WorldWideScience

Sample records for technology saves money

  1. How to Save Money on Infant Formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000805.htm How to Save Money on Infant Formula To use the sharing features ... several months. Here are some ways you can save money on infant formula . Money-Saving Ideas Here are ...

  2. Saving Money Through Energy Conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presley, Michael H.; And Others

    This publication is an introduction to personal energy conservation. The first chapter presents a rationale for conserving energy and points out that private citizens control about one third of this country's energy consumption. Chapters two and three show how to save money by saving energy. Chapter two discusses energy conservation methods in the…

  3. How to save money on medicines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000863.htm How to save money on medicines To use the sharing features on ... can look out for you, recommend ways to save money, and make sure all the drugs you take ...

  4. Columbus Saves: Saving Money in Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shockey, Susan

    2004-01-01

    The "Columbus Saves" educational program is a broad-based community coalition made up of more than 40 local organizations from the education, nonprofit, government, faith-based, and private sectors. Common goals of partners in reaching Columbus, Ohio's 1.5 million residents are to: (a) promote increased savings through education and…

  5. Saving Money and Time with Virtual Server

    CERN Document Server

    Sanders, Chris

    2006-01-01

    Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 consistently proves to be worth its weight in gold, with new implementations thought up every day. With this product now a free download from Microsoft, scores of new users are able to experience what the power of virtualization can do for their networks. This guide is aimed at network administrators who are interested in ways that Virtual Server 2005 can be implemented in their organizations in order to save money and increase network productivity. It contains information on setting up a virtual network, virtual consolidation, virtual security, virtual honeypo

  6. Industrial waste exchange: a mechanism for saving energy and money

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaines, L.L.

    1983-01-01

    Although considerable savings of both energy and money are possible through waste exchange, several major impediments limit the number of actual exchanges that take place. These impediments include the lack of economical separation technology, the small quantities of material available at each site, restrictive or uncertain regulation, and lack of knowledge on the part of potential waste users. None of these barriers is insurmountable if appropriate action is taken.

  7. Energy Savers: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-05-01

    Provides consumers with home energy and money savings tips such as insulation, weatherization, heating, cooling, water heating, energy efficient windows, landscaping, lighting, and energy efficient appliances.

  8. Energy Savers: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2011-12-01

    Provides consumers with home energy and money savings tips such as insulation, weatherization, heating, cooling, water heating, energy efficient windows, landscaping, lighting, and energy efficient appliances.

  9. Money in the Bank: Feeling Powerful Increases Saving

    OpenAIRE

    Emily N. Garbinsky; Anne-Kathrin Klesse; Jennifer Aaker

    2014-01-01

    Across five studies, this research reveals that feeling powerful increases saving. This effect is driven by the desire to maintain one's current state. When the purpose of saving is no longer to accumulate money but to spend it on a status-related product, the basic effect is reversed, and those who feel powerless save more. Further, if money can no longer aid in maintaining one's current state because power is already secure or because power is maintained by accumulating an alternative resou...

  10. Can health promotion programs save Medicare money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetzel, Ron Z; Shechter, David; Ozminkowski, Ronald J; Stapleton, David C; Lapin, Pauline J; McGinnis, J Michael; Gordon, Catherine R; Breslow, Lester

    2007-01-01

    The impact of an aging population on escalating US healthcare costs is influenced largely by the prevalence of chronic disease in this population. Consequently, preventing or postponing disease onset among the elderly has become a crucial public health issue. Fortunately, much of the total burden of disease is attributable to conditions that are preventable. In this paper, we address whether well-designed health promotion programs can prevent illness, reduce disability, and improve the quality of life. Furthermore, we assess evidence that these programs have the potential to reduce healthcare utilization and related expenditures for the Medicare program. We hypothesize that seniors who reduce their modifiable health risks can forestall disability, reduce healthcare utilization, and save Medicare money. We end with a discussion of a new Senior Risk Reduction Demonstration, which will be initiated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in 2007, to test whether risk reduction programs developed in the private sector can achieve health improvements among seniors and a positive return on investment for the Medicare program. PMID:18044084

  11. Saving in cycles: how to get people to save more money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Leona; Dholakia, Utpal

    2014-02-01

    Low personal savings rates are an important social issue in the United States. We propose and test one particular method to get people to save more money that is based on the cyclical time orientation. In contrast to conventional, popular methods that encourage individuals to ignore past mistakes, focus on the future, and set goals to save money, our proposed method frames the savings task in cyclical terms, emphasizing the present. Across the studies, individuals who used our proposed cyclical savings method, compared with individuals who used a linear savings method, provided an average of 74% higher savings estimates and saved an average of 78% more money. We also found that the cyclical savings method was more efficacious because it increased implementation planning and lowered future optimism regarding saving money.

  12. Dyebath reuse saves money and reduces pollution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergenthal, J.; Eapen, J.; Tawa, A.; Tincher, W.

    1984-10-01

    The article discusses an evaluation of the potential for wastewater recycle or reuse in textile finishing mills. Over a dozen recycle technologies were evaluated in six separate mills. Results of these preliminary studies showed that most of the recycle technologies were technically feasible, but only a few were cost effective: synthetic size recovery and reuse, caustic recovery and reuse, direct wastewater reuse (e.g., countercurrent washing), and direct dyebath reuse. The last-mentioned was singled out for further study because it was seen as having several advantages: low capital cost for implementation, substantial processing cost savings, significant environmental benefits, and the potential for widespread use in the industry. It is estimated that about half of all textile dyeing is performed by batch operations, including most knit fabric, hosiery, and yarn, along with substantial amounts of carpet and some woven fabric. Dyebath reuse technology was first developed by the Georgia Institute of Technology about 10 years ago, but few mills have adopted it to date.

  13. Blade runner. Blade server and virtualization technology can help hospitals save money--but they are far from silver bullets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Daphne

    2009-03-01

    Blade servers and virtualization can reduce infrastructure, maintenance, heating, electric, cooling and equipment costs. Blade server technology is evolving and some elements may become obsolete. There is very little interoperability between blades. Hospitals can virtualize 40 to 60 percent of their servers, and old servers can be reused for testing. Not all applications lend themselves to virtualization--especially those with high memory requirements. CIOs should engage their vendors in virtualization discussions.

  14. Money in the bank : Feeling powerful increases saving

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garbinsky, E.; Klesse, A.K.; Aaker, J.

    2014-01-01

    Across five studies, this research reveals that feeling powerful increases saving. This effect is driven by the desire to maintain one’s current state. When the purpose of saving is no longer to accumulate money but to spend it on a status-related product, the basic effect is reversed, and those who

  15. Money in the bank : Feeling powerful increases saving

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garbinsky, E.; Klesse, A.K.; Aaker, J.

    2014-01-01

    Across five studies, this research reveals that feeling powerful increases saving. This effect is driven by the desire to maintain one’s current state. When the purpose of saving is no longer to accumulate money but to spend it on a status-related product, the basic effect is reversed, and those who

  16. Using electronic health records to save money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Dayan, Yosefa; Saed, Halil; Boaz, Mona; Misch, Yehudith; Shahar, Talia; Husiascky, Ilan; Blumenfeld, Oren

    2013-06-01

    Health information technology, especially electronic health records (EHRs), can be used to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare providers. This study assessed the cost-savings of incorporating a list of preferred specialty care providers into the EHRs used by all primary care physicians (PCPs), accompanied by a comprehensive implementation plan. On January 1, 2005, all specialty clinic providers at the Israeli Defense Forces were divided into one of four financial classes based on their charges, class 1, the least expensive, being the most preferred, followed by classes 2-4. This list was incorporated into the EHRs used by all PCPs in primary care clinics. PCPs received comprehensive training. Target referral goals were determined for each class and measured for 4 years, together with the total cost of all specialist visits in the first year compared to the following years. Quality assessment (QA) scores were used as a measure of the program's effect on the quality of patient care. During 2005-2008, a marginally significant decline in referrals to class 1 was observed (r=-0.254, p=0.078), however a significant increase in referral rates to class 2 was observed (r=0.957, p=0.042), concurrent with a decrease in referral rates to classes 3 and 4 (r=-0.312, p=0.024). An inverse correlation was observed between year and total costs for all visits to specialists (2008 prices; r=-0.96, p=0.04), and between the mean cost of one specialist visit over the 4 years, indicating a significant reduction in real costs (2008 prices; r=-0.995, p=0.005). QA was not affected by these changes (r=0.94, p=0.016). From a policy perspective, our data suggest that EHR can facilitate effective utilization of healthcare providers and decrease costs.

  17. Use staff wisely to save NHS money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Alison

    2015-12-09

    The NHS could save up to £ 2 billion a year by improving workflow and containing workforce costs, according to Labour peer Lord Carter's review of NHS efficiency. Changes in areas such as rostering and management of annual leave must avoid increasing the pressure on staff.

  18. Tip Saves Energy, Money for Pennsylvania Plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    A wastewater treatment plant in Berks County, Pennsylvania is saving nearly $45,000 a year and reducing hundreds of metric tons of greenhouse gases since employing an energy conservation tip offered by the Water Protection Division in EPA’s R3 and PADEP.

  19. ESCOs: Helping Schools Save Money and Energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Planning & Management, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the use of energy savings performance contracts to help reduce costs and improve school infrastructure and the educational environment. Further discussed are how indoor air quality reduces health, productivity, and costs; and examples are provided of how other schools have achieved better school environments and reduced energy costs. (GR)

  20. How to save money buying a computer

    CERN Document Server

    Team, The Hyperink

    2012-01-01

    ABOUT THE BOOK Investing in a new computer is a big deal. Unless you are one of the few who can afford to buy new computer equipment every year, you will probably keep your next purchase for four or five years. That means it has to last, and only a planned and calculated investment will help you to achieve this. Not all of us can invest in the best and most expensive computer that has been just released into the marketplace - and luckily, we don't need to. Most people are unaware that by just being a little cautious, you can save a lot on your computer investment, and at the same time get

  1. A REALLY WHEEZY WAY TO SAVE MONEY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Grace; Almossawi, Ofran; Dulfeker, Hasna; Jones, Vicky; Taylor, Felicity

    2016-09-01

    to £2.48 for the equivalent dose of non-soluble prednisolone dispensed with a tablet crusher. Several hospital trusts have switched to using non-soluble prednisolone in order to achieve cost savings, but there have been anecdotal reports of poor palatability, raising concerns about compliance with taking medication once discharged.The switch from a soluble to a non-soluble formulation of prednisolone represents an annual saving of more than £44,000 for this hospital alone and, at scale, could realise substantial potential savings to the NHS, without compromising patients' clinical care. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  2. Tracking technologies: real-time tracking technology may promise futuristic functionality, but many CIOs are using it today to save money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Kate Huvane

    2009-02-01

    The market for RFID tracking in healthcare has been growing steadily and could expand exponentially in the four to five years. Healthcare organizations are tagging items to ensure clinicians can quickly find equipment. Forward-thinking CIOs are leveraging RFID to track surgical tools and devices, monitor temperature-sensitive equipment and track patients. While tracking systems presents an upfront cost, they can result in significant savings by providing greater visibility of assets and preventing redundancy.

  3. 75 FR 33501 - Definitions for Regulations Affecting All Savings Associations; Money Market Deposit Accounts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... (HOLA),\\2\\ OTS issued regulations addressing limits on certain types of savings accounts known as Money...'s authority under HOLA to raise funds through accounts, further specifies that ``12 CFR parts...

  4. PRACTICAL AND MONEY-SAVING USE OF THE SAWDUST ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    scrap metal, empty cans and drums. A model, with a separate ... Darrow (1986), in the Appropriate Technology Sourcebook traces the introduction of the ... burned on open wood fires in an attempt to reduce fuel wood con- sumption and save ...

  5. Smart Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Ellen

    2009-01-01

    From using virtualization technology to accepting lunch payments online, school districts are seeking money-saving methods. In this article, the author discusses some methods used by school districts that allow them to save money from using virtualization technology to accepting lunch payments online.

  6. Smart Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Ellen

    2009-01-01

    From using virtualization technology to accepting lunch payments online, school districts are seeking money-saving methods. In this article, the author discusses some methods used by school districts that allow them to save money from using virtualization technology to accepting lunch payments online.

  7. Does good medication adherence really save payers money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Bruce C; Dai, Mingliang; Xu, Jing; Loh, Feng-Hua E; S Dougherty, Julia

    2015-06-01

    Despite a growing consensus that better adherence with evidence-based medications can save payers money, assertions of cost offsets may be incomplete if they fail to consider additional drug costs and/or are biased by healthy adherer behaviors unobserved in typical medical claims-based analyses. The objective of this study was to determine whether controlling for healthy adherer bias (HAB) materially affected estimated medical cost offsets and additional drug spending associated with higher adherence. A total of 1273 Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes enrolled in Part D plans between 2006 and 2009. Using survey and claims data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, we measured medical and drug costs associated with good and poor adherence (proportion of days covered ≥ 80% and <80%, respectively) to oral antidiabetic drugs, ACE inhibitors/ARBs, and statins over 2 years. To test for HAB, we estimated pairs of regression models, one set containing variables typically controlled for in conventional claims analysis and a second set with survey-based variables selected to capture HAB effects. We found consistent evidence that controlling for HAB reduces estimated savings in medical costs from better adherence, and likewise, reduces estimates of additional adherence-related drug spending. For ACE inhibitors/ARBs we estimate that controlling for HAB reduced adherence-related medical cost offsets from $6389 to $4920 per person (P<0.05). Estimates of additional adherence-related drug costs were 26% and 14% lower in HAB-controlled models (P < 0.05). These results buttress the economic case for action by health care payers to improve medication adherence among insured persons with chronic disease. However, given the limitations of our research design, further research on larger samples with other disease states is clearly warranted.

  8. Energy Saver: Tips on Saving Energy and Money in Your Home

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casey, Allison L [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-10-04

    This guide shows you how easy it is to reduce your energy use at home and on the road. You'll find quick tips you can use to start saving today, as well as information on larger projects that will help save you money over the long term. Find even more information about saving money and energy at home by visiting our website, EnergySaver.gov.

  9. Big Money: The Effect of Money Size on Value Perceptions and Saving Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peetz, Johanna; Soliman, Monica

    2016-01-28

    Motivated perception has been shown to affect people's estimates of money (e.g., perceiving coins as larger than real size). In the present research, we examine whether simply varying the size of a picture of money can affect its perceived value and subsequent decisions. Participants presented with a picture of money enlarged by 15% perceived the depicted money as more valuable compared with those seeing a real-size picture (Study 1). When told to imagine their own cash and banked money in the depicted form, participants presented with a picture enlarged by 15% felt more subjectively wealthy and reported fewer intentions to conserve their money compared with those seeing a real-size picture of the same money (Study 2). Together, these studies suggest that judgments about money and even attitudes toward personal spending can be influenced by manipulating the size of a picture of money. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. The carbon buster's home energy handbook : slowing climate change and saving money

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoyke, G. [Carbon Busters Inc., Edmonton, AB (Canada)

    2007-07-01

    This book presented solutions for reducing household energy use and environmental impacts. It is intended for those who are concerned about global warming, rising fuel costs and environmental stewardship. It included practical suggestions and clearly explained measures that can help an individual reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and save money on energy bills. It listed best choices that individuals can make to contribute to a more sustainable world by reducing their carbon footprint. In addition to providing tips for saving energy and money, the book provided tools to weigh various energy efficiency options. It focused on products and technologies that can solve the problem of household contributions to the greenhouse gas problem by making good buying choices. It was shown that the intelligent use of appropriate technology can help avoid environmental problems. A detailed carbon accounting for a typical North American family's carbon emissions was presented along with strategies to reduce emissions by up to 73 per cent. The measures that yield the highest return for the environment and the wallet were evaluated. For example, the effectiveness of solar panels versus buying a hybrid car was measured, along with the cost in buying a $500 fridge that uses 800 kWh of power per year. The Carbon Buster strategies described in this book have an average annual return of 32 per cent. refs., tabs., figs.

  11. Do Medicaid home and community based service waivers save money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, Charlene; Ng, Terence; Kitchener, Martin

    2011-10-01

    This article estimates the potential savings to the Medicaid program of using 1915c Home and Community Based Services (HCBS) waivers rather than institutional care. For Medicaid HCBS waiver expenditures of $25 billion in 2006, we estimate the national savings to be over $57 billion, or $57,338 per waiver participant in 2006 compared with the cost of Medicaid institutional care (for which all waiver participants are eligible). When taking into account a potential 50% "woodwork effect" (for people who might have refused institutional services), the saving would be $21 billion. This analysis demonstrates that HCBS waiver programs present significant direct financial savings to Medicaid long-term care (LTC) programs.

  12. EnergySavers: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's consumer guide to saving money and energy at home and on the road. It consists of the following articles: (1) Save Money and Energy Today - Get started with things you can do now, and use the whole-house approach to ensure that your investments are wisely made to save you money and energy; (2) Your Home's Energy Use - Find out how your home uses energy, and where it's losing the most energy so you can develop a plan to save in the short and long term; (3) Air Leaks and Insulation - Seal air leaks and insulate your home properly so your energy dollars don't seep through the cracks; (4) Heating and Cooling - Use efficient systems to heat and cool your home, and save money and increase comfort by properly maintaining and upgrading equipment; (5) Water Heating - Use the right water heater for your home, insulate it and lower its temperature, and use less water to avoid paying too much; (6) Windows - Enjoy light and views while saving money by installing energy-efficient windows, and use strategies to keep your current windows from losing energy; (7) Lighting - Choose today's energy-efficient lighting for some of the easiest and cheapest ways to reduce your electric bill; (8) Appliances - Use efficient appliances through-out your home, and get greater performance with lower energy bills; (9) Home Office and Electronics - Find out how much energy your electronics use, reduce their out-put when you're not using them, and choose efficient electronics to save money; (10) Renewable Energy - Use renewable energy at home such as solar and wind to save energy dollars while reducing environmental impact; (11) Transportation - Choose efficient transportation options and drive more efficiently to save at the gas pump; and (12) References - Use our reference list to learn more about energy efficiency and renewable energy.

  13. A properly adjusted forage harvester can save time and money

    Science.gov (United States)

    A properly adjusted forage harvester can save fuel and increase the realizable milk per ton of your silage. This article details the adjustments necessary to minimize energy while maximizing productivity and forage quality....

  14. Shop Around: High Energy Collaboration Saves California Universities Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteson, Gary C.

    2000-01-01

    Reports on efforts of the University of California and California State University to combine their electrical loads through a joint four-year energy contract and thereby realize significant savings. Recounts difficulties in harmonizing procurement and decision-making processes and the eventual successful outcome. (DB)

  15. Shop Around: High Energy Collaboration Saves California Universities Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteson, Gary C.

    2000-01-01

    Reports on efforts of the University of California and California State University to combine their electrical loads through a joint four-year energy contract and thereby realize significant savings. Recounts difficulties in harmonizing procurement and decision-making processes and the eventual successful outcome. (DB)

  16. Inbound freight: an untapped resource for saving money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehn, Kurt

    2007-12-01

    With all the responsibilities placed on materials managers, it is not surprising that some processes such as shipping are overlooked when it comes to cutting costs. But by taking a closer look at inbound freight costs, materials managers might discover an untapped resource for saving thousands, and in some cases millions, of dollars. Finding out how costs vary among vendors for shipping the same type of item can eliminate unnecessary freight charges. Initially, the process takes time, but the bottom line will be better for it.

  17. How School Choice Programs Can Save Money. WebMemo #727

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kirk A.

    2005-01-01

    Educational choice can improve educational achievement and states' bottom lines. Not only do choice programs help students from lower-income families attend schools that they otherwise might not be able to attend, but they can also save money in the process. A record number of state legislatures have considered school choice legislation this year,…

  18. The Future is Green: Tribal College Saving Water, Electricity--and Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Gelvin

    2005-01-01

    Tribal colleges and universities around the country are harnessing natural sources of energy on their campuses. Renewable energy and sustainable building design have many advantages--they save money and provide healthier learning and working environments while allowing people to live in greater harmony with the earth. This article discusses…

  19. Saving Money on Printing and Reproduction. ERIC Fact Sheet No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Boulder, CO.

    Presented in question-and-answer format, the fact sheet provides educators with general information on photocopying and offset printing processes and offers specific tips for saving money on printing and reproduction. The first section addresses the use of photocopying, describes instances when photocopying is most economic, and discusses…

  20. Cool Roofs to Save Money and Delay Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Arthur

    2006-04-01

    White roofs, and now cool-colored roofs, with a high reflectivity or `albedo' have a long history (best known around the Mediterranean) of keeping buildings and cities cool. In modern times, cool roofs have been shown to reduce air conditioning (a-c) demand and slow the formation of ozone (smog). Studies establishing a typical 10% reduction in a-c demand and electricity savings due to white roofs in California (CA) resulted in the 2005 CA new building energy efficiency standard prescribing that low-slope roofs be white, but exempting sloping roofs for aesthetic reasons. The advent (thanks to physicists' efforts) of inexpensive colored pigments with high albedo has led to 2008 CA standards requiring that even sloping roofs be cool. Here, I show that cooling the planet by reducing urban albedo through white and other cool roofs is a direct effect, much larger and immediate than the 2nd-order cooling from reduced CO2 from reduced a-c use. I then investigate widespread deployment of cool roof in major tropical and temperate cities, which cover 2% of global land area and have a proportionately higher albedo impact due to lower latitude. Here, cool roofs and cooler pavements can raise urban albedo by 10%. This directly drops the global average temperature by ˜0.05 /deg C. Though small compared to a likely 3 /deg C rise by 2060, an immediate drop of 0.05 /deg C represents a reprieve in global warming of 1 year, and represents avoiding a year's current annual world emissions of CO2, i.e. 25 GT(CO2). At a trading price of 25/tCO2, this is worth ˜625B. Cooling the planet also could save annually hundreds of billions on a-c electric bills. Finally I suggest policies to increase cool roof deployment, for example, developed world Kyoto signatories could use its CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) for cool roof programs in developing countries.

  1. BGP Ltd Adopts Energy-saving Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ An exploration subsidiary of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), the country's largest oil company, has agreed to use energy-saving technology developed by a Beijing firm in an attempt to slash costs.

  2. Electric energy savings from new technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moe, R.J.; Harrer, B.J.; Kellogg, M.A.; Lyke, A.J.; Imhoff, K.L.; Fisher, Z.J.

    1986-01-01

    Purpose of the report is to provide information about the electricity-saving potential of new technologies to OCEP that it can use in developing alternative long-term projections of US electricity consumption. Low-, base-, and high-case scenarios of the electricity savings for ten technologies were prepared. The total projected annual savings for the year 2000 for all ten technologies were 137 billion kilowatt hours (BkWh), 279 BkWh, and 470 BkWh, respectively, for the three cases. The magnitude of these savings projections can be gauged by comparing them to the Department's reference case projection for the 1985 National Energy Policy Plan. In the Department's reference case, total consumption in 2000 is projected to be 3319 BkWh. Thus, the savings projected here represent between 4% and 14% of total consumption projected for 2000. Because approximately 75% of the base-case estimate of savings are already incorporated into the reference forecast, reducing projected electricity consumption from what it otherwise would have been, the savings estimated here should not be directly subtracted from the reference forecast.

  3. Save water, save money

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,; Fairfax County, VA

    1977-01-01

    The United States uses huge quantities of water. In 1976, for example, it was estimated that for each person in the U.S., about 2,000 gallons of water were used daily in homes, offices, farms, and factories. This means that roughly 420 billion gallons of water were pumped, piped, or diverted each day—about 15 percent more than in 1970. By the year 2000, our daily water needs will probably exceed 800 billion gallons.

  4. Saving money, saving lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meliones, J

    2000-01-01

    In 1996, Duke Children's Hospital was in serious trouble. Its $11 million annual operating loss had forced administrators to make cutbacks. As a result, some caregivers felt that the quality of care had deteriorated. Parents' complaints were on the rise. Frustrated staff members were quitting. In this article, Jon Meliones, DCH's chief medical director, candidly describes how his debt-ridden hospital transformed itself into a vibrant and profitable one. The problem, he realized, was that each group in DCH was focusing only on its individual mission. Doctors and nurses wanted to restore their patients to health; they didn't want to have to think about costs. Hospital administrators, for their part, were focused only on controlling wildly escalating health care costs. To keep DCH afloat, clinicians and administrators needed to work together. By listening to staff concerns, turning reams of confusing data into useful information, taking a fresh approach to teamwork, and using the balanced scorecard method, Meliones and his colleagues brought DCH back to life. Developing and implementing the balanced scorecard approach wasn't easy: it took a pilot project, a top-down reorganization, development of a customized information system, and systematic work redesign. But their efforts paid off. Customer satisfaction ratings jumped 18%. Improvements to internal business processes reduced the average length of stay 21% while the readmission rate fell from 7% to 3%. The cost per patient dropped nearly $5,000. And DCH recorded profits of $4 million in 2000. This first-person account is required reading for any executive seeking to revitalize a sagging organization. Meliones shares the operating principles DCH followed to become a thriving business.

  5. NCBI-compliant genome submissions: tips and tricks to save time and money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirovano, Walter; Boetzer, Marten; Derks, Martijn F L; Smit, Sandra

    2017-03-01

    Genome sequences nowadays play a central role in molecular biology and bioinformatics. These sequences are shared with the scientific community through sequence databases. The sequence repositories of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC, comprising GenBank, ENA and DDBJ) are the largest in the world. Preparing an annotated sequence in such a way that it will be accepted by the database is challenging because many validation criteria apply. In our opinion, it is an undesirable situation that researchers who want to submit their sequence need either a lot of experience or help from partners to get the job done. To save valuable time and money, we list a number of recommendations for people who want to submit an annotated genome to a sequence database, as well as for tool developers, who could help to ease the process. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. Save money and the environment too : setting up an effective regional source education campaign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goddard, B. [Alameda County Waste Management Authority, San Leandro, CA (United States)

    2000-07-01

    The San Francisco Bay Area has created a unique and award-winning promotional campaign that combines the efforts of 110 cities and counties in the region with 400 supermarkets. The campaign is aimed at increasing consumer awareness about the impact of individual actions on the environment. The 'Save Money and The Environment Too' campaign educates shoppers to produce less waste, avoid over-packaging and buy reusable, long-lasting products. The campaign message has reached consumers for the past five years through television and radio commercials as well as through poster publicity. The campaign has proven to have a strong impact on shoppers buying habits. Safeway Stores in 1996 showed a 19.4 per cent increase in sales of products with minimal package and recycled content while sales of over-packaged products declined by 36 per cent. The campaign has received 7 awards and national recognition.

  7. How School Facilities Managers and Business Officials Are Reducing Operating Costs and Saving Money. Energy-Smart Building Choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

    This guide addresses contributions that school facility administrators and business officials can make in an effort to reduce operating costs and free up money for capital improvements. The guide explores opportunities available to utilize energy-saving strategies at any stage in a building's life, from its initial design phase through renovation.…

  8. Adopting a surgical safety checklist could save money and improve the quality of care in U.S. hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semel, Marcus E; Resch, Stephen; Haynes, Alex B; Funk, Luke M; Bader, Angela; Berry, William R; Weiser, Thomas G; Gawande, Atul A

    2010-09-01

    Use of the World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist has been associated with a significant reduction in major postoperative complications after inpatient surgery. We hypothesized that implementing the checklist in the United States would generate cost savings for hospitals. We performed a decision analysis comparing implementation of the checklist to existing practice in U.S. hospitals. In a hospital with a baseline major complication rate after surgery of at least 3 percent, the checklist generates cost savings once it prevents at least five major complications. Using the checklist would both save money and improve the quality of care in hospitals throughout the United States.

  9. Energy Savings Potential of Radiative Cooling Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez, Nicholas [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Wang, Weimin [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Alvine, Kyle J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Katipamula, Srinivas [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-11-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Program (BTP), conducted a study to estimate, through simulation, the potential cooling energy savings that could be achieved through novel approaches to capturing free radiative cooling in buildings, particularly photonic ‘selective emittance’ materials. This report documents the results of that study.

  10. Values and Technologies in Energy Savings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Jørgen Stig

    2000-01-01

    The chapter is based on the assumption, that technology improvement is not sufficient to achieve a sustainable world community. Changes in people´s values are necessary. A simple model suggest how values, together with basic needs and with the environmental and societal frames, determine people´s...... under way in societies like Denmark, expressed as a general economic saturation. These trends, however, are not supported by politicians, but rather are they counteracted. Finally are discussed the actives in value shaping in todays Denmark......The chapter is based on the assumption, that technology improvement is not sufficient to achieve a sustainable world community. Changes in people´s values are necessary. A simple model suggest how values, together with basic needs and with the environmental and societal frames, determine people......´s behavioural pattern and lifestyles. Deliberate changes in social values are illustrated by a historical example. From the side of technology the basic principles in the economy of energy savings are briefly described. The marginally profitable energy savings provides an economic saving. The application...

  11. Simple solar technology saves money for alligator farms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, A.

    1993-01-01

    In 1990, a high-volume solar thermal water-heating system in Florida was installed in Okeechobee County by Solar Development, Inc. (SDI). The system is designed to provide large quantities of hot water for commercial use and heat water to as high as 140[degrees]F. The design in Florida is known as a Shallow Solar Pond (SSP). It was completed with the help of the Florida Alligator Farmers Association, the Florida Energy Office, Foster Farms, and SDI. The SSP is a modular system built on site and modified to meet the specific needs of each application. The tank and the collector are the same unit, which keeps the system cost very low. The typical SSP module is 16 feet wide and up to 200 feet long. The module contains one or two reinforced-rubber flat water bags similar to a water bed. The bags rest on a layer of insulation or sand inside concrete or fiberglass curbs. In the Foster Farms SSP, the insulation was omitted and the water bags are placed on sand. The bag is protected against damage and heat loss by greenhouse-type glazing. At Foster Farms there are 3 SSPs, set in approximately 8,000 square feet, with two 5,000-gallon bags per unit. In addition, there is a pressurizing pump/tank system. Every morning, the heated water from the bags drains into a sump tank. While the bags are emptied into the backup system, well water is pumped in and the solar heating process starts all over again.

  12. Hospitals go green. Trustees discover that being gentle to the environment can actually save money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandrick, Karen

    2009-05-01

    Building environmentally sustainable health care facilities costs more than a standard structure, but the benefits to patients and staff, as well as the long-term energy savings, make the investment well worth it.

  13. Telephone-based disease management: why it does not save money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motheral, Brenda R

    2011-01-01

    To understand why the current telephone-based model of disease management (DM) does not provide cost savings and how DM can be retooled based on the best available evidence to deliver better value. Literature review. The published peer-reviewed evaluations of DM and transitional care models from 1990 to 2010 were reviewed. Also examined was the cost-effectiveness literature on the treatment of chronic conditions that are commonly included in DM programs, including heart failure, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and asthma. First, transitional care models, which have historically been confused with commercial DM programs, can provide credible savings over a short period, rendering them low-hanging fruit for plan sponsors who desire real savings. Second, cost-effectiveness research has shown that the individual activities that constitute contemporary DM programs are not cost saving except for heart failure. Targeting of specific patients and activity combinations based on risk, actionability, treatment and program effectiveness, and costs will be necessary to deliver a cost-saving DM program, combined with an outreach model that brings vendors closer to the patient and physician. Barriers to this evidence-driven approach include resources required, marketability, and business model disruption. After a decade of market experimentation with limited success, new thinking is called for in the design of DM programs. A program design that is based on a cost-effectiveness approach, combined with greater program efficacy, will allow for the development of DM programs that are cost saving.

  14. Barriers to investments in energy saving technologies. Case study for the industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Masselink, Dirk Jan

    2007-01-01

    To realise future energy saving targets, the government needs to increase energy reduction rates. One option to increase energy savings is found in removing barriers to investments in cost-effective energy saving technologies. Many technologies save energ

  15. How To Save Money In College%大学期间怎样省钱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lois Ryan; 阮峰

    2010-01-01

    @@ If you are a full-time student in college,money is always going to be an issue.The first thing you have to consider is whether you are going to have enough money to pay for the tuition forthe fall and spnng semesters.Most colleges offer scholarships and financial aid.As a last resort,you can get a student loan.Most students do get approved for the loans.Still,if you have your living expenses and tuition paid for,you'll have other things to consider.These include food,unless you are on the meal plan,clothing,personal hygiene1 products,books and entertainment-you want to have a fun time at college also.

  16. Breakthrough Energy Savings with Waterjet Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee W. Saperstein; R. Larry Grayson; David A. Summers; Jorge Garcia-Joo; Greg Sutton; Mike Woodward; T.P. McNulty

    2007-05-15

    Experiments performed at the University of Missouri-Rolla's Waterjet Laboratory have demonstrated clearly the ability of waterjets to disaggregate, in a single step, four different mineral ores, including ores containing iron, lead and copper products. The study focused mainly on galena-bearing dolomite, a lead ore, and compared the new technology with that of traditional mining and milling to liberate the valuable constituent for the more voluminous host rock. The technical term for the disintegration of the ore to achieve this liberation is comminution. The potential for energy savings if this process can be improved, is immense. Further, if this separation can be made at the mining face, then the potential energy savings include avoidance of transportation (haulage and hoisting) costs to move, process and store this waste at the surface. The waste can, instead, be disposed into the available cavities within the mine. The savings also include the elimination of the comminution, crushing and grinding, stages in the processing plant. Future prototype developments are intended to determine if high-pressure waterjet mining and processing can be optimized to become cheaper than traditional fragmentation by drilling and blasting and to optimize the separation process. The basic new mining process was illustrated in tests on two local rock types, a low-strength sandstone with hematite inclusions, and a medium to high-strength dolomite commonly used for construction materials. Illustrative testing of liberation of minerals, utilized a lead-bearing dolomite, and included a parametric study of the optimal conditions needed to create a size distribution considered best for separation. The target goal was to have 50 percent of the mined material finer than 100 mesh (149 microns). Of the 21 tests that were run, five clearly achieved the target. The samples were obtained as run-of-mine lumps of ore, which exhibited a great deal of heterogeneity within the samples. This

  17. The magic of money and the illusion of biofuels: toward an interdisciplinary understanding of technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornborg, Alf

    2017-02-01

    For several centuries, the dominant worldview in industrial societies has held that various problems -such as those recently identified as relating to sustainability- can be solved through technological progress. Technological progress has been conceived as the fruits of engineering science, new knowledge, and innovation. While knowledge of the principles of physics is certainly a necessary condition for technological development, it is not a sufficient condition. Technology is not only a product of engineering, but, ultimately, also of asymmetric transfers of biophysical resources. In other words, the feasibility of technological progress is contingent on world market prices. The history of technology has been written from the perspective of advancing ingenuity, rather than that of unequal global exchange. The implicit world view underlying dominant historiography and economic science ignores the deepening global inequalities which are prerequisite to what some sectors of world society can celebrate as technological progress, including visions of replacing fossil fuels with biofuels and other renewable energy sources. This observation should prompt us to conceptualize technological progress as an inherently unequal capacity to locally save time and space at the expense of human time and natural space lost elsewhere. It implies that the physical agency of technology ultimately rests on prices, i.e. subjective human conceptions about the value of market commodities, and thus finally on the magical artifact we know as money. The purpose of this article is to show how current deliberations on biofuels illustrate the insufficiencies of mainstream understandings of the phenomenon of technology, and to indicate why an adequate understanding of technology must be interdisciplinary, combining insights on both Nature and Society.

  18. How changes to the Medicare Benefits Schedule could improve the practice of cardiology and save taxpayer money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Richard W; Nasis, Arthur; Sundararajan, Vijaya

    2015-09-21

    Rising health care costs above inflation are placing serious strains on the sustainability of the Australian Medicare system in its current structure. The Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS), which lists rebates payable to patients for private medical services provided on a fee-for-service basis, is the cornerstone of the Australian health care system. Introduced in the 1980s, the MBS has changed little despite major advances in the evidence base for the practice of cardiology. We outline how we believe sensible changes to the MBS listings for four cardiac services--invasive coronary angiography, computed tomography coronary angiography, stress testing and percutaneous coronary intervention--would improve the clinical practice of cardiology and save substantial amounts of taxpayer money.

  19. Opinions and activities of families regarding money management and saving awareness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handan Asude Başal

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to minimize today’s financial problems, it is needed to increase the literacy levels of individuals starting from their childhood. Consequently, considering the fact that financial literacy is more effective when it is taught in early ages, families of 5-6 year old children going to preschool institutions need to determine the points to take into account regarding financial management and saving awareness. Through this purpose, a structured interview form was used with families of 945 children, 498 of whom are girls and 447 of whom are boys. Frequency and percentage calculations and chi square test were used in analyzing the data. At the end of the research, it was determined that most of preschoolers had moneyboxes and few of them had saving accounts in banks and they received allowances. It was established that educational levels of families have great influence on children when they choose bank accounts or moneyboxes while socio-economical levels of families have influence on having a bank account. Majority of families stated that they try to set an example for their children on savings and ownership and they buy the stuff they children need, not they want. Likewise, most of the families stated that they try to teach their children how to trade economically and make a budget by going to markets and bazaars with them.

  20. Vaginal microbicides save money: a model of cost-effectiveness in South Africa and the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verguet, S; Walsh, J A

    2010-06-01

    To determine the hypothetical cost-effectiveness of vaginal microbicides preventing male to female HIV transmission. A mathematical epidemiological and cost-effectiveness model using data from South Africa and the USA was used. The prospective 1-year-long intervention targeted a general population of women in a city of 1,000,000 inhabitants in two very different epidemiological settings, South Africa with a male HIV prevalence of 18.80% and the USA with a male HIV prevalence of 0.72%. The base case scenario assumes a microbicide effective at 55%, used in 30% of sexual episodes at a retail price for the public sector in South Africa of US$0.51 per use and in the USA of US$2.23 per use. In South Africa, over 1 year, the intervention would prevent 1908 infections, save US$6712 per infection averted as compared with antiretroviral treatment. In the USA, it would be more costly: over 1 year, the intervention would prevent 21 infections, amounting to a net cost per infection averted of US$405,077. However, in the setting of Washington DC, with a higher HIV prevalence, the same intervention would prevent 93 infections and save US$91,176 per infection averted. Sensitivity analyses were conducted and even a microbicide with a low effectiveness of 30% would still save healthcare costs in South Africa. A microbicide intervention is likely to be very cost-effective in a country undergoing a high-level generalised epidemic such as South Africa, but is unlikely to be cost-effective in a developed country presenting epidemiological features similar to the USA unless the male HIV prevalence exceeds 2.4%.

  1. Restricting patients' medication supply to one month: saving or wasting money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domino, Marisa Elena; Olinick, Joshua; Sleath, Betsy; Leinwand, Sharman; Byrns, Patricia J; Carey, Tim

    2004-07-01

    A state Medicaid program's pharmacy expenditures associated with dispensing one- and three-month supplies of drugs were examined. We simulated the effect of a policy change from a maximum of a 100-day supply of prescription medication to one where only a 34-day supply was allowed. All North Carolina prescription claims from Medicaid enrollees who filled a prescription for at least one of six medication categories during fiscal years 1999 and 2000 were included. The six categories were angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, antiulcers, antipsychotics, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, and sulfonylureas. The dollar value of the medication wasted, the amount of medication wastage diverted after a change to a shorter prescription length, and the total costs incurred by the increases in prescription refills were calculated. For each therapeutic category, 255,000-783,000 prescription drug claims were analyzed. No valid drug claims were excluded for any reason. Although 5-14% of total drug wastage, attributed to switches of drug therapy, could be saved by dispensing a 34-day supply, this saving could not make up for a larger increase in dispensing costs, as consumers would fill prescriptions more often. In addition, reducing the amount of drug dispensed each time may be costly to consumers through increased transportation and other expenses. Simulated calculation showed that the cost of drug therapy to North Carolina's Medicaid program would probably increase if 34-day rather than 100-day supplies of medications are dispensed to patients.

  2. Determining if disease management saves money: an introduction to meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, Ariel; Adams, John L

    2007-06-01

    Disease management (DM) programmes have long been promoted as a major medical cost-saving mechanism, even though the scant research that exists on the topic has provided conflicting results. In a 2004 literature review, the Congressional Budget Office stated that 'there is insufficient evidence to conclude that disease management programs can generally reduce the overall cost of health care services'. To address this question more accurately, a meta-analysis was warranted. Meta-analysis is the quantitative technique used to pool the results of many studies on the same topic and summarize them statistically. This method is also quite suitable for individual DM firms to assess whether their programmes are effective at the aggregate level. This paper describes the elements of a rigorous meta-analytic process and discusses potential biases. A hypothetical DM organization is then evaluated with a specific emphasis on medical cost-savings, simulating a case in which different populations are served, evaluation methodologies are employed, and diseases are managed.

  3. Electric energy savings from new technologies. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrer, B.J.; Kellogg, M.A.; Lyke, A.J.; Imhoff, K.L.; Fisher, Z.J.

    1986-09-01

    Purpose of the report is to provide information about the electricity-saving potential of new technologies to OCEP that it can use in developing alternative long-term projections of US electricity consumption. Low-, base-, and high-case scenarios of the electricity savings for 10 technologies were prepared. The total projected annual savings for the year 2000 for all 10 technologies were 137 billion kilowatt hours (BkWh), 279 BkWh, and 470 BkWh, respectively, for the three cases. The magnitude of these savings projections can be gauged by comparing them to the Department's reference case projection for the 1985 National Energy Policy Plan. In the Department's reference case, total consumption in 2000 is projected to be 3319 BkWh. Because approximately 75% of the base-case estimate of savings are already incorporated into the reference projection, only 25% of the savings estimated here should be subtracted from the reference projection for analysis purposes.

  4. Managing manifest diseases, but not health risks, saved PepsiCo money over seven years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caloyeras, John P; Liu, Hangsheng; Exum, Ellen; Broderick, Megan; Mattke, Soeren

    2014-01-01

    Workplace wellness programs are increasingly popular. Employers expect them to improve employee health and well-being, lower medical costs, increase productivity, and reduce absenteeism. To test whether such expectations are warranted, we evaluated the cost impact of the lifestyle and disease management components of PepsiCo's wellness program, Healthy Living. We found that seven years of continuous participation in one or both components was associated with an average reduction of $30 in health care cost per member per month. When we looked at each component individually, we found that the disease management component was associated with lower costs and that the lifestyle management component was not. We estimate disease management to reduce health care costs by $136 per member per month, driven by a 29 percent reduction in hospital admissions. Workplace wellness programs may reduce health risks, delay or avoid the onset of chronic diseases, and lower health care costs for employees with manifest chronic disease. But employers and policy makers should not take for granted that the lifestyle management component of such programs can reduce health care costs or even lead to net savings.

  5. Temporary roads : nature-friendly construction method cuts road width by half and saves money

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godfrey, B.

    2010-10-15

    This article discussed a new method for building low-disturbance temporary roads that entails mulching trees and using the resulting wood-fibre material for the road bed. The size of the mulch is adjusted for conditions. A specialized whole-tree mulcher is used after the access area is logged and the felled trees cleared away. The mulcher mulches a whole tree to specs and then moves on to the next tree. Merchantable wood is removed and sold. The process is suited to flat or gently sloping areas at higher elevations, and it reduces the width of a conventional clay-based right-of-way by 50 percent. Clay-built roads require extensive ditch drainage, increasing the width needed, but moisture drains directly through mulch-based roads, which also leave the underlying root zone undisturbed, so no drainage ditches are needed. The new method reduces disturbance resulting from road width, makes use of materials that would otherwise go unused, eliminates the need to import large quantities of fill, and eliminates the risk of introducing new species to the roadway area during the reclamation process. The mulch road bed has a depth of 8 to 20 inches. Leaving the root bed undisturbed adds to the load-bearing integrity of the road. The mulch method also cuts overall access costs. The construction cost is slightly more than for clay-based roads, but the severely reduced reclamation cost results in big savings. 1 ref., 3 figs.

  6. [THE FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS FACILITATES A SAFE, TIME AND MONEY SAVING OPEN ACCESS COLONOSCOPY SERVICE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gingold-Belfer, Rachel; Niv, Yaron; Horev, Nehama; Gross, Shuli; Sahar, Nadav; Dickman, Ram

    2017-04-01

    Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is used for the identification of potential risks in health care processes. We used a specific FMEA - based form for direct referral for colonoscopy and assessed it for procedurerelated perforations. Ten experts in endoscopy evaluated and computed the entire referral process, modes of preparation for the endoscopic procedure, the endoscopic procedure itself and the discharge process. We used FMEA assessing for likelihood of occurrence, detection and severity and calculated the risk profile number (RPN) for each of the above points. According to the highest RPN results we designed a specific open access referral form and then compared the occurrence of colonic perforations (between 2010 and 2013) in patients who were referred through the open access arm (Group 1) to those who had a prior clinical consultation (non-open access, Group 2). Our experts in endoscopy (5 physicians and 5 nurses) identified 3 categories of failure modes that, on average, reached the highest RPNs. We identified 9,558 colonoscopies in group 1, and 12,567 in group 2. Perforations were identified in three patients from the open access group (1:3186, 0.03%) and in 10 from group 2 (1:1256, 0.07%) (p = 0.024). Direct referral for colonoscopy saved 9,558 pre-procedure consultations and the sum of $850,000. The FMEA tool-based specific referral form facilitates a safe, time and money saving open access colonoscopy service. Our form may be adopted by other gastroenterological clinics in Israel.

  7. Novel energy saving technologies evaluation tool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klemeš, J.; Bulatov, I.; Koppejan, J.

    2009-01-01

    The lead-time for the development of a new energy technology, from the initial idea to the commercial application, can take many years. The reduction of this time has been the main objective of the EC DGTREN, who have funded two related recent projects, EMINENT and EMINENT2 (Early Market Introductio

  8. Novel energy saving technologies evaluation tool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klemeš, J.; Bulatov, I.; Koppejan, J.

    2009-01-01

    The lead-time for the development of a new energy technology, from the initial idea to the commercial application, can take many years. The reduction of this time has been the main objective of the EC DGTREN, who have funded two related recent projects, EMINENT and EMINENT2 (Early Market Introductio

  9. Viable behavioural and technological energy-saving measures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poortinga, W. [Centre for Environmental Risk, University of East Anglia, Norwich (United Kingdom); Steg, L. [Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)

    2002-07-01

    Both in the natural and social sciences sustainable household consumption has been studied for a long time. However, cooperation between the two has been fairly uncommon. This paper argues that the disciplines should collaborate closely in designing more successful environmental policies on household energy use. It demonstrates how data from the natural and social sciences may be combined to identify energy saving measures that are most likely to be successful, i.e., effective and acceptable (so-called viable energy-saving measures). Moreover, this study examined differences in acceptability of energy-saving measures between various socio-demographic groups. Differences in acceptability of behavioural and technological measures proved attributable not only to levels of environmental concern, but also to differences in income.

  10. Saving tax payers' money

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staak, Thorsten; Günzel, Franziska

    this aim. To resolve this existing dichotomy between the motivation and the practical design of public intervention is the goal of this paper. To this end, we develop, using the Analytical Hierarchy Process, a decision tool, which incorporates the market failure theory as its foundation. With this study...

  11. Saving tax payers' money

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staak, Thorsten; Günzel, Franziska

    During the last years major market-oriented economies have installed differently designed promoting institutions. Most of them declare in their statutes ‘correcting market failure’ as a fundamental goal regarding start-up support. But recent studies have shown that other economic goals outrank...... this aim. To resolve this existing dichotomy between the motivation and the practical design of public intervention is the goal of this paper. To this end, we develop, using the Analytical Hierarchy Process, a decision tool, which incorporates the market failure theory as its foundation. With this study...

  12. The HVAC Control Technology Making Energy Saving Compatible with Comfort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takagi, Yasuo; Yonezawa, Kenzo; Murayama, Dai; Nishimura, Nobutaka; Hanada, Yuuichi; Yamazaki, Kenichi

    The new air-conditioning control technology for the energy saving for buildings is proposed. The method is mainly focused on the compatibility of energy savings and comfort. The energy saving is achieved through the next generation air handling unit that controls room humidity without energy loss and the optimal operation of HVAC (Heating, Ventilating and air-conditioning) system, manipulating the supplying airflow temperature to the rooms, room temperature and the humidity. The comfort is kept by the index (PMV: Predicted Mean Vote) that calculated with room temperature, humidity, radiation temperature, wind velocity and so on. In order to find the HVAC system operation conditions that satisfy the comfort and energy saving at the same time, very large-scale nonlinear programming with nonlinear constraints must be solved on real time basis. To make the programming of the system practical, the driving function loaded onto a control computer is introduced. The function is made by the spline interpolation to achieve calculation stable and to adapt to various HVAC operation modes. The effectiveness of the HVAC control technology is proved through a building HVAC data and the simulations using the data.

  13. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Design Support for Tooling Optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Dongtao

    2011-09-23

    High pressure die casting is an intrinsically efficient net shape process and improvements in energy efficiency are strongly dependent on design and process improvements that reduce scrap rates so that more of the total consumed energy goes into acceptable, usable castings. Computer simulation has become widely used within the industry but use is not universal. Further, many key design decisions must be made before the simulation can be run and expense in terms of money and time often limits the number of decision iterations that can be explored. This work continues several years of work creating simple, very fast, design tools that can assist with the early stage design decisions so that the benefits of simulation can be maximized and, more importantly, so that the chances of first shot success are maximized. First shot success and better running processes contributes to less scrap and significantly better energy utilization by the process. This new technology was predicted to result in an average energy savings of 1.83 trillion BTUs/year over a 10 year period. Current (2011) annual energy saving estimates over a ten year period, based on commercial introduction in 2012, a market penetration of 30% by 2015 is 1.89 trillion BTUs/year by 2022. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting and pouring of the metal which will be saved as a result of this technology. The average annual estimate of CO2 reduction per year through 2022 is 0.037 Million Metric Tons of Carbon Equivalent (MM TCE).

  14. MORE THAN MONEY: THE EXPONENTIAL IMPACT OF ACADEMIC TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDevitt, Valerie Landrio; Mendez-Hinds, Joelle; Winwood, David; Nijhawan, Vinit; Sherer, Todd; Ritter, John F; Sanberg, Paul R

    2014-11-01

    Academic technology transfer in its current form began with the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act in 1980, which allowed universities to retain ownership of federally funded intellectual property. Since that time, a profession has evolved that has transformed how inventions arising in universities are treated, resulting in significant impact to US society. While there have been a number of articles highlighting benefits of technology transfer, now, more than at any other time since the Bayh-Dole Act was passed, the profession and the impacts of this groundbreaking legislation have come under intense scrutiny. This article serves as an examination of the many positive benefits and evolution, both financial and intrinsic, provided by academic invention and technology transfer, summarized in Table 1.

  15. The HVAC Control Technology Making Energy Saving Compatible with Comfort

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    高木, 康夫; 米沢, 憲造; 村山, 大; 西村, 信孝; 花田, 雄一; 山崎, 謙一

    2010-01-01

    .... The method is mainly focused on the compatibility of energy savings and comfort. The energy saving is achieved through the next generation air handling unit that controls room humidity without energy loss and the optimal operation of HVAC...

  16. 'More health for the money': an analytical framework for access to health care through microfinance and savings groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Somen

    2014-10-01

    The main contributors to inequities in health relates to widespread poverty. Health cannot be achieved without addressing the social determinants of health, and the answer does not lie in the health sector alone. One of the potential pathways to address vulnerabilities linked to poverty, social exclusion, and empowerment of women is aligning health programmes with empowerment interventions linked to access to capital through microfinance and self-help groups. This paper presents a framework to analyse combined health and financial interventions through microfinance programmes in reducing barriers to access health care. If properly designed and ethically managed such integrated programmes can provide more health for the money spent on health care.

  17. Development of Technological Profiles for Transfer of Energy- and Resource Saving Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lysenko, V.S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the methodological foundations for the development of technological profiles for «System of Transfer of Energy- and Resource Saving Technologies». It is determined that a compliance with the methodology and standards of the European network «Relay Centers» (Innovation Relay Centers — IRC network, since 2008 — EEN, the Russian Technology Transfer Network RTTN and Uk rainian Technology Transfer Network UTTN is the main pri nciple of the development process of technological requests and offers.

  18. Businesses Find Savings in Combined Heat and Power Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    DALLAS - (Oct. 30, 2015) Businesses and organizations across the country are saving money and reducing their environmental footprint by using combined heat and power (CHP) technology in their buildings. These highly efficient systems simultaneously

  19. A policy model for diffusion of electricity saving technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heimdal, Sverre Inge; Bjoernstad, Even (Even Enova SF (Norway))

    2009-07-01

    This paper discusses an integrated model for information and marketing tools combined with various subsidy elements developed for achieving electricity savings and improved energy efficiency in the Norwegian residential sector. The model represents the framework within which current Norwegian policies within this field are based. A central element of the model is the way marketing and subsidy elements are combined in different phases of the market diffusion process of the relevant technologies, and how market distortions are sought minimized through criteria for entry and exit to the scheme. The paper further gives examples of applications of the model. In 2003 Norwegian parliament launched a one-shot Household Subsidy Programme for heating and efficiency technologies in the residential sector. The evaluation report of the subsidy scheme as well as the IEA national report on Norway in 2005 concluded that the subsidy scheme had been a great success. This programme was reinstated on a permanent basis in 2006, and the paper uses data from these programmes as illustrations to the theoretical model.

  20. Which health technologies should be funded? A prioritization framework based explicitly on value for money

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golan Ofra

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Deciding which health technologies to fund involves confronting some of the most difficult choices in medicine. As for other countries, the Israeli health system is faced each year with having to make these difficult decisions. The Public National Advisory Committee, known as ‘the Basket Committee’, selects new technologies for the basic list of health care that all Israelis are entitled to access, known as the ‘health basket’. We introduce a framework for health technology prioritization based explicitly on value for money that enables the main variables considered by decision-makers to be explicitly included. Although the framework’s exposition is in terms of the Basket Committee selecting new technologies for Israel’s health basket, we believe that the framework would also work well for other countries. Methods Our proposed prioritization framework involves comparing four main variables for each technology: 1. Incremental benefits, including ‘equity benefits’, to Israel’s population; 2. Incremental total cost to Israel’s health system; 3. Quality of evidence; and 4. Any additional ‘X-factors’ not elsewhere included, such as strategic or legal factors, etc. Applying methodology from multi-criteria decision analysis, the multiple dimensions comprising the first variable are aggregated via a points system. Results The four variables are combined for each technology and compared across the technologies in the ‘Value for Money (VfM Chart’. The VfM Chart can be used to identify technologies that are good value for money, and, given a budget constraint, to select technologies that should be funded. This is demonstrated using 18 illustrative technologies. Conclusions The VfM Chart is an intuitively appealing decision-support tool for helping decision-makers to focus on the inherent tradeoffs involved in health technology prioritization. Such deliberations can be performed in a systematic and transparent

  1. Energy Efficiency and Least-Cost Planning: The Best Way to Save Money and Reduce Energy Use in Hawaii

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mowris, Robert J.

    1990-05-21

    If the 500 MW geothermal project on the Big Island of Hawaii is developed as planned, the Wao Kele O Puna rain forest will be severely damaged or destroyed. If this happens the State will lose one of its most precious resources. It would be tragic for this to happen, since on a least-cost basis, the geothermal project does not make economic sense. Improving energy efficiency in the commercial and residential sectors of Hawaii can save about 500 MW of power at a cost of $700 million.

  2. Energy and cost saving results for advanced technology systems from the Cogeneration Technology Alternatives Study (CTAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagerman, G. D.; Barna, G. J.; Burns, R. K.

    1979-01-01

    An overview of the organization and methodology of the Cogeneration Technology Alternatives Study is presented. The objectives of the study were to identify the most attractive advanced energy conversion systems for industrial cogeneration applications in the future and to assess the advantages of advanced technology systems compared to those systems commercially available today. Advanced systems studied include steam turbines, open and closed cycle gas turbines, combined cycles, diesel engines, Stirling engines, phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells and thermionics. Steam turbines, open cycle gas turbines, combined cycles, and diesel engines were also analyzed in versions typical of today's commercially available technology to provide a base against which to measure the advanced systems. Cogeneration applications in the major energy consuming manufacturing industries were considered. Results of the study in terms of plant level energy savings, annual energy cost savings and economic attractiveness are presented for the various energy conversion systems considered.

  3. Spending more money, saving more lives? The relationship between avoidable mortality and healthcare spending in 14 countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heijink, Richard; Koolman, Xander; Westert, Gert P

    2013-06-01

    Healthcare expenditures rise as a share of GDP in most countries, raising questions regarding the value of further spending increases. Against this backdrop, we assessed the value of healthcare spending growth in 14 western countries between 1996 and 2006. We estimated macro-level health production functions using avoidable mortality as outcome measure. Avoidable mortality comprises deaths from certain conditions "that should not occur in the presence of timely and effective healthcare". We investigated the relationship between total avoidable mortality and healthcare spending using descriptive analyses and multiple regression models, focussing on within-country variation and growth rates. We aimed to take into account the role of potential confounders and dynamic effects such as time lags. Additionally, we explored a method to estimate macro-level cost-effectiveness. We found an average yearly avoidable mortality decline of 2.6-5.3% across countries. Simultaneously, healthcare spending rose between 1.9 and 5.9% per year. Most countries with above-average spending growth demonstrated above-average reductions in avoidable mortality. The regression models showed a significant association between contemporaneous and lagged healthcare spending and avoidable mortality. The time-trend, representing an exogenous shift of the health production function, reduced the impact of healthcare spending. After controlling for this time-trend and other confounders, i.e. demographic and socioeconomic variables, a statistically significant relationship between healthcare spending and avoidable mortality remained. We tentatively conclude that macro-level healthcare spending increases provided value for money, at least for the disease groups, countries and years included in this study.

  4. Seatbelt use to save money: Impact on hospital costs of occupants who are involved in motor vehicle crashes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Guang-Ming; Newmyer, Ashley; Qu, Ming

    2017-03-01

    Seatbelt use is the single most effective way to save lives in motor vehicle crashes (MVC). However, although safety belt laws have been enacted in many countries, seatbelt usage throughout the world remains below optimal levels, and educational interventions may be needed to further increase seatbelt use. In addition to reducing crash-related injuries and deaths, reduced medical expenditures resulting from seatbelt use are an additional benefit that could make such interventions cost-effective. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to estimate the correlation between seatbelt use and hospital costs of injuries involved in MVC. The data used in this study were from the Nebraska CODES database for motor vehicle crashes that occurred between 2004 and 2013. The hospital cost information and information about other factors were obtained by linking crash reports with hospital discharge data. A multivariable regression model was performed for the association between seatbelt use and hospital costs. Mean hospital costs were significantly lower among motor vehicle occupants using a lap-shoulder seatbelt ($2909), lap-only seatbelt ($2289), children's seatbelt ($1132), or booster ($1473) when compared with those not using any type of seatbelt ($7099). After adjusting for relevant factors, there were still significantly decreased hospital costs for motor vehicle occupants using a lap-shoulder seatbelt (84.7%), lap-only seatbelt (74.1%), shoulder-only seatbelt (40.6%), children's seatbelt (95.9%), or booster (82.8%) compared to those not using a seatbelt. Seatbelt use is significantly associated with reduced hospital costs among injured MVC occupants. The findings in this study will provide important educational information for emergency department nurses who can encourage safety belt use for vehicle occupants. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  5. Free Money!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    School library budgets are about as miserably low or nonexistent as many librarians have ever seen. The population of school librarians who have not just one, but "many" school libraries to manage is growing. Time and funds are short, and needs for books, programming, and technology are high. Grant money is out there for librarians, and the author…

  6. Free Money!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    School library budgets are about as miserably low or nonexistent as many librarians have ever seen. The population of school librarians who have not just one, but "many" school libraries to manage is growing. Time and funds are short, and needs for books, programming, and technology are high. Grant money is out there for librarians, and the author…

  7. 78 FR 18585 - Energy Technology Savings LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Energy Technology Savings LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial... notice in the above-referenced proceeding, of Energy Technology Savings LLC's application for...

  8. ELECTRONIC FUNDS TRANSFER IN MONEY LAUNDERING CRIME: REGULATION NEEDED IN RESPONSE TO MEETING OF TECHNOLOGY AND CRIME IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Go Lisanawati

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Advancements in information technology have affected modern society in numerous areas, including communication, education, commerce, and so on. These advancements have brought incredible benefits; they have also provided opportunities and motivation for various forms of crime. Information technology has also made crime highly profitable. Among the many types of criminal activities, modern technology has allowed money laundering to become an online crime. This new type of crime has raised some legal questions about the capability of national and international regulations in relation to current and upcoming issues. These include finding electronic funds transfer records after the fact, and determining money laundering activity that includes electronic funds transfer. Although Indonesia is an integral member of a community concerned with the interaction between technology and money laundering, it has not provided regulations to deal with the current and upcoming issues involving the crime of electronic money laundering. The increase in the amount of crime indicates the following series of techniques and mechanisms that had been detected in relation to money laundering activity. This research will examine current issues under the light of Indonesian regulations, and will put forward some proposals to close the legal vacuum.

  9. Timely data : Zedi's wellsite portal improves data timeliness, and could help save a lot of money

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budd, G.

    2009-12-15

    Zedi Inc. provides upstream gas producers with electronic flow measurement (EFM) devices. The recent integration of Zedi Access and Zedi TrueChart is expected to improve the timeliness of production data information flow for natural gas producers. Both systems operate on an automated basis and allow access to field chart and EFM data. The integration enables producers to include chart data in trending reports and data exports. The technology will ultimately deliver consolidated field-wide information throughout a producer via one web-based repository. AltaGas Income Trust, which is involved in natural gas extraction, transmission, field gathering and processing, power generation and wind energy, has acquired some months of experience with Zedi's integrated system. Among its operations is a gas plant at Sylvan Lake, Alberta. The new system gives companies the ability to provide quality assurance regarding measurements before accounting. 1 ref., 3 figs.

  10. Maximizing Residential Energy Savings: Net Zero Energy House (ZEH) Technology Pathways

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, R.; Roberts, D.

    2008-11-01

    To meet current U.S. Department of Energy zero-energy home performance goals, new technologies and solutions must increase whole-house efficiency savings by an additional 40% relative to those provided by best available components and systems.

  11. Determinants of agricultural water saving technology adoption: an empirical study of 10 provinces of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In recent years,China has been faced by an increasingly severe water shortage due to the continua growth of demand on water resources.Although the Chinese government has been actively promoting the agricultural water-saving technology adoption,it is ill-informed of the adoption degree of the current agricultural water saving technologies as well as the function of the governmental policies.Therefore,this paper analyzes the aforesaid problems based on investigative data of 10 provinces in China.The results demonstrate that although there is a rapid increase of adopted agricultural water-saving technologies,the actual adoption area is rather limited.Moreover,the governmental policies and scarcity of water resources are the determinants of agricultural water-saving technology adoption.Ultimately,the paper proposes some policy suggestions.

  12. Saving History and (Sometimes) Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Planning & Management, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Offers a sampling of historic preservation projects by school districts. Examples include New York City Public School 157; Edward Lee McClain High School in Greenfield, Ohio; Dillard High School in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; Melbourne High School in Melbourne, Florida; and Colonial High School in Orange County, Florida. (EV)

  13. Partnership Provides Tutoring, Saves Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korenman, Tamar; Knight, Eileen Quinn

    2010-01-01

    In the past, collaboration between universities and high schools has been limited to placing student teachers in a classroom to get acclimated to the teaching environment. Saint Xavier University wanted education students to develop their teaching skills in a deeper manner. A nearby high school, with many students from immigrant families, also had…

  14. Alternative Energy Saving Technology Analysis Report for Richland High School Renovation Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Bing

    2004-08-09

    On July 8, 2004, L&S Engineering, Inc. submitted a technical assistance request to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to help estimate the potential energy savings and cost effectiveness of the solar energy and daylighting design alternatives for Richland High School Renovation Project in Richland, WA. L&S Engineering expected PNNL to evaluate the potential energy savings and energy cost savings, the probable installation costs, incentives or grants to reduce the installed costs and simple payback for the following alternative measures: (1) Daylighting in New Gym; (2) Solar Photovoltaics; (3) Solar Domestic Hot Water Pre-Heat; and (4) Solar Outside Air Pre-Heat Following are the findings of the energy savings and cost-effectiveness analysis of above alternative energy saving technologies.

  15. Cost Savings Analysis Guidelines for Manufacturing Technology Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-28

    14 3.2.1 ’CHANGED COSTO SAMPLE PROJECT .................. .. 16 3.2.1.1 COST SAVINGS NARRATIVE ..................... 17 3.2.1.2 RECURRING COSTS...the Level II refurbishment techniques, develop additional Level III regrinding techniques, and produce a generic manual on bearing rework procedures...40 c L0 4) 10 4) ) 4-0 4 0C A 0~~ 0 10 4C C 4) I L.~1 0 f ) AU 1 .01 4S *~~C P;ir L 0I. 0 4) - 0 0IC C I-.C*12 IA Iii 0 0 0~~~ N b>v> *w .0 o a ab2 0

  16. Discussion about the standard system on urban domestic water saving technology in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shujun; REN Xiaoli; GAO Benhu

    2007-01-01

    Standard is the technical foundation of national economic and social development, and it is the basic rule of establishing social regulation.Researching and constituting the standard system of urban domestic water saving technology is to offer important science basis for revising standard plan and standardize research plan. This paper introduces the present situation of our urban domestic water saving technical standard system, problem and the development direction in the future, as well as project planning of constructing urban domestic water saving technical standard system.

  17. Technical Support Document: 50% Energy Savings Design Technology Packages for Highway Lodging Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Wei; Gowri, Krishnan; Lane, Michael D.; Thornton, Brian A.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Liu, Bing

    2009-09-28

    This Technical Support Document (TSD) describes the process, methodology and assumptions for development of the 50% Energy Savings Design Technology Packages for Highway Lodging Buildings, a design guidance document intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% energy savings in highway lodging properties over the energy-efficiency levels contained in ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.

  18. Subsidizing the Adoption of Energy-Saving Technologies: Analyzing the Impact of Uncertainty, Learning and Maturation

    OpenAIRE

    Groot, Henri de; van Soest, Daan; Mulder, Peter

    2004-01-01

    textabstractAs part of the Kyoto Protocol, many countries have committed themselves to substantially reduce the emission of greenhouse gases within a politically imposed time constraint. Investment subsidies can be an important instrument to stimulate the adoption of energy-saving technologies to achieve emission reduction targets. This paper addresses the impact of adoption subsidies on the amount of energy savings, taking into account both the endogenous and uncertain nature of technologica...

  19. Computer simulation and optimal designing of energy-saving technologies of the induction heating of metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demidovich, V. B.

    2012-12-01

    Advanced energy-saving technologies of induction heating of metals are discussed. The importance of the joint simulation of electromagnetic and temperature fields on induction heating is demonstrated. The package of specialized programs for simulating not only induction heating devices, but also technologies that employ industrial heating has been developed. An intimate connection between optimal design and control of induction heaters is shown.

  20. Returns on investments in energy-saving technologies under energy price uncertainty in Dutch greenhouse horticulture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Diederen, P.J.M.; Tongeren, van F.W.; Veen, van der H.B.

    2003-01-01

    Conventional net present value calculations evaluating the profitability of investments in energy-saving technologies in Dutch horticultural outlays predict a much higher rate of adoption of these technologies than is actually observed. This paper tries to explain this gap by applying a real options

  1. Energy and cost savings results for advanced technology systems from the Cogeneration Technology Alternatives Study /CTAS/

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagerman, G. D.; Barna, G. J.; Burns, R. K.

    1979-01-01

    The Cogeneration Technology Alternatives Study (CTAS), a program undertaken to identify the most attractive advanced energy conversion systems for industrial cogeneration applications in the 1985-2000 time period, is described, and preliminary results are presented. Two cogeneration options are included in the analysis: a topping application, in which fuel is input to the energy conversion system which generates electricity and waste heat from the conversion system is used to provide heat to the process, and a bottoming application, in which fuel is burned to provide high temperature process heat and waste heat from the process is used as thermal input to the energy conversion system which generates energy. Steam turbines, open and closed cycle gas turbines, combined cycles, diesel engines, Stirling engines, phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells and thermionics are examined. Expected plant level energy savings, annual energy cost savings, and other results of the economic analysis are given, and the sensitivity of these results to the assumptions concerning fuel prices, price of purchased electricity and the potential effects of regional energy use characteristics is discussed.

  2. Automation technology saves 30% energy; Automatisierungstechnik spart 30% Energie ein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klinkow, Torsten; Meyer, Michael [Wago Kontakttechnik GmbH und Co. KG, Minden (Germany)

    2013-04-01

    A systematic energy management is in more demand than ever in order to reduce the increasing energy costs. What used to be a difficult puzzle consisting of different technology components in the early days is today easier to solve by means of a standardized and cost-effective automation technology. With its IO system, Wago Kontakttechnik GmbH and Co. KG (Minden, Federal Republic of Germany) supplies a complete and coordinated portfolio for the energy efficiency.

  3. Savings, subgoals, and reference points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Colby

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Decision makers often save money for a specific goal by forgoing discretionary consumption and instead putting the money toward the savings goal. We hypothesized that reference points can be exploited to enhance this type of saving. In two hypothetical scenario studies, subjects made judgments of their likelihood to forgo a small expenditure in order to put the money toward the savings goal. In Experiment 1, judgments were higher if the savings goal was presented as composed of weekly subgoals (e.g., save $60 per week to buy a $180 iPod. Experiment 2 replicated this finding and demonstrated that the subgoal manipulation increased judgments of likelihood to save money only when the money saved from the foregone consumption would allow the decision maker to meet the weekly subgoal exactly (not under or overshoot it. These results suggest a reference point mechanism and point to ways that behavioral decision research can be harnessed to improve economic behaviors.

  4. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy SMARRT): Manufacturing Advanced Engineered Components Using Lost Foam Casting Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Littleton, Harry; Griffin, John

    2011-07-31

    This project was a subtask of Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy SMARRT) Program. Through this project, technologies, such as computer modeling, pattern quality control, casting quality control and marketing tools, were developed to advance the Lost Foam Casting process application and provide greater energy savings. These technologies have improved (1) production efficiency, (2) mechanical properties, and (3) marketability of lost foam castings. All three reduce energy consumption in the metals casting industry. This report summarizes the work done on all tasks in the period of January 1, 2004 through June 30, 2011. Current (2011) annual energy saving estimates based on commercial introduction in 2011 and a market penetration of 97% by 2020 is 5.02 trillion BTU's/year and 6.46 trillion BTU's/year with 100% market penetration by 2023. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in casting yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting and pouring of the metal which will be saved as a result of this technology. The average annual estimate of CO2 reduction per year through 2020 is 0.03 Million Metric Tons of Carbon Equivalent (MM TCE).

  5. Pocket Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰莹; 赵惠; 李世芹; 袁琳

    2007-01-01

    Do you get any poch’et money from your parents? What do you do with it?刘杰莹Pocket Money (1st Floor) I get some pocket money from Mom every day.But I never spend it casually.Except the money for breakfast,

  6. Factors Affecting Chinese Farmers' Decisions to Adopt a Water-Saving Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herzfeld, T.; Glauben, T.; Zhang, Y.; Hu, B.

    2008-01-01

    Chinese farm households (N = 240) were interviewed to understand some of the factors affecting their adoption of a water-saving technology called the Ground Cover Rice Production System (GCRPS). A logit model was established on the basis of a survey to estimate the determinants of adoption and to si

  7. Subsidizing the adoption of energy-saving technologies; Analyzing the impact of uncertainty, learning and maturation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.L.F. de Groot (Henri); D.P. van Soest (Daan); P. Mulder (Peter)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractAs part of the Kyoto Protocol, many countries have committed themselves to substantially reduce the emission of greenhouse gases within a politically imposed time constraint. Investment subsidies can be an important instrument to stimulate the adoption of energy-saving technologies to ac

  8. Factors Affecting Chinese Farmers' Decisions to Adopt a Water-Saving Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herzfeld, T.; Glauben, T.; Zhang, Y.; Hu, B.

    2008-01-01

    Chinese farm households (N = 240) were interviewed to understand some of the factors affecting their adoption of a water-saving technology called the Ground Cover Rice Production System (GCRPS). A logit model was established on the basis of a survey to estimate the determinants of adoption and to

  9. Wah Fung Knitters Is Accredited China's Model Textile Enterprise for Energy Saving and Emissions Reduction Technology%Wah Fung Knitters Is Accredited China's Model Textile Enterprise for Energy Saving and Emissions Reduction Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Wah Fung Knitters, one of the leasers of utilizing new production technology and improving production facilities to promote energy saving and environment protection in the knitting, dyeing and finishing industry, has been accredited for China's Model Textile Enterprise for Energy Saving and Emissions Reduction Technology.

  10. Daqing Petrochemical Adopted Technology of Agglomeration New Energy Saving Production%Daqing Petrochemical Adopted Technology of Agglomeration New Energy Saving Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    To reduce energy consumption of equipment and exhaust emission to the uttermost, Daqing Petrochemical Company has developed pre-agglomeration production flow successfully and confirmed an optimized energy-saving method of differential pressure agglomeration. For a long time, BR equipment of 80,000 tons per year in Daqing Petrochemical Company have been adopting general isobaric technology and elutriation method to separate polymer and solvent, which caused over 10 tons of steam per ton of rubber and restricted the energy conservation and emission reduction of the enterprise.

  11. Retrospective comparison of Traditional vs. LigaSure impact dissection during pancreatoduodenectomy: how to save money by using an expensive device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccinni, Giuseppe; Pasculli, Alessandro; D'Ambrosio, Erasmina; Gurrado, Angela; Lissidini, Germana; Testini, Mario

    2013-09-01

    Pancreatoduodenectomy is an exceptional procedure that requires an extensive dissection of the supramesocolic region extended to the first jejunal limb. Lymphadenectomy, required for cancer, increases the dissection surface. The extensive preparation of the area is traditionally conducted with bipolar ormonopolar instruments, while clips, ligatures, and sutures are used for haemostasis. LigaSure™ vessel sealing(LSVS; Valleylab, Boulder, CO) is a technology that obtains vessel closure by using the body's own collagen and elastin to create a permanent fusion zone. This is obtained by a combination of forceps pressure and radio frequency. This effect has been improved by the introduction of the Force Triad™ (Valleylab, Boulder,CO) energy platform, controlled by TissueFect™ (Valleylab, Boulder, CO) sensing technology. With this device, the surgeon is able to fuse vessels up to 7 mm, lymphatics, tissue bundles, and pulmonary vasculature in a fast-seal cycle of almost 4 seconds. In our daily practice of open surgery we observe a rapid improvement of abdominal drainage output with a drastic reduction of protein loss. Its practical significance is, in our opinion, that we obtain a rapid recovery of normal serum protein levels with a low number of blood/plasmasac transfusions and a real improvement of anastomosis healing. Moreover, the efficacy and the speed of work of the device allow us to reduce the operating time significantly but safely. We performed a retrospective analysis of the data of 20 pancreatic resections conducted both with traditional dissection and with the Liga-Sure Impact device with Force Triad platform in order to verify whether observed data were real. Our clinical results show that the use of the LigaSure Impact device with Force Triad energy platform is really useful in open surgery to save operating time, number of postoperative days, and hemoderivate administration.

  12. Money on Your Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Julie

    2008-01-01

    In today's economic climate, Americans must find creative ways to do more with less. School and university administrators are challenged with stretching budgets to compensate for the increased costs of construction, maintenance and operations. Furniture is a tempting place to save money. It is one of the last things put in place in a construction…

  13. Analyzing the Life Cycle Energy Savings of DOE Supported Buildings Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cort, Katherine A.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.

    2009-08-31

    This report examines the factors that would potentially help determine an appropriate analytical timeframe for measuring the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Technology (BT) benefits and presents a summary-level analysis of the life cycle savings for BT’s Commercial Buildings Integration (CBI) R&D program. The energy savings for three hypothetical building designs are projected over a 100-year period using Building Energy Analysis and Modeling System (BEAMS) to illustrate the resulting energy and carbon savings associated with the hypothetical aging buildings. The report identifies the tasks required to develop a long-term analytical and modeling framework, and discusses the potential analytical gains and losses by extending an analysis into the “long-term.”

  14. Cost savings deliverables and criteria for the OST technology decision process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCown, A.

    1997-04-01

    This document has been prepared to assist focus area (FA) technical and management teams in understanding the cost savings deliverables associated with a technology system during its research and development (R and D) phases. It discusses the usefulness of cost analysis in the decision-making process, and asserts that the level of confidence and data quality of a cost analysis is proportional to the maturity of the technology system`s development life cycle. Suggestions of specific investment criteria or cost savings metrics that a FA might levy on individual research projects are made but the final form of these elements should be stipulated by the FA management based on their rationale for a successful technology development project. Also, cost savings deliverables for a single FA will be more detailed than those for management of the Office of Science and Technology (OST). For example, OST management may want an analysis of the overall return on investment for each FA, while the FA program manager may want this analysis and the return on investment metrics for each technology research activity the FA supports.

  15. Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Non-Vapor-Compression HVAC Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2014-03-01

    While vapor-compression technologies have served heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) needs very effectively, and have been the dominant HVAC technology for close to 100 years, the conventional refrigerants used in vapor-compression equipment contribute to global climate change when released to the atmosphere. This Building Technologies Office report: --Identifies alternatives to vapor-compression technology in residential and commercial HVAC applications --Characterizes these technologies based on their technical energy savings potential, development status, non-energy benefits, and other factors affecting end-user acceptance and their ability to compete with conventional vapor-compression systems --Makes specific research, development, and deployment (RD&D) recommendations to support further development of these technologies, should DOE choose to support non-vapor-compression technology further.

  16. Study into the feasibility of manufacturing liquid glass using resource-saving technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mizyuryaev Sergey

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors’ views on the problem of resource-saving in the production of building materials are outlined, with three main modes of resource-saving indicated: the use of cheap raw materials, a reduction in the production costs, and an increase in the efficiency of the produced materials and products. The research provides information on the production and use of liquid glass in industry, including the construction industry. The theoretical substantiation of the possibility of developing a resource-saving technology for the production of liquid glass for construction purposes is given. The work provides information on promising alternative raw material components - diatomite, natural rock and black ash, industrial waste. Their properties are given as well as the justification of their effective use as raw materials. The method of preparation of the components and their mixtures, the preparation of sodium silicate through roasting, and the identification of the suitability of the obtained product for the manufacture of efficient building materials are described. Conclusions are made in regards to the feasibility of producing liquid glass using resource-saving technology.

  17. MODERN RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES IN FOUNDRY PRODUCTION OF JSC «MINSK TRAKTOR PLANT»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. A. Domotenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In article the main world tendencies of development of the production technology of sandy cores and value of this production in complex technology of manufacture of castings are considered. It is established that the most rational way of production technically and economically is manufacture of wafer sandy cores using the Cold-box-amin technology. Scientific, technical, technological and economic aspects of modernization of foundry production of JSC MTZ with complete transition to production of sandy cores on the resource-saving Cold-box-amin technology are provided. The main distinctive feature of this reequipment – all planned works are based on the domestic technological developments and the equipment created in the cooperation by specialists of JSC BELNIILIT and JSC MTZ. Within GNTP essential support to the provided works was given by the state.

  18. Money laundering

    OpenAIRE

    Kryvosheieva, Ganna

    2017-01-01

    The thesis deals with evaluation of ant-money laundering effectiveness. In theoretical part money laundering, FATF (Financial Ask Task Force) and AML(anti-money laundering) are defined. Practical part concentrates on the biggest scandals of the latest years and assessment of AML effectiveness. Based on this evaluation, weak places in AML mechanisms were identified. Additionally, tools of AML improvement were determined.

  19. Development and Prospects for Energy Saving Technology in Oil & Gas Fields, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Youwang; Yu Jiqing; Lin Ran; Zhu Yingru; Liu Feijun

    2010-01-01

    @@ Current state of energy saving technology in China's oil and gas fields System optimization To optimize the oil-gas field surface engineering system is critical to improve the efficiency of oil and gas field system.To adapt to the changes in development of old oil and gas fields, all oilfields are adjusted and reconstructed;a set of optimized and simplified modes and technical measures are developed.

  20. Assessment of practices and technologies of energy saving and renewable energy sources in hotels in Crete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zografakis, Nikolaos [Regional Energy Agency of Crete, Region of Crete, 71202 Heraklion (Greece); Gillas, Konstantinos; Pollaki, Antrianna; Profylienou, Maroulitsa; Bounialetou, Fanouria [Department of Economics, University of Crete, University Campus, 74100 Rethymno (Greece); Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi (Greece)

    2011-05-15

    This study aims to assess the state of the art of practices and technologies of energy saving and renewable energy sources in hotels. This will contribute to determining the potential of efficient and sustainable energy technologies integration. Hotel managers were interviewed face to face and information sessions were provided. Special energy and environmental awareness campaigns, sectoral tourism programs for climate change mitigation and adaptation, supportive policies and hotel energy investments and renovation programs are some recommendations elicited from the results of this study. (author)

  1. Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Final Summary Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, Thornton C [SCRA Appiled R& D

    2014-03-31

    Energy-Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT) is a balanced portfolio of R&D tasks that address energy-saving opportunities in the metalcasting industry. E-SMARRT was created to: • Improve important capabilities of castings • Reduce carbon footprint of the foundry industry • Develop new job opportunities in manufacturing • Significantly reduce metalcasting process energy consumption and includes R&D in the areas of: • Improvements in Melting Efficiency • Innovative Casting Processes for Yield Improvement/Revert Reduction • Instrumentation and Control Improvement • Material properties for Casting or Tooling Design Improvement The energy savings and process improvements developed under E-SMARRT have been made possible through the unique collaborative structure of the E-SMARRT partnership. The E-SMARRT team consisted of DOE’s Office of Industrial Technology, the three leading metalcasting technical associations in the U.S: the American Foundry Society; the North American Die Casting Association; and the Steel Founders’ Society of America; and SCRA Applied R&D, doing business as the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), a recognized leader in distributed technology management. This team provided collaborative leadership to a complex industry composed of approximately 2,000 companies, 80% of which employ less than 100 people, and only 4% of which employ more than 250 people. Without collaboration, these new processes and technologies that enable energy efficiencies and environment-friendly improvements would have been slow to develop and had trouble obtaining a broad application. The E-SMARRT R&D tasks featured low-threshold energy efficiency improvements that are attractive to the domestic industry because they do not require major capital investment. The results of this portfolio of projects are significantly reducing metalcasting process energy consumption while improving the important capabilities of metalcastings. Through June

  2. Using Technology to Control Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Simon; Schoenberg, Doug; Richards, Dan; Morath, Michael

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors examines the use of technology to control costs in the child care industry. One of these technology solutions is Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). SaaS solutions can help child care providers save money in many aspects of center management. In addition to cost savings, SaaS solutions are also particularly appealing to…

  3. Doing more with less: while hospitals are feeling the financial crunch, smart CIOs are finding ways to improve processes and save money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Kate Huvane

    2009-02-01

    Outsourcing tasks like help desk support and PC roll-outs can enable organizations to save on costs while developing skills internally. CIOs are finding that some vendors are willing to negotiate contracts to retain business during tough financial times. Although funds may be tight, CIOs need to be part of the solution by pushing clinical transformation and performance improvement.

  4. Prescription Program Provides Significant Savings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowan, James M.

    2010-01-01

    Most school districts today are looking for ways to save money without decreasing services to its staff. Retired pharmacist Tim Sylvester, a lifelong resident of Alpena Public Schools in Alpena, Michigan, presented the district with a pharmaceuticals plan that would save the district money without raising employee co-pays for prescriptions. The…

  5. Preliminary Weight Savings Estimate for a Commercial Transport Wing Using Rod-Stiffened Stitched Composite Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovejoy, Andrew E.

    2015-01-01

    A structural concept called pultruded rod stitched efficient unitized structure (PRSEUS) was developed by the Boeing Company to address the complex structural design aspects associated with a pressurized hybrid wing body (HWB) aircraft configuration. While PRSEUS was an enabling technology for the pressurized HWB structure, limited investigation of PRSEUS for other aircraft structures, such as circular fuselages and wings, has been done. Therefore, a study was undertaken to investigate the potential weight savings afforded by using the PRSEUS concept for a commercial transport wing. The study applied PRSEUS to the Advanced Subsonic Technology (AST) Program composite semi-span test article, which was sized using three load cases. The initial PRSEUS design was developed by matching cross-sectional stiffnesses for each stringer/skin combination within the wing covers, then the design was modified to ensure that the PRSEUS design satisfied the design criteria. It was found that the PRSEUS wing design exhibited weight savings over the blade-stiffened composite AST Program wing of nearly 9%, and a weight savings of 49% and 29% for the lower and upper covers, respectively, compared to an equivalent metallic wing.

  6. Research on Energy-saving Technology of Crank Balanced Pumping Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Ziming

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to saving energy and emission reduction, a secondary balance technology was used to reform the conventional beam pumping unit. The output torque from the reduction gearbox of conventional beam pumping units is usually characterized by its periodic drastic changes. Based on the idea of "cutting peak and filling valley" and the theory of the Fourier series expansion for torque curve, the second balance device is designed in order to slow down the fluctuations in the torque curve. The second balance device, with the similar balance principle to the crank balance, is connected to the output shaft of the reduction gearbox and can further reduce torque fluctuation rate and peak torque. Field test result of the secondary balance device shows that the Root-Mean-Square (RMS torque is decreased by 22.7% and the energy-saving rate of motor reaches 6.54%.

  7. Solar thermal technology development: Estimated market size and energy cost savings. Volume 1: Executive summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, W. R.

    1983-01-01

    Estimated future energy cost savings associated with the development of cost-competitive solar thermal technologies (STT) are discussed. Analysis is restricted to STT in electric applications for 16 high-insolation/high-energy-price states. The fuel price scenarios and three 1990 STT system costs are considered, reflecting uncertainty over future fuel prices and STT cost projections. STT R&D is found to be unacceptably risky for private industry in the absence of federal support. Energy cost savings were projected to range from $0 to $10 billion (1990 values in 1981 dollars), dependng on the system cost and fuel price scenario. Normal R&D investment risks are accentuated because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) cartel can artificially manipulate oil prices and undercut growth of alternative energy sources. Federal participation in STT R&D to help capture the potential benefits of developing cost-competitive STT was found to be in the national interest.

  8. Solar thermal technology development: Estimated market size and energy cost savings. Volume 1: Executive summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, W. R.

    1983-02-01

    Estimated future energy cost savings associated with the development of cost-competitive solar thermal technologies (STT) are discussed. Analysis is restricted to STT in electric applications for 16 high-insolation/high-energy-price states. The fuel price scenarios and three 1990 STT system costs are considered, reflecting uncertainty over future fuel prices and STT cost projections. STT R&D is found to be unacceptably risky for private industry in the absence of federal support. Energy cost savings were projected to range from $0 to $10 billion (1990 values in 1981 dollars), dependng on the system cost and fuel price scenario. Normal R&D investment risks are accentuated because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) cartel can artificially manipulate oil prices and undercut growth of alternative energy sources. Federal participation in STT R&D to help capture the potential benefits of developing cost-competitive STT was found to be in the national interest.

  9. Solar Lighting Technologies for Highway Green Rest Areas in China: Energy Saving Economic and Environmental Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaochun Qin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, taking Lushan West Sea highway green rest area in Jiangxi Province of China as the case study, the suitable types, applicability, advantages, and effective methods of solar lighting technologies for highway rest area were determined based on the analysis of characteristics of highway green rest area. It was proved that solar lighting technologies including the natural light guidance system, solar LED lighting, and maximizing natural light penetration were quite suitable for highway rest area in terms of lighting effects and energy and economic efficiency. The illuminance comparison of light guidance system with electrical lighting was made based on the on-site experiment. Also, the feasibility of natural light guidance system was well verified in terms of the lighting demand of the visitor centre in the rest area by the illuminance simulation analysis. The evaluation of the energy saving, economic benefits, and environmental effects of solar lighting technologies for highway rest area was, respectively, made in detail. It was proved that the application of solar technology for green lighting of highway rest facilities not only could have considerable energy saving capacity and achieve high economic benefits, but also make great contributions to the reduction of environment pollution.

  10. Selected bibliography: cost and energy savings of conservation and renewable energy technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-05-01

    This bibliography is a compilation of reports on the cost and energy savings of conservation and renewable energy applications throughout the United States. It is part of an overall effort to inform utilities of technological developments in conservation and renewable energy technologies and so aid utilities in their planning process to determine the most effective and economic combination of capital investments to meet customer needs. Department of Energy assessments of the applications, current costs and cost goals for the various technologies included in this bibliography are presented. These assessments are based on analyses performed by or for the respective DOE Program Offices. The results are sensitive to a number of variables and assumptions; however, the estimates presented are considered representative. These assessments are presented, followed by some conclusions regarding the potential role of the conservation and renewable energy alternative. The approach used to classify the bibliographic citations and abstracts is outlined.

  11. Saving for delivery through technology: an inquiry into an electronic commitment savings product for maternal healthcare in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bastelaer, Thierry; Woodman, Benjamin; Chatterji, Minki; Long, David

    2016-10-01

    Many women in low-income countries cannot afford maternal healthcare services. Changamka, a Kenyan company, developed an electronic, stored-value card to help pregnant women save for maternal healthcare at a Nairobi hospital. This paper reports results from a mixed-methods process evaluation of the card's implementation. The study found high levels of uptake and identified several benefits of the program, such as facilitating payment for services. The evaluation also identified several challenges. Most users completed only one transaction before discontinuing card use; only 6% of women who acquired the card used it to pay for delivery, and slightly less than 1% used it as it was originally intended-to pay for several antenatal care visits and for delivery. According to respondents, the main reason for this discontinuation was a lack of understanding about how to use the card. Users were, on average, of a higher socioeconomic and educational status than non-card users. Most users obtained the card in their third trimester, and among those who used the card to save for delivery, most started to do so too late in pregnancy to accumulate sufficient savings to pay for that service. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  12. Possibilities for saving energy in ferrous metallurgy: Integration of technological processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailov Emil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the main factors having a significant effect on fuel and energy saving in the production of rolled ferrous metals is matching the operation of the continuous casting machines (CCM with that of the reheating furnaces so called “continuous technologies” in the form of “direct rolling” or “hot charging”. In order to investigate the heat exchange processes, the opportunities for enhancing the energy efficiency and determining the optimal parameters of the flat product production process in ferrous metallurgy, some mathematical models of metal solidification and cooling in a continuous steel casting machine were determined as well as a mathematical model of metal heating in the reheating furnaces. For efficient implementation of such technologies one common algorithm was built on the basis of the individual mathematical models, representing the continuous casting - rolling mill complex control technology, dynamically matching the operation of the individual units to the actual production conditions in on-line mode. The developed algorithm can be used as part of a system for analyzing the thermal condition of the blocks at any single moment for the purpose of optimization of the units’ operation within the whole technological process. As a conclusion, considering the original developed algorithm, a 21-51% energy saving was noticed.

  13. Heat savings and heat generation technologies: Modelling of residential investment behaviour with local health costs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zvingilaite, Erika; Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    their primary heating source with secondary heating e.g. a woodstove. This choice results in increased indoor air pollution with fine particles causing health effects. We integrate health cost due to use of woodstoves into household optimisation of heating expenditures. The results show that due...... heating comfort is minimised. The private solution may deviate from the socio-economical optimal solution and we suggest changes to policy to incentivise the individuals to make choices more in line with the socio-economic optimal mix of energy savings and technologies. The households can combine...

  14. Modern approaches to formation health-saving technologies in the sports training of young athletes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashuba V.A.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Generalization of theoretical knowledges in area of the use of technologies saving and correctings a health in the process of preparation of young sportsmen is conducted. The necessity of revision of going is marked near organization of process of preparation of sportsmen. Contradictions between increasing requirements to preparedness of young sportsmen and limited functional possibilities of their growing organism are considered. The ways of removal of failings in physical development and preparedness of sportsmen are rotined. The pedagogical aspects of increase of interest to employments by physical exercises are selected.

  15. Money Laundering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsingou, Eleni

    2014-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of the role of the European Union in the emergence, consolidation and development of the governance of money laundering. In particular, it identifies three sets of factors that explain the role of the European Union in the global Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regime...

  16. Young Money

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roelsgaard Obling, Anne

    2015-01-01

    Book review of: Kevin Roose: "Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street's Post-Crash Recruits". New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2014. 320 pp.......Book review of: Kevin Roose: "Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street's Post-Crash Recruits". New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2014. 320 pp....

  17. Money Laundering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsingou, Eleni

    2014-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of the role of the European Union in the emergence, consolidation and development of the governance of money laundering. In particular, it identifies three sets of factors that explain the role of the European Union in the global Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regime...

  18. Energy for consumers. How to save money and get your share. 2. ed.; Energie fuer Verbraucher. So sparen Sie Geld und kommen zu Ihrem guten Recht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peters, Aribert; Holling, Leonora

    2012-08-15

    The deregulation of the energy market has changed the rules for utilities and consumers. Consumers may save up to 500 Euros per annum by changing over to a less costly provider, and those who do not change over need not accept price increases decided by the utility. The book describes the steps to be take for a consumer who wants to come into his own. In alphabetic order, all aspects of power supply are explained. The text is supplemented by information on how to save energy and how socially disadvantaged consumers can apply for state funds. With its many examples and form letters, the book is indispensable for all consumers of energy. [German] Seit der Liberalisierung des Energiemarkts gelten neue Spielregeln zwischen Verbrauchern und Energieversorgern. So kann jeder Verbraucher bis zu 500 Euro pro Jahr sparen, wenn er jaehrlich zum jeweils guenstigsten Anbieter wechselt. Wer seinem bisherigen Energielieferanten treu bleibt, braucht dessen Preiserhoehungen nicht widerspruchslos hinnehmen. Welche Spielregeln man dabei beachten muss, wird in diesem Buch beschrieben. Darin wird von A wie Anschluss ans Energienetz ueber V wie Versorgungssperre bis Z wie Zahlungsunfaehigkeit alles erklaert, was der muendige Energieverbraucher wissen muss. Energiespartipps und Hinweise auf staatliche Unterstuetzungen fuer sozial Benachteiligte runden den umfangreichen Ratgeber ab. Zahlreiche Beispiele und Musterschreiben machen das Werk zu einer unentbehrlichen Hilfe fuer jeden Energieverbraucher.

  19. Saving energy and money with high technology and brains; Energie und Geld sparen mit Hightech und Koepfchen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehmkuhl, Volker; Lepper, Rolf (comps.)

    2012-07-01

    In times of rapidly rising energy prices, investments pay off more quickly. Under this aspect, the special magazine Oeko-Test under consideration presents different contributions to the following themes: (a) Self-made energy turnaround; (b) Utilization of solar energy; (c) Energy is not used at all; (d) Installation of modern heating systems.

  20. Saving for Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡文莎

    2009-01-01

    阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。(注意问题后的词数要求) Learning to save money when you're young is an important lesson. All good lessons and habits begin early, and saving is a skill that everyone needs. Many people--adults included--do not have a good sense of saving for the long run.

  1. SOME AGRICULTURAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ENERGY SAVING PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES OF MAIZE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K TAKÁCS-GYÖRGY

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The performance parameters, energetic characteristics and cost factors of direct drilling were evaluated by longterm trials carried out in Osztopán and Gödöllő regions. The effect of direct drilling, disking, ploughing, and soil loosening combined with disking and ploughing on the soil conditions, yields and cost factors was evaluated and based on the examination results. The economic comparisons were done by gross margin analyses of various technologies. Reducing the number of field applications is limited by the risk of soil compactions and weed infestations. From an economic part of view cost saving aspects of the various cultivation methods mentioned above cannot be justified in comparison with the ploughing methods. The lowest gross margin value was 61.79 EUR t-1, direct drilling and the highest was 67.34 EUR t-1, with ploughing but it was due to the great difference between the yield as well (6.89 and 4.03 t.ha-1. The results we achieved during our research are valid only in the given conditions, they could be recalculated and complemented under other soil and agro-ecological conditions. Our purpose was to emphasise the necessity of economical calculations before making decisions on changing technology. Our suggestion is: combined application of the traditional and energy saving methods, regarding the local conditions as well.

  2. Making Money from Making Money

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Macfarlane, Laurie; Ryan-Collins, Josh; Bjerg, Ole

    Who has control over the supply of new money and what benefits does it bring? There is now widespread acceptance that in modern economies, commercial banks, rather than the central bank or state, create the majority of the money supply. This report examines ‘seigniorage’ – the profits...

  3. Money and quasi-money

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. CESARANO

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the definition of monetary aggregates has had a leading role in the debate on money in the sixties and the first half of the seventies. The problems associated with the relationship between money and quasi-money has important implications for various fundamental aspects of monetary theory and monetary policy. In Italy, for reasons related to the peculiar institutional framework, the issue in question has not received much attention. Only recently, as a result of the diffusion of money market instruments, have many parties raised the question regarding the inclusion of these instruments in the definition of the stock of money. After explaining the nature of the problem, the present work provides an empirical analysis of the issue.

  4. The use of generic drugs in prevention of chronic disease is far more cost-effective than thought, and may save money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrank, William H; Choudhry, Niteesh K; Liberman, Joshua N; Brennan, Troyen A

    2011-07-01

    In this article we highlight the important role that medication therapy can play in preventing disease and controlling costs. Focusing on coronary artery disease, we demonstrate that prevention, with the appropriate use of generic medications, appears far more cost-effective than previously documented, and it may even save on costs. For example, an earlier study estimated that reducing blood pressure to widely established clinical guidelines in nondiabetic patients cost an estimated $52,983 per quality-adjusted life-year if a brand-name drug was used. However, we estimate that the cost is just $7,753 per quality-adjusted life-year at generic medication prices. As the nation attempts to find strategies to improve population health without adding to the unsustainably high cost of care, policy makers should focus on ensuring that patients have access to essential generic medications.

  5. The manufacture of generic replicas of implants for arthroplasty of the hip and knee: is it regulated and will it save money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atrey, A; Heylen, S; Gosling, O; Porteous, M J L; Haddad, F S

    2016-07-01

    Joint replacement of the hip and knee remain very satisfactory operations. They are, however, expensive. The actual manufacturing of the implant represents only 30% of the final cost, while sales and marketing represent 40%. Recently, the patents on many well established and successful implants have expired. Companies have started producing and distributing implants that purport to replicate existing implants with good long-term results. The aims of this paper are to assess the legality, the monitoring and cost saving implications of such generic implants. We also assess how this might affect the traditional orthopaedic implant companies. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:892-900. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  6. Money Laundering

    OpenAIRE

    Kocur, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Money laundering is marginalized phenomenon with high social impact which comes from necessary connection of this activity with illegal activities, especially organized crime. Since the goal of almost every illegal activity is to create profit (and since the biggest profit comes from the activities which are highly dangerous for the society, such as drug trafficking) it is vital for the society to fight money laundering effectively. It is in the best interest of the whole society to fight thi...

  7. Money Talk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Catherine; Addis; 张庆森

    2000-01-01

    Money makes the world go round is anold saying. However, some people are better atmanaging their finances than others. Unfortu-nately, especially these days, there seem to bemany people in Britain who are up to theireyes (or ears) in debt-they owe so muchmoney that, figuratively, their debts, piled up,would come up to their heads. People who owe money are sometimesdescribed as being down on their uppers-being in reduced, poor circumstances(this is a

  8. Making Money from Making Money

    OpenAIRE

    Macfarlane, Laurie; Ryan-Collins, Josh; Bjerg, Ole; Nielsen, Rasmus; McCann, Duncan

    2017-01-01

    Who has control over the supply of new money and what benefits does it bring? There is now widespread acceptance that in modern economies, commercial banks, rather than the central bank or state, create the majority of the money supply. This report examines ‘seigniorage’ – the profits that are generated through the creation of money. We show that in the UK, commercial bank seigniorage profits amount to a hidden annual subsidy of £23 billion, representing 73% of banks’ profits after prov...

  9. Making Money from Making Money

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Macfarlane, Laurie; Ryan-Collins, Josh; Bjerg, Ole

    Who has control over the supply of new money and what benefits does it bring? There is now widespread acceptance that in modern economies, commercial banks, rather than the central bank or state, create the majority of the money supply. This report examines ‘seigniorage’ – the profits...... that are generated through the creation of money. We show that in the UK, commercial bank seigniorage profits amount to a hidden annual subsidy of £23 billion, representing 73% of banks’ profits after provisions and taxes....

  10. Power Saving Strategies and Technologies in Network Equipment Opportunities and Challenges, Risk and Rewards

    CERN Document Server

    Ceuppens, Luc; Kharitonov, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Drawing from todays best-in-class solutions, we identify power-saving strategies that have succeeded in the past and look forward to new ideas and paradigms. We strongly believe that designing energy-efficient network equipment can be compared to building sports cars, task-oriented, focused and fast. However, unlike track-bound sports cars, ultra-fast and purpose-built silicon yields better energy efficiency when compared to more generic family sedan designs that mitigate go-to-market risks by being the masters of many tasks. Thus, we demonstrate that the best opportunities for power savings come via protocol simplification, best-of-breed technology, and silicon and software optimization, to achieve the least amount of processing necessary to move packets. We also look to the future of networking from a new angle, where energy efficiency and environmental concerns are viewed as fundamental design criteria and forces that need to be harnessed to continually create more powerful networking equipment.

  11. Technology Adoption by Small and Medium Businesses : Experimental Evidence from Mobile Money in Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalton, Patricio; Pamuk, Haki; van Soest, Daan; Ramrattan, R.; Uras, Burak

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports the results from a field experiment conducted in Kenya to investigate the adoption determinants of a profitable financial technology by small and medium sized enterprizes (SMEs). We offered a randomly selected sample of restaurants and pharmacies the possibility to sign up, on the

  12. Office technology energy use and savings potential in New York. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piette, M.A., Cramer, M., Eto, J., Koomey, J.

    1995-06-01

    This report discusses energy use by office equipment in New York State and the energy savings potential of energy-efficient equipment. A model containing equipment densities and energy-use characteristics for major categories of office equipment has been developed. The model specifies power requirements and hours of use for three modes of average operation for each device: active, standby, and suspend. The energy-use intensity for each device is expressed as a function of the average device density (number of units/1,000 sq ft), the hours of operation in each mode, and the average power requirements in each mode. Output includes an estimate of total energy use (GWh) for each device by building type. Three scenarios are developed. First is a business-as-usual efficiency baseline. Second is a future with increased use of power-managed devices projected under the current Energy Star Computers program sponsored by the US EPA. Third is a scenario that examines energy savings from greater use of products that go well beyond the standard Energy Star products. A series of sensitivity analyses were conducted to explore uncertainties in model inputs. The business-as-usual baseline forecast confirms that office equipment energy use has been rising over the past decade, and may continue to increase for the next decade and beyond. Office equipment currently consumes about 2,900 GWh/year in the State of New York. Under the business-as-usual baseline forecast, this load may increase to 3,300 GWh/year by the year 2000, and approximately double again before 2010. Widespread use of power management technologies adopted with the promotion of the Energy Star program could reduce this load growth by about 30% by the year 2000. Use of more advanced energy-efficient technology could reduce total energy use by office equipment to about 1,900 GWh/year in 2010, which is less than current consumption.

  13. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Mechanical Performance of Dies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Allen Miller, Principal Investigator; Kabiri-Bamoradian, Contributors: Khalil; Delgado-Garza, Abelardo; Murugesan, Karthik; Ragab, Adham

    2011-09-13

    provided to NADCA for distribution to the industry. Power law based meta-models for predicting machine tie bar loading and for predicting maximum parting surface separation were successfully developed and tested against simulation results for a wide range of machines and experimental data. The models proved to be remarkably accurate, certainly well within the requirements for practical application. In addition to making die structural modeling more accessible, the work advanced the state-of-the-art by developing improved modeling of cavity pressure effects, which is typically modeled as a hydrostatic boundary condition, and performing a systematic analysis of the influence of ejector die design variables on die deflection and parting plane separation. This cavity pressure modeling objective met with less than complete success due to the limits of current finite element based fluid structure interaction analysis methods, but an improved representation of the casting/die interface was accomplished using a combination of solid and shell elements in the finite element model. This approximation enabled good prediction of final part distortion verified with a comprehensive evaluation of the dimensions of test castings produced with a design experiment. An extra deliverable of the experimental work was development of high temperature mechanical properties for the A380 die casting alloy. The ejector side design objective was met and the results were incorporated into the metamodels described above. This new technology was predicted to result in an average energy savings of 2.03 trillion BTU's/year over a 10 year period. Current (2011) annual energy saving estimates over a ten year period, based on commercial introduction in 2009, a market penetration of 70% by 2014 is 4.26 trillion BTU's/year by 2019. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in casting yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting

  14. 船舶推进中的节能技术研究%Energy-saving technology in ship propulsion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘志远; 周兰喜

    2011-01-01

    Energy-saving technology in ship propulsion is a common key topic in the field of both ship building and operation. From the views of structure attachments and propulsion system equipment, this paper presents energy saving technologies in detail. Moreover, it analyses the principle and energy saving effect of semi-duct and rudder bulb-fin. Also, it demonstrates various energy saving technologies including main engine type decision deceleration navigation,waste heat recovery,and shaft generator configuration. It is helpful for ship energy-saving design.%船舶推进中的节能技术研究是航运界和造船业共同关注的重要话题.文中研究了如何从设置船体附加物和改进动力装置两方面来实现推进节能;分析了通过半导流罩和舵附推力鳍设置来提高推进效率的原理及实船节能效果;并通过主机选型、降速航行、废热回收、轴带发电机配置等技术的实船应用,论证了各项技术的节能效果,对开拓船舶节能设计思路具有帮助.

  15. Electronic Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling, Tim

    Thirty years ago a cashless society was predicted for the near future; paper currency and checks would be an antiquated symbol of the past. Consumers would embrace a new alternative for making payments: electronic money. But currency is still used for 87% of payments, mainly for "nickel and dime" purchases. And checks are the payment…

  16. Developing Information on Energy Savings and Associated Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficient Emerging Technologies Applicable in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Tengfang; Slaa, Jan Willem; Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-12-15

    Implementation and adoption of efficient end-use technologies have proven to be one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout the industries. In many cases, implementing energy efficiency measures is among one of the most cost effective investments that the industry could make in improving efficiency and productivity while reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Over the years, there have been incentives to use resources and energy in a cleaner and more efficient way to create industries that are sustainable and more productive. With the working of energy programs and policies on GHG inventory and regulation, understanding and managing the costs associated with mitigation measures for GHG reductions is very important for the industry and policy makers around the world and in California. Successful implementation of applicable emerging technologies not only may help advance productivities, improve environmental impacts, or enhance industrial competitiveness, but also can play a significant role in climate-mitigation efforts by saving energy and reducing the associated GHG emissions. Developing new information on costs and savings benefits of energy efficient emerging technologies applicable in California market is important for policy makers as well as the industries. Therefore, provision of timely evaluation and estimation of the costs and energy savings potential of emerging technologies applicable to California is the focus of this report. The overall goal of the project is to identify and select a set of emerging and under-utilized energy-efficient technologies and practices as they are important to reduce energy consumption in industry while maintaining economic growth. Specifically, this report contains the results from performing Task 3 Technology Characterization for California Industries for the project titled Research Opportunities in Emerging and Under-Utilized Energy-Efficient Industrial Technologies, sponsored by

  17. 12 CFR 561.28 - Money Market Deposit Accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Money Market Deposit Accounts. 561.28 Section 561.28 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DEFINITIONS FOR REGULATIONS AFFECTING ALL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 561.28 Money Market Deposit Accounts. (a) Money Market...

  18. Goldmine at home. An unusual reference manual for amateurs and do-it-yourselfers to save energy, money and nerves; Goldgruben zuhause. Der etwas andere Ratgeber zum Energie-, Geld- und Nervensparen fuer Laien und Heimwerker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weil, T.

    2007-07-01

    Everybody is talking about saving money, but many are afraid to take measures because they have no faith in their own capabilities. In a humorous but expert manner, the author deals with this very fault. In six chapters, he shows unheard-of possibilities to reduce the energy cost - and other cost factors - in the home and garden. From modern heating systems to service water heating and technical facilities in bathrooms and kitchens, he points out many options for improvement and saving. There is one special chapter on motor cars, in which he voices harsh criticism of miracle cures and myths around the car and also presents alternatives for those who are not do-it-yourselfers. The last chapters presents hints and information to solve many everyday problems. The reader is given a useful practical guide and good reading material. Technical terms are explained in a detailed index, and there are 17 colour pictures and 2 drawings to facilitate understanding. (orig.) [German] Geldsparen ist in aller Munde, aber alleine kann man es nicht immer effektiv umsetzen, weil man seinen eigenen Faehigkeiten zum Loslegen nicht traut. Der Autor versteht es auf seine eigene humorvolle, aber sachliche Art, den Finger genau auf diese wunde Stelle zu legen. In 6 Kapiteln eroeffnet er ungeahnte Moeglichkeiten mit AHA-Effekt, um den Energie- und sonstigen Kosten rund um Wohnung, Garten und Auto ein Schnippchen zu schlagen. Von der modernen Heizungstechnik, Brauchwassererzeugung bis hin zur Haustechnik in Bad und Kueche zeigt er viele Moeglichkeiten des Verbesserns und des Einsparens auf. Auch nennt er gnadenlos seine eigenen Erfahrungen mit Wundermitteln und sonstigen Maerchen rund ums Auto. Er zeigt aber auch Alternativen auf, wenn man seinen eigenen Heimwerkerkuensten nicht traut, um trotzdem an sein persoenliches Sparziel zu gelangen. Im letzten Kapitel zeigt er dem Leser einige ''Nervensparer'', die manche Problemloesung beinhalten. Der Leser findet einen mit Liebe

  19. RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGY FOR HIGH-SPEED HOT EXTRUSION OF BIMETALLIC ROD PARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Kachanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Processes of high-speed shaping changes and especially high-speed hot extrusion create efficient conditions for treatment of weakly plastic and poorly deformable materials which are widely used in tool making facilities. Due to the fact that high-speed stamping provides accurate billets with increased mechanical properties, it can be used as a technological process for manufacturing rod parts of die tooling operating under conditions of increased loads and wear. The purpose of the given paper is to carry out experimental investigations on the possibility to obtain a bimetallic rod tool where structural steel is considered as a basis of the tool and a working cavity is made of high-alloyed tool steel with its saving up to 90 %. A scheme of loading and geometry of conjugated surfaces of the composite billet have been developed in the paper. Technology for obtaining bimetallic rod parts of die tooling with deformation at speed of vд = 70–80 m/s and composite billet temperature of Т = (1150±20 ºС has been experimentally tested with formation of a compound due to plastic flow of two billet parts on contact surface with removal of surface oxide films. Microstructures of the bimetallic compounds obtained with the help of high-speed hot extrusion method for compositions of structural and high-alloy steels have been investigated and their high quality has been proved during the investigations. Dependences of micro-hardness distribution have been established outbound two steel contact plane in the zone of connection that are characterized by a minimum micro-hardness value in the connection joint. Availability of more plastic zone in the contact plane contributes to reduction of residual stresses due to their relaxation in this zone and higher joint strength.

  20. The power of the age standardized incidence rate to discover the gene link between cancer diseases: development of a new epidemiological method to save money, time, and effort for genetic scientists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alghamdi, Ibrahim G; Hussain, Issam I; Alghamdi, Mohamed S; El-Sheemy, Mohammed A

    2015-01-01

    This study provides an incipient epidemiological rule using the concept of direct method of standardization to determine the genetic link between cancer diseases. The overall 8 or 10 years age standardized incidence rate (ASIR) for both cancer diseases, for example (A) and (B) should be calculated for all regions of the country. A line chart should be used to display the overall ASIR trend of both diseases (A and B). Pearson's correlation can be used to determine the strength of the association between the overall ASIRs of both diseases. The overlap or opposite direction of the overall ASIR trend of both diseases (A and B) should be determined and studied for possible associations between cancer diseases. If the trend of the overall 8 or 10 years ASIR of a disease (A) follows that of disease (B) in all regions of the country, then the genes of patients with both diseases (A and B) will be highly homogeneous, and they should be studied in the region with the highest and lowest overall ASIR for both diseases (A and B). In addition, if there is an opposite direction or overlapping trend for both diseases (A and B) in certain regions of the country or among specific groups of people with the same demographic characteristics, then the genes of patients will be investigated for both diseases to identify the potential gene link between cancer diseases. This study revealed that the overall ASIR trends of female breast cancer, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancer are very similar in all regions of Saudi Arabia and England. Our epidemiological evidence helps to save money, time, and effort for testing the potential gene link between cancer diseases.

  1. Use of passive solar architecture design in energy saving, Morena tourist village

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mina, M.B.

    1993-12-31

    This document deals with energy saving in buildings,more precisely in the Morena tourist village. The concept of passive solar technology is developed in villas. The first prototype enabled to have measurements of temperatures and thermal graphs. A comparison between the initial architectural design and this prototype shows the efficiency of the use of passive solar energy (energy and money saving). (TEC). 5 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Mechanical Performance of Dies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Allen Miller, Principal Investigator; Kabiri-Bamoradian, Contributors: Khalil; Delgado-Garza, Abelardo; Murugesan, Karthik; Ragab, Adham

    2011-09-13

    provided to NADCA for distribution to the industry. Power law based meta-models for predicting machine tie bar loading and for predicting maximum parting surface separation were successfully developed and tested against simulation results for a wide range of machines and experimental data. The models proved to be remarkably accurate, certainly well within the requirements for practical application. In addition to making die structural modeling more accessible, the work advanced the state-of-the-art by developing improved modeling of cavity pressure effects, which is typically modeled as a hydrostatic boundary condition, and performing a systematic analysis of the influence of ejector die design variables on die deflection and parting plane separation. This cavity pressure modeling objective met with less than complete success due to the limits of current finite element based fluid structure interaction analysis methods, but an improved representation of the casting/die interface was accomplished using a combination of solid and shell elements in the finite element model. This approximation enabled good prediction of final part distortion verified with a comprehensive evaluation of the dimensions of test castings produced with a design experiment. An extra deliverable of the experimental work was development of high temperature mechanical properties for the A380 die casting alloy. The ejector side design objective was met and the results were incorporated into the metamodels described above. This new technology was predicted to result in an average energy savings of 2.03 trillion BTU's/year over a 10 year period. Current (2011) annual energy saving estimates over a ten year period, based on commercial introduction in 2009, a market penetration of 70% by 2014 is 4.26 trillion BTU's/year by 2019. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in casting yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting

  3. "We Can Deliver More and Save Money"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, John

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the UK government's consultations on skills policy and further education funding. Adult learning has, throughout the years, been subject to endless strategies and proposed plans--but none of these has fully realised its potential. There are two contrasting attitudes to the outlook for further education and, indeed, the…

  4. Do Joint Fighter Programs Save Money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Market Competition and Innovation,” in Jean -Philippe Touffut, ed., Institutions, Innovation and Growth: Selected Economic Papers, Cheltenham, UK...International, 1984. Mayer , Kenneth R., The Political Economy of Defense Contracting, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1991. Mendenhall, Charles A

  5. Gloves Reprocessing: Does It Really Save Money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Pankaj; Kumari, Santosh; Sodhi, Jitender; Talati, Shweta; Gupta, Anil Kumar

    2015-12-01

    Gloves are reprocessed and reused in health-care facilities in resource-limited settings to reduce the cost of availability of gloves. The study was done with the aim to compute the cost of reprocessing of gloves so that an economically rationale decision can be taken. A retrospective record-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in a central sterile supply department where different steps during reprocessing of gloves were identified and the cost involved in reprocessing per pair of gloves was calculated. The cost of material and manpower was calculated to arrive at the cost of reprocessing per pair of gloves. The cost of a reprocessed pair of surgical gloves was calculated to be Indian Rupee (INR) 14.33 which was greater than the cost of a new pair of disposable surgical gloves (INR 9.90) as the cost of sterilization of one pair of gloves itself came out to  be INR 10.97. The current study showed that the purchase of sterile disposable single-use gloves is cheaper than the process of recycling. Reprocessing of gloves is not economical on tangible terms even in resource-limited settings, and from the perspective of better infection control as well as health-care worker safety, it further justifies the use of disposable gloves.

  6. Insulating Foams Save Money, Increase Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Scientists at Langley Research Center created polyimide foam insulation for reusable cryogenic propellant tanks on the space shuttle. Meanwhile, a small Hialeah, Florida-based business, PolyuMAC Inc., was looking for advanced foams to use in the customized manufacturing of acoustical and thermal insulation. The company contacted NASA, licensed the material, and then the original inventors worked with the company's engineers to make a new material that was better for both parties. The new version, a high performance, flame retardant, flexible polyimide foam, is used for insulating NASA cryogenic propellant tanks and shows promise for use on watercraft, aircraft, spacecraft, electronics and electrical products, automobiles and automotive products, recreation equipment, and building and construction materials.

  7. Saving money through employee motivation and participation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-01-01

    Participation by employees at an industrial plant in an energy conserving program is important. People motivation - the key to a successful energy conservation program - is discussed. The following topics are discussed: support from the top, building a dynamic team, motivating through measurement, involving all employees, and making conservation second nature.

  8. Simulations to save time, money, and lives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sackett, D.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1996-11-01

    The Laboratory`s Conflict Simulation Laboratory (CSL) has been developing computerized programs to simulate combat and other conflicts since 1974. All branches of the military use these systems for training purposes and to prepare for operations as diverse as the 1989 invasion of Panama and peacekeeping in Somalia. The CSL is presently continuing development of the Joint Tactical Simulation (JTS) and recently began work on the Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation (JCATS) program for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Army is still using the CSL`s first model, Janus.

  9. Fuel Savings and Emission Reductions from Next-Generation Mobile Air Conditioning Technology in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaney, L.; Thundiyil, K.; Andersen, S.; Chidambaram, S.; Abbi, Y. P.

    2007-01-01

    Up to 19.4% of vehicle fuel consumption in India is devoted to air conditioning (A/C). Indian A/C fuel consumption is almost four times the fuel penalty in the United States and close to six times that in the European Union because India's temperature and humidity are higher and because road congestion forces vehicles to operate inefficiently. Car A/C efficiency in India is an issue worthy of national attention considering the rate of increase of A/C penetration into the new car market, India's hot climatic conditions and high fuel costs. Car A/C systems originally posed an ozone layer depletion concern. Now that industrialized and many developing countries have moved away from ozone-depleting substances per Montreal Protocol obligations, car A/C impact on climate has captured the attention of policy makers and corporate leaders. Car A/C systems have a climate impact from potent global warming potential gas emissions and from fuel used to power the car A/Cs. This paper focuses on car A/C fuel consumption in the context of the rapidly expanding Indian car market and how new technological improvements can result in significant fuel savings and consequently, emission reductions. A 19.4% fuel penalty is associated with A/C use in the typical Indian passenger car. Car A/C fuel use and associated tailpipe emissions are strong functions of vehicle design, vehicle use, and climate conditions. Several techniques: reducing thermal load, improving vehicle design, improving occupants thermal comfort design, improving equipment, educating consumers on impacts of driver behaviour on MAC fuel use, and others - can lead to reduced A/C fuel consumption.

  10. Fuel Savings and Emission Reductions from Next-Generation Mobile Air Conditioning Technology in India: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaney, L.; Thundiyil, K.; Chidambaram, S.; Abbi, Y. P.; Anderson, S.

    2007-05-01

    This paper quantifies the mobile air-conditioning fuel consumption of the typical Indian vehicle, exploring potential fuel savings and emissions reductions these systems for the next generation of vehicles.

  11. Diverging Influences of Money Priming on Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hee Jin

    2017-01-01

    Prior research on money priming has suggested two seemingly contradicting findings. On the one hand, money has been shown to highlight the importance of cost saving, leading to the choice of a low-quality/low-price option. On the other hand, individuals primed with money as a symbol of social status, and capabilities may focus on social value of money, e.g., higher spending symbolizes higher status and prefer an option with high quality/high price. Current research proposes and demonstrates that whether money priming will lead different choices depends on the nature of the consumption context. Specifically, when the product is to be consumed privately, money priming will highlight the importance of cost, thus increasing the preference for lower price at a lower quality. However, when the product is to be consumed publicly, reversed pattern of consumer preference will be found.

  12. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy SMARRT): Development of CCT Diagrams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chumbley, L Scott

    2011-08-20

    One of the most energy intensive industries in the U.S. today is in the melting and casting of steel alloys for use in our advanced technological society. While the majority of steel castings involve low or mild carbon steel for common construction materials, highly-alloyed steels constitute a critical component of many industries due to their excellent properties. However, as the amount of alloying additions increases, the problems associated with casting these materials also increases, resulting in a large waste of energy due to inefficiency and a lack of basic information concerning these often complicated alloy systems. Superaustenitic stainless steels constitute a group of Fe-based alloys that are compositionally balanced to have a purely austenitic matrix and exhibit favorable pitting and crevice corrosion resistant properties and mechanical strength. However, intermetallic precipitates such as sigma (³) and Laves can form during casting or exposure to high-temperature processing, which degrade the corrosion and mechanical properties of the material. Knowledge of the times and temperatures at which these detrimental phases form is imperative if a company is to efficiently produce castings of high quality in the minimum amount of time, using the lowest amount of energy possible, while producing the least amount of material waste. Anecdotal evidence from company representatives revealed that large castings frequently had to be scrapped due to either lower than expected corrosion resistance or extremely low fracture toughness. It was suspected that these poor corrosion and / or mechanical properties were directly related to the type, amount, and location of various intermetallic phases that formed during either the cooling cycle of the castings or subsequent heat treatments. However, no reliable data existed concerning either the time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagrams or the continuous-cooling-transformation (CCT) diagrams of the super-austenitics. The

  13. An Apology for Money

    OpenAIRE

    Karl Svozil

    2008-01-01

    This review is about the convenience, the benefits, as well as the destructive capacities of money. It deals with various aspects of money creation, with its value, and its appropriation. All sorts of money tend to get corrupted by eventually creating too much of them. In the long run, this renders money worthless and deprives people holding it. This misuse of money creation is inevitable and should come as no surprise. Abusive money creation comes in various forms. In the present fiat money ...

  14. An Apology for Money

    OpenAIRE

    Karl Svozil

    2008-01-01

    This review is about the convenience, the benefits, as well as the destructive capacities of money. It deals with various aspects of money creation, with its value, and its appropriation. All sorts of money tend to get corrupted by eventually creating too much of them. In the long run, this renders money worthless and deprives people holding it. This misuse of money creation is inevitable and should come as no surprise. Abusive money creation comes in various forms. In the present fiat money ...

  15. Feeding your piggy bank with intentions: A study on saving behaviour, saving strategies, and happiness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Francisco Vela, S.; Desmet, P.M.A.; Casais, M.

    2014-01-01

    The act of saving money can connect one’s present state to a meaningful future state, especially if we consider money not as a direct source of happiness, but as a resource for engaging in meaningful activities. To explore how design can contribute to making the act of saving more meaningful, we

  16. Feeding your piggy bank with intentions: A study on saving behaviour, saving strategies, and happiness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Francisco Vela, S.; Desmet, P.M.A.; Casais, M.

    2014-01-01

    The act of saving money can connect one’s present state to a meaningful future state, especially if we consider money not as a direct source of happiness, but as a resource for engaging in meaningful activities. To explore how design can contribute to making the act of saving more meaningful, we con

  17. The power of the age standardized incidence rate to discover the gene link between cancer diseases: development of a new epidemiological method to save money, time, and effort for genetic scientists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alghamdi IG

    2015-03-01

    . Our epidemiological evidence helps to save money, time, and effort for testing the potential gene link between cancer diseases. Keywords: epidemiology, medical statistics, direct standardization, England, Saudi Arabia

  18. 智能楼宇节能技术探讨%Discussion of Energy Saving Technology for IntelligentBuilding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌鑫

    2014-01-01

    According to the theory of the intelligent architecture energy consumption, the energy consumption of theintelligent building was analyzed. On this basis, from the aspects of energy saving control and energy saving management, the energy saving technologies of the systems including heating,air conditioning, lighting,elevator,energy management and etc were discussed. And then, the development direction of the intelligent building energy saving was analyzed.%基于智能建筑用能理论,对智能楼宇用能进行了分析,在此基础上,从控制节能和管理节能两个方面,对智能楼宇的暖通、空调、照明、电梯、能源管理等系统的节能技术进行了探讨,并对未来智能楼宇节能的发展方向进行了展望。

  19. Questions scientifically-methodical providing of forming readiness of future engineers-teachers to the use health of saving technologies in professional activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luk'yanova Y.S.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The ways of improvement of maintenance are rotined to professionally-pedagogical preparations of future engineers-teachers to the use health of saving technologies. Educational disciplines are complemented to professionally-practical and humanitarian preparation questions educational health of saving technologies. The necessity of observance of basic terms of assistance the maintenance of health of students is rotined for an educational process: The computer-integrated special course of systematization of knowledge and abilities of the use is developed health of saving technologies in professional activity.

  20. Application of Waste Heat Recovery Energy Saving Technology in Reform of UHP-EAF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, J. H.; Zhang, S. X.; Yang, W.; Yu, T.

    2017-08-01

    The furnace waste heat of a company’s existing 4 × 100t ultra-high-power electric arc furnaces is not used and discharged directly of the situation has been unable to meet the national energy-saving emission reduction requirements, and also affected their own competitiveness and sustainable development. In order to make full use of the waste heat of the electric arc furnace, this paper presents an the energy-saving transformation program of using the new heat pipe boiler on the existing ultra-high-power electric arc furnaces for recovering the waste heat of flue gas. The results show that after the implementation of the project can save energy equivalent to 42,349 tons of standard coal. The flue gas waste heat is fully utilized and dust emission concentration is accorded with the standard of Chinese invironmental protection, which have achieved good results.

  1. Study on key technologies of energy-saving and environment-protective pumps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Qi-Hua

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To meet energy-saving and environment-protective purpose, a series of plastic pumps are developed by composite molding. There are four key techniques involved, firstly, plastic hydraulic components with light-weight; secondly, steel barrel as a pump casing and a connection component as well; thirdly, floating impeller strategy where impeller is drifting freely along shaft; and lastly, a self balancing impeller technique which can totally keep axial force balancing. The manufacturing process is energy-saving, and the components can be recycled, which have great potentials for conservation of environment.

  2. Water Saving Technology in Thermal Power Plant%火力发电厂节水技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 刘政修

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of thermal power plant, the typical water drainage systems and water quality, water quantity, introduces the traditional and new water-saving technology implementation, mainly introduces the circulating sewage, chemical water treatment system for water recycling utilization and desulfurization wastewater advanced treatment process, has the reference value of saving water in thermal power plan.%本文分析了火力发电厂典型用水、排水系统及其水质、水量,介绍了传统及新兴的节水技术实施要点,重点介绍了循环排污水、化学水处理系统自用水回收利用及脱硫废水处理深度处理工艺,对火力发电厂节水工作具有参考价值。

  3. 机房节能降耗技术浅析%Energy Saving Technology of Computer Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许利军; 鲍合晶

    2013-01-01

    深入贯彻国家对节能降耗和污染减排的要求,积极推广通信机房智能新风系统节能降耗技术,节约设备资源和降低能耗,助力低成本高效运行,提高企业的经济效益。%To thoroughly implement the national energy consumption and pollution emission reduction requirements, actively promote the communication technology energy saving smart fresh air system, saving resources and reducing energy consumption, power efficiency and low-cost operation, improve the economic efficiency of enterprises.

  4. 节能性背光驱动技术的研究%Energy Saving Backlight Driving Technology Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌璟

    2012-01-01

    Each TV, LCD manufacturers into a great deal of material resources, manpower, financial capacity increased research and development strength to reduce power consumption, from the technology development trend, how to reduce the power consumption of the backlight concern most. Energy saving and quality improvement technology is always a constant pursuit of innovation in the field of color television industry, with LCD TV's popularity, local dimming technology into a set of energy saving and quality promotion in one of the best technology.%各个电视、液晶厂商都投入极大的物力、人力、财力加大研发力量去降低功耗,从技术发展趋势上来说,如何降低背光的功耗最受到关注。节能及画质提升技术一直是彩电行业不断追求创新的领域,随着液晶电视的普及,区域调光技术成为集节能与画质提升于一身的最佳技术之一。

  5. Importance of the validation of saving technologies of electric power; Importancia de la validacion de tecnologias ahorradoras de energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valer Negrete, Adrian [Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico (PAESE), Comision Federal de Electricidad (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    Within the Programs of Energy Saving it is fundamental the search and application of new technologies, with which this saving can be obtained, selected with base in their technical characteristics that allow to reduce to the consumptions and demands of power, without damaging the electric networks nor the transformers of the Comision Federal de Electricidad. It is important that the investments which are made count on attractive periods of capital recovery, in comparison with the useful life of the product, reason why the knowledge and price of the new technologies will be parameters to consider in an important manner, creating the need of conducting tests that verify the veracity of the information of the supplier, resulting in certain cases, the change of design of these technologies, so that thus they fulfill the engaged characteristics. This paper indicates the characteristics that the new saving technologies of electrical energy must fulfill and the tests and parameters to consider their evaluation. [Spanish] Dentro de los Programas de Ahorro de Energia es fundamental la busqueda y aplicacion de nuevas tecnologias, con las que se pueda obtener dicho ahorro, seleccionadas con base en sus caracteristicas tecnicas que permitan reducir los consumos y demandas de potencia, sin danar las redes ni transformadores de la Comision Federal de Electricidad. Es importante que las inversiones que se realicen cuenten con periodos de recuperacion de capital atractivos, comparados con la vida util del producto, por lo que el conocimiento y precio de las nuevas tecnologias seran parametros a considerar de manera importante, creandose la necesidad de realizar pruebas que verifiquen la veracidad de la informacion del proveedor, resultando en determinados casos, el cambio de diseno de dichas tecnologias, para que asi cumplan las caracteristicas prometidas. Este trabajo indica las caracteristicas que deben cumplir las nuevas tecnologias ahorradoras de energia electrica y las

  6. Redefining the money market

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: money market, monetary policy, money, financial markets. 1. Introduction ..... system is that cash reserves are available in unlimited quantities from the .... money market is to finance the working capital needs of corporations and to.

  7. 节能施工技术在施工现场中的应用%The application of energy-saving construction technology in the construction site

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建锋; 许家文

    2014-01-01

    This paper simply described the implementing background of energy-saving construction technology, analyzes the application meaning of energy-saving construction technology in the field, elaborated in detail the wind energy, solar energy, wall energy, geothermal energy, roof energy-saving construction technology, and forecasted the development trend of energy-saving construction technology in the field.%简述了节能施工技术的实施背景,分析了节能施工技术在现场中应用的意义,对风能、太阳能、墙体节能、地热能、屋面节能施工技术作了详细阐述,并预测了节能施工技术在现场中的发展趋势。

  8. Water-saving Irrigation Technology and Automation Prospects%节水灌溉自动化技术的发展及前景分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜训宇; 段生梅; 母利

    2011-01-01

    Automate the analysis of water-saving irrigation technology development status at home and abroad,the water-saving irrigation automation technology trends and a detailed analysis of the prospects.%阐述节水灌溉自动化技术的国内外发展现状,分析了节水灌溉自动化技术的发展趋势和发展前景。

  9. Technical Support Document: 50% Energy Savings Design Technology Packages for Medium Office Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thornton, Brian A.; Wang, Weimin; Lane, Michael D.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Liu, Bing

    2009-09-01

    This Technical Support Document (TSD) describes the process and methodology for development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium Offices (AEDG-MO or the Guide), a design guidance document which intends to provide recommendations for achieving 50% energy savings in medium office buildings that just meet the requirements of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.

  10. Saving energy and improving IAQ through application of advanced air cleaning technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisk, W.J; Destaillats, H.; Sidheswaran, M.A.

    2011-03-01

    In the future, we may be able use air cleaning systems and reduce rates of ventilation (i.e., reduce rates of outdoor air supply) to save energy, with indoor air quality (IAQ) remaining constant or even improved. The opportunity is greatest for commercial buildings because they usually have a narrower range of indoor pollutant sources than homes. This article describes the types of air cleaning systems that will be needed in commercial buildings.

  11. Standard Tools for Measuring Post Implementation TECH MOD (Technology Modernization) Cost Savings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    Another con- tractor developed a formula based on the Cost Performance Report ( CPR ) which provides unit cost savings. The final contractor measured...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INITIATIVES ........... 2 C. TECH MOD HISTORY ............ ...... ......... 3 D. THE TECH MOD PROCESS ........... ............ 4...Guide 4 Oct 1984). C. TECH MOD HISTORY The first Tech Mod planning started in late 1970 with the F-16 program and the need to improve the government

  12. Resource-saving technologies of making advanced cast and deformable superalloys with allowance for processing all types of wastes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kablov, E. N.; Sidorov, V. V.; Kablov, D. E.; Min, P. G.; Rigin, V. E.

    2016-12-01

    The results of thermodynamic analysis of the vacuum-melt-ceramic system and experimental investigations of using up to 100% wastes during vacuum-induction melting are presented. An important role of rare-earth and alkaline-earth metals and heat treatment is shown for effective refining of a melt from impurities and gases. As a result, a resource-saving technology of making advanced cast and deformable nickel superalloys is developed with allowance for processing all types of wastes, including off-grade wastes. The developed technology of refining wastes under vacuum makes it possible to manufacture the alloys that fully meet the requirements of alloy specifications from 100% wastes. This technology is now used for the mass production of nickel superalloys in a research complex at FGUP VIAM.

  13. CHARACTERIZING COSTS, SAVINGS AND BENEFITS OF A SELECTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNITED STATES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, T.; Slaa, J.W.; Sathaye, J.

    2010-12-15

    Implementation and adoption of efficient end-use technologies have proven to be one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout the industries. In many cases, implementing energy efficiency measures is among one of the most cost effective investments that the industry could make in improving efficiency and productivity while reducing CO2 emissions. Over the years, there have been incentives to use resources and energy in a cleaner and more efficient way to create industries that are sustainable and more productive. With the working of energy programs and policies on GHG inventory and regulation, understanding and managing the costs associated with mitigation measures for GHG reductions is very important for the industry and policy makers around the world. Successful implementation of emerging technologies not only can help advance productivities and competitiveness but also can play a significant role in mitigation efforts by saving energy. Providing evaluation and estimation of the costs and energy savings potential of emerging technologies is the focus of our work in this project. The overall goal of the project is to identify and select emerging and under-utilized energy-efficient technologies and practices as they are important to reduce energy consumption in industry while maintaining economic growth. This report contains the results from performing Task 2"Technology evaluation" for the project titled"Research Opportunities in Emerging and Under-Utilized Energy-Efficient Industrial Technologies," which was sponsored by California Energy Commission and managed by CIEE. The project purpose is to analyze market status, market potential, and economic viability of selected technologies applicable to the U.S. In this report, LBNL first performed re-assessments of all of the 33 emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies, including re-evaluation of the 26 technologies that were previously identified by Martin et al. (2000) and

  14. Factors That Facilitate Or Hinder Fuel-Saving Initiatives and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    technology at various levels to support fuel efficiency. During the literature review , many of the theories pertaining to the use and acceptance of...Morris, M. (1996). User acceptance of information technology : Theories and models . Annual Review of Information Science and Technology , 31, 3–32...7 B. TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL ...........................................8 1. Evolution of TAM

  15. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Aging of Graphitic Cast Irons and Machinability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richards, Von L. [Advanced Technology Inst., Virginia Beach, VA (United States)

    2012-09-19

    The objective of this task was to determine whether ductile iron and compacted graphite iron exhibit age strengthening to a statistically significant extent. Further, this effort identified the mechanism by which gray iron age strengthens and the mechanism by which age-strengthening improves the machinability of gray cast iron. These results were then used to determine whether age strengthening improves the machinability of ductile iron and compacted graphite iron alloys in order to develop a predictive model of alloy factor effects on age strengthening. The results of this work will lead to reduced section sizes, and corresponding weight and energy savings. Improved machinability will reduce scrap and enhance casting marketability. Technical Conclusions: Age strengthening was demonstrated to occur in gray iron ductile iron and compacted graphite iron. Machinability was demonstrated to be improved by age strengthening when free ferrite was present in the microstructure, but not in a fully pearlitic microstructure. Age strengthening only occurs when there is residual nitrogen in solid solution in the Ferrite, whether the ferrite is free ferrite or the ferrite lamellae within pearlite. Age strengthening can be accelerated by Mn at about 0.5% in excess of the Mn/S balance Estimated energy savings over ten years is 13.05 trillion BTU, based primarily on yield improvement and size reduction of castings for equivalent service. Also it is estimated that the heavy truck end use of lighter castings for equivalent service requirement will result in a diesel fuel energy savings of 131 trillion BTU over ten years.

  16. Anti Money Laundering with Big Data Technologies in Commercial Banks%大数据在商业银行反洗钱的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彩冬; 潘维民

    2016-01-01

    With the development of e-commerce and mobile Internet,the sustained growth of data traffic and a variety of data peak represented by 11.11 have brought great pressure on the traditional means of AML of the commer-cial banks.With a variety of money-laundering hidden under massive transactions,it’s getting more and more difficult for the commercial banks to find out the money-laundering transactions using the traditional way.At present,the de-velopment of big data technology provides technical support for the data collection,data storage,and data processing and so on.This paper analyzes the demand of anti money laundering in commercial banks,proposes a set of practical and scalable anti money laundering framework bases on the study of new technology in the field of big data,and summarizes the development direction of big data.%随着电子商务和移动互联网的发展,数据流量的持续增长和以双十一为代表的多种数据洪峰的出现,给商业银行传统的反洗钱手段带来了巨大的压力。海量交易数据下隐藏着各种洗钱行为,传统的反洗钱方式在应对持续增长的数据时越来越捉襟见肘。当前,大数据技术的发展为海量数据数据的收集、存储、处理等提供了技术支撑。本文分析了商业银行的反洗钱业务需求,从业务的角度对比研究当前大数据领域众多新技术,提出了一套实用、可扩展的反洗钱处理架构,并且提出了的大数据反洗钱的演进方向。

  17. Energy-saving Technology of Vent in Passive Solar Wall of Rural House of Severe Cold Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Ling; TianYu Zhao; Hong Jin; XiPeng Zhao

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims at solving the problems of low thermal collection rate, inconvenient maintenance, hindering indoor using during the application of passive solar technologies in rural houses in severe cold region. All these defects prevent the passive solar houses'further development. This paper chooses trombe wall, which has higher thermal efficiency of the passive solar house, as research object. The traditional vent is improved into a new type of ventilation device. This improvement overcomes the shortcoming, which traditional vent loses huge heat, and simplifies the construction of vent. Comparing with traditional trombe wall, the energy saving rate is 15�69%.

  18. From gold money to fictitious money

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELEUTÉRIO F. S. PRADO

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In the nineteenth century, money appear primarily as gold. In the twenty-first century, it appears as strictly fiduciary money. It is known that Marx said very clearly that the golden money was the effective basis of the monetary and credit system. Had the historical development finally shown that his theory of value and money would be false? Marxists have struggled continually with this problem. This paper tries to show that exist a simple and good answer to this crucial question. It comes just developing a little the dialectics of commodities and money found on Marx's Capital.

  19. Advanced Melting Technologies: Energy Saving Concepts and Opportunities for the Metal Casting Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2005-11-01

    The study examines current and emerging melting technologies and discusses their technical barriers to scale-up issues and research needed to advance these technologies, improving melting efficiency, lowering metal transfer heat loss, and reducing scrap.

  20. Saving can save from death anxiety: mortality salience and financial decision-making.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Zaleskiewicz

    Full Text Available Four studies tested the idea that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. Saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening. Study 1 found that participants primed with both saving and spending reported lower death fear than controls. Saving primes, however, were associated with significantly lower death fear than spending primes. Study 2 demonstrated that mortality primes increase the attractiveness of more frugal behaviors in save-or-spend dilemmas. Studies 3 and 4 found, in two different cultures (Polish and American, that the activation of death thoughts prompts people to allocate money to saving as opposed to spending. Overall, these studies provided evidence that saving protects from existential anxiety, and probably more so than spending.

  1. Saving can save from death anxiety: mortality salience and financial decision-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaleskiewicz, Tomasz; Gasiorowska, Agata; Kesebir, Pelin

    2013-01-01

    Four studies tested the idea that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. Saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening. Study 1 found that participants primed with both saving and spending reported lower death fear than controls. Saving primes, however, were associated with significantly lower death fear than spending primes. Study 2 demonstrated that mortality primes increase the attractiveness of more frugal behaviors in save-or-spend dilemmas. Studies 3 and 4 found, in two different cultures (Polish and American), that the activation of death thoughts prompts people to allocate money to saving as opposed to spending. Overall, these studies provided evidence that saving protects from existential anxiety, and probably more so than spending.

  2. Does Technology Policy Create or Eliminate Good Jobs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordes, Colleen

    1995-01-01

    Although university technological research may help industry save money, some are concerned it may also help eliminate needed jobs. Observers disagree over the ultimate impact of technology transfer and the role of public policy in promoting it. Some recommend social policies designed to mitigate disruption by technological change. (MSE)

  3. Measuring Savings

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Schreiner

    2001-01-01

    Development depends on saving. But what exactly is saving, and how is it measured? This paper defines saving and describes several measures of financial savings. The measures account for the passage of time and for the three stages of saving: putting in (depositing), keeping in (maintaining a balance), and taking out (withdrawing). Together, the different measures capture how people move financial resources through time.

  4. Remittances to Latin America and the Caribbean: Money, Markets and Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Orozco

    2010-01-01

    Improving remittance flows between Latin America and the US involving stronger ties with financial institutions and a favorable money transfer system would subsequently increase consumption, savings, and investment.

  5. Solar thermal technology development: Estimated market size and energy cost savings. Volume 2: Assumptions, methodology and results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, W. R.

    1983-01-01

    Estimated future energy cost savings associated with the development of cost-competitive solar thermal technologies (STT) are discussed. Analysis is restricted to STT in electric applications for 16 high-insolation/high-energy-price states. Three fuel price scenarios and three 1990 STT system costs are considered, reflecting uncertainty over future fuel prices and STT cost projections. Solar thermal technology research and development (R&D) is found to be unacceptably risky for private industry in the absence of federal support. Energy cost savings were projected to range from $0 to $10 billion (1990 values in 1981 dollars), depending on the system cost and fuel price scenario. Normal R&D investment risks are accentuated because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) cartel can artificially manipulate oil prices and undercut growth of alternative energy sources. Federal participation in STT R&D to help capture the potential benefits of developing cost-competitive STT was found to be in the national interest. Analysis is also provided regarding two federal incentives currently in use: The Federal Business Energy Tax Credit and direct R&D funding.

  6. Solar thermal technology development: Estimated market size and energy cost savings. Volume 2: Assumptions, methodology and results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, W. R.

    1983-02-01

    Estimated future energy cost savings associated with the development of cost-competitive solar thermal technologies (STT) are discussed. Analysis is restricted to STT in electric applications for 16 high-insolation/high-energy-price states. Three fuel price scenarios and three 1990 STT system costs are considered, reflecting uncertainty over future fuel prices and STT cost projections. Solar thermal technology research and development (R&D) is found to be unacceptably risky for private industry in the absence of federal support. Energy cost savings were projected to range from $0 to $10 billion (1990 values in 1981 dollars), depending on the system cost and fuel price scenario. Normal R&D investment risks are accentuated because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) cartel can artificially manipulate oil prices and undercut growth of alternative energy sources. Federal participation in STT R&D to help capture the potential benefits of developing cost-competitive STT was found to be in the national interest. Analysis is also provided regarding two federal incentives currently in use: The Federal Business Energy Tax Credit and direct R&D funding.

  7. 氯碱厂节水技术改造%Water saving technology transformation of chlor-alkali plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董雷; 刘勇先

    2012-01-01

    介绍了氯碱厂一次盐水、电解、氯气处理、氢气处理工序的节水改造情况。通过技术改造,回收了大量的冷凝水及废水,减少了酸性水对厂房、设备的腐蚀。%The water saving technology transformation of chlor-alkali plant was introduced,including the brine process,electrolysis process and chlorine and hydrogen treatment.After technology transformation,the waste water was recycled,and reduced the corrosion of acidic water for the plant and equipment.The economic and social benefits were better.

  8. Perspectives of heating technology in view of changed energy saving consciousness and building technology now and in future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moellmann, E.

    1989-04-01

    The development and status of the central heating technology are described. Today's low-temperature heating systems have reduced the fuel consumption by 15 to 30%. Trends with regard to dimensioning and design of systems, microelectronic systems in control technology, exhaust removal systems, burner technologies are briefly described.

  9. 节能建筑施工技术的分析和研究%Analysis and research on energy-saving building construction technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱靖宇

    2014-01-01

    The paper briefly analyzes domestic energy development problems. In light of energy-saving building construction technology status, it explores general energy-saving building construction demands, and describes energy-saving building construction technology measures, with a view to create high-quality and energy-saving building and provide good living environment.%简要分析了我国能源发展存在的问题,并针对节能建筑施工技术的现状,探讨了节能建筑施工的一般要求,详细阐述了节能建筑施工技术措施,以期创造出质量优、节能好的建筑,为人们提供优良的生活环境。

  10. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Improved Die Casting Process to Preserve the Life of the Inserts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Schwam, PI; Xuejun Zhu, Sr. Research Associate

    2012-09-30

    lubricants and technical support. Experiments conducted with these lubricants demonstrated good protection of the substrate steel. Graphite and boron nitride used as benchmarks are capable of completely eliminating soldering and washout. However, because of cost and environmental considerations these materials are not widely used in industry. The best water-based die lubricants evaluated in this program were capable of providing similar protection from soldering and washout. In addition to improved part quality and higher production rates, improving die casting processes to preserve the life of the inserts will result in energy savings and a reduction in environmental wastes. Improving die life by means of optimized cooling line placement, baffles and bubblers in the die will allow for reduced die temperatures during processing, saving energy associated with production. The utilization of optimized die lubricants will also reduce heat requirements in addition to reducing waste associated with soldering and washout. This new technology was predicted to result in an average energy savings of 1.1 trillion BTU's/year over a 10 year period. Current (2012) annual energy saving estimates, based on commercial introduction in 2010, a market penetration of 70% by 2020 is 1.26 trillion BTU's/year. Along with these energy savings, reduction of scrap and improvement in casting yield will result in a reduction of the environmental emissions associated with the melting and pouring of the metal which will be saved as a result of this technology. The average annual estimate of CO2 reduction per year through 2020 is 0.025 Million Metric Tons of Carbon Equivalent (MM TCE).

  11. Generic Drugs: The Same Medicine for Less Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Generic Drugs: The Same Medicine for Less Money What is a generic drug? A generic is a copy of a brand-name drug. A brand- name drug has a patent. When ... benefit to your health, and you will save money. 7KH IHGHUDO )RRG DQG 'UXJ $GPLQLVWUDWLRQ )'$ UHJXODWHV ERWK ...

  12. 房屋建筑节能中存在的问题及节能施工技术应用%The existing problems in housing building energy saving and the application of energy saving construction technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建平

    2014-01-01

    对国内房屋建筑节能施工过程中存在的节能设计不符合相关标准、法律体系不够完善、节能意识淡薄等问题进行了分析,阐述了墙体、门窗、屋面等的节能施工技术,以解决房屋建筑节能施工中出现的各种问题,最大程度的实现建筑节能。%This paper analyzed the existing energy saving design did not accord with relevant standards, legal system was not perfect, lack of en-ergy saving awareness and other problems in domestic housing building energy saving construction process, and elaborated the energy saving tech-nology of wall, doors and windows, roof and so on, in order to solve all kinds of problems occurred in energy-saving construction, achieved the building energy efficiency to the maximum extent.

  13. Dynamic Process of Money Transfer Models

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Y; Wang, Yougui; Ding, Ning

    2005-01-01

    We have studied numerically the statistical mechanics of the dynamic phenomena, including money circulation and economic mobility, in some transfer models. The models on which our investigations were performed are the basic model proposed by A. Dragulescu and V. Yakovenko [1], the model with uniform saving rate developed by A. Chakraborti and B.K. Chakrabarti [2], and its extended model with diverse saving rate [3]. The velocity of circulation is found to be inversely related with the average holding time of money. In order to check the nature of money transferring process in these models, we demonstrated the probability distributions of holding time. In the model with uniform saving rate, the distribution obeys exponential law, which indicates money transfer here is a kind of Poisson process. But when the saving rate is set diversely, the holding time distribution follows a power law. The velocity can also be deduced from a typical individual's optimal choice. In this way, an approach for building the micro-...

  14. Development and demonstration of energy saving technologies in agriculture; Udvikling og demonstration af energibesparende teknologi til landbruget

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, Joergen; Trenel, P.; Krogh Hansen, T.; Andersen, Mathias

    2010-07-01

    The energy consumption for agriculture is approx. 10% of the total corporate energy use in Denmark and is therefore a major source of total CO2 emission. This project aims to show that there is great potential for reducing energy use in agriculture. The project focused on saving energy in pig production, as this is the largest branch of production in farming and also the most energy consuming. The energy consumption in selected herds has been monitored with high accuracy making it possible to track down energy consumption, on system level, minute by minute. The energy consumption for light, ventilation and heating systems has been followed in various sections of different farms to compare the level of consumption. In the project 4 technologies were developed and tested. The results are: 1) Two new EC (electronically commuted) fans for livestock facilities makes it possible to reduce power consumption for ventilation with over 50% compared with frequency controlled fans; 2) An intelligent shelter for two climate stables was developed to regulate heat in the piglet pens. The system showed a 43% energy saving for heating compared to identical climate stables with normal floor heating; 3) An hour-based energy management system called Elspot was tested. The Elspot module can automatically activate and deactivate electrically powered equipment according to the energy price. The study found that farms can reduce their spending on electricity by 25% using the Elspot module on a feed mill; 4) A web interface for energy monitoring was designed specifically for farmers. This system makes it possible for farmers to monitor their energy consumption at and benchmark this against normative values or new technologies. The initial goal of the project was to develop and demonstrate solutions that could potentially reduce energy consumption in agriculture by 20%. Since the work was done only with energy saving technologies in livestock production, this corresponds to an energy

  15. Green PC Saves Human Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulla Shaik

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Green computing is the study and practice of using computing resources efficiently. This give idea about reduce the use of hazardous materials maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote recyclability. Green computing can be broadly defined as the problem of reducing the overall carbon footprint of computing and communication infrastructure, such as data centers, by using energy-efficient design and operations. As the environmentalists and energy conservationists ponder over the issue of conserving environment, technologists have come out with a simple solution to let you contribute to the “Go Green” campaign- with the help of Green PCs. By using green computing practices; you can improve energy management, increase energy efficiency, reduce e-waste, and save money. Taking into consideration the popular use of information technology industry, it has to lead a revolution of sorts by turning green in a manner no industry has ever done before. It is worth emphasizing that this “green technology” should not be just about sound bytes to impress activists but concrete action and organizational policy. The plan towards Green PC should include new electronic products and services with optimum efficiency and all possible options towards energy savings and technical issues in high-performance green computing span the spectrum from green infrastructure like energy-efficient buildings, intelligent cooling systems, green power sources for green hardware multi-core computing systems, energy-efficient server design, energy-efficient solid-state storage for green software and applications.

  16. The Digital Money Decade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David G.W. Birch

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The tenth annual Digital Money Forum, held in London at the end of March, was a good opportunity to see how the world of retail electronic payments has evolved in last decade. It looks as if the technology platforms of smart cards, wireless communications, mobile phones and cryptography are coming together within a regulatory framework to make the often discussed “war on cash” something more than just talk. The prospect of simple, inexpensive payments across all retail channels — with the attendant benefits in trade and market growth — is real and it is already clear that a technology nexus around, in particular, the mobile handset and contactless payments is going to make real difference in the way that the average person pays.

  17. Intelligent Anti-Money Laundering System for Money Service Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H S Vijay Kumar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The criminal individuals and organizations in today's world including terrorists have taken advantage of the available financial systems, to launder money from illegal proceeds and for their illegal activities. India is particularly under threat from terrorists and it also has been difficult to track down the finance of criminal elements. Developing effective suspicious activity detection models has drawn more and more interests for supervision agencies and financial institutions in their efforts to combat money laundering. This paper proposes a suspicious activity recognition method basing on scan statistics; it aims to identify suspicious sequences on transaction level for financial institutions. In order for a more adaptive, intelligent and flexible solution for anti-money laundering, the intelligent agent technology is applied in this research. Several types of agents are proposed and multi-agent architecture is presented for anti-money laundering. A prototype system for money laundering detection is also developed to demonstrate the advances of the proposed system architecture and business value.

  18. Intelligent Anti-Money Laundering System for Money Service Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H S Vijay Kumar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The criminal individuals and organizations in today's world including terrorists have taken advantage of the available financial systems, to launder money from illegal proceeds and for their illegal activities. India is particularly under threat from terrorists and it also has been difficult to track down the finance of criminal elements. Developing effective suspicious activity detection models has drawn more and more interests for supervision agencies and financial institutions in their efforts to combat money laundering. This paper proposes a suspicious activity recognition method basing on scan statistics; it aims to identify suspicious sequences on transaction level for financial institutions. In order for a more adaptive, intelligent and flexible solution for anti-money laundering, the intelligent agent technology is applied in this research. Several types of agents are proposed and multi-agent architecture is presented for anti-money laundering. A prototype system for money laundering detection is also developed to demonstrate the advances of the proposed system architecture and business value.

  19. Pennies from heaven? Conceptions and earmarking of lottery prize money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedenus, Anna

    2014-06-01

    The source of money has been shown to be important for how money is spent. In addition, sudden wealth is often associated with social and psychological risks. This article investigates if conceptions of lottery prize money--as a special kind of money--imply restrictions on how it can be spent. Analysis of interviews with lottery winners shows that interviewees use earmarking of the prize money as a strategy for avoiding the pitfalls associated with a lottery win. Conceptions of lottery prize money as 'a lot' or as 'a little', as shared or personal, and as an opportunity or a risk, influences the ends for which it is earmarked: for self-serving spending, a 'normal' living standard, paying off loans, saving for designated purposes, or for economic security and independence. Clearly defining and earmarking lottery prize money thus helps lottery winners construe their sudden wealth, not as a risk, but as 'pennies from heaven.'

  20. Households’ use of information and communication technologies – a future challenge for energy savings?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten; Røpke, Inge

    2009-01-01

    Increasing consumption of electricity due to a growing number of information and communication technology (ICT) appliances in households is a major challenge to reducing energy consumption. Several studies have predicted escalating ICT-related energy consumption, but relatively little has been said....... Through presentation and discussion of qualitative interviews with families having extensive ICT use in their everyday lives, the interviews illustrate how users domesticate and use technologies in many different ways. The interviews reveal a variety of practices and dynamics in different aspects...... of everyday life, including sport, shopping, entertainment and different hobbies. The growing electricity consumption related to ICT is thus as dependent on the consumers’ use and domestication of the technologies as on the energy efficiency of the appliances. By analysing the interviews with the use...

  1. RESOURCE SAVING TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS OF LARGE-SIZE DIE THERMAL TREATMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Glazkov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The given paper presents a development of a technological process pertaining to hardening large-size parts made of die steel. The proposed process applies a water-air mixture instead of a conventional hardening medium that is industrial oil.While developing this new technological process it has been necessary to solve the following problems: reduction of thermal treatment duration, reduction of power resource expense (natural gas and mineral oil, elimination of fire danger and increase of process ecological efficiency. 

  2. Energy Saving Separations Technologies for the Petroleum Industry: An Industry-University-National Laboratory Research Partnership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorgan, John R.; Stewart, Frederick F.; Way, J. Douglas

    2003-03-28

    This project works to develop technologies capable of replacing traditional energy-intensive distillations so that a 20% improvement in energy efficiency can be realized. Consistent with the DOE sponsored report, Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry, the approach undertaken is to develop and implement entirely new technology to replace existing energy intensive practices. The project directly addresses the top priority issue of developing membranes for hydrocarbon separations. The project is organized to rapidly and effectively advance the state-of-the-art in membranes for hydrocarbon separations. The project team includes ChevronTexaco and BP, major industrial petroleum refiners, who will lead the effort by providing matching resources and real world management perspective. Academic expertise in separation sciences and polymer materials found in the Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Refining Department of the Colorado School of Mines is used to invent, develop, and test new membrane materials. Additional expertise and special facilities available at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are also exploited in order to effectively meet the goals of the project. The proposed project is truly unique in terms of the strength of the team it brings to bear on the development and commercialization of the proposed technologies.

  3. Commercialization of biopulping: an energy-saving and environmentally-friendly technology for the paper industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross Swaney; Masood Akhtar; Eric Horn; Michael Lentz; Carl Houtman; John Klungness

    2003-01-01

    The biopulping process for treating wood chips prior to mechanical pulping has been scaled up through an extensive development program and has been demonstrated at 50 ton semicommercial scale. Detailed engineering analyses and design studies have been performed for full production-scale mill implementation, and the technology is ready for commercial use. This paper...

  4. Ecologically clean and raw-resources-saving technology using photonic purification of fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belyshev, Boris E.; Protasova, Valentina A.; Shepelev, Andrey V.; Kalinin, Yuri A.

    1995-04-01

    The elaborated technology of laseral optical pumping is successfully used for the purification of fibers from impurities. This is the novel and effective application of pulsed power. The higher powerful and technological advantages for purification of wool from vegetable impurities are presented in this paper. The aim of using light irradiation is almost complete cleaning of light wool from dark vegetable admixtures, dust and brand at the early steps (carding worsted blends) of technological process of producing fine yarns. Stabilizing all mechanical and chemical-technological processes following light radiation purification and increasing technical-economic parameters of production is achieved in this case as well. The physical essence of light irradiation wool cleaning is based upon different optical and thermal properties of light fibers on the one hand, and of dark admixtures-fractions of vegetable matter and burrs, dust and brand-on the other hand. The difference of coefficients of light irradiation by fibers and impurities is of great importance. The 500-1100 nm spectral range has a selective impact on the fibers and impurities.

  5. Philosophy of Money

    CERN Document Server

    Simmel, Georg; Frisby, David; Bottomore, Tom

    2011-01-01

    In The Philosophy of Money, Georg Simmel provides us with a now classic discussion of the social, psychological and philosophical aspects of the money economy, full of brilliant insights into the forms that social relationships take.

  6. Households' use of information and communication technologies - a future challenge for energy savings?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Haunstrup Christensen, Toke; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten (Danish Building Research Inst., Aalborg Univ., Aalborg (Denmark)). e-mail: joj@sbi.dk; Roepke, Inge (Dept. of Management Engineering, Aalborg Univ., Aalborg (Denmark))

    2009-07-01

    Increasing consumption of electricity due to a growing number of information and communication technology (ICT) appliances in households is a major challenge to reducing energy consumption. Several studies have predicted escalating ICT-related energy consumption, but relatively little has been said and done about possible initiatives to curb this increase. This paper presents results of a research project focusing on how dynamics of consumption influence household energy consumption on ICT. Results of the project include scenarios on how electricity consumption on ICT is expected to grow, suggesting that in a few years on average ICT will make up half of household electricity consumption. Recent initiatives from various actors to prevent this development are presented and discussed, and difficulties in regulating this area, as compared to other parts of household electricity consumption are highlighted. Through presentation and discussion of qualitative interviews with families having extensive ICT use in their everyday lives, the interviews illustrate how users domesticate and use technologies in many different ways. The interviews reveal a variety of practices and dynamics in different aspects of everyday life, including sport, shopping, entertainment and different hobbies. The growing electricity consumption related to ICT is thus as dependent on the consumers' use and domestication of the technologies as on the energy efficiency of the appliances. By analysing the interviews with the use of theories of domestication of technologies, it is argued that aspects such as consumers' creativity in technology use and their non-adaption are relevant aspects to include in policy and regulation discussions on how to limit the escalating electricity consumption from household ICT use.

  7. Money in Gas-Like Markets: Gibbs and Pareto Laws

    OpenAIRE

    Arnab Chatterjee; Chakrabarti, Bikas K.; Manna, S. S.

    2003-01-01

    We consider the ideal-gas models of trading markets, where each agent is identified with a gas molecule and each trading as an elastic or money-conserving (two-body) collision. Unlike in the ideal gas, we introduce saving propensity $\\lambda$ of agents, such that each agent saves a fraction $\\lambda$ of its money and trades with the rest. We show the steady-state money or wealth distribution in a market is Gibbs-like for $\\lambda=0$, has got a non-vanishing most-probable value for $\\lambda \

  8. Rapid and solvent-saving liquefaction of woody biomass using microwave-ultrasonic assisted technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zexiang; Wu, Zhengguo; Fan, Liwei; Zhang, Hui; Liao, Yiqiang; Zheng, Deyong; Wang, Siqun

    2016-01-01

    A novel process to rapidly liquefy sawdust using reduced quantities of solvent, was successfully carried out via microwave-ultrasonic assisted technology (MUAT) in a sulphuric acid/polyethylene glycol 400-glycerol catalytic system. The influences of some key parameters on the liquefaction yield were investigated. The results showed that compared with traditional liquefaction, the introduction of MUAT allowed the solvent dosage to be halved and shortened the liquefaction time from 60 to 20 min. The liquefaction yield reached 91% under the optimal conditions. However, the influence on the yield of some parameters such as catalyst concentration, was similar to that of traditional liquefaction, indicating that the application of MUAT possibly only intensified heat and mass transfer rather than altering either the degradation mechanism or pathway. The introduction of MUAT as a process intensification technology has good industrial application potential for woody biomass liquefaction.

  9. Devising an energy saving technology for a biogas plant as a part of the cogeneration system

    OpenAIRE

    Чайковська, Євгенія Євстафіївна

    2015-01-01

    The paper suggests an operation technology for a biogas plant that allows setting a heating medium temperature at the inlet to the heat exchanger built in a digester and measuring the heating medium temperature at the outlet. An integrated system for assessing the varied temperature of digestion (that is based on mathematical and logical modeling within the cogeneration system) secures a continuous gas outlet, a timely unloading of fermented mash and loading of a fresh matter. For this purpos...

  10. A Cost Estimation Analysis of U.S. Navy Ship Fuel-Savings Techniques and Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    coastal waters during the present conflict in Iraq have experienced excessive filter usage rates and premature RO membrane failures. New... microfiltration (MF) technology can provide a superior level of filtration in most waters and can be renewed by backflushing techniques developed under an...ONR program. MF can facilitate operation in coastal and littoral waters and will also allow operating the RO plant at higher membrane recoveries

  11. Heat savings and heat generation technologies: Modelling of residential investment behaviour with local health costs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zvingilaite, Erika; Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    their primary heating source with secondary heating e.g. a woodstove. This choice results in increased indoor air pollution with fine particles causing health effects. We integrate health cost due to use of woodstoves into household optimisation of heating expenditures. The results show that due...... for private consumers decrease by 66% when all have the option to shift to the technology with lowest variable costs. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All Rights reserved...

  12. Dynamics and species diversity of soil seed bank of weeds in resource-saving technologies

    OpenAIRE

    SELYUCK M.P.; TOROPOVA E.Y.; STETSOV G.Y.; ZAHAROV A.F.

    2016-01-01

    The soil seed bank of weeds in No-till technology southern forest-steppe Novosibirsk region dominated by Panicum miliaceum, Setaria glauca, Amaranthus retroflexus, Polygonum linicola. The highest soil infestation with weed seeds was marked after peas and wheat monoculture. The main factor determining the species diversity and abundance of weed seeds the weather conditions were, the impact of crop rotation was 2 times lower.

  13. Health saving technologies in the training of future primary school teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karapuzova N.D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : To reveal the features of the application of technology in the health-professional training of future primary school teachers and to characterize their practical implementation. Material : The study involved 137 students. Test was used to determine the likelihood of stress on G. Nemchin and J. Taylor. Results : It was found that the vast majority of respondents (67% have a low level of efficiency and high stress. That is, there is the possibility of negative effects of stress. Among the students of middle and low level of success of 76% the cause of this was called exhaustion. Defined as the implementation of technologies will aggregate pedagogically appropriate forms, methods and means of organization and management of the educational process. Proposed criteria indicators of training activities from the standpoint of health preservation. An experience of work on the implementation of health-technology in the practice of psycho-pedagogical faculty. Conclusions : The health-tech feature is the harmonious combination of training, educational and developing pedagogical influences. They are specified in the learning and cognitive, research, organizational and educational work of the students and the teaching practice in schools. They are aimed at both the development and improvement of the physical, spiritual, mental and social health factors of a young man, and on the formation of health-competence of students.

  14. Savings times: approaching of two technologies; Racionalizacao do tempo: uma integracao de tecnologias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Migueis, Carlos Otavio; Eppinghaus, Guilherme; Ferreira, Ipojucan; Alfano, Pedro Paulo; Campello, Sergio [Vetcogray, Macae, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    As the result of merging both wellhead and production subsea systems technologies, a new concept of flowbases and tubing hangers has been developed. This new generation of equipment will allow a significant reduction in rig time during drilling and completion operations just processing at the same time steps that before were supposed to be done separately. In order to implement this merge of technologies, concepts and techniques already well known in drilling and completion will be used. One of the main modifications is to adopt in the internal upper half profile of the flowbase the same profile used in the wellheads. This will allow the use of existent cam type running tools, wear bushing running tools and BOP test tools. Also the casing hanger pack-off (CVU) sealing and locking technology will be used to lock and seal the tubing hanger. The new method of running the flowbase, using a cam type running tool, became possible due to the adoption of the technology for landing the wellhead with the support of an ROV. In the other hand, the tubing hanger was fully redesigned using as reference the existent casing hangers. The new concept is an evolution for the actual concept and will allow the time reduction in rig operations, enhancing the performance of the unlocking system of the tubing hanger during its retrieval. During the development of this new flowbase and tubing hanger system, it was necessary the development of a set of new tools, such as: one trip pack-off landing, energizing/deenergizing, test and tubing hanger retrieving tool; one trip pack-off unlocking and tubing hanger retrieving tool. In order to confirm the viability of the concepts, a series of design reviews were conducted involving different Vetco Gray SDS and SPS experts from various departments such as product engineering and service. Doing this it became possible to fully evaluate the operation from drilling to completion also checking if the applicability of the current equipment that today

  15. Engaging science communication that are time-saving for scientists using new online technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilja Bye, Bente

    2016-04-01

    Science communication is a time consuming and challenging task. Communicating scientific results comes on top of doing science itself and the administrative work the modern day scientists have to cope with. The competition on peoples time and attention is also fierce. In order to get peoples attention and interest, it is today often required that there is a two-way communication. The audience needs and wants to be engaged, even in real-time. The skills and times required to do that is normally not included in the university curricula. In this presentation we will look at new technologies that can help scientists overcome some of those skills and time challenges. The new online technologies that has been tested and developed in other societal areas, can be of great use for research and the important science communication. We will illustrate this through an example from biodiversity, wetlands and these fields use of Earth observations. Both the scientists themselves representing different fields of research and the general public are being engaged effectively and efficiently through specifically designed online events/seminars/workshops. The scientists are able to learn from each other while also engaging in live dialogues with the audience. A cooperation between the Group of Earth Observations and the Ramsar Convention of Wetlands will be used to illustrate the method. Within the global Earth observation community, where this example comes from, there is a great potential for efficient capacity building, targeting both experts, decision-makers and the general public. The method presented is demonstrating one way of tapping into that potential using new online technologies and it can easily be transferred to other fields of geoscience and science in general.

  16. Conceptual approaches to innovative energy saving technologies and reducing greenhouse effect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buyadgie, Dmytro; Sechenyh, Vitaliy; Buyadgie, Olexiy; Nichenko, Sergii; Vasil' ev, Igor

    2010-09-15

    The study attempts a comprehensive overview of the effects of human activities and proposes technical solutions for compensation of human anthropogenic intervention. Attention is focused on energy consumption optimization and reduction of harmful emissions at current stage of civilization development. Natural sources of energy and their associated greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions are considered in the paper along with the existed approaches to energy utilization, its merits and demerits. The role of heat-utilizing thermotransformers in reduction of thermal release and GHG emissions is specified. The examples of energy efficient technologies, based on application of jet devices, are presented in the study.

  17. Research on the Internet Anti-Money Laundering Technologies Based on Distributed Smart Agents%基于分布式智能代理的反网络洗钱技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付雄

    2011-01-01

    本文针对当前洗钱犯罪活动迅速发展并呈现网络化的问题,提出了基于分布式智能代理框架的反网络洗钱技术,并结合关系图熵矩阵的数据挖掘技术,开发了反网络洗钱的仿真实验原型系统进行仿真验证.%To stop the fast development and internetization of money laundering crime activities, the Internet anti-money laundering technologies based on distributed smart agents are proposed, combined with data mining with the relationship graph entropy matrix. And an anti-money laundering simulation system is also developed.

  18. Energy thief or saving tool? On the use of information and communication technology in households; Energitjuv eller sparverktyg? Om anvaendning av informations- och kommunikationsteknologi i hushaall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karlsson, Kristina; Toernqvist, Eva K.

    2009-08-15

    A development towards continued increased use of information- and communication technology (ICT) in the households is a fact that should be taken seriously from an energy perspective. Especially since a lot of ICT is subjected to strong political aspirations to become accessible to all citizens on their own conditions. According to a couple of prognoses, ICT is estimated to amount to 45 % of the household electricity within the nearest ten year period. In addition to the direct use that ICT stands for, the indirect use that origins from, for example, the production and discarding of devices as well as the use that is a consequence of changed behavioural patterns, such as telecommuting, must be taken into account in order to fully understand the use of ICT in an energy perspective. Furthermore, the risk for so called rebound-effects needs also to be considered. This means that the time-, energy- and money savings that can be achieved by means of (more energy efficient) ICT, are used for more ICT use or for other energy requiring activities. Among other things, research indicates that expected transport reductions do not occur. From the point of departure of the overall question of why the energy use within the so called function area 'information and entertainment' increases in households, the aim of the report is to analyze and to discuss driving forces for household members' increased possession and use of ICT in a broad sense (including, for example, tv, mp3, dvd- and cd players. The intention is also to make visible the complex social context in which the use of ICT takes place. The driving forces are complex since they can be related to the individual user's own interests and satisfaction, to the household's social context as well as to a social context outside the household, and to different, often contradictory, norms and values. This makes the development of simple saving measures more difficult, but knowledge of the complexity and

  19. An innovative energy-saving in-flight melting technology and its application to glass production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaochun Yao et al

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The conventional method used for glass melting is air-fuel firing, which is inefficient, energy-intensive and time-consuming. In this study, an innovative in-flight melting technology was developed and applied to glass production for the purposes of energy conservation and environmental protection. Three types of heating sources, radio-frequency (RF plasma, a 12-phase alternating current (ac arc and an oxygen burner, were used to investigate the in-flight melting behavior of granulated powders. Results show that the melted particles are spherical with a smooth surface and compact structure. The diameter of the melted particles is about 50% of that of the original powders. The decomposition and vitrification degrees of the prepared powders decrease in the order of powders prepared by RF plasma, the 12-phase ac arc and the oxygen burner. The largest heat transfer is from RF plasma to particles, which results in the highest particle temperature (1810 °C and the greatest vitrification degree of the raw material. The high decomposition and vitrification degrees, which are achieved in milliseconds, shorten the melting and fining times of the glass considerably. Our results indicate that the proposed in-flight melting technology is a promising method for use in the glass industry.

  20. Resource-saving technology for manufacturing billets for piston’s rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Krutilin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Piston’s rings are one of the most critical parts of heavy-duty engines for wear-work in conditions of prolonged exposure of alternating loads and high temperatures. Currently in the world production of billets for piston’s rings is dominated by the two methods of casting: production of individual and oiling billets of gray and ductile cast iron in green-sand mold and shell mold and centrifugal casting method (intended primarily for oiling billets of ductile iron; the technology for individual production billets for piston’s rings with a diameter up to 250 mm, from 250 to 450 mm with individual and oiling ways, over 450 mm - preference of oiling billet. The best parameters of physical-mechanical and operational characteristics piston’s rings are in the case of manufacture of billets to the maximum extent approaching the configuration to the finished product. The rings made of shaped billets are characterized by uniform distribution of properties from the perimeter, provide a given diagram of pressures and full fit to the cylinder. Because of deficiencies of traditional methods of casting, continuous quality requirements for billets, the need for economy of material, fuel and energy resources, are finding new progressive technological processes of production of high-quality billets for piston’s rings. One of the most promising for piston rings billet is a method of casting consists of immersing the sand molds into the melt. It is interesting idea, expressed by A. Sutherland and subsequently patented in several countries in the way of casting method, called "immersion pouring technology" (ICT-Immersion Casting Technique [1]. Experiments, conducted in the laboratory of the Belarusian National Technical University, have identified significant shortcomings of immersion method of casting. When forms are immersing, have an intensive gassing in molten metal, and freezing of the metal on the out surface of the form. But despite some

  1. An overview of China’s building energy saving technologies%中国建筑节能技术概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈忠民

    2014-01-01

    Under the background of global climate change and energy shortages,from the energy saving of building envelope structure,building equipment energy saving,renewable energy application,building energy management etc. ,summarizeds the existing building energy saving tech-nology in our country,provided reference for further research on for building energy efficiency technology.%在全球气候变化和能源短缺的背景下,从建筑围护结构的节能、建筑设备的节能、可再生能源的应用、建筑能源管理等角度出发,总结了我国已有的建筑节能技术,为建筑节能技术的进一步研究提供了参考借鉴。

  2. The Review on Energy Saving Technology Development and Prospect of Centrifugal Pump%离心泵的节能技术发展及前景分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌素琴; 陈勇; 刘莉

    2014-01-01

    It analyzes the current main problems of domestic energy saving technology in centrifugal pump manu -facture , presents the detail technical way for centrifugal pump energy saving from the pump design , manufactur-ing, the system cooperation with connection accessories , the integration of mechanical and electrical instrument development and application .Finally it describes the prospect of energy saving technology for centrifugal pump .%分析了目前国内离心泵在节能方面存在的主要问题,分别从单泵的设计和制造、系统的连接附件配合、机电仪一体化发展以及使用方面有针对性地提出了离心泵节能的技术途径,并对离心泵节能技术客观地进行了前景分析。

  3. Designing New Money

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Ole

    The prospect of central banks issuing digital currency (CBDC) immediately raises the question of how this new form of money should co-exist and interact with exist-ing forms of money. This paper evaluates three different scenarios for the imple-mentation of CBDC in terms of their monetary policy...... implications. In the ‘money user scenario’ CBDC co-exists with both cash and commercial bank deposits. In the ‘money manager scenario’ cash is abolished and CBDC co-exists only with commer-cial bank deposits. And in the ‘money maker scenario’ commercial bank deposits are abolished and CBDC co-exist only...... with cash. The evaluation is based on an adaption of the classical international monetary policy trilemma to a domestic monetary sys-tem with multiple forms of money. Our proposition is that a monetary system with two competing money creators, the central bank and the commercial banking sec-tor, can...

  4. Applying sustainable technology for saving primary energy in the brewhouse during beer brewing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willaert, Ronnie G. [Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Ultrastructure, Brussel (Belgium); Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Brussel (Belgium); Baron, Gino V. [Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Chemical Engineering, Brussel (Belgium)

    2004-12-01

    Wort boiling is the most energy intensive stage in the brewing process. For this reason considerable attention has been given to improve the efficiency of wort boiling systems. Alternative wort boiling technologies, such as low pressure boiling and high temperature wort boiling, have been studied in detail during the last decades, with a focus on the reduction of primary energy consumption. Recently, new boiling systems have been developed and commercialised. The new systems reduced the energy consumption still further and are all characterised by exerting a low thermal stress on the wort during boiling. In this review, an overview of wort boiling objectives, possibilities to reduce the thermal stress on wort and environmental aspects of wort boiling are discussed. Furthermore, recent wort boiling systems - i.e. dynamic low pressure boiling and boiling systems which are based on low thermal stress boiling in combination with volatile stripping (steam, film and vacuum stripping) - are given special attention. (orig.)

  5. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (E-SMARRT): Melting Efficiency Improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Principal Investigator Kent Peaslee; Co-PI’s: Von Richards, Jeffrey Smith

    2012-07-31

    Steel foundries melt recycled scrap in electric furnaces and typically consume 35-100% excess energy from the theoretical energy requirement required to pour metal castings. This excess melting energy is multiplied by yield losses during casting and finishing operations resulting in the embodied energy in a cast product typically being three to six times the theoretical energy requirement. The purpose of this research project was to study steel foundry melting operations to understand energy use and requirements for casting operations, define variations in energy consumption, determine technologies and practices that are successful in reducing melting energy and develop new melting techniques and tools to improve the energy efficiency of melting in steel foundry operations.

  6. Culture-generating, health-saving educational technologies at higher school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitriev S.V.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The modern going is analysed near research of physical culture. Selected and described base components of structure of educational space and subject domain of sporting and adaptive physical culture. It is rotined that consciousness of man works on the sphere of necessities and capabilities is arms with them knowledge. It is marked that it is necessary to examine a reflection as psychical property of personality and as quality of activity. Transition importance is accented from technology of learn (based on the use of traditional methods to the construction of own познавательно-преобразовательных charts on the basis of methods of self-training studies (propulsive to self-training.

  7. Household Savings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Browning, Martin; Lusardi, Annamaria

    In this survey, we review the recent theoretical and empirical literature on household saving and consumption. The discussion is structured around a list of motives for saving and how well the standard theory captures these motives. We show that almost all of the motives for saving that have been...

  8. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy-SMARRT): Light Metals Permanent Mold Casting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fasoyinu, Yemi [CanmetMATERIALS

    2014-03-31

    Current vehicles use mostly ferrous components for structural applications. It is possible to reduce the weight of the vehicle by substituting these parts with those made from light metals such as aluminum and magnesium. Many alloys and manufacturing processes can be used to produce these light metal components and casting is known to be most economical. One of the high integrity casting processes is permanent mold casting which is the focus of this research report. Many aluminum alloy castings used in automotive applications are produced by the sand casting process. Also, aluminum-silicon (Al-Si) alloys are the most widely used alloy systems for automotive applications. It is possible that by using high strength aluminum alloys based on an aluminum-copper (Al-Cu) system and permanent mold casting, the performance of these components can be enhanced significantly. This will also help to further reduce the weight. However, many technological obstacles need to be overcome before using these alloys in automotive applications in an economical way. There is very limited information in the open literature on gravity and low-pressure permanent mold casting of high strength aluminum alloys. This report summarizes the results and issues encountered during the casting trials of high strength aluminum alloy 206.0 (Al-Cu alloy) and moderate strength alloy 535.0 (Al-Mg alloy). Five engineering components were cast by gravity tilt-pour or low pressure permanent mold casting processes at CanmetMATERIALS (CMAT) and two production foundries. The results of the casting trials show that high integrity engineering components can be produced successfully from both alloys if specific processing parameters are used. It was shown that a combination of melt processing and mold temperature is necessary for the elimination of hot tears in both alloys.

  9. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Innovative Semi-Solid Metal (SSM) Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diran Apelian

    2012-08-15

    Semi-solid metal (SSM) processing has emerged as an attractive method for near-net-shape manufacturing due to the distinct advantages it holds over conventional near-net-shape forming technologies. These advantages include lower cycle time, increased die life, reduced porosity, reduced solidification shrinkage, improved mechanical properties, etc. SSM processing techniques can not only produce the complex dimensional details (e.g. thin-walled sections) associated with conventional high-pressure die castings, but also can produce high integrity castings currently attainable only with squeeze and low-pressure permanent mold casting processes. There are two primary semi-solid processing routes, (a) thixocasting and (b) rheocasting. In the thixocasting route, one starts from a non-dendritic solid precursor material that is specially prepared by a primary aluminum manufacturer, using continuous casting methods. Upon reheating this material into the mushy (a.k.a. "two-phase") zone, a thixotropic slurry is formed, which becomes the feed for the casting operation. In the rheocasting route (a.k.a. "slurry-on-demand" or "SoD"), one starts from the liquid state, and the thixotropic slurry is formed directly from the melt via careful thermal management of the system; the slurry is subsequently fed into the die cavity. Of these two routes, rheocasting is favored in that there is no premium added to the billet cost, and the scrap recycling issues are alleviated. The CRP (Trade Marked) is a process where the molten metal flows through a reactor prior to casting. The role of the reactor is to ensure that copious nucleation takes place and that the nuclei are well distributed throughout the system prior to entering the casting cavity. The CRP (Trade Marked) has been successfully applied in hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloys (i.e., 390 alloy) where two liquids of equal or different compositions and temperatures are mixed in the reactor and creating a SSM slurry. The process has been mostly

  10. Far ahead of the times. Measurements demonstrate: solar thermal heating systems save money at the highest level of domestic comfort; Der Zeit weit voraus. Messungen beweisen: solarthermische Heizsysteme sparen bares Geld bei hoechstem Wohnkomfort

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2012-12-15

    If someone wants to build or renovate its own home at present, is well advised to decide for a sustainable and cost saving energy concept. Already at the beginning of this year, the oil and gas prices amount to more than 90 cent per litre. Tendency: increasing. Many households look back on one of the most expensive heating periods of the past five years, although the winter 2011/2012 brought average temperatures statistically. If someone wants to become independent from the development of the energy prices, needs a building and heating concept which meets the heat requirement from renewable energy resources as wide-ranging as possible.

  11. Study on Construction Technology and Measures of Energy-saving Building%节能建筑施工技术及措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦君

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the research of energy saving and emission reduction technology has at racted more and more at ention al over the world, and energy saving buildings em-erged as the times required. Energy-saving building constru-ction technology can effectively reduce energy consumption, improve the living environment, and to have important sign-ificance for the sustainable development of the construction industry. This paper discussed the construction technology and measures of energy-saving building from many aspects.%近年来,节能减排技术的研究越来越受到世界各国的重视,节能建筑应运而生。节能建筑施工技术可以有效降低建筑行业的能耗、改善居住环境,对建筑行业的可持续性发展有重要意义。本文从多个方面论述了节能建筑施工技术及措施。

  12. Recovery and money management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Michael; Serowik, Kristin L; Ablondi, Karen; Wilber, Charles; Rosen, Marc I

    2013-06-01

    Social recovery and external money management are important approaches in contemporary mental health care, but little research has been done on the relationship between the two or on application of recovery principles to money management for people at risk of being assigned a representative payee or conservator. Out of 49 total qualitative interviews, 25 transcripts with persons receiving Social Security insurance or Social Security disability insurance who were at risk of being assigned a money manager were analyzed to assess the presence of recognized recovery themes. The recovery principles of self-direction and responsibility were strong themes in participant comments related to money management. Money management interventions should incorporate peoples' recovery-related motivations to acquire financial management skills as a means to direct and assume responsibility for one's finances. Staff involved in money management should receive training to support client's recovery-related goals. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Money creation and destruction

    OpenAIRE

    Faure, Salomon; Gersbach, Hans

    2016-01-01

    We study money creation and destruction in today’s monetary architecture and examine the impact of monetary policy and capital regulation in a general equilibrium setting. There are two types of money created and destructed: bank deposits, when banks grant loans to firms or to other banks and central bank money, when the central bank grants loans to private banks. We show that equilibria yield the first-best level of money creation and lending when prices are flexible, regardless of the monet...

  14. Discussion on the green energy saving technology application in building construction%谈建筑施工中绿色节能技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖宁

    2015-01-01

    This paper elaborated the role application of green energy saving technology in building construction,according to the principle of green energy saving technology in building construction,researched the internal green construction technology measures of building top,interior walls,exterior walls,laid foundation for the sustainable development of construction industry.%阐述了建筑施工中应用绿色节能技术的作用,根据绿色节能技术在建筑施工中的原则,对建筑顶部、内墙、外墙、内部的绿色施工技术措施作了研究,为建筑业的可持续发展奠定了基础。

  15. The topology of card transaction money flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanin, Massimiliano; Papo, David; Romance, Miguel; Criado, Regino; Moral, Santiago

    2016-11-01

    Money flow models are essential tools to understand different economical phenomena, like saving propensities and wealth distributions. In spite of their importance, most of them are based on synthetic transaction networks with simple topologies, e.g. random or scale-free ones, as the characterisation of real networks is made difficult by the confidentiality and sensitivity of money transaction data. Here, we present an analysis of the topology created by real credit card transactions from one of the biggest world banks, and show how different distributions, e.g. number of transactions per card or amount, have nontrivial characteristics. We further describe a stochastic model to create transactions data sets, feeding from the obtained distributions, which will allow researchers to create more realistic money flow models.

  16. Money creation and circulation in a credit economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Wanting; Fu, Han; Wang, Yougui

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a multi-agent model describing the main mechanisms of money creation and money circulation in a credit economy. Our special attention is paid to the role of debt in the two processes. With the agent-based modeling approach, macro phenomena are well founded in micro-based causalities. A hypothetical economy composed of a banking system and multiple traders is proposed. Instead of being a pure financial intermediary, the banking system is viewed as the center of money creation and an accelerator of money circulation. Agents finance their expenditures not only by their own savings but also through bank loans. Through mathematical calculations and numerical simulation, we identify the determinants of money multiplier and those of velocity of money. In contrast to the traditional money creation model, the money multiplier is determined not only by the behavior of borrowing but also by the behavior of repayment as well. The velocity of money is found to be influenced by both money-related factors such as the expenditure habits of agents with respect to their income and wealth and debt-related factors such as borrowing and repayment behaviors of debtors and the reserve requirements faced by banks.

  17. Environmental policy and technological change: The effects of economic incentives and direct regulation on energy-saving innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Richard G., Jr.

    Over the long run, the impacts of environmental policies will be greatly affected by the influence these policies have on the rate and direction of technological change. In particular, the roles played by energy prices and product regulation in energy-saving technology innovation are exceptionally important considerations in modeling climate change and evaluating alternative policy options. We analyze the effects of energy prices and energy-efficiency regulations on the menu of air conditioner and water heater models available on the market over a period of more than three decades, measuring their innovation in terms of improvements in the products' underlying characteristics. Through estimation of a series of "characteristics transformation surfaces," we find that during less than four decades, substantial innovation in these products reduced the total capital and operating costs of air conditioning by one-half and water heating by more than one-fifth. Although the overall rate of innovation in these products appears to be independent of energy prices and regulations, the evidence suggests that the direction of innovation may be responsive to energy price changes. This would imply that energy price increases induced innovation in a direction that lowered the capital cost tradeoffs inherent in producing more energy-efficient products. The evidence supporting "regulation-induced" changes in these tradeoffs is much weaker. Our estimates indicate that about one- to two-fifths of the energy-efficiency improvements in these products from 1973 to 1993 were associated with historical changes in energy prices. We also find that this responsiveness to price changes increased substantially after product labeling requirements came into effect, and that minimum efficiency standards had a significant positive effect on average efficiency levels. Nonetheless, a sizeable portion of historical efficiency improvements in these technologies is associated with the products' overall

  18. The Energy Saving Design and Technology of Power Supply and Distribution%试析供配电节能设计与技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱多富; 鲁建成

    2013-01-01

      经济的快速发展使得对电力的需求量越来越大。电力系统中占据庞大的供配电系统直接和千家万户紧密相联,在电能节约上非常重要。提高供配电系统节能设计和节能技术对整个电力系统节电有着举足轻重的作用。%The rapid development of economy makes the incr-easeing demand for power. Occupy a large power system, po-wer supply and distribution system directly and closely related to thousands of families, it is very important in energy conser-vation. Improving energy supply system design and technolog-y of energy saving has play a decisive role in saving the whole power system.

  19. 绍兴台门建筑夏季祛暑节能技术解析%Summer Heat Energy-saving Technology for Shaoxing Taimen Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宁飞

    2013-01-01

    The summer heat energy-saving technologies for Shaoxing “Taimen”(Shaoxing traditional courtyard-dwelling) are expounded on exterior wall insulation, patio ventilation, veranda shade. These passive energy-saving technologies will be crucial in modern residential energy efficiency.%  就绍兴台门建筑的夏季祛暑节能技术,从外围高墙隔热、天井通风、檐廊遮阳这3个方面进行了解析。希望通过解析这些古建筑的被动式节能技术,对现代民居的节能设计起到抛砖引玉的作用。

  20. Increased susceptibility to the innovative energy-saving technologies in the oil and fat industry by improving regulatory and institutional framework

    OpenAIRE

    V.G. Dyuzhev; Popov, N A

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to increase the susceptibility to innovative energy saving technologies in oil and fat industry basing on the formation of organizational and economic section of the regulatory framework of energy efficiency programs. The results of the analysis. Angle susceptibility innovative energy conservation program in the oilseed industry is analyzed in this article. Stages of formation of the organizational and economic section sectoral energy savin...

  1. Increased susceptibility to the innovative energy-saving technologies in the oil and fat industry by improving regulatory and institutional framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.G. Dyuzhev

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to increase the susceptibility to innovative energy saving technologies in oil and fat industry basing on the formation of organizational and economic section of the regulatory framework of energy efficiency programs. The results of the analysis. Angle susceptibility innovative energy conservation program in the oilseed industry is analyzed in this article. Stages of formation of the organizational and economic section sectoral energy saving program to improve the level of susceptibility to specific innovative energy-saving technologies are developed. Step 1. To conduct classification measures in the oil and fat industry by: structural and institutional facilities; types of energy savings; the level of expenses; typical beneficial effects. Step 2. Analysis of information flows from various sources on the problems of energy saving based on the use of energy-saving measures in terms of enterprise in oil and fat industries. Step 3. This step is based on the analysis and systematization of information flows (step 2, and in accordance with the classification criteria (stage 1 were isolated most current energy-saving areas, grouped by objects oil and fat industry, marked specificity processes, respectively, each object has their «targeted» energy efficiency measures. Received results of the group of energy-saving measures after the «address» information flow is an important element in the formation of secondary innovation susceptibility to energy conservation. Step 4. Forming a typical list of possible effects of energy-saving measures for implementation at different sites. Step 5. Combination of typical beneficial effects of specific measures will show the potential effects that are possible as a result of energy conservation on specific sites for specific fuel and energy resources, in particular the level of capital expenditures. It is necessary to improve the innovative capabilities of

  2. Net savings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roche, P.

    2001-02-01

    The state of e-commerce in the Canadian upstream oil and natural gas sector is examined in an effort to discover the extent to which the .com economy has penetrated the marketplace. The overall assessment is that although the situation varies from producer to producer and process to process, a bustling digital marketplace in the Canadian oil business has yet to emerge. Nevertheless, there are several examples of companies using e-business tools to minimize technology staffing and to eliminate wasteful practices. Initiatives cited include streamlining of supply chains to cut handling costs, using application service providers to trim information technology budgets, and adopting electronic joint interest billing to save on printing, postage and re-entering data. Most notable efforts have been made by companies such as BXL Energy Limited and Genesis Exploration Limited, both of which are boosting efficiency on the inside by contracting out data storage and software applications. For example, BXL has replaced its microfilm log library occupying six cabinets, and totalling about 9,000 lbs., by a fibre optic line. All applications can now be run from a laptop which weighs three to four pounds. In a similar vein, Genesis Exploration started using application service providers (ASPs) to avoid the cost and hassle of buying and maintaining major software applications in-house. By accessing the ASPs, Genesis staff can run software without buying or installing it on their own computers. In yet another example of cutting information technology costs, Pengrowth Corporation has its network administration done remotely over the Internet by Northwest Digital Systems (NWD). As far as the industry at large is concerned, the answer appears to be in a digital marketplace specifically tailored to the upstream sector's unique profile. As a start, a study is underway by Deloitte Consulting to explore producer interest in joining or founding an upstream digital marketplace. The study

  3. Case Study – Idling Reduction Technologies for Emergency Service Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laughlin, Michael [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Owens, Russell J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2016-01-01

    This case study explores the use of idle reduction technologies (IRTs) on emergency service vehicles in police, fire, and ambulance applications. Various commercially available IRT systems and approaches can decrease, or ultimately eliminate, engine idling. Fleets will thus save money on fuel, and will also decrease their criteria pollutant emissions, greenhouse gas emissions, and noise.

  4. Pay Yourself First. FDIC Money Smart Financial Education Curriculum = Paguese Usted Primero. FDIC Money Smart Plan de Educacion para Capacitacion en Finanzas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., Washington, DC.

    This module on why one should save is one of ten in the Money Smart curriculum, and includes an instructor guide and a take-home guide. It was developed to help adults outside the financial mainstream enhance their money skills and create positive banking relationships. It is designed to enable participants to recognize the importance of saving…

  5. "Money" is the Reserves not the Money

    OpenAIRE

    James Woods

    2003-01-01

    In this paper I will argue that the institutional implementations that we commonly include in our monetary aggregates are actually more similar to the concept of ``monetary base''. I will also argue that the institutional implementation of accounts payable operates as money. This slightly translated definition implies that a new monetary aggregate that includes accounts payable may be useful for conducting and informing monetary policy.

  6. "Money" is the Reserves not the Money

    OpenAIRE

    James Woods

    2003-01-01

    In this paper I will argue that the institutional implementations that we commonly include in our monetary aggregates are actually more similar to the concept of ``monetary base''. I will also argue that the institutional implementation of accounts payable operates as money. This slightly translated definition implies that a new monetary aggregate that includes accounts payable may be useful for conducting and informing monetary policy.

  7. Hot Money, Hot Potato

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    International hot money flowing into Chinese capital markets has caught the attention of Chinese watchdogs The Chinese are not the only ones feasting on the thriving property and stock markets. Apparently, these markets are the targets of international h

  8. Time, money, and morality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gino, Francesca; Mogilner, Cassie

    2014-02-01

    Money, a resource that absorbs much daily attention, seems to be involved in much unethical behavior, which suggests that money itself may corrupt. This research examined a way to offset such potentially deleterious effects-by focusing on time, a resource that tends to receive less attention than money but is equally ubiquitous in daily life. Across four experiments, we examined whether shifting focus onto time can salvage individuals' ethicality. We found that implicitly activating the construct of time, rather than money, leads individuals to behave more ethically by cheating less. We further found that priming time reduces cheating by making people reflect on who they are. Implications for the use of time primes in discouraging dishonesty are discussed.

  9. Saving Energy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    More and more Chinese consumers are beginning to think about their energy-saving needs when buying apartments. The energy-saving estate market is huge, which provides great opportunities for companies in the business, especially foreign investors. But just how big is this market and how is it developing? Which fields in this industry are suitable for foreign businesses? With these questions in mind, Beijing Review spoke with Li Shuren, Vice Secretary General of the China Real Estate and Housing Research ...

  10. Social norms and money

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, Luís

    2000-01-01

    In an economy where there is no double coincidence of wants and without recordkeeping of past transactions, money is usually seen as the only mechanism that can support exchange. In this paper, we show that, as long as the population is finite and agents are sufficiently patient, a social norm establishing gift-exchange can substitute for money. Notwithstanding, for a given discount factor, the growth of the population size eventually leads to the breakdown of the social norm, ...

  11. A meme for money

    OpenAIRE

    Wray , L. Randall

    2012-01-01

    This paper argues that the usual framing of discussions of money, monetary policy, and fiscal policy plays into the hands of conservatives. That framing is also largely consistent with the conventional view of the economy and of society more generally. To put it the way that economists usually do, money "lubricates" the market mechanism-a good thing, because the conventional view of the market itself is overwhelmingly positive. Acknowledging the work of George Lakoff, this paper takes the pos...

  12. Eroticism of money

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Faulstich

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Money, which is a phenomenon of the economic system, can be perceived from the perspective of eroticism, which is a phenomenon that is embedded in the interpersonal system. Eroticism is based on a drive and it means some particular attraction or inclination to someone. The following questions arise then: What kind of attraction is it? How should this inclination be understood? Eroticism entails the convergence of desire and a promise, which can only be captured from the perspective of cultural studies, i.e. by situating money in a cultural system. The eroticism of money is an attractive topic as its meaning goes beyond the boundaries of a system and society, which is why also those who are not competent in the field of economics can take a stance with regard to this matter. The cultural aspect of money has been discussed occasionally so far. As for cultural studies, the analysis of money mostly entails two approaches: historical and critical. This is because one should analyze the issue of money from the historical perspective while keeping a critical distance and not being afraid of making evaluations.

  13. Using learning curves on energy-efficient technologies to estimate future energy savings and emission reduction potentials in the U.S. iron and steel industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karali, Nihan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Park, Won Young [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); McNeil, Michael A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-06-18

    Increasing concerns on non-sustainable energy use and climate change spur a growing research interest in energy efficiency potentials in various critical areas such as industrial production. This paper focuses on learning curve aspects of energy efficiency measures in the U.S iron and steel sector. A number of early-stage efficient technologies (i.e., emerging or demonstration technologies) are technically feasible and have the potential to make a significant contribution to energy saving and CO2 emissions reduction, but fall short economically to be included. However, they may also have the cost effective potential for significant cost reduction and/or performance improvement in the future under learning effects such as ‘learning-by-doing’. The investigation is carried out using ISEEM, a technology oriented, linear optimization model. We investigated how steel demand is balanced with/without the availability learning curve, compared to a Reference scenario. The retrofit (or investment in some cases) costs of energy efficient technologies decline in the scenario where learning curve is applied. The analysis also addresses market penetration of energy efficient technologies, energy saving, and CO2 emissions in the U.S. iron and steel sector with/without learning impact. Accordingly, the study helps those who use energy models better manage the price barriers preventing unrealistic diffusion of energy-efficiency technologies, better understand the market and learning system involved, predict future achievable learning rates more accurately, and project future savings via energy-efficiency technologies with presence of learning. We conclude from our analysis that, most of the existing energy efficiency technologies that are currently used in the U.S. iron and steel sector are cost effective. Penetration levels increases through the years, even though there is no price reduction. However, demonstration technologies are not economically

  14. ENDOGENEITY OF INDONESIAN MONEY SUPPLY

    OpenAIRE

    Meutia Safrina Rachma

    2011-01-01

    There has been a long debate about the endogeneity of money supply. The main objective of this article is to identify whether money supply in Indonesia is an exogenous or an endogenous variable. Using a Vector Autoregressive model and monthly data 1997(5)-2010(6), the estimation result shows that money supply in Indonesia is an endogenous variable. The movement of broad money supply does influence the movement of base money and Consumer Price Index. Consequently, the central bank does not hav...

  15. Money Supply as the Target of the Central Bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jędruchniewicz Andrzej

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the article is a critical analysis of the monetary policy strategy that is based on the adoption of money supply as an intermediate target. The analysis is conducted from the perspective of the theory of the Austrian school. The first part of the article presents an influence of the supply of money on changes of categories in economy according to mainstream theories of economics. The second part discusses the essence of the strategy of monetary policy using money supply as an intermediate target from the point of view of the main trend in economics. It is demonstrated that in order to use it, two elementary conditions must be met: the function of demand for money must be at least relatively stable and the central bank must practically shape changes in the money supply at the planned level. The third part is of key importance for the purpose of this article. It involves the criticism of Friedman’s principle, i.e. a constant increase in money supply as a monetary strategy. According to the Austrian theory, an increase in the quantity of money which is not financed by voluntary savings separates the time structure of production and consumption. Thus, after the period of prosperity there a collapse in production must take place. It is also pointed out that the crisis can be postponed only when the quantity of money increases at an ever faster rate.

  16. Statistical Mechanics of Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragulescu, Adrian; Yakovenko, Victor

    2000-03-01

    We study a network of agents exchanging money between themselves. We find that the stationary probability distribution of money M is the Gibbs distribution exp(-M/T), where T is an effective ``temperature'' equal to the average amount of money per agent. This is in agreement with the general laws of statistical mechanics, because money is conserved during each transaction and the number of agents is held constant. We have verified the emergence of the Gibbs distribution in computer simulations of various trading rules and models. When the time-reversal symmetry of the trading rules is explicitly broken, deviations from the Gibbs distribution may occur, as follows from the Boltzmann-equation approach to the problem. Money distribution characterizes the purchasing power of a system. A seller would maximize his/her income by setting the price of a product equal to the temperature T of the system. Buying products from a system of temperature T1 and selling it to a system of temperature T2 would generate profit T_2-T_1>0, as in a thermal machine.

  17. Savings account for health care costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... employer or yourself if you change jobs Flexible Spending Arrangements (FSA) An FSA is a pre-tax savings account offered by an employer for any type of health plan. You can use the money to be reimbursed for medical expenses. Self-employed individuals cannot get an FSA. With an FSA, you ...

  18. Money Management for Children and Parents. The CIRcular: Consumer Information Report 25.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bank of America NT & SA, San Francisco, CA.

    This report provides parents with information on teaching their children about budgeting, saving, and careful spending as well as information on giving their children money, bonds, and stocks. Topics covered include: (1) participation of young children in family shopping; (2) money management skills developed through giving children an allowance;…

  19. Monetary policy and the transaction role of money in the United States

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kriwoluzky, A.; Stoltenberg, C.A.

    2012-01-01

    We argue that the declining importance of money in saving transaction costs can explain the well-known fact that U.S. interest rate policy was passive in the pre-Volcker period and active after 1982. To identify the declining role of money in transactions as the driving force for the change in

  20. Teaching Time Value of Money Using an Excel Retirement Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arellano, Fernando; Mulig, Liz; Rhame, Susan

    2012-01-01

    The time value of money (TVM) is required knowledge for all business students. It is traditionally taught in finance and accounting classes for use in various applications in the business curriculum. These concepts are also very useful in real life situations such as calculating the amount to save for retirement. This paper details a retirement…

  1. The Development of Anti-Money Laundering Regime: Challenging issues to sovereignty, jurisdiction, law enforcement, and their implications on the effectiveness in countering money laundering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Amrani (Hanafi)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThere is a relationship between money laundering and anti-money laundering regime (hereinafter referred to as ‘AML-regime’). On the one hand, money laundering has significantly increased following the development of technology that offers complicated, sophisticated, and professional

  2. The Development of Anti-Money Laundering Regime: Challenging issues to sovereignty, jurisdiction, law enforcement, and their implications on the effectiveness in countering money laundering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Amrani (Hanafi)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThere is a relationship between money laundering and anti-money laundering regime (hereinafter referred to as ‘AML-regime’). On the one hand, money laundering has significantly increased following the development of technology that offers complicated, sophisticated, and professional meth

  3. Advisory Systems Save Time, Fuel for Airlines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Heinz Erzberger never thought the sky was falling, but he knew it could benefit from enhanced traffic control. Throughout the 1990s, Erzberger led a team at Ames Research Center to develop a suite of automated tools to reduce restrictions and improve the efficiency of air traffic control operations. Called CTAS, or Center-TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach Control) Automation System, the software won NASA s Software of the Year award in 1998, and one of the tools in the suite - the traffic management advisor - was adopted by the Federal Aviation Administration and implemented at traffic control centers across the United States. Another one of the tools, Direct-To, has followed a different path. The idea behind Direct-To, explains Erzberger, a senior scientist at Ames, was that airlines could save fuel and money by shortening the routes they flew between take-off and landing. Aircraft are often limited to following established airways comprised of inefficient route segments. The routes are not easily adjusted because neither the pilot nor the aircraft controller can anticipate the constantly changing air traffic situation. To make the routes more direct while in flight, Erzberger came up with an idea for a software algorithm that could automatically examine air traffic in real-time, check to see if a shortcut was available, and then check for conflicts. If there were no conflicts and the shortcut saved more than 1 minute of flight time, the controller could be notified. "I was trying to figure out what goes on in the pilot and controller s minds when they decide to guide the aircraft in a certain way. That resulted in a different kind analysis," Erzberger says. As the engineer s idea went from theory to practice, in 2001, NASA demonstrated Direct-To in the airspace of Dallas-Ft. Worth. Estimations based on the demonstration found the technology was capable of saving 900 flying minutes per day for the aircraft in the test area.

  4. 我国电弧炉炼钢节能技术概况%Energy-saving Technologies of EAF Steelmaking in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞永刚; 纪志军; 吴龙; 王玉刚; 王会中; 李士琦

    2011-01-01

    近年来我国电弧炉炼钢产量不断增加,但是由于我国电炉钢生产所需废钢和电能成本较高,电炉钢在粗钢总产量中所占比重不断下降,到2008年降至10%左右,远低于世界约30%的平均水平.分析了电弧炉炼钢过程中能量的构成,得出电弧炉炼钢的能源供应包括电能和辅助能源;重点介绍了我国电弧炉炼钢节能技术的概况,包括电弧炉容量大型化、优化炉料结构技术、节电技术、强化冶炼技术、余热利用技术等五个方面.%In recent years, the production of eaf steel increases unceasingly in China, but because of the high cost of the scrap steel and electricity, the ratio of eaf steel to crude steel falls to about 10% after 2008, far lower than average level of about 30% in the world. The energy composition of EAF steelmaking process was analyzed, which is constituted by electric energy and auxiliary energy; the energy-saving technologies of EAF steelmaking in China was introduced, including five aspects as follows: large-scale capacity of EAF, EAF burden structure optimization technology, energy-saving technology, oxygen strengthening technology and waste heat utilization technology.

  5. Study on the Energy-saving Wall Insulation Technology of Building%建筑节能墙体保温技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    With the rapid growth of the economy, the problem of energy shortage in our country is becoming increasingly serious, energy conservation has become an important problem faced by modern society. Science and technology innovation of chemical enterprise makes the building energy-saving wal in China may be the thermal insulation material, the use of this material not only meet the requirements of environmental protection, but also reduces the construction cost. Based on the implementation of energy-saving wall insulation materials, this paper discusses the types of building energy-saving wal insul-ation technology, provides basis for the application of new ma-terials.%  随着经济的快速增长,我国的能源短缺问题日益严重,节能工作成为现代社会面临的重要问题。化工企业的科技革新使得我国的建筑节能墙体保温材料成为了可能,这种材料的使用不仅符合绿色环保的要求,也降低了施工工艺的成本。本文以节能墙体保温材料出发,探讨了建筑节能墙体保温技术的实施类型,为新材料的运用提出了基础。

  6. Private Money, Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.; McShane, Michael Q.

    2013-01-01

    It's no secret that states and the federal government have found themselves in a financial pinch when it comes to higher education. After years of recession and sluggish recovery, states have slashed per-pupil public spending on higher education by 14.6 percent since 2008. At the federal level, though money for Pell Grants has more than doubled…

  7. Introduction: Money and Development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.M. Gomez (Georgina)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractThis special issue of the International Journal of Community Currency Research (IJCCR) includes 15 papers that their authors presented in their earlier versions at the 2nd International Conference on Complementary and Community Currency Systems, ‘Multiple moneys and development: making p

  8. Money or Education?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Mikkel

    2011-01-01

    of the Danish labour market during the late 1970s and 1980s pushed them into two different long-term strategies of money or education respectively. This created a split in the Pakistani community between educated and non-educated families and shaped the second generation’s way of life in terms of, for example...

  9. Private Money, Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.; McShane, Michael Q.

    2013-01-01

    It's no secret that states and the federal government have found themselves in a financial pinch when it comes to higher education. After years of recession and sluggish recovery, states have slashed per-pupil public spending on higher education by 14.6 percent since 2008. At the federal level, though money for Pell Grants has more than doubled…

  10. Fending Off Hot Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Amid uncertainties about the amount of hot money,the government strives to curb the harmful capital The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index was plagued by dips, climbs and dives as the stock market slumped from 3,186 to 2,838 points

  11. THE PUZZLE OF SIMULTANEOUS SAVINGS AND DEBTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RODICA IANOLE

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available „Neither a borrower nor a lender be” recommends Shakespeare in Hamlet. The advice seems particularly interesting in nowadays society where a person can be easily found in both approximate situations, in the same time. It goes without saying that saving and borrowing do not describe mutually exclusive strategies of financial management and thus many people retain savings or carry on saving at the same time as having debts. We add to this fact a more pragmatically wisdom, the one of the economist Robert Solow -“We (economists think of wealth as fungible; we think a dollar is a dollar. Why don't they (the others do so?” (Solow, 1987 – and we naturally ask ourselves if the mechanism of having simultaneous savings and debts is a rational one, according to traditional economics.Making appeal to the emerging body of behavioral economics literature we reach to the mental accounting theory to see if it can explain savings inclination versus debt inclination. The main research question we want to explore is the following: if mental accounting prevents people from spending money from one „mental account” on goods belonging to another one, will people – after using all their money from a given account – be willing to go into debt to buy goods belonging to this account in a situation when they still have money in other accounts?

  12. Application Analysis of Energy Saving Construction Technology in Buildings%房屋建筑工程中节能施工技术的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占秀娣

    2014-01-01

    目前,建筑节能施工技术的应用范围越来越广,节能环保理念也逐渐深入到各行业中。建筑业是我国的支柱产业,绿色施工已经成为时代所必须。文章对建筑节能施工技术的实际应用中存在的问题做出对应措施的阐述。%At present, the scope of application of construction technology of building energy saving is more and more wide, the energy saving and environmental protection has been gra- dualy into the industry. The construction industry is a pilar industry in China, and green construction has become a must of era. This paper expounds the corresponding measures for the existing problems in the practical application of building energy conservation construction technology.

  13. 机房空调节能技术探讨%Introduction and Analysis on Energy Saving Technologies of Machine Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈胜朋; 梁立平; 陈红; 顾春兵; 侯聪聪; 陈振乾

    2013-01-01

    机房空调能耗占机房设备总能耗的50%左右,分别从利用自然冷源、雾化喷淋降温、智能控制及日常维护等方面分析和探讨了机房专用空调节能技术,各机房可根据现实条件,采用其中的一条或几条节能措施,具有很重要的现实意义。%Air conditioning energy consumption of machine room accounts for more than 40%of the total energy consumption. In this paper, several energy saving technologies are analyzed and dintroduced, including utilizing natural cooling resources, spaying, intelligent control and maintenance. It has a very important practical significance to use some of the energy saving technologies according to the particular conditions in the machine room.

  14. 数据中心空调节能技术的应用实例%Application of air conditioning energy saving technology for data center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段轶伊; 姜俊海; 李瑞雅; 严冬

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the development of air condition mode , and introduces the common air conditioning energy saving technology used in data center. As a example of a center in Beijing, the text analyses the impact of water Free-cooling technology to the data center from energy efficiency and operation cost in a data center in Beijing for example.%本文简述了数据中心空调制冷方式的发展,介绍了目前常用的数据中心空调节能技术,并以北京某数据中心为例,从能效和运行费用等方面分析了水冷Free-Cooling技术对数据中心的影响。

  15. 大型尿素装置节能技术改造综述%Overview of Energy-Saving Technology Renovation in Large Scale Urea Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘增胜

    2011-01-01

    介绍大型二氧化碳汽提法和氨汽提法尿素装置的工艺特点.针对各种工艺特点,综述我国20世纪70年代后陆续引进的大型尿素装置节能技术改造的情况.提出大型尿素装置进一步进行技术改造的努力方向和建议.%Process features are described of the large scale urea plants adopting carbon dioxide stripping or ammonia stripping process. In connection with each process features, an overview is given of energy-saving technology renovation of large scale urea plants adopting carbon dioxide stripping process successively introduced since the 1970s by our country. The aspects and suggestions for further technology renovation of the large scale urea plants are proposed.

  16. Discussion on energy saving technology of building envelop enclosure structure exterior%谈建筑围护结构外墙节能技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晋凤

    2016-01-01

    介绍了建筑外墙结构的保温技术,论述了外墙外保温技术的优势,分析了聚苯板薄抹灰外墙外保温施工中的技术问题,总结出施工中的几点建议与技术措施,从而提高了建筑围护结构的节能水平,减少了资源浪费.%The paper introduced the thermal insulation technology of building exterior structure,discussed the advantages of external wall thermal insulation technology,analyzed the technical problems in polystyrene board external wall thermal insulation construction,summarized several sug-gestions and technical measures in construction,so as to improve the energy saving level of building exterior,reduced the resources waste.

  17. Five Smart Ways Educators Can Save Money on Benefit Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Pat

    2012-01-01

    State and local governments today face significant financial stress from the most recent recession, which makes their need to control benefit costs even greater. Revenues declined 22% from 2008 to 2009, mostly because of reduced tax income. At the same time, state and local government spending on unemployment compensation jumped 86%. It is no…

  18. 5 Ways to Save Students--And Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravage, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    For students, the financial ramifications of not graduating are eye-opening: Over the course of their lifetimes, students without a degree will earn an average of $800,000 less than their cap-and-gown brethren, according to the nonprofit College Board. The number is even more depressing in light of another statistic: In 2009, only 55 percent of…

  19. Five Smart Ways Educators Can Save Money on Benefit Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Pat

    2012-01-01

    State and local governments today face significant financial stress from the most recent recession, which makes their need to control benefit costs even greater. Revenues declined 22% from 2008 to 2009, mostly because of reduced tax income. At the same time, state and local government spending on unemployment compensation jumped 86%. It is no…

  20. Saving Lives and Money Two Wheels at a Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    riders had less than five months experience on the accident motorcycle.  Motorcyclist had less than two seconds to maneuver to avoid accident ...other states as a waiver to the state motorcycle road test. C. OTHER STUDIES Other studies related to motorcycle accidents look at the cost for...killed or injured in motorcycle accidents in 2008 were riding sport bikes. Some leaders see the combination of young service members and motorcycles

  1. Ergonomics: A Commonsense Activity That Can Save Schools Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleer, Paul; Gauthier-Green, Erin

    2002-01-01

    Describes the use of ergonomics to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders such as back pain, tendonitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Describes ergonomics and how to identify ergonomic problems, conduct a job hazard analysis, and develop solutions. Also lists common ergonomic errors in schools. Provides an ergonomic checklist for employees…

  2. Do Joint Fighter Programs Save Money? Technical Appendixes on Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Philippe, “Empirical Estimates of the Relationship Between Product Market Competition and Innovation,” in Jean -Philippe Touffut, ed., Institutions...www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P7495.html Mason, Francis K., Phantom: A Legend in Its Own Time, Osceola, Wis.: Motorbooks International, 1983. Mayer

  3. Saving money through employee motivation and participation. Enersave 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    This booklet deals with the human factor in energy conservation in industry. It emphasizes one major premise: that well-motivated employees are essential in successful energy conservation programs. Specific examples are given of the types of programs Canadian companies are undertaking to motivate and involve their employees in energy conservation. Crucial to the success of such programs is support from the highest administrative levels of the company. An energy conservation committee is recommended, one that would identify conservation opportunities, consider and implement conservation measures, and ensure employee participation and motivation. Measurement is an important part of the motivation process, as it enables the ongoing success of any conservation program to be monitored and thus provides a feedback to those interested in seeing the program work effectively. Publicizing the program, educating the employees on conservation matters, and involving all the employees are all given their due importance in this process. 4 figs.

  4. Save money the easy way with bio-control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet potato whitefly is a key insect pests affecting cotton and many other agronomic and horticultural crops in the southwestern U.S. Prior research has shown that arthropod natural enemies, particularly predators, can have a significant impact on whitefly population dynamics and can regulate popul...

  5. Anti-Money Laundering Regulations And The Effective Use Of Mobile Money In South Africa – Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marike Kersop

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mobile financial services, specifically mobile money, has the potential to expand access to financial services to millions of unbanked people in South Africa. As such, it looks very promising in terms of financial inclusion. However, concerns exist that mobile money can be detrimental to financial integrity since there are several proven risk factors linked to mobile financial services. These risk factors make mobile money very susceptible to money laundering. The potential for abuse and the need for appropriate controls is therefore something which cannot be ignored. While the South African legislator has made provision for comprehensive anti-money laundering preventative measures by means of the Financial Intelligence Centre Act 38 of 2001, there exists no South African legislation explicitly concerned with mobile money. It is therefore difficult to determine what the regulatory stance is in terms of mobile money in South Africa. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF is, however, currently focusing attention on the effect which mobile money may have on financial integrity. The latest FATF Recommendations make provision for several anti-money laundering controls which are specifically applicable to mobile money, including controls regarding money or value transfer services and new technologies. While it is always difficult to balance financial integrity and financial inclusion, the risk-based approach makes it possible for governments to implement effective anti-money laundering measures, thereby preserving financial integrity, without the need to compromise on financial inclusion objectives. The fact that South Africa has not fully adopted a risk-based approach is a problem which needs to be addressed if mobile money is to deliver on its promises for financial inclusion, without being detrimental to financial integrity

  6. ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING REGULATIONS AND THE EFFECTIVE USE OF MOBILE MONEY IN SOUTH AFRICA – PART 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marike Kersop

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mobile financial services, specifically mobile money, has the potential to expand access to financial services to millions of unbanked people in South Africa. As such, it looks very promising in terms of financial inclusion. However, concerns exist that mobile money can be detrimental to financial integrity since there are several proven risk factors linked to mobile financial services. These risk factors make mobile money very susceptible to money laundering. The potential for abuse and the need for appropriate controls is therefore something which cannot be ignored. While the South African legislator has made provision for comprehensive anti-money laundering preventative measures by means of the Financial Intelligence Centre Act 38 of 2001, there exists no South African legislation explicitly concerned with mobile money. It is therefore difficult to determine what the regulatory stance is in terms of mobile money in South Africa. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF is, however, currently focusing attention on the effect which mobile money may have on financial integrity. The latest FATF Recommendations make provision for several anti-money laundering controls which are specifically applicable to mobile money, including controls regarding money or value transfer services and new technologies . While it is always difficult to balance financial integrity and financial inclusion, the risk-based approach makes it possible for governments to implement effective anti-money laundering measures, thereby preserving financial integrity, without the need to compromise on financial inclusion objectives. The fact that South Africa has not fully adopted a risk-based approach is a problem which needs to be addressed if mobile money is to deliver on its promises for financial inclusion, without being detrimental to financial integrity

  7. Prospects for Money Transfer Models

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Y; Xi, N; Wang, Yougui; Ding, Ning; Xi, Ning

    2005-01-01

    Recently, in order to explore the mechanism behind wealth or income distribution, several models have been proposed by applying principles of statistical mechanics. These models share some characteristics, such as consisting of a group of individual agents, a pile of money and a specific trading rule. Whatever the trading rule is, the most noteworthy fact is that money is always transferred from one agent to another in the transferring process. So we call them money transfer models. Besides explaining income and wealth distributions, money transfer models can also be applied to other disciplines. In this paper we summarize these areas as statistical distribution, economic mobility, transfer rate and money creation. First, money distribution (or income distribution) can be exhibited by recording the money stock (flow). Second, the economic mobility can be shown by tracing the change in wealth or income over time for each agent. Third, the transfer rate of money and its determinants can be analyzed by tracing t...

  8. ENDOGENEITY OF INDONESIAN MONEY SUPPLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meutia Safrina Rachma

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available There has been a long debate about the endogeneity of money supply. The main objective of this article is to identify whether money supply in Indonesia is an exogenous or an endogenous variable. Using a Vector Autoregressive model and monthly data 1997(5-2010(6, the estimation result shows that money supply in Indonesia is an endogenous variable. The movement of broad money supply does influence the movement of base money and Consumer Price Index. Consequently, the central bank does not have control power on money supply. The bank is only able to maintain the stability and control the movement of broad money supply. Keywords: Endogenous variable, money supply, vector autoregressionJEL classification numbers: E51, E52, E58

  9. Experimental quantum forgery of quantum optical money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartkiewicz, Karol; Černoch, Antonín; Chimczak, Grzegorz; Lemr, Karel; Miranowicz, Adam; Nori, Franco

    2017-03-01

    Unknown quantum information cannot be perfectly copied (cloned). This statement is the bedrock of quantum technologies and quantum cryptography, including the seminal scheme of Wiesner's quantum money, which was the first quantum-cryptographic proposal. Surprisingly, to our knowledge, quantum money has not been tested experimentally yet. Here, we experimentally revisit the Wiesner idea, assuming a banknote to be an image encoded in the polarization states of single photons. We demonstrate that it is possible to use quantum states to prepare a banknote that cannot be ideally copied without making the owner aware of only unauthorized actions. We provide the security conditions for quantum money by investigating the physically-achievable limits on the fidelity of 1-to-2 copying of arbitrary sequences of qubits. These results can be applied as a security measure in quantum digital right management.

  10. Money Laundering and its Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto E. Chong; Florencio López-de-Silanes

    2007-01-01

    The recent wave of terrorist attacks has increased the attention paid to money laundering activities. Using several methodologies, this paper investigates empirically the determinants of money laundering and its regulation in over 80 countries by assembling a cross-country dataset on proxies for money laundering and the prevalence of feeding activities. The paper additionally constructs specific money laundering regulation indices based on available information on laws and their mechanisms of...

  11. Money Laundering and its Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto E. Chong; Florencio López-de-Silanes

    2007-01-01

    The recent wave of terrorist attacks has increased the attention paid to money laundering activities. Using several methodologies, this paper investigates empirically the determinants of money laundering and its regulation in over 80 countries by assembling a cross-country dataset on proxies for money laundering and the prevalence of feeding activities. The paper additionally constructs specific money laundering regulation indices based on available information on laws and their mechanisms of...

  12. 浅议覆膜保墒旱作节水农业技术%Film Preservation of Soil Moisture Water-saving Agricultural Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵晓林

    2013-01-01

    Laminating moisture conservation technology is an important scientific and technological support for the development of water-saving agriculture. Including the autumn coated and early spring laminating coating in the modern sense of the soil moisture water-saving agricultural technology in the coating time semi film coverage and film coverage, including in the coating way to stay membranes, including the extension of the cover film using with stubble wintering and a film two years. Compared with the traditional plastic film cover cropping, the modern coating soil moisture water-saving agriculture technology to achieve the basic "five changes": GM crops sowing date coating for the fall or early spring coating change semimembranosus coverage for the whole film coverage, change a film for a film two years with a one-year change ridge surface level multicast double furrow sowing, five changed almost all planting corn planting corn for local conditions, potato, sunflower, melon, millet drought-resistant crops and other characteristics.%覆膜保墒技术是发展旱作节水农业的重要科技支撑。现代意义上的覆膜保墒旱作节水农业技术在覆膜时间上包括秋覆膜和早春覆膜,在覆膜方式上包括半膜覆盖和全膜覆盖,在覆盖膜延期利用上包括留膜留茬越冬和一膜两年用。与传统地膜覆盖种植方式相比,现代覆膜保墒旱作节水农业技术基本实现了“五改”:一是改作物播期覆膜为秋季或早春覆膜,二是改半膜覆盖为全膜覆盖,三是改一膜一年用为一膜两年用,四是改垄面平播为双垄沟播,五是改几乎全部种植玉米为因地制宜种植玉米、马铃薯、向日葵、西甜瓜、谷子等各种特色抗旱作物。

  13. 浅谈建筑围护结构节能技术%Discussion on Building Energy Saving Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪洋

    2012-01-01

    在当下能源环境下,建筑节能技术在实际工程中的实施中已占有一席之地。本文旨在通过对围护结构的节能技术的讨论来介绍在实际应用中能够发挥作用的设计与方案。%Under the circumstance of the energy efficiency,it is quite important to use the technique of building energy saving in projects. By talking about the energy efficiency in the building envelope,this article mainly introduce the designs and programs which play an important part in the buildings

  14. Money illusion and coordination failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fehr, Ernst; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    2007-01-01

    Economists long considered money illusion to be largely irrelevant. Here we show, however, that money illusion has powerful effects on equilibrium selection. If we represent payoffs in nominal terms, choices converge to the Pareto inferior equilibrium; however, if we lift the veil of money by rep...

  15. Using Energy Saving Technologies to Create Green Mines%利用节能减排技术创建绿色矿山

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洁

    2011-01-01

    As a coal production corporation with the history of 130 years, Tangshan Mining still keep gross production with 400 million tons per annual. Recently, sticking to big picture, Tangshan Mining warmly respond to the call of energy saving and emission reduction, vigorously organize and actualize energy saving and technical innovation project to lower down resource consumption, emission reduction project to cut down environment pollution when promoting production. This essay presents outstanding achievement that was made by Tangshan Mining in the aspect of energy saving and emission reduction technology application and eliminating dated production equipments.%唐山矿业公司做为一家有着130余年开采历史的煤炭企业,至今年产量仍保持在400万吨左右.近年来,唐山矿业公司积极响应国家关于做好节能减排工作的号召,在抓生产的同时,始终坚持从保护环境、节约能源的大局出发,大力组织实施降低能源消耗的节能技改项目和减少环境污染的减排项目.本文介绍了唐山矿业公司在节能减排技术应用及淘汰落后产能设备方面取得的显著成绩.

  16. 商业建筑的智能化节能降耗%Using the Intelligent Technology to Realize the Energy-saving of Commercial Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭开华

    2012-01-01

    Commercial intelligent building includes the types ol olfice buildings, hotels, shopping malls etc, it combines the building automation system, office automation system and communication network system automation to realize the optimal combination of the structure, systems, services, management, to provide a safe, efficient, comfortable, convenient construction environment. It has remarkable economic benefits taking energy-saving measures on business intelligence architecture, this article mainly elaborated stages of the energy-saving measures of the building energy sources, plaiming, design, and implementation. It introduces how to use intelligent technology to realize the energy-saving and consumption reducing.%商业智能建筑包括写字楼、酒店、商场等类型,其以建筑为平台,兼备建筑设备自动化、办公自动化和通信网络系统自动化,以结构、系统、服务、管理之间的最优化组合为目的,向人们提供一个安全、高效、舒适、便利的建筑环境。实践证明,如果对商业智能建筑采取节能措施,将具有显著的经济效益。本文主要阐述了建筑能耗的来源,规划、设计、实施各阶段的节能措施,以及如何利用智能化技术来实现节能降耗。

  17. 保温施工技术在建筑外墙节能中的创新应用%Innovative Application of Insulation Construction Technology in Building Energy Saving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小龙

    2013-01-01

    The reform of building wall and innovative applic-ation of wal energy saving technology is an important part of building energy saving technology, and the development of ex-ternal wal insulation technology and energy saving materials is one of the main ways of building energy saving. Thus, based on the main construction technology of exterior wall thermal insulation and heat preservation material choice, this paper ma-kes the thorough discussion on the innovative application of i-nsulation construction technology in architectural exterior ene-rgy-saving.%对建筑墙体的改革以及墙体节能技术的创新应用是建筑节能技术的重要环节,并且发展外墙保温技术和其节能材料是建筑节能的主要实现方式之一。本文结合建筑外墙保温的主要施工技术以及保温材料的选择,对保温施工技术在建筑外墙节能中的创新应用进行了深入的探讨。

  18. Does Parents' Money Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    This paper asks whether parental income per se has a positive impact on children's human capital accumulation. Previous research has established that income is positively correlated across generations. This does not prove that parents' money matters, however, since income is presumably correlated with unobserved abilities transmitted across generations. This paper estimates the impact of parental income by focusing on variation due to parental factors -- union, industry, and job loss experien...

  19. Air2Air{trademark} water-saving technology goes on line at PNM's San Juan station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-06-15

    The US Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory estimates that US power plant cooling towers evaporate a total of no less than three billion gallons of water each day. A new technology from SPX currently under test at Public Service of New Mexico's San Juan coal fired unit could provide a way of recovering some of this. 1 fig.

  20. 谈现代化建筑的电气节能技术应用%Application of Electrical Energy Saving Technology of Modern Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李斌

    2014-01-01

    In energy consumption, building energy consum-ption accounts for about 1/4 of the total social consumption. In building energy consumption, building electrical energy cons-umption’s proportion is very large. Therefore, how to design the electrical energy is a major breakthrough in building ene-rgy saving. This paper discusses the status quo and the prin-ciple of building electrical energy, put ing forward the concrete application of electric energy saving technology.%在能源消耗中,建筑能耗大概占社会总能耗的1/4。在建筑能耗中,建筑电气能耗所占比重非常之大。因此,如何设计电气节能,是建筑节能的主要突破口。本文探讨了建筑电气节能的现状和原则,提出了具体的电气节能技术的应用。

  1. Mobile Money, Smallholder Farmers, and Household Welfare in Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Kikulwe, Enoch M.; Elisabeth Fischer; Matin Qaim

    2014-01-01

    The use of mobile phones has increased rapidly in many developing countries, including in rural areas. Besides reducing the costs of communication and improving access to information, mobile phones are an enabling technology for other innovations. One important example are mobile phone based money transfers, which could be very relevant for the rural poor, who are often underserved by the formal banking system. We analyze impacts of mobile money technology on the welfare of smallholder farm h...

  2. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... choose "Save target as…", save file in desired location. Firefox/Chrome: Right-click on the link, choose "Save link as…", save file in desired location. Safari: Right-click or command-click on the ...

  3. 31 CFR 351.60 - How are book-entry Series EE savings bonds purchased and held?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are book-entry Series EE savings bonds purchased and held? 351.60 Section 351.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to...-entry Series EE savings bonds purchased and held? Book-entry bonds must be purchased and held...

  4. 31 CFR 359.45 - How are book-entry Series I savings bonds purchased and held?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How are book-entry Series I savings bonds purchased and held? 359.45 Section 359.45 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to...-entry Series I savings bonds purchased and held? Book-entry bonds must be purchased and held...

  5. PPLICATION OF COAL MINING WASTE IN THE PRODUCTION OF STRUCTURAL CERAMICS USING AN ECOLOGICALLY FRIENDLY AND RESOURCE SAVING TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaysman Yakov Iosifovich

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article states that the use of spoil heaps (coal mining waste in the production of structural ceramics is expedient. It shows the reduction of negative ecological effects during the life cycle when coal mining waste is used in the initial blend for the production of structural ceramics. It shows that the development of the recommendations for the use of coal mining waste in the production of structural ceramics is an urgent issue as far as the use of coal mining waste in the production of structural ceramics can lead both to the achievement of resource saving and positive ecological effect and to the undesirable decrease of the basic physical and mechanical properties of the final products when the structure of the mix is inappropriate. In order to develop these recommendations the authors have examined the microstructure, mineral composition and physical and mechanical properties of structural ceramics produced with the use of coal mining waste, which effect the consumer properties of the target material. As a result of the research the authors have made the conclusions about the nature and degree of impact of coal mining waste quantity on the physical and mechanical properties of construction ceramics. The comparison of the data received during the measurement of the basic physical and mechanical properties of construction ceramics with the results of the research of microstructure, elemental and mineral composition of the samples has shown their correlation.

  6. You Owe It to Yourself: Boosting Retirement Saving with a Responsibility-Based Appeal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Christopher J.; Hershfield, Hal E.

    2012-01-01

    Americans are not saving enough for retirement. Previous research suggests that this is due, in part, to people's tendency to think of the future self as more like another person than like the present self, making saving feel like giving money away rather than like investing in oneself. Using objective employer saving data, a field experiment…

  7. Ownership, competition, and the adoption of new technologies and cost-saving practices in a fixed-price environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirth, R A; Chernew, M E; Orzol, S M

    2000-01-01

    Advances in medical technology have been implicated as the primary cause of rising health care expenditures. It is not yet known whether the increasing prevalence of managed care mechanisms, particularly capitation, will change substantially incentives for acquiring and using cost-increasing innovations. We examined the decisions of dialysis units (a set of providers that has faced capitation and real decreases in payment for several decades) with respect to use of cost-increasing technologies that enhance quality of care, cost-cutting practices that reduce quality of care, and amenities desired by patients that are unrelated to quality of care. We found that the dialysis payment system does not appear to have blocked access to a number of new, quality-enhancing technologies that were developed in the 1980s. However, facilities made adjustments along other valuable margins to facilitate adoption of these technologies; use of new technologies varied with numerous facility, regulatory, and case-mix characteristics including ownership, chain membership, size, market competition, and certificate of need programs. Interestingly, the trade-offs made by for-profit and nonprofit facilities when faced with fixed prices appeared quite different. For-profits tended to deliver lower technical quality of care but more amenities, while nonprofits favored technical quality of care over amenities. Our findings may have implications for the response of other types of health care providers to capitation and increasing economic constraints.

  8. Ground of maintenance of model of health of saving technologies of students of the special medical educational separation of physical education facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prysjazhnuk S.I.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The psychological pedagogical problems of physical development of students are considered with a rejection in a state of health. Experience of physical education of students of task medical force is studied. The structural functional model of process of physical education of students is developed with the use of health of saving technologies. Over 5000 students took part in researches. It is set that morphometric indexes are most closely associate. Intercommunications of indexes of level of development of physical qualities specify on insufficient differentiation in mechanisms which determine the structure of physical preparedness of students. Recommendations of model physical possibilities of students are resulted. Models are instrumental in an estimation individual potential possibility of organism. Models allow to utillize information for planning and leadthrough of a health educational educate process on physical education. Possibilities of determination of volume of the physical loading are shown taking into account a floor, nosology of diseases and state of physical preparedness of students.

  9. NREL's Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-07-01

    This fact sheet describes how the DEVAP air conditioner was invented, explains how the technology works, and why it won an R&D 100 Award. Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-conditioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the electricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equipment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on hot summer days, which can lead to escalating power costs, brownouts, and rolling blackouts. DEVAP employs an innovative combination of air-cooling technologies to reduce energy use by up to 81%. DEVAP also shifts most of the energy needs to thermal energy sources, reducing annual electricity use by up to 90%. In doing so, DEVAP is estimated to cut peak electrical demand by nearly 80% in all climates. Widespread use of this cooling cycle would dramatically cut peak electrical loads throughout the country, saving billions of dollars in investments and operating costs for our nation's electrical utilities. Water is already used as a refrigerant in evaporative coolers, a common and widely used energy-saving technology for arid regions. The technology cools incoming hot, dry air by evaporating water into it. The energy absorbed by the water as it evaporates, known as the latent heat of vaporization, cools the air while humidifying it. However, evaporative coolers only function when the air is dry, and they deliver humid air that can lower the comfort level for building occupants. And even many dry climates like Phoenix, Arizona, have a humid season when evaporative cooling won't work well. DEVAP extends the applicability of evaporative cooling by first using a liquid desiccant-a water-absorbing material-to dry the air. The dry air is then passed to an indirect

  10. A Review on the Current Situation and Countermeasures of Water-saving Irrigation Technology Extension in China%我国节水灌溉技术推广现状与对策研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文杰; 丁凡琳

    2015-01-01

    目前我国节水灌溉技术的推广和使用取得了一定成果,但其发展潜力仍十分巨大,并且在技术推广过程中存在诸多问题,限制了节水灌溉技术的推广和采纳。管理制度不合理、水权制度不明确、水价机制不健全、农户节水意识不强以及农村传统社会的变迁等都给先进节水灌溉技术的推广带来困难;必须进一步完善制度,增加对节水灌溉技术推广的资金支持,将技术研究和推广与农民需求相结合,才能促使节水灌溉技术的有效推广。%Extension and acceptation of water-saving irrigation technology have got some results in China .While the development po‐tential of water-saving technology is very huge ,and many problems during the extension process have restricted the extension and ac‐ceptation of water-saving irrigation technology .Unreasonable management system ,undefined water rights system ,unsound water price system ,unconsciousness of saving water of farmers and the transformation of traditional rural places all make it difficult to ex‐tend water-saving technology .In order to make the extension of water-saving technology more sufficiently ,it needs to improve the institutional system ,increase financial support and combine the make research and extension of the technology with needs of farmers .

  11. Carrier Frequency Intelligent Power-Saving Technology Application in Td-Scdma LTE Communication Network%载频智能节电技术在TD-LTE通信网络中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐文良

    2015-01-01

    现今TD-LTE通信网络在人们身边无处不在,如中国移动联通等.基站的能耗在移动通信网络中占了一半以上.因此针对耗能这方面我们提出了载频智能节电技术.载频智能节电技术可达到节能减排的效果.文中先是介绍节能的意义以及为什么节能.然后我们了解具体载频基站的组成部分以及功耗比例.关断节能技术的原理以及实施方案,接着从各方面条件因素来完善智能节能技术.不同场景不同时段需要的功耗来制定不同的方案.对比不同的节能技术需要的条件因数以及外在的因数来评论载频智能节电技术.在这之前GSM系统中,就有从GSM网络的方面考虑,根据各方面的因数来考虑提出了两个各节能方法,其一是针对基站主设备其二是载频关断节能技术.根据TD-LTE系统基站主设备的运行原理来分析载频关断节能技术在基站系统中的实用性以及节能性.全方面的剖析载频智能节电技术在通信网络应用中意义.%nowadays the td-scdma LTE communication network in people around everywhere, such as China mobile, unicom, etc. The energy consumption of the base station in mobile communication network in the accounts for more than half. So for the con-sumption ways we carrier frequency intelligent power saving technology were put forward. Carrier frequency intelligent power sav-ing technology can achieve the effect of energy conservation and emissions reduction. Why in this paper, we first introduce the sig-nificance of energy saving and energy saving. Then we can know the specific carrier frequency part of base station and the power consumption ratio. Shut off the principle of energy saving technology and implementation plan, then factors from various aspects condition to improve the intelligent energy-saving technologies. Different at different times the power consumption of the need to develop different scenarios. Comparison of different energy saving

  12. Time, money, and history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgerton, David

    2012-06-01

    This essay argues that taking the economy seriously in histories of science could not only extend the range of activities studied but also change--often quite radically--our understanding of well-known cases and instances in twentieth-century science. It shows how scientific intellectuals and historians of science have followed the money as a means of critique of particular forms of science and of particular conceptions of science. It suggests the need to go further, to a much broader implicit definition of what constitutes science--one that implies a criticism of much history of twentieth-century science for defining it implicitly and inappropriately in very restrictive ways.

  13. Fending Off Hot Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAN XINZHEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ The benchmark Shanghai Composite Index was plagued by dips, climbs and dives as the stock market slumped from 3,186 to 2,838 points in four days, beginning November 12.Sharp fluctuations occurred on the index in the following days. Figures from Wind Information Co. Ltd.said 250 billion yuan ($37.61 billion) vacated the Chinese stock market in November,while a substantial amount of money invested in the market under the qualified foreign institutional investor (QFII) scheme also pulled out.

  14. 浅议节能材料以及节能技术在现代建筑工程中的应用%Discussion on the Application of Energy-saving Materials and Energy-saving Technology in Modern Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓

    2013-01-01

    Along with the increasing energy consumption, en-ergy conservation has become the focus of global at ention. The use of energy-saving materials or the use of energy-saving technology can save energy in the modern construction. This paper analyzes the significance of energy saving and modern architectural engineering construction energy conservation pre-sent situation, enumerates some common energy-saving techn-ologies used in modern architecture.%随着能源消耗不断增大,节约能源已成为全球关注的焦点。在现代建筑工程中使用节能材料或采用节能技术能够节约能源。本文分析了现代建筑工程节能的意义和建筑节能现状,列举了一些常见节能技术在现代建筑中的运用。

  15. 31 CFR 103.125 - Anti-money laundering programs for money services businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Anti-money laundering programs for... Laundering Programs Anti-Money Laundering Programs § 103.125 Anti-money laundering programs for money..., and maintain an effective anti-money laundering program. An effective anti-money laundering program is...

  16. Money, banks and endogenous volatility

    OpenAIRE

    Pere Gomis-Porqueras

    2000-01-01

    In this paper I consider a monetary growth model in which banks provide liquidity, and the government fixes a constant rate of money creation. There are two underlying assets in the economy, money and capital. Money is dominated in rate of return. In contrast to other papers with a larger set of government liabilities, I find a unique equilibrium when agents' risk aversion is moderate. However, indeterminacies and endogenous volatility can be observed when agents are relatively risk averse.

  17. Fong's: Saving Water in Dyeing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ In an effort to save the precious water resource and reduce the environmental impact, Fong's Industries Group along with its member companies, namely "Fong's National", "THEN", "Goller" and "Fong's Water Technology" provide an ecological dyeing solution to reduce the water consumption drastically through their innovative technologies covering the processes from yarn dyeing to piece dyeing and recycling of discharge after dyeing and finishing.

  18. Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Adoption of Energy– Saving Technologies among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of West Pokot County, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andiema Chesang Everlyne

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Fuel wood provides the main source of energy for cooking and space heating for over 80 percent of households living in Kenya. The heavy reliance on the biomass energy has exerted an imbalance in demand and supply consequently resulting in adverse environmental effects in Kenya. As part of innovation efforts, several energy-conserving technologies have been developed. A unique cook stove named Maendeleo was developed and promoted in Kenya and more so, West Pokot County, northern of Kenya, with the goal of reducing the quantity of wood households use for energy, and ultimately reduce pressure on local forests. However, despite the demonstrated technological multiple benefits and the institutional promotional efforts of the Maendeleo stove technology; the adoption level of this innovation has remained low. An important question investigated in this study was what makes potential users not utilize such valuable innovations? Socio-cultural, economic, political and institutional barriers are considered to contribute to low uptake of such innovations. This study therefore, sought to assess socio- economic factors influencing the adoption of the Maendeleo stove in the rural setting of Kapenguria Division. A survey research methodology with ex-post facto design was employed. The results showed that the age of the respondents had the highest influence on the non-adoption of the Maendeleo stove. Given the relatively low adoption level of Maendeleo stove in the county, and the projected increase in the number of people relying on biomass, this study recommends that the government and development partners put in place a programme for the promotion and dissemination of Maendeleo stove. There should be further investigation into the adoption behaviour of the respondents on the reasons for non-adoption and discontinuance of use of the Maendeleo stove.

  19. Using MSN Money to Perform Financial Ratio Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, H. Christine

    2010-01-01

    In today's information technology world, real time financial data is readily available via many financial websites, such as MSN Money, Google Finance, Yahoo Finance, etc. The incorporation of computer technology in finance classes has become more popular than ever in this information technology rich environment. Mediated classrooms have rapidly…

  20. Efforts of Controlling Money Laundering of Narcotics Money in Saudi Arabia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Khaled A Alasmari

    2014-01-01

    .... Saudi Arabia, like many countries around the world is affected by money laundering. This is because money laundering washes money collected from different sources to finance criminal activities...

  1. The Multidisciplinary Economics of Money Laundering

    OpenAIRE

    J. Ferwerda

    2012-01-01

    Money laundering has been studied for many years, but mainly by lawyers and criminologists. This dissertation presents a number of ways on how an economist – mainly in a multidisciplinary fashion – can contribute to this field of research. This dissertation answers four important questions about money laundering: Why should we fight money laundering? How is money laundered? In which sectors is money laundered? And how can we fight money laundering? The literature mentions 25 effects of money ...

  2. The Multidisciplinary Economics of Money Laundering

    OpenAIRE

    J. Ferwerda

    2012-01-01

    Money laundering has been studied for many years, but mainly by lawyers and criminologists. This dissertation presents a number of ways on how an economist – mainly in a multidisciplinary fashion – can contribute to this field of research. This dissertation answers four important questions about money laundering: Why should we fight money laundering? How is money laundered? In which sectors is money laundered? And how can we fight money laundering? The literature mentions 25 effects of money ...

  3. 抽油机下偏杠铃节能技术应用%Energy Saving Technology Application of Pumping Unit with Biased Downward Barbell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王增藩

    2011-01-01

    针对目前油田普遍应用常规式游梁抽油机存在的问题;平衡性能相对较差,启动扭矩大,拖动电机功率大,抽油系统效率低和耗能较高等,应用下偏杠铃复合平衡技术对其进行节能技术改造.阐述了该项节能技术改造设计结构及工艺原理,对现场应用效果进行了分析评价,取得以下认识;一是曲柄与下偏杠铃的复合平衡方式,削减了抽油机峰值扭矩,降低了电机消耗功率,有效改善了抽油机平衡效果,平均节电率达到20.53%.二是从现场应用情况看,在不改变原机结构前提下,安装方便,投入成本较低,CYJ10型机改造的节电总体效果高于CYJ6型机.%Aimed at the issue of widely used conventional-style oil pumping beam, such as its balance performance was poor relatively, starting torque and electrical power were bigger, efficiency of pumping unit system was low and the energy consumption was higher. The biased downward barbell is used to balance the gearbox output moment in order to redesign the pumping units. Elaborating this energy-saving technology changes the design structure and process principle, application effect is analyzed and evaluated, and achieved following results. Firstly thecomplex balance of the counterbalance and biased downward barbell, reduces pumping unit peak torque and motor power consumption, improves the moment balance of pumping unit, the average electric saving ratio reaches 20.53%. Secondly from the view of field application, in the premise of unchanging the original pumping unit structure, it is easily installed with lower costs, The overall effect of energy-saving of the redesign CYJ10 style are higher than CYJ6 style.

  4. New Technologies and Systems for High Quality Citrus Fruit Production, Labor-saving and Orchard Construction in Mountain Areas of Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kunihisa MORINAGA; Osamu SUMIKAWA; Osamu KAWAMOTO; Hiroyasu YOSHIKAWA; Seiji NAKAO; Masahiko SHIMAZAKI; Shin-no-suke KUSABA; Norihiro HOSHI

    2005-01-01

    Novel technologies have been necessary for improving fruit quality and productivity of citrus,labor-saving and orchard conservation on steep slope lands since aging of growers and decrease in the number of successors is remarkable in mountain areas of southwestern Japan. The purpose of this paper is to introduce new technologies for improving citrus production that have been developed in recent years. A new fruit quality control system using drip irrigation and liquid fertilization technique combined with year-round plastic mulching was developed, and it enables high quality and stable citrus fruit production. Water and/or nutrient solution is automatically supplied through drip tubes that are laid under the mulching sheets to give adequate water stress, so as to improve sugar and acid content of fruit. A new transportation system for steep sloping citrus orchards, which is a combination of the monorail system and contour narrow paths, was suggested. A small walking cultivator was developed to explain the procedure of narrow path excavation. After introducing the narrow path, working hours for fertilizer and chemical herbicide application were reduced. Disaster prevention mapping of citrus orchards on slope lands was developed based on computer-aided seepage estimation and topographic data. The mapping can show zones of both ascending flow and descending flow of underground water during heavy rains in citrus orchards. The mapping is considered to be effective for the management of orchards and prevention of erosion on slope lands.

  5. 住宅建筑的外墙保温节能施工技术研究%Study on construction technology of energy-saving insulation wall of residential building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玺建

    2015-01-01

    in the exterior wall in the construction process, the external wall thermal insulation energy-saving technology is one of the focus of the current construction units need to focus on.In order to effectively save energy, at the same time ensuring residential building residential comfort,should strengthen the research of energy-saving insulation construction technology.%在建筑外墙施工过程中,外墙外保温节能技术是当前建筑施工单位需要着重关注的焦点之一。为了有效节约能源,同时保证住宅建筑的居住舒适度,应该加强保温节能施工技术的研究。

  6. 青藏高原新农村住宅适用节能技术体系研究%Qinghai-Tibet Plateau for New Rural Residential System of Energy-saving Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛玲玲; 程勤阳; 董君

    2011-01-01

    从青藏高原新农村建设的实际出发,以经济适用、节能减排为基本要求,从新农村的规划设计、围护结构、太阳能利用等方面提出了切实可行、经济合理的保温、节能技术措施,构建出一套适用于青藏高原的新农村住宅节能技术体系.%Proceeding from the reality of new rural construction in Tibet plateau, taking economy adaptability, energy-saving as basic requirement, feasible and economic thermal-protection, energy-saving technology measures were proposed from the aspects of new rural plan, structure and solar utilization. A set of new rural residential energy saving technology system was constructed.

  7. Segmentation of Czech Consumers Based on the Attitudes Towards Money

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Tomek

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding current and potential customers´ behaviour is one of the key factors of marketing efficiency and it brings competitive advantage. Companies usually classify their customers and create client groups with similar characteristic features. Such grouping activity is called segmentation or typology. There are many possibilities how to obtain data for segmentation process (e.g. data mining, demographical segmentation, analyzing shopping behaviour, media behaviour or their combination. This paper concentrates on financial behaviour of the Czech population and brings a survey based on primary data. It takes into consideration aspects like attitude towards risk and savings and even aspects like money ethic and money role in the society. Seven consumer segments that differ in attitudes towards money were identified and described.

  8. College Students Discount Money "Won" More than Money "Owed"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam; Terrell, Heather K.

    2010-01-01

    Evidence in the research literature indicates people may treat "won" money differently than they would their own money. The present study had a sample of 648 college students complete a delay-discounting task that involved the hypothetical monetary amounts of $1,000 or $100,000. Participants were asked repeatedly what amount they would…

  9. Behind the money market: clearing and settling money market instruments

    OpenAIRE

    David L. Mengle

    1992-01-01

    When a money market instrument is traded, the clearing and settlement process establishes the change in ownership. Because the process involves both costs and risks, money market participants have developed means of making clearing and settlement more efficient and less risky.

  10. College Students Discount Money "Won" More than Money "Owed"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam; Terrell, Heather K.

    2010-01-01

    Evidence in the research literature indicates people may treat "won" money differently than they would their own money. The present study had a sample of 648 college students complete a delay-discounting task that involved the hypothetical monetary amounts of $1,000 or $100,000. Participants were asked repeatedly what amount they would accept…

  11. Investigating Mobile Money Acceptance in Somalia: An Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Sayid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to study the perception and willingness of Somali customers to adopt mobile money, based on an upgraded version of technology acceptance model. The questionnaire used in this study was distributed to 100 Somali customers, and the data gathered were then analysed using multiple regression and onesample t-test. The results indicate that perceived ease of use has a significant positive influence on the perceived usefulness of mobile money. Moreover, perceived usefulness and security were found to have a significant positive influence on attitude. Finally, social influence together with perceived usefulness both have significant positive influence on the Somali customers’ intention to adopt mobile money. This is one of the first studies to be conducted on mobile money in Somalia, the study uses an upgraded version of technology acceptance model and it reports significant findings based on thisapproach.

  12. Motor Assembly Plant Saves $85,000 with Compressed Air System Improvements (Bodine Electric's Chicago Facility): Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) BestPractices Technical Case Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wogsland, J.

    2001-06-18

    This case study is one in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. This case study documents the activities, savings, and lessons learned on the Bodine Electric motor assembly plant project.

  13. A psychological perspective on money

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijleveld, Erik; Aarts, Henk

    2014-01-01

    A thriving field of inquiry, the psychological science of money has recently witnessed an upsurge in research attention. In the present volume, we bring together and integrate a number of theoretical perspectives on the question of ‘how does money affect people’s mind, brain, and behavior?’

  14. On the Hot Money Trail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The huge influx of international hot money is threatening inflation and affecting the country’s monetary policy In the last three months, the country’s financial supervisory departments have conducted frequent but atypical investi-gations of hot money.

  15. In "the Know" about Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quashie, Valerie; Golamgouse-Toraub, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors document their experiences with a new resource called "My Money." The resource consists of units for teaching financial capability at key stages 3 and 4, and is broken into six main sections: (1) "Money--What is it?"; (2) "Earning it"; (3) "Spending it"; (4) "Investing it"; (5) "Risking it"; and (6) "Being Enterprising…

  16. 医院中央空调低碳节能技术的改造措施%Remodeling steps of low carbon energy technology saving for central air conditioning in hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 王金荣; 冯凯林; 郭善水; 邓泽江

    2016-01-01

    Through the analysis of building energy saving at home and broad, we conduct research to explore effective ways of managing, running and energy saving for hospital central air conditioning. With the rapid development of the national economy, building energy consumption has proportionally increased compared to the overall energy consump-tion cost; the share of building energy saving development in China is gradually increasing to compensate for the in-creased energy consumption cost. Effective management of energy saving for central air conditioning will directly influ-ence the realization of building energy-saving goals. After upgrading central air conditioning with low carbon energy and constructing automation systems in hospital, we can save significant amount of money each year and reduce operat-ing costs for the hospital, providing support for a virtuous growth cycle in the long-term development of the hospital.%通过对国内外建筑节能情况分析,掌握现代建筑节能的切入点,结合医院中央空调设备、运行、管理进行节能研究。随着国民经济的飞速发展,建筑能耗占整个能耗的比例逐渐提高,建筑节能在我国的可持续发展中所占比重也在逐渐加大,中央空调设备运行效率的高低、运行策略的好坏都直接影响着能否实现建筑节能的目标。医院中央空调低碳节能与楼宇自控系统升级改造工程完成后,可以为医院每年节约可观的资金,降低医院的运营成本,为医院的良性循环与长远发展提供支持与帮助。

  17. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... children, parents, and public health professionals. More > Hand Hygiene Saves Lives (5:10) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Transcript [28 KB, 2 pages] High ...

  18. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... including, children, parents, and public health professionals. More > Hand Hygiene Saves Lives (5:10) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Transcript [28 KB, 2 pages] High ...

  19. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... including, children, parents, and public health professionals. More > Hand Hygiene Saves Lives (5:10) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Transcript [28 KB, 2 pages] High ...

  20. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... TV Contact and Feedback Form Download Instructions Explorer: Right-click on the link, choose "Save target as…", save file in desired location. Firefox/Chrome: Right-click on the link, choose "Save link as…", ...

  1. Money market operations and volatility of UK money market rates

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Vila Wetherilt

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, the question of whether in the United Kingdom the choice of the operational framework for monetary policy has been systematically related to patterns in money market rates is examined. Attention is first focused on the Bank of England's policy target, the two-week repo rate. The tests indicate that tighter spreads between the two-week market rate and the official repo rate result in lower money market volatility at the very short end of the money market curve. The effects at th...

  2. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy-SMARRT): Surface/Near Surface Indication - Characterization of Surface Anomalies from Magnetic Particle and Liquid Penetrant Indications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffin, John [university of Alabama - Birmingham

    2014-02-20

    The systematic study and characterization of surface indications has never been conducted. Producers and users of castings do not have any data on which they can reliably communicate the nature of these indications or their effect on the performance of parts. Clearly, the ultimate intent of any work in this area is to eliminate indications that do in fact degrade properties. However, it may be impractical physically and/or financially to eliminate all surface imperfections. This project focused on the ones that actually degrade properties. The initial work was to identify those that degrade properties. Accurate numerical simulations of casting service performance allow designers to use the geometric flexibility of castings and the superior properties of steel to produce lighter weight and more energy efficient components for transportation systems (cars and trucks), construction, and mining. Accurate simulations increase the net melting energy efficiency by improving casting yield and reducing rework and scrap. Conservatively assuming a 10% improvement in yield, approximately 1.33 x 1012 BTU/year can be saved with this technology. In addition, CO2 emissions will be reduced by approximately 117,050 tons per year.

  3. 高效节能粗选压力筛技术%Technology on pressure coarse screen with high efficient and energy saving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏; 王玉鹏; 毛恩礼

    2013-01-01

      Pressure coarse screen with high efficient and energy saving is a new generation of coarse screening equipment developed by Shandong Jiefeng Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd. The key parts were developed and improved through the design of screening drum with disturbing strip, rotor with spiral cam and new technology for slurry dilution. It proved by clients’ application that this kind of pressure coarse screen has the characteristics of low energy consumption and high output.%  高效节能粗选压力筛是山东杰锋机械制造有限公司自主研发的新一代粗筛选设备。采用增设干扰条的筛鼓、螺旋式凸轮转子、独特的浆料稀释等技术手段对关键部件进行研发改进,经过客户使用证明高效节能粗选压力筛运行能耗低、产量高,优势明显。

  4. 节能技术在建筑装饰工程中的应用%Energy Saving Technology in the Architectural Decoration Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁亮

    2014-01-01

    As the concept of "green" and "sustainable development" is being popular, the mass pay more attention to the natural environment. At present, in order to improve the building indoor comfort, builders usually utilize a large number of artificial lighting and air-conditioning equipments, causing huge energy consumption. The energy saving technology in the architectural decoration is expounded with certain guiding significance for energy-efficient building construction in future.%随着“绿色环保”“可持续发展”等观念的深入人心,人们在追求舒适生活的同时,更加注重善待赖以生存的自然环境。目前,建筑商为了提高建筑室内舒适度,在设计建造时大量采用人工照明及空调设备,造成建筑耗能量巨大。通过介绍节能技术在建筑装饰工程中的应用情况,对以后建筑装饰节能施工有一定的指导意义。

  5. Development of air conditioning system and labor saving technology for efficient hydroponic cultivation; Konoritsuna suiko saibai no tame no kucho to shoryokuka gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okano, T.; Terazoe, H.; Shoji, K. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan); Yonezawa, K.; Otani, F. [Chugoku Electric Power Co. Inc., Hiroshima (Japan); Sekiyama, T.; Kosakai, K.; Sato, H.

    1997-06-01

    Equipment which made experiments on air conditioning and hydroponic cultivation possible was set up at the technical research center of the Chugoku Electric Power Co., to study an air conditioning system using night power and energy saving technology for the cultivation. Vegetables suitable to the cultivation were selected. For air conditioning, adopted was a water heat storage air conditioning system using night power. The space between the shade curtain and the greenhouse roof was ventilated to prevent increase in cooling load caused by rise in curtain temperature. Moreover, the cultivation equipment was covered with transparent vinyl film to cool the inside of the equipment. The hydroponic cultivation equipment was trially manufactured which makes the continued production by one worker possible. The cultivation of spinach, leaf lettuce and chingensai throughout the year became possible. The yield of chingensai reached the target, but those of spinach and leaf lettuce were approximately 70% of the targets. Vegetables to be produced in the air-conditioned greenhouse by hydroponic cultivation are thought to be those that can have added values such non-pesticides and ingredients, young plants which were increased by cutting or tissue culturing, etc. 5 refs., 19 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. What is your savings personality? The 1998 Retirement Confidence Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakoboski, P; Ostuw, P; Hicks, J

    1998-08-01

    This Issue Brief presents the findings of the 1998 Retirement Confidence Survey (RCS). The survey tracks Americans' retirement planning and saving behavior and their confidence regarding various aspects of their retirement. It also categorizes workers and retirees into six distinct groups, based on their very different views on retirement, retirement planning, and saving. The six personality types identified in the RCS are Deniers (10 percent of the population), Strugglers (9 percent), Impulsives (20 percent), Cautious Savers (21 percent), Planners (23 percent), and Retiring Savers (17 percent). The survey shows that working Americans have become more focused on retirement; 45 percent have tried to determine how much they need to save before they retire, up from 32 percent in 1996. Americans' growing attention to their retirement has not increased their retirement income confidence. Since 1993, the portion of working Americans who are very confident that they will have enough money to live comfortably throughout retirement has consistently ranged from 20 percent to 25 percent. Sixty-three percent of Americans have begun to save for retirement. Fifty-five percent of those not saving for retirement say it is reasonably possible for them to save $20 per week (over $1,000 per year). In addition, 57 percent of workers who have begun to save say that it is reasonably possible for them to save an additional $20 per week. The findings demonstrate the continuing need for broad-based educational efforts designed to make retirement savings a priority for individuals. The good news is the evidence that education can have a real impact at the individual level. For the first time the 1998 RCS examined retirement planning, saving, and attitudes across ethnic groups (African-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, Asian-Americans, and whites). African-Americans are the least confident that they will have enough money to live comfortably in retirement. African-Americans and Hispanic

  7. The New Energy Saving Technology of High Temperature Multifunctional Soil-geothermal Pump%高温多功能地源热泵节能新技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令国; 秦松祥

    2013-01-01

    地源热泵技术是从近地表的地下摄取能源,该能源是一种取之不尽、用之不竭的可再生清洁能源,具有高能效、长寿命、环保、天然、绿色的特点。阐述了实施高温多功能地源热泵的设计措施,采用“二次冷凝制冷循环”技术、选用新型高效双螺杆压缩机,辅以压力、温度、过载、过热及断水延时自动保护等功能设计。经研究比较表明,应用该技术所生产的地源热泵产品与目前国内外同类产品相比具有出水温度高、高温不增压、运行噪声低、运转平稳安静的优势,并且可以制热、制冷、供生活热水同时进行,是一项值得大力推广应用的节能新技术。%Ground source heat pump technology is an inexhaustible renewable and clean energy , and has the characteristics with high energy efficiency , long life, environmental protection , natural production and green .It elaborates the design measures of implementing the high temperature multifunctional ground source heat pump , applies "quadratic congealed refrigerating cycle"technology , slects a new type highly efficient twin screw com-pressor .The functioning design includes pressure , temperature , overloading , superheating and automatic protec-tion of wate breaking of time delay .Comparing with like products at home and abroad , the testing result indicates that the productions of the ground source heat pump have the advantages of a high outlet water temperature in high temperatures , a lower operating noise and a smooth running .This technology can supply heating , refrigera-tion and hot living water simultaneously , and be a new energy-saving technology .

  8. 膜法富氧助燃技术用于节能减排%Membrane technology for oxygen-enriched combustion-supporting for energy saving and emission reduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹中升; 沈光林

    2013-01-01

    膜法富氧助燃技术,特别是局部增氧助燃技术在节能减排方面的应用越来越广泛.目前在国内外30种窑炉中成功实施了该技术,已累计给用户节省了数亿元人民币.本文主要介绍该技术在加氢加热炉、减压加热炉、油田加热炉和水泥窑中的应用,不仅明显节能,而且延长炉龄和明显减少CO,CO2,NQ,SOx及粉尘的排放,指出局部增氧助燃技术在节能减排和节约资源等方面将有广阔的前景.%Membrane technology for oxygen-enriched combustion supporting, especially the technology of local oxygen-increasing for combustion-supporting has widely been used for energy saving and emission reduction. Now the technology has been used successfully in 30 kinds of furnace & kiln at home and abroad, and already accumulative total saved several hundred million yuan RMB for the users. This paper will mainly introduce its applications in hydrogenation heating furnace, vacuum heating furnace, oilfield heater and cement kiln, it can be not only saved dramatically fuel, but also prolonged furnace life, significantly reduced CO, CO2, NOχ, SOχ and flue dust emission, and concluded that the technology of the local oxygen-increasing for combustion-supporting would play a positive role in promoting energy saving and emission reduction, saving resources and so on.

  9. Follow the money

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. Many years ago there was a Federal whistleblower, Deep Throat, who leaked confidential Government information about the Nixon White House to reporters from the Washington Post. Fans of the book and movie will remember that his famous line was, “Follow the money.” That line came to mind when an article appeared in Health Affairs summarizing the US health care expenditures for 2010 (1. The main gist of the article is that the rate of growth in health care expenditures had slowed to only 3.9% and approximated the slowed growth from 2009 which was 3.8%. Previously the growth had been much larger averaging 7.2% from 2000-8 (2. The article points out that during recession expenditures usually slow but the expected decline in healthcare expenditures usually occurs far after the beginning of the recession. The authors state that the “lagged slowdown in health spending growth from the recent recession occurred more quickly …

  10. Money, Debt, People and Planet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakob von Uexkull

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The widespread failure to understand money creation plays a key role in the current policy impasse. In a world ruled by money, this failure disempowers and prevents serious consideration of alternatives. The key reasons why we are not moving faster in tackling the global crises are, we are told, because it is too expensive, there is not enough money, it is not (yet profitable enough to do etc. Within the current global monetary framework, this is largely true. Therefore, any realistic plan to change course before we are overwhelmed by the inter-linked environmental, social and security threats facing us, is to change this framework to ensure that money becomes our servant again. The current debt crisis offers an opportunity to replace discredited debt-based money created by private banks in their interest with government-created debt-free money benefitting all, which can be used to fund a global emergency programme.“We know now that government by organised money is just as dangerous as government by organised mob.” — President F.D. Roosevelt, 31.10.36“The essence of the contemporary monetary system is creation of money, out of nothing, by private banks’ often foolish lending. Why is such privatisation of a public function right and proper, but action by the central bank to meet pressing public need, a road to catastrophe?” — Martin Wolf, ‘Financial Times’, 9.11.10“The obvious way to reduce our public and private debts is to stop having all our money created as debt.” — James Robertson, ‘Future Money’

  11. Psychological consequences of money and money attitudes in dictator game

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gąsiorowska, Agata; Hełka, Anna M

    2012-01-01

    .... In this study, we wanted to establish if this tendency would be present in the dictator game, and if so, whether money activation would just change behaviour, or whether it would also change people's...

  12. The Governance of Money Laundering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsingou, Eleni

    2014-01-01

    , moreover, that is key to debates about international political economy (IPE) since it goes to the heart of the integrity of the financial system and also, at least in principle, aims to impose controls on the movement of money. Yet, as a policy concern, thinking about money laundering was developed away...... from traditional settings for the regulation of global finance. Instead, AML policies were driven by and linked to the public policy objectives of law and order. As a result, the governance of money laundering encompasses a broad set of goals, techniques and professional knowledge. It brings together...

  13. Forensic Accounting Profession and Prevention of Money Laundering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat KASAP

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In today’s world, globalization and the increased use of information technology have resulted to the significant increases of economic crimes in recent years. Accordingly, financial crimes, such as money laundering misconducts have increased significantly. The police play active roles in the fight against money laundering and related crimes in Turkey. However, professional support is essential in order to effectively combat money laundering. In other words, not only a good level of economics, finance, accounting knowledge is critical; but also, a decent level of law information is crucial in the detection and prevention of these crimes. Increasing the effectiveness of forensic accounting profession, especially in the USA, has an important role in the prevention and detection of money laundering. Since forensic accountants have skills and capacities of litigation support, investigative accounting and expertise.

  14. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Explorer: Right-click on the link, choose "Save target as…", save file in desired location. Firefox/Chrome: ... Explorer: Right-click on the link, choose "Save target as…", save file in desired location. Firefox/Chrome: ...

  15. More Money,More Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. quantitative easing policy could have a negative impact on the world economy and repercussions for China By revving up its money-printing machines, the United States will try to shock its economy

  16. Research and Application on Energy Saving Technology of Traffic Light%城市路灯节能技术研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏

    2012-01-01

    The technical index and problem in the application of traffic light was described in this paper. Energy saving light and energy-saving light source was described, and reference for city street lamp energy-saving was provided.%论述了城市路灯的使用特点及存在的问题。介绍了节能灯、节能光源等城市路灯的节能措施,为城市路灯节能提供了参考。

  17. lncremental Costs-benefits of Energy Saving Technology in Green Building%绿色建筑节能技术增量成本与效益研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟; 刘姗姗

    2016-01-01

    Energy saving technology makes the high cost that becomes an obstacle to the development of green building. It is necessary to analyze incremental costs and benefits of energy saving. The energy saving technology is introduced, and the incremental costs and benefit are analyzed. Then a model of incremental costs-benefits of green building is built and the processing of energy saving's economic results are quantified. The results show that the formula of incremental benefits and period of incremental cost recovery. All these provide a theory basis for the energy saving technology's choice.%由于绿色节能技术的运用使得绿色建筑的初期成本高于普通建筑,这成为了绿色建筑推广过程中的制约因素.所以有必要对节能技术的增量成本和效益进行分析.对绿色建筑中常用的节能技术,并基于费用效益理论对节能技术产生的各部分增量成本和效益进行分析,构建增量成本与效益模型.在此基础上对节能技术产生的增量效益进行量化处理,得出增量效益和增量成本回收期的计算公式.为人们能够合理选择绿色建筑节能技术提供理论依据.

  18. Mobile Communication Base Station Power-Saving Technology and Product Application Scene Analysis%移动通讯基站节能技术及产品应用场景分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常战庭; 徐华

    2015-01-01

    In this paper,from the actual application,analyzes the efficiency of energy saving technology,determined the applicable scenes of various energy saving technology,takes reducing costs,increasing profits,improving the core com-petitiveness of the enterprise as the research objective.Through the research of the project,and can establish and improve an effective energy statistics,analysis and evaluation system,for the work of energy-saving emission reduction develop-ment,provide support to develop energy-saving emission reduction plan;and provide reference for the energy budget man-agement.%文中从实际应用出发,分析了基站各节能技术的能效,确定了各类节能技术的适用场景,以实现降低运营成本,提升企业利润,增强企业自身的核心竞争力的目的。通过该项研究,可建立完善有效的电能统计、分析和评估体系,为节能减排工作深化开展、制定节能减排规划提供支撑,为能源预算管理提供参考。

  19. "Endogenous Money: Structuralist and Horizontalist"

    OpenAIRE

    Wray , L. Randall

    2007-01-01

    While the mainstream long argued that the central bank could use quantitative constraints as a means to controlling the private creation of money, most economists now recognize that the central bank can only set the overnight interest rate-which has only an indirect impact on the quantity of reserves and the quantity of privately created money. Indeed, in order to hit the overnight rate target, the central bank must accommodate the demand for reserves, draining the excess or supplying reserve...

  20. Endogenous money and effective demand

    OpenAIRE

    Steve Keen

    2014-01-01

    Endogenous money is a core component of post-Keynesian economics, but it has not been fully integrated into its macroeconomics. To do so requires replacing the accounting truism that ex post expenditure equals ex post income with the endogenous money insight that ex post expenditure equals ex ante income plus the ex post turnover of new debt. This paper derives this result after exploring precedents to this concept in the work of Schumpeter, Minsky, Keynes and Pigou.

  1. Analysis and study on the technology of energy saving and environmental protection for building electricity%建筑电气节能和环保技术的分析与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    To carry out building electrical technology research from energy saving and environmental protection point of view. An in-depth analy-sis of the combination of theory and application,the measures of energy saving and environmental protection technology are proposed for building electrical,to promote the sustainable development of building electricity.%从节能和环保角度出发,对建筑电气技术进行了研究,并采用理论和应用相结合的方法深入剖析,提出了建筑电气节能和环保的技术措施,以推动建筑电气的可持续发展。

  2. Bitcoin and Beyond: Exclusively Informational Money

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; de Leeuw, K.

    2013-01-01

    The famous new money Bitcoin is classified as a technical informational money (TIM). Besides introducing the idea of a TIM, a more extreme notion of informational money will be developed: exclusively informational money (EXIM). The informational coins (INCOs) of an EXIM can be in control of an agent

  3. Bitcoin and Beyond: Exclusively Informational Money

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; de Leeuw, K.

    2013-01-01

    The famous new money Bitcoin is classified as a technical informational money (TIM). Besides introducing the idea of a TIM, a more extreme notion of informational money will be developed: exclusively informational money (EXIM). The informational coins (INCOs) of an EXIM can be in control of an agent

  4. 劳动节约型技术进步下的就业转移%Employment Transfer under the Labor Saving Biased Technological Progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振雄; 郑建清

    2012-01-01

    在人均GDP可比水平下,我国农业就业份额远高于同一发展阶段的日本、韩国、台湾省,年均农业就业份额下降速度及人均GDP每增长1 000 GK$农业就业份额下降速度均落后于日本、韩国和台湾省.这表明我国农业就业非农化转移相当缓慢,大大滞后于经济发展.延续发展经济学假设,结台新古典理论分析,表明影响农业就业转移的因素包括:资本增长率、创新强度、技术进步的劳动节约偏向和边际劳动产出递减的倾向.利用我国非农产业数据进行实证检验,表明技术进步的劳动节约偏向是就业转移滞后的深层次原因.%In Comparable per capita CDP level, the employment share of agriculture in China is far higher than in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, which were at the same development stage. Either by every increasing 1 000 GK $ about per capita GDP or per year, the average decreasing speed about the employment share of agriculture in China is less than in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. It shows that the Chinese agricultural employment transfer is quite sluggish and lags behind economic development. Under the development economy assumption and the neo-classical theory, such factors affect agriculture employment transfer that capital growth, innovation strength, biased technological progress and diminishing marginal output tendency of labor. Using the non-agricultural industries data, the empirical test indicates that the labor saving biased technological progress hinders the employment transfer in China.

  5. Mobile Money, Smallholder Farmers, and Household Welfare in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikulwe, Enoch M.; Fischer, Elisabeth; Qaim, Matin

    2014-01-01

    The use of mobile phones has increased rapidly in many developing countries, including in rural areas. Besides reducing the costs of communication and improving access to information, mobile phones are an enabling technology for other innovations. One important example are mobile phone based money transfers, which could be very relevant for the rural poor, who are often underserved by the formal banking system. We analyze impacts of mobile money technology on the welfare of smallholder farm households in Kenya. Using panel survey data and regression models we show that mobile money use has a positive impact on household income. One important pathway is through remittances received from relatives and friends. Such remittances contribute to income directly, but they also help to reduce risk and liquidity constraints, thus promoting agricultural commercialization. Mobile money users apply more purchased farm inputs, market a larger proportion of their output, and have higher profits than non-users of this technology. These results suggest that mobile money can help to overcome some of the important smallholder market access constraints that obstruct rural development and poverty reduction. PMID:25286032

  6. Mobile money, smallholder farmers, and household welfare in Kenya.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enoch M Kikulwe

    Full Text Available The use of mobile phones has increased rapidly in many developing countries, including in rural areas. Besides reducing the costs of communication and improving access to information, mobile phones are an enabling technology for other innovations. One important example are mobile phone based money transfers, which could be very relevant for the rural poor, who are often underserved by the formal banking system. We analyze impacts of mobile money technology on the welfare of smallholder farm households in Kenya. Using panel survey data and regression models we show that mobile money use has a positive impact on household income. One important pathway is through remittances received from relatives and friends. Such remittances contribute to income directly, but they also help to reduce risk and liquidity constraints, thus promoting agricultural commercialization. Mobile money users apply more purchased farm inputs, market a larger proportion of their output, and have higher profits than non-users of this technology. These results suggest that mobile money can help to overcome some of the important smallholder market access constraints that obstruct rural development and poverty reduction.

  7. Mobile money, smallholder farmers, and household welfare in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikulwe, Enoch M; Fischer, Elisabeth; Qaim, Matin

    2014-01-01

    The use of mobile phones has increased rapidly in many developing countries, including in rural areas. Besides reducing the costs of communication and improving access to information, mobile phones are an enabling technology for other innovations. One important example are mobile phone based money transfers, which could be very relevant for the rural poor, who are often underserved by the formal banking system. We analyze impacts of mobile money technology on the welfare of smallholder farm households in Kenya. Using panel survey data and regression models we show that mobile money use has a positive impact on household income. One important pathway is through remittances received from relatives and friends. Such remittances contribute to income directly, but they also help to reduce risk and liquidity constraints, thus promoting agricultural commercialization. Mobile money users apply more purchased farm inputs, market a larger proportion of their output, and have higher profits than non-users of this technology. These results suggest that mobile money can help to overcome some of the important smallholder market access constraints that obstruct rural development and poverty reduction.

  8. 'Nurture the sprouting bud; do not uproot it'. Using saving groups to save for maternal and newborn health: lessons from rural Eastern Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekirapa-Kiracho, Elizabeth; Paina, Ligia; Muhumuza Kananura, Rornald; Mutebi, Aloysius; Jane, Pacuto; Tumuhairwe, Juliet; Tetui, Moses; Kiwanuka, Suzanne N

    2017-08-01

    Saving groups are increasingly being used to save in many developing countries. However, there is limited literature about how they can be exploited to improve maternal and newborn health. This paper describes saving practices, factors that encourage and constrain saving with saving groups, and lessons learnt while supporting communities to save through saving groups. This qualitative study was done in three districts in Eastern Uganda. Saving groups were identified and provided with support to enhance members' access to maternal and newborn health. Fifteen focus group discussions (FGDs) and 18 key informant interviews (KIIs) were conducted to elicit members' views about saving practices. Document review was undertaken to identify key lessons for supporting saving groups. Qualitative data are presented thematically. Awareness of the importance of saving, safe custody of money saved, flexible saving arrangements and easy access to loans for personal needs including transport during obstetric emergencies increased willingness to save with saving groups. Saving groups therefore provided a safety net for the poor during emergencies. Poor management of saving groups and detrimental economic practices like gambling constrained saving. Efficient running of saving groups requires that they have a clear management structure, which is legally registered with relevant authorities and that it is governed by a constitution. Saving groups were considered a useful form of saving that enabled easy acess to cash for birth preparedness and transportation during emergencies. They are like 'a sprouting bud that needs to be nurtured rather than uprooted', as they appear to have the potential to act as a safety net for poor communities that have no health insurance. Local governments should therefore strengthen the management capacity of saving groups so as to ensure their efficient running through partnerships with non-governmental organizations that can provide support to such groups.

  9. The precautionary savings motive and household savings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mastrogiacomo, Mauro; Alessie, Rob

    2014-01-01

    We quantified the relative importance of the precautionary motive in determining savings. Existing empirical evidence suggests that the impact of precautionary savings is small if one uses a subjective (based on self-reported expectations) measure of uncertainty about next year income. However, othe

  10. Save a life--save the world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fruh, Sharon; Jezek, Kenda

    2010-01-01

    The ancient Hebrew principle of Pikuach Nephesh, "He who saves a life saves the world entire," took precedence in the healing ministry of Jesus. Today, when Christian nurses persist in serving others, striving to achieve compassion and professional excellence, they too uphold the law of "preserving life."

  11. 31 CFR 359.9 - When are interest rates for Series I savings bonds announced?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When are interest rates for Series I... UNITED STATES SAVINGS BONDS, SERIES I General Information § 359.9 When are interest rates for Series I savings bonds announced? (a) The Secretary will furnish fixed rates, semiannual inflation rates, and...

  12. 外墙保温技术与建筑节能材料的应用分析%Application analysis of exterior insulation technology and building energy-saving material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵森

    2015-01-01

    对建筑外墙施工过程中相应的保温技术以及节能材料的使用进行了详细的介绍,首先分析了采用建筑节能材料以及运用外墙保温技术的优势和重要性,以期能够引起人们的足够重视,然后重点介绍了在建筑外墙施工中如何恰当运用外墙保温技术和建筑节能材料,希望能够对于今后的建筑外墙施工有所帮助。%The paper specifically introduces the utilization of corresponding insulation technology and energy-saving material in building exterior construction,firstly analyzes the merits and importance of applying building energy-saving materials and applying exterior insulation technology so as to attract people’s attention,and then mainly describes how to applying exterior insulation technology and building energy-saving materials in building exterior construction,with a view to be some help for building exterior construction in future.

  13. Dirty, sexy money

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pearce, F.

    2008-04-19

    Carbon is the hot new commodity, but can trading it like a currency really save the planet? On 1 January the Kyoto Protocol's emissions targets came into full force, creating a market in permits to emit greenhouse gases. The article discusses whether carbon trading is actively providing a mechanism that rewards people for reducing their carbon emissions instead of increasing them or it simply giving big polluters a way of dodging their responsibilities. The system allows companies investing in emissions-cutting projects in developing countries to earn credits known as certified emission reductions (CERs). By late 2007 the UN had approved more than 1600 projects for CERs. More than a third of the official CDM projects are for hydroelectric dams, mostly in China. However, most of these dams were either completed or under construction before the application for carbon credits was made and would have been built anyway. The author argues that it is unavoidable that some credits would go to such projects. He says that the danger is now that governments are seduced into believing the initial success of the carbon market allows them to avoid hard political choices in climatic change. Another danger is that only a minority of emissions are covered by legal caps. Most industrial and transport emissions in developing countries remain outside the market as do huge emissions caused by deforestation, draining wetlands and ploughing fields. One answer might be 'full carbon accounting' in which all exchanges of greenhouse gases, both into and out of the atmosphere, would have to be included in national and corporate carbon accounts. Remove sensing may soon make this possible. 1 fig.

  14. ELECTRONIC MONEY: THE ERA TO PERFECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siyovush Yu. Allakhanov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the significance of the transition to the implementation of new types of money, such as electronic money, and predictors of its uprise. And also there are given the various terms of Russian and foreign scholars on the concept of electronic money. It also discusses the approaches to the definition of electronic money and credit cards as an option for payment of electronic money.

  15. The Money Laundering Prevention System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Cindori

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the money laundering and terrorist financing prevention system in Croatia. The basic concepts are defined, the principles and fundamentals of international regulations analysed, and the regulatory system in Croatia covered by statute and money laundering prevention Regulations is presented, in conjunction with a description of the organisation, remit and international actions of the Money Laundering Prevention Office.The infiltration of dirty money is a crucial problem from national economies. The purchase of shares, of real estate, the establishment of dirty investment funds and the use of the banking system for the embedding of such resources is a danger to the credibility of a whole country, and in particular to the security of the financial and banking system. Croatia has adopted statutory measures aimed at the effective detection and prevention of suspicious financial transactions, in other words the prevention of money laundering.Launderers constantly find new ways, make use of new non-financial channels and expand their activities to real estate, artworks and insurance. Hence it is necessary to keep up with European approaches and recommendations, to strive for further improvement of the laws and the modernisation of the system, and to adopt new regulations harmonised with international standards, particularly with Directive 2005/60/EC.

  16. Understanding the mobile money ecosystem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tobbin, P.

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the structure of the new mobile money ecosystem and the roles of its key players. Mobile money is an evolving sector both in volume and in economic impact especially in the developing world. The paper is an exploratory study that investigates the structure of the ecosystem, p...... for the players in the system. We argue that to ensure sustained robustness and productivity, Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) must adopt a keystone strategy in the system. And can refrain from being dominators by encouraging new niches in the area of the m-commerce application.......This paper discusses the structure of the new mobile money ecosystem and the roles of its key players. Mobile money is an evolving sector both in volume and in economic impact especially in the developing world. The paper is an exploratory study that investigates the structure of the ecosystem......, providing a foundation for future strategic analysis of the system. We adopt a theoretical insight from Moore's business ecosystem theory to explain the key roles of the actors in the mobile money ecosystem. And also draw extensively from the work of Iansiti and Levien to explain the best strategies...

  17. PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP PEMEGANG KARTU E-MONEY SEBAGAI ALAT PEMBAYARAN DALAM TRANSAKSI KOMERSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Nyoman Anita Candrawati

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available One means of electronic or non-cash payments are by using electronic money card (e-money. Value of money is stored electronically and issued on the basis of the value of money paid to the holders of the provider. The money is used as a means of payment, but not the deposit as stipulated in the Banking Law, so it is not guaranteed by Saving Guarantee Institution (LPS.   There are two issues that were examined in this study, namely: the arrangements for electronic money card holders in e-money transactions and legal protection for the cardholder to perform e-money transactions. The research is a normative legal research using law and conceptual approach. Based on the results of studies conducted on the issue, the legal regulation of the form of electronic    money    stipulated    in    Bank    Indonesia    Regulation    Number 11/12/PBI/2009   on   Electronic   Money,   and   through   standard   agreements governed by the provider, such as terms and conditions of the card holder. Legal protection for the cardholder is required to ensure the equality of the provider and the card holder, including legal protection against the misuse of e-money card that can be detrimental to the holder, through preventive and repressive legal protection.

  18. 基于自组织网络的基站自优化节能技术研究%Research on Energy Saving Technology of Self-Optimisation for Base Station Based on Self-Organizing Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓光

    2013-01-01

    Base station system as the main equipment for mobile communication is an important object for energy saving and emission reduction. This paper mainly discusses the energy-saving technologies of self-optimization for base station based on self-organizing network to reduce the OPEX, including energy saving function network architecture, performance of KPI parameter processing, and energy saving solution for base station system, which makes the self-optimization control for based on self-organizing network realized without the effect for network QoS.%基站系统作为移动通信的主要设备,是节能减排的重要对象。主要探讨了基于自组织网络的基站自优化节能技术以降低OPEX,包括实现自优化节能的自组织网络架构、节能性能KPI参数处理和基站系统节能实施方案,使基站系统在不影响网络QoS的前提下,实现基于自组织网络的基站自优化节能控制。

  19. ARC Code TI: Save

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Save is a framework for implementing highly available network-accessible services. Save consists of a command-line utility and a small set of extensions for the...

  20. MENGELOLA KEUANGAN SECARA SYARIAH DALAM RANGKA MENUMBUHKAN GOOD MONEY HABIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aini Masruroh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The wealth owned by Muslim basically is a trust from Allah that must be spent or distributed responsibly. Good habit in spending money is reflected on how the person makes a financial decision of his own. The main aspect in conducting the financial plan is the ability to save and invest. A person is qualified as having good money habits if he is able to ‚pay themselves‛ first than other interests. Meaning that each earn he have, he is able to allocate it to charity, the primary consumption, and plans for the future. Whereas the  ‚spontaneous‛ type might probably refuses to make a financial planning.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v5i1.2557 

  1. Mengelola Keuangan Secara Syariah dalam Rangka Menumbuhkan Good Money Habit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aini Masruroh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The wealth owned by Muslims basically is a trust from Allah that must be spent or distributed responsibly. Good habit in spending money is reflected on how the person makes a financial decision of his own. The main aspect in conducting the financial plan is the ability to save and invest. A person is qualified as having good money habits if he is able to pay themselves first that other interest. Meaning that each earn he have, he is able to allocated it to charity, the primary consumption, and plans for the future. Whereas the spontaneous type might probably refuses to make a financial planningDOI: 10.15408/aiq.v5i1.2111

  2. J.R. Simplot: Burner Upgrade Project Improves Performance and Saves Energy at a Large Food Processing Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2005-09-01

    This DOE Industrial Program case study describes how the J.R. Simplot Company saved energy and money by increasing the efficiency of the steam system in its potato processing plant in Caldwell, Idaho.

  3. J.R. Simplot: Burner Upgrade Project Improves Performance and Saves Energy at a Large Food Processing Plant (Steam)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2005-09-01

    This DOE Industrial Program case study describes how the J.R. Simplot Company saved energy and money by increasing the efficiency of the steam system in its potato processing plant in Caldwell, Idaho.

  4. J.R. Simplot: Burner Upgrade Project Improves Performance and Saves Energy at a Large Food Processing Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2005-09-01

    This DOE Industrial Program case study describes how the J.R. Simplot Company saved energy and money by increasing the efficiency of the steam system in its potato processing plant in Caldwell, Idaho.

  5. J.R. Simplot: Burner Upgrade Project Improves Performance and Saves Energy at a Large Food Processing Plant (Steam)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2005-09-01

    This DOE Industrial Program case study describes how the J.R. Simplot Company saved energy and money by increasing the efficiency of the steam system in its potato processing plant in Caldwell, Idaho.

  6. Endogenous money, circuits and financialization

    OpenAIRE

    Malcolm Sawyer

    2013-01-01

    This paper locates the endogenous money approach in a circuitist framework. It argues for the significance of the credit creation process for the evolution of the economy and the absence of any notion of ‘neutrality of money’. Clearing banks are distinguished from other financial institutions as the providers of initial finance in a circuit whereas other financial institutions operate in a final finance circuit. Financialization is here viewed in terms of the growth of financial assets an...

  7. No Mission, No Money: No Money, No Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durel, John W.

    2010-01-01

    Museum leaders around the country are in the midst of examining and changing their business models in response to new economic realities. Museum educators have an opportunity to play a leading role in this endeavor. To do so educators must understand the relationship between money and mission. For too long there has been a belief that the…

  8. Disordered Money Behaviors: Development of the Klontz Money Behavior Inventory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brad T Klontz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Much of the existing literature on financial behavior focuses on basic money management tasks (e.g., balancing a checkbook. However, it can be equally important to identify problematic financial behaviors that can sabotage one’s financial health. The purpose of this study was to create an assessment tool that can be used by mental health and financial professionals to identify disordered money behaviors that may impede on progress towards one’s financial goals. This study asked 422 respondents to indicate their agreement with disordered money behaviors, including compulsive buying, pathological gambling, compulsive hoarding, workaholism, financial enabling, financial dependence, financial denial, and financial enmeshment, which were correlated with demographic characteristics and financial outcomes. The results identified eight subscales derived from 68 disordered money behavior items. All eight subscales were found to have high reliability in measuring disordered behaviors, and six were associated with negative financial health indicators (e.g. less net worth, less income, and/or more revolving credit.

  9. Power load leveling and energy saving measures for office buildings. Power load leveling and energy saving technology for the new building of the Kobe branch of the Kansai Electric Power Co., and its effect; Office biru no denryoku fuka heijunka sho energy hosaku. Kobe shiten shinshaoku ni okeru denryoku fuka heijunka sho energy gijutsu to sono koka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuchiyama, M. [Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)

    1999-06-10

    This paper presents power load leveling and energy saving measures for heat source, air conditioning and lighting of the new Kobe branch building. The low-temperature hot-air system adopts an ice storage system, and reduces blowing power by 12 degreesC blowing in place of normal 16 degreesC blowing, and an initial cost by duct size reduction. The continuous air conditioning system levels an initial peak load of air conditioning as compared with normal air conditioning only for working hours for buildings with large heat capacity. In addition, as power load leveling measures for the whole building, the complete heat storage system using an underground internal melting type ice storage tank is adopted. Energy saving for lighting is achieved with a dimming lighting controlling its lighting output by inverter. The following effects are expected by these new technologies: Load leveling effect of 30%, energy saving effect of 20.2% and CO{sub 2} reduction effect of 24.1%. (NEDO)

  10. Application of the Energy Saving Construction Technology in Architectural Engineering of Industrial and Civil Building%工民建建筑工程中节能施工技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳

    2014-01-01

    The rapid development of the construction industry has brought the huge consumption of energy for our country, serious impact on the development of our economical society. China is stil in the exploration stage in the industrial and civil construction energy saving technology field, so in reinforcing the application of energy saving construction technology at the same time also should actively learn from foreign advanced energy-saving construction techniques, to promote the develo-pment of China's economy society.%建筑业的高速发展给我国的能源带来了巨大的消耗,严重影响了我国节约型社会的发展理念。我国在工民建筑节能施工技术领域还处于探索的阶段,所以在加强节能施工技术应用的同时还要积极的借鉴国外先进的节能施工技术,促进我国节约型社会的发展。

  11. Saving Energy Through Advanced Power Strips (Poster)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christensen, D.

    2013-10-01

    Advanced Power Strips (APS) look just like ordinary power strips, except that they have built-in features that are designed to reduce the amount of energy used by many consumer electronics. There are several different types of APSs on the market, but they all operate on the same basic principle of shutting off the supply power to devices that are not in use. By replacing your standard power strip with an APS, you can signifcantly cut the amount of electricity used by your home office and entertainment center devices, and save money on your electric bill. This illustration summarizes the different options.

  12. 31 CFR 351.14 - When are rate announcements that apply to Series EE savings bonds announced?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT OFFERING OF UNITED STATES SAVINGS BONDS, SERIES EE Maturities, Redemption Values, and... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When are rate announcements...

  13. 铁路房屋建筑节能技术研究%Research on Energy - saving Technology of Railway Building Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭占月

    2011-01-01

    研究目的:铁路房屋建筑作为交通运输房屋,功能繁多、空间复杂、人员流动量大,耗能量大,给节能设计工作带来一定的困难.本项研究针对铁路房屋功能划分和耗能状况,重点对工业建筑(检修库)不同围护结构热工参数进行模拟分析,并且对厂房热压自然通风热环境作分析,提出建筑节能设计中应采用的建筑节能策略.研究结论:在建筑设计中应采用整体观的节能策略,将被动式节能与主动式节能结合起来,并通过改变进风条件、工艺布置及采取隔热、机械送风等降温措施,使铁路系统房屋最终建成建筑的能耗大大降低.%Research purposes: The railway building architecture as the traffic building with the multiple functions, the complex space, the big energy consumption and the going and coming of so many people has the difficulties in energy -saving. Based on the analysis of the classification of the functions of railway building and the situation of the energy consumption, the simulation analysis of the thermotechnical parameters of the space enclosing structure of the industrial architecture (repair workshop)is made, also the analysis of the heat environment of the workshop building under the heat pressing natural ventilation is made and the energy - saving tactics of the architecture is offered for the energy -saving design of the architecture.Research conclusions:The integrated energy - saving tactics should be adopted in the energy - saving design of the architecture and the passive energy - saving should be combined with active energy - saving. The energy consumption of the railway building can be much cut by improving the ventilation condition and processing set-up,and taking measures of the heat insulation and machinery blowing - in.

  14. 节能环保技术在房屋建筑施工中的应用分析%Application analysis of energy-saving and environment-protecting technology in housing building construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯广隆

    2015-01-01

    In order to saving energy and create green and low-carbon living environment,the paper specifically describes energy-saving and envi-ronment-protecting technology application measures in wall,roof,door and window construction,and studies building space planning and solar energy application,which has significant meaning for promote continuous development of domestic economy,environment and energy resources.%为节约资源、营造绿色低碳的人居环境,对节能环保技术在墙体、屋面、门窗施工中的应用措施进行了详细阐述,并对建筑空间规划以及太阳能的应用作了研究,对促进国内经济、环境、能源的可持续发展具有重要意义。

  15. 高效节能技术在烧结机点火炉中的应用实践%Application of high efficiency energy-saving technology in the sintering ignition furnace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张述明; 马志刚

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the sinter quality and saving energy and reducing consumption, togeth-er with the present situation of Chenggang gas balance, the research adopted new type of high efficien-cy and energy saving technology of burning mouth.The sintering ignition furnace fuel from blast fur-nace gas to coke oven gas, and the application effect of comparison was analyzed.%为了提高烧结矿质量和节能降耗,结合承钢煤气平衡现状,研究采用新型高效节能点火烧嘴技术,将烧结机点火炉燃料由高炉煤气改为焦炉煤气,并进行了应用效果对比分析。

  16. Is Ethical Money Financially Smart?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renneboog, L.D.R.; Ter Horst, J.R.; Zhang, C.

    2006-01-01

    Abstract: Little is known about how investors select socially responsible investment (SRI) funds. Investors in SRI funds may care more about social or ethical issues in their investment decisions than about fund performance. This paper studies the money-flows into and out of the SRI funds around the

  17. Is Ethical Money Financially Smart?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renneboog, L.D.R.; Ter Horst, J.R.; Zhang, C.

    2006-01-01

    Little is known about how investors select socially responsible investment (SRI) funds.Investors in SRI funds may care more about social or ethical issues in their investment decisions than about fund performance.This paper studies the money-flows into and out of the SRI funds around the world.We fi

  18. Money and transmission of bacteria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gedik, H.; Voss, T.A.; Voss, A.

    2013-01-01

    Money is one of the most frequently passed items in the world. The aim of this study was to ascertain the survival status of bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Vancomycin- Resistant Enterococci (VRE) on banknotes from different countries and the transmission of bacteria

  19. Eleven Ways To Make Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vail, Kathleen

    1998-01-01

    Many school districts are becoming aggressively entrepreneurial in their efforts to raise money. One district serves as the Internet service provider for their area, another rents buses and drivers to community groups. A sidebar describes a controversial deal between Coca-Cola and the Colorado Springs School District. (MLF)

  20. Reliability Analysis of Money Habitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgadillo, Lucy M.; Bushman, Brittani S.

    2015-01-01

    Use of the Money Habitudes exercise has gained popularity among various financial professionals. This article reports on the reliability of this resource. A survey administered to young adults at a western state university was conducted, and each Habitude or "domain" was analyzed using Cronbach's alpha procedures. Results showed all six…

  1. Reliability Analysis of Money Habitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgadillo, Lucy M.; Bushman, Brittani S.

    2015-01-01

    Use of the Money Habitudes exercise has gained popularity among various financial professionals. This article reports on the reliability of this resource. A survey administered to young adults at a western state university was conducted, and each Habitude or "domain" was analyzed using Cronbach's alpha procedures. Results showed all six…

  2. Is Ethical Money Financially Smart?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renneboog, L.D.R.; Ter Horst, J.R.; Zhang, C.

    2006-01-01

    Abstract: Little is known about how investors select socially responsible investment (SRI) funds. Investors in SRI funds may care more about social or ethical issues in their investment decisions than about fund performance. This paper studies the money-flows into and out of the SRI funds around the

  3. Globalization and Money Laundering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Dorel Popa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Twentieth century has been characterized by many structural changes on the planetary level. Thechanges were caused by social revolutions, the communist bloc collapse, huge technological advances, notleast the significant increase of the international trade volume. The second part of the century brought theglobalization as a major feature of our world. Globalization has manifested first in the Economical field andthen gradually in other areas of the social life. This phenomenon brought undeniable benefits and a number ofrisks and negative effects for the countries of the world. The biggest threat in this respect is the extent oftransnational organized crime. The originality of this paper is consisting in understanding of moneylaundering using the factors that define the formation and development of this crime, as well the favor factors.The added value of the paper comes from interdisciplinary presentation of this crime. This paper highlightsthe conditions and factors that cause serious consequences in this respect. Studying this crime and its featurescould be a key for solving many problems in the area of Economical crimes. This paper could contribute tothe work of police officers, prosecutors or judges on daily bases fight against crime and its socialconsequences.

  4. DSM energy saving pilot project report. Company Augstceltne Ltd., Riga, Latvia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krievins, P.; Cakuls, A.; Kaross, V.; Jansons, D.

    1995-05-01

    This report is a part of the Joint Latvian - Danish Project DEMAND SIDE MANAGEMENT AND ENERGY SAVING. The Project is a part of the Danish aid and technology transfer to Latvia. It is the result of collaborative efforts between a Latvian team, consisting of the specialists from Latvenergo and a Danish team, which was represented by Danish Power Consult. The purpose of this pilot project was not only to carry out energy audit in the company Augstceltne Ltd and propose demand side management and energy saving measures. Another task of the project was the application of DPC energy audit methodic, measuring equipment and software in Latvian conditions and the promotion of energy saving programs in Latvia in this way. The Company Augstceltne Ltd was created to rent the rest of premises for many other independent companys and to earn money for surviving. Now the Company has 9 buildings with a total area of 26,920 square meters. The tower block has 23 floors and it is the main business centre. 66 companies are located in the building. (EG)

  5. 浅谈工业锅炉节能技术(产品)评价体系建立%Discussion on Evaluation System of the Industrial Boiler Energy-saving Technology or Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆倩; 徐慎忠

    2016-01-01

    At present, the overall operating efifciency of China's industrial boiler was low, and the energy boiler energy-saving technology and product respond to national conserve energy call was various, but there was no uniifed comprehensive evaluation method on their applicability, economical efifciency and popularization. Although the energy saving evaluation system at home and abroad had been more and more mature, but most aimed at large power station boilers, central heating, etc., with no reference to the sparser industrial boiler energy saving technology (product). In the future, based on literature research, combined with engineering analysis and questionnaire survey, supplemented by experimental verification, typical case analysis and numerical simulation and other methods, the multivariate industrial boiler energy-saving technology (product) evaluation index model combining qualitative and quantitative, technical and market, safety and energy saving could been established.%目前我国工业锅炉整体运行效率低下,响应国家节能号召的锅炉节能技术与产品繁多,缺少统一的评价方法对其适用性、经济性和推广性进行综合评价。虽然目前国内外的节能评价体系日趋成熟,但多是针对大型电站锅炉、集中供暖等,对分布较广、较分散的工业锅炉节能技术(产品)借鉴性不足。未来可以采用文献研究为基础、工程分析与问卷调研相结合的方式,辅以实验验证、典型案例分析、数值仿真模拟等方法,形成定性、定量相结合,技术与市场相结合,安全与节能相结合的多元工业锅炉节能技术(产品)评价指标模型。

  6. Does Money Buy Economic Value Or Happiness?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kelly Kiyeon Lee; Min Zhao; Ying Zhao

    2015-01-01

      We find that when money is highlighted (vs. not), consumers tend to choose more consumption units than what they are actually able to consume because money prompts consumers to think about the economic value of consumption...

  7. Money Marries Money - Intergenerational Top Household Income Mobility in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Martin David; Bonke, Jens; Hussain, M. Azhar

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes intergenerational earnings and income mobility among top-income households in Denmark. Access to administrative registers allowed us to look at very small fractions of the populations, and to distinguish between sons and daughters and to observe their spouses’ incomes. At the....... At the top of the income distribution we find a correlation of 0.763 between father and mother’s pooled income and that of their son and daughter-in-law’s pooled income, which indicates that money marries money.......This paper describes intergenerational earnings and income mobility among top-income households in Denmark. Access to administrative registers allowed us to look at very small fractions of the populations, and to distinguish between sons and daughters and to observe their spouses’ incomes...

  8. Accrued Cost Savings of a Free Clinic Using Quality-Adjusted Life Years Saved and Return on Investment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Jim; Lacey, Marcus; Guse, Clare E

    2017-01-01

    Savings garnered through the provision of preventive services is a form of profit for health systems. Free clinics have been using this logic to demonstrate their cost-savings. The Community-Based Chronic Disease Management (CCDM) clinic treats hypertension using nurse-led teams, clinical protocols, and community-based settings. We calculated CCDM's cost-effectiveness from 2007 to 2013 using 2 metrics: Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) saved and return on investment (ROI). QALYs were calculated using the Clinical Preventive Burden (CPB) score for hypertension care. ROI was calculated by tallying the savings from prevented heart attacks, strokes, and emergency department visits against the total operating costs. Using conservative assumptions for cost estimates, hypertension care resulted in a value of QALYs saved of $711,000 to $2,133,000 and an ROI ratio range of 0.35 to 1.20. Our study shows that when using conservative assumptions to calculate cost-savings, our free clinic did not save money. Cost-savings did occur, but the amount was modest, was less than that of cost-inputs, and was not likely captured by any single health entity. Although free clinics remain a vital health care access point for many Americans, it has yet to be demonstrated that they generate a net savings. © Copyright 2017 by the American Board of Family Medicine.

  9. The endogeneity of money and the eurosystem

    OpenAIRE

    Steiger, Otto

    2004-01-01

    The endogenous theory of money, developed by Basil Moore, argues that the supply of central bank money in modern economies is not under the control of the central bank. According to this view, a central bank typically supplies cash reserves automatically on demand at its minimum lending rate, resulting in a clearly horizontal money supply function. While the paper agrees with Moore that the supply of central bank money cannot be determined exogenously by the central bank, it wonders whether t...

  10. Saving Energy and Reducing Emission When Recycling Acetone during the Production of Soy Phospholipid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Daicheng; Wang Yan; Tao Yinhua

    2008-01-01

    Acetone, which is volatile, flammable, toxic, expen-sive and causing serious air pollution, is often used as extracting solvent in the production of powdery soy phospholipid. Recycling and reusing acetone is the key of reducing the cost of production. Therefore, saving energy and reducing emission when recycling acetone are the most important technologies during the production of phospholipid. On the basis of the productivity of powdery phospholipid being 2.4 t every day, 43.2 t acetone is reused every 8 h and the total volume of acetone gas emitted is 450.75 m3 (about 901.5 kg). According to the current price of acetone, the lost money is about 7212 yuan RMB.

  11. Equipment energy efficiency energy-saving control technology and application%设备能效控制节能技术及实践应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹阳

    2013-01-01

    Saving energy and reducing consumption, building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society have an important role, and it can also promote the development of enterprises, improve the economic efficiency of enterprises. We took the benefits of six Sigma as the guiding ideology, from “value” perspective, examined equipment energy consumption. Through innovative thinking, we reviewed the “waste heat recovery and utilization”,“centralized energy supply”,“eliminate transition waste”,“eliminate the design margin”,“excellent process energy saving”,“frequency conversion control application of”,“new technology”as the 7 major technical methods of energy saving energy, we realized saving goals, played a good role in promotion.%  节能降耗,对建设资源节约型和环境友好型社会具有重要的推动作用,同时也是促进企业发展、提高企业经济效益的有效措施。我公司以精益六西格玛为指导思想,从“价值”角度,审视设备能耗点,通过创新思维,梳理总结了“余热回收利用”、“中央集中供能”、“消除过渡浪费”、“消除设计余量”、“优化工艺节能”、“变频控制应用”、“新技术引进”等7大技术节能方法,为节能降耗目标的实现,起到了良好的推动作用。

  12. Discussion on the application of building energy-saving technology%谈建筑节能技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐耀

    2015-01-01

    The paper introduces the building energy-saving methods,mainly studies energy-saving methods of building heating system,water sup-ply and drainage system and electrical system,and describes energy-saving design matters and principles,with a view to rationally apply various renewable energy resources and to achieve optimal living and office environment with the least energy consumption.%介绍了建筑节能的途径,主要针对建筑采暖系统、给排水系统与电气系统的节能方式进行了研究,阐述了在节能设计中需注意的事项及遵循的原则,以期合理利用各类可再生资源,以最少的能源消耗达到最优的居住和办公环境。

  13. 75 FR 10059 - Money Market Fund Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ... Commission issued a release proposing new rules and rule amendments governing the operation of money market funds.\\2\\ Money market funds are open-end management investment companies that are registered under the... and Computation of Current Price Per Share by Certain Open-End Investment Companies (Money...

  14. THE ORIGINS AND NATURE OF MONEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela IAVORSCHI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The importance of money and the role they hold in the economy can be seen as the keystone of economic life. For a better understanding of the essence of the monetary phenomena it is especially important to turn to history and see how money was born. By turning to their origins, we discover the real fundaments of monetary issues. Only after such a systematic analysis we will be able to suggest the appropriate solutions for the current monetary issues. Therefore, in this study I will research the origin of money and their functionality on the market.The aim of this paper is to analyse the origin of money as a social institution. The appearance and use of money has prehistoric roots. People have turned to the usage of money out of need to facilitate trade. During thousands of years money has known different forms going from money as merchandise, to coins and later to paper money and electronic currency. In this study I have analysed the role of natural money, as well as their production and functionality on the market. The main questionto be answered is whether the production and functionality of paper money nowadays is the consequence of the free market, having the Austrian’s School liberal perspective as a starting point. This methodological approach demonstrates that money is and will remain a social institution and the implication of the authorities in the currency issuing, even from ancient times, has caused distortions in the economic activity.

  15. Young Person's Guide to Managing Money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Harriet

    This booklet gives young people who are just starting out on their own with a small income the information they need to manage their money. The following topics are discussed: how individuals can determine how much money they will have to live on; how to read a pay stub; Social Security and the future; the importance of putting money in the bank…

  16. Time Is More Valuable Than Money

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正People often say,"Time is money,"But in fact time is more valuable than money.Why?Because when money is spent,we can earn it back.However,when time is lost,it will never return.This is the reason why we must value time.

  17. Energy-saving Technology of Large Airport Integrated Transport Hub%大型空港综合交通枢纽建筑节能技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣健光

    2013-01-01

    Based on the analysis of large airport integrated transport hub features and energy consumption systems, energy-saving tech-nologies suited to large airport integrated transport hub are discussed, including building design, building envelope insulation, building shad-ing, natural ventilation, daylighting technology, energy-saving technologies in air-conditioning system, electrical system and water supply sys-tem. Building annual energy consumption simulation analysis can be used as an important method of energy optimization of large airport inte-grated transport hub. And it can be used to determine the energy-saving objectives or targets of operation management.%在分析大型空港综合交通枢纽特点和用能系统的基础上,从建筑设计、围护结构保温隔热、建筑遮阳技术、自然通风技术、自然采光技术、空调系统节能技术、电气系统节能技术和给水系统节能技术等方面探讨适用于大型空港综合交通枢纽的节能技术。同时,建筑全年能耗模拟分析可作为大型空港综合交通枢纽节能优化的重要手段,并可用于确定其节能运行管理目标或指标。

  18. Electrical auto-control energy saving design of sewage treatment plant based on A^2/O technology%基于A^2/O工艺的污水处理厂电气自控节能设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨坤; 李文华

    2012-01-01

    以山东某污水处理厂为例,探讨了基于A2/O工艺的污水处理厂电气自控节能设计思路,从电气系统和控制系统两方面入手,分别阐述了变电站、电压器、运行方式、照明损耗等环节的节能措施,为同类型的水厂节能设计提供了参考。%Taking a sewage treatment plant in Shandong as an example, this paper discussed electrical auto-control energy saving design ideas of sewage treatment plant based on A^2/O technology, from electrical system and control system two respects, separately elaborated the energy saving measures of substation, voltage regulator, operation modes, lighting loss and other links, provided reference for similar type water plant saving design.

  19. Application Research on Energy-saving Emission Reduction Technology at Data Center%节能减排技术在数据中心的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜致远; 张仁庆; 陈昌鑫

    2011-01-01

    The energy-efficient data center prohlem has been paid attention more and more , this article proposes some technologies to realize energy-saving, based on the current development situation of dala center energy-saving. Using these ways, it not only can save great of electric power changes and extent equipments life, but also can decrease the environment influence cased by dato center consuming. It helps enterprises to establish image.%数据中心节能问题越来越被重视,本文根据教据中心节能方面目前的发展情况,提出一些技术使企业数据中心实现节能使用这些技术,不仅可节约大量电费支出和延长设备寿命,同时减少数据中心对环境的影响,为企业树立环保的形象.

  20. SAVED LEAVE BONUS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des ressources humaines

    2000-01-01

    Staff members participating in the RSL programme are entitled to one additional day of saved leave for each full period of 20 days remaining in their saved leave account on 31 December 1999.Allowing some time for all concerned to make sure that their periods of leave taken in 1999 are properly registered, HR division will proceed with the crediting of the appropriate number of days in the saved leave accounts from 25 January 2000.Human Resources DivisionTel.73359

  1. 绿色节能技术在HN公司综合办公楼的设计与应用%Design and Application of Green Energy Saving Technology in HN Company Office Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦正范

    2014-01-01

    绿色能源技术最大限度地节约资源(节能、节地、节水、节材)、保护环境和减少污染,为人们提供健康、适用和高效的使用空间。本文以HN公司办公楼为例,通过绿色建筑设计单位参与的设计,在有限的投资成本下,优化出一套有效的绿色建筑设计方案,以最大限度节约和高效利用能源,实现建设节能率达到50%,可再生能源利用率100%(生活热水量),非传统水源利用率达到31.37%,达到一星级绿色建筑的标准,为地区绿色建筑的推广提供借鉴和学习。%Green energy technology can maximal y save resources (energy saving, land saving, water saving, materials saving), protect the environment and reduce pol ution, provide health, application and efficient use of space for the peop-le. This paper takes HN company office building as an exam-ple, through the design of green building participated by de-sign units, in the limited investment cost, optimize a set of eff-ective green building design, in order to maximize the conser-vation and efficient use of energy, realize the construction of energy-saving rate reached 50%, renewable energy utilization rate is 100%(hot water), non traditional water utilization rate reached 31.37%, achieved a star green building standards, pro-vides a reference and learning for the promotion of green bu-ilding.

  2. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Center (EOC) 101 Emergency Operations Center CDC Laboratory Science: Mission Critical Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home ...

  3. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Center (EOC) 101 Emergency Operations Center CDC Laboratory Science: Mission Critical Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home Smoke- ...

  4. Energy-saving Design and Construction Technology of Building Envelope%建筑外围护结构节能设计与施工技术若干问题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅柏翔

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, with the slowdown of economic growth in China, the government pays more and more attention to resources and energy issues. At present, building energy consumption problem is serious, which has created a huge burden to the economic construction in China, and has become an important factor affecting the social sustainable development in China. Residential building envelope directly affects the energy-saving of the building. The good news is that the energy-saving design and construction technology of the building envelope is becoming more and more mature, and the design and construction of envelope is becoming energy-saving. Combined practical engineering projects, this article analyzes the measures for energy-saving design and construction of building envelope.%近几年随着我国国民经济放缓,国家越来越重视资源和能源问题。当前建筑耗能问题严峻,已经给我国经济建设造成了巨大的负担,而且也成为当前影响我国社会可持续发展的重要原因。而住宅建筑外围护结构会直接影响到建筑的节能性,可喜的是我国当前建筑围护结构的节能设计和施工技术越来越成熟,围护结构的设计和施工技术也逐渐向节能需求靠拢。为此我们结合具体工程案例,分析如何进行建筑外围护结构节能设计和施工。

  5. Hot Money,Hot Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    After emerging from the economic doldrums, developing economies are now confronted with a new danger-a flood of international hot money. But how has the speculative capital circumvented regulatory controls and what are the consequences concerning the stability of the developing world? Zhao Zhongwei, a senior researcher with the Institute of World Politics and Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, discussed these issues in an article recently published in the China Securities Journal. Edited excerpts follow

  6. 2007 National Money Laundering Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-16

    teenagers, the unbanked , adults unable to qualify for a credit card, and immigrants sending cash to family outside the country. The unbanked in the...payments, and even payroll. Issuers see the greatest fee potential, however, among the unbanked , who, by using the cards in place of cash and money...Cards can be used at ATM & PO S 0 Unbanked w orkers w ho are beng pad by cash or check Fee ncom e (low er cost to em ployer) Fraudulent bus

  7. The Illusory Effects of Saving Incentives on Saving

    OpenAIRE

    Engen, Eric M.; William G. Gale; John Karl Scholz

    1996-01-01

    The authors evaluate research on how tax-based saving incentives (IRAs and 401(k)s) affect saving. Previous research overstates the impact of the incentives on saving by failing to account for several issues: households with saving incentives have stronger tastes for saving than others; saving incentives have interacted with debt, nonfinancial assets, financial markets, and pensions; and saving incentives represent pretax balances, whereas taxable accounts represent posttax balances. Accounti...

  8. Energy Savings Lifetimes and Persistence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffman, Ian M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Schiller, Steven R. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Todd, Annika [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Billingsley, Megan A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Goldman, Charles A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Schwartz, Lisa C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2016-02-01

    This technical brief explains the concepts of energy savings lifetimes and savings persistence and discusses how program administrators use these factors to calculate savings for efficiency measures, programs and portfolios. Savings lifetime is the length of time that one or more energy efficiency measures or activities save energy, and savings persistence is the change in savings throughout the functional life of a given efficiency measure or activity. Savings lifetimes are essential for assessing the lifecycle benefits and cost effectiveness of efficiency activities and for forecasting loads in resource planning. The brief also provides estimates of savings lifetimes derived from a national collection of costs and savings for electric efficiency programs and portfolios.

  9. Money and trust among strangers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camera, Gabriele; Casari, Marco; Bigoni, Maria

    2013-09-10

    What makes money essential for the functioning of modern society? Through an experiment, we present evidence for the existence of a relevant behavioral dimension in addition to the standard theoretical arguments. Subjects faced repeated opportunities to help an anonymous counterpart who changed over time. Cooperation required trusting that help given to a stranger today would be returned by a stranger in the future. Cooperation levels declined when going from small to large groups of strangers, even if monitoring and payoffs from cooperation were invariant to group size. We then introduced intrinsically worthless tokens. Tokens endogenously became money: subjects took to reward help with a token and to demand a token in exchange for help. Subjects trusted that strangers would return help for a token. Cooperation levels remained stable as the groups grew larger. In all conditions, full cooperation was possible through a social norm of decentralized enforcement, without using tokens. This turned out to be especially demanding in large groups. Lack of trust among strangers thus made money behaviorally essential. To explain these results, we developed an evolutionary model. When behavior in society is heterogeneous, cooperation collapses without tokens. In contrast, the use of tokens makes cooperation evolutionarily stable.

  10. Money creation in a random matching model

    OpenAIRE

    Alexei Deviatov

    2004-01-01

    I study money creation in versions of the Trejos-Wright (1995) and Shi (1995) models with indivisible money and individual holdings bounded at two units. I work with the same class of policies as in Deviatov and Wallace (2001), who study money creation in that model. However, I consider an alternative notion of implementability–the ex ante pairwise core. I compute a set of numerical examples to determine whether money creation is beneficial. I find beneficial e?ects of money creation if indiv...

  11. MONEY LAUNDERING TYPOLOGIES SPECIFIC TO ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Din Alina Valentina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Money laundering is a process by which some people render or try to render a legal appearance to some profits obtained illegally by criminals who, without being compromised, will afterwards benefit from the respective incomes. In this context, the issue of money laundering, comprising a wide spectrum of directions, namely: the main landmarks regarding the appearance of “dirty” money and its laundering; the money laundering mechanism which mainly involves its A the placement the initial movement of money, in order to change its form or place and to place it outside the authorities’ coverage area of applying the law. For the incomes in cash which are permanently cashed, there are valid the first techniques used by the mafia groups in 1920 in the USA. Illegal money is mixed with money legally obtained from businesses which involve cash receipts. B Stratification (or investment represents the second stage of money laundering in which the money circulates within different companies, corporations and financial institutions, physically, by deposit or electronic transfer. One aims to physically move the money to other entities in order to separate it from its illegal source in an attempt to disguise its origin. In most of the cases, the first concern after committing the basic infraction is to transfer money abroad. The basic rule is that the person whose funds have to be transferred should not assume this risk. At the international level there are networks of professional couriers who take over the transfer action and provide the delivery of money abroad, at the established place and then its integration, respectively the return of clean money to the offender in order to be used as legally obtained money; regulations regarding money laundering, at international level (Convention from Vienna, Recommendations of the International Financial Group - GAFI 40 + 8 Special Recommendations regarding Terrorism Financing, European Union

  12. Efforts of Controlling Money Laundering of Narcotics Money in Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    Khaled A. ALASMARI

    2014-01-01

    Money laundering is a silent crime. Its goal is to cover up the source of large sums of money that criminals often gather from their criminal activities. This paper will analyze the situation of money laundering in narcotics as it applies in Saudi Arabia. To achieve this end, the paper will first define important terms such as money laundering and narcotics. It will then explain the relationship between money laundering, narcotics trade, and terrorism activities. This background information w...

  13. HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS AS A SOURCE OF INVESTMENT RESOURCES IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Nosova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The approaches of scientists in definition of the household savings, the motives of their creation and the role they perform are identified; the role of household savings in the economy is described; the importance of household saving transformation from unorganized to organized forms is analyzed; the size of saving in financial and nonfinancial forms, its dynamics and structure are characterized; comparison between household savings and main macroeconomic indicators is conducted; ways of investment of households savings are discussed; the dynamics of deposits in banks and credit unions, the participation of households in collective investment schemes (private and corporate investment funds is characterized; the dynamics of household deposits in national and foreign currencies is shown; the dynamics of nominal value of investment fund’s securities, that have been placed among resident individuals are characterized; the dynamics of deposit accounts and the number of credit unions members are described; the comparative characteristics of different ways to invest money is given; the reasons of unorganized savings existence are marked; barriers to convert savings into investments and the ways of overcoming them are identified.

  14. Optimal Mechansim Design and Money Burning

    CERN Document Server

    Hartline, Jason D

    2008-01-01

    Mechanism design is now a standard tool in computer science for aligning the incentives of self-interested agents with the objectives of a system designer. There is, however, a fundamental disconnect between the traditional application domains of mechanism design (such as auctions) and those arising in computer science (such as networks): while monetary transfers (i.e., payments) are essential for most of the known positive results in mechanism design, they are undesirable or even technologically infeasible in many computer systems. Classical impossibility results imply that the reach of mechanisms without transfers is severely limited. Computer systems typically do have the ability to reduce service quality--routing systems can drop or delay traffic, scheduling protocols can delay the release of jobs, and computational payment schemes can require computational payments from users (e.g., in spam-fighting systems). Service degradation is tantamount to requiring that users burn money}, and such ``payments'' can...

  15. Technology computer aided design simulation for VLSI MOSFET

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkar, Chandan Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Responding to recent developments and a growing VLSI circuit manufacturing market, Technology Computer Aided Design: Simulation for VLSI MOSFET examines advanced MOSFET processes and devices through TCAD numerical simulations. The book provides a balanced summary of TCAD and MOSFET basic concepts, equations, physics, and new technologies related to TCAD and MOSFET. A firm grasp of these concepts allows for the design of better models, thus streamlining the design process, saving time and money. This book places emphasis on the importance of modeling and simulations of VLSI MOS transistors and

  16. THE TWO SIDES OF MONEY LAUNDERING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina – Maria ENE

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The mainly goal of money laundering is to carry out more and more illegal economic transactions or activities to produce individual or groups gains and then to legitimate them. Money laundering converts illicit source of money generated by criminal activities in order to hide the connection between money and their original illegal activities. This is one of money laundering side. The second side implies corruption. While money laundering is a passing channel for illicit funds due to its criminal origin source, such funds may derive from corruption offences. All corruption’s forms represent the most important illicit funds branches for money laundering process. Corrupt people methods used to exploit the national and international financial system reflect the relationship between those two criminal activities. Criminals achieve their personal interests by hiding their corruption proceeds and transfer these gains to official economies. Corruption spread in any society entails money laundering spread, and the converse, too. There is a quite “indecent” relationship between money laundering and corruption. This paper tries to identify the multiple connections between the two phenomenons showing the negative impacts these criminal behaviours are having on the national and international economy. We conclude by highlighting the necessity of a multidisciplinary approach in order to fight against money laundering and corruption by integrating these problem frameworks at national level. International community must focus their resources on money laundering and corruption risks areas and maximize their response impact.

  17. Towards a post-cash society: an application to convert fiat money into a cryptocurrency

    OpenAIRE

    Huckle, Steve; White, Martin; Bhattacharya, Rituparna

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss an application that uses blockchain technology to transfer fiat money into a cryptocurrency — Ether. A typical use of this technology could be to become a component of a larger system, whereby, after traveling, a customer can exchange leftover foreign currency for their local denomination. However, a more interesting application could be to convert fiat money into a cryptocurrency to facilitate a demonetisation scheme, such as that implemented recently in India. In t...

  18. Reactors Save Energy, Costs for Hydrogen Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    While examining fuel-reforming technology for fuel cells onboard aircraft, Glenn Research Center partnered with Garrettsville, Ohio-based Catacel Corporation through the Glenn Alliance Technology Exchange program and a Space Act Agreement. Catacel developed a stackable structural reactor that is now employed for commercial hydrogen production and results in energy savings of about 20 percent.

  19. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... practice hand hygiene in hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Release Date: 8/4/2010 Source: Healthcare-associated ... choose "Save target as…", save file in desired location. Firefox/Chrome: Right-click on the link, choose " ...

  20. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to us. Send us a comment about our videos . Learn more about CDC-TV Download Instructions Explorer: Right-click on the link, choose "Save target as…", save file in desired location. Firefox/Chrome: Right-click on the ... CDC-TV CDC-TV videos cover a variety of health, safety and preparedness ...

  1. Polish households’ saving strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Anioła

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of households’ saving strategies types classification. A cluster analysis method, based on households’ saving portfolio, was used for classification. Six types of strategies were distinguished: low risk, conservative, very passive, very conservative, diversification and aggressive.

  2. Potential energy savings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe

    1996-01-01

    This chapter describes the chosen methods for estimating the potential energy savings if ordinary window glazing is exchanged with aerogel glazing as well as commercial low-energy glazings.......This chapter describes the chosen methods for estimating the potential energy savings if ordinary window glazing is exchanged with aerogel glazing as well as commercial low-energy glazings....

  3. Value analysis for advanced technology products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soulliere, Mark

    2011-03-01

    Technology by itself can be wondrous, but buyers of technology factor in the price they have to pay along with performance in their decisions. As a result, the ``best'' technology may not always win in the marketplace when ``good enough'' can be had at a lower price. Technology vendors often set pricing by ``cost plus margin,'' or by competitors' offerings. What if the product is new (or has yet to be invented)? Value pricing is a methodology to price products based on the value generated (e.g. money saved) by using one product vs. the next best technical alternative. Value analysis can often clarify what product attributes generate the most value. It can also assist in identifying market forces outside of the control of the technology vendor that also influence pricing. These principles are illustrated with examples.

  4. Energy Savings Potential and Research & Development Opportunities for Commercial Refrigeration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2009-09-01

    This study documents the energy consumption of commercial refrigeration equipment (CRE) in the U.S. and evaluated the energy savings potential of various technologies and energy efficiency measures that could be applied to such equipment. The study provided an overview of CRE applications, assessed the energy-savings potential of CRE in the U.S., outline key barriers to adoption of energy-savings technologies, and recommended opportunities for advanced energy saving technology research. The study was modeled after an earlier 1996 report by Arthur D. Little, Inc., and updated key information, examined more equipment types, and outlined long-term research and development opportunities.

  5. 一种通信机房空调节能降耗技术方案设计%Design of Energy Saving Technology for Air Conditioning System in Communication Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏三强; 朱军

    2012-01-01

    设计了一种通信机房空调节能降耗技术方案。智能通风技术适用于室内温度高于室外温度的场合,利用空气对流交换的原理及室内温度按高低梯度分布的规律,引入室外低温空气,并强制排出室内的热空气,从而达到降温的效果。通信机房空调节能降耗技术方案的设计,即对通信机房空调系统进行全方位的节能降耗改造,把不同节能性能的产品进行合理整合,在智能自控系统的调度下达到理想的节能降耗效果。%Intelligent ventilation technology is suitable for the occasions where indoor temperature is higher than the temperature outside, using principle of air convection exchange and discipline of in- door temperature gradient distribution, introducing outdoor low temperature air, and forcing out of hot air from indoor to achieve cooling effect. The design of energy saving technology for air conditioning system in communication room, namely omnibearing energy saving reform for air conditioning system communication room, effectively integrates energy saving products of different characteristics. It ob- tains best energy conservation effect in reasonable scheduling of intelligent automatic control system, will be able to improve the economic benefit of enterprise, and has a good market application value

  6. 节能成本分析法在节能技术评价中的应用%Analytic Method of Energy Conservation Cost Applies in Energy Saving Technologies Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋习梅

    2012-01-01

    The economic evaluation of energy conservation technology is an important basis for the selection of energy saving technologies. The traditional evaluation indicators such as the payback period, internal rate of return, net present value are calculated on the base of cash flow, and cash flow calculation is closely related to energy price of the project site. Due to energy prices is totally different in different regions, the above mentioned indicators of energy saving do not have general applicability. This paper introduces the concept and calculation method of energy saving cost, and explains by examples.%节能技术经济性评价是节能技术选择的重要依据.传统的评价指标,如投资回收期、内部收益率、净现值等指标是基于现金流计算得出,而现金流的计算与项目所在地的能源价格紧密相关.由于各地能源价格的差异,同一类项目的上述指标因地而异,因此,采用以上指标对节能技术的评价不具备普遍适用性.本文介绍了一种不受项目所在地能源价格影响,并具有普遍适用性的指标——节能成本,并以案例说明.

  7. Development of a Kind of New Type AC Contactor with Electricity-Saving Technology%一种具有节电技术的新型交流接触器开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓军

    2013-01-01

      Introduction was made to product characteristics, technical superiorities, material application and use conditions etc of a kind of new type AC contactor using pulse width modulation (PWM) technology to realize intelligent control. The application of PWM technology and structure renovation obviously raised the reliability, adaptability and safety of products. The products realized energy saving and material saving, in conformity with the newest development trend of contactors at home.%  介绍了一种利用脉宽调制(PWM)技术实现智能控制的新型交流接触器的产品特点、技术优势以及材料应用和使用情况等。通过PWM技术应用以及结构创新,使产品在可靠性、适应性及安全性上显著提升并实现节能、节材,符合当前国内交流接触器最新发展趋势。

  8. Models of Energy Saving Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Jørgen Stig

    1999-01-01

    The paper first describes the concepts and methods around energy saving, such as energy chain, energy services, end-use technologies, secondary energy, etc. Next are discussed the problems of defining and adding energy services and hence end-use energy efficiency or intensity. A section is devote...... service level and technology are demonstrated as the main determinants of future energy consumption. In the concluding remarks, the main flaws of present energy policy and some visions of the future are discussed.......The paper first describes the concepts and methods around energy saving, such as energy chain, energy services, end-use technologies, secondary energy, etc. Next are discussed the problems of defining and adding energy services and hence end-use energy efficiency or intensity. A section is devoted...... to what is termed lifestyle efficiency, including the cultural values and the ability of the economy to provide the services wanted. As explained, integrated resource planning with its optimizing the whole energy chain cannot be combined with sub-optimizing part of it, for instance the supply technology...

  9. Models of Energy Saving Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Jørgen Stig

    1999-01-01

    The paper first describes the concepts and methods around energy saving, such as energy chain, energy services, end-use technologies, secondary energy, etc. Next are discussed the problems of defining and adding energy services and hence end-use energy efficiency or intensity. A section is devote...... service level and technology are demonstrated as the main determinants of future energy consumption. In the concluding remarks, the main flaws of present energy policy and some visions of the future are discussed.......The paper first describes the concepts and methods around energy saving, such as energy chain, energy services, end-use technologies, secondary energy, etc. Next are discussed the problems of defining and adding energy services and hence end-use energy efficiency or intensity. A section is devoted...... to what is termed lifestyle efficiency, including the cultural values and the ability of the economy to provide the services wanted. As explained, integrated resource planning with its optimizing the whole energy chain cannot be combined with sub-optimizing part of it, for instance the supply technology...

  10. 甜菜糖生产中的节能新技术和新工艺%New technology of energy saving in beet sugar manufacturing and novel process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董爱军; 秦文信; 李琳; 徐德昌; 马立明; 洛铁男

    2012-01-01

    The applications of the technologies of reverse osmosis membrane and cooling crystallisation on beet sugar production were introduced in this paper, and a novel beet sugar manufacturing process was presented, in which the technologies of microfiltration membrane, ion exchange resin, reverse osmosis and cooling crystallisation were in combination with traditional process. The new process was environmental friendly and energy - saving.%介绍了反渗透膜技术和冷冻结晶技术在甜菜制糖中的应用,同时还介绍了一种将微滤膜清净,离子交换树脂软化,反渗透膜预浓缩稀汁和冷冻结晶与传统制糖工艺结合的节能环保型甜菜制糖新工艺.

  11. Impact of managed care on the development of new medical technology: ethical concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Pamela; Saha, Subrata

    1995-10-01

    During the last three decades, development of new medical technology has been largely responsible for the spectacular advances in the diagnosis and treatment of many human diseases. This has contributed to improved medical care of our population. However, concerns have been raised that in today's managed care environment of health care, introduction of new medical technology will be difficult. Cost-sensitive health care providers should consider various ethical issues involved before demanding that only those technologies that save money and show highly positive cost benefit ratio will be reimbursed. The impact of such considerations on the innovations of new medical devices and their developments is discussed.

  12. Energy saving report; Energispareredegoerelse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-05-01

    Making the energy consumption more efficient in Denmark by means of energy saving are connected to the Danish government's overall National Growth Strategy. A reduced consumption of energy as a result of economic attractive energy saving initiatives leads to reduced energy costs and consequently an improvement of Denmark's competitive power. Furthermore, reducing the energy consumption decreases the vulnerability towards rising energy prices, and the security of supplies is increased. Finally energy conservation serves as a means of reducing environmental impact from the energy sector. Energy consumption is not damaging to the environment in itself, however, to the extent that energy consumption causes negative impact on the environment, e.g. through discharge of environmentally damaging substances generated during energy production, a reduction of the energy consumption will benefit the environment. Energy saving in itself does not lead to a decrease in CO{sub 2} emission in Denmark unless it is accompanied by an adjustment of CO{sub 2} quotas on production of electricity. The Danish Government emphasizes that the energy saving efforts are cost-effective both for the society and for the consumers. The energy saving report contains an updated projection of the Danish energy consumption and an evaluation of the impacts of the energy saving efforts. The impacts of more effective end use of energy are described, and an account of the barriers preventing the realization of a number of potential economic attractive energy saving initiatives is made. Finally the energy saving report presents a number of proposals for new energy saving initiatives. (BA)

  13. 论被动式太阳能技术引入屋顶节能%Passive solar energy technology in residential roof energy saving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔明敏

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the roof energy consumption of houses,points out the introduction of passive solar energy technique to roof energy-saving,adopts the optimal roof forms and adjustment of thermal effect of roof surface,and has the sufficient use of energy,so as to realize the sus-tainable development for the zero energy consumption of houses.%对住宅的屋顶能耗进行了分析,提出了将被动式太阳能技术引入住宅屋顶节能的概念,并利用优化屋顶形式、调控屋顶表面热效应等手段,对能源进行充分利用,以实现住宅零能耗的可持续发展追求。

  14. 永磁柔性传动技术的节能改造应用研究%Energy Saving Reformation of Permanent-Magnet Flexible Drive Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伊真

    2014-01-01

    The Thermal Power Plant of Masteel installed permanent magnet speed adjust device on its No.3 generator water-jet pump to transmit energy between motor and water pump through permanent magnet air gap, which forms a stable, reliable and energy-saving efficient brand-new speed adjust device.%马钢热电总厂3#机组射水泵改装了永磁调速装置,将电机和水泵之间的能量传递,通过永磁体气隙来完成,既稳定可靠,节能效果也非常明显,是一项全新的调速节能装置。

  15. Approach to energy-saving technology for IGCC-completed air separation plant%IGCC配套空分设备节能技术的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨伟明

    2012-01-01

    In integral gas combined circulation(IGCC) power generation system,oxygen plays a key role in increasing the carbon conversion rate in gasification furnace and the single unit capacity of IGCC power station.Due to high demands on oxygen,the approach to energy-saving is an important topics to further improve the integral efficiency of IGCC.In combination with specific features of the IGCC power generation system,four potential energy-saving methods used for IGCC-completed air separation plant are analyzed in details: pressure swing adsorption oxygen generation technique,air integral technique,deep-cooling process low-purity oxygen generation technique and ionic membrane separation oxygen generation technique.%在整体煤气化联合循环(IGCC)发电系统中,氧气对提高气化炉的碳转化率以及IGCC电站的单机容量起关键性的作用。由于氧气需求量大,对IGCC发电系统配套的空分设备进行节能探索成为进一步提高IGCC整体效率的重要课题。结合IGCC发电系统的具体特点,详细分析变压吸附制氧技术、空气整体化技术、深冷法低纯度制氧技术、离子膜分离制氧技术四个为IGCC配套空分设备的潜在节能方向。

  16. Stability of Money Demand Function in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haroon Sarwar

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The role, which money demand function plays in monetary policy formulation has attracted a lot of research studies to analyze this macroeconomic phenomenon. In the wake of current global and local economic and political upheavals, it is imperative to revisit the stability of money demand function. The study used the time series data and applied latest econometric techniques to find out the long run and short run money demand relationship. Moreover, all the three official monetary aggregates were used for finding out the most stable monetary demand relationship, which could provide correct signals for monetary policy formulation. The study found that broader monetary aggregate (M2 was the proper aggregate, which provided stable money demand function for Pakistan. The real GDP was positively related to the demand for real balances, while opportunity cost of money was negatively related. The study found that the role of financial innovation, in explaining the demand for money warrants attention in formulating monetary policy.

  17. The Determinants of Money Arguments between Spouses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorothy B. Durband

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A commonly held view is that arguments about money are associated with marital problems, but relatively little is known about the nature of arguing about money within marriage. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79, this study uses a collective bargaining approach to examine the role of money arguments in marriage. The sample (N = 1,371 consists of married women. A collective bargaining framework provides a context for understanding money arguments within the marital relationship. Results indicate that costly communication is the dominant predictor of money arguments, followed by level and proportion of wife’s income, and household net worth. Because results suggest that both communication and financial resources are important components to understanding money arguments within marriage, a combination of professionals trained in marital therapy and/or financial planning is required for couples interested in seeking assistance to increase their satisfaction and/or avoid divorce.

  18. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... public health professionals. More > Hand Hygiene Saves Lives (5:10) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Hand ... High resolution [22.9 MB] Open Captioned [14.5 MB] Request a higher resolution file Copy the ...

  19. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Laboratory Science: Mission Critical Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home ... To Health (4:17) Vital Signs High Blood Pressure Spanish Diseases & Conditions Hablemos de la Influenza Influenza ...

  20. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Obesity Epidemic Outbreaks CDC: Protecting Americans through Global Health Ebola and Contact Tracing Global Disease Detectives in ... Science: Mission Critical Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home Smoke- ...

  1. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home Smoke-free Multiunit Housing ... maintained by: Office of the Associate Director for Communication, Division of News and Electronic Media Email Recommend ...

  2. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Center (EOC) 101 Emergency Operations Center CDC Laboratory Science: Mission Critical Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health ... Break the Silence: Stop the Violence Injury Prevention Research In the Swim of Things Safe Teen Drivers ...

  3. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... To Health (4:17) Vital Signs High Blood Pressure Spanish Diseases & Conditions Hablemos de la Influenza Influenza ... Videos are prepared for different audiences including, children, parents, and public health professionals. More > Hand Hygiene Saves ...

  4. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Tricky Treats Hygiene Fight Germs. Wash Your Hands! Go with the Flow Hand Hygiene Saves Lives Wash ... Wes Studi: Signs (:30) Traveler’s Health Way to Go Way to Go: Many Healthy Returns (4:00) ...

  5. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Critical Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home Smoke-free Multiunit ... The Story of Folic Acid Fortification Through the Eyes of the Eagle Wes Studi: Don’t Get ...

  6. Realized Cost Savings 2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — This dataset is provided as a requirement of OMB’s Integrated Data Collection (IDC) and links to VA’s Realized Cost Savings and Avoidances data in JSON format. Cost...

  7. Hand Hygiene Saves Lives

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Saving Lives, Protecting People Environmental Health CDC Tracking Network Health Begins at Home Smoke-free Multiunit Housing ... Email CDC-INFO U.S. Department of Health & Human Services HHS/Open USA.gov Top

  8. Adoption of the Energy-saving Technology of Central Air Conditioner in Modern Hospital%现代医院中央空调节能技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁晶; 彭承琳; 牟帮易

    2012-01-01

      能源是当今世界性的迫切问题,提高空调的制冷效果对于节约能源和减少医院的运营成本,都具有十分重要的意义。鉴于当前节能环保、全球气候异常等问题,本文对医院中央空调系统如何“节能”问题进行了论述。目前利用废热、余热作为能源的溴化锂吸收式冷水机组越来越受到关注。本文对溴化锂吸收式冷水机组的新技术及应用也进行了介绍,并作了中央空调系统关于节能的几个方面的比较。%  Energy is the most urgent problem in the world. To improve the cooling efficiency of air conditioner plays an important role in saving energy and cost control of hospital operations. As the environmental issues and global climate changes have drawn the concern of governments and people worldwide at present time, this article elaborates energy saving of central air conditioner system in hospital. LiBr absorption chil ers which use the waste heat as the power source are get ing more and more popular today. Some new technologies and applications of LiBr absorption Chil er are also discussed in the article. Energy saving of the central air conditioning system are analyzed and compared in some aspects at the same time.

  9. Money Market Operations in Fiscal 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Financial Markets Department

    2004-01-01

    In fiscal 2003, the Bank of Japan changed the target level for current account balances held at the Bank five times, raising it by 15 trillion yen in total. To achieve the target and maintain stability in the money market, the Bank conducted money market operations appropriately by carefully monitoring money market conditions and market participants' bidding in response to the Bank's operations. Autonomous factors such as the flow of treasury funds and banknotes contributed to the increase in...

  10. NREL’s Controllable Grid Interface Saves Time and Resources, Improves Reliability of Renewable Energy Technologies; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-07-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) controllable grid interface (CGI) test system at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) is one of two user facilities at NREL capable of testing and analyzing the integration of megawatt-scale renewable energy systems. The CGI specializes in testing of multimegawatt-scale wind and photovoltaic (PV) technologies as well as energy storage devices, transformers, control and protection equipment at medium-voltage levels, allowing the determination of the grid impacts of the tested technology.

  11. Why Hot Money Is Sizzling in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Hot money can cause serious problems for a country’s financial stability.Though analysts have controversial opinions about how hot money winds its way into China,most of them acknowledge that fast inflows and outflows of hot money have become an issue to be reckoned with.Their influences have been felt in capital and property markets as well as the overall macro-economic perfor- mance.Earlier this month,Economic Information Daily published an article about how the government tracks hot money flows and supervises them.Excerpts follow.

  12. Money creation in the modern economy

    OpenAIRE

    McLeay, Michael; Radia, Amar; Thomas, Ryland

    2014-01-01

    This article explains how the majority of money in the modern economy is created by commercial banks making loans. Money creation in practice differs from some popular misconceptions — banks do not act simply as intermediaries, lending out deposits that savers place with them, and nor do they ‘multiply up’ central bank money to create new loans and deposits. The amount of money created in the economy ultimately depends on the monetary policy of the central bank. In normal times, this is carri...

  13. Modelling Demand for Broad Money in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas Valadkhani

    2002-01-01

    The existence of a stable demand for money is very important for the conduct of monetary policy. It is argued that previous work on the demand for money in Australia has not been very satisfactory in a number of ways. This paper examines the long- and short-run determinants of the demand for broad money employing the Johansen cointegration technique and a short-run dynamic model. Using quarterly data for the period 1976:3-2002:2, this paper finds, inter alia, that the demand for broad money i...

  14. Money Laundering – an Economic Offence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia ŞERBAN MORĂREANU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Preventing and combating money laundering, the product of the transnational organized crime, in general, is one of the most efficient means of stopping this activity, which is a threat for the national or international economic operations.The penal incrimination and sanction of money laundering is a useful instrument for the accountability of all categories of offenders, but also with the purpose of imposing more severe sanctions for those who commit offences generating dirty money, behind so called legal commercial activities.Eventually, we shall review the internal regulations on money laundering, and also of the international judicial instruments incriminating this offence, analysing the offence by its constitutive elements.

  15. 某绿色建筑空调节能技术的设计与评价%Design and Evaluation of A Green Building Air-conditioning Energy-saving Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊生

    2015-01-01

    One star green building is taken as an example in Huadu District of Guangzhou a commercial project. The paper discusses the air-conditioning energy-saving technology of green building, and analyzes the connection and difference of green building and energy saving building. The design thinking and points of this green building are introduced. Evaluation and incremental costs of this green building are obtained. These provide reference for fu-ture similar engineering.%广州市花都区某商业项目拟建为一星绿色建筑。本文以该项目为例,讨论绿色建筑的空调节能技术,浅析绿色建筑和节能建筑的区别与联系,介绍该绿色建筑的设计思路和设计要点,得出绿色建筑的评价,以期为日后类似的工程设计提供参考。

  16. Discussion on the Low Carbon Buildings of China Hangzhou Low Carbon Science and Technology Museum Green Energy-saving%浅谈中国杭州低碳科技馆绿色节能之低碳建筑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢丹

    2013-01-01

      “绿色节能”已成为全世界共同关注的话题,同时也成为节约成本、提高能效的一个重要途径,建筑节能的根本就是低碳。本文以某项目的节能技术应用为例,通过材料、构造、新能源利用等应用情况进行分析,综述低碳建筑发展的必要性。%“Green energy” has become a topic of common concern in the world, but also become an important way to save cost, improve efficiency, the fundamental of building en-ergy efficiency is low carbon. This paper taking the application of energy saving technology in a project as an example, thro-ugh the analysis of materials, construction, new energy in the application, sums the necessity of development of low carbon building.

  17. Reform of Energy Saving Technology for Sulfur Resistant Shift Conversion with Low Water-Gas Ratio%耐硫变换低水气比节能技术改造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张绍延

    2012-01-01

    Type QDB catalyst is used for the reform of energy saving technology with low water-gas ratio, thereby solving the problems of high CO content in the feed gas leading to methanation side reaction and deactivation of the catalyst due to high temperature in the catalyst bed. After the reform the unit runs smoothly, the comprehensive energy consumption for a ton of ammonia lowers by 4.775 GJ, steam consumption falls by 1. 17 t, and so the energy saving effect is remarkable.%应用QDB系列催化剂进行低水气比变换节能技术改造,解决了由于原料气中CO含量高引起的甲烷化副反应和催化剂床层温度高而使催化剂失活快等问题.改造后,装置运行平稳,吨氨综合能耗下降4.775GJ、蒸汽消耗降低1.17t,节能效果显著.

  18. 刍议节能施工技术在工民建建筑工程中的应用%Application of the Energy Saving Construction Technology in Civil Architecture Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘伟斌

    2014-01-01

    随着时代的发展,我国建筑事业得到了快速的发展。尤其在工民建工程中,作为新时期背景下的建筑施工企业,要想在竞争日益激烈的市场中谋求生存和发展,就必须在工民建工程建设过程中加强节能施工技术的应用,提高建筑的节能环保功效。%With the development of the times, China's constr-uction industry has been rapid developed. Especial y in the ci-vil engineering, the construction enterprises under the backgr-ound of new era, to seek survival and development in the inc-reasingly fierce market competition, must strengthen the appl-ication of energy-saving construction technology in the process of civil engineering construction, improve the efficiency of bu-ilding energy saving and environmental protection.

  19. The long-run poverty and gender impacts of mobile money.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suri, Tavneet; Jack, William

    2016-12-09

    Mobile money, a service that allows monetary value to be stored on a mobile phone and sent to other users via text messages, has been adopted by the vast majority of Kenyan households. We estimate that access to the Kenyan mobile money system M-PESA increased per capita consumption levels and lifted 194,000 households, or 2% of Kenyan households, out of poverty. The impacts, which are more pronounced for female-headed households, appear to be driven by changes in financial behavior-in particular, increased financial resilience and saving-and labor market outcomes, such as occupational choice, especially for women, who moved out of agriculture and into business. Mobile money has therefore increased the efficiency of the allocation of consumption over time while allowing a more efficient allocation of labor, resulting in a meaningful reduction of poverty in Kenya. Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  20. Evaluation of electronic money system for remuneration of research participants in epidemiological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katoh, Takahiko; Matsuo, Kana; Kuroda, Shouichiro; Lu, Xi; Oda, Masako; Ohba, Takashi

    2014-01-01

    In a long-term large cohort study, we introduced an electronic money system for remuneration of research participants. In comparison with the delivery of cash vouchers, the operation and mailing cost, and the processing time were significantly reduced. The workers were also able to save the time and effort they spent on the inventory management of cash vouchers. In addition, risk management was improved, as demonstrated by the reduction of complaints and associated problems such as nonarrival or content differences of cash vouchers. This is because only card points as additional money need to be added once the electronic money card has been distributed to the recipients. Furthermore, the psychological stress of workers associated with inventory management and ensuring cash voucher enclosure was also reduced.