WorldWideScience

Sample records for technology buckeye regional

  1. 76 FR 44320 - Buckeye Power, Inc. v. American Transmission Systems, Incorporated; Notice of Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Buckeye Power, Inc. v. American Transmission Systems, Incorporated; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on July 18, 2011, pursuant to sections 206 and 306 of the Federal Power... (Commission), Buckeye Power, Inc. (Buckeye or Complainant) filed a formal complaint against...

  2. Phenology and recruitment of Ohio buckeye and sugar maple in Illinois forest stands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelle Henderson; Jeffery O. Dawson; Evan H. DeLucia

    1993-01-01

    Phenological patterns, light conditions, and photosynthetic activity of Ohio buckeye and sugar maple foliage on trees in the forest understory were monitored and compared over two growing seasons in two mesophytic upland woodlands in central Illinois. Ohio buckeye began leaf expansion three to four weeks earlier than sugar maple, started leaf senescence and shedding in...

  3. 78 FR 62614 - Guttman Energy, Inc., PBF Holding Company LLC v. Buckeye Pipe Line Company, L.P., Laurel Pipe...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Guttman Energy, Inc., PBF Holding Company LLC v. Buckeye Pipe Line Company, L.P., Laurel Pipe Line Company, L.P.; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on October 15, 2013... Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission) a complaint against Buckeye Pipe Line Company L.P. and Laurel...

  4. Applications of the Buckeye GTA Corpus for L2 teaching and research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hardman, Jocelyn; McCullough, Elizabeth

    The Buckeye GTA Corpus contains 9,664 L1 and L2 sentence productions by 89 talkers (27 American English, 19 Hindi, 23 Mandarin, & 20 Korean). A total of 5,696 sentences were read in English, with each talker contributing 64 sentences. Hindi, Mandarin, and Korean talkers also read 64 sentences each...

  5. Applications of the Buckeye GTA Corpus for L2 teaching and research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hardman, Jocelyn; McCullough, Elizabeth

    The Buckeye GTA Corpus contains 9,664 L1 and L2 sentence productions by 89 talkers (27 American English, 19 Hindi, 23 Mandarin, & 20 Korean). A total of 5,696 sentences were read in English, with each talker contributing 64 sentences. Hindi, Mandarin, and Korean talkers also read 64 sentences each...

  6. Improved injection needles facilitate germline transformation of the buckeye butterfly Junonia coenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaudette, Kahlia; Hughes, Tia M; Marcus, Jeffrey M

    2014-01-01

    Germline transformation with transposon vectors is an important tool for insect genetics, but progress in developing transformation protocols for butterflies has been limited by high post-injection ova mortality. Here we present an improved glass injection needle design for injecting butterfly ova that increases survival in three Nymphalid butterfly species. Using the needles to genetically transform the common buckeye butterfly Junonia coenia, the hatch rate for injected Junonia ova was 21.7%, the transformation rate was 3%, and the overall experimental efficiency was 0.327%, a substantial improvement over previous results in other butterfly species. Improved needle design and a higher efficiency of transformation should permit the deployment of transposon-based genetic tools in a broad range of less fecund lepidopteran species.

  7. Ground geophysical study of the Buckeye mine tailings, Boulder watershed, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDougal, Robert R.; Smith, Bruce D.

    2000-01-01

    The Buckeye mine site is located in the Boulder River watershed along Basin Creek, in northern Jefferson County, Montana. This project is part of the Boulder River watershed Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative, and is a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and Bureau of Land Management in the U.S. Department of the Interior, and the U.S. Forest Service in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The site includes a large flotation milltailing deposit, which extends to the stream and meadows below the mine. These tailings contain elevated levels of metals, such as silver, cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc. Metal-rich fluvial tailings containing these metals, are possible sources of ground and surface water contamination. Geophysical methods were used to characterize the sediments at the Buckeye mine site. Ground geophysical surveys, including electromagnetics, DC resistivity, and total field magnetic methods, were used to delineate anomalies that probably correlate with subsurface metal contamination. Subsurface conductivity was mapped using EM-31 and EM-34 terrain conductivity measuring systems. The conductivity maps represent variation of concentration of dissolved solids in the subsurface from a few meters, to an approximate depth of 30 meters. Conductive sulfides several centimeters thick were encountered in a shallow trench, dug in an area of very high conductivity, at a depth of approximately 1 to1.5 meters. Laboratory measurements of samples of the sulfide layers show the conductivity is on the order of 1000 millisiemens. DC resistivity soundings were used to quantify subsurface conductivity variations and to estimate the depth to bedrock. Total field magnetic measurements were used to identify magnetic metals in the subsurface. The EM surveys identified several areas of relatively high conductivity and detected a conductive plume extending to the southwest, toward the stream. This plume correlates well with the potentiometric surface and direction of

  8. Regional Effort to Deploy Clean Coal Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerald Hill; Kenneth Nemeth; Gary Garrett; Kimberly Sams

    2009-01-31

    The Southern States Energy Board's (SSEB) 'Regional Effort to Deploy Clean Coal Technologies' program began on June 1, 2003, and was completed on January 31, 2009. The project proved beneficial in providing state decision-makers with information that assisted them in removing barriers or implementing incentives to deploy clean coal technologies. This was accomplished through two specific tasks: (1) domestic energy security and diversity; and (2) the energy-water interface. Milestones accomplished during the project period are: (1) Presentations to Annual Meetings of SSEB Members, Associate Member Meetings, and the Gasification Technologies Council. (2) Energy: Water reports - (A) Regional Efforts to Deploy Clean Coal Technologies: Impacts and Implications for Water Supply and Quality. June 2004. (B) Energy-Water Interface Challenges: Coal Bed Methane and Mine Pool Water Characterization in the Southern States Region. 2004. (C) Freshwater Availability and Constraints on Thermoelectric Power Generation in the Southeast U.S. June 2008. (3) Blackwater Interactive Tabletop Exercise - Decatur, Georgia April 2007. (4) Blackwater Report: Blackwater: Energy and Water Interdependency Issues: Best Practices and Lessons Learned. August 2007. (5) Blackwater Report: BLACKWATER: Energy Water Interdependency Issues REPORT SUMMARY. April 2008.

  9. Secondary relative evaluations on regional technology innovation capability in SMEs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BI Ke-xin; SUN Jin-hua; FENG Ying-jun

    2005-01-01

    According to this problem that every regional technology innovation of SMEs and innovation environment are different, the method on secondary relative evaluation to measure the innovation capability of SMEs in 9 provinces and 3 municipalities is developed in this paper. First the Fuzzy Integral Comprehensive Evaluation is adopted to measure the comprehensive index states of technological innovation of SMEs in different regions,and then the BCC model in Data Envelopment Analysis is used to calculate the secondary relative evaluation of regional technology innovation capability in SMEs, so that this method not only settles the relevance between indexes influencing regional technology innovation capability of SMEs, but also eliminates the influence of objective basic condition, and then provides bases for every region to make out policies and rules on technological innovation of SMEs and for enterprise to establish relevant strategy of technological innovation.

  10. Determinants of Foreign Technological Activity in German Regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dettmann, Eva; Lacasa, Iciar Dominguez; Günther, Jutta;

    This paper analyses the determinants of spatial distribution of foreign technological activity across 96 German regions (1996-2009). We identify foreign inventive activity by applying the ‘cross-border-ownership concept’ to transnational patent applications. The descriptive analysis shows...... that foreign technological activity more than doubled during the observation period with persistent spatial heterogeneity in Germany. Using a pooled count data model, we estimate the effect of various sources for externalities on the extent of foreign technological activity across regions. Our results show...... that foreign technological activity is attracted by technologically specialised sectors of regions. In contrast to existing findings this effect applies both to foreign as well as domestic sources of specialisation. We show that the relation between specialization and foreign technological activity is non...

  11. Determinants of Foreign Technological Activity in German Regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dettmann, Eva; Lacasa, Iciar Dominguez; Günther, Jutta

    This paper analyses the determinants of spatial distribution of foreign technological activity across 96 German regions (1996-2009). We identify foreign inventive activity by applying the ‘cross-border-ownership concept’ to transnational patent applications. The descriptive analysis shows......-linear and that it is influenced by sectoral heterogeneity. Externalities related to technological diversification attract foreign R&D only into ‘higher order’ regions....

  12. Technological spillovers and industrial growth in Chinese regions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, L.; Meijers, H.H.M.; Szirmai, A.

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the role of interregional technology spillovers in the process of industrial growth in Chinese regions in the period 1990-2005. Inflows of FDI increased rapidly from 1990 till 1998, slowing down thereafter. Domestic R&D investment accelerated after 1998. Regional industrial gro

  13. Technological spillovers and industrial growth in Chinese regions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, L.; Meijers, H.H.M.; Szirmai, A.

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the role of interregional technology spillovers in the process of industrial growth in Chinese regions in the period 1990-2005. Inflows of FDI increased rapidly from 1990 till 1998, slowing down thereafter. Domestic R&D investment accelerated after 1998. Regional industrial

  14. Water Mapping Technology Rebuilds Lives in Arid Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Using NASA Landsat satellite and other remote sensing topographical data, Radar Technologies International developed an algorithm-based software program that can locate underground water sources. Working with international organizations and governments, the firm, which maintains an office in New Braunfels, Texas, is helping to provide water for refugees and other people in drought-stricken regions such as Kenya, Sudan, and Afghanistan.

  15. Priorities for the technology modernization and regional steel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Grigoryevna Chenchevich

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews trends in post-crisis development of metallurgy of the region. An assessment of the achieved level of technological development of the regional industry, the features of innovation and technological upgrading, conditions and factors are identified, as well as industry issues and limitations of innovation development of the metallurgical complex in the region are made. The possibilities and goals for the effective development of metallurgy for the period up to 2020 are substantiated. As tools for solving the tasks discussed, the following ones are suggested: deepening the processes of modernization and usage of modern technology and intellectual capital. The principles of strategic priorities formation for technological development of the industry are reviewed. Justification of the main innovative modernization priorities of the metallurgical complex in the region is made. These include: expansion of metal products manufacturing with high value added, provision of resources for development of high-tech sector aimed at production of new materials. The expediency of structural reforms continuation in the mining and metallurgical complex with its further integration into the global economy, as well as resource efficiency plus reduction of harmful effects on the environment was substantiated.

  16. Regional characteristics relevant to advanced technology cogeneration development. [industrial energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manvi, R.

    1981-01-01

    To assist DOE in establishing research and development funding priorities in the area of advanced energy conversion technoloy, researchers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory studied those specific factors within various regions of the country that may influence cogeneration with advanced energy conversion systems. Regional characteristics of advanced technology cogeneration possibilities are discussed, with primary emphasis given to coal derived fuels. Factors considered for the study were regional industry concentration, purchased fuel and electricity prices, environmental constraints, and other data of interest to industrial cogeneration.

  17. Effects of technological change in regional labor markets in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyna Elizabeth Rodríguez Pérez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Technological change has meant that organizations require workers with higher qualifications, development, implementation and adaptation of technology looking to stay at the forefront in international competitiveness. The aim of this paper is to analyze the changes that have occurred in regional labor markets in Mexico on occupational and wage and identify to what extent these changes may have resulted from technological change and if this behavior is spatially homogeneous. The information source is made up of microdata from the National Survey of Urban Employment (Employment Survey 2000–2004. The empirical analysis –considering workers officiating at high and low technological intensity and applying a Mincerian income function with different classification criteria: education, sex, age groups and regions– during the period indicate that there have been significant changes in the Mexican labor market as a result of biased technological change, as it provides statistical evidence indicating the existence of a higher wage premium for subordinates in the technological area, and different effects at the regional level, encouraging more to the border.

  18. An Embedded Technology Basic Course that Cooperates with Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujisawa, Yoshinori; Nakajima, Takayuki; Nirei, Masami

    Nagano National College of Technology cooperates with regions of Nagano prefecture that concluded an agreement and holds an embedded technology basic course. This basic course developed by the authors, and its teaching materials have been developed based on author‧s teaching experience in Nagano National College of Technology. The basic course intends for engineers who have no experience on the embedded technology and are willing to learn its foundation again. Thus the authors constituted the curriculum based on assumption that some of engineers attending the course have not enough knowledge of the C language either. This paper describes concept of the course and detail of its teaching materials, and also describes results of an examination and a questionnaire.

  19. New Technological Shape of Basic Branches of RF Industrial Regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ol’ga Aleksandrovna Romanova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes the increasing importance of industry in the economic development of both developing and developed countries. It highlights the decisive role of basic industries of the RF industrial regions in ensuring the level of their socio-economic development. The work substantiates the possibility to develop basic industries of some industrial regions as the ones that are knowledge-intensive, high-tech and can meet the requirements of new industrialization. The authors propose their understanding of new industrialization in terms of inclusive development. The article introduces a term “repositioning of the regional industrial complex” as a gradual process of interdependent technological, economic, socialinstitutional, environmental and organizational change based on innovation. It proves that this complex should be viewed as a network of competitive and structurally balanced productions, satisfying individualized needs of the high-tech sector in knowledge-intensive goods and services and increased quality needs of traditional industries. The study offers a methodological approach to single out the priority directions for technological development of basic sectors in the industrial regions. Its unique feature is to carry out bibliometric modeling as a preliminary framework disclosing key areas of basic industries development at the first stage; to conduct research in the regional patent activity in the selected development directions at the second stage; to single out the agreed priorities to upgrade basic industries on the basis of the Foresight methodology at the third stage. The case study of the Urals helps substantiate the prerequisites for the formation of a new technological shape of the regional metallurgical complex. The authors develop scenarios for repositioning of metallurgy of the region and describe corresponding stages, characterized by the system of proposed indicators

  20. Advanced Aerodynamic Technologies for Future Green Regional Aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin NAE

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Future Green Regional Aircraft (GRA will operate over airports located in the neighborhood of densely populated areas, with high frequency of takeoff/ landing events and, hence, strongly contribute to community noise and gaseous emissions. These issues currently limit further growth of traffic operated by regional airliners which, in the next future, will have to face even more stringent environmental normative worldwide and therefore re-designed to incorporate advanced active aerodynamic technologies. The new concept behind GRA is based on several mainstream technologies: airframe low-noise (LN, aerodynamic load control (LC and load alleviation (LA. These technologies integrate relevant concepts for hybrid and natural laminar flow (HLC/NLF wing, active control of wing movables and aeroelastic tailoring for LC/LA functions, passive means (micro-riblets for turbulent flow drag reduction, innovative gapless architectures (droop nose, morphing flap beside conventional high-lift devices (HLDs, active flow control through synthetic jets, low-noise solutions applied to HLDs (liners, fences, and to fuselage-mounted main and nose landing gears (bay/doors acoustic treatments, fairings, wheels hub cap. The paper deals with the technological readiness level (TRL assessment of the most promising technologies and overall integration in the new generation of GRA, as a highly optimized configuration able to meet requirements for FlighPath 2050.

  1. Information technologies of strategic planning in raw-material region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Mikhaylovich Lavlinskiy

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to a problem discussion of technology formation for development of strategy and program of socio-economic development of the raw-material region. The methodology of indicative planning is offered as the essence of such technology. The modeling tools should be developed according to a trajectory of sustainable development. The mechanism of management decision development using models of regional indicative planning and providing balances of labor and material resources, and also the financial balance of actions is developed. The approach based on the repeated problem solving of developing territory according a trajectory of sustainable development for several sets of scenarios of external conditions is offered for a strategy generation of resource region development. The set of indicative plans received during problem solution allows interpreting the found tendencies and making on this basis the management decision good for external conditions changing, balance and productivity. The examples of such approach implementation for some regions showing a technique of efficient administration development during strategic planning are given.

  2. Testing for reach-scale adjustments of hydraulic variables to soluble and insoluble strata: Buckeye Creek and Greenbrier River, West Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Gregory S.; Wohl, Ellen E.; Foster, Julie A.; Boyer, Douglas G.

    2003-11-01

    An open question exists as to whether channel geometries and hydraulics are adjusted in bedrock streams with stable, concave profiles in a manner analogous to alluvial rivers. As a test of this problem, a comparison was undertaken of channel geometries and hydraulics among reaches with substrates that are of high mechanical resistance, but of variable chemical resistance. Reaches were selected from Buckeye Creek and Greenbrier River, West Virginia, USA because these streams flow over sandstones, limestones, and shales. The limestones have Selby rock resistance scores similar to those of the sandstones. A total of 13 reaches consisting of between 6 and 26 cross sections were surveyed in the streams. HEC-RAS was used to estimate unit stream power ( ω) and shear stress ( τ) for each reach. The reaches were selected to evaluate the null hypothesis that that ω and τ are equal atop soluble versus insoluble bedrock. Hypothesis tests consisted of paired t-tests and simultaneous, multiple comparisons. Geomorphic setting was included for Greenbrier River because previous studies have suggested that bedrock streams are intimately coupled with hillslopes. Holding geomorphic setting constant, three separate comparisons of ω and τ reveal that these variables are lowest atop soluble substrates in Greenbrier River (significance ≤0.05) and that changes in ω and τ are mediated by changes in channel geometry. Similarly, headwater reaches of Buckeye Creek developed atop shale and sandstone boulders are statistically distinguishable from downstream reaches wherein corrosion of limestone is the primary means of incision. However, comparisons in each stream reveal that channel geometries, ω and τ, are not strictly controlled by bed solubility. For constant substrate solubility along the Greenbrier River, ω and τ are consistently higher where a bedrock cutbank is present or coarse, insoluble sediment enters the channel. The latter is also associated with locally high values

  3. Problems forming innovative-technological image of russian regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Markovna Golova

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, actual problems of innovative-technological image as a key element of the mechanism of the healing sources of socioeconomic development of the Russian regionsare considered. The author gives an assessment of the level of differentiation of subjects of the Russian Federation on the potential for innovative development. Trends in spatial transformations of thescientific and technical and innovation capacities of the country are analyzedand reasons of low innovational activity of Russian enterprises are disclosed. Basic conditions for the success of actions to create an attractive image of innovative-technological territory are formulated. Special attention is paid to the position of regions as participants in the innovational processes, creating preconditions for creativity, harmonization of spatial priorities of innovation, technological and socio-economic development, support for the development of new high-tech industries, improvement of inter-budgetary relations. There are proved priority areas of state policy to reduce barriers to the realization of an innovative paradigm for development of Russian society and effective inclusion of local communities in the implementation of innovative changes.

  4. Youth Technology Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of the YTA Program is that students, working with Tri-C instructors, NASA engineers, and technicians, begin to build relationships with professionals with whom they might not normally have contact. These professionals serve as role models for students and help them to apply math, science and problem-solving skills in real time to construct a competition-ready robot, allowing them to experience the satisfaction and challenges of an engineering or technical career by working diligently to solve problems that may never have been thought possible to solve. Transcending school boundaries, YTA is available to all students who are interested and qualified but who may otherwise never get an opportunity to participate because their school does not offer a robotics program. YTA fills an educational void by offering an exciting engineering and technology experience to a greater number of students than have been able to participate in the past. Our students have been working hard and see the long-term rewards for their efforts. The YTA Team 1270 was a finalist at the 2005 FIRST Robotics Florida Regional and took home second- place honors. Mark Poljak, nominated by the students of YTA Team 1270, received the Woodie Flowers Award at the FIRST 2005 Buckeye Regional competition. This award celebrates effective communication in the art and science of engineering and design. The YTA Team was also invited, as one of fifty-four teams, to participate in this year s FIRST VEX Robotics tournament representing Cuyahoga Community College and NASA GRC (Team 26), held at the FIRST Robotics National Competition in Atlanta, GA. Because of our efforts, community colleges from around the country have taken notice and have asked us to become part of the executive board of the RoboEducators, whose mission is to bring technology training to high school students in preparation for the future workforce.

  5. Analytical Results for 35 Mine-Waste Tailings Cores and Six Bed-Sediment Samples, and An Estimate of the Volume of Contaminated Material at Buckeye Meadow on Upper Basin Creek, Northern Jefferson County, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, David L.; Church, Stan E.; Finney, Christopher J.

    1999-01-01

    Metal-mining related wastes in the Boulder River basin study area in northern Jefferson County, Montana have been implicated in their detrimental effects on water quality with regard to acid-generation and toxic-metal solubilization. Flotation-mill tailings in the meadow below the Buckeye mine, hereafter referred to as the Buckeye mill-tailings site, have been identified as significant contributors to water quality degradation of Basin Creek, Montana. Basin Creek is one of three tributaries to the Boulder River in the study area; bed sediments and waters draining from the Buckeye mine have also been implicated. Geochemical analysis of 35 tailings cores and six bed-sediment samples was undertaken to determine the concentrations of Ag, As, Cd, Cu, Pb,and Zn present in these materials. These elements are environmentally significant, in that they can be toxic to fish and/or the invertebrate organisms that constitute their food. A suite of one-inch cores of dispersed flotation-mill tailings and underlying premining material was taken from a large, flat area north of Basin Creek near the site of the Buckeye mine. Thirty-five core samples were taken and divided into 204 subsamples. The samples were analyzed by ICP-AES (inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy) using a mixed-acid digestion. Results of the core analyses show that the elements listed above are present at moderate to very high concentrations (arsenic to 63,000 ppm, silver to 290 ppm, cadmium to 370 ppm, copper to 4,800 ppm, lead to 93,000 ppm, and zinc to 23,000 ppm). Volume calculations indicate that an estimated 8,400 metric tons of contaminated material are present at the site. Six bed-sediment samples were also subjected to the mixed-acid total digestion, and a warm (50°C) 2M HCl-1% H2O2 leach and analyzed by ICP-AES. Results indicate that bed sediments of Basin Creek are only slightly impacted by past mining above the Buckeye-Enterprise complex, moderately impacted at the upper (eastern

  6. A southern region conference on technology transfer and extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarah F. Ashton; William G. Hubbard; H. Michael Rauscher

    2009-01-01

    Forest landowners and managers have different education and technology transfer needs and preferences. To be effective it is important to use a multi-faceted science delivery/technology transfer program to reach them. Multi-faceted science delivery programs can provide similar content over a wide range of mechanisms including printed publications, face-to-face...

  7. The emergence of new technology-based industries: the case of fuel cells and its technological relatedness to regional knowledge bases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanner, Anne Nygaard

    2016-01-01

    to emerging radical technologies that create the foundation for new industries. The article develops a new measure for technological relatedness between the knowledge base of a region and that of a radical technology based on patent classes. It demonstrates that emerging fuel cell technology develops where...... the regional knowledge base is technologically related to that of fuel cells and consequently confirms the evolutionary thesis....

  8. Application of NASA's advanced life support technologies in polar regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubenheim, D L; Lewis, C

    1997-01-01

    NASA's advanced life support technologies are being combined with Arctic science and engineering knowledge in the Advanced Life Systems for Extreme Environments (ALSEE) project. This project addresses treatment and reduction of waste, purification and recycling of water, and production of food in remote communities of Alaska. The project focus is a major issue in the state of Alaska and other areas of the Circumpolar North; the health and welfare of people, their lives and the subsistence lifestyle in remote communities, care for the environment, and economic opportunity through technology transfer. The challenge is to implement the technologies in a manner compatible with the social and economic structures of native communities, the state, and the commercial sector. NASA goals are technology selection, system design and methods development of regenerative life support systems for planetary and Lunar bases and other space exploration missions. The ALSEE project will provide similar advanced technologies to address the multiple problems facing the remote communities of Alaska and provide an extreme environment testbed for future space applications. These technologies have never been assembled for this purpose. They offer an integrated approach to solving pressing problems in remote communities.

  9. FDI technology spillover and threshold effect of the technology gap: regional differences in the Chinese industrial sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Liu, Huifang; Cao, Zhiyong; Wang, Bowen

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a new perspective that there is a double-threshold effect in terms of the technology gap existing in the foreign direct investment (FDI) technology spillover process in different regional Chinese industrial sectors. In this paper, a double-threshold regression model was established to examine the relation between the threshold effect of the technology gap and technology spillover. Based on the provincial panel data of Chinese industrial sectors from 2000 to 2011, the empirical results reveal that there are two threshold values, which are 1.254 and 2.163, in terms of the technology gap in the industrial sector in eastern China. There are also two threshold values in both the central and western industrial sector, which are 1.516, 2.694 and 1.635, 2.714, respectively. The technology spillover is a decreasing function of the technology gap in both the eastern and western industrial sectors, but a concave curve function of the technology gap is in the central industrial sectors. Furthermore, the FDI technology spillover has increased gradually in recent years. Based on the empirical results, suggestions were proposed to elucidate the introduction of the FDI and the improvement in the industrial added value in different regions of China.

  10. Food Systems: Modern Technology, Transnationalization, Regional and National Situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Social Science Journal, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Topics discussed include: the emergence of biotechnology; modern food technology; strategies of transnational food companies; transnational agribusiness firms and Mexican agriculture; food production in Western Europe; the agro-industrial system of the USSR; food systems in India; food production systems of the Senegal River; and production modes…

  11. Food Systems: Modern Technology, Transnationalization, Regional and National Situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Social Science Journal, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Topics discussed include: the emergence of biotechnology; modern food technology; strategies of transnational food companies; transnational agribusiness firms and Mexican agriculture; food production in Western Europe; the agro-industrial system of the USSR; food systems in India; food production systems of the Senegal River; and production modes…

  12. Innovative reactive barrier technologies for regional contaminated groundwater

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merkel, P.; Weiβ, H.; Teutsch, G.; Rijnaarts, H.H.M.

    2000-01-01

    At many industrial sites inadequate waste disposal, leakages and war damages have led to severe groundwater contamination on a regional scale. Standard hydraulic groundwater remediation methods, such as pump-and-treat, in most cases do not lead to satisfactory results, due to the persistence of orga

  13. Innovative reactive barrier technologies for regional contaminated groundwater

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merkel, P.; Weiβ, H.; Teutsch, G.; Rijnaarts, H.H.M.

    2000-01-01

    At many industrial sites inadequate waste disposal, leakages and war damages have led to severe groundwater contamination on a regional scale. Standard hydraulic groundwater remediation methods, such as pump-and-treat, in most cases do not lead to satisfactory results, due to the persistence of

  14. Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology. Volume 42

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    soil sslu (precipitation chemistry, saline lakes, cosstsl regions, deposits In soils, snd origin); soil weathering sod (ladal history (multiple...Transportation, Concrete placing. 42-175 Influence of the land surface on climate. [Rol’ po- verkhnosti sushi v fonnirovanii klimata], Krenke...ductivity through strain history and recrystaUiaation. Fisher, D.A., International Association of Hydrologi- cal Sciences. Publication, 1987. No. 170

  15. Regional trends in the take-up of clean coal technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wootten, J.M. [Peabody Holding Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Using surveys of the electricity industry taken in major OECD coal producing/coal consuming regions of North America, Europe, Southern Africa, and Asia/Pacific, this paper reports on the attitudes of power plant operators and developers toward clean coal technologies, the barriers to their use and the policies and measures that might be implemented, if a country or region desired to encourage greater use of clean coal technologies.

  16. Regional convergence platforms in Europe—Innovation for space through technology partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bütfering, Peter

    2010-05-01

    Upcoming European and national space exploration programs and projects require new capabilities and scientific-technological solutions, and therefore external contributions to innovation. On the other hand European core (industrial) regions are searching of partners for innovation to strengthen their regional economy. In this context the German-based company European Space Innovation AG (former Adam Alva Neil)—highly experienced in the area of convergence activities between space and other sectors—has developed the model of regional convergence platforms (named 'SpaceInnovation'). These platforms are designed to foster technology partnerships between regional companies and institutes from 'non-space' and the space sector (agencies/industry). The article reflects this regional approach and shows examples in three different directions: SpaceInnovation Saar, an benchmark convergence platform initiated by the Saarland region. SpaceInnovation Europe, an European regions network approach. European SpaceInnovation Agent, an interface approach for systematic and sustainable convergence activities.

  17. Technology Transfer Activities of NASA/MSFC: Enhancing the Southeast Region's Production Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivoli, George W.

    1998-01-01

    The researcher was charged with the task of developing a simplified model to illustrate the impact of how NASA/MSFC technology transfer activities contribute to shifting outward the Southeast region's and the nation's productive capacity. The report is a background of the impact of technological growth on the nation's production possibility frontier (ppf).

  18. Technology Enhanced Learning Environments for Closing the Gap in Student Achievement between Regions: Does It Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakir, Hasan; Delialioglu, Omer; Dennis, Alan; Duffy, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Student achievement gap between urban and suburban regions are a major issue in U.S. schools. Technology enhanced learning environments that support teaching and learning process with advanced technology may close this achievement gap. This paper examines the impact of student and school factors with an emphasis on schools' geographic location on…

  19. Economic homogenization and heterogenization in the EU with the EMU - technological, sectoral and regional

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jørgen Lindgaard

    1999-01-01

    Traditional the arguments for the EMU have been founded in arguments from the theory of optimal currency unions. Even if that should be the case there would still be problems if technological development are characterized by increasing returns. In that case growing economic differences according...... to sector, technology and region will be the result....

  20. Technological change and salary variation in Mexican regions: Analyzing panel data for the service sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Camberos C.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper Hypothesis Biased Technological Change is applied for Mexican workers services sector, belonging several Mexican regions. Economics Census microdata, 1998, 2003 and 2008 are used. Hypothesis is proved with technological gaps, under consideration of different index and result statistics consistency by taking account panel analysis. Mayor wages differences at 2008 year were find out between Capital region and South one, about five hundred percent on 1998 year; but it was lower on 2008, two hundred percent. This result is in correspondence with diminishing technological gap, perhaps caused by economic crisis impact.

  1. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AS A CHAIN PROCESS OF ORGANIZATIONAL DYNAMICS AND TECHNOLOGICAL ROUTES: THE CASE OF SANTA CATARINA'S WESTERN REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Cristina Aléssio

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The last decades witnessed a transformation of the concept of development and of the analysis of its explanatory variables. Regional/local specificities became important aspects of development processes since each territory reacts differently to different strategies and creates specific solutions for its development. This article analyzes the path of a regional development process from the perspective of the institutional, schumpeterian and territorial approach theories. They provide important references to analyze development processes at the local level, as they consider history, culture, behavior codes, values and techniques as determinants of development. The study builds on Santa Catarina's Western region case and shows that regional development processes can be analyzed with the support of these theories as a chain of organizational dynamics and local technological trajectories that influence each other and determine the possible courses of territorial development.

  2. The system of Regional Contact Offices for promoting GMES services and the use of Space Technologies in European Regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrara, Paola; Antoninetti, Massimo; Bacai, Hina; Basoni, Anna; Bosc, Christelle; Clave, Magali; Cornacchia, Carmela; L'Astorina, Alba; Monbet, Philippe; Mueller, Bastian; Nicolau, Sonia; Pergola, Nicola; Rampini, Anna; Tramutoli, Valerio; Schumacher, Volker; Wells, Alan; Zepeda Juarez, Jesus; Zolotikova, Svetlana

    2013-04-01

    In 2005, the EU made the strategic choice of developing a space-based programme, called Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES). GMES is an independent Earth monitoring initiative led by the European Union and carried out in partnership with the Member States and the European Space Agency (ESA). Its primary objective is to provide information services that give access to accurate data and information in the field of the environment and security and are tailored to the needs of users. However, at the regional level, stakeholders are often not aware about the potential benefits of services Europe's GMES initiative can provide; yet Europe's ca. 350 regions represent a large reservoir of potential GMES users where GMES services can add value to existing services. Refining data, products and services from global GMES services in the various domains (i.e. land, marine, atmosphere, emergency response, security and climate change), GMES downstream services may be customised to individual user needs, many of which are to be found a the regional level. Within a number of regions, links between the different types of stakeholders have grown over the years. Often, individual actors have developed inter-regional links but their linkage is in most cases not formalised. When looking at the European scale, that overall awareness of GMES downstream opportunities is still very low with respect to the potential benefits regions could draw from a wider participation. However, being aware of the potential of GMES, of the important role they can play and of the need for exchanging experiences, pioneering Local and Regional Authorities (LRAs) intending to retrieve benefit from space technologies, including GMES, have now started to collaborate within structured networks, NEREUS being the most advanced example. The logically next step is that LRAs engage in a dialogue with service-industry and European decision-makers to maximize the benefits from these innovative tools

  3. PACFEST 2004 : enabling technologies for maritime security in the Pacific region.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Judy Hennessey; Whitley, John B.; Chellis, Craig (Pacific Disaster Center, Kihei, HI)

    2005-06-01

    In October of 2003 experts involved in various aspects of homeland security from the Pacific region met to engage in a free-wheeling discussion and brainstorming (a 'fest') on the role that technology could play in winning the war on terrorism in the Pacific region. The result was a concise and relatively thorough definition of the terrorism problem in the Pacific region, emphasizing the issues unique to Island nations in the Pacific setting, along with an action plan for developing working demonstrations of advanced technological solutions to these issues. Since PacFest 2003, the maritime dimensions of the international security environment have garnered increased attention and interest. To this end, PacFest 2004 sought to identify gaps and enabling technologies for maritime domain awareness and responsive decision-making in the Asia-Pacific region. The PacFest 2004 participants concluded that the technologies and basic information building blocks exist to create a system that would enable the Pacific region government and private organizations to effectively collaborate and share their capabilities and information concerning maritime security. The proposed solution summarized in this report integrates national environments in real time, thereby enabling effective prevention and first response to natural and terrorist induced disasters through better use of national and regional investments in people, infrastructure, systems, processes and standards.

  4. Innovative regions and industrial clusters in hydrogen and fuel cell technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Nygaard; Andersen, Per Dannemand

    2010-01-01

    Regional governments in Europe seem to be playing an increasing role in hydrogen and fuel cell (H2FC) development. A number of regions are supporting demonstration projects and building networks among regional stakeholders to strengthen their engagement in H2FC technology. In this article, we...... will analyse regions that are highly engaged in H2FC activity, based on three indicators: existing hydrogen infrastructure and production sites, general innovativeness and the presence of industrial clusters with relevance for H2FC. Our finding is that regions with high activity in H2FC development are also...... innovative regions in general. Moreover, the article highlights some industrial clusters that create favourable conditions for regions to take part in H2FC development. Existing hydrogen infrastructure, however, seems to play only a minor role in a region’s engagement. The article concludes that, while...

  5. Small Engine Technology (SET) Task 24 Business and Regional Aircraft System Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieber, Lysbeth

    2003-01-01

    This final report has been prepared by Honeywell Engines & Systems, Phoenix, Arizona, a unit of Honeywell International Inc., documenting work performed during the period June 1999 through December 1999 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio, under the Small Engine Technology (SET) Program, Contract No. NAS3-27483, Task Order 24, Business and Regional Aircraft System Studies. The work performed under SET Task 24 consisted of evaluating the noise reduction benefits compared to the baseline noise levels of representative 1992 technology aircraft, obtained by applying different combinations of noise reduction technologies to five business and regional aircraft configurations. This report focuses on the selection of the aircraft configurations and noise reduction technologies, the prediction of noise levels for those aircraft, and the comparison of the noise levels with those of the baseline aircraft.

  6. Public Procurement of Security Technology : A multiple case study of Swedish municipalities and regions

    OpenAIRE

    Rolandsson, Rasmus

    2016-01-01

    Municipalities and regions in Sweden have an increasing need to purchase security technology to secure their properties and their operations. However this procurement process is strictly regulated by the Swedish procurement act (“Lagen om Offentlig Upphandling”, LoU), leading to a similar procurement process. However no academic studies have been done on the procurement of security technology in local authorities.This thesis explores and maps this process and the important aspects which affec...

  7. Financial Aspects of Technological Concept for Energy Efficiency Enhancement during Stripper Wells Development in Tomsk Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, I.; Sundetov, M.; Shenderova, I.; Grinkevich, L.

    2016-09-01

    The issue of operating costs cutting in terms of falling oil prices on the world market actualizes the challenge to find technological solutions to reduce electricity consumption during well operation. This is especially important for stripped-wells of small deposits in Tomsk region. The correlation analysis between the cost of oil production, electricity, heat and fuel consumption during the extraction of one ton of oil allowed the authors to focus on the financial aspect of such technological solutions like periodic well operation in the Shinginskoye field as well as to recommend the application of this method at the other fields in Tomsk region.

  8. IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN TECHNOLOGIES AND INNOVATIONS IN KOŠICE REGION, SLOVAKIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina ZELEŇÁKOVÁ

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Almost each country has potential for ensuring the sustainability of its economy if it avails itself of the opportunities offered by a nationally customized green economy strategy. To move towards a green economy, it will, however, have to introduce innovative technologies, techniques and processes. In particular, it will have to modernize its obsolete production and transport infrastructures and construction and cultivation methods. Green technologies can also contribute to the green economy because they have the potential to create new business opportunities, markets and jobs. This paper i reviews the main environmental challenges and opportunities for the greening of the Košice region economy; ii assesses the country’s innovation policies and the challenges and opportunities for the introduction of green technologies; iii provide policy recommendations on adopting and applying innovative green technologies more efficiently. The strategy for adopting and applying innovative green technologies, also in Košice region, should carefully consider the current status of policy measures, challenges and opportunities which the country faces. Success depends not only on the improvement of each individual sector in region, but also on how these separate elements interact. Therefore, a wide range of consultations and interactions with stakeholders, such as the government authorities, business community, civil society, academics, researchers, scientists, financial institutions, etc., are essential to facilitate this interaction.

  9. Using Smartphone Technology in Environmental Sustainability Education: The Case of the Maasai Mara Region in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogbey, James; Quigley, Cassie; Che, Megan; Hallo, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    This study engaged key stakeholders in an economically and environmentally fragile region in Kenya in a unique, interdisciplinary, and integrative approach to explore the extent to which the use of smartphone technology helps access the environmental values and sustainability perspectives of the people of the Maasai land. The results of the study…

  10. Technology and Knowledge Transfer in the Graz Region Ten Years of Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofer, Franz; Adametz, Christoph; Holzer, Franz

    2004-01-01

    Technology and knowledge transfer from universities to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is seen as one way to strengthen a region's innovation capability. But what if SMEs do not want to play along? Looking back at some 10 years' experience of supporting SMEs, the authors describe in detail the 'Active Knowledge Transfer' programme, which…

  11. The Access to Information and Communication Technologies in the Information Society. The Example of Polish Regions

    OpenAIRE

    Tomaszewska, Anna Wanda

    2013-01-01

    The essay presents the role of information and communication technologies in the information society and different dimensions of the access to ICTs. In the second part, the essay also shows the results of the analysis regarding the ICTs access in Polish regions in the area of households and enterprises.

  12. Using Smartphone Technology in Environmental Sustainability Education: The Case of the Maasai Mara Region in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogbey, James; Quigley, Cassie; Che, Megan; Hallo, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    This study engaged key stakeholders in an economically and environmentally fragile region in Kenya in a unique, interdisciplinary, and integrative approach to explore the extent to which the use of smartphone technology helps access the environmental values and sustainability perspectives of the people of the Maasai land. The results of the study…

  13. The Identification of Technology Platforms and Innovation Areas with High Regional Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Urbančíková

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper is focused on the process of identification of the technological platforms and innovation areas with high regional impact. The aim is to discover future fields of technological innovation which are having a high qualitative and quantitative demand of high potentials. The research has been undertaken within project Innovative Development of European Areas by fostering transnational Knowledge Development – IDEA/ 2CE1175P1 funded by Central Europe Programme. The aim of IDEA project is the development of an adequate strategy which enables the small and medium sized enterprises in the regions of Central Europe to face the increasing demand of high potentials with tested methods and instruments. The target group of IDEA project are so called “high potentials” in the engineering and scientific sector where future-oriented technologies are one of the main sources of innovation.

  14. The feasibility of a unified role for NASA regional dissemination centers and technology application teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-01-01

    Insights and recommendations arising from a study of the feasibility of combining the NASA Regional Dissemination Center (RDC) and Technology Application Team (Tateam) roles to form Regional Application Centers (RADC's) are presented. The apparent convergence of the functions of RDC's and Tateams is demonstrated and strongly supportive of the primary recommendation that an applications function be added to those already being performed by the RDC's. The basis of a national network for technology transfer and public and private sector problem solving is shown to exist, the skeleton of which is an interactive network of Regional Application Centers and NASA Field Centers. The feasibility of developing and extending this network is considered and the detailed ramifications of so doing are discussed and the imperatives emphasized. It is hypothesized that such a national network could become relatively independent of NASA funding within five years.

  15. Innovative regions and industrial clusters in hydrogen and fuel cell technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madsen, Anne Nygaard; Andersen, Per Dannemand [Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Produktionstorvet, Building 426, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)

    2010-10-15

    Regional governments in Europe seem to be playing an increasing role in hydrogen and fuel cell (H2FC) development. A number of regions are supporting demonstration projects and building networks among regional stakeholders to strengthen their engagement in H2FC technology. In this article, we will analyse regions that are highly engaged in H2FC activity, based on three indicators: existing hydrogen infrastructure and production sites, general innovativeness and the presence of industrial clusters with relevance for H2FC. Our finding is that regions with high activity in H2FC development are also innovative regions in general. Moreover, the article highlights some industrial clusters that create favourable conditions for regions to take part in H2FC development. Existing hydrogen infrastructure, however, seems to play only a minor role in a region's engagement. The article concludes that, while further research is needed before qualified policy implications can be drawn, an overall well-functioning regional innovation system is important in the formative phase of an H2FC innovation system. (author)

  16. Research and Development initiative of Satellite Technology Application for Environmental Issues in Asia Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamamoto, K.; Kaneko, Y.; Sobue, S.; Oyoshi, K.

    2016-12-01

    Climate change and human activities are directly or indirectly influence the acceleration of environmental problems and natural hazards such as forest fires, drought and floods in the Asia-Pacific countries. Satellite technology has become one of the key information sources in assessment, monitoring and mitigation of these hazards and related phenomenon. However, there are still gaps between science and application of space technology in practical usage. Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF) recommended to initiate the Space Applications for Environment (SAFE) proposal providing opportunity to potential user agencies in the Asia Pacific region to develop prototype applications of space technology for number of key issues including forest resources management, coastal monitoring and management, agriculture and food security, water resource management and development user-friendly tools for application of space technology. The main activity of SAFE is SAFE prototyping. SAFE prototyping is a demonstration for end users and decision makers to apply space technology applications for solving environmental issues in Asia-Pacific region. By utilizing space technology and getting technical support by experts, prototype executers can develop the application system, which could support decision making activities. SAFE holds a workshop once a year. In the workshop, new prototypes are approved and the progress of on-going prototypes are confirmed. Every prototype is limited for two years period and all activities are operated by volunteer manner. As of 2016, 20 prototypes are completed and 6 prototypes are on-going. Some of the completed prototypes, for example drought monitoring in Indonesia were applied to operational use by a local official organization.

  17. Estimating the economic and demographic impacts of solar technology commercialization on US regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kort, J.R.

    1980-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop a framework through which these regional economic and demographic impacts of solar technology commercialization can be analyzed. Two models comprise the basis of this framework - a national input/output model and an interregional econometric model, the National-Regional Impact Evaluation System (NRIES). These models are used to convert projected sales of solar energy systems to gross output concepts, and to evaluate the impacts associated with these sales. Analysis is provided for the nine census regions and 50 states and the District of Columbia for the years 1980 through 1990. Impacts on major economic aggregates such as output, employment, income, and population are described. The methodology used in this study is described. The economic and demographic impacts of solar technology commercialization on US regions and states are presented. The major conclusions of the study are summarized, and direction is provided for further research. Detailed tables of regional and state solar energy expenditures and their impacts appear in the Appendix.

  18. Study on the technology for highway construction and engineering practices in permafrost regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In order to systemically summarize and integrate technology of highway construction in permafrost regions on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,we studied disciplines and mechanisms of formation and development of problems and challenges in highway engineer-ing in high-altitude permafrost regions based on construction experiences for 50 years and on 30 years of research regarding the Qinghai-Tibet and Xikang highways.Embankments,pavements,bridges,and countermeasures for ecosystem protection in per-mafrost regions were the main study objects.We combined extensive analysis of key problems of engineering stability with inter-action between permafrost and highways,theoretical models,indoor tests,and field tests to reveal the interaction between em-bankments,pavements,bridge piles,and permafrost.In this paper,we propose a series of engineering measures for highway sta-bility,design parameters,key indexes for pavement durability in low temperature,relationships between re-freezing time of bridge-pile foundation and strength development as well as ecosystem recovery in high-latitude cold regions;these eventually form a construction technology package for permafrost regions.

  19. Study on the technology for highway construction and engineering practices in permafrost regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ShuangJie Wang; JianBing Chen; JiLin Qi

    2009-01-01

    In order to systemically summarize and integrate technology of highway construction in permafrost regions on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, we studied disciplines and mechanisms of formation and development of problems and challenges in highway engineering in high-altitude permafrost regions based on construction experiences for 50 years and on 30 years of research regarding the Qinghai-Tibet and Xikang highways. Embankments, pavements, bridges, and countermeasures for ecosystem protection in permafrost regions were the main study objects. We combined extensive analysis of key problems of engineering stability with interaction between permafrost and highways, theoretical models, indoor tests, and field tests to reveal the interaction between embankments, pavements, bridge piles, and permafrost. In this paper, we propose a series of engineering measures for highway stability, design parameters, key indexes for pavement durability in low temperature, relationships between re-freezing time of bridge-pile foundation and strength development as well as ecosystem recovery in high-latitude cold regions; these eventually form a construction technology package for permafrost regions.

  20. The electrification of Nova Scotia, 1884--1973: Technological modernization as a response to regional disparity

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Lionel Bradley

    This dissertation investigates local attempts to use technology as a force for regional rehabilitation in the economically-depressed Maritime region of Canada. At the time of Confederation in 1867, the Maritime province of Nova Scotia was prosperous, progressive, and cultured. By the end of the 1910s, the province had entered a long period of economic and social decline. Recent historiography has shown that, far from passively accepting their fate, Nova Scotians and other Maritimers, actively resisted marginalization with political, cultural, or social action. The thesis expands upon that literature by exploring technology-based strategies of provincial rehabilitation using Thomas P. Hughes's systems perspective and David E. Nye's semiotic approach. In doing so, it applies methods from the social constructivist school of the history of technology to the larger concerns of Maritime Canadian historiography. In large part, the North American culture of technology determined the ways in which Nova Scotians applied technological solutions to provincial concerns. Technology has long been central to the Western idea of progress. As the "high technology" of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, electricity reinforced that view: its ephemeral nature and silent efficiency led people to endow it with transformative, even mystical, powers. As a result, Nova Scotians, adopted a program of electrical modernization in the late 1910s as a remedy for regional disparity. The Nova Scotia government's first step was the creation of an Ontario-style hydroelectric commission designed to bring order to the province's fragmented and inefficient electrical network. Over the next few decades, the Nova Scotia Power Commission implemented rural electrification, home modernization, and regional system-building models that had already proven successful in Ontario and the United States. The system-building philosophies behind these programs were adapted to local conditions and

  1. Technology complementing military psychology programs and services in the Pacific Regional Medical Command.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stetz, Melba C; Folen, Raymond A; Van Horn, Sandra; Ruseborn, Daniel; Samuel, Kevin M

    2013-08-01

    The Tripler Army Medical Center is the only federal tertiary care hospital serving the Pacific Regional Medical Command. Due to Tripler's large area of responsibility, many behavioral health professionals are starting to employ more technology during their sessions. As explained in this article, virtual reality and telepsychology efforts are proving to benefit military service members and their families in the Pacific Rim. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  2. The New World of Information and Communication Technologies: Global and Regional Trends

    OpenAIRE

    George Cornel Dumitrescu

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to identify the recent global and regional trends in ICT developments and to reveal how companies improve productivity and modernize production and services. Nowadays, the digital lifestyle of the consumers forces technology companies to address their needs in order to maintain and extend the market share. In the 21st Century, wearable devices and other forms of digital applications are gaining momentum. More users are interested in buying notebooks, smart ...

  3. Improving regional health care in West Africa using current space systems and technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jemison, Mae C.; Thomas, J. S.

    1992-01-01

    This paper discusses the issues involved with establishing an integrated satellite health network in West Africa based on currently available technology. The system proposed makes use of a central national facility capable of transmitting and receiving voice/data and video signals from the entire country. Regional, field and local facilities provides timely epidemiologic information, sharing of medical expertise through telemedical consultations, enhances optimized resource distribution and builds a framework for telecommunications for the entire country.

  4. Teaching with Educational Technology in the 21st Century: The Case of the Asia-Pacific Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Yukiko; Bell, Suzanne

    2006-01-01

    With the emphasis on faculty experiences and efforts to enhance higher learning in less-developed regions, "Teaching with Educational Technology in the 21st Century: The Case of the Asia-Pacific Region" is a comprehensive study of teaching applications involving educational technology. The book encourages collaboration across…

  5. Regional Technology Assets and Opportunities: The Geographic Clustering of High-Tech Industry, Science and Innovation in Appalachia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feser, Edward; Goldstein, Harvey; Renski, Henry; Renault, Catherine

    A study identified 100 sub-regional concentrations of technology-related employment, research and development, and applied innovation within and immediately adjacent to the 406-county service area of the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC). Among the findings are that Appalachia's technology sector is comparatively small but expanding, with most…

  6. Geographic Information System technology applications to Ground-Water Management Program, EPA Region 3. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clibanoff, A.

    1989-01-01

    The report is part of the National Network for Environmental Management Studies under the auspices of the Office of Cooperative Environmental Management of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. GIS technology is a computer informational system that stores, analyzes, and manipulates both spatial and non-spatial data. Base map information for the GIS has come primarily from the USGS. Data for the entire Region at the 1:2,000,000 scale and for some of the Region at the 1:100,000 scale is currently being used. Data from GIRAS, a land use Database, at the 1:250,000 also exists for much of the Region. Information is contributed to the GIS from various sources including but not limited to RCRA, CERCLA, UIC, and UST programs. The WHP program is also being tapped to identify locations of public water supply wells. Region III is interested in any data that accurately describes the ground water condition in a given area. In Regional pilot studies being conducted, GIS is being employed at both the regional and county level. The goals of the pilot studies include the identification of areas of ground water susceptibility and major sources of ground water contamination, and prioritizing the Region's ground water supplies in terms of vulnerability to pollution and risk to the population.

  7. Technological change in irrigated agriculture in a semiarid region of Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philip, Jean-Marc; Sánchez-Chóliz, Julio; Sarasa, Cristina

    2014-12-01

    Technological change plays a decisive role in irrigated agriculture, which is particularly challenging in semiarid regions. The main objective of this paper is to assess four kinds of alternative technological improvements aimed at dealing with future water availability, especially in the case of extreme events like drought. We evaluate these technologies for a better understanding of what form should be applied in irrigated agriculture in a context of limits on natural resources. We develop a dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, whose production structure distinguishes between rainfed and irrigated crops, and between a variety of irrigated crops. Land use changes are also evaluated. As well as technological change, we consider the Water Framework Directive (EC 2000/60), which establishes water cost recovery as a key goal. Thus, we assess strategies that combine irrigation water pricing strategies and improved technology. Our results show that policy strategies that focus on fostering technical progress can mitigate the long-term economic effects of downward trends in water supplies, even in drought years. The study also confirms that the absence of price volatility achieved through a water pricing strategy could improve the sustainable use of water.

  8. Development of Innovative Technology to Provide Low-Cost Surface Atmospheric Observations in Data Sparse Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucera, Paul; Steinson, Martin

    2017-04-01

    Accurate and reliable real-time monitoring and dissemination of observations of surface weather conditions is critical for a variety of societal applications. Applications that provide local and regional information about temperature, precipitation, moisture, and winds, for example, are important for agriculture, water resource monitoring, health, and monitoring of hazard weather conditions. In many regions of the World, surface weather stations are sparsely located and/or of poor quality. Existing stations have often been sited incorrectly, not well-maintained, and have limited communications established at the site for real-time monitoring. The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), with support from USAID, has started an initiative to develop and deploy low-cost weather instrumentation in sparsely observed regions of the world. The project is focused on improving weather observations for environmental monitoring and early warning alert systems on a regional to global scale. Instrumentation that has been developed use innovative new technologies such as 3D printers, Raspberry Pi computing systems, and wireless communications. The goal of the project is to make the weather station designs, software, and processing tools an open community resource. The weather stations can be built locally by agencies, through educational institutions, and residential communities as a citizen effort to augment existing networks to improve detection of natural hazards for disaster risk reduction. The presentation will provide an overview of the open source weather station technology and evaluation of sensor observations for the initial networks that have been deployed in Africa.

  9. Retention of Highly Skilled Workers in Science and Technology: Distant Regional Employers’ Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Beaudry

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This exploratory research focuses on the retention of highly skilled workers in science and technology (HSWST in the distant regions of Canada.  Indeed, the human resource shortage forces them to seek more stability in their employment relationships. Our first objective is to analyze the point of view of distant regional employers regarding their retention capacity of HSWST and the reasons behind voluntary turnover in this group of workers. Our second objective is to analyze the retention strategies and practices implemented by these employers. This study uses a qualitative approach, which is to say the case study of businesses hiring HSWST in the Lower St. Lawrence Region of Canada. Results show that employers generally think they have good retention capacity. Employers believe that departures are chiefly due to personal reasons or working conditions. In addition, employers generally have no formal or planned strategies or practices with respect to retention.

  10. Regional characteristics of individual housing units in Serbia from the aspect of applied building technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović-Popović Milica

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Individual housing units in Serbia have been studied from the aspect of applied technical solutions. Analyzed data have been collected during a field research in accordance with the current administrative regional division, and they represent a basis for definition of regional typology of individual housing units. Characteristic types of objects of each region’s typology have been further analyzed. Upon these analyses regional characteristics of individual housing units regarding applied construction types, building technologies and materials have been defined and presented. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 36034: Investigation and Systematization of Serbian Housing in Context of Globalization and European Integration in the Framework of Quality and Living-Standard Improvement

  11. Science and Technology to Advance Regional Security in the Middle East and Central Asia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tompson, A F B; Richardson, J H; Ragaini, R C; Knapp, R B; Rosenberg, N D; Smith, D K; Ball, D Y

    2002-10-09

    This paper is concerned with the promotion and advancement of regional security in the Middle East and Central Asia through the development of bilateral and multilateral cooperation on targeted scientific and technical projects. It is widely recognized that increasing tensions and instability in many parts of the world emphasize--or reemphasize--a need to seek and promote regional security in these areas. At the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), a national security research facility operated for the US Department of Energy, we are pursuing an effort to use science and technology as a ''low risk'' means of engagement in regions of strategic importance to the United States. In particular, we are developing collaborations and cooperative projects among (and between) national laboratory scientists in the US and our various counterparts in the countries of interest.

  12. PACFEST : enabling technologies in the war on terrorism in the Pacific region.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Judy Hennessey; Whitley, John B.; Sugimura, Tak (Maui High Performance Computing Center, Maui, HI); Chellis, Craig (Pacific Disaster Center, Maui, HI)

    2003-12-01

    On October 22-24, 2003, about 40 experts involved in various aspects of homeland security from the United States and four other Pacific region countries meet in Kihei, Hawaii to engage in a free-wheeling discussion and brainstorm (a 'fest') of the role that technology could play in winning the war on terrorism in the Pacific region. The result of this exercise is a concise and relatively thorough definition of the terrorism problem in the Pacific region, emphasizing the issues unique to Island nations in the Pacific setting, along with an action plan for developing working demonstrators of advanced technological solutions to these issues. In this approach, the participants were asked to view the problem and their potential solutions from multiple perspectives, and then to identify barriers (especially social and policy barriers) to any proposed technological solution. The final step was to create a roadmap for further action. This roadmap includes plans to: (1) create a conceptual monitoring and tracking system for people and things moving around the region that would be 'scale free', and develop a simple concept demonstrator; (2) pursue the development of a system to improve local terrorism context information, perhaps through the creation of an information clearinghouse for Pacific law enforcement; (3) explore the implementation of a Hawaii based pilot system to explore hypothetical terrorist scenarios and the development of fusion and analysis tools to work with this data (Sandia); and (4) share information concerning the numerous activities ongoing at various organizations around the understanding and modeling of terrorist behavior.

  13. Regional on-road vehicle running emissions modeling and evaluation for conventional and alternative vehicle technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, H Christopher; Zhai, Haibo; Rouphail, Nagui M

    2009-11-01

    This study presents a methodology for estimating high-resolution, regional on-road vehicle emissions and the associated reductions in air pollutant emissions from vehicles that utilize alternative fuels or propulsion technologies. The fuels considered are gasoline, diesel, ethanol, biodiesel, compressed natural gas, hydrogen, and electricity. The technologies considered are internal combustion or compression engines, hybrids, fuel cell, and electric. Road link-based emission models are developed using modal fuel use and emission rates applied to facility- and speed-specific driving cycles. For an urban case study, passenger cars were found to be the largest sources of HC, CO, and CO(2) emissions, whereas trucks contributed the largest share of NO(x) emissions. When alternative fuel and propulsion technologies were introduced in the fleet at a modest market penetration level of 27%, their emission reductions were found to be 3-14%. Emissions for all pollutants generally decreased with an increase in the market share of alternative vehicle technologies. Turnover of the light duty fleet to newer Tier 2 vehicles reduced emissions of HC, CO, and NO(x) substantially. However, modest improvements in fuel economy may be offset by VMT growth and reductions in overall average speed.

  14. Appropriate technology for domestic wastewater management in under-resourced regions of the world

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oladoja, Nurudeen Abiola

    2016-11-01

    Centralized wastewater management system is the modern day waste management practice, but the high cost and stringent requirements for the construction and operation have made it less attractive in the under-resourced regions of the world. Considering these challenges, the use of decentralized wastewater management system, on-site treatment system, as an appropriate technology for domestic wastewater treatment is hereby advocated. Adopting this technology helps save money, protects home owners' investment, promotes better watershed management, offers an appropriate solution for low-density communities, provides suitable alternatives for varying site conditions and furnishes effective solutions for ecologically sensitive areas. In the light of this, an overview of the on-site treatment scheme, at the laboratory scale, pilot study stage, and field trials was conducted to highlight the operational principles' strength and shortcomings of the scheme. The operational requirements for the establishing and operation of the scheme and best management practice to enhance the performance and sustenance were proffered.

  15. Technologies for water resources management: an integrated approach to manage global and regional water resources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tao, W. C., LLNL

    1998-03-23

    regional water resources; As an evaluation tool for selecting appropriate remediation technologies for reclaiming water; and As an assessment tool for determining the effectiveness of implementing the remediation technologies. We have included a discussion on the appropriate strategy for LLNL to integrate its technical tools into the global business, geopolitical, and academic communities, whereby LLNL can form partnerships with technology proponents in the commercial, industrial, and public sectors.

  16. Land-use planning of Volyn region (Ukraine) using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strielko, Irina; Pereira, Paulo

    2014-05-01

    Land-use development planning is carried out in order to create a favourable environment for human life, sustainable socioeconomic and spatial development. Landscape planning is an important part of land-use development that aims to meet the fundamental principles of sustainable development. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a fundamental tool to make a better landscape planning at different territorial levels, providing data and maps to support decision making. The objective of this work is to create spatio-temporal, territorial and ecological model of development of Volyn region (Ukraine). It is based on existing spatial raster and vector data and includes the analysis of territory dynamics as the aspects responsible for it. A spatial analyst tool was used to zone the areas according to their environmental components and economic activity. This analysis is fundamental to define the basic parameters of sustainability of Volyn region. To carry out this analysis, we determined the demographic capacity of districts and the analysis of spatial parameters of land use. On the basis of the existing natural resources, we observed that there is a need of landscape protection and integration of more are natural areas in the Pan-European Ecological Network. Using GIS technologies to landscape planning in Volyn region, allowed us to identify, natural areas of interest, contribute to a better resource management and conflict resolution. Geographic Information Systems will help to formulate and implement landscape policies, reform the existing administrative system of Volyn region and contribute to a better sustainable development.

  17. Sustainable land-use by regional energy and material flow management using "Terra-Preta-Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friede, K.; Rößler, K.; Terytze, K.; Vogel, I.; Worzyk, F.; Schatten, R.; Wagner, R.; Haubold-Rosar, M.; Rademacher, A.; Weiß, U.; Weinfurtner, K.; Drabkin, D.; Zundel, S.; Trabelsi, S.

    2012-04-01

    The interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary joint research project seeks innovative system solutions for resource efficiency, climate protection and area revaluation by means of an integrative approach. The project's fundament is set by implementing the zero-emission-strategy, launching a regional resource efficient material flow management as well as utilising "Terra-Preta-Technology" as an innovative system component. As the centrepiece of optimised regional biogenic material flows Terra Preta Substrate (TPS) contains biochar shall be utilised exemplarily in model regions. In regional project 1 (state of Brandenburg, county Teltow-Fläming) TPS shall be used on military conversion areas, which are contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and mineral oil hydrocarbons. It will be examined, whether the use of TPS causes accelerated pollutant reduction and whether this area is available for renewable raw material production. In regional project 2 (Western Lusatia, county Oberspreewald-Lusatia) reclamation and renaturation of post-mining-landscapes is first priority. In this case, the project seeks for an upgrade of devastated soils for plant production as well as for restoration of soil functions and setup of organic soil substances. In regional project 3 (state of North Rhine-Westphalia, city of Schmallenberg) reforestations of large scale windbreakage areas shall be supported by using TPS. Soil stabilisation, increased growth and survival of young trees and decreased nutrient losses are desired achievements. The crop production effectiveness and environmental compatibility of TPS will be determined by tests in laboratories, by lysimeter and open land taking into account chemical and physical as well as biological parameters. Currently diverse chemical, physical and biological examinations are performed. First results will be presented. The focus will be set on the use of TPS on military conversion areas to reduce specific organic contaminations.

  18. Feasibility of eye-tracking technology to quantify expertise in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, T Kyle; Kim, T Edward; Kou, Alex; Shum, Cynthia; Mariano, Edward R; Howard, Steven K

    2016-06-01

    Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) requires an advanced procedural skill set that incorporates both sonographic knowledge of relevant anatomy as well as technical proficiency in needle manipulation in order to achieve a successful outcome. Understanding how to differentiate a novice from an expert in UGRA using a quantifiable tool may be useful for comparing educational interventions that could improve the rate at which one develops expertise. Exploring the gaze pattern of individuals performing a task has been used to evaluate expertise in many different disciplines, including medicine. However, the use of eye-tracking technology has not been previously applied to UGRA. The purpose of this preliminary study is to establish the feasibility of applying such technology as a measurement tool for comparing procedural expertise in UGRA. eye-tracking data were collected from one expert and one novice utilizing Tobii Glasses 2 while performing a simulated ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block in a gel phantom model. Area of interest fixations were recorded and heat maps of gaze fixations were created. Results suggest a potential application of eye-tracking technology in the assessment of UGRA learning and performance.

  19. Clothing industry: development problems, regional dislocation and modern management technologies for small enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Hristoforova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses issues related to the problems of development of light industry in the territory of the former Soviet Union, systematize industry regions and analyzes modern management technologies used by small businesses garment industry. The aim of the article is the analysis of the organizational and economic aspects of light industry on the example of clothing companies. The objectives of the article: to sistematize the major regions of the dislocation of light industry: textile, footwear, clothing; to characterize the current state of the apparel industry enterprises; to show the value of small clothing companies; to study the need for the introduction of flexible manufacturing systems (FMS on small sewing factories; to analyze the range of the scientific development of national universities in the study of flexible manufacturing systems and give them a brief description.Methodology. The methodological basis of the paper is the following scientific methods: deduction, comparative and group analysis, desk research. The Results. The result of the study is to identify the main issues and trends in the development of light industry, ordering the placement of the industry in the territory of the former Soviet Union, the definition of the most popular management techniques used in small businesses garment industry.Conclusions / significance. The above article analyzes the development of light industry has allowed to identify the main trends and formulate problems for the enterprises. New conditions require the development of small enterprises and the introduction of modern technologies in production processes and management.

  20. Projects from Federal Region IX: Department of Energy Appropriate Energy Technology Program. Part II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Case, C.W.; Clark, H.R.; Kay, J.; Lucarelli, F.B.; Rizer, S.

    1980-01-01

    Details and progress of appropriate energy technology programs in Region IX are presented. In Arizona, the projects are Solar Hot Water for the Prescott Adult Center and Solar Prototype House for a Residential Community. In California, the projects are Solar AquaDome Demonstration Project; Solar Powered Liquid Circulating Pump; Appropriate Energy Technology Resource Center; Digester for Wastewater Grown Aquatic Plants; Performance Characteristics of an Anaerobic Wastewater Lagoon Primary Treatment System; Appropriate Energy/Energy Conservation Demonstration Project; Solar Energy for Composting Toilets; Dry Creek Rancheria Solar Demonstration Projects; Demonstration for Energy Retrofit Analysis and Implementation; and Active Solar Space Heating System for the Integral Urban House. In Hawaii, the projects are: Java Plum Electric; Low-Cost Pond Digesters for Hawaiian Pig Farm Energy Needs; Solar Beeswax Melter; Methane Gas Plant for Operating Boilers and Generating Steam; and Solar Water Heating in Sugarcane Seed-Treatment Plants. A Wind-Powered Lighted Navigation Buoys Project for Guam is also described. A revised description of the Biogas Energy for Hawaiian Small Farms and Homesteads is given in an appendix.

  1. Usage of info-communication technologies at agricultural SME's in the Hungarian North-Plain region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Pentek

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The ICT technologies are present in every area of life its role is indisputable, that is why they have become important production resource for the enterprises. In this aspect, the situation of the SMEs (small- and medium sized enterprises is difficult, as the utilisation of these technologies does not reach the desired level neither in Hungary, nor in the European Union. In this paper we will present the result of a research. This survey measure of the e-activity of the SME’s at 2010 in the North-Plan region in Hungary. Based on survey’s data by the help of the cluster analysis we will try to answer the following question: From the side of the SME’s which is the most useful electronic method in each part of the business process. The cluster analysis based on the types of communication channels, business partners and the business processes helps the companies to define the communication developments in the agriculture. The way we see it can show the way to the decision makers to develop their companies’ e-business even thought they have scarce resources.

  2. The Role of Knowledge Absorption and Innovation Capability in the Technological Change and Economic Growth of EU Regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Runiewicz-Wardyn Malgorzata

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The framework of the endogenous growth models and empirical evidence argue that two dimensions determine a region's ability to narrow its technological gap and improve its productivity growth. The first is its absorptive capacity, e.g. its ability to imitate foreign advanced technologies. The second is its innovative capability, namely the extent to which it is able to produce new, advanced knowledge. Thus, the narrowing knowledge absorption and innovation gaps between regions improve a region's productivity level and move it up the value chain towards specialization in knowledge-intensive and high value-added activities. The following paper attempts to contribute to the existing empirical findings and theoretical discussion on the inter-linkages between knowledge absorption, innovation capability, determined technological change, and economic growth of EU regions. The author's results show that despite the fact that the EU has a long tradition in education and new knowledge generation, there is a very modest ability to make EU regions more productive and grow them. The important role of productivity and knowledge-based sectors in improving EU regional prosperity suggests to carefully examine which knowledge activities drive productivity and the catching-up process of the EU regions. Overall, prospects for catching up will depend largely on how regions balance higher education and R&D priorities and place emphasis on the above activities. These results may be regarded as supportive of recent EU regional policy based on the Lisbon and Europe 2020 Strategies of Smart Growth.

  3. Teaching With Educational Technology in the 21st Century: The Case of The Asian-Pasific Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah KUZU

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Teaching With Educational Technology in the 21st Century: The Case of The Asian-Pasific Region Edited by Yukiko Inoue and Suzanne Bell Hersley: PA: Information Science Publishing, 2006 pp. 321, ISBN 1-59140-724-9 Reviewed by Dr. Abdullah KUZU Anadolu University Eskisehir-TURKEY This book was edited by Yukiko Inoue and Suzanne Bell, an educator and a librarian at the University of Guam, and published by Information Science Publishing in 2006. The book describes the opportunities, challenges and strategies of the technology-enhanced learning in the regional base, namely Asia-Pacific. The main goal of the book is to examine educational technology, learning theories, human learning and cognition; to provide successful experiences in higher education and educational technology; to explain the technology integration into teaching in geographically remote regions such as Guam and Micronesia; to support faculty members in technology use and achieve the reluctance, and to discuss the future trends in educational technology. The book can be recommended for students as well as the professionals such as university professors, researchers, learning center directors, librarians, media specialists, supervisors, and software and courseware designers who are interested in theory and practice of the educational technology, distance education and technology-enhanced learning in multicultural context. ORGANIZATION OF THE SESSIONS The book has nine chapters divided into five sections. Section I contain one chapter and provide an introduction to Guam and Micronesia. The selecting of this region as a case study based on their community that reflects diverse ethnic cultures influenced by European, American, Asian, and Micronesian populations. Guam is a regional learning center in western Pacific. Section II consists of two chapters. Chapter II concentrates on advanced technologies and e-learning, and describes an overview of educational technology, educational media in

  4. Development of highway constructing technology in the permafrost region on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The Qinghai-Tibet Highway passes through the Qinghai-Tibet plateau hinterland from north to south, from Kunlun Mountain to Tanggula Mountain. The average altitude is above 4500 m and permafrost covers more than 700 km length of area with high elevation and high temperature. The climate of the plateau is capricious and the surroundings along the road are bad, where the mean annual atmosphere temperature is -2 to -7℃ and the oxygen content is inadequate, which is less than 50% of the sea level, while the solar radiation is higher than 3600 kJ/m2. The basic characteristics of the plateau surroundings are the permafrost, coldness with litter oxygen, and fragile ecosystem. As the air temperature warms all over the world, the permafrost on the plateau responds quickly. The average temperature of permafrost is up by 0.2―0.3℃ in recent 20 years, and the island-permafrost dwindles with a high rate, and the high temperature permafrost degrades quickly, and the temperature of the low temperature permafrost increases remarkably. These gradually cause the highway engineering diseases in the permafrost region. The Qinghai-Tibet highway has experienced much maintenance and rebuilding for 50 years after it was built, and the continual observation and investigation have been made for more than 30 years. This road is the longest test engineering for permafrost research work in China. It is no doubt that it is also the greatest engineering project in plateau permafrost region. The Ministry of Communication in China initiated the research project "Research on a series of technologies for highway constructing in the permafrost regions" in 2002, which was to meet the challenges from the effect of climatic warming on the permafrost. The project systematically studied the permafrost engineering theories, methods for survey and design, engineering stabilization measures, preventing of the road disasters and maintaining, environment protection and the techniques to prolong the road

  5. Development of highway constructing technology in the permafrost region on the Qinshai-Tibet plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG ShuangJie; CHEN JianBing; ZHANG JinZhao; LI ZhuLong

    2009-01-01

    The Qinghai-Tibet Highway passes through the Qinghai-Tibet plateau hinterland from north to south, from Kunlun Mountain to Tanggula Mountain. The average altitude is above 4500 m and permafrost covers more than 700 km length of area with high elevation and high temperature. The climate of the plateau is capricious and the surroundings along the road are bad, where the mean annual atmosphere temperature is -2 to -7℃ and the oxygen content is inadequate, which is less than 50% of the sea level, while the solar radiation is higher than 3600 kJ/m2. The basic characteristics of the plateau surround-ings are the permafrost, coldness with litter oxygen, and fragile ecosystem. As the air temperature warms all over the world, the permafrost on the plateau responds quickly. The average temperature of permafrost is up by 0.2-0.3℃ in recent 20 years, and the island-permafrost dwindles with a high rate,and the high temperature permafrost degrades quickly, and the temperature of the low temperature permafrost increases remarkably. These gradually cause the highway engineering diseases in the permafrost region. The Qinghai-Tibet highway has experienced much maintenance and rebuilding for 50 years after it was built, and the continual observation and investigation have been made for more than 30 years. This road is the longest test engineering for permafrost research work in China. It is no doubt that it is also the greatest engineering project in plateau permafrost region. The Ministry of Communication in China initiated the research project "Research on a series of technologies for highway constructing in the permafrost regions" in 2002, which was to meet the challenges from the effect of climatic warming on the permafrost. The project systematically studied the permafrost engi- neering theories, methods for survey and design, engineering stabilization measures, preventing of the road disasters and maintaining, environment protection and the techniques to prolong the road

  6. Science-Economy-Technology Concordance Matrix for Development and Implementation of Regional Smart Specializations in the Silesian Voivodeship, Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smoliński, Adam; Bondaruk, Jan; Pichlak, Magdalena; Trząski, Leszek; Uszok, Elżbieta

    2015-01-01

    The regional smart specializations include the innovative activities within a common science-economy-technology sector, which open the opportunities to gain a competitive advantage. The original procedure of science-economy-technology concordance matrix development on an example of smart specializations of the Silesian Voivodeship was presented in the paper. The procedure developed includes recognition of the research and economic components of the regional smart specialization and the connection between the economic components of the regional specialization and the technological innovation through the international patent classification. It also comprises recognition of key enabling technologies (KETs) and high technologies (of high R&D intensity) other than KET in the economic and technological dimensions of innovation as well as the high R&D intensity services in the economic dimension of innovation. The in-depth expert analyses with the application of the Delphi method were also taken into account. The methodological approach developed and the visualization method applied are both of cognitive and practical importance since they contribute significantly to the creation of efficient development policies, to the enhancement and facilitation of cross-sectoral cooperation, and to the focusing on the fields of key importance in terms of the competitive advantage of a region.

  7. Simulating future wheat yield under climate change, carbon dioxide enrichment and technology improvement in Iran. Case study: Azarbaijan region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mansouri, H.; Raei, Y.; Zaeim, A.N.

    2015-07-01

    Climate change and technology development can affect crop productivity in future conditions. Precise estimation of crops yield change as affected by climate and technology in the future is an effective approach for management strategies. The aim of this study was to estimate the impacts of climate change, technology improvement, CO2 enrichment, and overall impacts on wheat yield under future conditions. Wheat yield was projected for three future time periods (2020, 2050 and 2080) compared to baseline year (2011) under two scenarios of IPCC Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) including SRES-A2 as regional economic scenario and SRES-B1 as global environmental scenario in Azarbaijan region (NW of Iran). A linear regression model, describing the relationship between wheat yield and historical year, was developed to investigate technology development effect. The decision support system for agro-technology transfer (DSSAT4.5) was used to evaluate the influence of climate change on wheat yield. The most positive effects were found for wheat yield as affected by technology in all studied regions. Under future climate change, the SRES projected a decrease in yield, especially in West Azarbaijan region. When the effects of elevated CO2 were considered, all regions resulted to increase in wheat yield. Considering all components effect in comparison with baseline (2011), yield increase would range from 5% to 38% across all times, scenarios and regions. According to our findings, it seems that we may expect a higher yield of wheat in NW Iran in the future if technology development continues as well as past years. (Author)

  8. Collaboration Among Institutions to Bring Geospatial Technology to an Underserved Rural Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, T.

    2012-12-01

    The University of Maine at Machias and Washington County Community College, the two smallest and most remote public institutions in Maine, provide important education and workforce development services in a rural and economically-challenged region. Through an innovative collaboration supported by the National Science Foundation, the two institutions have developed geospatial technology (GST) programs designed to meet the specific workforce needs of the region, affording students with the opportunity to pursue degrees, certificates and minors. Prior to this effort, neither school had the resources to maintain a GST laboratory or to offer courses consistently. The region had almost no GST capacity with which to manage critical environmental resources and grapple with economic, public safety, and public health challenges. Several statewide studies had shown a growing need for more GST technicians and training for incumbent workers. The new programs are designed to produce a small number of specialist technicians with associate's degrees and a large number of ancillary users with significant GST expertise from courses, certificates or minors. Course content is shaped by workforce research in Maine and elsewhere, and all courses are offered in either blended, online or short-term intensive formats to provide access to incumbent workers and extend the geographic reach of the programs. Through the university's Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Service Center, students from both institutions engage in real-world projects, and are linked with employers via internships. This has the added plus of providing low-cost and no-cost GIS services to area clients, generating demand. Many of these projects and internships lead to work for graduates, even through the economic downturn. By creating courses that serve multiple audiences, each contributing a small number to the total enrollment, the programs constitute a sustainable model that serves the growing needs of the region

  9. The Factors Affecting Information Technology Usage Behavior of Tax Office Employees in the Black Sea Region of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Yilmaz,

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors affecting information technology usage behavior of tax office employees in the Black Sea Region of Turkey. To accomplish this purpose, the data is gathered from 133 tax office employees who work in Black Sea Region of Turkey through a questionnaire that is formed with 5-point Likert-type scale. Research model is developed in the light of Theory of Reasoned Action, and a series of analyses is conducted. The predicted hypotheses are tested thought regression analyses. According to results, intention of tax office employees has the high predictive power on information technology usage. Additionally, attitude and subjective norms of tax office employees have an impact on their intention towards information technology usage. However, their attitude has the more predictive power than their subjective norms on their intentions towards information technology usage.

  10. Technology targeting for sustainable intensification of crop production in the Delta region of Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulthess, U.; Krupnik, T. J.; Ahmed, Z. U.; McDonald, A. J.

    2015-04-01

    Remote sensing data are nowadays being acquired within short intervals and made available at a low cost or for free. This opens up opportunities for new remote sensing applications, such as the characterization of entire regions to identify most suitable areas for technology targeting. Increasing population growth and changing dietary habits in South Asia call for higher cereal production to ensure future food security. In the Delta area of Bangladesh, surface water is considered to be available in quantities large enough to support intensification by adding an irrigated dry season crop. Fuel-efficient, low lift axial flow pumps have shown to be suitable to carry water to fields that are within a buffer of four hundred meters of the rivers. However, information on how and where to target surface water irrigation efforts is currently lacking. We describe the opportunities and constraints encountered in developing a procedure to identify cropland for which axial flow pumps could be successfully deployed upon in a 43'000 km2 area. First, we isolated cropland and waterways using Landsat 5 and 7 scenes using image segmentation followed by classification with the random forest algorithm. Based on Landsat 7 and 8 scenes, we extracted maximum dry season enhanced vegetation index (EVI) values, which we classified into fallow, low-, and high-intensity cropland for the last three years. Last, we investigated the potential for surface water irrigation on fallow and low-intensity land by applying a cropping risk matrix to address the twin threats of soil and water salinity. Our analysis indicates that there are at least 20,000 ha of fallow land under the low-risk category, while more than 100,000 ha of low-intensity cropland can be brought into intensified production. This information will aid in technology targeting for the efficient deployment of surface water irrigation as a tool for intensification.

  11. NEREUS- Network of European Regions Using Space - an initiative of regions to spread the use and understanding of space technologies across Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayazi, Roya

    2013-04-01

    NEREUS- Network of European Regions Using Space - an initiative of regions to spread the use and understanding of space technologies across Europe (Roya Ayazi, Secretary General NEREUS nereus.bruxelles@euroinbox.com) NEREUS currently unites 25 European regions and 39 Associate Members with the common objective to spread the use and understanding of space technologies across Europe for the benefit of regions and their citizens. As voice of European Regions, NEREUS serves as an advocate for the regions in matters of space uses and also as a direct channel to the regional users of space technologies (such as local authorities, SMEs, universities and research institutes and citizens). EO/GMES, Global Satellite Navigation and Telecommunication are identified by the NEREUS Political Charta as core areas of cooperation. NEREUS holds the view that broad societal awareness and involvement is vital to fully exploit Euope's space systems. Understanding the potentials of Copernicus and EGNOS/Galileo is in the first place an essential step for the development of the downstream sector. Therefore NEREUS makes special efforts to contribute with numerous network activities to communicate and promote the added value of space uses for public policies but also as valuable new business opportunities. In economic terms space uses are suited to stimulate economic growth and innovation dynamics at regional level. The network community produced several illustrative communication tools (publications, video, web-based tools, mobile NEREUS-exhibition) portraying examples how regions already use space systems and the concrete benefits for the citizens. Most of the NEREUS-publications and video are online: www.nereus-regions.eu. Pooling a considerable wealth of capabilities and expertise, the network offers its members a dynamic platform to collaborate and share experiences and knowledge inter regionally. But these tools were not only the outcome of an intensive regional collaboration but

  12. Technology utilization in a non-urban region: Further impact and technique of the Technology Use Studies Center, 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, H. C. (Editor); Moore, A. M.; Dodd, B.; Dittmar, V.

    1971-01-01

    The clientele served by the Technology Use Studies Center (TUSC) is updated. Manufacturing leads the list of client firms. The standard industrial classification (SIC) range of these firms is broad. Substantial numbers of college and university faculties are using TUSC services. Field operations inherent in the functions of dissemination and assistance are reviewed. Increasing emphasis among clientele is on environmental concerns and management. A record is provided of the institutions contacted and the extent of TUSC involvement with them, as well as TUSC's cooperation with agencies and organizations. The impact of TUSC and the NASA-sponsored Technology Utilization Program on other public agencies is discussed.

  13. Developing an integrated technology roadmapping process to meet regional technology planning needs: the e-bike pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cowan, Kelly R.; Daim, Tugrul U.; Walsh, Steven T.; Kocaoglu, Dundar F.; Anderson, Timothy R.; Daim, Tugrul U.; Kozanoglu, Dilek Cetindamar; Niwa, Kiyoshi; Perman, Gary

    2014-01-01

    Smart grid is a promising class of new technologies offering many potential benefits for electric utility systems, including possibilities for smart appliances which can communicate with power systems and help to better match supply and demand. Additional services include the ability to better integ

  14. Developing an integrated technology roadmapping process to meet regional technology planning needs: the e-bike pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cowan, Kelly R.; Daim, Tugrul U.; Walsh, Steven Thomas; Kocaoglu, Dundar F.; Anderson, Timothy R.; Daim, Tugrul U.; Kozanoglu, Dilek Cetindamar; Niwa, Kiyoshi; Perman, Gary

    2014-01-01

    Smart grid is a promising class of new technologies offering many potential benefits for electric utility systems, including possibilities for smart appliances which can communicate with power systems and help to better match supply and demand. Additional services include the ability to better

  15. Technology utilization in a non-urban region: Further impact and technique of the Technology Use Studies Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    Updated information is given pertaining to Technology Use Studies Center (TUSC) clients who are those that receive/use information as disseminated by the center. The client information is presented as a continuation of client data as set forth in the center's previous annual report.

  16. CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF UKRAINIAN NATIONAL HOUSING (PRYDNIPROVSK REGION IS AS AN EXAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EYVSEYEVA G. P.

    2016-03-01

    Building (with 20 figures into text. F.S. Dudko also describes in detail tehnology of ukrainian peasant houses construction as the safetiest and the cleanest houses of present. In the 70th of the XX century, works began to appear devoted to the study of nation architecture in Ukraine. The features of construction of one or another region, the types of peasant houses, their interior; construction of farm buildings, equipping of the yard were considered in this work. Among them A. Danyluk "Closed yards in Polesie" [6-7], A. Danyluk and M. Shpak "Traditional and new in boikivskyi housing construction" [8], M. Strunka "Ukrainian national housing of Mykolaivshchina" [16], M. Manurevich “Gagauz nation housing…”[14], Z. Petrova "Rural houses in the Carpathians" [15] and others [11; 13]. The purpose and the main directions of our research is to study the complex technology of the walls construction of the Ukrainians’national housing of Middle and Lower Naddniprianshchyny of Ukraine (of Prydniprovsk region of the end of XIX and middle of the XX century, as the Dnipropetrovsk region belongs to this historical and geographical, industrial and economic region.

  17. The Complementary Nature of Seismic and Infrasound Technologies in Regional Monitoring (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stump, B. W.; Hayward, C.; Park, J.

    2013-12-01

    Under current CTBTO event detection and location operating conditions, signal detection is a station-centric decision (was an event phase detected at this station?), rather than a global hypothesis test. Currently, infrasound and seismic detection use signal detectors run independently on each technology. It is only after event formation that the observations and inferences are merged. Development of this independent processing is a result of the vastly different signal and noise characteristics of these two waveform technologies. However, for specific signals there may be a utility to a joint seismic-infrasound detector. For example, noise estimates from one technology may help characterize or identify the noise on another technology (wind couples to both infrasound and seismic). Back-projection methods for both seismic and infrasound could easily be combined to produce a common seismo-acoustic detection and associated event location. The opportunity exists to integrate detection and location into a single multi-disciplinary approach. One such example is the ongoing infrasound detection and location procedure that utilizes an adaptive F-detector as input into the Bayesian Infrasonic Source Location (BISL, Modrak et al. 2010) procedure that provides an estimate of source location using assigned prior probabilities based on what is known of the propagation path and on the signal detector estimates (arrival time, phase velocity and azimuth). As the atmospheric model is better defined these priors may be changed, thus linking improved location estimates directly to improvements in atmospheric models. The final step following event location is identification. Seismic and infrasound observations and their interpretation for the recent set of North Korean nuclear explosions in 2006, 2009, and 2013 provide a motivation for multiple disciplinary approach to this step as well. Seismic analysis of these tests have documented that for existing parameterized source models

  18. Dissemination of CERN's Technology Transfer: Added Value from Regional Transfer Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofer, Franz

    2005-01-01

    Technologies developed at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, are disseminated via a network of external technology transfer officers. Each of CERN's 20 member states has appointed at least one technology transfer officer to help establish links with CERN. This network has been in place since 2001 and early experiences indicate…

  19. Science and Technology-based Regional Entrepreneurship in the Netherlands: Building Support Structures for Business Creation and Growth Entrepreneurship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Hulsink (Wim); K. Suddle (Kashifa); S.J.A. Hessels (Jolanda)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractIn this contribution we develop a theoretical framework derived from the national system of innovation literature and the subsequent criticisms voiced by regional scientists and industry/technology experts who emphasize the importance of the intermediate subnational and sectoral levels t

  20. Adoption of Web 2.0 Technology in Higher Education: A Case Study of Universities in National Capital Region, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyagi, Sunil

    2012-01-01

    The present study was conducted in six (6) Indian Universities at NCR (National Capital Region) of India to explore the usage analysis of Web 2.0 technologies in learning environment by faculty members. The investigator conducted a survey with the help of structured questionnaire on 300 respondents. A total of 300 self-administered questionnaires…

  1. [Identification of aluminum toxicity of soybean in red soil region with FTIR, TG and DT technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Hui-na; Liu, Peng; Xu, Gen-di

    2008-12-01

    Aluminum (Al) toxicity is one of the major constraints to crop production in acid soils. In order to provide a correct and effective identification method of aluminum toxicity of soybean in red soil regions, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal (DT) analysis were adopted to study the soybean root under different Al treatments. The results showed that the aluminum contents of soybean roots treated with 60 and 90 mg x L(-1) Al concentration were higher than that with other aluminum treatment, and the Al content reached significant aluminum toxicity level. In the same wavenumber range, the character, wavenumber and absorption peak of infrared spectra were different from those under different Al treatments. In summary, the absorption peaks at 3300, 2 930, 1542 and 721 cm(-1) were the characteristic peaks for identification that can be used to evaluate the Al toxicity of soybean. Detailed description is as follows: with the high aluminum treatment (60 and 90 mg x L(-1)), the characteristic peaks at 3300 and 2930 cm(-1) were higher than those with other aluminum treatment. There are no infrared bands at 1542 cm(-1) under 90 mg x L(-1) aluminum treatment, as the characteristic peak of Amide II. However, the characteristic peak at 721 cm(-1) was clearly shown at 60 and 90 mg x L(-1), but no sign was shown in 0, 10 and 30 mg x L(-1) aluminum concentration. Curves of TG and DT revealed the greatest difference with different Al treatment in the range of temperature of 400-500 degrees C. Under the Al treatment above 30 mg x L(-1), TG curve had less weight than that at 0 mg x L(-1), which indicated that the root system may be more lignified, producing some material hard to be burned. DT curve had double peaks at 60 and 90 mg x L(-1) Al treatments, which may also be used as identification mark of Al toxicity. Because some features were expressed under Al treatment with FTIR, TG and DT, the technology of FTIR, TG and DT

  2. Physical Characterization of human centromeric regions using transformation-associated recombination cloning technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vladimir Larionov, Ph D

    2007-06-05

    A special interest in the organization of human centromeric DNA was stimulated a few years ago when two independent groups succeeded in reconstituting a functional human centromere, using constructs carrying centromere-specific alphoid DNA arrays. This work demonstrated the importance of DNA components in mammalian centromeres and opened a way for studying the structural requirements for de novo kinetochore formation and for construction of human artificial chromosomes (HACs) with therapeutic potential. To elucidate the structural requirements for formation of HACs with a functional kinetochore, we developed a new method for cloning of large DNA fragments for human centromeric regions that can be used as a substrate for HAC formation. This method exploits in vivo recombination in yeast (TAR cloning). In addition, a new strategy for the construction of alphoid DNA arrays was developed in our lab. The strategy involves the construction of uniform or hybrid synthetic alphoid DNA arrays by the RCA-TAR technique. This technique comprises two steps: rolling circle amplification of an alphoid DNA dimer and subsequent assembling of the amplified fragments by in vivo homologous recombination in yeast (Figure 1). Using this system, we constructed a set of different synthetic alphoid DNA arrays with a predetermined sequence varying in size from 30 to 140 kb and demonstrated that some of the arrays are competent in HAC formation. Because any nucleotide can be changed in a dimer before its amplification, this new technique is optimal for identifying the structural requirements for de novo kinetochore formation in HACs. Moreover, the technique makes possible to introduce into alphoid DNA arrays recognition sites for DNA-binding proteins. We have made the following progress on the studying of human centromeric regions using transformation-associated recombination cloning technology: i) minimal size of alphoid DNA array required for de novo kinetochore formation was estimated; ii

  3. Technological properties of indigenous wine yeast strains isolated from wine production regions of Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bağder Elmacı, Simel; Özçelik, Filiz; Tokatlı, Mehmet; Çakır, İbrahim

    2014-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the important technological and fermentative properties of wine yeast strains previously isolated from different wine producing regions of Turkey. The determination of the following important properties was made: growth at high temperatures; fermentative capability in the presence of high sugar concentration; fermentation rate; hydrogen sulfide production; killer activity; resistance to high ethanol and sulfur dioxide; foam production; and enzymatic profiles. Ten local wine yeast strains belonging to Saccharomyces, and one commercial active dry yeast as a reference strain were evaluated. Fermentation characteristics were evaluated in terms of kinetic parameters, including ethanol yield (YP/S), biomass yield (YX/S), theoretical ethanol yield (%), specific ethanol production rate (qp; g/gh), specific glucose uptake rate (qs; g/gh), and the substrate conversion (%). All tested strains were able to grow at 37 °C and to start fermentation at 30° Brix, and were resistant to high concentrations of sulfur dioxide. 60 % of the strains were weak H2S producers, while the others produced high levels. Foam production was high, and no strains had killer activity. Six of the tested strains had the ability to grow and ferment at concentrations of 14 % ethanol. Except for one strain, all fermented most of the media sugars at a high rate, producing 11.0-12.4 % (v/v) ethanol. Although all but one strain had suitable characteristics for wine production, they possessed poor activities of glycosidase, esterase and proteinase enzymes of oenological interest. Nine of the ten local yeast strains were selected for their good oenological properties and their suitability as a wine starter culture.

  4. Indicator system of energy efficient technologies evaluation of residential buildings in hot summer and cold winter regions of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏煦

    2014-01-01

    The related existing energy saving index system of buildings is deficient in direction, index coverage, depth, and technological and economic considerations. Aiming at the deficient existing research and with the advancement of energy saving of buildings in China from northern heating regions to southern hot summer and cold winter regions, selecting residential buildings in hot summer and cold winter regions as the research object, and through much evaluation index reference and repeated demonstrations and the borrowing of literature research home and abroad and relevant energy saving standards, filters and eliminates energy efficient technologies evaluation indexes according to the design principle of index system, the factors influencing the energy saving of residential buildings are evaluated, index system weight is established by adopting analytic hierarchy process, and finally the evaluation index system of energy saving technologies of residential buildings in hot summer and cold winter area of China is established. Each target layer includes five standard layer indexes and sixteen index layer indexes. The standard layer of evaluation index, namely primary indexes, includes the technological, energy saving effect, economic, environmental, and social indexes. The secondary indexes are selected based on the principles of concision, comprehensiveness, representativeness and operability.

  5. Small Screen Technology Use among Indigenous Boarding School Adolescents from Remote Regions of Western Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Genevieve Marie; Oliver, Rhonda

    2014-01-01

    The uptake of small screen technology by adolescents is widespread, particularly in industrial nations. Whether the same is true for Australian Aboriginal youth is less clear as there is a dearth of research in this regard. Therefore, in this exploratory study the use of small screen technology by Indigenous students was examined. Twenty-four…

  6. Influence of natural and technological emergency situations on tourism and sustainable development in St.Petersburg and Leningrad region (Russia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shnyparkov, A. L.; Petrova, E. G.; Vashchalova, T. V.; Gavrilova, S. A.; Danilina, A. V.; Gryaznova, V. V.

    2012-04-01

    St.Petersburg and Leningrad region belong to the most populated and tourist-active regions in the European part of Russia. St.Petersburg is a second important transportation connection point in Russia, there are many industrial and infrastructure facilities in Leningrad region such as chemical plants, mechanic engineering, power stations including a nuclear power station, etc. That is why a lot of technical objects and people can be influenced or damaged by natural hazards and various types of technological accidents can be triggered by natural phenomena that have place in the region. According to the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situation, Leningrad region has a medium level of frequency of emergency situations caused by natural triggers (two to four cases a year). The climatic and orographic conditions of the area contribute to the development of many different types of dangerous natural processes such as floods, storms, strong winds, extreme heat and frost, snowfalls, heavy rains, hale, etc. Hydro-meteorological phenomena are the most often among all natural triggers of emergency situations in the region; about 50% of them are caused by storms and strong winds and 25% by floods. The biggest number of natural emergency situations happens in St.Petersburg. Storms make the marine navigation more difficult and even block the port sometimes. In Leningrad region, 5-10 villages and cities (including St.Petersburg) are at risk to be flooded. In November 1999, the work of Leningradskaya nuclear power station was partly blocked due to the increasing in water level. The federal road Moscow-St.Petersburg is often under influence of heavy snowfalls that cause many problems for transport system of the region during the winter. The majority of technological emergency situations are caused by fires in industrial facilities and residential sector, trafic accidents and shipcrashes. Sometimes natural phenomena can also trigger technological accidents. However, their frequency is

  7. Experiences in Applying Earth Observing Satellite Technology in SERVIR Regions with an Emphasis on Disasters: Successes, Lessons and Paths Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Eric

    2017-01-01

    Earth observing satellites offer a unique perspective of our environment from the vantage point of space. Repeated measurements of the Earths subsystems such as the biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and of humans interactions with their environments, allow for a better understanding of Earth system processes, and they can provide input for decision making in areas of environmental management and disaster risk reduction. SERVIR is a joint initiative of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the US Agency for International Development (USAID) that began in 2005 and has been active in applying Earth observations for sustainable development in many regions around the world, recently the Lower Mekong and West Africa regions. This talk will highlight some successes achieved and lessons learned through SERVIR in Central America, Eastern Southern Africa, and the Hindu Kush-Himalaya region, focusing on disasters. We will also present opportunities for enhanced decision making with Earth observations and geospatial technologies in the Lower Mekong region.

  8. Renewable energy resource and technology assessment: Southern Tier Central Region, New York, New York. Renewable Energy Resource Inventory; renewable energy technology handbook; technology assessment workbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-12-01

    The Renewable Energy Resource Inventory contains regional maps that record the location of renewable energy resources such as insolation, wind, biomass, and hydropower in the Southern Tier Central Region of New York State. It contains an outline of a process by which communities can prepare local renewable energy resource inventories using maps and overlays. The process starts with the mapping of the resources at a regional scale and telescopes to an analysis of resources at a site-specific scale. The resource inventory presents a site analysis of Sullivan Street Industrial Park, Elmira, New York.

  9. Whole blood pathogen reduction technology and blood safety in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review with regional discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asa'ah Nkohkwo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Despite vast improvements in transfusion services in sub-Saharan Africa over the last decade, there remain serious concerns on the safety and adequacy of the blood supply across the region.Objective: This review paper ascertains the role of pathogen reduction technology (PRT in improving blood safety and supply adequacy in the region.Method: The state of blood safety in sub-Saharan Africa was reviewed. Meetings, seminars and correspondence were undertaken with key clinicians, scientists and professional bodies in the region, including the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Africa, to examine the suitability of PRT for improving the safety of whole blood transfusion, a prevalent transfusion format in the region.Results: Existing literature suggests that combining PRT with current blood safety measures (such as serology would improve the safety and adequacy of the blood supply for transfusions in sub-Saharan Africa. This was echoed by the findings of the stakeholder meetings.Conclusion: Following a detailed appraisal of two leading PRT systems, the Mirasol® PRT System and the Cerus S-303 System, we suggest that companies conduct comprehensive toxicological evaluation of the agents used for PRT and publish this in the scientific literature. We also recommend that the safety and efficacy of these technologies should be established in a randomised clinical trial conducted in sub-Saharan Africa.

  10. THE FEATURES OF TECHNOLOGICAL UPGRADING OF THE METALLURGICAL ENTERPRISES IN THE REGION DURING IN TERMS OF THE WORLD CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Romanova

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The author examines the major trends and factors of metallurgy development of the region. Features and the need to preserve the taken direction of the innovative development of metallurgy are examined. Priorities of innovation development of metallurgical enterprises in the region in terms of the global financial crisis are proven; among them there are: upgrading and qualitative updating of a large part of the core based on the introduction of energy-saving technologies; expansion of production with high added value; increasing resource efficiency and reducing environmental impact; ensuring high-quality iron-ore raw materials.

  11. ATM Technology and Banking System in West African Sub-Region ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-04-19

    Apr 19, 2011 ... Automated Teller Machine (ATM) technology has had its significant impact in banking ... of unrestricted hours of service, cost and flexibility. But the .... supermarket, hotels and related merchant locations through point of sales.

  12. The regional expression of architecture technology%建筑技术的地域性表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文艳; 李静薇; 郭立伟

    2011-01-01

    通过对建筑技术应用手段进行分析,从建筑材料、建筑节能等方面进行论述,提出地域性建筑技术表达方式,从而探索在地域自然生态意义上实现可持续发展的建筑理论和设计思想。%This paper through analysed applied means of architecture technology, it discussed from building materials, building energy efficien- cy, presented expression way of the regional architecture technology, thus explored architecture theory and design concepts of sustainable development based on regional natural ecological significance.

  13. LOW - TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES AND REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS: THE SALMON INDUSTRY IN CHILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Maldonado Rojo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Results show that the worldwide competitiveness of the low-tech Salmon Industry in the Los Lagos region has not developed the principal factors permitting the consolidation of a Regional Innovation System (RIS. On the contrary we identify important gaps in terms of the regional conditions such as “networking”, “knowledge creation and diffusion”, among others, capable to stimulate the innovation behavior of salmon firms.

  14. New computer simulation technology of WSPEEDI for local and regional environmental assessment during nuclear emergency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chino, Masamichi; Furuno, Akiko; Terada, Hiroaki; Kitabata, Hideyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-Ken (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    The increase of nuclear power plants in the Asian region necessitates the capability to predict long-range atmospheric dispersions of radionuclides and radiological impacts due to a nuclear accident. For this purpose, we have developed a computer-based emergency response system WSPEEDI. This paper aims to expanding the capability of WSPEEDI so that it can be applied to simultaneous multi-scale predictions of local and regional scales in the Asian region.

  15. The regional electricity generation mix in Scotland: A portfolio selection approach incorporating marine technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allan, Grant, E-mail: grant.j.allan@strath.ac.u [Fraser of Allander Institute, Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde, Sir William Duncan Building, 130 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0GE (United Kingdom); Eromenko, Igor; McGregor, Peter [Fraser of Allander Institute, Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde, Sir William Duncan Building, 130 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0GE (United Kingdom); Swales, Kim [Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde, Sir William Duncan Building, 130 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0GE (United Kingdom)

    2011-01-15

    Standalone levelised cost assessments of electricity supply options miss an important contribution that renewable and non-fossil fuel technologies can make to the electricity portfolio: that of reducing the variability of electricity costs, and their potentially damaging impact upon economic activity. Portfolio theory applications to the electricity generation mix have shown that renewable technologies, their costs being largely uncorrelated with non-renewable technologies, can offer such benefits. We look at the existing Scottish generation mix and examine drivers of changes out to 2020. We assess recent scenarios for the Scottish generation mix in 2020 against mean-variance efficient portfolios of electricity-generating technologies. Each of the scenarios studied implies a portfolio cost of electricity that is between 22% and 38% higher than the portfolio cost of electricity in 2007. These scenarios prove to be mean-variance 'inefficient' in the sense that, for example, lower variance portfolios can be obtained without increasing portfolio costs, typically by expanding the share of renewables. As part of extensive sensitivity analysis, we find that Wave and Tidal technologies can contribute to lower risk electricity portfolios, while not increasing portfolio cost. - Research Highlights: {yields} Portfolio analysis of scenarios for Scotland's electricity generating mix in 2020. {yields} Reveals potential inefficiencies of selecting mixes based on levelised cost alone. {yields} Portfolio risk-reducing contribution of Wave and Tidal technologies assessed.

  16. AUTHOCTHONOUS MICROFLORA IN BIOLOGICAL PRESERVATION OF FOODS: TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF STRAINS ISOLATED FROM A PGI PRODUCT OF MARCHE REGION: CIAUSCOLO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Ciarrocchi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of an investigation concerning the microbial population of Ciauscolo salami produced in the hinterland of the Marche Region, are reported. Phenotypic assays, namely inhibitory activity against Listeria monocytogenes, acidification ability, proteolysis, and lipolysis were performed. The technological characterization highlighted the presence of a high diversity of autochthonous bacterial population among the 14 producers investigated and a certain number of genetically different strains to be potentially used as starter cultures for the manufacture of Ciauscolo.

  17. An integrated approach to scale up the market penetration of low carbon technologies in developing countries and water scarce regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Michelle Angela

    Water scarcity is a global challenge that stifles social and economic growth. There is a growing concern to examine the water-energy nexus to understand the importance of applying energy and water interactions to technology. In developing countries there are many communities that live off-grid in remote region with no access to electricity or clean water. Additionally, there are developed countries that are located in regions with electricity but no access to clean water. Recent developments in renewable energy technology and energy policies have greatly reduced the costs of renewable energy making them more attractive and affordable. The purpose of this dissertation is to evaluate the main barriers to deploying renewables to non-Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (non-OECD) countries and member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This dissertation examines the potential of renewable desalination technology systems across emerging countries. The findings of this research can serve as the basis for investors interested in entering this market. The combined chapters seek to address potential problems regarding the costs, methods, and tools required for the implementation of the appropriate water purification technologies for off-grid, community scale infrastructures.

  18. Spatial Variation of Regional Sustainable Development and its Relationship to the Allocation of Science and Technology Resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Wu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing of labor salaries, the RMB exchange rate, resource product prices and requirements of environmental protection, inexpensive labor and land are no longer the decisive factor of regional competitiveness. From this perspective, China needs to shift from the extensive development mode to the sustainable development mode. Science and technology resources rational allocation is one of the key issues in sustainable development. Based on the counties (districts data of Zhejiang Province in China, this paper portrays the spatial variation of regional sustainable development level of this area. This paper finds that counties tend to cluster in groups with the same sustainable development level, and this agglomeration trend has been enforced during the past several years. It then testifies to the relationship between the allocation of science and technology resources and local sustainable development, identifies science and technology human resources, financial resources and environmental resource are positively related to local sustainable development, except government financial support. The economic level has a negative relationship with regional sustainable development. This is because the development of the Zhejiang economy grown at the expense of the environment and ecosystem. Some advice is given according to the empirical analysis result.

  19. Development of entrained-flow gasification technologies in the Asia-Pacific region (review)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryzhkov, A. F.; Bogatova, T. F.; Lingyan, Zeng; Osipov, P. V.

    2016-11-01

    The gasifier that provides solid fuel conversion to produce syngas with relevant parameters is the key element of plants generating electric and thermal power, producing chemicals from coal. The purpose of this article is to analyze the modern trends in the development of gasification technologies and determine technical solutions providing the high efficiency of gasifiers and the characteristics of generated syngas that meet the requirements established by the process user. Based on the analysis of the world gasification technologies database, which includes all types of gasifiers in use and gasifiers at the construction or design stage, the data on the development of entrained-flow gasification technologies in the Asia-Pacific (AP) countries are discussed. The major constructional components of gasification plants, fuel-feed and syngas cooling methods and their influence on the efficiency and operational reliability are considered. The analysis of technological solutions confirmed the prospectivity of dry-feed entrained-flow technologies. The staged organization of the gasification process makes it possible to solve issues of increasing the economic and environmental indicators of gasification plant operation. The basic directions of modernization of entrained-flow gasifiers for improving their technical-and-economic perfomance was determined.

  20. The regional electricity generation mix in Scotland. A portfolio selection approach incorporating marine technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allan, Grant; Eromenko, Igor; McGregor, Peter [Fraser of Allander Institute, Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde, Sir William Duncan Building, 130 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0GE (United Kingdom); Swales, Kim [Department of Economics, University of Strathclyde, Sir William Duncan Building, 130 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0GE (United Kingdom)

    2011-01-15

    Standalone levelised cost assessments of electricity supply options miss an important contribution that renewable and non-fossil fuel technologies can make to the electricity portfolio: that of reducing the variability of electricity costs, and their potentially damaging impact upon economic activity. Portfolio theory applications to the electricity generation mix have shown that renewable technologies, their costs being largely uncorrelated with non-renewable technologies, can offer such benefits. We look at the existing Scottish generation mix and examine drivers of changes out to 2020. We assess recent scenarios for the Scottish generation mix in 2020 against mean-variance efficient portfolios of electricity-generating technologies. Each of the scenarios studied implies a portfolio cost of electricity that is between 22% and 38% higher than the portfolio cost of electricity in 2007. These scenarios prove to be mean-variance 'inefficient' in the sense that, for example, lower variance portfolios can be obtained without increasing portfolio costs, typically by expanding the share of renewables. As part of extensive sensitivity analysis, we find that Wave and Tidal technologies can contribute to lower risk electricity portfolios, while not increasing portfolio cost. (author)

  1. Skill-biased technological change: The case of the MENA region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mnif Sirine

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Our work treats the relationship between inequality and technological change. Specifically, we focus on the transmission mechanisms by which technological innovation affects inequality in access to employment. The objective of this article is to determine the effect of the diffusion of innovation on the demand for skilled and non-skilled labour. It focuses on the concept of technological bias and the role of inequality between skilled and unskilled workers. The empirical validation of this work is based on the technique of the dynamic panel. An estimate using the method of Arellano and Bond seems more relevant. There is a positive relationship between innovation and the demand for skilled labour but a negative relationship with unskilled labour. This result is confirmed in our sample of countries.

  2. Network of European regions using space technologies an update on the NEREUS constitution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morelli, Marianna; Campostrini, Pierpaolo

    2010-01-01

    The EU and ESA space research and development programmes give a consolidated model for international cooperation. They represent a good framework to develop and enhance different initiatives at global, regional and local level. The impact of space activities covers different areas of interest such as: the development of Earth observation applications for environment monitoring and risk prevention and management, the development of satellite communications and information systems, the exploitation of global satellite positioning and navigation systems, the knowledge of the Universe, the utilisation of ground segment engineering. These activities involve also the regional and local governments. This is particularly evident if we look at the competences of the European regional governments. Several European regions deal with a number of issues in areas linked to space activities. In line with these reflections a number of European regional governments supported by the Committee of the Regions launched the idea to create a Network of European Regions Using Space technologies—NEREUS. This Network is an International non-profit association (AISBL— Association International Sans But Lucratif) under Belgian law. The aim of this paper is to review the course of the initiative since its launch in April 2006, giving an update of the work done for its constitution.

  3. U.S.-MEXICO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; BILATERAL TECHNICAL EXCHANGES FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE BORDER REGION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, Richard, D., Dr.

    2007-10-01

    s challenging environmental issues. The results also brought focus to the potential contributions that DOE’s science and technology could make for solving the many difficult, multi-generational problems faced by hundreds of bi-national communities along the 2,000-mile shared border of the United States and Mexico. Efforts to address these U.S.-Mexico border issues were initially sponsored by the DOE’s Albuquerque and Carlsbad offices. In subsequent years, the U.S. Congress directed appropriations to DOE’s Carlsbad office to address public health, safety and security issues prevalent within U.S.-Mexico border communities. With ASL’s assistance, DOE’s Albuquerque office developed contacts and formed partnerships with interested U.S and Mexican government, academic, and commercial organizations. Border industries, industrial effluents, and public health conditions were evaluated and documented. Relevant technologies were then matched to environmental problem sets along the border. Several technologies that were identified and subsequently supported by this effort are now operational in a number of U.S.-Mexico border communities, several communities within Mexico’s interior states, and in other parts of Latin America. As a result, some serious public health threats within these communities caused by exposure to toxic airborne pollutants have been reduced. During this time, DOE’s Carlsbad office hosted a bilateral conference to establish a cross-border consensus on what should be done on the basis of these earlier investigative efforts. Participating border region stakeholders set an agenda for technical collaborations. This agenda was supported by several Members of Congress who provided appropriations and directed DOE’s Carlsbad office to initiate technology demonstration projects. During the following two years, more than 12 private-sector and DOE-sponsored technologies were demonstrated in partnership with numerous border community stakeholders. All technologies

  4. CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

    1998-11-01

    As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

  5. Innovation performance and clusters : a dynamic capability perspective on regional technology clusters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Röttmer, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    This research provides a novel, empirically tested, actionable theory of cluster innovativeness. Cluster innovativeness has for long been subject of research and resulting policy efforts. The cluster's endowment with assets, such as specialized labor, firms, research institutes, existing regional

  6. Innovation performance and clusters : a dynamic capability perspective on regional technology clusters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Röttmer, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    This research provides a novel, empirically tested, actionable theory of cluster innovativeness. Cluster innovativeness has for long been subject of research and resulting policy efforts. The cluster's endowment with assets, such as specialized labor, firms, research institutes, existing regional ne

  7. Clean Technology Fund Investment Plan Approved for Concentrated Solar Power in the MENA Region

    OpenAIRE

    Coma-Cunill, Roger; Govindarajalu, Chandra; Pariente-David, Silvia; Walters, Jonathan

    2009-01-01

    The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) clean technology fund investment plan proposes co-financing of $750 million and mobilizes an additional $4.85 billion from other sources to accelerate deployment of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) by investing in the CSP expansion programs of Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia. Specifically, the Investment Plan will support MENA countries to ...

  8. Comparison of Regional Innovation System of High and New Technology Enterprise Cluster Between Beijing and Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ingo Liefner

    2007-01-01

    <正>China’s economy has achieved remarkable progress since its reform and opening-up to the outside world in the 1980s. The in-vestment in technology in areas along the eastern coast has increased greatly. It has noticeably enlarged the gap between the eastern coastal area and the western in-

  9. Technology Outlook for International Schools in Asia, 2014. An NMC Horizon Project Regional Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, L.; Adams Becker, S.; Cummins, M.; Estrada, V.

    2014-01-01

    This report is a collaborative research effort between the New Media Consortium (NMC), Concordia International School Shanghai, and NIST International School in Bangkok, Thailand, to help inform international school leaders in Asia about significant developments in technologies supporting teaching, learning, and creative inquiry in primary and…

  10. Lean diesel technology and human health: a case study in six Brazilian metropolitan regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Afonso de André

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Due to their toxicity, diesel emissions have been submitted to progressively more restrictive regulations in developed countries. However, in Brazil, the implementation of the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy (Euro IV standards for vehicles produced in 2009 and low-sulfur diesel with 50 ppm of sulfur was postponed until 2012 without a comprehensive analysis of the effect of this delay on public health parameters. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the delay in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy on health indicators and monetary health costs in Brazil. METHODS: The primary estimator of exposure to air pollution was the concentration of ambient fine particulate matter (particles with aerodynamic diameters <2.5 μm, [PM2.5]. This parameter was measured daily in six Brazilian metropolitan areas during 2007-2008. We calculated 1 the projected reduction in the PM2.5 that would have been achieved if the Euro IV standards had been implemented in 2009 and 2 the expected reduction after implementation in 2012. The difference between these two time curves was transformed into health outcomes using previous dose-response curves. The economic valuation was performed based on the DALY (disability-adjusted life years method. RESULTS: The delay in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy will result in an estimated excess of 13,984 deaths up to 2040. Health expenditures are projected to be increased by nearly US$ 11.5 billion for the same period. CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that a significant health burden will occur because of the postponement in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy. These results also reinforce the concept that health effects must be considered when revising fuel and emission policies.

  11. Lean diesel technology and human health: a case study in six Brazilian metropolitan regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    André, Paulo Afonso de; Veras, Mariana Matera; Miraglia, Simone Georges El Khouri; Saldiva, Paulo Hilário Nascimento

    2012-01-01

    Due to their toxicity, diesel emissions have been submitted to progressively more restrictive regulations in developed countries. However, in Brazil, the implementation of the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy (Euro IV standards for vehicles produced in 2009 and low-sulfur diesel with 50 ppm of sulfur) was postponed until 2012 without a comprehensive analysis of the effect of this delay on public health parameters. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the delay in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy on health indicators and monetary health costs in Brazil. The primary estimator of exposure to air pollution was the concentration of ambient fine particulate matter (particles with aerodynamic diameters policy will result in an estimated excess of 13,984 deaths up to 2040. Health expenditures are projected to be increased by nearly US$ 11.5 billion for the same period. The present results indicate that a significant health burden will occur because of the postponement in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy. These results also reinforce the concept that health effects must be considered when revising fuel and emission policies.

  12. The Right Way Through the Region of Sin: Islam, Bioethics and New Reproductive Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Pišev

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In the 1980s numerous debates were held in the House of Lords on the scientific research of embryos, with certain participants attempting to point out the difference between two styles of thought, namely, religious and scientific thought. Yet was the conflict in the House of Lords between two styles of thinking, or rather between the proponents of the scientific approach, on the one hand, and the proponents of religious thought, on the other, for intellectual and moral domination in society? Clearly, these debates hinted at something beyond and something more complex than a mere concern about embryos. What was actually being problematized? Or, to put it differently, to what extent does the use of bioreproductive technologies call into question the notions and issues of ethics, procreation and kinship, regardless of the religious dogma that considers the possibilities of their application? This paper will be confined to an analysis of Islamic dogma and any correspondences between this dogma and certain aspects of the new reproductive technologies. Still, in order to be able to discuss the relation between the new reproductive technologies and Islamic ethics, it is necessary to devote the greater part of this paper to an interpretation of how man is perceived in the context of the Koran.

  13. Energy-saving Technology of Vent in Passive Solar Wall of Rural House of Severe Cold Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Ling; TianYu Zhao; Hong Jin; XiPeng Zhao

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims at solving the problems of low thermal collection rate, inconvenient maintenance, hindering indoor using during the application of passive solar technologies in rural houses in severe cold region. All these defects prevent the passive solar houses'further development. This paper chooses trombe wall, which has higher thermal efficiency of the passive solar house, as research object. The traditional vent is improved into a new type of ventilation device. This improvement overcomes the shortcoming, which traditional vent loses huge heat, and simplifies the construction of vent. Comparing with traditional trombe wall, the energy saving rate is 15�69%.

  14. Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology Volume 53, Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-12-01

    the velocity distribution in ping-pong- Martian north polar cap 1996-1997 [1999, eng] 53-3536 Ishii , S. ball avalanches [1998, eng] 53-2020 Iwasaki...warming [1988, Siberian Platform [1997, eng] 53-1740 Scharroo, R. eng] 53-1118 Sawa ,Y. Antarctic elevation change from 1992 to 1996 [1998, Schlich,R. Size...freezing technology for environmental remediation. road surface. Ishii , S., et al, [1998,eng] 53-2958 Atlantic Oceans-Reykjanes Ridge Dash, J.G., [1999,eng

  15. GIS technology in regional recognition of the distribution pattern of multifloral honey: The chemical traits in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radović D.I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available GIS is a computer-based system to input, store, manipulate, analyze and output spatially referenced data. There is a huge range application of GIS that generally sets out to fulfill: mapping, measurement, monitoring, modeling and management. In this study, GIS technology was used for the regional recognition of origin and distribution patterns of multifloral honey chemical traits in Serbia. This included organizing and analyzing the spatial and attributive data of 164 honey samples collected from different regions of Serbia during the harvesting season of 2009. Multifloral honey was characterized in regards to mineral composition, sugar content and basic physicochemical properties. The kriging method of Geostatistical Analyst was used for interpolation to predict values of a sampled variable over the whole territory of Serbia. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 46002, OI 172017 and 451-03-2372-IP Type 1/107

  16. A Molecular Chipper technology for CRISPR sgRNA library generation and functional mapping of noncoding regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Jijun; Roden, Christine A; Pan, Wen; Zhu, Shu; Baccei, Anna; Pan, Xinghua; Jiang, Tingting; Kluger, Yuval; Weissman, Sherman M; Guo, Shangqin; Flavell, Richard A; Ding, Ye; Lu, Jun

    2016-03-30

    Clustered regularly-interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-based genetic screens using single-guide-RNA (sgRNA) libraries have proven powerful to identify genetic regulators. Applying CRISPR screens to interrogate functional elements in noncoding regions requires generating sgRNA libraries that are densely covering, and ideally inexpensive, easy to implement and flexible for customization. Here we present a Molecular Chipper technology for generating dense sgRNA libraries for genomic regions of interest, and a proof-of-principle screen that identifies novel cis-regulatory domains for miR-142 biogenesis. The Molecular Chipper approach utilizes a combination of random fragmentation and a type III restriction enzyme to derive a densely covering sgRNA library from input DNA. Applying this approach to 17 microRNAs and their flanking regions and with a reporter for miR-142 activity, we identify both the pre-miR-142 region and two previously unrecognized cis-domains important for miR-142 biogenesis, with the latter regulating miR-142 processing. This strategy will be useful for identifying functional noncoding elements in mammalian genomes.

  17. The use of formulation technology to assess regional gastrointestinal drug absorption in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basit, Abdul W; Podczeck, Fridrun; Newton, J Michael; Waddington, Wendy A; Ell, Peter J; Lacey, Larry F

    2004-02-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using oral modified-release formulations for the purposes of site-specific targeting and regional drug absorption assessment in man. An immediate release pellet formulation containing ranitidine as the model drug of choice for the study was fabricated by extrusion-spheronisation, and then film coated with either the enteric polymer polyvinyl acetate phthalate or the bacteria-degradable polymer amylose, in combination with ethylcellulose, to effect drug release within the small intestine and colon, respectively. Optimised formulations were evaluated in vivo in ten healthy volunteers, who each received, on four separate occasions, the immediate release, small intestinal release and colonic release formulations (each equivalent to 150mg ranitidine), and an intravenous injection of ranitidine (equivalent to 50mg ranitidine). Blood samples were collected and assessed for ranitidine concentration, and radiolabelled placebo pellets were co-administered with the coated ranitidine pellets to monitor their gastrointestinal transit using a gamma camera. Ranitidine was rapidly released and absorbed from the immediate release formulation, whereas the enteric formulation (10% coat weight gain) delayed drug release until some or all of the pellets had emptied into the small intestine. The amylose-ethylcellulose coated formulation (coat ratio 1:3, coat weight gain 25%) retarded ranitidine release until the pellets had reached the colon. The mean absolute bioavailability of ranitidine from the immediate release, small intestinal release and colonic release formulations were 50.6, 46.1 and 5.5%, respectively. These data are in general agreement to those obtained from a previous regional intubation study. The present study therefore demonstrates the practical potential of utilising a non-invasive, formulation-based approach to assess drug absorption from different regions of the human gastrointestinal tract.

  18. Towards an optimization of the LHC intersection region using new magnet technology

    CERN Document Server

    McIntyre, P; Koutchouk, Jean-Pierre

    2006-01-01

    A strategy for optimizing the intersection region of LHC is presented. The quadrupole triplet is moved closer to the intersection point, within the footprint of the detectors. The 350 T/m inner quadrupole is designed using a structured cable that incorporates internal refrigeration with supercritical helium. The separation dipole utilizes a levitated-pole design. This approach opens the possibility to achieve a minimum β* without increase of the chromatic and geometric aberrations. The crossing angle can be reduced, and the aperture required in the quadrupole triplet is reduced significantly. The additional space that is opened in the lattice can be used for additional quads to improve the insertion matching.

  19. The Impact of Technology-based Clusters on Regional Development: The Case of the Grand Poitiers Futuroscope Technopole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Scheel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Several well-recognized cities in the world have leaped to outstanding levels of economicand social development leveraged by specific breakthrough drivers. For the region ofPoitou-Charentes in France, the presence of the Futuroscope Amusement Park in the cityof Poitiers has become a significant tourist attraction that now produces a dilemma. Is thisinfrastructure sufficient for assembling the “Grand Poitiers Technopole” as a successfulhigh-technology cluster? To reach the conditions to assemble this high-tech cluster, theregion must have the potential to articulate, manage and govern aggressive innovationstrategies. Following the results of a study of several innovative cities around the globe, basic enablingmechanisms were found that have broken with the conventional growth paradigms withatypical breakthrough innovations, and have now achieved world-class disrupting performances,a global branding and status as successful poles of technological innovation. Theresults obtained show the features of the existing technopole as the ones to enhance inorder to have a world-class positioning for the region.

  20. U.S.-MEXICO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; BILATERAL TECHNICAL EXCHANGES FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE BORDER REGION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, Richard, D., Dr.

    2007-10-01

    s challenging environmental issues. The results also brought focus to the potential contributions that DOE’s science and technology could make for solving the many difficult, multi-generational problems faced by hundreds of bi-national communities along the 2,000-mile shared border of the United States and Mexico. Efforts to address these U.S.-Mexico border issues were initially sponsored by the DOE’s Albuquerque and Carlsbad offices. In subsequent years, the U.S. Congress directed appropriations to DOE’s Carlsbad office to address public health, safety and security issues prevalent within U.S.-Mexico border communities. With ASL’s assistance, DOE’s Albuquerque office developed contacts and formed partnerships with interested U.S and Mexican government, academic, and commercial organizations. Border industries, industrial effluents, and public health conditions were evaluated and documented. Relevant technologies were then matched to environmental problem sets along the border. Several technologies that were identified and subsequently supported by this effort are now operational in a number of U.S.-Mexico border communities, several communities within Mexico’s interior states, and in other parts of Latin America. As a result, some serious public health threats within these communities caused by exposure to toxic airborne pollutants have been reduced. During this time, DOE’s Carlsbad office hosted a bilateral conference to establish a cross-border consensus on what should be done on the basis of these earlier investigative efforts. Participating border region stakeholders set an agenda for technical collaborations. This agenda was supported by several Members of Congress who provided appropriations and directed DOE’s Carlsbad office to initiate technology demonstration projects. During the following two years, more than 12 private-sector and DOE-sponsored technologies were demonstrated in partnership with numerous border community stakeholders. All technologies

  1. Space Technology 5 (ST-5) Observations of the Imbalance of Region 1 and 2 Field-Aligned Currents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Guan

    2010-01-01

    Space Technology 5 (ST-5) is a three micro-satellite constellation deployed into a 300 x 4500 km, dawn-dusk, sun-synchronous polar orbit from March 22 to June 21, 2006, for technology validations. In this study, we use the in-situ magnetic field observations from Space Technology 5 mission to quantify the imbalance of Region 1 (R1) and Region 2 (R2) currents. During the three-month duration of the ST5 mission, geomagnetic conditions range from quiet to moderately active. We find that the R1 current intensity is consistently stronger than the R2 current intensity both for the dawnside and the duskside large-scale field-aligned current system. The net currents flowing into (out of) the ionosphere in the dawnside (duskside) are in the order of 5% of the total RI currents. We also find that the net currents flowing into or out of the ionosphere are controlled by the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction in the same way as the field-aligned currents themselves are. Since the net currents due to the imbalance of the R1 and R2 currents require that their closure currents flow across the polar cap from dawn to dusk as Pedersen currents, our results indicate that the total amount of the cross-polar cap Pedersen currents is in the order of approx. 0.1 MA. This study, although with a very limited dataset, is one of the first attempts to quantify the cross-polar cap Pedersen currents. Given the importance of the Joule heating due to Pedersen currents to the high-latitude ionospheric electrodynamics, quantifying the cross-polar cap Pedersen currents and associated Joule heating is needed for developing models of the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling.

  2. Influence of regional development policies and clean technology adoption on future air pollution exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hixson, Mark; Mahmud, Abdullah; Hu, Jianlin; Bai, Song; Niemeier, Debbie A.; Handy, Susan L.; Gao, Shengyi; Lund, Jay R.; Sullivan, Dana Coe; Kleeman, Michael J.

    2010-02-01

    Future air pollution emissions in the year 2030 were estimated for the San Joaquin Valley (SJV) in central California using a combined system of land use, mobile, off-road, stationary, area, and biogenic emissions models. Four scenarios were developed that use different assumptions about the density of development and level of investment in transportation infrastructure to accommodate the expected doubling of the SJV population in the next 20 years. Scenario 1 reflects current land-use patterns and infrastructure while scenario 2 encouraged compact urban footprints including redevelopment of existing urban centers and investments in transit. Scenario 3 allowed sprawling development in the SJV with reduced population density in existing urban centers and construction of all planned freeways. Scenario 4 followed currently adopted land use and transportation plans for the SJV. The air quality resulting from these urban development scenarios was evaluated using meteorology from a winter stagnation event that occurred on December 15th, 2000 to January 7th 2001. Predicted base-case PM2.5 mass concentrations within the region exceeded 35 μg m -3 over the 22-day episode. Compact growth reduced the PM2.5 concentrations by ˜1 μg m -3 relative to the base-case over most of the SJV with the exception of increases (˜1 μg m -3) in urban centers driven by increased concentrations of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC). Low-density development increased the PM2.5 concentrations by 1-4 μg m -3 over most of the region, with decreases (0.5-2 μg m -3) around urban areas. Population-weighted average PM2.5 concentrations were very similar for all development scenarios ranging between 16 and 17.4 μg m -3. Exposure to primary PM components such as EC and OC increased 10-15% for high density development scenarios and decreased by 11-19% for low-density scenarios. Patterns for secondary PM components such as nitrate and ammonium ion were almost exactly reversed, with a 10

  3. Exploring the potential impact of implementing carbon capture technologies in fossil fuel power plants on regional European water stress index levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schakel, W.B.; Pfister, Stephan; Ramirez, C.A.

    2015-01-01

    Equipping power plants with carbon capture technology can affect cooling demand and water use. This study has explored the potential impact of large scale deployment of power plants with carbon capture technologies on future regional water stress in Europe. A database including 458 of European large

  4. Exploring the potential impact of implementing carbon capture technologies in fossil fuel power plants on regional European water stress index levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schakel, W.B.; Pfister, Stephan; Ramirez, C.A.

    Equipping power plants with carbon capture technology can affect cooling demand and water use. This study has explored the potential impact of large scale deployment of power plants with carbon capture technologies on future regional water stress in Europe. A database including 458 of European

  5. Exploring the potential impact of implementing carbon capture technologies in fossil fuel power plants on regional European water stress index levels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schakel, W.B.; Pfister, Stephan; Ramirez, C.A.

    2015-01-01

    Equipping power plants with carbon capture technology can affect cooling demand and water use. This study has explored the potential impact of large scale deployment of power plants with carbon capture technologies on future regional water stress in Europe. A database including 458 of European large

  6. Biomass gasification technology nationalization and human resources formation in North region: GASEIBRAS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coelho, Suani Teixeira; Velazquez, Silvia Maria Stortini Gonzalez; Santos, Sandra Maria Apolinario dos; Lora, Beatriz Acquaro [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Biomassa (CENBIO), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: suani@iee.usp.br, e-mail: sgvelaz@iee.usp.br, e-mail: sandra@iee.usp.br, e-mail: blora@iee.usp.br

    2008-07-01

    Gasification systems already developed in Brazil are not adjusted to the electricity production at isolated communities, because this models that supply a gas with satisfactory properties to this end, are projected to operate with coal and not with biomass in natura, what implies in the biomass transformation in coal with all the environmental impacts and loss of thermodynamic income associates to this practical. These problems had been surpassed with the GASEIFAMAZ Project development realized by CENBIO in the last two years. The project, that it aimed to make possible the electricity supply expansion in communities without energy access in the country north region, consisted of two gasification systems importation from the Indian Institute of Science, tests accomplishment and its transference to an isolated community. (author)

  7. Carbon Capture and Storage in the Permian Basin, a Regional Technology Transfer and Training Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rychel, Dwight

    2013-09-30

    The Permian Basin Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) Training Center was one of seven regional centers formed in 2009 under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and managed by the Department of Energy. Based in the Permian Basin, it is focused on the utilization of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) projects for the long term storage of CO2 while producing a domestic oil and revenue stream. It delivers training to students, oil and gas professionals, regulators, environmental and academia through a robust web site, newsletter, tech alerts, webinars, self-paced online courses, one day workshops, and two day high level forums. While course material prominently features all aspects of the capture, transportation and EOR utilization of CO2, the audience focus is represented by its high level forums where selected graduate students with an interest in CCUS interact with Industry experts and in-house workshops for the regulatory community.

  8. THE DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF PREFERENTIAL PROVISION OF MEDICINES IN THE KRASNODAR REGION WITH THE USE OF CLOUD TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalafyan A. A.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The dynamic development of information technologies in medicine of the Krasnodar region, associated with the introduction of modern information systems in healthcare for 2011 - 2014 years has an impact on the system of issuing and servicing preferential recipes and prescriptions for controlled drugs. The introduction of a fundamentally new system of health care based on modern standards, common to the whole territory of the Russian Federation could not be possible to implement without providing healthcare organizations the tools to monitor indicators of prescribing beneficiary drug coverage (BDC transmitted electronically to pharmacies. In supplying all the participants of the program with the necessary drugs (ND in the Krasnodar region there is an urgent problem and visualization of information of BDC activities. Improving management by improving the efficiency and reliability of the information for all levels of management in a hierarchical structure of health is directly related to the quality of social services for certain categories of citizens in accordance with the Federal Law issued on July, 17th 1999 178-FZ "On state social assistance." This paper describes a methodology for the creation of a single automated database, which can be placed in both the private secure cloud and in the public, with the possibility of access to information in the workplace using the Internet. Working with a database is implemented by means of language T-SQL. Access to the system of end-users is implemented with taking into account the information security by means of the technology called "thin client". As an application, we use the Services Reporting Services - Reporting server platform that provides opportunities for convenient work with reports of various data sources. The database is filled according to the information of the state health care budget "Medical Information and Analytical Center" of The Ministry of Health of the Krasnodar region. We have

  9. Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Online-Offline, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on technology, on advances in such areas as aeronautics, electronics, physics, the space sciences, as well as computers and the attendant progress in medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Describes educational resources for elementary and middle school students, including Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videotapes, books,…

  10. Present status and trend of oil/gas field exploration technology in polar region. Part 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saka, Koji

    1988-10-01

    The supporting system necessary for the oil/gas field exploration in the polar region includes the transportation of material/equipment between the support base and production site, maintenance/repair of exploration/production equipment, salvage and other systems. For the transportation, ice breakers, supply boats, trucks, helicopters and aircrafts are used. To heighten the ice breaker in ice breaking capacity, there is progress in bow shape, paint coating and power source, of which the main feature is the adoption of spoon shaped bow and diesel or turbine engine. For the transportation of personnel and material/equipment, the aircraft, and long flight range and high transport capacity helicopter being used, the hovercraft and vertical take-off and landing aircraft will be further introduced in no distant future. Besides, Archimedian screw type amphibian vehicle is in expectation for the various work use, and manned or unmanned submarine boat for the submarine work/maintenance use, diving unit for the submarine maintenance/inspection use and submarine burying unit for the pipeline burying use are developed. 23 figures, 18 tables.

  11. Carbon Capture and Storage in the Permian Basin, a Regional Technology Transfer and Training Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rychel, Dwight [Petroleum Tech Transfer Council, Oak Hill, VA (United States)

    2013-09-30

    The Permian Basin Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) Training Center was one of seven regional centers formed in 2009 under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and managed by the Department of Energy. Based in the Permian Basin, it is focused on the utilization of CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) projects for the long term storage of CO2 while producing a domestic oil and revenue stream. It delivers training to students, oil and gas professionals, regulators, environmental and academia through a robust web site, newsletter, tech alerts, webinars, self-paced online courses, one day workshops, and two day high level forums. While course material prominently features all aspects of the capture, transportation and EOR utilization of CO2, the audience focus is represented by its high level forums where selected graduate students with an interest in CCUS interact with Industry experts and in-house workshops for the regulatory community.

  12. The altarpieces of Della Robbia atelier in Marche region: investigations on technology and provenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amadori, M. L.; Barcelli, S.; Barcaioni, S.; Bouquillon, A.; Padeletti, G.; Pallante, P.

    2013-12-01

    Dissemination of Della Robbia glazed terracotta in the Marche (Italy) region started from the third decade of the 16th century. Numerous altarpieces, some of which no longer exist, document this artistic production. The protagonists of this diffusion phase were two of Andrea Della Robbia's sons, Marco (Fra Mattia) and Francesco (Fra Ambrogio). This paper shows the results of the scientific investigations carried out on constitutive materials of different altarpieces located in South Marche belonging to the Fra Mattia's production: the Coronation of Virgin between Saints Rocco, Sebastian, Peter martyr and Antonio abbot, dated back to 1527-1530, located in the collegiate church of S. Maria Assunta in Montecassiano; the Annunciation, dated back to 1520, placed in the church of S. Maria del Soccorso in Arcevia; the fragmentary Crowned Madonna and saints altarpiece, probably realized after 1531, today preserved in Civic Museum of Ripatransone. The first altarpiece was made in Montecassiano using two different assembling or production techniques: the external part of the lunette and the pillar strips are made of glazed polychrome terracotta, while the altar step and the internal part are an interesting and uncommon example of polychrome painted terracotta. The provenance of the glazed Arcevia altarpiece is not clear yet: some historians hypothesize a local manufacture of Fra Mattia and some others a Roman or Florentine production. The remaining parts of Ripatransone altarpiece are partially glazed and partially not coated perhaps because they were unfinished and not yet painted. Clay body samples collected from the above mentioned altarpieces were investigated using different analytical techniques (OM, XRD, XRF, PIXE) to point out differences in chemical and mineralogical composition and to determine if the altarpieces were made by using local raw clay materials or other clays from Tuscany or Campania as in the Della Robbia previous production. A comparison has also been

  13. The next generation of target capture technologies - large DNA fragment enrichment and sequencing determines regional genomic variation of high complexity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dapprich, Johannes; Ferriola, Deborah; Mackiewicz, Kate; Clark, Peter M; Rappaport, Eric; D'Arcy, Monica; Sasson, Ariella; Gai, Xiaowu; Schug, Jonathan; Kaestner, Klaus H; Monos, Dimitri

    2016-07-09

    The ability to capture and sequence large contiguous DNA fragments represents a significant advancement towards the comprehensive characterization of complex genomic regions. While emerging sequencing platforms are capable of producing several kilobases-long reads, the fragment sizes generated by current DNA target enrichment technologies remain a limiting factor, producing DNA fragments generally shorter than 1 kbp. The DNA enrichment methodology described herein, Region-Specific Extraction (RSE), produces DNA segments in excess of 20 kbp in length. Coupling this enrichment method to appropriate sequencing platforms will significantly enhance the ability to generate complete and accurate sequence characterization of any genomic region without the need for reference-based assembly. RSE is a long-range DNA target capture methodology that relies on the specific hybridization of short (20-25 base) oligonucleotide primers to selected sequence motifs within the DNA target region. These capture primers are then enzymatically extended on the 3'-end, incorporating biotinylated nucleotides into the DNA. Streptavidin-coated beads are subsequently used to pull-down the original, long DNA template molecules via the newly synthesized, biotinylated DNA that is bound to them. We demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity and utility of the RSE method by capturing and sequencing a 4 Mbp stretch of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Our results show an average depth of coverage of 164X for the entire MHC. This depth of coverage contributes significantly to a 99.94 % total coverage of the targeted region and to an accuracy that is over 99.99 %. RSE represents a cost-effective target enrichment method capable of producing sequencing templates in excess of 20 kbp in length. The utility of our method has been proven to generate superior coverage across the MHC as compared to other commercially available methodologies, with the added advantage of producing longer sequencing

  14. Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional answer card reading method using OMR (Optical Mark Reader, most commonly, OMR special card special use, less versatile, high cost, aiming at the existing problems proposed a method based on pattern recognition of the answer card identification method. Using the method based on Line Segment Detector to detect the tilt of the image, the existence of tilt image rotation correction, and eventually achieve positioning and detection of answers to the answer sheet .Pattern recognition technology for automatic reading, high accuracy, detect faster

  15. Inter-organizational relations for regional development: an expansion policy promoted by the federal network of professional education, science & technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleidson Nogueira Dias

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper examines the importance of inter-organizational network management as a government policy tool to promote regional development. This pattern requires Federal Government intervention so as to compensate for the imbalance that this causes and to guarantee that economic growth resulting from government actions leads to development in all regions of the country, thereby avoiding the traditional mechanisms of wealth concentration. For this, a methodology of content analysis was used based on a relevant public policy aimed at promoting development within Brazil and by analyzing the data collected in relation to the current theory related to strategy, local development and inter-organizational networks in general.  The analysis results show that, when the policy studied in this work, applied in the federal network of professional education, science & technology, was implemented the networks had a positive influence on the outcome of the policy objectives and represented an extremely powerful support tool, being one of the most important factors to boost development.

  16. INTERACTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION SUBJECTS IN THE BLACK SEA REGION: ANTI-CRISIS POLITICAL-ADMINISTRATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

    OpenAIRE

    YURCHENKO NATALYA

    2016-01-01

    The global economic and political dynamics of sets certain parameters of social motivation to develop adaptive models of economic growth, based on the constructed anti-crisis policy and administrative technologies, which are the subject of this research. The change of technological orders determines certain stages of formation of the relevant political and administrative practices to ensure the safety and long-term development of the southern regions of the country, taking into account their ...

  17. Land Use Transformation Rule Analysis in Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan Region Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shang-min Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on land use classification system, this paper acquires the land use distribution status at 2000, 2005, and 2010 in Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan Region using remote sensing images, field survey data, images in Google Earth, and visual interpretation methods. Then, the land use transformation rules from 2000 to 2010 are achieved using GIS (geographic information system technology. The research results shows the following: (1 as to the distribution area of the land use types, dry field has the largest area, followed by forest land, building land, paddy field, water area, grassland, and unused land; (2 from 2000 to 2010, the area of building land has the largest increase, which is mainly transformed from cropland and sea reclamation area; the largest decreased land use type is paddy field, which mainly transforms to dry field and building land; (3 the high increase of building land and decrease of cropland suggest the land use transformation in the quick development process of economy; meanwhile, the total area of forestland and grassland changes little, so the ecological environment does not have apparent deterioration in the 1st decade of the new century.

  18. Nondestructive sensing technologies using micro-optical elements for applications in the NIR-MIR spectral regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Thomas; Saupe, Ray; Bruch, Reinhard F.; Fritzsch, Uwe; Stock, Volker; Gessner, Thomas; Afanasyeva, Natalia I.

    2001-11-01

    The field of microtechnology is an important industrial and scientific resource for the 21st century. There is a great interest in spectroscopic sensors in the near and middle infrared (NIR-MIR) wavelength regions (1 - 2.5 micrometers ; 2.5 - 4.5 micrometers ; 4 - 6 micrometers ). The potential for cheap and small devices for nondestructive, remote sensing techniques at a molecular level has stimulated the design and development of more compact analyzer systems. Therefore we will try to build analyzers using micro optical components such as micromirrors and embossed micro gratings optimized for the above mentioned spectral ranges. Potentially, infrared sensors can be used for rapid nondestructive diagnostics of surfaces, liquids, gases, polymers and complex biological systems including proteins, blood, cells and cellular debris as well as body tissue. Furthermore, NIR-MIR microsensing spectroscopy will be utilized to monitor the chemical composition of petrochemical products like gasoline and diesel. In addition, miniature analyzers will be used for rapid measuring of food, in particular oil, starch and meat. In this paper we will present an overview of several new approaches for subsurface and surface sensing technologies based on the integration of optical micro devices, the most promising sensors for biomedical, environmental and industrial applications, data processing and evaluation algorithms for classification of the results. Both scientific and industrial applications will be discussed.

  19. Sequence based polymorphic (SBP marker technology for targeted genomic regions: its application in generating a molecular map of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahu Binod B

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Molecular markers facilitate both genotype identification, essential for modern animal and plant breeding, and the isolation of genes based on their map positions. Advancements in sequencing technology have made possible the identification of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs for any genomic regions. Here a sequence based polymorphic (SBP marker technology for generating molecular markers for targeted genomic regions in Arabidopsis is described. Results A ~3X genome coverage sequence of the Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype, Niederzenz (Nd-0 was obtained by applying Illumina's sequencing by synthesis (Solexa technology. Comparison of the Nd-0 genome sequence with the assembled Columbia-0 (Col-0 genome sequence identified putative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs throughout the entire genome. Multiple 75 base pair Nd-0 sequence reads containing SNPs and originating from individual genomic DNA molecules were the basis for developing co-dominant SBP markers. SNPs containing Col-0 sequences, supported by transcript sequences or sequences from multiple BAC clones, were compared to the respective Nd-0 sequences to identify possible restriction endonuclease enzyme site variations. Small amplicons, PCR amplified from both ecotypes, were digested with suitable restriction enzymes and resolved on a gel to reveal the sequence based polymorphisms. By applying this technology, 21 SBP markers for the marker poor regions of the Arabidopsis map representing polymorphisms between Col-0 and Nd-0 ecotypes were generated. Conclusions The SBP marker technology described here allowed the development of molecular markers for targeted genomic regions of Arabidopsis. It should facilitate isolation of co-dominant molecular markers for targeted genomic regions of any animal or plant species, whose genomic sequences have been assembled. This technology will particularly facilitate the development of high density molecular marker maps, essential for

  20. Implementation of Information Communication Technology in the Teaching/Learning Process for Sustainable Development of Adults in West Africa Sub Sahara Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nwobi, Anthonia; Ngozi, Ugwuoke; Rufina, Nwachukwu; Ogbonnaya, Kingsley A.

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the implementation of information technology in the teaching/learning process for sustainable development of adults in West Africa Sub Sahara Region (WASSR). Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The population for the study was 3071 participants and instructors drawn from 10 education centres that were…

  1. Appropriateness of Recommended Agricultural Water-Management Technologies as Perceived by the Personnel of Research and Extension System: A Study in the Eastern Region of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Souvik; Verma, H. N.; Chandra, Dinesh; Nanda, P.

    2005-01-01

    The key to agricultural development in the eastern region of India, where problems of excess water and water scarcity coexist, is the scientific management of water resources with the adoption of recommended water-management technologies. A vast networking of infrastructure for the development and dissemination of water-management technologies…

  2. Appropriateness of Recommended Agricultural Water-Management Technologies as Perceived by the Personnel of Research and Extension System: A Study in the Eastern Region of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Souvik; Verma, H. N.; Chandra, Dinesh; Nanda, P.

    2005-01-01

    The key to agricultural development in the eastern region of India, where problems of excess water and water scarcity coexist, is the scientific management of water resources with the adoption of recommended water-management technologies. A vast networking of infrastructure for the development and dissemination of water-management technologies…

  3. Pilot Studies of Geologic and Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in the Big Sky Region, USA, and Opportunities for Commercial Scale Deployment of New Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waggoner, L. A.; Capalbo, S. M.; Talbott, J.

    2007-05-01

    Within the Big Sky region, including Montana, Idaho, South Dakota, Wyoming and the Pacific Northwest, industry is developing new coal-fired power plants using the abundant coal and other fossil-based resources. Of crucial importance to future development programs are robust carbon mitigation plans that include a technical and economic assessment of regional carbon sequestration opportunities. The objective of the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership (BSCSP) is to promote the development of a regional framework and infrastructure required to validate and deploy carbon sequestration technologies. Initial work compiled sources and potential sinks for carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Big Sky Region and developed the online Carbon Atlas. Current efforts couple geologic and terrestrial field validation tests with market assessments, economic analysis and regulatory and public outreach. The primary geological efforts are in the demonstration of carbon storage in mafic/basalt formations, a geology not yet well characterized but with significant long-term storage potential in the region and other parts of the world; and in the Madison Formation, a large carbonate aquifer in Wyoming and Montana. Terrestrial sequestration relies on management practices and technologies to remove atmospheric CO2 to storage in trees, plants, and soil. This indirect sequestration method can be implemented today and is on the front-line of voluntary, market-based approaches to reduce CO2 emissions. Details of pilot projects are presented including: new technologies, challenges and successes of projects and potential for commercial-scale deployment.

  4. The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of sci¬entific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voloshenko Ksenya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses approaches to the definition of such categories as “scientific and technological potential” and “innovative potential” in view of their resource, structural, procedural and resultant components. The author gives a more accurate definition of the scientific and technological potential through identifying its resources and orientation towards transforming abilities. On the basis of the existing methods of comparative analysis used in Russia and abroad, the author proposes a methodology for evaluating scientific and technological potential in the context of regional and international comparison. The integral index is calculated on the basis of a customised information and statistical database of normalised indicators through the identification and convolution of subindices that characterise individual components of potential. These subindices include pecific indicators applied in different statistical systems, in particular, those used in Russia and the EU, which made it possible to compar the data. The article presents the result of the application of this methodology based on a comparative evaluation of the scientific and technological potential of Russia (Northwestern federal district and EU states of the Baltic region. The experimental check suggests that the methodology be further improved for future clustering of Russian and EU regions according to the level of their innovative development.

  5. The Effect of Used Information Technology, Internal Control, and Regional Accounting System on the Performance of City Governance Agency of Banda Aceh City, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muslim Djalil

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to examine the influence of utilization of information technology, internal control system, and regional financial accounting system on the performance of city government agencies in Banda Aceh city government, Indonesia.The population of the research is 39 city government agencies (SKPK of Banda Aceh and by using the simple random sampling technique, it is selected 28 agencies within city government as a sample and employed 84 persons as respondents. The primary data of this research arecollected by using questionnaire and analyzed by using the multiple regression regresion method with a SPSS application software.The result shows that perceived by simultaneously statistical test indicated that the utilization of information technology, internal control system and implementation of regionalfinancial accounting system have a significant positive effect on the performance of city government agency. Similarly, tested partially, utilization of information technology, internalcontrol system, and implementation of the regional financial accounting system also have a significant positive effect on the performance of city government agencies in the city government of Banda Aceh, Indonesia.Keywords: Information Technology, Internal Control System, Regional Financial Accounting System, and Performance of City Governance.

  6. Renewal of mature industry in an old industrial region: regional innovation policy and the co-evolution of institutions and technology

    OpenAIRE

    Coenen, Lars; Moodysson, Jerker; Martin , Hanna

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to further insights on the potentials and barriers for industrial renewal in locked-in regions and industries. To do so, the paper analyzes the Swedish policy program ‘Biorefinery of the Future’ (BioF). This initiative is geared to develop a strong regional innovation environment for forestry-based biorefinery development in the area of Örnköldsvik and Umeå in Northern Sweden. Theoretically, the paper draws on concepts from evolutionary economic geography regard...

  7. New Information Technologies in Higher Education. Studies on the Introduction of New Information Technologies in Higher Education in the Europe Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calude, Cristian; And Others

    An overview of the current status of new information technologies (NIT) in teaching, training, research, and administration of higher education internationally includes 25 papers: "The Impact of NITS of Higher Education" (C. Calude and M. Malitza); "Educational Implications of Artificial Intelligence" (M.A. Boden); "On…

  8. A influência da proximidade tecnológica e geográfica sobre a inovação regional no Brasil The influence of the technological proximity and the geographical proximity on Brazilian regional innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gonçalves

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar a influência da proximidade geográfica e da proximidade tecnológica sobre a inovação regional no Brasil, medida por depósitos de patentes no período 1999-2001 para mesorregiões geográficas. Para tanto, utilizaram-se técnicas de Análise Exploratória de Dados Espaciais (AEDE e de econometria espacial. Os dados de patentes foram organizados em quatro clusters tecnológicos segundo critérios de proximidade cognitiva, como biofarmacêutico, desenvolvimento de novos materiais, bens mecânicos e de consumo e tecnologias eletroeletrônicas, revelando um padrão de concentração da atividade tecnológica em poucas mesorregiões brasileiras. Além disso, foi calculada a medida de proximidade tecnológica de Jaffe para ponderar a vizinhança geográfica pelo grau de similaridade tecnológica das mesorregiões. Os resultados confirmam a hipótese de transbordamentos de conhecimento mediados tecnológica e geograficamente.The aim of this paper is to determine the influence of technological proximity and geographical proximity on Brazilian regional innovation, measured by patent applications over the period 1999-2001 for Brazilian geographical mesoregions. First, the paper undertakes an Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA and then uses spatial econometric techniques. According with procedures based on cognitive proximity the patent data are organized into four technological clusters such as chemical and bio-pharmaceutical, new materials, mechanical and process technologies and electrical and electronic technologies. The four aforementioned clusters exhibit a concentrated regional pattern of technological activity over few Brazilian mesoregions. Moreover, the paper uses a Jaffe's measure of technological distance in order to construct a matrix in which the technological similarity is weighted by the geographical proximity. The results corroborate the hypothesis of geographically and technologically

  9. Competency Standards for Bachelor of Industrial Technology Graduates for the Construction Industry in Region IV-A: Inputs For Curriculum Enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George P. Compasivo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to develop competency standards for Industrial Technology graduates for employment in the construction industry in Region IV-A, Philippines. It specifically identified the basic and core competency standards for industrial technology and determined the degree of importance of competencies needed in the construction industry sector. The study identified 28 common competencies for three areas of specializations in industrial technology namely: electrical, civil and drafting technology. There were 39 core competencies for electrical, 31 for drafting and 38 items for civil technology. A total of 50 panel of experts were carefully selected using the purposive sampling as respondents in the study. Experts are selected based on their technical know-how or proficiency and currently practicing their line of profession in the construction industry. The study used the descriptive-developmental method of research. The Delphi technique was applied to determine if the competency under investigation reached the general agreement of opinions by the panel of experts involved. The findings implied that the newly developed competency standards were good input for curriculum enhancement in the area of civil, drafting and electrical technology. The study recommended the newly developed competencies may be followed by the faculty in the course they teach and the new competency items suggested by the panel of experts for inclusion in the curriculum for the three areas of specializations may be considered during the curriculum revision.

  10. Technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies in the Cantabrian region. Interpreting the lithic industry and fauna from the lowermost levels (V, VI and VII of Lezetxiki cave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talía LAZUÉN

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies that inhabited the Cantabrian region. We use the information provided by the lithic industry excavated in the three lowermost levels (V, VI and VII of Lezetxiki cave. We also explore the other related evidences, especially those inferred from faunal remains. The analysis and explanation of the technical activities fits in a general perspective centered in the production-management-function subsystem.

  11. ATTENDANCE AND DESERTION IN GENERAL CHEMISTRY AT THE ENGINEERING COURSES OF THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY - CORDOBA REGIONAL FACULTY (UTN-FRC), ARGENTINA

    OpenAIRE

    María C. Oliver; Eimer,Griselda A.; Nancy F. Bálsamo; Mónica E. Crivello

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, it is analyzed the engineering students of the National Technological University - Cordoba Regional Faculty -academic achievement in the learning of Chemistry, as well as desertion , during academic year 2009. The requirement of an intensive and effective leveling course on Chemistry area with teaching tools that facilitate teaching and learning strategies is stated. Moreover, it is suggested to generate instances of coordination to improve the transition from high school to u...

  12. Technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies in the Cantabrian region. Interpreting the lithic industry and fauna from the lowermost levels (V, VI and VII) of Lezetxiki cave

    OpenAIRE

    Talía LAZUÉN; Altuna, Jesús

    2011-01-01

    This article studies the technological organization of the first Neanderthal societies that inhabited the Cantabrian region. We use the information provided by the lithic industry excavated in the three lowermost levels (V, VI and VII) of Lezetxiki cave. We also explore the other related evidences, especially those inferred from faunal remains. The analysis and explanation of the technical activities fits in a general perspective centered in the production-management-function subsystem. En...

  13. Design and Performance Analysis of 1-Bit FinFET Full Adder Cells for Subthreshold Region at 16 nm Process Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ‘Aqilah binti Abdul Tahrim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The scaling process of the conventional 2D-planar metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET is now approaching its limit as technology has reached below 20 nm process technology. A new nonplanar device architecture called FinFET was invented to overcome the problem by allowing transistors to be scaled down into sub-20 nm region. In this work, the FinFET structure is implemented in 1-bit full adder transistors to investigate its performance and energy efficiency in the subthreshold region for cell designs of Complementary MOS (CMOS, Complementary Pass-Transistor Logic (CPL, Transmission Gate (TG, and Hybrid CMOS (HCMOS. The performance of 1-bit FinFET-based full adder in 16-nm technology is benchmarked against conventional MOSFET-based full adder. The Predictive Technology Model (PTM and Berkeley Shortchannel IGFET Model-Common Multi-Gate (BSIM-CMG 16 nm low power libraries are used. Propagation delay, average power dissipation, power-delay-product (PDP, and energy-delay-product (EDP are analysed based on all four types of full adder cell designs of both FETs. The 1-bit FinFET-based full adder shows a great reduction in all four metric performances. A reduction in propagation delay, PDP, and EDP is evident in the 1-bit FinFET-based full adder of CPL, giving the best overall performance due to its high-speed performance and good current driving capabilities.

  14. Determining the directions of increasing the innovative potential of the region by developing innovative technologies and competences when preparing and implementing large investment projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timur V. Kramin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective to determine the directions of increasing the innovative potential of a region through the development of innovative technologies and competences in the process of preparation and implementation of large investment projects in the Republic of Tatarstan. Methods methodology of project management institutional approach. Results it is proved that the main largescale directions of innovative potential development in the Republic of Tatarstan as a result of preparation and implementing of Universiade 2013 in Kazan are knowledge management information technologies risk management. It is shown that in the framework of the considered innovative areas a complete system was formed of competences of employees and managers in the fields of education trade hospitality and service. Scientific novelty the key directions were defined of increasing the innovative potential of a region through the development of innovative technologies and competences in the process of preparation and implementation of large investment projects by the example of the World Summer Student Games in Kazan in 2013. Practical significance on the basis of specific examples the authors illustrate the practiceoriented mechanism of innovative potential development of a region as a result of implementation of large investment projects. nbsp

  15. Japanese sake and evolution of technology: A comparative view with wine and its implications for regional branding and tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Sato

    2017-06-01

    Conclusion: The use of acid and collaboration with the local and regional community is observed in wine production. Similar processes are observed with Japanese sake, and this implies that wine and sake may have similar futures. Visits to sake breweries have potential in the spheres of tourism, regional branding, and destination management.

  16. Incorporating 3D-printing technology in the design of head-caps and electrode drives for recording neurons in multiple brain regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLucca, Michael V.; Haufler, Darrell; Paré, Denis

    2015-01-01

    Recent advances in recording and computing hardware have enabled laboratories to record the electrical activity of multiple brain regions simultaneously. Lagging behind these technical advances, however, are the methods needed to rapidly produce microdrives and head-caps that can flexibly accommodate different recording configurations. Indeed, most available designs target single or adjacent brain regions, and, if multiple sites are targeted, specially constructed head-caps are used. Here, we present a novel design style, for both microdrives and head-caps, which takes advantage of three-dimensional printing technology. This design facilitates targeting of multiple brain regions in various configurations. Moreover, the parts are easily fabricated in large quantities, with only minor hand-tooling and finishing required. PMID:25652930

  17. Building America Best Practices Series - High-Performance Home Technologies: Guide to Determining Climate Regions by County

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baechler, Michael C. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Gilbride, Theresa L. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Cole, Pam C. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Hefty, Marye G. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Ruiz, Kathi [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-11-01

    This report identifies the climate region of each county in the United States. The report is intended as an aid in helping builders to identify the appropriate climate designation for the counties in which they are building.

  18. The use of geoinformation technologies for renewable energy and regional aspects of developing renewable energy in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafikova Y.Y.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The work presents the results of development of the geoinformation system “Renewable Energy Sources of Russia”. Regional maps of installations and resources are presented. The problem of determination of small hydropower potential connected with the shortage of hydrological data is stated. Assessment of efficiency of techno-economic analysis of simulation-based autonomous solar lighting systems is described. Overview of regional experience, policies and targets is included.

  19. The use of geoinformation technologies for renewable energy and regional aspects of developing renewable energy in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Rafikova Y.Y.; Kiseleva S.V.; Nefedova L.V.; Frid S.E.

    2014-01-01

    The work presents the results of development of the geoinformation system “Renewable Energy Sources of Russia”. Regional maps of installations and resources are presented. The problem of determination of small hydropower potential connected with the shortage of hydrological data is stated. Assessment of efficiency of techno-economic analysis of simulation-based autonomous solar lighting systems is described. Overview of regional experience, policies and targets is included.

  20. Application of NASA's Advanced Life Support Technologies for Waste Treatment, Water Purification and Recycle, and Food Production in Polar Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubenheim, David L.; Lewis, Carol E.; Covington, M. Alan (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    NASA's advanced life support technologies are being combined with Arctic science and engineering knowledge to address the unique needs of the remote communities of Alaska through the Advanced Life Systems for Extreme Environments (ALSEE) project. ALSEE is a collaborative effort involving NASA, the State of Alaska, the University of Alaska, the North Slope Borough of Alaska, and the National Science Foundation (NSF). The focus is a major issue in the state of Alaska and other areas of the Circumpolar North, the health and welfare of its people, their lives and the subsistence lifestyle in remote communities, economic opportunity, and care for the environment. The project primarily provides treatment and reduction of waste, purification and recycling of water. and production of food. A testbed is being established to demonstrate the technologies which will enable safe, healthy, and autonomous function of remote communities and to establish the base for commercial development of the resulting technology into new industries. The challenge is to implement the technological capabilities in a manner compatible with the social and economic structures of the native communities, the state, and the commercial sector. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  1. Application of NASA's Advanced Life Support Technologies for Waste Treatment, Water Purification and Recycle, and Food Production in Polar Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubenheim, David L.; Lewis, Carol E.; Covington, M. Alan (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    NASA's advanced life support technologies are being combined with Arctic science and engineering knowledge to address the unique needs of the remote communities of Alaska through the Advanced Life Systems for Extreme Environments (ALSEE) project. ALSEE is a collaborative effort involving NASA, the State of Alaska, the University of Alaska, the North Slope Borough of Alaska, and the National Science Foundation (NSF). The focus is a major issue in the state of Alaska and other areas of the Circumpolar North, the health and welfare of its people, their lives and the subsistence lifestyle in remote communities, economic opportunity, and care for the environment. The project primarily provides treatment and reduction of waste, purification and recycling of water. and production of food. A testbed is being established to demonstrate the technologies which will enable safe, healthy, and autonomous function of remote communities and to establish the base for commercial development of the resulting technology into new industries. The challenge is to implement the technological capabilities in a manner compatible with the social and economic structures of the native communities, the state, and the commercial sector. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  2. Food safety intervention research at the Eastern Regional Research Center: innovative sanitizers, natural antimicrobials and nonthermal processing technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7cause millions of illnesses every year. A variety of technologies have been advanced in recent years to expand on the suite of tools available to food processors. At the US Department of Agriculture’s Eastern ...

  3. Interorganisational networking as the principal form of technological, innovative and research cooperation between Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolychev Oleg

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the role that international cooperation in research, technology, and innovation plays in ensuring innovative development and producing an innovative model of the Russian economy. One of the key objectives of the country’s integration into international research, technological, and innovative space is the development of Russia-EU cooperation in the Baltic region. It is established that, with the development of integration connections and regionalization processes, interorganizational networking takes on special importance in the organization and development of the innovative space. The authors analyze the existing typologies of forms of cooperation in the field of research, technology, and innovation, within which cases of networking are identified. The article gives a definition of interorganizational networks in view of the spatial and structural components of networking. The authors introduce the notion of international interorganizational networks as a special form of international cooperation. A study into the spatial form of interorganizational networks helps explain the effect of different levels and types of economic integration. Key areas of research on international interorganizational networks are identified in view of the features of integration processes in the development of network processes and in the framework of network approach in general.

  4. Interorganisational networking as the principal form of technological, innovative and research cooperation between Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolychev Oleg

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the role that international cooperation in research, technology, and innovation plays in ensuring innovative development and producing an innovative model of the Russian economy. One of the key objectives of the country’s integration into international research, technological, and innovative space is the development of Russia-EU cooperation in the Baltic region. It is established that, with the development of integration connections and regionalization processes, interorganizational networking takes on special importance in the organization and development of the innovative space. The authors analyze the existing typologies of forms of cooperation in the field of research, technology, and innovation, within which cases of networking are identified. The article gives a definition of interorganizational networks in view of the spatial and structural components of networking. The authors introduce the notion of international interorganizational networks as a special form of international cooperation. A study into the spatial form of interorganizational networks helps explain the effect of different levels and types of economic integration. Key areas of research on international interorganizational networks are identified in view of the features of integration processes in the development of network processes and in the framework of network approach in general.

  5. The perils of technology transfer : the Australian wheat/medic System in the Near East/North Africa region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risopoulos, S.

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Yields and production of rainfed areas in the Near East and North Africa are stagnating. The Australian wheat-medic system has been tried out in several countries of the region, Increases in soil fertility and yields were expected as well as better crop-livestock integration. Difficulties were more serious than foreseen. The farmer of the region differs from his Australian counterpart by the much smaller size of his farm and by his preference for keeping his land-use options open to match climatic variability.

  6. Preliminary Experience Using Eye-Tracking Technology to Differentiate Novice and Expert Image Interpretation for Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borg, Lindsay K; Harrison, T Kyle; Kou, Alex; Mariano, Edward R; Udani, Ankeet D; Kim, T Edward; Shum, Cynthia; Howard, Steven K

    2017-08-04

    Objective measures are needed to guide the novice's pathway to expertise. Within and outside medicine, eye tracking has been used for both training and assessment. We designed this study to test the hypothesis that eye tracking may differentiate novices from experts in static image interpretation for ultrasound (US)-guided regional anesthesia. We recruited novice anesthesiology residents and regional anesthesiology experts. Participants wore eye-tracking glasses, were shown 5 sonograms of US-guided regional anesthesia, and were asked a series of anatomy-based questions related to each image while their eye movements were recorded. The answer to each question was a location on the sonogram, defined as the area of interest (AOI). The primary outcome was the total gaze time in the AOI (seconds). Secondary outcomes were the total gaze time outside the AOI (seconds), total time to answer (seconds), and time to first fixation on the AOI (seconds). Five novices and 5 experts completed the study. Although the gaze time (mean ± SD) in the AOI was not different between groups (7 ± 4 seconds for novices and 7 ± 3 seconds for experts; P = .150), the gaze time outside the AOI was greater for novices (75 ± 18 versus 44 ± 4 seconds for experts; P = .005). The total time to answer and total time to first fixation in the AOI were both shorter for experts. Experts in US-guided regional anesthesia take less time to identify sonoanatomy and spend less unfocused time away from a target compared to novices. Eye tracking is a potentially useful tool to differentiate novices from experts in the domain of US image interpretation. © 2017 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  7. Reduction of longitudinal axial residual stresses in near-root region of circumferential joint of steam pipeline in technological way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Prokhorenko

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes a variant for solving the problem of reduction of longitudinal residual stresses in near-root region of a circumferential welded joint of section of steam pipeline by FEM simulation of the stress-strain state of repaired section of a circumferential weld in the zone of lack of root penetration on a thin-wall shell of 89 mm diameter and 6 mm wall thickness from steel 20. The result of solving the problem is total distribution of stresses and residual plastic deformations in the repaired zone.

  8. Application of the Study Model of \\\\\\"Knowledge Management Infrastructure in Organizations\\\\\\" in Information Centers: The case of the Regional Information Center for Science and Technology (RICeST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhossein Farajpahlou

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Information centers are duly obliged to move in line with their parent organizations’ goals and missions in creating knowledge. In the age of information and communication revolution, and in a knowledge-based economy, organizations that are involved in creation of knowledge have an important role in communication and diffusion of knowledge. In the mean time, libraries and information centers change from being mere depository sources to knowledge institutions. The current research aimed to study the present state of knowledge management infrastructures of the Regional Information Center for Science and Technology (RICeST as a national and regional information center. The statistic population of this study was consisted of 87 staff. Data was collected by means of questionnaires, observation and interviews. The results showed the required infrastructure for KM activities were almost there, among different aspects of which, budgeting had a better situation in the institution under study. In regards with establishment of knowledge management, RICeST was paying more attention to information and communication technology and knowledge network via applications such as the Internet and extranets. Another fact was that in the RICeST, emphasis was on learning and on human resources as the substantial sources in creation of knowledge. Among other aspects, “organizational culture” was in a lower state compared with other aspects in the RICeST.

  9. Development of innovation complexes as a mechanism of technologies transfer and an instrument of social-economic policy in the region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Sukhovey

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article is developed a role of innovation complexes of a region at the base of analysis of foreign and domestic experience of organization science-technological complexes. Main reasons, braking innovation transformations in Russia are cleared. For example of Russia it is shown, that unsystematic forming objects of innovation infrastructure without interaction with needs of development region and state its science-technical and industrial potential do not taken to positive change at economy and do not help to activation of innovation processes. Peculiarity different innovation complexes as instrument of social-economic policy, its participation at decision, those actual problems as overcoming of decline traditional branches of industry, forming high-tech sector, rise of outlaying districts, rise of competitive ability of industry were cleared. It is given special attention to possibility of innovation complexes as effective mechanism passing of technologies, allowing to create favorable conditions to subjects of innovation activity and to speed up process “research — production”. Measures to foundation of effective innovation infrastructure as one conditions of acceleration innovation development in Russia are offered.

  10. 20 January 2014 - Members of the Regional Assemblies and Parliaments United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 8 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group P. Cruikshank.

    CERN Multimedia

    Pantelia, Anna

    2014-01-01

    20 January 2014 - Members of the Regional Assemblies and Parliaments United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 8 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group P. Cruikshank.

  11. Application of Earth Resources Technology Satellite data to urban development and regional planning: Test site, County of Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raje, S. (Principal Investigator); Economy, R.; Mcknight, J. S.; Garofalo, P.

    1973-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. Signigicant results have been obtained from the analyses of ERTS-1 imagery from five cycles over Test Site SR 124 by classical photointerpretation and by an interactive hybrid multispectral information extraction system (GEMS). Photointerpretation has produced over 25 overlays at 1:1,000,000 scale depicting regional relations and urban structure in terms of several hundred linear and areal features. A possible new fault lineament has been discovered on the northern slope of the Santa Monica mountains. GEMS analysis of the ERTS-1 products has provided new or improved information in the following planning data categories: urban vegetation; land cover segregation; manmade and natural impact monitoring; urban design; land suitability. ERTS-1 data analysis has allowed planners to establish trends that directly impact planning policies. For example, detectable grading and new construction sites quantitatively indicated the extent, direction, and rate of urban expansion which enable planners to forecast demand and growth patterns on a regional scale. This new source of information will not only assist current methods to be more efficient, but permits entirely new planning methodologies to be employed.

  12. Application of earth resources technology satellite data to urban and regional planning: Test site, County of Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raje, S.; Mcknight, J.; Willoughby, G.; Economy, R. (Principal Investigator)

    1974-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. The County of Los Angeles photointerpreted ERTS film products to define problems of interest, coordinated ground truth over the complex test site including interfaces with secondary users as well as participated in on-line analyses of the GE multispectral information extraction systems. Interactive machine analyses were carried out, developing techniques and procedures as well as evaluating the outputs for community and regional planning. Extensive aircraft underflight coverage was provided that was valuable both in inputs preparation and outputs evaluation of the machine-aided analyses. One of the nonstandard ERTS images led to the discovery of a major new fault lineament on the northern slope of the Santa Monica Mountains.

  13. The Global Youth Service Team: students applying science and technology in remote, developing region of the world

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollinger, Doug

    2012-03-01

    Eh Kalu, director of the Karen Department of Health and Welfare along the border region between Thailand and Burma said, ``It is very difficult to attend to a medical emergency at night when all you have are candles for light.'' The Global Youth Service Team (GYST) provides high school and college students with the opportunity to apply science that they have learned in the performance of international humanitarian service. Volunteers with the GYST build solar powered electrical systems, ultraviolet water purifiers, provide training and education to people who are most in need due to energy poverty, lack access to resources, natural disasters or human rights violations. GYST volunteers train with photovoltaic materials and equipment to become solar energy technicians. They then travel to remote communities in developing countries where we are able to catalyze improvements in education and health care, promote sustainable energy initiatives and help communities develop the capacity to use their own resources by which to create opportunity.

  14. Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in The Marmara Region and Disaster Education in Turkey (SATREPS Project: Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development by JICA-JST)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneda, Yoshiyuki

    2015-04-01

    Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in The Marmara Region and Disaster Education in Turkey (SATREPS Project: Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development by JICA-JST) Yoshiyuki KANEDA Disaster mitigation center Nagoya University/ Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) Mustafa ELDIK Boğaziçi University, Kandilli Observatory and       Earthquake Researches Institute (KOERI) and Members of SATREPS Japan-Turkey project The target of this project is the Marmara Sea earthquake after the Izmit (Kocaeli) Earthquake 1999 along to the North Anatolian fault. According to occurrences of historical Earthquakes, epicenters have moved from East to West along to the North Anatolian Fault. There is a seismic gap in the Marmara Sea. In Marmara region, there is Istanbul with high populations such as Tokyo. Therefore, Japan and Turkey can share our own experiences during past damaging earthquakes and we can prepare for future large Earthquakes and Tsunamis in cooperation with each other in SATREPS project. This project is composed of Multidisciplinary research project including observation researches, simulation researches, educational researches, and goals are as follows, ① To develop disaster mitigation policy and strategies based on Multidisciplinary research activities. ② To provide decision makers with newly found knowledge for its implementation to the current regulations. ③ To organize disaster education programs in order to increase disaster awareness in Turkey. ④ To contribute the evaluation of active fault studies in Japan. In this SATREPS project, we will integrate Multidisciplinary research results for disaster mitigation in Marmara region and .disaster education in Turkey.

  15. Mountainous Region Wind Power Project Features and Turbine Hoisting Technology%山区风电工程特点与风机吊装技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张栋

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,domestic mountainous region wind power location is allocated in higher and higher altitude, thereby leading to more and more difficult turbine installation.How to safely and efficiently complete turbine installation is an important issue faced by all wind power construction enterprises.Hebei Bashang Luotuogou Stage II wind power field is adopted as an example in the paper.Mountainous region wind power project features and turbine hoisting technologies are summarized and analyzed,thereby providing some guidance experience for installing more mountainous region turbines.%近年来国内山区风电场所处海拔越来越高,风机安装难度越来越大,如何保证在紧张的工期内安全高效地完成风机安装,是每个风电施工企业面临的重要课题。本文以河北坝上骆驼沟二期风电场为例,对山区风电工程特点和风机吊装技术进行总结分析,以期对更多山区风机安装作一些指导。

  16. Disbursement of $65 million to the State of Texas for construction of a Regional Medical Technology Center at the former Superconducting Super Collider Site, Waxahachie, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    As part of a settlement agreement between the US DOE and the State of Texas, DOE proposes to transfer $65 million of federal funds to the Texas National Research Laboratory Commission (TNLRC) for construction of the Regional Medical Technology Center (RMTC) to be located in Ellis County, Texas. The RMTC would be a state-of-the-art medical facility for proton cancer therapy, operated by the State of Texas in conjunction with the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. The RMTC would use the linear accelerator assets of the recently terminated DOE Superconducting Super Collider Project to accelerate protons to high energies for the treatment of cancer patients. The current design provides for treatment areas, examination rooms, support laboratories, diagnostic imaging equipment, and office space as well as the accelerators (linac and synchrotron) and beam steering and shaping components. The potential environmental consequences of the proposed action are expected to be minor.

  17. The photovoltaic solar technology in a semi-arid Piaui region: case study; A tecnologia solar fotovoltaica no semi-arido piauiense: estudo de caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraes, Albemerc Moura de; Trigoso, Federico B. Morante [Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Santo Andre, SP (Brazil). Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciencias Sociais Aplicadas. Programa de Pos Graduacao em Energia

    2008-07-01

    The following work has as objective to present some results of a research of field carried through in the Piaui semi-arid region that it aimed at to verify the use of the photovoltaic solar technology. For this six questionnaires in three rural communities of three municipal territories of the State in the valley of the river Caninde had been applied. It was verified that due to lack of maintenance of these systems good part of them left to still function in the first years of its installation. Although this almost all the interviewed ones had revealed signal of approval to the electric energy proceeding from these systems for the community use, however they had questioned the lack of maintenance of these and had revealed interested in possessing access in its residences of this so important good is useful, the electricity. (author)

  18. Using TV white space spectrum to practise telemedicine: A promising technology to enhance broadband internet connectivity within healthcare facilities in rural regions of developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, Afton; Littman-Quinn, Ryan; Ndlovu, Kagiso; Kovarik, Carrie L

    2016-06-01

    The following correspondence provides an overview of TV White Space (TVWS) technology, regulations, and potential applications to the health care sector. This report also introduces "Project Kgolagano," a Botswana-based initiative representing the first endeavour to utilize TVWS internet connection for practising telemedicine. TV "white space" refers to the previously unused, wasted spectrum within TV radiofrequency channels that can now be leveraged to obtain broadband internet access. TVWS represents a less costly, faster, and farther-reaching internet connection that is a promising option for connecting the previously unconnected populations of remote and underserved areas. The Botswana-University of Pennsylvania Partnership, Microsoft, Botswana Innovation Hub, Vista Life Sciences, and Global Broadband Solutions have partnered together to bring TVWS wireless broadband access to healthcare facilities in poorly connected regions of Botswana (Lobatse, Francistown, Maun, Gaborone) in order to improve healthcare delivery and facilitate telemedicine in dermatology, cervical cancer screening, and family medicine (HIV/AIDS, TB, general adult and pediatric medicine).

  19. Latin-American Regional Developments in Space Technology and International Cooperation - Columbian Space Policy: An Approach to Create a National Space Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arenales-Vergara, Oscar A.

    2002-01-01

    Space exploration is a great human adventure: culturally, scientifically, technologically and industrially. Since the earliest of times, civilizations have been united in their awe of, and inspiration by, the cosmos, as testified in particularly by the peoples and cultures of the Central and South American continent in pre-Columbian times. Today, space systems have become an essential tool for the scientific disciplines related to the knowledge of the universe, including our own planet and its close or its remote environment. The main objective of this research is to explain the way in which Colombia, rich in myths and secular legends connecting mankind to the universe, must in the present tackle the issue of its development of space activities. The context in which it could be carried out is also described, along with a perspective of the current state of science and technology in the space sector on a global scale. Any modern nation is concerned with its independence, whether political, economic, or intellectual. That is why we support the concept of countries in the process of development becoming actively involved in the international space scene. Indeed, having limitations in industrial and technological exchange, we feel excluded today from key fields for our tomorrow. This research thus proposes to demonstrate how in a time that can be regarded as one of the most serious crises in its history, Colombia could, in an atmosphere free from fratricidal conflicts, exploit its space matter capabilities. We do not limit our focus to the scientific field, but also consider the social, economic and cultural aspects. The results of this research delineate how Colombia could start a new optimistic phase of its development, joining the international space programs within the framework of agreements among the regional governments in Latin America.

  20. Old Dog New Tricks: Use of Point-based Crop Models in Grid-based Regional Assessment of Crop Management Technologies Impact on Future Food Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, J.; Wood, S.; Cenacchi, N.; Fisher, M.; Cox, C.

    2012-12-01

    HarvestChoice (harvestchoice.org) generates knowledge products to guide strategic investments to improve the productivity and profitability of smallholder farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A keynote component of the HarvestChoice analytical framework is a grid-based overlay of SSA - a cropping simulation platform powered by process-based, crop models. Calibrated around the best available representation of cropping production systems in SSA, the simulation platform engages the DSSAT Crop Systems Model with the CENTURY Soil Organic Matter model (DSSAT-CENTURY) and provides a virtual experimentation module with which to explore the impact of a range of technological, managerial and environmental metrics on future crop productivity and profitability, as well as input use. For each of 5 (or 30) arc-minute grid cells in SSA, a stack of model input underlies it: datasets that cover soil properties and fertility, historic and future climate scenarios and farmers' management practices; all compiled from analyses of existing global and regional databases and consultations with other CGIAR centers. Running a simulation model is not always straightforward, especially when certain cropping systems or management practices are not even practiced by resource-poor farmers yet (e.g., precision agriculture) or they were never included in the existing simulation framework (e.g., water harvesting). In such cases, we used DSSAT-CENTURY as a function to iteratively estimate relative responses of cropping systems to technology-driven changes in water and nutrient balances compared to zero-adoption by farmers, while adjusting model input parameters to best mimic farmers' implementation of technologies in the field. We then fed the results of the simulation into to the economic and food trade model framework, IMPACT, to assess the potential implications on future food security. The outputs of the overall simulation analyses are packaged as a web-accessible database and published

  1. Regionalism, Regionalization and Regional Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu C. Andrei

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Sustained development is a concept associating other concepts, in its turn, in the EU practice, e.g. regionalism, regionalizing and afferent policies, here including structural policies. This below text, dedicated to integration concepts, will limit on the other hand to regionalizing, otherwise an aspect typical to Europe and to the EU. On the other hand, two aspects come up to strengthen this field of ideas, i.e. the region (al-regionalism-(regional development triplet has either its own history or precise individual outline of terms.

  2. Designing a climate change policy for the international maritime transport sector: Market-based measures and technological options for global and regional policy actions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miola, A., E-mail: apollonia.miola@jrc.ec.europa.eu [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (Italy); Marra, M., E-mail: Marleenmarra@gmail.com [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (Italy); Ciuffo, B., E-mail: biagio.ciuffo@jrc.ec.europa.eu [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (Italy)

    2011-09-15

    The international maritime transport sector has a significant abatement potential and some technical improvements that reduce GHG emissions would already be profitable without any policy in place. This paper analyses in-depth the limits and opportunities of policy options currently under consideration at the international level to stimulate the sector to reduce its GHG emissions. In particular, in order for the maritime transport sector to become more environmentally friendly, the flexible nature of international market-based measures and the European Union Emission Trading Scheme provide a definite window of opportunity without placing unnecessary high burden on the sector. However, the development of a regional policy, such as at European level, for the international maritime transport sector faces several obstacles: allocation of emissions, carbon leakage, permit allocation, treatment of the great variety in ship type, size and usage, and transaction cost. Global market-based policies could overcome most of these challenges. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the policy instruments currently under discussion to reduce the sector's burden on the environment, and focuses on economic theory, legal principles, technological options, and the political framework that together make up the basis of decision-making regarding the international maritime transport sector's climate change policies. - Highlights: > Technologies for a more environmental friendly maritime transport sector and their cost-effectiveness. > How to combine ambitious CO{sub 2} reduction goals with a sector-wide market-based policy. > Permits should be auctioned frequently and small emitters have to be excluded. > Inclusion of shipping in the EU ETS causes carbon leakage, so the policy should aim at expansion.

  3. 我国科技金融区域发展差异研究%Research on the imbalances of regional financial development of science and technology of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞; 常婧; 王启利

    2013-01-01

    通过构建和计算我国各地区的科技金融发展指数,发现我国科技金融发展区域差异较大。从整体上看,我国东部沿海地区科技金融水平明显高于中西部地区,且各地区科技金融发展严重依赖财政支出。聚类分析的结果显示,区域科技金融的发展不仅取决于当地的经济发展水平和金融发展水平,更多地取决于当地的科技基础。为此,发展科技金融首先需要增强科技实力,明确界定财政科技投入在科技金融中的作用。%The paper finds that there exist large differences in the development degree of scientific and technological finance among different regions of China through building and calculating the financial development index of science and technology. The financial levels in eastern coastal areas are apparently higher than that in central and western regions as the whole. The development of regional scientific and technological finance heavily depends on financial expenditure. The cluster analysis shows that the development of regional finance of science and technology is determined not only by the level of local economy and finance, but also on the basis of local science and technology. To this end, the paper believes that developing the scientific and technological finance needs enhancing the scientific and technological strength in the first place and defining clearly the role of financial investment in scientific and technological finance.

  4. Technological Innovation System——Crucial Support on Regional Advantages Industry%技术创新体系区域优势产业的重要支撑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东方

    2013-01-01

    The technology is the key element in the formation and development of industry. As the competitive industries rooted in the regional technological innovation system, the advantages in industry is determined by technological innovation. Technological innovation system is like a transmission mechanism, converting the innovation capacity into competitive advantage as well as transforming technological innovation achievements into productive forces. It further supports the construction and development of regional competitive industries. Hence, it is the continuous improvement of the regional technological innovation system that guarantees on the sustainable development of competitive industries.%技术是产业形成与发展的一种关键要素,技术创新决定产业的优势,优势产业根植于区域技术创新体系.技术创新体系作为传导机制能够将创新能力转化成竞争优势,能够将技术创新成果转化为生产力,进而支撑了区域优势产业的建设与发展.不断完善的区域技术创新体系是优势产业可持续发展的保障.

  5. Measuring Regional Changes in the Diastolic Deformation of the Left Ventricle of SHR Rats Using microPET Technology and Hyperelastic Warping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gullberg, Grant T; VERESS , ALEXANDER I.; WEISS, JEFFREY A.; HUESMAN, RONALD H.; REUTTER, BRYAN W.; TAYLOR , SCOTT E.; SITEK , AREK; FENG, BING; YANG , YONGFENG; GULLBERG, GRANT T.

    2008-04-04

    The objective of this research was to assess applicability of a technique known as hyperelastic warping for the measurement of local strains in the left ventricle (LV) directly from microPET image data sets. The technique uses differences in image intensities between template (reference) and target (loaded) image data sets to generate a body force that deforms a finite element (FE) representation of the template so that it registers with the target images. For validation, the template image was defined as the end-systolic microPET image data set from a Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat. The target image was created by mapping the template image using the deformation results obtained from a FE model of diastolic filling. Regression analysis revealed highly significant correlations between the simulated forward FE solution and image derived warping predictions for fiber stretch (R2 = 0.96), circumferential strain (R2 = 0.96), radial strain (R2 = 0.93), and longitudinal strain (R2 = 0.76) (p<0.001for all cases). The technology was applied to microPET image data of two spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and a WKY control. Regional analysis revealed that, the lateral freewall in the SHR subjects showed the greatest deformation compared with the other wall segments. This work indicates that warping can accurately predict the strain distributions during diastole from the analysis of microPET data sets.

  6. Reconnaissance survey of site 7 of the proposed Three Rivers Regional Landfill and Technology Center, Savannah River Site, Aiken County, South Carolina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabak, M.A.; Beck, M.L.; Gillam, C.; Sassaman, K.E.

    1996-02-01

    This report documents the archaeological investigation of Site 7 of the proposed Three Rivers Regional Landfill and Technology Center in Aiken County on the United States Department of Energy`s Savannah River Site (SRS) in Aiken and Barnwell Counties, South Carolina. Pedestrian and subsurface survey techniques were used to investigate the 1,403-acre project area. Survey resulted in the discovery of 23 previously unrecorded sites and 11 occurrences; six previously recorded sites were also investigated. These sites consist of six prehistoric sites, nine historic sites, and 14 sites with both prehistoric and historic components. Sites locations and project area boundaries are provided on a facsimile of a USGS 7.5 topographic map. The prehistoric components consist of very small, low-density lithic and ceramic scatters; most contain less than 10 artifacts. Six of the prehistoric components are of unknown cultural affiliation, the remaining prehistoric sites were occupied predominately in the Woodland period. The historic sites are dominated by postbellum/modem home places of tenant and yeoman farmers but four historic sites were locations of antebellum house sites (38AK136, 38AK613, 38AK660, and 38AK674). The historic sites also include an African-American school (38AK677).

  7. Geodiversity and geohazards of the Susa Valley (W-Alps, Italy): combining scientific research and new technologies for enhanced knowledge and proactive management of geoheritage in mountain regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giardino, Marco; Bacenetti, Marco; Perotti, Luigi; Giordano, Enrico; Ghiraldi, Luca; Palomba, Mauro

    2013-04-01

    Mountain regions have a range of geological and geomorphological features that make them very attractive for tourism activities. As a consequence, increased human "pressure" causes impacts on geoheritage sites and higher geomorphological risks. These effects are magnified by active geomorphic processes characterizing mountains areas, highly sensitive to climate change. In term of "human sensitivity", several sociological surveys have shown that "perceived risk", not "real risk", influences people's behavior towards natural hazards. The same approach can be applied to geodiversity and geoheritage. Based on these assumptions, we considered the possible strategic roles played by diffusion of scientific research and application of new technologies: 1) to enhance awareness, either of geodiversity or environmental dynamics and 2) to improve knowledge, both on geoheritage management and natural risk reduction. Within the activities of the "ProGEO-Piemonte Project" (Progetti d'Ateneo 2011, cofunded by Universita? degli Studi di Torino and Compagnia di San Paolo Bank Foundation), we performed a systematic review of geodiversity and natural hazards information in the Piemonte Region (NW-Italy). Then we focused our attention on the Susa Valley, an area of the Western Alps where the geoheritage is affected by very active morphodynamics, as well as by a growing tourism, after the 2006 winter Olympics. The Susa Valley became one of the 9 strategic geothematic areas have been selected to represent the geodiversity of the Piemonte region, each characterized by high potential for enhancement of public understanding of science, and recreation activities supported by local communities. Then we contributed to the awareness-raising communication strategy of the "RiskNat project" (Interreg Alcotra 2007-2013, Action A.4.3) by synthesizing geoscience knowledge on the Susa Valley and information on slope instabilities and models/prevention measures/warning systems. Visual representations

  8. Evaluation of the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs on spatial change in terms of urban and regional planning discipline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Havva Filiz Alkan Meşhur

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Information and communication technologies (ICTs have progressed rapidly during the last twenty years and the spatial effects of these technologies have been debated since 1980’s. Although there is no absolute consensus of opinion what the spatial impact will be on, all authorities and academics have agreed in respect of ICTs have important role on spatial structure. These improvements will impact both spatial development and spatial planning. In this context, in order to debate about the spatial effects of ICTs, basic factors this behind spatial change should be defined. The studies done upon the meaning of space, distance and time have showed that these factors are no longer a negative component by means of information networks and communication. In the literature there are a number of studies which deal with the development of the information society and the important role of ICTs in this process. On the other hand, the urban and spatial effects of these developments has been dealt with mostly only by researchers and this discussion has been highly modest among urban planners. This article explicates the need and possibilities to develop urban and regional planning discipline due to the impact of ICTs on urban and spatial change. The findings are based on the views represented in literature and on the opinions of Turkish urban planners. The objective of the field survey is to search for opinions of Turkish urban planners about the effects of the ICTs and its implications on the spatial developments of urban and rural areas and also urban planning. In the fieldwork, the opinions of Turkish planners were surveyed in a questionnaire for this article. The questionnaire contained different statements about the effects of ICTs on spatial development and the development of planning practices. Surveys were conducted to urban planners working in public and private institutions in Turkey. The likert scale was used to measure respondents’ attitudes

  9. Macro-Control, Regional Features and Technology Progress Strategy Selection: The Evidences from China Region Aspects%宏观调控、地区特征与技术进步策略选择——基于中国地区层面的证据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立军; 魏忠; 朱春礼

    2011-01-01

    从中国地区层面的视角出发,通过对企业自主技术创新及政府宏观调控策略的实证分析发现:公共研发、财政补贴、银行贷款及地区间技术外溢效应,不仅可以直接促进和推动各地区技术进步,还可以间接刺激企业加大技术研发规模与效率的提升;同时,中国技术创新地区特征较为明显,对于低技术水平地区,更适宜加大公共研发、政府财政补贴,而对于技术相对发达地区,优化技术创新融资环境、加大政府公共研发投入规模,更有利于该地区的技术进步和企业技术创新水平的提升。%Based on China regional angle, through empirical study on the strategy selection of enterprise technology innovation and government macro-control, the paper find that: public research investment, financial subsidy, bank loan and extra-regional technology spillover, ean promote regions technology progress not only by directly improving technology but also by indirectly way through promoting enterprise technology research investment scale and efficiency. At the same time, China technology innovation owns prominent regional characters, so while increasing public research investment and government financial subside will do more benefit to lower technology level areas technology progress, optimizing investment environment and increasing public research investment can also do more benefit to higher technology level areas.

  10. Regional Innovation Clusters

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — The Regional Innovation Clusters serve a diverse group of sectors and geographies. Three of the initial pilot clusters, termed Advanced Defense Technology clusters,...

  11. Empirical Study on Technological Innovation, Space Overflow and Economic Growth of Regional Industry%技术创新、空间溢出与区域工业经济增长的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家庭

    2012-01-01

    Used spatial econometric method, this paper studies the impact of space technology innovation spillover on regional economic growth and industrial R&D expenditure, R&D investment and the government regional preferential policies for human space overflow in the area of technological innovation in the role. The findings show: The current technological innovation' s spatial overflow has the obvious effect on our country region industry economy growth; The research and development funds, research and develop personnel and the government region preferential policy positively have effect on the region technological innovation, but the funds and personnel' s spatial overflow have the weak negative influence on the region technological innovation.%运用空间计量方法和经济计量方法实证研究了技术创新的空间溢出对我国区域工业经济增长的影响以及研发经费投入、研发人力投入和政府区域优惠政策的空间溢出在区域技术创新中的作用.研究结果发现:当前技术创新的空间溢出对我国区域工业经济增长具有明显的推动效应;研发经费、研发人员和政府区域优惠政策都对区域技术创新起到了积极的作用,但研发经费和研发人员投入的空间溢出却对区域技术创新产生微弱的负面影响.

  12. Provision of educational service with the use of distance technologies for disabled persons (case study: the state of Alaska and Nothern regions of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Lipatov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The distance education contributes to the solution of educational problems of disabled persons. The study of foreign experience is extremely important. North American universities saved up a wide experience in this sphere. Unlike self-made software products created by many Russian universities, Blackboard is the leading educational software package that professionally helps to solve educational problems of disabled persons. The international University of the Arctic has a growing interest in the use of information communication technologies and open educational resources and networks. In 2008 the subject network of University of the Arctic on distance education and e-learning began to function. The Internet and distance learning creates a new opportunity for disabled persons. Main goal: Whether distance education on Alaska and in Northern and Siberian regions of the Russian Federation promotes the solution of educational problems of the North for disabled persons. Main research problems: to reveal modern educational Arctic problems for disabled persons; to analyse specifics of remote education; to analyse a question of distance training of the circumpolar North; to carry out the comparative analysis of distance training on Alaska and in Russian northern and the Siberian regions; to analyse a contribution of distance training to wider problems of the Arctic policy and management. Relevance of work: The Arctic Human Development Report I specifi es that there are very few circumpolar researches in the fi eld of education, including for disabled persons. This article can begin initial discussion of a subject which can be in addition studied in future works. An emerging trend for Arctic education is its increasing accessibility. Accessibility is about students being able to take classes and fulfi ll their potential, that is, it concerns their possibilities for attending school, both physically and culturally. Even though this

  13. A GIS technology and method to assess environmental problems from land use/cover changes: Conakry, Coyah and Dubreka region case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Sylla

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is the result of investigating the land use/cover surrounding Conakry city and its two neighboring cities from the past to the present periods which are herein after referred to as this “region” and the impact of numerous changes during that time. These changes have become a major concern for the Guinean government and scientific community. Using map interpretation with integration of remote sensing, GIS technology and a GIS method we investigated the land use/cover and a population dynamism model with the aims of promoting a sustainable recovery and future judicious utilization. We found out that these three cities are on the verge of being unified, as a result of the expansion of urban residential areas and the changing economic realities causing significant influences on this land use/cover change. The pattern of land cover 59 years ago presented a landscape relatively pristine, while that in the present period presents a landscape that is markedly in a degrading decline. During the past 59 years, land use/cover has been influenced by key factors that revolve around socio-economic development, climatic patterns, topography manipulation, and policy implementation influences. The level of degradation of the land use/cover has increased and will oblige the political, scientific and local communities to take note of the environmental changes and set up urgent, rigorous and coherent policies for the rational development and management of the land use/cover resources of this region. That can be part of a model for other countries to reclaim the past sustainable environment.

  14. Photon technology. Hard photon technology; Photon technology. Hard photon gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Research results of hard photon technology have been summarized as a part of novel technology development highly utilizing the quantum nature of photon. Hard photon technology refers to photon beam technologies which use photon in the 0.1 to 200 nm wavelength region. Hard photon has not been used in industry due to the lack of suitable photon sources and optical devices. However, hard photon in this wavelength region is expected to bring about innovations in such areas as ultrafine processing and material synthesis due to its atom selective reaction, inner shell excitation reaction, and spatially high resolution. Then, technological themes and possibility have been surveyed. Although there are principle proposes and their verification of individual technologies for the technologies of hard photon generation, regulation and utilization, they are still far from the practical applications. For the photon source technology, the laser diode pumped driver laser technology, laser plasma photon source technology, synchrotron radiation photon source technology, and vacuum ultraviolet photon source technology are presented. For the optical device technology, the multi-layer film technology for beam mirrors and the non-spherical lens processing technology are introduced. Also are described the reduction lithography technology, hard photon excitation process, and methods of analysis and measurement. 430 refs., 165 figs., 23 tabs.

  15. Exploring the Use of Educational Technology in EFL Teaching: A Case Study of Primary Education in the South Region of Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solano, Lida; Cabrera, Paola; Ulehlova, Eva; Espinoza, Verónica

    2017-01-01

    This study explores the use of educational technology for teaching English as a foreign language (EFL) at 10 state schools in the South of Ecuador. It aims to find out the current state of the use of technology in English classrooms. The research combines both quantitative and qualitative methods to gather information about the use of technology…

  16. 基于熵权法的山东省区域科技创新能力评价研究%Evaluation Research of Regional Scientific and Technological Innovation Capability Based on Entropy Method of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    接民; 牛冲槐; 梁建平

    2011-01-01

    区域科技创新能力是指对区域经济社会发展的贡献能力,具体表现为将新知识转化为新产品、新工艺、新服务的能力.本文根据《山东科技统计年鉴2009》 提供的数据,利用熵权法,对山东省各市的区域创新能力进行了系统评价,这对于制定山东省区域创新发展战略有重要指导意义.%The regional scientific and technological innovation capability refers to the ability to contribute to social development of the regional economic, and it specifically expressed in the ability to make the new knowledge into new products, new processes and new services. Based on the data provided by Shandong Science and Technology Statistical Yearbook 2009, using entropy weight, and giving a systematic evaluation of regional scientific and technological innovation capability of cities of Shandong Province, this article have important guiding significance for the development of regional innovation development strategy of Shandong Province.

  17. Assisted Reproductive Technology affects developmental kinetics, H19 Imprinting Control Region methylation and H19 gene expression in individual mouse embryos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dandolo Luisa

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the last few years, an increase in imprinting anomalies has been reported in children born from Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART. Various clinical and experimental studies also suggest alterations of embryo development after ART. Therefore, there is a need for studying early epigenetic anomalies which could result from ART manipulations, especially on single embryos. In this study, we evaluated the impact of superovulation, in vitro fertilization (IVF and embryo culture conditions on proper genomic imprinting and blastocyst development in single mouse embryos. In this study, different experimental groups were established to obtain embryos from superovulated and non-superovulated females, either from in vivo or in vitro fertilized oocytes, themselves grown in vitro or not. The embryos were cultured either in M16 medium or in G1.2/G2.2 sequential medium. The methylation status of H19 Imprinting Control Region (ICR and H19 promoter was assessed, as well as the gene expression level of H19, in individual blastocysts. In parallel, we have evaluated embryo cleavage kinetics and recorded morphological data. Results We show that: 1. The culture medium influences early embryo development with faster cleavage kinetics for culture in G1.2/G2.2 medium compared to M16 medium. 2. Epigenetic alterations of the H19 ICR and H19 PP are influenced by the fertilization method since methylation anomalies were observed only in the in vitro fertilized subgroup, however to different degrees according to the culture medium. 3. Superovulation clearly disrupted H19 gene expression in individual blastocysts. Moreover, when embryos were cultured in vitro after either in vivo or in vitro fertilization, the percentage of blastocysts which expressed H19 was higher in G1.2/G2.2 medium compared to M16. Conclusion Compared to previous reports utilizing pools of embryos, our study enables us to emphasize a high individual variability of blastocysts in

  18. Project implementation start-up results of information technologies engineering for system risk assessment of Arctic region socio-economic development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masloboev A. V.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the start-up research and work-out results received under Russian Fund for Basic Research project execution № 15-29-06973 have been represented. The project is devoted to interdisciplinary research in the field of methodology, modeling toolkit and information technologies development for system risk assessment of the new stage of Arctic region exploration. The project results are directed to management information and analytical support complex problem-solving of risk-sustainable socio-economic development of the Arctic region of Russian Federation. Представлены результаты первого года реализации проекта, ориентированного на фундаментальные междисциплинарные исследования в области развития методологии и разработки модельного инструментария и информационных технологий системной оценки рисков нового этапа освоения Арктики (работа поддержана грантом Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований, проект № 15-29-06973, используемых при решении комплекса задач информационно-аналитической поддержки управления риск-устойчивым социально-экономическим развитием Арктической зоны России

  19. The Comparison of Different Fertilizer Technologies on Nitrogen Leaching Losses and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Rice Production——Taking Ningxia Irrigation Region as an Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG Ai-ping

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available High N fertilizer and flooding irrigation applied to rice in anthropogenic-alluvial soil often result in N leaching and low use efficiency of applied fertilizer N from the rice field in Ningxia irrigation region in the upper reaches of the Yellow River. Sound N management practices need to be established to improve N use efficiency while sustain high grain yield levels and minimize fertilizer N loss to the environment. We investigated the effects of different fertilizer technologies on N leaching, N use efficiency and rice yield. The four fertilizer N treatments were CK (No nitrogen fertilizer application treatment; FP (Farmer's practice of application rate of urea at 300 kg N·hm-2, 60% used as base fertilizer, 20% as tillering fertilizer and 20% as booting fertilizer; SD (Controlled-release nitrogen fertilizer at 120 kg N·hm-2, all controlled-release fertilizer was applied as base fertilizer while transplant rice seedlings and NB (Controlled-release nitrogen fertilizer at 120 kg N·hm-2, all controlled-release fertilizer was applied as base fertilizer in the seeding soil. The results showed that the SD and NB treatments could reduce the amount of nitrogen applied by 60% compared to FP but still maintain crop yields while substantially reducing N losses to the environment. The SD could significantly decrease the N leaching losses from the paddy field. Under the FP treatment, the leaching losses of TN, NO3-N and NH4+-N were 39.89, 26.22 kg·hm-2 and 5.49 kg·hm-2, respectively. Compared with FP treatment, the SD treatment could decrease the leaching losses of TN, NO3-N and NH4+-N by 18.97, 11.18 kg·hm-2 and 2.27 kg·hm-2. The nitrogen use efficiency of SD treatment was 55.7% which increased by 21.4% compared with FP treatment. NB treatment also could decrease nitrogen leaching losses TN, NO3-N and NH4+-N by 14.36, 10.14 kg·hm-2 and 1.84 kg·hm-2 and increase the N use efficiency by 15.7% compared with FP, but it increased nitrogen leaching

  20. The Measurement of Regional Scientific and Technological Innovation Fluctuations and its Cycles of Short Term and Middle Term%区域科技创新中短周期测度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武; 施妙君

    2016-01-01

    区域科技创新波动性与周期性的界定和测度是创新经济学基础理论研究领域的一个亟待深入探讨的问题。目前大多数学者对于区域科技创新的研究主要基于静态层面,而区域科技创新是一个动态、复杂的系统过程。基于熊彼特的创新周期理论,区域科技创新波动性与周期性的内涵界定,构建了区域科技创新波动与周期测度的工具和模型,运用统计改革后的深圳南山区科技创新季度数据对区域科技创新短期的波动性与周期性及其特征进行了全面的测度。结果表明:区域科技创新波动具有周期性,不同阶段的创新波动与周期特征完全不同,政府应根据区域科技创新波动规律与周期性规律,采取更具时效性的科技创新政策。%T he definition and measurement of the volatility and cycles of regional scientific and technological innovation is a problem for the basic theory and method research of scientific and technological innovation to be discussed .At present most scholars'research on the regional scientific and technological innovation is mainly based on static level w hile regional scientific and technological innovation is a dynamic and complex system process .Based on the theory of Schumpeter inno‐vation cycle ,the paper studies in the connotation and demarcation of volatility and cyclical of regional scientific and techno‐logical innovation theoretically ,from the method to build the measurement tools and models to measure volatility and cy‐cles of regional scientific and technological innovation ,using empirical scientific and technological innovation quarterly data of Shenzhen Nanshan district after statistical reform as an example to have a comprehensive measurement of regional scien‐tific and technological innovation in the short -term fluctuations and cycles .It has show n that regional scientific and tech‐nological innovation is cyclical fluctuations

  1. Energy Industry Powers CTE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khokhar, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Michael Fields is a recent graduate of Buckeye Union High School in Buckeye, Arizona. Fields is enrolled in the Estrella Mountain Community College (EMCC) Get Into Energy program, which means he is well on his way to a promising career. Specializing in power plant technology, in two years he will earn a certificate that will all but guarantee a…

  2. Energy Industry Powers CTE Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khokhar, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Michael Fields is a recent graduate of Buckeye Union High School in Buckeye, Arizona. Fields is enrolled in the Estrella Mountain Community College (EMCC) Get Into Energy program, which means he is well on his way to a promising career. Specializing in power plant technology, in two years he will earn a certificate that will all but guarantee a…

  3. 区域行业技术路线图产业边界范围界定初探%Definition of Industry Boundaries and Scope in Regional Industrial Technology Roadmap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高自省

    2011-01-01

    Due to the limitations of regional industrial development and its lacking in integrity and stability, the definition of industry boundaries in technology roadmap becomes a complex problem. While using flexibly the basic principles of " modular" , " integrity" , and " stability" , we should focus on the important factors of industrial development strategy, vision target, regional resource situation, regional industrial development, regional industrial development trend and market requirements, etc. After that, we can define boundaries and scope of regional industry technology roadmap scientifically.%由于区域产业发展的局限性、不完整性、不稳定性等特点,区域行业技术路线图产业边界范围界定就成为一个复杂的问题,因此,要在灵活掌握适用“模块化”、“完整性”、“稳定性”等基本原则的同时,着重考虑产业发展战略和产业愿景目标、区域资源状况、区域产业发展现状、区域产业发展趋势、市场需求等重要因素,方可科学合理界定区域行业技术路线图产业边界范围.

  4. Comparison of the Three Cooperative Types of Agricultural Technology Popularization Based on the Industrialization of Tomato Industry in Xinjiang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the process of industrialization of tomato industry in Xinjiang, the cooperative models of rural households and tomato processing enterprises are order type, mediated type and workshop type. The contents, closeness degree and stability of cooperation of them are different. Under different cooperation models, the closeness degree of pillar industry and rural households differs, as well as the speed and effect of the technology promotion. By comparing the situation of technology promotion under the three cooperative models, the results can be obtained. The workshop type can reduce the risks of adopting new technologies of farmers greatly; strengthen the internal motivation of farmers to adopt new technology, so it can attract more farmers. Therefore, the workshop type represents the developmental direction of industrialization of tomato industry in Xinjiang to a certain extent.

  5. Promotion of solar technology by self-construction, systems in the Bergstrasse region of Germany; Foerderung von Solartechnik durch Selbstbau, Anlagen im Kreis Bergstrasse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, R.

    1993-12-31

    The experiences gained within the framework of the foundation of a working group `Solar Technology Bergstrasse` are described. (UA) [Deutsch] Es wird ueber Erfahrungen berichtet, die im Zuge der Gruendung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Solartechnik Bergstrasse gesammelt werden konnten. (UA)

  6. Fiscal 1998 research report. Popularization project of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Study was made on popularization of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In principle, industrial wastes should be recycled in a country concerned, however, because of a difference in technology and industrial location, treatment of all industrial wastes in a country concerned is impossible. International cooperation is thus indispensable to promote proper efficient practical measures for environment. For studying the possibility of the international cooperation between Japan and Asian countries concerned for further recognition and solution of industrial waste problems, 'International Symposium on the Asian Industrial Waste Issue' have been held in Tokyo since 1997 for governmental staffs. In fiscal 1998, Malaysia was invited in addition to China, Philippines and Thailand for popularization of the proper treatment and recycling of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In every Asian countries, poor collection of discharge, treatment and disposal data is an obstacle to effective treatment. Technical cooperation and financial support by developed countries are demanded. (NEDO)

  7. Jan Åge Riseth; Sámi reindeer management under technological change 1960-1990: Implications for Common-Pool Resource Use Under Various Natural and Instututional Conditions. A comparative analysis of regional development paths....

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Egil Haugerud (ed.

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available On June 22, Cand. Agric. Jan Åge Riseth successfully defended his dissertation "Sami reindeer management under technological change 1960-1990: Implications for Common-Pool Resource Use Under Various Natural And Institutional Conditions. A comparative analysis of regional development paths in West Finnmark, North Trøndelag, and South Trøndelag/Hedmark, Norway." for the degree Dr. Scient, at the Agricultural University of Norway (AUN, Dept. of Economics and Social Sciences.

  8. Jan Åge Riseth; Sámi reindeer management under technological change 1960-1990: Implications for Common-Pool Resource Use Under Various Natural and Instututional Conditions. A comparative analysis of regional development paths....

    OpenAIRE

    Rolf Egil Haugerud (ed. in chief)

    2000-01-01

    On June 22, Cand. Agric. Jan Åge Riseth successfully defended his dissertation "Sami reindeer management under technological change 1960-1990: Implications for Common-Pool Resource Use Under Various Natural And Institutional Conditions. A comparative analysis of regional development paths in West Finnmark, North Trøndelag, and South Trøndelag/Hedmark, Norway." for the degree Dr. Scient, at the Agricultural University of Norway (AUN), Dept. of Economics and Social Sciences.

  9. Metodicheskie osnovy sravnitel'noj ocenki nauchno-tehnicheskogo potenciala Rossii i ES: regional'nyj i mezhdunarodnyj aspekty [The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of sci¬entific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voloshenko Ksenya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses approaches to the definition of such categories as “scientific and technological potential” and “innovative potential” in view of their resource, structural, procedural and resultant components. The author gives a more accurate definition of the scientific and technological potential through identifying its resources and orientation towards transforming abilities. On the basis of the existing methods of comparative analysis used in Russia and abroad, the author proposes a methodology for evaluating scientific and technological potential in the context of regional and international comparison. The integral index is calculated on the basis of a customised information and statistical database of normalised indicators through the identification and convolution of subindices that characterise individual components of potential. These subindices include pecific indicators applied in different statistical systems, in particular, those used in Russia and the EU, which made it possible to compar the data. The article presents the result of the application of this methodology based on a comparative evaluation of the scientific and technological potential of Russia (Northwestern federal district and EU states of the Baltic region. The experimental check suggests that the methodology be further improved for future clustering of Russian and EU regions according to the level of their innovative development.

  10. TECHNOLOGICAL WASTE DISPOSAL BY SUBSURFACE INJECTION TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janković Branimir

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The application of oilfield and solution mining technology to subsurface disposal of technological wastes has proven to be an environmentally, technically and economically suitable method for the disposal of the waste generated in petroleum industry as well as other industrial branches. This paper describes the subsurface injection technology, the disposal formation characteristics, the waste disposal well design, evaluates the environmental impact of above mentioned technology and proposes a solutions for disposing of technological wastes in Croatia or nerby region by implementing underground injection technology according to the world experience (the paper is published in Croatian.

  11. The Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory: Applying Innovative Deep-sea Technologies Toward Research, Service, and Stewardship in Marine Protected Areas of the Pacific Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, J. R.

    2012-12-01

    The Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory (HURL) is the only U.S. deep submergence facility in the Pacific Rim tasked with supporting undersea research necessary to fulfill the mission, goals, and objectives of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), along with other national interests of importance. Over 30 years of submersible operations have resulted in nearly 1900 dives representing 9300 hours underwater, and a benthic ecology database derived from in-house video record logging of over 125,000 entries based on 1100 unique deep-sea animal identifications in the Hawaiian Archipelago. As a Regional Center within the Office of Ocean Exploration and Research (OER), HURL conducts undersea research in offshore and nearshore waters of the main and Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and waters of the central, southern, and western Pacific. HURL facilities primarily support marine research projects that require data acquisition at depths greater than wet diving methods. These consist of the research vessel Ka'imikai-o-Kanaloa (KOK), human occupied submersibles Pisces IV and Pisces V (2000 m), a new remotely operated vehicle (6000 m), and a multibeam bathymetric sonar system (11,000 m). In addition, HURL has also supported AAUS compliant wet diving since 2003, including technical mixed gas/rebreather work. While ecosystem studies of island, atoll, and seamount flanks are the largest component of the HURL science program, many other thematic research areas have been targeted including extreme and unique environments, new resources from the sea, episodic events to long term changes, and the development of innovative technologies. Several examples of HURL's contributions to marine protected areas (MPAs) include: (a) A long term presence in the pristine ecosystems of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Researchers from National Marine Fisheries have used HURL assets to study endangered Hawaiian Monk Seal habitat

  12. 戈壁荒漠地区沥青路面施工质量控制技术%Construction quality control technology of asphalt pavement in Gobi desert region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢强

    2015-01-01

    The typical disease form of asphalt pavement was summarized in the Gobi desert region of Gansu province.Based on the construction management experience in t in the region for many years,construction quality control technology of asphalt pavement in Gobi desert region was developed.The highways tracking survey results show that asphalt pavement quality can be well controlled by some quality control technology in the Gobi desert region of Gansu province i.e.design and construction process optimization, strict material selection.%总结了甘肃省内戈壁荒漠地区沥青路面的典型病害形式,结合在该地区多年的施工管理经验,提出了降低戈壁荒漠地区沥青路面病害的施工控制技术。多条高速公路的跟踪调查结果表明,通过设计优化,施工过程精细化控制,工艺优化,材料严格选择,可以很好的控制河西地区的公路沥青路面质量通病。

  13. The Key Network Technology Analysis of Building Regional Health Information Platform%构建区域卫生信息平台的关键网络技术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐婧; 聂志华

    2012-01-01

    随着新医改的逐步深入,对卫生信息化的要求不断提高,建立区域卫生信息平台成为卫生医疗系统迫在眉睫的重要工作。文章分析了构建区域卫生信息平台的关键网络技术。并在此基础上探讨了区域卫生信息平台的功能及实现,建立了实现医疗卫生领域各业务系统信息共享的区域卫生信息平台,以供相关工作人员参考。%With the gradual deepening of new health care reform, there is higher requirement of health information technology, and the establishment of regional health information platform has become the imminent important work of health care system. This article analyzed the key network technology of building a regional health information platform, and discussed the function and implementation of regional health information platform on this basis, andestablished business system information sharing regional health information platform for the fields of health care, providing reference for related workers.

  14. 大湘西地区科技服务业发展现状及对策探讨%Present Situation and Countermeasure of Technology Service Industry Development in the Western Region in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭程甸; 余华

    2015-01-01

    文章通过对大湘西地区科技服务机构类型、性质、区域及行业分布特征的全面分析,深入揭示大湘西地区科技服务业发展现状,发现其存在规模小且种类分布不均,专业化分工不足;所有制结构不合理,市场化程度不高;地域发展不均衡,科技资源共享困难;涉及行业少,发展层次偏低等诸多问题。应当加强政策扶持,推动科技服务业均衡发展;转变政府职能,培育科技服务业多元主体;统筹科技资源,促进科技服务业集聚发展;拓宽行业领域,提升科技服务业发展水平。%Through the comprehensive analysis on service type, nature, regional and industrial dis-tribution of technology service in the Western Region in Hunan, this paper gains insights into the present situation of technology service industry development.The results show that there are many problems including small size companies and uneven distribution of types, a low degree of specialization of labor, unreasonable ownership structure, low degree of marketization, unbalanced regional development, difficulty in sharing technical resources, few involved trades, low development level, etc.We should strengthen the support on policy, promote the balanced development of technology service industry, transform government function, cultivate the multiple subjects of technology service industry, plan science and technology resources as a whole, promote the cluster development of technology service, expand the industry area and enhance the development level of technology service industry.

  15. Construction of Regional High Technology Industrialization System%区域高技术产业化体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周霞; 章红虹

    2003-01-01

    Though the success of Silicon Valley benefits from many exterior conditions, it has not been exceeded by other science and technology parks with exactly the same conditions as yet. The success of Silicon Valley, to a great extent, attributes to the high technology industrialization system, which is the core competence of Silicon Valley. The high technology industrialization system is generally composed of innovation system, industrialization system and industrialization supporting system. Only the three systems collaborate closely could the high technology industrialization process be smooth. If we want to develop the high technology industries in our country, we should focus on the construction of the high technology industrialization system.%虽然硅谷的成功得益于许多外部条件,但它的成功却至今未能被超越.这并不是因为硅谷所具备的条件是独一无二的,而是因为它把所具备的条件进行了有机的整合,形成了一个高新技术产业化的体系,这才是硅谷的核心竞争力.高新技术产业化体系一般由创新子系统、产业化子系统和产业化支撑子系统三个子系统构成.只有这三个子系统密切结合高新技术产业化才能够顺利进行.因此,我国要提高高新技术成果的转化率、发展高新技术产业,就应该把高新技术产业化体系的构建作为战略的重点.

  16. The impact of technological environment on regional technical efficiency based on a stochastic frontier analysis model%基于SFA模型的科技环境对区域技术效率的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁丽琳; 张蓓; 马亚男

    2011-01-01

    技术效率是决定经济增长的关键要素,而科技环境是影响技术效率的重要因素,研究科技环境对技术效率的影响对于促进经济增长意义重大.本文研究的科技环境因素包括科技人力资源、政府科技投入和高科技产业规模等.运用随机前沿方法,本文对2000-2006年期间全国28个省、自治区和直辖市的技术效率及其科技环境影响因素进行了回归估计.研究结果表明,我国地区之间的技术效率两级分化严重,东部地区各省市的平均技术效率明显高于中西部地区,全国各地区的技术效率随时间的推移大体呈下降趋势,科技人力资源、政府科技投入和高科技产业规模与技术效率损失显著地负相关.根据以上研究结果,本文最后提出了一系列相关的政策建议.%Technical efficiency is one of the key determinants of economic growth, while technological environment is a critical factor affecting technical efficiency. In order to accelerate economic growth, it is important to understand the impact of technological environment on technical efficiency. The elements of technological environment, such as scientific and technological human resource, government expenditure on technology development, and scale of high - tech industry are identified. By using a Stochastic Frontier Analysis(SFA) model, the technical efficiency of 28 provinces( autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government) in China during the period between 2000 and 2006 as well as the impact of technological environment on it are estimated. The empirical result shows that there is a big gap among regions in terms of technical efficieney. The average technical efficiency of eastern region is significantly higher than that of middle and western regions. And the technical efficiency of almost all regions appears to decline over time. Moreover, scientific and technological human resource, government expenditure on

  17. 3S技术在区域规划与重大项目管理中的应用%Application of 3S Technology in Regional Planning and Management of Major Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欢; 刘晓莉; 李琳; 闫亭廷

    2012-01-01

    With the development of the technology, 3S integration technology has been widely used in regional planning and management of major projects. The author researches the 2D&3D integration planning and decision-making terrace which based on Ningxia regional planning and management of major projects and fundamentally changes the un-proper situation of society and economy. It will be a crucial technology for Long-term planning and decision.%随着高科技的发展,3S技术在区域规划与重大项目管理中得到广泛的应用.笔者依托宁夏区域规划与重大项目管理,研发一套二维、三维一体化的规划与决策平台,从根本上改变规划脱离社会、经济的局面,为中长期规划和决策提供重要技术支持.

  18. 茂名地区科技投入产出案例分析%A Case Study on Regional Science and Technology Investment Outputs---In the Case of Maoming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杨勋

    2013-01-01

    The situation of regional science and technology development could be reflected objectively by analyzing the rela-tionship between regional technological investment and scientific research achievements. Based on the statistical analysis of the number of S&T personnel、R&D spending、scientific research achievements and etc in 2005—2011, this article had studied the problems existing in the science and technology development of Maoming among the 6 years, and proposed some advices as well.%  分析一个地区的科技投入与科技成果产出之间的关系,能客观地反映该地区的科技发展现状。文章通过对茂名市2005—2011年度科技活动人员、经费投入支出、科技成果产出等的统计分析,探讨了茂名市这6年间在科技发展方面的情况及存在的问题,并提出解决问题的几点建议。

  19. INFORMATION DECISION SUPPORT OF REGION MANAGEMENT ON THE BASIS OF INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY OF POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS OBJECTS THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS WITH GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM OF THE EXECUTIVE AGENCIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlov, S.V.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the technology integration of three-dimensional models of potentially dangerous objects in geoinformation system of executive agencies (on the Republic Bashkortostan example. As one of the approaches to its solution offered on the basis of the integration of service-oriented approach, which introduced the set-theoretic description of the spatial information as part of three-dimensional models. The proposed technology provides for the integration of both the data and the level and the service level. The integration of three-dimensional models of potentially dangerous objects in geoinformation system of executive agencies will reduce the time and increase the accuracy of the decisions taken in the event of an emergency at the expense of the full amount of the required information about its development in a more visual and understandable form by means of a single system.

  20. How regional museums form a museum cluster and forge its identity: Take7 Shanghai Science & Technology Museum as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    At present, there are many cases of museum clusters around the world, such as Smithsonian Insti- tution, the Guggenheim Museums and Foundation, Science Museums Group, National Museum Liverpool and so on. Through the analysis, we found that they form clusters in different ways, but they are for the same pur- pose, which is to provide multiple services for the public from the different cultural environment, and to strengthen the local cultural expression and transmission. Shanghai Science & Technology Museum is a large-scale comprehensive museum which contains three venues: a science and technology museum, a natu- ral history museum and a planetarium. Through learns the experience of the international cases for museum clusters, also explore itself museum cluster road to meet the local cultural environment.

  1. Compensation of Handicap and Autonomy Loss through e-Technologies and Home Automation for Elderly People in Rural Regions: An Actual Need for International Initiatives Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billonnet, Laurent; Dumas, Jean-Michel; Desbordes, Emmanuel; Lapôtre, Bertrand

    To face the problems of elderly and disabled people in a rural environment, the district of Guéret (department of Creuse, France) has set up the "Home automation and Health Pole". In association with the University of Limoges, this structure is based on the use of e-technologies together with home automation techniques. In this frame, many international collaborations attempts have started through a BSc diploma. This paper sums up these different collaborations and directions.

  2. Identifying breakthrough technologies for the production of basic chemicals. A long term view on the sustainable production of ammonia, olefins and aromatics in the European region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benner, J.; Van Lieshout, M.; Croezen, H.

    2012-01-15

    The European Commission's Roadmap for a competitive and low carbon economy in 2050 indicates that greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in all sectors should be significantly reduced to meet the European Union (EU) objective of 80 to 95% greenhouse gas emission reductions by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. The European Commission indicated in the Roadmap that the EU's industrial sectors should reduce emissions by 83 to 87% domestically by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. The objective of this study is to explore breakthrough abatement technologies in three processes in the European chemical industry that can considerably contribute to achieving the required greenhouse gas emission reductions. In this context we have assessed the processes for the production of: (1) Ammonia; (2) Olefins; (3) Aromatics (BTX). For all three processes possible breakthrough abatement technologies were found, allowing for reductions in GHG emissions varying between 50 and 100% compared to the conventional processes. Our finding regarding the chemical industry and our earlier findings regarding options in the steel, cement and pulp and paper industries show that promising breakthrough abatement technologies are available for European energy-intensive industries to contribute to a low-carbon economy. However, large scale deployment requires an integrated EU industry and energy policy allowing for a resource efficient and sustainable use of available biomass, CCS storage capacity and renewable energy capacity.

  3. Reconstructing production technology and distribution, using thin section petrography: A pilot study of Roman pottery production in the Pontine region, Central Italy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borgers, B.; Tol, G.; de Haas, T.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores aspects of production and distribution of local Roman pottery from the Pontine region, Central Italy, based on ceramics recovered in surveys carried out within the ‘Minor Centres’ project. The aim of this project was to investigate the role of minor centres in local economies of

  4. 社会网络视角下区域科技资源配置网络优化策略%Regional Science and Technology Resource Allocation Network Optimi-zation Strategy in the Perspective of Social Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进富; 邵美蓉; 张颖颖

    2015-01-01

    区域科技资源配置网络本质上属于创新网络,作为创新主体与资源主体互动的有效形式,其网络优化已成为提升科技资源配置效率的关键。基于社会网络视角构建了区域科技资源配置网络模型和测评指标体系;运用超效率DEA-Tobit方法分析得出网络规模、网络开放性、结构洞、联结强度和互惠性对资源配置效率均有不同程度影响,网络中心度对资源配置效率影响不显著;最后根据实证结果从政府角度提出了网络优化策略。%Regional Science and Technology Resource Al ocation networks are essential y within the Innovation Network. As an effective form of innovation and resource principal body interaction, the network optimization has become crucial to promote technological al ocation of resources. Firstly,we build a regional scientific and technological resources to configure the network structure model. Secondly,we analysis the resources principal role of network according to the social attrib-utes of technology resource owner; Thirdly, we study the effects of network structure and and empirical study; Final y, we estimate 30 provinces’ al ocated efficiency by two-stage DEA-Tobit model and analyze the relationship of network resource al ocation and resource al ocation efficien-cy . It proves the network size, network openness, links and reciprocal significantly affect the strength of the efficiency of resource al ocation,network centrality has no significant effect on the efficiency of resource al ocation,and some indicators of structural holes have a positive impact on regional science and technology resources al ocation efficiency, but some has a negative im-pact. What’s more,we propose a network optimization strategy from the viewpoint of the govern-ment .

  5. 青海省盐渍土地区公路路基施工技术研究%Research on the Construction Technology of Highway Subgrade in Salty Soil Regions of Qinghai Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓莉

    2014-01-01

    盐渍土在青海省分布广泛,尤其是海西地区。本文通过具体实例就盐渍土地区公路路基施工技术进行探讨,为今后类似工程提供参考。%Salty soils are widely distributed in Qinghai province ,especially in Haixi .This paper discussed the construction technology of highway subgrade in salty soil regions by analyzing a few engineering examples , and provided a reference for similar engineering aftertime .

  6. The Application of Passive Technology on Rural Houses in Severe Cold Regions%被动式技术在严寒地区农村住宅中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金虹; 邵腾; 金雨蒙; 康健

    2016-01-01

    With villagers’ increasing demand for living environment and the lacking of energy in rural area, the energy-saving design for rural houses has become an important part of new rural construction. Under the background of imbalanced urban-rural development and rural economy-technology backward, the passive technologies are easily accepted by villagers with the characteristic of low cost and low technology. This paper, based on the engineering practice of rural house design in severe cold regions, analyzes the application and implementation effect of passive energy-saving technology, passive solar energy utilization technology and passive ventilation technology on the rural houses. It aims to provide guidances for the rural house’s passive energy-saving design, and thus promote the sustainable development of new rural construction in severe cold regions.%随着农民对居住环境日益提高的要求及农村能源的缺乏,农村住宅的节能设计已成为新农村建设中的一项重要内容。在城乡发展不均衡、农村经济技术相对落后的背景下,被动式技术以其低成本、低技术的特征易于被农民所接受。本文结合课题组在严寒地区农村住宅设计方面的工程实践,分析了被动式节能技术、被动式太阳能利用技术、被动式通风技术在农村住宅中的应用及实施效果,旨在为严寒地区农村住宅的被动式节能设计提供指导,从而推动严寒地区新农村建设的可持续发展。

  7. 高寒地区旋转式布料机混凝土快速浇筑技术%Fast Pouring Technology of Concrete with Rotating Spreader in Cold Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴小峰

    2014-01-01

    介绍施工单位在施工过程中,通过采取合理的布料机布置、混凝土防分离措施、保温防风措施、布料方法及设备管理措施,实现了高寒地区布料机混凝土快速浇筑,也为高寒地区应用布料机进行混凝土浇筑提供了有益的借鉴。%The fast pouring technology of concrete with rotating spreader in cold region is introduced .In the construction process, the fast pouring of concrete can be achieved by reasonable distribution of the spreader , measurements against concrete separation , heat preservation and wind protection , and the rational equipment management , which could be useful experience for concrete pouring with spreader in cold region .

  8. Intensification of Livestock Production Systems in the North West Region of Cameroon : A South-to-South Collaboration for Technology Transfer, The Tugi Silvopastoral Project

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    The Tugi Silvo-pastoral Project (TUSIP) is a South-South Cooperation between the Tropical Agriculture Research and Higher Education Centre (CATIE) based in Costa Rica (www.catie.ac.cr) and the Akwi Memorial Foundation (AMF) based in the North West Region of Cameroon. The main goal of TUSIP was to assess the environmental benefits of a set of silvo-pastoral practices and to empower traditio...

  9. INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY OF THE INTEGRATED USING OF GROWTH REGULATORS, IMMUNIZERS AND ANTIDOTE HERBICIDES IN CULTIVATION OF WINTER WHEAT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yablonskaya Y. K.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available At present, the cultivation of agricultural products is on a level where the growth of productivity and quality is only possible by using the latest achievements of science. Scientists have been developing elements of agro-technologies of complex applications of growth regulators, fungicides and fertilizers in growing winter wheat, providing a significant increase in productivity and quality of agricultural products, reduction of labor costs, energy and all kinds of resources, sustainable harvesting, even in the zone of risky agriculture. Plant growth regulators have multifunctional properties, which are expressed in the regulation of plant growth and development, and in increasing their resilience to adverse weather conditions and many diseases. However, despite the fact that there are many examples of extremely high economic efficiency of plant growth regulators, in terms of production and use of pesticides are much inferior. Retardants and defoliants are used more widely. However, low rates of regulators and elicitors, the ability to manage with their help the growth and development of plants; change the resistance of plants to various external factors determines their prospects. We propose to apply the "agrochemical cocktails." It will induce the systemic plant resistance to the whole growing season, which is not possible in the case of using only one of the fungicides and bactericides. It is necessary to take into account the features of the functioning of the immune system of plants and to develop technological methods of influence on the key stages of the immune response of plants

  10. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field/R and D high performance flat panel display technology (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / koseino flat panel display gijutsu no sogo kaihatsu kenkyu (daiichi nendo ) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    One of the subjects in technology supporting the highly information-oriented society which will develop and diversify toward the 21st century is the construction of high grade man/machine interface. For it, high precision/high luminance/energy saving/thin plane displays are strongly requested. This R and D is to indicate models of systematical development in the region of element technology individually existing in the Shikoku area by forming a regional consortium in the industry/universities/government. Creation of new industries by gathering display related enterprises is a first step in a plan to realize `Display Island Shikoku.` As a concrete target, with the use of high-tech diamond semiconducting technology, a development is conducted of the high performance flat panel display using the negative electron affinity (NEA) electron emitter which drastically solves the problems such as luminance, visibility angle and response speed, the subjects on the commercialized liquid crystal flat panel display. 16 refs., 45 figs., 8 tabs.

  11. Understanding why women are under-represented in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM within Higher Education: a regional case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Christie

    Full Text Available Abstract Participation rates of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM is comparatively low and their attrition rates high. An obvious solution is to attract more women to study such subjects. In 2016 the authors undertook research to find out why so few women enrolled in STEM subjects and investigate ways of increasing their recruitment and retention in this area. The informants in our study were enrolled in a tertiary preparation course as well as nursing and education programs. A critique of the literature was used to develop a survey that informed focus group and interview schedules which were used in collecting data. Our study found that many of the factors that hindered women from applying for STEM courses twenty years ago still apply today and recommends actions that can help increase recruitment of women into STEM and assist their retention and graduation in those areas of tertiary education.

  12. Technology development and technology gap among Latin American countries

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano Moya, Edgar David

    2014-01-01

    Objective: to study the source of the technology gaps amongst some Latin American countries and to identify whether a regional system of technological progress may be strengthened. ethodology: technology development within some Latin America countries was researched based on the technology frontier concept. In order to do that, the technological advancement of such countries was compared using standard variables and institutional systems. The concept and scope of the technology frontier, whic...

  13. Study on China's regional total-factor energy efficiency based on technology gap%基于技术差距的中国区域全要素能源效率研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪克亮; 杨宝臣; 杨力

    2011-01-01

    基于全要素方法,充分考虑到中国各地区能源利用的技术差距,利用数据包络分析(DEA)方法构建非参数前沿,在共同前沿方法框架下分析比较2001-2007年中国全要素能源效率的区域差异,在此基础上采用"共同技术率(MTR)"指标衡量中国区域之间能源利用的技术差距。实证结果表明:考察期内中国全要素能源效率整体水平较低且区域差异显著,还存在巨大的节能增产空间;从区域技术差距视角来看,三大地区差距明显,其中东部地区接近全国最优水平,实现了全国潜在最优能源技术的98%以上,而中西部地区距离全国最优能源技术还分别存在23%On the basis of total factor method and considering the technology gap of energy utilization among China's each area sufficently,this paer constructs non-parametric frontier by Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA).Under the framework of metafrontier,an analysis and comparison have been made of the regional disparities in total-factor energy efficiency throughout China from 2001 to 2007.Additionally,a quantitative MTR-based analysis has been made on the technology gap on regional energy use in China.Empricial conclusions to be drawn are as follows: the overall level of China's total-factor energy efficiency is on the low side and its regional disparities are significant during the sample period.There exists tremendous room for energy conservation and output growth.From the perspective of regional technology disparities,there are significant disparities among China's three major areas.The east area is close to China's optimal level and achieves the country's potential optimal energy technology over 98%,while the central area and the west area have 23.3% and 30.3% room for improvement away from the country's potential optimal energy technology respectively.As a result,we must take effective measures to prevent from the expanding of three areas' energy technology

  14. On Regional Development Strategy of International Cooperation for Tropical Agricultural Science and Technology%热带农业科技国际合作区域发展战略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪; 蒋昌顺

    2011-01-01

    China's tropical agriculture developed by introducing foreign advanced technology and through the innovation, which is an important development experience for China's tropical agriculture, and reflects its basic law of development as well. This paper analyzes the development trend of the international tropi- cal agriculture, the development of tropical agriculture in China, and then proposes a regional development strategy of international cooperation for tropical agricultural science and technology among China and oth- er countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Tropical South Pacific Islands, for better serving our tropi- cal agricultural science and technology innovation and national diplomatic stTategy.%通过分析国际热带农业发展趋势,结合我国热带农业发展情况,探讨中国在亚非拉及南太岛国地区热带农业科技国际合作的区域发展战略.更好地为我国热带农业科技创新和国家外交服务。

  15. 区域技术交易平台助推中小企业发展*%Using the Regional Technology Transaction Platform for the Development of Minor Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永刚

    2013-01-01

    Based on the analysis of minor enterprises exist in the development of science and technology problems and needs as the starting point, expounds the regional technology transaction platform to Liaoning online technology market as an example the function as wel as to boost the development of the smal and medium-sized enterprise practices and measures, and the future more effective service innovation of smal and medium enterprises and puts forward the conception of.%  文章从分析中小企业科技发展中存在的问题和需求为切入点,具体阐述了以辽宁网上技术交易市场为例的区域技术交易平台的功能以及助推中小企业发展的做法和措施,并对未来更加有效地服务中小企业创新提出了构想。

  16. Boost the Development of New Towns in the Western Region with Scientific and Technological Innovation%以科技创新助推西部地区新型城镇发展∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐和平

    2016-01-01

    A lot of difficult social, economic and ecological problems appears to inhibit sustainable develop-ment in the future of urban de rural areas with the rapid development of urbanization in the western region by tech-nological innovation. Based on the basic connotation of the new urbanization, this paper analyzes the typical mode of urbanization in the world, studies the experience of promoting the development of urbanization through scientific and technological progress and innovation, and puts forward the policy for the western region to achieve new urbani-zation. This urbanization will promote new industrialization with scientific and technological progress and innova-tion, improve the spatial structure of the town, promote the development of modern agriculture, and achieve sus-tainable development of economy, resource and ecology and the coordinated development of urban and rural areas.%西部内陆地区城镇化获得长足发展,但也出现诸多棘手的社会、经济、生态问题,抑制着未来城乡地区的可持续发展。该文基于新型城镇化的基本内涵,分析目前世界典型的城市化模式,研究其通过科技进步与创新推动城镇化的发展经验,并提出西部地区实现新型城镇化的政策。

  17. 基于技术扩散模型的区域"数字鸿沟"演变阶段划分%A Division to Evolution Stages of "Digital Divide" between Regions Based on Technology Diffusion Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛伟贤; 刘骏

    2011-01-01

    Firstly, " ICTs diffusion model" is established based on classical technology diffusion model, and time path function of diffusion is derived from the model. By the method of depicting graph, the graph of time path function shows itself as S-Curve pattern. After that , "digital divide" between regions is shown through difference of two region's time path functions. And on this basis evolution stages of "digital divide" between regions are divided. The research result shows that the internal and external factors , number of " potential user" , the number of initial user in different regions are discrepant,so time path functions of different regions are diverse, and difference of diverse time path functions indicates " digital divide" between regions. Therefore, evolution of "digital divide " between regions is divided into three stages : the gradual expansion stage, the stabilization stage, the gradual reducing stage. This research theoretically reveals the evolution rule of " digital divide " between regions.%基于经典的技术扩散模型,构建了"ICTs的扩散模型",在模型中推导出ICTs扩散的时间路径函数,通过函数图形描绘发现其图形是S形曲线,然后用两个地区的时间路径函数之差表示出区域"数字鸿沟",在此基础上对区域"数字鸿沟"演变的阶段进行划分.研究结果表明,由于不同地区内外部因素、"潜在采纳者"总数、最初使用者数量存在差异,导致不同地区ICTs扩散的时间路径函数不同,从而表现出区域"数字鸿沟",其演变可划分为逐渐扩大阶段、稳定阶段、逐渐缩小阶段.本文从理论上揭示了区域"数字鸿沟"的演变规律.

  18. 中国30个地区环境技术创新能力分类特征%Research on the Classification Characteristics of Regional Environmental Technology Innovation Capability: A Case of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范群林; 邵云飞; 唐小我

    2011-01-01

    区域环境技术创新能力是决定区域产业发展水平、经济实力增长的关键,是区域可持续竞争优势的源泉.本文通过搜集环境技术创新投入、产出与关联的相关变量和数据;利用Q型聚类方法,提取最具代表性的变量指标;然后对缩减后的变量作因子分析,提取主成分,随之,按照各区域的主成分值进行聚类,确定各区域所属类别,并采用判别分析方法,对各区域所属类别进行检验、调整.结果显示:第一类地区主要包括海南在内的经济发展较为落后、生态环境遭受破坏相对较少的我国西部地区;第二类地区主要集中在技术引进与吸收能力强、区域内企业实力强、人力资本积聚能力强的东部和中部地区;第三类地区主要集中在我国农业产业发展历史悠久,但随着农业向工业快速发展,所遭受的环境破坏也愈发严重的中部地区;第四类地区主要包括辽宁、四川等我国工业制造业最集中和发达的地区;第五类地区则是我国市场经济发展最完善、环保方面的经济活动表现相对较优的东南沿海地区.最后,结合各类别地区环境技术创新的实际状况与原因,针对性地提出对策,为提升各区域环境技术创新能力提供参考.%Regional environmental technology innovation capacity is the key to advantage of regional industrial development and growth of economic strength. At the same time, it is the principal source of regional advantage of sustainable competitiveness. Based on the present literature, this paper collects the related input, output and related variables and data of environmental technology innovation,extracts the most representative indexes as variables using the Q-type clustering method, then, draws up the principal component through factor analysis for the reduced variables. Following this, it determines to which class each region belongs according to clustering for regional principal component

  19. Establishment of Regional Science and Technology Innovation Ability Evalua-tion System%浅论区域科技创新能力评价体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚岩

    2013-01-01

    It’s an important significance for one city to implement the correct strategy of S&T innovation, to construct innovation system and accelerate economic and social development, if we can evaluate its science and technology innovation ability objectively. Based on the establishment of S&T innovation ability evaluation index system, this article puts forward“three of one”evaluation system including“the determination of the weight on AHP and entropy analysis”,“index system reliability analysis”,“the clustering analysis on the evaluation results”.In the last, the article conducts an empirical analysis, taking the central six provincial capital cities as the evaluation object.%  在建立科技创新能力评价指标体系的基础上,提出“指标体系的可靠性分析”、“权重确定的层次分析和熵分析”、“评价结果的聚类分析”的“三析一体”评价体系,并以中部六省会城市为评价对象,进行科技创新能力评价的实证分析。

  20. 浙江省科技资源的区域差异及其空间配置效率研究%The Regional Differences of Science and Technology Resources and The Allocation Efficiency Evaluation in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈修颖; 陈颖

    2012-01-01

    ,southwestern Zhejiang there is also a greater difference.The amount in storage of science and technology resources of Hangzhou,Ningbo,Shaoxin was ranked front three.Lishui and Quzhou have the least resources in Zhejiang Provence.2) The science and technology resources of Hangzhou,Jiaxing,Shaoxing,Jinhua,Lishui and Zhoushan are more efficient allocated,while Ningbo,Wenzhou,Huzhou,Quzhou,Taizhou are inefficient,and the efficiency of the management and the allocation efficiency of science and technology resources needs to be improved in these areas.3) The contribution ratio of science and technology progress of Hangzhou is the highest-level,the second is Ningbo and the third is Shaoxing City.The lowest were Quzhou,Lishui and Zhoushan.The contribution ratio of science and technology progress in the northeast was lower visibly than the sourthwest of Zhejiang.At the same time,there was biggish discrepancy between two regions,Hangzhou was the most efficient but Zhoushan,Jiaxing and Huzhou were the most inefficient in the northeastern Zhejiang.The contribution ratios of science and technology progress of Quzhou and Lishui was far below that of Wenzhou City.At last,we make a number of advises for upgrading technological level and promoting economic development.In the first place,we should increase the input of science and technology appropriations and establish the pluralistic iuput system.Secondly,we should set up and upgrading safeguard mechanisms of introduction of talents.Thirdly,we should make the market system be perfected and energetically promote the industrialization of scientific results.

  1. Report on the project for spread/promotion of technology for the industrial waste optimized treatment in the Asian region; Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The International Symposium `98 on the industrial waste problem in the Asian region was held in Tokyo on February 18, 1998. MITI commented on the present situation of the industrial waste problem in Japan and Japan`s environmental tackling toward the Asian region, and also Asian countries (China, the Philippines, Thailand and Korea) made reports. Japan reported on environmental preservation measures taken in the industrial circle, the industrial waste problem at companies which advanced into Asian countries, effects of the Basel Convention (which restricts border-crossing movement of harmful wastes) on recycle activities, Japan`s role in Asia, etc. In the panel discussion, discussions were made on human interchange in the informatization, recycling technology, shortage of personnel concerned with environmental protection, construction of a network in the Asian region and Japan` s role, etc. As to the treatment system for waste, the necessity was recognized of studying systems which meet with actual states of each country. It is also necessary to go on with discussing how the system should be for cooperation between governments and private companies. Importance of the recycle and information exchange was emphasized. 10 refs., 14 figs., 27 tabs.

  2. Similar DNA methylation levels in specific imprinting control regions in children conceived with and without assisted reproductive technology: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puumala Susan E

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While a possible link between assisted reproductive technology (ART and rare imprinting disorders has been found, it is not clear if this is indicative of subtler disruptions of epigenetic mechanisms. Results from previous studies have been mixed, but some methylation differences have been observed. Methods Children conceived through ART and children conceived spontaneously were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Information about reproductive history, demographic factors, birth characteristics, and infertility treatment was obtained from maternal interview and medical records. Peripheral blood lymphocytes and buccal cell samples were collected from participating children. Methylation analysis was performed on five loci using pyrosequencing. Statistical analysis of methylation differences was performed using linear regression with generalized estimating equations. Results are reported as differences with 95% confidence intervals (CI. Results A total of 67 ART children and 31 spontaneously conceived (SC children participated. No significant difference in methylation in lymphocyte samples was observed between groups for any loci. Possible differences were found in buccal cell samples for IGF2 DMR0 (Difference: 2.07; 95% confidence interval (CI: -0.28, 4.42; p = 0.08 and IGF2R (Difference: -2.79; 95% CI: -5.74, 0.16; p = 0.06. Subgroup analysis indicated potential lower methylation in those whose parents used ART for unexplained infertility. Conclusions Observed differences in methylation between the ART and SC groups were small for all loci in the two sample types examined and no statistical differences were observed. It is still unclear whether or not small differences observed in several studies represent a real difference between groups and if this difference is biologically meaningful. Larger studies with long term follow-up are needed to fully answer these questions.

  3. Recipe and technology development for minced canned products of special purpose based on the underutilized north region fishery object (thorny skate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raibulov S. P.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of justifying the use of thorny skate in the technology of minced meat canned products of special purpose. The key criterion determined the specialized purpose of canned food is the high content of physiologically functional food ingredient of chondroitin sulfate in the cartilage of thorny skate wings. The high content of chondroitin sulfate in raw materials ensures that the content of the physiologically functional ingredient in the finished canned food will be at the level from 220 to 250 mg per 100 g of product. The method of IR blanching is presented for removing urea from the thorny skate muscle tissue. To confirm the efficiency of the developed method of urea removal, it has been proposed to use a modified photocolorimetric method for determination of mass fractions of urea in feed flour according to the governmental standard GOST R 50032–92 "Feed flour made of fish, marine mammals, crustaceans and invertebrates. Methods of determining the mass fraction of urea and calculation of the crude protein with a given mass fraction of carbamide". With the help of this technique, the efficiency of urea removal from the thorny skate tissue by the proposed method has been determined. The residual urea content in the meat of thorny skate after IR blanching is 0.76 %, which is two times lesser than border value of sensitivity of the person (approximated as 1.2 %. The paper presents the materials of experimental substantiation of optimum formulation of new canned meat based on the method of fuzzy modeling. The ratio of the main components of the meatballs recipe (thorny skate and Atlantic cod close to the optimum is 48 % by weight of meat for each component separately.

  4. A comparative evaluation of endemic and non-endemic region of visceral leishmaniasis (Kala-azar in India with ground survey and space technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreekant Kesari

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In visceral leishmaniasis, phlebotomine vectors are targets for control measures. Understanding the ecosystem of the vectors is a prerequisite for creating these control measures. This study endeavours to delineate the suitable locations of Phlebotomus argentipes with relation to environmental characteristics between endemic and non-endemic districts in India. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 25 villages in each district. Environmental data were obtained through remote sensing images and vector density was measured using a CDC light trap. Simple linear regression analysis was used to measure the association between climatic parameters and vector density. Using factor analysis, the relationship between land cover classes and P. argentipes density among the villages in both districts was investigated. The results of the regression analysis indicated that indoor temperature and relative humidity are the best predictors for P. argentipes distribution. Factor analysis confirmed breeding preferences for P. argentipes by landscape element. Minimum Normalised Difference Vegetation Index, marshy land and orchard/settlement produced high loading in an endemic region, whereas water bodies and dense forest were preferred in non-endemic sites. Soil properties between the two districts were studied and indicated that soil pH and moisture content is higher in endemic sites compared to non-endemic sites. The present study should be utilised to make critical decisions for vector surveillance and controlling Kala-azar disease vectors.

  5. Performance Comparison of Four SolarWorld Module Technologies at the US DOE Regional Test Center in New Mexico: November 2016 - March 2017.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burnham, Laurie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lave, Matthew Samuel [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Stein, Joshua [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-07-01

    This report provides a preliminary (three month) analysis for the SolarWorld system installed at the New Mexico Regional Test Center (RTC.) The 8.7kW, four-string system consists of four module types): bifacial, mono-crystalline, mono-crystalline glass-glass and polycrystalline. Overall, the SolarWorld system has performed well to date: most strings closely match their specification-sheet module temperature coefficients and Sandia 's f lash tests show that Pmax values are well within expectations. Although the polycrystalline modules underperformed, the results may be a function of light exposure, as well as mismatch within the string, and not a production flaw. The instantaneous bifacial gains for SolarWorld 's Bisun modules were modest but it should be noted that the RTC racking is not optimized for bifacial modules, nor is albedo optimized at the site. Additional analysis, not only of the SolarWorld installation in New Mexico but of the SolarWorld installations at the Vermont and Florida RTCs will be provide much more information regarding the comparative performance of the four module types.

  6. Photon technology. Laser process technology; Photon technology. Laser process gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For developing laser process technology by interaction between substance and photon, the present state, system, R and D issues and proposal of such technology were summarized. Development of the photon technology aims at the modification of bonding conditions of substances by quantum energy of photon, and the new process technology for generating ultra- high temperature and pressure fields by concentrating photon on a minute region. Photon technology contributes to not only the conventional mechanical and thermal forming and removal machining but also function added machining (photon machining) in quantum level and new machining technology ranging from macro- to micro-machining, creating a new industrial field. This technology extends various fields from the basis of physics and chemistry to new bonding technology. Development of a compact high-quality high-power high-efficiency photon source, and advanced photon transmission technology are necessary. The basic explication of an unsolved physicochemical phenomenon related to photon and substance, and development of related application technologies are essential. 328 refs., 147 figs., 13 tabs.

  7. Self-Organization Evolution Mechanism of Regional Technology Incubation Networks%区域科技孵化网络的自组织演化机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振华; 赵黎明

    2011-01-01

    区域科技孵化网络是一个涉及大量行为主体和要素之间相互作用的复杂社会经济系统.基于自组织演化理论,研究了区域科技孵化网络自组织演化的基本原理,指出合作竞争是区域科技孵化网络自组织演化的动力来源.根据承担功能的不同,把区域科技孵化网络分成了核心网络、辅助网络和外部网络3 个层次,分析了区域科技孵化网络由核心网络向辅助网络、外部网络自组织演化的过程.研究表明,当核心主体之间的联系不断加强,且大部分核心主体共享某些辅助主体和外部主体时,网络的有序性和有效性将不断提高.%The regional technology incubation network is a complex social economic system which involves interactions of a lot of actors and elements. This study examines the self-organization evolution process of regional technology incubation network based on self-organization theory, indicates that cooperation-competition is the motivation of the networks self-organization evolution. The network can be divided into three layers of core network, assistant network and exterior network based on the actors' function. The study indicates that the order and efficiency of the regional technology incubation network can be improved when the interactions of core actors are strengthened and most of the core actors share assistant and exterior actors.

  8. 基于SEVM的中国区域技术创新内生俱乐部收敛研究%A Study on the Endogenous Club Convergence of Chinese Regional Technology Innovation Based on the SEVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建

    2015-01-01

    文章构建一个既可以处理变量空间相关性又可以处理内生俱乐部收敛的计量经济模型。根据改进的空间特征向量映象(Spatial Eigenvector Mapping,SEVM)方法,利用这一模型对中国区域1997-2013年技术创新的收敛发散问题进行了研究。结果表明,SEVM空间过滤可以将样本数据空间相关性分离出来作为一个独立解释变量放入回归模型中从而拓展了经典计量经济模型处理数据空间相关性的方法;区域技术创新存在内生俱乐部收敛特性,俱乐部的划分以人力资本分别为每平方公里科学家工程师人数15人和118人为门槛;区域技术创新的空间相关性对三大俱乐部收敛有着不同的、显著正向促进作用。%This paper constructs an econometric model which not only processes the spatial correlation of variables but also deals with the endogenous club convergence. Then the paper,in accordance with the improved Spatial Eigenvector Mapping (SEVM) method,applies this model to make a study on the convergence of divergence problem of Chinese regional technology innovation from 1997 to 2013. The results show that the spatial correlation of sample data can be separated as an independent explanatory variable by using SEVM spatial filtering method and put into the regression model,so as to expand the method of classical econometric model processing the spatial correlation of data. Regional technology innovation presents the characteristics of endogenous club convergence,the clubs are classified by the standard of human capital,which is based on 15 scientists and 118 engineers per square kilometer respectively. The spatial correlation of regional technology innovation has a different and significant positive role in promoting the process of convergence of three major clubs.

  9. Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in The Marmara Region and Disaster Education in Turkey. (SATREPS Project: Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development by JICA-JST)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneda, Y.; Erdik, M. O.; Takahashi, N.; Meral Ozel, N.; Hori, T.; Hori, M.; Kumamoto, K.; Kalafat, D.; Pinar, A.; Ozel, A. O.; Yalciner, A. C.; Nurlu, M.; Tanircan, G.; Citak, S.; Ariyoshi, K.; Necmioglu, O.

    2014-12-01

    Since 1900, around 90,000 people have lost their lives in 76 earthquakes occurred in Turkey, with a total affected population of ~7 million and direct estimated losses of ~25 billion USD. About half the lives lost were due to two earthquakes associated with the North Anatolian Fault in 1939 and 1999. During this time, seven large westward-migrating earthquakes created a 900-km-long continuous surface rupture along the fault zone from Erzincan to the Marmara Sea, stopping just short of Istanbul. Based on a time-dependent model that includes coseismic and postseismic effects of the 1999 Kocaeli earthquake with moment magnitude (Mw) = 7.4, Parsons concluded that the probability of an earthquake with Mw >7 in the Sea of Marmara near Istanbul is 35% to 70% in the next 30 years. This high probability is shared by Tokyo and San Francisco; however, the earthquake fragility of the pre-2000 building stock in Turkey is much higher than that of California or Japan. (Erdik, 2013). All of the arguments described above provide a sound basis for a Japanese-Turkish partnership enabling each partner to share experiences gained from past destructive earthquakes and prepare for expected large earthquakes. The SATREPS project aims to address this need, also focusing on the tsunami hazard. The project's main objectives are i) to develop disaster mitigation policies and strategies based on multidisciplinary research activities; ii) to provide decision makers with newly found knowledge for its implementation to the current regulations; iii) to organize disaster education programs in order to increase disaster awareness in Turkey; iv) to contribute the evaluation of active fault studies in Japan. To achieve successfully these objectives, 4 research groups have been set specializing on observations, simulations, civil engineering and disaster education and the results will be integrated for disaster mitigation in the Marmara region and disaster education in Turkey.

  10. The Analysis of the Flow Desire of Regional Science and Technology Talent%胶东半岛科技型人才流动意愿

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张同全; 高建丽

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查的方法,对胶东半岛区域科技人才流动的意愿以及流动的影响因素进行调查,研究发现,年龄、管理风格和工作条件与科技人才流动意愿强度呈负相关;档案管理、户籍制度、信息共享、法律保护、经济环境、社会保障和政府服务与科技人才流动意愿强度呈正相关.其中,档案管理、户籍制度、法律保护、经济环境等因素对科技人才流动意愿的影响较大.%This article investigates the desire of the talent flow and the factors which influence the talent flow in regions. This paper analyzes the influential factors with spss 16. 0 statistical software, therefore, concludes the "Intensity equation of the Dow desire". The results show that there exists negative linear relationship between the age, management style, working conditions and the intensity of the talent flow desire, positive linear relationship between file management, information sharing, household registration system, legal protection, economic environment, government service, and the intensity of the talent flow desire. Among these factors, the file management, household registration system, legal protection and the economic environment have greater impact on the talent flow desire.

  11. 10 October 2013 - D. Braun First Deputy Minister for Regional Development, Czech Republic, P. Styczeń Deputy Minister of Transport, Construction and Maritime Economy, Republic of Poland and F. Palko State Secretary, Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development, Slovak Republic visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group Leader J. M. Jimenez and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    10 October 2013 - D. Braun First Deputy Minister for Regional Development, Czech Republic, P. Styczeń Deputy Minister of Transport, Construction and Maritime Economy, Republic of Poland and F. Palko State Secretary, Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development, Slovak Republic visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group Leader J. M. Jimenez and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

  12. Research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing based on RS and GIS technology: a case study of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Kai; Wen, MeiPing; Zhang, FeiFei; Yuan, Chao; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Xiupeng

    2016-10-01

    With the acceleration of urbanization in China, most rural areas formed a widespread phenomenon, i.e., destitute village, labor population loss, land abandonment and rural hollowing. And it formed a unique hollow village problem in China finally. The governance of hollow village was the objective need of the development of economic and social development in rural area for Chinese government, and the research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing was the premise and basis of the hollow village governance. In this paper, several evaluation methods were used to evaluate the rural hollowing based on the survey data, land use data, social and economic development data. And these evaluation indexes were the transition of homesteads, the development intensity of rural residential areas, the per capita housing construction area, the residential population proportion in rural area, and the average annual electricity consumption, which can reflect the rural hollowing degree from the land, population, and economy point of view, respectively. After that, spatial analysis method of GIS was used to analyze the evaluation result for each index. Based on spatial raster data generated by Kriging interpolation, we carried out re-classification of all the results. Using the fuzzy clustering method, the rural hollowing degree in Ningxia area was reclassified based on the two spatial scales of county and village. The results showed that the rural hollowing pattern in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region had a spatial distribution characteristics that the rural hollowing degree was obvious high in the middle of the study area but was low around the study area. On a county scale, the specific performances of the serious rural hollowing were the higher degree of extensive land use, and the lower level of rural economic development and population transfer concentration. On a village scale, the main performances of the rural hollowing were the rural population loss and idle land. The

  13. Study on the mechanical characteristics and the key construction technology of center deep ditch in cold region tunnel%寒区隧道中心水沟的受力与施工关键技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车宝华; 周小涵

    2015-01-01

    针对现阶段广泛使用的寒区铁路隧道中心深埋水沟的施工难点和受力特性进行了研究,用有限元方法重点计算分析了浅埋偏压隧道中心深埋水沟的受力特性,结果表明,中心深埋水沟开挖后隧道结构水平和竖向变形有明显增大。%The mechanical characteristics and construction technology of center deep ditch in cold region railway tunnel was studied. Using finite element mode,the mechanics characteristic of shallow buried partial stressful tunnel was done. It shows that the center deep ditch increases hori-zontal and vertical deformation of the tunnel structure greatly.

  14. Analysis on Current Status of Construction of Science and Technology Service Supermarket in Rural Region of Jiangsu Province%简析江苏农村科技服务超市建设现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 吴翔; 周建涛; 徐凯飞

    2012-01-01

    Construction of science and technology service supermarket in rural region of Jiangsu Province is a new trial of science and technology service means and service mode. Current status of the construction was introduced in detail in the paper, i.e., there were stores, teams, networks, bases, achievements and brands in the science and technology service supermarket. The innovation points were summed up from such aspects as talents resources, service means, networks and service mechanism. Imperfect of the supermarket was analyzed, such as the construction speed, links between levels, market operation and safeguard measures. Some corresponding suggestions for improvement were put forward.%江苏农村科技服务超市的建设是农村科技服务手段和服务模式创新的一种尝试。文章详细介绍了科技服务超市以有店面、有队伍、有网络、有基地、有成果、有品牌等"六有"为主要模式的建设现状,归纳出农村科技服务超市在人才资源、服务手段、网络体系、服务机制等方面的创新点,分析了目前农村科技服务超市在建设速度、层级联系、市场化运作和保障措施等方面的不足之处,并提出相应改进建议。

  15. Building a Successful Technology Cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silicon Valley is the iconic cluster—a dense regional network of companies, universities, research institutions, and other stakeholders involved in a single industry. Many regions have sought to replicate the success of Silicon Valley, which has produced technological innov...

  16. 中国全要素能源效率与能源技术的区域差异%The regional disparities of China' s total - factor energy efficiency and energy technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪克亮; 杨宝臣; 杨力

    2012-01-01

    Based on total -factor production theory, a non- parametric frontier is constructed by Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Under the framework of meta - frontier, the analysis and comparison have been made on the regional disparities of China' s total - factor energy efficiency during the period of 2000 - 2007. Additionally, a quantitative Technology Gap Ratios (TGR) - based analysis has been made on tile technology gap on regional energy utilization in China. The conclusions are as follows : The overall level of China' s total - factor energy is on the low side during the sample period, its average value is only 0. 688 under countrywide meta - frontier and thus energy - saving potential could be increased by 31.2% in order to maintain the present economic output. There are significant regional disparities in energy technology and risk of further expansion of the energy technology gaps among three major areas. In east area of China, the TGR stays at above 95% and approaches the optimal nation level. In central area and west area of China, comparing with optimal national level, there are improvement potentials of 18.6% and 26.6% , respectively.%基于全要素生产理论,利用数据包络分析(DEA)方法构建非参数前沿,在共同前沿方法框架下分析比较2000-2007年中国全要素能源效率的区域差异,并利用"技术缺口比率(TGR)"定量考察中国区域能源利用的技术差距。结果表明:样本期间内中国全要素能源效率整体水平偏低,在全国共同前沿下的均值仅为0.688,维持既定经济产出的节能空间达到31.2%;从区域角度来看,中国能源技术存在显著差异,其中东部地区接近全国最优水平,样本期内TGR始终维持在0.95以上,而中、西部地区距离全国潜在最优能源技术还分别存在18.6%和26.6%的改进潜力,三大区域之间的能源技术差距有进一步扩大的危险。

  17. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Improved Die Casting Process to Preserve the Life of the Inserts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Schwam, PI; Xuejun Zhu, Sr. Research Associate

    2012-09-30

    The goal of this project was to study the combined effects of die design, proper internal cooling and efficient die lubricants on die life. The project targeted improvements in die casting insert life by: Optomized Die Design for Reduced Surface Temperature: The life of die casting dies is significantly shorter when the die is exposed to elevated temperature for significant periods of time. Any die operated under conditions leading to surface temperature in excess of 1050oF undergoes structural changes that reduce its strength. Optimized die design can improve die life significantly. This improvement can be accomplished by means of cooling lines, baffles and bubblers in the die. A key objective of the project was to establish criteria for the minimal distance of the cooling lines from the surface. This effort was supported with alloys and machining by BohlerUddeholm, Dunn Steel, HH Stark and Rex Buckeye. In plant testing and evaluation was conducted as in-kind cost share at St. Clair Die Casting. The Uddeholm Dievar steel evaluated in this program showed superior resistance to thermal fatigue resistance. Based on the experimental evidence, cooling lines could be placed as close as 0.5" from the surface. Die Life Extension by Optimized Die Lubrication: The life of die casting dies is affected by additions made to its surface with the proper lubricants. These lubricants will protect the surface from the considerable temperature peaks that occur when the molten melt enters the die. Dies will reach a significantly higher temperature without this lubricant being applied. The amount and type of the lubricant are critical variables in the die casting process. However, these lubricants must not corrode the die surface. This effort was supported with alloys and machining by BohlerUddeholm, Dunn Steel, HH Stark and Rex Buckeye. In plant testing and evaluation was conducted as in-kind cost share at St. Clair Die Casting. Chem- Trend participated in the program with die

  18. 陇东旱塬区玉米高产集成技术与示范%Research and Demonstration of Integrated High Yield Corn Cultivation Technology on the Loess Plateau Region of East Gansu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史聚宝

    2012-01-01

    陇东旱塬区玉米(Zea mays L.)高产集成技术是以全膜覆盖、双垄沟播技术为核心,集成组装测土配方施肥+良种应用+适期早播、宽窄行密植+病虫害监测防控等技术,推出“全膜覆盖玉米(留膜免耕)-冬油菜(留膜免耕)-大豆(高塬夏菜)”两年三熟制种植模式.该技术在甘肃省泾川县经5年推广试验示范,玉米平均增产3 247.5 kg/hm2,增加产值7 306.9元/hm2,较对照(常规种植)增加生产成本1 357.5元/hm2,新增总产值19 641.5万元,新增总纯收益15 941.7万元,产投比5.3∶1,科技投资收益率431%,推广投资收益率4 460%,取得了极显著的社会效益和经济效益.%The core of integrated high yield corn (Zea mays L.) cultivation technology on the Loess plateau region of east Gansu was double ridges with whole plastic film cover. By integrating fertilization according to soil testing, elite seed application, suitable early sowing, reasonable planting dense and pest monitor-control technology, the "mulching corn (film remaining and no-tillage)-winter rape (film remaining and no-tillage)-soybean (high tableland summer vegetable)" with three mature in two years planting model was put forward. Through experiment and demonstration plant for 5 years in Jingchuan of Gansu, the average yield of corn was increased by 3 247.5 kg/hm2, with the output value increasing by 7 306.9 Yuan/hm2 compared with control. The cost of production was increased by 1 357.5 Yuan/hm2; while the total output value was increased by 19 641.5 million yuan, thus the total net income was increased by 15 941.7 million Yuan with the output to input ratio 5.3:1. The return of science and technology investment was 431%; of promotion investment was 4 460%, with remarkable social and economic benefits.

  19. Teaching, Technology, and the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

    Research findings on college instruction and technology and the future are discussed in 15 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Technology, Teaching, and the Future" (William F. May); "Bauhaus Experience: A Team Method of Teaching Technology" (Euguene…

  20. Spatial Dynamics of Technological Evolution: Technological Relatedness as Driver for Radical Emerging Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanner, Anne Nygaard

    over time, economic geographers have been occupied by accumulation of knowledge in space. For long, it has been discussed whether Marshallian specialization or Jacobian diversification externalities favor regional innovativeness. In the case of radical innovation, studies have found empirical support...... hypothesis that the accumulation of knowledge at the regional level is an important driver for the emergence of radical technology. The paper focuses on the case of fuel cell (FC) technology, which is argued to be a radical technology, understood as a disruption and discontinuation of technological...... trajectories. In more details, the paper tests two opposing hypotheses: 1) A diverse regional knowledge base leads to radical innovation, and 2) Related Variety in the regional knowledge base leads to radical innovation. And two specific hypotheses for the emergence of FC technology: 3) FC technological...

  1. CHP Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learn about CHP technologies, including reciprocating engines, combustion turbines, steam turbines, microturbines, fuel cells, and waste heat to power. Access the Catalog of CHP Technologies and the Biomass CHP Catalog of Technologies.

  2. Assistive Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Page Resize Text Printer Friendly Online Chat Assistive Technology Assistive technology (AT) is any service or tool that helps ... be difficult or impossible. For older adults, such technology may be a walker to improve mobility or ...

  3. Report on the project for spread/promotion of technology for the industrial waste optimized treatment in the Asian region (International Symposium `98); Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo (symposium kaisai) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In Japan and Asian countries, the optimized treatment of industrial waste is the problem with the economic growth. Border-crossing movement of the waste for promotion of the renewable use is also a problem. Therefore, the International Symposium `98 on the industrial waste problem in the Asian region was held. China, Thailand, the Philippines and Korea were invited to Japan to give lectures. MITI of Japan reported on the present situation of Japan and the cooperation with Asian countries. The industrial circle reported on efforts for environmental protection measures to be taken, the industrial waste problem at companies which advanced into Asian countries, effects of the Basel Convention on recycling activities, Japan`s role in Asia, etc. In the panel discussion, promotion of cooperation for recycling technology and Japan`s support for formulating strategy on the industrial waste were requested to Japan, and the construction of an Asian area network was proposed. Concerning the cooperative system between governments and private companies, it was concluded that it was necessary to discuss it considering the actual state of each country. Importance of recycle and information exchange was realized again. 10 refs., 15 figs., 27 tabs.

  4. 一种采用DAB技术的分区广播接收终端设计%A Design of DAB Technology-based Regional Radio Receiving Terminal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国裕; 陈永飞; 张红升

    2013-01-01

    According to the digital audio broadcasting(DAB(technology,this paper designed a new wireless regional radio receiver terminal.Such novel partition broadcast receiving terminal,using a proactive identification mechanism,not only can filter and shield the specified broadcast information,but also can accurately judge the legitimacy of the transmission source of the broadcast information.Test results showed that the partition radio receiving terminal can correct completion of the partition broadcast each function,reaction time below 10s,signal sensitivity to-99dBm.%  本文采用数字音频广播(DAB)技术,设计了一种新的无线分区广播接收终端,制定了一套主动身份识别机制,不但能筛选和屏蔽指定的广播信息,还能进行判断广播信息发射源的合法性.经测试,这种分区广播接收终端能够正确的完成分区广播的各项功能,反应时间在3s以内,信号灵敏度达到-99dBm.

  5. Comprehensive Fire Control Technology of Carbon Monoxide Exceeded Treatment in Caving Region of Hongliu Colliery%高冒区CO超限治理的综合防灭火技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄彦云; 代涛; 史波波

    2015-01-01

    红柳煤矿I010204工作面冒顶区充填高分子材料引起高分子材料或浮煤燃烧,进而CO超限最高达5000ppm。为有效地控制CO气体的超限,通过灌浆、注氮、注液氮和注三相泡沫等综合防灭火措施,保证了工作面的安全启封和顺利回收。本研究为宁东矿区在今后的工作面回撤阶段的防灭火工作,提供了技术保障和很好的借鉴作用。%Mine caving region of I010204 working faces of Hongliu colliery filled with polymer material burned because of high molecular material or float coal combustion caused by the overrun heat, and CO up to 5000ppm. For effective control of CO gas overrun, comprehensive fire control technology of grouting, nitro⁃gen injection, injection of liquid nitrogen and three-phase foam was empolyed to ensure the safety of the working face, the unsealing and smooth recovery. Fire prevention work of the research provides technical sup⁃port and a good reference for the Ningdong mine back stage in the future.

  6. 寒冷地区被动式超低能耗建筑关键技术研究%Research on key technologies of passive house in cold region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈强; 王崇杰; 李洁; 刘兴民

    2016-01-01

    随着绿色、循环、低碳发展理念的不断普及,被动式超低能耗建筑因其能源效率高、对环境污染少且舒适性等的特点,成为目前应对能源危机、气候变化以及人们追求高品质生活质量而选择的重要的建筑形式.而积极探索寒冷地区被动式超低能耗建筑建设关键技术方案,实现我国被动超低能耗建筑的本土化发展已迫在眉睫.文章阐述了国内外被动式超低能耗建筑发展的概况,针对寒冷地区的被动式超低能耗建筑从无热桥的高效建筑保温系统、建筑气密性设计、遮阳设计、高效新风热回收系统、辅助供暖供冷系统等关键技术进行了设计研究,提出了适宜寒冷地区被动式超低能耗建筑发展策略.%With the growing popularity of green,recycling,low carbon development concept,the passive house is able to deal with energy crisis,climate change and peopleˊs pursuit of high quality life due to its higher energy efficiency,less pollution to environment,more comfort,and becomes an important kind of construction. Exploring key technical scheme actively in the cold region passive house construction and realizing the super localization of passive house development is imminent. The paper gives a domestic and foreign passive ultra overview of the development of the construction of low energy consumption,and does research on key technologies of passive house about the thermal bridge, building insulation system,building air tight design,shading design,fresh air heat recovery system, auxiliary heating for cooling system in cold region,and puts forward the suitable passive ultra low energy consumption construction and development strategy for cold region.

  7. Photon technology. Hard photon technology; Photon technology. Hard photon gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the application of photon to industrial technologies, in particular, a hard photon technology was surveyed which uses photon beams of 0.1-200nm in wavelength. Its features such as selective atom reaction, dense inner shell excitation and spacial high resolution by quantum energy are expected to provide innovative techniques for various field such as fine machining, material synthesis and advanced inspection technology. This wavelength region has been hardly utilized for industrial fields because of poor development of suitable photon sources and optical devices. The developmental meaning, usable time and issue of a hard photon reduction lithography were surveyed as lithography in ultra-fine region below 0.1{mu}m. On hard photon analysis/evaluation technology, the industrial use of analysis, measurement and evaluation technologies by micro-beam was viewed, and optimum photon sources and optical systems were surveyed. Prediction of surface and surface layer modification by inner shell excitation, the future trend of this process and development of a vacuum ultraviolet light source were also surveyed. 383 refs., 153 figs., 17 tabs.

  8. NASA's southeast technology transfer alliance: A cooperative technology assistance initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craft, Harry G.; Sheehan, William; Johnson, Anne

    1996-03-01

    Since 1958, NASA has been charged with actively assisting in the transfer of technologies derived from the United States space program into the industrial sector of the U.S. economy. This has historically been accomplished through technology transfer offices working independently at each NASA field center. NASA recently restructured the program to provide regional coordination, maximize efficiencies, eliminate redundancies, and capitalize on each center's fundamental technology strengths. The nation is divided into six NASA technology transfer geographical regions with each region containing one or more NASA field centers and a regional technology transfer center. The southeast region includes the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. The NASA field centers in this region are: the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama; the Kennedy Space Center in Florida; and the Stennis Space Center in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. The centers have teamed to focus primarily on regional industries and businesses, to provide a wide range of resources for U.S. industries, including access to unique government facilities, regional workshops, and technical problem solving. Hundreds of American businesses have benefited from this new regional initiative, as evidenced by reports of over 10,500 added or saved jobs and over 988 million worth of economic impacts as a result of their technology transfer activities.

  9. Fiscal 1995 coal production/utilization technology promotion subsidy/clean coal technology promotion business/regional model survey. Study report on `Environmental load reduction measures: feasibility study of a coal utilization eco/energy supply system` (interim report); 1995 nendo sekitan seisan riyo gijutsu shinkohi hojokin clean coal technology suishin jigyo chiiki model chosa. `Kankyo fuka teigen taisaku: sekitan riyo eko energy kyokyu system no kanosei chosa` chosa hokokusho (chukan hokoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The coal utilization is expected to make substantial growth according to the long-term energy supply/demand plan. To further expand the future coal utilization, however, it is indispensable to reduce environmental loads in its total use with other energies, based on the coal use. In this survey, a regional model survey was conducted as environmental load reduction measures using highly cleaned coal which were taken in fiscal 1993 and 1994. Concretely, a model system was assumed which combined facilities for mixed combustion with coal and other energy (hull, bagasse, waste, etc.) and facilities for effective use of burned ash, and potential reduction in environmental loads of the model system was studied. The technology of mixed combustion between coal and other energy is still in a developmental stage with no novelties in the country. Therefore, the mixed combustion technology between coal and other energy is an important field which is very useful for the future energy supply/demand and environmental issues. 34 refs., 27 figs., 48 tabs.

  10. Regional Employment Growth, Shocks and Regional Industrial Resilience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, J.R.; Østergaard, Christian Richter

    2015-01-01

    The resilience of regional industries to economic shocks has gained a lot of attention in evolutionary economic geography recently. This paper uses a novel quantitative approach to investigate the regional industrial resilience of the Danish information and communication technology (ICT) sector...... to the shock following the burst of the dot.com bubble. It is shown that regions characterized by small and young ICT service companies were more adaptable and grew more than others, while diversity and urbanization increased the sensitivity to the business cycle after the shock. Different types of resilient...... regions are found: adaptively resilient, rigidly resilient, entrepreneurially resilient and non-resilient regions....

  11. 基于生命周期理论的区域科技信息服务协同风险管理研究%A Study on the Synergy Risk Management of Regional Science and Technology Information Service Based on the Life Cycle Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 郭太敏; 王敏; 宋振玲; 刘春侠

    2014-01-01

    运用生命周期理论将区域科技信息服务系统风险管理分为选择期风险管理、形成期风险管理、运行期风险管理、成熟期风险管理和衰退期风险管理五个阶段,结合协同理论分析区域科技信息服务内部各种序参量协同发展过程和区域科技信息服务系统生命周期各个阶段中主要风险类型,建立区域科技信息服务协同风险管理的生命周期模型,提出区域科技信息服务风险管理应与区域科技信息服务生命周期系统协同发展。%Using the life cycle theory, the risk management of regional science and technology information service system can be divided into selection stage, formation, running period, maturation and the collapse of the five stages.Combining synergy theory analysis, the all kinds of regional science and technology information service internal order parameter collaborative develop-ment process and the main risk types of regional science and technology information service system life cycle stages are analyzed. The regional science and technology information service risk management should be coordinated development of regional scientific and technological information service life cycle system is proposed.

  12. 风险投资对区域技术创新的影响研究 ——基于2005—2014年面板数据的实证分析%On Impact of Venture Capital to China's Regional Technology Innovation:An Empirical Rresearch Based on Panel Data Between 2005 and 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴松强; 宗峻麒

    2015-01-01

    通过收集技术创新、风险投资、研发投入及经济发展水平相关数据,运用专利产出生产函数的面板数据模型,考察2005—2014年中国京津冀、长三角与珠三角三大区域的风险投资对技术创新的促进效应. 研究发现:当期风险投资对三大区域内的技术创新都产生负向促进效应,改变滞后期后,其负向促进效应逐渐减弱,直至产生正向促进. 此外,三大区域的技术创新水平存在显著差异,长三角地区的技术创新水平最高.%By collecting data of technology innovation, venture capital, R&D investment and economic develop-ment level from three Chinese regions, using panel data model of patent output production function, the paper examines the stimulus of venture capital to technology innovation in China's three major regions which are Bei-jing-Tianjin-Hebei Province, Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta between 2005 and 2014. The result shows that the current impact of venture capitals to technological innovation in the three regions are negative, but after the lag period, the negative effect weakens until a positive motivation effect appears. Meanwhile, the study also finds out significant technological innovation level differences in three major regions ,technology innovation in the Yangtze River Delta is higher than other two regions.

  13. Research on the Evaluation System of Regional Ecosystem for Entrepreneurial Talent of Science and Technology Based on AHP-DEA%基于AHP-DEA方法的区域科技创业人才生态系统评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周方涛

    2013-01-01

    区域科技创业人才生态系统的完善程度直接影响科技创业人才的创业活动.现有的创业生态系统评价研究文献中对创业人才的作用研究不多.文章提出了区域科技创业人才生态系统评价体系,依据层次分析法和数据包络分析法各自特点,构造了两者结合的综合评价模型对科技创业人才生态系统进行综合评价,选取了主体要素、服务与支持要素和环境要素3个—级指标,10个二级指标和39个三级指标,建立评价指标系统,运用层次分析法确定各影响因素的权重,在此基础上,运用数据包络分析法,对15个城市2010年科技创业人才生态系统的技术效率、纯技术效率和规模效率进行评价.最后,提出优化区域科技创业人才生态系统的对策建议.%The existing literature most based on the entrepreneurial ecosystem model, empirical research, science and technology enterprises and special personnel entrepreneurial environment and other aspects of the research, but not on the research of the entrepreneurial talent of science and technology enterprise problems. The research on the ecological system of entrepreneurial talent of science and technology is short of system evaluation index system with existing enterprise. The former studies on the evaluation system of the main business haven't taken the factors into the evaluation system of vision of the design and the interaction effect between main business and entrepreneurship environment is ignored, therefore it is not complete. The purpose of the study is to design Regional Science and Technology innovation talent ecological evaluation index system, through appropriate mathematical methods for model validation evaluation index system scientifically, and the evaluation empirical analysis of the science and technology entrepreneurship ecosystem in 15 Chinese cities. On the basis of the existing researches, this article uses the ecology theory method to establish

  14. Final Environmental Assessment, Family Camp Facility Buckey Air Force Base, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-07

    prefinished, metal roof and spit face concrete masonry unit (CMU) wall construction. Laundry Room A small room for three washer/ dryer stack units, with...western wheatgrass (Agropyron smithii), and buffalo grass (Buchloe dactyloides). Other common grasses include tumble grass (Schedonnardus paniculatus) and

  15. Technology Maturity is Technology Superiority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-09

    Dominant Air Power: Design For Tomorrow…Deliver Today 2 TECHNOLOGY MATURITY CONFERENCE • ONE DEFINITION OF MATURITY – GOOD JUDGEMENT COMES FROM...EXPERIENCE—EXPERIENCE COMES FROM BAD JUDGEMENT Dominant Air Power: Design For Tomorrow…Deliver Today 3 TECHNOLOGY MATURITY CONFERENCE • THIS WILL BE A...2008 TECHNOLOGY MATURITY CONFERENCE “ TECHNOLOGY MATURITY IS TECHNOLOGY SUPERIORITY” Aeronautical Systems Center Dr. Tom Christian ASC/EN, WPAFB OH

  16. Strengthening regional safeguards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palhares, L.; Almeida, G.; Mafra, O. [Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)] [and others

    1996-08-01

    Nuclear cooperation between Argentina and Brazil has been growing since the early 1980`s and as it grew, so did cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE). The Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) was formed in December 1991 to operate the Common System of Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (SCCC). In April 1994, ABACC and the DOE signed an Agreement of Cooperation in nuclear material safeguards. This cooperation has included training safeguards inspectors, exchanging nuclear material measurement and containment and surveillance technology, characterizing reference materials, and studying enrichment plant safeguards. The goal of the collaboration is to exchange technology, evaluate new technology in Latin American nuclear facilities, and strengthen regional safeguards. This paper describes the history of the cooperation, its recent activities, and future projects. The cooperation is strongly supported by all three governments: the Republics of Argentina and Brazil and the United States.

  17. 2017 Technology Showcase | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    The 2017 Technology Showcase is an inaugural, half-day event that will showcase technologies developed by the National Cancer Institute's Center for Cancer Research (CCR) and the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research (FNLCR). The goal of the Showcase is to encourage startup company formation, technology licensing, and public-private collaborations. It will introduce the Frederick community to the regional technology development stakeholders, as well as highlight available resources. WHO SHOULD ATTEND: Prospective investors, established companies, educators, those looking to commercialize technologies, and all interested stakeholders. | [google6f4cd5334ac394ab.html

  18. Globalization & technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Narula, Rajneesh

    Technology and globalization are interdependent processes. Globalization has a fundamental influence on the creation and diffusion of technology, which, in turn, affects the interdependence of firms and locations. This volume examines the international aspect of this interdependence at two levels...

  19. Living Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    This book is aimed at anyone who is interested in learning more about living technology, whether coming from business, the government, policy centers, academia, or anywhere else. Its purpose is to help people to learn what living technology is, what it might develop into, and how it might impact...... our lives. The phrase 'living technology' was coined to refer to technology that is alive as well as technology that is useful because it shares the fundamental properties of living systems. In particular, the invention of this phrase was called for to describe the trend of our technology becoming...... increasingly life-like or literally alive. Still, the phrase has different interpretations depending on how one views what life is. This book presents nineteen perspectives on living technology. Taken together, the interviews convey the collective wisdom on living technology's power and promise, as well as its...

  20. Living Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    This book is aimed at anyone who is interested in learning more about living technology, whether coming from business, the government, policy centers, academia, or anywhere else. Its purpose is to help people to learn what living technology is, what it might develop into, and how it might impact...... our lives. The phrase 'living technology' was coined to refer to technology that is alive as well as technology that is useful because it shares the fundamental properties of living systems. In particular, the invention of this phrase was called for to describe the trend of our technology becoming...... increasingly life-like or literally alive. Still, the phrase has different interpretations depending on how one views what life is. This book presents nineteen perspectives on living technology. Taken together, the interviews convey the collective wisdom on living technology's power and promise, as well as its...

  1. Emerging Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Salgar, S. M.

    2004-01-01

    Phenomenal advancements have taken place in the field of Information and communication technologies in the last decade. Spectacular and innovative changes are expected to take place in these fields in coming decade. Networking technologies are going through a sea change. This paper enumerates the likely networking technologies which are emerging, particularly WLANs. Most of the personal communication in the country will be through cellular/ mobile technologies, which are also covered in the p...

  2. From Blackboard to Green Screen: Teachers, Technology and Turmoil. Proceedings of the Conference of the Townsville Regional Group of the Australian College of Education (8th, Townsville, Queensland, Australia, May 15-16, 1987).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, R., Ed.

    The examination of technological change and its impact on schools that is reported in these conference proceedings focuses on the human dimensions of this change, and in particular, whether the introduction of technology into education is causing turmoil for teachers. It is argued that teachers appear to be feeling the strain of the actual changes…

  3. Soulful Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fausing, Bent

    2010-01-01

    or anthropomorphism is important for the branding of new technology. Technology is seen as creating a techno-transcendence towards a more qualified humanity which is in contact with fundamental human values like intuition, vision, and sensing; all the qualities that technology, industrialization, and rationalization...

  4. Technology Tiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    A technology tier is a level in a product system: final product, system, subsystem, component, or part. As a concept, it contrasts traditional “vertical” special technologies (for example, mechanics and electronics) and focuses “horizontal” feature technologies such as product characteristics...

  5. Technology Tiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    A technology tier is a level in a product system: final product, system, subsystem, component, or part. As a concept, it contrasts traditional “vertical” special technologies (for example, mechanics and electronics) and focuses “horizontal” feature technologies such as product characteristics...

  6. Assistive Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auat Cheein, Fernando A., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This book offers the reader new achievements within the Assistive Technology field made by worldwide experts, covering aspects such as assistive technology focused on teaching and education, mobility, communication and social interactivity, among others. Each chapter included in this book covers one particular aspect of Assistive Technology that…

  7. Transitioning DARPA Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    capable of reflecting images in the visible and infrared spectral regions. The technology is being incorporated into the military eBook (MIL eBook ) for...It’s man portable, highly deployable and fits in the trunk of a cruiser. It has been successfully tested by Los Alamos National Lab and New Mexico State

  8. A Test of Technology Spatial Spillover and Economic Catch Up among Regions Based on Patent Data and Spatial Econometrics Model%技术的空间维度溢出与经济追赶——基于省份专利数据和空间计量的验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛欣; 陈向东; 张古鹏

    2012-01-01

    利用区域技术创新倾向来测度各区域技术水平,结合空间计量经济相关理论改进了Pigliaru包含外生倾向增长模型,构建加入地理空间因素的知识生产函数模型和包含创新空间溢出的外生增长模型;基于我国省份专利数据验证了区域间技术创新倾向的空间关联性和空间维度的溢出及其对区域间经济追赶的正向作用.%This paper defines the regional technology propensities to innovate on behalf of the difference of technology among regions, combines the spatial econometrics theory to improve Pigliaru (1999)'s growth model and establish the new growth model with exogenous propensity to innovate; It tests the spatial correlation and spillovers of technology propensities to innovate based on the regional data of patent applications to, and the results show that it has positive effect on economic convergence among regions.

  9. Generating Local Needs through Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    á Rogvi, Sofie; Juul, Annegrete; Langstrup, Henriette

    2016-01-01

    The rhetoric of need is commonplace in discourses of technology and innovation, as well as in global health. Users are said to have a need for innovative technology, and citizens in resource-poor regions to have a need for improved healthcare. In this article we follow a global health technology......—more specifically, a piece of software for monitoring diabetes quality—from Denmark, where it was developed, to Jakarta, Indonesia, where it was introduced in 2012–13. Using ethnographic material, we show how the need for a specific technology is constituted through the very process of moving a technology from one...

  10. Regional Competition in Maghreb Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EL AMOURI ALLAL

    2016-01-01

    Great powers focus on cooperation instead of competition in their regions in order to maintain stability and develop the economy of their regions and the world in general. The United States for example created the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFT

  11. 青海木里冻土区天然气水合物钻探施工技术%Natural Gas Hydrate Drilling Technology in Muri Permafrost Region, Qinghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣风龙; 鲍海山; 怀军; 杨辰铭

    2015-01-01

    钻探取心是天然气水合物资源调查研究的一种重要技术手段,也是识别天然气水合物最有效的方法之一。青海木里煤田三露天调查区地质构造复杂,水合物钻探施工时极易出现孔壁坍塌、水合物分解、气侵泥浆及孔内涌气、涌水、漏失等问题,取芯困难、钻进效率低。针对这些技术难题,开展了泥浆制冷技术、大口径绳索快速取心钻进技术、聚合物低温泥浆工艺及泥浆防塌体系、钻孔结构及钻进参数优化、钻头选型、气体防喷等技术工艺研究,并在现场实践中取得了较好的效果,为今后青藏高原冻土地带进行天然气水合物钻探施工提供借鉴。%Borehole coring is one of major technical means to explore and study natural gas hydrate, also one of effective methods to identify natural gas hydrate. The Third Surface Coalmine exploration area in Muri coalfield, Qinghai has complicated geological struc⁃tures, during the drilling operation is easy to happen borehole wall collapse, hydrate decomposition, mud gas invasion, inrush of gas and water, circulation loss, difficult coring and low drilling efficiency etc. In allusion to above hard nuts have carried out measures of mud refrigeration, large diameter wire-line fast coring drilling and polymer low temperature mud technologies, as well as technical studies on mud collapse prevention system, borehole configuration, drilling parameters optimization, bit type selection and gas blowout preven⁃tion. Thus archived good effects in site operation practices and provided reference for natural gas hydrate drilling operation in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost region henceforth.

  12. Africa Region

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Impact of HIV/AIDS on» Gross Domestic Product (GGP) in the WHO. Africa Region ... methods) and for economic evaluations of treatment, prevention and promotion. , programmes. ..... develop new products), for which we could not find data ...

  13. Research on the Performance of Regional Scientific and Technological Innovation in Shanxi Province Baced on the Network DEA%基于网络DE A的山西省区域科技创新绩效评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁瑞敏; 彭佑元

    2014-01-01

    Science and technology innovation is the key power to promote the development of The Economic Transition in Shanxi province. On the basis of dividing of the Science and technology innovation process,the paper build the regional technological innovation efficiency model and index system in Shanxi Province,then use the chain network DEA method to measure 2000-201 2 in Shanxi Province scientific and technological innovation efficiency value and evaluate the effciency which is divided into four parts. Empirical results concluded that optimize the management mode of science and technology, improve the efficiency of transformation of scientific and technological achievements,cultivate market-oriented scientific research system are effective ways to promote regional scientific and technological innovation performance in Shanxi.%科技创新是推动山西省转型跨越发展的关键力量。在划分区域科技创新子过程基础上构建山西省区域科技创新效率模型及指标体系,运用二阶段网络DEA方法测算山西省2001-2012年科技创新效率值并对4种分布类型加以分析。实证结果得出优化科技管理模式、提高科技成果转化效率、培育市场导向下的科研体制是山西省提升区域科技创新效率的有效途径。

  14. Regional odontodysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, D N; Bailoor, D; Patel, B

    2011-01-01

    Regional odontodysplasia is an unusual developmental anomaly in which ectodermal and mesodermal tooth components are affected. We present a rare case of a developmental anomaly called regional odontodysplasia or 'ghost teeth' in a 12-year-old Indian girl. The anomaly affected right maxillary permanent teeth. The mandibular teeth were unaffected. The clinical, radiographic and histological features are reviewed. The management of affected patients is discussed.

  15. Regional odontodysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D N Mehta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Regional odontodysplasia is an unusual developmental anomaly in which ectodermal and mesodermal tooth components are affected. We present a rare case of a developmental anomaly called regional odontodysplasia or ′ghost teeth′ in a 12-year-old Indian girl. The anomaly affected right maxillary permanent teeth. The mandibular teeth were unaffected. The clinical, radiographic and histological features are reviewed. The management of affected patients is discussed.

  16. 典型国家(地区)使能技术发展战略的共性特征分析及对我国的启示%Analysis on the Generic Characteristics of Enabling Technologies Strategy of some Typical Countries (Regions) and Its Inspiration to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许端阳; 徐峰

    2011-01-01

    近年来,一些发达国家陆续出台了使能技术发展的国家战略,强调在国家层面推动使能技术的创新.由于这些使能技术与我国战略性新兴产业发展所需的核心关键技术具有相似的内涵,因此国外使能技术发展战略的一些共性做法可以对我国推动战略性新兴产业技术创新有所启示.在分析苏格兰、欧盟以及澳大利亚使能技术的发展战略及内涵的基础上,对三个国家使能技术发展战略的一些共性特征进行归纳分析,并结合上述分析针对我国战略性新兴产业的技术创新提出若干建议.%In recent years, some developed countries (regions) have put out the national strategy for developing technologies, which focus on promoting the technology innovation at national level. Because these enabling technologies have the similar connotations to the key and core technologies that support the development of strategic emerging industries in China, those generic characteristics among the national strategy for developing enabling technologies in foreign countries (regions) could have some inspirations for technology innovation of developing strategic emerging industries. Based on the analysis of the enabling technologies strategy of Scotland, European Union, Australia and its connotation, this paper summarized the generic characteristic among the enabling technologies strategies of three countries (regions), and finally put forward some suggestions that could be helpful for technology innovation of developing strategic emerging industries in China.

  17. SADC REGION

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    distribution des semences, la commercialisation du manioc, les technologies de post culture, la formation, l'échange ... launched in 1994, with the major goal of increasing ... Phase 1 were research, training, information and .... costs, low multiplication rates, and poor keeping ..... SARRNET Workshop heldatPamodzi Hotel,.

  18. Sensemaking technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Charlotte Øland

    Research scope: The scope of the project is to study technological implementation processes by using Weick's sensemaking concept (Weick, 1995). The purpose of using a social constructivist approach to investigate technological implementation processes is to find out how new technologies transform......, Orlikowski 2000). Viewing the use of technology as a process of enactment opens up for investigating the social processes of interpreting new technology into the organisation (Orlikowski 2000). The scope of the PhD project will therefore be to gain a deeper understanding of how the enactment of new...... & Brass, 1990; Kling 1991; Orlikowski 2000). It also demonstrates that technology is a flexible variable adapted to the organisation's needs, culture, climate and management philosophy, thus leading to different uses and outcomes of the same technology in different organisations (Barley 1986; 1990...

  19. Science and Technology Parks in the Context of Social Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgaras Leichteris

    2013-08-01

    . Establishment of stronger interdisciplinary links of those different concepts has an impact on the effectiveness of the management of science and technology parks, competitiveness of regional and national economies. It allows definition of the areas for future research in a more detailed way, to make particular case studies and gather further evidence on the strength of established links, their main characteristics. It also allows design of new management models for science and technology parks, formulates the recommendations on the effectiveness of science and technology parks as institutions and as a part of innovation system, define new indicators for evaluation of performance and establish new work organization methods. The new concept of science and technology parks as an institutionalized form of social technology shall be elaborated in the future research.

  20. Science and Technology Parks in the Context of Social Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgaras Leichteris

    2011-08-01

    technologies. Establishment of stronger interdisciplinary links of those different concepts has an impact on the effectiveness of the management of science and technology parks, competitiveness of regional and national economies. It allows definition of the areas for future research in a more detailed way, to make particular case studies and gather further evidence on the strength of established links, their main characteristics. It also allows design of new management models for science and technology parks, formulates the recommendations on the effectiveness of science and technology parks as institutions and as a part of innovation system, define new indicators for evaluation of performance and establish new work organization methods. The new concept of science and technology parks as an institutionalized form of social technology shall be elaborated in the future research.

  1. Appropriate Technology as Indian Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Tom

    1979-01-01

    Describes the mounting enthusiasm of Indian communities for appropriate technology as an inexpensive means of providing much needed energy and job opportunities. Describes the development of several appropriate technology projects, and the goals and activities of groups involved in utilizing low scale solar technology for economic development on…

  2. Technology Integration: What Happens Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merillat, Linda; Holvoet, Jennifer; Adams, Doug

    2007-01-01

    As changes in federal funding spell the end of the network of Regional Technology in Education Consortia (R*TEC), the authors, who are staff members of the Advanced Learning Technologies project at the University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning, discuss resources left in R*TEC's wake. Many of these resources are still available and can…

  3. Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The CAS Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology (SIAT) is jointly founded by CAS and the government of Shenzhen, China's first special economic region. It is the first R&D entity in China specializing in modernized manufacturing and independent innovation with integrated technologies as its disciplinary orientation.

  4. Satellite-based technology, systems testing of fishing vessels: Newfoundland Region (1997) = Essais de systèmes de satellites pour les bateaux de pêche : règion de Terre-Neuve (1997)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1998-01-01

    The application of satellite-based technology for monitoring fishing vessels and fishing activity is an effective management tool, permitting two-way communication and electronic tracking and reporting...

  5. FY 1993 report of the results of the R and D of the important regional technology - Laser application advanced processing system technology. II. R and D of the composite functional member structure control technology (Development of the high grade surface processing technology of methane fueled aircraft use engine members); 1993 nendo juyo chiiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihtsu (fukugo kino buzai kozo seigyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (methane nenryo kokukiyo engine buzai no kodo hyomen kako gijutsu kaihatsu). 2. Laser oyo senshin kako system gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    In the fields of aerospace, energy, etc., the development is expected of materials for engine members which are reliable and durable for a long time under the severe environment. Materials are developed which are erosion-resistant under the non-erosion environment of the front of engine of methane fueled aircraft. The basic experiment was commenced on the fabrication of micro-fine surface of Ti-6Al-4V alloys, etc. by superimposed laser beam irradiation. As a technology to fabricate the composite surface layer by supplying alloy components on the material surface, the development was started of a technology to form hard coating by irradiating laser to the Ti alloy surface put with metal elements and compounds on. Literature survey was made of the laser surface reforming technology of Ti alloys, etc. using JOIS. As to the fabrication of the composite surface layer, it was found out that the layer is easy to be brittle together with hardness. In the experiment on the micro-fine surface fabrication, it was found out that as a characteristic of light collector, the integration mirror is flat in strength distribution. Concerning the fabrication of the composite surface layer, it is a must to make it gradient because micro cracks are generated with the rising surface hardness. (NEDO)

  6. Decontamination and decommissioning technology tree and the current status of the technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Won Zin; Won, H.J.; Kim, G.N.; Lee, K.W.; Chol, W.K.; Jung, C.H.; Kim, C.J.; Kim, S.H.; Kwon, S.O.; Chung, C.M

    2001-03-01

    A technology tree diagram was developed on the basis of the necessary technologies applicable to the decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear facilities. The technology tree diagram is consist of 6 main areas such as characterization, decontamination, decommissioning and remote technology, radwaste management, site restoration, and decommissioning plan and engineering. Characterization is divided into 4 regions such as sampling and data collection, general characterization, chemical analysis and radiological analysis. Decontamination is also divided into 4 regions such as chemical decontamination, mechanical decontamination, the other decontamination technologies and new decontamination technologies. Decommissioning and remote technology area is divided into 4 regions such as cutting techniques, decommissioning technologies, new developing technologies and remote technologies. Radwaste management area is divided into 5 regions such as solid waste treatment, sludge treatment, liquid waste treatment, gas waste treatment and thermal treatment. Site restoration area is divided into 3 regions such as the evaluation of site contamination, soil decontamination and ground water decontamination. Finally, permission, decommissioning process, cost evaluation, quality assurance and the estimation of radionuclide inventory were mentioned in the decommissioning plan and engineering area. The estimated items for each technology are applicable domestic D and D facilities, D and D problem area and contamination/requirement, classification of D and D technology, similar technology, principle and overview of technology, status, science technology needs, implementation needs, reference and contact point.

  7. Regional Industrial Diversification,Technological Innovation and Economic Development in China---Research Based on the Panel Simultaneous Equations Model%我国地区产业多样化、技术创新与经济发展--基于面板数据联立方程模型的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝树金; 于晓路; 钟腾龙

    2014-01-01

    在分析我国地区产业多样化、技术创新与经济发展之间相互影响机制的基础上,构建联立方程组模型,并利用2003-2011年我国31个省份的面板数据进行实证检验。结果表明,产业多样化通过技术创新促进地区经济发展;相邻地区产业多样化与创新水平对地区经济发展影响显著为正,表明存在空间依赖效应;进一步将产业多样化划分为相关和无关多样化,发现相关多样化是创新产出的主要原动力,无关多样化的影响效应不显著。%After analyzing the theoretical mechanism among regional industrial diversification,technolog-ical innovation and economic development in China,this paper puts forward the simultaneous equations model. Further the empirical test is implemented based on the Chinese provincial panel data from 2003 to 2011 . The results show that the industrial diversification significantly promotes the regional economic development through technological innovation. The industrial diversification and technological innovation from the adjacent provinces also plays the positive role in the regional economic development,which indicates the presence of spatial de-pendence effect. Further the regional industrial diversification is decomposed into the related and unrelated di-versification. It is found that the related diversification is the main determinant affecting the technological inno-vation,but the effect of unrelated diversification is not significant.

  8. Sensemaking technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Charlotte Øland

    & Brass, 1990; Kling 1991; Orlikowski 2000). It also demonstrates that technology is a flexible variable adapted to the organisation's needs, culture, climate and management philosophy, thus leading to different uses and outcomes of the same technology in different organisations (Barley 1986; 1990......, Orlikowski 2000). Viewing the use of technology as a process of enactment opens up for investigating the social processes of interpreting new technology into the organisation (Orlikowski 2000). The scope of the PhD project will therefore be to gain a deeper understanding of how the enactment of new...

  9. Chemistry Technology

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Chemistry technology experts at NCATS engage in a variety of innovative translational research activities, including:Design of bioactive small molecules.Development...

  10. Northeast Regional Biomass Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lusk, P.D.

    1992-12-01

    The Northeast Regional Biomass Program has been in operation for a period of nine years. During this time, state managed programs and technical programs have been conducted covering a wide range of activities primarily aim at the use and applications of wood as a fuel. These activities include: assessments of available biomass resources; surveys to determine what industries, businesses, institutions, and utility companies use wood and wood waste for fuel; and workshops, seminars, and demonstrations to provide technical assistance. In the Northeast, an estimated 6.2 million tons of wood are used in the commercial and industrial sector, where 12.5 million cords are used for residential heating annually. Of this useage, 1504.7 mw of power has been generated from biomass. The use of wood energy products has had substantial employment and income benefits in the region. Although wood and woodwaste have received primary emphasis in the regional program, the use of municipal solid waste has received increased emphasis as an energy source. The energy contribution of biomass will increase as potentia users become more familiar with existing feedstocks, technologies, and applications. The Northeast Regional Biomass Program is designed to support region-specific to overcome near-term barriers to biomass energy use.

  11. Thermally activated technologies: Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this Technology Roadmap is to outline a set of actions for government and industry to develop thermally activated technologies for converting America’s wasted heat resources into a reservoir of pollution-free energy for electric power, heating, cooling, refrigeration, and humidity control. Fuel flexibility is important. The actions also cover thermally activated technologies that use fossil fuels, biomass, and ultimately hydrogen, along with waste heat.

  12. Thermally activated technologies: Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2003-05-01

    The purpose of this Technology Roadmap is to outline a set of actions for government and industry to develop thermally activated technologies for converting America’s wasted heat resources into a reservoir of pollution-free energy for electric power, heating, cooling, refrigeration, and humidity control. Fuel flexibility is important. The actions also cover thermally activated technologies that use fossil fuels, biomass, and ultimately hydrogen, along with waste heat.

  13. Plastics Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Tommy G.

    This curriculum guide is designed to assist junior high schools industrial arts teachers in planning new courses and revising existing courses in plastics technology. Addressed in the individual units of the guide are the following topics: introduction to production technology; history and development of plastics; safety; youth leadership,…

  14. Lasers technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The Lasers Technology Program of IPEN is committed to the development of new lasers based on the research of optical materials and new technologies, as well to laser applications in several areas: Nuclear, Medicine, Dentistry, Industry, Environment and Advanced Research. The Program is basically divided into two main areas: Material and Laser Development and Laser Applications.

  15. Maritime Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Herman

    1997-01-01

    Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text.......Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text....

  16. Maritime Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Herman

    1997-01-01

    Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text.......Elementary introduction to the subject "Maritime Technology".The contents include drawings, sketches and references in English without any supplementary text....

  17. Technology Push

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Mike

    2008-01-01

    When students, teachers, administrators and others employed in education arrive at work every day on thousands of campuses across the nation, it should come as no surprise that at every step along the way, technology is there to greet them. Technological advancements in education, as well as in facilities operation and management, are not a…

  18. The Study on the Influence of Technology Market on Regional Innovation Capability%技术市场对区域创新能力的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志娟; 李建琴

    2015-01-01

    在界定技术市场和区域创新能力概念的基础上,深入分析技术市场对区域创新能力的影响机理,并构建计量模型,利用中国大陆30个省(区、市)2006-2010年的技术吸纳额和技术输出额的面板数据,就技术市场对区域创新能力的影响力和影响途径进行检验。研究结果表明,技术市场通过技术内生增长、技术扩散以及市场对资源配置的基础性作用等可以促进区域创新能力的提升;技术市场不管是技术引进还是技术输出,对区域创新能力都有积极影响,但技术输出的影响力相对较大。%This article summarizes the innovation capability,influential competence,and other factors for technology mar-ket.The paper established a theoretical prototype,which demonstrates the technology market’s influence on the innova-tion capabilities in its areas.With an all -rounded and systematic analysis,a computational prototype is created to further confirm the influential factors.The article’s conclusions include:technology market is driving the innovation capabilities;technology market,regardless of importing or exporting technologies,is proportional to the regional’s innovation capabili-ties,while exporting technology has a deeper influential ability.

  19. Sensemaking technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Charlotte Øland

    Research objective: The object of the LOK research project is to gain a better understanding of the technological strategic processes in organisations by using the concept/metaphor of sensemaking. The project will investigate the technological strategies in organisations in order to gain a deeper...... understanding of the cognitive competencies and barriers towards implementing new technology in organisations. The research will therefore concentrate on researching the development process in the organisation's perception of the external environmental elements of customers, suppliers, competitors, internal...... and external technology and legislation and the internal environmental elements of structure, power relations and political arenas. All of these variables have influence on which/how technologies are implemented thus creating different outcomes all depending on the social dynamics that are triggered by changes...

  20. Sensemaking technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Charlotte Øland

    Research objective: The object of the LOK research project is to gain a better understanding of the technological strategic processes in organisations by using the concept/metaphor of sensemaking. The project will investigate the technological strategies in organisations in order to gain a deeper...... understanding of the cognitive competencies and barriers towards implementing new technology in organisations. The research will therefore concentrate on researching the development process in the organisation's perception of the external environmental elements of customers, suppliers, competitors, internal...... and external technology and legislation and the internal environmental elements of structure, power relations and political arenas. All of these variables have influence on which/how technologies are implemented thus creating different outcomes all depending on the social dynamics that are triggered by changes...

  1. Technology collaboration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, Jacob [Halliburton (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The aim of this paper is to present Halliburton's Brazilian technology center. Halliburton has technology centers in the United States, Saudi Arabia, India, Singapore and Brazil, all of which aim at delivering accelerated innovation in the oil sector. The technology centers engage in research and development activities with the help of various universities and in collaboration with the customer or supplier. The Halliburton Brazil technology center provides its customers with timely research and development solutions for enhancing recovery and mitigating reservoir uncertainty; they are specialized in finding solutions for pre- and post-salt carbonate drilling and in the enhancement of production from mature fields. This presentation showcased the work carried out by the Halliburton Brazil technology center to help customers develop their deepwater field activities.

  2. Turbine imaging technology assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moursund, R. A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Carlson, T. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2004-12-01

    The goal of this project was to identify and evaluate imaging technologies for observing juvenile fish within a Kaplan turbine, and specifically that would enable scientists to determine mechanisms of fish injury within an operating turbine unit. This report documents the opportunities and constraints for observing juvenile fish at specific locations during turbine passage. These observations were used to make modifications to dam structures and operations to improve conditions for fish passage while maintaining or improving hydropower production. The physical and hydraulic environment that fish experience as they pass through the hydroelectric plants were studied and the regions with the greatest potential for injury were defined. Biological response data were also studied to determine the probable types of injuries sustained in the turbine intake and what types of injuries are detectable with imaging technologies. The study grouped injury-causing mechanisms into two categories: fluid (pressure/cavitation, shear, turbulence) and mechanical (strike/collision, grinding/pinching, scraping). The physical constraints of the environment, together with the likely types of injuries to fish, provided the parameters needed for a rigorous imaging technology evaluation. Types of technology evaluated included both tracking and imaging systems using acoustic technologies (such as sonar and acoustic tags) and optic technologies (such as pulsed-laser videography, which is high-speed videography using a laser as the flash). Criteria for determining image data quality such as frame rate, target detectability, and resolution were used to quantify the minimum requirements of an imaging sensor.

  3. Theoretical Construction and Empirical Test on Evaluation Index System of Regional SMEs' Technological Innovation Capability%区域中小企业技术创新能力评价指标体系的理论构造与实证检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢吉亮; 彭灿

    2012-01-01

    根据区域中小企业技术创新系统的运行模式,初步构造了区域中小企业技术创新能力的理论评价模型;利用我国长三角地区16个地级以上城市的中小企业技术创新能力的有关数据,运用隶属度分析、相关性分析和鉴别力分析三种定量方法对该理论模型进行实证检验,进而根据检验结果对该理论模型进行必要的修改与完善,最终形成具有较高信度和效度的区域中小企业技术创新能力评价指标体系。%According to the operating mode of regional SMEsr technology innovation system,this paper preliminary constructs the theoretical evaluation model of technological innovation capability of regional SMEs. And then it uses the data about the technological innovation capabilities of SMEs from 16 cities in the Yangtze River Delta to analyze and test empirically this theoretical evaluation model through the membership analysis, the correlation analysis and the discernment analysis. On this basis,it improves the evaluation index system of regional SMEs' technological innovation capability.

  4. Ergonomics technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, W. L.

    1977-01-01

    Major areas of research and development in ergonomics technology for space environments are discussed. Attention is given to possible applications of the technology developed by NASA in industrial settings. A group of mass spectrometers for gas analysis capable of fully automatic operation has been developed for atmosphere control on spacecraft; a version for industrial use has been constructed. Advances have been made in personal cooling technology, remote monitoring of medical information, and aerosol particle control. Experience gained by NASA during the design and development of portable life support units has recently been applied to improve breathing equipment used by fire fighters.

  5. Research on Obstacles and Breakthroughs of Regional Technology and Finance Integration---a case of Shanxi province%区域科技金融一体化障碍及其突破研究--以山西省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薄凡

    2015-01-01

    In the process of promoting industrialization and transformation of industrial structure upgrade , the region always ignore technology innovation and financial construction ,so that inter-constraint of tech-nology and finance hinders local economic transition and development .Shanxi is a resource -based prov-ince , improving regional innovation by technology finance is the key to promote economic development from a resource-driven to an innovation-driven approach .This paper takes Shanxi province as the typi-cal representative region ,analyzes obstacles of technology and finance integration ,then constructs the inte-gration mechanism which includes finance docking ,improving capital using and creating a benign environ-ment,thus promote technology innovation by finance innovation as a basis for realize regional industrial transformation .%区域在推进工业化进程、实现产业结构升级转化的过程中,往往忽视了科技创新和金融发展一体化,而科技和金融相互掣肘,会成为区域转型升级的制约因素。以科技金融一体化发展提高区域创新能力,进而带动产业结构升级和经济持续增长,是实现区域经济转型的重要途径。本文以山西为例,分析其区域科技金融一体化障碍因素,并从促进融资对接、改善资金利用和营造良性科技金融环境三方面,尝试构建科技金融一体化机制,以助其实现以金融创新促进科技创新、以科技创新助推区域转型。

  6. Technology Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA produces innovative technologies and facilitates their creation in line with the Agency mission to create products such as the stormwater calculator, remote sensing, innovation clusters, and low-cost air sensors.

  7. Banana technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Amstel, Willem D.; Schellekens, E. P. A.; Walravens, C.; Wijlaars, A. P. F.

    1999-09-01

    With 'Banana Technology' an unconventional hybrid fabrication technology is indicated for the production of very large parabolic and hyperbolic cylindrical mirror systems. The banana technology uses elastic bending of very large and thin glass substrates and fixation onto NC milled metal moulds. This technology has matured during the last twenty years for the manufacturing of large telecentric flat-bed scanners. Two construction types, called 'internal banana' and 'external banana; are presented. Optical figure quality requirements in terms of slope and curvature deviations are discussed. Measurements of these optical specifications by means of a 'finishing rod' type of scanning deflectometer or slope tester are presented. Design constraints for bending glass and the advantages of a new process will be discussed.

  8. Exploration technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roennevik, H.C. [Saga Petroleum A/S, Forus (Norway)

    1996-12-31

    The paper evaluates exploration technology. Topics discussed are: Visions; the subsurface challenge; the creative tension; the exploration process; seismic; geology; organic geochemistry; seismic resolution; integration; drilling; value creation. 4 refs., 22 figs.

  9. UPLIFTING TECHNOLOGY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thomas K Grose

    2015-01-01

      Inspired by Star Trek turbolifts, German engineering firm ThyssenKrupp says it's ready to replace cables and pulleys using maglev, or magnetic levitation technology, that enables the world's fastest...

  10. Videodisc technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marsh, F.E. Jr.

    1981-03-01

    An overview of the technology of videodiscs is given. The emphasis is on systems that use reflection or transmission of laser light. Possible use of videodiscs for storage of bibliographic information is considered. 6 figures, 3 tables. (RWR)

  11. Fabrication Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blaedel, K.L.

    1993-03-01

    The mission of the Fabrication Technology thrust area is to have an adequate base of manufacturing technology, not necessarily resident at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), to conduct the future business of LLNL. The specific goals continue to be to (1) develop an understanding of fundamental fabrication processes; (2) construct general purpose process models that will have wide applicability; (3) document findings and models in journals; (4) transfer technology to LLNL programs, industry, and colleagues; and (5) develop continuing relationships with the industrial and academic communities to advance the collective understanding of fabrication processes. The strategy to ensure success is changing. For technologies in which they are expert and which will continue to be of future importance to LLNL, they can often attract outside resources both to maintain their expertise by applying it to a specific problem and to help fund further development. A popular vehicle to fund such work is the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with industry. For technologies needing development because of their future critical importance and in which they are not expert, they use internal funding sources. These latter are the topics of the thrust area. Three FY-92 funded projects are discussed in this section. Each project clearly moves the Fabrication Technology thrust area towards the goals outlined above. They have also continued their membership in the North Carolina State University Precision Engineering Center, a multidisciplinary research and graduate program established to provide the new technologies needed by high-technology institutions in the US. As members, they have access to and use of the results of their research projects, many of which parallel the precision engineering efforts at LLNL.

  12. Cognitive technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Mello, Alan; Figueiredo, Fabrício; Figueiredo, Rafael

    2017-01-01

    This book focuses on the next generation optical networks as well as mobile communication technologies. The reader will find chapters on Cognitive Optical Network, 5G Cognitive Wireless, LTE, Data Analysis and Natural Language Processing. It also presents a comprehensive view of the enhancements and requirements foreseen for Machine Type Communication. Moreover, some data analysis techniques and Brazilian Portuguese natural language processing technologies are also described here. .

  13. Lasers technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Laser Technology Program of IPEN is developed by the Center for Lasers and Applications (CLA) and is committed to the development of new lasers based on the research of new optical materials and new resonator technologies. Laser applications and research occur within several areas such as Nuclear, Medicine, Dentistry, Industry, Environment and Advanced Research. Additional goals of the Program are human resource development and innovation, in association with Brazilian Universities and commercial partners.

  14. Fabrication Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blaedel, K.L.

    1993-03-01

    The mission of the Fabrication Technology thrust area is to have an adequate base of manufacturing technology, not necessarily resident at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), to conduct the future business of LLNL. The specific goals continue to be to (1) develop an understanding of fundamental fabrication processes; (2) construct general purpose process models that will have wide applicability; (3) document findings and models in journals; (4) transfer technology to LLNL programs, industry, and colleagues; and (5) develop continuing relationships with the industrial and academic communities to advance the collective understanding of fabrication processes. The strategy to ensure success is changing. For technologies in which they are expert and which will continue to be of future importance to LLNL, they can often attract outside resources both to maintain their expertise by applying it to a specific problem and to help fund further development. A popular vehicle to fund such work is the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with industry. For technologies needing development because of their future critical importance and in which they are not expert, they use internal funding sources. These latter are the topics of the thrust area. Three FY-92 funded projects are discussed in this section. Each project clearly moves the Fabrication Technology thrust area towards the goals outlined above. They have also continued their membership in the North Carolina State University Precision Engineering Center, a multidisciplinary research and graduate program established to provide the new technologies needed by high-technology institutions in the US. As members, they have access to and use of the results of their research projects, many of which parallel the precision engineering efforts at LLNL.

  15. Appalachian clean coal technology consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kutz, K.; Yoon, Roe-Hoan [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)

    1995-11-01

    The Appalachian Clean Coal Technology Consortium (ACCTC) has been established to help U.S. coal producers, particularly those in the Appalachian region, increase the production of lower-sulfur coal. The cooperative research conducted as part of the consortium activities will help utilities meet the emissions standards established by the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, enhance the competitiveness of U.S. coals in the world market, create jobs in economically-depressed coal producing regions, and reduce U.S. dependence on foreign energy supplies. The research activities will be conducted in cooperation with coal companies, equipment manufacturers, and A&E firms working in the Appalachian coal fields. This approach is consistent with President Clinton`s initiative in establishing Regional Technology Alliances to meet regional needs through technology development in cooperation with industry. The consortium activities are complementary to the High-Efficiency Preparation program of the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, but are broader in scope as they are inclusive of technology developments for both near-term and long-term applications, technology transfer, and training a highly-skilled work force.

  16. Strategic Research on the Technology Innovation of Regional Industrial Enterprises Under the New Economic Norm-Taking Hebei Province as an Example%经济新常态下区域工业企业技术创新驱动战略研究--以河北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷阿娜; 王厚双

    2015-01-01

    Taking Hebei province as an example, this paper used DEA method to carry on the empirical research on the performance of technological innovation of industrial enterprise from regional, industry and enterprise type three aspects, and analyzed the driving force factors of technological innovation of industrial enterprises of Hebei Prov -ince.It finally puts forward some technological innovation driven strategy for the regional industrial enterprises :building"industry-university-institute, finance, Intermediary, government"collaborative innovation mode;cultiva-ting the investment growth mechanism for technology innovation of oriented industry ;building industrial Internet in technology innovation, to dig and expand existing competitive advantage ; guiding and creating market demand a good driving force of enterprise technology innovation and development; implement the strategy on talent structure diversification;strengthening technology innovation based on the rule of institutional guarantee.%以河北省为例,运用DEA方法对河北省工业企业技术创新绩效进行分区域、分行业以及分企业类型三方面的实证研究,并进一步分析了河北省工业企业技术创新驱动力因素,提出了区域工业企业技术创新驱动战略:构建“产学研、金、介、政”六位一体的协同创新模式;培育以产业为导向的技术创新投入增长机制;打造工业互联网常态技术创新、深挖和拓展原有竞争优势;引导和创造市场需求拉动企业技术创新发展的良性驱动力;实施人才结构多元化战略;强化以法治为基础的技术创新制度保障。

  17. THE FOREIGN FACTOR WITHIN THE TRIPLE HELIX MODEL: INTERACTIONS OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE REGION: THE CASE OF THE ELECTRONICS CLUSTER IN GUADALAJARA, JALISCO, MÉXICO.

    OpenAIRE

    María Isabel Rivera Vargas

    2006-01-01

    Within the context of global production the interactions among endogenous and foreign firms and their respective innovation systems, as well as strategic governmental policies favouring the exchange, may give rise to either virtuous or vicious circles of development through technological spillovers (Cantwell 1989, 1995a; Perez 1998), therefore, the foreign factor should be considered an important component within the triple helix paradigm in developing countries. This paper argues that in dev...

  18. Technology and technology transfer: some basic issues

    OpenAIRE

    Shamsavari, Ali; Adikibi, Owen; Taha, Yasser

    2002-01-01

    This paper addresses various issues relating to technology and transfer of technology such as technology and society, technology and science, channels and models of technology transfer, the role of multinational companies in transfer of technology, etc. The ultimate objective is to pose the question of relevance of some existing models and ideas like technological independence in an increasingly globalised world economy.

  19. 中国省际CO2排放与科技创新的研究%Research on CO2 Emission and Technological Innovation in Chinese Provincial Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝亚杰; 薛坤

    2016-01-01

    CO2 emission is more and more conspicuous, and science and technology innovation can solve the problem of CO2 emissions. In this paper, the articles about CO2 emission and the impact of technological innovation on CO2 emission are re-viewed. It provides an important enlightenment that we can study CO2 emission, while studying the relationship between CO2 shadow prices and technological innovation.%CO2排放问题越来越引人注目,而科技创新可以解决CO2排放问题。笔者通过对研究CO2排放问题以及科技创新对CO2排放影响的文献进行整理分析,从而从这些文章中寻找启发,为进一步研究奠定基础。分析发现:可以在全面研究CO2排放情况的同时,研究CO2影子价格与科技创新的关系。

  20. Regional odontodysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thimma Reddy B

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Regional odontodysplasia (ROD is a rare developmental anomaly involving both mesodermal and ectodermal components in a group of contiguous teeth. It affects the primary and permanent dentitions in the maxilla and the mandible or both, however, the maxilla is frequently involved. Although the etiology of the ROD is uncertain, it has been suggested that numerous other factors play a role. The treatment plan should be based on the degree of involvement as well as the functional and esthetic needs in each case. This article reports the case of a 5-year-old boy presenting a rare anomaly on the right side of the maxillary arch. The treatment performed was rehabilitation with temporary partial acrylic denture and periodic checkups. The extraction was followed by rehabilitation with dental implants. The main aim of this article is to provide valuable information to pediatric dentists about the review and treatment alternatives for ROD.

  1. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field/ R and D on the technology to create new organic electroluminescence devices (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / shin`yuki electroluminescence device no sosei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper develops the R and D having as core creative technical seeds on the design principle of organic electroluminescence (EL) devices, aims at producing as products a polychrome display and a new energy saving type light source, develops new high efficient luminescent materials which support the production of products with high liability, and develops protective coats universally applicable to optical and electronic devices and sealing technology. In fiscal 1997, the following are commenced: 1) development of luminescent devices, 2) development of new luminescent agents, and 3) development of the mounting technology. In 1), the following are conducted: R and D for improvement of durability of EL devices, development of the process technology for polychroism, multi-coloring, and development of the large picture thin film formation technology. For the development of energy saving type high efficiency light source devices, a method is established for producing organic layers by a new wet coating method. In 3), the R and D are carried out of a method to form inorganic protective coats at low temperature and a method to highly evaluate structural defects in the protective coat. For the sealing of devices, low melting point glass and the forming technology are developed. 41 refs., 112 figs., 19 tabs.

  2. Technology cycles and technology revolutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paganetto, Luigi; Scandizzo, Pasquale Lucio

    2010-09-15

    Technological cycles have been characterized as the basis of long and continuous periods economic growth through sustained changes in total factor productivity. While this hypothesis is in part consistent with several theories of growth, the sheer magnitude and length of the economic revolutions experienced by humankind seems to indicate surmise that more attention should be given to the origin of major technological and economic changes, with reference to one crucial question: role of production and use of energy in economic development.

  3. Fiscal 1998 regional consortium R and D project (Regional consortium field). Report on R and D of production technology of hybrid-type biocompatible hard tissue replacing materials (1st fiscal year); 1998 nendo chiiki konsoshiamu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki konsoshiamu bun'ya (hybrid gata seitai yugo kinosei kososhiki daitai sozai seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This project aims at development of high-strength high- biocompatible {beta}-type Ti alloy with lower modulli of elasticity composed of non-toxic elements, phosphate calcium ceramics for improving the biocompatibility and coating technology, and establishment of production technology of hybrid-type biocompatible hard tissue replacing materials. In fiscal 1998, the project promoted the following: Design of high-biocompatible {beta}-type Ti alloy materials, development of thermomechanical treatment for improving dynamic characteristics of such alloy, survey on practical melting and casting technologies and dental precision casting process, evaluation of the biocompatibility of the alloy by cytotoxicity, selection of tools for precision machining and surface finishing, control of contents, orientation and precipitation of biocompatible crystals such as {beta}- Ca(PO{sub 3}){sub 2} fibers for further improvement of the biocompatibility. This paper also outlines the survey results on the market needs, market size and market share for the feasibility of these materials. (NEDO)

  4. Development of Imbalanced Trade, Technological Progress and Wage Gap:An Empirical Study based on China′s Regional Panel Data%非均衡贸易发展、技术进步与工资差距--基于中国地区面板数据的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春艳

    2014-01-01

    Theoretically , technical progress is parallel with trade openness in affecting the wage gap .Based on this , this paper builds econometric model to explore the relationship between imbalanced trade developments , technological pro-gress and regional wage gap .The results show that the China′s regional development of unbalanced trade , especially for-eign direct investment , is the dominant factor , and skill-biased technological progress is not prominent .So guiding the technological advances tend to the high -skilled labor to improve the technological content of trade products , will be the fundamental path for upgrading trade structure and reducing wage gap .%理论上,技术进步可以是一个和贸易开放并行影响工资差距的重要因素。本文构建计量模型探讨中国非均衡贸易发展、技术进步与地区间工资差距之间的关系,结果表明中国地区间非均衡发展的对外贸易(尤其是外商直接投资)是造成地区间工资差距扩大的主导因素,而技能偏向型技术进步机制并不凸显。引导技术进步偏向于高技能劳动,提高贸易产品的技术含量,将成为贸易结构升级以及缩小工资差距的根本路径。

  5. Emerging Technologies: Net Zero Technology R&D

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    not currently allowed in this region BUILDING STRONG® RDTE 6.2 – NetZero Model  Comprehensive model of installation utility systems...US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG® Emerging Technologies: Net Zero Technology R&D 23-May-2012 Report Documentation Page Form...unclassified b. ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 BUILDING STRONG

  6. Knowledge Technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Milton, Nick

    2008-01-01

    Several technologies are emerging that provide new ways to capture, store, present and use knowledge. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive introduction to five of the most important of these technologies: Knowledge Engineering, Knowledge Based Engineering, Knowledge Webs, Ontologies and Semantic Webs. For each of these, answers are given to a number of key questions (What is it? How does it operate? How is a system developed? What can it be used for? What tools are available? What are the main issues?). The book is aimed at students, researchers and practitioners interested in Knowledge Management, Artificial Intelligence, Design Engineering and Web Technologies. During the 1990s, Nick worked at the University of Nottingham on the application of AI techniques to knowledge management and on various knowledge acquisition projects to develop expert systems for military applications. In 1999, he joined Epistemics where he worked on numerous knowledge projects and helped establish knowledge management...

  7. Persuasive Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2010, held in Copenhagen Denmark in June 2010. The 25 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 80 submissions. In addition three keynote papers are included in this vol......This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2010, held in Copenhagen Denmark in June 2010. The 25 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 80 submissions. In addition three keynote papers are included...... in this volume. The topics covered are emotions and user experience, ambient persuasive systems, persuasive design, persuasion profiles, designing for health, psychology of persuasion, embodied and conversational agents, economic incentives, and future directions for persuasive technology....

  8. Seafood Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børresen, Torger

    This presentation will fill the total picture of this conference between fisheries and aquaculture, blue biotech and bioconservation, by considering the optimal processing technology of marine resources from the raw material until the seafood reaches the plate of the consumer. The situation today...... must be performed such that total traceability and authenticity of the final products can be presented on demand. The most important aspects to be considered within seafood technology today are safety, healthy products and high eating quality. Safety can be divided into microbiological safety...... and not presenting any safety risk per se. Seafood is healthy due to the omega-3 fatty acids and the nutritional value of vitamins, peptides and proteins. The processing technology must however be performed such that these valuable features are not lost during production. The same applies to the eating quality. Any...

  9. Persuasive Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2010, held in Copenhagen Denmark in June 2010. The 25 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 80 submissions. In addition three keynote papers are included in this vol......This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2010, held in Copenhagen Denmark in June 2010. The 25 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 80 submissions. In addition three keynote papers are included...... in this volume. The topics covered are emotions and user experience, ambient persuasive systems, persuasive design, persuasion profiles, designing for health, psychology of persuasion, embodied and conversational agents, economic incentives, and future directions for persuasive technology....

  10. Research on Cultivation Technology and Market Development of Ocimum basilicum in Heilongjiang Region%罗勒在黑龙江地区的栽培技术及市场开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琳

    2015-01-01

    The morphological characteristics of basil ,ecological habits and cultivating breeding technology of Ocimum basilicum were briefly summarized in Heilongjiang province ,the management of the field work and the application of the Ocimum basilicum in market development were overviewed .%简要概括了罗勒的形态特征 ,生态习性 ,在黑龙江地区的培育繁殖技术 ,田间的管理工作以及罗勒在市场开发中的应用.

  11. Technology Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Nanette R.

    1995-01-01

    The objective of this summer's work was to attempt to enhance Technology Application Group (TAG) ability to measure the outcomes of its efforts to transfer NASA technology. By reviewing existing literature, by explaining the economic principles involved in evaluating the economic impact of technology transfer, and by investigating the LaRC processes our William & Mary team has been able to lead this important discussion. In reviewing the existing literature, we identified many of the metrics that are currently being used in the area of technology transfer. Learning about the LaRC technology transfer processes and the metrics currently used to track the transfer process enabled us to compare other R&D facilities to LaRC. We discuss and diagram impacts of technology transfer in the short run and the long run. Significantly, it serves as the basis for analysis and provides guidance in thinking about what the measurement objectives ought to be. By focusing on the SBIR Program, valuable information regarding the strengths and weaknesses of this LaRC program are to be gained. A survey was developed to ask probing questions regarding SBIR contractors' experience with the program. Specifically we are interested in finding out whether the SBIR Program is accomplishing its mission, if the SBIR companies are providing the needed innovations specified by NASA and to what extent those innovations have led to commercial success. We also developed a survey to ask COTR's, who are NASA employees acting as technical advisors to the SBIR contractors, the same type of questions, evaluating the successes and problems with the SBIR Program as they see it. This survey was developed to be implemented interactively on computer. It is our hope that the statistical and econometric studies that can be done on the data collected from all of these sources will provide insight regarding the direction to take in developing systematic evaluations of programs like the SBIR Program so that they can

  12. Soulful Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fausing, Bent

    2010-01-01

    Samsung introduced in 2008 a mobile phone called "Soul" made with a human touch and including itself a "magic touch". Through the analysis of a Nokia mobile phone TV-commercials I want to examine the function and form of digital technology in everyday images. The mobile phone and its digital came...... commercials and internet commercials for mobile phones from Nokia, or handheld computers, as Sony-Ericsson prefers to call them. Digital technology points towards a forgotten pre-human and not only post-human condition....

  13. Playful Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Stine Liv; Eriksson, Eva

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the design of future services for children in Danish public libraries is discussed, in the light of new challenges and opportunities in relation to new media and technologies. The Danish government has over the last few years initiated and described a range of initiatives regarding...... in the library, the changing role of the librarians and the library space. We argue that intertwining traditional library services with new media forms and engaging play is the core challenge for future design in physical public libraries, but also that it is through new media and technology that new...

  14. Playful Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Stine Liv; Eriksson, Eva

    2013-01-01

    in the library, the changing role of the librarians and the library space. We argue that intertwining traditional library services with new media forms and engaging play is the core challenge for future design in physical public libraries, but also that it is through new media and technology that new......In this paper, the design of future services for children in Danish public libraries is discussed, in the light of new challenges and opportunities in relation to new media and technologies. The Danish government has over the last few years initiated and described a range of initiatives regarding...

  15. Architectural technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2005-01-01

    The booklet offers an overall introduction to the Institute of Architectural Technology and its projects and activities, and an invitation to the reader to contact the institute or the individual researcher for further information. The research, which takes place at the Institute of Architectural...... Technology at the Roayl Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture, reflects a spread between strategic, goal-oriented pilot projects, commissioned by a ministry, a fund or a private company, and on the other hand projects which originate from strong personal interests and enthusiasm of individual...

  16. Application of solar technology in design of office buildings of cold regions%严寒地区办公建筑太阳能技术应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晖

    2012-01-01

    以公共建筑类型中具有代表性的办公建筑为研究对象,采用计算机模拟设计系统及数学理论分析的方法,总结出办公建筑体型设计与太阳辐射间的线性关系,确定了建筑体型系数为办公建筑太阳能技术应用的设计依据.%The cold application of solar energy technology in the office building is a feasible solution to make 75% building energy efficiency,this study based on the office building adopt computer simulation design and mathematical theory analysis, which summarize the linear relationship between the office building shape design and solar radiation, therefore, it determine building shape coefficient to design basis for the application of solar energy technology in the office building.

  17. 人工湿地污水处理技术在氯碱循环经济园区建设中的应用%Application of artificial wetlands wastewater treatment technology in Chlor-alkali circular economy region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐琳

    2011-01-01

    通过对中泰化学阜康工业园污水污染负荷的分析及人工湿地处理与活性污泥法处理技术的比较,建议应用人工湿地处理污水技术就近处理厂前区生活废水。就潜流湿地系统设计参数的计算方法、湿地选址、填料的应用、水生植物的栽种、景观设计等应用问题提出建议。%Fukang,through China and Thailand chemical industrial park wastewater pollution load analysis,artificial wetland treatment and comparison of activated sludge treatment technology,recommends that the application of artificial wetland wastewater treatment technology wastewater treatment plant nearby area before life and determine the calculation method of design parameters of subsurface flow constructed wetland system,wetland site,packing,planting of aquatic plants,landscape design and application of field application issues,such as recommendations.

  18. 基于 SW 模型测度的区域科技创新景气指数构建研究--以深圳南山区科技创新统计改革后的季度数据为例%Research on Regional Technology Innovation Climate Index Based on SW Index Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武; 王悦; 申远

    2015-01-01

    Currently,the measure on the state of regional technological innovation is mainly based on the ability and per-formance of innovation,using annual data.These index indicators are lack of timing with the problem of dynamic timeli-ness.This paper builds the scientific and technological innovation climate index with SW model based on innovation cycle theory from the perspective of the state of the economy.These index are based on the quarterly data of Shenzhen Nanshan district after the reform of science and technology statistical indicators.Results have shown that technological innovation cli-mate index based on SW model can reflect technological innovation status timely and dynamically.%目前对区域科技创新状态的测度主要是基于创新能力和创新绩效,测度的周期以年度数据为主,由此构建的科技创新指数缺乏动态性与时效性,而且指标之间缺乏时序性。基于创新周期理论,从景气状态的视角出发,以经过科技创新统计指标改革后的深圳市南山区的季度周期数据为基础,应用 SW 模型构建了一套反映区域科技创新状态的景气指数。研究表明,应用 SW 模型构造的区域科技创新景气指数具有动态、时效地反映不同区域科技创新景气状态的功能。

  19. ODI对我国技术创新能力的影响--全国及区域层面的面板数据分析%Impacts of ODI on China’s Technology Innovation Ability---Based on the National and Regional Panel Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建军; 黄飞霞; 仇怡

    2015-01-01

    作为国际技术扩散的有益载体,对外直接投资已成为提升母国技术创新能力的重要途径。文章运用2003—2012年我国30个省(直辖市、自治区)的面板数据,检验ODI对我国技术创新能力的影响。研究结果表明:ODI对我国高、中、低创新能力地区的技术创新能力存在明显的提升作用,且影响程度逐渐减小,而FDI对我国区域技术创新能力的影响存在明显差异;研发资本存量对我国创新能力有显的提升作用,且大于FDI和ODI对技术创新能力的影响。%As a useful carrier of international technological diffusion,outward direct investment has become an important way to enhance the technological innovation capability of the mother country. Using provincial panel data from 2003 to 2012 in China,this paper examines the effects of ODI on China's technology in-novation ability. The empirical results show that ODI has a significant promotion effect on all areas with high,medium or low innovation ability,but the influence degree decreases gradually. And FDI has a dif-ferent effect on China’s regional technology innovation ability. The effect of R&D capital stock on China's technology innovation ability is significant,and goes further than the effect of FDI and ODI.

  20. Study on Environmental Regulation and Technological Innovation in West Region---From the Perspective of Environmental Regulation Tools%西部地区环境规制与技术创新--基于环境规制工具视角的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小宁; 周晓唯

    2014-01-01

    Destruction and deterioration of the environment has became the biggest challenge in the western region. Based on the relationship of environmental regulation and technology innovation , the paper uses Western Region provincial panel data from 1999 to 2012 to make empirical study of the relation between environmental regulation and technological innovation from the perspective of environmental regulation tools. The results show that: command-control regulation and marked-incentive regulation both obviously accelerate technological innovation, and the effect of command-control regulation was better than that of marked-incentive regulation, recessive environmental regulation causes adverse effects on the technological innovation and technology innovation investment obviously accelerate technological innovation. Therefore , the western region in future should improve command-control regulation policies; speed up the construction of market process in western China, to create a good environment for the effective implementation of the marked-incentive regulation; Raise the public's environmental awareness, to play the role of the recessive environmental regulation; Continue to increase investment in technology innovation, in order to fully stimulate the induced effect of environmental regulation on technology innovation , to promote the coordinated development of environmental and economic in western China.%西部地区在西部大开发过程中面临的最大挑战莫过于环境的破坏和恶化。文章立足于环境规制与技术创新的关系,利用1999-2012年我国西部地区11个省、自治区、直辖市的数据,基于命令控制型、市场激励型、隐性环境规制工具等视角实证分析了不同环境规制工具对西部地区技术创新能力的影响。实证结果显示,命令控制型、市场激励型环境规制工具对西部地区技术创新具有显著的正向影响,命令控制型环境规制工具对技术创新的促

  1. Manufacturing technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    The Manufacturing Technologies Center is an integral part of Sandia National Laboratories, a multiprogram engineering and science laboratory, operated for the Department of Energy (DOE) with major facilities at Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California. Our Center is at the core of Sandia`s Advanced Manufacturing effort which spans the entire product realization process.

  2. Blast Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    Team Leader Risa Scherer Blast Mitigation Interior and Laboratory Team Leader Blast Technologies POC’s Government Point Of Contacts (POCs): To...to yield injury assessments at higher fidelities and with higher confidence UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Risa Scherer Blast Mitigation Interior and

  3. Energy Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, William W.

    Reviewed are technological problems faced in energy production including locating, recovering, developing, storing, and distributing energy in clean, convenient, economical, and environmentally satisfactory manners. The energy resources of coal, oil, natural gas, hydroelectric power, nuclear energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, winds, tides,…

  4. Strategic Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-11

    the spectrum of future conflict and engagement. Technology Surprise Francis Fukuyama , in his introduction to the book Blindside, summarizes recent...atrocities or large-scale natural disasters abroad 12 Francis Fukuyama , ed, Blindside (Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institute Press, 2007), 1. 13 Defense

  5. (Environmental technology)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boston, H.L.

    1990-10-12

    The traveler participated in a conference on environmental technology in Paris, sponsored by the US Embassy-Paris, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the French Environmental Ministry, and others. The traveler sat on a panel for environmental aspects of energy technology and made a presentation on the potential contributions of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to a planned French-American Environmental Technologies Institute in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Evry, France. This institute would provide opportunities for international cooperation on environmental issues and technology transfer related to environmental protection, monitoring, and restoration at US Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The traveler also attended the Fourth International Conference on Environmental Contamination in Barcelona. Conference topics included environmental chemistry, land disposal of wastes, treatment of toxic wastes, micropollutants, trace organics, artificial radionuclides in the environment, and the use biomonitoring and biosystems for environmental assessment. The traveler presented a paper on The Fate of Radionuclides in Sewage Sludge Applied to Land.'' Those findings corresponded well with results from studies addressing the fate of fallout radionuclides from the Chernobyl nuclear accident. There was an exchange of new information on a number of topics of interest to DOE waste management and environmental restoration needs.

  6. GIG Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-08

    caching • GIG as a sensor • Cyber SA/defense • Cross Domain Information Sharing • Multi-Level Security solutions • Enterprise Service Bus ( ESB ...Link Layer Technologies Integrated Link Layer All Optical Core For Terrestrial and Space Networks Separate Transmission Networks Mid-Term Integrated

  7. Geospatial Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Philip A.; Ritz, John

    2004-01-01

    Geospatial technology refers to a system that is used to acquire, store, analyze, and output data in two or three dimensions. This data is referenced to the earth by some type of coordinate system, such as a map projection. Geospatial systems include thematic mapping, the Global Positioning System (GPS), remote sensing (RS), telemetry, and…

  8. Sport Technology

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kirkbride, T

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available in design and manufacturing to virtual reality. There are carbon fiber materials used and in performance analysis that use video base technology. In the 1999 cricket World Cup, small earphones were used for Hansie to communicate with the coach and were later...

  9. Vacuum Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biltoft, P J

    2004-10-15

    The environmental condition called vacuum is created any time the pressure of a gas is reduced compared to atmospheric pressure. On earth we typically create a vacuum by connecting a pump capable of moving gas to a relatively leak free vessel. Through operation of the gas pump the number of gas molecules per unit volume is decreased within the vessel. As soon as one creates a vacuum natural forces (in this case entropy) work to restore equilibrium pressure; the practical effect of this is that gas molecules attempt to enter the evacuated space by any means possible. It is useful to think of vacuum in terms of a gas at a pressure below atmospheric pressure. In even the best vacuum vessels ever created there are approximately 3,500,000 molecules of gas per cubic meter of volume remaining inside the vessel. The lowest pressure environment known is in interstellar space where there are approximately four molecules of gas per cubic meter. Researchers are currently developing vacuum technology components (pumps, gauges, valves, etc.) using micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) technology. Miniature vacuum components and systems will open the possibility for significant savings in energy cost and will open the doors to advances in electronics, manufacturing and semiconductor fabrication. In conclusion, an understanding of the basic principles of vacuum technology as presented in this summary is essential for the successful execution of all projects that involve vacuum technology. Using the principles described above, a practitioner of vacuum technology can design a vacuum system that will achieve the project requirements.

  10. 广东高校服务珠三角地区产业发展科技资源浅析%Analysis on Science and Technology Resources of Service Industry Development in Guangdong University in Pearl River Delta Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅铭; 杨军; 肖向晨; 蒋兴华; 陈华志

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire survey in the universities which have key discipline, and the the six major industrial development of Pearl River Delta such as human resources, innovation platform, scientific research investment, achievements of science and technology resources etc, the article preliminarily analyzes the ability and insufficiency in Guangdong university service industry in Pearl River Delta in order to provide reference in Guangdong university for local industry development.%通过对广东省重点学科所在高校进行问卷调查,针对珠三角六大产业发展的人力资源、创新平台、科研投入、成果等科技资源,初步分析广东高校服务珠三角产业的能力,为更好地促进地方产业发展提供参考.

  11. Regional Renewable Energy Cooperatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazendonk, P.; Brown, M. B.; Byrne, J. M.; Harrison, T.; Mueller, R.; Peacock, K.; Usher, J.; Yalamova, R.; Kroebel, R.; Larsen, J.; McNaughton, R.

    2014-12-01

    We are building a multidisciplinary research program linking researchers in agriculture, business, earth science, engineering, humanities and social science. Our goal is to match renewable energy supply and reformed energy demands. The program will be focused on (i) understanding and modifying energy demand, (ii) design and implementation of diverse renewable energy networks. Geomatics technology will be used to map existing energy and waste flows on a neighbourhood, municipal, and regional level. Optimal sites and combinations of sites for solar and wind electrical generation (ridges, rooftops, valley walls) will be identified. Geomatics based site and grid analyses will identify best locations for energy production based on efficient production and connectivity to regional grids and transportation. Design of networks for utilization of waste streams of heat, water, animal and human waste for energy production will be investigated. Agriculture, cities and industry produce many waste streams that are not well utilized. Therefore, establishing a renewable energy resource mapping and planning program for electrical generation, waste heat and energy recovery, biomass collection, and biochar, biodiesel and syngas production is critical to regional energy optimization. Electrical storage and demand management are two priorities that will be investigated. Regional scale cooperatives may use electric vehicle batteries and innovations such as pump storage and concentrated solar molten salt heat storage for steam turbine electrical generation. Energy demand management is poorly explored in Canada and elsewhere - our homes and businesses operate on an unrestricted demand. Simple monitoring and energy demand-ranking software can easily reduce peaks demands and move lower ranked uses to non-peak periods, thereby reducing the grid size needed to meet peak demands. Peak demand strains the current energy grid capacity and often requires demand balancing projects and

  12. 我国省域高技术产业科技活动相对有效性评价——基于DEA模型%Factor Analysis and Cluster Analysis on Technological Innovation Capabilities of SMEs in Yangtze River Delta Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴万亮

    2012-01-01

    利用DEA模型分析了2009年我国31个省(自治区、直辖市)高技术产业科技活动的相对有效性。结果显示:整体来看,我国高技术产业科技活动存在综合效率偏低、技术效率不高、盲目扩大再生产等问题。从提高技术效率、集约生产规模、建立合理的评价体系等方面提出了对策与建议。%This paper briefly introduces the evaluation index system of technological innovation capabilities of SMEs. And then using this evaluation index system and the method of factor analysis and cluster analysis,it quantitatively evaluates and horizontally compares the technological innovation capabilities of SMEs of 16 cities in Yangtze River Delta region,and reveals the spatial distribution and geographical features of tech- nological innovation capabilities of SMEs in Yangtze River Delta region.

  13. Technology Programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batistoni, Paola; De Marco, Francesco; Pieroni, Leonardo (ed.)

    2005-07-01

    The technology activities carried out by the Euratom-ENEA Association in the framework of the European Fusion Development Agreement concern the Next Step (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor - ITER), the Long-Term Programme (breeder blanket, materials, International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility - IFMIF), Power Plant Conceptual Studies and Socio-Economic Studies. The Underlying Technology Programme was set up to complement the fusion activities as well to develop technologies with a wider range of interest. The Technology Programme mainly involves staff from the Frascati laboratories of the Fusion Technical and Scientific Unit and from the Brasimone laboratories of the Advanced Physics Technologies Unit. Other ENEA units also provide valuable contributions to the programme. ENEA is heavily engaged in component development/testing and in design and safety activities for the European Fusion Technology Programme. Although the work documented in the following covers a large range of topics that differ considerably because they concern the development of extremely complex systems, the high level of integration and coordination ensures the capability to cover the fusion system as a whole. In 2004 the most significant testing activities concerned the ITER primary beryllium-coated first wall. In the field of high-heat-flux components, an important achievement was the qualification of the process for depositing a copper liner on carbon fibre composite (CFC) hollow tiles. This new process, pre-brazed casting (PBC), allows the hot radial pressing (HRP) joining procedure to be used also for CFC-based armour monoblock divertor components. The PBC and HRP processes are candidates for the construction of the ITER divertor. In the materials field an important milestone was the commissioning of a new facility for chemical vapour infiltration/deposition, used for optimising silicon carbide composite (SiCf/SiC) components. Eight patents were deposited during 2004

  14. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional new technology creation R and D. First year report. R and D of medicine toxicity assessment use hepatocyte chip; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu / chiiki shingijutsu soshutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Dokubutsu dokusei hyokayo kansaibo chip no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Judging that in the beginning of the toxicity test, the necessary information/knowledge are acquired not by using animal itself but only by using liver system (hepatocyte), the development was proceeded with of the hepatocyte chip substituting for the animal experiment. Studies were made in the following five fields: 1) design of functional matrices; 2) development of the pharmacological assessment technology; 3) development of cell sensing technology/biosensor fabrication; 4) study of a possibility and the limit of cell patterning technology; 5) survey of the market scale. In 1), studies were made of the establishment of the 3D culture method for hepatocyte and the construction of hepatocyte models for medicine assessment using pieces of liver. In the latter, by including capsule using the sugar introduced with galactose residue which is special sugar of hepatocyte to alginic acid and chitosan which are natural polymer and also hepatocyte isolated into sponge, aggregate was formed, and its use as a medicine assessment use liver model was tried to be made. (NEDO)

  15. Low water FGD technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-15

    Conventional flue gas desulphurisation (FGD) systems require large supplies of water. Technologies which reduce water usage are becoming more important with the large number of FGD systems being installed in response to ever tightening emission regulations. Reducing water loss is particularly important in arid regions of the world. This report reviews commercial and near commercial low water FGD processes for coal-fired power plants, including dry, semi-dry and multi-pollutant technologies. Wet scrubbers, the most widely deployed FGD technology, account for around 10–15% of the water losses in power plants with water cooling systems. This figure is considerably higher when dry/air cooling systems are employed. The evaporative water losses can be reduced by some 40–50% when the flue gas is cooled before it enters the wet scrubber, a common practice in Europe and Japan. Technologies are under development to capture over 20% of the water in the flue gas exiting the wet scrubber, enabling the power plant to become a water supplier instead of a consumer. The semi-dry spray dry scrubbers and circulating dry scrubbers consume some 60% less water than conventional wet scrubbers. The commercial dry sorbent injection processes have the lowest water consumption, consuming no water, or a minimal amount if the sorbent needs hydrating or the flue gas is humidified to improve performance. Commercial multi-pollutant systems are available that consume no water.

  16. Technological characterization of new clay deposits in the south region of Amapa, Brazil aiming applications in the ceramic industry; Caracterizacao tecnologica de novos depositos de argilas da regiao sul do Amapa visando aplicacoes na industriav ceramica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Adriano Lima da; Luna, Carlos Bruno Barreto; Chaves, Alexsandra Cristina; Neves, Gelmires de Araujo, E-mail: adrianolimadasilva@hotmail.com, E-mail: brunobarretodemaufcg@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UAEMa/CCT/UFCG), PB (Brazil). Unidade Academica de Engenharia de Materiais

    2017-01-15

    The objective of the present work was to characterize two new Clay deposits (A and B) from the south region of Amapa state, aiming to establish their adequate uses as ceramic raw materials and to promote the potential of the ceramic industry in the region. Were prepared specimens by uniaxial pressing, being applied a two phase pressing of 13,4 MPa and 20 MPa, respectively. The samples were dried in an oven at 110 deg C, and submitted to burning at 850, 1000 and 1200 deg C. Were determined linear firing shrinkage, water absorption, apparent porosity and modulus of flexural modulus of rupture, as well as mineralogical evolution after burning. Finishing, the microstructure of the sintered clay at 1200 deg C was evaluated in a scanning electron microscope. The results showed that the clay A presented a better mechanical development, having a red coloration and, therefore, potential to the red ceramic industry. On the other hand, the clay B presented a light color, due to a low content of iron oxide and, therefore, having potential as refractory raw material. In general, one clay is suitable to be used in white ceramic and the other in red ceramic. (author)

  17. [Cultural regionalization for Notopterygium incisum based on 3S technology platform. I. Evaluation for growth suitability for N. incisum based on ecological factors analysis by Maxent and ArcGIS model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hong-bing; Sun, Hui; Jiang, Shun-yuan; Zhou, Yi; Cao, Wen-long; Ji, Ming-chang; Zhy, Wen-tao; Yan, Han-jing

    2015-03-01

    Growth suitability as assessment indicators for medicinal plants cultivation was proposed based on chemical quality determination and ecological factors analysis by Maxent and ArcGIS model. Notopterygium incisum, an endangered Chinese medicinal plant, was analyzed as a case, its potential distribution areas at different suitability grade and regionalization map were formulated based on growth suitability theory. The results showed that the most suitable habitats is Sichuan province, and more than 60% of the most suitable areawas located in the western Sichuan such as Aba and Ganzi prefectures for N. incisum. The results indicated that habitat altitude, average air temperature in September, and vegetation types were the dominant factors contributing to the grade of plant growth, precipitation and slope were the major factors contributing to notopterol accumulation in its underground parts, while isoimperatorin in its underground parts was negatively corelated with precipitation and slope of its habitat. However, slope as a factor influencing chemical components seemed to be a pseudo corelationship. Therefore, there were distinguishing differences between growth suitability and quality suitability for medicinal plants, which was helpful to further research and practice of cultivation regionalization, wild resource monitoring and large-scale cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine plants.

  18. The regional laws to support technological innovation in Emilia Romagna: the principle legislative instruments; Le leggi regionali a favore dell`innovazione tecnologica in Emilia-Romagna: i principali strumenti agevolativi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grandi, M.

    1998-01-01

    The Emilia Romagna region supports the developpement and the economic growth of innovative SMEs with legislative instruments. These instruments give the chance to the companies to improve their law capitalization and to receive facilities of credit. In this following guide the opportunities offered by legislative instruments are synthesized in summarized schemes. Every scheme is structured in this way: beneficiary persons; dead lines and expire dates; measures and conditions of payment; priorities. Every summarized scheme contains information about the legislative sources and it is equipped with a schedule that stresses the effective assignment of contributions. [Italiano] Lo sviluppo e la crescita delle PMI viene sostenuto dalla Regione Emilia Romagna attraverso strumenti legislativi locali che, se utilizzati in sinergia con altri programmi di finanziamento nazionali e comunitari, permettono alle imprese di superare i limite della sottocapitalizzazione beneficiando di un credito agevolato. In questo documento le possibilita` offerte sul credito agevolato vengono riassunte in modo organico ed esaustivo indicando, per ogni strumento di finanziamento: i soggetti beneficiari; il termine di presentazione della domanda di contributo altre scadenze; la misura e la modalita` di erogazione dei contributi; le iniziative finanziabili: priorita`. Ogni schema riassuntivo contiene indicazioni sulle fonti legislative considerate ed e` correlato da una tabella che evidenzia i dati relativi all`effettiva erogazione dei contributi.

  19. [Cultural regionalization for Coptis chinensis based on 3S technology platform Ⅰ. Study on growth suitability for Coptis chinensis based on ecological factors analysis by Maxent and ArcGIS model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xin; Yang, Yan-Fang; Song, Hong-Ping; Zhang, Xiao-Bo; Huang, Lu-Qi; Wu, He-Zhen

    2016-09-01

    At the urgent request of Coptis chinensis planting,growth suitability as assessment indicators for C. chinensis cultivation was proposed and analyzed in this paper , based on chemical quality determination and ecological fators analysis by Maxent and ArcGIS model. Its potential distribution areas at differernt suitability grade and regionalization map were formulated based on statistical theory and growth suitability theory. The results showed that the most suitable habitats is some parts of Chongqing and Hubei province, such as Shizhu, Lichuan, Wulong, Wuxi, Enshi. There are seven ecological factor is the main ecological factors affect the growth of Coptidis Rhizoma, including altitude, precipitation in February and September and the rise of precipitation and altitude is conducive to the accumulation of total alkaloid content in C. chinensis. Therefore, The results of the study not only illustrates the most suitable for the surroundings of Coptidis Rhizoma, also helpful to further research and practice of cultivation regionalization, wild resource monitoring and large-scale cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine plants. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  20. Hearing Assistive Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for the Public / Hearing and Balance Hearing Assistive Technology Hearing Assistive Technology: FM Systems | Infrared Systems | Induction ... Assistive Technology Systems Solutions What are hearing assistive technology systems (HATS)? Hearing assistive technology systems (HATS) are ...

  1. Communications technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuccia, C. Louis; Sivo, Joseph

    1986-01-01

    The technologies for optimized, i.e., state of the art, operation of satellite-based communications systems are surveyed. Features of spaceborne active repeater systems, low-noise signal amplifiers, power amplifiers, and high frequency switches are described. Design features and capabilities of various satellite antenna systems are discussed, including multiple beam, shaped reflector shaped beam, offset reflector multiple beam, and mm-wave and laser antenna systems. Attitude control systems used with the antenna systems are explored, along with multiplexers, filters, and power generation, conditioning and amplification systems. The operational significance and techniques for exploiting channel bandwidth, baseband and modulation technologies are described. Finally, interconnectivity among communications satellites by means of RF and laser links is examined, as are the roles to be played by the Space Station and future large space antenna systems.

  2. Study on the Support of Science and Technology in the Development of Regional Advantage Industries---Take the Example of Liaoning%区域优势产业发展的科技支撑作用分析--以辽宁为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢军伟

    2014-01-01

    In the market economy, the development regional economic is decided by the development of advantage industries. Advantage industries can not only affect the regional economic growth, but also can affect the regional economic structure through the changes of the industry structure .In this paper, we deifned the connotation and selection criteria of regional advantage industries include exogenous and endogenous comparative advantages. In the selection of advantage Industries, we should follow ifve principles:resource advantage, technology advantage, market advantage, relational advan-tage and comparative advantage. On this basis, we made the analysis on the advantage industries of Liaoning, using indus-trial gradient coefifcient. Liaoning’s advantage industries can be integrated in 3 major industrial chain ,such as the petroleum chemical industry. Then, we investigate the factors supporting role of science and technology in industrial development, and proposed some suggestions on enhancing scientiifc and technological effects in the development Liaoning’s advantage in-dustries.%在市场经济条件下,任何一个区域的经济发展都是由其具有优势的产业发展所决定的。优势产业的发展不仅可以影响区域经济增长,还可以通过产业结构的变更改变整个区域的经济结构。本文对区域优势产业的内涵与选择基准进行了界定,认为“区域优势产业”应包括外生比较优势产业和内生比较优势产业两种层次,选择中应遵循资源优势、技术优势、市场优势、关联优势和比较优势5大原则。在此基础上,以辽宁为例,利用产业梯度系数分析辽宁的优势产业,认为辽宁的优势工业行业可以整合为石油化工等3大产业链,探讨产业发展中制约科技支撑作用的因素,并从有效发挥政府作用增强科技对辽宁优势产业支撑作用的提出相关建议。

  3. Manufacturing technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leonard, J.A.; Floyd, H.L.; Goetsch, B.; Doran, L. [eds.

    1993-08-01

    This bulletin depicts current research on manufacturing technology at Sandia laboratories. An automated, adaptive process removes grit overspray from jet engine turbine blades. Advanced electronic ceramics are chemically prepared from solution for use in high- voltage varistors. Selective laser sintering automates wax casting pattern fabrication. Numerical modeling improves performance of photoresist stripper (simulation on Cray supercomputer reveals path to uniform plasma). And mathematical models help make dream of low- cost ceramic composites come true.

  4. 76 FR 52670 - 2011 Technology Transfer Summit North America Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health 2011 Technology Transfer Summit North America Conference...: The NIH Office of Technology Transfer extends invitations to attend the 2011 Technology Transfer... by the NIH Office of Technology Transfer, TTS Ltd. and regional host partners such as BIO Maryland...

  5. Emerging technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Shin-yee

    1993-03-01

    The mission of the Emerging Technologies thrust area at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is to help individuals establish technology areas that have national and commercial impact, and are outside the scope of the existing thrust areas. We continue to encourage innovative ideas that bring quality results to existing programs. We also take as our mission the encouragement of investment in new technology areas that are important to the economic competitiveness of this nation. In fiscal year 1992, we have focused on nine projects, summarized in this report: (1) Tire, Accident, Handling, and Roadway Safety; (2) EXTRANSYT: An Expert System for Advanced Traffic Management; (3) Odin: A High-Power, Underwater, Acoustic Transmitter for Surveillance Applications; (4) Passive Seismic Reservoir Monitoring: Signal Processing Innovations; (5) Paste Extrudable Explosive Aft Charge for Multi-Stage Munitions; (6) A Continuum Model for Reinforced Concrete at High Pressures and Strain Rates: Interim Report; (7) Benchmarking of the Criticality Evaluation Code COG; (8) Fast Algorithm for Large-Scale Consensus DNA Sequence Assembly; and (9) Using Electrical Heating to Enhance the Extraction of Volatile Organic Compounds from Soil.

  6. Technology Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilkington, Alan

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports a bibliometric analysis (co-citation network analysis) of 10 journals in the management of technology (MOT) field. As well as introducing various bibliometric ideas, network analysis tools identify and explore the concepts covered by the field and their inter-relationships. Spe......This paper reports a bibliometric analysis (co-citation network analysis) of 10 journals in the management of technology (MOT) field. As well as introducing various bibliometric ideas, network analysis tools identify and explore the concepts covered by the field and their inter......-relationships. Specific results from different levels of analysis show the different dimensions of technology management: • Co-word terms identify themes • Journal co-citation network: linking to other disciplines • Co-citation network show concentrations of themes The analysis shows that MOT has a bridging role...... in integrating ideas from several distinct disciplines. This suggests that management and strategy are central to MOT which essentially relates to the firm rather than policy. Similarly we have a dual focus on capabilities, but can see subtle differences in how we view these ideas, either through an inwards...

  7. An Analysis on Biased Level of Technological Advance of Manufacturing Sector-Based on the Perspective of Regional Characteristics%制造业部门技术进步的偏向性水平分析--基于区域特征的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段国蕊

    2014-01-01

    Based on CES production function, the article derives the calculation method of technological advance’ direc-tion, and accordingly measures different directions and biased extent of technological advance of manufacturing sector among regions during the year of 1993 to 2012. The results show that the growth rate of capital productivity is in sharp decline, while the growth rate of labor productivity is rising in this period. From the principle of diminishing marginal productivity, it concludes that technological advance is generally favored the use of capital and labor-saving in the national level. From the region level, the biased level of the central and western regions is the highest, followed by the eastern region, while the Northeast region, although it is the heavy industry base, its biased level to capital is relatively low. Accordingly, this article finds the determinants of the direction of technological advance in the national level from the factor supply aspect, and finds the system factors of different biased level on the regional level.%文章基于CES生产函数,推导出技术进步方向的测算方法,并据此度量了1993-2012年期间中国制造业部门地区间不同的技术进步方向和偏向性程度。测算表明:在考察期内,资本生产效率的增长率在大幅下降,而劳动生产效率的增长率在上升。从要素的边际生产力递减原则出发,可以得到结论:在国家总量层面上,技术进步总体是偏向使用资本和节约劳动的;在地区层面上进行考察发现,中西部地区资本偏向性水平是最高的,其次是东部地区,而东北地区虽然是全国的重工业基地,但其技术进步对于资本的偏向性水平反而比较低。据此,文章从要素供给角度,为全国总量层面上技术进步方向的决定因素找到了答案,也为地区层面不同技术进步偏向程度的形成原因找到了体制内的影响因素。

  8. Regional Integration of Renewable Energies; Integracion Regional de energias Renovables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amador Guerra, J.; Dominguez Bravo, J. [Ciemat.Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    The aim of this report is to show how Energetic Planning and Territorial Policy should be working together for a better integration of Renewable Energies into Region. This Integration should to contemplate social, economic and environmental aspects of the territory. The report has been classified into 7 items: planning, energetic scenarios, technology transfer for Renewable Energies dissemination, barriers for this dissemination, environmental aspects, European Union Policy and Decision Support Systems (and specially GIS). (Author) 54 refs.

  9. Treatment Technology of Gravel Pile Embankment in Saline Permaf rost Regions%含盐冻土地区碎石桩地基处理技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐志彪

    2016-01-01

    在西北寒冷地区基础的设计施工中,经常会遇到季节性冻土问题,在某些地区冻土还包含有盐渍土。本文针对季节性冻土产生的冻涨、融陷及盐渍土的盐溶、盐胀等问题,结合某工程试验段,对西北地区某货运铁路地基采用碎石桩处理技术进行了探讨。通过有限元数值模拟分析,将天然地基和处理后地基的沉降曲线进行对比,发现经碎石桩处理后,地基沉降有了明显改善,符合铁路运行规范的要求。%We often encounter the problem of seasonal frozen soil in the base design and construction in northwest regions ,espe‐cially saline soil in some regions .To solve the problems of frost heaving ,thaw collapse ,salt dissolution ,salt expansion resul‐ted from seasonally frozen soil ,this paper discusses the gravel piles treatment in one freight railway embankment in northwest‐ern area .Through the finite element numerical simulation analysis ,the settlement curves of natural embankment and treated embankment are compared ,it is found that after the treatment of gravel piles ,the embankment settlement is improved ,which meets the running requirements of railway .

  10. 少数民族地区英语教师信息技术应用能力发展的取向特征和策略%On Orientation Features and Individual Strategies of the Development of Information Technology Application Ability of English Teachers in Ethnic Minority Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃幼莲

    2016-01-01

    Owing to the cultural background and language environment of ethnic minority regions, the goal orientation, culture orientation and application orientation of the information technology application ability of English teachers in ethnic regions present their own ethnic features. The article suggests that the school should build up favorable environment for the English teacher to develop information technology and that the teacher should integrate together different ways of self-access learning and build up practice mode of application, so as to bridge between ethnic characteristics, English teaching contents and English teaching methods to make a better service to the education in ethnic minority regions.%由于文化背景与语言环境的影响,少数民族地区英语教师信息技术应用能力发展呈现出具有民族特色的目标取向、文化取向和应用取向,学习也应该营造一个英语教师信息技术应用能力发展的良好环境,让教师可以自主地进行相关知识学习,并将其应用到实践中,构建民族特色、英语教学内容和英语教学法相互结合和相互沟通的立交桥,更好地为少数民族地区教育服务。

  11. 区域间技术转移的网络结构及空间分布特征研究——基于我国2006-2010省际技术市场成交合同的分析%Study on the network structure and spatial distribution of inter-regional technology transfer:analysis based on inter-provincial technical market transaction of China in 2006-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤朝; 马荣康

    2013-01-01

    Taking advantage of 2006 -2010 bilateral data of technical market transaction between regions in China. This paper investigates the network structure and spatial feature of inter - regional technology transfer through the social network analysis and GIS spatial analysis. Results show that, firstly, the inter - provincial technology transfer activities become increasingly frequent since 2006. With the changes of regional technology capacity and technology gap among regions, the "core - periphery" structure of inter - regional technology transfer network with Beijing as the central is getting weaken. Secondly, the bulk technology transfer is spreading to other regions with Beijing as the central, which is barely constrained by geographical distance. The whole technology transfer shows several regional blocks with various forms of spatial aggregation or dispersion, and the geographical distance plays different roles in the evolution of each regional block. Finally, with the changes of technology capacity in each region and its adjacent regions, the regional blocks e-volve from ' weak - weak' subgroup to ' strong - weak' subgroup or ' weak - strong' subgroup, and then move to ' strong - strong' subgroup with good interaction.%利用我国31个省区2006-2010年技术市场成交合同数据,运用社会网络分析和GIS空间分析方法,研究了区域间技术转移的网络结构及空间分布特征.结果表明:(1)2006年以来,我国省际技术转移活动越来越密切和频繁,随着各区域技术实力及区域间技术差距的变化,技术转移网络以北京为中心的“核心—边缘”结构有逐步削弱的趋势.(2)大宗技术转移以北京为核心向其他区域扩散,受地理距离的约束较小;整体技术转移表现为空间聚集(分散)形态各异的几个区域板块,地理距离在各区域板块演变中的作用存在一定差异.(3)随着各区域及其邻近区域技术实力的变化,区域间技术转移的实现路径

  12. "Digital Region" in the Context of the "Grid Computing"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qi; CAO Jian

    2004-01-01

    This paper is to construct a "digital local, regional, region" information framework based on the technology of "SIG" and its significance and application to the regional sustainable development evaluation system. First, the concept of the "grid computing" and "SIG" is interpreted and discussed, then the relationship between the "grid computing" and "digital region" is analyzed, and the framework of the "digital region" is put forward. Finally, the significance and application of "grid computing" to the "region sustainable development evaluation system" are discussed.

  13. Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenneth J. Nemeth

    2006-08-30

    The Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership's (SECARB) Phase I program focused on promoting the development of a framework and infrastructure necessary for the validation and commercial deployment of carbon sequestration technologies. The SECARB program, and its subsequent phases, directly support the Global Climate Change Initiative's goal of reducing greenhouse gas intensity by 18 percent by the year 2012. Work during the project's two-year period was conducted within a ''Task Responsibility Matrix''. The SECARB team was successful in accomplishing its tasks to define the geographic boundaries of the region; characterize the region; identify and address issues for technology deployment; develop public involvement and education mechanisms; identify the most promising capture, sequestration, and transport options; and prepare action plans for implementation and technology validation activity. Milestones accomplished during Phase I of the project are listed below: (1) Completed preliminary identification of geographic boundaries for the study (FY04, Quarter 1); (2) Completed initial inventory of major sources and sinks for the region (FY04, Quarter 2); (3) Completed initial development of plans for GIS (FY04, Quarter 3); (4) Completed preliminary action plan and assessment for overcoming public perception issues (FY04, Quarter 4); (5) Assessed safety, regulatory and permitting issues (FY05, Quarter 1); (6) Finalized inventory of major sources/sinks and refined GIS algorithms (FY05, Quarter 2); (7) Refined public involvement and education mechanisms in support of technology development options (FY05, Quarter 3); and (8) Identified the most promising capture, sequestration and transport options and prepared action plans (FY05, Quarter 4).

  14. Harmonisation of Technology and Humanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getashvili Irina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to information and communication technologies and the principles of humanism in education village. Humanist and modern communications systems, communications and information opens up new possibilities in the formation of children's talents. This had a positive effect on the state of affairs of the village, the region and the country. Improve the quality, effectiveness of education

  15. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional consortium field. Second year report. Development of the technology to combine plastic and metal using biodegradable natural polymer; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo - chiiki consortium bun'ya. Seibunkaisei tennen plastic to kinzoku no fukugoka gijutsu no kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The development was proceeded with of the electromagnetic wave shielding technology composed of plastic body, chitosan containing biodegradable coating and electroless metal plating layer. Key technologies are for formation of biodegradable electroless plating use coating using chitosan as chemical adsorption carrier of Pd and for separation of the body and the metal thin film by the environment-harmony method for recovery of the material. Studies were made in the following 5 fields: 1) method to produce low molecular chitin and chitosan; 2) application of biodegradable materials to electromagnetic wave shielding; 3) evaluation of physical properties and function of a new electromagnetic wave shielding system; 4) R and D of the degradation method of the new electromagnetic wave shielding system; 5) comprehensive investigational study. In FY 2000, in 1), conditions for production of chitosan degrading enzymes were determined, and also the scale of bio-reactor was increased up to 20L. Further, chitosan was so re-synthesized that it disperses to the electroless plating use primer. (NEDO)

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on research and development project for regional consortiums. Regional consortium field (Development of super devices for medical treatment devices using three-dimensional micro processing technology (the second year)); 1998 nendo chiiki consortium bun'ya. Maikuro sanjigen kako gijutsu ni yoru iryo kikiyo super device no kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    It is intended to develop super devices for medical treatment devices using a three-dimensional micro processing technology by developing and combining precision processing technologies accumulated in the Suwa area. Main targets were placed on device size reduction, and a high reliability portable chemical liquid sustaining injector. This paper describes achievements made in fiscal 1998. Micromotors currently used have as low output torque as 1/4 of the target. Enhancement of reduction gear mechanism efficiency and durability is the problem to be solved. Microtubes with an inner diameter of 0.1 mm were produced on a trial basis by using four kinds of materials. The delivery mechanism assured the targeted flow rate successfully by using the direct cum screw system, but reduction in driving torque is desired. Completion of the cartridge system is also in the realm of aim. Joints will be moved closer to commercialization by selecting materials taking into account the chemical resistance and disposition. Micro connectors and cables still have problems for development. The bubble sensor was virtually decided to be of optical type from the points of detection performance requirements. Detectors and peripheral devices will be reduced in dimensions, and their reliability will be enhanced. The flow rate sensor has a problem to be solved in responsiveness to intermittent flows. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1999 results of the regional consortium R and D project/the regional consortium energy R and D. 1st year. Development of the energy-saving type production technology of high-purity/transparent silica glass; 1999 nendo kojundo tomei sekiei glass no sho energy gata seizo gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of achieving the remarkable energy conservation, high accuracy and low cost in the production of high-purity/transparent silica glass, the developmental research was conducted on slip casting method. In the development of technology to synthesize silica powder by the sol-gel method, monodisperse - polydisperse high-purity colloidal silica was obtained. In the development of technology to make silica power ultra-highly pure, a process was found out in which silica particles can be obtained by applying moderate amounts of ammonium bicarbonate and aqueous ammonia to the solution of silicic acid for heating. In the slip cast forming, a high-density forming body with a mean particle size of 1.5{mu}m was obtained. In the trial manufacture of reflector model, a translucent silica glass sintered body was obtained by transcribing the gypsum type dimensional shape in high purity. Besides, experimental researches were conducted on the examination of gypsum type/resin type and evaluation of physical properties, heat deterioration characteristics of the actual multi-layer film and trial manufacture of the heat resistant film, analysis/evaluation of trace impurities inside silica glass, conditions for the manufacture of dense silica glass sheets, etc. (NEDO)

  18. Agreement technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Ossowski, Sascha

    2013-01-01

    More and more transactions, whether in business or related to leisure activities, are mediated automatically by computers and computer networks, and this trend is having a significant impact on the conception and design of new computer applications. The next generation of these applications will be based on software agents to which increasingly complex tasks can be delegated, and which interact with each other in sophisticated ways so as to forge agreements in the interest of their human users. The wide variety of technologies supporting this vision is the subject of this volume. It summarises

  19. Seafood Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børresen, Torger

    -Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) is needed to pay attention to environmental protection and continued biodiversity. Further, it is necessary to use all the raw materials provided such that present by-products and side streams in processing are being upgraded for a better use than today. Principles of blue biotechnology may......This presentation will fill the total picture of this conference between fisheries and aquaculture, blue biotech and bioconservation, by considering the optimal processing technology of marine resources from the raw material until the seafood reaches the plate of the consumer. The situation today...

  20. Construction technology of subgrade frozen heaving resistance on passenger special line in cold region%严寒地带客运专线路基防冻胀施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁伟

    2011-01-01

    Combining with the roadbed construction practice of Ha-Da passenger special line,according to characteristics of gravel A and B filling-subgrade,formation of seasonal frozen soil,and mechanism of roadbed disease on passenger special line in cold region,this thesis puts forward preventive measures and setting principles of roadbed disease with seasonal frozen soil,with a view to guarantee smooth,stable,and durable track of passenger special line.%结合哈大客运专线路基施工实践,根据严寒地带客运专线砾石类A,B组填料路基的特点及季节性冻土的形成及路基病害发生的机理,提出针对季节性冻土路基病害的防治措施及设置原则,以保证客运专线轨道的平顺性、稳定性和耐久性。

  1. Biomass for energy - small scale technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salvesen, F.; Joergensen, P.F. [KanEnergi, Rud (Norway)

    1997-12-31

    The bioenergy markets and potential in EU region, the different types of biofuels, the energy technology, and the relevant applications of these for small-scale energy production are reviewed in this presentation

  2. Targeted Technology Transfer to US Independents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donald F. Duttlinger; E. Lance Cole

    2006-09-29

    The Petroleum Technology Transfer Council (PTTC) was established by domestic crude oil and natural gas producers in 1994 as a national not-for-profit organization to address the increasingly urgent need to improve the technology-transfer process in the U.S. upstream petroleum industry. Coordinated from a Headquarters (HQ) office in Houston, PTTC maintains an active grassroots program executed by 10 Regional Lead Organizations (RLOs) and two satellite offices (Figure 1). Regional Directors interact with domestic oil and gas producers through technology workshops, resource centers, websites, newsletters, technical publications and cooperative outreach efforts. HQ facilitates inter-regional technology transfer and implements a comprehensive communications program. Active volunteers on the National Board and in Producer Advisory Groups (PAGs) in each of the 10 regions focus effort in areas that will create the most impact for domestic producers. Focused effort by dedicated individuals across the country has enabled PTTC to achieve the milestones outlined in Appendix A.

  3. Assessment of regional left ventricular systolic function of children with congenital hypothyroidism by automated function imaging technology%自动功能成像技术对先天性甲状腺功能低下患儿左室局部收缩功能评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷珊娱; 梅丽; 杨晓英

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨自动功能成像(AFI)技术评价先天性甲状腺功能低下症(CH)患儿左室局部收缩功能的临床价值.方法 应用AFI技术对35例甲低患儿(CH组)及30名年龄匹配的正常儿童(对照组)左室室壁各节段纵向运动进行检测,实时获取左室收缩纵向峰值应变(LPSS)及其心室各节段分析图(牛眼图).结果 与对照组比较,CH患儿左室前壁基底段,侧壁心尖段、室间隔基底段、中间段,后壁收缩纵向峰值应变明显减低(P<0.05).两组间左室收缩功能常规参数比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 应用AFI技术可早期发现CH患儿局部收缩功能改变,为临床治疗提供可靠依据.%Objective To study the value of automated function imaging (AFI) technology in the evaluation of regional left ventricular systolic function of children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Methods AFI technology was applied to 35 cases of congenital hypothyroidism (CH group) and 30 age-maiched normal children (control group) for left ventricular wall segments and longitudinal motion detection, and real-time left ventricular systolic longitudinal peak strain (LPSS) and left ventricular segmental analysis diagram were obtained. Results Compared to control group, anterior basal segment, the side wall of the apical segment, septal basal section, middle section and. the posterior wall of the longitudinal peak systolic strain in CH group were significantly decreased(P0.05). Conclusion Early changes in the regional cardiac systolic function can be found by AFI technology in children with CH.AFI technology can provide a reliable basis for clinical treatment.

  4. Enhancing regional security agreements through cooperative monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pregenzer, A.L.

    1995-05-01

    This paper proposes that strengthening regional capabilities for formulating and implementing arms control and confidence-building measures is a tangible method of enhancing regional security. It discusses the importance of developing a regional infrastructure for arms control and confidence building and elucidates the role of technology in facilitating regional arms control and confidence-building agreements. In addition, it identifies numerous applications for regional cooperative monitoring in the areas of arms control, resource management, international commerce and disaster response. The Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories, whose aim is to help individual countries and regions acquire the tools they need to develop their own solutions to regional problems, is discussed briefly. The paper ends with recommendations for establishing regional cooperative monitoring centers.

  5. Wearable Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    Wearable technology projects, to be useful, in the future, must be seamlessly integrated with the Flight Deck of the Future (F.F). The lab contains mockups of space vehicle cockpits, habitat living quarters, and workstations equipped with novel user interfaces. The Flight Deck of the Future is one element of the Integrated Power, Avionics, and Software (IPAS) facility, which, to a large extent, manages the F.F network and data systems. To date, integration with the Flight Deck of the Future has been limited by a lack of tools and understanding of the Flight Deck of the Future data handling systems. To remedy this problem it will be necessary to learn how data is managed in the Flight Deck of the Future and to develop tools or interfaces that enable easy integration of WEAR Lab and EV3 products into the Flight Deck of the Future mockups. This capability is critical to future prototype integration, evaluation, and demonstration. This will provide the ability for WEAR Lab products, EV3 human interface prototypes, and technologies from other JSC organizations to be evaluated and tested while in the Flight Deck of the Future. All WEAR Lab products must be integrated with the interface that will connect them to the Flight Deck of the Future. The WEAR Lab products will primarily be programmed in Arduino. Arduino will be used for the development of wearable controls and a tactile communication garment. Arduino will also be used in creating wearable methane detection and warning system.

  6. IA of bio-economic projects in Region Zealand, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybæk, Rikke; Kjær, Tyge; Palsberg, Aske

    Creating new pathways for sustainable ready-to-implement bio-economic projects within Region Zealand, Denmark, based on available biomass resources and existing and proven technology concepts.......Creating new pathways for sustainable ready-to-implement bio-economic projects within Region Zealand, Denmark, based on available biomass resources and existing and proven technology concepts....

  7. Technology strategy for gas technologies; Technology Target Areas; TTA8 Gas Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2008-07-01

    and user. This philosophy is reflected in the recommendations given with respect to research and development priorities. Key issues within Gas Transport and Processing are optimised operations, capacity utilization and cost effectiveness in existing infrastructure through e.g. improved methods for maintenance, energy efficiency programs, handling of trace components in gas streams (H2S, CO2, Methanol) and more efficient extraction of heavy components (NGL, LPG). Furthermore, we need to develop a robust technology basis for non-pipeline transportation of gas from regions that are not accessible today by pipeline infrastructure. This includes Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Heavy Liquefied Gas (HLG), Natural Gas Hydrates (NGH) for transport, and the like. The versatility of these technologies for new regions (e.g. Arctic and remote areas) needs to be researched and improved. For Gas conversion to fuels, chemicals and materials it is expected that the existing Norwegian gas based industry, incl. petrochemicals, will be developed further and key issues in this regard are increased unit capacities and increased energy efficiency. It is also expected that this industry will expand further internationally. Pacing technologies within gas conversion are Gas to Liquids (GTL) and Gas to Olefins (GTO) with Norwegian companies as leading players technologically and commercially. It is a possibility that in countries with strong national petroleum companies, participation in downstream business development will strengthen the position for access to upstream assets. GTL and GTO are good examples of this. Other pacing and emerging areas are offshore gas conversion to transportable liquids as well as new direct conversion routes to products, hydrogen as energy carrier and gas conversion in Arctic areas. New products where gas is feed stock are likely to occur in the future, one example is nano materials. CO{sub 2} management encompasses improved energy

  8. 区域创新要素与STBI创新孵化绩效--在孵企业资源拼凑的中介作用%Regional Innovation Factors and Innovation Incubation Performance of Science and Technology Business Incubator---The Mediating Effect of Incubated Enterprises' Resource Bricolage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜骞; 刘强

    2016-01-01

    Based on regional innovation theory, innovation network theory, inter-organizational relationship theory and strategic management theory, we constructed conceptual framework of regional innovation factors, resource bricolage and innovation incubation performance of science and technology business incubator, through a large research sample, implemented construct validity with smart PLS and AMOS software to test its effectiveness and rationality. The Empirical results show that regional innovation factors (regional innovation initiatives, incubation network characteris-tics and value chain information sources) have positive influence on resource bricolage. Resource bricolage has positive influence on innovation incubation performance.%文章以区域创新理论、创新网络理论、组织间关系理论以及战略管理理论为基础,构建了区域创新要素、在孵企业资源拼凑与科技企业孵化器(STBI)创新孵化绩效的概念框架及研究假设,通过大样本的数据调查,运用区间数拓展DEMATEL、smartPLS软件对概念框架进行信效度检验和结构方程模型分析。实证结果显示,区域创新要素(区域创新举措、孵化网络特征和价值链信息资源)对在孵企业资源拼凑具有显著的正向影响;在孵企业资源拼凑与创新孵化绩效之间具有显著正向相关关系。

  9. n technology; economy and simplicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yacoub Yousef Ahmad Alotaibi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Water scarcity is a major problem, a seawater desalination process separates saline seawater into two streams: a fresh water stream containing a low concentration of dissolved salts and a concentrated brine stream Applied desalination technologies can be divided in to three groups, thermal desalination technologies, membrane based desalination technologies,and solar desalination technologies. Results show that solar energy coupled to desalination offers a promising prospect for covering the fundamental needs of power and water in remote regions such as grid-limited villages or isolated islands that have access to sea or brackish-water. Reverse osmosis (RO and electrodialysis (ED desalination units are the most favorable alternatives to be coupled with photovoltaic (PV systems.

  10. Technology maturity and technology development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Underhill, Gary K.; Carlson, Ronald A.; Clendinning, William A.; Erdos, Jozsef; Gault, John; Hall, James W.; Jones, Robert L.; Michael, Herbert K.; Powell, Paul H.; Riemann, Carl F.; Rios-Castellon, Lorenzo; Shepherd, Burchard P.; Wilson, John S.

    1976-01-01

    All of the work reported in the preceding chapters was performed in order to assess the technical, economic, and energetic feasibility of proceeding with more detailed studies of the geopressured geothermal resource. The preliminary conceptual design and costing activities represented the prime activity for component by component review of the maturity of the technology available for resource utilization facilities. The economics and energetics studies focussed attentions on the areas of major capital and energy investment; these results comprise a useful guide for focussing design in order to reduce initial and operations and maintenance costs and/or investment. The following presents a discussion of the primary technical problems identified.

  11. Technology Trends Analysis Using Patent Landscaping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Vsevolodovich Kortov

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis and the choice of the priorities in technology development and, particularly, to the use of patent landscaping as a tool for the study of technology trends. Currently, patent activity indicators are often used for technology foresight and for competitive intelligence as well. Nevertheless, causal relationship between these indicators, on the one hand, and strategic and tactical decisions in the sphere of technological development on meso- and microeconomic level, on the other hand, are not adequately investigated to solve practical tasks. The goal of the work is to systemize the challenges of technology trends analysis, which could be effectively solved on the base of patent landscape analysis. The article analyses the patent landscaping methodology and tools, as well as their use for evaluating the current competitive environment and technology foresight. The authors formulated the generalized classification for the criteria of promising technologies for a selected region. To assess the compliance of a technology with these criteria, we propose a system of corresponding indicators of patenting activity. Using the proposed methodology, we have analysed the patent landscape to select promising technologies for the Sverdlovsk region. The research confirmed the hypothesis of the patent landscapes performance in evaluating such technology indicators as stages of the life cycle stage, universality (applicability in different industries, pace of worldwide development, innovations and science availability in the region and potential possibilities for scientific collaboration with international research institutions and universities. The results of the research may be useful to the wide audience, including representatives small and medium enterprises, large companies and regional authorities for the tasks concerned with the technology trends analysis and technology strategy design

  12. Localized knowledge spillover and the emergence of new technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanner, Anne Nygaard

    2010-01-01

    of emerging technologies and their geographical distribution. The paper examines this by studying the emergence of a generic technology with a very complex knowledge base, namely the fuel cell (FC) technology. The analysis is carried out on an OECD dataset on regionalized PCT patent applications (OECD REGPAT......-related technology fields. These findings corroborate the usefulness of the theory on LKS in explaining elements of the emergence of new technologies. Moreover, the analysis sheds new light on regional development and diversification along new technological trajectory....

  13. Localized knowledge spillover and the emergence of new technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanner, Anne Nygaard

    2010-01-01

    of emerging technologies and their geographical distribution. The paper examines this by studying the emergence of a generic technology with a very complex knowledge base, namely the fuel cell (FC) technology. The analysis is carried out on an OECD dataset on regionalized PCT patent applications (OECD REGPAT......-related technology fields. These findings corroborate the usefulness of the theory on LKS in explaining elements of the emergence of new technologies. Moreover, the analysis sheds new light on regional development and diversification along new technological trajectory....

  14. Occurrence Characteris-tics and Integrated Control Technology of Main Scale Insects of Greening Tree Species in Kunshan Region%昆山地区绿化树种主要介壳虫发生特点及综防技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉海龙; 汤留弟; 凌学林; 吴向阳; 陆凉夏

    2015-01-01

    Occurrence characteristics of four scale insects (Drosicha corpulenta Kuwana,Asterococcus muratae Kuwana, Ceroplastes japonica Green,Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) of greening tree species in Kunshan region were introduced.The integrated control technologies were pro-posed on the basis of strengthening plant quarantine and horticultural control,and reasonably using physical control,biolog-ical control and chemical control.%介绍了昆山地区绿化树种4种介壳虫,即草履蚧、藤壶蚧、龟蜡蚧和红蜡蚧的发生特点,提出了以加强植物检疫和园艺防治为基础,合理运用物理防治、生物防治及药剂防治等综合防控技术。

  15. O vozmozhnostjah ispol'zovanija istoricheskogo opyta tehnologij povyshenija plodorodija pochv v Vostochnoj Prussii v sel'skohozjajstvennom predprinimatel'stve Kaliningradskoj oblasti [On the possibility to adopt the historical practice of applying technologies for land fertility increase in Eastern Prussia at agricultural enterprises of the Kaliningrad region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levina Roza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the features of East Prussian land use system, whose crucial component was technologies for land fertility increase. A special package of measures in the framework of melioration and irrigation activities accounted for the high productivity of agriculture in this territory despite the fact that the local climate conditions can hardly be called perfect according to the well-known principles of agricultural science. The authors offer an overview of scientific approaches to the reconstruction and practical application of ideas and principles of progressive agriculture consistent with a more general area of organic agriculture. Special attention is paid to the modern agricultural practice in the territory of the Kaliningrad region — former East Prussia — and the possibilities to use the methods for increasing land fertility that were intensively employed by Prussians.

  16. Incineration technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Buekens, Alfons

    2013-01-01

    Waste incineration is the art of completely combusting waste, while maintaining or reducing emission levels below current emission standards. Where possible, objectives include the recovering of energy as well as the  combustion residues.  Successful waste incineration makes it possible to achieve a deep reduction in waste volume, obtain a compact and sterile residue, and eliminate a wide array of pollutants. This book places waste incineration within the wider context of waste management, and demonstrates that, in contrast to landfills and composting, waste incineration can eliminate objectionable and hazardous properties such as flammability and toxicity, result in a significant reduction in volume, and destroy gaseous and liquid waste streams leaving little or no residues beyond those linked to flue gas neutralization and treatment. Moreover, waste incineration sterilizes and destroys putrescible matter, and produces usable heat.  Incineration Technologies first appeared as a peer-reviewed contribution ...

  17. Regional Aspects of New Industrialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakov Petrovich Silin

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the authors substantiate the need to consider the regional economic and other conditions when carrying out various essential transformations in the national economy of the country. We have argued the importance of new industrialization for overcoming the technological lag of the country and its regions and for supporting the large-scale structural transformations. We have proved that the complex set of the interconnected concepts and the theories of macro- and microlevels may be the theoretical platform for the paradigm of new industrialization. These are the theory of economic growth, the theory of the modernization of the economy, the theory of the change of technological ways during the industrial revolutions, theories of innovative development, developments in the field of the institutional theory. The authors have shown that the transition to new industrialization is the fundamental historical pattern for the majority of the countries of the world, including industrially developed ones. The purpose of the article is to identify the brightest tendencies and features of the development of the Ural macro-region in the years of market reforms as well as the definition of the strategic transformations in the context of the formation of new industrialization. The hypothesis of the research assumes that the revealed regional features of the Ural macroregion’s economic development are the prerequisites of its development as the centre of the modernization of the Russian economy. On the basis of the analysis of three groups of statistic data for the twenty-five year period of liberal and monetary reforms, the brightest tendencies and features of the development of the Ural macro-region are revealed. We have emphasized that the Ural macro-region has managed to keep its historically developed code — the industrial model of the economy, which have been developing for many decades. The authors have made a significant contribution of

  18. Technology Deployment Annual Report 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keith Arterburn

    2009-12-01

    Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is a Department of Energy (DOE) multi-program national laboratory that conducts research and development in all DOE mission areas. Like all other federal laboratories, INL has a statutory, technology transfer mission to make its capabilities and technologies available to all federal agencies, to state and local governments, and to universities and industry. To fulfill this mission, INL encourages its scientific, engineering, and technical staff to disclose new inventions and creations to ensure the resulting intellectual property is captured, protected, and made available to others who might benefit from it. As part of the mission, intellectual property is licensed to industrial partners for commercialization, creating jobs and delivering the benefits of federally funded technology to consumers. In other cases, unique capabilities are made available to other federal agencies or to regional small businesses to solve specific technical challenges. In other interactions, INL employees work cooperatively with researchers and other technical staff of our partners to further develop emerging technologies. This report is a catalog of selected INL technology transfer and commercialization transactions during this past year. The size and diversity of INL technical resources, coupled with the large number of relationships with other organizations, virtually ensures that a report of this nature will fail to capture all interactions. Recognizing this limitation, this report focuses on transactions that are specifically authorized by technology transfer legislation (and corresponding contractual provisions) or involve the transfer of legal rights to technology to other parties.

  19. Plant stress analysis technology deployment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebadian, M.A.

    1998-01-01

    Monitoring vegetation is an active area of laser-induced fluorescence imaging (LIFI) research. The Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) at Florida International University (FIU) is assisting in the transfer of the LIFI technology to the agricultural private sector through a market survey. The market survey will help identify the key eco-agricultural issues of the nations that could benefit from the use of sensor technologies developed by the Office of Science and Technology (OST). The principal region of interest is the Western Hemisphere, particularly, the rapidly growing countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. The analysis of needs will assure that the focus of present and future research will center on economically important issues facing both hemispheres. The application of the technology will be useful to the agriculture industry for airborne crop analysis as well as in the detection and characterization of contaminated sites by monitoring vegetation. LIFI airborne and close-proximity systems will be evaluated as stand-alone technologies and additions to existing sensor technologies that have been used to monitor crops in the field and in storage.

  20. 76 FR 70780 - President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology Notice of Meeting: Open Regional Meeting of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Working Group on Advanced... open regional meeting of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST),...

  1. 76 FR 70779 - President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology Notice of Meeting: Open Regional Meeting of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Working Group on Advanced... open regional meeting of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST),...

  2. 76 FR 70781 - President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... TECHNOLOGY POLICY President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology Notice of Meeting: Open Regional Meeting of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Working Group on Advanced... open regional meeting of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST),...

  3. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Regional consortium research field (Development of super-devices for medical equipment by 3-dimensional microstructure machining technology - 3rd year); 1999 nendo micro sanjigen kako gijutsu ni yoru iryo kikiyo super device no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (dai 3 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the development of micromechanisms, a highly efficient micromotor capable of outputting 25g/cm is developed, in which a DC motor, 4mm in diameter and 12.5mm in length, and a deceleration mechanism are combined. A technology is established of manufacturing microtubes 0.1mm in internal diameter of various materials for use with medical equipment. A direct cam screw type discharge mechanism for minute amounts is developed. It is now foreseen that a cartridge (air pressurized) discharge mechanism and a tube pump will be commercialized. A microjoint is developed with a built-in micro check valve for medicine flow channels. A microfilter is developed using a polypropylene hollow yarn membrane. A microsensor is developed, which responds to a 0.01-second change in flow rate at an error rate of {+-}3% or less. A microcomputer control system is test-produced. Newly developed devices are integrated for the test production of a portable device for sustained infusion of medicine, and the product is found to be superior to the existing systems. Also described are the utilization of various micromachining techniques. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Regional consortium of venture business fostering type--Creation of key industries (Development of technologies for manufacturing and utilizing various biological regulatory substances using Hokkaido-produced biomasses as materials); 1998 nendo Dosan biomass wo genryo to shita kakushu seitai chosetsu kino busshitsu no seisan riyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The efforts aim to meet consumers' needs for products that will prevent lifestyle diseases or the like. For this purpose, substances answering the purpose are extracted from Hokkaido-produced agricultural and aquatic biomasses, and prepared for testing. Researches are conducted on how they behave in the enzyme, cell, and biological systems, and active substances are isolated and identified. In relation to the aquatic biomass, a technology is established of extracting and separating DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), taurine, etc., which are multivalent unsaturated fatty acids effective in preventing lifestyle diseases, from the unused parts of the squid. In relation to the agricultural biomass, antimicrobial active substances are extracted and separated from small fruit plants such as the chicory. Long-keeping foods are tentatively produced by the addition of dried powder of the chicory root tuber. In the elucidation of various biological regulatory substances contained in the Hokkaido-produced biomasses, they are tested for their abilities to resist microbes and active oxygen. Furthermore, verification tests are conducted by administering the substances to the senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM). (NEDO)

  5. The Importance of Localized Related Variety for International Diversification of Corporate Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dettmann, Eva; Lacasa, Iciar Dominguez; Günther, Jutta

    2016-01-01

    The importance of localized related variety for international diversification of corporate technology, Regional Studies. Internationalization of research and development has increased substantially in recent years. This paper analyses the determinants of spatial distribution of foreign technologi......The importance of localized related variety for international diversification of corporate technology, Regional Studies. Internationalization of research and development has increased substantially in recent years. This paper analyses the determinants of spatial distribution of foreign...... technological activities across 96 regions in Germany. It identifies foreign technological activities by applying the cross-border ownership concept to patent applications. The main proposition is that regions with higher related variety of technological activities between sectors attract more foreign...... technological activities. The estimations show that this is the case in regions characterized by a high overall technological strength. This suggests that related variety facilitates technological diversifications of foreign corporations in regions at the top of the geographic hierarchy...

  6. 寒冷地区办公建筑被动节能技术应用策略研究*--以天津市城市规划设计研究院科研楼为例%Passive Energy Conservation Technology Application on Office Building in Cold Region:Research Building of Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雯翡; 王连顺

    2015-01-01

    Through analyzing the characteristics of office building in cold region, this paper takes the Research Building of Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute as an example, researches the application strategy of the passive energy saving technologies from site planning, natural ventilation, natural lighting, and building shading. The exploring will provide reference experience for the office building in cold region, and also for energy conservation and emission reduction.%通过对寒冷地区办公建筑的气候特点、性能特点、能耗特点分析,以天津市城市规划设计研究院科研楼为研究对象,结合被动节能技术应用策略研究,从建筑场地环境设计策略、调整房间布局改善室内自然通风、高侧窗、采光井、导光筒联合改善自然采光、建筑自遮阳与中空百叶可调节外遮阳等方面进行探索,为寒冷地区办公建筑被动节能技术应用提供参考经验,也为节能减排提供可借鉴的经验。

  7. BIOGAS TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.B. SALUNKHE

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to scarcity of petroleum and coal it threatens supply of fuel throughout the world also problem of their combustion leads to research in different corners to get access the new sources of energy, like renewable energy resources. Solar energy, wind energy, different thermal and hydro sources of energy, biogas are all renewable energy resources. But, biogas is distinct from other renewable energies because of its characteristics of using, controlling and collecting organic wastes and at the same time producing fertilizer and water for use in agricultural irrigation. Biogas does not have any geographical limitations nor does it require advanced technology for producing energy, also it is very simple to use and apply. Anaerobic digestion is controlled biological degradation process which allows efficient capturing & utilization of biogas (approximately 60% methane and 40% carbon dioxide for energy generation. Anaerobic digestion of food waste is achievable but different types, composition of food waste results in varying degrees of methane yields, and thus the effects of mixing various types of food waste and their proportions should be determined on case by case basis.

  8. CMM Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ward, Robert C.

    2008-10-20

    This project addressed coordinate measuring machine (CMM) technology and model-based engineering. CMM data analysis and delivery were enhanced through the addition of several machine types to the inspection summary program. CMM hardware and software improvements were made with the purchases of calibration and setup equipment and new model-based software for the creation of inspection programs. Kansas City Plant (KCP) personnel contributed to and influenced the development of dimensional metrology standards. Model-based engineering capabilities were expanded through the development of software for the tolerance analysis of piece parts and for the creation of model-based CMM inspection programs and inspection plans and through the purchase of off-the-shelf software for the tolerance analysis of mechanical assemblies. An obsolete database application used to track jobs in Precision Measurement was replaced by a web-based application with improved query and reporting capabilities. A potential project to address the transformation of the dimensional metrology enterprise at the Kansas City Plant was identified.

  9. A Study of Creative Industries Agglomeration,Technological Innovation Capacity and Regional Economic Growth——An Empirical Analysis of Anhui Province%创意产业集聚、技术创新能力与区域经济增长研究——基于安徽省的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐谷波; 董克; 汪涛

    2016-01-01

    Creative industries agglomeration has important implications for regional technological innovation and economic growth , but its internal mechanism is not clear yet. The paper,based on the prefecture-level statistical data in Anhui province,constructs an econometric model to measure creative industries agglomeration level of cities ,and discusses the roles of creative industries agglomeration,technological innovation,openness as well as other factors in the regional economy. The study shows that:Creative industries in Anhui province have presented a certain degree of agglomeration,the development of creative industries has a driving role in the pilot area of Hefei-Wuhu-Bengbu(the more developed area),but not particularly prominent in other cities;The driving role of technological innovation in economic growth of cities is significant. The deeper reason is that there is no direct correlation between the development of creative industries and economic growth,and the original driving force of economic growth is still the technological innovation. However,creative industries can drive economic development in certain conditions,such as the economy has developed to a certain degree. The conclusions of this study are very important to the regional industrial layout and industrial selection.%创意产业集聚对区域技术创新及经济增长具有重要影响,但其中的内在机理尚不清晰.文章构建了计量经济模型,基于安徽省地级市统计数据,对各市创意产业集聚水平进行了测量,并研究了创意产业集聚、技术创新、开放程度等因素对区域经济的影响.研究表明:安徽省创意产业已经呈现一定的集聚现象,创意产业发展对经济较为发达的合芜蚌试验区具有驱动作用,但在其他城市表现不是特别显著;技术创新对各市经济增长具有显著驱动作用.就深层次原因而言,创意产业发展与经济增长并无直接相关性,驱动经济增长的原始动力仍然

  10. Case study on the components of an innovative region: Öresund Region (Denmark-Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Ştefan Săbău

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available How can one describe the components of an innovative region? What characterizes a region as being innovative? This paper presents the close relationship between innovation and regional development in an empirical analysis of the Öresund Region (the south-western part of Scandinavia: Sweden and Denmark, arguing the role of the universities, public institutions and R&D companies in placing the Öresund Region on the map as a world-leading player in providing biotech and medical technology.

  11. Desenvolvimento regional: a diversidade regional como potencialidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Odim Degrandi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the second half of the twentieth century the debate on regional development in Brazil received special attention, especially among economists and geographers. Two main approaches stand out in the debate: one that understands the promotion of regional development from the reduction / elimination of regional inequalities, and the other proposes the understanding of regional diversity and potentiality for developing regions. The first was and still remains hegemonic, being evidenced both in scientific papers and in documents guiding public policies in the area. The latter is evidenced most clearly from the 1990s on, a period when the concept of region is resumed under a new approach. This paper aims to clarify the meaning of each of these concepts in order to contribute to the qualification of the discussion on regional development.

  12. Desenvolvimento regional: a diversidade regional como potencialidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Elisabeta Etges

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo da segunda metade do século XX o debate sobre desenvolvimento regional no Brasil recebeu atenção especial, principalmente, entre economistas e geógrafos. Dois enfoques principais se destacam no debate: um, que entende a promoção do desenvolvimento regional a partir da redução/eliminação das desigualdades regionais; outro, que propõe a compreensão da diversidade regional como potencialidade para o desenvolvimento de regiões. O primeiro foi e continua sendo hegemônico, evidenciado tanto em trabalhos científicos quanto em documentos norteadores das políticas públicas na área. Já o segundo evidencia-se mais claramente a partir da década de 1990, período em que o conceito de região é retomado sob um novo enfoque. Neste trabalho pretende-se explicitar o significado de cada uma dessas concepções, no intuito de contribuir para a qualificação da discussão sobre desenvolvimento regional.Palavras-chave | Desenvolvimento regional; diversidade regional; potencialidades; região.Código JEL | O18; R11; R58. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: REGIONAL DIVERSITY AS POTENTIALAbstractThroughout the second half of the twentieth century the debate on regional development in Brazil received special attention, especially among economists and geographers. Two main approaches stand out in the debate: one that understands the promotion of regional development from the reduction / elimination of regional inequalities, and the other proposes the understanding of regional diversity and potentiality for developing regions. The first was and still remains hegemonic, being evidenced both in scientific papers and in documents guiding public policies in the area. The latter is evidenced most clearly from the 1990s on, a period when the concept of region is resumed under a new approach. This paper aims to clarify the meaning of each of these concepts in order to contribute to the qualification of the discussion on regional development.Keywords | Regional

  13. Regional Development Disparities In Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana - Craciun

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Regional economic integration provides both, developing countries and the least developed, the ability to enjoy the benefits of a larger „European “market, whether it is their home or their adoptive home. This issue gains a larger dimension in the context of economic crisis and euro zone. The argument for this statement is that regional development disparities may negatively affect economic cohesion from European space. There were identified two obstacles of the efficient use of European resources. The first one is the geographic barrier: the inability to make labor division due to barrier restrictions. The second one is the lack of an entrepreneurial culture. The entrepreneurial culture provides the flexibility of economy - in particular, the structural flexibility to cope with changes in the division of labor. These disparities can be gradual changed, and they are primarily result from autonomous technological innovations made ​​in response to depletion of resources or affected environment. Analyzing regional development disparities there were applied well known research methods: analytical and statistical method. The analysis consists on selecting and describing a set of indicators “measures” for regional competitiveness, able to show the situation of the region in metric terms, but also from economic point of view.

  14. Medical e-commerce for regional Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, D K; Mikelaitis, P

    2001-12-01

    The residents of rural and regional Australia have less access to health care services than in capital cities. There is a reluctance of General Practitioners to practice in the country. New information technology and government initiatives are now addressing this problem. High bandwidth videoconferencing is now being routinely used to provide psychiatric consultations to areas without this service. But this (like many other implementations of telecommunication technologies to health) has resulted in loss of revenue to regional Australia while benefiting capital cities. Thus, the current implementation of telecommunication technology to health has resulted in loss of revenue of the regions while increasing the bias towards the cities. Further, the system is not economically viable and requires the Government to inject funds for the smooth operation of the system. This paper proposes the use of telecommunication technology for enabling the communities of regional Australia to access health facilities via physical and virtual clinics. The proposed technique is self supporting and is based in the country with the intent to prevent the drain of resources from regional Australia. The technique attempts to eradicate the problem at the root level by providing a business opportunity that is based in and to cater for the needs of the remote communities. The proposed system would provide health services by physical and virtual clinics and while serving the communities would be profit centres- and thus attracting doctors and other resources to the remote communities.

  15. The Importance of Localized Related Variety for International Diversification of Corporate Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dettmann, Eva; Lacasa, Iciar Dominguez; Günther, Jutta;

    2016-01-01

    The importance of localized related variety for international diversification of corporate technology, Regional Studies. Internationalization of research and development has increased substantially in recent years. This paper analyses the determinants of spatial distribution of foreign technologi......The importance of localized related variety for international diversification of corporate technology, Regional Studies. Internationalization of research and development has increased substantially in recent years. This paper analyses the determinants of spatial distribution of foreign...... technological activities. The estimations show that this is the case in regions characterized by a high overall technological strength. This suggests that related variety facilitates technological diversifications of foreign corporations in regions at the top of the geographic hierarchy...

  16. Effects of two new dryland farming technologies on growth and fruit bearing of pear jujube trees in hilly regions%两种新的旱作管理技术对山地梨枣树生长及结果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵霞; 汪有科; 刘守阳; 魏新光; 黎朋红

    2012-01-01

    Under the condition of non-irrigation, the 9 year-old pear-jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) trees [grafted on wild jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill, var. spinoaa ( Bungge) Hu ex H. F. Chow.) J was set as study material with different dryland fanning technologies, which included water-saving type pruning technology, bamboo-type poly ditch technology and conventional dwarf pruning. And, comparison was made of the effects of each treatment on vegetative growth and reproduction growth of pear jujube trees. The results showed that water-saving pruning and bamboo-type contour ditch, either singly or in combination, could increase significantly the growth leaf area, the area of each leaf and the content of chlorophyll. and increase significantly the number of bearing branchlets and number of flowers. Compared with the control, water-saving pruning (HL) could raise the yield by 83.14% . and bamboo-type poly ditch (CJ) could raise it by 38.44%, while treatment HJ, combined with the HL and CJ technologies, harvested the most and the yield was 155% of the control. In Loess hilly regions in Northern Shaanxi, under the condition of non-irrigation, the water-saving pruning technology could play a jruin positive role in raising pear jujube yield, especially combining the bamboo-type contour ditch technology.%以9a生梨枣树(Ziziphus jujuba Mill.)为试材,在无灌溉条件下,研究节水型修剪技术和竹节式聚水沟技术及常规矮化修剪技术(CK)对梨枣营养生长及生殖生长的影响.结果表明:节水型修剪与竹节武聚水沟技术的单独及联合应用,能有效提高叶面积增长量、梨枣单叶面积和叶绿素含量,有效提高枣吊个数和着花数量;与对照相比,节水型修剪技术可提高产量83.1%,竹节式聚水沟技术可提高产量38.4%,节水型修剪技术+竹节式聚水沟技术效果更好,产量可提高155%.综合分析认为在旱地无灌溉条件下的陕北黄土丘陵区,以节水型修剪树体管理

  17. [Seeing more : Technical innovations in regional anesthesia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiesmann, T; Steinfeldt, T; Volk, T; Schwemmer, U; Kessler, P; Wulf, H

    2014-11-01

    Visualization and verification are key factors since the implementation of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. This article reviews and discusses newer technical innovations in regional anesthesia with regard to optimization of needle guidance, improvements in needle visibility, technical improvements in ultrasound techniques and innovative technologies in regional anesthesia. Clinically available applications are presented as well as experimental tools and techniques with a potential for clinical implementation in the future. Mechanical needle guides are used to improve alignment of needle axis and ultrasound beam axis. Compound imaging technology improves needle visibility in steep needle insertion angles and is already implemented in daily clinical practice. Sonoelastography improves tissue discrimination and detection of small amounts of fluids. Benefits of 3D and 4D ultrasound in regional anesthesia are discussed as well as experimental tools for tissue discrimination, such as optical reflection spectrophotometry.

  18. Regional Test Center Operations Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stein, Joshua [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Burnham, Laurie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jones, Christian Birk [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-07-01

    The U.S. DOE Regional Test Center for Solar Technologies program was established to validate photovoltaic (PV) technologies installed in a range of different climates. The program is funded by the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative. The initiative seeks to make solar energy cost competitive with other forms of electricity by the end of the decade. Sandia National Laboratory currently manages four different sites across the country. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory manages a fifth site in Colorado. The entire PV portfolio currently includes 20 industry partners and almost 500 kW of installed systems. The program follows a defined process that outlines tasks, milestones, agreements, and deliverables. The process is broken out into four main parts: 1) planning and design, 2) installation, 3) operations, and 4) decommissioning. This operations manual defines the various elements of each part.

  19. QUBIC Technological Design Report

    CERN Document Server

    Aumont, J; Battaglia, P; Battistelli, E S; Baù, A; Bélier, B; Bennett, D; Bergé, L; Bernard, J Ph; Bersanelli, M; Bigot-Sazy, M A; Bleurvacq, N; Bordier, G; Brossard, J; Bunn, E F; Buzi, D; Buzzelli, A; Cammilleri, D; Cavaliere, F; Chanial, P; Chapron, C; Coppi, G; Coppolecchia, A; Couchot, F; D'Agostino, R; D'Alessandro, G; de Bernardis, P; De Gasperis, G; De Petris, M; Decourcelle, T; Del Torto, F; Dumoulin, L; Etchegoyen, A; Franceschet, C; Garcia, B; Gault, A; Gayer, D; Gervasi, M; Ghribi, A; Giard, M; Giraud-Héraud, Y; Gradziel, M; Grandsire, L; Hamilton, J Ch; Harari, D; Haynes, V; Henrot-Versillé, S; Holtzer, N; Kaplan, J; Korotkov, A; Lande, J; Loucatos, S; Lowitz, A; Lukovic, V; Maffei, B; Marnieros, S; Martino, J; Masi, S; Medina, M C; McCulloch, M; May, A; Melhuish, S; Mennella, A; Montier, L; Murphy, A; Néel, D; Ng, M W; O'Sullivan, C; Pajot, F; Passerini, A; Pelosi, A; Perbost, C; Perdereau, O; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Piccirillo, L; Pisano, G; Prêle, D; Puddu, R; Rambaud, D; Rigaut, O; Romero, G E; Salatino, M; Schillaci, A; Scully, S; Stolpovskiy, M; Tartari, A; Timbie, P; Tristram, M; Tucker, G; Viganò, D; Vittori, N; Voisin, F; Watson, B; Zannoni, M; Zullo, A

    2016-01-01

    QUBIC is an instrument aiming at measuring the B mode polarisation anisotropies at medium scales angular scales (30-200 multipoles). The search for the primordial CMB B-mode polarization signal is challenging, because of many difficulties: smallness of the expected signal, instrumental systematics that could possibly induce polarization leakage from the large E signal into B, brighter than anticipated polarized foregrounds (dust) reducing to zero the initial hope of finding sky regions clean enough to have a direct primordial B-modes observation. The QUBIC instrument is designed to address all aspects of this challenge with a novel kind of instrument, a Bolometric Interferometer, combining the background-limited sensitivity of Transition-Edge-Sensors and the control of systematics allowed by the observation of interference fringe patterns, while operating at two frequencies to disentangle polarized foregrounds from primordial B mode polarization. Its characteristics are described in details in this Technologi...

  20. Energy and technology review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poggio, A.J. (ed.)

    1988-10-01

    This issue of Energy and Technology Review contains: Neutron Penumbral Imaging of Laser-Fusion Targets--using our new penumbral-imaging diagnostic, we have obtained the first images that can be used to measure directly the deuterium-tritium burn region in laser-driven fusion targets; Computed Tomography for Nondestructive Evaluation--various computed tomography systems and computational techniques are used in nondestructive evaluation; Three-Dimensional Image Analysis for Studying Nuclear Chromatin Structure--we have developed an optic-electronic system for acquiring cross-sectional views of cell nuclei, and computer codes to analyze these images and reconstruct the three-dimensional structures they represent; Imaging in the Nuclear Test Program--advanced techniques produce images of unprecedented detail and resolution from Nevada Test Site data; and Computational X-Ray Holography--visible-light experiments and numerically simulated holograms test our ideas about an x-ray microscope for biological research.

  1. Residential market transformation: National and regional indicators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Wie McGrory, Laura L.; McNamara, Maureen; Suozzo, Margaret

    2000-06-01

    A variety of programs are underway to address market barriers to the adoption of energy-efficient residential technologies and practices. Most are administered by utilities, states, or regions that rely on the Energy Star as a consistent platform for program marketing and messaging. This paper reviews regional and national market transformation activities for three key residential end-uses -- air conditioning, clothes washing, and lighting -- characterizing current and ongoing programs; reporting on progress; identifying market indicators; and discussing implications.

  2. Assistance Focus: Asia/Pacific Region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2017-03-29

    The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial, helps countries throughout the world create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. Through the Solutions Center's no-cost 'Ask an Expert' service, a team of international experts has delivered assistance to countries in all regions of the world. High-impact examples from the Asia/Pacific region are featured here.

  3. Central Region Regionally Ecological Significant Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This is an analysis of regionally significant Terrestrial and Wetland Ecological Areas in the seven county metropolitan area. Individual forest, grassland and...

  4. Regional adaptive delaminating algorithm for rapid prototyping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Daosheng; SHI Yusheng; HUANG Shuhuai

    2005-01-01

    With the development of rapid prototyping (RP) technology, the contradiction between fabricating speed and precision becomes more and more acute. In order to solve the contradiction, a regional effective adaptive delaminating algorithm is proposed in this paper. It is different from the traditional method that the regional adaptive delaminating method divides slicing contours into several regions and adaptively delaminates in respective region only according to the contours information. Namely, this method can not only adaptively delaminate at different height of CAD model but also adaptively delaminate different regions in one slicing layer. Furthermore, because the two-dimensional contour data adopted in this method are necessary for rapid prototyping system, this regional effective adaptive delaminating method is suitable for all RP systems. A comparative study is used to analyze the effectiveness of this method, which can demonstrate that this method can increase the fabricating speed and reduce the running cost under the condition of ensuring fabricating precision.

  5. Regional competitiveness: The case of Western China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuković Darko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains the concept of regional competitiveness and the factors that influence on it. A large number of various authors explain this concept, based on its different aspects, including: productivity, mikroaspekts (firm, quality of human capital, innovation, technology, infrastructure, social capital, etc.. Taking into account complex nature of regional competitiveness, it is difficult to determine a standard definition of this term. The second part of this paper refers to the case of western China. Substantial disparity in regional development is a reality in every geographically large country, and the causes of the disparity are numerous and complex. Regional inequality has been an important issue in China. This paper generally summarized China's Western regions geography, government policies and development situation. The authors put forward some practical strategies on how to help the western regions create a favorable environment to attract national and international investment.

  6. The geography of innovation : challenge to technology policy within regions

    OpenAIRE

    Fadairo, Muriel; Massard, Nadine

    2009-01-01

    The "Geography of Innovation" is based on the desire to give empirical foundations to the explanations behind the pronounced spatial polarisation of the innovation activities. It focuses on an attempt to measure the spatial dimension of knowledge externalities, in order to reveal their role in the organisation of research systems. The aim of this paper is to survey this empirical literature in order to highlight the main results interesting for the innovation policy. This analysis emphasises ...

  7. Stormy Waters: Technology, Sea Control and Regional Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    Singapore (6), Ecuador (6) and Peru (6). The primary builders of corvettes are Russia, Italy, South Korea and the United States while several...boats and fields twelve modern diesel- electrics. Peru, Chile and Argentina all have very capable diesel-electrics and Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela...sweeping operations were begun. In spite of extensive clearing operations, two tankers (Bridgeton and Texaco Caribbean) and an American warship (USS

  8. Transient Region Coverage in the Propulsion IVHM Technology Experiment

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Over the last several years researchers at NASA Glenn and Ames Research Centers have developed a real-time fault detection and isolation system for propulsion...

  9. Technology-Supported Learning Environments in Science Classrooms in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Adit; Fisher, Darrell

    2012-01-01

    The adoption of technology has created a major impact in the field of education at all levels. Technology-supported classroom learning environments, involving modern information and communication technologies, are also entering the Indian educational system in general and the schools in Jammu region (Jammu & Kashmir State, India) in particular.…

  10. Texas Public School Technology Survey, 1988. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denton, Jon; Davis, Trina; Strader, Arlen; Jessup, George

    The Texas Association of School Administrators (TASA) with technical support from the South Central Regional Technology in Education Consortia-Texas (SCR*TEC-TX) conducted a survey of the technology infrastructure in all public schools in Texas. This document provides the final report of the 1998 Texas Public School Technology Survey. Following…

  11. Technology-Supported Learning Environments in Science Classrooms in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Adit; Fisher, Darrell

    2012-01-01

    The adoption of technology has created a major impact in the field of education at all levels. Technology-supported classroom learning environments, involving modern information and communication technologies, are also entering the Indian educational system in general and the schools in Jammu region (Jammu & Kashmir State, India) in…

  12. A model technology transfer program for independent operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoeling, L.G.

    1996-08-01

    In August 1992, the Energy Research Center (ERC) at the University of Kansas was awarded a contract by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a technology transfer regional model. This report describes the development and testing of the Kansas Technology Transfer Model (KTTM) which is to be utilized as a regional model for the development of other technology transfer programs for independent operators throughout oil-producing regions in the US. It describes the linkage of the regional model with a proposed national technology transfer plan, an evaluation technique for improving and assessing the model, and the methodology which makes it adaptable on a regional basis. The report also describes management concepts helpful in managing a technology transfer program.

  13. 技术进步偏向性及其收入分配效应:来自地区面板数据的分位数回归%Biased Technological Progress and Its Income Distribution Effects:Based on Quantile Regression by Using the Regional Panel Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王林辉; 赵景

    2015-01-01

    At present,the decline in labor income share becomes universal phenomenon, numerous lit⁃eratures aiming to explain it are confined to the perspectives of the structural transformation of the economy and trade and technology, with limited universal adaptability and explanatory ability, and are ignoring biased technology progress influence on labor income share.This paper uses the three equation standardization system method to measure biased technology progress, and analyzes the in⁃come distribution effects of technological progress through quantile regression by using regional panel data.The results show that: the trend of regional technology progress bias converges to national trend, appears capital biased technical progress on the average, which means the technical progress is more advantageous to improve the marginal output of capital. Results on panel quantile regression show that: biased technical progress has obvious depressant effect on labor income share, the more techni⁃cal progress biased towards the capital, the more capital income share can be promoted, and labor in⁃come status can be worse. At the same time, in the different quantiles of labor income share, the in⁃come distribution effects of technical progress are different, before reaching the 50% quantiles, the lower the labor income share, the stronger the inhibiting effect of technical progress bias on labor in⁃come share, and with the rise of labor incomes, the inhibiting effect will continue to weaken. Mean⁃while, influenced by technical progress itself and factor endowments structure and regional economic environment, income distribution effect of biased technical progress also appears to regional differences.%劳动收入占比下降成为世界范围内的普遍现象,大量文献从经济结构转型、国际贸易和技术进步视角解释,其普适性和解释力度有限,且忽视技术进步方向变化对劳动收入分配的影响。文章采用三方程标准化

  14. Study on natural ventilation technology of large space prefabricated buildings in typical climatic areas of Jiangsu coastal region%江苏沿海典型气候区大空间建筑自然通风技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进; 钮彬

    2016-01-01

    In order to explore natural ventilation technology suitable to large space prefabricated build-ings in Jiangsu coastal regions,this paper analyzes the current situation and problems of study on natural ventilation technology of large space prefabricated buildings at home and abroad,and carries out analysis taking one opera house in Yancheng city as an example of prefabricated building.Results show that while the building plane is axisymmetric,the best length ratio of east,west,south and north is 5:5:1:3 ,which makes the building long and narrow to be a trapezoid.The technique makes less difference of distances to the left and right and air comfort.On the curved walls,air windows are set on the side of the middle axle.The open space and the form of large space building plane are suitable to typical climatic areas of Jiangsu coastal region.%为了探索适合江苏沿海地区大空间装配式建筑自然通风技术,分析了国内外大空间建筑自然通风技术的研究现状和存在的问题,并以盐城某歌剧院建筑实例进行分析。结果表明:建筑物平面呈中轴对称时,东西南北向的长度比约为5:5:1:3为佳,使得整个建筑物又长又窄,成一个梯形。这种手法会让左右两边的距离差别少,空气舒适度差别不大。在曲面墙体上,位于其中轴位置一侧设有通风窗,这种空间开放度和大空间建筑平面形式适合江苏沿海典型气候区。

  15. GIS, Information Technology and Spatial Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Maier

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available  Geographic information systems have been introduced local and regional planning several stages. They have influenced the technique of planning but only to a lesser extent the procedures of planning and the methodology of plan-making. More recently, information technology has challenged the whole concept of planning as an expert-and-government interplay. However, legal frameworks have not reflected the substantial change in the potentials of the technology.Any effort to reflect the new technology will face not only institutional inertia but increasingly also the human capacity of users of planning (i.e., decision-makers, administrators, stakeholders, namely the limited extent of overall IT literacy, which restricts the possible benefits of the technology. The dimension of access to and empowerment in planning may reappear in the context of new technologies, with new professional requirements for planners, beyond the computer, GIS and information technology.

  16. Aplicación de la Tecnología SIG para la representación de información climática marina en el Atlántico Sur Application Of Gis Technology For The Representation Of Climate Marine Information In The South Atlantic Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa C. Nuré

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta una aplicación de la tecnología de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG a las bases de datos de información meteorológica marina generadas en función de procedimientos estadísticos recomendados por la Organización Meteorológica Mundial para la elaboración de Resúmenes Climáticos Marinos. Este SIG permite una visualización dinámica de valores extremos y frecuencias en forma de mapas, tablas y gráficos, tanto temporales como espaciales, así como de la distribución de las observaciones meteorológicas marinas en el Océano Atlántico Sudoccidental. La información climática regional marina elaborada utilizando esta tecnología, es de interés para toda ciencia o disciplina relacionada con el medio ambiente y constituye un valioso soporte para la planificación de tareas en el ámbito de la seguridad náutica, tanto para el Servicio de Hidrografía Naval como para otras instituciones que desarrollen actividades afines.This article shows a Geographic Information Systems (GIS application to marine climatic information data bases. These data bases are created following the World Meteorological Organization recommendations for applying statistical procedures to marine observations in order to elaborate Marine Climatic Summaries. This GIS allows a dynamic visualization of maps, tables and graphics showing extreme values and frequencies of meteorological variables in time and space as well as the marine meteorological observations distribution over the South Atlantic Ocean. The regional climatic marine information obtained using this technology, will be a useful tool for environmental related disciplines and, it will be also of valuable support for the safety of naval operations.

  17. Excimer Laser Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Basting, Dirk

    2005-01-01

    This comprehensive survey on Excimer Lasers investigates the current range of the technology, applications and devices of this commonly used laser source, as well as the future of new technologies, such as F2 laser technology. Additional chapters on optics, devices and laser systems complete this compact handbook. A must read for laser technology students, process application researchers, engineers or anyone interested in excimer laser technology. An effective and understandable introduction to the current and future status of excimer laser technology.

  18. Technology transfer by multinationals

    OpenAIRE

    Kostyantyn Zuzik

    2003-01-01

    The paper analyses the issue of technology transfer by multinational corporations. The following questions are explored: (a) world market of technologies, the role of MNCs (b) Choice of the technology transfer mode, Dunning's OLI-theory as a factor of the choice of the mode of transfer (c) measurement and profitability of technology transfer (d) transfer of technology through partnerships, JVs, alliances and through M&As (e) aspects of technology transfer by services multinationals. Paper uti...

  19. Technology transfer by multinationals

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    The paper analyses the issue of technology transfer by multinational corporations. The following questions are explored: (a) world market of technologies, the role of MNCs (b) Choice of the technology transfer mode, Dunning's OLI-theory as a factor of the choice of the mode of transfer (c) measurement and profitability of technology transfer (d) transfer of technology through partnerships, JVs, alliances and through M&As (e) aspects of technology transfer by services multinationals. Paper uti...

  20. The Role of University Education in the Aarhus Region, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreisler, Poul

    2006-01-01

    The idea 'Towards Entrepreneurial Regions' is driven by hopes for higher regional competitiveness,dynamics,openness and diversity. Thus the topic reaches beyond economic and technological dimensions, comprising also the cultural and social spheres as matters of regional identity, capital, distinc......The idea 'Towards Entrepreneurial Regions' is driven by hopes for higher regional competitiveness,dynamics,openness and diversity. Thus the topic reaches beyond economic and technological dimensions, comprising also the cultural and social spheres as matters of regional identity, capital......, distinctiveness and attractiveness. Mere technological approaches often remained superficial. The entrepreneurial perspective shows how important it will be to develop systems in which the development of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial competences is integrated....

  1. The Role of University Education in the Aarhus Region, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreisler, Poul

    2006-01-01

    The idea 'Towards Entrepreneurial Regions' is driven by hopes for higher regional competitiveness,dynamics,openness and diversity. Thus the topic reaches beyond economic and technological dimensions, comprising also the cultural and social spheres as matters of regional identity, capital, distinc......The idea 'Towards Entrepreneurial Regions' is driven by hopes for higher regional competitiveness,dynamics,openness and diversity. Thus the topic reaches beyond economic and technological dimensions, comprising also the cultural and social spheres as matters of regional identity, capital......, distinctiveness and attractiveness. Mere technological approaches often remained superficial. The entrepreneurial perspective shows how important it will be to develop systems in which the development of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial competences is integrated....

  2. The Regional Dimension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskjær, Mikkel Fugl

    2013-01-01

    is largely dependent on regional media systems, yet the role this regional dimension plays has been largely overlooked. This article presents a comparative study of climate-change coverage in three geo-cultural regions, The Middle East, Scandinavia, and North America, and explores the link between global...... climate-change communication and regional media systems. It finds that regional variations in climate-change communication carry important communicative implications concerning perceptions of climate change's relevance and urgency...

  3. EVALUATING FUNCTIONAL REGIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samo Drobne

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper, we suggest an approach to evaluate the number and composition of functional regions. Suggested approach is based on basic characteristics of functional regions, that are (1 more intensive intra-regional than the inter-regional interactions and (2 internal social and economic heterogeneity. Those characteristics are measured by factors estimated in spatial interaction model. The approach to evaluate functional regions was applied to Slovenia for three time periods.

  4. A Regional Bibliographic Database on Videodisc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Alfred L.

    1985-01-01

    Provides description of the initial creation of a regional union catalog containing 600,000 unique titles and 1.8 million physical items, the conversion of this database to interactive laserdisc, and the resultant advantages. Updates, costs, problems, and the application of laserdisc technology are discussed. (EJS)

  5. Production rates of major regional Floras

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Polhill, R.M.

    1989-01-01

    The ambitious programme of major regional Floras for developing countries initiated in the late 1940’s to 1960’s is now mostly under serious reappraisal because of the slow rates of progress, coupled with political changes, financial restrictions and evolving technology. From our present viewpoint i

  6. Water Innovation and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Water technologies are a specific sector that EPA works to address through the water technology cluster, aging infrastructure research, green infrastructure, and major industry meetings such as WEFTEC.

  7. Morgantown Energy Technology Center, technology summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-06-01

    This document has been prepared by the DOE Environmental Management (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) to highlight its research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation activities funded through the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC). Technologies and processes described have the potential to enhance DOE`s cleanup and waste management efforts, as well as improve US industry`s competitiveness in global environmental markets. METC`s R&D programs are focused on commercialization of technologies that will be carried out in the private sector. META has solicited two PRDAs for EM. The first, in the area of groundwater and soil technologies, resulted in twenty-one contact awards to private sector and university technology developers. The second PRDA solicited novel decontamination and decommissioning technologies and resulted in eighteen contract awards. In addition to the PRDAs, METC solicited the first EM ROA in 1993. The ROA solicited research in a broad range of EM-related topics including in situ remediation, characterization, sensors, and monitoring technologies, efficient separation technologies, mixed waste treatment technologies, and robotics. This document describes these technology development activities.

  8. Assistance Focus: Asia/Pacific Region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2017-05-22

    The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial, helps countries throughout the world create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. Through the Solutions Center's no-cost 'Ask an Expert' service, a team of international experts has delivered assistance to countries in all regions of the world, including nearly 30 countries in the Asia/Pacific region. This document highlights a few examples of the Solutions Center's work in the region.

  9. Comparison of Temperature Field Distribution between Cement Preclinkering Technology and Cement Precalcining Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Xun; WANG Lan

    2016-01-01

    Through the comparison of calcination conditions between cement preclinkering technology and cement precalcining technology, we studied the characteristics of temperature ifeld distribution of cement preclinkering technology systems including cyclone preheater, preclinkering furnace, and rotary kiln. We used numerical simulation method to obtain data of temperature ifeld distribution.Some results are found by system study. The ratio of tail coal of cement preclinkering technology is about 70%, and raw meal temperature can reach 1070℃. ShorterL/D kiln type of preclinkering technology can obtain more stable calcining zone temperature. The highest solid temperature of cement preclinkering technology is higher than 80℃, and high temperature region (>1450℃) length is 2 times, which is beneifcial for calcining clinker and higher clinker quality. So cement preclinkering technology can obtain more performance temperature ifled, which improves both the solid-phase reaction and liquid-phase reaction.

  10. The Politics of City Regions in Comparative Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Kantor; H.V. Savitch

    2010-01-01

    An age of the urban regionalism has arrived. Postindustrial capitalism is evolving in ways that give renewed importance to city regions. New forms of economic interdependence, the rise of specialized flexible production, the spread of new technologies, and other factors are making the city region a prominent node in today’s globalized economy. Although governments at all levels have been responding to manage this reality, political intervention remains a contentious matter because regional ec...

  11. Key energy technologies for Europe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holst Joergensen, Birte

    2005-09-01

    The report is part of the work undertaken by the High-Level Expert Group to prepare a report on emerging science and technology trends and the implications for EU and Member State research policies. The outline of the report is: 1) In the introductory section, energy technologies are defined and for analytical reasons further narrowed down; 2) The description of the socio-economic challenges facing Europe in the energy field is based on the analysis made by the International Energy Agency going back to 1970 and with forecasts to 2030. Both the world situation and the European situation are described. This section also contains an overview of the main EU policy responses to energy. Both EU energy R and D as well as Member State energy R and D resources are described in view of international efforts; 3) The description of the science and technology base is made for selected energy technologies, including energy efficiency, biomass, hydrogen, and fuel cells, photovoltaics, clean fossil fuel technologies and CO{sub 2} capture and storage, nuclear fission and fusion. When possible, a SWOT is made for each technology and finally summarised; 4) The forward look highlights some of the key problems and uncertainties related to the future energy situation. Examples of recent energy foresights are given, including national energy foresights in Sweden and the UK as well as links to a number of regional and national foresights and roadmaps; 5) Appendix 1 contains a short description of key international organisations dealing with energy technologies and energy research. (ln)

  12. Fundamentals of technology roadmapping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, M.L.; Bray, O.H.

    1997-04-01

    Technology planning is important for many reasons. Globally, companies are facing many competitive problems. Technology roadmapping, a form of technology planning can help deal with this increasingly competitive environment. While it has been used by some companies and industries, the focus has always been on the technology roadmap as a product, not on the process. This report focuses on formalizing the process so that it can be more broadly and easily used. As a DOE national security laboratory with R&D as a major product, Sandia must do effective technology planning to identify and develop the technologies required to meet its national security mission. Once identified, technology enhancements or new technologies may be developed internally or collaboratively with external partners. For either approach, technology roadmapping, as described in this report, is an effective tool for technology planning and coordination, which fits within a broader set of planning activities. This report, the second in a series on technology roadmapping, develops and documents this technology roadmapping process, which can be used by Sandia, other national labs, universities, and industry. The main benefit of technology roadmapping is that it provides information to make better technology investment decisions by identifying critical technologies and technology gaps and identifying ways to leverage R&D investments. It can also be used as a marketing tool. Technology roadmapping is critical when the technology investment decision is not straight forward. This occurs when it is not clear which alternative to pursue, how quickly the technology is needed, or when there is a need to coordinate the development of multiple technologies. The technology roadmapping process consists of three phases - preliminary activity, development of the technology roadmap, and follow-up activity.

  13. Regional Alternative Transportation Evaluation, Region 6

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Region 6 (Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming) RATE found that visitors to many stations enjoy activities that...

  14. Renewable Energy: Markets and Prospects by Regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This information paper accompanies the IEA publication Deploying Renewables 2011: Best and Future Policy Practice (IEA, 2011a). It provides more detailed data and analysis on policies for Deploying Renewables and is intended to complement the main publication. This information paper provides an in-depth account of the regional markets and policy trends in all six focus regions; 56 countries in total. Each region is discussed with regards to: recent market developments in the electricity, heat and transport sector; policy developments; IEA projections; an analysis of the mid-term (2030) potential of renewable energy technologies in these regions; and an analysis of the strategic drivers underpinning the deployment of RE in each region.

  15. New Normal in Russian Economy: Regional Specificity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakov Petrovich Silin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the article is to study the concepts of “New Normal”, “New Industrialization” and the questions of formation and development of the productions of the fifth and sixth technological modes in the regional economic area. Substantive expansion of “New Normal” concept was argued, it became popular during the global financial and economic crisis of 2008. The logic of transformation to a “New Normal” is true not only for the world economy, individual countries and regions, but also for the Sverdlovsk region. The scientific hypothesis of the article consists in the identifying the characteristics of “New Normal” at the regional level and showing the possible directions of transformation from a «New Normal” situation using the concept of new industrialization for the regional economy. The main features of “New Normal” in the region were identified and analyzed. There are, for example, the slow growth of industrial production, the reducing of the investment climate, the low dynamics of metal prices. It is proved that the realization of the concept of new industrialization in the region can become the most attractive answer to the challenges of «New Normal». The need for the integration of the processes of new industrialization with the formation and development of the productions of the fifth and sixth technological waves is proved. The article is focused on the possibility of the transformation of the Sverdlovsk region in the region of the technological breakthrough of the 21st century. It is demonstrated that during 15–20 years, the priority will be the development of the productions of the fifth and sixth technological waves that will be based on the high-tech production of military-industrial complex, nuclear energy as well as nanotechnology and nanomaterials. It is proved that at this time, the model of innovative development of the region may be realized. It is able to lead the regional economy

  16. Regional Open Innovation Roadmapping: A New Framework for Innovation-Based Regional Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wim Schwerdtner

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available To foster sustainable regional development, many regions rely on innovations. To safeguard the generation of innovations and their market introduction, companies have increasingly used technology roadmapping and open innovation. The project INNOrural (Innovations for sustainable rural development expanded these concepts by applying them to regions. This led to the rise of the “Regional Open Innovation Roadmapping” framework for innovation-based regional development (ROIR. This framework was tested by conducting two innovation roadmapping processes in the model region of Märkisch-Oderland (MOL, Germany: the certification of regional wood fuel and the establishment of a competence center for precision farming technology. Both innovation ideas were selected during the roadmapping process by applying a sustainability assessment. After 12 months, two complete roadmaps were ready for implementation. Key principles of ROIR were identified, including the use of a clear and replicable sustainability assessment method, the involvement of all relevant stakeholder groups in the early process and the cooperation between regional and subject experts. Generally, the broader adaptation of ROIR for additional regions will be useful. Nevertheless, the ROIR processes need to be evaluated in depth to develop a better understanding and to provide evidence of the benefits and limitations of this approach.

  17. Marketing technology in macroeconomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamegawa, Kenichi

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we incorporate a marketing technology into a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model by assuming a matching friction for consumption. An improvement in matching can be interpreted as an increase in matching technology, which we call marketing technology because of similar properties. Using a simulation analysis, we confirm that a positive matching technology shock can increase output and consumption.

  18. Educational Technology in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meifeng, Liu; Jinjiao, Lv; Cui, Kang

    2010-01-01

    This paper elaborates the two different academic views of the identity of educational technology in China at the current time--advanced-technology-oriented cognition, known as Electrifying Education, and problem-solving-oriented cognition, known as Educational Technology. It addresses five main modes of educational technology in China: as a…

  19. Marketing technologically advanced products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bender, Horst

    1989-01-01

    This paper calls for a merger of technology and marketing under a customer value perspective; for an enhancement of the traditional technological innovation orientation of the technology-based firm with a market thrust. It establishes technology-based products as product-service offerings that are d

  20. Emerging technology and ethics

    CERN Document Server

    Wakunuma, Kutoma

    2011-01-01

    This e-book on Emerging Technologies and Ethics includes a collection of essays which explore the future and ethics of emerging information and communication technologies. Articles in the collection include an overview of the legal implications which may be relevant to the ethical aspects of emerging technologies and also ethical issues arising from the mass-take up of mobile technologies.