WorldWideScience

Sample records for technology organization rto

  1. 75 FR 7581 - RTO/ISO Performance Metrics; Notice Requesting Comments on RTO/ISO Performance Metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission RTO/ISO Performance Metrics; Notice Requesting Comments on RTO/ ISO..., work with regional transmission organizations (RTO), Independent System Operators (ISO), stakeholders and other experts to develop standardized measures that track the performance of RTO/ISO...

  2. RTO Highlights 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    and compressed before being exported to continental Europe, via the pipelines shown on the map. It takes about a week for the gas to travel from the...Office ESPAGNE National Aerospace Laboratory NLR INTA (RTO/AGARD Publications) P.O. Box 90502 Carretera de Torrej6n a Ajalvir, Pk.4 1006 BM Amsterdam...Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe Carretera de Torrej6n a Ajalvir, Pk.4 D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen 2 28850 Torrej6n de Ardoz - Madrid GREECE

  3. Measuring originality: common patterns of invention in research and technology organizations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, D.L.; Wiseman, E.; Keating, T.; Archambeault, J.

    2016-07-01

    The National Research Council of Canada (NRC) co-chairs an international working group on performance benchmarking and impact assessment of Research and Technology Organizations (RTO). The Knowledge Management branch of the NRC conducted the patent analysis portion of the benchmarking study. In this paper, we present a Weighted Originality index that can more accurately measure the spread of technological combinations in terms of hierarchical patent classifications. Using this patent indicator, we revealed a common pattern of distribution of invention originality in RTOs. Our work contributes to the methodological advancement of patent measures for the scientometric community. (Author)

  4. Optimisation of waste air purification in mechanical-biological waste treatment by combining RTO and biofilters; Optimierung der Abluftreinigung bei der MBA durch Kombination von RTO und Biofilter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuhls, C. [gewitra mbH Ingenieurgesellschaft fuer Wissenstransfer, Betriebsstaette Nord, Hannover (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    Both biofilters and RTO can be sources of climate-relevant gaseous emissions (NO2, NO) from conversion of NH3 and organic N. For this reason, an acid scrubber stage, e.g. a counterflow scrubber with filler bodies, should be connected in series if NH3 and organic N concentrations in raw gas are high. Both substances are alkaline and are absorbed in acid. In the case of sulphuric acid, ammonium sulfate solution is obtained which may be concentrated up and used in industrial processes or as fertilizer. (orig.) [German] Die Kenntnisse ueber Bildung und Minderung klimarelevanter Spurengase wie NO (Ozonzerstoerung) und N{sub 2}O (Ozonzerstoerung und Beteiligung am Treibhauseffekt) in Biofiltern und RTO sind noch unzureichend. Juengste Messungen an Pilot- oder Versuchsanlagen zeigen, dass sowohl Biofilter als auch RTO als Emittenten von Treibhausgasen (N{sub 2}O, NO) fungieren koennen. Dies resultiert vor allem aus Umsetzungen von NH{sub 3} und org.N. Aus diesem Grund sollte den Systemen eine saure Waesche z.B. in Form eines Gegenstromwaeschers mit Fuellkoerpern vorgeschaltet werden, wenn entsprechend hohe NH{sub 3} - und org.N - Konzentrationen im Rohgas vorliegen. NH{sub 3} und org.N reagieren basisch und werden in Saeure absorbiert. Bei Verwendung von Schwefelsaeure entsteht Ammoniumsulfatloesung, die ggf. nach Weiterbehandlung als Konzentrat industriell oder als Duenger verwertet werden kann. (orig.)

  5. A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward MoreComprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity RestructuringPolicies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

    2005-12-01

    During the past three years, government and private organizations have issued more than a dozen studies of the benefits and costs of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs). Most of these studies have focused on benefits that can be readily estimated using traditional production-cost simulation techniques, which compare the cost of centralized dispatch under an RTO to dispatch in the absence of an RTO, and on costs associated with RTO start-up and operation. Taken as a whole, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from these studies because they have not examined potentially much larger benefits (and costs) resulting from the impacts of RTOs on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation. This report: (1) Describes the history of benefit-cost analysis of FERC electricity restructuring policies; (2)Reviews current practice by analyzing 11 RTO benefit-cost studies that were published between 2002 and 2004 and makes recommendations to improve the documentation of data and methods and the presentation of findings in future studies that focus primarily on estimating short-run economic impacts; and (3) Reviews important impacts of FERC policies that have been overlooked or incompletely treated by recent RTO benefit-cost studies and the challenges to crafting more comprehensive assessments of these impacts based on actual performance, including impacts on reliability management, generation and transmission investment and operation, and wholesale electricity market operation.

  6. 2004 Space Report: Environment and Strategy for Space Research at NATO’s Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) (Compte rendu Espace 2004 : Environnement et strat gie de la recherche spatiale de l’Organisation pour la recherche et la technologie de l’OTAN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    disponibilité des rapports de la RTO au fur et à mesure de leur publication, vous pouvez consulter notre site Web (www.rta.nato.int) et vous abonner à ce...ouverte » conduit à une perspective coût-retour qui limite la participation des chercheurs aux forums RTO. Les barrières organisationnelles à une...NURC is in the process of establishing an Earth Observation facility at their main site in La Spezia, Italy. In December 2002, under the auspices of

  7. 75 FR 5779 - Notice Providing Agenda for Technical Conference on RTO/ISO Responsiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Providing Agenda for Technical Conference on RTO/ISO Responsiveness.... ER09-1050-000, ER09- 1192-000. ISO New England, Inc. and New England Docket No. ER09-1051-000. Power... , (202) 502-8048. Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. Agenda--Technical Conference on RTO/ISO...

  8. 76 FR 7839 - Notice of Commission and Commission Staff Attendance at ISO/RTO Council and Regional State...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Commission and Commission Staff Attendance at ISO/RTO Council and... of the Commission and Commission staff may attend the following ISO/RTO Council and Regional State..., RTO/ISO Performance Metrics. For more information, contact Sandra Waldstein, Office of...

  9. Technologies in organic farming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    (pollution) and consequences for human health. Broader ideas about ecosystems and the recycling of nutrients between the agricultural sector and the urban population are notably absent. On the basis of these findings the paper concludes by discussing the relationship between the consumers’ values that guide......In organic farming a dilemma is posed by the heavy reliance on nutrients from conventional livestock farming. For Danish organic plant producers the influx of conventional nutrients accounts for up to 70% of their nutrients. Facing this problem, Danish organic farmers’ organizations have decided...

  10. Integration of RTO and MPC in the Hydrogen Network of a Petrol Refinery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar de Prada

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the problems associated with the implementation of Real Time Optimization/Model Predictive Control (RTO/MPC systems, taking as reference the hydrogen distribution network of an oil refinery involving eighteen plants. This paper addresses the main problems related to the operation of the network, combining data reconciliation and a RTO system, designed for the optimal generation and redistribution of hydrogen, with a predictive controller for the on-line implementation of the optimal policies. This paper describes the architecture of the implementation, showing how RTO and MPC can be integrated, as well as the benefits obtained in terms of improved information about the process, increased hydrocarbon load to the treatment plants and reduction of the hydrogen required for performing the operations.

  11. Regional Organizations and Responsibility to Protect: Normative Reframing or Normative Change?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Barqueiro

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP by all United Nations General Assembly (UNGA member states in 2005, and its reaffirmation in dozens of United Nations Security Council (UNSC resolutions, indicate that there is a growing consensus around the world that egregious human rights violations necessitate a cooperative and decisive international response. But just as the political debates raged surrounding the precise articulation of RtoP between 2001 and 2005, so too goes the contemporary debate surrounding the implementation of RtoP. Regional divergences in RtoP implementation, in particular, have been noted by many scholars, as regional organizations implement those elements of RtoP that best suit their policy goals. This paper will apply recent scholarship on norm-lifecycles, specifically on “norm localization” to the operationalization of RtoP by regional organizations. We seek to explore regional divergences on RtoP implementation between the European Union (EU, League of Arab States (LAS, and the African Union (AU on Libya and Syria. From this assessment, three main arguments will be put forward: (1 regional organizations remain politicized, reframing RtoP in divergent ways that dilute the strength of the norm, (2 politicization of the RtoP discourse constrains regional norm localization processes, (3 politicization and reframing of RtoP inhibit regional normative change and limit the potential for timely and decisive responses to protect civilians.

  12. TECHNOLOGICAL LEVEL OF PRODUCTION OF RUSSIAN ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina S. Sagieva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an analysis of the technological level of production of Russian organizations. Areas of study cover the characteristics of the use of technology in manufacturing (the extent of use and level of technology, the problems solved by using specific types of technologies and the use in the production process of intellectual property; factors driving growth of technological level of the surveyed medium and large organizations and provides them with a competitive advantage

  13. Theorizing the Organization of Technology Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.; Heslop, Ben

    In this paper, we explore how, why and which structures are consequential to the organization of technology entrepreneurship. Technology entrepreneurship is a relatively unexplored field of research; yet body of research in this promising area of scholarly enquiry, both theoretically and empirica......In this paper, we explore how, why and which structures are consequential to the organization of technology entrepreneurship. Technology entrepreneurship is a relatively unexplored field of research; yet body of research in this promising area of scholarly enquiry, both theoretically...

  14. Exploiting Commercial Games and Technology for Military Use - 8th Workshop (Exploitation des jeux et des technologies du commerce pour un usage militaire - 8eme atelier). Meeting Proceedings of the NATO Modeling and Simulation Group (NMSG) Workshop held at the Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center, Suffolk, Virginia, U.S.A., 22-24 September 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...the Alliance, to maintain a technological lead, and to provide advice to NATO and national decision makers. The RTO performs its mission with the...actuel. L’OTAN et ACT disposent de l’infrastructure organisationnelle propre à faciliter ce type d’ateliers et doit les poursuivre.

  15. A novel hybrid MCDM model for performance evaluation of research and technology organizations based on BSC approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varmazyar, Mohsen; Dehghanbaghi, Maryam; Afkhami, Mehdi

    2016-10-01

    Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is a strategic evaluation tool using both financial and non-financial indicators to determine the business performance of organizations or companies. In this paper, a new integrated approach based on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods are proposed to evaluate the performance of research centers of research and technology organization (RTO) in Iran. Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) are employed to reflect the interdependencies among BSC perspectives. Then, Analytic Network Process (ANP) is utilized to weight the indices influencing the considered problem. In the next step, we apply four MCDM methods including Additive Ratio Assessment (ARAS), Complex Proportional Assessment (COPRAS), Multi-Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis (MOORA), and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) for ranking of alternatives. Finally, the utility interval technique is applied to combine the ranking results of MCDM methods. Weighted utility intervals are computed by constructing a correlation matrix between the ranking methods. A real case is presented to show the efficacy of the proposed approach.

  16. Organic photovoltaics: technologies and manufacturing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galagan, Y.O.; Andriessen, H.A.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    It is assumed, that the organic electronics industries and organic solar cells in particular, are in the transition stage towards commercialization. The companies and R&D institutes in this area are moving now from research and development stage to manufacturing. The biggest challenges are how to

  17. Organic photovoltaics: technologies and manufacturing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galagan, Y.O.; Andriessen, H.A.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    It is assumed, that the organic electronics industries and organic solar cells in particular, are in the transition stage towards commercialization. The companies and R&D institutes in this area are moving now from research and development stage to manufacturing. The biggest challenges are how to sc

  18. Organizing for Networked Information Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The book provides seven practical examples of how Danish companies implemented new information technology in order to transform their internal and external business processes. The purpose is to share some of the companies' concerns and hopes during this implementation process, with each case...

  19. Treatment technology for organic radioactive waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, S. J.; Lee, Y. H.; Shon, J. S. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)

    1999-12-01

    In this report, various alternative technologies to the incineration for the treatment of radioactive organic wastes were described and reviewed, fallen into two groups of low temperature technologies and high temperature technologies. These technologies have the advantages of low volume gaseous emission, few or no dioxin generation, and operation at low enough temperature that radionuclides are not volatilized. Delphi chemical oxidation, mediated electrochemical oxidation, and photolytic ultraviolet oxidation appear to be the most promising low temperature oxidation process and steam reforming and supercritical water oxidation in the high temperature technologies. 52 refs., 39 figs., 2 tabs. (Author)

  20. ANSTO: Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization conducts or is engaged in collaborative research and development in the application of nuclear science and associated technology. Through its Australian radio-isotopes unit, it markets radioisotopes, their products and other services for the nuclear medicine industry and research. It also operates national nuclear facilities (HIFAR and Moata research reactors), promotes training, provides advice and disseminates information on nuclear science and technology. The booklet briefly outlines these activities.

  1. Work and technological innovation in organic agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tereso, M J A; Abrahão, R F; Gemma, S F B; Montedo, U B; Menegon, N L; Guarneti, J E; Ribeiro, I A V

    2012-01-01

    Organic agriculture is a sustainable cultivation ecologically, economically and socially. Several researches in organic agriculture have been made from technical perspectives, economic traits or related to ecological aspects. There are practically no investigations into the nature of the technology used in organic agriculture, especially from an ergonomic perspective. From the activity analysis, this study aimed to map the technology used in the production of organic vegetables. Properties producing organic vegetables were selected representing the State of São Paulo. It was applied an instrument (questionnaire and semi-structured interview) with their managers and it was made visual records to identify adaptations, innovations and technological demands that simultaneously minimize the workload and the difficulties in performing the tasks and increase work productivity. For some of the technological innovations a digital scanner was used to generate a virtual solid model to facilitate its redesign and virtual prototyping. The main results show that organic farmers have little technology in product form. The main innovations that enable competitive advantage or allow higher labor productivity occur in the form of processes, organization and marketing.

  2. GUIDE TO CLEANER TECHNOLOGIES: ORGANIC COATING REPLACEMENTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    This guide describes available and emerging cleaner technologies that can be used to reduce emissions and wastes from paint and coatings applications. Environmental concerns and increasing costs of organic chemicals and metals are leading to changes in the formulation of organic ...

  3. Designing Work, Technology, Organizations and Vice Versa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    link work and organisation to the use of artefacts and technological systems (and vice versa), exploring by means of different cases of organizational and design research articulations and disarticulations of daily work and design; the doing of objects and technologies in everyday organizational life...... of design has been ‘black-boxed’ and easily implied as an updated (and more fashionable) version of the traditional idea of structuring organizational processes. At the same time, working and organizing seem to be embedded nowadays in increasingly complex and situated technologies and practices....... If the spreading of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has changed workplaces (and even the very meaning of 'workplace' as an area marked by the physical presence of different human actors), working and organizing mobilizes the joint action of humans, technologies and knowledges. The aim of the book...

  4. Organic electronics emerging concepts and technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Santato, Clara

    2013-01-01

    An overview of the tremendous potential of organic electronics, concentrating on those emerging topics and technologies that will form the focus of research over the next five to ten years. The young and energetic team of editors with an excellent research track record has brought together internationally renowned authors to review up-and-coming topics, some for the first time, such as organic spintronics, iontronics, light emitting transistors, organic sensors and advanced structural analysis. As a result, this book serves the needs of experienced researchers in organic electronics, graduate

  5. Circuit design in organic semiconductor technologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heremans, P.; Dehaene, W.; Steyaert, M.; Myny, K.; Mariën, H.; Genoe, J.; Gelinck, G.H.; Veenendaal, E. van

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we review the state of the art of digital and analog circuits that have been shown in recent years in organic thin-film transistor technology on flexible plastic foil. The transistors are developed for backplanes of displays, and therefore have the characteristics to be unipolar and t

  6. Technological status of organic photovoltaics (OPV)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlé, Jon Eggert; Krebs, Frederik C

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives a technological status of organic and polymer photovoltaics (OPV) for both single and tandem junctions. We list the current state-of-the-art at the laboratory level for very small rigid and mostly vacuum processed devices to larger area flexible and printed devices. In comparison...

  7. Organic Process Technology Valuation: Cyclohexanone Oxime Syntheses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Kevin C.; Breen, Maureen P.

    2010-01-01

    Three contemporary processes for cyclohexanone oxime synthesis are evaluated in a case study. The case study introduces organic chemistry students to basic cost accounting to determine the most economical technology. Technical and financial aspects of these processes are evaluated with problem-based exercises that may be completed by students…

  8. ESTRATEGIA PARA EL PRONÓSTICO DEL RTO DE FAST TCP, MEDIANTE LÓGICA DIFUSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Peña

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta el diseño y la simulación de una estrategia para el pronóstico del temporizador de retransmisión del algoritmo de control de la congestión FAST TCP. La estrategia utiliza la técnica de inteligencia computacional denominada lógica difusa. Los resultados de la simulación demuestran que a través de esta nueva forma de pronóstico del RTO, FAST TCP hace un mejor seguimiento a la situación real de congestión de la red, en el marco de una conexión entre dos extremos de la misma.

  9. The Research & Technology Organisation (RTO) and The NATO Modelling & Simulation Group (NMSG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    reps with decision authority . NMSG - Belgium - Greece - Spain - Bulgaria - Italy - Slovakia - Canada - Hungary - Slovenia - Czech R. - The... Organising Conferences, Workshops, Lecture Series, Seminars, Specialists Teams … – NMSG Annual Conference 2009 Brussels, 2010 Utrecht...With the disbandment of NATO Army Armaments Group and Land Group 8 in Apr 03. – NMSG was officially named as the Delegated Tasking Authority for

  10. NATO RTO Space Science and Technology Advisory Group (SSTAG) Recommendations for Space Research Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Manual , On-screen Digitizing, Spectral Change Vectors, Knowledge-Based Vision Systems. • Degradation of environment as a result of training activities...K1A 0K2 ITALIE ROUMANIE DANEMARK Centro di Documentazione Romanian National Distribution Danish Acquisition and Logistics Tecnico -Scientifica...944 ITALY SDG TECEN / DGAM PO Box 18 Centro di Documentazione C/ Arturo Soria 289 197 21 Praha 9 Tecnico -Scientifica della Difesa Madrid 28033 Via

  11. Web Technologies in Practice. The Integration of Web Technologies by Environmental Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Eimhjellen, Ivar Sognnæs

    2014-01-01

    This article uses a structuration model to explore the interaction between technology and organizations. Based on a case study of three environmental organizations in Norway and opposing visions of a single predetermined effect of web technology, it argues that the implications of web technologies within organizations are diverse and can strengthen existing organizational characteristics. With diverging organizational structures, norms, and culture, different interpretations, m...

  12. [Organization and technology in the catering sector].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinarelli, Arnaldo

    2014-01-01

    The catering industry is a service characterized by a contract between customer and supplier. In institutional catering industry, the customer is represented by public administration; in private catering industry, the customer is represented by privates. The annual catering trades size is about 6.74 billions of euros, equally distributed between health sector (hospitals, nursing homes), school sector and business sector (ivorkplace food service), with the participation of nearly 1.200 firms and 70.000 workers. Major services include off-premises catering (food prepared away from the location where it's served) and on-premises catering (meals prepared and served at the same place). Several tools and machineries are used during both warehousing and food refrigerating operations, and during preparation, cooking, packaging and transport of meals. In this sector, injuries, rarely resulting serious or deadly, show a downward trend in the last years. On the contrary, the number of occupational diseases shows an upward trend. About the near future, the firms should become global outsourcer, able to provide other services as cleaning, transport and maintenance. In addition, they should invest in innovation: from tools and machineries technology to work organization; from factory lay-out to safely and health in the workplaces.

  13. Concise Review: Organ Engineering: Design, Technology, and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaushik, G.; Leijten, J.C.H.; Khademhosseini, A.

    2016-01-01

    Engineering complex tissues and whole organs has the potential to dramatically impact translational medicine in several avenues. Organ engineering is a discipline that integrates biological knowledge of embryological development, anatomy, physiology, and cellular interactions with enabling technolog

  14. Concise Review: Organ Engineering: Design, Technology, and Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaushik, G.; Leijten, J.C.H.; Khademhosseini, A.

    2017-01-01

    Engineering complex tissues and whole organs has the potential to dramatically impact translational medicine in several avenues. Organ engineering is a discipline that integrates biological knowledge of embryological development, anatomy, physiology, and cellular interactions with enabling technolog

  15. GUIDE TO CLEANER TECHNOLOGIES: ORGANIC COATING REMOVAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    A cleaner technology is a source reduction or recycle method |applied to eliminate or significantly reduce hazardous waste generation. Source reduction includes product changes and source control. Source control can be further characterized as input material changes, technology...

  16. 3D Bioprinting Technologies for Hard Tissue and Organ Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Wang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Hard tissues and organs, including the bones, teeth and cartilage, are the most extensively exploited and rapidly developed areas in regenerative medicine field. One prominent character of hard tissues and organs is that their extracellular matrices mineralize to withstand weight and pressure. Over the last two decades, a wide variety of 3D printing technologies have been adapted to hard tissue and organ engineering. These 3D printing technologies have been defined as 3D bioprinting. Especially for hard organ regeneration, a series of new theories, strategies and protocols have been proposed. Some of the technologies have been applied in medical therapies with some successes. Each of the technologies has pros and cons in hard tissue and organ engineering. In this review, we summarize the advantages and disadvantages of the historical available innovative 3D bioprinting technologies for used as special tools for hard tissue and organ engineering.

  17. Integrating Information Technologies Into Large Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottlich, Gretchen; Meyer, John M.; Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

    1997-01-01

    NASA Langley Research Center's product is aerospace research information. To this end, Langley uses information technology tools in three distinct ways. First, information technology tools are used in the production of information via computation, analysis, data collection and reduction. Second, information technology tools assist in streamlining business processes, particularly those that are primarily communication based. By applying these information tools to administrative activities, Langley spends fewer resources on managing itself and can allocate more resources for research. Third, Langley uses information technology tools to disseminate its aerospace research information, resulting in faster turn around time from the laboratory to the end-customer.

  18. Development of the destruction technology for radioactive organic solid wastes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Won Zin; Park, H.S.; Lee, K.W. [and others

    1999-04-01

    The followings were studied through the project entitled 'Technology development for nuclear fuel cycle waste treatment'. 1. Organic waste decomposition technology development A. Destruction technology for organic wastes using Ag(2)-mediated electrochemical oxidation B. Recovery and regeneration technology for the spent chemicals used in the MEO process 2. Radioactive metal waste recycling technology A. Surface decontamination processes B. Decontamination waste treatment technology 3. Volume reduction technology nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) technology A. Estimation of the amount of radwastes and the optimum volume reduction methodology of domestic NFC B. Pretreatment of spent fuel cladding by electrochemical decontamination C. Hot cell process technology for the treatment of NFC wastes 4. Design and fabrication of the test equipment of volume reduction and reuse of alpha contaminated wastes 5. Evaluation on environmental compatibility of NFC A. Development of evaluation methodology on environmental friendliness of NFC B. Residual activity assessment of recycling wastes. (author). 321 refs., 54 tabs., 183 figs.

  19. Social Technologies and Informal Knowledge Sharing within and across Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarrahi, Mohammad Hosein

    2013-01-01

    This doctoral dissertation is focused on both empirical and conceptual contributions relative to the roles social technologies play in informal knowledge sharing practices, both within and across organizations. Social technologies include (a) traditional social technologies (e.g., email, phone and instant messengers), (b) emerging social…

  20. Social Technologies and Informal Knowledge Sharing within and across Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarrahi, Mohammad Hosein

    2013-01-01

    This doctoral dissertation is focused on both empirical and conceptual contributions relative to the roles social technologies play in informal knowledge sharing practices, both within and across organizations. Social technologies include (a) traditional social technologies (e.g., email, phone and instant messengers), (b) emerging social…

  1. 3D Bioprinting Technologies for Hard Tissue and Organ Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaohong Wang; Qiang Ao; Xiaohong Tian; Jun Fan; Yujun Wei; Weijian Hou; Hao Tong; Shuling Bai

    2016-01-01

    Hard tissues and organs, including the bones, teeth and cartilage, are the most extensively exploited and rapidly developed areas in regenerative medicine field. One prominent character of hard tissues and organs is that their extracellular matrices mineralize to withstand weight and pressure. Over the last two decades, a wide variety of 3D printing technologies have been adapted to hard tissue and organ engineering. These 3D printing technologies have been defined as 3D bioprinting. Especial...

  2. Technology and structure of nursing organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, J W; Mark, B

    1990-04-01

    Theory building and theory application in nursing administration enable the nurse executive to work more effectively at the managerial task. Alexander and Mark apply a model that allows for comparison and contrast between various nursing units based on the nature of their work as assessed on the variables of technology and structure. In this model, technology is assessed on three dimensions: instability, variability, and uncertainty; and structure is assessed as to vertical participation, horizontal participation, and formalization. Cases studies clarify the model and show its application.

  3. Interactive Communication Technologies in Business Organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Everett M.; Allbritton, Marcel M.

    1995-01-01

    Explores the distinctive aspects of the new interactive communication technologies (electronic mail over the Internet) in business communication and their implications. Discusses the growth of interactive communication, the concept of interactivity, physical distance and social presence, getting to critical mass, and flexibility and control of…

  4. Technology of high-temperature organic coolant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vorobei, M.P.; Makin, R.S.; Kuprienko, V.A. [and others

    1993-12-31

    A wide range of studies were carried out in RIAR on the problems connected with the use of high-temperature organic coolant at nuclear power plants. The work performed and successful experience gained in persistent operation of the ARBUS reactor confirmed the inherent safety characteristics, high operational reliability, as well as improved safety of stations with similar reactors. A large scope of studies were carried out at the ARBUS pilot reactor and loop with the organic coolant of the MIR reactor and a wide range of problems were solved. The studies are described.

  5. Technology of high temperature organic coolant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makin, R.S.; Vorobei, M.P.; Kuprienko, V.A.; Starkov, V.A.; Tsykanov, V.A.; Checketkin, Y.V. [Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Ulyanovsk (Russian Federation)

    1993-12-31

    Research has been performed on the problems related to the use of high temperature organic coolants in small and medium nuclear power plants. The work performed and also the experience of operating the ARBUS reactor confirmed the inherent safety features, reliability, and enhanced safety margins of the plants with this type of coolants. The advantages of this system and research highlights are presented.

  6. Automated System Organizations Under Spatial Grasp Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    This mode of high-level system vision based on holistic and gestalt principles [6-8] rather than cooperating parts or agents [1] has psychological...M. Wertheimer, “ Gestalt Theory“, Erlangen. Berlin, 1925. [7] P. Sapaty, “ Gestalt -Based Ideology and Technology for Spatial Control of Distributed...Dynamic Systems”, International Gestalt Theory Congress, 16th Scientific Convention of the GTA, University of Osnabrück, Germany, March 26 - 29

  7. Technology for the Organic Chemist: Three Exploratory Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteb, John J.; McNulty, LuAnne M.; Magers, John; Morgan, Paul; Wilson, Anne M.

    2010-01-01

    The ability to use computer-based technology is an essential skill set for students majoring in chemistry. This exercise details the introduction of appropriate uses for this technology in the organic chemistry series. The incorporation of chemically appropriate online resources (module 1), scientific databases (module 2), and the use of a…

  8. Three Essays on Information Technology Security Management in Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Manish

    2011-01-01

    Increasing complexity and sophistication of ever evolving information technologies has spurred unique and unprecedented challenges for organizations to protect their information assets. Companies suffer significant financial and reputational damage due to ineffective information technology security management, which has extensively been shown to…

  9. A decade of 3C technologies: insights into nuclear organization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Wit, E.; de Laat, W.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past 10 years, the development of chromosome conformation capture (3C) technology and the subsequent genomic variants thereof have enabled the analysis of nuclear organization at an unprecedented resolution and throughput. The technology relies on the original and, in hindsight, remarkably

  10. Three Essays on Information Technology Security Management in Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Manish

    2011-01-01

    Increasing complexity and sophistication of ever evolving information technologies has spurred unique and unprecedented challenges for organizations to protect their information assets. Companies suffer significant financial and reputational damage due to ineffective information technology security management, which has extensively been shown to…

  11. Introducing a Technological Change in a Public School Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, A. E.

    A segment of a longitudinal study of the changing management philosophy of a public school organization involves the introduction of a new technology--the use of an integrated information system--in an environment that was to have been prepared for change. The administrators and staff of the organization had participated in a feasibility study…

  12. Institutionalization of Technology Transfer Organizations in Chinese Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Yuzhuo; Zhang, Han; Pinheiro, Rómulo

    2015-01-01

    There is a lack of in-depth studies on how technology transfer organizations (TTOs) are organized and developed. This paper examines the evolution/institutionalization of TTOs in Tsinghua University (TU), as a microcosm of the development of TTOs in Chinese universities. It explores two issues in particular: what kinds of TTOs have been developed…

  13. Institutionalization of Technology Transfer Organizations in Chinese Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Yuzhuo; Zhang, Han; Pinheiro, Rómulo

    2015-01-01

    There is a lack of in-depth studies on how technology transfer organizations (TTOs) are organized and developed. This paper examines the evolution/institutionalization of TTOs in Tsinghua University (TU), as a microcosm of the development of TTOs in Chinese universities. It explores two issues in particular: what kinds of TTOs have been developed…

  14. Technology of producing granular fertilizers on an organic basis

    OpenAIRE

    Острога, Руслан Алексеевич; Юхименко, Николай Петрович; Михайловский, Яков Эммануилович; Литвиненко, Андрей Владимирович

    2016-01-01

    The possibility of producing granular fertilizers on an organic basis due to disposal of organic waste of poultry farms is proved. It is shown that such waste has a form of very liquid suspensions. Therefore, to minimize power consumption for their processing, granulation in the fluidized bed apparatus is the optimum technology of producing a granular product. Temperature conditions and operating parameters of organic suspension granulation process are experimentally determined. The existence...

  15. Management and Information Technology Challenges for the Modern Organization

    CERN Document Server

    Ekman, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Information technology has come to play an important role in organizations over the last few decades. Though it began as an entity dealt with by specialists, IT has evolved to become an everyday tool with both operational and strategic impacts. Most modern organizations have adopted different forms of IT, and become dependent on their computer-based information systems and their peripherals for everyday operations. Information technology offers opportunities to increase efficiency, customer value, and competitiveness. Given the financial investment in IT required by organizations to remain com

  16. NATO Conference on Work, Organizations, and Technological Change

    CERN Document Server

    Niehaus, Richard

    1982-01-01

    This volume is the proceedings of the Symposium entitled, "Work, Organizations and Technological Change" which was held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, West Germany, 14-19 June 1981. The meeting was sponsored by the Special Panel on Systems Sciences of the NATO Scientific Affairs Division. In proposing this meeting the Symposium Directors built upon several preceding NATO conferences in the general area of personnel systems, manpower modelling, and organization. The most recent NATO Conference, entitled "Manpower Planning and Organization Design," was held in Stresa, Italy in 1977. That meeting was organized to foster research on the interrelationships between programmatic approaches to personnel planning within organizations and behavioral science approachs to organization design. From that context of corporate planning the total internal organizational perspective was the MACRO view, and the selection, assignment, care and feeding of the people was the MICRO view. Conceptually, this meant that an integrated appr...

  17. The Adoption of Grid Computing Technology by Organizations: A Quantitative Study Using Technology Acceptance Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udoh, Emmanuel E.

    2010-01-01

    Advances in grid technology have enabled some organizations to harness enormous computational power on demand. However, the prediction of widespread adoption of the grid technology has not materialized despite the obvious grid advantages. This situation has encouraged intense efforts to close the research gap in the grid adoption process. In this…

  18. New Optoelectronic Technology Simplified for Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED)

    OpenAIRE

    Andre F. S. Guedes; Vilmar P. Guedes; Simone Tartari; Mônica L. Souza; Idaulo J. Cunha

    2014-01-01

    The development of Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED), using an optically transparent substrate material and organic semiconductor materials, has been widely utilized by the electronic industry when producing new technological products. The OLED are the base Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), PEDOT, and Polyaniline, PANI, were deposited in Indium Tin Oxide, ITO, and characterized by UV-Visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Optical Parameters (OP) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). In addition,...

  19. Teamwork in Modern Organizations: Implications for Technology Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak, Moshe; Maymon, Tsipora; Harel, Gedaliahu

    1999-01-01

    Examines characteristics of teamwork in modern organizations and workplaces in order to extrapolate the means for transferring teamwork skills to technology education. Discusses teamwork in education, team development, communication skills, interpersonal skills, team decision making, role assignment and leadership, and evaluation of team…

  20. Teamwork in Modern Organizations: Implications for Technology Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak, Moshe; Maymon, Tsipora; Harel, Gedaliahu

    1999-01-01

    Examines characteristics of teamwork in modern organizations and workplaces in order to extrapolate the means for transferring teamwork skills to technology education. Discusses teamwork in education, team development, communication skills, interpersonal skills, team decision making, role assignment and leadership, and evaluation of team…

  1. PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT APPROACHES IN ECONOMIC ORGANIZATIONS USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Mehedintu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Performance management includes activities that ensure that goals are consistently being met inan effective and efficient manner. Performance management can focus on the performance of an organization, adepartment, employee, or even the processes to build a product or service, as well as many other areas.In these days of globalization and intensive use of information technology, the organizations must defineand implement an appropriate strategy that would support their medium-term development, stability andcompetitiveness. This is achieved through a coherent and interrelated set of activities for understanding thecustomer expectations and the level at which the offer of organization add value to customers and satisfy theirneeds, define their internal organization to allow timely response to market demands without losing focus on client,tracking strategy and business model for the accomplishment of the organization mission, aligning the existing ITproject management or under development implementation in organization with the strategic management oforganization etc. Strategic Management determines the improvement of processes, effective use of resources, focuson critical areas in terms of finance, creating opportunities for innovation and technological progress, improvementof the supply mechanism and the duty to promote personal interaction and negotiation at all levels, continuousassessment of organization and its technological trends, analyze the market potential and competence field etc.Strategic management system will not give good results if the strategy is not defined by a set of operationalobjectives clearly at all levels.Business performance is based on a set of analytical processes of business, supported by informationtechnology that defines the strategic goals that can be measured by performance indicators. EnterprisePerformance Management creates a powerful and precise environment, characterized by data consistency,efficiency analysis

  2. Technological and life cycle assessment of organics processing odour control technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bindra, Navin [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G2W1 (Canada); Dubey, Brajesh, E-mail: bkdubey@civil.iitkgp.ernet.in [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G2W1 (Canada); Environmental Engineering Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302 (India); Dutta, Animesh [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G2W1 (Canada)

    2015-09-15

    As more municipalities and communities across developed world look towards implementing organic waste management programmes or upgrading existing ones, composting facilities are emerging as a popular choice. However, odour from these facilities continues to be one of the most important concerns in terms of cost & effective mitigation. This paper provides a technological and life cycle assessment of some of the different odour control technologies and treatment methods that can be implemented in organics processing facilities. The technological assessment compared biofilters, packed tower wet scrubbers, fine mist wet scrubbers, activated carbon adsorption, thermal oxidization, oxidization chemicals and masking agents. The technologies/treatment methods were evaluated and compared based on a variety of operational, usage and cost parameters. Based on the technological assessment it was found that, biofilters and packed bed wet scrubbers are the most applicable odour control technologies for use in organics processing faculties. A life cycle assessment was then done to compare the environmental impacts of the packed-bed wet scrubber system, organic (wood-chip media) bio-filter and inorganic (synthetic media) bio-filter systems. Twelve impact categories were assessed; cumulative energy demand (CED), climate change, human toxicity, photochemical oxidant formation, metal depletion, fossil depletion, terrestrial acidification, freshwater eutrophication, marine eutrophication, terrestrial eco-toxicity, freshwater eco-toxicity and marine eco-toxicity. The results showed that for all impact categories the synthetic media biofilter had the highest environmental impact, followed by the wood chip media bio-filter system. The packed-bed system had the lowest environmental impact for all categories. - Highlights: • Assessment of odour control technologies for organics processing facilities. • Comparative life cycle assessment of three odour control technologies was conducted

  3. Current Uses of M&S Covering Support to Operations, Human Behaviour Representation, Irregular Warfare, Defence against Terrorism and Coalition Tactical Force Integration (Utilisation actuelle M&S couvrant le soutien aux operations, la representation du comportement humain, la guerre asymetrique, la defense contre le terrorisme et l’integration d’une force tactique de coalition). Proceedings of the NATO RTO Modelling and Simulation Group Symposium held in Brussels, Belgium on 15 and 16 October 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...provide advice to NATO and national decision makers. The RTO performs its mission with the support of an extensive network of national experts. It also...NMSG. Cette année un mélange homogène de participants représentant les trois piliers – gouvernement , industrie et milieu universitaire – a pu être

  4. Technology Innovation Of Organic Waste Decomposition In Providing Feedstuffs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Prawirodigdo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Previous investigations in Indonesia indicated that an inactive ovary was a chronically reproduction problem in ruminants. There was a tendency that nutrition deficiency inhibited ovulation, oestrus occurrence, and conception in ruminants. Obviously, there is a correlation between sufficient nutrient consumption and reproduction performance of such animals. Thus, application of the production/reproduction technology innovation for improving ruminant’s productivity in the villages needs to be supported by the availability of sufficient feed. Whilst, there is a competition among ruminants in fulfilling feed requirement. On the other hand, there are large amounts of organic waste of food and plantation estate industries which are potential for non-traditional feedstuffs. The examples of such organic wastes are: 4,817,630 ton dry matter (DM of cacao pod, 314,042.51 ton DM of coffee pulp and hulls, and 29,700,000 ton DM of palm frond, leaves and trunks. Unfortunately, such materials contain anti-nutritive substance. Nevertheless, technology innovation for decomposing organic waste is available and its validity has been proven to be satisfactory and appropriate. Regarding the limitation of feedstuffs, introduction of technology innovation for organic waste decomposition to provide feed for improving livestock productivity is promising to be applied.

  5. Basic principles of information technology organization in health care institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, J A

    1997-01-01

    This paper focuses on the basic principles of information technology (IT) organization within health sciences centers. The paper considers the placement of the leader of the IT effort within the health sciences administrative structure and the organization of the IT unit. A case study of the University of Missouri-Columbia Health Sciences Center demonstrates how a role-based organizational model for IT support can be effective for determining the boundary between centralized and decentralized organizations. The conclusions are that the IT leader needs to be positioned with other institutional leaders who are making strategic decisions, and that the internal IT structure needs to be a role-based hybrid of centralized and decentralized units. The IT leader needs to understand the mission of the organization and actively use change-management techniques.

  6. Collective Influence on Information Technology in Virtual Organizations-Emancipatory Management of Technology?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2000-01-01

    This contribution addresses the question of how to create an agency for emancipatory management of technology. Unions are suggested as a collective actor, since steps towards democratization and micro emancipation have few chances if they rely on management practitioners alone. Instead, unions......, shop stewards and employees should acquire and demand elements of emancipatory management of technology on the basis of collective power rather than waiting for managers to change their praxis. The article looks at union activities related to virtual organizations in manufacturing companies...... pursue in becoming a collective actor in the development of ICT and organizations....

  7. Path dependence in technologies and organizations: a concise guide

    OpenAIRE

    Castaldi, C Carolina; Dosi, G; Paraskevopoulou, E

    2011-01-01

    The note on which an entry for the Palgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management will draw offers a beginner's guide to path dependency in technologies and organizations. We address the very meaning of the concept and its centrality in various aspects of economic analysis. We outline the various levels of the ecomic system in which it is observable, its sources, concequences and different formal representations of path dependent processes.

  8. Explaining technological change of wind power in China and the United States: Roles of energy policies, technological learning, and collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Tian

    performance improvement of wind farms. Unlike China, the restructuring of the US electricity market created heterogeneity in transmission network governance across regions. Thus, I add transmission network governance to my learning framework to test the impacts of different transmission network governance models. Using panel data of existing utility-scale wind farms in US during 2001-2012 and spatial models, I find that the performance of a wind project is improved through more collaboration among project participants (learning-by-interacting), and this improvement is even greater if the wind project is interconnected to a regional transmission network coordinated by an independent system operator or a regional transmission organization (ISO/RTO). In the third essay, I further explore how different transmission network governance models affect wind power integration through a comparative case study. I compare two regional transmission networks, which represent two major transmission network governance models in the US: the ISO/RTO-governance model and the non-RTO model. Using archival data and interviews with key network participants, I find that a centralized transmission network coordinated through an ISO/RTO is more effective in integrating wind power because it allows resource pooling and optimal allocating of the resources by the central network administrative agency (NAO). The case study also suggests an alternative path to improved network effectiveness for a less cohesive network, which is through more frequent resource exchange among subgroups within a large network. On top of that, this essay contributes to the network governance literature by providing empirical evidence on the coexistence of hierarchy, market, and collaboration in complex service delivery networks. These coordinating mechanisms complement each other to provide system flexibility and stability, particularly when the network operates in a turbulent environment with changes and uncertainties.

  9. New Electronic Technology Applied in Flexible Organic Optical System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre F. S. Guedes

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis and application of new organic materials, nanostructured, for developing technology based on organic devices, have been the main focus of the scientific community. In recent years, the first polymeric electronics products have entered the market (organic semiconductor materials and there are some electrochromic devices among them that have been called smart windows, once they control the passage of light or heat through a closed environment as an ordinary window. The main functional aspect of electrochromic devices, when being used in architectural and automotive industry, is to control the passage of light and temperature with thermal and visual comfort. These devices can be flexible and very thin, not containing heavy metals, and formed by layers of organic material deposited in several architectures. In this study, the electro-deposition of organic materials in the Polyaniline, PANI case, which provide stability in optical and electrical parameters, was utilized with the means of developing prototypes of organic electrochromic devices. These materials were characterized by: ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy absorption (UV-Vis, measurement of thickness (MT and electrical measurements (EM. This study aims to establish the relationship between the thickness of the active layer and the value of the electrical resistivity of the layer deposited through an electro-deposition technique. The experimental results enabled the equating of the electrical resistivity related to the thickness of the deposited layer. The linear fit of these results has expressed the thickness of the conducting layer, α, and the lowest value of the electrical resistivity, β, associated with the gap between the valence band and the conduction band. Thus, the results have demonstrated that, when the layer of organic material is completely conductive, we may obtain the thickness of the organic material deposited on the substrate.

  10. Technological and life cycle assessment of organics processing odour control technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bindra, Navin; Dubey, Brajesh; Dutta, Animesh

    2015-09-15

    As more municipalities and communities across developed world look towards implementing organic waste management programmes or upgrading existing ones, composting facilities are emerging as a popular choice. However, odour from these facilities continues to be one of the most important concerns in terms of cost & effective mitigation. This paper provides a technological and life cycle assessment of some of the different odour control technologies and treatment methods that can be implemented in organics processing facilities. The technological assessment compared biofilters, packed tower wet scrubbers, fine mist wet scrubbers, activated carbon adsorption, thermal oxidization, oxidization chemicals and masking agents. The technologies/treatment methods were evaluated and compared based on a variety of operational, usage and cost parameters. Based on the technological assessment it was found that, biofilters and packed bed wet scrubbers are the most applicable odour control technologies for use in organics processing faculties. A life cycle assessment was then done to compare the environmental impacts of the packed-bed wet scrubber system, organic (wood-chip media) bio-filter and inorganic (synthetic media) bio-filter systems. Twelve impact categories were assessed; cumulative energy demand (CED), climate change, human toxicity, photochemical oxidant formation, metal depletion, fossil depletion, terrestrial acidification, freshwater eutrophication, marine eutrophication, terrestrial eco-toxicity, freshwater eco-toxicity and marine eco-toxicity. The results showed that for all impact categories the synthetic media biofilter had the highest environmental impact, followed by the wood chip media bio-filter system. The packed-bed system had the lowest environmental impact for all categories.

  11. Results-Based Organization Design for Technology Entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris McPhee

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Faced with considerable uncertainty, entrepreneurs would benefit from clearly defined objectives, a plan to achieve these objectives (including a reasonable expectation that this plan will work, as well as a means to measure progress and make requisite course corrections. In this article, the author combines the benefits of results-based management with the benefits of organization design to describe a practical approach that technology entrepreneurs can use to design their organizations so that they deliver desired outcomes. This approach links insights from theory and practice, builds logical connections between entrepreneurial activities and desired outcomes, and measures progress toward those outcomes. This approach also provides a mechanism for entrepreneurs to make continual adjustments and improvements to their design and direction in response to data, customer and stakeholder feedback, and changes in their business environment.

  12. Assessing the performance of health technology assessment organizations: a framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafortune, Louise; Farand, Lambert; Mondou, Isabelle; Sicotte, Claude; Battista, Renaldo

    2008-01-01

    In light of growing demands for public accountability, the broadening scope of health technology assessment organizations (HTAOs) activities and their increasing role in decision-making underscore the importance for them to demonstrate their performance. Based on Parson's social action theory, we propose a conceptual model that includes four functions an organization needs to balance to perform well: (i) goal attainment, (ii) production, (iii) adaptation to the environment, and (iv) culture and values maintenance. From a review of the HTA literature, we identify specific dimensions pertaining to the four functions and show how they relate to performance. We compare our model with evaluations reported in the scientific and gray literature to confirm its capacity to accommodate various evaluation designs, contexts of evaluation, and organizational models and perspectives. Our findings reveal the dimensions of performance most often assessed and other important ones that, hitherto, remain unexplored. The model provides a flexible and theoretically grounded tool to assess the performance of HTAOs.

  13. Personalized development of human organs using 3D printing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radenkovic, Dina; Solouk, Atefeh; Seifalian, Alexander

    2016-02-01

    3D printing is a technique of fabricating physical models from a 3D volumetric digital image. The image is sliced and printed using a specific material into thin layers, and successive layering of the material produces a 3D model. It has already been used for printing surgical models for preoperative planning and in constructing personalized prostheses for patients. The ultimate goal is to achieve the development of functional human organs and tissues, to overcome limitations of organ transplantation created by the lack of organ donors and life-long immunosuppression. We hypothesized a precision medicine approach to human organ fabrication using 3D printed technology, in which the digital volumetric data would be collected by imaging of a patient, i.e. CT or MRI images followed by mathematical modeling to create a digital 3D image. Then a suitable biocompatible material, with an optimal resolution for cells seeding and maintenance of cell viability during the printing process, would be printed with a compatible printer type and finally implanted into the patient. Life-saving operations with 3D printed implants were already performed in patients. However, several issues need to be addressed before translational application of 3D printing into clinical medicine. These are vascularization, innervation, and financial cost of 3D printing and safety of biomaterials used for the construct.

  14. Evolutionarily Cooperative Stable of Science & Technology Alliance Under Self-organized Organization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li-jun

    2009-01-01

    The cooperative evolutionary stability under self-organised organization is discussed in this paper.The differences between the objects studied by cooperative game theory and the ones studied by cooperative game in science & technology alliance are analyzed.The mutant probability of agent's utility under endogenous technical factor condition is analyzed.By clarifying the connotation of Pareto-dominate institution in cooperative game,the efficient and feasible managerial definition of Pareto-dominate Institution in science & technology alliance is presented.The evolutionarily cooperative game for the agent in Pareto-dominate institution is explained.And then the necessary condition of cooperative evolutionary stabilization based on multi-agent utility's dynamic equilibrium is put forward.Finally,the model of alliance's utility's dynamic equilibrium under self-organization is established.

  15. Technological Innovation Management and its Role in Performance of Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura-Diana Radu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to identify the main benefits of technological innovation in organizations and how it should be managed to ensure economic efficiency. The current level of social and economic evolution was possible only through active involvement of individuals and organizations in the innovative process. Adoption of appropriate policies and strategies at institutional, national and international level has significant impact on both the innovation process and innovation results. At company level, involvement in an innovative process depends on the financial and human resources and on the availability and interest of management and employees. The main motivating factor in adoption of technological innovation is, most often, obtaining financial benefits. This reflects itself either as a direct increase in profits, or by obtaining competitive advantage which leads, in the long run, to profits increase and achieving a favorable position on the market. Should not be neglected other motivating factors of innovation, such as compliance with environmental standards, ensuring a secure position on the market with opportunities for further expansion, reducing the cost of raw materials and / or production process, improving company image, attitude and achievements of partners in the field (competitors, suppliers, customers etc. Managers need to carefully analyze these factors and decide the manner and degree of involvement in an innovative process.

  16. INS/GPS Technology Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    of those early programs led to further application in aircraft, ships, missiles, and spacecraft such that inertial systems are now almost standard...equipment in military and civilian navigation applications . Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the...Cost Navigation Sensors and Integration Technology ( Capteurs de navigation a faible cout et technologie d’integration) RTO-EN-SET-116(2010) 14. ABSTRACT

  17. [Groundwater organic pollution source identification technology system research and application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiao-Hong; Wei, Jia-Hua; Cheng, Zhi-Neng; Liu, Pei-Bin; Ji, Yi-Qun; Zhang, Gan

    2013-02-01

    Groundwater organic pollutions are found in large amount of locations, and the pollutions are widely spread once onset; which is hard to identify and control. The key process to control and govern groundwater pollution is how to control the sources of pollution and reduce the danger to groundwater. This paper introduced typical contaminated sites as an example; then carried out the source identification studies and established groundwater organic pollution source identification system, finally applied the system to the identification of typical contaminated sites. First, grasp the basis of the contaminated sites of geological and hydrogeological conditions; determine the contaminated sites characteristics of pollutants as carbon tetrachloride, from the large numbers of groundwater analysis and test data; then find the solute transport model of contaminated sites and compound-specific isotope techniques. At last, through groundwater solute transport model and compound-specific isotope technology, determine the distribution of the typical site of organic sources of pollution and pollution status; invest identified potential sources of pollution and sample the soil to analysis. It turns out that the results of two identified historical pollution sources and pollutant concentration distribution are reliable. The results provided the basis for treatment of groundwater pollution.

  18. New Optoelectronic Technology Simplified for Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre F. S. Guedes

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED, using an optically transparent substrate material and organic semiconductor materials, has been widely utilized by the electronic industry when producing new technological products. The OLED are the base Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, PEDOT, and Polyaniline, PANI, were deposited in Indium Tin Oxide, ITO, and characterized by UV-Visible Spectroscopy (UV-Vis, Optical Parameters (OP and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM. In addition, the thin film obtained by the deposition of PANI, prepared in perchloric acid solution, was identified through PANI-X1. The result obtained by UV-Vis has demonstrated that the Quartz/ITO/PEDOT/PANI-X1 layer does not have displacement of absorption for wavelengths greaters after spin-coating and electrodeposition. Thus, the spectral irradiance of the OLED informed the irradiance of 100 W/m2, and this result, compared with the standard Light Emitting Diode (LED, has indicated that the OLED has higher irradiance. After 1000 hours of electrical OLED tests, the appearance of nanoparticles visible for images by SEM, to the migration process of organic semiconductor materials, was present, then. Still, similar to the phenomenon of electromigration observed in connections and interconnections of microelectronic devices, the results have revealed a new mechanism of migration, which raises the passage of electric current in OLED.

  19. Organ-on-a-Chip Technology for Reproducing Multiorgan Physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seung Hwan; Sung, Jong Hwan

    2017-09-25

    In the drug development process, the accurate prediction of drug efficacy and toxicity is important in order to reduce the cost, labor, and effort involved. For this purpose, conventional 2D cell culture models are used in the early phase of drug development. However, the differences between the in vitro and the in vivo systems have caused the failure of drugs in the later phase of the drug-development process. Therefore, there is a need for a novel in vitro model system that can provide accurate information for evaluating the drug efficacy and toxicity through a closer recapitulation of the in vivo system. Recently, the idea of using microtechnology for mimicking the microscale tissue environment has become widespread, leading to the development of "organ-on-a-chip." Furthermore, the system is further developed for realizing a multiorgan model for mimicking interactions between multiple organs. These advancements are still ongoing and are aimed at ultimately developing "body-on-a-chip" or "human-on-a-chip" devices for predicting the response of the whole body. This review summarizes recently developed organ-on-a-chip technologies, and their applications for reproducing multiorgan functions. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. RTO-TR-26

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Computational Unsteady Aerodynamics computer codes are being increasingly used. In order to validate their results they must be tested against valid experimental...

  1. RTO Highlights 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    age 6. They love exploring, camping, canoeing and sports. Mr Peebles’ two great passions are music and books. Schubert, R. Strauss, Haydn and Bach...citerai notamment Neil Amstrong). Du fond du cœur, je remercie tous ceux et toutes celles avec qui j’ai eu la chance de travailler , qui m’ont supportée... travaille trop. Alors elle a décidé d’avoir des idées Des idées d’lagune Des idées d’Lido Des idées d’fortune Et de clairs de lune Et les pieds dans l’eau

  2. RTO Highlights 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-12-01

    viewed from behind the display - it has not been printed back to front) manual controls and switches, particularly those mounted built-in flexibility...Ontario KiA 0K2 Centro documentazione Milli Savunma Baýkanligi (MSB) CZECH REPUBLIC tecnico -scientifica della Difesa ARGE Dairesi Ba~kanligi (MSB

  3. Information technology strategy and alignment issues in health care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iveroth, Einar; Fryk, Pontus; Rapp, Birger

    2013-01-01

    Information technology (IT) plays a key role in public health care management because it could improve quality, efficiency, and patient care. Researchers and practitioners repeatedly contend that a health care organization's information systems strategy should be aligned with its objectives and strategies, a notion commonly known as IT alignment. Actor-related IT alignment issues in health care institutions were explored in this study. More specifically, it explores the possibility of moving beyond the current IT alignment perspective and, in so doing, explores whether IT alignment-as currently conceptualized in the dominant body of research-is sufficient for attaining improved quality, efficiency, and patient care in health care organizations. The findings are based on a qualitative and longitudinal study of six health care organizations in the Stockholm metropolitan area. The empirical data were gathered over the 2005-2011 period from interviews, a focus group, observations, and archival material. The data suggest recurrent misalignments between IT strategy and organizational strategy and operations due to the failure to deconstruct the IT artifact and to the existence of various levels of IT maturity. A more complex picture of IT alignment in health care that goes beyond the current perspective is being offered by this study. It argues that the previously common way of handling IT as a single artifact and applying one IT strategy to the entire organizational system is obsolete. MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The article suggests that considerable benefits can be gained by assessing IT maturity and its impact on IT alignment. The article also shows that there are different kinds of IT in medical care that requires diverse decisions, investments, prioritizations, and implementation approaches.

  4. [Organization and technology in the grocery store sector].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambetti, Edy

    2014-01-01

    In Italy, grocery stores develop an annual turnover of 92 billion of , (data referred to 2013) and have 28.232 stores spread over a commercial area of 17.224.000 m2. The business involved are 252, linked with 30 important distribution leader companies. The total workforce is about 280.000 people. The grocery stores structure is composed by suppliers and producers warehouses and different kinds of stores (hypermarkets, supermarkets, shops and discounts). In the stores, the technological progress concerns fundamentally back-office operations; the improvement of information and computer science is the main renewal source. Other tasks as receiving goods and stocking shelves are still executed without specific inovations. In terms of organization, we observed a strong increase of part-time workers, the development of atypical contract and thie inclination to contract the easiest jobs (for example, stocking shelves). Also the warehouses often use to sub-contract the picking tasks. The increase of on-line shopping, also concerning the groceries, represents the most relevant evolution in tire near future.

  5. 75 FR 26225 - Frequency Regulation Compensation in the Organized Wholesale Power Markets; Notice of Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Frequency Regulation Compensation in the Organized Wholesale Power Markets... conference to elicit input on issues pertaining to Frequency Regulation Compensation in the ISO/RTO Markets.../registration/markets-05-26-speaker-form.asp . Due to time constraints, we may not be able to accommodate all...

  6. Predicting Cloud Computing Technology Adoption by Organizations: An Empirical Integration of Technology Acceptance Model and Theory of Planned Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekufu, ThankGod K.

    2012-01-01

    Organizations are finding it difficult in today's economy to implement the vast information technology infrastructure required to effectively conduct their business operations. Despite the fact that some of these organizations are leveraging on the computational powers and the cost-saving benefits of computing on the Internet cloud, others…

  7. Academic Technology in Higher Education: Organizing for Better Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nworie, John

    2007-01-01

    The field of instructional technology has continued to evolve since its inception in the early 1900s. Academic technology units in higher education have witnessed tremendous change in the last one and a half decades. The changes have led to reorganizations, realignments, adoption of innovative administrative structures, increased demands for…

  8. Technology or Process First? A Call for Mediation Between ESM and BPM Approaches in Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siurdyban, Artur; Svejvig, Per; Møller, Charles

    2011-01-01

    between them using strategic alignment, Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management theories. We argue that the insights from these cases can lead to a better alignment between process and technology. Implications for practice include the direction towards a closer integration of process...... and technology factors in organizations. Theoretical implications call for a design-oriented view of technology and process alignment....

  9. Organizing the Technology Leadership Function for Universities in the 21st Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Ray L.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how the organization of leadership in the technology area will greatly affect universities' ability to strategically leverage digital tools to have a positive impact on the institution. Offers lessons learned about technology implementation and leadership from years of consulting work, then presents a model of technology leadership…

  10. Evaluating Outsourcing Information Technology and Assurance Expertise by Small Non-Profit Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guinn, Fillmore

    2013-01-01

    Small non-profit organizations outsource at least one information technology or information assurance process. Outsourcing information technology and information assurance processes has increased every year. The study was to determine the key reasons behind the choice to outsource information technology and information assurance processes. Using…

  11. Evaluating Outsourcing Information Technology and Assurance Expertise by Small Non-Profit Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guinn, Fillmore

    2013-01-01

    Small non-profit organizations outsource at least one information technology or information assurance process. Outsourcing information technology and information assurance processes has increased every year. The study was to determine the key reasons behind the choice to outsource information technology and information assurance processes. Using…

  12. Review of Military Mountain Medicine Technology and Research Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    montagne et les freins à la recherche) Final Report of Task Group HFM-146. Published September 2011 Distribution and Availability...sur les technologies associées à la médecine militaire de montagne et les freins à la recherche) Final Report of Task Group HFM-146...impairments. ES - 2 RTO-TR-HFM-146 Point sur les technologies associées à la médecine militaire de montagne et les freins à la recherche

  13. Textile Technologies and Tissue Engineering: A Path Toward Organ Weaving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbari, Mohsen; Tamayol, Ali; Bagherifard, Sara; Serex, Ludovic; Mostafalu, Pooria; Faramarzi, Negar; Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein; Khademhosseini, Ali

    2016-04-06

    Textile technologies have recently attracted great attention as potential biofabrication tools for engineering tissue constructs. Using current textile technologies, fibrous structures can be designed and engineered to attain the required properties that are demanded by different tissue engineering applications. Several key parameters such as physiochemical characteristics of fibers, microarchitecture, and mechanical properties of the fabrics play important roles in the effective use of textile technologies in tissue engineering. This review summarizes the current advances in the manufacturing of biofunctional fibers. Different textile methods such as knitting, weaving, and braiding are discussed and their current applications in tissue engineering are highlighted.

  14. Low-Cost Navigation Sensors and Integration Technology (Les capteurs de navigation a bas cout et la technologie d’integration)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Fibres Optiques et des capteurs MEMS. Le troisième document fournit une vue d’ensemble des principaux éléments de calcul associés aux centrales...EDUCATIONAL NOTES EN-SET-116(2009) Low-Cost Navigation Sensors and Integration Technology (Les capteurs de navigation à bas coût et la technologie...biologically inspired navigation. ES - 2 RTO-EN-SET-116(2009) Les capteurs de navigation à bas coût et la technologie d’intégration (RTO

  15. The Influence of Social Networking Technology in an Engineering Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tepaske, Derrick Marcus

    2013-01-01

    Computer facilitated Social Networking (SN) is becoming more prevalent in our society, both in our personal and professional lives. As its use grows, there is a desire to determine how it will impact an organization. If it can positively impact an organization then it is an initiative that could be embraced and leveraged for any number of business…

  16. Principles and application of transgenic technology in marine organisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marine organisms into which a foreign gene or noncoding DNA fragment is artificially introduced and stably integrated in their genomes are termed transgenic marine organisms. Since the first report in 1985, a wide range of transgenic fish and marine bivalve mollusks have been produced by microinjec...

  17. The Influence of Social Networking Technology in an Engineering Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tepaske, Derrick Marcus

    2013-01-01

    Computer facilitated Social Networking (SN) is becoming more prevalent in our society, both in our personal and professional lives. As its use grows, there is a desire to determine how it will impact an organization. If it can positively impact an organization then it is an initiative that could be embraced and leveraged for any number of business…

  18. Advanced Authoring Technologies, Capabilities and Opportunities (Technologies avancees d’authoring, possibilites et opportunites)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    AUTHORING 6 - 10 RTO-TR-HFM-129 others to update the “Ambush simulation game” used to train drivers in theatre . This update was also instantly...National Armaments Directorate Romanian National Distribution Royal Military Academy – Campus Renaissance 5th Department – Technological Centre...Royal Military Academy – Campus Renaissance H-1885 Budapest 9-11, Drumul Taberei Street Renaissancelaan 30 Sector 6, 061353, Bucharest 1000 Brussels

  19. Do Accounting Students Have Realistic Expectations of Information Technology Usage in Nonprofit Organizations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foust, Karen M.; Kleen, Betty A.; Shell, L. Wayne

    Not-for-profit organizations employ 11% of all U.S. workers; these organizations are often the recipients of hand-me-down hardware and software. This study investigates accounting students expectations of the information technology available to and used by not-for-profit organizations. In this descriptive study, based on two different surveys,…

  20. Organization of career-oriented educational environment for future teachers of technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana Nikonova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors view the various directions of work of the chair of technology and methods of teaching technology of Perm State Social and Pedagogic University, aimed at creating professionalized environment for future teachers of technology. The work includes network communication in the process of study disciplines, quasiprofessional activities, organization of creative and research work of students, methodical maintenance of technological education in the region

  1. The Uneven Diffusion of Collaborative Technology in a Large Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarulaitis, Gasparas

    This paper investigates the large-scale diffusion of a collaborative technology in a range of different business contexts. The empirical data used in the article were obtained from a longitudinal (2007-2009) case study of a global oil and gas company (OGC). Our study reports on ongoing efforts to deploy an inte grated collaborative system that uses Microsoft SharePoint (MSP) technology. We assess MSP as a configurational technology and analyze the diffusion of a metadata standard developed in-house, which forms an embedded component of MSP. We focus on two different organizational contexts, namely research and development (R&D) and oil and gas production (OGP), and illustrate the key differences between the ways in which configurational technology is managed and used in these contexts, which results in an uneven diffusion. In contrast with previous studies, we unravel the organizational and technological complexity involved, and thus empirically illustrate the flexibility of large-scale technology and show how the trajectories of the various components are influenced by multiple modes of ordering.

  2. CONDITIONS AND ORGANIZATION OF THE TRANSITION TO BASIC TECHNOLOGIES OF A NEW TECHNOLOGICAL STRUCTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. L. Bourov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available With due account for the coming new (VI-th world technological structure, future creation of new types of industrial production is both possible and necessary. Economic environment conditions favorable for such development are designated. In reference to Russian technological environment particulars, self-developing economic-technological microenvironment of a new quality level should be created in zones where controlled «technological chains» function. Possibilities of creation of the VI-th technological structure level basic technologies are shown for industrial and household waste processing techniques as an example.

  3. The Economics of New Health Technologies Incentives, Organization, and Financing

    CERN Document Server

    Costa-Font, Joan; McGuire, Alistair

    2009-01-01

    Technological change in healthcare has led to huge improvements in health services and the health status of populations. It is also pinpointed as the main driver of healthcare expenditure. Although offering remarkable benefits, changes in technology are not free and often entail significant financial, as well as physical or social risks. These need to be balanced out in the setting of government regulations, insurance contracts, and individuals' decisions to use and consume certaintechnologies. With this in mind, this book addresses the following important objectives: to provide a detailed ana

  4. Organic wastes treatment technologies; Tecnologias para el tratamiento de los residuos organicos y su adecuacion tecnica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mata-Alvarez, J. [Universidad de Barcelona (Spain)

    2001-07-01

    In this paper the management of several types of organic wastes (organic fraction of municipal solid waste; agroindustrial residues: sewage sludges from domestic wastewater treatment plants; livestock farming wastes) with different technologies will be considered on the basis of its yields and possibilities of application. Combinations of technologies and co-treatment of wastes which offers a number of advantages will be also examined. After the examination of each technology and their possibilities, it is concluded that anaerobic digestion offers the more ecological approach and it is recommended its use, either alone or in combination with other concomitant technologies. (Author) 12 refs.

  5. Supporting the Use of Technology in Organizations over Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skattebo, Amie L.

    2009-01-01

    In the current research, I introduce a multidimensional construct, system support climate (SSC), and predict that different dimensions of this construct are more or less influential across different stages of the lifespan of a technology in the workplace. Specifically, I seek to address the following: (1) What are the dimensions of SSC that are…

  6. Analysis of the Science and Technology Narrative within Organ Donation and Transplantation Coverage in Canadian Newspapers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Cheung

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Organ failure is one cause of death. Advancements in scientific research and technological development made organ transplantation possible and continue to find better ways to substitute failed organs with other organs of biological origin or artificial organs. Media, including newspapers, are one source of information for the public. The purpose of this study was to examine to what extent and how science and technology research and development are covered in the organ transplantation and organ donation (ODOT coverage of n = 300 Canadian newspapers, including the two Canadian newspapers with national reach (The Globe and Mail, National Post. The study generated qualitative and quantitative data addressing the following issues: (1 which scientific and technological developments are mentioned in the ODOT coverage; and (2 what issues are mentioned in the coverage of scientific and technological advancements linked to ODOT. We found little to no coverage of many technological and scientific advancements evident in academic and grey literature covering ODOT, and we found little engagement with social and ethical issues already raised about these advancements in the literature. The only area we found to be covered to a broader extent was xenotransplantation, although the coverage stopped after 2002. We argue that the newspaper coverage of ODOT under reports scientific and technological advancements related to ODOT and the issues these advancements might raise.

  7. Organic Bioelectronics: Bridging the Signaling Gap between Biology and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Daniel T; Gabrielsson, Erik O; Tybrandt, Klas; Berggren, Magnus

    2016-11-09

    The electronics surrounding us in our daily lives rely almost exclusively on electrons as the dominant charge carrier. In stark contrast, biological systems rarely use electrons but rather use ions and molecules of varying size. Due to the unique combination of both electronic and ionic/molecular conductivity in conducting and semiconducting organic polymers and small molecules, these materials have emerged in recent decades as excellent tools for translating signals between these two realms and, therefore, providing a means to effectively interface biology with conventional electronics-thus, the field of organic bioelectronics. Today, organic bioelectronics defines a generic platform with unprecedented biological recording and regulation tools and is maturing toward applications ranging from life sciences to the clinic. In this Review, we introduce the field, from its early breakthroughs to its current results and future challenges.

  8. Enterprise Social Media: Definition, History, and Prospects for the Study of Social Technologies in Organizations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Leonardi, Paul M; Huysman, Marleen; Steinfield, Charles

    2013-01-01

    ... and perpetuate organizations. We begin by offering a definition of enterprise social media and providing a rough historical account of the various avenues through which these technologies have entered and continue to enter the workplace...

  9. From Vision to Actuality: Translating the Organizing Vision of Mobile Technology in Home Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tina Blegind; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    as individual organizations reformulated and interpreted the technology during the process of adoption. Drawing on neo-institutional theory by using the concept of “the organizing vision” in combination with the notion of “translation,” this study offers a multilevel view on the processes of realizing...... the organizing vision for mobile technology in practice. Our findings show that an integration of the translation perspective not only furthers our understanding of the malleability of the organizing vision but also shows how actions at multiple levels interact to enable technology adoption and eventually...... institutionalization. Our study contributes to the increasing research on diffusion and adoption of mobile technologies within healthcare by challenging dominant single level analysis and factor-orientated approaches....

  10. Business Agility and Information Technology in Service Organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.P.A. van Oosterhout (Marcel)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractService organizations have to deal with highly uncertain events, both in the internal and external environment. In the academic literature and in practice there is not much knowledge about how to deal with this uncertainty. This PhD dissertation investigates the role and impact of inform

  11. Information Technology and the Organization Chart of Public Administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zouridis, S.; Snellen, I.Th.M.; van de Donk, W.B.H.J.

    1998-01-01

    To a certain extent the organization chart of public administration is inspired by the doctrines which are offered by public administration science. Some of these doctrines relate to policy implementation and the design of implementing agencies. In this chapter three of these main doctrines are disc

  12. Information Technology and the Organization Chart of Public Administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zouridis, S.; Snellen, I.Th.M.; van de Donk, W.B.H.J.

    1998-01-01

    To a certain extent the organization chart of public administration is inspired by the doctrines which are offered by public administration science. Some of these doctrines relate to policy implementation and the design of implementing agencies. In this chapter three of these main doctrines are

  13. Burtnieku novada nekroģeogrāfija. Atvērto kapsētu veidošanas prakse

    OpenAIRE

    Seļicka, Anita

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darba „Burtnieku novada nekroģeogrāfija. Atvērto kapsētu veidošanas prakse” mērķis ir izvērtēt Burtnieku novada aktīvo kapsētu veidošanas praksi nekroģeogrāfijas koncepciju un pieeju kontekstā. Pētījuma teorētiskajā daļā tiek apskatīts nekroģeogrāfijas koncepts, dažādās kapsētas jēdziena uztveres un duālismi tajā. Darbā analizēti piecu Burtnieku novada kapsētu telpiskie elementi, to struktūras veidošanās, tiesiskais regulējums, iesaistīto personu un apkārtējās teritorijas konteksts k...

  14. Impact of Enterprise Resource Planning on Organizational Productivity in an Information Technology Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, Manoj

    2010-01-01

    Negative consequences follow when an expensive technological implementation fails to accomplish expected benefits and results instead in interrupted business, lost revenues, and dissatisfied and demoralized users. The problem researched in this study was how an organization should introduce advanced technology to system users to optimize…

  15. Unipolar organic transistor circuits made robust by dual-gate technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Myny, K.; Beenhakkers, M.J.; Aerle, N.A.J.M. van; Gelinck, G.H.; Genoe, J.; Dehaene, W.; Heremans, P.

    2011-01-01

    Dual-gate organic transistor technology is used to increase the robustness of digital circuits as illustrated by higher inverter gains and noise margins. The additional gate in the technology functions as a VT-control gate. Both zero-VGS-load and diode-load logic are investigated. The noise margin o

  16. Impact of Enterprise Resource Planning on Organizational Productivity in an Information Technology Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, Manoj

    2010-01-01

    Negative consequences follow when an expensive technological implementation fails to accomplish expected benefits and results instead in interrupted business, lost revenues, and dissatisfied and demoralized users. The problem researched in this study was how an organization should introduce advanced technology to system users to optimize…

  17. Organic transistors manufactured using inkjet technology with subfemtoliter accuracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekitani, Tsuyoshi; Noguchi, Yoshiaki; Zschieschang, Ute; Klauk, Hagen; Someya, Takao

    2008-04-01

    A major obstacle to the development of organic transistors for large-area sensor, display, and circuit applications is the fundamental compromise between manufacturing efficiency, transistor performance, and power consumption. In the past, improving the manufacturing efficiency through the use of printing techniques has inevitably resulted in significantly lower performance and increased power consumption, while attempts to improve performance or reduce power have led to higher process temperatures and increased manufacturing cost. Here, we lift this fundamental limitation by demonstrating subfemtoliter inkjet printing to define metal contacts with single-micrometer resolution on the surface of high-mobility organic semiconductors to create high-performance p-channel and n-channel transistors and low-power complementary circuits. The transistors employ an ultrathin low-temperature gate dielectric based on a self-assembled monolayer that allows transistors and circuits on rigid and flexible substrates to operate with very low voltages.

  18. Information Technology in project-organized electronic and computer technology engineering education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten Mølgaard; Nielsen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the integration of IT in the education of electronic and computer technology engineers at Institute of Electronic Systems, Aalborg Uni-versity, Denmark. At the Institute Information Technology is an important tool in the aspects of the education as well as for communication...

  19. Technology for safe treatment of radioisotope organic wastes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Won Jin; Park, Chong Mook; Choi, W. K.; Lee, K. W.; Moon, J. K.; Yang, H. Y.; Kim, B. T.; Park, S. C

    1999-12-01

    An examination of chemical and radiological characteristics of RI organic liquid waste, wet oxidation by Fenton reaction and decomposition liquid waste treatment process were studied. These items will be applied to develop the equipment of wet oxidation and decomposition liquid waste treatment mixed processes for the safe treatment of RI organic liquid waste which is consisted of organic solvents such as toluene, alcohol and acetone. Two types of toluene solutions were selected as a candidate decomposition material. As for the first type, the concentration of toluene was above 20 vol percent. As for the second type, the solubility of toluene was considered. The decomposition ration by Fenton reaction was above 95 percent for both of them. From the adsorption equilibrium tests, a -Na{sup +} substituted/acid treated activated carbon and Zeocarbon mixed adsorbent was selected for the fixed adsorption column. This mixed adsorbent will be used to obtain the basic design data of liquid waste purification equipment for the treatment of decomposition liquid waste arising from the wet oxidation process. Solidification and degree of strength tests were performed with the simulated sludge/spent adsorbent of MgO as an oxide type and KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4}. From the test results, the design and fabrication of wet oxidation and liquid waste purification process equipment was made, and a performance test was carried out. (author)

  20. Scenarios to explore the futures of the emerging technology of organic and large area electronics

    OpenAIRE

    Parandian, Alireza; Rip, Arie

    2013-01-01

    Emerging technologies pose challenges for futures research because of their uncertainties combined with promises. Actors are anticipating and acting strategically. Sociotechnical scenarios building on endogenous futures support and enlighten actors. Such scenarios contribute to “strategic intelligence” about the technologies and their embedding in society. Organic and large area electronics promise to substitute silicon-based technologies, but firms and potential users are reluctant to invest...

  1. Recent progress on thin-film encapsulation technologies for organic electronic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Duan; Yang, Yong-Qiang; Chen, Zheng; Tao, Ye; Liu, Yun-Fei

    2016-03-01

    Among the advanced electronic devices, flexible organic electronic devices with rapid development are the most promising technologies to customers and industries. Organic thin films accommodate low-cost fabrication and can exploit diverse molecules in inexpensive plastic light emitting diodes, plastic solar cells, and even plastic lasers. These properties may ultimately enable organic materials for practical applications in industry. However, the stability of organic electronic devices still remains a big challenge, because of the difficulty in fabricating commercial products with flexibility. These organic materials can be protected using substrates and barriers such as glass and metal; however, this results in a rigid device and does not satisfy the applications demanding flexible devices. Plastic substrates and transparent flexible encapsulation barriers are other possible alternatives; however, these offer little protection to oxygen and water, thus rapidly degrading the devices. Thin-film encapsulation (TFE) technology is most effective in preventing water vapor and oxygen permeation into the flexible devices. Because of these (and other) reasons, there has been an intense interest in developing transparent barrier materials with much lower permeabilities, and their market is expected to reach over 550 million by 2025. In this study, the degradation mechanism of organic electronic devices is reviewed. To increase the stability of devices in air, several TFE technologies were applied to provide efficient barrier performance. In this review, the degradation mechanism of organic electronic devices, permeation rate measurement, traditional encapsulation technologies, and TFE technologies are presented.

  2. Technological Innovation, R & D Activities and Innovation System Between Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Pedro Fabris

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This theoretical paper aimed to explicit, through the rescue of theoretical assumptions, the innovation, the innovation system, and the research and development (R & D activities. The innovation, especially technological innovation, is now seen as essential in differentiation strategies, competitiveness and growth in a greater number of businesses. Innovation is not only the result of financial investments by companies. For it to exist, it is necessary the existence of innovative capacity that should be present at all stages of the innovation process, and a favorable institutional environment and, increasingly, of specific incentive policies. That is, there are internal and external factors to companies and other institutions involved in the process. Innovation systems were discovered to resolve the variations in the degree of competitiveness of different economies and, above all, in relation to the technological performance and the ability to innovate these economies face the growing importance of international markets for high-tech products. Thus, it was found that successful innovators are not successful just because of their personal qualities and actions but as a result of their interaction with research and innovation systems that inhabit the quality of such systems.

  3. Sensible organizations: technology and methodology for automatically measuring organizational behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olguin Olguin, Daniel; Waber, Benjamin N; Kim, Taemie; Mohan, Akshay; Ara, Koji; Pentland, Alex

    2009-02-01

    We present the design, implementation, and deployment of a wearable computing platform for measuring and analyzing human behavior in organizational settings. We propose the use of wearable electronic badges capable of automatically measuring the amount of face-to-face interaction, conversational time, physical proximity to other people, and physical activity levels in order to capture individual and collective patterns of behavior. Our goal is to be able to understand how patterns of behavior shape individuals and organizations. By using on-body sensors in large groups of people for extended periods of time in naturalistic settings, we have been able to identify, measure, and quantify social interactions, group behavior, and organizational dynamics. We deployed this wearable computing platform in a group of 22 employees working in a real organization over a period of one month. Using these automatic measurements, we were able to predict employees' self-assessments of job satisfaction and their own perceptions of group interaction quality by combining data collected with our platform and e-mail communication data. In particular, the total amount of communication was predictive of both of these assessments, and betweenness in the social network exhibited a high negative correlation with group interaction satisfaction. We also found that physical proximity and e-mail exchange had a negative correlation of r = -0.55 (p 0.01), which has far-reaching implications for past and future research on social networks.

  4. Sunlight technologies for photochemical deactivation of organic pollutants in water

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acher, A.; Fischer, E.; Tornheim, R. [The Volcani Center, Inst. of Soils and Water, Bet Dagan (Israel); Manor, Y. [Sheba Medical Center, Central Virology Lab., Ramat Gan (Israel)

    1997-12-31

    Sensitized-photochemical oxidation methods aimed at use in water treatment technologies for deactivation of biotic (microorganisms) and/or of xenobiotic (pesticides) pollutants in water were developed using global solar radiation or concentrated sunlight (up to 250 suns). The solar global radiation was used either for detoxification of industrial waste water from a pesticide factory to allow their discharge into the urban sewer, or for disinfection of domestric effluents to be used in crop irrigation. The disinfection process was eventually carried out in an experimental pilot-scale plant, capable of disinfection up to 50 m{sup 3}/h of effluent supplied by an activated sludge sewage treatment plant located in Tel-Aviv area. The treated effluents did not show any regrowth of the microorganisms during 7 days. The solar concentrated radiation experiments performed using facilities of the Sun Tower of The Weizman Institute of Science, Rehovot. The concentrated sunlight was provided by different combination of several computer controlled heliostates, up to 8, that track the sun and focus the received sunlight onto the target situated on the roof of the sun-tower. The sunlight intensities measured on the target reached up to 200 kW/m{sup 2}. The experiments were performed either batch- or continuous-wise. The water-samples exposed to disinfection were the above effluent, filtered and supplemented with vaccine strain poliovirus or with different concentrations of an industrial potential pollutant (bromacil), MB 2 mg/L and two concentrations of dissolved oxygen (8.0 or 40.0 mg O{sub 2}/L). An exposure time of 2-3 seconds at 150 kW/m{sup 2} was decreased the microorganisms alive (counts) by five orders of magnitude. A comparison between the two above water treatment technologies is presented. (orig./SR)

  5. Decomposition Technology Development of Organic Component in a Decontamination Waste Solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Chong Hun; Oh, W. Z.; Won, H. J.; Choi, W. K.; Kim, G. N.; Moon, J. K

    2007-11-15

    Through the project of 'Decomposition Technology Development of Organic Component in a Decontamination Waste Solution', the followings were studied. 1. Investigation of decontamination characteristics of chemical decontamination process 2. Analysis of COD, ferrous ion concentration, hydrogen peroxide concentration 3. Decomposition tests of hardly decomposable organic compounds 4. Improvement of organic acid decomposition process by ultrasonic wave and UV light 5. Optimization of decomposition process using a surrogate decontamination waste solution.

  6. Information Technology Strategies for Honor Society and Organization Membership Retention in Online Nursing Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Emily E; Wasco, Jennifer J

    Membership retention in an honor society or organization is of utmost importance for sustainability. However, retaining members in organizations that serve online education nursing students can be a challenging task. Understanding the importance of creating a sense of community to promote retention within an honor society chapter, nursing faculty at a small private university implemented different online approaches. This article highlights successful information technology strategies to promote membership retention in organizations for online nursing students.

  7. DECONTAMINATION/DESTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION FOR ORGANICS IN TRANSURANIC WASTE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chris Jones; Javier Del Campo; Patrick Nevins; Stuart Legg

    2002-08-01

    The United States Department of Energy's Savannah River Site has approximately 5000 55-gallon drums of {sup 238}Pu contaminated waste in interim storage. These may not be shipped to WIPP in TRUPACT-II containers due to the high rate of hydrogen production resulting from the radiolysis of the organic content of the drums. In order to circumvent this problem, the {sup 238}Pu needs to be separated from the organics--either by mineralization of the latter or by decontamination by a chemical separation. We have conducted ''cold'' optimization trials and surrogate tests in which a combination of a mediated electrochemical oxidation process (SILVER II{trademark}) and ultrasonic mixing have been used to decontaminate the surrogate waste materials. The surrogate wastes were impregnated with copper oxalate for plutonium dioxide. Our process combines both mineralization of reactive components (such cellulose, rubber, and oil) and surface decontamination of less reactive materials such as polyethylene, polystyrene and polyvinylchloride. By using this combination of SILVER II and ultrasonic mixing, we have achieved 100% current efficiency for the destruction of the reactive components. We have demonstrated that: The degree of decontamination achieved would be adequate to meet both WIPP waste acceptance criteria and TRUPACT II packaging and shipping requirements; The system can maintain near absolute containment of the surrogate radionuclides; Only minimal pre-treatment (coarse shredding) and minimal waste sorting are required; The system requires minimal off gas control processes and monitoring instrumentation; The laboratory trials have developed information that can be used for scale-up purposes; The process does not produce dioxins and furans; Disposal routes for secondary process arisings have already been demonstrated in other programs. Based on the results from Phase 1, the recommendation is to proceed to Phase 2 and use the equipment at Savannah

  8. DECONTAMINATION/DESTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION FOR ORGANICS IN TRANSURANIC WASTE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chris Jones; Javier Del Campo; Patrick Nevins; Stuart Legg

    2002-08-01

    The United States Department of Energy's Savannah River Site has approximately 5000 55-gallon drums of {sup 238}Pu contaminated waste in interim storage. These may not be shipped to WIPP in TRUPACT-II containers due to the high rate of hydrogen production resulting from the radiolysis of the organic content of the drums. In order to circumvent this problem, the {sup 238}Pu needs to be separated from the organics--either by mineralization of the latter or by decontamination by a chemical separation. We have conducted ''cold'' optimization trials and surrogate tests in which a combination of a mediated electrochemical oxidation process (SILVER II{trademark}) and ultrasonic mixing have been used to decontaminate the surrogate waste materials. The surrogate wastes were impregnated with copper oxalate for plutonium dioxide. Our process combines both mineralization of reactive components (such cellulose, rubber, and oil) and surface decontamination of less reactive materials such as polyethylene, polystyrene and polyvinylchloride. By using this combination of SILVER II and ultrasonic mixing, we have achieved 100% current efficiency for the destruction of the reactive components. We have demonstrated that: The degree of decontamination achieved would be adequate to meet both WIPP waste acceptance criteria and TRUPACT II packaging and shipping requirements; The system can maintain near absolute containment of the surrogate radionuclides; Only minimal pre-treatment (coarse shredding) and minimal waste sorting are required; The system requires minimal off gas control processes and monitoring instrumentation; The laboratory trials have developed information that can be used for scale-up purposes; The process does not produce dioxins and furans; Disposal routes for secondary process arisings have already been demonstrated in other programs. Based on the results from Phase 1, the recommendation is to proceed to Phase 2 and use the equipment at Savannah

  9. From Vision to Actuality: Translating the Organizing Vision of Mobile Technology in Home Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tina Blegind; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    Empirical evidence from a case study of the diffusion and adoption of mobile technology in a highly structured home care setting in Denmark shows how an organizational field vision of an efficient mobile technology was created and became transformed through diverse translation mechanisms...... the organizing vision for mobile technology in practice. Our findings show that an integration of the translation perspective not only furthers our understanding of the malleability of the organizing vision but also shows how actions at multiple levels interact to enable technology adoption and eventually...... institutionalization. Our study contributes to the increasing research on diffusion and adoption of mobile technologies within healthcare by challenging dominant single level analysis and factor-orientated approaches....

  10. A Technology-Organization-Environment Perspective on Eco-effectiveness: A Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josephine LL Chong

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we perform a meta-analysis to explain how organizations are deploying technologies to enforce organizational sustainability by meeting the goal of eco-effectiveness. Prior studies have studied the influences on the adoption of technologies using the Technology-Organisation-Environment (TOE model that incorporate some aspects of technological, organizational or environmental factors. We collected prior research to test the factors of the TOE model to ascertain their relative impact and strength. Our meta-analysis found eight additional technological and organizational factors. We found strong support for IT infrastructure, perceived direct benefits, top management support, and competitive pressure. Moderate support for compatibility, technological readiness, perceived indirect benefits, knowledge (human resources, organizational size, attitudes towards innovation, learning culture, pressure from trade partners (industry characteristics and regulatory support. Lastly, weak support was found for relative advantage, complexity, perceived risks and information learning culture. Only two dimensions, financial resources and environmental uncertainty failed to reach statistical significance.

  11. Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persinger, Jon F.

    2010-01-01

    This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to…

  12. Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persinger, Jon F.

    2010-01-01

    This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to…

  13. Management of Emerging Technologies and the Learning Organization : Lessons from the Cloud and Serious Games Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Alexiou (Andreas)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractThis thesis takes learning as a starting point to investigate its associations with successful emerging technologies adoption as well as the act of adaptation to discontinuous change as captured by the phenomenon of organizational resilience. The first part of the thesis explores

  14. APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGY BENCHMARKING (CORPORATE INTELLIGENCE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander L. Barannikov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available About technology benchmarking (corporate intelligence in the management of organization Benchmarking is an important part of the management of organization. It is aimed at study of the successful experience of various organizations and, first of all competitors, in order to improve on the basis of the information received by its own management and production of competitive products using a variety of sources. In the benchmarking directly use the instruments of corporate intelligence, which main purpose is information support of the activities of organizations.

  15. Life Cycle Assessment of pretreatment technologies for anaerobic digestion of source-separated organic household waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naroznova, Irina; Møller, Jacob; Scheutz, Charlotte

    2013-01-01

    traditional pretreatment method using a screw press. The inventory of the technologies was constructed including the mass balance, amount of biogas produced, nutrient recovery rates, and produced biomass quality. The technologies were modelled in the LCA-model EASETECH and the potential environmental impacts......The environmental performance of two pretreatment technologies for source-separated organic waste was compared using life cycle assessment (LCA). An innovative pulping process where source-separated organic waste is pulped with cold water forming a volatile solid rich biopulp was compared to a more...... including a number of non-toxic and toxic impact categories were assessed. No big difference in the overall performance of the two technologies was observed. The difference for the separate life cycle steps was, however, more pronounced. More efficient material transfer in the scenario with waste pulping...

  16. The infrastructure attitude to strategic planning of information technology in organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emad Rezaei

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The strategic planning means the future planning of an organization; in other words, it refers to the direction that the organization wants to move in that direction. Strategic planning of the information technology for any organization is an evidence that the organization’s information architecture in light of strategic considerations such as mission, objectives, and priorities of the organization becomes evident and it determines the necessary administration plan to achieve systems and forms the informational databases at the organizational level. To put differently, strategic planning of the information technology charter and the macro program in the field of information systems are generally considered as the information technology. Different approaches are used for planning. Now, the dominant approach for developing the long-term program or for ICT master plan of information technology is an approach of the organizational architecture or the information technology architecture. The purpose of this research is a preliminary introduction with an organizational architecture approach with the means of strategic planning of the information systems.

  17. Technology-facilitated Organized Abuse: An Examination of Law Enforcement Arrest Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janis Wolak

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at cases of organized abuse (that is, two or more offenders working in concert and having two or more victims, not solely familial reported by law enforcement respondents during the three waves of the National Juvenile Online Victimization (NJOV Study (n=29. The NJOV Study collected data from a national US sample of law enforcement agencies about technology-facilitated crimes ending in arrest at three time points: mid-2000 to mid-2001, 2005 and 2009. The paper reports on the prevalence of technology-facilitated organized abuse ending in arrest, contexts of cases and characteristics of offenders and victims. 

  18. Social Media Mashups: The Ordering and Disordering Role of Social Media Technologies in Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albu, Oana Brindusa; Etter, Michael

    This study explores how mashups (disconnected and mutable interactions from multiple locales to merge into communicative events) and social media (SM) exhibit interdependent agency across technologies, spaces and times. This study draws on communication constitutes organization (CCO), affordances...... and ethnographic perspectives to investigate the hybrid use of multiple SM in two organizations. The contributions of the study are twofold: Firstly, the findings detect practices of cross-association (‘exporting’ data across platforms) and cross-integration (‘importing’ content across technologies...

  19. Effect Of The Use Of Information Technology And Organization Cultural Of The Quality Accounting Information System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakri

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The result of the application of effective accounting information system and provide quality and effective accounting information quality. Fundamental rule accounting information systems in an organization is generating accounting information quality through the process of collecting raw data and then processed and then presented in the form of accounting information useful for user information. The purpose of this study was to know how the effect of Use of information technology on the quality of accounting information systems organizational culture on the quality of accounting information systems and the quality of accounting information system on the quality of accounting information. Based on the literature of some previous researchers proved that a technology affects the quality of accounting information systems using information system AIS Effectively requires an understanding of the organization management and information technology shaping the system. the use of information technology within an organization intended to provide information to the user. B. Organizational culture affects the quality of AIS at the stage of design and implementation of the system required careful consideration of the information attitude is the main component of the organization information systems can be substantially influenced by the culture of the organization. C accounting information quality influence on information accounting quality is built with the main purpose to process accounting data from various sources into the accounting information needed by a wide range of users to reduce risk when making decisions.

  20. THE DUALITY OF CREATIVITY AND TECHNOLOGY IN IS AND ISD ORGANIZATIONS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mengiste, Shegaw Anagaw; Ulrich, Frank

    2014-01-01

    of the iterative cycle of ideation and innovation in IS and ISD organizations. To create the framework, we have used Weick et al. (2005) view on sensemaking and Orlikowski's (1992) duality of technology theory. The theoretical framework, with the notion of ergodic connections suggests that sensemaking will cause......Information Systems (IS) has become an increasing necessity in most organizations to achieve competitive advantages. In this article, we address the use of IS in creative sensemaking processes by presenting the notion of ergodic connections in the sensemaking process and a framework...... organizations and the sensemaking process. To conduct the research of CSS, we deployed Orlikowski's (1992) duality of technology to demonstrate how CSS can support the creative sensemaking process. In addition, we conducted a survey of 31 IS mangers and business developers in 27 IS and ISD organizations...

  1. Recent research trends in organic Rankine cycle technology: A bibliometric approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Imran, Muhammad; Haglind, Fredrik; Asim, Muhammad

    2018-01-01

    This work describes the contribution of researchers around the world in the field of the organic Rankine cycle in the period 2000–2016. A bibliometric approach was applied to analyze the scientific publications in the field using the Scopus Elsevier database, together with Science Citation Index...... of active countries, institutes, authors, and journals in the organic Rankine cycle technology field. From 2000 to 2016, there were 2120 articles published by 3443 authors from 997 research institutes scattered over 71 countries. The total number of citations and impact factor are 36,739 and 4597...... are the leading countries in organic Rankine cycle research and account for 64% of the total number of publications. The core research activities in the field are mainly focused on applications of the organic Rankine cycle technology, working fluids selection/performance, cycle architecture, and design...

  2. EXTERNALITIES AND THE SIX FACETS MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS IN AGRIBUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    STEPHEN R. LUXMORE; CLYDE EIRÍKUR HULL

    2010-01-01

    The Six Facets Model of technology management has previously only been applied to process innovation at the firm and the industry level. In this article, the model is applied to product innovation for the first time. In the context of genetically-modified organisms in the agribusiness industry, we examine radical product innovation through the Six Facets Model. We propose, based on the history of genetically-modified organisms in agribusiness, that when applied to product innovation the Six F...

  3. Evaluating the impact of investments in information technology on structural inertia in health organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bewley, Lee W

    2010-01-01

    Structural inertia is the overall capacity of an organization to adapt within a market environment. This paper reviews the impact of healthcare investments in information management/information technology (IM/IT) on the strategic management concept of structural inertia. Research indicates that healthcare executives should consider the relative state of structural inertia for their firms and match them with potential IM/IT solutions. Additionally, organizations should favorably consider IM/IT solutions that are comparatively less complex.

  4. Evaluation of alternative nonflame technologies for destruction of hazardous organic waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwinkendorf, W.E. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Musgrave, B.C. [BC Musgrave, Inc. (United States); Drake, R.N. [Drake Engineering, Inc. (United States)

    1997-04-01

    The US Department of Energy`s Mixed Waste Focus Area (MWFA) commissioned an evaluation of mixed waste treatment technologies that are alternatives to incineration for destruction of hazardous organic wastes. The purpose of this effort is to evaluate technologies that are alternatives to open-flame, free-oxygen combustion (as exemplified by incinerators), and recommend to the Waste Type Managers and the MWFA which technologies should be considered for further development. Alternative technologies were defined as those that have the potential to: destroy organic material without use of open-flame reactions with free gas-phase oxygen as the reaction mechanism; reduce the offgas volume and associated contaminants (metals, radionuclides, and particulates) emitted under normal operating conditions; eliminate or reduce the production of dioxins and furans; and reduce the potential for excursions in the process that can lead to accidental release of harmful levels of chemical or radioactive materials. Twenty-three technologies were identified that have the potential for meeting these requirements. These technologies were rated against the categories of performance, readiness for deployment, and environment safety, and health. The top ten technologies that resulted from this evaluation are Steam Reforming, Electron Beam, UV Photo-Oxidation, Ultrasonics, Eco Logic reduction process, Supercritical Water oxidation, Cerium Mediated Electrochemical Oxidation, DETOX{sup SM}, Direct Chemical Oxidation (peroxydisulfate), and Neutralization/Hydrolysis.

  5. Teachers' Organization of Participation Structures for Teaching Science with Computer Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Karthigeyan

    2016-08-01

    This paper describes a qualitative study that investigated the nature of the participation structures and how the participation structures were organized by four science teachers when they constructed and communicated science content in their classrooms with computer technology. Participation structures focus on the activity structures and processes in social settings like classrooms thereby providing glimpses into the complex dynamics of teacher-students interactions, configurations, and conventions during collective meaning making and knowledge creation. Data included observations, interviews, and focus group interviews. Analysis revealed that the dominant participation structure evident within participants' instruction with computer technology was ( Teacher) initiation-( Student and Teacher) response sequences-( Teacher) evaluate participation structure. Three key events characterized the how participants organized this participation structure in their classrooms: setting the stage for interactive instruction, the joint activity, and maintaining accountability. Implications include the following: (1) teacher educators need to tap into the knowledge base that underscores science teachers' learning to teach philosophies when computer technology is used in instruction. (2) Teacher educators need to emphasize the essential idea that learning and cognition is not situated within the computer technology but within the pedagogical practices, specifically the participation structures. (3) The pedagogical practices developed with the integration or with the use of computer technology underscored by the teachers' own knowledge of classroom contexts and curriculum needs to be the focus for how students learn science content with computer technology instead of just focusing on how computer technology solely supports students learning of science content.

  6. Technology Innovation Mode of Agricultural Leading Enterprise——Based on the Virtual Organization Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the definition of technology innovation of agricultural leading enterprises by domestic and foreign experts and scholars,technology innovation of agricultural enterprises is a process of new market increment,which uses new knowledge,technology,process and production mode,produces new products,offers new services and realizes commercialization. Characteristics of agricultural technology innovation are introduced,such as obvious regionality,relatively high risk,long-term periodicity and public attribute. Predicament for technology innovation of leading enterprises is analyzed,such as technical constraints,financial constraints and personnel constraints. Technological Innovation Mode can be classified into three modes of independent innovation,imitative innovation and cooperative innovation by the method of technology innovation. Among them,since there are some defects in the technology innovation process,independent innovation and imitative innovation are generally not used for the innovation of agricultural enterprises. Cooperative Innovation Mode can rely on foreign aid,can realize complementary advantages and achievement sharing,and can be widely applied in the agricultural innovation enterprise. Virtual organization in cooperation innovation mode is described,which makes up for technology,capital and human resources barriers in the process of agricultural enterprise innovation. Therefore,this mode is popular among the agricultural innovation enterprise.

  7. Trajectories towards clean technology. Example of volatile organic compound emission reductions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belis-Bergouignan, Marie-Claude; Oltra, Vanessa; Saint Jean, Maider [IFREDE-E3i, University Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV, Avenue Leon Duguit, Pessac 33608 (France)

    2004-02-20

    This article is based on the observation that, up until now, corporate investment has been limited in clean technologies despite the will of governmental authorities to stimulate them in order to cope with the demands of sustainable development. The paper deals with the issue of the development of clean technologies and the role of regulations as clean technology promoters. It tries to apprehend the characteristics and specificity of clean technology from both an empirical and a theoretical point of view, so as to understand which are the most favourable (or inversely, the most detrimental) conditions for their development. We use case studies concerning the reduction of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions in the chemical and metallurgical industries. These two examples highlight the problems created by the shift from a 'with-solvent paradigm' to a 'solvent-free paradigm' and the way clean technology trajectories may spread within such paradigms. We show that the problem of clean technology development primarily resides in some factors that impede technological adoption, although a strong and mixed incentives framework prevails. Such impediments are sector-specific, leading to different clean technology trajectories among sectors and indicating areas of sectoral intervention that could become the cornerstones of complementary technology policy.

  8. Investigation of technologies for producing organic-mineral fertilizers and biogas from waste products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna V. Ivanchenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Modern agriculture requires special attention to a preservation of soil fertility; development of cultures fertilization; producing of new forms of organic-mineral fertilizers which nutrient absorption coefficient would be maximum. Application of artificial fertilizers has negative influence on soils. Aim: The aim of the study is to identify the scientific regularities of organic-mineral fertilizers and biogas technologies from waste products and cattle manure with the addition of fermentation additive. Materials and Methods: The affordable organic raw material for production of organic-mineral fertilizers is the cattle manure. Environmental technology of the decontamination and utilization of manure is its anaerobic bioconversion to fermented fertilizer and biogas. The waste decontamination and the degradation of complex polymers into simple renewable and plant-available compounds takes place during the conversion of manner to biogas. Experimental research carried out for the three types of loads to the model reactor of anaerobic fermentation with 1 dm3 volume for dry matter. The mesophilic fermentation mode used in the experiments (at 33 °C. Results: It has been shown that the addition of whey to the input raw materials in a ratio of 1:30 accelerates the process of anaerobic digestion and biogas generation in 1,3...2,1 times. An analysis of organic-mineral fertilizers from cattle manure were conducted. Technological schemes of organic-mineral fertilizers and biogas technologies from waste products were developed. Conclusions: Implementation of research results to farms and urban waste treatment facilities lead to increased energy potential of our country and expansion of high-quality organic-mineral fertilizers variety, which are well absorbed by plants.

  9. Extending Deacon’s Notion of Teleodynamics to Culture, Language, Organization, Science, Economics and Technology (CLOSET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert K. Logan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Terrence Deacon’s (2012 notion developed in his book Incomplete Nature (IN that living organisms are teleodynamic systems that are self-maintaining, self-correcting and self-reproducing is extended to human social systems. The hypothesis is developed that culture, language, organization, science, economics and technology (CLOSET can be construed as living organisms that evolve, maintain and reproduce themselves and are self-correcting, and hence are teleodynamic systems. The elements of CLOSET are to a certain degree autonomous, even though they are obligate symbionts dependent on their human hosts for the energy that sustains them.

  10. Features of the Organization of Construction with the Use of Technologies of Information Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kisel Tatyana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Gradual universal transition to the technologies of building information modeling (BIM technology became the reply to the need of taking into account huge volumes of information during designing, construction and maintenance of buildings and structures. The possibility of such transition is caused by the intensive development of information technologies and the emergence of the specialized software products aimed on the creation computer (i.e. information model of a construction project, including all the information about it. The availability of the computer model of the construction project allows to organize the process of designing, construction and maintenance of the building in a new way. This article is devoted to the features of the implementation of BIM technologies in Russia. It is based on the results of the research on the experience of implementation of BIM in various countries, on the problems of implementation of technologies of information modeling in Russia, and also on the effect which the leading Russian organizations in the implementation of BIM field could obtain, namely, the substantial increase of efficiency of the organization of the construction process.

  11. THE DUALITY OF CREATIVITY AND TECHNOLOGY IN IS AND ISD ORGANIZATIONS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mengiste, Shegaw Anagaw; Ulrich, Frank

    2014-01-01

    of the iterative cycle of ideation and innovation in IS and ISD organizations. To create the framework, we have used Weick et al. (2005) view on sensemaking and Orlikowski's (1992) duality of technology theory. The theoretical framework, with the notion of ergodic connections suggests that sensemaking will cause...

  12. Institutional and Noninstitutional Influences on Information and Communication Technology Adoption and Use among Nonprofit Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorn, Theodore E.; Flanagin, Andrew J.; Shoham, Mirit Devorah

    2011-01-01

    In this study, nonprofit organizations (NPOs) in New Zealand were surveyed to explore influences on adoption and use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). We sought to extend existing research by considering "institutional" influences alongside organizational and environmental features and by examining how institutional…

  13. Teachers' Organization of Participation Structures for Teaching Science with Computer Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Karthigeyan

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a qualitative study that investigated the nature of the participation structures and how the participation structures were organized by four science teachers when they constructed and communicated science content in their classrooms with computer technology. Participation structures focus on the activity structures and…

  14. Innovation in Business Organizations: Adoption of Japanese Management Principles and Communications Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Renee; And Others

    A survey was completed by 248 North Carolinian companies in a study conducted to determine the extent to which businesses have responded to recent theories on Japanese management principles and communication technologies. The five areas of the survey focused on (1) characteristics of the respondent and organization, (2) communication and decision…

  15. The impact of information technology on organizational design: Example in health organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petković Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of information technology (IT on organization including all elements that are integral part of organizational design through Star Model (Kates and Galbraith, 2007, and to show that IT has become an important strategic resource that provides a concentration of all relevant information for quality decision-making and integration of complex organization with the concept of “Big Data” (Manyika et al, 2011. In order to achieve the aim, research was performed in organization in the health sector which affects the quality of life and standard of living. TheIT impact on organizational design and through him on organizational effectiveness in the health care is visible and provide insight into the implications of information technology and opportunities for reasoning about matters that are the subject of research: whether and how information technology causes changes in the design of the organization; whether it affects all elements of design equally; on which elements has the most intense impact and why; whether and why employees and users of health services exhibit resistance to information technology; under what conditions can be reduced or completely eliminated the resistance of employees and users of health services?

  16. Transcending Technological Innovation: The Impact of Acquisitions on Entrepreneurial Technical Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crochetiere, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    Technology firms with substantial cash reserves acquire smaller entrepreneurial firms for diversification. In 2006, 3 large firms acquired 28 organizations, with the combined deals exceeding $4.7 billion. The problem addressed in this study is that new start-up companies with innovative ideas may not mature when they are acquired by larger…

  17. Adapting to Student Learning Styles: Engaging Students with Cell Phone Technology in Organic Chemistry Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pursell, David P.

    2009-01-01

    Students of organic chemistry traditionally make 3 x 5 in. flash cards to assist learning nomenclature, structures, and reactions. Advances in educational technology have enabled flash cards to be viewed on computers, offering an endless array of drilling and feedback for students. The current generation of students is less inclined to use…

  18. Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Technology Support for Self-Organized Learners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalz, Marco; Koper, Rob; Hornung-Prähauser, Veronika; Luckmann, Michaela

    2008-01-01

    Kalz, M., Koper, R., Hornung-Prähauser, V., & Luckmann, M. (Eds.) (2008). Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Technology Support for Self-Organized Learners. June, 2-3, 2008, Salzburg, Austria: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073. Available at http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-349.

  19. Leadership Style and Learning Organization: A Survey of Information Technology Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Jeffrey E.

    2013-01-01

    Leadership in information technology (IT) firms remains a topic for study. Understanding how IT professionals react to leadership styles creates an opportunity for IT leaders to better lead by matching expectation to leadership style. Previous research has linked transformation leadership to the learning organization in the pharmaceutical sector,…

  20. Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics A Technology-Enabled Revolution

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Organic and printed electronics can enable a revolution in the applications of electronics and this book offers readers an overview of the state-of-the-art in this rapidly evolving domain.  The potentially low cost, compatibility with flexible substrates and the wealth of devices that characterize organic and printed electronics will make possible applications that go far beyond the well-known displays made with large-area silicon electronics. Since organic electronics are still in their early stage, undergoing transition from lab-scale and prototype activities to production, this book serves as a valuable snapshot of the current landscape of the different devices enabled by this technology, reviewing all applications that are developing and those can be foreseen.   Provides a complete roadmap for organic and printed electronics research and development for the next several years; Includes an overview of the printing processes for organic electronics, along with state of the art applications, such as solar ...

  1. Solution processed organic light-emitting diodes using the plasma cross-linking technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Kongduo; Liu, Yang; Gong, Junyi; Zeng, Pan; Kong, Xun; Yang, Xilu; Yang, Cheng; Yu, Yan; Liang, Rongqing; Ou, Qiongrong

    2016-09-01

    Solution processed multilayer organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) present challenges, especially regarding dissolution of the first layer during deposition of a second layer. In this work, we first demonstrated a plasma cross-linking technology to produce a solution processed OLED. The surfaces of organic films can be cross-linked after mixed acetylene and Ar plasma treatment for several tens of seconds and resist corrosion of organic solvent. The film thickness and surface morphology of emissive layers (EMLs) with plasma treatment and subsequently spin-rinsed with chlorobenzene are nearly unchanged. The solution processed triple-layer OLED is successfully fabricated and the current efficiency increases 50% than that of the double-layer OLED. Fluorescent characteristics of EMLs are also observed to investigate factors influencing the efficiency of the triple-layer OLED. Plasma cross-linking technology may open up a new pathway towards fabrication of all-solution processed multilayer OLEDs and other soft electronic devices.

  2. Technology projects for characterization--monitoring of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Junk, G.A.; Haas, W.J. Jr.

    1992-07-01

    One hundred thirty technology project titles related to the characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at an arid site are listed alphabetically by first contact person in a master compilation that includes phone numbers, addresses, keywords, and short descriptions. Separate tables are presented for 62 field-demonstrated, 36 laboratory-demonstrated, and 35 developing technology projects. The technology projects in each of these three categories are also prioritized in separate summary tables. Additional tables are presented for a number of other categorizations of the technology projects: In Situ; Fiberoptic; Mass Spectrometer; Optical Spectroscopy; Raman or SERS; Ion Mobility or Acoustic; Associated; and Commercial. Four lists of contact person names are provided so details concerning the projects that deal with sampling, and VOCs in gases, waters, and soils (sediments) can be obtained. Finally, seven wide-ranging conclusions based on observations and experiences during this work are presented.

  3. Driving technology for improving motion quality of active-matrix organic light-emitting diode display

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jongbin; Kim, Minkoo; Kim, Jong-Man; Kim, Seung-Ryeol; Lee, Seung-Woo

    2014-09-01

    This paper reports transient response characteristics of active-matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) displays for mobile applications. This work reports that the rising responses look like saw-tooth waveform and are not always faster than those of liquid crystal displays. Thus, a driving technology is proposed to improve the rising transient responses of AMOLED based on the overdrive (OD) technology. We modified the OD technology by combining it with a dithering method because the conventional OD method cannot successfully enhance all the rising responses. Our method can improve all the transitions of AMOLED without modifying the conventional gamma architecture of drivers. A new artifact is found when OD is applied to certain transitions. We propose an optimum OD selection method to mitigate the artifact. The implementation results show the proposed technology can successfully improve motion quality of scrolling texts as well as moving pictures in AMOLED displays.

  4. The Effect of Time-Advance Mechanism in Modeling and Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    environment and has the ability to learn and adapt its behavior over time (Russell & Norvig , 2003). Example of agents are people, groups, organizations...Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) & North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). Retrieved from http://www.rto.nato.int/ Russell, S., & Norvig , P

  5. The Ecological Behaviour Related to Green Information and Communication Technology in Romanian Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura-Diana Radu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available An increased focus on environmental issues and the fulminant development of information and communication technologies led to the appearance and increased interest in the green characteristics of the available products and services. The ecological behaviour related to these technologies used by organizations, has become a widely studied and applied topic nowadays. In this context, this paper aims to analyse the perception of managers and employees of the Romanian companies in relation to the green information and communication technologies in the attempt to offer a genuine image of their attitude and see if their views are close to the international vision on environment protection. Starting from the literature regarding information and communication technologies and the available empirical studies, we have made an analysis on two categories of organizations: the ones that apply environment policies supported by the institutions and the ones that do not apply any policies, including comparisons between them. The conclusions of the study pointed out the presence of environmental concerns, not always clearly drawn or applied, but they could form the basis for the future actions and initiatives of consumers of information and communication technologies products and services in the wider context and will to fall into line with the Western level of economic and social development.

  6. FLUIDIZED BED STEAM REFORMING TECHNOLOGY FOR ORGANIC AND NITRATE SALT SUPERNATE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jantzen, C; Michael02 Smith, M

    2007-03-30

    About two decades ago a process was developed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to remove Cs137 from radioactive high level waste (HLW) supernates so the supernates could be land disposed as low activity waste (LAW). Sodium tetraphenylborate (NaTPB) was used to precipitate Cs{sup 137} as CsTPB. The flowsheet called for destruction of the organic TPB by acid hydrolysis so that the Cs{sup 137} enriched residue could be mixed with other HLW sludge, vitrified, and disposed of in a federal geologic repository. The precipitation process was demonstrated full scale with actual HLW waste and a 2.5 wt% Cs137 rich precipitate containing organic TPB was produced admixed with 240,000 gallons of salt supernate. Organic destruction by acid hydrolysis proved to be problematic and other disposal technologies were investigated. Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR), which destroys organics by pyrolysis, is the current baseline technology for destroying the TPB and the waste nitrates prior to vitrification. Bench scale tests were designed and conducted at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to reproduce the pyrolysis reactions. The formation of alkali carbonate phases that are compatible with DWPF waste pre-processing and vitrification were demonstrated in the bench scale tests. Test parameters were optimized for a pilot scale FBSR demonstration that was performed at the SAIC Science & Technology Application Research (STAR) Center in Idaho Falls, ID by Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and SRNL in 2003. An engineering scale demonstration was completed by THOR{reg_sign} Treatment Technologies (TTT) and SRNL in 2006 at the Hazen Research, Inc. test facility in Golden, CO. The same mineral carbonate phases, the same organic destruction (>99.99%) and the same nitrate/nitrite destruction (>99.99%) were produced at the bench scale, pilot scale, and engineering scale although different sources of carbon were used during testing.

  7. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITHIN THE ECO TECHNOLOGIC ORGANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe AMZA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents contributions to the implementation of environmental management system within the eco technologic organization. SME type organization's environmental policies highlights the accomplishment of requirements of ISO 19001 standard, regarding pollution prevention, commitment in accordance to the law and if it is documented and can provide a framework for setting environmental objectives and targets. The audit may reveal whether it corresponds to the nature, scale and impact that activities, products and services of the organization have on the environment, or if it is implemented, maintained and communicated to all staff. This paper presents mainly the following: elements of environmental planning process, environmental planning process, place of environmental conservation in the general strategy of the organization

  8. Unidirectional coating technology for organic field-effect transistors: materials and methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Huabin; Wang, Qijing; Qian, Jun; Yin, Yao; Shi, Yi; Li, Yun

    2015-05-01

    Solution-processed organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are essential for developing organic electronics. The encouraging development in solution-processed OFETs has attracted research interest because of their potential in low-cost devices with performance comparable to polycrystalline-silicon-based transistors. In recent years, unidirectional coating technology, featuring thin-film coating along only one direction and involving specific materials as well as solution-assisted fabrication methods, has attracted intensive interest. Transistors with organic semiconductor layers, which are deposited via unidirectional coating methods, have achieved high performance. In particular, carrier mobility has been greatly enhanced to values much higher than 10 cm2 V-1 s-1. Such significant improvement is mainly attributed to better control in morphology and molecular packing arrangement of organic thin film. In this review, typical materials that are being used in OFETs are discussed, and demonstrations of unidirectional coating methods are surveyed.

  9. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL OF ECO TECHNOLOGIC ORGANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan DOBROTĂ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper present a series of contributions to the development of a model of eco technologic organization. Managers of various organizations generally recognized the need for change, as a way to cope with competitive pressures, but many do not understand how the change should be implemented. The key to success is to integrate employees, their roles and responsibilities within the organization in a structure of processes. A process-based approach and starting with the declaration of vision and mission, analyzing critical success factors and identifying the basic processes, it is the most effective way of employment of staff in the process of change In these conditions paper addresses notions of implementation of the change in the industrial organizations: organizational change process, consequences of ignoring the change, internal and external factors of change, actions needing change

  10. Interface modification and material synthesis of organic light-emitting diodes using plasma technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Rongqing; Ou, Qiongrong; Yang, Cheng; He, Kongduo; Yang, Xilu; Zhong, Shaofeng; plasma application Team

    2015-09-01

    Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), due to their unique properties of solution processability, compatibility with flexible substrates and with large-scale printing technology, attract huge interest in the field of lighting. The integration of plasma technology into OLEDs provides a new route to improve their performance. Here we demonstrate the modification of indium-tin-oxide (ITO) work function by plasma treatment, synthesis of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials using plasma grafting (polymerisation), and multi-layer solution processing achieved by plasma cross-linking.

  11. The Impact of Organization Culture on Satisfaction of Engineers in Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westbrook, Jerry W.; Takada, Pamela W.; Roth, Axel (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    In today's technological workplace with the shortage of qualified knowledge workers, the factors that lead to job satisfaction have increasing importance. Several past studies have indicated that knowledge worker job satisfaction increases when Herzberg motivators are present. Other research has indicated that job satisfaction improves as the degree of organic organizational culture increases. After examining the factors that led to knowledge worker job satisfaction, the current study was undertaken. Knowledge workers in varying organizational cultures were surveyed in an effort to determine if there is a relationship between the degree of knowledge worker job satisfaction and the measure of organic organization culture. Two survey instruments, the Organizational Cultural Assessment (OCA) developed by Riegle, and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), were utilized. The OCA delineates degree of organic culture present whereas the MSQ measures job satisfaction. Results of both surveys were statistically analyzed to determine if knowledge workers experience higher satisfaction levels in organic organizational cultures. Once data was analyzed and the hypothesis proven, this could lead companies to move toward an organic culture with emphasis on motivators in an effort to make their organizational culture more conducive to higher employee retention. Through understanding the factors that lead to increased job satisfaction, corporate resources could more efficiently utilized. A total of eight high technology workplaces were surveyed. Five of the eight workplaces yielded statistically significant positive correlation between a positive organizational culture and increased job satisfaction. These initial results indicate the connection between culture and job satisfaction. The relationship will be further analyzed through future surveys of numerous high technology workplaces.

  12. Flow through reactors for organic chemistry: directly electrically heated tubular mini reactors as an enabling technology for organic synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Kunz

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Until recently traditional heating in organic chemistry has been done with oil heating baths or using electric heat exchangers. With the advent of microwave equipment, heating by microwaves was rapidly introduced as standard method in organic chemistry laboratories, mainly because of the convenient possibility to operate at high temperature accompanied by accelerated reaction rates. In the present contribution we discuss the method of heating small, continuously operated reactors by passing electric current directly through the reactor wall as an enabling technology in organic chemistry. The benefit of this method is that the heat is generated directly inside the reactor wall. By this means high heating rates comparable to microwave ovens can be reached but at much lower cost for the equipment. A tool for the comparison of microwave heating and traditional heating is provided. As an example kinetic data for the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of methyl formate were measured using this heating concept. The reaction is not only a suitable model but also one of industrial importance since this is the main production process for formic acid.

  13. Flow through reactors for organic chemistry: directly electrically heated tubular mini reactors as an enabling technology for organic synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunz, Ulrich; Turek, Thomas

    2009-11-30

    Until recently traditional heating in organic chemistry has been done with oil heating baths or using electric heat exchangers. With the advent of microwave equipment, heating by microwaves was rapidly introduced as standard method in organic chemistry laboratories, mainly because of the convenient possibility to operate at high temperature accompanied by accelerated reaction rates. In the present contribution we discuss the method of heating small, continuously operated reactors by passing electric current directly through the reactor wall as an enabling technology in organic chemistry. The benefit of this method is that the heat is generated directly inside the reactor wall. By this means high heating rates comparable to microwave ovens can be reached but at much lower cost for the equipment. A tool for the comparison of microwave heating and traditional heating is provided. As an example kinetic data for the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of methyl formate were measured using this heating concept. The reaction is not only a suitable model but also one of industrial importance since this is the main production process for formic acid.

  14. Flow through reactors for organic chemistry: directly electrically heated tubular mini reactors as an enabling technology for organic synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turek, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Summary Until recently traditional heating in organic chemistry has been done with oil heating baths or using electric heat exchangers. With the advent of microwave equipment, heating by microwaves was rapidly introduced as standard method in organic chemistry laboratories, mainly because of the convenient possibility to operate at high temperature accompanied by accelerated reaction rates. In the present contribution we discuss the method of heating small, continuously operated reactors by passing electric current directly through the reactor wall as an enabling technology in organic chemistry. The benefit of this method is that the heat is generated directly inside the reactor wall. By this means high heating rates comparable to microwave ovens can be reached but at much lower cost for the equipment. A tool for the comparison of microwave heating and traditional heating is provided. As an example kinetic data for the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of methyl formate were measured using this heating concept. The reaction is not only a suitable model but also one of industrial importance since this is the main production process for formic acid. PMID:20300506

  15. Evaluation of Quality of Output Product in the Technology Group for Pyrolisis of Organic Waste Substances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav HONUS

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of ecological removal of organic polymer materials and wastes polluting the environment is very much alive and it is clear that it will take on ever greater importance. a promising and innovative technology for environmentally friendly disposal of waste organic matter is pyrolysis. This method of thermal processing of waste for its degradation as well as a source of valuable energy products using the new system Pyromatic. This paper presents its technical description and evaluation of the quality of output product from the pyrolysis of tires, plastics and coal.

  16. Performance specifications for technology development: Application for characterization of volatile organic compounds in the environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, S.E.; Doskey, P.V.; Erickson, M.D.; Lindahl, P.C.

    1994-07-01

    This report contains information about technology development for the monitoring and remediation of environmental pollution caused by the release of volatile organic compounds. Topics discussed include: performance specification processes, gas chromatography, mass spectrometer, fiber-optic chemical sensors, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, piezoelectric sensors and electrochemical sensors. These methods are analyzed for their cost efficiency, accuracy, and the ability to meet the needs of the customer.

  17. Application of low cost technology for the management of irrgation in organic orchads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horcajo, Daniel; Patrícia Prazeres Marques, Karina; Rodríguez Sinobas, Leonor

    2014-05-01

    Throughout history, humans have cyclically return to their old traditions such as the organic orchards. Nowadays, these have been integrated into the modern cities and could supply fresh vegetables to the daily food improving human health. Organic orchards grow crops without pesticides and artificial fertilizers thus, they are respectful with the environment and guarantee the food's safety . In modern society, the application of new technology is a must, in this case to obtain an efficient irrigation. In order to monitor a proper irrigation and save water and energy, soil water content probes are used to measure soil water content. Among them, capacitive probes ,monitored with a specific data logger, are typically used. Most of them, specially the data loggers, are expensive and in many cases are not used. In this work, we have applied the open hardware Arduino to build and program a low cost datalogger for the programming of irrigation in an experimental organic orchard. Results showed that the application of such as low cost technology, which is easily available in the market and easy to understand, everyone can built and program its own device helping in managing water resources in organic orchards .

  18. Anticancer patent landscape and technology assessment of Indian public-funded research institutes and organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dara, Ajay; Sangamwar, Abhay T

    2014-08-01

    This review discusses the various drug therapeutic targets and latest technologies of anticancer patents from 10 Indian public-funded research organizations covering more than 150 esteemed institutes. We have identified and reported the leading assignee and inventors along with their collaboration network and, thereby, have analyzed the various patent trends, geographical distributions, citation maps, Derwent World Patents Index, international patent classification analysis and the like. This article provides the insights of 1905 patent documents from 191 families and discusses in-depth anticancer technology through categorization studies at the level of drug discovery, drug development and treatment and diagnosis. In addition, various cancer targets were correlated with recent technologies so as to identify the white spaces for upcoming technologies. Over a period of 13 years (1990 - 2013) the main focus of Indian cancer research was in the field of synthetic chemistry and natural extracts followed by the pharmaceutical compositions and combinations, whereas, the white spaces for future cancer remedy were identified from research in the areas of cancer stem cell lines, vaccines, gene therapy, nano formulations with targeted drug delivery systems as core and latest technologies.

  19. Health technology assessment (HTA) organizations: dimensions of the institutional and political framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novaes, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh; Soárez, Patrícia Coelho de

    2016-11-03

    Health technology assessment (HTA) is consolidated as a scientific and technological practice. The aim of this study is to identify HTA organizations from different settings and analyze their relevant dimensions in terms of effectiveness/impact, in order to address the challenges they face in Brazil. Narrative literature review based on data and websites of HTA organizations. There are well-established activity development processes in all organizations. These activities have specific features in their profile, in the process of technology assessment, decision and implementation of technologies that influence their potential impact on health systems. Agencies share in common the challenges of ranking the technologies to be assessed, and the implementation of their recommendations. Technical and political strengthening of the institutionalization of HTA in Brazil may foster scientific, technological and innovation policies, effectively impacting health policies. Resumo: A avaliação de tecnologias em saúde (ATS) está consolidada enquanto prática científica e tecnológica. O objetivo do estudo é identificar organizações de ATS de diferentes contextos e analisá-las de acordo com dimensões relevantes na avaliação de sua efetividade/impacto, buscando contribuir com os desafios enfrentados no contexto nacional. Revisão narrativa da literatura, realizada em bases de dados e web sites de organizações de ATS. Existem processos de desenvolvimento das atividades bem estabelecidos em todas as organizações. Elas apresentam particularidades no seu perfil, nos processos de avaliação, decisão e implementação das tecnologias que influenciam o seu impacto potencial sobre os sistemas de saúde. As agências compartilham os desafios de priorização das tecnologias a serem avaliadas e implementação das suas recomendações. O fortalecimento técnico e político do processo de institucionalização da ATS no contexto nacional poderá contribuir com as pol

  20. Patterning technology for solution-processed organic crystal field-effect transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yun; Sun, Huabin; Shi, Yi; Tsukagoshi, Kazuhito

    2014-04-01

    Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are fundamental building blocks for various state-of-the-art electronic devices. Solution-processed organic crystals are appreciable materials for these applications because they facilitate large-scale, low-cost fabrication of devices with high performance. Patterning organic crystal transistors into well-defined geometric features is necessary to develop these crystals into practical semiconductors. This review provides an update on recent development in patterning technology for solution-processed organic crystals and their applications in field-effect transistors. Typical demonstrations are discussed and examined. In particular, our latest research progress on the spin-coating technique from mixture solutions is presented as a promising method to efficiently produce large organic semiconducting crystals on various substrates for high-performance OFETs. This solution-based process also has other excellent advantages, such as phase separation for self-assembled interfaces via one-step spin-coating, self-flattening of rough interfaces, and in situ purification that eliminates the impurity influences. Furthermore, recommendations for future perspectives are presented, and key issues for further development are discussed.

  1. Patterning technology for solution-processed organic crystal field-effect transistors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Li

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs are fundamental building blocks for various state-of-the-art electronic devices. Solution-processed organic crystals are appreciable materials for these applications because they facilitate large-scale, low-cost fabrication of devices with high performance. Patterning organic crystal transistors into well-defined geometric features is necessary to develop these crystals into practical semiconductors. This review provides an update on recent development in patterning technology for solution-processed organic crystals and their applications in field-effect transistors. Typical demonstrations are discussed and examined. In particular, our latest research progress on the spin-coating technique from mixture solutions is presented as a promising method to efficiently produce large organic semiconducting crystals on various substrates for high-performance OFETs. This solution-based process also has other excellent advantages, such as phase separation for self-assembled interfaces via one-step spin-coating, self-flattening of rough interfaces, and in situ purification that eliminates the impurity influences. Furthermore, recommendations for future perspectives are presented, and key issues for further development are discussed.

  2. Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells: Five Core Technologies for Their Commercialization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Hongkyu; Kim, Geunjin; Kim, Junghwan; Kwon, Sooncheol; Kim, Heejoo; Lee, Kwanghee

    2016-09-01

    The past two decades of vigorous interdisciplinary approaches has seen tremendous breakthroughs in both scientific and technological developments of bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) based on nanocomposites of π-conjugated organic semiconductors. Because of their unique functionalities, the OSC field is expected to enable innovative photovoltaic applications that can be difficult to achieve using traditional inorganic solar cells: OSCs are printable, portable, wearable, disposable, biocompatible, and attachable to curved surfaces. The ultimate objective of this field is to develop cost-effective, stable, and high-performance photovoltaic modules fabricated on large-area flexible plastic substrates via high-volume/throughput roll-to-roll printing processing and thus achieve the practical implementation of OSCs. Recently, intensive research efforts into the development of organic materials, processing techniques, interface engineering, and device architectures have led to a remarkable improvement in power conversion efficiencies, exceeding 11%, which has finally brought OSCs close to commercialization. Current research interests are expanding from academic to industrial viewpoints to improve device stability and compatibility with large-scale printing processes, which must be addressed to realize viable applications. Here, both academic and industrial issues are reviewed by highlighting historically monumental research results and recent state-of-the-art progress in OSCs. Moreover, perspectives on five core technologies that affect the realization of the practical use of OSCs are presented, including device efficiency, device stability, flexible and transparent electrodes, module designs, and printing techniques. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Investigating the Application of Semantic Technology to Organize Information in Digital Library Software Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simin Hajiahmadi

    2017-06-01

    The results indicated that digital libraries with respect to the application of semantic technology were not in good condition; therefore, they need to take all the weaknesses identified in this study into consideration. Software for IT architecture requires layers of meaning beyond their original design. In addition, regarding the languages implemented, semantic technology had very poor performance and none of the tools had this new technology to develop and implement. The majority of the tools employed were also in the initial stage of recognition. In many cases, information sources were kept outside of the databases and they had only text files for full-text search. On the whole, the software systems studied here were at the same level although they sometimes surpassed each other. The present study not only developed a checklist of the application of semantic technologies to organize information software digital library based on relevant literature and the experts, but also can make digital library software developers aware of their strengths and weaknesses, and the criteria and factors existing in this area in addition to the importance of each of them to help them in their own design and production in the future.

  4. Risk evaluation and mitigation strategy programs in solid organ transplantation: the promises of information technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsapepas, Demetra S; McKeen, Jaclyn T; Martin, Spencer T; Walker-McDermott, Jennifer K; Yang, Alex; Hirsch, Jamie; Mohan, Sumit; Tiwari, Ruchi

    2014-10-01

    Risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) required by the Food and Drug Administration are implemented to manage known or potential risks associated with medications and to ensure ongoing safe use throughout the life of a pharmaceutical agent. Healthcare organizations have begun to adopt information technologies with clinical decision support (CDS) to ensure safe use of medications. Systems have been expanded and customized to also ensure compliance with regulatory standards. End users who are unfamiliar with particular medication use provisions are at risk of unknowingly inappropriately fulfilling specific components. Institution-specific customization of vendor-provided CDS is useful to enhance provider awareness and ensure compliance with standards. Integration of health information technology systems to fulfill REMS requirements is novel and important to ensure consistency as healthcare standards evolve.

  5. Pollution prevention opportunity assessment for building 878, manufacturing science and technology, organization 14100.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klossner, Kristin Ann

    2004-05-01

    This report describes the methodology, analysis and conclusions of a preliminary assessment carried out for activities and operations at Sandia National Laboratories Building 878, Manufacturing Science and Technology, Organization 14100. The goal of this assessment is to evaluate processes being carried out within the building to determine ways to reduce waste generation and resource use. The ultimate purpose of this assessment is to analyze and prioritize processes within Building 878 for more in-depth assessments and to identify projects that can be implemented immediately.

  6. Technology Development and Implementation in the Public Health Institutions: A Strategic and Pedagogical Task for the Learning Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle

    2004-01-01

    solution is to put technology development and implementation together within a theoretical frame for the learning organization where and exist for both the IT-tools and the personnel. The personnel makes demands to which goals should be reached through technology and technology demands that the personnel...... is acquainted with hardware and software. As a communication system, technology offers new possibilities of realizing other forms of cooperation. The suggested solution is a synthesis between the strategy for organization development through technology and the implementation of IT as a learning process......-implementation in the secondary sector. The investigation indicated that the use of IT is a learning process which requires three types of knowledge and that continued IT-development in the organization requires a new fourth knowledge. reciprocal demands terms...

  7. The Relationship between Environmental Turbulence, Management Support, Organizational Collaboration, Information Technology Solution Realization, and Process Performance, in Healthcare Provider Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muglia, Victor O.

    2010-01-01

    The Problem: The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between environmental turbulence, management support, organizational collaboration, information technology solution realization, and process performance in healthcare provider organizations. Method: A descriptive/correlational study of Hospital medical services process…

  8. Hydrothermal processing of Hanford tank waste. Organic destruction technology development task annual report -- FY 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orth, R.J.; Schmidt, A.J.; Zacher, A.H. [and others

    1993-09-01

    Low-temperature hydrothermal processing (HTP) is a thermal-chemical autogenous processing method that can be used to destroy organics and ferrocyanide in Hanford tank waste at temperatures from 250 C to 400 C. With HTP, organics react with oxidants, such as nitrite and nitrate, already present in the waste. Ferrocyanides and free cyanide will hydrolyze at similar temperatures and may also react with nitrates or other oxidants in the waste. No air or oxygen or additional chemicals need to be added to the autogenous HTP system. However, enhanced kinetics may be realized by air addition, and, if desired, chemical reductants can be added to the system to facilitate complete nitrate/nitrate destruction. Tank waste can be processed in a plug-flow, tubular reactor, or a continuous-stirred tank reactor system designed to accommodate the temperature, pressure, gas generation, and heat release associated with decomposition of the reactive species. The work described in this annual report was conducted in FY 1993 for the Organic Destruction Technology Development Task of Hanford`s Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). This task is part of an overall program to develop organic destruction technologies originally funded by TWRS to meet tank safety and waste form disposal criteria and condition the feed for further pretreatment. During FY 1993 the project completed seven experimental test plans, a 30-hr pilot-scale continuous run, over 200 hr of continuous bench-scale HTP testing, and 20 batch HTP tests; two contracts were established with commercial vendors, and a commercial laboratory reactor was procured and installed in a glovebox for HTP testing with actual Hanford tank waste.

  9. Exploring the Influence of Collectiveness on Value Creation Adoption in an Information Technology Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorakulpipat, Chalee; Rezgui, Yacine

    The objective of this empirical study is to explore the influence of socio-cultural factors, with a focus on collectiveness, on knowledge-value creation practices in a Thai information technology organization. The research adopts an interpretive stance and employs a case study approach involving multiple data collection methods. The paper is based on one author's personal expertise and close involvement in the selected case study organization. Using a grounded theory research approach, the study indicates that while collectiveness is overall perceived as a positive Thai cultural feature, it critically influences (1) the social network ties and relationship between employees within and across teams, (2) the resulting level of trust, and (3) the ability to share and create knowledge effectively in the organizational socio-cultural environment. The study is limited to a Thai organization, but can be generalized to other organizations that exhibit similar characteristics. This empirical study provides a foundation to further the research and the validation of the summary of themes that emerged from this empirical study.

  10. Preliminary study on treatment of waste organic matter from livestock by bacteria-mineral technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Wenyuan; YANG Haizhen; GU Guowei

    2008-01-01

    The present study dealt with relationships between the degradation and humification process that the organic matter underwent during bacteria-mineral technology.An inverse correlation was found between the protein,lipid,and some of the humification indices considered,suggesting that the humification theory is actually humic substances produced from simple-structured natural organic substrates.Weight-average molecular weight (Mw),number-average molecular weight(Mn),and the ratio Mw/Mn of dissolved organic matters at difierent stages of the process were measured by gel permeation chromatography.The results showed that Mn and Mw increased with reaction time from 352 to 17,191,and from 78,707 to 104,564,respectively.The ratio of Mn/Mw decreased from 223.3 to 6.1.This reflected the growth of the polymerization degree of dissolvable organic matters in the process;furthermore,it indicated the formation of complex molecules (humic substances) from more simple molecules.Bacteria-mineral water(BMW) (the effluent of the process) treatments can exert hormone-like activity for enhanced seed germination of wheat and rice and greatly improved chlorophyll synthesis in wheat and rice leaves.Major polyamines (plant regulators) putrescine,spermidine,and spermine,were found in BMW by a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method,which may explain the hormone-like activity of BMW.

  11. SOME ASPECTS OF ORGANIZATION OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY MEDICAL AID RENDERING AT SARATOV SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TRAUMATOLOGY AND ORTHOPEDICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.A. Shulgina

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the peculiarities of organization of high technology medical aid rendering at Saratov Scientific Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics. Profiles and volumes of high technology medical aid and its order during 2006-2007 are presented.

  12. How Professional Organizations Can Help Meet the Professional Development Needs of Middle School Business and Technology Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crews, Tena B.

    2007-01-01

    Middle school business and technology educators were surveyed to examine how professional organizations could meet their professional development needs. A 26 percent response rate (n = 148) was received from middle school educators in 37 states. This research was designed to identify the business and technology courses being taught at the middle…

  13. Theoretical and Technological Basis of the Organization of Inclusive Education of Children in a Distance Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukminova Y. N.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Realities of the formed information society made actual for inclusive education a problem of formation of professionals of the new directions capable to apply information technologies to improvement of interaction between participants of process of distance learning. Until recent time the institute of distance learning had no analogs in our educational system. It has to become one of the most important elements of the organization of remote education. Inclusive education becomes the new strategic direction of modern education in Russia, its program of development to 2020 is designated by the Federal law “About the education in the Russian Federation” which has come into force on September 1, 2013. Ideas of inclusive training were born from a pressing need of society to help children to be integrated with features of development into society. Without it a creation of a new civilized society, the education system that meets the requirements of the humanistic principles is not possible. In this connection, creation of a substantial and technological basis of the organization of inclusive education of children in the mode of distance learning is an extremely important for today social, moral and pedagogical problem. In its center are the development of the subject, granting equal opportunities to each pupil to build the individual educational trajectory, culturological cultivation of the person capable to take an independent position in relation to external conditions. Distance learning serves as strong and active technology of socialization of such children. However, in the theory and a technique of training, the problem of distance learning of children with disabilities is insufficiently solved that is caused by unavailability of most of teachers to apply these technologies. There is a contradiction between objective practical need of distance learning for children with disabilities and insufficient readiness of a theoretical and technological

  14. Evaluating oversight systems for emerging technologies: a case study of genetically engineered organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzma, Jennifer; Najmaie, Pouya; Larson, Joel

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. oversight system for genetically engineered organisms (GEOs) was evaluated to develop hypotheses and derive lessons for oversight of other emerging technologies, such as nanotechnology. Evaluation was based upon quantitative expert elicitation, semi-standardized interviews, and historical literature analysis. Through an interdisciplinary policy analysis approach, blending legal, ethical, risk analysis, and policy sciences viewpoints, criteria were used to identify strengths and weaknesses of GEOs oversight and explore correlations among its attributes and outcomes. From the three sources of data, hypotheses and broader conclusions for oversight were developed. Our analysis suggests several lessons for oversight of emerging technologies: the importance of reducing complexity and uncertainty in oversight for minimizing financial burdens on small product developers; consolidating multi-agency jurisdictions to avoid gaps and redundancies in safety reviews; consumer benefits for advancing acceptance of GEO products; rigorous and independent pre- and post-market assessment for environmental safety; early public input and transparency for ensuring public confidence; and the positive role of public input in system development, informed consent, capacity, compliance, incentives, and data requirements and stringency in promoting health and environmental safety outcomes, as well as the equitable distribution of health impacts. Our integrated approach is instructive for more comprehensive analyses of oversight systems, developing hypotheses for how features of oversight systems affect outcomes, and formulating policy options for oversight of future technological products, especially nanotechnology products.

  15. Computer and mobile technology-based interventions for substance use disorders: an organizing framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litvin, Erika B; Abrantes, Ana M; Brown, Richard A

    2013-03-01

    Research devoted to the development of therapeutic, behavioral interventions for substance use disorders (SUDs) that can be accessed and delivered via computer and mobile technologies has increased rapidly during the past decade. Numerous recent reviews of this literature have supported the efficacy of technology-based interventions (TBIs), but have also revealed their great heterogeneity and a limited understanding of treatment mechanisms. We conducted a "review of reviews" focused on summarizing findings of previous reviews with respect to moderators of TBIs' efficacy, and present an organizing framework of considerations involved in designing and evaluating TBIs for SUDs. The four primary elements that comprise our framework are Accessibility, Usage, Human Contact, and Intervention Content, with several sub-elements within each category. We offer some suggested directions for future research grouped within these four primary considerations. We believe that technology affords unique opportunities to improve, support, and supplement therapeutic and peer relationships via dynamic applications that adapt to individuals' constantly changing motivation and treatment needs. We hope that our framework will aid in guiding programmatic progress in this exciting field.

  16. Aviation Technology Life Cycle Management: Importance for Aviation Companies, Aerospace Industry Organizations and Relevant Stakeholders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Szabo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper in the introductory part underlines some aspects concerning the importance of Aviation Technology Life Cycle Management and informs on basic international standards for the processes and stages of life cycle. The second part is focused on definition and main objectives of system life cycle management. The authors subsequently inform on system life cycle stages (in general and system life cycle processes according to ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015 standard. Following the fact, that life cycle cost (LCC is inseparable part and has direct connection to the life cycle management, the paper contains brief information regarding to LCC (cost categories, cost breakdown structure, cost estimation a.o.. Recently was issued the first part of Aviation Technology Life Cycle Management monograph (in Slovak: ”Manažment životného cyklu leteckej techniky I”, written by I.Koblen and S.Szabo. Following this fact and direct relation to the topic of article it is a part of article briefly introduced the content of two parts of this monograph (the 2nd part of monograph it has been prepared for the print. The last part of article is focused on issue concerning main assumptions and conditions for successful application of aviation technology life cycle management in aviation companies, aerospace industry organizations as well as from the relevant stakeholders side.

  17. WIAMan Technology Demonstrator Sensor Codes Conforming to International Organization for Standardization/Technical Standard (ISO/TS) 13499

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Standardization/Technical Standard ( ISO /TS) 13499 by Michael Tegtmeyer Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOTICES Disclaimers The findings...International Organization for Standardization/Technical Standard ( ISO /TS) 13499 by Michael TegtmeyerWIAMan Engineering Office, ARL Approved for public...WIAMan Technology Demonstrator Sensor Codes Conforming to International Organization for Standardization/Technical Standard ( ISO /TS) 13499 Michael

  18. Bioactive Foamed Emulsion Reactor: A New Technology for Biotreatment of Airborne Volatile Organic Compound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Ghorbani Shahna

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Biological treatment is a new established technology for the air pollutants. This technology can be an alternative for physical and chemical treatment methods. Among bioreators, the Bioactive Foamed Emulsion Reactor (BFER is a new alternative that has not the problems of the conventional ones. In this reactor bed clogging in the conventional bioreactor was resolved by bioactive foam as a substitute of packing bed. The pollutant absorption has been increased using biocompatible organic phase in liquid .This reactor can be used for higher inlet toluene concentration. The objective of this study was designing and optimizing the operational parameters of BFER for toluene treatment.Materials & Methods: In the first step of this experimental-analytic study, the toluene degradation microorganisms were identified, extracted and concentrated for injection to bioreactor. Then the effect of several parameters such as Kind and concentration of organic phase,and residence time oxygen content on bioreactor performance were studied and the optimum conditions were selected for continuous operation. The continuous operation of bioreactor was monitored at the optimum conditions.Results: Experimental results showed that the residence time of 15s, oxygen content of 40%, and the 4 % (v/v n-hexadecane as organic phase were the optimum conditions. The average elimination capacity (EC and removal efficiency of bioreactor were 231.68 g/m3h and 88.44% respectively for the inlet concentration about of 1 g/m3. The statistical developed model predicted that the maximum EC of this reactor could reach to 426.21 g/m3h.Conclusion: Since the elimination capacity of this reactor is several times more than the other bioreactors, it has the potential to be applied instead of biofilters and biotrickling filters.

  19. Development of Information Technologies in Slovak Small and Medium Enterprises From the Point of View of a Learning Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minárová Martina

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with information technologies from the knowledge management perspective. A partial objective of the research within the project VEGA 1/0638/08 was to find out how much of the knowledge of information technology is used by managers, and thus the overall readiness of small and medium enterprises in the creation of a learning organization. In the current, constantly changing environment, it is essential to elaborate on the need for the development of information technologies in an organization.

  20. Removal of organic wastewater contaminants in septic systems using advanced treatment technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, J.D.; Bahr, J.M.; Hedman, C.J.; Hemming, J.D.C.; Barman, M.A.E.; Bradbury, K.R.

    2009-01-01

    The detection of pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants (OWCs) in ground water and surface-water bodies has raised concerns about the possible ecological impacts of these compounds on nontarget organisms. On-site wastewater treatment systems represent a potentially significant route of entry for organic contaminants to the environment. In this study, effluent samples were collected and analyzed from conventional septic systems and from systems using advanced treatment technologies. Six of 13 target compounds were detected in effluent from at least one septic system. Caffeine, paraxanthine, and acetaminophen were the most frequently detected compounds, and estrogenic activity was detected in 14 of 15 systems. The OWC concentrations were significantly lower in effluent after sand filtration (p advanced treatment. In general, concentrations in conventional systems were comparable to those measured in previous studies of municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) influent, and concentrations in systems after advanced treatment were comparable to previously measured concentrations in WWTP effluent. These data indicate that septic systems using advanced treatment can reduce OWCs in treated effluent to similar concentrations as municipal WWTPs. Copyright ?? 2009 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. All rights reserved.

  1. Green Technology for the Removal of Chloro-Organics from Pulp and Paper Mill Wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhary, Ashutosh Kumar; Kumar, Satish; Sharma, Chhaya; Kumar, Vivek

    2015-07-01

    This study evaluates the treatment efficiency of a horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland (HSSF-CW) for the removal of chloro-organic compounds from pulp and paper mill wastewater. The surface area of the HSSF-CW unit was 5.25 m² and was planted with Colocasia esculenta. The wastewater was characterized for different chloro-organic compounds, that is, adsorbable organic halides (AOX), chlorophenolics, and chlorinated resin and fatty acids (cRFAs). Under a hydraulic retention time of 5.9 days, the average AOX, chlorophenolics, and cRFA removal from wastewater was 87, 87, and 93%, respectively. Some of the chlorophenolics were found to accumulate in the plant biomass and soil material. The mass balance studies show that a significant fraction of chlorophenolics and cRFA was degraded in the constructed wetland system. Modeling studies were carried out to estimate the first-order area-based removal rate constants (k) for chemical oxygen demand removal. The HSSF-CW was found to be an effective treatment technology for the remediation of pulp and paper mill wastewater.

  2. Effects of pre-treatment technologies on quantity and quality of source-sorted municipal organic waste for biogas recovery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Trine Lund; Jansen, J.l.C.; Davidsson, Å.

    2007-01-01

    , collection bag material (plastic or paper) and easily degradable organic matter. Furthermore, the particle size of the biomass was related to the pre-treatment technology. The content of plastic in the biomass depended both on the actual collection bag material used in the system and the pre......-treatment technology. The sampled reject consisted mostly of organic matter. For cities using plastic bags for the source-separated organic waste, the expected content of plastic in the reject was up to 10% wet weight (in some cases up to 20%). Batch tests for methane potential of the biomass samples showed only minor...

  3. Development and analysis of educational technologies for a blended organic chemistry course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Michael James

    Blended courses incorporate elements of both face-to-face and online instruction. The extent to which blended courses are conducted online, and the proper role of the online components of blended courses, have been debated and may vary. What can be said in general, however, is that online tools for blended courses are typically culled together from a variety of sources, are often very large scale, and may present distractions for students that decrease their utility as teaching tools. Furthermore, large-scale educational technologies may not be amenable to rigorous, detailed study, limiting evaluation of their effectiveness. Small-scale educational technologies run from the instructor's own server have the potential to mitigate many of these issues. Such tools give the instructor or researcher direct access to all available data, facilitating detailed analysis of student use. Code modification is simple and rapid if errors arise, since code is stored where the instructor can easily access it. Finally, the design of a small-scale tool can target a very specific application. With these ideas in mind, this work describes several projects aimed at exploring the use of small-scale, web-based software in a blended organic chemistry course. A number of activities were developed and evaluated using the Student Assessment of Learning Gains survey, and data from the activities were analyzed using quantitative methods of statistics and social network analysis methods. Findings from this work suggest that small-scale educational technologies provide significant learning benefits for students of organic chemistry---with the important caveat that instructors must offer appropriate levels of technical and pedagogical support for students. Most notably, students reported significant learning gains from activities that included collaborative learning supported by novel online tools. For the particular context of organic chemistry, which has a unique semantic language (Lewis

  4. The quality of eggs (organic and nutraceutical vs. conventional) and their technological properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filipiak-Florkiewicz, Agnieszka; Deren, Katarzyna; Florkiewicz, Adam; Topolska, Kinga; Juszczak, Leslaw; Cieslik, Ewa

    2017-07-01

    The aim of the study was to compare the quality of commercially available eggs: organic (attested organic farm) - OE, nutraceutical (enriched in n-3 fatty acids) - NE, vs. conventional (cage raising system) - CE and their technological (emulsifying) properties. Their basic chemical composition (i.e., moisture, protein, fat, ash) as well as mineral (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu) contents were assessed, and fatty acid profiles were determined. Next, the suitability of the eggs for mayonnaise production was assessed.The yolk of organic eggs contained the highest protein (17.7 g/100 g), K (134.7 mg/kg), and Cu (0.15 mg/kg) levels. Meanwhile, the yolk of conventional eggs was the most abundant in Mg (14.6 mg/kg) and Fe (9.05 mg/kg), and the nutraceutical ones - in Ca (109.0 mg/kg) as well as Mn (0.26 mg/kg). Albumen of organic eggs contained the highest level of protein (13.0 g/100 g), whereas the nutraceutical ones contained the highest levels of - ash (1.2 g/100 g), K (150.2 mg/kg), Zn (0.11 mg/kg), and Mn (0.04 mg/kg). Nutraceutical eggs contained a higher amount of n-3 and monounsaturated fatty acids but also smaller saturated fatty acids content. This beneficial fatty acids profile is particularly important from the nutritional point of view. Despite the lack of differences in emulsifying properties among the studied eggs, the mayonnaises prepared on the basis of the nutraceutical eggs showed better stability. This attribute is very important for both the producer (during product transport) and the consumer (during dish preparation). © 2017 Poultry Science Association Inc.

  5. THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES ON THE ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING OF THE COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin Florentin Dumitru

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The companies became more complex in terms of corporate structure and geographical area because of the globalization process and they are facing a higher and higher data volume, with a higher and higher competition level, especially during crisis moments, which makes the use of the information technologies (IT a competitive advantage. The objective of this research was to prove the impact of the IT on the company. To this extent, we conducted an empirical research. We launched five hypotheses and in the end we proved that there is a dependency relationship between the size of a company and its degree of use of the IT, between the decision of use of the IT within a company and the organization and the functioning of the company, between the existence of the Internet in a company and its use for various purposes.

  6. Dynamic self-organization phenomena in complex ionized gas systems: new paradigms and technological aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vladimirov, S. V.; Ostrikov, K.

    2004-04-01

    An overview of dynamic self-organization phenomena in complex ionized gas systems, associated physical phenomena, and industrial applications is presented. The most recent experimental, theoretical, and modeling efforts to understand the growth mechanisms and dynamics of nano- and micron-sized particles, as well as the unique properties of the plasma-particle systems (colloidal, or complex plasmas) and the associated physical phenomena are reviewed and the major technological applications of micro- and nanoparticles are discussed. Until recently, such particles were considered mostly as a potential hazard for the microelectronic manufacturing and significant efforts were applied to remove them from the processing volume or suppress the gas-phase coagulation. Nowadays, fine clusters and particulates find numerous challenging applications in fundamental science as well as in nanotechnology and other leading high-tech industries.

  7. A COMPETITIVE MODEL BASED IN FREE SOFTWARE TOOLS FOR THE TECHNOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONS - THE PROMOTION OF THE CORPORATIVE KNOWLEDGE AND THE TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION IN A TECHNOLOGICAL UNDERGRADUATE COURSE

    OpenAIRE

    Rubens Araújo de Oliveira; Mário Lucio Roloff

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the thematic of the technological management, where the research is focused on the choice of the best technological free software tools for the promotion of the knowledge management. This article evidences the hypothesis that it is possible to adopt the knowledge management with the union and customization of the free software tools. In such a way, any organization can act in the technological management and apply the politics of knowledge management, either to a micro-c...

  8. Emerged/Emerging Disruptive Technologies (E2DT) (Technologies de rupture apparues/emergentes (E2DT)). Proceedings of the RTO Information Systems Technology Panel (IST) Symposium held in Madrid, Spain on 7-8 May 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    virtuelles en 3D et sur la gestion du spectre. • Session 3 Sécurité et robotique – Conférence n°3 (Prof. Raymond LAFLAMME, Université de Waterloo, CANADA...Sciences de l’information quantique, articles sur la distribution de clé quantique (QKD), la biométrie, et la robotique en qualité de membres

  9. Observações sôbre a produtividade de seringueiras (Hevea brasiliensis muell.-arg. plantadas de sementes: III - Estudo da produtividade de 507 plantas localizadas no hôrto florestal de Manaus Observations on the latex production of seedlings of rubber trees (Hevea brasiuensis muell.-arg: III - Study of 507 plants of the hôrto florestal, Manaus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz O. T. Mendes

    1960-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi feito um estudo da produtividade individual de 507 seringueiras existentes no Hôrto Florestal de Manaus, quando tinham de 24 a 27 anos de idade. As plantas foram estudadas em dois grupos, o primeiro sangrado de maio a outubro de 1944 e o segundo apenas em setembro e outubro. Os resultados mostram a existência de seringueiras de elevada capacidade de produção, que poderiam servir de base ao estabelecimento de novos clones. Revelam, também, a possibilidade da instalação de seringais de bom rendimento, mesmo a partir de mudas obtidas de sementes não selecionadas, desde que a plantação inicial seja feita em densidade bastante elevada, que permita eliminação posterior da maior porte da população, representada pelas plantas de baixa produtividade.The results of tapping 507 seedlings of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell.-Arg,, 24 to 27 years old, are presented. The plants were studied in two groups, one containing 264 plants, the other 243. Based on the mean yield of the groups, respectively 31.55 and 16.79 cc of latex per tapping, it is believed that the plants of the first group were larger than those of the second. The tapping system adopted was a half-spiral cut, tapped every other day. The plants of the first group were tapped from May to October, 1944, averaging 58.25 cuts; those of the second group were tapped in September and October, 1944, averaging 26.93 cuts. The mean yield per tree was very variable, from 2.0 to 238.2 cc of latex per tapping in the first group, and from 0.8 to 107.6 cc in the second. The best plant of the first group (0.38% of the population yielded as much as 2,86% of the total latex production, ond in the second group the best plant (0.41% of the population yielded 2.64% of the latex. The data showed that after the first six tappings the best yielding plant was the n. 179; this result was confirmed after six months tapping. The study of the data showed the following results, respectively for the 264

  10. A study on radiation technological degradation of organic chloride wastewater--exemplified by TCE and PCE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Sheng-Kai; Hsieh, Ling-Ling; Chen, Chia-Chieh; Lee, Po-Hsiu; Hsieh, Bor-Tsung

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the potential of using gamma radiation technology to degrade trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE) wastewater. The experimental method is divided into two parts: (1) using the gamma-ray to irradiate the TCE and PCE solution, the dose-rate is 10Gy/minute, the irradiation dosage is 0-2.5kGy and (2) self-making the UV irradiation system, the tube specification is 254nm and 6W, and turning on 8 tubes at the same time to make the irradiation. The efficiency of degradation ratio for gamma-ray is better than UV in the range of 0.1-250ppm; for example, as for the concentration of 0.1ppm, when TCE is degraded to D(90) and T(90), the gamma-ray only needed 46.7Gy and took about 4.67 minutes, but UV needed to take about 28.1 minutes. The dose-concentration equations of TCE and PCE are: TCE: y=44.58+8.832x, R(2)=0.999; and PCE: y=81.33+12.81x, R(2)=0.997. We verified that the radiation technology is able to effectively degrade the organic chlorine wastewater without yielding the secondary pollution, and the TCE and PCE that degraded by using gamma-ray will be reached US-EPA and Taiwan Effluent Standard (5ppb).

  11. Removal of organic micropollutants in surface and groundwater using advanced oxidation technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urkiaga, A.; Barcena, L.; Fuentes, L. de las [GAIKER Technological Centre, Parque Tecnologico, Zamudio (Bizkaia) (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    Today more than ever, there is a public concern about the importance of having water of proven quality, as urban and industrial development are highly dependent on an abundant and safe water supply. Traces of organic micropollutants have been found in natural and drinking water. Some of these water pollutants have teratogenic, mutagenic or carcinogenic effects even in minimal quantities (ppb) so actual regulations, the water framework directive 2000/60/CE and the drinking water directive (98/83/CE), have established new and more stringent standards. Emerging technologies as the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are expanding as very promising technologies to remove these compounds and consequently to obtain water of high quality. In this work, several compounds representing different micropollutant groups were selected: VOCs (TCE), gasoline derivatives (MTBE), pesticides and other endocrine disruptors (PCBs and Bisphenol-A). The viability of using advanced oxidation processes to eliminate these different compounds was evaluated. The efficiency of the removal has been proven, however to fulfil with the legislation limits a polishing step would be needed in most cases. Although very high removals have been obtained for the different compounds, mineralisation rates have been quite lower and intermediate compounds have been detected. Consequently, higher mineralisation rates and a more profusely study of the effects of the generated intermediates would be needed. (orig.)

  12. Polymer and organic solar cells viewed as thin film technologies: What it will take for them to become a success outside academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, Frederik C; Jørgensen, Mikkel

    2013-01-01

    The polymer and organic solar cell technology is critically presented in the context of other thin film technologies with a specific focus on what it will take to make them a commercial success. The academic success of polymer and organic solar cells far outweigh any other solar cell technology w...

  13. Network Technologies for Networked Terrorists: Assessing the Value of Information and Communication Technologies to Modern Terrorist Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    society’s essential physical assets and natural resources and to enhance the related social assets of safety and security of individuals in transit...relay chat LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MMOG massively multiplayer online game MRTA Movimiento ...Technologies for Networked Terrorists Developing a strategy: Terrorist actions are intended to accomplish political or social goals. To guide its actions, a

  14. Technology Development and Implementation in the Public Health Institutions: A Strategic and Pedagogical Task for the Learning Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle

    2004-01-01

    The article presents two overall problem issues for IT in the health sector. A strategic problem: Which organization structure and which work routines should be enhanced by technology? A pedagogical problem: How does the personnel learn to think, act and express work through IT-tools? The suggest......-implementation in the secondary sector. The investigation indicated that the use of IT is a learning process which requires three types of knowledge and that continued IT-development in the organization requires a new fourth knowledge. reciprocal demands terms......The article presents two overall problem issues for IT in the health sector. A strategic problem: Which organization structure and which work routines should be enhanced by technology? A pedagogical problem: How does the personnel learn to think, act and express work through IT-tools? The suggested...... solution is to put technology development and implementation together within a theoretical frame for the learning organization where and exist for both the IT-tools and the personnel. The personnel makes demands to which goals should be reached through technology and technology demands that the personnel...

  15. Learning teams and networks: using information technology as a means of managing work process development in healthcare organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korhonen, Vesa; Paavilainen, Eija

    2002-01-01

    This article focuses on the introduction of team learning and shared knowledge creation using computer-based learning environments and teams as networks in the development of healthcare organizations. Using computer technology, care units can be considered learning teams and the hospital a network of those learning teams. Team learning requires that the healthcare workers' intellectual capital and personal competence be viewed as an important resource in developing the quality of action of the entire healthcare organization.

  16. Intelligent Self-Organized Robust Control Design based on Quantum/Soft Computing Technologies and Kansei Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Ulyanov

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available System of systems engineering technology describes the possibility of ill-defined (autonomous or hierarchically connected dynamic control system design that includes human decision making in unpredicted (unforeseen control situations. Kansei/Affective Engineering technology and its toolkit include qualitative description of human being emotion, instinct and intuition that are used effectively in design processes of smart/wise robotics and intelligent mechatronics. In presented report the way how these technologies can be married using new types of unconventional computational intelligence is described. System analysis of interrelations between these two important technologies is discussed. The solution of an important problem as robust intelligent control system design based on quantum knowledge base self-organization in unpredicted control situations and information risk is proposed. The background of applied unconventional computational intelligence is soft and quantum computing technologies. Applications of the developed approach in robust integrated fuzzy intelligent control systems are considered using concrete Benchmarks.

  17. MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION PROCESSES IN AN ORGANIZATION ON THE BASIS OF COST APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    Dokukina, I.

    2014-01-01

    The process of innovation management within the intensive economic development includes a number in a sequence of scientific, technological, industrial, institutional and commercial work, leading to an increase in its profits by increasing the productivity of labor and equipment, reducing production costs and improving product quality. In turn, technological innovation is an innovation in technology, improvements in technology, the use of fundamentally new technologies in the production of ma...

  18. Polymer and organic solar cells viewed as thin film technologies: What it will take for them to become a success outside academia

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs, Frederik C.; Jørgensen, Mikkel

    2013-01-01

    The polymer and organic solar cell technology is critically presented in the context of other thin film technologies with a specific focus on what it will take to make them a commercial success. The academic success of polymer and organic solar cells far outweigh any other solar cell technology when judging by the number of scientific publications whereas the application of polymer and organic solar cells in real products is completely lacking. This aspect is viewed as a sign of the polymer a...

  19. TECHNOLOGIES OF SYNTHESIS OF ORGANIC SUBSTANCES BY MICROORGANISMS USING WASTE BIODIESEL PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirog T. P.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe here literature and our experimental data concerning microbial synthesis using waste biodiesel production, mono- and dihydric alcohols (1,3-propanediol, 2,3-butanediol, butanol, ethanol, polyols (mannitol, erythritol, arabitol, organic acids (citric, succinic, lactic, glyceric, polymers and compounds with a complex structure (polysaccharides, polyhydroxyalkanoates, surfactants, cephalosporin, cyanocobalamin. In some mentioned cases recombinant producer strains were used. It was shown that due to the presence of potential inhibitors in the composition of technical (crude glycerol (methanol, sodium and potassium salts, the efficiency of synthesis of most microbial products on such a substrate is lower than on the purified glycerol. However, the need of utilization of this toxic waste (storage and processing of crude glycerol is a serious environmental problem due to the high alkalinity and the content of methanol in it, compensates the lower rates of synthesis of the final product. Furthermore, currently considering the volumes of crude glycerol formed during the production of biodiesel, microbial technologies are preferred for its utilization, allowing realizing biosynthesis of practically valuable metabolites in the environment with the highest possible concentration of this waste. Using of crude glycerol as a substrate will reduce the cost of products of microbial synthesis and increase the profitability of biodiesel production.

  20. Measuring the Knowledge Base of an Economy in terms of Triple-Helix Relations among 'Technology, Organization, and Territory'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.A. Dolfsma (Wilfred); L. Leydesdorff; G. van der Panne

    2004-01-01

    textabstractThe interrelationships among technology, organization, and territory in an economic system have been considered as a 'holy trinity' from the perspective of regional development studies. The mutual information in three dimensions was proposed as an indicator of the surplus value (entropy)

  1. Faculty Perceptions about Teaching Online: Exploring the Literature Using the Technology Acceptance Model as an Organizing Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingo, Nancy Pope; Ivankova, Nataliya V.; Moss, Jacqueline A.

    2017-01-01

    Academic leaders can better implement institutional strategic plans to promote online programs if they understand faculty perceptions about teaching online. An extended version of a model for technology acceptance, or TAM2 (Venkatesh & Davis, 2000), provided a framework for surveying and organizing the research literature about factors that…

  2. Measuring the knowledge base of an economy in terms of triple-helix relations among 'technology, organization, and territory'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leydesdorff, L.; Dolfsma, W.; van der Panne, G.; Viale, R.; Etzkowitz, H.

    2010-01-01

    Can the knowledge base of an economy be measured? In this study, we combine the perspective of regional economics on the interrelationships among technology, organization, and territory with the triple-helix model, and offer the mutual information in three dimensions as an indicator of the

  3. Measuring the Knowledge Base of an Economy in terms of Triple-Helix Relations among 'Technology, Organization, and Territory'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.A. Dolfsma (Wilfred); L. Leydesdorff; G. van der Panne

    2004-01-01

    textabstractThe interrelationships among technology, organization, and territory in an economic system have been considered as a 'holy trinity' from the perspective of regional development studies. The mutual information in three dimensions was proposed as an indicator of the surplus value (entropy)

  4. Guidelines for the Organization of Short Courses and Workshops on the Dissemination of Data in Science and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, David G.

    This document presents guidelines on the organization of short courses and workshops on the dissemination of data in science and technology. Such courses can be either of a "stand-alone" nature or they can constitute scientific data components of more general courses in information science. These courses are intended for documentalists,…

  5. Measuring the knowledge base of an economy in terms of triple-helix relations among 'technology, organization, and territory'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leydesdorff, L.; Dolfsma, W.; van der Panne, G.; Viale, R.; Etzkowitz, H.

    2010-01-01

    Can the knowledge base of an economy be measured? In this study, we combine the perspective of regional economics on the interrelationships among technology, organization, and territory with the triple-helix model, and offer the mutual information in three dimensions as an indicator of the configura

  6. The Impact of Virtual Collaboration and Collaboration Technologies on Knowledge Transfer and Team Performance in Distributed Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngoma, Ngoma Sylvestre

    2013-01-01

    Virtual teams are increasingly viewed as a powerful determinant of competitive advantage in geographically distributed organizations. This study was designed to provide insights into the interdependencies between virtual collaboration, collaboration technologies, knowledge transfer, and virtual team performance in an effort to understand whether…

  7. Organizational Learning as an Organization Development Intervention in Six High-Technology Firms in Taiwan: An Exploratory Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Bella Ya-Hui; Hung, Richard Y.; McLean, Gary N.

    2007-01-01

    Organizational learning (OL) is about how individuals collect, absorb, and transform information into organizational memory and knowledge. This case study explored how six high-technology firms in Taiwan chose OL as an organization development intervention strategy. Issues included how best to implement OL; how individuals, teams, and…

  8. The Impact of Virtual Collaboration and Collaboration Technologies on Knowledge Transfer and Team Performance in Distributed Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngoma, Ngoma Sylvestre

    2013-01-01

    Virtual teams are increasingly viewed as a powerful determinant of competitive advantage in geographically distributed organizations. This study was designed to provide insights into the interdependencies between virtual collaboration, collaboration technologies, knowledge transfer, and virtual team performance in an effort to understand whether…

  9. How organic farming of wheat may affect the sourdough and the nutritional and technological features of leavened baked goods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontonio, Erica; Rizzello, Carlo G; Di Cagno, Raffaella; Dousset, Xavier; Clément, Héliciane; Filannino, Pasquale; Onno, Bernard; Gobbetti, Marco

    2016-12-19

    Organic farming is gaining broad recognition as a system that complies well with sustainability, an overarching principle that should drive agriculture now and in the coming year. Different cultivars and products can harbour different abundances of specific bacterial groups, farming system may influence the composition and abundances of microbial communities found on food product. Despite the growing interest towards organic foods, we still have a limited understanding of the diversity of food-associated microbial communities and the factors that influence the composition of these communities. Consumers in developed nations are commonly exposed to differences in farming practices through their choice between organic and conventionally farmed foods. Organic farming practices can differ from conventional farming practices in a variety of ways, including the types of fertilizer and pesticides that are used. This review aiming to gather current knowledge on chemical, technological, toxicological and functional properties and microbiota composition of wheat flours originating from organic and conventional farming systems and how the use of these may affect the sourdough fermentation and breadmaking. Sourdough fermentation is the most natural and best-performing process to ensure optimal sensory and functional characteristics. It fits perfectly into the processing chain that starts with the organic farming, especially for old wheat varieties with weaker technological properties. Recently, organic and sourdough microbiota diversity was investigated and in some case a comparison between organic and conventional microbial ecosystem was also carried out. Opposites evidences arise. Once a higher diversity of lactic acid bacteria species was found in conventional wheat sourdoughs, while when the diversity of Firmicutes was investigated, organic sourdoughs showed the highest complexity. When occurring, the differences between conventional and organic sourdough microbiota and

  10. Business Model Change Methodology: Applying New Technology in Organization: The Case of Mobile Technology in Learning Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Nastaran Hajiheydari; Payam Hanafizadeh

    2013-01-01

    The present study intends to design a methodology for examining the influence of modern information and communication technology on business models (BMs). Theoretical framework is mainly selected based on literature as well as consultation with expert focus groups. This methodology is validated by expert judgment and simulated as a real case applying system dynamics. The outcome of the survey includes a change methodology formulated in 5 phases and 37 activities. Not only has this study cover...

  11. Evaluation of a new pulping technology for pre-treating source-separated organic household waste prior to anaerobic digestion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naroznova, Irina; Møller, Jacob; Larsen, Bjarne

    2016-01-01

    A new technology for pre-treating source-separated organic household waste prior to anaerobic digestion was assessed, and its performance was compared to existing alternative pre-treatment technologies. This pre-treatment technology is based on waste pulping with water, using a specially developed...... screw mechanism. The pre-treatment technology rejects more than 95% (wet weight) of non-biodegradable impurities in waste collected from households and generates biopulp ready for anaerobic digestion. Overall, 84-99% of biodegradable material (on a dry weight basis) in the waste was recovered...... in the biopulp. The biochemical methane potential for the biopulp was 469±7mL CH4/g ash-free mass. Moreover, all Danish and European Union requirements regarding the content of hazardous substances in biomass intended for land application were fulfilled. Compared to other pre-treatment alternatives, the screw...

  12. Using health information technology to manage a patient population in accountable care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Frances M; Rundall, Thomas G; Shortell, Stephen M; Bloom, Joan R

    2016-06-20

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to describe the current landscape of health information technology (HIT) in early accountable care organizations (ACOs), the different strategies ACOs are using to develop HIT-based capabilities, and how ACOs are using these capabilities within their care management processes to advance health outcomes for their patient population. Design/methodology/approach - Mixed methods study pairing data from a cross-sectional National Survey of ACOs with in-depth, semi-structured interviews with leaders from 11 ACOs (both completed in 2013). Findings - Early ACOs vary widely in their electronic health record, data integration, and analytic capabilities. The most common HIT capability was drug-drug and drug-allergy interaction checks, with 53.2 percent of respondents reporting that the ACO possessed the capability to a high degree. Outpatient and inpatient data integration was the least common HIT capability (8.1 percent). In the interviews, ACO leaders commented on different HIT development strategies to gain a more comprehensive picture of patient needs and service utilization. ACOs realize the necessity for robust data analytics, and are exploring a variety of approaches to achieve it. Research limitations/implications - Data are self-reported. The qualitative portion was based on interviews with 11 ACOs, limiting generalizability to the universe of ACOs but allowing for a range of responses. Practical implications - ACOs are challenged with the development of sophisticated HIT infrastructure. They may benefit from targeted assistance and incentives to implement health information exchanges with other providers to promote more coordinated care management for their patient population. Originality/value - Using new empirical data, this study increases understanding of the extent of ACOs' current and developing HIT capabilities to support ongoing care management.

  13. THE IMPACT OF INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY AND ORGANIZATION ON GROWTH OF A CREATIVE INDUSTRY: THE CASE OF BANDUNG CITY IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teuku Abudallah Sanny

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present an evaluation of the development of new innovation technology and organization innovation in Bandung. Bandung is famous for its good atmosphere for creative industries’ activities in Indonesia and has more than 150 companies which have turned into creative industries. In the Global City Competitiveness Index, Bandung ranks 150th and the rank is estimated to increase up to 5 grades higher in 2025 above Karachi, Hanoi, and Nairobi. Indonesian government has embarked on numerous approaches to promote various innovations, including innovation in technology because innovation is a powerful idea to implement the application of innovation in order to create new various products of technologies, new processes, and new services. The biggest problem faced by Bandung’s creative industries is the culture of innovation in the organization especially in the small and medium-sized enterprises. This paper will discuss the impact of innovation technology on creative industries and how to manage an organization in order to attain the growth required.

  14. Technology-based management of environmental organizations using an Environmental Management Information System (EMIS): Design and development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouziokas, Georgios N.

    2016-01-01

    The adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in environmental management has become a significant demand nowadays with the rapid growth of environmental information. This paper presents a prototype Environmental Management Information System (EMIS) that was developed to provide a systematic way of managing environmental data and human resources of an environmental organization. The system was designed using programming languages, a Database Management System (DBMS) and other technologies and programming tools and combines information from the relational database in order to achieve the principal goals of the environmental organization. The developed application can be used to store and elaborate information regarding: human resources data, environmental projects, observations, reports, data about the protected species, environmental measurements of pollutant factors or other kinds of analytical measurements and also the financial data of the organization. Furthermore, the system supports the visualization of spatial data structures by using geographic information systems (GIS) and web mapping technologies. This paper describes this prototype software application, its structure, its functions and how this system can be utilized to facilitate technology-based environmental management and decision-making process.

  15. An evaluation framework for Health Information Systems: human, organization and technology-fit factors (HOT-fit).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusof, Maryati Mohd; Kuljis, Jasna; Papazafeiropoulou, Anastasia; Stergioulas, Lampros K

    2008-06-01

    The realization of Health Information Systems (HIS) requires rigorous evaluation that addresses technology, human and organization issues. Our review indicates that current evaluation methods evaluate different aspects of HIS and they can be improved upon. A new evaluation framework, human, organization and technology-fit (HOT-fit) was developed after having conducted a critical appraisal of the findings of existing HIS evaluation studies. HOT-fit builds on previous models of IS evaluation--in particular, the IS Success Model and the IT-Organization Fit Model. This paper introduces the new framework for HIS evaluation that incorporates comprehensive dimensions and measures of HIS and provides a technological, human and organizational fit. Literature review on HIS and IS evaluation studies and pilot testing of developed framework. The framework was used to evaluate a Fundus Imaging System (FIS) of a primary care organization in the UK. The case study was conducted through observation, interview and document analysis. The main findings show that having the right user attitude and skills base together with good leadership, IT-friendly environment and good communication can have positive influence on the system adoption. Comprehensive, specific evaluation factors, dimensions and measures in the new framework (HOT-fit) are applicable in HIS evaluation. The use of such a framework is argued to be useful not only for comprehensive evaluation of the particular FIS system under investigation, but potentially also for any Health Information System in general.

  16. Organ-on-a-chip technology and microfluidic whole-body models for pharmacokinetic drug toxicity screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jong Bum; Sung, Jong Hwan

    2013-11-01

    Microscale cell culture platforms better mimic the in vivo cellular microenvironment than conventional, macroscale systems. Microscale cultures therefore elicit a more authentic response from cultured cells, enabling physiologically realistic in vitro tissue models to be constructed. The fabrication of interconnecting microchambers and microchannels allows drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination to be simulated, and enables precise manipulation of fluid flow to replicate blood circulation. Complex, multi-organ interactions can be investigated using "organ-on-a-chip" toxicology screens. By reproducing the dynamics of multi-organ interaction, the dynamics of various diseases and drug activities can be studied in mechanistic detail. In this review, we summarize the current status of technologies related to pharmacokinetic-based drug toxicity testing, and the use of microtechnology for reproducing the interaction between multiple organs. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Effects of Market, E-Marketing, and Technology Orientations on Innovativeness and Performance in Turkish Health Organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutlu, Hanifi Murat; Sürer, Atilla

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the effects of strategic orientation on innovativeness and performance in health organizations in Turkey. We hypothesize that market, e-marketing, and technology orientations positively affect innovativeness and performance. Market and technology orientations are found not have a significant effect on performance, but e-marketing orientation and innovativeness have a significant and positive effect. We also investigate indirect effects on innovativeness and performance. The analyses of direct and indirect effects are an important contribution to understanding relationships among research variables.

  18. Knowledge Domain and Emerging Trends in Organic Photovoltaic Technology: A Scientometric Review Based on CiteSpace Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Fengjun; Li, Chengzhi; Sun, Jiangman; Zhang, Lianjie

    2017-01-01

    To study the rapid growth of research on organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology, development trends in the relevant research are analyzed based on CiteSpace software of text mining and visualization in scientific literature. By this analytical method, the outputs and cooperation of authors, the hot research topics, the vital references and the development trend of OPV are identified and visualized. Different from the traditional review articles by the experts on OPV, this work provides a new method of visualizing information about the development of the OPV technology research over the past decade quantitatively.

  19. Effects of market, e-marketing, and technology orientations on innovativeness and performance in Turkish health organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutlu, Hanifi Murat; Sürer, Atilla

    2016-01-01

    This article investigates the effects of strategic orientation on innovativeness and performance in health organizations in Turkey. We test hypotheses that market, e-marketing, and technology orientations positively affect innovativeness and performance. Market and technology orientations are found not have a significant effect on performance, but e-marketing orientation and innovativeness have a significant and positive effect. We also investigate indirect effects on innovativeness and performance. The analyses of direct and indirect effects are an important contribution to understanding relationships among research variables.

  20. Cost of organic waste technologies: A case study for New Jersey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gal Hochman

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the benefits of converting food waste and manure to biogas and/or fertilizer, while focusing on four available waste treatment technologies: direct combustion, landfilling, composting, and anaerobic digestion. These four alternative technologies were simulated using municipal-level data on food waste and manure in New Jersey. The criteria used to assess the four technologies include technological productivity, economic benefits, and impact on land scarcity. Anaerobic digestion with gas collection has the highest technological productivity; using anaerobic digesters would supply electricity to nearly ten thousand families in New Jersey. In terms of economic benefits, the landfill to gas method is the least costly method of treating waste. In comparison, direct combustion is by far the most costly method of all four waste-to-energy technologies.

  1. HAWAII PUBLIC OPINION ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM (GMO) TECHNOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    Ferguson, Carol; Chan-Halbrendt, Catherine; Wen, Na

    2002-01-01

    This article studied Hawaii public opinion on agricultural products and processes using GMO technology. We used telephone to interview the people in each island of Hawaii. We found out that the favorability rating toward the attributes of GMO technological application differ based on the nature of GMO benefits. And sociodemographic variables played a significant difference in the preference of using GMO technology on producing agricultural products and process. Most significant associations w...

  2. Occurrence and removal of organic micropollutants in the treatment of landfill leachate by combined anaerobic-membrane bioreactor technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Yiping; ZHOU Yiqi; WANG Donghong; CHEN Shaohua; LIU Junxin; WANG Zijian

    2008-01-01

    Organic micropollutants, with high toxicity and environmental concern, are present in the landfill leachate at much lower levels than total organic constituents (chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), or total organic carbon (TOC)), and few has been known for their behaviors in different treatment processes. In this study, occurrence and removal of 17 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), 16 polycyelic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and technical 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) in landfill leachate in a combined anaerobic-membrane bioreactor (MBR) were investigated. Chemical analyses were performed in leachates sampled from different treatment processes, using solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography with electron capture detector and mass spectrometry.Concentrations of OCPs, PAHs, and 4-NP in the raw leachate were detected within the range from ND (not detected) to 595.2 ng/L,which were as low as only 10-7-10-5 percentage of TOC (at the concentration of 2,962 mg/L). The removal of 4-NP was mainly established in the MBR process, in agreement with removals of COD, BOD, and TOC. However, the removals of OCPs and PAHs were different, mainly achieved in the anaerobic process. High removal efliciencies of both total organic constituents and organic micropollutants could be achieved by the combined anaerobic-MBR technology. The removal efficiencies of total organic constituents were in the order of BOD (99%) > COD (89%) > TOC (87%), whereas the removal efficiencies of investigated organic micropollutants were as follows: OCPs (94%) > 4-NP (77%) > PAHs (59%).

  3. Technological process and optimum design of organic materials vacuum pyrolysis and indium chlorinated separation from waste liquid crystal display panels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, En; Xu, Zhenming

    2013-12-15

    In this study, a technology process including vacuum pyrolysis and vacuum chlorinated separation was proposed to convert waste liquid crystal display (LCD) panels into useful resources using self-design apparatuses. The suitable pyrolysis temperature and pressure are determined as 300°C and 50 Pa at first. The organic parts of the panels were converted to oil (79.10 wt%) and gas (2.93 wt%). Then the technology of separating indium was optimized by central composite design (CCD) under response surface methodology (RSM). The results indicated the indium recovery ratio was 99.97% when the particle size is less than 0.16 mm, the weight percentage of NH4Cl to glass powder is 50 wt% and temperature is 450°C. The research results show that the organic materials, indium and glass of LCD panel can be recovered during the recovery process efficiently and eco-friendly.

  4. Forging a Fit between Technology and Morality. The Dutch Debate on Organ Transplants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swierstra, T.; van de Bovenkamp, H.; Trappenburg, M.J.

    2010-01-01

    Because technologies and morals co-evolve, modern societies have to become adept at techno-moral learning, or the art of ‘reflective’ co-evolution. Developing this skill requires a better understanding of the various ways technology and morality challenge each other. With this aim in mind, we analys

  5. Forging a fit between technology and morality: the Dutch debate on organ transplants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Swierstra; H. van de Bovenkamp; M. Trappenburg

    2010-01-01

    Because technologies and morals co-evolve, modern societies have to become adept at techno-moral learning, or the art of ‘reflective’ co-evolution. Developing this skill requires a better understanding of the various ways technology and morality challenge each other. With this aim in mind, we analys

  6. Social organization and the evolution of cumulative technology in apes and hominins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradhan, Gauri R; Tennie, Claudio; van Schaik, Carel P

    2012-07-01

    Culturally supported accumulation (or ratcheting) of technological complexity is widely seen as characterizing hominin technology relative to that of the extant great apes, and thus as representing a threshold in cultural evolution. To explain this divide, we modeled the process of cultural accumulation of technology, which we defined as adding new actions to existing ones to create new functional combinations, based on a model for great ape tool use. The model shows that intraspecific and interspecific variation in the presence of simple and cumulative technology among extant orangutans and chimpanzees is largely due to variation in sociability, and hence opportunities for social learning. The model also suggests that the adoption of extensive allomaternal care (cooperative breeding) in early Pleistocene Homo, which led to an increase in sociability and to teaching, and hence increased efficiency of social learning, was enough to facilitate technological ratcheting. Hence, socioecological changes, rather than advances in cognitive abilities, can account for the cumulative cultural changes seen until the origin of the Acheulean. The consequent increase in the reliance on technology could have served as the pacemaker for increased cognitive abilities. Our results also suggest that a more important watershed in cultural evolution was the rise of donated culture (technology or concepts), in which technology or concepts was transferred to naïve individuals, allowing them to skip many learning steps, and specialization arose, which allowed individuals to learn only a subset of the population's skills. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Educational Technology Diffusion in Organizations: A Call for Systemic Vision and Organizational Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trentin, Guglielmo

    2012-01-01

    The research and development in Europe of new educational technologies and methodologies is in continuous progress. We are not, however, seeing at the same time an equally wide diffusion of these technologies and methodologies in organizational contexts (Blain, 2011). In short, there is a quite marked difference between the speed with which…

  8. Skills and Knowledge Needed to Serve as Mobile Technology Consultants for Information Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potnis, Devendra; Regenstreif-Harms, Reynard; Deosthali, Kanchan; Cortez, Ed; Allard, Suzie

    2016-01-01

    Libraries often lack the in-house information technology (IT) expertise required to (1) implement mobile applications and related technologies (MAT); (2) attain maximum return on investment including patron satisfaction for using MAT; and (3) reduce reliance on expensive IT consultants. Based on secondary analysis of the experiences and advice…

  9. Skills and Knowledge Needed to Serve as Mobile Technology Consultants for Information Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potnis, Devendra; Regenstreif-Harms, Reynard; Deosthali, Kanchan; Cortez, Ed; Allard, Suzie

    2016-01-01

    Libraries often lack the in-house information technology (IT) expertise required to (1) implement mobile applications and related technologies (MAT); (2) attain maximum return on investment including patron satisfaction for using MAT; and (3) reduce reliance on expensive IT consultants. Based on secondary analysis of the experiences and advice…

  10. Organic wastes decomposition technology, perspective for long-term autonomous missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viacheslav, Ilyin; Korshunov, Denis; Mardanov, Robert; Starkova, Lyubov; Deshevaya, Elena; Smirnov, Igor

    mesophylic association was used. Prevalence of cultures for purification was depended on pH of culture liquors. Chemical content of gaseous phase of cul-ture liquors was also studied. As it comes from chromatomass spectrometry data there was tremendous decrease of organic admixtures in liquid products of biodegradation after purifi-cation by fungal and bacterial cultures. These cultures were capable to support sustainable growth, feeding by metabolites of bacteria, which perform primary biodegradation. Also there was evaluated prospective of application of biofuel cells in the process of biotransformation of different substrates. Application of electrogenic bacteria could be perspective approach in wastes biodegradation technology.

  11. DISTANCE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN ORGANIZING SELF-STUDY WORK OF STUDENTS MAJORING IN PHILOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia V. Maiier

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, on the basis of the analysis of didactic potentialities of three kinds of distance learning technologies (case technology, Internet technology, TV technology, the feasibility of integrating case and Internet technologies to design an "electronic case" as a means of students' self-studying in e-learning of foreign languages and cultures is substantiated. The content of educational, monitoring, motivating and informative functions of the "electronic case" in self-studying is defined. The constituent features of the "electronic case" are described. The structure examples of the "electronic case" and its content for developing business letter writing and reading skills are given. To create an "electronic case" a course management system Moodle should be used as its educational potential enables implementation of the suggested requirements for its designing.

  12. Transforming Suzuki-Miyaura cross-couplings of MIDA boronates into a green technology: no organic solvents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isley, Nicholas A; Gallou, Fabrice; Lipshutz, Bruce H

    2013-11-27

    New technology has been developed that enables Suzuki-Miyaura couplings involving widely utilized MIDA boronates to be run in water as the only medium, mainly at room temperature. The protocol is such that no organic solvent is involved at any stage; from the reaction through to product isolation. Hence, using the E factor scale as a measure of greenness, the values for these cross-couplings approach zero.

  13. The Role of Youth Program Leaders in the Use of Technology: Challenges and Opportunities for Youth-Serving Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Nichter

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Youth-serving organizations offer young people an opportunity to gain skills and advance their knowledge of current and evolving technology through experiential learning. The key to ensuring that young people have meaningful learning experiences is directly related to the youth program leader who is responsible for designing and implementing these programs. Programs conducted by well-trained and well-prepared adults are an essential component of community-based interventions. To date, there is relatively limited research on how technology such as smart phones can be used in community-based programs and the success or failure of this as a strategy for delivering information and engaging young people in a program. In this paper, we discuss how technology was introduced into eight programs conducted by youth-serving organizations in the Southwest. We discuss the training of youth program leaders and their experience using technology at their sites, highlighting what worked and what was problematic, how challenges were overcome, and lessons learned.

  14. Development of combined biological technology for treatment of high-strength organic wastewater and results of case studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Nanqi; Wang, Aijie; Han, Hongjun; Ma, Fang; Ding, Jie; Shi, Yue; Zhao, Dan

    2006-10-01

    Our study group has developed a unique combined biological technology to treat high-strength organic wastewaters from the industries of dyestuff, pharmaceutical, chemical engineering and zymolysis by using the principles of anaerobic ecological niche and bio-phase separation. The study obtained five national invention patents and eight patent equipments. This technology contains four kernel processes - two-phase anaerobic-aerobic process, hydrolysis-acidification-oxidation process, UASBAF-oxidation process, and internal cycling-hydrolysis-oxidation process. Fifteen pilot projects were accomplished in the basins of Tai Lake, Huai River, Liao River and Songhua River, and their total capital investment reached 185.214 million Yuan (RMB). Compared to conventional wastewater treatment technology, the innovative technology is more cost-effective for high-strength organic wastewater treatment, can save capital investment by 15% 30%, lessen land usage by 20% to 40% and decrease the operating cost by 10% to 25%. The operating cost of treatment per cubic meter industrial wastewater could be below 0.6 to 1.4 Yuan (RMB).

  15. Development of Combined Biological Technology for Treatment of High-strength Organic Wastewater and Results of Case Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN Nanqi; WANG Aijie; HAN Hongjun; MA Fang; DING Jie; SHI Yue; ZHAO Dan

    2006-01-01

    Our study group has developed a unique combined biological technology to treat high-strength organic wastewaters from the industries of dyestuff, pharmaceutical, chemical engineering and zymolysis by using the principles of anaerobic ecological niche and bio-phase separation. The study obtained five national invention patents and eight patent equipments.This technology contains four kernel processes - two-phase anaerobic-aerobic process, hydrolysis-acidification-oxidation process, UASBAF-oxidation process, and internal cycling-hydrolysis-oxidation process. Fifteen pilot projects were accomplished in the basins of Tai Lake, Huai River, Liao River and Songhua River, and their total capital investment reached 185.214million Yuan (RMB). Compared to conventional wastewater treatment technology, the innovative technology is more costeffective for high-strength organic wastewater treatment, can save capital investment by 15% -30%, lessen land usage by 20% to 40% and decrease the operating cost by 10% to 25%. The operating cost of treatment per cubic meter industrial wastewater could be below 0.6 to 1.4 Yuan (RMB).

  16. Patterning technology for solution-processed organic crystal field-effect transistors

    OpenAIRE

    Yun Li; Huabin Sun; Yi Shi; Kazuhito Tsukagoshi

    2014-01-01

    Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are fundamental building blocks for various state-of-the-art electronic devices. Solution-processed organic crystals are appreciable materials for these applications because they facilitate large-scale, low-cost fabrication of devices with high performance. Patterning organic crystal transistors into well-defined geometric features is necessary to develop these crystals into practical semiconductors. This review provides an update on recent development...

  17. Natural Food: Organizing ‘responsiveness’ in responsible innovation of food technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haen, D.; Sneijder, P.W.J.; Molder, te H.; Swierstra, T.

    2015-01-01

    Responsible innovation requires mutual responsiveness between various stakeholders around technological innovation. But in public engagement exercises, concerns about ethical, cultural and political impacts are too easily set aside, so that no one is actually encouraged to discuss responsibilities f

  18. Natural Food: Organizing ‘Responsiveness’ in Responsible Innovation of Food Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haen, Dirk; Sneijder, Petra; te Molder, Hedwig Frederica Maria; Swierstra, Tsjalling; Koops, Bert-Jaap; Oosterlaken, Ilse; Romijn, Henny; Swierstra, Tsjalling; van den Hoven, Jeroen

    2015-01-01

    Responsible innovation requires mutual responsiveness between various stakeholders around technological innovation. But in public engagement exercises, concerns about ethical, cultural and political impacts are too easily set aside, so that no one is actually encouraged to discuss responsibilities f

  19. Technologies for security, military police and professional policing organizations, the Department of Energy perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steele, B.J.

    1996-12-31

    There are many technologies emerging from this decade that can be used to help the law enforcement community protect the public as well as public and private facilities against ever increasing threats to this country and its resources. These technologies include sensors, closed circuit television (CCTV), access control, contraband detection, communications, control and display, barriers, and various component and system modeling techniques. This paper will introduce some of the various technologies that have been examined for the Department of Energy that could be applied to various law enforcement applications. They include: (1) scannerless laser radar; (2) next generation security systems; (3) response force video information helmet system; (4) access delay technologies; (5) rapidly deployable intrusion detection systems; and (6) cost risk benefit analysis.

  20. 采取技术组织措施提高数控加工技术实习质量%Taking technology organization measures to improve CNC machining technology practice quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春城; 张树军; 张国斌; 刘悦

    2011-01-01

    提出在数控加工技术实习管理中技术组织措施的概念,并提出采取技术组织措施提高数控加工技术实习质量的观点.阐述了几项技术组织措施及其在数控加工技术实习中的应用.%This paper presents the concept of technology organization measures in the CNC machining technology practice management , and proposes the viewpoint of taking the technology organization measures to improve CNC machining technology practice quality. This paper also sets forth a number of technology organization measures and the application in CNC machining technology practice.

  1. IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL COGNITIVE ACTIVITY STUDENTS IN THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION ON THE BASIS OF VISUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY OF EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliya A. Kolmakova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to consider the problem of improving the quality of education in the professional educational organizations.Methods. The scientific and pedagogical analyses of the concepts forming a terminological field of a problem are used. The system, competence-based and personal approaches are used for development of models of cognitive visualization. Questioning of students was carried out to establish the level of development of their informative activity.Results. The constituent parts of the modern educational process and the need to create specific conditions for its implementation are identified and described. The author gives a generalized characteristic of visualization technology of educational information. The application of cognitive visualization models using information and communication technologies are proved. The results showing the evolution of motivational indicators of students’ activity before and after application of LSM and the «Metaplan» in the educational process are presented.Scientific novelty. The pedagogical conditions that allow using information and communication technologies as means of the trainees’ educational informative activity improvement in the professional educational organization are defined. Features of the directed application of methods of cognitive visualization of educational information, both for improvement of educational cognitive activity, and for formation of professional competences of students by profession «A chef, a confectioner» are noted.Practical importance. Use of methods of cognitive visualization in educational process on the example of studying of Chemistry and Biology in the professional educational organization is considered in details. The teaching package providing application of methods of cognitive visualization of educational information for the purpose of improvement of educational cognitive activity of students in the professional educational organization

  2. Innovative concepts towards sustainability in organic horticulture: testing a participatory technology design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blom, M.; Keulen, van H.

    2008-01-01

    Horticulture in the Netherlands is an economically strong sector. However, current organic horticulture does not comply with the standards for sustainability, because of its contribution to environmental pollution and exhaustion of natural resources. Transition towards more sustainable agro-ecosyste

  3. Technology or Process First? A Call for Mediation Between ESM and BPM Approaches in Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siurdyban, Artur; Svejvig, Per; Møller, Charles

    2011-01-01

    Enterprise Systems Management (ESM) and Business Process Management (BPM), although highly correlated, have evolved as alternative and mutually exclusive approaches to corporate infrastructure. As a result, companies struggle to nd the right balance between technology and process factors...... in infrastructure implementation projects. The purpose of this paper is articulate a need and a direction to mediate between the process-driven and the technology-driven approaches. Using a cross-case analysis, we gain insight into two examples of systems and process implementation. We highlight the dierences...... between them using strategic alignment, Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management theories. We argue that the insights from these cases can lead to a better alignment between process and technology. Implications for practice include the direction towards a closer integration of process...

  4. Designing a Deeply Digital Science Curriculum: Supporting Teacher Learning and Implementation with Organizing Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Heather; Severance, Samuel; Penuel, William R.; Quigley, David; Sumner, Tamara; Devaul, Holly

    2016-02-01

    This paper examines the impacts of technology (e.g., Chromebooks, Google Drive) on teacher learning and student activity in the development and implementation of a deeply digital high school biology unit. Using design-based implementation research, teachers co-designed with researchers and curriculum specialists a student-centered unit aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) that utilizes classroom technology. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected to understand the barriers that inhibit the implementation of a digital curriculum as well as the extent that teachers engage in the design process and begin to make shifts in their practice. We found that through the co-design process teachers began to shift their knowledge of NGSS, technology implementation, and adapted to tensions and barriers inherent in the process.

  5. [Research Progress in Technology of Using Soil Micro-organisms to Generate Electricity and Its Potential Applications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Huan; Xue, Hong-jing; Jiang, Yun-bin; Zhong, Wen-hui

    2015-10-01

    Microbial fuel cells ( microbial fuel cells, MFCs) are devices in which micro-organisms convert chemical energy into electrical power. Soil has electrogenic bacteria and organic substrates, thus can generate electrical current in MFCs. Soil MFCs can be operated and applied to real-time and continuously monitor soil pollution, remove soil pollutants and to reduce methane emitted from flooded rice paddy, without energy consumption and the application of chemical reagents to the soil. Instead, the operation of soil MFCs generates small amount of electrical power. Therefore, soil MFCs are useful in the development of environment-friendly technology for monitoring and remediating soil pollution, which have potential value for applications in the domain of environmental science and engineering. However, much of advanced technology hasn't been applied into soil MFCs since the studies on soil MFCs was not started until recently. This paper summarized the research progress in related to soil MFCs combining with the frontier of MFCs technology, and brought forward the possible direction in studies on soil MFCs.

  6. Organization of lipids in milks, infant milk formulas and various dairy products: role of technological processes and potential impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Christelle; Cauty, Chantal; Guyomarc'h, Fanny

    The microstructure of milk fat in processed dairy products is poorly known despite its importance in their functional, sensorial and nutritional properties. However, for the last 10 years, several research groups including our laboratory have significantly contributed to increasing knowledge on the organization of lipids in situ in dairy products. This paper provides an overview of recent advances on the organization of lipids in the milk fat globule membrane using microscopy techniques (mainly confocal microscopy and atomic force microscopy). Also, this overview brings structural information about the organization of lipids in situ in commercialized milks, infant milk formulas and various dairy products (cream, butter, buttermilk, butter serum and cheeses). The main mechanical treatment used in the dairy industry, homogenization, decreases the size of milk fat globules, changes the architecture (composition and organization) of the fat/water interface and affects the interactions between lipid droplets and the protein network (concept of inert vs active fillers). The potential impacts of the organization of lipids and of the alteration of the milk fat globule membrane are discussed, and technological strategies are proposed, in priority to design biomimetic lipid droplets in infant milk formulas.

  7. Methodological principles outline discipline "Organization studies-tourism activity" using information technologies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The basic methodological principles of the disciplines of tourism and local history with information technology. 15 analyzed the literature and experience of leading experts in the field of sports and health tourism, and orienteering. Identified principles of academic disciplines of tourism and local history: the shift in emphasis from sports tourism to the cognitive, health tourism, the development of spiritual qualities, acquisition of life skills in nature, discovery and development of pedagogical and psychological abilities, character traits through the study of native land, the development of cognitive-research abilities, physical abilities, motor skills, application of modern information technology.

  8. Application of methane fermentation technology into organic wastes in closed agricultural system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endo, Ryosuke; Kitaya, Yoshiaki

    Sustainable and recycling-based systems are required in space agriculture which takes place in an enclosed environment. Methane fermentation is one of the most major biomass conversion technologies, because (1) it provides a renewable energy source as biogas including methane, suitable for energy production, (2) the nutrient-rich solids left after digestion can be used as compost for agriculture. In this study, the effect of the application of methane fermentation technology into space agriculture on the material and energy cycle was investigated.

  9. Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Online-Offline, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on technology, on advances in such areas as aeronautics, electronics, physics, the space sciences, as well as computers and the attendant progress in medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Describes educational resources for elementary and middle school students, including Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videotapes, books,…

  10. Application of organic acid Composite Blockage Removal Technology%低碳复合有机酸解堵技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈锐; 余海棠

    2014-01-01

    义正油田长6油层酸敏性强,矿物中的高岭石和绿泥石含量较高,不宜采用常规酸化解堵措施。该区油层伤害以敏感性伤害、措施及开采过程中的有机、无机物堵塞为主。低碳复合有机酸主要有缓速酸、有机溶剂、氧化剂等组成,依靠缓释酸的溶蚀性,有机溶剂的溶解性及其它成分的协同作用,达到解堵的目的。室内评价结果表明,低碳复合有机酸可以有效解除油井的高分子聚合物、无机垢的堵塞。在合理选井的基础上,将其应用于现场,取得了良好的效果。%Yizheng oilfield C6 oil reservoir is acid sensitivity,and the main reservoir minerals of C6 oil reservoir are kaolinite and chlorite,thus,the conventional acidizing blockage removal technology is not suitable for C6 oil reservoir. Reservoir damage is mainly sensibility damage,pluged by organic and inorganic matter produced by stimulation and exploitation process in this area. Co-organic acid is mainly compose of retarded acid,organic solvent,oxidant,etc. Depending on dissolution by slowly releasing acids,solubility in organic solvents and synergism of other components to achieve the goal of blockage removal.The test indoor results showed that organic acid composite blockage removal technology can remove blockage produced by high molecule polymer,inorganic scale effectively.The organic acid composite blockage removal technology has been applied to the scene to remove the reservoir blockage successfully and it has made a good effect on the basis of selecting oil well correctly.

  11. Polymicro technologies receives prestigious award from European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The CMS Collaboration of CERN presented two awards today to Polymicro Technologies, LLC of Phoenix, AZ in appreciation of their achievements in the development and production of radiation resistant silica optical fibers for use in the CMS detector (1/2 page).

  12. Organizing Educational Activity of a Pupil on the Basis of Learning Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibgatullina, Tatiana V.; Selivanova, Olga G.

    2016-01-01

    A pupil is in the center of contemporary educational process, and the educational process requires some reorganization, which adds topicality to this paper. The paper considers how pupils use learning technologies helping them to achieve certain personally and socially important goals. The main research method is the method of a pedagogical…

  13. Integration of Technology Enhanced Learning within Business Organizations: Which Strategy to Choose?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminskiene, Lina; Rutkiene, Aušra; Trepule, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses a responsible and a responsive strategic organizational approach for a smooth integration of technology enhanced learning (TEL). A response to external and internal contingencies and an involvement of different stakeholders into the development and implementation of the so-called eLearning strategies is one of the approaches…

  14. Organizing for Networked Information Technologies - Cases in Process Integration and Transformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The book provides seven practical examples of how Danish companies implemented new information technology in order to transform their internal and external business processes. The purpose is to share some of the companies' concerns and hopes during this implementation process, with each case...

  15. An Analysis of Air Pollution Control Technologies for Shipyard Emitted Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    A typical absorption control unit consists of a raised column or tower that is packed with reticulated spheres or layered distribution trays. The...existing spray operations. The technology has been demonstrated using acrylics, polyesters, cellulosics , alkyds, and commercial paints and lacquers

  16. Internal Branding: Using Performance Technology To Create an Organization Focused on Customer Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosti, Donald T.; Stotz, Rodger

    2000-01-01

    Presents a performance technology approach to revenue enhancement, with the goal of improving customer retention through building customer value. Topics include internal branding, a way to make sure that what the company delivers matches what's promised in the advertising; product versus service brands; and customer satisfaction, including…

  17. Internal Branding: Using Performance Technology To Create an Organization Focused on Customer Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosti, Donald T.; Stotz, Rodger

    2000-01-01

    Presents a performance technology approach to revenue enhancement, with the goal of improving customer retention through building customer value. Topics include internal branding, a way to make sure that what the company delivers matches what's promised in the advertising; product versus service brands; and customer satisfaction, including…

  18. Effect of organic residues addition on the technological properties of clay bricks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Ismail

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study is to investigate the utilization potential of several organic residues in clay bricks. Sawdust, tobacco residues, and grass are widespread by-products of industrial and agricultural processes in Turkey. These residue materials have long cellulose fibres. Sawdust and tobacco residues generally are used as fuel, and the grass is utilized for agricultural purposes. The insulation capacity of brick increases with the increasing porosity of the clay body. Combustible, organic types of pore-forming additives are most frequently used for this purpose. For this reason, increasing amounts of organic residues (0%, 2.5%, 5% and 10% in wt.) were mixed with raw brick-clay. All samples were fired at 900 degrees C. Effects on shaping, plasticity, density, and mechanical properties were investigated. The organic residue additions were found to be effective for pore-forming in the clay body with the clay maintaining acceptable mechanical properties. It was observed that the fibrous nature of the residues did not create extrusion problems. However, higher residue addition required a higher water content to ensure the right plasticity. As a result, sawdust, tobacco residues, and grass can be utilized in an environmentally safe way as organic pore-forming agents in brick-clay.

  19. Small molecule organic semiconductors on the move: promises for future solar energy technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Amaresh; Bäuerle, Peter

    2012-02-27

    This article is written from an organic chemist's point of view and provides an up-to-date review about organic solar cells based on small molecules or oligomers as absorbers and in detail deals with devices that incorporate planar-heterojunctions (PHJ) and bulk heterojunctions (BHJ) between a donor (p-type semiconductor) and an acceptor (n-type semiconductor) material. The article pays particular attention to the design and development of molecular materials and their performance in corresponding devices. In recent years, a substantial amount of both, academic and industrial research, has been directed towards organic solar cells, in an effort to develop new materials and to improve their tunability, processability, power conversion efficiency, and stability. On the eve of commercialization of organic solar cells, this review provides an overview over efficiencies attained with small molecules/oligomers in OSCs and reflects materials and device concepts developed over the last decade. Approaches to enhancing the efficiency of organic solar cells are analyzed.

  20. Final Report on Testing of Off-Gas Treatment Technologies for Abatement of Atmospheric Emissions of Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarosch, T.R.; Haselow, J.S.; Rossabi, J.; Burdick, S.A.; Raymond, R.; Young, J.E.; Lombard, K.H.

    1995-01-23

    The purpose of this report is to summarize the results of the program for off-gas treatment of atmospheric emissions of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs), in particular trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE). This program was funded through the Department of Energy Office of Technology Development`s VOC`s in Non-Arid Soils Integrated Demonstration (VNID). The off-gas treatment program was initiated after testing of in-situ air stripping with horizontal wells was completed (Looney et al., 1991). That successful test expectedly produced atmospheric emissions of CVOCs that were unabated. It was decided after that test that an off-gas treatment is an integral portion of remediation of CVOC contamination in groundwater and soil but also because several technologies were being developed across the United States to mitigate CVOC emissions. A single platform for testing off-gas treatment technologies would facilitate cost effective evaluation of the emerging technologies. Another motivation for the program is that many CVOCs will be regulated under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and are already regulated by many state regulatory programs. Additionally, compounds such as TCE and PCE are pervasive subsurface environmental contaminants, and, as a result, a small improvement in terms of abatement efficiency or cost will significantly reduce CVOC discharges to the environment as well as costs to United States government and industry.

  1. Organic Synthetic Advanced Materials for Optoelectronic and Energy Applications (at National Taipei University of Technology)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yen, Hung-Ju [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Chemistry Division

    2016-11-14

    These slides cover Hung-Ju Yen's recent work in the synthesis and structural design of functional materials, which were further used for optoelectronic and energy applications, such as lithium ion battery, solar cell, LED, electrochromic, and fuel cells. This was for a job interview at National Taipei University of Technology. The following topics are detailed: current challenges for lithium-ion batteries; graphene, graphene oxide and nanographene; nanographenes with various functional groups; fine tune d-spacing through organic synthesis: varying functional group; schematic view of LIBs; nanographenes as LIB anode; rate performance (charging-discharging); electrochromic technology; electrochromic materials; advantages of triphenylamine; requirement of electrochromic materials for practical applications; low driving voltage and long cycle life; increasing the electroactive sites by multi-step synthetic procedures; synthetic route to starburst triarylamine-based polyamide; electrochromism ranging from visible to NIR region; transmissive to black electrochromism; RGB and CMY electrochromism.

  2. Customer centered health care: why managed care organizations must capitalize on new technology to build brands and customer loyalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fell, D

    1998-01-01

    Now, more than ever, health care organizations are desperately trying to reach out to customers and establish stronger relationships that will generate increased loyalty and repeat business. As technology, like the Internet and related mediums, allow us to do a better job of managing information and communication, health care executives must invest the time and resources necessary to bring these new advances into the day-to-day operations of their businesses. Those that do will have a head start in building their brand and their customer loyalty.

  3. [Metal-Organic Frameworks: A New Class of Mesoporous Materials and Potential Possibilities of Their Use in Pharmaceutical Technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyszogrodzka, Gabriela; Dorożyński, Przemysław

    2015-01-01

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) belong to the new class of mesoporous, hybrid materials composed of metal ions and organic binding ligands. Their unique features: wide range of chemical building components, which enables obtaining biocompatible materials, and high surface area and loading capacity, make them promising drug delivery vehicles for therapeutic agents. The ability to tune their structures and porosities provides better adjustment for adsorbed drug molecule. Moreover, MOFs functionalized with ligands or antibodies can be used in cancer targeted therapy. Through the incorporation of paramagnetic metal ions into the structure, MOFs are suited to serve as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents. Combining drug delivery ability with imaging properties of MOFs indicates their potential use as theranostic agents and makes possible monitoring drug delivery within the body after administration in the real time. The aim of the present study is to characterize a new class of compounds and to present potential possibilities of their use as excipients in pharmaceutical technology .

  4. Refuse derived bio-organics and immobilized soybean peroxidase for green chemical technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnacca, Giuliana; Laurenti, Enzo; Vigna, Erika

    2012-01-01

    A silica monolith was prepared from commercial silica powder dispersed in water containing polymeric water soluble bio-organics (SBO) isolated from composted urban vegetable wastes. The monolith and the pristine powder were characterized for their morphology and reactivity for immobilizing Soybean...

  5. Technology development for roll-to-roll production of organic photovoltaics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galagan, Y.O.; Vries, I.G. de; Langen, A.P.; Andriessen, H.A.J.M.; Verhees, W.J.H.; Veenstra, S.C.; Kroon, J.M.

    2011-01-01

    In order to reach the objective of low-cost, large area organic photovoltaic systems, we build up a knowledge base concerning the influence of process conditions on the performance of polymer solar cells. A large area solar cell module, with roll-to-roll coated PEDOT:PSS and photoactive layers (base

  6. Impact of information technology on organizations: The state of the art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnhoven, A.B.J.M.; Wassenaar, D.A.

    1990-01-01

    This article gives an introduction to the field of impact research. After a short discussion of the role of information in organizational context, the interaction perspective on impact research is presented. Empirical research results in the field of impacts of IT on internal organization in 11 orga

  7. Refuse derived bio-organics and immobilized soybean peroxidase for green chemical technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnacca, Giuliana; Laurenti, Enzo; Vigna, Erika

    2012-01-01

    A silica monolith was prepared from commercial silica powder dispersed in water containing polymeric water soluble bio-organics (SBO) isolated from composted urban vegetable wastes. The monolith and the pristine powder were characterized for their morphology and reactivity for immobilizing Soybean...

  8. Technology development for roll-to-roll production of organic photovoltaics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galagan, Y.O.; Vries, I.G. de; Langen, A.P.; Andriessen, H.A.J.M.; Verhees, W.J.H.; Veenstra, S.C.; Kroon, J.M.

    2011-01-01

    In order to reach the objective of low-cost, large area organic photovoltaic systems, we build up a knowledge base concerning the influence of process conditions on the performance of polymer solar cells. A large area solar cell module, with roll-to-roll coated PEDOT:PSS and photoactive layers (base

  9. Crosscutting Issues in International Transformation: Interactions and Innovations among People, Organizations, Processes, and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    excellent job of this in 22 The authors are indebted to Mr. Ken Hamilton of the KENTIA...Langer, 1990), Kohlberg (1984), Loevinger (Loevinger & Wessler, 1970), and Wilber (2000). The Leadership Development Profile (discussed below) emerged...Series. Weick, C. (1995). Sense-Making in Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Wilber , K. (2000). Integral Psychology: Consciousness, Spirit

  10. Archetypical C2 Organization Design for Ever Increasing Technological Autonomy: An Unmanned Aircraft System Illustration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    diagnostic artificial intelligence (AI) applications in medicine (e.g., MYCIN; see Shortliffe & Buchanan 1975), electronics (e.g., SOPHIE; see Brown et...with Organization Design," The International C2 Journal 3:2 (2009), pp. 1-59. Brown, J.S., Burton, R.R., and de Kleer, J., “ Pedagogical , Natural

  11. The Situational Leadership Approach Effects on Employee Motivation in Multi-Generational Information Technology Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irby, Thaddaeus

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the three generations comprising today's IT organizations to determine whether the Situational Leadership approach is effective in motivating this diverse work force to perform project-related tasks. Baby Boomer employees, Generation X employees, and Generation Y employees are the three generations actively employed in IT…

  12. Monitoring Organic Contaminant Fluxes Following Dam Removal Utilizing Passive Sampler Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restoration of riverine habitats and their associated ecosystems is a growing priority for government agencies (e.g., USEPA, NOAA, USDA), as well as non-profit conservation organizations (e.g., American Rivers). Dam removal is a major component of many restoration projects credi...

  13. The Situational Leadership Approach Effects on Employee Motivation in Multi-Generational Information Technology Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irby, Thaddaeus

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the three generations comprising today's IT organizations to determine whether the Situational Leadership approach is effective in motivating this diverse work force to perform project-related tasks. Baby Boomer employees, Generation X employees, and Generation Y employees are the three generations actively employed in IT…

  14. Impact of information technology on organization: the state of the art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnhoven, Alphonsus B.J.M.; Wassenaar, Arjen

    1990-01-01

    This article gives an introduction to the field of impact research. After a short discussion of the role of information in organizational context, the interaction perspective on impact research is presented. Empirical research results in the field of impacts of IT on internal organization in 11

  15. Science and Technology Text Mining: Strategic Management and Implementation in Government Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 10(3), 1998, pp. 283-293. 52 Fleisher, C., Public Policy Competitive Intelligence , Competitive ...Intelligence, Competitive Intelligence Eeview, 4(1), 1993. Kostoff, R.N., 1994, Database Tomography: Origins and Applications, Competitive Intelligence Review...Assessment Literature", Competitive Intelligence Review, 8:2, Summer 1997j. Kostoff, R. N., Eberhart, H. J., Toothman, D. R., and Pellenbarg, R. "Database

  16. Synthesis and Characterization of Organic Impurities in Bortezomib Anhydride Produced by a Convergent Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, Andrey S.; Shishkov, Sergey V.; Zhalnina, Anna A.

    2012-01-01

    A profile of impurities in bortezomib anhydride, produced by a recently developed convergent technology, has been characterized. HPLC-MS analysis of the drug essence revealed three impurities: an epimer of bortezomib, resulting from partial racemization of l-phenylalanine’s stereogenic center during the chemical synthesis, and two epimeric products of oxidative degradation of bortezomib, in which boron is replaced by the OH group. The impurities were obtained by chemical synthesis and characterized by physical methods. PMID:22396904

  17. Organization of Students’ Self-Study in Studying the Subject “Manufacturing Technology of Drugs”

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorovska, M.; Barna, O.; Bondarchuk, O.

    2014-01-01

    Modern society development requires that specialists must quickly adapt to new working conditions, act creatively and independently. Therefore, the purpose of the work is to reveal the importance and forms of students’ self-study, its assessment peculiarity in concern with the subject “Manufacturing technology of drugs” (MTD). The article presents the components and features of students’ self-study at the pharmaceutical department under credit-modular system of education on the example of MTD...

  18. Basic technology for 6Li enrichment using an ionic-liquid impregnated organic membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Terai, Takayuki

    2011-10-01

    The tritium needed as a fuel for fusion reactors is produced by the neutron capture reaction of lithium-6 ( 6Li) in tritium breeding materials. However, natural Li contains only about 7.6 at.% 6Li. In this paper, a new lithium isotope separation technique using an ionic-liquid impregnated organic membrane is proposed. In order to separate and concentrate lithium isotopes, only lithium ions are able to move through the membrane by electrodialysis between the cathode and the anode in lithium solutions. Preliminary experiments of lithium isotope separation were conducted using this phenomenon. Organic membranes impregnated with TMPA-TFSI and PP13-TFSI as ionic liquids were prepared, and the relationship between the 6Li separation coefficient and the applied electrodialytic conditions was evaluated using them. The results showed that the 6Li isotope separation coefficient in this method (about 1.1-1.4) was larger than that in the mercury amalgam method (about 1.06).

  19. Organic wastes and the industrial technologies of their coprocessing with coal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Buchtele

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available The production of solid waste in the Czech Republic was a round 40 Mt in 2000 – 2002 yearly. The organic compounds in the municipal waste (plastics, polymers, paper, wood, textile and in the agricultural and forest waste (biomass are mainly burned and partially landfilled. New industrial waste processes and their heat conversion in mixtures with coal allow an economical and energetically a more efficient utilization. They also open the way to the production of liquid fuels and chemicals.

  20. ORGANIZATION OF EXPRESS LEARNING OF CONSTRUCTING TECHNOLOGIES IN INNOVATIVE COMPUTER DIDACTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grushevsky S. S.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the principles of organization of the rapid training of teachers and students to use and creation of training materials with the use of models and procedures of innovative computer didactics. These principles are implemented by a procedure based on the cyclic model of the educational process, reflecting the collective creativity of the participants. During training, every participant performs consistently role of the learner and training

  1. Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional answer card reading method using OMR (Optical Mark Reader, most commonly, OMR special card special use, less versatile, high cost, aiming at the existing problems proposed a method based on pattern recognition of the answer card identification method. Using the method based on Line Segment Detector to detect the tilt of the image, the existence of tilt image rotation correction, and eventually achieve positioning and detection of answers to the answer sheet .Pattern recognition technology for automatic reading, high accuracy, detect faster

  2. An Evaluation of Technology to Remove Problematic Organic Compounds from the International Space Station Potable Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rector, Tony; Metselaar, Carol; Peyton, Barbara; Steele, John; Michalek, William; Bowman, Elizabeth; Wilson, Mark; Gazda, Daniel; Carter, Layne

    2014-01-01

    Since activation of the Water Processor Assembly (WPA) on the International Space Station (ISS) in November of 2008, there have been three events in which the TOC (Total Organic Carbon) in the product water has increased to approximately 3 mg/L and has subsequently recovered. Analysis of the product water in 2010 identified the primary component of the TOC as dimethylsilanediol (DMSD). An investigation into the fate of DMSD in the WPA ultimately determined that replacement of both Multifiltration (MF) Beds is the solution to recovering product water quality. The MF Beds were designed to ensure that ionic breakthrough occurs before organic breakthrough. However, DMSD saturated both MF Beds in the series, requiring removal and replacement of both MF Beds with significant life remaining. Analysis of the MF Beds determined that the adsorbent was not effectively removing DMSD, trimethylsilanol, various polydimethylsiloxanes, or dimethylsulfone. Coupled with the fact that the current adsorbent is now obsolete, the authors evaluated various media to identify a replacement adsorbent as well as media with greater capacity for these problematic organic contaminants. This paper provides the results and recommendations of this collaborative study.

  3. Improving discovery in the life sciences using semantic Web technologies and linked data: design principles for life sciences knowledge organization systems

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Dissertation presented to obtain the Ph.D degree in Bioinformatics The data deluge in biology resulting from wide adoption of highthroughput technologies, coupled with the increasing reliance on web technologies for knowledge organization, sharing and discovery, has created unprecedented opportunities, and challenges, for knowledge engineering in Life Sciences domains. The Semantic Web technologies correspond to a set of standards and best practices for improving data sha...

  4. How Science/Technology/Society relations are approached in the contents of organic functions in high school chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Lúcia Costa Amaral

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aimed to verify how the relation between Science/Technology/Society (STS is present in Chemistry textbooks recommended by the Brazilian Ministry of Education. The interest in textbooks is due to the fact that they constitute important resources used by teachers to prepare their classes. Thus, researches in this area are necessary to indicate how the authors could improve the quality of their books. We believe that one way to do this is the introduction of the STS relation, which took place because of the necessity in establishing new ways of teaching, specially the teaching of science. One of the goals of STS education is to create conditions to develop abilities and competences that qualify the students for discussions concerning scientific and technologic questions of everyday life. The analysis of testbooks used the descriptors and indicators developed by Fracalanza and Megid-Neto (2006 as reference. In order to carry out the study, we chose the area of Organic Chemistry, more specifically contents referring to organic functions, with great use in society. In general, the results showed that STS relations are not totally observed in the investigated contents, contributing to the development of Chemistry classes through activities apart from the students social context.

  5. Technology for industrial waste heat recovery by organic Rankine cycle systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cain, W. G.; Drake, R. L.; Prisco, C. J.

    1984-10-01

    The recovery of industrial waste heat and the conversion thereof to useful electric power by use of Rankine cycle systems is studied. Four different aspects of ORC technology were studied: possible destructive chemical reaction between an aluminum turbine wheel and R-113 working fluid under wheel-to-rotor rub conditions; possible chemical reaction between stainless steel or carbon steel and any of five different ORC working fluids under rotor-stator rub conditions; effects on electric generator properties of extended exposure to an environment of saturated R-113 vapor/fluid; and operational proof tests under laboratory conditions of two 1070 kW, ORC, R-113 hermetic turbogenerator power module systems.

  6. Proazaphosphatranes: Versatile molecules with applications in fuel cell technology, biodiesel production and important organic transformations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wadhwa, Kuldeep

    In recent years proazaphosphatranes of type P(RNCH2CH 2)3N have proven their synthetic utility as catalysts and as stoichiometric bases in a variety of organic transformations. Several reports from our group appeared in which the use of proazaphosphatranes for the activation of the silicon to synthesize useful organic intermediates. Herein we report the use of proazaphosphatranes to synthesize various useful small organic molecules by the activation of Si-O and Si-C bonds, along with efforts to gain evidence for silicon group activation. We previously demonstrated that a phosphatranium cation for which the counter anion is nitrate, is an excellent catalyst for aza- and thia-Michael reactions. Evidence was presented that such a nitrate salt in which the cation was bound to a solid support was superior to a commercially available nitrate anion exchange resin. These results prompted us to chemically bind phosphatranium salts to NafionRTM membrane supports to function as nitrate and hydroxide ion conducting membranes for fuel cell applications. Here we report the synthesis of a novel anion exchange fuel cell membrane by chemically attaching proazaphosphatranium and phosphatranium cations under microwave conditions to the sulfonic groups of Nafion-F RTM and the use of solid-state NMR techniques to determine the structure and composition of this anion exchange membrane. A thermally and air stable derivative of a proazaphosphatrane i.e., a benzyl azidoproazaphosphatrane, was discovered in our laboratory which was shown to be an excellent catalyst for biodiesel synthesis via the transesterification of soybean oil and for other Lewis base- catalyzed important organic transformations. However, the heterogeneous analog i.e., a Merrifield resin-bound azidoproazaphosphatrane, was found to be deactivated after 11 cycles for the transesterification of soybean oil. We report here an attempted synthesis of a TeflonRTM - and NafionRTM-bound azidoproazaphosphatrane. Such a solid

  7. Application of acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of dispersed organic solvent in developing new microencapsulation process technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Honghwa; Lee, Sunhwa; Bhattacharjee, Himanshu; Sah, Hongkee

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate a new microencapsulation technology employing an acid-catalyzed solvent extraction method in conjunction to an emulsion-based microencapsulation process. Its process consisted of emulsifying a dispersed phase of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) and isopropyl formate in an aqueous phase. This step was followed by adding hydrochloric acid to the resulting oil-in-water emulsion, in order to initiate the hydrolysis of isopropyl formate dissolved in the aqueous phase. Its hydrolysis caused the liberation of water-soluble species, that is, isopropanol and formic acid. This event triggered continual solvent leaching out of emulsion droplets, thereby initiating microsphere solidification. This new processing worked well for encapsulation of progesterone and ketoprofen that were chosen as a nonionizable model drug and a weakly acidic one, respectively. Furthermore, the structural integrity of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) was retained during microencapsulation. The new microencapsulation technology, being conceptually different from previous approaches, might be useful in preparing various polymeric particles.

  8. High Throughput and High Speed Organic Synthesis in Drug Discovery:An Integration of Chemistry and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chen

    2004-01-01

    Drug discovery is a complicated process that involves multiple synthetic chemistry tasks.Among them, lead generation and optimization is the core business in the discovery research.During the stage of lead generation, a large library of many thousands individual compounds will be screened against a biological target to identify a set of hits that showed desirable activity. Once a hit has been identified, analog synthesis and development of SAR around this hit and establishment of relationship between targeted protein and its cellular function become the key activity in the drug discovery project. During this process, focused libraries of a few hundred compounds (X00) will be synthesized and tested. For synthetic chemistry tasks, the efficiency can be enhanced through "parallel processing or high throughput chemisay" using automation technology with which a large number of compounds can be synthesized, purified and plated at same time for biological and pharmaceutical screenings. To accelerate the lead optimization high speed synthesis is conducted when necessary and to improve "single process" efficiency using automation technology, when the rate limiting step become developing synthetic method to produce large amount of compounds (in gram quantity) that can be used in vivo pharmacology study. With these in mind, we designed integrated HTC technology platform which supports the key chemical synthesis activities in discovery research. In this presentation, several examples will be presented to illustrate the applications of high throughput and high speed organic synthesis in drug discovery.

  9. 30.1 8b thin-film microprocessor using a hybrid oxide-organic complementary technology with inkjet-printed P2ROM memory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Myny, K.; Smout, S.; Rockelé, M.; Bhoolokam, A.; Ke, T.H.; Steudel, S.; Obata, K.; Marinkovic, M.; Pham, D.V.; Hoppe, A.; Gulati, A.; Rodriguez, F.G.; Cobb, B.; Gelinck, G.H.; Genoe, J.; Dehaene, W.; Heremans, P.

    2014-01-01

    We present an 8b general-purpose microprocessor realized in a hybrid oxide-organic complementary thin-film technology. The n-type transistors are based on a solution-processed n-type metal-oxide semiconductor, and the p-type transistors use an organic semiconductor. As compared to previous work util

  10. 30.1 8b thin-film microprocessor using a hybrid oxide-organic complementary technology with inkjet-printed P2ROM memory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Myny, K.; Smout, S.; Rockelé, M.; Bhoolokam, A.; Ke, T.H.; Steudel, S.; Obata, K.; Marinkovic, M.; Pham, D.V.; Hoppe, A.; Gulati, A.; Rodriguez, F.G.; Cobb, B.; Gelinck, G.H.; Genoe, J.; Dehaene, W.; Heremans, P.

    2014-01-01

    We present an 8b general-purpose microprocessor realized in a hybrid oxide-organic complementary thin-film technology. The n-type transistors are based on a solution-processed n-type metal-oxide semiconductor, and the p-type transistors use an organic semiconductor. As compared to previous work

  11. USING THE BSC FOR STRATEGIC PLANNING OF IT (INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BRAZILIAN ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Olímpio Tonelli

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a method that integrates Balanced Scorecard (BSC concepts and IT strategic planning (ITSP processes. The resulting method was applied in two organizations in order to verify contributions of Balanced Scorecard regarding the identified ITSP problems. The development of this work was realized in qualitative, exploratory research based on two case studies. The results show that the use of BSC contributed directly to work with IT strategic planning challenges and involved middle management, multifunctional teams, and top management support, all beyond IT boundaries.

  12. All solution processed organic thin film transistor-backplane with printing technology for electrophoretic display

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Myung W.; Song, C.K.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, solution processes were developed for backplane using an organic thin film transistor (OTFT) as a driving device for an electrophoretic display (EPD) panel. The processes covered not only the key device of OTFTs but also interlayer and pixel electrodes. The various materials and printing processes were adopted to achieve the requirements of devices and functioning layers. The performance of OTFT of the backplane was sufficient to drive EPD sheet by producing a mobility of 0.12 cm2/v x sec and on/off current ratio of 10(5).

  13. Developmental genetics and new sequencing technologies: the rise of nonmodel organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowan, Beth A; Weigel, Detlef; Koenig, Daniel

    2011-07-19

    Much of developmental biology in the past decades has been driven by forward genetic studies in a few model organisms. We review recent work with relatives of these species, motivated by a desire to understand the evolutionary and ecological context for morphological innovation. Unfortunately, despite a number of shining examples, progress in nonmodel systems has often been slow. The current revolution in DNA sequencing has, however, enormous potential in extending the reach of genetics. We discuss how developmental biology will benefit from these advances, particularly by increasing the universe of study species.

  14. Leadership of risk decision making in a complex, technology organization: The deliberative decision making model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaming, Susan C.

    2007-12-01

    The continuing saga of satellite technology development is as much a story of successful risk management as of innovative engineering. How do program leaders on complex, technology projects manage high stakes risks that threaten business success and satellite performance? This grounded theory study of risk decision making portrays decision leadership practices at one communication satellite company. Integrated product team (IPT) leaders of multi-million dollar programs were interviewed and observed to develop an extensive description of the leadership skills required to navigate organizational influences and drive challenging risk decisions to closure. Based on the study's findings the researcher proposes a new decision making model, Deliberative Decision Making, to describe the program leaders' cognitive and organizational leadership practices. This Deliberative Model extends the insights of prominent decision making models including the rational (or classical) and the naturalistic and qualifies claims made by bounded rationality theory. The Deliberative Model describes how leaders proactively engage resources to play a variety of decision leadership roles. The Model incorporates six distinct types of leadership decision activities, undertaken in varying sequence based on the challenges posed by specific risks. Novel features of the Deliberative Decision Model include: an inventory of leadership methods for managing task challenges, potential stakeholder bias and debates; four types of leadership meta-decisions that guide decision processes, and aligned organizational culture. Both supporting and constraining organizational influences were observed as leaders managed major risks, requiring active leadership on the most difficult decisions. Although the company's engineering culture emphasized the importance of data-based decisions, the uncertainties intrinsic to satellite risks required expert engineering judgment to be exercised throughout. An investigation into

  15. Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hatch, Mary Jo

    Most of us recognize that organizations are everywhere. You meet them on every street corner in the form of families and shops, study in them, work for them, buy from them, pay taxes to them. But have you given much thought to where they came from, what they are today, and what they might become...... in the future? How and why do they have so much influence over us, and what influences them? How do they contribute to and detract from the meaningfulness of lives, and how might we improve them so they better serve our needs and desires? This Very Short Introductions addresses all of these questions...

  16. The role of information technologies in organization of non-formal education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elkina Irina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors consider the role of information technologies in realization of non-formal education in the modern information society. Cultural and leisure institutions, libraries etc. become facilitators of non-formal education. Introduction to cultural values, to the new knowledge, obtaining positive emotions attracts the representatives of various professional and social groups to this kind of education and additionally favors their familiarization with the Humanities. A large choice of new, game forms and methods of training, learners’ active participation – all this empowers non-formal education and a skill to learn and work under the conditions of redundant information is one of the most relevant in the modern society.

  17. Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization. Annual Report 1995-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    The report provides an overview of the outcomes achieved and the current activities of ANSTO related to its core business activities. The core business of ANSTO were identified as follows: international strategic relevance of nuclear science; core facilities operation and development; applications of nuclear science and technology to the understanding of natural processes; treatment and management of man-made and naturally occurring radioactive substances; competitiveness and ecological sustainability of industry and organizational development and support. The report also include specific reporting against those performance indicators that were negotiated with the Government as part of the Triennium Funding Agreement and are regarded as appropriate for science agencies or for ANSTO specifically. Contains a glossary and an detailed index. tables., figures.

  18. Innovation and adoption of mobile technology in public organizations: the IBGE case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarolinda Iara da Costa Zanela Saccol

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of Mobile and Wireless Information Technologies (MWIT for provisioning public services by a government is a relatively recent phenomenon. This paper evaluates the results of MWIT adoption by IBGE (The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics through a case study. In 2007, IBGE applied 82,000 mobile devices (PDAs for data gathering in a census operation in Brazil. A set of challenges for a large scale application of MWIT required intensive work involving innovative working practices and service goals. The case reveals a set of outputs of this process, such as time and cost reductions in service provision, improved information quality, staff training and increased organizational effectiveness and agility.

  19. Basic technology for {sup 6}Li enrichment using an ionic-liquid impregnated organic membrane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoshino, Tsuyoshi, E-mail: hoshino.tsuyoshi@jaea.go.jp [Blanket Irradiation and Analysis Group, Fusion Research and Development Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002, Narita-cho, Oarai-machi, Higashi Ibaraki-gun, Ibaraki 311-1393 (Japan); Terai, Takayuki [The Institute of Engineering Innovation and Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

    2011-10-01

    The tritium needed as a fuel for fusion reactors is produced by the neutron capture reaction of lithium-6 ({sup 6}Li) in tritium breeding materials. However, natural Li contains only about 7.6 at.% {sup 6}Li. In this paper, a new lithium isotope separation technique using an ionic-liquid impregnated organic membrane is proposed. In order to separate and concentrate lithium isotopes, only lithium ions are able to move through the membrane by electrodialysis between the cathode and the anode in lithium solutions. Preliminary experiments of lithium isotope separation were conducted using this phenomenon. Organic membranes impregnated with TMPA-TFSI and PP13-TFSI as ionic liquids were prepared, and the relationship between the {sup 6}Li separation coefficient and the applied electrodialytic conditions was evaluated using them. The results showed that the {sup 6}Li isotope separation coefficient in this method (about 1.1-1.4) was larger than that in the mercury amalgam method (about 1.06).

  20. Integrated optical frequency shifter in silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauermann, M; Weimann, C; Knopf, A; Heni, W; Palmer, R; Koeber, S; Elder, D L; Bogaerts, W; Leuthold, J; Dalton, L R; Rembe, C; Freude, W; Koos, C

    2016-05-30

    We demonstrate for the first time a waveguide-based frequency shifter on the silicon photonic platform using single-sideband modulation. The device is based on silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) electro-optic modulators, which combine conventional silicon-on-insulator waveguides with highly efficient electro-optic cladding materials. Using small-signal modulation, we demonstrate frequency shifts of up to 10 GHz. We further show large-signal modulation with optimized waveforms, enabling a conversion efficiency of -5.8 dB while suppressing spurious side-modes by more than 23 dB. In contrast to conventional acousto-optic frequency shifters, our devices lend themselves to large-scale integration on silicon substrates, while enabling frequency shifts that are several orders of magnitude larger than those demonstrated with all-silicon serrodyne devices.

  1. Design in nature how the constructal law governs evolution in biology, physics, technology, and social organization

    CERN Document Server

    Bejan, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    In this groundbreaking book, Adrian Bejan takes the recurring patterns in nature—trees, tributaries, air passages, neural networks, and lightning bolts—and reveals how a single principle of physics, the constructal law, accounts for the evolution of these and many other designs in our world. Everything—from biological life to inanimate systems—generates shape and structure and evolves in a sequence of ever-improving designs in order to facilitate flow. River basins, cardiovascular systems, and bolts of lightning are very efficient flow systems to move a current—of water, blood, or electricity. Likewise, the more complex architecture of animals evolve to cover greater distance per unit of useful energy, or increase their flow across the land. Such designs also appear in human organizations, like the hierarchical “flowcharts” or reporting structures in corporations and political bodies. All are governed by the same principle, known as the constructal law, and configure and reconfigure themselves...

  2. Drug delivery from engineered organisms and nanocarriers as monitored by multimodal imaging technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Calle

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, while the research budget and development times increased for different phases of drug development, the number of clinically approved new medicines declined. In fact, many promising drug candidates failed to demonstrate their full therapeutic potential in vivo. Reasons for unfavorable outcome include some intrinsic properties of drugs, like biodegradation, solubility, and systemic toxicity, as well as the ways in which they are administered or the time elapsed until therapeutic efficiency is demonstrated. Therefore, to develop the full therapeutic potential of drug candidates in vivo, there is a need for advanced drug delivery systems that would carry the drug specifically to the target and release it there at desired concentrations. In addition, there is a requirement for non-invasive biomedical imaging technologies allowing for rapid and sensitive evaluations of drug performance in vivo. This review will present recent developments in bioengineered drug delivery systems, highlighting the biomedical imaging tools needed to evaluate the success of drug delivery strategies.

  3. Academic medical product development: an emerging alliance of technology transfer organizations and the CTSA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Lynn M; Everts, Maaike; Heller, Caren; Burke, Christine; Hafer, Nathaniel; Steele, Scott

    2014-12-01

    To bring the benefits of science more quickly to patient care, the NIH National Center Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) supports programs that enhance the development, testing, and implementation of new medical products and procedures. The NCATS clinical and translational science award (CTSA) program is central to that mission; creating an academic home for clinical and translational science and supporting those involved in the discovery and development of new health-related inventions. The technology transfer Offices (TTO) of CTSA-funded universities can be important partners in the development process; facilitating the transfer of medical research to the commercial sector for further development and ultimately, distribution to patients. The Aggregating Intellectual Property (IP) Working Group (AWG) of the CTSA public private partnerships key function committee (PPP-KFC) developed a survey to explore how CTSA-funded institutions currently interface with their respective TTOs to support medical product development. The results suggest a range of relationships across institutions; approximately half have formal collaborative programs, but only a few have well-connected programs. Models of collaborations are described and provided as examples of successful CTSA/TTO partnerships that have increased the value of health-related inventions as measured by follow-on funding and industry involvement; either as a consulting partner or licensee.

  4. Force-controlled spatial manipulation of viable mammalian cells and micro-organisms by means of FluidFM technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dörig, Pablo; Stiefel, Philipp; Behr, Pascal; Sarajlic, Edin; Bijl, Daniel; Gabi, Michael; Vörös, János; Vorholt, Julia A.; Zambelli, Tomaso

    2010-07-01

    The FluidFM technology uses microchanneled atomic force microscope cantilevers that are fixed to a drilled atomic force microscope cantilevers probeholder. A continuous fluidic circuit is thereby achieved extending from an external liquid reservoir, through the probeholder and the hollow cantilever to the tip aperture. In this way, both overpressure and an underpressure can be applied to the liquid reservoir and hence to the built-in fluidic circuit. We describe in this letter how standard atomic force microscopy in combination with regulated pressure differences inside the microchanneled cantilevers can be used to displace living organisms with micrometric precision in a nondestructive way. The protocol is applicable to both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells (e.g., mammalian cells, yeasts, and bacteria) in physiological buffer. By means of this procedure, cells can also be transferred from one glass slide to another one or onto an agar medium.

  5. Novel “Enhanced-Cognition” RFID Architectures on Organic/Paper Low-Cost Substrates Utilizing Inkjet Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Yang

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of novel design and integration approaches for improved performance “enhanced-cognition” UHF passive and active radio frequency identification (RFID tags. Antenna design rules are explained for a variety of applications. A strategy that is currently under development for embedding power sources and integration of sensors and integrated circuits (ICs on low-cost organic substrates, such as liquid crystal polymer (LCP and paper, enabling the use of inkjet-printing capability for the UHF frequency band, is discussed in the paper. The proposed technologies could potentially revolutionize RFID tags allowing for integrated sensing capabilities for various applications such as security, military, logistics, automotion, and pharmaceutics.

  6. Technology for recycling of manure and organic residues in a whole-farm perspective. Vol. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, Soeren O. (ed.)

    2006-08-15

    Efficient use of agricultural residues and imported waste materials within agriculture is increasingly viewed from a whole-farm perspective. A wide range of management decisions - including feeding, manure collection systems, and treatment for hygienization or energy production - influence the nutrient value and environmental impact of agricultural residues. Field application of manure and urban wastes are affected by societal constraints, such as legislation, tradition, consumer attitudes towards waste recycling, and pollution risks. Hence, the optimal use of manure and organic wastes as a nutrient source and soil conditioner interacts strongly with many other aspects of farming. The objective behind this 12th International Conference of the Ramiran network is to present and discuss on-farm interactions between manure and waste management practices, and to consider methods to describe and quantify the overall effects of a given strategy or treatment practice. Accordingly, the research presented at the conference and in the proceedings cover a wide range of topics, from feed impact on manure composition to environmental losses in the field, from energy production to odour control, from biochemistry to modelling. We hope that everyone involved in the conference will see this as an opportunity to discover interfaces with other research areas that can strengthen the whole-farm perspective of future research. (au)

  7. Technology for recycling of manure and organic residues in a whole-farm perspective. Vol. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, Soeren O. (ed.)

    2006-08-15

    Efficient use of agricultural residues and imported waste materials within agriculture is increasingly viewed from a whole-farm perspective. A wide range of management decisions - including feeding, manure collection systems, and treatment for hygienization or energy production - influence the nutrient value and environmental impact of agricultural residues. Field application of manure and urban wastes are affected by societal constraints, such as legislation, tradition, consumer attitudes towards waste recycling, and pollution risks. Hence, the optimal use of manure and organic wastes as a nutrient source and soil conditioner interacts strongly with many other aspects of farming. The objective behind this 12th International Conference of the Ramiran network is to present and discuss on-farm interactions between manure and waste management practices, and to consider methods to describe and quantify the overall effects of a given strategy or treatment practice. Accordingly, the research presented at the conference and in the proceedings cover a wide range of topics, from feed impact on manure composition to environmental losses in the field, from energy production to odour control, from biochemistry to modelling. We hope that everyone involved in the conference will see this as an opportunity to discover interfaces with other research areas that can strengthen the whole-farm perspective of future research. (au)

  8. In situ oxidation remediation technologies: kinetic of hydrogen peroxide decomposition on soil organic matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Arturo; Santos, Aurora; Vicente, Fernando; Rodriguez, Sergio; Lafuente, A Lopez

    2009-10-30

    Rates of hydrogen peroxide decomposition were investigated in soils slurries. The interaction soil-hydrogen peroxide was studied using a slurry system at 20 degrees C and pH 7. To determine the role of soil organic matter (SOM) in the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, several experiments were carried out with two soils with different SOM content (S1=15.1%, S2=10%). The influence of the oxidant dosage ([H2O2](o) from 10 to 30 g L(-1) and soil weight to liquid phase volume ratio=500 g L(-1)) was investigated using the two calcareous loamy sand soil samples. The results showed a rate dependency on both SOM and hydrogen peroxide concentration being the H2O2 decomposition rate over soil surface described by a second-order kinetic expression r(H2O2) = -dn(H2O2) / W(SOM) dt = kC(H2O2) C(SOM). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was used to evaluate the effect caused by the application of this oxidant on the SOM content. It was found a slightly increase of SOM content after treatment with hydrogen peroxide, probably due to the incorporation of oxygen from the oxidant (hydrogen peroxide).

  9. Visible Photodetectors Based on Organic-Inorganic Hybrids Using Electrostatic Spraying Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang-Wen Ji

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses an organic-inorganic hybrid white photodetector with the structure of ITO /AZO/ZnO NWs:P3HT: PCBM/PEDOT: PSS/Al produced with an electrostatic spraying method. The method of production was as follows: First, different spraying methods (continuous spraying, discontinuous spraying and different spraying times were tested before the final electrostatic spraying. Then, different annealing times (10 min and 20 min were tested to anneal the coated film. Lastly, we investigated the photoelectric properties, including transparency analysis of the film surface topography through XRD, OM, FE-SEM, AFM and UV-VIS. The results showed that the detector with discontinuous spraying and 20 mins annealing had a photocurrent of approx. 22.1×10-4A, dark current (drain current of approx. 1.94×10-7A, and a ratio of photocurrent to dark current of approximately 1.14×104, which produced optimal photoelectric characteristics.

  10. NEW STRATEGIES OF ORGANIZING THE TECHNOLOGIC FLOW WITHIN THE SHEEP AND GOATS’ FARMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CAMELIA ZOIA ZAMFIR

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available With the purpose of increasing the total milk production and milked production, the superposition of sheep and goats’ milking over the servicing period and over the first two months of gestation. This fact influenced the milk sheep population – Palas an increase of the total average of milk with 14.58%, confronted by the sheep weaned before the servicing and by a milked production greater with 4.61%. The total average of milk production of sheep belonging to Palas Merino breed was 18.8% greater to the sheep within the gestation period and which were milked than the production of the sheep which were weaned before the servicing period, the average production of milked milk being 48.53%. The total average of milk production of the goats belonging to Carpatina breed was 30.,4% and 24.0 % greater to the goats within the gestation period and which were milked confronted by the production of the weaned goats before the servicing period and the average production of milked milk was 58.7% and 51.6% greater. In order to increase the milk production as merchandise the modification of suckling lambs and kids growing technology took place and also the early weaning of lambs and kids. The lambs belonging to Palas Merino breed were weaned at the average age of 44 days and having the weight of 14.78 ± 0.25 kg males and 14.34 ± 0.27 kg females; the lambs belonging to milk production Palas population were weaned at the average age of 38 days and having the weight of 12.05 ± 0.22 kg males and 11.16 ± 0.51 kg females ;the lambs belonging to Palas population were weaned at the average age of 42 days; the kids belonging to Carpatina breed were weaned at the age of 48 days .

  11. Discussion on Fertilizer Use Technology of Organic Vegetables%有机蔬菜的肥料使用技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冬林

    2014-01-01

    从介绍有机蔬菜的合理施肥原则与种类出发,论述了有机肥在有机蔬菜上的应用,包括肥料无害化处理技术及施肥技术,阐述了绿肥在有机蔬菜上的应用,并讨论了微生物肥料在有机蔬菜上的使用方法。%Starting from introducing the rational fertilization principles and fertilizer species of organic vegetables, the applications of organic fertilizer on organic vegetables were discussed from the following aspects, including harmless processing technology and fertilization technology of fertilizer. The applications of green manures on organic fertilizer were elaborated. Moreover, the applications of microbial fertilizers on organic fertilizer were discussed .

  12. Knowledge Attitude and Behavior of Medical Technology Vocational Training School Students About Genetically Modified Organisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safak Taner Gursoy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To determine The Medical Technology Vocational Training School (MTVTS students’ the knowledge about the effects of GMO on human health and environment and to evaluate their attitude and behavior has been aimed. METHODS: All of the second class students of the year 2006-2007 of MTVTS were included (N=161 in the study, response rate was 92%. The survey questionare included questions on knowledge, the risk perception and attitute about GMOs. The legal framework in Turkey about GMOs, the rationale for GMO production, the labeling for GMO and the students’ perception of their knowledge was evaluated through 14 items with Likert scale. After the questionaire, the students received an informative brochure on GMOs. RESULTS: The open-ended question asking to define GMOs was answered by 59,2% of the students among which 35,6% defined as “additive”, 34,5% as “food with hormones”. The risk perceived for GMOs was the forth following cigarette smoking, stres, and environmental pollution in the ranking according to the risk score means. Sex has been the only determinant effecting this scoring for GMOs where girls perceived the risk greater. If family was one of the information sources about GMOs, the perceived risk was increased (p=0,000. Among the students 81,6% thought that GMO should not be grown in Turkey, 77,7% think that GMO was sold however. The leading topic of ambivalence is the state of self knowledge on GMO. The low income group are less concerned about consuming GMO for themselves or for their children (respectively p==0.003 ve p=0,012. CONCLUSION: Health workers are assigned with an important role to inform the public for healthy eating. However although the the risk perception of the study group for GMOs is high, their knowledge is low. Training activities to supply this deficiency should be implemented. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(6.000: 503-508

  13. Assessing the impacts of changes in treatment technology on energy and greenhouse gas balances for organic waste and wastewater treatment using historical data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jens Aage; Poulsen, Tjalfe

    2009-01-01

    that the organic waste quantity and composition is the same in 1970 and 2005, the technology change over this time period has resulted in a progression from a net annual GHG emission of 200 kg CO2-eq. capita ĝ€"1 in 1970 to a net saving of 170 kg CO 2-eq. capitaĝ€"1 in 2005 for management of urban organic wastes.......Historical data on organic waste and wastewater treatment during the period of 1970ĝ€"2020 were used to assess the impact of treatment on energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) balances. The assessment included the waste fractions: Sewage sludge, food waste, yard waste and other organic waste (paper...... production from the remaining organic municipal waste. Wastewater treatment has changed from direct discharge of untreated wastewater to full organic matter and nutrient (N, P) removal combined with anaerobic digestion of the sludge for biogas production with power and heat generation. These changes...

  14. Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (Cl-VOCs) in environment - sources, potential human health impacts, and current remediation technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Binbin; Lei, Chao; Wei, Chaohai; Zeng, Guangming

    2014-10-01

    Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (Cl-VOCs), including polychloromethanes, polychloroethanes and polychloroethylenes, are widely used as solvents, degreasing agents and a variety of commercial products. These compounds belong to a group of ubiquitous contaminants that can be found in contaminated soil, air and any kind of fluvial mediums such as groundwater, rivers and lakes. This review presents a summary of the research concerning the production levels and sources of Cl-VOCs, their potential impacts on human health as well as state-of-the-art remediation technologies. Important sources of Cl-VOCs principally include the emissions from industrial processes, the consumption of Cl-VOC-containing products, the disinfection process, as well as improper storage and disposal methods. Human exposure to Cl-VOCs can occur through different routes, including ingestion, inhalation and dermal contact. The toxicological impacts of these compounds have been carefully assessed, and the results demonstrate the potential associations of cancer incidence with exposure to Cl-VOCs. Most Cl-VOCs thus have been listed as priority pollutants by the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) of China, Environmental Protection Agency of the U.S. (U.S. EPA) and European Commission (EC), and are under close monitor and strict control. Yet, more efforts will be put into the epidemiological studies for the risk of human exposure to Cl-VOCs and the exposure level measurements in contaminated sites in the future. State-of-the-art remediation technologies for Cl-VOCs employ non-destructive methods and destructive methods (e.g. thermal incineration, phytoremediation, biodegradation, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) and reductive dechlorination), whose advantages, drawbacks and future developments are thoroughly discussed in the later sections.

  15. Technology Licensing to Non-Traditional Partners: Non-Profit Health Product Development Organizations for Better Global Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Charles; Garner, Cathy

    2005-01-01

    The commercialization of technologies arising from university research depends on the ability of technology managers to find and contract with appropriate development partners. Substantial investment is required to bring new health-science technologies to market, and when such technologies appear to have limited commercial markets it can be…

  16. SITE EVALUATION OF SOIL AMENDMENT TECHNOLOGIES AT THE CROOKSVILLE/ROSEVILLE POTTERY AREA OF CONCERN - STAR ORGANICS SOIL RESCUE INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT (ITER)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Star Organics, L.L.C., of Dallas, Texas (Star Organics) has developed Soil Rescue to treat soil contaminated with metals. Star Organics claims that Soil Rescue forms metal complexes that immobilize toxic metals, thereby reducing the risk to human health and the environment. The ...

  17. Regional Transmission Organizations and Wind Energy: A Happy Marriage or Divorce Proceedings?; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, B.; Porter, K.

    2002-05-01

    In 1996, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued Order 888, which required transmission-owning utilities under FERC jurisdiction to provide open access transmission service to eligible wholesale power customers. Among other things, the elements of electric service are unbundled, meaning that wind project developers must not only find a taker for the energy but also potentially make interconnection, ancillary service, and transmission arrangements for their wind projects. In 1999, the FERC issued Order 2000, which required transmission-owning utilities to file an intent with FERC on whether they have joined or plan to join a regional transmission organization (RTO). Order 2000 also required RTOs to meet certain criteria and be approved by FERC in order to begin operations as an RTO. More recently, FERC said it would issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in 2002 on certain requirements and services, often termed''standard market design'' (SMD), that must be included in all transmission tariffs filed at FERC. This paper discusses the chronology of open access transmission issues, from Order 888 onward, and reviews some of the important issues raised by FERC's SMD initiative.

  18. Regional Transmission Organizations and Wind Energy: A Happy Marriage or Divorce Proceedings?; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, B.; Porter, K.

    2002-05-01

    In 1996, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued Order 888, which required transmission-owning utilities under FERC jurisdiction to provide open access transmission service to eligible wholesale power customers. Among other things, the elements of electric service are unbundled, meaning that wind project developers must not only find a taker for the energy but also potentially make interconnection, ancillary service, and transmission arrangements for their wind projects. In 1999, the FERC issued Order 2000, which required transmission-owning utilities to file an intent with FERC on whether they have joined or plan to join a regional transmission organization (RTO). Order 2000 also required RTOs to meet certain criteria and be approved by FERC in order to begin operations as an RTO. More recently, FERC said it would issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in 2002 on certain requirements and services, often termed''standard market design'' (SMD), that must be included in all transmission tariffs filed at FERC. This paper discusses the chronology of open access transmission issues, from Order 888 onward, and reviews some of the important issues raised by FERC's SMD initiative.

  19. 网格:面向虚拟组织的资源共享技术%Grid:Resources Sharing Technologies for VO(Virtual Organizations)-Oriented

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高全泉

    2003-01-01

    The "Grid" was coined in the mid1990s to denote a proposed distributed computing infrastructure for ad-vaced science and engineering. Now, it has emerged as an important new field. Grid computing can be defined as co-ordinated resources sharing and problem solving in dynamic , multi-institutional virtual organizations. In this paper,we introduce the idea of virtual organizations, present characteristics and requirments of virtual organizations resoucessharing , some important terms in Grid technologies are defined, and principle fundementals and critical ideas of Gridarchitecture are disscussed.

  20. Harnessing microbial gene pools to remediate persistent organic pollutants using genetically modified plants--a viable technology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rylott, Elizabeth L; Johnston, Emily J; Bruce, Neil C

    2015-11-01

    It has been 14 years since the international community came together to legislate the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), restricting the production and use of specific chemicals that were found to be environmentally stable, often bioaccumulating, with long-term toxic effects. Efforts are continuing to remove these pollutants from the environment. While incineration and chemical treatment can be successful, these methods require the removal of tonnes of soil, at high cost, and are damaging to soil structure and microbial communities. The engineering of plants for in situ POP remediation has had highly promising results, and could be a more environmentally-friendly alternative. This review discusses the characterization of POP-degrading bacterial pathways, and how the genes responsible have been harnessed using genetic modification (GM) to introduce these same abilities into plants. Recent advances in multi-gene cloning, genome editing technologies and expression in monocot species are accelerating progress with remediation-applicable species. Examples include plants developed to degrade 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), trichloroethylene (TCE), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). However, the costs and timescales needed to gain regulatory approval, along with continued public opposition, are considerable. The benefits and challenges in this rapidly developing and promising field are discussed. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  1. Purgeable organic compounds at or near the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maimer, Neil V.; Bartholomay, Roy C.

    2016-05-25

    During 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, collected groundwater samples from 31 wells at or near the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at the Idaho National Laboratory for purgeable organic compounds (POCs). The samples were collected and analyzed for the purpose of evaluating whether purge water from wells located inside an areal polygon established downgradient of the INTEC must be treated as a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act listed waste.POC concentrations in water samples from 29 of 31 wells completed in the eastern Snake River Plain aquifer were greater than their detection limit, determined from detection and quantitation calculation software, for at least one to four POCs. Of the 29 wells with concentrations greater than their detection limits, only 20 had concentrations greater than the laboratory reporting limit as calculated with detection and quantitation calculation software. None of the concentrations exceeded any maximum contaminant levels established for public drinking water supplies. Most commonly detected compounds were 1,1,1-trichoroethane, 1,1-dichloroethene, and trichloroethene.

  2. Technologies of value of organic wastes depending of pollution degree; Las tecnologias de valorizacion de residuos organicos en funcion del grado de contaminacion de los residuos de partida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elias, X.; Jurado, L.

    2004-07-01

    The present article outlines the diverse possibilities afforded by present-day technology for treating the fermentable organic fraction, depending on the homogeneity of the waste collected. In accordance with the degree of contamination of the initial waste, the different possible processes for treating the organic matter are described: pasteurisation, for the very clean and homogeneous waste, composting and methanization depending on the greeter degree of contamination of the initial waste. Nevertheless, technologies based on methanization or anaerobic digestion also have at their limits regarding the presence of contaminants and the current trend for more problematic waste is their use in the manufacture of bio fuels, Finally, reference is made to the different thermal treatment technologies. (Author)

  3. A multi-criteria ranking of different technologies for the anaerobic digestion for energy recovery of the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karagiannidis, A; Perkoulidis, G

    2009-04-01

    This paper describes a conceptual framework and methodological tool developed for the evaluation of different anaerobic digestion technologies suitable for treating the organic fraction of municipal solid waste, by introducing the multi-criteria decision support method Electre III and demonstrating its related applicability via a test application. Several anaerobic digestion technologies have been proposed over the last years; when compared to biogas recovery from landfills, their advantage is the stability in biogas production and the stabilization of waste prior to final disposal. Anaerobic digestion technologies also show great adaptability to a broad spectrum of different input material beside the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (e.g. agricultural and animal wastes, sewage sludge) and can also be used in remote and isolated communities, either stand-alone or in conjunction to other renewable energy sources. Main driver for this work was the preliminary screening of such methods for potential application in Hellenic islands in the municipal solid waste management sector. Anaerobic digestion technologies follow different approaches to the anaerobic digestion process and also can include production of compost. In the presented multi-criteria analysis exercise, Electre III is implemented for comparing and ranking 5 selected alternative anaerobic digestion technologies. The results of a performed sensitivity analysis are then discussed. In conclusion, the performed multi-criteria approach was found to be a practical and feasible method for the integrated assessment and ranking of anaerobic digestion technologies by also considering different viewpoints and other uncertainties of the decision-making process.

  4. Abatement Technologies for Volatile Organic Compounds in Emissions from Biofuel Driers; Reningsteknik foer organiska aemnen i utslaepp till luft vid biobraensletorkning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, Karin; Ehrstedt, Thomas [Sycon Energikonsult AB, Malmoe (Sweden)

    2000-06-01

    This report is a part of a program at Vaermeforsk called Drying of Biofuels and deals with abatement technologies for volatile organic compounds (VOC) in biofuel drier emissions. The report gives an account of the amount of organic matter in wood and in drying gases and also of different abatement technologies for VOC. Processes from about 20 contractors are briefly described. The conclusions from this work are that thermal or catalytic oxidizing technologies in connection with regenerative heat recovery seems to be the most suitable technique for this application. Both technologies should give a degree of purification above 95 %. The purification cost for a typical case has been estimated to about 22 SEK per kg removed organic matter in both cases. The investment cost is higher for the catalytic oxidizer (6-20 MSEK for a 60.000 Nm{sup 3} /h catalytic plant compared to 4-6,5 MSEK for a thermal plant) but the fuel cost is lower. Condensation is a usable technique but it suffers from bad degree of purification. By using a wet electrostatic precipitator (WESP) the degree of purification can be enhanced but it will still be lower than for the oxidizers. Adsorption and absorption are not suitable for gases at high temperatures containing several different organic compounds at low concentrations, which is the case in biofuel drying. This means high purification costs and low degree of purification. Other technologies that have been found less suitable are biological purification and membrane technology. World-wide there are a few reference plants based on thermal oxidizing in connection with biofuel drying. Otherwise the experiences are very limited. According to this, tests in pilot plant scale are recommended before investment in a full-scale plant for biofuel driers.

  5. Public Enlightenment Education on the Acceptance of Fingerprint Biometric Technology for Administration in Academic Institutions and Other Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eze, Samuel Godwin; Chijioke, Edmond Ogochukwu

    2016-01-01

    This research presents the overview of the origin of fingerprint biometric technology, the opinion of the public on the acceptance of fingerprint biometric technology and the means of instilling confidence on the public for the total acceptance of the technology. Data was collected with the aid of a lecture and structured questionnaires…

  6. The Unintended Consequences of Technological Change: Winners and Losers from GM Technologies and the Policy Response in the Organic Food Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart Smyth

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is often said that innovations create winners and losers. All innovations are somewhat disruptive, but some have more distributed effects. We have a sense of who the winners are and how much they gain. Yet, how much do losers actually lose? Organic farmers frequently like to publicly announce that they are the losers following the commercialization of genetically modified (GM crops, yet consumers in search of non-GM products have helped increase demand for organic products, something that would not have occurred in the absence of GM crops. Are organic farmers really losers? This article lays out the argument that were it not for the commercialization of GM crop varieties in the mid-1990s, organic production and food sectors would not be at the level they enjoy today. That is, the commercialization of GM crops has made the organic industry better off than had GM crops not been commercialized. Theoretical modelling of the organic benefits is complemented by supportive market data. The article concludes that in spite of numerous vocal offerings about the adverse impacts suffered by the organic industry due to GM crop production, the organic industry has gained significantly from that which they vociferously criticize.

  7. Effective elimination of organic matter interference in boron isotopic analysis by thermal ionization mass spectrometry of coral/foraminifera: micro-sublimation technology combined with ion exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Maoyong; Xiao, Yingkai; Ma, Yunqi; Jin, Zhangdong; Xiao, Jun

    2011-03-30

    In order to better estimate the effectiveness of micro-sublimation technology on the elimination of organic matter interference during boron isotopic analysis, a series of improved experiments was carried out using simple apparatus. Recovery rates after micro-sublimation were measured for boric acid solutions with different B contents or different B/organic matter ratios. The improved micro-sublimation procedure combined with ion-exchange technology was then used to test natural samples (coral and foraminifera) for the separation of boron. Our results show that the time taken for 100% recovery of different amounts of B differed and that the proportions of B/organic matter within the natural organic matter have little effect on the relationship between the recovery rates of B and the micro-sublimation times. The experiments further confirm that the organic matter does indeed have an effect on boron isotope analyses by positive thermal ionization mass spectrometry and that the use of micro-sublimation can effectively remove interferences from the organic matter during boron isotopic analysis.

  8. What factors determine the choice of public engagement undertaken by health technology assessment decision-making organizations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wortley, Sally; Street, Jackie; Lipworth, Wendy; Howard, Kirsten

    2016-09-19

    Purpose Public engagement in health technology assessment (HTA) is increasingly considered crucial for good decision making. Determining the "right" type of engagement activity is key in achieving the appropriate consideration of public values. Little is known about the factors that determine how HTA organizations (HTAOs) decide on their method of public engagement, and there are a number of possible factors that might shape these decisions. The purpose of this paper is to understand the potential drivers of public engagement from an organizational perspective. Design/methodology/approach The published HTA literature is reviewed alongside existing frameworks of public engagement in order to elucidate key factors influencing the choice of public engagement process undertaken by HTAOs. A conceptual framework is then developed to illustrate the factors identified from the literature that appear to influence public engagement choice. Findings Determining the type of public engagement undertaken in HTA is based on multiple factors, some of which are not always explicitly acknowledged. These factors included the: perceived complexity of the policy-making issue, perceived impact of the decision, transparency and opportunities for public involvement in governance, as well as time and resource constraints. The influences of these factors vary depending on the context, indicating that a one size fits all approach to public engagement may not be effective. Originality/value Awareness of the various factors that might influence the type of public engagement undertaken would enable decision makers to reflect on their choices and be more accountable and transparent about their choice of engagement process in eliciting public values and preferences in a HTAO.

  9. PCR-Free Detection of Genetically Modified Organisms Using Magnetic Capture Technology and Fluorescence Cross-Correlation Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoming; Xing, Da; Tang, Yonghong; Chen, Wei R.

    2009-01-01

    The safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has attracted much attention recently. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification is a common method used in the identification of GMOs. However, a major disadvantage of PCR is the potential amplification of non-target DNA, causing false-positive identification. Thus, there remains a need for a simple, reliable and ultrasensitive method to identify and quantify GMO in crops. This report is to introduce a magnetic bead-based PCR-free method for rapid detection of GMOs using dual-color fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS). The cauliflower mosaic virus 35S (CaMV35S) promoter commonly used in transgenic products was targeted. CaMV35S target was captured by a biotin-labeled nucleic acid probe and then purified using streptavidin-coated magnetic beads through biotin-streptavidin linkage. The purified target DNA fragment was hybridized with two nucleic acid probes labeled respectively by Rhodamine Green and Cy5 dyes. Finally, FCCS was used to detect and quantify the target DNA fragment through simultaneously detecting the fluorescence emissions from the two dyes. In our study, GMOs in genetically engineered soybeans and tomatoes were detected, using the magnetic bead-based PCR-free FCCS method. A detection limit of 50 pM GMOs target was achieved and PCR-free detection of GMOs from 5 µg genomic DNA with magnetic capture technology was accomplished. Also, the accuracy of GMO determination by the FCCS method is verified by spectrophotometry at 260 nm using PCR amplified target DNA fragment from GM tomato. The new method is rapid and effective as demonstrated in our experiments and can be easily extended to high-throughput and automatic screening format. We believe that the new magnetic bead-assisted FCCS detection technique will be a useful tool for PCR-free GMOs identification and other specific nucleic acids. PMID:19956680

  10. PCR-free detection of genetically modified organisms using magnetic capture technology and fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoming Zhou

    Full Text Available The safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs has attracted much attention recently. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR amplification is a common method used in the identification of GMOs. However, a major disadvantage of PCR is the potential amplification of non-target DNA, causing false-positive identification. Thus, there remains a need for a simple, reliable and ultrasensitive method to identify and quantify GMO in crops. This report is to introduce a magnetic bead-based PCR-free method for rapid detection of GMOs using dual-color fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS. The cauliflower mosaic virus 35S (CaMV35S promoter commonly used in transgenic products was targeted. CaMV35S target was captured by a biotin-labeled nucleic acid probe and then purified using streptavidin-coated magnetic beads through biotin-streptavidin linkage. The purified target DNA fragment was hybridized with two nucleic acid probes labeled respectively by Rhodamine Green and Cy5 dyes. Finally, FCCS was used to detect and quantify the target DNA fragment through simultaneously detecting the fluorescence emissions from the two dyes. In our study, GMOs in genetically engineered soybeans and tomatoes were detected, using the magnetic bead-based PCR-free FCCS method. A detection limit of 50 pM GMOs target was achieved and PCR-free detection of GMOs from 5 microg genomic DNA with magnetic capture technology was accomplished. Also, the accuracy of GMO determination by the FCCS method is verified by spectrophotometry at 260 nm using PCR amplified target DNA fragment from GM tomato. The new method is rapid and effective as demonstrated in our experiments and can be easily extended to high-throughput and automatic screening format. We believe that the new magnetic bead-assisted FCCS detection technique will be a useful tool for PCR-free GMOs identification and other specific nucleic acids.

  11. PCR-free detection of genetically modified organisms using magnetic capture technology and fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoming; Xing, Da; Tang, Yonghong; Chen, Wei R

    2009-11-26

    The safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has attracted much attention recently. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification is a common method used in the identification of GMOs. However, a major disadvantage of PCR is the potential amplification of non-target DNA, causing false-positive identification. Thus, there remains a need for a simple, reliable and ultrasensitive method to identify and quantify GMO in crops. This report is to introduce a magnetic bead-based PCR-free method for rapid detection of GMOs using dual-color fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS). The cauliflower mosaic virus 35S (CaMV35S) promoter commonly used in transgenic products was targeted. CaMV35S target was captured by a biotin-labeled nucleic acid probe and then purified using streptavidin-coated magnetic beads through biotin-streptavidin linkage. The purified target DNA fragment was hybridized with two nucleic acid probes labeled respectively by Rhodamine Green and Cy5 dyes. Finally, FCCS was used to detect and quantify the target DNA fragment through simultaneously detecting the fluorescence emissions from the two dyes. In our study, GMOs in genetically engineered soybeans and tomatoes were detected, using the magnetic bead-based PCR-free FCCS method. A detection limit of 50 pM GMOs target was achieved and PCR-free detection of GMOs from 5 microg genomic DNA with magnetic capture technology was accomplished. Also, the accuracy of GMO determination by the FCCS method is verified by spectrophotometry at 260 nm using PCR amplified target DNA fragment from GM tomato. The new method is rapid and effective as demonstrated in our experiments and can be easily extended to high-throughput and automatic screening format. We believe that the new magnetic bead-assisted FCCS detection technique will be a useful tool for PCR-free GMOs identification and other specific nucleic acids.

  12. Organs-on-Chips in Drug Development: The Importance of Involving Stakeholders in Early Health Technology Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Middelkamp, Heleen H.T.; Meer, van der Andries D.; Hummel, J. Marjan; Stamatialis, Dimitrios F.; Mummery, Christine L.; Passier, Robert; IJzerman, Maarten J.

    2016-01-01

    Organs-on-chips are three-dimensional, microfluidic cell culture systems that simulate the function of tissues and organ subunits. Organ-on-chip systems are expected to contribute to drug candidate screening and the reduction of animal tests in preclinical drug development and may increase efficienc

  13. The Innovation Deficit in Urban Water: The Need for an Integrated Perspective on Institutions, Organizations, and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiparsky, Michael; Sedlak, David L; Thompson, Barton H; Truffer, Bernhard

    2013-08-01

    Interaction between institutional change and technological change poses important constraints on transitions of urban water systems to a state that can meet future needs. Research on urban water and other technology-dependent systems provides insights that are valuable to technology researchers interested in assuring that their efforts will have an impact. In the context of research on institutional change, innovation is the development, application, diffusion, and utilization of new knowledge and technology. This definition is intentionally inclusive: technological innovation will play a key role in reinvention of urban water systems, but is only part of what is necessary. Innovation usually depends on context, such that major changes to infrastructure include not only the technological inventions that drive greater efficiencies and physical transformations of water treatment and delivery systems, but also the political, cultural, social, and economic factors that hinder and enable such changes. On the basis of past and present changes in urban water systems, institutional innovation will be of similar importance to technological innovation in urban water reinvention. To solve current urban water infrastructure challenges, technology-focused researchers need to recognize the intertwined nature of technologies and institutions and the social systems that control change.

  14. Government Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause Hansen, Hans; Salskov-Iversen, Dorte

    2017-01-01

    , with clearly defined boundaries between the public and private; and in terms of polycentrism, where power and authority are seen as dispersed among state and nonstate organizations, including business and civil society organizations. Globalization and new media technologies imply changes in the relationship...... democracy and the public sphere; and discourse approaches to studying the intersections of government, organizational change, and information and communication technology....

  15. Technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies in the Cantabrian region. Interpreting the lithic industry and fauna from the lowermost levels (V, VI and VII of Lezetxiki cave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talía LAZUÉN

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies that inhabited the Cantabrian region. We use the information provided by the lithic industry excavated in the three lowermost levels (V, VI and VII of Lezetxiki cave. We also explore the other related evidences, especially those inferred from faunal remains. The analysis and explanation of the technical activities fits in a general perspective centered in the production-management-function subsystem.

  16. Technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies in the Cantabrian region. Interpreting the lithic industry and fauna from the lowermost levels (V, VI and VII) of Lezetxiki cave

    OpenAIRE

    Talía LAZUÉN; Altuna, Jesús

    2011-01-01

    This article studies the technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies that inhabited the Cantabrian region. We use the information provided by the lithic industry excavated in the three lowermost levels (V, VI and VII) of Lezetxiki cave. We also explore the other related evidences, especially those inferred from faunal remains. The analysis and explanation of the technical activities fits in a general perspective centered in the production-management-function subsystem. En...

  17. 技术创新过程的自组织演化模型%Evolutionary Model of Self-organization in Technological Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦雨生

    2011-01-01

    Industrial technological innovation is the essence of innovation economics and evolutionary economics. Only when the evolutionary law of technological innovation is recognized, will. it bring great fortune. This paper builds an evolutionary model of self - organization in technological innovation by referencing the species equation of biology and laser intensity equation of quantum mechan- ics, then analyzes the stability and bifurcation, mutation and gradient of this model, and reveals the mechanism and evolutionary process of self - organization from one state to another in technological innovation.%产业技术创新是创新经济学与演化经济学关注的核心问题。只有正确地认识技术创新活动的演变规律,才能真正拥有创新所带来的巨大财富。本文参照生物学中的物种方程和量子力学中的激光光强演化方程,构建了技术创新的自组织演化模型,分析了该模型的稳定性与分岔、突变及渐变,揭示了技术创新从一种状态结构演变为另一种状态结构的自组织机制及过程。

  18. Soil aquifer treatment (SAT) as a natural and sustainable wastewater reclamation/reuse technology: fate of wastewater effluent organic matter (EfOM) and trace organic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amy, Gary; Drewes, Jörg

    2007-06-01

    Through the use of innovative analytical tools, the removal/transformation of wastewater effluent organic matter (EfOM) have been tracked through soil aquifer treatment (SAT). While the total amount of EfOM is significantly reduced by SAT, there are trends of shorter term versus longer term removals of specific EfOM fractions. The preferential removal of non-humic components (e.g., proteins, polysaccharides) of EfOM occurs over shorter travel times/distances while humic components (i.e., humic substances) are removed over longer travel times/distances, with the removal of both by sustainable biodegradation. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), a surrogate for protein-like EfOM, is also effectively removed over shorter term SAT. There is some background humic-like natural organic matter (NOM), associated with the drinking water source within the watershed, that persists through SAT. While most effluent-derived trace organic compounds are removed to varying degrees as a function of travel time and redox conditions, a few persist even through longer term SAT.

  19. Reference Guide to Non-combustion Technologies for Remediation of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Soil, Second Edition - 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report is the second edition of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (US EPA's) 2005 report and provides a high level summary of information on the applicability of existing and emerging noncombustion technologies for the remediation of...

  20. One-step fabrication of an organ-on-a-chip with spatial heterogeneity using a 3D bioprinting technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyungseok; Cho, Dong-Woo

    2016-07-05

    Although various types of organs-on-chips have been introduced recently as tools for drug discovery, the current studies are limited in terms of fabrication methods. The fabrication methods currently available not only need a secondary cell-seeding process and result in severe protein absorption due to the material used, but also have difficulties in providing various cell types and extracellular matrix (ECM) environments for spatial heterogeneity in the organs-on-chips. Therefore, in this research, we introduce a novel 3D bioprinting method for organ-on-a-chip applications. With our novel 3D bioprinting method, it was possible to prepare an organ-on-a-chip in a simple one-step fabrication process. Furthermore, protein absorption on the printed platform was very low, which will lead to accurate measurement of metabolism and drug sensitivity. Moreover, heterotypic cell types and biomaterials were successfully used and positioned at the desired position for various organ-on-a-chip applications, which will promote full mimicry of the natural conditions of the organs. The liver organ was selected for the evaluation of the developed method, and liver function was shown to be significantly enhanced on the liver-on-a-chip, which was prepared by 3D bioprinting. Consequently, the results demonstrate that the suggested 3D bioprinting method is easier and more versatile for production of organs-on-chips.

  1. Innovative technology and sustainable development of organic dairy farming : the case of automatic milking systems in Denmark

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudshoorn, F.W.

    2009-01-01

    Development of organic dairy farming in Denmark is characterized by up-scaling, increasing productivity and automation. Increasing discussion on compliance with organic principles and sustainability has been forwarded. Automatic milking systems (AMS) are part of this development and have been

  2. Digitally-Enabled Organizational Routines at the Organization-Environment Boundary: Buffering and the Role of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, Derek William

    2009-01-01

    Boundary units of an organization uniquely experience the tension between adaptation to environmental variation and maintaining stable outcomes for the rest of the organization. In our world of just-in-time supply chain systems, lot-sizes of one, lean manufacturing and an increasing focus on services, traditional forms of buffering such as queuing…

  3. Digitally-Enabled Organizational Routines at the Organization-Environment Boundary: Buffering and the Role of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, Derek William

    2009-01-01

    Boundary units of an organization uniquely experience the tension between adaptation to environmental variation and maintaining stable outcomes for the rest of the organization. In our world of just-in-time supply chain systems, lot-sizes of one, lean manufacturing and an increasing focus on services, traditional forms of buffering such as queuing…

  4. One of possible variants of the organization for recycling lubricate cooling of technological means for small businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusica, I.; Toca, A.; Stingaci, I.; Scaticailov, S.; Scaticailov, I.; Marinescu, O.; Kosenko, P.

    2016-11-01

    In the paper we analyze the application lubricate cooling technological environment in the processing of various materials in the past century greatly have increased cutting speed and respectively, has increased productivity [1]. Today, none of production in which anyway is used metal cutting machines of all types (milling, turning, grinding, drilling, etc.) is not without lubricant cooling technological liquid which in turn are designed to reduce cutting force and the load on metal cutting machine tools and machined parts in order to increase durability machine tools and reduce errors of processing details and also in resource energy saving. When using lubricate cooling technological environment reduces the temperature in the cutting zone resulting in higher tool life and the preservation of the surface structure being treated reducing wear of metal parts of the machine. Typically, lubricant cooling process fluids is used without replacing as long as possible not yet beginning to negatively affect the quality of process. However life expectancy lubricate cooling technological environment is limited. According to existing normative acts every kind of lubricate cooling technological environment through certain time must be deleted by from the system and subjected to a recycling. Lubricate cooling technological environment must be disposed of for the following reasons: occurs the microbial and the mechanical pollution cutting fluid, free oil impairs operational characteristics cutting fluid and increases consumption.

  5. 持续数据保护技术的优势分析%ANALYSIS ON ADVANTAGES OF CONTINUOUS DATA PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李大山

    2011-01-01

    With the increasing importance of data in today's information society, data protection technologies have become essential.The new data protection technology, Continuous Data Protection (CDP), becomes the focus of people when it emerged.It enhances the data protection capability, achieves rapid recovery of data, enhances services continuity and provides good RPO and RTO with its low cost and low complexity.This paper introduces CDP technology first of all and then works out the disadvantages of traditional data protection technologies,such as backup, replication and snapshot technology and the advantages of CDP technology.Also, this paper points out how CDP overcomes the weaknesses of traditional data protection technologies.%随着数据在如今信息社会中的作用越来越重要,数据的保护变得必不可少.新兴的数据保护技术持续数据保护技术CDP(Continuous Data Protection)一出世就成为关注的焦点,它用低成本和低复杂性提供很好的恢复点对象RPO(Recovery Point Ob-jective)和恢复时间对象RTO(Recovery Time Objective),增强了数据保护能力,实现了数据的快速恢复,增强了业务的连续性,成为对传统数据保护技术的重大突破.对CDP技术进行介绍,分析出传统数据保护技术如备份、复制和快照技术的劣势,总结出CDP技术与传统数据保护技术相比具有的优势以及CDP是如何解决传统数据保护技术的缺陷.

  6. DEFINITION OF PERSPECTIVE DIRECTIONS OF TRANSFERT OF TECHNOLOGIES AT THE BASE OF SWOT-ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.F. Suhovey

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes approbating at Sverdlovsk region methodic of analysis of strength and weakness sides of scientific organization. Using this methodic is give possibility to define perspective directions of foundation innovation infrastructure of region.

  7. Combining ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 for structuring comprehensive information technology for management in organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Maico Gehrmann

    2012-01-01

    Several methodologies, tools and standards have been designed to help IT management within organizations. Companies seek, with the use of these mechanisms, the placement of IT management and organizational strategies, mainly to ensure that IT helps with the objectives of the business and the results of the organization. Despite the vast amount of options for tools, methodologies and standards available, when they are used independently, these are not sufficiently wide-ranging to meet all the ...

  8. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INDEX IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR: A CASE STUDY OF TECHNOLOGY OF COTTON ORGANIC COLOR IN BOM SUCESSO -PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This study it has the objective to evaluate the global index of sustentability (IGS of the technology of production of the cotton colored in the state of the Paraíba, in its dimensions social, ambient, economic and institucional. To reach the considered objective a research of study of case was used based on the model considered for González and Carvajal (2002 that it measures the IGS of the producing unit in agroecological system. The results disclose that although to present a considered index of sustentability satisfactory, are necessary that mechanism of participation of the social actors in the decisions of the company is developed, as well as, to develop a research on the repercussion that this technology brings for the involved population, also identifying the social demand of the deriving products of the technology of the cotton in the population.

  9. Organic Bonding Technology in Modern Industrial Locksmith Work%有机粘接技术在现代工业钳工工作中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈跃志

    2014-01-01

    随着科学技术的发展,有机粘接技术被应用到我国工业、农业和食品业等众多领域中,并取得了显著的效果,值得广泛推广和应用。对此,分析了有机粘接技术的特点,探析了它在现代工业钳工工作中的应用,旨在为钳工工作者提供参考。%With the development of science and technology, organic bonding technology has been applied to many fields of industry, agriculture and food industry, etc., and has achieved significant results;it is widely promoted and applied. In this regard, the analysis of the characteristics of organic bonding technology, it explores the application of modern industrial locksmith work, intended to provide a reference for fitter workers.

  10. A toxic organic solvent-free technology for the preparation of PEGylated paclitaxel nanosuspension based on human serum albumin for effective cancer therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Tingjie; Dong, Lihui; Cui, Bei; Wang, Lei; Yin, Lifang; Zhou, Jianping; Huo, Meirong

    2015-01-01

    Clinically, paclitaxel (PTX) is one of most commonly prescribed therapies against a wide range of solid neoplasms. Despite its success, the clinical applicability of PTX (Taxol) is severely hampered by systemic toxicities induced by Cremophor EL. While attempts to bypass the need for Cremophor EL have been developed through platforms such as Abraxane, nab relies heavily on the use of organic solvents, namely, chloroform. The toxicity introduced by residual chloroform poses a potential risk to patient health. To mitigate the toxicities of toxic organic solvent-based manufacture methods, we have designed a method for the formulation of PTX nanosuspensions (PTX-PEG [polyethylene glycol]-HSA [human serum albumin]) that eliminates the dependence on toxic organic solvents. Coined the solid-dispersion technology, this technique permits the dispersion of PTX into PEG skeleton without the use of organic solvents or Cremophor EL as a solubilizer. Once the PTX-PEG dispersion is complete, the dispersion can be formulated with HSA into nanosuspensions suitable for intravenous administration. Additionally, the incorporation of PEG permits the prolonged circulation through the steric stabilization effect. Finally, HSA-mediated targeting permits active receptor-mediated endocytosis for enhanced tumor uptake and reduced side effects. By eliminating the need for both Cremophor EL and organic solvents while simultaneously increasing antitumor efficacy, this method provides a superior alternative to currently accepted methods for PTX delivery.

  11. A toxic organic solvent-free technology for the preparation of PEGylated paclitaxel nanosuspension based on human serum albumin for effective cancer therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin TJ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tingjie Yin,* Lihui Dong,* Bei Cui, Lei Wang, Lifang Yin, Jianping Zhou, Meirong Huo State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Clinically, paclitaxel (PTX is one of most commonly prescribed therapies against a wide range of solid neoplasms. Despite its success, the clinical applicability of PTX (Taxol® is severely hampered by systemic toxicities induced by Cremophor EL. While attempts to bypass the need for Cremophor EL have been developed through platforms such as Abraxane™, nab™ relies heavily on the use of organic solvents, namely, chloroform. The toxicity introduced by residual chloroform poses a potential risk to patient health. To mitigate the toxicities of toxic organic solvent-based manufacture methods, we have designed a method for the formulation of PTX nanosuspensions (PTX-PEG [polyethylene glycol]-HSA [human serum albumin] that eliminates the dependence on toxic organic solvents. Coined the solid-dispersion technology, this technique permits the dispersion of PTX into PEG skeleton without the use of organic solvents or Cremophor EL as a solubilizer. Once the PTX-PEG dispersion is complete, the dispersion can be formulated with HSA into nanosuspensions suitable for intravenous administration. Additionally, the incorporation of PEG permits the prolonged circulation through the steric stabilization effect. Finally, HSA-mediated targeting permits active receptor-mediated endocytosis for enhanced tumor uptake and reduced side effects. By eliminating the need for both Cremophor EL and organic solvents while simultaneously increasing antitumor efficacy, this method provides a superior alternative to currently accepted methods for PTX delivery. Keywords: human serum albumin, nanosuspension, paclitaxel, polyethylene glycol, solid-dispersion technology

  12. Conceptual Modeling (CM) for Military Modeling and Simulation (M&S) (Modelisation conceptuelle (MC) pour la modelisation et la simulation (M&S) militaires)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Virginia 2216 NASA d’information scientifique et technique (STI) ETATS-UNIS NASA Langley Research Center, STI Program Office, MS 157A (accessible...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(MSG-058)TP/404 www.rto.nato.int RTO TECHNICAL REPORT TR...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(MSG-058)TP/404 www.rto.nato.int RTO

  13. NATO Guide for Judgement-Based Operational Analysis in Defence Decision Making (Guide OTAN pour l’analyse operationnelle basee sur le jugement dans la prise de decision de defense). Analyst-Oriented Volume: Code of Best Practice for Soft Operational Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    scientifique et technique (STI) ETATS-UNIS NASA Langley Research Center, STI Program Office, MS 157A (accessible également en mode interactif dans la base...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(SAS-087)TP/345 www.rto.nato.int RTO TECHNICAL REPORT TR... RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(SAS-087)TP/345 www.rto.nato.int RTO TECHNICAL REPORT TR-SAS-087 NATO Guide for Judgement-Based

  14. NATO Human Resources (Manpower) Management (Gestion des ressources humaines (effectifs) de l’OTAN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    édité par CASI dans le cadre du programme Virginia 2216 NASA d’information scientifique et technique (STI) ETATS-UNIS NASA Langley Research Center...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(SAS-059)TP/417 www.rto.nato.int RTO TECHNICAL REPORT TR...TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(SAS-059)TP/417 www.rto.nato.int RTO TECHNICAL REPORT TR-SAS-059 NATO

  15. Application of Fiber Optic Instrumentation (Validation des systemes d’instrumentation a fibres optiques)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    par CASI dans le cadre du programme Virginia 2216 NASA d’information scientifique et technique (STI) ETATS-UNIS NASA Langley Research Center, STI...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(SCI-228)TP/446 www.rto.nato.int RTO AGARDograph 160...TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(SCI-228)TP/446 www.rto.nato.int RTO AGARDograph 160 Flight Test Instrumentation

  16. Team effectiveness in complex settings : A framework

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Essens, P.J.M.D.; Vogelaar, A.L.W.; Mylle, J.J.C.; Blendell, C.; Paris, C.; Halpin, S.M.; Baranski, J.V.

    2009-01-01

    This chapter is based on a North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) study (NATO/RTO/HFM Task Group 023 on Team Effectiveness) and report (HFM-087 TP/59) written by the authors (published by NATO RTO, April, 2005)

  17. Effective Tutorial Ontology Modeling on Organic Rice Farming for Non-Science & Technology Educated Farmers Using Knowledge Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanchinda, Jirawit; Chakpitak, Nopasit; Yodmongkol, Pitipong

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge of the appropriate technologies for sustainable development projects has encouraged grass roots development, which has in turn promoted sustainable and successful community development, which a requirement is to share and reuse this knowledge effectively. This research aims to propose a tutorial ontology effectiveness modeling on organic…

  18. Knowledge and Innovation: A Comparative Study of the USA, the UK and Japan. Routledge Studies in Innovation, Organizations and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Helen

    2012-01-01

    This new book presents case studies from the US, the UK and Japan. Packed full of vignettes from cases studies and subscribing to a socio-cultural approach rather than the often tacit assumption that knowledge and "technology transfer" is a logistical problem, this excellent volume illuminates the often misunderstood process of knowledge transfer.…

  19. Predicting E-Business Adoption through Integrating the Constructs of the Rogers’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory Combined with Technology-Organization-Environment Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can help the transfer of technological knowledge within the organization and can raise the capability to adopt innovative technologies. Practical implications–for the theory under study is the notion that adoption of e-business can lead to improvements in firms’ performance. It has been revealed that positive influences generally increase with the increase of e-business penetration. Originality/value– The paper is the recently study that examines e-business adoption in the Jordan. Also, the findings allow us to understand the importance of both technology-related aspects and social influence in e-procurement adoption.

  20. Problem formulation and option assessment (PFOA) linking governance and environmental risk assessment for technologies: a methodology for problem analysis of nanotechnologies and genetically engineered organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Kristen C; Andow, David A; Banker, Michael J

    2009-01-01

    Societal evaluation of new technologies, specifically nanotechnology and genetically engineered organisms (GEOs), challenges current practices of governance and science. Employing environmental risk assessment (ERA) for governance and oversight assumes we have a reasonable ability to understand consequences and predict adverse effects. However, traditional ERA has come under considerable criticism for its many shortcomings and current governance institutions have demonstrated limitations in transparency, public input, and capacity. Problem Formulation and Options Assessment (PFOA) is a methodology founded on three key concepts in risk assessment (science-based consideration, deliberation, and multi-criteria analysis) and three in governance (participation, transparency, and accountability). Developed through a series of international workshops, the PFOA process emphasizes engagement with stakeholders in iterative stages, from identification of the problem(s) through comparison of multiple technology solutions that could be used in the future with their relative benefits, harms, and risk. It provides "upstream public engagement" in a deliberation informed by science that identifies values for improved decision making.

  1. 电化学氧化技术处理有机废水的研究%Treatment of Organic Wastewater by Electrochemical Oxidation Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙萍萍; 隋欣

    2015-01-01

    当今各行各业的快速发展导致大量有机废水的排放,环境受到了越来越严重的破坏,所以如何能够使各种废水达标排放是当今科研领域的研究热点。而以前处理废水的方法,存在着降解效率低、易产生二次污染等问题。电化学氧化技术避免了传统处理方法的弊端,能够高效地深度处理废水。综述了电化学氧化技术在油田污水、染料废水等方面的研究成果以及降解有机废水的影响因素,同时,展望了该技术今后的研究方向。%Today because of rapid development of various industries, a lot of organic wastewater is discharged. The destruction of the environment has been more and more serious. So how to make all kinds of wastewater meet the emission standard has become a research hotspot now. The traditional wastewater treatment methods have many shortcomings, such as low degradation efficiency, secondary pollution and so on. The electrochemical oxidation technology can avoid the disadvantages of traditional treatment methods, and has high wastewater treatment capacity. In this paper, research achievements of the electrochemical oxidation technology for treatment of oilfield wastewater, dye wastewater and other wastewater were summarized. The influence factors of organic wastewater treatment by the electrochemical oxidation technology were analyzed, and the future research direction of the electrochemical oxidation technology was discussed.

  2. Research Progress and Application of the Microwave Technology in Organic Chemistry%微波有机化学的应用与研究进展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡玉鑫

    2014-01-01

    With the development of science and technology, the contemporary society puts forward the concept of"green chemistry"in chemistry and chemical related fields, which not only demands economic development, but also demands to protect the environment. With wide application of the microwave technology in the field of chemistry, especially organic chemistry, the problems of traditional heating methods have been solved, such as long heating time, high requirement for equipments, complex operation process, and low reaction yield and so on. In this paper, the principle of microwave technology was introduced, and research progress and application of the microwave technology in organic chemistry were discussed.%随着科技的进步和文明的发展,当代社会对化工和化学相关领域提出了“绿色化学”的概念,要求既要经济发展,也要保护环境。随着微波技术在化学领域中的广泛应用,在化学反应中,尤其是有机化学的反应中,传统的加热手段所带来的时间冗长、设备要求太高、操作过程复杂、反应收率不高等问题,都得到了有效的解决。介绍了微波技术的原理,并举例说明了微波技术在有机化学中的应用与研究进展。

  3. Wait watchers. Smart organizations are demonstrating that while they can't erase ED wait times, they can leverage technology to keep patients better informed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Kate Huvane

    2010-04-01

    Increases in ED visits are significantly affecting patient access, quality, cost and care management--a trend that is expected to continue. A number of organizations are dealing with the increased demand for services by implementing technologies to keep patients better informed of wait times. Publishing ED wait times online offers hospitals a way to communicate information to patients quickly without requiring a significant investment from the IT staff. Hospitals are also utilizing visibility boards to keep both patients and staff updated on patient conditions and room status.

  4. Exploration technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roennevik, H.C. [Saga Petroleum A/S, Forus (Norway)

    1996-12-31

    The paper evaluates exploration technology. Topics discussed are: Visions; the subsurface challenge; the creative tension; the exploration process; seismic; geology; organic geochemistry; seismic resolution; integration; drilling; value creation. 4 refs., 22 figs.

  5. March 2008 - ITER Organization Director-General K.Ikeda and Deputy Director-General N. Holtkamp, visiting the ATLAS cavern with Spokesperson P. Jenni, Accelerators Technology Department Head P. Lebrun and LHC Mangnets Group Leader L. Rossi.

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2008-01-01

    March 2008 - ITER Organization Director-General K.Ikeda and Deputy Director-General N. Holtkamp, visiting the ATLAS cavern with Spokesperson P. Jenni, Accelerators Technology Department Head P. Lebrun and LHC Mangnets Group Leader L. Rossi.

  6. 24th May 2011 - ITER Organization Director-General O.Motojima visiting SM18 with Technology Department Head F. Bordry and Deputy L. Rossi, accompanied by Adviser for Relations with ITER J.-P. Koutchouk.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    24th May 2011 - ITER Organization Director-General O.Motojima visiting SM18 with Technology Department Head F. Bordry and Deputy L. Rossi, accompanied by Adviser for Relations with ITER J.-P. Koutchouk.

  7. An empirical study on different factors influencing information technology adoption for auditing purposes: A case study of a banking organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Taghavi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this survey, we have investigated whether an easy and comprehensive information technology (IT infrastructure could contribute on auditing system in Iranian business society. The survey designs and distributes a questionnaire based on technology adoption method (TAM among employees of bank Melli Iran who participated in our survey in Likert scale and using t-student and Kruskal-Wallis test examined different hypotheses. The results of our survey have indicated that there was a relationship between a good perception in usefulness of IT implementation and accepting recent advances of IT and auditors with good perception on IT are able to take advantage of recent advances of IT in their auditing skills. In addition, our survey has concluded that ease of IT implementation could create motivation among auditors to automate their traditional skills. While educational background played an important role on our survey, age and job experience did not have any impact on our survey.

  8. Vaccine to Prevent BK Polyomavirus-associated Kidney and Bladder Infections in Organ Transplant Recipients | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to co-develop, evaluate or commercialize therapeutic compositions and methods for pre-vaccination of organ transplant recipients against BK polyomavirus (BKV) as well as methods for producing a BKV vaccine against all four known BKV serotypes.

  9. Technology standard-setting under the lens of global administrative law : Accountability, participation and transparency of standard-setting organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanevskaia, Olia

    2016-01-01

    The role of transnational non-governmental bodies in international standardization has often been in the limelight of recent academic discussions. While standards developed by Standard-Setting Organizations (SSOs) are typically non-binding, they can nevertheless acquire an obligatory character, eith

  10. A novel approach to smart grid technology for electrical power transmission lines by a self-organized optical network node based on optical bistability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Soichiro; Sasaki, Wakao

    2011-01-01

    In this work, we have demonstrated a new smart grid model by our novel green photonics technology based on selforganized optical networks realizing an autonomous peer-to-peer electric power transmissions without centralized control for the power grid. In this optical network, we introduced an adaptive algorithm for concurrent peer-to-peer communications, by utilizing optical nonlinearity depending only on the signal strength passing through the network. This method is applicable for autonomous organization of functions for ad-hoc electric power distribution systems for the power grid. For this purpose, a simple optical- electrical hybrid bistable circuit composed of such as light emitting diode (LED) and photo diode (PD), has been incorporated into the network node. In the experiment, the method uses a simple, local adaptation of transmission weights at each network node, which enables self-organizing functions of the network, such as self-routing, self-optimization, self-recovery and self-protection. Based on this method, we have demonstrated experimentally a new smart grid model applicable for ad-hoc electric power distribution systems mediated by power comsumptions. In this model, electric power flow is controlled autonomously through the self-organized network nodes associated with individual power facilities having photovoltaics and electric storage devices, etc., and the nodes convert the amounts of electric power supply and/or comsumption to the light intensity values using above mentioned transmission weights at each node. As a consequence, we have experimentally demonstrated a simple shorthaul system model for ad-hoc electric power distribution with a self-organized optical network as a novel green photonics technology application for smart grid.

  11. Combining ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 for structuring comprehensive information technology for management in organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maico Gehrmann

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Several methodologies, tools and standards have been designed to help IT management within organizations. Companies seek, with the use of these mechanisms, the placement of IT management and organizational strategies, mainly to ensure that IT helps with the objectives of the business and the results of the organization. Despite the vast amount of options for tools, methodologies and standards available, when they are used independently, these are not sufficiently wide-ranging to meet all the needs of IT management. This document analyzes ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 methodologies through literature review, highlighting their similarities and differences through the comparison between them. From this analysis, an overall structure is proposed which uses a combination of ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 that can be used by any organization as a more comprehensive solution for the handling and servicing of IT management. As any process, there are positive and negative points. Some negative points of a methodology may be strengthened by the positive ones of other methodologies. This creates more efficient processes.

  12. COMBINING ITIL, COBIT AND ISO/IEC 27002 FOR STRUCTURING COMPREHENSIVE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maico Gehrmann

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Several methodologies, tools and standards have been designed to help IT management within organizations. Companies seek, with the use of these mechanisms, the placement of IT management and organizational strategies, mainly to ensure that IT helps with the objectives of the business and the results of the organization. Despite the vast amount of options for tools, methodologies and standards available, when they are used independently, these are not sufficiently wide-ranging to meet all the needs of IT management. This document analyzes ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 methodologies through literature review, highlighting their similarities and differences through the comparison between them. From this analysis, an overall structure is proposed which uses a combination of ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 that can be used by any organization as a more comprehensive solution for the handling and servicing of IT management. As any process, there are positive and negative points. Some negative points of a methodology may be strengthened by the positive ones of other methodologies. This creates more efficient processes.

  13. On-call service of neurosurgeons in Germany: organization, use of communication services, and personal acceptance of modern technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenke, Christopher; Lassel, Elke A; Terris, Darcey; Kurt, Aysel; Schmieder, Kirsten; Schoenberg, Stefan O; Weisser, Gerald

    2014-05-01

    A significant proportion of acute care neurosurgical patients present to hospital outside regular working hours. The objective of our study was to evaluate the structure of neurosurgical on-call services in Germany, the use of modern communication devices and teleradiology services, and the personal acceptance of modern technologies by neurosurgeons. A nationwide survey of all 141 neurosurgical departments in Germany was performed. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: one for neurosurgical departments and one for individual neurosurgeons. The questionnaire, available online and mailed in paper form, included 21 questions about on-call service structure; the availability and use of communication devices, teleradiology services, and other information services; and neurosurgeons' personal acceptance of modern technologies. The questionnaire return rate from departments was 63.1% (89/141), whereas 187 individual neurosurgeons responded. For 57.3% of departments, teleradiology services were available and were frequently used by 62.2% of neurosurgeons. A further 23.6% of departments described using smartphone screenshots of computed tomography (CT) images transmitted by multimedia messaging service (MMS), and 8.6% of images were described as sent by unencrypted email. Although 47.0% of neurosurgeons reported owning a smartphone, only 1.1% used their phone for on-call image communication. Teleradiology services were observed to be widely used by on-call neurosurgeons in Germany. Nevertheless, a significant number of departments appear to use outdated techniques or techniques that leave patient data unprotected. On-call neurosurgeons in Germany report a willingness to adopt more modern approaches, utilizing readily available smartphones or tablet technology. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  14. The Database Technology of Digital Library Information Organization%浅谈数字图书馆信息组织的数据库技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芬

    2011-01-01

    Digital library is no longer a new concept,has undergone a considerable period of development.Within this period,construction of digital libraries in many areas has been greatly improved,which is a concept and ideas,convenient service is one of the important elements.In this paper, the history of digital library development started elaborated,followed by combining the characteristics of digital libraries,emphasizing the application of database technology on library organ, ization and management of information need,and finally focused on the data warehouse,relational database,multimedia database,object-oriented database technology, database technology and other unstructured information organization in digital library applications.%数字图书馆已经不再是一个崭新的概念,经历了相当一段时间的发展。在这一段时期之内,数字图书馆的建设在很多方面已经有了很大改进,这是一种概念和思想,便捷的服务是其中一个重要的组成要素。本文首先对数字图书馆的发展历史展开了阐述,其次结合数字图书馆的特点,强调了应用数据库技术对图书馆信息进行组织管理的必要性,最后着重探讨了数据仓库技术、关系数据库、多媒体数据库、面向对象的数据库技术、非结构化数据库技术等在数字图书馆信息组织的应用。

  15. Enhancing the hydrolysis process of a two-stage biogas technology for the organic fraction of municipal solid waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nasir, Zeeshan; Uellendahl, Hinrich

    2015-01-01

    The Danish company Solum A/S has developed a two-stage dry anaerobic digestion process labelled AIKAN® for the biological conversion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) into biogas and compost. In the AIKAN® process design the methanogenic (2nd) stage is separated from...... time, recirculation rate of percolate, ratio of admixing effluent from the anaerobic stage to the percolate, water submerge of waste) on the efficiency of the hydrolytic stage. •The effect of addition of adapted mixed cultures and specific hydrolytic microorganisms on the hydrolysis of the waste. •The...

  16. Organic electroluminescence

    CERN Document Server

    Kafafi, Zakya H

    2005-01-01

    Organic light-emitting diode(OLED) technology has achieved significant penetration in the commercial market for small, low-voltage and inexpensive displays. Present and future novel technologies based on OLEDs involve rigid and flexible flat panel displays, solid-state lighting, and lasers. Display applications may range from hand-held devices to large flat panel screens that can be rolled up or hung flat on a wall or a ceiling. Organic Electroluminescence gives an overview of the on-going research in the field of organic light-emitting materials and devices, covering the principles of electroluminescence in organic thin films, as well as recent trends, current applications, and future potential uses. The book begins by giving a background of organic electroluminescence in terms of history and basic principles. It offers details on the mechanism(s) of electroluminescence in thin organic films. It presentsin-depth discussions of the parameters that control the external electroluminescence quantum efficien...

  17. STEAM REFORMING TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF ORGANICS ON ACTUAL DOE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE TANK 48H WASTE 9138

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burket, P

    2009-02-24

    This paper describes the design of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR); a processing unit for demonstrating steam reforming technology on actual radioactive waste [1]. It describes the operating conditions of the unit used for processing a sample of Savannah River Site (SRS) Tank 48H waste. Finally, it compares the results from processing the actual waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in a large pilot scale unit, the Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR), operated at Hazen Research Inc. in Golden, CO. The purpose of this work was to prove that the actual waste reacted in the same manner as the simulant waste in order to validate the work performed in the pilot scale unit which could only use simulant waste.

  18. POPULAR INNOVATION TO ACCESS THE WATER: TECHNOLOGY, CREATIVITY AND COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION IN THE BARRIO LUIS R. CALVO (SANTA MARTA - COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raiza Andrea LLinás Pizarro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The popular innovation can be understood as a network of practices and knowledge that link technologies from diverse origins and purpose with local knowledge to solve problems usually linked to the satisfaction of basic needs.  This article explore the concept of popular innovation through an exercise of popular innovation system to access water, created by a migrant population by the Armed conflict in Colombia in the city of Santa Marta (Colombia.  In this case we found that different artifacts, techniques and local knowledge to access to water, constitute a socio-technical system to resolve in alternative, creative and communitarian way, one of many socio-political problems that affects the community with which this research was conducted

  19. FY1995 new technology of artificial organ materials which can induce host biocompatibility; 1995 nendo jinko zokiyo seitai kino fukatsukagata sozai no kaihatsu gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The aim of this project is to produce a highly biocompatible materials for next generation's artificial organs using the following methods: 1, Micromodification of polymer materials. 2, Biocompatible treatment for biological materials. 3, Application of bioabsorbable materials. 4, Bioactive substance immobilization. and 5, Use of autologous tissue as artificial organ materials. As a synthetic polymer material, microporous polyurethane was used for a small diameter vascular prosthesis. The graft with this technology was successfully implanted in rat abdomical aortic position. The graft of 1.5 mm in internal diameter and 10 cm in length showed excellent patency with nice endothelialisation. As a biological material, microfibers of collagen was used for a sealing substance of vascular prothesis. The microfibers absorbed a large amount of water, which could prevent blood leakage from the graft wall. The graft showed non-thrombogenic property and excellent host cell affinity, resulted in rapid neointima formation. As to autologous tissue, bone marrow was used, since marrow cells can differentiate into any mesenchimal cells with synthesis of growth factors. Marrow cell transplanted vascular prothesis showed rapid capillary ingrowth. These results indicated that the newly designed materials had suitable properties for materials of next generation's artificial organs. (NEDO)

  20. FY1995 new technology of artificial organ materials which can induce host biocompatibility; 1995 nendo jinko zokiyo seitai kino fukatsukagata sozai no kaihatsu gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The aim of this project is to produce a highly biocompatible materials for next generation's artificial organs using the following methods: 1, Micromodification of polymer materials. 2, Biocompatible treatment for biological materials. 3, Application of bioabsorbable materials. 4, Bioactive substance immobilization. and 5, Use of autologous tissue as artificial organ materials. As a synthetic polymer material, microporous polyurethane was used for a small diameter vascular prosthesis. The graft with this technology was successfully implanted in rat abdomical aortic position. The graft of 1.5 mm in internal diameter and 10cm in length showed excellent patency with nice endothelialisation. As a biological material, microfibers of collagen was used for a sealing substance of vascular prothesis. The microfibers absorbed a large amount of water, which could prevent blood leakage from the graft wall. The graft showed non-thrombogenic property and excellent host cell affinity, resulted in rapid neointima formation. As to autologous tissue, bone marrow was used, since marrow cells can differentiate into any mesenchimal cells with synthesis of growth factors. Marrow cell transplanted vascular prothesis showed rapid capillary ingrowth. These results indicated that the newly designed materials had suitable properties for materials of next generation's artificial organs. (NEDO)

  1. ORGANIZATION OF STUDENTS’ SELF-GUIDED WORK IN BIOMEDICAL DEPARTMENTS OF MEDICAL UNIVERSITY USING DISTANT LEARNING TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard F. Barinov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the investigation to substantiate and analyze the practical implementation of using distance learning technologies (DLT for managing the formation of basic knowledge during students’ individual work in the Department of Histology, Cytology and Embryology, Human Anatomy and Biological Chemistry.Methods. The methods involve analysis of an individual students’ work.Results. Questionnaires showed that the use of distance learning technologies during preparation for the practical classes allows to achieve the same result for most students as in the traditional forms of preparing (without DLT, to reach a significant saving of time. Respondents note the increased meaningfulness of individual work; the appearance of motivation to study the practical material; an increase of educational efficiency on the stage of extracurricular study due to the operative removal of arising question during the consulting process; as well as satisfaction with this form of education. Under control of knowledge and skills during practical classes, the increasing of students’ performance quality was noted.Scientific novelty. Using a basic knowledge standard of medicine; regulated methodical support for individual work and the introduction of DLT in the medical and biological departments of the university provides the continuity of teaching and fundamental knowledge integration, the formation of professional competencies of students.Practical significance. The demand of theoretical subjects’ content for students of 4–6 courses and the possibility of distance access for appropriate educational resources of biomedical departments would achieve a real interdisciplinary integration and support the necessary level of basic knowledge of young specialists in relation to a specific professional activity.

  2. Volatile organic compounds emission control in industrial pollution source using plasma technology coupled with F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Tao; Chen, Rui; Xia, Ni; Li, Xiaoyang; He, Xianxian; Zhao, Wenjuan; Carr, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Volatile organic compounds' (VOCs) effluents, which come from many industries, are triggering serious environmental problems. As an emerging technology, non-thermal plasma (NTP) technology is a potential technology for VOCs emission control. NTP coupled with F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3 is used for toluene removal from a gaseous influent at normal temperature and atmospheric pressure. NTP is generated by dielectric barrier discharge, and F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3 can be prepared by sol-gel method in the laboratory. In the experiment, the different packed materials were packed into the plasma reactor, including γ-Al2O3, TiO2/γ-Al2O3 and F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3. Through a series of characterization methods such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy and Brunner-Emmet-Teller measurements, the results show that the particle size distribution of F-TiO2 is relatively smaller than that of TiO2, and the pore distribution of F-TiO2 is more uniformly distributed than that of TiO2. The relationships among toluene removal efficiency, reactor input energy density, and the equivalent capacitances of air gap and dielectric barrier layer were investigated. The results show that the synergistic technology NTP with F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3 resulted in greater enhancement of toluene removal efficiency and energy efficiency. Especially, when packing with F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3 in NTP reactor, toluene removal efficiency reaches 99% and higher. Based on the data analysis of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, the experimental results showed that NTP reactor packed with F-TiO2/γ-Al2O3 resulted in a better inhibition for by-products formation effectively in the gas exhaust.

  3. A Review on Bioremediation Technologies of Organic Pollutants Contaminated Soils%土壤有机污染物生物修复技术研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周际海; 袁颖红; 朱志保; 姚春阳; 张谷雨; 高琪

    2015-01-01

    biphenyls (PCBs) and Antibiotics (ATBs), worsen soil organic matter pollution, thus making remediation of organic pollutants contaminated soils a pressing issue. The remediation of contaminated soils is a qualitative process in which pollutant concentration is reduced to an acceptable level, or poisonous and harmful pollutants transformed into innoxious substances through absorption, degradation, transfer and transformation in soils using physical, chemical or biological methods. It includes physical remediation technology, chemical remediation technology and bioremediation technology. Among all kinds of soil remediation techniques, bioremediation is receiving more and more attention because of its safety and low cost. Besides, it won’t cause secondary pollution. The bioremediation of organic pollutants contaminated soils consists of phytoremediation technologies, soil fauna remediation technologies and microbial remediation technologies. The microbial bioremediation as an important component of the bioremediation of contaminated soils, boasts the most value in development and application in biological environmental protection. This paper systematically introduces the bioremediation technologies of organic pollutants contaminated soils at home and abroad in terms of their principles, the research progresses, the advantages and limitations. In the meantime, we cast a brief look into the prospects of the research of soil fauna remediation in future. Hopefully, it will provide references for research on bioremediation of organic pollutants contaminated soils.

  4. The application of stop-flow microwave technology to scaling-out SNAr reactions using a soluble organic base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marafie, Jameel A; Moseley, Jonathan D

    2010-05-07

    A model S(N)Ar reaction which gives a range of substituted diaryl ethers has been re-developed to function with the soluble organic base DBU in the place of insoluble potassium carbonate. Manufacture of these diaryl ethers has then been achieved by scaling-out in an automated stop-flow microwave reactor to give productivities of >0.5 kg per day. Analogous reaction partners have also been scaled up in this reactor to extend the scope of the study. Brief comparison in a scale-up batch microwave reactor is also made. Lastly, continuous 24 h processing is reported in this small microwave stop-flow reactor, which requires no manual intervention once started.

  5. Designing Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Book Description The design of organizations has been an ongoing concern of management theory and practice over the past several decades. Over this time, there has been little change in the fundamental theory, principles and concepts of Organization Design (OD). Recently organizational life has...... is a benchmark publication in the field of organization design. By focusing on recent developments in organization design, this book will help to create more thoughtful research and stronger empirical analyses in this important area of management and organization........ The individual chapters are organized into five sections: (1) Putting Contingency Theory in its Place, (2) Focus on Individuals who make up the Organization, (3) Innovation Processes and Organization Design, (4) Adaptation and Technology, and (5) Design for Performance. Each chapter examines aspects of the books...

  6. GRACE BIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES - DARAMEND™ BIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGY. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace Dearborn's DARAMEND™ Bioremediation Technology was developed to treat soils/sediment contaminated with organic contaminants using solid-phase organic amendments. The amendments increase the soil’s ability to supply biologically available water/nutrients to micro...

  7. Where may Synergy be Indicated in the Norwegian Innovation System? Triple-Helix Relations among Technology, Organization, and Geography

    CERN Document Server

    Strand, Øivind

    2011-01-01

    Using entropy statistics and data for all (0.5 million) Norwegian firms, the national and regional innovation systems are decomposed into three subdynamics: (i) economic wealth generation, (ii) technological novelty production, and (iii) government interventions and administrative control. The mutual information in three dimensions can then be used as an indicator of potential synergy, that is, reduction of uncertainty. We aggregate the data at the NUTS3 level for 19 counties, the NUTS2 level for seven regions, and the single NUTS1 level for the nation. 19.6% of the synergy (measured as in-between group reduction of uncertainty) was found at the regional level, whereas only another 2.7% was added by aggregation at the national level of integration. Using this triple-helix indicator, the counties along the west coast are indicated as more knowledge-based than the metropolitan area of Oslo or the geographical environment of the Technical University in Trondheim. Foreign direct investment seems to have larger kn...

  8. Recycling of organic materials and solder from waste printed circuit boards by vacuum pyrolysis-centrifugation coupling technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yihui; Wu, WenBiao; Qiu, Keqiang

    2011-12-01

    Here, we focused on the recycling of waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) using vacuum pyrolysis-centrifugation coupling technology (VPCT) aiming to obtain valuable feedstock and resolve environmental pollution. The two types of WPCBs were pyrolysed at 600°C for 30 min under vacuum condition. During the pyrolysis process, the solder of WPCBs was separated and recovered when the temperature range was 400-600°C, and the rotating drum was rotated at 1000 rpm for 10 min. The type-A of WPCBs pyrolysed to form an average of 67.91 wt.% residue, 27.84 wt.% oil, and 4.25 wt.% gas; and pyrolysis of the type-B of WPCBs led to an average mass balance of 72.22 wt.% residue, 21.57 wt.% oil, and 6.21 wt.% gas. The GC-MS and FT-IR analyses showed that the two pyrolysis oils consisted mainly of phenols and substituted phenols. The pyrolysis oil can be used for fuel or chemical feedstock for further processing. The recovered solder can be recycled directly and it can also be a good resource of lead and tin for refining. The pyrolysis residues contained various metals, glass fibers and other inorganic materials, which could be recovered after further treatment. The pyrolysis gases consisted mainly of CO, CO(2), CH(4), and H(2), which could be collected and recycled.

  9. Application of Anaerobic Digestion Technologies to Organic Wastewater and Organic Wastes Treatment in Japan%厌氧消化技术在日本有机废水和废弃物处理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    池勇志; 习钰兰; 薛彩红; 小林拓朗; 李玉友

    2011-01-01

    In Japan, anaerobic sewage sludge digestion began in 1932, and is now used in over 300 sewage treatment plants with a total digester volume of 210 × 104 m3. Over 300 upflow anaerobic sludge bed ( UASB) and expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) full-scale plants are now in operation for the treatment of industrial wastewaters with high concentration from beer, soft drink, liquor, food and chemicals production. The applications and parameters of anaerobic digestion technologies in Japan for organic wastewater and organic wastes treatment are summarized. Recent developments of anaerobic digestion technologies including anaerobic membrane bioreactor, hydrogen-methane fermentation and biological desulfurization of biogas are introduced.%日本污泥厌氧消化始于1932年,目前污泥厌氧消化工程已超过300个,消化池总容积达210×10m.目前,全日本共有300多座升流式厌氧污泥床反应器(upflow anaerobic sludgebed,UASB)和膨胀颗粒污泥床(expanded granular sludge bed,EGSB)处理厂,主要用于包括啤酒废水、软饮料废水、酿酒废水、食品加工废水和化工废水在内的高浓度有机工业废水的处理.总结了厌氧消化技术在日本有机废水和有机废弃物处理中的应用状况,以及运行参数.此外,对日本厌氧消化技术在厌氧膜生物反应器、产氢产甲烷两段发酵和沼气生物脱硫等方面的新进展也进行了介绍.

  10. 有机废气中挥发性有机化合物的净化技术%Analysis on the Purification Technology of Volatile Organic Compound in Organic Waste Gas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广喜; 孙晓兵; 张竣尧

    2013-01-01

    Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in the exhaust gas would pollute the ambient air, and VOCs should be treated using some pollution control technology such as condensation, absorption, adsorption, combustion, biological and plasma and so on. In order to select the appropriate treatment technology of waste gas, both the technical feasibility and the economic rationality should be taken into account. For instance, it should consider the adaptability to various purification methods, the nature of contaminant, the purification requirements combining with the specific circumstances such as the investment of purification equipment , operating costs and the recovery efficiency.%废气中挥发性有机化合物(VOCs)可对环境空气造成污染,其治理技术有冷凝、吸收、吸附、燃烧、生物和等离子体等方法。选择合适的废气治理方案,既要考虑技术可行性,又要考虑经济可行性。应从不同净化方法的适应性、污染物的性质、净化要求以及结合生产中的具体情况如净化设备的投资、运行费用、回收效益等方面综合考虑。

  11. 1 November 2012 - Signature of the Co-operation Agreement between the Administrative Department of Science, Technology and Innovation (COLCIENCIAS) of Colombia and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics and related technologies by CERN Director-General R. Heuer, witnessed by Ambassador of Colombia to Switzerland C. Turbay Quintero.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    1 November 2012 - Signature of the Co-operation Agreement between the Administrative Department of Science, Technology and Innovation (COLCIENCIAS) of Colombia and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics and related technologies by CERN Director-General R. Heuer, witnessed by Ambassador of Colombia to Switzerland C. Turbay Quintero.

  12. A new strategy to maximize organic matter valorization in municipalities: Combination of urban wastewater with kitchen food waste and its treatment with AnMBR technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moñino, P; Aguado, D; Barat, R; Jiménez, E; Giménez, J B; Seco, A; Ferrer, J

    2017-02-22

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of treating the kitchen food waste (FW) jointly with urban wastewater (WW) in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) by anaerobic membrane technology (AnMBR). The experience was carried out in six different periods in an AnMBR pilot-plant for a total of 536days, varying the SRT, HRT and the food waste penetration factor (PF) of food waste disposers. The results showed increased methane production of up to 190% at 70days SRT, 24h HRT and 80% PF, compared with WW treatment only. FW COD and biodegradability were higher than in WW, so that the incorporation of FW into the treatment increases the organic load and the methane production and reduces sludge production (0.142 vs 0.614kgVSSkgremovedCOD(-1), at 70days SRT, 24h HRT and 80% PF, as compared to WW treatment only).

  13. Literature Review on University Patent Technology Transfer Organization%大学专利技术转移组织研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小丽

    2014-01-01

    This article conducted a systematic literature review about the function,operation mechanism,performance fac-tors,and external policies of university patent technology transfer organization,and made prospects for the future research in order to provide meaningful information for construction of China’s TTO.%对大学专利技术转移组织的功能、运营机制、绩效影响因素及外部政策的现有研究成果进行系统述评,并在此基础上提出“制度-资源-能力”协同的 TTO 发展模型,以期为我国大学专利技术转移组织的构建提供参考。

  14. Improving mining technology and organization of labor in the light of medical-biological aspects of physical health of miners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Egorov, P.V.; Nirenburg, K.G.; Davydova, N.N.; Dyatlova, L.A. (Kuzbasskii Politekhnicheskii Institut (USSR))

    1991-12-01

    Transfer to a contract-bonus system in mines of the Severokuzbassugol' and Leninskugol' associations (USSR) increased coal mining productivity by 42.2-54.4%, but, at the same time, problems concerning miners' health were noted. Presents data on the productivity and labor conditions of contract teams working at coal mining and in development faces. The influence of noise and vibration induced stresses on organisms of underground workers is analyzed. Investigations showed that 3 stages of exhaustion are likely to develop and that the most vulnerable are the cardiovascular system and the respiratory tract. The 3 stages of exhaustion and ability to recover were studied on mining machine operators and drivers of heading machines. Data showed that during the 1985-89 period, 972 miners received disability certificates; the rate of disability was 2.6 miners per 1 Mt of coal; 40.5% of miners over 40 years working on labor-intensive jobs had three or more chronic diseases which could cause permanent disability. In the structure of disability, cardio-vascular system cases accounted for 25%, osseous-muscular system cases for 20% and pulmonary diseases for 13%. Stresses the need for every mine to maintain its own medical center equipped with inhalation therapy, psychological relief, acupuncture and physiotherapy facilities.

  15. Optimization of technological conditions for one-pot synthesis of (S)-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl acetate in organic media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ting-zhou; YANG Li-rong; ZHU Zi-qiang

    2005-01-01

    Optically active form of α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (CPB) alcohol, building block of pyrethroid insecticides, was synthesized as its acetate by the combination of anion-exchange resin (D301)-catalyzed transcyanation between m-phenoxybenzaldehyde (m-PBA) and acetone cyanohydrin (AC), and lipase (from Alcaligenes sp.)-catalyzed enantioselective transesterification of the resulting cyanohydrin with vinyl acetate. Through optimizing technological conditions, the catalyzing efficiency was improved considerably compared to methods previously reported. Concentrations of CPB acetate were determined by gas chromatograph. The enantio excess (e.e.) values of CPB acetate were measured by NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) method. Effects of solvents and temperatures on this reaction were studied. Cyclohexane was shown to be the best solvent among the three tested solvents. 55 ℃ was the optimal temperature for higher degree of conversion. External diffusion limitation was excluded by raising the rotational speed to 220 r/min. However, internal diffusion could not be ignored, since the catalyst (lipase) was an immobilized enzyme and its particle dimension was not made small enough. The reaction rate was substantially accelerated when the reactant (m-PBA) concentration was as high as 249 mmol/L, but decreased when the initial concentration of m-PBA reached to 277 mmol/L. It was also found that the catalyzing capability of recovered lipase was high enough to use several batches. Study of the mole ratio of AC to m-PBA showed that 2:1 was the best choice. The strategy of adding base catalyst D301 was found to be an important factor in improving the degree of conversion of the reaction from 20% to 80%. The highest degree of conversion of the reaction has reached up to 80%.

  16. Decision Making on Medical Innovations in a Changing Health Care Environment: Insights from Accountable Care Organizations and Payers on Personalized Medicine and Other Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trosman, Julia R; Weldon, Christine B; Douglas, Michael P; Deverka, Patricia A; Watkins, John B; Phillips, Kathryn A

    2017-01-01

    New payment and care organization approaches, such as those of accountable care organizations (ACOs), are reshaping accountability and shifting risk, as well as decision making, from payers to providers, within the Triple Aim context of health reform. The Triple Aim calls for improving experience of care, improving health of populations, and reducing health care costs. To understand how the transition to the ACO model impacts decision making on adoption and use of innovative technologies in the era of accelerating scientific advancement of personalized medicine and other innovations. We interviewed representatives from 10 private payers and 6 provider institutions involved in implementing the ACO model (i.e., ACOs) to understand changes, challenges, and facilitators of decision making on medical innovations, including personalized medicine. We used the framework approach of qualitative research for study design and thematic analysis. We found that representatives from the participating payer companies and ACOs perceive similar challenges to ACOs' decision making in terms of achieving a balance between the components of the Triple Aim-improving care experience, improving population health, and reducing costs. The challenges include the prevalence of cost over care quality considerations in ACOs' decisions and ACOs' insufficient analytical and technology assessment capacity to evaluate complex innovations such as personalized medicine. Decision-making facilitators included increased competition across ACOs and patients' interest in personalized medicine. As new payment models evolve, payers, ACOs, and other stakeholders should address challenges and leverage opportunities to arm ACOs with robust, consistent, rigorous, and transparent approaches to decision making on medical innovations. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. The first step in the development of text mining technology for cancer risk assessment: identifying and organizing scientific evidence in risk assessment literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Lin

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the most neglected areas of biomedical Text Mining (TM is the development of systems based on carefully assessed user needs. We have recently investigated the user needs of an important task yet to be tackled by TM -- Cancer Risk Assessment (CRA. Here we take the first step towards the development of TM technology for the task: identifying and organizing the scientific evidence required for CRA in a taxonomy which is capable of supporting extensive data gathering from biomedical literature. Results The taxonomy is based on expert annotation of 1297 abstracts downloaded from relevant PubMed journals. It classifies 1742 unique keywords found in the corpus to 48 classes which specify core evidence required for CRA. We report promising results with inter-annotator agreement tests and automatic classification of PubMed abstracts to taxonomy classes. A simple user test is also reported in a near real-world CRA scenario which demonstrates along with other evaluation that the resources we have built are well-defined, accurate, and applicable in practice. Conclusion We present our annotation guidelines and a tool which we have designed for expert annotation of PubMed abstracts. A corpus annotated for keywords and document relevance is also presented, along with the taxonomy which organizes the keywords into classes defining core evidence for CRA. As demonstrated by the evaluation, the materials we have constructed provide a good basis for classification of CRA literature along multiple dimensions. They can support current manual CRA as well as facilitate the development of an approach based on TM. We discuss extending the taxonomy further via manual and machine learning approaches and the subsequent steps required to develop TM technology for the needs of CRA.

  18. Research on Knowledge Networks Edge Locking and Encoding Technology of Inter- organization%跨组织知识网边界锁定及编码机理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙中桥; 陈菊红

    2011-01-01

    利用边界锁定技术对知识网进行研究.通过对跨组对织知识边界及形成机理的分析,得出知识网结构模型,在知识边界锁定的基础上,利用编码技术,初步研究跨组织知识网编码方法,从而为实现基于Internet的跨组织知识共享及协同工作准备了技术基础,同时也为大规模的科学知识研究层次化、权限化、模块化、集成化、信息化以及科学研究的一致性和动态更新及维护提供方法.%Knowledge network was studied by using edge locking technology in this paper. Through analyzing the knowl edge boundary and formation mechanism of the inter-organization, the paper obtained knowledge networks structure mod el. On the foundation of the knowledge edge locking, the knowledge network coding method of inter - organization was stud ied by using encoding technology. As a result, the technical bases of knowledge sharing and cooperation of inter - organiza tion were prepared to realize the E - knowledge networks. Meanwhile, a useful method for large - scale of ranklized, per missionlized, modularized, synchronized, informationalized scientific knowledge research was provided for consistency, dy namic update and maintenance of scientific research.

  19. 2000-2001 creation of expertise and engineering technology of environment and energy project for anaerobic digestion of multiple kinds of organic industrial wastewater in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Libin [China Biogas Society (CBS) (China). Dept. of International Affairs

    2001-07-01

    Environmental protection is the basic policy of China. It has been proved by both of Chinese and world's development practice that the contradictions between development and environment must be well solved so as to realize sustainable development. Much concern has been paid on the research and development of technology on biogas (anaerobic digestion) to treat wastewater by China in last two decades, in addition with international influence and promotion from environment and development, the trend of anaerobic digestion development shows rapidly sign. Biogas technology has a wide field and good market for its implementation in China. Some environment and energy projects for anaerobic digestion of multiple kinds of organic industrial wastewater obtained fine benefits in pollution control, cleaner energy recovery and sustainable economic growth. However, the potentiality for market exploration is still higher. This paper presented the Chinese explorative research and successive design and anaerobic digestion project case studies on some 50 sorts of organic industrial wastewater, which are hard to biodegrade, hazardous, non-hygienic and chemical, e.g. alkali method straw pulp and chemical pulp-paper making wastewater, wastewater form medical industry, biopharmaceutical production, antibiotics as penicillin, erythromycin etc. Chinese medical herbs processing, antibiotics, tanning, brewery, distillery, agricultural chemicals, pesticide and insecticide, animal medicine, dyeing production, textile and printing industry, petroleum-chemical processing (PTA-phenyl terephthalic acid), coke processing, explosive production as RDX, hospitals, can and food processing, sugar-processing, municipal sewage with mixed industrial and domestic wastewater etc. All the mentioned research and practice show that both Chinese people and Chinese government have made great efforts in the last two decades in purifying the environment of water, soil and atmosphere via combining good

  20. Analysis of the Complex Characteristics of the Organization of Science and Technology-based Small-Micro Enterprises%科技型小微企业组织复杂性特征探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利; 袁页

    2013-01-01

    According to the principles of complexity science theory and the reality of technology based small micro enterprises,the articles made a wide research on the small micro enterprise organization complexity at home,and focus on the characteristics of technological small micro enterprise environment complexity,the complexity of technology based smallmicro enterprise organization structure characteristics,the complexity characteristics of technology based small micro enterprise organization form.Also,the complexity of technology-based small micro enterprise organization management mode characteristics,small-micro enterprises exploration and the characteristics of the complexity of the organization's strategy are studied.%根据复杂性理论和小微企业的现实情况,在国内科技型小微企业研究综述的基础上,对科技型小微企业组织环境复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织结构复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织形态复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织管理方式复杂性特征、科技型小微企业组织战略复杂性特征进行了探索和分析.

  1. 技术创新视角的企业组织结构设计逻辑研究%A Study on Organization Structure Designing Based on Technology Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐丽颖

    2012-01-01

    Technology innovation plays an important role for the firm's development. And organization structure is a key factor. It is very crucial to increase the level of technology innovation to design and build organization structure favoring technology innovation. Different organization structure influences the rate and direction of the technology innovation. In other words, the type of technology innovation needs different organization structure. The paper uses theory research, literature search and case study to analyze the content. (1) to distinguish the basic characteristic; (2) to definite the elements of technology innovation; (3) to distinguish the organization structure making for technology innovation and analyze to match organization structure to the type of innovation.%技术创新是决定企业发展的关键因素,而组织结构是影响企业技术创新的一个重要维度。设计和构建有利于技术创新的组织结构对于提升企业技术创新能力非常重要。组织结构影响着企业技术创新的成功率、方向和速度,不同的技术创新对企业组织结构有着不同的要求。采用理论研究、文献分析、案例分析等方法,研究以下内容:(1)识别现代企业技术创新的基本特征;(2)确定影响企业技术创新的组织要素;(3)分析有利于企业创新的组织架构及其运用。

  2. 环境水体微污染有机物及其去除技术研究进展%A review of organic micro pollutants in aquatic environment and its removal technologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梦乔; 周庆; 李爱民

    2012-01-01

    水体有机污染物因其生物毒性对人体健康和生态环境造成了严重的危害.随着环保技术的发展,高浓度有机污染物已得到很好的去除.检测水平的不断提高使微量有机污染物日益受到广泛关注.为了深入地研究微污染有机物及其去除技术,对微污染有机物的种类、性质和危害进行了详细阐述,并综述了国内外生物法、膜处理技术、高级氧化技术、吸附技术对微污染有机物的去除效果,总结了各种技术的优缺点.%Organic pollutants in aquatic environment are harmful to human health and ecological environment. With the development of environmental science and engineering, organic pollutants in high concentration have been well removed from the wastewater. Nowadays, organic micro pollutants have got more attention because of their known and unknown toxicity. In order to further study the organic micro pollutants and their removal technologies, the categories, properties and hazards of organic micro pollutants are introduced in details. Removal technologies of organic micro pollutants are reviewed, including biological technology, membrane technology, advanced oxidation technology and adsorption technology. The advantages and disadvantages of these technologies are summarized.

  3. Application of the Study Model of \\\\\\"Knowledge Management Infrastructure in Organizations\\\\\\" in Information Centers: The case of the Regional Information Center for Science and Technology (RICeST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhossein Farajpahlou

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Information centers are duly obliged to move in line with their parent organizations’ goals and missions in creating knowledge. In the age of information and communication revolution, and in a knowledge-based economy, organizations that are involved in creation of knowledge have an important role in communication and diffusion of knowledge. In the mean time, libraries and information centers change from being mere depository sources to knowledge institutions. The current research aimed to study the present state of knowledge management infrastructures of the Regional Information Center for Science and Technology (RICeST as a national and regional information center. The statistic population of this study was consisted of 87 staff. Data was collected by means of questionnaires, observation and interviews. The results showed the required infrastructure for KM activities were almost there, among different aspects of which, budgeting had a better situation in the institution under study. In regards with establishment of knowledge management, RICeST was paying more attention to information and communication technology and knowledge network via applications such as the Internet and extranets. Another fact was that in the RICeST, emphasis was on learning and on human resources as the substantial sources in creation of knowledge. Among other aspects, “organizational culture” was in a lower state compared with other aspects in the RICeST.

  4. First Results of a Detection Sensor for the Monitoring of Laying Hens Reared in a Commercial Organic Egg Production Farm Based on the Use of Infrared Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaninelli, Mauro; Redaelli, Veronica; Tirloni, Erica; Bernardi, Cristian; Dell’Orto, Vittorio; Savoini, Giovanni

    2016-01-01

    The development of a monitoring system to identify the presence of laying hens, in a closed room of a free-range commercial organic egg production farm, was the aim of this study. This monitoring system was based on the infrared (IR) technology and had, as final target, a possible reduction of atmospheric ammonia levels and bacterial load. Tests were carried out for three weeks and involved 7 ISA (Institut de Sélection Animale) brown laying hens. The first 5 days was used to set up the detection sensor, while the other 15 days were used to evaluate the accuracy of the resulting monitoring system, in terms of sensitivity and specificity. The setup procedure included the evaluation of different color background (CB) thresholds, used to discriminate the information contents of the thermographic images. At the end of this procedure, a CB threshold equal to an increase of 3 °C from the floor temperature was chosen, and a cutoff level of 196 colored pixels was identified as the threshold to use to classify a positive case. The results of field tests showed that the developed monitoring system reached a fine detection accuracy (sensitivity = 97.9% and specificity = 94.9%) and the IR technology proved to be a possible solution for the development of a detection sensor necessary to reach the scope of this study. PMID:27775658

  5. Influence of technological processes on phenolic compounds, organic acids, furanic derivatives, and antioxidant activity of whole-lemon powder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Salas, Patricia; Gómez-Caravaca, Ana María; Arráez-Román, David; Segura-Carretero, Antonio; Guerra-Hernández, Eduardo; García-Villanova, Belén; Fernández-Gutiérrez, Alberto

    2013-11-15

    The healthy properties of citrus fruits have been attributed to ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds, mainly to flavonoids. Flavonoids are important phytonutrients because they have a wide range of biological effects that provide health-related properties. In this context, this study seeks to characterise the phenolic compounds in lemon and their stability in different drying processes (freeze-drying and vacuum-drying) and storage conditions (-18 and 50°C for 1 and 3months). A powerful high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to DAD and electrospray-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-TOF-MS) method has been applied for the separation, identification, and quantification of 19 phenolic compounds and 4 organic acids. To our knowledge, two hydroxycinnamic acids have been identified for the first time in lemon. Folin-Ciocalteu was applied to determine total phenolic compounds and TEAC, FRAP, and ORAC were applied to determine the antioxidant capacity of lemon. Total phenolic content significantly differed in the samples analysed, vacuum-dried lemon showing the highest phenolic content, followed by freeze-dried lemon and, finally, vacuum-dried lemon stored at 50°C for 1 and 3months. The content in furanic compounds was determined to evaluate the heat damage in lemon and it was showed an increase with the thermal treatment because of the triggering of Maillard reaction. As exception of ORAC, antioxidant-capacity assays were not correlated to phenolic content by HPLC due to the formation of antioxidant compounds during Maillard reaction.

  6. [Conceptual foundations of creation of branch database of technology and intellectual property rights owned by scientific institutions, organizations, higher medical educational institutions and enterprises of healthcare sphere of Ukraine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horban', A Ie

    2013-09-01

    The question of implementation of the state policy in the field of technology transfer in the medical branch to implement the law of Ukraine of 02.10.2012 No 5407-VI "On Amendments to the law of Ukraine" "On state regulation of activity in the field of technology transfers", namely to ensure the formation of branch database on technology and intellectual property rights owned by scientific institutions, organizations, higher medical education institutions and enterprises of healthcare sphere of Ukraine and established by budget are considered. Analysis of international and domestic experience in the processing of information about intellectual property rights and systems implementation support transfer of new technologies are made. The main conceptual principles of creation of this branch database of technology transfer and branch technology transfer network are defined.

  7. Bandaojing Liquor Organic Mud Pit Production Technology%扳倒井酒有机窖泥的生产技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡鹏飞; 胥伟宏; 信春晖; 许玲

    2013-01-01

    介绍了扳倒井有机窖泥的制作方法,包括窖泥功能菌的扩大培养条件及其培养基,窖泥的具体配料及其制作过程,扳倒井有机窖泥生产技术的特点;陈述了扳倒井判断成熟有机窖泥的检验标准,以及在改造老化窖池时的使用方法;说明了在酿酒生产过程中,为延缓池壁窖泥的老化而采取的措施,并讨论了池壁窖泥老化的主要原因,是因为现代建造的窖池多数是砖窖,导致能够养护窖泥的黄浆水大量渗漏。%This paper introduced a method for making Bandaojing organic mud pit, including functional bacteria in pit mud culture conditions and medium expansion, concrete batching and making process of pit mud, characteristics of Bandaojing organic mud pit production technology;stated Bandaojing judgment test mature organic mud pit standard, as well as in the transformation of aging cellar when using method;in the wine production process, to delay the aging pool wall pit mud measures, and discussed the main reasons of the pool wall pit mud aging, was the most modern construction of the pit was a brick kiln, leading to maintenance of pit mud of yellow serofluid bulk leakage.

  8. Federal Technology Transfer Act Success Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Successful Federal Technology Transfer Act (FTTA) partnerships demonstrate the many advantages of technology transfer and collaboration. EPA and partner organizations create valuable and applicable technologies for the marketplace.

  9. 有机过氧化物交联电缆的工艺及设备相关技术研究%Research on Technology and Equipment of Organic Peroxide Cross-linked Cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宁红

    2012-01-01

    The productive technologies and equipments of organic peroxide cross-linking are discussed.And the international advanced crosslinking production equipment and improved technology are introduced.%讨论了有机过氧化物交联的生产工艺、设备,介绍了目前国际先进的交联生产设备和改进工艺.

  10. The Semantic Learning Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sicilia, Miguel-Angel; Lytras, Miltiadis D.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is introducing the concept of a "semantic learning organization" (SLO) as an extension of the concept of "learning organization" in the technological domain. Design/methodology/approach: The paper takes existing definitions and conceptualizations of both learning organizations and Semantic Web technology to develop…

  11. I Get to Use an iPod in School? Using Technology-Based Advance Organizers to Support the Academic Success of English Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billings, Elsa S.; Mathison, Carla

    2012-08-01

    This study investigated the impact of technology-based advance organizers (TBAOs) on the academic performance of 240 4th grade English learners (ELs) participating in a science class in School in the Park (SITP), a museum-school collaboration. While SITP provides a rich, hands-on learning environment, ELs face significant linguistic challenges in their ability to access the dense academic language and concepts provided in SITP's English only curriculum, thus negatively impacting ELs' engagement and learning. The TBAOs were designed in response to this issue. The study investigated two forms of treatment: TBAOs viewed on individual handheld mobile devices (HMDs), specifically iPods; and, TBAOs viewed as a whole class on DVD. The study utilized both qualitative and quantitative data sources, including a pre- and posttest, hands-on and performance-based assessments, as well as focus interviews. Results showed a significant interaction effect between group assignment, language status and application assessments, indicating ELs performed significantly better in the treatment groups. Students who used the HMD instead of the DVD or no treatment improved their total scores significantly on hands-on, performance-based measurements. Differences between treatment and control groups' performance on pre-/posttests approached significance. Furthermore, students reported TBAOs supported learning by introducing new material, introducing and reviewing daily academic vocabulary, and helping them anticipate behavioral and procedural expectations of hands-on activities. Classroom and museum educators reported an increase in the treatment groups' motivation and engagement. The study provided important implications in the use and power of learner-controlled technology in supporting ELs' linguistic and academic success.

  12. Research of inverted index method based on block organizing technology%分块组织技术的倒排索引方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓波

    2012-01-01

    为了进一步提高检索系统的整体效率,提出了一种分块组织技术的倒排索引方法.具体研究过程是在数据统计的基础上产生倒排索引的检索性能模型,分析倒排文件分块索引项的组织策略,通过仿真实验对检索性能模型进行验证.研究结果表明:分块组织倒排文件方法可以在较小的检索算法循环次数下,获得较高的算法效率,显著减少检索算法的执行时间,验证了倒排文件分块索引方法的可行性.%In order to further improve the overall efficiency of retrieval system, this paper proposes a method of inverted index based on block organizing technology. The specific studying process is as follows. Retrieval performance model of inverted index is generated based on data statistics. Organizational strategy of inverted file block index is analyzed. Retrieval performance model is verified through simulation experiment. The result shows that the method of inverted file block organization can get higher algorithm efficiency under the condition of less cycle numbers in the search algorithm, and also reduce the execution time of search algorithm significantly, which can verify the feasibility of inverted file block index method.

  13. The Matrix Organization Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gattiker, Urs E.; Ulhøi, John Parm

    1999-01-01

    This paper gives a short overview of matrix structure and technology management. It outlines some of the characteristics and also points out that many organizations may actualy be hybrids (i.e. mix several ways of organizing to allocate resorces effectively).......This paper gives a short overview of matrix structure and technology management. It outlines some of the characteristics and also points out that many organizations may actualy be hybrids (i.e. mix several ways of organizing to allocate resorces effectively)....

  14. The Matrix Organization Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gattiker, Urs E.; Ulhøi, John Parm

    1999-01-01

    This paper gives a short overview of matrix structure and technology management. It outlines some of the characteristics and also points out that many organizations may actualy be hybrids (i.e. mix several ways of organizing to allocate resorces effectively).......This paper gives a short overview of matrix structure and technology management. It outlines some of the characteristics and also points out that many organizations may actualy be hybrids (i.e. mix several ways of organizing to allocate resorces effectively)....

  15. 科技中介组织与军民科技资源融合发展研究%Study on Sci-tech Intermediate Organizations and Civil-Military Integration of Scientific and Technological Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚玲; 肖越

    2015-01-01

    发展军民融合科技中介组织是实施军民融合战略的必然要求。当前,科技中介组织在管理体制、组织体系构建、服务能力提升、政府政策支持等方面存在诸多问题。只有建立起多层次组织体系和广泛协作网络,合理界定政府与科技中介的关系,建立完善的监督体系和政策制度,促进科技中介服务市场化、专业化、网络化、规模化发展,才能发挥其在军民科技资源融合发展中的作用,推动区域科技创新能力的提升。%The strategy of civil-military integration must develop civil-military integration of science and technology intermedi⁃ary organizations. At present, science and technology intermediary organization has many problems in the management system, or⁃ganization system construction, service ability to ascend and the government’ s policy support. It affects military and civilian re⁃sources integration of science and technology development. In order to make the sci-tech intermediary organizations in military and civilian science and technology playing a role of two-way flow and optimized allocation of resources, we must build up the multi-lev⁃el organization system and extensive collaboration networks, define the relationship between government and science reasonably and establish a perfect supervision system. It can promote science and technology intermediary service marketization, specialization and scale development.

  16. Application of Heat Pipe Technology in Flue Gas Waste Heat Recycling of Organic Heat Carrier Boiler%热管技术在有机热载体锅炉烟气余热回收上的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄云燕

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, more and more construction units use heat pipe technology to reduce exhaust gas temperature for reducing flue gas heat loss. Industrial managers should attach great importance to the application of heat pipe technology in the flue gas waste heat recycling of organic heat carrier boiler. From energy consumption situation of organic heat carrier boiler, this paper introduces the main purpose of flue gas waste heat recycling of organic heat carrier boiler, carries on a brief introduction for application of heat pipe technology in flue gas waste heat recycling of organic heat carrier boiler.%近些年来,越来越多建设单位采用热管技术降低排烟温度来减少烟气热损失,工业管理者应该高度重视热管技术在有机热载体锅炉烟气余热回收上的应用。本文从有机热载体锅炉能耗状况着手,介绍了有机热载体锅炉烟气余热回收的主要用途,对热管技术在有机热载体锅炉烟气余热回收上的应用做了简单介绍。

  17. Technology or Process First?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siurdyban, Artur Henryk; Svejvig, Per; Møller, Charles

    between them using strategic alignment, Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management theories. We argue that the insights from these cases can lead to a better alignment between process and technology. Implications for practice include the direction towards a closer integration of process...... and technology factors in organizations. Theoretical implications call for a design-oriented view of technology and process alignment....

  18. Organization and Management of Implementation of Supported by National Science and Technology Project%国家科技支撑项目实施的组织管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丰其云

    2014-01-01

    The organization and coordination process of project implementation "Presentation of Performance Effect on the Key Supporting Technology Development and Application" was expounded here, the scientific method and operating experience of science and technology supporting project management were explored, and measures dealing with the problems in organization and coordination process were analyzed, so as to further improving the management of such projects.%阐述“演出效果呈现关键支撑技术研发与应用示范”项目实施的组织与协调过程,探索科技支撑项目管理的科学方法及操作经验,分析组织与协调过程中应对问题的措施,以求进一步提高此类项目的管理水平。

  19. Evidence toward an expanded international civil aviation organization (ICAO) concept of a single unified global communication navigation surveillance air traffic management (CNS/ATM) system: A quantitative analysis of ADS-B technology within a CNS/ATM system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Gregory S.

    This research dissertation summarizes research done on the topic of global air traffic control, to include technology, controlling world organizations and economic considerations. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) proposed communication, navigation, surveillance, air traffic management system (CNS/ATM) plan is the basis for the development of a single global CNS/ATM system concept as it is discussed within this study. Research will be evaluated on the efficacy of a single technology, Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) within the scope of a single global CNS/ATM system concept. ADS-B has been used within the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Capstone program for evaluation since the year 2000. The efficacy of ADS-B was measured solely by using National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) data relating to accident and incident rates within the Alaskan airspace (AK) and that of the national airspace system (NAS).

  20. 基于关系数据库的半结构化XML数据组织技术%Semi-structured XM L data organization technology based on relational database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹叡; 吴玲达; 崔亮

    2014-01-01

    There are many XML data organization and management technologies .XML data ,data schemata ,and semi-structu-red XML data features were described ,the XML database and XML data storage methods were introduced ,main XML data organiza-tion strategies in the relational database were discussed .The semi-structured XML encoding was divided into the order encoding , the path encoding ,the hybrid encoding and the update-supporting extend encoding based on the encoding mechanism .The semi-structured encoding technology was analyzed and summarized .The XML data organization technology development tendency was prospected ,and the foundation for further XML data organization technology research was provided .%XM L数据的组织和管理存在多种方法。描述XM L数据、模式以及半结构化XM L数据特点,介绍XM L数据库与XM L数据存储方法,讨论XM L数据在关系数据库中的组织策略;基于编码机制,将半结构化XM L 编码分成次序编码、路径编码、混合编码和支持更新的扩展编码,分析总结半结构化XM L数据编码技术,展望XM L数据组织技术的发展趋势,为进一步进行XM L数据组织技术研究提供基础。

  1. Study of Semantic Information Organization Technologies Based on Topic - DITA and Topic Maps%基于“Topic”的语义信息组织技术研究——以DITA和Topic Maps为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 张秀梅

    2012-01-01

    Semantic information organization based on Topic and classical Subject Theory of Ubrary science are in separable, which can be seen as an evolution and practical subject technology of conceptual Subject Theory in the Semantic Web environment Firstly, this article interprets the concept of Subject and Topic, overviews two kinds of international standards technology based on topicjiamely Topic Maps and Dt Tajihen, it briefly describes Topic Maps technology and application, and focuses on DITA technology and application thath as not been known in domestic libraries; finally, it wraps up semantic information organization based on topic.%基于“Topic”的语义信息组织与图书馆学的经典Subject理论密不可分,可将其视为较为抽象化的Subject理论在语义Web环境下的一种“演化”和实用化的主题技术.文章首先解读Subject和Topic的概念,并概述两种基于Topic的国际标准技术,即Topic Maps和DITA;其次,简要描述Topic Maps的技术和应用,并重点介绍在图书馆界鲜为人知的DITA技术及其应用;再次,对基于“Topic”的语义信息组织方法予以总结.

  2. Applications of Immobilized Microorganism Technology in High Concentration Organic Wastewater Treatment%固定化微生物技术在处理高浓度有机废水中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟

    2011-01-01

    The application development of immobilized microorganism technology in high concentration organic wastewater treatment was analyzed through the introduction of immobilized technology and carrier selections.Through discussing the effects of immobilized microorganism technology on various kinds of organic wastewater treatment,it is concluded that immobilized microorganism technology is a more efficient method than common biological treatments,a research result which is consistent with results reported by researchers from home and abroad.This paper also explains the prospects of this technology.Although application of immobilized technology is wide-spread,there are also several problems in actual operation.Suggestions are provided to these problems.%通过对固定化技术方法以及不同载体选择的介绍,分析评价了固定化微生物在高浓度有机废水处理中应用研究进展。并通过探讨固定化微生物技术对各种有机废水的处理效率,可以看出:与国内外研究者的研究结果一致,固定化微生物技术的确是一种比一般微生物处理法更为有效地废水处理方法。同时,也阐明了该技术的研究前景:虽然固定化技术的应用前景十分广泛,但在实际操作中也存在一些问题。并对这些存在的问题提出建议和意见。

  3. Multi-Level Security for Automotive–RFID Based Technology with Lab VIEW Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Darshini .V

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Security has become a prominent parameter for all the electronic gadgets. This proposed paper aims at securing the automotive and also preventing the unauthorized persons from accessing it. The technologies such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID, thumb registration system and face recognition will be applied for the security measures. This proposed system will also be implemented in LabVIEW using Educational Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Suite II (ELVIS. Initially, the RFID system will be authenticated .The importance of this system is that, it gets verification from the Road Transportation Office (RTO.The user will require an authentication to get proceed to the thumb registration module by which the efficiency of the thumb is enhanced using Pattern Matching Algorithm (PMA. Face recognition system is a technique which will be used after the thumb registration system. At last, this system allows the user to drive the car. For emergency, a key insertion slot will be placed in the system through which the user can insert the key. During this emergency mode of operation the camera captures the driver’s image and sends it to the owner’s mobile as Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS. The owner will provide the authentication password; this in turn allows the user to drive the vehicle. Global System for Mobile communication (GSM module is also kept inbuilt for tracking purpose. Among the different technologies proposed, RFID technique is briefly discussed in this paper.

  4. The Effect of Technology on Alienation from Work. Testing Blauner's Inverted U-Curve Hypothesis for 110 Industrial Organizations and 245 Retrained Printers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Frank M.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Presents new evidence on the effect of technology on worker alienation, using data from the organizational level as well as the individual level. In the latter approach, the impact of automation on the work of newspaper printers is examined. (SK)

  5. Research on Generic Technology Innovation of Industrial ClusterBased on Self organization Theory%基于自组织理论的产业集群共性技术创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑小碧

    2012-01-01

    产业集群共性技术创新是一个由共性技术的识别、研发与商业化扩散构成的集体学习过程,对产业集群竞争力的提升与可持续发展意义重大.从经济系统自组织理论的视角对此进行了探索.理论模型及案例研究表明:产业集群共性技术创新是一个由创新行为主体子系统、创新服务主体子系统和创新环境子系统耦合而成的自组织系统.与此同时,子系统或要素间合作随机概率、自组织特征、自组织机制以及创新外部性的阶段性演变,共同推动了产业集群共性技术创新自组织系统从自创生、自生长向自维持阶段演进和跃迁,并由此决定了产业集群共性技术创新管理体制和组织模式的阶段性与多样性.%Generic technology innovation of industrial cluster is a learning process, which consists identifying,R&D and diffusion of Generic technology. So it is very important for industrial cluster, competitiveness and sustainable development. Theoretical model and the case study show that generic technology innovation of industrial is a self-organization system, which is constituted of innovation behavior subsystem,service subsystem and innovation environment subsystems. Meanwhile, subsystem cooperation random probability,self-organization feature,self-organization mechanism and externality of industrial cluster jointly promote the evolution of generic technology innovation. In this process,self-organization system has three stages,self-creation,self-growth,self-sustain, which determines the management and organization model of generic technology innovation.

  6. 对农业技术自组织推广能力提升问题的理论探讨%Theoretical Study on Promotion of Self-organizing Generalization Abilities in Agricultural Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴雄周

    2011-01-01

    The self-organizing generalization abilities in agricultural technology include the self-organizing raise of funds,the self-organizing promotion of people competence, the self-organizing transportation of information, the self-organizing management of risk, the self-organizing establishment of organizations and so on. With the advancing construction of modern agriculture, the transformation of the government's "other-organizing" generalization idea as well as the acquirement of perpetual developing motion in agriculture, there is practical requirement of the promotion of the self-organizing generalization abilities. Meanwhile, the characteristic of dissipative structure along with the co-existence of competition and cooperation among the components in this generalization system provides possibility for its formation.Therefore, we need to strengthen the characteristic of dissipative structure and develop the competition and cooperation among the internal components to promote the self-organizing generalization abilities in agricultural technology.%农业技术自组织推广能力包括推广的资金自组织筹运、人员素质自组织提升、信息自组织收送、风险自组织处理、组织自组织缔结等能力.现代农业建设的推进、政府"他组织"推广思路的转变和农业持久发展动力的获得,对自组织推广能力的提升提出了客观要求;而推广体系的耗散结构特征及其内部组分间竞争与协同的存在,为其形成提供了可能性.应从耗散结构特征的强化及内部组分间竞争与协同的促成等,提升农业技术自组织推广能力.

  7. Human Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology and Ethics) (Amelioration des performances humaines dans les operations militaires de l’OTAN (Science, Technologie et Ethique)). RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium held in Sofia, Bulgaria, on 5-7 October 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    du personnel et des unités, en matière de performances. • L’OTAN devrait établir un programme de gestion des connaissances exploitant les schémas en...vigueur concernant la santé et la performance dans les conflits actuels et passés et dans les exercices afin d’orienter les programmes de recherche

  8. 演化视角下的产学研技术联盟组建模式研究%Research on the organizing mode of indnstry-university-institute technology alliance based on the view of evolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单宝乐; 原毅军

    2011-01-01

    旨在研究产学研技术联盟组建模式的动态特征,分析产学研技术联盟组建模式转变的主要标志。基于协同理论的相关方法,构建了产学研技术联盟创新系统的演化方程。经过分析,给出了产学研技术联盟不同的组建模式,并认为产学研技术联盟的主体变换是其组建模式转变的关键因素,在必要时刻还应当发挥政府参与的关键作用。%This paper aims to study the dynamical features of the organizing modes of industry-university-institute technology alliance, and to analyze the main symbols of the transfer coordination theory,this paper sets up the evolution equation of of the organizing modes. Based on the methods of industry-university-institute technology alliance' s innovation system. The paper shows different kinds of organizing modes of industry-university-institute technology alliance,and concludes that the conversion of different dominant entities is a key factor leading to the change of organizing modes. Also this paper points out that the government involvement can play an important role when necessary.

  9. Emerging E-Communication Technologies and Their Usage in Project-Based Organizations = Uvajanje e-komunikacijskih orodij in njihova uporaba v projektno usmerjenih organizacijah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mats Engsbo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how the introduction of electronic communication in the Architectural-Engineering-Construction industry is impacting on two domains of management, namely production management and project management. In the study, traditional organizations are associated with production management, and project-based organizations are associated with project management. By looking at the usage, we want to pin down which e-communication tools are more tightly coupled to the form of management. The data for the study were collected through two surveys, one total population survey in the Finnish and Swedish house building industries as representatives of traditional organizations, and a focused survey in the project-based industries. Our results showed that electronic document management and scheduling were more prominent among project-based organizations, as these firms exhibit more inter-organizational communication.

  10. Organically vs conventionally grown winter wheat: effects on grain yield, technological quality, and on phenolic composition and antioxidant properties of bran and refined flour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzoncini, Marco; Antichi, Daniele; Silvestri, Nicola; Ciantelli, Giulia; Sgherri, Cristina

    2015-05-15

    Since organic food is widely assumed to have a better nutritional quality than conventional food, our aim was to study the effects of organic vs conventional cropping systems on yield and the phenolic composition of winter wheat cv. 'Bologna'. Although organic wheat yielded less than conventional wheat, mainly due to the nitrogen shortage, and its bread-making quality was lower, the cultivation system did not affect the total amounts of phenolics and phenolic acids. Of the eight phenolic acids identified, only ferulic acid was influenced by the cultivation system. Phenolic composition and quantity were significantly affected by the milling fraction (bran or white flour): phenolics were more concentrated in the bran, which showed the highest antioxidant power. Under the conditions adopted in this study, an organic cropping system can maintain or even increase the health properties of the wheat milled products, provided a reduction in grain yield is accepted.

  11. Treatment organic wastes technologies and bio treatment for bio wastes; Tecnologias para el tratamiento de los residuos organicos y biotratamiento para bioresiduos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mata Alvarez, J. [Departamento de Ingenieria Quimica y Metalurgia, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain)

    1995-06-01

    From a chemical point of view, an organic waste it could be defined as that waste that contain a important amount of carbon, but from a practical point of view, an organic waste would be the waste that comes from living matter. The main characteristic of this waste is that can be easily degradable by biological treatments. This paper shows the different treatments existing in Europe. (Author)

  12. Industrial communication technology handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Zurawski, Richard

    2005-01-01

    The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook focuses on current and newly emerging communication technologies and systems that are evolving in response to the needs of industry and the demands of industry-led consortia and organizations.Organized into two parts, the text first summarizes the basics of data communications and IP networks, then presents a comprehensive overview of the field of industrial communications. This book extensively covers the areas of fieldbus technology, industrial Ethernet and real-time extensions, wireless and mobile technologies in industrial applications, the

  13. 电化学法处理工业有机废水新技术研究进展%Research Progress of New Technologies for Industrial Organic Wastewater Treatment by Electrochemical Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文鹏

    2016-01-01

    Electrochemical method is an advanced technology for treatment of industrial organic wastewater. It has many characteristics of high efficiency, energy saving, automation and environmental friendliness. In this paper, research and development of new technologies for treating industrial organic waste water were introduced, such as the three-dimensional electrode method,microelectrolysis,electrical Fenton,electro-catalysis. Some suggestions about further research of industrial organic waste water treatment were also put forward.%电化学是一种先进的工业有机废水处理技术,具有高效、节能、易于自动化和环境友好的特点。论述了三维电极法、微电解法、电Fenton法、电催化法等新型电化学工艺治理工业有机废水的研究进展,并指出了今后的研究方向。

  14. Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) 2.0: How Technological Innovation and Digital Organizing Sparked a Food Revolution in East Oakland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akom, Antwi; Shah, Aekta; Nakai, Aaron; Cruz, Tessa

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that technological innovation is transforming the flow of information, the fluidity of social action, and is giving birth to new forms of bottom up innovation that are capable of expanding and exploding old theories of reproduction and resistance because "smart mobs," "street knowledge," and "social…

  15. The pots and potters of Assyria : technology and organization of production, ceramics sequence and vessel function at Late Bronze Age Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duistermaat, Kim

    2007-01-01

    “The Pots and Potters of Assyria” is a comprehensive discussion of all evidence relating to pottery production from the Late Bronze Age site of Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria. Technological, morphological, stylistic and archaeological data are integrated into the understanding of pottery production and use.

  16. Decision making at different levels of the organization and the impact of new information technology - Two cases from the financial sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnberg, NM; van den Ende, J; de Wit, O

    2002-01-01

    This article focuses on the impact of information technologies on the upstream and downstream flows of information. The authors distinguish between two types of decisions and two types of decision-making criteria and propose a four-part framework in which the essential messages of systematic managem

  17. Decision making at different levels of the organization and the impact of new information technology - Two cases from the financial sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnberg, NM; van den Ende, J; de Wit, O

    This article focuses on the impact of information technologies on the upstream and downstream flows of information. The authors distinguish between two types of decisions and two types of decision-making criteria and propose a four-part framework in which the essential messages of systematic

  18. (Environmental technology)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boston, H.L.

    1990-10-12

    The traveler participated in a conference on environmental technology in Paris, sponsored by the US Embassy-Paris, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the French Environmental Ministry, and others. The traveler sat on a panel for environmental aspects of energy technology and made a presentation on the potential contributions of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to a planned French-American Environmental Technologies Institute in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Evry, France. This institute would provide opportunities for international cooperation on environmental issues and technology transfer related to environmental protection, monitoring, and restoration at US Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The traveler also attended the Fourth International Conference on Environmental Contamination in Barcelona. Conference topics included environmental chemistry, land disposal of wastes, treatment of toxic wastes, micropollutants, trace organics, artificial radionuclides in the environment, and the use biomonitoring and biosystems for environmental assessment. The traveler presented a paper on The Fate of Radionuclides in Sewage Sludge Applied to Land.'' Those findings corresponded well with results from studies addressing the fate of fallout radionuclides from the Chernobyl nuclear accident. There was an exchange of new information on a number of topics of interest to DOE waste management and environmental restoration needs.

  19. Engineering Applications of Microbial Remediation Technology in Organic Contaminated Sites%微生物技术修复有机污染场地的工程化应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝廷; 李建洲; 雷继雨

    2012-01-01

    综述了国内外微生物技术在有机污染场地修复中的应用,对几种有机污染场地修复技术进行了重点介绍,包括生物通风法、地下水曝气法、生物堆法、生物反应器法以及土壤耕作法的工程化应用,并对微生物修复技术今后的发展方向进行了展望.%The latest microbial remediation technology of organic contaminated site is reviewed. Several kinds of engineering applications are discussed in detail,which mainly included bioventing,air sparging,biopile,bioreactor and land farming. As well,the review discusses the future development of microbial site remediation technology.

  20. Transgenic plants and animals: Altered organisms from recombinant DNA technology. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection data base). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-06-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the development and use of transgenic plants and animals. Transgenic plants and animals are organisms with foreign genes inserted into their cells. Topics include methods of induction of new genes and transgenetic expression in the organism, development of animal models of human diseases, and design of insect tolerant plants. Examples of transgenic organisms include mice, fish, chickens, pigs, rye, maize, tobacco, tomatoes, lettuce, and cotton. This information is of value for the increased production of food from animals by producing animal carcasses with reduced fat content. The information is also valuable for production of herbicide tolerant, virus resistant, and insect resistant crop plants, as well as the rapid production of transgenic plants with flowers and seeds. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  1. Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    2004-01-01

    Implementation of new computer-mediated communication (CMC) systems in organizations is a complex socio-technical endeavour, involving the mutual adaptation of technology and organization over time. Drawing on the analytic concept of sensemaking, this paper provides a theoretical perspective...... that deepens our understanding of how organizations appropriate new electronic communication media. The paper analyzes how a group of mediators in a large, multinational company adapted a new web-based CMC technology (a virtual workspace) to the local organizational context (and vice versa) by modifying...... features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting appropriate conventions of use. We found that these mediators exerted considerable influence on how the technology was established and used in the organization. The mediators were not neutral facilitators of a well...

  2. Predicting E-Business Adoption through Integrating the Constructs of the Rogers’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory Combined with Technology-Organization-Environment Model

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi

    2013-01-01

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can he...

  3. The pots and potters of Assyria: technology and organization of production, ceramics sequence and vessel function at Late Bronze Age Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria

    OpenAIRE

    Duistermaat, Kim

    2007-01-01

    “The Pots and Potters of Assyria” is a comprehensive discussion of all evidence relating to pottery production from the Late Bronze Age site of Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria. Technological, morphological, stylistic and archaeological data are integrated into the understanding of pottery production and use. The pottery itself and its chronological sequence, the shaping and firing techniques, raw materials, wasters and unfired pottery are presented. In addition, workshops and their layout, tools, as w...

  4. Development of Environment-Friendly Organic Chemical Technologies at Home and Abroad%国内外环境友好有机化工技术进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婧

    2001-01-01

    介绍了国内外环境友好有机化工技术进展——原子经济反应、环境保护催化剂、超临界流体技术、以无毒无害及可再生资源为原料的新工艺,指出环境友好化学的发展不仅将对环境保护而且对我国化学工业的可持续发展产生重大影响。%The development of environment-friendly chemical technologies athome and abroad is introduced,such as atom economy reaction,environmental protection catalysts,supercritical fluid technology,and the technologies using non-toxic,harmless and regenerable resources as raw materials.It is pointed out that the development of environment-friendly chemistry will not only exert an important influence on environmental protection and sustainable development of chemical industry,but also create favorable conditions for transforming Chinese enterprises according to the international standards.

  5. Technology licensing in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Li-Ying, Jason; Chen, Jin

    2015-01-01

    We explore the landscape of technology licensing among Chinese entities in the period 2000–12, using a unique database on technological licensing from the State Intellectual Property Office of China. We find that: first, among Chinese licensee organizations, firms have dominated in terms...... of the number of licensed technologies; second, the geographical distribution of licensed technologies among the provinces has gradually reached a new quantitative balance; third, utility models are the most popular technologies to be licensed and the majority of technology licensing in China has been between...... Chinese entities, and most transactions have been local within provinces; and finally, Chinese firms have gradually in-licensed newer and newer technologies, but the technologies in-licensed from foreign sources are by no means state-of-the-art. We make several suggestions for innovation policy...

  6. What is TP Organics?

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    TP Organics is one of the 38 reconised European Technology Platforms, the only one for organic, agro-ecological and low-input food and farming research. European Technology Platforms (ETPs) are industry-led stakeholder fora that develop short to long-term research and innovation agendas and roadmaps for action at EU and national level to be supported by both private and public funding.

  7. Current particle and nanoparticle technology in Thailand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wiwut Tanthapanichakoon

    2008-01-01

    This report gives a brief introduction to key Thai organizations, including research institutions and academic departments, active in particle technology. This is followed by a description of the latest trend of powder technology and nanoparticle technology in Thailand.

  8. Organization within Organization Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopdrup-Hjorth, Thomas

    This paper explores how prevalent contemporary problematizations of organizations coincide with a widespread assessment that Organization Studies (OS) has run out of steam. This impasse, the paper argues, is largely due to the emergence of an organization-phobia that has come to seize several...... strands of theorizing. By attending to the wide-ranging and far-reaching history of this organization-phobia, the paper argues that OS has become increasingly incapable of speaking about its core object. I show how organizations went from being conceptualized as entities of major importance to becoming...

  9. Digital work in a digitally challenged organization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davison, R.M.; Ou, Carol

    2016-01-01

    Digitally literate employees are accustomed to having free access to digital media technologies. However, some organizations enact information technology (IT) governance structures that explicitly proscribe access to these technologies, resulting in considerable tension between employees and the org

  10. Digital work in a digitally challenged organization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davison, R.M.; Ou, Carol

    Digitally literate employees are accustomed to having free access to digital media technologies. However, some organizations enact information technology (IT) governance structures that explicitly proscribe access to these technologies, resulting in considerable tension between employees and the

  11. Nuclear safeguards technology handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-12-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to present to United States industrial organizations the Department of Energy's (DOE) Safeguards Technology Program. The roles and missions for safeguards in the U.S. government and application of the DOE technology program to industry safeguards planning are discussed. A guide to sources and products is included. (LK)

  12. Transgenic plants and animals: Altered organisms from recombinant DNA technology. July 1982-July 1989 (Citations from the Life Sciences Collection data base). Report for July 1982-July 1989

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-01-01

    This bibliography contains citations concerning the development and use of transgenic plants and animals. Topics include methods of induction of new genes and transgenetic expression in the organism, development of animal models of human diseases, and design of insect tolerant plants. Examples of transgenic organisms include mice, fish, chicken, pigs, rye, maize, tobacco, tomatoes, lettuce, and cotton. This information is of value for the increased production of food from animals by producing animal carcasses with reduced fat content. The information is also valuable for production of herbicide tolerant, virus resistant, and insect resistant crop plants, as well as the rapid production of transgenic plants with flowers and seeds. (Contains 383 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  13. Organizational climate in air traffic control Innovative preparedness for implementation of new technology and organizational development in a rule governed organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidsson, Marcus; Johansson, Curt R; Ek, Asa; Akselsson, Roland

    2006-03-01

    A positive and innovative organizational climate is of great importance in order to manage and adapt to change. Such a climate seldom evolves in organizations closely governed by rules and regulations. Because of ongoing organizational and technical changes within the Swedish Air Navigation Services Provider, a study concerning the organizational climate for changes and innovations was conducted to investigate the organization's capacity to cope with changes. Study locations were the two Swedish main air traffic control centers and parts of the civil aviation administration headquarters. In the study 390 subjects took part and the CCQ questionnaire was used to measure the organizational climate. The results show that the organizational climate is quite positive despite the rule-governed work. The results also show that administrative personnel assess the organizational climate as more positive than operative personnel. Comparisons between management positions did not result in any differences.

  14. ESTCP Technology Demonstration Final Report: Field Demonstration of Rhizosphere-Enhanced Treatment of Organics-Contaminated Soils on Native American Lands With Application to Northern FUD Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    fingerprint for the heavy fuel, fuel oil no. 4. ............................................75 Figure 21. Histogram for three ESTCP field sites - decalin...possibly by greater contaminant solubility due to biosurfactants or pH changes near the root surface, and by “pseudo-mixing” of soil due to root...containment or removal of organic and/ or metal contaminants). A. Phytoextraction: contaminant uptake and accumulation for removal. B

  15. Presentation of Establishing the Organic Wheat Produtc ion Base and Production Technology%有机小麦生产基地建立与生产技术论述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王铁良; 司敬沛; 张会芳; 魏亮亮; 郭洁; 李娜; 刘冰杰; 许超; 汪红; 贾斌

    2016-01-01

    根据所采用的有机小麦生产技术,对生产基地选择、基地的转换期和缓冲带等进行了论述。在有机小麦的品种选择与种子处理、土壤与栽培管理、肥水管理、病虫草害防治以及收获、包装与贮运和建立可追溯体系等方面展开进一步阐述。最后,展望了有机产品小麦生产技术的实施前景。%According to the production technology (PT) of the organic wheat, we discussed the selection of production base, the conversion peri-od and buffer zones of base.Further research was carried out from the aspects of variety selection, seed treatment, soil and cultivation manage-ment, nutrient and water management, pest and weed control, harvesting, packaging and storage, establishing traceability system and so on .Fi-nally, the application prospect of wheat production technology of organic products was forecasted.

  16. Organization and Implementation of Scientific and Technological Research and Service in Physical Education and Universities%体育院校科技攻关与服务工作的组织与实施探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐潇; 钱竞光

    2015-01-01

    Improving the performance of competitive sports needs the support of multi discipline Scientific research and technological services. Nanjing sport institute researched on the development of competitive sports,from the end of eighties last century,and organized teachers and students to service the athletes for preparing the National Games from 1999. Nanjing Sport Institute exert the advantages of “Teaching,Training,Research,” three-in-one achieved excellent results in the scientific research and technology service preparing for the Olympic Games and the National Games in this 10 years. We form the pattern of Organization and management of scientific and technological re-search,from establish scientific and technological research group,gradually build into a scientific and technological research team,research on multi discipline comprehensive science and technology. Management in the way of“pro-ject”,complete the scientific and technological research and service work as a research project,raising questions, solving problems,and working to implement. Improve basic research facilities,construct laboratory,innovation center and other high level research technology platform. Improve the system construction, establish research incentive mechanism of science and technology research and preparation for the Games,mobilize enthusiasm,ultimately effec-tive increase the scientific nature of competitive sports training,improve training level,finally we get the win in sci-entific research,discipline construction,personnel training etc.%竞技体育运动成绩的提高需要多学科的科学研究和科技服务的支撑,南京体育学院从20世纪80年代末就开展竞技体育攻关研究,1999年起组织教师和大学生为备战全运会的运动员进行科技服务,发挥学院“教学、训练、科研”三位一体的优势,在10多年的备战奥运会、全运会的科技攻关和服务中取得优秀的成果,并形成符合体育院校特点的科技

  17. 酒精装置有机废弃物制有机土壤调理剂技术%Technology of Producing Organic Soil Conditioner with Organic Waste from Alcohol Device

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄滨; 薛宏光; 杜小光; 毛士玲

    2015-01-01

    Using Gore membrane covered odorless, high temperature, aerobic fermentation and desiccation stacking aging process, with organic waste anaerobic-aerobic sludge, which is the byproduct in producing alcohol by cassava, as main raw material, using plant ash from biomass power plant as conditioner, the green and ecological organic soil conditioner is produced, realizing waste minimization and agricultural reutilization.After years of experiment, the heavy metal content of the organic soil conditioner is less than the requirements of related standards, it can improve saline-alkali soil property, having significant yield-increasing effect, and increasing utilization efficiency of fertilizer nutrients.%采用戈尔(Gore)膜覆盖无臭高温好氧发酵干化堆置陈化工艺,利用木薯制酒精装置产生的有机废弃物厌氧-好氧污泥为主要原料,以生物质电厂废弃物秸秆灰等作为调节剂,制取环保生态型有机土壤调理剂,从而实现废弃物减量化、农用资源化。经多年试验,该有机土壤调理剂的重金属含量优于有关标准的要求,可明显改善盐碱地土壤性能,作物增产效果明显,且可提高肥料养分利用率。

  18. Emerging technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Shin-yee

    1993-03-01

    The mission of the Emerging Technologies thrust area at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is to help individuals establish technology areas that have national and commercial impact, and are outside the scope of the existing thrust areas. We continue to encourage innovative ideas that bring quality results to existing programs. We also take as our mission the encouragement of investment in new technology areas that are important to the economic competitiveness of this nation. In fiscal year 1992, we have focused on nine projects, summarized in this report: (1) Tire, Accident, Handling, and Roadway Safety; (2) EXTRANSYT: An Expert System for Advanced Traffic Management; (3) Odin: A High-Power, Underwater, Acoustic Transmitter for Surveillance Applications; (4) Passive Seismic Reservoir Monitoring: Signal Processing Innovations; (5) Paste Extrudable Explosive Aft Charge for Multi-Stage Munitions; (6) A Continuum Model for Reinforced Concrete at High Pressures and Strain Rates: Interim Report; (7) Benchmarking of the Criticality Evaluation Code COG; (8) Fast Algorithm for Large-Scale Consensus DNA Sequence Assembly; and (9) Using Electrical Heating to Enhance the Extraction of Volatile Organic Compounds from Soil.

  19. Research on the Influential Factors of Organization Interface Coordination of Major Science and Technology Projects%重大科技工程组织界面协同影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石秀; 刘建昌; 江燕

    2014-01-01

    重大科技工程跨学科、跨专业、多方参与的特点决定了参与组织间交互关系管理的重要性。基于界面管理理论与复杂系统理论,首先,从工程外部环境、内部环境、参与组织、工程特点4个方面提出14个重大科技工程组织界面协同管理的影响因素;其次,构建影响因素的解释结构模型,并分别从层次、影响路径分析影响因素间的逻辑关系;最后,提出从制度制定和协同文化、平台建设上加强政府主导作用的建议,以促进重大科技工程组织界面协同管理。%The characteristics of major science and technology projects are inter-disciplinary,inter-professional,multi-stakeholder,which determined the importance of the management of interaction relationship between organizations in-volved in the projects.Based on interface management theory and complex systems theory,firstly,we proposed 1 4 influ-ential factors of collaborative management of organization interface of major science and technology projects,from four as-pects such as external environment of the engineering,internal environment,participating organizations,the features of project.Secondly,we constructed an interpretative structural model of influential factors,and analyzed the logical rela-tionships among influencing factors from the perspective of horizontal,vertical and overall.Finally,we proposed the sug-gestion that we should strengthen the leading role of the government from the selection of dominant path,in order to pro-mote collaborative management of organization interface of major science and technology projects.

  20. The Role and Status of Standardization Document Service Organizations in Promoting Enterprises Technological Innovation%试论标准化文献服务机构在企业技术创新中的作用和地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘薇; 胡雄伟

    2011-01-01

    The standardization is an important driving force and significant part of enterprises technological innovation. It is necessary to make some in depth research on the relationship between standardization and enterprises technological innovation. Through introduction of the practice and development of foreign standardization activities and the situation of China's innovation policy system, the paper emphasizes the role and status of standardization document service organizations in promoting enterprises technological innovation. By fully exerting the activity of standard document services, and deep mining, accessing and using the standardization information resources, the process of China's enterprises standardization will be greatly promoted.%文章中重点指出标准化是企业技术创新的重要推动力和重要组成部分,深入探讨标准化与企业技术创新的相互关系具有重要的意义.通过介绍国外标准化的实践与发展,以及我国的创新政策体系现状,着重强调了标准化文献服务机构在推动企业技术创新中的作用和地位,充分发挥标准文献服务的作用,深度挖掘和利用标准文献资源,将极大地推进我国企业标准化进程.

  1. Social Network Analysis of Scientists, Organizations and Technologies and Their Relationships%科学家、组织与技术及其关系的社会网络分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙祯桢; 渠文博; 倪奕

    2012-01-01

    社会网络分析能够对社会网络中行为者之间的关系进行量化分析,以可视化的图形界面展示节点之间的深层关系及群体结构.本文从维基百科中采集计算机网络领域内前沿网络技术、突出贡献科学家和学术信息权威组织机构的相应信息,构建网络技术与科学家、组织机构与科学家等多种类型的关系网络,从中心性、凝聚性及核心-边缘结构等方面进行社会网络分析,得到热点技术、核心研究团队等计算机网络发展趋势上的若干特征.%The social network analysis can quantify the relationships between the actors of social network and show the deep relationships and group structure between the nodes through graphical interface. The data in the text is collected from Wikipedia, composing the forefront technologies in the field of computer network, the corresponding information about the outstanding scientists and the authoritative academic organizations. Based on the data, various types of networks such as technologies and scientists network, organizations and scientists network are built. These networks are analyzed from three aspects, the central, cohesion and core-periphery structure. As a result, a number of features such as the hot technology, the core research team and the development trends of computer network is concluded.

  2. Mr. Learning Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumaine, Brian

    1994-01-01

    Peter Senge's learning organization theory suggests that the new challenges of the information age demand radical transformation of businesses, schools, and governments. Examples from Ford, Federal Express, and GS Technologies illustrate the use of the tools of the learning organization. (JOW)

  3. Handheld new technology Raman and portable FT-IR spectrometers as complementary tools for the in situ identification of organic materials in modern art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vagnini, M.; Gabrieli, F.; Daveri, A.; Sali, D.

    2017-04-01

    A non-invasive approach has been carried out to characterize painting materials used in modern artworks conserved in the art collection of Carandente's museum at Palazzo Collicola in Spoleto (Italy). This work is focused on the cross-validation of the handheld BRAVO Raman spectrometer, that uses a sequentially Shifted Excitation (SSE) to mitigate fluorescence, for the characterization specifically of organic materials. The analytical procedure, combining XRF, Raman and reflection infrared spectroscopy, allowed a complete characterization of the artists' palettes; particularly eight different synthetic dyes belonging to the class of pigment red (PR) and pigment yellow (PY.), synthetic and traditional binders, such as alkyd resin and lipids have been easily identified.

  4. Matrix Organization Structure Modeling of Vocational Colleges Based on UML Technology%基于UML技术高职院校矩阵式组织结构建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫兵

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, Chinese vocational colleges are undergoing optimization combination and transformation development, they have to face the organization structure adjustment. The vocational colleges are discussed in the paper how to use the new organizational structure, with the help of UML technology, with the fastest and the most reasonable way to build a flexible and practical organization model. The organization structure are adjusted according to the model, in order to achieve competition ad⁃vantage in the future.%目前我国许多高职院校正处在二级管理变革中,需要直面的问题就是组织结构调整。文章讨论了高职院校如何利用新型组织结构,借助UML技术,以最快和最合理的方式建立具有柔性和实用性的组织模型,依据该模型进行组织结构调整,以期在今后的竞争中取得先机。

  5. 生物除磷系统中聚磷菌检测常用技术%Commonly Used Technologies for Detecting Phosphate Accumulating Organisms in Biological Phosphorus Removal System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘丹华; 李勇; 张娜

    2013-01-01

    As the main functional bacteria in biological phosphorus removal system, it was an inevitable trend to have a qualitative and quantitative analysis for phosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) in order to deeply understand the biological phosphorus removal system and improve phosphorus removal efficiency. Mainly used methods for detecting PAOs include chemical and molecular biological technologies. Characteristics and applications of technologies such as fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), degeneration gradient electrophoresis (DGGE) and combined technologies used in detecting PAOs were reviewed. Some improvement measures and future direction for PAOs detecting technologies were also offered.%作为生物除磷系统中的主要功能菌,对聚磷菌菌群进行定性、定量分析是深入理解生物除磷系统、提高除磷效率的必然趋势.目前常用于检测聚磷菌的方法主要有生物化学法和分子生物学法,文章主要阐述了荧光原位杂交技术、聚合酶链反应技术、变性梯度凝胶电泳技术以及多技术结合使用的特点及应用情况,并在此基础上提出了改进措施以及聚磷菌检测技术的发展方向.

  6. Analysis of critical technology for hydrogen production in plasma pyrolysis and gasification of organic waste%等离子体热解气化有机废弃物制氢的关键技术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜长明; 吴焦; 黄娅妮

    2016-01-01

    Plasma pyrolysis and gasification of organic solid waste to produce hydrogen is an advanced and efficient technology for waste treatment and resource utilization. Firstly, the mechanism of the plasma pyrolysis and gasification technology for solid waste treatment was described, the types and characteristics of the plasma generator was also summarized. Then, the influence factors of plasma treatment of solid waste were analyzed, the input power and the carrier gas type were the main factors influencing the plasma treatment. At last, the application status and prospect of using plasma technology to treat medical waste, agriculture and forestry biomass, sludge etc. were introduced and analyzed in details, points out that the plasma pyrolysis and gasification of solid waste technology is a potential method for hydrogen production.%等离子体热解气化有机固体废物制氢是一种先进高效的废物处理及资源化利用技术。首先,本文讨论了等离子体热解气化有机废弃物的机理,也概括了等离子体发生器的类型及其特点,其次分析了等离子体处理固体废弃物的影响因素,认为输入功率和载气类型等是影响等离子体处理的主要因素,最后总结了等离子体处理医疗垃圾、农林生物质、污泥等的应用现状与前景,指出等离子体热解气化固体废弃物是一种很有潜力的制氢方法。

  7. Refractive Surgery: New Techniques and Usability for Military Personnel (La chirurgie refractive: Nouvelles techniques et leur application pour le personnel militaire)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    2216 NASA d’information scientifique et technique (STI) ETATS-UNIS NASA Langley Research Center, STI Program Office, MS 157A (accessible également...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(HFM-191)TP/469 www.rto.nato.int RTO TECHNICAL REPORT TR...NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION AC/323(HFM-191)TP/469

  8. Technology-Use Mediation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bansler, Jørgen P.; Havn, Erling C.

    2003-01-01

    This study analyzes how a group of ‘mediators’ in a large, multinational company adapted a computer-mediated communication technology (a ‘virtual workspace’) to the organizational context (and vice versa) by modifying features of the technology, providing ongoing support for users, and promoting...... of technology-use mediation is more complex and indeterminate than earlier literature suggests. In particular, we want to draw attention to the fact that advanced computer-mediated communication technologies are equivocal and that technology-use mediation consequently requires ongoing sensemaking (Weick 1995)....... appropriate conventions of use. Our findings corroborate earlier research on technology-use mediation, which suggests that such mediators can exert considerable influence on how a particular technology will be established and used in an organization. However, this study also indicates that the process...

  9. Knowledge Organization = Information Organization?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    Are the terms ―information organization‖ (IO), ―organization of information‖ (OI) and ―information architecture‖ (IA) synonyms for knowledge organization (KO)? This study uses bibliometric methods, among others, to determine some relations between these terms and their meanings. Apparently the data...

  10. Knowledge Organization = Information Organization?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    Are the terms ―information organization‖ (IO), ―organization of information‖ (OI) and ―information architecture‖ (IA) synonyms for knowledge organization (KO)? This study uses bibliometric methods, among others, to determine some relations between these terms and their meanings. Apparently the data...

  11. Self-Organization Evolution Mechanism of Regional Technology Incubation Networks%区域科技孵化网络的自组织演化机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振华; 赵黎明

    2011-01-01

    区域科技孵化网络是一个涉及大量行为主体和要素之间相互作用的复杂社会经济系统.基于自组织演化理论,研究了区域科技孵化网络自组织演化的基本原理,指出合作竞争是区域科技孵化网络自组织演化的动力来源.根据承担功能的不同,把区域科技孵化网络分成了核心网络、辅助网络和外部网络3 个层次,分析了区域科技孵化网络由核心网络向辅助网络、外部网络自组织演化的过程.研究表明,当核心主体之间的联系不断加强,且大部分核心主体共享某些辅助主体和外部主体时,网络的有序性和有效性将不断提高.%The regional technology incubation network is a complex social economic system which involves interactions of a lot of actors and elements. This study examines the self-organization evolution process of regional technology incubation network based on self-organization theory, indicates that cooperation-competition is the motivation of the networks self-organization evolution. The network can be divided into three layers of core network, assistant network and exterior network based on the actors' function. The study indicates that the order and efficiency of the regional technology incubation network can be improved when the interactions of core actors are strengthened and most of the core actors share assistant and exterior actors.

  12. Organization Mode of Enterprise Leading Innovation Network on Green Construction Technology%企业主导绿色施工技术创新网络组织模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨亚频

    2014-01-01

    绿色低碳发展已成为当前社会发展的主旋律,建筑施工企业应该把绿色施工技术应用能力和开发能力作为企业的核心竞争力之一。绿色施工技术创新采用何种组织结构对技术创新的成功与否具有重大影响。从组织的角度构建由目标、结点、联结和协议四项要素为基础的企业主导绿色施工技术创新网络组织模式,力求通过实现网络组织的需求引领、关系约定、制度设计、激励约束、文化管理以及边界治理等6项组织功能突破建筑企业技术创新的管理瓶颈,为建筑企业绿色施工技术创新管理提供新思路。%Green, low-carbon development has become the main theme of social development,construction companies should put green construction technology and development capabilities as one of the core competitiveness of enterprises. What kind of organization structure on technology innovation and the success of the construction project have a significant impact on technology innovation. From the angle of organization, innovation network includes the target node,link,and protocol. This paper tries to overcome managerial bottleneck from six organizational function, such as need leading, Relationship Agreement,system design, incentive and restraint,culture management and boundary governance. This paper provides a new idea for the technology innovation management of construction enterprises.

  13. Energy recovery efficiency and cost analysis of VOC thermal oxidation pollution control technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warahena, Aruna S K; Chuah, Yew Khoy

    2009-08-01

    Thermal oxidation of VOC is extremely energy intensive, and necessitates high efficiency heat recovery from the exhaust heat. In this paper, two independent parameters heat recovery factor (HRF) and equipment cost factor (ECF) are introduced. HRF and ECF can be used to evaluate separately the merits of energy efficiency and cost effectiveness of VOC oxidation systems. Another parameter equipment cost against heat recovery (ECHR) which is a function of HRF and ECF is introduced to evaluate the merit of different systems for the thermal oxidation of VOC. Respective cost models were derived for recuperative thermal oxidizer (TO) and regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO). Application examples are presented to show the use and the importance of these parameters. An application examples show that TO has a lower ECF while RTO has a higher HRF. However when analyzed using ECHR, RTO would be of advantage economically in longer periods of use. The analytical models presented can be applied in similar environmental protection systems.

  14. The Organization and Information Technology in Applying QFD%QFD实施中的组织管理与信息技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔造杰; 郝永敬

    2001-01-01

    提出了质量功能配置小组的层次结构问题,并对不同层次上具有不同特点的小组在大小、类型、生存期和管理四个方面进行了讨论。本文还介绍了QFD小组各功能间的信息交流,并将其与阶段评价方法做了比较,进而提出了QFD小组与企业其他部分进行信息交流的模型。最后讨论了QFD应用中的四种信息技术。%This paper presents the question of hierarchy structure of QFD multifunctional team and discusses the size,type, duration and management of team with different character . It also introduces the information communication among functions and does some comparison with phase-review method, then presents a communication model to enhance the communication between QFD team and other function department . Finally, four information technologies in applying QFD are discussed.

  15. Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, John T.

    2010-01-01

    Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

  16. Modelling in Medical Technology Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B.C. Michel (Bowine)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractHealth care is a rapidly developing field in which new technologies are introduced continuously. Not all new technologies have the same impact however: most represent only small changes in existing technologies, whereas only a few - like organ transplants - really are revolutionary new d

  17. 有机凝胶控水及堵水技术研究%Research on Water Control and Water Shutoff Technologies of Organic-Gel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾虎; 蒲万芬

    2013-01-01

    This paper gives an update review on the progress of researches on organic-gel used for water shutoff and confor-mance control. Five kinds of popular gel systems such as bulk gel,organosilicon gel,thermosensitive/salt-sensitive/pH sensitive gel,in-situ polymer gel and polymeric microsphere are included. This paper introduces the working mechanism,merits and demerits and field application of each gel system. Polyethyleneimine(PEI)cross-linking gel system has advantages of being low toxic,high-temperature and high salinity tolerant etc. This gel system can be used for water shutoff in hardness reservoirs. From the tendency of water control of chemical methods,synthesizing various functional polymeric microsphere which can match with pore throat will receive great attention in the next decades. This paper has achieved some research progress in organic-gel used for water shutoff and conformance control,which can offer favourable reference for related work and field application.%对国内外有机凝胶调剖堵水的研究成果进行了综述,从聚合物本体凝胶、有机硅凝胶、热/盐/pH敏感性凝胶、就地聚合凝胶以及聚合物微球五大类体系进行了阐述。介绍了各种体系的作用机理、优缺点和现场应用情况。其中聚乙烯亚胺(PEI)交联凝胶体系有低毒、抗温、抗盐等许多优点,可用于恶劣油藏堵水作业。从化学调剖堵水技术发展趋势来看,合成孔喉尺度匹配的各种功能性聚合物微球将是未来深部调驱技术的重点发展方向。在有机凝胶调剖堵水方面取得了一定的研究进展,将对今后相关研究工作和现场应用具有参考价值和指导意义。

  18. Chemical sensor and field screening technology development: Downhole photoionization detection of volatile organic compounds. Topical report, March 1, 1995--March 31, 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schabron, J.F.; Rovani, J.F. Jr.; Moore, D.F.

    1998-12-31

    Western Research Institute conducted a study to define the various parameters that need to be considered in the design and use of a downhole submersible photoionization detector (PID) probe to measure volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Detector response under various conditions, including saturated humidity environments, temperature, and analyte concentration was studied. The relative responses for several VOC analytes were measured. The partitioning of VOCs between water and air was studied as a function of analyte concentration and temperature. The Henry`s law constant governing this partitioning represents an ideal condition at infinite dilution for a particular temperature. The results show that this partitioning is not ideal. Conditions resulting in apparent, practical deviations from Henry`s law include temperature and VOC concentration. Studies with membranes show that membranes that allow passage of VOCs also allow some passage of water vapor. A membrane could play a useful role in protecting the sensor from direct contact with liquid water down hole. A porous poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) membrane allows for a rapid passage of VOCs. The rate of diffusion to the sensor with or without a membrane might be a limiting factor for rapid measurements. Various means of mixing may need to be considered.

  19. Evaluation of the radial artery applanation tonometry technology for continuous noninvasive blood pressure monitoring compared with central aortic blood pressure measurements in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meidert, Agnes S; Huber, Wolfgang; Hapfelmeier, Alexander; Schöfthaler, Miriam; Müller, Johannes N; Langwieser, Nicolas; Wagner, Julia Y; Schmid, Roland M; Saugel, Bernd

    2013-12-01

    We compared blood pressure (BP) measurements obtained using radial artery applanation tonometry with invasive BP measurements using a catheter placed in the abdominal aorta through the femoral artery in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). In 23 intensive care unit patients with MODS, we simultaneously assessed BP values for 15 minutes per patient using radial artery applanation tonometry (T-Line TL-200 pro device; Tensys Medical Inc, San Diego, Calif) and the arterial catheter (standard-criterion technique). A total of 2879 averaged 10-beat epochs were compared using Bland-Altman plots. The mean difference ± SD (with corresponding 95% limits of agreement) between radial artery applanation tonometry-derived BP and invasively assessed BP was +1.0 ± 5.5 mm Hg (-9.9 to +11.8 mm Hg) for mean arterial pressure, -3.3 ± 11.2 mm Hg (-25.3 to +18.6 mm Hg) for systolic arterial pressure, and +4.9 ± 7.0 mm Hg (-8.8 to +18.6 mm Hg) for diastolic arterial pressure, respectively. In intensive care unit patients with MODS, mean arterial pressure and diastolic arterial pressure can be determined accurately and precisely using radial artery applanation tonometry compared with central aortic values obtained using a catheter placed in the abdominal aorta through the femoral artery. Although systolic arterial pressure could also be derived accurately, wider 95% limits of agreement suggest lower precision for determination of systolic arterial pressure. © 2013.

  20. Wearable Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    Wearable technology projects, to be useful, in the future, must be seamlessly integrated with the Flight Deck of the Future (F.F). The lab contains mockups of space vehicle cockpits, habitat living quarters, and workstations equipped with novel user interfaces. The Flight Deck of the Future is one element of the Integrated Power, Avionics, and Software (IPAS) facility, which, to a large extent, manages the F.F network and data systems. To date, integration with the Flight Deck of the Future has been limited by a lack of tools and understanding of the Flight Deck of the Future data handling systems. To remedy this problem it will be necessary to learn how data is managed in the Flight Deck of the Future and to develop tools or interfaces that enable easy integration of WEAR Lab and EV3 products into the Flight Deck of the Future mockups. This capability is critical to future prototype integration, evaluation, and demonstration. This will provide the ability for WEAR Lab products, EV3 human interface prototypes, and technologies from other JSC organizations to be evaluated and tested while in the Flight Deck of the Future. All WEAR Lab products must be integrated with the interface that will connect them to the Flight Deck of the Future. The WEAR Lab products will primarily be programmed in Arduino. Arduino will be used for the development of wearable controls and a tactile communication garment. Arduino will also be used in creating wearable methane detection and warning system.