WorldWideScience

Sample records for technology fine arts

  1. Fine Arts Database (FAD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The Fine Arts Database records information on federally owned art in the control of the GSA; this includes the location, current condition and information on artists.

  2. 3D technology in fine art and craft exploring 3D printing, scanning, sculpting and milling

    CERN Document Server

    Mongeon, Bridgette

    2015-01-01

    The possibilities for creation are endless with 3D printing, sculpting, scanning, and milling, and new opportunities are popping up faster than artists can keep up with them. 3D Technology in Fine Art and Craft takes the mystery out of these exciting new processes by demonstrating how to navigate their digital components and showing their real world applications. Artists will learn to incorporate these new technologies into their studio work and see their creations come to life in a physical form never before possible. Featuring a primer on 3D basics for beginners,interviews, tutorials, and ar

  3. A fine art

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnabel, G.; Raaff, T. [Andritz AG (Austria)

    2006-07-15

    The paper describes a new dewatering system for coal fines which challenges established processes by using screenbowl centrifuge and hyperbaric filter combinations. Company acquisitions over the past three to four years enabled Andritz AG to develop a new system combining two technologies. The article describes the benefits of the combination process and explains the basic operation of these machines. 4 figs.

  4. 36 CFR 910.35 - Fine arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fine arts. 910.35 Section 910... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.35 Fine arts. Fine arts... of art which are appropriate for the development. For information and guidance, a...

  5. Considering Fine Art and Picture Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafini, Frank

    2015-01-01

    There has been a close association between picturebook illustrations and works of fine art since the picturebook was first conceived, and many ways these associations among works of fine art and picturebook illustrations and design play out. To make sense of all the various ways picturebook illustrations are associated with works of fine art,…

  6. Fine Art Fair Held in September

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan

    2011-01-01

    "Ihe Art Beijing 2011· Fine Art Fair was held at the National Agricultural Exhibition Center in Beijing from September 15 to 18, 2011. Bringing together over 40 galleries and art institutions, this year's Fine Art Beijing offers a strong lineup. It presented an extraordinary exhibition of both classical and modem art from West and East. Compared with previous fairs, the exhibits at the Fine Art Beijing 2011 are richer in form and more diversified in style. Attending the fair,

  7. Art and Finance: Fine Art Derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Strati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This work is intended to introduce a new kind of asset, the so called art asset. This financial tool is an asset whose value is related to an art-work, and in particular to the artist reputation. It will be shown the evaluation of an art asset by using a particular kind of volatility, the α-hedging. This tool normalizes the prices volatility of the art-works of an artist (or an art-movement by a sentiment index referred to the Art Market. At last I shall show how the art assets’ values are related to an art-call option.

  8. Facilities Guidelines for Fine Arts Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    This manual of facility guidelines examines the planning process and design features and considerations for public school fine arts programs in Maryland. Planning concepts and trends are highlighted followed by planning guidelines for dance, music, theater, visual arts, general education, and performance spaces. General design considerations…

  9. Towards gloss control in fine art reproduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baar, Teun; Brettel, Hans; Ortiz Segovia, Maria V.

    2015-03-01

    The studies regarding fine art reproduction mainly focus on the accuracy of colour and the recreation of surface texture properties. Since reflection properties other than colour are neglected, important details of the artwork are lost. For instance, gloss properties, often characteristic to painters and particular movements in the history of art, are not well reproduced. The inadequate reproduction of the different gloss levels of a piece of fine art leads to a specular reflection mismatch in printed copies with respect to the original works that affects the perceptual quality of the printout. We used different print parameters of a 3D high resolution printing setup to control the gloss level on a printout locally. Our method can be used to control gloss automatically and in crucial applications such as fine art reproduction.

  10. 76 FR 31307 - Commission of Fine Arts; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office COMMISSION OF FINE ARTS Commission of Fine Arts; Notice of Meeting The next meeting of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts is scheduled... oral statements should be addressed to Thomas Luebke, Secretary, U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, at...

  11. Arts and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Arts and Technology, ArtsIT 2011, which was held in December 2011 in Esbjerg, Denmark. The 19 revised full papers and the two poster papers cover various topics such as Interaction...... and Art, Music and Performance, and Digital Technology....

  12. Arts and Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Conference on Arts and Technology, ArtsIT 2011, which was held in December 2011 in Esbjerg, Denmark. The 19 revised full papers and the two poster papers cover various topics such as Interaction...... and Art, Music and Performance, and Digital Technology....

  13. Art, Technology and Nature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Since 1900, the connections between art and technology with nature have become increasingly inextricable. Through a selection of innovative readings by international scholars, this book presents the first investigation of the intersections between art, technology and nature in post-medieval times....... Transdisciplinary in approach, this volume’s 14 essays explore art, technology and nature’s shifting constellations that are discernible at the micro level and as part of a larger chronological pattern. Included are subjects ranging from Renaissance wooden dolls, science in the Italian art academies, and artisanal...... Camilla Skovbjerg Paldam and Jacob Wamberg trace the Kantian heritage of radically separating art and technology, and inserting both at a distance to nature, suggesting this was a transient chapter in history. Thus, they argue, the present renegotiation between art, technology and nature is reminiscent...

  14. An Artistic Approach to Fine Arts Interpretation in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selan, Jurij

    2013-01-01

    Art criticism was introduced into art education to help students understand works of art. However, art interpretation methods differ according to the educational goals specified for various types of art students. The fine arts interpretation procedures established in education are usually purely theoretical and exclusively verbal, and are thus…

  15. Customizing digital printing for fine art practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parraman, Carinna E.; Thirkell, Paul; Hoskins, Steve; Wang, Hong Qiang; Laidler, Paul

    2005-01-01

    The presentation will demonstrate how through alternative methods of digital print production the Centre for Fine Print Research (CFPR) is developing methodologies for digital printing that attempt to move beyond standard reproductive print methods. Profiling is used for input and output hardware, along with bespoke profiling for fine art printmaking papers. Examples of artist's work, and examples from the Perpetual Portfolio are included - an artist in residence scheme for selected artists wanting to work at the Centre and to make a large-format digital print. Colour is an important issue: colour fidelity, colour density on paper, colour that can be achieved through multiple-pass printing. Research is also underway to test colour shortfalls in the current inkjet ink range, and to extend colour through the use of traditional printing inks.

  16. Subjugated in the Creative Industries The Fine Arts in Singapore

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    2011-01-01

    to economic value. Fine arts practices will not be as lucrative or popular as their counterparts in the other creative businesses; they will remain poor cousins in the creative industries. Essentially, the fine arts are being subjugated in the creative industries and the Singaporean art world is being changed....

  17. South Dakota Fine Arts Content Standards: Dance, Music, Theater & Visual Arts. SDICS Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Dakota State Dept. of Education and Cultural Affairs, Pierre.

    These South Dakota fine arts content standards identify what students must know and be able to do. This document is a compilation of numerous sources and many years of experience in the teaching of fine arts. For each discipline (dance, music, theater/dramatic arts, and visual arts) the document gives an introduction and definition, multiple…

  18. Whole Brain Learning: The Fine Arts with Students at Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Respress, Trinetia; Lutfi, Ghazwan

    2006-01-01

    Schools are searching for more effective strategies that will enable all students to thrive and succeed. Evidence indicates that the fine arts can provide a unique avenue for reaching challenging students with principles of brain-based learning. This article describes HEARTS, an after-school fine arts program which taps and develops the talents of…

  19. Art Therapists and Computer Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Brent C.; Stovall, Kay; Elkins, David E.; Parker-Bell, Barbara

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of technology on art therapists by exploring how art therapists own and use technology and to determine barriers to ownership and use. A survey was conducted at the 2002 annual conference of the American Art Therapy Association in Washington, DC. Of the 250 surveys distributed, 195 were…

  20. Global Talent on Exhibit at Fine Arts Design Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Susan

    2003-01-01

    Rising young designers from around the worid revealed the creative trends in their field at the """"""""New Resource 2002 Design Festival,"""""""" held this fall by the Central Academy of Fine Arts {CAFA) in Beijing, With the theme of """"""""artistic design with new resources in the global economy and multicultural era"""""""", the event attracted over 50 academies and colleges of fine arts both home and abroad,

  1. Revisioning Premodern Fine Art as Popular Visual Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncum, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Employing the concept of a rhetoric of emotions, European Premodern fine art is revisioned as popular culture. From ancient times, the rhetoric of emotion was one of the principle concepts informing the theory and practice of all forms of European cultural production, including the visual arts, until it was gradually displaced during the 1700s and…

  2. Effects of Art/Design Education on Meta-Esthetics Consciousness of Fine Arts Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tataroglu, Eylem

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of the present study were to determine the consciousness and sensitivity levels of Fine Arts students about the meta-esthetics as a consumer and producer and to determine the effects of the courses they took on their meta-esthetic consciousness. The research universe was composed of fine art faculties of the foundation universities…

  3. Effects of Art/Design Education on Meta-Esthetics Consciousness of Fine Arts Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tataroglu, Eylem

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of the present study were to determine the consciousness and sensitivity levels of Fine Arts students about the meta-esthetics as a consumer and producer and to determine the effects of the courses they took on their meta-esthetic consciousness. The research universe was composed of fine art faculties of the foundation universities…

  4. Technology Education and the Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2009-01-01

    One hears quite frequently how the arts continually suffer in the academic day. Many long-time technology education champions certainly know what this is all about; but there may be some ways to use technology education to bring the arts into the classroom. This article offers a series of activities and suggestions that will help students better…

  5. Fine Arts as Means for Studying Media History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza Ježková

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Studying art as a manifestation of cultural memory can help us understand both collective and individual identities. Specific works of art can give us a sense of the artist while the content can also present a more general theme or social issue of a given era. Considering the number of artworks that reference (either as a major or minor topical element mass communication, media seems to be a feasible theme. The topic of media and its specific appearances has varied significantly throughout the history of both art and media. The aim of this paper is to introduce a unique analysis that combines artworks that display the use of mass communication in Czech fine arts. The collected items were the subject of an interdisciplinary analysis – both historical and semiotic. So far, the relationship between media and art has not been explored within Czech media studies. Finding the connection between fine arts and the media can broaden the horizons of historical and social sciences. Representation of media by art points to the importance of media in any given historical period. Some examples can clearly show us how media were produced and consumed, as well as, in the later periods, used as a material for the creation or the art itself. The objective of this paper is to show the perspectives and limits of art as a source of knowledge about cultural memory and advantages and disadvantages of combining historical and semiotic analyses as applied to specific artworks.

  6. Exploring Classical Art at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchenal, Margaret; Foote, Allison

    This resource packet is designed to help teachers incorporate the study of ancient Greek and Roman art into junior and senior high school classrooms. The packet consists of four curriculum units based upon aspects of classical life or culture. These units are: "Daily Life; Mythology"; "Images of Power"; and "Echoes of…

  7. Arte Brasileno Erudito y Arte Brasileno Popular. (Brazilian Fine Art and Brazilian Popular Art)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valladares, Clarival Do Prado

    1969-01-01

    Class differences in Brazil explain the inequality between the art produced in the high strata of society and that originating in the economically inferior communities. Genuine expression of art degenerates for two reasons: the influence of modern industrial civilization and the tendency to satisfy the taste of the acquisitive group. (Author/MF)

  8. Arte Brasileno Erudito y Arte Brasileno Popular. (Brazilian Fine Art and Brazilian Popular Art)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valladares, Clarival Do Prado

    1969-01-01

    Class differences in Brazil explain the inequality between the art produced in the high strata of society and that originating in the economically inferior communities. Genuine expression of art degenerates for two reasons: the influence of modern industrial civilization and the tendency to satisfy the taste of the acquisitive group. (Author/MF)

  9. The fine art of ‘sourcery’

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    The commissioning of the new Linac4 source – first element of the new acceleration chain for the upgrade of the LHC (sLHC) – started at the beginning of July. After years of preparation but after only a few hours of fine-tuning of the numerous parameters involved, the source has delivered its first negative ions. The civil engineering work for the new Linac4 going on near Restaurant 2.While the LHC is preparing for restart, teams of experts involved in the sLHC project are also working on the new facilities that will allow the LHC to run at higher luminosity. The beginning of the new chain of accelerators is Linac4, whose excavation works started October last year. "The particle source that we are commissioning now will be installed at the beginning of the path", explains Maurizio Vretenar, Linac4 project leader. "It is a critical element of the chain as all protons that will circulate in the CERN accelerators will originate from it." The Linac 4 source is differ...

  10. Art Education Technology: Digital Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Sheng Kuan

    2007-01-01

    The application of digital storytelling to art education is an interdisciplinary, inquiry-based, hands-on project that integrates the arts, education, local communities, technology, and storytelling. Through digital storytelling, students develop and apply multiliteracy skills, aesthetic sensitivities, and critical faculties to address greater…

  11. Communication, Fine Arts, and Media. Occupational Analyses. Worker Task Lists and Supplementary Information for Selected Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum and Resource Center.

    This publication contains worker task lists and supplementary information for four occupations in the communication, fine arts, and media cluster: (1) graphic designer; (2) newspaper reporter; (3) radio announcer; and (4) recording technologies occupations. The task lists were generated through the DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process and/or by…

  12. The Appropriation of Fine Art into Contemporary Narrative Picturebooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafini, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Many picturebook artists have been formally trained in specific artistic styles, movements, and techniques. These artists appropriate and transform works of fine art to varying degrees to fit the themes and designs of the stories they illustrate and publish, and to increase the significance and impact of their illustrations. The…

  13. Envisioning the Future: Working toward Sustainability in Fine Art Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Angela; Hulbert, Shane

    2016-01-01

    Fine art education provides students with opportunities to acquire knowledge and skills to respond creatively to their experience of society and culture. Fostering creative ways of knowing, thinking and doing requires studio learning conditions that promote the exploration of embodied perceptions, material sensibilities and conceptual ideas that…

  14. Synesthesia and Creativity in Fine Arts Students: An Empirical Look.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domino, George

    1989-01-01

    A study of 358 fine arts students at three large universities indicated that 23 percent experienced synesthesia in a spontaneous and consistent manner, and 49 percent reported no such experience. Results of comparative analysis are consistent with anecdotal reports that synesthetes are often successful in artistic fields, and possess high degrees…

  15. The Appropriation of Fine Art into Contemporary Narrative Picturebooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafini, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Many picturebook artists have been formally trained in specific artistic styles, movements, and techniques. These artists appropriate and transform works of fine art to varying degrees to fit the themes and designs of the stories they illustrate and publish, and to increase the significance and impact of their illustrations. The…

  16. Arts Entrepreneurship Education in the UK and Germany: An Empirical Survey among Lecturers in Fine Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thom, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on the current state of arts entrepreneurship education at higher educational institutions (HEIs) in the UK and Germany. It is based on findings from questionnaire surveys among 210 lecturers in fine art at 89 HEIs in the UK and Germany. Design/methodology/approach: This paper explores issues related…

  17. An Alternative for Industrial Arts: Communication Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maughan, George R., Jr.; Ritz, John M.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a rationale for including the study of communication technology as a part of the general education process in industrial arts. Analyzes communication technology and suggests methods of implementing the technology in industrial arts. (CSS)

  18. 36 CFR 401.6 - Approval by National Commission of Fine Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Commission of Fine Arts. 401.6 Section 401.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION MONUMENTS AND MEMORIALS § 401.6 Approval by National Commission of Fine Arts. A design for a... Commission of Fine Arts before the Commission can accept it....

  19. The art of innovation: How fine arts graduates contribute to innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Oakley, K.; Sperry, B.; Pratt, A C

    2008-01-01

    This report gives insights into how fine arts graduates contribute to innovation in the creative industries and beyond, and what policymakers can do to support their contribution. In the 21st century, the UK's economic competitiveness and social wellbeing will increasingly depend on our ability to innovate. A significant part of the innovation process revolves around 'creativity' - the ability to generate new ideas, or to restructure and redeploy old ones. But how important really is crea...

  20. A Technological, Pedagogical, Arts Knowledge Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Amy Petersen

    2016-01-01

    This article invites media arts and technology educators to find synergies in their classroom curriculum and practice. Encouraging the use of the National Media Arts Standards it summons teachers to develop a useful framework for technological practice that utilizes arts knowledge and pedagogies.

  1. Industrial Arts and Space Age Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamm, Colleen P., Ed.

    The 33rd annual American Industrial Arts Association (AIAA) convention was held in Miami in 1971. Topics for the AIAA general session addresses were: (1) "Technology--and a Time of Crisis-II," and (2) "Goals, Accountability, and Action for the Industrial Arts." Twenty-four addresses from sessions of the American Council of Industrial Arts Teacher…

  2. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Fine Arts Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    The supplement and ditto packet to the fine arts strand of unit nine for third graders contains illustrations, ditto masters, and four songbooks to help the teacher carry out the fine arts activities of this unit. Materials for both group activities and seatwork are included. Kit 33 uses the songbook "Canciones de Aqui y de Alla" and…

  3. Technology in Art Therapy: Ethical Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alders, Amanda; Beck, Liz; Allen, Pat B.; Mosinski, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    As technology advances, art therapy practices are adapting to the demands of a new cultural climate. Art therapists face a number of ethical challenges as they interact with increasingly diverse populations and employ new media. This article addresses some of the ethical and professional issues related to the use of technology in clinical…

  4. Technology in Art Therapy: Ethical Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alders, Amanda; Beck, Liz; Allen, Pat B.; Mosinski, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    As technology advances, art therapy practices are adapting to the demands of a new cultural climate. Art therapists face a number of ethical challenges as they interact with increasingly diverse populations and employ new media. This article addresses some of the ethical and professional issues related to the use of technology in clinical…

  5. Visual culture of the street and the creation of graffiti at fine art studies

    OpenAIRE

    Škrabanja, Brigita

    2014-01-01

    The goal of my dissertation is to present graffiti and street art as form of art. The thesis wants to present graffiti artists not as aggressive adolescents, who violate established norms, but to emphasize that graffiti can be a form of art or maybe the starting point of artistic career. The dissertation discusses the history of the first wall paintings, the development of graffiti and street art, the production of graffiti at fine art studies and different techniques like sprays, stencils, s...

  6. The image of the mirror as a means of expression in the fine arts and cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Skorik

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The author deduces the correlation between the mirror reflection in fine art and the mirror reflection in cine-matography as multiform way of expressing the scenario idea. The image of the mirror is the appointed mean of expression, which helps to enrich the language, to perceive and to interpret the world view. The fol-lowing research can be interesting to arts critics, culturologists, film critics, artists and people, who are fond of the history of fine art.

  7. ART AND TECHNOLOGY: ASSESSING THEIR SYMBIOTIC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Uche

    earlier mentioned and “the fired and unfired bricks from the excavated cities of Kanem-Bornu. (12th-16th .... but few. In the area of fine art, there are millions of cyber-galleries in the internet through which ... Studies and Security Education.

  8. Symmetry and aesthetics in introductory physics: An experiment in interdisciplinary physics and fine arts education

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veen, Janet Krause

    In a recent editorial in Physics Today (July, 2006, p. 10) the ability of physicists to "imagine new realities" was correlated with what have been traditionally considered non-scientific qualities of imagination and creativity, which are usually associated with fine arts. In view of the current developments in physics of the 21st Century, including the searches for cosmic dark energy and evidence from the Large Hadron Collider which, it is hoped, will verify or refute the proposals of String Theory, the importance of developing creativity and imagination through education is gaining recognition. Two questions are addressed by this study: First, How can we bring the sense of aesthetics and creativity, which are important in the practice of physics, into the teaching and learning of physics at the introductory college level, without sacrificing the mathematical rigor which is necessary for proper understanding of physics? Second, How can we provide access to physics for a diverse population of students which includes physics majors, arts majors, and future teachers? An interdisciplinary curriculum which begins with teaching math as a language of nature, and utilizes arts to help visualize the connections between mathematics and the physical universe, may provide answers to these questions. In this dissertation I describe in detail the case study of the eleven students - seven physics majors and four arts majors - who participated in an experimental course, Symmetry and Aesthetics in Introductory Physics, in Winter Quarter, 2007, at UCSB's College of Creative Studies. The very positive results of this experiment suggest that this model deserves further testing, and could provide an entry into the study of physics for physics majors, liberal arts majors, future teachers, and as a foundation for media arts and technology programs.

  9. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal ... Determination of Nutritive Value and Mineral Elements of Some Species of Genus Memecylon Linn. ... towards Gender and Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Eastern Ethiopia: A ...

  10. Exploring Student Engagement and Collaborative Learning in a Community-Based Module in Fine Art

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    John McGarrigle

    2013-01-01

    This article is based on masters research1 into student and civic engagement using a case study of an innovative Community Based Module in a Fine Art degree course (McGarrigle, 2009). 2 (Flyvbjerg, 2006...

  11. Art technologies as possible propulsars in technological innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Lars Botin

    2003-01-01

    kind. This discussion, of general character, constitutes the initial part of this paper. Then it briefly looks into the final terms of the papertitle and try to relate to the diffuse and discussed technological innovation. Both aspects – art and technology and technological innovation – will be dealt...... with from a historical/hermeneutic and social constructivist point of view, as the paper moves from a general principal level to a more specific, exemplary level, where three different art technologies are presented as possible propulsars in technological innovation.......Art and technology has, as the German philosopher Martin Heidegger points out, the same etymological root. A thorough investigation of the relationship between art and technology will show how this same root has manifested itself in different times and spaces bringing results of the most variegated...

  12. Fostering Creativity: A Multiple Intelligences Approach to Designing Learning in Undergraduate Fine Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Angela; Cripps, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Curriculum and pedagogy in undergraduate fine art can promote an approach to learning creativity that is more about being an artist than knowing about art. Lecturers can provide a road map for developing particular dispositions, in relation to student ideas and perceptions, to foster personalised creativity. This requires that lecturers have an…

  13. The Benefits of Fine Art Integration into Mathematics in Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brezovnik, Anja

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of the article is to research the effects of the integration of fine art content into mathematics on students at the primary school level. The theoretical part consists of the definition of arts integration into education, a discussion of the developmental process of creative mathematical thinking, an explanation of the position…

  14. On Cultivating College Students' Humanistic Qualities in Western Fine Arts Appreciation Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Rong

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, western pragmatism has been prevalent on the campuses of Chinese universities. Its direct result is the emergence of such a trend in fine arts teaching which attaches high importance to the pragmatic side of the art learning and disregards fostering the humanistic qualities of the students. One of the most serious phenomena of…

  15. A Journey. A Unit to Develop Self-Awareness Through a Fine Arts Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitchelo, Jack; Hickens, Carole

    Designed for elementary school students, the unit presents five brief sessions for teaching an historical event using a fine arts approach. By incorporating dance, drama, art, and music into the study of historical events, students heighten their awareness of themselves and of the characters in history. In session 1, students reenact and discuss…

  16. Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire: Administering Interdisciplinary Fine Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gantt, Vernon W.

    The 1980s can be a great decade for the fine arts in higher education if students and administrators are offered a well-designed combination of interdisciplinary study and employment opportunities. A statement of goals for the arts should give high priority to maintaining quality, encouraging innovation and flexibility, and using resources…

  17. THE ZARIA INFLUENCE Lasisi Lamidi Department of Fine Arts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ACER

    2016-06-02

    Jun 2, 2016 ... especially the vernacular Hausa architecture and the baobab trees. .... elements of art adequately by the organization and arrangement .... Fagg and Plass (1973), African Sculpture, Studio Vista, Dulton Picture book, p.104.

  18. The Paradigm of Decline-Metamorphosis-Rebirth in Fine Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine Germ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The triad of decline-metamorphosis-rebirth constantly reappears in the history of civilisation, it is current in all historical periods and cultural environments, in different areas and the most diverse contexts. Its manifestations are countless and the same is true of its interpretations. They are especially frequent in the area of art, because the evolutionary model, grounded in the idea of cyclic development comes very handy for explanations and illustrations which seek to present complicated things in a simple and clear way. The history of art, mainly in the 19th century, advocated a tripartite development of art which seeks greater perfection and maturity and reaches its peak just to be then inevitably followed by a decline in artistic originality and power. Already for some time now the evolutionary model has been shown too ineffective in addressing scholarly questions, especially due to oversimplification and a priori classification of subject matter which cannot possibly be classified. The perception that the art of the Early Renaissance was a preliminary period for more mature and accomplished achievements of High Renaissance which at some point began to lose its drive and went into decline either by repeating outmoded forms or their decomposition, is not only naive, but simply wrong and represents a misunderstanding of the essence of art. In much the same way it would be equally wrong to label in advance the early works of a certain artist as not-mature-yet or possessing less artistic authenticity.

  19. The Benefits of Fine Art Integration into Mathematics in Primary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Brezovnik

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the article is to research the effects of the integration of fine art content into mathematics on students at the primary school level. The theoretical part consists of the definition of arts integration into education, a discussion of the developmental process of creative mathematical thinking, an explanation of the position of art and mathematics in education today, and a summary of the benefits of arts integration and its positive effects on students. The empirical part reports on the findings of a pedagogical experiment involving two different ways of teaching fifth-grade students: the control group was taught mathematics in a traditional way, while the experimental group was taught with the integration of fine art content into the mathematics lessons. At the end of the teaching periods, four mathematics tests were administered in order to determine the difference in knowledge between the control group and the experimental group. The results of our study confirmed the hypotheses, as we found positive effects of fine art integration into mathematics, with the experimental group achieving higher marks in the mathematics tests than the control group. Our results are consistent with the findings of previous research and studies, which have demonstrated and confirmed that long-term participation in fine art activities offers advantages related to mathematical reasoning, such as intrinsic motivation, visual imagination and reflection on how to generate creative ideas.

  20. VERBAL IN FINE ARTS: USE OF QUOTES, WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS IN MODERN ART MEMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sapanzha, O.S.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the analysis of verbal art memes as a phenomenon of modern network communication. Based on the typology of art memes (visual, animation, verbal and synthetic we provide the characteristics of the tools used in the construction of verbal art memes. The main method of creating art memes is the method of appropriation. The main device that creates new meanings of artistic images in verbal art memes is the inclusion of speech elements in the work of art. Unlike visual art memes, using professional art of the XX century, a verbal art meme is mass scale by its origin and understandable to a wide audience of network users and consumers of mass art content.

  1. Woman Artist Engages in Children’s Fine Art Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    XIE Lifang was born into a physics professor’s family in Changsha, Hunan Province in 1949 when New China was founded. Living in a place surrounded by beautiful landscape of the Yuelu Mountain, she was fond of painting from her childhood. After she graduated from a junior high school, she was admitted to the Hunan Theatrical School to study stage arts. During the ten years’ chaos of the "cultural revolution," (from 1966 to 1976) the school’s regular education

  2. Creativity, Technology, Art, and Pedagogical Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillander, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Creativity serves an important role in culture, education, and the workforce as it "provides the impetus for any act, idea, or product that changes an existing domain or discipline into a new entity." In the 21st century, information technology is forming a powerful alliance with creative practices in the arts and design to establish new domains…

  3. Modern media in the light of fine art as a school subject based on the constructive theory

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The introduction of the article presents a terminological definition of media in general and a terminological definition of media within Fine Art as a school subject. It also presents the influence of media on Fine Art as a school subject. Furthermore, the author discusses the uses of modern media in Fine Art, selecting media and the suitability of individual media according to set artistic tasks. The main part of the article presents the constructive theory of teaching with its characteristi...

  4. Mozart to Michelangelo: Software to Hone Your Students' Fine Arts Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Russell

    2000-01-01

    Describes 15 art and music computer software products for classroom use. "Best bets" (mostly secondary level) include Clearvue Inc.'s Art of Seeing, Sunburst Technology's Curious George Paint & Print Studio, Inspiration Software's Inspiration 6.0, Harmonic Vision's Music Ace 2, and Coda Music Technology's PrintMusic! 2000 and SmartMusic Studio.…

  5. Mozart to Michelangelo: Software to Hone Your Students' Fine Arts Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Russell

    2000-01-01

    Describes 15 art and music computer software products for classroom use. "Best bets" (mostly secondary level) include Clearvue Inc.'s Art of Seeing, Sunburst Technology's Curious George Paint & Print Studio, Inspiration Software's Inspiration 6.0, Harmonic Vision's Music Ace 2, and Coda Music Technology's PrintMusic! 2000 and SmartMusic Studio.…

  6. Methods of Forming the Subject and Interdisciplinary Competences of Secondary School Pupils by Means of Fine Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemesheva Natalia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The problem of forming the subject (fine arts and interdisciplinary competences of pupils of 5-7 classes by means of visual arts is dedicated to finding effective educational practices of holistic nurturing the creative personality that strives for constant search of new knowledge, original ways of solving problems of personal and professional life, values cultural heritage and can creatively enrich it by changing his or her life and country for better. The article contains the definition of the “subject (fine arts competence”, the concept of “interdisciplinary competence”, names the components of the subject (fine arts and interdisciplinary competences; grounds theoretical method of forming the subject (fine arts and interdisciplinary competences of pupils of 5-7 classes by means of fine arts; highlights the educational and methodological support of the abovementioned methods.

  7. EXAMINATION OF NUMBERS OF STUDENTS APPLIED TO FINE ARTS HIGH SCHOOL: A PESSIMISTIC VIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahit AKSU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study, aiming to examine student quantities applied to Fine Arts high School according to various variables was implemented with General Scanning Technic among Scanning Model and documentary scanning from Descriptive Researches. When we examine applications made to Fine Arts High School Music Departments Special Talent Exams in 2014-2015 Semester we see that less than 30 applications were made to 45% of departments having 30 students quota and because significant numbers of students didn’t apply to necessitate making exams and nearly half of these departments couldn’t get qualified and quantified students and in general in talent exams 71% of Music Departments of Fine Arts High Schools couldn’t fill their student quotas, even in the second placement special talent exam made for 2014-2015 semester 22 GSL Music Departments couldn’t reach their student qouota and when examine this year’s applications to Music Departments of Fine Arts High Schools with the last year’s rate number of applications decreased between 3-70% and schools with such decrease were equal to 60% of study sampling. This situation gives important messages and implies that: success rate of students graduating from these schools will decrease year by year and this fact will reflect to higher education institutions giving professional music education.

  8. Analyzing the Subjective Consciousness of the Hearing-Impaired Students in Fine-Art Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang

    2009-01-01

    Initiative plays an important role in special fine art education. Teachers should take into full consideration the profile of the hearing-impaired students. For better teaching achievement, it is the teachers who shoulder the responsibility to activate the subjective role and consciousness of the hearing-impaired students by arousing their sense…

  9. The Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in Creative Writing in the United States: Teaching the "Unteachable"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caglioti, Carla

    2010-01-01

    The Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in Creative Writing, usually housed within the English Department, has become a progressively more popular field of study among students and budget conscious administrators. But for all its popularity, it is a field that has been left generally unexamined by scholars. While there have been numerous scholarly studies…

  10. War and Peace in the Pictures Drawn by the Students of a Fine Arts High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aktas, Özgür

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to identify high school students' perception of war and peace. Therefore, the students were asked to draw pictures depicting war and peace. The study was conducted at a Fine Arts High School. This study is a qualitative research. According to the assessments made on the results of the study, the students drew pictures containing…

  11. War and Peace in the Pictures Drawn by the Students of a Fine Arts High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aktas, Özgür

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to identify high school students' perception of war and peace. Therefore, the students were asked to draw pictures depicting war and peace. The study was conducted at a Fine Arts High School. This study is a qualitative research. According to the assessments made on the results of the study, the students drew pictures containing…

  12. Putting the "Team" in the Fine Arts Team: An Application of Business Management Team Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Ryan

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses current challenges to the idea of teamwork in fine arts teams, redefines the terms team and collaboration using a business management perspective, discusses the success of effective teams in the business world and the characteristics of those teams, and proposes the implementation of the business model of…

  13. Implications for Art Education in the Third Millennium: Art Technology Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, Sherry

    2007-01-01

    Most would agree that today's art education is far more complex than art activities such as making pumpkin paintings in October. For one, art education continually evolves in response to arts technology integration. What exactly are the implications for art education in the new millennium? In this article, the author presents and shows some of the…

  14. From easel to professorship. The creation and consolidation of Hungarian professional fine arts education in Transylvania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    János Kristóf Murádin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study encompasses the history of fine arts education in Hungarian language from Transylvania, beginning from the end of the 19th century to recent times, placing special emphasis on the period between 1944 and 1948, when the number of fine arts educational institutions in Transylvania was the highest. Beside the Hungarian civil organisations from Transylvania (the Free Painting School from Baia Mare, the Barabás Miklós Guild and the Józsa Béla Athenaeum Fine Arts Free School from Cluj the state-run educational institutions (the Hungarian Art Institute from Cluj, the Ion Andreescu Fine Arts Institute that were attended by many students are also presented. With this, the study aims to offer a comprehensive perspective on the education of the succesive generations of Hungarian fine artists from Transylvania. Keywords: Hungarians of Romania, demographic dynamic of the Hungarian mi-nority in Transylvania, demographic changes, assimilation, ethnic classification. __________________ Este estudio abarca la historia de la educación de bellas artes de Transilvania en lengua húngara, empezando con el fin del siglo 19 hasta los últimos tiempos con énfasis especial en el período 1944–1948 cuando el número de las instituciones educativas de bellas artes fue lo más alto en Transilvania. Junto a las organizaciones civiles húngaras de Transilvania (La Escuela de Pintura Libre de Baia Mare, El Gremio Barabás Miklós y La Escuela Libre de Bellas Artes Józsa Béla de Cluj también se presentan las instituciones educativas estatales (Instituto Húngaras de Artes de Cluj, Instituto de Bellas Artes Ion Andreescu asistidas por muchos estudiantes. Con esto, el estudio tiene el objetivo de ofrecer una perspectiva exhaustiva sobre la educación de generaciones sucesivas de artistas plásticos húngaros de Transilvania. Palabras clave:Húngaros de Rumania, dinámicas demográficas de las minorías húngaras en Transilvania, cambios demogr

  15. Las Bellas Artes como Terapia en Aristóteles The Fine Arts as Therapy in Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio González A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde Homero en adelante, los textos griegos abundan en menciones a la función terapéutica de las bellas artes. En los diálogos platónicos se encuentra el sistema más acabado respecto a este tema en sus diversas manifestaciones, sin embargo los múltiples análisis aristotélicos se encuentran dispersos y aislados. Para empezar, se expone la visión de la salud como armonía en el pensamiento de Aristóteles, a continuación se describen y comparan los conceptos de tékhne y phrónesis, se demuestra la necesidad del arte para la paideía, y se detalla el uso terapéutico de diferentes artes para preservar o restaurar la salud.From Homer onwards, Greek texts show abundant references to the therapeutic applications of the fine arts. The most complete system dealing with this issue in its diverse manifestations is to be found in the Platonic dialogues. However, Aristotle's manifold analyses are scattered and isolated. First, the view of health as harmony in Aristotle's thought is expounded, then the concepts of tékhne and phrónesis are described and compared, the necessity of art to paideía is demonstrated, and finally the therapeutic use of the different arts in order to preserve or restore health is examined'm detall.

  16. 75 FR 45654 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. Notice... the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, CO, that meets the definition of object...

  17. The transportation of fine arts materials aboard the space shuttle Columbia. GAS payload No. 481: Vertical horizons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtz, Ellery; Wishnow, Howard

    1988-01-01

    The Vertical Horizons experiment represents an initial investigation into the transportation of fine arts materials aboard a space shuttle. Within the confines of a GAS canister, artist quality fine arts materials were packaged and exposed to the rigors of space flight in an attempt to identify adverse effects.

  18. From folk art to fine art: changing paradigms in the historiography of Maithil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neel Rekha

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a brief survey of the historiography of Maithil painting after independence. Tracing the roots of current perceptions of Maithil art to the 1949 article of W.G. Archer, the paper demonstrates how his interpretations were articulated by Maithil and non-Maithil scholars and promoters of Maithil art to project a regional, caste-based and national identity. It also looks at the ways in which Maithil art got misinterpreted with the arrival of western scholars in Mithila. The paper reviews the recent shifts in the historiography of Maithil painting by examining the emergence of Harijan Madhubani art. It examines how the legacy of colonial interpretations, romanticization of past history and debates on innovation and tradition, have changed the trajectories of the historiography of Maithil painting in the past few decades.

  19. IN A PARALLEL UNIVERSE: HOW ART EXPLOITS TECHNOLOGY

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    Technical innovation in the arts creates new opportunities for perceptual shifts that lead to lasting achievements. One of the most important events took place in the 15th century not far from CERN on the other side of the Alps in Venice. Titian, in one life time, exploited these new material developments to expand the range of expression like no other artist of his generation. Titian was able to harness these new innovations to emerge as the supreme competitor and hustler, a notion that seems very much a part of the modern promotion of art as exemplified by Warhol , Jeff Koons and Damian Hirst. The language of science and technology has created social networks, changed the mediums and the subject of fine art. Fast forward to CERN 2012, the most expensive experiment in the history of science. The knowledge of dark matter will either help confirm, or not, the Standard Model. This information will be part of what Michel Foucault calls "epistemological breaks", shifts in consciousness that change our p...

  20. 25 CFR 309.22 - What are examples of painting and other fine art forms that are Indian products?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... but, not limited to, works on canvas, photography, sand painting, mural, computer generated art... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are examples of painting and other fine art forms that are Indian products? 309.22 Section 309.22 Indians INDIAN ARTS AND CRAFTS BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

  1. Spatial and verbal memory test scores following yoga and fine arts camps for school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjunath, N K; Telles, Shirley

    2004-07-01

    The performance scores of children (aged 11 to 16 years) in verbal and spatial memory tests were compared for two groups (n = 30, each), one attending a yoga camp and the other a fine arts camp. Both groups were assessed on the memory tasks initially and after ten days of their respective interventions. A control group (n = 30) was similarly studied to assess the test-retest effect. At the final assessment the yoga group showed a significant increase of 43% in spatial memory scores (Multivariate analysis, Tukey test), while the fine arts and control groups showed no change. The results suggest that yoga practice, including physical postures, yoga breathing, meditation and guided relaxation improved delayed recall of spatial information.

  2. New Technologies, New Possibilities for the Arts and Multimodality in English Language Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Wendy R.

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the arts, multimodality, and new technologies in English language arts. It then turns to the example of the illuminated text--a multimodal book report consisting of animated text, music, and images--to consider how art, multimodality, and technology can work together to support students' reading of literature and inspire…

  3. Art Therapists' Emotional Reactions to the Demands of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asawa, Paige

    2009-01-01

    Art therapists increasingly are turning to educational and presentation technology to expand awareness of their field and to inform others in mental health care. This trend supports inquiry into how art therapists interact with and emotionally respond to the demands of technology. This paper presents a qualitative study that used 3 art-based focus…

  4. Analysis on Students' Thinking of Fine Arts in Middle School Fine Arts Teaching%学生美术思维在中学美术教学的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏雨虹

    2015-01-01

    Fine arts education is an important means to cultivate students' thinking of fine arts, and its objective is to continuously improve students' aesthetic ability, and cultivate comprehensive talents with all-around development of moral, intellectual, physi-cal, aesthetics and labor education. The cultivation of students' thinking of fine arts is one of the important objectives of fine arts teaching, and meanwhile students' thinking of fine arts will en-hance the effect of fine arts teaching."Humanistic consciousness, observation ability, abstract reasoning ability and innovation a-bility" are important elements constituting students' fine arts thinking ability. Middle school students' humanistic conscious-ness is relatively weak and their observation and understanding abilities are poor, but their imagination and innovation abilities are relatively strong, so middle school fine arts teachers should make full use of the characteristics of middle school students in fine arts teaching, paying attention to the use of the rules of stu-dents' fine arts thinking, and expanding and cultivating their fine arts thinking ability.%美术教育是培养学生美术思维的重要手段,其目的在于不断提升学生的审美能力,培养“德、智、体、美、劳”全面发展的综合性人才。学生的美术思维的培养是美术教学的重要目标之一,但是同时学生的美术思维也会增强美术教学的效果。“人文意识、观察力、抽象理解能力以及创新能力”等是构成学生美术思维能力的重要因素,中学学生的特点在于人文意识比较薄弱,观察力以及理解能力欠缺,但是想象力和创新能力较强,中学教师在美术的教学活动中应该要充分抓住中学生的这一美术思维特点,在教学的过程中注意应用其美术思维的规律,同时又要在教学活动中拓宽并培养其美术思维能力。

  5. Coal surface control for advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morsi, B.I.; Chiang, S.H.; Sharkey, A.; Blachere, J.; Klinzing, G.; Araujo, G.; Cheng, Y.S.; Gray, R.; Streeter, R.; Bi, H.; Campbell, P.; Chiarlli, P.; Ciocco, M.; Hittle, L.; Kim, S.; Kim, Y.; Perez, L.; Venkatadri, R.

    1992-01-01

    This final report presents the research work carried out on the Coal Surface Control for Advanced Physical Fine Coal Cleaning Technologies project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (DOE/PETC). The project was to support the engineering development of the selective agglomeration technology in order to reduce the sulfur content of US coals for controlling SO[sub 2] emissions (i.e., acid rain precursors). The overall effort was a part of the DOE/PETCs Acid Rain Control Initiative (ARCI). The overall objective of the project is to develop techniques for coal surface control prior to the advanced physical fine coal cleaning process of selective agglomeration in order to achieve 85% pyrite sulfur rejection at an energy recovery greater than 85% based on run-of-mine coal. The surface control is meant to encompass surface modification during grinding and laboratory beneficiation testing. The project includes the following tasks: Project planning; methods for analysis of samples; development of standard beneficiation test; grinding studies; modification of particle surface; and exploratory R D and support. The coal samples used in this project include three base coals, Upper Freeport - Indiana County, PA, Pittsburgh NO. 8 - Belmont County, OH, and Illinois No. 6 - Randolph County, IL, and three additional coals, Upper Freeport - Grant County- WV, Kentucky No. 9 Hopkins County, KY, and Wyodak - Campbell County, WY. A total of 149 drums of coal were received.

  6. Arts Education: Teaching What Technology Cannot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Bruce

    2012-01-01

    Recently, Paul Sznewajs and Nick Rabkin made an introductory case for restoring the arts into Chicago Public Schools. They noted that past research has shown the positive benefits of arts instruction, especially for low-income students. Over the last several decades, research has validated the role of the arts, while in the same time span people…

  7. The Visual Expression of Multimedia in Fine Arts Teach-ing%美术教学中多媒体的视觉表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳晓川

    2013-01-01

    This paper mainly introduces the visual expression of multimedia in normal college fine arts teaching and discusses how to give full play to the role of multimedia in fine arts teach-ing. By integrating multimedia technology and fine arts teaching, the former can serve for the later, and make fine arts more color-ful and total change the idea od fine arts teaching in our mind.%  本文主要是针对于大学师范类美术教学过程中,多媒体的视觉表达在高等教育的知识传授上得到了前所未有的发展和利用。为了更好地利用多媒体技术在美术教学过程中的作用,我们怎么样更好地发挥多媒体的视觉表达,是一个值得探讨的问题。多媒体的视觉表达,本是一个图形和技术相结合的概念,把两者有机地给合在一起,我们就能充分地利用多媒体来为自己的教学服务。当图形技术被转化为银幕形象而表达出来的时候,这种教学过程比单一的美术教学丰富了许多,并且能够彻底改变我们在美术教学中的观念。

  8. The Paseo Fine and Performing Arts Magnet High School, 1989-1990, 1990-1991, 1991-1992. Summative Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newbill, Sharon L.

    This document looks at the Kansas City, Missouri, Paseo Academy of Fine and Performing Arts Magnet High School's three-year implementation of the magnet theme of the Long-Range Magnet School Plan. In addition to the core curriculum, five theme strands (visual arts, music, theater, creative writing, and dance) were offered to 9th through 11th grade…

  9. Arquitectura, arte funcional

    OpenAIRE

    Monjo Carrió, Juan

    1985-01-01

    The begining of this work is devoted to the analysis of the concepts of Art, Science and Technique and their historical evolution, distinguishing between "fine arts" and "technique arts". Following, Architect and Architecture terms are defined both conceptual and professionally, analysing as well its historical evolution and pointing out the interdependence between the architectural conception as "fine art" and the constructive technology as "technique art", finally reminding the necessary sc...

  10. Revolutionizing Arts Education in K-12 Classrooms through Technological Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemon, Narelle, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    Educational technologies are becoming more commonplace across the K-12 curriculum. In particular, the use of innovative digital technology is expanding the potential of arts education, presenting new opportunities--and challenges--to both curricular design and pedagogical practice. "Revolutionizing Arts Education in K-12 Classrooms through…

  11. For a complete preservation of the new media art: Notes on art technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Gobira

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This work discuss on digital art and its preservation. Being a kind of art recognized as born digital, it is among the field of contemporary art and the wide field of digital technology. At the same time, it is part of a society in which the technology has established itself worldwide providing means to criticize the idea of "digital" as advancement or progress. Based on those assumptions, we have tried to think about the complexity of that artistic expression which is manifested in its preservation. In this article, which features notes derived from research on art and its preservation, we seek to think on the relationship between art and data and how the preservation effort beyond the data (informational/computational of technological art work reveals its statute from its industrial and artistic composition.

  12. Health Technology Assessment - science or art?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Bjørn

    2013-01-01

    The founding disciplines of HTA are clearly scientific, and have been firmly based among the natural sciences. However, common definitions of HTA indicate that HTA is something more than the "pure application of science". This article investigates whether this "something" also makes HTA an art. The question of whether HTA is a science or an art is pursued in two specific and historically rich directions. The first is whether HTA is an art in the same way that medicine is described as an art. It has been argued extensively that medicine is based on two different and partly incompatible cultures, i.e., the natural sciences and humanities. Medicine is based on disciplines within the natural sciences, while its value judgments have been placed in the humanities camp. This dichotomy is present in HTA as well, and the first part of the investigation illustrates how HTA is an art in terms of its inherent and constitutive value-judgments. The second part of the science/art-scrutiny leads us to the ancient (Hippocratic) concept of art, téchne, where we find an etymological and a conceptual link between HTA and art. It demonstrates HTA is not an arbitrary process, even though it involves value judgments and relates complex decision making processes. As an art (téchne) HTA has a specific subject matter, requires inquiry and mastery of general rational principles, and is oriented to a specific end. In conclusion, the science-or-art-question makes sense in two specific perspectives, illustrating that HTA is a science based art. This has implications for the practice of HTA, for its education, and for the status of its results.

  13. Information Technology and Art: Concepts and State of the Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Salah Uddin; Camerano, Cristoforo; Fortuna, Luigi; Frasca, Mattia; Jaccheri, Letizia

    The interaction between information technology (IT) and art is an increasing trend. Science, art and technology have been connected since the 60's, when scientists, artists, and inventors started to cooperate and use electronic instruments to create art. In 1960 Marshall McLuhan predicted the idea that the era of "machine-age" technology was next to close, and the electronic media were creating a new way to perform art [1]. The literature is full with examples of artists applying mathematics, robotic technology, and computing to the creation of art. The work in [2] is a good introduction to the merge of IT and art and introduces genetic art, algorithmic art, applications of complex systems and artificial intelligence. The intersection is drawing attention of people from diverse background and it is growing in size and scope. For these reasons, it is beneficiary for people interested in art and technology to know each other's background and interests well. In a multidisciplinary collaboration, the success depends on how well the different actors in the project collaborate and understand each other. See [3] for an introduction about multidisciplinary issues. Meyer and others in [4] explains the collaboration process between artists and technologists.

  14. The Buddha in the Digital Computer: Art and Technology in Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Edwin W.

    The novel, "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance" attempts to reconcile the dichotomy that exists between art and technology. The main character, Pirsig, believes that technology, or the making of things, is essentially art for two reasons: the Greeks never separated art from manufacture and real technology does not exploit nature.…

  15. Technological Literacy and the Liberal Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Edward A., Ed.

    1980-01-01

    Programs that illustrate the ways in which colleges and universities are helping students understand technological methods and issues are described. Some of the programs approach technological literacy from a humanities vantage point that integrates technology into the coursework, while others employ a strict technological approach that touches…

  16. The influence of fine art activities on satisfaction with life of the residents of the care home for elderly people

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this specialist thesis was to observe and evaluate the influence of fine art activities on satisfaction with life of the residents of the Care Home for Elderly people in Ljubljana. In this thesis I have tried to assess the impact that fine art activities, performed by the residents, had on their satisfaction with their lives. In my evaluation I have used the elements of the so-called action research, which is a qualitative method. Seven female clients voluntarily participated i...

  17. The Media Adoption Stage Model of Technology for Art Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Brent Christian

    2010-01-01

    This study examined survey data from professional credentialed members of the American Art Therapy Association and 8 follow up interviews to determine how art therapists adopt or reject technology and/or new digital media for therapeutic use with their clients. Using Rogers's (2003) "diffusion of innovation" model, the author identified a…

  18. Interactive Technologies in Musical and Arts Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Y. Glazyrina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper substantiates the introduction of interactive techniques in music and arts education, and analyzes the definitions of interactivity – a key term of the modern educational paradigm. Various interpretationsof interactivity and its components – interaction, communication, dia logue, polylogue, interpretation, reinterpretation, intonation, feelings, comprehension, generalization (reflection, and experience – are given. In the methodology context, the author traces out the similarity of interactive concepts in general didactics and the humanities knowledge (M. M. Bakhtin, V. S. Bibler, and maintains that the main components of interactive teaching include the basic categories of culture, art, music, and psychology of artistic perception and creativity. Therefore, similarity of the content and approach to interpreting the conceptual terminological apparatus of interactive education makes it possible to implement the interactive techniques in teaching the cycle of music and arts disciplines.

  19. Aesthetic Physics Education: A Symmetry Based, Physics and Fine Arts Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veen, Jatila; Lubin, P. M.; Cook-Gumperz, J.; Raley, J. D.; Mazur, E.

    2006-12-01

    Physics education research in the past two decades has focused almost entirely on pedagogical methods, but the curriculum content remains unchanged. In a recent editorial in Physics Today (July, 2006, p. 10) the ability of physicists to “imagine new realities” is correlated with what are traditionally considered non-scientific skills, including imagination and creativity, qualities which are usually associated with fine arts. In view of the new developments in physics of the 21st Century, the importance of developing creativity and imagination through education is gaining recognition. We are investigating the effectiveness of teaching introductory physics from the viewpoint of symmetry, including the foundations of General Relativity and modern cosmology, without the need for the full tensor treatment. We will pilot a new course at UCSB in Winter Quarter, 2007 entitled Symmetry and Aesthetics in Introductory Physics. Our pedagogical model is based on three premises: that the introductory curriculum needs to be modernized; that mathematics should be presented as a language; and that theoretical physics has, at its core, a great deal in common with music, art, and dance. In this talk we will present the contents of our new course, and the means by which we plan to evaluate it in comparison to “regular” introductory courses. It is our hope that this modernized and integrated approach to introductory physics can also serve as a course for future teachers of primary and secondary school. This work is supported by NASA grant #20070268 and the Planck Explorer Mission.

  20. THE RELATION BETWEEN ART AND TECHNOLOGY AND INSTAGRAM AS A DIGITAL ART EXAMPLE

    OpenAIRE

    TÜRKMENOĞLU, Harun

    2014-01-01

    From culture to art, technology is a powerful tool for the existence of today’s life styles. In today’s world the individualism is controlled by technology, which has its advantages and disadvantages but it is present in almost every social structures. It is possible to say that while technology became a facilitator and a regulator in everyday life, its scientific and artistic effect has led different discourses to emerge. Technology has shaped the 21st century. Especially as a medium in art...

  1. Technology Education in Taiwan: A Transition from Industrial Arts to Living Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lung-Sheng Steven

    Secondary-level technology education in Taiwan is shifting its emphasis from industrial arts to living technology in an effort to overcome the following problems: industrial arts is seen as a subordinate subject; the public's perceptions are not aligned with the field; and industrial technology teachers have had to struggle with huge class sizes…

  2. Technology transfer present and futures in the electronic arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Degger

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We are entering an era where creating the fantastical is possible in the arts. In the areas of mixed reality and biological arts, responsive works are created based on advances in basic science and technology. This is enabling scientists and artists to pose new questions. As the time between discovery and application is so short, artists need imaginative ways of accessing new technology in order to critique and use it.These are the new paints that the majority of artists cannot afford or access, technology to enable cloning of DNA, to print channels on a chip, to access proprietary 3G networks. Currently, partnerships or residencies are used to facilitate artist’s access to these technologies. What would they do if technology was available that enabled them to make any art work they so desire? Are the limitations in current technology an advantage rather than a disadvantage in some of their works? Does interaction with technologists make their work more robust? Are there disadvantages? How do they get access to the technology they require? Open source or proprietary? Or have they encountered the situation where their vision is greater than technology allows. When their work breaks because of this fact, is their art broken? Blast Theory (Brighton,UK, FoAM(Brussels, Belgium and Amsterdam, Netherlands, SymbioticA (Perth, Australia are organisations pushing technological boundaries in the service of art. This paper addresses some questions of technology transfer in relation to recent artworks, particularly I like Frank in Adelaide (Blast Theory, transient reality generators (trg (FoAM and Multi electrode array artist (MeART (SymbioticA.

  3. Examination of Strategies Fine Arts High School Students Use during the Practice and Learning of Instrumental Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uygun, Mehtap Aydiner; Kilinçer, Özlem

    2017-01-01

    Like every field of learning, it is important to use various strategies in instrumental music to learn it easily and permanently and to attain the skills to learn independently. This requires determining the strategies used by students studying instrument education. The purpose of this study was to examine the strategies fine arts high school…

  4. Art teaching idea of the fine arts teaching strategy%分析美术教学理念下的美术教学策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵金霞

    2015-01-01

    在美术教学中,现代美术教学理念具有非常关键的作用。美术教学理念的发展和创新要求美术教学策略也要随之发展。美术教学策略的创新需要从教学内容、教学情境以及教学手段这三个方面着手来丰富教学的方式和内容,增强美术教学的效果,推动教学质量的提升。%In the fine arts teaching, the teaching idea of modern art is the key role. Art teaching concept development and innovation requirements of the fine arts teaching strategies were developed. Art teaching strategy innovation needs from the teaching content and teaching means, teaching situation of these three aspects to enrich the teaching method and content, enhance the effect of art teaching, improving the quality of teaching.

  5. Sensors and Technologies in Spain: State-of-the-Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Pajares

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this special issue was to provide a comprehensive view on the state-of-the-art sensor technology in Spain. Different problems cause the appearance and development of new sensor technologies and vice versa, the emergence of new sensors facilitates the solution of existing real problems. [...

  6. A Learning Ecology Perspective: School Systems Sustaining Art Teaching with Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ching-Chiu

    2011-01-01

    Infusing technology into art education practice has been a continuous endeavor for preservice and in-service art teacher education. In recent years, art educators around the world have researched issues related to the preparation of art teacher technology competencies, including art teacher perceptions of working with technology, implementations…

  7. Neuroelectric brain imaging during a real visit of a fine arts gallery: a neuroaesthetic study of XVII century Dutch painters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babiloni, F; Cherubino, P; Graziani, I; Trettel, A; Infarinato, F; Picconi, D; Borghini, G; Maglione, A G; Mattia, D; Vecchiato, G

    2013-01-01

    Neuroaesthetic is a scientific discipline founded more than a decade ago and it refers to the study of the neural bases of beauty perception in art. The aim of this paper is to investigate the neuroelectrical correlates of brain activity of the observation of real paintings showed in a national fine arts gallery (Scuderie del Quirinale) in Rome, Italy. In fact, the present study was designed to examine how motivational factors as indexed by EEG asymmetry over the prefrontal cortex (relative activity of the left and right hemispheres) could be related to the experience of viewing a series of figurative paintings. The fine arts gallery was visited by a group of 25 subjects during an exhibition of the XVII century Dutch painters. Results suggested a strict correlation of the estimated EEG asymmetry with the verbal pleasantness scores reported by the subjects (p<0,05) and an inverse correlation of the perceived pleasantness with the observed painting's surface dimensions (p<0,002).

  8. The Application of Computer Technology in Art Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Xin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available After entering the twenty-first Century, computer technology has been greatly developed, applied in various fields gradually, and gained remarkable achievement. Computer technology not only is a project of great importance in China, but also cannot be ignored in the world. It has already attracted attention of numerous people, gradually integrated in daily life and closely related with it. Now how to apply it into more fields has been the main focus of our nation and also the topic we care about all the time. It is also an important project in our country to apply computer technology in art design in order to higher the art design quality. The purpose of this paper is to introduce people problems of the application of computer technology in art design, and find ways to promote cooperation and common development of them.

  9. A Different Perspective t o Fine Art High School Students i n Emotional Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Öznur TULUNAY ATEŞ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the emot ional intelligence of different high school students . To this end; EQ - NED and personal information form developed by the researcher were used to collect information about the variable in order to determine the emotional intelligence of the participating st udents to the research. In this study data were collected from a total of 439, 246 female and 193 male students through these scales . T he data were analyzed by using SPSS Windows 17.0 program . To evaluate the data , descriptive statistical methods (frequenc y, percentage, mean, standard deviation were used. Kruskal - Wallis H - test and Mann - Whitney U analysis test were usedas non - parametric hypothesis testing procedures. According to the r esearch results, the mean of the total score of emotional intelligence sho wed a significant difference in terms of school variables where the students study . In the study, EQ T, EQ 1, EQ 2 and EQ 3 scores of the students studying Fine Arts and Sports High School are found higher than the students studying in other high schools.

  10. Information technology strategic planning: art or science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutsell, Richard; Mancini-Newell, Lulcy

    2005-01-01

    It had been almost a decade since the hospitals that make up the Daughters of Charity Health System (DCHS) had engaged in a formal information technology strategic planning process. In the summer of 2002, as the health system re-formed, there was a unique opportunity to introduce a planning process that reflected the governance style of the new health system. DCHS embarked on this journey, with the CIO initiating and formally sponsoring the information technology strategic planning process in a dynamic and collaborative manner The system sought to develop a plan tailored to encompass both enterprise-wide and local requirements; to develop a governance model to engage the members of the local health ministries in plan development, both now and in the future; and to conduct the process in a manner that reflected the values of the Daughters of Charity. The DCHS CIO outlined a premise that the CIO would guide and be continuously involved in the development of this tailored process, in conjunction with an external resource. Together, there would be joint responsibility for introducing a flexible information technology strategic planning methodology; providing an education on the current state of healthcare IT, including future trends and success factors; facilitating support to tap into existing internal talent; cultivating a collaborative process to support both current requirements and future vision; and developing a well-functioning governance structure that would enable the plan to evolve and reflect user community requirements. This article highlights the planning process, including the lessons learned, the benchmarking during and in post-planning, and finally, but most importantly, the unexpected benefit that resulted from this planning process.

  11. Exploring Student Engagement and Collaborative Learning in a Community-Based Module in Fine Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John McGarrigle

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on masters research1 into student and civic engagement using a case study of an innovative Community Based Module in a Fine Art degree course (McGarrigle, 2009. 2 (Flyvbjerg, 2006 notes that contrary to some common misunderstandings around case study research, it is possible to use individual case study to test theory particularly in relation to falsification. The research presented here is based on student’s repsonses to Coates’ (2007 quantitative study of student engagement and attempts to test his engagement typology which identifies the terms passive, intense, independent or collaborative to apply to students’ approaches to online and general campus learning. In a participatory action research framework, low agreement was found between students (n=13 and lecturers (n=3 in assigning these terms to student postings to online discussion fora. This presents a challenge to the validity of such a narrow typology, and discussions with this student group suggested the addition of ‘adaptive’ as a valid student approach to the varied demands of third level learning. Further evidence from the case study found greater student collaboration in discussion fora when linked to practical course activity. Qualitative analysis of discussion threads using conversation analysis provided evidence for collaboration in deeper knowledge construction when supported by lecturers’ contributions. Collaborative approaches to learning may support learning within a social constructivist paradigm, though acknowledgement must be made of the context of an individualistic society where competition may present real or imagined barriers to student collaboration. An argument is made for Pedagogies for Community Engagement to promote these ways of learning to in order to develop active and engaged citizens of the future.

  12. Earth Forces: Contemporary Land Arts, Technology and New Materialist Aesthetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussi Parikka

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses recent art projects that are discussed under the notion of new materialist aesthetics. This term is used to elaborate connections between these projects and their methods and recent discussions of the nonhuman and posthuman philosophy.  The article also elaborates some positions in technological or 'media art' practices that work on hardware and infrastructure but also on the geophysical underpinnings of media. It expands on more geocentric perspectives in art and aesthetics through connecting a range of such projects by a contemporary artists including Martin Howse, Jonathan Kemp, Ryan Jordan, Terike Haapoja, Jamie Allen and David Gauthier to the body of land art (as represented by Robert Smithson and current new materialist discussions.

  13. Peace Poems and Picasso Doves: Literature, Art, Technology, and Poetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreillon, Judi

    Students and teachers employ think-aloud strategies as they read literature, compose poems, and create artwork related to the theme of peace. This unit is designed for collaborative teaching among classroom, art, and technology teachers, and school librarians. A single educator can also teach this unit. During nine and a half hours, plus…

  14. Desktop Simulation: Towards a New Strategy for Arts Technology Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eidsheim, Nina Sun

    2009-01-01

    For arts departments in many institutions, technology education entails prohibitive equipment costs, maintenance requirements and administrative demands. There are also inherent pedagogical challenges: for example, recording studio classes where, due to space and time constraints, only a few students in what might be a large class can properly…

  15. Rap and Technology Teach the Art of Argument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Rosalie

    2017-01-01

    How can teachers integrate rap and technology strategies to teach students with learning disabilities the art of persuasive argument writing? This teacher research study presents creative new approaches for teaching argument writing. Strategies used in the study helped college freshmen with learning disabilities (LD) succeed in developing…

  16. Art and Technology of Entertainment Computing and Communication

    CERN Document Server

    Cheok, Adrian David

    2010-01-01

    "Art and Technology of Entertainment Computing and Communication" takes a blue sky research perspective on the field of interactive media for entertainment computing. Adrian David Cheok argues that entertainment as an end-product is useful for interactive play, however it is also a powerful tool for learning and communication and it is also a key driver for the development of information technology. This book explores the future of entertainment technologies used for communication and describes quantum step research. It will inform and inspire readers to create their own radical inve

  17. Art education and contemporary practices: producing the relationship with art, science and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Miranda

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reflects on a project of production, development and understanding of educational mediation forms, targeted to teenagers, through a program based on the relationship between Arts, Science and Technology. These are actions that "parasitize" the contents of contemporary art proposals developed in a contemporary art space in the city of Montevideo. Relationships are established with such content, produced by "others”, in this case, artists and visual creators, to generate creative alternatives regarding new possibilities of meaning and representation. Analysis is proposed on the basis of a teaching laboratory condition and public mediation associated to contemporary artistic production, with a format linked to an educational curatorship of the exhibition under a visual culture perspective.

  18. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT, SEDIMENT SAMPLING TECHNOLOGY, ART'S MANUFACTURING, SPLIT CORE SAMPLER FOR SUBMERGED SEDIMENTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Split Core Sampler for Submerged Sediments (Split Core Sampler) designed and fabricated by Arts Manufacturing & Supply, Inc., was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in April and May 1999 at ...

  19. Arts and technology - Mosaic new techniques and procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papiu, G. A.; Suciu, N.

    2017-05-01

    The relationship between art and technique has been along the time one that is inseparable and systematic, artists appealing to various technologies, tools and practices that help them stimulate their imagination. Today there is a new category of artists, coming from a technical or scientific field, that are being 'trapped’ in this ‘game of art”. The mosaic, even if it is an old technique, responded to the social requirements and it evolved over time, being constantly related to aesthetic and artistic thinking, discoveries of science, assimilating permanent new techniques and technologies, diversifying its artistic forms of expression and methods of transposition. Not being bound any more to a religious institution, which was its birth place, today, she migrated to all public spaces. Works of art in public space have become today an active factor in reshaping the urban aesthetic landscape.

  20. Modelling and simulation SSM: latest state of the art technology

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Jahajeeah, N

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available during filling stage Supporting the Manufacturing and Materials Industry in its quest for global competitiveness ? Shear rate history important factor in design and casting processes ? Viscosity decreases over time after applied shear rate ? Ideally... and Materials Industry in its quest for global competitiveness Modelling and Simulation SSM Latest state of the art technology N Jahajeeah Supporting the Manufacturing and Materials Industry in its quest for global competitiveness BEHAVIOUR OF THIXOTROPIC...

  1. Solar sail technology-A state of the art review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Bo; Sperber, Evan; Eke, Fidelis

    2016-10-01

    In this paper, the current state of the art of solar sail technology is reviewed. Solar sail research is quite broad and multi-disciplinary; this paper focuses mainly on areas such as solar sail dynamics, attitude control, design and deployment, and mission and trajectory analysis. Special attention is given to solar radiation pressure force modeling and attitude dynamics. Some basics of solar sailing which would be very useful for a new investigator in the area are also presented. Technological difficulties and current challenges in solar sail system design are identified, and possible ideas for future research in the field are also discussed.

  2. X-ray fluorescence - a non-destructive tool in investigation of Czech fine and applied art objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trojek, T.; Musílek, L.

    2017-08-01

    A brief review of application of X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRFA) to fine and applied arts related to Czech cultural heritage is presented. The Department of Dosimetry and Application of Ionising Radiation of CTU-FNSPE has used XRFA in collaboration with various Czech institutions dealing with cultural history for many kinds of artefacts, (e.g., Roman and medieval brass, gemstones and noble metals from the sceptre of one of the faculties of the Charles University in Prague, millefiori beads, etc.). In some cases, a combination of various other techniques alongside XRFA was used for enhancing our knowledge of a measured object.

  3. Comics Journalism and Fine Art: War, Massacre, and The Individual, in works of Pieter Bruegel, Joe Sacco and Otto Dix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Owj

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available As a pioneer of Comics Journalism, Joe Sacco’s works have been linked to conflict studies, migration, education, and so on. But despite references that Sacco makes to 16th Century master painter, Pieter Bruegel, and 20th century New Objectivity painter Otto Dix in his interviews, there have been few studies on the potential link between comics of Sacco and works of these masters of fine art. In this study I explore this connection by examining the questions of war, individuality and portrayal of massacre in paintings of Bruegel and Dix and journalistic comics of Sacco. My greater aim is to demonstrate the potential of further comparative studies between arts and comics journalism, especially between Renaissance and modern artists.

  4. Art and Informatics: Creating Interdisciplinarity for a Complex Technological Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Fiad Farias

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents some reflections on a teaching practice shared between the disciplines of Art and Informatics in a professional school of education in Brazil. It addresses the initial concerns of teachers regarding comprehensive education, aroused while carrying out an activity common to both areas: teaching contemporary art by means of video-art. Then the methodology of the work done is addressed, as the shared lessons were given simultaneously by the two teachers, and a discussion on the issues addressed by the students -namely violence, consumerism and integration into the school environment- is done. Authors like Ana Mae Barbosa and Viviane Mosé, who argue and reflect on the challenges of contemporary education concerning the interests of pupils today, are then studied. The analysis of the videos produced by the students from the perspective of their technical, aesthetic and artistic quality allows us to problematize significant learning opportunities that integration between the two areas of Art and Informatics brings for teaching young people, an age group whose interest in new media and technologies is highly relevant.

  5. Technology in precision viticulture: a state of the art review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matese A

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Alessandro Matese,1 Salvatore Filippo Di Gennaro1,2 1Institute of Biometeorology, National Research Council (IBIMET-CNR, Florence, Italy; 2Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy Abstract: Precision viticulture aims to maximize the oenological potential of vineyards. This is especially true in regions where the high quality standards of wine production justify the adoption of site-specific management practices to simultaneously increase both quality and yield. The introduction of new technologies for supporting vineyard management allows the efficiency and quality of production to be improved and, at the same time, reduces the environmental impact. The rapid evolution of information communication technologies and geographical science offers enormous potential for the development of optimized solutions for distributed information for precision viticulture. Recent technological developments have allowed useful tools to be elaborated that help in the monitoring and control of many aspects of vine growth. Precision viticulture thus seeks to exploit the widest range of available observations to describe the vineyard spatial variability with high resolution, and provide recommendations to improve management efficiency in terms of quality, production, and sustainability. This review presents a brief outline of state of the art of technologies in precision viticulture. It is divided in two sections, the first focusing on monitoring technologies such as geolocating and remote and proximal sensing; the second focuses on variable-rate technologies and the new agricultural robots. Keywords: remote sensing, proximal sensing, variable-rate technology, robot 

  6. Ocular Manifestations in Infants Resulted from Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, many infertile couples can have child by assistant reproductive technology (ART. Always the undesirable effects of these methods on newborn are considered and are evaluated. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of ART on ocular and visual performances of infants born by these methods.In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 479 infants aged three-nine months presented to an optometry clinic of Child Health and Development Research Department (CHDRD, Tehran, Iran. Static retinoscopy, qualitative fixation evaluation, Hirschberg test, red reflex assessment and external eye examination were carried out. Other information such as birth weight and maturity of the infants was recorded.It was possible to assess only 320 out of 479 infants due to general condition of some participants. Comparison of mean refractive error in infants' right and left eyes did not show any significant difference. Our findings confirmed that 20.3% had poor fixation, while 2.9% revealed manifest strabismus. The results also revealed the prevalences of myopia, hyperopia and emmetropia are 2.9%, 87%, and 10.1%, respectively. Red reflex abnormalities were significantly found in boys and in preterm infants (p < 0.05. Failure of fixation control was seen more frequently with increasing refractive error, which significantly developed in preterm infants (p < 0.001.These results reflect the necessity of more comprehensive assessments and further follow-up of infants born by ART, especially for premature male ART infants. These results also suggest the probability of fixation condition and visual deficiencies in these infants. It is recommended to pay close attention to this preliminary report about the refractive and fixation condition of the infants born after ART.

  7. Early Sámi visual artists - Western fine art meets Sámi culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuija Hautala-Hirvioja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Johan Turi (1854–1936, Nils Nilsson Skum (1872–1951 and John Savio (1902–1938 were among the first Sámi visual artists. The production of their art work occurred between the 1910s and the early 1950s. Sámi aesthetics had its basis in folklore, i.e., handicraft or duodji, which did not follow the principle of art for art’s sake but combined beauty and practicality. Art was part of community life. Not until the 1970s was the word daidda, which is Finnish in origin and which means “art”, adopted into the Sámi language. Turi and Skum became famous through their books. They drew and wrote in order to pass the traditional knowledge of their people on to succeeding generations. They also wanted to introduce Sámi life and culture to non-Sámi people. One typical feature of their work is that they depicted Sáminess in a realistic way and sought to strengthen and preserve the Sámi identity through their art. In Turi and Skum’s work, both the documentation of community life and their own personal expression were strongly present and equally important; for this reason their pictures and texts have both practical and aesthetic dimensions. They did not attend school and were self-taught artists. The third pioneer of Sámi visual arts was John Savio, who, unlike the other two, attended secondary school and studied visual arts both independently and under the guidance of a mentor. He expressively combined Western ways of depiction with Sámi subjects. My article examines what made these early Sámi artists change over from Sámi handicraft, duodji, to Western visual arts, how they used Western pictorial conventions in dealing with their Sámi subjects, and the significance of their art for Sámi identity and culture. They lived and worked under cross pressure: the first few decades of the 20th century were characterized by racial theories that denigrated Sámi people, and the period following World War II was marked by demands for

  8. Franz Joseph Gall on greatness in the fine arts: A collaboration of multiple cortical faculties of mind.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eling, Paul; Finger, Stanley

    2015-10-01

    Although Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) is well known for his organology, i.e., his theory of cortical localization of function largely derived from skull features, little has been written about his ideas pertaining to specific faculties other than speech, and even less attention has been drawn to how the individual faculties might work together in specific situations. Our focus shall be on how Franz Joseph Gall viewed the fine arts, with special emphasis on what one must possess to be outstanding in this field, which he associated with perceiving and understanding relationships, and several higher faculties of mind, including color, "constructiveness," locality, and recognizing people. How these faculties are utilized, he tells us, will vary with whether an artist does portraits, landscapes, historical scenes, still life compositions, etc., as well as with the selected medium (e.g., oil paints, sketching on paper, stones to be carved). To put Gall's thoughts about the fine arts in context, brief mention will be made of his scientific career, his guiding philosophy, the questions he most wanted to answer, what he construed as "evidence," how he eliminated the soul or "controller" from his system, and how he presented his work to the public. Some comparisons will be made to what he wrote about having a talent for music.

  9. Art of hydrogen technology: review; Arte da tecnologia do hidrogenio - revisao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capaz, Rafael Silva; Marvulle, Valdecir [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais

    2006-07-01

    The era we live in, since many years ago is called 'petroleum age', because still depends on 'black gold'. It is known however that petroleum will be over on day. This could justify the growing research into new energy sources which appear as renewable alternatives and with less environmental impact. The hydrogen technology art, increasingly nowadays, involves production steps since gasification reactions to thermal decomposition, storage in gas, liquid and intermediary compounds state, transportation and still its use especially in fuel cells. (author)

  10. Role and Influence of Basic Fine Arts Education in the LA School of BFU%北林园林学院美术基础的作用及影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫晓滨

    2012-01-01

      以作者的从业经验视角,简要回顾了北京林业大学园林学院美术教学的发展历程,介绍了各个课程的内容、形成与发展,以及与园林专业的关系与内在联系。就园林美术的作用与影响,作者本着绘画艺术的基本观念,从“艺术与技术”、“形象与逻辑”、“想象与创造”3个角度,简述了其看法与思考,并对园林美术创作与教学以及园林设计人才培养的发展方向提出其独到的见解。%  With a review of the Fine Arts education in the School of landscape architecture of Beijing Forestry University, this paper introduces the Fine Arts teaching contents and its relationship with the landscape architecture major. It also elaborates the relationship between art and technology, image and logic as well as imagination and innovation and proposes some suggestions on the development of the Fine Arts Teaching and Landscape Design Professionals Training Program.

  11. Technology Corner: Dating of Electronic Hardware for Prior Art Investigations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sellam Ismail

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In many legal matters, specifically patent litigation, determining and authenticating the date of computer hardware or other electronic products or components is often key to establishing the item as legitimate evidence of prior art. Such evidence can be used to buttress claims of technologies available or of events transpiring by or at a particular date.In 1945, the Electronics Industry Association published a standard, EIA 476-A, standardized in the reference Source and Date Code Marking (Electronic Industries Association, 1988.(see PDF for full tech corner

  12. Science education reform in an elementary school: An investigation of collaboration and inquiry in a school with an emphasis on language arts and fine arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martini, Mariana

    This investigation was framed within the science education reform, which proposes to change the way science is taught and promotes the implementation of inquiry-based teaching approaches. The implementation of inquiry science teaching represents a move away from traditional didactic teaching styles, a transition that requires change in the assumptions underlying the philosophy of traditional science instruction. Another theme in the reform literature is the establishment of collaboration between teachers and researchers or scientists as a way to implement reform practices. Situated within this reform climate, this research aimed to investigate science education at an elementary school with a history of implementing reform ideas in the areas of language arts and fine arts. I employed an ethnographic methodology to examine the nature of a teacher-researcher relationship in the context of the school's culture and teachers' practices. The findings indicate that change was not pervasive. Reform ideas were implemented only in the areas of language arts and fine arts. Situated within a district that promoted an accountability climate, the school disregarded science education and opposed the use of constructivist-based pedagogies, and did not have a strong science program. Since science was not tested, teachers spent little (if any) time teaching science. All participants firmly perceived the existence of several barriers to the implementation of inquiry: (a) lack of time: teachers spent excessive time to prepare students for tests, (b) nature of science teaching: materials and set preparation, (c) lack of content knowledge, (d) lack of pedagogical content knowledge, and (e) lack of opportunities to develop professional knowledge. In spite of the barriers, the school had two assets: an outdoor facility and two enthusiastic teachers who were lead science teachers, in spite of the their lack of content and pedagogical science knowledge. Collaboration between the researcher

  13. Evaluating the Fine Arts Program at the Center for Excellence in Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlosnagle, Leo; McBean, Amanda L.; Cutlip, Milisa; Panzironi, Helen; Jarmolowicz, David P.

    2014-01-01

    Art programs for people with disabilities may encourage creativity, promote engagement, emphasize inclusion, and extend access and opportunities for community involvement. This mixed methods study utilized quantitative and qualitative data, repeated measures, action research, and stakeholder collaboration to develop and implement an evaluation…

  14. MFA Connections: Three Themes for Teacher-Guided Visits to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, Allison; And Others

    This teacher resource packet encourages exploration of history and culture through art images. The packet consists of three units: "Daily Life around the World," which explores the rituals of daily life in ancient Egypt, China, and Greece, as well as colonial and turn-of-the-century America. "Images of Power," examines the nature of power and its…

  15. Differences in Meta-Aesthetic Consciousness in Students Taking Fine Arts, Design and Academy Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tataroglu, Eylem

    2016-01-01

    Meta-aesthetics is the aesthetic field relating to the images of products where the conversion value, separate from the product's function, takes part directly in its value. Meta-aesthetics is among the subjects that today's art and design world must address more sensitively. This study was based on a 2009 dissertation measuring university…

  16. Beyond the Veil: Learning to Teach Fine Arts in a Muslim Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepin-Wakefield, Yvonne

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author shares her experiences and challenges in teaching university-level studio art classes for Muslim women in Kuwait. In Kuwait, popular interpretations of the "Quran" (the Koran), the Muslim holy book, prohibit the use of nude models. The author describes how she had to find alternatives to Western tried and true…

  17. MFA Connections: Three Themes for Teacher-Guided Visits to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote, Allison; And Others

    This teacher resource packet encourages exploration of history and culture through art images. The packet consists of three units: "Daily Life around the World," which explores the rituals of daily life in ancient Egypt, China, and Greece, as well as colonial and turn-of-the-century America. "Images of Power," examines the…

  18. The work of art in a digital age art, technology and globalisation

    CERN Document Server

    Langdon, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    Presents an in-depth exploration of how digital art can articulate globalization's human affects Describes how digital art can facilitate and generate new understandings of globalization and analyzes how digital art's discursive function is similar to earlier art forms Illustrates globalization's impacts on digital artists and digital art practices through a close examination of a broad range of international artworks

  19. Process and Economic Feasibility of Using Composting Technology to Treat Waste Nitrocellulose Fines

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-31

    Clasification ) | NPROCESS AVND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF USING COMPOSTING TECHNOLOGY TO TREAT WASTE NITROCELI,.JLOSE PINES . PERSONAL. AUT-1e)R(S) .. C...tons of high protein horse feed, 254 tons of sawdust, 1414 tons of sewage sludge, and 300 tons of alfalfa. The compost retention time required to destroy...operative. (b) High- protein horse feed, $240/ton quoted from same source as I alfalfa above. Composting Technology to U.S. Army Treat Waste NC Fines 3-19

  20. Keeping up with Our Students: The Evolution of Technology and Standards in Art Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Ryan M.; Buffington, Melanie L.

    2016-01-01

    This article addresses the standards of technology in the visual arts, arguing the standards function as de facto policy, the guidelines that shape what teachers teach. In this study, we investigate how art education standards approach technology as a teaching tool and artmaking medium, analyzing the current National Visual Arts Standards, the…

  1. Unleashing Lessons: Sharing Stories About the Fine Art of Systems Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Christopher E.

    2010-01-01

    NASA leaders have a responsibility to share their unique oral histories with junior-level employees on whom NASA's future depends. This presentation will give a few examples of how the imaginative, flexible art of systems engineering is as necessary to mission success as is the rigorous, disciplined side of engineering. Engineering space systems involves many disciplines propulsion, loads, dynamics, and so forth that are based on the foundations of scientific principles and methodology and the application of the laws of physics. The term rocket scientist is an apt term, considering that the underlying chemical properties of propellants and the subatomic properties of materials must be understood to harness the powerful energy necessary to escape Earth's gravity in machines that can withstand the stresses and forces to which they are subjected, not to mention the harsh space environments in which they must work. This is a simplistic, yet illustrative, explanation of the scientific side of the engineer s challenge. Bringing together these individual parts into a solid system goes beyond the science of engineering to employ the art of systems engineering. Systems engineers are known for their ability to integrate various solutions to meet or exceed challenging requirements. As the old adage goes, measure twice and cut once. The act of measuring is balancing rigid, inflexible requirements with creative compromises to attain the optimum solution to the challenge of space flight. Then, we cut out those answers that are too risky, expensive, dangerous, and so forth. The process of sharing stories about the little-discussed art of engineering, also known as the art of compromise, will equip the workforce to subjectively judge the best right answer from among the many presented, while objectively integrating the various piece parts into a unified whole.

  2. Unleashing Lessons: Sharing Stories About the Fine Art of Systems Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Christopher E.

    2010-01-01

    NASA leaders have a responsibility to share their unique oral histories with junior-level employees on whom NASA's future depends. This presentation will give a few examples of how the imaginative, flexible art of systems engineering is as necessary to mission success as is the rigorous, disciplined side of engineering. Engineering space systems involves many disciplines propulsion, loads, dynamics, and so forth that are based on the foundations of scientific principles and methodology and the application of the laws of physics. The term rocket scientist is an apt term, considering that the underlying chemical properties of propellants and the subatomic properties of materials must be understood to harness the powerful energy necessary to escape Earth's gravity in machines that can withstand the stresses and forces to which they are subjected, not to mention the harsh space environments in which they must work. This is a simplistic, yet illustrative, explanation of the scientific side of the engineer s challenge. Bringing together these individual parts into a solid system goes beyond the science of engineering to employ the art of systems engineering. Systems engineers are known for their ability to integrate various solutions to meet or exceed challenging requirements. As the old adage goes, measure twice and cut once. The act of measuring is balancing rigid, inflexible requirements with creative compromises to attain the optimum solution to the challenge of space flight. Then, we cut out those answers that are too risky, expensive, dangerous, and so forth. The process of sharing stories about the little-discussed art of engineering, also known as the art of compromise, will equip the workforce to subjectively judge the best right answer from among the many presented, while objectively integrating the various piece parts into a unified whole.

  3. Computer analysis of lighting style in fine art: steps towards inter-artist studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stork, David G.

    2011-03-01

    Stylometry in visual art-the mathematical description of artists' styles - has been based on a number of properties of works, such as color, brush stroke shape, visual texture, and measures of contours' curvatures. We introduce the concept of quantitative measures of lighting, such as statistical descriptions of spatial coherence, diuseness, and so forth, as properties of artistic style. Some artists of the high Renaissance, such as Leonardo, worked from nature and strove to render illumination "faithfully" photorealists, such as Richard Estes, worked from photographs and duplicated the "physics based" lighting accurately. As such, each had dierent motivations, methodologies, stagings, and "accuracies" in rendering lighting clues. Perceptual studies show that observers are poor judges of properties of lighting in photographs such as consistency (and thus by extension in paintings as well); computer methods such as rigorous cast-shadow analysis, occluding-contour analysis and spherical harmonic based estimation of light fields can be quite accurate. For this reasons, computer lighting analysis can provide a new tools for art historical studies. We review lighting analysis in paintings such as Vermeer's Girl with a pearl earring, de la Tour's Christ in the carpenter's studio, Caravaggio's Magdalen with the smoking flame and Calling of St. Matthew) and extend our corpus to works where lighting coherence is of interest to art historians, such as Caravaggio's Adoration of the Shepherds or Nativity (1609) in the Capuchin church of Santa Maria degli Angeli. Our measure of lighting coherence may help reveal the working methods of some artists and in diachronic studies of individual artists. We speculate on artists and art historical questions that may ultimately profit from future renements to these new computational tools.

  4. Introduction to the Special Issue on "State-of-the-Art Sensor Technology in Japan 2015".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokumitsu, Masahiro; Ishida, Yoshiteru

    2016-08-23

    This Special Issue, "State-of-the-Art Sensor Technology in Japan 2015", collected papers on different kinds of sensing technology: fundamental technology for intelligent sensors, information processing for monitoring humans, and information processing for adaptive and survivable sensor systems.[...].

  5. [Identification of fine wool and cashmere by using Vis/NIR spectroscopy technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Gui-fang; Zhu, Deng-sheng; He, Yong

    2008-06-01

    . The result indicated that a model had been built to discriminate cashmere from fine wool using Vis/NIR spectra method combined with PCA-BP technology.

  6. Chinese Fine Art of the 3rd Century: On the Initial Stage of Development of Painting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Prasolova

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper summarizes the extant written data on Chinese painting on silk in the initial century of the Period of Disunion (Six Dynasties, Liu chao, III–VI A.D., known as the Sanguo (220–280 and the Western Jin (265–317 epochs. While it is scattered among diverse sources, it is mainly in the Lidai minghua ji treatise of Zhang Yanyuan (ca. 810–ca. 990. An analysis of accounts of individual masters and their creative activities attempts to reconstruct the probable artistic and essential features of pieces of art lost afterwards, offering a novel explanation of the initial stage of the formative process of an important genre of composition in Chinese painting and culture.

  7. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies: Froth flotation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-01-01

    A study conducted by Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center of sulfur emissions from about 1,300 United States coal-fired utility boilers indicated that half of the emissions were the result of burning coals having greater than 1.2 pounds of SO[sub 2] per million BTU. This was mainly attributed to the high pyritic sulfur content of the boiler fuel. A significant reduction in SO[sub 2] emissions could be accomplished by removing the pyrite from the coals by advanced physical fine coal cleaning. An engineering development project was prepared to build upon the basic research effort conducted under a solicitation for research into Fine Coal Surface Control. The engineering development project is intended to use general plant design knowledge and conceptualize a plant to utilize advanced froth flotation technology to process coal and produce a product having maximum practical pyritic sulfur reduction consistent with maximum practical BTU recovery.

  8. On the Cultivation Education of College Students of Fine Arts--Take Fine Arts College of Chengdu University as an example%美术类大学生养成教育的思考--以成都大学美术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡忠浩

    2016-01-01

    美术类大学生养成教育对于大学生培养良好的习惯,促进美术类大学生综合素质的提升有着重要意义,笔者以成都大学美术学院实施养成教育的实践经验为依托,思考美术类大学生养成教育的一些挑战和经验。%Education for college students to cultivate good habits, to promote the comprehensive quality of students of fine arts has a important significance to form fine arts college students, the author in the school of fine arts of Chengdu University implementation on fostering education in the process of practical experience to rely on, thinking about some challenges and experiences of art students' cultivation education.

  9. Identification of fine wool and cashmere by Vis/NIR spectroscopy technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guifang; He, Yong

    2008-03-01

    As a rapid and non-destructive methodology, near infrared spectroscopy technique has been paid much attention recently. This paper presents an automatic recognition scheme for the fine wool fiber and cashmere fiber by Vis/NIR spectroscopy technique, aim at the characteristics of Vis/NIR spectra on cashmere and fine wool. One mixed algorithm was presented to discriminate cashmere and fine wool with principal component analysis (PCA) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Preliminary qualitative analysis model has been built: We adopt Vis/NIRS spectroscopy diffuse techniques to collect the spectral data of cashmere and fine wool, two kinds of data pretreatment methods were applied: the standard normal variate (SNV) was used as scatter correction. Savitzky-Golay with the segment size 3 was used as the smoothing way to decrease the noise processed. Followed the pretreatment, spectral data were processed using principal component analysis, 6 principal components (PCs) were selected based on the reliabilities of PCs of 99.8%, the scores of these 6 PCs would be taken as the input of the three-layer back-propagation (BP) artificial neural network (BP-ANN). Trained the BP-ANN with samples in calibration collection and predicted the samples in prediction collection. Experiments demonstrate that the system works quickly and effectively, and has remarkable advantages in comparison with the previous systems, The result indicted a model had been built to discriminate cashmere from fine wool using Vis/NIR spectra method combined with PCA-BP technology. The model works well, which indicates that this kind of approach is effective and promising, can raise resolution of cashmere and fine wool.

  10. 美术学专业外出写生教学之我见%My Perspective of Drawing in Natural Setting by Fine Arts Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建民

    2011-01-01

    Drawing in natural setting occupies an important position in the objectives of training of fine arts majors. A systematic exploration and study are made of drawing in natural setting by fine arts majors on the basis of my teaching practicum in terms of drawing in natural setting by fine arts majors. There formed a whole feasible set of methods and measures in the implementation of teaching organization, which has more intense immediate significance in the guiding of fine arts major teaching and the standadization of the administration of artistic teaching.%外出写生在美术学专业培养目标中占据着重要的位置,在近几年写外写生教学实践基础上,对外出写生教学进行了系统探索与研究。形成了一整套行之有效的教学组织实施的方法和措施。对指导美术学专业教学、规范艺术教学管理具有较强的现实意义。

  11. Boxes with Fires: Wisely Integrating Learning Technologies into the Art Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Diane C.

    2009-01-01

    By integrating and infusing computer learning technologies wisely into student-centered or social constructivist art learning environments, art educators can improve student learning and at the same time provide a creative, substantive model for how schools can and should be reformed. By doing this, art educators have an opportunity to demonstrate…

  12. Development of a security system for assisted reproductive technology (ART).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hur, Yong Soo; Ryu, Eun Kyung; Park, Sung Jin; Yoon, Jeong; Yoon, San Hyun; Yang, Gi Deok; Hur, Chang Young; Lee, Won Don; Lim, Jin Ho

    2015-01-01

    In the field of assisted reproductive technology (ART), medical accidents can result in serious legal and social consequences. This study was conducted to develop a security system (called IVF-guardian; IG) that could prevent mismatching or mix-ups in ART. A software program was developed in collaboration with outside computer programmers. A quick response (QR) code was used to identify the patients, gametes and embryos in a format that was printed on a label. There was a possibility that embryo development could be affected by volatile organic components (VOC) in the printing material and adhesive material in the label paper. Further, LED light was used as the light source to recognize the QR code. Using mouse embryos, the effects of the label paper and LED light were examined. The stability of IG was assessed when applied in clinical practice after developing the system. A total of 104 cycles formed the study group, and 82 cycles (from patients who did not want to use IG because of safety concerns and lack of confidence in the security system) to which IG was not applied comprised the control group. Many of the label paper samples were toxic to mouse embryo development. We selected a particular label paper (P touch label) that did not affect mouse embryo development. The LED lights were non-toxic to the development of the mouse embryos under any experimental conditions. There were no differences in the clinical pregnancy rates between the IG-applied group and the control group (40/104 = 38.5 % and 30/82 = 36.6 %, respectively). The application of IG in clinical practice did not affect human embryo development or clinical outcomes. The use of IG reduces the misspelling of patient names. Using IG, there was a disadvantage in that each treatment step became more complicated, but the medical staff improved and became sufficiently confident in ART to offset this disadvantage. Patients who received treatment using the IG system also went through a somewhat

  13. On the Infiltration of Moral Education into Primary School Fine Arts Teaching%小学美术教学中的德育参透

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵继强; 刘建全

    2015-01-01

    德为人之本,德,就是人的德性,德性是灵魂的力量,司马光说:“才是德之资,德是才之帅。”但丁说:“道德常常可以填补智慧的缺陷,而智慧却永远填补不了道德的缺陷。”而在美术课教学中对学生进行德育渗透,培养了学生的德性,加强了他们灵魂的力量。美术教师应该将美术课程同德育工作结合起来,营造德育的氛围,努力挖掘美术教学中蕴含的丰富的德育资源,将德育渗透到美术教学中。%Morality, namely moral conduct, is the foundation of a person and the power of the soul. Sima Guang said that talent and learning is the capital of morality while morality is the leader of talent and learning. Dante said that morality can often fill the flaw of wisdom while wisdom cannot ever fill the flaw of morality. The infiltration of moral education into fine arts teaching can cultivate students' moral conduct and strengthen the power of their souls. Fine arts teachers should integrate fine arts course with moral e-ducation, establish an atmosphere for moral education, and strive to develop the rich resources for moral education embodied in fine arts teaching, thereby infiltrate moral education into fine arts teaching.

  14. Digital Images in Teaching and Learning at York University: Are the Libraries Meeting the Needs of Faculty Members in Fine Arts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Kandiuk

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study assessed the needs for digital image delivery to facultymembers in Fine Arts at York University in order to ensure that future decisionsregarding the provision of digital images offered through commercial vendors andlicensed by the Libraries meet the needs of teaching faculty.Methods – The study was comprised of four parts. A Web survey was distributed to62 full-time faculty members in the Faculty of Fine Arts in February of 2011. A total of25 responses were received. Follow-up interviews were conducted with nine facultymembers. Usage statistics were examined for licensed library image databases. Arequest was posted on the electronic mail lists of the Art Libraries Society of NorthAmerica (ARLIS-L and the Art Libraries Society of North America Canada Chapter(CARLIS-L in April 2011 requesting feedback regarding the use of licensed imagedatabases. There were 25 responses received.Results – Licensed image databases receive low use and pose pedagogical andtechnological challenges for the majority of the faculty members in Fine Arts that wesurveyed. Relevant content is the overriding priority, followed by expediency and convenience, which take precedence over copyright and cleared permissions, resulting in a heavy reliance on Google Images Search.Conclusions – The needs of faculty members in Fine Arts who use digital images in their teaching at York University are not being met. The greatest shortcomings of licensed image databases provided by the Libraries are the content and technical challenges, which impede the ability of faculty to fully exploit them. Issues that need to be resolved include the lack of contemporary and Canadian content, training and support, and organizational responsibility for the provision of digital images and support for the use of digital images.

  15. Contemporary experimental aesthetics: State of the art technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locher, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this essay is to provide the reader with a brief overview of several recent person-artifact-context relational models that explain the complex interaction of the processes that underlie an ongoing aesthetic experience with visual art forms. Recent progress towards a comprehensive understanding of these processes has been made possible in large part by experimental approaches that take advantage of recent advances in computer technology and electronic sophistication. To illustrate this point, three experimental techniques at the forefront of the field of experimental aesthetics are highlighted here. They include the investigation of viewers- body postural adjustments to depicted pictorial depth and movement in paintings; the use of hand-held computers known as personal data assistants to record audience members- on-going emotional reactions to live performances of dance; and the contribution of audio tour information to museum visitors- interaction with and aesthetic evaluation of sculptures and paintings. Finally, the eMotion: Mapping Museum Experience project, which has the potential to make a tremendous contribution to the understanding of the complex interaction of factors that contribute to a museum visitor's experience, is described.

  16. Artfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2011-01-01

    a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children.......a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children....

  17. Artfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    2011-01-01

    a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children.......a collage of previously published materials on Artfulness, in this journal targeted teachers for dysfunctional behaviour children....

  18. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies: Froth flotation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-01-01

    An engineering development project was prepared to build upon the basic research effort conducted under a solicitation for research into Fine Coal Surface Control. The engineering development project is intended to use general plant design knowledge and conceptualize a plant to utilize advanced froth flotation technology to process coal and produce a product having maximum practical pyritic sulfur reduction consistent with maximum practical BTU recovery. This is being accomplished by utilization the basic research data on the surface properties of coal, mineral matter and pyrite obtained from the Coal Surface Control for Advanced Fine Coal Flotation Project, to develop this conceptual flowsheet. The conceptual flowsheet must be examined to identify critical areas that need additional design data. This data will then be developed using batch and semi-continuous bench scale testing. In addition to actual bench scale testing other unit operations from other industries processing fine material will be reviewed for potential application and incorporated into the design if appropriate. 31 figs., 22 tabs.

  19. A Fine Arts Residency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggs, Patricia L.

    1982-01-01

    A four-week writer-in-residence program designed to stimulate the creativity of K-5 students was held in the Briar Glen Library Media Center, Wheaton, Illinois, with poet Joan Colby. This description of the program includes information on planning, funding, and future plans. (CHC)

  20. Geometry Projects Linking Mathematics, Literacy, Art, and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Catherine

    1999-01-01

    Describes a geometry project for students using the Geometer's Sketchpad. Students choose from constructing an instruction manual, writing and illustrating a children's picture book, or creating a piece of art in the Escher style. (ASK)

  1. 谈高职建筑装饰专业的美术教学%The fine arts teaching of Decoration Engineering major at higher vocational colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖晓玲

    2009-01-01

    Fine arts lesson plays an important role in the major of Architectural Decoration in higher vocational education. In the new situation, the fine arts teaching of Architectural Decoration major is facing new challenge and difficulties. In this paper, according to the current situation of Architectural Decoration major, the talents training pattern is probed here. The teachers of fine arts lessons must improve their own qualities, innovate and improve the teaching method, so as to sharpen the Architectural Decoration majors' synthesizing capacity.%美术课在高职建筑装饰专业中有着重要的地位.新形势新情况下,根据建筑装饰专业现状探析高职建筑装饰专业美术课的人才培养模式,高职建筑装饰美术教学工作面临着新的挑战和困难.建筑装饰美术课教师必须提高自身素质,对教学方法进行创新和改进,以提高建筑装饰专业学生的综合能力.

  2. Creating Meaningful Art Experiences with Assistive Technology for Students with Physical, Visual, Severe, and Multiple Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Mari Beth; Cramer, Elizabeth Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    Various levels of assistive technology can be used in the art classroom to provide a fulfilling artmaking experience for all levels of learners. The purpose of this article is to add to the body of knowledge by providing ideas generated from collaboration between the fields of special education and art education that the authors feel will benefit…

  3. Promising Practices in Higher Education: Art Education and Human Rights Using Information, Communication Technologies (ICT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Joanna; Cap, Orest

    2014-01-01

    Promising pedagogical practices is described in relation to incorporating ICT (Information, Communication and Technologies) with the study of Human Rights issues in Visual Arts Education for teacher candidates. As part of a course, "Senior Years Art," students at the Faculty of Education, University of Manitoba during 2013-2014…

  4. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal - Vol 2, No 4 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal - Vol 2, No 4 (2013) ... Synteny Approach of Drug Target Prediction among Unique Hypothetical Proteins ... Family's regarding Child Nutrition (under 5 years of age) in Nekemte Town, Ethiopia ...

  5. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment in women with schizophrenia or related psychotic disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ebdrup, Ninna H; Assens, Maria; Hougaard, Charlotte O

    2014-01-01

    To determine the prevalence rate of women with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or related psychotic disorder in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and to study these women's fertility treatment outcome in comparison to women with no psychotic disorders....

  6. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal - Vol 4, No 2 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal - Vol 4, No 2 (2015) ..... The Perception of Prospective Teachers toward Stakeholders' Experience in Practicum: The ... Analysis of Factors Affecting Watermelon Production in Ekiti State, Nigeria ...

  7. The Practice of the Construction of Large Area of Fine Arts Activity%构建大班美术区域活动的实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周洁

    2014-01-01

    大班美术区域活动相对于小班、中班来说应当有着更高的目的要求,因而在设计和实施上应当更加重视。在教育教学实践过程中发现当代大班美术区域活动中存在着与中、小班同质化的现象,因而以提升美术区域活动水平为目的进行了策略的优化,在教学实验结束之后,对于实践中提出的有意义的区域活动的优化策略进行了总结。希望这些策略能够在实际的教学活动中帮助幼儿教师实现大班美术区域活动的目的,使得美术区域活动真正符合大班幼儿的需求。%The large area of fine arts activities relative to small class,a student should have a higher request,therefore the teacher should pay more attention to the design and implementation. The teacher found in contemporary education teaching practice in the process of large area of fine arts activities exist in medium and small class homogeneity phenomenon,thus to enhance the level of area of fine arts activities for the purpose do the optimization of the policy,at the end of the teaching experiment, the practice of meaningful regional activity optimization strategy are summarized. Hope these strategies can help early childhood teachers in the actual teaching activities,the purpose of the implementation of large area of fine arts activities,makes the fine arts area activities conform to the real army of young children’s needs.

  8. Contemporary challenges to the Church Mission from the perspective of post-modern art and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Istodor

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The secular challenges coming from postmodern art and postmodern technology constitute a serious challenge to be addressed by the mission and life of the Church. The distortion of the Christian Orthodox teaching and the blasphemous trends coming from the contemporary art scene is adding to the distortion of man as God’s special creation from the point of view of genetic engineering, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence, as the core elements of God’s empowerment of man through technology.

  9. Epigenetic risks related to assisted reproductive technologies: epigenetics, imprinting, ART and icebergs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Eamonn R; Afnan, Masoud; Barratt, Christopher L

    2003-12-01

    Recently, a series of case reports and small studies has suggested that births involving assisted reproductive technology (ART) may have an increased risk of imprinting disorders such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and Angelman syndrome. Herein, the significance and implications of these findings are discussed. It is speculated that, although such imprinting disorders may be shown to be only rare complications of ART, epigenetic errors might account for a much wider spectrum of ART-related complications than is recognized currently. Addressing these questions should be a priority for research on cohorts of ART children.

  10. Augmented reality art from an emerging technology to a novel creative medium

    CERN Document Server

    Geroimenko, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    This is the first ever book on augmented reality art. It is written by a team of world-leading artists, researchers and practitioners, pioneering in the use of augmented reality technology as a novel artistic medium. The book explores a wide range of major aspects of augmented reality art and its enabling technology. It is intended to be a starting point and essential reading not only for artists, researchers and technology developers, but also for students (both graduates and undergraduates) and everyone who is interested in emerging augmented reality technology and its current and future app

  11. High quality coal extraction and environmental remediation of fine coal refuse ponds using advanced cleaning technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honaker, R.Q.; Mohanty, M.K.; Patwardhan, A. [Department of Mining Engineering, Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, Carbondale, Illinois (United States)

    1998-07-01

    A vast number of coal refuse ponds represent a significant economical resource base that are also considered to be environmentally harmful. Significant amounts of cleanable fine coal generally exist in the refuse ponds due to the inability of conventional technologies to effectively separate the fine coal from the associated gangue particles. In addition, acid generation, generally a result of pyrite oxidation, has potential to adversely affect the surrounding environment. An integrated processing strategy of simultaneously recovering high quality coal and pyrite-rich products from the treatment of a coal refuse pond slurry has been successfully evaluated using an advanced physical cleaning circuit. A clean coal product having ash and pyritic sulfur contents of 10.1% and 0.41% was recovered with a mass yield of nearly 49%. In addition, a pyrite-rich product containing nearly 83% of the coal pyrite particles present in the refuse pond material was generated for neutralization purposes for the environmental remediation of the slurry pond. 4 refs.

  12. Industrial Arts Curriculum Guide for Automated Machining in Metals Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985

    This curriculum guide is designed to be used for creating programs in automated machining education in Connecticut. The first sections of the guide are introductory, explaining the importance of computer-numerically controlled machines, describing the industrial arts scope and sequence for kindergarten through adult levels, describing the…

  13. ARTS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahadevan, Shankar; Virk, Kashif M.; Madsen, Jan

    2007-01-01

    . We present an abstract system-level modelling and simulation framework (ARTS) which allows for cross-layer modelling and analysis covering the application layer, middleware layer, and hardware layer. ARTS allows MPSoC designers to explore and analyze the network performance under different traffic...... and load conditions, consequences of different task mappings to processors (software or hardware) including memory and power usage, and effects of RTOS selection, including scheduling, synchronization and resource allocation policies. We present the application and platform models of ARTS as well...... as their implementation in SystemC. We present the usage of the ARTS framework as seen from platform developers’ point of view, where new components may be created and integrated into the framework, and from application designers’ point of view, where existing components are used to explore possible implementations...

  14. State-of-the-art of fiber-reinforced polymers in additive manufacturing technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hofstätter, Thomas; Pedersen, David Bue; Tosello, Guido

    2017-01-01

    Additive manufacturing technologies have received a lot of attention in recent years for their use in multiple materials such as metals, ceramics, and polymers. The aim of this review article is to analyze the technology of fiber-reinforced polymers and its implementation with additive...... manufacturing. This article reviews recent developments, ideas, and state-of-the-art technologies in this field. Moreover, it gives an overview of the materials currently available for fiber-reinforced material technology....

  15. Introduction to the Special Issue on “State-of-the-Art Sensor Technology in Japan”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiteru Ishida

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The combination of sensing technology with information and communication technology (ICT could serve both as global eyes that monitor the environment for environmental issues, and as local eyes that monitor humans for aging society issues. System technology is also required to form such global and local eyes. This special issue, “State-of-the-Art Sensor Technology in Japan”, contains articles and reviews related to the monitoring of humans and the environment, and the integration of sensor systems. [...

  16. 中国东北民间美术遗产研究新论-《东北民间美术遗产研究》有感%A New Prospect of the Study of Fine Art Folk in Northeast China Remarks on “A Study of Folk Fine Art Heritage in Northeast China”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢德武

    2015-01-01

    《东北民间美术遗产研究》以东北地区民间美术类非物质文化遗产为研究对象,站在美术学、艺术人类学、历史学等多学科角度,在构建民间美术学理论与研究方法的基础上,重新对民间美术的主要形式进行分类研究,进而探讨其传承、流变与发展脉络,挖掘隐藏在美术表象背后的深层次文化内涵,并根据现有的分布和保存状况提出遗产保护的对策,在可行性的基础上予以合理利用,为繁荣东北地区文化艺术和经济发展而服务。%“A Study of Folk Art Heritage in Northeast China”taking the intangible culture heritage folk art as its object from fine art study, art anthropology and literary history, re-categorizes the forms of folk art to trace back to its development, evolution and history and to dig up the hidden cultural resources in them and to offer the protective measures to the good use of the fine arts based on its distribution and protective status in order to serve the development and prosperity of the folk fine arts and economy in Northeast China.

  17. STEM and Technology Education: International State-of-the-Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritz, John M.; Fan, Szu-Chun

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the perceptions of 20 international technology education scholars on their country's involvement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Survey research was used to obtain data. It was found that the concept of STEM education is being discussed differently by nations. Some consider STEM education…

  18. Mughal Dynasty in India Fine Art Painting of Mongolian Style%蒙古风格的莫卧儿王朝印度细密画

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    狄波拉·丝瓦罗; 毛铭

    2011-01-01

    In the equivalent period of the Ming and Qing dynasties flourishing Indian Mughal era,the palace painting is mainly the learning of Persian fine painting art.Persian miniatures can be traced back to the times of Mongolian palace art of painting in the court of Kublai Khan,especially in portraits.Mughal dynasty fine art has its own style changes,among which one of the masterpieces is "Meeting Jahangir Sufi elders and other kings," and was a typical example of East-West cultural collision.%在相当于明清时期的印度莫卧尔王朝鼎盛时代,宫廷绘画主要学习的是波斯细密画。波斯细密画的源头,可以追溯到蒙古忽必烈汗时代宫廷绘画艺术,特别是人物肖像方面。莫卧尔王朝细密画有其风格变化,其中的杰作之一《贾汗吉尔朝见苏菲派长老和其他国王》是当时东西方文化碰撞的典型例子。

  19. A State-of-the-Art Report on Cutting Technologies for Decommissioning Nuclear Facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung Kyun; Lee, Dong Gyu; Lee, Kune Woo; Jung, Chong Hun

    2007-10-15

    This report provides the status of the cryogenic cutting technology as a new dismantling technology for dismantling radioactive nuclear facilities and also presents the direction of study to apply it to a radioactive nuclear facility research aim of its nuclear. This report consists of four chapter : - 1. Background and objectives of dismantling technology for dismantling a radioactive nuclear facility. - 2. Analysis of the status of conventional cutting technologies - 3. Analysis of the status of cryogenic cutting technology - 4. Discussion, conclusion, and future work on state-of-the-art technology of dismantling for nuclear facilities.

  20. Risk and safety management in infertility and assisted reproductive technology (ART): from the doctor's office to the ART procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Ziegler, Dominique; Gambone, Joseph C; Meldrum, David R; Chapron, Charles

    2013-12-01

    Risk and safety management (RSM) is receiving increasing attention in medicine, with the goals of reducing medical error and increasing quality of care. The principles and tools of RSM can and should be applied to assisted reproductive technology (ART), a field that has already made significant progress in reducing the undesirable and sometimes dangerous consequences of treatment. ART is a prime area of medicine to contribute and help to lead the application of RSM and patient safety because it has been ahead of many other fields of medicine in standardizing treatment, certifying and auditing practitioners, and reporting standardized outcomes, and because treatments are applied to otherwise healthy individuals where exposure to risk may be less acceptable.

  1. Control technology for fine-particulate emissions. [71 references; novel devices considered but rejected

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-10-01

    This report presents a detailed review and critical evaluation of current control technologies as applied to fine particulate emissions from coal-fired utility boilers. Topics reviewed are: sources and characteristics of coals and fly ash; performance characteristics of various types of coal-fired utility boilers; design, operation, performance and maintenance features of the conventional control devices (electrostatic precipitator, fabric filter baghouse, wet scrubber), and descriptions of (and where available, performance data on) novel control devices. The report also includes quantitative assessments of the capabilities of both conventional novel devices to meet three different performance standards - the present New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) of 0.1 lb particulate per MBtu heat input, and standards of 0.05 and 0.03 lb particulate per MBtu. Each of the three conventional devices is compared and rated with respect to eight different performance categories. This information is presented in charts, which can be used to determine the relative effectiveness and attractiveness of these three control devices. The novel devices are compared and rated in the same manner. The major conclusions of the report are: (1) The use of conventional scrubbers for fine particulate control on coal-fired utility boilers will no longer be feasible should a more stringent NSPS be promulgated. (2) At the present NSPS, conventional electrostatic precipitators and baghouses are competitive. For a stricter standard, however, the baghouse will become a more attractive alternative than the precipitator. (3) Novel devices appear to offer almost no hope for this particular application (at a commercial level) between now and 1985 and only little hope before 1990.

  2. An analysis of using levels of learning strategies according to some variables in learning piano repertoire: example of fine arts and sports schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehtap Aydıner Uygun

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the learning strategies, which fine arts and sports schools music department students’ use, in terms of some variables while learning piano repertoire. These variables are the opinions related with sex, the fine arts and sports school in which the training is done, the class, the weekly time period allocated for the study of piano course, type of planning the working time, the place where the piano studies are done, the situation of getting assistance to piano course from outside the school and presence of a family member who is interested in music, and piano courses. The sample group of the study is the 644 students who are studying in the music department of fine arts and sports high schools in Turkey in the first semester of 2011 - 2012 school year. In this study, the data, related with the level of the sample group of students to use learning strategies, has been collected through the " Scale of the Situations of Using Learning Strategies in Teaching Piano Repertoire" developed by Kılınçer and Aydıner Uygun (2011. As the data shows compliance with the normal distribution, One-Way Analysis of Variance (One-Way ANOVA was used in the comparisons between the using levels of learning strategies and variables specified in the study. The findings from the analysis have been interpreted by taking 0.01 and 0.05 meaningfulness level into consideration. According to the results of the study; at the highest level ( x= 3.89 replication strategies, at the lowest level (x= 2.82 attention strategies are used in learning of piano repertoire. In addition, the differences in the result of the comparisons between the using levels of learning strategies and each variable specified in the study have been found meaningful (p <0.01, p <0.05.

  3. An analysis of using levels of learning strategies according to some variables in learning piano repertoire: Example of Fine Arts and Sports Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehtap Aydıner Uygun

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the learning strategies, which fine arts and sports schools music department (G.S.S.L. students’ use, in terms of some variables while learning piano repertoire. These variables are the opinions related with sex, the fine arts and sports school in which the training is done, the class, the weekly time period allocated for the study of piano course, type of planning the working time, the place where the piano studies are done, the situation of getting assistance to piano course from outside the school and presence of a family member who is interested in music, and piano courses. The sample group of the study is the 644 students who are studying in the music department of fine arts and sports high schools in Turkey in the first semester of 2011 - 2012 school year. In this study, the data, related with the level of the sample group of students to use learning strategies, has been collected through the " Scale of the Situations of Using Learning Strategies in Teaching Piano Repertoire" developed by Kılınçer and Aydıner Uygun (2011. As the data shows compliance with the normal distribution, One-Way Analysis of Variance (One-Way ANOVA was used in the comparisons between the using levels of learning strategies and variables specified in the study. The findings from the analysis have been interpreted by taking 0.01 and 0.05 meaningfulness level into consideration. According to the results of the study; at the highest level ( = 3.89 replication strategies, at the lowest level ( = 2.82 attention strategies was determined using in learning of piano repertoire. In addition, the differences in the result of the comparisons between the using levels of learning strategies and each variable specified in the study have been found meaningful (p <0.01, p <0.05.

  4. Design and Research on Platform to Enhance College Students’ Art Appreciation Capability Based on Modern Information Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Xifei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, with the rapid development of modern information technology, the college students could not preferably choose and learn to enhance their own art appreciation capability. Therefore, the colleges and universities have a more urgent desire to organize, develop and provide a good platform to enhance the college students’ art appreciation capability based on modern information technology. This paper describes how to enhance the art appreciation capability in detail, and designs and analyzes the platform to enhance college students’ art appreciation capability based on modern information technology---the “Music Corner” and the “Dance Corner”, indicating that the exchange platform built with modern information technology can promotes the college students’ art appreciation capability. Finally, through the analysis of statistical results of the questionnaire, college students are fonder of art appreciation after the establishment of platform, more inclined to the comprehensive learning of art, more brave to express their own sense of art, and fonder of artistic creation.

  5. Study on Multimedia Art Teaching Resources Management System based on Internet Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pan Bao Quan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The main technical architecture of art teaching management system was developed on B/S model in order to help implement the network to share teaching resources. System page of Dreamweaver web page was design software, the background for using SQL Server 2000 database design, the use of ASP, ADO data combined with multimedia data transmission technology for art teaching resources system was realized.

  6. A State of the Art Survey of Fraud Detection Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flegel, Ulrich; Vayssière, Julien; Bitz, Gunter

    With the introduction of IT to conductbusiness we accepted the loss of a human control step.For this reason, the introductionof newIT systemswas accompanied by the development of the authorization concept. But since, in reality, there is no such thing as 100 per cent security; auditors are commissioned to examine all transactions for misconduct. Since the data exists in digital form already, it makes sense to use computer-based processes to analyse it. Such processes allow the auditor to carry out extensive checks within an acceptable timeframe and with reasonable effort. Once the algorithm has been defined, it only takes sufficient computing power to evaluate larger quantities of data. This contribution presents the state of the art for IT-based data analysis processes that can be used to identify fraudulent activities.

  7. Reaching Across the Hemispheres with Science, Language, Arts and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparrow, E. B.; Zicus, S.; Miller, A.; Baird, A.; Page, G.

    2009-12-01

    Twelve Alaskan elementary and middle school classes (grades 3-8) partnered with twelve Australian middle school classes, with each pair using web-based strategies to develop a collaborative ice-mystery fictional book incorporating authentic polar science. Three professional development workshops were held, bringing together educators and polar scientists in two IPY education outreach projects. The Alaska workshop provided an opportunity to bring together the North American teachers for lessons on arctic and antarctic science and an earth system science program Seasons and Biomes measurement protocols, as well as methods in collaborative e-writing and art in Ice e-Mysteries: Global Student Polar e-books project. Teachers worked with University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) and Australian scientists to become familiar with Arctic science research, science artifacts and resources available at UAF and the University of Alaska Museum of the North. In Australia, teachers received a similar project training through the Tasmania Museum and Art Gallery (TMAG) Center for Learning and Discovery on Antarctic science and the University of Tasmania. The long-distance collaboration was accomplished through Skype, emails and a TMAG supported website. A year later, Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere teacher partners met in a joint workshop in Tasmania, to share their experiences, do project assessments and propose activities for future collaborations. The Australian teachers received training on Seasons and Biomes scientific measurements and the Alaskan teachers, on Tasmanian vegetation, fauna and indigenous culture, Antarctic and Southern ocean studies. This innovative project produced twelve e-polar books written and illustrated by students; heightened scientific literacy about the polar regions and the earth system; increased awareness of the environment and indigenous cultures; stronger connections to the scientific community; and lasting friendships. It also resulted in

  8. Art and technology: A comparative study of policy legitimation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.M. Wijnberg (Nachoem)

    1994-01-01

    textabstractThe legitimation of technology policy is discussed from the point of view of the neoclassical and of the dynamic, Schumpeterian, approach. The results are presented, using the traditional categories of policy legitimation in welfare theory: public goods, externalities, and merit goods. A

  9. Application of digital pattern-less molding technology to produce art casting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Li1

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Compared with the conventional casting process, digital pattern-less casting technology has many advantages such as good machining accuracy, a short processing cycle, and low production cost. It is a new rapid manufacturing technology for castings, integrated with CAD/CAM, casting, CNC machining and many other advanced technologies. With this digital casting technology, no pattern is needed for making molds; it is precise, flexible, and green. Usually, art castings have complex structures and are made in small batches or even made in a single-piece, especially for large-sized art castings. So it has the shortcomings of high cost, low efficiency and long time for making a pattern to produce art castings with the conventional casting processes. However, the digital pattern-less casting technology can be applied to fabricate art castings, since it can greatly shorten the manufacturing cycle and lower the production cost, thus having a very good prospect. In this study, based on the digital pattern-less casting technology, a plaque casting with artistic Chinese characters (a Chinese poem was designed and manufactured, and the production process was demonstrated in detail.

  10. 'Beauty and Simplicity' : The power of fine art in moral teaching on education in seventeenth-century Holland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, J.J.H.

    2009-01-01

    Seventeenth century Dutch genre painting played a major role in the promotion of the pursuit of family and educational virtues. Packing moralistic messages in fine paintings was considered as a very effective moralistic communication policy in a culture in which sending such moralising messages was

  11. State of the art of Lewis acid-containing zeolites: lessons from fine chemistry to new biomass transformation processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moliner, Manuel

    2014-03-21

    The former synthesis of TS-1 opened new catalytic opportunities for zeolites, especially for their application as selective redox catalysts in several fine chemistry processes. Interestingly, isolated Ti species in the framework positions of hydrophobic zeolites, such as high silica zeolites, offer unique Lewis acid sites even in the presence of protic polar solvents (such as water). Following this discovery, other transition metals (such as Sn, Zr, V, Nb, among others) have been introduced in the framework positions of different hydrophobic zeolitic structures, allowing their application in new fine chemistry processes as very active and selective redox catalysts. Recently, these hydrophobic metallozeolites have been successfully applied as efficient catalysts for several biomass-transformation processes in bulk water. The acquired knowledge from the former catalytic descriptions in fine chemistry processes using hydrophobic Lewis acid-containing zeolites has been essential for their application in these novel biomass transformations. In the present review, I will describe the recent advances in the synthesis of new transition metal-containing zeolites presenting Lewis acid character, and their unique catalytic applications in both fine chemistry and novel biomass-transformations.

  12. From art to applied science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatzberg, Eric

    2012-09-01

    Before "applied science" and "technology" became keywords, the concept of art was central to discourse about material culture and its connections to natural knowledge. By the late nineteenth century, a new discourse of applied science had replaced the older discourse of art. This older discourse of art, especially as presented in Enlightenment encyclopedias, addressed the relationship between art and science in depth. But during the nineteenth century the concept of fine art gradually displaced the broader meanings of "art," thus undermining the utility of the term for discourse on the relationship between knowledge and practice. This narrowed meaning of "art" obscured key aspects of the industrial world. In effect, middle-class agents of industrialism, including "men of science," used the rhetoric of "applied science" and, later, "technology" to cement the exclusion of artisanal knowledge from the discourse of industrial modernity.

  13. Arquitectura, arte funcional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monjo Carrió, Juan

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available The begining of this work is devoted to the analysis of the concepts of Art, Science and Technique and their historical evolution, distinguishing between "fine arts" and "technique arts". Following, Architect and Architecture terms are defined both conceptual and professionally, analysing as well its historical evolution and pointing out the interdependence between the architectural conception as "fine art" and the constructive technology as "technique art", finally reminding the necessary scientific base of this one (Construction Physics. Consequently, the need for architecture professionals of constructive technology knowledge, is also reminded. At last, the functional character of the Architecture (Architecture as a "functional art" is analysed, going over the three basic aspects of this functionality (Integrity-firmitas, Habitability-utilitas and Aesthetics-venustas.Se inicia el trabajo analizando los conceptos de Arte, Ciencia y Técnica y su evolución histórica, distinguiendo entre ¡as "bellas artes" y las "artes técnicas". A continuación se definen los conceptos de Arquitecto y Arquitectura, tanto conceptual como profesionalmente, analizando, asimismo, su evolución histórica y haciendo hincapié en la interdependencia entre la concepción arquitectónica como "bella arte" y la tecnología constructiva como "arte técnica", para terminar recordando la necesaria base científica de esta última (la Física de la Construcción. Como consecuencia, se recuerda la necesidad de los conocimientos de la tecnología constructiva en los arquitectos profesionales. Por último, se analiza el carácter funcional de la Arquitectura (Arquitectura como "arte funcional" y se hace un breve recorrido por los tres aspectos básicos de esa funcionalidad (Integridad-firmitas, Habitabilidad-utilitas y Estética-venustas.

  14. Halftone biasing OPC technology: an approach for achieving fine bias control on raster-scan systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakagawa, Kent H.; Chen, J. Fung; Socha, Robert J.; Laidig, Thomas L.; Wampler, Kurt E.; Van Den Broeke, Douglas J.; Dusa, Mircea V.; Caldwell, Roger F.

    1999-08-01

    As the semiconductor roadmap continues to require imaging of smaller features on wafers, we continue to explore new approaches in OPC strategies to enhance existing technology. Advanced reticle design, intended for printing sub-wavelength features, requires the support of very fine-increment biases on semi-densely-pitched lines, where the CD correction requires only a fraction of the spot size of an e-beam system. Halftone biasing, a new OPC strategy, has been proposed to support these biases on a raster-scan e-beam system without the need for a reduced address unit and the consequent write time penalty. The manufacturability and inspectability of halftone-biased lines are explored, using an OPC characterization reticle. Pattern fidelity is examined using both optical and SEM tools. Printed DUV resist line edge profiles are compared for both halftone and non-halftone feature edges. Halftone biasing was applied to an SRAM-type simulation reticle, to examine its impact on data volume, write time reduction, and printing performance.

  15. Silver nanoparticle ink technology: state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajan K

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Krishna Rajan, Ignazio Roppolo, Annalisa Chiappone, Sergio Bocchini, Denis Perrone, Alessandro Chiolerio Center for Space Human Robotics, Italian Institute of Technology, Turin, Italy Abstract: Printed electronics will bring to the consumer level great breakthroughs and unique products in the near future, shifting the usual paradigm of electronic devices and circuit boards from hard boxes and rigid sheets into flexible thin layers and bringing disposable electronics, smart tags, and so on. The most promising tool to achieve the target depends upon the availability of nanotechnology-based functional inks. A certain delay in the innovation-transfer process to the market is now being observed. Nevertheless, the most widely diffused product, settled technology, and the highest sales volumes are related to the silver nanoparticle-based ink market, representing the best example of commercial nanotechnology today. This is a compact review on synthesis routes, main properties, and practical applications. Keywords: silver nanoparticles, surface plasmon resonance, nanocomposites, inks, printed electronics

  16. Wireless Power Transmission Technology State-Of-The-Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickinson, R. M. T.

    2002-01-01

    This first Bill Brown SSP La Crescenta, CA 91214 technology , including microwave and laser systems for the transfer of electric , as related to eventually developing Space Solar Power (SSP) systems. Current and past technology accomplishments in ground based and air and space applied energy conversion devices, systems and modeling performance and cost information is presented, where such data are known to the author. The purpose of the presentation is to discuss and present data to encourage documenting and breaking the current technology records, so as to advance the SOA in WPT for SSP . For example, regarding DC to RF and laser converters, 83% efficient 2.45 GHz cooker-tube magnetrons with 800W CW output have been jointly developed by Russia and US. Over 50% wa11-plug efficient 1.5 kW/cm2 CW, water cooled, multibeam, solid state laser diode bar-arrays have been developed by LLNL at 808 nm wavelength. The Gennans have developed a 36% efficient, kW level, sing1e coherent beam, lateral pumped semiconductor laser. The record for end-to-end DC input to DC output power overall WPT link conversion efficiency is 54% during the Raytheon-JPL experiments in 1975 for 495.6 W recovered at 1.7-mrange at 2.4469 GAz. The record for usefully recovered electric power output ( as contrasted with thennally induced power in structures) is 34 kW OC output at a range of 1.55 km, using 2.388 GHz microwaves, during the JPL- Raytheon experiments by Bill Brown and the author at Goldstone, CA in 1975. The GaAs-diode rectenna array had an average collection-conversion efficiency of 82.5%. A single rectenna element operating a 6W RF input, developed by Bill Brown demonstrated 91.4% efficiency. The comparable record for laser light to OC output power conversion efficiency of photovoltaics is 590/0. for AlGaAs at 1.7 Wand 826nm wavelength. Russian cyclotron-wave converters have demonstrated 80% rectification efficiency at S-band. Concerning WPT technology equipment costs, magnetron conversion

  17. Laser cutting, State of the art and technological trends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Flemming Ove

    1999-01-01

    In this paper a short review of the development trends in laser cutting will be given. The technoloty which is the fastest expanding industrial production technology will develop in both its core market segment: Flat bed cutting of sheet metal as it will expand in heavy industry and in cutting of......-dimensional shapes. The CO2 laser will also in the near futre be the domination laser source in the market, although the new developments in ND-YAG-lasers opens for new possibilities for this laser type.......In this paper a short review of the development trends in laser cutting will be given. The technoloty which is the fastest expanding industrial production technology will develop in both its core market segment: Flat bed cutting of sheet metal as it will expand in heavy industry and in cutting of 3...

  18. Silver nanoparticle ink technology: state of the art

    OpenAIRE

    Rajan K; Roppolo I; Chiappone A; Bocchini S; Perrone D; Chiolerio A

    2016-01-01

    Krishna Rajan, Ignazio Roppolo, Annalisa Chiappone, Sergio Bocchini, Denis Perrone, Alessandro Chiolerio Center for Space Human Robotics, Italian Institute of Technology, Turin, Italy Abstract: Printed electronics will bring to the consumer level great breakthroughs and unique products in the near future, shifting the usual paradigm of electronic devices and circuit boards from hard boxes and rigid sheets into flexible thin layers and bringing disposable electronics, smart tags, and so on. T...

  19. 比较教学法在美术鉴赏教学中的应用%On Application of Comparative Teaching Method to Fine Arts Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭燕; 赵慧颖

    2011-01-01

    在美术鉴赏课程中,教师运用比较教学法引导学生理解美术史中的美术作品与社会历史之间的关系,以具体的艺术作品为例进行风格分析,搭建起纵向与横向比较的平台,可以提高学生学习兴趣,拓展思路,帮助学生建立起跨文化思考模式,最终培养其独立鉴赏的能力。%In fine arts appreciation course,teachers use comparative teaching method to guide students to understand the relationship between fine arts works and social history,and analyze styles using specific works,thus building up the platform of vertical and horizontal comparison to enhance students' studying interest,expand their minds,and to help them to establish trans-cultural thinking mode and finally to cultivate their independent appreciation ability.

  20. Discovery Mondays "State-of-the-art technologies for precision"

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Ceramic plate drilled with high precision in CERN’s workshop. The diameter of each hole is only 0.02 millimetres, comparable to the diameter of a hair.Scientists have to be infinitely precise to study the infinitely small. Thus, even though the LHC is the world’s largest accelerator, it has to be aligned to within a tenth of a millimetre. The detectors weigh several thousand tonnes but are capable of detecting the tiniest vibration of the Earth. Join us at the next Discovery Monday to find out about CERN’s state-of-the-art tools for achieving the degrees of resolution required in the field of particle physics. Don’t miss this opportunity to discover the world of precision! The event will be conducted in FrenchCome along to the Microcosm (Reception Building 33, Meyrin site) on Monday 5 November from 7.30 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. Entrance Free http://www.cern.ch/LundisDecouverte/

  1. The application of folk fine arts modeling language in modern art design%试析民间美术造型语言在现代艺术设计中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜丽

    2016-01-01

    As one of the folk culture, folk art has a long history in our country, fuly embodies the wisdom and creativity of the people, is also a popular wish, reflect the psychological expression, a way of morality. Its a kind of folk culture of China, from the aesthetic consciousness of traditional folk art of aesthetic consciousness, coupled with the inheritance of inherent in it, makes its unique modelling language. This paper discusses the application of folk fine arts modeling language in modern art design.%作为民俗文化的中的一种,民间美术在我国有很悠久的历史,充分体现了民众的智慧和创造力,同时也是民众表达愿望、反映心理、传递道德观念的一种方式。鉴于其是一种物华的民间文化,民间美术的审美意识与一般的审美意识有所不同,再加上它本身所具有的传承性,造就了它独特的造型语言。本文就民间美术造型语言在现代艺术设计中的运用展开了论述。

  2. Technology-Supported Art as a "Way to Participation"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molly Bathje MS, OTR/L

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Brianna Vitale provided the painting featured on the cover of the Spring 2014 issue of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy. Brianna completed the painting, titled “Flamingo,” using a mouth joystick (joust to draw the image on her computer and an assistive device to translate her computer artwork into the watercolor painting. At 12 years old, Brianna has been living for the past 9 years with tetraplegia, the result of a spinal cord injury (SCI. Through technology and with the support of family, friends, and health care professionals, Brianna energetically engages in a variety of creative, social, and philanthropic activities.

  3. Below population replacement fertility rates:Can assisted reproductive technology (ART) help reverse the trend?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eric Blyth

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This paper considers the potential contribution that assisted reproductive technology (ART) may make to population replenishment in countries that have experienced extended periods of below-population-replacement Total Fertility Rates (TFR), by focusing on the specific situation of Singapore, which has recorded ‘ultra-low’ TFRs for many years. Methods: The factors contributing to ultra-low TFRs in Singapore, the economic and social consequences of endemic below-population-replacement fertility rates and remedial measures initiated by the government are critically analysed, focussing specifically on the government’s subsided ART provisions of the ‘Marriage and Parenthood’ package. In addition the paper provides a close analysis of available contemporary data regarding ART and ART outcomes both in Singapore and internationally. Results: Despite limited public accessibility to data concerning ART outcomes in Singapore, it is possible to make some assessment of the potential contribution of publicly-funded ART provision and the possible extension of access to elective oocyte preservation to population replenishment. Conclusions: Subsidised ART can-at best-make a marginal contribution to government population policy.

  4. State-of-art of modern technologies for metals production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holappa, L. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Lab. of Metallurgy

    1995-12-31

    The future raw materials are becoming lower in metal content and more complex, multimetal concentrates will be utilized. This will give challenges for metallurgists to develop new, efficient and energy saving processes. The main impacts for current and future production technologies come from energy need and environmental issues of the production processes themselves as well as the inevitable energy production for the metal making. Metals production consumes huge amount of energy, roughly 10 pct of the global energy consumption is caused by metallurgists. That is the necessity but it also means energy saving is one of the metallurgical industry have been enormous when looking back to the history. Since the 1960`s the efforts of the industry together with the strict legislation in the industrialized countries have conducted to greatly decreased emissions and improved pollution control. Breakthrough of new processes like copper flash smelting has aided this positive progress

  5. Silver nanoparticle ink technology: state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajan, Krishna; Roppolo, Ignazio; Chiappone, Annalisa; Bocchini, Sergio; Perrone, Denis; Chiolerio, Alessandro

    2016-01-01

    Printed electronics will bring to the consumer level great breakthroughs and unique products in the near future, shifting the usual paradigm of electronic devices and circuit boards from hard boxes and rigid sheets into flexible thin layers and bringing disposable electronics, smart tags, and so on. The most promising tool to achieve the target depends upon the availability of nanotechnology-based functional inks. A certain delay in the innovation-transfer process to the market is now being observed. Nevertheless, the most widely diffused product, settled technology, and the highest sales volumes are related to the silver nanoparticle-based ink market, representing the best example of commercial nanotechnology today. This is a compact review on synthesis routes, main properties, and practical applications.

  6. 我国超细铜粉研究及生产现状%Status-in-art of Preparation and Production of Ultra-fine Copper Powder in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凌云; 朱国才; 霍慧彬; 池汝安

    2008-01-01

      The status-in-art of preparation and production of ultra-fine copper powder including ball mill, plasma,γ-ray irradiation-hydrothermal crystallization, chemical reduction, electrolysis, ultrasound electrolysis, hydrothermal, micro emulsions and collosol method are summarized. The advance of pre-reduction-complex reduction used by Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University was introduced, too. Furthermore, the present state of copper powder consumption and production in China were also analyzed. Finally, the development of ultra-fine copper powder is prospected.%  概述了目前超细铜粉制备方法,包括球磨法、等离子体法、γ射线辐照射法、雾化法、超声电解法、电解法、微乳液法、溶胶-凝胶法、化学还原法等的研究现状,介绍了清华大学核能与新能源技术研究院采用的预还原-复合还原法。同时,对我国的铜粉消费与生产现状作了分析,并对我国今后超细铜粉研究作了展望。

  7. Infertility and assisted reproductive technology (ART) - with emphasis on In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    OpenAIRE

    Danielsson, David André

    2004-01-01

    Infertility and assisted reproductive technology (ART) - with emphasis on In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). A literary study reviewing the epidemiology, pathology, investigation and treatment (with complications) of both male and female infertility. Causes of infertility in women include hostile cervical mucus, sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, tubal dysfunction, problems with ovulation, polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal imbalance ...

  8. Applications of Modern Analysis Techniques in Searching back Ancient Art Ceramic Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Quang Liem

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This report highlights the promising applications of modern analysis techniques such as Scanning Electron Microsopy, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering spectroscopy, and thermal expansion measurement in searching back the ancient art ceramics technologies.

  9. Asymptotically approaching the past: historiography and critical use of sources in art technological source research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Clarke

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes that historiographic methods should be applied during art technological source research. Sources cannot always be used uncritically as being simply reliable records of contemporary workshop practice. The accuracy, date and origin of the technical information embedded within sourc

  10. Digital Technology and Creative Arts Career Patterns in the UK Creative Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comunian, Roberta; Faggian, Alessandra; Jewell, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we ask what role both digital and artistic human capital play in the creative economy by examining employment patterns of digital technology (DT) and creative arts and design (CAD) graduates. Using student micro-data collected by the Higher Education Statistical Agency (HESA) in the United Kingdom, we investigate the…

  11. Mathematics for Gifted Students in an Arts- and Technology-Rich Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadanidis, George; Hughes, Janette; Cordy, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we report on a study of a short-term mathematics program for grade 7-8 gifted students that integrated open-ended mathematics tasks with the arts (poetry and drama) and with technology. The program was offered partially online and partially in a classroom setting. The study sought to investigate (a) students' perceptions of their…

  12. Digital Technology and Creative Arts Career Patterns in the UK Creative Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comunian, Roberta; Faggian, Alessandra; Jewell, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we ask what role both digital and artistic human capital play in the creative economy by examining employment patterns of digital technology (DT) and creative arts and design (CAD) graduates. Using student micro-data collected by the Higher Education Statistical Agency (HESA) in the United Kingdom, we investigate the…

  13. Balancing Act: Bridging the Traditional and Technological Aspects of Culture through Art Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawton, Pamela Harris

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses the benefits of connecting and balancing education in the visual arts and in technology through discussion of actual examples. This balanced connection accomplishes three goals: to further advance and enhance quality of life, to cultivate humane and ethical behaviors, and to initiate global dialogue on issues that matter among…

  14. Digital Technology in the Visual Arts Classroom: An [un]Easy Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilks, Judith; Cutcher, Alexandra; Wilks, Susan

    2012-01-01

    This article scrutinizes the dichotomy of the uneasy and easy partnerships that exist between digital technology and visual arts education. The claim that by putting computers into schools "we have bought 'one half of a product'... we've bought the infrastructure and the equipment but we haven't bought the educational…

  15. Contemporary Literacies and Technologies in English Language Arts Teacher Education: Shift Happens!

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Marshall; Pope, Carol; Reid, Louann

    2015-01-01

    Three leaders of the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Conference on English Education (CEE) reflect on the changes that have occurred in English language arts teacher education in the past 15 years since the first edition of "Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education" ("CITE Journal") was published.…

  16. 关于中国美术史中佛教石窟美术专题教学的探讨%The Discussion on Buddhism Grotto Art Monographic Teaching in History of Chinese Fine Arts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘韬; 郭早早; 朱文晶

    2011-01-01

    The article mostly discusses some questions on Buddhism grotto art monograpmc teacmng m History of Chinese Fine Arts. The instructional objectives are three aspects that are grasping rudimentary knowledge, extension of art cultivation and increasing of research competence. The article mostly elaborates that settings arrangement of course content, the supple of teaching method bringing in video information, paying attention to the concepts of "cultural circle"and "model"in the course of teaching. The article indicates that we should bring academic history into Grotto art monographic teaching, so we can lead undergraduates to hackle research method on grotto art and to discover new questions.%本文主要讨论了中国美术史中佛教石窟美术专题教学的相关问题,将教学目标设计为基础知识掌握、美术修养扩充及研究能力提高三方面。主要阐述包括课程内容的设置安排、授课过程中引入视频教学资料教学方法补充、在具体授课过程中注意“文化圈”、“样式”等概念的问题,并指出将佛教石窟研究的学术史引入到石窟美术专题教学中,从而引导学生总结梳理石窟美术的研究方法与发现新问题。

  17. Object-Based Teaching and Learning for a Critical Assessment of Digital Technologies in Arts and Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, M.; Garside, D.; Nelson, T.; Robson, S.; Weyrich, T.

    2017-08-01

    As cultural sector practice becomes increasingly dependent on digital technologies for the production, display, and dissemination of art and material heritage, it is important that those working in the sector understand the basic scientific principles underpinning these technologies and the social, political and economic implications of exploiting them. The understanding of issues in cultural heritage preservation and digital heritage begins in the education of the future stakeholders and the innovative integration of technologies into the curriculum. This paper gives an example of digital technology skills embedded into a module in the interdisciplinary UCL Bachelor of Arts and Sciences, named "Technologies in Arts and Cultural Heritage", at University College London.

  18. Gene Technology in Winemaking: New Approaches to an Ancient Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isak S. Pretorius

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available For the last century, the availability of pure culture yeast has improved reproducibility in wine fermentations and product quality. However, there is not a single wine yeast strain that possesses an ideal combination of oenological characteristics that are optimised for the task set by today´s leading winemakers. With new developments in modern winemaking there has arisen an urgent need to modify wine yeast strains in order to take full advantage of technology and to satisfy the demands of the sophisticated wine consumers. The combined use of mutagenesis, hybridisation and recombinant DNA methods have significantly increased the genetic diversity that can be introduced into Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. The overall aim of the strain development programmes extends far beyond the primary role of wine yeast to catalyse the rapid and complete conversion of grape sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide without distorting the flavour of the final product. Starter cultures of S. cerevisiae must now possess a range of other properties that differ with the type and style of wine to be made and the technical requirements of the winery. Our strain development programme focuses on a number of targets that are amenable to a genetic approach, including strain security and quality control, the increase of fermentation and processing efficiencies, and the enhancement of the sensorial quality and health properties of wine and other grape-based beverages. However, successful commercialisation of transgenic wine yeasts will depend on a multitude of scientific, technical, economic, marketing, safety, regulatory, legal and ethical issues. Therefore, it would be foolish to entertain unrealistic expectations over rapid commercialisation and short-term benefits. However, it will be equally unwise to deny the potential advantages of genetically improved wine yeasts to both the winemaker and consumer in the third millennium.

  19. The occurrence of phi in dento-facial beauty of fine art from antiquity through the Renaissance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiener, R Constance; Wiener Pla, Regina M

    2012-01-01

    External beauty is a complex construct that influences lives and may be impacted by dentists. Beauty is not easily quantified, but one cited anthropometric of beauty is the ratio phi, the number 1.618033(...). This study examined phi as a measure of female frontal facial beauty in classic Western art, using pre- Renaissance (N = 30), and Renaissance (N = 30) artwork. Four horizontal and five vertical ratios were determined in the works of art, which were then compared with the phi ratio. All horizontal ratios for both pre-Renaissance and Renaissance artwork were similar to each other, but did not contain the phi ratio (P Renaissance and Renaissance art-work did contain the phi ratio within their confidence intervals with the exception of the vertical ratio, "intereye point to soft tissue menton/ intereye point to stomion", that was found to be less than phi in the Renaissance group. The study provides evidence of the presence of the phi ratio in vertical aspect of females in artwork from pre-Renaissance through the Renaissance demonstrating consistent temporal preferences. Therefore, the phi ratio seems to be an important consideration in altering vertical facial dimensions in full mouth rehabilitation and reconstructive orthognathic surgery involving females.

  20. ARV robotic technologies (ART): a risk reduction effort for future unmanned systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaster, Jeffrey F.

    2006-05-01

    The Army's ARV (Armed Robotic Vehicle) Robotic Technologies (ART) program is working on the development of various technological thrusts for use in the robotic forces of the future. The ART program will develop, integrate and demonstrate the technology required to advance the maneuver technologies (i.e., perception, mobility, tactical behaviors) and increase the survivability of unmanned platforms for the future force while focusing on reducing the soldiers' burden by providing an increase in vehicle autonomy coinciding with a decrease in the total number user interventions required to control the unmanned assets. This program will advance the state of the art in perception technologies to provide the unmanned platform an increasingly accurate view of the terrain that surrounds it; while developing tactical/mission behavior technologies to provide the Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) the capability to maneuver tactically, in conjunction with the manned systems in an autonomous mode. The ART testbed will be integrated with the advanced technology software and associated hardware developed under this effort, and incorporate appropriate mission modules (e.g. RSTA sensors, MILES, etc.) to support Warfighter experiments and evaluations (virtual and field) in a military significant environment (open/rolling and complex/urban terrain). The outcome of these experiments as well as other lessons learned through out the program life cycle will be used to reduce the current risks that are identified for the future UGV systems that will be developed under the Future Combat Systems (FCS) program, including the early integration of an FCS-like autonomous navigation system onto a tracked skid steer platform.

  1. Sistematización de experiencias didácticas con docentes: Las Artes Plásticas y el Currículo Escolar / The systematization of didactic experiences with teachers: The fine arts and the school curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castro Bonilla, Julieta

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:El artículo que presento se refiere al desarrollo de actividades de integración curricular, realizadas con docentes que laboran en instituciones de educación preescolar, primaria, secundaria, y que además forman parte de un proyecto denominado “Primero Aprendo”. Deseo rescatar dos aspectos de la experiencia; en primer lugar, una interesante integración entre las artes plásticas y algunos contenidos de los programas de estudio, y en segundo lugar, se resalta un trabajo de equipo en el que participaron, además de la población docente, personas que laboran en actividades culinarias en las mismas instituciones educativas. Durante el desarrollo de las experiencias se enfatizó un trabajo de cooperación, colaboración y entusiasmo, gracias a la apertura mostrada por las direcciones de las instituciones que participaron, situación que favoreció el logro de los objetivos propuestos. Los talleres fueron ofrecidos por profesoras universitarias e investigadoras con experiencia y formación en diferentes especialidades, a saber, música, psicología, educación preescolar y artes plásticas, situación que favoreció en docentes participantes el desarrollo de procesos de integración curricular y aprendizajes, que posteriormente, debían ser aplicados en sus lugares de trabajo.Abstract:The article presented here refers to the development of activities for curricular integration, carried out with teachers at preschools, primary and secondary schools, who also take part in a project called " Primero Aprendo" (First, I Learn. The author wishes to point out two aspects of this experience: Firstly, an interesting integration between the fine arts and some contents of the study programs; and secondly, the teamwork between the teaching staff and the cooking staff at the same schools. During the development of these experiences,working in cooperation, in collaboration and with enthusiasm was emphasized, thanks to the receptiveness of the

  2. Comparative Research on Oriental Fine Arts%东方美术的比较学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dietrich Seckel[德; 赫云(译); 李倍雷(校)

    2013-01-01

    Comparative research adopts historical methods ,art history in particular ,and the necessity of it is self -evident .Instead of tackling methodological and technical questions based on inherent charac-teristics and relationships in order to understand historical phenomena correctly ,it takes various kinds of relationships in comparison as objects ,topicalizing and problematizing them in other words .Thus ,the knowledge about the nature and structure of comparison is intensified , principles that cover individual phenomena understood . Naturally , comparison is not only about exploring similarities and hetero-geneities ;it also means to investigate differences or contrasts .Comparison helps research return to the communality of various art types such as formative arts ,literature and music as well as their possibility of comparison ,or in other words ,the mutual explanation of relationships between oriental arts .%比较学使用历史的方法尤其是美术史的方法,其必要性是不言而喻的。这里的比较学是以比较的各种关系为对象、为认识的构成内容,即把这些关系主题化、问题化,而不是以根据固有特性和发生关系来正确把握历史现象为目的的方法的、技术的问题。这样就加深了对比较学本质诸特征和构造诸特征的理解,并使包括个别现象的原理得以被认识。因此,“比较”就自然而然地并非只是探索类似性、异质性,即意味着不仅要探索类比,也要探索差异或进行对比。比较学使研究回到造型艺术、文学、音乐等不同艺术的共同性和比较的可能性,即东方诸艺术之间关系的相互阐释。

  3. Teaching Reform of Fine Arts Graduation Creation in Universities%美术学本科毕业创作的教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟德乡

    2014-01-01

    美术学本科毕业创作是本科学生在学校学习4年的一个缩影。教师积极的课堂教学与学生惰性、松散的学习状态形成鲜明对比,这种教学状态背后存在着社会、体制、家庭、学生之间4个方面的矛盾。改变学生的学习面貌和状态也就成为教学改革的重点和方向。应该突出学生作为教学的主要对象,进行能力的培养,提高审美意识,掌握审美规律,让理论联系实践,宏观审美指导具体创作。在教学改革中总结出主题教学、写生教学、模仿教学、创意教学等教学模式。%Fine arts graduation creation is the reflection of university students’ four-year study of fine arts. Teachers’ positive classroom teaching and students’indolent learning make a striking contrast, which is deeply rooted in the contradiction among society, system, family and students. So changing students’ motivation and attitude is the objective and focus of the teaching reform. And in the reform, we should take students as the main objects of teaching, develop their abilities, improve their aesthetic awareness, help them master the aesthetic law, integrate theory with practice and instruct them in their graduation creation in a macro and aesthetic way. The following are the teaching models summarized:theme teaching, sketching teaching, imitation teaching and creation teaching.

  4. Beauty and simplicity: the power of fine art and moral teaching on education in seventeenth-century Holland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekker, J J H

    2009-04-01

    Seventeenth century Dutch genre painting played a major role in the promotion of the pursuit of family and educational virtues. Packing moralistic messages in fine paintings was considered as a very effective moralistic communication policy in a culture in which sending such moralising paintings and drawings on education and domestic virtues, so contributing to the reconciliation of the existing tensions, or, in the words of Simon Schama, embarrassment between beauty and the promoted virtues of frugality and simplicity. A broad middle class created its own private surrounding in which morality and enjoying the beauty of moralising on the family and parenting went together, as is made clear by the analysis of a series of representative images. Dutch parents, moralists, and painters knew the power of beauty in moralising on the family.

  5. Into the Curriculum. Art: Making Snowmen; Health: It's Flu Season!; Language Arts/Technology: Choices; Reading/Language Arts: Getting To Know Young Adult Authors; Science: It's All in the Weather; Social Studies: Middle Ages Daily Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Amato, Laura; Small, Esther

    2003-01-01

    Provides six fully developed library media activities that are designed for use with special curriculum units in art, health, language arts, technology, reading, science, and social studies. Library media skills, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional roles, procedures, evaluation, and follow-up are described for each…

  6. Improved methods for dewarping images in convex mirrors in fine art: applications to van Eyck and Parmigianino

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usami, Yumi; Stork, David G.; Fujiki, Jun; Hino, Hideitsu; Akaho, Shotaro; Murata, Noboru

    2011-03-01

    We derive and demonstrate new methods for dewarping images depicted in convex mirrors in artwork and for estimating the three-dimensional shapes of the mirrors themselves. Previous methods were based on the assumption that mirrors were spherical or paraboloidal, an assumption unlikely to hold for hand-blown glass spheres used in early Renaissance art, such as Johannes van Eyck's Portrait of Giovanni (?) Arnolfini and his wife (1434) and Robert Campin's Portrait of St. John the Baptist and Heinrich von Werl (1438). Our methods are more general than such previous methods in that we assume merely that the mirror is radially symmetric and that there are straight lines (or colinear points) in the actual source scene. We express the mirror's shape as a mathematical series and pose the image dewarping task as that of estimating the coefficients in the series expansion. Central to our method is the plumbline principle: that the optimal coefficients are those that dewarp the mirror image so as to straighten lines that correspond to straight lines in the source scene. We solve for these coefficients algebraically through principal component analysis, PCA. Our method relies on a global figure of merit to balance warping errors throughout the image and it thereby reduces a reliance on the somewhat subjective criterion used in earlier methods. Our estimation can be applied to separate image annuli, which is appropriate if the mirror shape is irregular. Once we have found the optimal image dewarping, we compute the mirror shape by solving a differential equation based on the estimated dewarping function. We demonstrate our methods on the Arnolfini mirror and reveal a dewarped image superior to those found in prior work|an image noticeably more rectilinear throughout and having a more coherent geometrical perspective and vanishing points. Moreover, we find the mirror deviated from spherical and paraboloidal shape; this implies that it would have been useless as a concave

  7. Psychiatric disorders among women and men in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. The Danish National ART-Couple (DANAC) cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Lone; Hageman, Ida; Hougaard, Charlotte Ørsted

    2013-01-01

    disorders and ART treatment in both sexes have only been sparsely explored. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: The main objective of this national register-based cohort study is to assess women's and men's mental health before, during, and after ART treatment in comparison with the mental health in an age......-matched population-based cohort of couples with no history of ART treatment. Furthermore, the objective is to study the reproductive outcome of ART treatment among women who have a registered diagnosis of a mental disorder or have used medication for mental disorders prior to ART treatment compared with women in ART...... treatment without a mental disorder. We will establish the Danish National ART-Couple (DANAC) cohort including all women registered with ART treatment in the Danish in vitro fertilisation Register during 1994-2009 (N=42 915) and their partners. An age-matched population-based comparison cohort of women...

  8. Believing in Stardust: The Rationale and History of a California Secondary Level Television Production Course Written to Fine Arts Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartrom, Linda

    2008-01-01

    When the author came to Villa Park High School in Orange County, California back in 1998, having just finished fourteen years in an East Los Angeles school, she expected to find communication technology already operative. It was just beginning at Bell High School where she had been, in Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD), with a Video…

  9. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan, Fine Ceramics Industry Basic Issues Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    substrate material, and phosphates for use as bioceramic materials; and such structural materials as zirconia, silicon 26 carbide, and silicon nitride. R&D...communications equipment, and for bioceramics materials in the medical equipment field. And while R&D has yet to get underway, it is hoped that fine ceramics...Lion Corporation Bioceramic dental crowns Ishihara Pharmaceuticals Aluminum titanate machinable

  10. Writing on Pigments in Natural History and Art Technology in Sixteenth-Century Germany and Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oltrogge, Doris

    2015-01-01

    Renaissance painters used a number of inorganic color materials. The development of mineralogy as a discipline opened a new discourse on mineral pigments. Agricola and other naturalists were familiar with the contemporary writings on art technology, but their focus was different. Therefore, the exchange of knowledge between these two color worlds remained selective. One possible meeting point was the Kunstkammer where the study of natural objects and materials was combined with an interest in the manual execution of a painting.

  11. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Luo Zhongli. now a professor with the Oil Painting Department in the Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts became famous in the Chinese painters’ circle in 1980 with his enormous painting, Father. This painting also led the rise

  12. Audio networking at the Center for Art and Media Technology Karlsruhe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutilleux, Pierre

    1993-01-01

    The Center for Art and Media Technology is dedicated to art and its relationship to new media. The Center supports music as well as graphic art. It also will house museums. The Center will be fully operational by the middle of 1996. The audio network will interconnect five recording studios and a large theater with three control rooms. With the additional facilities, the number of 40 interconnected rooms is reached. As to the quality and the versatility, the network can be compared, to some extent, to that of a broadcast-building. Traditional networking techniques involve many kilometers of high quality audio-cables and bulky automated patch-bays. Still, we wish even more freedom in the way the rooms are interconnected. Digital audio and computer network technology are promising. Although digital audio technology is spreading, the size of the totally digital systems is still limited. Fiber optic and large capacity optical disks offer attractive alternatives to traditional techniques (cabling, multitrack recorders, sound archives, routing). The digital audio standards are evolving from point to point communication to network communication. A 1 Gbit/s network could be the backbone of a solution.

  13. Coal surface control for advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies. Final report, September 19, 1988--August 31, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morsi, B.I.; Chiang, S.H.; Sharkey, A.; Blachere, J.; Klinzing, G.; Araujo, G.; Cheng, Y.S.; Gray, R.; Streeter, R.; Bi, H.; Campbell, P.; Chiarlli, P.; Ciocco, M.; Hittle, L.; Kim, S.; Kim, Y.; Perez, L.; Venkatadri, R.

    1992-12-31

    This final report presents the research work carried out on the Coal Surface Control for Advanced Physical Fine Coal Cleaning Technologies project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (DOE/PETC). The project was to support the engineering development of the selective agglomeration technology in order to reduce the sulfur content of US coals for controlling SO{sub 2} emissions (i.e., acid rain precursors). The overall effort was a part of the DOE/PETCs Acid Rain Control Initiative (ARCI). The overall objective of the project is to develop techniques for coal surface control prior to the advanced physical fine coal cleaning process of selective agglomeration in order to achieve 85% pyrite sulfur rejection at an energy recovery greater than 85% based on run-of-mine coal. The surface control is meant to encompass surface modification during grinding and laboratory beneficiation testing. The project includes the following tasks: Project planning; methods for analysis of samples; development of standard beneficiation test; grinding studies; modification of particle surface; and exploratory R&D and support. The coal samples used in this project include three base coals, Upper Freeport - Indiana County, PA, Pittsburgh NO. 8 - Belmont County, OH, and Illinois No. 6 - Randolph County, IL, and three additional coals, Upper Freeport - Grant County- WV, Kentucky No. 9 Hopkins County, KY, and Wyodak - Campbell County, WY. A total of 149 drums of coal were received.

  14. Developing Technological Literacy: A Case Study of Technology Integration in a Latina Liberal Arts College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razfar, Aria

    2008-01-01

    Over the last 10 years, information technology has been the fastest growing sector in the global economy. Nevertheless, technology and computer-based instruction have not been sufficiently integrated into the curriculum especially at institutions that serve primarily language minority, low income, and first generation, female college populations.…

  15. Anatomy, technology, art, and culture: toward a realistic perspective of the brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcanti, Daniel D; Feindel, William; Goodrich, James T; Dagi, T Forcht; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Preul, Mark C

    2009-09-01

    In the 15th century, brain illustration began to change from a schematic system that involved scant objective rendering of the brain, to accurate depictions based on anatomical dissections that demanded significant artistic talent. Notable examples of this innovation are the drawings of Leonardo da Vinci (1498-1504), Andreas Vesalius' association with the bottega of Titian to produce the drawings of Vesalius' De humani corporis fabrica (1543), and Christopher Wren's illustrations for Thomas Willis' Cerebri Anatome (1664). These works appeared during the Renaissance and Age of Enlightenment, when advances in brain imaging, or really brain rendering, reflected not only the abilities and dedications of the artists, but also the influences of important cultural and scientific factors. Anatomy and human dissection became popular social phenomena as well as scholarly pursuits, linked with the world of the fine arts. The working philosophy of these artists involved active participation in both anatomical study and illustration, and the belief that their discoveries of the natural world could best be communicated by rendering them in objective form (that is, with realistic perspective). From their studies emerged the beginning of contemporary brain imaging. In this article, the authors examine how the brain began to be imaged in realism within a cultural and scientific milieu that witnessed the emergence of anatomical dissection, the geometry of linear perspective, and the closer confluence of art and science.

  16. Set up the secondary vocational school fine arts discipline adapted to regional development——In Xinjiang art school fine arts discipline specialties, for example%设置与区域发展相适应的中职学校美术学科专业——以新疆艺术学校美术学科专业设置为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晶

    2015-01-01

    本文针对新疆艺术学校这所中等职业学校近三年的美术学科专业设置、专业建设情况进行综合对比,并对现状与问题进行客观分析,提出中职学校美术学科专业设置与调整应以促进国家、地方经济和社会发展以及中职教育自身发展为目的,主动适应社会发展、适应市场经济体制改革的要求,按美术学科专业发展基本原则进行战略性调整,逐步建立与区域发展形势相适应的中职美术学科专业结构体系这一观点.并就本校美术学科专业结构调整提出了初步的改革思路和目标.%This paper compares the Xinjiang art school in nearly three years the art discipline professional settings, the specialty construction, and carry on objective analysis of the status quo and problems, proposed secondary vocational school fine arts discipline professional setting and adjustment should be to promote national and local economic and social development as well as the development of secondary vocational education itself, for the purpose of the initiative to adapt to the social development, to meet the needs of market economic system reform, according to the fine arts discipline development basic principles of strategic adjustment, gradually establish a compatible with regional development situation of secondary vocational art structure system of disciplines that view. Put forward in the school fine arts discipline structure adjustment preliminary reform train of thought and goal.

  17. Microcomputers in Art Education: An Introductory Vocabulary for Art Teachers Who Need To Make Sense of New Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouch, Ginny

    This booklet provides introductory information and terminology for art teachers concerning the use of microcomputers in elementary and secondary school art classes. Part 1 describes the sizes and uses of microcomputers and distinguishes between maxi, mini, micro, lap, and handheld computers. Part 2 discusses: (1) basic microcomputer hardware and…

  18. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Zhuo Dehui graduated from Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts in 1973 with a specialty in lacquer painting, and shortly thereafter began teaching at the school. Zhuo has conducted research and actively created decorative art for many decades, and has often led groups of students deep into the areas inhabited by minority nationalities, The two paintings shown here represent his impressions and depictions of

  19. Dumbing down Art in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanger, David

    1993-01-01

    Argues that art education does not meet its objective of creativity and instead is replicative rather than original. Contends educational journals such as "Instructor" and "Good Apple" reduce fine art to its antithesis, popular art. Concludes that art educators must work diligently to protect fine art from becoming "dumb…

  20. State of the art of technologies thermosolar to concentration; Estado del arte de las tecnologias termosolares a concentracion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos Berume, Carlos; Huacuz Villamar, Jorge M; Medrano Vaca, M. Consolacion [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    Nowadays Research and Development activities on Solar Thermal Power Generating Systems are supported by some countries around the world. Because of their thermal nature each of these plants can be operated only with solar energy or can be hybridized (solar/fossil fuel) and also with thermal storage systems. These types of solar thermal power plants are: Central Receiver, a circular field of tracking mirrors called helisotats reflects the solar energy onto receiver mounted on top of a central tower. Parabolic Trough, use linear parabolic concentrators to reflect sunlight to a receiver along the focal line (metallic pipe). Inside the pipe solar energy is absorbed in a working fluid with temperatures up to 390 Celsius degrees, which is then piped to a central location to power a conventional steam turbine and Parabolic Dish uses a parabolic dish concentrator to focus solar energy to a receiver and a heat engine/generator, located at the focus of the dish, to generate electrical power. In this document, we present the current status of technologies. A description of market opportunities, cost and technological perspectives are also included. [Spanish] Actualmente la Investigacion and Desarrollo para la generacion de potencia electrica mediante el aprovechamiento de la energia solar por la ruta termodinamica esta siendo apoyada por varios paises. Debido a su naturaleza termica estas pueden operar bajo esquemas de operacion solo con energia solar o en forma de plantas hibridas (solar-combustible fosil) y en algunos casos adaptadas con sistemas de almacenamiento termico. Los tipos de plantas solares de generacion electrica son: Receptor Central (RC), utilizan un campo colector con dispositivos llamados heliostatos arreglados en un campo circular y reflejando la radiacion solar sobre un receptor montado en la parte mas alta de una torre. Canal Parabolica (CP), estas plantas utilizan espejos curvados en forma de una parabola que redirigen los rayos del sol sobre su linea

  1. Cavemen were better at depicting quadruped walking than modern artists: erroneous walking illustrations in the fine arts from prehistory to today.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabor Horvath

    Full Text Available The experts of animal locomotion well know the characteristics of quadruped walking since the pioneering work of Eadweard Muybridge in the 1880s. Most of the quadrupeds advance their legs in the same lateral sequence when walking, and only the timing of their supporting feet differ more or less. How did this scientific knowledge influence the correctness of quadruped walking depictions in the fine arts? Did the proportion of erroneous quadruped walking illustrations relative to their total number (i.e. error rate decrease after Muybridge? How correctly have cavemen (upper palaeolithic Homo sapiens illustrated the walking of their quadruped prey in prehistoric times? The aim of this work is to answer these questions. We have analyzed 1000 prehistoric and modern artistic quadruped walking depictions and determined whether they are correct or not in respect of the limb attitudes presented, assuming that the other aspects of depictions used to determine the animals gait are illustrated correctly. The error rate of modern pre-Muybridgean quadruped walking illustrations was 83.5%, much more than the error rate of 73.3% of mere chance. It decreased to 57.9% after 1887, that is in the post-Muybridgean period. Most surprisingly, the prehistoric quadruped walking depictions had the lowest error rate of 46.2%. All these differences were statistically significant. Thus, cavemen were more keenly aware of the slower motion of their prey animals and illustrated quadruped walking more precisely than later artists.

  2. A study on manufacturing technology of materials for fine chemical industry use (muscovite, sericite)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Jung-Il; Shin, Hee-Young; Hwang, Seon-Kook; Ahn, Ji-Hwan; Bae, Kwang-Hyun [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-01

    For the technical development on utilization of unused mineral resources, the study was carried out on the highly purification and mineral processing of domestic Sericite and Muscovite. This study was also carried out to make the functional materials for the use of fine chemical industry. Scope and content of study: 1) A study on the high purification and mineral processing for sericite and muscovite. 2) A study on the surface treatment of fine particles of sericite and muscovite. EDAX analysis on surface treated Mica shows that absorbed area on mica surface appears about 56 wt% when reaction period of 75 min. The result on image analysis on the surface treated mica comparing with that of EDAX analysis appears that the material was stabilized when passing the 1st yielding point. The dry process of surface modification on mica was applied by using {Theta}-composer. The result shows that whiteness of the mica increases upto 91 at 20 min. grinding period. Polymer microcapsulation was carried out on the mica surface. The result shows that materials appear excellent hydrophobic property which is one of important factors for making cosmetics. Based on the applying test of mineral processing on Dong-jin mica, the result shows that high quality mica is recovered. Especially, lithium mica produced in the mine will be further studied in the next year project. (author). 26 refs., 36 tabs., 61 figs.

  3. Development of accelerated dewatering technology for managing oil sands fine fluid tailings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lahaie, R. [Syncrude Canada Ltd., Fort McMurray, AB (Canada); Seto, J.T.C. [BGC Engineering Inc., Edmonton, AB (Canada); Chapman, D. [O' Kane Consultants Inc., Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Carrier, W.D. III [Argila Enterprises Inc., Lakeland, FL (United States)

    2010-07-01

    This article discussed an accelerated dewatering technique being applied and tested for managing fine fluid tailings produced from oil sands mining. The process involved rim ditching and a decant system to promote the drainage of surface waters and enhance the drying and densification of mature fine tailings (MFT). To field test the procedure, a deposit containing 60,000 cubic metres of in-line flocculated MFT was constructed and instrumented to monitor consolidation and dewatering response of the MFT deposit over time. Ten months after being filled, the deposit had settled about 1.2 metres, which corresponds to a 19 percent reduction in volume relative to initial filling. The field test will continue for several more years, during which time the deposit will continue to be monitored and sampled. The Florida phosphate industry has used rim ditching for over 20 years, but the process had never before been applied to oil sand tailings. The paper discussed the particular consolidation behaviour of MFT, the rim ditch concept, the layout of the containment pit and instrumentation, the pit filling procedure, and post-filling observations. 6 refs., 12 figs.

  4. [Flat-panel detector technology -State-of-the-art and future prospects-].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamazaki, Tatsuya

    2002-01-01

    A flat-panel detector (FPD) is a long-awaited technology to implement the digital X-ray imaging technology into the radiological department. This paper describes the state-of-the-art technology and future prospects on the FPD technology. State-of-the-art technology was reviewed taking the CXDI series as an example. Several FPD-based systems have been introduced into the Japanese market since CXDI-11 opened it in November 1998. Accompanying CXDI-C2 for control, CXDI-22 for table position and CXDI-31 for portable, the CXDI series fulfills the requirement of the radiography room being a fully digitalized room. The FPD on the CXDI series is comprised of a scintillator (Gd(2)O(2)S:Tb(3+)) as a primary sensor in which the X-ray is captured and an amorphous silicon detector (LANMIT) as a secondary sensor in which the fluorescent light is detected. Since the scintillator is identical to that of the screen-film systems, it can be said as proven, durable and chemically stable and it is expected to produce the same image quality as the screen-film systems. CXDI-31, a portable FPD-based system, was developed targeting thinner dimensions, lightweight, durability and high spatial resolution. Thoroughly re-designing the mechanical structure and reducing the power consumption at the readout IC realized thinner dimensions. Introducing the portable note PC technologies successfully combined lightweight with durability. Improving the sensor process and re-designing the layout made the sensor high resolution without compromising the signal-to-noise ratio. Future prospects were overviewed in the aspect of technology and applications. Sensitivity, spatial resolution, frame rate and portability were described as the upcoming technology. Increasing gain and reducing noise will realize higher sensitivity, especially by adopting the PbI(2), HgI(2) or such photoconductor materials as the primary sensor. Pixelized amplifier will also achieve higher sensitivity. Layered sensor designed such

  5. Combining Brain-Computer Interfaces and Assistive Technologies: State-of-the-Art and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José del R. Millán

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, new research has brought the field of EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI out of its infancy and into a phase of relative maturity through many demonstrated prototypes such as brain-controlled wheelchairs, keyboards, and computer games. With this proof-of-concept phase in the past, the time is now ripe to focus on the development of practical BCI technologies that can be brought out of the lab and into real-world applications. In particular, we focus on the prospect of improving the lives of countless disabled individuals through a combination of BCI technology with existing assistive technologies (AT. In pursuit of more practical BCIs for use outside of the lab, in this paper, we identify four application areas where disabled individuals could greatly benefit from advancements in BCI technology, namely,“Communication & Control”, “Motor Substitution”, “Entertainment”, and “Motor Recovery”. We review the current state of the art and possible future developments, while discussing the main research issues in these four areas. In particular, we expect the most progress in the development of technologies such as hybrid BCI architectures, user-machine adaptation algorithms, the exploitation of users’ mental states for BCI reliability and confidence measures, the incorporation of principles in human-computer interaction (HCI to improve BCI usability, and the development of novel BCI technology including better EEG devices.

  6. Combining Brain-Computer Interfaces and Assistive Technologies: State-of-the-Art and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millán, J D R; Rupp, R; Müller-Putz, G R; Murray-Smith, R; Giugliemma, C; Tangermann, M; Vidaurre, C; Cincotti, F; Kübler, A; Leeb, R; Neuper, C; Müller, K-R; Mattia, D

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, new research has brought the field of electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interfacing (BCI) out of its infancy and into a phase of relative maturity through many demonstrated prototypes such as brain-controlled wheelchairs, keyboards, and computer games. With this proof-of-concept phase in the past, the time is now ripe to focus on the development of practical BCI technologies that can be brought out of the lab and into real-world applications. In particular, we focus on the prospect of improving the lives of countless disabled individuals through a combination of BCI technology with existing assistive technologies (AT). In pursuit of more practical BCIs for use outside of the lab, in this paper, we identify four application areas where disabled individuals could greatly benefit from advancements in BCI technology, namely, "Communication and Control", "Motor Substitution", "Entertainment", and "Motor Recovery". We review the current state of the art and possible future developments, while discussing the main research issues in these four areas. In particular, we expect the most progress in the development of technologies such as hybrid BCI architectures, user-machine adaptation algorithms, the exploitation of users' mental states for BCI reliability and confidence measures, the incorporation of principles in human-computer interaction (HCI) to improve BCI usability, and the development of novel BCI technology including better EEG devices.

  7. Small Wind Turbine Technology Assessment; Estado del Arte de la Tecnologia de Pequeos Aerogeneradores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avia Aranda, F.; Cruz Cruz, I. [CIEMAT. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-03-01

    The result of the study carried out under the scope of the ATYCA project Test Plant of Wind Systems for Isolated Applications, about the state of art of the small wind turbine technology (wind turbines with swept area smaller than 40 m``2) is presented. The study analyzes the collected information on 60 models of wind turbines from 23 manufactures in the worldwide market. Data from Chinese manufacturers, that have a large participation in the total number of small turbines in operation, are not included, due to the unavailability of the technical information. (Author) 15 refs.

  8. A study on the manufacturing technology of material for fine chemical and electronic industry use.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sang-Keun; Kim, Byoung-Gon; Chung, Hun-Saeng [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (KR)] (and others)

    1999-12-01

    The research results are summarized as follows; (1) An investigation on ultra-fine grinding characteristics of crystalline graphite on dry base system by vacuum technique was performed. Natural graphite grinding is inefficient, since graphite has lamella structures which cause the high lubrication by slipping of the layers. However, this lamella structure causes difficulty in grinding. Interposition states of grinding obstacle materials between graphite layers was proposed. (2) An investigation on the oxygen adsorption characteristics of ultrafine crystalline graphite powders(produced by grinding in vacuum) by surface treatment using an attrition mill on dry base was carried out. Adsorbed oxygen on graphite surface was known to influence the suspension stability of graphite particles. (3) The result of scale-up test shows that sericite concentrate obtained about 31.91% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 9.76% K{sub 2}0 and 1.45% Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The process of grinding and classification is obtained fine mica mean size of 2.39 {mu}m such as 3.5 wt.% yield. (4) The dry process of surface modification has been achieved up to 91 for whiteness as 20 min ground samples. Polymer microcapsulation was carried out on the mica surface. The results are excellent hydrophobic properties which is applied cosmetics industry. The results shows a possibility of producing nano size composite materials of 200-500nm and emitting test on purified sericite appears 0.914-0.915 intensity in wave length of 5-20 {mu}m. The delamination effect of surface coated sericite and Muscovite by using Theta-composer. (author). 105 refs., 56 tabs., 139 figs.

  9. Studies on manufacturing technology of materials for fine chemical and electronic industry use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, S.K.; Kim, B.G.; Chung, H.S.; Lee, J.C. [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-01

    Fine natural crystalline graphite which is used as a source material of a high electrically conductive film and an addition of advanced high functional solid lubricant. For use high electrically conductive film and advanced high functional solid lubricant, add new and advanced high functional properties to fine graphite powder through surface modification with gas and organic materials. Surface modification methods: 1) Searching for suitable surfactant to improve dispersing characteristics in aqueous system. 2) Adsorption with oxygen on graphite surface to improve dispersing characteristics in oil. 3) Mechanochemical process using hybridization system is to shape control and spontaneous re-arrangement of the surface layer and interaction between the particle surface and extraneous molecules. In aqueous system, the optimum conditions for graphite to disperse is with 0.3-0.5% concentrations of surfactant Lomar D PWA-40 at pH range 10-11. In order to improve dispersing characteristics in oil, the optimum conditions to adsorb over 3.5% with oxygen on graphite surface are as follows: - Tip speed {yields} 3.9 m/sec, - Reaction time {yields} at least 30 min. at 120 deg.C - inert gas and pressure {yields} dried air, 1 kgf/cm{sup 2}. The oxygen contents acts critical point for dispersing graphite in oil system so needs to control oxygen contents by use of air pressure in reacting mill. Chemical methods for coating with Stearic acid and Paraffin need above 15 weight % to graphite powders. Mechanochemical process using hybridization system is to shape control and spontaneous re-arrangement of the surface layer and interaction between the particle surface and extraneous molecules. (author). 45 refs., 9 tabs., 23 figs.

  10. Numerical simulation of the stress – strain state of technological tools for fine drawing

    OpenAIRE

    Порубов, А. В.; Мельникова, Т. Е.

    2014-01-01

    An urgent task is to ensure the long life of the technological tool, namely the expensive diamond dies, which can significantly improve the efficiency of the production of wire. Strength Evaluation of technological tools, numerical simulation of the stress – strain state of the diamond drawing tool in the finite – element package ANSYS. Calculation of strain and stress state of the diamond drawing tool for drawing copper and nickel – plated wire with the operating pressure and the pressing fo...

  11. Using E-Learning Portfolio Technology To Support Visual Art Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greer Jones-Woodham

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by self-directed learning (SDL theories, this paper uses learning portfolios as a reflective practice to improve student learning and develop personal responsibility, growth and autonomy in learning in a Visual Arts course. Students use PowerPoint presentations to demonstrate their concepts by creating folders that are linked to e-portfolios on the University website. This paper establishes the role of learning e-portfolios to improve teaching and learning as a model of reflection, collaboration and documentation in the making of art as a self-directed process. These portfolios link students' creative thinking to their conceptual frameworks. They also establish a process of inquiry using journals to map students' processes through their reflections and peer feedback. This practice argues that learning e-portfolios in studio art not only depends on a set of objectives whose means are justified by an agreed end but also depends on a practice that engages students' reflection about their actions while in their art- making practice. Using the principles of the maker as the intuitive and reflective practitioner, the making as the process in which the learning e-portfolios communicate the process and conceptual frameworks of learning and the eventual product, and the made as evidence of that learning in light of progress made, this paper demonstrates that learning-in-action and reflecting-in and-on-action are driven by self-direction. With technology, students bring their learning context to bear with the use of SDL. Students' use of PowerPoint program technology in making their portfolios is systematic and builds on students' competencies as this process guides students' beliefs and actions about their work that is based on theory and concepts in response to a visual culture that is Trinidad and Tobago. Students' self–directed art-making process as a self directed learning, models the process of articulated learning. Communicating about

  12. Using E-Learning Portfolio Technology To Support Visual Art Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greer Jones-Woodham

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by self-directed learning (SDL theories, this paper uses learning portfolios as a reflective practice to improve student learning and develop personal responsibility, growth and autonomy in learning in a Visual Arts course. Students use PowerPoint presentations to demonstrate their concepts by creating folders that are linked to e-portfolios on the University website. This paper establishes the role of learning e-portfolios to improve teaching and learning as a model of reflection, collaboration and documentation in the making of art as a self-directed process. These portfolios link students' creative thinking to their conceptual frameworks. They also establish a process of inquiry using journals to map students' processes through their reflections and peer feedback. This practice argues that learning e-portfolios in studio art not only depends on a set of objectives whose means are justified by an agreed end but also depends on a practice that engages students' reflection about their actions while in their art- making practice. Using the principles of the maker as the intuitive and reflective practitioner, the making as the process in which the learning e-portfolios communicate the process and conceptual frameworks of learning and the eventual product, and the made as evidence of that learning in light of progress made, this paper demonstrates that learning-in-action and reflecting-in and-on-action are driven by self-direction. With technology, students bring their learning context to bear with the use of SDL. Students' use of PowerPoint program technology in making their portfolios is systematic and builds on students' competencies as this process guides students' beliefs and actions about their work that is based on theory and concepts in response to a visual culture that is Trinidad and Tobago. Students' self–directed art-making process as a self directed learning, models the process of articulated learning. Communicating about

  13. Efficient thermal desalination technologies with renewable energy systems: A state-of-the-art review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esfahani, Iman Janghorban; Rashidi, Jouan; Ifaei, Pouya; Yoo, ChangKyoo [Center for Environmental Studies, Kyung Hee University, Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-02-15

    Due to the current fossil fuel crisis and associated adverse environmental impacts, renewable energy sources (RES) have drawn interest as alternatives to fossil fuels for powering water desalination systems. Over the last few decades the utility of renewable energy sources such as solar, geothermal, and wind to run desalination processes has been explored. However, the expansion of these technologies to larger scales is hampered by techno-economic and thermo-economic challenges. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art in the field of renewable energy-powered thermal desalination systems (RE-PTD) to compare their productivity and efficiency through thermodynamic, economic, and environmental analyses. We performed a comparative study using published data to classify RE-PTD systems technologies on the basis of the energy collection systems that they use. Among RE-PTD systems, solar energy powered-thermal desalination systems demonstrate high thermo-environ-economic efficiency to produce fresh water to meet various scales of demand.

  14. Ceramic dental biomaterials and CAD/CAM technology: state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Raymond Wai Kim; Chow, Tak Wah; Matinlinna, Jukka Pekka

    2014-10-01

    Ceramics are widely used as indirect restorative materials in dentistry because of their high biocompatibility and pleasing aesthetics. The objective is to review the state of the arts of CAD/CAM all-ceramic biomaterials. CAD/CAM all-ceramic biomaterials are highlighted and a subsequent literature search was conducted for the relevant subjects using PubMed followed by manual search. Developments in CAD/CAM technology have catalyzed researches in all-ceramic biomaterials and their applications. Feldspathic glass ceramic and glass infiltrated ceramic can be fabricated by traditional laboratory methods or CAD/CAM. The advent of polycrystalline ceramics is a direct result of CAD/CAM technology without which the fabrication would not have been possible. The clinical uses of these ceramics have met with variable clinical success. Multiple options are now available to the clinicians for the fabrication of aesthetic all ceramic restorations. Copyright © 2014 Japan Prosthodontic Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Recording and Reading Alchemy and Art-Technology in Medieval and Premodern German Recipe Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neven, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    In the Middle Ages and the premodern period knowledge of alchemical practices and materials was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with art-technological instructions. In both alchemy and chemical technology particular importance is placed on artisanal and craft practices. Both are concerned with the description of colours. Both require procedures involving precise and specifically defined actions, prescriptions and ingredients. Assuming that alchemical and artistic texts have the same textual format, this raises the question: were they produced, diffused and read by the same people? This paper investigates the authorship and the context of production behind a sample of German alchemical manuscripts dating from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. It scrutinizes their process of production, compilation and dissemination. This paper also sheds light on the various types of marginalia, and correlates them with their diverse functions. It thus delivers significant information about the readers and users of these manuscripts.

  16. Technology Integration around the Geographic Information: A State of the Art

    CERN Document Server

    Ponce-Medellin, Rafael; Vargas, Rocio; Ruiz, Lirio

    2009-01-01

    One of the elements that have popularized and facilitated the use of geographical information on a variety of computational applications has been the use of Web maps; this has opened new research challenges on different subjects, from locating places and people, the study of social behavior or the analyzing of the hidden structures of the terms used in a natural language query used for locating a place. However, the use of geographic information under technological features is not new, instead it has been part of a development and technological integration process. This paper presents a state of the art review about the application of geographic information under different approaches: its use on location based services, the collaborative user participation on it, its contextual-awareness, its use in the Semantic Web and the challenges of its use in natural languge queries. Finally, a prototype that integrates most of these areas is presented.

  17. Technology Integration around the Geographic Information: A State of the Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocio Vargas

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the elements that have popularized and facilitated the use of geographical information on a variety of computational applications has been the use of Web maps; this has opened new research challenges on different subjects, from locating places and people, the study of social behavior or the analyzing of the hidden structures of the terms used in a natural language query used for locating a place. However, the use of geographic information under technological features is not new, instead it has been part of a development and technological integration process. This paper presents a state of the art review about the application of geographic information under different approaches: its use on location based services, the collaborative user participation on it, its contextual-awareness, its use in the Semantic Web and the challenges of its use in natural language queries. Finally, a prototype that integrates most of these areas is presented.

  18. Best-practice model for technology enhanced learning in the creative arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jess Power

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a best-practice model for the redesign of virtual learning environments (VLEs within creative arts to augment blended learning. In considering a blended learning best-practice model, three factors should be considered: the conscious and active human intervention, good learning design and pedagogical input, and the sensitive handling of the process by trained professionals. This study is based on a comprehensive VLE content analysis conducted across two academic schools within the creative arts at one Post-92 higher education (HE institution. It was found that four main barriers affect the use of the VLE within creative arts: lack of flexibility in relation to navigation and interface, time in developing resources, competency level of tutors (confidence in developing online resources balanced against other flexible open resources and factors affecting the engagement of ‘digital residents’. The experimental approach adopted in this study involved a partnership between the learning technology advisor and academic staff, which resulted in a VLE best-practice model that focused directly on improving aesthetics and navigation. The approach adopted in this study allowed a purposive sample of academic staff to engage as participants, stepping back cognitively from their routine practices in relation to their use of the VLE and questioning approaches to how they embed the VLE to support teaching and learning. The model presented in this paper identified a potential solution to overcome the challenges of integrating the VLE within creative arts. The findings of this study demonstrate positive impact on staff and student experience and provide a sustainable model of good practice for the redesign of the VLE within creative disciplines.

  19. CORRELATION BETWEEN TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS AND BASIC PROPERTIES OF MECHANICALLY ACTIVATED FINE CONCRETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Bolshakov

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The article highlights research of the influence of fine concrete composition based on blast-furnace slag on general material properties. Time of the concrete treatment in the mixer activator is included to the influence research. Methodology. There was realized full factor experiment of 22 type with following variables: cement versus blast-furnace granulose slag ratio (X1 and time of the treatment in the mixer-activator (X2. Controlled properties are: early concrete strength (Y1=f7 day, normal concrete strength (Y2=f28 day and average density of the concrete (Y3=ρ, hardened in normal conditions. Findings. Regress model analysis showed that decrease of the aggregate volume in concrete and increase of the mixing time grows up the strength and density of concrete. Different composition of the concrete also significantly affects concrete properties. Thus, for the same treatment time normal concrete strength at 28-day-old reduces by about 30% for compositions proportions 1:3 and 1:4, by 22% between a 1:4 and 1:5 and by 13% for 1:5 and 1:6 cases. The same behavior is obtained for early concrete strength. Density of concrete is not influenced and influence curve is almost flat. The difference between density values for different composition proportions 1:3 and 1:9 is 7.6% at equal mixture time. The increment of mixture processing time of 6 s increase normal concrete strength at 28-day-old about 7-8 % for all compositions in the studied range. Early strength values differ by 12-14 % between treatment time 30 and 36 seconds respectively. Every next six second increase step in treatment time reduce this difference by 1% for every mix compositions. There is practically no change of concrete density during the mixture time varying. Total change is 1-2% for 6 s in the entire research range for all compositions. Originality. For the first time the regression equations were determined, linking the duration of the activation of fine-grained concrete

  20. The fine art of aquascaping

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sanaye, S.V.; Tibile, R.M.

    trade in ornamental fish including plants and accessories is estimated at about US $22 billion (Rs. 1.08 trillion), However, the glo bal market for the ornamental fish for pUblic aquaria is less than 1% at present, while over 99% of the market for orna... arrangement and placement. For instance, large stones that are used in the aquarium should always be in odd num bers, i.e. 1,3,5 and so on. Zen itselfdraws a lot from nature, so it is no surprise that Zen has an influence on aquascaping. German Open Style...

  1. A Study of the Integrated Alignment of Technology and Organizational Strategic Planning in Small Private Liberal Arts Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Sheree A.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between technology planning and strategic planning in small private liberal arts colleges and universities that were members of the Appalachian College Association (ACA). The objective of the study was to determine if the technology initiatives were appropriately aligned to the…

  2. Thermal shock behavior of fine grained W-Y2O3 materials fabricated via two different manufacturing technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Mingyue; Zhou, Zhangjian; Zhong, Ming; Tan, Jun; Lian, Youyun; Liu, Xiang

    2016-03-01

    Thermal shock resistance of fine grained W-Y2O3 materials fabricated by two different manufacturing technologies (i.e. spark plasma sintering and high temperature sintering in combination with hot rolling deformation) was examined under transient high heat loads below and slightly above the melting threshold of pure tungsten. The tests were performed with the electron beam test facility EMS-60 at Southwestern Institute of Physics, China. The comparison of the thermal shock response in this work showed that the deformed W-Y2O3 performed a superior behavior to spark plasma sintered W-Y2O3 in suppressing the crack formation, melting resistance and recrystallization resistance. The thermo-physical properties and mechanical characterizations necessary for understanding the thermal shock response of these materials were also presented and discussed.

  3. 医学院校美术教育的定位和课程实施%Fine art education orientation and curriculum implementation at medical colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐越华

    2015-01-01

    Introducing fine art education into medical colleges and universities can not only cultivate medical students 'perception of beauty but also edify their sentiment,thus improving their humanities literacy.By combining with the teaching experience of Southern Medical University,this paper briefly expounds on the significance of fine art education at medical colleges and universities, design of teaching content,and process of curriculum implementation.%将美术教育引入医学院校,不仅可以培养医学生对美的感悟,而且能够陶冶其情操,提升其人文素养。文章结合南方医科大学的教学实践,简明阐述了美术教育在医学院校的意义、教学内容的设计及课程实施过程。

  4. 创造源自手指间--漫谈幼儿美术操作活动适宜性%Creation Comes from Practice:Discussion on the Suitabil-ity of Pre-school Fine Arts Operating Activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽华

    2013-01-01

    In fine arts operating activities, the basis of cultivating and developing students' fine arts creativity is to provide a variety of materials and properly guide the methods. Children find the fun of inquiry in the operation process, and keep the passion and unique creativity development in the use of materials.%  在美术操作活动中,多种多样材料的提供和方法的适宜指导是培养和开发幼儿美术创造力的基础所在。幼儿在操作的过程中寻求探究的乐趣,在材料运用中,保持对美术活动的热情和独有的创造力开发。

  5. 初中美术欣赏课教学方法之浅论%Introduction to Fine Arts Appreciation Course Teaching Methods in the Junior Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永勤

    2014-01-01

    Taking the appreciation teaching in middle school fine arts teaching as the main point of discussion,the teacher knows and un-derstands art systemly,classification of works of art appreciation,appreciation angle of art works and commonly used methods of appreciation-teaching .Through the works of ancient and modern,Chinese and foreign,the teacher elaborates teaching ideas of appreciation course, make art appreciation course really become the focus of the art teaching,to inject new vitality into the development of art education in the school.%以中学美术教学中的欣赏教学为主要论述点,系统地认识和了解美术欣赏,美术欣赏作品的分类,美术作品的欣赏角度,以及常用的欣赏教学方法。通过古今中外的作品例子,阐述欣赏课的教学观点,让美术欣赏课真正成为美术教学的重点,为学校美术教育发展注入新的活力。

  6. Extension of the Vane Pump-Grinder Technology to Manufacture Finely Dispersed Meat Batters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irmscher, Stefan B; Gibis, Monika; Herrmann, Kurt; Oechsle, Anja Maria; Kohlus, Reinhard; Weiss, Jochen

    2016-03-01

    A vane pump-grinder system was extended to enable the manufacture of finely dispersed emulsion-type sausages by constructing and attaching a high-shear homogenizer at the outlet. We hypothesized that the dispersing capabilities of the extended system may be improved to the point of facilitating meat-fat emulsification due to an overall increased volumetric energy input EV . Coarsely ground raw material mixtures were processed to yield meat batters at varying volume flow rates (10 to 60 L/min) and rotational rotor speeds of the homogenizer nrotor (1000 to 3400 rpm). The normalized torques acting on pump, grinder, and homogenizer motors were recorded and unit power consumptions were calculated. The structure of the manufactured meat batters and sausages were analyzed via image analysis. Key physicochemical properties of unheated and heated batters, that is, texture, water-binding, color, and solubilized protein were determined. The mean diameter d10 of the visible lean meat particles varied between 352 and 406 μm whereas the mean volume-surface diameter d32 varied between 603 and 796 μm. The lightness L* ranged from 66.2 to 70.7 and correlated with the volumetric energy input and product structure. By contrast, varying process parameters did not impact color values a* (approximately 11) and b* (approximately 8). Interestingly, water-binding and protein solubilization were not affected. An exponential process-structure relationship was identified allowing manufacturers to predict product properties as a function of applied process parameters. Raw material mixtures can be continuously comminuted, emulsified, and subsequently filled into casings using an extended vane pump-grinder.

  7. Evidence for Technology Interventions to Promote ART Adherence in Adult Populations: a Review of the Literature 2012-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amico, K Rivet

    2015-12-01

    Leveraging technology to enhance antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and factors associated with it, has tremendous appeal as a low-cost, generalizable strategy to offer high-quality adherence support given an increasingly limited workforce. As the numbers of individuals living with HIV entering care and initiating ART are expected to increase substantially worldwide in the next decade, capacity to support ART adherence is needed and use of computers, internet, and mobile phones has the potential to offer those efficiencies-provided they are effective. This review summarizes recent advances in the evidence base for technology-driven, technology-delivered, or technology-enhanced ART adherence intervention approaches. A PubMed search limited to January 2013 through July 2015 identified 13 qualifying studies evaluating computer-delivered interventions, internet approaches, mobile phone technologies, and electronic dose monitoring with triggered messaging and data-informed counseling. Considerable support for each area has emerged, with the majority of studies reviewed demonstrating significant effects on ART adherence and clinical outcomes. Gaps are identified and recommendations offered.

  8. On the Application of Correlation Strategy in the Teaching of College Fine Arts History%关联策略在大学美术史教学中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向宏年

    2011-01-01

    关联是指事物之间发生牵连和影响。在美术史教学中运用关联策略能让学生的认知结构产生更加顺利的迁移,从而有效促进教学。关联策略的主要方法有内容关联和形式关联。只要找到有价值的切入点,就可以运用关联策略辅助美术史教学。常用关联策略,力争让"关联"的思路成为学生学习美术史的一种意识和良好习惯。%Correlation means the relationship and inter-influence among things.The application of correlation strategy in fine arts history teaching is able to help the successful transferring of students' cognitive structure,so as to promote teaching.The main ways of correlation strategy are content correlation and style correlation. If valuable breakthrough point is found, correlation strategy can be utilized to aid fine arts history teaching. Teachers should constantly utilize correlation strategy, and try hard to make "correlation" am awareness and good habit in students' learning of fine arts history.

  9. Research on the Strategies of Improving the Effect of Higher Vocational Fine Arts Teaching%提高大专美术教学效果的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董雯

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the effect of higher vocational fine arts teaching, fine arts teachers should abandon the traditional"duck-stuffing" type of teaching, and make classroom teaching student-centered, which is also the concrete demands of the new curriculum teaching standard, and the guarantee of improving teaching effect. Starting from the practical situation of higher vo-cational fine arts teaching, this paper researches the strategies of improving the teaching effect.%  在当前大专院校美术教学中要想提高教学效果,美术教师应摒弃传统的填鸭式教学方法,切忌单纯追求教学形式,脱离学生主体,应从以教师为中心的课堂教学转变为以学生为中心的教学模式,这不但是新课程教学标准的具体要求,也是提高教学效果的保障。本文从大专美术教学实际出发,对提高教学效果的策略进行了研究。

  10. On the Basis and Source of Romanticism:Analysis on the Creation Methods of Fine Arts Works%浪漫主义的正本清源--分析美术作品的创作方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      美术作品具有较强的艺术性,在创作过程中需要具有独特的创新意识以及令人视觉一震的画面效果,美术作品创作中具有代表性的为浪漫主义画法以及传统学院派的画法两种不同的艺术表达形式,在美术作品美感传播过程中会具有不同的艺术效果。本文将主要对浪漫主义思潮的发展历史进行分析,并对浪漫主义美术作品的先驱者的作品进行相关的建设,进而对浪漫主义美术作品的创作手法进行相关的研究。%Fine arts works are highly artistic, and their unique in-novative consciousness can give people a shocking effect. In the creation of fine arts works, two presentative methods are romanti-cism and traditional academic school, which have different ex-pression styles respectively. This paper mainly analyzes the de-velopment history of romanticism, discusses relevant works and researches on the creation methods of fine arts works of romanti-cism.

  11. Optimization on manufacturing and testing technology for rectangle aperture off-axis aspheric mirror fine grinding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xi; Guo, Peiji; Wang, Dongdong

    2016-10-01

    High precision aspheric surface can be obtained conveniently by using single point diamond turning technology, liquidmagnetic polishing technology and ion beam polishing technology, but the costs of manufacturing is too enormous to be widely used. In fact, in the field of optical processing, the most commonly used technical solution is still making a best fit sphere firstly compared with aspheric equation, and then remove the material on the glass to correct the error between aspheric and best fit sphere by precision grinding and precision polishing. The resolving of the best-fit sphere and the material removal, however, is a very important problem during the fabrications. The two dimensional maps of surface error between the best fit sphere and the corresponding aspheric surface shows W shaped which has the maximum removal at the center and the edge of the workpeace and gradually reduces to zero at the 70.7 percent of the diameter. In the process of deterministic optical manufacturing, the edge effect will arise because of the change of machining conditions when polishing tool locates in edge area, which will lower the surface accuracy of workpiece and debase machining efficiency. W shaped error distribution and the edge effect will make it difficult to remove the error on the edge of the workpiece. Aiming at the situation, an algorithm available for control of edge effect is proposed. Considering the requirement of minimum material removal and the control of edge effect, the radius of the anti-edge effect sphere is calculated by programming. The advantage of the algorithm is shown by the comparison of results derived from new algorithm and empirical equation. At the same time, the application in the off-axis asphere fabrications also proves the correctness of the algorithm. This algorithm is very helpful for the theory and practice of the fabrications of off-axis asphere.

  12. Art-Science-Technology collaboration through immersive, interactive 3D visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellogg, L. H.

    2014-12-01

    At the W. M. Keck Center for Active Visualization in Earth Sciences (KeckCAVES), a group of geoscientists and computer scientists collaborate to develop and use of interactive, immersive, 3D visualization technology to view, manipulate, and interpret data for scientific research. The visual impact of immersion in a CAVE environment can be extremely compelling, and from the outset KeckCAVES scientists have collaborated with artists to bring this technology to creative works, including theater and dance performance, installations, and gamification. The first full-fledged collaboration designed and produced a performance called "Collapse: Suddenly falling down", choreographed by Della Davidson, which investigated the human and cultural response to natural and man-made disasters. Scientific data (lidar scans of disaster sites, such as landslides and mine collapses) were fully integrated into the performance by the Sideshow Physical Theatre. This presentation will discuss both the technological and creative characteristics of, and lessons learned from the collaboration. Many parallels between the artistic and scientific process emerged. We observed that both artists and scientists set out to investigate a topic, solve a problem, or answer a question. Refining that question or problem is an essential part of both the creative and scientific workflow. Both artists and scientists seek understanding (in this case understanding of natural disasters). Differences also emerged; the group noted that the scientists sought clarity (including but not limited to quantitative measurements) as a means to understanding, while the artists embraced ambiguity, also as a means to understanding. Subsequent art-science-technology collaborations have responded to evolving technology for visualization and include gamification as a means to explore data, and use of augmented reality for informal learning in museum settings.

  13. Novel in silico technology in combination with microarrays: a state-of-the-art technology for allergy diagnosis and management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melioli, Giovanni; Passalacqua, Giovanni; Canonica, Giorgio W

    2014-12-01

    'Allergen microarrays, in poly-sensitized allergic patients, represent a real value added in the accurate IgE profiling and in the identification of allergen(s) to administer for an effective allergen immunotherapy.' Allergen microarrays (AMA) were developed in the early 2000s to improve the diagnostic pathway of patients with allergic reactions. Nowadays, AMA are constituted by more than 100 different components (either purified or recombinant), representing genuine and cross-reacting molecules from plants and animals. The cost of the procedure had suggested its use as third-level diagnostics (following in vivo- and in vitro-specific IgE tests) in poly-sensitized patients. The complexity of the interpretation had inspired the development of in silico technologies to help clinicians in their work. Both machine learning techniques and expert systems are now available. In particular, an expert system that has been recently developed not only identifies positive and negative components but also lists dangerous components and classifies patients based on their potential responsiveness to allergen immunotherapy, on the basis of published algorithms. For these characteristics, AMA represents the state-of-the-art technology for allergy diagnosis in poly-sensitized patients.

  14. Light and dark an exploration in science, nature, art and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Greene, David

    2002-01-01

    An entertaining, instructive, diverse, and unusual book, Light and Dark: An Exploration in Science, Nature, Art and Technology encompasses a wide range of topics not normally found in one book.With more than 100 diagrams, graphs, and figures, the subjects discussed include the history of artificial lighting, eclipse cycles, light-sensitive eyeglasses, rainbows, art, bioluminescence, the clock setting at the South Pole, zebra stripe patterns, lighthouses, color perception, the harvest moon, and how information and speech can be conveyed by light from the sun or a laser.The book encourages readers to take a more careful look at many familiar phenomena, such as the variations in the duration of twilight through the year and the ability of human vision to misinterpret patterns of lines under certain conditions. It describes the anatomical peculiarities of four-eyed fish and explains how the Jewish calendar contrives to follow both solar and lunar cycles. It also presents the reasons why tortoise shell cats are al...

  15. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies - froth flotation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferris, D.D.; Bencho, J.R. [ICF Kaiser Engineers, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1995-11-01

    In 1988, ICF Kaiser Engineers was awarded DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-88PC88881 to research, develop, engineer and design a commercially acceptable advanced froth flotation coal cleaning technology. The DOE initiative is in support of the continued utilization of our most abundant energy resource. Besides the goal of commercialability, coal cleaning performance and product quality goals were established by the DOE for this and similar projects. primary among these were the goals of 85 percent energy recovery and 85 percent pyrite rejection. Three nationally important coal resources were used for this project: the Pittsburgh No. 8 coal, the Upper Freeport coal, and the Illinois No. 6 coal. Following is a summary of the key findings of this project.

  16. State-of-the-art technology in modern computer-aided drug design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalkas, Georgios A; Vlachakis, Dimitrios; Tsagkrasoulis, Dimosthenis; Kastania, Anastasia; Kossida, Sophia

    2013-11-01

    The quest for small drug-like compounds that selectively inhibit the function of biological targets has always been a major focus in the pharmaceutical industry and in academia as well. High-throughput screening of compound libraries requires time, cost and resources. Therefore, the use of alternative methods is necessary for facilitating lead discovery. Computational techniques that dock small molecules into macromolecular targets and predict the affinity and activity of the small molecule are widely used in drug design and discovery, and have become an integral part of the industrial and academic research. In this review, we present an overview of some state-of-the-art technologies in modern drug design that have been developed for expediting the search for novel drug candidates.

  17. Aeroelastic Tailoring of Transport Aircraft Wings: State-of-the-Art and Potential Enabling Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jutte, Christine; Stanford, Bret K.

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a brief overview of the state-of-the-art for aeroelastic tailoring of subsonic transport aircraft and offers additional resources on related research efforts. Emphasis is placed on aircraft having straight or aft swept wings. The literature covers computational synthesis tools developed for aeroelastic tailoring and numerous design studies focused on discovering new methods for passive aeroelastic control. Several new structural and material technologies are presented as potential enablers of aeroelastic tailoring, including selectively reinforced materials, functionally graded materials, fiber tow steered composite laminates, and various nonconventional structural designs. In addition, smart materials and structures whose properties or configurations change in response to external stimuli are presented as potential active approaches to aeroelastic tailoring.

  18. X-ray fluorescence and ion beam analysis of iridescent Art Nouveau glass - authenticity and technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jembrih-Simbürger, D.; Neelmeijer, C.; Mäder, M.; Schreiner, M.

    2004-11-01

    EDXRF analysis with subsequent multivariate data analysis proves useful for the determination of the authenticity of iridescent glass artifacts. Thus, clusters of the glass groups investigated were formed which can be associated with the glass manufacturers. By means of ion beam analysis with the external proton beam the producing technology of iridescent glass objects of the Art Nouveau glass manufacturer Loetz/Austria with so-called Papillon pattern was characterised in a non-destructive way. Due to the simultaneous application of PIXE and RBS the glass structure including a sequence of glass layers covered with a SnO 2-layer of approximately 50 nm thickness on the surface could be described.

  19. X-ray fluorescence and ion beam analysis of iridescent Art Nouveau glass - authenticity and technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jembrih-Simbuerger, D. E-mail: d.jembrih@akbild.ac.at; Neelmeijer, C.; Maeder, M.; Schreiner, M

    2004-11-01

    EDXRF analysis with subsequent multivariate data analysis proves useful for the determination of the authenticity of iridescent glass artifacts. Thus, clusters of the glass groups investigated were formed which can be associated with the glass manufacturers. By means of ion beam analysis with the external proton beam the producing technology of iridescent glass objects of the Art Nouveau glass manufacturer Loetz/Austria with so-called Papillon pattern was characterised in a non-destructive way. Due to the simultaneous application of PIXE and RBS the glass structure including a sequence of glass layers covered with a SnO{sub 2}-layer of approximately 50 nm thickness on the surface could be described.

  20. Environmental impacts and benefits of state-of-the-art technologies for E-waste management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikhlayel, Mahdi

    2017-10-01

    This study aims to evaluate the environmental impacts and benefits of state-of-the-art technologies for proper e-waste handling using Jordan as a case study. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was employed to evaluate five advanced management systems represent state-of-the-art treatment technologies, including sanitary landfilling; proper recycling of metals, materials, and precious metals (PMs); and incineration of plastic and the hazardous portion of printed circuit boards (PCBs). Six e-waste products that contribute the most to the e-waste in Jordan were included in the assessment of each scenario, which resulted in 30 total cases of e-waste management. The findings indicated that landfills for the entire components of the e-waste stream are the worst option and should be avoided. The most promising e-waste management scenario features integrated e-waste processes based on the concept of Integrated Waste Management (IWM), including recycling materials such as non-PMs and PMs, incinerating plastic and the hazardous content of PCBs using the energy recovered from incineration, and using sanitary landfills of residues. For this scenario, the best environmental performance was obtained for the treatment of mobile phones. Incineration of the portion of hazardous waste using energy recovery is an option that deserves attention. Because scenario implementation depends on more than just the environmental benefits (e.g., economic cost and technical aspects), the study proposes a systematic approach founded on the IWM concept for e-waste management scenario selection. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopic determination of plutonium speciation at the Rocky Flats environmental technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lezama-pacheco, Juan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Conradson, Steven D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clark, David L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy was used to probe the speciation of the ppm level Pu in thirteen soil and concrete samples from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site in support of the site remediation effort that has been successfully completed since these measurements. In addition to X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectra, two of the samples yielded Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure spectra that could be analyzed by curve-fits. Most of these spectra exhibited features consistent with PU(IV), and more specificaJly, PuO{sub 2+x}-type speciation. Two were ambiguous, possibly indicating that Pu that was originally present in a different form was transforming into PuO{sub 2+x}, and one was interpreted as demonstrating the presence of an unusual Pu(VI) compound, consistent with its source being spills from a PUREX purification line onto a concrete floor and the resultant extreme conditions. These experimental results therefore validated models that predicted that insoluble PuO{sub 2+x} would be the most stable form of Pu in equilibrium with air and water even when the source terms were most likely Pu metal with organic compounds or a Pu fire. A corollary of these models' predictions and other in situ observations is therefore that the minimal transport of Pu that occurred on the site was via the resuspension and mobilization of colloidal particles. Under these conditions, the small amounts of diffusely distributed Pu that were left on the site after its remediation pose only a negligible hazard.

  2. BRAZILIAN JIU-JITSU AND MMA: the use of new technologies for teaching Combats and Martial Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Filier Cazetto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is an experience relate about Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and MMA teaching. In 2010 there has been used digital technology in martial arts gym. The students group were teenagers aging between 16 and 18 years old. The instruments used have been listed for reflections just a few months after the classes. Electronic Mail, Digital Video, Youtube®, Orkut® and Skype® seems to be viable and helpful in martial arts teaching. New technology should be used for planning and applying physical education contents.

  3. When Art & Finance Collide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Fine art and big finance are proving a profitable combination in China but questions of authenticity need to be addressed CHINA’S art market is on fire.As sales and prices break records,a new force has appeared in the market - organized art finance in the form of art trust funds and artwork exchanges.

  4. Performing arts as a social technology for community health promotion in northern Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Frishkopf

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We present first-phase results of a performing arts public health intervention, ‘Singing and Dancing for Health,’ aiming to promote healthier behaviors in Ghana’s impoverished Northern Region. We hypothesize that live music and dance drama provide a powerful technology to overcome barriers such as illiteracy, lack of adequate media access, inadequate health resources, and entrenched sociocultural attitudes. Our research objective is to evaluate this claim. Methods: In this first phase, we evaluated the effectiveness of arts interventions in improving knowledge and behaviors associated with reduced incidence of malaria and cholera, focusing on basic information and simple practices, such as proper hand washing. Working with the Youth Home Cultural Group, we codeveloped two ‘dance dramas’ delivering health messages through dialog, lyrics, and drama, using music and dance to attract spectators, focus attention, infuse emotion, and socialize impact. We also designed knowledge, attitude, and behavior surveys as measurement instruments. Using purposive sampling, we selected three contrasting test villages in the vicinity, contrasting in size and demographics. With cooperation of chiefs, elders, elected officials, and Ghana Health Service officers, we conducted a baseline survey in each village. Next, we performed the interventions, and subsequently conducted follow-up surveys. Using a more qualitative approach, we also tracked a select subgroup, conducted focus group studies, and collected testimonials. Surveys were coded and data were analyzed by Epi Info. Results: Both quantitative and qualitative methods indicated that those who attended the dance drama performances were likelier than those who did not attend to list the causal, preventive, and transmission factors of malaria and cholera. Also, the same attendees were likelier than nonattendees to list some activities they do to prevent malaria, cholera, and other sanitation

  5. Enhancing Science Literacy and Art History Engagement at Princeton Through Collaboration Between the University Art Museum and the Council on Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riihimaki, C. A.; White, V. M.

    2016-12-01

    The importance of innovative science education for social science and humanities students is often under-appreciated by science departments, because these students typically do not take science courses beyond general education requirements, nor do they contribute to faculty research programs. However, these students are vitally important in society—for example as business leaders or consultants, and especially as voters. In these roles, they will be confronted with decisions related to science in their professional and personal lives. The Council on Science and Technology at Princeton University aims to fill this education gap by developing and supporting innovative programs that bring science to cross-disciplinary audiences. One of our most fruitful collaborations has been with the Princeton University Art Museum, which has an encyclopedic collection of over 92,000 works of art, ranging from antiquity to the contemporary. Our work includes 1) bringing introductory environmental science courses to the Museum to explore how original works of art of different ages can serve as paleo-environmental proxies, thereby providing a means for discussing broader concepts in development of proxies and validation of reconstructions; 2) sponsoring a panel aimed at the general public and composed of science faculty and art historians who discussed the scientific and art historical contexts behind Albert Bierstadt's Mount Adams, Washington, 1875 (oil on canvas, gift of Mrs. Jacob N. Beam, accession number y1940-430), including the landscape's subjects, materials, technique, and style; and 3) collaborating on an installation of photographs relevant to a freshman GIS course, with an essay about the artwork written by the students. This first-hand study of works of art encourages critical thinking and an empathetic approach to different historical periods and cultures, as well as to the environment. Our collaboration additionally provides an opportunity to engage more students in

  6. STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS IN NATURAL GAS ENGINE TECHNOLOGIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunn, M

    2003-08-24

    Current, state of the art natural gas engines provide the lowest emission commercial technology for use in medium heavy duty vehicles. NOx emission levels are 25 to 50% lower than state of the art diesel engines and PM levels are 90% lower than non-filter equipped diesels. Yet, in common with diesel engines, natural gas engines are challenged to become even cleaner and more efficient to meet environmental and end-user demands. Cummins Westport is developing two streams of technologies to achieve these goals for medium-heavy and heavy-heavy duty applications. For medium-heavy duty applications, lowest possible emissions are sought on SI engines without significant increase in complexity and with improvements in efficiency and BMEP. The selected path builds on the capabilities of the CWI Plus technology and recent diesel engine advances in NOx controls, providing potential to reduce emissions to 2010 values in an accelerated manner and without the use of Selective Catalytic Reduction or NOx Storage and Reduction technology. For heavy-heavy duty applications where high torque and fuel economy are of prime concern, the Westport-Cycle{trademark} technology is in field trial. This technology incorporates High Pressure Direct Injection (HPDI{trademark}) of natural gas with a diesel pilot ignition source. Both fuels are delivered through a single, dual common rail injector. The operating cycle is entirely unthrottled and maintains the high compression ratio of a diesel engine. As a result of burning 95% natural gas rather than diesel fuel, NOx emissions are halved and PM is reduced by around 70%. High levels of EGR can be applied while maintaining high combustion efficiency, resulting in extremely low NOx potential. Some recent studies have indicated that DPF-equipped diesels emit less nanoparticles than some natural gas vehicles [1]. It must be understood that the ultrafine particles emitted from SI natural gas engines are generally accepted to consist predominantly of

  7. On the Technology-Art Web Design%论技术-艺术网页设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张统宣

    2011-01-01

    Web design is a completely new interdisciplinary of art design and web applications.The Technology-Art web design is based on ways and means of Web standards, integrated web design and art design, and the feature of the Technology-Art web design lies in persuit of the combination of overall innovative, reasonable structure, artistic color and availability content.Therefore, the key to the Technology-Art web design is the web designers with high literate quality and artistic talent.%网页设计是一门全新的艺术设计和网络应用的交叉学科.技术-艺术网页设计是基于Web标准的、综合网页设计和艺术设计的设计方式和手段,其特征是网页整体的创新性、结构的合理性、色彩的艺术性、内容的可用性.培养具有较高文化修养、艺术才能的网页设计师是技术-艺术网页设计提高的关键.

  8. AESTHETICS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: THE COMBINATION OF TECHNOLOGY INSTRUMENTS IN CHILDREN’S MUSIC, VISUAL ARTS AND PRETEND PLAY

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hui Ko; Mei-Ju Chou

    2014-01-01

    With the importance of aesthetics in current preschool curriculum, children’s aesthetics development and deloading learning plays a special attention to the relationship between technology instruments and the three critical early childhood education activities, namely music teaching and learning, visual arts and children’s pretend play in early childhood education. A rigorous literature review in Dewey, Steiner and Vygotsky explore the argument that technology instruments play a c...

  9. From art to science: the functional damage due to thumb osteoarthritis finely described by Velazquez 300 years before its clinical description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villafañe, J H; Cantero-Tellez, R; Negrini, S; Berjano, P

    2017-09-21

    Velazquez showed to know the entity of thumb osteoarthritis by finely describing it in one of his paintings. The concepts of anatomical damage, loss of strenght, and functional impairment are transmitted to the observer.

  10. An Analysis on Folk Fine Arts Under National Artistic Context%传统民族艺术语境下的民间美术价值辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖海英

    2011-01-01

    Chinese folk art as the main source of the national traditional art,has the extremely precious artistic value and rich and colorful style characteristic,but now due to the lack of timely protection or loss or decay.National traditional art context,cognition and interpretation of the folk fine arts creation artistic characteristics and cultural connotation,use a variety of forms to introduce into the contemporary reform of art education,has very important practical significance.%中国民间美术作为传统民族艺术的重要源泉,具有极其宝贵的艺术价值和丰富多彩的造型特征,但现今由于缺乏及时保护而或流失或衰退。传统民族艺术语境下,认知和解读民间美术创作的艺术造型特征和民族文化内涵,采用多种形式将其引入当代美术教育教学改革中,具有很重要的现实意义。

  11. The Growing Reliance of Ontario Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology on Educational Agents for the Recruitment of International Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legusov, Oleg

    2017-01-01

    The number of international students seeking educational opportunities at Ontario colleges of applied arts and technology (CAATs) has grown at an unprecedented rate in the past 10 years. It appears that as the number of the international college students has increased, colleges have also been relying more heavily on educational agents to recruit…

  12. Effects of Information and Communication Technology on Engagement and Art Production for Eighth-Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovin, Elizabeth; Lambeth, Dawn T.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore the impact of an online-learning component incorporating peer discussion groups on art achievement, digital literacy practice, student engagement, and student attitude of an eighth-grade visual arts classroom. Participants included 30 students in two 8th-grade art classes. Students in one class received…

  13. AESTHETICS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: THE COMBINATION OF TECHNOLOGY INSTRUMENTS IN CHILDREN’S MUSIC, VISUAL ARTS AND PRETEND PLAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Hui Ko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the importance of aesthetics in current preschool curriculum, children’s aesthetics development and deloading learning plays a special attention to the relationship between technology instruments and the three critical early childhood education activities, namely music teaching and learning, visual arts and children’s pretend play in early childhood education. A rigorous literature review in Dewey, Steiner and Vygotsky explore the argument that technology instruments play a crucial role in children’s daily lives. After carefully elaborating the relevant literature, this study arrives at three major conclusions firstly, indeed technology instruments in music teaching facilitate the quality and efficiency in the young children’s learning motivation. Secondly, technology instruments in visual arts facilitate the quality and efficiency in the learning motivation of children and finally, technology instruments of music facilitate children’s performance in their pretend play, especially in terms of emotional expression, emotional regulation, emotional utilization and interpersonal relationships. Further, the study reveals that during the application of technology instrument in children’s music, visual-arts and pretend play, adults’ scaffolding and assistance is no doubt necessary during children’s learning and development process.

  14. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    Cheng Lei has lived in an artistic environment since childhood. In 1991 she graduated from the Central Institute of Fine Arts in Beijing. She loves, raises and paints cats. Cheng is adept at revealing the beauty and intelligence of felines using light and neutral tones in her watercolors "In my paintings I’m more concerned with expressing my own feelings, my understanding of

  15. A State-of-the-Art Report on Technologies of a Safety Assessment and a Radioactivity Exposure Assessment for the Decommissioning Process of Nuclear Facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeong, Kwan Seong; Kang, Young Ae; Lee, Dong Gyu; Lee, Kune Woo; Jung, Chong Hun

    2007-09-15

    This report is to provide the reference contents of research and development for technologies of radioactivity exposure and safety assessment for development of the decommissioning technology for nuclear facilities. This report consists of as follows: - Analyzing and discussing on state-of-the-art technologies of a radioactivity exposure assessment of a decommissioning for nuclear facilities - Analyzing and discussing on state-of-the-art technologies of a safety assessment of a decommissioning for nuclear facilities.

  16. 高师美术学专业师范生技能训练体系设计%The Normal University Students skills training system design of Fine Arts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晴

    2013-01-01

    From the perspective of current status and existing problems of senior normal Fine Arts student trainings, this paper analyzes the necessity of skill training for normal students, and the core target of the training plan, and come up with the training principle and design process; at last a systematic, standardized, scientific training course system is designed by combining social needs and education fact. This course will completely improve the professional performance and skills of Fine Arts normal students, and lay a concrete base for them to become the Fine Arts teacher in the future.%  文章从高师美术学专业人才培养现状及存在的问题入手,分析了高师美术学师范生技能训练的必要性,阐述了本训练方案的核心目标,并提出技能训练的原则、设计思路,最后结合社会需求和教学实际设计出一套系统化、规范化、制度化、科学化的技能训练课程体系。本课程体系全面提高了美术学专业师范生的职业素养和技能,为美术学专业学生未来从事教师职业奠定坚实的基础。

  17. An State-of-Art Report on Remote Fabrication Technology Development for EBR-II Fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, K. C.; Lee, J. W.; Kim, S. S.; Park, J. J.; Cho, K. H.; Lee, D. Y.; Ryu, H. J.; Lee, C. B

    2008-05-15

    The Generation-IV nuclear system program, aiming to continue the sustainable development of nuclear power utilization, was internationally started from 2000. In order to develop the sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) that is expected to be commercialized firstly among Gen-IV candidate nuclear systems, it would be essential that construction of hot-cell facility for SFR fuel fabrication will be important. SFR fuel contains minor actinide elements recycled from spent fuel and R and D program on a fabrication technology development of TRU metal fuel is currently conducted. Therefore, SFR fuel fabrication technology in hot cell will be future urgent issue. This report is an state-of art report related to remote fabrication technologies of metal fuel for the development of EBR-II fuel cycle at ANL. The focus in this report is the summary on the development of EBR-II fuel fabrication processes and its equipment, operation experience in each process which covers melt refining process of spent metal fuel, fuel pin and element fabrication processes and subassembly fabrication process, waste management. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) (retitled to INL) designed and constructed the EBR(Experimental fast neutron Breeder Reactor)-II and were into operation using enriched uranium alloy fuel in July 1964. Over 700 irradiated reactor subassemblies were processed in the FCF (Fuel Cycle Facility) and returned to EBR-II reactor through April 1969. The comprehensive remote fabrication technology in hot cell for metallic fuel has been established according to EBR-II fuel cycle program. In FCF, the spent uranium alloy fuel from reactor was promptly recovered for reuse on site by low-decontamination, pyrometallurgical partial purification process called melt refining process. About 2.4 metric tons of irradiated fuel were processed by melt refining process. From the recovered fuel and additional new alloy, about 34,500 fully acceptable fuel elements were fabricated remotely in hot cell

  18. The State of the Art Report on the Development and Manufacturing Technology of Test Blanket Module

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J. S.; Jeong, Y. H.; Park, S. Y.; Lee, M. H.; Choi, B. K.; Baek, J. H.; Park, J. Y.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, H. G.; Kim, K. H

    2006-07-15

    The main objective of the present R and D on breeder blanket is the development of test blanket modules (TBMs) to be installed and tested in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). In the program of the blanket development, a blanket module test in the ITER is scheduled from the beginning of the ITER operation, and the performance test of TBM in ITER is the most important milestone for the development of the DEMO blanket. The fabrication of TBMs has been required to test the basic performance of the DEMO blanket, i.e., tritium production/recovery, high-grade heat generation and radiation shielding. Therefore, the integration of the TBM systems into ITER has been investigated with the aim to check the safety, reliability and compatibility under nuclear fusion state. For this reason, in the Test Blanket Working Group (TBWG) as an activity of the International Energy Association (IEA), a variety of ITER TBMs have been proposed and investigated by each party: helium-cooled ceramic (WSG-1), helium-cooled LiPb (WSG-2), water-cooled ceramic (WSG-3), self-cooled lithium (WSG-4) and self-cooled molten salt (WSG-5) blanket systems. Because we are still deficient in investigation of TBM development, the need of development became pressing. In this report, for the development of TBM sub-module and mock-up, it is necessary to analyze and examine the state of the art on the development of manufacturing technology of TBM in other countries. And we will be applied as basic data to establish a manufacturing technology.

  19. Changing History, Changing practices : An Instance of Confrontation Between Video Art and Television

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Turco, M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304842710

    2004-01-01

    Video art as a ‘movement’ within fine arts played an important role in the development of contemporary aesthetics. First, it provided artists with a conceptual frame and a space for ‘free experimentation’ in new technologies and their socio-cultural implications. Second, because video artists and

  20. Art Appreciation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Modern embossed forged copper has an elegant character. This art form works well as decoration for the walls of buildings. Chen Chuan, the designer, pursues a look of simplicity and powerfulness in his works Auspiciousness and Harmony, which is based on the themes of man and nature. Chen carefully plans the arrangement of convex and concave parts, adding texture by hammering or scraping in many small points and fine lines. With a steel pick, the artist creates a surface sometimes rough and matte, sometimes smooth and shiny. Chen Chuan graduated from the Hubei Institute of Arts in 1965, and was deputy director of the Shandong Provincial Art Gallery from 1984 to 1991. A member of the China Artists Association and the China Graphic Art Association, Chen Chuan is ranked as a first-class artisan, and currently serves as director of the forge copper art office of the Shandong Academy. He has won awards at exhibitions held both at home and abroad.

  1. PEOPLE RETRIEVAL BY MEANS OF COMPOSITE PICTURES: PROBLEM STATE-OF-THE-ART AND TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgy A. Kukharev

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the problem of people retrieval by means of composite pictures constructed according to descriptive portrait. An overview of the problem state-of-the-art is provided beginning from the basic concepts and terminology to a modern technology for composite picture creation, real-world scenarios and search results. The development history of systems for forming composite portraits (photo robots and sketches and the ideas implemented in these systems are provided. The problem of automatic comparison of composite pictures with the original ones is discussed, and the reasons for unattainability of stable retrieval of originals by a composite picture in real-world scenarios are revealed. Requirements to composite pictures databases in addition to the existing benchmark databases of facial images and also methods for implementation of such databases are formulated. Approaches for generation of sketches population from an initial one that increase effectiveness of identikit-based photo image retrieval systems are proposed. The method of similarity index increasing in the couple identikit-photograph based on computation of an average identikit from the created population is provided. It is shown that such composite pictures are more similar to original portraits and their use in the discussed search problem can lead to good results. Thus the created identikits meet the requirements of the truthful scenario as take into account the possibility of incomplete information in descriptions. Results of experiments on CUHK Face Sketch and CUHK Face Sketch FERET databases and also open access identikits and corresponding photos are discussed.

  2. Nitramine Drying & Fine Grinding Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Nitramine Drying and Fine Grinding Facility provides TACOM-ARDEC with a state-of-the-art facility capable of drying and grinding high explosives (e.g., RDX and...

  3. Outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and subsequent self-reported life satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuivasaari-Pirinen, Paula; Koivumaa-Honkanen, Heli; Hippeläinen, Maritta; Raatikainen, Kaisa; Heinonen, Seppo

    2014-01-01

    To compare life satisfaction between women with successful or unsuccessful outcome after assisted reproductive treatment (ART) by taking into account the time since the last ART. Cohort study. Tertiary hospital. A total of 987 consecutive women who had undergone ART during 1996-2007 were invited and altogether 505 women participated in the study. A postal enquiry with a life satisfaction scale. Self-reported life satisfaction in respect to the time since the last ART. In general, women who achieved a live birth after ART had a significantly higher life satisfaction than those who had unsuccessful ART, especially when compared in the first three years. The difference disappeared in the time period of 6-9 years after ART. The unsuccessfully treated women who had a child by some other means before or after the unsuccessful ART had comparable life satisfaction with successfully treated women even earlier. Even if unsuccessful ART outcome is associated with subsequent lower level of life satisfaction, it does not seem to threaten the long-term wellbeing.

  4. Toward a Democratic (Art) Education: A Response to Michelle Kamhi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Edward O.

    2012-01-01

    For the last decade Michelle Kamhi has been prominent in her critique of contemporary art education. In her philosophy she positions herself as an essentialist who believes there are essential masterworks that define fine art, and the curriculum in art should teach fine art only. Her definition of fine art focuses on representation in painting and…

  5. Toward a Democratic (Art) Education: A Response to Michelle Kamhi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Edward O.

    2012-01-01

    For the last decade Michelle Kamhi has been prominent in her critique of contemporary art education. In her philosophy she positions herself as an essentialist who believes there are essential masterworks that define fine art, and the curriculum in art should teach fine art only. Her definition of fine art focuses on representation in painting and…

  6. 艺术类本科院校学生职业生涯规划现状调查--以XX美术学院、XX音乐学院为重点%Survey of the Current Situation of the Career Planning of Undergraduates in Art Academies--Take xx Academy of Fine Arts and xx Conservatory of Music as Focus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温清浩

    2014-01-01

    Combining with the practice of art academies, this thesis is to analyze the current situation of the career planning of undergraduates in art academies, by using empirical research as the main research method, and taking of xx Academy of Fine Arts and xx Conservatory of Music as survey samples.%本文结合艺术类高校的实际,主要采用实证研究的方法,通过对XX美术学院和XX音乐学院的抽样调查,分析了当前艺术类院校学生职业生涯规划的现状。

  7. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies: Froth flotation. Quarterly technical progress report No. 16, July 1, 1992--September 30, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-12-31

    A study conducted by Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center of sulfur emissions from about 1,300 United States coal-fired utility boilers indicated that half of the emissions were the result of burning coals having greater than 1.2 pounds of SO{sub 2} per million BTU. This was mainly attributed to the high pyritic sulfur content of the boiler fuel. A significant reduction in SO{sub 2} emissions could be accomplished by removing the pyrite from the coals by advanced physical fine coal cleaning. An engineering development project was prepared to build upon the basic research effort conducted under a solicitation for research into Fine Coal Surface Control. The engineering development project is intended to use general plant design knowledge and conceptualize a plant to utilize advanced froth flotation technology to process coal and produce a product having maximum practical pyritic sulfur reduction consistent with maximum practical BTU recovery.

  8. Development of an Ultra-fine Coal Dewatering Technology and an Integrated Flotation-Dewatering System for Coal Preparation Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Zhang; David Yang; Amar Amarnath; Iftikhar Huq; Scott O' Brien; Jim Williams

    2006-12-22

    The project proposal was approved for only the phase I period. The goal for this Phase I project was to develop an industrial model that can perform continuous and efficient dewatering of fine coal slurries of the previous flotation process to fine coal cake of {approx}15% water content from 50-70%. The feasibility of this model should be demonstrated experimentally using a lab scale setup. The Phase I project was originally for one year, from May 2005 to May 2006. With DOE approval, the project was extended to Dec. 2006 without additional cost from DOE to accomplish the work. Water has been used in mining for a number of purposes such as a carrier, washing liquid, dust-catching media, fire-retardation media, temperature-control media, and solvent. When coal is cleaned in wet-processing circuits, waste streams containing water, fine coal, and noncombustible particles (ash-forming minerals) are produced. In many coal preparation plants, the fine waste stream is fed into a series of selection processes where fine coal particles are recovered from the mixture to form diluted coal fine slurries. A dewatering process is then needed to reduce the water content to about 15%-20% so that the product is marketable. However, in the dewatering process currently used in coal preparation plants, coal fines smaller than 45 micrometers are lost, and in many other plants, coal fines up to 100 micrometers are also wasted. These not-recovered coal fines are mixed with water and mineral particles of the similar particle size range and discharged to impoundment. The wasted water from coal preparation plants containing unrecoverable coal fine and mineral particles are called tailings. With time the amount of wastewater accumulates occupying vast land space while it appears as threat to the environment. This project developed a special extruder and demonstrated its application in solid-liquid separation of coal slurry, tailings containing coal fines mostly less than 50 micron. The

  9. Virtual Reality Technologies and the Creative Arts in the Areas of Disability, Therapy, Health, and Rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cobb, S. V. G.; Brooks, Anthony Lewis; Sharkey, P. M.

    2013-01-01

    A key theme in the ArtAbilitation conferences is the relationship between 6 sound, movement, and art, and how these can be used for rehabilitation and/or 7 expression by individuals who may have limited access to conventional communi- 8 cation. The development of VR environments and interactive...

  10. Virtual Reality Technologies and the Creative Arts in the Areas of Disability, Therapy, Health, and Rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cobb, S. V. G.; Brooks, Anthony Lewis; Sharkey, P. M.

    2013-01-01

    A key theme in the ArtAbilitation conferences is the relationship between 6 sound, movement, and art, and how these can be used for rehabilitation and/or 7 expression by individuals who may have limited access to conventional communi- 8 cation. The development of VR environments and interactive t...

  11. The Impact of Information Technology Management on the Efficiency of Top Liberal Arts Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckles, James E.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide administrators of liberal arts colleges with information that helps them improve their institutions' ability to graduate students. It investigates the relationship between IT and the efficiency of 35 highly ranked liberal arts colleges in graduating students. The study uses an operations research theory…

  12. The Arts in Education as Police Technologies: Governing the Child's Soul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Catarina Silva

    2013-01-01

    The paper aims to provide a platform for thinking about the presence of the arts in education at the present as a practice of governing. Through an analysis of the incorporation of the arts in the school curriculum we can see how this was a subject able to promote a political subjectivation of each child as citizen of the future. I focus on the…

  13. Enlightenment of Art Therapy to Fine Arts Curriculum in the Special Schools%试论艺术治疗对特校美术课程的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秋竹; 董杏妹

    2015-01-01

    Although art therapy and art curriculum belong to different domains, they both ask students to engage in artistic creation by using appropriate mediums so as to promote their development. Due to their physical and mental particularity, there exist large individual differences in art-learning among children with special needs. Therefore, the art courses are supposed to seek their own directions and values. It is suggested that those art courses should learn from art therapy in the theories, attitudes, methods and evaluations styles to enrich and develop themselves.%虽然艺术治疗和美术课程分属不同的领域,但是二者都需要儿童运用适合的媒材进行艺术创作活动,从而促进儿童的发展。特殊儿童由于身心方面的特殊性决定他们学习美术存在较大的个体差异,因此特校美术课程应该积极寻找自己的方向和价值。特殊学校的美术课程可以借鉴艺术治疗的理论、态度、方法和评价方式等得以丰富和发展。

  14. Science and technology of farm animal cloning: state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vajta, Gábor; Gjerris, Mickey

    2006-05-01

    Details of the first mammal born after nuclear transfer cloning were published by Steen Malte Willadsen in 1986. In spite of its enormous scientific significance, this discovery failed to trigger much public concern, possibly because the donor cells were derived from pre-implantation stage embryos. The major breakthrough in terms of public recognition has happened when Ian Wilmut et al. [Wilmut, I., Schnieke, A.E., McWhir, J., Kind, A.J., Campbell, K.H., 1997. Viable offspring derived from fetal és adult mammalian cells. Nature 385, 810-813] described the successful application of almost exactly the same method, but using the nuclei of somatic cells from an adult mammal, to create Dolly the sheep. It has become theoretically possible to produce an unlimited number of genetic replicates from an adult animal or a post-implantation foetus. Since 1997 a number of different species including pigs, goats, horses, cats, etc. have been cloned with the somatic cell nuclear transfer technique. Although the technology still has relatively low success rates and there seems to be substantial problems with the welfare of some of the cloned animals, cloning is used both within basic research and the biomedical sector. The next step seems to be to implement cloning in the agricultural production system and several animals have been developed in this direction. This article reviews the current state of the art of farm animal cloning from a scientific and technological perspective, describes the animal welfare problems and critically assess different applications of farm animal cloning. The scope is confined to animal biotechnologies in which the use of cell nuclear transfer is an essential part and extends to both biomedical and agricultural applications of farm animal cloning. These applications include the production of genetically identical animals for research purposes, and also the creation of genetically modified animals. In the agricultural sector, cloning can be used as a

  15. Los fines de la estética y de la política. Breves reflexiones sobre los fantasmas del arte contemporáneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Marcos Dipaola

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo indaga en problemas del arte contemporáneo para planearse las condiciones de la persistencia de la noción de un fin del arte en el campo de las estéticas contemporáneas. A partir de un seguimiento de perspectivas se propone la hipótesis que define a la estética actual como inmanente a sus condiciones políticas y sociales de expresión. Con ello se cuestiona la moderna idea de Representación y se introduce una manera de pensar las problemáticas estéticas contemporáneas como expresión y permanente movilidad de la experiencia vital de los tiempos presentes.

  16. National ART Success Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ART and Birth Defects ART and Autism 2013 Assisted Reproductive Technology National Summary Report Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... live-birth rate? [PDF - 1.37MB] Section 2: ART Cycles using fresh nondonor eggs or embryos What ...

  17. The art of discovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susie J. Lee

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available "The Art of Discovery" discusses an ambitious educational program taught by the artist which incorporated locative media, contemporary art, site specificity, and creative work as a proposal for the integration of art, technology and science.

  18. A Review of Wireless Sensor Technologies and Applications in Agriculture and Food Industry: State of the Art and Current Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Robla

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present paper is to review the technical and scientific state of the art of wireless sensor technologies and standards for wireless communications in the Agri-Food sector. These technologies are very promising in several fields such as environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, cold chain control or traceability. The paper focuses on WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification, presenting the different systems available, recent developments and examples of applications, including ZigBee based WSN and passive, semi-passive and active RFID. Future trends of wireless communications in agriculture and food industry are also discussed.

  19. An overview of the state of the art technologies for multi-MW scale offshore wind turbines and beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Natarajan, Anand

    2014-01-01

    systems that ensure performance and the design of offshore support structures to minimize cost of energy. Light weight carbon fiber blades, aeroelastic tailoring using bend–twist coupling are discussed in coordination with a multitude of aerodynamic technologies for optimal power capture such as high...... mechanisms such as individual blade pitch control offer promising advances. The lack of reliability of the gearbox has resulted in drive train technologies to move toward direct drives, whose benefits and liabilities are assessed in combination with generator concepts. The support structures are discussed......An overview of technological trends in the design of multi-mega Watt wind turbines focused on the offshore sector is presented. The state of the art technologies for wind turbine design are multidisciplinary ranging from blade aeroelasticity, power transmission to the generator, to advanced control...

  20. Art,Science and Technology——Computed Aided Design in Practice & How computer technology affect designer’s work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵耀

    2010-01-01

    Introduction:Computing technology has developed significantly in the past few decades.It affects almost everyone in the modern society,creating new ways of communication which affects both our work and leisure activities.Particularly,in today’s world of design and technology,computer aided design is fast becoming a technologically and economically feasible reality.Most designers have accepted the fact that computer aided design plays an important role in the success of their practices,not due to it’s value as an efficient drafting and modeling tool,but also because of clients’perception that it makes sound financial sense to utilize CAD.On the other hand,many people argue that computers are not fully autonomous,they are merely unconscious digital slaves or tools of production.In addition,the abusive use of software technology would turn creative art design into a purely industrial activity.

  1. Art Engineering and Kinetic Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barış Yılmaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Performing an art, either by painting or by sculpturing, requires to be interdisciplinary. When an artist creates his/her work of art, the process he/she realizes is supported by different engineering disciplines. Therefore, especially modern artists need to understand engineering science and this results in transforming artists into engineers. Opportunities provided by technology and science enable artists to expand his/her vision and to improve his/her works. Especially kinetic art has become an approach that combines art with engineering. Kinetic art, which is nourished with varied disciplines, is an excellent example to prove that art is interdisciplinary and to show the relationship between artist/art and engineering.

  2. Female Obesity and Clinical Outcomes of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART: an Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidar Heidari Khoei

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART has been developed to be used for reproductive-age women with primary and secondary infertilities. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic for both women and men and a major global health concern. The direct effect of Body Mass Index (BMI increase on the outcomes of ART is still unclear. This study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the available scientific evidence to assess the effects of obesity on the clinical outcome of ART treatment. Numerous studies have shown failure in ART due to increased BMIs in infertile women; however, the impact of increased BMI on clinical effectiveness of ART still remains inconclusive. Using results from 44 studies (831616 subjects we conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to highlight this subject (clinical pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate and live-birth rate. Compared to the women with BMIs of 25 kg/m2 or less, women with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 have a lower chance of pregnancy [risk ratio 0.91, 95% CI: 0.89-0.94] as well as lower live-birth rates [risk ratio 0.81, 95% CI: 0.70-0.94], and show increased miscarriage rates [risk ratio 1.35, 95% CI: 1.28-1.46]. Our findings indicate that elevated BMI and obesity requires more recognition as a potential contributor to negative pregnancy outcomes and reduced live-birth following ART. The results of our meta-analysis suggest that weight loss should be considered in overweight and obese women before the initiation of infertility treatment.

  3. 浅谈美术教师如何指导小组合作学习%The Fine Arts Teachers How to Guide the Group Cooperative Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈丽

    2014-01-01

    小组合作学习是美术课堂教学中经常采用的形式。美术教师在学生合作学习过程中并不是一个旁观者,而是一名积极的组织者、指导者和参与者,其教学的主导地位不可或缺。%Cooperative learning is often used in the classroom teac hing of art form. Not a spectator art teachers of students in the cooperative learning process, but an active organizers, instructors and participants,indispensable to its dominant position of teaching.

  4. On the Relationship between Mind Mapping and Fine Arts%论思维导图和美术之间的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家欢

    2012-01-01

    思维导图是近些年来新兴起的思维方式,利于人的扩散思维的展开。思维导图以图片的形式呈现,其用色、插图、布局都与美术的审美相关。同时思维导图的思维方法对美术的创作也有一定的启发作用。%Mind mapping is a new way of thinking rised in recent years,and is conducive to the proliferation of human think-ing commence.The mind map is presented in the form of pictures related to art aesthetic use of color,illustration,layout.The way of thinking of the mind mapping also inspired the creation of art.

  5. The state of the art on the radioactive metal waste recycling technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Won Jin; Moon, Jei Kwon; Jung, Chong Hun; Park, Sang Yoon

    1997-09-01

    As the best strategy to manage the radioactive metal wastes which are generated during operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities, the following recycling technologies are investigated. 1. decontamination technologies for radioactive metal waste recycling 2. decontamination waste treatment technologies. 3. residual radioactivity evaluation technologies. (author). 260 refs., 26 tabs., 31 figs

  6. KAJIAN METAMORFOSIS PERFORMANCE ART SERTA ASPEK SOSIALNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satriana Didiek Isnanta

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the middle of recent development of Indonesian contemporary fine arts world, primarily works regarding the development of technology, New Media Art is one of examples. In the arts context, its uses are often understood as an offer of novel possibility in creating or experiencing the arts. One of them is the metamorphoses of performance art to be multimedia performance, and last metamorphoses into video performance. Video performance, was born out of long history of performance art progress around 1909 through the manifesto of Futurist group in Paris, whose members were poets, painters, and theater players, by using human body as a medium, performance art did dematerialization within art. Video performance in its presentation, perceived that human body was not anymore to be its part, however, what emerged then was virtual body. The existence of body was not really actual, however, its presence could be felt from the visual display coming out from a projector. Here, performance art has been mediated and metamorphosed. In addition, the problems of art and technological fusion promoting the metamorphoses of performance art to be video performance like mentioned above, this writing also discusses social aspects in the line with the emergence and development of performance art in Indonesia. At first, performance art as a process of making aware and resistance arts by deconstructing social reality and the state of being established of the fine arts itself. Second, the ambient media phenomenon in the global advertising practice (including Indonesia distracting struggle direction of performance art “genue” from the process of making aware media into “kitsch” art as a frontline point of advertising for market interest. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dalam perkembangan dunia seni rupa kontemporer Indonesia dewasa ini, khususnya karya-karya yang bersinggungan dengan perkembangan teknologi, New Media Art (seni media baru adalah salah satu contohnya

  7. 论初中美术教育中创造性思维的重要性及培养%The importance of creative thinking in middle school fine arts education and training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2016-01-01

    随着新课改内容的出台,培养学生的创造性思维,提高学生的整体素质,成为了新世纪教育工作的重点。由于美术本身就是一项极具创造力的艺术形式,美术教育也就愈发受到人们关注,当之无愧的成为了培养新世纪学生创造性思维的一个良好切入点。文章试图从培养学生创造性思维的重要性,初中美术教育中存在弊端以及培养学生的创造性思维的几点建议等角度阐述这一问题。%as the content of the new curriculum reform, cultivate the students' creative thinking, improve the students' overall quality, become the focus of the education in the new century. Due to the art itself is a creative art form, art education has increasingly caught the at-tention of people, deserved has become the training of students' creative thinking in the new century to a good start. This article attempts from the importance of training students' creative thinking, in the junior middle school fine arts education has disadvantages as well as the Sugges-tions to cultivate the students' creative thinking on the issue.

  8. Preparation of ultra-fine powders from polysaccharide-coated solid lipid nanoparticles and nanostructured lipid carriers by innovative nano spray drying technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Taoran; Hu, Qiaobin; Zhou, Mingyong; Xue, Jingyi; Luo, Yangchao

    2016-09-10

    In this study, five polysaccharides were applied as natural polymeric coating materials to prepare solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructure lipid carriers (NLC), and then the obtained lipid colloidal particles were transformed to solid powders by the innovative nano spray drying technology. The feasibility and suitability of this new technology to generate ultra-fine lipid powder particles were evaluated and the formulation was optimized. The spray dried SLN powder exhibited the aggregated and irregular shape and dimension, but small, uniform, well-separated spherical powder particles of was obtained from NLC. The optimal formulation of NLC was prepared by a 20-30% oleic acid content with carrageenan or pectin as coating material. Therefore, nano spray drying technology has a potential application to produce uniform, spherical, and sub-microscale lipid powder particles when the formulation of lipid delivery system is appropriately designed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Exhibiting coins as economic artefacts: Curating historical interpretation in Faith and Fortune: visualizing the divine on Byzantine and early Islamic coinage (Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Birmingham, November 2013-January 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Darley

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Faith and Fortune: visualizing the divine on Byzantine and early Islamic coins was an exhibition at the Barber Institute of Fine Arts (October 2013-January 2015. It reflected on ways in which the rise of Islam in the seventh century shaped global political and economic systems, and how the early Islamic government and the Christian Byzantine Empire expressed the religious loyalties of their states visually. The exhibition, however, attempted to move away from traditional approaches to presenting coins, focusing almost exclusively on them as images and political documents. Instead, this exhibition sought to convey a sense of coins as economic artefacts, tightly woven into the day-to-day fabric of ordinary lives, in a period of extraordinary change. This article examines how the spatial, textual and temporal intersected in historical theory and exhibition design and suggests that exhibition represents an alternative method both of presenting (and teaching but also of undertaking research.

  10. 通识教育体系中的美术欣赏课程设计%The Fine Arts Appreciation Curriculum Design in the General Education System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the problems existing in the current teaching of art appreciation course and aims to introduce the con-cept of general education to the course of art appreciation. In terms of course content and structure, forms and methods of teaching,the author tries to redesign the course. Borrowing knowlesge from different aspects redesign, literature, history, science, local cul-ture and many other subjests, the author aims to set the course of art appreciation in the system of general education. The use of personalized forms of teaching, life-like teaching environment, diverse teaching methods, is to promote the overall quality and harmonious development of college students.%本文分析了目前美术欣赏课程教学中存在的问题,提出将通识教育的概念引入美术欣赏课程.笔者从课程内容与结构、课程教学形式与方法等不同方面重新设计课程,结合文学、历史、科学、本土文化等诸多相方面相关知识,运用个性化的教学形式、生活化的教学环境、多样化的教学方法,力图创建适应于高等学校通识教育体系中的美术欣赏课程,促进大学生素质的全面和谐发展.

  11. On the Cultivation of Children's Creative Thinking in Fine Arts Education%论儿童美术教育中创造性思维能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴祥勇

    2012-01-01

    Children are born with the noticeable feeling and aesthetic ability to the outside world. However, their paintings are often stiff and lack creation and soul due to the restriction of adults' traditional teaching styles. The children's fine arts education should not be aimed at cultivating a painter. Instead, it should stress the cultivation of children's abilities of observation, thinking, practice and creation. Its creation education lies in reforming the traditional teaching styles, innovating teaching methods and stimulating children's imagination and their interest in fine arts. In addition, the teachers should prepare the situation for arousing children's creative thinking in an attempt to realize the cultivation of children's ability of creative thinking.%儿童与生俱来就对生活世界存在独特的感受能力、审美角度。儿童绘画却常常因为受到成年人传统教学模式的限制而表现得呆板、固定,缺乏童真的创意和灵魂。儿童美术教育,不应以培养其成为画家为首要目的,而首先应注重培养孩子们的观察能力、思维能力、动手能力和创造能力。儿童美术教育中的创造性教育在于改变传统教学模式,创新教学方式,激发儿童的想象力和对美术学习的兴趣,融会贯通,并积极为儿童展现产生创造性思维的情景,最终实现对创造性思维能力的培养。

  12. Dynamic art technological sources for contemporary works: the artist interview and the installation process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Stigter

    2012-01-01

    The artist interview has become an important resource for the conservation of contemporary art. The installation of an artwork in collaboration with the artist is an even more valuable research tool. However, as with the artist interview, it needs critical assessment, because first-hand information

  13. Instructional Technology Innovation in the Liberal Arts Classroom: A Conversation with the Maryville College Faculty Instructional Technology (FIT) Fellows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Gina; Berry, Chad; Nugent, Chris; Wentz, Karen; Cowan, Peggy; O'Gorman, Mark

    Maryville College's (Tennessee) first Faculty Instructional Technology (FIT) Fellows, who received funding and release time to develop technology-based instructional materials for their courses, are developing and implementing exciting projects in history, religion, freshman seminar, and political sciences courses. In this paper, the FIT Fellows…

  14. 无碍于物:论荆楚之地阴间美术现象特征%Unlimited Matter: Fine Acheron Art Phenomenal Characters in Jingchu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易磊

    2012-01-01

    通过荆楚墓葬出土器物的纹饰、形状等揭示当时荆楚阴间文化现象、美术现象,巫术思想,并略加评论。楚地阴间美术的神巫性、浪漫性,从器物中反映出来的具象与抽象结合、运动感与流动感交织的特征体现了楚地文化、宗教、信仰、艺术的杂糅,为世人展现出一个流光溢彩、诙诡谲怪的奇幻世界。%This paper, through the ornamentation and shape of burial utensils from Jingchu, reveals that Jingchu cultural phenomenon, witchcraft ideology and comment on them. The article describes the wizard and romantic art on Chu underworld. The tomb artfacts reflect combinatione from concretization and abstraction,and interweaven from sense of movement and sense of flowing. They show a Chu culture, religion, belief and art,and amblight with strange world to people.

  15. Persuasive technology for health and wellness: State-of-the-art and emerging trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orji, Rita; Moffatt, Karyn

    2016-05-31

    The evolving field of persuasive and behavior change technology is increasingly targeted at influencing behavior in the area of health and wellness. This paper provides an empirical review of 16 years (85 papers) of literature on persuasive technology for health and wellness to: (1.) answer important questions regarding the effectiveness of persuasive technology for health and wellness, (2.) summarize and highlight trends in the technology design, research methods, motivational strategies, theories, and health behaviors targeted by research to date, (3.) uncover pitfalls of existing persuasive technological interventions for health and wellness, and (4.) suggest directions for future research. © The Author(s) 2016.

  16. Science Walden: Exploring the Convergence of Environmental Technologies with Design and Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Kyung Lee

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Science Walden, which is inspired by two prominent literary works, namely, Walden by Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862 and Walden Two by Burrhus Frederic Skinner (1904–1990, is aimed at establishing a community that embodies humanistic values while embracing scientific advancement to produce renewable energy and water sources. This study attempts to capitalize on feces standard money (FSM and artistic collaboration between scientists and artists as a means of achieving the forms of life depicted in Walden and Walden Two. On our campus, we designed and built a pavilion that serves as a laboratory where scientific advantages, design, and art are merged. In the pavilion, feces are processed in reactors and facilities for sustainable energy production, and rainwater is harvested and treated for use in daily life. Our application of design and art contributes to easing interaction between the general public and scientists because it visualizes an ambiguous theory and concretizes it into an understandable image.

  17. [The circulation of reflexes in brain research, art and technology. Introductory remarks].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wübben, Yvonne; Vöhringer, Margarete

    2009-03-01

    The introduction deals with two main issues: First, it focuses on the question why a history of scientific concepts should not be limited to the analysis of scientific texts alone. Secondly, it shows how the history of the reflex concept gains from looking at various fields such as art, literature and brain research. The crucial role the reflex played in 19th and 20th century and the different meanings it adopted allowed us to conclude with Bruno Latour that the distinction between art and science is in itself historical. Thus, the distinction proves to be of little use for the historiography of complex concepts such as the reflex which rarely appear to be purely scientific.

  18. Best-practice model for technology enhanced learning in the creative arts

    OpenAIRE

    Power, Jess; Kannara, Vidya

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a best-practice model for the redesign of virtual learning environments (VLEs) within creative arts to augment blended learning. In considering a blended learning best-practice model, three factors should be considered: the conscious and active human intervention, good learning design and pedagogical input, and the sensitive handling of the process by trained professionals. This study is based on a comprehensive VLE content analysis conducted across two academic schools wi...

  19. ENGage: The use of space and pixel art for increasing primary school children's interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Simon J.

    2014-01-01

    The Faculty of Engineering at The University of Nottingham, UK, has developed interdisciplinary, hands-on workshops for primary schools that introduce space technology, its relevance to everyday life and the importance of science, technology, engineering and maths. The workshop activities for 7-11 year olds highlight the roles that space and satellite technology play in observing and monitoring the Earth's biosphere as well as being vital to communications in the modern digital world. The programme also provides links to 'how science works', the environment and citizenship and uses pixel art through the medium of digital photography to demonstrate the importance of maths in a novel and unconventional manner. The interactive programme of activities provides learners with an opportunity to meet 'real' scientists and engineers, with one of the key messages from the day being that anyone can become involved in science and engineering whatever their ability or subject of interest. The methodology introduces the role of scientists and engineers using space technology themes, but it could easily be adapted for use with any inspirational topic. Analysis of learners' perceptions of science, technology, engineering and maths before and after participating in ENGage showed very positive and significant changes in their attitudes to these subjects and an increase in the number of children thinking they would be interested and capable in pursuing a career in science and engineering. This paper provides an overview of the activities, the methodology, the evaluation process and results.

  20. A state of the Art report on Manufacturing technology of high burn-up fuel cladding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyeong Ho; Nam, Cheol; Baek, Jong Hyuk; Choi, Byung Kwon; Park, Sang Yoon; Lee, Myung Ho; Jeong, Yong Hwan

    1999-09-01

    In order to manufacturing the prototype fuel cladding, overall manufacturing processes and technologies should be thoroughly understood on the manufacturing processes and technologies of foreign cladding tubes. Generally, the important technology related to fuel cladding tube manufacturing processes for PWRs/PHWRs is divided into three stages. The first stage is to produce the zirconium sponge from zirconium sand, the second stage is to produce the zircaloy shell or TREX from zirconium sponge ingot and finally, cladding is produced from TREX or zircaloy shell. Therefore, the manufacturing processes including the first and second stages are described in brief in this technology report in order to understand the whole fuel cladding manufacturing processes. (author)

  1. A state of the Art report on Manufacturing technology of high burn-up fuel cladding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyeong Ho; Nam, Cheol; Baek, Jong Hyuk; Choi, Byung Kwon; Park, Sang Yoon; Lee, Myung Ho; Jeong, Yong Hwan

    1999-09-01

    In order to manufacturing the prototype fuel cladding, overall manufacturing processes and technologies should be thoroughly understood on the manufacturing processes and technologies of foreign cladding tubes. Generally, the important technology related to fuel cladding tube manufacturing processes for PWRs/PHWRs is divided into three stages. The first stage is to produce the zirconium sponge from zirconium sand, the second stage is to produce the zircaloy shell or TREX from zirconium sponge ingot and finally, cladding is produced from TREX or zircaloy shell. Therefore, the manufacturing processes including the first and second stages are described in brief in this technology report in order to understand the whole fuel cladding manufacturing processes. (author)

  2. Architectural technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    The booklet offers an overall introduction to the Institute of Architectural Technology and its projects and activities, and an invitation to the reader to contact the institute or the individual researcher for further information. The research, which takes place at the Institute of Architectural...... Technology at the Roayl Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture, reflects a spread between strategic, goal-oriented pilot projects, commissioned by a ministry, a fund or a private company, and on the other hand projects which originate from strong personal interests and enthusiasm of individual...

  3. A state-of-the-art report on the off-gas treatment technology generated from the nuclear facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Won Zin; Lee, Hoo Geun; Park, Geun Il; Choi, Byung Seon; Lee, Kee Won; Cho, Il Hoon; Kim, Jung Kook; Park, Hyun Soo

    1997-10-01

    This state-of-the-art report describes various technologies for offgas treatment. It provides comprehensive treatment technologies of the extensive subject such as particulates, radioactive iodine, carbon dioxide, Kr/Xe and Cs/Ru. This report also incorporates the wastes generation and its characteristics as well as the historical and current management practices. A number of review articles by experts in various area of concern and some of the removal systems that have been designed for power plants and, particularly, for spent fuel reusing plants are also involved. As a result, it can be drawn that the drying processes for offgas treatment have much benefits in standpoints of simplicity, economy, disposal safety and resource reuse rather than the wet processes. (author). 226 refs., 38 tabs., 44 figs

  4. The Content of Educational Technology Curricula: A Cross-Curricular State of the Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aesaert, Koen; Vanderlinde, Ruben; Tondeur, Jo; van Braak, Johan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the content features of educational technology curricula for primary education developed by national governments. A qualitative cross-case document analysis of the national educational technology curriculum of Norway, Flanders and England was conducted. The analysis focuses on the underlying visions,…

  5. State of the art of using virtual reality technologies in built environment education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keenaghan, G.; Horvath, I.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on our major findings concerning the application of virtual reality technologies in built environment education (BEE). In addition to an analysis of the current trends and developments in current virtual reality technologies and systems, it also evaluates their educational usabili

  6. Establishment of database and network for research of stream generator and state of the art technology review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jae Bong; Hur, Nam Su; Moon, Seong In; Seo, Hyeong Won; Park, Bo Kyu; Park, Sung Ho; Kim, Hyung Geun [Sungkyunkwan Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-02-15

    A significant number of steam generator tubes are defective and are removed from service or repaired world widely. This wide spread damage has been caused by diverse degradation mechanisms, some of which are difficult to detect and predict. Regarding domestic nuclear power plants, also, the increase of number of operating nuclear power plants and operating periods may result in the increase of steam generator tube failure. So, it is important to carry out the integrity evaluation process to prevent the steam generator tube damage. There are two objectives of this research. The one is to make database for the research of steam generator at domestic research institution. It will increase the efficiency and capability of limited domestic research resources by sharing data and information through network organization. Also, it will enhance the current standard of integrity evaluation procedure that is considerably conservative but can be more reasonable. The second objective is to establish the standard integrity evaluation procedure for steam generator tube by reviewing state of the art technology. The research resources related to steam generator tubes are managed by the established web-based database system. The following topics are covered in this project: development of web-based network for research on steam generator tubes review of state of the art technology.

  7. COAL DRY BENEFICIATION TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA: THE STATE-OF-THE-ART

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qingru Chen; Lubin Wei

    2003-01-01

    In China, coal is the major source of energy and its leading role in energy consumption would not change in the next 50 years. Coal preparation is the essential component of Clean Coal Technology. In China more than two-thirds of available coal reserves are in arid areas, which results in the unfeasibility with conventional wet processing for coal preparation. The uniqueness of dry coal beneficiation technology with air-dense medium fluidized bed is discussed in this paper and a detailed survey of the current status of theoretical study, commercial application and development of the new technology is given in this paper.

  8. Microencapsulation by solvent extraction/evaporation: reviewing the state of the art of microsphere preparation process technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Sergio; Merkle, Hans P; Gander, Bruno

    2005-02-02

    The therapeutic benefit of microencapsulated drugs and vaccines brought forth the need to prepare such particles in larger quantities and in sufficient quality suitable for clinical trials and commercialisation. Very commonly, microencapsulation processes are based on the principle of so-called "solvent extraction/evaporation". While initial lab-scale experiments are frequently performed in simple beaker/stirrer setups, clinical trials and market introduction require more sophisticated technologies, allowing for economic, robust, well-controllable and aseptic production of microspheres. To this aim, various technologies have been examined for microsphere preparation, among them are static mixing, extrusion through needles, membranes and microfabricated microchannel devices, dripping using electrostatic forces and ultrasonic jet excitation. This article reviews the current state of the art in solvent extraction/evaporation-based microencapsulation technologies. Its focus is on process-related aspects, as described in the scientific and patent literature. Our findings will be outlined according to the four major substeps of microsphere preparation by solvent extraction/evaporation, namely, (i) incorporation of the bioactive compound, (ii) formation of the microdroplets, (iii) solvent removal and (iv) harvesting and drying the particles. Both, well-established and more advanced technologies will be reviewed.

  9. Coal surface control for advanced physical fine coal cleaning technologies: Quarterly report, September 19, 1988--January 31, 1989

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morsi, B. I.; Chiang, S. -H.; Sharkey, A.; Blachere, J.; Klinzing, G.; Streeter, R.; Gray, R.; Venkatadri, R.; Cheng, Y. S.; Chiarelli, P.

    1989-01-01

    The overall objective of the project is to develop techniques for coal surface control prior to the advanced physical fine coal cleaning process of selective agglomeration to achieve 90% pyrite sulfur rejection while operating at a Btu recovery greater than 90% based on run-of-mine coal. The surface control is meant to encompass storage, grinding environments and media, surface modification during grinding and laboratory beneficiation testing. The project includes the following tasks: project planning, method for analysis of samples, development of standard beneficiation test, grinding studies, modification of particle surface, and exploratory R D and support. Progress in each task of the project is presented in this report. 14 refs., 12 figs., 14 tabs.

  10. Zero emissions trucks. An overview of state-of-the-art technologies and their potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Den Boer, E.; Aarnink, S. [CE Delft, Delft (Netherlands); Kleiner, F.; Pagenkopf, J. [German Aerospace Center DLR, Cologne (Germany)

    2013-07-15

    The study by CE Delft and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), commissioned by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), surveys the technology potential for zero-emission road freight transport in the EU. For short distance transport, battery electric technology is feasible, as distribution trucks have lower range requirements and recharging can occur at scheduled downtimes (e.g. overnight). For long haul applications, battery electric vehicles coupled with overhead wires (catenary) or in-road charging (dynamic) infrastructure are possible, as well as fuel cell drivelines. The cost differential between conventional and zero emission HDVs will diminish over the next 10-15 years, as fuel savings offset other costs. If zero-emission technologies are introduced on a large scale in the onroad freight transport sector beginning in 2020, the total end-user costs will not significantly increase. The total cost of ownership within this study do not consider required infrastructure investments. All zero emission technologies require major infrastructure investments, whether hydrogen refuelling stations, in-road inductive charging, or other systems. Broad policy support is needed to encourage the development and evaluation of various technology options. Over time, the policy focus must shift from stimulating innovation and technology adoption to regulation, if it is to spur a successful transformation of the truck market.

  11. Digital Art:An Integration of Technology with Art%数码艺术:科技与艺术的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许蚌

    2015-01-01

    There is a long history of interaction between the technology and art, though they belong to different paradigms. The industrial revolution destroyed the wholeness of western thoughts. Artists try to use art to resist the extreme scientific and technological rationality which leads to the division of Arts and technology. In the context of the information revolution, in the face of the rapid trend of contemporary technology, post-modern art has to accept the cognitive paradigm constructed by scientific knowledge. Art accepts the gift of contemporary science and technology. Digital art is the model of integration of technology and art under the context of information revolution.%科技与艺术分属不同的范式,但二者间却有着源远流长的互动关系。工业革命导致西方思想整一性的破裂,艺术家们试图用艺术来反抗极端的科技理性,从而导致艺术与科技的分野。在信息革命语境下,面对着当代科技的迅猛态势,后现代艺术不得不接受由科学知识构造的认知范式。艺术坦然接受当代科技的馈赠,并享受着二者共谋的狂欢,数码艺术是信息革命语境下科技与艺术的融合的典范。

  12. Advanced development of fine coal desulfurization and recovery technology. Quarterly technical progress report, October 1, 1976--December 31, 1976. [53 references

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher, R.W.; Wheelock, T.D.

    1977-02-01

    The improvement and technical development of promising methods for desulfurizing and recovering fine coal underway includes froth flotation, selective oil agglomeration, pelletization, and a chemical desulfurization process which involves leaching fine coal with a hot dilute solution of sodium carbonate containing dissolved oxygen under pressure. A preliminary assessment of the state of the art and review of the technical literature has been made. Equipment and apparatus have been assembled for small-scale laboratory experiments in froth flotation, oil agglomeration and chemical desulfurization. Preliminary froth flotation tests have been carried out on an Iowa coal to establish baseline data. Quite unexpectedly these tests indicated that aluminum nitrate may be an activator for coal because it served to increase the recovery of coal. Several potential flotation depressants for pyrite have been screened by measurement at the zeta potential and floatability of pyrite or coal in aqueous suspensions containing the potential depressants. The following reagents show some promise as pyrite depressants: ferric chloride, sodium cyanide, ammonium thiocyanate, and the disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Preliminary plans have been prepared for a continuous flow bench-scale system to demonstrate the process. This system will include equipment for grinding and pretreating the coal as well as equipment for demonstrating froth flotation, selective oil agglomeration and pelletization. An investigation of coal microstructure as it relates to coal beneficiation methods has also been initiated. The distribution of various forms of pyrite by size and crystal structure has been determined for two cannel samples of coal through application of scanning electron microscope techniques.

  13. SSTAC/ARTS review of the draft Integrated Technology Plan (ITP). Volume 8: Aerothermodynamics Automation and Robotics (A/R) systems sensors, high-temperature superconductivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Viewgraphs of briefings presented at the SSTAC/ARTS review of the draft Integrated Technology Plan (ITP) on aerothermodynamics, automation and robotics systems, sensors, and high-temperature superconductivity are included. Topics covered include: aerothermodynamics; aerobraking; aeroassist flight experiment; entry technology for probes and penetrators; automation and robotics; artificial intelligence; NASA telerobotics program; planetary rover program; science sensor technology; direct detector; submillimeter sensors; laser sensors; passive microwave sensing; active microwave sensing; sensor electronics; sensor optics; coolers and cryogenics; and high temperature superconductivity.

  14. A state of the art on the chemical gel decontamination technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Chong Hun; Moon, J. K.; Won, H. J.; Lee, K. W.; Kim, C. K. [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Overseas, highly radioactive hot cell facilities has been aging and was contaminated with radioactivity inside through reprocessing research activities. These facilities enhance the safety regulations and the need for change in any other purposes or complete demolition of these facilities, is growing. As the increase of the operation age of the domestic high radiation facilities such as IMEF, PIEF and DFDF, the necessity of decontamination and refurbishment of hot cells in these facilities is also increased. Since the hot cell facilities has the limited space of the highly radioactive, high removal efficiency(a high DF, rapid decontamination), the remote control, and minimization of the 2nd waste is essential as an effective decontamination technology. Chemical gel decontamination technology that has the characteristics of rapid removal from large contaminated area and no waste arising, has been developed as one of main decontamination technologies. In this study, chemical contamination and decontamination chemistry with respect to chemical gel decontamination are examined, and the gel manufacturing precursors and control factors of the gel viscosity is described. In the high radiation hot cell facilities of the United States, France and other countries overseas, demonstration and application cases on site, and R and D status of the chemical gel decontamination technology have been investigated. This requires the current level of technology and related research topics were derived

  15. State of the art and review on the treatment technologies of water reverse osmosis concentrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-González, A; Urtiaga, A M; Ibáñez, R; Ortiz, I

    2012-02-01

    The growing demand for fresh water is partially satisfied by desalination plants that increasingly use membrane technologies and among them reverse osmosis to produce purified water. Operating with water recoveries from 35% to 85% RO plants generate huge volumes of concentrates containing all the retained compounds that are commonly discharged to water bodies and constitute a potentially serious threat to marine ecosystems; therefore there is an urgent need for environmentally friendly management options of RO brines. This paper gives an overview on the potential treatments to overcome the environmental problems associated to the direct discharge of RO concentrates. The treatment options have been classified according to the source of RO concentrates and the maturity of the technologies. For the sake of clarity three different sources of RO concentrates are differentiated i) desalination plants, ii) tertiary processes in WWTP, and iii) mining industries. Starting with traditional treatments such as evaporation and crystallization other technologies that have emerged in last years to reduce the volume of the concentrate before disposal and with the objective of achieving zero liquid discharge and recovery of valuable compounds from these effluents are also reviewed. Most of these emerging technologies have been developed at laboratory or pilot plant scale (see Table 1). With regard to RO concentrates from WWTP, the manuscript addresses recent studies that are mainly focused on reducing the organic pollutant load through the application of innovative advanced oxidation technologies. Finally, works that report the treatment of RO concentrates from industrial sources are analyzed as well.

  16. Current state-of-the-art and future perspectives of robotic technology in neurosurgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattei, Tobias A; Rodriguez, Abraham Hafiz; Sambhara, Deepak; Mendel, Ehud

    2014-07-01

    Neurosurgery is one of the most demanding surgical specialties in terms of precision requirements and surgical field limitations. Recent advancements in robotic technology have generated the possibility of incorporating advanced technological tools to the neurosurgical operating room. Although previous studies have addressed the specific details of new robotic systems, there is very little literature on the strengths and drawbacks of past attempts, currently available platforms and prototypes in development. In this review, the authors present a critical historical analysis of the development of robotic technology in neurosurgery as well as a comprehensive summary of the currently available systems that can be expected to be incorporated to the neurosurgical armamentarium in the near future. Finally, the authors present a critical analysis of the main technical challenges in robotic technology development at the present time (such as the design of improved systems for haptic feedback and the necessity of incorporating intraoperative imaging data) as well as the benefits which robotic technology is expected to bring to specific neurosurgical subspecialties in the near future.

  17. State of Art in the Science and Technology of Electrical Discharge Light Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zissis, Georges; Rouffet, Jean-Baptiste

    Light is vital for life: Light sources play an indispensable role to daily life of any Human being. Our World cannot be conceived without light. Quality of life, health and, somehow, urban security related with traffic and crime prevention measures depend on light and on its quality. The lighting industry is an important economic factor in Europe, USA and many Asiatic Countries. All in all, lighting is an important socio-economic factor and lighting system development should be an integral part of any Sustainable Development and of any program of improvement of Quality of Life. This presentation provides an overview of the present state of research in the science and technology of light sources. Existing technologies and future challenges for the lighting industry will be presented. To better understanding the light source technology an part of this presentation will be devoted to the physics of light sources.

  18. State of the Art of HVAC Technology in Europe and America

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Bjarne W.; Kazanci, Ongun Berk

    2015-01-01

    for increasing the energy efficiency of HVAC (heating, ventilation and air-conditioning) systems and for increasing the amount of renewable energy used. Especially these types of systems are getting increasing attention in Europe and North-America. In the present study, operation characteristics, possibilities...... mechanisms and media to emit and remove heat or moisture from indoor spaces (e.g. hydronic radiant heating and cooling systems, fan-coil units, and active beams). The main differences between HVAC systems in Europe, North America and other parts of the world are often the indoor terminal units. Type...... of energy sources and energy generators are very much similar. This paper will present state-of the art-off energy efficient systems that will provide a good indoor environmental quality at a decreased energy use. Low Temperature Heating and High Temperature Cooling systems are an important requirement...

  19. Solid anaerobic digestion: State-of-art, scientific and technological hurdles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    André, Laura; Pauss, André; Ribeiro, Thierry

    2017-09-05

    In this paper, a state-of-art about solid anaerobic digestion (AD), focused on recent progress and trends of research is proposed. Solid anaerobic digestion should be the most appropriate process for degradation of by-products with high total solid (TS) content, especially lignocellulosic materials like agricultural waste (straw, manure), household waste and food waste. Solid AD is already widely used in waste water treatment plant for treating plant for sewage sludge but could be more developed for lignocellulosic materials with high TS content. Many research works were carried out in Europe on solid AD, focused on current hurdles (BMP, codigestion, inhibition, microbial population, rheology, water transfers, inoculum, etc.) in order to optimize the solid AD process. In conclusion, hurdles of solid AD process should and must be solved in order to propose better productivity and profitability of such system operating with high TS content (>15%), favouring reliable industrial processes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Study on the Service Innovation of the Libraries of Art Design Institutes and Colleges---Taking Dalian Campus Library of Luxun Academy of Fine Arts as an Example%关于艺术设计院校图书馆服务创新的研究--以鲁迅美术学院大连校区图书馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明月辉

    2014-01-01

    The teachers and students of art design institutes and colleges have a unique demand for book resources, and how to mine the innovation of library’s management and service mode from the perspective of users has become a problem demanding prompt solution. Taking Dalian Campus Library of Luxun Academy of Fine Arts as an example, this paper makes comprehensive analysis on the current status of the management and service mode of the libraries of art design institutes and colleges, and explains both the micro innovation measures and macro development ideas of the two sides for providing references for the innovation and development of the libraries of art design institutes and colleges.%艺术设计院校的师生对图书资源有着独特的需求,如何从用户视角挖掘图书馆管理与服务模式的创新,是当前艺术设计院校图书馆亟待解决的问题。以鲁迅美术学院大连校区图书馆为例,全面分析了艺术设计院校图书馆管理与服务模式的现状,诠释了二者的微观创新举措与宏观发展思路,旨在为艺术图书馆的创新发展提供参考。

  1. Chemical Nanotechnology: A Liberal Arts Approach to a Basic Course in Emerging Interdisciplinary Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Lon A., Jr.

    2007-01-01

    The nanotechnology degree programs initiated at various institutions provided an excellent way of learning to look at the amazing opportunities that arise when various disciplines of science interact. The enrolled students were actively engaged in the subject matter and also expressed greater confidence in their ability to consider technology with…

  2. CA-storage : technology, application and research. State of the art in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaik, van A.C.R.; Verschoor, J.A.

    2003-01-01

    CA-technology in the Netherlands is used mostly for storage of apples and pears; main varieties for apples are Elstar and Jonagold. The main pear variety Conference is stored in CA after a specific delay time to prevent the pears from getting internal defects. For a wide range of produce (e.g. flowe

  3. Educational Technology as a Key to Educational Innovation: State of the Art Report from Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Issing, Ludwig, J.; Schaumburg, Heike

    2001-01-01

    Reports current governmental initiatives and projects on the elementary/secondary school and university level to provide a brief overview on the state of educational technology in Germany. Discusses conferences and exhibitions concerning the use of media in education, and uses of the Internet and distance education. (AEF)

  4. The Impact of Ubiquitous Technologies on the Art Museum as Urban [Political] Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Mogens; Søndergaard, Morten

    The Museum is part of a ubiquitous framing of cultural production and a common, urban (political) space. In later years, technology has enhanced the ubiquity, as well as challenged the foundation of, the Museum. From this enhancement and challenge, which is transforming the museum itself, new...

  5. Evaluation of state of the art technologies, GLOBEMEN Deliverable D411

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van den Berg, Roel; Hannus, Matti; Pedersen, Jens Dahl

    2000-01-01

    The report gives an overview of the current practice of inter-enterprise business processes and information and communication technology (ICT) support at a functional and technical level. ICT is seen as the enabler for current and future virtual enterprise concepts and functionality. It includes ...

  6. 2-in-1 shampoo technology: state-of-the-art shampoo and conditioner in one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rushton, H; Gummer, C L; Flasch, H

    1994-01-01

    Consumers have expressed a need for cleaning and conditioning in one step. Conventional shampoo technology using anionic surfactants and cationic conditioners results in charge interaction and complexing of the ingredients. Neither shampoo nor conditioners achieves the desired result. The successful solution was to incorporate charge neutral dimethicone conditioning ingredients, suspended as microfine droplets within complex crystal lattices, into anionic surfactant shampoo technology. The same solution has also been applied to amphoteric surfactant systems. This provides complete cleaning, and hair conditioning fully equal to separate conditioners without the problems of sebum interactions and conditioner build-up. This was achieved by keeping the dimethicone in suspension throughout the shampoo process. During rinsing, excess water breaks the crystalline lattice and allows deposition of the dimethicone droplets onto the hair. Full cleaning and conditioning are, therefore, achieved in one application. Dimethicone build-up is not encountered as subsequent washes first remove soil and previously deposited dimethicone. Neither do neutral dimethicones show any reactions with sebum. The development of effective 2-in-1 technology has had a major impact on shampoo technology and consumer habits and practices. This has significantly changed the way consumers care for their hair.

  7. State-of-the-Art of Virtual Reality Technologies for Children on the Autism Spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, Sarah; Cobb, Sue

    2011-01-01

    In the past decade there has been a rapid advance in the use of virtual reality (VR) technologies for leisure, training and education. VR is argued to offer particular benefits for children on the autism spectrum, chiefly because it can offer simulations of authentic real-world situations in a carefully controlled and safe environment. Given the…

  8. State of the art HOT performances for Sofradir II-VI extrinsic technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubaldo, Laurent; Brunner, Alexandre; Guinedor, Pierre; Taalat, Rachid; Sam-giao, Diane; Kerlain, Alexandre; Dargent, Loïc.; Nicolas, Péré-Laprene; Chaffraix, Vincent; Bourqui, Marie-Lise; Loquet, Yannick; Coussement, Jerome

    2016-05-01

    SOFRADIR is the worldwide leader on the cooled IR detector market for high-performance space, military and security applications thanks to a well mastered Mercury Cadmium Telluride (MCT) technology, and recently thanks to the acquisition of III-V technology: InSb, InGaAs, and QWIP quantum detectors. Strong and continuous development efforts are deployed to deliver cutting edge products with improved performances in terms of spatial and thermal resolution, low excess noise and high operability. The actual trend in quantum IR detector development is the design of very small pixel, with high operating temperature. To maintain the detector performances and operability at high temperature, the number of pixels exhibiting extra noise like 1/f and RTS noise must be limited. This paper presents the recent developments achieved in Sofradir in terms of HOT MCT extrinsic p on n technology, blue MW band (cut-off wavelength of 4.2μm at 150K) and extended MW band (cut-off wavelength of 5.3μm at 130K). Comparison between optimized and non-optimized technology will be presented in terms of NETD temperature dependency, MTF, 1/f noise and the corresponding impact on RFPN (Residual Fixe Pattern Noise) and its stability up to 170K will be shown.

  9. Evaluation of state of the art technologies, GLOBEMEN Deliverable D411

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van den Berg, Roel; Hannus, Matti; Pedersen, Jens Dahl

    2000-01-01

    The report gives an overview of the current practice of inter-enterprise business processes and information and communication technology (ICT) support at a functional and technical level. ICT is seen as the enabler for current and future virtual enterprise concepts and functionality. It includes ...

  10. Review of the state-of-the-art of exhaust particulate filter technology in internal combustion engines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Bin; Zhan, Reggie; Lin, He; Huang, Zhen

    2015-05-01

    The increasingly stringent emission regulations, such as US 2010, Tier 2 Bin 5 and beyond, off-road Tier 4 final, and Euro V/5 for particulate matter (PM) reduction applications, will mandate the use of the diesel particulate filters (DPFs) technology, which is proven to be the only way that can effectively control the particulate emissions. This paper covers a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art DPF technologies, including the advanced filter substrate materials, the novel catalyst formulations, the highly sophisticated regeneration control strategies, the DPF uncontrolled regenerations and their control methodologies, the DPF soot loading prediction, and the soot sensor for the PM on-board diagnostics (OBD) legislations. Furthermore, the progress of the highly optimized hybrid approaches, which involves the integration of diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) + (DPF, NOx reduction catalyst), the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst coated on DPF, as well as DPF in the high-pressure exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) loop systems, is well discussed. Besides, the impacts of the quality of fuel and lubricant on the DPF performance and the maintenance and retrofit of DPF are fully elaborated. Meanwhile, the high efficiency gasoline particulate filter (GPF) technology is being required to effectively reduce the PM and particulate number (PN) emissions from the gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines to comply with the future increasingly stricter emissions regulations.

  11. The role of technology in minimally invasive surgery: state of the art, recent developments and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonutti, Michele; Elson, Daniel S; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Darzi, Ara W; Sodergren, Mikael H

    2017-03-01

    The diffusion of minimally invasive surgery has thrived in recent years, providing substantial benefits over traditional techniques for a number of surgical interventions. This rapid growth has been possible due to significant advancements in medical technology, which partly solved some of the technical and clinical challenges associated with minimally invasive techniques. The issues that still limit its widespread adoption for some applications include the limited field of view; reduced manoeuvrability of the tools; lack of haptic feedback; loss of depth perception; extended learning curve; prolonged operative times and higher financial costs. The present review discusses some of the main recent technological advancements that fuelled the uptake of minimally invasive surgery, focussing especially on the areas of imaging, instrumentation, cameras and robotics. The current limitations of state-of-the-art technology are identified and addressed, proposing future research directions necessary to overcome them. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  12. Restricting Access to ART on the Basis of Criminal Record : An Ethical Analysis of a State-Enforced "Presumption Against Treatment" With Regard to Assisted Reproductive Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Kara; McDougall, Rosalind

    2015-09-01

    As assisted reproductive technologies (ART) become increasingly popular, debate has intensified over the ethical justification for restricting access to ART based on various medical and non-medical factors. In 2010, the Australian state of Victoria enacted world-first legislation that denies access to ART for all patients with certain criminal or child protection histories. Patients and their partners are identified via a compulsory police and child protection check prior to commencing ART and, if found to have a previous relevant conviction or child protection order, are given a "presumption against treatment." This article reviews the legislation and identifies arguments that may be used to justify restricting access to ART for various reasons. The arguments reviewed include limitations of reproductive rights, inheriting undesirable genetic traits, distributive justice, and the welfare of the future child. We show that none of these arguments justifies restricting access to ART in the context of past criminal history. We show that a "presumption against treatment" is an unjustified infringement on reproductive freedom and that it creates various inconsistencies in current social, medical, and legal policy. We argue that a state-enforced policy of restricting access to ART based on the non-medical factor of past criminal history is an example of unjust discrimination and cannot be ethically justified, with one important exception: in cases where ART treatment may be considered futile on the basis that the parents are not expected to raise the resulting child.

  13. Methane Post-Processor Development to Increase Oxygen Recovery beyond State-of-the-Art Carbon Dioxide Reduction Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abney, Morgan B.; Greenwood, Zachary; Miller, Lee A.; Alvarez, Giraldo; Iannantuono, Michelle; Jones, Kenny

    2013-01-01

    State-of-the-art life support carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction technology, based on the Sabatier reaction, is theoretically capable of 50% recovery of oxygen from metabolic CO2. This recovery is constrained by the limited availability of reactant hydrogen. Post-processing of the methane byproduct from the Sabatier reactor results in hydrogen recycle and a subsequent increase in oxygen recovery. For this purpose, a Methane Post-Processor Assembly containing three sub-systems has been developed and tested. The assembly includes a Methane Purification Assembly (MePA) to remove residual CO2 and water vapor from the Sabatier product stream, a Plasma Pyrolysis Assembly (PPA) to partially pyrolyze methane into hydrogen and acetylene, and an Acetylene Separation Assembly (ASepA) to purify the hydrogen product for recycle. The results of partially integrated testing of the sub-systems are reported

  14. Materials and technologies in Art Nouveau architecture: Facade decoration cases in Italy, Portugal and Poland for a consistent restoration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrolini, F.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of a diagnostic survey on the materials of representative Art Nouveau buildings in Italy, Portugal and Poland are here presented and compared, as a contribution to their understanding and, hence, to support compatible restoration. In particular, the facade decorations were investigated for the appraisal of their materials and technologies, often neglected in current maintenance/restoration works and so cancelled, leading to a severe loss in architectural image. The ongoing diagnostic campaign, in collaboration among different universities, is aimed to set up a database on materials and technologies of Art Nouveau facade decorations at a European scale, as a technical-scientific background for the highlighting of preservation guidelines.

    En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de un estudio de diagnóstico sobre materiales representativos de edificios del periodo del Modernismo en Italia, Portugal y Polonia. Con la comparación de estos resultados se pretende contribuir a incrementar el conocimiento de los materiales usados en este patrimonio, que permita realizar más eficazmente las futuras intervenciones de restauración. En particular, se analizan las decoraciones de las fachadas, pasando por el reconocimiento de sus materiales constituyentes y de las tecnologías usadas, que muchas veces no son adecuadamente estudiados en intervenciones de mantenimiento y/o restauración, provocando graves pérdidas en su imagen y lenguaje arquitectónico original. Con la campaña de trabajos de diagnóstico, en colaboración con varias universidades, se pretende crear una base de datos sobre materiales y tecnologías usados en las decoraciones de fachada en el periodo del Modernismo a una escala europea. El material podrá constituirse en una herramienta técnico-científica de soporte al desarrollo de directrices y recomendaciones para la preservación de este patrimonio.

  15. Anne Fine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip Gaydon

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An interview with Anne Fine with an introduction and aside on the role of children’s literature in our lives and development, and our adult perceptions of the suitability of childhood reading material.Since graduating from Warwick in 1968 with a BA in Politics and History, Anne Fine has written over fifty books for children and eight for adults, won the Carnegie Medal twice (for Goggle-Eyes in 1989 and Flour Babies in 1992, been a highly commended runner-up three times (for Bill’s New Frock in 1989, The Tulip Touch in 1996, and Up on Cloud Nine in 2002, been shortlisted for the Hans Christian Andersen Award (the highest recognition available to a writer or illustrator of children’s books, 1998, undertaken the positon of Children’s Laureate (2001-2003, and been awarded an OBE for her services to literature (2003. Warwick presented Fine with an Honorary Doctorate in 2005.Philip Gaydon’s interview with Anne Fine was recorded as part of the ‘Voices of the University’ oral history project, co-ordinated by Warwick’s Institute of Advanced Study.

  16. A state of the art report on the decontamination technology for dry ice blasting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, J. M.; Kim, K. H.; Park, J. J.; Lee, H. H.; Yang, M. S.; Nam, S. H.; Kim, M. J

    2000-05-01

    DUPIC fuel fabrication process is a dry processing technology to manufacture CANDU compatible fuel through a direct reprocessing fabrication process from spent PWR fuel. DUPIC fuel fabrication process consists of the slitting of the spent PWR fuel rods, OREOX processing, homogeneous mixing, pelletizing and sintering. All these processes should be conducted by remote means in a M6 hot cell at IMEF. Since DUPIC fuel fabrication process includes powder handling process of highly radioactive spent fuel, decontamination of highly radioactive particulates from all types of surfaces such as DUPIC fuel manufacturing equipment, hot cell floor, tools is very important to improve the safety of hot cell and reduce the dose exposure to operator, This report describes various technologies for dry ice blasting. It provides the fundamentals of dry ice blasting decontamination and technical review of dry ice blasting on the radioactive decontamination.

  17. How to rediscover Nature in the Digital Era: Earth sciences, Art and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanza, Tiziana

    2016-04-01

    How much time spend in Nature the average man? And how much time men spend in the virtual world? Can we consider this one of the main issues when mourning the growing devastating input coming from human activities on the environment? This preliminary work on the theme collect some ideas on the issue and prospect some solution to the light of the work already done in the past. Starting from data collected from the web describing the impact of technology on everyday life, and passing through some studies concerning the impact of technology on the human brain, a new way of conceiving Earth education takes inspiration from a cross cutting of ideas and results coming from different disciplines describing the contemporary world.

  18. State of the art of nanocrystals technology for delivery of poorly soluble drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yuqi; Du, Juan; Wang, Lulu; Wang, Yancai

    2016-09-01

    Formulation of nanocrystals is a distinctive approach which can effectively improve the delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs, thus enticing the development of the nanocrystals technology. The characteristics of nanocrystals resulted in an exceptional drug delivery conductance, including saturation solubility, dissolution velocity, adhesiveness, and affinity. Nanocrystals were treated as versatile pharmaceuticals that could be delivered through almost all routes of administration. In the current review, oral, pulmonary, and intravenous routes of administration were presented. Also, the targeting of drug nanocrystals, as well as issues of efficacy and safety, were also discussed. Several methods were applied for nanocrystals production including top-down production strategy (media milling, high-pressure homogenization), bottom-up production strategy (antisolvent precipitation, supercritical fluid process, and precipitation by removal of solvent), and the combination approaches. Moreover, this review also described the evaluation and characterization of the drug nanocrystals and summarized the current commercial pharmaceutical products utilizing nanocrystals technology.

  19. Computer-generated slides: outdated technology or state-of-the-art presentation style?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinds, K F

    1998-01-01

    With the explosion of computerization, it appears that the business community is switching to computer-based presentations, projecting onto a screen directly from a computer, instead of the old standard of presenting with slides. However, the dental profession has been slow to follow. Although some speakers have switched to computer-based presentations, slides are still the standard in 1998. With the advent of numerous new computer software programs, clinicians are now able to generate highly sophisticated slides, that can be an equally powerful medium to communicate with the audience. Unfortunately, many clinicians are not taking advantage of the benefits of this technology. This article explains the simplicity of generating professional, high quality slides, reviews the major programs and equipment available to accomplish this task, and previews the multitude of applications this technology offers to practitioners as well as educators.

  20. Key technologies in whole lifecycle of electromechanical products: state of art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUAN Guang-hong; XIANG Dong; MOU Peng

    2005-01-01

    Nowadays, issues on population, environment and resource have become the world's attentive focus. Sustainable development has been widely accepted around the world. As one of the biggest waste generator and resources consumer, manufacturing industry is facing more challenges as well as opportunities. In order to reduce both resource consuming and waste discharging effectively, traditionally manufacturing mode should be improved. Newly emerged creative technologies and strategies, including green design, green manufacturing and cleaner production,are regarded as the radical resolvent for current environment and resource issues and they will be the only way in the future that manufacturing will evolve. In this paper, a serial of research on green design/manufacturing and cleaner product theoretically and practically was presented. These creative technology and strategy will give strong support to‘green’the whole electromechanical designing and manufacturing processes.

  1. State-of-the-Art Review of Low-Cost Collector Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    1I SERI Heliostat redirect the sun’s energy to a receiver mounted in a central area. In the receiver, the energy is absorbed into a circulating ( heat ...Mobility Low-Cost Parabolic Trough Survivability Light-Weight Thin-Film Reliability Heliostats Polymers Military 20. ABSTRACT (Contine an revers. deo It... heliostats and parabolic dish collectors. In addition several criteria were evaluated with respect to low-cost collector technologies These included

  2. 创新创业教育背景下美术院校的招生考试%Fine arts college admissions exams under the background of entrepreneurship innovation education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利军

    2015-01-01

    创新创业教育是国家在高等院校中推行的一项重要政策,这对于完善高等教育,培养大学生创新精神和创新能力具有重大意义。目前,“大学生创新创业”已经成为高等教育的关键词,在这样的背景下,对美术高校招生考试制度进行探讨,如何进一步完善招生考试制度,应该有积极的实践意义。%The entrepreneurship education is an important policy: innovation, for improving the higher education, to cultivate college students' innovation spirit and innovation ability is of great significance. At present, the "college students' innovative undertaking has become the key words of higher education, in this context, the fine arts college entrance examination system were discussed, how to further improve the system of the recruitment of students test, there should be a positive practical significance.

  3. 中西方浪漫主义美术之比较--以徐渭与德拉克洛瓦为例%Comparison of Western and Chinese Romanticism Fine Art-- Taking Xu Wei and Delacroix for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏

    2014-01-01

    在艺术创作过程中,浪漫主义艺术家以现实生活为基础,用无限的幻想和饱满的热情,来抒发主体对理想世界的追求和表现内在精神世界的渴望。但中西方浪漫主义美术无论从历史发展的角度还是从具体艺术表现形式来看都存在很大的差异,我们可以从浪漫主义艺术家徐渭和德拉克洛瓦的作品中得以充分的感悟。%Romanticism artists express their ideas on the spiritual world with boundless imagination and enthusiasm and these artistic creations are rooted in their real lives. However,there is a great difference between western and eastern ro-manticism fine art,both in historical development and specific artistic form. We can gain an insight from romanticism artists Xu Wei and Delacroix’s works.

  4. A state of the art on coastal environmental protection using radioisotope tracer technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Sung Hee; Jin, Joon Ha; Kim, Jong Bum; Choi, Byung Jong

    2002-04-01

    Construction of artificial structures has caused a sediment process change due to the variation of hydraulic condition in Korea. Subsequently we have a serious problem of shoaling for shoreline deformation, siltation of the harbor and shipping channel. To protect those abnormal environmental changes, a large estimate has been spent for additional construction such as outer wall facilities, littoral nourishment and dredging. Systematic long-term studies should be carried out to understand the causes of environmental change. In addition, comprehensive plan is required for its monitoring and prevention. The radioisotope application studies for coastal environmental protection have not been actively performed only in the developed countries like France, Canada, and Australia etc., but also in many developing countries like Poland, India. Since KAERI has performed two experiments in costal area of Korea in 1960s, no more study has been reported. Recently the studies of radiotracer application technology is getting more interested in terms of on-line data acquisition and analysis for the validation of the numerical simulation models. The experiment using radiotracer becomes an important part of the method to solve the problems happening in coastal environment, as it supplies data with high confidence in the field. On the basis of the experience obtained from the researches for industrial application of radiotracer technology, KAERI is going to make its first step to the development of the radiotracer technology for costal environmental studies.

  5. Survey of state-of-the-art technology in remote concealed weapon detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, Nicholas C.; Demma, Fred J.; Ferris, David D., Jr.; McMillan, Robert W.; Vannicola, Vincent C.; Wicks, Michael C.

    1995-09-01

    Recent advances in millimeter-wave (MMV), microwave, and infrared (IR) technologies provide the means to detect concealed weapons remotely through clothing and is some cases through walls. Since the developemnt of forward-looking infrared instruments, work has been ongoing in attempting to use these devices for concealed weapon detection based on temperatrue differences between metallic weapons and in the infrared has led to the development of techniques based on lower frequencies. Focal plane arrays operating MMW frequencies are becoming available which eliminate the need for a costly and slow mechanical scanner for generating images. These radiometric sensors also detect temperature differences between weapons and the human body background. Holographic imaging systems operating at both microwave and MMW frequencies have been developed which generate images of near photographic quality through clothing and through thin, nonmetallic walls. Finally, a real- aperture radar is useful for observing people and detecting weapons through walls and in the field under reduced visibility conditions. This paper will review all of these technologies and give examples of images generated by each type of sensor. An assessment of the future of this technology with regard to law enforcement applications will also be given.

  6. State of the Art in Electronic Assistive Technologies for People with Dementia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Ricardo Castellot; Giuliano, Angele; Mulvenna, Maurice D.

    It is estimated by 2050 that one-third of Europe's population will be over 60. Life expectancy has on average already risen by 2.5 years per decade and the number of old people aged 80+ is expected to grow by 180%. Nowadays, there are 5.5 million cases of Alzheimer-afflicted people in Europe and more new cases being added every year. In fact Alzheimer's disease has been called the "plague of the twenty-first century". There is currently no cure for this disease; however, prevention and early diagnosis may play a huge role in delaying the onset of the worst effects of this severe disease. Modern technologies could have an important role to satisfy main needs of people with dementia. Nonetheless, despite recent advancements in information and communication technologies and growing sales numbers, industry has been rather reluctant to standardise access technologies and to implement them in a "Design for All approach". Because of this, in last years, there have been launched in Europe a great number of initiatives, both public and private, which try to improve the situation of those persons who suffer this ailment and that will be detailed in this chapter.

  7. State-of-the-art human gene therapy: part I. Gene delivery technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dan; Gao, Guangping

    2014-01-01

    Safe and effective gene delivery is a prerequisite for successful gene therapy. In the early age of human gene therapy, setbacks due to problematic gene delivery vehicles plagued the exciting therapeutic outcome. However, gene delivery technologies rapidly evolved ever since. With the advancement of gene delivery techniques, gene therapy clinical trials surged during the past decade. As the first gene therapy product (Glybera) has obtained regulatory approval and reached clinic, human gene therapy finally realized the promise that genes can be medicines. The diverse gene delivery techniques available today have laid the foundation for gene therapy applications in treating a wide range of human diseases. Some of the most urgent unmet medical needs, such as cancer and pandemic infectious diseases, have been tackled by gene therapy strategies with promising results. Furthermore, combining gene transfer with other breakthroughs in biomedical research and novel biotechnologies opened new avenues for gene therapy. Such innovative therapeutic strategies are unthinkable until now, and are expected to be revolutionary. In part I of this review, we introduced recent development of non-viral and viral gene delivery technology platforms. As cell-based gene therapy blossomed, we also summarized the diverse types of cells and vectors employed in ex vivo gene transfer. Finally, challenges in current gene delivery technologies for human use were discussed.

  8. What can science and technology studies learn from art and design? Reflections on 'Synthetic Aesthetics'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvert, Jane; Schyfter, Pablo

    2016-12-01

    In this paper we reflect on a project called 'Synthetic Aesthetics', which brought together synthetic biologists with artists and designers in paired exchanges. We - the STS researchers on the project - were quickly struck by the similarities between our objectives and those of the artists and designers. We shared interests in forging new collaborations with synthetic biologists, 'opening up' the science by exploring implicit assumptions, and interrogating dominant research agendas. But there were also differences between us, the most important being that the artists and designers made tangible artefacts, which had an immediacy and an ability to travel, and which seemed to allow different types of discussions from those initiated by our academic texts. The artists and designers also appeared to have the freedom to be more playful, challenging and perhaps subversive in their interactions with synthetic biology. In this paper we reflect on what we learned from working with the artists and designers on the project, and we argue that engaging more closely with art and design can enrich STS work by enabling an emergent form of critique.

  9. Artful creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darsø, Lotte

    2013-01-01

    An introduction to the field of Arts-in-Business outlining 4 different approaches: 1) Art as decoration, 2) Art as intertainment, 3) Arts as instrumental, 4) Art as strategic......An introduction to the field of Arts-in-Business outlining 4 different approaches: 1) Art as decoration, 2) Art as intertainment, 3) Arts as instrumental, 4) Art as strategic...

  10. A State of the Art on the Technology for Recycling and Reuse of the Decommissioning Concrete Wastes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Chung Hun; Choi, Wang Kyu; Min, Byung Youn; Oh, Won Zin; Lee, Kun Woo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-02-15

    This report describes the reduction and recycling technology of decommissioning concrete waste. Decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) becomes one of the most important nuclear markets especially in the developed countries including USA, UK and France where lots of the retired nuclear facilities have been waiting for decommissioning. In our country the KAERI has been carrying out the decommissioning of the retired TRIGA MARK II and III research reactors and an uranium conversion plant as the first national decommissioning project since 1998. One of the most important areas of the decommissioning is a management of a huge amount of a decommissioning waste the cost of which is more than half of the total decommissioning cost. Therefore reduction in decommissioning waste by a reuse or a recycle is an important subject of decommissioning technology development in the world. Recently much countries pay attention to recycle the large amount of concrete dismantling waste resulted from both a nuclear and a non nuclear industries. In our country, much attention was taken in a recycle of concrete dismantling waste as a concrete aggregate, but a little success has been resulted due to the disadvantages such as a weakness of hardness and surface mortar contamination. A recycle in nuclear industry and a self disposal of the radioactively contaminated concrete wastes are main directions of concrete wastes resulted from a nuclear facility decommissioning. In this report it was reviewed the state of art of the related technologies for a reduction and a recycle of concrete wastes from a nuclear decommissioning in the country and abroad. Prior to recycle and reuse in the nuclear sector, however, the regulatory criteria for the recycle and reuse of concrete waste should be established in parallel with the development of the recycling technology.

  11. Biomass gasification cogeneration – A review of state of the art technology and near future perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Thomsen, Tobias; Henriksen, Ulrik Birk

    2013-01-01

    in future energy systems. Thermal gasification of biomass is proved throughout this article to be both highly flexible and efficient if used optimally. Cogeneration processes with production of heat-and-power, heat-power-and-fuel or heat-power-and-fertilizer are described and compared. The following......Biomass is a renewable resource from which a broad variety of commodities can be produced. However, the resource is scarce and must be used with care to avoid depleting future stock possibilities. Flexibility and efficiency in production are key characteristics for biomass conversion technologies...

  12. Panel presentation at international symposium for electronic art 'Waves of technology'

    OpenAIRE

    Flaxton, T.

    2015-01-01

    This panel was formed to create a picture of, then interrogate the tsunami-like effect of the expanding capabilities of moving-image capture and display and place this within a reading of history that proposed that technology comes upon us insistently like waves upon the beach and that this situation is of our making. \\ud \\ud Panel Chair, Professor Terry Flaxton University of the West of England. Introduction 10 minutes: The concept of ‘Waves of technology’. Then part 2, 10 minutes: Examinati...

  13. Fine-tuning for the tropics: application of eDNA technology for invasive fish detection in tropical freshwater ecosystems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Heather L A; Noble, Tansyn H; Saunders, Richard J; Robson, Simon K A; Burrows, Damien W; Jerry, Dean R

    2016-07-01

    Invasive species pose a major threat to aquatic ecosystems. Their impact can be particularly severe in tropical regions, like those in northern Australia, where >20 invasive fish species are recorded. In temperate regions, environmental DNA (eDNA) technology is gaining momentum as a tool to detect aquatic pests, but the technology's effectiveness has not been fully explored in tropical systems with their unique climatic challenges (i.e. high turbidity, temperatures and ultraviolet light). In this study, we modified conventional eDNA protocols for use in tropical environments using the invasive fish, Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) as a detection model. We evaluated the effects of high water temperatures and fish density on the detection of tilapia eDNA, using filters with larger pores to facilitate filtration. Large-pore filters (20 μm) were effective in filtering turbid waters and retaining sufficient eDNA, whilst achieving filtration times of 2-3 min per 2-L sample. High water temperatures, often experienced in the tropics (23, 29, 35 °C), did not affect eDNA degradation rates, although high temperatures (35 °C) did significantly increase fish eDNA shedding rates. We established a minimum detection limit for tilapia (1 fish/0.4 megalitres/after 4 days) and found that low water flow (3.17 L/s) into ponds with high fish density (>16 fish/0.4 megalitres) did not affect eDNA detection. These results demonstrate that eDNA technology can be effectively used in tropical ecosystems to detect invasive fish species.

  14. Present situation investigation of pre-school education teachers of fine arts education quality——Taizhou District for example%学前教育师资美术教育素质的现状调查——以泰州地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚春艳

    2015-01-01

    美术素质的培养可以帮助儿童进行系统整体的审美感知.幼儿教师的美术教育素质将直接影响幼儿身心健全的发展.通过对幼儿教师美术教育素质及学前教育专业美术教学现状进行调查分析,进而了解学前教育师资美术教育素质的现状.%The quality of the fine arts training can help children with their aesthetic perception systematically and comprehensively. Preschool teachers' quality of fine arts education will directly influence the development of children's body and mind. With the investigation and analysis on the preschool teachers' educational quality and the present situation of fine arts in preschool teaching, the current situation of teachers' quality of art teaching in pre-school education could be understood.

  15. Robotics in neurosurgery: state of the art and future technological challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, L; Li, Q; Jain, S; Kaur, G

    2004-06-01

    The use of robotic technologies to assist surgeons was conceptually described almost thirty years ago but has only recently become feasible. In Neurosurgery, medical robots have been applied to neurosurgery for over 19 years. Nevertheless this field remains unknown to most neurosurgeons. The intrinsic characteristics of robots, such as high precision, repeatability and endurance make them ideal surgeon's assistants. Unfortunately, limitations in the current available systems make its use limited to very few centers in the world. During the last decade, important efforts have been made between academic and industry partnerships to develop robots suitable for use in the operating room environment. Although some applications have been successful in areas of laparoscopic surgery and orthopaedics, Neurosurgery has presented a major challenge due to the eloquence of the surrounding anatomy. This review focuses on the application of medical robotics in neurosurgery. The paper begins with an overview of the development of the medical robotics, followed by the current clinical applications in neurosurgery and an analysis of current limitations. We discuss robotic applications based in our own experience in the field. Next, we discuss the technological challenges and research areas to overcome those limitations, including some of our current research approaches for future progress in the field.

  16. State of the art of bioenergy technologies and primary applications in the Maritime provinces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Preto, F. [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada). CANMET Energy Technology Centre

    2005-07-01

    This paper discussed both opportunities and resources in the bioenergy industry in the Maritimes. Agricultural residues were listed by province, including urban and forestry residues. Bioenergy utilization was discussed, with reference to the limited quantities of biomass and current technologies. Issues concerning biomass burning were examined, along with power generation issues. The benefits and challenges of the Williams Lake Generating Station were described with reference to co-firing and and distributed generation approaches. Potential co-firing sites were identified and planning issues were reviewed. Distributed generation issues were also discussed, with reference to combustion-based systems and gasification and pyrolysis based systems. Indirect fired gas turbines were also reviewed, with reference to the limitations imposed by high temperature heat exchangers. Various biomass-fired units were reviewed along with the current status of gasification. Pyrolysis issues were discussed, including flash pyrolysis and its imminent commercialization and pilot plants. The limited uses of and experience with pyrolysis oils were reviewed. It was concluded that coal-fired generating capacity to co-fire biomass was the most cost-effective path to near-term use of renewable biomass feedstock. Detailed site analyses were necessary for successful co-firing applications. Utilization technologies for pyrolysis oils required further development. It was also suggested that gas clean-up issues need to be resolved for the utilization of biomass-derived syngas. tabs, figs.

  17. State of the art and future of robot technology; Robot gijutsu no genjo to shorai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, A. [Kinki University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Biology Oriented Science and Technology

    1995-12-31

    This paper outlines mainly the mechanism and control of robots among various robot technologies. Robot is a mechanical equipment satisfying a part or all of three following conditions: (1) three elements equivalent to brain, hand and foot, (2) external sensors for remote detection and contact detection, and (3) internal sensors for balance sense and proprioceptive sense. Motion functions with the degree of freedom equivalent at least to a part of manipulation actions of human arm and hand are required for the robot which is expected to be an intelligent machine substituted for human beings dislike simple repetitive works. This paper also explains some current examples of robot`s joint drive mechanism and motion control system. On control technology, the autonomous attitude control of plasma spray guns using ultrasonic sensor was studied experimentally, and the reliability and accuracy of location and attitude control were confirmed. On medical and welfare robot, the friendly rehabilitation equipment for finger joint troubles was developed on the basis of a multi-joint robot. 4 refs., 17 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Application of fine-controlling technology of ballastless track in Tai-Zhong-Yin railway%无砟轨道精调技术在太中银铁路中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫

    2012-01-01

    结合太中银铁路无砟轨道精调施工案例,对无砟轨道精调工作作了概述,重点归纳了精调作业流程及技术要点,并总结了一些经验及建议,通过精调施工,轨道的状态达到了理想的效果,保证了线路的平顺性及乘车的舒适性。%Integrating with fine-controlling construction example of ballastless track of Tai-Zhong-Yin railway, the paper illustrates the fine-con- trolling work of ballastless track, mainly summarizes fine-controlling procedures and technological points, and outlines some experience and sug- gestions. Through fine-controlling construction, the track achieves ideal effect, which guarantees the smooth and comfort travel.

  19. State of the art in surgical robotics: clinical applications and technology challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, K; Nguyen, C

    2001-01-01

    Although it has been over 15 years since the first recorded use of a robot for a surgical procedure, the field of medical robotics is still an emerging one that has not yet reached a critical mass. Although robots have the potential to improve the precision and capabilities of physicians, the number of robots in clinical use is still very small. In this review article, we begin with a short historical review of medical robotics, followed by an overview of clinical applications where robots have been applied. The clinical applications are then discussed; they include neurosurgery, orthopedics, urology, maxillofacial surgery, radiosurgery, ophthalmology, and cardiac surgery. We conclude with a listing of technology challenges and research areas, including system architecture, software design, mechanical design, imaging compatible systems, user interface, and safety issues.

  20. State of the art of diagnostic technology for early-stage melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guitera, Pascale; Menzies, Scott W

    2011-05-01

    In the past few decades, rapid improvements in noninvasive optical technologies have revolutionized the diagnosis of early-stage melanoma. Current knowledge and limitations of these tools will be reviewed in this article. Dermoscopy has been recognized as the 'gold standard' in the screening phase. Digital dermoscopy monitoring and total-body photography are used to identify so-called 'featureless' melanoma only on the criteria of change over time. Automated instruments, as well as optical and nonmorphological methods, are still under development, and offer many opportunities to improve the speed and accuracy of the diagnosis of melanoma and/or to reduce the need for expertise. Despite a penetration depth limited to the upper dermis, the quasi-histological imaging achieved by in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy has been demonstrated to significantly aid diagnostic accuracy for selected melanocytic lesions. Future perspectives on diagnostic instrumentation will also be explored.

  1. A state of the art on coastal environmental protection using radioisotope tracer technology

    CERN Document Server

    Jung, S H; Jin, J H; Kim, J B

    2002-01-01

    Construction of artificial structures has caused a sediment process change due to the variation of hydraulic condition in Korea. Subsequently we have a serious problem of shoaling for shoreline deformation, siltation of the harbor and shipping channel. To protect those abnormal environmental changes, a large estimate has been spent for additional construction such as outer wall facilities, littoral nourishment and dredging. Systematic long-term studies should be carried out to understand the causes of environmental change. In addition, comprehensive plan is required for its monitoring and prevention. The radioisotope application studies for coastal environmental protection have not been actively performed only in the developed countries like France, Canada, and Australia etc., but also in many developing countries like Poland, India. Since KAERI has performed two experiments in costal area of Korea in 1960s, no more study has been reported. Recently the studies of radiotracer application technology is getting...

  2. Sate-of-the-art IP switching router architecture using SFQ technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyaho, N.; Miyahara, K.; Yamazaki, A.

    2006-10-01

    Taking the recent trend of rapid IP traffic increasing and QoS in the Internet into account, we propose an innovative IP router architecture from the viewpoint of minimum switching delay, switching capacity, QoS assurance for the next generation Internet services. We examined the IP router performance using superconductivity device simulator (WinS) assuming the future-generation Nb junction process and confirmed more than 300 GHz clock operation. For the evaluation of a novel IP switch architecture, we effectively apply the SFQ circuits using Josephson junctions to an extremely restricted function block in the switching node and a conventional semiconductor technology is also applied for the rest parts of the other function blocks inside it.

  3. The state-of-the-art laser bio-cladding technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jichang; Fuh, J. Y. H.; Lü, L.

    2010-11-01

    The current state and future trend of laser bio-cladding technology are discussed. Laser bio-cladding is used in implants including fabrication of metal scaffolds and bio-coating on the scaffolds. Scaffolds have been fabricated from stainless steel, Co-based alloy or Ti alloy using laser cladding, and new laser-deposited Ti alloys have been developed. Calcium phosphate bioceramic coatings have been deposited on scaffolds with laser to improve the wear resistence and corrosion resistence of implants and to induce bone regeneration. The types of biomaterial devices currently available in the market include replacement heart valve prosthesis, dental implants, hip/knee implants, catheters, pacemakers, oxygenators and vascular grafts. Laser bio-cladding process is attracting more and more attentions of people.

  4. [High-intensity focused ultrasound and prostate cancer: technology, state of the art and future].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vespasiani, G; Asimakopoulos, A D; Finazzi Agrò, E; Virgili, G

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND. The potential applications of the high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as a minimally invasive therapy of the localized prostate cancer explain the growing interest of the urologic community towards this technique. HIFU has been assessed for its role in the treatment of localized prostate cancer in patients who otherwise would not have benefited from surgery, and in local recurrences after radiation failure. Methods. Relevant information on HIFU treatment was identified through a literature search of published studies. RESULTS. High biochemical efficacy, excellent tumor local control and favorable mid- and long-term oncological data with a low morbidity rate have been shown in many series of patients. CONCLUSIONS. Although HIFU is a recent and emerging technology, it has been well studied and developed to a point that HIFU will undoubtedly be an effective alternative to radiation therapy.

  5. Development of a pixel sensor with fine space-time resolution based on SOI technology for the ILC vertex detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ono, Shun; Togawa, Manabu; Tsuji, Ryoji; Mori, Teppei; Yamada, Miho; Arai, Yasuo; Tsuboyama, Toru; Hanagaki, Kazunori

    2017-02-01

    We have been developing a new monolithic pixel sensor with silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology for the International Linear Collider (ILC) vertex detector system. The SOI monolithic pixel detector is realized using standard CMOS circuits fabricated on a fully depleted sensor layer. The new SOI sensor SOFIST can store both the position and timing information of charged particles in each 20×20 μm2 pixel. The position resolution is further improved by the position weighted with the charges spread to multiple pixels. The pixel also records the hit timing with an embedded time-stamp circuit. The sensor chip has column-parallel analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) circuits and zero-suppression logic for high-speed data readout. We are designing and evaluating some prototype sensor chips for optimizing and minimizing the pixel circuit.

  6. The art of scent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenslund, Anette

    2017-01-01

    At the Museum of Art and Design in New York the The Art of Scent (1889–2012) exhibition announced its declared aim of bringing to the forefront of the arts what has long been considered the fallen angel of the senses: it would inscribe scent into fine art through a display characterised by its ex...... situ superiority detached from everyday culture in situ. The exhibition would thus give cause to sketch in a phenomenology of the art of scent that opts for greater inclusion of visitors’ experienced noses. Unfolding within the framework of Martin Heidegger’s critique of aesthetics and the advocacy...... of art, this paper argues that scent that is not of high culture may yet, phenomenologically speaking, be considered great art....

  7. 某细粒浸染铜锌矿选矿工艺研究%The Mineral Processing Technology forone Fine-grained Disseminated Copper-zinc Ore

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晋勇; 陆长龙; 肖骏

    2016-01-01

    The mineral processing technology investigation is conducted on one fine-grained disseminated copper-zinc ore in Yunnan. The sulphide minerals have a complex metasomatic embedded relationship in this copper-zinc ore. The mineral processing flow that copper differential flotation, regrinding of copper rough concentrate, activation flotation of zinc from copper tailings is adopted, which improved the single separation degree of fine-grained disseminated and embedded copper pyrites and sphalerite. Meanwhile, by using BP+ ethyl xanthogenate as the collecting agent of copper ore, Na2S+Na2SO3+ZnSO4 as the combined depressants of zinc ore, therefore the effective separation between fine-grained disseminated copper-zinc ore was achieved. Under the conditions that in the raw ore, copper content is 0.82%, zinc content is 2.21%, we can get the indexes that copper concentrate with Cu 20.92%, Zn 2.89%, the recovery rate of Cu is 87.41% in the copper concentrate, the Cu content is 1.24% in zinc concentrate, The Zn recovery rate is 89.15% in the zinc concentrate.%针对云南某细粒浸染铜锌矿开展了选矿工艺研究.该铜锌矿中的硫化矿物具有复杂的交代嵌生关系,本研究采用优先浮铜-铜粗精矿再磨-铜尾矿活化浮选锌的工艺流程,提高了细粒浸染交代嵌生的黄铜矿、闪锌矿的单体解离度.同时,使用BP+乙黄药做铜矿物的组合捕收剂, Na2S+Na2SO3+ZnSO4做锌矿物组合抑制剂,实现了细粒浸染铜锌矿的有效分离.在原矿含铜0.82%、锌2.21%的情况下,获得了铜精矿含Cu 20.92%、Zn 2.89%,铜精矿中Cu回收率87.41%,锌精矿含Cu 1.24%、Zn 43.34%,锌精矿中Zn回收率89.15%的指标.

  8. The Marriage of Rigorous Academics and Technical Instruction with State-of-the-Art Technology: A Success Story of the William T. McFatter Technical High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blasik, Katherine; Williams, Richard G.; Johnson, Jeanette; Boegli, D. Robert

    2004-01-01

    The search for high school reform leads to William T. McFatter Technical High School in Broward County Public Schools, Florida. The purpose of this article is to highlight key information about the school and to demonstrate the success of its rigorous academic and technical instruction with state-of-the-art technology. By sharing this…

  9. Beneath Our Eyes: An Exploration of the Relationship between Technology Enhanced Learning and Socio-Ecological Sustainability in Art and Design Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclater, Madeleine

    2016-01-01

    This article uses published research to explore how Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) can help to sustain learning communities to engage in creative exploration and open investigation. It then draws on this research to ask: how could we use TEL to support pedagogies of socio-ecological sustainability in the Art and Design education community?…

  10. Emerging Radio and Manet Technology Study: Research Support for a Survey of State-of-the-art Commercial and Military Hardware/Software for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Emerging Radio and MANET Technology Study Research Support for a Survey of State-of-the-art Commercial and Military Hardware/Software...control (SA+C2) device that could be used by tactical units. This device would connect individual unit members through a mobile ad-hoc network ( MANET ...

  11. The Role of Arts-Related Information and Communication Technology Use in Problem Solving and Achievement: Findings from the Programme for International Student Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Martin, Andrew J.; Anderson, Michael; Gibson, Robyn; Sudmalis, David

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on the Programme for International Student Assessment 2003 data set comprising over 190,000 15-year-old students in 25 countries, the current study sought to examine the role of arts-related information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' problem-solving skill and science and mathematics achievement. Structural equation…

  12. Frame and edge seal technology: A state of the art survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thyholt, Marit; Andresen, Inger; Hugdal, Berit; Aschehoug, Oeyvind

    1994-04-01

    In windows, the glazing is traditionally mounted in an operable or fixed frame, made of wood, metal (steel or aluminum), or PVC. The glazing component in solar collectors and solar walls is also typically mounted in a frame. The purpose of the frame is to protect the vulnerable edge of the glazing and give structural stability, which is especially important in operable windows. Sealed multipane glazings are almost exclusively fabricated with a metal (aluminum or galvanized steel) spacer bar along the edges. New advanced glazings will require new types of frame and edge seal products. As the insulation properties of the glazing itself reach a performance close to that of well-insulated opaque walls, the thermal bridging caused by the spacer bars and the frames will be unacceptable, even for wooden windows. The new glazings will also integrate other functions, which again will influence the design of the frames. There are already quite a few new technological developments in this field. New materials and products for the edge seal and the frame are being developed, and computer calculations gradually take over the manual analysis and laboratory testing of new products. The objective of this IEA Task 18 Case Study is to investigate the influence of the frame and glazing edge seal on the total U-value of a glazing system, to develop improved test and calculation methods, and to design, construct, and test low thermal loss frames for use in advanced glazing applications.

  13. [State of the art and future trends in technology for computed tomography dose reduction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calzado Cantera, A; Hernández-Girón, I; Salvadó Artells, M; Rodríguez González, R

    2013-12-01

    The introduction of helical and multislice acquisitions in CT scanners together with decreased image reconstruction times has had a tremendous impact on radiological practice. Technological developments in the last 10 to 12 years have enabled very high quality images to be obtained in a very short time. Improved image quality has led to an increase in the number of indications for CT. In parallel to this development, radiation exposure in patients has increased considerably. Concern about the potential health risks posed by CT imaging, reflected in diverse initiatives and actions by official organs and scientific societies, has prompted the search for ways to reduce radiation exposure in patients without compromising diagnostic efficacy. To this end, good practice guidelines have been established, special applications have been developed for scanners, and research has been undertaken to optimize the clinical use of CT. Noteworthy technical developments incorporated in scanners include the different modes of X-ray tube current modulation, automatic selection of voltage settings, selective organ protection, adaptive collimation, and iterative reconstruction. The appropriate use of these tools to reduce radiation doses requires thorough knowledge of how they work. Copyright © 2013 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. Humanitarian Demining: Reality and the Challenge of Technology - The State of the Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maki K. Habib

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In the context of humanitarian demining it is essential to have a reliable and accurate sensor or an integration of heterogeneous/homogeneous sensors with efficient and reliable data fusion and processing techniques. In addition, it is necessary to overcome the constrain on the resources to speed up the demining process in terms of time, cost, and safety enhancement of personnel and operation. A portable handheld mine detection approach to sensor movement is slow and hazardous for individual deminers. Armored vehicles may not thoroughly protect the occupants and may be of only limited usefulness in off-road operations. Robotized solutions with effective sensing capabilities properly sized with suitable modularized mechanized structure and well adapted to local conditions of minefields can greatly improve the safety of personnel as well as work efficiency and flexibility. Such intelligent and flexible machines can speed the clearance and perform verifying processes when used in combination with handheld mine detection tools. Furthermore, the use of many robots working and coordinating their movement will improve the productivity of the overall mine detection process through the use of team cooperation and coordination. This paper evaluates the available mine clearance technologies and disscusses their development efforts and limitations to automate tasks related to demining process.In addition, it introduces technical features and design capabilities of a mobile platform needed to accelerate the demining process and achieve safety with cost effective measures.

  15. The fine art of preparing a vacuum

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The vacuum chambers, or beam pipes, of the LHC experiments are located right at the interface between the detectors and the accelerator, and are therefore crucial to the LHC project as a whole. In this domain, the ALICE and CMS experiments have just passed an important milestone, with the completion of the first of CMS's two end-cap vacuum chambers, together with the completion and bakeout of an 18-metre section of the ALICE vacuum chamber. These complex projects, for which CERN's AT/VAC Group is responsible, involved dozens of people over a number of years.

  16. Urban Fitness, Gendered Practices, and Fine Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    2016-01-01

    's portrayals of masculine exhibitionism and homoeroticism. For Antonio, the appeal of sport can be explained by an envious appropriation of the athletic physique as well as a personal re-imaging along sporty lines. The "horsetails" and "centaurs" which figure in Antonio's work hint at his spirited sexuality...

  17. The Fine Art of Writing a Will

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blicher, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    A thorough examination of Jens Baggesen’s use of Don Quijote in his acclaimed 18th century sentimental travelogue proves the young Danish classicist to be an ardent reader as well as a bold bricoleur. Jens Baggesen has chosen the knight of the sad countenance as his travelling companion...

  18. The Fine Art of Writing a Will

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blicher, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    A thorough examination of Jens Baggesen’s use of Don Quijote in his acclaimed 18th century sentimental travelogue proves the young Danish classicist to be an ardent reader as well as a bold bricoleur. Jens Baggesen has chosen the knight of the sad countenance as his travelling companion, the epis......A thorough examination of Jens Baggesen’s use of Don Quijote in his acclaimed 18th century sentimental travelogue proves the young Danish classicist to be an ardent reader as well as a bold bricoleur. Jens Baggesen has chosen the knight of the sad countenance as his travelling companion...

  19. Introduction to the Cultivation of Students’ Professional Quality and Teaching Reform of Fine Arts%浅谈学生职业素养的培养与美术教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小臻

    2014-01-01

    美术教育是学前教育专业的一门基础学科,它主要从视觉艺术来反映人们的思想、情感以及社会生活,使学生具有对美的感受、表现能力和初步的鉴赏、创造能力,从而培养学生健全的人格和健康的个性,促进学生的全面发展。由于中职学校学生的各方面因素,毕业后到各幼儿园工作后表现出极大的不适应,出现了继续学习主动性不高,缺乏正确的价值观、人生观,工作眼高手低、拈轻怕重,抗挫承受力较差等诸多问题。这些问题归根结底来说,就是从学生到职业人的角色转换较慢,职业素养不高。%The fine arts education is a basic study of preschool education professional, it is mainly from the visual arts, to reflect people’s thought emotion and social life, so that the students have feeling expression ability and initial appreciation of beauty Creative ability, so as to cultivate students sound personality and healthy personality, to promote the all-round development of students due to various aspects factor of secondary vocational school students, after graduation to work in the kindergarten after showed great does not adapt, appeared to continue learning initiative is not high, the lack of a correct value outlook on life and work. Nowadays prefer,fight down tolerances were some problems. These problems in the final analysis,is the role transformation from student to professional people slowly,professional quality is not high.

  20. 26 CAN WE DISPENSE WITH THE ARTS? Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ike Odimegwu

    history, development, role and relevance of the written arts, fine arts, theater and ... Development of Arts in History ..... individual to transcend mere temporality, or do not fulfill a ..... Steve Mithen, The Prehistory of the Mind: The Cognitive.

  1. Art Exchanges,A Force for Good?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The profitable combination of fine art and finance raises many questions The art market is hot in China. As sales and prices break records,a new force has appeared in the market—organized art finance in the form of art trust funds and artwork exchanges.

  2. Recent trends in space mapping technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandler, John W.; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Hailu, Daniel;

    2004-01-01

    We review recent trends in the art of Space Mapping (SM) technology for modeling and design of engineering devices and systems. The SM approach aims at achieving a satisfactory solution with a handful of computationally expensive so-called "fine" model evaluations. SM procedures iteratively update...

  3. Recent trends in space mapping technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandler, John W.; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Hailu, Daniel

    2004-01-01

    We review recent trends in the art of Space Mapping (SM) technology for modeling and design of engineering devices and systems. The SM approach aims at achieving a satisfactory solution with a handful of computationally expensive so-called "fine" model evaluations. SM procedures iteratively update...

  4. Biomass gasification with CHP production: A review of state of the art technology and near future perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jankes Goran G.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a review of the state of the art of biomass gasification and the future of using biomass in Serbia and it presents researches within the project “The Development of a CHP Plant with Biomass Gasification”. The concept of downdraft demonstration unit coupled with gas engine is adopted. Downdraft fixed-bed gasification is generally favored for CHP, owing to the simple and reliable gasifiers and low content of tar and dust in produced gas. The composition and quantity of gas and the amount of air are defined by modeling biomass residues gasification process. The gas (290-400m3/h for 0.5- 0.7MW biomass input obtained by gasification at 800oC with air at atmospheric pressure contains 14% H2, 27% CO, 9% CO2, 2% CH4, and 48% N2, and its net heating value is 4.8-6 MJ/Nm3. The expected gasifier efficiency is up to 80%. The review of the work on biomass gasification has shown that the development of technology has reached the mature stage. There are CHP plants with biomass gasification operating as demonstration plants and several gasification demonstration units are successfully oriented to biofuel production. No attempt has been made here to address the economic feasibility of the system. Economics will be the part of a later work as firmer data are acquired.

  5. Drive-train dynamics technology - State-of-the-art and design of a test facility for advanced development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badgley, R. H.; Fleming, D. P.; Smalley, A. J.

    1975-01-01

    A program for the development and verification of drive-train dynamic technology is described along with its basis and the results expected from it. A central feature of this program is a drive-train test facility designed for the testing and development of advanced drive-train components, including shaft systems, dampers, and couplings. Previous efforts in designing flexible dynamic drive-train systems are reviewed, and the present state of the art is briefly summarized. The design of the test facility is discussed with major attention given to the formulation of the test-rig concept, dynamic scaling of model shafts, and the specification of design parameters. Specific efforts envisioned for the test facility are briefly noted, including evaluations of supercritical test shafts, stability thresholds for various sources and types of instabilities that can exist in shaft systems, effects of structural flexibility on the dynamic performance of dampers, and methods for vibration control in two-level and three-level flexible shaft systems.

  6. Eclectic Objects in Postmodern Art

    OpenAIRE

    Şahin, Hikmet

    2013-01-01

    Since the 1960s, when the concept of postmodernism began to be used, this term has manifested itself in various branches of fine arts, i.e. art, sculpture, graphic design, architecture and philosophy and found its expression in art and its objects. It is well-known fact that from past to present views related to art have followed one another and that current approach has rejected the previous one. Postmodern art has assumed different identities than modern art, which it followed, and brought ...

  7. Study on the column floatation technology of fine flake graphite%某细鳞片石墨柱浮选新工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海营; 韩登峰

    2016-01-01

    黑龙江某细鳞片石墨矿采用浮选工艺进行选别,采用改进后的KYZB型浮选柱,对生产现场中不同浮选作业的矿浆,进行了充气量、给矿速度等不同浮选条件下的鳞片石墨柱浮选新工艺研究.研究结果表明,相比于浮选机,KYZB型浮选柱精矿回收率偏低,但是可以获得固定碳含量更高的浮选精矿.通过浮选柱产品的粒度筛析,查找了回收率偏低的原因和鳞片石墨柱浮选的重要影响因素.%Flotation technology was be used to process a fine flake graphite ore in Heilongjiang. Research is made on the different flotation pulp by improved KYZB flotation column with some factors such as aeration rate and feeding capacity etc.Test results show that the improved KYZB flotation column has superiority in concentrate grade compare to the flotation machine,with the lower recovery.The main factors that affect the recovery and column flotation are found by sieve analysis of the concentrate and tailings.

  8. A preliminary result of three-dimensional microarray technology to gene analysis with endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration specimens and pancreatic juices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishigami Masatoshi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Analysis of gene expression and gene mutation may add information to be different from ordinary pathological tissue diagnosis. Since samples obtained endoscopically are very small, it is desired that more sensitive technology is developed for gene analysis. We investigated whether gene expression and gene mutation analysis by newly developed ultra-sensitive three-dimensional (3D microarray is possible using small amount samples from endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA specimens and pancreatic juices. Methods Small amount samples from 17 EUS-FNA specimens and 16 pancreatic juices were obtained. After nucleic acid extraction, the samples were amplified with labeling and analyzed by the 3D microarray. Results The analyzable rate with the microarray was 46% (6/13 in EUS-FNA specimens of RNAlater® storage, and RNA degradations were observed in all the samples of frozen storage. In pancreatic juices, the analyzable rate was 67% (4/6 in frozen storage samples and 20% (2/10 in RNAlater® storage. EUS-FNA specimens were classified into cancer and non-cancer by gene expression analysis and K-ras codon 12 mutations were also detected using the 3D microarray. Conclusions Gene analysis from small amount samples obtained endoscopically was possible by newly developed 3D microarray technology. High quality RNA from EUS-FNA samples were obtained and remained in good condition only using RNA stabilizer. In contrast, high quality RNA from pancreatic juice samples were obtained only in frozen storage without RNA stabilizer.

  9. 信息技术在医院精细化管理中的应用%Application of Information Technology in Fine Management in Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    疏斌; 赵文

    2015-01-01

    Information technology has become an important assistant to realize hospital fine management. With the establishment of hospital information systems like MIS and CIS, the operations management and clinical diagnosis in hospital are becoming standardized and digitalized. Due to integration between different information systems, data could be shared among all departments in hospital. Based on this, hospital's business statistics provide data support for decision-making by leadership. The application of information technology such as information system, two-dimension code and RFID, not only improves the work efficiency and medical-care quality of medical staffs, but also effectively reduces the medical accidents and refines hospital management.%信息技术是实现医院精细化管理的重要辅助手段。MIS、CIS等医院信息系统的建立,将医院的运营管理与临床诊疗规范化、数字化;信息系统之间相互集成实现了各科室间的数据共享;各类业务统计报表为医院的领导进行决策分析提供了数据支持。信息系统、二维码、无线射频等信息技术的运用,不仅提高了医护人员的工作效率和医疗服务质量,且有效地降低了医疗事故的发生,把医院管理推向精细化程度。

  10. The photographic subversion: Benjamin, Manet and Art(istic) reproduction

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Besides referring to museum masterpieces in his 1863 paintings Le déjeuner sur l’herbe and Olympia, Édouard Manet used photography, of both academic and pornographic models, new genres of commercial photography that emerged during the early 1850s. I argue that Manet deliberately conflated fine art reproductions and mass media products, a practice that invites discussion in the light of Walter Benjamin’s “The Work of Art in the Age of Its Technological Reproducibility”. Since both engaged in a...

  11. 随风潜入夜,润物细无声--谈中职美术课堂教育中情感态度与价值观的渗透%On the Infiltration of Emotional Values into Secondary Vocational Fine Arts Classroom Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶慧妍

    2016-01-01

    中职教育新课程标准的教学目标设定了对人的整体素质进行发展和培养的三维目标,即知识与技能、过程与方法、情感态度与价值观,其中“情感态度与价值观”作为培养的最高目标,是教学中知识与技能、过程与方法的进一步升华。美术作为一门表达情感的艺术形式,具有很强的吸引力和感染力,美术教育在陶冶情操,升华精神境界,提高人的修养发挥着其特殊的作用,正因为美术教育这种特有的道德教育功能,使美术课不单只是传授知识与方法,更应该注重情感态度与价值观的渗透,情感态度与价值观的教育在美术课上变得尤为重要。%The teaching objectives of the new curriculum standard of secondary vocational education stipulate a three-dimensional goal based on the development and cultivation of people's com-prehensive quality, that is, knowledge and skills, process and methods, emotional attitudes and values. Emotional attitudes and values, as the highest goal, is the further sublimation of the former two aspects. Fine arts, as an artistic form expressing emotions, is highly attractive, and fine arts education plays a special role in cultivating people's tastes, improving people's spiritual realms and improving people's accomplishments. As fine arts has a spe-cial function of moral education, fine arts course should not only impart knowledge and methods, but also pay attention to the in-filtration of emotional attitudes and values, so the education of e-motional attitudes and values is particularly important in fine arts course.

  12. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... In Vitro Fertilization During in vitro fertilization (IVF), eggs and sperm are taken from the couple and are incubated ... to carry a pregnancy to term. If needed, egg or sperm donation can be used in this situation. [top] ...

  13. 民间艺术资源的云存储技术研究%Research on cloud storage technology of folk art resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小波; 田中娟; 叶振

    2016-01-01

    The construction and research of Chinese folk art resources platform is an important and urgent task in the culture and art field, and there are many challenges. In the big data era, the use of cloud computing and cloud storage technology is an inevitable trend. This paper introduces the Hadoop cloud computing and cloud storage technology, puts forward the development scheme of folk art resources cloud storage platform based on Hadoop. The construction of folk art resources cloud storage platform based on Hadoop is feasible and effective.%我国民间艺术资源平台的建设和研究是当前文化艺术领域面临的一项重要而紧迫的课题,存在着诸多挑战。在大数据时代背景下,采用云计算和云存储技术是一个必然的趋势。文中介绍了Hadoop云计算与云存储技术,提出了基于Hadoop的民间艺术资源云存储平台建设方案。构建基于Hadoop的民间艺术资源云存储平台具有可行性和有效性。

  14. The Application of Digital Technology in Martial Arts Dissemination%数字化技术在武术传播中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏彦秀; 张光富; 朱盼娣

    2014-01-01

    This article explains what is a digital and digital martial arts , make the first impression to the masses, and then taking the digital martial arts film and television works as an example , further elabo-rates the digital transmission form of the martial arts , so as to explore the advantages of digital martial arts dissemination, to laid a theoretical basis for better application of digital technology in the spreading of martial arts in the future.%讲解了何为数字化和数字化武术,进而以影视中的数字化武术作品为例进一步阐述了数字化武术传播的形态,从而探索出数字化武术传播的优势,为今后数字化技术能在武术传播中发挥更大的作用奠定理论基础。

  15. Augmented reality telementoring (ART) platform: a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a new surgical education technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vera, Angelina M; Russo, Michael; Mohsin, Adnan; Tsuda, Shawn

    2014-12-01

    Laparoscopic skills training has evolved over recent years. However, conveying a mentor's directions using conventional methods, without realistic on-screen visual cues, can be difficult and confusing. To facilitate laparoscopic skill transference, an augmented reality telementoring (ART) platform was designed to overlay the instruments of a mentor onto the trainee's laparoscopic monitor. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of this new teaching modality to traditional methods in novices performing an intracorporeal suturing task. Nineteen pre-medical and medical students were randomized into traditional mentoring (n = 9) and ART (n = 10) groups for a laparoscopic suturing and knot-tying task. Subjects received either traditional mentoring or ART for 1 h on the validated fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery intracorporeal suturing task. Tasks for suturing were recorded and scored for time and errors. Results were analyzed using means, standard deviation, power regression analysis, correlation coefficient, analysis of variance, and student's t test. Using Wright's cumulative average model (Y = aX (b)) the learning curve slope was significantly steeper, demonstrating faster skill acquisition, for the ART group (b = -0.567, r (2) = 0.92) than the control group (b = -0.453, r (2) = 0.74). At the end of 10 repetitions or 1 h of practice, the ART group was faster versus traditional (mean 167.4 vs. 242.4 s, p = 0.014). The ART group also had fewer fails (8) than the traditional group (13). The ART Platform may be a more effective training technique in teaching laparoscopic skills to novices compared to traditional methods. ART conferred a shorter learning curve, which was more pronounced in the first 4 trials. ART reduced the number of failed attempts and resulted in faster suture times by the end of the training session. ART may be a more effective training tool in laparoscopic surgical training for complex tasks than traditional methods.

  16. The Step by Step Teaching Mode of“Discovery,Experience,and Exploration”Applied in the Fine Arts Appreciation Teaching%“发现-体验-探索”渐进式教学模式在美术作品欣赏教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘盛颖

    2014-01-01

    小学美术欣赏教学中如何唤起学生的切身的感知和体验,是当前欣赏教学亟需解决的关键问题。笔者以《富春山居图》欣赏教学为例,以生本课堂理论为依托,运用体验式学习方法展开教学,在美术作品欣赏教学中开展“发现-体验-探索”渐进式的以学生为主体的欣赏活动,将传统教学中单向的美术观赏课程转化为双向的、多元的探究式互动欣赏教学,促进了学生艺术知觉的逐步形成。%How we can arouse pupils’personal perception and experience in the fine arts appreciation teaching is a key problem to be solved at present.Taking the painting Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains appreciation teaching as an example,the author applies the experiencing learning approach in the teach-ing based on the students centered classroom teaching theory.He guides pupils to be involved in pupils centered appreciation activities of step by step “discovery,experience and exploration”in the fine arts appreciation teaching,which turns the one way fine arts appreciation class into two way,multi way interactional appreciation teaching modes,thus promoting the gradual formation of pupils’art con-sciousness .

  17. Using state-of-the-art technology to evaluate saltwater intrusion in the Biscayne aquifer of Miami-Dade County, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prinos, Scott T.

    2014-01-01

    The fresh groundwater supplies of many communities have been adversely affected or limited by saltwater intrusion. An insufficient understanding of the origin of intruded saltwater may lead to inefficient or ineffective water-resource management. A 2008–2012 cooperative U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Miami-Dade County study of saltwater intrusion describes state-of-the art technology used to evaluate the origin and distribution of this saltwater.

  18. 细粒矿物浮选技术和高效浮选柱研究进展%Study Status of Flotation Technology and High Effective Flotation Columns for Fine Mineral

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵培培; 曹亦俊

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing the property of fine mineral flotation, some flotation technologies for fine mineral which are used widely in recent years are briefly described, such as, carrier flotation, agglomerate flotation, biological flotation , comprehensive force-field flotation etc; and three kinds of high effective flotation columns for fine mineral, Jameson flotation column, packed flotation column, and cyclonic-static microbubble flotation column, are introduced. Finally, the future study direction of flotation technology for fine mineral is prospected.%在分析细粒矿物浮选特性的基础上,综述了载体浮选、絮凝浮选、生物浮选、综合力场浮选等近年来应用广泛的新型细粒矿物浮选技术,并介绍了Jameson浮选柱、充填式浮选柱、旋流-静态微泡浮选柱这3种高效细粒矿物浮选柱,最后对细粒矿物浮选技术今后的研究方向进行了展望.

  19. Arte precolombino, arte moderno y arte latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa Hinestrosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    ¿Cuál es la vigencia del arte precolombino? ¿Qué ha aportado ala corriente del arte universal? ¿Qué se deben mutuamente arte modernoy arte precolombino? Estos planteamientos nos sirven para establecerla vigencia del arte precolombino en Latinoamérica, buscandoantecedentes desde los tiempos de la Conquista hasta nuestros días.

  20. Arte precolombino, arte moderno y arte latinoamericano

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa Hinestrosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    ¿Cuál es la vigencia del arte precolombino? ¿Qué ha aportado ala corriente del arte universal? ¿Qué se deben mutuamente arte modernoy arte precolombino? Estos planteamientos nos sirven para establecerla vigencia del arte precolombino en Latinoamérica, buscandoantecedentes desde los tiempos de la Conquista hasta nuestros días.

  1. THE SYNTHESIS OF ARTS AS A MODERN SIGN AND THE APPLICATION OF THE ADVANCED MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES IN THE THEATRICAL “VISUAL ERA”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. T. VELLINGTON

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the questions of use of new media technologies in scenography art and the organization of the process of a performance creation are considered. And also technologies of "the virtual worlds" to which use directors innovators resort reveal and involved possibilities of the person, his mentality, imagination, motility and a sensorics, more and more indicative success in art development thereby is achieved. The analysis of the progress relevance involving synthesis of traditional forms of arts and multimedia, the process of integration and advantages of application of new technologies in practice of the modern theatrical production process are being considered. Research has shown that the scenography demands being more complicated and a synthetic nature of theatrical artists needs to be multi functional activity now, turning this process into the integral creative technological poetry. The essence is to sate the theatrical process with all the opportunities which modern means of virtual technologies can show and also to enrich it with the information support, including introduction of technologies in a technical stage of actions creation and rehearsals. What a scenography has to be shown to the modern intellectual public is always a big and very relative question. It is important to understand that now we have an opportunity to create a new theatrical philosophy, having the field of informatics in the heart of achievements in this process. And there is a prospective in which the purpose is to develop and up lift a creative scientific and organizational base to the absolutely new level. It is every time necessary to open the art self-sufficiency, which means that for implementation of its role in the culture, it needs to be the art, but not any else.

  2. The good field trip: How elementary students from diverse socio-economic backgrounds learn science, art, and technology at a museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martell, Sandra Toro

    The Good Field Trip is a study that uses an ethnographic approach to answer the question of what learning looks like during a field trip to a museum. The study uses the Contextual Model of Learning (Falk & Dierking, 2000) to investigate elementary students' personal, physical, and sociocultural contexts of learning as well as how time affects students' thoughts and feelings about the experience. The author accompanied a group of eight students on a three and a half day camp-like experience to a museum that promotes environmental stewardship and the integration of art, science, and technology use and learning. The author videotaped the students' conversations and experiences and interviewed students before, during, and after the trip. Analyses of the videotapes were supplemented with student documents, including comic books, journal notes, and reflective essays about the trip. Findings include that not all experiences are marked as science, art, and technology; technology use does not occur; art is presented in a more formalized manner than science, which is composed of observation and the acquisition of knowledge about plants and animals; and conversations and activities resemble traditional modes of learning in school settings.

  3. Using a Delphi consensus process to develop an acupuncture treatment protocol by consensus for women undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Caroline A

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Assisted reproductive technologies (ART are increasingly utilised for resolving difficulties conceiving. These technologies are expensive to both the public purse and the individual consumers. Acupuncture is widely used as an adjunct to ART with indications that it may assist reducing the time to conception and increasing live birth rates. Heterogeneity is high between treatment protocols. The aim of this study was to examine what fertility acupuncturists consider key components of best practice acupuncture during an ART cycle, and to establish an acupuncture protocol by consensus. Methods Fifteen international acupuncturists with extensive experience treating women during ART interventions participated in 3 rounds of Delphi questionnaires. The first round focused on identifying the parameters of acupuncture treatment as adjunct to ART, the second round evaluated statements derived from the earlier round, and the third evaluated specific parameters for a proposed trial protocol. Consensus was defined as greater than 80% agreement. Results Significant agreement was achieved on the parameters of best practice acupuncture, including an acupuncture protocol suitable for future research. Study participants confirmed the importance of needling aspects relating to the dose of acupuncture, the therapeutic relationship, tailoring treatment to the individual, and the role of co-interventions. From two rounds of the Delphi a consensus was achieved on seven treatment parameters for the design of the acupuncture treatment to be used in a clinical trial of acupuncture as an adjunct to ART. The treatment protocol includes the use of the traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture, use of manual acupuncture, a first treatment administered between day 6–8 of the stimulated ART cycle which is individualised to the participant, two treatments will be administered on the day of embryo transfer, and will include points SP8, SP10, LR3, ST29, CV4

  4. e-Therapy to reduce emotional distress in women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART): a feasibility randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dongen, Angelique J C M; Nelen, Willianne L D M; IntHout, Joanna; Kremer, Jan A M; Verhaak, Christianne M

    2016-05-01

    Is it feasible to evaluate a personalized e-therapy program (Internet based) for women during fertility treatment aimed to reduce the chance of having clinically relevant symptoms of anxiety and/or depression after unsuccessful assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment within a randomized controlled trial (RCT)? The evaluation of a personalized e-therapy program is feasible, reflected by good acceptability and integration within current guidelines, but adjustments to the e-therapy program and study design of the RCT have to be made to enhance demand, practicality and efficacy. Internet-based interventions are promising in reducing psychological distress, especially when treatment is personalized to specific risk profiles of patients. However in fertility care, the beneficial effects of personalized e-therapy on psychological distress and its implementation in daily clinical care still have to be evaluated. To evaluate the feasibility of a personalized e-therapy program, we conducted a two-arm, parallel group, single-blind feasibility randomized controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation. Feasibility was assessed in terms of demand, acceptability, practicality, implementation, integration and limited efficacy. Women were included between 1 February 2011 and 1 June 2013. Women in the control group received care as usual, whereas women in the intervention group received in addition to their usual care access to a personalized e-therapy program. Women were monitored until 3 months after the start of their first ART cycle. In a university hospital in the Netherlands women who were screened as at risk for emotional adjustment problems and intended to start their first ART cycle were invited, and of them 120 were randomized. Of these women, 48% in the intervention group were compliant to the intervention. Outcome measures associated with the feasibility to analyse this e-therapy program within an RCT were assessed. It is feasible to evaluate a personalized e

  5. As Relações entre Arte e Tecnologia: A Dança Híbrida do Cena 11 The Relations Between Art and Technology: The Hybrid Dance of Cena 11 Las Relaciones entre Arte y Tecnología: La Danza Híbrida del Cena 11

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho busca compreender as relações estabelecidas entre tecnologia e arte a partir da proposta de dança híbrida da Companhia de Dança Cena 11, de Florianópolis. Para tanto, analisamos espetáculos e a preparação física dos dançarinos a partir da observação de um conjunto de treinos e entrevistas realizadas com os integrantes do grupo, aproveitando parte de uma pesquisa de dissertação de Mestrado em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Neste artigo, destacamos dois eixos para a análise desta relação. O primeiro aborda a compreensão do grupo sobre as tecnologias como extensão do corpo; o segundo versa sobre as funções assumidas pelas tecnologias na arte do grupo e as implicações para aqueles sujeitos envolvidos, mediante a concepção de arte presente no grupo. PALAVRAS-CHAVES: arte – dança híbrida – tecnologia. This research work tries to understand the relations established between technology and art based on Brazilian dance company Cena 11’s proposition of hybrid dance. We have analyzed the company’s shows and the dancers’ physical preparation based on observation of a set of practice sessions and interviews made with members of the dance company. We have also used part of a dissertation research work from a Master’s program in Physical Education from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. In this paper we highlight two axes for the analysis of this relation. The first one approaches the understanding that the dancers have of technologies as extensions of the body; the second one discusses the roles that technology has taken in the company’s art work and the implications it has had on everyone involved, according to the concept of art that is currently present in the group. KEYWORDS: art – hybrid dance – technology. El presente trabajo busca comprender las relaciones establecidas entre tecnología y arte a partir de la propuesta de danza híbrida de la Compa

  6. Why Portfolio Assessment is Introduced to Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘若芸

    2004-01-01

    The concept of portfolio assessment derived from the field of fine arts. It has been proven an effective learning and assessment tool. In Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, the traditional assessment is still used. After analysing the benefits and disadvantages, the author is eager to introduce it to Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology. The problems are also predicted.

  7. Bringing Engineering Research Coupled With Art Into The K-12 Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cola, J.

    2016-12-01

    The Partnerships for Research, Innovation and Multi-Scale Engineering Program, a Research Experiences for K-12 Teachers at Georgia Institute of Technology demonstrates a successful program that blends the fine arts with engineering research. Teachers selected for the program improve their science and engineering content knowledge, as well as their understanding of how to use STEAM to increase student comprehension and engagement. Participants in the program designed Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics (STEAM)- based lessons based on faculty engineering research. Examples of some STEAM lessons created will be discussed along with lessons learned.

  8. Reflections on Teaching and Learning the Arts: A Middle-Grade Classroom and a High School for the Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barilla, Rosemary; Brown, Tina Boyer

    2015-01-01

    Rosemary Barilla, a middle-grade language arts teacher, inspired by her own dedication to the arts, describes the ways she integrates the fine arts into her classroom program that is designed to teach reading and writing. Tina Boyer Brown, a founding teacher at The Chicago High School for the Arts (ChiArts®), describes the school as a place where…

  9. Reflections on Teaching and Learning the Arts: A Middle-Grade Classroom and a High School for the Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barilla, Rosemary; Brown, Tina Boyer

    2015-01-01

    Rosemary Barilla, a middle-grade language arts teacher, inspired by her own dedication to the arts, describes the ways she integrates the fine arts into her classroom program that is designed to teach reading and writing. Tina Boyer Brown, a founding teacher at The Chicago High School for the Arts (ChiArts®), describes the school as a place where…

  10. The Rough Journey into Arts Entrepreneurship: Why Arts Entrepreneurship Education Is Still in Its Infancy in the UK and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thom, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the current state of arts entrepreneurship education at higher educational institutions (HEIs) by reviewing the relevant literature and surveying lecturers in Fine Art. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis of fine art students' educational situation at HEIs in the UK and Germany is conducted…

  11. Birth defects and congenital health risks in children conceived through assisted reproduction technology (ART): a meeting report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    Assisted Reproduction Treatment (ART) is here to stay. This review addresses the parental background of birth defects, before, during and after conception and focuses both on the underlying subfertility and on the question whether ART as a treatment is an additional contributing factor. Searches were performed in Medline and other databases. Summaries were discussed in a Delphi panel set-up by the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). Several birth defects and adult diseases arise during the earliest stages of ovarian development and oocyte differentiation: this is the case of cleft palate disorders in offspring from female rat exposed to Dioxin during fetal life or the polycystic ovary diseases in female offspring (primates) exposed to elevated androgen concentration during fetal life. Human oocytes and embryos often fail to stop the propagation of aneuploid cells but maintain their ability to repair DNA damages including those introduced by the fertilizing sperm. There is a 29 % increased risk of birth defects in the newborns spontaneously conceived by subfertile couples and the risk is further increased (34 %) when conception is achieved by treating infertlity with ART (Danish IVF Registry). Periconceptional conditions are critical for ART babies: their birth weight is in general smaller (Norvegian Registry) but a more prolonged culture time doubled the number of large babies (Finnish Registry). The long-term developmental effects of ART on child and subsequent health as an adult remains a subject worthy of futher monitoring and investigation.

  12. علاقة التذوق الفني بدراسة الفن لدى طلبة كلية الفنون الجميلة - جامعة بابل Artistic taste relationship with studying the of art to the students of the Faculty of Fine Arts - University of Babylon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Mohsen عادل عبدالمنعم عبدالمحسن

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The process of artistic taste of the constants aesthetic, which has preoccupied philosophers and scientists beauty for centuries, have tried a lot of them to build a specific system to perceive the process of artistic taste and aesthetic and artistic works and understanding, but most of those systems characterized by subjectivity and this was the verdicts individually associated variables that surround the individual itself and what was ăÇíĺă Search is to see the reality of the relationship between the study of art on the one hand and the development of artistic taste among the students of the Faculty of Fine Arts at the University of Babylon on the other hand has gone researcher to measure that relationship by measuring the degree of the culture of the student art academy, which is supposed to carry out for the duration of his college And here is the problem of the current search, which summed up the following question: To what extent provide skill artistic taste among the students of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Babylon, and do not doubt that you know that will allow those in charge of the educational process and art, especially in the College of Fine Arts opportunity to see the reality of technical students, and here lies the importance of research and the need for it. He adopted researcher hypotheses Elsafreeten argument that he is not related to the study of the art development of artistic taste among the students of the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Babylon, when the level of significance (0.05 and is not related to the interaction of variable sex and study students' art tastings art at the level of significance of 0.05 was The research aims to validate these Alfrdtin, through the known relationship between the variables of the study of art and the development of artistic taste among the students of the Faculty of Fine Arts / Babylon University, Department of Fine Arts / Painting Department may determine research

  13. State of the Art of Language Learning Design Using Mobile Technology: Sample Apps and Some Critical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bárcena, Elena; Read, Timothy; Underwood, Joshua; Obari, Hiroyuki; Cojocnean, Diana; Koyama, Toshiko; Pareja-Lora, Antonio; Calle, Cristina; Pomposo, Lourdes; Talaván, Noa; Ávila-Cabrera, José; Ibañez, Ana; Vermeulen, Anna; Jordano, María; Arús-Hita, Jorge; Rodríguez, Pilar; Castrillo, María Dolores; Kétyi, Andras; Selwood, Jaime; Gaved, Mark; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, experiences from different research groups illustrate the state-of-the-art of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, MALL) in formal and non-formal education. These research samples represent recent and on-going progress made in the field of MALL at an international level and offer encouragement for practitioners who are…

  14. Impact of the application of digital technology on the film and TV Art%数字技术应用对影视艺术的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠恭健

    2012-01-01

    As a technology-based art, the development of film and TV maintains a close association with the advancement of science and technology. With the application of digital technology into film and TV production, many changes have occurred in the techniques, representation and aesthetics. Meanwhile, much confusion remains about the essence, creation tendency and the direction of its development. In the digital era, more concerns and thinking should be given to the image representation, humane care and theory research of the film and TV art development.%作为一门技术化的艺术,影视艺术的发展与科学技术的进步保持着密切关联。随着数字技术融入影视生产,影视艺术在生产工艺、表现空间、审美取向等多方面发生了改变,同时也面临本体认知、创作倾向、发展方向等诸多困惑。在数字技术的时代背景下,我们应在影像表达、人文关怀和理论研究等多方面予以影视艺术发展更多关注和思考。

  15. Hvorfor Art Deco nu?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gether, Vibeke Petersen

    2015-01-01

    Udstillingen er udover Victoria & Albert Museum også inspireret af Designmuseum Danmarks udstilling i 1997-98 med titlen Dansk Design 1910-45. Art Déco & Funktionalisme. Selvom udstillingen viste fine eksempler på art deco i dansk design og arkitektur, er det dog først og fremmest funktionalismen......, der har trukket de store overskrifter op igennem det 20. århundrede herhjemme. Gl. Holtegaard efterprøver nu art deco-begrebet på dansk billedkunst i en udstillingskontekst. Fokus er først og fremmest på maleri og skulptur. Der inddrages i mindre målestok andre visuelle medier som arkitekturtegninger......, film, illustrationer, plakater og kunsthåndværk. Med udstillingen vil vi gerne synliggøre de forskellige æstetiske udtryk, som vi mener meget bedre dækkes af betegnelsen art deco i dansk kunst i perioden 1910–1940....

  16. Art Imitating Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Brook

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Using as a contextual reference my experience of seeing the original and copy of Michelangelo's David in Florence, I briefly introduce how the Platonic legacy has affected that discourse. The Western preference in art and aesthetics is typically in favor of the original over the copy, despite whatever indiscernibility may exist between them. Since Arthur Danto has treated this phenomenon in his text The Transfiguration of the Commonplace, his relevant comments are considered and adapted for the purpose of working through how one understands the relationship between the original and copy in terms of a criterion for defining art.

  17. Contemporary art in medicine: the Cleveland Clinic art collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Fine art is good medicine. It comforts, elevates the spirit, and affirms life and hope. Art in the healthcare setting, combined with outstanding care and service, creates an environment that encourages healing and supports the work of medical professionals. As one of the world’s great medical centers, Cleveland Clinic has always included the arts in its healing environment. The four founders and subsequent leadership encouraged artistic and musical expression by employees. Distinguished artworks have long hung on the walls. In 1983, an Aesthetics Committee was officially formed at Cleveland Clinic to address issues of art and design in Cleveland Clinic facilities. PMID:24282686

  18. Contemporary art in medicine: the Cleveland Clinic art collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Jennifer

    2011-12-01

    Fine art is good medicine. It comforts, elevates the spirit, and affirms life and hope. Art in the healthcare setting, combined with outstanding care and service, creates an environment that encourages healing and supports the work of medical professionals. As one of the world's great medical centers, Cleveland Clinic has always included the arts in its healing environment. The four founders and subsequent leadership encouraged artistic and musical expression by employees. Distinguished artworks have long hung on the walls. In 1983, an Aesthetics Committee was officially formed at Cleveland Clinic to address issues of art and design in Cleveland Clinic facilities.

  19. Arts and science under the sign of Leonardo. The case of the National Museum of Science and Technology ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ of Milan (Italian original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Giorgione

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the example of Leonardo da Vinci, who was able to combine arts and science in his work, the National Museum of Science and Technology of Milan has always pursued the blending and the dialogue of humanistic and scientific knowledge. It has employed this approach in all of its activities, from the set design of exhibition departments to the acquisition of collections and, more recently, in the dialogue with the public. Now more than ever, following a renewal path for the Museum, these guidelines are being subject to research to achieve a new and more up-to-date interpretation.

  20. Arts and science under the sign of Leonardo. The case of the National Museum of Science and Technology ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ of Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Giorgione

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the example of Leonardo da Vinci, who was able to combine arts and science in his work, the National Museum of Science and Technology of Milan has always pursued the blending and the dialogue of humanistic and scientific knowledge. It has employed this approach in all of its activities, from the set design of exhibition departments to the acquisition of collections and, more recently, in the dialogue with the public. Now more than ever, following a renewal path for the Museum, these guidelines are being subject to research to achieve a new and more up-to-date interpretation.

  1. Problems and Strategies for Major of Pre-school Education for Adult Students:With Fine Art Education as an Example%成人学前教育专业教学存在的若干问题及解决策略--以美术教学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张菡

    2015-01-01

    The paper aims to provide tips to the teachers of adult majoring in pre-school fine art education. Problems in adult pre-school fine art education:incomplete curriculum design, weak teaching personal,insufficient teaching resources,unsatisfactory teaching contents and methodology and learners’ weak autonomy.%本文旨在为成人学前教育美术专业的教师改进教学提供借鉴。成人学前教育美术专业教学中存在诸多问题:美术课程设置不够完善、美术师资力量不强、教学资源相对不足、教学内容与方法还不令人满意、学生的自学能力较弱等。针对这种现状,本文拟就所存在的问题作以探讨分析,进而提出相应的改进策略。

  2. Terahertz meets sculptural and architectural art: Evaluation and conservation of stone objects with T-ray technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krügener, K; Schwerdtfeger, M; Busch, S F; Soltani, A; Castro-Camus, E; Koch, M; Viöl, W

    2015-10-07

    Conservation of cultural heritage is an area where novel scientific techniques are having enormous impact. Given the value and uniqueness of art pieces, non-invasive diagnostic methods are highly appreciated by conservators. Terahertz radiation has shown enormous potential as non-contact probe that can be used for the three-dimensional reconstruction of internal structure of stone-made objects. In this article we report the evaluation of the internal damage state of two art pieces, a medallion from the Castle of Celle and a window sill from the St. Peter of Trier Cathedral. We also used terahertz radiation to follow and assess the restoration process of the window sill. We found that terahertz spectroscopy is an excellent non-destructive evaluation method for stone artwork that shows enormous potential as a tool for conservation.

  3. Terahertz meets sculptural and architectural art: Evaluation and conservation of stone objects with T-ray technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krügener, K.; Schwerdtfeger, M.; Busch, S. F.; Soltani, A.; Castro-Camus, E.; Koch, M.; Viöl, W.

    2015-10-01

    Conservation of cultural heritage is an area where novel scientific techniques are having enormous impact. Given the value and uniqueness of art pieces, non-invasive diagnostic methods are highly appreciated by conservators. Terahertz radiation has shown enormous potential as non-contact probe that can be used for the three-dimensional reconstruction of internal structure of stone-made objects. In this article we report the evaluation of the internal damage state of two art pieces, a medallion from the Castle of Celle and a window sill from the St. Peter of Trier Cathedral. We also used terahertz radiation to follow and assess the restoration process of the window sill. We found that terahertz spectroscopy is an excellent non-destructive evaluation method for stone artwork that shows enormous potential as a tool for conservation.

  4. Speaking in Tongues: The Uncommon Ground of Arts-Based Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, John Howell; Garoian, Charles R.; Garber, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we explore whether or not arts-based research engages different ideas and processes--different nouns and verbs--when the art form is understood as design, craft, or "fine" art. We propose that the fine, craft, and design arts each provide opportunities for conducting research, that their identities are built upon mutual support…

  5. 云南省薄壳山核桃良种基地建设工艺设计探讨%Technological Design of Carya Illinoensis Fine Variety Bases Construction in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张盼盼; 李云

    2012-01-01

    指出了云南省薄壳山核桃良种基地建设是发展薄壳山核桃种植的基础性工作,分析了生态环境建设和林业可持续发展趋势。从品种选择、生产规模、技术路线、工艺流程和技术特点及优势等5个方面提出了薄壳山核桃良种基地建设工艺设计中的采穗圃和采种园的具体工艺设计。%The construction of Carya illinoensis fine variety bases in Yunnan Province is a basic work for developing Carya illinoensis planting. It is beneficial to improve the environment and forestry sustainable development. The key points in the technological design of Carya illinoensis fine variety bases construction including technological designs for cutting orchards and seeds collection plots are scale of production, technical route, technological process, technical features and advantages.

  6. Profiles in Online Learning: A Series on Leadership--Tom Layton: Judo and the Art of Technology Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danielson, Larry

    1998-01-01

    Profiles a high school technology teacher and creator of CyberSchool, a distance learning program of the Eugene (Oregon) School District. Discusses Tom Layton's education, early work experience, establishment of a high school English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program, integration of computers into the classroom, reputation as a technology leader,…

  7. Profiles in Online Learning: A Series on Leadership--Tom Layton: Judo and the Art of Technology Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danielson, Larry

    1998-01-01

    Profiles a high school technology teacher and creator of CyberSchool, a distance learning program of the Eugene (Oregon) School District. Discusses Tom Layton's education, early work experience, establishment of a high school English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program, integration of computers into the classroom, reputation as a technology leader,…

  8. Multimodality imaging and state-of-art GPU technology in discriminating benign from malignant breast lesions on real time decision support system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostopoulos, S.; Sidiropoulos, K.; Glotsos, D.; Dimitropoulos, N.; Kalatzis, I.; Asvestas, P.; Cavouras, D.

    2014-03-01

    The aim of this study was to design a pattern recognition system for assisting the diagnosis of breast lesions, using image information from Ultrasound (US) and Digital Mammography (DM) imaging modalities. State-of-art computer technology was employed based on commercial Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) cards and parallel programming. An experienced radiologist outlined breast lesions on both US and DM images from 59 patients employing a custom designed computer software application. Textural features were extracted from each lesion and were used to design the pattern recognition system. Several classifiers were tested for highest performance in discriminating benign from malignant lesions. Classifiers were also combined into ensemble schemes for further improvement of the system's classification accuracy. Following the pattern recognition system optimization, the final system was designed employing the Probabilistic Neural Network classifier (PNN) on the GPU card (GeForce 580GTX) using CUDA programming framework and C++ programming language. The use of such state-of-art technology renders the system capable of redesigning itself on site once additional verified US and DM data are collected. Mixture of US and DM features optimized performance with over 90% accuracy in correctly classifying the lesions.

  9. Manual Arts to Technology Education: Are We Ripe for Infusing Aspects of a Green Technology into Career and Technical Education Constituent Subjects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asunda, Paul A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a conceptual essay that reviews industrial and economic changes that have shaped vocational education to present day Career and Technical Education (CTE) curriculum, and specifically the role of technology education in meeting societal needs. An argument is presented that CTE is ripe to integrate aspects of green technology and…

  10. Manual Arts to Technology Education: Are We Ripe for Infusing Aspects of a Green Technology into Career and Technical Education Constituent Subjects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asunda, Paul A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a conceptual essay that reviews industrial and economic changes that have shaped vocational education to present day Career and Technical Education (CTE) curriculum, and specifically the role of technology education in meeting societal needs. An argument is presented that CTE is ripe to integrate aspects of green technology and…

  11. Suggestions for Development of High-end Fine Quality Agriculture by Relying on Scientific and Technological Innovation%依靠科技创新促精品高端农业发展的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温淑萍

    2014-01-01

    介绍了精品高端农业概念的发展,分析了发展精品高端农业的必要性及现存共性问题,提出依靠科技创新,促精品高端农业发展的建议。并提出各类农产品的加工标准及其信息化、自动化生产线成套设备设施的研发是精品高端农业科技创新的一个重要方向;提出精品高端农业发展的一个主流模式是合理布局农产品区域加工中心企业,以此关联产业协会及农产品生产主体,形成“初级农产品由生产主体按相关标准生产-加工产品统一质量规格标准经生产线加工包装-商品区域品牌市场化联营联销-产品质量主要由产业协会全程追溯监管”的品牌化生产模式。%A discussion is made on the concept of the high-end fine quality agriculture. The necessity and existing common problems in the development of the high-end fine quality agriculture are elaborated. Some suggestions for promoting the development of the high-end fine quality agriculture by relying on scientific and technological innovation are put forward. It is also put forward that the R&D of various agriculture products process standards and their informationized and automatic process equipment and facilities are the main direction of scientific and technological innovation in the aspect of the high-end fine quality agriculture. A mainstream pattern for development of the high-end fine quality agriculture is to arrange the regional core agricultural products process enterprises in this way that the agriculture industry association and the agricultural products producing bodies are combined together and consist a brand products process pattern: primary agricultural products produced by the farmer or agricultural company according to the standards, made products processed and packaged by processing lines according to the unified quality standards, the commodity labeled local brands sale in market by chain stores, the quality of the products is

  12. 高校美术专业教育中的问题及解决的办法%On the Problems in Fine Arts Education in Colleges and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    支林

    2013-01-01

    高校美术专业教育是培养高艺术素养、高艺术技能人才以及美术理论家、画家甚至是艺术家的一种重要教育途径。随着高校美术专业教育的不断发展、改革以及各大美术院校(高校)的相继扩招,高校美术专业教育在蓬勃发展的同时也随之出现了新的问题。有基于此,拟从提出问题、分析问题产生的原因和解决办法的三个逻辑层面而对高校美术专业教育中的教学模式、盲目崇洋、作品风格趋同三个实际问题进行专门的探讨与研究。%The college art education is an important way to cultivate high artistic accomplishment and artistic skills talents, art theorists and painters. With the continuous development and reform of art education in colleges and the ifne arts college enrollment expansion, new issues began to emerge. This essay will analyze the problems in college art education from three aspects, including educational model, blind worshipping of foreign things and stylistic changes.

  13. Integrating Art Education Models: Contemporary Controversies in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belver, Manuel; Ulln, Ana; Acaso, Mara

    2005-01-01

    In this article, a basic controversy for art education in Spain is analysed, and its antecedents in thought and social and artistic practices are reviewed. The controversy refers to the question whether school art education should be oriented towards the fine arts or towards the manual arts. Consequently, which should be the cultural model of…

  14. Art for All

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aksinja Kermauner

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of spatial planning on the principles of “design for all” is to ensure that every individual, regardless of obstacle, can participate in the information society. It combines the principles of how as many people as possible could use products, services and systems without adjusting them. Why should we not transfer the concept of “design for all” also to other areas, such as the field of art? In this article we consider how a work of art, especially a two-dimensional one, could be adapted for blind or visually impaired visitors of a gallery or to a museum, and list what has already been done in this area. We also describe a textbook for teaching fine arts, adapted for blind and partially sighted students.

  15. Moving the body painting into the art gallery — knowing about and appreciating works of Aboriginal art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Morphy

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on two kinds of relationship: between Western fine art and Indigenous art, and between anthropological and art historical approaches to understanding and appreciating works of art. The primary focus is on the process by which Australian Aboriginal art came to be incorporated within galleries of fine art. This process brought both kinds of relationships to the fore in the contemporary context and challenged established boundaries exemplified by the distinction between the museum and the art gallery. It is argued that objects encompassed within the category of fine art come from very different cultural traditions and historical backgrounds. The methods of both art history and anthropology can be productively applied in analysing the forms and significance of artworks in their social and cultural contexts. The paper concludes by considering some of the implications of the co-presence of artworks from different cultural traditions in the same contemporary gallery spaces.

  16. 美术教学中培养学生欣赏能力的策略研究%Strategical Study of Cultivating Students' Ability of Appreciation in Fine Arts Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪颖

    2016-01-01

    美术欣赏是美术教学中的重要内容,对提高学生对美的认知,培养学生正确的审美能力和审美情操起着重要的作用。然而初中学生由于生活阅历、审美经验、知识修养的不足,能对美术作品积极主动地欣赏是比较困难的。那么,如何在美术欣赏课中做到以学生发展为本,培养学生综合审美素养,这需要教师在教学实践中不断探索和尝试。%Art appreciation is an important content in the teaching of art, which is highly critical to improve the stu-dents' cognition of beauty and cultivate students' correct aesthetic ability and aesthetic sentiment plays an important role. However, due to lack of life experiences, aesthetic experience and knowledge of cultivation, it is difficult for junior high school students to appreciate art works actively. Therefore, further exploration in teaching practice is required for junior high school teachers for the better development of students and for nurturing students' comprehensive aesthetic accomplishment is in urgent demand.

  17. Editorial Board Thoughts: Arts into Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics – STEAM, Creative Abrasion, and the Opportunity in Libraries Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Tod Colegrove

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available By actively seeking out opportunities to bring art into traditionally STEM-focused activity, and vice-versa, we are deliberately increasing the diversity of the environment. Makerspace services and activities, to the extent they are open and visibly accessible to all, are a natural for the spontaneous development of trans-disciplinary collaboration. Within the spaces of the library, opportunities to connect individuals around shared avocational interest might range from music and spontaneous performance areas to spaces salted with LEGO bricks and jigsaw puzzles; the potential connections between our resources and the members of our communities are as diverse as their interests. Indeed, when a practitioner from one discipline can interact and engage with others from across the STEAM spectrum, the world becomes a richer place – and maybe, just maybe, we can fan the flames of curiosity along the way.

  18. The Renaissance Conception Regarding Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Arnăutu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The Renaissance creates a clear-cut distinction between mechanical arts, which will come to be considered applied science by Bacon and Descartes, and fine arts. Dealing with the Renaissance approach to technology, this paper will focus, on the one hand, on those domains that combine theoretical and practical skills in order to create artifacts or to transform materials, and, on the other hand, with authors who debate the status of technological practices and knowledge. Thus, we will look at the developments and arguments regarding mechanics, alchemy, natural magic, mining and metallurgy, and at authors such as Georgius Agricola, Paracelsus, Masilio Ficino, Nicholas of Cusa, Galileo Galilei. The aim is to reconstruct the arguments regarding technology that challenged the established Scholastic-Aristotelian framework and made possible the Modern approaches.

  19. Detecting art forgeries using LA-ICP-MS incorporating the in situ application of laser-based collection technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kari; Horton, Kristin; Watling, R John; Scoullar, Natalie

    2005-08-15

    The nature of art lends itself to forgery as a skilled and determined forger can mimic the techniques and styles of an artist to a level where even an expert can be duped. The authentication of paintings is a subjective process, but modern techniques may provide the means to provenance artist pigments based on elemental composition. This study applies laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to the analysis of artist paints from different manufacturers to identify variation between the elemental association patterns of these materials. The technique facilitates comparison of the paints used by an artist with produced works of art to assist provenancing initiatives of questioned materials. The effects of the trace element profiles of the backing substrate and binder on analytical data were also identified. By applying the technique to paint scraped from real paintings, a limited database was created to allow comparison to be made with some of Australian artist, Kathleen O'Connor's artworks and assist in determining production chronology. Data from this study were able to facilitate comparison of blue paints from two different paintings and confirm their co-provenance consequently determining the relative production date of a separate painting of previously unknown age. Preliminary trials of a prototype collection device designed to reduce damage and allow for in situ sampling of artworks were also undertaken. The device, which allows direct laser-based sampling of a complete painting, was tested using a Francis Ryan painting. The prototype allows for the collection of debris directly generated by LA-ICP-MS of a predefined area of a painting prior to subsequent analysis using direct LA-ICP-MS. This collection method significantly minimizes the amount of damage produced by conventional sampling methods. Analyses of the debris collected, using the prototype, were found to be comparable to the scrapings of equivalent paint analysed using

  20. The State-of-the-Art of Materials Technology Used for Fossil and Nuclear Power Plants in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Yuqing

    Combined with the development of energy in China during the past 30 years, this paper clarified that high steam parameters ultra-supercritical (USC) coal-fired power plants and 1000MW nuclear power plants are the most important method to optimize energy structure and achieve national goals of energy saving and CO2 emission in China. Additionally, requirement of materials technology in high steam parameters USC coal-fired power plants and 1000MW nuclear power plants, current research and major development of relevant materials technology in China were briefly described in this paper.

  1. Single-chamber solid oxide fuel cell technology - From its origins to today's state of the art

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khun, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1J4 (Canada); Napporn, T. W. [Equipe Electrocatalyse, Laboratoire de Catalyse en Chimie Organique, UMR CNRS 6503, Universite de Poitiers, Poitiers (France)

    2010-07-01

    In single-chamber solid oxide fuel cells (SC-SOFCs), both anode and cathode are situated in a common gas chamber and are exposed to a mixture of fuel and oxidant. The working principle is based on the difference in catalytic activity of the electrodes for the respective anodic and cathodic reactions. The resulting difference in oxygen partial pressure between the electrodes leads to the generation of an open circuit voltage. Progress in SC-SOFC technology has enabled the generation of power outputs comparable to those of conventional SOFCs. This paper provides a detailed review of the development of SC-SOFC technology. (author)

  2. Debunking the Computer Science Digital Library: Lessons Learned in Collection Development at Seneca College of Applied Arts & Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buczynski, James Andrew

    2005-01-01

    Developing a library collection to support the curriculum of Canada's largest computer studies school has debunked many myths about collecting computer science and technology information resources. Computer science students are among the heaviest print book and e-book users in the library. Circulation statistics indicate that the demand for print…

  3. State-of-the-Art Model Driven Game Development: A Survey of Technological Solutions for Game-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Stephen; Hanneghan, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Game-based learning harnesses the advantages of computer games technology to create a fun, motivating and interactive virtual learning environment that promotes problem-based experiential learning. Such an approach is advocated by many commentators to provide an enhanced learning experience than those based on traditional didactic methods.…

  4. Developing Computer Programming Concepts and Skills via Technology-Enriched Language-Art Projects: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young-Jin

    2010-01-01

    Teaching computer programming to young children has been considered difficult because of its abstract and complex nature. The objectives of this study are (1) to investigate whether an innovative educational technology tool called Scratch could enable young children to learn abstract knowledge of computer programming while creating multimedia…

  5. State-of-the-Art Model Driven Game Development: A Survey of Technological Solutions for Game-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Stephen; Hanneghan, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Game-based learning harnesses the advantages of computer games technology to create a fun, motivating and interactive virtual learning environment that promotes problem-based experiential learning. Such an approach is advocated by many commentators to provide an enhanced learning experience than those based on traditional didactic methods.…

  6. The Creation of a Subculture: The Decline of the Arts in a Society Dominated by Technology, Science, and Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mains, Ronda M.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of two cultures recognized by Charles Percy Snow may have implications beyond a lack of understanding and respect between two conflicting worlds of intellectuals. This widening chasm in the United States affects the education of our public school students. Technology and economics, intelligence testing, the "No Child Left Behind…

  7. State-of-The-Art Technologies Used in Training Delivery and Administration at the Institute of Public Administration: Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewain, Saleh A. S.

    2005-01-01

    The Institute of Public Administration (IPA), in Saudi Arabia, is a well renowned training institution designated for training civil servants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This paper mainly discusses the uses of technologies in the administrative aspects of the IPA. The author also points out the obstacles faced and lessons learned from the…

  8. Art at the Crossroads: The Arts in Society and the Sociology of Art

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander, Victoria D.; Bowler, Anne E.

    2014-01-01

    The arts face a number of challenges in the 21st century brought about by various factors. These include rapid expansion of art markets at an international level, the impact of economic restructuring in public funding for the arts, the increasing dominance of neoliberal models of institutional and organizational success, changes in the definition of artistic work and artistic identity, and changes in the definition of audiences and new modes of arts participation in the face of technological ...

  9. Management strategies on the industrialization road of state-of-the-art technologies for e-waste recycling: the case study of electrostatic separation--a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Mianqiang; Li, Jia; Xu, Zhenming

    2013-02-01

    Electronic waste (e-waste) management is pressing as global production has increased significantly in the past few years and is rising continuously at a fast rate. Many countries are facing hazardous e-waste mountains, most of which are disposed of by backyard recyclers, creating serious threats to public health and ecosystems. Industrialization of state-of-the-art recycling technologies is imperative to enhance the comprehensive utilization of resources and to protect the environment. This article aims to provide an overview of management strategies solving the crucial problems during the process of industrialization. A typical case study of electrostatic separation for recycling waste printed circuit boards was discussed in terms of parameters optimization, materials flow control, noise assessment, risk assessment, economic evaluation and social benefits analysis. The comprehensive view provided by the review could be helpful to the progress of the e-waste recycling industry.

  10. STATE-OF-THE-ART AND EMERGING TRUCK ENGINE TECHNOLOGIES FOR OPTIMIZED PERFORMANCE, EMISSIONS AND LIFE CYCLE COSTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schittler, M

    2003-08-24

    The challenge for truck engine product engineering is not only to fulfill increasingly stringent emission requirements, but also to improve the engine's economical viability in its role as the backbone of our global economy. While societal impact and therefore emission limit values are to be reduced in big steps, continuous improvement is not enough but technological quantum leaps are necessary. The introduction and refinement of electronic control of all major engine systems has already been a quantum leap forward. Maximizing the benefits of these technologies to customers and society requires full use of parameter optimization and other enabling technologies. The next big step forward will be widespread use of exhaust aftertreatment on all transportation related diesel engines. While exhaust gas aftertreatment has been successfully established on gasoline (Otto cycle) engines, the introduction of exhaust aftertreatment especially for heavy-duty diesel engines will be much mo re demanding. Implementing exhaust gas aftertreatment into commercial vehicle applications is a challenging task but the emission requirements to be met starting in Europe, the USA and Japan in the 2005-2007 timeframe require this step. The engine industry will be able to implement the new technology if all stakeholders support the necessary decisions. One decision has already been taken: the reduction of sulfur in diesel fuel being comparable with the elimination of lead in gasoline as a prerequisite for the three-way catalyst. Now we have the chance to optimize ecology and economy of the Diesel engine simultaneously by taking the decision to provide an additional infrastructure for a NOx reduction agent needed for the introduction of the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology that is already implemented in the electric power generation industry. This requires some effort, but the resulting societal benefits, fuel economy and vehicle life cycle costs are significantly better

  11. Converging micro-nano-bio technologies towards integrated biomedical systems: state of the art and future perspectives under the EU-information & communication technologies program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lymberis, A

    2008-01-01

    Research and development at the convergence of microelectronics, nano-materials, biochemistry, measurement technology and information technology is leading to a new class of biomedical systems and applications e.g. molecular imaging, point of care testing, gene therapy and bionics (including on and inside the body sensors and other miniaturised smart systems) which are expected to revolutionise the healthcare provision and quality of life. In particular they are expected to identify diseases at the earliest possible stage, intervene before symptomatic disease becomes apparent and monitor both the progress of the diseases and the effect of intervention and therapeutic procedures. The group of EC-funded projects on Micro-Nano-Bio Convergence Systems, "so-called" MNBS, is made by projects developing systems that use a vast array of technologies to integrate across traditional boundaries between the micro-nano-bio, and info worlds, enabling a wide range of applications from health care to food quality monitoring. It includes mainly two sub-groups, one dealing with systems for in vitro molecular diagnosis and biological/biochemical analysis and the other is dealing with systems for in vivo interaction with the human body. Current status of development and future challenges, technological and socioeconomic, are briefly presented in this paper as background introductory information to the mini-symposium on MNBS. Relevant examples of R&D within the group will be presented in the mini-symposium.

  12. 高校美术专业学生实践能力培养与就业竞争力的相关研究%The related research of practical ability training and employment competitiveness of college fine arts major students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辉; 杨浩峰; 刘忠军

    2013-01-01

    高等院校美术专业的学生其专业实践能力一直是一个长期的系统的培养工程,美术专业学科的实践是美术专业的一个重要的学科特征和组成部分,因此,在美术的教育教学当中应该以实践教学为主导,重点培养学生的观察力、分析能力、艺术感知力、专业与社会的沟通契合的相关能力,最终整合成职业竞争力,以满足社会对美术专业实践性人才的需要。随着大学生就业压力的逐步扩大,我们必须看到教育产业化和就业市场化的一个最终的结果--根据市场需求来培育人才。所以,当下对美术专业的实践能力的培养显得尤为重要,通过学生实践能力的优化与培养,最终形成职业竞争力,以符合市场对美术专业人才的需求。%College Art Majors in their professional practice ability has been training project and a long-term system, practice of the art discipline is an important subject characteristics of fine arts professional and part, therefore, in the teaching of art should be based on the practice teaching as the leading, focus on the cultivation of students' observation, analytical skills, artistic perception, professional and social communication with relevant skills, ultimately integrated into occupation competitiveness, to meet the needs of society to the practice of the art professional talents. As the employment pressure gradually expanded, we must see that the industrialization of education and employment market a final result--according to the market demand for the cultivation of talents. Therefore, culture as the art professional practice ability is very important, through optimizing the students practical ability and training, eventually forming occupation competitiveness, to meet market demand for professional talents.

  13. Pilot Demonstration of Technology for the Production of High Value Materials from the Ultra-Fine (PM2.5) Fraction of Coal Combustion Ash

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T. L. Robl; J. G. Groppo; R. Rathbone; B. Marrs; R. Jewell

    2008-07-18

    The overall objective of this research was to determine the feasibility of recovering a very fine fraction of fly ash, that is 5 microns in diameter or less and examining the characteristics of these materials in new or at least less traditional applications. These applications included as a polymer filler or as a 'super' pozzolanic concrete additive. As part of the effort the ash from 6 power plants was investigated and characterized. This work included collection from ESP Hoppers and ponds. The ash was thoroughly characterized chemically and physically. Froth flotation was used to reduce the carbon and testing showed that flotation could effectively reduce carbon to acceptable levels (i.e. 0.5% LOI) for most of the substrates tested. in order to enable eventual use as fillers. Hydraulic classification was used in the separation of the fine ash from the coarse ash. Hydraulic classification requires the ash to be dispersed to be effective and a range of dispersants were tested for adsorption as well as sedimentation rate. A wide range of dosages were required (0.3 to 10 g/kg). In general the ponded ash required less dispersant. A model was developed for hydraulic classification. A pilot-scale hydraulic classifier was also designed and operated for the project. Product yields of up to 21% of feed solids were achieved with recoveries of <5 {micro}m particles as high as 64%. Mean particle sizes (D{sub 50}) of the ultra fine ash (UFA) products varied from 3.7 to 10 {micro}m. A patent was filed on the classifier design. A conceptual design of a Process Demonstration Unit (PDU) with a feed rate of 2 tons of raw ash feed per hour was also completed. Pozzolanic activity was determined for the UFA ashes in mortars. In general the overall strength index was excellent with values of 90% achieved in 3 days and {approx}100% in 7 days. Three types of thermoplastic polymers were evaluated with the UFA as a filler: high density polyethylene, thermoplastic elastomer and

  14. Organisational Art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferro-Thomsen, Martin

    creation of a practical utopia (?heterotopia?) in the organisational context. The case study makes use of both art- and organisational theory. The thesis concludes with an outline of a framework for OA that is derived from contemporary theory of mainly Relational Aesthetics (Bourriaud), Conceptual Art......University of Copenhagen / Learning Lab Denmark. 2005 Kort beskrivelse: Organisational Art is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations to produce art. This is most often done together with non-artist members of the organisation and on-site in their social context. OA...... is characterised as socially engaged, conceptual, discursive, site-specific and contextual. Abstract: This investigation is about Organisational Art (OA), which is a tentative title for an art form that works together with organisations (companies, institutions, communities, governments and NGOs) to produce art...

  15. Water-saving technologies affect the grain characteristics and recovery of fine-grain rice cultivars in semi-arid environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabran, Khawar; Riaz, Muhammad; Hussain, Mubshar; Nasim, Wajid; Zaman, Umar; Fahad, Shah; Chauhan, Bhagirath Singh

    2017-05-01

    Growing rice with less water is direly needed due to declining water sources worldwide, but using methods that require less water inputs can have an impact on grain characteristics and recovery. A 2-year field study was conducted to evaluate the impact of conventionally sown flooded rice and low-water-input rice systems on the grain characteristics and recovery of fine rice. Three fine grain rice cultivars-Super Basmati, Basmati 2000, and Shaheen Basmati-were grown under conventional flooded transplanted rice (CFTR), alternate wetting and drying (AWD), and aerobic rice systems. Grain characteristics and rice recovery were significantly influenced by different water regimes (production systems). Poor milling, including the lowest percentage of brown (head) rice (65.3%) and polished (white) rice (64.2-66.9%) and the highest percentage of broken brown rice (10.2%), husk (24.5%-26.3%), polished broken rice (24.7%), and bran (11.0-12.5%), were recorded in the aerobic rice system sown with Shaheen Basmati. With a few exceptions, cultivars sown in CFTR were found to possess a higher percentage of brown (head) and polished (white) rice and they had incurred the least losses in the form of brown broken rice, husk, polished broken rice, and bran. In conclusion, better grain quality and recovery of rice can be attained by growing Super Basmati under the CFTR system. Growing Shaheen Basmati under low-water-input systems, the aerobic rice system in particular, resulted in poor grain characteristics tied with less rice recovery.

  16. State of the Art for Deep Brain Stimulation Therapy in Movement Disorders: A Clinical and Technological Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagle Shukla, Aparna; Okun, Michael S

    2016-01-01

    Deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapy is a widely used brain surgery that can be applied for many neurological and psychiatric disorders. DBS is American Food and Drug Administration approved for medication refractory Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia. Although DBS has shown consistent success in many clinical trials, the therapy has limitations and there are well-recognized complications. Thus, only carefully selected patients are ideal candidates for this surgery. Over the last two decades, there have been significant advances in clinical knowledge on DBS. In addition, the surgical techniques and technology related to DBS has been rapidly evolving. The goal of this review is to describe the current status of DBS in the context of movement disorders, outline the mechanisms of action for DBS in brief, discuss the standard surgical and imaging techniques, discuss the patient selection and clinical outcomes in each of the movement disorders, and finally, introduce the recent advancements from a clinical and technological perspective.

  17. Brief introduction of Fine Arts teachers' training projects initiated by HKSEA%香港美术教育协会美术教师培训活动简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翕

    2009-01-01

    @@ 香港美术教育协会(Hong Kong Society for Educa-tion In Art,以下简称"HKSEA")成立于1992年,系由香港艺术发展局①资助的非营利民间机构,是为香港美术教育工作者服务的学术团体,其宗旨是为学校美术教育创造良好环境,提升学校美术学科地位,促进本地学校及社区美术教育发展.

  18. Advances in Remote Sensing for Oil Spill Disaster Management: State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology for Oil Spill Surveillance

    OpenAIRE

    Yang Gao; Jason Levy; Maya Nand Jha

    2008-01-01

    Reducing the risk of oil spill disasters is essential for protecting the environment and reducing economic losses. Oil spill surveillance constitutes an important component of oil spill disaster management. Advances in remote sensing technologies can help to identify parties potentially responsible for pollution and to identify minor spills before they cause widespread damage. Due to the large number of sensors currently available for oil spill surveillance, there is a need for a comprehensiv...

  19. Wall Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinley, Connie Q.

    2004-01-01

    The author of this article, an art teacher at Monarch High School in Louisville, Colorado, describes how her experience teaching in a new school presented an exciting visual challenge for an art teacher--monotonous brick walls just waiting for decoration. This school experienced only minimal instances of graffiti, but as an art teacher, she did…

  20. Rock Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henn, Cynthia A.

    2004-01-01

    There are many interpretations for the symbols that are seen in rock art, but no decoding key has ever been discovered. This article describes one classroom's experiences with a lesson on rock art--making their rock art and developing their own personal symbols. This lesson allowed for creativity, while giving an opportunity for integration…