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Sample records for technology changsha hunan

  1. Prevalence and spectrum of thalassaemia in Changsha, Hunan province, China: discussion of an innovative screening strategy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    JUN HE; HOULIN ZENG; LIN ZHU; HANMEI LI; LIANGCHENG SHI; LANPING HU

    2017-06-01

    Hunan province located in the south of China has a high incidence of haemoglobinopathies. In the present study, we surveyed the accurate population frequency data of the local population in Changsha city of Hunan province inChina. The data includes the carrying rate, gene mutation types and their distribution features for thalassaemia. In total, 7500 consecutive samples from five geographical areas of Changsha were analysed for both haematological andmolecular parameters. Therewas a high prevalence of carriers of α-thalassaemia (2.57%), β-thalassaemia (1.9%) and both α-thalassaemia and β-thalassaemia (0.08%). Overall, 4.54% of the population in this area represented heterozygouscarriers of α-thalassaemia and β-thalassaemia. The mutation spectrum of α-thalassaemia and β-thalassaemia and its haematological characterization were fully described for this area. The present study is the first to report the prevalence of thalassaemia in Hunan province population. Both α-thalassaemia and β-thalassaemia carriers are widely distributed in Changsha. The knowledge gained from the present study will allow for an estimation of the projected number of pregnant women at risk for thalassaemia, and the design of a screening strategy for the control of thalassaemia in Changsha.

  2. Investigation on the Seasonal Trend of Fruit Markets in Changsha, Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This investigation on the seasonal trend of fruit markets in Changsha indicated that the fruit varieties on the market in Changsha were abundant, up to 49 varieties; seasonal fresh fruits were continuously provided around the year; most fruits were domestic produce from all over the country, and about 39% of the varieties were imported mainly from southeast Asia, America, New Zealand and Brazil; the imported fruits and a few kinds of domestic fruits were higher in the quality grades than most domestic fruits, which accounted for approximately half of the total fruit volume; and fruit prices varied markedly with fruit varieties, quality grades and time of marketing. In a word, the Hunan fruit industry must increase fruit quality and diversity in order to achieve a favourable position in the strong international competition.

  3. Hunan Huaxingyu Sensing Technology Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Hunan Huaxingyu Sensing Technology Co., Ltd., is a national key high-tech enterprise. Approved by the High-tech Industrial Development Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology,it engages in scientific research into sensing technology, and its development, production, and applications.

  4. PIXE analysis of ancient Chinese Changsha porcelain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, E.K.; Yu, Y.C.; Wang, C.W.; Liu, T.Y.; Wu, C.M.; Chen, K.M.; Lin, S.S

    1999-04-02

    In this work, proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) method was applied for the analysis of ancient Chinese Changsha porcelain produced in the Tang dynasty (AD 618-907). A collection of glazed potsherds was obtained in the complex of the famous kiln site at Tongguan, Changsha city, Hunan province. Studies of elemental composition were carried out on ten selected Changsha potsherds. Minor and trace elements such as Ti, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Rb, Sr, and Zr in the material of the porcelain glaze were determined. Variation of these elements from sample to sample was investigated. Details of results are presented and discussed.

  5. 长沙市第三产业结构优化研究%STRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION OF THE TERTIARY SECTOR IN CHANGSHA, HUNAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国华; 杨利

    2001-01-01

    分析了改革开放以来长沙市第三产业发展对全市社会经济成长的贡献,并针对长沙第三产业发展存在的经济效益低、新兴行业发展缓慢、产业化和社会化程度低、市场体系不完善等突出问题,运用层次分析法对长沙第三产业结构优化中的主导行业进行了选择。同时提出了多渠道融资以增加投入,促进第三产业自我发展机制创新及强化第三产业管理机构,切实加强法制建设等结构优化对策。%The tertiary sector of Changsha has developed rapidly since China carried out the policy of reform and opening to the outside world, but there are still a lot of problems in the sector: a) economic benefit is low; b) the development of new industries is slow; c) the degree of industrialization and socialization is low; d) the market system is imperfect. The leading industries of the tertiary sector of Changsha are selected by means of hierarchy analysis, and some measures to realize the structure optimization of the tertiary sector in Changsha are put forward, which include increasing investment, promoting innovation mechanism of the tertiary sector, strengthening the management organs of the sector and reinforcing the construction of legal system.

  6. Principles and Strategies of Image Design for Cultural View Spots in Rural Tourism - A Case of View Spots in Shaping Town of Changsha County where the Cradleland of Hunan Embroidery Is%乡村旅游文化景点形象设计的原则和策略——以湘绣发源地长沙县沙坪镇景点为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱华武

    2011-01-01

    湘绣是湖南的文化品牌.以湘绣发源地长沙县沙坪镇为例证,在分析了该景点形象设计不足的基础上,从乡村旅游文化景点形象设计原则和策略要求出发,对景点理念、视觉和活动形象等,提出了增强景点吸引力的措施,以求将湘绣打造成湖南耀眼的"文化名片"之一,从而推进湘绣文化产业迅速崛起.%Hunan embroidery is a cultural brand of Hunan province. The disadvantages of image design for view spots in Shaping Town of Changsha County, where is the cradleland of Hunan embroidery, were analyzed. Then, in order to promoting the rapid rise of Hunan embroidery culture industry, the image design strategy for view spots of Hunan embroidery culture were proposed, which is making Hunan embroidery to be one of the most dazzling cultural brands in Hunan Province from image of concept, visual and activity factors.

  7. The Strategic Consideration for Expanding the New Technological Revolution of Agriculture in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@At the birth of the 21st century, the global technological revolution of agriculture has occured. The new breakthroughs of biological technology in agriculture are being obtained on end Information technology, nuclear technology, new-material technology and other new high technologies are being adopted in agriculture on a larger and larger scale. As a big province of agriculture, it is imperative for Hunan to develop the new agricultural high technology,promote the new technological revolution of agriculture and realize the modernization of agriculture by taking the opportunity and facing the challenges in the new century.

  8. Diplomatic Envoys of Four African Countries Visit Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>With Spring warmth awakening the flowers, ambassadors of Madagascar, Mali, Cameroon and Burundi went to Changsha, Hunan Province, for the 8th Lecture Tour of African Diplomatic Envoys. More than 100 people from the Commerce Bureau, the Development and Reform Commission and the Academy of Social Sciences of Hunan Province, Hunan Normal University as well as SOEs and private enterprises took part in the activity.

  9. 长株潭城市圈核心文化产业对湖南省区域经济增长影响的实证分析%The Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Core Cultural Industry at Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration on Regional Economic Growth in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李臻

    2012-01-01

    采用定量研究方法,利用2001—2010年有关面板数据,建立计量经济学模型,分析长株潭城市圈广播电视产业、新闻出版产业、动漫产业、休闲娱乐产业四大核心文化产业对湖南省区域经济增长的影响。根据平稳性检验、协整检验、最小二乘估计、LM检验等模型检验结果,可得出:长株潭城市圈核心文化产业和湖南省区域经济增长呈现正相关的关系,其核心文化产业对湖南省区域经济增长带来了积极的促进作用,但与国内外文化产业发达地区或国家相比,长株潭城市圈核心文化产业的相关弹性并不大,还有进一步提升的空间。%Adopts the method of empirical analysis and uses the panel data from 2001--2010 to establish an econometric model to study the influences of the core cultural industries of radio and television industry, the press and publication industry, animation industry and entertainment industry of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration on the regional economic growth of Hunan province. The results of stationary test, cointegration test, least squares estimation and LM test show that: the cultural industry of the urban agglomeration is positively related to the regional economic growth of Hunan province, which give an impetus to regional economic growth; But compared with the culture industry developed areas at home and abroad, the relevant elasticity of the central cultural industries of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan is not notable and need to improve.

  10. Hunan Concentrated on Improving Development Quality and Performance of Nonferrous Metalslndustry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Working Conference of Hunan Province Nonferrous Metals Industry was recently held in Changsha.Chen Quanxun,Counselor of theState Council,and President of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association,said that under the economic new normal stage,Hunan Province nonferrous metals industry

  11. VARIATIONS OF STABLE ISOTOPIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATION FROM CHANGSHA,HUNAN%湖南长沙地区大气降水中稳定同位素特征变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴华武; 章新平; 孙广禄; 黄一民; 申林; 郭丽香

    2012-01-01

    Based on the data of daily δD,δ18O of precipitation in Changsha station from Jan.2010 to Feb.2011.we have analyzed the variable characteristics of δD,δ18O of precipitation under the synoptic timescale.The results indicated that there was significantly negative correlation of δ18O in precipitation with precipitation amount,vapor pressure,temperature and relative humidity under the synoptic in Changsha,and the variation of δ18O in precipitation had significant precipitation amount effect,humidity effect and anti-temperature effect.The meteoric water line was δD=8.38δ18O+17.3 in Changsha,which was similar to the line under the monthly timescale according to GNIP(Globe Network of Isotopes in Precipitation).But the slope and intercept of Changsha was larger than GMWL(Globe Meteoric Water Line),which revealed that it had the climatic characteristics of humid and rainy in Changsha.These results had great impacts on revealing stable isotopic characteristics in East Asian monsoon and interpreting pale climate studies.%根据2010年1月~2011年2月长沙地区日降水中δD、δ18 O资料,分析了该地区天气尺度下降水中δD、δ18 O变化特征。结果表明:在天气尺度下长沙地区大气降水中δ18 O与降水量、水汽压、温度及相对湿度之间存在显著的负相关关系,表明该地区降水中δ18 O的变化具有显著的降水量效应、湿度效应及反温度效应。长沙地区的大气降水线为:δD=8.38δ18 O+17.3,该方程与GNIP(Globe Network of Isotopes in Precipitation)提供的长沙在月尺度下所得到的大气水线方程的斜率和截距相近,但斜率和截距都比GMWL(Globe Meteoric Water Line)偏大,说明该地区具有湿润多雨的气候特点。研究结果对揭示东亚季风区稳定同位素变化特征以及古气候的解释具有重要意义。

  12. Epidemic situation and risk factors analysis of COPD of residents in Changsha urban area of Hunan province%湖南省长沙市区居民慢性阻塞性肺疾病流行现状和相关危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪秀琴; 戴爱国; 尹培生; 孔春初; 张伏秀; 胡瑞成; 冉丕鑫

    2010-01-01

    disease (COPD)in urban areas of Hunan province and relevant risk factors and provide a basis of the prevention and treatment for COPD. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 4248 residents, aged over 15, by a simple cluster random sampling method in Changsha, Hunan, Wulipai street North Station community. All the respondents filled out an unified epidemiological survey questionnaire. All of the respondents received examination for lung function. Those respondents showed FEV1/FVC <70% were further examined by ECG,X ray inspection for differential diagnosis. The data of epidemiological survey was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression method. Results The response rate was 92%. The total prevalence of COPD was 4. 81%.The prevalence of COPD in the males was 6. 6%, and 3. 0% in the females. The prevalence of COPD in the males was significantly higher than that in the females (x2 = 29. 915, P < 0. 01). The prevalence increased with age increasing (P <0. 01). The more the education was, the lower the prevalence of COPD was. Risk factors analyzed with non-conditional logistic were as follow. The odd ratio (OR) for COPD in the age was 1.92(P <0. 01) and the odd ratio (OR) for COPD in the sex was 1.81 (P <0. 01). The weak lighting in house increased the risk with the OR of 4. 25(P <0. 01) and pet feeding further increased the risk with the OR of 12.08(P <0. 01). The odd ratio (OR) for COPD in the smokers was 1.74(P <0. 01) and the prevalence of COPD was related with smoking intensity (branch years of cigarette). Smoking intensity above 500 increased the risk of COPD. The passive smoking increased the risk with the OR of 16. 39(P <0. 01). The odd ratio (OR) for COPD in the paternal family history with chronic pulmonary disease was 2. 13(P <0. 01) and 2. 11 (P < 0. 01) in the maternal family history. The odd ratio (OR)for COPD in the education degree was 0. 52(P < 0. 01). Conclusions The prevalence of COPD was high in Changsha city, which

  13. 2007 Changsha International Symposium on Lupus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Qian-jin; LI Ya-ping

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 2007 Changsha International Symposium on Lupus, co-sponsored by the Institute of Dermatovenereology and the Epigenetic Research Center of the Second Xiangya Hospital at the Central South University was successfully held in Changsha on May 27,2007.

  14. [The research of saffold virus in children with lower respiratory tract infection in Changsha].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Qiong-hua; Zhang, Bing; Xie, Zhi-ping; Gao, Han-chun; Guo, Ming-wei; Zhang, Fei; Yan, Kun-long; Zhang, Rong-fang; Zhang, Jing; Cao, Chang-qing; Duan, Zhao-jun

    2011-02-01

    To investigate prevalence of Saffold virus (SAFV) in Changsha area of hospitalized children with respiratory tract infection, and to discuss whether this virus is related to respiratory tract infection of children. 643 nasopharyngeal aspirates samples were collected from hospitalized children with respiratory tract infection of the first affiliated hospital of Hunan nomal university during Nov. 2007 to Oct. 2008. Real-time fluorescent quanti-tative PCR(FQ-PCR) performed to screen the 5'UTR gene. And then analyze clinical data. SAFV were detected in 67 patients (10.42%) out of the 643 children, it was not detected over 5 years of age. The virus were detected in 8 patients (25.81%) out of the 31 children with persistent pneumonia and chronic pneumonia, there was statistically significant. There existed SAFV infection in hospitalized children with lower respiratory infection in Changsha area; SAFV maybe related to disease onset with lower respiratory tract infection of children.

  15. Changsha, magnet for foreign investors%长沙强势吸引外资

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Changsha, capital city of Hunan Province, is rising to become a strong "magnet" for foreign investment in central and western China. Statistics show that the city actually used foreign funds amounting for US $501 million in 2004, exceeding Xi'an (with actual use of foreign funds of US$276 million), Zhengzhou (with US$247 million), Hefei (with US$316 million), and Jinan (with US$317 million) . It approved 44 new foreign-invested projects in the first five months of this year, with contractual foreign funds of US$528 million,surging 57.8% year on year, and actual use of foreign funds of US$263 million, up 22.3%.

  16. Hunan Cuisine Is Special

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    HUNAN cuisine, also called Xiang cai(Xiang is the shorter name of Hunan Province), is one of the famous Chinese cuisines, in this cuisine, much attention is paid to seasoning. By using various condiments and flavorings, even dishes using simple ingredients can have Complex tastes. Banquet meals and recipes for home meals share this feature.

  17. 长沙市敢胜垸污水处理厂深度处理工艺的筛选研究%Selection of Depth Treatment Technology for Ganshengyuan Sewage Treatment Plant in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄翠芳; 陆万祥

    2015-01-01

    After determining secondary biological treatment process, the choice of the depth treatment technology was the key to ensure water-quality in the all engineering.Filtering is the most important processes in wastewater deep treatment process , to remove the raw water after precipitation residual flocs and impurities.Based on water processing efficiency, treatment cost, land use and various aspects, deep bed filtration process was selected.From the perspective of the overall optimization, according to the scale of design, the water quality characteristic and the requirement of water quality and the local actual conditions and re-quirements, selected the feasible, economic and reasonable depth treatment process, was to achieve the best processing plan of Ganshengyuan sewage treatment plant in Changsha.%在二级生物处理工艺确定后,深度处理工艺的选择是保证整个工程出水水质的关键。过滤是污水深度处理工艺中最重要的工序,用以去除原水经沉淀后的残留絮体和杂质,具体依据出水效果、处理效率、投资成本和占地等各方面,确定采用深床过滤工艺。从整体优化的角度出发,结合设计规模,进水水质特征和出水水质要求以及当地的实际条件和要求,选择切实可行且经济合理的深度处理工艺方案,是实现整个长沙市敢胜垸污水处理厂最佳工艺方案的保障。

  18. Sugarcane Pernicious Organisms Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ There are more than 2000 species of sugarcane pernicious organisms in the world, and over 400species axe in China. In order to make sure the sugarcane pernicious organisms in Hunan, we had a detailed investiga tion in several main sugarcane - producing regions during 1996- 1998.

  19. Analysis of Fertility Differences of Peiai 64S in Hunan and Hainan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinhua NING; Yangui ZHANG; Zhonghua SONG

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The purpose was to study and analyze the difference of Peiai 64 S fertility expression in two different climatic regions, Hainan and Hunan in 2010, and confirm the suitable region for its production of hybrid seeds. [Method] Eight sowing times were designed, March 20 and 30, April 10 and 30, May 15, June 1, 10 and 20, respectively in Changsha of Hunan. Thirteen sowing times were designed in Hainan, January 28, February 12 and 27, March 14 and 29, April 13 and 28, May 13 and 28, June 12, July 1, 12 and 27, respectively. Peiai 64S was gradually managed and recorded heading stage during cultivation, and the effects of different climate influencing factors, such as daily mean temperature, daily maximum temperature, daily minimum temperature, duration of day at 0-25 d before heading (namely pollen mother cell meiophase), on pollen fertility were analyzed to confirm sensitive periods of light and temperature. [ResuLt] There was a big difference in sensitive period among the same cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) in different climatic regions. The sensitive period of Peiai 64S was in first four phases, phases V, VI, VII, VIII (0-13 d) in Changsha of Hunan, which was in last four phases, phases I, II, III, IV (13-25 d) in Haikou of Hainan. Under natural conditions, Peiai 64S pollen sterility rate were all more than 99.5% and seed-setting rates all less than 0.5% in Haikou, so production of hybrid seeds was safe. Its pollen sterility rate was 21.3%- 100.0% in Hunan, so its security coefficient of hybrid seeds production was lower than that in Hainan. [Conclusion] The security coefficient of hybrid seeds production of CMS Peiai 64S is lower than that in Hainan.

  20. Hunan Rare Earth Group Approved

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Following Guangdong,Guangxi,Fujian and Jiangxi,Hunan announced that it would consolidate its rare earth resources-the consolidation plan of Hunan Rare Earth Group has been approved. Consolidation of the rare earth industry of south China is in full swing.According to "Several Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the Sustainable and Healthy Development of Rare Earth Industry"(hereinafter referred to as "Several Opinions")released in 2011,

  1. Risk assessment for the mercury polluted site near a pesticide plant in Changsha, Hunan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Haochen; Lin, Zhijia; Wan, Xiang; Feng, Liu

    2017-02-01

    The distribution characteristics of mercury fractions at the site near a pesticide plant was investigated, with the total mercury concentrations ranging from 0.0250 to 44.3 mg kg(-1). The mercury bound to organic matter and residual mercury were the main fractions, and the most mobile fractions accounted for only 5.9%-9.7%, indicating a relatively low degree of potential risk. The relationships between mercury fractions and soil physicochemical properties were analysed. The results demonstrated that organic matter was one of the most important factors in soil fraction distribution, and both OM and soil pH appeared to have a significant influence on the Fe/Mn oxides of mercury. Together with the methodology of partial correlation analysis, the concept and model of delayed geochemical hazard (DGH) was introduced to reveal the potential transformation paths and chain reactions among different mercury fractions and therefore to have a better understanding of risk development. The results showed that the site may be classified as a low-risk site of mercury DGH with a probability of 10.5%, but it had an easy trend in mercury DGH development due to low critical points of DGH burst. In summary, this study provides a methodology for site risk assessment in terms of static risk and risk development.

  2. 长沙市民世博旅游行为初探%A Preliminary Study of Changsha Residents' 2010 Expo Travel Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗明春; 宋鸽; 臧月红; 袁桉; 张雅慧; 袁貌辉

    2012-01-01

    世界博览会是一种重要的全球性展会,研究城市居民的世博旅游行为,有助于更好地开发会展旅游市场。通过问卷调查,分析了长沙市民对上海世博会的出游行为。结果显示,长沙市民有着较强烈进行世博旅游的意愿,没有能够实现出游意愿的主要原因是时间和经济条件的限制。长沙市的世博旅游者去上海的交通工具主要为动车和飞机,出游方式以自助为主,住宿方式表现为多样化,对世博的服务、卫生、增长知识、园内参观以及整个世博旅游都有着较高的评价。同时,在世博结束后,长沙市民对保留下来的中国馆和湖南馆仍然有着强烈的参观意愿。%The Expo is a very important world wide exhibition,.researches on city dwellers' Expo travel behavior will better contribute to the development of MICE travel market. Based on questionnaire, behavior of Changsha residents' 2010 Expo travel is analyzed. Results show that Changsha residents have strong desire for 2010 Expo travel, time and economic limitations are the main reasons restricting Changsha residents visiting 2010 Expo. Bullet train and airplane are the main transportation vehicles for Changsha residents visiting 2010 Expo, independent tour is the main travel way, and visitors have verified lodging ways. Changsha residents have favorable evaluation for 2010 Expo services, environments, knowledge acquisition, Expo Garden, and the whole Expo travel. Changsha residents also have a strong desire for visiting China Hall and Hunan Hall of the 2010 Expo after the Expo ending up.

  3. Technology Design of Raw Material Pretreatment for a Gold Smelter in Hunan%湖南某黄金冶炼厂原料预处理工段的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙聪; 常耀超; 王云

    2016-01-01

    The technological process and equipment configuration of raw material pretreatment system for a gold smelter in Hunan Province are described in this article . The smelter feedstock produced from its own pyrite cinder . Acid leaching —high temperature chlorination process is used by the smelter to remove arse‐nic and recover gold and silver effectively , w hich is of great economic benefits for it produced roasted pel‐lets with iron grade more than 55% as well .%介绍湖南某黄金冶炼厂原料预处理工艺流程及设备配置情况。该冶炼厂原料为自产硫铁矿烧渣。生产工艺为酸浸—高温氯化法,此工艺可有效的脱砷并回收金银,同时可生产得到含铁55%以上的的铁球团,具有良好的经济效益。

  4. 大学生学习投入影响因素的实证层次分析%The Empirical Analytic Hierarchy Analysis to the Influencing Factors of Learning Engagement of Hunan University of Technology ’s Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江力

    2016-01-01

    At first, based on the analytic hierarchy process(AHP), the paper made quantitative and qualitative analysis to the factors of influencing college students' learning engagement;Then,made five questionnaires on the basis of the structure of the hierarchical model, and carryed out ques⁃tionnaire survey in some of the students of Hunan university of technology randomly,. analyzed the survey data by the analytic hierarchy model, the results of the empirical analysis verified the reliability of the conclusion of the model,i.e. the need for cognition, the relationship between teachers and students and learning motivation are the key factors that influence college students ’learning engagement.%首先运用层次分析模型对影响大学生学习投入的因素进行定量和定性分析;然后根据模型的结构层次编制5个问卷调查表,并随机地在湖南工业大学的部分学生中进行问卷调查。对调查数据进行层次分析,实证分析的结果验证了模型结论的可靠性,即认知需要、师生关系、学习动机是影响大学生学习投入的关键因素。

  5. Database Management System Construction for the Evaluation Results of Intensive Land Use in the Development Areas of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mingliang; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Using spatial data integration and database technology,analyzing and integrating the assessment results in all the development zones at different time in Hunan Province,the paper is intended to construct the database and managerial system for the assessment results of land use intensity in development zones,thus formulating"one map"of Hunan Development zones and realizing the integrated management and application of the assessment results in all the development zones at any time of Hunan above the provincial level.It has been proved that the system has good application effect and promising development in land management for land management departments and development zones.

  6. 大湘西地区科技服务业发展现状及对策探讨%Present Situation and Countermeasure of Technology Service Industry Development in the Western Region in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭程甸; 余华

    2015-01-01

    文章通过对大湘西地区科技服务机构类型、性质、区域及行业分布特征的全面分析,深入揭示大湘西地区科技服务业发展现状,发现其存在规模小且种类分布不均,专业化分工不足;所有制结构不合理,市场化程度不高;地域发展不均衡,科技资源共享困难;涉及行业少,发展层次偏低等诸多问题。应当加强政策扶持,推动科技服务业均衡发展;转变政府职能,培育科技服务业多元主体;统筹科技资源,促进科技服务业集聚发展;拓宽行业领域,提升科技服务业发展水平。%Through the comprehensive analysis on service type, nature, regional and industrial dis-tribution of technology service in the Western Region in Hunan, this paper gains insights into the present situation of technology service industry development.The results show that there are many problems including small size companies and uneven distribution of types, a low degree of specialization of labor, unreasonable ownership structure, low degree of marketization, unbalanced regional development, difficulty in sharing technical resources, few involved trades, low development level, etc.We should strengthen the support on policy, promote the balanced development of technology service industry, transform government function, cultivate the multiple subjects of technology service industry, plan science and technology resources as a whole, promote the cluster development of technology service, expand the industry area and enhance the development level of technology service industry.

  7. Assessment and Countermeasures of Ecological Civilization Construction in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to assess the ecological civilization construction in urban agglomeration composed of Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan synthetically.[Method] By means of analytic hierarchy process,the assessment system of ecological civilization in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan was established firstly,and then the ecological civilization construction in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan was evaluated comprehensively,and the existing problems and causes of ecological civilization construction were analyzed,...

  8. Landsat analysis of the Yangjiatan tungsten district, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, W.D.; Kiilsgaard, T.H.

    1983-01-01

    The Yangjiatan tungsten district at latitude 27??28??? N. and longitude 111??54???E. is located about 140 km southwest of the city of Changsha and 35 km northeast of the town of Shaoyang, southeast Hunan Province, People's Republic of China. The deposits, consisting largely of scheelite in veins (Wang, 1975), are contained in highly folded and faulted sedimentary rocks of Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic age intruded by granitic plutons that are circular in plan view. The major faults and folds trend in a northeasterly direction; whereas, the plutons are clustered in a more easterly trending band across the Landsat image. Landsat image E-2338-02202, acquired December 26, 1975, is number 470 in the "Landsat Image Atlas of the People's Republic of China" printed by the Publishing House of Geology in 1979. A computer-compatible tape of the image was analyzed and used as a demonstration project under a United Nations technical assistance program. Supervised classification of soils, rocks, and vegetation; band ratioing to detect limonite alteration; and edge enhancement were all conducted to demonstrate the flexibility and capability of interactive computer systems. Field evaluation of the results of this work will be conducted by colleagues of the Remote Sensing Center for Geology, Ministry of Geology, in China. ?? 1983.

  9. Source separation of municipal solid waste: The effects of different separation methods and citizens' inclination-case study of Changsha, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Haibin; Yang, Yan; Jiang, Wei; Song, Mengjie; Wang, Ying; Xiang, Tiantian

    2017-02-01

    A case study on the source separation of municipal solid waste (MSW) was performed in Changsha, the capital city of Hunan Province, China. The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of different separation methods and compare their effects with citizens' attitudes and inclination. An effect evaluation method based on accuracy rate and miscellany rate was proposed to study the performance of different separation methods. A large-scale questionnaire survey was conducted to determine citizens' attitudes and inclination toward source separation. Survey result shows that the vast majority of respondents hold consciously positive attitudes toward participation in source separation. Moreover, the respondents ignore the operability of separation methods and would rather choose the complex separation method involving four or more subclassed categories. For the effects of separation methods, the site experiment result demonstrates that the relatively simple separation method involving two categories (food waste and other waste) achieves the best effect with the highest accuracy rate (83.1%) and the lowest miscellany rate (16.9%) among the proposed experimental alternatives. The outcome reflects the inconsistency between people's environmental awareness and behavior. Such inconsistency and conflict may be attributed to the lack of environmental knowledge. Environmental education is assumed to be a fundamental solution to improve the effect of source separation of MSW in Changsha. Important management tips on source separation, including the reformation of the current pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) system, are presented in this work. A case study on the source separation of municipal solid waste was performed in Changsha. An effect evaluation method based on accuracy rate and miscellany rate was proposed to study the performance of different separation methods. The site experiment result demonstrates that the two-category (food waste and other waste) method achieves the

  10. Investigation and Analysis of Ice and Snow Disaster Suffered by Hunan Power Grid in 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Wenliang; Zhao Donglai; Zuo Songlin; Fu Zhiyang; Qu Qiang; Yu Yongqing; Su Zhiyi; Fan Jianbin; Li Peng; Yuan Dalu; Wu Shouyuan; Song Gao; Deng Zhanfeng

    2008-01-01

    @@ In January 2008,a sudden disaster caused by icing and snowing happened in large areas of Central China and South China.The equipments of Hunan power grid were seriously damaged during the icing and snowing disaster.An expert group from China Electric Power Research Institute (CEPRI) was organized and went to Hunan province for field investigation.As a summary of this investigation,this paper introduces power equipment damages,such as flashover caused by icing,collapse of towers,conductor breakage and damage of substation equipments.The countermeasures adopted for this icing and snowing disaster are also summarized.The analysis shows that the rare meteorological condition is the main reason for large-area damage of Hunan power grid.In the icing disaster of Hunan power grid,the ice thickness greatly exceeds the permissible limit of design,thus it is necessary to improve the design parameters reasonably to against icing of transmission lines,and the design of external insulation and the anti-icing technology for substations are also need to be enhanced.

  11. Follow-up study on management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Hunan Province, the People's Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeng YQ

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Yuqin Zeng,1,* Jianxian Xu,1,* Shan Cai,1 Fen Jiang,1 Anmei Hu,2 Huayun Liu,3 Chengli Bei,4 Ping Chen11Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shenzhen City Baoan District Central Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Yueyang First People’s Hospital, Yueyang, Hunan, 4Department of Respiratory Medicine, Changsha Central Hospital, Changsha, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: In 2009, our study showed an extreme imbalance and disparity in COPD-related health resources allocation at three levels of public hospitals (PHs in Hunan Province of the People’s Republic of China, especially in second-level PHs. Moreover, most Chinese citizens accept their health care services in first- and second-level PHs for economic and geographical reasons, as well as because of the incomplete transfer system in the health care services. To improve diagnosis and treatment ability of pulmonologists in second-level PHs, an intervention that provided training combined with spirometry equipment was carried out in three PHs from six second-level PHs. The aim of this follow-up study was to evaluate the changes associated with COPD-related health resources allocation and the effect of the intervention 4 years later.Methods: The data regarding the availability of spirometers, inhalation agents for COPD, and COPD-related health care education for local residents were collected from 57 PHs in 2009 and 48 PHs in 2013. Pulmonologists working in these PHs were asked to complete a questionnaire individually. Six second-level PHs (three in the intervention group and the other three in the control group [without training and spirometry equipment] that further took part in the survey in 2009 were reevaluated to determine the doubtful diagnostic ratio and the confirmation ratio of COPD. The

  12. Artifacts Attest to the Glorious Ancient Culture of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JANE; SHAW

    1995-01-01

    HUNAN is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and to the south of Dongting Lake. In Chinese, hu means lake and nan, south. The Xiangjiang River valley, which flows through the province from south to north, is the most developed region in the areas of politics, the economy and culture. Thus, Hunan is also called Xiang for short.

  13. 基于物联网技术的湖南省农产品供应链管理模型设计%Design of Agricultural Products Supply Chain Management Model Based on Internet of Things Technology in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭剑; 肖华茂

    2013-01-01

    基于物联网技术与农产品供应链管理的特点,寻找出农产品供应链各环节与物联网的结合点,构建物联网技术下湖南省农产品供应链管理模型,并对其生产基地模型、商务流通模型、可追溯模型进行了设计.提出了完整的基于物联网技术的农产品供应链管理模型,为湖南省农业农村信息化建设提供参考.%According to the features of the internet of things technology and agricultural products supply chain management,the integration point of agricultural product supply chain and network was found out,and the agricultural products supply chain management model based on the intemet of things technology was constructed,of which the production base model,business flow model,traceability model were designed.The integrated agricultural product supply chain management model based on the internet of things technology was proposed which could provide references for the agricultural and rural informatization construction of Hunan province.

  14. Sources and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in street dust from the Chang-Zhu-Tan Region, Hunan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Yongzhen; Dai, Tagen; Wu, Qianhong

    2013-02-01

    Street dusts collected from 20 locations in the Chang-Zhu-Tan (Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan) region, Hunan, China, in May to July 2006, were investigated for sources of polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The individual PAH concentrations were in the range of 10-4316 ng g(-1), and ∑PAHs(16) levels were in the range of 3,515-24,488 ng g(-1), with a mean of 8,760 ng g(-1). The high-molecular-weight PAHs (four to six rings), ranging from 47.51 to 82.11 %, with a mean of 74.79 %, were the dominant PAH compounds in almost all of the dusts. The isomer ratios suggested a rather uniform mixture of coal combustion and petroleum PAH sources. Factor analysis and multiple linear regression analysis indicate that the main sources of the 16 PAHs were coal combustion/vehicle exhaust, coking/petroleum, and plant combustion, with contribution rates of 50.9, 35.01, and 14.08, respectively. The spatial distributions of PAH concentrations were significantly related to the distribution of industries, traffic circulation, and farmland in this region.

  15. 湖南广电改革创新历程和可持续发展策略探析——在中组部主办、浦东干部学院承办的第14届城市领导者专题研究班上的讲座%Analysis on Reform & Innovation Course and Sustainable Development Strategy of Hunan Radio and TV --Lecture made in I4th Special Topic Seminar of City Leaders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳常林

    2012-01-01

    The continuous development of Hunan Radio and TV are the results of reform and innovation. Karaoke phenomenon in Changsha, assemble benefit of famous stars, the development of civil aviation and the development of education in Hunan, are all closely related to development of Hunan Radio and TV. In the future, Hunan Radio and TV should encourage innovation in the content, cultivate related talents in the 3rd generation products, implement the blue ocean strategy and enlarge the brand.%湖南广电的不断发展是改革创新积极助推的结果。长沙的歌厅现象、明星的集聚效益、民航的发展、湖南的教育发展,都与湖南广电的发展密切相关。未来湖南广电的发展,要在内容上加大创新,培养第三代内容产品相关的人才;要实行蓝海战略,推动“华流”;要放大品牌,打造“果端计划”。

  16. 三十年代“文夕大火”对长沙商业的影响%The Influence of "Wenxi Fire" on the Changsha Business in 1930s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳亮; 张小河

    2011-01-01

    近代,随着岳阳、长沙相继开埠,新经济因素的不断契入,交通运输事业的持续发展等有利因素作用,长沙逐渐取代湘潭成为湖南的经济中心,尤以商业的迅速发展为著。到二十世纪三十年代,受国内局势影响,长沙的商业出现了异常繁荣的局面。但发生在1938年11月12日深夜的一场"文夕大火",却使长沙近千年物质积累创造被毁殆尽,其中又以商业损失最为严重,从此步入停滞状态。%In morden times,since Changsha opened port,with the emergence of new economic factors,sustainable development of the transportation cause,and some favorable factors effect,Changsha gradually replaced Xiangtan as the economic center of Hunan Province,especially the rapid development of business.To the 1930s,affected by the domestic situation,Changsha's business was very prosperous.However,on the night of November 12,1938,a disaster of fire which named"Wenxi Fire",burned down thousands of years of the property accumulation and weakened its position as the center of economy.In this fire,the business loss is most serious,then into stagnation.

  17. Novel high-K with low specific on-resistance high voltage lateral double-diffused MOSFET

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Li-Juan; Zhang, Zhong-Jie; Song, Yue; Yang, Hang; Hu, Li-Min; Yuan, Na

    2017-02-01

    Not Available Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61306094), the Project of Hunan Provincial Education Department, China (Grant No.13ZA0089), the Introduction of Talents Project of Changsha University of Science & Technology, China (Grant No. 1198023), and the Construct Program of the Key Discipline in Hunan Province, China.

  18. A comparative analysis of human thermal conditions in outdoor urban spaces in the summer season in Singapore and Changsha, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Wei; Wong, Nyuk Hien; Zhang, Guoqiang

    2013-11-01

    This paper presents the comparative analysis between the findings from two field surveys of human thermal conditions in outdoor urban spaces during the summer season. The first survey was carried out from August 2010 to May 2011 in Singapore and the second survey was carried out from June 2010 to August 2010 in Changsha, China. The physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) was utilized as the thermal index to assess the thermal conditions. Differences were found between the two city respondents in terms of thermal sensation, humidity sensation, and wind speed sensation. No big difference was found between the two city respondents regarding the sun sensation. The two city respondents had similar neutral PET of 28.1 °C for Singapore and 27.9 °C for Changsha, respectively. However, Singapore respondents were more sensitive to PET change than Changsha respondents and the acceptable PET range for Changsha respondents was wider than that for Singapore respondents. Besides, the two city respondents had different thermal expectations with the preferred PET of 25.2 °C and 22.1 °C for Singapore and Changsha, respectively. The results also reveal that Changsha respondents were more tolerant than Singapore respondents under hot conditions. Finally, two regression models were proposed for Singapore and Changsha to predict the human thermal sensation in a given outdoor thermal environment.

  19. Investigation on Quality of Life of Contemporary College Students---Take Hunan University of Technology as an Example%当代大学生生命质量的调查研究--以湖南工业大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷婷

    2015-01-01

    College Students' life education has become an important content of modern higher education. To improve the quality of life of college students is the core of life education for College Students. Investigation on the students of Hunan University of Technology in this paper with WHO quality of life table found that different gender, different grades, different professional college students have differences in each factor of quality of life scale. Researchers should enhance the quality of life of college students and the weak link.%大学生生命教育已成为现代高等教育的重要内容。提高大学生的生命质量是大学生生命教育的核心。采用世界卫生组织生命质量简表(WHOQOL-BREF)中文版对湖南工业大学的大学生进行调查研究,发现不同年级、不同性别、不同专业的大学生在生命质量简表的各因子上存在差异,研究者应提升大学生生命质量的薄弱环节。

  20. Research on Teaching and Reform from Western Economics in Applied Junior Universities---A Case Study of Hunan College of Science and Technology%应用型二本院校西方经济学教学教改探讨--以湖南理工学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈望雄

    2015-01-01

    The traditional teaching model of western economics from Hunan College of Science and Technology can't meet the need of the student's theory level of economic, the practice ability and professional quality from realistic society, so that it will directly affect the teaching effect of western economics. Some strategies were presented so as to enhance the teaching effect in western economics: clearly teaching goal, adjusting the teaching content; establishing a network teaching platform and attaching great importance to the application; using multiple teaching methods, strengthening practice teaching link; selectively applying mathematics tools, optimizing examination ways.%湖南理工学院西方经济学课程现有的教学模式与现实社会对高校学生的经济理论水平、实践能力和专业素质要求存在很大差距,这无疑会直接影响西方经济学的教学效果。应该明确教学目标,调整教学内容;建立网络教学平台,并重视其应用;采用多元教学方式,加强实践教学环节;有选择应用数学工具,优化考核方式,以提高西方经济学课程的教学效果。

  1. 基于熵权的长沙市城市生态安全综合评估与预测%Assessment and Forecast for Ecological Security Based on Entropy Weight Method: A Case Study of Changsha, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷春雪; 李锋; 钱谊; 王洁

    2013-01-01

    城市是一个社会-经济-自然复合生态系统,区域资源与城市自然系统是城市社会经济发展的重要基础和载体.城市生态安全评估是对未来的安全状态进行预测,以实现城市的可持续发展.文章以长沙市为例,在城市生态安全主要影响因素识别的基础上,应用PSR模型、熵权法等建立城市生态安全评估指标及计算方法,研究了长沙市近11年来生态安全的变化趋势.研究结果表明,1999-2009年间长沙生态安全的趋势由较不安全向较安全状态发展,生态安全值从25.4提高到60.7,人文环境响应是长沙生态安全改善的主导因素,资源环境压力,水土资源保持是限制长沙市生态安全的主要因素.%Regional resource and urban natural system are important carriers and foundation of urban socio-economic development Urban ecological security assessment is to forecast the potential status of ecological security, thereby contributing to sustainable ecological security management. An approach for urban ecological security evaluation was established applying pressure-state-response (PSR) model and entropy weight method, the index system of urban ecological security evaluation was put forward based on main influencing factors of urban ecological security. The potential ecological insecurity factors were identified and degree of urban ecological security was analyzed from 1999 to 2009 in Changsha, Hunan Province. The assessment indicated that the trend of ecological security in Changsha has improved from less security to safety state, with ecological security value increasing from 25.4 to 60.7. The dominant factor is the response of humanistic environment, and critical factors will be the conditions of resource-environmental pressure, water resource stress. The study would provide reference for Changsha eco-city development.

  2. Dynamic Evaluation of Rationality of Land Use Structure in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinning XIE; Jianhua GUO; Kaiguo YUAN; Bin QUAN

    2015-01-01

    The rationality of land use structure was evaluated with dynamic TOPSIS method based on changing data of land use from 2008 to 2011 in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan area. The results showed that during 2008- 2011,the rationality of land use structure was totally high,the dynamic value hi of Changsha,Zhuzhou,Xiangtan and the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan area was 0. 7954,0. 7821,0. 8245 and0. 8186,respectively; the value Ci( tk) reflecting the rationality of land use structure at different time points was rapidly increased,and the gap between regions was not big and shrinking. According to the grey relational analysis,the change of different land use types had different effects on the rationality of land use structure: transportation land,the land for cities,towns and villages and the land for mining and industry are most highly correlated with the rationality of land use structure,while arable land,woodland,water area and water conservancy facility land have also an important impact on the rationality of land use structure; controlling the excessive growth of transportation land,the land for cities,towns and villages and the land for mining and industry,protecting arable land,forest land,water area and water conservancy facility land,and moderately increasing the garden plot,plays a decisive role in optimizing the land use structure in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan area.

  3. 湖南省政府英文网站建设的生态现状及优化策略%Present Ecological Situation of Hunan Official English Website Construction And its Improvement Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋学军; 刘明东

    2012-01-01

      基于当前湖南省政府门户英文网站的生态现状,重点剖析湖南省人民政府和长沙市、衡阳市政府英文网站的栏目设计情况,探讨政府英文网站翻译的归化和异化策略,分析湖南省各级政府英文网站建设所存在的问题,并提出湖南省政府英文网站建设生态的优化策略。%  This paper introduces the general construction situation of English websites of the governments in Hu-nan Province, mainly analyzes the column setting of the government’s official English websites of Hunan Province, Changsha City and Hengyang City, probes into the domestication and foreignization translation strategies for the gov-ernment’s official English websites, points out the problems existing in the construction of the government’s official English websites at different levels, and puts forward the improvement strategies for the construction ecology of the government’s official English website.

  4. Heavy metal pollution of soils and vegetables in the midstream and downstream of the Xiangjiang River, Hunan Province%湘江中下游农田土壤和蔬菜的重金属污染

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉霞; 郭朝晖; 肖细元; 陈同斌; 廖晓勇; 宋杰; 武斌

    2008-01-01

    A total of 219 agricultural soil and 48 vegetable samples were collected from the midstream and downstream of the Xiangjiang River (the Hengyang-Changsha section) in Hunan Province. The accumulation characteristics, spatial distribution and potential risk of heavy metals in the agricultural soils and vegetables were depicted. There are higher accu- mulations of heavy metals such as As, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in agricultural soils, and the contents of Cd (2.44 mg kg-1), Pb (65.00 mg kg-1) and Zn (144.13 mg kg-1) are 7.97, 3.69 and 1.63 times the corresponding background contents in soils of Hunan Province, respectively. 13.2% of As, 68.5% of Cd, 2.7% of Cu, 2.7% of Ni, 8.7% of Pb and 15.1% of Zn in soil sam- ples from the investigated sites exceeded the maximum allowable heavy metal contents inthe China Environmental Quality Standard for Soils (GB15618-1995, Grade II). The pollution characteristics of multi-metals in soils are mainly due to Cd. The contents of As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in vegetable soils are significantly higher than the contents in paddy soils. 95.8%, 68.8%, 10.4% and 95.8% of vegetable samples exceeded the Maximum Levels of Contami- nants in Foods (GB2762-2005) for As, Cd, Ni and Pb concentrations, respectively. There are significantly positive correlations between the concentrations of Cd, Pb and Zn in vegetables and the concentrations in the corresponding vegetable soils (p<0.01). It is very necessary to focus on the potential risk of heavy metals for food safety and human health in agricultural soils and vegetables in the midstream and downstream of the Xiangjiang River, Hunan Province of China.

  5. 基于功能分区的国家农业科技园区规划研究--以望城国家农业科技园为例%Study on National Agricultural Science and Technology Park Planning Based on Functional Areas---Wangcheng National Agricultural Science and Technology Park as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻璐颖; 杨君

    2016-01-01

    国家级农业科技园是当前正在迅速兴起的实现农业现代化的有效形式之一,兼顾农产品生产、农业高新技术示范、种苗繁育技术示范培训及旅游观光等多种功能。湖南望城国家农业科技园是我国第一批批准成立的国家级农业科技园。自2011年望城县撤县变区后,望城区成为长沙市的重要组成部分,也成为了全国唯一一个以整个行政区域作为科技园区的国家级农业科技园,而其功能定位与分区、产业结构等则需要与长沙市区进行匹配整合协调。本文以望城国家级农业科技园为例,根据其既是行政区又是农业园区的特点,协调相关规划,对其功能定位以及功能分区进行研究探讨,并据此指导园区的规划布局。%National agricultural science and Technology Park is one of the effective forms to realize agricultural modernization which growing rapidly at present. Combining a variety of functions about agricultural production, Agricultural high-tech demonstration, Training of seedling breeding technology demonstration and tourism. Hunan Wangcheng national agricultural science and Technology Park is the first batch was approved in our country. From 2011 withdraw county into administrative region, Wangcheng region become an important part in the city of Changsha, and also become the only one national agricultural science and Technology Park which as science and Technology Park in the whole administrative areas, so the function orientation and partition, industrial structure etc. must coordinate matching integration with urban area of Changsha. Wangcheng national agricultural science and Technology Park as an example in this paper, on the basis of the characteristics of both administrative region and the agricultural park, coordinate related planning, studying its function orientation and the functional partition, and to guide the park planning and layout.

  6. 湖南省碳排放强度与森林碳汇地域差异分析%Research on the regional difference of carbon emission intensity and forest carbon sequestration in Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁立嘉; 唐玉凤; 伍格致

    2016-01-01

    Carbon emission intensity and forest carbon sequestration are two important indicators to evaluate regional carbon reduction. Researching carbon emission intensity and spatial differences in forest carbon Sequestration were beneficial to reduce the carbon emission in Hunan Province. Based on the 14 indexes of the annual carbon emission intensity and forest carbon sequestration in Hunan Province from 2010 to 2014 , a two dimensional cluster analysis of 14 areas in Hunan Province has been made. The results shows that:(1) Signiifcant regional differences in carbon intensity Hunan regions.(2) Regional distribution pattern of forest carbon sequestration in Hunan Province are Western>Southern>Northern>Central part. (3) According to geographical differences of carbon intensity and forest carbon sinks in Hunan province ,the 14 administrative regions of Hunan Province can be divided into four areas prefectures type.: Zhangjiajie, Xiangxi state , Yongzhou belong to regions of Low Carbon Intensity-High Carbon Sequestration; Zhuzhou and Changsha, Changde belong to regions of Low Carbon Intensity-Low Carbon Sequestration;the central part of Hunan Province belong to the regions of high Carbon Intensity-low Carbon Sequestration;Huaihua, Shaoyang, Hengyang, Chengzhou belongs to high Carbon Intensity-High Carbon Sequestration. Finally, the advice of how to reduce regional carbon emission has been given.%碳排放强度与森林碳汇是评价区域碳减排工作的两项重要指标。对湖南省的碳排放强度与森林碳汇的地域差异进行研究,有利于促进该省的区域碳减排工作。通过对湖南省14个地州市在2010—20145年的年均碳排放强度和森林碳汇进行核算,并基于湖南省各地区碳排放强度与森林碳汇的差异,对14个地州市进行了二维聚类分析。结果表明:(1)湖南省各地区碳排放强度存在明显的地域差异。(2)湖南省森林碳汇的地域分布格局为湘西>

  7. Characteristics and Risk factors of Psychosomatic Symp-toms Related to Female Tubal Sterilization in Rural Area in Hunan Province, China: A Prospective Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘破资; 岳伟华; 郝伟; 杨德森; 凌天牖; 张友明; 彭光辉; 武昆; 刘红华; 苏中华; 王厚亮; 谢永标

    2002-01-01

    Objectives To study characteristics of psychosomatic symptoms related to sterilization,to find out risk factors and their roles ascribed to psychosomatic symptoms, and toestablish a mathematic model for screening out susceptible women.Methods: This study enrolled 776 women in rural area at three counties of Linxiang,Qiyang, Changsha of Hunan province in China between February 1990 and April1992. Brief Neurosis Screening Scale (BNSS), Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90),sensitivity to pain, suggestibility were used to indicate subjects' psychological status.Logistic regression model and retrograde discriminant analysis were applied to developa mathematical model.Results: Prevalence of psychosomatic reactions or symptoms was 54. 8% before steril-ization, 26. 6% at three months and 16. 4% at one year after operation respectively.Psychosomatic symptoms were verified to be the result of joint effects of multiple riskfactors. The following risk factors were associated with postoperative symptoms:anger-hostility (RR= 33. 71), high suggestibility (RR= 4. 53), high neuroticism (RR= 3. 44), sensitivity to pain (RR = 2. 14) and operative sites (RR = 2. 05). A mathe-matical model to estimate the probability of developing psychosomatic symptoms in ster-ilization was established.Conclusions: More than half of women suffered from psychosomatic reactions beforeoperation, and some of them did not recover after operation. The postoperative psycho-somatic symptoms are the joint effect of multiple risk factors.

  8. 湖南旅游经济空间网络结构特征研究%Research on Structural Characteristics of Spatial Network for Hunan's Tourism Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧玲; 许春晓

    2015-01-01

    借用重力模型思想,基于社会网络方法,对湖南旅游经济空间网络进行密度、中心性、凝聚子群和核心-边缘等分析后发现,湖南旅游经济空间网络表现出结构松散、省会中心性明显、旅游经济空间的吸引范围正在逐步突破以及区域旅游一体化的市场基础好等特征。因而,重视旅游经济空间的均衡发展、发挥省会长沙的带动作用、注重跨界空间的合作、分步推进区域旅游一体化,可优化湖南旅游经济空间网络结构。%It is of great pragmatic and theoretical significance to reveal the structural charac-teristics of spatial network for Hunan's tourism economy and to explore the policies for tourism e-conomy's space development under the guidance of gravity model and on the basis of social net-work method.with an analysis of the density,centrality,cohesive subgroup and core-periphery of its network,the fact comes into sight that spatial network structure of Hunan's tourism econo-my is characterized as follows:loose structure,obvious centrality of provincial capital,expanding tourism attraction scope and regional tourism integration with a good market basis.Therefore, we can optimize the spatial network structure of Hunan's tourism economy in the way importance is attached to the balanced development of tourism space,full play is given to Changsha as a lead-ing role,emphases are placed on the cross-regional cooperation and efforts are made to promote the integration of regional tourism gradually.

  9. Key technology in design and manufacture of formwork jumbo used for horn-shaped portal section of tunnel on passenger-dedicated railway%客运专线隧道喇叭口洞门模板台车设计与制作关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张刚宏; 袁仁爱

    2015-01-01

    采用喇叭口缓冲式结构洞门是解决客运专线大断面隧道空气动力学效应的主要措施,结合沪昆客专长昆湖南段喇叭口隧道洞门实际情况,重点研究隧道衬砌模板台车设计、制作、安装等关键技术,将原隧道模板台车的门架总成、丝杠支撑总成予以改造,解决了客运专线喇叭口洞门衬砌问题。%Horn-shaped buffer structure portal is the main solution for aerodynamic effect of large section tunnel in passenger-dedicated line. Combining with the actual situation of tunnel horn-shaped portal in Changsha-Kunming Hunan province section of Shanghai-Kunming passenger-dedicated line,this paper studied the design,manufacture and installation key technology for formwork jumbo of tunnel lining and improved the portal assembly and screw support assembly of original tunnel formwork jumbo,which could solve the tunnel horn-shaped portal lining in passenger-dedicated line.

  10. Improvement of thermal performance of envelopes for traditional wooden vernacular dwellings of Tujia Minority in Western Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李哲; 石磊; 余志武

    2016-01-01

    Thermal performance of envelopes and indoor thermal environment were technologically improved for traditional wooden vernacular dwellings of Tujia Minority in Western Hunan, China, on the premise of protecting their conventional styles. Thermal insulation boards and wooden boards were added to the interior side of external walls of vernacular dwellings to form two layers of air cavities, so as to gain excellent thermal performance. The indoor temperature of such dwellings after reconstruction was apparently improved compared with the data before reconstruction both in winter and summer, which verified the feasibility and the effectiveness of the reconstruction technologies proposed.

  11. Establishment and Management of Football Field Turf in Changsha%长沙地区足球场草坪的建植与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛迈城; 向佐湘; 黎人萍; 雨奇; 陈信

    2016-01-01

    The universal problems for the turf establishment of football field in Changsha were imperfect sprinkler irrigation and drainage systems,shallow root system and poor traffic tolerance,etc.The turf was established in the Shaping Construc-tion Group football field according to the USGA standards based on the climatic conditions in Hunan province.The results demonstrated that the constructed football field has a reasonable structure,a smooth drainage along with a whole coverage from the sprinkler irrigation system,which caused a high turf quality,deep root system and high traffic tolerance in the es-tablished turf grass in this field.The indexes of turf quality reach or exceed the quality standards recommended by the Chi-nese Football Association,which provide a technical reference for the turf establishment in the football field for the similar regions.%针对目前长沙地区足球场草坪建植中普遍存在的喷灌和排水系统不完善、种植土层含泥量大、草坪根系浅及耐践踏能力差等问题,按照美国 USGA 标准结合湖南气候条件建植了沙坪建筑集团足球场草坪。结果表明:场地结构合理,地下排水系统顺畅,喷灌系统100%覆盖,场地平整,通风透气性好,草坪根系发达,耐践踏性强,草坪叶片纤细光滑,草坪质量高。各项指标达到或超过中足协推荐足球场草坪质量标准,为同类地区足球场草坪建植提供了技术参考。

  12. RT-PCR test for detecting porcine sapovirus in weanling piglets in Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guo-Hua; Li, Run-Cheng; Huang, Ze-Bin; Yang, Jun; Xiao, Chao-Ting; Li, Jing; Li, Man-Xiang; Yan, Yun-Qiu; Yu, Xing-Long

    2012-10-01

    The prevalence of porcine sapovirus infection in weanling pigs was investigated in Hunan Province, China, between August 2006 and October 2007. A total of 153 diarrheic fecal samples from ten intensive pig farms from ten representative administrative regions in Hunan province were examined for porcine sapoviruses using RT-PCR. Twenty-two of 153 (14.37 %) samples were found to contain porcine sapoviruses. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all the porcine sapovirus isolates in Hunan Province belonged to the porcine sapovirus genogroup III. The results of the present investigation have implications for the control of porcine sapovirus infection in pigs in Hunan Province, China.

  13. Analysis on the Optimization of New Rural Social Endowment Insurance in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of the investigation on the status quo of pilot area of rural endowment insurance in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan,farmers’ demand on insuance in the new pilot area of rural endowment insurance is expounded from two aspects:farmers’ awareness on insurance is increasing gradually;farmers’ ability on insuring is increasing.The growing demand of farmers on insuring and the conflicts between the supply of rural endowment insurance and the system construction are analyzed.The problems are inadequate input of funds,low level of social security;imperfect fund-collecting mechanism,serious vacancy;low level of fund management and operation,poor ability of inflation-proofing and appreciation;backward laws and regulations and instability of system.On the strength of the analysis above,the government should innovate and compound fund-collecting mechanism;establish "G-C-F" three-pillar model and set up "BSI" the third party custodian;accelerate the legislation of new rural pension system so as to push forward the optimization of new rural pension insurance system in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan.

  14. An Empirical Study on Transfer Model Influenced by Hunan Dialect in Learning English Consonants%湖南方言对英语辅音习得的迁移模式实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付清

    2015-01-01

    以湖南长沙方言区英语学习者为调查对象,通过个案的描述性研究方法,旨在从英语辅音习得的音段音位方面探讨该区域内英语学习者是如何受本地方言影响的。研究实践表明:对于中国大多数英语学习者来说,他们的母语,尤其是本地方言,对其语音习得的迁移影响尤为明显;因此,采取有效措施促进湘方言正迁移,克服负迁移,有针对性地提高湖南地区学习者的英语语音水平尤为重要。%By analyzing the influence of language transfer on English phonetic learning, this empirical study was intended to explore how local accent makes effect on learning English consonant in Hunan area based on English learnersˊcase analysis in Changsha area. The research showed that for most EFL learners in China, their mother tongue, especially local accent plays a more prominent role in negative transfer on the acquisition of English pronunciation. So we propose some countermeasures of promoting positive transfer and avoiding negative transfer of Xiang dialect in order to upgrade Hunan English learnersˊphonetic ability.

  15. 基于中小企业技术创新需求的特色产业数据库与服务体系构建--以湖南省新材料产业竞争情报服务为例*%Characteristic Industry Database and Service System Construction Based on Technological Innovation Demands of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises-Taking New Material Industry Competitive Intelligence Service in Hunan For Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李维思; 史敏; 肖雪葵

    2013-01-01

      中小企业由于受到人才、技术、资本等资源限制,在技术创新过程中经常产生信息不对称,情报获取困难等问题,所以难以形成核心技术与核心竞争力。文章首先对中小企业技术创新需求进行分析,然后结合湖南省新材料产业的发展情况,构建了新材料产业数据库,为新材料的中小企业提供决策支持。特色数据库建设与竞争情报服务体系在示范应用中获取了较好的社会效益,为科技情报机构服务中小企业提供了方法借鉴。%Limited by the lack of talents, technologies and capitals, the SMEs (smal and medium-sized enterprises) cannot establish core competitiveness beacause of Information asymmetry. In this paper, the demands of technology innovation in SMEs are firstly analysed. Then combined with the development of new material industry in Hunan, new material industry database and service system is constructed to support SMEs' strategy decision. In the demonstration application, the system obtains a good social benefits, and provids referable methods for Science and technology intel igence agency service for SMEs.

  16. The role of enterovirus 71 and coxsackievirus A strains in a large outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease in 2012 in Changsha, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing-Fang Chen

    2014-11-01

    Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that EV-71 was the primary causative agent responsible for the HFMD outbreak in Changsha in 2012, and the co-circulation of other coxsackievirus A strains posed a potential risk to public health.

  17. Prevalence of human papillomavirus and its genotype among 1336 invasive cervical cancer patients in Hunan province, central south China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Linqian; Wu, Baiping; Li, Junjun; Chen, Liyu

    2015-03-01

    Existing data on the genotype distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) are limited in Hunan province, central south China. To evaluate the prevalence of HPV infection and its genotype among women with invasive cervical cancer in Hunan, a total of 1,336 patients were included in this study between July 2012 and June 2013. Eighteen high-risk and eight low-risk genotypes of HPV were detected by Luminex xMAP technology. The results show that HPV prevalence in invasive cervical cancer in Hunan was 75.7%. A single HPV infection was found in 82.3% of the HPV-positive samples, and 91.8% of the cases had high-risk HPV infection. The most common HPV type was HPV 16 (50.6%), followed by HPV 58 (12.4%), HPV 52 (10.9%), HPV 18 (7.3%), HPV 33 (5.5%), HPV 59 (4.2%), HPV 39 (4.0%), HPV 61 (3.4%), HPV 31 (3.3%), and HPV 56 (3.2%). A single infection with HPV 16 was detected in 42.5% of the samples, which was significantly more frequent than any other HPV type in this population. Dual-infection with HPV 16 and HPV 52 were relatively common. The available vaccines for HPV 16 and 18 are therefore expected to have a substantial impact on reducing the burden of cervical cancer in China, even though HPV 18 showed a lower frequency. In addition to HPV 16 and 18, other HPV types including 58, 52, and 33, should be targeted in the next generation HPV vaccines.

  18. [Effects of sleep deprivation on the intelligence structure of school-age children in Changsha, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiang-Yu; Wang, Xiang; Huang, Chao-Quan; Guo, Zi-Ying; Qian, Yan-Fei; Yang, Yan; Tan, Mo; Tan, Xin; Tu, Qiu-Yun; Wang, Lian

    2013-10-01

    To investigate the effects of sleep deprivation on intelligence development in primary school students. Between June 2009 and April 2010, 316 grade 5 students aged 10-11 years were selected from four primary schools in four administrative districts of Changsha, China by stratified random sampling. The intelligence characteristics of children with varying degrees of sleep deprivation were investigated using the Chinese Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. A total of 286 valid questionnaires were received, with a response rate of 90.5%. The survey was comprised of a sleep deprivation group (sleep time intelligence quotient (IQ) (VIQ), performance IQ (PIQ) and full scale IQ (Pchildren with VIQ-PIQ imbalance than the control group. Sleep deprivation adversely affects intelligence development, especially VIQ, in primary school students, and the adverse effects of sleep deprivation are mainly seen in students with moderate and severe sleep deprivation.

  19. Agro-ecosystem Emergy Evolution and Trend in Hunan Province

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Using the emergy analysis method, we conduct trend analysis of changes in the total emergy, input and output structure, various emergy indicators of agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province during the period 1999-2008. The results show that during the study period, total emergy input basically remained stable, but the emergy input structure was constantly optimized, of which the input of non-renewable industrial assistant emergy increased by 38.4%, from 4.00E+22 sej to 5.53E+22 sej, and the input of ...

  20. Analysis of an Abrupt Rainstorm Process in Central Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim is to expound the abrupt rainstorm in the central Hunan Province on May 6 in 2010.[Method] By dint of NCEP 1°×1° reanalysis data,routine observation data,auto-station precipitation and FY-2C satellite data,the large-scale circulation background and physical condition during the large rainstorm period from the night on May 5 to 6 in 2010 were analyzed.The large scale environment,meso-scale characteristics and potential causes for the formation of large precipitation were revealed.By dint ...

  1. Problems in Food Safety of Hunan Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fanfan; OUYANG; Fangming; DENG

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,serious food safety accidents are of frequent occurrence. Although government has taken many practical and feasible measures to contain food safety accidents,new food safety accidents still emerge in large numbers. In this situation,food safety control is a long-term and arduous task to be performed jointly by many government departments. Finally,it presents corresponding countermeasures and recommendations on the basis of current situations of food safety in Hunan Province,problem causes,in combination with control measures related to food safety both at home and abroad.

  2. Design and implementation of remote high performance computing environment in Hunan provincial meteorological bureau%湖南省气象局远程高性能计算环境的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱宏武; 尹新怀; 罗丹; 贺炜; 戴泽军

    2016-01-01

    湖南省气象局依托国家超级计算长沙中心,建立了我省第一个远程高性能计算终端用户。针对远程环境的搭建,首先分析了湖南省气象局在高性能计算方面的需求,然后从省级气象部门业务计算需求出发,重点阐述了以高性能计算机集群“天河一号”为计算资源的远程计算环境的系统架构以及主要技术路线与方法。考虑到远程高性能强大的计算能力和省级气象部门作业提交的复杂需求,又进一步设计了湖南省远程高性能任务调度的系统流程以及保障远程计算环境高速稳定的多层面方案。最后也给出了高分辨率中小尺度 WRF模式在该环境下运行的实际情况,计算速度改善非常明显。%Hunan Provincial Meteorological Bureau has established the first remote high performance computing environment in Hunan province,thanks for the National Supercomputing Center in Changsha. In aspects of building the remote computing environment,this paper analyzes Hunan Provincial Meteorological Bureau�s requirements for high performance computing,and its calculation requirement in meteorological service.This paper focuses on the sys⁃tem architecture,and the technical routes and methods on establishment of a remote computing environment with a high performance computer cluster ( Tianhe⁃1) as the computing resource. Furthermore,give consideration to both the powerful computing capabilities of the remote computing environment and the complicated requirements for the meteorological service at provincial level, we design the corresponding system process of the remote high⁃performance job schedule system,and the multi⁃level solutions to ensure the high speed and stability of remote com⁃puting environment.Finally,we run the small⁃scale WRF model in the remote high performance computing environ⁃ment,and the results are improved obviously in calculation speed and calculation resolution,compared with

  3. Agricultural Risk Assessment of Hunan Flood Disaster Based on GIS%基于GIS的湖南洪涝灾害农业风险评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高霞霞; 苏伟; 谢佰承; 陆魁东; 高曙

    2011-01-01

    利用湖南省1971~2006年的气象观测资料,综合全省98个县市的自然灾害等要素,采用受灾率、成灾率、降水变率、脆弱度、灾害损失率等数据和GIS技术,得出了湖南省洪涝灾害农业风险评估模型,并绘制出风险区划图.结果表明,湖南省洪涝灾害发生地域由北向南转移,风险度概率呈增加之势.最后根据洪涝灾害农业风险度时空分布特征,提出了相应的防灾减灾对策,防御和减轻洪涝灾害,以期能为实现湖南农业可持续发展提供参考和借鉴.%According to the meteorological data of Hunan Province during 1971 -2006, the natural disaster factors of 98 cities and towns in the whole province were summarized, moreover, the data and GIS technology, such as, drought-affected area ratio, drought-suffering area ratio, rate of precipitation variation, vulnerability and disaster loss rate,etc. were utilized. As a result, agricultural risk assessment model of Hunan flood disaster was obtained and the risk block plan was drawn. The results showed that the flood region transferred from south to north in Hunan, and risk probability presented increasing tendency. Finally, the corresponding proposals for disaster prevention and mitigation were put forward to provide the references for Hunan agricultural sustainable development

  4. The Land Management Pattern in " Green Heart" Area——A Case Study of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    By analyzing the status quo of land resources in " green heart" area of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration,and problems existing in land management,this article puts forward some countermeasures and proposals as follows:establish new land management mechanism in " green heart" area;based on land planning," green heart" overall planning and policies and regulations,manage land and promote the protection of urban ecological environment.

  5. Agro-ecosystem Emergy Evolution and Trend in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yu-lin; LI Ming-jie; HOU Mao-zhang; LI Sha; LONG Yu-zi; WANG Mao-xi

    2012-01-01

    Using the emergy analysis method,we conduct trend analysis of changes in the total emergy,input and output structure,various emergy indicators of agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province during the period 1999-2008.The results show that during the study period,total emergy input basically remained stable,but the emergy input structure was constantly optimized,of which the input of non-renewable industrial assistant emergy increased by 38.4%,from 4.00E +22 sej to 5.53E +22 sej,and the input of renewable organic emergy declined from 1.32E +23 sej to 1.20E + 23 sej;total emergy yield and yield efficiency of this system were promoted dramatically,and in 2008,the total emergy yield reached 1.69E +23 sej,increasing by 23.8% as against that in 1999,the net emergy yield ratio rose from 0.79 to 0.96;since the environmental loading ratio also tended to rise constantly,from 1.12 to 1.79,the sustainability index of this system also experienced the slow downward trend,from 0.71 to 0.54,always less than 1,indicating that the agriculture in Hunan Province is the high consumption-driven ecosystem in general,with obvious features of extensive development.

  6. [Establishement for regional pelvic trauma database in Hunan Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Liang; Zhu, Yong; Long, Haitao; Yang, Junxiao; Sun, Buhua; Li, Kanghua

    2017-04-28

    To establish a database for pelvic trauma in Hunan Province, and to start the work of multicenter pelvic trauma registry.
 Methods: To establish the database, literatures relevant to pelvic trauma were screened, the experiences from the established trauma database in China and abroad were learned, and the actual situations for pelvic trauma rescue in Hunan Province were considered. The database for pelvic trauma was established based on the PostgreSQL and the advanced programming language Java 1.6.
 Results: The complex procedure for pelvic trauma rescue was described structurally. The contents for the database included general patient information, injurious condition, prehospital rescue, conditions in admission, treatment in hospital, status on discharge, diagnosis, classification, complication, trauma scoring and therapeutic effect. The database can be accessed through the internet by browser/servicer. The functions for the database include patient information management, data export, history query, progress report, video-image management and personal information management.
 Conclusion: The database with whole life cycle pelvic trauma is successfully established for the first time in China. It is scientific, functional, practical, and user-friendly.

  7. Multimodal approach for the management of Hunan hand syndrome: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxena, Ashok Kumar; Mandhyan, Rajani

    2013-03-01

    Hunan hand syndrome, a form of painful contact dermatitis, is a rare case finding. It is usually seen in people with continuous and prolonged exposure to chili peppers. The main ingredient in chili peppers is capsaicin that leads to the clinical condition, Hunan hand syndrome. This is paradoxical to the use of capsaicin as local application for relief of pain in various clinical situations, such as diabetic neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia. We report a case of Hunan hand syndrome, managed successfully by using a multimodal approach comprised of a continuous stellate ganglion block, gabapentin, local ice water, and fluocinonide application. © 2012 The Authors. Pain Practice © 2012 World Institute of Pain.

  8. Club Drugs and HIV/STD Infection: An Exploratory Analysis among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Changsha, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jun; Zhao, Junshi; He, Jianmei; Zhang, Guoqiang; Tang, Xuemin

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate current club drug use and its potential association with the transmission of HIV/STD among Changsha men who have sex with men (MSM). Method A cross-sectional survey was conducted by using self-administered questionnaires including information regarding socio-demographics, club drug use, high-risk behaviors, and HIV/STD infections. Multiple methods including venue-based, peer referral using “snowball” techniques, and internet advertisements were used to recruit study participants. Results Of the 826 participants, 177 (21.4%) reported that they had used club drugs at some time before or during sex in the past six months. MSM with young age, low education level, and seeking partners through the internet or bars were the main population who used drugs. Poppers were the most common drug used among Changsha MSM. The prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and herpes simplex virus-2 were higher among drug users. There were no significant differences in unprotected sexual intercourse and condom use between drug users and non-users. Compared with non-users, risk behaviors such as group sex, multiple sex partners, and sex with foreigners were more frequent among drug users. Conclusion Club drug use is common among Changsha MSM, and is related to unsafe sex activities and HIV/STD infection. It is necessary to build novel targeted HIV prevention strategies to monitor and reduce club drug use among MSM. PMID:25950912

  9. Evaluation of Comprehensive Agricultural Production Capacity Based on Factor Analysis:A Case Study of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenzhu; RAO

    2013-01-01

    Based on the basic connotation of comprehensive agricultural production capacity,this article establishes the comprehensive agricultural production capacity indicator system on the basis of statistics. This indicator system consists of 5 parts ( input scale of factors,output scale of factors,output rate of factors,ability to resist disaster and ensure production,and modern operation level) and 14 specific indicators. Based on factor analysis method,we use this indicator system to conduct systematic empirical analysis of the level of comprehensive agricultural production capacity in 14 cities and prefectures of Hunan Province. The results show that although the overall level of comprehensive agricultural production capacity in Hunan Province tends to grow continuously and steadily,there are significant inter-regional differences in the level of comprehensive agricultural production capacity; in terms of the level of comprehensive agricultural production capacity,there is great room for improvement. Finally the following policy recommendations are put forward: strengthening balanced regional development and improving the overall level of comprehensive agricultural production capacity; strengthening the building of land carrying capacity; strengthening the building of agricultural ecological balance; strengthening the building of the scientific and technological support capacity.

  10. 湖南省社会林业工程区域评价指标体系研究%Study on the Regional Evaluation Indexes for Hunan Provincial Social Forestry Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷正菊

    2005-01-01

    Centred around 37l indexes including natural environment, human activities, condition of society, economic situation,forest resources, forestry organizations, technology, management and administration, we have investigated 105 counties(cities,districts) in Hunan Province. Eighty three counties out of them were designated for our research objects. For each county,we selected 28 indexes which had directly bearing on our social forestry project such as natural environment, social economy, forest resources. Then through Cluster Analysis and Factor Analysis, we used a social science statistical analysis software(SPSS) to analyze the impact of natural, environmental, social, economical and forest resources' factors on community forestry activities. Based on such work, we have established a set of indexes system for Hunan provincial social forestry project' s regionaleval uation. According to the cluster analysis results and the current situation of the project implementation, Hunan provincial social forestry project could be divided into five types, the results will provide a scientific basis for Hunan provincial social forestry project' s implementation.

  11. The Promotion Status and Development Suggestions of Formula Fertilizer in Changsha%长沙市配方肥推广现状和发展建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓玉; 刘永全; 陈敏; 胡明勇; 张啸

    2016-01-01

    介绍了长沙市2005~2015年配方肥推广现状和成效,总结了其推广经验和做法,并分析了配方肥推广过程中存在的问题,提出了建立测土配方施肥长效机制、加大宣传培训、加快土地流转、加大配方肥补贴、加强肥料监督管理和基层农技推广服务体系建设等加快配方肥推广的建议。%This paper introduced the promotion status and effect of 2005~2015 formula fertilizer in Changsha, summarized the experience and method of work, analyzed the problems in the process of the promotion of the formula fertilizer, put forward the long term mechanism for the establishment of soil testing and formula fertilization, increase publicity and training, speed up the transfer of land, increase formula fertilizer subsidies, strengthen the supervision and management of fertilizer and the construction of agricultural technology extension service system, and any other suggestions of speed up the promotion of formula fertilizer.

  12. Optimization of Talent Incentive Mechanism of Small Business in Changsha%长沙市小微企业人才激励机制的优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳叶; 唐文

    2015-01-01

    小微企业在扩大就业渠道、促进经济增长和社会和谐稳定、提升科技创新能力等方面有着不可替代的作用,对国民经济和社会发展具有重要的战略意义。通过分析长沙小微企业人才激励机制现状及存在的问题,有针对性的提出人才激励机制优化建议,对于小微企业的引进人才、用好人才、留住人才,具有一定的指导意义。%Small businesses play an irreplaceable role in expanding employment channels, promoting economic growth and social harmony and stability, enhance scientific and technological innovation, etc., and has important strategic significance for economic and social development. Through the analysis of small businesses in Changsha talent incentive mechanism and problems of the status quo, optimization recommendations of targeted incentive mechanism are proposed for small businesses, which guides the introduction of talent, making good use of talent, and retaining talent.

  13. Investigation on risk factors for asthma in children in Changsha%长沙地区哮喘儿童高危因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳萍; 段效军; 孟燕妮; 陈璐

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the major risk factors for asthma in children of different ages and to provide epidemiological evidence for the prevention and management of this disease in Changsha. Methods 600 children with asthma aged from 0 to 14 years were selected and assigned into three groups according to the age. The questionnaires developed by Hunan Asthma Collaborative Group were answered by the parents and analyzed by SPSS 15. 0. Results The analysis showed that respiratory infection was the leading risk factor of asthma in children of all ages (x2 = 1. 91, P>0.05). Compared to the olders. younger children were more vulnerable to the environmental factors such as living condition, weather change and passive smoking (x2 = 12. 82, P<0. 05). Allergic history was more contributive to the development of asthma in older children (x2 = 16. 48, P<0. 05). Conclusions Respiratory infection is the major risk factor of asthma in children of all ages. Asthma in younger children can be easily affected by environmental factors, while genetic background is closely related to asthma in the olders.%目的 调查长沙地区不同年龄哮喘儿童的高危因素和各年龄层主要高危因素,为长沙地区儿童哮喘的防治和管理提供流行病学依据.方法 应用湖南省哮喘防治协作组制定的哮喘儿童调查问卷,据整群抽样结果,对长沙地区0~14岁600名儿童,分婴幼儿组、学龄前组、学龄组三个年龄阶段分别进行问卷调查.在家长知情同意后,发放调查问卷,由家长与儿童共同完成调查问卷.由课题组成员收回,采用SPSS 15.0统计学软件包进行统计.采用x2检验,P<0.05为差异有统计学意义.结果 通过问卷调查发现呼吸道感染是诱发各个年龄段哮喘发作的主要危险因素;婴幼儿组儿童受居住房间潮湿、天气变化、居住在主干道边等外界环境因素的影响较大(x2=12.82,14.82,22.02,P均<0.05);学龄前组和学龄组儿童与过敏

  14. Soybean's Scientific Research and Production Development in Hunan Province These 50 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@There are three ecotypes of soybean cultivar in Hunan Province: spring soybean, summer soybean and autumn soybean. Spring soybean has become the leading cultivar used in soybean's commercial production in Hunan these 30-40 years along with the growing improvement of the double-cropping of rice in the province which has reduced the area of the summer and autumn soybean gradually. Soybean produced in the province is almost consumed as processed food.

  15. Energy Consumption by Rural Households in Northern Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Lin; ZHOU Jin; ZHANG Guo-qiang

    2009-01-01

    TKs study was conducted to investigate the household energy consumption in rural districts in northern Hunan and to help explore the sustainable and ecological energy policy.Questionnaires were used to ac-quire the details of energy consumption,and the electricity equivalent calculation was used in the energy statis-tics in four villages.The energy consumption in these four villages is influenced by the economic condition,geo-graphic position and landform and the local custom.The traditional biomass energy and coal briquette are the primary energy source for cooking and heating,but they are used in a very low efficiency and result in poorIAQ.For sustainability,further measures should be taken to optimize the energy consumption with the efficient use of biomass energy,coal and electricity.

  16. Geochemical characteristics of modern hot springs from northwest Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蔚; 张景荣; 胡桂兴; 杨帆; 许祖鸣

    1995-01-01

    The studies of chemical compositions of modern hot spring water and gases,isotopiccompositions of H2O,He,Ar,CH4,CO2 in northwest Hunan show that the chemical characteristics of springwater are markedly different,which indicates the difference of background value of country rocks and the dif-ference of the effect of water-rock reaction.The geothermal systems in the studied regions are middle-hightemperature geothermal systems.The distributions of springs are controlled by the press and press-shearfaults that do not dissect deeply to the mantle.The hot spring water is of meteoric water.The origin of ma-terials in the hot springs is correlated with the sedimentary rocks.

  17. [Landscape character assessment framework in rural area: A case study in Qiaokou, Chang-sha, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Liu, Wen-ping; Yu, Zhen-rong

    2015-05-01

    Based on the concept and methods of landscape character assessment (LCA) in England, this paper applied a complete process of landscape character assessment with a case study in Qiaokou Town, which is located in a typical southern paddy fields area in Changsha City. We drew the landscape character map of Qiaokou Town through desk classification and field survey, identified and compared the key characters of each character area, and proposed suggestions on the improvement and stewardship of landscape characters. The results showed that Qiaokou could be divided into 2 landscape character types and 7 landscape character areas with the main differences in cropland and vegetation pattern as well as aesthetic characters. The case study indicated that LCA could be a critical tool to identify the characteristics in rural area, and provide helpful guidance to protect, restore and maintain the unique culture and characters of rural landscape, which is useful for targeted rural landscape development. In the future, we suggested that the assessment on the effects of landscape construction measures on the ecosystem services should be incorporated in LCA research as well.

  18. Public Perception of Cadaver Organ Donation in Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, A J; Xie, W Z; Luo, J J; Ouyang, W

    2016-10-01

    Our aim was to (1) survey public' perception and attitudes toward organ donation and (2) analyze the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to donate. We developed a questionnaire, and conducted the survey with stratified random sampling. Overall, 600 residents, aged ≥18 who resided in Hunan, and 600 undergraduates from 3 universities in Hunan were surveyed randomly. For this study, 1085 valid questionnaires were completed, with a response rate of 90.4%. Of the 1085 participants, 581 (53.5%) were students, 504 (46.5%) were residents, and 519 (47.8%) were male and 566 (52.2%) female. The mean accuracy rate was 71.96%, and the students' mean accuracy rate was slightly higher than that of the resident population (73.06% vs 70.68%, respectively). The results showed that 82.2% of public support organ donation, and 53.5% were willing to donate their organs after death. Students scored higher than the residents (88% vs 75.6% and 55.6% vs 51.2%). Nearly 1.8% felt that organ donation was against their religion, 14.9% thought it was important to ensure the integrity of the body, 71.7% agreed that organ donation allowed a positive outcome after a person's death, and 61.5% agreed that organ donation represented a continuation of life, to help families cope with grief. Age and gender were related to attitudes. Public knowledge of organ donation and their attitudes were correlated positively (r = 0.666). Public knowledge of organ donation is poor, biased, and incomplete, and based on television, movies, and communication networks. Positive attitudes toward donation displayed in the surveys were not matched by actual organ donation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Effects of Comprehensive High-speed Transportation Hubs on Spatial Structure of Urban Development: A Case Study on Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper, by studying the mechanism of the spatial restructuring of urban development and the effects of comprehensive high-speed transportation hubs on it, analyzes the development trends of comprehensive high-speed transportation in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Area and the impacts of the growing urban area centered on comprehensive high-speed transportation hubs, like airport and high-speed railway station, on the urban development of this area. It also proposes some strategies for the spatial restructuring of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Area in view of the development of the comprehensive high-speed transportation hubs, like Huanghua Airport and Wuhan-Guangzhou High-speed Railway Station.

  20. Study on Vegetation Carbon Storage and Carbon Density of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration%长株潭城市群植被碳贮量与碳密度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振雄; 何华

    2016-01-01

    利用湖南2014年森林资源清查样地资料,采用系统抽样理论,综合运用回归模型方法对长株潭地区绿地植被(乔、灌、草)碳贮量与碳密度进行了研究,为建立碳汇计量监测体系提供可靠数据,以期为科学评价区域植被在碳平衡中的作用提供依据。研究结果表明:长株潭地区植被总碳贮量为47.31 Tg (1Tg=1012g),森林植被碳贮量为39.22 Tg,占植被总量的89.73%,其中乔木层碳贮量占71.7%、灌木层碳贮量占22.8%、草本层碳贮量占5.5%;植被平均碳密度为16.9 t/hm2,森林植被平均碳密度为29.53 t/hm2;自然地理因子与植被碳密度具有明显相关性。%In order to provide reliable data for the measurement and monitoring system of carbon sink ,and e-valuate the role of vegetation in the carbon balance . In this paper,based on original data of Hunan forest continuous inventory in 2014,the vegetation carbon storage and carbon density of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiang-tan urban agglomeration were studied.The results showed that:the total vegetation carbon storage was 47. 31 Tg,forest vegetation carbon storage was 39. 22 Tg,account for 89. 73%;In forest vegetation storage,the carbon storage of tree layer,shrub layer,herb layer account were 71. 7% and 22. 8% and 5. 5% respective-ly;the average vegetation carbon density was 16. 9 t/hm2 ,the average carbon density of forest vegetation was 29. 53 t/hm2 .Natural geographical factors and vegetation carbon density had a significant correlation.

  1. Uncertainty evaluation of the coordinated development of urban human settlement environment and economy in Changsha city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Ying

    2011-01-01

    The coordinated development of human settlement environment and economy is of vital significance to urban sustainable development and urban ecosystem health.Urban human settlement and economic systems exist in urban ecosystems,which are a structural complexity.Therefore the research is being challenged by some uncertain factors between human settlements and economic systems.However most of the researches were focused on its determinate objective aspects and qualitative analyses while less concern on the quantitative evaluation of coordinated development of urban human settlement environment and economy,especially little on its uncertain aspect.At present,the urgent task is to study the coordinated development of urban settlement environment and economy in terms of the effect of uncertainty.This study analyzed the uncertain characteristics,which would be confronted at different stages,such as confirming the index categories,their bound values,and their construction rate,etc.According to the actual urban conditions,many construction principles based on uncertainties are put forward and an indicating system for human settlement and economic evaluation is established.Moreover,the application of fuzzy mathematics presents a new method and a calculation model for the comprehensive assessment of the coordinated development of urban human settlement environment and economy.The application of the method and model in Changsha city of China showed that the assessment results can reflect not only the overall coordination degree of the city,but also the mode of interactive mechanism between urban economic system and human settlement environment.

  2. Epidemiology of Birth Defects Based on a Birth Defect Surveillance System from 2005 to 2014 in Hunan Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donghua Xie

    Full Text Available To describe the epidemiology of birth defects (BDs in perinatal infants in Hunan Province, China, between 2005 and 2014.The BD surveillance data of perinatal infants (for stillbirth, dead fetus or live birth between 28 weeks of gestation and 7 days after birth were collected from 52 registered hospitals of Hunan between 2005 and 2014. The prevalence rates of BDs with 95% confidence interval (CI and crude odds ratio (ORs were calculated to examine the associations of infant gender, maternal age, and region (urban vs rural with BDs.From 2005 to 2014, there were a total of 925413 perinatal infants of which 17753 had BDs, with the average prevalence of 191.84 per 10000 PIs (perinatal infants, showing a significant uptrend. The risks of BDs are higher in urban areas versus rural areas (OR = 1.20, in male infants versus female infants (OR = 1.19, and in mothers above age 35 versus those below age 35 (OR = 1.24. The main five types of BDs are Congenital heart defects (CHD, Other malformation of external ear (OMEE, Polydactyly, Congenital malformation of kidney (CMK, and Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTE. From 2005 to 2014, the prevalence rates (per 10000 PIs of CHD and CMK increased significantly from 22.56 to 74 (OR = 3.29, 95%CI: 2.65-4.11 and from 7.61 to 14.62 (OR = 1.92, 95%CI:1.30-2.84, respectively; the prevalence rates of congenital hydrocephalus and neural tube defects (NTDs decreased significantly from 11.8 to 5.29 (OR = 0.45, 95%CI: 0.31-0.65 and from 7.87 to 1.74 (OR = 0.22, 95%CI: 0.13-0.38, respectively.The prevalence rates of specific BDs in perinatal infants in Hunan have changed in the last decade. Urban pregnant women, male perinatal infants, and mothers above age 35 present different prevalence rates of BDs. Wider use of new diagnosis technology, improving the ability of monitoring, strengthening the publicity and education are important to reduce the prevalence of BDs.

  3. Prevalence of Balantidium coli infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, De-Ming; Lv, Cong-Cong; Tan, Lei; Zhang, Tie-Niu; Yang, Cheng-Zhi; Liu, Yi; Liu, Wei

    2015-12-01

    Balantidium coli is a cosmopolitan parasitic-opportunistic pathogen that can be found throughout the world. However, little information is available about prevalence of B. coli in pigs in China. In the present study, the prevalence of B. coli in pigs was investigated in Hunan province, subtropical China, between January 2012 and August 2014. A total of 3925 diarrheic fecal samples from nine representative administrative regions in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined for the presence of B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites using microscopy after sedimentation with water. The overall prevalence of B. coli in pigs was 36.9 % (1450/3925). The present survey revealed high circulation of B. coli in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses potential threats to human health. The results of the present investigation have important implications for the control of B. coli infections in pigs in Hunan province, subtropical China. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report of B. coli prevalence in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

  4. Study on the Sense of Teaching Efficacy of PE Teachers in Hunan Province%湖南省体育教师教学效能感现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕海龙

    2011-01-01

    Through the method of questionnaire, sense of teaching efficacy of hunan PE teachers was studied in this paper. The result showed that in Hunan province, most of the PE teachers' sense of teaching efficacy level was in the medium standard and even better, and the PE teachers' personal sense of teaching efficacy was better than general sense of teaching efficacy. The PE teachers thought that they could do better in the "teaching goal, content design" and the "teachers and students associates" than doing in the aspects of "teaching strategy methods" and "classroom management" in their teaching; The Changsha local PE teachers' sense of teaching efficacy were significantly better than any other districts ; The PE teachers' teaching efficacy's differences were not significant in gender; but the elementary school PE teachers' sense of teaching efficacy were significantly better than the college and middle school PE teachers', etc.%采用问卷调查法对湖南省体育教师教学效能感进行分析研究,结果表明:湖南省大多数体育教师教学效能感水平处于中等以上;湖南省体育教师个人教学效能感明显优于一般教学效能感.湖南省体育教师认为在自己的教学当中,对于“教学目标、内容设计”和“师生交往”这一环节可以做得比“教学策略方法运用”和“课堂管理”这两个方面要好;长沙市体育教师教学效能感明显优于其它区域;湖南省体育教师教学效能感不存在显著的性别差异;小学体育教师教学效能感显著高于大、中学体育教师等.

  5. Analysis on Opportunities and Challenges of Media Market Development of Hunan Radio and TV%浅析湖南广电传媒市场发展的机遇与挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石莉萍

    2012-01-01

    With the emergence of new media and new technologies,Hunan Radio and Television media market is now facing both new development opportunities and many new challenges.In order to obtain greater and faster development,Hunan Radio and Television media should seize the opportunities,face the challenges and take appropriate countermeasures.%随着新媒体、新技术的出现,三网融合的推进,以及传媒政策的变化等,湖南广电传媒市场既迎来新的发展机遇,也面临不少新的挑战。湖南广电媒体应抓住机遇,正视挑战,采取相应对策,以获得更大更快的发展。

  6. Characteristics of tailings from metal mines in Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yun-guo; ZHANG Hui-zhi; ZENG Guang-ming; HUANG Bao-rong; LI Xin; XU Wei-hua

    2005-01-01

    The tailing soils were from 10 mining areas in Hunan Province. To predict the potential impact of tailings on nearby environments, the characteristics such as the pH value, loss on ignition, cation exchange capacity, and the concentration and speciation of heavy metals in the tailings were investigated. Based on these characteristics, the pollution index and danger index were calculated so as to evaluate the priorities of remediation. The results show that the concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn exceed the tolerable levels of the phytotoxicity in the most tailings. The large proportion of heavy metals exists in the form of residual fraction in most tailings, followed by sulfides/organic and Fe/Mn oxide fractions, and a little in the exchangeable and carbonate fraction. The calculated pollution indices for the tailing samples range from 1.41 to 83.42, which indicates that all the tailings contain heavy metals at a level that causes toxicity to the ecosystem. The danger indices for the tailing samples range from 0.06 to 387.00. The highest value of the danger indices is that of Yongzhou sample, reaching 387.00; the lowest one is that of Xikuangshan sample, only 0.06. Considering the results of pollution index and danger index in combination, the priority of remediation is determined to be Yongzhou, Baoshan, Xiangtan and Lengshuijiang.

  7. 如何把湖南建成有影响的区域文化中心%Exploration of Hunan Becoming the Regional Cultural Center with Reputation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周正刚

    2012-01-01

      The regional cultural center is a prosperous land with cultural production and service, it is also a resource of cultural innovation and creation and radiation of cultural force and impact. To build Hunan into a regional cultural center is definitely to clear the developing direction and to make the top design and to explore the new way of the cultural advance that is implemented step by step. It is to speed up the construction of the central cultural city of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan and to flourish the county-level culture to constitut the regional cultural center and to establish the cultural industry and institution, to develop cultural resouces and project, to nurse the cultural brand and cultue celebrity and to complete the system and law act of local culture.%  区域文化中心是文化生产和服务的繁华地、文化创新和创造的发源地、文化实力和文化影响的集辐地。把湖南建成区域文化中心,必须准确定位,明确发展思路,进行顶层设计,探索区域文化发展新路,分阶段分步骤实施。要加快把长株潭建设为区域文化中心城市,进一步繁荣发展县域文化,构建有利于形成区域文化中心的体制机制,打造大型文化企业和文化机构,大力开发文化资源和文化项目,着力培育文化品牌和文化名家,建立适应区域文化中心建设的政策法规和制度。

  8. Seroprevalence of porcine cytomegalovirus and sapovirus infection in pigs in Hunan province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guo-Hua; Li, Run-Cheng; Li, Jing; Huang, Ze-Bin; Xiao, Chao-Ting; Luo, Wei; Ge, Meng; Jiang, Da-Liang; Yu, Xing-Long

    2012-03-01

    The seroprevalence of porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) and sapovirus (SaV) infections in pigs was investigated in Hunan province, China, between May 2005 and October 2010. A total of 500 pig serum samples collected from 10 representative administrative regions in Hunan province were evaluated for antibodies against PCMV and SaV using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The overall seroprevalence of porcine cytomegalovirus and sapovirus in pigs was 96.40% (482/500) and 63.40% (317/500), and the seropositivity of 10 herds we surveyed varied, ranging from 94.74% to 98.48% and 56.36% to 72.50%, respectively. The highest prevalence was found in breeding sows (96.67% for PCMV and 83.33% for SaVs). The results of the present survey indicated that infections with porcine cytomegalovirus and sapovirus are highly prevalent in pigs in Hunan province, China.

  9. Performance Evaluation of Rural Cooperative Economic Organizations in Hunan Province Based on Structural Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Naman; YANG

    2015-01-01

    Using the method of structural equation and balanced scorecard,this paper establishes the evaluation indicators and evaluation model for the performance of 21 rural cooperative economic organizations in X City of Hunan Province,and analyzes the relationship between indicators and dimensions of performance evaluation indicators,in order to find the influencing factors,obstacles and successful experience concerning the development of rural cooperative economic organizations. According to model analysis and conclusions,this paper sets forth the recommendations for promoting the development of rural cooperative economic organizations in Hunan Province,in order to provide a scientific basis for the institutional design and mechanism innovation of rural cooperative economic organizations in Hunan Province.

  10. Research on the Consumption Function of Rural Residents in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on literature review,according to relevant consumption data in Hunan Statistical Yearbook and China Statistical Yearbook during1978-2009,the thesis selects three indexes involving the average income per rural resident,per capita living expenses of rural residents and percapita savings to conduct the unit root and co-integration test on the consumption and net income per rural residents in Hunan Province by adoptingthe generalized difference method and EVIEWS6.0,then according to the Modigliani Hypothesis of Consumption,Duesenberry Hypothesis of Con-sumption and Keynes Absolute Income Hypothesis,the thesis makes a fitting of Hunan consumption function model,aiming to find out the consump-tion function model suitable to Hunan Province.The results show that,Keynesian consumption function based on Absolute Income Hypothesis pas-ses the statistical test and econometric test,while the consumption function model based on Relative Income Hypothesis and that based on Life Cy-cle Hypothesis do not,which proves that the consumption function model based on Absolute Income Hypothesis is better suited for describing the re-lations between rural consumption and income in Hunan Province.Taking into account the low marginal propensity of consumption of the rural resi-dents in Hunan Province,the thesis proposes to expand consumption demand of rural residents:firstly,developing characteristic economy and im-proving the income level of rural residents;secondly,perfecting the social security system in rural areas and maintaining the consumption confi-dence of rural residents;thirdly,ameliorating the circulation system.

  11. Treatment default and death among tuberculosis patients in Hunan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abuaku, Benjamin; Tan, Hongzhuan; Li, Xingli; Chen, Mengshi; Huang, Xin

    2010-04-01

    We used the 2005 and 2006 national surveillance data to elucidate some of the risk factors for treatment default and death among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Hunan, China. Risk of default was higher in males (odds ratio (OR) 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08, 1.44); lowest in patients aged 15-24 y (OR 0.60; 95% CI 0.49, 0.75), and generally increased with increasing age; lower in patients living in cities with per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of less than 1000 US$ (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.49, 0.72), and increased with increasing per capita GDP of city of residence; and higher in patients with previously treated smear-positive pulmonary TB (diagnostic category II according to the World Health Organization definition; OR 1.99; 95% CI 1.22, 3.23). Risk of death was lowest in patients aged 15-24 y (OR 0.07; 95% CI 0.05, 0.10), and increased with increasing age; lower in new cases (OR 0.50; 95% CI 0.33, 0.76); and highest in patients who treated themselves (OR 3.47; 95% CI 1.27, 9.46). We conclude that male TB patients, elderly TB patients, patients resident in cities with higher per capita GDP, and patients receiving category II treatment need special attention to reduce TB treatment default in the province. Furthermore, elderly TB patients and patients with a long history of TB need special attention to reduce mortality. Self-treatment also needs to be discouraged to reduce mortality.

  12. [Estimation of Hunan forest carbon density based on spectral mixture analysis of MODIS data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, En-ping; Lin, Hui; Wang, Guang-xing; Chen, Zhen-xiong

    2015-11-01

    With the fast development of remote sensing technology, combining forest inventory sample plot data and remotely sensed images has become a widely used method to map forest carbon density. However, the existence of mixed pixels often impedes the improvement of forest carbon density mapping, especially when low spatial resolution images such as MODIS are used. In this study, MODIS images and national forest inventory sample plot data were used to conduct the study of estimation for forest carbon density. Linear spectral mixture analysis with and without constraint, and nonlinear spectral mixture analysis were compared to derive the fractions of different land use and land cover (LULC) types. Then sequential Gaussian co-simulation algorithm with and without the fraction images from spectral mixture analyses were employed to estimate forest carbon density of Hunan Province. Results showed that 1) Linear spectral mixture analysis with constraint, leading to a mean RMSE of 0.002, more accurately estimated the fractions of LULC types than linear spectral and nonlinear spectral mixture analyses; 2) Integrating spectral mixture analysis model and sequential Gaussian co-simulation algorithm increased the estimation accuracy of forest carbon density to 81.5% from 74.1%, and decreased the RMSE to 5.18 from 7.26; and 3) The mean value of forest carbon density for the province was 30.06 t · hm(-2), ranging from 0.00 to 67.35 t · hm(-2). This implied that the spectral mixture analysis provided a great potential to increase the estimation accuracy of forest carbon density on regional and global level.

  13. Hunan Province College Women's Basketball Athletes’ Physical Training Present Situation and Analysis%湖南省大学生女子篮球运动员体能训练现状与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗艳

    2013-01-01

    篮球体能是一种完成,实现技战术或比赛的身体能力。体能训练的具体作用体现在以下诸方面:充分发展身体素质,保证有机体适应大负荷训练和比赛的需要有利于掌握复杂、先进的技术和战术,预防伤病,延长运动寿命。分析湖南省大学生女子篮球体能训练现状,并分析影响湖南省大学生女子篮球体能训练的因素,制定出适合湖南省大学生女子篮球队体能训练自身特点的体能训练计划,为最终改善湖南省大学生女子篮球体能训练的质量提供合理化建议。%Basketball is a complete physical, realize the tactics or match physical skills. Physical stamina training of the specific function reflects in the following aspects:full body quality, ensure organisms to adapt to the big load training and games need helps to grasp complex, advanced technology and tactics prevent injuries, prolong service life movement. Analysis of the college students in Hunan province women's basketball physical training in present situation, and Hunan province of analysis on college students' women's basketball physical stamina training factors, work out the suitable for college students in Hunan province women's basketball team physical stamina training their own characteristics of physical training plan, which improve college students in Hunan province women's basketball physical stamina training quality provide rational Suggestions.

  14. MICA/B genotyping of Tujias from Zhangjiajie, Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y J; Zhang, N J; Chen, E; Chen, C J; Bu, Y H; Yu, P

    2016-04-01

    One hundred eighty-seven Tujia individuals from Zhangjiajie, Hunan Province, China were genotyped at the MICA and MICB loci using polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific priming and sequencing-based typing methods. MICA and MCB genotypes are consistent with expected HW proportions. These genotype data are available in the Allele Frequencies Net Database.

  15. Radiation Impact to Environment of Non-nuclear Industry in Hunan,Hubei and Jiangxi Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG; Wei-jie; CHENG; Wei-ya

    2015-01-01

    According to the gas,liquid effluent monitoring and survey results of non nuclear industry in Hunan,Hubei and Jiangxi provinces,the radiation effects of which on the surrounding environment were analysis and evaluation.Evaluation industrials includes three coal-fired power plants,two rare earth ores,two cement factories,one

  16. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Sows in Hunan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Xu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in animals and humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of T. gondii has been reported in many animals in China, little is known of T. gondii infection in sows. Antibodies to T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, were examined using indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT. Overall, 31.3% (373/1191 of the examined sows were seropositive for T. gondii. Among 11 representative regions of Hunan province, the seroprevalence ranged from 14.8% to 45.1%. In addition, the T. gondii seroprevalence was higher in summer (37.4% and autumn (34.9% than in spring (24.6% and winter (23.9%. Regarding different antibody titers, the seroprevalence ranged from 1.8% (titer ≥ 1 : 1024 to 17.4% (titer = 1 : 64. The findings of the present investigation revealed the high seroprevalence of T. gondii in sows in Hunan province, China, which poses a potential risk for T. gondii infection in humans and animals in this province. Therefore, effective measures should be taken to prevent and control toxoplasmosis of pigs in this province. This is the first report of the comprehensive survey of T. gondii seroprevalence in sows in Hunan Province, subtropical China.

  17. High seroprevalence of Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao-Xuan; Li, Run-Cheng; Liu, Guo-Hua; Cong, Wei; Song, Hui-Qun; Yu, Xing-Long; Zhu, Xing-Quan

    2014-04-01

    Chlamydia spp. are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria, which are responsible for significant public health problems in humans and have major economic impact on animals. In the present study, the seroprevalence of Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, was examined using indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA). Antibodies to Chlamydia were detected in 747 of 1,191 (62.7%, 95% CI 60-65.5) serum samples (IHA titer ≥ 1:16). The Chlamydia seroprevalence ranged from 35% (95% CI 25.7-44.4) to 77.1% (95% CI 69.1-85.2) among different regions in Hunan province, and the differences were statistically significant (P Chlamydia infection in sows was higher in summer (75.7%, 95% CI 71.3-80) and spring (63.2%, 95% CI 57.5-68.8) than in autumn (56.9%, 95% CI 51.5-62.3) and winter (48.6%, 95% CI 42-55.3), and the differences were statistically significant (P Chlamydia infection in sows in Hunan province, subtropical China, which poses a potential risk for human infection with Chlamydia in this province. This is the first report of Chlamydia seroprevalence in sows over the last two decades in Hunan province, subtropical China.

  18. 论长沙金砖国家博览会的筹办%On Hosting Changsha BRICS Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佩良

    2012-01-01

    长沙作为中部最具发展潜力的省会城市,亟须一个综合性会展项目的支撑。举办金砖国家博览会是一个很好的选择,具有紧迫性,亦具有可行性。该选题开发空间大,经过主题演绎,不断创新,可打造成一项有国际影响力的展会品牌。%As a potential provincial capital city of central China, Changsha needs an integrated MICE project. Holding BRICS Expo is a wise choice, which is pressing and feasible. For its good potential, the BRICS Expo can be developed into an international MICE brand after continuous deduction and innovation.

  19. 湖南旅游产业发展中的环境保护问题%Development of the Environment Protection of Hunan Tourism Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王巧玲; 黄国芳; 傅航

    2012-01-01

    根据湖南旅游产业现有条件、特征、规律,从湖南省旅游资源优化利用、旅游产业环保化理念、旅游产业经济和环境资源保护和谐发展技术三方面探讨湖南旅游产业的发展。寻求环保旅游理念,在提高旅游活动质量、不降低旅游产业经济指标的前提下,促使旅游产业和自然环境协同发展。%In this paper, the harmonious development of hunan tourism industry was investigated from hunan tourism resources optimization use, the tourism industry environmental protection concept, the tourism industry economic and environmental resources protection technology three aspects according to the existing conditions, characteristics and law. The aim of this work is to seek environmental tourism concept and promote the tourism industry and the coordinated development of the natural environment on the premise of improving the quality of tourism activities and no reducing the tourism industry economic indicators.

  20. Experiment and Application of Baojing Purple Sand from Hunan for Pottery Fabrication%湖南保靖县紫砂陶成瓷试验及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳小胜; 袁勇; 江良; 饶宗旺; 朱俊

    2011-01-01

    对湖南省保靖县的紫砂陶进行了化学成分分析以及瓷坯配方的试验,确定了优化配方。其中利用当地原料(含紫砂陶、镁质粘土)的用量,高达80%,生产出具有热稳定性高、造型新颖、美观且有良好保健作用的紫砂陶制品,从而为湖南保靖县大量开发紫砂陶矿提供了科学依据。%Chemical composition of purple sand from Bojing,Hunan was analyzed,and then the optimized body formula was obtained through experiments.Finally the purple sand pottery products with high thermal stability,novel shapes and good health effects were produced with 80% local materials(including purple sand and magnesia clay),which can provide technological reference for the utilization of purple sand from Baojing,Hunan.

  1. 培矮64S在湖南和海南的育性差异分析%Analysis of Fertility Differences of Peiai 64S in Hunan and Hainan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周伟; 宁金花; 孙系巍

    2012-01-01

    [目的]研究2010年不育系培矮645在海南、湖南2个不同的气候区域的育性表现,分析其育性差异,确定其适宜的制种区域.[方法]在长沙设定8个播期,分别为:3月20、30日,4月10、30日.5月15日,6月1、10、20日,在海南设13个播期,分别为1月28,2月12、27、3月14、29日,4月13、28日,5月13、28日,6月12日,7月1、12、27日.常规管理.记录参试品种的抽穗期,以抽穗前0~25d(相当于花粉母细胞减数分裂期)的日平均气温、日最高气温、日最低气温、日照长度等气候要素为指标分析不同气候因子对花粉育性的影响,确定光、温敏感期.[结果]同一不育系在不同的气候区域其敏感期存在很大差异.培矮64S在湖南长沙敏感期处在后4期内,即第Ⅴ、Ⅵ、Ⅶ、Ⅷ期内(0~13 d);在海南海口的敏感期处在前4期,即第Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ期内(13 ~25 d).自然条件下,在海口,培矮64S花粉不育度均>99.5%,自交结实率都<0.5%,制种比较安全;在湖南,培矮64S花粉不育度在21.3%~100.0%,制种安全系数较海南低.[结论]不育系培矮64S在长沙制种安全系数较海南低.%[Objective] The purpose was to atudy and analyze the diffidence of Peiai 64S fertility expression in two different climatic regions, Hainan and Hunan in 2010, and confirm the suitable region for its production of hybrid seeds. [Method] Eight sowing times were designed, March 20th and 30th, April 10th and 30th, May 15th, June 1th, 10th and 20th, respectively in Changsha, Hunan; And thirteen sowing times were designed, January 28th, February 12th and 27th, March 14th and 29th, April 13th and 28th, May 13th and 28th, June 12th, July 1th, 12th and 27th, respectively. Peiai 64S was generally managed and recorded head sprouting stage during cultivation, and the effects of different climate influencing factors, such as average daily temperature, average daily highest temperature, average daily lowest temperature

  2. 长沙市休闲旅游产业可持续发展初探%Changsha leisure tourism industry sustainable development probing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨培涛; 安永刚

    2012-01-01

    Based on the basic theory of landscape ec-ology and combined with fundamental features of leisure and tourism industry,this paper built up an evaluation system for sustainable development of tourism industry in Changsha city.The bearing capacity of resource in leisure and tourism industry in different urban areas in Changsha was profoundly analysed,and the choices of leisure and tourism industry in Changsha city for sustainable development was provided in this paper.%本文以景观生态学的基本理论为指导,结合长沙市休闲旅游产业的基本特点,构建了长沙市旅游业可持续发展的评价体系,深刻分析了长沙城区各区休闲旅游业资源承载力,为长沙市休闲旅游产业可持续发展提供了选择路径。

  3. 长沙城市土地扩张特征及影响因素%The influencing factors of urban land expansion in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国华; 贺艳华

    2007-01-01

    This research systematically analyses land-use map of Changsha city in different periods of time. The spatial form and structural evolution was analysed by studying indices such as city land-use structure proportion, expansion intensity, economic flexibility, population flexibility, changing compactness index and so on. The dynamic mechanism of urban land expansion has been discussed by integrating the regional social economy development situation and many aspects such as the physiographical surrounding, population and economic development, traffic infrastructure, planning and regional development tactic and system innovation. The research indicates that the urban land expansion speed and intensity have steadily increased in Changsha from 1949 to 2004. The expansion form has been from a single external expansion to a combination form of external and internal expansion, from a circular or linear continuous form to a blocky or agglomeration shape. Overall, the urban land expansion of Changsha city is a phasic, diversified and complex process. And no matter what the stage is, it is an organic system containing multiple speed, pattern and shape, which are driven by multiple impetuses. The dominant feature at different stages was highlighted because of the balance and fluctuation between different forces, and the existing urban land border and shape have resulted from the joint efforts of these phasic forces.

  4. Discussion on the Ecological Greening and Construction Quality Management in Urban Residential Areas: Taking the Landscape Engineering Project of Long International ~ Seal of Hunan Province for Example%浅谈城市楼盘的生态绿化和施工质量管理——以湖南省中隆国际·御玺景观工程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡国雄

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces the construction of a natural ecological green landscape in the residential area by Guangzhou construction team in Changsha city of Hunan Province. Taking the local environmental cinditions into consideration, the project adopts many effective construction techniques including using native tree species, transplanting large trees with whole canopy, tree bark recycling and water purification plants. It maintains the original natural environment while building a residential landscape. It also adopts high standard construction and management is also conducted. It is a good example and may become a new trend for local landscaping construction.%湖南省中隆国际·御玺景观工程是广州施工团队针对湖南长沙的环境条件,采用野生乡土树种大树全冠移植、树皮回收利用和植物水体净化等多项施工技术而建成的自然生态的楼盘绿地景观,并在此基础上进行高质量的园林绿化施工管理,具有较好的示范作用。

  5. A new species of Megophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Megophry-idae from the northwestern Hunan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoyang MO, Youhui SHEN, Honghui LI, Xiushan WU

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Megophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Megophryidae, Megophrys tuberogranulatus Shen, Mo et Li, sp. nov. (Holotype HNUL 03080902, adult male, SVL: 38.2 mm, from Sangzhi County, Hunan Province, is described. Megophrys tuberogranulatus is closely related to both Megophrys kuatunensis and Megophrys minor. Characters of the new species that differentiate this species from close relatives are skin granulated with big tubercles on the dorsal sides of both thigh and tibia, the bigger inner metacarpal tubercle, upper eyelid wider than the interorbital space, hind limbs longer, overlapping of the left and right calcaneal parts. The type specimens are deposited in the Animal Museum of Life Sciences College of Hunan Normal University [Current Zoology 56 (4: 432–436, 2010].

  6. Job dissatisfaction and burnout of nurses in Hunan, China: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wenjuan; He, Guoping; Wang, Honghong; He, Ying; Yuan, Qun; Liu, Dan

    2015-12-01

    In this study, we focused on measuring levels of nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction in the daily practice of nurses in Hunan province, China, analyzed factors related to nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction, and explored the relationship between them. Previous studies have shown a high level of burnout and job dissatisfaction among nurses worldwide. A cross-sectional survey of 1100 nurses was conducted. The nurses worked at 20 hospitals in 11 cities and counties throughout China's Hunan province. Nurse burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Nurse-rated job dissatisfaction was described using a four point scale, and work environment was measured using the Nursing Work Index - Practice Environment Scale. The results showed that nurses had high burnout scores and were dissatisfied with their jobs. Staffing, work environment, and work hours were all significantly associated with nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction. Adequate staffing, improved work environment, and reasonable work hours are related to decreasing nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction.

  7. Evaluation on the Development of Agricultural Circular Economy in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using conceptual model of BPEIR(Behavior-Pressure-Effect-Impact-Response) and Delphi method,we establish the evaluation index system of agricultural circular economy including four indices,namely index of socio-economic development,index of reducing input of resources,index of recycling of resources and index of safety of environment and resources.We conduct comprehensive evaluation on developmental level of agricultural circular economy from 1998 to 2007 in Hunan Province.The analysis results show that the agricultural circular economy of Hunan Province from 1998 to 2007,on the whole,has the tendency of development with annual growth rate of 1.89%.The annual decrease rate of recycling of resources and reducing input of resources from 1999 to 2003 is 25% and 11% respectively,which has become the main factor impeding development of agricultural circular economy.After the year 2003,it is mainly reducing input of resources.

  8. GEOCHEMISTRY OF BASALT AND XENOLITHS AND ITS DEEP PROCESS IN DAOXIAN COUNTY,HUNAN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KONG Hua; XI Xiao-shuang; JIN Zhen-min; HUANG De-zhi

    2001-01-01

    @@ Deep xenolith are important samples for us to know composition and nature of the deep crust.There are many new volcanos which can all kinds of xenoliths such as a lower crustal graulite,and upper mantle-derived peridolite and lherzolite.In eastern China,there occured many deep xenoliths in Mesozoic-Cenzoic alkaline basalt.Besides these,some small volcanos eruptions were founded in southern Hunan province,which age is about 132-151 Ma.

  9. Preliminary Analysis of Competency Assessment of Organ Donation Coordinators in Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, A; Xie, W; Luo, J; Deng, X

    The organ donation coordinator is indispensable in the process of organ donation and transplantation. The competency of coordinators is closely related to the organ donation rate. 1) To construct a competency assessment system for organ donation coordinators; and 2) to evaluate the competency level of coordinators in Hunan province. We constructed the competency model framework for coordinators based on the McClelland competency model and then extracted and screened the competency indicators by interview and Delphi methods. Next, we determined the weight of the indicators by an analytic hierarchy process method. Finally, we evaluated the competency level of 42 coordinators in Hunan province with the use of our assessment system. 1) We constructed the competency evaluation system for organ donation coordinators, which included 6 dimensions and 21 competency indicators. 2) The average competency score of 42 coordinators was 79.43 ± 8.51. Five coordinators were at qualified level (11.9%), 18 at moderate level (42.9%), 12 at good level (25.6%), and 7 at excellent level (16.7%). 1) This competency evaluation system for organ donation coordinators will provide scientific evidence for human resource management in health institutions. 2) The organ donation coordinators in Hunan were qualified, but their number was insufficient. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Regional Division of Production and Development Strategy of Citrus in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu YANG; Wen DENG; Jianquan LI; Weihong WANG; Guolin HUANG; Ping ZHANG

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to research regional division of citrus production and development strategies in Hunan Province. [Method] According to Rural Statisti- cal Yearbook in Hunan Province during 2002-2011, Citrus in Hunan province were divided into three production regions, namely, superior region, sub-superior and non- superior region. On the base of the divisions, the ecological regionalization and brand strategy, Optimization of regional distribution and developing strategy were proposed, with consideration of avoiding frozen zones, in this paper. [Result] Fresh and processing bases of mandarin orange (C.unshiu Marc), and specialty industries of seedless ponkan(C.reticulata Blanco), Bingtang orange (C.sinensis Osbeck Bing- tangcheng), Dayongjuhuaxinyou (Cgrandis (L.) Osbeck Dayongjuhuaxinyou) and An- jiangxiangyou (C.grandis (L.) Osbeck Anjiangxiangyou) should be constructed, where fresh fruit is dominant, supplemented by canned fruit and juice. Industry belt of sat- suma orange, fresh or processing food, is mainly built, for proportion of early and earlier ripe satsuma orange is over 50% of total yield in Xiangzhong citrus zone; in- dustry belt of excellent fresh navel orange and processing sweet orange should be highlighted in Xiangnan. [Conclusion] The research provides references for decision- making for governments, especially on optimization of citrus production regions and development of citrus industry.

  11. Atmospheric moisture variability and transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Changsha City, Mainland China, 1991-2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Xiao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS is influenced by environmental determinants. This study aimed to explore the association between atmospheric moisture variability and the transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS for the period of 1991-2010 in Changsha, China. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Wavelet analyses were performed by using monthly reported time series data of HFRS cases to detect and quantify the periodicity of HFRS. A generalized linear model with a Poisson distribution and a log link model were used to quantify the relationship between climate and HFRS cases, highlighting the importance of moisture conditions. There was a continuous annual oscillation mode and multi-annual cycle around 3-4 years from 1994 to 1999. There was a significant association of HFRS incidence with moisture conditions and the Multivariate El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index (MEI. Particularly, atmospheric moisture has a significant effect on the propagation of HFRS; annual incidence of HFRS was positively correlated with annual precipitation and annual mean absolute humidity. CONCLUSIONS: The final model had good accuracy in forecasting the occurrence of HFRS and moisture condition can be used in disease surveillance and risk management to provide early warning of potential epidemics of this disease.

  12. Risk management for optimal land use planning integrating ecosystem services values: A case study in Changsha, Middle China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Jie; Zhong, Minzhou; Zeng, Guangming; Chen, Gaojie; Hua, Shanshan; Li, Xiaodong; Yuan, Yujie; Wu, Haipeng; Gao, Xiang

    2017-02-01

    Land-use change has direct impact on ecosystem services and alters ecosystem services values (ESVs). Ecosystem services analysis is beneficial for land management and decisions. However, the application of ESVs for decision-making in land use decisions is scarce. In this paper, a method, integrating ESVs to balance future ecosystem-service benefit and risk, is developed to optimize investment in land for ecological conservation in land use planning. Using ecological conservation in land use planning in Changsha as an example, ESVs is regarded as the expected ecosystem-service benefit. And uncertainty of land use change is regarded as risk. This method can optimize allocation of investment in land to improve ecological benefit. The result shows that investment should be partial to Liuyang City to get higher benefit. The investment should also be shifted from Liuyang City to other regions to reduce risk. In practice, lower limit and upper limit for weight distribution, which affects optimal outcome and selection of investment allocation, should be set in investment. This method can reveal the optimal spatial allocation of investment to maximize the expected ecosystem-service benefit at a given level of risk or minimize risk at a given level of expected ecosystem-service benefit. Our results of optimal analyses highlight tradeoffs between future ecosystem-service benefit and uncertainty of land use change in land use decisions.

  13. On the Path Options of Hunan Life- long Education System Construction%构建湖南终身教育体系的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓波

    2012-01-01

    构建终身教育体系是推进湖南四化两型建设的必然选择。目前,湖南社会经济、文化教育的快速发展,为构建终身教育体系奠定了经济和物质基础;信息化建设的快速发展,为构建终身教育体系提供了技术支撑。构建湖南终身教育体系,应加强和完善国民教育体系并充分发挥其在终身教育体系建设中的基础作用,大力发展继续教育以满足社会成员对学习的需求,积极发展社区教育以充分发挥其终身教育主阵地作用,发展老年教育以完善终身教育的体系结构,加强教育信息化建设以提升终身教育现代化水平。%The construction of a lifelong education system is an inevitable choice in promoting Hunan Four modernizations and Types Construction. Hunan socio - economic, cultural and educational rapid development of a system of lifelong education, laid the e- conomic and material basis. The rapid development of information construction provides technical support for the lifelong education sys- tem construction. Strengthen and improve the national education system, give full play to the fundamental role in the lifelong education system; Great efforts to develop continuing education to meet the learning needs of the members of society; Actively to the development of community education, and give full play to the role of the main front of lifelong education; The development of old - age education, improve the structure of the system of lifelong education; Strengthen education, information technology, to enhance life - long education level of modernization; is an effective way of promoting Hunan lifelong education system.

  14. ‘培矮64S’在长沙、海口、南昌三地的育性差异分析%Fertility Differences Analysis of Hybrid Rice ‘ Pei’ai64S' in Changsha, Haikou and Nanchang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁金花; 张艳贵; 宋忠华

    2013-01-01

    为了分析同一的超级杂交稻在不同气候区域的育性表现,以不育系‘培矮64S’为材料,研究其在海南、湖南、江西3个气候区域的育性表现.结果表明,同一不育系在不同的气候区域其敏感期存在很大差异,‘培矮64S’在湖南长沙敏感期在开花前的0~8天之内,既第Ⅶ期和Ⅷ期;在海南海口的敏感期处在开花前的13~19天之内.既第Ⅲ期和Ⅳ期;在江西南昌的敏感期处在开花前的15~20天之内,既第Ⅲ期和Ⅳ期.自然条件下,不育系‘培矮64S’在长沙,从2010年7月17日至10月7日不育度都在>98.0%以上,其他时段波动很大;在海口,从2010年5月11日至10月18日不育度均>99.5%,自交结实率均<0.5%,偶有波动;在南昌,从2010年7月12日至10月11日不育度都在>97.0%以上,自交结实在0.00%~0.85%之间波动.由此可见,在海南海口制种最安全,而且育性稳定时间最长,长达5个月.%In order to analyze the fertility expression of one kind of super hybrid rice, we selected the photo-/ thermo-sensitive genetic male lines 'Pei' ai 64S\\ three different climatic regions were Hainan, Hunan and Jiangxi. The results showed that, the same CMS in different climatic regions there was a big difference in their sensitive period, 'Pei' ai 64S' in Changsha the sensitive periods in the 0-8 days before flowering, ie VI, W period. In Haikou the 1, IV periods were the sensitive period; In Jiangxi, the HI, IV periods were the sensitive period. Under natural conditions, CMS 64S in Changsha in 2010 from July 17 to October 7, pollen sterility almost all of > 98.0%, other time fluctuate large. In Haikou, from May 11 to October 18 in 2010. The pollen sterility were greater than 99.50% from 11 May to 18 October, seed-setting rates all less than 0.50%. In Nanchang in 2010 from July 12 to October 11, pollen sterility almost all of > 97.0%, seed-setting rates fluctuate between from 0.00% to 0.85%. Thus, the

  15. 湖南有机农业营销模式研究%Hunan Organic Agriculture Marketing Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石小燕

    2013-01-01

    食品安全问题已经引起公众的广泛关注,发展有机农业是解决这一问题的重要途径。湖南是我国农业大省,本研究以湖南省为研究对象,首先对湖南省有机农业的营销模式特点进行分析,然后对湖南省现有的有机农业营销模式中存在的问题进行分析,最后提出湖南省构建有机农业营销模式的对策。%Food safety issues has caused wide public concern, the development of organic agriculture is an important way to solve this problem. Hunan is a major agricultural province in this study as the research object of Hunan, first of organic agriculture in Hunan marketing model analysis of the characteristics and organic agriculture in Hunan existing marketing model to analyze the problems, finally Hunan marketing model to build organic agriculture countermeasures.

  16. Analysis of the Tea Art Features in Hunan%论湘茶茶艺的特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王杉; 周婷; 董昭; 蒋琴娟; 朱海燕

    2016-01-01

    This paper researches the characteristies that developped from tea art of Hunan tea in three cointexts:drink type of Hunan tea. Study suggested that tea art of Hunan tea have distinct characteristics of various forms and extensive subjects by means of the abandant customs of drinking tea in Hunan,various products and profound culture, it is one of the important carriers of “loyalty,responsibility,truth seeking and aim high”of Hunan spirit culture in new period.%从湘茶饮用形式、茶艺主题以及湘茶茶艺的文化精神三个角度研究了湘茶茶艺所形成的特色。研究认为,湘茶茶艺借助着湖南丰富的茶饮习俗、多样的产品、深厚的文化,有着形式多样、主题广泛等鲜明的特色,是“忠诚、担当、求是、图强”新时期湖南精神文化的重要载体之一。

  17. RISK ZONING OF FLOOD DISASTER ALONG XIANGJIANG RIVER IN HUNAN PROVINCE%湘江湖南段洪水灾害综合风险区划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫宏伟; 李少青; 陶建军; 刘晗; 肖志坤

    2011-01-01

    Risk zoning of flood disaster is the base of flood risk management.The advance in resolution of data can guide flood control,and flood insurance in a macroscopic view is available.Taking the catchment area along Xiangjiang River in Hunan Province as an example,and on the basis of elementary principles of natural disasters risk assessment,calculative model was established to obtain comprehensive flood disaster risk value which was computed by the integrated dangerous degree and comprehensive socio-economic vulnerability.Based on 30 m ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model(GDEM) data,climate data from 37 meteorological stations during 1971 to 2006,and 2008 socioeconomic statistic data,with the support of ArcGIS and quantitative geo-science methods,the regionalization map of comprehensive risk of flood disaster in study area was drawn by calculating proportion of risk areas.The regionalization map divided general risk assessed results mainly into four grades,that is,the lower risk region,moderate risk region,higher risk region and the highest risk regions.The results show that the highest integrated dangerous degree of flood disaster areas are mainly distributed in Xiangyin and Chang-Zhu-Tan region which along the lower reaches of Xiangjiang River.The highest comprehensive socioeconomic vulnerability areas is distributed in urban that in high population density.Xiangyin,Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan and Hengyang belong to the highest comprehensive flood disaster risk areas.The results can provide quantitatively theoretic basis for environmental management and ecological risk decision-making.%以湘江湖南段河流沿线地区为例,基于自然灾害风险评价的基本原理构建了洪水灾害综合风险值计算模型,即综合危险度和综合社会经济易损度的叠加。利用研究区全球数字高程模型(GDEM)数据、1971~2007年地面气象站观测数据和2008年社会经济统计数据等,借助地理信息系统(GIS)技术和地学

  18. Research of Hunan Inbound Tourism Market Based on the Market Competitive State and Its Transfer Model%基于竞争态及其转移模型的湖南省入境旅游市场研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄明元; 吴艾

    2015-01-01

    以1997-2013年湖南省及其各市州相关数据为基础,运用旅游市场竞争态及其转移模型分析湖南省入境旅游客源市场及其各市州目的地市场的竞争态。结果表明:日本、港澳台和美国是湖南入境旅游的主力军,幼童市场和瘦狗市场占绝大部分,市场结构不平衡;在目的地市场方面,长沙、张家界和岳阳一直占主导地位,郴州是入境发展的新兴市场,幼童市场和瘦狗市场动荡起伏,具有巨大的发展潜力;湖南入境旅游得到了很大发展,但在区域合作、产品创新、市场挖掘等方面仍有很大的提升空间。%Based on the related data from 1997 to 2013 , the tourism market competitive state and its transfer model is used to analyze the inbound tourism market of Hunan province . The results show that Japan , Hong Kong , Macao , Taiwan and the United States are the main forces of inbound tourism . With child market (market with high increase rate but low occupancy rate ) and dogs market (market with low occupancy and increase rate) occupying most , market structure is not balanced . In terms of destination market , Changsha , Zhangjiajie and Yueyang are standing the dominant position while Chenzhou is an emerging market . Child market and dogs market are volatile and have huge development potential . Inbound tourism has greatly developed , but it still has great room to improve in regional cooperation , product innovation and explore market and so on .

  19. SWOT Analysis Based on the Analysis of Tourism Development in Changsha Sports%于SWOT分析的长沙体育旅游发展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷慧; 欧阳新辉; 何鹏超

    2011-01-01

    结合体育旅游的特点以及长沙市的本土特色,基于SWOT分析法对长沙体育旅游的发展进行了探讨和研究,初步得出长沙发展体育旅游具有区位、资源、交通、客源、媒介宣传等优势;自身劣势包括体育赛事级别不高且没有形成常态化,项目形式单一并缺乏地方特色,专业人才匮乏,旅游管理水平落后,政策法规有待完善等;需要把握的机会有体验经济时代、老龄化、两型社会构建、政府支持等;面临的威胁有大型体育赛事较少、自然环境保护威胁、旅游地安全保障措施不健全等。针对SWOT分析结果,提出长沙市体育旅游业的发展对策。%Combined with the characteristics of sports tourism and the local characteristics of Changsha, The development of sports tourism and the exploration-based on SWOT analysis of Changsha, the initial development of sports tourism has come to Changsha, location, resources, traffic, tourists, media campaigns and other advantages; their own weaknesses, including sporting events is not high and did not form a level normalization, the form of a single project and the lack of local characteristics, lack of professionals, tourism management is backward, policies and regulations need to be improved, etc.; need to seize the opportunity to have the experience economy, an aging, two building society, government support; threats have less large-scale sporting events, threatening the natural environment, tourism and other security measures are not perfect. SWOT analysis for the proposed development of sports tourism Changsha countermeasures.

  20. A Study of the "Desertion" Slips from Zoumalou in Changsha City%长沙市走马楼出土“叛走”简探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎石生

    2003-01-01

    During the Three Kingdoms period featuring split, turbulence and frequent wars, population desertion was serious in the Wu Kingdom. Based on the "desertion" slips recently unearthed from Zoumalou in Changsha City and relevant literary records, the present paper makes a preliminary study of related problems, including the status of the deserting population, the cause of desertion and the Wu government's measures against deserting acts. The author holds that despite severe punishments administered to put down transgressors, the main factors of population desertion could not be eliminated. In the late reign of the Wu Kingdom, this phenomenon became even more serious, endangering the stability and existence of the Wu power.

  1. Thermoluminescent Dates of the Ancient Ceramics Unearthed from Changsha%长沙出土古代陶瓷器的热释光年代

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚革联; 彭格林; 刘顺生

    2003-01-01

    Determining the absolute dates of specimens by means of thermoluminescent analysis is an important method to the dating of cultural relics unearthed from archaeological explorations. Using the fine-grain thermoluminescent method, the authors analyzed ancient ceramics unearthed from two sites of capital construction in Changsha City. They obtained 15 dates, of which the relative errors account for 8% and two data are unacceptable. Research on the factors of the errors indicates that the application of thermoluminescent analysis in the dating of specimens requires some preconditions and that the fine-grain method, therefore, has its limitations.

  2. estimation and Projection of hIV/AIds epidemic and Treatment demand in Beijing and hunan Province with spectrum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning Ma; Guo-wu Liu; and Ning Wang; Min Liu; Min Zheng; Xi Chen; Hong-yan Lu; Hong-guang Chen; Jun Zheng; Gui-ying Li; Juan Wang

    2013-01-01

    Objective To estimate the HIV/AIDS epidemic and treatment demand and predict the situation in the next ifve years with Spectrum. Methods Using Spectrum (version:3.54) to estimate the number of new HIV infections, number of people living with HIV, need for ART in adults and children, need for PMTCT and cotrimoxazole in Beijing and Hunan Province. Data used in the model including high-risk populations monitoring data and demographic information, was collected from Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hunan Center for Disease Control and Prevention and extracted from statistical yearbooks and published literatures. Results Few new HIV/AIDS were reported in Beijing prior to 1994, however, the number of HIV infections was increasing rapidly from 1995 to 2008, and decreased after that, increased rapidly again after 2012. The number of patients who need antiretroviral treatment was increasing among the group aged between 15-49 years with young patients aged 15-24 years peaked in 2010 and decreased rapidly after that. Few HIV-infected patients were reported before 1997 in Hunan Province, and the number of new infections was increasing rapidly since 1998. The number of patients who need antiretroviral treatment was increasing among the group aged between 15-49 years since 2000 with young patients aged 15-24 years in need of antiretroviral therapy increasing continuously. Conclusions After HIV infection was ifrst founded in Beijing and Hunan Province, there was a slow growth and then a rapid growth of HIV epidemic. According to prediction of Spectrum, the demand for antiretroviral therapy in Beijing would begin to decline since 2011, meanwhile, the HIV epidemic in Hunan Province would enter a rapid growth period with the demand for antiviral therapy continuing to increase. In this study, Spectrum was applied to estimate the HIV epidemic situation and need for treatment in the next ifve years in Beijing and Hunan Province. It provides the basis for health

  3. From Abstinence to Relapse: A Preliminary Qualitative Study of Drug Users in a Compulsory Drug Rehabilitation Center in Changsha, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Mei; Mamy, Jules; Gao, Pengcheng; Xiao, Shuiyuan

    2015-01-01

    Relapse among abstinent drug users is normal. Several factors are related to relapse, but it remains unclear what individuals' actual life circumstances are during periods of abstinence, and how these circumstances facilitate or prevent relapse. To illuminate drug users' experiences during abstinence periods and explore the real-life catalysts and inhibitors contributing to drug use relapse. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 drug users recruited from a compulsory isolated drug rehabilitation center in Changsha. The interviews were guided by open-ended questions on individuals' experiences in drug use initiation, getting addicted, treatment history, social environment, abstinence, and relapse. Participants were also encouraged to share their own stories. Interviews were digitally recorded and fully transcribed. The data of 18 participants who reported abstinence experiences before admission were included in the analyses. The data were analyzed using a thematic analysis with inductive hand coding to derive themes. Most drug users were able to successfully abstain from drugs. During abstinence, their lives were congested with challenges, such as adverse socioeconomic conditions, poor family/social support, interpersonal conflicts, and stigma and discrimination, all of which kept them excluded from mainstream society. Furthermore, the police's system of ID card registration, which identifies individuals as drug users, worsened already grave situations. Relapse triggers reported by the participants focused mainly on negative feelings, interpersonal conflicts, and stressful events. Craving was experienced but not perceived as a relapse trigger by most participants. This study of in-depth interview with drug users found evidence of situations and environments they live during abstinence appear rather disadvantaged, making it extremely difficult for them to remain abstinent. Comprehensive programs on relapse prevention that acknowledge these

  4. From Abstinence to Relapse: A Preliminary Qualitative Study of Drug Users in a Compulsory Drug Rehabilitation Center in Changsha, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mei Yang

    Full Text Available Relapse among abstinent drug users is normal. Several factors are related to relapse, but it remains unclear what individuals' actual life circumstances are during periods of abstinence, and how these circumstances facilitate or prevent relapse.To illuminate drug users' experiences during abstinence periods and explore the real-life catalysts and inhibitors contributing to drug use relapse.Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 drug users recruited from a compulsory isolated drug rehabilitation center in Changsha. The interviews were guided by open-ended questions on individuals' experiences in drug use initiation, getting addicted, treatment history, social environment, abstinence, and relapse. Participants were also encouraged to share their own stories. Interviews were digitally recorded and fully transcribed. The data of 18 participants who reported abstinence experiences before admission were included in the analyses. The data were analyzed using a thematic analysis with inductive hand coding to derive themes.Most drug users were able to successfully abstain from drugs. During abstinence, their lives were congested with challenges, such as adverse socioeconomic conditions, poor family/social support, interpersonal conflicts, and stigma and discrimination, all of which kept them excluded from mainstream society. Furthermore, the police's system of ID card registration, which identifies individuals as drug users, worsened already grave situations. Relapse triggers reported by the participants focused mainly on negative feelings, interpersonal conflicts, and stressful events. Craving was experienced but not perceived as a relapse trigger by most participants.This study of in-depth interview with drug users found evidence of situations and environments they live during abstinence appear rather disadvantaged, making it extremely difficult for them to remain abstinent. Comprehensive programs on relapse prevention that acknowledge

  5. Relationships between serum omentin-1, body fat mass and bone mineral density in healthy Chinese male adults in Changsha area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, X P; Zeng, S; Wang, M; Wu, X P; Liao, E Y

    2014-10-01

    The present study is firstly designed to identify the relationship between serum omentin-1 concentration, body fat mass and bone mineral density in healthy Chinese male adults in Changsha city. A total of 219 (20-80 years old) healthy subjects were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum omentin-1, adiponectin, leptin, resistin and bone turn over biochemical markers were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bone mineral density (BMD) and fat body composition were determined using dual-energy-X-ray absorptiometry. Serum omentin-1 levels in the overweight subjects were significantly lower than those of the subjects with normal weight (p fat body mass (FBM, r = -0.430), fat % (r = -0.408), trunk fat (-0.431). However, after controlling for age, BMI and FBM, no significant correlation was noticed between omentin-1 and BMD at different skeletal sites. Pearson's correlation coefficients and partial correlation coefficients after adjustment showed no significant correlations between omentin-1 and bone turn over biochemical markers, including bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and bone cross-linked N-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen. Multiple line stepwise regression analysis revealed that FBM, WHR, adiponectin were important variables affecting omentin-1. Moreover, lean tissue mass was the most important factor affecting BMD and explained 10.5-14.7 % of the variance. Omentin-1, leptin and resistin were not the predictors of BMD. Serum omentin-1 was negatively correlated with FBM and BMI in healthy Chinese male adults, It was not significantly correlated with bone turnover biochemical markers. Omentin-1 may exert ambiguous effects on BMD, which maybe caused by the complex interactions among adipokines, hormonal activity, and body composition and bone metabolism.

  6. Analysis on the Disastrous Weather of Serious Drought in Northwest Hunan in Summer and Autumn of 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to analyze the disastrous weather of serious drought in Northwest Hunan in summer and autumn of 2009.[Method] According to the meteorological data in Zhangjiajie of Northwest Hunan during the drought period from June to September,2009,the disaster characteristics of continuous drought in summer and autumn were analyzed.Based on NCEP/NCAR 2.5°×2.5° reanalysis data,by using the climatic diagnostic method,the formation reason of serious drought was initially analyzed from the cir...

  7. Effects of sea surface temperature anomaly on flooding events in Hunan province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xinjia; Wang, Ming

    2016-04-01

    This study investigated the effect of sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) on flood-season precipitation in Hunan Province (the main grain-producing area in China) and change trend of the related flooding events. Based on the observation data of flood seasons in 44 stations of Hunan province from 1970-2013 and the sea surface temperature (SST) dataset from the Met Office Hadley Center, the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, power spectrum analysis and correlation analytical method have been conducted to identify the key time and marine regions which influence flood-season rainfall distribution. According to these analyses, two main spatial patterns of precipitation have been observed. The first and remarkable pattern is generally distributed uniformly throughout the region and is characterized by a 2-3-year and 20-23-year periods. The decadal variability has a negative correlation with the summer SSTA in the Indian Ocean near the equator, while the interannual variability is associated with the previous autumn and winter SSTA in the eastern Pacific. The second pattern illustrates dry-wet difference, indicating a north-to-south opposite, in a 3-year periods. The key area for influencing this mode is distributed in the Equator Pacific especially in the previous autumn and winter (known as ENSO). Furthermore, based on the EOF results of precipitation, we introduced the historical flooding event records of Hunan province and developed the spatial distribution maps and probability density curves for the direct economic losses in the years of anomaly and normal rainfall. The results reveal that the anomaly years suffer more serious losses and there is a corresponding relationship between north-to-south opposite precipitation mode and regional economic loss differences. With the function of illustrating the variation trend of hazards and the critical influence factor, these results are the data foundation for flood risk assessment. It can be used as a

  8. Quantitative analysis of burden of bacillary dysentery associated with floods in Hunan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuena; Liu, Zhidong; Zhang, Ying; Jiang, Baofa

    2016-03-15

    Jishou and Huaihua, two cities in the west of Hunan Province, had suffered from severe floods because of long-lasting and heavy rainfall during the end of June and July 2012. However, the Disability Adjusted of Life Years (DALYs) of bacillary dysentery caused by the floods have not been examined before. The study aimed to quantify the impact of the floods on the burden of bacillary dysentery in Hunan, China. A unidirectional case-crossover study was firstly conducted to determine the relationship between daily cases of bacillary dysentery and the floods in Jishou and Huaihua of Hunan Province in 2012. Odds ratios (ORs) estimated by conditional logistic regression were used to quantify the risk of the floods on the disease. The years lived with disability (YLDs) of bacillary dysentery attributable to floods were then estimated based on the WHO framework to calculate potential impact fraction in the Burden of Disease study. Multivariable analysis showed that floods were significantly associated with an increased risk of the number of cases of bacillary dysentery (OR=3.270, 95% CI: 1.299-8.228 in Jishou; OR=2.212, 95% CI: 1.052-4.650 in Huaihua). The strongest effect was shown with a 1-day lag in Jishou and a 4-day lag in Huaihua. Attributable YLD per 1000 of bacillary dysentery due to the floods was 0.0296 in Jishou and 0.0157 in Huaihua. Our study confirms that floods have significantly increased the risks of bacillary dysentery in the study areas. In addition, a sudden and severe flooding with a shorter duration may cause more burdens of bacillary dysentery than a persistent and moderate flooding. Public health preparation and intervention programs should be taken to reduce and prevent a potential risk of bacillary dysentery epidemics after floods. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. GEOCHEMISTRY OF BASALT AND XENOLITHS AND ITS DEEP PROCESS IN DAOXIAN COUNTY,HUNAN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KONG; Hua; XI; Xiao-shuang; JIN; Zhen-min; HUANG; De-zhi

    2001-01-01

    Deep xenolith are important samples for us to know composition and nature of the deep crust.There are many new volcanos which can all kinds of xenoliths such as a lower crustal graulite,and upper mantle-derived peridolite and lherzolite.In eastern China,there occured many deep xenoliths in Mesozoic-Cenzoic alkaline basalt.Besides these,some small volcanos eruptions were founded in southern Hunan province,which age is about 132-151 Ma.……

  10. Affinities and functional morphology of the Middle Cambrian ornamented tubules from West Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Caifa; DONG Xiping

    2004-01-01

    Problematic phosphatic tubular microfossils with ornamented sculptures are documented to exist in limestones of the upper Middle Cambrian Huaqiao Formation at the Paibi section and the Wangcun section in West Hunan, China. Two morphological patterns, including Ornamented Tube Form I and Ornamented Tube Form II are described. Based on the analysis of the preservation, wall structure and composition of the fossils, it is deduced that these ornamented tubes may represent carapace spines of some Cambrian arthropods with phosphatic carapaces, such as bradoriid crustaceans. Analysis of functional morphology indicates that the sclerites may rather be considered of a defensive than grasping function on the original organism body.

  11. Sm-Nd isotope dating of hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit, Central Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The research on Samarium-Neodymium isotope systematics of hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit, Central Hunan, places precise timing constraints on the Sb mineralization in this area. It is revealed that the Xikuangshan deposit formed during the late Jurassic-early Cretaceous Period, the early- and late- stage mineralization took place at (155.5 ± 1.1) Ma and (124.1 ± 3.7) Ma, respectively. The accurate age determination of mineralization is very crucial for revealing the super-enrichment mechanism of the element Sb at the Xikuangshan mine, and lays some foundations for the further understandings of its ore genesis and mineralization mechanism.

  12. Current Development Situations and Countermeasures for Tobacco Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinbin; LUO; Jianqiang; XU

    2013-01-01

    This paper firstly introduces development history of China’s farmers’ specialized cooperatives and connotation and mechanism of tobacco farmers’ specialized cooperatives. Then, it analyzes current development situations of tobacco farmers’ specialized cooperatives in Hunan Province. On the basis of analysis, it puts forward development countermeasures, including realizing circulation of tobacco land, strengthening propaganda of laws on tobacco farmers’ specialized cooperatives, increasing operation effect of tobacco farmers’ specialized cooperatives, enhancing guidance and supervision of tobacco farmers’ specialized cooperatives, as well as improving specialized service level.

  13. Audience Positioning of Changsha Bus Mobile TV%长沙公交移动电视的受众定位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 许长青

    2011-01-01

    长沙公交移动电视的受众群体在年龄特征、职业特征、收入情况、地域构成上独具特点,其接受心理则包括求新求快心理、娱乐趣味心理、实用便捷心理、消极抵触心理。与此同时,长沙公交移动电视的受众是在移动状态、封闭状态、被动状态、休闲状态下参与传播的。%The audiences of Changsha Bus Mobile TV have their own unique characteristics in age, occupation, income and geographic composition. They have the reception psychology of seeking novelty and speed, entertainment and fun, practical and convenience, negative and conflict. At the same time, the audiences of Changsha Bus Mobile TV are in moving and closed state and receive information passively and leisurely.

  14. Investigating the effects of food available and climatic variables on the animal host density of hemorrhagic Fever with renal syndrome in changsha, china.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Xiao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS is influenced by population dynamics of its main host, rodents. It is therefore important to better understand rodents' characteristic in epidemic areas. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We examined the potential impact of food available and climatic variability on HFRS rodent host and developed forecasting models. Monthly rodent density of HFRS host and climate data in Changsha from January 2004 to December 2011 were obtained. Monthly normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI and temperature vegetation dryness index (TVDI for rice paddies were extracted from MODIS data. Cross-correlation analysis were carried out to explore correlation between climatic variables and food available with monthly rodent data. We used auto-regressive integrated moving average model with explanatory variables to examine the independent contribution of climatic variables and food supply to rodent density. The results indicated that relative rodent density of HFRS host was significantly correlated with monthly mean temperatures, monthly accumulative precipitation, TVDI and NDVI with lags of 1-6 months. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Food available plays a significant role in population fluctuations of HFRS host in Changsha. The model developed in this study has implications for HFRS control and prevention.

  15. Investigating the effects of food available and climatic variables on the animal host density of hemorrhagic Fever with renal syndrome in changsha, china.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Hong; Liu, Hai-Ning; Gao, Li-Dong; Huang, Cun-Rui; Li, Zhou; Lin, Xiao-Ling; Chen, Bi-Yun; Tian, Huai-Yu

    2013-01-01

    The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is influenced by population dynamics of its main host, rodents. It is therefore important to better understand rodents' characteristic in epidemic areas. We examined the potential impact of food available and climatic variability on HFRS rodent host and developed forecasting models. Monthly rodent density of HFRS host and climate data in Changsha from January 2004 to December 2011 were obtained. Monthly normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and temperature vegetation dryness index (TVDI) for rice paddies were extracted from MODIS data. Cross-correlation analysis were carried out to explore correlation between climatic variables and food available with monthly rodent data. We used auto-regressive integrated moving average model with explanatory variables to examine the independent contribution of climatic variables and food supply to rodent density. The results indicated that relative rodent density of HFRS host was significantly correlated with monthly mean temperatures, monthly accumulative precipitation, TVDI and NDVI with lags of 1-6 months. Food available plays a significant role in population fluctuations of HFRS host in Changsha. The model developed in this study has implications for HFRS control and prevention.

  16. Research the urbanization of Changsha based on ecological footprint%基于生态足迹的长沙市城市化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段汝航; 杨乔木; 刘陈

    2016-01-01

    Based on Changsha Statistical Yearbook,collect relevant data,apply ecological footprint approach to quantita-tively calculate the level of urbanization. At the same time,the ecological footprint of arable land,forest land,river wa-ter,grassland,construction land,energy supply to the six major categories of bio productive land summarized as two parts of biological resources consumption and energy consumption,and according to the data acquisition and the actual situation, select the 22 indicators,by setting the balance factor,to calculate and summarize the per capita ecological footprint of Changsha City from 2008 to 2012.At the same time the level of urbanization is divided into four measures,the population urbanization,economy urbanization,lifestyle urbanization,geographical landscape urbanization.Combined with the actual Changsha,selecting 17 representative indicators,using the model of urbanization measurement calculated urbanization level of Changsha City from 2008 to 2012,then using linear regression analyzed the ecological footprint and urbanization level, comprehensive analyzed the dynamic changes in the ecological environment as well as the problems in the process of urbani-zation.Reasonable and effective recommendations for the future development of urbanization were put forward to guide the sustainable development of Changsha,and provide scientific basis for planning decisions.%通过查阅长沙市统计年鉴,搜集相关数据资料,应用生态足迹的方法对城市化水平进行定量计算,把生态足迹中涉及的可耕地、林地、河流水域、草地、建设用地、能源提供地六大类生物生产性土地概括为生物资源消费和能源消费两部分,根据数据资料的获取和实际情况,选取其中22个指标,通过设置均衡因子,进行计算汇总得出长沙市2008—2012年的人均生态足迹;同时将城市化水平分为人口城市化、经济城市化、生活方式城市化、地域景观

  17. The Causes Analysis of Urban Heat Island in Changsha%长沙城市热岛的成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康文星; 李进; 吴耀兴; 何介南; 李硕

    2012-01-01

    In order to develop the technical measures to alleviate the heat island effects in Changsha City, data set collected with method of test and investigation was analyzed the causes of heat island effects in urban area of Changsha City. The results showed that: urban heat island effect intensity was enhanced with the construction of the expansion of urban areas, and the scope and expansion trend of heat island effect was consistent with construction and development of urban areas; internal structure within the urban and urban surface characteristics of thermal properties was. The basic foundation of urban heat island effects; artificially increasing the urban heat, which increased the urban heat in the atmosphere, promoted the formation of urban heat island effect; emissions of air pollutants and dust, adopting the 'dust cover' or 'hood' in the form of low coverage layer in atmosphere air, enabled the heat island effect through blocking long-wave radiation from the earth surface and, in turn, increasing the atmospheric long-wave radiation to the ground; weather and climate conditions played an important role in the presence of Changsha urban heat island effects. Changsha urban heat island effect generally happened in the conditions of sunny, no wind (or breeze), stable atmospheric stratification, and weak air turbulence. On the contrast, the heat island phenomenon of Changsha City did not happen under weather conditions of severe vertical movement of air, or duration of rainfall, precipitation, or earth surface wind speed over 4 m/s.%为了缓解长沙热岛效应的技术措施的制定,利用调查试验等基本数据,对长沙市热岛形成原因进行分析.结果表明:长沙城市热岛强度随建城区面积的扩大而加强,热岛效应影响的范围和向外扩展的趋势与城市建城区的轮廓及城市向外发展的趋势相一致;长沙城区内部结构特征和下垫面的热性质为城市热岛的形成奠定了基础;城区人为热源

  18. [Emergy of agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province: evolution and trend].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yu-Lin; Li, Ming-Jie

    2012-02-01

    By using emergy analysis method, a trend analysis was made on the total emergy, its input-output structure, and emergy indices of the agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province of South-central China from 1999 to 2008. In the study period, the available total emergy input of the ecosystem was basically maintained at a stable level, but the input structure changed with the input of non-renewable industrial auxiliary emergy increased from 4.00E+22 sej in 1999 to 5.53E+22 sej in 2008, while that of renewable organic emergy decreased from 1.32E+23 sej to 1.20E+23 sej. Both the total emergy output and the output efficiency of the ecosystem had a great increase, with the total output reached 1.69E+23 sej in 2008, which was 23.8% higher than that in 1999, and the net output ratio increased from 0.79 to 0.96. Owing to the ever-increasing trend of the environmental loading ratio which was from 1.12 to 1.79, the sustainable development index of the ecosystem presented a decreasing trend, from 0.71 to 0.54, indicating that the agriculture in Hunan Province was overall belonged to the type of ecosystem driven by high consumption, and had relatively apparent extensive development characteristics.

  19. Estimating health damage cost from secondary sulfate particles - a case study of Hunan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Ji-ming; LI Ji; YE Xue-mei; ZHU Tian-le

    2003-01-01

    China's coal-dominated energy pattern has resulted in large amount of SO2 emissions. Estimate of the sulfur-related health damage cost is necessary to help perform systematic cost-benefit analysis and set national energy and emissions control priorities. Current researches were confined to gaseous SO2 in urban areas; however, secondary sulfate (SO42-) particles can exert serious impact in a wider region. Based on the concept of "intake fraction", CALPUFF long-range dispersion model and 180 sample emission sources, multiple regression equation was obtained with good correlation(r=0.85), which illustrates that populations were key parameters to determine intake fraction but source characteristics were insignificant. Based on the formula and the population distribution data, county-level intake fractions were mapped for Hunan Province(range: 1.1×10-6-3.2×10-6) of China. A combination of county-level SO2 emissions with the intake fractions yields a total 1.98 tons of sulfate(SO42-) inhalation, and resulting total health damage cost to be 0.76(willingness to pay approach) or 0.16(human capital approach) billion USD in 1997, about 2.1% or 0.45% of GDP in Hunan in 1997. Average health damage cost per ton of SO2 emission is 930(willingness to pay approach) or 200 USD(human capital approach). The results demonstrated that more stringent regulation should be forced.

  20. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology of Indosinian granites in Hunan Province and its petrogenetic implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yuejun; FAN Weiming; LIANG Xinquan; PENG Touping; SHI Yuruo

    2005-01-01

    The SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology of three typically Indosinian granitic plutons with peraluminous and potassium-rich affinities (Tangshi ultraunit for Weishan and Baimashan, and Longtan ultraunit for Guandimiao) is presented in Hunan Province, South China. The analyses of zircons from biotite monozonite granites for Weishan, Baimashan and Guandimiao plutons show the single and tight clusters on the concordia, and yield the weighted mean 206Pb/238U ages of 244±4, 243±3 and 239±3 Ma, respectively, representing the crystallized ages of these Indosinian granites. These data suggest that the Indosinian granitic plutons as previously thought formed at a narrow age span. In combination with other data, it is inferred that the Indosinian granites within the South China Block probably distributed in Hunan, Jiangxi, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces as planar shape, and were the derivation of the crustal materials in the intracontinental thickening setting. These precisely geochronological data provide important constraints for better understanding the spatiotemporal pattern of the Indosinian peraluminous granites and early Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the South China Block.

  1. [Prediction model of health workforce and beds in county hospitals of Hunan by multiple linear regression].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Ru; Liu, Jiawang

    2011-12-01

    To construct prediction model for health workforce and hospital beds in county hospitals of Hunan by multiple linear regression. We surveyed 16 counties in Hunan with stratified random sampling according to uniform questionnaires,and multiple linear regression analysis with 20 quotas selected by literature view was done. Independent variables in the multiple linear regression model on medical personnels in county hospitals included the counties' urban residents' income, crude death rate, medical beds, business occupancy, professional equipment value, the number of devices valued above 10 000 yuan, fixed assets, long-term debt, medical income, medical expenses, outpatient and emergency visits, hospital visits, actual available bed days, and utilization rate of hospital beds. Independent variables in the multiple linear regression model on county hospital beds included the the population of aged 65 and above in the counties, disposable income of urban residents, medical personnel of medical institutions in county area, business occupancy, the total value of professional equipment, fixed assets, long-term debt, medical income, medical expenses, outpatient and emergency visits, hospital visits, actual available bed days, utilization rate of hospital beds, and length of hospitalization. The prediction model shows good explanatory and fitting, and may be used for short- and mid-term forecasting.

  2. GEOLOGICAL MARKS OF A POSSIBLE EXTRATERRESTRIAL IMPACT EVENT ON THE BOUNDARY BETWEEN SINIAN/CAMBRIAN IN TIANMENSHAN IN WESTERN HUNAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Huaiyong; WANG Daojing; CHEN Guanghao; YIN Hanhui

    2004-01-01

    Geologic marks related to extraterrestrial impact events, such as impact split gravels, impact brecciate layers, impact dikes, microirghizites, microtektites, especially meteoritic residues, were discovered on the boundary between Sinian/Cambrian at Tianmenshan of Western Hunan, which may possibly demonstrate that an extraterrestrial impact event has ever occurred there on the S/C boundary.

  3. 长沙电力通信网应急通信方案及其组建%Emergency communication scheme of Changsha electric power communication network and it's establishment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟奕博

    2013-01-01

    长沙电力通信网是基于光纤传输的有线通信网络,其抵御冰灾等不可预知的自然灾害和外力破坏的能力较弱,且很难在短时间内恢复,从而影响甚至中断电力通信网通信,严重威胁着长沙电网的安全稳定运行。因此,组建长沙电网应急无线通信势在必行。经过前期对长沙电力通信网组网特点的分析和对无线通信设备资料的反复研究,最终以无线电通信的方式实现了长沙电力应急通信系统的组建,从而提高了长沙电力通信网的抗灾能力。%Changsha electric power communication network is a wire communication network based on optical fiber transmission.Its a-bility to withstand unpredictable natural disasters and the external force damage is weak and is difficult to recover in a short time,which affect the operation of network. Therefore,it is imperative to establish Changsha power grid emergency wireless communication.After a study of the characteristics of the Changsha electric power communication network and the wireless data communication equipment,we finally completed the system form of Changsha electric power emergency communication system in the form of wireless communication, so as to improve the vulnerability of Changsha electric power communication network.

  4. 论湖南黑茶在华东地区营销市场的发展%Marketing Development of Hunan Dark Tea in East China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟涛

    2012-01-01

      湖南黑茶在华东市场处于快速发展期,本文从湖南黑茶在华东市场的发展现状和湖南黑茶的优势入手,分析湖南黑茶在发展过程中应该注意的问题以及在华东市场的发展前景。%  Hunan dark tea is developing rapidly in East China, this article analyzed the development status in East China market of Hunan Dark Tea, the advantages of Hunan Dark Tea, the problems which should be paid attention to in the development process, and discuss the development prospects of Hunan Dark Tea.

  5. Impact of Small-scale Production Mode on Citrus Industry of Hunan Province,China——Based on the Investigation on Citrus Industry in Shimen County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Small-scale farmer is defined by the domestic and foreign experts and scholars.They point out that since the fragmentation of production and the diseconomy of scale in small-scale farmer is inconsistent with the characteristics of scale and technology of modern agricultural production,it is necessary to eliminate the adverse effects of existing mode in order to provide theoretical references for the relevant researches.Citrus industry in Shimen County,Hunan Province,China is introduced from the aspects of natural geographical condition and socio-economic benefit.Impact of small-scale production mode on citrus production in Shimen County is discussed.Firstly,blindness of small-scale production is the main reason leading to overproduction of citrus.Secondly,small-scale production mode has limitation on the acceptance of new technologies,restricts the operation of geographical trademark,and constraints the enthusiasm of enterprises in entering the agricultural field.Finally,suggestions are put forward,such as encouraging the circulation of rural land,improving the organization degree of farmers,changing the work function of grass-roots government and perfecting the agricultural financial credit system.

  6. Middle and Late Devonian brachiopod assemblages,sea level change and paleogeography of Hunan,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Givetian through middle Famennian brachiopods of Hunan are used to define five biozones,comprising,in ascending order,the Stringocephalus Abundance Zone,the Ambocoeliid-Leiorhynchid Assemblage Zone,the Cyrtospiriferid Assemblage Zone,the Yunnanellina-Sinospirifer Assemblage Zone,and the Yunnanella-Hunanospirifer Assemblage Zone.They correspond approximately to the Po.hemiansatus Zone to Po.varcus Zone,S.hermanni Zone to Pa.punctata Zone,Pa.hassi Zone to Pa.linguiformis Zone,Pa.triangularis Zone to Upper Pa.crepida Zone,and Uppermost Pa.crepida Zone to Pa.marginifera Zone,respectively.Intensified rifting activity in South China during the Devonian began in the middle of the Lower Po.varcus Zone(a level marked by the first appearance of Po.rhenanus),which is consistent with the Lower-Middle Givetian substage boundary suggested by the International Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy(SDS).This assumed that rifting activity in the Lower Po.varcus Zone was signified by the deposition of the Baqi Formation in Guangxi and was marked largely by the extensive deposition of the Qiziqiao Formation in central Hunan,which probably led to an opposite pattern of relative sea level change-rising in deeper water trough areas and lowering in carbonate platform areas.The previously recognized S.hermanni Zone sea level rise in platform margin areas of Guangxi can be identified not only in the trough areas but also in platform areas,which probably indicates an overall marine transgression at this time,rather than tectonically induced sea level change.Similarly,this level coincides with the Middle-Upper Givetian substage boundary suggested by the SDS.Although the sea level rise may have occurred in the deeper water trough areas of South China towards the end of the Givetian,platformal areas experienced uplifting at various degrees,especially in the central and northern regions of Hunan where Early Frasnian deposits were apparently absent in many places.Similarly,the end

  7. The fossils of Orsten-type preservation from Middle and Upper Cambrian in Hunan,China-- Three-dimensionally preserved soft- bodied fossils (Arthropods)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Xiping; Philip C. J Donoghue; LIU Zheng; LIU Jie; PENG Fan

    2005-01-01

    Exquisitely preserved three-dimensional soft- bodied fossils and typical Orsten-type preservation have been found from the strata of Middle and Late Cambrian in western Hunan, China. A preliminary description is provided for Hesslandona sp. (Phosphatocopida, Crustacea, Arthropoda) and Skara sp. (Skaracarida, Crustaceam, Arthropoda). The scientific significance of Orsten-type preservation and prospects for future work on these fossils from Hunan are outlined.

  8. Surveillance on Disinfection Effects of Medical Institutions in Changsha County from 2009 to 2010%长沙县2009-2010年医疗机构消毒效果监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗卫红

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解长沙县医疗机构消毒灭菌质量状况,分析存在的问题,以提高医源性感染控制水平.方法 按照卫生部《消毒技术规范》、《医院消毒J生标准》GB15982-1995、《消毒与灭菌效果的评价方法与标准》GB15981-1995,在2009-2010年对全县各级医疗机构的消毒质量进行检测.结果 2009-2010年样品总合格率分别为83.3%、91.6%;使用中消毒液和无菌器械保存液的合格率最高为100%,其次是压力蒸汽灭菌效果为91.7%,物体表面、空气、灭菌医疗用品、医护人员手的合格率依次为89.5%、85.9%、84.6%、80.9%;县级医疗机构总合格率为95.4%、乡镇医院为81.3%、个体诊所和村卫生室为71.7%、私立医院为94.2%.结论 长沙县医疗机构消毒效果呈上升趋势,今后仍需加强对物体表面、空气、灭菌医疗用品、医护人员手的消毒监测工作,重点是乡镇卫生院,特别是个体诊所和村卫生室的消毒质量更应加强监督管理、技术知识培训,医院自身要健全消毒工作制度,加强消毒措施的硬件建设和人员培训,共同提高医院感染的控制能力.%Objective To investigate the quality status of sterilization and disinfection in medical institutions of Chang-sha County, to analyze the existing problems so as to improve the level of iatrogenic infection control. Methods According to "Disinfection Technology Standard" issued by the Ministry of Health, "Hospital Disinfection Sanitary Standard" (GB15982 -1995), and "Assessment Method and Standard of Disinfection and Antiseptic Effects" (GB15981 - 1995), the disinfection quality of all levels of medical institutions in Changsha County during the period of 2009-2010 was detected. Results The qualified rates of the detected samples in 2009 and 2010 were 83.3% and 91.6%, respectively. The highest qualified rates of disinfectant in use and preserving fluid of sterile medical devices both reached 100

  9. Interior assembly process for Changsha Medium and low speed maglev train%长沙中低速磁浮列车内饰组装工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚永虎

    2016-01-01

    阐述了长沙中低速磁浮列车的部分内饰结构、组装工艺,分析了内饰组装过程中的工艺难点、预防措施以及解决方案,并通过制定内饰质量控制标准实现了内饰组装的一致性和美观性。%This paper analyses the interior structure and assembly process of medium and low speed maglev train of Changsha.It presents the aporia of interior assembly,and carries out the standard of quality controlling to enforce the consistency and artistry of interior assembly.

  10. [Risk related to the transmission of H5N1 subtype avian influenza virus in the environment of poultry markets in Changsha, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ru-sheng; Ou, Xin-hua; Song, Ke-yun; Yuan, Jie; Chen, Tian-mu; Xiao, Shan; Sun, Bian-cheng

    2012-08-01

    To investigate the risk of H5N1 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) transmission in the poultry market environment in Changsha city. H5N1 antibody levels among the groups related occupational exposure and AIV nucleic acid in the environment of poultry markets were detected. The characteristics of haemagglutinin (HA) genes of H5N1 AIV in the environment were analyzed. One district and one county from Changsha city were selected randomly and two poultry markets at inner city or township levels were selected in the same district or county respectively. H5N1 antibody of the occupational exposure groups in the poultry market was tested and AIV nucleic acid in the poultry market environment monitored. One hundred and two blood samples of the occupational exposure groups were tested for H5N1 antibody with single radioimmunoassay diffusion hemolysis (SRH) while 160 environment samples (from sewage, birds stools, feathers and smearing samples of poultry cages) in the poultry market were also detected for AIV nucleic acid with real-time PCR method. Four sewage samples of H5N1 subtype AIV were collected from poultry markets in Changsha, and the HA genes of H5N1 subtype AIV amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced with TA cloning. Amino acid sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree analysis were conducted by Lasergene and Mega 5.0 software. The results through H5N1 antibody monitoring program showed that H5N1 antibody positive rates from workers were 25.5% (26/102), 50.0% (9/18) and 25.4% (17/67) respectively in the poultry markets of township and inner cities. H5N1 antibody positive rate in the township poultry markets was higher than in the inner cities poultry markets. from the surveillance on AIV nucleic acid showed that the overall H5 subtype positive rate in Changsha poultry markets was 31.3% (50/160), and the positive rate of townships poultry markets was 37.3% (31/83), which were both higher than those from the inner cities poultry markets (24.7%, 19/77). H5 subtype AIV

  11. On exploration for residential environment development of Changsha City%对长沙市人居环境发展的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张义

    2015-01-01

    From the construction of urban planning and humanistic construction,the paper analyzes main problems in the residential environment development and progress in Changsha City,and points out methods to solve these problems,so as to explore the feasible road for the residential environment development of the city.%从城市规划建设、人文建设的角度出发,对湖南省长沙市的人居环境发展现状和发展进程中出现的主要问题进行了分析,提出了解决此类现存问题的方法,以探索一条未来长沙市人居环境发展的可行道路。

  12. The Physico-Chemical Conditions for Mobilization of Gold in Mobin Gold Deposit, Southwest Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷俐; 杨华; 戴塔根; 刘利萍

    2002-01-01

    Experiments on water-rock interaction were carried out on wall-rock samples from the Mobin gold deposit, Southwest Hunan, China, with the aim of determining the optimum physical and chemical conditions for the mobilization of gold in solution. Results indicate that gold is most easily mobilized from the wall rock-tuffaceous slate of the Mobin Deposit. Mobi lization is optimized if fluids are neutral to slightly alkaline and contain both chlorine and sulphur ions at the concentration and composition of about [0.25M (NH4)2S + 1M NaCl]. The amount of gold leached from the tuffaceous slate increases with temperature although the effect decreases above about 200℃ .

  13. Thermochemical sulphate reduction and Huayuan lead-zinc ore deposit in Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In recent years, some arguments with regard to the organicmineralization of MVT lead-zinc ore deposit are focused on the thermochemical sulphate reduction in the presence of organic matter. Based on the research into the organic geochemistry and C, O, S isotopes of mineralized host rocks, mineral gas fluid inclusion and solid bitumen from Huayuan (W. Hunan, China) lead-zinc ore deposit formed in the algal limestones of Qingxudong formation, Lower Cambrian, the authors consider that a lot of organic matter occurred and participated in mineralization. The organic matter from different sources participated in the mineralization with two main forms: thermochemical sul-phate reduction and thermal degradation which supplied abundant H2S for the precipitation.

  14. Study results on estimation of non-specialized physical training university students in Hunan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Lihua

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Highlights the results of the implementation of national standards of physical fitness assessment of students specialized universities Chinese province of Hunan. Discovered that the main negative factors that reduce the effectiveness in this area are the following: lack of unified management of the process of introducing national standards of physical fitness assessment of students; shortcomings in the quality and quantity of equipment for evaluation, the low level of mastery of the teaching staff of the methodology and insufficient use the results of monitoring the health of the students in the further education; misallocation of time for testing and evaluation in terms of physical health. Substantiates the importance of the rational organization of the assessment system, outlined the main directions of improving the effectiveness of the implementation of national standards of physical fitness of students.

  15. Source and location mechanism for lode gold deposits hosted in metamorphic rocks in northeastern Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    For understanding the source and location mechanism of lode gold deposits hosted in metamorphic rocks in northeastern Hunan, the authors analyzed the REE (rare earth elements) in ores and their host rocks, metallogenic elements in host rocks near and distant from the ore-bodies, and characteristics of ore-controlling structures, and deduced their genetic implication. Their geochemical features of REE and metallogenic elements suggest that they are formed by mobilization of dispersed metallogenic materials in Lengjiaxi Group of Middle Proterozoic during deformation and metamorphism process, mainly in Wulingian period. From the attributes of ore-controlling structures and regularity of location of gold metallization, it is concluded that the location of gold deposits is closely related to reverse shearing. Ore-forming fluids are focused on the secondary faults and extension fractures of reverse shear zones of nearly EW strike by stress-driven diffusion and seismic pumping.

  16. Protest Leadership and Repertoire: A Comparative Analysis of Peasant Protest in Hunan in the 1990s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on detailed ethnographic fieldwork, this paper compares two cases of peasant protest against heavy taxes and fees in a northern Hunan county in the 1990s. It argues that peasant protest did not arise spontaneously. Rather, it erupted when leaders emerged who used central policy documents on lowering peasant taxes and fees to mobilise peasants. Protest leaders were articulate and public-spirited peasants who had received political training from the local party-state. Furthermore, the number of leaders, their education level, and their relationship with the local party-state explain why the repertoire and the scope of the two protests varied. Protests led by less educated veteran Communist Party cadres tended to be milder and smaller than those led by better-educated peasants more distant from the local party-state. This paper helps us to understand the process of peasant mobilisation in contemporary China and explains why peasant protest varies across cases.

  17. Productivity analysis in nature reserve: A case study in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Lan-hui; Tian Shu-rong

    2007-01-01

    Although there are abundant natural resources in nature reserves, poverty is a common feature of the social economy in the communities surrounding nature reserves. Income from forestry is still the main source for residents living around nature reserves.The structure of inputs and outputs, i.e. productivity, in the forestry sector in nature reserves is quite different from one reserve to another. Productivity can be measured by Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methods owing to the characteristics of DEA. The promotion of productivity in nature reserve is an effective way to improve the living condition in areas neighboring nature reserves.Thus, one typical national nature reserve in Hunan is selected in this study with the intent to measure productivity in the area and then to analyze the factors affecting its productivity.

  18. [Cloning and bioinformatics analysis of SLA-DR genes in Hunan Daweizi pigs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Xing, Xiao-wei; Xue, Li-qun; Huang, Sheng-qiang; Wu, Xiao-li; Wang, Wei

    2009-09-01

    To evaluate the potential of Daweizi pigs as xenotransplantation dnors from pigs to humans by analyzing the characteristics of SLA-DR genes in Hunan Daweizi pigs. SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB genes were amplified by RT-PCR, cloned into pUCm-T vectors, sequenced and analyzed through BLAST in NCBI and related software in ExPASY. The SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB genes were 1 177 bp and 909 bp nucleotides in length, which contain opening reading frame (ORF) and encode 252 and 266 amino acids respectively. Comparing the SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB genes with their counterpart sequences of human, the homologies of amino acid sequences were 82% and 73% respectively. The amino acids in SLA DR alpha chain of Daweizi pigs from position 124 to 136, which bind to human CD4, showed only two differences with HLA DRA: a lle-Val change at position 127 and a Ser-Thr change at position 136. The amino acids in SLA DR beta chain of Daweizi pigs from position 134 to 148, which bind to human CD4, were identical with HLA-DRB. Further comparison with SLA sequences published in GenBank indicated that SLA-DRB gene found in Daweizi pigs has polymorphism while the homology of SLA-DRA gene is up to 100%. The cloned SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB in Hunan Daweizi pigs has high polymorphism with HLA-DRA and HLA-DRB in Human, indicates that Daweizi pigs have some advantages as xenotransplantation dnors from pigs to humans.

  19. Prevalence of Breastfeeding: Findings from the First Health Service Household Interview in Hunan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Qin

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: With the development of economy and urbanization, methods of child-feeding have significantly changed in China over the past three decades. However, little is known about breastfeeding in China since 2009. This study aims to update information on the prevalence of breastfeeding in China. Methods: Data were obtained from the first Health Service Household Interview Survey of Hunan Province, China. Of 24,282 respondents, 1659 were aged five years or younger. We ran multivariable logistic regression to examine the impact of urban/rural setting, gender, age and household income per capita on the use of breastfeeding. Results: A total of 79.4% of children aged 5 years or younger had been breastfed at some point and 44.9% been breastfed exclusively in the first 6 months of life. After controlling for setting urban/rural setting, gender and child age, children from households with average family income were more likely to be breastfed than those from households with the lowest family income (adjusted odds ratio: 2.28. Children from households with higher and the highest family income were less likely to be exclusively breastfed in the first 6 months of life compared to those from households with the lowest family income (adjusted odds ratio: 0.51 and 0.68, respectively. Conclusions: It is encouraging that the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding for infants in the first 6 months of life in Hunan Province, China is approaching the goal of 50% proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO. Nevertheless, more efforts are needed to further promote exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months after birth.

  20. Prevalence of Breastfeeding: Findings from the First Health Service Household Interview in Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Hong; Zhang, Lin; Zhang, Lingling; Zhang, Wei; Li, Li; Deng, Xin; Tian, Danping; Deng, Jing; Hu, Guoqing

    2017-02-04

    Background: With the development of economy and urbanization, methods of child-feeding have significantly changed in China over the past three decades. However, little is known about breastfeeding in China since 2009. This study aims to update information on the prevalence of breastfeeding in China. Methods: Data were obtained from the first Health Service Household Interview Survey of Hunan Province, China. Of 24,282 respondents, 1659 were aged five years or younger. We ran multivariable logistic regression to examine the impact of urban/rural setting, gender, age and household income per capita on the use of breastfeeding. Results: A total of 79.4% of children aged 5 years or younger had been breastfed at some point and 44.9% been breastfed exclusively in the first 6 months of life. After controlling for setting urban/rural setting, gender and child age, children from households with average family income were more likely to be breastfed than those from households with the lowest family income (adjusted odds ratio: 2.28). Children from households with higher and the highest family income were less likely to be exclusively breastfed in the first 6 months of life compared to those from households with the lowest family income (adjusted odds ratio: 0.51 and 0.68, respectively). Conclusions: It is encouraging that the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding for infants in the first 6 months of life in Hunan Province, China is approaching the goal of 50% proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). Nevertheless, more efforts are needed to further promote exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months after birth.

  1. 长沙服务外包产业政策效应实证研究%Empirical Study of Changsha Policy Effect for Service Outsourcing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚瑞风; 戴华仁; 徐姝

    2015-01-01

    文章基于长沙市服务外包产业政策,分析服务外包产业政策效应。假设ITO、BPO、KPO三种服务外包类型具有相关性,设立服务外包产业政策效应理论模型。运用SPSS17.0进行因子分析、方差分析和相关分析,测量不同服务外包类型在各种政策影响下所发挥效应是否存在显著差异,以此对长沙市服务外包产业政策效应假设进行验证,并提出服务外包产业政策发展策略。%Based on Changsha service outsourcing policy,this paper analyzes the policy effect of service outsourcing industry. It is assumed that ITO, BPO, KPO three service outsourcing type have certain correlation, and set up a theoretical model of the effect of service outsourcing industry. Using SPSS17.0 to make factor analysis, variance analysis and correlation analysis, it can be measured that under the influence of various policies, when different types of service outsourcing make effect, whether there are significant differences or not so as to evaluate the policy effect of service outsourcing industry in Changsha, and propose the development strategy of service outsourcing policy.

  2. The Establishment of Real-time Elevation Conversion Module in Changsha City%长沙市实时高程转换模块的确定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    匡志威; 刘鹏程; 戴建清; 周晓卫

    2013-01-01

    Until now,the quasi-geoid is the most effective way to solve the conversion between geodetic height and normal height;but the conversion model of quasi-geoid is confidential data ,it can not be used in the surveying produc-tion.According to the characteristics of height anomaly in Changsha area ,the elevation conversion module which uses the block interpolation algorithm is presented in the paper .It can be used by GPS RTK software to solve the real-time con-version from geodetic height of WGS-84 ellipse to normal height .After checking progress ,the precision of the model is better than that in specification whatever precision and accuracy .The problem of real-time elevation conversion is solved in Changsha City .%目前,似大地水准面精化是解决大地高与正常高之间转换的最有效途径;但其转换模型属于机密数据,不能在外业测绘生产中用其进行实时转换。本文针对长沙地区高程异常的变化特点,采用分块插值拟合算法对其进行插值拟合,并编写成高程转换模块;GPS RTK工程软件调用该模块后,即可实现WGS-84椭球大地高到正常高的实时转换;经检核,本模型内、外符合精度均优于规范要求,解决了长沙市实时高程转换问题。

  3. 长沙城郊农田土壤重金属Pb、Cd的生态风险评价研究%Ecological Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals of Pb and Cd in the Suburban Cropland Soils in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琼峰; 李明德; 段建南; 魏文学; 吴海勇

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the ecological risk of heavy metals Pb and Cd in suburban agricultural soils in Changsha,the capital city of Hunan Province.A total of 513 surface soil samples(0~20 cm) were collected from paddy fields and upland covering whole city region,and the concentrations of Pb and Cd were analyzed.Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation and analytic hierarchy process were applied to establish ecological risk assessment models of Pb and Cd contamination,and evaluation indics(ERI) were set up based on Pb and Cd concentrations,soil physicochemical properties and soil location characteristics.The indics of soil physicochemical properties were soil pH,organic matter,alkali-hydro nitrogen and available phosphorus,while the indics of soil location characteristics were the distance from cropland to town,industrial construction land,river,and settlement.The ecological risk grade was divided to four ranks according to the values of ecological risk index,ERI>0.70,0.6<ERI ≤ 0.70,0.4<ERI ≤ 0.60,and ERI ≤ 0.40 were defined as class Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ respectively.About 22.9% sampling points were distributed in class Ⅲ and Ⅳ,most of high ecological risk soilsamples were located at the surrounding area of riverside,town,industrial construction land and settlement.The ecological risk regions of farmland soil Pb and Cd were divided into high,middle,and low ranks.Therefore,the ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in agricultural soil could be important in controlling and preventing soil heavy metal contamination.%采集长沙城郊18个乡镇513个农田土壤样点,运用模糊综合评价法和层次分析法从农田土壤重金属Pb、Cd的含量、土壤理化特性(pH值、有机质、碱解氮、有效磷)、土壤区位特征(土壤采样点离城镇的距离、离建设用地的距离、离河流的距离、离农村居民点的距离)3个方面选取评价指标,建立农田土壤重金属Pb、Cd的生态风险评价模型,

  4. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>20130642 Bai Daoyuan (Hunan Institute of Geology Survey , Mineral Exploration and Development of Hunan Province , Changsha 410011 , China); Jia Baohua Potential Genesis of the Trending Changes of Jinning Period and Caledonian Structural Lineamens in Middle-Southern Hunan Province (Journal of Geomechanics , ISSN1006-6616 ,

  5. DPAL research in Changsha

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongyan; Xu, Xiaojun; Yang, Zining; Hua, Weihong

    2015-02-01

    Alkali laser has been one of the most promising paths to high energy laser during past dozen years. As the first group realized DPAL and XPAL lasing in China, we had done lots of theoretical and experimental works to further clarify the mechanism of alkali lasers, such as exploring scaling parameters design balance and MOPA configuration amplified spontaneous emission suppression in DPAL based on our self-developed fast converging algorithm, XPAL's continuous wave operation threshold, performance degradation of VBG narrowed diode laser array and stacks due to conductive thermal flow, heat deposition induced gas dynamic parameters variation estimation, local atomic number density change measurement with single frequency tunable diode laser, ionization and other higher level nonlinear effects with opto-galvanometer method. Based on above research works, preliminary c onsiderations and conclusions for alkali laser scaling are given.

  6. Skara hunanensis a new species of Skaracarida (Crustacea)from Upper Cambrian (Furongian) of Hunan, south China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The fossils of Orsten-type preservation are as famous as Chengjiang Fauna in the world, but it was not until 2005 that the Orsten-type fossils represented by Skaracarida and Phosphatocopida were first reported to be found in western Hunan, South China.Here, we report the systematic paleontology of all the exquisitely preserved specimens belonging to Skaracarida. They were found at a same horizon of Upper Cambrian (Furongian) in Wangcun section, western Hunan, south China, assigned to a new species Skara hunanensis herein. Skara hunanensis is characterized by small, soft-integumented, marine forms with slender, annulate body; labrum large and ventrocaudally directed; uniramous antennulae; biramous antennae and mandibulae; maxillas and maxillipeds of the same shape; all postantennular limbs join a short cephalic filter apparatus. The body has two tagmata: a cephalon with five pairs of well developed appendages and a trunk composed of 11 rig-shaped conical segments.

  7. The PEST Ecological Analysis of County Library in Hunan Province%湖南省县级图书馆PEST生态分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昆雄; 苏靖靖

    2012-01-01

    我国公共图书馆网络日趋完善,但县级图书馆一直是其薄弱环节。利用PEST生态分析法从政治、经济、社会和技术四个方面对湖南省县级图书馆的生存和发展进行分析,提出实现县级图书馆的可持续发展需要从法律、资金、宣传和人才四个方面进行完善。%The public library network is gradually improved in China,but the county library has always been the weak link.Using the PEST analytical method,this paper analyses the survival and developmental environment of Hunan county library from four factors: politics,economy,society and technology.In order to achieve the sustainable development of county library,The law,finance,propaganda and qualified staff must be promoted.

  8. 湘中地区大棚蔬菜信息化进程及其对策%Problem and Strategies of Informatization of Greenhouse Vegetables in Central Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王会; 周桃云; 梁平元

    2016-01-01

    Firstly,this article analyzes the current domestic and overseas state of informatization of green-house vegetables.The development and present problems in greenhouse vegetables informatization in central Hunan are emphatically analyzed.Accordingly,specific solutions are proposed.Finally,the opti-mization ideas of intelligent planting and intelligent control model using WSNs technology are proposed.%分析了国内外温室大棚蔬菜信息化发展的现状,阐述了湘中地区温室大棚蔬菜信息化的进程,对其中存在的问题进行了分析,并提出了具体的解决对策,并构建了蔬菜智能化种植的优化思想与 WSNs智能控制系统模型。

  9. 长沙黄雨的观测分析及其形成机制的探讨%Survey and Analysis of Yellow Rain in Changsha and the Research of Its Forming Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹沙林

    2001-01-01

    Yellow rain is caused by pine-tree pollen according to investigation of many years in Changsha. The discussion was given on how the yellow rain is formed and what the material source is in Changsha. It analyzed the relationships of air particulates enrichment effect,ain pollution and acid rain pollution,pointing out the harm of pollen rain to sensitive people.%根据对长沙黄雨的多年观测,确定黄雨是松树花粉所致。进而探讨了长沙地区黄雨的物质来源及其形成机制,并分析了大气颗粒物富集效应与大气污染、酸雨污染的关系,还指出了花粉雨对敏感人群可能造成的危害。

  10. Protection Measures and Compensation Strategies of Ecological Public Welfare Forest in Changsha City%长沙市生态公益林保护措施及补偿对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱模清

    2012-01-01

    介绍了长沙市生态公益林建设现状及管理措施,分析了该市生态公益林补偿存在的问题,并提出了补偿对策。%Status and management measures of ecological public welfare forest construction in Changsha City were introduced, existing problems in the compensation of ecological public welfare forest were analyzed, and the compensation strategies were proposed.

  11. 基于SWOT模型的长沙绿色住宅发展战略研究%Research on the Developing Strategy of Green Housing in Changsha Based on SWOT Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文萱

    2016-01-01

    The paper uses the SWOT model to analyze the internal and environmental factors,the internal advantages and disadvantages,and points out the potential opportunities and threats of the development of green housing in Changsha under the background of two type society. Then,builds SWOT matrix to compare the development strategies,and clarifies that WO strategy named the reversed strategy is the optimal election for green housing development in Changsha. Finally,puts forward matching strategies of promoting the level and quality of green housing development,perfecting the evaluation system of green building,provides reference for promoting the healthy development of green housing in Changsha.%采用SWOT模型对两型社会背景下长沙绿色住宅发展问题进行分析,构建SWOT矩阵并比较各项发展战略,确定WO扭转型战略是目前长沙发展绿色住宅的最佳战略选择,制定提升绿色住宅发展水平和品质、完善绿色住宅评价系统等配套发展策略,为推动长沙绿色住宅健康发展提供参考.

  12. Pollution Characteristics and Health Risk Analysis of Heavy Metals in PM10 and PM2 .5 in Typical Cities in Hunan Province%湖南省典型城市 PM10和 PM2.5及其载带重金属的污染特征和健康风险研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢忱; 张文杰; 杨文; 李伟; 王歆华; 赵雪艳; 白志鹏

    2016-01-01

    To investigate the pollution characteristics and health risks of heavy metals in particulate matter in Changsha, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan (CTZ) area in Hunan Province, PM10 and PM2.5 filter samples were collected in Changsha, Xiangtan and background site of Hengshan Mountain in August 2014.The concentrations of ten heavy metals were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.In order to assess the carcinogenic risk of Cr(Ⅵ) on human, Cr(Ⅵ) concentrations were calculated based on the reference ratio of 0.13 for Cr(Ⅵ) to total Cr.The health risk of heavy metals inhaled by respiratory system was assessed by the model recommended by US EPA, coupled by the exposure factors in China.Results showed that the mass concentration of PM10 and PM2.5 were respectively 42-155 and 18-119 μg/m3 in Changsha, and were 17-127 and 5-109 μg/m3 in Xiangtan.The concentration of Cr(Ⅵ) in Changsha and Xiangtan was 0.81 and 0.65 ng/m3 in PM10 samples, while that of As was 9.3 and 6.3 ng/m3 , much higher than the relevant Chinese air quality standards.The total non-carcinogenic risk of the each heavy metal was less than 1, within the acceptable level.The carcinogenic risks for Cr(Ⅵ) and As were in the range of 10-6-10-4 , belonging to the range of potential carcinogenic risks.The carcinogenic risks for Cd, Ni and Co were below 10-6 , indicating that the carcinogenic risks of the three metals are acceptable.%为研究湖南省长株潭区域典型城市颗粒物及其载带重金属元素的污染特征和健康风险,于2014年8月在长沙市、湘潭市和区域背景点衡山采集了PM10和PM2.5样品。应用ICP-MS分析样品载带的10种重金属元素浓度,按Cr(Ⅵ)和总Cr比值为0.13估算Cr(Ⅵ)浓度。应用US EPA风险评价技术结合国内人群暴露参数对人体通过呼吸途径暴露的健康风险进行评价。结果表明:采样期间,长沙市PM10和PM2.5的日均浓度分别为42~155和18~119μg/m3,湘潭市为17~127

  13. Analysis of agricultural grey water footprint in Hunan Province based on different receiving water bodies%基于不同受纳水体的湖南省农业灰水足迹分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹阳; 李景保; 叶亚亚; 谭芬芳

    2016-01-01

    提出基于不同受纳水体的灰水足迹,引入水环境荷载指数,计算1985—2013年湖南省农业生产造成的灰水足迹,比较该省地表和地下水的污染状况。并使用IPAT模型,将灰水足迹与农业经济发展和技术进步结合分析,为湖南省的水环境保护和农业可持续发展决策提供参考。结果表明:近29年来湖南省农业生产造成的灰水足迹呈递增趋势,地表与地下水灰水足迹之比约为7︰3;地表水环境荷载指数较低,环境状况优于地下水,但两水体的环境状况都呈现恶化趋势;湖南省农业可持续发展经历了3个阶段,初期技术进步占据主导,中后期农业经济发展加速,而农业技术则在经过瓶颈阶段后重获发展。%A concept of the grey water footprint based on different receiving water bodies is proposed, and the water environment load index is introduced. We calculated the grey water footprint caused by agricultural production in Hunan Province during the period from 1985 to 2013 , and compared the statuses of surface water pollution and groundwater pollution in this province. Using the IPAT model, we analyzed the grey water footprint jointly with the agricultural economy and agricultural technology, providing references for water environment protection and agricultural sustainable development in Hunan Province. The results show the following:over the last 29 years, the grey water footprint caused by agricultural production in Hunan Province has shown an increasing trend;the ratio of the grey water footprint of surface water to the grey water footprint of groundwater has been about 7 ︰ 3; and the surface water environment load index has been lower than the groundwater environment load index, indicating that the environmental condition of surface water was better than that of groundwater, but both showed a deteriorating trend. The sustainable development of agriculture in Hunan Province has experienced

  14. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the wsp gene of Wolbachia in three geographic populations of an oak gall wasp, Andricus mairei (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae), from Hunan, South China%湖南三地区麦氏安瘿蜂体内Wolbachia的感染及其wsp基因序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨筱慧; 朱道弘; 刘志伟; 赵玲

    2012-01-01

    To understand the effects of Wolbachia in Andricus mairei Kieffer, an oak gall wasp (Cynipini, Cynipidae) that forms clusters of up to 30 monothalamous galls in the catkins of Quercus glandulifera var. Brevipetiolata Nakai, we examined the presence and infection frequency of Wolbachia in three widely separated geographic populations of A. Mairei in Hunan Province, South China, using polymerase chain reaction and sequence determination of the wsp gene of Wolbachia from the three populations. Our survey results showed that Wolbachia infection rates were unusually high in the three test populations: 100% for the male wasps from all populations, while 100% , 100% and 80% for the Yueyang, Changsha and Shaoyang populations of the female wasps, respectively. The sequencing results showed that the gene from all the three populations is 561 bp in length. Comparison with the wsp gene sequences in A. Mairei and Neuroterus macropterus, Biorhiza pallida, Andricus solitarius ( strain 1) and Synergus crassicornis revealed a 95% identity. The phylogenic relationship of Wolbachia strains in Cynipidae with the known wsp sequences indicated that the Wolbachia strain of A. Mairei is closely related to that of N. Macropterus, B. Pallida, A. Solitarius ( strain 1) , and S. Crassicornis, and belongs to the A group. We also discovered strikingly male-biased sex ratios in all the test populations; females only accounted for 15. 3% , 12. 1% , and 19. 8% of the Yueyang, Changsha, and Shaoyang populations,respectively, indicating the extremely male-biased sex ratios. These results suggest that the symbiosis of Wolbachia with A. Mairei does not induce parthenogenesis in A. Mairei, which can not be properly explained and is worth further investigation.%为检测麦氏安瘿蜂Andricus mairei Kieffer有无Wolbachia感染,本研究对其岳阳、长沙和邵阳3种群雌、雄成虫体内Wolbachia的wsp基因进行了PCR检测,进而对获得的基因片段进行了序列分析.结果显示,麦

  15. Study on Phenomenon of Hunan TV%“湖南电视现象”研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯一粟

    2011-01-01

    “湖南电视现象”是指湖南电视在新的体制下所形成的竞争格局,是通过市场运作整合注意力资源而形成的一种电视品牌效应,是大众文化潮流和消费时代催生的一种审美文化。从娱乐大众到大众娱乐,湖南电视取得了引领时尚的显赫地位。湖南电视现象的产生有着实用主义的哲学基础、虚无主义的社会心理背景、境外媒体文化的影响。其鲜明的后现代主义特征是边缘化的节目形态、无深度的节目内容、游戏化的心态。湖南电视成功地开发了媒介的娱乐功能,使电视从过去单一的喉舌变成能满足受众日益增长的文化生活需求的载体。但娱乐化倾向带来的媒介教化功能淡化、受众想象力退化、媒介产品生命力弱化、专业频道面目模糊等弊端,也是显而易见的。进入新世纪后,随着各地广播电视业改革的深入开展,湖南电视先行一步的优势逐步弱化,湖南电视面临自我超越。娱人耳目的“盛宴”散去,人们的娱乐热情消退后,湖南电视将面临新的挑战。%"Phenomenon of Hunan TV" refers to the pattern of competition of Hunan TV formed under the new system, the TV brand effect formed by market integration and an aesthetic culture formed in the trend of mass culture and in the era of consumption. From entertaining public to public entertainment, Hunan TV has achieved a prominent position of leading the fashion. "Phenomenon of Hunan TV" has philosophical basis of pragmatism, social and psychological background of nihilism and are impacted by culture of foreign media. Hunan TV has successfully developed the entertaining features of media, evolving from being a single mouthpiece into the carrier of meeting the growing needs of the audience' s cultural life, but it also has brought out some disadvantages, such as the weakened enlightenment function, degraded audience's imagination, weakened

  16. 湖湘农村体育文化发展之源探究%The Source study of The development of Rural Sports Culture in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋琦

    2013-01-01

    Rural sports culture in Hunan province is a part of Hunan sports culture, and the sports culture is a part of Hunan culture, the relationship among them three is closely related. Hunan rural sports culture was from the essence of modern Huxiang sports thoughts and modern practice of Hunan athletes;and the rural sports culture will not only enrich the sports culture connotation, will enlarge Huxiang culture influence, and has major effect on guiding the Huxiang sports to make more brilliant victory.%  湖湘农村体育文化是湖湘体育文化的一部分,而湖湘体育文化是湖湘文化的一部分,三者关系紧密相关。湖湘农村体育文化来源于湖湘体育思想精髓和当代湖湘体育健儿的实践;湖湘农村体育文化不仅会丰富湖湘体育文化之内涵,还会扩大湖湘文化之影响,对指导湖湘体育取得更加辉煌的胜利具有重大影响作用。

  17. A Study of Linkage Type Rural Tourism Development Model---With Qianlong Lake and Getang Vil age in Changsha as an Example%联动式乡村旅游开发模式研究--以长沙千龙湖格塘村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易伟新; 谭旭滨

    2014-01-01

    In the development process of rural tourism, the interaction development of both the rural community and tourism site are an effective model. The linkage development of Changsha Qianlong Lake Resort and Getang village has achieved good economic effect, environment effect and urbanization effect, but the linkage model should be further optimized by adopting some measures such as enhancing the awareness of environmental protection, strengthening the awareness of tourism services and the introduction of advanced management technology.%在乡村旅游开发过程中,乡村社区和旅游景点双主体联动开发是一种有效模式。长沙千龙湖度假区和格塘村联动开发取得了良好的经济效应、环境效应和城镇化效应,但还需要采取增强环境保护意识,强化旅游服务意识和引进先进的管理技术等举措来优化联动模式。

  18. 长沙市2001-2010年孕产妇死亡分析%Analysis of Maternal Mortality in Changsha City from 2001 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖月娥; 谢日学; 李爱林; 周红女; 徐扬; 林蓓蓓

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析长沙市2001-2010年孕产妇死亡情况,探讨孕产妇死亡率的变化趋势、主要原因和变化特征,为降低孕产妇死亡率,制定相关干预措施提供科学依据. 方法 采用回顾性调查方法收集长沙市10年间孕产妇死亡报告卡、死亡调查报告以及评审结果,进行系统整理和分析. 结果 2001-2010年长沙市孕产妇平均死亡率为20.46/10万,呈下降趋势(P<0.01),农村下降趋势较城市明显.城市、农村孕产妇平均死亡率分别为9.52/10万与24.79/10万,城市显著低于农村(P<0.01).孕产妇死亡率随着住院分娩率的升高而下降.孕产妇的主要死亡原因为产科出血、妊娠合并内外科疾病、妊娠期高血压疾病和羊水栓塞,第一位死因由产科出血变成妊娠合并内外科疾病. 结论 加强孕产期保健管理,健全妇幼保健三级网络,提高住院分娩率,加强高危妊娠管理,提高乡镇卫生院及县级孕产妇急救中心急救能力,是降低孕产妇死亡率的有效措施.%Objective To study the data of maternal death in Changsha City from 2001 to 2010, to analyze the change tendency, main reasons and regularity of maternal mortality, and to provide a scientific basis for developing intervention measures. Methods The death reporting cards, death survey reports, and the evaluation results in Changsha City from 2001 to 2010 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results In ten years, the average maternal mortality in Changsha City was 20.46/100,000, the whole level was decreased (P<0.0l), and the declined tendency of maternal mortality in rural areas was more obvious than that in urban areas. The average maternal mortalities of urban and rural areas were 9.52/100,000 and 24.79/ 100,000, respectively; the mortality of urban areas was significantly lower than that of rural areas (P<0.01). The maternal mortality was dropped with the rising of hospitalization rate. The main factors of maternal death were

  19. Changsha Pension Institutions Analysis and Countermeasures%长沙市养老机构现状分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云华; 彭宏伟; 刘平

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the status of pension institutions in Changsha, in order to offer solutions to the further improvement of the old-age. Method:500 staying elderly people and 140 working staff in 28 random pension institutions of Changsha were surveyed through a questionnaire, with the aims of seeing the individual satisfaction of the elderly people and the medical staffing of the pension institutions, etc. Excellsoftware was used in counting and processing the data.Result: Nine pension institutions were public, accounting for 32.1% in Changsha; 255 elderly people in 500 were satisfied with their staying pension institutions, which meant the individual satisfaction rate reaches to 51%; on average 15 elderly people were appointed to an employee in these pension institutions, a large number of the employees work as old-age care staff for no more than 5 years, counting for 61.4%; the number of employees with college degree or above counts for 17.9%; the number of the doctors and the nurses having received professional trainings counts for 9.3%.Conclusion:Pension institution staff are seriously short in number; doctors and nurses having received professional trainings are lacked; employees are with relatively low levels of education and weak professional knowledge; the individual satisfaction of the elderly people is relatively low. The government should actively improve the quality of nursing staff and supplied services in pension institutions.%目的:探讨分析长沙市养老机构的现状,为进一步完善养老事业提供对策。方法:通过问卷调查的方式分别对随机抽取的长沙市28家养老机构500名入住的老年人和140名工作人员进行问卷调查,了解老年人对其居住的养老机构的满意度、养老机构内医护人员的配备情况等,采用Excel软件对调查的数据进行统计处理。结果:长沙市28家养老机构中9家是公办的,占32.1.0%;500名老年人中255名老人对其居住

  20. 长沙市城乡小学生体质对比分析%Comparative Analysis of Physical Quality of Urban and Rural Elementary School Students in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭敏; 肖夕君

    2016-01-01

    长沙市教育部门为了解长沙市城乡青少年学生体质的现状,从2005年起,每年都对长沙市的中小学生进行抽样监测,本研究以2012年长沙市小学生的体质健康标准测试数据为对象,运用采用文献资料、数理统计、比较研究等方法,对长沙市城乡小学生体质状况进行比较分析,探究长沙市城乡小学生的体质状况及其成因,为相关部门的决策提供参考依据。结果:长沙市城乡小学生身体形态、身体机能、身体素质均随着年龄的增长而增长;长沙市城市小学生身体形态和身体素质普遍优于乡村,但心肺功能低于乡村。结论:长沙市城乡小学生体质状况均存在不足,相关部门应根据当前具体情况,因事制宜,全面提高城乡小学生体质水平。%In order to understand the physical quality situation of urban and rural elementary school students in Changsha,every year primary and middle school students in Changsha are monitoring sampling from 2005 by Department of Education in Changsha.Taking 2012 as an example,by applying the methods of documentation, statistical analysis and comparative research,the thesis researches the situation of physical quality,compares thephysical quality and effect factors of urban and rural elementary school students in Changsha,which could provide reference basis for decision -making departments.Result:Students body shape,body function,body quality are increased with age,the body shape and bodyquality of urban is generally better than that of rural,but the vital capacity is lower.Conclusion:Physical qualitycondition of Changsha,urban and rural elementary school students is limited,and the relevant departments should improve it according to the specific circumstances.

  1. 湖南稻区稗草对二氯喹啉酸的抗性研究%Studies on Resistance of Echinochloa crusglli to Quinclorac in the Rice Plantation Area in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国兰; 余柳青; 刘都才; 刘雪源; 陆永良; 柏连阳

    2012-01-01

    The greenhouse study was carried out to determine the resistance level to quinclorac of 29 barnyard grass bio-types collected from rice planting area in Hunan province. The result showed that the biotype collected from Shaoyang suburb was the most susceptible barnyard grass to quinclorac,the EC50 was 76.3883 g a. i. /hm2. The biotype collected from Shaoyang suburb as the susceptible biotype, the biotypes collected from Zhihukou town in Yiyang and Wangcheng in Changsha presented very high resistance to quinclorac,the EC50 was 1567.164 g a. i. /hm2 and 2477.542 g a. i./hm2 respectively, and its resistance index was riched to 20.52 and 32.43 respectively which indicated the two biotypes had resistance to quinclorac on high level. Among 29 biotypes 10 were resistant to quinclorac with a EC50 value ranged from 155.9318 to 375.114 g a. i./hm2 ,and a resistant index ranged from 2.02 to 4.91. And the susceptibility to quinclorac of the other 16 biotypes was decreasing with the EC50 value ranged from 84.0203 to 151.596 g a. i. /hm2 ,and the resistant index ranged from 1.10 to 1.98.%利用整株测定法,测定湖南省主要稻区29个稗草生物型对二氯喹啉酸的抗性.结果表明,湖南省隆回县的生物型稗草对二氯喹啉酸最敏感,其EC50为76.3883 g a.i./hm2,为敏感生物型.湖南省益阳芷湖口镇和湖南省长沙望城县(直播田)的生物型稗草对二氯喹啉酸的EC50分别为1567.164 g a.i./hm2和2477.542 g a.i./hm2,抗药性指数分别达20.52和32.43,表明这两种生物型稗草的抗药性处于高水平抗性.其中10个生物型稗草的EC50为155.9318 ~375.114 g a.i./hm2,抗药性指数为2.02 ~4.91,表明这些生物型稗草已产生抗性.而其余16个生物型稗草的EC50为84.0203 ~151.596 g a.i./hm2,抗药性指数为1.10 ~1.98,表明这些地方稗草的敏感性正在下降.

  2. 长沙城区旅游厕所质量评价与比较分析%Changsha City Tourism Toilet Quality Evaluation and Comparative Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方世敏; 贺亚兰; 陈文妍; 刘娟

    2016-01-01

    运用AHP层次分析法,构建包括数量、布局、设备等7大二级指标和相应的20个三级指标体系,采用长沙城区12个旅游厕所的相关调研数据,通过计算并根据结果对长沙城区旅游厕所质量进行综合测评并进行横向比较分析。研究表明:游客主要关注旅游厕所的卫生状况,对厕所“个性化”要求不高;长沙城区旅游厕所总体质量处于中等水平。坚持政府引导、属地管理,推动地方政府将旅游厕所纳入当地政府基础设施建设规划中;在建设与管理上,要坚持游客为本,充分考虑到老年人、妇女、儿童和残障人士等特殊游客要求等。%Using the AHP, to construct a system that contains 7 secondary indicators which includes quanti-ty, layout, equipment and 20 three-level indicators. Adopting the survey data of Changsha city 12 tourism toilets, making a comprehensive evaluation and transverse comparative analysis by the calculation results. Researches show that tourists are mainly pay close attention to the sanitary conditions of tourism toilets and demand less of the toilet"personalized";The overall quality of Changsha city tourism toilet is in the medium level. So we should be to do a good job of tourism toilet clean;Adhering to the government guidance, apa-nage management, promoting local government to put the tourism toilet into the local government infrastruc-ture planning; Adhering to the tourists for this, giving full consideration to the requirements of elderly, women, children and disabled person.

  3. 长沙市高校学生冬季饮水量研究%Water Intake of University Students in Changsha in Winter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玮玲; 郑婵娟; 赵芳; 马兰心; 柴帅帅; 景萌萌

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解长沙市高校学生冬季饮水量情况,为评价大学生群体对水中污染物暴露和健康风险提供基础性数据。方法:采用问卷调查和实际测量相结合的方法,于2014年12月—2015年1月在长沙某四所高校抽取1000名大学生进行冬季饮水量调查。结果:该地区居民冬季总饮水量均值为2639.8 mL/d,直接饮水量和间接饮水量均值分别为1746.9、893.0 mL/d,且在不同性别、不同院校、不同 BMI 之间均存在统计学差异。结论:对长沙市大学生群体开展饮用水中污染物环境暴露和健康风险评价时应结合实际情况,考虑性别、院校和 BMI 等因素对饮水量的影响。%ObjectiveTo acquire the winter drinking water intake of healthy university students in Changsha, and to provide the basic data for the water pollutants exposure and health risk sssessment of university students.MethodsIn Dec, 2014 and Jan, 2015, direct drinking water intake and indirect drinking water intake from food in winter were investigated using question-naire survey methods in 1000 subjects selected from 4 colleages in Changsha. Results The average total drinking water intake was 2639.8 mL/d in winter, The average direct and indirect drinking water intake rates were found respectively to be 1746.9mL/d, 893.0 mL/d in winter, The daily consumption of total drinking water, direct drinking water and indirect drinking water is sig-nificantly different in studnets among different universities and is significantly different in gender and BMI. Conclusion The effect of gender,,university and BMI of drinking water exposure factors should be taken into account in health risk assessment on drinking water intake to improve the accuracy of the risk assessment.

  4. 长沙市城区热岛时间分布特征分析%Distribution Characteristics of Urban Heat Island in Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚志强; 何介南; 康文星; 吴耀兴; 吴立潮

    2011-01-01

    The authors studied distribution characteristics of time on intensity of urban heat island in Changsha City.The authors used the meteorological observation data from observation stations of the urban and suburban in Changsha City.By statistical analysis, the results showed that: (1) the annual average heat island intensity was 0.92℃, annual average changed between the 0.76-1.46℃ during the last 21 years from 1988 to 2008.(2) The seasonal variation of intensity of urban heat island manifested as that autumn was stronger than winter than spring than summer.(3) The intensity of urban heat island in nighttime was stronger than in daytime during summer season.The conclusion showed that: annual variation of intensity of urban heat island was consistent with the processing of urban construction.The temperatures of urban and suburban increased simultaneously, and the intensity of urban heat island had been enhancing year by year in the nearly 20 years,the reason were global warming and the impact of human activities.%为了研究长沙市城区的热岛特征及变化规律,利用长沙市城区和郊区气象观测站的观测数据,通过统计分析,对长沙市城区热岛强度时间分布特征进行了研究.结果表明:(1)21年间(1988-2008年)长沙市平均热岛强度为0.92℃,年均变化在0.76~1.46℃之间.(2)热岛强度的季节变化规律是秋、冬季强,春、夏季弱.(3)热岛强度日变化表现为夜间比白天强;夏季整天存在热岛现象,其他季节表现为快速形成和快速消失的现象.结论表明:长沙市热岛强度的年变化与城市建设的进程相一致;近20年来,长沙市城区和郊区的气温同步增高,同时热岛强度越来越大,说明全球气候变暖加剧了城市热岛效应,同时也是人类活动结果的影响.

  5. [Cloning and bioinformatics analysis of SLA-DR genes in Hunan Shaziling pigs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Yi-Ya; Xing, Xiao-Wei; Xue, Li-Qun; Huang, Sheng-Qiang; Wang, Wei

    2007-12-01

    In order to clone class II DRA and DRB genes of swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) in Hunan Shaziling pigs, to analyze their characteristics and polymorphism and to provide immunological basic parameters for xenotransplantation from pigs to humans. SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB genes in two Shaziling pigs with the absence of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) env-c were amplified by RT-PCR, cloned into PUCm-T vectors, sequenced and analyzed through BLAST in NCBI and related software in ExPASY. The obtained SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB genes of Shaziling pigs were 1,177 and 909 nucleotides in length with their accession numbers in Genbank as EF143987 and EF143988. Bioinformatics analyses have shown that they both contain opening reading frame (ORF) and encode 252 and 266 amino acids respectively. Comparing the ORF and protein sequences of the Shaziling SLA-DRA and SLA-DRB genes with their counterpart sequences of human, the homologies of nucleotide sequences were 83% and 83%, and the homologies of amino acid sequences 83 % and 79% respectively. Further comparison with SLA sequences published in GenBank indicated that SLA-DRB gene found in Shaziling pigs has polymorphism while the homology of SLA-DRA gene is up to 100 % .

  6. 清代湖南的常平仓%On Changpingchang in Hunan in Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐林生; 唐伟峰

    2012-01-01

    Changpingchang in Hunan in Qing dynasty not only has its local characteristics but also reflected the shadow of storage in Qing dynasty.It is characterized in the following aspects.It has formed a more complete system,high amount of storage and prepared army's rice.It has played the role of collaboration with relief the whole country and prepared against natural disaster relief and social stability.Its rise and fall and function have connected to the rise and fall of the Qing dynasty.%清代湖南的常平仓不仅有着它的地方特色,也折射出清代仓储的影子。突出体现在:形成了一套较为完备的制度,高储额,备兵米,协济全国,一定程度地发挥了备荒救灾,稳定社会的作用。它的兴衰与功用与清朝的兴衰相连。

  7. Conodont Biostratigraphy of the Middle Cambrian through Lowermost Ordovician in Hunan, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Xiping; John E. REPETSKI; Stig M. BERGSTR(O)M

    2004-01-01

    Since 1985, samples with a total weight of more than 14,000 kg, mainly from three key sections in western and northwestern Hunan, South China, have been processed for conodonts. In strata older than the late Late Cambrian paraconodonts have proved useful for stratigraphic subdivision and correlation. Thirteen conodont zones are proposed in the Middle Cambrian through lowermost Ordovician. The correlation between these zones and those of North China, western U.S.A., western Newfoundland, Canada, and Iran is discussed. In ascending order, these 13 zones are as follows: The Gapparodus bisulcatus-Westergaardodina brevidens Zone, Shandongodus priscus-Hunanognathus tricuspidatus Zone,Westergaardodina quadrata Zone, Westergaardodina matsushitai-W. grandidens Zone, Westergaardodina lui-W. ani Zone,Westergaardodina cf. calix-Prooneotodus rotundatus Zone, Proconodontus tenuiserratus Zone, Proconodontus Zone,Eoconodontus Zone, Cordylodus proavus Zone, Cordylodus intermedius Zone, Cordylodus lindstromi Zone, and Cordylodus angulatus Zone (lower part). The Westergaardodina lui-W. ani and Westergaardodina cf. calix-Prooneotodus rotundatus Zones replace the Westergaardodina proligula and Westergaardodina cf. behrae-Prooneotodus rotundatus Zones, respectively, in the lowermost Upper Cambrian. Two new species (Westergaardodina lui and Westergaardodina ani)and one conditionally identified species (Westergaardodina cf. calix) are described.

  8. Heavy Metal Contamination in Rice-Producing Soils of Hunan Province, China and Potential Health Risks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Fanfu; Wei, Wei; Li, Mansha; Huang, Ruixue; Yang, Fei; Duan, Yanying

    2015-12-08

    We studied Cd, Cr, As, Ni, Mn, Pb, and Hg in three agricultural areas of Hunan province and determined the potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks for residents. Soil and brown rice samples from Shimen, Fenghuang, and Xiangtan counties were analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Soil levels of Cd and Hg were greatest, followed by As and Ni. The mean concentrations of heavy metals in brown rice were Cd 0.325, Cr 0.109, As 0.344, Ni 0.610, Mn 9.03, Pb 0.023, and Hg 0.071 mg/kg, respectively. Cd and Hg had greater transfer ability from soil to rice than the other elements. Daily intake of heavy metals through brown rice consumption were estimated to be Cd 2.30, Cr 0.775, As 2.45, Ni 4.32, Pb 0.162, Mn 64.6 and Hg 0.503 µg/(kg·day), respectively. Cd, Hg and As Hazard Quotient values were greater than 1 and Cd, Cr, As and Ni Cancer Risk values were all greater than 10(-4). The total non-carcinogenic risk factor was 14.6 and the total carcinogenic risk factor was 0.0423. Long-term exposure to heavy metals through brown rice consumption poses both potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks to the local residents.

  9. Calculation of Hunan Power Grid Icing Recurrence Interval Based on Extreme-value Type Ⅰ Probability Distribution Model%基于极值Ⅰ型概率分布模型的湖南地区电网覆冰重现期计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆佳政; 张红先; 彭继文; 方针; 李波

    2012-01-01

    分析电网覆冰重现期,对于掌握冰灾规律从而指导抗冰工作具有重要指导意义。为此,提出了基于极值I型分布的电网覆冰重现期计算方法,结合97个气象站1951-2008年的覆冰日数观测数据,计算了97个气象站点15a一遇、30a一遇、50a一遇和100a一遇冰灾的覆冰日数,计算结果显示,长沙马坡岭气象站100a一遇的覆冰日数为14.78d。按照特别严重覆冰重现期为11d以上的划分标准,在极值Ⅰ型计算模型下,湖南电网特别严重覆冰重现期为24.8a。根据计算结果,绘制了湖南省多年一遇覆冰分布图,该图显示,湖南的覆冰严重区域集中在湘西南和湘东南地区。覆冰分布图为今后电网抗冰设计工作提供了指导。%It is very important to analyze icing recurrence interval of power grid for understanding ice disaster law and guiding ice-resistant.We put forward a calculation method of icing recurrence interval of power grid based on extreme-value type I,and calculated the icing days for recurrence period of 15 years,30 years,50 years and 100 years from 97 weather stations with the observation data of icing days from 1951 to 2008.The results show that the number of icing day for recurrence period of 100 years in Changsha Mapoling weather station is 14.78.If standard of serious icing of over 11 days is adopted,recurrence period of serious icing is 24.8 years in this model.Consequently,an icing distribution map of recurrence period of multi-years is plotted for design of anti-icing of power grid,showing that areas of serious icing are southwest and southeast of Hunan.

  10. 2013-2014年长沙急性下呼吸道感染住院儿童腺病毒的分子流行特征%Molecular epidemiological investigation of adenovirus in hospitalized children associated with acute lower respiratory infection in Changsha from 2013 to 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗小芳; 张兵; 段招军; 刘沁; 谢志萍

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解2013-2014年长沙地区急性下呼吸道感染患儿人腺病毒(HAdV)的基因型别和流行特征,为腺病毒的防治提供依据.方法 搜集2013年4月至2014年3月湖南师范大学附属第一医院儿童医学中心因急性下呼吸道感染住院的患儿的鼻咽抽吸物(NPAs) 603份,用荧光定量PCR方法进行11种常见呼吸道病毒的核酸检测.采用巢氏PCR扩增腺病毒阳性标本的hexon基因片段并进行序列分析.结果 603例标本共检测出HAdV阳性标本119份,检出率为19.73%.成功分型88份,其中7型27例,占30.68%;2型17例,占19.32%;3型14例,占15.91%;1型14例,占15.91%;5型6例,占6.82%;6型3例,占3.41%;4型4例,占4.55%;57型2例,占2.27%;14型1个,占1.14%.人腺病毒感染呈全年散发,夏季检出率相对较高.感染人群主要是7岁以下儿童(95.80%).结论 人腺病毒是2013-2014年度长沙地区儿童急性下呼吸道感染的重要病原体,优势流行株为7型和2型.B亚组中HAdV-7、HAdV-3的致病性强于C亚组及E组中的其他型别.%Objective To investigate the epidemiological features and the types of human adenovirus (HAdV) in hospitalized children with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) in Changsha from 2013 to 2014.Methods Six hundreds and three nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from the children with ALRTI,who were hospitalized at the pediatric of People' s Hospital of Hunan Province from April 2013 to March 2014.Eleven kinds of respiratory virus were firstly detected by Real-time PCR,the HAdV-positive samples are typed by Nested-PCR based on the sequence of hexon gene.The sequences were analyzed and compared with GenBank data.Results Adenovirus was detected in one hundreds and nineteen samples from six hundreds and three samples and the rate is 19.73%.Among the eighty eight samples that successful classified,twenty seven samples for HAdV-7 (30.68%),seventeen for HAdV-2 (19.32%),fourteen for HAdV-3 (15.91

  11. 2010年长沙市家蝇抗药性测定研究%Study on Resistance of Musca domestica to Insecticides in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭莱; 李平非; 谭亮

    2011-01-01

    目的 掌握长沙市城区家蝇抗性动态.方法 点滴法.结果 2010年5种杀虫剂LD50分别为溴氰菊酯0.0262 μg/虫、氯氰菊酯0.3189 μg/虫、氯菊酯0.1490 μg/虫、敌敌畏0.2320 μg/虫、高效氯氰菊酯0.1506μg/虫.结论 长沙市家蝇对5种杀虫剂的抗药性相比于2003年呈整体上升趋势,但抗药性增长到一定程度会出现相对平缓的波动状态.%Objective To investigate the resistance of Musca domestka to pesticides in urban areas of Changsha in 2010. Method Dropping method was used in this study. Results The LD50 of five kinds of pesticides was deltamethrin0.0262, cypermethrin0.3189, permethrin0.1490, DDVP0.2320, andcypemnethrin 0.1506, respectively. Conclusions Compared with the year 2003, the resistance of Musca domestka to the five insecticides showed an overall upward trend, but the resistance was in a state of relatively smooth fluctuation when it increased to a certain extent.

  12. The impact of medical insurance policies on the hospitalization services utilization of people with schizophrenia: A case study in Changsha, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yi; Xiong, Xianjun; Xue, Qiuji; Yao, Lan; Luo, Fei; Xiang, Li

    2013-05-01

    To evaluate the impact of two medical insurers' policies on the hospitalization of people with schizophrenia and the economic burden they faced during a period of rapid health services reform in China. A comparative analysis was made of Urban Employee-Basic Medical Insurance (UE-BMI) and Urban Residents-Basic Medical Insurance (UR-BMI) policies on the medical management of schizophrenics, and was compared with hospitalization expenses, insurer reimbursement data and other information collected from the HMO (health maintenance organization) and social insurance agencies on the care of people with schizophrenia in Changsha in 2010. In-depth interviews were also conducted with relevant managers. Compared with inpatients covered by UR-BMI, the inpatients of UE-BMI were admitted to higher level medical institutions and were prescribed expensive second generation antipsychotics (SGA) medicines. Nevertheless, the hospitalization service utilization and cost of inpatients' hospitalization under UE-BMI were far less than that of inpatients under UR-BMI. The insurance level difference between two medical insurance schemes influences the treatment regimens and benefits received by patients. Furthermore, the integration of schizophrenia management into the outpatient services pooling fund for special diseases(OS-PFSD) can appropriately reduce hospitalization utilization, which, together with the payment way reform and the prescription of reasonable medications, can significantly reduce the overall hospitalization cost for patients.

  13. Situation of Registered Patients with Severe Mental Illness in Changsha%长沙市在册重性精神疾病患者现况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢强明; 陈姗; 刘鲲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To grasp the situation of registered patients with severe mental illness in Chang-sha and to provide the evidence for strengthening the prevention and control work of severe mental illness . Methods:We explored and statistically analyzed the information data from the national data collection and analysis system of severe mental illness by the end of June 30 ,2014 in Changsha .Results:There were 21418 patients with severe mental illness accumulative total registered in Changsha ,the detection rate of patients was 3 .00‰,19150 patients were managed and the management ratio was 89 .41%.Male 9919 cases(46.31%),female 11499 cases(53.69%);almost 4/5(79.32%) patients belonged to 18 ~59 years old labor force;Patients were generally with lower culture level ,75 .78%patients had primary edu-cation or even below primary ,only 3.26%patients were junior college degree or above;Only 4.47%pa-tients had family history;34 .08%patients were not married or had got divorced .56 .16% patients were farmers;most patients were in poor families ,only 25 .51%were not in poor families;88 .98%patients be-longed to schizophrenia , only 11 .02% patients belonged to other five severe mental illnesses .Conclu-sion:The government and society should give more care and help to the severe mental illness which has serious impacts on patients ,their families and society;The city of Changsha still has a great job to do on improving the detection rate and management of patients better .%目的:掌握长沙市目前在册的重性精神疾病患者的现况,为加强重性精神疾病防控工作提供依据。方法:从国家重性精神疾病数据收集分析系统中导出截止2014年6月30日长沙市上报的所有重性精神疾病患者信息数据,进行统计分析。结果:长沙市累计登记在册的重性精神疾病患者21418例,患者检出率为3.00‰,实施管理的患者19048例,管理率为88.93%;男性9919例(46.31%),女性11499

  14. 基于潜力模型的国土经济空间差异性分析--以湖南省为例%Spatial Difference Analysis of Land Economy Based on Potential Energy Model:A Case Study of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马世发; 蔡玉梅; 念沛豪

    2014-01-01

    基于中心地和网络城市理论,利用潜力模型对省级国土经济空间结构进行识别。该模型以百度地图服务为基础,建立时间可达性分析模块,提取网络城市节点之间的时间距离;以 GDP 等指标作为网络城市节点经济实力的综合性度量,并利用双对数 Pareto 交通流模型建立各中心节点影响力势能场衰减模型。以中部地区湖南省为案例,分析了网络城市组织下的国土空间经济结构。结果表明,湖南省当前呈现出多中心组团模式,整体格局表现为单中心圈层式结构,长株潭城市群是整个国土经济空间的增长极;交通网络带动的经济势能场对传统“点-轴”结构认知具有重要影响。国土经济空间结构识别对湖南省国土规划关于经济空间布局具有重要的参考作用。%A potential model is applied to recognize the provincial land economy structure according to the theories of central place and network cities.Based on the Baidu service map,the potential model builds the tool to retrieve the time distance among cities.GDP and some other indices are used to measure the economic effect for different central place.Furthermore,a Pareto model is used to represent the potential attenuation of economy among different urban areas.Hunan province,which is located in the central part of China,is taken as a case study area.The results indicate that the current economic zones of Hunan Province present obvious single-center structure,and the metropolitan area of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan is the core of the whole territorial space.In addition,traffic network is an important factor which has influenced the distribution of economic zones.The economic zones under the background of network cities can help the planners to allocate economic activities more reasonably for territorial spatial planning.

  15. 气候变化对湖南省农业水旱灾害的影响研究方法探讨%AN APPROACH TO THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOOD AND DROUGHT DISASTERS IN HUNAN PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓运员; 郑文武; 刘沛林

    2011-01-01

    随着全球气候变化的不断加剧,区域气温、降水、辐射等都发生了重大变化,其对农业发展也具有重要影响,研究气候变化对湖南农业水旱灾害的影响及适应性对策有利于减小灾害性天气及气候系统对湖南省农业的影响,适时找出适合湖南区域特点的应对措施,并进一步完善当前全球气候变化对农作物生长研究的不足.基于英国哈德莱气候中心的区域气候模式PRECIS系统的区域尺度气候情景模拟结果,借助于GIS技术运用EPIC和SWAT模型分别模拟未来不同气候情景下湖南水稻产量和水资源的变化,通过对过去50年气候变化及其对水稻模拟产量的影响研究,可以总结湖南省应对气候变化引发的水旱灾害的策略和方法,并进一步提出未来气候变化情景下的适应性对策,可以为政府和相关决策部门应对未来水旱灾害的适应性对策提供参考依据.%With the growing global climate change, regional temperature, precipitation, radiation and so on has undergone major changes ,and it also has an important effect on agricultural development. Study on impacts and adaptation measurements of climate change on flood and drought disasters of agricultural can not only help reduce the impact of disasters weather and climate system on agriculture in Hunan Province, but also help find suitable responses to regional characteristics of Hunan and further improve the research deficiencies in current global climate change on crop growth. Based on the regional-scale climate scenarios simulation results of UK's Hadley Climate Center regional climate model PRECIS system, using GIS technology, EPIC and SWAT model to respectively simulate the changes on rice yield and water resources under different climate scenarios in the future in Hunan, through the study of climate change and its impact on rice simulation yield during the past 50 years,strategies and methods to address flood and drought

  16. 湖南农业旅游名牌发展战略和开发模式及对策%Study on Strategy of Top Brand and Development Mode and Countermeasures of Hunan Agriculture Tourism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谌文; 彭新沙

    2011-01-01

    Using the theories of tourism, agricultural economics and brand management, this paper systematically studies the top brand strategy, development mode and countermeasures of Hunan agricultural tourism. Research shows that as a big province of agriculture and tourism, facing the fierce market competition, it is the general trends for Hunan to implement agricultural tourism top brand strategy. It will be helpful to promote the transformation and upgrade of the agricultural structure and agricultural tourism, to promote the development of modem agriculture, to expand the development space of agricultural brand and tourism brand. The growth of Hunan agricultural turism brand faces not only the favorable opporttmities of regional turism cooperation deepening, agricultural resources superiority, the industrialization of agriculture and the extensively development of the new countryside construction, but also the severe challenges of weak brand consciousness, aggravating domestic competition, lacking of long-term financing channel and tourism talents. The main modes of Hunan agricultural tourism brand carrier development can be divided into four types of rural type, village type, science and technology type, agricultural trade type. So in the process of making and inplementing agricultural turism top brand strategy, strong measures should be focused on the aspects of strategy thinking, development plan, regional features, marketing innovation and environment constructing etc.%本文运用旅游学、农业经济学及品牌管理理论,对湖南农业旅游名牌战略和开发模式及对策进行了系统研究.结果表明,湖南作为农业大省和旅游大省,面对日益激烈的市场竞争,实施农业旅游名牌战略已经是大势所趋;农业旅游名牌战略有利于推动农业结构和农业旅游的转型升级,有利于推动现代农业的发展,有利于扩大农业品牌、旅游品牌的发展空间.湖南农业旅游名

  17. Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Online-Offline, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on technology, on advances in such areas as aeronautics, electronics, physics, the space sciences, as well as computers and the attendant progress in medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Describes educational resources for elementary and middle school students, including Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videotapes, books,…

  18. Survey on Farming Culture of Ancient Villages and Tourism Development: A Case Study of Hongjiang City in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei; FANG

    2014-01-01

    The origin of human civilization is based on agriculture and settlement,and the ancient villages preserved up to now can be rated as " museum and historical library of rural lifestyle and rural culture",which are of important historical and cultural value. Through the field survey of farming culture resources of ancient villages in Hongjiang City of Hunan Province,this article classifies and evaluates the farming culture and ancient village resources,and sets forth the following recommendations for the development of ancient village tourism: strengthening the product differentiation development; focusing on the cultivation and integration of resources; enhancing the village environmental remediation.

  19. Sr Isotope Constraints on the Age and Source of Ore—Forming Materials of Gold Deposits,Southwestern Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭建堂; 戴塔根; 等

    2000-01-01

    We have measured Rb and Sr concentrations in fluid inclusions of quartz in gold deposits,southwestern Hunan,The Rb-Sr isochron ages of 435±9Ma and 412±33Ma are respectively determined,revealing that gold mineralization in this area took place in the Caledonian period rather than in the Wuling-Xuefeng period as traditionalyy considered.Sr isotope geochemistry of the hydrothermal fluid indicates that the ore-forming materials are of crust origin,derived largely from the ore-hositng strata rather than from the basic dikes.

  20. The Hot—Spring Genesis of the Shimen Realgar Deposit,Northwest Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张景荣; 王蔚; 等

    1993-01-01

    The Shimen realgar deposit is characterized by the pipi-shaped orebody and the development of silica sinter and hydrothermal explosive breccia which are typical of hot spring activity.Very similar trace-element associations are noticed between the silica cap and the breccia and modern hot spring waters in the area.The chemistr of ore-forming solutions is also well comparable with that of modern hot spring.,The spring system that gave rise to the mineralization was charged by ground waters heated through thermal conducting systems in the deep crust and,to a lesser extent,by geothermal gradient.ΔD,δ18O,δ13CCH4andδ13CH4andδ13CCO2values and 40Ar/36Ar and 3He/4He ratios indicate that the spring system is of crustal derivation.The ore-forming metals were supplied by surrounding strata,particularly those underlying the ore deposits.The mechanim of ore deposition is thought to be hydrothermal explosion and accompanying boiling and abrupt changes in pH and Eh.Located in northwest Hunan,the Shimen realgar deposit is the leading arsenic producer in the country,However,regardless of its long mining history,the genesis of this deposit has long been a puzzle.It was considered to be postmagmatic epithermal in the leading arsenic producer in the puzzle.It Was considered to be postmagmatic epithermal in origin,but this is trongly challenged by filling(metasomatism)in karst environment proposed later by Zhou Zhiquan(1986)also encounters a number of difficulties.For example,why can the pipi-shaped orebody vertically extend up to several hundreds meters without any compatible development in the lateral dimension? A hot spring genesis is suggested in the present paper based on geological observations and laboratory studies conducted by the authors in recent years.

  1. Drug use and its associated factors among money boys in Hunan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, G L; Zhang, A D; Yu, Y; Liu, H; Long, F Y; Yan, J

    2016-11-01

    To describe drug use, types of drugs and related factors among money boys in Hunan Province, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted between July 2012 and January 2013. Based on respondent-driven sampling, researchers located seven 'seeds' via a gay-dating website: http://www.ixxqy.org. After three waves of recruitment, 234 money boys were enrolled. They were asked to complete a 23-item questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics, drug use, a history of human immunodeficiency virus infection and family environment. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were conducted using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Version 20.0. In total, 205 valid questionnaires were collected. Based on the data collected, 80 (39.0%) money boys had used drugs within the last 3 months. Rush popper (36.6%) and methamphetamine (12.7%) were used most commonly, and other drugs used were ecstasy (7.8%), ketamine (5.9%), marijuana (2.4%), morphine (1.5%), heroin (1.0%) and cocaine (0.5%). Factors included in the logistic regression were length of service (odds ratio [OR] 0.395, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.175-0.896), being an only child (OR 2.272, 95% CI 1.108-4.659), relationship between parents (OR 0.428, 95% CI 0.213-0.858) and social network (OR 2.387, 95% CI 1.144-4.970). A shorter length of service and a good relationship between parents were protective factors against drug use, while being an only child and having a wide social network were risk factors. Drug use is common among money boys. This study found that length of service, being an only child, relationship between parents and social network are associated with drug use. Copyright © 2016 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Comparative Analysis of Two Rainstorms in the Southwest of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LV; Xiao-hua; DAI; Jin; YANG; Ke; ZHU; He-xiang

    2012-01-01

    Using NCEP 1°× 1° reanalysis data within 6 h, conventional observational data, data from regional automatic rainfall stations, satellite cloud pictures and Doppler radar data, we compared the physical conditions, dynamic and thermodynamic characteristics of two rainstorms in the southwest of Hunan Province on May 12 and June 15 in 2011. The results showed that the first process was triggered by strong cold air under unstable potential, while the second process was caused by shear line appearing from the east; during the first process, cold air divided into many parts and moved towards south, rainfall was uniform and lasted for a long time, while rainfall was relatively concentrated and strong, and lasted for a short time during the second process; the peak of K index appeared only during the second process; no sign of heavy rainfall was found from satellite cloud pictures and radar echo pictures during the first process, while obvious cloud cluster and echo ribbons could be found from satellite cloud pictures and radar echo pictures during the second process, which were the sign of heavy rainfall; slow movement of echo or little movement resulted in the second rainstorm, and constant echo intensity was the main reason for the occurrence of the second rainstorm. In addition, there was low-level southwest jet during the two processes, which provided favorable conditions for the transportation of water vapor and energy during the two processes. However, there was a great difference between the two rainstorms in the intensity and thickness of low-level jet, that is, the intensity and thickness of low-level jet during the first process were obviously weaker than these during the second process.

  3. Cognition on Emerging Infectious Diseases of Rural Doctors in Hunan Province%湖南省3个县乡村医务人员对新发传染病认知水平调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓常青; 杨倩; 钟贵良

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解湖南省3个县乡村医生对新发传染病认知水平,为农村新发传染病防治提供科学依据。方法应用自行设计的调查表,采用多级抽样的方法,抽取湖南省3个县(长沙县、平江县、邵东县)9个乡卫生院的乡村医生共209名作为调查对象,了解乡村医生基本情况、对新发传染病相关知识的知晓情况、对几种常见和不常见新发传染病知识知晓情况、对新发传染病政策相关知识知晓情况、新发传染病知识知晓主要途径等。结果本组调查对象对严重急性呼吸综合征(severe acute respiratory syndromes, SARS)、甲型H1N1流感等常见新发传染病的相关知识有一定程度的了解,尤其是SARS和甲型H1N1流感的传播途径知晓率达80.9%;对不常见的新发传染病,如埃博拉出血热病毒、莱姆病的相关知识知晓率偏低;对于新发传染病政策相关知识正确率较低,最低的是“甲类传染病未实行网络直报报告时间”一项,知晓率仅为4.3%。对新发传染病知识知晓途径通过培训获得的仅占5.3%。结论应加大乡村医生新发传染病防治相关知识、政策及操作技能的培训力度,扩大培训方式,提高其新发传染病防治能力。%Objective To understand the cognition on emerging infectious diseases of rural doctors in Hunan province, to provide a scientific basis for preventing emerging infectious diseases in rural areas. Methods With multistage sampling, totally 209 doctors from rural hospitals in 9 towns of 3 counties (Changsha County, Pingjiang County, Shaodong County) in Hunan Province were investigated by self-designed questionnaires to understand the basic information of rural doctors, their basic knowledge on emerging infectious diseases, the understanding of the policies regarding emerging infectious diseases, the way to know emerging infectious diseases, etc. Results Most of the respondents knew much on

  4. 长沙版蒙特利尔认知评估量表的信度、效度检测与血管性认知障碍理想划界分值%The study on reliability, validity of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (Changsha Version) and preliminary exploration of its optimal cutoff score for detecting vascular cognitive impairment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂秋云; 靳慧; 丁斌蓉; 杨霞; 雷曾辉; 白松; 唐湘祁

    2012-01-01

    目的 在湖南地区缺血性脑血管病人群中进行长沙版蒙特利尔认知评估量表(Montreal cognitive assessment,MoCA)的信度、效度检测并初步探索其筛查血管性认知障碍(vascular cognitive impairment,VCI)的理想划界分值.方法 在长沙地区年龄≥40岁的159例缺血性脑血管病患者中进行长沙版MoCA、简易精神状态检查量表(mini-mental state examination,MMSE)、认知检测组合(包括中国修订韦氏成人智力量表中的计算、相似性、数字广度、木块图测验;中国修定韦氏记忆量表中的常识和定向、逻辑记忆、视觉再认;Stroop测试)及其他相关量表的评估.并于首次评估后的3~5周在随机选取的30例子样本中进行长沙版MoCA的复评.分别计算长沙版MoCA的内部一致性信度、重测信度、调查员信度、平行效度,并根据ROC曲线(receiver operator characteristic curve)分析探索其筛查VCI的理想划界分值.结果 长沙版MoCA的克朗巴赫系数(Cronbach's α)为0.846、重测信度为0.974、调查员信度为0.969;长沙版MoCA与MMSE及简式智商的Pearson相关系数分别为0.879及0.799;按照受教育年限≤6年者总分加1分,以26/27分作为诊断VCI的划界分(≤26分存在VCI),可得到最佳的灵敏度(90.0%)及特异度(70.9%).以该划界分进行诊断的结果与临床专家组的认知诊断结果间的Kappa一致性系数为0.610.结论 长沙版MoCA的信度、效度良好,适合在湖南地区缺血性脑血管病人群中进行VCI筛查;长沙版MoCA为一个适合中国大陆人群使用的中文版MoCA,有进一步向全国推广使用的潜力.%Objective To examine the reliability, validity of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (Changsha Version) (MoCA-CS) in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease in Hunan province and explore its optimal cutoff score for detecting vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). Methods MoCA-CS, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a detailed

  5. ±800kV酒泉特高压直流入湘对湖南电网暂态电压稳定性的影响%Impacts of ±800 kV DC Power Transmission From Jiuquan to Hunan on Transient Voltage Stability of Hunan Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖国栋; 谢欣涛; 侯益灵; 徐超

    2012-01-01

    基于湖南电网2015年规划数据,应用电力系统分析综合程序(power system analysis software package,PSASP)分析了±800kV滔泉特高压直流入湘对湖南电网暂态电压稳定性的影响。分析结果表明:±800kV酒泉直流入湘后湖南电网机组的开机数量和电容器组投切量均将相应减少,但湘东500kV环网的无功损耗将增加,同时扰动后酒泉直流还将从湘东500kV环网吸入大量无功,最终减弱了扰动后湖南电网电压的恢复能力,降低了湖南电网的暂态电压稳定水平。分析结果可为其他电网研究特高压直流对受端电网的影响提供参考。%According to the planned data of Hunan power grid for the year of 2015, the influence of transmitting power via ±800 kV HVDC transmission line from Jiuquan to Hunan power grid on transient voltage stability of Hunan power grid is simulated by power system analysis software package (PSASP) Simulation results show that under the power transmission from Jiuquan to Hunan via ±800 kV HVDC transmission line the number of being operated generating units in Hunan power grid as well as the capacity of switched over capacitor banks are reduced correspondingly, however the reactive power loss of 500 kV electromagnetic looped network in East Hunan will increase, and after the disturbance the ±800 kV HVDC system will absorb large amount of reactive power from 500 kV electromagnetic looped network in East Hunan, thus the ability of voltage recovery of Hunan power grid after the disturbance will be weakened and the transient voltage stability level of Hunan power grid will be decreased.

  6. 长沙、成都男性犯罪青少年精神障碍患病率调查%Prevalence of Mental Disorders in the Male Juvenile Delinquents, Changsha and Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建松; 陈琛; 王红; 张四美; 罗宇鹏; 邱昌建; 蔡伟雄; 王小平

    2012-01-01

    目的:比较长沙、成都两地男性青少年犯罪者及不同犯罪类型间精神障碍患病率差异.方法:抽取长沙某未成年管教所100例暴力犯罪青少年、65例非暴力犯罪青少年,成都某未成年管教所90例暴力犯罪青少年,抽取长沙某中学40名、成都某中学50名高中学生为对照.以儿童少年精神障碍调查表及半定式诊断检查表,调查精神障碍的患病状况.结果:长沙暴力犯罪组品行障碍(CD)(86.6%)、物质滥用(17.6%)和物质依赖(9.9%)的患病率,长沙非暴力犯罪组CD (75.0%)和物质滥用(11.7%)的患病率均显著高于长沙对照组;成都暴力犯罪组注意缺陷障碍(17.3%)、对抗性障碍(18.5%)、CD(69.1%)和物质滥用(22.2%)的患病率均显著高于成都对照组.长沙暴力组与成都暴力组的注意缺陷患病率(5.0%vs.20.8%)与CD患病率(90.0% vs 73.6%)差异显著.结论:青少年犯罪者精神健康问题严重,迫切需要制定和实施针对青少年犯罪精神状况有效的评估和治疗方法.%Objective: To investigate and compare the mental health of the juvenile delinquents, in Changsha and Chengdu. Methods: 100 male violent juvenile offenders and 65 male non-violent juvenile offenders in a Juvenile Correctional Facility of Changsha, and 90 male violence juvenile offenders in a Juvenile Correctional Facility of Chengdu, 40 high school students from a middle school of Changsha and 50 high school students from a middle school of Chengdu were investigated with the Investigation Screening Inventory for Child Mental Disorder (self-made) and the Kiddy Schedule for Affective Diseases and Schizophrenia (K-SADS-PL). Results: In the Changsha violent group, 86.6% of the juvenile offenders met the criteria for Conduct Disorder (CD), 17.6% met the criteria for the Substance Abuse, 9.9% met the criteria for the Substance Dependence, these were all significantly higher than those of the Changsha control group. In the

  7. QUATERNARY GEOLOGY & GEOMORPHOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>20112526Bai Daoyuan (Hunan Institute of Geology Survey,Changsha 410011,China); Liu Bo Quaternary Tectonic-Sedimentary Characteristics and Environmental Evolution of Linli Sag,Dongting Basin (Journal of

  8. Successfully introduce maize DNA fragments into rice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGKaizhi

    1994-01-01

    The maize DNA fragments was successfully incorporated into rice by Associate Prof WAN Wenju's research team at Hunan Agricultural College, Changsha, China. The new gene transferring rice is named Genetic Engineered Rice (GER) line.

  9. Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional answer card reading method using OMR (Optical Mark Reader, most commonly, OMR special card special use, less versatile, high cost, aiming at the existing problems proposed a method based on pattern recognition of the answer card identification method. Using the method based on Line Segment Detector to detect the tilt of the image, the existence of tilt image rotation correction, and eventually achieve positioning and detection of answers to the answer sheet .Pattern recognition technology for automatic reading, high accuracy, detect faster

  10. 基于长沙市T区社区管理模式现状的思考%Thoughts on the Status Quo of Community Management Model in Changsha T District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡莹; 袁鸣宇

    2012-01-01

    This paper takes Changsha T district as an study case,and it tries to find out the existing problems of current community management model of Changsha through the investigation of T district: the administration of management system, the dislocation and absence of government functions, the low involvement in community management of community residents and community intermediary organizations, the heavy workload of the community, etc.In order to solve the series of problems in the community management, the relationship between government,community, community intermediary organization and residents must be re-analyzed,and should straighten out the community management system,make clear of the government functions,foster community intermediary organizations,cultivate the participation awareness of the residents and establish a functional community management model for Changsha.%以长沙市T区为分析案例,通过对T区进行调查研究,寻找当前长沙市社区管理模式存在的一些问题:管理体制的行政化,政府职能的错位与缺位,居民与社区中介组织参与社区管理程度低,社区工作任务繁重,等等。要解决当前社区管理存在的一系列问题,必须重新考析政府、社区、社区中介组织以及居民之间的关系,理顺社区管理体制,明确政府职能,大力培育社区中介组织,培养居民的参与意识,构建长沙市功能型社区管理模式。

  11. The Survey and Application Research on Native Vine Plants in Changsha City%长沙乡土藤本植物资源调查与应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎育成

    2014-01-01

    通过实地调查和资料分析,确认长沙分布有乡土藤本植物30科、89种。依据其攀援方式,可将长沙乡土藤本植物划分为如下4类,即缠绕藤本32种,吸附性藤本10种,攀缘藤本43种,蔓生性藤本4种。阐述了它们在垂直绿化、边坡生态修复、石漠化治理上的应用,同时就在国家生态文明建设中,如何能有效地发挥长沙乡土藤本植物的支持作用进行了探讨。%Based on the field survey and the analysis of the literatures,the paper confirmed that there were 89 speices from 30 genera native vine plants in Changsha city. According to the climbing mechanics,the native vine plants in Changsha could be divided into 4 kinds:32 speices of twiining vine,10 species of adsorption vine,43 speices of climbers,4 speices of vining growth vine. This arcticle not only demonstraed the application of the vine plants on vertical greening,ecological recovery of slope and rocky desertification control,but also put forward suggestions on how to make the native vine plants in Changsha city to contribute for the spiritual civilization construction of China.

  12. 湖南考古的世纪回眸%A Review of Hunan Archaeology at the Turn of the Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何介钧

    2001-01-01

    Hunan is a province with abundant cultural relics and splendid ancient culture in South China. Since the founding of New China, archaeological work has vigorously grown across this region and has continuously obtained new fruits through its three major developmental stages. Spectacular achievements have been acquired in the understanding of Palaeolithic cultural groups, the study of cultural remains at the transitional stage between the Palaeolithic and Neolithic Age, the establishment of the pedigree of Neolithic archaeological cultures and research on early Neolithic cultures, the investigation of the origin of rice agriculture and prehistoric city-sites, the revelation of remains of archaeological cultures in Shang and Zhou times and the grouping of bronzes, the discovery and study of numerous tombs from the Chu and Han periods, and the archaeology of kiln-sites and the study of ceramics. At present, archaeological work in Hunan has reached the new stage when excavations and synthetic studies are carried out mainly around important archaeological problems. With the application of new techniques and the deepening of researches, it will certainly achieve more glorious success in the new century.

  13. Reasons for Non-Enrollment in Treatment among Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Hunan Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Tao; Li, Yanhong; Yang, Kunyun; Tang, Yi; Bai, Liqiong

    2017-01-01

    In 2015, only 49% of notified multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients in China were estimated to have initiated treatment, compared with 90% of those worldwide. A case-control study was conducted to identify the reasons for non-enrollment in treatment among MDR-TB patients in Hunan province, China. All detected MDR-TB patients registered in designated MDR-TB hospitals in Hunan province from 2011 to 2014 were included and followed until June 2015 to determine their treatment status. Approximately 33.8% (482/1425) of patients were not enrolled in standardized treatment. Factors associated with lower enrollment rate were: age greater than 60 years, living in rural area, unemployed or occupation unreported. Of those who were not enrolled in MDR-TB treatment, the primary reasons for non-enrollment included economic hardship (23.0%), out-migration for work (18.0%), concerns about work and studies (13.7%), and the belief that they were cured after undergoing drug-sensitive TB treatment (12.4%). Therefore, comprehensive strategies targeting priority populations, especially those enhancing treatment affordability and availability, need to be implemented to improve MDR-TB control. PMID:28114320

  14. Accelerate the development of International Education in Hunan colleges and the countermeasures%加快湖南高校留学生教育发展的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玲君

    2013-01-01

    Based on Hunan college students education development condition analysis, summed up the Hunan college student education development characteristic and existence problem, put forward to accelerate international education in Hunan colleges and the countermeasure of development and proposal.%  通过对湖南高校留学生教育发展状况的分析,总结出湖南高校留学生教育发展特点及存在问题,并提出加快湖南高校留学生教育发展的对策与建议。

  15. ABOUT MR.ZHANG SHUNHUI'S COMMENT ON NEO-CONFUCIANISM IN HUNAN%张舜徽湘学研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单晓娜; 涂耀威

    2011-01-01

    Neo-confucianism in Htman is the academic and cultural concept which refers to Hunan studies. In Zhang Shunhui's writings, there are massively comment on Neoconfucianism in Hunan. Both has the panorama-like contemplation, and has person's feature article. Mr.Zhang Shunhui unfolded the scholar's academic style of ttunan vividly, and elaborated the academic origin or characteristic of the Neo-confucianism in Hunan comprehensively and objectively. We can feel to the remarkable cultural characteristic in region of Neo-confucianism in Hunan completely.%湘学是一个特指的学术文化概念。张舜徽在其著述中有大量有关湘学的论述,既有全景式的观照.又有个人的特写,生动地展现了湘籍学人的行事和学术风范,全面、客观的论述了湘学的学术渊源、学术特征,使我们充分感受到了湘学显著的地域文化特点。

  16. Red Genesis: The Hunan First Normal School and the Creation of Chinese Communism, 1903-1921. SUNY Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Liyan

    2012-01-01

    How did an obscure provincial teachers college produce graduates who would go on to become founders and ideologues of the Chinese Communist Party? Mao Zedong, Cai Hesen, Xiao Zisheng, and others attended the Hunan First Normal School. Focusing on their alma mater, this work explores the critical but overlooked role modern schools played in sowing…

  17. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Hemerocallis Flava from Hunan China%中国湖南黄花菜精油分析及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军

    2003-01-01

    Volatile oil of Hemerocallis flava flower from Hunan China was obtained by simultaneous distillation- solvent extraction.Following, the essential oil was analyzed by GC and GC - MS. Fifty- one components were identified, constituting approximately 92.04% of the oil. The main constituents of the essential oil were 3 - furanmethanol (47.90%) and 2 - furancarboxaldehyde (10.41%).

  18. Study of vegetation diversity of Changsha urban wetland%长沙城市湿地植物多样性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴兴安; 胡曰利

    2012-01-01

    以长沙市辖五区及周边郊区10km范围内湿地为研究对象,对不同湿地类型植物物种多样性及其变化特征进行了分析,根据不同湿地类型中植物种组成,探讨了植物种在湿地中的分布及定居特点。研究表明,长沙市不同湿地类型中主要有芦苇(Phragmites australis)、菖蒲(Acorus calamus)、菱(Trapa bispinosa)、野艾蒿(Artemis-ia lavandulaefolia)、问荆(Equisetum arvense)、苍耳(Xanthium sibiricum)、一年蓬(Erigeron annuus)、空心莲子草(Alternanthera philoxeroides)等20个植物群落;植被类型以草本群落为主,并且主要为二年或多年生植物,共有24种,其次有14种一年生草本,而灌木与乔木等木本植物分布较少;不同湿地类型植物种丰富度差异不大,植物种丰富度最高为23个种,其中特有种只有5个。从河流湿地到沟渠,种多样性指数变化没有明显规律,Simp-son指数和Shannon-Wiener指数最大的是沟渠,分别为18.08和3.75,其次是山塘水库;Pielou均匀度指数表现出与多样性指数大体一致的状况,沟渠〉山塘〉河流〉湖泊〉景观水面。%Investigation of plant species diversity and the changing characteristics in different types of Changsha urban wetland was performed.We also examined the distribution of different types of wetland vegetations.The result of this study showed that there are 20 plant communities in Changsha urban wetland including Phragmites australi,Acorus calamus,Trapa bispinosa,Artemisia lavandulaefolia,Equisetum arvense,Xanthium sibiricum,Erigeron annuus,Alternanthera philoxeroides,etc.The herb community is the mainly vegetation type.There are 24 types of perennial plants.Among them,14 types are annual herbs,and shrubs and trees are few.The difference of vegetation diversity in different wetlands is small.The wetland which had the highest species richness contained 23 species and only five of them are endemic species.Although we get some

  19. 长沙市青春期儿童肥胖与血压的关系%Relationship between obesity and blood pressure among teenagers in Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康如彤; 钟燕; 蒋耀辉; 刘康香; 游诚

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between obesity and blood pressure among teenagers in Changsha City in order to provide reference data for prevention of teenagers hypertension. Methods According to cluster sample method sampling pricipal, All student from junior 1 to senior 2 in 18 middle schools were measured about their blood pressure,height and weight.at the same time,the level of blood pressure and nutrition status were evaluated. Results (l)Among 18922 teenagers aged 12-17 years old, 1276 teenagers were attacked with hypertension and the prevalence ratios was 6.7%,The ratios of male and female were 7.6% and 5.8% respectively. (2)The levels of SBP and DBP in every age group were significantly higher in the obesity group than those in the control group,and the difference was significant. (3)Among male/emale and all teenagers ,the hypertension ratios were significantly higher in the obesity group than those in the control group,and the difference was significant. Conclusion The hypertension ratio was intermediate level for teenagers aged 12-17 years old in Changsha City;Obesity is positive related with blood pressure in children;Children obesity were the important risk factors of teenagers hypertension.%目的:了解长沙市青春期儿童肥胖与血压的关系,为预防青春期儿童高血压提供依据.方法:采用随机整群抽样方法,随机抽取长沙市18所中学生,对其初一至高二的全部学生进行血压和体格测量,并进行血压和营养状况的评价.结果:(1)18922名12~17岁儿童青少年中,检出患高血压者1276人,占6.7%,男、女生检出率分别为7.6%和5.8%;(2)肥胖组各个年龄段收缩压和舒张压平均水平均显著高于同性别同龄儿童的收缩压和舒张压平均水平,且差异有显著性.(3)男、女生和所有儿童合计分析,均显示肥胖组儿童的高血压检出率明显高于对于对照组,且差异有显著性.结论:长沙市12~17岁青春期儿童高血压发生

  20. Adsorptive properties of alluvial soil for arsenic(V) and its potential for protection of the shallow groundwater among Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan cities, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hongwei; Mei, Jinhua; Luo, Yueping; Qiu, Anni; Wang, Huan

    2017-02-01

    The study area is among Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan cities, which was under agricultural use and natural conditions about 10 years ago and now is becoming part of the metropolis because of the urban expansion. This study aims to investigate the mechanisms and capabilities of the local alluvial soil layer for protecting the local shallow groundwater from arsenic pollution by field surveys and batch experiments. The field surveys showed that there was an acidic tendency of the groundwater, and phosphate, nitrate, and arsenic in the groundwater significantly increased comparing to their reference values. It indicates that the disturbance of the former agricultural land due to the change of land use may be responsible for these changes. From the experimental results, the maximum adsorption capacity of the soil for As(V) was as low as 0.334 mg/g, and lower As(V) adsorption capacities were obtained at higher As(V) concentration, higher pH, and lower temperature. The presence of H2PO4(-) and SiO3(2-) posed negative, while HCO3(-) slight positive, and SO4(2-), NO3(-) and Cl(-) negligible influences on the As(V) adsorption. The surface-derived organic matter played a negative role in the adsorption process, and low specific surface area influenced adsorption capacity of the soil. The study reveals that the local soil layer shows poor potential for protection of the local shallow groundwater from As(V) pollution, and the change trends of the groundwater environments due to more intensive anthropogenic activities will further weaken this potential and increase the risk of the groundwater contamination.

  1. Fixed Ammonium in Major Types of Paddy Soils in Hunan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG YANGZHU; LIAO JIPEI; SUN YUHUAN; FENG YUEHUA; HUANG YUNXIANG

    2003-01-01

    The contents, affecting factors, seasonal changes and availability of fixed ammonium in major types ofpaddy soils derived from different parent materials in Hunan Province, China, were studied using the Silva-Bremner method by laboratory and pot experiments. Results showed that the content of fixed ammoniumin the plough horizons ranged from 88.3 mg kg-1 to 388.1 mg kg-1, with 273.2 ± 77.7 mg kg-1 on average,accounting for 11.2% of total soil N on average. Content of fixed ammonium decreased in the order of newlylacustrine clayey paddy soil > alluvial sandy paddy soil > purple clayey paddy soil > newly alluvial sandypaddy soil > yellow clayey paddy soil > reddish-yellow clayey paddy soil > granitic sandy paddy soil. Therewere four distribution patterns of fixed ammonium in the profiles to 1-m depth, i.e., increase with the depth,decrease with increasing depth, no distinct change with the depth, and abrupt increase or decrease in somehorizon. Percentage of fixed ammonium in total N increased with the depth in most of the soils. Fixationof NH4+ by soil was higher at 30 ℃ than at 20 ℃ and 40 ℃, and continuous submergence benefited thefixation of NH4+ in newly alluvial sandy paddy soil, purple clayey paddy soil and alluvial sandy paddy soil,while alternating wetting and drying contributed to the fixation of NH4+ in yellow clayey paddy soil mostly.Fixed ammonium content in the test paddy soils was significantly correlated with < 0.01 mm clay content(P < 0.05), but not with < 0.001 mm clay content, total N, organic N and organic matter. Fixed ammoniumcontent varied with rice growth stages. Application of N fertilizer promoted fixation of NH4+ by soil, and Nuptake by rice plant promoted release of fixed ammonium from the soil. Recently fixed ammonium in paddysoil after N fertilizer application was nearly 100% available to rice plant, while native fixed ammonium wasonly partly available, varying with the soil type and rice type.

  2. 基于GIS与RS三维虚拟林相图可视化技术研究%3 D virtual visualization technology research of forest form map based on GIS and RS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利; 王福生; 管远保; 陶冀; 林辉

    2014-01-01

    Three-D visualization technology can make the abstract conceptions and the space phenomena that difficult to directly perceive reality and visualization. Therefore, the technology can be used to simulate woodland vegetation, to demonstrate forest land distribution with virtual method and can abstract various kinds of experiences and concepts of spatial perception beyond the reality that is hard to direct perception of reality and visualization space phenomenon. This study takes Wuchuanhu village of Changsha county in Hunan province as the experimental area, based on the 1︰10 000 topographic maps, the aerial photo with resolution of 0.5 meter and the second class forest resource survey data taken in 2013 as the data sources, and takes full use the advantage of a variety of data, then integrates a variety of data, breaks the traditional two-dimensional forest map, ifnally explores the making method of 3-D forest map based on GIS platform. Through the 3-D forest map making, we can not only taste the changes of forest landscape in three-dimensional space, understand the forest composition with three-dimensional and multi-angle and more intuitively understand the forest spatial structure and distribution law;but also can complete the inquiry and positioning function, thus it is convenient for the forestry sector’s production and business operation and management.%三维可视化能够使抽象概念且难以直接感知的空间现象现实化以及直观化,利用此技术可以对林地植被进行模拟,虚拟演示林地分布情况,能够获得各种超越现实的空间感知的经验。本研究以湖南省长沙县乌川湖村作为实验区,以1∶10000的地形图、分辨率为0.5 m的航片以及2013年二类森林资源调查数据等为数据源,充分利用各种数据的优势,把各种数据融为一体,突破了传统的二维林相图,探索出了基于GIS平台的三维林相图的制作,通过三维林相图的制作,不仅

  3. 基于MOOC的英语教学中的微课建设与翻转课堂实践--以湖南理工职业技术学院《会计英语》为例%The Construction of the Mini Lecture and the Practice of the Flipped Classroom Based on MOOC-Taking the Account-ing English of Hunan Vocational Institute of Technology as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷霞

    2015-01-01

    As a new education mode, MOOC is taking a strong impact on the traditional education mode, and the higher vocational English teaching will also usher in the new reform under the influence of MOOC. The mini course is the important teaching resourc⁃es of MOOC, and the important carrier of the flipped classroom. Based on the MOOC, English teaching should not only stay in the idea, but should be active. This paper expounds the mini video construction and flipped classroom teaching reform exploration and practice in the accounting English course. Let the new technology and new resources to play a role in education, embody the charac⁃teristics of the times and improve learner autonomy.%慕课作为一种新兴教育模式,正以强劲的势头冲击着传统教育模式,高职专业英语教学也将在慕课的影响下迎来新的改革。微课是MOOC重要的教学资源,也是翻转课堂的重要载体。基于MOOC的英语教学,不应只停留在理念,而应该积极行动起来。文章阐述了会计英语课程微视频建设与翻转课堂教学改革探索和实践,让新技术、新资源在教育中发挥作用,体现时代特征,提高学习自主性。

  4. 基于SWOT分析的长沙年货博览会营销战略研究%Research on the marketing strategy of the Changsha Temple Fair Shopping Festival based on SWOT analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛晏; 熊叶舟

    2013-01-01

    会展业作为新兴的朝阳型产业,竞争自然十分激烈。长沙年货博览会开办仅三届已取得不小的市场占有率,在竞争中夺得一席之地。但在其运营过程中也面临很多风险和问题。文章主要通过SWOT分析法对长沙年货博览会进行分析,并提出有利于其长期发展的战略。%Convention and exhibition industry as a emerging sunrise industry,the competition is very fierce.Changsha Temple Fair Shopping Festival opened only three terms have made a big market share to win a place in the competition.But it faces a lot of risks and problems in its operation process.This paper mainly through the SWOT analysis of Changsha Temple Fair Shopping Festival,marketing strategy which is conducive to the long-term development of the fair is put forward.

  5. 长沙新生代农民工政治参与技能提高途径探索%The Exploration of Effective Ways to Improve Skills for New Generation of Changsha Migrants to Participate in Political Affairs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡爱明; 潘斌

    2014-01-01

    With the improvement of new generation of migrants' material status, their awareness of political participation is getting stronger and stronger now. Changsha, as the provincial capital city in the middle part of China, there are as much as 350 thousands new generation of migrants. To enhance the education of their civic awareness, put revolution of household registration system into practice as soon as possible, improve their comprehensive quality, make full use of network platform, all of these are beneficial to improve skills for new generation of Changsha migrants to participate in political affairs, thus lead them a decent life.%伴随着新生代农民工物质地位的提高,他们的政治参与意识与日俱增。长沙作为中部省会城市,新生代农民工达35万之多。加强他们的公民意识教育,尽快落实户口籍改革制度,提高他们的综合素质,充分利用网络平台,有利于提高新生代农民工的政治参与能力,实现体面地有尊严地生活。

  6. [Virological surveillance of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus and its genetic characteristics in Hunan Province, 2009-2011].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hong; Huang, Yi-Wei; Liu, Yun-Zhi; Li, Fang-Cai; Chen, Zhang; Li, Wen-Chao; Deng, Zhi-Hong; Hu, Shi-Xiong; Gao, Li-Dong

    2013-03-01

    To understand and master the dynamic variation of the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 in Hunan province from 2009 to 2011, and to know the genetic characteristics and drug resistance of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 viruses. Throat swab specimens of influenza-like illness patients were collected from sentinel hospitals and tested for influenza by fluorescent PCR or virus isolation methods. Partial isolates were selected for sequencing. The sequences were used for phylogenetic analysis by MEGA 5. 05 software. From the 20th week of 2009 to the 52nd week of 2011, 17 773 specimens were tested. 3 831 specimens were influenza-positive with a positive rate of 21. 6%, of which 1 794 were positive specimens of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, accounting for 46. 8%00 of the influenza-positives. There were 2 epidemic peaks of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, which were in the 41st-53rd week of 2009 and the 1st-12nd week of 2011, respectively. The HA genes of 23 strains that were selected for sequencing had close relationship; the distribution of strains in the phylogenetic tree was basically in chronological order. The complete genome sequence analysis showed that all of 8 gene segments of 7 strains were homologous to the vaccine strain, and there was no gene reassortment. The HA amino acid sites of the 23 strains were highly similar to the vaccine strain (98. 2% - 100. 0% in homology), but all 23 strains had P83S, S203T and 1321V mutations. The 222 site mutation that may lead to enhanced virulence was found in the A/Hunan/YQ30/2009 strain. The mutation was D222E. There was no oseltamivir resistance mutation found in all strains. The pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Hunan province from 2009 to 2011 had a bimodal distribution. There was no large-scale variation of virus genes. The clinical use of oseltamivir was still effective. Key words: Pandemic (H1N1) 2009; Surveillance; Genetic characteristics

  7. Emergy analysis of paddy farming in Hunan Province, China:A new perspective on sustainable development of agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Ting; XIANG Ping-an

    2016-01-01

    The multi-functionality of paddy farming has become a hot issue recently. Paddy farming provides numerous ecosystem services that are crucial to human wel-being. However, evaluation of the contribution of paddy farming to human wel-being usualy focus on its economic value, while its non-market services are usualy ignored. Only evaluating the market proifts or market relative beneifts cannot relfect comprehensively the contribution of paddy farming to people’s wel-being. This wil affect people’s choices for or against paddy farming activities and people’s opt for invest or not invest in it. A compre-hensive evaluation of paddy farming can provide an important reference for the government and society to conserve the multi-functionality of paddy farming and achieve sustainable development. To this end, this paper reports a case evaluation of paddy farming in Hunan, the largest rice producing as wel as rice yield province in China, and uses emergy theory to make a comprehensive evaluation for paddy farming. The emergy evaluation results of the paddy ecosystem in Hunan are as folows: in 2010, the input emergy of the paddy ecosystem in Hunan is 2.51E+22 sej and the output emergy is 6.31E+22 sej. For the input emergy, the part from natural resources is 1.96E+21 sej and the part from human society is 2.32E+22 sej; for the output emergy, the part from products is 2.22E+22 sej, the part from impositive externality is 4.16E+22 sej and the part from negative externality is –7.41E+20 sej. Taking the non-market outputs into consideration, the gains from the human economic society’s 1 $ input in paddy farming, emergy sustainability index (ESI) and emergy proift rate are re-spectively 2.73 $, 3.53 and 151.31%. If the evaluation leave out the non-market output, the three indexes are only 0.96 $, 1.24 and 30.67%. The research results show that non-market services of paddy farming contribute signiifcantly to human wel-being. Therefore, in order to protect the multi

  8. The Influence of Network Shopping on College Students' Consumption Psychology and Behavior--Take students in ChangSha Commerce & Tourism College as an example%网络购物对大学生消费心理和行为的影响--以长沙商贸旅游职业技术学院学生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文祁

    2016-01-01

    随着信息技术的广泛应用,越来越多的人们选择网络购物这一新兴的购物模式。而现代大学生群体,对新生事物具有良好的接受能力和应用能力,他们热衷通过网络世界来实现与外界的情感交往和信息交流,网络购物也势必会成为他们生活学习中选择的范围。本文通过对长沙商贸旅游职业技术学院学生网上消费情况的问卷调查,了解网络环境下大学生的消费心理、真实状况,对引导培养他们健康合理的消费行为具为重要的意义。%With the wide application of information technology, more and more people choose online shopping this new sho-pping mode. And modern college students, the novelty is well accepted and applied ability, they are keen on through the Inter-net to achieve and outside the emotional communication and information exchange, online shopping will for their lives and learning in the range. In this paper, the online consumption of Changsha commerce and Tourism Vocational and technical col-lege students in questionnaire survey, understand the network environment of college students consumption psychology and the real situation, to cultivate their healthy and reasonable consumption behavior is of great significance.

  9. Real Estate Business Cycle in Changsha Based on Diffusion Index Model%基于扩散指数模型的长沙房地产景气循环研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文萱; 龙浪

    2016-01-01

    To achieve sustained and healthy development of the real estate industry in Changsha,in accordance with the principle of business cycle,real estate market indicators in Changsha are collected from 2002 to 2014 and a real estate business cycle evaluation index system is established. Based on the diffusion index model,time series method is used to determine the cyclical fluctuation value of all index. The leading diffusion index, coincident diffusion index and lagging diffusion index were synthetically measured and the curve of the business cycle of estate market was drawn. According to the analysis of coincident diffusion index curve and historical data,real estate market running track of Changsha is drawn from 2002 to 2014. The real estate market in Changsha is predicted and verified respectively by the curve of the leading diffusion index and the lagging diffusion index. Application of the model can effectively determine the real estate business cycle turning point and forecast the future shot-term development trend in Changsha. The results can be helpful for decision-makings of government agency,consumers and real estate developers.%为实现长沙房地产业持续健康发展,按照景气循环原理,收集长沙市2002~2014年房地产市场各项指标数据,建立房地产景气循环评价指标体系。基于扩散指数模型,利用时间序列法测定各指标循环波动值,对长沙市房地产市场先行、同步、滞后景气扩散指数进行综合测度并绘制房地产市场景气循环走势图。根据同步扩散指数曲线与历史数据分析长沙市2002~2014年房地产市场运行轨迹,运用先行扩散指数和滞后扩散指数曲线分别对长沙市房地产市场景气情况进行预测和验证。应用该模型能够有效判断长沙房地产景气循环转折点并进行短期未来发展趋势预测,更好地实现房地产市场景气监测,为政府、消费者和房地产开发商三方投资决策提供参考。

  10. New evidence of deposition under cold climate for the Xieshuihe Formation of the Nanhua System in northwestern Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Lianjun; CHU Xuelei; ZHANG Qirui; ZHANG Tonggang; LI He; JIANG Neng

    2004-01-01

    Yangjiaping section is located in Hupingshan Town, Shimen County, Hunan Province. The section has been intensively studied since 1980. However, The paleoclimate during the deposition of the Xieshuihe Formation remains controversial. Based on chemical analysis of sedimentary clastic rocks of the unit, the resulting CIA (the chemical index of alteration) values of the Xieshuihe Formation are similar to those of the overlying Gucheng Formation (also called the Dongshanfeng Formation). It indicates that the sedimentary rocks of the Xieshuihe Formation and Gucheng Formation underwent the similar degrees of chemical weathering before deposition. Therefore, the Xieshuihe Formation was also likely to be deposited under a cold climatic condition, which probably belongs to a part of the record of glaciations.

  11. The Physico—Chemical Conditions for Mobilization of Gold in Mobin Gold Deposit,Southwest Hunan,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷俐; 杨华; 等

    2002-01-01

    Experiments on water-rock interaction were carried out on wall-rock samples fromtheMobin gold deposit,Southwest Hunan,China ,with the aim of determining the optimum physical and chemical conditions for the mobilization of gold in solution.Results indicate that gold is most easily mobilized from the wall rock-tuffaceous slate of the Mobin Deposit.Mobi-lization is optimized if fluids are neutral to slightly alkaline and contain both chlorine and sul-phur ions at the concentration and composition of about[0.25M(NH4)2+1M NaCl].The amount of gold leached from the tuffaceous slate increases with temperature although the effect decreases above about 200℃.

  12. Distribution Characteristics of Gold and Other Trace Elements in the Proterozoic Lengjiaxi Group,Northeastern Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英俊; 季峰峰; 等

    1992-01-01

    Systematic geochemical studies of the Proterozoic Lengjiaxi Group in northeastern Hunan Province suggest that the Lengjiaxi Group is a Au-As-Sb-W association-type Au-bearing turbidite formation.The contents of Au,As,Sb,W,Cr,Mn,Pb and Zn in the turbidite formation are more than two times as high as the average contents of trace elements in the upper continental crust.The low abundance of Ag and the close correlation between Au and As are two important characteristic features.In the Au-bearing turbidite formation the enrichment of gold is due to the extensive occurrence of Au-bearing pyrites.Higher contents of Au,W,Sb and Ag in the greywacke indicate that they also exist in the form of heavy minerals.Au,Ag,As,Sb,W and REE in the Au-bearing turbidite formation have a close genetic relation with the chemistry of the gold deposits.

  13. Ecological evolution across the Permian/Triassic boundary at the Kangjiaping Section in Cili County, Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The stratigraphic sequence of calcimicrobialite facies at the Permian-Triassic (P/Tr) boundary has well recorded the biotic and environmental transition across the end-Permian catastrophic events. The biostratigraphy, microfacies, carbon isotopes, and fossil records across the P/Tr boundary have been studied at the Kangjiaping Section in Cili County, Hunan Province. Three biostratigraphic zones, Palaeofusulina-Colaniella Zone, Hindeodus parvus Zone, and Isarcicella staeschei Zone, are identified. The excursion of δ13Ccarb exhibits a sharp negative shift in the calcimicrobialite at the P/Tr boundary, which is roughly accordant with the abrupt bioclastic decline. In addition, five types of microfacies are recognized, including algal-foraminifer bioclastic limestone, algal-laminated calcimicrobial limestone, oolitic grainstone, vermiculate limestone, and intraclastic wackstone. The results indicate that the changeover of ecosystem from metazoan reef to calcimicrobialite in Cili is a classic case of marine ecological evolution during the Paleozoic-Mesozoic transition.

  14. Detection and Genetic Characteristics of H9N2 Avian Influenza Viruses from Live Poultry Markets in Hunan Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiwei Huang

    Full Text Available H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs are highly prevalent and of low pathogenicity in domestic poultry. These viruses show a high genetic compatibility with other subtypes of AIVs and have been involved in the genesis of H5N1, H7N9 and H10N8 viruses causing severe infection in humans. The first case of human infection with H9N2 viruses in Hunan province of China have been confirmed in November 2013 and identified that H9N2 viruses from live poultry markets (LPMs near the patient's house could be the source of infection. However, the prevalence, distribution and genetic characteristics of H9N2 viruses in LPMs all over the province are not clear. We collected and tested 3943 environmental samples from 380 LPMs covering all 122 counties/districts of Hunan province from February to April, 2014. A total of 618 (15.7% samples were H9 subtype positive and 200 (52.6% markets in 98 (80.3% counties/districts were contaminated with H9 subtype AIVs. We sequenced the entire coding sequences of the genomes of eleven H9N2 isolates from environmental samples. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the gene sequences of the H9N2 AIVs exhibited high homology (94.3%-100%. All eleven viruses were in a same branch in the phylogenetic trees and belonged to a same genotype. No gene reassortment had been found. Molecular analysis demonstrated that all the viruses had typical molecular characteristics of contemporary avian H9N2 influenza viruses. Continued surveillance of AIVs in LPMs is warranted for identification of further viral evolution and novel reassortants with pandemic potential.

  15. Research on Construction of the Rule of Law in Hunan%法治湖南建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海

    2012-01-01

    区域法治建设是施行法治国家建设的有效途径和标志,我国区域法治建设呈现出明显的非均衡发展态势。法治湖南建设在法律法规制定、法治宣传、化解基层矛盾、树立法治典型模范等方面成效显著,但也存在位置未摆正、效力打折扣、法权受干涉、功能发挥不充分、法定职权欠合理等诸多阻碍与误区。应加强公众人物治理、改善法治环境、高效解决民生问题、严厉遏制司法不公,加大法治湖南建设步伐。%Regional rule of law construction is an effective way and signage of the rule of law nation - building, but it shows an unbalanced development trend in China. Construction of the rule of law in Hunan has achieved significant results in laws formulation, propaganda, grassroots contradictory defusing, and typical model establishing, but there are also many obstacles and errors, including unstraight position, discounted effectiveness, interference of legal rights, inadequate function, unreasonable statutory powers. In order to complete the task, the ways should be strengthening public figures governance, improving the legal environment, solving the livelihood problems efficiently, curbing miscarriages of justice severely, to increase the construction pace of rule of law in Hunan.

  16. Differential Positioning Strategy of Hunan Satellite TV%湖南卫视的差异化定位战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杨

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid process of marketalization, media competition in China has become fierce. In this connection, media enterprises have to innovate continuously in light of the competition to acquire a market share. As the innovation must be centered on channel posi-tioning, provincial satellite TV stations need to define a differential positioning exactly so as to lead in the homogenous competition. Market segmenting is a differential positioning strategy of Hunan Satellite TV, which focuses on youth and entertainment. The station also created brand programs, introduced programs of foreign copyright, forged new-type programs and innovate the original brand programs continu-ously. By doing so, Hunan Satellite TV has achieved great success in the media competition.%随着市场化进程的加快,我国媒体竞争开始趋向白热化,要想在市场中分一杯羹,就需要媒体在竞争中不断创新。创新要围绕频道的定位来进行,省级卫视要想在同质化竞争中拔得头筹,就必须进行精确的差异化定位。湖南卫视差异化定位的细分市场战略是分别在年龄层和内容的中心将频道明确定位在“年轻”和“娱乐”上;同时创建了品牌栏目,并引进国外版权节目,打造新型节目,不断创新原有品牌节目,从而促使湖南卫视在媒体竞争中获得了极大的成功。

  17. Trends and periodicity of daily temperature and precipitation extremes during 1960-2013 in Hunan Province, central south China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ajiao; He, Xinguang; Guan, Huade; Cai, Yi

    2017-02-01

    In this study, the trends and periodicity in climate extremes are examined in Hunan Province over the period 1960-2013 on the basis of 27 extreme climate indices calculated from daily temperature and precipitation records at 89 meteorological stations. The results show that in the whole province, temperature extremes exhibit a warming trend with more than 50% stations being statistically significant for 7 out of 16 temperature indices, and the nighttime temperature increases faster than the daytime temperature at the annual scale. The changes in most extreme temperature indices show strongly coherent spatial patterns. Moreover, the change rates of almost all temperature indices in north Hunan are greater than those of other regions. However, the statistically significant changes in indices of extreme precipitation are observed at fewer stations than in extreme temperature indices, forming less spatially coherent patterns. Positive trends in indices of extreme precipitation show that the amount and intensity of extreme precipitation events are generally increasing in both annual and seasonal scales, whereas the significant downward trend in consecutive wet days indicates that the precipitation becomes more even over the study period. Analysis of changes in probability distributions of extreme indices for 1960-1986 and 1987-2013 also demonstrates a remarkable shift toward warmer condition and increasing tendency in the amount and intensity of extreme precipitation during the past decades. The variations in extreme climate indices exhibit inconstant frequencies in the wavelet power spectrum. Among the 16 temperature indices, 2 of them show significant 1-year periodic oscillation and 7 of them exhibit significant 4-year cycle during some certain periods. However, significant periodic oscillations can be found in all of the precipitation indices. Wet-day precipitation and three absolute precipitation indices show significant 1-year cycle and other seven provide

  18. Affects of mining activities on Cd pollution to the paddy soils and rice grain in Hunan province, Central South China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Yan; Hu, Xue-Feng; Wu, Xiao-Hong; Shu, Ying; Jiang, Ying; Yan, Xiao-Juan

    2013-12-01

    Located in Central South China, Hunan province is rich in mineral resources. To study the influence of mining on Cd pollution to local agricultural eco-system, the paddy soils and rice grain of Y county in northern Hunan province were intensively monitored. The results were as follows: (1) Total Cd (T-Cd) content in the soils of the county ranges from 0.13 to 6.02 mg kg(-1), with a mean of 0.64 mg kg(-1), of which 57.5% exceed the allowable limit specified by the China Soil Environmental Quality Standards. T-Cd in the soils varies largely, with the coefficient of variation reaching 146.4%. The spatial distribution of T-Cd in the soils quite matches with that of mining and industries. The content of HCl-extractable Cd (HCl-Cd) in the soils ranges from 0.02 to 2.17 mg kg(-1), with a mean of 0.24 mg kg(-1). A significant positive correlation exists between T-Cd and HCl-Cd in the soils (r = 0.770, ρ soils (r = 0.091, ρ > 0.05), which suggests that the amount of Cd accumulating in the rice is more affected by its availability in the soils, rather than the total content. (4) The dietary intake of Cd via rice consumption in Y county is estimated to be 179.9 μg day(-1) person(-1) on average, which is far beyond the allowable limit specified by FAO/WHO and the target hazard quotients of Cd much higher than 1, suggesting the high risk on human health from Cd exposure.

  19. An Exploration of Agricultural Land Appropriate Scale Management under the Background of Urbanization---A case study of Changsha City%城镇化背景下农地适度规模经营模式探索--以长沙市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗家为; 何鹏

    2015-01-01

    农地是发展农业的必要条件,农地的经营规模决定了农业的经营方式和发展方向,并在整个农业产业化发展中发挥着至关重要的作用。对长沙市农地适度规模经营的实地调查发现,影响农地适度规模经营模式选择的主要因素有空间分布、地形地势、资源禀赋、社会经济发展水平、市场距离、社会化服务体系、政治因素;其发展模式受自然地理条件、社会经济条件以及政治因素的综合影响。调查认为,长沙市存在三种可供选择的农地适度规模经营模式:家庭农场、股份合作制农民专业合作社、龙头企业产业化经营;而不同模式有其自身的形成和发展逻辑,在运作主体、产生方式、利益分配、资金技术、规模以及风险规避方面存在其固有的特征;农地规模经营实际操作中要因地制宜,选择合适的发展模式。%The agricultural land is a necessity for the development of agriculture. Agricultural land operation scale determines the mode of agricultural operation and its development direction , thus playing a crucial role in the whole industrial development of agriculture. According to the survey of in Changsha City , the main factors affecting the choice of modes of agricultural land appropriate scale management are: spatial distribution, topography, resource endowments; the level of socio-economic development, market distance, the socialization service system and political conditions, and the choice of different modes are influenced by natural and geographical, socio-economic conditions and political factors combined. There are three available business models to choose from for Changsha agricultural land appropriate scale management: family farms , joint-stock farmer cooperatives, and enterprises industrial management. And the different modes have their own formations and development patterns; they have their own inherent characteristics in the

  20. The survival analysis of small and medium -sized enterprises-based on the industry of Hunan Province%中小企业生存分析—以湖南省工业企业为样本

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹裕; 陈晓红; 王傅强

    2011-01-01

    A detailed analysis on the Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) survival and its determinants are conducted,based on a sample of 54,573 new- registered industrial SMEs in Hunan Province, whichs capitals are all below 10 million Yuan and establish during the period of 1998 -2007.The main research methods used are life table method and accelerated failure time model, they are mostly used in the survival analysis.The empirical results show that the risk of enterprise death follows a U - shape pattern relationship with the time for SMEs in Hunan Province, and the death risk begins to increase after nine and half years since the establishment of enterprises.The indicators, such as the original size of enterprises, industrial sector size, industrial added value rate, sales margin and profit tax rate of output value, all have significant positive impacts on business survival.However, the industry growth, liquidity capital turnover rate, and all - personnel labor productivity have no signifieant correlation with the business survival; Monopoly enterprises have better living conditions, the SMEs with high intensive technology have worse living conditions, SMEs located in agglomerate regions have greater risk of death.The interest rate has a significant negative impact on the survival of SMEs.While the GDP growth rate based on the city - level has a significant positive impact on the survival of SMEs.Vis - a - vis private enterprises, the survival pe.rformance of state - owned enterprises and foreign - funded enterprises in Hunan Province are even worse.%本文运用湖南省1998-2007年新成立的54573家注册资本在1000万以下的工业中小企业数据具体分析了我国中小企业的生存状况及影响因素.主要的研究方法为生命表方法和加速失效时间模型等生存分析方法.研究主要发现:我国湖南省地区中小企业死亡危险随时间呈"U"型关系,企业在成立9.5年左右时死亡危险开始增大;企业原始规模

  1. 论新世纪湖南官场小说创作%On Hunan Official Novel Writing in the New Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑国友

    2012-01-01

    In the new century, Hunan official novel writing becomes the order of the day. This paper reexamines thesenovelsfromtheaspectsofcreationprofiles, the creation tradition, the creation choice, the character pedigree, creation perspective and creation recitation. It also offers an objective evaluation of the creative achievements of Hunan officialdom novels and highlights the necessary room for future improvement.%新世纪,湖南官场小说创作蔚然成风。论文从创作概况、创作传统、创作选择、人物谱系、创作视角和创作评述六个方面对新世纪湖南官场小说的创作进行了检视。既客观评价了新世纪湖南官场小说的创作成就,同时也认为其仍有大的提升空间。

  2. Thought on development of forest health industry in Hunan%对湖南发展森林康养产业的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏方敏; 李锡泉

    2016-01-01

    本文从国内外森林康养的定义、发展现状、科学理论依据、医学证明等几方面分别阐述了对森林康养的认识,并在分析湖南发展森林康养的优势的基础上,提出了湖南森林康养产业发展的建议。%Knowledge about forest health industry was elaborated from the aspect of the development actuality,forest health definition,scientific theory basis and medical evidence. According to the analysis of the development advantages for forest health in Hunan,some strategies for forest health industry development in Hunan were put forward.

  3. Study on Development of Cassava Industry in Hunan Province%湖南省木薯产业发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴声佩; 刘恩平

    2011-01-01

    分析湖南省木薯产业的发展现状.发展木薯的可行性及湖南省木薯发展存在的问题,提出湖南省木薯产业的发展策略,为湖南省木薯产业发展提供决策参考。%The current situation of cassava industry, the feasibility of developing cassava industry and the existent problems in the development of cassava industry in Hunan Province are analyzed. The developmental strategy for cassava industry in Human Province is put forward to provide reference for the development of cassava industry in Hunan Province.

  4. Use of Structure-from-Motion Photogrammetry Technique to model Danxia red bed landform slope stability by discrete element modeling - case study at Mt. Langshan, Hunan Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Scott; Hua, Peng; Luobin, Yan; Zhi, Chen

    2016-04-01

    Important to the evolution of Danxia landforms is how the rock cliffs are in large part shaped by rock collapse events, ranging from small break offs to large collapses. Quantitative research of Danxia landform evolution is still relatively young. In 2013-2014, Chinese and Slovak researchers conducted joint research to measure deformation of two large rock walls. In situ measurements of one rock wall found it to be stable, and Ps-InSAR measurements of the other were too few to be validated. Research conducted this year by Chinese researchers modeled the stress states of a stone pillar at Mt. Langshan, in Hunan Province, that toppled over in 2009. The model was able to demonstrate how stress states within the pillar changed as the soft basal layer retreated, but was not able to show the stress states at the point of complete collapse. According to field observations, the back side of the pillar fell away from the entire cliff mass before the complete collapse, and no models have been able to demonstrate the mechanisms behind this behavior. A further understanding of the mechanisms controlling rockfall events in Danxia landforms is extremely important because these stunning sceneries draw millions of tourists each year. Protecting the tourists and the infrastructure constructed to accommodate tourism is of utmost concern. This research will employ a UAV to as universally as possible photograph a stone pillar at Mt. Langshan that stands next to where the stone pillar collapsed in 2009. Using the recently developed structure-from-motion technique, a 3D model of the pillar will be constructed in order to extract geometrical data of the entire slope and its structural fabric. Also in situ measurements will be taken of the slope's toe during the field work exercises. These data are essential to constructing a realistic discrete element model using the 3DEC code and perform a kinematic analysis of the rock mass. Intact rock behavior will be based on the Mohr Coulomb

  5. 脑血管病综合性预防对-K沙市社区人群膳食的影响%Effects of comprehensive prevention of cerebrovascular diseases on dietary nutrition in community population in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田发发; 杨期东; 萧剑峰; 刘运海; 田奇

    2001-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effects of comprehensive prevention ofcerebrovascular diseases on levels of nutrient intakes in community population in Changsha. Methods Comprehensive prevention of cerebro-vascular diseases was carried out in 100 thousand people in Changsha during 1992 to 1995. Health education intervention programme wasput into practice in the intervention area. A baseline survey and re-survey was conducted in 200 random .sample aged 35 to 74 years old during 1992 and 1995. Results Daily intakes of energy and fat in prevention population decreased 13.6%, 15.7% respectively, especially in saturated fatty acid after intervention as compared with those in the control population. The levels of sodium intakes in prevention and control pupulation decreased23.7%, 13.9% respectively, especially in the intervention population(P<0.05). Conclusion Comprehensive intervention may change dietary nutrition of community population in Changsha and make their nutrient composition reasonable, which is beneficial for them to prevent from cerebrovascular diseases.%目的研究综合性预防对长沙市社区人群营养素摄入水平的影响。方法1992~1995年,在长沙市区10万人群中开展了脑血管病综合性预防研究,其中干预社区人群采取综合性干预措施,对研究人群中年龄在35~74岁的200人随机样本进行了膳食营养基线调查和复查。结果与对照社区相比,干预社区人群能量、脂肪摄入量明显减少,分别减少13.6%、15.7%,且以饱和脂肪酸为主。干预、对照社区人群钠摄入量分别减少23.7%、13.9%,干预社区比对照社区下降更显著(P<0.05)。结论干预措施可以改变人群膳食营养,使膳食结构趋于合理,有利于脑血管病的预防。

  6. 城市暴雨灾害的影响程度及对策研究——以长沙市为例%Study on effect degree and countermeasures against urban rainstorm disasters: a case of Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱政; 郑伯红; 贺清云

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws up a method for risk evaluation of the urban rainstorm disaster which is suited for Changsha City through research on the data of rainstorm in recent years, the average heights of the construction-completed areas, the information of urban drainpipes system, and on the analysis of the hazard, vulnerability and exposure of the urban rainstorm disaster. The paper evaluates risks of rainstorm disaster of 798 land mass of the construction-completed areas in Changsha by this method, and divides them into three kinds: the high risk areas, the medium risk areas, and the low risk areas. On this basis, authors summarized the regulations of distribution of risk areas in Changsha, and presented a series of counter-measures, such as renewing urban drainpipes system, establishing underground water reservoir,building rain water auto-drain system and urgent water drain system, etc.%通过对近年暴雨资料、城市建成区平均高程数据和城市排水管网资料的考察,以及对城市暴雨灾害危险性、脆弱性、暴露性的分析,制定了适用于长沙市的暴雨灾害风险评估方法.利用该方法对长沙市现有建成区798个地块的暴雨灾害风险进行了评估,将其分为高风险区、中风险区、低风险区3个类别.在此基础上,总结了长沙市暴雨灾害风险区的分布规律,并提出了一系列对策措施,包括更新城市排水管网、建设地下集水库、建立雨水自排系统和建设紧急排涝系统等.

  7. On the Annual Review Training of Tour Guide Card Holders in Hunan Province Under Distance Education Environment%远程教育环境下的湖南持证导游人员年审培训

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹守富; 杨恒; 李桂平

    2012-01-01

    Hunan tour guide annual training is the annual review process of a very important link.Distance education has crossing region,covering the broad characteristics.In the distance education popular times,the traditional tour guider's training are reformed.This article mainly introduced under the environment of distance education,relying on modern education technology for remote tour guider's annual training mode of operation,characteristics,advantages and the training effect.%湖南持证导游人员的年审培训是湖南省导游从业人员年审过程中的一个非常重要的环节。远程教育这种教育方式具有跨区域、覆盖广等特点,在远程教育普及的今天,传统的导游培训方式也在进行着变革。本文主要介绍了在远程教育环境下,依托现代教育技术进行远程导游年审培训的运作方式、特点和优势以及取得的培训效果。

  8. The Theoretical Thinking and Practical Exploring about the Development of Circular Economy in Hunan%湖南发展循环经济的理论思考与现实探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡景庆

    2012-01-01

    Based on the principles of reduction, recycling and resource, the circular economy is a new concept of system, econom- ic, value, production, consumption and technology. The development of circular economy in Hunan has been constrain- ed by resource and environment. We should strengthen governmental guiding, accelerate the legal system construction of circular economy, advance the strategically upgrade of industrial structure, promote the strategic adjustment of energy and resource structure, carry out industrial cluster strategy of ecological park type and implement circular economy tech- nology innovation strategy to achieve a breakthrough.%循环经济以减量化、再利用、资源化为基本原则,是一种新的系统观、经济观、价值观、生产观、消费观和技术观。湖南发展循环经济受到资源和环境的制约,需要通过加强政府的引导,加快循环经济的法制建设,推进产业结构的战略性升级,加速能源和资源结构的战略性调整,推行生态园区式产业集群战略和实施循环经济科技创新突破战略来实现。

  9. Long-term variations of estimated global solar radiation and the influencing factors in Hunan province, China during 1980-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Ling; Lin, Aiwen; Wang, Lunche; Xia, Xiangao; Gong, Wei; Zhu, Hongji; Zhao, Zhenzhen

    2016-04-01

    Long-term variation of estimated global solar radiation (E g↓) and its relationship with total cloud cover (TCC), low cloud cover (LCC), water vapor content (WVC) and aerosol optical depth (AOD) were investigated based on the observations at 21 meteorological stations in Hunan province, China. Long-term variations of all variables were calculated for each station; the Mann-Kendall trend test was used to detect the significant level of temporal development trend for each variable; the Pearson correlation analysis was used to measure their linear relationships. Annual E g↓ generally decreased at the rate of -2.11 × 10-3 MJ m-2 decade-1 in Hunan province during 1980-2013. Seasonal mean E g↓ decreased at the rate of -11.99 × 10-3, -4.71 × 10-3 and -4.51 × 10-3 MJ m-2 decade-1 in summer, autumn and winter, respectively, while the increasing trend was observed in spring (15.74 × 10-3 MJ m-2 decade-1). The annual variation of E g↓ in Hunan province was dominantly determined by the variations of AOD (0.33 × 10-3 decade-1) and LCC (0.24 % p decade-1). But the spatial variation of E g↓ in Hunan province was complex. All 21 stations were divided into four groups according to the long-term trends of E g↓, TCC, LCC, AOD and WVC. An increasing E g↓ was observed at stations in group 1, which was determined by the variability of TCC. The variability of AOD and TCC might contribute to the increasing E g↓ in group 2. There were decreasing trends of E g↓ for the stations in group 3 and group 4, which were largely determined by the increases of AOD and LCC.

  10. 记录(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    A Women's Bank Established in Hunan湖南成立女子银行A women's bank,called Dahua Sub-Bank,was establishedrecently in Changsha,the capital city of Hunan Province.Belonging to the Hunan Agricultural Bank,the sub-bank has

  11. Avatar in Zhangjiajie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rick Hong

    2011-01-01

    Zhangjiajie is situated in the northwest of Hunan Province, about 400 kilometers away from Changsha, the capital city of Hunan, covering a total area of 9,563 square kilometers, of which 76% are in mountainous areas. Out of its population of 1.62 million, almost 72% belong to ethnic minority groups, including Tujia, Bai and Miao nationalities.

  12. [Evaluation of nutritional status of school-age children after implementation of "Nutrition Improvement Program" in rural area in Hunan, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Zhu-Juan; Mao, Guang-Xu; Wang, Yu-Jun; Liu, Li; Chen, Yan

    2016-09-01

    To investigate the nutritional status of school-age children in rural area in Hunan, China from 2012 to 2015 and to evaluate the effectiveness of the "Nutrition Improvement Program for Compulsory Education Students in Rural Area" (hereinafter referred to as "Nutrition Improvement Program"). The nutritional status of school-age children aged 6-14 years was evaluated after the implementation of the "Nutrition Improvement Program" and the changing trend of the children's nutritional status was analyzed. The statistical analysis was performed on the monitoring data of the school-age children aged 6-14 years in rural area in Hunan, China from 2012 to 2015, which came from "The Nutrition and Health Status Monitoring and Evaluation System of Nutrition Improvement Program for Compulsory Education Students in Rural Area". In 2015, female students aged 6-7 years in rural area in Hunan, China had a significantly greater body length than the rural average in China (PNutrition Improvement Program", the prevalence rate of growth retardation decreased (PNutrition Improvement Program" has achieved some success, but the nutritional status of school-age children has not improved significantly. Overweight/obesity and malnutrition are still present. Therefore, to promote the nutritional status of school-age children it is recommended to improve the measures for the "Nutrition Improvement Program".

  13. Present Situation and Development of Hunan Advertising Industry%湖南广告产业的现状与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟正武

    2011-01-01

    The advertising industry which has a broad development prospect is closely integrated with the economy and culture. It is of an important position in the market economy. Since China implemented the policies of its reform and opening up Hunan advertising industry is developing rapidly with an average annual growth rate of 70%. In this paper, it has a presentation about Hunan advertising industry status first of all, then it analyses advertising industry in Hunan from the angle of economics and it made some suggestions for reference only.%广告产业是文化与经济紧密结合的产物,在市场经济的运行中具有重要的地位,有着广阔的发展前景。改革开放以来,湖南广告产业发展迅猛,年均增长率达到70%。湖南广告业以高新技术来加强产业的外向性,与国际市场进行日益广泛地接轨,通过加快调整优化产业结构,将成为振兴湖南经济的重要环节。

  14. 湘味甘薯挤压膨化食品配方研究%Study on Formula of Extruded Hunan Taste Sweet Potato

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐妹华; 易有金; 聂灿华; 夏延斌

    2014-01-01

    以甘薯全粉和小麦粉为主要原料,研制一种新型湘味甘薯挤压膨化熟食。从甘薯全粉、小麦粉、物料水、食盐添加量等方面对湘味甘薯挤压膨化熟食产品品质的影响进行研究,试验得出湘味甘薯挤压膨化熟食的最佳配方为:36.77%甘薯全粉、36.77%小麦粉、18.57%水、6.98%食盐、0.91%复合料。%Sweet potato flour and wheat flour as raw materials, we developed a new type of Hunan taste sweet potato extrusion puffed food. The influence of the amount of sweet potato flour, wheat flour, water, salt added on the quality of Hunan taste sweet potato extrusion cooked food were studied. Results showed that the best formula of extruded Hunan taste sweet potato was sweet potato flour 36. 77%, wheat flour 36. 77%, water 18. 57%, sodium chloride 6. 98%, and the composite material 0. 91%.

  15. The City Conformation Evolvement of the Traffic Complication Impress——Take Changsha as an Example%交通因素影响下的城市形态演变——以长沙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江可馨

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyzes the evolution of urban form under the influence of transport factors through the three historical stages of ancient,recent and modern times of Changsha,and further explores the impact of the Wuhan-Guangzhou high-speed railway and the ra%结合长沙的古代、近代与现代三个历史阶段,分析交通因素影响下的城市形态演变,并进一步探讨了武广高速铁路和轨道交通的建设对于长沙未来的城市空间形态和结构布局所带来的影响。

  16. 长沙市农村12-16岁儿童健康相关行为分析%Changsha Rural Children Aged 12 to 16 Health-related Behavior Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑果; 张天成

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the status of health related behaviors among students of Changsha rural children aged 12 to 16 so as to provide a scientific basis for changsha city government, education, health and other relevant departments and the schoo for formulate corresponding policies and measures. Methods Using stratified random cluster sampling method,extraction of changsha rural schools784 students.And analyzing the data by SPSS11.5. Results 73.98% students eat breakfast every day; Among the surveyed students, 34.18% students eat dessert more than once a day during the last 7 days ; 54.59% students eat western fast food in the past during the last 7 days; 37.76% students had a penchant for some food; 32.14%students think themself lay particular stress on quality;47.83% students in the past 7d, usually a day watching television or video more than 2h;48.98% students every day to play games more than 1 h during the last 7 days;34.18% students had to fight with people during the last year;15.05%students attempted smoking;50.38% students feel no security to and from school in the past during the last year;and 29.85% students had thought of suicide.Conclusions Health related behavior is more common among students of Changsha rural children aged 12 to 16, so it is necessary to advocate strengthening health way of life , improve their harmful life habits and promote the healthy growth of them.%目的:了解长沙市农村12-16岁儿童健康相关行为现状,为长沙市政府、教育、卫生等相关部门和学校制定相应的政策和措施提供科学依据。方法:采用分层随机整群抽样法,抽取长沙市农村中学784名学生,进行健康相关行为问卷调查,运用SPSS11.5对数据进行分析。结果73.98%的学生每天吃早餐;34.18%的学生过去7 d,每天吃甜点超过1次;54.59%的学生过去7d,曾吃过西式快餐;37.76%的学生有偏食行为;32.14%的学生认为自己体重偏重;47.83%的学生过去7d

  17. 长沙市级医院护士职业倦怠相关因素研究%The Study of Correlation about Nurses' Burnout in Changsha' Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席明霞; 李丹

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究人口统计学变量中年龄、工龄、学历、待遇、工作岗位与护士职业倦怠的关系,为预防和干预护士职业倦怠提供理论依据.方法:采取整群分层随机抽样问卷调查,以长沙市五所综合三级医院在岗护士为研究对象.结果:长沙市三级医院护士的职业倦怠程度较量;人口统计学变量中七个变量均是影响因素.结论:护士的职业压力与职业倦怠之间有显著的相关性,必须引起全社会尤其是医疗机构管理者的高度重视.%Objective This thesis studies, in demography variables, the relationship between the age, seniority, education background, salary, position and nurse occupational burnout, which provides the theoretical basis for preventing and interventing the burnout. Methods With on-job nurses in five comprehensive tertiary hospitals in Changsha as the research object, the thesis adopts the theory of stratified cluster and random sampling questionnaire. Results The nurse occupational burnout degree is serious in Changsha tertiary hospitals; and seven in the demography variables are all the influence factors. Conclusion nurse career pressure and occupational burnout has significant correlation, which must cause the attention of the whole society especially the medical institutions managers.

  18. 长沙市高精度似大地水准面模型的确定%The Establishment of Changsha High Accuracy Quasi-geoid Refinement Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鹏程; 戴建清; 匡志威

    2014-01-01

    The Changsha quasi-geoid refinement model is established by using remove-restore method .The gravi-metric quasi-geoid is calculated by utilizing the second category Helmert agglutination method ,basing on the EIGEN03C earth gravity field model and 549 point of gravity data .Then,through seperical cap harmonic analysis ,the 2′×2′grid qua-si-geoid refinement model is solved by uniting 110 GPS leveling and gravimetric quasi-geoid.Compared to 36 GPS C check benchmarks ,their standard deviation is ±9.7mm.The Changsha quasi-geoid refinement model accuracy reaches ± 0.008 m and superior to the design requirements .%长沙市似大地水准面精化根据移去-恢复原理,以EIGEN03C地球重力场模型作为参考重力场,利用549个点重力数据,采用第二类Helmert凝集法完成重力似大地水准面的计算;然后利用球冠谐调和分析方法将110个GPS水准点与重力似大地水准面联合求解得出2′创2′格网似大地水准面精化模型,其精度达到±8.0 mm,与36个C级GPS检核点比较,其差值的标准差为±9.7mm,优于设计要求。

  19. 长沙发展软件服务外包产业的政策支持%The Development of Changsha' s Software Service Outsourcing Industry Supported by Government

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全立新; 董展眉

    2013-01-01

    从长沙软件服务外包产业的实际出发,借鉴相关国家和国内部分服务外包示范城市的软件服务外包产业政策,提出长沙发展软件服务外包产业的政策支持措施,即把软件服务外包产业作为战略产业发展,建构系统的产业政策支撑体系,完善知识产权保护,加大招商引企和企业培育力度,构建强有力的软件服务外包人才支持体系,加快服务外包园区建设,引导产业集群式发展.%This paper studies the present situation of Changsha' s software service outsourcing industry. In reference to the industrial policy about software service outsourcing from the relevant countries and some domestic service outsourcing demonstration cities, the article puts forward some government measures to support the development of Changsha's software service outsourcing industry, which are developing the software service outsourcing industry as strategic industry, constructing the system of industrial supporting system, perfecting the intellectual property rights protection, increasing the introduction of investment and enterprises cultivation, constructing strong software service outsourcing talent supporting system and speeding up the service outsourcing park construction to guide the industrial cluster development.

  20. Overall Structural Design of Changsha IFC T1 Tower%长沙国金中心 T1塔楼总体结构设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄良

    2015-01-01

    Building height of the Changsha IFC T1 tower is 452 m,and its structural height is 440.45 m. Overground floor number is 92.Beside the structural height,the super high-rise tower exist some other transfinite problems such as inclined column transferring.Structural system of the tower and structural countermeasure to tackle transfinite problem are introduced.Obtaining value method for wind load and seismic action of the structure is put forward.Problem of foundation type selection is discussed.Main structural index of the tower is presented;elastic analysis results can satisfy demands of structural experts and Chinese code.Construction simulation analysis considering the non-load effect of the structure demonstrators that vertical deformation of the column and shear wall has little effect on strength of belt truss and outriggers.Shear wall of the tower is in a state of overall compression under middle seism.Elastic-plastic time-history analysis manifests that drift of the tower under rare earthquake load satisfy Chinese code requirements;overall structure is mostly in an elastic state.%长沙国金中心 T1塔楼建筑高度452 m,结构高度440.45 m,地上共92层;塔楼还存在斜柱转换、高位梁托柱转换等超限问题。论述了塔楼采用的结构体系及针对超限的相关结构对策;介绍了风荷载及地震作用的取值方法;阐述了塔楼基础的选型问题;归纳了塔楼弹性分析的主要结构指标,计算结果能够满足规范和超限审查专家的要求。考虑非荷载效应的塔楼施工模拟分析表明,巨柱与核心筒、巨柱与角柱等之间的竖向变形差对伸臂桁架及环带桁架的影响很小。塔楼核心筒剪力墙在中震下总体处于受压状态。弹塑性时程分析显示,罕遇地震下塔楼的位移满足规范要求,结构总体处于弹性状态,证明了结构的安全性。

  1. STUDY ON LAND ECOLOGICAL QUALITY ZONING IN LIANHUA TOWN OF CHANGSHA%长沙市莲花镇土地生态质量分区研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巧云; 杨鑫荣; 关欣

    2015-01-01

    当代社会的经济发展与生态环境保护联系紧密,环境、经济、发展之间的矛盾已经成为制约可持续发展最重要的问题.土地利用方式是否合理直接影响到生态环境的好坏,土地生态质量分区有助于推动两型(环境友好型与资源节约型)社会的构建,因地制宜地对土地进行开发利用是经济发展的重要前期工作.文章以长沙市莲花镇为研究区,以其17个行政村为评价单元,采用综合评价法,选取植被覆盖度、水面覆盖度、农作物产量、土地裸露度、建设用地干扰度为评价指标,运用线性加权法计算17个行政村关于5个评价指标的综合评分值.采用总分频率曲线法对土地生态质量综合评分值进行等级划分,将莲花镇的土地生态质量划分为4个等级:土地生态质量良好区、土地生态质量较好区、土地生态质量一般区及土地生态质量较差区.根据各行政村的土地生态特征及其所处分区等级,对研究区的土地利用结构进行调整,并对今后的土地利用方式提出合理化建议,以期为研究区的可持续发展提供理论依据.%The economic development of the modern society is closely relatedwith ecological environment protec-tion. The contradictionbetween environment and economy development now hasbecome the most important problem for sustainable development. Whether the land use methods are right or not directly influence the ecological envi-ronment. Therefore land zoning is an important preliminary work for promoting building the"environment-friendly and resource-saving" society. Taking 17 villages in Lianhua town of Changsha as evaluation unit, this paper se-lected 5 indexes,i. e. , vegetation coverage, surface percentage, crop yields, land bare degrees and construction land disturbance degrees, and comprehensively evaluatedthe land ecological quality using the linear weighted sum method. According to the result, villages were divided into four

  2. 长沙南站主站房结构设计%Structural design on the main building of South Changsha Railway Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周德良; 李霆; 陈兴; 魏剑; 王毓; 钱屹; 江红; 袁波峰

    2011-01-01

    South Changsha Railway Station is the largest way-station in Wuhan-Guangzhou Passengers' Express Railway.The main building is a 2-storey(partly 3-storey) frame structure above the ground with 1-storey basement.The girder bridge with pier was adopted for the railway platform floor(the 1st floor),the CFST columns for the upper station structure were directly connected to the piers through the holes in the girder bridge to reduce the dynamic response on passengers' waiting hall on the 2nd floor induced by the high-speed pass-by trains.The vertical human comfort on the steel truss floor with span of 49m was analyzed and tested in situ before and after the tuned mass dampers were installed to reduce the floor vibration induced by human activities on waiting hall and high speed pass-by trains.The space truss was used for the roof structure,with beam string structure being for the 49m-span day lighting area.The circular steel columns with tree shape were applied to the large span roof structure to reduce the span,made roof structure economical,and perfectly coincide with the architecture.Complicated connections of structural steel casting were used in the circular steel columns with tree shape,the cast-steel connections were analyzed by FEM and verified by the full-size tests to ensure structural safety and economy.%我国第一条客运专线——武广客运专线上最大的中间站长沙南站主站房的结构为桥建合一的框架结构,地下1层,地上2层(局部3层)。结构设计特点:站台层桥梁结构采用梁式桥+桥墩(桥台),通过在桥梁(包括正线桥梁)上开孔使上部站房柱直接与桥墩(桥台)相连,有效地减小列车振动对上部候车厅层的楼盖舒适度的影响;进行高架候车厅层49m跨钢桁架楼盖的竖向舒适度和TMD减振分析及现场检测;屋盖采用网架结构(局部为张弦结构),在大跨度处采用两级分叉树状柱支承,分叉树状柱不仅减小

  3. Survey and Detection of the Grape Fanleaf Disease in Hunan Province%湖南省葡萄扇叶病调查及检测研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周敏; 聂松青; 罗奕凡; 刘昆玉; 舒广平; 邓子牛; 李大志

    2014-01-01

    The occurrence situation and damages of grape fanleaf disease in main grape production areas in Hunan province, such as northwest Hunan, southern Hunan, middle Hunan and western Hunan, were investigated, and the suspected disease plants from each area were detected by biological method and molecular biological method. The results showed that in main grape production areas of Hunan province, many grape varieties occurred grape fanleaf disease, such as Xiahei-seedless, Red-earth, Jinxing-seedless, Golden-finger, etc., but the Vitis davidii var. davidii from western Hunan showed a certain resistance to the grape fanleaf disease. The symptoms of the grape fanleaf disease generally showed as follows: the leaf was degreening and yellowing; the serrate leaf margin turned to sharpening or out-of-shape; the growth of grape plants was influenced seriously, thus weakening tree vigour, reducing yield and decreasing fruit quality. The biological detection results indicated that among 54 collected samples, 52% samples presented systemic mottle and distortion in Qianrihong and Benshi tobacco varieties. Moreover, the molecular biological detection results revealed that 29 out of 54 samples detected grape fanleaf disease virus, and the detection rate of the Jinxing-seedless and the Red-earth was relatively high.%对湘西北、湘南、湘中和湘西等葡萄主产区的扇叶病发病及危害情况进行了调查,并通过生物学和分子生物学的方法对各地区的疑似病株进行了检测。结果表明:在湖南的葡萄主产区,葡萄扇叶病的感病品种较多,在夏黑无核、红地球、金星无核和金手指等品种上均有发生,但湘西的刺葡萄表现出对葡萄扇叶病有一定的抗性;感病症状总体上表现为叶片褪绿、黄化,叶缘锯齿变尖锐或形状不规则,并严重影响葡萄植株的生长,导致树势减弱、产量下降、果实品质变差;生物学检测结果显示,采集的54

  4. The development of [得 DE+V] and [V +得 DE]constructions in the Hunan dialects%湖南方言“得+V”和“V+得”结构的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍云姬

    2001-01-01

    得DE"to obtain"is a linguistic sign which has a long history and has very complex usages.This paper will focus on the development of[DE+V]and[V+DE]constructions in which both the DE are Claimed to be used as modal auxiliaries and indicate the notion of possibilities in Chinese throughout the history.[DE+V]appeared earlier than[V+DE](Yue Junfa,1984,Yang Ping,1989,Sun Chaofen 1996,among others).Both constructions are rarely used in Mandarin but are till active in the Hunan dialects.The data in Hunan dialects show that[DE+V]and [V+DE]constructions do not only indicate possibilities,and even when the two constructions both indicate possibilities,they are not identical and not always interchangeable.In the Hunan dialects,the following contrasts between these two constructions can be found:[DE+V][V+DE] Volition Abiloty Possibility Permission Obligation Possibility In this paper,the different usages across localities in Hunan will examined, and the hypothesis of the order differences and the path of development will be stressed.This paper will concentrate on the [DE+V]and [V+DE]constructions.The focus will be on the semantic contrasts of these two constructions in which the word orders are opposite in the Hunan dialects,as well as the hypothesis of the paths of development of the two constructions.

  5. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>20122174 Bai Daoyuan ( Institute of Geological Survey of Hunan Province,Changsha 410011,China );Jia Baohua Neoproterozoic TectonicEvolution of the Xuefeng Orogenic Zone in Hunan Province ( Sedimentary Geology and Tethyan Geology,ISSN1009-3850,CN51-1593 / P,31 ( 3 ), 2011,p.78-87,2illus.,1 table,96refs. ) Key words:structural evolution,Neoproterozoic Era,Hunan Province This paper deals,on the basis of abundant lithogeochemical and geochronologic

  6. Post-occupancy Evaluation of Hunan Grand Theatre%湖南大剧院使用后评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈向荣

    2013-01-01

    使用后评价是建筑学的一门新兴学科,在环境行为学和环境心理学的基础上,采用统计学的方法,探讨建筑在实际使用中的状态.该文以问卷调查、现场勘察和访谈的方式对湖南大剧院剧场进行了使用后评价,藉此了解现代剧场的使用状况和主要问题,为今后的剧场建筑设计提供指引与建议.%The post-occupancy evaluation is a new discipline of architecture. Based on the environmental behavior science and the environmental psychology, the paper discusses the building's condition in actual use by the means of statistics. It conducts the post-occupancy evaluation on Hunan Grand Theatre to get the using condition and main problems of modern theatres by questionnaire investigation, site survey and interview. Thus, we can have guides and suggestion for the theatre design in future.

  7. Purification and characterization of an arginine ester hydrolase from the venom of Trimeresurus mucrosqumatus in Hunan province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Xiao-dong; LI Bo; YU Zheng-ping

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To study the physical and chemical properties of an arginine ester hydrolase from the venom of Trimeresurus mucrosqumatus in Hunan province of China. Methods :The arginine ester hydrolase (AEH) was isolated from the venom of Chinese Trimeresurus mucrosqumatus by a combination of ionexchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex A-50, CM-Sepharose Cl-6B and gel filtration on Sephadex G-100. Results: The purified protein named TM-AEH,a glycoprotein with carbohydrate content of 0.5 % neutral hexose and 0. 75 % sialic acid,a relative molecular mass of 29.0 kDa,and an isoelectric point (pI) of 5. 2. It shares with an extinction coefficient (E0.1%/cm) of 1.332 at 280 nm,consisted of 225 amino acid residues ,and migrated as a band under reduced or non-reduced condition in basic PAGE. TM-AEH was a highly thermostable protein and was stable to pH changes between 5 and 9. The optimum temperature and optimum pH were 55℃ and 8. 4 for its catalytic activity respectively,which was inhibited by Fe3+ and Cu2+. Conclusion:This protein can exhibit higher BAEE-hydrolysing activity and fibrinogenolytic activity as compared to that of whole venom.

  8. [Correlativity of subtype B viral transmission among elderly HIV-1 infected individuals in Yongding district, Zhangjiajie city, Hunan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Y Q; Zou, X B; Qin, R; He, J M; Zhang, P F; Jiang, Y; Chen, G M; Yang, Y J; Chen, X

    2016-12-10

    Objective: To investigate the characteristics of transmission correlativity regarding subtype B among elderly HIV-1 infected individuals in Yongding district, Zhangjiajie city, Hunan province and to explore a method on its traceability. Methods: A total of 43 newly diagnosed elderly HIV-1 Infected individuals in Yongding district were enrolled in this study. Pol area genes were amplified and sequenced by 'In house' method. Methods used to analyze the relationship related to HIV individuals transmission would include Bayesian phylogenetic tree and other epidemiological ones. Results: A total of 42 valid sequences were successfully obtained, with predominant strain as subtype B (80.95%, 34/42). All the 42 sequences were gathered into eight clusters. In each cluster, the genetic distance was significantly shorter than the average from the 34 subtype B strains (0.058 3). The HIV-1 infected individuals in one cluster had the same high-risk behaviors and the significantly patchy distributions were identified at the sites where the high-risk behaviors existed. Our results indicated that the local elderly HIV-infected individuals had high level of homology between geographical position and related behaviors. Conclusions: The patchy distribution between geographical position and behavior was associated among the elderly HIV-1 infected individuals. Guidance related to epidemic precise positioning and effective interventions was provided through the findings of this study.

  9. Carbonate Platform Margin Slope Characteristics of Cambrian Chefu Age in Baojing-Fenghuang and Adjacent Areas, Western Hunan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Cambrian paleogeography in south China can be divided into Yangtze platform, platform margin slope (including upper slope and lower slope) and basin. The carbonate gravity deposits are well developed there, particularly in the Yangtze platform adjacent areas. This paper mainly deals with declivity fan characters of the Chefu age in Fenghuang adjacent areas, western Hunan Province. According to their distribution and thickness, three main declivity fans have been divided in the study areas,namely, Dama ( ∈ c-dsf), Machong ( ∈ c-msf) and Huangheyuan ( ∈ c-hsf) declivity fans. Each fan's characters are described in detail in this paper. Based on their distribution range, scale and fossiliferous layers, two peak periods (fair developmental period) are distinguished: (1) Linguagnostus reconditus Zone (time), and (2) Glyptagnostus reticulatus Zone (time). They were characterized by huge thick limestone breccia layers (single layer 3-4 rn thick) and closely spaced spread. Besides, there are also two developmental periods: (1) Lejopyge laevigata- Proagnostus bulbus Zone (time), and (2) Agnostus inexpectans-Proceratopyge protracta Zone (time) to Erixanium Zone (time) to Corynexochus plumula-Sinoproceratopyge cf. kiangshanensis Zone (time), while Glyptagnostus stolidotus Zone (time) was an interstitial period (without or rare limestone breccias). All these features may verify the relative movement of the earth crust and paleoclimate variety of the Chefu age in the study areas.

  10. Field resistance of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to organophosphates, pyrethroids, carbamates and four newer chemistry insecticides in Hunan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Hong; Su, Qi; Zhou, Xiaomao; Bai, Lianyang

    2013-01-01

    The present studies were carried out to evaluate resistance in the populations of Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from five districts of Hunan Province in China to various insecticides from 2010 to 2012 using a standard leaf dip bioassay method. For organophosphates and pyrethroids, resistance ratios compared with a susceptible Lab-BJ strain were in the range of 14-229-fold for organophosphates and 12-227-fold for pyrethroids. Similarly, relative low levels of resistance to emamectin, indoxacarb, and chlorfenapyr were observed in all five populations. In contrast, the resistance to carbamates (thiodicarb or methomyl) was significantly higher than that of organophosphates, pyrethroids and newer chemistry insecticides. The pairwise correlation coefficients of LC50 values indicated that the newer chemistry insecticides and old generation insecticides were not significant except abamectin, which was negatively significantly correlated with methomyl. A significant correlation was observed between thiodicarb, methomyl, and deltamethrin, whereas resistance to bifenthrin showed no correlations with resistance to other insecticides except deltamethrin. The results are discussed in relation to integrated pest management for S. litura with special reference to management of field evolved resistance to insecticides.

  11. Highlights on the World Bank Loan Schistosomiasis Control Program in China (1991-1998): a special focus on Hunan Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dongbao, Y; Ross, A G; Musheng, X; Yuesheng, L; Yan, C

    1999-12-01

    A region-wide sampling survey was conducted in 1995 in order to evaluate the current epidemiological status of schistosomiasis japonica in Hunan Province, China. A total of 45,590 humans and 3,726 domestic animals, from 52 villages, were examined parasitologically and/or serologically for current Schistosoma japonicum infections. In uncontrolled endemic areas (43 villages) the overall human prevalence of S. japonicum was 7.81% across the different geographical subtypes. The geometric mean intensity of infection was 17.71 eggs per gram (epg) among infected individuals and only 1.25 epg in the general population. The bovine prevalence, as determined by the hatching test, was 9.63% in the uncontrolled endemic villages. Only one sero-positive (by indirect hemagglutination assay) child was found among 1,072 children tested aged 10-14 years in the 9 endemic villages under effective control. No infection was confirmed by the Kato-Katz thick smear stool examination. When the results of this survey were compared to those seen at baseline (1989) an overall reduction of 45.65% was seen in the human prevalence but no significant change was apparent in the lake-beach ecotype. Additionally, there was more than a 60% reduction in the prevalence among bovines over the same sampling period. The results demonstrate that the World Bank Loan Schistosomiasis Program was successful in achieving its most basic objectives for this province - to reduce human and bovine infections by 40%.

  12. Injury Severity of Motorcycle Riders Involved in Traffic Crashes in Hunan, China: A Mixed Ordered Logit Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fangrong Chang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Issues related to motorcycle safety in China have not received enough research attention. As such, the causal relationship between injury outcomes of motorcycle crashes and potential risk factors remains unknown. This study intended to investigate the injury risk of motorcyclists involved in road traffic crashes in China. To account for the ordinal nature of response outcomes and unobserved heterogeneity, a mixed ordered logit model was employed. Given that the crash occurrence process is different between intersections and non-intersections, separate models were developed for these locations to independently estimate the impacts of various contributing factors on motorcycle riders’ injury severity. The analysis was based on the police-reported crash dataset obtained from the Traffic Administration Bureau of Hunan Provincial Public Security Ministry. Factors associated with a substantially higher probability of fatalities and severe injuries included motorcycle riders older than 60 years, the absence of helmets, motorcycle riders identified to be equal duty, and when a motorcycle collided with a heavy vehicle during the night time without lighting. Crashes occurred along county roads with curve and slope alignment or at regions with higher GDP were associated with an elevated risk of fatality of motorcycle riders, while unsignalized intersections were related to less severe injuries. Findings of this study are beneficial in forming several targeted countermeasures for motorcycle safety in China, including designing roads with appropriate road delineation and street lighting, strict enforcement for speeding and red light violations, promoting helmet usage, and improving the conspicuity of motorcyclists.

  13. Injury Severity of Motorcycle Riders Involved in Traffic Crashes in Hunan, China: A Mixed Ordered Logit Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Fangrong; Li, Maosheng; Xu, Pengpeng; Zhou, Hanchu; Haque, Md Mazharul; Huang, Helai

    2016-07-14

    Issues related to motorcycle safety in China have not received enough research attention. As such, the causal relationship between injury outcomes of motorcycle crashes and potential risk factors remains unknown. This study intended to investigate the injury risk of motorcyclists involved in road traffic crashes in China. To account for the ordinal nature of response outcomes and unobserved heterogeneity, a mixed ordered logit model was employed. Given that the crash occurrence process is different between intersections and non-intersections, separate models were developed for these locations to independently estimate the impacts of various contributing factors on motorcycle riders' injury severity. The analysis was based on the police-reported crash dataset obtained from the Traffic Administration Bureau of Hunan Provincial Public Security Ministry. Factors associated with a substantially higher probability of fatalities and severe injuries included motorcycle riders older than 60 years, the absence of helmets, motorcycle riders identified to be equal duty, and when a motorcycle collided with a heavy vehicle during the night time without lighting. Crashes occurred along county roads with curve and slope alignment or at regions with higher GDP were associated with an elevated risk of fatality of motorcycle riders, while unsignalized intersections were related to less severe injuries. Findings of this study are beneficial in forming several targeted countermeasures for motorcycle safety in China, including designing roads with appropriate road delineation and street lighting, strict enforcement for speeding and red light violations, promoting helmet usage, and improving the conspicuity of motorcyclists.

  14. Living and Dying at the Feet of the Snowy Mountains: A Contemporary Childhood in Rural Hunan, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalong Yin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Children in contemporary rural China have experienced an unprecedented moment; amid radical economic and social transformations that have sent their parents to urban centers to earn cash income, children have been left behind to live with older relatives. This fundamental redefining of place, parenting, and living has rarely been written about by the children themselves in English. Set in rural Hunan in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, this novel vividly describes farm production, the shift from an agricultural way of life to a life financially supported by migrant labor earnings, local religious life, Huagu opera, education, complex and violent relationships between family members and villagers, the deaths of the protagonist's (Maomao mother and paternal grandmother, a wedding, funerals, and local festivals – from the perspective of a child. Refusing to drop out of school and become a migrant worker or a soldier, Maomao eventually achieves his dream of becoming a university student against all odds. This unvarnished and vividly written description of a contemporary rural life in China is uniquely important and appealing to a broad readership.

  15. [Study on hospitalization expenses of flood disaster areas' residents of Dongting Lake in Hunan province in 1998].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Wei; Yang, Tu-bao; Tan, Hong-zhuan; Li, Shuo-qi; Liu, Ai-zhong; Zhou, Jia; Xie, Mei-zhi; Tang, Xue-min; Tang, Sen-lin; Zhang, Xiu-min; Xiang, Bao-lin; He, Hua-xian; Li, Lin-lin

    2003-08-01

    To study the expenses of hospitalization among the population in the flood disaster areas of Dongting Lake in Hunan province in 1998. Descriptive epidemiologic study were conducted to analyze hospitalization expenses of the residents of 55 villages in flood disaster areas in 1998; single factors analysis and logarithmic linear regression analysis were carried out to explore influencing factors about hospitalization expenses of the residents. The hospitalization rate was 4.59% with an average hospitalization expenses of 667.42 Yuan in the flood disaster areas' residents of Dongting Lake in 1998. Compared with populations without suffering from flood, hospitalization rate and the average hospitalization expenses of flood disaster Areas' residents of Dongting Lake in 1998 were higher and had significant difference. The average hospitalization expenses in 1998 was affected by flood types, family income, gender, age, literacy, occupation, outcome after leaving the hospital and hospital ranks. These results implied that the flood disease aggravated inhabitants' burden of disease in Dongting Lake areas; the factors influencing the average hospitalization expenses were multiple, and synthetic measures should be taken in the prevention and control of flood disaster.

  16. Ecological evolution across the Permian/Triassic boundary at the Kangjiaping Section in Cili County,Hunan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG QinXian; TONG JinNan; SONG Haidun; YANG Hao

    2009-01-01

    The stratigraphic sequence of calcimicrobialite facies at the Permian-Triassic (P/Tr) boundary has well recorded the biotic and environmental transition across the end-Permian catastrophic events.The bio-stratigraphy,microfacies,carbon isotopes,and fossil records across the P/Tr boundary have been studied at the Kangjiaping Section in Cili County,Hunan Province.Three biostratigraphic zones,Pa-laeofusulina-Colaniella Zone,Hindeodus parvus Zone,and Isarcicella staeschei Zone,are identified.The excursion of δC exhibits a sharp negative shift in the calcimicrobialite at the P/Tr boundary,which is roughly accordant with the abrupt biociastic decline.In addition,five types of microfacies are recognized,including aigal-foraminifer bioclastic limestone,algal-laminated calcimicrobial limestone,oolitic grainstone,vermiculate limestone,and intraclastic wackstone.The results indicate that the changeover of ecosystem from metazoan reef to calcimicrobialite in Cili is a classic case of marine ecological evolution during the Paleozoic-Mesozoic transition.

  17. [Lead uptake by plant in soil-plant system at lead-zinc deposit area of western Hunan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yong-Hua; Yang, Lin-Sheng; Ji, Yan-Fang; Sun, Hong-Fei; Li, Hai-Rong; Wang, Wu-Yi

    2008-01-01

    Contents of lead in several crops as well as its uptake and distribution by paddy in typical lead-zinc deposit area of western Hunan province were studied based on field systematic sampling and laboratory analysis. The average concentration of lead in rice, maize and soy bean in the deposit was 2.4, 1.2 and 3.3 times higher than that in control area, respectively, suggesting that crops in the deposit were heavily contaminated by the element. Significant difference of the lead concentrations in crops was found among different crop species and different organs of the same crops. The average concentration of lead followed the trend: soy bean > rice > maize (among crop species), and root > haulm > seed (among organs). Paddy root exhibited strong binding and tolerant capacity to lead. Correlation analysis indicated that soil lead was main retention in paddy root, whereas the gaseous lead might be the main source for lead in the aerial part of crop. Heavy metals such as Hg, Cd as well as Pb co-enriched in crops, therefore the mechanism and health risk of the combined pollution of heavy metals in the deposit crops should be paid attention to.

  18. Risk assessment of Cd polluted paddy soils in the industrial and township areas in Hunan, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Meie; Chen, Weiping; Peng, Chi

    2016-02-01

    Cadmium (Cd) contamination in rice in Youxian, Hunan, China is a major environmental health concern. In order to reveal the Cd contamination in rice and paddy soils and the health risks to the population consuming the local rice grain, field surveys were conducted in eight towns in Youxian, China. The Cd contents of paddy soils averaged 0.228-1.91 mg kg(-1), 90% exceeding the allowable limit of 0.3 mg kg(-1) stipulated by the China Soil Environmental Quality Standards. Low average pH values (for air dried oxidized soils) ranging from 4.98 to 6.02 in paddy soil were also found. More than seventy percent (39 of 53) of the grain samples exceeded the maximum safe concentration of Cd, 0.2 mg kg(-1) on a dry weight basis. Considering the high consumption of local rice (339 g capita(-1) DW d(-1)) and Cd levels measured, dietary ingestion of 78% of the sampled rice grains would have adverse health risks because the intake exposure of Cd was greater than the JECFA recommended exposures, 0.8 µg Cd BW kg(-1) day(-1) or 25 µg Cd BW kg(-1) month(-1).

  19. [Characteristics and Inputs of Cd Contamination in Paddy Soils in Typical Mining and Industrial Areas in Youxian County, Hunan Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Wang Mei-e; Chen, Wei-ping; Niu, Jun-jie

    2015-04-01

    In order to explore input pathways and pollution characteristics of Cd contamination in paddy soil in Youxian, Hunan Province, Cd contents in paddy soils, sediments of irrigation canals, typical mineral and industrial products such as coal, gangue and cement were analyzed. It was suggested that the average contents of Cd both in surface paddy soil and the corresponding natural soil were higher than the soil quality standard 0.3 mg x kg(-1). Cd contents in gangue and cement were similar as those in the corresponding natural soils. The atmosphere deposition of Cd was the highest in factory area. The profiles of Cd in 0-100 cm paddy soil and 0-40 cm in natural soils varied significantly from the upper to the lower layer. Cd contents in 0-40 cm layer in paddy soil were much higher than those in corresponding natural soils in mineral and mineral-factory areas. The potentiality for downward movement of Cd in soils in mineral area was the highest among the three studied areas. It suggested Cd contents in surface paddy soil were higher in upwind areas than those in downwind areas in mineral-factory and factory areas. It could be concluded that the main input pathways of Cd in mineral and mineral-factory. areas were from irrigation water, while contribution of atmosphere deposition in mineral-factory and factory areas was also very significant.

  20. Genetic Polymorphism of Nine Non-CODIS STR Loci in Hu-nan Province-based Chinese Han Population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Juan-juan; LIU Ying; GUO Ya-dong; YAN Jie; CHANG Yun-feng; CAI Ji-feng; LU Ting; ZHA Lagabaiyila

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the allelic frequency distribution and genetic parameters of nine non-CODIS DNA index systems of the short tandemrepeat (STR ) loci (D2S1772, D6S1043, D7S3048, D8S1132, D11S2368, D12S391, D13S325, D18S1364, and GATA198B05). Methods A total of 353 blood samples were collected, extracted, amplified, and analyzed fromunrelated healthy individuals of Han na-tionality in Hunan Province, China. Results O ne hundred and fourteen alleles were observed in the pop-ulation with corresponding allelic frequencies ranged from0.001 0 to 0.323 0. For all the nine non-CODIS STR loci, the observed genotypic data showed no significant deviations fromthe Hardy-W einberg equi-librium. The Ho, He, PIC, D P, and PE of the studied non-CODIS STR loci ranged from0.108 0 to 0.195 0, 0.805 0 to 0.892 0, 0.770 0 to 0.860 0, 0.925 0 to 0.966 0 and 0.607 0 to 0.780 0, respectively. Conclusion N ine non-CODIS STR loci have high degrees of polymorphisms, which may be useful in in-dividual forensic identification and parentage testing in forensic practice.

  1. [Role of socio-economy and management in sustainable transmission control of schistosomiasis in Taoyuan County, Hunan Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Zhi-Hong; Li, Sheng-Ming; Zhou, Xiao-Nong; Yi, Ping; Ren, Guang-Hui; Franziska, Bieri; Zhao, Zheng-Yuan; Hou, Xun-Ya; Ren, Mao-Yuan; Li, Yi-Yi; Dong, Ru-Lan; Zeng, Jin-Yuan; She, Shu-Ping

    2013-02-01

    To clarify the role of socio-economy and management in the sustainable schistosomiasis-control in Taoyuan County, an endemic area in hilly region, Hunan Province, China. From 1996 to 2011, the data of socio-economy, the management of schistosomiasis control organizations, environment, and the changes in schistosomiasis prevalence were collected in Taoyuan County where schistosomiasis transmission had been controlled since 2008. A sampling survey of schistosomiasis prevalence of human and bovine was performed in 2011 to verify the current status of schistosomiasis transmission. All the data were analyzed statistically to evaluate the role of socio-economy and management in the sustainable schistosomiasis control. During the period from 1998 to 2012, the socio-economy including the residents' productive mode and daily life in Taoyuan County improved dramatically, but the recurrence risk of schistosomiasis endemic still existed due to the retuning of out-going workers and the migrating population. Moreover, the introduction of exotic species of plants and animals may increase the risk. The low running cost of schistosomiasis control organization as well as the efficient and adequate resource allocation in the county was in line with the national requirement to strengthen the rural grass-roots public health system. The harmonious development of socio-economy and the scientific and efficient health system in Taoyuan County are the key factors for the sustainable transmission control of schistosomiasis.

  2. Analysis of the status and influencing factors of job burnout of ICU nurses in provincial 3A-level comprehensive hospitals in Changsha%长沙市省级综合三级甲等医院ICU护士职业倦怠现状及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红辉; 刘怡素; 何国平; 秦月兰; 邹灏宇

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of ICU nurse's job burnout in provincial 3 A -level comprehensive hospitals in Changsha, and to explore its influencing factors. Method The Chinese version of Maslach Burnout Inventory ( MBI) was used to conduct a survey among 215 ICU nurses in Changsha. Results The rates of low,moderate and severe level burnout among ICU nurses in Changsha were 30. 70% ,22. 79% ,5. 58% respectively. Gender,frequency of night shift, self - assessment of family communication quality and administrative duties were the main influencing factors of job burnout. Conclusion The problem of job burnout is significant among ICU nurses in Changsha, and the female ICU nurses with poor quality of family communication, with more night shifts are the priority groups for the intervention.%目的 调查长沙市省级综合三级甲等医院ICU护士职业倦怠现状,并探讨其影响因素.方法 采用工作倦怠量表对215名ICU护士进行问卷调查.结果 护士的轻、中、重度职业倦怠的检出率分别为30.70%、22.79%、5.58%;性别、班次轮换、自评家庭交流质量和职务是ICU护士职业倦怠的影响因素.结论 长沙市省级综合三级甲等医院ICU护士的职业倦怠问题比较严重,家庭交流质量差、夜班多的女性ICU护士应为职业倦怠干预的重点对象.

  3. THE POPULATION DYNAMICS OF ONCOMELANIA HUPENSIS AFTER SNAILS CONTROL IN MARSHLANDS IN CHANGSHA SECTION OF XIANG RIVER%湘江长沙段洲滩钉螺防治后的种群动态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘年猛; 黄琼瑶; 胡自强; 彭飞; 孙慧

    2009-01-01

    Schistosomiasis brings heaps of harmful effects to hosts. It was more widespread in Changjiang drainage basin and Southern China. Oncomelania hupensis, the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, plays a vital role in the transmission and prevalence of Schistosomiasis. The urban section of Xiang River was considered to be an area without snails. Due to a variety of factors, snails have been found in many marshlands in Changsha section of Xiang River since snails were found in fujiazhou in 1997. To investigate the distribution and quantitative changes of Oncomelania snails in each marshland of Changsha section of Xiang River, and to evaluate the effectiveness of snail control in recent years, we have made a consecutive investigation of snail distribution in marshlands from 2003 to 2008 by using the systematic and environmental sampling according to the methods mentioned in "Handbook of Schistosomiasis Control". Twenty-four marshlands were investigated continuously from 2003 to 2008. The total number of marshlands with snails were 20 which accounted for 83. 3% of all marshlands investigated, and four marshlands had no snails. The number of marshland with living snails accounted for 62.50, 66.67 , 66.6, 70.83 , 33.33 and 37.50% of the year investigated respectively. Compared with 2008 , the number of marshlands with living snails, the rate of frame with snails, the average density of snails and the rate of living snails decreased 40.00, 99.10, 99.74 and 51.09% respectively in 2003. Processed by SAS 9. 1. 3 Cochran-Armitage Trend Chi-Square Test, the rate of frames with snails(Z= 91.56, P < 0.01) and the rate of living snails( Z = 65.13, P<0.01) were different in each marshland, and the downward trend was significant Among the 20 marshlands with snails, 5 marshlands have infected snails, occupying 25.00% of the whole. The number of marshlands with infected snails has declined year by year, so have the average density of infected snails and the infection rate

  4. Viral surveillance on rabies in Hunan province,in 2006%湖南省2006年狂犬病病原学监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴德芳; 张红; 刘运芝; 刘富强; 唐青; 李浩; 陶晓燕

    2008-01-01

    Objective To understand the source and distribution of rabies virus(RV)in Hunan province with viral surveillance in order to provide scientific measures for prevention and control on rabies.Methods Brain samples from healthy-looking domestic dogs were collected in the agricultural markets at the dist6cLs of high.middle,and lOW incidence rates and detected by direct Immunofluorescence assay (DFA).Positive samples would be further detected by RT-PCR and the surveillance samples were detected bv RT.PCR.The positive samples detected bv RT-PCR were sequenced with N gene.Results The infection rate of thosc healthy-looking domestic dogs with rabies virus was 2.78%in Hunan province in 2005.23 positive samples’N gene were sequenced and their similarities were 88.8%-100.0%.The results indicated that Hunan rabies virus N gene aberrance was mainly synonymous aberrance and did not CKITy obvious regional characteristics.The rabies virus were circulating among different districts in Hunan province,and the neighboring provinces such as Guizhou,Hubei,GuangxiComparison of immunity to measles between floating and local population,Jiangsu and Henan.There were no positive samples detected in salivary,blood and urine samples.There was one positive sample detected in two skin samples.Conclusion There are dogs infected with rabies virus found in Hunan province and this study showed that rabies virus detected in Hunan had a close genetic relationship with those rabies idcntified in other provinces,suggesting that study on the immunity and management of dog related rabies should be strengthened.%目的 了解湖南省狂犬病病毒的分布及来源,从病原学角度分析该省狂犬病疫情高发的原因.方法 采集湖南省人间狂犬病高、中、低疫区市售家犬脑组织及疑似病例、病犬标本,用直接免疫荧光法(DFA)和RT-PCR检测狂犬病病毒,RT-PCR阳性标本进行狂犬病病毒N基因片段核苷酸序列分析. 结果 外观正常犬脑

  5. Talk about the Diversification Reference Service in Hunan Agriculture University Library%谈湖南省农业高校图书馆参考咨询多元化服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄杜鹃

    2012-01-01

    Based on the characteristics of diversification reference service, as Hunan agriculture university library a example, analysis the present situation ,development trend and countermeasure of reference service in Hunan agricultural university%根据农业高校图书馆参考咨询多元化特点,以湖南农业大学图书馆为例,分析湖南农业高校图书馆参考咨询的现状、发展趋势和对策。

  6. Rhenium-osmium isotope constraints on the age and source of the platinum mineralization in the Lower Cambrian black rock series of Hunan-Guizhou provinces, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李胜荣; 肖启云; 申俊峰; 孙丽; 刘波; 阎柏琨; 江永宏

    2003-01-01

    The shale at the bottom of the Lower Cambrian black series in South China is rich in nonferrous metals, noble metals, rare and dispersed elements and radioactive elements, known as "polyelement-rich bed". In order to date and trace the source of the platinum group elements, 6 samples were collected from the Zhongnan region of Guizhou Province, and the Ganzi- ping-Sancha region of Hunan Province. The contents and isotopes of Re and Os were measured. Re and Os are positively correlated with each other and the correlation coefficient between 187Os/188Os and 187Re/188Os is 0.99856. On the 187Os/188Os-187Re/188Os diagram, 6 sample points are well-distributed along the (542±11) Ma fitting isochron in high coincidence and with 0.84±0.12 as the initial 187Os/188Os value. The result displays that the age value of the major mineralization of Re, Os and other platinum group elements is (542±11) Ma, which is identical with the stratigraphical age of the wall rocks; the 'polyelement beds' in Hunan and Guizhou provinces bear high isochroneity; the differences of the forming times of different materials in the 'polyelement bed' of the same area do not surpass the error limit permissible for Re-Os date fitting; there exists no distinct time interval between the formation of the diagenetic veinlets and that of the 'polyelement bed', or the Re-Os isotope composition has not been distinctly changed by the former process; basaltic crust might be the major source of Re, Os, other platinum group and trace elements in the Lower Cambrian 'polyelement bed' of Hunan and Guizhou provinces.

  7. 湖南农业云物联网建设对策分析%The countermeasure analysis of Hunan cloud agriculture IOT construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘波; 郭平; 沈岳; 丁毅

    2013-01-01

      To meet the demand that Hunan is taken as the pilot province of national rural information, base on the research analysis in the grassroots during the implementation process of the Hunan agriculture IOT program, and learn from the implementation result of Yixing of Jiangsu agriculture IOT program, some specific countermeasures is provided. It is proposed that to build Hunan agriculture IOT should first break the mature industries of pig, aquaculture and greenhouse cultivation, and take the university technical supports and corporate operation as mainly model, focus on the resource integration, demonstrate first, and then popularize, so that accelerates the IOT research achievement transformation.%  针对湖南作为国家农村信息化试点省份的需求导向,以湖南农业物联网项目实施过程中多次下基层调研分析为基础,同时借鉴江苏省宜兴市农业物联网的实施成果,针对湖南省农业物联网的实际情况,结合湖南农业云平台的应用,提出湖南农业物联网建设必须优先突破当前比较成熟的生猪、水产、大棚栽培等物联网建设,以高校技术支持、企业运作为主轴,以资源整合为重点,先示范后推广,加快湖南省农业物联网研究成果转化的具体对策。

  8. Assessment of the interactions between economic growth and industrial wastewater discharges using co-integration analysis: a case study for China's Hunan Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Qiang; Gao, Yang; Hu, Dan; Tan, Hong; Wang, Tianxiang

    2011-07-01

    We have investigated the interactions between economic growth and industrial wastewater discharge from 1978 to 2007 in China's Hunan Province using co-integration theory and an error-correction model. Two main economic growth indicators and four representative industrial wastewater pollutants were selected to demonstrate the interaction mechanism. We found a long-term equilibrium relationship between economic growth and the discharge of industrial pollutants in wastewater between 1978 and 2007 in Hunan Province. The error-correction mechanism prevented the variable expansion for long-term relationship at quantity and scale, and the size of the error-correction parameters reflected short-term adjustments that deviate from the long-term equilibrium. When economic growth changes within a short term, the discharge of pollutants will constrain growth because the values of the parameters in the short-term equation are smaller than those in the long-term co-integrated regression equation, indicating that a remarkable long-term influence of economic growth on the discharge of industrial wastewater pollutants and that increasing pollutant discharge constrained economic growth. Economic growth is the main driving factor that affects the discharge of industrial wastewater pollutants in Hunan Province. On the other hand, the discharge constrains economic growth by producing external pressure on growth, although this feedback mechanism has a lag effect. Economic growth plays an important role in explaining the predicted decomposition of the variance in the discharge of industrial wastewater pollutants, but this discharge contributes less to predictions of the variations in economic growth.

  9. Assessment of the Interactions between Economic Growth and Industrial Wastewater Discharges Using Co-integration Analysis: A Case Study for China’s Hunan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Hu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We have investigated the interactions between economic growth and industrial wastewater discharge from 1978 to 2007 in China's Hunan Province using co-integration theory and an error-correction model. Two main economic growth indicators and four representative industrial wastewater pollutants were selected to demonstrate the interaction mechanism. We found a long-term equilibrium relationship between economic growth and the discharge of industrial pollutants in wastewater between 1978 and 2007 in Hunan Province. The error-correction mechanism prevented the variable expansion for long-term relationship at quantity and scale, and the size of the error-correction parameters reflected short-term adjustments that deviate from the long-term equilibrium. When economic growth changes within a short term, the discharge of pollutants will constrain growth because the values of the parameters in the short-term equation are smaller than those in the long-term co-integrated regression equation, indicating that a remarkable long-term influence of economic growth on the discharge of industrial wastewater pollutants and that increasing pollutant discharge constrained economic growth. Economic growth is the main driving factor that affects the discharge of industrial wastewater pollutants in Hunan Province. On the other hand, the discharge constrains economic growth by producing external pressure on growth, although this feedback mechanism has a lag effect. Economic growth plays an important role in explaining the predicted decomposition of the variance in the discharge of industrial wastewater pollutants, but this discharge contributes less to predictions of the variations in economic growth.

  10. 湖南电网电压协调控制方案%Coordinated Scheme for Automatic Voltage Control of Hunan Power Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于汀; 王伟

    2011-01-01

    In order to optimize voltage regulation ability of Hunan Power Grid, a voltage and reactive power optimal control model, in which the least network loss is taken as objective, and a voltage correction control model independent of the state estimation results are built. Taking Hunan power grid for example, a coordinated scheme for voltage control in which the reactive power at high voltage side is taken as coordinative variable is proposed. The (automatic voltage control) AVC system in provincial dispatching center transmits the reactive power regulation range at the gateway and the command of reactive power compensation direction to the AVC system of regional dispatching department. The coordinated voltage control results in Hunan power grid show that the proposed scheme can effectively reduce network loss and decrease the off-limit probability of voltage.%为优化湖南电网电压调节能力,建立了以网损最小为目标的电压无功优化控制模型,并建立了不依赖于状态估计结果的电压校正控制模型.以湖南电网为例,提出了以关口变电站高压侧无功为协调变量的电压协调控制方案,省调自动电压控制(automatic voltage control,AVC)系统向地调AVC系统下发关口无功调节范围和无功补偿方向指令.湖南省电压协调控制结果表明,该方案可有效降低系统网损,减少电压越限概率.

  11. 湖南澧阳平原史前文化的区域考察%A Regional Study of the Prehistoric Culture on the Liyang Plain, Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹检顺

    2003-01-01

    As early as the Paleolithic Age, man lived on the Hunan Liyang Plain and created the highly developed Paleolithic Lishui culture. Starting from the Pengtoushan culture, the Neolithic culture of this region maintained its continuity and progressiveness. It was greatly owing to the mutual promotion of favorable geographical environments, rather early rice farming and developed settlement in this area. These factors caused constant innovation in customary law and cultural aspect, and led to gradual development in social formation. However, due to the intrusion of external forces, this region failed to cross the threshold of civilized society.

  12. Research on the Relationship between Income and Consumption of the Urban Residents in Hunan Province on the Basis of Error Correction Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using error correction model, I conduct co-integration analysis on the research of the relationship between the per capita practical consumption and per capita practical disposable income of urban residents in Hunan Province from 1978 to 2009. The results show that there is a co-integration relationship between the per capita practical consumption and the practical per capita disposable income of urban residents, and based on these, the corresponding error correction model is established. Finally, corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows: broaden the income channel of urban residents; create goods consuming environment; perfect socialist security system.

  13. Analysis on Morbidity of Occupational Poisoning in Changsha from 2002 to 2011%长沙市2002-2011年职业中毒发病状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉莲; 陈法明; 李继猛; 彭言群

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the morbidity of occupational poisoning in Changsha during the period of 2002 -2011, and to provide a scientific basis for making strategies for the disease prevention and control. Methods With retrospective investigation methods, the poisons types of acute and chronic occupational poisoning and the reasons for acute poisoning accidents were synthetically analyzed. Results During the period of 2002 - 2011, there were 15 episodes of acute occupational poisoning accidents taking place in Changsha, the number of involved patients was 39, with 8 death cases. The case number of hydrogen sulfide poisoning ranked the first place, while the mortality which caused by carbon dioxide was the highest. The lack of safety knowledge of occupation health and the violation of safety rules were the main reasons that led to accidents. Mengnong, hydrazine hydrate, dimethylformamide, hydrogen fluoride, and dichloroethane were the poisons that caused the first episode of acute poisoning in Changsha. The rate of applying for occupational disease diagnosis among the acute poisoning cases was 41.02% . The rate of applying for occupational disease diagnosis among the suspect chronic poisoning cases was 28.19% . Conclusions The city sewage management is the key industry to cause acute occupational poisoning, so it is of importance to increase occupational safety training in this industry and strengthen occupational hygiene supervision and management of employing units.%目的 了解长沙市2002-2011年职业中毒发病情况,为制定防治对策提供科学依据. 方法 运用回顾性调查方法,对急慢性职业中毒的毒物种类、急性中毒事故发生原因,进行综合分析. 结果 2002-2011年期间,长沙市共发生急性职业中毒15起,受累病人39人,死亡8人,其中硫化氢居首位,死亡率最高的是二氧化碳;缺乏职业卫生安全知识和违反安全操作规程是导致事故的主要原因;猛农、水合肼、二甲基甲

  14. Survey and Analysis on the Pressure of Medical Personnel in Changsha City%长沙市医务人员压力调查及其结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金莲

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解长沙市医务人员压力现状、压力来源,并提出合理建议. 方法 通过对长沙市医务人员多阶段分层整群随机抽样获得样本数据,对医务人员自评压力等级、焦虑得分、抑郁得分、社会支持得分进行统计描述和相关分析. 结果 共调查1 600名医务人员,收回有效问卷1 474份,有效率为92.13%.医务人员自评34.3%的人员存在重大压力,焦虑标准得分为(47.83±10.35)分,有重度焦虑情绪的医务人员占3.2%;抑郁标准得分为(54.08±10.78)分,有重度抑郁情绪的医务人员占6.4%;社会支持总得分(37.76±8.56)分;两两相关分析,焦虑总得分、抑郁总得分与社会支持总得分呈负相关(r=-0.277、-0.375);焦虑总得分与抑郁总得分呈正相关(r =0.494). 结论 长沙市医务人员普遍存在职业压力,医院管理者应重点关注重度抑郁、重度焦虑的医务人员,建设医院人文环境,合理配备医务人员,减轻工作强度,提高社会支持度.%Objective To investigate the current situation of pressure and sources of pressure among medical professionals in Changsha City,and to put forward some reasonable suggestions.Methods Questionnaire surveys were conducted among medical professionals selected by multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling in Changsha City,and then the related data,including self-rating pressure and the scores of anxiety,depression and social support were described and analyzed.Results A total of 1,600 medical professionals were surveyed,and 1,474 valid questionnaires were retrieved,with the effective rate of 92.13%.34.3% of the medical professionals self-assessed themselves as having severe pressure.The mean score of anxiety was (47.83 ± 10.35),and 3.2% medical professionals had severe anxiety.The mean score of depression was (54.08 ± 10.78),and 6.4% medical professionals suffered from severe depression.The mean score of social support was (37.76 ± 8

  15. 杭南长客运专线速度目标值选择分析%Analysis on Speed Target Value of Hangzhou-Nanchang-Changsha Railway Passenger Dedicated Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏飞; 雷晓燕; 高亮; 吴浩存

    2014-01-01

    Taking the Hangzhou-Nanchang-Changsha Railway passenger dedicated line as an example, and according to the selection principle of speed target value of high-speed railway, this paper analyzed the different speed target values which have influence on relevant aspects, including technical standard, engineering quantity and static investment, travel time, EMU's purchase cost and investment efficiency. The research results show that: ( a ) The higher the speed target value is, the higher the technical standards for this line will be, and the engineering quantity and static investment will also increase, but the increase will not be large. ( b ) Within Hangzhou-Changsha section, as the targeted speed value increases , the quantity of the EMU needed by the turnover of passenger traffic will decrease;there will be the lowest EMU's purchase cost when the speed target value is 250 km/h; and there will be little difference on EMU's purchase costs between the 300 km/h and 350 km/h speed target values. ( c) The 350 km/h speed target value has significant advantages in two aspects of saving travel time and boosting investment efficiency. Finally, after comprehensively consideration on all influence factors, the paper proposed that the 350 km/h speed target value should be used for the Hangzhou-Nanchang-Changsha Railway passenger dedicated line.%以杭南长客运专线为例,在遵循高速铁路速度目标值选择原则的基础上,分析不同速度目标值对技术标准、工程数量和静态投资、旅行时间、动车组购置费以及投资效益的影响。研究结果表明:速度目标值越高,线路所选择的技术标准越高,工程数量和静态投资也随之增大,但增幅不大;杭州—长沙区段内,随着速度目标值的提高,满足旅客周转的动车组数量减少;250 km/h方案的动车购置费最低,300 km/h和350 km/h两种方案的动车购置费相差不大;350 km/h方案在节约旅行时间和投资效益两个方面占有

  16. Analysis on Spatial Gradients Pattern of Thermal Environment Landscape in Changsha Metropolitan Area%长沙都市区热力景观空间格局分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李少青; 陈学业; 莫宏伟

    2012-01-01

    热环境是城市生态系统的重要组成部分,将分形几何学的基本理论引入地表热力景观格局研究,可以量化评价城市热环境状况.以长沙都市区为例,利用TM热波段反演得到地表温度,并将其分为强热岛、弱热岛、常温区、弱冷岛和强冷岛5种热力景观类型,分别采用standard法和moving window法分析了都市区热力景观空间格局,然后用边界维数D和稳定指数SK定量化地描述了热力景观格局的复杂度与稳定性.结果显示:常温区是热力景观基质,而热岛景观已是春季城市热场重要特征;景观梯度变化在南北和东西两条样带上均呈现由市区向乡村骤变的特征,并伴有不同幅度的波动;热力景观边界维数D复杂度排序为:常温区>弱热岛>弱冷岛>强热岛>强冷岛,稳定性指数SK排序与之相反.%Thermal environment is a very important composition of urban ecosystem. This paper integrates some theories of fractal and quantitative methods into the study on thermal environment issues, and the spatial gradients pattern of thermal environment landscape in Changsha metropolitan area. As retrieving land surface temperature (LST) using single-channel algorithms from LANDSAT TM data in 2009,and dividing LST into five thermal environment landscape types,that is,strong heat island,weak heat island,normal temperature areas, weak cool island and strong cool island With the support of ArcGIS.aims to analyze complete landscape patterns and its spatial differences within the whole basin through standard methods and moving window analysis of Fragstats,the spatial gradients patterns of thermal environment landscape in Changsha metropolitan area of class level and landscape level are calculated. It's showed the results as followings:1)normal temperature areas compose a major part in Changsha metropolitan area on 2009,and the landscape of heat island (including strong heat island and weak heat island),accounting for

  17. Prevalence of allergens for Changsha patients with allergic rhinitis%长沙地区变应性鼻炎患者的变应原分布特点及结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕云霞; 谢志海; 赵素萍; 章华; 刘永珍; 陈香; 蒋卫红

    2011-01-01

    目的:通过对长沙地区变应性鼻炎患者进行过敏原检测及分析,筛查本地区常见过敏原,绘制本地区变应性鼻炎患者的变应原分布图,为合理防治变应性鼻炎提供统计学依据.方法:对1437例疑似变应性鼻炎患者进行皮肤点刺试验,测定致敏变应原,并进行统计学分析.结果:1437例疑似变应性鼻炎患者中898例(62.49%)有阳性反应,898例阳性患者中吸入性变应原阳性率依次为粉尘螨883例(98.33%)、屋尘螨849例(94.54%)、真菌Ⅱ 173例(19.27%)和杂草165例(18.37%);食入组变应原以小虾318例(35.41%)为主;儿童期、青少年期和成年期点刺阳性患者中2种以上变应原呈阳性的比例依次为8.57%、18.04%、19.15%.结论:在长沙地区,导致变应性鼻炎的吸入性变应原中,屋尘螨、粉尘螨占据绝对的主导地位,应作为长沙地区的重点变应原开展变应性鼻炎的防治工作,尤其重视儿童变应性鼻炎的治疗.%Objective:To investigate the allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis,to find common allergens of Changsha and to provide statistic basis for a reasonable prevention and treatment. Method: The allergens in 1437 patients with allergic rhinitis in Changsha were detected by skin prick test. Result: Eight hundred and ninty eight (62.49 %)of 1 437 cases presented positive reaction. Among positive cases in inhalation group, the most common allergen was flour mite (98.33%), then were house dust mite (94. 54%), mycetes Ⅱ (19. 27%) and weed (18.37%). Shrimp(35.41%) was thc most common allergens in food group. △nd in childhood, adolescence and a dulthood prick positive cases, the ratio of more than 2 positive allergens were about 8. 57,18.04 %, 19. 15%.Conclusion:The study shows that the f1our mite and house dust mite are the most common allergens in Changsha.

  18. Spatial distribution and influencing factors of urban land price in Changsha City%长沙市区地价的空间分布特征及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常疆; 廖秋芳; 王良健

    2011-01-01

    利用长沙市2003~2009年上半年的土地交易资料,采用GIS空间分析和计量经济学相结合的方法,得出长沙市区商业、住宅和工业出让地价分布的空间结构图,分析三类用地地价的空间分布特征及其影响因素。结果表明:(1)土地用途不同,其地价的空间分布也不同,商业地价对商服繁华度要求较高,高值区集聚在市中心(以五一广场为中心);住宅地价对环境质量要求较高,高值区相对商业地价集聚度有所下降;工业地价由于有较高的对外交通条件要求,其空间分布相对比较分散、均匀。(2)作为典型的单一中心城市,长沙各类地价空间变化的影响因素,因土地用途而异,但商服中心影响度对三类地价都存在显著影响。%Based on the land transaction data in Changsha from 2003 to the first half of 2009,GIS and econometrics methods were used to compile three spatial structure maps on the distribution of commercial,residential and industrial land prices.Then this paper analyzed the spatial distribution of the three types of land prices and its influencing factors in Changsha.The results are shown as follows.First,the spatial distribution of land price is different in terms of land use types.Commercial land price calls more for the degree of CBD,and the high value areas are concentrated near the center of the city—Wuyi square.Residential land price is consistent with the level of environment quality,and compared with commercial land price,the degree of aggregation for areas with high values comes down to some extent.Industrial land price,which depends more on external traffic factors,is relatively sparsely and evenly distributed in space.Second,the factors affecting the spatial variation of the three types of land are different due to different usages of the land.Degree of CBD is the most important factor among the factors affecting spatial land change in the single central city—Changsha land

  19. Fixed Ammonium Content and Maximum Capacity of Ammonium Fixation in Major Types of Tillage Soils in Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yang-zhu; HUANG Shun-hong; WAN Da-juan; HUANG Yun-xiang; ZHOU Wei-jun; ZOU Ying-bin

    2007-01-01

    In order to understand the status of fixed ammonium, fixed ammonium content, maximum capacity of ammonium fixation, and their influencing factors in major types of tillage soils of Hunan Province, China, were studied with sampling on fields, and laboratory incubation and determination. The main results are summarized as follows: (1) Content of fixed ammonium in the tested soils varies greatly with soil use pattern and the nature of parent material. For the paddy soils, it ranges from 135.4 ± 57.4 to 412.8±32.4 mg kg-1, with 304.7±96.7 mg kg-1 in average; while it ranges from 59.4 to 435.7 mg kg-1, with 230.1 ± 89.2 mg kg1 in average for the upland soils. The soils developed from limnic material and slate had higher fixed ammonium content than the soils developed from granite. The percentage of fixed ammonium to total N in the upland soils is always higher than that in the paddy soils. It ranges from 6.1 ± 3.6% to 16.6 ±4.6%, with 14.0% ± 5.1% in average for the paddy soils and it amounted to 5.8 ±2.0% to 40.1 ± 17.8%, with 23.5 ± 14.2% in average for upland soils. (2) The maximum capacity of ammonium fixation has the same trend with the fixed ammonium content in the tested soils. For all the tested soils, the percentage of recently fixed ammonium to maximum capacity of ammonium fixation is always bellow 20% and it may be due to the fact that the soils have high fertility and high saturation of ammonium-fixing site. (3) The clay content and clay composition in the tested soils are the two important factors influe ncing their fixed ammonium content and maximum capacity of ammonium fixation. The results showed that hydrous mica is the main 2:1 type clay mineral in <0.02 mm clay of the paddy soils, and its content in 0.02-0.002 mm clay is much higher than that in < 0.002 mm clay of the soils. The statistical analysis showed that both the fixed ammonium content and the maximum capacity of ammonium fixation of the paddy soils were positively correlated with

  20. Relationships between soil heavy metal pollution and enzyme activities in mining areas of northern Hunan province, Central South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xue-Feng; Jiang, Ying; Shu, Ying

    2014-05-01

    Hunan province, Central South China, is a well-known nonferrous metal base in China. Mine exploiting and processing there, however, often lead to heavy metal pollution of farmland. To study the effects of mining activities on the soil environmental quality, four representative paddy fields, the HSG, SNJ, NT and THJ, in Y county, northern Hunan province, were investigated. It was found that the streams running through the HSG, SNJ and NT are severely contaminated due to the long-term discharge of untreated mineral wastewater from local indigenous mining factories. The stream at the HSG, for example, is brownish red in color, with high concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, Fe and Mn. The concentrations of Cu, Zn and Cd in all the stream water of the HSG, SNJ and NT exceed the maximum allowable levels of the Agricultural Irrigation Water Criteria of China. Correspondingly, the HSG, SNJ and NT are heavily polluted by Cu, Zn and Cd due to the long-term irrigation with the contaminated stream water. In comparison, both stream water and paddy fields of the THJ, far away from mining areas, are not contaminated by any heavy metals and hence regarded as a control in this study. The rice grain produced at the HSG, SNJ and NT has a high risk of Cd contamination. The rate of rice grain produced in the four paddy fields in Y county with Cd exceeding the safe level (Cd, 0.2 μg g-1) specified by the National Standards for Rice Quality and Safety of China reaches 90%. Cd content in the rice grain is positively significantly correlated with that in the paddy fields, especially with the content of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) - extracted Cd, suggesting that the heavy metal pollution of paddy fields has already posed a high risk to rice safety and human health. Soil enzyme activities and microbial biomass are significantly inhibited by the heavy metal pollution of the paddy fields. Microbial biomass C and N (MBC and MBN) at a severely contaminated site of the HSG are only 31

  1. Effects of Organic Manure Application with Chemical Fertilizers on Nutrient Absorption and Yield of Rice in Hunan of Southern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ming-gang; LI Dong-chu; LI Ju-mei; QIN Dao-zhu; Kazuyuki Yagi; Yasukazu Hosen

    2008-01-01

    To evaluate the effect of organic manure application with chemical fertilizers on rice yield and soil fertility under long-term double-rice cropping system, a six year field experiment was conducted continually in the paddy soil derived from Quaternary red clay in Hunan Province of southern China. Four different treatments, i.e., no nitrogen with chemical P and K (PK), swine manure only (M), N, P and K chemical fertilizers only (NPK), and half chemical fertilizers combined with half swine manure (NPKM) with four replications were included. Each N, P and K application rate was the same at all the treatments (except the N application rate at PK) and N application rate was 150 kg N ha-'. All fertilizers were applied to soil tillage layer with once application as baseal fertilizers. The nutrients uptake rate, grain yield, nitrogen use efficiency, and soil organic matter content at each treatment were investigated. The NPKM treatment achieved the highest mean annual yield of 12.2 t ha-1 (68% higher than that of PK). Higher dry matter accumulation and nutrients absorption were observed during the middle-late growth period in the NPKM treatment, with higher panicle number per unit and filled-grain number per panicle. Its average nitrogen use efficiency was 36.3% and soil organic matter increased by 18.5% during the experimental period in the NPKM treatment, which were significantly higher than those in the NPK treatment. Organic manure application with chemical fertilizers increased the yield and nitrogen use efficiency of rice, reduced the risk of environmental pollution and improved soil fertility greatly. It could be a good practical technique that protects the environment and raises the rice yield in this region.

  2. [Study on the situation regarding endoscope cleaning and disinfection in the department of otolaryngology in Hunan hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang; Li, Wei; Li, Rong; Tan, Guolin; Luo, Dan

    2016-05-01

    To investigate the situation regarding the cleaning and sterilization of endonasal endoscopes in department of otolaryngology in Hunan Province, and to provide strategy for improving the level of sterilization and management of endonasal endoscopes.
 A total of 100 medical institutions were investigated by spot assessment, check and sampling. Data was analyzed by multivariate analysis.
 The qualified rate of rules and regulations for endoscopy was 28.8% in the second-class hospitals and 45% in the top-class hospitals. The qualified rate of environment for endoscopy cleaning and sterilization was 36.3% in the second-class hospitals and 85% in the top-class hospitals. The main problems include lack of independent disinfection room, the space not large enough, and/or lack of ventilation system. The qualified rate of bacterial detection for post-sterilized endoscopes and biopsy forceps was 93.8% in the second-class hospitals and 95.0% in the top-class hospitals, and the main pathogenic bacteria was gram-positive cocci and gram-negative bacilli. The multivariate analysis showed that the influencial factors for endoscope cleaning and disinfection are as follows: staffs responsible for the cleaning and sterilization of otolaryngology endoscopes, the standard for cleaning and disinfection process, and the frequency of endoscope use.
 The present situation of cleaning and sterilization for otolaryngology endoscopes is better in the top-class hospitals than that in the second-class hospitals. The sterilization and management of otolaryngology endoscopy are needed to be improved, and the staff training is needed, especially in the primary hospitals.

  3. Heavy metal pollution and ecological risk assessment of the paddy soils near a zinc-lead mining area in Hunan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Sijin; Wang, Yeyao; Teng, Yanguo; Yu, Xuan

    2015-10-01

    Soil pollution by Cd, Hg, As, Pb, Cr, Cu, and Zn was characterized in the area of the mining and smelting of metal ores at Guiyang, northeast of Hunan Province. A total of 150 topsoil (0-20 cm) samples were collected in May 2012 with a nominal density of one sample per 4 km(2). High concentrations of heavy metals especially, Cd, Zn, and Pb were found in many of the samples taken from surrounding paddy soil, indicating a certain extent of spreading of heavy metal pollution. Sequential extraction technique and risk assessment code (RAC) were used to study the mobility of chemical forms of heavy metals in the soils and their ecological risk. The results reveal that Cd represents a high ecological risk due to its highest percentage of the exchangeable and carbonate fractions. The metals of Zn and Cu pose a medium risk, and the rest of the metals represent a low environmental risk. The range of the potential ecological risk of soil calculated by risk index (RI) was 123.5~2791.2 and revealed a considerable-high ecological risk in study area especially in the neighboring and surrounding the mining activities area. Additionally, cluster analyses suggested that metals such as Pb, As, Hg, Zn, and Cd could be from the same sources probably related to the acidic drainage and wind transport of dust. Cluster analysis also clearly distinguishes the samples with similar characteristics according to their spatial distribution. The results could be used during the ecological risk screening stage, in conjunction with total concentrations and metal fractionation values to better estimate ecological risk.

  4. 湖南省耕地及粮食生产变化分析%Analysis of Change of Cultivated Land and Grain Production in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢红霞; 谢永红; 王翠红; 杨君; 袁红

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] This paper aimed at exploring the countermeasures for cultivated land protection and food security assurance and providing references for the formulation of policies related to cultivated land and grain production of the whole province.[Methods] Data of population,cultivated land,grain and others in Hunan Province during 1989 to 2008 were collected by county(district).The changes of cultivated land and grain production of the whole province were analyzed using Geographical Information System(GIS).[Results] The population was increasing continuously,the total area of cultivated land was reducing as a whole in spite of increasing in one or two year in one or two county,the total grain production and per capita grain yield was fluctuated within a certain range in recent 20 years of the whole province.The reducing of cultivated land was mainly due to the industrialization and urbanization development.The unbalanced quantity and quality of cultivated land,various natural disasters,readjustment of industry structure and inner readjustment in the agriculture,variety improvement and improvement of cultivated technology mainly affected of the grain production.[Conclusions] The protection of the quantity and quality of cultivated land has to be strengthened to ensure food security.It is important to enhance the ability of resisting drought and flood disasters by improving the construction of agriculture establishment in order to insure the productivity of cultivated land,to increase farmer’s enthusiasm for growing grain with favourable food policy,to improve the per unit area yield of grain by variety improvement and to increase grain sown area by enlarging the double-cropping rice sown area.%[目的]探求保护耕地和保障粮食安全的对策,为湖南省耕地和粮食相关决策制定提供参考。[方法]以县(区)为单位收集了湖南省1989~2008年人口、耕地和粮食等数据,利用地理信息系统平台分析了全省耕

  5. 湖南省耕地及粮食生产变化分析%Analysis of Change of Cultivated Land and Grain Production in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢红霞; 谢永红; 王翠红; 杨君; 袁红

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探求保护耕地和保障粮食安全的对策,为湖南省耕地和粮食相关决策制定提供参考.[方法]以县(区)为单位收集了湖南省1989 ~2008年人口、耕地和粮食等数据,利用地理信息系统平台分析了全省耕地、粮食的变化情况.[结果]全省20年人口持续增加,耕地面积整体减少,粮食总量及人均粮食占有量在一定范围内波动.工业化、城市化等是导致耕地减少的主要原因,耕地在数量和质量上占补不平衡、自然灾害的影响、农业产业结构的调整、品种改良和种粮技术的提高是影响粮食生产的重要原因.[结论]要确保全省粮食安全,必须加强耕地质和量上的保护,通过改善农业基础设施建设提高抵御旱涝灾害能力以保障耕地生产力,通过惠粮等政策提高农民种粮积极性,通过改良品种提高粮食单产,通过提高双季稻种植面积增大粮食播种面积.%[Objective] This paper aimed at exploring the countermeasures for cultivated land protection and food security assurance and providing references for the formulation of policies related to cultivated land and grain production of the whole province. [ Method] Data of population, cultivated land, grain and others in Hunan Province during 1989 to 2008 were collected by county (district). The change of cultivated land and grain production of the whole province were analyzed using Geographical Information System (CIS). [ Result] The population was increasing continuously, the total area of cultivated land was reducing as a whole in spite of increasing in one or two year in one or two county, the total grain production and per capita grain yield was fluctuated within a certain range in recent 20 years of the whole province. The reducing of cultivated land was mainly due to the industrialization and urbanization development. The unbalanced quantity and quality of cultivated land, various natural disasters, readjustment of industry

  6. 长沙市旅行社成长规律研究——基于生存分析法的视角%Study of Development Rule of Travel Agencies in Changsha --Based on Survival Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎友兵; 陈喆芝; 颜南希

    2012-01-01

    Life table shows that the survival time distribution of travel agencies founded from 1993 to 2010 in Changsha displays obvious regularity: There is a very small failure risk within the first year; it is a key test period of selecting the superior and eliminating the inferior from the second year to the fifth year; agencies will make rapid progress from the sixth year to the tenth year; and the travel agencies whose survival time is longer than ten years compose the market leading team. Kaplan-Meier estimation and Cox regression analysis indicate that four factors (registered capital, establishing time, forms of enterprise organization and geographic location) have appreciable im- pact to the survival of travel agency. Proposals are given in the article to promote the healthy growth of travel agencies in Changsha, such as government providing policy support, association supplying information guiding, and travel agency enterprise adjusting business strategy.%寿命表分析显示.1993至2010年间长沙市成立的273家旅行社在生存时间分布上呈现出明显的规律性:成立1年内所面临的倒闭风险非常小,2-5年是优胜劣汰关键考验期,6-10年旅行社将获得长足发展,经营年限超过10年的旅行社成为了市场领军队伍。Kaplan—Meier估计、Cox回归分析显示,注册资本、成立时间、企业形式、地理位置4个因素对旅行社生存具有显著影响。因此,政府部门通过提供政策扶持,协会组织进行信息引导,旅行企业调整经营策略等措施可促进长沙市旅游企业健康成长。

  7. 长沙市2009年-2011年生活饮用水微生物检测指标分析%Analysis on microorganism parameters of drinking water in Changsha city from 2009 to 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张福生; 田斌

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解长沙市区生活饮用水微生物指标状况,为饮用水卫生管理提供依据.方法:回顾分析长沙市2009年-2011年生活饮用水水质监测样品微生物检测指标.结果:出厂水各检验项目合格率全部为100%,但井水的菌落总数、大肠菌群、耐热大肠菌群和大肠埃希氏菌群四个项目的合格率分别为51.0%,59,2%,50.6%和61.2%;管网末梢水菌落总数和大肠菌群合格率均为100%,二次供水和直饮净水两个指标的合格率分别为95.58%、99.80%和85.41%、99.46%.结论:长沙市市政管网供水及二次供水微生物指标合格率较井水和直饮净水高.%Objective:To understand the microorganism parameters of drinking water in Changsha city and provide basis for the management of drinking water. Methods: The microorganism parameters of drinking water monitoring samples from 2009 to 2011 in Changsha were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The pass rate on all test items of samples from water supply was 100% ,but the pass rates of total number of colonies, coliform bacteria, heat - resistant coliform and Escherichia coli of the well water were 51. 0% ,59,2% ,50. 6% ,61. 2% : the pass rates of total number of colonies and coliform bacteria of tap water were both 100% ,the two parameters of secondary supply water and direct drinking water were 95.58% ,99. 80% and 85.41% , 99.46%. Conclusion: The pass rates of microorganism parameters in municipal and secondary supply water were better than well water and direct drinking water.

  8. 长沙地区汉族人血小板抗原(HPA1-17)基因多态性调查%Polymorphism of human platelet antigens 1-17 in Changsha Han population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张刚; 曹丽群; 谢毓滨; 钟待鸣

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphism of HPA1-17 antigens in Changsha Han population. Methods A total of 618 samples from unrelated platelet donors of Changsha were genotyped by Polymcrasc Chain Reaction with Sequence-Specific Primers(PCR-SSP). Results The allele frequencies of HPA-la, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5a, 6a, 15a were 0. 993,0. 968,0. 587,0. 994,0. 989,0. 989,0. 536, HPA-7a-17a( exclude 15a) were 1. 000, HPA-bw alleles were not detected. Conclusion The genotype of HPA can improve the safety and curative effect of the platelet transfusion. Gcnotyping can be used in HPA crossmatch and the diagnosis of alloimmune platelet disease.%目的 研究长沙地区汉族人群人类血小板特异性抗原HPA1-17基因多态性.方法采用PCR-SSP方法对长沙市血液中心 618名汉族无偿献血者进行HPA1-17系统基因分型.结果长沙地区 618名汉族无偿献血者HPA1a基因频率为99.3%,HPA2a基因频率为96.8%,HPA3a基因频率为58.7%,HPA4a基因频率为99.4%,HPA5a基因频率为98.9%,HPA6a基因频率为98.9%,HPA15a基因频率为53.6%.结论 长沙地区汉族人群HPA1-17的基因检测填补了地方空白,为建立血小板库奠定了基础,也为临床提供同型血小板输注提供可能.

  9. 长沙大学生道德人格理想的网络调查研究%The Internet Investigation on Moral Personality Ideality Among Changsha University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王泌; 黄任之; 唐娇艳; 易翠

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the normal personality ideality of current adolescents and it's characteristics. Methods The web survey was administrated to 360 Changsha university students. Results It was also found that there existed 289 ideal moral characters, of which were 197 male, 89 femal and 7 virtual characters without explicit sex, so the subjects mainly emphasized the male normal personality ideality. The statistics showed that the personality of the moral ideality could be summarized as eight categories, namely "good faith" , "loyalty and selfless," " tenacious endeavor" , " love and help," " tenacious progressive," " noble and promising," "integrity, benevolence," "tolerance, humility," "intelligent erudite" and "other". There was significant gender effect of the normal personality ideality. With regard to the moral women characters, the students valued them most these three personality characteristics of "love and help" , "good faith" and "tolerance humility" , however, most subjects did not pay their "smart erudite" and "integrity rende" these two types of personality characteristics. As for the men moral characters, the students valued them the most "stubborn endeavor", "loyalty and selfless" and "noble and promising" these three personality characteristics, while the majority did not pay their "smart erudite" and " other" these two types of personality characteristics. Conclusion The normal personality ideality of Changsha university students developed fairly well.%目的 了解长沙大学生的道德人格理想的特征.方法 通过网络的半开放式问卷,调查了360名大学生的道德人格理.结果 青年理想的道德人物的人格特征可以归为“善良真诚”、“忠诚无私”、“顽强奋进”、“友爱乐助”、“顽强奋进”、“高尚有为”、“正直仁德”、“宽容谦逊”、“聪明博学”和“其他”八大类,并且具有明显的性别差异;在289个理想道德人物

  10. 长沙市居民食用甘薯情况与健康状况的调查%Survey on Eating Ipomoea batatas and Health of Residents in Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张音; 夏延斌; 张娟; 熊学斌; 邓传波; 李利晓; 钟燕青; 孟潇; 常怡

    2011-01-01

    目的:全面深入地研究长沙市居民食用甘薯与生活观念、健康状况之间的关系。方法:随机抽取长沙市不同地区年龄在20岁以上的居民发放调查问卷进行调查。结果:在405例调查者中,18.27%的人经常食用甘薯,61.98%的人偶尔食用甘薯,19.76%的人从不吃甘薯;甘薯被视为营养全面而均衡的保健食品,受到青年一代的青睐,他们不食用甘薯的比例在逐步降低;老年人群食用甘薯的频率较高,常食甘薯对于心血管疾病、糖尿病和骨质疏松症可能有一定的预防作用;经常食用甘薯的老年人食用粗粮、水果,参加锻炼和娱乐的比例较高,食用保健品的比例较低,健康营养意识比较强。%【Objective】In order to research the relationship among eating Ipomoea batatas,life notion and health of residents in Changsha.【Method】Residents of all more than 20 years old in different areas in Changsha were randomly chosen to answer the questionnaires.【Result】In 405 participants,18.27% of them often ate Ipomoea batatas,61.98% occasionally consumed them,and 19.76% never ate them.Ipomoea batatas which were seen as comprehensive and balanced nutrition health food were favoured by the younger generation.The proportion of the younger generation who did not eat Ipomoea batatas reduced gradually.Older people had a higher frequency of eating Ipomoea batatas,which might have a protective effect on cardiovascular disease,diabetes,and osteoporosis.Old people who often ate Ipomoea batatas also had a higher percentage of eating whole grains and fruits,doing exercise and entertainment,and they had a low proportion of eating health products.Health and nutrition consciousness of these people was stronger.

  11. Iron and manganese emission standard for industrial wastewater discharge in Hunan province%湖南省工业废水中铁锰排放标准研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张青梅; 马超; 向仁军; 刘湛; 陈灿

    2014-01-01

    The production process, waste water treatment technology, current situation of pollutant discharge of enterprises involving iron or manganese are investigated. The water of current polluted rivers in typical iron or manganese contaminated area of Hunan province is sampled and analysized. With reference to the international iron and manganese limits in the discharged waste water, this standard prescribes the limit of iron in wastewater discharged from existing enterprises is 10 mg/L; the limit of iron in wastewater discharged from new enterprises is 5 mg/L; the limit of manganese in wastewater discharged from enterprises is 1 mg/L.%通过对湖南省典型铁锰污染区域的钢铁、有色金属、电解锰及化工企业生产工艺、废水处理技术与污染物排放现状及受污染河流环境质量现状进行调查的基础上,参照国外废水中铁锰污染物排放限值,规定湖南省工业废水中现有企业总铁的排放标准限值为10 mg/L,新建企业废水中总铁排放标准限值为5 mg/L;湖南省工业废水中总锰的排放标准限值为1 mg/L.

  12. Analysis on Market Operation of Hunan Radio and TV from Perspective of Ecological Environment%从生态环境视角探析湖南广电的市场运作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶新艳; 肖凭

    2011-01-01

    From perspective of ecological environment, it can be found that the market operation of Hunan Radio and TV should do the followings : in factors of eco - system, it should be recovered into its normal structure by separating production from broadcasting; in the factors of economic ecology, it should reduce its reliance on advertising and enrich its profit model; in the factors of cultural ecology, it should increase the pace of cultural output and maintain the dynamic balance of ecosystems of radio and TV; in the factors of technology ecology, it needs cross - media development and realizes integration and co -evolution with new media.%将湖南广电的市场运作置于生态学的生态环境视角之下进行考察和分析可以发现:在制度生态因子方面,需要通过制播分离改革恢复广电生态系统中各归其位、各司其职的正常结构;在经济生态因子方面,需要减轻“食物链”中对广告的依赖,在产业链中丰富盈利模式;在文化生态因子方面,需要加大文化输出步伐,维护广电生态系统的动态平衡;在技术生态因子方面,需要跨媒介发展,实现与新媒介的互动融合、协同进化。

  13. 湘鄂渝黔欠发达地区农村信息需求研究%Rural Information Demand in Underdeveloped Regions of Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Cuizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐险峰

    2012-01-01

    Based on the survey data, the paper explains the information demand state and information access channels of the different types of farmers in the underdeveloped border regions of Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Guizhou. And different types of attitude and efficiency of the farmer receptors are detailed analyzed based on the survey data. The result shows that the most required by the farmers is the new technology and its use, the agricultural market information and the product sales information, and the best information access channel is the radio and TV for the farmers, but the role of the government, leadership, village pioneers, relatives and friends is decreased signifieantly.%根据调查资料,阐述湘鄂渝黔欠发达地区不同类型农户信息受体的信息需求现状以及信息获取的渠道,并根据调查结果对不同类型农户受体对待信息的态度和利用信息的效率进行详细分析。结果表明:新技术及其使用、农产品市场信息和产品销路信息是农民最需要的,广播电视则是农民获取信息最重要的渠道,而政府、领导、村能人和亲戚朋友的作用明显下降。

  14. On Attitude Survey to Miao Language in Western Hunan Province%湘西地区苗族语言态度探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    瞿继勇

    2012-01-01

    As a complex social and psychological phenomenon, language attitude profoundly affects people's language behavior and language identity. This paper, based on the survey of Miao people' s attitude towards Miao language in Western Hunan Province, analyzes the cognitive evaluation, the emotional attitude, and the language learning and protection of Miao people towards their native language. It also explains the different social variables that influence the attitude of Miao language, and accordingly proposes some suggestions of how to protect minority language and culture in western region of Hunan Province.%语言态度作为一种复杂的社会心理现象,深刻影响着人们的语言行为与语言认同。本文通过对湘西地区苗族语言态度的调查,分析了苗族对于母语的认知评价,情感态度及学习、保护母语的行为倾向,解释了不同社会变项对苗族语言态度的影响,并据此对在湘西地区开展民族语言文化保护工作提出了建议。

  15. Comparison Test of Introduced Oil Sunflower varieties (or Lines) in Hunan%湖南油葵品种(系)引种比较试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何录秋; 杨文淼; 罗琼

    2016-01-01

    对搜集和引进的9个油葵新品种(系)进行了品种比较试验,通过对其适应性、丰产性、抗性和农艺性状等观测比较。结果表明:美葵DL667、矮大头1023、黑矮人油葵和S606适应性强,丰产性好,适合湖南推广种植;矮大头567DW和矮大头HQ1167产量表现不佳,需继续观察示范;韩国CS、新葵5号和美葵562产量偏低,不是很适合湖南省的气候条件。%Using 9 collected or introduced oil sunlfower varieties (or lines) as test materiales, their adaptability, high yield, resistance and agronomic traits were compared. The results showed that Meikui DL667, Aidatou 1023, Heairen oil sunlfower and S606 possessed characteristics of strong adaptability and good quality, which should be suitable for planting in Hunan; Aidatou 567DW and Aidutou HQ1167 possessed mid yield; South Korea CS, Xinkui 5 and Meikui 562 possessed low yield, maybe they aren’t suitable for climate conditions of Hunan Province.

  16. Development of Dance Research Courses with Hunan Characteristics%“湖湘”特色舞蹈研究型课程开发的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚倩

    2012-01-01

    Presently, professional dance education in Hunan universities is confronted with some problems such as the similarity of patterns in dance curriculum and content of materials.To solve these problems, a new dance education pattern with local characteristics should be introduced. It is necessary to uncover regional and historical classical dance culture and put the research into the creative work and dance teaching. It is also necessary to have further study of folk dance culture in Hunan and develop it as advantageous education resource%目前湖南省高校舞蹈专业教育呈现出诸多问题,如课程设置、教材内容以及人才培养模式多呈现出相似的格局与模式,因此,我省高校舞蹈专业有必要引入"湖湘"特色舞蹈。挖掘具有历史和地域特色的古典舞蹈文化,将研究成果运用到舞蹈作品的创作和课程教学中;深入挖掘研究我省的民族民间舞蹈文化,将其拓展为可利用的舞蹈教育资源是开发我省地方特色舞蹈研究型课程的主要途径。

  17. Correlation analysis of EV71 detection and case severity in hand, foot, and mouth disease in the Hunan Province of China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Dong Gao

    Full Text Available An increase in the incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD cases has been observed in the Hunan province of mainland China since 2009 with a particularly higher level of severe cases in 2010-2012. Intestinal viruses of the picornaviridae family are responsible for the human syndrome associated with HFMD with enterovirus 71 (EV71 and Coxsackievirus A16 (Cox A16 being the most common causative strains. HFMD cases associated with EV71 are generally more severe with an increased association of morbidity and mortality. In this study, the etiology surveillance data of HFMD cases in Hunan province from March 2010 to October 2012 were analyzed to determine if there is a statistically relevant linear correlation exists between the detection rate of EV71 in mild cases and the proportion of severe cases among all HFMD patients. As the cases progressed from mild to severe to fatal, the likelihood of EV71 detection increased (25.78%, 52.20% and 84.18%, respectively. For all cases in the timeframe evaluated in this study, the presence of virus was detected in 63.21% of cases; among cases showing positivity for virus, EV71 infection accounted for 50.14%. These results provide evidence to support the observed higher morbidity and mortality associated with this outbreak and emphasizes the importance of early detection in order to implement necessary prevention measures to mitigate disease progression.

  18. Analysis of Traditional Residential form of Hunan Chenzhou Area%湖南郴州地区传统民居形式浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟士枢

    2015-01-01

    湘南郴州地区处于江西填湖广的移民交通冲要之处,其民居形式较周边地区均有不同。文章通过将本区传统民居的实地调研资料及周边地区民居资料进行比对并分析,结合郴州地区人口组成、方言及历史地理信息等总结其民居形式,梳理周边地区民居形式对本区的影响。%aBsTRacT Chenzhou, a city of Hunan province, is the key city in studying immigration rushes from Jiangxi to Hubei and Hunan provinces. Its residential forms are distinctively different to its surrounding areas. This paper analyzes the impacts of the surrounding residential forms on the local area, by comparing the data of population census, dialect, history and geography information between the local area and the surrounding ones.

  19. 中部崛起的力量在于扩大开放%The Driver for the Rise of Central China Lies in Enlarging Opening up——Special Interview of He Tongxin, Vice Governor of the People's Government of Hunan Province, by Special Edition of China's Foreign Trade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺同新

    2006-01-01

    @@ Hunan Province refined four advantages in practice, got to know that the driver for the rise of Central China lies in enlarging opening up, and summarized the following points: to open to both domestic and overseas investors, attract both domestic and foreign capital, seek cooperation with both domestic and foreign partners,open up both domestic and international market, face reality, promote and absorb outside investment and encourage private capital is an important motive force, strategic measure and realistic choice for Hunan in quickening the development. This article clearly points out the five important fields that Hunan seeks for domestic and foreign cooperation in.

  20. Golf Tourism Industrfs SWOT Analysis and Countermeasure Research of Hunan Province%湖南省高尔夫旅游产业SWOT分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周华庭; 王湘平

    2012-01-01

    湖南是中国的旅游大省,具有开发高尔夫旅游的优势条件,但其发展速度较缓慢,发展瓶颈难以突破。本文依据管理学SWOT原理,结合湖南省高尔夫旅游产业发展的现状,对湖南省高尔夫旅游产业的优势、弱势、机遇和威胁进行了详细分析,并按照管理理论提出了相应的对策,为今后湖南高尔夫旅游产业的进一步发展提供参考。%Hunan province is China's tourism, has the advantages of development of golf tourism, but its pace slow, difficult to break through the bottleneck of development. This article based on SWOT theory of management, combined with the current development of golf tourism industry in Hunan province, the golf tourism industry in Hunan province's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats carried out a detailed analysis, and put appropriate countermeasures according to administrative theory, for future reference for the further development of golf tourism industry in Hunan province.

  1. A Rough Estimation of CO2 Emission and Analysis of Decoupling Effects in Tourism Sector of Hunan%湖南省旅游业碳排放的初步估算及脱钩效应分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵先超; 朱翔

    2013-01-01

    CO2 emission in tourism sector has become an important driving force to environmental effects. Taking Hunan province as an example, we use bottom-up approach, literature research and mathematical statistics technology to estimate roughly CO2 emission in tourism sectors which include tourism transportation, accommodations and tourism activities. We also use decoupling model to analysis the decoupling relationship between CO2 emission in tourism sector and the tourism economy. The results showed that CO2 emissions in tourism sector accounts for 1.11% of Hunan total, far below the global proportion of 5.3%. The total CO2 emission in tourism sector is 21.08Mt from 2000 to 2009, the CO2 emission in transportation was 15.46Mt, the CO2 emission in accommodations was 5.1Mt, and the CO2 emission in tourism activities was 0.5155Mt. All the decoupling relationship between CO2 in tourism sector and tourism economy was weak decoupling from 2000 to 2009, the growth rate of tourism economy is quicker than the growth rate of CO2 emission in tourism sector. Tourism is the industry of low-carbon and the competitive industry coping with global climate change. We should improve tourism’motivation role to low-carbon economy development.%  旅游业碳排放已经成为当前影响环境的重要因素之一.以中部典型省份湖南省为例,采用“自下而上”法、文献研究以及相关统计分析方法,从旅游交通、住宿和旅游活动三个重点领域初步估算了湖南省旅游业碳排放量,并运用脱钩模型对湖南省旅游业碳排放与旅游经济增长间的脱钩关系进行了分析.研究表明:2000-2009年,湖南省旅游业碳排放占湖南省碳排放的比重为1.11%,虽略大于全国旅游业碳排放占全国碳排放0.86%的比重,但远低于全球旅游业碳排放占全球碳排放量5.30%的比例;湖南省旅游业碳排放量中,旅游交通碳排放占73.34%;旅游住宿碳排放占24.19%;旅游

  2. Design of Half-through Anomalistic Arch Bridge on Changsha-Kunming Passenger-dedicated Line%长昆客运专线铁路中承式异型拱桥设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施威; 孙大斌

    2015-01-01

    为解决长昆客运专线斜跨潭韶高速公路的问题,通过桥式方案比选,结构构造优化,结构静力、动力计算分析,设计研究出拱肋沿桥轴线非对称错位布置、吊杆扇形布设、无风撑拱肋的中承式斜置拱桥。该桥已投入实际运营,应用良好。%To resolve the problem in design to allow Changsha-Kunming passenger dedicated railway to cross over Xiangtan-Shaoshan highway, this paper, on the basis of bridge scheme comparison, construction structure optimization, calculation and analysis of structural statistics and dynamics, comes to the conclusion that the half-through anomalistic arch bridge is recommended and arranged unsymmetrically and misplaced with its arch ribs along the bridge axial line, with its suspenders placed in fan-shape and its arch ribs without wind bracing. This bridge has been put into use with good results.

  3. Rational recent construction scale of urban rapid rail transit network in Changsha%长沙市轨道交通近期建设合理规模研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璇

    2012-01-01

    本文应用交通需求推算法和基础设施投资资金控制法对长沙市近期轨道交通建设规模进行匡算,并采用轨道工程实施进度控制,确定了长沙市轨道交通近期合理建设规模;同时根据长沙市过江通道规划及跨江客流预测,对跨江轨道交通通道合理规模进行了研究.%The theory of urban traffic demand and urban infrastructural investment control were applied to obtain the rational recent construction scale, coordinating with the progress of urban rapid rail transit project implemen tation. According to the cross - river passage planning of Changsha and cross - river flow prediction, the reasona ble scale of cross - river urban rapid rail transit passage was also studied in the paper.

  4. 长沙地区四所中学教师主观幸福感调查分析%A Survey on Changsha Secondary School Teacher's Subjective Sense of Well-being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛晋平; 文芳

    2012-01-01

    通过对长沙地区四所中学227名教师进行幸福感问卷调查,结果显示:当前中学教师的主观幸福感处于一般水平。其中,生活满意度的性别、教龄差异不显著。但正性情绪有性别差异与教龄差异;正、负性情绪之间的差异也随教龄变化。教龄越长,负性情绪越多于正性情绪。%Through a questionnaire of 227 teachers from four middle schools in Changsha on their subjective sense of well-being, the results show that current middle school teachers level of their subjective well being is average. Among them, different genders and lengths of service on life satisfaction are not significant, but the positive emotional experience is quite related to their genders and teaching ages. And the differences of positive and negative emotions connect with changes of teaching ages. The longer the teaching age is, the stronger a negative emotion is than a positive emotion.

  5. On the Operation Strategy of Advertising Industry in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Pilot Zone%长株潭试验区广告产业的运作方略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁红

    2015-01-01

    长株潭试验区广告产业已具有一定规模,但与发达的传媒产业相比,显得规模偏小,后劲不足。把握发展机遇、彰显地区特色及湖湘文化、注重广告人才培养、产业结构优化升级、户外广告规范化,这些都是长株潭试验区广告产业的运作策略。%With the advertising practitioners' unremitting struggle, advertising industry in Chang-Zhu-Tan pilot zone has grown with a certain scale, but compared with the developed media industry, it is small in scale, and lacking in sustainable strength. It is necessary to apply the following operation strategies in the advertising industry in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan pilot zone: to grasp the opportunities, highlight the regional culture characteristics, pay attention to advertising talents cultivation, and optimize and upgrade industrial structure, the outdoor advertising standardization.

  6. Research of Influencial Factors of Urban Color:Taking Changsha as Example%城市色彩相关影响要素分析研究--以长沙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳森; 李桂媛

    2014-01-01

    城市色彩是城市规划设计中必不可少的一部分,但是其起步比较晚。国外已经有一段时间的发展,而国内还属于起步期。城市色彩包括土地、植被等自然环境色彩,生活的常用色彩等人文色彩,建筑物、广告、交通工具等人工色。本文主要研究关于城市色彩设计方面的一些影响因素,并以长沙设计规划实际例子来分析研究这些因素。%Urban color is an essential part in urban planning and design, and there has been a period of development abroad. While, the study of urban color is still at the beginning stage in China. Urban color mainly includs natural environmental color and artificial color. Environmental color is mainly about the color of land and vegetation. While, artificial color means the colors of buildings, advertisements, transportation and other artificial objects. The study of this paper is mainly about influncial factors in urban color design. And changsha is taken as a practical example to analyze these factors.

  7. 商业网点规划与现状比较研究——以长沙为例%A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PLANNING OF URBAN COMMERCIAL NETNORK AND CURRENT SITUATION: A CASE STUDY OF CHANGSHA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶强; 谭怡恬; 鞠拓文; 罗立武; 谭立力

    2012-01-01

    Urban commercial network layout planning is the statutory basis to guide the construction and development of urban commercial network, while the retail spatial layout is a location choice made by retailers based on their analysis of the market and the planning. With the commercial geography as the primary theoretical basis, the paper carries out a case study on Changsha from the perspective of spatial layout and commercial type structure, and compares the differences and influence mechanism between the urban commercial network layout planning and the current location choices of commercial types by applying GIS, before putting forward countermeasure and suggestion to improve urban commercial network layout planning.%商业网点规划是指导城市商业网点建设和发展的法律依据,商业业态空间布局则是零售企业根据对市场和规划的分析和判断作出的区住选择.以商业地理学为主要依据,以长沙为例从空间布局和业态结构的角度,应用GIS方法比较分析了商业网点规划与商业业态空间区位及结构现状之间的差别和影响机制,提出了完善商业网点规划的对策和建议.

  8. 长沙城郊休闲农业旅游老年旅游行为研究%Research on Travel Behaviors the Elders in Suburban Leisure Agriculture Tourism in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈胜科; 吴甫成

    2011-01-01

    本文将休闲农业旅游和老年旅游行为相结合,采用问卷调查与座谈访问法,对长沙城郊休闲农业旅游中老年消费行为进行研究,提出农村生活怀旧游、疗养健体游、家庭和谐游、农耕特色文化游、乡村特产购物游等对策措施,以进一步扩大休闲农业旅游老年旅游市场。%This article links the leisure agriculture traveling and the old age traveling behaviors by questionnaire and interview, studies the travel behaviors of the elder in suburban leisure agriculture tourism in Changsha, and puts forward rural life nostalgia tour, recuperate tour, family harmony tour, farming cultural tourism, rural specialties shopping tour to further expand the leisure agriculture tourism market for the elders.

  9. On Creative Design of Witchcraft Culture and Remodeling the Mysterious Tourism of West Hunan%巫傩文化创意设计与重塑神秘湘西旅游探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柏山

    2012-01-01

    Culture breeds brand,which in turn breeds value of products.Landscape touring in west Hunan has been initiated,but the potential of cultural brand is to be tapped.Remodeling the mysterious tourism in West Hunan has been on the agenda,which will surely contribute to the economic growth.West Hunan boasts mysterious culture in Taoism,Buddhist culture as well as in the Confucian culture,of which the witchcraft of Huaihua is the most typical of its kind.By taking the advantage of preferential policies of revitalizing Hunan culturally,we attach great importance to the creative design of products,focusing on remodeling mysterious culture of west Hunan,esp.Huaihua witchcraft culture.Joint efforts should also be made to promote marketing and to foster uniqueness in developing tourism resources.%文化形成品牌,品牌形成价值,湘西的山水旅游已经打响,但文化品牌旅游还显得无力。重塑神秘湘西旅游资源品牌已经成了当前经济的新增长点,湘西神秘文化不在道教文化,不在佛教文化,也不在儒教文化,而在五溪大地的巫傩文化。抓住"文化强省"政策机遇,利用文化创意设计产品,重点重塑湘西神秘文化——五溪巫傩文化,充分借助五溪巫傩文化,合力营销升级,打造"怀化独有、湖湘特色、中国风格、国际气派"的神秘湘西旅游资源品牌。

  10. Cognition Status of Community Medical Staff and Residents to Pooling Funds of Outpatient Service in Medical Insurance in Changsha City%长沙市社区医务人员及居民对医保门诊统筹的认知情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯辉; 罗艳; 何国平; 罗昶; 付兆亮; 尹春春; 易琼

    2013-01-01

    Objective To learn the cognitions of community medical staff and residents to pooling funds of outpatient service in medical insurance in the pilot community health service ( CHS ) centers of Changsha city so as to provide the basis for implementation of the pooling funds of outpatient service. Methods The cluster random sampling was taken in Changsha city during 2011 to recruit 199 members of medical staff from 10 CHS organizations and 295 residents from 3 communities where the pooling funds had been implemented, and 152 from 9 CHS organizations and 296 residents from 3 communities where the pooling funds was not implemented. The questionnaire survey and depth interviews were conducted among the subjects to learn their cognitions of the pooling funds. Results There was a statistically significant difference in understanding on the fooling funds of outpatients service between the medical staff from CHS organizations where the pooling funds had been implemented and those from CHS organizations where the pooling funds was not implemented ( P <0. 05 ) . After the implementation of the pooling funds, 87. 7% of the medical staff pointed out that the residents' satisfaction improved, 86. 0% believed the number of visits increased, 71.5% thought that the medical care level was generally improved and the doctor - patient relationship became more harmonious, and 58. 1% held that the economic efficiency was raised in CHS organizations. And there was a statistically significant difference in understanding on the fooling funds of outpatients service between the residents from communities where the pooling funds had been implemented and those from communities where the pooling funds was not implemented ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion Both the community medical staff and residents believe that the implementation of the pooling funds of outpatient service is conducive to improve the level of primary health care services, and reduce health care costs. And it is closely related to the

  11. The Way of Minority Traditional Sports Inheritance in Border Areas of Hunan, Guangxi and Guouzhou from the Modern Multicultural Perspective%多元文化视域下湘桂黔边区少数民族传统体育现代传承的路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱新娃; 高会军

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料法、逻辑分析等研究方法,通过调查进行整理、剖析多元文化视角下湘桂黔边区少数民族传统的存在形式,探讨多元化视角下湘桂黔边区少数民族传统体育现代传承的路径。研究认为:多元文化视域下湘桂黔边区少数民族传统体育现代传承的途径有邮票图说民族传统体育的发展、数字化影像技术、民族传统体育训练与比赛、现代大众传媒技术、民族传统体育社区健身服务、民族传统体育传承指导员培训、肢体符号文化的继承、民族体育校本化普及,为促进湘桂黔少数民族传统体育的可持续发展提供直接的依据和借鉴。%By using the method of literature, logical analysis and other research methods, through the investigation of collation, the paper analyzed the way of minority traditional sports inheritance in border areas of Hunan, Guangxi and Guizhou from the multicultural perspective. Studies suggest that: stamps illustration of national traditional sports development, digital imaging technology, national traditional sports training and competition, modern mass media technology, national traditional sports community health service, National Traditional Sports inheritance instructor training, body symbol culture inheritance, and national sports school-based popularity, all these measures prove to be effective ways for the minority traditional sports inheritance and will provide reference for the minority traditional sports inheritance in border areas of Hunan, Guangxi and Guizhou.

  12. Emergy Analysis for Agricultural Eco-economic System in Hunan Province%湖南农业生态经济系统能值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴磊; 向平安

    2011-01-01

    以湖南农业生态经济系统为研究对象,应用能值理论和方法,对2008年湖南农业生态经济系统运行状况进行了研究,并对反映系统结构功能的能值指标以及系统的可持续发展状况进行了深入分析,结果表明:湖南农业生态经济系统环境贡献率、能值自给率比较低;经济能值投入率、净能值产出率、环境负载率、能值投资率比较高;可持续发展性能比较合理.湖南农业要实现可持续发展应优化能值投入,合理利用辅助能,加快结构调整,提高净能值产出率,降低环境负载率,加强生态环境建设.%The operating status of agricultural eco-economic system in Hunan Province in 2008 was studied by using emergy theory and method, and the emergy index which can reflect system structure and functions and the sustainable developmental status of the system were analyzed deeply. The results showed that the agricultural eco-economic system in Hunan Province has low environmental contribution ratio and emergy self-sufficiency ratio and high economic emergy investment ratio, net emergy yield ratio, environment load ratio and emergy investment ratio, so its sustainable development performances were reasonable. To achieve the goal of sustainable development, the agriculture in Hunan Province should optimize emergy investment, reasonable utilization of auxiliary energy, expediting adjustment of structure, increase of net emergy yield ratio, decrease of environment load ratio, and strengthening construction of eco-environment.

  13. Research on Problems and Countermeasure of Leisure Agriculture Development in Hunan Province%湖南省休闲农业发展的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴安娜

    2016-01-01

    Characteristics of leisure agriculture were summarized from four aspects of localism , seasonality, versatility and comprehensive profitability.The function of leisure agriculture was mainly educational function, recreational function, social function and economic function. The achievements and advantages of leisure agriculture in Hunan Province were analyzed.It was pointed out that leisure agriculture in Hunan Province preliminarily realized the leisure agriculture diversification, strong development momentum, and gradually improved management. The major advantages were abundant rural landscape resources, improved customer market and the developed road and traffic.The major prob-lems in leisure agriculture of Hunan Province were summarized, such as not scientific planning, talent scarcity, irregular management and service, not perfect industry chain, and lack of marketing consciousness and means.Based on these, countermeasures for leisure agricultural development were put forward, including emphasizing scientific planning, adjusting measures to local conditions, strengthening internal man-agement, enhancing service level, improving comprehensive benefits, promoting industry upgrade, and strengthening the marketing efforts.%从乡土性、季节性、多功能性、综合效益性4个方面总结了休闲农业的特性,认为休闲农业功能主要是教育功能、游憩功能、社会功能、经济功能。分析了湖南省休闲农业的成就和优势,认为湖南省休闲农业初步实现了休闲农业多样化、发展势头强劲、管理逐步完善,其主要优势在于丰富的乡村景观资源、客源市场以及道路与交通的改善。总结了湖南省休闲农业存在的主要问题,即规划不科学、专业人才匮乏、管理与服务不规范、产业链条不完善、营销意识与手段欠缺,在此基础上提出休闲农业发展的对策,强调科学规划、因地制宜,加强内部管

  14. 数据库

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Champion's School Sells Its Title A Chinese company has bought the title sponsorship right from a school which produced Olympic and world gymnasticschampion Li Xiaopeng. Zhejiang Haina Company in booming east China's Zhejiang province has renamed the Changsha Gymnastics School inHunan province as "Changsha Haina Gymnastics School" after nailing the five-year contract with 120,000 US dollars. Lanzhou Urges Order in Sports Market Northwest Chinese city Lanzhou urged all gyms and other get-fit places in...

  15. 湖南烟农专业合作社建设存在问题及解决对策%Problems and Countermeasures of Hunan Tobacco Cooperatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖春生; 李伟

    2012-01-01

    介绍了烟农专业合作社的功能,总结了近年来湖南省烟农专业合作社的建设情况,阐述了烟农专业合作社建设中存在的问题,针对这些问题,提出了发挥能人引领作用、多方筹资、健全制度等解决措施.%The function, construction situation and some problems in construction of tobacco cooperatives in Hunan Province in recent years were summarized in this paper. To solve these problems, the measures of developing the leading role of able person, multi - party financing and establishing perfect management system were proposed.

  16. Two new species of Vestrogothia (Phosphatocopina, Crustacea) of Orsten-type preservation from the Upper Cambrian in western Hunan, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Although fossils of Orsten-type preservation represented by Skaracarida and Phosphatocopina were first reported from the Middle and Upper Cambrian in western Hunan, South China in 2005, diversified phosphatocopine species have never been appropriately described and elucidated in terms of their evolutionary relationships. Here, we described two new species of Phosphatocopina, Vestrogothia anterispinata sp. nov. and V. bispinata sp. nov. The evolutionary relationship among all the valid species of Phosphatocopina is discussed and the phylogeny of Phosphatocopina is reestablished using cladistic analysis. Accordingly, phosphatocopines primitively evolved along two lineages: one evolved towards the emergence of lobes; the other evolved towards the emergence of dorsal spines. Respectively, lobes originated independently three times, and dorsal spines originated only once. With regard to the dorsal rims, interdorsum originated first, whereas dorsal furrow originated independently twice on the basis of interdorsum. Probably Hesslandona may represent a polyphyletic group, whereas Vestrogothia a monophyletic group.

  17. 长沙酒店室内植物景观中的植物材料调查%Investigation of Plant Materials of Interior Plants Landscape in the Hotels in Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢荣; 陈乐諝; 王欣; 胡春梅

    2015-01-01

    The application of plant materials in more than 20 different Stars Hotels in Changsha City was investigated in this paper. Species and frequency of hotel plants were summarized as follows: there were altogether about 90 species used in the 20 hotels indoor; 59 . 58% of the total amount of interior plants were Araceae ( 14 . 73%) , Agavaceae ( 9 . 11%) , palm ( 8 . 98%) , Liliaceae ( 6 . 74 42 gene-ra%), large Jian Branch (4. 49%) and Sankoh (4. 49%) et. Plant species varied greatly in the hotels. Most four-star and five-star hotels used more than 20 plant species. Three-star hotels had 10 species or so. According to the analysis of the application characteristics of indoor plant materials in hotels in Chan-gsha City, it was exposed that most interior plants were foliage plants. Sizes as well as cultural indications of the plants were given special attention. This paper also put forward some suggestions, such as increas-ing species of flowers and fruits, improving the management of planting. 12figs. ,10refs.%在对长沙20多家不同星级酒店应用植物材料进行调查中,对植物的种类和频度进行了归纳和总结:20个酒店室内所用的植物有90种左右,其中占总用量48.54%的室内植物依次集中在天南星科(14.73%)、龙舌兰科(9.11%)、棕榈科(8.98%)、百合科(6.74%)、大戬科(4.49%)和桑科(4.49%)等6个科的42个属中.调查中发现长沙各个星级酒店应用的植物种类差异较大,应用20种以上的酒店都是四星级、五星级的酒店,三星级酒店植物应用种类在10种左右.对长沙酒店室内植物材料的应用特色进行了分析和探讨,得出长沙酒店室内植物以观叶植物为主、注重室内植物体量问题、注重室内植物的文化特征等结论,提出了长沙酒店室内植物应用需增加室内植物品种,增加观花、观果植物种类并应增强植物的养护管理等建议.图12,参10.

  18. 湘江长沙段浮游植物区系组成及水质评价初步研究%Phytoplankton Flora Composition and Water Quality Evaluation of Xiangjiang River in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张校; 肖玲; 刘应迪; 杜婷婷; 从义艳

    2012-01-01

    运用指示生物方法,通过调查湘江长沙段浮游植物区系组成,并结合总氮(TN)、总磷(TP)等理化指标分析,对湘江长沙段水质评价进行了初步研究.主要结果如下:湘江长沙段3个样点的水体中共鉴定出浮游植物6门43属61种.浮游植物在区系组成上以硅藻(Bacillariophyta)、绿藻(Chlorophyta)和裸藻(Euglenophyta)3个门为主,优势种类主要有硅藻门的直链藻(Melosira)、菱形藻(Nitzschia)和小环藻(Cyclotella),绿藻门的衣藻(Chamydomonas),裸藻门的绿色裸藻(Euglena)等.所有采样点的总氮、总磷质量浓度均超过富营养化指标.指示生物评价方面,藻商评价结果显示湘江整体上属富营养型;污染程度分带评价显示湘江长沙段整体达到α-中污和β-中污水平.此外在湘江各样点鉴定出多种耐有机污染和耐重金属污染藻类,显示江水受到有机物,很可能也受到重金属镉、锌和铜等的污染.研究结果表明运用指示生物方法来评价湘江水质具有一定的实际应用价值.%The phytoplankton flora composition of Xiangjiang River in Changsha was studied by using biological indicator method, and with the total nitrogen (TN) , total phosphorus (TP) and other physicochemical indexes. There were 43 genera and 61 species of phytoplankton belonging to 6 phyla in Xiangjiang River of Changsha; the dominant phyla are Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta and Euglenophyta, and the dominant species are Melosira and Nitzschi and Cyclotella of Bacillariophyta, Chamydomonas and Pediastrun Meyen of Chlorophyta, Euglena of Euglenophyta . The total nitrogen ( TN) and total phosphorus (TP) of all sampling sites exceed the eutrophication index. By using biological indicator, the water quality evaluation results shows that the water of Xiangjiang River is eutrophic, and by using saprobic system, the pollution level of Xiangjiang River is α-mesosaprobic zone and β-me-sosaprobic zone. In addition, a variety of algae

  19. 长沙地区城郊健康体检人群肥胖及相关疾病分析%Analysis of Obesity and the related Chronic Diseases Among the Physical Examination Population in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓华

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of overweight, obesity and the related chronic diseases among the suburb population in Changsha. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the physical examination data of 1,786 residents from a town in Changsha in 2011. The relationship between overweight, obesity and blood pressure, blood lipids, blood glucose, blood uric acid, the prevalence of the related chronic diseases was analyzed. Results The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were 37.2% and 12.3% , respectively. And the rates were increased with the increasing age. SBP, DBP, TC, TG, and UA of overweight group and obesity group were higher than those in normal weight group. SBP, DBP, TG, UA and FBG of obesity group were higher than those in overweight group. The prevalence rates of hypertension, coronary heart disease, mellitus diabetes, gall - stone and fatty liver were higher in obesity group than those in normal weight group. Conclusions Obesity is closely correlated with hypertension, coronary heart disease, mellitus diabetes, gall - stone, fatty liver and other chronic diseases. Health education and living style intervention for weight management are the key points of preventing the chronic diseases in communities in future.%目的 探讨长沙市城郊人群体质量超标、肥胖及相关慢性疾病的流行情况. 方法 回顾性分析2011年长沙地区某镇1786例健康体检者的体检资料,分析体质量超标、肥胖与血压、血脂、血糖、血尿酸及相关慢性病患病率的关系. 结果 体检人群中超重率达37.2%,肥胖率达12.3%,超重、肥胖率随年龄的增加而升高.超重组、肥胖组收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)、总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三脂(TG)和血尿酸(UA)高于正常组.肥胖组SBP、DBP、TG、UA和空腹血糖(FBG)高于超重组.肥胖人群高血压、冠心病、糖尿病、胆结石、脂肪肝等慢性病的比例明显高于非肥胖人群. 结论 肥胖与高血压、冠心病、糖尿

  20. Analysis of the Monitoring Results of Birth Defect in Hospitals Between 2001 and 2010 in Changsha%长沙市2001~2010年医院出生缺陷监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖月娥; 朱琳; 周红女; 周燕飞; 李杏秀; 王卫东; 徐扬; 林蓓蓓

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the monitoring results of birth defect in hospital between 2001 and 2010 in Changsha in order to provide the basis for formulating the policy to reduce the birth defect rate of hospitals by health administrative department .[Methods] The statistical data from 13 birth defect monitoring hospitals of Changsha were analyzed .All the 13 hospital were accorded with birth defect definition and diagnostic standard in Chinese birth defect monitoring program and Chinese birth defect monitoring manual .All birth defect children were examined and registered by the trained physicians .The classification and statistical analysis were taken .[Results] In the past 10 years ,there were 173527 perinatal children born in 13 birth defect surveillance hospitals . Among them ,3856 children were birth defects .The total incidence rate was 222 .16/10000 .The incidence rate of birth defect during 10 years was increased obviously .The top 5 birth defects were congenital heart disease ,outer ear and other malformations ,cleft lip complicated with cleft palate ,multi-finger(toe) and congenital hydroceph-alus .Except the constituent ratio of congenital heart disease was increased ,the constituent ratio of 4 other birth defects had the declining trend .[Conclusion] The strategical change of the prevention mode of birth defect should be implemented so as to reduce the birth defect .%[目的]通过分析长沙市2001~2010年医院出生缺陷监测结果数据,为上级医疗行政部门制定降低医院出生缺陷率的政策提供依据。[方法]参照长沙市13所出生缺陷监测医院的统计数据。13所医院均按照《中国出生缺陷监测方案》及《中国出生缺陷监测手册》中有关出生缺陷的定义特征和诊断标准,经专职医生临床体检和相关检查确诊并分类统计。[结果]10年中13所出生缺陷监测医院总出生围生儿为173527例,出生缺陷3856例,总发生率为222.16/万,10年间出生缺

  1. 2014年长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫效果评估%Immune Effect Evaluation of Dog Rabies in the Center Downtown Area of Changsha City During 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑冠伟; 陈智; 刘增再; 谭丹; 薛爽; 王洪亮; 李蜜; 朱振; 宁华杰

    2015-01-01

    为了解长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫抗体水平,给相关职能部门提供科学的防控依据,通过不定期采集全市城区17家授权免疫点犬只血样,使用法国SYBIOTICS犬猫狂犬病抗体检测试剂盒进行抗体水平检测。结果显示:2014年长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫抗体合格率为65.4%;6月龄以下犬只免疫抗体水平较低,仅为25.6%;免疫一次与免疫两次以上的抗体合格率差异性显著(P<0.05);免疫两次不同生产厂家疫苗的抗体合格率差异性显著(P<0.05);免疫三次及以上不同生产厂家疫苗的免疫抗体合格率差异不显著;国产疫苗比进口疫苗的免疫抗体水平要高,但差异不显著。结果提示,应重点关注6月龄以下犬的免疫工作;免疫程序需进一步优化;应继续加大对国产疫苗免疫效果的评估。%In order to know the dog rabies antibody level of the downtown area of Changsha City and provide technical supporting for the relevant functional departments for prevention and control,the blood samples of vaccinated dogs were collected in 17 authorized immune points all over the city,and the antibody-level detection were conducted with the French SYBIOTICS dogs and cats rabies antibody detection kits. The results showed:The overall rate of rabies immune antibody with protective level was 65.4% in downtown area of Changsha City in 2014;for dogs under 6-month-old was 25.6%,relevantly lower. The results also showed: the difference of the rate of antibody with protective level was signifi-cant(P<0.05) between one time vaccination and two times;and the difference was significant (P<0.05)between two time vaccination by using two different vaccines produced by different manufacturers;The difference was not significant be-tween three or more time vaccination by using two different vaccines produced by different manufacturers;The immune antibody level of domestic vaccine was higher than

  2. Ecological risk assessment of land use in core area of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban group%长株潭城市群核心区土地利用生态风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅丽华; 谢炳庚; 张晔; 邓楚雄; 左婕

    2011-01-01

    With the rapid development of Changsha - Zhuzhou - Xiangtan Urban group, the change of land use structure and mode caused by human' s activities has formed, a great ecological and environment pressure . The land use ecological risk assessment based on GIS and landscape ecology were used for selecting the typical transect core area of this urban group as the study area, and the Xiangjiang River shoreline as sample belt. Based on the "Source" and "sink" theory with the function of landscape ecological risk assessment, the index analysis framework and the ecological risk assessment model for spatial analysis and comprehenive evaluation was established.The results show that the high ecological risk is in the built-up area of Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan are followed. Among them, the risk index value is decreased from urban built-up areas to urban fringe. The ecological risk index in the junction of three cities is low. According to the character and distribution of the ecological risk, the corresponding risk control management strategies are proposed.%随着长株潭城市群的快速发展,人类活动导致的土地利用结构及方式改变对生态环境构成了巨大压力.运用GIS和景观生态学方法的土地利用生态风险评价,以长株潭城市群核心区为研究区域,选择湘江岸线为典型样带,建立了基于"源"与"汇"景观功能的土地利用生态风险评价指标体系,并构建了评价模型,对生态风险进行了空间分析和综合评价.结果表明,长沙市建成区的土地利用生态风险指数整体最高,株洲和湘潭居次.其中,从城市群建成区向外,风险指数逐渐降低,长沙、株洲、湘潭三市交界处生态风险指数也较低.根据研究区域生态风险状况、变化和分布特征,提出了相应的风险调控策略和管理方法,为实现区域土地利用与生态、社会、经济的可持续发展提供决策依据.

  3. 湖南长沙市结核分枝杆菌耐药情况分析%Drug resistance analysis on Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Changsha area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘建华; 罗丹; 石国民; 彭雪峰; 向延根

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current situation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance in Changsha area. Methods A total of 6198 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains were identified in Changsha Central Hospital from 2011 to 2015 and the sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains to 7 kinds of anti-tuberculosis drugs was performed. Results The top 5 of the drug resistance rates of 6198 strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex group were INH(14. 18% ),RFP(13. 57% ),SM(12. 31% ),EMB(3. 87)and OFLX(2. 60). The o-verall rate of resistance to anti-TB drugs was 20. 56% . MDR rate was 9. 31%. PDR rate was 4. 52% and XDR rate was 0. 45% . The detection rate of drug resistant tuberculosis of male was higher than female in all age groups except the female under 20 years old in 2012. The resistance in retreated patients was higher than in initial patients. Con-clusion The prevalence of drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in our hospital is lower than that of the fifth national tuberculosis epidemiological survey,but MDR rate is higher than the national level. Therefore,its drug re-sistance situation is still grim.%目的:了解长沙地区结核分枝杆菌耐药情况。方法分析本院2012年1月-2015年10月分离的6198株结核分枝杆菌对7种抗结核药物的耐药情况。结果6198株结核分枝杆菌复合群菌株耐药率顺位前5位依次为 INH(14.18%)、RFP(13.57%)、SM(12.31%)、EMB(3.87)、OFLX(2.60);总耐药率为20.56%,耐多药占9.31%,多耐药占4.52%,广泛耐药占0.45%;除2012年20岁以下年龄组女性耐药结核菌的检出率略高于男性外,其余年份各年龄组男性均高于女性;复治患者的耐药率(24.76%)高于初治患者(19.49%),两者差异有统计学意义(χ2=176.21,P <0.001);结论本院结核分枝杆菌耐药率总体低于全国第五次结核病流行病学调查结果,但耐多药率高于全国水平,耐药状况仍然严峻。

  4. 不同性别学龄前儿童行为问题影响因素的调查%Factors of behavior problems between different genders of preschool children in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭茹; 毛定安; 李介民; 罗雪梅; 蒋彦; 刘继红

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the behavior problems and factors between different genders of preschool children in Changsha. (Method] A total of 854 children aged 3 - 5 years were randomly sampled from 5 districts in Chang-sha and their parents completed the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire and the factors questionnaire respectively. [Results] The prevalence of behavior problems was 20. 4% ,in which 28. 1% for boys and 12. 4% for girls,and there was significant difference between boys and girls (P<0. 001). The factors infulencing behavior of boys were feeding patterns, bottle feeding, the appetite,diseases in pregnancy, postpartum mood, relationship between parents, mother's emotion, educational attitudes .educational patterns, changes of caregiver, father sleep talking, mother sleep talking, restless sleep of child; while the girls influencing factors contained attending special skill training class,night sleep duration,playing games before go to sleep, the mood before sleeping, history of having colds, illnesses in last year of child, whether eating regularly, relationship between parents,mother's emotion,postpartum mood,preterm birth. [Conclusion] There is difference in gender between the prevalence and factors of behavior problems,and it's worth paying attention in practical work.%[目的]通过对长沙市学龄前儿童行为问题的调查,探讨不同性别儿童行为问题的影响因素,为早期预防和早期干预提供依据. [方法]在长沙市5个行政辖区随机抽取854例3~5岁儿童,由家长完成受试儿童的Conners 父母症状问卷和自行设计的儿童行为问题影响因素问卷. [结果]长沙市学龄前儿童行为问题总检出率为20.4%,男童检出率明显高于女童(P<0.001).影响男童行为问题的因素有喂养方式、是否奶瓶喂奶、儿童食欲、孕期疾病、产后情绪、父母关系、母亲情绪、教育态度、教育方式、看护人变更、父亲说梦话、母亲说梦话、小儿

  5. 长沙市市售保健食品及其标签标识基本情况调查%Label identities and basic situation of health food in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾彪; 孙振球; 胡明; 许林勇; 曾芳; 李辉霞; 李丽; 胡婧璇; 史静琤

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To study the relevant information on the label of health food in Changsha, and provide scientific evidence for health food hygienic supervision. Methods: Investigation was conducted in department stores, supermarkets, pharmacies, and wholesale markets in the 5 districts in Changsha with multistage stratified sampling method. Self-designed basic information of health food questionnaire was used to investigate the quality of labels the health food products. Results: Among the 408 random samples, the unidentified rates of label items were ranked in descending order: functional components (49.8%), unsuited community (27.9%), manufacturing date (23.0%), approval number and others (9.6%). The qualified rates of labels were different in different management types (x2=59.793, P<0.05): the highest rate was in supermarkets (71.15%), followed by pharmacies (70.07%), shopping malls (57.47%), and wholesale markets (26.23%). Conclusion: The supervision of label identities of health food should be strengthened, especially for the health food in the wholesale markets.%目的:调查长沙市市售保健食品的标签标识状况,为保健食品的卫生监督提供监管依据.方法:采用多阶段分层抽样的方法,按长沙市5个行政区,每个区分别抽取商场、超市、药店和批发市场销售的保健食品作为调查对象.采用自行设计的《保健食品基本信息登记表》,对抽检的保健食品的标签标识情况进行调查.结果:在408件样品中,标签条目未标识率从高到低依次为功效成分(49.8%)、不适宜人群(27.9%)、日期标识(23.0%)、批准文号(9.6%)等;不同经营类型销售商所销售保健食品标签标识的合格率差异有统计学意义(x2=59.793,P<0.05),由高到低的顺序依次为超市(71.15%)、药店(70.07%)、百货商场(57.47%)、批发市场(26.23%).结论:需加强保健食品标签标识的监督检查,尤其是针对批发市场销售的保健食品.

  6. 长沙市综合医院手术室男护士工作现状调查%Investigation of Working Present Situation of Male Nurses at Operating Room in General Hospital of Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余尚昆; 董小文

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查湖南省长沙市二级甲等以上综合医院手术室男护士的工作现状,以帮助他们正确看待自己的专业,解决一些疑惑,以便为改善医院手术室男护士身心健康状况提供依据,从而使他们以良好的状态工作。方法采取双向调查的方法,随机选择长沙市8所二级甲等以上综合手术室男护士和女护士各60人,以及男护士参与过手术的患者、手术医生、女护士各50名,采用自行设计的调查问卷进行调查。结果男护士在手术室中承担着大量有益的工作,与女护士比较男护士在应急、体力、学习、互补等方面具有优势,手术患者、手术室医生、手术室护士对男护士满意度较高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论手术室应该根据自身情况,不断加强男护士队伍建设,充分发挥其优势,更好地服务患者。%Objective To investigate the working situation of male nurses at operating room in secondary A or higher general hospitals in Changsha and give them assistance to correctly view their major and solve their problems in order to provide evidence for improving the physical and mental health of operating room male nurses. Thus enable them to work in good condition. Methods Adopted to investigate two-way, 8 secondary hospitals above comprehensive operation room male nurses and nurse of 60 people were randomly selected in Changsha, as well as male nurses in surgery patients, doctors and women nurses 50 cases, using self-designed questionnaire survey. Results Male nurse takes a lot of useful work in the operating room, compared with female nurses male nurses in emergency, physical strength, gender, learning, complementary, have obvious advantages, surgery patients, operating room doctors and nurses on male nurse satisfaction is high, the difference has statistical significance (P<0.05).ConclusionAccording to self-condition, operating rooms should continue to

  7. Status and risk factors for metabolic syndrome in physical examination population in Changsha%长沙健康体检人群代谢综合征现状及危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence feature and risk factors of metabolic syndrome for employees in some area of Changsha in 2010, and to find the effective preventive strategy. Methods A total of 1 342 people were enrolled in this study, whose healthy behavior and family history were taken by questionnaires. Blood sugar, serum lipid levels (including total cholesterol, low and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride) , uric acid, body mass index, and blood pressure were measured. Risk factors of metabolic syndrome were estimated with multivariable logistic analysis. Results The prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome was 12. 3% ( 13. 9% in males, 10. 0% in females) , and it was increased with age. Multivariable logistic analysis showed that for males the risk factors for metabolic syndrome were age, drinking, high lipid diet, and familial history of diabetes mellitus while for females were age, lack of exercises, and familial history of high blood pressure. Conclusion The prevalence of metabolic syndrome for employees in some area of Changsha is high. The prevention of metabolic syndrome could be strengthened through lifetime exercises, diet adjustment, and drinking limits.%目的:探讨2010年长沙市部分企业员工代谢综合征的患病现状、分布特征及其危险因素,为预防代谢综合征提出有效的干预措施.方法:对长沙市某体检人群1 342人进行空腹血糖、血脂(包括总胆固醇、三酰甘油、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇)、尿酸、身高、体质量、血压测定及膳食结构、家族史、生活习惯和运动情况等问卷调查,对结果进行多元Logistic逐步回归分析.结果:从l 342名中共检出代谢综合征165名,发生率为12.3%,其中男性为13.9%,女性为10.0%,且随年龄的增加而增长.多元Logistic回归分析结果表明,年龄、饮酒、高脂饮食及糖尿病家族史是男性代谢综合征的主要危险因素;年龄、缺乏运

  8. Survey and analysis on mental health knowledge awareness by questionnaires Changsha residents%长沙市民精神卫生知识知晓率调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛小平; 周甲龙

    2013-01-01

    Objective To learn the status of understanding mental health knowledge of urban and rural residents in Changsha,in order to provide the references for propaganda and popularity,also provide a basis for a better implementation of mental health legislation.Methods Using whole cluster randomization method,3100 questionnaires were distributed in two communities of Yuhua District and two natural village of Wangchengjinggang Town,and 3020 questionnaires were valid.Results The basic awareness rate was 33%,the part awareness rate was 50%,and the less awareness rate was 17%.Most people understood the mental disorder and were willing to help them.Compared with urban and rural,age,occupation,the awareness rate of urban and rural residents showed significant difference,also there showed significant differences in age,occupation and culture (P <0.01).Conclusions Changsha residents' awareness of mental health knowledge is good,and it is possibly associated with the administration of Civil Affairs Bureau on carrying out Mental Patients' Community Drug Therapy,but the shortage of awareness on mental illness and symptoms have been showed,so the propaganda and education of mental health should still be strengthened.%目的 了解长沙市城乡居民精神卫生的知晓现状,同时为精神卫生知识的宣传和普及提供参考,也为精神卫生法更好地实施提供依据.方法 采用整群随机调查的方法,在雨花区的两个社区和望城靖港镇的两个自然村发放问卷3 100份,收回有效问卷3 020份.结果 总体基本知晓率为33%,部分知晓率为50%,较少知晓率为17%.多数市民表示理解精神疾病患者并愿意帮助他们.城乡、年龄、职业、文化程度的不同对精神卫生知识的知晓差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 长沙市市民对精神卫生知识知晓情况尚可,可能与长沙市民政局牵头开展的精神病患者社区药物治疗有关,但对精神疾病及其症状认识仍显有

  9. Analysis of relationship between occupational stress and burnout of the clinical nurses in Changsha%长沙市临床护士职业压力与职业倦怠的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席明霞; 卿利敏; 李丹; 黄冬枚

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨长沙市临床护士职业压力与职业倦怠的关系,为医院临床护理管理者预防和干预临床护士职业压力和职业倦怠提供依据.方法 采用临床护士一般资料调查表、职业压力问卷和职业倦怠问卷对长沙市5所综合性医院的412名临床护士进行问卷调查.结果 临床护士职业压力总均分为(3.77±0.48)分,其中人际关系得分为(3.93±0.56)分居首位;职业倦怠总均分为(3.82±0.40)分,其中情感衰竭得分为(3.27±0.58)分居首位,职业压力和职业倦怠均处于高水平;低成就感与职业压力及其患者态度和职业发展维度呈正相关(P<0.05),情感衰竭与职业压力及其人际关系、患者态度、危重患者、职业发展维度呈正相关(P<0.05),职业倦怠及其人格解体维度与职业压力及其各维度均呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 长沙市临床护士的职业压力和职业倦怠均处于高水平,应引起医院管理者和社会的重视.%Objective To explore the relationship between occupational stress and the job burnout of clinical nurses in Changsha so as to provide the reference of prevention and intervention of occupational stress and the job bumout for the managers in hospitals. Methods A total of 412 clinical nurses in 5 general hospitals were recruited, and a general information questionnaire, Occupational Stress Scale and job Bumout Scale were employed. Results The mean score of occupational stress was (3.77 ± 0. 48) and the highest was the dimension of interpersonal relationship (3. 93 ± 0. 56). The mean score of job bumout was (3.82 ±0.40) and the highest was the dimension of emotional exhaustion (3.27 ±0.58). The scores of occupational stress and job bumout were at a high level. The score of low accomplishment was positively correlated with the occupational pressure (P < 0.05), and the score of emotional exhaustion was positively correlated with interpersonal relationship,patients'attitude,patients with

  10. 湖南、湖北第十一届全运会成绩的比较研究%Comparative Study on the 11th National Games'Results between Hubei and Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶明

    2012-01-01

    Taking the development of past two National Games'results of Hubei and Hunan province as research object,the author analyses the gap between the past two National Games by using methods of literature review,history comparison and data analysis,which provides reference for the 12th National Game.From the results of the research,by comparing the rankings of gold medals and medals,we can find that Hunan is on the leading point;however,the gap is not big.Comparing the total score,Hunan is superior to Hubei;and,from the competition results,Hunan has the more noticeable advantage.Comparing the rate of top three and winning rankings,Hunan also has dominant advantage;however,numbers of top eight are close.The results also show that items of winning gold medals are limited for Hunan and the development of every item in Hubei is unbalanced.The above mentioned problems seriously restricted the improvement of overall strength of competitive sports in the two provinces.%以湖南与湖北竞技体育第十一届全运会成绩为研究对象,主要采用文献资料法、历史比较法、数理统计法分析了湖南与湖北十一届全运会之间存在的差距与不足,为湖北备战十二届全运会提供参考。结果表明:湖南省明显在金牌与奖牌排名上比湖北省处于领先地位,但两省总分差距不大;从全运会奖牌榜上来说湖南成绩较湖北成绩占有优势,而赛会成绩优势更加明显;从前三名的数量和获得名次各项比例来看,湖南省比湖北省优势依然明显,但前八名数量基本持平接近;项目结构来看,湖南存在着夺金项目分布面窄,湖北各个项目发展水平很不平衡的特点,上述两个不均衡现状的存在,严重制约着两省竞技体育整体实力的提高。

  11. Development Strategy Analysis of BeiBu Gulf Ports for Hunan Province%面向湖南的北部湾港发展策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱念; 李伊; 梁碧兰

    2012-01-01

    中国—东盟自由贸易区建成后的贸易扩大与溢出效应明显,作为中国与东盟全面合作的桥头堡,广西北部湾经济区拥有西南地区最全面便捷的东盟通道,区位优势更加明显;中南制造业大省湖南外向型经济发达,传统的货物出海模式已经不适应湖南经济快速发展的需要,北部湾港作为湖南异地出海口具有可行性与必要性。北部湾港应因地制宜发展具有湘桂特色的"飞地"港口物流。%The expansion and spillover ettects of international commercial tradeare to be easy seen alter the completion of China-ASEAN Free Trade Area. As the pioneer between China and ASEAN countries cooperation, Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone favours the most convenient channel to ASEAN countries for the Southwest China. Sea ports in the Beibu Gulf are good out- let choices for Hunan province, manufacturing industry province in Middle-South China, whose traditional cargo sea model is no longer suitable for its rapid economy development. This article discusses the feasibility and necessity of the Beibu Gulf ports for I-lunan outlets, and makes a SWOT model analysis, from the view of win-win strategy, and the development of the Beibu Gulf ports, putting forward the construction of upgrading the Beibu Gulf ports by using the leverage the development of Hunan prov-ince.

  12. Analysis of the Popularity of Witchcraft among the Miao People in West Hunan%湘西苗族地区蛊的流行原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉宝; 麻友世

    2013-01-01

    明清以来巫蛊一直流传在湘西苗族地区,至今还有很多苗族群众依然相信蛊的存在,其根本原因是科学技术落后,但是同样是处在落后的地区,巫蛊在苗族地区更为流行,其主要原因是,在认识论上,巫蛊流行迎合了苗族的阴阳思想;在制度上,过去苗族地区缺乏制止巫蛊流行的社会管理制度;从其产生和流传来看,苗族地区有“匠嘎”对“蛊病”的诊治和社会舆论对巫蛊流行的推波助澜。%Witchcraft has been popular in the western areas of Hunan from the time of Ming and Qing dynasty . Even in modern times , there are many Miao people who still believe in witchcraft in the world . The basic reason is they have little modern knowledge . However , many people who also live in western underdeveloped areas of Hunan do not believe in witchcraft . The other reason may lie in the fact that witchcraft caters to the Miao people's Yin-yang concept , the Miao people lacked the anti -witchcraft system , and the traditional Miao doctor who can diagnose the so called Gu-disease and the public opinion usually propagates it and make it more popular .

  13. 湖南省促农增收的实证分析%Empirical Analysis on Promoting Farmers' Income in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马智利; 邹仁功

    2011-01-01

    To increase peasant income is the primary issue to balance urban and rural development and to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas.Moreover,it is the core of issue of agriculture,rural and farmer.According to the application of gray mathematical model,the data of the rapid development of agriculture in Hunan province in recent years were analyzed to guide the'12th-Five-Year-Plan' agricultural development and farmers income increasing in Hunan province,and put forward the important approaches to improve agriculture and increase income were adjusting invest direction of rural fixed assets and increasing benefit area of rural fixed assets.%促进农民增收是统筹城乡发展、缩小城乡差距的首要问题,是"三农"问题的核心与根本所在。通过总结湖南省最近几年来农业高速发展的经验数据,应用灰色关联度的数学模型,对"十二五"期间湖南省的农业发展以及增加农民收入的问题进行指导,提出调整农村固定资产投资方向、增大农村固定资产的受益面积是促农增收的重要途径。

  14. Comparison of two approaches for measuring household wealth via an asset-based index in rural and peri-urban settings of Hunan province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balen Julie

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are growing concerns regarding inequities in health, with poverty being an important determinant of health as well as a product of health status. Within the People's Republic of China (P.R. China, disparities in socio-economic position are apparent, with the rural-urban gap of particular concern. Our aim was to compare direct and proxy methods of estimating household wealth in a rural and a peri-urban setting of Hunan province, P.R. China. Methods We collected data on ownership of household durable assets, housing characteristics, and utility and sanitation variables in two village-wide surveys in Hunan province. We employed principal components analysis (PCA and principal axis factoring (PAF to generate household asset-based proxy wealth indices. Households were grouped into quartiles, from 'most wealthy' to 'most poor'. We compared the estimated household wealth for each approach. Asset-based proxy wealth indices were compared to those based on self-reported average annual income and savings at the household level. Results Spearman's rank correlation analysis revealed that PCA and PAF yielded similar results, indicating that either approach may be used for estimating household wealth. In both settings investigated, the two indices were significantly associated with self-reported average annual income and combined income and savings, but not with savings alone. However, low correlation coefficients between the proxy and direct measures of wealth indicated that they are not complementary. We found wide disparities in ownership of household durable assets, and utility and sanitation variables, within and between settings. Conclusion PCA and PAF yielded almost identical results and generated robust proxy wealth indices and categories. Pooled data from the rural and peri-urban settings highlighted structural differences in wealth, most likely a result of localized urbanization and modernization. Further research is needed

  15. On Social Education of Hunan during the Period of the Republic of China%民国时期湖南的社会教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐林生

    2015-01-01

    民国时期我国的社会教育主要由政府来主导,其架构主要有民众教育馆、图书馆、民众学校、公共体育、健康卫生教育、广播电影教育、音乐戏剧教育等基本形式,以及相关的政策、法规和各级管理等。其运行有环境、管理、人才与经费四个重要维度。综合这四个因素,此期的湖南社会教育虽发轫较早,但在全国处中等水平,符合湖南社会发展的特性。%During the period of the Republic of China,our country's social education was mainly dominated by the government and the main structure was public education center,library,public school,public sports,health education,broadcasting,film, music and drama education and other basic forms as well as related policies,legislations and management at all levels.Its oper-ating had four important aspects,which is environment,management,personnel and funding.Hunan's social education began earlier during this period,but it is at the medium level in the whole country which was in line with the characteristics of Hunan's social development.

  16. Introduction of Salvia miltiorrhiza bge.var.alba in Hunan%湖南地区白花丹参的引种试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨先国; 刘塔斯; 林丽美; 舒柯; 李钟; 褚思思

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨从山东莱芜引种到湖南地区的白花丹参药材的产量及质量.方法:相同条件种植白花丹参和紫花丹参,计算2种丹参根的条数、粗细、根的鲜干质量,采用高效液相色谱法测定丹参中丹参酮ⅡA和丹酚酸B的含量,并对根横切面的显微特征进行研究.结果:引种后的白花丹参有效成分含量符合药典标准,产量显著提高,二者的根横切面显微特征有明显的差异.结论:白花丹参适合在湖南种植,可作为优质的丹参资源在湖南引种并开发利用.%Objection: To study the yield and quality of Salvia miltiorrhiza bge. Var. Alba inctroducted from Shandong Laiwu, planted in Hunan province. Method: Salvia miltiorrhiza bge and S. Miltiorrhiza bge. Var. Alba were planted samely, and the number, size,weight of two plant's radix were counted. The content of tanshinone ⅡA and salvianolic acid B were determined by high performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC ) , microscopic characters of transverse section of radix were studied. Result:The content of chemical constituent accorded with the standard of pharmacopoeia, the yield of S. Miltiorrhiza bge. Var. Alba was higher significiently. Microscopic characters of transverse section of two plants showed significient difference. Conclusion: S. Miltiorrhiza bge. Var. Alba as a high qulity S. Miltiorrhiza bge resource was fitted to plant in Hunan province for future development.

  17. DESIGN OF LANDFILL LEACHATE TREATMENT PLANT IN CHANGSHA SOLID WASTE LANDFILL SITE%长沙市固体废弃物处理场渗沥液处理工程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴惠鹏; 周昭阳; 陈娟娟

    2012-01-01

    长沙市固体废弃物处理场渗沥液处理工程是目前国内达到垃圾填埋场污染物排放限制(GB 16889-2008)要求的大型渗沥液处理厂,于2010年6月建成,最大处理规模达到1500 t/d,采用(A/O)2-MBR+RO/NF处理工艺设计.经运行验证,处理系统稳定高效,出水水质良好达标.文中对工程概况、污水特点、工艺流程、单元设计及运行效果进行了说明,并对本项目设计经验进行了总结.%The leachate treatment plant in Changsha Solid Waste Landfill Site was a large-scale plant which final effluent can meet the requirements of GB 16889-2008: standard for pollution control on the landfill site of municipal solid waste. The plant was completed on June 2010, whose maximum handling capacity was 1 500 m3/d, which was designed by (A/O)2-MBR+RO/NF process. The practical running showed that the treatment system was reliable and efficient, the effluent water quality can meet the standard. This article introduced the treatment plant, influent water quality, treatment process and treatment effect, and summarized as well the experiences of the plant designing.

  18. The Evaluation on Tourism Sustainable Development in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration%长株潭城市群旅游可持续发展评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志宏

    2012-01-01

    长株潭城市群“两型社会”建设要求该地区的旅游发展具有可持续性,结合长株潭城市群旅游系统的特征构建了该区域旅游的可持续发展水平评价指标体系,并利用层次分析对各项指标赋权,采用综合指数法评价了该地区旅游的可持续发展水平.结果显示:长株潭城市群旅游的总体可持续发展水平较强.这一方面说明长株潭城市群自开展“两型社会”建设以来在旅游可持续发展方面取得了较好的成效;另一方面又要求政府加大建设与管理,促使该地区旅游可持续发展水平向更高层次推进.%The "two-oriented society" construction in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration requires its tourism develop sustainably. This paper builtted the index system of tourism sustainable development with its own characteristic in this area, weighted every index with analytic hierarchy process, and assessed the sustainable development level of tourism by using the synthetically index method. The results showed that the sustainable development level of tourism in this area was high. Therefore, it concluded that great achievement on tourism in this area has obtained for the past few years, moreover, it called for the government to increase the construction and management to promote better development.

  19. 长沙市中学生对呼吸道传染病的知识、态度和行为分析%Knowledge, attitude and practice of respiratory infection in middle school students in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓卉; 栗达; 黄维; 孙振球

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解长沙市中学生应对常见呼吸道传染病的知识、态度和行为(KAP)现况,为加强中学生应对常见呼吸道传染病健康教育提供依据.方法:在长沙市的5个区中分别随机抽取初中、高中各1所,在每所学校中整群抽取1个班,采用无记名自填问卷方法调查在校初一、初二、高一、高二年级学生560名.结果:学生对常见呼吸道传染病基本知识的总知晓率为56.6%,城市学生知晓率高于乡镇;呼吸道传染病疫情暴发时,55.9%的学生会积极了解常见呼吸道传染病的知识,43.4%的学生会主动搜寻相关疫情消息,80.0%的学生会听从学校、教师和家长的安排;学生对预防常见呼吸道传染病知识的总知晓率为79.5%,且女生知晓率高于男生,城市高于乡镇;疫情暴发时正确处理措施的知识总知晓率为65.7%;网络和电视广播为学生获取知识的主要途径.结论:长沙市中学生常见呼吸道传染病KAP水平较低,学校应加强相关方面特别是乡镇学校的健康教育,探索更有效的教育方式;网络和大众传媒应继续发挥重要作用.%Objective: To understand the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) to cope with common respiratory infection in middle school students in Changsha and to strengthen health education on respiratory infection. Methods: The S districts in Changsha were included. One junior school and one high school were randomly selected from each district, from which a cluster sample class in each was randomly selected. An anonymous questionnaire was used to survey 560 students in the first and second year students in each school. Results: In terms of basic knowledge of common respiratory diseases 56.6% of students had adequate "total awareness" scores, whereby the rate among urban students was higher than that of rural ones. In situations of respiratory infection outbreaks, 55.9% of students were actively knowledgeable of common respiratory disease

  20. 湖南粮食产业发展现状与对策研究——以水稻为主要分析对象%Status Quo of Food Industry Development in Hunan and Countermeasures-Taking Paddy Rice as a Major Analytic Object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐胜辉

    2012-01-01

    在全球粮食危机的背景下,中国的粮食生产与贸易显得愈发重要。湖南省作为稻米生产大省,其粮食生产现状及健康发展所产生的作用显得日益重要。通过分析湖南大米发展的资源禀赋,可以看出湖南大米发展趋势良好,并具有良好的自然资源禀赋和强大的农业科技支撑力量等优势,但是湖南大米也存在生产效益较低、竞争力不强等问题。基于存在的诸多问题,提出了严格耕地管理、提高农民种粮积极性,提高水稻的产量、增加大米的产值,推进农业产业化经营、提高粮食加工能力等措施建议。%In the background of global food crisis, China "s grain production and trade becomes more and more important. As a big grain production province, Hunan Province enjoys ever-increasing importance in the status quo of food production and health development. Through the analysis of the development of Hunan rice resources endowment, we can see its developing trend, and its good natural resource endowment and the powerful supports for agricultural science and technology strength and other advantages, but together with the problems of low productivity, weak competitiveness. Based on the existing problems, it puts forward measures such as strict land management, raise farmers" enthusiasm to plant grains, increase the yield of paddy rice, increase rice production, advance agricultural industrialization, and raise grain processing capacity.

  1. Research on the Appropriate Scale of Farmland Operation Based on Questionnaire Survey of Rural Households——A Case Study of Two Suburban Counties in Changsha City%基于农户调查的农地适度经营规模研究——以长沙市两个郊区县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周厚智; 杨钢桥

    2012-01-01

    农业规模化生产是市场经济发展的客观要求,农地规模经营是农业规模化经营的关键所在.从农户效用最大化的角度,建立了农户农地适度经营规模的测度模型;并利用湖南长沙市2个郊区县141份农户调查问卷数据,对该模型进行了检验.研究结果表明:影响农地适度经营规模的因素包括农产品市场价格、农业生产技术、各生产要素的市场价格及其市场转移概率;目前,农业生产处在规模报酬递减阶段;农地投入对农产品产量的影响最大,其次是劳动力投入,资本投入的影响最小;户均农地适度经营规模为1.42 hm2,但目前户均农地经营面积仅有0.31 hm2;为了使农户家庭劳力与农地达到最优配置状态,进而使农户家庭收入达到最大,应选择转入农地或转出剩余劳动力.%Agricultural scale production is the objective demand of market economy; And farmland scale operation is the key of agricultural scale operation. A model was built for measuring the appropriate scale of farmland operation from the angle of maximization of rural households utility; And the model was tested using questionnaire survey of 141 rural households from 2 suburban counties in Changsha City. The results showed that four factors had influenced the appropriate scale of farmland operation, which were the market price of agricultural commodity, agricultural production technology, market price of each factor of production and market transition probability. Agricultural production was still in the phase of decreasing rewards. Agricultural land input had the largest influence on agricultural production, followed by labor input while minimal impact factor was capital input. The moderate scale of farmland management was 1.42 hm2 per rural household, but the current farmland area of operation was only 0.31 hm2 per rural household. In order to make household labor force and farmland to achieve optimal allocation state, thereby

  2. The Influencing Factors and Current Situation Analysis of Adaptability of Industrial Policy Environment——Based on the Survey of Senior Managers in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Area%产业政策环境适应能力的影响因素及现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊勇清; 冯韵雯

    2011-01-01

    在分析企业对产业政策环境适应能力的构成及影响因素基础上,以长株潭地区的159位企业管理人员为调查对象,调查分析了“产业政策环境意识”、“机构、制度与机制”、“文化与价值观”、“沟通渠道与能力”、“行业及企业特征”等五类因素对企业环境适应能力的影响,以及企业在这五个方面的现状水平.研究结果表明这五项因素对产业政策环境的适应能力都有较大影响,但影响程度存在差异,其中“行业及企业特征”,即:企业所在行业的竞争性、自主经营的独立性以及企业技术研发能力是影响企业对产业政策环境适应能力的首要因素,其他各影响因素重要性从大到小依次为:“文化与价值观”、“沟通渠道与能力”、“产业政策意识”、“机构、制度与机制”.从总体上看,企业在这五个方面的实际现状水平不容乐观,“实际现状水平”的评价明显落后于其“重要性”的评价,其中“机构、制度与机制”,即:企业在组织结构、产业研究激励机制及相关人员机构配置等方面的现状水平最不理想.据此提出了提升企业对产业政策环境适应能力的政策建议.%Based on the analysis of components and influencing factors of industrial policy environmental adaptability, this paper takes 159 senior managers in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan area as research object to study and analyze five factors that influence enterprise environmental adaptability, such as consciousness of industrial policy environmental, organization and system mechanism, enterprise culture and value, channels and ability of communicating, characteristics of industry and enterprise. And current situation of enterprises in these five aspects is investigated. The research results show that the five factors have great effects on industrial policy environmental adaptability, but the degree of infuence are different

  3. 关于湿地公园湿地保护建设的思考--以湖南新邵筱溪国家湿地公园为例%Consideration on wetland protection and construction of wetland park---The example of Xiaoxi National Wetland Park in Xinshao County of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周根苗

    2016-01-01

    以湖南新邵筱溪国家湿地公园为例,在简述其基本情况、湿地保护工程建设的基础上,从加大宣传力度,提高公众对湿地保护重要性的认识;加大湿地公园湿地保护资金投入;加快建立湿地保护生态补偿机制;完善相关湿地保护法律法规;建立健全科技支撑体系,加大创新力度等五个方面提出了湿地公园湿地保护建设的建议。%Taking Xiaoxi National Wetland Park in Xinshao County of Hunan Province as an example,and the basic sit﹣uation and construction of wetland protection of it were measured. The reference for the construction of wetland park wet﹣land protection suggestions are pointed out in five aspects as following:intensify propaganda,raise public awareness of the importance of wetland protection and wetland park wetland protection funds,accelerate wetland conservation ecological compensation mechanism,perfecting the related wetland protection laws and regulations,establish and improve the sup﹣port system of science and technology,and increase the intensity of innovation.

  4. 信息化环境下的长株潭农产品供应链管理运作风险研究%Study on Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Agricultural Products Supply Chain Management Risk Under the Information Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭剑; 肖华茂; 王剑波

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of investigation and survey of the regional Changzhutan (Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration) agricultural product market informatization,the authors elaborated in the region agricultural products supply chain management risks are mainly embodied in the government to promote,the main organization coordinated and food safety,and put forward the government control,management,and service role of orientation,main interest allocation mechanism of construction together with the establishment of system of food safety traceability mechanism and prevention strategy.The research results will provide reference for the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration and similar agricultural products supply chain management..%在对长株潭农产品市场信息化调研的基础上,阐述了地区农产品供应链管理存在的风险主要体现在政府推进风险、各主体组织协调风险以及食品安全风险,并据此提出了政府管制、管理、服务角色的定位,主体利益分配机制的建设以及食品安全体系可追溯机制的建立等防范策略,为长株潭及相近地区农产品供应链管理提供参考.

  5. 消费者对有机蔬菜购买意愿影响因素分析——以长沙市场为例%Analysis Factors of Influence on Customers' Purchase Intention to Organic Vegetables: Based on Analysis on Consumer Survey in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳遥青

    2012-01-01

    Based on the marketing theory, using the survey data from Changsha consumer, this study made factor analysis on the Changsha Or ganic vegetables' consumers with the statistical software SPSS16. After the Logisitc Regression model analysis on the consumers' buying inclina tion, this paper makes some improvements about organic vegetables' market development and marketing strategy.%在借鉴消费者行为学理论基础上,结合长沙市场消费者调查问卷的数据,运用SPSSl6统计软件对影响有机蔬菜消费者购买意愿的因素进行因子分析,并运用Logisitc回归模型得出结论。从消费者的角度出发,对现有的有机蔬菜市场发展与营销策略提出改进意见。

  6. 湖南通道“本地话”--二里话和四里话的音韵比较%A Comparison of Phonologic Features Between Erli Dialect and Sili Dialect of Local Dialects in Tongdao, Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉; 孙叶林

    2015-01-01

    The thesis records and compares the phonetic features of tones , consants and vowels between Erli dialect and Sili dialect of local dialects in Tongdao , Hunan .%记录、比较了湖南通道“本地话”———四里话和二里话的声调、声母和韵母的语音特点。

  7. The Press in Hunan Province and the News Reports of Local Lords and Evil Gentry(1926-1927)%湖南报纸与“土豪劣绅”的报道(1926-1927)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周军

    2012-01-01

    "土豪劣绅"是湖南农民运动时期的革命对象,当时湖南地区的两份大报湖南《大公报》和《湖南民报》中有不少这方面的报道,报纸对"土豪劣绅"的指称,描述了"土豪劣绅"的一些基本特征。湖南报纸关于土豪劣绅的报道,既是土豪劣绅民间形象的自然反映,也应视为报纸"塑造"的结果。这些报道与《湖南民报》和湖南《大公报》的自身立场、时局变换以及社会风气的转移有关,而且在大革命时期的两湖地区以及两湖以外的地区,产生了不同程度的影响。%Local lords and evil gentry were the objection of revolution during Hunan Peasant Movement.Hunan Ta-kung Daily and Hunan People’ Daily reported lots of news reports about local lords and evil gentry in 1926-1927,and represented their character,which were the reflection of their local image and the result of the press’ molding.Those news reports were connected with the standpoint of the press,the change of political situation and the shift of social temper,then,influenced in and beyond Hunan Province and Hubei Province in varying degrees.

  8. Clinical utility of orally disintegrating olanzapine in Chinese patients with schizophrenia: a review of effectiveness, patient preference, adherence, and other properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao J

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Jingping Zhao,1 Jianjun Ou,1 Haibo Xue,2 Li Liu,2 William Montgomery,3 Tamas Treuer4 1Mental Health Institute of The Second Xiangya Hospital, Hunan Province Technology Institute of Psychiatry, Key Laboratory of Psychiatry and Mental Health of Hunan Province, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 2Lilly Suzhou Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China; 3Global Health Outcomes, Eli Lilly and Company, Sydney, Australia; 4Emerging Markets Business Unit (Neuroscience, Eli Lilly and Company, Budapest, Hungary Abstract: The primary objective of this systematic review was to examine the evidence for the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of orally disintegrating olanzapine in Chinese populations. A systematic literature search was conducted using databases covering international and Chinese journals, ClinicalTrials.gov, and internal and external trial registries at Eli Lilly and Company using search terms related to target countries (People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan and orally disintegrating olanzapine treatment. A publication and one clinical study report were retrieved. The clinical study showed orally disintegrating olanzapine and the standard oral tablet to have similar efficacy and tolerability profiles. A bioequivalence study has shown that orally disintegrating olanzapine and the standard oral tablet have similar pharmacokinetic profiles. Orally disintegrating olanzapine and the standard oral tablet have similar efficacy and tolerability profiles. Keywords: orally disintegrating, olanzapine, Chinese, schizophrenia, patients

  9. Trend Analysis of Betel Nut-associated Oral Cancer 
and Health Burden in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yan Jia; Chen, Jie; Zhong, Wai Sheng; Ling, Tian You; Jian, Xin Chun; Lu, Ruo Huang; Tang, Zhan Gui; Tao, Lin

    2017-01-01

    To forecast the future trend of betel nut-associated oral cancer and the resulting burden on health based on historical oral cancer patient data in Hunan province, China. Oral cancer patient data in five hospitals in Changsha (the capital city of Hunan province) were collected for the past 12 years. Three methods were used to analyse the data; Microsoft Excel Forecast Sheet, Excel Trendline, and the Logistic growth model. A combination of these three methods was used to forecast the future trend of betel nut-associated oral cancer and the resulting burden on health. Betel nut-associated oral cancer cases have been increasing rapidly in the past 12  years in Changsha. As of 2016, betel nuts had caused 8,222 cases of oral cancer in Changsha and close to 25,000 cases in Hunan, resulting in about ¥5 billion in accumulated financial loss. The combined trend analysis predicts that by 2030, betel nuts will cause more than 100,000 cases of oral cancer in Changsha and more than 300,000 cases in Hunan, and more than ¥64 billion in accumulated financial loss in medical expenses. The trend analysis of oral cancer patient data predicts that the growing betel nut industry in Hunan province will cause a humanitarian catastrophe with massive loss of human life and national resources. To prevent this catastrophe, China should ban betel nuts and provide early oral cancer screening for betel nut consumers as soon as possible.

  10. 湖南省农业担保公司业务包容性增长模式创新研究%Research on Business Inclusive Growth Pattern Innovation of Agriculture Guarantee Company in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴侃; 黄小勇; 郭惠平

    2011-01-01

    论文通过分析湖南农业担保公司的现状和存在的问题,从而提出了创新业务发展模式的需要,并且在此基础上提出了湖南农业担保业务包容性增长模式.通过结合案例重点介绍了产业链融资担保模式和集合中小项目打包担保融资模式,并提出了湖南省做强做大农业担保的相关措施.%Based on the analysis of the status quo and problems existing in agriculture guarantee company in Hunan, the paper puts forward the requirement for innovating business development mode, and proposes the Hunan agriculture guarantee business inclusive growth mode. Combining with cases, the thesis introduces the industry chain financing guarantee mode and small and medium-sized project packing guarantee financing mode, and puts forward the measures on developing agriculture guarantee in Hunan.

  11. 湖南省绿色建筑评价指标体系构建及应用%Construction and Application of Evaluation Index System of Green Building in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇瑶

    2015-01-01

    On the basis of domestic and foreign successful experiences of green buildings and combining with the actual development of Hunan Province ,the article refers to the new version of "Evaluation Standard for Green Building"(GBGBT50378-2014) and constructs the evaluation index system of green building in Hunan province.In addition , analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive analysis method are adopted to do the empirical analysis ,which aims to better promote the development of green building in Hunan province.%在借鉴国内外绿色建筑成功经验的基础上 ,结合湖南省发展的实际 ,参照新版《绿色建筑评价标准》(GBGBT50378-2014) ,构建了湖南省绿色建筑评价指标体系 ,并用层次分析法、模糊综合分析法进行了相关计算做实证分析 ,目的在于更好地促进湖南省绿色建筑的发展.

  12. 基于微信公众号建立湖南烟草一体化移动应用门户的探析%Based on WeChat public, Hunan Tobacco Integration of Mobile Application Portal Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申玉华; 唐绅

    2015-01-01

    该文针对微信公众号的类别和湖南烟草业务应用内容进行了分析,提出了在湖南烟草应用微信公众号建设一体化移动应用门户的构想,并论述了建设微信公众平台的总体设计思路与设计架构,对建设微信公众平台的实施风险进行了分析,指出了建设湖南烟草一体化移动应用门户平台的重要意义.%Public based on WeChat, categories and Hunan tobacco business application contents are analyzed and present?ed in Hunan tobacco use WeChat public Numbers on the idea of the mobile application portal construction integration, and discusses the construction of WeChat public platform of the overall architecture, design idea and design for the im?plementation of the WeChat public platform construction risks are analyzed, points out the construction of the impor?tance of integration of Hunan tobacco mobile application portal platform.

  13. Thinkings on Hunan Agricultural Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设视角下的湖南农业高职教育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚琼湘; 单武雄; 朱巽

    2013-01-01

    The construction of beautiful countryside is an important part of "Four-modernization and Two-oriented"strategy in Hunan. As the major force of cultivating builders of beautiful countryside, Hunan agricultural higher vocational education should initiatively adapt the construction of beautiful countryside, make a clear orientation, reform the talents cultivation model, deepen the major reformation and curriculum system reformation, proactively concern students' career development and foster beautiful countryside builders with high qualities, so as to increase the attraction of Hunan agricultural higher vocational education.%美丽乡村建设是湖南“四化两型”战略的重要内容,作为培养美丽乡村建设者的主要力量,湖南农业高职教育应主动适应美丽乡村建设,明确湖南农业高职教育定位;改革人才培养模式,深化专业改革和课程体系改革;主动关注学生的职业发展,培养高素质的美丽乡村建设接班人,增强湖南农业高职教育的吸引力。

  14. Study on Low Carbon Economic Development in Hunan Province Based on Energy Consumption%基于能源消费的湖南省低碳经济发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄元; 朱红梅; 于漳佩; 王乐; 刘文欣; 李沅澍

    2013-01-01

    The carbon emissions of the three main energies of coal, oil and electricity were accounted by using the general carbon emission formula from 2008 to 2010. According to the analysis results of energy consumption situation and industrial structure in Hunan Province, and the comparation with five provinces of middle - China in GDP energy consumption, it was concluded that the GDP energy consumption of Hunan Province was on the high side. By referencing to the current situation of low carbon economy in Hunan province, the optimization of energy structure and industrial system were studied in this paper.%运用碳排放公式估算2008~2010年湖南省煤、石油、电能三种主要能源的碳排放量,根据估算结果对湖南省能源消费状况和产业结构进行分析,将其与中部五省GDP能耗相比较,得出湖南省GDP能耗偏高的结果.依据湖南省低碳经济发展的基础,从优化能源结构和产业体系两个方面来研究湖南省低碳经济的发展.

  15. 湖南瓦乡人肤纹学参数分析%A dermatoglyphic study on Waxiang people in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮建辉; 刘涛; 熊海霞; 廖芳芳

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究湖南瓦乡人的肤纹参数.方法:在知情同意的原则下,捺印瓦乡人手纹,在捺印的手纹图上观察分析指纹频率和指纹总嵴数,以及掌纹的指间纹、手大鱼际纹与小鱼际纹、猿线频率和指三叉a-b间嵴线数、轴三角atd角度与t百分距.并用Mega2软件绘制聚类图,分析瓦乡人与其他群体肤纹特征的相似性.结果:湖南瓦乡人指纹的观察频率弓型纹为2.63%,尺型纹为49.04%,斗型纹为48.33%,且3种指纹频率性别差异均无统计学意义;指纹总嵴数均值为123.61±32.40,且右手高于左手;指三叉a-b间嵴线数、轴三角atd角度与t百分距均值分别为35.92±4.93、42.84±5.40和18.88±6.93,均无明显的性别与手侧差异;手掌大鱼际及指间纹频率较低.湖南瓦乡人肤纹特征与四川土家族最相似.结论:左、右手同名指花纹对应组合多于期望值,表明同类花纹有亲和性或相容性.本研究丰富了湖南瓦乡人生物学研究资料,为其人类学、遗传学和医学研究提供了较完整的肤纹学数据.%Objective: To explore the dermatoglyphic parameter of Waxiang people in Hunan province. Methods: We took the fingerprints and palmar prints of 134 males and 147 females of Waxiang people with informed consent, and obtained total finger ridge count (TFRC), digital a and b total ridge count (a-bRC), atd angle (atd), percent distance of axial triradius (tPD), fingerprint, hand interdigital, hand thenar and hypothenar, simian line, etc. And the clustering dendrogram of the dermatoglyphics on Wangxian people and other 12 populations was drawn with Mega2 software. Results-. The percents of arch (A), loop (L) and whorl (W) were 2. 63%, 49. 04% and 48. 33/1) of the finger prints on Waxiang people, respectively. And there were no significant sexual differences on the percents of fingerprints among A, L and W. Means of TFRC was 123. 61 ±32. 40, and that of the right hand was higher than that in

  16. 湖南名菜辣味特征及相关味型分析%Pungency Characteristics of Hu'nan Dishes and Analysis of the Related Taste Types

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何帅; 杨帆; 叶小清; 谢定源

    2016-01-01

    Take the book TheHu'nanFlavorofChineseFamousRecipes as a statistical reference,the quantitative analysis of the pungency characteristics of Hu'nan dishes is carried out.Meanwhile,based on the reference and analysis of the spicy food's composition in the representative recipes and the spicy food's consumption per person in Hu'nan Province,synthesize the overall pungency characteristics of Hu'nan dishes.Use the HPLC method to analyze and detect the content of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin in seasonings.With the combination of the pungency degree calculation principle and recipes weight calculation principle,the pungency degree in all kinds of Hu'nan dishes is counted.The research shows that the average pungency degree of capsaicin in the dishes is 1.474°,while the average pungency degree of capsaicin in all dishes is 0.264°.In all Hu'nan spicy dishes,the largest proportion of taste type is “hot-and-sour”.%以《中国名菜谱·湖南风味》为统计参考,量化分析湖南名菜的辣味特征。同时,基于对湖南省代表性食谱中含辣食品的构成以及湖南省辣味食品人均消费情况的参考分析,综合归纳出湖南名菜辣味的整体特征。采用高效液相色谱法分析测定各调味料中辣椒素、二氢辣椒素的含量,并结合辣度计算和菜谱计重原则,统计出湖南各类名菜的辣度特征。研究表明:辣椒素类物质在所有添加含辣椒素类物质的菜肴中的平均辣度为1.474°,辣椒素类物质在所有菜肴中的平均辣度为0.264°。在湖南辣味菜肴中,“酸辣”味型所占比例最大。

  17. Research on growth rate of Chinese ifr volume model of Hunan province%湖南省杉木材积生长率模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利; 王福生; 管远保; 陶冀; 林辉

    2015-01-01

    The volume growth rate plays an important role on dynamic monitoring of forest resources, limitation of forest harvesting and annual updating of forest resources based on it. In this study, the National Forest Resources Inventory in Hunan Province sixth, seventh review ofifxed sample data as data source, after selection ofifxed sampling data, eliminating the unqualiifed sample data ,and according to the different origin, age group were established model of growth rate, which was used of SPSS software to solve the parameter coordination. In order to eliminate the effect of Heteroscedasticity, the author used the weighted least squares method. Buying calculation the parameters of stability index, after evaluation and testing , selection the optimal model. Research shows that: the model accuracy and reliability are high, high, different origin, age group the growth rate of the accuracy of the model is above 97%, the correlation coefifcient ofR2 is above 0.870. The results for the growth of Chinese Fir plantation in Hunan province provides a scientiifc basis for estimation, and it can provide important data support for the Hunan province forest harvesting quota preparation and management of forest resources.%材积生长率是森林资源动态监测的一项重要内容,是森林采伐限额编制和森林资源档案年度更新重要依据。以国家森林资源连续清查湖南省第6次、第7次复查固定样地数据为数据源,对固定样地数据进行筛选,剔除不合格的样本数据,按不同起源、龄组分别建立生长率模型,利用SPSS软件统一协调求解参数,建立杉木材积生长率模型,采用加权最小二乘法进行拟合,以消除异方差的影响。通过计算各模型的参数稳定性指标,对模型进行全面评价和精度检验,确保最优模型的选择。结果表明:不同起源、龄组的生长率模型精度都在97%以上,相关系数R2都在0.870以上,模型的准确性高,

  18. 湖南森林火灾的灾情区域分异研究%Study of regional divergence of forest fire disaster situation in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉荣; 张贵; 陈爱斌; 林友干

    2012-01-01

    湖南是我国重要的商品林建设基地,但又是中南区森林火灾重灾区,对其森林火灾灾情区域分异规律的认识可为制定和实施森林火灾防灾减灾对策提供科学依据.以森林火灾过火面积作为灾情分析指标,运用基尼系数、行业集中率指数、赫希曼指数及N指数等方法,对湖南2001~2008年度森林火灾灾情的区域分异程度、空间聚集变动特征及其影响因素等内容进行研究.结果表明:(1)湖南森林火灾灾情的区域分异程度呈现出缓慢上升趋势;(2)森林资源丰富的永州、郴州和邵阳等地区森林火灾灾情非常严重,而森林资源贫乏的湘潭、娄底等地森林火灾灾情不严重;(3)森林资源相对贫乏的岳阳和张家界等市森林火灾灾情严重,而森林资源相对丰富的常德和益阳等市森林火灾灾情却并不严重,表现出提高森林防火管理水平可以减少区域森林火灾灾情.%Hunan is the main commercial forests base in our country, but it is also the heavy disaster area of forest fire in Central South China Area. Finding out the regional divergence rule of disaster situation of forest fire in the area can provide a scientific basis for establishing and implementing the countermeasures of forest fire disaster prevention and reduction. The divergence degree, spatial development characteristics and influencing factors etc. of forest fire in Hunan from 2001 to 2008 were studied by taking burned area as index, using Gini's coefficient, CRn, index, HHI index and N index. The results show that (1) the regional divergence degree of forest fire disaster situation had a slow ascending trend in Hunan; (2) the forest fire disasters were very serious in some areas with abundant forestry resources, such as Yongzhou, Chenzhou and Shaoyang and so on; but the severeness of forest fire in Xiangtan and Loudi with poor forestry resources were not in serious state. (3) The forest fire disasters were heavy in

  19. Woman Artist Engages in Children’s Fine Art Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    XIE Lifang was born into a physics professor’s family in Changsha, Hunan Province in 1949 when New China was founded. Living in a place surrounded by beautiful landscape of the Yuelu Mountain, she was fond of painting from her childhood. After she graduated from a junior high school, she was admitted to the Hunan Theatrical School to study stage arts. During the ten years’ chaos of the "cultural revolution," (from 1966 to 1976) the school’s regular education

  20. The Super Girl Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG PEI

    2006-01-01

    @@ In recent years, Changsha,the capital city of Hunan Province, has become famous across China for its innovative TV channel, in particular the cultural phenomenon of the Super Girl talent show. And as far as culture goes, Hunan TV is merely a reflection of a renaissance happening in the city. Animation, music halls, drama festivals and a famous book market are just some of the city's cultural sectors that are benefiting from the fame and notoriety of the Super Girl show.

  1. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>20141283 Bai Daoyuan(Hunan Institute of Geological Survey,Changsha 410016,China);Zhong Xiang Nature,Origin and Tectonic Setting of Jinzhou Basin in the South Segment of Xuefeng Orogen(Geology in China,ISSN1000-3657,CN11-1167/P,40(4),2013,p.1079-1091,10 illus.,47 refs.)Key words:foreland basins,strike-slip faults,Hunan Province

  2. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    20151407 Bai Daoyuan(Hunan Institute of Geology Survey,Changsha 410016,China);Zhong Xiang Study on the Deformation in the Southern Xuefeng Orogenic Belt(Geotectonica et Metallogenia,ISSN1001-1552,CN44-1595/P,38(3),2014,p.512-529,14illus.,71refs.,with English abstract)Key words:orogenic belts,tectonic deformation,Hunan Province

  3. 长沙市城乡老年人日常生活能力调查%Investigation on the activities of daily living for elderly people in Changsha area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云华; 谢玲莉; 谢云; 任森; 蔡宇

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the situation of the activities of daily living(ADL)for elderly people in Changsha,and analyze the influencing factors. Methods Questionnaire survey on ADL was held in 2239 elderly people(ranging from 60 to 91 years old),and the influencing factors including age,sex,family structure,marital status,education level,occupation,common chronic diseases and medical care consciousness were analyzed. Results Going to the toilet irregularly hadthe highest injury rate in physical self-maintenance viability(18.2%).But in instrumental ADL,the highest injury rate occurred while shopping(26.3%).Advanced age,living alone,losing spouse,sickness and the lack of medical care awareness were the major factors that influenced the ADL of the elderly people. Conclusions The ADL is an important indicator which reflects the health condition of elderly people.Advanced age,living alone,losing spouse,having many chronic diseases and lacking in medical care awareness are risk factors.%目的 调查长沙市城乡老年人日常生活能力损害情况,分析其影响因素.方法 采用问卷调查法,对2339名60~91岁的老年人进行日常生活能力调查,分析其性别、年龄、婚姻状况、家庭结构、教育程度、职业、常见慢性病、医疗保健意识对老年人日常生活能力的影响.结果 躯体生活自理能力中,损害率最高的是定时上厕所(18.2%),工具性日常生活能力损害率最高的是购物(26.3%).年龄、丧偶、独居、患病、医疗保健意识缺乏是影响日常生活能力的主要因素.结论 日常生活能力是反映老年人健康状况的重要指标,对高龄、丧偶、独居、患有多种慢性疾病、医疗保健意识缺乏者等老年高危人群应加强健康教育和老年保健,提高其生活质量.

  4. 长沙市开福区小学生肠道寄生虫感染情况调查%Survey of Intestinal Parasite infections Among Primary Students in Kaifu District of Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐华文; 卢懿; 晏强; 邬力祥

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the status intestinal parasitic infection among the pupils in Kaifu District, Changsha City. Methods Totally 657 students form 6 primary schools were studied by using stratified - random sampling method. Questionnaires were used to obtain general information and Kato - Kate technique was employed to investigate the infection rate. Results The total infection rate of intestinal parasitic was only 3.8%. There was no difference in intestinal parasites infection rate between the sexes (χ2 =0.83,P>0.05)or among different grades (x2 =0.99,P>0.05). The infection rates were not exactly the same among urban, suburban and rural samples (χ2 = 13.06, P<0.05). The rates of drinking raw water were different among urban, suburban and rural areas (χ2 = 153.67,P<0.05). Conclusions The intestinal parasitic infection rate of 657 pupils was lower than the latest documents reported. Knowledge about intestinal parasitic prevention should ' be strengthened in rural students.%目的 了解开福区小学生肠道寄生虫感染情况.方法 分层随机抽取6所小学的657名学生,采用问卷调查收集一般信息,采用改良加藤厚涂片法(Kato-Katz)调查感染情况.结果 小学生肠道寄生虫感染率为3.8%,性别间的感染率差异无统计学意义(x2 =0.83,P>0.05);不同年级学生的感染率差异无统计学意义(X2=0.99,P>0.05).城区、城郊、农村的学生感染率不全相同(x2=13.06,P<0.05);不同地域学生的生水饮用率差异有统计学意义(X2=153.67,P<0.05).结论 开福区小学生的肠道寄生虫感染率较低;农村学生感染率高于城区和城郊,应重点加强农村地区小学生肠道寄生虫病的防治工作.

  5. Practice of Performance Appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City%某社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳树立

    2011-01-01

    目的 对长沙市岳麓区望月湖社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践过程进行分析,探讨如何调动基层医务人员参与社区公共卫生服务的积极性.方法 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",利用信息化系统进行监督、管理及绩效考核.结果 公共卫生服务的数量和质量大幅度提高;社区居民满意度越来越高;中心服务人次从日均30人左右,提高至日均200人左右.结论 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",实现公共卫生服务经费"先给数,后给钱;先分发,后回收",全过程利用进行监督、管理及绩效考核,成功调动了基层医务人员参与公共卫生服务的积极性.%Objective To analyze the practice process of performance appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City, and investigate how to mobilize the initiative of the grass - root medical staff to participate in community public health services. Methods The " community health of residents spending cards" were issued,and the work on supervision, management and performance approval was carried out by using the information systems. Results The quantity and quality of public health services greatly were improved, satisfaction of community residents had been increased constantly, the person times of the center services were increased from 30 or so daily to average of 200 daily. Conclusion by issue of " community health of residents spending cards" the public health service funds gets the condition of " amount first and money second; distribution first and callback second". In the whole process, by using " community health service in operation and performance appraisal systems" , supervision, management and performance approval are carried out, which achieves successful mobilization of the grass - root medical staff's enthusiasm for public health services.

  6. 长株潭城市群土壤pH与重金属污染的研究%The Correlation of Heavy Metal with pH in Soils from Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳建华

    2012-01-01

    为了研究土壤样品pH和土壤中重金属含量的相关关系,对长株潭城市群60个土壤样品中pH、有机质含量和重金属含量进行分析.结果表明:长株潭城市群的60个采样点中,13.3%的土壤样品pH<5.0,35%的土壤样品的pH在5.0~6.5之间,41.7%的土壤样品pH在6.5~7.5之间,10%的土壤样品pH在7.5~8.5之间,无强碱性样品.长株潭地区不同土壤pH范围的重金属平均含量不同,随着土壤pH由强酸性、酸性到中性的升高,重金属含量显著提高,但当pH超过7.5,碱性土壤中的重金属含量呈下降趋势.%In order to investigate the correlations of heavy metal with pH in soils, the pH, organic matter contents and heavy metal concentration of 60 soil samples collected from Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration were analyzed. The results showed that, the pH of 13.3% samples were lower than 5.0, 35% of samples were 5.0-6.5, 41.7% of samples were 6.5-7.5 and 10% of samples were 7.5-8.5. In conclusion, different mean heavy metal concentrations in soil samples were achieved during various pH ranges. The heavy metals contents increased significantly with the pH of soils increased from strong acidic, acidic soils to neutral soils. However, the heavy metal contents decreased in alkaline soil samples when the pH over 7.5.

  7. Sensitivity analysis of double-rice yield under climate change in Hunan Province%气候变化背景下湖南省双季稻生产的敏感性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜利; 薛建福; 张冉; 陈中督; 陈阜; 胡赛晶; 张海林

    2015-01-01

    the opposite effect for the late rice. From 1980 to 2012, temperature increase, decrease of precipitation and radiation changed the early rice yield by-0.24%to 3.18%, and temperature increase during vegetative stage increased the early rice yield by 2.63%, and even accelerated the early rice yield by 157.10 kg/hm2. The late rice experienced a severe yield decrease by-4.98%with only temperature change in consideration. The historical climatic change impacted the yield of the early rice and late rice by 2.59% and -6.02%, respectively. These results suggest that the historical climate change during different rice growth stages has changed yields of double-rice in Hunan Province, especially if temperature rose during the growth stages. There is a strong need to assess historical climate change to project possible impacts in the future and identify adaptive technologies for double-rice production in this region.

  8. Analysis of Components of Rice Cost in Hunan Province%湖南省稻谷成本构成要素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范丹蓉; 夏卫生; 胡贤辉; 刘业辉; 谢炳庚

    2011-01-01

    为了充分调动农民的种粮积极性,达到同工同酬的目的,通过大量现场调研并对湖南省典型地区生产成本、销售成本和政府补贴的综合计算和分析提出具有可操作性的直接补贴参考标准。结果表明,早、中、晚稻的生产成本存在明显的类型差异性和地区差异性,特别是地区差异非常显著;最高地区的日工资为71元,还未达到市场工资标准,但已是最低地区的2.6倍;为了达到同工同酬的目标,有必要实施地区差异性补贴。拟将湖南省各地区分为4个梯度,进行差异性补贴,使日工资基本接近,从而缩小农村内部的贫富差距,提高农民生产的积极性。%To stimulate farmers’initiatives effectively and to make sure that people get the same amount of wage for doing the same kind of work,a criterion of direct subsidies was provided on the basis of lots of field work.Calculation and analysis of the typical areas of Hunan Province based on the production cost,cost of sales and government subsidies indicated that in terms of production cost of early,middle and late rice,significant differences in types and areas were found.Differences among areas were especially noticeable.The highest daily wage of some areas,though failed to reach the standard wage set by the market,was 2.6 times that of other areas,which was at the bottom.Therefore,to make sure that people in different areas get the same amount of wage for doing the same kind of work,it is quite necessary to implement the differentiated subsidy policy.And at this stage,in order to narrow the financial gap among farmers and to stimulate farmers' initiatives,this program plans to divide Hunan Province into four districts of various production-cost gradients,so as to implement the differentiated subsidy policy well.

  9. 湖南白族学生体质量指数分析%Analysis on the body mass index of Bai nationality students in Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大元; 张惠娟; 石慧娟; 龚兴牡; 梁成青

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the distribution of body mass index ( BMI) and nutrient status of Bai nationality students aged 6 - 16 years old in Hunan province.Methods: The body height and weight of Bai nationality students were measured by anthropological method, and the BMI was calculated by formula.Results: The averages of BMI gradually increased with age increasing.Before 11 years old, the average of girls'BMI surpassed to that of boys', however, after 12 years old, the average of the boys'exceeded that of girls' The average of Bai nationality students'BMI was higher than that of Han ones of nationwide in 2000, however, was lower than that of Kazak ones in the same period.There was significant difference between boys and girls in nutritional status.Conclusion: The general nutrition status of Bai nationality students in Hunan province is good.However, the phenomena of malnutrition, overweight and obesity still exist in the Bai nationality students, nutrition education should be strengthened in students from primary and middle school.%目的:了解6 ~16岁湖南白族学生体质量指数分布特征及其营养现状.方法:应用人体测量法测量白族学生的身高和体质量,用公式计算体质量指数.结果:白族学生的BMI值随年龄增长呈现逐年增加趋势;11岁以前,女生的BMI均值低于男生,12岁后又高于男生;白族学生的BMI值高于2000年全国汉族学生,低于同期哈萨克族学生,白族男生和女生营养状况差异有统计学意义.结论:6~16岁湖南白族学生总体营养状况良好,但仍有营养不良、超重肥胖现象存在,应继续加强中小学生的营养教育.

  10. Early cancer screening and treatment in Changsha,China:assessment for 2012-2013%长沙市2012~2013年城市居民癌症筛查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢强明; 刘鲲; 陈姗

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过在城市人群中开展肺癌、乳腺癌、大肠癌、上消化道癌和肝癌等常见癌症高危人群的评估、筛查和早诊早治工作,探索早诊早治适宜技术,努力遏制城市癌症高发的势头。方法按照国家癌症中心统一制定的高危人群评估问卷对长沙市5个辖区的40~69岁常住居民开展问卷调查,并录入高危评估软件进行癌症高危评估,对评估为癌症的高危人群采用低剂量螺旋CT、乳腺超声、乳腺钼靶,腔镜(胃镜、肠镜)、指示性病例活检、AFP及肝脏超声检查等技术开展相应的癌症筛查。结果实施癌症高危人群评估50000人,共开展高危人群癌症筛查10136人次,其中肺部、肝脏、乳腺、上消化道(食管和胃)、大肠分别筛查3220人次、3109人次、2057人次、1018人次、732人次。筛查出癌前病变1279例,癌前病变阳性率为12.62%;检出可疑癌症患者47例,癌症筛查阳性率为0.46%。其中肺部癌前病变902例,阳性率为28.01%,癌变15例,阳性率为0.47%;肝脏癌前病变4例,阳性率为0.13%,癌变9例,阳性率为0.29%;乳腺癌癌前病变244例,阳性率为11.86%,癌变16例,阳性率为0.78%;上消化道癌癌前病变23例,阳性率为2.26%,癌变2例,阳性率为0.20%;大肠癌癌前病变106例,阳性率为14.48%,癌变5例,阳性率为0.68%。结论开展癌症早诊早治工作,能有效探索癌症防控新技术、新机制,有利于早期发现癌症,提高患者的早期诊治率、生存率和生存质量,降低癌症发病率。%Objective To examine whether early cancer diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the increasing incidence of cancer in cities,we evaluated the results of a survey in Changsha,China concerning the detection and treatment of common cancers of the lung,breast,colon,upper gastrointestinal tract and liver. Methods A survey of residents aged 40-69 years in five

  11. Sleep quality and its influence factors among middle school students in Changsha city%长沙市中学生睡眠质量及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严虎; 陈晋东; 赵丽萍; 朱薇薇; 伍海姗

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study sleep quality and its related factors among middle school students in Changsha city,and to provide evidence for improving sleeping status of the students.Methods Totally 2 216 middle school students in Changsha city were selected with cluster sampling and surveyed with questionnaires including a self-designed general questionnaire,Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI),Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC) and SelfEsteem Scale(SES).Results The overall prevalence of sleep problems was 14.4% in the students and the mean score of PSQI was 4.90 ± 2.55.The sleep problems of the rural students and the senior high school students were worse than those in the urban students and the junior school students(P <0.01).The total score of PSQI was positively correlated with age,family violence,negative life event,and the score of self-esteem (r = 0.051-0.316,P < 0.05) and inversely correlated with familial economic status,family relationship and strict parents (r =-0.202-0.071,P <0.01).The factors influencing the quality of sleep in the students included negative life events (β = 0.260),junior or senior student (β = 0.166),family relationship (β =-0.128),the score of self-esteem (β = 0.112),strict parents (β =-0.081),and familial economic status (β = 0.081).Conclusion Sleep quality of middle school students is related to multiple factors and effective measures should be taken to promote physical and mental health of middle school students.%目的 了解湖南省长沙市中学生睡眠质量及其影响因素,为采取有效措施改善中学生睡眠质量提供参考.方法 采取分层整群随机抽样方法,对长沙市2 216名中学生进行自制问卷、匹兹堡睡眠质量指数、青少年生活事件量表和自尊量表测评.结果 长沙市中学生PSQI总分为(4.90±2.548)分,睡眠问题检出率为14.4%,其中农村中学生和高中学生睡眠问题分别高于城

  12. 生态文明建设背景下的土地循环利用评价研究——以长沙市为例%Under the Background of Ecological Civilization Construction of the Circulation Land Use Evaluation Research——Taking Changsha as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马依吟; 关欣

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, based on defining the concept of ecologi-cal civilization, land recycling and internal relations, got help from the statistical data for 2011-2015 in Changsha, principal compo-nent analysis was used for the purpose of building Changsha land recycling evaluation system, and the level of development of their land recycling was evaluated. The results showed that:the level of development of Changsha Land recycling was upgraded; In 2011-2015 Land recycling levels increased year by year, After 2013, the growth rate reached a maximum. Economic factors was a major limiting factor which have hinderd land recycling; urban planning development was lack of scientific and feasibility. Finally: the local government to establish a new economic outlook, scientific planning was the fundamental way; strictly controled of new construction land approval and establish eco-industrial park, was conducive to enhancing the utilization of land resources.%本文在生态文明和土地循环利用的概念和内在关系基础上,借助长沙市2011-2015年统计数据,利用主成分分析法构建长沙市土地循环利用评价体系,评价其土地循环利用发展水平. 并提出:长沙市土地循环利用的水平不断提升;2011-2015年土地循环利用水平逐年上升, 2013年以后增长幅度达到最大值. 经济因素是阻碍土地循环利用的主要限制因素;城市规划发展缺乏科学性和可行性. 并提出:地方政府树立新的经济观、科学规划是根本途径;严控新增建设用地审批和建立生态工业园,有利于提升土地资源的利用率.

  13. Analysis on first CD4+T lymphocytes test results and influence factors of newly-reported HIV-Ab positive locals in Changsha city%长沙市2010年新报告本地HIV抗体阳性者首次CD4+T淋巴细胞检测结果及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单飞; 黄竹林

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解长沙市新报告本地HIV抗体阳性者免疫状况及影响因素.方法 对2010年长沙市新报告本地HIV抗体阳性者进行首次CD4+T淋巴细胞检测,所得资料用Excel和SPSS软件进行数据处理和分析.结果 研究对象CD4+T淋巴细胞计数平均值为(416.79±198.91)个/μl,其中≤350个/μl的占38.4% (58/151);婚姻状况和职业与CD4+T淋巴细胞检测结果负相关(P<0.05),且前者对CD4+T淋巴细胞检测结果的影响更大.结论 长沙市HIV病例发现较晚,加大主动发现感染者的力度,能减轻其医疗负担,提高其治疗效果和生活质量.适度的工作、充分的营养、合理的锻炼、规律的生活、良好的心态有利于HIV感染后免疫功能的维持.%OBJECTIVE To understand the immune status and influence factors of newly-reported HIV-Ab positive locals in Changsha city.METHODS The newly-reported HIV-Ab positive locals in Changsha city in 2010 were tested for CD4+T lymphocytes for first time.The data collected were processed and analyzed with Excel and SPSS.RESULTS The mean value of CD4+T lymphocytes counts of subjects was (416.79 ± 198.91) cells/μl,38.4% (58/151) of them had counts below 350cells/μl.Marital status and occupation had a negative correlation with CD4+T lymphocytes test results,and the former had a greater influence.CONCLUSION HIV cases in Changsha city are found later.Active efforts should be exerted to find more infectors to reduce their medical burden and improve their therapeutic effect and quality of life.Moderate work,full nutrition,reasonable exercise,a regular life and good state of mind are helpful to maintain immune function after HIV infection.

  14. On Force Mechanism of Corruption Prevention in Hunan%湖南预防腐败合力机制探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘湘武

    2012-01-01

    腐败现象作为剥削阶级和剥削制度的产物,它的本质是指国家公务人员借职务之便获取个人利益,从而使国家政治生活发生病态变化的过程。简言之就是权力私有化。通过分析近年来湖南省预防腐败出现困境的原因,试图从预防腐败的文化培育、健全法律法规、体制机制创新等,构建湖南预防腐败的合力机制。%Corruption is the product of the exploiting class and the exploiting system. Its essence is that state officials seek personal gains by taking advantage of their positions to lead to pathological changes of national political life. In short, it means privatization of public power. Through the causal analysis of corruption prevention in Hunan province in recent years, the paper proposes to prevent corruption from culture, perfect laws and regulations and reform the system mechanism to construct the inte~ated corruption nrevention mechanism.

  15. Ten newly recorded species of spermatophyte in Hunan Province%10种湖南省种子植物新记录种

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建军; 周电; 黎明; 周辉; 刘应志; 喻勋林

    2015-01-01

    记述了湖南省种子植物分布新纪录种10种。这些新记录种隶属于7科、10属,分别是山卷耳、思茅厚皮香、迎春樱桃、西桦、嵩明省沽油、山东万寿竹、海南蜘蛛抱蛋、广西柳叶箬、蛊羊茅、卵花甜茅等。%Ten species of spermatophyte reported for the first time in Hunan Province are newly recorded,which belong to seven families and ten genera.including Cerastium pusillum Ser.,Ternstroemia simaoensis L.K.Ling,Cerasus dis-coidea Yu et Li ,Betula alnoides Buch.-Ham.ex D.Don,Staphylea forrestii Balf.f.,Disporum smilacina A.Gray , Aspidistra hainanensis W.Y.Chun &F.C.How ,Isachne guangxiensis W.Z.Fang ,Festuca fascinata Keng ex S.L. Lu ,Glyceria tonglensis C.B.Clarke.

  16. 湖南省蚱总科的调查(直翅目)%A survey of Tetrigoidea from Hunan province (Orthoptera)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑哲民

    2014-01-01

    5 families,19 genera and 36 species of Tetrigoidea from Hunan province are recorded in the present study,among them three species are new to science,i.e.Mazarredia hupingshanen-sis sp.nov.,Mazarredia hunanensis sp.nov.and Aalatettix hupingshanensis sp.nov. Mazarredia hupingshanensis sp.nov.is allied to Mazarredia convexa Deng,Zheng & Wei, 2007,but differs in:1)width of frontal ridge which between antennae is wider than that of first segment of antenna;2)upper margin of pronotum with slightly wave-like in profile;3)hind process of pronotum reaching the top of hind femur;4)lower margin of midfemur straight;5) lower outer side of hind femur with no black;6)hind tibia with brown. Length of body:♂6 mm;length of pronotum:♂6 mm;length of hind femur:♂5 mm. Holotype ♂,Hunan:Shimen(Hupingshan),17-Sept.-2004,collected by Wang Ji-Liang. Mazarredia hunanensis sp.nov.is allied to Mazarredia platynota Zheng et Ou,2010,but differs in:1 )vertex and frontal ridge forming an obtuse rounded in profile;2)frontal ridge slightly concave before lateral oculus in profile;3)lateral oculus being in the middle of the anteri-or margin of eyes;4)upper margin of pronotum slightly wave-like before shoulders and straight behind it in profile;5)width of midfemur is narrower than the width of tegmina;6)lower outer side of hind femur with no black;7)hind tibia brown. Length of body:♀9 mm;length of pronotum:♀10 mm;length of hind femur:♀5.2 mm. Holotype ♀,Hunan:Yuangling,1-Sept.-2004,collected by Wang Ji-Liang. Aalatettix hupingshanensis sp.nov.is allied to Aalatettix leshanensis Zheng,Cao & Chen, 2011 and Aalatettix cangshanensis Zheng,Lin & Zhang,2013.It differs from both in:1)vertex and frontal ridge forming a rounded in profile;2)upper margin of pronotum nearly straight in profile;3)hind process of pronotum reaching knee of hind femur.The new species also differs from A.cangshanensis in:1)vertex protruding before the anterior margin of eyes in dorsal view;2)lower margin of midfemur

  17. Tectonic property and deformation history of Sangzhi-Shimen synclinorium corridor profile in western margin region of Hunan-hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭建华; 王明艳; 朱美衡; 刘学锋; 张或丹; 刘辰生

    2004-01-01

    The Sangzhi-Shimen synclinorium, which is in the western margin region of the Hunan-Hubei Province and as the southeast part of the middle Yangtze platform, is a second-level tectonics unit in the south of this region.Along the profile, it can be divided into 5 third-level structure belts. By the comprehensive interpretation of seismic data and magnetotelluric (MT) sounding data, it is found that the surface structure is not in accordance with that of the underground, and this un-coordination can be conducted by many decollement surfaces between the layers.There are three periods of deformation in its geo-history in this region: before the early Yanshan stage, during the early Yanshan stage and after the early Yanshan stage, while the main deformation period is during the early Yanshan stage. And the mechanism of deformation is the thrust faults in basement, which are controlled by many decollements, in addition to the decollement of the cap-rock.

  18. Superior Effects of Antiretroviral Treatment among Men Who have Sex with Men Compared to Other HIV At-Risk Populations in a Large Cohort Study in Hunan, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu Su

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study assesses association between CD4 level at initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART on subsequent treatment outcomes and mortality among people infected with HIV via various routes in Hunan province, China. Over a period of 10 years, a total of 7333 HIV-positive patients, including 553 (7.5% MSM, 5484 (74.8% heterosexuals, 1164 (15.9% injection drug users (IDU and 132 (1.8% former plasma donors (FPD, were recruited. MSM substantially demonstrated higher initial CD4 cell level (242, IQR 167–298 than other populations (Heterosexuals: 144 IQR 40–242, IDU: 134 IQR 38–224, FPD: 86 IQR 36–181. During subsequent long-term follow up, the median CD4 level in all participants increased significantly from 151 cells/mm3 (IQR 43–246 to 265 cells/mm3 (IQR 162–380, whereas CD4 level in MSM remained at a high level between 242 and 361 cells/mm3. Consistently, both cumulative immunological and virological failure rates (10.4% and 26.4% in 48 months, respectively were the lowest in MSM compared with other population groups. Survival analysis indicated that initial CD4 counts ≤200 cells/mm3 (AHR = 3.14; CI, 2.43–4.06 significantly contributed to HIV-related mortality during treatment. Timely diagnosis and treatment of HIV patients are vital for improving CD4 level and health outcomes.

  19. 湖南省县域水稻的区域比较优势研究%Regional Comparative Advantage of Rice in the Countries of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓平洋; 曾福生

    2013-01-01

    通过综合比较优势指数法构建效率优势指数、规模优势指数以及综合比较优势指数3个指标,对湖南省122个县(市/区)在2000~2011年这12a的水稻比较优势进行了测定,根据综合比较优势指数形成的原因,将各县(市/区)的水稻综合比较优势划为3类:效率型、规模型和平衡型水稻种植优势区域;在优势区域划分的基础上提出了相应的水稻种植发展对策建议.%Using the comprehensive comparative advantage index method,three indicators,including efficiency advantage index,the scale advantages index and aggregated advantage index,were constructed to determine the comparative advantage of rice in 122 counties of Hunan Province from 2000 to 2011.According to the forming reasons of comprehensive comparative advantage indices,the comprehensive comparative advantage of rice in each county (city/district) was divided into three types,efficiency type,scale type and balance type.Then,the corresponding strategies and suggestions were put forward for development of rice planting.

  20. Single Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb Dating of the Guandimiao and Wawutang Granitic Plutons in Hunan, South China and Its Petrogenetic Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Weifeng; CHEN Peirong; ZHOU Xinmin; HUANG Hongye; DING Xing; SUN Tao

    2007-01-01

    The Guandimao and Wawutang plutons are located at the center of Hunan, South China.The former is mainly composed of biotite monzonitic granites/granodiorites and two-mica monzonitic granites, but the latter only consists of biotite monzonitic granites. The zircon ages of 203.0±1.6 Ma (biotite monzonitic granites) and 208.0±3.2 Ma (two-mica monzonitic granites) for the Guandimao pluton and 204±3 Ma for the Wawutang pluton obtained with the LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating indicate that they were formed during the late Indosinian. In consideration of other geochronological data from Indosinlan rocks of South China and adjacent regions, it is inferred that the two plutons were derived from crustal materials by decompressional melting in a post-collisional tectonic setting during spontaneous thinning of the thickened curst. Moreover, the inherited zircon age of 1273±k57 Ma from the Wawutang pluton indicates that the source of the two plutons is related to the early Proterozoic crustal basement.

  1. LA-ICPMS Zircon U-Pb Dating for Three Indosinian Granitic Plutons from Central Hunan and Western Guangdong Provinces and Its Petrogenetic Implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Bingxia; WANG Yuejun; FAN Weiming; PENG Touping; LIANG Xinquan

    2006-01-01

    The LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb geochronology of three typically Indosinian granitic plutons yielded weighted mean 206Pb/238U ages of 214.1±5.9 Ma and 210.3±4.7 Ma for the biotite monzonitic granites from the Xiema and Xiangzikou plutons in Hunan Province, and 205.3±1.6 Ma for biotite granite from the Napeng pluton, western Guandong Province, respectively, showing a similar late Indosinian age of crystallization. In combination with other geochronological data from Indosinian granites within the South China Block (SCB), it is proposed that those late Indosinian granites with an age of ~210 Ma and the early Indosinian granites (230-245 Ma) have the similar petrogenesis in identical tectonic setting. The Indosinian granites within the SCB might be the products of anatexis of the thickening crust in a compressive regime. These data provide a further understanding for the temporal and spatial distribution of the Indosinian granites and the dynamic evolution of the SCB.

  2. On Developing Countermeasures for Tourism Circular Economy in Hunan%论湖南旅游循环经济发展对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佩良

    2011-01-01

    随着大众旅游的兴起,旅游对生态环境的负面影响日益加剧,旅游循环经济应运而生,湖南发展旅游循环经济具有重要意义。要树正新的旅游发展理念,遵循3R原则,充分调动政府、旅游企业、旅游者、社区居民的积极性,开展清洁生产与绿色消费,促进湖南旅游业与社会可持续发展。%With the rising of mass-tourism, tourism's negative impacts on the ecological environment have become increasingly evident, and tourism circular economy has come into being. Tourism circular economy is important for Hunan. The following strategies can promote sustainable development of Hunan's tourism and society, such as establishing new tourism development concepts, following the 3R principle, fully mobilizing the government, tourism businesses, tourists, community residents to participate in and carry out clean-production and green consumption.

  3. Research on the growth orientation of pyrite grains in the colloform textures in Baiyunpu Pb-Zn polymetallic deposit, Hunan, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Shang; Huang, Fei; Gu, Xiangping; Chen, Zhenyu; Xing, Miaomiao; Li, Yongli

    2017-02-01

    A large number of colloform-textured pyrites were found in Baiyunpu Pb-Zn ore bodies in Xinshao County, Hunan, China. This study investigates the growth orientation of the pyrite grains in these structures by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), in situ micro X-ray diffraction (μXRD) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). The growth proceeded from micro-crystalline cores in the colloform textures. Moreover, the pyrite layers were discrete and separated by locally significant quantities of galena and calcite. The μXRD results suggested clear crystalline characteristics and weakly preferred orientations of the colloform textures. EBSD confirmed that the pyrite grains exist preferred orientations or in the layered zones. According to the crystal growth theory, the formation and variation of crystal preferred orientations (CPOs) in pyrite are mainly restricted by the internal crystal structure of the pyrite and depends on the external environment conditions, such as trace element concentrations and the supersaturation degree. We inferred the evolutionary regularity of lattice planes with different indices in the pyrite crystal structure from morphological, compositional and growth orientation information, which reflect the crystal growth history of the colloform pyrite. This study will advance our understanding of the growth processes of colloform pyrite and environmental evolution in the Baiyunpu Pb-Zn polymetallic deposits.

  4. A land use-based spatial analysis method for human health risk assessment of heavy metals in soil and its application in Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振兴; 虢清伟; 杨志辉; 孙国庆; 叶万生; 胡习邦

    2016-01-01

    A land use- and geographical information system-based framework was presented for potential human health risk analysis using soil sampling data obtained in Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province, China. The results show that heavy metal content in soil significantly differs among different land use types. In total, 8.3% of the study area has a hazard index (HI) above the threshold of 1.0. High HIs are recorded mainly for industrial areas. Arsenic (>87%) and the soil ingestion pathway (about 76%) contribute most to the HI. The mean standardized error and root-mean-square standardized error data indicate that the land use-based simulation method provides more accurate estimates than the classic method, which applies only geostatistical analysis to entire study area and disregards land use information. The findings not only highlight the significance of industrial land use, arsenic and the soil ingestion exposure pathway, but also indicate that evaluating different land use-types can spatially identify areas of greater concern for human health and better identify health risks.

  5. Traffic-related heavy metals uptake by wild plants grow along two main highways in Hunan Province, China: effects of soil factors, accumulation ability, and biological indication potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Yunbo; Dai, Qingyun; Jiang, Kang; Zhu, Yun; Xu, Bibo; Peng, Chuan; Wang, Tengfei; Zeng, Guangming

    2016-07-01

    This study was performed to investigate pollution of traffic-related heavy metals (HMs-Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, and Cd) in roadside soils and their uptake by wild plants growing along highways in Hunan Province, China. For this, we analyzed the concentration and chemical fractionation of HMs in soils and plants. Soil samples were collected with different depths in the profile and different distances from highway edge. And leaves and barks of six high-frequency plants were collected. Results of the modified European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) showed that the mobile fraction of these HMs was in the order of Cd > Pb > Zn > Cu > Cr. A high percentage of the mobile fraction indicates Cd, Pb, and Zn were labile and available for uptake by wild plants. The total concentration and values of risk assessment code (RAC) showed that Cd was the main risk factor, which were in the range high to very high risk. The accumulation ability of HMs in plants was evaluated by the biological accumulation factor (BAF) and the metal accumulation index (MAI), and the results showed that all those plant species have good phyto-extraction ability, while accumulation capacity for most HMs plants tissues was bark > leaf. The highest MAI value (5.99) in Cinnamomum camphora (L) Presl indicates the potential for bio-monitoring and a good choice for planting along highways where there is contamination with HMs.

  6. Two new species of Vestrogothia (Phosphatocopina,Crustacea) of Orsten-type preservation from the Upper Cambrian in western Hunan,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG HuaQiao; DONG XiPing

    2009-01-01

    Although fossils of Orsten-type preservation represented by Skaracarida and Phosphatocopina were first reported from the Middle and Upper Cambrian in western Hunan,South China in 2005,diversified phosphatocopine species have never been appropriately described and elucidated in terms of their evolutionary relationships.Here,we described two new species of Phosphatocopina,Vestrogothia anterispinata sp.nov.and V.bispinata sp.nov.The evolutionary relationship among all the valid spe-cies of Phosphatocopina is discussed and the phylogeny of Phosphatocopina is reestablished using cladistic analysis.Accordingly,phosphatocopines primitively evolved along two lineages:one evolved towards the emergence of lobes; the other evolved towards the emergence of dorsal spines.Respec-tively,lobes originated independently three times,and dorsal spines originated only once.With regard to the dorsal rims,interdorsum originated first,whereas dorsal furrow originated independently twice on the basis of interdorsum.Probably Hesslandona may represent a polyphyletic group,whereas Vestrogothia a monophyletic group.

  7. 湘西苗族服饰文化及其开发%On the Culture of Miao Dvess and Its Development in Western Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卿少宁

    2011-01-01

    从旅游学的角度出发,在分析云南少数民族服饰文化资源的特点走向市场化的基础上,借鉴云南少数民族服饰的艺术审美及其深刻的文化内涵,分析了湘西苗族服饰的款式特点,并根据当前我国及世界高端服装产业的特征和发展动态结合湘西服饰的特点以高端定做的市场进一步提出了湘西苗族服饰文化资源旅游开发的策略以及应注意的问题。%Starting from the angle of tourism and on the basis of the analysis of the features of Yunnan minority costume culture towards marketization,as well as its aesthetic and profound cultural connotation, this paper analyzes the styles of Miao dress in Western Hunan. According to the current features of fashion industry and the development trend of Miao dress,this paper also puts forward the strategies and problems so as to, develop the marketable and fashionable tourism costumes.

  8. Analysis of high yield formation of rapeseed in Hunan province and high-yield cultivation measures%湖南高产油菜的产量构成特点及主要栽培措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官春云; 谭太龙; 王国槐; 王峰; 官梅

    2011-01-01

    对2008-2009年参加湖南省油菜高产创建活动的高产田块产量及其形成特点进行分析.结果表明:平均产量为3084 kg/hm2的油菜田块角果数为6.522×107个/hm2,每果粒数为20.5粒,千粒重4.077 g;冬前苗单株绿叶数约10片,单株总叶数16片,最大叶长近45 cm,叶宽18 cm,干物质产量为4 841.85 kg/hm2;盛花期株高为136 cm,主茎总节数31.8节,主茎绿叶数17片,第一片无柄叶长28.8 cm,宽13 cm,10 cm以上分枝数10.6个,干物质产量为11 225.1 kg/hm2;成熟期株高为180 cm,分枝数11个,干物质产量(去角果)为9 118.65 kg/hm2.高产田块主要栽培措施为:9月7-15日播种,培育壮苗,10月10-25 日移栽;土壤肥力中等,精细整地;施用45%高效复合肥450~750 kg/hm2,另加15 kg/hm2硼肥作底肥,苗期适当追施尿素;或施优质农家肥1.5×104kg/hm2,25%复合肥375 kg/hm2,加15 kg/hm2硼肥作底肥,苗期适当追施尿素150~225 kg/hm2;种植密度1.2× 105株/hm2,及时灌排水和防治病虫草害等.%According to the analysis of yield level and yield characteristics of typical block in Hunan province in 2008-2009, preliminary results are obtained. Yield components and physiological index in different growth stages of rapeseed yielded around 3 084 kg/hm2 in Hunan are: number of siliques is 6.522 × 107/hm2, seed number is 20.5/ silique, thousand grain weight of rapeseed is 4.077 g. Green leaf number per plant in seedlings before winter (1/10) is nearly 10, total leaf number is 16, maximum leaf length nearly 45 cm, leaf width 18 cm, dry matter yield before winter is 4 841.85 kg/ hm2. Plant height in florescence stage is 136 cm, nodes number on the main stalk is 31.8, green leaf number on the main stalk is 17, first piece of sessile leaf length is 28.8 cm, width 13 cm, branch quantity (≥10 cm)is 10.6, the total mass of dry matter is 11 225.1 kg/hm2. Plant height in maturity stage is 180 cm, number of branch quantity is 11 and total amount of dry matter (silique

  9. City Wetland Landscape Dynamic Changes of Changsha Based on"3S" Technology%基于"3S"技术的长沙市城市湿地景观动态变化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靖磊; 胡曰利; 杨立

    2008-01-01

    在"3S"技术的支持下,以1998年1:10000地形图影象和2004年quick bird 遥感图影象为数据,结合2007年5月实地调查所得数据,首次分析了长沙市10年来城市湿地的景观格局变化.结果表明,十年间城市湿地总面积减少,湿地景观多样性指数下降,优势度指数增加,均匀度指数下降,水体污染不断加剧,湿地保护不容乐观.

  10. Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Influenza A H1N1 in Changsha City based on GIS%基于地理信息系统的长沙市2009年甲型H1N1流感的空间分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海翔; 肖洪; 田怀玉; 李芳; 陈田木

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To study the spatial and temporal characteristics and laws of Influenza A H1 N1 in Changsha City and provide scientific evidence for effective prevention and control of Influenza A H1N1. [ Methods ] The incidence data of Influenza A H1N1 from each subdistrict of Changsha City were collected for analysis of spatial and temporal characteristics in 2009. Arc GIS was apphed to draw its incidence, and its spatial aggregation and partial autocorrelation were analyzed by spatial statistical method. [ Results ] The map of disease incidence and Moran's I showed that Influenza A H1N1 in Changsha City was scattered,that was to say,the areas with high incidence and the ones with low incidence of Influenza A V H1N1 were adjacent and the areas which were adjacent were not similar. And G statistic analysis showed the 3 highest incidence of hot spots which were Juzizhou Subdistrict, Hongshan Subdistrict and Wanglu Subdistrict. The towns and subdistrict located far from the downtown were the places with lower incidence o Influenza A H1N1 is lower. [ Conclusion]The incidence of Influenza A H1N1 of Changsha City is obviously geographically distributed.%目的 研究长沙市甲型H1N1流感空间分布特征和规律,为甲型H1N1流感的有效防控提供科学依据.方法 收集2009年长沙市各街道甲型H1N1流感发病资料,分析其时间和空间分布特征,运用ArcGIS对其发病率进行绘制,并用空间统计方法,分析甲型H1N1流感的空间聚集性及局部自相关性.结果 发病率图和Moran's I空间自相关分析均显示,长沙市甲型H1N1流感呈分散分布,高发病率和低发病率相邻,相邻区域具有不相似的现象.G统计分析指出甲型H1N1流感的3个高发热点区域:橘子洲街道、洪山街道和望麓街道,远离市中心的乡镇和街道为甲型H1N1流感发病相对较低的地区.结论 长沙市甲型H1N1流感具有明显的地理分布特征.

  11. 基于格式塔的景观意象美浅析--以长沙橘子洲头公园为例%Analysis of Landscape Image beauty Based on the Gestalt--Take the Changsha Orange Isle Park as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓冰旎

    2014-01-01

    景观设计中,格式塔完形性结合景观意象美方面的研究却寥若星辰。本文从完形性的角度出发,以改造后的长沙橘子洲头公园景观为探究对象,探讨格式塔心理学和诗词绘画在景观设计的意象美构建中的运用。%In the landscape design, the research of Gestalt combines with landscape images is very bare. From aspect of Gestalt and based on the landscape of Changsha Orange Isle Park after transforming, this article discusses the application of Gestalt psychology and poetry painting in the process of building the imaginative beauty for landscape design.

  12. Study on Comprehensive Evaluation Method of Dual-oriented Society Environmental Logistics Development Level Based on Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration%长株潭城市群两型社会绿色物流发展水平综合评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭毓东; 郝祖涛

    2013-01-01

    The paper constructs an environmental logistics evaluation indicator system based on Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration dual - oriented society on the existing research basis, and uses the analytic hierarchy process to adjust the indicator weight coefficient, and uses comprehensive evaluation method to acquire more objective, reasonable evaluation results of environmental logistics development level.%在现有绿色物流评价指标体系研究的基础上,构建适用于长株潭城市群两型社会的绿色物流评价指标体系,利用层次分析法来调整相应的权重系数,使用综合评价方法得出较为客观、合理的绿色物流发展水平评价结果.

  13. A control study on mental health of migrant children in Changsha%长沙市某小学进城务工农民子女心理状况的对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雷音; 罗学荣; 何益群; 曾伟文

    2013-01-01

    .00、53.00、18.00、33.00、10.00、10.00分,显著低于对照组(53.00、59.00、19.00、34.50、12.00、12.00;Z=-4.090,P =0.000;Z=-4.884,P =0.000;Z=-2.074,P=0.038;Z=-2.109,P=0.035;Z=-3.586,P=0.000;Z=-4.067,P=0.000).结论 长沙市进城务工农民子女存在明显的行为和情绪问题,社交情况不良,学习成绩差,社会能力不足;自我意识普遍性低.%Objective To assess the mental health of the migrant children in Changsha.Methods According to the residency registration and gender proportion,using a random number table to sample,migrant children(n =231) and urban children(n =231) were selected from children aged 8-12 years in grade 3 to 6 from a primary school in Changsha.The Child Behaviour Checklist,Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED),Depression Self Rating Scale for Children (DSRSC),Children's Self-concept Scale (CSCS) and Egna Minnen Betraffande Uppfostran (EMBU) were used to assess the mental health of subjects.Chi-square analysis,nonparametric test and multiple linear regression were used to analyze data.Results (1) Compared to the urban children,migrant children had significantly higher median scores of social withdrawal (2.00 vs.1.00,Z =-3.443,P =0.001),attention problems (3.00vs.2.00,Z=-2.309,P=0.021),internalizing problems (4.00 vs.2.00,Z=-2.139,P=0.032) and the total problems (13.50 vs.11.00,Z =-2.125,P =0.034) with lower median scores of school (5.00 vs.5.00,Z=-4.304,P=0.000),social(7.00 vs.8.00,Z=-4.046,P=0.000) and social competence(17.33 vs.18.80,Z =-3.294,P =0.001).(2) The median scores of the migrant children were significantly higher for somatic/panic(3.00 vs.2.00,Z =-4.017,P =0.000),generalized anxiety (4.00 vs.3.00,Z=-2.178,P=0.029),schoolphobia(1.00vs.0,Z=-3.120,P=0.002),total anxiety (17.00 vs.14.00,Z=-3.189,P=0.001) and depression(ll.00 vs.9.00,Z=-4.413,P=0.000) than that of the urban children.(3) The migrant children had significantly lower median scores of behavioral adjustment(13.00 vs.14

  14. The Wind Simulation and Optimization of Square-type High-rise Residential Area Space Layout: Taking Changsha as an Example%围合式高层住区空间布局的风模拟比较与优化——以长沙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛; 焦胜; 乐地

    2012-01-01

    The wind environment simulation of the typical square-type high-rise residential areas in Changsha has been applied Fluent, a software that can convey a fluid simulation. By the end of the simulation, we summarize both the weaknesses and the advantages of the total plane of each residential area's airing conditions. During the simulation, we make some adjustments on example 1 and carry the second comparative simulation according to the airing potential and the optimized elements of the space placement in each residential area. Based on the result of the second simulation, we work out the better opening direction of the residential area, and thus carry the third comparative simulation with the example 2. As a result of the third simulation, we figure out the better space placement of the residential area, hoping that this survey can attribute references to the green design of Changsha's high-rise residential area.%运用流体模拟计算软件Fluent对长沙地区典型的围舍式高层住区实例进行风环境模拟,得出各住区总平面上通风现状中的优势与不足.根据围合式住区中各空间布局模式的通风潜力及可优化因素,首先从总平面开口方向着手调整实例一后进行二次对比模拟,验证得出较优化的住区开口方向,再从住区空间布局方面做实例二的比较模拟,得出较优化的空间布局方式,以期为长沙地区高层住区的绿色设计提供参考.

  15. GC/MS结合保留指数分析湖南芹菜籽挥发油成分%Analysis of Essential Oil from Hunan Celery Seeds by GC/MS Combined with Retention Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾琼瑶; 龚瑞莹; 杨海玲; 庞永诚

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the chemical compositions and their relative contents of essential oil from Hunan celery seeds.MethodsEssential oil from Hunan celery seeds was extracted by simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE),and then the essential oil components in Hunan celery seed extract were analyzed by GC/MS. The essential compositions were identified by matching the calculated retention index(RI)obtained with Nist11 mass spectrometry library search to the RI from essential oil database. Their relative contents were calculated by area normalization method.ResultsA total of 49 compounds were identified from the essential oil of Hunan celery seeds. The relative contents of the major essential compounds accounted for 83.830 %,and the main compounds of the essential oil were limonene(44.679 %),beta-selinene(14.661 %),3-n-butylphthalide(4.709 %),beta-pinene(2.525 %),gamma- selinene(2.073 %),myrcene(1.215 %),valerophenone(1.172 %),beta-eudesmol(0.827 %),alpha-pinene(0.543 %), caryophyllene oxide(0.540 %),etc.ConclusionThe cis(trans)-isomers isomers were confirmed by using retention index,and the accuracy of compound qualitative analysis of essential oil from Hunan celery seeds was improved. The established method can be used for further study and application of Hunan celery seeds.%目的:研究湖南芹菜籽挥发油的化学成分,为其质量评价提供依据。方法同时蒸馏萃取法提取湖南芹菜籽挥发油,用GC/MS法分析挥发油成分;通过Nist11质谱库进行检索,利用计算的保留指数与ESO精油数据库中的保留指数进行比对,对其成分进行定性;采用色谱峰面积归一化法计算得出各成分的相对百分含量。结果从湖南芹菜籽挥发油中鉴定出49种成分,挥发油中各种成分占总峰面积的83.830%。主要成分为柠檬烯(44.679%),β-芹子烯(14.661%),α-芹子烯(5.939%),3-正丁基苯酞(4.709%),β-蒎烯(2.525%),γ-芹子烯(2.073%

  16. A Research of Industrial Structure Optimization under Low-Carbon Constrains in Hunan Province%低碳约束下湖南省产业结构优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢锐; 刘岑婕; 屈晓翔

    2014-01-01

    在湖南省“十二五”规划工业产业节能减排的背景下,如何在碳减排目标的基础上,实现产业结构优化,成为湖南省面临的重大挑战.本文构建低碳约束下湖南省主导产业选择指标体系,计算并选取湖南省无低碳约束和有低碳约束下的主导产业.进一步,本文设计无低碳约束、弱低碳约束和强低碳约束三种情景模拟,分析不同的低碳约束条件对湖南省主导产业选择的影响.本文结论如下:1)无低碳约束条件下,湖南省主导产业包括有色金属冶炼及压延加工业等碳生产力较低的行业,低碳约束条件下,湖南省主导产业包括食品制造业等碳生产力较高的行业.这表明,考虑低碳约束条件,湖南省主导产业由碳生产力较低的行业向碳生产力较高的行业转变.2)情景模拟结果表明,一些传统支柱型产业仍是湖南省产业结构优化中需重点发展的产业,且随着低碳政策的深化和节能减排目标的扩大,战略性产业如医药制造业成为主导产业,在产业结构优化中发挥中坚作用.%In the background of industrial energy conservation in the Hunan “Twelfth Five Year Plan”,how to achieve the industrial structure optimization on the basis of carbon reduction becomes a major challenge in Hunan Province.We devel-oped the leading industries index system under low carbon constraint.Then,we selected the leading industries without carbon constraint or with low carbon constraint.This paper also designed three scenario simulation———without carbon constraints, weak carbon constraint and strong carbon constraint———to analyze how different carbon constraints influence the choice of the leading industries in Hunan Province.The conclusions are as follows:1 )Without carbon constraint,the leading industries in Hunan are industries with lower carbon productivity like non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry

  17. 湖南义务教育地方课程设计与开发的探索与实践%The Designing and Development of Local Courses in Hunan Compulsory Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹汉庆; 严伯霓

    2016-01-01

    地方课程,主要是指省级地方教育行政部门自主开发和管理的课程。湖南省义务教育地方课程设计与开发,结合湖南实际,依托地方优质教育资源,采用边研究边实施的两轮协同推进的策略,明确地方课程的教育目标和设置原则,定位地方课程的架构与特征,通过“研究先行,行政主导,四环相扣”运作模式,构建了两大支柱:《生命与健康常识》《湖南地方文化常识》;开发三大体系:教材体系、教学体系和管理评价体系;实现四大功能:面向中小学的育人功能、课程建设的拓展功能、湖湘文化的传承功能、以及辐射社会的科普功能,为培养具有湖湘文化特质的身心健康的新一代湖南人提供课程养料,也有助于丰富我国地方课程开发理论。%The local course mainly refers to the local education administrative departments at the provincial level of independent development and management of curriculum. Where compulsory education curriculum design and development of hunan province, combining the reality of hunan, relying on local high quality education resources, the research and implementation of the two rounds of collaborative push strategy, clear the education target and setting principle, of local curriculum, the orientation of the architecture and characteristics of local course, through the research advance, administration, sihuan clasped"operation pattern, build the two pillars:"the common sense of life and health"the hunan local culture common sense;Development of three systems:teaching system, teaching system and management evaluation system; Four major functions: for primary and secondary school education, the expansion of curriculum construction, hunan cultural inheritance function, social function of science and radiation, in order to improve the physical and mental health of hunan culture characteristics of a new generation of people of hunan

  18. Agricultural Vocational Education Development Research under the Background of Modern Agriculture--Take Hu'nan Province as an example%现代农业背景下的农业职业教育发展研究--以湖南省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦

    2014-01-01

    This paper through the development of modern agriculture situation in Hunan Province, looking for development opportunities under the background of modern agricultural development of vocational education, professional development of Hunan agricultural proposed tasks and requirements.%文章通过对湖南省现代农业发展形势分析,寻找现代农业发展背景下职业教育的发展机遇,提出了湖南农业职业发展的任务和要求。

  19. Analysis on Decoupling of Environmental Pressure with Economic Growth in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Urban Agglomeration%长株潭城市群环境压力与经济发展脱钩研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭佳捷; 周国华; 唐承丽; 曾山山

    2011-01-01

    In the context of increasing environmental and resources pressures in Chinese economic development, it is significant to carry out studies on the decoupling relationship between environmental pressure and economic growth and the pathways to realize the decoupling. This paper introduces the decoupling theory for environmental pressure assessment, applies eco-efficiency calculation formulas evolved from IPAT model to evaluate the states of the decoupling relationship during 2001-2008 in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration (or Chang-Zhu-Tan for short). It is proved that the regional economic decoupling development presented an improving trend with fluctuation. In addition, the paper utilizes the scenario analysis to draw up the stage goal in order to achieve decoupling, and offers some measures to solve the major problems which prevent Chang-Zhu-Tan from achieving its decoupling objectives. The results are as follows: l)At present, all environmental pressure indicators, except that of water resources consuming, haven't reached the decoupling level. 2) It is estimated that, by 2020 water resources consuming would achieve comprehensive decoupling, the discharge of waste water and gas would achieve relative decoupling, and the eco-efficiency of environmental pressure indicators would increase greatly. 3) It is necessary for Chang-Zhu-Tan to construct an ecologically high effective land use system, change the economic growth mode and optimize the energy structure and layout, so as to realize the goal of decoupling between environmental pressure and economic growth.%基于环境压力与经济发展脱钩理论,利用环境领域中IPAT模型的生态效率指标派生公式,分析测算长株潭城市群目前的经济发展脱钩状况,论述了区域发展过程中的“波动上升”脱钩发展轨迹;运用情景分析法提出长株潭城市群的理性增长模式与脱钩发展目标.研究表明:目前,除水资源消耗已达到相对脱钩水平

  20. Risk factors of tuberculosis among college students in Changsha: A case-control study%长沙市高校学生肺结核发病危险因素病例对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秋萍; 陈田木; 赵衡文; 付志勇; 吴英

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨长沙市高校学生肺结核发病的危险因素,为高校肺结核防控工作提供科学参考.方法 采用频数匹配的病例对照研究,病例组为长沙市高校2010-2011年期间疾控机构或定点医院确诊的学生肺结核病例116例,在病例所在的学校选择232名非肺结核学生为对照组.采用自制调查问卷进行一对一的面谈.结果 单因素分析显示,与高校学生肺结核发病有关联的因素有性别、民族、卡介苗接种史、BMI、肺结核病人接触史、参加集体活动频率、患有其他疾病、生活费.多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,男性、未接种卡介苗、体重过低、有肺结核病人接触史、参加集体活动频率较低、生活费少可增加高校学生肺结核发病的风险.结论 影响高校学生肺结核发病的因素较多.应采取针对性的防控策略,多角度、多方法地控制高校学生肺结核的发生.%Objective To explore the high risk factors of tuberculosis among college students in Changsha,and to provide basic information for tuberculosis control.Methods Data were collected by face-to-face interview about general information among 116 college students infected tuberculosis diagnosed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during 2010 to 2011 and matched 232 non-tuberculosis students from the same colleges.Results Univariate analysis showed that gender,nationality,BCG vaccination history,BMI,tuberculosis exposure,frequency of participate in group activities,comorbid diseases,and living expenses were factors associated with tuberculosis among college students.Multivariate Logistic regression showed that being male(OR =2.251,95 % CI =1.246-4.065),no BCG vaccination (OR =2.374,95 % CI =1.177-4.788),low weight (OR =2.969,95 % CI =1.582-5.569),history of contacting TB patients (OR =37.229,95 % CI=3.899-355.444),low frequency of participate in group activities (OR =4.046,95 % CI =2.476-6.612),low living

  1. Analysis on Therapeutic Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on AIDS in Changsha City from 2009 to 2010%2009-2010年长沙市艾滋病抗病毒治疗效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李叶兰; 黄竹林; 单飞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HARRT), and to provide a basis for promoting HARRT work. Methods The data were downloaded from history cards of antiretroviral therapy (ART) database of AIDS Direct Reporting Network System from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2010. Basic information tables of free ART and follow-up cards were analyzed with EXCEL 2003 and SPSS 13. 0 software. Results Before the treatment, the mean CD4+ T lymphocyte count was 142.33 + 112.71/( u1. After 12 months of treatment, the mean CD4+ T lymphocyte count reached 308.23 + 162.58/fJ. There were statistically significant differences in the detection results of CD4+ T lymphocyte count between the pre- treatment and the post- treatment for 3, 6, 9, and 12 months (P<0.05). After 6 months of treatment, 128 cases received viral load test, 82.0% of their results were below the detection limit. Conclusions After one year of treatment, the therapeutic effect of HARRT on AIDS is obvious in Changsha, and the situation of the cases remains stable.%目的 评价目前高效抗逆转录病毒治疗(HAART)方案的疗效,为深入规范开展抗病毒工作提供依据.方法 从《艾滋病网络直报信息系统》中下载2009年1月1日-2010年12月31日的抗病毒治疗数据库的历史卡片,采用Excel2003和SPSS13.0对抗病毒治疗数据库中接受免费抗病毒治疗基本情况表及随访表内容进行分析.结果 治疗前,病例的CD4+T淋巴细胞计数均值为(142.33±112.71)个/μl,治疗12个月,治疗病例CD4+T淋巴细胞计数呈明显上升趋势,均值为(308.23±162.58)个/μl,治疗3、6、9和12个月与治疗前CD4+检测结果相比,其差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).治疗满6个月后,有128例进行了病毒载量检测,其中82.0%的病例病毒载量计数下降到检测不到水平.结论 长沙市艾滋病例在接受抗病毒治疗1年后,治疗效果明显,病例状态持续稳定.

  2. 长沙市城乡中学生自杀行为及影响因素分析%Suicidal behavior and related psychosocial factors among middle school students in urban and rural areas of Changsha municipality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严虎; 陈晋东

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate prevalences of three specific suicide behaviors and related psychosocial factors among middle school students and to provide basis for suicide prevention and intervention. Methods A stratified cluster sampling survey was carried out with a self-designed questionnaire, suicidal behavior questionnaire, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List(ASLEC) ,Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS) ,and Self-Esteem Scale(SES) in 2 216 middle school students in Changsha city. Results In the past one year,24. 2% of the students had suicide ideation,6% had made a specific plan to attempt suicide,and 2. 5% actually had attempted suicide. The incidences of suicide ideation and suicide attempt in the girls were higher than those in the boys(χ2 =34. 814,P = 0. 000 ;χ2 =5. 924,P =0. 015). The incidences of suicide plan and suicide attempt in the rural students were higher than those in the urban students (χ2 = 16. 687, P=1.000;χ2 =5.834,Ρ= 0.016). The incidence of suicide plan in the senior high school students was higher than that in the junior school students(χ2 =8. 109,P =0. 004). The main risk factors for the three specific suicide behaviors included with single-parent family, family violence, negative life event, interaction anxiousness, and low self-esteem. Conclusion Suicide ideation is not rare in middle school students and specific intervention on related psychosocial risk factors should be promoted among the students.%目的 了解中学生自杀意念、自杀计划和自杀未遂现况及其危险因素,为有针对性地采取干预措施提供依据.方法 于2011年11月采取分层整群随机抽样方法,在湖南省长沙市抽取2216名中学生,采用自制一般情况问卷、自杀行为问卷、青少年生活事件量表、交往焦虑量表和自尊量表进行调查.结果 长沙市中学生自杀意念、自杀计划和自杀未遂检出率分别为24.2%、6.0%和2.5%;女生自杀意念和自杀

  3. 某大学在校大学生食品安全意识及行为调查%Survey on Consciousness and Behaviors of Food Safety Among Undergraduates of a University in Changsha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琼隽; 刘乔

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of consciousness and behaviors of food safety among college students so as to provide a scientific basis for food safety education and supervision. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 370 college students selected from a university of Changsha. Results Among 346 valid questionnaires, 96.24% of the surveyed students paid attention to the food safety, but most of the students (87.86%) did not know about the law of food safety. The main approach to obtain the information of food safety in the students was media reports (95.09% ). The main place for meal in the students was school canteens (58. 67%), followed by private restaurants (28. 32% ). Furthermore, they usually bought food in penny stores or convenience stores (57. 23%), followed by supermarkets or shopping malls (31.79% ). As for buying food, college students paid more attention to the taste (39.02% ) than the safety and hygiene (36.13%). Facing the tainted food, most of the students chose to accept the bad luck and throw it away, only 4. 62% of them chose to complain. Conclusions Nowadays college students pay more and more attention to the problem of food safety, but their self— protection awareness is still poor. Society and universities should enhance the education about food safety in college students so as to lead them to form good hygiene - dietetic habits.%目的 了解大学生食品安全意识及行为现状,为更好地进行食品安全教育与监管提供科学依据. 方法 随机抽取长沙市某高校370名大学生进行问卷调查. 结果 回收的346份有效问卷中,96.24%的大学生表示关注食品安全,但绝大多数大学生(87.86%)对食品安全法不了解;大学生获取食品安全信息的主要途径是媒体报道(95.09%);大学生主要的就餐地点是学校食堂(58.67%),其次是个体餐馆(28.32%);主要的食品购买场所则是小超市或便利店(57.23%),其

  4. The Development Current Situation and Prospects of Dairy Industry in Hunan Province in 2013%2013年湖南省奶业发展现状与前景展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩奇鹏; 李松励; 张养东; 张佩华; 朱丹; 张婷; 刘海林

    2014-01-01

    To regain the people's confidence in the dairy industry in Hunan province, this article in 2013 conducted an investigation on the development status of dairy industry. Survey results showed that, although the number of dairy cows in Hunan province in 2013 fell 0.96% over 2012, but raw milk prices continued to rise, and dairy feed was used more scientific and rational. Meanwhile, the quality and safety situation of raw milk had been greatly improved. Through government support and corporate restructuring, some dairy products processing enterprises have pay off the milk of dairy farmers. By the introduction of domestic and foreign advanced equipment and the management idea, there will be new development for dairy breeding in Hunan.%本文对2013年湖南省奶业的发展现状进行了调研,调研结果表明,虽然2013年湖南省奶牛存栏数比2012年下降0.96%,但是生鲜乳价格持续上涨,而且奶牛饲料使用更加科学合理。同时,生鲜乳质量安全状况得到了很大改善。通过政府的支持和企业改组,部分乳制品加工企业拖欠奶农的奶款已经基本还清,同时引进国内外先进设备和管理思路,使湖南奶牛养殖业进入新的发展阶段。

  5. 绿色供应链视域下湖南农产品质量安全保障研究%Study on Quality Safety of Agricultural Products in Hunan from the Perspective of Green Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱立国; 赵薇; 任岚

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, the problems are prominent in production, processing, and circulation, especially, the accidents on quality and security appear frequently, which affect people's quality of life and stability of our society. It is an effective way to take quality management on agricultural products from the perspective of green supply chain. As a big agricultural province of Hunan, doing a good job in the agricultural product quality safety has significance. The present situation of Hunan agricultural products quality and safety is analyzed from the angle of green supply chain, green production, green by producer organization processing, green logistics, government support and supervision of several aspects to improve the agricultural product quality security system in Hunan.%近年来、农产品在生产、加工、流通等领域安全问题频繁发生,严重的影响了人们的身体健康,也成为了社会不稳定的因素。从绿色供应链管理的角度搞好农产品质量安全管理是一种比较理想的方法。湖南作为农业大省,抓好农产品质量安全管理意义重大。从绿色供应链的角度分析了湖南农产品质量安全的现状,通过生产者组织绿色生产、绿色加工、绿色物流,政府支持与监督几个方面来完善湖南农产品质量保障体系。

  6. 湖南省农业野生植物资源现状与保护管理对策%Status Quo of Agricultural Wild Plant Resources in Hunan Province and Its Protecting and Administrating Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖顺勇; 陈欣欣; 徐阜良; 周建成; 张梦; 尹丽辉

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural wild plant resources and its endangered status quo in Hunan province were introduced at first. Then, the progresses in the protection of agricultural wild plants in Hunan province were expounded, and then the problems existing in its protection and management were analyzed, including protecting cognition needs to be improved; scientific research needs to be strengthened; financial input should be increased. Based on these, some countermeasures and suggestions for protection of agricultural wild plant resources in Hunan province were put forward, such as carrying out general survey and knowing resources; doing a good advertising and improving cognitions; doing monitoring and warning and understanding dynamics; making a layers of protection and establishing a grading area;perfecting system and strengthening supervision; scientifically researching and rationally using.%介绍了湖南省农业野生植物资源及其濒危现状,阐述了湖南省农业野生植物保护工作进展,分析了湖南省农业野生植物保护管理存在保护意识有待提高、科学研究有待加强、财政投入有待加大等问题,在此基础上,提出了开展普查,掌握家底;抓好宣传,提升意识;监测预警,掌握动态;层层保护,分级建区;完善制度,强化监管;科学研究,合理利用等湖南省农业野生植物资源保护的对策和建议。

  7. 赏心悦目俗而近雅--品鉴湖南花鼓戏的乡土韵味%Pleasing to See,Vulgarity but Elegance ---Appreciating the Local Flavor of Hunan Flower Drum Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宁波

    2014-01-01

    Hunan Flower Drum Opera is a kind of local opera full of Hunan culture and folk customs,which ex-hibits a strong local flavor mellow and is deeply loved by the masses of the working people.The unique local flavor of Hunan Flower Drum Opera is mainly in the following four aspects……the local roots of theme,the local rhyme of language,the local color of dress and the local affection of music,etc.Especially,its musical language fully expresses every aspect in people’s daily life,and reflects all emotion of the local farmers.%湖南花鼓戏是极富湖南文化底蕴和民俗风情的地方戏剧,其表现出的浓郁醇厚的乡土韵味,深受广大劳动人民群众的喜爱。湖南花鼓戏独特的乡土味主要表现在“题材的乡土根”“语言的乡土韵”“装束的乡土色”和“音乐的乡土情”等四个方面。特别是湖南花鼓戏的音乐语言,它最充分地表现了老百姓日常生活的方方面面,也最直接地融入了农民喜、怒、哀、乐的乡土情。

  8. Pleasing to See,Vulgarity but Elegance---Appreciating the Local Flavor of Hunan Flower Drum Opera%赏心悦目俗而近雅--品鉴湖南花鼓戏的乡土韵味

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宁波

    2014-01-01

    Hunan Flower Drum Opera is a kind of local opera full of Hunan culture and folk customs,which ex-hibits a strong local flavor mellow and is deeply loved by the masses of the working people.The unique local flavor of Hunan Flower Drum Opera is mainly in the following four aspects……the local roots of theme,the local rhyme of language,the local color of dress and the local affection of music,etc.Especially,its musical language fully expresses every aspect in people’s daily life,and reflects all emotion of the local farmers.%湖南花鼓戏是极富湖南文化底蕴和民俗风情的地方戏剧,其表现出的浓郁醇厚的乡土韵味,深受广大劳动人民群众的喜爱。湖南花鼓戏独特的乡土味主要表现在“题材的乡土根”“语言的乡土韵”“装束的乡土色”和“音乐的乡土情”等四个方面。特别是湖南花鼓戏的音乐语言,它最充分地表现了老百姓日常生活的方方面面,也最直接地融入了农民喜、怒、哀、乐的乡土情。

  9. 洞庭湖区大力发展特色湘菜美食旅游研究%Study on the Exploitation and Development of Hunan Tasty Food Tourism in Dongting Lake Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩燕平

    2012-01-01

      Dong Ting Lake formed a unique Hunan tasty food in the long history. Developing Hunan Tasty Food Tourism in Dongting Lake Area has many advantages and nice future. Hunan Tasty Food Tourism in Dongting Lake is the diet culture combining with tourism, the advanced form of cultural consumption and also an important type of experience tourism. But in fact, there are some problems, such as conservative concept, the low density of information, distributed development and Participating experience inadequacy. Should from the macro, medium and micro three dimension make the strategy of "looking far ahead from a high plane, pointing one direction and marketing success ". In the future, the new form of Tasty Food Tourism will emerge in large numbers, tourism consumer groups will continue to expand, and social function will Highlights.%  洞庭湖派特色湘菜美食旅游是湘菜饮食文化与旅游高度结合的专项旅游,是文化消费的高级形式,是体验旅游的重要类型。当前,洞庭湖派特色湘菜美食旅游存在观念落后、信息密度低、分散开发和参与性体验不足等问题,应该从宏观、中观和微观三个层面实行“高瞻远瞩、瞄准方向和营销制胜”策略。在未来,洞庭湖派特色湘菜美食旅游新形态将不断涌现、旅游消费者群体将不断扩大,其社会功能将日益彰显

  10. Evaluation System of Sustainable Development of Foreign Trade in Hunan%对外贸易可持续发展评价指标体系的构建及运用——以湖南省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳强; 谢兮晨

    2012-01-01

    Based on the research achievements from home and abroad, the en- tropy method is used as the evaluation method of sustainable development of provincial foreign trade and a evaluation system of sustainable development of provincial foreign trade is established, which consists of 2 system layers, 7 target layers, and 22 indicators. On these bases, comprehensive analysis of the general trend and the development efficiency and condition of the sustainable development of foreign trade of Hunan Province are made, with the empirical study of the condition of the sustainable development of foreign trade in Hunan Province of the year 2006 to 2010. It naturally reaches conclusions that the ability of sustainable development of foreign trade of Hunan Province shows ascendant trend as a whole and it' s in a recovery stage after the affection of global economic crisis in 2008.%本文采用熵值法作为省域对外贸易可持续发展的评价方法,构建了2大系统层、7大目标层,以及22个指标共同组成的省域对外贸易可持续发展评价体系,通过对湖南省2006—2010年的对外贸易发展情况进行实证研究,分析湖南省对外贸易可持续发展的总体趋势及其发展绩效和状况,得出湖南省的对外贸易可持续发展能力整体呈上升趋势,在2008年受全球经济危机影响后正处于恢复性增长阶段的结论。

  11. 湖南省疟疾发生的时空演化过程分析%Analysis of Temporal-spatial Evolution Process About Malaria in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷俊华; 曾绍琴; 李光强

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the evolutionary pattern of malaria in Hunan Province from 1983 to 1992. Methods Using the quantitative expression method of the temporal - spatial evolution pattern based on the barycenter pattern and the data distribution of onset space as weighting factor, the annual barycentric coordinates of malaria were calculated, the barycenter transfer curve of malaria was generated, and then the temporal - spatial evolution process of malaria in Hunan Province was expressed quantitatively. Results After the analysis, the transfer curve of malaria evolution in Hunan Province during the period of 10 years was concluded, and it mainly showed a shifting process from northwest to southeast. Conclusions The feasibility and accuracy of the quantitative expression method of the temporal - spatial evolution pattern are proved through the contrast experiment. The results suggest that there is no correlation between the process pattern of malaria evolution and the spatial scale of statistical analysis.%目的 研究湖南省1983 - 1992年疟疾发展演化模型.方法 利用基于重心模型的时空演化模型定量化表达方法,并以发病空间分布数据为权重,通过计算每年度疟疾重心坐标,生成疟疾重心转移曲线,从而定量地表达湖南省疟疾的时空演化过程.结果 分析得出了全省10年间疟疾演化转移过程曲线,大致表现为由西北向东南转移.结论 通过对比实验证明方法的可行性与正确性;疟疾演化过程模型与统计分析的空间尺度无关.

  12. IGNEOUS PETROLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    20150781 Bai Daoyuan(Hunan Institute of Geological Survey,Changsha 410016,China);Zhong Xiang Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb Dating and Geochemistry of Caledonian Miao’ershan Pluton in the Western Part of the Nanling Mountains and Their Tectonic Significance(Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica,ISSN1000-6524,CN11-1966/P,33(3),2014,p.407

  13. IGNEOUS PETROLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    20160156Bai Daoyuan(Hunan Institute of Geology Survey,Changsha 410016,China);Zhong Xiang The Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb Dating,Geochemical Characteristics and Tectonic Setting of Caledonian Yuechengling Pluton in the Western Segment of the Nanling Mountains(Geochimica,ISSN0379-1726,CN44-1398/P,44(1),2015,p.27-42,15illus.,5

  14. Omran et al. Afr. J. Infect. Dis.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Changsha, Hunan, 410008, China., 2The State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Central South ... China. *Email: yf_2323@yahoo.com ... The morbidity and mortality associated with this disease has remained significant with case ... In this study we aimed to detect the expression of IL-1β as pro-inflammatory cytokine and ...

  15. Drive Around the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2008-01-01

    @@ "It's so cool that I can drive on my own,and my own car,"Cao Gang,WOrking for a private company in Changsha,capital city of Hunan Province,mid-south China,said in excitement when he newly bought Ben Ben,a Chinese local auto brand of Chang'an,with his freshly-passed driving license.

  16. Effects of rice straw on the speciation of cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu) in soils

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cui, Y.S.; Du, X.; Weng, L.P.; Zhu, Y.G.

    2008-01-01

    Four soils were collected from different sites of China in Lechang (LC, Guangdong province), Changsha (CS, Hunan province), Jiaxing UX, Zhejiang province) and Hangzhou (HZ, Zhejiang province), and were spiked with Cu (50 mg kg(-1)) and Cd (5 mg kg(-1)). The effects of rice straw addition (6%) on the

  17. 湖南通道本地话(二里话)语音系统及音韵特点%Pronunciation System and Phonological Features of the Local Dialect of Tongdao, Hunan (Erli Dialect)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙叶林; 胡蓉

    2015-01-01

    The paper describes detailedly the pronunciation system and phonological features of the local dialect of Tongdao , Hunan (Erli Dialect) ,which stands in the transition zone of Xiang dialect , mandarin Chinese , dialect and minority dialect , Dong Dialect , and reveals its distinctive phonetic phenomena .%详细描写了处于湘语、官话、平话和民族语侗语交接地带的通道本地话(二里话)的语音系统及音韵特点,展示了其一些独特的语音现象。

  18. A Study on Suicide Cognition of Medical Students in Hunan Province of China%湖南部分医学院学生自杀认知水平的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯珊珊; 肖水源; 白丽琼

    2003-01-01

    Objective:To study the knowledge about suicide among medical students in Hunan province of China and to provide scientific basis for preventing suicide. Methods:A total of 446 students were selected by random cluster sampling techniques and their knowledge of suicide was assessed by the Suicide Knowledge Questionnaire. Results, The correctness rates of three schools were 58.29%, 59.14% and 57.94% respectively. School teaching was the main channel for medical students to obtain suicide knowledge. Conclusion: Medical students have not received adequate education on suicide, and have some severe misunderstanding about suicide.

  19. Research of Hunan provincial LUCF greenhouse gases emission inventory prepare in 2010%湖南省2010年 LUCF 温室气体排放清单编制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧西成; 管远保; 冯湘兰

    2016-01-01

    Utilization of national forestry inventory data of Hunan province,by using biomass method,Hunan provincial LUCF greenhouse gases emission inventory was prepared from forest and other woody biomass carbon stock changes and transformation of forest carbon emissions.The results showed that:In 2010,the Hunan province LUCF absorbed green-house gases was 17 205 400 t of CO2 equivalent,including the forest and other woody biomass carbon stock changes ab-sorbed greenhouse gases was 17 645 400 t of CO2 equivalent,and the greenhouse gases emission of the forest transforma-tion was 440 000 t CO2 equivalent.By increasing arbor carbon storage,41 956 400 t of carbon dioxide could be ab-sorbed.As a result of particularly large ice disaster occurred in Hunan province in 2008,the LUCF activities absorption of greenhouse gases quantity in 2010 reduces 30.93% compared to 2005.%利用湖南省森林资源清查数据,运用生物量法,从森林和其它木质生物质生物量碳储量变化及森林转化碳排放两方面对省级 LUCF 温室气体排放清单编制进行研究。结果表明:湖南省2010年 LUCF 净吸收温室气体1720.54万 t CO2当量,其中森林和其它木质生物质生物量碳储量变化净吸收温室气体1764.54万 t CO2当量,森林转化净排放温室气体44.0万 t CO2当量;通过增加乔木林碳储量,相当于吸收 CO24195.64万 t 。湖南省2008年的特大冰灾导致2010年 LUCF 活动吸收温室气体量比2005年减少了30.93%。

  20. 湖南省1808例犯罪精神病人司法精神病学鉴定资料分析%Study on the Forensic Psychiatric Assessment of 1808 Criminal Insanes in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟华; 周亮; 邬力祥; 肖水源; 黎芝

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨湖南省司法精神病学鉴定结果为无/限定刑事责任能力的犯罪精神病人的特征.方法:利用自编档案资料采集表,对湖南省2005 -2009年经司法精神病学鉴定为无/限定刑事责任能力的1808例犯罪精神病人进行资料收集.结果:1808例犯罪精神病人中,生活在农村的未婚中青年男性占绝大多数,受教育程度较低,职业以农民为主,犯罪类型中以故意杀人罪(39.0%)和故意伤害罪(31.1%)分布最多,精神障碍诊断类型中以精神病性障碍(79.1%)最多,接受强制治疗者有284(15.7%)例.结论:湖南省犯罪精神病人大多数为农村中青年男性,接受强制治疗的比例很低.%Objective: To describe the characteristics of forensic psychiatrics expertise of criminal insanes in Hunan province. Methods: Data on 1808 criminal insanes in Hunan province from 2005 to 2009 were collected by self-compiled archive-collected table. Results: From 2005 to 2009, a total of 1808 criminal insanes were identified in Hunan Province. The majority of the 1808 cases were male, young and middle-aged, lived in rural area, and had low education level. The main types of the criminal cases were homicide and intentional injury, and psychotic disorder ranked the first mental illness diagnosis. Conclusion: Only a small proportion of criminal insanes had received compulsory treatment in Hunan province.

  1. Analysis on the Assessment and Influencing Factors of Food Security in Hunan Province%湖南省粮食安全评价及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹惠斌

    2012-01-01

    Hunan province is China's major grain producing areas,and its food security situation has an important influence on the regional and national food security.Considered of the factors of food supply,food consumption,food reserves and food redeployment,this paper builds food security index to measure the regional food security situation,and estimates it in Hunan province.The results show that the food security level of Hunan is in above the basic safety from 1996 to 2009.The amount of cultivated land per capita and level of output per unit of cultivated land is the main factors affecting food security in Hunan province.The food consumption,food reserves and food redeployment is relatively stable,which impact on food security is not obvious.But in the foreseeable future period,the extent of the impact of these factors will significantly enhance.We need to formulate the scientific and reasonable food security policy.%湖南作为我国粮食主产区,其粮食安全状况对区域乃至全国粮食安全具有重要的影响。综合考虑粮食供给、粮食消费、粮食储备和粮食外调因素,构建"粮食安全指数"来衡量区域粮食安全状况,并对湖南省的粮食安全状况进行测算,结果表明:湖南省1996—2009年的粮食安全水平处于基本安全及以上等级。人均耕地数量、单位耕地产出水平是影响湖南省粮食安全的主要因素,粮食消费量、粮食储备量和粮食外调量相对稳定,对粮食安全的影响不明显,但在未来可预见的时期内,这些因素的影响程度将明显增加,需要制定科学合理的粮食安全保障政策。

  2. IGNEOUS PETROLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    20150130Chen Di(Hunan Institute of Geological Survey,Changsha 410116,China);Chen Yanming Magma Mixing in the Xitian Pluton of Hunan Province:Evidence from Petrography,Geochemistry and Zircon U-Pb Age(Geology in China,ISSN1000-3657,CN11-1167/P,41(1),2014,p.61-78,14illus.,2tables,69refs.)Key words:biotite granite,monzogranite,U-Pb dating,Hunan Province The Xitian pluton area is located in the middle segment of the Nanling Mountains,

  3. A dynamic analysis on University students' physical fitness in Hunan province%湖南省大学生体质动态分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锋; 郭玉凤; 周鸿雁

    2013-01-01

    为了探讨湖南省大学生体质长期变化趋势,从1985-2010年6个《中国学生体质与健康调研报告》中摘录了湖南省19~22岁大学生的身体形态、生理机能和运动素质指标,进行了动态分析。结果显示:1985年后的25年,湖南省大学生身高、体重等身体形态指标持续增高;肺活量持续降低,且2005年后降速增大;50m跑、立定跳远、引体向上等成绩下降,速度、力量素质减退;1000m和800m跑成绩持续下降,与全国大学生的变化趋势不同,2010年也未见降幅缩小、降速降低的迹象。大学生体育锻炼的时间和强度不足是影响其呼吸机能、身体素质下降的直接原因。建议学校深化体育教学改革,加强健康教育,培养学生终身体育意识,开展多种形式的课外体育活动,增强学生体质。%In order to explore the long-term change trends of university students' physical fitness in Hunan province, the test results of the 19~22 years old students’ body shape, physical function and sports quality in this province were extracted from six reports on the physical fitness and health surveillance of Chinese school students from 1985 to 2010, and were dynamically analyzed. The results showedthat during the 25 years after 1985, the students’ body shape such as height and weight continued to increase in Hunan province;the lung capacity continued to reduce, and the decline speed increased after 2005;the results of 50 m running, standing long jump and pull-ups were lower, the speed and strength qualities decreased;the results of 1 000 m and 800 m running continued to decline, no significant reduction about this decrease and no the same change trend with the national college students in 2010. The lack of students physical exercise time and intensity were the direct reason for decline in respiratory function and physical quality. It were suggested that school should deepen physical education reform, strengthen health

  4. 湖南省全科医生转岗培训效果评价%Position Transition Training for General Practitioners in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李君; 晏强; 谭晓东; 贺晓华; 方亦兵

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of position transition training for general practitioners ( GPs ) in Hunan Province. Methods A survey was conducted among GPs who had participated in position transition training programs in 2010 in six randomly selected training bases of Hunan Province. Totally 420 questionnaire copies were distributed and 398 valid copies were collected. Results The subjects' sex ratio was 2. 06 : 1 ( male: female ), average age ( 34. 8 ±11. 2 ) years old, and average work experience ( 13. 0 ±6. 7 ) years. The proportion of assistant doctor, resident doctor, chief physician and above was 52.0% , 35.2% , and 12. 8% , respectively. The proportion of subjects with secondary technical diploma, junior college degree, and bachelor's degree was 16. 8% , 56. 8% , and 26. 4% , respectively. The proportion of full - time trainee and part -time trainee was 44. 2% and 55. 8% respectively. The average economic loss during the training program was ( 7 274. 7 ± 632. 9 ) yuan RMB. The subjects were good at clinical knowledge and skills, but poor at preventive healthcare knowledge and skills and auxiliary examination results. Conclusion Position transition training policies and measures, trainee selection criteria, training base construction, and teaching management should be improved and enhanced.%目的 评价湖南省全科医生转岗培训工作效果,为今后全科医生培养提供政策参考.方法 随机抽取6个全科医生转岗培训基地,对2010年度的培训学员进行整群抽样调查,发放问卷420份,回收有效问卷398份.结果 学员男女性别比为2.06:1,平均年龄(34.8±11.2)岁,平均工作年限(13.0±6.7)年;职称结构:助理医师占52.0%,执业医师占35.2%,主治以上职称医师占12.8%;学历结构:中专占16.8%,大专占56.8%,本科占26.4%.全脱产参与培训者占44.2%,半脱产参与培训者占55.8%;培训期间平均经济损失为(7 274.7±632.9)元.学员对临床知识技能的掌握情况较好,预

  5. Emergy of agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province: Evolution and trend%湖南省农业生态系统能值演变与趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉林; 李明杰

    2012-01-01

    应用能值分析方法,对1999-2008年湖南省农业生态系统的能值总量、投入和产出结构以及各能值指标的变化进行趋势分析.结果表明:研究期间,湖南省农业生态系统总能值使用投入量基本保持平稳,但能值投入结构有变化,其中,不可更新工业辅助能值投入量由4.00E+22 sej增至5.53E+22 sej,可更新有机能值投入量由1.32E+23 sej降至1.20E+23 sej;系统能值产出总量和产出效率均有较大幅度的提高,2008年总能值产出达1.69E+23 sej,比1999年提高23.8%,净能值产出率由0.79升至0.96;由于环境负载率也呈不断上升的趋势(由1.12上升到1.79),可持续发展指数呈缓慢下降趋势,由0.71降至0.54,说明湖南省农业总体属于高消费驱动型生态系统,具有较明显的粗放式发展特征.%By using emergy analysis method, a trend analysis was made on the total emergy, its input-output structure, and emergy indices of the agro-ecosystem in Hunan Province of South-central China from 1999 to 2008. In the study period, the available total emergy input of the ecosystem was basically maintained at a stable level, but the input structure changed with the input of non-renewable industrial auxiliary emergy increased from 4. 00E+22 sej in 1999 to 5. 53E+22 sej in 2008, while that of renewable organic emergy decreased from 1.32E+23 sej to 1.20E+23 sej. Both the total emergy output and the output efficiency of the ecosystem had a great increase, with the total output reached 1. 69E+23 sej in 2008, which was 23.8% higher than that in 1999, and the net output ratio increased from 0. 79 to 0.96. Owing to the ever-increasing trend of the environmental loading ratio which was from 1.12 to 1.79, the sustainable development index of the ecosystem presented a decreasing trend, from 0.71 to 0.54, indicating that the agriculture in Hunan Province was overall belonged to the type of ecosystem driven by high consumption, and had relatively apparent extensive

  6. 湖南图书馆学专业教育概述%A Summary of Library Science Education in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘意; 龚蛟腾

    2014-01-01

    湖南图书馆学专业教育从无到有、从弱到强,历经发轫、兴起、调整与提升四个阶段。1949-1978年为发轫阶段,图书馆事业不断发展致使图书馆学专业教育崭露头角。1978-1989年为兴起阶段,图书馆事业欣欣向荣促使图书馆学专业教育茁壮成长。1989-1998年为调整阶段,图书馆事业遭遇困境导致图书馆学专业教育面临变革。1998年至今为提升阶段,教科文事业日益繁荣推动图书馆学专业教育重新焕发生机。%The library science professional education has experienced a process from weak to strong in Hunan province, which can be divided into four stages:the initial stage of 1949-1978 , the arisen stage of 1978-1989 , the adjustment stage of 1989-1998 and the improving stage after 1998.At first, the library science education appeared as the librarianship rose, and had thrived rapidly with the development of librarianship.Subsequently, it had experienced an adjustment stage of 1989-1998 because of the stagnant librarianship.Since 1998 , the library science education has improved greatly again due to the prosperity of education, sci-ence and culture.

  7. Predicting Reoffending Using the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY): A 5-Year Follow-Up Study of Male Juvenile Offenders in Hunan Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jiansong; Witt, Katrina; Cao, Xia; Chen, Chen; Wang, Xiaoping

    2017-01-01

    Background Juvenile violent offending is a serious worldwide public health issue. Objective The study examined whether the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) can be used to predict violent reoffending in Chinese male juvenile offenders, and to determine which risk/protective domains (items) are associated with violent recidivism. Methods A total of 246 male juvenile offenders were recruited. SAVRY domains were scored by trained raters based on file review and interviews with participants and their legal guardians. Information on further arrests, charges, or convictions for violent offences were collected from police records over a five year follow-up. Results Over the course of the five year follow-up periods, 63 (25.6%) juvenile offenders were re-arrested for a further violent reoffence. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analyses showed Areas Under the Curve (AUCs) ranging from 0.60 to 0.68 for the SAVRY total, risk and protective score domains. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that 7 of the 30 SAVRY items were significantly associated with reoffending; explaining 36.2% of the variance. Backward stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis showed the independently predictive items were items 2 (‘history of non-violent offending’), 17 (‘negative attitudes’), 18 (‘risk-taking/impulsivity’), and 20 (‘anger management problems’). Together these four items explained 25.0% of the variance in reoffending. Conclusions The results suggested that the SAVRY can be meaningfully used to inform the development and evaluation of effective violence risk assessment and management approaches for male juvenile offenders detained in a Youth Detention Center in Hunan province, China. PMID:28076443

  8. 湖南省山洪灾害经济损失评价%Evaluation of Economic Loss of Mountain Torrent Disaster in Hunan Provirlce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    帅红; 刘春平

    2011-01-01

    Mountain torrent disaster have already restricted Hunan Province' s sustainable development of economy. Using instability Cr of each city and the average ratio Us of direct economic loss of calamities to ideal GDP, this article constructs the economic loss index Ss and sets up a series of grades. Region analysis indicates that the regions whose values are high in Cr have departure with Us's high value areas. According to the economic loss index of Mountain torrent disaster Ss, we suggest that the national investment focus should be put to Zhangjiajie, Xiangxi, Chenzhou, Huaihua, Loudi, Shaoyang and Yongzhou in the DELL order.%山洪灾害是湖南省山丘区经济可持续发展的重要制约因素。文章采用山洪灾害经济损失的不稳定度Us和灾害直接经济损失占应得GDP百分比的平均数Cr,构建了湖南省山丘区山洪灾害灾损度指数DELI。研究表明,Us高值区和Cr高值区在空间上明显错位,前者为湘西自治州、怀化、张家界、郴州等,后者是张家界、娄底、邵阳等。根据DELI等级排序,建议应以张家界、湘西自治州、郴州、怀化、娄底、邵阳、永州等为序进行山洪灾害防治。

  9. The History Involved of Firecrackers Industry in Hunan-Jiangxi Region%湘赣区域花炮产业历史钩沉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑建明; 蔡宇安

    2015-01-01

    湘赣区域花炮历史悠久,从先秦到唐代是其萌芽时期,宋代是其产业形成期,元代是期成熟期,明代进入繁荣期,而后经过清前中期的积淀期到清末进入鼎盛期,并且形成了沿袭至今的以浏阳、醴陵、万载、上栗为中心的主产地的产业分布格局。民国时期,由于政局不稳,湘赣区域花炮产业开始衰落。%Firecrackers Industry in Hunan-Jiangxi Region has a long history. From the Pre-Qin to the Tang Dy-nasty it was at the dawning. The industry formation was in the Song Dynasty,Yuan Dynasty was its period of matu-rity,the Ming Dynasty it was into the boom. Then,through the accumulation of the Qing Dynasty prometaphase it entered the heyday in the late Qing Dynasty,and formed the industrial distribution pattern that takes Liuyang,Lil-ing,Wanzai,and Shangli as the center of main produce area,and living to now. During the period of the Repub-lic of China,as a result of political instability,the fireworks industry began to decline.

  10. Health access livelihood framework reveals potential barriers in the control of schistosomiasis in the Dongting Lake area of Hunan Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Balen

    Full Text Available Access to health care is a major requirement in improving health and fostering socioeconomic development. In the People's Republic of China (P.R. China, considerable changes have occurred in the social, economic, and health systems with a shift from a centrally planned to a socialist market economy. This brought about great benefits and new challenges, particularly for vertical disease control programs, including schistosomiasis. We explored systemic barriers in access to equitable and effective control of schistosomiasis.Between August 2002 and February 2003, 66 interviews with staff from anti-schistosomiasis control stations and six focus group discussions with health personnel were conducted in the Dongting Lake area, Hunan Province. Additionally, 79 patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica were interviewed. The health access livelihood framework was utilized to examine availability, accessibility, affordability, adequacy, and acceptability of schistosomiasis-related health care.We found sufficient availability of infrastructure and human resources at most control stations. Many patients with advanced schistosomiasis resided in non-endemic or moderately endemic areas, however, with poor accessibility to disease-specific knowledge and specialized health services. Moreover, none of the patients interviewed had any form of health insurance, resulting in high out-of-pocket expenditure or unaffordable care. Reports on the adequacy and acceptability of care were mixed.There is a need to strengthen health awareness and schistosomiasis surveillance in post-transmission control settings, as well as to reduce diagnostic and treatment costs. Further studies are needed to gain a multi-layered, in-depth understanding of remaining barriers, so that the ultimate goal of schistosomiasis elimination in P.R. China can be reached.

  11. Investigation of hyperbaric oxygenation medicine development in Hunan province of China%湖南省高压氧医学发展现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨阿莉; 彭争荣; 祖映翔; 肖平田; 刘敏

    2016-01-01

    Objective To know the development status of hyperbaric oxygen(HBO)medical discipline in Hunan Province.Methods Questionnaire,field survey,panel discussion,interview and the other methods were used to know human resources,equipments and facilities,medical treatment,teaching,research and other matters related to HBO medicine in this investigation.Results There are totally 288 hospitals at all levels carrying out HBO therapy provincially.Among them,municipal and county hospitals account for 34.0% and 55.9% respectively.The number of healthcare practitioners for HBO is 956.As for physician,junior and intermediate staff take up 41.8% and 35.7% respectively.Approximately two thirds of nurses are intermediate (63.1%).The largest part of technician is occupied by primary (68.8%).74.8% of physicians graduated as bachelor,however,most of nurses(66.0%)and technicians(75.8%)only have diploma below the bachelor level.Among 407 medical oxygen cabins in Hunan Province,air compression chambers (ACC)account for 45.4%.71.5% medical units within our survey use HBO.Annual income achieve 100-200 thousand for HBO therapy in 71.2% hospitals.86.1% hospitals are carrying out less than 5 HBO programs.HBO is established as a independent discipline in 20.83% hospitals.HBO special clinic service is set up in 25.0% hospitals while HBO special ward is not set up in any hospitals.In the recent 5 years,there were 33 research subjects about HBO,and 88 papers were published,and teaching subjects existed in only 6 medical units.The awareness rate of HBO is only 11.2% in non-medical staff.Conclusions The popularization of HBO medicine is fairly limited in Hunan Province presently.Research and teaching of HBO medicine is weak and social awareness is low.At the same time,allocation of human resource in HBO discipline is unreasonable,the distribution and type composition ratio of the HBO equipment are not uniform.For HBO,the configuration of clinical application is not perfect,the application is passive

  12. The pteridophyte diversity of the Danxia landform in Hunan Province, China%湖南丹霞地貌区蕨类植物多样性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严岳鸿; 何祖霞; 马其侠; 周喜乐; 陆奇勇

    2012-01-01

    丹霞地貌是有别于石灰岩地貌和花岗岩地貌的特殊地貌类型,发育着较为独特的植被类型和植物区系.我们于2007-2010年间对湖南新宁崀山、茶陵浣溪、平江石牛寨、资兴程江口、浏阳达浒、通道万佛山、沅陵五强溪夸父山、溆浦思蒙等地丹霞地貌的蕨类植物进行了广泛调查,报道了湖南丹霞地貌区蕨类植物31科66属183种的详细名录.其中,无腺姬蕨(Hypolepis polypodioides)、隐囊蕨(Notholaena hirsuta)、仙霞铁线蕨(Adiantum juxtapositum)、百山祖短肠蕨(Allantodia baishanzuensis)、肉质短肠蕨(A.succulenta)、骨碎补铁角蕨(Asplenium ritoerse)、钝齿耳蕨(Polystichum deltodon var.henryi)、无盖耳蕨(P.gymnocarpium)、单羽耳蕨(P.simplicipinnum)、二型肋毛蕨(Ctenitis dingnanensis)等9种为湖南新记录种.湖南丹霞地貌的蕨类植物种类组成主要有鳞毛蕨科、蹄盖蕨科、水龙骨科、金星蕨科、卷柏科、铁角蕨科等较大科及鳞毛蕨属(Dryopteris)、卷柏属(Selaginella)、铁角蕨属(Asplenium)、短肠蕨属(Allantodia)和凤尾蕨属(Pteris)等较大属.生态适应特点分析表明丹霞地貌既有喜钙质土的种类,也有喜酸性土的种类,仙霞铁线蕨和无盖耳蕨可能是丹霞地貌的特有植物,因而具有石灰岩地貌蕨类植物区系和花岗岩地貌蕨类植物区系之间的过渡性特点.建议将垫状卷柏(Selaginella pulvinata)、福建观音座莲Angiopteris fokiensis)、仙霞铁线蕨、骨碎补铁角蕨、鞭叶蕨(Cyrtomidictyum lepidocaulon)、无盖耳蕨等种类列为丹霞地貌蕨类植物中的优先保护种类,将通道万佛山三十六湾、湖南沅陵夸父山列为丹霞地貌蕨类植物的优先保护地区.%The Danxia landform is a unique landscape type with a high level of floral endemism. Herein, we report the fern flora of Danxia landform in Hunan Province. We complete comprehensive surveys of pteri-dophytes in the Danxia landform

  13. Adjunctive treatment for cognitive impairment in patients with chronic schizophrenia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu W

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Weiwei Zhu,1,2,* Zhanchou Zhang,1,* Jingfeng Qi,1 Fang Liu,3 Jindong Chen,1,4,5 Jingping Zhao,1,4,5 Xiaofeng Guo1,4,5 1Institute of Mental Health, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 2Brain Hospital of Hunan Province, Changsha, 3First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, 4National Technology Institute of Psychiatry, 5Key Laboratory of Psychiatry and Mental Health of Hunan Province, Changsha, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Cognitive impairment is closely related to real-life functioning in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of adjunctive treatment with donepezil on cognition in patients with chronic schizophrenia. This was a 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of donepezil as an adjunct to antipsychotic drug therapy in patients with chronic stable schizophrenia. Sixty-one subjects were randomized to receive donepezil 5 mg/day (n=31 and/or placebo (n=30. A nine-test neuropsychological assessment battery was administered at baseline and at the end of the study. At the 12-week end point, the donepezil group showed significant improvements in the Wechsler Memory Scale Third Edition Spatial Span, Brief Visuospatial Memory Test total recall and delayed recall, Trail-Making Test Part A, and Category Fluency Test-animal naming (all P≤0.018. Compared with placebo, donepezil was associated with significant improvement in several cognitive domains, including working memory, speed of information processing, and visual learning and memory (P≤0.008. The results of the present study suggest that adjunctive use of donepezil is beneficial for improving cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia. Keywords: schizophrenia, cognitive function, donepezil

  14. The Development Situation and Prospects of Dairy Industry in Hunan Province in 2012%2012年湖南省奶业的发展状况与前景展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱丹; 张婷; 张佩华; 王加启; 沈维军; 兰欣怡; 刘海林; 覃春富; 柴宇光

    2013-01-01

    为促进湖南省奶业发展,本文对2012年湖南省奶业信息进行了监测.监测结果表明,2012年湖南省奶牛存栏数比2011年下降59.8%.生鲜乳价格持续走低,而奶牛饲料价格普遍上涨.生鲜乳质量安全状况一般,防治费用较高,部分乳制品加工企业拖欠奶款严重,使奶牛养殖面临困境.%In order to promote the development of dairy industry in Hunan province,some information of dairy industry in this province was monitoned in this essay.The results showed that the total number of dairy herds in 2012 was 59.8% lower than which in 2011 in Hunan Province.Raw milk price declined continuously while the prices of dairy cattle feedstuffs generally rose.The quality of raw milk was mediocreby with the higher cost in prevention.Dairy farming was in trouble due to some of the dairy processing factories were seriously in arrears.

  15. Feasibility Study on Integrating Hunan Local Martial Arts into College Martial Arts Curriculum%湖南省本土武术融入高校武术课程可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐运君

    2016-01-01

    Martial arts is the precious wealth of our country and has a variety of forms and important cultural value.Hunan province is one of the birthplaces of martial arts in China.This paper mainly discusses the feasibility of integrating Hunan local martial arts into college martial arts curriculum and current existing influencing factors.The paper also puts forward related suggestions to promote the integration of local martial arts into college martial arts curriculum and provides good martial arts learning atmosphere for students by promoting the integration of local martial arts with college martial arts curriculum.%武术是我国中华民族宝贵的财富,有着丰富多样的形式和重要的文化价值魅力,湖南省正是我国武术发源地之一。本文主要论述了将湖南省本土武术融入到高校武术课程可行性研究分析以及目前存在的影响因素,并为湖南省本土武术融入高校武术课程提出了相关建议,以促进本土武术与高校武术课程的融合为学生们提供良好的武术学习氛围。

  16. A Comparative Study on the Values of West Hu'nan's Na-tive Mythology and Greek Mythology%湘西本土神话与古希腊神话价值观比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娜

    2016-01-01

    一个民族对自然界和历史的认识通常会反映到其流传的神话中,作为古老东方神话重要组成部分的湘西本土神话因其独特地域性,与西方古希腊神话所表现出来的价值观大相径庭。本文拟以湘西本土神话中的创世神话与古希腊神话中奥林匹斯神话价值观对比研究,初步探讨东西方先民对人文主义的认识及其蕴含的文化内涵。%A nation's knowledge of the natural world and his-tory is generally reflected in the widespread myths among the nation. As an important component of the ancient Oriental my-thology, west Hu'nan's native mythology, with its own unique regional characteristics, carries its values that are quite different from that of Occidental Greek mythology. Through a compara-tive study on the creation myth in west Hu'nan's mythology and the myths of Olympus in Greek mythology, this paper intends to preliminarily explore Occidental ancestors' knowledge of hu-manism and the cultural connotation embodied in it.

  17. 湖南水稻生产风险信息采集标准化体系研究%Information Collection Standardization System for Rice Production Risk in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 张焕裕; 彭新德; 汪翔

    2012-01-01

    Food security is a worldwide major problem, so establishing an early warning system for rice production risk is very important. The position and importance of rice production in Hunan agriculture were described at first, and then the principles of information collection standards, the methods of device information collection and manual information collection and the layout and the construction of information collection websites for rice production risk in Hunan province were analyzed. In the end, the countermeasures and advices were discussed for the future works.%粮食安全问题一直是世界性重大问题,建立水稻生产风险预警体系至关重要.阐述了水稻生产在湖南农业中的地位和重要性,分析了湖南水稻生产风险信息采集标准的原则、设备信息采集和人工信息采集的方法、信息采集网点的布局和建设等,并讨论了后续工作的对策和建议.

  18. 湖南望城县高砂脊商周遗址的发掘%Excavation at the Gaoshaji Site of the Shang and Zhou Period in Wangcheng County,Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湖南省文物考古研究所; 长沙市博物馆; 长沙市考古研究所; 望城县文物管理所

    2001-01-01

    The Gaoshaji site is situated at Gaotangling town in Wangcheng county, Hunan province, lying on a long narrow sandbar on the western bank of the lower Xiangjiang River, at the river mouth where the Weishui flows into the Xiangjiang, and occupies an area of 180, 000 sq m. It was excavated twice in 1996 and 1999, which acquired very important archaeological data, including tombs,ash-pits, kiln-sites and numerous bronzes, pottery objects and stone artifacts. The tombs with bronzes are dated to the time from the later early to the earlier middle stage of Western Zhou; those with pottery and other remains can be divided into two phases: the first phase belongs principally to the early Western Zhou, maybe as early as the turn between the Shang and Zhou, while the second phase to the mid Western Zhou. Containing elements of two cultures,the unearthed objects show the character of a mixed culture with the external elements as the main body. The coexistence of Shang and Zhou bronzes with a pottery culture provides an important clue for solving the puzzle of Hunan bronzes in Shang and Zhou times.

  19. 基于钻石模型的湖南省农业产业集群分析%Analysis of Agricultural Industry Cluster in Hunan Province by Diamond Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭菁; 胡麦秀

    2011-01-01

    基于波特的钻石模型,从生产要素,需求状况,相关与辅助产业,企业战略、结构和同业竞争等4个关键因素,及机会和政府行为2个辅助因素,对湖南省农业产业集群的现状进行了简述和相关分析,提出在当前大力推进现代化农业建设的背景下,湖南应大力发展农业产业集群,促进现代农业建设.%Based on Michael Porter's Diamond Model, the status quo of agricultural industry cluster in Hunan Province was reviewed and analyzed from four key factors (production factors, demand status, related and assistant industry,strategy and structure of enterprise and horizontal competition) and two assistant factors (opportunity and government behavior).It proposed that under the background of vigorously promoting modem agricultural construction at present,Hunan should greatly develop agricultural industry cluster and promote modem agricultural construction.

  20. Pore Geometry Features in Lower Cambrian Niutitang Formation Shale, Hunan Province%湖南省下寒武统牛蹄塘组页岩孔隙结构特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓龙; 蔡宁波

    2016-01-01

    选取下寒武统牛蹄塘组作为湖南省页岩气勘探开发的目标层位,通过对典型页岩样品的有机碳含量、有机质成熟度、矿物形态、裂缝形态、孔隙结构特征等进行测试分析,结果表明:①从采集的65块黑色页岩样品的有机碳值分析,有机碳含量普遍较高,最高值达到17.7%。其中湘西北高值区主要在大庸、慈利、桃源和常德县等地,含量在6%~15%;湘南高值区主要分布在衡阳、郴州及江永;湘西、常德部分地区、龙山地区等热演化已达到成熟及过成熟阶段。②牛蹄塘组裂缝发育,孔隙类型有原生孔、外生孔、矿物质孔,矿物质含量高,矿物自形程度高。③牛蹄塘组储层微孔较多,且孔隙体积较大,具有较好的储气性。研究认为:湖南省下寒武统牛蹄塘组页岩储层微孔较多,且孔隙体积较大,具有较好的储气性;孔隙和喉道分布均匀,孔隙分布较均匀,有利于页岩气的排出;页岩吸附能力较强。据此得出牛蹄塘组是湖南省页岩气勘探开发的重点目标层位。%Taking the lower Cambrian Niutitang Formation as the target for shale gas exploration and exploitation in Hunan Province has carried out tests and analyses of organic carbon content, organic matter maturity, mineral form, fissure form and pore geometry for typical shale samples. The result has shown that:①Analysis of organic carbon contents from 65 black shale samples has found that the contents are generally higher, the highest can be 17.7%. The higher content areas have Dayong, Cili, Taoyuan and Changde counties in northwestern Hunan;the figure is about 6%~15%;southern Hunan higher content areas have Hengyang, Chenzhou and Jiangyong;the thermal evolution in western Hunan, some parts in Changde area and Longshan area has reached mature and over mature stages.②Fissures are well developed in Niutitang Formation, pore types have primary pore

  1. Comparative Analysis on Factors Affecting Labor Migration in Various Forest Areas:A Case Study in Hebei, Hunan and Fujian Provinces%不同林区劳动力非农转移影响因素比较分析--基于河北、湖南、福建3省的实地调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁莎莎; 朱厚强; 吴成亮

    2015-01-01

    农村劳动力非农转移是我国城乡发展过程中的普遍现象,也是实现工业化、城镇化和农业现代化协调发展的重要前提。基于河北、湖南、福建3省林区41个村、290户林农的实地调研数据,利用Logistic回归模型对影响林区劳动力外出务工的因素进行了比较分析。结果表明:研究区劳动力外出务工的农户占样本的比重超过60%,林业劳动力非农转移已成为常态。河北保定林农的流动受个人禀赋影响较大,对家庭因素不敏感;湖南邵阳、福建三明林农的流动多受家庭因素影响;农林业经营情况对3个地区林农的流动影响均较大。针对林区劳动力非农转移的现实状况,认为发展地方特色产业、用科技实现规模效应及培育社会支持体系等是实现林区农村剩余劳动力合理流动、提升人力资源使用效率的重要途径。%Rural farming labor being transferred to non-farming one is not only a common phenomenon in the development of urban and rural areas in China, but also an important prerequisite for the coordinated development of industrialization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization. The article uses the sample data of 290 households from 41 villages in Hebei, Hunan and Fujian provinces, and makes comparative analyses on the factors affecting the migration of forestry labor through the Logistic regression model. The result shows that migrant labor households account for 60% of the sample. Personal endowments have greater influence on the migration than family factors in Baoding city of Hebei, while migrations in Shaoyang city of Hunan and Sanming city of Fujian are mainly affected by family factors. Besides, the operation of agroforestry has widespread impacts on the migration of forest labor in these three cities. According to actual situations in forest regions, it is suggested that developing industries with local characteristics, using science and technology

  2. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Survey of the actual state and trend of the environmental regulation in China (area for survey: Hunan Province, Sichuan Province and Chongquing City); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Chugoku ni okeru kankyo kisei no jittai to doko chosa (Chosa taisho chiiki: Hunan sho, Sichuan sho, Chongquing shi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In China where approximately 3/4 of the primary energy depends on coal, the survey focused especially on the area around the Yangtze River and the South area which suffer from the serious acid rain caused by combustion of the coal with much sulfur content. The paper surveyed the air pollution in terms of the actual state and trend of the environmental regulation and aimed at collecting the basic data useful in planning the international cooperation of Japan which supports the promotion of CCT introduction/spread to China. The survey was conducted in Yunnan Province, Guangxi Zhaungze, and Guizhou Province in fiscal 1996, and Hunan Province, Sichuan Province, and Chongquing where the problem is the SOx emission in fiscal 1997. The items for survey are economy and industry, energy supply/demand, the actual state of coal production/consumption and coal flow among provinces, etc., SOx emitted from coal combustion facilities, data on dust emission and the state of damages, emission standards, air environmental standards and the present status and subjects of the execution of air environmental regulation/surcharge system, administrative systems and policies on industry/environment, etc. 16 refs., 17 figs., 75 tabs.

  3. Decoupling Relationship Between Regional Industrial Development and Carbon Emission:A Case Study of Hunan (2006-2013)%区域工业发展与碳排放的脱钩关系分析基于2006~2013年湖南的实际情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊曦

    2015-01-01

    根据湖南省“十一五”以来(2006~2013年)的工业发展和碳排放情况,分析湖南工业发展与碳排放之间的脱钩弹性、节能弹性、减排弹性,结果表明:湖南工业行业发展的过程中,较好地控制了碳排放量,但节能减排任务依然较大。因此,新常态下应以“节能、减排”为主线,深入优化产业结构,调整能源消费结构,从而确保工业可持续发展的同时,实现碳排放的合理控制。%Based on the industrial development and carbon emissions during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan (2006 - 2013)of Hunan Province,this paper explores the relationship between the regional industrial development and carbon emission in Hunan Province from the decoupling of three kinds of elastic state,namely,decoupling elasticity,energy saving and emission reduction elasticity.The results show that the carbon emission accumulation is brought under control in Hunan's industrial development,but there is still a long way to go for Hunan to accomplish its energy saving tasks.It is then proposed that under the new norm of economy,Hunan should con-tinue to take energy saving and emission reduction as its main goal,further optimize the industrial structure adjustment and energy consumption structure,so as to ensure both sustainable industri-al development and achieve reasonable control over carbon emissions.

  4. 长沙市甲基苯丙胺使用情况"应答者驱动抽样"流行病学调查%EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH OF METHAMPHETAMINE USE AND ITS DETERMINANTS AND CONSEQUENCES IN CHANGSHA CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张官柏; 刘铁桥; 郝伟; Brian C Kelly; 王济川; 胡红星; 曾敏; 柳红

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解长沙市甲基苯丙胺使用的流行情况.方法:采用同伴驱动抽样(respondent-driven sampling,RDS),通过自拟问卷对长沙市最近3个月内使用过甲基苯丙胺的成年人进行抽样调查.结果:接受调查的129人以男性、汉族、有伴侣(包括配偶、男女朋友及同居者)、初高中学历、处于就业状态、年收入较高者为主;平均年龄为29.0 a±s 7.8 a(最小18 a,最大48 a);102人进行过HIV抗体检测,皆为阴性;有94(72.9%)人曾使用过其他非法成瘾性物质包括k粉、摇头丸、海洛因、大麻、丁丙诺啡、曲马多、美沙酮及安定;尚未发现使用可卡因及快克者.长沙市甲基苯丙胺以冰和麻古两种形式存在并被使用.使用方式全为冰壶抽吸,使用场所均为私人场所(家里、宾馆及出租房).最近三个月内甲基苯丙胺的平均使用天数为21.4 d±s 31.3 d(中位数10 d),冰毒的平均用量为每次0.3 g,麻古3.8片.甲基苯丙胺的可及性很强,大多数人(87/126,69.0%)都能"比较容易或非常容易"地获取.使用甲基苯丙胺常见的原因有:吸毒同伴的存在、追求刺激、以及为了摆脱不良情绪状态等,很少有人用来减肥.使用甲基苯丙胺产生的不良后果主要包括对使用者的饮食、体重、健康、经济、情绪的影响以及家庭关系的伤害.结论:甲基苯丙胺在长沙易于获得、在同伴间广为传播,其使用对使用者本人及其家庭带来了严重的危害;因此相关部门有必要采取截断毒品来源、开展相关的禁毒宣传措施.%Objective:To understand the general situation,characteristics of methamphetamine (meth)users in Changsha city. Methods: A questionnaire ( self - designed) investigation was conducted among meth users recruited through respondent driven sampling (RDS) and who reported meth use within last 3 months from community. HIV antibody test was carried out for the participants. Results: Altogether 129 meth users

  5. Research on the Characteristic and Genesis of Q2 Vermicular Red Clay in Ningxiang of Changsha -Yiyang Railway%长益城际宁乡 Q2网纹黏土特征及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪莹鹤

    2015-01-01

    研究目的:长益城际沿线广泛分布 Q2棕红色网纹黏土,土层厚度达5~30 m。城际铁路对路基的沉降变形控制十分严格,针对此种路基如何进行合理处理是一个关键问题。由于土体的成分、结构、成因对工程性能有着很大的影响,本文结合现场调查、颗粒分析、化学成分分析、X 射线分析及微观图像,对网纹土体的成分、结构、成因进行系统研究,为地基处理方案选择提供参考。研究结论:(1)宁乡红白网纹土均以黏粒为第一优势粒级,含量在65%以上,红网纹黏粒含量大于白网纹土;(2)网纹土中 SiO2含量占总含量的60%左右,其次为 Al2 O3和 TFe2 O3,这三种物质的总含量超过85%;(3)红土中铁的含量差不多是白土的三倍,SiO2含量相对减少;(4)白土的颗粒形状多为片状,排列较为规则,颗粒之间的接触主要为面-面、面-边接触;(5)红土颗粒结构单元体排列较白土紊乱,无明显定向排列且结构比白土小;(6)网纹土不是在单一气候条件下形成的,而是经历了多阶段的气候波动,因而是一种复合型的古土壤;(7)本研究成果可供网纹土成因研究提供参考。%Research purposes:The Q2 vermicular red clay was widely distributed along the Changsha -Yiyang railway where soil thickness is 5 ~30 m.It is the key problem to choose proper method to treat this type of soil because the settlement of intercity railway subgrade must be controlled strictly.Based on the site survey,particle -size analysis, chemical component analysis,X -ray spectrometry analysis and microstructure,the material composition,structure and genesis of the Q2 vermicular red clay were studied systematically,which can provide a reference to choose the foundation treatment method. Research conclusions:(1 )The clay was the preponderant particle in which the content was about 65% in the soil of

  6. Roadside survey on prevalence and related factors of drinking-driving in Changsha%长沙市酒后驾驶发生率及相关因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方丽; 肖水源; 潘忠

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解长沙市酒后驾驶的发生率及分布规律,分析酒后驾驶的相关因素.方法:采用多阶段随机抽样的方法,并结合交通管理部门提供的道路信息选择道路,设立调查点.调查日期从2008年2月至2009年3月,分为工作日、周末、节假日,调查时间分为日间13:00-17:00,夜间19:00-24:00.采用数码CA2000型呼气酒精测试仪进行呼气酒精检测,将血液酒精浓度(Blood Alcohol Concentration,BAC)>0 mg/100 mL为酒后驾驶.结果:(1)10403名驾驶员接受了呼气酒精测试和问卷调查,酒后驾驶率为3.71%,有208名饮酒驾驶(20 mg%≤BAC80 mg%).(2)酒后驾驶的单因素分析显示,夜间驾驶的比例高于日间,男性高于女性,45~54岁年龄段高于其他年龄段,未固定安全带的高于固定安全带的,驾车距离10 km以内的高于10 km及以上的,有饮酒习惯的高于无饮酒习惯的,有酒后驾驶史的高于无驾驶史的,认为少量饮酒后对驾驶机动车无影响的高于认为有影响的.(3)多因素Logistic回归结果显示,对酒后驾驶的影响有统计学意义的因素为夜间(OR=1.487),驾驶员为女性(OR=0.184)、45~54岁(OR=2.660)、固定安全带(OR=0.706)、车上有乘客(OR=1.424)、习惯饮酒(OR=4.134)、有酒后驾驶史(OR=2.766)、认为少量饮酒对驾车有影响(OR=0.602).结论:夜间,驾驶员为男性、45~54岁、不固定安全带、车上有乘客、习惯饮酒、有酒后驾驶史、认为少量饮酒对驾车没影响是酒后驾驶率趋高的相关因素.%Objective: To estimate the prevalence, distribution and related factors of drinking driving in Changsha City. Methods: Multi-stage randomized sampling method was employed. According to the road information provided by Road Traffic Management Department, the roads and survey locations were selected. During February 2008 to March 2009, in workdays, weekends and holidays, at 13: 00 - 17: 00 and 19: 00 - 24: 00,motor vehicle drivers of survey

  7. Separating out the influence of climatic trend, fluctuations, and extreme events on crop yield: a case study in Hunan Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhu; Shi, Peijun; Zhang, Zhao; Meng, Yongchang; Luan, Yibo; Wang, Jiwei

    2017-09-01

    Separating out the influence of climatic trend, fluctuations and extreme events on crop yield is of paramount importance to climate change adaptation, resilience, and mitigation. Previous studies lack systematic and explicit assessment of these three fundamental aspects of climate change on crop yield. This research attempts to separate out the impacts on rice yields of climatic trend (linear trend change related to mean value), fluctuations (variability surpassing the "fluctuation threshold" which defined as one standard deviation (1 SD) of the residual between the original data series and the linear trend value for each climatic variable), and extreme events (identified by absolute criterion for each kind of extreme events related to crop yield). The main idea of the research method was to construct climate scenarios combined with crop system simulation model. Comparable climate scenarios were designed to express the impact of each climate change component and, were input to the crop system model (CERES-Rice), which calculated the related simulated yield gap to quantify the percentage impacts of climatic trend, fluctuations, and extreme events. Six Agro-Meteorological Stations (AMS) in Hunan province were selected to study the quantitatively impact of climatic trend, fluctuations and extreme events involving climatic variables (air temperature, precipitation, and sunshine duration) on early rice yield during 1981-2012. The results showed that extreme events were found to have the greatest impact on early rice yield (-2.59 to -15.89%). Followed by climatic fluctuations with a range of -2.60 to -4.46%, and then the climatic trend (4.91-2.12%). Furthermore, the influence of climatic trend on early rice yield presented "trade-offs" among various climate variables and AMS. Climatic trend and extreme events associated with air temperature showed larger effects on early rice yield than other climatic variables, particularly for high-temperature events (-2.11 to -12

  8. Evaluation of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay for diagnosis of tuberculosis and rifampin resistance in county-level laboratories in Hunan province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Peilei; Bai Liqiong; Liu Fengping; Ou Xichao; Zhang Zhiying; Yi Songlin; Chen Zhongnan

    2014-01-01

    Background The Xpert MTB/RIF showed high sensitivity and specificity in previous studies carried out in different epidemiological and geographical settings and patient populations in high-burden tuberculosis (TB) countries.However,there were little data obtained by validation or demonstration study of the assay in China.In this study,the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF was investigated in two county-level laboratories in Hunan Province,China.Methods Consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and suspicion for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) were enrolled.For each patient suspected to have PTB,three sputum specimens (one spot sputum,one night sputum,and one morning sputum) were collected and each sputum was tested with smear microscopy,L(o)wenstein-Jensen (LJ) culture,and Xpert MTB/RIF test.For comparison across subgroups and testing methods,95% confidence intervals were calculated.All analyses were done with SPSS 16.0,and P <0.05 was regarded as significant.Results For case detection,the sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF was 100% for smear-and culture-positive TB and 88.6% for smear-negative and culture-positive TB; the overall sensitivity was 94.5% for all culture-positive patients.The specificity was 99.8%.The sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay was 22.0% in clinical TB patients and the specificity reached 100.0% in the group of patients who are infected with nontuberculous mycobacteria.For the detection of rifampin resistance,the sensitivity of MTB/RIF RIF-resistance detection was 92.9%,and the specificity was 98.7%.Of the 26 Xpert MTB/RIF-positive and RIF-resistant patients confirmed by LJ proportion tests,20 (76.9%) patients were infected by MDR-TB.Conclusions The Xpert MTB/RIF assay is a highly sensitive and specific method for diagnosis of TB and RIF resistance,which will enable it to have the potential to be used in county-level laboratories and lead to the reduction of the infectious pool and improvements in TB

  9. An Outbreak Investigation of Brucellosis in Hunan Province%湖南省一起布鲁氏菌病疫情的爆发调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭庆辉; 曹琰; 熊德友

    2016-01-01

    2015年11月,湖南省娄底市动物疫病预防控制中心实验室在秋季动物疫病抗体水平监测过程中发现了一起布鲁氏菌病疫情。本次疫情共有确诊病例89例,袭击率为25%(89/356)。其中,确诊牛4例,袭击率为33.3%(4/12);确诊羊85例,袭击率为24.7%(85/344)。阳性户数为7户,群流行率为41.2%(7/17)。经调查,该起疫情由不规范引种引起,并通过传统放牧、配种等行为,导致出现一定程度的扩散。通过采取监测、扑杀、消毒等措施,有效控制了该起疫情。%An outbreak of Brucellosis in Hunan Province was discovered in the process of monitoring animal diseases antibody levels in autumn by the laboratory of Loudi Animal Disease Prevention and Control Center in November 2015. The results showed that 89 cases were confirmed,and the attack rate was 25%(89/356). Among them,the cattle attack rate was 33.3%(4/12),the goats attack rate was 33.3%(4/12). The number of positive livestock farms was 7 and the herd prevalence rate was 41.2%(7/17). According to the investigation,this outbreak was caused by non-standard breeding stock introduction,and then was spread via traditional grazing and mating. Finally,it was in the effective control of the local bureau of animal husbandry and veterinary by the measures of monitoring,culling and disinfecting.

  10. 湖南省公路交通暴雨风险评价研究%Assessment of rainstorm risk to highway in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武永峰; 张勇; 陈鲜艳; 尚赞娣; 刘布春

    2011-01-01

    Supported by geographic information system (GIS) technique and gray comprehensive assessment meth- od, this study set up a rainstorm risk evaluation model of highway based on the raster data, through which the rain- storm risk of the highways in Hunan Province were evaluated. The risks of the rainstom were graded into low, mid- dle, relatively high, high and very high. The results of the risk evaluation are validated using the local disaster los- ses and shows that the regions with the serious road washouts are mainly distributed in Yueyang, Yongzhou, Chenz- hou, Changde, Zhangjiajie, Xiangxi and Loudi, and their rainstorm risks are greater than that of other regions. The mostly damaged highways locate in the high risk areas and above it. It is proved that the risk model is effective for the assessment on the rainstorm risk of the highways. boundaries and reveals the spatiotemporal patterns of the support forecasts of the rainstorm disaster of highways. The model breaks through the limitation of administrative rainstorm risk of the highways, even supplies a technical%以湖南省为例,在地理信息系统技术和灰色综合评价方法的支持下,建立了基于栅格数据的公路交通暴雨风险评价模型,对湖南省公路交通暴雨风险状况进行了评价与分析。结果表明:公路水毁情况严重的岳阳、永州、郴州、常德、张家界、湘西以及娄底等地,其暴雨风险水平亦较高;受灾国道和省道几乎均处于较重度以上暴雨风险区。说明本风险评价模型具有一定的可信度。基于栅格数据层建立的公路交通暴雨风险评价从空间上突破了行政界限的制约,突出显示了公路受灾风险的时空格局,为公路暴雨灾害预报提供了技术支持。

  11. Detection and Genetic Typing of Human Papilloma Virus in 63 Cases of Female Condyloma Acuminata in Changsha Area%长沙地区63例女性生殖道尖锐湿疣患者人乳头瘤病毒的检测及基因分型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏颖颖; 李劼; 曾蓉

    2013-01-01

    [目的]探讨21种人乳头瘤病毒(Human papillo mavirusea,HPV)型别在长沙地区女性生殖道尖锐湿疣(Condylomata acuminata,CA)患者中的感染情况及分布特点.[方法]用引物聚合酶链反应(PCR)及基因序列分析的基因分型方法检测长沙地区女性生殖道CA患者HPV型别,分析其分布特点.[结果]经PCR扩增分析67份CA患者活检标本中,63例HPV DNA阳性(88.89%);PCR阳性标本中,56例成功分型;单一型别感染率为94.64%,复合型别感染率为5.35%;检出的低危型占62.71%,高危型占37.29%.HPV亚型分布情况为:HPV11,占38.98%,其次是HPV16,占35.59%;HPV6的感染率为23.73%;CA患者主要集中于20~40岁的性活跃期,30~39岁年龄组患者的HPV感染率较低,<30岁的CA患者中,低危型HPV的感染率显著高于高危型HPV感染率.[结论]本地区CA人群中HPV感染率较高,且以单一亚型感染为主,主要感染型别为HPV11、HPV16和HPV6;HPV各型别的感染率与年龄有一定的关系,该结果为宫颈癌、CA等HPV相关疾病的防治提供了理论依据.%[Objective]To explore the infection status and distribution characteristics of 21 types of human papilloma viruses(HPV) in female condyloma acuminate(CA) in Changsha area. [Methods] Primer-polymer-ase chain reaction(PCR) and genetic typing method based on sequence analysis were used to detect HPV genotypes in female CA in Changsha city. The distribution characteristics were analyzed. [Results] After PCR amplification, 63 of 67 biopsy samples of CA patients were positive for HPV-DNA(88. 89%) in which 56 HPV genotypes were detected successfully. The positive rates of single and multiple HPV types were 94. 64% and 5. 35% , respectively. The detection rate of low-risk HPV and high-risk HPV were 62. 71 % and 37. 29% , respectively. The distribution of HPV showed that HPV11 occupied 38. 98% and the second was HPV16 (35. 59%). The infection rate of HPV6 was 23. 73%. The peak time of CA

  12. 长沙县农村地区孕妇妊娠高血压综合症危险因素研究%Study on Risk Factors of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) Syndrome for Pregnant Women in the Rural Area of Changsha County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭占胜; 李辉霞; 秦家碧; 杨土保

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prevalence and risk factors of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) syndrome among pregnant women in the rural area of Changsha County. Methods Using cluster sampling method, a maternal and child health agency of Changsha County was chosen as the field to survey the occurrence of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) syndrome and the determinants of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) syndrome were analyzed by univariate analysis and multiple non- conditional logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 298 women were recruited from the hospital. The findings showed that 4.0% of the women had pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) syndrome. The results of the univariate analysis indicated that the age of gestation, parity and spontaneous