also vital to developing new means of acceleration and exploring the behavior of beams under extreme conditions. With continued progress it will someday become reasonable to speak of a complete numerical model of all phenomena important to a particular accelerator.

  11. Global power knowledge science and technology in international affairs

    CERN Document Server

    Barth, Kai-Henrik

    2006-01-01

    Osiris annualy examines a particular topic in the history of science, bringing together experts in the field to consider multiple aspects of the time period, episode, or theme. Volume 21, Historical Perspectives on Science, Technology, and International Affairs, explores the ways in which scientists and issues in science and technology have played significant roles in foreign policy and international relations, especially since the Second World War.

  12. International Conference on Emerging Trends in Science, Engineering and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Caroline, B; Jayanthi, J

    2012-01-01

    The present book is based on the research papers presented in the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Science, Engineering and Technology 2012, held at Tiruchirapalli, India. The papers presented bridges the gap between science, engineering and technology. This book covers a variety of topics, including mechanical, production, aeronautical, material science, energy, civil and environmental energy, scientific management, etc. The prime objective of the book is to fully integrate the scientific contributions from academicians, industrialists and research scholars.

  13. USSR Report: International Economic Relations. No. 57

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Building Projects in CEMA , Less Developed Countries (I. Kapranovj EKONOMIGHESKAYA GAZETA, No 18, Apr 83) 1 USSR- CEMA TRADE Coordinating CEMA ...USSR WORLD TRADE SOVIET AID IN BUILDING PROJECTS IN CEMA , LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES Moscow EKONOMICHESKAYA GAZETA in Russian No 18, Apr 83 pp 20...assistance has been carried out in the CEMA countries. In Bulgaria in 1982 six power engineering objects which were created with USSR assistance

  14. USSR Report, Consumer Goods and Domestic Trade, No. 65

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    equipment and technology for processing milk and milk whey , the creation of continuous cheese production processes, and a curtailment of manual labor...dairy industry have been given assignments to increase in 1990 the production of dairy raw sugar to 35,000 tons, refined—to 10,000 tons, dry milk whey ...1983 USSR REPORT CONSUMER GOODS AND DOMESTIC TRADE No. 65 CONTENTS CONSUMER GOODS PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION Milk and Meat Minister on Cheese

  15. The Historical Development of Vaccine Technology: Exploring the Relationship between Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yeung Chung; Kwok, Ping Wai

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the feasibility of using historical case studies to contextualise the learning of the nature of science and technology in a biology lesson. Through exploring the historical development of vaccine technology, students were expected to understand the complexity of the relationships between technology and science beyond the…

  16. Some Implications of the Philosophy of Technology for Science, Technology and Society (STS) Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankiewicz, Piet; De Swardt, Estelle; De Vries, Marc

    2006-01-01

    Technology is frequently considered in terms of its impact on entities outside its essential nature: as the impact of technology on the environment and society, but also the impact of human values and needs on technology. By taking particular social implications of technology into account, the Science-Technology relationship can be extended to the…

  17. Educational Technology Classics: The Science Teacher and Educational Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbeck, Richard M.

    2015-01-01

    The science teacher is the key person who has the commitment and the responsibility for carrying out any brand of science education. All of the investments, predictions, and expressions of concern will have little effect on the accomplishment of the broad goals of science education if these are not reflected in the situations in which learning…

  18. The Development of Space Science and Technology in China,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-22

    TESI ’.V-i . (0 00 FTD-ID (RS) T-0282-86 ~/ 4: FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA by Yung-An Liu...TRANSLATION FTD-ID(RS)T-0282-86 22 May 1986 MICROFICHE NR: FTD-86-C-001864 THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA By: Yung-An Liu English

  19. US-USSR telemedicine consultation spacebridge to Armenia and Ufa

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    The Final Report on the U.S.-U.S.S.R. Telemedicine Consultation Spacebride to Armenia and Ufa is presented. The goal of this activity was to provide expert medical consultation to the Armenian medical personnel in the areas of plastic and reconstructive surgery, physical and psychological rehabilitation, public health, and epidemiology following the devastating earthquake in Dec. 1988. The U.S. and U.S.S.R. implementation teams developed new standards for medical information transmittal as well as protocols and schedules on how to conduct medical consultations. The consultations were provided to the Republic Diagnostic Center in Yerevan, U.S.S.R. by four U.S. medical centers: University of Utah/LDS Hospital, University of Texas, Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Service Systems, and Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences.

  20. Science and Technology Review, April 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eimerl, D

    1999-04-01

    The following two abstracts are for the 2 feature stories in this issue of ''Science and Technology Review''. (1) ''Structural Biology Looks at the Ties That Bind''--Over the last five years, Lawrence Livermore has established a program in structural biology to further its work on DNA damage and repair processes. This new program supports a number of other newer projects as well, including the development of antidotes, detection systems, and countermeasures for minimizing the threat of exposure to biological warfare agents. Laboratories have been established for x-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the only methods for obtaining high-resolution, three-dimensional data about individual molecules. This experimental structural biology work is supplemented by computational efforts in molecular modeling and protein prediction. (2) ''Duplicating the Plasmas of Distant Stars''--Livermore researchers are creating in the laboratory the same kinds of extremely hot plasmas found in distant stars. The experimental program, conducted at Sandia National Laboratories' pulsed-power facilities, focuses on cepheids (big pulsating stars), supernovae (the brightest objects in the universe), and stars that generate x rays through a process called accretion. A key aspect of the experiments is testing advanced Livermore atomic models--OPAL for the cepheid and supernova experiments and LXSS for the x-ray tests. The data from these experiments will help scientists better understand the birth and evolution of stars, galaxies, and the universe itself. The new experimental techniques, strengthened codes, and diagnostics developed for the tests are also helping the Department of Energy's Stockpile Stewardship Program keep the nation's aging nuclear weapons safe, secure, and reliable in the absence of nuclear testing.