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Sample records for technology nursing occupational

  1. Occupation: nurse; occupational hazard: radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nickson, K.

    1984-03-01

    The work of the occupational health nurses at the Pickering Generating Station is described. A staff of two nurses teach first aid and safety, practice an emergency plan, and monitor personnel for minimum health standards for radiation workers. Special attention is paid to problems which might be aggravated by radiation, such as skin complaints, respiratory diseases, emotional stability, or phobias regarding heights, plastic suits, or radiation itself. Procedures used in treating contaminated personnel are outlined.

  2. Occupational health nursing in hungary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirdi, Henriett Éva; Hong, OiSaeng

    2014-10-01

    This article is the first about occupational health nursing in Hungary. The authors describe the Hungarian health care and occupational health care systems, including nursing education and professional organizations for occupational health nurses. The Fundamental Law of Hungary guarantees the right of every employee to healthy and safe working conditions, daily and weekly rest times and annual paid leave, and physical and mental health. Hungary promotes the exercise of these rights by managing industrial safety and health care, providing access to healthy food, supporting sports and regular physical exercise, and ensuring environmental protection. According to the law, the responsibility for regulation of the occupational health service lies with the Ministry of Human Resources. Safety regulations are under the aegis of the Ministry of National Economy.

  3. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was applied. Results . Mean values of the level of occupational burnout for the study group amounted to 39.3 ± 30.9 with regard to emotional exhaustion, 30.64 ± 27.89 with respect to the depersonalization subscale and 66.26 ± 27.94 – the lowered level of job satisfaction. Conclusions . 1. The studied nursing personnel showed symptoms of occupational burnout in all dimensions of the syndrome, i.e. high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as well as low job satisfaction. 2. Individuals with higher education scored lower on the emotional exhaustion scale. 3. Emotional exhaustion is influenced by workplace and position.

  4. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was applied. Results . Mean values of the level of occupational burnout for the study group amounted to 39.3 ± 30.9 with regard to emotional exhaustion, 30.64 ± 27.89 with respect to the depersonalization subscale and 66.26 ± 27.94 – the lowered level of job satisfaction. Conclusions . 1. The studied nursing personnel showed symptoms of occupational burnout in all dimensions of the syndrome, i.e. high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as well as low job satisfaction. 2. Individuals with higher education scored lower on the emotional exhaustion scale. 3. Emotional exhaustion is influenced by workplace and position.

  5. Factors influencing nurses' perceptions of occupational safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samur, Menevse; Intepeler, Seyda Seren

    2017-01-02

    To determine nurses' perceptions of occupational safety and their work environment and examine the sociodemographic traits and job characteristics that influence their occupational safety, we studied a sample of 278 nurses. According to the nurses, the quality of their work environment is average, and occupational safety is insufficient. In the subdimensions of the work environment scale, it was determined that the nurses think "labor force and other resources" are insufficient. In the occupational safety subdimensions "occupational illnesses and complaints" and "administrative support and approaches," they considered occupational safety to be insufficient. "Doctor-nurse-colleague relationships," "exposure to violence," and "work unit" (eg, internal medicine, surgical, intensive care) are the main factors that affect occupational safety. This study determined that hospital administrations should develop and immediately implement plans to ameliorate communication and clinical precautions and to reduce exposure to violence.

  6. Nurse Executive Role Socialization and Occupational Image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krugman, Mary Elizabeth

    1990-01-01

    The effects of educational and experiential variables on occupational image were explored through a survey of 640 nurse executives (386 responses). Early socialization as a nurse seems to remain a constant and institutional management climate is another important variable. (JOW)

  7. Does occupational health nursing exist in India?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajnarayan R Tiwari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Occupational health services are important to develop healthy and productive work forces, which should be delivered through occupational health team. Occupational health nurse (OHN is an important member of this team and is required to apply nursing principles in conserving the health of workers in occupational settings. Purpose: This article attempts to map the occupational health nursing courses in India and design competencies and curriculum for such a course. Materials and Methods: Information through the Internet, printed journals, and perspectives of the key stakeholders were the principal sources of data. Discussion: In India, there is a need to initiate a course on occupational health nursing to provide occupational health services for the organized and unorganized sector workforce. A certificate course for occupational health nursing for 3-4 months duration offered through contact session mode can be an opportune beginning. However, to cater employed nurses an online course can be another effective alternative. The theoretical part should essentially include modules on occupational diseases, industrial hygiene, and occupational health legislation, whereas the modules on practical aspects can include visits to industries. Taking into account the existing norms of Indian Factories Act for hazardous units of organized sector an estimated 1,34,640 OHNs are required. Conclusion: There is a need-supply gap in the number of occupational health nursing manpower in India, which can be attributed to the absence of any course to train such manpower.

  8. Development of health inter-professional telemedicine practice through simulation scenario training with students of physiotherapy-, occupational therapy-, medical laboratory technology, and nursing education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nortvig, Anne-Mette; Vestergaard, Kitt

    . Aims: The purpose of the project was • to develop practice oriented competences related to telemedicine in an inter-professional and a cross-sectoral context among health professional students of physiotherapy-, occupational therapy-, medical laboratory technology-, and nursing education. • to motivate...... and retain male students by the use of simulation training that involves technology. Methodology: The project was settled as a cross-professional telemedicine course on health educations. Nursing students (N=20) and physiotherapy students (N=34) participated actively and the scenarios were filmed and enacted...... and qualitative interviews. Recordings, field notes, memos and observations of students and lecturers were used as empirical material for follow-up research. Data were analyzed in order to categorize the theoretical perspectives relating to learning and motivation. Results: Evaluations and follow-up research...

  9. Occupational stress of nurses in South Africa

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    S Rothmann

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Nursing Stress Indicator (NSI and to identify differences between occupational stressors of professional and enrolled nurses. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A sample of professional nurses (/V = 980 and enrolled and auxiliary nurses (N = 800 in South Africa was used. The NSI was developed as measuring instrument and administrated together with a biographical questionnaire. Five reliable stress factors, namely Patient Care, Job Demands, Lack of Support, Staff Issues, and Overtime were extracted. The most severe stressors for nurses included health risks posed by contact with patients, lack of recognition and insufficient staff. Watching patients suffer, demands of patients and staff issues were also severe stressors for professional nurses. The severity of stressors was higher for professional nurses (compared with enrolled and auxiliary nurses. Organisations that employ nurses should implement programmes to monitor and manage stress, specifically regarding staff issues and job demands.

  10. Occupational stress of nurses in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothmann, S; van der Colff, J J; Rothmann, J C

    2006-05-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Nursing Stress Indicator (NSI) and to identify differences between occupational stressors of professional and enrolled nurses. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A sample of professional nurses (N = 980) and enrolled and auxiliary nurses (N = 800) in South Africa was used. The NSI was developed as measuring instrument and administrated together with a biographical questionnaire. Five reliable stress factors, namely Patient Care, Job Demands, Lack of Support, Staff Issues, and Overtime were extracted. The most severe stressors for nurses included health risks posed by contact with patients, lack of recognition and insufficient staff. Watching patients suffer, demands of patients and staff issues were also severe stressors for professional nurses. The severity of stressors was higher for professional nurses (compared with enrolled and auxiliary nurses). Organisations that employ nurses should implement programmes to monitor and manage stress, specifically regarding staff issues and job demands.

  11. Development of a respiratory protection survey instrument for occupational health nurses: an educational project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taormina, Deborah; Burgel, Barbara J

    2013-02-01

    The Institute of Medicine (2011) report Occupational Health Nurses and Respiratory Protection: Improving Education and Training outlined seven recommendations to improve the competency of occupational health nurses in respiratory protection. An advisory group was convened in December 2011, with stakeholder representation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory, American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, Inc., American Board for Occupational Health Nurses, Inc., Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare, American Nurses Association, and Institute of Medicine Standing Committee on Personal Protective Equipment for Workplace Safety and Health. The initial work of the advisory group included developing and administering a survey to assess current occupational health nurse roles and responsibilities relevant to respiratory protection. Development of the survey was led by a master's student and advisor who worked with the advisory group. The process of tool development and preliminary findings are presented in this article.

  12. Occupational Health Hazards in ICU Nursing Staff

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    Helena Eri Shimizu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzed occupational health hazards for Intensive Care Unit (ICU nurses and nursing technicians, comparing differences in the number and types of hazards which occur at the beginning and end of their careers. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 26 nurses and 96 nursing technicians from a public hospital in the Federal District, Brazil. A Likert-type work-related symptom scale (WRSS was used to evaluate the presence of physical, psychological, and social risks. Data were analyzed with the use of the SPSS, version 12.0, and the Kruskal-Wallis test for statistical significance and differences in occupational health hazards at the beginning and at the end of the workers' careers. As a workplace, ICUs can cause work health hazards, mostly physical, to nurses and nursing technicians due to the frequent use of physical energy and strength to provide care, while psychological and social hazards occur to a lesser degree.

  13. Technology and Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neighbors, Marianne; Eldred, Evelyn E.

    1993-01-01

    A study to isolate some of the complex skills that nurses are expected to perform in current practice identified 54 skills and surveyed 167 staff nurses and 53 nurse executives to classify the expected level of performance for a new graduate. Results indicated that educators bear responsibility for learning about technology and incorporating it…

  14. Occupational closure in nursing work reconsidered

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Traynor, Michael; Nissen, Nina; Lincoln, Carol

    2015-01-01

    In healthcare, occupational groups have adopted tactics to maintain autonomy and control over their areas of work. Witz described a credentialist approach to occupational closure adopted by nursing in the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. However, the recent advancement...... = 59). The aim was to examine how these workers positioned themselves as professionals and accounted for professional boundaries. A thematic analysis revealed a complex situation in which participants were divided between articulating an acceptance of a subordinate role within traditional occupational......, while nurses abandon it for largely administrative roles. We conclude that the participants are the not unwilling agents of a managerially led project to reshape the workforce that cuts across existing occupational boundaries....

  15. Virtually Nursing: Emerging Technologies in Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foronda, Cynthia L; Alfes, Celeste M; Dev, Parvati; Kleinheksel, A J; Nelson, Douglas A; OʼDonnell, John M; Samosky, Joseph T

    Augmented reality and virtual simulation technologies in nursing education are burgeoning. Preliminary evidence suggests that these innovative pedagogical approaches are effective. The aim of this article is to present 6 newly emerged products and systems that may improve nursing education. Technologies may present opportunities to improve teaching efforts, better engage students, and transform nursing education.

  16. Radiologic Technology Occupations. Curriculum Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reneau, Fred; And Others

    This guide delineates the tasks and performance standards for radiologic technology occupations. It includes job seeking skills, work attitudes, energy conservation practices, and safety. The guide is centered around the three domains of learning: psychomotor, cognitive, and affective. For each duty, the following are provided: task, standard of…

  17. Occupational health nursing practice through the Human Caring lens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noel, Dianne L

    2010-01-01

    Many health care and academic centers have adopted Watson's Theory of Human Caring as their guiding principle; the theory is also used in other disciplines, such as library science. Human caring theory offers occupational health nurses as structure that not only defines a focus for practice, but also provides a basis for moral and philosophical practice analyses. In particular, nurses may find this theory useful in confirming the definition of "caring" and reconsidering what nursing is all about. More importantly, consideration and application of this theory may lead to research on its applicability to the field of occupational health nursing. This article presents the science and philosophy of human caring, specifically Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Two case studies are presented that demonstrate how the theory could be used to evaluate occupational health nursing practice. To demonstrate its possible relevance as an occupational health nursing framework, an analysis of and comparison to existing occupational health nursing guidelines are detailed and discussed.

  18. An exploration of occupation in nursing home residents with dementia

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Morgan-Brown, Mark

    2011-05-01

    Objectives: This study evaluated the sitting room environment of two nursing homes in Ireland, using interactive occupation and social engagement as outcome measures and defining these rooms as occupational spaces.\\r\

  19. [Occupational nursing specialization: proposed change of paradigm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauro, M Y

    1998-01-01

    The course of Labour Nursing aimed at preparing nurses for companies security and workers health. It started in 1974 as a result of the efforts of DESP/EEAN/UFRJ and ABEn close to the Ministry of Labour in Rio de Janeiro and based on the Resolution 112/59--OMS/OIT. Later, this course was spread out to other Universities and Brazil's regions and 13 courses have been provided until 1985. In the beginning, the courses follwed the orientation and control of FUNDACENTRO, until 1996 and were directed to the industry. From this time on, these courses register was sent to CORENs and accomplished independently at Nursing Schools, based on Resolution 12/86--MEC, Rec. 161/93--OIT. Instructions from the Ministry of Labour and Ministry of Health. At the EEAN, up to 1995, 11 Specialisation Courses have been accomplished, based on ANENT orientations and fundamental by the subjects: Scientific Investigation Methodology, Methodology of Nursing Teaching and Education for Health; Worker's Health Politics; Labour Organisational and Social Sciences; Environment Sanitation; Work Safety and Hygiene and Human Ecology; Ergonomy; Labour Process; Occupational Risks; Labour Accidents and Illnesses; Labour Legislation; Labour Nursing; Technical Visits and Practice in Workers Health Services at Companies Programmes and Public Health. The course enables nurses of essential, educative, managing and investigative activities and their formation culminates with a dissertation that has as a study object, emerging problems of nursing practice for workers. This programme has been studied by the author herself aiming at a better adjustment for these professionals insertion into the work market.

  20. Factors influencing the occupational well-being of experienced nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shangping Zhao

    2015-12-01

    Conclusion: By identifying the factors that contribute to a nurse's occupational well-being, the nursing management is better able to address the nurse's needs to maintain a positive well-being. This in turn will decrease the burnout and increase retention of experienced nurses, which will raise the quality of patient care.

  1. Fostering expertise in occupational health nursing: levels of skill development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, P G; Hays, B J

    1996-02-01

    1. Levels of nursing expertise described by Benner--novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert--hold potential for fostering improved practice among occupational health nurses. 2. Lacking a clear understanding of the full potential of the role of the occupational health nurse, employers may not reward the development of clinical expertise that incorporates employee advocacy within the context of written standards and guidelines. 3. Expertise in occupational health nursing can be fostered by job descriptions that incorporate a broader view of nursing (one that stresses judgment and advocacy), retention and longevity, innovative strategies for consultation and collegial interaction to foster mentoring, and distance learning strategies.

  2. Development of health inter-professional telemedicine practice through simulation scenario training with students of physiotherapy-, occupational therapy-, medical laboratory technology-, and nursing education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nortvig, Anne-Mette; Vestergaard*, Kitt

    2014-01-01

    must take place in an inter-professional context. Aims: The purpose of the project was •to develop practice oriented competences related to telemedicine in an inter-professional and a cross-sectoral context among health professional students of physiotherapy-, occupational therapy-, medical laboratory...... and motivation. Results: Evaluations and follow-up research showed that students developed competences equivalent to novice level through simulation training (3). The project gave rise to wide project on Occupational Therapy education and medical laboratory technology education too. Follow-up research concludes...

  3. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Omid; Azizkhani, Reza; Basravi, Monem

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effect of nurses' workplace on burnout syndrome among nurses working in Isfahan's Alzahra Hospital as a reference and typical university affiliated hospital, in 2010. In this cross-sectional study, 100 nurses were randomly selected among those working in emergency, orthopedic, dialysis wards and intensive care unit (ICU). Required data on determination of occupational burnout rate among the nurses of these wards were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) standard and validated questionnaire. Nurses were selected using simple random sampling. The multivariate ANOVA analysis showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards were significantly less than those of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU (P = 0.01). There was also no significant difference between occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU (P > 0.05). t-test showed that there was a difference between occupational burnout values of men and women, as these values for women were higher than those of men (P = 0.001). Results showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU were significantly more than those of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards.

  4. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Ahmadi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study was conducted to determine the effect of nurses′ workplace on burnout syndrome among nurses working in Isfahan′s Alzahra Hospital as a reference and typical university affiliated hospital, in 2010. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 nurses were randomly selected among those working in emergency, orthopedic, dialysis wards and intensive care unit (ICU. Required data on determination of occupational burnout rate among the nurses of these wards were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI standard and validated questionnaire. Nurses were selected using simple random sampling. Results: The multivariate ANOVA analysis showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards were significantly less than those of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU (P0 = 0.01. There was also no significant difference between occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU ( P > 0.05. t-test showed that there was a difference between occupational burnout values of men and women, as these values for women were higher than those of men (P = 0.001. Conclusion: Results showed that occupational burnout mean values of nurses working in emergency ward and ICU were significantly more than those of nurses working in orthopedic and dialysis wards.

  5. Nurses' occupational physical activity levels: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappel, Stephanie E; Verswijveren, Simone J J M; Aisbett, Brad; Considine, Julie; Ridgers, Nicola D

    2017-05-10

    Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift. This narrative systematic review was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) Statement. EBSCOHost (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Age Line, Academic Search Complete, Global Health, Health Business Centre, Health Policy Reference Centre, Health Source (Consumer and Nursing/Academic Edition) and SPORTDiscus), Embase, Informit, ProQuest Health and Medical, Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. A systematic search of seven databases were completed to locate peer-reviewed journal articles documenting nurses' occupational physical activity levels from January 1990. Papers were included if they were original research papers; measured physical activity objectively and/or subjectively; reported nurses' occupational physical activity; and were published in English. Articles were excluded if nurses' data were not reported separately from other professional groups. Two researchers independently screened the articles, extracted data, and undertook the methodological quality assessments. Fifteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Nursing work predominantly comprised of light-intensity physical activity. In nine studies how nurses' accumulated occupational physical activity were documented and showed that the majority of a nurses' shift was spent standing or walking whilst completing direct patient care tasks. However, the definition of the nursing populations studied were often poorly reported, and few researchers reported the validity and the reliability of

  6. Occupational and environmental health nursing: ethics and professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Bonnie

    2012-04-01

    This article provides an overview of ethical issues related to the practice of occupational and environmental health nursing and possible strategies for resolution. Also, professionalism related to professional growth and advancing the specialty is discussed. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. Business law. Fundamentals for the occupational health nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Arruda, Kimberley A

    2002-05-01

    1. A basic understanding of the judicial system will enable occupational health nurses to read court opinions and have a better understanding of whether or how they or their companies are affected by the decision. With this knowledge, occupational health nurses can help their organization avoid legal liability by ensuring that the company does not act contrary to the decisions of the controlling courts. 2. As they are often involved in the process of contracting for goods and services, occupational health nurses need to be aware of general contract terminology and negotiating techniques so they will be better able to protect their companies. In addition, occupational health nurses can also assist in the actual contract drafting process with knowledge of a few concepts, such as the description, caption, operative language of the agreement, and definitions, of a contract. 3. Occupational health nurses are often called upon to be expert witnesses and can play an integral part in the litigation process. Because of the importance of expert witnesses, occupational health nurses must have an understanding of how to effectively provide expert witness testimony.

  8. Chemical occupational risks identified by nurses in a hospital environment

    OpenAIRE

    Rosicler Xelegati; Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi; Maria Helena Palucci Marziale; Vanderlei José Haas

    2006-01-01

    Hospital nursing workers are exposed to occupational chemical risks. This quantitative study aimed to identify what chemical substances nurses have contact with in their activities, what substances cause health problems and what alterations correspond to possible problems caused by the chemical products they mention. A self-administered data collection instrument was answered by 53 nurses, who mentioned exposure mainly to antibiotics and benzene (100%), iodine (98.1%) and latex-talc (88.7%); ...

  9. Computer Technology and Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing, Atlanta, GA.

    The influences of computer technology on college nursing education programs and health care delivery systems are discussed in eight papers. The use of computers is considered, with attention to clinical care, nursing education and continuing education, administration, and research. Attention is also directed to basic computer terminology, computer…

  10. Occupational Stress and Turnover Intention: Implications for Nursing Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundThe main purpose of this study was to explore the status of occupational stress among hospital nurses in Isfahan, Iran. It also aimed to examine the relationship between nurses’ occupational stress and their intention to leave the hospital. MethodsThe study employed a cross-sectional research design. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data from 296 nurses. Respondents were asked to rate the intensity of 30 common occupational stressors using a five-point scale. ResultsA third of hospital nurses rated their occupational stress high. The major sources of stress were inadequate pay, inequality at work, too much work, staff shortage, lack of promotion, job insecurity and lack of management support. More than 35% of nurses stated that they are considering leaving the hospital, if they could find another job opportunity. Occupational stress was positively associated with nurses’ turnover intentions. ConclusionHospital managers should develop and apply appropriate policies and strategies to reduce occupational stress and consequently nurses’ turnover intention.

  11. Addressing Occupational Fatigue in Nurses: A Risk Management Model for Nurse Executives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steege, Linsey M; Pinekenstein, Barbara

    2016-04-01

    Addressing occupational fatigue in nursing work systems and mitigating associated risks to nurses require strategic management and high-level decision making as well as daily management through operational and tactical actions. Nurse executives are well positioned to lead implementation of a proposed multilevel fatigue risk management system that includes monitoring and decision-support tools to support a culture of safety and nurse well-being.

  12. International survey of occupational health nurses' roles in multidisciplinary teamwork in occupational health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Bonnie; Kono, Keiko; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci; Peurala, Marjatta; Radford, Jennifer; Staun, Julie

    2014-07-01

    Access to occupational health services for primary prevention and control of work-related injuries and illnesses by the global workforce is limited (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013). From the WHO survey of 121 (61%) participating countries, only one-third of the responding countries provided occupational health services to more than 30% of their workers (2013). How services are provided in these countries is dependent on legal requirements and regulations, population, workforce characteristics, and culture, as well as an understanding of the impact of workplace hazards and worker health needs. Around the world, many occupational health services are provided by occupational health nurses independently or in collaboration with other disciplines' professionals. These services may be health protection, health promotion, or both, and are designed to reduce health risks, support productivity, improve workers' quality of life, and be cost-effective. Rantanen (2004) stated that basic occupational health services must increase rather than decline, especially as work becomes more complex; workforces become more dynamic and mobile, creating new models of work-places; and jobs become more precarious and temporary. To better understand occupational health services provided by occupational health nurses globally and how decisions are made to provide these services, this study examined the scope of services provided by a sample of participating occupational health nurses from various countries.

  13. Current issues in occupational health nursing. A Canadian perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, C

    1991-07-01

    The National Association of Occupational Health Nurses is still in its infancy and is striving to become an interest group under the umbrella of the Canadian Nurses Association. This will bring together the provincial associations in a common goal of promoting worker health and safety. The diversity of the country and the sheer magnitude of the various occupations of Canadians reflect the need for the occupational health nurse to be well educated and kept abreast of new developments. Changes in the worksite echo changes in health and safety legislation that will help to improve conditions in the workplace. Future challenges arise from changes in the work force and the nature of work and include: ergonomic issues, job stress, older workers, EAPs, and increased competition.

  14. [Coping resources of nurses' occupational stress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Yuan-mei

    2008-09-01

    To study the effects of coping resources on nurses' strain. Coping resources (recreation, self-care, social support, and rational coping) and strain (vocational strain, psychological strain, interpersonal strain, and physical strain) were measured on 387 nurses with personal resources questionnaire (PRQ) and personal strain questionnaire (PSQ). The higher the nurses' coping resources were, the lower their strain was (Psocial support was closest related with nurses' strain. In the items of social support, those related to feeling support had more remission on strain. In the items of rational coping, those related to keeping good mind had more remission on strain, while doing more than one job at one time could raise nurses' strain (Psupport, keeping good mind, sufficient sleeping and rest, are the important measures for the remission of nurses' strain.

  15. Nursing and Implementation of Modern Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Friganović, Adriano

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Implementation of technology in health care has become a global trend. The society modernization has led to the increasing development of technology and information systems. Nurses in everyday work encounter with the application of communications and information technologies. The implementation of modern technology in nursing increases nurses efficiency, but it is also changing the way of care for patients. Implementation of modern technology in nursing is the result of interact...

  16. Technology and Nursing

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão Cardoso

    2012-01-01

    In the present age we cannot disassociate from emerging issues, which involve science, communication, health and technology, the influence of media, technological advances, and the use of computers in all spheres of life. The concepts created for technology cover various evaluation approaches, which depend upon which type of technology, approaches, usefulness and influences in a particular area of knowledge. Technological advances cover several areas, figuring quantum physics, nanotechnology,...

  17. The American Association of Occupational Health Nurses' Respiratory Protection Education Program and Resources Webkit for Occupational Health Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pompeii, Lisa; Byrd, Annette; Delclos, George L; Conway, Sadie H

    2016-12-01

    Organizations are required to adhere to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Respiratory Protection Standard (29 CFR 1910.134) if they have workers that wear a respirator on the job. They must also have an employee "suitably trained" to administer their program. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and its National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory have worked to champion the occupational health nurse in this role by collaborating with the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses to develop free, online respiratory protection training and resources (RPP Webkit). This article describes the development, content, and success of this training. To date, 724 participants have completed the training, 32.6% of whom lead their organization's respiratory protection program, 15.3% who indicated they will lead a program in the near future, and 52% who did not lead a program, but indicated that the training was relevant to their work. The majority "strongly agreed" the training was applicable to their work and it enhanced their professional expertise. © 2016 The Author(s).

  18. Chemical occupational risks identified by nurses in a hospital environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xelegati, Rosicler; Robazzi, Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci; Haas, Vanderlei José

    2006-01-01

    Hospital nursing workers are exposed to occupational chemical risks. This quantitative study aimed to identify what chemical substances nurses have contact with in their activities, what substances cause health problems and what alterations correspond to possible problems caused by the chemical products they mention. A self-administered data collection instrument was answered by 53 nurses, who mentioned exposure mainly to antibiotics and benzene (100%), iodine (98.1%) and latex-talc (88.7%); the main problem-causing substances mentioned were antineoplastic substances (86.7%), glutaraldehyde (79.2%) and ethylene oxide (75.5%); the described health alterations were: eye watering; allergic reactions; nausea and vomiting, while other health problems that can be caused by the above listed products were not mentioned. These workers need further information on occupational chemical risks, which they could have received in undergraduate or permanent education courses.

  19. Occupational stress among staff nurses: Controlling the risk to health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parul Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nursing has been identified as an occupation that has high levels of stress. Job stress brought about hazardous impacts not only on nurses′ health but also on their abilities to cope with job demands. Objectives: This study aimed at finding out the degree of work-related stress among the staff nurses and various determinants, which have a impact on it. Materials and Methods: Institutional-based cross-sectional study conducted on GNM qualified nurses. Predesigned and pre-tested questionnaire covering their sociodemographic variables in part I and professional life stress scale by David Fontana in part II. Analysis used was Chi-square test and logistic regression for various factors. Results: Risk for professional stress due to poor and satisfactory doctor′s attitude was found about 3 and 4 times more than with excellent attitude of doctors toward the staff nurses. A statistically significant association (P < 0.024 between department of posting and level of stress. Nurses reported that they had no time for rest, of whom 42% were suffering from moderate-to-severe stress. The nurses who felt that the job was not tiring were found to be less stressed as those who perceived job as tiring (OR = 0.43. Conclusion: The main nurses′ occupational stressors were poor doctor′s attitude, posting in busy departments (emergency/ICU, inadequate pay, too much work, and so on. Thus, hospital managers should initiate strategies to reduce the amount of occupational stress and should provide more support to the nurses to deal with the stress.

  20. California's nurse-to-patient ratio law and occupational injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leigh, J Paul; Markis, Carrie A; Iosif, Ana-Maria; Romano, Patrick S

    2015-05-01

    To determine whether state-mandated minimum nurse-to-patient staffing ratios in California hospitals had an effect on reported occupational injury and illness rates. The difference-in-differences method was applied: The change in injury rates among hospital nurses after implementation of the law in California was compared to the change in 49 other states and the District of Columbia combined. Data were drawn from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics and the California Employment Development Department, including numerator estimates of injury and illness cases and denominator estimates of the number of registered nurses (RNs) and licensed practical nurses (LPNs) employed in hospitals. Confidence intervals (CIs) for rates were constructed based on assumptions that favored the null hypothesis. The most probable difference-in-differences estimate indicated that the California law was associated with 55.57 fewer occupational injuries and illnesses per 10,000 RNs per year, a value 31.6 % lower than the expected rate without the law. The most probable reduction for LPNs was 38.2 %. Analyses of CIs suggested that these reductions were unlikely to be due to chance [corrected]. Despite significant data restrictions and corresponding methodological limitations, the evidence suggests that the law was effective in reducing occupational injury and illness rates for both RNs and LPNs. Whether these 31.6 and 38.2 % reductions are maintained over time remains to be seen [corrected].

  1. Musculoskeletal disorders among nurses compared with two other occupational groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harcombe, H; Herbison, G P; McBride, D; Derrett, S

    2014-12-01

    There is a high incidence of low back pain (LBP) among nurses. However, few longitudinal studies have investigated musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) at other anatomical sites in nurses. To describe the cumulative incidence and persistence/recurrence of MSDs of the low back, neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand and knee among New Zealand nurses, to investigate the impact of MSDs on work and functional tasks and to compare findings for nurses with those in postal workers and office workers. Participants completed a postal survey at baseline and again 1 year later. Information was collected about MSDs in the previous 1 month and 12 months and about the ability to attend work, undertake work duties and perform functional tasks. Among nurses, the low back was the site with the highest cumulative incidence and highest prevalence of persistent/recurrent, work-disabling and functional-task-disabling pain. Work-disabling LBP was more prevalent among nurses and postal workers than office workers (P Nurses had a substantial prevalence of work-disabling shoulder pain (10%) and functional-task-disabling knee (19%) and wrist/hand pain (16%). With the exception of the elbow, each occupational group had a high prevalence of persistent/recurrent MSDs at all anatomical sites. LBP continues to have a substantial impact among nurses. Other less commonly considered MSDs, such as shoulder, wrist/hand and knee pain, also made work or functional tasks difficult, suggesting that primary and secondary prevention efforts should consider MSDs at other anatomical sites as well as the low back. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Core competencies for UK occupational health nurses: a Delphi study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalloo, D; Demou, E; Kiran, S; Gaffney, M; Stevenson, M; Macdonald, E B

    2016-11-01

    Occupational health nurses (OHNs) play a pivotal role in the delivery of occupational health (OH) services. Specific competency guidance has been developed in a number of countries, including the UK. While it is acknowledged that UK OHN practice has evolved in recent years, there has been no formal research to capture these developments to ensure that training and curricula remain up-to-date and reflect current practice. To identify current priorities among UK OHNs of the competencies required for OH practice. A modified Delphi study undertaken among representative OHN networks in the UK. This formed part of a larger study including UK and international occupational physicians. The study was conducted in two rounds using a questionnaire based on available guidance on training competencies for OH practice, the published literature, expert panel reviews and conference discussions. Consensus among OHNs was high with 7 out of the 12 domains scoring 100% in rating. 'Good clinical care' was the principal domain ranked most important, followed by 'general principles of assessment & management of occupational hazards to health'. 'Research methods' and 'teaching & educational supervision' were considered least important. This study has established UK OHNs' current priorities on the competencies required for OH practice. The timing of this paper is opportune with the formal launch of the Faculty of Occupational Health Nursing planned in 2018 and should inform the development of competency requirements as part of the Faculty's goals for standard setting in OHN education and training.

  3. The influence of technology in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krau, Stephen D

    2015-06-01

    The complexity of the relationship between nursing and technology is not new. The complexity has increased with the advent of new technology and technological devices. For faculty who are in the clinical area on a limited basis, and for nurses who are not involved in decisions related to the adoption of technology, terms and concepts related to technology can be misconstrued or misunderstood. An overview of some major terms used in reference to technology and technological approaches can only enhance the intricate relationship between nursing and technology.

  4. [Effect of occupational stressors on coping resources of nurses in Nanchang].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Yuanmei; Fan, Guangqin; Feng, Chang; Li, Wei; Wang, Zhiming; Wang, Mianzhen; Lan, Yajia

    2010-05-01

    To study the effects of occupational stressors on coping resources of nurses. Coping resources (recreation, self-care, social support, rational coping) and occupational stressors (role overload, role insufficiency, role ambiguity, role boundary, responsibility, physical environment) were measured on 387 nurses by personal resources questionnaire (PRQ) and Occupational Role Questionnaire (ORQ) respectively. The higher the level of occupational stressors was, the lower the coping resources of nurses were (P social support was the closest (P < 0.01). Except responsibility, all items in occupational stressors were correlated negatively with coping resources. The role insufficiency and role ambiguity in occupational stressors were in a closer correlation with coping resources (P < 0.01). Decresing the levels of occupational stressors for nurses in Nanchang, especially decreasing the levels of role insufficiency and role ambiguity, would enhance the coping resources of nurses, so as to enhance their capability to relieve strain.

  5. Core competencies for UK occupational health nurses: a Delphi study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demou, E.; Kiran, S.; Gaffney, M.; Stevenson, M.; Macdonald, E. B.

    2016-01-01

    Background Occupational health nurses (OHNs) play a pivotal role in the delivery of occupational health (OH) services. Specific competency guidance has been developed in a number of countries, including the UK. While it is acknowledged that UK OHN practice has evolved in recent years, there has been no formal research to capture these developments to ensure that training and curricula remain up-to-date and reflect current practice. Aims To identify current priorities among UK OHNs of the competencies required for OH practice. Methods A modified Delphi study undertaken among representative OHN networks in the UK. This formed part of a larger study including UK and international occupational physicians. The study was conducted in two rounds using a questionnaire based on available guidance on training competencies for OH practice, the published literature, expert panel reviews and conference discussions. Results Consensus among OHNs was high with 7 out of the 12 domains scoring 100% in rating. ‘Good clinical care’ was the principal domain ranked most important, followed by ‘general principles of assessment & management of occupational hazards to health’. ‘Research methods’ and ‘teaching & educational supervision’ were considered least important. Conclusions This study has established UK OHNs’ current priorities on the competencies required for OH practice. The timing of this paper is opportune with the formal launch of the Faculty of Occupational Health Nursing planned in 2018 and should inform the development of competency requirements as part of the Faculty’s goals for standard setting in OHN education and training. PMID:27492470

  6. Precision Machining Technologies. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of precision machinist. The…

  7. Massage application for occupational low back pain in nursing staff

    OpenAIRE

    Talita Pavarini Borges; Julia Maria D'Andrea Greve; Ana Paula Monteiro; Rodrigo Emmanuel Sabbag da Silva; Arlete Mazzini Miranda Giovani; Maria Júlia Paes da Silva

    2012-01-01

    This is a clinical trial which aims to evaluate the efficiency of massage in the reduction of occupational low back pain, and its influence on the performance of work and life activities for the nursing team. The sample consisted of 18 employees who received seven to eight sessions after their work period. From the Numerical Pain Rating Scale, significant improvements were found between the 3rd and 1st evaluations (p=0.000) and between the 3rd and 2nd (p=0.004), using the Wilcoxon test. Regar...

  8. Development of health inter-professional telemedicine practice through simulation scenario training with students of physiotherapy-, occupational therapy-, medical laboratory technology-, and nursing education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nortvig, Anne-Mette; Vestergaard*, Kitt

    2014-01-01

    actively and the scenarios were filmed and enacted via Adobe Connect. Students were divided into groups, and some students acted health professionals, while others acted patients. Excerpts of the recordings were analyzed and discussed with a focus on successful telemedical care and treatments well...... as challenges and they were followed by evaluation and qualitative interviews. Recordings, field notes, memos and observations of students and lecturers were used as empirical material for follow-up research. Data were analyzed in order to categorize the theoretical perspectives relating to learning......Background: Welfare technology is considered to be cost effective and to promote consistent quality in health care (1, 2). Due to the pervasive deployment of telemedicine and the political focus thereon, it is very important that health professional students gain an understanding of its benefits...

  9. Occupational stress and coping strategies among emergency department nurses of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Dong-Mei; Sun, Ning; Hong, Su; Fan, Yu-ying; Kong, Fan-ying; Li, Qiu-jie

    2015-08-01

    Emergency department(ED) nurses work in a rapidly changing environment with patients that have wide variety of conditions. Occupational stress in emergency department nurses is a common problem. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between coping strategies and occupational stress among ED nurses in China. A correlational, cross-sectional design was adopted. Two questionnaires were given to a random sample of 127 ED nurses registered at the Heilongjiang Nurses' Association. Data were collected from the nurses that worked in the ED of five general hospitals in Harbin China. Occupational stress and coping strategies were measured by two questionnaires. A multiple regression model was applied to analyze the relationship between stress and coping strategies. The stressors of ED nurses mainly come from the ED specialty of nursing (2.97±0.55), workload and time distribution (2.97±0.58). The mean score of positive coping strategies was 2.19±0.35, higher than the norm (1.78±0.52). The mean score of negative coping strategies was 1.20±0.61, lower than the norm (1.59±0.66), both had significant statistical difference (Pprofessional were the influence factors about occupational stress to positive coping styles. Too much documents work, and medical insurance for ED nurses were the influential factors on occupational stress to negative coping styles. This study identified several factors associated with occupational stress in ED nurses. These results could be used to guide nurse managers of ED nurses to reduce work stress. The managers could pay more attention to the ED nurse's coping strategies which can further influence their health state and quality of nursing care. Reducing occupational stress and enhancing coping strategies are vital not only for encouraging nurses but also for the future of nursing development.

  10. Technological Advances in Nursing Care Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Debra Henline

    2015-12-01

    Technology is rapidly changing the way nurses deliver patient care. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act of 2009 encourages health care providers to implement electronic health records for meaningful use of patient information. This development has opened the door to many technologies that use this information to streamline patient care. This article explores current and new technologies that nurses will be working with either now or in the near future.

  11. A Safe and Healthful Work Environment: Development and Testing of an Undergraduate Occupational Health Nursing Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullagh, Marjorie C; Berry, Peggy

    2015-08-01

    Occupational health nursing focuses on promotion and restoration of health, prevention of illness and injury, protection from work-related and environmental hazards, and corporate profitability. Quality education about the relationship between work and health is critical for nurses' success regardless of work setting, and is consistent with Healthy People 2020 goals, but is lacking or limited in some programs. This report introduces an innovative occupational health nursing curriculum for students enrolled in baccalaureate nursing programs. The process of designing and pilot testing this novel curriculum, its alignment with nursing competencies, and its format and learning activities are described. Preparing professional nurses to understand the role of the occupational health nurse and the relationship between work and health is an essential curricular consideration for contemporary nursing education.

  12. Occupational low back pain in nursing workers: massage versus pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talita Pavarini Borges

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the efficacy of massage for decreasing occupational low back pain in workers of a Nursing team in an Emergency Room. Method: A randomized controlled trial, using a socio-demographic/morbidity questionnaire and a Pain Numeric Scale. Forty-five subjects were randomly allocated for intervention (G1 – Massage by acupressure, placebo group (G2 – application of Garlium Arseneid Laser 904nm turned off and control (G3 – no intervention. Results: The main triggering factor, as well as the worsening of pain, was the patient manipulation, both with a prevalence of 34.9%. The main treatment for low back pain before this research was the use of medication, with a prevalence of 44.2%. In accordance with a variance analysis, only G1 presented a significant statistical difference, with a better result after 12 sessions. Massage presented an enormous effect (d = 4.59, corresponding to 86% of reduction in the pain level. Conclusion: Massage was effective to decrease occupational low back pain of those Nursing workers.

  13. Technology developments applied to healthcare/nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Øyri, Karl; Newbold, Susan; Park, Hyeoun-Ae; Honey, Michelle; Coenen, Amy; Ensio, Anneli; Jesus, Elvio

    2007-01-01

    Future technology developments as applied to healthcare and particularly nursing were discussed. Emerging technologies such as genetics, small unobtrusive monitoring devices, use of information and communication technologies are as tools to not only facilitate but also promote communication among all parties of the healthcare process. These emerging technologies can be used for ubiquitous healthcare (u-health). The role of nursing in the u-health is fundamental and required for success and growth. Nursing's role will evolve as nurses become 'information-mediators' in a broader-sense than current role. All technologies will ultimately focus on the consumer through 'behind-the-scenes' data collection, which in turn will also allow nurses to analyze these data to improve care. We need to acknowledge an increased presence and or pervasiveness of information technologies as key components of quality healthcare. This sort of acknowledgment will help propel nursing, and healthcare, to increase use of these tools. To develop nurses with these types of skills the nursing education process will require a fundamental change to integrate these technology-sorts of tools as necessary elements for success.

  14. Technology and the issues facing nursing assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansell, Helen; Meyer, Alannah; Thompson, Shona

    This article describes an investigation into the use of technology and the issues nurses face undertaking nursing assessment. It reports qualitative, descriptive research involving interviews with ten ward nurses from three hospitals in New Zealand. Thematic analysis of the data revealed three key issues: the impact of technology, the influence of early warning systems and nurse autonomy. Results show how clinical decision making around nursing assessment is influenced by technology and the Early Warning Score. These clinical decisions may not always be informed by critical thinking in complex healthcare environments. The article concludes that nurse autonomy, while supported and endorsed in theory, is frequently in conflict with hospital risk-management policies and the use of prescriptive algorithms.

  15. Precautions used by occupational health nursing students during clinical placements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.M.M. Maja

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Protection of health care workers including students from being infected when caring for high risk patients is a major cause for concern to all promoting occupational health. Safety of every employee is mandatory. Furthermore, universal guidelines for precautions must be used by all interacting with high risk patients and clients to protect themselves and prevent the spread of infection. The aim of this paper was to ascertain the availability of universal guidelines for precautions against the spread of infection in clinical settings and determine the precautions used by OHN students during their clinical placements. To realise these objectives, a quantitative and descriptive design was followed. A purposive sampling method was used to select 45 Occupational health nursing students who participated in the study.Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and the results revealed that: most units where OHN students were placed for clinical experience had guidelines for universal precautions although these were not always accessible to them; regarding compliance to universal precautions, OHN students were reportedly aware of the hazards of failure to comply although in some emergencies and where personal protective material was not available, they had to provide care without using protective equipments. Recommendations made include that employers and staff at all occupational settings must ensure that updated guidelines for universal precautions are available and accessible to every body interacting with high risk patients; health care providers and students must be fully informed about and should always adhere to universal precautions.

  16. Observation on the effect of the project teaching of first - aid nursing technology based on the occupational ability analysis%基于职业能力分析的《急救护理技术》项目化教学效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金松洋; 张小琴; 徐艳

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨基于职业能力分析的《急救护理技术》项目化教学效果。方法:随机抽取2012级护理专业1个班67名护生作为观察组,另1个班68名护生作为对照组,对照组采用传统章节内容教学,观察组采用基于职业能力分析的项目化教学,比较两组教学效果。结果:观察组护生期末考试成绩优于对照组(P <0.01);观察组95.52%的护生对项目化教学满意。结论:基于职业能力分析的《急救护理技术》项目化教学可提高护生成绩及满意度。%Objective:To investigate the effect of the project teaching of first - aid nursing technology based on the occupational ability analysis. Methods:67 nursing students in one class of nursing speciality enrolled in 2012 were randomly selected and taken as the observa-tion group and other 68 nursing students of another class were taken as the control group. The traditional chapter teaching method was used in the control group and the project teaching based on the occupational ability analysis was adopted in the observation group,the teaching effect was compared between the two groups. Results:The final examination results of the nursing students in the observation group were better than those in the control group(P < 0. 01);the students(95. 52% )in the observation group were satisfied with the project teaching method. Conclusion:The project teaching of first - aid nursing technology based on the occupational ability analysis can improve the nursing studentsˊ achievement and satisfaction.

  17. Occupational commitment and job satisfaction mediate effort-reward imbalance and the intention to continue nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satoh, Miho; Watanabe, Ikue; Asakura, Kyoko

    2017-01-01

    Occupational commitment and job satisfaction are major predictors of the intention to continue nursing. This study's purpose was to verify the mediating effects of job satisfaction and three components of occupational commitment on the relationship between effort-reward imbalance and the intention to continue nursing. A self-report questionnaire was distributed to 3977 nurses by the nursing department of 12 hospitals in the Tohoku and Kanto districts of Japan in 2013. Of these, 1531 (response rate: 38.5%) nurses returned the questionnaire by mail and the complete data that were provided by 1241 nurses (valid response rate: 31.2%) were analyzed. Structural equation modeling showed that the effort-reward ratio had negative effects on job satisfaction and affective and normative occupational commitment. Job satisfaction and affective and normative occupational commitment had positive effects on the intention to continue nursing, whereas the effort-reward ratio had no direct effect on the intention to continue nursing. Continuance occupational commitment was not a mediator, but it positively influenced the intention to continue nursing. The findings suggest that it is important to increase job satisfaction and affective and normative occupational commitment in order to enhance their buffering effects on the relationship between job stress and the intention to continue nursing. Measures to increase continuance occupational commitment also would be an effective method of strengthening the intention to continue nursing. Improvements in these areas should contribute to an increase in nurses' intention to continue nursing and prevent the loss of this precious human resource from the health sector. © 2016 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  18. The relations among empathy, occupational commitment, and emotional exhaustion of nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raiziene, Saule; Endriulaitiene, Aukse

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine whether empathy and occupational commitment significantly contribute to the emotional exhaustion of nurses. The sample group was 158 nurses from two regional Lithuanian hospitals, who completed self-report measures. A questionnaire consisted of 10 items reflecting empathy appearing on Davis (1983) Individual Reactivity Index, 4 occupational commitment items from Miller et al. (1988), and 7 emotional exhaustion items from the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach, Jackson, 1981). Correlation analyses and structural equation modeling were employed to interpret the results. The results showed that nurses' occupational commitment plays an important role in the degree of emotional exhaustion they experience. Nurses having more empathy are more likely to develop higher occupational commitment. In addition, it was found that higher levels of empathy and occupational commitment of nurses are associated with lower emotional exhaustion. Nurses who stayed in the profession longer developed stronger occupational commitment. Therefore, the conclusion was made that differences in emotional exhaustion among nurses may be explained directly by occupational commitment and indirectly by empathy and nursing experience.

  19. Occupational Stress and Quality of Life in Nursing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Moraes da Silva

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract To reduce the work related to stress and the psychosocial risk is not only an imperative question, but also moral. This epistemological study aims to verify the presence of the occupational stress and quality of life related to health in nursing professionals. We used three questionnaires: (a Socio Demographic Questionnaire, (b Job Strain Scale, and (c Item Short Form Health Survey. Statistical analysis was performed between the questionnaires, analysis of variance (ANOVA and simple and multiple linear regression. It was found that 60.8% of the participants see the high demand of work, 71.8% high control on the developed activity and 85.5% low social support. Related to eight dominant of quality of life, the most damaged are: pain (µ = 61.87 and vitality (µ = 62.25. It was concluded that although in most sample experiences an intermediary risk situation to stress, the quality of life showed a damaged.

  20. Boot Camp for Occupational Health Nurses: Understanding Social Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Debra M; Olszewski, Kimberly

    2015-08-01

    Social media is a buzzword frequently referred to in marketing materials, general media, and personal conversations. Although many refer to the term social media, some individuals do not understand its meaning or how it affects their daily lives at work and home. Since the expansion of the Internet to web 2.0, multiple platforms of communication occur virtually through various social media. Understanding and learning how to use these platforms are essential to stay connected with friends, family, and colleagues; advance connections to professional organizations; and extend educational opportunities. This article presents basic information for occupational health nurses to improve their understanding of social media and how to communicate virtually using different platforms safely and securely.

  1. Health promotion overview: evidence-based strategies for occupational health nursing practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dombrowski, Jill J; Snelling, Anastasia M; Kalicki, Michelle

    2014-08-01

    Health promotion practice has evolved over the past four decades in response to the rising rates of chronic disease. The focus of health promotion is attaining wellness by managing modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, diet, or physical activity. Occupational health nurses are often asked to conduct worksite health promotion programs for individuals or groups, yet may be unfamiliar with evidence-based strategies. Occupational health nurses should lead interprofessional groups in designing and implementing worksite health promotion programs. This article introduces occupational health nurses to health promotion concepts and discusses evidence-based theories and planning models that can be easily introduced into practice.

  2. The self employed occupational and environmental health nurse: maximizing business success by managing financial resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainer, S R; Papp, E

    2000-04-01

    The occupational and environmental health nurse entrepreneur can avoid business failure by engaging in a planning process that maximizes financial resources. Successful financial management involves understanding key financial reports and using those reports as management tools to "keep score" on the business. The prices the occupational and environmental health nurse entrepreneur charges for services will have a direct effect on the success of the business. Payroll, earnings, and expense records are useful management tools to help the occupational and environmental health nurse entrepreneur track the business and meet legal requirements.

  3. Technology and structure of nursing organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, J W; Mark, B

    1990-04-01

    Theory building and theory application in nursing administration enable the nurse executive to work more effectively at the managerial task. Alexander and Mark apply a model that allows for comparison and contrast between various nursing units based on the nature of their work as assessed on the variables of technology and structure. In this model, technology is assessed on three dimensions: instability, variability, and uncertainty; and structure is assessed as to vertical participation, horizontal participation, and formalization. Cases studies clarify the model and show its application.

  4. Technological Advances in Psychiatric Nursing: An update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostrom, Andrea C

    2016-06-01

    Understanding and treating mental illness has improved in many ways as a result of the fast pace of technological advances. The technologies that have the greatest potential impact are those that (1) increase the knowledge of how the brain functions and changes based on interventions, (2) have the potential to personalize interventions based on understanding genetic factors of drug metabolism and pharmacodynamics, and (3) use information technology to provide treatment in the absence of an adequate mental health workforce. Technologies are explored for psychiatric nurses to consider. Psychiatric nurses are encouraged to consider the experiences of psychiatric patients, including poor health, stigmatization, and suffering.

  5. Technological competencies in cardiovascular nursing education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rika Miyahara Kobayashi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract OBJECTIVE To identify the perception of the coordinators of the Specialization Courses in Cardiovascular Nursing about inserting content from Information and Communication Technology (ICT and analyze them in relation to the technological competencies and regarding its applicability, relevance and importance in assisting, teaching and management. METHOD Descriptive study with 10 coordinators of the Specialization course in Cardiologic Nursing, who replied to the questionnaire for the development of technological competency adapted from the Technology Initiative Guidelines Education Reforms (TIGER, and analyzed using the Delphi technique for obtaining consensus and scored according to the relevance, pertinence and applicability using Likert scale according to degree of agreement. RESULTS Six courses developed ICT content. The contents of the TIGER were considered relevant, pertinent and applicable. CONCLUSION The coordinators recognize the need for technological competencies of the Cardiovascular Nurse for healthcare applicability.

  6. [Technological competencies in cardiovascular nursing education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Rika Miyahara; Leite, Maria Madalena Januário

    2015-12-01

    To identify the perception of the coordinators of the Specialization Courses in Cardiovascular Nursing about inserting content from Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and analyze them in relation to the technological competencies and regarding its applicability, relevance and importance in assisting, teaching and management. Descriptive study with 10 coordinators of the Specialization course in Cardiologic Nursing, who replied to the questionnaire for the development of technological competency adapted from the Technology Initiative Guidelines Education Reforms (TIGER), and analyzed using the Delphi technique for obtaining consensus and scored according to the relevance, pertinence and applicability using Likert scale according to degree of agreement. Six courses developed ICT content. The contents of the TIGER were considered relevant, pertinent and applicable. The coordinators recognize the need for technological competencies of the Cardiovascular Nurse for healthcare applicability.

  7. Changing the conversation--the occupational health nurse's role in integrated HS3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Marjorie D

    2009-07-01

    Occupational health nurses have the skills and knowledge to provide a holistic perspective in advancing their company's triple bottom line, healthy people, healthy planet, and healthy profits. The HS3 model provides a road map for integrating health, safety, sustainability, and stewardship, all of which directly impact every company's triple bottom line. Occupational health nurses can use the HS3 model to promote healthy lifestyles, reduce risk and injuries, protect the natural environment, and improve resource alignment. Occupational health nurses have a unique opportunity to demonstrate the value they bring to their employers using synergistic HS3 planning that cost-effectively links work injury management, health promotion, environmental protection, safety training and surveillance, and regulatory compliance. Implementing the HS3 model requires occupational health nurses to be innovators who can change the conversation.

  8. Factors Predicting the Provision of Smoking Cessation Services Among Occupational Health Nurses in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatdokmaiprai, Kannikar; Kalampakorn, Surintorn; McCullagh, Marjorie; Lagampan, Sunee; Keeratiwiriyaporn, Sansanee

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify factors predicting occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 254 occupational health nurses in Thailand. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and mediated the relationship between workplace factors, nurse factors, and smoking cessation services. The final model had good fit to the data, accounting for 20.4% and 38.0% of the variance in self-efficacy and smoking cessation services, respectively. The findings show that self-efficacy is a mediator that influences provision of smoking cessation services by occupational health nurses. Interventions to enhance nurses' self-efficacy in providing smoking cessation services are expected to promote provision of smoking cessation services to workers.

  9. Who really makes the bed? Uncovering technologic dissonance in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purnell, M J

    1998-07-01

    Technologic dissonance in the practice arena is demonstrated in the use of nonnursing technologies that are present in but technically incongruent with a nursing environment. Technology in nursing is not necessarily nursing technology. The article traces the influences of technologic dissonance beyond the reductionist purview of the medical model to their source in design and engineering philosophies. The vision of technologic consonance in nursing may be realized in the influence and expression of the caring nurse in the design, engineering, ownership, and use of nursing technology.

  10. Association of nursing overtime, nurse staffing and unit occupancy with medical incidents and outcomes of very preterm infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltempo, M; Lacroix, G; Cabot, M; Blais, R; Piedboeuf, B

    2017-09-21

    To examine the association of nursing overtime, nursing provision and unit occupancy rate with medical incident rates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and the risk of mortality or major morbidity among very preterm infants. Single center retrospective cohort study of infants born within 23 to 29 weeks of gestational age or birth weight bed, level III NICU. Nursing overtime ratios (nursing overtime hours/total nursing hours), nursing provision ratios (nursing hours/recommended nursing hours based on patient dependency categories) and unit occupancy rates were pooled for all shifts during NICU hospitalization of each infant. Log-binomial models assessed their association with the composite outcome (mortality or major morbidity). Of the 257 infants that met the inclusion criteria, 131 (51%) developed the composite outcome. In the adjusted multivariable analyses, high (>3.4%) relative to low nursing overtime ratios (⩽3.4%) were not associated with the composite outcome (relative risk (RR): 0.93; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.86 to 1.02). High nursing provision ratios (>1) were associated with a lower risk of the composite outcome relative to low ones (⩽1) (RR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.74 to 0.90). NICU occupancy rates were not associated with the composite outcome (RR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.89 to 1.07, high (>100%) vs low (⩽100%)). Days with high nursing provision ratios (>1) were also associated with lower risk of having medical incidents (RR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.82 to 0.99). High nursing provision ratio during NICU hospitalization is associated with a lower risk of a composite adverse outcome in very preterm infants.Journal of Perinatology advance online publication, 21 September 2017; doi:10.1038/jp.2017.146.

  11. Nursing Process. Nursing: Basic Needs I. Nursing: Basic Needs II. Nursing through the Life Span. Entry into Professional Nursing. A Basic Course Outline (College Freshmen) for Nursing. A Four Year "2+2" Articulated Curriculum for the Occupation of Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddox, Gaylon; And Others

    This course outline provides materials for third-year courses in a "2+2" curriculum for the occupation of registered nurse. It is part of a planned and articulated 4-year curriculum that spans the junior and senior years of high school and the freshman and sophomore years of the postsecondary institution. Introductory materials include:…

  12. Occupational accidents with piercing and cutting instruments in hospital nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Palucci Marziale

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Goals: To identify factors associated with occupational accidents caused by piercing and cutting instruments and to identify the consequences of these accidents.Methods: Descriptive field research. Data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with nurses who suffered accidents during one year in four hospitals at São Paulo State - Brazil. Results: factors associated with accidents were: work overload, poor quality material, inadequate disposal materials, professional negligence, clients’ aggressiveness, lack of attention and use of unsheathed needles. The accidents caused financial damages to the institutions as well as emotional and physical impairments to workers. Conclusions: There are several factors associated with accidents with piercing and cutting instruments. Therefore, preventive measures must be implemented according to the peculiarities of each work environment. Better care should be taken with the preparation of the professionals as well as with the information on risks from exposure to body/blood fluids they are given. A specific legislation is needed in our country in order to minimize this problem.

  13. Health Occupations Curriculum. Skills and Theory for Practical Nurse. Units 18, 19, and 20.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

    Part of a health occupations program, these instructional units consist of materials for use by those who are studying to become practical nurses. Covered in the units are the following: the nursing care of mothers and newborns (obstetrics, prenatal care and complications, patient needs, care of the newborn, prematurity, medications, and cultural…

  14. Psychological Distress among Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Students: A Longitudinal and Predictive Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerdrum, Per; Rustoen, Tone; Helge Ronnestad, Michael

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we present longitudinal data on changes in psychological distress among 232 Norwegian undergraduate students of nursing, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy. Psychological distress was assessed by applying the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire. Nursing students became substantially more distressed during the…

  15. Psychological Distress among Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Students: A Longitudinal and Predictive Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerdrum, Per; Rustoen, Tone; Helge Ronnestad, Michael

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we present longitudinal data on changes in psychological distress among 232 Norwegian undergraduate students of nursing, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy. Psychological distress was assessed by applying the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire. Nursing students became substantially more distressed during the…

  16. Demonstrating the cost effectiveness of an expert occupational and environmental health nurse: application of AAOHN's success tools. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, J A; Smith, P S

    2001-12-01

    According to DiBenedetto, "Occupational health nurses enhance and maximize the health, safety, and productivity of the domestic and global work force" (1999b). This project clearly defined the multiple roles and activities provided by an occupational and environmental health nurse and assistant, supported by a part time contract occupational health nurse. A well defined estimate of the personnel costs for each of these roles is helpful both in demonstrating current value and in future strategic planning for this department. The model highlighted both successes and a business cost savings opportunity for integrated disability management. The AAOHN's Success Tools (1998) were invaluable in launching the development of this cost effectiveness model. The three methods were selected from several tools of varying complexities offered. Collecting available data to develop these metrics required internal consultation with finance, human resources, and risk management, as well as communication with external health, safety, and environmental providers in the community. Benchmarks, surveys, and performance indicators can be found readily in the literature and online. The primary motivation for occupational and environmental health nurses to develop cost effectiveness analyses is to demonstrate the value and worth of their programs and services. However, it can be equally important to identify which services are not cost effective so knowledge and skills may be used in ways that continue to provide value to employers (AAOHN, 1996). As evidence based health care challenges the occupational health community to demonstrate business rationale and financial return on investment, occupational and environmental health nurses must meet that challenge if they are to define their preferred future (DiBenedetto, 2000).

  17. Troubling distinctions: a semiotics of the nursing/technology relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandelowski, M

    1999-09-01

    I consider the discursive practices that have served conceptually and ontologically to trouble the boundaries between nursing and technology: between nurse/human/subject and machine/non-human/object. Nursing and technology have been semiotically related largely by two processes: (a) by the metaphor that depicts nursing as technology and (b) by opposition, or as not like and even in conflict with technology. Less frequently but no less significantly, nursing and technology have been semiotically linked (c) by the metaphor that depicts technology as nursing and (d) by metonymy, or by word or picture juxtapositions of nursing with technology. The troubling distinctions between nursing and technology suggest yet another reason why the construction of difference continues to elude nursing.

  18. The role of social support on occupational stress among hospital nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jiegen; Ren, Xiaohua; Wang, Quanhai; He, Lianping; Wang, Jinquan; Jin, Yuelong; Chen, Yan; Wang, Linghong; Nie, Zhonghua; Guo, Daoxia; Yao, Yingshui

    2014-01-01

    Stress is a nonspecific reaction to everything the body needs. Although occupational stress exists in every occupation, it is seen with more frequency and intensity amongst those occupations related to human health. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between occupational stress and social support (SS) among hospital nurses. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1144 hospital nurse in China. They were investigated with a self-administered questionnaire about socio-demographic characteristics, occupational stress and social support. A validated version of the revised Occupational Stress Inventory (OSI-R) was applied to evaluate occupational stress; SS was measured by nine questions. Logistic regression analysis was used to study the association between occupational stress and SS and adjusted for income, gender, marital status, working years, educational level, and profession. Of 1144 nurses, the majority age group was less than 30 years, and the mean age across participants was 31.8 years. Further correlation analysis indicated that score of ORQ and PSQ had a significant negative correlation with score of SS (P<0.05), and a significant positive correlation was found between Score of PRQ and score of SS (P<0.05). The univariate analysis and multivariate analysis results also revealed that high SS increased significantly with decreasing ORQ score and increasing PRQ score after controlling for income, gender, marital status, working years, educational level and job title. SS significantly influences occupational stress in hospitals nurse. We also should pay more attention to occupational stress of married and long working years nurse.

  19. Nurses' perceptions of environmental pressures in relation to their occupational stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Shu-Fen; Boore, Jennifer; Jenkins, Mary; Liu, Po-Erh; Yang, Ming-Jen

    2009-11-01

    The aim of this paper was to explore nurses' stress experiences of working under the current health care system in Taiwan (the context) using a qualitative approach. Although most global health care institutions have been changing in response to the economic contraction, there is a deficit of information in understanding the changes of the ecology of the health care system in Taiwan from nurses' perspectives. Grounded theory. A grounded theory approach was used to collect the data from a sample of 28 critical care nurses from seven hospitals in Taiwan. Data were analysed using a multi-step analytic procedure, based on the approaches of Glaser, Chesler and Strauss and Corbin. The health care system changes were found to increase critical care nurses' occupational stress and work dilemmas. For the purpose of this study, the two categories that emerged in the 'context' component of the paradigm model are investigated. They were: hospital reorganisation and cultural burden of the nurse's role. The findings indicated that hospital organisational changes and people's own belief of the nurse's role were recognised as the environmental pressures which increase critical care nurses' occupational stress. Cultural background may play an important role in influencing nurses' work atmosphere and their ways of being seen. Critical care nurses perceived that their hospitals were under huge demands due to the changes in health care policies; these had subsequently caused them a high level of occupational stress. Beliefs in the embedded culture were also identified as significant factors in causing nurses' role stress. These findings could enhance the knowledge of critical care nurses' occupational stress and identify the most appropriate stress management skills available to them. Findings will add to the understanding of Chinese nurses who may work globally.

  20. The Effect of Emotion Regulation Training on Occupational Stress of Critical Care Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saedpanah, Darya; Salehi, Shiva; Moghaddam, Ladan Fattah

    2016-12-01

    Occupational stress is a common, serious and costly health problem in work environment. Nursing is a very stressful job high level of stress in this job affects nurses' physical and mental health. To investigate the effect of emotion regulation training of occupational stress on critical care nurses in two teaching hospitals in Sanandaj, Iran. This interventional study was conducted on 60 nurses working in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Critical Care Unit (CCU) in two teaching hospitals in Sanandaj, Iran. Data were collected using Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS) questionnaire. The questionnaire in both intervention and control groups before and after the training sessions of emotion regulation training were completed. Data were analysed using SPSS Version 20. Statistical indices such as frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation and also t-test, Chi-square test and paired t-test were used. Mean occupation stress score in the intervention group before emotion regulation training was 136.6±24.6 and after training was 113.02±16.2 (p = 0.001). Occupational stress dimensions including; conflict with physicians, problems with peers, workload, uncertainty concerning treatment and problems related to patients and their families in the intervention group compared with the control group was statistically significant (p <0.05). Emotion regulation training is effective in reducing occupation stress of critical care nurses.

  1. Collective strategy for facing occupational risks of a nursing team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loro, Marli Maria; Zeitoune, Regina Célia Gollner

    2017-03-09

    To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks. Twenty-four (24) workers participated in the study. When challenged to critically look at their actions, the subjects found that they relate the use of safety devices to situations in which they are aware of the patient's serological status. Subjects' interaction, involvement and co-responsibility in the health education process were determinant for their reflection on risky practices. They also had the potential to modify unsafe behaviors. Socializar uma ação educativa, por meio de um processo de discussão e reflexão em grupo, com vistas a ampliar o cuidado dos trabalhadores de enfermagem frente aos riscos ocupacionais. Estudo qualitativo, descritivo na modalidade Pesquisa Convergente Assistencial, com trabalhadores da equipe de enfermagem que atuavam no pronto atendimento de um hospital da região noroeste do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de oficinas educativas, e o tratamento das informações, por análise de conteúdo, resultando em duas categorias temáticas: Um olhar direcionado a saberes e práticas sobre riscos ocupacionais na enfermagem e Adesão às medidas de proteção pela equipe de enfermagem frente aos riscos ocupacionais. Integraram o estudo 24 trabalhadores. Ao serem desafiados a olhar criticamente sobre seu fazer, os

  2. Finnish occupational health nurses' view of work-related stress: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinnunen-Amoroso, Maritta; Liira, Juha

    2014-03-01

    Occupational stress at work has been increasingly recognized as a major risk factor for chronic disease and poor quality of work life among employees. The purpose of this study was to examine how occupational health nurses in Finland manage work-related stress. A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used with a sample of 354 Finnish occupational nurses who responded to the survey. No specific standardized tools to assess or handle work-related stress in occupational health services or their client companies were identified. Open-ended interviews together with burnout questionnaires were the most frequently used methods to assess the stress of employees. Interventions were directed at individual employees. A need for standardized stress assessment instruments and stress management by work organizations was found. Methods to cope with work-related stress should be developed by the occupational health team and companies' health resources departments to ensure the adoption of common protocols. Copyright 2014, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. Nurses' Occupational Trauma Exposure, Resilience, and Coping Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Sherry Lynn

    2016-01-01

    Nursing education courses and professional development (PD) do not include coping and resilience training for registered nurses (RNs) who work in emergency departments (EDs). Exposure to traumatic events, death, and dying may lead to health issues, substance abuse, stress symptoms, nursing staff turnover, and compassion fatigue among ED RNs.…

  4. The role of technology in critical care nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crocker, Cheryl; Timmons, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    This paper is a report of a study to identify the meaning for critical care nurses of technology related to weaning from mechanical ventilation and to explore how that technology was used in practice. The literature concerned with the development of critical care (intensive care and high dependency units) focuses mainly on innovative medical technology. Although this use of technology in critical care is portrayed as new, it actually represents a transfer of technology from operating theatres. An ethnographic study was conducted and data were collected on one critical care unit in a large teaching hospital over a 6-month period in 2004. The methods included participant observation, interviews and the collection of field notes. The overall theme 'The nursing-technology relation' was identified. This comprised three sub-themes: definition of technology, technology transferred and technology transformed. Novice nurses took a task-focussed approach to weaning, treating it as a 'medical' technology transferred to them from doctors. Expert nurses used technology differently and saw its potential to become a 'nursing technology'. Nurses need to examine how they can adapt and to 'reconfigure' technology so that it can be transformed into a nursing technology. Those technologies that do not fit with nursing may have no place there. Rather than simply extending and expanding their roles through technology transfer, nurses should transform those technologies that preserve the essence of nursing and can contribute to a positive outcome for patients.

  5. Occupational Safety Review of High Technology Facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee Cadwallader

    2005-01-31

    This report contains reviews of operating experiences, selected accident events, and industrial safety performance indicators that document the performance of the major US DOE magnetic fusion experiments and particle accelerators. These data are useful to form a basis for the occupational safety level at matured research facilities with known sets of safety rules and regulations. Some of the issues discussed are radiation safety, electromagnetic energy exposure events, and some of the more widespread issues of working at height, equipment fires, confined space work, electrical work, and other industrial hazards. Nuclear power plant industrial safety data are also included for comparison.

  6. Motivational pathways of occupational and organizational turnover intention among newly registered nurses in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernet, Claude; Trépanier, Sarah-Geneviève; Demers, Mireille; Austin, Stéphanie

    Staff turnover is a major issue for health care systems. In a time of labor shortage, it is critical to understand the motivational factors that underlie turnover intention in newly licensed nurses. To examine whether different forms of motivation (the reasons for which nurses engage in their work) predict intention to quit the occupation and organization through distinct forms (affective and continuance) and targets (occupation and organization) of commitment. Cross-sectional data were collected from a sample of 572 French-Canadian newly registered nurses working in public health care in the province of Quebec, Canada. The hypothesized model was tested by structural equation modeling. Autonomous motivation (nurses accomplish their work primarily out of a sense of pleasure and satisfaction or because they personally endorse the importance or value of their work) negatively predicts intention to quit the profession and organization through target-specific affective commitment. However, although controlled motivation (nurses accomplish their work mainly because of internal or external pressure) is positively associated with continuance commitment to the occupation and organization, it directly predicts, positively so, intention to quit the occupation and organization. These results highlight the complexity of the motivational processes at play in the turnover intention of novice nurses, revealing distinct forms of commitment that explain how motivation quality is related simultaneously to intention to quit the occupation and organization. Health care organizations are advised to promote autonomous over controlled motivation to retain newly recruited nurses and sustain the future of the nursing workforce. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Occupational factors and low back pain: a cross-sectional study of Bangladeshi female nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanjoy, Shubrandu S; Ahsan, Gias U; Nabi, Hayatun; Joy, Ziaul F; Hossain, Ahmed

    2017-04-28

    The suffering from low back pain (LBP) is very common among nurses. The high prevalence rates of LBP are observed in many countries. Many back injuries are due to individual and work-related factors. Our aim is to investigate whether there is an association of occupational factors with LBP among the female nurses who are currently working in tertiary hospitals of Bangladesh. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 229 female nurses from two selected tertiary hospitals in Bangladesh. Data was collected through face-to-face interview using a standard structured questionnaire on four different measures of LBP along with questions on socio-demographic, occupational factors, physical and psychological factors. Prevalence rates of LBP that lasted for at least 1 day, chronic LBP, intense pain and sought medical care because of LBP during the last 12 months were 72.9, 31.8, 24.4 and 36.2%, respectively. The multiple logistic regression analyses indicates that insufficient supporting staffs, overtime working hours and manual lifting in a working environment are associated with LBP. Besides, age and parity are found positively associated with chronic LBP. The prevalence of LBP among nurses in Bangladesh is high and should be actively addressed. Certain occupational factors play a key role in developing LBP among nurses. Nurses to patients ratio should be taken into consideration to reduce the occurrence of LBP among nurses employed in hospitals.

  8. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND COMMUNICATION IN NURSING EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. R. B. Costa

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The use of information and communication technologies in education, transforms not only the way we communicate, but also work, decide and think, as well as allows you to create rich, complex and diversified learning situations, through sharing the tasks between teachers and students , providing an interactive, continuous and lifelong learning. The paper aims to reflect on the importance of the use of information and communication technologies in higher education and show the potential in promoting changes and challenges for teachers of undergraduate nursing course. This is a literary review concerning the issue at hand, in the period from February to March 2014. The result indicates that the resources of information and communication technologies are strategies for the education of future nurses and promote the changing process for teachers , providing quality education to students and understanding that we must seek new opportunities to build a new style of training.

  9. Occupational hazards education for nursing staff through web-based learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tung, Chen-Yin; Chang, Chia-Chen; Ming, Jin-Lain; Chao, Keh-Ping

    2014-12-01

    This study aims to explore the efficiency of using online education as an intervention measure to prevent occupational hazards in a clinical nursing setting. The subjects were 320 female nursing staff from two hospitals in Taiwan. The questionnaire results indicated that the subjects primarily experienced human factor occupational hazards, as well as psychological and social hazards. Specifically, 73.1% and 69.8% of the subjects suffered from poor sleep quality and low back pain, respectively. After web-based learning, the experimental group had higher post-test scores than the control group in terms of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). However, there was only a significant difference (p web-based learning, and further facilitate their comments on negative factors. The findings can highly promote nursing staff's attitudes and practices toward preventing occupational hazards through web-based learning.

  10. Implementing ergonomic strategies in the workplace--an occupational health nursing perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Travers, P H

    1992-03-01

    1. Failure to recognize the work relatedness of cumulative trauma disorders has contributed to an insufficient emphasis on appropriate ergonomic strategies in many industries. 2. Occupational health nurses have a responsibility to make clear their roles, skills, and contributions as integral members of the ergonomic team. 3. When implementing a comprehensive ergonomic program, the "wins" are most often seen in the gradual steps of continuous improvement. 4. To meet the challenges of the year 2000 and beyond, education is a critical element. This means education of management and employees, community health care providers, nurses in other specialty areas, allied health professionals, regulatory agencies, and others about the broad and diversified roles and contributions of occupational health nurses in ergonomics and other occupational health arenas as well.

  11. [Causes of occupational allergy in dental nurses. An analysis based on the material collected at The Institute of Occupational Medicine in Lódź].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kieć-Swierczyńska, M; Krecisz, B

    2000-01-01

    The causes of occupational dermatosis were analysed in 27 dental nurses examined at The Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine during the years 1995-99. Contact sensitisation (at least one positive epidermal test) was found in 18 subjects (66.7%). Occupational allergic dermatitis was induced most frequently by: glutaraldehyde (7 positive patch tests), nickel (7), benzalkonium (4), formaldehyde (4), fragrances (4), chromium compounds (3), glyoxal (3), and thiuram (3). In the authors' opinion, dental nurses are nowadays sensitised to other chemical compounds than it used to be in the past. The present components of disinfectants (aldehydes, quaternary ammonium bases), metals and rubber are the major etiologic agents that induce occupational allergy.

  12. Information management. Computer resources for the occupational and environmental health nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amann, M C

    1999-12-01

    Occupational and environmental health nurses are responsible for the management of large amounts of very complex information, ranging from individual employee health records to reports that insure corporate compliance. There are four primary tools available to the occupational health nurse to facilitate efficient management and use of health information--occupational health information systems, office support programs, communication systems, and the Internet and intranets. Selection and implementation of an integrated health information system requires the involvement of any organization that uses data processed by the system. A project management approach to implementation and maintenance of a system insures adherence to time lines and attention to details. The internet provides access to a vast amount of information useful to both the occupational health professional and the employee. Intranets are internal systems that may facilitate distribution of health information to employees, maintenance of current health related policies, and more efficient reporting procedures.

  13. Occupational Safety Precautions among Nurses at Four Hospitals, Nablus District, Palestine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khatib, I A; El Ansari, W; Areqat, T A; Darkhawaja, R A; Mansour, S H; Tucktuck, M A; Khatib, J I

    2015-10-01

    Occupational hazards, exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF) accidents and safety precautions constitute an important public health issue. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of exposure to occupational hazards among nurses, and their knowledge of occupational safety precautions. In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed 332 nurses working in 4 hospitals, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine, by a questionnaire. Bivariate analysis tested the associations between ever exposure and the high likelihood of BBF exposure and the independent socio-demographic and occupational variables. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the associations between the same two exposures and selected independent variables (those significant in the bivariate analysis). Prevalence of ever exposure to BBF was 51.7%, and was associated with working in private and charitable hospitals (OR 2.62, 2.68, respectively), having 4-6 family members (OR 0.52) and "nursing" being as one's top career choice at university (OR 0.48). The prevalence of high likelihood of BBF exposure was 62.2%, and was associated with working in charitable and private hospitals (OR 7.81, 2.43, respectively) and "nursing" being as one's top career choice (OR 0.57). Regarding knowledge, most respondents believed it is necessary to enact laws and regulations regarding occupational safety precautions, reported the use of sharps containers, immediate disinfection after an accident, reporting an accident, and using personal protective equipment. Nurses had adequate knowledge of the risks of their hospital work. Nevertheless, they exhibited high prevalence of exposure to BBF accidents. Future studies are needed to re-evaluate existing occupational safety guidelines in hospitals, establish monitoring and evaluation protocols for health care workers' adherence to the guidelines, and institute well-defined policies for reporting occupational injury incidents so these can be handled appropriately.

  14. Work stress, occupational burnout and depression levels: a clinical study of paediatric intensive care unit nurses in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tzu-Ching; Lin, Huey-Shyan; Cheng, Su-Fen; Wu, Li-Min; Ou-Yang, Mei-Chen

    2016-04-01

    This study aimed to examine the relationship between work stress and depression; and investigate the mediating effect of occupational burnout among nurses in paediatric intensive care units. The relationships among work stress, occupational burnout and depression level have been explored, neither regarding occupational burnout as the mediating role that causes work stress to induce depression nor considering the paediatric intensive care unit context. A cross-sectional correlational design was conducted. One hundred and forty-four female paediatric intensive care unit nurses from seven teaching hospitals in southern Taiwan were recruited as the participants. Data were collected by structured questionnaires including individual demographics, the Nurse Stress Checklist, the Occupational Burnout Inventory and the Taiwan Depression Questionnaire. The results indicated that after controlling for individual demographic variables, the correlations of work stress with occupational burnout, as well as work stress and occupational burnout with depression level were all positive. Furthermore, occupational burnout may exert a partial mediating effect on the relationship between work stress and depression level. This study provides information about work stress, occupational burnout and depression level, and their correlations, as well as the mediating role of occupational burnout among paediatric intensive care unit nurses. It suggests government departments and hospital administrators when formulating interventions to prevent work stress and occupational burnout. These interventions can subsequently prevent episodes of depression in paediatric intensive care unit nurses, thereby providing patients with a safe and high-quality nursing environment. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. An Integrated Intervention for Increasing Clinical Nurses' Knowledge of HIV/AIDS-Related Occupational Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Liping; Lu, Zhiyan; Huang, Jing; Zhou, Yiping; Huang, Jian; Bi, Yongyi; Li, Jun

    2016-11-07

    Background: Approximately 35 new HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV) cases and at least 1000 serious infections are transmitted annually to health care workers. In China, HIV prevalence is increasing and nursing personnel are encountering these individuals more than in the past. Contaminated needle-stick injuries represent a significant occupational burden for nurses. Evidence suggests that nurses in China may not fully understand HIV/AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS) and HIV-related occupational safety. At this time, universal protection precautions are not strictly implemented in Chinese hospitals. Lack of training may place nurses at risk for occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of integrated interventions on nurses' knowledge improvement about reducing the risk of occupationally acquired HIV infection. Methods: We audited integrated interventions using 300 questionnaires collected from nurses at the Affiliated Hospital of Xiangnan University, a public polyclinic in Hunan Province. The intervention studied was multifaceted and included appropriate and targeted training content for hospital, department and individual levels. After three months of occupational safety integrated interventions, 234 participants who completed the program were assessed. Results: Of the subjects studied, 94.3% (283/300) were injured one or more times by medical sharp instruments or splashed by body fluids in the last year and 95.3% considered their risk of occupational exposure high or very high. After the intervention, awareness of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge improved significantly (χ² = 86.34, p = 0.00), and correct answers increased from 67.9% to 82.34%. Correct answers regarding risk perception were significantly different between pre-test (54.4%) and post-test (66.6%) (χ² = 73.2, p = 0.00). When coming into contact with patient body fluids and blood only 24.0% of subjects used gloves regularly. The pre

  16. Occupational stress of professional and enrolled nurses in South Africa / Johanna Maria Aucamp

    OpenAIRE

    Aucamp, Johanna Maria

    2003-01-01

    Occupational stress of nurses has been widely researched, for example in specific health care units - intensive care, specific conditions - cancer. Personal characteristics like emotional involvement and depersonalisation of patients are also suggested as stressors for nurses. In South Africa the Department of Health has made a number of changes since 1994. One of the changes involved the restructuring of the different departments to unify the fragmented health services. No com...

  17. Association of Nursing Overtime, Nurse Staffing, and Unit Occupancy with Health Care-Associated Infections in the NICU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltempo, Marc; Blais, Régis; Lacroix, Guy; Cabot, Michèle; Piedboeuf, Bruno

    2017-08-01

    Objective This study aims to assess the association of nursing overtime, nurse staffing, and unit occupancy with health care-associated infections (HCAIs) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Study Design A 2-year retrospective cohort study was conducted for 2,236 infants admitted in a Canadian tertiary care, 51-bed NICU. Daily administrative data were obtained from the database "Logibec" and combined to the patient outcomes database. Median values for the nursing overtime hours/total hours worked ratio, the available to recommended nurse staffing ratio, and the unit occupancy rate over 3-day periods before HCAI were compared with days that did not precede infections. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) that control for the latter factors and unit risk factors were also computed. Results A total of 122 (5%) infants developed a HCAI. The odds of having HCAI were higher on days that were preceded by a high nursing overtime ratio (aOR, 1.70; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.05-2.75, quartile [Q]4 vs. Q1). High unit occupancy rates were not associated with increased odds of infection (aOR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.47-1.51, Q4 vs. Q1) nor were higher available/recommended nurse ratios (aOR, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.67-1.99, Q4 vs. Q1). Conclusion Nursing overtime is associated with higher odds of HCAI in the NICU. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  18. Technology enables value-based nursing care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Roy L

    2012-01-01

    Although America spends more per capita on health care than any other nation in the world, care is neither consistent nor effective. The rising prominence of value-based care initiatives gives nurse executives an opportunity to lead clinical practice into a new evidence-fueled decision-making era. Technology holds the key to making emerging better practices and the latest clinical breakthroughs available at the point of care.

  19. [Demand-Control model and occupational stress among nursing professionals: integrative review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Denise Rodrigues Costa

    2013-01-01

    The Demand Control model aims to evaluate the occupational stress. This study aimed to know, through an integrative review of the literature, the scientific production about the Demand Control Model to investigation occupational stress among nursing professionals from 2000 to 2011.Of the 16 selected studies, five were published in 2009. Of these studies, 56.25% assessed the Demand and Control dimensions and their correlations with workers' health problems; 37.5% of these studies were related with mental health. The results showed a lack of national publications. We recommend that authors conduct experimental studies to reduce the occupational stress for better conditions of workers' mental health.

  20. Analysis of touch used by occupational therapy practitioners in skilled nursing facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Douglas; Henegar, J; Khanin, S; Oberle, G; Thacker, S

    2014-09-01

    Instrumental touch is identified as having purposeful physical contact in order to complete a task. Expressive touch is identified as warm, friendly physical contact and is not solely for performing a task. Expressive touch has been associated with improved client status, increased rapport and greater gains made during therapy. The purpose of the study was to observe the frequency of expressive and instrumental touch utilized by an occupational therapist during an occupational therapy session. Thirty-three occupational therapy professionals, including occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants, employed at skilled nursing facilities in southwest Florida were observed. Data were collected on the Occupational Therapy Interaction Assessment. The results of the data analysis showed a positive relationship between the gender of the therapist and the frequency of expressive touch. The data also showed that a large majority of touches were instrumental touch and pertained to functional mobility. The results of the study can contribute to a better understanding of the holistic aspects of occupational therapy. By the use of more expressive touch, occupational therapy practitioners may have a positive, beneficial effect on both the client and the therapy process as a whole. Further research is needed to determine the effect an occupational therapy setting has on the frequency of instrumental and expressive touch. A larger sample size and a distinction between evaluation and treatment sessions would benefit future studies. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. How do technologies influence the interaction between nurse and patient?

    OpenAIRE

    Chalabalová, Zdeňka

    2016-01-01

    The thesis deals with technologies that nurses use in their work. These technologies are computers and tablets when nurses write electronic nursing documentation, use barcode readers when administering medications to clients of health services and in collecting blood and other laboratory samples. The theoretical part is devoted to medical and nursing documentation what legislation is in force, what the content of documentation is. After that there are presented companies that provide digitiza...

  2. Emergency department nurses' experiences of occupational stress: A qualitative study from a public hospital in Bangkok, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuwanich, Nuttapol; Sandmark, Hélène; Akhavan, Sharareh

    2015-10-30

    Occupational stress has been a health-related issue among nurses for many decades. Emergency department nurses are frequently confronted with occupational stress in their workplace; in particular, they encounter stressful situations and unpredictable events. These encounters could make them feel more stressed than nurses in other departments. Research considering occupational stress from the perspective of Thai emergency department nurses is limited. This study aimed to explore nurses' perceptions of occupational stress in an emergency department. A qualitative approach was used to gain an understanding of nurses' experiences and perceptions regarding stress in their workplace. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection. Twenty-one emergency department nurses working in a public hospital in Thailand were interviewed, and the data were analyzed using content analysis. The findings comprised three themes: (1) perceived stress, (2) consequences of stress, and (3) stress management. The results of this study can be used by hospital management to help them adopt effective strategies, such as support programs involving co-workers/supervisors, to decrease occupational stress among emergency department nurses. Future research that explores each of the themes found in this study could offer a more comprehensive understanding of nurses' occupational stress in the emergency department.

  3. Project CHOICE: #105. A Career Unit for Grades 3 and 4. Nursing. (Health Occupations Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Nursing, is one in a series of career guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking third and fourth grade elementary classroom experiences with the world of work. Part of the Health Occupations Career Cluster,…

  4. Student Assessment System. Domain Referenced Tests. Allied Health Occupations/Practical Nursing. Volume II: Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Gene, Comp.; Simpson, Bruce, Comp.

    These written domain referenced tests (DRTs) for the area of allied health occupations/practical nursing test cognitive abilities or knowledge of theory. Introductory materials describe domain referenced testing and test development. Each multiple choice test includes a domain statement, describing the behavior and content of the domain, and a…

  5. Mindfulness interventions to reduce stress among nursing personnel: an occupational health perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeller, Janice M; Levin, Pamela F

    2013-02-01

    Workplace stress within health care settings is rampant and predicted to increase in coming years. The profound effects of workplace stress on the health and safety of nursing personnel and the financial impact on organizations are well documented. Although organizational modification can reduce some sources of stress, several unique stress-producing factors inherent in the work of nursing personnel are immutable to such approaches. Mindfulness training, an evidence-based approach to increase situational awareness and positive responses to stressful situations, is an inexpensive strategy to reduce stress and improve the quality of nurses' work lives. Several approaches to training, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction, can be tailored to health care settings. Considerations for occupational health nurses in incorporating mindfulness training as an aspect of a comprehensive work site health promotion program for nursing and other hospital personnel are discussed.

  6. Occupational Risk Factors and Health Problems Faced by Nurses that Working Dialysis Unit and Nephrology Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehtap Curcani

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This study is carried out descriptively with the aim of determining occupational risks the nurses working in dialysis units and nephrology services. METHOD: 47 nurses working in dialysis and nephrology units of the hospitals in Erzurum were included in the study content. In the collection of the data, questionnaire form prepared in the light of literature and including the preventions taken by nurses themselves or their organizations against the professional risks they faced, or personal problems the nurses experienced, professional risk or professional-personal features was used. RESULTS: In the result of the study, it was detected that 48.9% of the nurses was at 28-32 age group, and that 38.3% of the nurses graduated from nursing higher school, and that 72.3% of the nurses worked in dialysis unit. It was found out that while practicing their professions, the nurses expressed that infection risk (97.9%, stress (83%, verbal abuse (80.9%, psychiatric trauma (66%, allergic substance (63.8%, the noise (36.2%, and physical abuse (23.4% were the risk factors they raced in working medium .In the health problem seen in the nurses, in the first row is lumbago. CONCLUSION: In the result of the study, it was found out that while practicing their professions, the nurses expressed that infection risk was the highest rate among the risk factors they raced in working medium and, in the health problem seen in the nurses, in the first row is lumbago and that the nurses and organizations’ attempts which will reduce the risks were not sufficient. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(4.000: 339-344

  7. Technology concept in the view of Iranian nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehraban, Marzieh Adel; Hassanpour, Marzieh; Yazdannik, Ahmadreza; Ajami, Sima

    2013-05-01

    Over the years, the concept technology has modified, especially from the viewpoint of the development of scientific knowledge as well as the philosophical and artistic aspects. However, the concept of technology in nursing are still poorly understood. Only small qualitative studies, especially in Iran, have investigated this phenomenon and they just are about information technology. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of the concept of technology in the view of Iranian nurses. This study was qualitative explorative study which was done with a purposeful sampling of 23 nurses (staffs, supervisors and chief nurse managers) working in Isfahan hospitals. Unstructured interviews were including 13 individual interviews and 2 focused-group interviews. In addition to this, filed notes and memos were used in data collection. After this data transcribing was done and then conventional content analysis was used for data coding and classification. The results showed that there are various definitions for technology among nurses. In the view of nurses, technology means using new equipment, computers, information technology, etc). Data analysis revealed that nurses understand technology up to three main concepts: Change, Equipment and Knowledge. In deep overview on categories, we found that the most important concept about technology in nursing perspective is equipment. Therefore, it is necessary to develop deep understanding about the possible concepts technology among nurses. We suppose that technology concepts must be defined separately in all disciplines.

  8. Swedish district nurses' attitudes to implement information and communication technology in home nursing

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Carina; Skär, Lisa; Söderberg, Siv

    2008-01-01

    The use of information and communication technology has increased in the society, and can be useful in nursing care. The aim of this study was to describe district nurses' attitudes regarding the implementation of information and communication technology in home nursing. The first and third authors performed five focus group discussions with 19 district nurses' from five primary healthcare centres in northern Sweden. During the focus group discussions, the following topics were discussed: the...

  9. Occupational Safety Precautions among Nurses at Four Hospitals, Nablus District, Palestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IA Al-Khatib

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Occupational hazards, exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF accidents and safety precautions constitute an important public health issue. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of exposure to occupational hazards among nurses, and their knowledge of occupational safety precautions. In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed 332 nurses working in 4 hospitals, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine, by a questionnaire. Bivariate analysis tested the associations between ever exposure and the high likelihood of BBF exposure and the independent socio-demographic and occupational variables. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the associations between the same two exposures and selected independent variables (those significant in the bivariate analysis. Prevalence of ever exposure to BBF was 51.7%, and was associated with working in private and charitable hospitals (OR 2.62, 2.68, respectively, having 4–6 family members (OR 0.52 and “nursing” being as one's top career choice at university (OR 0.48. The prevalence of high likelihood of BBF exposure was 62.2%, and was associated with working in charitable and private hospitals (OR 7.81, 2.43, respectively and “nursing” being as one's top career choice (OR 0.57. Regarding knowledge, most respondents believed it is necessary to enact laws and regulations regarding occupational safety precautions, reported the use of sharps containers, immediate disinfection after an accident, reporting an accident, and using personal protective equipment. Nurses had adequate knowledge of the risks of their hospital work. Nevertheless, they exhibited high prevalence of exposure to BBF accidents. Future studies are needed to re-evaluate existing occupational safety guidelines in hospitals, establish monitoring and evaluation protocols for health care workers' adherence to the guidelines, and institute well-defined policies for reporting occupational injury incidents so these can be handled appropriately.

  10. Occupational stressors, burnout and coping strategies between hospital and community psychiatric nurses in a Dublin region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McTiernan, K; McDonald, N

    2015-04-01

    Burnout negatively impacts the delivery of mental health services. Psychiatric nurses face stressors that are distinct from other nursing specialities. The research was conducted in Ireland and captured a relatively large sample of respondents. The results compared the stressors, coping strategies and burnout levels between hospital and community-based psychiatric nurses. Occupational stress can negatively impact on the well-being of psychiatric nurses, which in turn can lead to poor client care. There is a dearth of published research conducted in Ireland that examines stress within the discipline. A between-groups study, undertaken in February 2011, investigated stressors, burnout and coping strategies between hospital and community-based psychiatric nurses in a Dublin region. Sixty-nine participants (8 males and 61 females), aged between 18 to 60 years voluntarily completed the Mental Health Professional Stress Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the PsychNurse Methods of Coping Scale. The findings revealed that nurses were operating in a moderately stressful environment. Stressors focused on organizational issues as opposed to client issues. The main stressors identified were lack of resources, workload and organizational structures/processes. Both groups reported average levels of emotional exhaustion, low levels of depersonalization and average levels of personal accomplishment. A Mann-Whitney U-test and Independent Samples t-test found significant differences between hospital and community-based nurses regarding depersonalization and personal accomplishment, respectively. Hospital nurses reported higher depersonalization scores, and community nurses had a greater sense of personal accomplishment. The personal accomplishment scores of hospital nurses were below mental health professional norms. No significant differences emerged regarding coping strategies. Avoidant coping strategies were favoured by both groups. It is recommended that interventions

  11. The incidence of technological stress among baccalaureate nurse educators using technology during course preparation and delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Mary S

    2009-01-01

    The concept of technology-related stress was first introduced in the 1980s when computers became more prevalent in the business and academic world. Nurse educators have been impacted by the rapid changes in technology in recent years. A review of the literature revealed no research studies that have been conducted to investigate the incidence of technological stress among nurse educators. The purpose of this descriptive-correlational study was to describe the technological stressors that Louisiana baccalaureate nurse educators experienced while teaching nursing theory courses. A researcher-developed questionnaire, the nurse educator technostress scale (NETS) was administered to a census sample of 311 baccalaureate nurse educators in Louisiana. Findings revealed that Louisiana baccalaureate nurse educators are experiencing technological stress. The variable, perceived administrative support for use of technology in the classroom, was a significant predictor in a regression model predicting Louisiana baccalaureate nurse educators' technological stress (F=14.157, p<.001).

  12. An investigation on task-technology fit of mobile nursing information systems for nursing performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Ju-Ling; Chen, Rai-Fu

    2012-05-01

    This study investigates factors affecting the fit between nursing tasks and mobile nursing information systems and the relationships between the task-technology fit of mobile nursing information systems and nurse performance from the perspective of task-technology fit. Survey research recruited nursing staffs as subjects from selected case hospital. A total of 310 questionnaires were sent out, and 219 copies were obtained, indicating a valid response rate of 70.6%. Collected data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling technique. Our study found that dependence tasks have positive effects on information acquisition (γ=0.234, Pmobile nursing information systems in assisting nursing practices can help facilitate both independent and dependent nursing tasks. Our study discovered that the supporting functions of mobile nursing information systems have positive effects on information integration and interpretation (γ=0.365, Pmobile nursing information systems have positive effects on information acquisition (γ=0.318, Pmobile nursing information systems have positive effects on nursing performance, indicating 83.2% of totally explained variance. As shown, the use of mobile nursing information systems could provide nursing staffs with real-time and accurate information to increase efficiency and effectiveness in patient-care duties, further improving nursing performance.

  13. Perceptions of nurse educators regarding the implementation of the occupational specific dispensation at a selected nursing college in Limpopo Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.D. Netshiswinzhe Mcur

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions of nurses regarding the implementation of the occupation-specific dispensation (OSD in a selected nursing college in Limpopo province. A qualitative approach was used with a purposive sampling method for the selection of 12 voluntary participants who had worked for more than five years and been subjected to the implementation of OSD. In-depth interviews were conducted and data analysed according to Tesch's method. The perceptions of nurse educators were shared through participants' responses to a central research question. Participants expressed different responses, both positive and negative. The findings of this study demonstrated: high expectations, unfair treatment in relation to the implementation, and reactions to introduction of OSD. Participants also identified envisaged ways of improving the situation through the identification of ways to correct the problems. This study recommended that management ensure that nurse educators' remuneration packages are competitive with those of similar professions in the clinical setting. Recognition of nurse educators' additional qualifications, long-service experiences and rural allowance reviews in nursing education should be taken into consideration urgently.

  14. [Management of technology and its influence on nursing care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacios-Ceña, Domingo

    2007-01-01

    Currently, much nursing care adheres to a specific biomedical paradigm within the positivist framework. However, sometimes nursing care cannot be adapted to numerous human or vital conditions affecting our patients, their families or the environment in which nurses work. An specific example of these nursing interventions are those applied in intensive care units (ICU) where there is a large amount of technology and nursing care is specialized. Several questions that arise are whether the above-mentioned specialization is inherent to nurse care, whether technology management forms part of nursing care, whether this care has a non-nursing origin, and what is the source of nursing knowledge. The present article aims to provide basic knowledge to distinguish the nursing care performed in the ICU within the 2 predominant paradigms in current nursing: the biomedical and the holistic paradigms. The characteristics of nursing care in both paradigms are described and an integrated vision of these 2 paradigms and of nursing care with and without the use of technology is provided.

  15. Swedish district nurses' attitudes to implement information and communication technology in home nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Carina; Skär, Lisa; Söderberg, Siv

    2008-01-01

    The use of information and communication technology has increased in the society, and can be useful in nursing care. The aim of this study was to describe district nurses' attitudes regarding the implementation of information and communication technology in home nursing. The first and third authors performed five focus group discussions with 19 district nurses' from five primary healthcare centres in northern Sweden. During the focus group discussions, the following topics were discussed: the current and future use of information and communication technology in home nursing; expectations, advantages, disadvantages and hindrances in the use of information and communication technology in home nursing; and the use of information and communication technology from an ethical perspective. The transcribed focus group discussions were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The results showed that district nurses' attitudes were positive regarding the use of information and communication technology in their work. They also asked for possibilities to influence the design and its introduction. However, the use of information and communication technology in home nursing can be described as a complement to communication that could not replace human physical encounters. Improvements and risks, as well as the importance of physical presence in home nursing were considered vital. The results revealed that the use of information and communication technology requires changes in the district nurses' work situation.

  16. Emotional contagion, empathic concern and communicative responsiveness as variables affecting nurses' stress and occupational commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omdahl, B L; O'Donnell, C

    1999-06-01

    Based on data gathered from registered nurses at two hospitals, this research examined the extent to which empathy variables contributed to nursing stress and occupational commitment. The empathy variables examined were emotional contagion (i.e. sharing the emotions of patients), empathic concern (i.e. being concerned for patients) and communicative effectiveness (i.e. effectively communicating with patients and their families). Nursing stress was explored through the variables of depersonalization, reduced personal accomplishment and emotional exhaustion. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the combination of the three emotional communication variables explained significant proportions of the variance in all three of the stress variables, as well as occupational commitment. The analyses further revealed that a lack of empathic concern and poor communicative responsiveness accounted for significant proportions of the variance in depersonalization. Lack of empathic concern, poor communicative responsiveness and high emotional contagion significantly contributed to reduced personal accomplishment. Emotional contagion explained a significant proportion of the variance in emotional exhaustion. Emotional contagion also significantly reduced occupational commitment. The findings are discussed in terms of nursing education and administration.

  17. The association of Nursing Home Compare quality measures with market competition and occupancy rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castle, Nicholas G; Liu, Darren; Engberg, John

    2008-01-01

    Since 2002, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have reported quality measures on the Nursing Home Compare Web site. It has been assumed that nursing homes are able to make improvements on these measures. In this study researchers examined nursing homes to see whether they have improved their quality scores, after accounting for regression to the mean. Researchers also examined whether gains varied according to market competition or market occupancy rates. They identified some regression to the mean for the quality measure scores over time; nevertheless, they also determined that some nursing homes had indeed made small improvements in their quality measure scores. As would be predicted based on the market-driven mechanism underlying quality improvements using report cards, the greatest improvements occurred in the most competitive markets and in those with the Lowest average occupancy rates. As policies to promote more competition in Long-term care proceed, further reducing occupancy rates, further, albeit small, quality gains will likely be made in the future.

  18. Identifying information technology competencies needed in Singapore nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yee, Chia Choon

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify Singapore's healthcare industry's minimum information technology (IT) performance standard expectations for nurses' competencies. A needs assessment was conducted with a panel representing nursing education, nursing management and nursing practice. The findings in this study would provide suggestions to improve the current diploma and advanced diploma nursing programs curricula to meet the present workforce demands. The experts agreed that information technology is necessary and there were two main categories of IT skills identified, basic IT skills and work-related IT skills.

  19. Occupational stress, sense of coherence, coping, burnout and work engagement of registered nurses in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna J. van der Colff

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the occupational stress, sense of coherence, coping, burnout and work engagement of registered nurses in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The study population consisted of 818 registered nurses. The Nursing Stress Inventory, the Orientation to Life Questionnaire, the COPE, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were administered. The results show that the experience of depletion of emotional resources and feelings of depersonalisation by registered nurses were associated with stress due to job demands and a lack of organisational support, focus on and ventilation of emotions as a coping strategy, and a weak sense of coherence. Work engagement was predicted by a strong sense of coherence and approach-coping strategies.

  20. Effect of information and communication technology on nursing performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujino, Yuriko; Kawamoto, Rieko

    2013-05-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of information and communication technology use and skills on nursing performance. Questionnaires were prepared relating to using the technology, practical skills in utilizing information, the Six-Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance, and demographics. In all, 556 nurses took part (response rate, 72.6%). A two-way analysis of variance was used to determine the influence of years of nursing experience on the relationship between nursing performance and information and communication technology use. The results showed that the group possessing high technological skills had greater nursing ability than the group with low skills; the level of nursing performance improved with years of experience in the former group, but not in the latter group. Regarding information and communication technology use, the results showed that nursing performance improved among participants who used computers for sending and receiving e-mails, but it decreased for those who used cell phones for e-mail. The results suggest that nursing performance may be negatively affected if information and communication technology are inappropriately used. Informatics education should therefore be provided for all nurses, and it should include information use relating to cell phones and computers.

  1. Advancing Information and Communication Technology Knowledge for Undergraduate Nursing Students

    OpenAIRE

    Procter, Paula M.

    2012-01-01

    Nursing is a dynamic profession; for registered nurses their role is increasingly requiring greater information process understanding and the effective management of information to ensure high quality safe patient care. This paper outlines the design and implementation of Systems of eCare. This is a course which advances information and communication technology knowledge for undergraduate nursing students within a Faculty of Health and Wellbeing appropriately preparing nurses for their profes...

  2. [Relationship between occupational stress, recovery experience, and physiological health of nurses in a municipal grade A tertiary hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, L; Zhang, C L; Yang, T; Lan, Y J

    2017-06-20

    Objective: To examine the relationship between recovery experience, occupational stress, and physiological health of nurses in a municipal grade A tertiary hospital. Methods: A total of 296 in-service nurses from 7 municipal grade A tertiary hospitals were selected from October 2015 to February 2016. Individual characteristics of the subjects were collected using a self-made questionnaire. The recovery experience, occupational stress, and physiological health of the subjects were assessed based on the physiological health dimensions in the Chinese version of Recovery Experience Questionnaire (REQ-C) , Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) , and Quality of Work Life (QWL7-32) . Results: The mean recovery experience score of nurses from the municipal grade A tertiary hospital was 45.04±7.72, and 51.35% of the nurses had satisfactory recovery experience. Occupational stress was identified in 81.76% of the nurses. Based on the four categories of occupational stress, 65 nurses were identified with high-strain jobs (21.95%) , 56 with relaxed (low-strain) jobs (18.92%) , 49 with passive jobs (16.55%) , and 126 with active jobs (42.57%) . In addition, the mean physiological health score of the nurses was 21.20±4.24. Physiological health was negatively correlated with occupational stress (r=-0.173, Pexperience (r=0.198, Pexperience was negatively correlated with occupational stress (r=-0.116, Pexperience (F=2.610, Pexperience, and poorer physiological health.

  3. Evaluation of the relationship between musculoskeletal discomforts and occupational stressors among nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamran Azma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Stress in nurses may increase the prevalence of musculoskeletal discomforts. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal discomforts and job stress among nurses and to investigate the association between musculoskeletal discomforts and occupational stressors. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 144 nurses in one of the main referral hospitals of Tehran-Iran were randomly selected and studied. Data were collected by HSE job stress questionnaire and The Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire through interviews with nurses in their workplace. Results: Most reported musculoskeletal discomforts localized in the neck, back, knee and shoulder and the minimal discomforts were in wrist and elbow. On the other hand, stressors such as demand, changes in workplace, control and responsibilities had significant effect on increasing musculoskeletal discomforts of organs such as neck, shoulders and back (P < 0.001. Conclusion: There was a significant association between stressors such as demand, control, responsibilities and changes in workplace and reported musculoskeletal disorders, especially in neck, shoulders and back. It is suggested to use defined programs for management and control of stressors to control occupational stress in nurses. Moreover, prevention of musculoskeletal discomforts due to their high prevalence in the study population is important.

  4. Information technologies and the transformation of nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skiba, Diane J; Connors, Helen R; Jeffries, Pamela R

    2008-01-01

    Higher education is facing new challenges with the emergence of the Internet and other information and communication technologies. The call for the transformation of higher education is imperative. This article describes the transformation of higher education and its impact on nursing education. Nursing education, considered by many a pioneer in the use of educational technologies, still faces 3 major challenges. The first challenge is incorporation of the Institute of Medicine's recommendation of 5 core competencies for all health professionals. The second challenge focuses on the preparation of nurses to practice in informatics-intensive healthcare environments. The last challenge is the use of emerging technologies, such as Web 2.0 tools, that will help to bridge the gap between the next generation and faculty in nursing schools. Nurse educators need to understand and use the power of technologies to prepare the next generation of nurses.

  5. Registered Nurse (Associate Degree).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

    This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of registered nurse (with an associate degree), lists technical competencies and competency builders for 19 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general and 5 units specific to the occupation of registered nurse. The following…

  6. [Prevalence and risk factors of occupational low back pain in ICU nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jing; He, Zhong; Wang, Sheng

    2007-08-01

    To explore the prevalence of occupational low back pain (OLBP) and assess work-related risk factors in ICU nurses. Forty hundred seventy-seven ICU nurses of study group and nurses working in other wards (control group) of the same comprehensive hospital were investigated using OLBP Investigation Questionnaire for nurses. Working postures and related work activities were evaluated by using the Win OWAS software and the compressive force (Fc) of the disc between L5 and S1 was calculated by using the Bless Pro software and sampling was taken by digital camera in ICU ward of one hospital. The prevalence of OLBP (87%), frequency of OLBP (48%=1 per month) and OLBP related work-absence (7%) of the ICU nurses were significantly higher than the control group (64%, 32% and 2%, respectively). The frequency of harmful postures occurred during working tasks of observing drainage, lifting and transferring patients in bed, injection, suctioning and adjusting drip were 99%, 90%, 75%, 75% and 6%, respectively. The ratios of Fc of adjusting drip rate (taken as 100), suctioning, injection, observing drainage and lifting and transferring patients in bed were 100:155:199:301:418. Prevalence of OLBP in ICU nurses is high. High frequency of bending and twisting, transferring patients in bed are the main causes of OLBP in ICU nurses.

  7. Occupational hand eczema among nursing staffs in Korea: Self-reported hand eczema and contact sensitization of hospital nursing staffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang W; Cheong, Seung H; Byun, Ji Y; Choi, You W; Choi, Hae Y

    2013-03-01

    Occupational hand eczema is frequent in hospital workers, especially in nurses. A comprehensive understanding regarding hand eczema is essential for establishing proper prevention and treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for hand eczema in hospital nursing staffs. A self-administered questionnaire study was performed on hospital nursing staffs at a single general hospital in Korea. In addition, 70 patients with hand eczema underwent patch testing. Five hundred and twenty-five of 700 invited nurses completed the study (response rate, 75.0%). The overall frequency of symptom-based hand eczema was 75.6%, and self-reported hand eczema was 31.0%. Risk factors for hand eczema were young age, history of atopic dermatitis, frequent hand washing (>20 times/day) and long duration of glove wearing (>5 min). Hand eczema was less frequent among frequent hand moisturizer users (>3-4 times/day). Positive patch test reactions were observed in 61.4%. Frequent allergens were nickel sulfate (35.7%), cobalt chloride (28.6%) and thiomersal (21.4%). Among various antibiotics, ciprofloxacin (11.4%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (11.4%) and gentamicin (7.1%) were revealed as common allergens, in order of frequency. Hand eczema is quite common among hospital nursing staffs. Proper preventive programs and educations are demanded.

  8. How can radio frequency identification technology impact nursing practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingsley, Luanne; Wyld, David

    2014-12-01

    Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology can save nurses time, improve quality of care, en hance patient and staff safety, and decrease costs. However, without a better understanding of these systems and their benefits to patients and hospitals, nurses may be slower to recommend, implement, or adopt RFID technology into practice.

  9. Nurse occupational burnout and patient-rated quality of care: The boundary conditions of emotional intelligence and demographic profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Minston; Shih, Chih-Ting; Hsu, Shu-Fen

    2016-01-01

    Most previous studies on the relationship between occupational burnout and the quality of care among nurses have used self-reported data on the quality of care from nurses, thus rendering evaluating the relationship between burnout and the quality of care difficult. Hospitals increasingly hire contract nurses and high turnover rates remain a concern. Little is known about whether nurses' emotional intelligence and demographic factors such as contract status, tenure, and marital status affect the quality of care when burnout occurs. This study investigated the relationship between burnout and patient-rated quality of care and investigated the moderating role of emotional intelligence and demographic variables. Hierarchical moderated regression was used to analyze 98 sets of paired data obtained from nurses and their patients at a teaching hospital in northern Taiwan. The results suggest that occupational burnout has a less unfavorable effect on the quality of care from permanent, married, and senior nurses. Nursing management should pay particular attention to retaining permanent, married, and senior nurses. To ensure a sustainable nursing workforce in the future, newly graduated registered nurses should have access to permanent positions and opportunities for long-term professional development. In addition, married nurses should be provided with flexible work-family arrangements to ensure their satisfaction in the nursing profession. © 2015 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  10. Social and occupational engagement of staff in two Irish nursing homes for people with dementia

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Morgan-Brown, M

    2011-01-01

    This observational study evaluated the amounts of social and occupational engagement of staff (nurses, care workers, activity coordinators) in two traditional style Irish residential nursing homes for people with dementia. A snapshot observational technique was used to obtain daily quantitative data. Approximately 65% of the time that staff were in communal sitting rooms during the observational periods was spent in work and care tasks, with approximately 25% of the time spent in social engagement and 10% spent in interactive occupational activities with the residents. Staff were absent from the room for over one-third of the observed time. Environmental and operational observations are discussed using narrative descriptions to give a context to the quantitative outcome measures.

  11. Strategies used by nursing technicians to face the occupational suffering in an emergency unit

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    Alessandra Bassalobre Garcia

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to understand the strategies used by nursing technicians in order to face the occupational suffering in an emergency room. Methods: qualitative study carried out in an emergency room of a high complexity hospital located in the north of Paraná state. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 12 nursing technicians. The analysis relied on content analysis procedures. Results: respondents revealed as individual strategies to face suffering: try not to get involved with the patient; separation between professional and personal life; and spirituality/religion as support for coping. The collective strategies described by respondents included: action planning for unexpected events in this unit; creating a supportive environment; and attempt to obtain recognition of headship. Conclusion: individual and collective strategies were used consciously by workers and should be encouraged by managers to face the occupational suffering.

  12. Cross-sectional associations between occupational factors and musculoskeletal pain in women teachers, nurses and sonographers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidsson, Inger; Gremark Simonsen, Jenny; Dahlqvist, Camilla; Axmon, Anna; Karlson, Björn; Björk, Jonas; Nordander, Catarina

    2016-01-18

    It is usually assumed that musculoskeletal pain is associated with both the physical workload and the psychosocial work environment, as well as with personal and lifestyle factors. This study aims to ascertain the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in women with varying or different occupational exposures, and to explore the associations between musculoskeletal pain and the occupational and personal factors. A questionnaire on physical, psychosocial and individual factors was answered by 1591 women in five occupational groups with contrasting occupational exposures (teachers, anaesthetic, theatre, and assistant nurses, and sonographers). The outcome measure was musculoskeletal pain (in a new model based on frequency and intensity of complaints the preceding year) from the neck, shoulders, hands, lower back and feet. Neck pain was equally frequent among teachers, assistant nurses and sonographers, and less frequent in anaesthetic and theatre nurses. The sonographers experienced the highest prevalence of shoulder pain, while the assistant nurses were the most affected in the wrists and hands, lower back, and feet. The teachers reported the highest scores in most of the psychosocial dimensions. The theatre nurses scored highest in strenuous work postures and movements (mechanical exposure index, MEI), and the assistant nurses in physical activity and lifting (physical exposure index, PHYI). Multivariable models in the total population showed that both the physical workload and the psychosocial work environment were associated with pain in all body regions, though different factors affected different regions. Pain in the neck, shoulders, hands and lower back was strongly associated with a high MEI and high job demands, while pain in the feet was associated with a high PHYI and a high BMI. A young age was associated with pain in the neck, and an older age was associated with pain in the hands and feet. Lack of time for personal recovery was associated with pain in the

  13. The integration of Information and Communication Technology into nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupiáñez-Villanueva, Francisco; Hardey, Michael; Torrent, Joan; Ficapal, Pilar

    2011-02-01

    To identify and characterise different profiles of nurses' utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and the Internet and to identify factors that can enhance or inhibit the use of these technologies within nursing. An online survey of the 13,588 members of the Nurses Association of Barcelona who had a registered email account in 2006 was carried out. Factor analysis, cluster analysis and binomial logit model was undertaken. Although most of the nurses (76.70%) are utilizing the Internet within their daily work, multivariate statistics analysis revealed two profiles of the adoption of ICT. The first profile (4.58%) represents those nurses who value ICT and the Internet so that it forms an integral part of their practice. This group is thus referred to as 'integrated nurses'. The second profile (95.42%) represents those nurses who place less emphasis on ICT and the Internet and are consequently labelled 'non-integrated nurses'. From the statistical modelling, it was observed that undertaking research activities an emphasis on international information and a belief that health information available on the Internet was 'very relevant' play a positive and significant role in the probability of being an integrated nurse. The emerging world of the 'integrated nurse' cannot be adequately understood without examining how nurses make use of ICT and the Internet within nursing practice and the way this is shaped by institutional, technical and professional opportunities and constraints. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Posttraumatic stress disorder in reserve veterans: important reintegration considerations for the occupational health nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Lynn A; Burns, Candace

    2015-01-01

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious mental health concern for returning U.S. military personnel who have a higher prevalence rate of PTSD than the general population. Among the military population, reserve service members are at increased risk of developing PTSD compared with full-time active duty service members mainly due to difficulty reintegrating into civilian life. Understanding the social risk factors along with the protective effects social support has on PTSD in veterans will provide occupational health professionals the opportunity to support reserve veterans with adjustment into post-deployment life. This literature review examines PTSD in reserve veterans, with a focus on occupational factors, social factors, guideline recommendations, available resources, as well as provides suggestions for occupational health nurses caring for reserve veterans returning to the workplace.

  15. Occupational stress and the industry in which the nurses of the hospital network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Maria de França

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to evaluate chronic occupational stress known as burnout syndrome among nurses from two hospitals midsize Caceres - MT, and know the business areas of the hospital network where professionals are most affected. It is a cross-sectional epidemiological study with a quantitative approach. The study sample consisted of 141 nurses belonging to the three hierarchical levels: nursing assistant, nurse and nurse. As an instrument used was a questionnaire for the survey of the socio-demographic and labor, plus the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. The results show that of 141 professionals, 13 (9.58% are in a state of burnout. A higher incidence of the syndrome among professionals stationed in the administrative sector (40.0% compared to the open sector (6.97% and closed (2.85%. Statistically significant difference between the administrative sectors open X (ρ = 0, 01 and closed the administrative sector X (ρ = 0, 039. Therefore, it is essential to reflect and develop new studies on this topic to better understand the factors that contribute to the health-disease process, the nursing staff in hospitals.

  16. The Influence of Emotional Labour and Emotional Work on the Occupational Health and Wellbeing of South Australian Hospital Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisaniello, Sandra L.; Winefield, Helen R.; Delfabbro, Paul H.

    2012-01-01

    Nursing is an emotionally complex occupation, requiring performance of both emotional labour (for the benefit of the organisation and professional role) and emotional work (for the benefit of the nurse-patient relationship). According to the Conservation of Resources Theory, such processes can have a significant effect on psychological wellbeing…

  17. Occupational back pain among rehabilitation nurses in Saudi Arabia: the influence of knowledge and awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Eisa, Einas; Al-Abbad, Hani

    2013-09-01

    Occupational low back pain among nurses has been the subject of research studies worldwide. However, evidence of the influence of nurses' awareness of safe handling practices and compliance with standard guidelines on low back pain remains scarce. This study examined the association between occupational low back pain and level of awareness of back care, and described the self-reported nature of low back pain in relation to organizational policies among nurses in Saudi Arabia. A total of 155 nurses working in a rehabilitation hospital participated in the study. The lack of a patient handling policy at the workplace was identified as a significant risk factor for the development of low back pain, whereas exercising regularly was a protective factor. Not only mechanical exposure but also organizational factors and level of awareness were related to the development of low back pain. This study highlights the need to develop institutional plans for injury reporting, and provides evidence of the importance of incorporating awareness as part of prevention strategies. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. 论护理的职业心态%On Occupational Psychology of Nursing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宸宇

    2015-01-01

    随着社会的发展和文明的进步,我国的医疗模式发生了转变,因此更加注重“以人为本”的思想理念。如何成为一名护士,特别是一名优秀的护士,除了要掌握精湛的医术以外,更应该具备一流的心理素质,以提高护理质量。本文论述医疗过程中护士职业当前的现状及原因分析,所应该具备的职业心态和引导护士职业心态的对策建议。%With the development of society and the progress of civilization, China's mode of medical care has been changed, paying more attention to the"people-oriented"thought and con-cept. As a nurse, especially an excellent one, one should not only have exquisite medical skills, but also possess superb psycholog-ical quality, in order to improve the quality of nursing. This paper analyzes the current situation of nurses in medical process and its causes, as well as the occupational psychology they should pos-sess, and it also proposes countermeasures and suggestions to guide the occupational psychology of nurses.

  19. A National Study on Nurses' Exposure to Occupational Violence in Lebanon: Prevalence, Consequences and Associated Factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Alameddine

    Full Text Available Healthcare institutions have commonly reported exposure of employees, particularly nurses, to high levels of occupational violence. Despite such evidence in the Middle East Region, there is a dearth of national studies that have systematically investigated this phenomenon. This study investigates the prevalence, characteristics, consequences and factors associated with nurses' exposure to occupational violence in Lebanon.A cross-sectional design was utilized to survey a nationally representative sample of 915 nurses registered with the Order of Nurses in Lebanon. Stratified random sampling by governorate was utilized. Individually-mailed questionnaires collected information on exposure to violence, degree of burnout and demographic/professional background. The main outcome variables were exposure to verbal abuse (never, 1-3, 4-9 and 10+ times and physical violence (never, ever over the past 12-months. Descriptive statistics were used to estimate prevalence of violence. Multivariable, binomial and multinomial regression models were carried out to investigate the correlates of exposure to verbal abuse and physical violence, respectively.Response rate was 64.8%. Over the last year, prevalence of nurses' exposure to verbal abuse was 62%, (CI: 58-65% and physical violence was 10%, (CI: 8-13%. Among respondents, 31.7% of nurses indicated likelihood to quit their jobs and 22.3% were undetermined. Furthermore, 54.1% reported high levels of emotional exhaustion and 28.8% reported high levels of depersonalization. Compared to nurses with no exposure to verbal abuse, nurses reporting high exposure had high levels of emotional exhaustion (OR:6.4; CI:1.76-23.32, depersonalization (OR:6.8; CI: 3-15 and intention to quit job (OR:3.9; CI: 1.8-8.3. They further reported absence of anti-violence policies at their institutions (OR: 3; CI: 1.5-6.3. Nurses that were ever exposed to physical violence were more likely to be males (OR: 2.2; CI: 1.1-4.3, working day and

  20. Accidental occupational exposure of intravenous nurses to human immunodeficiency virus. Anticipating the consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meisenhelder, J B

    1998-01-01

    This descriptive study randomly surveyed all 302 Massachusetts members of the Intravenous Nurses Society in 1991 regarding their perceptions of nine possible consequences of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection caused by accidental occupational exposure. Areas of highest concern were financial: adequacy of worker's compensation, ability of the employer to cover all healthcare costs, and job security. Nurses also were concerned about confidentiality of their HIV status and personal history jeopardizing their benefits. The i.v. nurses felt most secure in areas of their personal lives: housing and support of family and friends. Although some concerns correlated significantly with fear of contagion, others were unrelated, indicating a need for policy and attitude changes to promote comfort in working with HIV.

  1. Computer literacy in nursing: developing the information technology syllabus in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saranto, K; Leino-Kilpi, H

    1997-02-01

    This study has two main purposes: first, to identify and describe the computer skills required in nursing; and second, to find out what should be taught about information technology in nursing education. A three-round Delphi survey was carried out with a panel of experts representing nursing practice, nursing education, nurse students and consumers. The panel showed a consensus of opinion on 71% of the items included in the questionnaire designed for the study. The experts agreed that nurses must know how to use the computer for word-processing purposes, for accessing and using the hospital information system, and for e-mailing. Nurses must also be aware of system security and show a positive attitude towards computers. It is concluded that hospital information systems and nursing informatics should be integrated into laboratory and hospital training.

  2. The association between rotating shift work and increased occupational stress in nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Pei-Chen; Chen, Chung-Hey; Pan, Shung-Mei; Chen, Yao-Mei; Pan, Chih-Hong; Hung, Hsin-Chia; Wu, Ming-Tsang

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether rotating shift work increases occupational stress in nurses. This study measured shift work scheduling and occupational stress by using the Effort-Reward Imbalance model with self-reported questionnaires in a sample of 654 female nurses. Overcommitment risk was higher in nurses who worked rotating shifts than in those who worked day/non-night shifts (OR, 2.16; 95% CI, 1.03-4.66). However, an effort/reward imbalance was not directly associated with work schedules (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 0.87-4.35). Among nurses working rotation rotating shifts, those who had 2 days off after their most recent night shifts showed an alleviated risk of overcommitment (OR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.32-0.82), but those who had worked for at least one series of 7 consecutive work days per month had an increased risk of effort/reward imbalance (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.69-4.48). Additionally, those who had little or no participation in planning working hours and shift scheduling and worked overtime at least three times per week during the preceding 2 months tended to have high stress. The nurses who worked rotating shifts tended to experience work-related stress, but their stress levels improved if they had at least 2 days off after their most recent night shift and if they were not scheduled to work 7 consecutive days. These empirical data can be used to optimize work schedules for nurses to alleviate work stress.

  3. The use of mobile computational technology in the nursing process: a new challenge for Brazilian nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperandio, Dircelene Jussara; Evora, Yolanda Dora Martinez

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the use a hand-mobile device with integrated wireless network interface to help nurses document the nursing process. The system is structured in five modules allowing the nurses to access and document data related to vital signals, hydroelectrolytic balance, assessment and nursing prescription at the point-of-care with transmission of data in real time. The results demonstrated that the mobile computer technology provided mobility for nurses and facilitated communication and documentation of care. In addition, real time documentation proved to be more efficient than a manual documentation system.

  4. Incidência de LER/DORT em trabalhadores de enfermagem = Incidence of occupational disorders in nursing workers

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    Aparecida de Faria Gil Rosa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available As LER/DORT estão relacionadas às mudanças em curso na organização dotrabalho e às inovações tecnológicas resultantes da reestruturação produtiva. O trabalho de enfermagem, por suas características, acaba por provocar lesões físicas relacionadas ao trabalho, muitas vezes irreversíveis. Este estudo analisa a produção científica sobre aLER/DORT em trabalhadores de enfermagem. A amostra foi composta por 14 artigos que abordavam as LER/DORT na saúde do profissional de enfermagem indexados nas bases de dados Medline, Scielo e Lilacs, no período de 1996 a 2006, publicados em periódicos nacionaise internacionais. Conclui-se que maior atenção deve ser direcionada às posturas adotadas pelos trabalhadores na execução das atividades laborais, além de mobiliários adequados às execuções das tarefas, bem como se faz necessário disponibilizar instrumentos e equipamentos ergonomicamente idealizados, visando a redução da incidência das doenças relacionadas ao trabalho.Occupational disorders are connected to changes in work organization and to technological innovations caused by a restructuring of the production process. The Nursing profession, by nature, canlead to work-related physical lesions, some of which can be irreversible. This study analyzes scientific literature on the subject of occupational disorders in nursing professionals. Thesample was composed of 14 articles that discuss the effects of these disorders on the health of nursing professionals. It aims to detect the main problems associated with nursing according to the Medline, Scielo and Lilacs databases, from 1996 to 2006, published innational and international annals. Evidence has demonstrated that attention must be paid to the nurses’ posture while they work, as well as to provide adequate furniture; additionally, it is necessary to ergonomically appropriate instruments and equipment, in order to reduce the incidence of occupational disorders.

  5. Research on Relationship Between Occupational Burnout and Occupational Stress Among Nurses%护士职业倦怠与职业紧张的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阳; 马磊; 隋国媛; 王烈

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between occupational burnout and occupational stress and to explore the factors influencing occupational burnout among hospital nurses. Methods With stratified cluster sampling method, the nurses selected from third - level grade A hospitals of Liaoning Province were surveyed by questionnaires. T- test, one - way ANOVA, and Logistic regression analyses were performed to explore the influencing factors of occupational burnout. Results Univariate analysis showed that the nurses' occupational burnout was significantly influenced by age, marital status, night shift, working time per week and the relationship between nurses and patients. Logistic regression analysis showed that effort - reward was positively associated with emotional exhaustion and cynicism (P<0.001). The higher level of occupational stress the nurses experienced, the higher level of emotional exhaustion and cynicism the nurses had. As for personal accomplishment, only the nurses with high occupational stress (high - effort/low - reward) had significantly lower scores compared to the nurses with low occupational stress (low - effort/high - reward), (P<0.001). Conclusions Occupational stress, age, night shift and the relationship between nurses and patients are the important factors influencing occupational burnout among the nurses. Hospital administrators should make more scientific human resource management policies to prevent or decrease the nurses' occupational burnout based on the findings of this study.%目的 探讨护士职业倦怠与职业紧张的关系及职业倦怠的影响因素. 方法 采用整群抽样的方法对辽宁省三级甲等医院的护士进行问卷调查.应用T检验、单因素方差分析、Logistic回归分析护士职业倦怠的影响因素.结果 单因素分析结果显示年龄、婚姻状况、夜班、每周工作时间、护患关系均对护士的职业倦怠有影响.Logistic回归分析结果显示付出-回报与职业倦

  6. Trappings of technology: casting palliative care nursing as legal relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Ann-Claire

    2012-12-01

    Community palliative care nurses in Perth have joined the throng of healthcare workers relying on personal digital assistants (PDAs) to store, access and send client information in 'real time'. This paper is guided by Heidegger's approach to technologies and Habermas' insights into the role of law in administering social welfare programs to reveal how new ethical and legal understandings regarding patient information add to nursing's professional responsibilities. This qualitative research interprets data from interviews with twenty community palliative care nurses about clients' legal rights to informational privacy and confidentiality. It explores nurses' views of their nursing responsibilities regarding clients' legal rights, liability issues, bureaucratic monitoring and enforcement procedures. It concludes that nurses and clients are construed as legal subjects entrenched in legal relations that have magnified since these nurses began using PDAs in 2005/2006. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  7. Using problem-based learning for occupational and environmental health nursing education: pesticide exposures among migrant agricultural workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivicek, Kristy; de Castro, A B; Salazar, Mary K; Murphy, Helen H; Keifer, Matthew

    2011-03-01

    Problem-based learning, which emphasizes group collaboration to solve real-world case scenarios, is an instructional approach that is well suited to occupational and environmental health nursing education. Learners actively work through case studies rather than passively receive information presented through lectures. Problem-based learning methods promote critical thinking skills and motivate learning, preparing learners for professional practice in complex, ever-changing environments. Despite these advantages, problem-based learning is under-utilized in nursing education compared to more traditional lecture methods. This article presents key concepts of problem-based learning, discusses problem-based learning in educating occupational and environmental health nurses, and describes the development of a problem-based learning case aimed at increasing occupational and environmental health nurses capacity to address pesticide exposure among migrant and seasonal agricultural workers.

  8. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: a questionnaire survey of nurse-users

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    Bekkema Nienke

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of determinants influencing the success of the introduction of new technologies as perceived by nursing staff. Methods The study population is a nationally representative research sample of nursing staff (further referred to as the Nursing Staff Panel, of whom 685 (67% completed a survey questionnaire about their experiences with recently introduced technologies. Participants were working in Dutch hospitals, psychiatric organizations, care organizations for mentally disabled people, home care organizations, nursing homes or homes for the elderly. Results Half of the respondents were confronted with the introduction of a new technology in the last three years. Only half of these rated the introduction of the technology as positive. The factors most frequently mentioned as impeding actual use were related to the (kind of technology itself, such as malfunctioning, ease of use, relevance for patients, and risks to patients. Furthermore nursing staff stress the importance of an adequate innovation strategy. Conclusions A prerequisite for the successful introduction of new technologies is to analyse determinants that may impede or enhance the introduction among potential users. For technological innovations special attention has to be paid to the (perceived characteristics of the technology itself.

  9. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: a questionnaire survey of nurse-users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Veer, Anke J E; Fleuren, Margot A H; Bekkema, Nienke; Francke, Anneke L

    2011-10-27

    A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of determinants influencing the success of the introduction of new technologies as perceived by nursing staff. The study population is a nationally representative research sample of nursing staff (further referred to as the Nursing Staff Panel), of whom 685 (67%) completed a survey questionnaire about their experiences with recently introduced technologies. Participants were working in Dutch hospitals, psychiatric organizations, care organizations for mentally disabled people, home care organizations, nursing homes or homes for the elderly. Half of the respondents were confronted with the introduction of a new technology in the last three years. Only half of these rated the introduction of the technology as positive.The factors most frequently mentioned as impeding actual use were related to the (kind of) technology itself, such as malfunctioning, ease of use, relevance for patients, and risks to patients. Furthermore nursing staff stress the importance of an adequate innovation strategy. A prerequisite for the successful introduction of new technologies is to analyse determinants that may impede or enhance the introduction among potential users. For technological innovations special attention has to be paid to the (perceived) characteristics of the technology itself.

  10. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: a questionnaire survey of nurse-users.

    OpenAIRE

    Bekkema Nienke; Fleuren Margot AH; de Veer Anke JE; Francke Anneke L

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better understanding of determinants influencing the success of the introduction of new technologies as perceived by nursing staff. Methods The study population is a nationally representative resear...

  11. Burnout during nursing education predicts lower occupational preparedness and future clinical performance: a longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudman, Ann; Gustavsson, J Petter

    2012-08-01

    Early-career burnout among nurses can influence health and professional development, as well as quality of care. However, the prospective occupational consequences of study burnout have not previously been investigated in a national sample using a longitudinal design. To prospectively monitor study burnout for a national sample of nursing students during their years in higher education and at follow-up 1 year post graduation. Further, to relate the possible development of study burnout to prospective health and life outcomes, as well as student and occupational outcomes. A longitudinal cohort of Swedish nursing students (within the population-based LANE (Longitudinal Analysis of Nursing Education/Entry) study) from all sites of education in Sweden was surveyed annually. Data were collected at four points in time over 4 years: three times during higher education and 1 year post graduation. : A longitudinal sample of 1702 respondents was prospectively followed from late autumn 2002 to spring 2006. Mean level changes of study burnout (as measured by the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, i.e. the Exhaustion and Disengagement subscales) across time, as well as prospective effects of baseline study burnout and changes in study burnout levels, were estimated using Latent Growth Curve Modeling. An increase in study burnout (from 30% to 41%) across 3 years in higher education was found, and levels of both Exhaustion and Disengagement increased significantly across the years in education (pburnout, predicted lower levels of in-class learner engagement and occupational preparedness in the final year. At follow-up 1 year post graduation, earlier development of study burnout was related to lower mastery of occupational tasks, less research utilization in everyday clinical practice and higher turnover intentions. The results suggest that study burnout may have interfered with learning and psychological well-being. Aspects related to work skills and intention to leave the profession

  12. Cogitation on Occupational Stress and Social Support among Hospital Nurses: a Case Study of Zanjan Province, Iran

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    Samira Jafari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite extensive research on stress among hospital nurses, the important effects of support and stress on care quality are not yet well established. Similar to other jobs, nurses face stress in their routine working day. The relationship between occupational stress, social support and factors relating to each of them, among Iranian nurses are attempted to correlate. This cross-sectional analytical-descriptive study was carried out in 2013 in Zanjan province where 248 nurses filled the given questionnaires including Demographic data, Work Factors, Nursing Stress Scale, and Social Integration Scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.00. In our study, we found that the stress and social support were significantly correlated. Our findings revealed a significant relation between social supports and occupational stress in nurses. Conclusively, support from supervisors and coworkers can help control nurses’ stress. In addition, both social support and occupational stress are related to three major components: job satisfaction, job security and others' attitude towards nursing. Therefore, creating a positive attitude towards nursing in society, and a suitable working environment for them is a way to increase their efficiency.

  13. Nurses' experiences using a nursing information system: early stage of technology implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ting-Ting

    2007-01-01

    Adoption of information technology in nursing practice has become a trend in healthcare. The impact of this technology on users has been widely studied, but little attention has been given to its influence at the beginning stage of implementation. Knowing the barriers to adopting technology could shorten this transition stage and minimize its negative influences. The purpose of this study was to explore nurses' experiences in the early stage of implementing a nursing information system. Focus groups were used to collect data at a medical center in Taiwan. The results showed that nurses had problems with the system's content design, had insufficient training, were concerned about data security, were stressed by added work, and experienced poor interdisciplinary cooperation. To smooth this beginning stage, the author recommends involving nurses early in the system design, providing sufficient training in keyboard entry skills, redesigning workflow, and improving interdisciplinary communication.

  14. Occupational Stress Management and Burnout Interventions in Nursing and Their Implications for Healthy Work Environments: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowrouzi, Behdin; Lightfoot, Nancy; Larivière, Michael; Carter, Lorraine; Rukholm, Ellen; Schinke, Robert; Belanger-Gardner, Diane

    2015-07-01

    This article reports on a literature review of workplace interventions (i.e., creating healthy work environments and improving nurses' quality of work life [QWL]) aimed at managing occupational stress and burnout for nurses. A literature search was conducted using the keywords nursing, nurses, stress, distress, stress management, burnout, and intervention. All the intervention studies included in this review reported on workplace intervention strategies, mainly individual stress management and burnout interventions. Recommendations are provided to improve nurses' QWL in health care organizations through workplace health promotion programs so that nurses can be recruited and retained in rural and northern regions of Ontario. These regions have unique human resources needs due to the shortage of nurses working in primary care. © 2015 The Author(s).

  15. Advancing information and communication technology knowledge for undergraduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Procter, Paula M

    2012-01-01

    Nursing is a dynamic profession; for registered nurses their role is increasingly requiring greater information process understanding and the effective management of information to ensure high quality safe patient care. This paper outlines the design and implementation of Systems of eCare. This is a course which advances information and communication technology knowledge for undergraduate nursing students within a Faculty of Health and Wellbeing appropriately preparing nurses for their professional careers. Systems of eCare entwines throughout the three year programme mapping to the curriculum giving meaning to learning for the student. In conclusion comments from students convey their appreciation of the provision of this element of the undergraduate programme.

  16. Relationship between nurse's general health and their personal occupational traits in Al-Zahra Hospital of Isfahan, 2015

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    Mahnaz Adibi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Health state is one of the most important factors in their life. Individuals may be subject to threatening factors in different ways. Nurses are one main group of community whose health may be threatened due to their occupational environment. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating general health of nurses and their personal occupational traits. Method: This study is correlation-descriptive research. Statistical population consists of 220 nurses working in Al-Zahra hospital selected by random sampling. Instrument of this study includes a demographic questionnaire and a standard Goldberg 28-question questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. Findings: in this study, nurses are subject to occupational events, physical and chemical harmful materials, biologic harmful materials, mental/ ergonomic harmful occupational factors. And there exists relation between their general health and their age, number of children and marital status. But no relation has been seen with their surgery records, rate of sport they do, vaccination, the unit in which they work, their occupational environment, their occupational record and posts.

  17. Using Multiple Technologies to Teach Nursing Students about Adoption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Sharonlyn; Henneman, Kris; Herrera, Maida Y.; Hockman, Elaine; Brooks, Evelyn; Darland, Nancy; Kulik, Noel; Sandy-Hanson, Anika E.

    2013-01-01

    Technology is becoming increasingly more important in the enhancement of educating university students. Very little research has been done regarding how the combination of educational technologies affects test scores, compared to the use of one technology alone. This research article examines whether the post-scores of nursing students increased…

  18. Technology Acceptance of Electronic Medical Records by Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocker, Gary

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Technology Acceptance Model's (TAM) relevance of the intention of nurses to use electronic medical records in acute health care settings. The basic technology acceptance research of Davis (1989) was applied to the specific technology tool of electronic medical records (EMR) in a specific setting…

  19. Willingness and preferences of nurses related to learning with technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilcher, Jobeth W; Bedford, Laurie

    2011-01-01

    To what extent are nurses willing to learn with technology-enhanced tools, such as online education, podcasts, webcasts, mobile learning, and realistic simulations? What factors influence their willingness? This article includes a description of a mixed methodology study that addressed these questions. Nurses of all ages indicated a willingness to learn with a variety of technological tools. Primary determinants of willingness were associated with ease of use, familiarity, convenience, and perceived benefit.

  20. Organisational intervention to reduce occupational stress and turnover in hospital nurses in the Northern Territory, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickard, Greg; Lenthall, Sue; Dollard, Maureen; Opie, Tessa; Knight, Sabina; Dunn, Sandra; Wakerman, John; MacLeod, Martha; Seller, Jo; Brewster-Webb, Denise

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the impact of an organisational intervention aimed to reduce occupational stress and turnover rates of 55% in hospital nurses. The evaluation used a pre- and post-intervention design, triangulating data from surveys and archival information. Two public hospitals (H1 and H2) in the Northern Territory (NT) Australia participated in the intervention. 484 nurses from the two NT hospitals (H1, Wave 1, N = 103, Wave 2, N = 173; H2, Wave 1, N = 75, Wave 2, N = 133) responded to questionnaires administered in 2008 and in 2010. The intervention included strategies such as the development and implementation of a nursing workload tool to assess nurse workloads, roster audits, increased numbers of nursing personnel to address shortfall, increased access to clinical supervision and support for graduates, increased access to professional development including postgraduate and short courses, and a recruitment campaign for new graduates and continuing employees. We used an extended Job Demand-Resources framework to evaluate the intervention and 17 evaluation indicators canvassing psychological distress, emotional exhaustion, work engagement, job satisfaction, job demands, job resources, and system factors such as psychosocial safety climate. Turnover rates were obtained from archival data. Results demonstrated a significant reduction in psychological distress and emotional exhaustion and a significant improvement in job satisfaction, across both hospitals, and a reduction in turnover in H2 from 2008 and 2010. Evidence suggests that the intervention led to significant improvements in system capacity (adaptability, communication) in combination with a reduction in job demands in both hospitals, and an increase in resources (supervisor and coworker support, and job control) particularly in H1. The research addresses a gap in the theoretical and intervention literature regarding system/organisation level approaches to occupational stress. The approach was very successful

  1. [Reducing occupational burnout and enhancing job performance in new nurses: the efficacy of "last mile" programs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hsiu-Mei; Liu, Pei-Fen; Ho, Hsueh-Hua; Chen, Ping-Ling; Chao, Hui-Lin; Chen, Hsiao-Lien

    2012-08-01

    New nurses undergo a stressful and challenging transition process in the nursing workplace. Lack of patient care knowledge and skills and work adaption difficulties lead to a high turnover rate that drains essential new talent away from the nursing profession and further exacerbates professional staffing shortages in the healthcare sector. The "last mile" program is a program developed jointly by a nursing school and hospital as a mechanism to bridge classroom learning to clinical practice and smooth the transition of nursing students into nursing professionals. The purpose of this study was to understand the effect of the "last mile" program on job performance and occupational burnout among new nurses. We conducted a quasi-experimental study in 2009 on a convenience sample of new nurses in a medical center. Participants were assigned into two groups, namely those enrolled in the last mile program (n = 29) and those not enrolled in the program (n = 94). Research team members and several collaborative universities developed the last mile program used in this study; Seven experts established content validity; The last mile program included 84 hours of lecture courses and 160 hours of clinical practice. Data was collected using the nursing job performance scale developed in 2007 by Greenslade and Jimmieson and translated ÷ back translated into an equivalent Chinese version. Exploratory factor analysis showed all items aggraded into 8 factors, which could be divided into task performance and contextual performance concept categories. Task performance concepts included: social support, information, coordination of care, and technical care; Contextual performance concepts included: interpersonal support, job-task support, volunteering for additional duties and compliance. The Cronbach's α for the 8 factors were .70-.95. The occupational burnout inventory included the 4 subscales of personal burnout, work-related burnout, client-related burnout, and over

  2. Connecting congregations: technology resources influence parish nurse practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerull, Lisa M; Near, Kelly K; Ragon, Bart; Farrell, Sarah P

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive pilot study evaluated the influence of health resource information education and the use of Web-based communication technology on the professional practice of the parish nurse in the congregational setting. Five parish nurse participants from varied denominations in rural and nonrural Virginia received a laptop computer, printer, video projector, and webcam along with high-speed Internet access in each congregational setting. The nurses attended two group education sessions that incorporated computer applications and training in accessing and using quality health information resources and communication applications such as a group "chat" software and webcam to communicate with others through high-speed Internet access. Qualitative analysis from semistructured interviews of nurses confirmed that participants found the project to be beneficial in terms of awareness, education, and applicability of technology use in parish nurse practice. Quantitative data from preproject and postproject surveys found significant differences in nurses' abilities and confidence with technology use and application. Findings showed that the knowledge and experience gained from this study enhanced parish nurse practice and confidence in using technology for communication, health education, and counseling.

  3. [Students awareness of health teaching: evaluation of "health education" course and the occupational health nursing practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horikawa, Junko; Majima, Yukie; Ishihara, Itsuko

    2003-09-01

    The "health education" course is an important part of the baccalaureate curriculum in nursing. It is essential to teach students effective health education in a client oriented way. In order to improve the quality and content of this course, we extracted students descriptions from records of 44 students who had carried out group health education during nursing practice for the occupational health nursing course. We then analyzed students written sentences on their views concerning health teaching. After sentence analysis, we categorized these concepts into groups and titled them. The results of clarification of categories showed that the most common student awareness was in regard to technical and instructional skills, such as precise and suitable language selection for laymen, and utilization of teaching devices or mediums, during implementation of health teaching(43.6%). Secondly, assessment of health needs for a certain working population(10.3%), and effective teaching types such as instructional participant volunteers and full participation(9.2%) were deemed important. Thirdly, identification of the role of the occupational nurse(7.7%), and lastly the necessity of evaluation(2.3%) were considered necessary. Over all, in this study we found that students were most concerned about the instructional skills during the presentation of health education. Also, these results suggest that development of contents in the "health education" course to reinforce students assessment and evaluative abilities should be incorporated into the course. Furthermore, faculties who teach a "health education" course should provide a large variety of teaching materials and creative instructional methods for the students.

  4. Occupational exposure of nursing staff working with radioiodine therapy during 11 years

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calegaro, Jose Ulisses Manzzini; Teixeira, Sandra Mara Pessano [Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal, Brasilia, DF (Brazil). Centro de Medicina Nuclear]. E-mail: jcalegaro@uol.com.br

    2007-07-15

    Objective: The present study was aimed at evaluating the occupational exposure of nursing staff in charge of inpatients undergoing {sup 131}I therapy during 11 years. Materials and methods: The exposure situations were classified according to a questionnaire answered by three nursing attendants, correlating the procedures with activities, distances and amount of time in the iodotherapy room. Records of received doses by two types of dosimeters were evaluated over two subsequent periods. In both periods the nursing attendants received instructions about radiological protection. Results: In usual situations, their amount of time in the iodotherapy room was in compliance with the standard time established by the service. In unusual situations, where the patient needed assistance for mobility, the exposure period was above the standard. However, this exposure occurs casually (only one or two times a year). During the period between 1993 and 1999 (dosimetric films) there were ten dose records, all of them at record level. From 2000 to 2003 (thermoluminescent dosimeters) ten dose records were also obtained, with only one of them at the investigation level. During this study period, the mean {sup 131}I activity was doubled. Conclusion: Despite the increased levels of activity there was no significant increase in dose to nursing attendants. (author)

  5. [The relationships among occupational and organizational commitment, human relations in the workplace, and well-being in nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawada, Tadayuki

    2013-12-01

    This study examined the relationship among human relations in the workplace, job involvement, affective commitment and continuance commitment with occupational and organizational commitment, and well-being. Questionnaires were completed by 855 female nurses who worked in four public hospitals (mean age = 32.6 years). The results of factor analysis showed that each component of the vocational constructs was distinguishable from the others. Path analysis showed that human relations in the workplace directly influenced job involvement and affective commitment both to the occupation and to the organization. Job involvement in turn directly influenced affective commitment and continuance commitment to the occupation. Job involvement also influenced affective commitment to the organization directly, and indirectly through affective commitment to the occupation. Finally, it was found that human relations in the workplace and affective commitment to the occupation positively influenced well-being; continuance commitment to the occupation was a negative influence. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  6. The Occupational Health Nurse (OHN) and the Implications for Nursing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    and obtectivies. unit. 1. Develops philosophy an wriffen goabs and oci iws for the occupational helth program. 2. Conducts periodic revi of...confidential health records. 3. Counsel and/or provide crisis intervention for workers and interpersonal, family and/or work related problems. - Review...their employees. - Identify resources in the community that might be used when providing crisis intervention. 4. Consult on health and safety matters

  7. Technology Readiness of Early Career Nurse Trainees: Utilization of the Technology Readiness Index (TRI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odlum, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    Health Information Technology (HIT) adoption by clinicians, including nurses, will lead to reduction in healthcare costs and clinical errors and improve health outcomes. Understanding the importance of technology adoption, the current study utilized the Technology Readiness Index to explore technology perceptions of nursing students. Our analysis identifies factors that may influence perceptions of technology, including decreased optimism for students with clinical experience and increased discomfort of US born students. Our study provides insight to inform training programs to further meet the increasing demands of skilled nursing staff.

  8. Relationship between staff-reported culture change and occupancy rate and organizational commitment among nursing homes in South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Minhong; Choi, Jae-Sung; Lim, Jinseop; Kim, Young Sun

    2013-04-01

    This study aims to examine culture change in nursing homes in South Korea and to identify the outcomes of culture change implementation. Data were taken from survey responses from 223 top- or mid-level staff among nursing homes in South Korea that were selected through a proportionate random-stratified sampling method from four regions nationwide. Culture change in nursing homes was operationalized by five person-directed care (PDC) constructs and three organizational environment constructs, and outcome quality was indicated by changes to occupancy rate and organizational commitment. After controlling for facility characteristics, the effect of staff-reported culture change on occupancy rate and organizational commitment was analyzed through the multiple-regression method. Consistent with previous research, this study revealed positive effects of culture change for nursing homes in South Korea. The study found that staff-reported culture change correlated with occupancy rate and organizational commitment. Given that culture change variables were significantly related to occupancy rate and organizational commitment, the findings of the study provide a persuasive argument that policies and/or programs to support culture change in nursing homes should be enhanced. Management-level workers in these facilities should have the skills and knowledge to foster more PDC and a more person-directed environment.

  9. Work-family conflict as a mediator between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugawara, Norio; Danjo, Kazuma; Furukori, Hanako; Sato, Yasushi; Tomita, Tetsu; Fujii, Akira; Nakagami, Taku; Kitaoka, Kazuyo; Yasui-Furukori, Norio

    2017-01-01

    Occupational stress among mental health nurses may affect their psychological health, resulting in reduced performance. To provide high-quality, sustainable nursing care, it is necessary to identify and control the factors associated with psychological health among mental health nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of work-family conflict (WFC) in the well-known relationship between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan. In this cross-sectional study, data were gathered from 180 mental health nurses who had a coresident child or were married. Data from the Work-Family Conflict Scale, the Generic Job Stress Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale were obtained via self-report questionnaires. The effects of occupational stress and WFC on psychological health were explored by hierarchical linear regression analysis. The relationship between emotional exhaustion and occupational factors, including quantitative workload and the variance in workload, disappeared with the addition of WFC (each work interference with family [WIF] or family interference with work [FIW]). The relationship between emotional exhaustion and mental demands disappeared only with the addition of WIF. The relationship between depressive symptoms and variance in workload disappeared with the addition of WFC (each WIF or FIW). Our findings may encourage hospital administrators to consider the risks of medical staff WFC. Furthermore, longitudinal investigations into the factors associated with WFC are required for administrative and psychological interventions.

  10. Collaborating to optimize nursing students' agency information technology use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fetter, Marilyn S

    2009-01-01

    As the learning laboratory for gaining actual patient care experience, clinical agencies play an essential role in nursing education. With an information technology revolution transforming healthcare, nursing programs are eager for their students to learn the latest informatics systems and technologies. However, many healthcare institutions are struggling to meet their own information technology needs and report limited resources and other as barriers to nursing student training. In addition, nursing students' information technology access and use raise security and privacy concerns. With the goal of a fully electronic health record by 2014, it is imperative that agencies and educational programs collaborate. They need to establish educationally sound, cost-effective, and secure policies and procedures for managing students' use of information technology systems. Strategies for evaluating options, selecting training methods, and ensuring data security are shared, along with strategies that may reap clinical, economic, and educational benefits. Students' information technology use raises numerous issues that the nursing profession must address to participate in healthcare's transformation into the digital age.

  11. Low back pain characterized by muscle resistance and occupational factors associated with nursing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael de Souza Petersen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to identify the occupational factors associated with low back pain using a surveillance tool and to characterize the low back pain by the resistance of the extensor muscles of the vertebral column among nursing professionals at an Intensive Care Unit.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. The workers answered a questionnaire about occupational factors and participated in a resistance test of the extensor muscles of the vertebral column. Associations were established through Student's T-test or Mann-Whitney's U-test and correlations using Pearson's test.RESULTS: Out of 48 participants, 32 (67% suffered from low pain. For the resistance test, the subjects suffering from low back pain endured less time in comparison with asymptomatic subjects, but without significant differences (p=0.147. The duration of the pain episode showed a significant negative correlation (p=0.016 with the results of the resistance test though. The main factors identified as causes of low back pain were biomechanical and postural elements, conditions of the muscle structure and physical and organizational conditions.CONCLUSIONS: the main occupational factors associated with the low back pain were the posture and the characteristics of the physical and organizational conditions. In addition, the extensor muscles of the column showed a trend towards lesser resistance for workers in pain. This evidence is important when considering prevention and treatment strategies.

  12. The Nursing Informatician's Role in Mediating Technology Related Health Literacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Ramona; Carter-Templeton, Heather D

    2016-01-01

    The advent of computer based technology and the internet have not changed nurses' responsibility for patient education; but they are rapidly changing what we teach and how we teach. The challenge for nursing informaticians is to create innovative patient education models and applications with the goal of achieving literate, engaged, empowered and informed patients as well as preparing health professionals to maximize the advantages offered by digital media and other new technology based tools. This paper explores the interrelationship of basic literacy, health literacy and technology related literacies that provide the foundation for achieving these goals.

  13. Baccalaureate nursing students' information technology competence--agency perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fetter, Marilyn S

    2009-01-01

    Baccalaureate nurses must meet information technology (IT) competencies expectations for employment and future professional development. Unfortunately, educational programs and accrediting groups have not identified specific outcomes, and IT is not integrated formally into many undergraduate program curricula. Meanwhile, nursing students and faculty are practicing in clinical agencies undergoing an informatics and technology revolution. Adding courses and content, hardware, software, and strategies such as distance learning and simulation have been recommended to improve competency development. However, little is known regarding nursing students' experiences with IT in clinical practice. Agencies used as sites for one undergraduate program were surveyed and asked to identify barriers and facilitators to students' IT competencies attainment. Ten agency, program, and policy factors affecting the quality of the learning experience in clinical agencies were identified. Results underscored that leadership to improve collaboration and communication between nursing practice, education, and policy groups is necessary to improve clinical environments for IT learning.

  14. Safe Handling of Cytotoxic Drugs and Risks of Occupational Exposure to Nursing Staffs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somayeh Hanafi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Inherent toxicity of cytotoxic drugs is the basis for their potential adverse risks from occupational exposure to the nursing staff. In Iran, chemotherapy regimens are prescribed and administered according to the world updated protocols. But little is done regarding the protective standards in this field.Methods: An observational cross-sectional survey was conducted among nurses who work in three tertiary care teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran in 2012. All participants worked in one of the hospital wards handling cytotoxic drugs (preparation and administration. A questionnaire was used for interviewing all subjects, and observing them preparing and administering the drugs. We examined all adverse effects associated with handling of antineoplastic drugs.Results: Totally 270 adverse reactions were reported. The most frequently reported adverse effects included headache and vertigo (40 cases, hair loss (36 cases, skin rashes and itching (31 cases, and burning sensation in eyes (31 cases. In all hospital wards, the standards were met in not more than 50% of the items.Conclusion: Monitoring the personnel who are directly involved in handling of cytotoxic drugs is of great importance. Furthermore, educating the personnel in the field of standards of cytotoxic drugs handling could increase the nursing staff’s knowledge regarding these drugs’ adverse reactions.

  15. Occupational stress among nursing technicians and assistants: coping focused on the problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Araújo Bastos Teixeira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To analyze the association between strategies used to cope with occupational stress that are focused on the problem wand the personal characteristics of nursing technicians and assistants. Methodology. This quantitative and correlational study was conducted in a large teaching hospital in the São Paulo State, Brazil, in 2013. A randomized sample with 310 participants (198 nursing assistants and 112 nursing technicians comprised the study population. Data were collected using a sociodemographic characteristics questionnaire and Scale of Ways of Coping with Problems. Data were submitted to univariate analysis, and variables with statistical significance (p<0.20 were submitted posteriorly in a multiple regression model. Results. Most employees were women (76.1% older than 40 years (67.7%, had nine to 11 years of formal education (73.5%, had a partner (58.7%, were Catholic (53.2%, and had children (74.5%. The final multiple regression model consisted of variable years of formal education and number of children. Conclusion. In this study, formal education and number of children were more strongly associated with a greater use of coping strategies focused on the problem. Such a strategy is related to minimal vulnerability to stress related to the working environment.

  16. [How to integrate humanization and technology in nursing training].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Dagmar Estermann

    2002-01-01

    This paper discusses the current incorporation of the subject of humanization of care in the current context of Brazilian nursing. The relation between nursing and technology is approached, in this study, from a historical perspective. The study also develops the proposition of "human re-signification", having as reference the concept of Cyborg, considering the way this concept has been employed in the contemporary cultural and feminist theoretical framework.

  17. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: A questionnaire survey of nurse-users

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veer, A.J.E. de; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Bekkema, N.; Francke, A.L.

    2011-01-01

    Background: A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better un

  18. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: a questionnaire survey of nurse-users.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veer, A.J.E. de; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Bekkema, N.; Francke, A.L.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better un

  19. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: A questionnaire survey of nurse-users

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veer, A.J.E. de; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Bekkema, N.; Francke, A.L.

    2011-01-01

    Background: A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better

  20. Successful implementation of new technologies in nursing care: a questionnaire survey of nurse-users.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veer, A.J.E. de; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Bekkema, N.; Francke, A.L.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A growing number of new technologies are becoming available within nursing care that can improve the quality of care, reduce costs, or enhance working conditions. However, such effects can only be achieved if technologies are used as intended. The aim of this study is to gain a better

  1. Application of a registration instrument in systematized nursing care in occupational health assistence in a metals company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Cristina Silveira Sotero

    2013-12-01

    Objective: the aim of the study was the development, execution and evaluation of  an instrument  that collects the workers' data, aiming at the implementation of the Occupational Health Nursing's Information System. Methods: the study was about a qualitative profile study, which had the collaboration of a metallurgy company' nurse nearby Sorocaba (SP. The instrument was used by the company's nurse in 30 routine consultations with the company's workers. Results showed that the tool provided a wide overview of the workers' health condition, and also synthesized the flux in the health system, even though applying the data collecting tool consumed a reasonable amount of time, making its use impracticable due to shortage of nurses. The study also showed that it is essential for the nurses to be aware of the need for working in a scientific way, so that their results are relevant, both for the company and for the quality of health care.

  2. [The NAS system: Nursing Activities Score in mobile technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalan, Vanessa Menezes; Silveira, Denise Tolfo; Neutzling, Agnes Ludwig; Martinato, Luísa Helena Machado; Borges, Gilberto Cabral de Mello

    2011-12-01

    The objective of this study was to present the computerized structure that enables the use of the Nursing Activities Score (NAS) in mobile technology. It is a project for the development of technology production based on software engineering, founded on the theory of systems development life cycle. The NAS system was built in two modules: the search module, which is accessed using a personal computer (PC), and Data Collection module, which is accessed through a mobile device (Smartphone). The NAS system was constructed to allow other forms, in addition to the NAS tool, to be included in the future. Thus, it is understood that the development of the NAS will bring nurses closer to mobile technology and facilitate their accessibility to the data of the instrument relating to patients, thus assisting in decision-making and in staffing to provide nursing care.

  3. Is technology the best medicine? Three practice theoretical perspectives on medication administration technologies in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonen, Marcel Jmh; Vosman, Frans Jh; Niemeijer, Alistair R

    2016-06-01

    Even though it is often presumed that the use of technology like medication administration technology is both safer and more effective, the importance of nurses' know-how is not to be underestimated. In this article, we accordingly try to argue that nurses' labor, including their different forms of knowledge, must play a crucial role in the development, implementation and use of medication administration technology. Using three different theoretical perspectives ('heuristic lenses') and integrating this with our own ethnographic research, we will explore how nursing practices change through the use of medication technology. Ultimately, we will argue that ignoring (institutional) complexity and the various types of important knowledge that nurses have, will seriously complicate the implementation of medication administration technology. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Futurism in nursing: Technology, robotics and the fundamentals of care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibald, Mandy M; Barnard, Alan

    2017-09-21

    To explore the concept of futurism and the emergence of robotics in relation to the fundamentals of care, highlighting how nurses need a more anticipatory and contemporary position towards technology to maintain relevance in the future. The future of nursing in Western countries will soon be linked with the emergence of robotics for efficient and cost effective provision of fundamental care. Their emergence and roles with care of the body and more broadly assisting people with their daily living activities has enormous implications for the profession and health care. Despite this importance, how nursing understands and will respond to technological trends and developments is insufficiently reflected in the professions discourse. A discursive article METHODS: Literature from nursing fundamentals of care / fundamental care, information science, technology, humanities and philosophy informed the arguments in this paper. This paper examines the intersection of futurism and the fundamentals of care and how adopting an anticipatory and post-human perspective towards technological-care integration is necessary amidst a robot revolution in the techno-era. Nurses are currently challenged to understand, prioritize and deliver fundamental care. Health systems are challenged by a lack of care predicated by shortfalls in skilled staff and deficiencies in their mobilization. Both challenges can be compounded or alleviated by further integration of technology, but to maximize benefit requires forethought and understanding. This article can help open needed dialogue around planning for the future and is a call to action for the nursing profession to conceptualize their position on exponential technological growth and fundamental care provision. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  5. Knowledge and uptake of occupational post-exposure prophylaxis amongst nurses caring for people living with HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lufuno Makhado

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nurses caring for people living with HIV (PLWH are at higher risk of exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV by needle sticks, cuts, getting body fluids in their eyes or mouth and skin when bruised or affected by dermatitis.Objectives: To determine knowledge, insight and uptake of occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (OPEP amongst nurses caring for PLWH.Method: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used in this study. Stratified random sampling was used to sample 240 nurses. The study was conducted in a regional hospital in Limpopo province. Both parametric and non-parametric statistics were employed to analyse data.Results: A total of 233 nurses participated in the study. Sixty per cent (n = 138 of all nurses had a situation at work when they thought that they were infected by HIV and 100 (43% nurses had experienced the situation once or more in the past 12 month. Approximately 40% did not know what PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis is, and 22% did not know or were not sure if it was available in the hospital. Only few participants (n = 68, 29% had sought PEP and most (n = 37, 54% of them did not receive PEP when they needed it. There was a significant association between the knowledge and availability of PEP (r = 0.622.Conclusion: The study recommend an urgent need for policy makers in the health sector to put in place policies, guidelines and programmes that will rapidly scale up PEP services in health care settings, so that preventable occupationally acquired HIV infection can be minimised amongst nurses.Keywords: Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; Nurses; HIV, Occupational Exposure; PLWH

  6. How Do Information and Communication Technologies Influence Nursing Care?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouleau, Geneviève; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Côté, José; Payne-Gagnon, Julie; Hudson, Emilie; Dubois, Carl-Ardy

    2016-01-01

    Despite the well-known advantages of information and communication technologies (ICTs), their overall impact on nursing care has not been synthesized. The objective of this overview of systematic reviews is to summarize the best evidence regarding the effects of ICTs on nursing care. We considered quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method reviews published since January 1995. Two reviewers independently screened the title and abstract of 5515 papers to assess their eligibility. From these, 72 full-text papers were evaluated and 28 publications met the inclusion criteria. Three reviewers extracted and compared their data. Preliminary results show that the following dimensions of nursing care are the most frequently reported: assessment, care planning and evaluation, documentation time, quality of care and patient safety. This overview provides a starting point from which to compare and contrast findings of separate reviews regarding the positive, neutral and negative effects of ICTs on nursing care.

  7. The nursing occupation education under emotional involvement%情感参与下的护理职业教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新; 张录凤

    2014-01-01

    Objective:in view of the moral defects of the nursing staff, to strengthen the study of the significance and methods of cultivation of nursing students occupation moral education and professionalism. Methods:in the nursing process, pay attention to great effect of emotional involvement, observe emotional participation principle, strengthen emotional participation means and ways. Results:the penetration of occupation moral education has a positive influence on the improvement of the formation of nursing students' learning initiative, awareness and good occupation moral in nursing education. Conclusion:in nursing education, strengthening occupation moral education and professionalism education have no choice.%目的:针对目前部分护理人员职业道德缺陷,探讨加强护理专业学生职业道德教育和敬业精神的培养的意义和方法。方法:在护理教育过程中,重视情感参与的巨大作用,遵守情感参与原则,强化情感参与手段和途径。结果:在护理教育中渗透职业道德教育对提高护理专业学生学习的主动性、自觉性和良好职业道德的形成具有积极的促进作用。结论:在护理教育中,强化职业道德教育和敬业精神教育事在必行。

  8. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Partnered Development of Cryogenic Life Support Technologies Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Partnering with National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to develop several cryogenically based life support technologies to be used in mine...

  9. Trending health information technology adoption among New York nursing homes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramson, Erika L; Edwards, Alison; Silver, Michael; Kaushai, Rainu

    2014-11-01

    Federal policies are incentivizing hospitals and providers to adopt and meaningfully use electronic health records (EHRs). Nursing homes are not eligible for incentives. However, understanding health information technology (HIT) adoption among nursing homes will be critical to developing HIT policies for this sector. Our objective was to assess the pace of EHR adoption, changes in computerized function adoption, and participation in health information exchange by New York state nursing homes over time. We used a repeated, cross-sectional study design. We surveyed all New York state nursing homes between February and May 2013, comparing results to the same survey administered in 2012. We received responses from 472 of 630 nursing homes (74.9%). Rates of EHR adoption increased from 48.6% to 56.3% (P = .03). Participation in health information exchange remained unchanged (54.5% to 55.3%, P = .8). The top barriers to EHR adoption cited were: a) the initial cost of HIT investment (67.9%, n = 133), b) lack of technical IT staff (46.4%, n = 91), and c) lack of fiscal incentives (45.8%, n = 88). Comparing nursing homes with EHRs in 2012 to nursing homes with EHRs in 2013, the availability of many types of computerized functionalities significantly increased, although no gains were seen for order entry or clinical tools. While some gains are being made by nursing homes, HIT adoption generally lags behind that of other sectors. Public policy focusing on building HIT infrastructure is essential to ensure that nursing homes keep up with other healthcare segments.

  10. Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among nursing personnel and its association with occupational stress, anxiety and depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Perfeito Ribeiro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among nursing personnel, and its association with occupational stress, anxiety and depression.METHOD: a descriptive correlational study undertaken with 226 nursing personnel from a teaching hospital. Data collection was undertaken through application of the Job Stress Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire, with variables of Metabolic Syndrome. Univariate analyses and Chi-squared and Pearson tests were used for correlation between the variables, with a level of significance of 5%.RESULTS: 86 (38.1% workers presented Metabolic Syndrome, of whom 183 (81.1% were female, and 43 (19.9% male, aged between 23 and 66 years old. In relation to anxiety and depression, 154 (68.1% presented anxiety, with 48 (31.2% also presenting Metabolic Syndrome; 185 (81.8% presented depression, of whom 62 (33.5% also had Metabolic Syndrome. It was ascertained that 61 (27.0% workers presented stress and that of these, 14 (22.9% presented Metabolic Syndrome.CONCLUSION: a correlation was observed between the variables of anxiety and Metabolic Syndrome and stress and Metabolic Syndrome, there being no correlation between the variables of depression and Metabolic Syndrome.

  11. Effects of technology on nursing care and caring attributes of a sample of Iranian critical care nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagherian, Behnaz; Sabzevari, Sakineh; Mirzaei, Tayebeh; Ravari, Ali

    2017-04-01

    To examine the association between attitudes of critical care nurses about influences of technology and their caring attributes. In a cross-sectional study, firstly the psychometric properties of caring attributes questionnaire, which was developed to examine caring attributes of a sample of international nurses, was refined in a sample of 200 critical care nurses working in educational hospitals of a city in the southwest of Iran. Results of factor analysis with Varimax rotation decreased 60 items of caring attributes to 47 items which loaded under five subscales of caring negation, caring compassionate, caring advocacy, caring essence and caring communication. Secondly, attitudes of these nurses toward influences of technology on nursing care were assessed using a 22-item questionnaire, developed by the study researchers. Finally, the association between scores of caring attributes and attitudes toward influences of technology of this sample was determined. There was a positive association between caring attributes and influences of technology among our study nurses. Caring attributes scores were higher in female single nurses. Although caring attributes' scores had decreased along with age and work experience, caring commitment was higher in older more experienced nurses. Furthermore, female nurses had a better attitude toward influences of technology on their care. In contrast, younger and less experienced nurses had negative views on the effects of technology on nursing care. Continuing education and life-long learning on application of new technological equipment in nursing care and harmonising their use with caring values are necessary for nursing students and registered nurses to ensure delivering a patient-centred care, in a technologically driven environment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. The injured and diseased farmer: occupational health, embodiment and technologies of harm and care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovelock, Kirsten

    2012-05-01

    Occupational health in agriculture is a significant public health issue in industrialised agricultural nations. This article reports on 26 in-depth interviews with farmers throughout New Zealand. Farmers are exposed to a range of technologies which place them at risk of injury and disease and/or prevent injury and disease. In this article these technologies are respectively conceptualised as technologies of harm and technologies of care. Despite being vulnerable to high rates of injury, fatality and occupationally related diseases the uptake of technologies of care amongst farmers in New Zealand is poor. The analysis draws on body theory to explore the meaning attached to injury and disease and to examine the socio-cultural field of agriculture. It is argued that the key features of subjective embodiment and social, cultural and symbolic capital can undermine the uptake of technologies of care, ensuring poor occupational health outcomes on New Zealand farms.

  13. Cutting edge technology to enhance nursing classroom instruction at Coppin State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Crystal Day; Watties-Daniels, A Denyce

    2006-01-01

    Educational technologies have changed the paradigm of the teacher-student relationship in nursing education. Nursing students expect to use and to learn from cutting edge technology during their academic careers. Varied technology, from specified software programs (Tegrity and Blackboard) to the use of the Internet as a research medium, can enhance student learning. The authors provide an overview of current cutting edge technologies in nursing classroom instruction and its impact on future nursing practice.

  14. Faculty Narratives: Teaching, Technology, and the Nursing Professoriate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Ava S.

    2010-01-01

    The use of the Internet and its associated technology in education are necessities at the 21st century university. Nursing faculty has, and continues to be, influenced by changes in the manner in which education is delivered. The changes are superimposed upon the traditional scholarship roles involving teaching, research, and service. In order to…

  15. US and Dutch nurse experiences with fall prevention technology within nursing home environment and workflow: a qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandenberg, Ann E.; van Beijnum, Bernhard J.F.; Overdevest, Vera G.P.; Capezuti, Elizabeth; Johnson II, Theodore M.

    2017-01-01

    Falls remain a major geriatric problem, and the search for new solutions continues. We investigated how existing fall prevention technology was experienced within nursing home nurses' environment and workflow. Our NIH-funded study in an American nursing home was followed by a cultural learning

  16. Home Economics Occupations. Occupation of Homemaking. Homemaker Employability Skills. Education for Technology Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb. Dept. of Technology.

    This document contains the Illinois state-verified task lists for the occupation of homemaker. The first section contains the homemaker duties and tasks. Duties correspond to course content in foods and nutrition, clothing and textiles, child development, resource management, parenting, living environments, and adult living. The second section…

  17. [The place of information and communication technologies in nursing training].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delon, Bruno

    2010-11-01

    Over the last two decades, technological progress, the old driving force of medical practices, has greatly accelerated the pace of innovation. The addition of information and communication technologies will provide a long-lasting transformation of healthcare practices. Modifications to the training programmes, as well as to the scope of nurses' actions, are perhaps the opportunity to become more actively involved in the innovation process.

  18. Occupational therapy students' technological skills: Are 'generation Y' ready for 21st century practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hills, Caroline; Ryan, Susan; Smith, Derek R; Warren-Forward, Helen; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Lapkin, Samuel

    2016-12-01

    Technology is becoming increasingly integral to the practice of occupational therapists and part of the everyday lives of clients. 'Generation Y' are purported to be naturally technologically skilled as they have grown up in the digital age. The aim of this study was to explore one cohort of 'Generation Y' occupational therapy students' skills and confidence in the use of technologies relevant to contemporary practice. A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect data from a cohort of 274 students enrolled in an Australian undergraduate occupational therapy programme. A total of 173 (63%) students returned the survey. Those born prior to 1982 were removed from the data. This left 155 (56%) 'Generation Y' participants. Not all participants reported to be skilled in everyday technologies although most reported to be skilled in word, Internet and mobile technologies. Many reported a lack of skills in Web 2.0 (collaboration and sharing) technologies, creating and using media and gaming, as well as a lack of confidence in technologies relevant to practice, including assistive technology, specialist devices, specialist software and gaming. Overall, the results suggested that this group of 'Generation Y' students were not universally skilled in all areas of technology relevant to practice but appear to be skilled in technologies they use regularly. Recommendations are therefore made with view to integrating social networking, gaming, media sharing and assistive technology into undergraduate programmes to ensure that graduates have the requisite skills and confidence required for current and future practice. © 2016 Occupational Therapy Australia.

  19. Associations among occupational roles, independence, assistive technology, and purchasing power of individuals with physical disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cruz, Daniel Marinho Cezar; Emmel, Maria Luisa Guillaumon

    2013-01-01

    to verify whether there are associations among occupational roles, independence to perform Activities of Daily Living, purchasing power, and assistive technology for individuals with physical disabilities. 91 individuals with physical disabilities participated in the study. The instruments used were: Role Checklist, Brazilian Economic Classification Criterion, Barthel Index, and a Questionnaire to characterize the subjects. an association with a greater number of roles was found among more independent individuals using a lower number of technological devices. Higher purchasing power was associated with a lower functional status of dependence. even though technology was not directly associated with independence, the latter was associated with a greater number of occupational roles, which requires reflection upon independence issues when considering the participation in occupational roles. These findings support interdisciplinary actions designed to promote occupational roles in individuals with physical disabilities.

  20. Occupational closure in nursing work reconsidered: UK health care support workers and assistant practitioners: A focus group study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traynor, Michael; Nissen, Nina; Lincoln, Carol; Buus, Niels

    2015-07-01

    In healthcare, occupational groups have adopted tactics to maintain autonomy and control over their areas of work. Witz described a credentialist approach to occupational closure adopted by nursing in the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. However, the recent advancement of assistant, 'non-qualified' workers by governments and managers forms part of a reconfiguration of traditional professional work. This research used focus groups with three cohorts of healthcare support workers undertaking assistant practitioner training at a London university from 2011 to 13 (6 groups, n = 59). The aim was to examine how these workers positioned themselves as professionals and accounted for professional boundaries. A thematic analysis revealed a complex situation in which participants were divided between articulating an acceptance of a subordinate role within traditional occupational boundaries and a usurpatory stance towards these boundaries. Participants had usually been handpicked by managers and some were ambitious and confident in their abilities. Many aspired to train to be nurses claiming that they will gain recognition that they do not currently get but which they deserve. Their scope of practice is based upon their managers' or supervisors' perception of their individual aptitude rather than on a credentialist claim. They 'usurp' nurses claim to be the healthcare worker with privileged access to patients, saying they have taken over what nursing has considered its core work, while nurses abandon it for largely administrative roles. We conclude that the participants are the not unwilling agents of a managerially led project to reshape the workforce that cuts across existing occupational boundaries.

  1. Occupational stress, mental health and coping among information technology professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Jakkula V; Chandraiah, K

    2012-01-01

    Experience of occupational stress is inevitably involved in the execution of any type of work. Stress has an adaptive value. It motivates the individual to attend to the task and get rid of the tension or demand the unattended task produced. The study was planned to investigate the differences between executives and shop floor workers on occupational stress, mental health, job satisfaction and coping. A random sample of 200 executives and shop floor employees collected from Nuclear Fuel Complex of Hyderabad City. A well developed sub-scales of Occupational Stress indicator like Mental Health, and Coping behavior were used in the present study. The shop floor workers experiencing more job stress and lower mental health. But these two groups did not differ in their coping behaviour. The executives are better with work home balance.

  2. The impact of nurses occupational attitude on job burnout%护士职业态度对职业倦怠的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄奇花; 庄君灿; 谭春兴; 吴木富; 何洁兰; 李俊; 林树敬; 潘美玉

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解护士职业态度及职业倦怠的情况,分析职业态度对职业倦怠的影响. 方法 采用护士职业态度量表及护士职业倦怠量表对方便抽样的296名临床护士进行调查分析. 结果 护士职业态度水平处于中等水平,护士职业倦怠处于较高水平,职业态度及其3个维度与职业倦怠呈负相关,职业态度可以解释职业倦怠38. 0%的变异. 结论 护士职业态度对职业倦怠有预测作用,护理管理者要采取有效措施提高护士的职业态度水平,降低职业倦怠水平.%Objective To investigate the situation of nurses' occupational attitude and job burnout, and ana-lyze the impact of nurses' occupational attitude on job burnout. Methods A total of 296 clinical nurses of convenient sampling were investigated with the nurses ' occupational attitude scale and the nurse job burnout scale. Results The nurses' occupational attitude was at a medium level, and job burnout was at a high level; occupational attitude and its three dimensions were negatively correlated with job burnout; occupational attitude could explain 38% variance of job burnout. Conclusions The nurses' occupational attitude can predict their job burnout. The nursing managers should take effective measures to improve the nurses' occupational attitude level and reduce their feeling of job burnout level.

  3. Impact of Medication Dose Tracking Technology on Nursing Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peek, Grayson; Campbell, Udobi; Kelm, Matthew

    2016-09-01

    Objective: The impact of providing nursing staff access to data collected through a medication dose tracking technology (MDTT) web portal was investigated. Methods: A quasi-experimental, nonrandomized, pre-post intervention study was conducted in the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit (CTICU) at Duke University Hospital. The change in the number of medication requests per dispense routed to the pharmacy electronic health record (EHR) in-basket was analyzed pre and post web portal access. Other endpoints included the number of MDTT web portal queries per day by nursing staff, change in nursing satisfaction survey scores, and technician time associated with processing medication requests pre and post web portal access. The pre web portal access phase of the study occurred from June 1, 2014 to August 31, 2014. The post web portal access phase occurred from October 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. Results: An 11.4% decrease in the number of medication requests per dispense was exhibited between the pre and post web portal access phases of the study (0.0579 vs 0.0513, respectively; p < .001). Pre and post surveys showed a significant improvement in nurses' satisfaction regarding access to information on the location of medications (p = .009). Additionally, CTICU nursing staff utilized the MDTT web portal for 3.21 queries per day from October 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. Conclusion: Providing nurses access to data collected via an MDTT decreased the number of communications between nursing and pharmacy staff regarding medication availability and led to statistically significant improvements in nursing satisfaction for certain aspects of the medication distribution process.

  4. Automated Measurement and Verification and Innovative Occupancy Detection Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, Phillip [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Bruce, Nordman [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Piette, Mary Ann [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Brown, Rich [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Page, Janie [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Lanzisera, Steven [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Granderson, Jessica [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2017-06-27

    In support of DOE’s sensors and controls research, the goal of this project is to move toward integrated building to grid systems by building on previous work to develop and demonstrate a set of load characterization measurement and evaluation tools that are envisioned to be part of a suite of applications for transactive efficient buildings, built upon data-driven load characterization and prediction models. This will include the ability to include occupancy data in the models, plus data collection and archival methods to include different types of occupancy data with existing networks and a taxonomy for naming these data within a Volttron agent platform.

  5. Work engagement and occupational stress in nurses and other healthcare workers: the role of organisational and personal factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiabane, Elena; Giorgi, Ines; Sguazzin, Cinzia; Argentero, Piergiorgio

    2013-09-01

    The aims of this study were to: (1) identify the role of organisational and personal factors in predicting work engagement in healthcare workers and (2) compare work engagement and occupational stress perceptions of healthcare professional categories. Healthcare professionals, with particular regard to nurses, are exposed to several job stressors that can adversely affect both their mental and physical health and also decrease work engagement. Work engagement can be considered as the positive opposite of burnout, and it is characterised by energy, involvement and professional efficacy. A cross-sectional survey research was conducted with self-report questionnaires. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Areas of Worklife Scale and four scales from the Occupational Stress Indicator were administered to a sample of 198 hospital staff (registered nurses, nurse aides, physicians and physiotherapists), of which 110 participated in the study. The most significant predictors of energy were workload, mental health and job satisfaction; the best predictors of involvement were community, workload, mental health and job satisfaction; professional efficacy was best predicted by values and job satisfaction. In relation to the second aim, physiotherapists had the highest levels of occupational stress and disengagement from their work, while nurse aides were the most work-engaged and job-satisfied professional category, with positive perceptions of the work environment. Both organisational and personal factors were found to be significantly associated with work engagement. In this study, physiotherapists were the category with the highest risk of work-related psychological problems, whereas nurse aides had the lowest risk. Interventions aimed at improving clinical practice and psychological health of nurses and hospital staff should focus on workload, workers' personal expectations and job satisfaction. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  6. Marginal structural modelling of associations of occupational injuries with voluntary and involuntary job loss among nursing home workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okechukwu, Cassandra Adiba; Bacic, Janine; Velasquez, Esther; Hammer, Leslie B

    2016-03-01

    Qualitative studies have highlighted the possibility of job loss following occupational injuries for some workers, but prospective investigations are scant. We used a sample of nursing home workers from the Work, Family and Health Network to prospectively investigate association between occupational injuries and job loss. We merged data on 1331 workers assessed 4 times over an 18-month period with administrative data that include job loss from employers and publicly available data on their workplaces. Workers self-reported occupational injuries in surveys. Multivariable logistic regression models estimated risk ratios for the impact of occupational injuries on overall job loss, whereas multinomial models were used to estimate OR of voluntary and involuntary job loss. Use of marginal structural models allowed for adjustments of multilevel lists of confounders that may be time varying and/or on the causal pathway. By 12 months, 30.3% of workers experienced occupational injury, whereas 24.2% experienced job loss by 18 months. Comparing workers who reported occupational injuries to those reporting no injuries, risk ratio of overall job loss within the subsequent 6 months was 1.31 (95% CI 0.93 to 1.86). Comparing the same groups, injured workers had higher odds of experiencing involuntary job loss (OR 2.19; 95% CI 1.27 to 3.77). Also, compared with uninjured workers, those injured more than once had higher odds of voluntary job loss (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.03 to 3.67), while those injured once had higher odds of involuntary job loss (OR 2.19; 95% CI 1.18 to 4.05). Despite regulatory protections, occupational injuries were associated with increased risk of voluntary and involuntary job loss for nursing home workers. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  7. Occupational coping self-efficacy explains distress and well-being in nurses beyond psychosocial job characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato ePisanti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Aims: The main purpose of the present study was to extend the Job Demand Control Support (JDCS model analyzing the direct and interactive role of occupational coping self-efficacy (OCSE beliefs. Background: OCSE concern an individual's beliefs about one's ability to cope with occupational stressors. The interplay between occupational stressors, job resources and self-efficacy beliefs is poorly investigated. The present research attempts to address this gap.Design: Cross-sectional survey.Method: Questionnaire data from 1479 nurses (65% response were analyzed. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to test the direct and moderating role of OCSE in conjunction with job demands (i.e., time pressure, and two job resources: job control (i.e., decision latitude and skill discretion and social support (i.e., supervisor support and coworker support in predicting psychological distress and well-being.Results: Our findings indicated that high demands, low job control and low social support additively predicted the distress/well-being outcomes (job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, psychological distress, and somatic complaints. Beyond the main effects, no significant interactive effects of demands, control, and support were found. Occupational coping self-efficacy (OCSE accounted for an additional 1% to 4% of the variance in the outcomes, after controlling for the JDCS variables. In addition, the results indicate that occupational coping self-efficacy buffers the association between low job control and the distress dimensions emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and psychological distress. Low control was detrimental only for nurses with low occupational coping self-efficacy.Conclusion: Our results suggest expanding the JDCS model incorporating individual characteristics such as occupational coping self-efficacy beliefs, for predicting psychological distress and well-being. Limitations of the study and practical implications

  8. Work–family conflict as a mediator between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugawara N

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Norio Sugawara,1,2 Kazuma Danjo,3 Hanako Furukori,4 Yasushi Sato,2,5 Tetsu Tomita,2,6 Akira Fujii,7 Taku Nakagami,2,8 Kazuyo Kitaoka,9 Norio Yasui-Furukori2 1Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Translational Medical Center, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Tokyo, 2Department of Neuropsychiatry, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, 3Mizoguchi Mental Hospital, Shizuoka, 4Department of Psychiatry, Kuroishi-Akebono Hospital, Kuroishi, 5Department of Psychiatry, Mutsu General Hospital, Mutsu, 6Department of Psychiatry, Hirosaki-Aiseikai Hospital, Kitazono, Hirosaki, 7Department of Psychiatry, Seihoku-Chuoh Hospital, Goshogawara, Aomori, 8Department of Psychiatry, Odate Municipal General Hospital, Odate, Akita, 9Mental Health Nursing, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan Background: Occupational stress among mental health nurses may affect their psychological health, resulting in reduced performance. To provide high-quality, sustainable nursing care, it is necessary to identify and control the factors associated with psychological health among mental health nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of work–family conflict (WFC in the well-known relationship between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were gathered from 180 mental health nurses who had a coresident child or were married. Data from the Work–Family Conflict Scale, the Generic Job Stress Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale were obtained via self-report questionnaires. The effects of occupational stress and WFC on psychological health were explored by hierarchical linear regression analysis. Results: The relationship between emotional exhaustion and occupational factors, including

  9. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Partnered Development of Cryogenic Life Support Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bush, David R.

    2014-01-01

    Partnering with National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to develop several cyrogenically based life support technologies to be used in mine escape and rescue scenarios. Technologies developed for mine rescue directly benefit future NASA rescue and ground operation missions.

  10. Technologies of the '80s: Their Impact on Vocational Agriculture Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffe, J. A., Ed.; And Others

    This report is one of seven that identify major new and emerging technological advances expected to influence major vocational education program areas and to describe the programmatic implications in terms of skill-knowledge requirements, occupations most directly affected, and the anticipated diffusion rate. Chapter 1 considers technology as…

  11. Level of job satisfaction amongst nurses in the North-West Province, South Africa: Post occupational specific dispensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sisinyana H. Khunou

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Job satisfaction and burnout have been recurring problems amongst nurses in the Republic of South Africa (RSA. As a result, nurses are still leaving the rural public sector in search of lucrative work at the urban and private sectors and in developed countries. Accordingly, Occupational Specific Dispensation (OSD was introduced as a strategy to ircumvent the problem. However, since the implementation of OSD in 2007, there have been no studies conducted regarding the level of job satisfaction amongst nurses after the implementation of OSD in the North-West Province, especially because each province has its own challenges that are unique to the area.Objectives: The study had two objectives: to describe the level of job satisfaction amongstprofessional and other category nurses (OCNs at a public hospital in the North-West Provinceand describe the perceptions of nurses about OSD and their intention to continue working inthe hospital.Method: A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional design was used. Stratified random sampling was used to select a sample of 92 professional nurses (PNs, 90 enrolled nurses and enrolled nursing assistants (Nursing Act 2005, which made a total of 182 participants. For the purpose of the study, the enrolled nurses and enrolled nursing assistants were referred to as OCNs. Data were collected using the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire–short form and OSD statements and analysed with Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS, version 18.Results: The majority of PNs (79.3%, n = 73 and OCNs (86.7%, n = 77 were dissatisfied with the working conditions and salary: PNs (80.4%, n = 74 and OCNs (87.8%, n = 79. The nurses mostly discredited the current state of the OSD implementation. Majority of the PNs (84%, n = 77 and OCNs (91%, n = 82 disagreed with the statement that ‘level of job satisfaction has improved after the implementation of OSD’.Conclusions: The National Department of Health should consider a

  12. How to enhance nursing students' intention to use information technology: the first step before integrating it in nursing curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonen, Ayala; Sharon, Dganit; Offir, Ana; Lev-Ari, Lilac

    2014-06-01

    Today, in the 21st century, information technology has an important and critical role in the healthcare delivery system. Nursing educators already know and understand that they should integrate nursing informatics into the nursing curriculum to prepare future nurses for the new world of information technology. However, as of now, the core program of nursing studies in Israel does not put an emphasis on the skills required to properly use nursing informatics. The present research is the first step toward achieving this target by recognizing the importance of the human factor. The main goal is to examine the correlation between nursing students' attitudes and a number of variables: self-efficacy, threat, challenge, and innovativeness. This quantitative study used a convenience sample of nursing students in a bachelor's degree program at a large academic center in central Israel. Results show significant positive correlations between nursing students' attitudes to computer use and self-efficacy, a sense of challenge in using a computer, a sense of threat in using a computer, and previous experience with computers. The insights of these results will benefit nursing educators by helping them find creative ways to expose the students to the world of information technology and to improve the quality of future nurses.

  13. Impact of a physical activity program on the anxiety, depression, occupational stress and burnout syndrome of nursing professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Rodrigues Freitas

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to assess the effects of a workplace physical activity (WPA program on levels of anxiety, depression, burnout, occupational stress and self-perception of health and work-related quality of life of a nursing team in a palliative care unit.METHODS: the WPA was conducted five days per week, lasting ten minutes, during three consecutive months. Twenty-one nursing professionals were evaluated before and after the intervention, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Maslch Burnout Inventory, and the Job Stress Scale. The changes in self-perceived health and work-related quality of life were measured using a semi-structured questionnaire.RESULTS: the WPA did not yield significant results on the levels of anxiety, depression, burnout or occupational stress. However, after the intervention, participants reported improved perceptions of bodily pain and feeling of fatigue at work.CONCLUSION: the WPA did not lead to beneficial effects on occupational stress and psychological variables, but it was well accepted by the nursing professionals, who reported improvement in perceptions of health and work-related quality of life.

  14. Impact of a physical activity program on the anxiety, depression, occupational stress and burnout syndrome of nursing professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Anderson Rodrigues; Carneseca, Estela Cristina; Paiva, Carlos Eduardo; Paiva, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    to assess the effects of a workplace physical activity (WPA) program on levels of anxiety, depression, burnout, occupational stress and self-perception of health and work-related quality of life of a nursing team in a palliative care unit. the WPA was conducted five days per week, lasting ten minutes, during three consecutive months. Twenty-one nursing professionals were evaluated before and after the intervention, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Maslch Burnout Inventory, and the Job Stress Scale. The changes in self-perceived health and work-related quality of life were measured using a semi-structured questionnaire. the WPA did not yield significant results on the levels of anxiety, depression, burnout or occupational stress. However, after the intervention, participants reported improved perceptions of bodily pain and feeling of fatigue at work. the WPA did not lead to beneficial effects on occupational stress and psychological variables, but it was well accepted by the nursing professionals, who reported improvement in perceptions of health and work-related quality of life.

  15. Cooperation within physician-nurse team in occupational medicine service in Poland - Knowledge about professional activities performed by the team-partner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakowski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    The goal of the study has been to learn about physicians' and nurses' awareness of the professional activities that are being performed by their colleague in the physician-nurse team. Postal questionnaires were sent out to occupational physicians and nurses in Poland. The analysis includes responses from 232 pairs of physician-nurse teams. The knowledge among occupational professionals about tasks performed by their colleagues in the physician-nurse team seems to be poor. Respondents were asked about who performs tasks from each of 21 groups mentioned in the Occupational Medicine Service Act. In the case of only 3 out of 21 groups of tasks, the rate of non-consistence in answers was lower than 30%. A specified number of professionals performed their tasks on the individual basis. Although in many cases their team colleagues knew about those activities, there was a major proportion of those who had no awareness of such actions. Polish occupational physicians and nurses perform a variety of tasks. Occupational nurses, besides medical role, also play important organizational roles in their units. The cooperation between the two professional groups is, however, slightly disturbed by the deficits in communication. This issue needs to be improved for the betterment of operations within the whole system. This work is available in Open Access model and licensed under a CC BY-NC 3.0 PL license.

  16. Occupational exposures among nurses caring for chemotherapy patients -Quantitative analysis of cyclophosphamide and α-fluoro-β-alanine in urine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Makiko; Ishii, Noriko; Kikuchi, Yukiko; Kudoh, Yukiko; Sugiyama, Reiko; Hasebe, Makiko

    2016-10-07

    The aim of this study was to measure the antineoplastic drug content in urine and verify the situation of occupational exposure of the antineoplastic drug among nurses who care for patients undergoing chemotherapy. Ten female nurses who were caring for patients receiving chemotherapy were the subjects of this study. Urine samples were collected over 24-hour periods, and each sample was analyzed. The excretion of cyclophosphamide (CP) and α-fluoro-β-alanine (FBAL) were measured in the urine of the 10 nurses. CP and FBAL were detected separately using gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MSMS) methods (Exposure Control, the Netherlands). CP was detected in 24 urine samples of 9 nurses. The total amount of CP excreted ranged from 5.4 to 44.2 ng/24-hours. The mean amount of CP excreted per nurse was 16.8 ng/24-hours. No significant difference was observed between the hospital I and II. FBAL was not detected in any of the urine samples. CP was detected in the urine of the nurses prior to their work shift. Moreover, CP was detected in the urine of the nurses who were not caring for patients in the intravenous drip of CP. There was most what answered that there was hair loss in health condition. The results reveal that almost all nurses were exposed to cyclophosphamide. Even when the patient in the intravenous drip of CP was not being cared for, it became clear that exposure by CP existed. As the route of the exposure to CP, the inhalation or dermal absorption can be considered. To ensure minimum exposed to antineoplastic drugs, suitable personal protective equipment needs to be equipped also of various scenes of caring for chemotherapy patients. Moreover, it is important to keep an eye on the monitoring of the antineoplastic drug in the environment and a nurse's health condition periodically going forward.

  17. Cultural events provided by employer and occupational wellbeing of employees: A cross-sectional study among hospital nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuisku, Katinka; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Virtanen, Marianna

    2016-09-27

    Occupational well-being in health care is essential for the quality of care and productivity. Some of the major challenges facing hospital nurses are the personnel turnover, emotional loading and health care reforms. After primary occupational safety and risk management, complementary positive health promotion approaches with cultural interventions can be experimented. To examine the association between well-being indicators of hospital nurses and their participation in cultural events provided by the employer (theater, concerts, exhibitions, museums, sight-seeing, and musicals) during past 6 months. Subjective well-being was measured by work engagement, workplace support for new ideas, work satisfaction and experienced stress. A dose-dependent association was found between participation in cultural events and positive psychology parameters of occupational well-being (support for new ideas and work engagement), but the experience of stress was unrelated to participation in cultural events. Collective participation has a positive covariant effect on work engagement and seems to mediate the innovative work climate measured by workplace support for new ideas. Collective cultural events for employees may promote positive aspects of occupational wellbeing.

  18. Nursing operations automation and health care technology innovations: 2025 and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suby, ChrysMarie

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews why nursing operations automation is important, reviews the impact of computer technology on nursing from a historical perspective, and considers the future of nursing operations automation and health care technology innovations in 2025 and beyond. The increasing automation in health care organizations will benefit patient care, staffing and scheduling systems and central staffing offices, census control, and measurement of patient acuity.

  19. The technology acceptance model: predicting nurses' intention to use telemedicine technology (eICU).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowitlawakul, Yanika

    2011-07-01

    The purposes of this study were to determine factors and predictors that influence nurses' intention to use the eICU technology, to examine the applicability of the Technology Acceptance Model in explaining nurses' intention to use the eICU technology in healthcare settings, and to provide psychometric evidence of the measurement scales used in the study. The study involved 117 participants from two healthcare systems. The Telemedicine Technology Acceptance Model was developed based on the original Technology Acceptance Model that was initially developed by Fred Davis in 1986. The eICU Acceptance Survey was used as an instrument for the study. Content validity was examined, and the reliability of the instrument was tested. The results show that perceived usefulness is the most influential factor that influences nurses' intention to use the eICU technology. The principal factors that influence perceived usefulness are perceived ease of use, support from physicians, and years working in the hospital. The model fit was reasonably adequate and able to explain 58% of the variance (R = 0.58) in intention to use the eICU technology with the nursing sample.

  20. Preparing to thrive during career transitions: tools for the occupational health nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Judy A

    2005-05-01

    Whether planned or unexpected, career transition can have positive results that lead to personal growth and a more fulfilling work life. The transition period should be recognized as an opportunity to assess the past and positively shape the future. Occupational health nurses who enhance their professional and communication skills and maintain up-to-date tools are likely to have a competitive advantage during career transitions. Recommended job search tools include an up-to-date and scannable resume and a portfolio that includes summaries of key accomplishments and recognition received, business references, and a network of contacts. Networking is most effective when it is a mutual exchange. Tullier (1998) suggests individuals remember to seek opportunities to provide value to those who have provided assistance, and to become a resource to those in need of assistance. Ways to support and mentor others include sharing a current article of interest or information about an event they might wish to attend, recommending them as speakers, nominating them for awards, volunteering assistance on a special project or to a charity they support, and acknowledging and congratulating them on their accomplishments. Developing a personal action plan might include objectives such as initiating more frequent contact with individuals in one's network, developing or updating job search tools, improving speaking or writing skills, or increasing involvement in professional or community organizations. Whatever the action items identified and completed, the result will be future career transitions that are more likely to yield positive outcomes.

  1. Health Information Technology, Patient Safety, and Professional Nursing Care Documentation in Acute Care Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavin, Mary Ann; Harper, Ellen; Barr, Nancy

    2015-04-14

    The electronic health record (EHR) is a documentation tool that yields data useful in enhancing patient safety, evaluating care quality, maximizing efficiency, and measuring staffing needs. Although nurses applaud the EHR, they also indicate dissatisfaction with its design and cumbersome electronic processes. This article describes the views of nurses shared by members of the Nursing Practice Committee of the Missouri Nurses Association; it encourages nurses to share their EHR concerns with Information Technology (IT) staff and vendors and to take their place at the table when nursing-related IT decisions are made. In this article, we describe the experiential-reflective reasoning and action model used to understand staff nurses' perspectives, share committee reflections and recommendations for improving both documentation and documentation technology, and conclude by encouraging nurses to develop their documentation and informatics skills. Nursing issues include medication safety, documentation and standards of practice, and EHR efficiency. IT concerns include interoperability, vendors, innovation, nursing voice, education, and collaboration.

  2. Nursing students' attitudes toward video games and related new media technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch-Sauer, Judith; Vandenbosch, Terry M; Kron, Frederick; Gjerde, Craig Livingston; Arato, Nora; Sen, Ananda; Fetters, Michael D

    2011-09-01

    Little is known about Millennial nursing students' attitudes toward computer games and new media in nursing education and whether these attitudes differ between undergraduates and graduates. This study elicited nursing students' experience with computer games and new media, their attitudes toward various instructional styles and methods, and the role of computer games and new media technologies in nursing education. We e-mailed all nursing students enrolled in two universities to invite their participation in an anonymous cross-sectional online survey. The survey collected demographic data and participants' experience with and attitudes toward video gaming and multi-player online health care simulations. We used descriptive statistics and logistic regression to compare the differences between undergraduates and graduates. Two hundred eighteen nursing students participated. Many of the nursing students support using new media technologies in nursing education. Nurse educators should identify areas suitable for new media integration and further evaluate the effectiveness of these technologies.

  3. How Do Nurses Manage Their Occupational Exposure to Cytotoxic Drugs? A Descriptive Survey in Chemotherapy Settings, Shiraz, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Momeni

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Occupational exposure to cytotoxic drugs is a global concern. We conducted this cross-sectional study in 2012 to describe the adverse effects experienced by nurses working in one of chemotherapy facilities affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, southern Iran, and their proper use of personal protective equipment and educational programs. The frequency of side effects reported by participants was noticeably high. Approximately, 60% of the nurses used all personal protective equipment. There were air conditioner ventilation systems in all facilities, but they were not standard. Clinics did not have any dedicated room. Lack of adequate training was noticeable among all participants. We concluded that establishment of safety regulations, health care workers safety surveillance systems as well as continuous training for nurses are of paramount importance.

  4. Occupational Therapy and the use of assistive technology as therapeutic resource in arthrogryposis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Cristina Rocha da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we present the intervention of occupational therapy through the use of Assistive Technology resources in a case of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC. It is a descriptive case study with qualitative research. We made use of two instruments: the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI was used for standardized assessment, while the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF was used for classification. We observed improvement of functional abilities comparing the first and second assessments after occupational therapy intervention through the use of Assistive Technology. Improvement was noted mainly in the continuous PEDI score, which compares the patient with himself/herself. Regarding the ICF, case evolution was observed in the component ‘Activities and Participation and Environmental Factors’ evaluated from the clinical history. The occupational therapist uses Assistive Technology as a therapeutic resource in rehabilitative care not only as a single resource, but also as a constituent element of clinical reasoning

  5. Retaining and assisting nontraditional nursing students in a baccalaureate nursing program utilizing Blackboard & Tegrity technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrill, Earlene B; Reinckens, Tina; Yarborough, Mildred; Robinson, Vaple I

    2006-01-01

    Historically Black College and University (HBCU) implemented new teaching methodologies that incorporate both technology and face-to-face teaching as a means of assisting and retaining the non-traditional student. Teaching strategies were enhanced through a new instructional delivery method, Tegrity. The course, Introduction to Nursing Process I, was transformed to a hybrid on-line course using Blackboard and Tegrity. Its transformation reflected inherent strengths when faculty used a systematic approach and implemented a strong team effort. A team approach including collaboration on lecture content and shared PowerPoint presentations in all sections of the course facilitated consistency in the course content. A conceptual model, which included a systems approach that encourages student involvement, was actualized throughout the project. This article utilizes a descriptive approach and explains what faculty did to retain and assist the 157 newly admitted non-traditional baccalaureate nursing students using two technological methods.

  6. Cooperation within physician–nurse team in occupational medicine service in Poland – Knowledge about professional activities performed by the team-partner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Sakowski

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The goal of the study has been to learn about physicians’ and nurses’ awareness of the professional activities that are being performed by their colleague in the physician–nurse team. Material and Methods: Postal questionnaires were sent out to occupational physicians and nurses in Poland. The analysis includes responses from 232 pairs of physician–nurse teams. Results: The knowledge among occupational professionals about tasks performed by their colleagues in the physician–nurse team seems to be poor. Respondents were asked about who performs tasks from each of 21 groups mentioned in the Occupational Medicine Service Act. In the case of only 3 out of 21 groups of tasks, the rate of non-consistence in answers was lower than 30%. A specified number of professionals performed their tasks on the individual basis. Although in many cases their team colleagues knew about those activities, there was a major proportion of those who had no awareness of such actions. Conclusions: Polish occupational physicians and nurses perform a variety of tasks. Occupational nurses, besides medical role, also play important organizational roles in their units. The cooperation between the two professional groups is, however, slightly disturbed by the deficits in communication. This issue needs to be improved for the betterment of operations within the whole system. Med Pr 2015;66(5:625–633

  7. Factors of adoption of mobile information technology by homecare nurses: a technology acceptance model 2 approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huiying; Cocosila, Mihail; Archer, Norm

    2010-01-01

    Pervasive healthcare support through mobile information technology solutions is playing an increasing role in the attempt to improve healthcare and reduce costs. Despite the apparent attractiveness, many mobile applications have failed or have not been implemented as predicted. Among factors possibly leading to such outcomes, technology adoption is a key problem. This must be investigated early in the development process because healthcare is a particularly sensitive area with vital social implications. Moreover, it is important to investigate technology acceptance using the support of scientific tools validated for relevant information systems research. This article presents an empirical study based on the Technology Acceptance Model 2 in mobile homecare nursing. The study elicited the perceptions of 91 Canadian nurses who used personal digital assistants for 1 month in their daily activities. A partial least squares modeling data analysis revealed that nurse's perception of usefulness is the main factor in the adoption of mobile technology, having subjective norm and image within the organization as significant antecedents. Overall, this study was the first attempt at investigating scientifically, through a pertinent information systems research model, user adoption of mobile systems by homecare nursing personnel.

  8. The impact of emerging technology on nursing care: warp speed ahead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huston, Carol

    2013-05-31

    While myriad forces are changing the face of contemporary healthcare, one could argue that nothing will change the way nursing is practiced more than current advances in technology. Indeed, technology is changing the world at warp speed and nowhere is this more evident than in healthcare settings. This article identifies seven emerging technologies that will change the practice of nursing; three skill sets nurses will need to develop to acquire, use, and integrate these emerging technologies; and four challenges nurse leaders will face in integrating this new technology.

  9. Occupational therapy research on assistive technology and physical environmental issues: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanoff, Synneve Dahlin; Iwarsson, Susanne; Sonn, Ulla

    2006-04-01

    To determine future directions for research in the area of assistive technology and physical environmental issues, it is important to have an understanding of prior research. This literature review examined how assistive technology and physical environmental issues have been studied in the research published in international peer-reviewed occupational therapy journals. Five recent volumes of nine journals were manually searched utilizing specific criteria. The publications were classified according to their perspective, application of the Person-Environment-Occupation (PEO) model, and the research design. Both research fields demonstrated use of different research methods and they displayed equal needs with regard to improved research methodologies. There are a lack of studies involving all three PEO components indicating a lack of research in occupational performance issues. Further research on occupational performance is important for developing occupational therapy practice in the area of assistive technology and physical environmental issues. Furthermore, study designs reflecting the societal level in all three PEO components are required. Finally, there is a strong need for conceptual and theoretical development in both fields.

  10. The use of assistive technology by occupational therapists in the Brazilian educational context: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paloma Greicy Ferreira de Sousa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present, through a bibliographic revision, how occupational therapists have organized their discussions on the use of assistive technology resources at the school environment. An active search around this theme was performed in different databases, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (Scielo; Virtual Health Library (Bireme; Revista de Terapia Ocupacional da Universidade de São Paulo; Cadernos de Terapia Ocupacional da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, for the period between 2005, to the first trimester of 2013. The result showed the systematization of eleven studies related to assistive technology, occupational therapy, the educational context, and educational inclusion. The analysis revealed that occupational therapists worry about the need to educate teachers to use the assistive technology resources in the process of educating disabled students. The number of works found is still small considering the demand of the assistive technology and education area. There is a greater number of works about research reports, and fewer works about the theoretical foundation of assistive technology and its relation with Occupational Therapy in the school environment.

  11. Nurses Configuration Chemotherapy Occupational Protection%护理人员配置化疗药物的职业防护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国华

    2014-01-01

    along with the development of cancer research,various types ofchemotherapy drugs being used in clinical. Nursing staf in the al ocation ofchemotherapeutic drugs,lack of protective equipment,facilities,nursing staf occupation safety consciousness dif erence,cause harm to the health of nursing staf .To investigate the protective measures to reduce theoccupation harm protection chemotherapy,chemotherapy nurses'healthand environmental safety is very important.Nursing staf should strengthen self protective,reduce chemotherapy drugs on their own.%随着对肿瘤研究的不断深入,各种类型的化疗药物不断被应用于临床。护理人员在配置化疗药物时,防护用具、设施不足,护理人员职业安全防护意识差,对护理人员健康造成危害。探讨防护对策对减少化疗职业危害,保护化疗护士健康和环境安全十分重要。护理人员必须加强自我防护,减轻化疗药物对自身的危害。

  12. Associations of Occupational Stressors, Perceived Organizational Support, and Psychological Capital with Work Engagement among Chinese Female Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoxi; Zou, Futing; Hao, Junhui

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76.4%). Hierarchical regression analysis and Preacher and Hayes' asymptotic and resampling strategies were used. Extrinsic effort was negatively associated with vigor, dedication, and absorption, while POS, PsyCap, and hope were positively associated with them. Reward and overcommitment were positively associated with dedication and absorption. Optimism was positively associated with vigor and dedication. Optimism mediated the associations of extrinsic effort, reward, and POS with vigor and dedication. PsyCap and hope mediated the associations of POS with vigor, dedication, and absorption. There is a low level of work engagement among Chinese female nurses. Extrinsic effort could reduce work engagement, while reward, overcommitment, POS, PsyCap, hope, and optimism could enhance work engagement. Hospital managers should develop the PsyCap of female nurses through controlling occupational stressors and establishing supportive organizational climate to enhance their work engagement. PMID:28168198

  13. Associations of Occupational Stressors, Perceived Organizational Support, and Psychological Capital with Work Engagement among Chinese Female Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoxi; Liu, Li; Zou, Futing; Hao, Junhui; Wu, Hui

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76.4%). Hierarchical regression analysis and Preacher and Hayes' asymptotic and resampling strategies were used. Extrinsic effort was negatively associated with vigor, dedication, and absorption, while POS, PsyCap, and hope were positively associated with them. Reward and overcommitment were positively associated with dedication and absorption. Optimism was positively associated with vigor and dedication. Optimism mediated the associations of extrinsic effort, reward, and POS with vigor and dedication. PsyCap and hope mediated the associations of POS with vigor, dedication, and absorption. There is a low level of work engagement among Chinese female nurses. Extrinsic effort could reduce work engagement, while reward, overcommitment, POS, PsyCap, hope, and optimism could enhance work engagement. Hospital managers should develop the PsyCap of female nurses through controlling occupational stressors and establishing supportive organizational climate to enhance their work engagement.

  14. Associations of Occupational Stressors, Perceived Organizational Support, and Psychological Capital with Work Engagement among Chinese Female Nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxi Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment, perceived organizational support (POS, and psychological capital (PsyCap and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330 completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76.4%. Hierarchical regression analysis and Preacher and Hayes’ asymptotic and resampling strategies were used. Extrinsic effort was negatively associated with vigor, dedication, and absorption, while POS, PsyCap, and hope were positively associated with them. Reward and overcommitment were positively associated with dedication and absorption. Optimism was positively associated with vigor and dedication. Optimism mediated the associations of extrinsic effort, reward, and POS with vigor and dedication. PsyCap and hope mediated the associations of POS with vigor, dedication, and absorption. There is a low level of work engagement among Chinese female nurses. Extrinsic effort could reduce work engagement, while reward, overcommitment, POS, PsyCap, hope, and optimism could enhance work engagement. Hospital managers should develop the PsyCap of female nurses through controlling occupational stressors and establishing supportive organizational climate to enhance their work engagement.

  15. Differences in lumbopelvic control and occupational behaviours in female nurses with and without a recent history of low back pain due to back injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babiolakis, Corinne S; Kuk, Jennifer L; Drake, Janessa D M

    2015-01-01

    Low back pain is highly prevalent in nurses. This study aimed to determine which physical fitness, physical activity (PA) and biomechanical characteristics most clearly distinguish between nurses with [recently injured (RInj)] and without [not recently injured (NRInj)] a recent back injury. Twenty-seven (8 RInj, 19 NRInj) female nurses completed questionnaires (pain, work, PA), physical fitness, biomechanical and low back discomfort measures, and wore an accelerometer for one work shift. Relative to NRInj nurses, RInj nurses exhibited reduced lumbopelvic control (41.4% more displayed a moderate loss of frontal plane position), less active occupational behaviours (less moderate PA; less patient lifts performed alone; more sitting and less standing time) and more than two times higher low back discomfort scores. Despite no physical fitness differences, the lumbopelvic control, occupational behaviours and discomfort measures differed between nurses with and without recent back injuries. It is unclear whether poor lumbopelvic control is causal or adaptive in RInj nurses and may require further investigation. Practitioner Summary: It is unclear which personal modifiable factors are most clearly associated with low back pain in nurses. Lumbopelvic control was the only performance-based measure to distinguish between nurses with and without recent back injuries. Future research may investigate whether reduced lumbopelvic control is causal or adaptive in recently injured nurses.

  16. Factors Predicting Nurse Educators' Acceptance and Use of Educational Technology in Classroom Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleveland, Sandra D.

    2014-01-01

    Nurse educators may express a willingness to use educational technology, but they may not have the belief or ability to carry out the technology use in the classroom. The following non-experimental, quantitative study examined factors that predict nurse educators' willingness to accept and use educational technology in the classroom. The sample…

  17. V-TECS Criterion-Referenced Test Item Bank for Radiologic Technology Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reneau, Fred; And Others

    This Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States (V-TECS) criterion-referenced test item bank provides 696 multiple-choice items and 33 matching items for radiologic technology occupations. These job titles are included: radiologic technologist, chief; radiologic technologist; nuclear medicine technologist; radiation therapy technologist;…

  18. Nursing students’ attitudes towards information communication technology:An exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic approach

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, J.J.; Clarke, Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test a shortened version of the Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health, in the investigation of nursing students with clinical placement experiences.Background: Nurses and nursing students need to develop high levels of competency in information and communication technology. However, they encounter significant barriers in the use of the technology. Although some instruments have been developed to measure factors that in...

  19. 护士工作压力与职业耗竭感的相关性研究%Correlation between occupational stress and nurse's burnout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余雪丹

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨武汉市三级医院护士工作压力与职业耗竭感的关系。方法:应用工作压力问卷、职业耗竭感问卷对武汉市3所三级医院的176名护士进行问卷调查,分析工作压力与职业耗竭感之间的关系。结果:护士面临较大的工作压力,其中来自工作环境与性质的压力最大(19.39±7.95);护士职业耗竭感从整体状况来看并不十分严重,但情绪衰竭体验比较严重;护士职业耗竭感与工作压力呈正相关(r=0.219,P<0.01),随工作压力的增加,职业耗竭感的程度变得更为严重。结论:护士工作压力对职业耗竭感有重要影响,建议护理管理者采取有效的管理方法,减少护士的工作压力,从而减轻其职业耗竭感。%Objective:To explore the correlation between occupational stress and nurse's burnout in tertiary hospitals in Wuhan. Methods:Totally 176 nurses from three tertiary hospitals in Wuhan were investigated by MBI-GS and questionnaire about occupational stress in order to analyze the correlation between occupational stress and nurse's burnout. Results:The nurses had a higher level of occupational stress .The whole burnout state of nurse was not serious, but the emotion exhaustion was more serious. The nurse's burnout was related to occupational stress positively. The higher occupational stress was, the more serious nurse's burnout was. Conclusion:Occupational stress have important effects on nurse's burnout. Nursing managers should use effective measures to reduce nurse's occupational stress and burnout.

  20. Predicting nurses' use of healthcare technology using the technology acceptance model: an integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strudwick, Gillian

    2015-05-01

    The benefits of healthcare technologies can only be attained if nurses accept and intend to fully use them. One of the most common models utilized to understand user acceptance of technology is the Technology Acceptance Model. This model and modified versions of it have only recently been applied in the healthcare literature among nurse participants. An integrative literature review was conducted on this topic. Ovid/MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and CINAHL were searched yielding a total of 982 references. Upon eliminating duplicates and applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the review included a total of four dissertations, three symposium proceedings, and 13 peer-reviewed journal articles. These documents were appraised and reviewed. The results show that a modified Technology Acceptance Model with added variables could provide a better explanation of nurses' acceptance of healthcare technology. These added variables to modified versions of the Technology Acceptance Model are discussed, and the studies' methodologies are critiqued. Limitations of the studies included in the integrative review are also examined.

  1. Role development of nurses for technology-dependent children attending mainstream schools in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Fumie; Suzuki, Machiko

    2015-04-01

    To describe the role development of nurses caring for medical technology-dependent children attending Japanese mainstream schools. Semi-structured interviews with 21 nurses caring for technology-dependent children were conducted and analyzed using the modified grounded theory approach. Nurses developed roles centered on maintaining technology-dependent children's physical health to support children's learning with each other, through building relationships, learning how to interact with children, understanding the children and the school community, and realizing the meaning of supporting technology-dependent children. These findings support nurses to build relationships of mutual trust with teachers and children, and learn on the job in mainstream schools. © 2015, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. 护士艾滋病病毒职业暴露及其预防和处置%AIDS Virus Occupation Exposure of Nurses and Its Prevention and Disposal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏春艳

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyze the potential HIV occupation exposure risk factors in the nursing process, propose strictly conform to the universal prevention principle and nursing operation technology, rationally use personal protection equipment, do a good job in skin prevention and hand hygiene, avoid and prevent stab, timely clear spilling blood and humor and prevent the occurrence of occupation exposure. After the occupation exposure occurs, the occupation exposure area should be handled urgently according to the requirement, the exposure level and risk degree of exposure source are e-valuated, and the drug prevention plan after the occupation exposure is determined according to the evaluation results thus avoiding the occurrence of HIV infection and practically ensuring the safety of nurses.%该文分析护理过程中可能存在的HIV职业暴露危险因素,提出严格遵守普遍性预防原则和护理操作技术,合理使用个体防护用品,做好皮肤防护和手卫生,避免和防止锐器刺伤,及时清除溅出的血液和体液,预防职业暴露的发生。发生职业暴露后,要按要求紧急处置职业暴露区域,评估暴露级别和暴露源危险程度,根据评估结果确定采用的职业暴露后药物预防方案,避免HIV感染的发生,切实保证护士安全。

  3. Nursing Competencies for Multiple Modalities of Connected Health Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saranto, Kaija; Ronquillo, Charlene; Velez, Olivia

    2017-01-01

    An overview of the rapid and diverse number developments in health information technologies (HIT) in recent years are described in this chapter and the move towards more integrated and connected health is described. The evolution of HIT is described as it has increased in complexity, diversity, connectivity, and more recently, the move towards multiple modalities. Examples of developments in various settings are represented from clinical settings, at home, and in low-resource settings. The implications of the move towards multiple modalities for nursing competencies and the move towards personalized and connected health are discussed, highlighting important areas for consideration and development in the future.

  4. Enfermagem na equipa de saúde ocupacional Salud laboral en enfermería Nursing in the occupational health team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Santos

    2012-03-01

    Economic Evaluation Database, entender qué lugar ocupa la enfermería en el equipo de salud laboral y describir cómo esta se lleva a cabo en diferentes países con diversas perspectivas y objetivos. La salud laboral incluye actualmente un enfoque integral, que abarca aspectos no laborales que interfieren en la salud del trabajador y puede englobar a la familia y/o a la comunidad. A nivel internacional, las tareas predominantemente curativas han dado paso a otras de prevención y de gestión, con numerosos programas que la enfermera de salud laboral está capacitada para dirigir, asumiendo así un papel central, completo e integrativo dentro del equipo. Por último, es fundamental cuantificar los costes de las actividades previas y posteriores para valorizar su trabajo financieramente, atendiendo así a la gestión de la entidad empleadora.Portuguese law does not define the precise qualifications of occupational health nurses or their role in the occupational health team. A literature review was carried out using the keywords “nursing work and occupational health,” in the databases Medline with Full Text, MedicLatina, Academic Search, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Nursing and Allied Health Collection, Health Technology Assess and NHS Economic Evaluation Database, The aim was to understand the place of nursing in occupational health, describing how this is implemented in different countries with different perspectives and goals. Occupational health now uses a comprehensive approach which includes non-work aspects that interfere with worker health and may include family and/or community. Internationally, predominantly curative tasks have given way to others centered on prevention and management, with numerous programs that the occupational health nurse is able to lead, assuming a central role, fully integrated within the team. Finally, it is crucial to

  5. Nurses' Satisfaction With Using Nursing Information Systems From Technology Acceptance Model and Information Systems Success Model Perspectives: A Reductionist Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hsien-Cheng

    2017-02-01

    Nursing information systems can enhance nursing practice and the efficiency and quality of administrative affairs within the nursing department and thus have been widely considered for implementation. Close alignment of human-computer interaction can advance optimal clinical performance with the use of information systems. However, a lack of introduction of the concept of alignment between users' perceptions and technological functionality has caused dissatisfaction, as shown in the existing literature. This study provides insight into the alignment between nurses' perceptions and how technological functionality affects their satisfaction with Nursing Information System use through a reductionist perspective of alignment. This cross-sectional study collected data from 531 registered nurses in Taiwan. The results indicated that "perceived usefulness in system quality alignment," "perceived usefulness in information quality alignment," "perceived ease of use in system quality alignment," "perceived ease of use in information quality alignment," and "perceived ease of use in service quality alignment" have significantly affected nurses' satisfaction with Nursing Information System use. However, "perceived usefulness in service quality alignment" had no significant effect on nurses' satisfaction. This study also provides some meaningful implications for theoretical and practical aspects of design.

  6. Predictors of occupational burnout among nurses: a dominance analysis of job stressors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ji-Wei; Bai, Hua-Yu; Li, Jia-Huan; Lin, Ping-Zhen; Zhang, Hui-Hui; Cao, Feng-Lin

    2017-02-08

    To quantitatively compare dimensions of job stressors' effects on nurses' burnout. Nurses, a key group of health service providers, often experience stressors at work. Extensive research has examined the relationship between job stressors and burnout; however, less has specifically compared the effects of job stressor domains on nurses' burnout. A quantitative cross-sectional survey examined three general hospitals in Jinan, China. Participants were 602 nurses. We compared five potential stressors' ability to predict nurses' burnout using dominance analysis and assuming that each stressor was intercorrelated. Strong positive correlations were found between all five job stressors and burnout. Interpersonal relationships and management issues most strongly predicted participants' burnout (11·3% of average variance). Job stressors, and particularly interpersonal relationships and management issues, significantly predict nurses' job burnout. Understanding the relative effect of job stressors may help identify fruitful areas for intervention and improve nurse recruitment and retention. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Nurses' perception of single-occupancy versus multioccupancy rooms in acute care environments: an exploratory comparative assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhury, Habib; Mahmood, Atiya; Valente, Maria

    2006-08-01

    Health care design professionals, planners, and administrators cite the advantages of private patient rooms, including reduction of hospital-acquired infections, reduction of patient stress levels, and facilitation of nurses' and health care workers' efficiency [e.g., Ulrich, R. (2003). Creating a healing environment with evidence-based design. Paper presented at the American Institute of Architects, Academy of Architecture for Health virtual seminar-Healing environments; Ulrich, R., Quan, X., Zimring, C., Joseph, A., & Choudhary, R. (2004). The role of the physical environment in the hospital of the 21st century: A once-in-a-lifetime-opportunity. ]. A review of the literature revealed that operating costs are reduced in single-patient rooms compared with multioccupancy rooms due to reduction in transfer cost, higher bed occupancy rates, and reduction in labor cost. In addition, single rooms can positively impact patients' hospital experience through increased privacy, better interaction between family and staff, and reduced noise and anxiety. This pilot study focused on nurses' perception of the advantages and disadvantages of single-occupancy versus multioccupancy patient rooms in medical-surgical units in four hospitals in the northwest. A majority of respondents in the four hospitals favored single rooms over double-occupancy rooms for the majority of the 15 categories, including the following: appropriateness for patient examination, interaction with or accommodation of family members, and lower probability of dietary mix-ups. Future studies need to carefully examine the objective measures of patient care variables (e.g., incidents of medication errors, opportunities for surveillance), patient outcomes (e.g., recovery rate, falls), and implications of room occupancy on operating costs.

  8. Chinese Nurses' Acceptance of PDA: A Cross-Sectional Survey Using a Technology Acceptance Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yanling; Xiao, Qian; Sun, Liu; Wu, Ying

    2016-01-01

    This study explores Chinese nurses' acceptance of PDA, using a questionnaire based on the framework of Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). 357 nurses were involved in the study. The results reveal the scores of the nurses' acceptance of PDA were means 3.18~3.36 in four dimensions. The younger of nurses, the higher nurses' title, the longer previous usage time, the more experienced using PDA, and the more acceptance of PDA. Therefore, the hospital administrators may change strategies to enhance nurses' acceptance of PDA, and promote the wide application of PDA.

  9. Construction and effects of nursing protection system of blood-borne pathogens occupational exposure%护理人员血源性病原体职业暴露防护体系的构建与效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香; 曹胡林; 刘菊香; 祝宁; 易先云; 严玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the construction and effects of nursing protection system of blood - borne pathogens occupational exposure. Methods The nursing protection system of bloodbome occupational exposure was built and implemented, which was composed of six parts, the organizational system,the institutional system,the technology system,the equipment system,the medical security system and the evaluation index system. Results After the implementation of the nursing protection system,the incidence of occupational exposure was decreased (P<0.01 ). The qualified rate of hand hygiene compliance, the qualified rates of theory tests and skills examination and the nurses' occupational safety satisfaction were all improved ( P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion The construction and implementation of the nursing bloodborne occupational exposure protection system can reduce the risk of bloodbome occupational exposure.%目的 探讨护理人员血源性病原体职业暴露防护体系的构建与效果.方法 构建了由组织体系、制度体系、技术体系、设备体系、医疗保障体系、考核指标体系6部分组成的护理人员血源性病原体职业暴露安全防护体系并予以实施.结果 护理人员血源性病原体职业暴露发生率降低(P<0.01);手卫生依从性合格率、理论考试及技术操作合格率、职业安全满意度提高(P<0.01).结论 护理人员血源性病原体职业暴露安全防护体系的构建和实施可将血源性病原体职业暴露风险降到最低程度.

  10. Ethical standards for the occupational health-nursing practitioner regarding the HIV positive person in the workplace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A C Botes

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The occupational health-nursing practitioner often becomes involved in ethical dilemmas with regard to the handling of HIV-positive people in the workplace in that the interests of the HIV-positive people conflict with the interests of the employer.

    Opsomming
    Die beroepsgesondheidsverpleegkundige raak dikwels in etiese dilemmas betrokke ten opsigte van die hantering van die MIV-positiewe persoon by die werkplek deurdat die belange van die MIV-positiewe persoon botsend is met die belange van die werkgewer. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  11. The Radical Flank Effect and Cross-occupational Collaboration for Technology Development during a Power Shift.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truelove, Emily; Kellogg, Katherine C

    2016-12-01

    This 12-month ethnographic study of an early entrant into the U.S. car-sharing industry demonstrates that when an organization shifts its focus from developing radical new technology to incrementally improving this technology, the shift may spark an internal power struggle between the dominant engineering group and a challenger occupational group such as the marketing group. Analyzing 42 projects in two time periods that required collaboration between engineering and marketing during such a shift, we show how cross-occupational collaboration under these conditions can be facilitated by a radical flank threat, through which the bargaining power of moderates is strengthened by the presence of a more-radical group. In the face of a strong threat by radical members of a challenger occupational group, moderate members of the dominant engineering group may change their perceptions of their power to resist challengers' demands and begin to distinguish between the goals of radical versus more-moderate challengers. To maintain as much power as possible and prevent the more-dramatic change in engineering occupational goals demanded by radical challengers, moderate engineers may build a coalition with moderate challengers and collaborate for incremental technology development.

  12. Healthcare information technology and medical-surgical nurses: the emergence of a new care partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, An'Nita; Fisher, Kathleen

    2012-03-01

    Healthcare information technology in US hospitals and ambulatory care centers continues to expand, and nurses are expected to effectively and efficiently utilize this technology. Researchers suggest that clinical information systems have expanded the realm of nursing to integrate technology as an element as important in nursing practice as the patient or population being served. This study sought to explore how medical surgical nurses make use of healthcare information technology in their current clinical practice and to examine the influence of healthcare information technology on nurses' clinical decision making. A total of eight medical surgical nurses participated in the study, four novice and four experienced. A conventional content analysis was utilized that allowed for a thematic interpretation of participant data. Five themes emerged: (1) healthcare information technology as a care coordination partner, (2) healthcare information technology as a change agent in the care delivery environment, (3) healthcare information technology-unable to meet all the needs, of all the people, all the time, (4) curiosity about healthcare information technology-what other bells and whistles exist, and (5) Big Brother is watching. The results of this study indicate that a new care partnership has emerged as the provision of nursing care is no longer supplied by a single practitioner but rather by a paired team, consisting of nurses and technology, working collaboratively in an interdependent relationship to achieve established goals.

  13. Educational technology in care management: technological profile of nurses in Portuguese hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landeiro, Maria José Lumini; Freire, Rosa Maria Albuquerque; Martins, Maria Manuela; Martins, Teresa Vieira; Peres, Heloísa Helena Ciqueto

    2015-12-01

    Objective To identify the technological profile of nurses in Portuguese hospitals. Method A quantitative exploratory study conducted in two hospitals in the northern region and one in the central region of Portugal. The sample was randomly selected and included 960 nurses. Results Of the participants, 420 (46.1%) used computers, 196 (23.4%) reported having knowledge about using computers for teaching, 174 (21.1%) used computers to teach, 112 (15.1%) recognized that using computers can be a technological means to supplement classroom training, 477 (61.6%) would like to receive training on using computers, and 382 (40.9%) reported self-learning of information technology. In relation to distance education, 706 (74.9%) reported they were familiar with it and 752 (76.4%) indicated an interest in participating in training using this modality. Conclusion Organizations should be mindful of the technological profile shown by this group of nurses and look for ways to introduce educational technologies in the management of care.

  14. Policy implementation and financial incentives for nurses in South Africa: a case study on the occupation-specific dispensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duane Blaauw

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In 2007, the South African government introduced the occupation-specific dispensation (OSD, a financial incentive strategy, to attract, motivate, and retain health professionals in the public sector. Implementation commenced with the nursing sector, but there have been unintended negative consequences. Objective: First, to examine implementation of the OSD for nurses using Hogwood and Gunn's framework that outlines ‘perfect implementation’ pre-conditions. Second, to highlight the conditions for the successful implementation of financial incentives. Methods: A qualitative case study design using a combination of a document review and in-depth interviews with 42 key informants. Results: The study found that there were several implementation weaknesses. Only a few of the pre-conditions were met for OSD policy implementation. The information systems required for successful policy implementation, such as the public sector human resource data base and the South African Nursing Council register of specialised nurses were incomplete and inaccurate, thus undermining the process. Insufficient attention was paid to time and resources, dependency relationships, task specification, and communication and coordination. Conclusion: The implementation of financial incentives requires careful planning and management in order to avoid loss of morale and staff grievances.

  15. Effects of rational emotive occupational health therapy intervention on the perceptions of organizational climate and occupational risk management practices among electronics technology employees in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogbuanya, Theresa Chinyere; Eseadi, Chiedu; Orji, Chibueze Tobias; Ede, Moses Onyemaechi; Ohanu, Ifeanyi Benedict; Bakare, Jimoh

    2017-05-01

    Improving employees' perception of organizational climate, and coaching them to remain steadfast when managing occupational risks associated with their job, might have an important effect on their psychosocial wellbeing and occupational health. This study examined the effects of a rational emotive occupational health therapy intervention program on the perceptions of organizational climate and occupational risk management practices. The participants were 77 electronics technology employees in the south-east of Nigeria. The study used a pretest-posttest control group design. The rational emotive occupational health therapy intervention program significantly improved perceptions of the organizational climate for the people in the treatment group compared to those in the waitlist control group at post-intervention and follow-up assessments. Occupational risk management practices of the employees in the treatment group were also significantly better than those in the waitlist control group at the same 2 assessments. Corporate application of a rational emotive behavior therapy as an occupational health therapy intervention program is essential for improving the perceptions of organizational climate and promoting the adoption of feasible occupational risk management strategies in the workplace.

  16. Use and Acceptance of Mobile Technology by Hospital Nurses in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmeer, Regina; Behrends, Marianne; Kupka, Thomas; Meyenburg-Altwarg, Iris; Marschollek, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study was to measure and describe user behavior, information and communication technology (ICT) competence and technology acceptance of hospital nurses. 36 nurses received for six weeks a mobile phone or a tablet pc with mobile application and answered one questionnaire before and after the six weeks. The participating nurses show a high technology acceptance and private daily use of technologies. Younger participants judge their ICT competency higher than older nurses. The perceived ease of use is significantly higher in younger participants. The perceived usefulness was evaluated heterogeneously. Despite the barriers mobile technology is perceived as useful for nurses in their daily work. Factors influencing personal, institutional and device acceptance were determined in this study and can be helpful to facilitate the process of implementation of mobile technology.

  17. Simulating care: technology-mediated learning in twenty-first century nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diener, Elizabeth; Hobbs, Nelda

    2012-01-01

    The increased reliance on simulation classrooms has proven successful in learning skills. Questions persist concerning the ability of technology-driven robotic devices to form and cultivate caring behaviors, or sufficiently develop interactive nurse-client communication necessary in the context of nursing. This article examines the disconnects created by use of simulation technology in nursing education, raising the question: "Can learning of caring-as-being, be facilitated in simulation classrooms?" We propose that unless time is spent with human beings in the earliest stages of nursing education, transpersonal caring relationships do not have space to develop. Learning, crafting, and maturation of caring behaviors threatens to become a serendipitous event or is no longer perceived as an essential characteristic of nursing. Technology does not negate caring-the isolation it fosters makes transpersonal caring all the more important. We are called to create a new paradigm for nursing education that merges Nightingale's vision with technology's promise. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Governing mobile technology use for continuing professional development in the Australian nursing profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mather, Carey Ann; Gale, Fred; Cummings, Elizabeth Anne

    2017-01-01

    The rapid growth in the use of mobile technology in Australia has outpaced its governance, especially in healthcare settings. Whilst some Australian professional bodies and organisations have developed standards and guidelines to direct appropriate use of social media and mobile technology, clear governance arrangements regarding when, where and how to use mobile technology at point of care in nursing are currently lacking. This paper analyses how the use of mobile technology by nurses at point of care is governed. It highlights the existence of a mobile technology paradox: an identified inability of nurses to access mobile technology in a context where it is increasingly recognised that its use in situ can enhance nursing practice while contributing to mobile learning and continuing professional development. While the recent release of the Registered Nurse Standards for Practice and accompanying Standard for Continuing Professional Development provides some direction regarding professional standards to support the use of mobile technology for mobile learning, we argue a more inclusive approach is required if emerging technologies are to be fully embraced. We describe how an implementation framework, underpinned by more detailed standards, guidelines and codes, could enable the nursing profession to be leaders in embedding mobile technology in healthcare environments nationally and globally. The prevalence of mobile technology in Australia has outpaced its governance in healthcare environments. Its limited availability at point of care is hindering nursing practice, mobile learning and continuing professional development. We discuss the emergence of mobile technology and impediments for its use by nurses in situ. We analyse the professional codes governing nursing, outlining potential reforms to enable implementation of mobile technology at point of care by nurses.

  19. Resources and technologies in Social Occupational Therapy: actions with the poor youth in town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseli Esquerdo Lopesa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The METUIA team from the Occupational Therapy Department of the Federal University of Sao Carlos – UFSCar has been elaborating procedures and resources, which have produced contributions to the action of occupational therapy based on a local and communal dimension, aiming at a locally rooted technical contribution and directed to face the challenges of the social field. The territory notion adopted presupposes historical, economic, social and cultural dimensions that contextualize a given geographical area where the therapeutic and occupational action is developed. We have been dealing with questions related to the poor urban youth and working in the production of social technologies (understood as products, techniques or replicable methodologies developed in interaction with the community, and that represent alternatives for social transformation, which have been able to foster new possibilities of action, integrating and articulating actions of macro and micro social scope. This article presents discussions on Workshops of Dynamics, Activities and Projects; Individual and Territorial Follow-up; Articulation of Resources in the Social Field; and Dynamization of the Social Care Network. We support a continuous and critical reflection on the labor process, assuming the technical, ethical and political dimensions that comprise the professional qualification of occupational therapists. We also advocate that the practical and conceptual existence of these technologies promotes actions associated with the social question of the lives of these young individuals, seeking the expansion of equality, recognition of differences, and their space in the public sphere, so that more participation can be produced with more freedom, autonomy and solidarity.

  20. 职业幸福感在护理实践中的研究进展%The Research Progresss of Occupational Well-being in Nursing Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阚秀芬

    2015-01-01

    Summary based on the occupation of happiness research, a comprehensive and systematic understanding of the nurse occupation happiness meaning, measuring tools, theories, and related study of occupational happiness in nursing prac-tice, from individual factors, environmental, demographic characteristics and social factors affecting nurse occupation well-being and other aspects of support, in order to improve the quality of nursing service, provide reference suggestion of the training quality of nursing professional.%通过对职业幸福感相关研究成果进行概括总结,全面系统了解护士职业幸福感的含义﹑测量工具﹑相关理论,以及职业幸福感在护理实践中的相关研究,从个体因素﹑工作环境﹑人口学特征及社会支持等方面分析护士职业幸福感的影响因素,为提高护理服务质量,护理专业人才素质的培养提供可参考的建议.

  1. Study about nurse occupation burnout and its related factors%护士职业倦怠及其相关因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉莉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand of clinical nurse occupation burnout and its influencing factors,to improve the clinical nursing management and provide a theoretical basis.Methods By using the self - designed questionnaire and general situation of occupation burnout inventory,184 nurses in clinical work for more than a year were investigated about occupation burnout and its related factors.Results The clinical nurse occupation burnout scale score was 65.48 +/- 16.49,in addition to the marital status of nurses,personnel relationship,job titles,academic,departments type,length of service and factors such as age and nurse's occupation were correlated with burnout (P<0.05).Conclusions Clinical nursing occupation burnout level is higher,managers should be according to the occupation burnout of the factors related to take corresponding measures to intervene,improve nurses ' mental health level,thus to improve the nursing service quality.%目的 了解临床护士职业倦怠状况及其影响因素,为提高临床护理管理工作提供理论基础.方法 采用自行设计的一般情况调查表和职业倦怠量表,对184名参与临床工作一年以上的在职护士进行职业倦怠及相关因素问卷调查.结果 临床护士的职业倦怠量表得分为(65.48±16.49),除护士的婚姻状况外,护士的职称、人事关系、职务、学历、所在科室类型、工龄及年龄等因素均与护士的职业倦怠程度呈相关性(P<0.05).结论 临床护士的整体职业倦怠水平较高,管理者应当根据职业倦怠的各相关因素采取相应的措施进行干预,提高护士群体的心理健康水平,从而提高护理服务工作质量.

  2. The effect of organizational commitment on nurses' occupation identity%组织承诺对护士职业认同感的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑方萍; 徐带弟; 王林俊

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨组织承诺对护士职业认同感的影响。方法:采用中国职工组织承诺量表和护士职业认同评价量表对203名护士进行问卷调查,采用Pearson相关分析法和分层回归分析法探讨组织承诺对护士职业认同感的影响。结果:①护士组织承诺和职业认同总均分分别为(2.15±0.44)分和(3.47±0.83)分;②Pearson相关分析显示,组织承诺各维度得分与职业认知评价、职业社交技巧、职业挫折应对、职业社会支持呈显著正相关(P<0.05);③分层回归分析显示,组织承诺各维度可联合解释护士职业认同28.3%的变异。结论:护士组织承诺和职业认同水平不高,组织承诺是其职业认同的重要影响因素。%Objective:To explore the effect of organizational commitment on nurses' occupation identity. Methods:Totally 203 nurses were recruited and investigated by the Chinese Employees' Organizational Commitment Scale and the Nurse Occupation Approval Rating Scale. Pearson correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results:①The mean scores of organizational commitment and nurses' occupation identity were (2.15±0.44) and (3.47±0.83), respectively; ② Pearson correlation analysis showed that each dimension of organizational commitment was significantly correlated to occupation cognition and evaluation, occupation social skills, occupation frustration coping, and occupation social support (P<0.05); ③ Hierarchical regression analysis showed that all the dimensions of organizational commitment could explain 28.3%of the variance of nurses' occupation identity. Conclusions:The levels of organizational commitment and nurses' occupation identity were not high. The organizational commitment was an important inlfuencing factor of occupation identity.

  3. Assistive technology as an alternative to physical restraints in psychogeriatric nursing homes.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwijsen, S.; Boekhorst, S. te; Hertogh, C.; Francke, A.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Assistive technology is proposed as an alternative to physical restraints in nursing home care for people with dementia. The number of nursing homes implementing assistive technology is steadily rising. However, research on usability is lacking. Objectives: This mixed methods study

  4. The Design and Implementation of Authentic Learning with Mobile Technology in Vocational Nursing Practice Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Ying-Hung; Wu, Ting-Ting; Chiu, Po-Sheng; Huang, Yueh-Min

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, along with the development of mobile technology, vocational nursing education has improved greatly. In light of this emerging mobile technology, it brings the clinical practice of vocational nursing education closer to authentic learning than ever. In fact, some studies revealed that learners' learn states and learning outcomes…

  5. PATHWAYS TO HEALTH CAREERS, EXPLORING HEALTH OCCUPATIONS AND PROFESSIONS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Health Careers Council of Illinois, Chicago.

    CAREERS IN THE AREAS OF DENTISTRY, DIETETICS, MEDICAL RECORD LIBRARY SCIENCE, MEDICAL LABORATORY WORK, MEDICINE, NURSING, OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY, OPTOMETRY, PHARMACY, PHYSICAL THERAPY, PODIATRY, PUBLIC HEALTH, RADIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGY, SOCIAL WORK, VETERINARY MEDICINE, HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION, AND OTHER HEALTH OCCUPATIONS ARE DESCRIBED IN TERMS OF THE…

  6. Adoption of Speech Recognition Technology in Community Healthcare Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Masslawi, Dawood; Block, Lori; Ronquillo, Charlene

    2016-01-01

    Adoption of new health information technology is shown to be challenging. However, the degree to which new technology will be adopted can be predicted by measures of usefulness and ease of use. In this work these key determining factors are focused on for design of a wound documentation tool. In the context of wound care at home, consistent with evidence in the literature from similar settings, use of Speech Recognition Technology (SRT) for patient documentation has shown promise. To achieve a user-centred design, the results from a conducted ethnographic fieldwork are used to inform SRT features; furthermore, exploratory prototyping is used to collect feedback about the wound documentation tool from home care nurses. During this study, measures developed for healthcare applications of the Technology Acceptance Model will be used, to identify SRT features that improve usefulness (e.g. increased accuracy, saving time) or ease of use (e.g. lowering mental/physical effort, easy to remember tasks). The identified features will be used to create a low fidelity prototype that will be evaluated in future experiments.

  7. Using a private-public partnership to supplement healthcare information technology in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cholewka, Patricia A; Harkins, John; Hoelper, Stephen; Schrieber, John; Daniel, Ralph Eddy; Kaur, Jasdip

    2012-01-01

    Various reports by the World Bank and U.S. business technology executives, academics, economists, researchers, and government policymakers have recommended crafting a new educational model for educating America's future workforce including nurses in their professional research pursuits. According to the National League for Nursing, nursing research is an integral part of the scientific enterprise of improving the nation's health. A major aim of this new educational focus is the partnering of private business enterprises and public educational institutions to achieve this outcome, i.e., public-private partnerships. Merck & Co., Inc. will partner/collaborate on a student learning pilot project with New York City College of Technology of the City University of New York Department of Nursing Bachelor of Nursing Program students - all practicing New York State Registered Professional Nurses - who are taking either Nursing Informatics or Leadership in the Management of Client Care courses.

  8. The influence of assistive technology on occupational performance and satisfaction of leprosy patients with grade 2 disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas da Silva Muniz

    Full Text Available Abstract INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the feasibility of assistive technology (AT devices to improve leprosy patients' occupational performances and satisfaction. METHODS: This is a pretest-posttest design study. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure was used to assess the occupational performance and satisfaction of five leprosy participants with grade 2 disabilities before and after ten 45-minute interventions using assistive technology devices. RESULTS: The data showed a statistically significant 7-point average improvement (p<0.05 in participants' post-intervention performance and satisfaction scores. CONCLUSIONS: Assistive technology devices may be useful therapeutic tools to enhance autonomy/independence and satisfaction of leprosy patients with grade 2 disabilities.

  9. [Brazilian technological output in the area of nursing: advances and challenges].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koerich, Micheline Henrique Araujo da Luz; Vieira, Raquel Heloisa Guedes; Silva, Daniela Eda; Erdmann, Alacoque Lorenzini; Meirelles, Betina Horner Shlindwein

    2011-12-01

    This article aims to analyze the patents registered in the nursing area, since these patents may be used as an indicator of the technological development in the area. It presents and discusses national technological productions, tracked through the "nursing" keyword, patented in the period from 1990-2009. This is a retrospective documental research, using, as a source, data from the National Industrial Property Institute (INPI). The information gathered is discussed in relation to the appropriation of the technologies, the incentive to develop them and register them as a source of knowledge in the nursing field, aiming the practice of care. Light and light hard technology productions are increasing in the nursing field. However, these are not registered and patented. The technological advance in the nursing field is emergent and needs policies for its development.

  10. Analysis of technologies and experiences for reducing occupational radiation dose and study for applying to regulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Joo Hyun; Park, Moon Soo; Lee, Un Jang; Song, Jae Hyuk; Kim, Byeong Soo; Kim, Chong Uk [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-01-15

    To reduce Occupational Radiation Dose (ORD) effectively and enhance the radiological safety, the comprehensive assessment of the experiences to reduce ORD should be made by regulatory body as well as utilities. Hence, the objective of this study is to assess the experiences for reducing ORD from the regulatory viewpoint. With the research objective, the followings are performed in this research; analysis of occupational dose trends at domestic and foreign NPPs, identification of the effective technologies for reducing ORD, examination of the effects of the technologies for reducing ORD, derivation of the regulatory means for implementing he research results. From this study, the regulatory means for effective reduction of ORD are derived. Hence, the results can be utilized as a basic materials for ALARA requirements.

  11. Occupational Therapy and assistive technology: thoughts about the experience with collaborative school consulting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Ramos Baleotti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study presents thoughts and ideas based on the experience developed in the project entitled Assistive Technology for Inclusion of Students with Physical Disorders: Resources and Procedures, in development since 2009. This project aims to help in the process of school inclusion of students with physical disorder in Early Childhood Education in the city of Marilia, Brazil, through the collaboration between Health and Education departments. Health professionals contribute through the implementation of the Assistive Technology by means of school consulting. The project has been developed in six different stages, namely: Gaining access and establishing goals for the team; Identifying the problem; Interventions/Recommendations; Implementation; Evaluation and further actions. This working model, seeks to insert occupational therapy in the school environment. This project showed the importance of occupational therapists as team members in school settings, and the importance of a collaborative work between Education and Health departments.

  12. Technology-Based Healthcare for Nursing Education Within The Netherlands: Past, Present and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koster, Ybranda; van Houwelingen, Cornelis T M

    2017-01-01

    At the present time, nearly all Dutch nursing schools are searching for suitable ways to implement technology-based healthcare in their curriculum. Some Universities chose elective education, others a mandatory solution. Several studies were executed to determine competencies needed by nurses in order to work with technology-based healthcare. In 2016 a nationwide new curriculum for nurses has been published. Providing technology-based healthcare is included under the core competencies of this new curriculum. All baccalaureate nursing educational institutes must implement this new curriculum at the start of 2016 which will have a huge impact on the implementation of technology-based healthcare in the education programs. In the future, technology centers from Universities will collaborate and specialize, partner with technology companies and crossovers between information and communication technology and healthcare education will be expanded.

  13. An Overview of the Application of Wearable Technology to Nursing Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Daira

    2017-04-01

    Wearable technology is here and nurses are going to be increasingly responsible for patients who use it. Most research in this area has been done in other fields and now is the time for nurses to be more involved in this promising technology to improve patient lives. This paper synthesizes the current state of wearable technology, a brief history of nurse satisfaction with technology, current research about wearable technology, and implications for its future use in nursing. Other areas in health care are already employing wearable technology to improve gait in people with Parkinson's disease, provide automatic defibrillation in cardiac patients, and monitor poststroke rehabilitation. Nurses can be on the front lines of designing and patenting new ideas to improve the lives of their patients. Nurses have always adopted the newest technologies such as electronic health records, electronic medication administration records, and simulation experiences in education. Wearable technology is the next step in this journey and the possible uses are endless. Involving patients in their own care is a major goal of nursing and more research is needed to connect patients and their caregivers to the benefits of wearable technology. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Community nursing needs more silver surfers: a questionnaire survey of primary care nurses' use of information technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Lusignan Simon

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the UK the health service is investing more than ever before in information technology (IT and primary care nurses will have to work with computers. Information about patients will be almost exclusively held in electronic patient records; and much of the information about best practice is most readily accessible via computer terminals. Objective To examine the influence of age and nursing profession on the level of computer use. Methods A questionnaire was developed to examine: access, training received, confidence and use of IT. The survey was carried out in a Sussex Primary Care Trust, in the UK. Results The questionnaire was sent to 109 nurses with a 64% response rate. Most primary care nurses (89% use their computer regularly at work: 100% of practice nurses daily, compared with 60% of district nurses and 59% of health visitors (p Conclusions Using computers in the surgery has become the norm for primary care nurses. However, nurses over 50, working out in the community, lack the confidence and skill of their younger and practice based colleagues.

  15. Nursing students' attitudes towards information and communication technology: an exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jung Jae; Clarke, Charlotte L

    2015-05-01

    The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test a shortened version of the Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health, in the investigation of nursing students with clinical placement experiences. Nurses and nursing students need to develop high levels of competency in information and communication technology. However, they encounter statistically significant barriers in the use of the technology. Although some instruments have been developed to measure factors that influence nurses' attitudes towards technology, the validity is questionable and few studies have been developed to test the attitudes of nursing students, in particular. A cross-sectional survey design was performed. The Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health was used to collect data from October 2012-December 2012. A panel of experts reviewed the content of the instrument and a pilot study was conducted. Following this, a total of 508 nursing students, who were engaged in clinical placements, were recruited from six universities in South Korea. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed and reliability and construct validity were assessed. The resulting instrument consisted of 19 items across four factors. Reliability of the four factors was acceptable and the validity was supported. The instrument was shown to be both valid and reliable for measuring nursing students' attitudes towards technology, thus aiding in the current understandings of this aspect. Through these measurements and understandings, nursing educators and students are able to be more reflexive of their attitudes and can thus seek to develop them positively. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Influence of flexible work shift on clinical nurses' occupational satisfaction%弹性排班对护士工作职业满意度的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新丽; 杨素玉; 朱智玲; 任胜杰

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of flexible work shift on clinical nurses' occupational satisfaction.Methods:From Match 2009 to March 2010, 204 nurses to implement the traditional scheduling as the control group.March 2011 to March 2012,207 nurses to implement flexible scheduling model as experimental group.The investigation of occupation satisfaction of nurses working survey homemade table,change of occupation satisfaction were compared between the two groups of nurses.Results:The experimental group nurses work occupation satisfaction was significantly higher than the control group, the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion:Flexible work shift overcomes the lack of nursing resources, increases the number of nurses during the peak period,reduces the phenomenon of procrastination,guarantees the rest time of nurses,enhances the cooperation among colleagues and improves clinical nurses' occupational satisfaction.%目的:探讨弹性排班对临床护士工作职业满意度的影响.方法:将2009年3月~2010年3月实施传统排班模式的204名护士作为对照组;将2011年3月~2012年3月实施弹性排班模式的207名护士作为试验组.采用自制的调查量表对护士工作职业满意度进行调查,比较两组护士工作职业满意度的变化.结果:试验组护士各项工作职业满意度明显高于对照组,两组比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:采用弹性排班模式弥补了护理人力资源相对不足的现状,增加了高峰时段的护士人数,减少了护士拖班现象,保证了护士的休息时间,增加了同事间的合作,提高了护士工作职业满意度.

  17. Health Occupations. Dental Auxiliaries, Nursing, Therapy and Rehabilitation, Health Services Administration. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

    Focusing on health occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include dental assistants, dental hygienists, dental…

  18. Occupational-related back pain among Jordanian nurses: A descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shawashi, Tagreed O; Subih, Maha M; Al Hadid, Lourance Abdel Razzaq; Abu Adas, Mohammad

    2015-05-01

    Back pain is the leading cause of disability, decreased physical performance at work and absenteeism. Activities leading to the occurrence of back pain include patient transfer and long standing hours. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and determine the activities responsible for the presence of back pain among Jordanian nurses. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample of nurses from governmental hospitals in Jordan. A self-report questionnaire was developed by Stubbs et al. and Harber et al. A descriptive method using mean, standard deviations and percentages was used, in addition to chi-square tests. Baseline findings indicated that more than three-quarters of the nurses studied suffered back pain during their work. Among nurses with back pain, about a fifth of them reported it to administration. The highest percentage of back pain was among critical care nurses. Further, the static factors contributed less commonly to back pain compared with the dynamic factors. Nearly half the participants with back pain reported taking days off more frequently. Jordanian nurses demonstrated one of the highest frequencies of back pain compared with other studies. Focus should be placed on education programmes about the appropriate body mechanics. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  19. A comparison of teaching strategies for integrating information technology into clinical nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfrink, V L; Davis, L S; Fitzwater, E; Castleman, J; Burley, J; Gorney-Moreno, M J; Sullivan, J; Nichols, B; Hall, D; Queen, K; Johnson, S; Martin, A

    2000-01-01

    As health care becomes more information-intensive and diverse, there is a need to integrate information technology (IT) into clinical education. Little is known, however, about how to design instructional strategies for integrating information technology into clinical nursing education. This article outlines the instructional strategies used by faculty in five nursing programs who taught students to use a point-of-care information technology system. The article also reports students' computer acceptance and summarizes IT clinical teaching recommendations.

  20. An integrative review of communication between parents and nurses of hospitalized technology-dependent children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giambra, Barbara K; Stiffler, Deborah; Broome, Marion E

    2014-12-01

    With advances in health care, the population of children who are technology-dependent is increasing and, therefore, the need for nurses to understand how best to engage in communication with the parents of these children is critical. Shared communication between the parents of hospitalized technology-dependent children and their nurses is essential to provide optimal care for the child. The components and behaviors of the parent-nurse communication process that improve mutual understanding of optimal care for the child had not previously been examined. Among parents of hospitalized technology-dependent children and their nurses, what communication behaviors, components, concepts, or processes improve mutual understanding of optimal care for the child? An integrative review of both qualitative and quantitative studies was conducted. Key words including communication, hospitalized, nurse, parent, pediatric, and technology-dependent were used to search databases such as Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health and Medline for years 2000-2014. The data regarding the process of parent-nurse communication were extracted as they related to the mutual understanding of optimal care for the child. The data were grouped into themes and compared across studies, designs, populations, and settings. Six articles were identified that provided information regarding the processes of shared communication among the parents of hospitalized technology-dependent children and their nurses. Providing clear information, involving parents in care decisions, trust and respect for each other's expertise, caring attitudes, advocacy, and role negotiation were all found to be important factors in shared parent-nurse communication. The results of this integrative review inform our understanding of the parent-nurse communication process. The findings provide nurses with an understanding of strategies to better engage in respectful, engaging, and intentional communication with parents of

  1. Patients Require on Nurses Occupational Qualities and Countermeasures in Excellent Nursing Service%优质护理服务中患者对护士职业素质要求及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈芳

    2013-01-01

    [目的]了解优质护理服务中患者对护士职业素质的要求,提高护理人员职业素质,实现优质护理.[方法]随机调查杭州市某三甲医院优质护理示范病区患者200例,采用自行设计问卷进行调查.[结果]患者最重视的是护士的服务态度,其次是娴熟的技术和专业知识,再次是良好的沟通技巧和护理经验.[结论]在护理人员队伍建设中要注重礼仪和服务态度,提高护理人员理论及操作技能,推行全程连续的护理,加强护患沟通是提高护士素质及服务质量的有效举措.%[Objective] To understand patients'requirements on nurses occupational qualities in good nursing, to improve nurses'occupational quality. [Method] Randomly investigate 200 cases in an excellent nursing demonstration ward of a grade-A hospital, take self-made questionnaire for investigation. [Result] Patients pay most attention to nurses service attitude, next is skilled technical and specialized knowledge, the last is good communication skill and nursing experience. [Conclusion] In nursing personnel team construction, we shall emphasize etiquette and attitude, improve nurses theory and operationai skill, and promote whole-course continual nursing; to reinforce patient-nurse communication is an effective measure in improving nurses and service quality.

  2. Reported use of technology in stroke rehabilitation by physical and occupational therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langan, Jeanne; Subryan, Heamchand; Nwogu, Ifeoma; Cavuoto, Lora

    2017-08-16

    With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation. Our goal was to examine the extent to which physical and occupational therapists use technology in clinical stroke rehabilitation home exercise programs. Surveys were sent via mail, email and online postings to over 500 therapists, 107 responded. Conventional equipment such as stopwatches are more frequently used compared to newer technology like Wii and Kinect games. Still, less than 25% of therapists' report using a stopwatch five or more times per week. Notably, feedback to patients is based upon objective data less than 50% of the time by most therapists. At the end of clinical rehabilitation, patients typically receive a written home exercise program and non-technological equipment, like theraband and/or theraputty to continue rehabilitation efforts independently. The use of technology is not pervasive in the continuum of stroke rehabilitation. Implications for Rehabilitation The patient care experience is a priority in healthcare, so when patients report feeling bored and desiring greater fostering of autonomy in stroke rehabilitation, it is troubling. Research examining the use of technology has shown positive results for improving motor performance and engaging patients through entertainment and use of objective feedback. Physical and occupational therapists do not widely use technology in stroke rehabilitation. Therapists should consider using technology in stroke rehabilitation to better meet the needs of the patient.

  3. Improving Technological Competency in Nursing Students: The Passport Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Julie; O'Connor, Patricia A.

    2011-01-01

    Integration of informatics competency into a nursing curriculum is important to ensure success throughout the education and career of contemporary nursing students. As enrollment in nursing programs increases, the diverse population of students from many different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds presents a challenge for faculty in…

  4. Applying artificial intelligence technology to support decision-making in nursing: A case study in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Pei-Hung; Hsu, Pei-Ti; Chu, William; Chu, Woei-Chyn

    2015-06-01

    This study applied artificial intelligence to help nurses address problems and receive instructions through information technology. Nurses make diagnoses according to professional knowledge, clinical experience, and even instinct. Without comprehensive knowledge and thinking, diagnostic accuracy can be compromised and decisions may be delayed. We used a back-propagation neural network and other tools for data mining and statistical analysis. We further compared the prediction accuracy of the previous methods with an adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system and the back-propagation neural network, identifying differences in the questions and in nurse satisfaction levels before and after using the nursing information system. This study investigated the use of artificial intelligence to generate nursing diagnoses. The percentage of agreement between diagnoses suggested by the information system and those made by nurses was as much as 87 percent. When patients are hospitalized, we can calculate the probability of various nursing diagnoses based on certain characteristics. © The Author(s) 2013.

  5. [The relationship between the contents and the level of achievement of objectives in an occupational health nursing practicum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakatani, Junko; Hara, Yoshiko; Ikeda, Tomoko; Ishihara, Itsuko

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the program and teaching methods of the occupational health nursing practicum in order to enforce students' learning experience in the clinical practice. Self-evaluation sheets graded from levels 1 to 4 were from 63 students, and statistical analysis was performed in relation to their performance levels. The results of the analysis of 63 students' performance sheets indicated that the students achieved 3 points above average in all 14 course objectives. Scales analysis of the students' evaluation sheets also revealed that students' achievement levels were lower at the Industrial Health Organization in comparison with those at the industrial enterprises. To make students' practice more valuable, students' assessment skills of the workers and working environment should be emphasized in the classroom teaching and experience of learning at the laboratory. Moreover, the course objectives should be sufficiently linked to the practice areas in order to differentiate between the features of the Health organizations and enterprises.

  6. Integrating communication skills training in the curricula of 5 healthcare professions: nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, radiography and midwifery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Annegrethe; Tørring, Birgitte; Hansen, Susanne Hjorth

    2014-01-01

    Structured training of communication skills are needed in undergraduate healthcare education in order to prepare the future professionals to cooperate with patients. Often education in communication is not integrated in the curriculum – making it seem a side activity of less importance...... for professionals. In the effort of integrating communication skills training in the undergraduate curricula of nursing, radiography, occupational therapy, physiotherapy and midwifery, we established a communication skills laboratory and arranged a 5 day course for communication teachers from all 5 educational...... programs at University College North Denmark. After the course communication skills training was offered at least once during every 3½ year program and after 3 years this is retained and in some cases developed further. The combination of getting a room where to train and developing the skills to train...

  7. 不同护龄护士职业压力的调查%Investigation of occupational stress among nurses of different years of work experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹清华; 王翠平; 杨玉美

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the present situation of occupational stress and to compare occupational stress among nurses of different years of work experience. Methods 234 subjects were enrolled by using convenience sampling method. Research instruments used in this study were demographic questionnaire and the Nurse Working Pressure Test Table. SPSS version 13.0 was used for data analysis. Results The level of the overall occupational stress among nurses was moderate. The five subscales of occupational stress in descending order were workload and time management, professional and career issues, caring for and interaction with patients, problems with resource and working environment, interpersonal relationships and management issues. There was no significant difference of occupational stress by subscales among nurses of different years of work experience (P > 0.05) while there was significant difference of the overall occupational stress level (P 0.05),但总体工作压力源比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 总体职业压力受护龄的影响.护理管理者应重视提高在职护士对工作的满意程度,对护士应有针对性的进行管理,将护士压力控制在最佳水平,保持护士的身心健康,进而提高她们的工作积极性和护理服务水平.

  8. Information Technology Strategies for Honor Society and Organization Membership Retention in Online Nursing Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Emily E; Wasco, Jennifer J

    Membership retention in an honor society or organization is of utmost importance for sustainability. However, retaining members in organizations that serve online education nursing students can be a challenging task. Understanding the importance of creating a sense of community to promote retention within an honor society chapter, nursing faculty at a small private university implemented different online approaches. This article highlights successful information technology strategies to promote membership retention in organizations for online nursing students.

  9. Levels of occupational stress and stressful activities for nurses working in emergency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo Ferreira da Fonseca

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to identify stress levels, areas and their activities identified as stressful by nurses working in the emergence in Manaus, AM, Brazil. It is an epidemiological, cross-sectional design, with 36 emergency nurses from December 2010 to January 2011. The Bianchi Stress Scale with 57 questions was used. The nurses were at risk for high levels of stress. The most stressful areas were the operation of the unit, conditions of work and personnel administration, and the most stressful activity was the request for equipment review and repair. The difference by Friedman test between the areas was significant (p <0.05, Dunn post-test significant (p <0.05 when compared by peers. The accumulation of management activities with the assistance activities can generate higher levels of stress, it is necessary to invest in improving the work environment and management support to minimize the stress experienced at work.

  10. The effects of occupational interventions on reduction of musculoskeletal symptoms in the nursing profession

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, Evelien; Krol, B.; Van der Star, A; Groothoff, Johan

    2006-01-01

    The objective of the review was to gain more insight into the effects of occupational interventions for primary prevention of musculoskeletal symptoms in healthcare workers. The Cochrane Collaboration methodological guidelines for systematic reviews functioned as a starting point. Thirteen studies m

  11. US and Dutch nurse experiences with fall prevention technology within nursing home environment and workflow: A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenberg, Ann E; van Beijnum, Bert-Jan; Overdevest, Vera G P; Capezuti, Elizabeth; Johnson, Theodore M

    Falls remain a major geriatric problem, and the search for new solutions continues. We investigated how existing fall prevention technology was experienced within nursing home nurses' environment and workflow. Our NIH-funded study in an American nursing home was followed by a cultural learning exchange with a Dutch nursing home. We constructed two case reports from interview and observational data and compared the magnitude of falls, safety cultures, and technology characteristics and effectiveness. Falls were a high-magnitude problem at the US site, with a collectively vigilant safety culture attending to non-directional audible alarms; falls were a low-magnitude problem at the NL site which employed customizable, infrared sensors that directed text alerts to assigned staff members' mobile devices in patient-centered care culture. Across cases, 1) a coordinated communication system was essential in facilitating effective fall prevention alert response, and 2) nursing home safety culture is tightly associated with the chosen technological system. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Supervising nursing students in a technology-driven medication administration process in a hospital setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaard, Mette; Orbæk, Janne

    2016-01-01

    REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to identify, describe and synthesize the experiences of nurse supervisors and the factors that influence the supervision of pre-graduate nursing students in undertaking technology-driven medication administration in hospital settings...

  13. Retention and Application of Information Technology Skills among Nursing and Midwifery Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Barry; Jones, Steve; Jacobs, Gabriel

    2007-01-01

    Pre-registration nursing and midwifery students are under considerable pressure to acquire the necessary information technology (IT) skills by the time they embark on a professional nursing career. There is a multitude of research findings detailing the use of computer-based learning materials, IT training initiatives and how such materials are…

  14. New technologies and nursing: use and perception of primary healthcare nurses about electronic health record in Catalonia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galimany-Masclans, Jordi; Garrido-Aguilar, Eva; Girbau-García, Ma Rosa; Lluch-Canut, Teresa; Fabrellas-Padrés, Nuria

    2011-10-01

    This study was aimed to analyze and assess the use and perception of electronic health records (EHRs) by nurses. The study sample included 113 nurses from different shifts of primary health facilities in Catalonia, Spain, devoted to adult as well as pediatric outpatients using EHRs throughout the year 2010. A majority of the sample (87.5%) were women and 12.5% were men. The average age was 44.27 years and the average time working in primary healthcare was 47.15 months. A majority (80.4%) received specific training on the use of the EHR and 19.6% did not. The use of the application required side technical support (mean: 3.42) and it is considered necessary to learn more about the performance of the application (mean: 3.50). The relationship between the average ratings that nurses have about the EHR and age shows that there is no statistically significant linear relationship (r=-0.002, p-value=0.984). As to how long they have used the EHRs, there are significant differences (r=-0.304, p-value=0.00), so the more time the nurse takes using the EHR, the greater degree of satisfaction is shown. In addition, there are significant differences between nurses' perceptions regarding the EHR and gender (t=-0.421, p-value=0.675). Nurses assessed as positive the contribution of the EHRs in their nursing care day work (average score: 2.55/5). Considering that the usability of the EHR device is assessed as satisfactory, the results of the perception of nurses show that we must also take into account the training and emphasize the need for a side technical support in the implementation process of the EHR. Doing so, the positive perception that nurses have in regard to information and communication technology in general and with respect to the EHR in particular may be increased.

  15. Technology and its ethics in nursing and caring journals: An integrative literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korhonen, Eila-Sisko; Nordman, Tina; Eriksson, Katie

    2015-08-01

    Over the past 20 years, the impact of technology has increased significantly in health care. The diversity of technology is growing and its knowledge scattered. The concept of technology is ambiguous in caring and nursing sciences and its ethics remains unidentified. To find evidence on how the concept of technology and its ethics are defined in caring and nursing sciences and practice. The purpose of this study is to describe and summarize the concept of technology and its ethics in the past nursing and caring literature. The integrative literature review of the past nursing and caring literature. The data were collected from caring and nursing journal articles from 2000 to 2013 focusing on technology and its ethics.The results were summarized and themed. Technology as a concept has three implications. First, technology is devices and products, including ICT and advanced, simple and assistive technology. Second, technology refers to a process consisting of methods for helping people. Third, technology as a service indicates the production of care by technology. The ethics of technology has not been established as a guiding principle. Some studies excluded ethical reflection completely. Many studies discussed the ethics of technology as benefits such as improved communication and symptoms management, and the simple use of e-health services whilst others remained critical presenting ethical problems such as unwillingness and the inability to use technology, or conflicts with human aspects or questions of inequality. In conclusion, this study indicates that technology as a concept is described diversely. The relation between technology and ethics is not a truism. Despite some evidence, more is needed to promote ethical care when using technology. © The Author(s) 2014.

  16. PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovica Jovanovic

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Medical services, physicians and nurses play an essential role in the plant safety program through primary treatment of injured workers and by helping to identify workplace hazards. The physician and nurse should participate in the worksite investigations to identify specific hazard or stresses potentially causing the occupational accidents and injuries and in planning the subsequent hazard control program. Physicians and nurses must work closely and cooperatively with supervisors to ensure the prompt reporting and treatment of all work related health and safety problems. Occupational accidents, work related injuries and fatalities result from multiple causes, affect different segments of the working population, and occur in a myriad of occupations and industrial settings. Multiple factors and risks contribute to traumatic injuries, such as hazardous exposures, workplace and process design, work organization and environment, economics, and other social factors. With such a diversity of theories, it will not be difficult to understand that there does not exist one single theory that is considered right or correct and is universally accepted. These theories are nonetheless necessary, but not sufficient, for developing a frame of reference for understanding accident occurrences. Prevention strategies are also varied, and multiple strategies may be applicable to many settings, including engineering controls, protective equipment and technologies, management commitment to and investment in safety, regulatory controls, and education and training. Research needs are thus broad, and the development and application of interventions involve many disciplines and organizations.

  17. Nurses' adoption of technology: application of Rogers' innovation-diffusion model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ting-Ting

    2004-11-01

    This qualitative study applied Everett Rogers' innovation-diffusion model to analyze nurses' perceptions toward using a computerized care plan system. Twelve nurses from three respiratory intensive care units in Taiwan voluntarily participated in a one-on-one, in-depth interview. Data were analyzed by constant comparative analysis. The content that emerged was compared with the model's five innovation characteristics (relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability, and observability), as perceived by new users. Results indicate that Rogers' model can accurately describe nurses' behavior during the process of adopting workplace innovations. Related issues that emerged deserve further attention to help nurses make the best use of technology.

  18. The contributions of digital technologies in the teaching of nursing skills: an integrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Maurício de Souza; Cogo, Ana Luísa Petersen

    2017-07-13

    To analyze the contributions of digital educational technologies used in teaching nursing skills. Integrative literature review, search in five databases, from 2006 to 2015 combining the descriptors 'education, nursing', 'educational technology', 'computer-assisted instruction' or related terms in English. Sample of 30 articles grouped in the thematic categories 'technology in the simulation with manikin', 'incentive to learning' and 'teaching of nursing skills'. It was identified different formats of digital educational technologies used in teaching Nursing skills such as videos, learning management system, applications, hypertext, games, virtual reality simulators. These digital materials collaborated in the acquisition of theoretical references that subsidize the practices, enhancing the teaching and enable the use of active learning methods, breaking with the traditional teaching of demonstrating and repeating procedures.

  19. Technology for Improving Medication Monitoring in Nursing Homes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Education Foundation. The Geriatric Risk Assessment MedGuide™ (GRAM™) software19 specifically alerts prescribers and nursing facility staff to...developed and delivered inservice programs for nursing staff of the 13 facilities that received the intervention as part of the AHRQ-funded study. The in...Research and Education Foundation who have encouraged innovations in the delivery of quality pharmaceutical care to nursing home residents. Author

  20. Distance Technology in Nursing Education: Assessing a New Frontier. AACN White Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Professional Nursing, 2000

    2000-01-01

    The availability of new educational technologies is expanding rapidly, decreasing costs but increasing obsolescence. Technologies increase flexible response to student needs. Growth in nursing distance education programs is increasing competition. Technology may help alleviate teacher shortages. Distance education issues include educational…

  1. Technology support in nursing education: clickers in the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Janice

    2009-01-01

    Research has shown that the present generation of students has a preference for digital literacy, experiential learning, interactivity, and immediacy; therefore, greater use of technology is being brought into university courses to aid in student involvement. Student Response Systems, called clickers, were incorporated as a teaching methodology to enhance student interaction and learning in a didactic pediatric nursing course. This course was taught over Interactive Television (ITV) with students at a distant site as well as face to face, creating the challenge of whole-class engagement. Clickers were used to actively engage students at both sites simultaneously and give immediate feedback to students regarding understanding of lecture material. Clickers also allowed small-group problem solving of questions. Exam grades and level of participation in case studies were monitored and exam scores and final scores were compared to those of a previous class. Student t-tests demonstrated that one of three course exams and final course grades were significantly higher for the students who used clickers in the classroom. Satisfaction feedback also supported the use of clickers as a tool to engage students and enhance learning outcomes.

  2. Study on Chromosome Damage Among Nurses Occupationally Exposed to Antineoplastic Drugs in an Oncology Department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION Many antineoplastic agents have been shown to be mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic in experimental animals and in vitro test systems. Epidemiological data on the association of secondary neoplasms with a specific chemotherapeutic treatment are available on some 30 agents. Several previous studies concerning hospital personnel have indicated that occupational exposure to cytostatic drugs may be detected by genotoxicological biomonitoring methods, e.g., comet assay, SCEs, chromosomal aberration and micronucleus test.

  3. Information technologies and nursing process records: case study at a neonatal ICU

    OpenAIRE

    Raphael Brandão Pereira; Maria Alice Coelho; Maria Márcia Bachion

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the recording of the nursing process, supported by information and communication technologies in both printed and electronic media in the neonatal intensive care scenario. This case study was exclusive, integrated, and conducted between January and April 2014. The study counted on the participation of seven nurses who worked at a neonatal ICU before and after the deployment of new information and communication technologies, which combined electronic ...

  4. Technology-based strategies for promoting clinical reasoning skills in nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shellenbarger, Teresa; Robb, Meigan

    2015-01-01

    Faculty face the demand of preparing nursing students for the constantly changing health care environment. Effective use of online, classroom, and clinical conferencing opportunities helps to enhance nursing students' clinical reasoning capabilities needed for practice. The growth of technology creates an avenue for faculty to develop engaging learning opportunities. This article presents technology-based strategies such as electronic concept mapping, electronic case histories, and digital storytelling that can be used to facilitate clinical reasoning skills.

  5. Mobile technology and its use in clinical nursing education: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Siobhan; Andrews, Tom

    2015-03-01

    Nursing students face a variety of challenges to learning in clinical practice, from the theory-practice gap, to a lack of clinical supervision and the ad hoc nature of learning in clinical environments. Mobile technology is proposed as one way to address these challenges. This article comprehensively summarizes and critically reviews the available literature on mobile technology used in undergraduate clinical nursing education. It identifies the lack of clear definitions and theory in the current body of evidence; the variety of mobile devices and applications used; the benefits of mobile platforms in nursing education; and the complexity of sociotechnical factors, such as the cost, usability, portability, and quality of mobile tools, that affect their use in undergraduate clinical nursing education. Implications for nursing education and practice are outlined, and recommendations for future research are discussed.

  6. The effect of organizational commitment on occupation burnout among nurses%护士组织承诺对职业倦怠的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡海燕; 吴文丽

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨护士组织承诺对职业倦怠的影响。方法:对432名临床护士进行组织承诺和职业倦怠调查,采用Pearson相关分析法和分层回归分析法探讨两者的相关性。结果:①护士组织承诺和职业倦怠总分分别为(2.12±0.41)分和(3.91±0.55)分;②Pearson相关分析显示,职业倦怠与组织承诺各维度得分呈显著负相关(P<0.05);③分层回归分析显示,年龄、组织承诺均为护士职业倦怠的影响因素。结论:护士组织承诺水平有待提高,职业倦怠严重,可通过提高护士组织承诺减少护士职业倦怠。%Objective:To explore the effect of organizational commitment on occupation burnout among nurses. Methods:Totally 432 clinical nurses were interviewed by the Organizational Commitment Scale and Occupation Burnout Scale. Pearson correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results:①The mean scores of organizational commitment and occupation burnout among nurses were (2.12±0.41) and (3.91±0.55), respectively; ② Pearson correlation analysis showed that organizational commitment was negatively correlated with each dimension of organizational commitment (P<0.05);③Hierarchical regression analysis showed that age and organizational commitment were the inlfuencing factors of occupation burnout among nurses. Conclusions:The nurses have poor organizational commitment and serious occupation burnout, and the organizational commitment is the important inlfuencing factor of occupation burnout among nurses.

  7. [Features of occupational health nurse support for the improvement of psychosocial working environments and related factors: Focusing on required knowledge and skills, and measures to develop them].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Tomoko; Nishikido, Noriko; Matsuki, Hideaki

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the support activities provided for occupational health nurses aimed at improving psychosocial working environments, related knowledge and skills, and learning environments as well as associations among these factors. In addition, we aimed to create correlated factor models to describe the support activities in order to identify ways to promote these activities among occupational health nurses. An anonymous mail-based questionnaire survey was conducted of occupational health nurses who were members of the Japan Society for Occupational Health and belonged to enterprises or independent health insurance societies. Among 356 returned questionnaires (response rate: 46.4%), all the main items were answered in 329 (valid response rate: 92.4%), and these questionnaires were analyzed. Factor analysis was performed for the seven items pertaining to support activities for the improvement of psychosocial working environments and models of each factor of the support activities were developed using covariance structure analysis. In the factor analysis, [Clarifying a stress-related situation and providing advice] and [Facilitating workplace involvement] were identified as support-related factors. The mean implementation rates for these approaches were approximately 50 to 80%, and less than 40%, respectively. [Clarifying a stress-related situation and providing advice] was associated with skills of "providing superiors with explanations to enhance their understanding" and "collecting and analyzing stress survey results by department", and knowledge of "personal stress questionnaires" and "common stress factors in working environments". The above-mentioned knowledge and skills were associated with self-learning of "examining and reporting daily activities for the improvement of working environments" and "reviewing related papers". [Facilitating workplace involvement] was associated with skills of "indirectly supporting discussions led by

  8. Explore the Relationship between Nurses Occupation Moral and Patients%论护理人员的职业道德与患者的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宇华

    2014-01-01

    浅析护士职业道德在护理工作中的重要意义,通过临床实践总结出的一些经验,强调护士要正确树立崇高的职业道德观念,掌握扎实的专业理论知识和娴熟的护理技能,全心全意为广大患者服务,从而使护患之间关系建立在良好的基础上,让患者在治疗中保持良好的心理状态,帮助患者早日康复,达到身心健康的目的。%Occupation moral significance of nurses in nursing work, some experience through clinical practice to summarize, emphasizing the nurse to establish correct occupation moral lofty, nursing skil s to master solid professional theoretical knowledge and skil ed, put one's heart and soul into for the majority of patients, so that the relationship between nurses and patients based on a good on the basis, let patients maintain a good mental state in treatment, help the patients recover soon, to physical and mental health of the objective.

  9. 论护理人员的职业道德与患者的关系%On the Relationship Between Occupation Ethic of Nurses and Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宇华

    2014-01-01

    浅析护士职业道德在护理工作中的重要意义,通过临床实践总结出的一些经验,强调护士要正确树立崇高的职业道德观念,掌握扎实的专业理论知识和娴熟的护理技能,全心全意为广大患者服务,从而使护患之间关系建立在良好的基础上,让患者在治疗中保持良好的心理状态,帮助患者早日康复,达到身心健康的目的。%Occupation moral significance of nurses in nursing work, some experience through clinical practice to summarize, emphasizing the nurse to establish correct occupation moral lofty, nursing skil s to master solid professional theoretical knowledge and skil ed, put one's heart and soul into for the majority of patients, so that the relationship between nurses and patients based on a good on the basis, let patients maintain a good mental state in treatment, help the patients recover soon, to physical and mental health of the objective.

  10. Research in demand of community nursing talents' occupation quality%社区护理人才职业素质需求的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文娟; 汪漫江

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the community nursing talents' occupation quality demand in the purpose of periodically providing reference for higher medical institutions' nursing education and for job training of community nurses.Methods The community nurses in the 15 qualified communities' medical organizations in the city of Zunyi were investigated through self-designed questionnaires,analyzing the basic qualifications,humanistic knowledge,professional knowledge and profession ability demand that community nursing talents were supposed to possess.Results The demand of high occupation responsibility and strict working style amounted to a relatively large proportion among the 11 basic qualifications.Demand of nursing etiquette and community nursing management occupied a relatively large proportion among the 9aspects of community nurses' humanistic knowledge demands.Demand of the often used community nursing technical operation and common drugs' clinical application knowledge took up a relatively large proportion among the 16 community nurses' professional knowledge demands.Demand of interpersonal and communication skills and self protection ability held a relatively large proportion among the 14 community nursing talents' occupation ability demands.Conclusions Oriented to the demand of the community nursing talents' occupation quality demands,relevant higher medical institutions or colleges concerned should strengthen the basic quality,optimize the curriculum structure and improve occupation ability in the purpose of culturing the community nursing talents who are able to adapt to the demand of community health service and have higher overall qualities as well.%目的 探讨社区护理人才职业素质需求,以期为高等医学院校社区护理教育及社区护士岗位培训提供参考.方法 通过自行设计问卷调查表对遵义市15个社区医疗机构具有执业资格的社区护士进行调查,对社区护理人才应具备的基本素养、人文知识

  11. An epidemiological survey of Low back pain and its relationship with occupational and personal factors among nursing personnel at hospitals of Shahrood Faculty of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farideh Sadeghian

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although low back pain (LBP represents a significant occupational problem for hospital nurses, few investigations target nurses for low back pain and its association with the personal and work-related factors in Iran. Methods: This cross sectional study was performed on 245 nursing personnel (registered nurses, nursing aides, operating room technicians, anesthesiology technicians working full time for at least 1 month at 4 hospitals. Data were collected by modified Nordic questionnaire and interview followed by clinical examination. c2, Mantel and logistic regression statistical tests were used. Results: The 12-month period-prevalence of LBP was 49.9 % (95%CI 43-55/8. In this study 51(21/7% males and 184(78/3% females participated that mean age of them was 32 years .The prevalence of back pain increased with increasing age. There was no differences between the sexes, but more prevalence was observed in the married ones than singles. Odds ratio of LBP was increased 2/2 times with BMI higher than 27kg/m2. In this study the relationship between cumulative duration of employment in nursing job, duration of employment in present ward and manual handling and back pain was significant statistically. Conclusion: LBP is high among nurses. For prevention of LBP, ergonomic program, lifting team, correct lifting technique and wider research with taking into account LBP psychosocial factors and work task are suggested.

  12. Stages of Adoption Concern and Technology Acceptance in a Critical Care Nursing Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Gina M; LoCurto, Jamie; Lippoldt, Diana

    2017-09-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the stages of concern (self, task, and impact) and usability (trust, perceived usefulness, and ease of use) shifts experienced by nurses adopting new technology. Patient care processes in critical care units can be disrupted with the incorporation of information technology. New users of technology typically transition through stages of concern and experience shifts in acceptance during assimilation. Critical care nurses (N = 41) were surveyed twice: (1) pre, immediately after training, and (2) post, 3 months after implementation of technology. From presurvey to postsurvey, self-concerns decreased 14%, whereas impact concerns increased 22%. Furthermore, there was a 30% increase in trust and a 17% increase in perceived usefulness, even with a 27% decrease in ease of use. Adoption of new technology requires critical care nurses to adapt current practices, which may improve trust and perceived usefulness yet decrease perceptions of ease of use.

  13. Review of Literature on Terminal Box Control, Occupancy Sensing Technology and Multi-zone Demand Control Ventilation (DCV)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Guopeng; Dasu, Aravind R.; Zhang, Jian

    2012-03-01

    This report presents an overall review of the standard requirement, the terminal box control, occupancy sensing technology and DCV. There is system-specific guidance for single-zone systems, but DCV application guidance for multi-zone variable air volume (VAV) systems is not available. No real-world implementation case studies have been found using the CO2-based DCV. The review results also show that the constant minimum air flow set point causes excessive fan power consumption and potential simultaneous heating and cooling. Occupancy-based control (OBC) is needed for the terminal box in order to achieve deep energy savings. Key to OBC is a technology for sensing the actual occupancy of the zone served in real time. Several technologies show promise, but none currently fully meets the need with adequate accuracy and sufficiently low cost.

  14. Status survey of psychiatric nurse occupation burnout%调查精神科护士职业倦怠的现况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任勤霞; 徐兴刚; 马红军

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解精神科护士的职业倦怠现况。方法对洛阳市精神卫生中心的护士进行护士执业倦怠问卷调查。结果精神科男护的职业倦怠较女护高,有职业倦怠组在工作量大、大量非护理性工作导致角色模糊及人际关系紧张,包括医护,护患关系,认为护理工作是一项有意义的工作,常见的躯体症状,影响社会活动和家庭生活及产生更换职业的想法方面得分高于无职业倦怠组,把复杂的工作视为对个人能力的一种挑战得分低于无职业倦怠组。结论减少精神科护士的职业倦怠,可以通过提高护士职业认同度,提高与患者的沟通技巧及建立社会支持系统等途径解决。%ObjectiveTo study the status of psychiatric nurses' occupation burnout.MethodsPsychiatric nurses was surveyed by Introduction of nursing burnout scale investigation for Luoyang mental health center. ResultsThe male nurse's occupation burnout was higher than female ,Occupation burnout group was higher than un-occupation burnout group in the big ,large amounts of work to protect the rational role ambiguity,interpersonal tensions, a meaningful work,the common physical symptoms,influence and social activities and family life,the idea of changing careers, scored lower than un-occupation burnout group in as a complex work to the individual ability on a challenge.Conclusion To reduct occupation burnout for psychiatric nurses, we can improve professional esteemed, the communication skills with patients,establish a social support system.

  15. 民营医院护士长心理压力与职业倦怠%Psychological stress and occupational burnout of head nurses in private hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽音

    2015-01-01

    目的 通过对民营医院护士长心理压力的原因及职业倦怠的调查分析,采取减压对策,提高护士长工作绩效.方法 ①了解护士长心理压力产生的原因;②采用中文版Maslach的职业倦怠量表对集团公司的16名护士长进行调查分析.结果 民营医院中手术科室、年龄31~40岁、任职时间3~6年的护士长心理压力大,职业倦怠明显增高.结论 民营医院护士长的心理压力与职业倦怠应引起医院管理者重视,采取有效的减压措施,缓解护士长职业倦怠.%Objective through investigation and analysis on reasons of psychological stress and occupational burnout of head nurses in private hospitals, take measures to improve performance of them.Method①to understand causes of psychological stress of them,②apply Maslach scale of Chinese version for investigation and analysis on 16 head nurses. Result s in operation department of private hospitals, head nurses aged 31~40, with working time of 3~6 years have the biggest psychological pressure, and occupational burnout significantly increased.Conclusion psychological stress and occupational burnout of nurses in private hospitals should be paid attention to by hospital manager, and take effective measures to relieve stress, and ease occupational burnout of them.

  16. The cerrent status of occupational exposure among clinical nurses%临床护士职业暴露现状分析与防护对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童书蓉; 党桂宁

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查临床护士职业暴露发生现状,提出防护对策,减少职业暴露的发生。方法采用自设问卷,对192名护理人员进行调查,分析其发生职业暴露的情况。结果暴露高危人群为工作年限≤5年的护士,占83.47%;暴露的主要方式为锐器损伤,占85.95%;早晨治疗高峰期职业暴露发生率最高,占73.55%。结论加强职业安全防护培训,增强临床护士职业安全防护意识,规范医疗操作,减少职业暴露的发生。此外,暴露后应采取有效合理的干预措施降低被感染的危险。%Objective To investigate the situation of occupational exposure among clinical nurses,propose the protection countermeasures,so as to reduce the occurrence of occupational exposure. Methods Totally,192 nurses were inuestlgated with a self - designed questionnair about the occupational exposure. Results Thehigh risk group of exposures was nurse who had worked for less than 5 years,accounted for 83. 47% . The main way of exposure was sharp instru-ment injury,accounted for 85. 95% . The incidence of occupational exposure was highest during the morning peak period of treatment,accounted for 73. 55% . Conclusion It is suggested to strengthen the training of occupational safety and protection to enhance clinical nurses occupational safety protection conscious-ness,standardize medical operation,so as to reduce the incidence of occupational exposure and reduce the risk of being infected by taking effective and reasonable interventions after exposure.

  17. 护生对手术室职业防护的认知性调查%Student nurses' cognition of occupational protection in operating rooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高月平; 黄旭华; 郭惜珍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand student nurses' cognition of occupational protection in operating rooms; to provide support for clinical teaching,improve students' consciousness of self-protection,implement occupational protection measures,reduce the occurrence of occupational exposure,and promote physical and mental health.Methods A survey for cognition of occupational protection in operating rooms was conducted by self-designed questionnaires in 80 student nurses.Results There was a statistical significance in cognition between the groups with different educational background ( P< 0.05 ).28.7% of the students lacked enough awareness about occupational exposure in operating rooms,58.7% did not have enough knowledge of self-protection,48.7% did not take measures on occupational protection,and 88.7% thought training of occupational protection was necessary.The physical and mental health of most students were affected at different degrees during practice in operating rooms.Conclusions Lack of knowledge of occupational protection in operating rooms is associated with the educational background of the students.Outstanding teachers should be selected strictly.Education should be given based on different educational background of the students,occupational protection should be strengthened for student nurses in operating rooms.Daily nursing supervision needs psychological counselling.Implement of humane care will help raise awareness of occupational protection of student nurses,reduce the occurrence of occupational exposure,and promote physical and mental heahh.%目的 了解护生对手术室职业防护的认知,为临床带教提供依据,提高护生自我防护意识,落实职业防护措施,减少职业暴露发生,促进身心健康.方法 自行设计调查问卷对80名实习护生进行手术室职业防护的认知性调查.结果 不同学历的认知比较,对比组之间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),28.7%对手术室职业暴露认识不足,58.7

  18. Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on Nursing Care: Results of an Overview of Systematic Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouleau, Geneviève; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Côté, José; Payne-Gagnon, Julie; Hudson, Emilie; Dubois, Carl-Ardy

    2017-04-25

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are becoming an impetus for quality health care delivery by nurses. The use of ICTs by nurses can impact their practice, modifying the ways in which they plan, provide, document, and review clinical care. An overview of systematic reviews was conducted to develop a broad picture of the dimensions and indicators of nursing care that have the potential to be influenced by the use of ICTs. Quantitative, mixed-method, and qualitative reviews that aimed to evaluate the influence of four eHealth domains (eg, management, computerized decision support systems [CDSSs], communication, and information systems) on nursing care were included. We used the nursing care performance framework (NCPF) as an extraction grid and analytical tool. This model illustrates how the interplay between nursing resources and the nursing services can produce changes in patient conditions. The primary outcomes included nurses' practice environment, nursing processes, professional satisfaction, and nursing-sensitive outcomes. The secondary outcomes included satisfaction or dissatisfaction with ICTs according to nurses' and patients' perspectives. Reviews published in English, French, or Spanish from January 1, 1995 to January 15, 2015, were considered. A total of 5515 titles or abstracts were assessed for eligibility and full-text papers of 72 articles were retrieved for detailed evaluation. It was found that 22 reviews published between 2002 and 2015 met the eligibility criteria. Many nursing care themes (ie, indicators) were influenced by the use of ICTs, including time management; time spent on patient care; documentation time; information quality and access; quality of documentation; knowledge updating and utilization; nurse autonomy; intra and interprofessional collaboration; nurses' competencies and skills; nurse-patient relationship; assessment, care planning, and evaluation; teaching of patients and families; communication and care

  19. ICT and OTs: a model of information and communication technology acceptance and utilisation by occupational therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaper, Louise K; Pervan, Graham P

    2007-06-01

    There is evidence to suggest that health professionals are reluctant to accept and utilise information and communication technologies (ICT) and concern is growing within health informatics research that this is contributing to the lag in adoption and utilisation of ICT across the health sector. Technology acceptance research within the field of information systems has been limited in its application to health and there is a concurrent need to develop and gain empirical support for models of technology acceptance within health and to examine acceptance and utilisation issues amongst health professionals to improve the success of information system implementation in this arena. This paper outlines a project that examines ICT acceptance and utilisation by Australian occupational therapists. It describes the theoretical basis behind the development of a research model and the methodology being employed to empirically validate the model using substantial quantitative, qualitative and longitudinal data. Preliminary results from Phase II of the study are presented. The theoretical significance of this work is that it uses a thoroughly constructed research model, with potentially the largest sample size ever tested, to extend technology acceptance research into the health sector.

  20. Patient safety and technology-driven medication - A qualitative study on how graduate nursing students navigate through complex medication administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orbæk, Janne; Gaard, Mette; Fabricius, Pia; Lefevre, Rikke S; Møller, Tom

    2015-05-01

    The technology-driven medication process is complex, involving advanced technologies, patient participation and increased safety measures. Medication administration errors are frequently reported, with nurses implicated in 26-38% of in-hospital cases. This points to the need for new ways of educating nursing students in today's medication administration. To explore nursing students' experiences and competences with the technology-driven medication administration process. 16 pre-graduate nursing students were included in two focus group interviews which were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using the systematic horizontal phenomenological-hermeneutic template methodology. The interviews uncovered that understanding the technologies; professionalism and patient safety are three crucial elements in the medication process. The students expressed positivity and confidence in using technology, but were fearful of committing serious medication errors. From the nursing students' perspective, experienced nurses deviate from existing guidelines, leaving them feeling isolated in practical learning situations. Having an unclear nursing role model for the technology-driven medication process, nursing students face difficulties in identifying and adopting best practices. The impact of using technology on the frequency, type and severity of medication errors; the technologies implications on nursing professionalism and the nurses ability to secure patient adherence to the medication process, still remains to be studied. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. [New technologies and nursing. Use and perception of primary health care nurses about electronic health record].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galimany Masclans, Jordi; Garrido Aguilar, Eva; Roca Roger, Montse; Girbau García, M Rosa

    2012-09-01

    To analyze the nurses make use of electronic health records (EHR) and assess their perception of it. A descriptive cross-sectional observational study was conducted in 2010 analyzing the nurses' perceptions of adult and pediatric consultations of primary health care teams in Baix Llobregat (Catalonia) in which the EHR is used. The study variables were: registration of care, continuity of care, training, usability and sociodemographic composition of the sample. The statistical analysis was descriptive. Nurses agree that EHR provides "continuity of care" in relation to nursing care (mean 2.03, Sd.0.83) and overall (mean 2.19, 5d.0.83). Show indifference to the "usability" of the EHR (mean 3.26, Sd.0.5), to facilitate the "record information" (mean 2.69, Sd.0.68) and the need for "training" in the use of EHR (mean 2.6, 5d.0.59). It has been found that with increasing age of the nurse, it shows more agreement that the EHR provides greater continuity of care overall. The average ratings of the continuum of care nurse, recording of information, continuity of care in general are greater the lead time using the EHR. The nurses' perceptions regarding the EHR are positive in that it provides continuity of care and to exchange information on patient health data.

  2. Analysis of 42 Nurses Occupational Quality of Life and Influencing Factors%42名护士职业生命质量及影响因素的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄雪兰

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate and analyze the factors of nurse occupation quality of life and its influence. Methods Randomly selected from our hospital used to investigate 42 nurses, 42 nurses were grouped according to the basic situation of life and the demographic characteristics, quality of life, occupation in different situation of nurses. Results Male nurses quality life occupation than women;age more nurses, the occupation life quality is higher;the more income is lower nurse occupation, the quality of life is low;the quality of life of occupation of nurses in the Department of internal medicine is higher than that of other departments;quality of life the night nurse occupation value lower than worth the night nurse;diet nursing occupation quality of life higher contrast, were significantly different, P<0.05, the difference has statistical significance. Conclusion Gender, age, income, hospital, night work, diet will have influence on both the quality of nurse occupation life.%目的:调查分析我院护士职业生命质量及影响因素。方法随机抽取我院42名护士作为调查对象,根据人口学特征、工作情况和生活基本情况对42例护士进行分组,调查不同情况护士的职业生命质量。结果男性护士职业生命质量低于女性;年龄越高的护士,其职业生命质量也越高;月收入越低的护士,其职业生命质量越低;内科护士职业生命质量高于其他科室;值夜班护士职业生命质量低于不值夜班的护士;饮食规律的护士职业生命质量更高,各组对比差异明显,P<0.05,差异有统计学意义。结论性别、年龄、月收入、所在科室、夜班工作、饮食情况对护士职业生命质量均会有影响。

  3. 层级护理模式对改善手术室护理质量及职业倦怠感的效果观察%Effect observation of level nursing mode in improveing the nursing quali-ty and occupation burnout of nurses in operation room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周小芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of level nursing mode in improveing the nursing quality and occupation burnout of nurses in operation room. Methods 46 nurses from June 2012 to December 2013 were selected as research object,and they were randomly divided into control group (routine nursing mode group) and observation group (level nursing mode group),23 cases in each group.The nuring work quality and occupation burnout of two groups before and after the intervention was compared respsctively. Results There was no significant differences in the nuring work quali-ty and occupation burnout between two groups before the intervention (P>0.05),the nuring work quality excellent and good rate of observation group after the intervention was 100.00%,the rate of no occupation burnout was 95.65%,which was obviously better than that in control group,with statistical difference(P0.05),干预后观察组护理工作质量优良率为100.00%,无倦怠感率为95.65%,显著优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论层级护理模式能够改善手术室护理人员的综合工作状态,值得临床推广应用。

  4. Entering a world of uncertainty: community nurses' engagement with information and communication technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtney-Pratt, Helen; Cummings, Elizabeth; Turner, Paul; Cameron-Tucker, Helen; Wood-Baker, Richard; Walters, Eugene Haydn; Robinson, Andrew Lyle

    2012-11-01

    Achieving adoption, use, and integration of information and communication technology by healthcare clinicians in the workplace is recognized as a challenge that requires a multifaceted approach. This article explores community health nurses' engagement with information and communication technology as part of a larger research project that investigated the delivery of self-management support to people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Following a survey of computer skills, participants were provided with computer training to support use of the project information system. Changes in practice were explored using action research meetings and individual semistructured interviews. Results highlight three domains that affected nurses' acceptance, utilization, and integration of information and communication technology into practice; environmental issues; factors in building capacity, confidence, and trust in the technology; and developing competence. Nurses face individual and practice challenges when attempting to integrate new processes into work activities, and the use of participatory models to support adoption is recommended.

  5. Education and information for practicing school nurses: which technology-supported resources meet their needs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Lori S; Enge, Karmin J

    2012-10-01

    School nurses care for children with a variety of health-related conditions and they need information about managing these conditions, which is accessible, current, and useful. The goal of this literature review was to gather and synthesize information on technology-supported resources and to determine which met the educational needs of school nurses. Successful online educational programs were interactive and self-directed. The most common barriers were lack of time to find educational information, lack of knowledge about computers, technology, the Internet and specific programs, and lack of administrative support from school officials to use technology to access information and evidence for practice. Recommendations for successful use of technology to meet practicing school nurse's educational needs are offered.

  6. Nurses' perception and barriers to use of information communication technology in a teaching hospital in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irinoye, Omolola O; Ayandiran, Emmanuel Olufemi; Fakunle, Imoleayo; Mtshali, Ntombifikile

    2013-08-01

    The impact of information technology on nursing has been a subject of discourse for the latter half of the 20th century and the early part of the 21st. Despite its obvious benefits, adapting information technology to healthcare has been relatively difficult, and rates of use have been limited especially in many developing countries. This quantitative study has shown a generally low usage of information technology among nurses in the study setting. Many of the nurses adjudged themselves as novice in information technology, with 37.8% stating that they had never had formal training in information technology and many rating themselves as possessing little or no skill in the use of spreadsheet, databases, and so on. Many (55.6%) stated that they do not have access to information technology despite the fairly widespread satisfactory perception established among them. Results further showed that unreliable network connections, high work demand, inadequate number of computers, poor access to computers consequent on wrong locations, and poor system design with associated failure to fit work demands are some of the major barriers to the use of information technology in the study setting. These factors therefore need to be taken into consideration in any intervention that seeks to improve the nurses' use of information technology in clinical setting.

  7. 论外科新上岗护士职业压力及应对措施%On occupational stresses of surgical new nurses and coping measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文; 聂平

    2015-01-01

    本文分析了外科新上岗护士职业压力产生的原因,并从加强岗位培训、提高护理操作技能、定期予以心理辅导、加强法律法规知识培训等方面提出了缓解职业压力的措施,以保障外科新上岗护士的心身健康,确保医疗安全和护理质量。%In this paper the causes of occupational stresses of surgical new nurses are analyzed and measures relieving occupational stresses raised from the strengthen of on‐the‐job training , improvement of nursing manipulation skill , regular psychological counseling and the strengthen of laws and regulations knowledge training and so on in order to ensure psychosomatic health of surgical new employed nurses , medical safety and nursing quality .

  8. Analysis of the concept of nursing educational technology applied to the patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Cruz Esmeraldo Áfio

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available It is aimed at analyzing the concept of educational technology, produced by nursing, applied to the patient. Rodgers´ Evolutionary Method of Concept Analysis was used, identifying background, attributes and consequential damages. 13 articles were selected for analysis in which the background was identified: knowledge deficiency, shortage of nursing professionals' time, to optimize nursing work, the need to achieve the goals of the patients. Attributes: tool, strategy, innovative approach, pedagogical approach, mediator of knowledge, creative way to encourage the acquisition of skills, health production instrument. Consequences: to improve the quality of life, encouraging healthy behavior, empowerment, reflection and link. It emphasizes the importance of educational technologies for the care in nursing, to boost health education activities.

  9. Development of an Applied Framework for Understanding Health Information Technology in Nursing Homes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degenholtz, Howard B; Resnick, Abby; Lin, Michael; Handler, Steven

    2016-05-01

    There is growing evidence that Health Information Technology (HIT) can play a role in improving quality of care and increasing efficiency in the nursing home setting. Most research in this area, however, has examined whether nursing homes have or use any of a list of available technologies. We sought to develop an empirical framework for understanding the intersection between specific uses of HIT and clinical care processes. Using the nominal group technique, we conducted a series of focus groups with different types of personnel who work in nursing homes (administrators, directors of nursing, physicians, mid-level practitioners, consultant pharmacists, and aides). The resulting framework identified key domain areas that can benefit from HIT: transfer of data, regulatory compliance, quality improvement, structured clinical documentation, medication use process, and communication. The framework can be used to guide both descriptive and normative research.

  10. Occupational stress, ill health and organisational commitment of employees at a university of technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua P. Viljoen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between occupational stress, ill health and organisational commitment. A survey design was used. The sample (N=353 consisted of academic (n=132 and support staff (n=221 at a university of technology. The Organizational Stress Screening Tool (ASSET and a biographical questionnaire were administered. The results showed that different organisational stressors contributed significantly to ill health and low organisational commitment. Stress about job security contributed to both physical and psychological ill health, whereas overload and job aspects contributed to psychological ill health. Stress about control and resources contributed to low organisational commitment. Low individual commitment to the organisation was predicted by five stressors, namely work-life balance, overload, control, job aspects and pay.

  11. Establishment and application of the occupation career management system for nursing staff%护理人员职业生涯管理体系的建立与应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海花; 毕越英; 顾媛媛; 解丽; 朱玲玲; 杨梅

    2012-01-01

    目的 建立合理的护理人员职业生涯管理体系并应用.方法 将职业生涯管理体系分为职业生涯评估、职业分阶段培训及职业生涯评价3个步骤.将护理人员职业发展分为职业建立、职业稳定发展和职业精深3个阶段进行职业分阶段培训,并制订培训方案和考评细则;主要通过护理人员学分达标率、学分总体水平及满意度3项指标评价护理人员职业生涯管理效果.结果 通过职业生涯管理护理人员在医德医风、夜班数、专业技能、专业理论、临床教学及学术活动方面达标率及总学分均有提高(P<0.01);护理人员工作满意度均提高(P<0.01或P<0.05).结论 护理人员职业生涯管理体系的建立与应用是提高护理人员整体素质和医院护理质量行之有效的方法.%Objective To establish and applicate the occupation career management system for nursing staff. Methods The occupation career assessment, occupation phased training and occupation career evaluation were divided from the occupation career management system. The occupation phased training of nursing staff were based on the occupation establishment stage,development and stable occupation stage and occupation intensive stage,the training plan and evaluation rules were made. The nursing occupation career management effect were evaluated by the rate of the nursing personnel credit,credit level and satisfaction. Results The scores of medical ethics, night shift number, professional skills, professional theory, clinical teaching and academic activities and the credit level of nursing staff were increased (P <0.01). Job satisfaction among nursing staff were improved (P <0.01 or P <0.05). Conclusion The establishment and application of occupation career management system for clinical nursing staff is an effective method to improve the overall quality of nursing staff and nursing quality.

  12. [Applying Collière's theoretical-philosophical ideas to consider new care technologies in obstetric nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Eneida Coimbra; Vargens, Octavio Muniz da Costa; Quitete, Jane Baptista; Macedo, Priscila de Oliveira; dos Santos, Iraci

    2008-09-01

    Approaching nursing from the perspective of a feminine practice, this article aimed at identifying the possibility to apply Collière's ideas on obstetric nursing care, relating them to the nurse's background. A descriptive method and the technique of content analysis was used to analyze scientific communications, focusing on social, theoretical-philosophical, political, and ideological aspects related to women's health, care technologies and human care in obstetric nursing. Results indicated the following analytical categories: nursing as profession; practice of care: from women to nurses; care provided by women: a sacred or challenged survival practice; identification of care practices with the nurse as an emancipated, citizen, and autonomous woman. We concluded that nurses working in obstetrics need to reconstruct their professional, individual, and social role. We suggest a reflexive critic on the appropriateness and validity of care technological innovations to provide quality women health care.

  13. Including information technology project management in the nursing informatics curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sockolow, Paulina; Bowles, Kathryn H

    2008-01-01

    Project management is a critical skill for nurse informaticists who are in prominent roles developing and implementing clinical information systems. It should be included in the nursing informatics curriculum, as evidenced by its inclusion in informatics competencies and surveys of important skills for informaticists. The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing includes project management in two of the four courses in the master's level informatics minor. Course content includes the phases of the project management process; the iterative unified process methodology; and related systems analysis and project management skills. During the introductory course, students learn about the project plan, requirements development, project feasibility, and executive summary documents. In the capstone course, students apply the system development life cycle and project management skills during precepted informatics projects. During this in situ experience, students learn, the preceptors benefit, and the institution better prepares its students for the real world.

  14. Millennial generation student nurses' perceptions of the impact of multiple technologies on learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montenery, Susan M; Walker, Marjorie; Sorensen, Elizabeth; Thompson, Rhonda; Kirklin, Dena; White, Robin; Ross, Carl

    2013-01-01

    To determine how millennial nursing students perceive the effects of instructional technology on their attentiveness, knowledge, critical thinking, and satisfaction. BACKGROUND Millennial learners develop critical thinking through experimentation, active participation, and multitasking with rapid shifts between technological devices. They desire immediate feedback. METHOD; A descriptive, longitudinal, anonymous survey design was used with a convenience sample of 108 sophomore, junior, and senior baccalaureate nursing students (participation rates 95 percent, winter, 85 percent, spring). Audience response, virtual learning, simulation, and computerized testing technologies were used. An investigator-designed instrument measured attentiveness, knowledge, critical thinking, and satisfaction (Cronbach's alphas 0.73, winter; 0.84, spring). Participants positively rated the audience response, virtual learning, and simulation instructional technologies on their class participation, learning, attention, and satisfaction. They strongly preferred computerized testing. Consistent with other studies, these students engaged positively with new teaching strategies using contemporary instructional technology. Faculty should consider using instructional technologies.

  15. 78 FR 12065 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Personal Protective Technology for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC... Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...

  16. Health Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

    The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for health occupations. The health occupations are divided into five clusters. The clusters and occupations are: health occupations, nursing occupations (home health aide, geriatric aide,…

  17. E-learning as a technological tool to meet the requirements of occupational standards in training of it specialists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokareva, N. A.; Tyatyushkina, O. Y.; Cheremisina, E. N.

    2016-09-01

    We discuss issues of updating educational programs to meet requirements of the labor market and occupational standards of IT industry. We suggest the technology of e-learning that utilizes an open educational resource to provide the employers' participation in the development of educational content and the intensification of practical training.

  18. Emerging Occupational Patterns in Australia in the Era of Globalisation and Rapid Technological Change: Implications for Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maglen, Leo; Shah, Chandra

    The effects of globalization and rapid technological change on emerging occupational patterns in Australia need to be understood in order to understand their implications for the effects on education and vocational training. Building on the classification scheme introduced by Robert Reich in his 1992 book, the Work of Nations, Australian…

  19. 职业性急性汞中毒患者的临床护理研究%Clinical nursing study of occupational acute mercury poisoning patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬鸿雁

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the clinical nursing methods and effect of occupational acute mercury poisoning patients. Methods:66 occupational acute mercury poisoning patients were selected.They were divided into the control group and the observation group with 33 cases by using the method of drawing lots.The control group was given conventional nursing.The observation group was given comprehensive nursing.The clinical nursing effects of the two groups were compared.Results:After nursing intervention,the treatment total effective rate and nursing satisfaction of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:The occupational acute mercury poisoning patients were given clinical comprehensive nursing intervention.It can effectively reduce the clinical symptoms of patients,control the disease development, and improve the curative effect and patient satisfaction.%目的:分析职业性急性汞中毒患者的临床护理方法及效果。方法:收治职业性急性汞中毒患者66例,通过抽签法分为对照组和观察组各33例。对照组给予常规护理,观察组给予综合护理。比较两组患者的临床护理疗效。结果:经过护理干预,观察组的治疗总有效率及护理满意度明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:给予职业性急性汞中毒患者临床综合护理干预,能够有效减轻患者的临床症状,控制病情发展,提高疗效以及患者满意度。

  20. Use of technological equipment in critical care units: nurses' perceptions in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiekkas, Panagiotis; Karga, Maria; Poulopoulou, Maria; Karpouhtsi, Irini; Papadoulas, Vasileios; Koutsojannis, Constantinos

    2006-02-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of nurses who work in critical care units about positive and negative effects related to the use of technological equipment and identify relationships between these perceptions and demographic characteristics of participants. Previous researchers have investigated the perceptions of nursing personnel about the effects of technology on clinical practice. However, most of them focus on specific negative effects. Positive and negative effects have never been studied as a whole. Critical care nurses were surveyed to elicit their perceptions regarding the use of technological equipment. The instrument comprised a 14-item questionnaire and a series of demographic characteristics. A five-point Likert scale was used for each of these 14 questions. The questionnaire was administered to 122 nurses working at the four critical care units of a major academic hospital in Patras, Greece, from 1/10/2003 to 31/12/2003. The completion of the questionnaires was achieved by means of a personal interview. A total of 118 questionnaires were completed. The majority of nurses recognized the positive effects of equipment regarding patient care and clinical practice. At the same time, they agreed that use of equipment possibly leads to increased risk due to human errors or mechanical faults, increased stress and restricted autonomy of nursing personnel. The use of machines does not add to nursing prestige and this may be related to decreased autonomy. Human errors, mechanical faults and increased stress do not seem to come as a result of time constriction but rather of inadequate education. Undergraduate and continuing education should respond efficiently to the needs of contemporary critical care. Recognition of positive and negative effects of machines through the investigation of perceptions of nurses is the first step before looking for ways of maximizing advantages and facing disadvantages of equipment use.

  1. Multimedia technology for diabetes education of school nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) require school nurses (SN) with specific diabetes training. Multimedia learning can facilitate cost-effective, convenient education of SN by diabetes educators (DE). We conducted formative research to gather qualitative and quantitative data to inform the interven...

  2. An Educational Panopticon? New Technology, Nurse Education and Surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epling, Michael; Timmons, Stephen; Wharrad, Heather

    2003-01-01

    Web-based learning can be liberating and enhance autonomy and reflection. However, new forms of computer-based learning also have the potential for panoptic surveillance and control of students, practices that are inimical to the values and philosophy of nursing education. (Contains 37 references.) (SK)

  3. Mobile nursing information system utilization: the task-technology fit perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tung-Cheng

    2014-03-01

    Task-technology fit theory considers how technology may best be deployed to support individuals and facilitate the completion of tasks. This study separates the fit construct into the two realms of task-technology fit and technology-individual fit and integrates organization readiness with the objective of investigating the effectiveness of mobile nursing information systems in terms of helping nursing staff to accomplish daily clinical tasks. Study participants were clinical professionals with system usage experience who work at one medical center. Results indicated that technology-individual fit is the factor that most strongly influences usage, followed respectively by task-technology fit and organization readiness. Therefore, strategies designed to implement mobile nursing information systems should focus greater effort on fitting the system to system users by making these systems easy to learn and use, and training easy to complete. System functions should not only facilitate accomplishment of daily clinical tasks such as quickly obtaining information and accurate data but also be portable and provide a user-friendly, easy-to-operate interface. Organizational readiness, the commitment and support of top management, and nursing staff willingness to learn and use the new system are also important factors that influence system usage.

  4. Accessing best practice resources using mobile technology in an undergraduate nursing program: a feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Elizabeth G; Medves, Jennifer; Vandenkerkhof, Elizabeth G

    2015-03-01

    Mobile technology presents new opportunities for nursing education and ultimately the provision of nursing care. The aim of this study was to explore the utility of mobile technology in undergraduate nursing education. In this evaluation study, undergraduate nursing students were provided with iPod Touch devices containing best practice guidelines. Computer self-efficacy was assessed, and the Theory of Planned Behavior was used to identify potential predictors of the use of mobile technology. Questionnaires were completed at baseline (n = 33) and postimplementation (n = 23). Feedback on feasibility issues was recorded throughout the study period. Students generally found the devices useful, and few technical problems were identified; however, lack of skill in using the devices and lack of support from staff in the clinical setting were commonly identified issues. Self-efficacy scores were high throughout the study. Attitudes, perceptions of the desirability of use, perceived personal control over use, and intentions of using the device were lower postimplementation than at baseline. Attitude toward the technology predicted intention to use the device after graduation. Mobile technology may promote evidence-informed practice; however, supporting students' acquisition of related skills may optimize use. Successful integration of mobile technology into practice requires attention to factors that affect student attitudes.

  5. Enhance the awareness of the importance of occupational exposure prevention in student nurses%加强实习护生对职业暴露预防重要性的认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于秀琴

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对实习护生进行职业安全教育,预防和减少职业暴露的发生.方法:实习护生进入科室前进行统一培训,让护生了解什么叫职业暴露及职业暴露的危害.实习过程中带教老师持续指导.结果:实习护生对职业暴露危害的认识提高,有利于实习护生规范操作,安全职业.结论:加强实习护生对职业暴露预防重要性的认识对护生今后的职业安全非常重要.%Objective:Through occupational safety education for student nurses,to prevent and reduce occupational exposure. Methods:Before entering the department,the student nurses were given unified training,so that student nurses understand what was called occupational exposure and occupational exposure hazard.In the process of practice,the teacher gave continuous guidance. Results:The awareness of student nurses for occupational exposure hazard was enhanced,which was conducive to the standard operation and safety occupation of student nurses.Conclusion:Strengthening awareness of student nurses for the importance of occupational exposure prevention was very important to the occupational safety in the future.

  6. Clinical Relieve Effects Observation of PDCA Mode Used in Occupation Burnout of Nursing Personnel in Operation Room%PDCA模式用于手术室护理人员职业倦怠感缓解效果探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷薇; 邹磊; 易凤琼

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate clinical relieve effects of PDCA mode used in occupation burnout of nursing personnel in op-eration room. Methods From 2014 January to 2014 October were selected 70 cases of nursing personnel were chosen and random-ly divided into two groups including control group (35 cases) with conventional nursing management mode and observation group (35 cases) with PDCA nursing management mode; the degree of occupation burnout and self burnout of nursing personnel before and after intervention of both groups were compared. Results There was no significant difference in the degree of occupation burnout and self burnout of nursing personnel before intervention between 2 groups (P>0.05). The degree of occupation burnout and self burnout of nursing personnel after intervention of observation group was significant better than control group and before intervention (P0.05);观察组护理人员干预后职业及自我倦怠程度显著优于对照组及自身干预前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论PDCA模式用于手术室护理人员可有效缓解职业倦怠感,具有临床应用价值。

  7. Occupational Biographical Decisions of U.S. Nursing Professionals for Doing a PhD.--Consequences for the Education in Nursing Science in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltrecht, Astrid

    2016-01-01

    In Germany, nursing science has been developing since the early 1990s. Since then it is possible for nursing professionals (partly with, partly without prior 3-year vocational training) to do a bachelor's or master's degree in nursing science at universities of applied sciences. However, to do a Ph.D. they need to change to a university as in…

  8. Three technological enhancements in nursing education: informatics instruction, personal response systems, and human patient simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Rebecca; Meyer, Linda; Sternberger, Carol

    2009-03-01

    With the healthcare system in a state of flux, nursing education faces many challenges. Nursing faculty must design a dynamic curriculum that deals with the explosion of information, the complexity of the healthcare system, and optimal patient outcomes while addressing the diverse expectations of learners. Inclusion of information management and interactive technology facilitates learner engagement promoting critical thinking and improving clinical judgment. This paper details the faculty's vision for an ubiquitous information technology curricula, highlighting an undergraduate informatics course, use of a personal response system, and integration of human patient simulations.

  9. Management Strategies of Occupational Exposure to Nurses%浅论护士职业暴露的管理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰祥玉

    2015-01-01

    Objective The nurse occupation exposure to understand the awareness and protection;to further put forward the remedial and Preventive Countermeasures of management.Methods By a self-designed questionnaire to the 230 clinical nurses by questionnaire investigation.Method Of the 230 clinical nurses questionnaire investigation was conducted through a questionnaire designed by ourselves. Results Occupation exposure and protection awareness is the highest rate of hand hygienestandards and washing method (56.09%), the lowest is the disposal method of medical waste material (21.30%);the key departments, senior and highly educatednurses occupation exposure than non key departments, junior and low degreerespectively 43.25%, 14.64%and 25.53%. Conclusion To strengthen the management of clinical nurses to occupation exposure, should further improve the relevant knowledge training, improve active protection consciousness, to strengthen the implementation of standard precautions systemwork, reduce the occur ence of occupation exposure.%目的:了解护士对职业暴露的知晓与防护情况;以进一步针对性地提出补救性和预防性管理对策。方法通过自行设计的调查表对本院230名临床护士进行不记名问卷调查。结果职业暴露与防护的知晓率最高的是手卫生标准及洗手法(56.09%),最低的是医疗废物的处置方法(21.30%);重点科室、高年资与高学历护士的职业暴露情况比非重点科室、低年资与低学历分别低43.25%、14.64%和25.53%。结论需加强临床护士对职业暴露的管理,应进一步提高相关知识培训,提高主动防护意识,加强标准预防措施制度的落实工作,减少职业暴露的发生。

  10. Globalization and advances in information and communication technologies: the impact on nursing and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Patricia A; Coenen, Amy

    2008-01-01

    Globalization and information and communication technology (ICT) continue to change us and the world we live in. Nursing stands at an opportunity intersection where challenging global health issues, an international workforce shortage, and massive growth of ICT combine to create a very unique space for nursing leadership and nursing intervention. Learning from prior successes in the field can assist nurse leaders in planning and advancing strategies for global health using ICT. Attention to lessons learned will assist in combating the technological apartheid that is already present in many areas of the globe and will highlight opportunities for innovative applications in health. ICT has opened new channels of communication, creating the beginnings of a global information society that will facilitate access to isolated areas where health needs are extreme and where nursing can contribute significantly to the achievement of "Health for All." The purpose of this article is to discuss the relationships between globalization, health, and ICT, and to illuminate opportunities for nursing in this flattening and increasingly interconnected world.

  11. Application of Information Technology and Communication in the teaching of anatomy for nursing students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viriam Leiva Díaz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of the first stage of a study that is part of the research project n° 187 is presented, it belongs to the School of Nursing at the University of Costa Rica. The study was based on the fundamentals of descriptive andquantitative research. The participant population consisted of students enrolled in the Anatomy course for nursing (67 students Enclosure Golfito, of which 22 of them participated in the study. The course is given during the first cycle of the curriculum of Nursing. To collect data, a questionnaire was applied. The study showed that the use of Information Technology and Communication (TIC in the teaching of anatomy to nursing contributes to meaningful learning process, in addition, the relationship established in the development of theoretical concepts of anatomy in specific situations of nursing practice served of extrinsic motivator and essential to achieve the objectives of the course, in the second phase of the proposed investigation arose: analysis of the effectiveness of this course in the formation of the pupils enrolled in the final year of the race. We conclude that the use of TIC in the various courses of the curriculum of nursing represents a novel strategy that benefits the teaching-learning process, however, clearly does not replace the teacher, demand great domain as part of the new technology information, handling of amount data, selection capacity and quality of the information available to the students.

  12. The Impact of Nursing Students' Cultural Diversity on the Intention and Attitudes Toward the Use of Information Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonen, Ayala; Sharon, Dganit; Lev-Ari, Lilac; Strauss, Ester; Segev, Ronen

    2016-05-01

    This research highlights the evidences that: The greater the threat, the lower the attitude toward information technology is, and the greater the sense of challenge, the greater self-efficacy is. Innovativeness was found to be a behavioral intention predictor in two groups, secular Jews and Arabs. This study provides nurses and nurse educators with some valuable insights about how culture, religion, and education may influence nursing students' attitudes toward information technology. © The Author(s) 2015.

  13. Occupational Burnout Syndrome in the nursing context: an integrative literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medeiros-Costa, Mateus Estevam; Maciel, Regina Heloísa; Rêgo, Denise Pereira do; Lima, Lucimar Lucas de; Silva, Maria Eliziane Pinto da; Freitas, Julyana Gomes

    2017-07-20

    To characterize the scientific production on Burnout Syndrome in the Nursingcontext, systematizing the location where the studies were carried out, the related constructs, the employed methods and their main results. An integrative review of the literature with a bibliometric approach of articles published in Portuguese, Spanish and English between 2005 and 2016. 106 articles wereincluded. Mostinvolvedprevalence, and were descriptive, quantitative studies performed in hospitals.The Southeastern and Southern regions of Brazil had the largest number of publications, and stress was the construct most related to burnout.Most of the studies used the Maslach Burnout Inventory to investigate the presence of the syndrome. New case-control and cohort studies should be carried out.Qualitative-exploratory studies are necessary to better understand Burnout Syndrome among nursing professionals usingfocus groups or interviews, as well as comparative causal studies, with the purpose of exploring the syndrome'smanifestations. Caracterizar a produção científica sobre a Síndrome do Esgotamento Profissionalno contexto da enfermagem, sistematizando os locais onde as pesquisas foram realizadas, os construtos relacionados, os métodos empregados e seus principais resultados. Revisão integrativa da literatura, com abordagem bibliométrica, em artigos na língua portuguesa, espanhola e inglesa publicados entre 2005 e 2016. Foram selecionados 106 artigos.A maioria estudos de prevalência, descritivos, quantitativos e realizados em hospitais. Nas regiões Sudeste e Sul do Brasil encontram-se o maior número de publicações, sendo o estresse o construto mais relacionado com o esgotamento profissional. A maior parte dos estudos utilizou o Maslach Burnout Inventory como meio de averiguação da presença da síndrome. Novos estudos de caso controle e coorte devem ser realizados. Pesquisas de cunho qualitativo-exploratório são necessárias para poder compreender melhor a Síndrome do

  14. Investigation of the Effects of a Nursing Information System by Using the Technology Acceptance Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Hung-Hsiou; Wu, Ya-Hui

    2016-11-09

    The purposes of this study are to investigate the effectiveness of implementing a nursing information system and to discuss several issues affecting its successful deployment from the perspectives of nurses, the major users of the system. The methodology was based on the theory of the technology acceptance model. This study adopted a cross-sectional study method to survey and collect data. In total, 167 questionnaires were distributed to subjects. Approximately 94.6%, or 158 valid questionnaires, were collected. The data were analyzed using SPSS and PLS software.The data analysis indicated that the factors that most significantly influenced the willingness of nurses to use the nursing information system were their degrees of satisfaction with the system and their perceptions of its usefulness. A nursing information system that can provide functions that are useful and convenient and that facilitate the avoidance of tedious repetitive writing and improve the quality of provided care can encourage nurse satisfaction with the system and thus stimulate their interest in using it for their work. The ease of use of the system can also affect the willingness of nurses to use it.

  15. Rheumatology education for undergraduate nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy students in the UK: standards, challenges and solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, B.; O’Brien, A.; Hammond, A.; Ryan, S.; Kay, L.; Richards, P.; Almeida, C.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives. Rheumatological conditions are common, thus nurses (Ns) occupational therapists (OTs) and physiotherapists (PTs) require at least basic rheumatology knowledge upon qualifying. The aim of this study was to develop a core set of teaching topics and potential ways of delivering them. Methods. A modified Delphi technique was used for clinicians to develop preliminary core sets of teaching topics for each profession. Telephone interviews with educationalists explored their views on these, and challenges and solutions for delivering them. Inter-professional workshops enabled clinicians and educationalists to finalize the core set together, and generate methods for delivery. Results. Thirty-nine rheumatology clinicians (12N, 14OT, 13PT) completed the Delphi consensus, proposing three preliminary core sets (N71 items, OT29, PT26). Nineteen educationalists (6N, 7OT, 6PT) participated in telephone interviews, raising concerns about disease-specific vs generic teaching and proposing many methods for delivery. Three inter-professional workshops involved 34 participants (clinicians: N12, OT9, PT5; educationalists: N2, OT3, PT2; Patient 1) who reached consensus on a single core set comprising six teaching units: Anatomy and Physiology; Assessment; Management and Intervention; Psychosocial Issues; Patient Education; and the Multi-disciplinary Team, recommending some topics within the units receive greater depth for some professions. An innovative range of delivery options was generated plus two brief interventions: a Rheumatology Chat Show and a Rheumatology Road Show. Conclusions. Working together, clinicians and educationalists proposed a realistic core set of rheumatology topics for undergraduate health professionals. They proposed innovative delivery methods, with collaboration between educationalists, clinicians and patients strongly recommended. These potential interventions need testing. PMID:18443005

  16. Occupation hazard factors and protection measures of nurses in supply room%供应室护士职业危害因素及防护措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云

    2015-01-01

    供应室护士特殊的工作性质决定着他们常暴露于多种职业危害因素之中,在操作过程中如不注意自我防护,很容易造成职业性危害,影响其身心健康。为了保证供应室护士的健康安全,本文主要分析了职业危害因素及防护措施。%The special nature of work of nurses in supply room determines that they often expose to a variety of occupational hazard factors.If they do not pay attention to self protection in the process of operation, it is easy to cause occupational hazards and affect their physical and mental health.In order to guarantee supply room nurses' health and safety,the author mainly analyzes the occupational hazard factors and protection measures in this paper.

  17. The nurse occupation burnout cause and intervention measures%护士职业倦怠原因及干预措施的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何红亚

    2012-01-01

    Occupation burnout is a word in the early 1974 American psychologist Fedden Berg into the field of psychology. It is a monotonous work machinery without new idea psychological burnout phenomenon. The work is often shown as uninterested, the occupation is filled with boredom, performance was significantly reduced, physical and mental fatigue. According to the expert investigation statistic shows, medical workers is occupation burnout syndrome risk population. And now the nursing work of high strength, high pressure, and the nurse-patient contradictions have become increasingly prominent, the nurses began to produce occupation burnout time shorter, some nurses work even after half an year began work work, showed the inferiority, apathy, loss of sympathetic, resulting in reduced work efficiency, resignation tendency to aggravate. In our hospital, the nursing staff total less than 100, but in the second half of last year to March this year, a total of six nurse resignation diverted. To better understand the nurse occupation burnout, guarantee the physical and mental health of nurses, this article will elaborate the causes, manifestations, interventions are made one shallow narrate.%职业倦怠一词最早是在1974年有美国的心理学家费登伯格引入心理学领域.它是指一种由工作单调机械无新意而引发的心理枯竭现象.常表现为对工作提不起兴趣,对职业充满了厌倦情绪,工作绩效明显降低,身心感到疲惫.据专家调查统计显示,医务工作者是职业倦怠症的高发群体.而如今护理工作的高强度、高压力,以及护惠矛盾的日益突出,使护士开始产生职业倦怠的时间越来越短,有的护士甚至工作半年后就开始厌倦工作,表现出了自卑、冷漠、失去同情心,导致工作效率降低,辞职等倾向加剧.就我院来说,护理人员总数不到100位,但就去年下半年至今年的三月份,共有六位护士辞职改行.为更好地认识护士职业倦怠,

  18. Beyond the classroom: using technology to meet the educational needs of multigenerational perinatal nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo, Ana-Maria

    2011-01-01

    For the first time in history, there are 4 distinct generations of nurses working side by side at the clinical bedside: Veterans, Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. All the generations have their unique personalities, beliefs, values, and learning styles. Approach to learning range from the traditional instructional method preferred by the Veteran's nurses to the more advanced technology (eg, Web-based, webinars, simulations, podcasts, and blogs) approach favored by Generation Y. Nurse educators and clinical nurse specialists must consider each generation's style of learning to best engage, stimulate, and promote transference and assimilations of new knowledge. This article briefly describes the generational learning style differences and explores alternative educational modalities to the traditional classroom instruction.

  19. Digital learning objects in nursing consultation: technology assessment by undergraduate students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, DeniseTolfo; Catalan, Vanessa Menezes; Neutzling, Agnes Ludwig; Martinato, Luísa Helena Machado

    2010-01-01

    This study followed the teaching-learning process about the nursing consultation, based on digital learning objects developed through the active Problem Based Learning method. The goals were to evaluate the digital learning objects about nursing consultation, develop cognitive skills on the subject using problem based learning and identify the students' opinions on the use of technology. This is an exploratory and descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 71 students in the sixth period of the nursing program at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. The data was collected through a questionnaire to evaluate the learning objects. The results showed positive agreement (58%) on the content, usability and didactics of the proposed computer-mediated activity regarding the nursing consultation. The application of materials to the students is considered positive.

  20. Effects of Instructional Technology Integration Strategies in Orientation Programs on Nurse Retention in Magnet and Non-Magnet Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancharik, Sharon D.

    2008-01-01

    This applied dissertation study was designed to learn if the increased use of instructional technology integration strategies in nursing orientation programs resulted in an increased retention of new nurses. The study attempted to uncover the current retention rate and use of technology at the participating hospitals. The data obtained from Magnet…

  1. Parents' descriptions of ideal home nursing care for their technology-dependent children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Michele A

    2013-01-01

    Home care for technology-dependent children is one of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. health care industry, but nursing literature lacks clear directions to guide home care nurses in planning a family-centered practice. The purpose of this study was to address this gap in the literature by eliciting descriptions of ideal home nursing care for technology-dependent children from the perspective of their parents. A qualitative, descriptive design with formal, semi-structured interviews was used. Seven participants (three couples and one mother) were interviewed. Data analysis revealed four components of ideal home nursing care: 1) competence in technical, assessment, clinical decision-making, and problem-solving skills; 2) a caring manner; 3) relinquishing control of the child's care to the parents; and 4) fitting in with the family and their routines. These findings have implications for both home care nurses and the care managers who supervise the care of children who are technology dependent and their families.

  2. The relationship between work climate and nurse educators' use of information technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonen, Ayala; Lev-Ari, Lilac

    2016-04-01

    Understanding organizational behavior and the attitudes of individuals in organizations is crucial for policymakers and managers. Work climate is a major part of these constructs. The main goal of this study was to examine the perceptions of academic nurse educators about their work climate, concerning the use of information technology (IT), including examining a number of variables such as self-efficacy, innovativeness, attitudes, intention to use, and actual use of information technology. This study used a quantitative research design, using written and online surveys submitted to 109 academic nurse educators working at ten different academic nursing schools in Israel. The relationship between work climate and actual use of IT was mediated by personality characteristics such as attitude toward using IT, self-efficacy, and innovativeness. Work climate positively predicted both self-efficacy and attitudes toward IT, but did not directly predict innovativeness and did not predict actual use. Policymakers and managers should consider work climate and personality characteristics as important factors in their efforts to promote IT use in nursing. As a result, nurse educators would become better acquainted with new technologies, and their acceptance of IT would improve. The organization would benefit from a better work environment and from enhanced performance. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. E-learning & information communication technology (ICT) in nursing education: A review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Button, Didy; Harrington, Ann; Belan, Ingrid

    2014-10-01

    To examine primary research articles published between January 2001 and December 2012 that focused on the issues for students and educators involved with E-learning in preregistration nursing programs. The literature was systematically reviewed, critically appraised and thematically analyzed. E-learning is arguably the most significant change to occur in nursing education since the move from hospital training to the tertiary sector. Differences in computer and information literacy for both students and educators influence the success of implementation of E-learning into current curricula. Online databases including CINAHL, MEDLINE, OVID, the ProQuest Central, PubMed, ERIC and Science Direct were used. The criteria used for selecting studies reviewed were: primary focus on electronic learning and issues faced by nursing students and/or nurse educators from undergraduate preregistration nursing programs; all articles had to be primary research studies, published in English in peer reviewed journals between January 2001 and December 2012. Analysis of the 28 reviewed studies revealed the following three themes: issues relating to E-learning for students; use of information technologies; educator (faculty) issues involving pedagogy, workload and staff development in E-learning and associated technology. The review highlighted that commencing preregistration nursing students required ongoing education and support surrounding nursing informatics. This support would enable students to progress and be equipped with the life-long learning skills required to provide safe evidence based care. The review also identified the increased time and skill demands placed on nurse educators to adapt their current education methodologies and teaching strategies to incorporate E-learning. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. [The non-nutritive sucking of premature newborn as a nursing technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, Joice Cristina Pereira; Nascimento, Maria Aparecida de Luca

    2013-01-01

    This is an experimental study with a quantitative approach, whose goal was to demonstrate that non-nutritive sucking is effective in pain management during installation, by the nursing staff, of nasal CPAP in preterm infants; and to demonstrate that the use of non-nutritive sucking, concomitantly with the installation of nasal CPAP can be considered a nursing technology. The target population consisted of 20 preterm infants undergoing installation or reinstallation of this artifact, totaling 30 procedures. The newborns were divided randomly into two groups, control and experimental, in which non-nutritive sucking was offered, the same do not happening with the control group. The reactions of pain were measured by the scale of NIPS. In 100% of the procedures that occurred concomitant with non-nutritive sucking, newborns did not feel pain; and 100% of the newborns showed pain when such suction was not offered. We conclude that the procedure can be classified as a technology of nursing care.

  5. Exploring the impact of health information technology on communication and collaboration in acute care nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cashen, Margaret S; Bradley, Victoria; Farrell, Ann; Murphy, Judy; Schleyer, Ruth; Sensmeier, Joyce; Dykes, Patricia C

    2006-01-01

    A focus group using nursing informatics experts as informants was conducted to guide development of a survey to explore the impact of health information technology on the role of nurses and interdisciplinary communication in acute care settings. Through analysis of focus group transcripts, five key themes emerged: information, communication, care coordination, interdisciplinary relationships, workflow, and practice effectiveness and efficiency. This served as the basis for development of a survey that will investigate perceptions of acute care providers across the United States regarding the impact of health information technology on the role of nurses and interdisciplinar communication in acute care settings. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of survey development including analysis of transcripts, emergence of key themes, and the processes by which the themes will be employed to inform survey development.

  6. Information and Communication Technology: Design, Delivery, and Outcomes from a Nursing Informatics Boot Camp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleib, Manal; Simpson, Nicole; Rhodes, Beverly

    2016-05-31

    Information and communication technology (ICT) is integral in today’s healthcare as a critical piece of support to both track and improve patient and organizational outcomes. Facilitating nurses’ informatics competency development through continuing education is paramount to enhance their readiness to practice safely and accurately in technologically enabled work environments. In this article, we briefly describe progress in nursing informatics (NI) and share a project exemplar that describes our experience in the design, implementation, and evaluation of a NI educational event, a one-day boot camp format that was used to provide foundational knowledge in NI targeted primarily at frontline nurses in Alberta, Canada. We also discuss the project outcomes, including lessons learned and future implications. Overall, the boot camp was successful to raise nurses’ awareness about the importance of informatics in nursing practice.

  7. Blood Purification Room Nurse Occupation Stress and Coping%血液净化室护士职业压力及应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宗槟; 梁宗桦; 于荣

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析血液净化室护士职业压力相关因素和应对策略。方法对该院2014年5月—2015年10月在血液净化室工作的8名护士的职业压力状况进行分析,总结相关影响因素,并提出具体应对策略。结果该组8名护士,实施应对策略前后,重度职业压力所占比重分别为25.0%、0.0%,对当前工作不满意所占比重分别为50.0%、12.5%,比较差异有统计学意义(P﹤0.05);分析认为职业压力大与工作量大、工作环境差、职业危险系数高和护患关系紧张等因素有关。结论职业压力直接影响到净化室护士身心健康以及血液净化工作质量,有必要改善工作环境,合理安排工作时间,并对净化室护士进行专业培训,使其能够以良好的身心状态投入到工作中。%Objective To analyze the related factors and coping strategies of occupational stress of nurses in blood purifica-tion room. Methods The occupational stress status of 8 nurses working in the blood purification room from May 2014 to Oc-tober 2015 were analyzed, and the related influencing factors were summarized, and the specific coping strategies were put forward. Results The group of eight nurses, the implementation of coping strategies, severe occupational stress proportion were 25.0%, 0.0%, not satisfied with the current work accounted for 50.0% and 12.5%, respectively, the difference was sig-nificant (P<0.05);analysis of occupational stress and workload, poor working environment, occupational risk coefficient is high and tension of nurse patient relationship etc. factors. Conclusion Occupational stress directly affects purification room nurses' physical and mental health and blood purification work quality, it is necessary to improve the working environment, reasonable arrangement of working hours and to purify the room nurses were professional training, so that it can be put to work in good physical and mental state.

  8. Survey on the level of occupational well-being among the community nurses%社区护士工作幸福感现状的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛津津; 刘薇群; 汤培凤; 陆佳韵

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of occupational well-being among the community nurses and analyze factors influencing their occupational well-being,in order to improve community nurses' well-being.Methods In January 2013,a total of 156 nurses from five community health service centers in Shanghai were selected as subjects by convenience sampling,who were surveyed with general information questionnaire and occupational well-being questionnaire.Results The overall score of occupational well-being among 156 community nurses was (161.20 ± 22.22),and the scores of all dimensions were above the medium level,among which the dimension of "interpersonal relationship" reached the highest score of (4.88 ± 0.68),but "welfare treatment" score was (3.80 ± 0.82) and the lowest.The scores concerning the two dimensions of "work value" and "self-acceptance" showed statistically significant differences among nurses who had different monthly income and years of working (F =2.845,3.360,3.056,3.164,respectively; P < 0.05).Conclusions The occupational well-being of nursing staffs from community still should be improved,especially in the dimension of "welfare treatment".The managers should actively care about the nurses who have lower seniority and lower income,in order to increase their recognition of work value and self-acceptance.%目的 调查社区护士的工作幸福感水平,分析影响工作幸福感因素,以提升社区护士的工作福祉.方法 2013年1月通过便利抽样抽取上海地区5家社区卫生服务中心的156名护理人员作为调查对象,采用一般资料调查表和工作幸福感问卷进行调查.结果 156名社区护理人员的总体工作幸福感得分为(161.20±22.22)分,各维度得分均达到中等偏上水平,其中“人际关系”维度得分最高,为(4.88±0.68)分,福利待遇维度最低,为(3.80±0.82)分;不同月总收入和工作年限护士工作价值、自我接受2个维度得分比较差异均有

  9. Education and Information for Practicing School Nurses: Which Technology-Supported Resources Meet Their Needs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Lori S.; Enge, Karmin J.

    2012-01-01

    School nurses care for children with a variety of health-related conditions and they need information about managing these conditions, which is accessible, current, and useful. The goal of this literature review was to gather and synthesize information on technology-supported resources and to determine which met the educational needs of school…

  10. Occupational therapy in hospital based care in the Netherlands: a comparison of occupational therapy in general care (nursing homes, rehabilitation centres and general hospitals) and psychiatric care.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Driessen, M.J.; Dekker, J.; Zee, J. van der; Lankhorst, G.

    1996-01-01

    The case of a 26-year old woman with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is presented. Multidimensional assessment showing severe debilitating fatigue and considerable psychological, social and occupational impairment confirmed the diagnosis. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) was based on a tested causal

  11. Occupational therapy in hospital based care in the Netherlands: a comparison of occupational therapy in general care (nursing homes, rehabilitation centres and general hospitals) and psychiatric care.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Driessen, M.J.; Dekker, J.; Zee, J. van der; Lankhorst, G.

    1996-01-01

    The case of a 26-year old woman with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is presented. Multidimensional assessment showing severe debilitating fatigue and considerable psychological, social and occupational impairment confirmed the diagnosis. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) was based on a tested causal

  12. Team climate and attitudes toward information and communication technology among nurses on acute psychiatric wards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koivunen, Marita; Anttila, Minna; Kuosmanen, Lauri; Katajisto, Jouko; Välimäki, Maritta

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To describe the association of team climate with attitudes toward information and communication technology among nursing staff working on acute psychiatric wards. Background: Implementation of ICT applications in nursing practice brings new operating models to work environments, which may affect experienced team climate on hospital wards. Method: Descriptive survey was used as a study design. Team climate was measured by the Finnish modification of the Team Climate Inventory, and attitudes toward ICT by Burkes' questionnaire. The nursing staff (N = 181, n = 146) on nine acute psychiatric wards participated in the study. Results: It is not self-evident that experienced team climate associates with attitudes toward ICT, but there are some positive relationships between perceived team climate and ICT attitudes. The study showed that nurses' motivation to use ICT had statistically significant connections with experienced team climate, participative safety (p = 0.021), support for innovation (p = 0.042) and task orientation (p = 0.042). Conclusion: The results suggest that asserting team climate and supporting innovative operations may lead to more positive attitudes toward ICT. It is, in particular, possible to influence nurses' motivation to use ICT. More attention should be paid to psychosocial factors such as group education and co-operation at work when ICT applications are implemented in nursing.

  13. Embracing healthcare technology - What is the way forward for nurse education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCabe, Catherine; Timmins, Fiona

    2016-11-01

    Digital technology is regarded as increasingly important in the provision of safe, consistent and optimal health care in the future. However considerable challenges exist in relation to how it can best be used and integrated to support, transform and facilitate user engagement and provide individualised care. Many forms of digital health technology exist already that have improved diagnosis and treatment in terms of early diagnosis and treatment. That said, healthcare, and nursing in particular, remains largely at the periphery of the digital technology transformation and as a result is failing to capitalise on its potential for improving health care and services. Awareness of the level of change in terms of professional and cultural ideology is needed when introducing technology in health care. Participation in the introduction, adaptation and acceptance process by all staff using soft and hard data to create a vision, set clear goals and develop a mutually agreed implementation strategy is essential for success. A positive approach by management towards the use and benefits of digital technology for improving and transforming healthcare in conjunction with education support has been effective in some UK and US projects. Education needs to commence at undergraduate level and continue across the nursing career trajectory. This will help nurses to re-conceptualise how both patients and health care professionals can benefit and that technology can serve to enhance and support patient centred communication rather than limit it. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  14. 血液透析专科护士职业认同的质性研究%Qualitative research on occupation identity of hemodialysis nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李恩慈; 蔡志翔; 娄海嫦

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨血液透析专科护士职业认同的现状及影响因素.方法 采用质性研究中的现象学研究方法,运用半结构式个人访谈法,深入访谈12名血液透析专科护士,并采用Colaizzi的7步分析法分析资料.结果 血液透析专科护士对职业角色认同确定、情感较积极;影响血液透析专科护士职业认同的主要因素提炼为4大主题:专科业务能力、工作负荷、人际关系、个人成长与发展.结论 管理者应减轻专科护士的工作压力,营造和谐人际环境,为其发展提供支持性的组织环境及制度,以有效提升血液透析专科护士职业认同水平.%Objective To explore the status and influence factor on occupation identity of hemodialysis nurses.Methods Twelve hemodialysis nurses received the in-depth interview through the semi-structured individual interview which was from the phenomenological methods of qualitative research,and the data were analyzed by Colaizzi' s analysis.Results The occupation identity of hemodialysis nurses was definite and positive.The four themes were summarized including professional ability,workload,interpersonal relationship,individual growth and development.Conclusions The administrators should lighten the work stress of specialist nurse,and create a harmonious interpersonal environment,and provide a supporting organizational environment and system for the development of nurses,so as to effectively enhance the level of their occupation identity.

  15. Development of a blended model of teaching and learning for nursing students on rostered placement to ensure competence in information and communication technology for professional practice in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creedon, Sile A; Cummins, Ann Maria

    2012-05-01

    Experiences gained from delivering a Health Informatics for Nurses course in a school of nursing and midwifery in a university teaching hospital in Ireland suggest that Web-based courses may facilitate an enhanced understanding of course content. Nursing education must recognize the importance of information and communication technology in nursing to prepare the nursing and midwifery profession to embrace current advances in information and communication technology in healthcare in Ireland, and ultimately to benefit patient care.

  16. 优质护理服务工程实施中精神科护士压力现状调查分析%Analysis of occupational stress on psychiatric nurses during quality nursing care project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭明; 彭伟; 张俊

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解优质护理服务工程实施以来精神科护士压力及相关因素分析.方法 采用护士压力源量表对西安市精神卫生中心临床护士进行调查,并采用SSPS19.0软件包进行统计学分析.结果 78名护士整体压力水平为中度,首要压力为护理专业及工作方面问题,其次为患者护理方面的问题,并且男护士、倒班护士、非在编护士压力比较高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 了解优质护理服务工程实施中精神科护士压力情况,给予个人、护理管理者及医院管理层以支持,有利于缓解压力,提高生活和工作质量.%Objective To study the occupational stress on psychiatric nurses and investigate their correlative factors during quality nursing care project. Methods Chinese Nurse Stress Scale (CNSS) was used to measure 78 psychiatric nurses in the Mental Health Center of Xi'an City. The statistical analysis was performed by SSPS19.0. Results The overall pressure level of the psychiatric nurses was medium. Major source of stress was the work environment and resource issues, then patient care issues. The male nurses, shift nurses, contract nurses, tended to have significantly higher pressure, compared with others (P<0.05). Conclusion During the implementation of quality care project, it helps relieve stress and improve the quality of life and work to understand the stress situation of the psychiatric nurses, and to provide the individual, nursing managers and hospital management with specific support

  17. Investigation of the occupation orientation and vocational development in the male nursing students%本科男护生职业定位与发展的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明; 宋向阳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nursing professional recognition and occupation mentality in the male nursing students and analyze the influence factors and countermeasures , and to provide the basis for the occupation orientation and vocational development in the male nursing students .Methods Fifty-six undergraduate male nursing students were surveyed by the questionnaire designed by ourselves to investigate and analyze the cognitive status of self-occupation orientation and vocational development in the male nursing students . Results 37.5%male nursing students chose the nursing specialty as the first choice , the main motive in 75%male nursing students was easy to obtain employment , and 73.2% male nursing students would be engaged in the nursing work after graduation.The most important factors affecting the development of male nursing students were the social prejudice and traditional ideas .Conclusions According to psychological characteristics of male nursing students, the occupation orientation and planning are early carried out in order to increase their confidence and set up the good occupation outlook , and which play important role in changing into nurse role .%目的:对本科男护生护理专业认知度及职业心态进行调查,分析影响因素及对策,为男护生职业定位及发展提供依据。方法采用自行设计的调查问卷,对56名本科男护生的自我职业定位和职业生涯发展的认知状况等进行调查。结果37.5%男护生护理学专业为第一志愿,75.0%主要动机是容易就业,73.2%毕业后会从事护理工作;影响男护生发展的最重要的因素是社会偏见及传统观念。结论根据男护生心理行为特点,尽早进行职业定位与规划,对增加男护生自信心,树立良好的职业观,准确地进入护士角色起着重要作用。

  18. 高职护理职业道德教育的现状与思考%Discussion the present situation and ponder of professorship nursing occupational ethics education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    多文兰; 张燕

    2011-01-01

    护理职业道德是在医疗护理过程中调整护士与患者、其他医护人员以及社会之间相互关系的行为准则和规范.护理人员的道德理想、道德信念、道德品质,直接影响和决定着护士对待护理工作和患者的根本态度,也直接影响和制约着护理质量.但目前高职护理职业道德教育的现状不容乐观.针对目前高职护理职业道德教育存在的现状,文章对其原因进行了较为深入的研究和分析,并对如何加强高职护理职业道德教育进行了有益的探索.%The occupational ethics of nursing is adjusts between the nurse and the patient, other medical care personnel as well as the society in the medical care process the reciprocity behavior criterion and the standard. Nursing staff' s moral ideal, the moral faith, the moral character, affect directly and were deciding the nursing treats,the nursing work and patient ' s basic manner, also affects and is restricting the nursing quality directly. But the present quality nursing occupational ethics education present situation is unoptimistic. In view of the present quality nursing occupational ethics education existence present situation, the article has conducted more thorough research and the analysis to its reason, and how to strengthened the quality nursing occupational ethics education to carry on the heneficial exploration.

  19. General practitioners' reasoning about using mobile distance-spanning technology in home care and in nursing home care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wälivaara, Britt-Marie; Andersson, Staffan; Axelsson, Karin

    2011-03-01

    The trend for health care and nursing care turns from hospital to health care and nursing care at home. Studies have shown that health care professionals have no access to patient records in home and nursing home settings. Technological development creates opportunities for a host of mobile technology solutions. The aim of this study was to describe the reasoning among general practitioners (GPs) about the use of mobile distance-spanning technology (MDST) in care at home and in nursing homes. Seventeen GPs were divided in five groups for a group interview. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The qualitative content analysis resulted in four areas about the MDST, MDST has an impact on GPs' work, the nurses' profession, and the patient and the family, with nine adherent categories. The findings were interpreted and formulated in the theme: MDST should be used with caution. The results show quite a few expressions about the MDST as useful and valuable in health care at home and in nursing home settings; however, in every category, there were text that we interpreted as caution when using the MDST. The MDST cannot be used in all situations and cannot replace human meetings in health care and nursing care at home and in nursing homes. The MDST should primarily be a tool for the profession, and understanding the professions' reasoning about technology use in health care at home and in nursing home settings must be the base for implementing MDST.

  20. An evaluation of virtual reality technology as an occupational therapy treatment tool in spinal cord injury rehabilitation

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNamara, Angela Dr.

    2006-01-01

    The introduction of virtual reality (VR) games as an occupational therapy (OT) treatment tool is an attempt to use technology as purposeful activity that is more relevant to a modern patient population than traditional art and craft based activities. It is unclear however if VR games are suitable for clinical applications and the current project examines the usability of video-capture VR games in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation.\\r\

  1. Information technologies and nursing process records: case study at a neonatal ICU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Brandão Pereira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze the recording of the nursing process, supported by information and communication technologies in both printed and electronic media in the neonatal intensive care scenario. This case study was exclusive, integrated, and conducted between January and April 2014. The study counted on the participation of seven nurses who worked at a neonatal ICU before and after the deployment of new information and communication technologies, which combined electronic and physical (paper support. Data were collected from medical records and a questionnaire answered by the nurses. Simple and percentage frequency in the levels of the nursing process application were used for analysis, as well as the set of intervening factors related to the work organization structure and process. Positive and negative results were seen, as well as intervening factors. The study concluded that the new information and communication technologies delivered in physical materials accounted for the registration of the higher number of records in the data collection and that the registration of the other stages did not show any substantial improvement.

  2. Implementation of occupational health service improvements through application of total quality management processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Elizabeth Anne

    2011-06-01

    The occupational health services department for a manufacturing division of a high-technology firm was redesigned from an outsourced model, in which most services were provided by an outside clinic vendor, to an in-house service model, in which services were provided by an on-site nurse practitioner. The redesign and implementation, accomplished by a cross-functional team using Total Quality Management processes, resulted in a comprehensive occupational health services department that realized significant cost reduction, increased compliance with regulatory and company requirements, and improved employee satisfaction. Implications of this project for occupational health nurses are discussed.

  3. "iM Ready to Learn": Undergraduate Nursing Students Knowledge, Preferences, and Practice of Mobile Technology and Social Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hay, Benjamin; Carr, Peter J; Dawe, Lydia; Clark-Burg, Karen

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify in what way social media and mobile technology assist with learning and education of the undergraduate nurse. The study involved undergraduate nursing students across three campuses from the University of Notre Dame Australia. Participants were invited to complete an online questionnaire that related to their current knowledge, preferences, and practice with mobile technology and social media within their undergraduate nursing degree. A quantitative descriptive survey design was adapted from an initial pilot survey by the authors. A total of 386 nursing students (23.47% of the total enrolment) completed the online survey. Overall, results suggested that students are more supportive of social media and mobile technology in principle than in practice. Students who frequently use mobile technologies prefer to print out, highlight, and annotate the lecture material. Findings suggest that nursing students currently use mobile technology and social media and are keen to engage in ongoing learning and collaboration using these resources. Therefore, nursing academia should encourage the appropriate use of mobile technology and social media within the undergraduate curriculum so that responsible use of such technologies positively affects the future nursing workforce.

  4. The relationship among occupational stress,job burnout,and nursing errors among nursing staffs%护理人员职业紧张和职业倦怠与护理差错的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐菲; 袁婧; 黄莹; 单益霞; 金玉兰

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨和分析三级医院护理人员职业紧张、职业倦怠与护理差错的关系。方法采用单纯随机抽样方法抽取承德市2所三级医院共618名护理人员为研究对象,进行调查。调查内容包括人口学特征、职业紧张、职业倦怠和护理差错4部分。结果合计发生护理差错的护理人员为232人次,占37.5%。其中49名护理人员承认发生给药错误,占7.9%;承认处理医嘱错误77人,占12.5%;承认标本留取错误98人,占15.9%,承认护理记录不完善或不正确121人,占19.6%。结构方程模型拟合参数结果显示,工作负荷对护理差错的影响最大,个人成就感次之,玩世不恭对护理差错影响最小,工作负荷对护理差错的间接效应无统计学意义。结论医院管理者应注意适当降低护理人员工作量,提高护理人员职业成就感,从而降低护理差错的发生。%Objective To explore the relationship among occupational stress,job burnout,and nursing errors a-mong nurses.Methods 618 nurses from 2 third class hospitals in Chengde City were selected by simple random sampling method.The contents of the questionnaire included general demographic characteristics,occupational stress,job burnout and nursing errors.Results Totally,232 (37.5%)participants admitted that they had been made at least one nursing er-ror during the past one year 49 (7.9%)of participants admitted drug errors,77 (12.5%)of participants admitted to process physician orders incorrectly,98 (15.9%)of participants admitted to take the specimen incorrectly and 121 (19.6%)of participants admitted nursing record errors.The influence of workload on nursing error was biggest and the influ-ence of cynicism dimension on nursing error was smallest.The structure factor of indirect effect from workload to nursing er-rors was not significant.Conclusion Hospital managers should pay attention to reduce the workload of nursing

  5. Influence of behavior control on occupational exposure of operating room nurses%行为控制对手术室护士职业暴露的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林华; 余丽君; 袁慧

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨行为控制对手术室护士职业暴露的影响。方法:统计我院2009年7月~2013年6月施行行为控制前后66名手术室护士在35767例手术配合过程中发生的职业暴露次数,比较行为控制对手术室护士职业暴露的影响。结果:行为控制前护士的职业暴露率为0.18%,采取行为控制后职业暴露率为0.06%。结论:行为控制能有效降低职业暴露对手术室护士的伤害,可以作为预防和减少职业暴露的方法在临床使用。%Objective:To investigate the behavioral control of occupational exposure to operating room nurses.Statistical methods in our hospital in July 2009 to June 2013 after 66 behavioral control purposes operating room nurse in 35,767 cases occur during surgery with occupational exposure times,more behav-ioral control on the impact of occupational exposure to operating room nurses.Results:Behavioral control former nurse occupational exposure was 0.18%,af-ter taking behavior control occupational exposure was 0.06%.Conclusion:Behavioral control can effectively reduce occupational exposure to operating room nurse injuries,can be used as prevention and reduction of occupational exposure in clinical.

  6. Exploring the technology readiness of nursing and medical students at a Canadian University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caison, Amy L; Bulman, Donna; Pai, Shweta; Neville, Doreen

    2008-06-01

    Technology readiness is a well-established construct that refers to individuals' ability to embrace and adopt new technology. Given the increasing use of advanced technologies in the delivery of health care, this study uses the Technology Readiness Index (Parasuraman, 2000) to explore the technology readiness of nursing and medical students from the fall 2006 cohort at Memorial University of Newfoundland. The three major findings from this study are that (i) rural nursing students are more insecure with technology than their urban counterparts, (ii) male medical students score higher on innovation than their female counterparts and have a higher overall technology readiness attitude than female medical students, and (iii) medical students who are older than 25 have a negative technology readiness score whereas those under 25 had a positive score. These findings suggest health care professional schools would be well served to implement curricular changes designed to support the needs of rural students, women, and those entering school at a non-traditional age. In addition, patterns such as those observed in this study highlight areas of emphasis for current practitioners as health care organizations develop continuing education offerings for staff.

  7. Correlation between nurse occupational stress and salivary alpha-amylase: an analysis of 131 cases%131名护士职业应激与唾液α淀粉酶的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘留留; 田宏迩; 詹永国; 张庆东; 朱新云; 曹丽丽; 张虎

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between nurse occupational stress and salivary alphaamylase (SAA).Methods Evaluation of occupational stress was conducted in 131 nurses.The activity of SAA was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results The activity of SAA in nurses varied with age and working years.The baseline,work period,recovery,average activities of >35 age group were less than those of ≤ 30 age group; work period,recovery,average activities of≤ 10 years group were higher than other two groups; theres was no statistical difference between SAA vitalities of different degree groups (P>0.05).In nurses with high scores for job demands,the activity of SAA in working period was significantly higher than that in nurses with low scores (P<0.05).The baseline SAA activity in nurses with high scores for role conflict and ambiguity was significantly higher than that in nurses with low scores (P<0.05).The baseline SAA activity was positively correlated with workload,role conflict,and role ambiguity (P<0.05).The activity of SAA in working period was negatively correlated with task control,decision control,and technology utilization (P<0.05),and was positively correlated with quantitative load,load change,work monotony,and workload (P<0.05).The activity of SAA in recovery period was negatively correlated with task control,decision control,resource control,and technology utilization (P<0.01).The average activity of SAA was negatively correlated with task control,decision control,resource control,technology utilization,opportunity for participating in decision-making,and promotion (P<0.05),and was positively correlated with quantitative load,load change,workload,and role ambiguity (P<0.05).Conclusion The occupational stress in 131 nurses is correlated with the activity of SAA,which can be used as an objective biomarker for identification and evaluation of occupational stress.%目的 探讨护士职业应激与唾液

  8. 急诊科护士工作场所暴力与职业紧张现状及其相关性分析%Correlation between workplace violence against ED nurses and occupational stress of ED nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王位琼; 谢文; 张梅霞; 余婷; 胡丽茎; 余娜

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨急诊科护士工作场所暴力与职业紧张之间的关系,为预防急诊科护士工作场所暴力提供理论依据.方法:采用医院工作场所暴力调查量表和职业紧张目录问卷对广州市5家急诊科护士进行调查.结果:80.2%的急诊科护士在过去一年中遭受过工作场所暴力,其中辱骂、威胁、身体攻击的发生率分别为77.60%、62.0%、22.3%.急诊科护士的职业紧张平均得分为296.62分,职业任务平均得分为132.08分,紧张反应平均得分为67.52分,应对资源平均得分为87.11分.影响工作场所暴力的职业紧张因素从大到小排列依次是工作环境、休闲应对资源、心理紧张反应、任务不适、躯体紧张反应、任务过重、任务冲突.结论:急诊科护士工作场所暴力发生率高,急诊科护士上作场所暴力受职业紧张影响.%Objective: To explore correlation between workplace violence against ED nurses and occupational stress of ED nurses. Methods: Totally 237 ED nurses from 5 hospitals in Guangzhou were investigated by the modified version of hospital workplace violence and Occupational Stress Inventory -revised edition. Results: 80.2% emergency nurses in the past year suffered workplace violence. The incidence rate of verbal abuse,threats, physical attack was 77.6%, 62.0%, 22.3% respectively. The average score of occupational stress was 296.62, average score of occupational role, strain response, personal coping resources was 132.08, 67.52, 87.11 respectively. Items of occupational stress which impacted workplace violence included work environment, leisure coping resources,psychological stress reaction, task unfit, physical stress reaction, role overload, and role collision. Conclusion: There is high incidence of workplace violence against ED nurses, and workplace violence is influenced by occupational stress.

  9. A survey of nursing faculty needs for training in use of new technologies for education and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Diane N; Zierler, Brenda; Nguyen, Huong Q

    2011-04-01

    This study describes nursing faculty's use, knowledge of, and training needs associated with distance learning, simulation, telehealth, and informatics tools in nursing education and practice. Web-based surveys were completed by 193 faculty members from nursing schools in the western United States. More than half of the respondents were frequent users of distance learning and informatics tools. Approximately 66% of faculty reported they were competent with distance learning and informatics tools. Training and technical support for the use of distance learning was highest, yet 69% of faculty still reported a need for additional training. The availability of training and financial and technical support was associated with greater use of distance learning technologies (p technologies, the findings suggest nursing faculty perceive a need for training and support to effectively use educational technologies in nursing education. Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.

  10. Status and Countermeasures of Nurse Occupational Stress in a Hospital,Changchun%长春市某医院护士职业压力现状及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟微; 姚瑶瑶; 高玉霞

    2013-01-01

    By analyzing the actuality of nurse occupational stress in Changchun, such as the overload work, unbalanced social evaluation, complex interpersonal relationships at work, and the enhanced patient rights awareness. The article explores the countermeasures of relieving clinical nurse occupational stress including to draw up the effective management solution in hospital, hospital should make some actions to enhance the quality training in nurse, so as to maintain the physical and mental health of nurses, improve the nurse position, reduce nursing errors and nursing disputes, improve the quality of nursing work.%通过分析长春市某医院护士的职业压力现状,针对目前护士超重的工作负荷,社会对其评价失衡,在工作中人际关系复杂、患者维权意识增强等问题,探索减轻临床护士职业压力的对策,提出医院应制定有效措施,维护护士身心健康,提高护士地位,减少护理工作中的差错及缓解护患纠纷,提高护理工作质量.

  11. Smoke-free nurses: leading by example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halcomb, Kathleen A

    2005-05-01

    Occupational health nurses' scope of practice includes health promotion and restoration of health from environmental hazards (American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, n.d.). Because the nursing profession is the largest constituent of health care providers, it is essential that occupational health nurses tackle the smoking epidemic among the nursing profession. By encouraging smoking cessation among nurses, occupational health nurses reduce the environmental hazard of second-hand smoke and improve the health of nurses who smoke. When occupational health nurses take an active role in encouraging smoking cessation among nurses, they become leaders in reducing smoking within their communities. Members of the nursing profession are also role models. Occupational health nurses must help nurses become healthy role models and credible educators in the battle against smoking.

  12. Relationship between Staff-Reported Culture Change and Occupancy Rate and Organizational Commitment among Nursing Homes in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Minhong; Choi, Jae-Sung; Lim, Jinseop; Kim, Young Sun

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to examine culture change in nursing homes in South Korea and to identify the outcomes of culture change implementation. Design and Methods: Data were taken from survey responses from 223 top- or mid-level staff among nursing homes in South Korea that were selected through a proportionate random-stratified sampling method…

  13. [Flipped Classroom: A New Teaching Strategy for Integrating Information Technology Into Nursing Education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiou, Shwu-Fen; Su, Hsiu-Chuan; Liu, Kuei-Fen; Hwang, Hei-Fen

    2015-06-01

    The traditional "teacher-centered" instruction model is still currently pervasive in nursing education. However, this model does not stimulate the critical thinking or foster the self-learning competence of students. In recent years, the rapid development of information technology and the changes in educational philosophy have encouraged the development of the "flipped classroom" concept. This concept completely subverts the traditional instruction model by allowing students to access and use related learning activities prior to class on their smartphones or tablet computers. Implementation of this concept has been demonstrated to facilitate greater classroom interaction between teachers and students, to stimulate student thinking, to guide problem solving, and to encourage cooperative learning and knowledge utilization in order to achieve the ideal of student-centered education. This student-centered model of instruction coincides with the philosophy of nursing education and may foster the professional competence of nursing students. The flipped classroom is already an international trend, and certain domestic education sectors have adopted and applied this concept as well. However, this concept has only just begun to make its mark on nursing education. This article describes the concept of the flipped classroom, the implementation myth, the current experience with implementing this concept in international healthcare education, and the challenging issues. We hope to provide a reference for future nursing education administrators who are responsible to implement flipped classroom teaching strategies in Taiwan.

  14. The evolution and evaluation of videoconferencing technology for graduate nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sackett, Kay Marie; Campbell-Heider, Nancy; Blyth, John B

    2004-01-01

    The Integrated Services Digital Network H.323 (ISDN), which has been in use for the past 20 years often requires a dedicated telephone line and other equipment to implement. Consequently, expansion of ISDN-based videoconferencing requires infrastructure not always accessible in those areas that are most in need of technological connections. New H.323 technology using Internet Protocol H.320 (IP) connectivity can accommodate the use in a variety of videoconferencing software and fill this void as demonstrated by an experiment conducted live at the Syllabus Web '99 conference. When a faculty group were unable to secure ISDN connections to demonstrate their clinical evaluation of Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) students using videoconferencing technology, an ad hoc group of computer experts, educators, instructional design specialists, and corporate sponsors collaborated to design a multipoint PC-based connection using IP connectivity. This article describes the first application of this technology, the evolution of ISDN and IP systems in nursing education and practice, and suggests appropriate future trends for their utility in nursing.

  15. Evaluating interactive technology for an evolving case study on learning and satisfaction of graduate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Marjorie A; Schaffner, Barbara H

    2016-07-01

    Nursing education is challenged to prepare students for complex healthcare needs through the integration of teamwork and informatics. Technology has become an important teaching tool in the blended classroom to enhance group based learning experiences. Faculty evaluation of classroom technologies is imperative prior to adoption. Few studies have directly compared various technologies and their impact on student satisfaction and learning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate technology enhanced teaching methods on the learning and satisfaction of graduate students in an advanced pharmacology class using an unfolding case study. After IRB approval, students were randomly assigned to one of three groups: blogging group, wiki group or webinar group. Students completed the evolving case study using the assigned interactive technology. Student names were removed from the case studies. Faculty evaluated the case study using a rubric, while blinded to the assigned technology method used. No significant difference was found on case study grades, the range of grades on the assignment demonstrated little differences between the methods used. Students indicated an overall positive impact related to networking and collaboration on a satisfaction survey. Impact of technology methods needs to be explored in other areas of graduate nursing education.

  16. Knowledge management, health information technology and nurses' work engagement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, P.H.J.; Ligthart, P.E.M.; Schouteten, R.L.J.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge management (KM) extends the health information technology (HIT) literature by addressing its impact on creating knowledge by sharing and using the knowledge of health care professionals in hospitals. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to provide insight into how HIT affects

  17. Knowledge management, health information technology and nurses' work engagement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, P.H.J.; Ligthart, P.E.M.; Schouteten, R.L.J.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge management (KM) extends the health information technology (HIT) literature by addressing its impact on creating knowledge by sharing and using the knowledge of health care professionals in hospitals. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to provide insight into how HIT affects

  18. Use of iPod™ technology in medical-surgical nursing courses: effect on grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Robert; Hepworth, Joseph; Goldsmith, Melissa; Lacasse, Cheryl

    2010-01-01

    Advances in computer technology, such as the portable and affordable iPod™, allow students to view lectures anywhere at any time. iPods™ are of special interest for nurse educators who strive to meet demands posed by a critical nursing shortage. A mixed-methods pilot study was conducted to assess whether iPod™ could be an effective teaching tool for medical-surgical nursing lectures. In a randomized study with 35 participants, together with eight students having their own iPods™, grades of students given pre-recorded class lectures on iPods™ were compared with grades of those who attended lectures without iPods™. Learning styles, amount and use of students devoted to iPod™ lectures were considered as well as grades. Most results were not significant, but there was some evidence that the control groups who attended classroom lectures received better grades than iPod™ users, and individuals who used iPod™ more frequently before the final exam received lower grades. These somewhat surprising results suggest the need for further research in the use of this technology as a resource for nursing education delivery.

  19. ICT & OTs: a model of information and communications technology acceptance and utilisation by occupational therapists (part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaper, Louise; Pervan, Graham

    2007-01-01

    The research reported in this paper describes the development, empirical validation and analysis of a model of technology acceptance by Australian occupational therapists. The study described involved the collection of quantitative data through a national survey. The theoretical significance of this work is that it uses a thoroughly constructed research model, with one of the largest sample sizes ever tested (n=1605), to extend technology acceptance research into the health sector. Results provide strong support for the model. This work reveals the complexity of the constructs and relationships that influence technology acceptance and highlights the need to include sociotechnical and system issues in studies of technology acceptance in healthcare to improve information system implementation success in this arena. The results of this study have practical and theoretical implications for health informaticians and researchers in the field of health informatics and information systems, tertiary educators, Commonwealth and State Governments and the allied health professions.

  20. Job burnout and occupational stress among nurses%护士工作倦怠与职业紧张关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雪; 刘利; 高菲; 吴辉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between job burnout and occupational stress among nurses for the improvements of the nurses' mental and physical health and life quality. Methods The study population was comprised of 515 nurses working more than 6 months from six hospitals in Liaoning province. Job bumout was measured with Maslach Bumout Inventory-General Survey( MBI-GS). Occupational stress was measured with Job Content Questionnaire(JCQ) and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI). Results The mean MBI-GS scores were 13.45 ±7.18 for emotional exhaustion,7. 21 ±5. 27 for cynicism,and 26.04 ± 10. 19 for professional efficacy. Univariate analyses showed that MBI-GS scores of the nurses of younger( ≤30 years),single,being a head nurse, working on shift,and with serious dissatisfaction to nurse-patient relationship were higher than those of other groups (P < 0. 05). The influencing factors, in the sequence of standardized coefficients of multivariate regression, were extrinsic effort (β = 0. 383 ), intrinsic effort (β =0. 226) and decision authority (β = - 0.115) for emotional exhaustion, extrinsic effort (β = 0. 253), overcommitment (β =0.159), supervisor support (β = -0.112) and skill discretion (β = -0.098) for cynicism, and psychological job demand (β= -0.159) and skill discretion(β =0.130) for professional efficacy. Conclusion Occupational stress has significant effect on job burnout among nurses.%目的 探讨护士工作倦怠与职业紧张的关系,改善护士身心健康,提高其生命质量.方法 随机抽取辽宁省6所综合医院工作时间>6个月的515名女性护士进行问卷调查,应用工作倦怠问卷(MBI)测量护士的工作倦怠,应用工作内容问卷(JCQ)、付出-回报失衡问卷(ERI)测量护士的职业紧张.结果 护士工作倦怠的平均得分:情感衰竭( 13.45±7.18),分,消极怠慢(7.21±5.27)分,个人成就感(26.04±10.19)分;单因素分析结果显示,年龄≤30岁、单身、护士

  1. 浅析护理人员的职业压力及应对措施%Occupation pressure and Countermeasures of nursing staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军宁

    2013-01-01

    As a high risk, high strength special professional mental labour, overload for a long time in the medical work of the first line of the clinical nursing staff pressure is very big. The pressure of nursing staff not only affects the work efficiency, but also has a great influence on the doctor-patient relationship will, so should be highly valued. The paper analyses the nurses' occupational stress and countermeasures.%作为高风险、高强度脑力劳动的特殊职业,长期超负荷工作在医疗工作第一线的临床护理人员的压力是非常大的。护理人员的压力不仅会影响工作效率,而且对医患之间的关系也会有很大影响,所以应引起高度重视。本文就此浅析一下护理人员的职业压力及应对措施。

  2. Comparison of technology-based cooperative learning with technology-based individual learning in enhancing fundamental nursing proficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Zu-Chun

    2013-05-01

    The aim of nursing education is to prepare students with critical thinking, high interests in profession and high proficiency in patient care. Cooperative learning promotes team work and encourages knowledge building upon discussion. It has been viewed as one of the most powerful learning methods. Technology has been considered an influential tool in teaching and learning. It assists students in gathering more information to solve the problems and master skills better. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of technology-based cooperative learning with technology-based individual learning in nursing students' critical thinking in catheterization knowledge gaining, error discovering, skill acquisitions, and overall scores. This study used a pretest-posttest experimental design. Ninety-eight students were assigned randomly to one of two groups. Questionnaires and tests were collected at baseline and after completion of intervention. The results of this study showed that there was no significant difference in related catheterization skill performance. However, the remaining variables differed greatly between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS AND APPLICATIONS: This study's findings guide the researchers and instructors to use technology-based cooperative learning more appropriately. Future research should address the design of the course module and the availability of mobile devices to reach student-centered and learn on the move goals. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Technological Feasibility of a Nursing Clinical Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeddi, Fatemeh Rangraz; Hajbaghery, Mohsen Adib; Akbari, Hossein; Esmaili, Soheila

    2016-01-01

    Introduction A successful implementation of an information system is impossible without sufficient knowledge of available technical resources of an institute. The aim of this study was to determine technical feasibility of a nursing clinical information system (NCIS) in Mazandaran province, Iran, 2015. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in three steps. In the first step, a data gathering tool was developed through an unsystematic literature review. In the second step, a questionnaire was developed and validity of the tool was confirmed by receiving opinions of faculty members and calculating indices of Content Validity Index (CVI) and Content Validity Ratio (CVR). The questionnaire reliability was confirmed by calculating Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (α= 0.72). In the third step, the feasibility of implementation of NCIS was evaluated by forming a panel of IT experts (n= 30), and through a questionnaire. Data were collected by 5-point Likert scale, very low to very high (scoring 1–5). Scores of each item were calculated and score percentage was determined. Chi-square and Fisher Exact tests were used. Results Maximum possibility of implementing NCIS were in the hardware area, additional equipment (92.6%), in the area of software, financial software (99.4%), in the area of network equipment, the possibility of integration with other internal systems, (92.6%) and in the area of network security, the possibility of backup version for security purposes (97.4%). Type of employment was statistically significant according to IT experts’ opinions (p= 0.014) Conclusion Hardware and software infrastructures for implementation of NCIS were desirable. The provision of more portable computers, advanced equipment such as barcode scanner, Radio-frequency identification (RFID), some approaches for increase accessibility of the system and essential databases from other resources and also increase of network lines’ speed are necessary. PMID:27790348

  4. Telecommuting: Occupational health considerations for employee health and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, M L

    2000-06-01

    1. Information technology has moved "work" out of a centralized location. Employees who telecommute pose significant challenges and considerations for the practice of occupational health nursing. 2. Employer and employee benefits associated with telecommuting are reportedly associated with high levels of job satisfaction. However, the occupational health and safety risks of this new work environment need to be fully assessed and understood. 3. The ergonomic controls to minimize the risk of repetitive motion injuries are the same for both office and home locations. Additional attention need to be paid to implementing risk controls for other physical hazards and psychosocial considerations, as well as personal safety and security issues. 4. The scope of occupational health nursing practice needs to remain dynamic, recognizing the impact new technologies have on the workplace, to continue to meet the needs of the changing workplace.

  5. [Construction of an educational technology for teaching about nursing on peripheral venipuncture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frota, Natasha Marques; Barros, Lívia Moreira; de Araújo, Thiago Moura; Caldini, Luana Nunes; do Nascimento, Jennara Cândido; Caetano, Joselany Afio

    2013-06-01

    The aim of the study was to describe the construction of a course on peripheral venipuncture using the Information and Communication Technologies. This is a methodological research, developed at the Federal University of Ceara from January to March 2012. The construction phases are: the analysis, design and development according to the theoretical framework of Galvis-Panqueva. In the analysis, objectives, content target audience, the study environment and technology infrastructure were delimited. During the design phase the environment interface and navigation structure of the course were evaluated. The development consisted in the materialization of all that was designed in the previous phase Once all three phases of construction of the course were conducted it was available in the Virtual Learning Environment SOLAR. The finalproduct of the course is presented as support of nursing students and consequently the training of future nurses in their care practice on peripheral venipuncture.

  6. What every nurse executive should know about staffing and scheduling technology initiatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    Staffing in hospitals has a history of being based in opinion and tradition, not evidence. In recent years, for many, staffing practices have spun out of control creating chaos in overtime, the use of incentives, entitlement behaviors, dissatisfaction and frustration among nurses, and has opened doors for such things as staffing ratio legislation. Unprecedented pressures around budgets and financial performance have no doubt compounded this situation. We are in a new day, where technology can help us more than ever in a move towards staffing excellence and staffing practices based on evidence. Highly successful implementations of new technologies are the result of good leadership. The effectiveness of staffing and scheduling has significant business, safety, and quality implications that sit at the heart of the nurse executive's role.

  7. Developing Q-methodology to explore staff views toward the use of technology in nurse education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit dit Dariel, Odessa; Wharrad, Heather; Windle, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Technology in education is moving quickly in terms of the hardware and software applications available, but also due to the expectations of an increasingly digitally competent student population. Academics have to rethink their pedagogy in relation to these changes. Nurse educators, in particular, must face the challenge of effectively integrating technology into what is essentially a hands-on, people-centred profession. To date, the factors most commonly cited as barriers to the adoption of e-learning by academics have focused on explicit and tangible ('hard') issues. Less frequently mentioned are the implicit and tacit ('soft') factors which are harder to identify. This article describes a pilot study using Q-methodology to explore the limitations of commonly used research methods in identifying how these hard and soft issues are prioritised by individuals, through the voices of nurse educators.

  8. Being in front of the patient. Nurse-patient interaction and use of technology in emergency services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeimy Yesenia Granados-Pembertty

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This study sought to describe how the use of technology intervenes in the nurse-patient relationship, from the nurse's point of view. Methodology. This was a qualitative research with tools from grounded theory. Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with nurses working in emergency services in three municipalities of Colombia. Results. Four categories emerged: 1 direct care, the maximum interaction or being in front of the patient; 2 fairly direct care; 3 indirect care, institutional management; and 4 minimum interaction; technology as facilitator of the interaction and awareness of the necessity for interaction. Conclusion. This study shows the irreplaceable nature of the nurse and the fundamental necessity of technology. The dual mediations of technology constitute a paradoxical matter that reveals the importance of placing it as a means; warning on the danger of converting it an end in and of itself.

  9. The ethics of using cybernetics and cyborg technologies: what every rehabilitation nurse should know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Linda Weaver; Rieg, Linda S

    2005-01-01

    Cybernetics and cyborg technologies are rapidly developing in the field of biotechnology. Such developments have yielded a wide variety of devices and prosthetics that have promoted the quality of life for many individuals with physical limitations and generally have been applauded by society and the rehabilitation field. However, such rapid developments have given rise to multiple ethical concerns. Understanding these ethical concerns and the implications they have for rehabilitation nurses is imperative. While the potential benefits of advances in technology are great for those with disabilities and chronic conditions, ethicists suggest that skepticism must be balanced with the zeal that often accompanies cutting-edge developments. As Hook notes, "We must show not a fear of technology, but a courageous control of technology, and refuse to let technology control us" (2002, p. 67).

  10. Developing a comprehensive electronic health record to enhance nursing care coordination, use of technology, and research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rantz, Marilyn J; Skubic, Marjorie; Alexander, Greg; Popescu, Mihail; Aud, Myra A; Wakefield, Bonnie J; Koopman, Richelle J; Miller, Steven J

    2010-01-01

    As in acute care, use of health information technology in long-term care holds promise for increased efficiency, better accuracy, reduced costs, and improved outcomes. A comprehensive electronic health record (EHR), which encompasses all health care measures that clinicians want to use-both standard health care assessments and those acquired through emerging technology-is the key to improved, efficient clinical decision making. New technologies using sensors to passively monitor older adults at home are being developed and are commercially available. However, integrating the clinical information systems with passive monitoring data so that clinical decision making is enhanced and patient records are complete is challenging. Researchers at the University of Missouri (MU) are developing a comprehensive EHR to: (a) enhance nursing care coordination at TigerPlace, independent senior housing that helps residents age in place; (b) integrate clinical data and data from new technology; and (c) advance technology and clinical research. Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.

  11. Patient safety and technology-driven medication e A qualitative study on how graduate nursing students navigate through complex medication administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Orbæk, Janne; Gaard, Mette; Fabricius, Pia

    2014-01-01

    ways of educating nursing students in today's medication administration. Aim: To explore nursing students' experiences and competences with the technology-driven medication administration process. Methods: 16 pre-graduate nursing students were included in two focus group interviews which were recorded...... for the technology-driven medication process, nursing students face difficulties in identifying and adopting best practices. The impact of using technology on the frequency, type and severity of medication errors; the technologies implications on nursing professionalism and the nurses ability to secure patient......Background: The technology-driven medication process is complex, involving advanced technologies, patient participation and increased safety measures. Medication administration errors are frequently reported, with nurses implicated in 26e38% of in-hospital cases. This points to the need for new...

  12. Teachers' perceptions of the role of nurses: caring for children who are technology-dependent in mainstream schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Fumie; Katsuda, Hitomi

    2015-01-01

    This study explored special education teachers' perceptions of the role of nurses who specialize in providing nursing care to children who are technology-dependent in mainstream schools. Semistructured interviews with 11 teachers were conducted, and data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. The teachers surveyed thought that the most important role of nurses was to maintain good health and safety, as well as to support children's education as members of the educational team. Teachers desired that nurses give advice based on their professional knowledge to maintain the children's good health and safety. In supporting education, nurses were required to support the children's autonomy and education, and to act as members of the educational team. Study findings suggest that, for an optimal relationship with teachers, nurses who provide nursing care for children who are technology-dependent in mainstream schools need not only fulfill medical functions, but also support the education of children as members of the educational team. © 2014 The Authors. Japan Journal of Nursing Science © 2014 Japan Academy of Nursing Science.

  13. Situated learning: The feasibility of an experimental learning of information technology for academic nursing students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayala Gonen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available As part of the Bachelor’s degree of nursing education, nursing students are exposed to the increasingly complex world of Information Technology. Aim: To evaluate the feasibility of a situated learning approach for Information Technology course by assessing students’ perceptions at the end of the course. Methods: Course participants completed a pre and post-course survey describing their knowledge and perceptions of the course. Results and discussion: Results demonstrated increased knowledge and satisfaction with this new learning strategy, which was also apparent in their good final course grades. Students had considerably more knowledge after the course (comparing to pre course survey, with a positive correlation between students’ perception of the usefulness of the course and their knowledge after completion of the course. Therefore, enhancing learning using a simulated learning curriculum may allow students to be more aware of the challenges that nurses face in actual practice, and may provide a more contextualized understanding of the issues relating to Information Technology.

  14. Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Occupational Choice: The Selection of a Nursing Career by Ex-Soviet Immigrant Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagy, Shifra; Liberman, Orly

    1997-01-01

    Data from 136 Soviet immigrants to Israel identified the sociocultural factors that influenced the choice of nursing as a career. Gender, socioeconomic status, and ethnic origin had less influence than parents, peers, and academic achievement. (JOW)

  15. On the Teaching of Occupation Mental Quality of Nurses in Nursing Psychology%谈护理心理学中护士职业心理素质的教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李力

    2012-01-01

    With social development,the mode of medical science is gradually transforming from biomedical science to the mode integrated with biology, psychology and society, so the current social need of nurses' comprehensive quality is higher, especially psychological quality.This paper discusses on how to stimulate students' love of nursing major in the teaching of occupation mental quality,as well as how to connect it with clinical practice, and how to guide students to independently cultivate their good occupation mental quality, so as help students make clear the modern images of nurses.%随着社会的进步,医学的模式逐步由生物医学模式转变为生物——心理——社会医学模式,现代社会对护士的整体素质尤其是职业心理素质提出了更高的要求。本文阐述了在护士职业心理素质教学中如何激发学生热爱护理专业,怎样联系临床实际,引导学生自觉地、有意识地培养自己良好职业心理素质的方法,即让学生明确护士角色人格的现代形象,以临床实例说明护士应有的职业心理素质等。

  16. Engaging millennial learners: Effectiveness of personal response system technology with nursing students in small and large classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revell, Susan M Hunter; McCurry, Mary K

    2010-05-01

    Nurse educators must explore innovative technologies that make the most of the characteristics and learning styles of millennial learners. These students are comfortable with technology and prefer interactive classrooms with individual feedback and peer collaboration. This study evaluated the perceived effectiveness of personal response system (PRS) technology in enhancing student learning in small and large classrooms. PRS technology was integrated into two undergraduate courses, nursing research (n = 33) and junior medical-surgical nursing (n = 116). Multiple-choice, true-false, NCLEX-RN alternate format, and reading quiz questions were incorporated within didactic PowerPoint presentations. Data analysis of Likert-type and open-response questions supported the use of PRS technology as an effective strategy for educating millennial learners in both small and large classrooms. PRS technology promotes active learning, increases participation, and provides students and faculty with immediate feedback that reflects comprehension of content and increases faculty-student interaction.

  17. Impact of software and hardware technologies on occupational health and safety policies in Saudi Arabian oil refineries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idreis, Hany M; Siqueira, Carlos E; Levenstein, Charles C

    2006-01-01

    This article seeks to examine the impact of technology importation on occupational health and safety in both Saudi Arabian and U.S. oil refining industries. Technologies imported to the Saudi oil industry take two forms: hardware (sophisticated equipment to run oil facilities) and software (policies and regulations pertaining to workers' health and safety, and employment rights installed by Aramco's founding multinational companies). This study utilizes qualitative, historically oriented, cross-national case studies to compare and assess workers' health, safety, and rights in Saudi Aramco with its U.S. counterpart, Motiva Enterprises. Two facilities were chosen to conduct field research: the Saudi Aramco oil refinery at Jeddah and Motiva's refinery at Port Arthur, Texas. The Jeddah refinery is fully owned by Saudi Aramco, thus, representing Aramco's health and safety policies and regulations. The Port Arthur refinery serves as a reference case study for U.S. oil refining facilities. The aspects of occupational health and safety in Saudi Aramco--ExxonMobil's joint ventures SAMREF and LUBREF--also are discussed to examine workers' health policies in both companies. The American oil industry made a significant contribution in establishing the Saudi oil industry, with the cooperation of the Saudi government. Despite having outstanding employment benefits schemes in Saudi Aramco, the presence of an organized work force better serves employee participation in Motiva than in Aramco. Safety systems such as Process Safety Management (PSM)--applied in Motiva--partially exist in Aramco to operate hardware technologies safely. Motiva training systems are better through PACE's Triangle of Prevention (TOP). Both companies follow the same pattern of handling occupational injuries and diseases; however, Saudi government agencies (GOSI) are responsible for compensating and treating injured workers. Saudi workers expressed conditional support for the worker committee program

  18. Influential factors of occupational stress in nurse in China%护士职业应激影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静平; 姚树桥; 张侠; 唐莹

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨护士工作年限、婚姻状态、职称、年龄、地区、文化程度、工作性质以及工作科室与护士职业应激的关系.方法 应用中国护士应激源量表(CNSS)对中国东部、中部及西部的3091名护士进行调查.结果 3091名护士全部女性,年龄18~55.06岁,平均年龄(30.13±1.98)岁;工作年限最长38.00年,平均(10.23±8.05)年.不同工作年限(F=9.472,P=0.000)、不同婚姻状态(F=4.598,P=0.010)、不同职称(F=3.667,P=0.012)、不同年龄(F=7.600,P=0.000)、不同地区(F=46.971,P=0.000)、不同工作性质(F=14.888,P=0.000)以及不同工作科室(F=3.876,P=0.000)的护士职业应激水平差异有显著性,不同文化程度(F=2.052,P=0.129)的护士职业应激差异无显著性;影响护士工作应激的主要变量依次为:工作年限、工作科室、职称、工作性质、婚姻、地域.结论 我国护士的职业应激受多方面因素的影响,正确评估护士职业应激的特点,不仅对广大护士的工作,而且对护理管理者有重要意义.%Objective To explore and to identify if relationship exit between factors (working years, marital status, titles, ages, regions, education background,work nature and work department) and occupational stress by anonymous nurses from three regions of China and to ascertain current demographics that might be useful in understanding such stress.Methods 3091 nurses working in different areas and different rank hospital in China were investigated by The Chinese Nurse Stressor Scale (CNSS). Results There were significant difference among different working years(F=9.472,P=0.000)),different marital status(F=4.598,P=0.010), different titles(F=3.667,P=0.012),different ages(F=7.600,P=0.000), different regions(F=46.971,P=0.000), different work nature (F=14.888,P=0.000) and different work department(F=3.876,P=0.000) respectively,there was no remarkable difference of different education background(F=2.052,P=0.129).Working years ,work department

  19. OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURES TO BODY FLUIDS AND BEHAVIORS REGARDING THEIR PREVENTION AND POST-EXPOSURE AMONG MEDICAL AND NURSING STUDENTS AT A BRAZILIAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Ribeiro Fagundes de Souza-Borges

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the frequencies and characteristics of occupational exposures among medical and nursing students at a Brazilian public university, in addition to their prevention and post-exposure behavior. During the second semester of 2010, a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was completed by 253/320 (79.1% medical students of the clinical course and 149/200 (74.5% nursing students who were already performing practical activities. Among medical students, 53 (20.9% suffered 73 injuries, which mainly occurred while performing extra-curricular activities (32.9%, with cutting and piercing objects (56.2%, in the emergency room (39.7%, and as a result of lack of technical preparation or distraction (54.8%. Among nursing students, 27 (18.1% suffered 37 injuries, which mainly occurred with hollow needles (67.6% in the operating room or wards (72.2%, and as a result of lack of technical preparation or distraction (62.1%. Among medical and nursing students, respectively, 96.4% and 48% were dissatisfied with the instructions on previously received exposure prevention; 48% and 18% did not always use personal protective equipment; 67.6% and 16.8% recapped used needles; 49.3% and 35.1% did not bother to find out the source patient's serological results post-exposure; and 1.4% and 18.9% officially reported injuries. In conclusion, this study found high frequencies of exposures among the assessed students, inadequate practices in prevention and post-exposure, and, consequently, the need for training in “standard precautions” to prevent such exposures.

  20. Occupational exposures to body fluids and behaviors regarding their prevention and post-exposure among medical and nursing students at a Brazilian public university.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza-Borges, Fernanda Ribeiro Fagundes de; Ribeiro, Larissa Araújo; Oliveira, Luiz Carlos Marques de

    2014-01-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the frequencies and characteristics of occupational exposures among medical and nursing students at a Brazilian public university, in addition to their prevention and post-exposure behavior. During the second semester of 2010, a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was completed by 253/320 (79.1%) medical students of the clinical course and 149/200 (74.5%) nursing students who were already performing practical activities. Among medical students, 53 (20.9%) suffered 73 injuries, which mainly occurred while performing extra-curricular activities (32.9%), with cutting and piercing objects (56.2%), in the emergency room (39.7%), and as a result of lack of technical preparation or distraction (54.8%). Among nursing students, 27 (18.1%) suffered 37 injuries, which mainly occurred with hollow needles (67.6%) in the operating room or wards (72.2%), and as a result of lack of technical preparation or distraction (62.1%). Among medical and nursing students, respectively, 96.4% and 48% were dissatisfied with the instructions on previously received exposure prevention; 48% and 18% did not always use personal protective equipment; 67.6% and 16.8% recapped used needles; 49.3% and 35.1% did not bother to find out the source patient's serological results post-exposure; and 1.4% and 18.9% officially reported injuries. In conclusion, this study found high frequencies of exposures among the assessed students, inadequate practices in prevention and post-exposure, and, consequently, the need for training in "standard precautions" to prevent such exposures.

  1. [Educational curriculum and occupational status of nurses and midwives after second level degree (MNsc) at Catholic University of Rome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galletti, Caterina; Tedino, Giuseppe; Morchio, Maria Grazia; Derossi, Anna Maria; Rega, Maria Luisa; Marmo, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    Our society requires health professionals of increasingly competence, able to modulate their skills according to the needs and the requirements of the context. This survey (cross - sectional) has as primary aim to collect information on employment status of individuals who have a Master degree in Nursing and Midwifery, and as secondary objective to describe if and how the post graduation education has affected the quality and the outcomes of nursing work. A questionnaire devised for the purpose has been used. The survey was conducted from May to August 2011 on all individuals who have a Master in Nursing and Midwifery at the UCSC (from 2004-2005 to 2009-2010). Results show that in 44 cases out of 111 (= 40%) there was a change of employment status after obtaining the Master's Degree and of these 68% (30 out of 44) state that the change is definitely linked to the Post graduation education. All respondents state that the University curriculum has certainly helped to modify some professional behaviors: research utilization (93%), skills in problem solving at work (68%); greater ease to communicate the reasons underlying their organizational choices or decision making (70%); self-training abilities (63%). Within the Italian context, however it seems that those individuals are involved in a managerial progression of their career rather than in the core nursing activities despite the fact that educational programs have important subjects for Advanced Nursing Practice and Nursing Science.

  2. State of the Art of the Research on Occupational Health Conducted at the Psychology and Nursing Schools of Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia between 1983 and 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cindy J. Chaparro P

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the state of the art of the research on occupational health conducted at the schools of nursing and psychology of Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia (uptc – pedagogical andtechnological university of colombia between 1983 - 2010. Methodology: A non-experimental study with a quantitative approach and the document analysis technique. The population universe was formed by 497 units of analysis. The sample was selected through sampling by logical criteria. The sample consisted of 71 units of analysis, where 51 corresponded to occupational hazards, 14 to occupational health, and 6 to health education. Data collection was performed by means of a grid composed of two categories, namely: formal aspects and theoretical aspects. Results: The results show that 56% of the research is on nursing and 44% on psychology. The year with the greatest amount of academic production was 2007 for both schools, with a total of 15 dissertations, 7 for nursing, and 8 for psychology. Amongst the most studied risk factors is psychosocial risk; the most quoted author was Gloria Villalobos. Conclusions: Each discipline approaches and addresses the research questions from its own field of knowledge. In nursing, the main focus is the study of occupational health education, and physical and chemical risk factors. In psychology, on the other hand, the focus is rather on psychosocial risk factors, stress, mental load, and job satisfaction.

  3. Analysis and countermeasures on influencing factor of male nursing students in occupation%护理学专业男生从业影响因素分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠娥; 刘力戈; 魏文革

    2013-01-01

    通过对国内近7年有关护理学专业男生从业文献的回顾,从个人因素、学校因素、社会因素、性别因素等分析了影响男生从业的因素,总结了稳定护理学专业男生的专业思想、减少男生的流失、发挥男生在护理岗位作用的几项措施,以稳定男护士队伍.%By reviewing papers about male nursing students and men nurse' occupation,we analyzed the influencing factors including personality,schools,social factors and summarized ideas of reinforcing male nursing students specialty.The ultimate goals are stabilizing quantity amount of men nurse and making them play an important role in future nursing position.

  4. The influence of occupational stress on the quality of life in psychiatric nurses%精神病专科护士职业紧张对生命质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红云; 张红梅; 梁炜; 孙素珍

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of occupational stress on the quality of life of nurses in mental hospital. Methods A total of 191 psychiatric nur-ses were investigated with Occupational Stress Inventory Revised Edition(OSI-R) and 36-item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36). The relationship between occupational stress and the quality of working life was analyzed. Results The score of occupational stress were significantly different between male and female nurses. There were significant differences in the scores of quality of life among nurses with different age and professional title (P<0.01). The score of quahy of life was negatively correlated to the factor scores of occupational task strain and personal response,while postitively correlated to the factor score of personal re-sources (P<0.01). Conclusions The male and female nurses showe different degree of occupational stress. The quality of life is also different among nurses with different age and profession titles. Different factors of occupational stress have different influcene on the quality of life in psychiatric nurses.%目的 探讨精神科护士职业紧张对生命质量的影响.方法 采用Osipow氏职业紧张量表和健康调查量表评定191名精神科护士职业紧张和生命质量,并分析两者间的关系.结果 男、女护士职业紧张差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01);不同年龄、不同职称护士生命质量得分差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01);生命质量与职业任务紧张、个体紧张反应呈显著负相关,与个体应对资源呈显著正相关(P<0.01).结论 精神科男女护士职业紧张不同,不同人群职业生命质量不同,不同职业紧张源对生命质量存在不同的影响.

  5. 实习护士职业暴露调查分析及对策%Investigation of occupational exposures of probationer nurses and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢爱金; 应莲琴; 陈光; 陈彩云

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand the risk factors for occupational exposures and the protective knowledge of the probationer nurses and formulate the protection measures for occupational exposures so as to improve the protection awareness and the occupational safety of the probationer nurses. METHODS A total of 125 probationer nurses in the hospital were surveyed with self-designed questionnaire. RESULTS Of 125 probationer nurses investigated, the total exposure rate was 45. 60%, and 18. 40% of the total exposures occurred during the third and forth month of practice session. The patients exposed to the blood accounted for 42. 11%, while the patients exposed to unknown source exposure accounted for 22. 81%. The onsite correct treatment rate, the report rate in accordance with procedures, and implementation rate of prevention measures were respectively 35. 09% , 26. 32% , and 35. 09% for the identified blood-borne source, while they were 15. 79% , 0 and 0 for the unknown blood-borne sources, and were 14. 04%, 0 and 0 for the patients without being exposed to blood-borne sources. The incidence of the occupational exposure was higher in the patients with blood-borne infection sources than both the patients without blood-borne infection sources and the patients with unknown blood-borne infection sources, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). CONCLUSION Only by enhancing the supervision of probationer nurses in the practice phase and quality of the teachers , strengthening the education of occupational exposure protection, standardizing operating procedures, improving the protective consciousness of occupational exposure protection of the teachers and students can we effectively reduce or avoid the hazards of the occupational exposures of the probationer nurses.%目的 了解实习护士职业暴露、危险因素及防护知识的掌握,制定职业暴露的防护措施,提高实习护士的防护意识和职业安全性.方法

  6. Using clinical databases in tertiary nurse education: an innovative application of computer technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheek, J; Gillham, D; Mills, P

    1998-02-01

    This paper provides an initial report of an educational innovation in nursing that promotes exchange of information and close cooperation between hospitals and a university. Data from a computerized nursing care planning system are used as the basis for the design of the acute care clinical component of the nursing curriculum. The project has been developed with the aim of minimizing the theory-practice gap and making the transition from university to hospital an easier process for students and new graduates. From the very early stages of the project, it was recognized that the introduction of new computer-based innovations or educational technology, in itself, would not necessarily improve teaching and learning. Therefore, strong emphasis was placed on how the database would be used as the basis for sound curriculum development while maintaining the clinical and practical focus required by students. Difficulties associated with the project, ranging from lengthy legal negotiations to the challenge of integrating a curriculum strongly based on critical reflection and problem-solving with a highly prescriptive hospital database are reported. The project not only provides an example of the efficient exchange and use of hospital-based data for teaching purposes but also provides the groundwork for many potential and exciting developments in national and international nursing data exchange.

  7. SYSTEMATIZATION OF NURSING ASSISTANCE: THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND CHALLENGES IN THE QUALITY OF ASSISTANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Felipe Pissaia

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available It is intended to understand the perceptions of nurses about the computerization of the Nursing Care Systematization in a general clinical hospitalization unit of a hospital in Vale do Taquari / Rio Grande do Sul / Brazil. This is a field research, descriptive and exploratory, with a qualitative approach, performed with six nurses working in a unit of general clinical hospitalization. The data were collected through interviews during the month of February 2016 and analyzed through the Thematic Content Analysis. The results evidenced potentialities and weaknesses resulting from the process of implementation of computerized SAE in a hospital clinical hospitalization unit. The main benefits derived from the adhesion of computerization in the SAE process were related to the increase of the quality of the care offered in the institution, security in the patient records and facilities in the processes of communication between the multiprofessional team. Already, the main difficulties in the processes of adhesion and implantation of SAE with the help of information technology were related to the discomforts due to the new practical and scientific demands that the teams develop during their assistance, since, the professionals sometimes perceive this new process As exhausting and unnecessary. The computerization of the SAE in health institutions still constitutes a challenge to be overcome and adopted to the daily routine of nurses, mainly regarding the motivation of their teams aiming at their adherence.

  8. 护士述情障碍与其职业压力的相关性分析%A study on correlation between alexithymia and occupational stress in nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴爱芬; 杨飞; 童小利; 蒋赛赛

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解护士述情障碍和职业压力的现状,明确两者之间的相关性。方法:采用一般资料问卷、多伦多述情障碍量表和护士职业压力问卷对温岭市某医院255名护士进行调查。结果:①护士述情障碍总分为(52.35±8.24)分;职业压力总分为(26.32±4.63)分,均处于较高水平;②Pearson相关分析显示,护士述情障碍各因子得分与职业压力各方面得分均呈显著正相关(P<0.05);③分层回归分析显示,护士识别情感障碍、描述情感障碍及外向性思维均为影响护士职业压力的重要因素。结论:护理管理者可通过改善护士述情障碍水平来减轻护士职业压力。%Objective: To explore the correlation between alexithymia and occupational stress in nurses. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted on 255 nurses.The general information questionnaire, Toronto alexithymia scale and the nurse occupation stress questionnaire were used to collect dada. Results:①The total scores of alexithymia and nurse occupational stress were 52.35±8.24 and 26.32±4.63 respectly.②Pearson correlation showed that the score of each dimension of alexithymia was positively correlated with the score of each dimension of nurse occupational stress (P<0.05).③Hierarchical regression analysis revealed affective disorder of recognition, affective disorder of description and extroverted thinking were contributing factors of nurse occupational stress. Conclusion: Nursing administrators could reduce nurse occupational stress by improving alexithymia level.

  9. #Learning: The use of back channel technology in multi-campus nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Karen; Birks, Melanie; Woods, Cindy; Hitchins, Marnie

    2015-09-01

    This paper reports on the results of a study into the use of microblogging technology (TodaysMeet) in large, multi-site lectures in a nursing program. The aim of this study was to investigate students' use of the technology and their perceptions of its value in stimulating engagement in a complex learning environment. The study demonstrated that students like the anonymity that the technology provided, allowing them to ask questions without fear of appearing less competent than their peers. Many of the respondents commented positively on the opportunity to engage with students and the lecturer at other campuses. While some students appreciated the opportunity to interact and have feedback from peers, others saw this as a negative aspect of the technology. This study suggests that, used appropriately, microblogging can be incorporated into large lectures to promote student participation and engagement and ultimately enhance the learning process.

  10. IAQ control in nursing homes using integrated desiccant technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, B.M. [Engelhard ICC, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Miyauchi, Hikoo [Nichimen Engine Sales, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-07-01

    The demographics of the Japanese population indicate a need to provide a greater degree of elderly care, largely due to the long life expectancy of the Japanese people. It is explained that in response to this need Japan has embarked upon a dramatic programme to construct 5000 facilities by the year 2001. Air conditioning requirements of the elderly are somewhat different than those for other facilities and present an opportunity for the use of specialized equipment that will satisfy those requirements. A new facility care unit for the elderly has been built in Nagano, Japan and will start operation at the end of 1996. A new desiccant air conditioning unit designed for this facility is described. It combines humidity control of a desiccant sub-system and the thermal control of a conventional chiller in a single air-handling system. Regeneration of the desiccant is realized by a propane boiler at 88C, which also supplies heat in winter. It is emphasized that this new and exciting approach to air conditioning will change the expectations of society about indoor air quality and comfort control, which have been governed by the use of conventional equipment only, together with its inherent limitations. Other potential applications of desiccant technology are in supermarkets, industrial spaces, Pachinko halls, etc.

  11. Analysis of the current situation of occupational stress of 76 nurses in the emergency department%急诊科护士76名职业紧张现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷少华

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨急诊科护士职业紧张现状.方法:采用修订版职业紧张量表(OSI-R)对76名急诊科护士进行调查研究.结果:急诊科护士普遍存在职业紧张现象,不同年龄、学历、职称、工作年限急诊护士的职业紧张情况比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01).结论:各医疗机构应尽量减少职业紧张危害因素,减轻急诊护士职业紧张反应,以维护其心身健康.%Objective: To discuss the current situation of occupational stress of the nurses in the emergency department. Methods: The revised edition of occupational stress scale ( OSI - R ) was used to conduct a survey on 76 nurses working in the e-mergency department. Results: Most of the nurses in the emergency department have occupational stress, the difference of occupational stress was statistically significant in the nurses at different ages and with different educational background, job title and seniority(P <0. 05, P <0. 01 ). Conclusion: The harmful factors to cause the occupational stress must be minimized so as to ease the nurses tension and maintain their physical and mental health.

  12. National Nursing Home Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Nursing Home Survey provides includes characteristics such as size of nursing home facilities, ownership, Medicare/Medicaid certification, occupancy rate, number of days of care provided, and expenses.

  13. Occupational hazard and self protective measures of nurses in primary hospital%基层医院护士职业危害与自身防护措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王作晶

    2015-01-01

    目的:总结基层医院护士职业的危险因素,做好护士身心自我防护措施,促进工作质量持续稳定发展。方法:统计分析2014年1-12月护士出现的一些生理、心理危害,学习改进效果以及防护措施。结果:23名护士受到损害的种类包括物理性、化学性、医源性、暴力、心理性损害,通过改进后护士心理压力降低,工作积极性提高,职业感染率降低。结论:护士的职业有着一些特殊性,一些不利因素严重影响护士的身心健康,在领导、社会各阶层关心努力下,为护士创造有利的工作环境,组织参加学习职业危害防护学习班,有效地提高护士的自身防护意识,减少职业危害。%Objective:To summarize the occupational risk factors of nurses in primary hospital,to do the physical and mental self protective measures of nurses,to promote the sustainable and stable development of the work quality.Methods:Some physical and psychological hazard,learning improvement effect and protective measures of nurses from January to December 2014 were statistically analyzed.Results:23 nurses suffered damage types including physical,chemical,iatrogenic,violence,mental damage,the psychological pressure of nurses was reduced through the improvement,the working enthusiasm was improved,the occupational infection rate was reduced.Conclusion:The nurse's occupation has some particularity,some adverse factors seriously affect the physical and mental health of nurses.Under the concerns and efforts of leadership, social groups,we create a favorable working environment for nurses to participate in organizational learning occupation hazard protection class,the self protective consciousness of nurses are effectively improved,the occupation hazard is reduced.

  14. Assessing the impact of previous experience, and attitudes towards technology, on levels of engagement in a virtual reality based occupational therapy intervention for spinal cord injury rehabilitation

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McCaughey, Manus Dr.

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the current research project was to determine if there were significant differences between patients with higher or lower levels of experience with technology in terms of their level of engagement with virtual reality (VR) in occupational therapy, their future uptake of VR technology in therapy, and their attitudes towards technology. Patients’ experience of technology was also examined in relation to demographic characteristics such as age and education level.\\r\

  15. Incidência de LER/DORT em trabalhadores de enfermagem - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v30i1.4383 Incidence of occupational disorders in nursing workers - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v30i1.4383

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taisa Vedoato

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available As LER/DORT estão relacionadas às mudanças em curso na organização do trabalho e às inovações tecnológicas resultantes da reestruturação produtiva. O trabalho de enfermagem, por suas características, acaba por provocar lesões físicas relacionadas ao trabalho, muitas vezes irreversíveis. Este estudo analisa a produção científica sobre a LER/DORT em trabalhadores de enfermagem. A amostra foi composta por 14 artigos que abordavam as LER/DORT na saúde do profissional de enfermagem indexados nas bases de dados Medline, Scielo e Lilacs, no período de 1996 a 2006, publicados em periódicos nacionais e internacionais. Conclui-se que maior atenção deve ser direcionada às posturas adotadas pelos trabalhadores na execução das atividades laborais, além de mobiliários adequados às execuções das tarefas, bem como se faz necessário disponibilizar instrumentos e equipamentos ergonomicamente idealizados, visando a redução da incidência das doenças relacionadas ao trabalho.Incidence of occupational disorders in nursing workers. Occupational disorders are connected to changes in work organization and to technological innovations caused by a restructuring of the production process. The Nursing profession, by nature, can lead to work-related physical lesions, some of which can be irreversible. This study analyzes scientific literature on the subject of occupational disorders in nursing professionals. The sample was composed of 14 articles that discuss the effects of these disorders on the health of nursing professionals. It aims to detect the main problems associated with nursing according to the Medline, Scielo and Lilacs databases, from 1996 to 2006, published in national and international annals. Evidence has demonstrated that attention must be paid to the nurses’ posture while they work, as well as to provide adequate furniture; additionally, it is necessary to ergonomically appropriate instruments and equipment, in order to

  16. Applications of VoiceThread(©) Technology in Graduate Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Mary K; Kverno, Karan S; Belcher, Anne E; Ledebur, Lindsay R; Gerson, Linda D

    2016-11-01

    Online graduate courses provide opportunities for faculty to use technology and digital applications to enhance student learning and learning environments. In nursing education, as we become increasingly dependent on technology, it is important to ensure that both faculty and students add digital literacy to their repertoire of knowledge and skills. VoiceThread(©), one type of Web-based digital application tool, allows students and faculty to verbally communicate and collaborate asynchronously. This article discusses the use of VoiceThread technology in graduate nursing education and offers four examples of VoiceThread teaching methods: personal introductions, issues discussions, case presentations, and the elevator speech. Student participation in VoiceThread assignments is evaluated using leveled rubrics. A poll of the students in one of the graduate courses showed high overall satisfaction with VoiceThread in the online classroom. Strategies for effective use of VoiceThread technology to enhance student engagement and learning are recommended. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(11):655-658.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  17. Student Assessment System. Student Performance Record. Task Detailing. Allied Health Occupations/Practical Nursing. Georgia Vocational Education Program Articulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This booklet lists tasks and functions the health occupations student should be able to do upon entering an employment situation or a postsecondary school. (Listings are also available for the areas of cosmetology and transportation/automotive mechanics.) Tasks are coded to correspond to those on the Student Performance Record, which details a…

  18. Robotics, assistive technology, and occupational therapy management to improve upper limb function in pediatric neuromuscular diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Tariq; Basante, Joseph; Alexander, Michael

    2012-08-01

    This article presents an overview of occupational therapy assessments and treatment options for individuals with neuromuscular disabilities, with a particular focus on children with neuromuscular disorders. The discussion includes descriptions of standard treatments, commercial adaptive equipment, and homemade adaptive solutions. The state of the art in therapeutic and assistive robots and orthoses for the upper and lower extremity is also provided. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  19. Status Quo and Countermeasures of Occupational Exposure of Clinical Nurses in Level Management%层级管理临床护士职业暴露现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贤翠荣

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨不同层级临床护士在工作中发生职业暴露的现状,并提出有效的防护措施。方法收集148例临床护士发生职业暴露的上报情况,进行统计分析。结果护士发生职业暴露以针刺伤为主,N0/N1层级的护士是发生职业暴露的高发人群,且违反操作规程导致针刺伤占22.3%,急、危、重、手术科室是发生职业暴露的高发区域。结论对护士职业暴露进行分层级培训及规范化管理,工作中要落实安全注射、规范护理操作,科学合理排班,以减少针刺伤、降低职业暴露风险。%Objective To explore the current situation of occupational exposure in different levels of clinical nurses, and to put forward effective measures for prevention and treatment of occupational exposure.Methods 148 cases of clinical nurses’ occupational exposure were collected, and the statistical analysis was conducted.Results Nurse occupational exposure to needle stick injuries. N0/N1 level of nurses is high risk of occupational exposure, and of violating the operating rules lead to needle stick injuries accounted for 22.3%, acute and dangerous, heavy, surgical departments is a high incidence area of occupational exposure.Conclusion The occupational exposure of nurses of multi-level training and standardized management, work to implement the safe injection, standardize the nursing operation, scientific and reasonable scheduling, to reduce needle stick injuries, to reduce the risk of occupational exposure.

  20. [Occupational skin diseases in medical personnel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Occupational skin diseases develop mostly in certain occupational groups at risk. The authors studied features of occupational skin diseases in medical personnel examined over 2003-2007. During this time, occupational skin disease was diagnosed in 118 individuals out of which 24 (20.3%) were medical staffers. All 24 examinees suffered from occupational allergic skin conditions. Most common causes of these were medicines, latex, desinfectants. Nurses are most prone to skin conditions (91.67%). Special risk group covers surgeons, psychiatrists and dentists. As medical staffers are occupational risk group for occupational skin conditions, diagnosed allergic dermatoses in them should be considered as having possible occupational occupational origin.

  1. The occupational exposure of dermatology nurses to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - evaluating the effectiveness of better skin protection.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheepers, P.T.J.; Houtum, J.L.M. van; Anzion, R.B.M.; Champmartin, C.; Hertsenberg, S.; Bos, R.P.; Valk, P. van der

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We studied the uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in nurses who apply ointments containing coal tar to patients and investigated the effectiveness of skin protection methods. METHODS: We determined gas-phase PAH on XAD-2 and particle-associated PAH on filters. We also used

  2. Profile of scientific and technological production in nursing education research groups in the south of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lino, Mônica Motta; Backes, Vânia Marli Schubert; Canever, Bruna Pedroso; Ferraz, Fabiane; Prado, Marta Lenise

    2010-01-01

    This research aimed to present the profile of production of Nursing Education Research Groups (NERG) scientific and technological production in the South of Brazil. This documentary, quantitative, exploratory-descriptive retrospective research was guided by the active search for products in the Lattes curriculum of previously selected NERG researchers, based on the 2006 Census of the Research Group Directory/CNPq, between 1995 and 2008. The results indicated that the 18 NERG from southern Brazil produced 453 papers in proceedings, 371 book chapters, 206 books, 1,437 scientific articles and 08 technological products, but no patent was registered. NERGs scientific production in the research region has grown progressively over the past 14 years. To strengthen this structure, the establishment of collaborative networks can be used as a strategy, so that political-scientific joint actions in the sector can advance science and technology.

  3. Social representations of nurses about professional autonomy and the use of technologies in the care of patients with wounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érick Igor dos Santos

    Full Text Available Objective.To identify the social representations by nurses about professional autonomy in the care of patients with wounds and analyze their interfaces with the constant incorporation of technologies in this care. Methods. This is a qualitative research, outlined from the Theory and method of social representations in its procedural approach and performed with 31 nurses. The interviews were submitted to thematic content analysis software NVivo instrumentalized by 10. Results. The representational content on autonomy is linked mainly to the level of knowledge, power of decision, vocational training and institutional factors. The subjects are positioned favorably to the incorporation of care technologies in professional practice, which involves elements such as cost-effective structure, training, and other resources. Conclusion. It is concluded that autonomy is configured as a prerequisite for the full use of technology and technology is configured as a facilitator for nurses to become more autonomous

  4. Quality of life of nursing-home residents with dementia subject to surveillance technology versus physical restraints: an explorative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boekhorst, S. te; Depla, M.F.I.A.; Francke, A.L.; Twisk, J.W.R.; Zwijsen, S.A.; Hertogh, C.M.P.M.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: As physical restraints should only be used in exceptional cases, there is an urgent need for alternatives to restraint use. Surveillance technology could be such an alternative. This study explored whether nursing-home residents with dementia subjected to surveillance technology had

  5. 沈阳市重症监护病房护士职业暴露现状的调查及对策%Investigation on occupational exposures of intensive care unit nurses in Shenyang City and its′countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔瑞华; 苏兰若

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查沈阳市重症监护病房护士职业暴露发生的现状,提出有针对性的管理对策与措施,为有效降低重症监护病房护士职业暴露的发生提供理论依据。方法自行设计问卷对沈阳市5所三级甲等医院211名重症监护病房护士职业暴露发生情况进行调查与分析。结果重症监护病房护士是护士群体中发生职业暴露的重点人群,职业暴露发生情况整体得分(31.42±10.12)分,发生情况以人体工效学、心理社会和组织因素(如频繁的倒班、不适当的搬运患者等)得分最高(13.08±3.54)分,其次是物理性职业暴露得分(6.44±2.05)分、生物性职业暴露得分(4.55±2.22)分、化学性职业暴露得分(4.39±1.21)分、事故性职业暴露得分(4.25±1.03)分。结论各级卫生行政部门及护理管理者应高度重视重症监护病房护士职业暴露的发生情况,坚持以人为本的管理理念,增加护士人力,加大防护设施的投入,强化护士职业防护的培训及监管,促进护理行为的改变,控制和减少重症监护病房护士职业暴露的发生。%Objective To investigate the present situation of occupational exposures of intensive care unit (ICU)nurses in Shenyang City,and put forward countermeasures to provide a theoretical basis for lowering the ICU nurse occupational exposures.Method Total 21 1 ICU nurses from 5 third grade class-A hospitals in Shenyang were investigated on the occupational exposures using a self-made questionaire. Result The average total score of the occupational exposure incidence was (31.42±10.12),with the highest(13.08 ± 3.54)average incidence of ergonomics, psychological and organizational factors (such as the frequent shifts and improper handling of patients),physical occupational exposure (6.44 ± 2.05 ), chemical occupational exposure and accidental exposure.Conclusion The health administrative departments at all levels and nursing managers

  6. Technology into practice: young people's, parents' and nurses' perceptions of WISECARE+.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Faith; Miller, Morven; Kearney, Nora

    2007-12-01

    Technology is a central aspect of young people's lives, with the internet and mobile phone technology providing the preferred means of communication. This pilot explored perceptions and experiences of young people, parents and healthcare professionals on the role of technology in monitoring and managing chemotherapy-related toxicity. To introduce the WISECARE+ process for recording and communicating symptoms following chemotherapy to a teenage patient population and evaluate its usefulness with patients, parents and nursing staff. A convenience sample of 11 young people (aged 13 to 20 years) with a haematological or solid tumour undergoing primary treatment, were recruited from two UK regional paediatric oncology centres. The young people completed a daily symptom questionnaire for 14 consecutive days following a course of chemotherapy. They evaluated the presence or absence of symptoms of nausea, vomiting, fatigue and oral problems, their severity and how much the symptom bothered them. Perception questionnaires were completed by the 11 young people, four parents and eight nurses at the end of the 14 days. Young people and parents found the symptom questionnaire simple to understand, easy to complete and they liked the paper format. The nurses' confidence with IT varied but all felt that it could be useful in their clinical practice. These young people appeared to gain from their participation in the project, especially in relation to completing the questionnaire as they were able to see a change in symptoms over time that was encouraging, particularly in situations where the young person had been quite ill. This work is continuing with formats such as a handheld computer or mobile phone being considered to collect symptom information. Additional factors such as reading levels and dyslexia are also being considered.

  7. 护士积极率与职业倦怠及离职意愿的关系%Relationship between positivity rate, occupational burnout and turnover intention in nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵银燕; 骆宏

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between positivity rario, occupational burnout and turnover intention in nurses. Methods A total of 1500 nurses were selected by convenience sampling method for the survey. The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) , Maslach Burnout Inventory(MBI) and the scale of Turnover Intention were used in the sur-vey and the relationship among positivity ratio, occupational burnout and turnover intention was analyzed. Results Positivity ra-tio was positively correlated with occupational burnout and turnover intention among nurses. Occupational burnout had partialy mediating effects on positivity ratio and turnover intention. Conclusion We suggested that the occupational burnout and turnover intention may be intervened by increasing the positivity ratio of nurses.%目的:探讨护士积极率与职业倦怠及离职意愿的关系。方法采用方便抽样运用正性情绪和负情绪量表(PANAS),护士职业倦怠问卷( maslach burncut inventory, MBI)及离职意愿量表对1500名护士进行问卷调查,探讨3者之间的作用关系。结果护士积极率与职业倦怠及离职意愿均显著相关,护士职业倦怠在积极率与离职意愿之间起到部分中介作用。结论建议通过提升护士积极率的干预方法降低护士的职业倦怠、离职意愿。

  8. Occupational health hazards of pregnant nurses in emergency department and protective measures%急诊科孕期护士职业健康危害因素与防护对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓燕; 吴红敏

    2013-01-01

    The emergency department is the main place to rescue the critical patients and deal with the emergencies, which is the high-risk department. Due to the complexity and specificity of working environment and service object, the pregnant nurses in emergency department face on the work with the characteristic of fast rhythm and high labor intensity, and are threatened by different occupational health hazards. If the pregnant nurses do not pay attention to personal protection or carry out the undeserved protection, it will cause different occupational injuries. In order to ensure the health of pregnant nurses in emergency department, the authors review and analyze the occupational health hazards that pregnant nurses contact with in emergency department, so as to improve their occupational protection consciousness and reduce the occupational hazards.%急诊科是抢救急危重症患者及处理各种突发事件的主要场所,属于高风险科室.由于工作环境及服务对象的复杂与特殊性,急诊科的孕期护士不得不承担节奏快、任务重、劳动强度大的工作,而且在工作中还会受到多种职业危害的威胁,若不注意个人防护和防护不当,会造成各种不同的职业性损伤.为保障急诊科孕期护士的身体健康,作者对急诊科孕期护士接触的多种职业危害因素进行综述分析,以增强其职业防护意识,减少职业危害的发生.

  9. Post-basic nursing students' access to and attitudes toward the use of information technology in practice: a descriptive analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkosi, Z Z; Asah, F; Pillay, P

    2011-10-01

    Nurses are exposed to the changing demands in technology as they execute their patient-related duties in the workplace. Integration of Information Technology (IT) in healthcare systems improves the quality of care provided. Nursing students with prior exposure to computers tend to have a positive influence IT. A descriptive study design using a quantitative approach and structured questionnaire was used to measure the nurses' attitudes towards computer usage. A census of 45 post-basic first year nursing management students were participated in this study. The students demonstrated a positive attitude towards the use of a computer. But access to and use of a computer and IT was limited and nurses in clinics had no access to IT. A lack of computer skills was identified as a factor that hinders access to IT. Nursing students agreed that computer literacy should be included in the curriculum to allow them to become independent computer users. The Department of Health should have IT in all health-care facilities and also train all health-care workers to use IT. With the positive attitudes expressed by the students, nurse managers need to create a conducive environment to ensure such a positive attitude continues to excel. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  10. Simulation and rubrics: technology and grading student performance in nurse anesthesia education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overstreet, Maria; McCarver, Lewis; Shields, John; Patterson, Jordan

    2015-06-01

    The use of simulation technology has introduced a challenge for simulation nurse educators: evaluation of student performance. The subjectivity of student performance evaluation has been in need of improvement. It is imperative to provide clear and consistent information to the learner of expectations for their performance. Educators use objectives to define for the learner what the primary focus will be in the learning activities. Creation of rubrics to replace checklists to evaluate learner performance is a team task. Improved rubrics assist instructors in providing valuable, immediate, and postactivity feedback and consistency among instructors, and improved inter-rater reliability.

  11. Matching and accepting assistive technology in multiple sclerosis: A focus group study with people with multiple sclerosis, carers and occupational therapists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squires, Luke A; Williams, Nefyn; Morrison, Val L

    2016-11-15

    To explore experiences and perceptions of assistive technology, 14 people with multiple sclerosis, 5 carers and 4 occupational therapists participated in focus groups. Transcripts were analysed thematically drawing from illness self-regulation theory. Identified themes are as follows: critical multiple sclerosis events (developing symptoms/disability, delayed diagnosis and coping, public reaction and multiple sclerosis progression to assistive technology), matching assistive technology for continued use (acceptance of multiple sclerosis and assistive technology, realistic expectations, occupational therapist responsiveness, timing is crucial and carers and others) and impact of assistive technology (promoting or losing independence, stigma and embarrassment and redefining the carer). Acceptance and communication among those involved ensures assistive technology matches needs and maximises health and psychosocial outcomes.

  12. The theory of shared communication: how parents of technology-dependent children communicate with nurses on the inpatient unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giambra, Barbara K; Sabourin, Teresa; Broome, Marion E; Buelow, Janice

    2014-01-01

    Care may be compromised for hospitalized technology-dependent children if nurses do not communicate with parents to include their knowledge in the child's plan of care. A qualitative study using grounded theory methodology was undertaken to identify parental perceptions and experiences of communication with nurses. The Theory of Shared Communication was the result of this study and includes questioning, listening, explaining, advocating, verifying understanding and negotiating roles to achieve the outcome of mutual understanding of the child's plan of care. Nurses should be aware of parent perceptions about communication when working with families to optimize the care they provide.

  13. Demographic and occupational predictors of stress and fatigue in French intensive-care registered nurses and nurses' aides: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Gabrielle; Hocine, Mounia; Salomon, Jérôme; Dab, William; Temime, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Healthcare workers (HCWs) working in intensive-care units (ICUs) are exposed to high physical and mental demands potentially affecting their health or having repercussions on patient care. Although several studies have explored the links between some aspects of working conditions in hospitals and HCW health, the complex dynamics at play are not fully understood. This study aimed to explore the impact of a wide array of demographic, employment and organizational factors related to fatigue and stress of French ICU HCWs. A cross-sectional study was conducted in ICUs of Paris-area hospitals between January 18, 2013 and April 2, 2013. All types of adult ICUs were included (medical, surgical and polyvalent). Included in the study were HCWs with patient contact (doctors, residents, registered nurses, nurse's aides and physical therapists). Participation was proposed to all eligible HCWs present during on-site visits. Temporary staff not typically assigned to the given ICU was excluded. Data were collected using an individual questionnaire administered in interviews during day and night shifts (N=682). Stress and fatigue outcomes included the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS10), the Nottingham Health Profile sleep and energy level rubrics and the current fatigue state at the interview. Multivariate analysis was restricted to nurse and nurse's aide data (n=536). Doctors and residents reported fewer sleep difficulties but were more likely to report a tired current state. Female gender was associated with higher stress levels and greater fatigue for all outcomes, while greater social support of supervisor or colleagues decreased stress and fatigue. At the organizational level, longer shifts (12 h vs. 8 h) were associated with tired current state and greater sleep difficulties. Personnel on rotating shifts had lower stress and a better current state, while those on night shifts had greater sleep and energy level difficulties. Even when controlling for demographic factors

  14. The occupational exposure of dermatology nurses to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - evaluating the effectiveness of better skin protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheepers, P.T.J.; van Houtum, J.; Anzion, R.B.M.; Champmartin, C.; Hertsenberg, S.; Bos, R.P.; van der Valk, P. [Radboud University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2009-05-15

    We studied the uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in nurses who apply ointments containing coal tar to patients and investigated the effectiveness of skin protection methods. We determined gas-phase PAH on XAD-2 and particle-associated PAH on filters. We also used pads to determine PAH on the skin. Pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry; their respective urinary metabolites 1-hydroxypyrene and 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. We ruled out the inhalation of airborne pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene as the sources of PAH exposure. However, substantial amounts of pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene were observed on the hands of the nurses (median 33.0 and 16.4 ng/cm{sup 2}, respectively). Excretion of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene indicated an increased uptake of pyrene in 8 out of 12 nurses. We asked 35 nurses to perform a treatment with gloves followed by a second treatment without gloves. The use of gloves changed the excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene by -0.58 {mu} mol (range -5.1-1.0 {mu} mol), corresponding to a median reduction of 51.5% (P<0.001). Based on this finding, a new protocol was adopted, involving the permanent use of vinyl gloves and Tyvek sleeves. The effectiveness of this protocol was tested against pre-existing work practices and showed a 97% reduction in skin contamination with pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene, and a lowering in urinary excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene of 57%.

  15. Comprehensive evaluation of occupational radiation exposure to intraoperative and perioperative personnel from {sup 18}F-FDG radioguided surgical procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Povoski, Stephen P.; Martin, Edward W. [The Ohio State University, Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute and Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH (United States); Sarikaya, Ismet; Hall, Nathan C.; Knopp, Michael V. [The Ohio State University, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Columbus, OH (United States); White, William C.; Marsh, Steven G. [The Ohio State University, The Office of Environmental Health and Safety, Columbus, OH (United States); Hinkle, George H. [The Ohio State University, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Columbus, OH (United States); The Ohio State University, College of Pharmacy, Columbus, OH (United States)

    2008-11-15

    The purpose of the current study was to comprehensively evaluate occupational radiation exposure to all intraoperative and perioperative personnel involved in radioguided surgical procedures utilizing {sup 18}F-fluorodeoxyglucose ({sup 18}F-FDG). Radiation exposure to surgeon, anesthetist, scrub technologist, circulating nurse, preoperative nurse, and postoperative nurse, using aluminum oxide dosimeters read by optically stimulated luminescence technology, was evaluated during ten actual radioguided surgical procedures involving administration of {sup 18}F-FDG. Mean patient dosage of {sup 18}F-FDG was 699 {+-} 181 MBq (range 451-984). Mean time from {sup 18}F-FDG injection to initial exposure of personnel to the patient was shortest for the preoperative nurse (75 {+-} 63 min, range 0-182) followed by the circulating nurse, anesthetist, scrub technologist, surgeon, and postoperative nurse. Mean total time of exposure of the personnel to the patient was longest for the anesthetist (250 {+-} 128 min, range 69-492) followed by the circulating nurse, scrub technologist, surgeon, postoperative nurse, and preoperative nurse. Largest deep dose equivalent per case was received by the surgeon (164 {+-} 135 {mu}Sv, range 10-580) followed by the anesthetist, scrub technologist, postoperative nurse, circulating nurse, and preoperative nurse. Largest deep dose equivalent per hour of exposure was received by the preoperative nurse (83 {+-} 134 {mu}Sv/h, range 0-400) followed by the surgeon, anesthetist, postoperative nurse, scrub technologist, and circulating nurse. On a per case basis, occupational radiation exposure to intraoperative and perioperative personnel involved in {sup 18}F-FDG radioguided surgical procedures is relatively small. Development of guidelines for monitoring occupational radiation exposure in {sup 18}F-FDG cases will provide reassurance and afford a safe work environment for such personnel. (orig.)

  16. Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants, and Certified Nurse-Midwives: A Policy Analysis. Health Technology Case Study 37.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

    This case study was conducted to analyze the cost-effectiveness of nurse practitioners (NPs), physicians' assistants (PAs), and certified nurse midwives (CNMs) by examining (1) the contributions of each group in meeting health-care needs; (2) the effect of changing the method of payment for their services on the health-care delivery system; and…

  17. Evaluation of the Effects of Occupation Moral Training in Higher Vocational Nursing Students%高职护理专业学生职业道德培养效果的评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵路才; 陈建松; 孟德喜

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨高职护生职业道德培养的效果。方法采用整群抽样法选取护理专业两个班作为研究对象,分为实验组和对照组;将护理伦理学教学改革、职业道德教育融入专业课程、加强实习阶段职业道德教育等作为护生职业道德培养的路径;培养期结束后,通过对比两组护生的护理伦理知识测评得分、对职业道德培育效果的满意度、实习医院对护生职业道德水平与素质的满意度,评价职业道德培养的效果。结果实验组护理伦理知识测评得分、对职业道德培育效果的满意率、实习医院对护生职业道德水平与素质满意率高于对照组,差异具有显著性意义(P<0.05)。结论高职护生职业道德教育体系的构建,有效提高了护生的职业道德水平与综合素质。%Objective:To investigate the effect of occupation moral training for nursing students .Methods:By cluster sampling method , two nursing professional classes were included as the research objects .One class was re-garded as the experimental group .The other class was regarded as the control group .The various measures were taken to cultivate occupation moral .The teaching reform of nursing ethics was carried out .The occupation moral education was integrated into the specialty courses .The occupation moral education was strengthened in clinical practice stage .After the culture period , two groups′nursing ethics knowledge was tested .Their satisfaction on oc-cupation moral cultivation effect was surveyed .The hospital satisfaction on their occupation morality level and qual-ity was surveyed too .The occupation moral cultivation effect was evaluated through these .Results: The experi-mental group′evaluation score of nursing ethics knowledge , the satisfaction rate of occupation moral cultivation effect , teaching hospital′satisfaction rate of occupation moral standards and quality were higher than those of the

  18. Distance education in nursing: an integrated review of online nursing students' experiences with technology-delivered instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancuso-Murphy, Josephine

    2007-06-01

    One proposed solution to educating more nurses to decrease and eventually eliminate the nursing shortage is distance education. But what are nursing students' experiences with distance education? Answering this question can assist in the development of effective teaching and learning strategies to provide for the development of quality distance education programs. This article provides an integrative review of the nursing literature to ascertain the student perspective of distance education. A review of nursing literature was completed using a number of databases and specific criteria to locate research studies specific to this topic. The studies were analyzed for validity and reliability, and limitations were mentioned. Student perceptions garnered from the research studies analyzed are summarized with the acronym DISTANCE ED. Implications, recommendations, and needs for future research are discussed. A supplementary review of the literature is used to augment the findings.

  19. 社区护士职业暴露安全防护现况调查与分析%Investigation and analysis on the status of occupational exposure and safety protection among community nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈捷文; 孙宏玉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of occupational exposure and safety protection among community nurses. Methods A total of 119 nurses from 4 community health service centers and affiliated health service stations in Beijing Haidian District were investigated with a self - designed community nurse occupation exposure protection status questionnaire. Results Only 28. 57% community nurses were clear about the concept of standard precautions. The 3 lowest scores were padded gauze when breaking ampoule, blood collection operation for patients while wearing gloves, back to sets of syringe needles at work. There were 84. 03% community nurses had suffered sharp - injuries. Only 18. 49% nurses reported to the department of nosocomial infection management after the occurrence of sharp - injuries. Conclusion The community nursing administrators should pay attention to occupation exposure safety related training and strengthen the supervision to occupation exposure safety protective behavior of community nurses.%目的 凋查社区护士职业暴露情况及安全防护行为.方法 采用自行设计社区护士职业暴露防护现状调查问卷,对北京市海淀区4所社区卫生服务中心及下属卫生服务站的119名社区护士进行调查.结果 仅有28.57%的社区护士对标准预防概念很清楚;社区护士职业暴露安全防护行为中得分最低的3项是:掰安瓿时加垫纱布、为患者进行采血操作时鼓手套、工作中注射器针头回套;84.03%的社区护士曾发生过锐器伤,发生锐器伤后上报医院感染管理部门的只占18.49%.结论 社区护理管理者应重视对社区护士职业暴露安全防护相关培训,加强对社区护士职业暴露安全防护行为的监督.

  20. 78 FR 48683 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Personal Protective Technology (PPT...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... Health (NIOSH) Personal Protective Technology (PPT) Program; Framework Document for the Healthcare Worker... availability of a document titled ``Framework for Setting the NIOSH PPT Program Action Plan for Healthcare... ). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The NIOSH personal protective technology (PPT) program publishes and periodically...

  1. Factors Affecting Nursing Students' Readiness and Perceptions Toward the Use of Mobile Technologies for Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zayim, Nese; Ozel, Deniz

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the current usage of mobile devices, preferences of mobile learning environments and examine the readiness of nursing students in a public university. In order to investigate preferences and attitudes with respect to mobile technology use in nursing education, 387 students at a state university have been surveyed. It has been observed that while students preferred their current portable laptops, those in higher classes were more inclined to favor mobile phones. The common problems of battery life and high cost of communication, both in smartphones and tablet systems, suggest that hardware quality and financial constraints seem to be two main factors in determining these technologies. While more than half of students expressed readiness for mobile learning, one quarter indicated indecision. Through multivariate regression analysis, readiness to use mobile learning can be described in terms of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, personal innovativeness, self-management of learning, perceived device limitation, and availability. Class level, perceived ease of use, personal innovativeness, and self-management of learning explain intention to use mobile learning. Findings obtained from these results can provide guidance in the development and application of mobile learning systems.

  2. Virtual reality simulation: using three-dimensional technology to teach nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenson, Carole E; Forsyth, Diane McNally

    2012-06-01

    The use of computerized technology is rapidly growing in the classroom and in healthcare. An emerging computer technology strategy for nursing education is the use of virtual reality simulation. This computer-based three-dimensional educational tool simulates real-life patient experiences in a risk-free environment, allows for repeated practice sessions, requires clinical decision making, exposes students to diverse patient conditions, provides immediate feedback, and is portable. The purpose of this article was to review the importance of virtual reality simulation as a computerized teaching strategy. In addition, a project to explore readiness of nursing faculty at one major Midwestern university for the use of virtual reality simulation as a computerized teaching strategy is described where faculty thought virtual reality simulation would increase students' knowledge of an intravenous line insertion procedure. Faculty who practiced intravenous catheter insertion via virtual reality simulation expressed a wide range of learning experiences from using virtual reality simulation that is congruent with the literature regarding the barriers to student learning. Innovative teaching strategies, such as virtual reality simulation, address barriers of increasing patient acuity, high student-to-faculty ratio, patient safety concerns from faculty, and student anxiety and can offer rapid feedback to students.

  3. Prevention of occupational exposure to nurses in operating room of grass-roots hospitals%基层医院手术室护士职业暴露的预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐秀琴; 谢多希; 谢灵智; 王淑珠; 贾仕林; 胡乐湖; 倪金莲

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the factors for occupational exposure to the nurses in hospital operating room,and to adopt intervention measures to reduce the incidence of occupational exposure. METHODS The incidence of occupational exposure to nurses in operating room was analyzed by using questionnaire survey; Efforts was made to develop the training, lectures, establish the management regulations and institute the intervention measures, including the operation guide, to reduce the incidence of occupational exposure. RESULTS After the intervention measures adopted by the target population, the awareness rate of the knowledge about occupational exposure were that before: 36. 8% ~ 89. 5%, after: 88. 2% ~ 100. 0%. The annual rate of occupational exposure were before: 47. 4%, after: 5. 3%. The difference before and after the intervention was statistically significant (P <0. 05 ). CONCLUSION The prevalence of occupational exposure widely occurs to nurses in operating room, the intervention activities related to occupational exposure can be effective in reducing the incidence of occupational exposure.%目的 探讨基层医院手术室护士职业暴露因素之间的关联性,采取干预措施以减少职业暴露发生率.方法 采用问卷调查的方式,统计基层医院手术室护士职业暴露发生情况;开展职业暴露防护培训、讲座、建立管理规章、制定操作防护指南等干预措施,减少职业暴露发生率.结果 职业暴露相关知识知晓率干预前36.8%~89.5%,干预后88.2%~100.0%;年职业暴露率干预前:47.4%,干预后:5.3%;干预前后比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 手术室护士发生职业暴露普遍存在,开展职业暴露相关干预活动,可有效减少职业暴露发生率.

  4. 心血管内科护士职业紧张与职业倦怠状况调查研究%The investigation on occupational stress and job burnout situations and their correlate in cardiovascular nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁抗宁; 宋雅璠; 王蓉; 武艳妮

    2013-01-01

    目的:调查心血管内科护士职业紧张和职业倦怠状况,分析与内科其他各专科护士的差别,探讨职业紧张与职业倦怠之间的相关性,为医院护理临床岗位管理及护理绩效考核提供依据.方法:随机抽取西安市三级甲等综合性医院心血管内科护士188名作为观察组,从相同医院随机抽取来自内科其他各专科护士共300名作为对照组,应用OSI-R职业紧张量表和MBI职业倦怠量表收集资料进行统计学分析.结果:观察组护士职业紧张率为63.30%,对照组护士职业紧张率52.67%,经比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).观察组护士职业倦怠率为71.81%,对照组护士职业倦怠率55.16%,经比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).心血管内科护士和内科其他各专科护士的职业紧张与职业倦怠均呈正相关(P<0.01).心血管内科护士职业紧张与职业倦怠r值为0.725,内科其他各专科护士职业紧张与职业倦怠r值为0.349,心血管内科护士的r值高于内科其他各专科护士的r值,表明心血管内科护士的相关性更高.结论:心血管内科护士职业紧张及职业倦怠均较内科其他各专科护士严重,职业紧张可能为职业倦怠的主要因素之一.%Objective:To investigate occupationl stress and job burnout situations of cardiovascular nurses and other medical nurses,analyze their difference,explain their internal correlate,provide the basis for the management of clinical nursing positions and assessment of nurse performance.Methods:Randomly selected three A-level hospital in Xi'an cardiovascular internal medicine nurse 188 as observation group,randomly selected from the same hospital from medicine other specialist nurses in a total of 300 as control group,application of OSI-R occupation stress scale and MBI occupation burnout questionnaire to collect data for statistical analysis.Results:The nursing profession is tense rate of 63.30%,control group nurses occupational stress rate

  5. Barriers to the use of Information and Communication Technology by occupational therapists working in a rural area of New South Wales, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chedid, Rebecca Jean; Dew, Angela; Veitch, Craig

    2013-06-01

    This qualitative study formed part of a large-scale, multi-phase study into the delivery of therapy services to people with a disability, living in one rural area of New South Wales, Australia. The study's purpose was to identify the impact of Information and Communication Technology on the workforce practices of occupational therapists' working in a rural area of New South Wales. Individual semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 13 occupational therapists working in disability, health and private practice in a rural area of New South Wales. Participants were asked about access to, skills and limitations of using Information and Communication Technology. A modified grounded theory approach, based on thematic analysis and constant comparison, was used to analyse the interview transcripts. This study found widespread use of technology by rurally based occupational therapists working in the disability sector in New South Wales. However, Information and Communication Technology was primarily used for client contact, professional development and professional networking rather than therapy provision. The study identified individual, workplace and community barriers to greater uptake of Information and Communication Technology by this group. The individual barriers included: age cohort, knowledge and personal preferences. The workplace barriers included: support and training and availability of resources. The community barriers included: infrastructure and perceptions of clients' acceptance. The potential exists for Information and Communication Technology to supplement face-to-face therapy provision, enhance access to professional development and reduce professional isolation thereby addressing the rural challenges of large distances, travel times and geographic isolation. To overcome these challenges, individual, workplace and community Information and Communication Technology barriers should be addressed concurrently. © 2012 The Authors Australian

  6. Analysis on influence reasons of occupational exposure among practicing nurses and suggestion%实习护士职业暴露影响原因分析及建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德玲; 朱千

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current situation of occupational exposure among the practicing nurses in sec-ond class or more hospitals in various districts and counties of Chongqing City ,to analyze the influence factors of occupational ex posure and to offer the corresponding proposals. Methods The survey was performed on 200 randomly extracted practicing nurses by the occupational exposure risk factors questionnaires. The results with 80 nurses on job were performed the comparative analysis. Results The awareness rate of occupational exposure related knowledge in the practicing nurses with educational background under bachelor degree was lower ,and the occupational exposure proportion in the practicing nurses of the surgical and infectious departments was higher than that of the other departments. The occupational exposure harms were mainly caused by returning sy-ringe needle,needle cap,transmitting blade,ampoule-hurt,and so on. The self-assessment scores of clinical processing ability, clinical protective ability and health educational ability in the practicing nurses were significantly lower than those in the nurses on job,the differences were statistically significant. Conclusion The practicing nurses relatively lack the knowledge of occupa-tional exposure knowledge in practical operations,their awareness of occupational safe protection is weak,which needs to strengthen the cultivating and educating of specialized knowledge.%目的调查重庆市各县区二级及以上医院实习护士职业暴露现状,分析实习护士职业暴露影响因素,并提出相应建议。方法采用职业暴露危险因素调查问卷对随机抽取的200名实习护士进行调查,并与80名在职护士进行比较分析。结果本科以下学历实习护士职业暴露相关知识知晓率较低,外科、传染科实习护士职业暴露比例高于其他科室,职业暴露伤害主要是由回套针头、针帽及传递刀片、安瓿伤等原因造成,实

  7. Study on correlation between occupation maturity and career self efficacy of undergraduate nursing students%本科护生职业成熟度与生涯自我效能感的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈媛儿; 马小琴

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the status quo and correlation between occupation maturity and career self efficacy of undergraduate nursing students,and provide the basis for nursing educators to improve nursing students’occupation maturity.Methods:The occupation maturity scale(CMI)and nursing students’career self efficacy questionnaire were used,in a medical university a total of 367 undergraduate nursing students in 4 grades received a questionnaire survey.Results:Undergraduate nursing students’CMI score was 120.53±10.06, the career self efficacy score of nursing students was 86.95 ±1 1.53,both of them were in the middle level. CMI score difference had no statistical significance among 4 grades of nursing students(P >0.05).4 grades of nursing students’career self efficacy score was statistically significant different(P 0.05),4个年级护生生涯自我效能感总分比较差异有统计学意义(P <0.05),1年级、2年级、4年级生涯自我效能总分及职业信息收集和职业规划能力、职业价值、目标选择得分大于3年级,1年级职业态度及信念得分大于3年级、4年级,1年级、2年级问题解决能力得分大于3年级。护生职业成熟度与生涯自我效能感有相关性(P <0.01),生涯自我效能感中的职业认知及职业价值对护生职业成熟度有一定的预测作用。[结论]在本科护生教育过程中应更重视护生职业生涯教育,关注自我效能感的培养,以提高护生职业成熟度水平。

  8. 不同性别护理本科生择业效能感的质性研究1)%Qual itative study on occupational choice efficacy of undergraduate nursing students with same gender

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武进; 任思羽; 张丽梅; 邱琼; 汤志梅

    2014-01-01

    [目的]了解本科护生择业效能感的总体情况,探讨不同性别本科护生择业效能感存在的差异,为高校本科护生就业指导提供理论依据。[方法]采用质性研究的现象学研究方法,对60名在校本科护生进行择业效能感的访谈。[结果]男女生在择业客观优势方面、社会支持方面、职业目标方面以及对自我性格、能力的评价存在差异;男女生职业兴趣,获取就业信息渠道以及自我价值体现方面存在细微差别,但差异不明显。[结论]本科护生择业效能感在性别上存在一定差异,但这种性别差异是否在其传统职业领域更占优势,仍有待进一步深入研究。%Obj ective:To know about the general condition of occupational choice efficacy of undergraduate nursing students and probe into the differences of occupational choice efficacy in different genders of undergraduate nursing students,so as to provide theoretical evidences of employment guidance for col-lege nursing students.Methods:The phenomenological research method of qualitative research was used to interview 60 undergraduate nursing students in school,on their occupational choice efficacy.Results:There were differences in obj ective advantages social support,career obj ectives of occupational choice and evaluation on self personality and self ability between male and female students;there was also a slight difference in vocational interest,the way to get employment information and self value embody between boys and girls,but the difference was not significant.Conclusion:There were differences in occu-pational choice efficacy between different genders of undergraduate nursing students between,but whether this gender difference is more dominant in the traditional occupations remains to be studied further and in depth.

  9. 临床护士职业性危害因素的暴露及防护问卷的质性研究%Exposure and Protection Questionnaire of Nursing Occupational Hazard Factors:A Qualitative Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕; 程云

    2012-01-01

    目的 运用格林模式构建"临床护士职业性危害因素的暴露及防护"问卷.方法 在格林模式理论框架的指导下设计半结构式访谈提纲,对8名临床护理管理者进行焦点团体访谈,发展并完善"临床护士职业性危害因素的暴露及防护"问卷.结果 明确了"临床护士职业性危害因素的暴露及防护"问卷设计的必要性及问卷的框架(包括个人一般资料、职业暴露发生情况调查、自我防护知信行及管理政策评估四部分),并对相关概念进行了操作性定义.结论 以格林模式为理论指导设计问卷不仅可系统评估护理人员职业安全现状,有利于明确目前临床护士职业暴露及防护的现状和存在的各种问题;而且对于今后制定护理人员职业防护干预策略具有重要的指导作用.%Objective To construct the exposure and protection questionnaire of nursing occupational hazard factors using Green mode. Methods With a semi-structured interview outline designed under the theoretical framework of Green model,focus group interviews among eight clinical nursing managing specialists were conducted to develop and complete the exposure and protection questionnaire of nursing occupational hazard factors. Results The necessity and content of the questionnaire were determined concerning the general information, occupational exposure occurs survey, KAP and management policy of self-protection assessment. The operational definitions were also defined for the related concepts. Conclusion Using the framework of Green model for the establishment of the exposure and protection questionnaire of nursing occupational hazard factors can systemically assess and diagnose the current situation of exposure and protection of clinical nurses,help to determine the existing problems and then have an important role in guiding the future development of nursing occupational protection interventions.

  10. 新疆地区大学生护理职业性别刻板印象的研究%Survey on gender stereotype of university students′ impression on nursing occupation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王燕妮; 骆朝辉; 李晓雨; 刘崟颖; 兰凤

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the gender stereotype of university students′ impression on nursing occupation. Methods Totals of 259 university students were surveyed by using the self-designed questionnaire from March to June in 2014. Results There were 22. 8% university students who thought that male was very suitable for nursing occupation. There were 28. 6% university students who thought that male was suitable for nursing occupation. There were 48. 6% university students who thought that male was not suitable for nursing occupation. There was no significant difference in different genders (χ2 =3. 014,P>0. 05). And there was a significant difference in different ethnic groups (χ2 =38. 240,P0. 05). And there was a significant difference in different ethnic groups (χ2 =4. 663,P0.05),不同民族大学生在此问题上的认识情况差异有统计学意义(χ2=38.240,P0.05),不同民族大学生对此问题的回答差异有统计学意义(χ2=4.663,P<0.05)。结论新疆地区大学生对护理职业的性别存在刻板印象,应加大社会对男性从事护理工作的宣传力度,建立一个接受和欢迎男护士的社会环境,减少男性从事护理工作的社会制约。

  11. 手术室护士血源性传播疾病的职业暴露调查及防护对策%Investigation of occupational exposure to blood-borne diseases among operating nurses and protection countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童丽娟; 陈坚

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the main reasons and protective countermeasures for occupational exposure to blood-borne diseases among the operating room nurses. METHODS The occupational exposure to blood-borne diseases among the operating room nurses in 2007 - 2009 were investigated retrospectively. RESULTS Of 50 operating room nurses, occupational exposures occurred in 37 patients with the incidence of 74. 0% ; there were 315 case-times of occupational exposure, mainly including sharp instrument injuries, which contaminated by the blood, body fluid, and secretions; the incidence of occupational exposure of the nurses with low title, low education, and low working experience was higher than those with high title, high education, and high working experience, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). CONCLUSION Because of the poor consciousness of the protection of occupational exposure, it is necessary to strengthen the comprehensive protection education, establish and implement the comprehensive protective measures so as to minimize the occupational exposure.%目的 调查手术室血源性传播疾病职业暴露对手术室护士造成危害的主要原因及防护对策.方法 对医院2007-2009年手术室护士血源性传播疾病职业暴露情况进行回顾性调查.结果 50名手术室护士中37人发生过职业暴露,发生率为74.0%;共发生职业暴露315人次,主要原因有锐器刺伤,被血液、体液、分泌物等污染;低职称、低学历、低工作年限护士职业暴露发生率较高职称、高学历、高工作年限护士高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 手术室护士职业暴露防护意识淡薄,应加强全面性防护教育,建立并执行全面性防护措施,将职业暴露风险降到最低限度.

  12. Information and communication technology (ICT) use in child and family nursing: what do we know and where to now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridgway, Lael; Mitchell, Creina; Sheean, Frances

    2011-12-01

    Whilst the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in acute care services has been well documented, less is known about the impact of computerising community-based primary care such as child and family health nursing services. This self-complete survey of 606 nurses working in the Victorian Maternal and Child Health (MCH) service (response rate 60%) found that the predominantly older workforce were confident with the use of ICT. This contrasts with findings from the acute sector where older nurses had lower ICT confidence. The survey revealed a variation in ICT support and a lack of data collection system compatibility. Professional education resources were not able to be effectively used in all locally supplied computers. Although MCH nurses have adapted well to computerisation, there is room for improvement. Appropriate resourcing, education and infrastructure support are areas that need to be addressed and would benefit from an overarching body responsible for development and quality assurance.

  13. Assessing the Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-Educational Needs of Nursing Students at Millikin University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folami, Florence; Adeoye, Blessing F.

    2012-01-01

    While the leading edge between nursing and information provides an opportunity to expand the limitations of nursing knowledge and practice and creates new leadership roles for nurses, it also requires special competencies for safe and effective nursing practice. This study, therefore, assesses informatics competencies and examines the pedagogic…

  14. Assessing the Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-Educational Needs of Nursing Students at Millikin University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folami, Florence; Adeoye, Blessing F.

    2012-01-01

    While the leading edge between nursing and information provides an opportunity to expand the limitations of nursing knowledge and practice and creates new leadership roles for nurses, it also requires special competencies for safe and effective nursing practice. This study, therefore, assesses informatics competencies and examines the pedagogic…

  15. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR TRAINING NURSING STAFF ON THE EXAMPLE OF DAY-CARE CLINIC OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. G. Biryukova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the development of medical and organizational measures aimed improving the efficiency of nurses at the example of a day -care clinic. The paper analyzes the innovative approaches in children’s day-care nurses. New economic conditions call for new approaches to the organization and structure of health care, implementation of nursing innovations.

  16. 护士职业应激应对资源分析%Coping resources of nurses' occupational stress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖元梅

    2008-01-01

    目的 研究不同应对资源对护士职业应激反应水平的影响.方法 采用应对资源问卷(PRQ)和紧张反应问卷(PSQ)对387名护士进行应对资源(娱乐休闲、自我保健、社会支持、理性处事)和应激反应(业务紧张反应、心理紧张反应、人际关系紧张反应、躯体紧张反应)测试.结果 护士应激反应随应对资源的增强而减弱;应对资源与应激反应呈负相关(P<0.01),并与心理应激反应的关系最为密切,以社会支持与应激反应的关系最为密切;社会支持中,与情感支持有关的条目对护士应激反应的缓解作用最大;理性处事中,与保持良好心态有关的条目对应激反应的缓解作用最大,而同时做几种工作反而增强应激反应;自我保健中,与良好卫生习惯、勤于思考和充足睡眠有关的条目缓解护士应激反应作用最大;娱乐休闲中,与充分休息和自主决策有关的条目缓解应激的作用最大,而利用大量业余时间干其他事情则与应激反应呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 提高护士应对资源特别是情感上的支持、保持良好心态、充分睡眠与休息等是降低其应激反应的重要措施.%Objective To study the effects of coping resources on nurses' strain. Methods Coping resources (recreation, self-care, social support, and rational coping) and strain (vocational strain, psychological strain,interpersonal strain,and physical strain) were measured on 387 nurses with personal resources questionnaire (PRQ) and personal strain questionnaire (PSQ). Results The higher the nurses' coping resources were,the lower their strain was (P<0.01). Nurses' coping resources had a negative correlation with their strain and had the closest relation with their psychological strain(P<0.01).Among coping resources, social support was closest related with nurses' strain. In the items of social support, those related to feeling support had more remission on strain. In the items of rational

  17. Condition and prevention of hematogenous occupational exposure of nurses%护士血源性职业暴露调查分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐正利

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解护士血源性职业暴露的发生情况、原因及感染情况,探讨减少护士针刺伤职业暴露发生的有效措施.方法 调取本院2007年8月1日至2011年7月31日医务人员职业暴露登记表,对护士血源性职业暴露的原因、分布、暴露源种类、暴露部位及暴露后的处理等进行分析.结果 调查期间共发生护士血源性职业暴露31人次,其中针刺伤29人次,占93.55%;体液溅入眼内2人次,占6.45%.发生频率最高的科室是手术室、急诊室.暴露原因以拔针操作、静脉输液操作、静脉抽血最常见.暴露部位手及手指占90.32%.暴露源乙型肝炎最常见.31人次职业暴露后伤口处理及后续处理正确,零感染发生.结论 加强医务人员职业安全预防教育,改变不良工作习惯和危险工作行为,早期、规范伤口处理,建立暴露后上报和及时反馈的保障体系至关重要.%Objective To investigate and analyze the status,reason and infection of the hematogenous occupational exposure so as to discuss the corresponding methods for prevention.Methods From reviewed the occupation exposure enrollment that recorded the hematogenous occupational exposure of nurses from Aug 1,2007 to July 31,2010.Then,analyzed the exposure reason,distribution,source types,parts,and post-exposure treatment and so on.Results During this period,totals of 31 hematogenous occupational cases occurred,among them 93.55% were injured by needles,6.45% were splashed into eyes.The most frequent exposure was in the operating room and emergency room.The accident was most occurred in pulling the needles,intravenous infusion and drawing blood.And 90.32% exposure occurred in hands,HBV was the most exposure source.All of the treatments after exposure were correct and no infection was incidence.Conclusions Changing of the bad habits and dangerous work behavior,and establishing the occupation prevention system for medical staff so as to report the

  18. Current Status and Its Correlationship Between Occupation Burnout and Job Satisfaction of Army Civilian Nurses%军队文职人员护士职业倦怠与工作满意度现状及其相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡可纯; 张玉珍; 王玉军; 汪艳霞; 姜银萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation betw een the occupation burnout and job satisfaction of civilian nurses in military healthcare system ,and to provide a theoretical basis for promoting healthy and stable develop-ment of the nursing staff .Methods By convenience sampling ,83 non-commissioned civilian nurses were selected , and they were investigated and assessed by general condition questionnaire ,nursing burnout scale and job satisfac-tion scale .Results The civilian nurses job satisfaction score was(3 .08 ± 0 .35) ,of which the highest satisfaction was the relationship with co-workers ,and the lowest was wages and welfare .Nurse occupation burnout scores high and emotional exhaustion scores higher than depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment .Job satisfac-tion and interpersonal relations ,role ambiguity ,work complexity as a challenge ,inclination to change occupation were negatively correlated ,while job statisfaction and the perception of the nursing work as a meaningful task was positively correlated .Conclusion Non-active civilian nurses and their managers should pay attention to the preven-tion and improvement of occupation burnout .They should take practical measures to reduce the occupation burnout and improve job satisfaction to stabilize the nursing team and also to improve the quality of nursing .%目的:调查研究军队文职人员护士职业倦怠与工作满意度现状,分析其相关性,以期为促进文职护理人才队伍健康、稳定发展提供理论依据。方法2012年9-10月,便利抽样法选取在某大学参加培训的83名军队文职人员护士为调查对象,采用一般情况调查表、护士职业倦怠调查表(nursing burnoutscale ,NBS)和护士工作满意度量表进行调查。结果军队文职人员护士总体工作满意度得分为(3.08±0.35)分,其中与同事关系满意度最高,对工资与福利满意度最低;护士职业倦怠得分偏高,情绪疲惫

  19. Relationship between occupational coping self-efficacy, job stress and core competence of nurses%护士职业应对自我效能与职业压力源和核心能力的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香芝; 刘擎国; 孟凡杰; 介小霞; 张彩玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨护士职业应对自我效能现状及其与职业压力源及核心能力的相关性。方法采用中国护士职业压力源量表、护士职业应对自我效能量表、中国注册护士核心能力量表对493名执业护士进行调查。护士职业应对自我效能与职业压力源和核心能力的相关性采用Pearson相关分析。结果护士职业应对自我效能总分(31.94±6.39)分,职业压力总分(90.29±17.41)分,核心能力总分(159.93±34.31)分。护士职业应对自我效能与职业压力源呈负相关(r=-0.267, P<0.01);与核心能力呈正相关(r=0.355, P<0.01)。结论通过成功体验、言语说服、积极反馈以提高护士自我效能,从而提高护士的核心能力和降低护士压力,进而提高护理质量。%Objective To investigate the relationships between occupational coping self-efficacy, job stress and core competence of nurses. Methods A total of 493 registered nurses were recruited in the survey with the Chinese nurse job stressors scale, occupational coping self-efficacy scale for nurses and competency inventory for registered nurse (CIRN). The correlations were analyzed using Pearson correlation analysis. Results The total scores on occupational coping self-efficacy, job stress of nurses and core competence of nurses were (31.94 ± 6.39), (90.29 ± 17.41) and (159.93 ± 34.31), respectively. Nurses′occupational coping self-efficacy negatively correlated with (r=-0.267, P<0.01) and positively correlated with the core competence of nurses (r=0.355, P<0.01). Conclusions The occupational coping self-efficacy of the nurses can be improved by successful experiencing, verbal persuasion and positive feedback. In this way, nurses core competence can be enhanced and their job stress can be relieved and consequently the quality of nursing can be enhanced.

  20. 血液透析护士职业暴露防护行为分析及管理对策%Analysis and management countermeasures of occupational exposure and protecting behavior in hemodialysis nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕; 卜玲; 杨卉

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查血液透析护士职业暴露及防护行为的发生情况,探讨血液透析护士职业暴露的特点及防护行为的影响因素.方法 采用自行设计的一般资料调查表、血液透析职业暴露发生情况调查问卷表及防护行为调查问卷表调查分析扬州市5所医院82名血液透析护士的相关资料.结果 血液透析护士职业暴露发生情况以事故性危害方面职业暴露得分最高;教育程度、工作岗位、职业暴露经历、培训经历、工作年限是影响护士防护行为的主要因素.结论 事故性危害、生物性危害、心理社会因素方面是血液透析护士最常面临的职业暴露.管理者应采取针对性措施以减少职业暴露的发生,如加强护士职业防护的培训及监督、合理安排工作岗位、为护士提供充足的防护物品等.%Objective To investigate the conditions of occurrence of occupational exposure and protecting behavior in hemodialysis nurses and explore the features of occupational exposure in hemodialysis nurses as well as the influence factors of protecting behavior. Methods Related materials of 82 hemodialysis nurses were collected from 5 different hospitals in Yangzhou, and these materials were investigated with the self - designed questionnaires such as the general information questionnaire, questionnaire on the occurrence of occupational exposure associated with hemodialysis and questionnaire on the protecting behavior. Results Accidental injury was the most frequent and serious adverse effect of occupational exposure in hemodialysis nurses; educational level, operating post, experience of occupational exposure, training and working lifetime were the main influential factors of protecting behavior in hemodialysis nurses. Conclusion Accident injury, biological injury and mental and social factors are the most common occupational exposures. Directed measures such as enhanced training and monitoring of occupational

  1. Use of social media and web 2.0 technologies to increase knowledge and skills of british columbia nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frisch, Noreen C; Borycki, Elizabeth M; Mickelson, Grace; Atherton, Pat; Novak-Lauscher, Helen; Hooker, Daniel; Ho, Kendall

    2012-01-01

    Health professionals' use of social media and Web 2.0 technologies are emerging as a new area of research. We present the experiences of a province-wide network in Canada that was developed using such technologies as a means to increase nurses' capacity in nursing health services research. Our network is based on a model of electronic communities of practice (eCoPs). Network evaluation affirms that nurses do respond to social media, as membership has grown to over 1,400 members in two years. Approaches used for network development and implementation are discussed, and the network's eHealth eCoP is presented as a case of network activities and directions.

  2. 全日制护理硕士研究生职业认同的质性研究%Qualitative research on occupational identification of full-time postgraduate nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚萍萍; 吴飞; 王超虹

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解全日制护理硕士研究生职业认同的真实感受,为医院管理者及护理教育者提供参考。方法采用质性研究中现象学的方法对18名全日制护理硕士研究生进行面对面个别深入访谈,访谈资料以笔录和录音的方式记录;采用 Colaizzi 主题分析法对访谈结果进行分析。结果全日制护理学专业研究生对护理职业认同主要分为3个主题6个方面,即选择攻读护理专业硕士的动机、对护理职业的认识和感受、对护理职业的个人评价3个主题;个人职业发展与学术追求、脱离临床环境、成就感和学历情节、读研跟风动机、正面评价(好就业、高学历、发展快)、负面评价(护士社会地位低、经常值夜班、医院招收条件苛刻及管理者的不重视)6个方面。结论研究生低职业认同、高职业期望的状态,提示护理管理者应重视研究生的价值,充分发挥人才优势。护理教育者应兼顾研究生科研和实践能力培养,引导其合理就业,提高职业认同感。研究生本人应正确调整自我角色定位,树立科学的就业观。%Objective To describe the real feelings about occupational identification of full-time postgraduate nursing students, in order to provide reference for hospital administrators and nursing educators.Methods in-depth ( five) interview were conducted among 18 full-time postgraduate nursing students individually by transcripts and recordings to collect the interview contents; and data were analyzed by Colaizzi thematic analysis method. Results The results of this study were divided into 3 themes and 6 aspects. The 3 themes included the motivation to pursue a postgraduate nursing degree, nursing career awareness and feeling, the personal evaluation of nursing job and the 6 aspects contained personal career development and academic pursuits, getting rid of the clinical environment, academic achievement and complex

  3. 2009 Mississippi Curriculum Framework: Postsecondary Occupational Safety and Health Technology. Program CIP: 15.0701

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, Walter M.

    2009-01-01

    As the world economy continues to evolve, businesses and industries must adopt new practices and processes in order to survive. Quality and cost control, work teams and participatory management, and an infusion of technology are transforming the way people work and do business. Employees are now expected to read, write, and communicate…

  4. Using principal components analysis to explore competence and confidence in student nurses as users of information and communication technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todhunter, Fern

    2015-07-01

    To report on the relationship between competence and confidence in nursing students as users of information and communication technologies, using principal components analysis. In nurse education, learning about and learning using information and communication technologies is well established. Nursing students are one of the undergraduate populations in higher education required to use these resources for academic work and practice learning. Previous studies showing mixed experiences influenced the choice of an exploratory study to find out about information and communication technologies competence and confidence. A 48-item survey questionnaire was administered to a volunteer sample of first- and second-year nursing students between July 2008-April 2009. The cohort (N = 375) represented 18·75% of first- and second-year undergraduates. A comparison between this work and subsequent studies reveal some similar ongoing issues and ways to address them. A principal components analysis (PCA) was carried out to determine the strength of the correlation between information and communication technologies competence and confidence. The aim was to show the presence of any underlying dimensions in the transformed data that would explain any variations in information and communication technologies competence and confidence. Cronbach's alpha values showed fair to good internal consistency. The five component structure gave medium to high results and explained 44·7% of the variance in the original data. Confidence had a high representation. The findings emphasized the shift towards social learning approaches for information and communication technologies. Informal social collaboration found favour with nursing students. Learning through talking, watching and listening all play a crucial role in the development of computing skills.

  5. Simulated human patients and patient-centredness: The uncanny hybridity of nursing education, technology, and learning to care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ireland, Aileen V

    2017-01-01

    Positioned within a hybrid of the human and technology, professional nursing practice has always occupied a space that is more than human. In nursing education, technology is central in providing tools with which practice knowledge is mobilized so that students can safely engage with simulated human patients without causing harm to real people. However, while there is an increased emphasis on deploying these simulated humans as emissaries from person-centred care to demonstrate what it is like to care for real humans, the nature of what is really going on in simulation-what is real and what is simulated-is very rarely discussed and poorly understood. This paper explores how elements of postcolonial critical thought can aid in understanding the challenges of educating nurses to provide person-centred care within a healthcare culture that is increasingly reliant on technology. Because nursing education is itself a hybrid of real and simulated practice, it provides an appropriate case study to explore the philosophical question of technology in healthcare discourse, particularly as it relates to the relationship between the human patient and its uncanny simulated double. Drawing on postcolonial elements such as the uncanny, diaspora, hybridity, and créolité, the hybrid conditions of nursing education are examined in order to open up new possibilities of thinking about how learning to care is entangled with this technological space to assist in shaping professional knowledge of person-centred care. Considering these issues through a postcolonial lens opens up questions about the nature of the difficulty in using simulated human technologies in clinical education, particularly with the paradoxical aim of providing person-centred care within a climate that increasingly characterized as posthuman. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Nurses' Perceptions of the Impact of Work Systems and Technology on Patient Safety during the Medication Administration Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher Gordon, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation examines nurses' perceptions of the impacts of systems and technology utilized during the medication administration process on patient safety and the culture of medication error reporting. This exploratory research study was grounded in a model of patient safety based on Patricia Benner's Novice to Expert Skill Acquisition model,…

  7. Nurses' Perceptions of the Impact of Work Systems and Technology on Patient Safety during the Medication Administration Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher Gordon, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation examines nurses' perceptions of the impacts of systems and technology utilized during the medication administration process on patient safety and the culture of medication error reporting. This exploratory research study was grounded in a model of patient safety based on Patricia Benner's Novice to Expert Skill…

  8. Nurses' Perceptions of the Impact of Work Systems and Technology on Patient Safety during the Medication Administration Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher Gordon, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation examines nurses' perceptions of the impacts of systems and technology utilized during the medication administration process on patient safety and the culture of medication error reporting. This exploratory research study was grounded in a model of patient safety based on Patricia Benner's Novice to Expert Skill Acquisition model,…

  9. Virtual reality technology training reduces occupational exposure%应用虚拟现实技术培训降低职业暴露的发生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王靖; 罗伟; 周红

    2012-01-01

    目的 应用虚拟现实技术模拟职业防护的各种场景进行培训,降低医务人员职业暴露的发生.方法 采用虚拟现实技术在医院感染管理中开展教学培训,通过模拟职业暴露控制方面的不同场景,进行直观培训.结果 培训后全院职业暴露发生率明显低于培训前,从0.07%减少为0.03%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 虚拟现实技术培训能够提高受训者的职业防护技巧,纠正不良的职业习惯,降低职业暴露的发生.%OBJECTIVE To apply the virtual reality technology to simulate various kinds of scene trainings in occupational protection in order to reduce the occupational exposure. METHODS Using the virtual reality technology, traini