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Sample records for technology afit library

  1. Mobile technologies for every library

    CERN Document Server

    Gleason, Ann Whitney

    2015-01-01

    If you are wondering what mobile technology adoption means for your library or how to get started, Mobile Technologies for Every Library will answer your questions! This book will detail the opportunities and pitfalls in using mobile technology in libraries. It will also address platforms, options, security, and best practices for starting new mobile services programs or improving existing services. Gleason previews many useful apps for libraries. Web links and resources are also included.

  2. School Libraries and Information Technology . 1

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed El Hady El Darhoby

    2005-01-01

    The First part of a study about school libraries in information technology age, this part deals the concept of school library, and the different between traditional libraries and comprehensive libraries, and offer the new trends of comprehensive libraries in information technology.

  3. Fiber Optics and Library Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koenig, Michael

    1984-01-01

    This article examines fiber optic technology, explains some of the key terminology, and speculates about the way fiber optics will change our world. Applications of fiber optics to library systems in three major areas--linkage of a number of mainframe computers, local area networks, and main trunk communications--are highlighted. (EJS)

  4. Wyoming: Open Range for Library Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maul, Helen Meadors

    1996-01-01

    Describes the development of library technology and the need for telecommunications in a state with a lack of population density. Topics include the state library's role; shared library resources and library networks; government information; the Wyoming State Home Page on the World Wide Web; Ariel software; network coordinating; and central…

  5. Technology and the contemporary library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Reed

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available There are many challenges provided by contemporary higher education (HE that impact all aspects and services provided. This article considers some of the challenges and developments in HE that might be reflected in, and impact upon, the library service. New challenges have been created by developments in technology. Massive open online courses (MOOCs have shone a spotlight onto the university, leading it to open up access to content and resources. The buildings that maintain very traditional ideologies are evolving, as are the services they provide. As today’s students meander through their university life, we seek to understand them and their motives in greater detail. The author discusses these issues and focuses on people, on technology and on partnership.

  6. How To Host a Library Technology Fair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudin, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Describes how the Northwestern State University library organized a successful technology fair that focused on the library and campus technology. Discusses reasons for organizing the fair, including the introduction of new workstations; academic department participation; vendor participation; marketing strategies and communication; and student…

  7. Digital libraries: A testbed for multimedia technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHUANG Yue-ting

    2005-01-01

    A distinguishing feature of a digital library is that it has Terabyte volumes of multimedia resources. One challenge for researchers in the field of multimedia is to find a testbed for showing the potentials of multimedia technologies such as video summarization, semantic annotation, multimedia cross indexing and retrieval, and etc. Deeper research and wider applications of digital libraries revealed their indispensable role as testbed for multimedia technologies. This paper presents challenging issues of some key techniques used in digital libraries and their specific needs for multimedia technologies.

  8. Educational technologies in health sciences libraries: teaching technology skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurst, Emily J

    2014-01-01

    As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many librarians. To appeal to their users, many health sciences librarians are interested in developing technology-based classes. This column explores the question: what skills are necessary for developing and teaching technology in an academic health sciences library setting?

  9. Information Technology Investments in Research Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblatt, Susan

    1999-01-01

    Examines investments that will ensure that library information technology (IT) meets future academic needs. Looks back on the introduction of IT to research libraries. Assesses outcomes of IT investments in terms of cost and service benefits, and then focuses on developing new service models. (AEF)

  10. Building the Digital Branch A Library Technology Report

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    King, David Lee

    2009-01-01

    This issue of Library Technology Reports explores the idea of the digital branch-a library website that is a vital, functional resource for patrons and enhances the library's place within its community.

  11. DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY

    OpenAIRE

    T. RAGHUNADHA REDDY

    2012-01-01

    With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

  12. Applying the Critical Theory of Library Technology to Distance Library Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brumfield, Elizabeth Jean

    2010-01-01

    The re-envisioning of libraries as information leaders in higher education requires an examination of the decisions made in the acquisition and adoption of library technology. The Critical Theory of Library Technology offers a framework for viewing technology decisions through a social, economic and political perspective. This paper uses the…

  13. Applying the Critical Theory of Library Technology to Distance Library Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brumfield, Elizabeth Jean

    2010-01-01

    The re-envisioning of libraries as information leaders in higher education requires an examination of the decisions made in the acquisition and adoption of library technology. The Critical Theory of Library Technology offers a framework for viewing technology decisions through a social, economic and political perspective. This paper uses the…

  14. Library Use in the Science and Technology Libraries, Spring Semester, 1983. RB-83-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Linda T.; Holahan, Carole K.

    A library survey was conducted during February 1983 to ascertain the characteristics of the user population, user needs, and user satisfaction with library services in five science and technology libraries at the University of Texas at Austin, including the chemistry, engineering, geology, physics-mathematics-astronomy, and science libraries. A…

  15. The National Resource Library for Science and Technology in Sweden: A Nordic model of cooperating technology libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagar, Gunnar

    1994-01-01

    The scope of this presentation is to give a state-of-the-art report on the present situation of Nordic technology libraries, to elaborate on a plan for national resource libraries in Sweden, and to share how the Royal Institute of Technology Library in Stockholm (KTHB) has fostered a network of cooperating libraries in order to optimize government funding for the system of resource libraries.

  16. DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. RAGHUNADHA REDDY

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

  17. Analyzing the next-generation catalog a library technology report

    CERN Document Server

    Nagy, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    his issue of ""Library Technology Reports"" analyzes five different academic libraries to better understand their investments, detailing the outcome thus far and drawing conclusions about the next-generation catalog.

  18. Implementing PDA technology in a medical library: experiences in a hospital library and an academic medical center library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgen, Evelyn Breck

    2003-01-01

    Personal digital assistants (PDAs) have grown from being a novelty in the late 1990s to an essential tool for healthcare professionals in the 2000s. This paper describes the experiences of a librarian who implemented PDA technology first in a hospital library, and then at an academic medical center library. It focuses on the role of the library in supporting PDA technology and resources. Included are programmatic issues such as training for library staff and clinicians, and technical issues such as Palm and Windows operating systems. This model could be used in either a hospital or academic health sciences library.

  19. School Library Media Specialists Inform Technology Preparation of Library Science Students: An Evidence-Based Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Donna L.; Miller, Andrea L.

    2009-01-01

    What is the relative importance of current and emerging technologies in school library media programs? In order to answer this question, in Fall 2007 the authors administered a survey to 1,053 school library media specialists (SLMSs) throughout the state of Pennsylvania. As a part of the MSLS degree with Library Science K-12 certification, Clarion…

  20. RFID Technology Implementation in Two Libraries in New Delhi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhusudhan, Margam

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the use and implementation of RFID technology at the Indian Law Institute Library and National Social Science Documentation Centre Library, New Delhi. Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted at the two libraries, using a structured questionnaire comprising 20 questions. Findings: It was…

  1. RFID Technology Implementation in Two Libraries in New Delhi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhusudhan, Margam

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the use and implementation of RFID technology at the Indian Law Institute Library and National Social Science Documentation Centre Library, New Delhi. Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted at the two libraries, using a structured questionnaire comprising 20 questions. Findings: It was…

  2. Shock Waves Science and Technology Library

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    This book, as a volume of the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, is primarily concerned with the fundamental theory of detonation physics in gaseous and condensed phase reactive media. The detonation process involves complex chemical reaction and fluid dynamics, accompanied by intricate effects of heat, light, electricity and magnetism - a contemporary research field that has found wide applications in propulsion and power, hazard prevention as well as military engineering. The seven extensive chapters contained in this volume are: - Chemical Equilibrium Detonation (S. Bastea and LE Fried) - Steady One-Dimensional Detonations (A Higgins) - Detonation Instability (HD Ng and F Zhang) - Dynamic Parameters of Detonation (AA Vasiliev) - Multi-Scaled Cellular Detonation (D Desbordes and HN Presles) - Condensed Matter Detonation: Theory and Practice (C Tarver) - Theory of Detonation Shock Dynamics (JB Bdzil and DS Stewart) The chapters are thematically interrelated in a systematic descriptive appro...

  3. Shock wave science and technology reference library

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This book, as a volume of the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, is primarily concerned with detonation waves or compression shock waves in reactive heterogeneous media, including mixtures of solid, liquid and gas phases. The topics involve a variety of energy release and control processes in such media - a contemporary research field that has found wide applications in propulsion and power, hazard prevention as well as military engineering. The six extensive chapters contained in this volume are: - Spray Detonation (SB Murray and PA Thibault) - Detonation of Gas-Particle Flow (F Zhang) - Slurry Detonation (DL Frost and F Zhang) - Detonation of Metalized Composite Explosives (MF Gogulya and MA Brazhnikov) - Shock-Induced Solid-Solid Reactions and Detonations (YA Gordopolov, SS Batsanov, and VS Trofimov) - Shock Ignition of Particles (SM Frolov and AV Fedorov) Each chapter is self-contained and can be read independently of the others, though, they are thematically interrelated. They offer a t...

  4. Shock wave science and technology reference library

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    This book is the second of several volumes on solids in the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library. These volumes are primarily concerned with high-pressure shock waves in solid media, including detonation and high-velocity impact and penetration events. Of the four extensive chapters in this volume, the first two describe the reactive behavior of condensed phase explosives, - Condensed-Phase Explosives: Shock Initiation and Detonation Phenomena (SA Sheffield and R Engelke) - First Principles Molecular Simulations of Energetic Materials at High-Pressures (F Zhang, S Alavi, and TK Woo), and the remaining two discuss the inert, mechanical response of solid materials. - Combined Compression and Shear Plane Waves (ZP Tang and JB Aidun), and - Dynamic Fragmentation of Solids (D Grady). All chapters are each self-contained, and can be read independently of each other. They offer a timely reference, for beginners as well as professional scientists and engineers, on the foundations of detonation phenomen...

  5. MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR MODERN LIBRARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. M. Drozd

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The results of upgrading Automated Library Information System BIT-2000u at the Y. KolasCentral Science Library of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus by means of RFIDtechnologies are considered.

  6. Current Technology Trends for School Library Media Specialists

    OpenAIRE

    Leticia Ekhaml; Joan Hubbard

    2003-01-01

    An overview of some of the current technology trends used in classroom instruction and school library media centers in provided in this article such as the use of handheld electronic organizers, CD recorders, digital video cameras, and interactive whiteboards. The article offers some suggestions or ideas on how to acquire new technologies to school library media centers that are low in budgetary funds.

  7. Science and Technology Libraries Partnering with Knovel

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatt, Jay W.; Paulsen, W. Charles; Dunn, Lisa G; Van Epps, Amy S

    2005-01-01

    The engineering library plays a critical role in initiating and maintaining the conduit between vendors of engineering information and the users of that information—faculty, students, and researchers. Likewise, vendors play a key role in supporting library and faculty efforts to promote engineering information resources, beyond just supplying content and interface. Engineering libraries and vendors can effectively work together to get the most from electronic engineering resources for both ...

  8. Science and Technology Libraries Partnering with Knovel

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatt, Jay W.; Paulsen, W. Charles; Dunn, Lisa G.; Van Epps, Amy S.

    2005-01-01

    The engineering library plays a critical role in initiating and maintaining the conduit between vendors of engineering information and the users of that information—faculty, students, and researchers. Likewise, vendors play a key role in supporting library and faculty efforts to promote engineering information resources, beyond just supplying content and interface. Engineering libraries and vendors can effectively work together to get the most from electronic engineering resources for both ...

  9. Web 2.0 and libraries impacts, technologies and trends

    CERN Document Server

    Parkes, Dave

    2010-01-01

    In a world where computing power, ubiquity and connectivity create powerful new ways to facilitate learning, this book examines how librarians and information professionals can utilize emerging technologies to expand service and resource delivery. With contributions from leading professionals, including lecturers, librarians and e-learning technologists, this bookl explores strategic approaches for effectively implementing, living with, and managing revolutionary technological change in libraries.Explores the impact of the social and technological aspects of Web 2.0 on librarie

  10. Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajab Abd al-Hamed

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

  11. IFLA General Conference, 1985. Division on Special Libraries. Section on Science and Technology Libraries. Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

    Papers on science and technology libraries which were presented at the 1985 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "UAP (Universal Availability of Publications) and User Training for Categories of Grey Literature" (Dieter Schmidmaier, Mining Academy Freiberg, East Germany); (2) "Resource…

  12. Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Kishore Kumar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly attractive choices which is challenged by both growth inthe size of the indexed document collection, new features and most prominently usage. With thepurpose of applying Cloud Computing to university library, the paper describes the currentstatus of user service models in university libraries. Then it proposed to improve current userservice model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores some of the security issuessurrounding data location, mobility and availability.

  13. Digital Library of Expert System Based at Indonesia Technology University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Digital library is a very interesting phenomenon in the world of libraries. In this era of globalization, the digital library is needed by students, faculty, and the community in the search for quick reference through internet access, so that students, faculty, and the community does not have to come directly to the library. Accessing collections of digital libraries can also be done anytime and anywhere. Digital Library development also occurred at Indonesia Technology University. That University offers a digital library based of expert system. The concept of digital library is utilizing science expert system in the process of cataloging and searching digital collections. By using this digital library based of expert system, users can search the collection, reading collection, and download the desired collection by online system. The digital library based of expert system at Indonesia Technology University is built using the PHP programming language, MySQL database as a data base management system, and developed the method of forward chaining and backward chaining as inference engine.

  14. Implications of Information Technology on the Training of Library ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Library and Information Science Education is imparted through distance education .... social media, web design and development, etc. .... only six deal with information technology, focusing on the fields of telecommunication, information.

  15. Emerging Technologies: Applications and Implications for School Library Media Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craver, Kathleen W.

    This paper examines emerging information technologies and their implications for school library media centers. Because of the fluctuating situation regarding new innovations, only emerging technologies that specialists believe will occur within the next 5 to 10 years are discussed. For each technology mentioned, a brief description is given…

  16. Current Technology Trends for School Library Media Specialists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Ekhaml

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available An overview of some of the current technology trends used in classroom instruction and school library media centers in provided in this article such as the use of handheld electronic organizers, CD recorders, digital video cameras, and interactive whiteboards. The article offers some suggestions or ideas on how to acquire new technologies to school library media centers that are low in budgetary funds.

  17. Application on Internet of Things Technology Using in Library Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xueqing; Sheng, Wenwen

    Following the computer, Internet and mobile communication network, the Internet of Things (IOT) will bring a new development of information industry, and moreover is a global technology revolution that is bound to have a profound impact on the economic development and social life. This paper analyzes the key technology and working principle of IOT, its development at home and abroad, its application in the library management, and proposes its development direction in the field of library management and promotion programs.

  18. Interactions between libraries and technology over the past 30 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greifeneder, Elke; Seadle, Michael; Lynch, Clifford

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to look back on the last 30 years of technology development for libraries. Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents an interview that took place at the American Library Association Annual Meeting in Anaheim, California. Findings – The paper reveals...... that many of the developments are slow. There are very few really sudden revolutions in social-scale technologies. They do not switch on quickly and cannot be sudden because the installed base is too thin. Originality/value – The paper reveals that there should be some renewed conversation about how...... libraries can help the public. In the early days of the internet libraries played an enormous uncredited role in teaching the adult population about the it. There are some opportunities like that now, and one place where we are starting to see signs of it is digital preservation, not as libraries doing...

  19. Female Public Library Patrons Value the Library for Services, Programs, and Technology. A Review of: Fidishun, Dolores. “Women and the Public Library: Using Technology, Using the Library.” Library Trends 56.2 (2007): 328-43.

    OpenAIRE

    Virginia Wilson

    2009-01-01

    Objective – This study attempts to give insight into why and how women use the public library and information technology, and how they learned to use the technology.Design – Qualitative survey.Setting – The research took place at the Chester County Library in Exton, Pennsylvania, USA.Subjects – One hundred and eighty-four female library patrons 18 years and older.Methods – An anonymous qualitative survey was handed out to all patrons at the ChesterCounty Library 18 years of age and older wh...

  20. Wearable technology smart watches to Google Glass for libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Bruno, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Emerging devices are placing powerful computing abilities into the wardrobes of consumers through wearable technology which combines fashion and function in new and exciting ways. The most recognizable of these emerging gadgets is Google Glass. Wearable Technology: Smart Watches to Google Glass for Libraries provides a comprehensive overview of the current wearable technology landscape, the types of devices and functionality available, the benefits and limitations of this type of technology, and how you can make use of it in yo

  1. Perceived Utility of the AFIT Graduate Systems Management Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    quotes with no attempt to correct mistakes in grammer . Other comments received, but not included in the appendix, were not constructive in nature (i.e...Management methodology. Try breaking down a ’Super-SPO’ by function and teach GSM students what each one must do to synergis- tically support the whole...and the avail- able slots at DSMC increased. DSMC does what AFIT does not - i.e. teach the necessary skills to accomplish the Zmanding job of program

  2. Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries: From Libraries to Social Semantic Digital Libraries (SSDL), Over Semantic Digital Libraries (SDL)

    OpenAIRE

    Alotaibi, Sara

    2010-01-01

    Digital libraries have been an important source of information throughout the history of mankind. It has been present in our societies in different forms. Notably, traditional libraries have found their on the desktops of internet users. They have taken the shape of semantic digital libraries, which are accessible at any time, and accordingly provide a more meaningful search. This paper further discusses social semantic digital libraries that also incorporate the social and collaborative aspect.

  3. Use of assistive technologies in academic libraries: a survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripathi, Manorama; Shukla, Archana

    2014-01-01

    The present article attempts to highlight the use of assistive technologies in academic libraries in India, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. It dwells upon the use and importance of assistive technologies in general and their use for visually challenged learners in particular. Further, it gives suggestions for implementing assistive technologies in academic libraries for making visually challenged students self-reliant learners in accomplishing their academic and research pursuits. The present study adopted convenience sampling for collecting the data, which was collected between December 15, 2012 and January 18, 2013.

  4. Library macro-environment: New technological and economic rules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karmen Štular-Sotošek

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fast and flexible adaptation to changes in the macro-environment is also crucial for libraries, which have to review them, respond to them and become a part of them. Consequently, the application of marketing science and tools helps libraries to find out how to survive in the competitive world and how to become better and stronger. The article, which draws from marketing, economic and information disciplines, introduces the main principles in the technological and economic environment of libraries and finds the knowledge about these disciplines to be most crucial for successful management of modern libraries, especially on the pretentious publishing market and on the market of information suppliers. Within the technological and economic environment, the cooperation is the only logical solution, which benefits the producers of information services and products as well as libraries. The following text finds that libraries will achieve long-term success and will be proactive in developing partnerships only by using relationship marketing. This relatively new approach offers libraries new ways for successful and long-term management of alliances between partners.

  5. Resource sharing in libraries concepts, products, technologies, and trends

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    Breeding, Marshall

    2014-01-01

    Supplementing your local collection through resource sharing is a smart way to ensure your library has the resources to satisfy the needs of your users. Marshall Breeding's new Library Technology Report explores technologies and strategies for sharing resources, helping you streamline workflows and improve resource-sharing services by covering key strategies like interlibrary loan, consortial borrowing, document delivery, and shared collections. You'll also learn about such trends and services as:OCLC WorldCat Resource Sharing, and other systems that facilitate cooperative, reciprocal lendingS

  6. The Evolution of Academic Libraries in the Age of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasaman Saharkhiz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present age, one of the main elements in every country is information and its role in the development of countries. In such an era, universities are pioneers in development and knowledge production in which, academic libraries also play a significant role. In the design field, libraries that have long been synonymous with peace and tranquility are now considered as a place in which there should be a balance between quiet atmosphere and social dynamic mood. The aim of this study is to examine the evolution of spaces of academic libraries, which is constantly being changed as a result of technological advancements and alteration of old systems with new ones. Our research method includes reviewing similar domestic samples, conforming examples to library standards and examining the changing process of several foreign libraries over a period of time. The results of this study indicate that generally, modern libraries have fewer spaces for paper books and publications and individual study, instead, more spaces are dedicated to places for group studies and using computer. This change has influenced the function of the spaces, the relation between different parts of the library and people who use it.

  7. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CHINESE STUDIES EXPERIENCE AT THE EAST ASIA LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yeen-meiWn

    1994-01-01

    The East Asia Library(EAZ), following the leadership of the University of Washington(UW) Libraries and the trends of the library world, has made great progress in library automation. Yet the presence of non-roman scripts, or CJK characters, in the library's electronic resources in an environment dominated by phonetic languages makes automation of East Asian Libraries more challenging than libraries which use only roman scripts. This paper first provides a general overview of current information technology. It then offers a brief introduction to the UW Library automation and how the East Asia Library handles automation Finally, it presents the experience of the information technology in Chinese studies at EAL.

  8. Female Public Library Patrons Value the Library for Services, Programs, and Technology. A Review of: Fidishun, Dolores. “Women and the Public Library: Using Technology, Using the Library.” Library Trends 56.2 (2007: 328-43.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Wilson

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study attempts to give insight into why and how women use the public library and information technology, and how they learned to use the technology.Design – Qualitative survey.Setting – The research took place at the Chester County Library in Exton, Pennsylvania, USA.Subjects – One hundred and eighty-four female library patrons 18 years and older.Methods – An anonymous qualitative survey was handed out to all patrons at the ChesterCounty Library 18 years of age and older who came into the library on four separate days and times. Times were chosen to obtain a good representation of library patrons, and included daytime, evening, and weekend hours. The survey consisted of questions about library use, information sought, information seeking behaviour, technology used, and how the respondents learned to use the technology. The surveys were collated and spreadsheets were created that reported answers to yes/no and other data questions. Word documents facilitated the listing of more qualitative answers. The data were analyzed using a thematic content analysis to find themes and patterns that emerged to create grounded theory. In thematic content analysis, “the coding scheme is based on categories designed to capture the dominant themes in a text (Franzosi 184. There is no universal coding scheme, and this method requires extensive pre-testing of the scheme (Franzosi 184. Grounded theory “uses a prescribed set of procedures for analyzing data and constructing a theoretical model” from the data (Leedy and Ormrod 154.Main Results – The survey asked questions about library use, reasons for library use, using technology, finding information, and learning to use online resources. A total of 465 surveys were distributed and 329 were returned. From the surveys returned, 184 were from female patrons, 127 from male patrons, and 18 did not report gender. The data for this article are primarily taken from the 184 female

  9. Implementation of RFID Technology in University of Pune Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansode, Sadanand Y.; Desale, Sanjay K.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of a radio frequency identification (RFID) system in Pune University Library. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides a brief overview of background of the project, barriers faced and changes that have been experienced after the implementation of the technology. Findings:…

  10. Implementation of RFID Technology in University of Pune Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansode, Sadanand Y.; Desale, Sanjay K.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of a radio frequency identification (RFID) system in Pune University Library. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides a brief overview of background of the project, barriers faced and changes that have been experienced after the implementation of the technology. Findings:…

  11. The Costs of Information Technology and the Electronic Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tebbetts, Diane R.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the impact of information technology requirements on the costs of electronic libraries. Addresses key questions concerning hardware, software and network installation and upgrades and provides strategies for dealing with the needs for continuous funding and long-term financing that are essential for keeping up with the requirements of…

  12. Managing Technological Change in Libraries and Information Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klobas, Jane E.

    1990-01-01

    Examines factors to be considered in the management of technological change in libraries and information services. The organizational climate for change is discussed, and factors to consider when developing a strategy for introducing a new product, service, or system are described, including leadership, goals, political processes, marketing, and…

  13. SLJ Special Section: Computer Technology and Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Library Journal, 1984

    1984-01-01

    This 5-article section provides an annotated bibliography of 39 books about computer technology; describes peripheral equipment essential for building computer systems; suggests an approach to software evaluation and selection; describes the implementation of a computer program for elementary/secondary students and teachers; and reviews 34…

  14. Public Access Technologies in Public Libraries: Effects and Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Carlo Bertot

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Public libraries were early adopters of Internet-based technologies and have provided public access to the Internet and computers since the early 1990s. The landscape of public-access Internet and computing was substantially different in the 1990s as the World Wide Web was only in its initial development. At that time, public libraries essentially experimented with publicaccess Internet and computer services, largely absorbing this service into existing service and resource provision without substantial consideration of the management, facilities, staffing, and other implications of public-access technology (PAT services and resources. This article explores the implications for public libraries of the provision of PAT and seeks to look further to review issues and practices associated with PAT provision resources. While much research focuses on the amount of public access that public libraries provide, little offers a view of the effect of public access on libraries. This article provides insights into some of the costs, issues, and challenges associated with public access and concludes with recommendations that require continued exploration.

  15. Measuring patrons' technology habits: an evidence-based approach to tailoring library services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jin; Chatfield, Amy J; Hughes, Annie M; Kysh, Lynn; Rosenbloom, Megan Curran

    2014-04-01

    Librarians continually integrate new technologies into library services for health sciences students. Recently published data are lacking about student ownership of technological devices, awareness of new technologies, and interest in using devices and technologies to interact with the library. A survey was implemented at seven health sciences libraries to help answer these questions. Results show that librarian assumptions about awareness of technologies are not supported, and student interest in using new technologies to interact with the library varies widely. Collecting this evidence provides useful information for successfully integrating technologies into library services.

  16. Potential of phage-displayed peptide library technology to identify functional targeting peptides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krumpe, Lauren RH; Mori, Toshiyuki

    2010-01-01

    Combinatorial peptide library technology is a valuable resource for drug discovery and development. Several peptide drugs developed through phage-displayed peptide library technology are presently in clinical trials and the authors envision that phage-displayed peptide library technology will assist in the discovery and development of many more. This review attempts to compile and summarize recent literature on targeting peptides developed through peptide library technology, with special emphasis on novel peptides with targeting capacity evaluated in vivo. PMID:20150977

  17. New and Innovative Library Services: Moving with Web 2.0 / Library 2.0 Technology, a Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, H. K.; Pathak, S. K.; Singh, S. N.

    2010-10-01

    We give an overview and definition of Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 technology, especially addressing how it changes access to collections for users. We also describe its unlimited possibilities. The various components of Library 2.0 viz blogs, wikis, RSS, instant messaging, social networking, podcasting, and tagging are briefly summarized. Initiatives at three special information centers and libraries (IUCAA — Astronomy and Astrophysics; IIT — Science and Technology; and NIV — Viral Diseases) are described. We conclude with a futuristic view of Library 2.0.

  18. Training Needs and Methods of Training in Information Technology for Nigerian Special Library Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nweke, Ken M. C.

    1992-01-01

    Reports on a survey of heads of special libraries in Nigeria that revealed a need for training in and access to information technology in library schools and special libraries. Greater funding for technology, participation in international networks and professional associations, and utilization of international fellowships for further study are…

  19. U.S. Public Libraries and the Use of Web Technologies, 2012. A Closer Look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanucha, Meghan; Hofschire, Linda

    2013-01-01

    In 2008, researchers at the Library Research Service (LRS) undertook the "U.S. Public Libraries and the Use of Web Technologies" study, with the intent to document the use of various Internet technologies on the websites of public libraries throughout the nation (Lietzau, 2009). The results of that study set a baseline for the adoption…

  20. DO Get Technical! Using Technology in Library Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Eva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Today’s post-secondary students are digital natives. Much has been said and written about how to reach this generation, and the consensus seems to be that we need to meet them on their turf. In this session presented at WILU 2011 in Regina, SK, two librarians from the University of Lethbridge shared their experiences with using technology to engage students in library instruction. The hands-on session introduced some simple tools librarians can learn quickly and apply to spice up their instruction with technology. These include creating online animated videos using Xtranormal, a low-cost tool way to create polished and humourous videos to introduce or summarize key information literacy concepts; and adding interactive polling to PowerPoint presentations using a tool called Poll Everywhere, which is an effective way to instantly engage students in instruction using the web or web-enabled devices. Interactive polling eliminates many of the challenges of using clickers which are prevalent in many post-secondary library instruction environments. The presenters also discussed how they have experimented with wikis to encourage active learning and student collaboration in a series of library instruction sessions. Wikis allow for free and paperless student participation in knowledge creation in an online forum. Finally, they demonstrated how they have used Skype to deliver library instruction at a distance, including the use of the screen sharing feature. The presenters stressed the ease of use of these free or low-cost tools to improve classroom engagement and add interest to sessions.

  1. DO Get Technical! Using Technology in Library Instruction

    OpenAIRE

    Nicole Eva; Heather Nicholson

    2011-01-01

    Today’s post-secondary students are digital natives. Much has been said and written about how to reach this generation, and the consensus seems to be that we need to meet them on their turf. In this session presented at WILU 2011 in Regina, SK, two librarians from the University of Lethbridge shared their experiences with using technology to engage students in library instruction. The hands-on session introduced some simple tools librarians can learn quickly and apply to spice up their instr...

  2. Development of the self-service library : the case of the Central technological library at the University of Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matjaž Žaucer

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the importance of self-service in libraries. Individual phases of library services and probability for self-service are analysed. The author gives the ex¬ample of the Central Technological Library at the University of Ljubljana, which made some improvements based on diagnostic evaluation and detection of poor performance of some services. Advantages, disadvantages, and economical aspect of self-service loan unit are given. The application of self-renewals and information on loan transactions by phone, with interactive voice response, is described. The library also plans to enable the self-pick up of books ordered by phone. Some ideas for further develop¬ment of self-service in the library and its impact on the new library building plans are mentioned.

  3. Role of Information Technology Infrastructure Library in Data Warehouses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Y. Wahba

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL is most widely used de-facto- standard, consists of set of concepts and practices for Information Technology Service Management (ITSM, IT development and IT operations. Approach: Where as a Data Warehouse (DW is a relational database used for the purpose of query and analysis to generate complex reports for enterprises. Results: This study introduces ITIL and DW, along with DW concepts and challenges and will review how to map ITIL with DW. Conclusion: This study identified that ITIL will play vital role when and where used in Data warehouses, specifically in the form of availablilty management; IT service continuity management; capacity management; financial management; and service level management.

  4. Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persinger, Jon F.

    2010-01-01

    This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to…

  5. Reaching the Adult Learner: Teaching Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) to Practicing Technology Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adade, Anthony Kwasi

    2012-01-01

    A great deal has been written about adult learning in terms of approaches and strategies. However, very little has been published on best practices for teaching Information Technology Infrastructure Library ® (ITIL) certification course to IT professionals. This dearth of research, along with five years of experience teaching the course sparked my…

  6. Reaching the Adult Learner: Teaching Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) to Practicing Technology Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adade, Anthony Kwasi

    2012-01-01

    A great deal has been written about adult learning in terms of approaches and strategies. However, very little has been published on best practices for teaching Information Technology Infrastructure Library ® (ITIL) certification course to IT professionals. This dearth of research, along with five years of experience teaching the course sparked my…

  7. Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persinger, Jon F.

    2010-01-01

    This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to…

  8. Information Technology and Education for Library and Information Studies: The Challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Large, Andrew

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the impact of advances in information technology on library school curriculum. Topics addressed include a history of information technology in library schools; the rate of technological change; education versus training; information studies versus computer science; future possibilities; and the relationship between practitioners and…

  9. Mobile technology and academic libraries innovative services for research and learning

    CERN Document Server

    Canuel, Robin

    2017-01-01

    In seventeen chapters ranging from A Mobile-First Library Site Redesign to Mobile Technology Support for Field Research to Virtual Reality Library Environments, Mobile Technology and Academic Libraries explores how librarians around the world are working to adapt their spaces, collections, teaching, and services to the new possibilities presented by mobile technology. This is a detailed and thorough examination of technology that's emerging now and how to incorporate it into your library to help the students and researchers of both today and tomorrow.

  10. The Science, Engineering and Technology Career Library Corner. Final report, February 1, 1995--January 31, 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cole, P.R.

    1996-03-01

    A grant was made to install and pilot-test the Science, Engineering and Technology (SET) Career Library Corner at the New York Hall of Science. The SET Career Library Corner is located in a multi-media library setting where visitors can explore careers in a quiet, uninterrupted environment, in contrast to the original installation designed as a museum floor exhibit.

  11. Something for Everyone: Learning and Learning Technologies in a Public Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, Fiona

    2010-01-01

    The nature of learning in a public library is relevant to what place e-learning and social networking technologies might have there. That a public library aims to provide something for everyone is also important. Alice Springs Public Library (ASPL) is a place of learning; it is also a crowded and composite space. The use ASPL could make of the…

  12. "A Really Nice Spot": Evaluating Place, Space, and Technology in Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoo, Michael J.; Rozaklis, Lily; Hall, Catherine; Kusunoki, Diana

    2016-01-01

    This article describes a qualitative mixed-method study of students' perceptions of place and space in an academic library. The approach is informed by Scott Bennett's model of library design, which posits a shift from a "book-centered" to a technology supported "learning centered" paradigm of library space. Two surveys…

  13. U.S. Public Libraries and the Use of Web Technologies. A Closer Look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lietzau, Zeth

    2009-01-01

    The use of interactive web technologies on public library web sites in the United States has been a topic of much discussion in recent years, and a shift in certain types of user services is underway. Terms like "Web 2.0" and even "Library 2.0" have become common in library literature and at conferences as those on the early…

  14. Perceptions of Personnel at Selected Texas Community Colleges Regarding the Impact of Technology on Their Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenan, Sharon K.

    2012-01-01

    Technological innovations have transformed all areas of community college libraries. Automated library systems, office software, and Internet access have altered work processes for library personnel and have changed research methodologies for students and faculty. The purpose of this bounded multiple case study was to explore how the adoption of…

  15. Information Technology and the Evolution of the Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    system that al- lows for the searching of books and other media located in thousands of member libraries around the world ( OCLC Online Computer Library...mentioned the Online Computer Library Center ( OCLC ) explicitly – that either they were already a member or were transitioning to membership. OCLC is...information and reducing the rate of rise of library costs” ( OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc., 2008), which links the collections of more

  16. Exploitation of Information Processing Technologies to Extend Digital Library Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Hua Yeh、Jia-Yanh Chang、Yen-Jen Oyan

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:1-11

    This paper discusses exploitation of information processing technologies to extend digital library applications to a new dimension. The discussion focuses on the following three information processing technologies.

    l. information extraction.

    2. deductive inference.

    3. data mining.

    The most significant applications are discovery and derivation of new information and knowledge. This paper discusses how these information processing technologies can be exploited to complement the capabilities of human beings in the digital library domain. The tasks that the developed information processing utilities perform are simple and tedious intelligent information processing. However, because a digital library contains a large quantity of contents, it is common that human beings can hardly carry out such tasks exhaustively. As a result, a great amount of information and knowledge may remain undiscovered without the assistance of assistance of such utilities. On the other hands, with the developed information processing utilities, human being are the released form performing

  17. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN INDIAN SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY LIBRARIES : A STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO LIBRARY PROFESSIONALS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT FACILITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lt. Rajashekara G.R.

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Information explosion and rapid growth in technology made the existing knowledge of software technology library professionals ineffective, which they had at the time of entering into the organization. Hence, professionals have to be trained to operate new techniques and equipment‘s, to handle the present as well as new jobs more effectively. Training is useful not only for the organizations, but also for the employees as it develops knowledge, problem-solving ability and skill of the newly recruited employees on the one hand and serves as a refresher course in updating old employees on the other hand. It aims at improving the organization‘s performance through the enhanced performance of its employees. Because of these reasons training has become an integral part of human resource development in software technology libraries. Knowing this fact following study has been conducted to identify the training and development facilities provided to in Indian software technology libraries.

  18. The influence of the latest information and communication technology on the libraries in the primary schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franceska Žumer

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the information and communication equipment in primary school libraries and the end usage of the above mentioned technology. A detailed research, including 109 primary schools throughout Slovenia, was performed. The research showed that the schools do not have the basic information technology needed to perform the latest and up-to-date services. Not a single library, included in the research, has a completely automated library collection. But the percentage of libraries, which do not perform automated lending and do not use the various offered possibilites of the already existing technology, automated collections and on-line library, is significantly lower. A systematic solution of the present situation is needed. Only in this way will school libraries be successfully included in the educational system of schools and will be able to perform the library inter-subject information knowledge and information literacy programs in the new nine-year primary school.

  19. The No Shelf Required Guide to E-book Purchasing A Library Technology Report

    CERN Document Server

    Polanka, Sue

    2011-01-01

    This issue of "Library Technology Reports" provides strategies, best practices, and case studies for meeting the unprecedented legal, technological, and vendor challenges that come with e-book purchasing.

  20. The Human Implications of Technology's Impact on the Content of Library Science Journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggs, Donald E.; Zhang, Sha Li

    1999-01-01

    The content of library science journals, by sharing information about technology-based change, may affect the organizational structure in which librarians and staff work, their expectations for using technology, and their need for libraries to become, to a greater degree, learning organizations. This article deals only with print journals. (AEF)

  1. Organizational Influences in Technology Adoption Decisions: A Case Study of Digital Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguz, Fatih

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the organizational level decision factors in technology adoption in the context of digital libraries. A qualitative case study approach was used to investigate the adoption of a specific technology, XML-based Web services, in digital libraries. Rogers' diffusion of innovations and Wenger's communities of…

  2. The Implementation of Web 2.0 Technology for Information Literacy Instruction in Thai University Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawetrattanasatian, Oranuch

    2014-01-01

    Web 2.0 technology has drawn much attention recently as a fascinating tool for Information Literacy Instruction (ILI), especially in academic libraries. This research was aimed to investigate the implementation of Web 2.0 technology for ILI in Thai university libraries, in terms of information literacy skills being taught, types of Web 2.0…

  3. Technological Change in the Workplace: A Statewide Survey of Community College Library and Learning Resources Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poole, Carolyn E.; Denny, Emmett

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of the effects of technostress on library personnel focuses on an investigation that examined how employees in Florida community college libraries and learning resources centers are dealing with technological change in their work environment. Considers implications for planning and implementing technological change and includes…

  4. Organizational Influences in Technology Adoption Decisions: A Case Study of Digital Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguz, Fatih

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the organizational level decision factors in technology adoption in the context of digital libraries. A qualitative case study approach was used to investigate the adoption of a specific technology, XML-based Web services, in digital libraries. Rogers' diffusion of innovations and Wenger's communities of…

  5. U.S. Public Libraries and the Use of Web Technologies, 2010. A Closer Look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lietzau, Zeth; Helgren, Jamie

    2011-01-01

    It's well known that technology is changing at an increasingly rapid pace and that many public libraries throughout the United States are attempting to adopt new technologies to better reach their patrons. In trade journals, blogs, and at library conferences, professionals in the field have continually discussed the best methods for using web…

  6. Dynamically-Loaded Hardware Libraries (HLL) Technology for Audio Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esposito, A.; Lomuscio, A.; Nunzio, L. Di

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we apply hardware acceleration to embedded systems running audio applications. We present a new framework, Dynamically-Loaded Hardware Libraries or HLL, to dynamically load hardware libraries on reconfigurable platforms (FPGAs). Provided a library of application-specific processors,...

  7. Interactions between libraries and technology over the past 30 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greifeneder, Elke; Seadle, Michael; Lynch, Clifford

    2012-01-01

    libraries can help the public. In the early days of the internet libraries played an enormous uncredited role in teaching the adult population about the it. There are some opportunities like that now, and one place where we are starting to see signs of it is digital preservation, not as libraries doing...

  8. Dynamically-Loaded Hardware Libraries (HLL) Technology for Audio Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esposito, A.; Lomuscio, A.; Nunzio, L. Di

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we apply hardware acceleration to embedded systems running audio applications. We present a new framework, Dynamically-Loaded Hardware Libraries or HLL, to dynamically load hardware libraries on reconfigurable platforms (FPGAs). Provided a library of application-specific processors...

  9. Integration of New Technology in Army Libraries. Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-02

    Topographic Laboratories Scientific and Technical Information Center B-65 SFacilities Engineering Support Agency B-72 Mobility Bquipment Research and...requests received 222 B-14 -- : -.- t -o . . -I j INTEGRATION OF NEW TECHNOILOGY IN ARMY LIBRARIES: DATA COLLECTION LIBRARY: Ballistic Research...4 u.._9.C F , i -. t- ’’- • -- -- .•_ •-g• _ "dt LIBRARY: U.S. ARMY MOBILITY EQUIPMENT RESEARH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMAND (MERADCOM) COMMAND: DARCOM

  10. The Leadership Dimension in Information and Communication Technology Adoption in African Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adetoun A. Oyelude

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on leadership challenges in adaptation to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs in African libraries. It identifies and discusses the need for adequate leadership styles and behavior in the bid to adapt effectively to new technologies. Online survey, observation arising from personal professional practice experience, personal communication, and interview methods were used to gather data for the study. Older library professionals, many of whom are still very visible across the leadership strata of libraries, were found to exhibit diverse attitude to the adaptation to ICTs deployment and use in their libraries. Some library leaders and older generation professionals were discovered to react somewhat negatively to changes in technology used in their libraries, preventing the younger professionals from performing to full capacity, and generally showing nonchalance to new technologies. Proper training and retraining, mentoring, and harnessing the synergy of ideas, with respectful communication from new generation library professionals, was found to be desirable. Change management workshops and implementation of standard ethics of the profession are recommended, while emphasis is put on the need for library professionals to overcome their technophobia and take leadership in adapting to move the library and information profession forward.

  11. A Survey of Complex Object Technologies for Digital Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Michael L.; Argue, Brad; Efron, Miles; Denn, Sheila; Pattuelli, Maria Cristina

    2001-01-01

    Many early web-based digital libraries (DLs) had implicit assumptions reflected in their architecture that the unit of focus in the DL (frequently "reports" or "e-prints") would only be manifested in a single, or at most a few, common file formats such as PDF or PostScript. DLs have now matured to the point where their contents are commonly no longer simple files. Complex objects in DLs have emerged from in response to various requirements, including: simple aggregation of formats and supporting files, bundling additional information to aid digital preservation, creating opaque digital objects for e-commerce applications, and the incorporation of dynamic services with the traditional data files. We examine a representative (but not necessarily exhaustive) number of current and recent historical web-based complex object technologies and projects that are applicable to DLs: Aurora, Buckets, ComMentor, Cryptolopes, Digibox, Document Management Alliance, FEDORA, Kahn-Wilensky Framework Digital Objects, Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard, Multivalent Documents, Open eBooks, VERS Encapsulated Objects, and the Warwick Framework.

  12. Role of Information Technology Infrastructure Library in E-Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tariq R. Soomro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The E-Government implementation has been achieved by many countries. This is meant to improve the delivery of public services to citizens, business and governmental departments alike. Different strategies are used to build E-Government infrastructure and deliver its services to the public. The degree of success that is achieved by different E-Governments in terms of service level and quality of service varies significantly. Approach: The objective of achieving e-Governance goes far beyond mere computerization of standalone back office operations. Strict measures are required to help E-Governments evaluate the service level and assess the quality of service. Results: In this study we introduce the E-Government strategies, perspectives, implementation, transformation and their major problems. In this context, the role of Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL is reviewed. Conclusion: Dubai E-Government (DeG which was officially launched in December 2001 is selected as a case study for service management assessment based on ITIL standards. Two main areas of DeG service management were selected; service support and service delivery.

  13. ShockWave science and technology reference library

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    This book is the first of several volumes on solids in the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library. These volumes are primarily concerned with high-pressure shock waves in solid media, including detonation, high-velocity impact, and penetration. Of the eight chapters in this volume three chapters survey recent, exciting experimental advances in - ultra-short shock dynamics at the atomic and molecular scale (D.S. More, S.D. Mcgrane, and D.J. Funk), - Z accelerator for ICE and Shock compression (M.D. Knudson), and - failure waves in glass and ceramics (S.J. Bless and N.S. Brar). The subsequent four chapters are foundational, and cover the subjects of - equation of state (R. Menikoff), - elastic-plastic shock waves (R. Menikoff), - continuum plasticity (R. M. Brannon), and - numerical methods (D. J. Benson). The last chapter, but not the least, describes a tour de force illustration of today’s computing power in - modeling heterogeneous reactive solids at the grain scale (M.R. Baer). All chapters a...

  14. M-libraries 4 from margin to mainstream : mobile technologies transforming lives and libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Ally, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    A brand new edition of the highly successful M-Libraries series, this draws together cutting-edge international contributions from the leading authorities in the field. It explores the variety of work that libraries are doing across the world to deliver resources to users via mobile and hand-held devices.

  15. Libraries as a venue for exciting education technology, both high tech and low

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harold, J. B.; Dusenbery, P.; Holland, A.

    2016-12-01

    Public libraries provide a broad range of possibilities for reaching diverse audiences with NASA and STEM related content and activities, from hands-on activities, to interactive kiosks incorporating science based games, simulations, and real-time data. NCIL/SSI has been developing STEM-based exhibits and program activities for public libraries since 2007, and is currently managing 7 national tours in partnership with the American Library Association and other organizations. Past and current exhibitions will reach over 100 libraries and an estimated 1.5 million patrons. In this paper we will discuss a range of findings from almost a decade of deploying both high and low tech STEM learning strategies into libraries, including usage and engagement by library patrons, and challenges (and solutions) for deploying technologically sophisticated components into libraries which may or may not have dedicated technical staff.

  16. Branding Helped to Promote Our Library and Its Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Sejan

    2004-01-01

    The Saint Paul Public Library and its Friends collaborated to create an identity program as part of its public relations efforts. The work started with a team made up of the library's key administrators and its Public Relations and Communications office, plus Friends' staff and the Friends Board's Public Awareness Committee. In this article, the…

  17. Use of the Technological University Library by International Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marama, Ishaya D.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the use of questionnaires and interviews for a study on the use of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Library (Nigeria) by international students. Problems faced by students are highlighted, including the language barrier, new services, and unfamiliar library terminology. (Author/LRW)

  18. Weapon System Integration for the AFIT Virtual Cockpit

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    1988). 3. Alighieri , Dante . The Inferno. New York: The New American Library of World Literature, 1954. 4. Blau, Brian, et al. "Networked Virtual...and my voice choked up with fear. I cannot write it: this is a terror that cannot be told. - Dante (3:283) For a simulation to be truly useful and

  19. MLC Libraries--A School Library's Journey with Students, Staff and Web 2.0 Technologies: Blogs, Wikis and E-Books--Where Are We Going Next?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viner, Jane; Lucas, Amanda; Ricchini, Tracey; Ri, Regina

    2010-01-01

    This workshop paper explores the Web 2.0 journey of the MLC Libraries' teacher-librarians, librarian, library and audio visual technicians. Our journey was initially inspired by Will Richardson and supported by the School Library Association of Victoria (SLAV) Web 2.0 professional development program. The 12 week technological skills program…

  20. E-Books and New Library Service Models: An Analysis of the Impact of E-Book Technology on Academic Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jantz, Ronald

    2001-01-01

    Analyzes the implications of electronic book technology (e-books) on academic libraries. Discusses new business models for publishers, including self-publishing, Internet publishing, and partnerships with libraries as publishers; impact on library services, including cataloging, circulation, and digital preservation; user benefits; standards;…

  1. Integration of Library Services with Internet of Things Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyriakos Stefanidis

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The SELIDA framework is an integration layer of standardized services that takes an Internet-of-Things approach for item traceability in the library setting. The aim of the framework is to provide tracing of RFID tagged physical items among or within various libraries. Using SELIDA we are able to integrate typical library services—such as checking in or out items at different libraries with different Integrated Library Systems—without requiring substantial changes, code-wise, in their structural parts. To do so, we employ the Object Naming Service mechanism that allows us to retrieve and process information from the Electronic Product Code of an item and its associated services through the use of distributed mapping servers. We present two use case scenarios involving the Koha open source ILS and we briefly discuss the potential of this framework in supporting bibliographic Linked Data.

  2. The accidental technology trainer: a guide for libraries

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gerding, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii Chapter 1: Being an Accidental Technology Trainer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 What Is an Accidental Technology Trainer...

  3. Self-Service Charge Systems: Current Technological Applications and Their Implications for the Future Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mardikian, Jackie

    1995-01-01

    Discusses a possible shift to self-service check-out systems for academic library patrons. Provides an annotated bibliography of 51 items that discuss the impact of self-service technology on the quality of service and customer satisfaction in libraries, service sectors, banking, and the vending industry. (LRW)

  4. HF RFID versus UHF RFID--Technology for Library Service Transformation at City University of Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Steve H.; Tai, Alice

    2009-01-01

    Since libraries first used RFID systems in the late 1990s, more and more libraries have identified the advantages of the technology. With advances in HF and UHF RFID, both alternatives are now viable in library applications. While some librarians are still skeptical towards UHF RFID as unproven in the library arena, the City University of Hong…

  5. HF RFID versus UHF RFID--Technology for Library Service Transformation at City University of Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Steve H.; Tai, Alice

    2009-01-01

    Since libraries first used RFID systems in the late 1990s, more and more libraries have identified the advantages of the technology. With advances in HF and UHF RFID, both alternatives are now viable in library applications. While some librarians are still skeptical towards UHF RFID as unproven in the library arena, the City University of Hong…

  6. Publishing Opportunities in Educational Communications, Technology, and Library Science Journals and Magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemente, Rebecca; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Presents in tabular form a summary of publishing requirements, guidelines, and suggestions from 59 current educational communications, technology, and library science journals and magazines to serve as a reference to potential contributors. (Three references) (LRW)

  7. Technology and Literacy: 21st Century Library Programming for Children and Teens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jennifer; Braafladt, Keith

    2012-01-01

    Technology may not be a magic wand, but innovative technology programming can genuinely help children become adept at navigating our increasingly wired world while also helping them develop deductive reasoning, math, and other vital literacy skills. One of the simplest and most powerful tools for technology-based public library programming is…

  8. Employee Perspectives of Library and Information Technology Mergers: The Recursiveness of Structure, Culture, and Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, Sara Bronner

    2010-01-01

    The practice of merging academic library and information technology (IT) units began in the early 1980s with the growth of technology applications in higher education. Mergers have been initiated for a variety of reasons, including streamlining services, consolidating budgets, maximizing information technologies for teaching and research, and new…

  9. Information and communication technologies for knowledge management in academic libraries in Nigeria and South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rexwhite T. Enakrire

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Presently, libraries, especially academic libraries, have increasingly used information and communication technologies (ICTs to automate their core functions in order to implement efficient and effective library operations and services. This now requires library and information professionals as knowledge workers to intensify managing both explicit and tacit knowledge for the organisational growth of the libraries.Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of ICT facilities that support knowledge management (KM in academic libraries in Nigeria and South Africa.Methods: Both quantitative through survey and structured questionnaires and qualitative by content analysis and interview research methodologies were applied in the initial study. The qualitative approach of content analysis was applied to literature review, and key informants were also interviewed. One hundred and thirty-two professional librarians and six key informants across the sampled academic libraries in the two countries were targeted for information. The study sampled only six academic libraries, three in each country, which renders generalisation difficult. This article largely focuses on quantitative aspects of the study in the reported findings.Results: Availability and accessibility of ICTs for KM among the sampled libraries were not uniform, even within one country. Infrastructural support has affected some of the university libraries to a great extent. The knowledge and skills for using ICT for KM were largely adequate, but varied within the libraries and librarians as well. The challenges facing the libraries border on inadequate infrastructure and professional staff, but irrespective of the challenges faced, libraries have devised strategies for coping and rendering services. The study has provided new information relating to the use of ICT facilities and services for KM in academic libraries that calls for rigorous continuing education

  10. Impact of External Technology Funding Programs for Public Libraries: A Study of LSTA, E-Rate, Gates, and Others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Ryan, Joe

    2002-01-01

    Describes external sources of funding for public libraries to establish and maintain their technology infrastructure, telecommunications services, and network-based resources and services. Highlights include LSTA (Library Services and Technology Act); the E-rate program; and the Bill and Melissa Gates Foundation U.S. Library Program. (LRW)

  11. Open source technologies for delivering historical maps online - case studies at the National Library of Scotland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Fleet

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the last four years, the National Library of Scotland has saved money and improved user access to online historical maps through the implementation of new open source technologies. These new tools include a new Viewer for MrSID images using OpenLayers, a collaborative Georeferencer application, new Tile Map Services for delivering georeferenced historical maps online, and a new GeoServer and OpenLayers application for accessing 44,000 series maps as clickable indexes. All of these applications were developed by Petr Pridal / Klokan Technologies, in collaboration with the National Library of Scotland, and all of them are easily extendible to other map libraries. These open source tools also provide an excellent basis for collaboration with other map libraries, sharing technology, experience and advice.

  12. The Energy Science and Technology Database on a local library system: A case study at the Los Alamos National Research Library

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holtkamp, I.S.

    1994-10-01

    This paper presents an overview of efforts at Los Alamos National Laboratory to acquire and mount the Energy Science and Technology Database (EDB) as a citation database on the Research Library`s Geac Advance system. The rationale for undertaking this project and expected benefits are explained. Significant issues explored are loading non-USMARC records into a MARC-based library system, the use of EDB records to replace or supplement in-house cataloging of technical reports, the impact of different cataloging standards and database size on searching and retrieval, and how integrating an external database into the library`s online catalog may affect staffing and workflow.

  13. Digital Libraries: The Next Generation in File System Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, Mic; Camargo, Bill

    1998-01-01

    Examines file sharing within corporations that use wide-area, distributed file systems. Applications and user interactions strongly suggest that the addition of services typically associated with digital libraries (content-based file location, strongly typed objects, representation of complex relationships between documents, and extrinsic…

  14. Technological energy and environmental refurbishment of historical Italian libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Battisti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Active libraries in Italy are around 13.000 and, taken as a whole, the property and management relate mainly to public institutions such as the state, regions, local authorities, cultural institutions, universities, and partly to religious institutions and individuals. In this paper is presented the work of studies and research, commissioned to the authors by the General Direction for Libraries of the Ministry of Heritage and Culture (Mibac, which ended recently, addressing the architectural, energy and environmental refurbishment of national historic libraries distributed on the Italian territory, with special focus on 4 among 46 owned by the Ministry of Culture (the Nazionale Centrale di Roma, the Nazionale Centrale in Florence, the national University of Turin and the Angelica in Rome believed by the authors and client as examples of recurring issues and ideals to lend itself to the construction of a model of intervention replicable on other historical Italian libraries.The main objective of the project is the identification of physical and perceptual factors of wear2, which threaten the conservation of the historical and artistic heritage of the historic center of Venice, with a particular focus on the effects of anthropogenic pressure linked to tourism, and the evaluation of their level of danger. A further objective is the recognition of measurable parameters (indicators for monitoring and, subsequently, mitigation strategies for the most significant phenomena.

  15. The Shattered Stereotype: The Academic Library in Technological Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Constance L.

    In academic libraries, neither technical services, public services, nor administration has escaped the impact of online information systems. Online catalogs, network systems, interlibrary lending, database searches, circulation control, automated technical processes, and an increasing number of non-book materials are part of a technological…

  16. Developing Library Resources for Cyberspace: The Effect of Information Technology and the Internet on Academic Libraries of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjana H. Bhatt

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:16-25

    This article examines the effect of information technology (IT on Indian academic libraries and traces the phenomenal growth of the IT industry and the Internet in India. Resource sharing and library automation activities of networking organizations like DELNET, CALIBNET, and INFLIBNET are discussed in detail. A brief review of thirteen Indian academic library web sites indicates that preliminary efforts are being made to incorporate technology and provide extended access to usual web-based services. Finally, the article provides suggestions and examples for including hyperlinks to ready-reference shelves on the Internet, introducing digital reference services, providing personalized electronic resource consultations, and creating information literacy tutorials.

  17. Digital Libraries with Embedded Values: Combining Insights from LIS and Science and Technology Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischmann, Kenneth R.

    2007-01-01

    In the digital age, libraries are increasingly being augmented or even replaced by information technology (IT), which is often accompanied by implicit assumptions of objectivity and neutrality, yet the field of science and technology studies (STS) has a long history of studying what values are embedded in IT and how they are embedded. This article…

  18. Digital Libraries with Embedded Values: Combining Insights from LIS and Science and Technology Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischmann, Kenneth R.

    2007-01-01

    In the digital age, libraries are increasingly being augmented or even replaced by information technology (IT), which is often accompanied by implicit assumptions of objectivity and neutrality, yet the field of science and technology studies (STS) has a long history of studying what values are embedded in IT and how they are embedded. This article…

  19. The Determinants of Transportation Officers’ Pursuit of the AFIT logistics Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    Each career speciality has a specified career guide , and officers in that career field are encouraged to follow the official Air Force position on "when...officers who are otherwise available for AFIT attendance have not taken the Graduate Management Admissions Test ( GMAT ) or forwarded their transcripts to...was available officers not taking the necessary steps to insure their academic eligibility, i.e., taking the Graduate Management Admissions Test ( GMAT

  20. AFIT/AFOSR Workshop on the Role of Wavelets in Signal Processing Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-28

    coder plotting the PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) defined as 10logj 0[255’/(m.s.e)] versus bpp 4The standard JPEG algorithm is applicable only to 8x8... f9 (k)g(x - k 19 300 AFIT1AFOSR Wavelets Workshop where F(e"’) = 1/E(eJ"). That is ;(z) is a linear combination of shifted versions of g(z); hence the

  1. Impact of information technology on the role of medical libraries in information managment: normative background

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anamarija Rožić-Hristovski

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Exponential growth of biomedical knowledge and information technology development is changing the infrastructure of health care systems, education and research. So medical libraries roles have shifted from managing containers of information toward influencing biomedical information resource content and education. These new tasks are formalised in modem American standards for medical libraries, stressing information management role in evolving environment.In Slovenia medical libraries also are aware of development imperative of information activities for advances in medicine. At one side they are faced with lack of specific guidelines for proactive action and on the other with inadequate assessment in legal documents and insufficient funding.

  2. Implementing Technology and Gaming Lessons in a School Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashriqi, Khalida

    2011-01-01

    School librarians play numerous roles throughout a day. They are information specialists who keep up with the constant changes in information and technology. It is important for them to keep students up-to-date and teach them to use technology properly. Gaming and technology are both important concepts for 21st-century school librarians to…

  3. Technology and media preferences: Results from some user studies in Albanian public libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athina Basha

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper studies the state of awareness of information literacy and media literacy in Albania and the role of libraries in raising their capacity in fostering use of technology and media and practicing polices of life-long learning (LLL and education. There is an urgent need in Albania to raise the awareness of information and media literacy issues in the new realities and the skills needed to navigate, evaluate, and use information and technology. The role of the libraries and other institutions is of great importance and impact when it comes to assisting users of all levels not only to find but also to evaluate and use information properly for professional and daily life decisions. This research and the surveys done in Fier Public Library during 1995-2012, will bring a contribution to a greater understanding of the situation in most of the public libraries in Albania and the impact that information, media, and new technologies have in our daily life. The purpose of the research is to raise the awareness of all the stakeholders in Albanian society on its importance for future development. The research has shown that libraries, librarians, and other stakeholders of the society lack understanding on information and media literacy as well as the right infrastructure to support the development of information and communication technology (ICT.

  4. Digital Media and Technology in Afterschool Programs, Libraries, and Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herr-Stephenson, Becky; Rhoten, Diana; Perkel, Dan; Sims, Christo

    2011-01-01

    Digital media and technology have become culturally and economically powerful parts of contemporary middle-class American childhoods. Immersed in various forms of digital media as well as mobile and Web-based technologies, young people today appear to develop knowledge and skills through participation in media. This MacArthur Report examines the…

  5. New Technology's Surprising Security Threats. Building Digital Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huwe, Terence

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, security issues have increasingly come to dominate the technological development process--although still in a more reactive than proactive mode. It now seems more important than ever to monitor security trends and policy developments, especially if technology is regarded as a potential community builder. This article suggests…

  6. Digital Media and Technology in Afterschool Programs, Libraries, and Museums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herr-Stephenson, Becky; Rhoten, Diana; Perkel, Dan; Sims, Christo

    2011-01-01

    Digital media and technology have become culturally and economically powerful parts of contemporary middle-class American childhoods. Immersed in various forms of digital media as well as mobile and Web-based technologies, young people today appear to develop knowledge and skills through participation in media. This MacArthur Report examines the…

  7. Technology to support a distributed digital library for astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemesderfer, C. D.

    1996-12-01

    The integrated electronic resource that is forming in the astronomical community is a functional distributed digital library. As the balance of the literature comes on-line over the next year, and as more organizations seek to make data and other resources available on the Internet, ad hoc agreements among groups will give way to de facto standards. In our effort to extend the knowledge gained in our work on the electronic ApJ, we are engaged in an initiative to collaborate with other publishers and information distributors to utilize existing tools so that disparate collections may interoperate. We expect to devise effective operating conventions, and to articulate standard means for making valuable, archival information accessible on the net, reliably and for the long term.

  8. Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Kristy

    2010-01-01

    The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

  9. Evaluating ATM Technology for Distance Education in Library and Information Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford, Serena W.

    1997-01-01

    Investigates the impact of asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) technology in an interactive environment providing distance education in library and information science at two San Jose State University (California) sites. The main purpose of the study was to develop a reliable and valid evaluation instrument. Contains 6 tables. (Author/AEF)

  10. Assessing Factors Affecting Implementation of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Kristy

    2010-01-01

    The capability of organizations to operate on the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) framework is reliant on ITIL process measurements. Appropriate ITIL process measurements help ensure desired outcomes, enable corrective actions to take place prior to process failure, and direct process activities towards continuous improvement.…

  11. Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Collection Development in Scientific and Research Institute Libraries in Iran: A study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khademizadeh, Shahnaz

    2012-08-01

    The explosion of information communication technology (ICT) since the beginning of the 20th century has been rendering manual-based library system in academic, research, special and public libraries less relevant. This is because using and implementing information communication technology in the library depend largely on the librarian attitude toward the current digital age. This study examined the attitudinal correlates of some selected scientific and research institutes libraries in Irantowards the use and application of ICT in their various libraries. A total of ten libraries from all the forty nine libraries in Iran formed the studyís population. It is observed that 'Internet/intranet etc' (1046; 67.5%) is the most important source through which the users become aware of modern information technologies used in their libraries. The vast majority of the respondents who answered electronic sources make it 'Easier' to gather and use information are (1313; 84.7%). The results indicate that there is a significant relationship between e-environment and collection development (?262.86, p=0.000). Findings further show that all of librarians (9; 100%) opined they feel that ICT application affects the collection development of library. Based on these findings, it is recommended that libraries in the developing countries should consider training those librarians who do not have knowledge of ICT in order to remove the fear and anxiety hindering them from developing good attitude towards the use of ICT in their libraries.

  12. Consortia for Engineering, Science and Technology Libraries in India: A Case Study of INDEST Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, S. K.; Deshpande, N. J.

    2007-10-01

    The present scenario of the INDEST Consortium among engineering, science and technology (including astronomy and astrophysics) libraries in India is discussed. The Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences & Technology (INDEST) Consortium is a major initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. The INDEST Consortium provides access to 16 full text e-resources and 7 bibliographic databases for 166 institutions as members who are taking advantage of cost effective access to premier resources in engineering, science and technology, including astronomy and astrophysics. Member institutions can access over 6500 e-journals from 1092 publishers. Out of these, over 150 e-journals are exclusively for the astronomy and physics community. The current study also presents a comparative analysis of the key features of nine major services, viz. ACM Digital Library, ASCE Journals, ASME Journals, EBSCO Databases (Business Source Premier), Elsevier's Science Direct, Emerald Full Text, IEEE/IEE Electronic Library Online (IEL), ProQuest ABI/INFORM and Springer Verlag's Link. In this paper, the limitations of this consortium are also discussed.

  13. Disubstituted 1-aryl-4-aminopiperidine library synthesis using computational drug design and high-throughput batch and flow technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Marian C; Hein, Christopher D; Gao, Hua; Xia, Xiaoyang; Eastwood, Heather; Bruenner, Bernd A; Louie, Steven W; Doherty, Elizabeth M

    2013-09-09

    A platform that incorporates computational library design, parallel solution-phase synthesis, continuous flow hydrogenation, and automated high throughput purification and reformatting technologies was applied to the production of a 120-member library of 1-aryl-4-aminopiperidine analogues for drug discovery screening. The application described herein demonstrates the advantages of computational library design coupled with a flexible, modular approach to library synthesis. The enabling technologies described can be readily adopted by the traditional medicinal chemist without extensive training and lengthy process development times.

  14. Library Automation

    OpenAIRE

    Dhakne, B. N.; Giri, V. V.; Waghmode, S. S.

    2010-01-01

    New technologies library provides several new materials, media and mode of storing and communicating the information. Library Automation reduces the drudgery of repeated manual efforts in library routine. By use of library automation collection, Storage, Administration, Processing, Preservation and communication etc.

  15. One-step generation of error-prone PCR libraries using Gateway® technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gruet Antoine

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Error-prone PCR (epPCR libraries are one of the tools used in directed evolution. The Gateway® technology allows constructing epPCR libraries virtually devoid of any background (i.e., of insert-free plasmid, but requires two steps: the BP and the LR reactions and the associated E. coli cell transformations and plasmid purifications. Results We describe a method for making epPCR libraries in Gateway® plasmids using an LR reaction without intermediate BP reaction. We also describe a BP-free and LR-free sub-cloning method for in-frame transferring the coding sequence of selected clones from the plasmid used to screen the library to another one devoid of tag used for screening (such as the green fluorescent protein. We report preliminary results of a directed evolution program using this method. Conclusions The one-step method enables producing epPCR libraries of as high complexity and quality as does the regular, two-step, protocol for half the amount of work. In addition, it contributes to preserve the original complexity of the epPCR product.

  16. Investigating the Application of Semantic Technology to Organize Information in Digital Library Software Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simin Hajiahmadi

    2017-06-01

    The results indicated that digital libraries with respect to the application of semantic technology were not in good condition; therefore, they need to take all the weaknesses identified in this study into consideration. Software for IT architecture requires layers of meaning beyond their original design. In addition, regarding the languages implemented, semantic technology had very poor performance and none of the tools had this new technology to develop and implement. The majority of the tools employed were also in the initial stage of recognition. In many cases, information sources were kept outside of the databases and they had only text files for full-text search. On the whole, the software systems studied here were at the same level although they sometimes surpassed each other. The present study not only developed a checklist of the application of semantic technologies to organize information software digital library based on relevant literature and the experts, but also can make digital library software developers aware of their strengths and weaknesses, and the criteria and factors existing in this area in addition to the importance of each of them to help them in their own design and production in the future.

  17. The Adoption of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the University Libraries of Bangladesh: An Exploratory Study

    OpenAIRE

    Siddike, Abul Kalam; Munshi, Nasiruddin; Sayeed, Abu

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to explore the extent of adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in the university libraries of Bangladesh. The study discusses the present conditions of using ICT by the public and private university libraries in Bangladesh. The study also finds out the systems and services provided by the university libraries. The paper is a basic work so far such study has not been carried out by anyone in Bangladesh and it investigates the original views o...

  18. CERN Central Library : 2000 year old technology transfer. Two fragments of columns from a Roman building discovered during excavations for the PS in 1956 have prominent places in the Library where they can be enjoyed by all

    CERN Multimedia

    Laurent Guiraud

    2001-01-01

    CERN Central Library : 2000 year old technology transfer. Two fragments of columns from a Roman building discovered during excavations for the PS in 1956 have prominent places in the Library where they can be enjoyed by all

  19. User Characteristics、User Involvement and Technology Acceptance in Library Automation System Usage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piching Chu

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks into the relationship of user characteristics, user involvement and technology acceptance, also try to find the relationship of the above three variables and library automation system usage. By interview and questionnaire study, the results are described, according to the analysis of the relative literature and the main conclusions, the researcher offers some suggestions for improving the system usage.[Article content in Chinese

  20. Debunking the Computer Science Digital Library: Lessons Learned in Collection Development at Seneca College of Applied Arts & Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buczynski, James Andrew

    2005-01-01

    Developing a library collection to support the curriculum of Canada's largest computer studies school has debunked many myths about collecting computer science and technology information resources. Computer science students are among the heaviest print book and e-book users in the library. Circulation statistics indicate that the demand for print…

  1. ENDF/B-VII.0: Next Generation Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Nuclear Science and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chadwick, M B; Oblozinsky, P; Herman, M; Greene, N M; McKnight, R D; Smith, D L; Young, P G; MacFarlane, R E; Hale, G M; Haight, R C; Frankle, S; Kahler, A C; Kawano, T; Little, R C; Madland, D G; Moller, P; Mosteller, R; Page, P; Talou, P; Trellue, H; White, M; Wilson, W B; Arcilla, R; Dunford, C L; Mughabghab, S F; Pritychenko, B; Rochman, D; Sonzogni, A A; Lubitz, C; Trumbull, T H; Weinman, J; Brown, D; Cullen, D E; Heinrichs, D; McNabb, D; Derrien, H; Dunn, M; Larson, N M; Leal, L C; Carlson, A D; Block, R C; Briggs, B; Cheng, E; Huria, H; Kozier, K; Courcelle, A; Pronyaev, V; der Marck, S

    2006-10-02

    We describe the next generation general purpose Evaluated Nuclear Data File, ENDF/B-VII.0, of recommended nuclear data for advanced nuclear science and technology applications. The library, released by the U.S. Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) in December 2006, contains data primarily for reactions with incident neutrons, protons, and photons on almost 400 isotopes. The new evaluations are based on both experimental data and nuclear reaction theory predictions. The principal advances over the previous ENDF/B-VI library are the following: (1) New cross sections for U, Pu, Th, Np and Am actinide isotopes, with improved performance in integral validation criticality and neutron transmission benchmark tests; (2) More precise standard cross sections for neutron reactions on H, {sup 6}Li, {sup 10}B, Au and for {sup 235,238}U fission, developed by a collaboration with the IAEA and the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC); (3) Improved thermal neutron scattering; (4) An extensive set of neutron cross sections on fission products developed through a WPEC collaboration; (5) A large suite of photonuclear reactions; (6) Extension of many neutron- and proton-induced reactions up to an energy of 150 MeV; (7) Many new light nucleus neutron and proton reactions; (8) Post-fission beta-delayed photon decay spectra; (9) New radioactive decay data; and (10) New methods developed to provide uncertainties and covariances, together with covariance evaluations for some sample cases. The paper provides an overview of this library, consisting of 14 sublibraries in the same, ENDF-6 format, as the earlier ENDF/B-VI library. We describe each of the 14 sublibraries, focusing on neutron reactions. Extensive validation, using radiation transport codes to simulate measured critical assemblies, show major improvements: (a) The long-standing underprediction of low enriched U thermal assemblies is removed; (b) The {sup 238}U, {sup 208}Pb, and {sup 9}Be reflector

  2. ENDF/B-VII.0: Next Generation Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Nuclear Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadwick, M. B.; Obložinský, P.; Herman, M.; Greene, N. M.; McKnight, R. D.; Smith, D. L.; Young, P. G.; MacFarlane, R. E.; Hale, G. M.; Frankle, S. C.; Kahler, A. C.; Kawano, T.; Little, R. C.; Madland, D. G.; Moller, P.; Mosteller, R. D.; Page, P. R.; Talou, P.; Trellue, H.; White, M. C.; Wilson, W. B.; Arcilla, R.; Dunford, C. L.; Mughabghab, S. F.; Pritychenko, B.; Rochman, D.; Sonzogni, A. A.; Lubitz, C. R.; Trumbull, T. H.; Weinman, J. P.; Brown, D. A.; Cullen, D. E.; Heinrichs, D. P.; McNabb, D. P.; Derrien, H.; Dunn, M. E.; Larson, N. M.; Leal, L. C.; Carlson, A. D.; Block, R. C.; Briggs, J. B.; Cheng, E. T.; Huria, H. C.; Zerkle, M. L.; Kozier, K. S.; Courcelle, A.; Pronyaev, V.; van der Marck, S. C.

    2006-12-01

    We describe the next generation general purpose Evaluated Nuclear Data File, ENDF/B-VII.0, of recommended nuclear data for advanced nuclear science and technology applications. The library, released by the U.S. Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) in December 2006, contains data primarily for reactions with incident neutrons, protons, and photons on almost 400 isotopes, based on experimental data and theory predictions. The principal advances over the previous ENDF/B-VI library are the following: (1) New cross sections for U, Pu, Th, Np and Am actinide isotopes, with improved performance in integral validation criticality and neutron transmission benchmark tests; (2) More precise standard cross sections for neutron reactions on H, 6Li, 10B, Au and for 235,238U fission, developed by a collaboration with the IAEA and the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC); (3) Improved thermal neutron scattering; (4) An extensive set of neutron cross sections on fission products developed through a WPEC collaboration; (5) A large suite of photonuclear reactions; (6) Extension of many neutron- and proton-induced evaluations up to 150 MeV; (7) Many new light nucleus neutron and proton reactions; (8) Post-fission beta-delayed photon decay spectra; (9) New radioactive decay data; (10) New methods for uncertainties and covariances, together with covariance evaluations for some sample cases; and (11) New actinide fission energy deposition. The paper provides an overview of this library, consisting of 14 sublibraries in the same ENDF-6 format as the earlier ENDF/B-VI library. We describe each of the 14 sublibraries, focusing on neutron reactions. Extensive validation, using radiation transport codes to simulate measured critical assemblies, show major improvements: (a) The long-standing underprediction of low enriched uranium thermal assemblies is removed; (b) The 238U and 208Pb reflector biases in fast systems are largely removed; (c) ENDF/B-VI.8 good

  3. Optical Disk Technology and the Library. Part 1: The Technology and Its Applications. Part 2: The National Library Videodisc Demonstration Project. Canadian Network Papers Number 9 = Technologie du Videodisque et la Bibliotheque. Premiere partie: La Technologie et ses Applications. Deuxieme partie: Projet de Demonstration du Videodisque a la Bibliotheque Nationale. Documents sur les Reseaux Canadiens Numero 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesne, Roddy; Sonnemann, Sabine S.

    This report is intended to assist Canadian libraries in assessing potential library applications of optical disk technology. Part 1 provides a general outline of the technology and describes a number of library applications and projects. Descriptions are purposely general and illustrative in nature since the technology and its applications are…

  4. Optical Disk Technology and the Library. Part 1: The Technology and Its Applications. Part 2: The National Library Videodisc Demonstration Project. Canadian Network Papers Number 9 = Technologie du Videodisque et la Bibliotheque. Premiere partie: La Technologie et ses Applications. Deuxieme partie: Projet de Demonstration du Videodisque a la Bibliotheque Nationale. Documents sur les Reseaux Canadiens Numero 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesne, Roddy; Sonnemann, Sabine S.

    This report is intended to assist Canadian libraries in assessing potential library applications of optical disk technology. Part 1 provides a general outline of the technology and describes a number of library applications and projects. Descriptions are purposely general and illustrative in nature since the technology and its applications are…

  5. Factors Influencing Adoption of Information Technology Infrastructure Library: Utilizing the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Din S. Z.

    2013-01-01

    There is a shortage of evidence based research that provides organizations with the necessary information in support of their technology adoption decisions in relation to ITSM technologies. As such, this research study attempted to bridge the gap by offering insight on possible factors that could influence such decisions. An examination of…

  6. Factors Influencing Adoption of Information Technology Infrastructure Library: Utilizing the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Din S. Z.

    2013-01-01

    There is a shortage of evidence based research that provides organizations with the necessary information in support of their technology adoption decisions in relation to ITSM technologies. As such, this research study attempted to bridge the gap by offering insight on possible factors that could influence such decisions. An examination of…

  7. "Measuring Operational Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library (IIL) and the Impact of Critical Facilities Inclusion in the Process."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodell, Eric A.

    2013-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) professionals use the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) process to better manage their business operations, measure performance, improve reliability and lower costs. This study examined the operational results of those data centers using ITIL against those that do not, and whether the results change…

  8. The Mobile Library and Staff Preparedness: Exploring Staff Competencies Using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saravani, Sarah-Jane; Haddow, Gaby

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents preliminary findings of a study investigating the current state of preparedness of staff at institutes of technology and TAFE libraries across Australia and New Zealand in relation to delivering services through mobile technologies. In particular, the skills, knowledge, and competencies of staff in relation to mobile…

  9. "Measuring Operational Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library (IIL) and the Impact of Critical Facilities Inclusion in the Process."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodell, Eric A.

    2013-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) professionals use the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) process to better manage their business operations, measure performance, improve reliability and lower costs. This study examined the operational results of those data centers using ITIL against those that do not, and whether the results change…

  10. Life in the "Real World": A Profile of Queensland University of Technology Library and Information Science Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Tracey; Partridge, Helen

    2010-01-01

    A graduate destination survey can provide a snap shot in time of a graduate's career progression and outcome. This paper will present the results of a Queensland University of Technology study exploring the employment outcomes of students who had completed a library and information science course from the Faculty of Information Technology between…

  11. Utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Resources and Job Effectiveness among Library Staff in the University of Calabar and Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntui, Aniebiet Inyang; Inyang, Comfort Linus

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) resources and job effectiveness among library staff in the University of Calabar and Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, four hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted…

  12. Gamma-Ray Library and Uncertainty Analysis: Passively Emitted Gamma Rays Used in Safeguards Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, W

    2009-09-18

    Non-destructive gamma-ray analysis is a fundamental part of nuclear safeguards, including nuclear energy safeguards technology. Developing safeguards capabilities for nuclear energy will certainly benefit from the advanced use of gamma-ray spectroscopy as well as the ability to model various reactor scenarios. There is currently a wide variety of nuclear data that could be used in computer modeling and gamma-ray spectroscopy analysis. The data can be discrepant (with varying uncertainties), and it may difficult for a modeler or software developer to determine the best nuclear data set for a particular situation. To use gamma-ray spectroscopy to determine the relative isotopic composition of nuclear materials, the gamma-ray energies and the branching ratios or intensities of the gamma-rays emitted from the nuclides in the material must be well known. A variety of computer simulation codes will be used during the development of the nuclear energy safeguards, and, to compare the results of various codes, it will be essential to have all the {gamma}-ray libraries agree. Assessing our nuclear data needs allows us to create a prioritized list of desired measurements, and provides uncertainties for energies and especially for branching intensities. Of interest are actinides, fission products, and activation products, and most particularly mixtures of all of these radioactive isotopes, including mixtures of actinides and other products. Recent work includes the development of new detectors with increased energy resolution, and studies of gamma-rays and their lines used in simulation codes. Because new detectors are being developed, there is an increased need for well known nuclear data for radioactive isotopes of some elements. Safeguards technology should take advantage of all types of gamma-ray detectors, including new super cooled detectors, germanium detectors and cadmium zinc telluride detectors. Mixed isotopes, particularly mixed actinides found in nuclear reactor

  13. U.S. Public Libraries and Web Technologies: What's Happening Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgren, Jamie E.; Lietzau, Zeth

    2011-01-01

    In 2008, we started by pulling a sample of 483 public libraries from across the country, using 2007 public library annual report data. Because small libraries have different needs and resources than larger libraries, we stratified the sample to make comparisons by size, according to the following population groups: fewer than 10,000 served;…

  14. U.S. Public Libraries and Web Technologies: What's Happening Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgren, Jamie E.; Lietzau, Zeth

    2011-01-01

    In 2008, we started by pulling a sample of 483 public libraries from across the country, using 2007 public library annual report data. Because small libraries have different needs and resources than larger libraries, we stratified the sample to make comparisons by size, according to the following population groups: fewer than 10,000 served;…

  15. Technological Advances Impacting Libraries and Libraries of the Future Kütüphaneleri Etkileyen Teknolojik Yenilikler ve Geleceğin Kütüphaneleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazan Özenç Uçak

    1995-03-01

    Full Text Available Developments in libraries which began with the use of computers accelerate with the emergence of new technologies every day. Especially, the widespread use of microcomputers, developments in communication and optic disk technologies, and the use ofartifxcal intelligence and expert systems in libraries have impact upon the library profession. The assortment, quality and speed of library services have increased due to these developments. Along with the technological advances, the organizational structure of , and the management approcah to, libraries changes, too. These ongoing changes bring forth the question of what would happen to the libraries and librarianship of the future. Kütüphanelerde bilgisayarların kullanımı ile başlayan gelişmeler, her geçen gün yeni teknolojilerin ortaya çıkmasıyla giderek büyümektedir, özellikle mikrobilgisayarların geniş kullanım alanı bulması, iletişim teknolojisinin hızlı gelişimi, optik disk teknolojisindeki yenilikler, yapay zeka ve uzman sistemlerden kütüphanecilik alanında yararlanılabilmesi kütüphanecilik mesleğini etkilemektedir. Bu gelişmelere bağlı olarak verilen hizmetlerin çeşidi, niteliği ve hızı artmaktadır. Kütüphanelerin Örgüt yapılarında, yönetim anlayışlarında da değişimler söz konusudur. Bugün yaşanan bu değişimler geleceğin kütüphanelerinin ve kütüphaneciliğinin neolacağı sorularını gündeme getirmektedir.

  16. Sharing of information and knowledge among staff in King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) library

    KAUST Repository

    Ramli, Rindra M.

    2011-03-01

    This paper describes strategies and initiatives undertaken by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) library in sharing information and knowledge among its staff. KAUST Library adopted several IT platforms to enable staff to contribute, share, collaborate, extract and act upon knowledge in order to serve our users better. They include: Sharepoint and Google Docs. As Duffy (2000) stated, that “success depends on capitalizing on every available resource including what a company knows and how it uses what it knows”. Therefore, to provide value-added services to our community of researchers and academicians, library staff needs to be equipped with the right skills and tools to be able to act upon users’ inquiries and information needs. KAUST library which was opened in Aug 2009 aims to support education and advanced scientific research. With its state of the art learning and information resource center, the library provides instructional assistance and reference services to its research and academic community. With the influx of information coupled the pervasive use of information technology and Web2.0, the library has to grapple with the issue of information overload. It is important to be able to sieve through the rubbles of information to apply the relevant ones during the point of transaction. Based on our experience in using various IT platforms, this paper will share the impacts of such tools. Lessons learnt and future directions in this area will also be discussed.

  17. OCLC as a source for copy cataloguing in the Central Technological Library?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Petek

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Central Technological Library (CTK, we tried to find out whether cataloguing of monographs could be economized by using outside cataloguing source.A short survey of the availability of a catalog copy on OCLC was conducted. A sample of 50 items of cataloging records, created by the CTK for COBISS was searched for matching records in OCLC, and a catalog copy was found in 74% of the cases. The records were compared and only slight differences were assessed,in spite of different cataloging rules and different machine readable formats used.The downloading of the records from OCLC into COBISS from the perspective of time efficiency should be tested as well.

  18. Green Building Retrofit for the Library of Indian Institute Technology, Roorkee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naphade, A.; Sharma, A.; Chani, P. S.; Garg, P.

    2013-03-01

    The major focus world over is on constructing environment friendly buildings. Buildings symbolize uncontrolled consumption of energy and natural resources and also have negative environmental impact. In India, the residential and commercial sector consumes 30 % of the total electricity usage of the country and a major portion of this is used in buildings. Designing and developing new buildings based on the energy efficiency concept and applying retrofit options to the existing buildings could improve the energy use in the building sector. This paper studies an existing building, Central Library of Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, and recommends retrofit options for sustainable aspects such as site planning, energy and water use, materials and resources and indoor environment quality. The results of this study can be utilized for green retrofits of the other buildings in the campus.

  19. Addressing Rural Library Technology Budgets with Single Board Computers: Testing the APC 8950 Rock Circuit Board Computer for Patron Access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael D. Wells

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, libraries have faced enormous budgetary challenges when it comes to implementing new technologies. These challenges are very pronounced in rural areas where libraries struggle to develop and define a path for purchasing and replacing systems that have become outdated. The author attempted to create a unit to replace aging OPAC terminals and to provide a low cost computing option for budget constrained rural libraries. The initial attempt detailed in this paper involved purchasing and configuring an APC 8950 Rock single board computer. Unfortunately, due to limitations of this APC unit’s existing Android based operating system, the initial effort failed to yield a computer that could be used in a library by average patrons. Future plans are outlined for the development of a second system using the more broadly accepted Raspberry Pi platform. The success of this technological endeavor may empower libraries and patrons in their communities to have more control of the technology they develop and use in the future.

  20. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  1. MAPPING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE LIBRARY WITH OTHER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS AND BEST PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Mubashir Ali

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology (IT has become an important strategic resource that any organization has to manage. It has been recognized that IT services are crucial and strategic organizational assets, therefore, organizations are investing considerable amount of resources into the support and delivery of IT services and the systems that underpins them. Various IT standards and IT best practices are being implemented by the enterprises to support their business and IT services. A number of these standards are different from others but they contain some similarities. This study discusses these IT standards and best practices and maps their processes to ITIL. CobiT, ISO/IEC 27002-2005, Six Sigma, TOGAF, eTOM, CMMI, PCI DSS and Common Security Framework (CSF processes will be mapped to ITIL processes. This study will show the similarities between several IT standards and ITIL that helps in adopting these standards concurrently with ITIL. ITIL and other standards have many similarities that will benefit enterprises in implementing these standards concurrently.

  2. The Application of ElGamal Encryption Technology to the Information Security of Digital Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Fu jun

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available     Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazard of digital library, and then makes an analysis aiming at the information security of digital library, and finally puts forward an algorithm based on ElGamal encryption to protect library information encryptedly, and effectively guarantee the information security of digital library.

  3. LC21-Hopes and Cautions for the Library of Congress; The NSF National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: A Progress Report; A Grammar of Dublin Core; Measuring the Impact of an Electronic Journal Collection on Library Costs: A Framework and Preliminary Observations; Emulation As a Digital Preservation Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, James J.; Zia, Lee L.; Baker, Thomas; Montgomery, Carol Hansen; Granger, Stewart

    2000-01-01

    Includes five articles: (1) discusses Library of Congress efforts to include digital materials; (2) describes the National Science Foundation (NSF) digital library program to improve science, math, engineering, and technology education; (3) explains Dublin Core grammar; (4) measures the impact of electronic journals on library costs; and (5)…

  4. Creating Tomorrow's Technologists: Contrasting Information Technology Curriculum in North American Library and Information Science Graduate Programs against Code4lib Job Listings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maceli, Monica

    2015-01-01

    This research study explores technology-related course offerings in ALA-accredited library and information science (LIS) graduate programs in North America. These data are juxtaposed against a text analysis of several thousand LIS-specific technology job listings from the Code4lib jobs website. Starting in 2003, as a popular library technology…

  5. Creating Tomorrow's Technologists: Contrasting Information Technology Curriculum in North American Library and Information Science Graduate Programs against Code4lib Job Listings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maceli, Monica

    2015-01-01

    This research study explores technology-related course offerings in ALA-accredited library and information science (LIS) graduate programs in North America. These data are juxtaposed against a text analysis of several thousand LIS-specific technology job listings from the Code4lib jobs website. Starting in 2003, as a popular library technology…

  6. Impact of Using Information Technology in Central University Libraries in India: Results of a Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyala, Venkataramana

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a research study conducted to assess the perceptions and opinions of 100 staff working in libraries on the impact of using IT on library housekeeping operations and information services, in eight central university libraries in India. Design/methodology/approach: Data gathering…

  7. Using Mobile Technology to Observe Student Study Behaviors and Track Library Space Usage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Libraries have become increasingly interested in studying the use of spaces within their buildings. Traditional methods for tracking library building use, such as gate counts, provide little information on what patrons do once they are in the library; therefore, new methods for studying space usage are being developed. Particularly promising are…

  8. Training the Next Generation of Open Source Developers: A Case Study of OSU Libraries & Press’ Technology Training Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evviva Weinraub Lajoie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Emerging Technologies & Services department at Oregon State University Libraries & Press has implemented a training program for our technology student employees on how and why they should engage in Open Source community development. This article will outline what they've done to implement this program, discuss the benefits they've seen as a result of these changes, and will talk about what they viewed as necessary to build and promote a culture of engagement in open communities.

  9. Built on the Internet of Things technology library culture%基于物联网技术的图书馆文化构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟玉梅

    2012-01-01

    随着物联网技术在图书馆的应用,图书馆文化建设的重要性日益突显,图书馆文化已成为图书馆持续发展不可或缺的重要组成部分。阐述了物联网技术的概念、对图书馆的意义、在图书馆的应用情况,图书馆文化及其建设的作用,以及物联网技术下图书馆文化建设存在的问题,在此基础上构建了适应物联网技术应用下的图书馆文化,以促进图书馆事业的创新和发展。%With the increasingly highlight the importance of the Intemet of Things technology in the library, a library and cultural construction, libraries and culture has become a library indispensable part of sustainable development. This paper describes the concept of Internet of Things technology, the significance of the library in the Library, the role of the library culture and its construction, and Library Culture in the Intemet of Things technology, built on this basis adapt the culture of the Internet of Things technology library in order to promote the cause of innovation and development of the library.

  10. The college students’ response to customized information services based on Library2.0 technologies at universities in Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei; LIU; Yinghua; FENG; Yi; JIANG

    2011-01-01

    Through a questionnaire survey of students’ response from 6 universities in Nanjing, this paper aims to determine their varying degrees of satisfaction about the customized information service based on Library2.0 technologies. In so doing, the authors carefully examined the data collected from the returned questionnaires about such key issues as the students’ perceptions about the customized information service via a Library2.0platform, self-initiated use experience of such a mechanism, their achieved information searching results vis-à-vis their expectations, etc. In addition, the authors also made a comparative study between information providers(i.e. librarians) and information consumers(i.e. students) at Chinese and American academic libraries.

  11. Preparation of next-generation sequencing libraries using Nextera™ technology: simultaneous DNA fragmentation and adaptor tagging by in vitro transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruccio, Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    DNA library preparation is a common entry point and bottleneck for next-generation sequencing. Current methods generally consist of distinct steps that often involve significant sample loss and hands-on time: DNA fragmentation, end-polishing, and adaptor-ligation. In vitro transposition with Nextera™ Transposomes simultaneously fragments and covalently tags the target DNA, thereby combining these three distinct steps into a single reaction. Platform-specific sequencing adaptors can be added, and the sample can be enriched and bar-coded using limited-cycle PCR to prepare di-tagged DNA fragment libraries. Nextera technology offers a streamlined, efficient, and high-throughput method for generating bar-coded libraries compatible with multiple next-generation sequencing platforms.

  12. Creation of a library tour application for mobile equipment using iBeacon technology

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    We describe the design, development, and deployment of a library tour application utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy devices know as iBeacons. The tour application will serve as library orientation for incoming students. The students visit stations in the library with mobile equipment running a special tour app. When the app detects a beacon nearby, it automatically plays a video that describes the current location. After the tour, students are assessed according to the defined learning objective...

  13. Shock wave science and technology reference library. Vol. 4. Heterogeneous detonation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Fan (ed.) [Defence Research and Development Canada, Suffield, AB (Canada)

    2009-07-01

    This book, as a volume of the Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, is primarily concerned with detonation waves or compression shock waves in reactive heterogeneous media, including mixtures of solid, liquid and gas phases. The topics involve a variety of energy release and control processes in such media - a contemporary research field that has found wide applications in propulsion and power, hazard prevention as well as military engineering. The six extensive chapters contained in this volume are: - Spray Detonation (SB Murray and PA Thibault) - Detonation of Gas-Particle Flow (F Zhang) - Slurry Detonation (DL Frost and F Zhang) - Detonation of Metalized Composite Explosives (MF Gogulya and MA Brazhnikov) - Shock-Induced Solid-Solid Reactions and Detonations (YA Gordopolov, SS Batsanov, and VS Trofimov) - Shock Ignition of Particles (SM Frolov and AV Fedorov). Each chapter is self-contained and can be read independently of the others, though, they are thematically interrelated. They offer a timely reference, for graduate students as well as professional scientists and engineers, by laying out the foundations and discussing the latest developments including yet unresolved challenging problems. (orig.)

  14. Design and Test of an Attitude Determination and Control System for a 6U CubeSat using AFIT’s CubeSat Testbed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    DESIGN AND TEST OF AN ATTITUDE DETERMINATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A 6U CUBESAT USING AFIT’S CUBESAT TESTBED THESIS Michael L. Tibbs, 2nd Lieutenant...work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. AFIT-ENY-MS-15-M-240 DESIGN AND TEST OF AN ATTITUDE ...DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. AFIT-ENY-MS-15-M-240 DESIGN AND TEST OF AN ATTITUDE DETERMINATION AND CONTROL

  15. The Convergence of Information Technology, Data, and Management in a Library Imaging Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    France, Fenella G.; Emery, Doug; Toth, Michael B.

    2010-01-01

    Integrating advanced imaging and processing capabilities in libraries, archives, and museums requires effective systems and information management to ensure that the large amounts of digital data about cultural artifacts can be readily acquired, stored, archived, accessed, processed, and linked to other data. The Library of Congress is developing…

  16. Take the Template and Run: Austin Community College’s Student Library and Technology Use Study

    OpenAIRE

    Ellie Collier

    2010-01-01

    In the Library with the Lead Pipe welcomes guest author Adrian Whatley. Adrian Whatley is the e-Resources Librarian at Austin Community College. She views her job as connecting students to the information they need in the easiest, most time-efficient manner possible. Part One: Setting the Stage Austin Community College Library Services (ACCLS), like many academic [...

  17. Take the Template and Run: Austin Community College’s Student Library and Technology Use Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellie Collier

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Library with the Lead Pipe welcomes guest author Adrian Whatley. Adrian Whatley is the e-Resources Librarian at Austin Community College. She views her job as connecting students to the information they need in the easiest, most time-efficient manner possible. Part One: Setting the Stage Austin Community College Library Services (ACCLS, like many academic [...

  18. Expedient preparation of nazlinine and a small library of indole alkaloids using flow electrochemistry as an enabling technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabeshov, Mikhail A; Musio, Biagia; Murray, Philip R D; Browne, Duncan L; Ley, Steven V

    2014-09-05

    An expedient synthesis of the indole alkaloid nazlinine is reported. Judicious choice of flow electrochemistry as an enabling technology has permitted the rapid generation of a small library of unnatural relatives of this biologically active molecule. Furthermore, by conducting the key electrochemical Shono oxidation in a flow cell, the loading of electrolyte can be significantly reduced to 20 mol % while maintaining a stable, broadly applicable process.

  19. RFID技术应用于图书馆服务的优势--以桂林电子科技大学图书馆为例%The advantage of RFID technology application in library service--Taking the library of Guilin University of Electronic Technology as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田金萍

    2013-01-01

    Development of Information technology and network technology, the development of the library provides a new technical means, RFID identification technology in library development library is another innovation, and the library has greatly enhanced the efficiency and service quality. In this paper, Shenzhen Library and other library applications developed RFID, for example, in Guilin university of electronic technology library is still in the original sense of the forms of service, compared with the developed libraries to the benefits to the circulation of focus described RFID technology in libraries is a new development of library services and the inevitable trend.%信息技术和网络技术的发展,为图书馆的发展提供了新的技术手段,RFID射频识别技术应用于图书馆是图书馆发展的又一创新,大大提高了图书馆的工作效率和服务质量。文章以RFID技术和条形码技术之比较,阐明RFID技术应用与图书馆的优势,揭示了桂林电子科技大学图书馆更换为RFID系统的必要性和必然性,是提高图书馆服务学科建设的必然趋势,具有前瞻性。

  20. "Open Relationships, De-Facto Marriages, or Shotgun Weddings?": The Convergence and Integration of Libraries and Computing/Information Technology Services within Australian Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayers, Richard

    2001-01-01

    Identifies issues involved with the convergence and/or integration of library, computing, and information technology services in Australian universities. Investigates the impacts of integration of services on university libraries and their clients and recommends strategies for the successful management of convergence and integration involving…

  1. 云计算服务与图书馆建设%Cloud Technology Services and Library Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑敏

    2014-01-01

    The coming of cloud technology has focused the world ’ s attention ,on account of it ’ s substantial advanta-ges.Not merely it has the infinite data storage space ,which more than the data capacity millions of computers can accommodate ,but also the update ability of information content ,which can meet the growing needs of large amounts of information and provide the solution for the huge data storage ,and powerful data calculation ability .In cloud com-puting,library resources and library services can storage and read efficiently , and realize information sharing re-source efficiently .The application of cloud technology in the course of library development has great significance to the management and development of modern library ,especially in the digital library .%云技术的产生让世界瞩目,云计算技术拥有无限大的数据存储空间,拥有上百万台计算机可容纳海量数据,可随时更新信息内容,且能满足大量信息的增长的需发,为图书馆庞大的数据存储提供了解决方案,云计算拥有超强的数据计算能力,在云计算中,图书馆资源与图书馆服务更加高速高效的存储和读取,真正实现信息资源高效共享。将云技术应用到图书馆建设领域,对现代图书馆特别是数字图书馆的管理和发展有着重大的意义。

  2. The Research and Development of the Technologies in Component Library%构件库技术的研究与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘颖; 赵俊峰; 谢冰

    2003-01-01

    The retrieval and management of components play important roles on the Component Based Software De-velopment (CBSD), which is an effective way to support software reuse. Reusable component library is one of thefoundation establishments in it. It is well able to provide component representation, classification, certification, stor-age, retrieval, evaluation and feedback, interoperable libraries, etc. This paper is a summarization on the technolo-gies in component library. It introduces their current status, presents four component libraries, and outlines the fu-ture trends.

  3. A Molecular Chipper technology for CRISPR sgRNA library generation and functional mapping of noncoding regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Jijun; Roden, Christine A; Pan, Wen; Zhu, Shu; Baccei, Anna; Pan, Xinghua; Jiang, Tingting; Kluger, Yuval; Weissman, Sherman M; Guo, Shangqin; Flavell, Richard A; Ding, Ye; Lu, Jun

    2016-03-30

    Clustered regularly-interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-based genetic screens using single-guide-RNA (sgRNA) libraries have proven powerful to identify genetic regulators. Applying CRISPR screens to interrogate functional elements in noncoding regions requires generating sgRNA libraries that are densely covering, and ideally inexpensive, easy to implement and flexible for customization. Here we present a Molecular Chipper technology for generating dense sgRNA libraries for genomic regions of interest, and a proof-of-principle screen that identifies novel cis-regulatory domains for miR-142 biogenesis. The Molecular Chipper approach utilizes a combination of random fragmentation and a type III restriction enzyme to derive a densely covering sgRNA library from input DNA. Applying this approach to 17 microRNAs and their flanking regions and with a reporter for miR-142 activity, we identify both the pre-miR-142 region and two previously unrecognized cis-domains important for miR-142 biogenesis, with the latter regulating miR-142 processing. This strategy will be useful for identifying functional noncoding elements in mammalian genomes.

  4. Information and Communication Technology (ICT in Public Libraries: the Analysis of a Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Bon

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available EXTENDED ABSTRACTPurpose: The article presents and analyses data about ICT equipment (herein after referred to as ICT in public libraries and compares them with requirements of some national and international professional guidelines and rules.Methodology / Approach: In 2010 area regional libraries (herein after referred to as regional libraries collected data on ICT in public libraries in their region resulting in the state-of-the art analysis of a certain region. On the basis of data gathered the Library System Development Centre (LSDC at the National and University Library presented a state level analysis of the ICT equipment in libraries.Results: It was stated that by increasing the number of computer workstations (herein after referred to as CW in 2010 the plan of the Resolution of national programme for culture 2008-2011 concerning the number of personal computers was attained. Other ICT equipment was modernised, too. From the point of view of professional guidelines (Standards, 2005 the number of CW is far from being reached. Just over thirty-four per cent (34,35 % or 1.356 CW out of 2.050 CW needed considering the population size and library network of required CW per 1.000 potential users were recorded. Minimum requirements for the number of CW as recommended in professional rules (Pravilnik o pogojih za izvajanje knjižnične dejavnosti kot javne službe have not been met in one region only. The state-of-the-art was taken into account not respecting recommendations for the distributed library network organisation as set in the guidelines. Only one region met the requirements regarding the number of CW, however their equipment was outdated. The analysis showed that 43% of CW in public libraries were older than 5 years with outdated software using Microsoft Windows XP operational system leading to serious risks in the next two years. Thus, the upgrading of the 74 % of CW using Windows XP is inevitable. The number of ICT professional staff

  5. Real-time virtual reference service based on applicable artificial intelligence technologies:The début of the robot Xiaotu at Tsinghua University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei; YAO; Lei; JI; Chengyu; ZHANG; Wu; CHEN

    2011-01-01

    The adoption of applicable artificial intelligence technologies to library real-time virtual reference services is an innovative experimentation in one of the key areas of library services.Based on the open source software Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity(A.L.I.C.E.)and a combined application of several other relevant supporting technologies for facilitating the use of the current existing library resources,Tsinghua University Library has recently developed a real-time smart talking robot,named Xiaotu,for the enhancement of its various service functions,such as reference services,book searching,Baidu Baike searching,self-directed learning,etc.The operation of Xiaotu is programmed into Renren website(a social networking website),which adds significantly an innovative feature to the modus operandi of the real-time virtual reference service at Tsinghua University Library.

  6. RFID技术在高校图书馆的应用与研究%RFID technology application and research in university library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王铁; 董四十九

    2012-01-01

    简要论述了RFID技术在高校图书馆的应用与研究,对UHF-RFID和HF-RFID技术在图书馆中的应用进行了比较,对UHF-RFID在未来图书馆发展中的作用进行了展望。%This paper briefly discussed the RFID technology application and research in university library, UHF-RFID and HF-RFID technology application in library were compared, put forward UHF-RFID development and its application prospects in future library.

  7. Technostress and Library Values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Discusses information overload and society's and libraries' responses to technology. Considers eight values that libraries should focus on and how they relate to technology in libraries: democracy, stewardship, service, intellectual freedom, privacy, rationalism, equity of access, and building harmony and balance. (LRW)

  8. Creation of a Library Tour Application for Mobile Equipment using iBeacon Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Bradley

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We describe the design, development, and deployment of a library tour application utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy devices know as iBeacons. The tour application will serve as library orientation for incoming students. The students visit stations in the library with mobile equipment running a special tour app. When the app detects a beacon nearby, it automatically plays a video that describes the current location. After the tour, students are assessed according to the defined learning objectives. Special attention is given to issues encountered during development, deployment, content creation, and testing of this application that depend on functioning hardware, and the necessity of appointing a project manager to limit scope, define priorities, and create an actionable plan for the experiment.

  9. Teaching, Learning and Technology for Concurrent-Use Programs: The Partnership Library Experience in Central Florida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mem Stahley

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to share the local context and strategies implemented at community college- university locations to address educational needs in partnering area campus locations. Working strategies include providing quality faculty and accredited programs of study fully supported with local library resources and full-text access for lower and upper division research. The discussion begins with a review of the legislative and higher education initiatives that advanced joint and concurrent-use programs in Florida. Next, the author presents the community college curriculum with supporting library access and resources for concurrent-use programs in partnership with the university. Last, the reciprocal university concurrent-use curriculum with supporting library access and services is presented. The University of Central Florida s partnership and concurrent-use program extends to six community colleges at 13 sites.

  10. Integration of Library Services in the System of Digital Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezdushnyj, A. N.; Kalenov, N. E.; Kouriv, P. M.; Serebryakov, V. A.

    The article is devoted to the functional extension of the Integrated System of Information Resources of RAS (ISIR RAS - RFBR 99-07-90139 project). This extension (Library Subsystem) provides integration of library services in ISIR RAS electronic libraries system. Library Subsystem implements standard library services such as information about free and ordered copies of editions, creation of the library orders for edition etc. The Library Subsystem is an integrated solution; it's based on ISIR data model and technologies.

  11. Speakeasy Studio and Cafe: Information Literacy, Web-based Library Instruction, and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of academic library instruction and information literacy focuses on a Web-based program developed at Washington State University called Speakeasy Studio and Cafe that is used for bibliographic instruction. Highlights include the research process; asking the right question; and adapting to students' differing learning styles. (LRW)

  12. Software Technology for Adaptable, Reliable System (STARS) Program. Reuse Library Process Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Process Model described in this document is part of the Guidebook requirements for the STARS Reuse Library described in Subtask IS40.3 of the S...Increment Task Proposal for STARS. The objective of a Process Model is to formally characterize the various processes that take place in the context of

  13. Speakeasy Studio and Cafe: Information Literacy, Web-based Library Instruction, and Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of academic library instruction and information literacy focuses on a Web-based program developed at Washington State University called Speakeasy Studio and Cafe that is used for bibliographic instruction. Highlights include the research process; asking the right question; and adapting to students' differing learning styles. (LRW)

  14. SSR-Patchwork: An Optimized Protocol to Obtain a Rapid and Inexpensive SSR Library Using First-Generation Sequencing Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonietta Di Maio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Premise of the study: We have optimized a version of a microsatellite loci isolation protocol for first-generation sequencing (FGS technologies. The protocol is optimized to reduce the cost and number of steps, and it combines some procedures from previous simple sequence repeat (SSR protocols with several key improvements that significantly affect the final yield of the SSR library. This protocol may be accessible for laboratories with a moderate budget or for which next-generation sequencing (NGS is not readily available. Methods and Results: We drew from classic protocols for library enrichment by digestion, ligation, amplification, hybridization, cloning, and sequencing. Three different systems were chosen: two with very different genome sizes (Galdieria sulphuraria, 10 Mbp; Pancratium maritimum, 30000 Mbp, and a third with an undetermined genome size (Kochia saxicola. Moreover, we also report the optimization of the sequencing reagents. A good frequency of the obtained microsatellite loci was achieved. Conclusions: The method presented here is very detailed; comparative tests with other SSR protocols are also reported. This optimized protocol is a promising tool for low-cost genetic studies and the rapid, simple construction of homemade SSR libraries for small and large genomes.

  15. SSR-patchwork: An optimized protocol to obtain a rapid and inexpensive SSR library using first-generation sequencing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Maio, Antonietta; De Castro, Olga

    2013-01-01

    We have optimized a version of a microsatellite loci isolation protocol for first-generation sequencing (FGS) technologies. The protocol is optimized to reduce the cost and number of steps, and it combines some procedures from previous simple sequence repeat (SSR) protocols with several key improvements that significantly affect the final yield of the SSR library. This protocol may be accessible for laboratories with a moderate budget or for which next-generation sequencing (NGS) is not readily available. • We drew from classic protocols for library enrichment by digestion, ligation, amplification, hybridization, cloning, and sequencing. Three different systems were chosen: two with very different genome sizes (Galdieria sulphuraria, 10 Mbp; Pancratium maritimum, 30 000 Mbp), and a third with an undetermined genome size (Kochia saxicola). Moreover, we also report the optimization of the sequencing reagents. A good frequency of the obtained microsatellite loci was achieved. • The method presented here is very detailed; comparative tests with other SSR protocols are also reported. This optimized protocol is a promising tool for low-cost genetic studies and the rapid, simple construction of homemade SSR libraries for small and large genomes.

  16. Optical Disc Applications in Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre, Pamela Q. J.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses a variety of library applications of optical disc storage technology, including CD-ROM, digital videodisc, and WORM. Research and development projects at the Library of Congress, National Library of Medicine, and National Agricultural Library are described, products offered by library networks are reviewed, and activities in academic and…

  17. Study on the library construction of using RFID technology%RFID技术应用于图书馆的构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 刘涛; 杜亮

    2016-01-01

    通过与条形码技术相比较,介绍RFID技术自身所有具有的优势特点。然后,调研和分析得出目前RFID技术在国内外图书馆中的使用现状和在各类图书馆中的具体应用,为将要使用RFID技术构建智慧型图书馆提供有益参考。%The characteristics and advantages of RFID technology is introduced by comparing with the bar code technology . Through the investigation and analysis, both the application present situation of RFID technology in domestic and foreign libraries and its specific application in the library are obtained, which can provide helpful reference for library construction of using RFID technology.

  18. 超高频RFID技术在图书馆的应用分析%Analysis on The Application of UHF RFID Technology in Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文彬

    2011-01-01

    面对在现有图书馆中已经成熟应用的高频RFID技术,超高频RFID技术有哪些优点和不足,大范围推广应用超高频技术存在什么问题,现阶段图书馆应用RFID技术的合理步骤应是怎样,将是本文主要探讨分析的内容。%This paper analyzes the application of RFID technology in the library,discusses the advantages and disadvantages between HF and UHF RFID technology.And then,researches on the problems in applying RFID technology for library.At last,puts forward the steps for library to apply RFID technology.

  19. PROGRESS AND PROSPECT, A SUMMARY OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE COUNCIL ON LIBRARY TECHNOLOGY (TOLEDO, MAY 23-25, 1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    HECKART, RHUA, ED.

    INCLUDED IN THESE PROCEEDINGS ARE SUMMARIES OF THE SPEECHES, PANELS, AND GROUP DISCUSSIONS PRESENTED AT THE CONFERENCE HOSTED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO COMMUNITY AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE. THE TOPICS COVERED INCLUDE--(1) HISTORY AND BACKGROUND ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNCIL ON LIBRARY TECHNOLOGY, (2) THE TECHNOLOGICAL GAP IN TODAY'S SOCIETY, (3)…

  20. Constructing gene-enriched plant genomic libraries using methylation filtration technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabinowicz, Pablo D

    2003-01-01

    Full genome sequencing in higher plants is a very difficult task, because their genomes are often very large and repetitive. For this reason, gene targeted partial genomic sequencing becomes a realistic option. The method reported here is a simple approach to generate gene-enriched plant genomic libraries called methylation filtration. This technique takes advantage of the fact that repetitive DNA is heavily methylated and genes are hypomethylated. Then, by simply using an Escherichia coli host strain harboring a wild-type modified cytosine restriction (McrBC) system, which cuts DNA containing methylcytosine, repetitive DNA is eliminated from these genomic libraries, while low copy DNA (i.e., genes) is recovered. To prevent cloning significant proportions of organelle DNA, a crude nuclear preparation must be performed prior to purifying genomic DNA. Adaptor-mediated cloning and DNA size fractionation are necessary for optimal results.

  1. The publication of scientific data by World Data Centers and the National Library of Science and Technology in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Brase

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available In its 2004 report "Data and information", the International Council for Science (ICSU strongly recommended a new strategic framework for scientific data and information. On an initiative from a working group from the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA, the German Research Foundation (DFG has started the project "Publication and Citation of Scientific Primary Data" as part of the program "Information-infrastructure of network -based scientific-cooperation and digital publication" in 2004. Starting with the field of earth science, the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB is now established as a registration agency for scientific primary data as a member of the International DOI Foundation (IDF.

  2. Information Technology Service Management (ITSM) Implementation Methodology Based on Information Technology Infrastructure Library Ver.3 (ITIL V3)

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Mohamed AlShamy; Essam Elfakharany; Mostafa Abd ElAziem

    2012-01-01

    This paper is intended to cover the concept of IT Infrastructure Library Version 3 (ITIL) v3 andhow to implement it in order to increase the efficiency of any Egyptian IT corporate and to helpthe corporate employees to do their work easily and its clients to feel the quality of servicesprovided to them. ITIL is considered now as the de facto standard framework for IT ServiceManagement (ITSM) in organizations which operate their business which is based on ITinfrastructure and services.ITIL v3 ...

  3. 论技术对新世纪图书馆管理的影响%Influence of Technology to Library in New Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆柳滨

    2012-01-01

    In new century, library management was brought greatly reform with the development of the information technology and computer technology, network technology and multimedia network technology. The purpose of the research is to explore the optimal management of library in the new century and predict the future development of the library management mode. The intelligent management, efficient management and strict management will be brought on-site to library through influence analysis of new technology to library management.%信息技术、计算机技术、网络技术以及多媒体网络技术的发展为图书馆的管理工作带来了极大地改革。研究的目的是为了探求新世纪图书馆的最优化管理,并预测未来图书馆管理的发展模式。通过新技术在图书馆管理的影响分析,得出新技术将带给图书馆的是现场智能化管理、高效化管理和严格化管理。

  4. Utilizing Web 2.0 Technologies for Library Web Tutorials: An Examination of Instruction on Community College Libraries' Websites Serving Large Student Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blummer, Barbara; Kenton, Jeffrey M.

    2015-01-01

    This is the second part of a series on Web 2.0 tools available from community college libraries' Websites. The first article appeared in an earlier volume of this journal and it illustrated the wide variety of Web 2.0 tools on community college libraries' Websites serving large student bodies (Blummer and Kenton 2014). The research found many of…

  5. 关于图书馆科技规划的思考与探索%Thought and Exploration on the Science and Technology Planning of Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱雪刚

    2012-01-01

    The science and technology planning of libraries is the comerstone of the technology development of libraries. Its process includes the project preparation stage, the technology route planning stage and formulating implementation planning stage. The assessment of the science and technology planning of libraries should focus on the investment necessity, technical feasibility, financial feasibility, organizational feasibility and effectiveness feasibility. When formulating the science and technology planning, libraries should obey the library strategic planning, have clear direction; be in line with the library actual situation, and meet the need of the external technical environment; be oriented to users' needs, and take improving the management and service level of libraries as the precondition; avoid the redundant construction, and think from the overall situation; highlight the planning pdodty.%图书馆科技规划是图书馆技术发展的基石,其过程主要包括项目准备阶段、技术路线规划和制定实施计划3个阶段。在对图书馆科技规划评估时必须注重投资必要性、技术可行性、资金可行性、组织可行性、效益可行性。图书馆在制订科技规划时应服从图书馆战略规划,有明确的方向;符合本馆实际。顺应外部技术大环境的需求;以用户需求为导向,以提高图书馆的管理和服务水平为前提;避免重复建设,从全局出发;突出规划重点。

  6. Library as a Partner in Co-Designing Learning Spaces: A Case Study at Tampere University of Technology, Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tevaniemi, Johanna; Poutanen, Jenni; Lähdemäki, Riitta

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a case of co-designed temporary learning spaces at a Finnish academic library, together with the results of a user-survey. The experimental development of the multifunctional spaces offered an opportunity for the library to collaborate with its parent organisation thus broadening the role of the library. Hence, library can be…

  7. Library as a Partner in Co-Designing Learning Spaces: A Case Study at Tampere University of Technology, Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tevaniemi, Johanna; Poutanen, Jenni; Lähdemäki, Riitta

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a case of co-designed temporary learning spaces at a Finnish academic library, together with the results of a user-survey. The experimental development of the multifunctional spaces offered an opportunity for the library to collaborate with its parent organisation thus broadening the role of the library. Hence, library can be…

  8. The Interpretation and Prospect of the Core Technologies of the Smart Library%智慧图书馆核心技术解构与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华

    2015-01-01

    随着移动互联网等技术的不断发展,智慧图书馆已经成为未来图书馆发展的重要趋势,移动互联技术、云计算技术、网动全媒体融合通信技术以及物联网技术等构成当前智慧图书馆的核心技术,它们将在智慧图书馆的演进过程中被广泛运用.%With the continuous development of Internet technology, the smart library has become an important development trend of the library in the future, and the mobile Internet technology, cloud computing technology, network dynamic full media communication technology and IOT(Internet of Things) technology form the current core technologies of the smart library, and they will be widely used in the process of the evolution of the smart library.

  9. Requirements in screening cDNA libraries for new genes and solutions offered by SBH technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drmanac, R.; Drmanac, S.; Labat, I.; Stavropoulos, N.

    1993-12-31

    Under different assumptions about the total number of genes, the number of housekeeping and tissue-specific genes, and the difference in the number of mRNAs per cell for functional and nonfunctional genes, significantly different results can be expected from screening random cDNA clones. We have developed gene expression models as a guide for interpretation of experimental results. For statistical, biological, and technical reasons, the search for 100,000 plus genes and discrimination between nonfunctional, housekeeping, and tissue-specific genes requires the analysis of up to 10 million clones from 20 to 50 tissues. Oligonucleotide hybridization of dense clone blots is an inexpensive and fast way to screen such large clone sets. Our preliminary results on control clones and thousands of cDNA clones from an infant brain library demonstrate the feasibility of the method. We present several models of gene expression and analyze the main factors which can influence the hunt for new genes via the screening of random cDNA libraries. The basic steps in the preparation and use of dense DNA dot arrays are described, and some results that demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of gene inventorying by oligonucleotide hybridization are presented. Furthermore, partial SBH and single-pass gel sequencing are compared and a gene analysis scheme that combines the two approaches is discussed.

  10. Hybrid Placemaking in the Library: Designing Digital Technology to Enhance Users' On-Site Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilandzic, Mark; Johnson, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents research findings and design strategies that illustrate how digital technology can be applied as a tool for "hybrid" placemaking in ways that would not be possible in purely digital or physical spaces. Digital technology has revolutionised the way people learn and gather new information. This trend has challenged the…

  11. A Truly Bookless Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolowich, Steve

    2011-01-01

    The difference between the University of Texas at San Antonio's Applied Engineering and Technology Library and other science-focused libraries is not that its on-site collection is also available electronically. It is that its on-site collection is only available electronically. The idea of libraries with no bound books has been a recurring theme…

  12. Public Library Finance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Marilyn Gell

    This study reviews trends in public library finance; examines recent political, economic, and technological changes; and assesses the impact of these changes on public library services. A history of the public library in America is presented, as well as an analysis of the principles of economics and public finance which reveals that current…

  13. The Electronic, Eclectic Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowlin, Kenneth E.

    1980-01-01

    Utilization of telecommunications and computer technology to increase access to information is identified as a primary goal for public libraries. To further service in the future, libraries should consider database services, online access to library resources, online community conferencing, community databases, network resource sharing,…

  14. Implementation of the Defense Business Operations Fund (DBOF) Policies and Unit Costing in the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    a bussines . The "fee for service" program may enable part of the DOD perform better, but other parts of DOD cannot use the program effectively. You...research or class development. What makes AFRT different from MIT, Harvard , or Yale? 3.1. 1 agree. 0 4. In the era of defense drawdown, the DOD may

  15. What Technology Skills Do Developers Need? A Text Analysis of Job Listings in Library and Information Science (LIS from Jobs.code4lib.org

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Maceli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Technology plays an indisputably vital role in library and information science (LIS work; this rapidly moving landscape can create challenges for practitioners and educators seeking to keep pace with such change.  In pursuit of building our understanding of currently sought technology competencies in developer-oriented positions within LIS, this paper reports the results of a text analysis of a large collection of job listings culled from the Code4lib jobs website.  Beginning over a decade ago as a popular mailing list covering the intersection of technology and library work, the Code4lib organization's current offerings include a website that collects and organizes LIS-related technology job listings.  The results of the text analysis of this dataset suggest the currently vital technology skills and concepts that existing and aspiring practitioners may target in their continuing education as developers.

  16. Development and validation of the AFIT scene and sensor emulator for testing (ASSET)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Shannon R.; Steward, Bryan J.; Gross, Kevin C.

    2017-05-01

    ASSET is a physics-based model used to generate synthetic data sets of wide field of view (WFOV) electro-optical and infrared (EO/IR) sensors with realistic radiometric properties, noise characteristics, and sensor artifacts. It was developed to meet the need for applications where precise knowledge of the underlying truth is required but is impractical to obtain for real sensors. For example, due to accelerating advances in imaging technology, the volume of data available from WFOV EO/IR sensors has drastically increased over the past several decades, and as a result, there is a need for fast, robust, automatic detection and tracking algorithms. Evaluation of these algorithms is difficult for objects that traverse a wide area (100-10,000 km) because obtaining accurate truth for the full object trajectory often requires costly instrumentation. Additionally, tracking and detection algorithms perform differently depending on factors such as the object kinematics, environment, and sensor configuration. A variety of truth data sets spanning these parameters are needed for thorough testing, which is often cost prohibitive. The use of synthetic data sets for algorithm development allows for full control of scene parameters with full knowledge of truth. However, in order for analysis using synthetic data to be meaningful, the data must be truly representative of real sensor collections. ASSET aims to provide a means of generating such representative data sets for WFOV sensors operating in the visible through thermal infrared. The work reported here describes the ASSET model, as well as provides validation results from comparisons to laboratory imagers and satellite data (e.g. Landsat-8).

  17. Finding Inspiration in the Common Core: An Uncommon Opportunity to Refine the Role of the School Library and Technology Planning Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cravey, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts affords school librarians and their planning committees an opportunity to reinvigorate their roles in the school as curators of the school library collection, innovators in the use of instructional technology, and leaders in instructional planning. By focusing on these…

  18. The Impact of Information Behavior in Academic Library Service Quality: A Case Study of the Science and Technology Area in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Marcial, Viviana; Gomez-Camarero, Carmen

    2010-01-01

    This research explores the extent of service quality in Spanish university science and technology libraries, based on the expectations and perceptions of their users: faculty and researchers. Users' information behavior is analyzed with the specially designed BiQual tool, which reveals specific needs such as the greater importance of electronic…

  19. Global and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Changes in Library and Information Studies (LIS): Information Seeking Behaviors of LIS Faculty Members in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polparsi, Jomkwan

    2012-01-01

    This study provides an overview of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Library and Information Studies (LIS) education in Thailand, focusing on challenges and pressures in the information environment of Thai LIS faculty members. This study employed a qualitative research approach, naturalistic inquiry, and inductive data analysis.…

  20. The Impact of Information Behavior in Academic Library Service Quality: A Case Study of the Science and Technology Area in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Marcial, Viviana; Gomez-Camarero, Carmen

    2010-01-01

    This research explores the extent of service quality in Spanish university science and technology libraries, based on the expectations and perceptions of their users: faculty and researchers. Users' information behavior is analyzed with the specially designed BiQual tool, which reveals specific needs such as the greater importance of electronic…

  1. Cell libraries for robust low-voltage operation in nanometer technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmeke, Tobias; Ashouei, Maryam; Liu, Bo; Meixner, Michael; Noll, Tobias G.; de Groot, Harmke

    2013-06-01

    The key challenge of wireless sensor nodes is their total power dissipation, hampering their autonomous operation due to limited battery life time. Aggressive voltage scaling reduces both dynamic and leakage power, prolonging the battery life time. The challenges of aggressive voltage scaling into the subthreshold region includes the pronounced effect of process variability and the significantly reduced performance. In this paper, these challenges are addressed by first devising a novel cell library pruning methodology to ensure reliable voltage scaling based on the noise margin criterion. Using the proposed approach, further voltage scaling is possible, enabling more than 20% energy savings as compared to the classic approach of avoiding high fan-in cells and/or complex gates. Then, the design of standard cells for two dedicated design points is presented which considers both the transistor geometry (L, W, and the number of fingers) as well as the cell layout to achieve up to a 3× speed-up as compared to a conventional methodology. The result is also validated in measurement leading to the comparison of a datapath module of slightly better energy efficiency and 3× better performance.

  2. Survey of Medical Literature Borrowed from the National Lending Library for Science and Technology *

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, David N.; Bower, Cathryn A.

    1969-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a four-week questionnaire survey carried out at the National Lending Library (N.L.L.), Great Britian, to discover which types of organizations were the principal users of medical literature, what types of literature were used, and which were the main sources of references to medical publications. Industrial organizations and universities accounted for the majority (62 percent) of the loans, most of which were English-language periodicals published since 1960. For the whole sample, citation lists in periodical articles were the principal sources of references, although for literature published in the last fifteen months, abstracting and indexing journals were the main sources. Of the latter, Index Medicus proved to be the most fruitful source of references. By asking whether the item requested was really useful to their work, a measure of the reliability of the different sources of references was obtained. Appendixes include the questionnaire, a list of the most frequently borrowed journals, and a list of abstracting and indexing journals used as sources of references. PMID:5782264

  3. Application of Systems Analysis to Depository Library Decision Making Regarding the Use of New Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Mary Sue; Purcell, Gary R.

    1984-01-01

    Advocates systems analysis as a first step for documents librarians considering the use of computer based technology, outlines the necessary steps, and cites publications that provide practical instruction. The areas of bibliographic control, collection development and integration, and documents reference service are discussed. (CLB)

  4. ICT Use: Educational Technology and Library and Information Science Students' Perspectives--An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa; Shonfeld, Miri

    2015-01-01

    This study seeks to explore what factors influence students' ICT use and web technology competence. The objectives of this study are the following: (a) To what extent do certain elements of Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations Theory (DOI) explain students' ICT use, (b) To what extent do personality characteristics derived from the Big Five…

  5. Electronic Reading and Digital Library Technologies: Understanding Learner Expectation and Usage Intent for Mobile Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyman, Jack A.; Moser, Mary T.; Segala, Laura N.

    2014-01-01

    Mobile information technology is changing the education landscape by offering learners the opportunity to engage in asynchronous, ubiquitous instruction. While there is a proliferation of mobile content management systems being developed for the mobile Web and stand-alone mobile applications, few studies have addressed learner expectations and…

  6. Globalization, Information Technology and Higher Education in Nigeria: The Roles of Library Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uwhekadom, Ejimaji Emmanuel; Olawolu, Oladunni Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    The influence of globalization and information technology on higher education in Nigeria was investigated through a descriptive survey design. Forty-five professional librarians from University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni Port Harcourt, Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku Rivers…

  7. Electronic Reading and Digital Library Technologies: Understanding Learner Expectation and Usage Intent for Mobile Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyman, Jack A.; Moser, Mary T.; Segala, Laura N.

    2014-01-01

    Mobile information technology is changing the education landscape by offering learners the opportunity to engage in asynchronous, ubiquitous instruction. While there is a proliferation of mobile content management systems being developed for the mobile Web and stand-alone mobile applications, few studies have addressed learner expectations and…

  8. UHF-RFID技术在智能图书馆系统中的应用%The Intelligent Library System Based on UHF-RFID Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪淑云

    2012-01-01

    The products of RFID has HF-RFID and UHF-RFID. With the increasing application of RFID technology, several domestic libraries have taken the lead in using the UHF-RFID technology and made highly effective exploration. This paper takes the application of the Intelligent Library System based on UHF-RFID technology in Beijing institute of petro-chemical technology as an example, studies the technological principle of UHF-RFID and its main functions, and explores the current features and existing problems, Prospects of the application, of RFID technology in library are also exhibited.%随着图书馆应用RFID技术的日益普及,国内已有多家图书馆尝试将超高频RFID技术运用到图书馆管理中,并进行了卓有成效的探索.笔者以北京石油化工学院引进使用的基于UHF-RFID技术的智能图书馆系统为例,通过对UHF-RFID技术原理和实现的几项主要功能的研究,探讨UHF-RFID技术在图书馆应用上的特点和存在的问题,展望了RFID技术在图书馆应用的前景.

  9. On the use of information technology in the library management%论信息化技术在图书管理中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄茜

    2015-01-01

    Today's society is an information explosion era,information technology has been applied to many aspects of life,so we should be digital library construction of information faster,so as to change the original manual management.Human resources will greatly save after information technology,more conducive to the library management library.Only the characteristics of the times into the library management integration to go before we can play better library charm.To be able to better service for people to be able to resources and resource library which adequately demonstrate shared libraries.%现今社会是一个信息爆炸的时代,信息化技术已经运用到了生活的很多方面,所以我们的图书馆应该更快的进行数字信息化的建设,这样才能够改变原来的人工管理。信息化以后将大大的节约人力资源,更加有利于图书馆的图书管理。只有将时代的特征融合进入到图书馆图书管理中去,才能够更好的发挥出图书馆的魅力。才能够更好的为人们服务,才能够充分的展示出图书馆的资源优势以及图书馆里面的资源共享。

  10. 室内定位技术在图书馆移动服务中的应用%Application of Indoor Positioning Technology in Mobile Library Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋凯

    2015-01-01

    Traditional GPS positioning technology to provide services related to the outside, there are some limitations, therefore also expedites the development and application of indoor positioning technology. Readers in the application envi-ronment of Library and service personnel is almost entirely in indoor activities, along with the popularity of smart mobile phone, through the indoor positioning technology can effectively improve the quality of service and efficiency of the library, but also can reduce the cost of management of the library, the initiative and the convenience of increase of library service. In this paper, the key technology to realize the indoor positioning technology in mobile service in library is discussed, and carries on the analysis and summary.%传统的GPS定位技术只能提供室外相关的服务,存在着一定的局限性,因此也催生着室内定位技术的发展和应用。在图书馆的应用环境中读者和服务人员几乎全部是在室内活动,随着智能手机的普及,通过室内定位技术能够对图书馆的服务质量和效率进行有效的提升,同时也能够减少图书馆的管理成本,增加图书馆服务的主动性与便捷性。本文对实现室内定位技术在图书馆移动服务中的关键技术进行了探讨,并对其进行分析和总结。

  11. International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference. Papers of the Management and Technology Division: Information Technology Section (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradler, Reinhard; And Others

    These seven papers on library management and networks focus on: (1) computerized access to archival and library materials, describing the methodological problems associated with a pilot project in the German Democratic Republic, as well as the efficiency of data bank systems; (2) present and future development of libraries and information centers…

  12. The Database Technology of Digital Library Information Organization%浅谈数字图书馆信息组织的数据库技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芬

    2011-01-01

    Digital library is no longer a new concept,has undergone a considerable period of development.Within this period,construction of digital libraries in many areas has been greatly improved,which is a concept and ideas,convenient service is one of the important elements.In this paper, the history of digital library development started elaborated,followed by combining the characteristics of digital libraries,emphasizing the application of database technology on library organ, ization and management of information need,and finally focused on the data warehouse,relational database,multimedia database,object-oriented database technology, database technology and other unstructured information organization in digital library applications.%数字图书馆已经不再是一个崭新的概念,经历了相当一段时间的发展。在这一段时期之内,数字图书馆的建设在很多方面已经有了很大改进,这是一种概念和思想,便捷的服务是其中一个重要的组成要素。本文首先对数字图书馆的发展历史展开了阐述,其次结合数字图书馆的特点,强调了应用数据库技术对图书馆信息进行组织管理的必要性,最后着重探讨了数据仓库技术、关系数据库、多媒体数据库、面向对象的数据库技术、非结构化数据库技术等在数字图书馆信息组织的应用。

  13. 大数据及其对高校图书馆的技术影响%The Big Data and Its Technological Influence on University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦小华

    2015-01-01

    介绍了大数据的概念及特征,阐述了大数据的来源,探讨了大数据在高校图书馆中的应用,论述了大数据对高校图书馆信息技术发展的影响.%This paper introduces the concept and features of the big data, expounds the sources of the big data, probes into the application of the big data in university library, and discusses the influence of the big data on the development of university library's information technology.

  14. Technologies for the Synthesis of mRNA-Encoding Libraries and Discovery of Bioactive Natural Product-Inspired Non-Traditional Macrocyclic Peptides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroaki Suga

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this review, we discuss emerging technologies for drug discovery, which yields novel molecular scaffolds based on natural product-inspired non-traditional peptides expressed using the translation machinery. Unlike natural products, these technologies allow for constructing mRNA-encoding libraries of macrocyclic peptides containing non-canonical sidechains and N-methyl-modified backbones. The complexity of sequence space in such libraries reaches as high as a trillion (>1012, affording initial hits of high affinity ligands against protein targets. Although this article comprehensively covers several related technologies, we discuss in greater detail the technical development and advantages of the Random non-standard Peptide Integration Discovery (RaPID system, including the recent identification of inhibitors against various therapeutic targets.

  15. 浅谈RFID技术在图书馆的应用%Talking about the Application of RFID(Radio Frequency Identification) Technology in the Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关晓颖

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces the development status of RFID technology in library world, expounds the working principles and structural components of RFID, carries out an analytic demonstration of the advantages of RFID technology in its application in the library, and analyzes some problems existing in the practice of RFID technology.%介绍了RFID技术在图书馆界的发展情况,阐述了RFID的工作原理和结构组成,分析论证了RFID技术在图书馆工作中应用的优势,并对RFID技术在实践中存在的问题进行了剖析.

  16. Analysis on the Effective and Simple Utilization of RFID Technology in the Library%图书馆高效简约利用RFID技术探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟莉

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Along with the application of RFID technology in library’s intelligent management, it is very important to improve the service quality by using FRID technology and to search for a technical solution that is really suitable the library. This paper introduces in detail some countermeasures for the library to make effective and simple use of RFID technology.%随着RFID技术在图书馆智能化管理中的应用,利用RFID技术提高服务质量,探寻真正适合图书馆的RFID技术方案意义重大。详细介绍了图书馆高效简约利用RFID技术的对策。

  17. Libraries in Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansson, Michael; Skouvig, Laura

    understood in a library setting. Historically, openness in form of the open shelves played a crucial role in developing the modern public library. The paper examines this openness-centred library policy as adopted by Danish public libraries in the beginning of the 20th century by applying the theories...... by Michel Foucault on discourse and power to the introduction of open shelves. Furthermore, the paper discusses current challenges facing the modern public library in coping with openness issues that follow from changes in society and advances in technology. These influences and developments are not least...

  18. Library/vendor relationships

    CERN Document Server

    Brooks, Sam

    2014-01-01

    A view of the mutual dependence between libraries and vendorsAs technology advances, libraries are forced to reach beyond their own resources to find effective ways to maintain accuracy and superior service levels. Vendors provide databases and integrated library systems that perform those functions for profit. Library/Vendor Relationships examines the increasing cooperation in which libraries find they must participate in, and vice versa, with the vendors that provide system infrastructure and software. Expert contributors provide insights from all sides of this unique collaboration, offering

  19. Converting To Digital Library in Banking Organizations : Case Study For Library of Central Bank of Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaa Basher Abou Louefa

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available A Case study For Library of Central Bank of Libya, it deals the converting to a digital library. It start with an introduction about digital libraries, and technology in libraries, then deal Library of Central Bank of Libya, and it current situation, then states the plan to be converted to digital library.

  20. The Third Library Revolution: Experiments with Electronic Community Libraries in Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Gitte; Qvortrup, Lars

    1988-01-01

    Describes the HELOS project in Denmark, which is using information technology to facilitate library development, increase levels of library and information services, and increase levels of technological qualifications of library staff among four rural libraries. The discussion highlights library and information services offered, hardware and…

  1. The library of the Institute of Alajuela address the information and communication technologies: User training and information literacy

    OpenAIRE

    Garmendia Bonilla, Lovania

    2011-01-01

    The Library of the Institute of Alajuela made an induction experience and training of users and ventured into the information literacy and engaged in the work of the teaching-learning as an integral part of the curriculum. The actions of the library in developing search strategies, location, selection and use of information brought inthe health service, changes to the role of the library, the librarian, the book and the information in the educational environment.By sharing this experience is ...

  2. Training of Library Assistants in Academic Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itunu A. Bamidele

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to identify the need to train and retrain library assistants in academic libraries. The researchers however used Babcock University Library to ascertain the impacts of training of library assistants. A descriptive design was adopted for this study. A total enumeration sampling method was used. The instrument used for data collection was a structured questionnaire. The population was made up of 30 respondents who were library assistants at the Babcock University Library, Nigeria. A total number of 30 questionnaires were administered. All the questionnaires were retrieved and were found useful giving a return rate of 100% used for this study. The result shows that library assistants were not given training in the area of system management and web searching. In addition, 27 (90% of the respondents agreed that training will enhance their job performance while 30 (100% of the respondents agreed that training will improve their skills to support library users in searching for information electronically. Based on the findings the researchers recommend that library assistants should be trained on electronic information technology usage as this will impact the overall service delivery in meeting the goals of the academic library.

  3. 工程技术数字图书馆网%Digital Library Network for Engineering and Technology (DLNET)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕权; 郦佳伟

    2014-01-01

    工程技术数字图书馆网(Digital Library Network for Engineering and Technology,DLNET)是美国国家科学数字图书馆倡议下的国家科学基金会资助的项目。该馆作为一个支持工程与技术方面教育和学习的平台,具有资源检索、资源评估、基础研究等功能。文章从资源组织、技术特征、界面设计、服务特点、评价和建议等方面对工程技术数字图书馆网作了概要的评述。%Funded by the National Science Foundation, the DLNET project intended to develop a specialized col ection of engineering and technology-related"learning objects"targeted at the practicing engineers and technologists so as to facilitate lifelong learning. To effectively manage online resources it provided mechanisms for submit ing, reviewing, ranking, updating and validating of new and existing contents. This paper drew a summary of its development from the perspectives of resource organization, technical features, interface design, and service characteristics. Suggestions and recommendations were also given.

  4. Current State of Digital Reference in Primary and Secondary Education; The Technological Challenges of digital Reference; Question Negotiation and the Technological Environment; Evaluation of Chat Reference Service Quality; Visual Resource Reference: Collaboration between Digital Museums and Digital Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lankes, R. David; Penka, Jeffrey T.; Janes, Joseph; Silverstein, Joanne; White, Marilyn Domas; Abels, Eileen G.; Kaske, Neal; Goodrum, Abby A.

    2003-01-01

    Includes five articles that discuss digital reference in elementary and secondary education; the need to understand the technological environment of digital reference; question negotiation in digital reference; a pilot study that evaluated chat reference service quality; and collaborative digital museum and digital library reference services. (LRW)

  5. Genomic libraries: I. Construction and screening of fosmid genomic libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quail, Mike A; Matthews, Lucy; Sims, Sarah; Lloyd, Christine; Beasley, Helen; Baxter, Simon W

    2011-01-01

    Large insert genome libraries have been a core resource required to sequence genomes, analyze haplotypes, and aid gene discovery. While next generation sequencing technologies are revolutionizing the field of genomics, traditional genome libraries will still be required for accurate genome assembly. Their utility is also being extended to functional studies for understanding DNA regulatory elements. Here, we present a detailed method for constructing genomic fosmid libraries, testing for common contaminants, gridding the library to nylon membranes, then hybridizing the library membranes with a radiolabeled probe to identify corresponding genomic clones. While this chapter focuses on fosmid libraries, many of these steps can also be applied to bacterial artificial chromosome libraries.

  6. One-to-One Customization of Library Patron Relationships Using Web-Based Networks and Information Technologies on the College or University Campus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur W. Hafner、John J. Keating III、Zi-Yu Lin

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:19-29

    One-to-One relationship management is a strategy that focuses on the academic library as a point of service. It provides the librarian with a methodology for utilizing currently available technology, which when combined with transaction information that the librarian collects from each differentiated patron interactions, enables the library to offer a range of individual customized services for its best patrons. This strategy is facilitated by the availability of low-cost high-speed computers and sophisticated telecommunication networks. This paper explores the contribution that affordable technology makes to the academic library's homepage rapidly becoming a new frontier platform for the promotion, delivery, and utilization of academic resources and services. In addition, the following issues are discussed: opportunities created by the enlarged cyber collections with the integration of the traditional collections; the role of privacy to insure patron participation; One-to-One relationship management strategy steps of patron identification, differentiation, interaction, and customization; and the practical application of customization in the academic library environment.

  7. An Alternative Organizational Structure to Address the Technology Requirements in Health Science Library Information in the '80's

    OpenAIRE

    1983-01-01

    Virginia Commonwealth University's University Library Services offers through its organizational structure an opportunity for librarians to work directly with media experts. University Library Services envisions the future librarian as an information manager, information specialist, and teacher. In joining together Technical Services, Public Services, Collection Management, Special Collections, Learning Resource Centers, Media Production Center, AV Services, TV Services, Engineering and Telec...

  8. National Library Policy in Community Wrapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Morten

    1992-01-01

    Discusses cooperative library development in Europe and the concept of national library policies as the result of library programs in the European Community. Topics addressed include library trends; international standards; information technology; differences in library services throughout Europe; lending and rental rights; and data protection for…

  9. SCHOOL COMMUNITY PERCEPTION OF LIBRARY APPS AGAINTS LIBRARY EMPOWERMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Riyadi Alberto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This research is motivated by the development of information and communication technology (ICT in the library world so rapidly that allows libraries in the present to develop its services into digital-based services. This study aims to find out the school community’s perception of library apps developed by Riche Cynthia Johan, Hana Silvana, and Holin Sulistyo and its influence on library empowerment at the library of SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Library apps in this research belong to the context of m-libraries, which is a library that meets the needs of its users by using mobile platforms such as smartphones,computers, and other mobile devices. Empowerment of library is the utilization of all aspects of the implementation of libraries to the best in order to achieve the expected goals. An analysis of the schoolcommunity’s perception of library apps using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM includes: ease of use, usefulness, usability, usage trends, and real-use conditions. While the empowerment of the library includes aspects: information empowerment, empowerment of learning resources, empowerment of human resources, empowerment of library facilities, and library promotion. The research method used in this research is descriptive method with quantitative approach. Population and sample in this research is school community at SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Determination of sample criteria by using disproportionate stratified random sampling with the number of samples of 83 respondents. Data analysis using simple linear regression to measure the influence of school community perception about library apps to library empowerment. The result of data analysis shows that there is influence between school community perception about library apps to library empowerment at library of SD Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung which is proved by library acceptance level and library empowerment improvement.

  10. International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference. Papers of the Special Libraries Division: Geographical and Map, Science and Technology and Social Science Libraries Sections (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprudzs, Adolf; And Others

    This set of eight papers includes papers presented by participants from the United States, France, East Germany, the United Kingdom, West Germany, and the USSR: "Problems with Sources of Information in International Law and Relations: The Case of the World-Wide Treaty Jungle," by Adolf Sprudzs; "French Map Libraries and National and…

  11. International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference. Papers of the Special Libraries Division: Geographical and Map, Science and Technology and Social Science Libraries Sections (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprudzs, Adolf; And Others

    This set of eight papers includes papers presented by participants from the United States, France, East Germany, the United Kingdom, West Germany, and the USSR: "Problems with Sources of Information in International Law and Relations: The Case of the World-Wide Treaty Jungle," by Adolf Sprudzs; "French Map Libraries and National and…

  12. Analysis and Application of RFID Radio Frequency Technology in Libraries%RFID无线射频技术在图书馆的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海钦

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the working principle of radio frequency RFID, and it' s application and significance of radio fi'equency RFID technology in the Library, By the means of electronic tags, the circulation of books, self-lending, security, inventory, retirement, shelves assortment, automatic sorting are all accomplished by RFID radio frequency identification technology which realizes the situation of the quick and easy self-service borrowing, reliable and ac- curate anti-theft system, fast stock counting, books looking up and shelves assortment. This paper makes the comparison of RFID technology and barcode technology, the advantages and disadvantages of several different frequency of RFID technology applied in the library, and it also refers the UHF radio frequency RFID technology applied in the children's library practically.%阐述了RFID无线射频技术的工作原理,以及RFID无线射频技术在图书馆的应用及意义,RFID无线射频识别技术使图书的借还、自助借阅、防盗、盘点、检索、整理书架、自动分拣均通过电子标签完成。真正实现了自助借阅的快捷方便,防盗系统的可靠准确和盘点、找书、整理书架的快速。对无线射频识别技术与条形码技术进行了比较,分析了几种不同频段的RFID技术在图书馆应用中的优缺点,介绍了超高频RFID无线射频技术在少年儿童图书馆的实际应用。

  13. The Culture Construction of Our University's Library:Taking the Library of Xi 'an Technological University as an Example%浅谈我校图书馆文化建设--以西安工业大学图书馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵琳

    2013-01-01

    Taking the Library of Xi'an Technological University as an example, this paper summarized the work of our library in library cultural construction, and shared the experience of trying to introduce the sinology thought to the library culture construction.%  本文以西安工业大学图书馆为例,总结我馆在图书馆文化建设方面的工作,并分享尝试将国学思想引入图书馆文化建设的经验。

  14. The Security Research of Digital Library Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xin; Song, Ding-Li; Yan, Shu

    Digital library is a self-development needs for the modern library to meet the development requirements of the times, changing the way services and so on. digital library from the hardware, technology, management and other aspects to objective analysis of the factors of threats to digital library network security. We should face up the problems of digital library network security: digital library network hardware are "not hard", the technology of digital library is relatively lag, digital library management system is imperfect and other problems; the government should take active measures to ensure that the library funding, to enhance the level of network hardware, to upgrade LAN and prevention technology, to improve network control technology, network monitoring technology; to strengthen safety management concepts, to prefect the safety management system; and to improve the level of security management modernization for digital library.

  15. Design of Monitoring Technology Library for Key Environmental Risk Sources%重点环境风险源监控技术库设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩璐; 俞博凡; 宋永会

    2015-01-01

    基于我国重大环境污染事故频繁发生,环境风险防范管理需求日益迫切,针对风险源的环境监测监控技术缺乏系统的梳理和分类的现状,开展了重点环境风险源监控技术库设计研究。通过资料收集和对现有污染物监测技术、原理等的分析,借鉴成熟的仪器设备信息,从监控技术的指标、参数、原理、技术方法、设备优选等方面对重点环境风险源监控技术库进行了设计,以期为我国环境风险管理提供技术支持。%The major environmental pollution accidents have occurred frequently in China and there is an increasingly urgent demand of environmental risk management.Aiming at the current status of lacking systematic analysis and classification of environmental monitoring technologies for risk sources, the monitoring technology library of key environmental risk sources was systematically studied.Based on the collection of data and the analysis of existing pollutant monitoring technologies and principles, and combined with the mature equipment information, the technology library was designed in terms of monitoring technology indicators, parameters, principles, technical methods and equipment selection, etc.This library can provide sound technical support for China's environmental risk management.

  16. AND TECHNOLOGY (KNUST) LIBRARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    university publications with some universities and accredited .... study. Table 1 is a summary of all the major sources of acquisitions over the years under study. DISCUSSION .... Development Agencies' (W13/ODA) facility that enabled the ... Convention on E-Resource, held at North East- journal ... currently not feasible.

  17. An Alternative Organizational Structure to Address the Technology Requirements in Health Science Library Information in the '80's

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winant, Richard M.

    1983-01-01

    Virginia Commonwealth University's University Library Services offers through its organizational structure an opportunity for librarians to work directly with media experts. University Library Services envisions the future librarian as an information manager, information specialist, and teacher. In joining together Technical Services, Public Services, Collection Management, Special Collections, Learning Resource Centers, Media Production Center, AV Services, TV Services, Engineering and Telecommunications, the librarian is in an environment which gives the opportunity for growth and support by media expertise.

  18. 利用体验式游戏改进新生入馆教育方式--以广州工程技术职业学院图书馆为例%The Mode Improvement of Freshmen ’s Library Entry Education with Experiential Games---Taking the Library of Guangzhou Institute of Technology as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘思琼

    2015-01-01

    介绍了高职图书馆传统新生入馆教育的方式及其不足,阐述了高职院校实施入馆教育新模式的必要性,以广州工程技术职业学院图书馆为例,探讨了新生入馆教育新模式的设计与实施。%ABSTRACT:This paper introduces the traditional mode of freshmen’s library entry education in the library of higher vocational college and its shortages,expounds the necessity of implementing the new mode of freshmen’s library entry education in the library of higher vocational college, and taking the library of Guangzhou Institute of Technology as an example, probes into the design and implementation of the new mode of freshmen’s library entry education.

  19. Dynamic Digital Libraries for Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theng, Yin Leng; Mohd-Nasir, Norliza; Buchanan, George; Fields, Bob; Thimbleby, Harold; Cassidy, Noel

    The design of systems, including digital libraries, is often inspired by what technology makes possible. In user-centered design, design emphasizes users, their tasks and needs. The majority of current digital libraries are not designed for children. For digital libraries to be popular with children, they need to be fun and easy-to-use. This paper…

  20. 物联网技术在智能图书馆中的应用研究%Application research on using the internet of things technology in tntelligent library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安海燕; 朱浩然; 王文娴; 刘丽丽

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对物联网技术研究,为智能图书馆的建设提供理论指导,以提高图书管理人员的工作效率。方法:对多家图书馆的实地调研,了解智能图书馆建设的结构框架,提出了相关的理论。结果:运用物联网技术的图书馆,使馆员的劳动强度极大降低,工作效率提高30%以上。结论:运用物联网技术建立智能化图书馆,对未来图书馆的发展方向具有重要的现实意义,并将对现代化图书管理产生深远的影响。%Objective:To introduces the concept of The internet of things, infrastructure systems and key technologies, the concept of Intelligent library, key technologies and several important aspects of building Intelligent Library. Methods:Through The internet of things research, the author provides theoretical guidance for the construction of the intelligent library, improves the efficiency of library management staffs. The author works in library management for many years, through investigating many libraries, author knows the frame structure of Intelligent Library, proposed the related theory. Results: The use of the Internet of things technology library, librarians greatly reduce the labor intensity, improve working efficiency more than 30%. Conclusion:Intelligent library using the Internet of things technology represents the development direction of future library, has very important practical and far-reaching influence.

  1. The Effect of Technological and Organizational Factors on Knowledge Sharing in National Library and Archives of I.R of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabnam Refoua

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The effect of technological and organizational factors on knowledge sharing in National Library and Archives of I.R of Iran have been studied in the current study. It is considered as "applied" and "descriptive-survey" study based on its objects and data collection method accordingly.The research population consists of the educated librarians of National Library and Archives including four sectors of collecting, organizing, informing and R&D. After the data collection via questionnaire, structural equations have been used to test the research hypothesis. The Results indicated that the organizational climate, and structure, information and communication support have positive and meaningful effects on the knowledge sharing. The Results gained on testing the secondary hypothesis indicated that centralization, manager’s attitude, information and communication usage, reward system, organizational learning have positive and meaningful effects on the knowledge sharing

  2. Visualizations for Digital Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gang Wan

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of digital libraries is familiar to both librarians and library patrons today. These new libraries have broken the limits of space and distance by delivering information in various formats via the Internet. Since most digital libraries contain a colossal amount of information, it is critical to design more user-friendly interfaces to explore, understand, and manage their content. One important technique for designing such interfaces is information visualization. Although computer-aided information visualization is a relatively new research area, numerous visualization applications already exist in various fields today. Furthermore, many library professionals are also starting to realize that combining information visualization techniques and current library technologies, such as digital libraries, can help library users find information more effectively and efficiently. This article first discusses three major tasks that most visualization for digital libraries emphasize, and then introduces several current applications of information visualization for digital libraries.

  3. Adoption of Web 2.0 in US Academic Libraries: A Survey of ARL Library Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Khalid; Richardson, John V., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to survey the web sites of the academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (USA) regarding the adoption of Web 2.0 technologies. Design/methodology/approach: The websites of 100 member academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (USA) were surveyed. Findings: All libraries were found to be…

  4. Cell-Based Selection Expands the Utility of DNA-Encoded Small-Molecule Library Technology to Cell Surface Drug Targets: Identification of Novel Antagonists of the NK3 Tachykinin Receptor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zining; Graybill, Todd L; Zeng, Xin; Platchek, Michael; Zhang, Jean; Bodmer, Vera Q; Wisnoski, David D; Deng, Jianghe; Coppo, Frank T; Yao, Gang; Tamburino, Alex; Scavello, Genaro; Franklin, G Joseph; Mataruse, Sibongile; Bedard, Katie L; Ding, Yun; Chai, Jing; Summerfield, Jennifer; Centrella, Paolo A; Messer, Jeffrey A; Pope, Andrew J; Israel, David I

    2015-12-14

    DNA-encoded small-molecule library technology has recently emerged as a new paradigm for identifying ligands against drug targets. To date, this technology has been used with soluble protein targets that are produced and used in a purified state. Here, we describe a cell-based method for identifying small-molecule ligands from DNA-encoded libraries against integral membrane protein targets. We use this method to identify novel, potent, and specific inhibitors of NK3, a member of the tachykinin family of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). The method is simple and broadly applicable to other GPCRs and integral membrane proteins. We have extended the application of DNA-encoded library technology to membrane-associated targets and demonstrate the feasibility of selecting DNA-tagged, small-molecule ligands from complex combinatorial libraries against targets in a heterogeneous milieu, such as the surface of a cell.

  5. 3G技术与图书馆移动信息服务%3G technology and Mobile Information Service of Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晁明娣

    2012-01-01

    3G技术给信息传播方式带来了深刻的变革,探讨了3G技术在我国的发展和应用,分析了基于3G技术的图书馆移动信息服务内涵、模式及面临的挑战。%3G technology has brought profound changes for the spreading way of information.This paper discusses the development and Application of 3G technology in our country and analyses the content,models and challenges of the mobile information service of library based on 3G technology.

  6. Illinois State Library Strategic Plan: 2008-2011. Progress Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Jesse

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports the progress made by the Illinois State Library for 2008-2011. The library's achievements are presented according to the following goals: (1) Promote the use of technology to improve library services; (2) Provide leadership to the Illinois Library community to enhance library service; (3) Increase access to library services for…

  7. Science and Technology Undergraduate Students' Use of the Internet, Cell Phones and Social Networking Sites to Access Library Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salisbury, Lutishoor; Laincz, Jozef; Smith, Jeremy J.

    2012-01-01

    Many academic libraries and publishers have developed mobile-optimized versions of their web sites and catalogs. Almost all database vendors and major journal publishers have provided a way to connect to their resources via the Internet and the mobile web. In light of this pervasive use of the Internet, mobile devices and social networking, this…

  8. Simplified application of electronic data processing in a natural science and technology special library in combination with an improved literature description

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bretnuetz, E.

    1975-10-01

    A pilot project in a special library for natural science and technology to record bibliographic data on several kinds of literature within a simplified scheme and to process them in a computer by simple programs is described. The printout consists of several lists arranged according to several aspects. At the same time a relevant thesaurus is tested as to its suitability for an improved description of the literature. The results show that the literature handled is identified sufficiently within this simplified scheme. After supplementation by some special terms, the thesaurus can be used for a deeper analysis of the literature. (auth)

  9. SSR-patchwork: An optimized protocol to obtain a rapid and inexpensive SSR library using first-generation sequencing technology1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Maio, Antonietta; De Castro, Olga

    2013-01-01

    • Premise of the study: We have optimized a version of a microsatellite loci isolation protocol for first-generation sequencing (FGS) technologies. The protocol is optimized to reduce the cost and number of steps, and it combines some procedures from previous simple sequence repeat (SSR) protocols with several key improvements that significantly affect the final yield of the SSR library. This protocol may be accessible for laboratories with a moderate budget or for which next-generation sequencing (NGS) is not readily available. • Methods and Results: We drew from classic protocols for library enrichment by digestion, ligation, amplification, hybridization, cloning, and sequencing. Three different systems were chosen: two with very different genome sizes (Galdieria sulphuraria, 10 Mbp; Pancratium maritimum, 30 000 Mbp), and a third with an undetermined genome size (Kochia saxicola). Moreover, we also report the optimization of the sequencing reagents. A good frequency of the obtained microsatellite loci was achieved. • Conclusions: The method presented here is very detailed; comparative tests with other SSR protocols are also reported. This optimized protocol is a promising tool for low-cost genetic studies and the rapid, simple construction of homemade SSR libraries for small and large genomes. PMID:25202476

  10. 虚拟现实技术在高校图书馆文献检索中的应用%Application of Virtual Reality Technology in Literature Search of University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林于凯

    2012-01-01

    随着国家图书馆上线了我国第一套可交互的虚拟数字图书馆系统,虚拟现实技术在国内图书馆的运用已开始起步,作为承担了高等教育文献检索等重要职责的实体,高校图书馆应与时俱进,将最新技术应用于日常运作,本文从虚拟现实技术的开端着手,通过展示该技术在高校图书馆中的主要应用形式,以WebIETM为例,深入探讨其在高校图书馆文献检索中的实用功能.%Chinese first set of interactive virtual digital library system has been launched by national library, thereby, the application of virtual reality technology in the domestic Library has already been started. As the entity of bearing important responsibilities, literature search of higher education for example, university library should keep pace with the times, apply latest technology into the daily operation, start from the beginning of virtual reality technology, through demonstrating the main application form of the technology in university library, this paper made in-depth exploration on its practical function in literature search of university library, taking WeblETM for example.

  11. Innovative Informations- und Kommunikationswege an wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken: 10 Fragen über Anwendungen und Erfahrungen von Web 2.0 bis Emerging Technologies von Bruno Bauer an Guus van den Brekel, Informationsexperte an der Medizinischen Bibliothek der Universität Groningen / Innovative information and communication systems for scientific libraries: 10 questions about practice and experience covering Web 2.0 to Emerging Technologies. An interview with Guus van den Brekel, information specialist for the medical library at Groningen University (Netherlands by Bruno Bauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van den Brekel, Guus

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Guus van den Brekel is information specialist and IT-Coordinator for the Central Medical Library at the University Medical Center Groningen (Netherlands. There he is responsible for innovation and for the development of new library services. The present interview informs about the meaning and benefit of Web 2.0 and Emerging Technologies, about the advantage of Blogs and Twitter and the importance of mobile applications for libraries. Furthermore the interview deals with the future role of library.

  12. Clinical Application of Picodroplet Digital PCR Technology for Rapid Detection of EGFR T790M in Next-Generation Sequencing Libraries and DNA from Limited Tumor Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borsu, Laetitia; Intrieri, Julie; Thampi, Linta; Yu, Helena; Riely, Gregory; Nafa, Khedoudja; Chandramohan, Raghu; Ladanyi, Marc; Arcila, Maria E

    2016-11-01

    Although next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a robust technology for comprehensive assessment of EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinomas with acquired resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, it may not provide sufficiently rapid and sensitive detection of the EGFR T790M mutation, the most clinically relevant resistance biomarker. Here, we describe a digital PCR (dPCR) assay for rapid T790M detection on aliquots of NGS libraries prepared for comprehensive profiling, fully maximizing broad genomic analysis on limited samples. Tumor DNAs from patients with EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinomas and acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors were prepared for Memorial Sloan-Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets sequencing, a hybrid capture-based assay interrogating 410 cancer-related genes. Precapture library aliquots were used for rapid EGFR T790M testing by dPCR, and results were compared with NGS and locked nucleic acid-PCR Sanger sequencing (reference high sensitivity method). Seventy resistance samples showed 99% concordance with the reference high sensitivity method in accuracy studies. Input as low as 2.5 ng provided a sensitivity of 1% and improved further with increasing DNA input. dPCR on libraries required less DNA and showed better performance than direct genomic DNA. dPCR on NGS libraries is a robust and rapid approach to EGFR T790M testing, allowing most economical utilization of limited material for comprehensive assessment. The same assay can also be performed directly on any limited DNA source and cell-free DNA.

  13. Where Creativity Meets Technology: A Library-Led, Multi-Disciplinary Online Showcase for Artworks, Creative Writings, and Movies Displayed with 3D and HTML5 Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Shun Han Rebekah

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces the Hong Kong Baptist University's Heritage project (http://heritage.lib.hkbu.edu.hk/), a multi-disciplinary online showcase for curriculum-related creative outputs that were produced by faculty and students of the university. Initiated and led by the University Library, this project was a collaborative effort with six…

  14. Illinois: Library Automation and Connectivity Initiatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamont, Bridget L.; Bloomberg, Kathleen L.

    1996-01-01

    Discussion of library automation in Illinois focuses on ILLINET, the Illinois Library and Information Network. Topics include automated resource sharing; ILLINET's online catalog; regional library system automation; community networking and public library technology development; telecommunications initiatives; electronic access to state government…

  15. [Review of digital ground object spectral library].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiao-Hu; Zhou, Ding-Wu

    2009-06-01

    A higher spectral resolution is the main direction of developing remote sensing technology, and it is quite important to set up the digital ground object reflectance spectral database library, one of fundamental research fields in remote sensing application. Remote sensing application has been increasingly relying on ground object spectral characteristics, and quantitative analysis has been developed to a new stage. The present article summarized and systematically introduced the research status quo and development trend of digital ground object reflectance spectral libraries at home and in the world in recent years. Introducing the spectral libraries has been established, including desertification spectral database library, plants spectral database library, geological spectral database library, soil spectral database library, minerals spectral database library, cloud spectral database library, snow spectral database library, the atmosphere spectral database library, rocks spectral database library, water spectral database library, meteorites spectral database library, moon rock spectral database library, and man-made materials spectral database library, mixture spectral database library, volatile compounds spectral database library, and liquids spectral database library. In the process of establishing spectral database libraries, there have been some problems, such as the lack of uniform national spectral database standard and uniform standards for the ground object features as well as the comparability between different databases. In addition, data sharing mechanism can not be carried out, etc. This article also put forward some suggestions on those problems.

  16. Motivation and library management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Likar

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article deals with motivation, its relation to management and its role and use in librarianship in our country and abroad. The countries where librarianship is well developed started to deal with library management and questions of motivation of library workers decades ago, whereas elsewhere the subject is at its start. The prerequisite for modern policy making is attention to the elements of modern library management. Librarians, library managers and directors of libraries should create a work environment providing long term satisfaction with work by means of certain knowledge and tools. The level of motivation of the staff is influenced by the so called higher factors deriving from the work process itself and related to work contents: achieve¬ment, recognition, trust and work itself. Extrinsic factors (income, interpersonal relations, technology of administration, company policy, working conditions, work con¬trol, personal security, job security and position... should exercise lesser impact on the level of motivation.

  17. 14 Years of PID Services at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB: Connected Frameworks, Research Data and Lessons Learned from a National Research Library Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelina Kraft

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In an ideal research world, any scientific content should be citable and the coherent content, as well as the citation itself, should be persistent. However, today’s scientists do not only produce traditional research papers – they produce comprehensive digital resources and collections. TIB’s mission is to develop a supportive framework for a sustainable access to such digital content – focusing on areas of engineering as well as architecture, chemistry, information technology, mathematics and physics. The term digital content comprises all digitally available resources such as audiovisual media, databases, texts, images, spreadsheets, digital lab journals, multimedia, 3D objects, statistics and software code. In executing this mission, TIB provides services for the management of digital content during ongoing and for finished research. This includes:   - a technical and administrative infrastructure for indexing, cataloguing, DOI registration and licensing for text and digital objects, namely the TIB DOI registration which is active since 2005,   - the administration of the ORCID DE consortium, an institutional network fostering the adoption of ORCID across academic institutions in Germany,   - training and consultancy for data management, complemented with a digital repository for the deposition and provision of accessible, traceable and citable research data (RADAR,   - a Research and Development Department where innovative projects focus on the visualization and the sustainable access to digital information, and   - the development of a supportive framework within the German research data community which accompanies the life cycle of scientific knowledge generation and transfer. Its goal is to harmonize (metadata display and exchange primarily on a national level (LEIBNIZ DATA project.

  18. RSS技术在移动图书馆新书推荐系统中的应用与实现%Realization and Application of RSS Technology in the New Book Recommendation System of Mobile Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘静涛; 刘锋

    2012-01-01

    在研究RSS技术和手机软件开发技术的基础上,以浙江工业大学图书馆新书推荐服务为例,介绍使用Oracle数据库、JSP编程语言、J2ME(嵌入式的Java语言平台)语言平台和Sun公司的WTK(无线开发工具)包,在手机上实现查阅图书馆RSS新书推荐的功能,成功地将RSS技术应用在移动图书馆新书推荐系统中。%The modern library takes information service as main service means. In order to improve the ability of information service in the library and provide good services for users, on the basis of having studied RSS technology and the technology of telephone soft- ware development, this paper takes the library of Zhejiang University of Technology for instance, realizes the search-read function of the new book recommendation in the library in the mobile telephone which is developed with Oracle database, JSP, J2ME platform and WTK (wireless toolkits) technology produced by SUN company. It means that RSS technology has been applied to the system of the new book recommendation in the mobile library successfully.

  19. 新技术环境下图书馆信息廊道构建的思考%Considerations about the Construction of Library Information Corridor in the New Technology Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娅娟

    2015-01-01

    阐述了图书馆信息廊道的概念、价值及功能,探讨了大数据时代利用新技术构建图书馆信息廊道,保障图书馆信息资源顺畅流通和高效利用的重要性.%This paper expounds the concept, value and function of library information corridor, probes into the importance of constructing the library information corridor by using the new technology to secure the smooth circulation and efficient use of library's information resources in the big data era.

  20. Improving Library and Information Services: Use of Appropriate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information Communication Technology in Nigerian Libraries. Murtala Aliyu ... encompasses computer and telecommunication technology. It is concerned with the technology used in .... online data bases etc. facilitate library operations such.

  1. The Rise of the Digital Public Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKendrick, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to…

  2. The Rise of the Digital Public Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKendrick, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to…

  3. A Method for Populating the Knowledge Base of AFIT’s Domain-Oriented Application Composition System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Analysis ( FODA ). The approach identifies prominent features (similarities) and distinctive features (differences) of software systems within an...analysis approaches we have summarized, the re- searchers described FODA in sufficient detail to use on large domain analysis projects (ones with...Software Technology Center, July 1991. 18. Kang, Kyo C. and others. Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis ( FODA ) Feasibility Study. Technical Report, Software

  4. There is a Significant Relationship Between Computer Attitudes and Library Anxiety Among African American Graduate Students. A review of: Jiao, Qun G., and Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie. “The Impact of Information Technology on Library Anxiety: The Role of Computer Attitudes.” Information Technology & Libraries 23.4 (Dec. 2004: 138 ‐44.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gill Needham

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To investigate whether African American students’ computer attitudes predict levels of library anxiety. Design – A user study in which two instruments were administered to a group of graduate students to measure computer attitudes and library anxiety. Setting – The College of Education at an historically black college and university in the United States of America. Subjects – Ninety ‐four, predominantly female, African American graduate students, ranging in age from 22 ‐62 years old, and enrolled in either a statistics or a measurement course. Methods – Two instruments, the Computer Attitude Scale (CAS and the Library Anxiety Scale (LAS were administered to all the study participants. The Computer Anxiety Scale contains forty Likert ‐type items that assess individuals’ attitudes toward computers and their use. It includes four scales which can be administered separately: 1. Anxiety or fear of computers 2. Confidence in the ability to use computers 3. Liking or enjoying working with computers 4. Computer usefulnessThe LAS contains forty ‐three, 5 ‐point, Likert ‐format items that assess levels of library anxiety experienced by college students. It also has five subscales as follows: 1. Barriers with staff 2. Affective barriers 3. Comfort with the library 4. Knowledge of the library 5. Mechanical barriers Main results – There were twenty correlations between the library anxiety subscale scores and the computer attitude subscale scores. Four of these correlations were statistically significant. Liking or enjoying working with computers was statistically significantly linked to affective barriers, comfort with the library, and knowledge of the library. There was also a statistically significant association between an attitude of computer usefulness and knowledge of the library. Conclusion – These findings suggest that in this group of students there is a medium to strong relationship between computer

  5. Future Library Systems and Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, A. R. D.

    2010-10-01

    The paper attempts to provide brief answers to the questions: What will be the form of future libraries? Will there be libraries in the future? It presents an overview of the latest technologies such as digital libraries, metadata harvesters, SRU/SRW, and Web 2.0 along with some services provided by the Documentation Research and Training Centre of the Indian Statistical Institute. It also presents a brief sketch of future semantic web technology and the role of library and information professionals in providing web-based information services.

  6. Library Computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Computing, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Special supplement to "Library Journal" and "School Library Journal" covers topics of interest to school, public, academic, and special libraries planning for automation: microcomputer use, readings in automation, online searching, databases of microcomputer software, public access to microcomputers, circulation, creating a…

  7. Digital Libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Papy, Fabrice

    2008-01-01

    Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.

  8. Biomedical Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizer, Irwin H.

    1978-01-01

    Biomedical libraries are discussed as a distinct and specialized group of special libraries and their unique services and user interactions are described. The move toward professional standards, as evidenced by the Medical Library Association's new certification program, and the current state of development for a new section of IFLA established…

  9. The Applications and Reflections of RFID Technology Applying in Libraries%图书馆RFID技术的应用现状及思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯小桓

    2011-01-01

    通过对RFID技术优势的了解和认识,阐述了RFID技术在国内图书馆领域的应用情况及对图书馆事业的促进作用,在此基础上详细论述了国内图书馆采用RFID技术遇到的技术标准、系统整合、成本和隐私安全问题及相应对策。%Through the analysis of the definition, conformation and advantages of RFID technology, this paper expatiated on the application of RFID technology at home and abroad which had improved the development of libraries. Furthermore, it made a profound analysis on the encountered problems in the application of RFID technology, as the technology standard, the systems in- tegration, cost and the privacy. And mean while the paper brought forward the relevant solutions.

  10. Libraries Succeed at Funding Books and Bytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Lifer, Evan

    1999-01-01

    Presents the annual budget report for public libraries for 1999, including budget projections; local taxes; rise of technology budgets; materials, salary, and operating budgets; per capita funding; fundraising; net costs; and the role of the Gates Library Foundation. (LRW)

  11. Encoded library technology screening of hepatitis C virus NS4B yields a small-molecule compound series with in vitro replicon activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arico-Muendel, Christopher; Zhu, Zhengrong; Dickson, Hamilton; Parks, Derek; Keicher, Jesse; Deng, Jianghe; Aquilani, Leah; Coppo, Frank; Graybill, Todd; Lind, Kenneth; Peat, Andrew; Thomson, Michael

    2015-01-01

    To identify novel antivirals to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS4B protein, we utilized encoded library technology (ELT), which enables purified proteins not amenable to standard biochemical screening methods to be tested against large combinatorial libraries in a short period of time. We tested NS4B against several DNA-encoded combinatorial libraries (DEL) and identified a single DEL feature that was subsequently progressed to off-DNA synthesis. The most active of the initial synthesized compounds had 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of 50 to 130 nM in a NS4B radioligand binding assay and 300 to 500 nM in an HCV replicon assay. Chemical optimization yielded compounds with potencies as low as 20 nM in an HCV genotype 1b replicon assay, 500 nM against genotype 1a, and 5 μM against genotype 2a. Through testing against other genotypes and genotype 2a-1b chimeric replicons and from resistance passage using the genotype 1b replicon, we confirmed that these compounds were acting on the proposed first transmembrane region of NS4B. A single sequence change (F98L) was identified as responsible for resistance, and it was thought to largely explain the relative lack of potency of this series against genotype 2a. Unlike other published series that appear to interact with this region, we did not observe sensitivity to amino acid substitutions at positions 94 and 105. The discovery of this novel compound series highlights ELT as a valuable approach for identifying direct-acting antivirals to nonenzymatic targets.

  12. Hybrid Placemaking in the Library: Designing Digital Technology to Enhance Users' On-Site Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilandzic, Mark; Johnson, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents research findings and design strategies that illustrate how digital technology can be applied as a tool for "hybrid" placemaking in ways that would not be possible in purely digital or physical spaces. Digital technology has revolutionised the way people learn and gather new information. This trend has challenged the…

  13. Discovery of highly potent and selective small molecule ADAMTS-5 inhibitors that inhibit human cartilage degradation via encoded library technology (ELT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Hongfeng; O'Keefe, Heather; Davie, Christopher P; Lind, Kenneth E; Acharya, Raksha A; Franklin, G Joseph; Larkin, Jonathan; Matico, Rosalie; Neeb, Michael; Thompson, Monique M; Lohr, Thomas; Gross, Jeffrey W; Centrella, Paolo A; O'Donovan, Gary K; Bedard, Katie L Sargent; van Vloten, Kurt; Mataruse, Sibongile; Skinner, Steven R; Belyanskaya, Svetlana L; Carpenter, Tiffany Y; Shearer, Todd W; Clark, Matthew A; Cuozzo, John W; Arico-Muendel, Christopher C; Morgan, Barry A

    2012-08-23

    The metalloprotease ADAMTS-5 is considered a potential target for the treatment of osteoarthritis. To identify selective inhibitors of ADAMTS-5, we employed encoded library technology (ELT), which enables affinity selection of small molecule binders from complex mixtures by DNA tagging. Selection of ADAMTS-5 against a four-billion member ELT library led to a novel inhibitor scaffold not containing a classical zinc-binding functionality. One exemplar, (R)-N-((1-(4-(but-3-en-1-ylamino)-6-(((2-(thiophen-2-yl)thiazol-4-yl)methyl)amino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)methyl)-4-propylbenzenesulfonamide (8), inhibited ADAMTS-5 with IC(50) = 30 nM, showing >50-fold selectivity against ADAMTS-4 and >1000-fold selectivity against ADAMTS-1, ADAMTS-13, MMP-13, and TACE. Extensive SAR studies showed that potency and physicochemical properties of the scaffold could be further improved. Furthermore, in a human osteoarthritis cartilage explant study, compounds 8 and 15f inhibited aggrecanase-mediated (374)ARGS neoepitope release from aggrecan and glycosaminoglycan in response to IL-1β/OSM stimulation. This study provides the first small molecule evidence for the critical role of ADAMTS-5 in human cartilage degradation.

  14. A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shedlock, J; Ross, F

    1997-04-01

    A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible.

  15. Editorial Board Thoughts: Arts into Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics – STEAM, Creative Abrasion, and the Opportunity in Libraries Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Tod Colegrove

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available By actively seeking out opportunities to bring art into traditionally STEM-focused activity, and vice-versa, we are deliberately increasing the diversity of the environment. Makerspace services and activities, to the extent they are open and visibly accessible to all, are a natural for the spontaneous development of trans-disciplinary collaboration. Within the spaces of the library, opportunities to connect individuals around shared avocational interest might range from music and spontaneous performance areas to spaces salted with LEGO bricks and jigsaw puzzles; the potential connections between our resources and the members of our communities are as diverse as their interests. Indeed, when a practitioner from one discipline can interact and engage with others from across the STEAM spectrum, the world becomes a richer place – and maybe, just maybe, we can fan the flames of curiosity along the way.

  16. Libraries Today, Libraries Tomorrow: Contemporary Library Practices and the Role of Library Space in the L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Vogrinčič Čepič

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTPurpose: The article uses sociological concepts in order to rethink the changes in library practices. Contemporary trends are discussed with regard to the changing nature of working habits, referring mostly to the new technology, and the (emergence of the third space phenomenon. The author does not regard libraries only as concrete public service institutions, but rather as complex cultural forms, taking in consideration wider social context with a stress on users’ practices in relation to space.Methodology/approach: The article is based on the (self- observation of the public library use, and on the (discourse analysis of internal library documents (i.e. annual reports and plans and secondary sociological literature. As such, the cultural form approach represents a classic method of sociology of culture.Results: The study of relevant material in combination with direct personal experiences reveals socio-structural causes for the change of users’ needs and habits, and points at the difficulty of spatial redefinition of libraries as well as at the power of the discourse.Research limitations: The article is limited to an observation of users’ practices in some of the public libraries in Ljubljana and examines only a small number of annual reports – the discoveries are then further debated from the sociological perspective.Originality/practical implications: The article offers sociological insight in the current issues of the library science and tries to suggest a wider explanation that could answer some of the challenges of the contemporary librarianship.

  17. Libraries and the End of the New Feudalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, M. D.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews several issues facing public libraries, including the impact of information technology and its effect on traditional library services, the need to select library administrators who are comfortable with the technology, and the need for lay bodies that oversee library services to be aware of the complexity of the situation. (Author/CLB)

  18. Special Reports. Adventures with E-Books: 2001 in Review; Internet Speed, Library Know-How Intersect in Digital Reference; Libraries, Publishers, Authors, Scholars Jointly Explore Internet Publishing Boundaries; Applying the Principles of Intellectual Freedom: A Cross-Cultural Comparison; Dissemination of Government Information; Copyright 2001: Exploring the Implications of Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Dennis; Rockman, Ilene F.; Valauskas, Edward J.; Haycock, Ken; Mallette, Michelle; Olsen, Anne; Relyea, Harold C.; Oakley, Robert L.

    2002-01-01

    These five reports discuss electronic books; the Internet speed and digital reference; Internet publishing from the perspectives of libraries, publishers, authors, and scholars; a cross-cultural comparison of intellectual freedom in the United States and Canada; dissemination of government information; and the implications of technology for…

  19. Six Trends in Library Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, Drew

    2001-01-01

    Describes six trends in current library facilities design, whether for new buildings or renovations: self-service and operational efficiency; flexibility and technology integration; green/sustainable buildings that use the natural environment; collaboration between public and school/college libraries; aesthetics; and customizing to the local…

  20. JCE Digital Library Grand Opening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Chemical Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical Education Digital Library (NSDL), inaugurated in December 2002, is developed to promote science education on a comprehensive scale. The Journal of Chemical, Education (JCE) Digital Library, incorporated into NSDL, contains its own collections of digital resources for chemistry…

  1. Library Locations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh locations including address, coordinates, phone number, square footage, and standard operating hours.

  2. 图书馆如何应对信息技术发展带来的机会与挑战%Discussion on How Libraries Confront Opportunities and Challenges Brought by Information Technologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨楠; 秦小燕; 沈蓉蓉; 高雪青

    2012-01-01

    Rapid development of new technologies brings great development opportunities and unorecedented challenges to libraries. Librarians shuould get advantages and avoid disadvantages, provide readers convenience library services with new technologies, adjust the attitude to keep up with the pace of information technology development, coordinate the relationship between speed and quality, and confront challenges brought by information technologies.%新技术的发展给图书馆带来了极好的发展机遇和前所未有的冲击。图书馆人应趋利避害,让读者充分享受新技术带来的便利服务,调整心态跟上技术发展的步伐,协调好速度与质量的关系,积极应对信息技术发展带来的挑战。

  3. Secure medical digital libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, I; Chrissikopoulos, V; Polemi, D

    2001-12-01

    In this paper, a secure medical digital library is presented. It is based on the CORBA specifications for distributed systems. The described approach relies on a three-tier architecture. Interaction between the medical digital library and its users is achieved through a Web server. The choice of employing Web technology for the dissemination of medical data has many advantages compared to older approaches, but also poses extra requirements that need to be fulfilled. Thus, special attention is paid to the distinguished nature of such medical data, whose integrity and confidentiality should be preserved at all costs. This is achieved through the employment of Trusted Third Parties (TTP) technology for the support of the required security services. Additionally, the proposed digital library employs smartcards for the management of the various security tokens that are used from the above services.

  4. 智能代理技术及其对图书情报工作的影响%Intelligent Agent Technology and Its Influence on Library and Information Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚峻

    2000-01-01

    Some problems arising in the development process of Internet, such as information overload, information jam, etc., are pointed out. For the purpose of solving these problems, a new technology in the field of Artificial Intelligence——Intelligent Agent is presented, including its definition, character and function. Finally, the author expounds the Intelligent Agent's influence on information service in libraries and information institutes.

  5. Finding Biomedical Information. A Learning Module for Medical Technology Students on the Basics of the Use of Medical Literature in the Shiffman Medical Library, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Barton B.; Rizzo, Joseph F.

    This self-instructional library workbook was used in a series of workshops--sponsored by the Medical Technology Department in Wayne State University's College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Professions--in order to reduce attrition by increasing the probability of success for academically high-risk students in the professional medical technology…

  6. America's Star Libraries: Top-Rated Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lance, Keith Curry; Lyons, Ray

    2009-01-01

    "Library Journal"'s national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service 2009, Round 2, identifies 258 "star" libraries. Created by Keith Curry Lance and Ray Lyons and based on 2007 data from the IMLS, it rates 7,268 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three stars. All included libraries,…

  7. America's Star Libraries: Top-Rated Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lance, Keith Curry; Lyons, Ray

    2009-01-01

    "Library Journal"'s national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service 2009, Round 2, identifies 258 "star" libraries. Created by Keith Curry Lance and Ray Lyons and based on 2007 data from the IMLS, it rates 7,268 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three stars. All included libraries,…

  8. Mapping and Auditing Information and Communication Technologies in Library and Information Science Education in Africa: A Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minishi-Majanja, Mabel K.

    2003-01-01

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have become basic ingredients of, and competitive tools in, the information-intensive tertiary/higher education sector. Their increased and specialised use in teaching and learning, research, academic administration, institutional management and information provision translates into greater access…

  9. Different Traditions in the Study of Disciplinarity in Science--Science and Technology Studies, Library and Information Science and Scientometrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milojevic, Staša

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Disciplinarity and other forms of differentiation in science have long been studied in the fields of science and technology studies, information science and scientometrics. However, it is not obvious whether these fields are building on each other's findings. Methods: An analysis is made of 609 articles on disciplinarity…

  10. Library and Information Science's Ontological Position in the Networked Society: Using New Technology to Get Back to an Old Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kåhre, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This paper concerns the ontological position of library and informations science in the networked society. The aim of the study is to understand library use and library functions in the age of Internet and artificial intelligent programmed search engines. Theoretical approach: The approach discusses so called sociocognitive tools in…

  11. International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference. Papers of the Management and Technology Division: Conservation Section (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylvestre, J. G.; And Others

    Five papers in this collection are concerned with the preservation of library materials; the remaining paper addresses library building standards, emphasizing their value and identifying other reports on library standards. The conservation papers cover: (1) training for conservation in Canada, identifying institutions and associations offering…

  12. International Federation of Library Associations Annual Conference. Papers of the Management and Technology Division: Statistics Section (47th, Leipzig, East Germany, August 17-22, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, Peter; Dosunmu, J. A.

    Two papers on library statistics describe national programs to collect such statistics in a Western European country and a developing country in Africa: "Establishment and Organisation of National Library Statistics: The Nigerian Experience," by J. A. Dosunmu; and "German Library Statistics," by Peter Gruber. Dosunmu's paper…

  13. Munitions Classification Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-04

    the MM and TEMTADS 2x2 systems , with dynamic data handling for these systems on the horizon. Using UX-Analyze, a data processor can apply physics ... classification libraries. DRAFT 4 2.0 TECHNOLOGY Three different sensor systems were used during the initial phase of the data collection: a modified...

  14. Libraries in Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansson, Michael; Skouvig, Laura

    by Michel Foucault on discourse and power to the introduction of open shelves. Furthermore, the paper discusses current challenges facing the modern public library in coping with openness issues that follow from changes in society and advances in technology. These influences and developments are not least...

  15. Revolution in the Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himmelfarb, Gertrude

    1997-01-01

    Changes in library services due to advancing information technology constitute a revolution comparable to invention of the printing press. Democratization of access to knowledge is a positive development, but it should not be confused with democratization of knowledge. This is where any system of information networking may be misleading; in…

  16. The Bionic Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billings, Harold

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of the information crisis focuses on possible new forms of library collections. Topics discussed include the rising quantity and costs of publications; improvements in access through new technologies; vendors' plans using electronic text; information flow; economics factors, including user fees; and the role of the commercial sector.…

  17. PNA-encoded chemical libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zambaldo, Claudio; Barluenga, Sofia; Winssinger, Nicolas

    2015-06-01

    Peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-encoded chemical libraries along with DNA-encoded libraries have provided a powerful new paradigm for library synthesis and ligand discovery. PNA-encoding stands out for its compatibility with standard solid phase synthesis and the technology has been used to prepare libraries of peptides, heterocycles and glycoconjugates. Different screening formats have now been reported including selection-based and microarray-based methods that have yielded specific ligands against diverse target classes including membrane receptors, lectins and challenging targets such as Hsp70.

  18. Library Use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konzack, Lars

    2012-01-01

    A seminar paper about a survey of role-playing games in public libraries combined with three cases and a presentation of a model.......A seminar paper about a survey of role-playing games in public libraries combined with three cases and a presentation of a model....

  19. Library Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Nancy Kirkpatrick

    This workbook, designed for a Library Research course at Yavapai College, provides 15 lessons in advanced library reference skills. Each lesson provides explanatory text and reinforcement exercises. After Lesson I introduces specialized dictionaries and encyclopedias (e.g., for foreign languages, medicine, music, economics, social sciences, and…

  20. Privatizing Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerrard, Jane; Bolt, Nancy; Strege, Karen

    2012-01-01

    This timely special report from ALA Editions provides a succinct but comprehensive overview of the "privatization" of public libraries. It provides a history of the trend of local and state governments privatizing public services and assets, and then examines the history of public library privatization right up to the California…

  1. Privatizing Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerrard, Jane; Bolt, Nancy; Strege, Karen

    2012-01-01

    This timely special report from ALA Editions provides a succinct but comprehensive overview of the "privatization" of public libraries. It provides a history of the trend of local and state governments privatizing public services and assets, and then examines the history of public library privatization right up to the California legislation…

  2. Playful Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Stine Liv; Eriksson, Eva

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the design of future services for children in Danish public libraries is discussed, in the light of new challenges and opportunities in relation to new media and technologies. The Danish government has over the last few years initiated and described a range of initiatives regarding...... in the library, the changing role of the librarians and the library space. We argue that intertwining traditional library services with new media forms and engaging play is the core challenge for future design in physical public libraries, but also that it is through new media and technology that new...

  3. Playful Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Stine Liv; Eriksson, Eva

    2013-01-01

    in the library, the changing role of the librarians and the library space. We argue that intertwining traditional library services with new media forms and engaging play is the core challenge for future design in physical public libraries, but also that it is through new media and technology that new......In this paper, the design of future services for children in Danish public libraries is discussed, in the light of new challenges and opportunities in relation to new media and technologies. The Danish government has over the last few years initiated and described a range of initiatives regarding...

  4. The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Johnson, L; Adams Becker, S.; Estrada, V.; Freeman, A.; van den Brekel, Guus

    2014-01-01

    The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition, examines key trends, significant challenges, and emerging technologies for their potential impact on academic and research libraries worldwide. While there are many local factors affecting libraries, there are also issues that transcend regional boundari

  5. Library 101: Why, How, and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Michael; King, David Lee

    2010-01-01

    This article describes how and why the Library 101 Project was created and the lessons that the developers learned out of this project. The Library 101 is a project that challenges librarians to revise the paradigm of "basic" library services in order to remain relevant in this technology-driven world. It was developed by Michael Porter,…

  6. Digital library research : current developments and trends

    OpenAIRE

    Shiri, Ali

    2003-01-01

    This column gives an overview of current trends in digital library research under the following headings: digital library architecture, systems, tools and technologies; digital content and collections; metadata; interoperability; standards; knowledge organisation systems; users and usability; legal, organisational, economic, and social issues in digital libraries.

  7. The library as a hybrid organisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waaijers, L.

    1998-01-01

    In the last decade technology exploded into libraries. It impacted not only library work processes but imported also new strategic options. Library systems, i.e. databases, imported notions of project management and efficiency and resulted in catalog sharing. The Internet with Gopher and Veronica, b

  8. Library 101: Why, How, and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Michael; King, David Lee

    2010-01-01

    This article describes how and why the Library 101 Project was created and the lessons that the developers learned out of this project. The Library 101 is a project that challenges librarians to revise the paradigm of "basic" library services in order to remain relevant in this technology-driven world. It was developed by Michael Porter,…

  9. Two Libraries Working toward Common Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Tonya; Johnson, Kara

    2017-01-01

    Students look to their school library to find new books, seek information, creatively solve problems, and use technology. School libraries play an essential role in students' academic growth and development of lifelong learning skills. All of the wonderful resources and services that school libraries provide are easily accessible to the population…

  10. The Information Age and the Public Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballard, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Examines the origins of the new emphasis on information in the public library through the work of such authors as Alvin Toffler and John Naisbitt. The effects of technological change on the future of the public library and the role of the library in meeting society's information needs are considered. (MES)

  11. 浅谈RFID技术在图书馆应用方面主要存在的问题%Brief Discussion on the Main Problems of the Application of RFID Technology in the Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继周

    2015-01-01

    RFID在图书馆的应用越来越广泛.本文简要介绍了RFID技术的发展,并在此基础上阐述了RFID技术对图书馆引发的重要变化,重点探讨了RFID技术在图书馆应用中存在的问题以及解决办法.%The application of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) in the library is more and more widely.This paper briefly introduces the development of RFID technology,elaborates the important changes brought about by RFID technology,and deeply discusses the existing problems of the application of RFID technology in library.

  12. Wordpress for libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Haefele, Chad

    2015-01-01

    WordPress is not only the most popular blogging software in the world, but it is also a powerful content management system that runs more than 23 percent of all websites. The current version alone has been downloaded almost 20 million times, and the WordPress community has built more than 38,000 plugins to extend and enhance the system. Libraries are using this technology to create community-oriented websites, blogs, subject guides, digital archives, and more. This hands-on, practical book walks readers through the entire process of setting up a WordPress website for their library,

  13. Analysis on the Experiences of 3D Technology Service of American University Libraries%美国高校图书馆的3D技术服务经验与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋娟

    2015-01-01

    3D打印技术将在4~5年内在全球高等教育机构应用,将3D打印服务引入大学图书馆是一种有益的尝试。文章对美国5所高校图书馆的3D技术服务逐个进行分析,总结出美国5所高校图书馆在3D打印设备采选、打印服务管理、服务推广三大方面的经验。提出我国高校图书馆引入3D技术服务时,要借鉴国外高校经验,更应该结合实际情况合理配置设备、制定管理规定和设计推广活动。%According to NMC Horizon report, 2013 Higher Education Edition, 3D typing technology is listed as one of the emerging technologies which will be adopted by higher education institutions in five years. 3D printing technology will be widely applied in the field of higher education. Supporting education is the first mission of university libraries. Introducing 3D technology into the university campus is a beneficial attempt. This article aims at providing instructive advice for Chinese university libraries by analyzing the practices of American university libraries. Analysis on the practices of five American university libraries is made and enlightenments of three aspects are concluded, including the selection of the equipments, the administration rules and the promotion of the service. Selection of the equipment,making administration rules and the design of promotional activities should refer to both the experiences of American university libraries and the reality of the institution.

  14. International Reports. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; Canada's Libraries in 2002: A Year of Partnerships; A Golden Celebration: The National Library of Canada at 50.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Beacher; Adams, Karen G.; Starr, Mary Jane

    2003-01-01

    These three reports discuss international library organization issues, including awards and grants, digital technology, and membership; and Canadian library issues, including federal information policy issues, library services, projected shortage of librarians, mergers, digital divide, and a history of the National Library of Canada. (LRW)

  15. Customer service in libraries best practices

    CERN Document Server

    Harmon, Charles

    2013-01-01

    In this book, nine librarians from across the country describe their libraries' best practices in this key area. Their contributions range from all-encompassing customer service policies and models any library can both adapt and be proud of to micro-approaches that emphasize offering excellent user-focused technology planning, picture book arrangement with patrons in mind, Web 2.0 tools to connect users with the library, establishing good service delivery chains, and making your library fantastic for homeschoolers.

  16. The National Library Service (SBN towards digital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliana Sgambati

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

  17. 高校大学生图书馆利用率调查——以河南科技大学图书馆为例%Investigation on Library Utilization of College Students:A Case Study of the Library in Henan University of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯娜

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the library utilization situation of the college students in Henan University of Science and Technology. The survey involves six aspects: readers' basic situation, the access frequency to the library, readers' reading tendency, utilization of electronic reading room, the library network information resource utilization, and the overall reader satisfaction of the library. Finally, this paper puts forward several proposals to counteract the low utilization rate of the library.%本文调查了河南科技大学在校生利用图书馆的现状.此次调查涉及了六个方面:读者基本情况、图书馆访问频率、读者的借阅倾向、电子阅览室的利用情况、图书馆网络信息资源利用率以及读者对图书馆的总体满意度.最后,本文针对图书馆利用率不高的问题提出了几点建议.

  18. Student Use of Library Computers: Are Desktop Computers Still Relevant in Today's Libraries?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Thompson

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Academic libraries have traditionally provided computers for students to access their collections and, more recently, facilitate all aspects of studying. Recent changes in technology, particularly the increased presence of mobile devices, calls into question how libraries can best provide technology support and how it might impact the use of other library services. A two-year study conducted at California State University San Marcos library analyzed student use of the computers in the library, both the library’s own desktop computers and laptops owned by students.  The results found that, despite the increased ownership of mobile technology by students, they still clearly preferred to use desktop computers in the library. It also showed that students who used computers in the library were more likely to use other library services and physical collections.

  19. Design and implementation of library archive management system based on Web technology%基于W eb的图书馆档案管理系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许慧; 张立铭

    2016-01-01

    Archive management is an important content of the library daily work,so how to improve the library routine ar⁃chive management efficiency by means of information technology means,and reduce file management accident has become the urgent problems in library daily management. Establishment of a Web⁃based library file management system is proposed in this paper. By means of advanced Web information technology,it can solve the low efficiency,file loss,frequent recording errors ap⁃pearing in traditional file management,realize the file information collaborative management between different administrators, improve the library archive information management efficiency greatly,and reduce the cost of library archive management.%档案管理作为图书馆日常办公的一项重要工作内容,如何借助于信息化手段,提高图书馆日常档案管理办公效率,降低档案管理事故成为当前图书馆日常管理急需解决的问题,提出构建基于Web的图书馆档案管理系统。该系统借助于先进的Web信息化技术,不仅解决了传统档案管理效率低、档案丢失、记录错误等事故频发等问题,同时实现了不同管理员之间的档案信息协同管理,极大地提高了图书馆档案信息管理工作效率,降低了图书馆档案管理成本。

  20. Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 1970

    1970-01-01

    Building data is given for the following academic libraries: (1) Rosary College, River Forest, Illinois; (2) Abilene Christian College, Abilene, Texas; (3) University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. (MF)

  1. The E-rate Program and Libraries and Library Consortia, 2000-2004: Trends and Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul T. Jaeger

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The E-rate program has provided tremendous benefits to libraries, allowing many libraries and library systems to acquire technological equipment and services that would otherwise be too expensive, increasing the availability of public Internet access through libraries. This article analyzes the data related to the E-rate program and the discounts that it has provided to libraries and library systems between 2000 and 2004. By examining the E-rate data in a longitudinal manner, this article explores the trends in the application for and the provision of E-rate discounts to libraries and library consortia at national and state levels. The data suggest that, despite a number of controversies over the years, the program has provided a significant level of support for libraries and library consortia.

  2. LIBRARY ROLES IN CHANGING SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Juchnevič

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Global economy, the development of information and communication technologies, new customer requirements for the quality of products and services encourages organizations to expand their practices, to make innovations, to use creative solutions and to perform new functions – to take on new roles. In this changing environment together with other organizations we have information institutions – libraries. They serve the society, therefore they have to correspond the society needs (Shera, 1976. Purpose – the purpose of this report is to analyze how changing society can influence the change of libraries roles in it. Design/methodology/approach –– research methodology based on the system and sociocultural systems theories (based on Grenier, 2005 and system approach. The chosen theory to validate the analysis is the generation changing theory. It says that society consists of groups of different age and different life experiences (history, technologies, political events, etc. individuals (Levickaitė, 2010. Marc Prensky (2001 claims that our current society can be divided into two groups. Chosen methods: analysis of scientific literature, synthesis, comparison and summarizing. Findings – The roles of libraries depends upon occurring changes in society. According to Marc Prensky (2001, it is possible to divide society in two groups, which are: the digital world immigrants and the digital word natives. The first group are the people born before the digital world establishment and expansion, they learned to use it at older age, usually at work or during their studies, and often they do not understand the necessity of new technologies in their lives (meaning they would not experience big discomfort without it. The second group, the natives of digital world, are people born after the expansion of information and communication technologies; they are able to see and also enjoy the meaning of using these technologies. It is lead to the library

  3. Library Services Model Innovative Research under Modern Information Technology%现代信息技术下的图书馆服务模式创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳莲

    2014-01-01

    图书馆是国家的基础信息设施与资源的集合地,也是社会多种资源信息的整理地,图书馆的服务模式会对信息资源方面的传播和推广起很大的作用。在社会高速发展的当前,信息技术和传播手段也有了很大的发展,图书馆对服务模式的变革需求越来越大。本文就现代信息技术下的图书馆服务模式创新研究进行了研究与探讨。%Library is a collection of national basic information on facilities and resources, as well as finishing, a variety of library service model community resource information will spread information resources and promotion play a significant role. Iinformation technology and means of communication has also been a great development in the context of the world in-formation network construction. Changes in demand for library service model are growing. This article will explore innova-tive research and research library service model under modern information technology.

  4. Library 2.0 A New Service Model For Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Erich

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The utilization of the new information and communication technologies implies a series of changes concerning the libraries. Currently it is spoken more and more about a new type of service offered by them, Library 2.0, which brings in foreground the user who becomes a modeler of the library services and resources. The information structures customer is not satisfied anymore by the unidirectional access to the resources, he wanted to be involved in the evaluation of them, making comments and sharing his ideas with another user. In this sense the library managers are looking for more efficient means to deliver services so that to obtain a proper feedback which enable them to take the best measures to make profitable them. Library 2.0 can be a solution for all these problems.

  5. Research on Colleges and Universities’Serving Local Cultural Development by Their Library Resources---Taking Anhui Science and Technology University Library as an Example%高校馆藏资源服务地方文化建设管窥--以安徽科技学院图书馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王友莲; 卫胜

    2014-01-01

    高校馆藏资源提供利用是建设地方文化的重要保障条件之一。高校图书馆在弘扬和促进地方文化建设方面要充分发挥丰富的馆藏资源优势并定位好服务角色。2006年起安徽科技学院图书馆主动对接地方文化建设,面向社会读者陆续开放其馆藏资源。总结安徽科技学院馆藏资源服务地方文化建设的经验如下:转变思想,树立服务社会的理念;利用馆藏资源主动对接地方文化发展的需要;面向社会开放馆藏资源;实现了高校馆藏资源与地方文化建设的良性循环与互动。%The availability of library resources of colleges and universities is one of the important guarantees of local cultural development. Their libraries should give full play to the advantages of their rich library resources and determine their service role in the promotion of local cultural development. Since 2006, the library of Anhui Science and Technology University has been volunteering to connect itself with local cultural development and making its library resources available for social readers. Through the author summarized experience of it universities in their serving local cultural development with library resources, hoping to provide reference for relevant practices and studie:Change their thinking, carding community service concept, Use library resources to connect with the needs of local cultural development. Open society library resources; Achieve a virtuous cycle of interaction with the local university library resources and cultural construction.

  6. Library Resource-Sharing in the Network-Centric World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Rob

    This paper discusses changes in services, technology, and organization as libraries prepare to enter the "network-centric library world." Part 1 addresses the transition from the analog era to the digital age, and the convergence of libraries and education, including opportunities for library leadership in Internet access, digital…

  7. The State of Development of Digital Libraries in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used…

  8. The State of Development of Digital Libraries in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used…

  9. Exploring Library 2.0 on the Social Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brantley, John S.

    2010-01-01

    Library 2.0 literature has described many of the possibilities Web 2.0 technologies offer to libraries. Case studies have assessed local use, but no studies have measured the Library 2.0 phenomenon by searching public social networking sites. This study used library-specific terms to search public social networking sites, blog search engines, and…

  10. America's Star Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Ray; Lance, Keith Curry

    2009-01-01

    "Library Journal"'s new national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service, identifies 256 "star" libraries. It rates 7,115 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three Michelin guide-like stars. All included libraries, stars or not, can use their scores to learn from their peers and improve…

  11. America's Star Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Ray; Lance, Keith Curry

    2009-01-01

    "Library Journal"'s new national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service, identifies 256 "star" libraries. It rates 7,115 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three Michelin guide-like stars. All included libraries, stars or not, can use their scores to learn from their peers and improve…

  12. The High-Tech and the Beautiful: Library Buildings, Digital Libraries, and the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Ellen D.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the new facilities at the New York Public Library, the British Library, and the National Library of France, including reference service, delivery time for books, and general ambience. Also reports on a conference that addressed issues related to scholarly communication and digital technology in the academic community. (LRW)

  13. Research and Application of Technology of Internet of Things in Modern Library%物联网技术在现代图书馆中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小琴; 晏伯武; 陆垂伟

    2014-01-01

    介绍了物联网的概念、应用和价值,分析了物联网相关技术在现代图书馆建设中的重要意义,以及图书馆物联网的涵义和功能。重点讨论了物联网组网技术、RFID 技术、物联网图书馆的构建模式、存在的问题,展望了现代图书馆的发展趋势。%This paper introduces the concept , definition , application and value of Internet of Things .The sig-nificance of the technology of Internet of Things in the construction of modern libraries is analyzed as well as the function and meaning of Internet of Things of libraries .The emphasis is put on the networking technolo-gy, RFID technology, construction pattern, existing problem of Internet of Things.The prospect of the mod-ern library is discussed .

  14. COMBINATORIAL LIBRARIES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1997-01-01

    The invention provides a method for the production of a combinatorial library of compound of general formula (I) using solid phase methodologies. The cleavage of the array of immobilised compounds of the phthalimido type from the solid support matrix is accomplished by using an array of dinucleop......The invention provides a method for the production of a combinatorial library of compound of general formula (I) using solid phase methodologies. The cleavage of the array of immobilised compounds of the phthalimido type from the solid support matrix is accomplished by using an array...... of dinucleophiles, e.g. hydrazines (hydrazinolysis) or N-hydroxylamines, whereby a combinatorial dimension is introduced in the cleavage step. The invention also provides a compound library....

  15. Content Management for the Virtual Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ed Salazar

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Traditional, larger libraries can rely on their physical collection, coffee shops, and study rooms as ways to entice patrons into their library. Yet virtual libraries merely have their online presence to attract students to resources. This can only be achieved by providing a fully functional site that is well designed and organized, allowing patrons to navigate and locate information easily. One such technology significantly improving the overall usefulness of Web sites is a content management system (CMS. Although the CMS is not a novel technology per se, it is a technology smaller libraries cannot afford to ignore. In the fall of 2004, the Northcentral University Electronic Learning Resources Center (ELRC, a small, virtual library, moved from a static to a database-driven Web site. This article explains the importance of a CMS for the virtual or smaller library and describes the methodology used by ELRC to complete the project.

  16. Digital media labs in libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Goodman, Amanda L

    2014-01-01

    Families share stories with each other and veterans reconnect with their comrades, while teens edit music videos and then upload them to the web: all this and more can happen in the digital media lab (DML), a gathering of equipment with which people create digital content or convert content that is in analog formats. Enabling community members to create digital content was identified by The Edge Initiative, a national coalition of leading library and local government organizations, as a library technology benchmark. Surveying academic and public libraries in a variety of settings and sharing a

  17. The survey of academic libraries

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    The Survey of Academic Libraries, 2014-15 Edition looks closely at key benchmarks for academic libraries in areas such as spending for books and e-books, deployment and pay rates for student workers, use of tablet computers, cloud computing and other new technologies, database licensing practices, and much more. The study includes detailed data on overall budgets, capital budgets, salaries and materials spending, and much more of interest to academic librarians and their suppliers. Data in this 200+ page report is broken out by size and type of library for easy benchmarking.

  18. The social library in three contexts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Delica, Kristian Nagel; Elbeshausen, Hans

    2016-01-01

    Across different national contexts public libraries have dealt, in diverse yet comparable ways, with the multiple challenges stemming from globalization, migration, marginalization and technological developments. This article argues, by way of dissecting three cases of library planning programmes...... which focused on centring libraries in their neighbourhoods, that we in recent decades witness the contours of a social library. Discussing experiences from initiatives in the UK, Canada and Denmark we, notwithstanding significant national differences, highlight common features – that libraries bring...... together already existing, but hitherto isolated institutional knowledge and competencies. We conclude by proposing a tentative typology of ‘the social library’....

  19. Small libraries a handbook for successful management

    CERN Document Server

    Reed, Sally Gardner

    2002-01-01

    ""A gem""--Booklist; ""outstanding""--Library Journal; ""indispensable, invaluable""--Midwest Book Review; ""one of the best...wonderful""--Wilson Library Bulletin. This fully revised and updated edition provides current information on automation and technology and on advocacy to help small public libraries strive to make available the same basic services as larger libraries. This book is written for the directors of these honest-to-goodness small libraries, providing both a philosophical as well as a common sense basis for decision making.

  20. RFID in libraries a step toward interoperability

    CERN Document Server

    Ayre, Lori Bowen

    2012-01-01

    The approval by The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) of a new standard for RFID in libraries is a big step toward interoperability among libraries and vendors. By following this set of practices and procedures, libraries can ensure that an RFID tag in one library can be used seamlessly by another, assuming both comply, even if they have different suppliers for tags, hardware, and software. In this issue of Library Technology Reports, Lori Bowen Ayre, an experienced implementer of automated materials handling systems, Provides background on the evolution of the standard

  1. Library rooms or Library halls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Serrai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Library Halls, understood as Renaissance and Baroque architectural creations, along with the furnishings and decorations, accomplish a cognitive task and serve to transmit knowledge. The design of these spaces based on the idea that they should reflect the merits and content of the collections housed within them, in order to prepare the mind of the reader to respect and admire the volumes. In accordance with this principle, in the fifteenth century library rooms had a basilican shape, with two or three naves, like churches, reflecting thus the spiritual value of the books contained there. Next to that inspiring function, library rooms had also the task of representing the entire logical and conceptual universe of human knowledge in a figurative way, including for this purpose also the and Kunst- und Wunderkammern, namely the collections of natural, artficial objects, and works of art. The importance of library rooms and their function was understood already in the early decades of the seventeenth century, as underlined in the treatise, Musei sive Bibliothecae tam privatae quam publicae Extructio, Instructio, Cura, Usus, written by the Jesuit Claude Clément and published in 1635. Almost the entire volume is dedicated to the decoration and ornamentation of the Saloni, and the function of the library is identified exclusively with the preservation and decoration of the collection, neglecting more specifically bibliographic aspects or those connected to library science. The architectural structure of the Saloni was destined to change in relation to two factors, namely the form of books, and the sources of light. As a consequence, from the end of the sixteenth century – or perhaps even before if one considers the fragments of the Library of Urbino belonging to Federico da Montefeltro – shelves and cabinets have been placed no longer in the center of the room, but were set against the walls. This new disposition of the furniture, surmounted by

  2. SMART技术构建的辣椒疫霉菌与辣椒互作AD-cDNA文库%Construction of AD-cDNA Library for Interaction ofPhytophthora capsici and Pepper in SMART Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志国; 明月梅

    2015-01-01

    为了分离和克隆辣椒中疫霉菌诱导基因,以接种辣椒疫霉菌的叶片为材料,利用SMART技术构建辣椒疫霉菌与辣椒互作的双杂交cDNA文库。结果表明:该文库容量为3.6×106 cfu,重组率88%左右,插入片段集中在300~2000 bp之间,平均长度约为800 bp,表明获得的文库质量较高,该文库将为分子育种提供重要的基因资源。%In order to identify thePhytophthora capsici stress induced genes of pepper, a double-hybrid cDNA library ofPhytophthora capsici infected pepper leaves was constructed using SMART technology. The results showed that the cDNA library contained 3.6×106 independent clones, and the recombination rate was 88%. Insert fragments ranged from 300 bp to 2 000 bp, and the average length of the library was about 800 bp. These data demonstrate that the library is qualified, and able to provide important genetic resources for molecular breeding.

  3. 高校图书馆在科技创新活动中的服务定位%On the Service Positioning of College Libraries in Scien-tific and Technological Innovative Activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜肖文

    2013-01-01

    Libraries have been established in colleges and uni-versities, for they can adapt to the development of contemporary education. The present education is no longer stereotyped teach-ing, but the education advocating students' autonomous learning, while libraries provide a good platform for students' extracurricu-lar learning. In order to further develop libraries, this paper makes a clear positioning of college libraries in servicing scientif-ic and technological innovative activities.%  图书馆已经在各大高校广为建立,原因在于它适应现在教育的发展形势。如今的教育不再是墨守成规的教学,而是更加主张学生学习的自主性,图书馆的开设为学生学习课外知识提供了良好的服务平台。为使其得到更进一步的发展,本文就高校图书馆在科技创新活动中的服务做了一个明确的定位。

  4. 彩色比特码自动识别技术在图书馆中的应用研究%Application Research on Color Bit Code Automatic Identification technology in the Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海华

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces the basic identification principles and features of Color Bit Code Automatic Identification technology the application of the technology in many fields of foreign, analyzes the feasibility of domestic libraries by using Color Bit Code Automatic Identification technology. In the end of this paper, the paper has put forward the format of Color Bit Code Automatic Identification technology protocol.%对彩色比特码的定义及工作原理进行了概述,简单介绍了该技术在国外各领域的应用现状,分析了目前国内在图书馆领域应用彩色比特码自动识别技术的可行性,并提出了一种基于彩色比特码技术的图书管理协议格式。

  5. Application of new information technologies in intelligent library%新信息技术在智能图书馆中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董秋生; 马骏涛; 宋欣

    2014-01-01

    介绍了云计算、移动互联和物联网的概念、特点和作用,及其对图书馆智能化、知识化、泛在化服务的影响。%Described in this paper are concept, characteristics and functions of cloud computing, mobile library and Internet of things and their effect on intelligent, knowledge-based and ubiquitous library service.

  6. Establishment of bacteria display technology for Fab antibody library screening%筛选Fab抗体库的细菌展示技术的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐黎明; 尹成凯; 任桂萍; 田辉; 王雪苯; 丁良君; 李德山

    2011-01-01

    目的:利用NlpA蛋白的前六个氨基酸(CDQSSS)将抗体锚定在细菌内膜建立筛选Fabs抗体库的展示技术,为今后抗体的研发工作奠定基础.方法:从pNAD质粒中克隆出NlpA leader(含有CDQSSS序列)基因序列,利用相应的酶切位点将该序列插入pComb3表达载体中构建成用于展示Fab的重组质粒pBFD.将从pEAI质粒克隆得到的anti-human IL-1β抗体的重链Fab和全长轻链分别插入到NlpA leader和pelB leader( pComb3载体自带的果胶酶基因前导肽)的下游.将pBFD-Fab转入到E.coli DH5α中诱导表达,原生质球制备后,采用梯度浓度的抗原进行孵育,最后经流式细胞术(FCM)检测抗体展示情况并且分选阳性群体,利用质粒提取的方法来替代PCR方法拯救阳性基因,转化E.coli DH5α,利用FCM再次检测该群体展示的抗体与抗原结合情况.结果:所展示的anti-hlL-1β Fab抗体依次与抗原和FITC标记的抗原特异性抗体孵育后,用FCM实时检测,结果显示出很强的荧光信号并且表现出抗原浓度依赖性.拯救出的pBFD-Fab-原生质球的FCM检测结果与首次展示的FCM结果一致,该系统能够稳定的展示抗体.结论:经过该细菌展示系统展示的Fab抗体能够有效的折叠,与相应的抗原具有很好的特异性结合能力.成功改进该展示技术的基因拯救方法,避免了基因突变和链置换的发生.此外还证明了该展示技术具有很好的稳定性.本实验成功构建了筛选Fab抗体库的细菌展技术.%AIM:To establish bacterial display technology for the purpose of Fab antibody library screening, by u-sing six amino acids (CDQSSS) of the amino termimus of NlpA protein to anchore antibodies to the periplasmic side of the bacterial inner membrane. METHODS: The NlpA Leader sequences (encoding CDQSSS) was amplified from pNAD plasmid. The PCR product was subcloned into pComb3 expression vector to generate Fab display vector pBFD. The heavy chains of the Fab gene

  7. SPLAT: Innovative Collaboration in Idaho's Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Vecchione

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Libraries face shrinking budgets, increased use, and user demand for trendy resources. This makes it difficult for librarians to find the time to keep current with innovative library trends, such as technological tools and social media developments. The Special Projects Library Action Team (SPLAT offers a new model for enhancing library services. SPLAT is a group supported by the Idaho Commission for Libraries (ICFL, the state agency responsible for assisting libraries. The members of SPLAT are innovation representatives who search and experiment with social media trends and online tools, and share the best ways to integrate them into services at all types of libraries. SPLAT members have developed SPLAT 101, an online class geared towards teaching library staff new Web technologies. Members also present about trends at conferences, blog relevant content, and engage in peer-to-peer education--all meant to demystify and exploit emergent technologies. These efforts have yielded enhanced library services, encouraged changes to policies, and increased positive user experiences. In this article we summarize how SPLAT works, explain how SPLAT has helped Idaho's libraries experiment with evolving services, analyze the success of SPLAT as a model for other states, and discuss future steps.

  8. Web-Based Instruction A Guide for Libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Susan Sharpless

    2010-01-01

    Expanding on the popular, practical how-to guide for public, academic, school, and special libraries, technology expert Susan Sharpless Smith offers library instructors the confidence to take Web-based instruction into their own hands.

  9. CERN´s Library: members of the Scientific Information Service

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    The Scientific Information Service in the Education and Technology Transfer division is responsible for maintaining and updating the CERN Library and Scientific Archives. The members of the group are pictured here in CERN's central library.

  10. The social library in three contexts – programs and perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Delica, Kristian Nagel; Elbeshausen, Hans

    2015-01-01

    Across different national contexts public libraries have dealt, in diverse yet comparable ways, with the multiple challenges stemming from globalization, migration, marginalization and technological developments. This article argues, by way of dissecting three cases of library planning programmes...

  11. Educational Technology Funding Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, Amy E.

    2008-01-01

    Library and cross-disciplinary literature all stress the increasing importance of instructional technology in higher education. However, there is a dearth of articles detailing funding for library instructional technology. The bulk of library literature on funding for these projects focuses on one-time grant opportunities and on the architecture…

  12. Digital Culture and Digital Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalçın Yalçınkaya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study; digital culture and digital library which have a vital connection with each other are examined together. The content of the research consists of the interaction of culture, information, digital culture, intellectual technologies, and digital library concepts. The study is an entry work to integrity of digital culture and digital library theories and aims to expand the symmetry. The purpose of the study is to emphasize the relation between the digital culture and digital library theories acting intersection of the subjects that are examined. Also the perspective of the study is based on examining the literature and analytical evaluation in both studies (digital culture and digital library. Within this context, the methodology of the study is essentially descriptive and has an attribute for the transmission and synthesis of distributed findings produced in the field of the research. According to the findings of the study results, digital culture is an inclusive term that describes the effects of intellectual technologies in the field of information and communication. Information becomes energy and the spectrum of the information is expanding in the vertical rise through the digital culture. In this context, the digital library appears as a new living space of a new environment. In essence, the digital library is information-oriented; has intellectual technology support and digital platform; is in a digital format; combines information resources and tools in relationship/communication/cooperation by connectedness, and also it is the dynamic face of the digital culture in time and space independence. Resolved with the study is that the digital libraries are active and effective in the formation of global knowing and/or mass wisdom in the process of digital culture.

  13. Library news

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2010-01-01

    The CERN Library has been providing electronic access to the "Techniques de l'Ingénieur" database for the past 8 months. As a reminder, this is a multidisciplinary database of over 4000 technical and scientific articles in French, covering a broad range of topics such as mechanical engineering, safety, electronics and the environment. In a few simple steps, you can create your own account, select the types of documents you are interested in and configure your settings so as to receive alerts when articles in your field of activity are published. You can now access this resource from outside CERN using the "remote access to electronic resources" service. Further information is available here. Direct access to the database. Remote access to electronic resources. If you have any questions or comments, don't hesitate to contact us at: library.desk@cern.ch.

  14. Analysis on the Application of 3D Printing Technology in the Library%3D打印技术在图书馆中应用的现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文举

    2015-01-01

    从3D打印的概念入手,介绍了国内外图书馆开通3D打印服务的现状,阐述了图书馆提供3D打印服务的意义,分析了我国图书馆未普及3D打印服务的主要原因。%ABSTRACT:Starting from the concept of 3D printing, this paper introduces the current situation of the opening of 3D printing service in domestic and foreign libraries, illustrates the significance for the library to provide 3D printing service, and analyzes the main reasons why 3D printing technology has not yet popularized in China.

  15. 科技大學圖書館服務品質評量指標之分析 An Analysis for Library Service Quality Indices of Technological University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tai-Kuei Yu

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available 知識經濟時代的來臨使得大學圖書館扮演的角色日益重要,網際網路的興起與普及化,科技大學師生需要多樣化,快速檢索資訊與共同使用知識的便利,使得過去衡 量圖書館服務的量表也顯得不適用。本研究主要目的是發展適合於網際網路時代的科技大學圖書館服務品質量表,參酌「服務滿意度」、「資訊服務品質」、「圖書 館服務品質」等領域的相關文獻,修訂「圖書館服務品質量表之構面」,形成「人員服務」、「檢索系統易用性」、「館藏取得便利」、「檢索設備服務」、「電子 期刊參考服務」、「館藏資源服務」等六個探索性因素構面,再以此六個因素構面為基礎,蒐集公、私立各一所科技大學圖書館使用者,回收共計469個有效樣 本,進行統計上的驗證。本研究發展的量表工具在驗證性因素分析及模式交叉驗證中,皆均獲得良好的信度、效度,最後針對公私立科大的服務品質指標進行相互比 較,並提出本研究限制及對後續研究與圖書館管理實務的若干建議。Library plays an increasingly important role in the age of knowledge-based economy. With the prosperity of the Internet, technological university readers need variously and rapidly search information, conveniently retrieve various information and knowledge sharing facilities. Hence, current models for measuring service quality of library are perceived as inapplicable as they are targeted primarily towards traditional library contexts. The main purpose of this study is to develop a comprehensive model and instrument for measuring library service quality in the Internet context. This study reviews the literature relating to service satisfaction, information service quality and library service quality, then proposes six exploratory dimensions of library service, including person service, easeful retrieval

  16. 论数字图书馆的表现形式%On the Form of Expression of Digital Libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳菊; 李艳秋

    2001-01-01

    Two main forms of digital libraries are proposed, that is, the digital library based on digitizing the current collections of traditional libraries and the network library constructed by using modern information technologies directly. The advantages and disadvantages of these two kinds of digital libraries are analyzed. Finally, the paper presents some ideas of its own on the construction of digital libraries in China.

  17. Opportunities and Challenges of University Library Service Brought by Mobile Technology Changes%移动技术的变革给高校图书馆读者服务带来的机遇和挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李双双

    2015-01-01

    With the popularity of modern communications and electronic equipment, mobile technology in people's lives and work more and more applications, it brings new opportunities and challenges to college library service mode. This article will first analyze the characteristics and advantages of mobile technology, and then sort the problem in the application of mo-bile technology encountered during the university library service activities, measures to move the final analysis techniques you need service opportunities and technology, hoping to to provide theoretical and practical inspiration for the construction of the relevant university library.%随着现代通信和电子设备的普及,移动技术在人们生活和工作中的应用也越来越多,这给高校图书馆读者服务模式带来了新的机遇和挑战。本文将首先分析移动技术的特点及优势,然后梳理在应用移动技术过程中高校图书馆服务活动所遇到的问题,最后分析移动技术为读者服务所带来的机遇及技术的应用措施,希望可以为相关高校图书馆的建设提供一定的理论和实践启示。

  18. Library Benchmarking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiji Suwarno

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The term benchmarking has been encountered in the implementation of total quality (TQM or in Indonesian termed holistic quality management because benchmarking is a tool to look for ideas or learn from the library. Benchmarking is a processof measuring and comparing for continuous business process of systematic and continuous measurement, the process of measuring and comparing for continuous business process of an organization to get information that can help these organization improve their performance efforts.

  19. 移动技术下的图书馆参考咨询现状研究%Study on the Current status of Library Reference under Mobile Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马仲兵

    2012-01-01

    The popularity of mobile devices will lead to the great changes that are how and where to learn and educate.Library can provide readers the resources and services by personal or other mobile devices at anytime and anywhere.Reference librarians can use and apply mobile devices to provide services for the reader in mobile learning environment.The challenges that the libraries are facing includes a rapidly changing technology,the cost of adopting new technologies,the diversity among library users' needs and preferences and providing a stable and consistent service.The combination of mobile librarians,mobile readers and mobile content provides a combination of an ideal and ubiquitous library.%移动设备的普及,将导致学习和教育的方式和地点发生着重大的变化。图书馆采取个人的或其它的移动设备可以为读者提供随时随地,无处不在的资源和服务。参考馆员可以使用和应用移动设备,在移动学习环境下为读者提供服务。图书馆面临的挑战包括:迅速变化的技术领域,采用新技术的成本,图书馆读者之间的需求和喜好的多样性,并需要提供稳定地、一致性的服务。移动馆员,移动读者和移动内容的一个结合提供了一个无处不在的理想的图书馆。

  20. CERN looks to library of the future

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Participants to the International School on the Digital Library and E-publishing for Science and Technology From 3 to 8 March CERN became an information exhange when it hosted the 'International Spring School on the Digital Library and E-publishing for Science and Technology'. The aim was to share knowledge among the various parties that provide a scientific information service to the CERN users, such as academic libraries, research libraries, publishers, and of course CERN itself. The school involved 50 participants and 17 speakers from countries as far away as Japan and the US. 'The event provided an international forum to advance the state of scientific digital libraries', says the course director Rick Luce, research library director at Los Alamos National Laboratory. 'As a result, we believe this will make a tangible contribution to improving the scholarly resources and electronic services available to physicists throughout Europe and beyond.'

  1. Analysis on the application of RFID technology in university library:taking library of Guizhou University of Finance and Economics as an example%浅析RFID技术在高校图书馆的应用-以贵州财经大学图书馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟筱莺

    2016-01-01

    文章就无线射频识别(Radio Frequency Identiifcation,RFID)技术在贵州财经大学全面试运行的情况进行概述以及RFID技术在图书馆应用中存在的问题进行了分析和探讨,为以后RFID技术在图书馆中的更好发展提供借鉴。%This paper brielfy introduces the situation of RFID(Radio Frequency Identiifcation)technology rolling out in full at Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, analyzes and discusses the existing problems on the application of RFID technology to offer reference for the better development of the RFID technology application in university library.

  2. Comparison of Iranian National Medical Library with digital libraries of selected countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh; Najafi, Nayere Sadat Soleimanzade; Atashpour, Bahare

    2014-01-01

    The important role of information and communication technologies and their influence on methods of storing, retrieving information in digital libraries, has not only changed the meanings behind classic library activates but has also created great changes in their services. However, it seems that not all digital libraries provide their users with similar services and only some of them are successful in fulfilling their role in digital environment. The Iranian National Medical library is among those that appear to come short compared to other digital libraries around the world. By knowing the different services provided by digital libraries worldwide, one can evaluate the services provided by Iranian National Medical library. The goal of this study is a comparison between Iranian National Medical library and digital libraries of selected countries. This is an applied study and uses descriptive - survey method. The statistical population is the digital libraries around the world which were actively providing library services between October and December 2011 and were selected by using the key word "Digital Library" in Google search engine. The data-gathering tool was direct access to the websites of these digital libraries. The statistical study is descriptive and Excel software was used for data analysis and plotting of the charts. The findings showed that among the 33 digital libraries investigated worldwide, most of them provided Browse (87.87%), Search (84.84%), and Electronic information retrieval (57.57%) services. The "Help" in public services (48/48%) and "Interlibrary Loan" in traditional services (27/27%) had the highest frequency. The Iranian National Medical library provides more digital services compared to other libraries but has less classic and public services and has less than half of possible public services. Other than Iranian National Medical library, among the 33 libraries investigated, the leaders in providing different services are Library of

  3. News from the Library

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Library

    2010-01-01

    Discover more literature and be aware of the most popular articles! For years particle physicists have  enjoyed monitoring the most cited articles thanks to the Spires system. This is obviously an important feature that is also carried forward by Inspire, a system currently available in its beta version. For colleagues based at CERN working in closely related disciplines or in technological areas, no system has been available to monitor the most cited articles within the various specific topics. As a result of the rapid changes in the information landscape, the Library is currently streamlining the set of databases CERN subscribes to. In this context the Library is now making  different services available for site-wide evaluation. Thomson Web of Knowledge is a platform that integrates over 100 years of scientific literature and citations, covering more than 256 disciplines. This tool offers various interesting features, including the citation report, which can be a good sourc...

  4. Information literacy of the academic library users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanda Hasenay

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Information literacy should be a foundation of any educational system, which would enable students and library users a more efficient way to perform academically and in everyday life. The research goal was to determine the level of information literacy among the students, users of the Library of Faculty of Food and Technology Osijek (PTFOS. A special survey – quiz was used to determine students’ knowledge of library collection and services. The sample of 115 students was surveyed between 16th and 27th of February 2015. The library users are aware of the conditions of using the library collections as well as library services, but they don't read messages on the library's bulletin board, desks and web site. The research results will be used as guidelines for improving information literacy and future research.

  5. The Adoption of Innovations in Library Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-may Sheih Chen

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available To enhance the quality of library and information service, libraries have borrowed from business theory and practice in planning and evaluating library services. However, an area of business theory that has received relatively little attention in library science is organizational innovation. Reports in the business literature provide evidence that innovation is essential for both development and survival. In increasingly unstable times of rapidly changing information technology, libraries must use the literature of innovation as well as that of planning and evaluation to shape better libraries. This paper explores key issues related to innovation in libraries including the nature, the barriers, and the ways to adopt and implement innovative strategies successfully. [Article content in Chinese

  6. Differently Able: A Review of Academic Library Websites for People with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassner, Mary; Maxey-Harris, Charlene; Anaya, Toni

    2011-01-01

    This research is based on the Library Services for People with Disabilities Policy, which was approved by the American Library Association in 2001. The policy identified focus areas for libraries including library services, facilities, collections, and assistive technology. Library websites frequently convey this information to users. Our study…

  7. Research on the Application of MAS Technology in the Construction of Digital Library of Hospital%MAS技术在医院数字图书馆建设中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶蓉; 罗静

    2015-01-01

    随着互联网、移动通讯技术的飞速发展,各类手机及智能互联网终端越来越普及,如何帮助医务人员通过各类移动终端登录数字图书馆,从而享受更加完善的医学信息检索服务成为现代化医院数字图书馆亟待解决的问题。结合目前医院数字图书馆的整体情况,研究如何应用MAS技术通过互联网、移动通讯网络,采用短彩信、PUSHMAIL、WAP以及智能终端APP等形式实现医院数字图书馆向手机、平板电脑等各终端的延伸,让医务人员在任何时间、任何地点都可以享受医学信息检索服务。旨在研究提升医院数字图书馆信息化水平及服务能力,同时也希望这种通过整合移动通讯网、互联网相关新技术的思路能对医院提升信息化建设有所帮助。%With the rapidly developing of Internet and mobile communication technology, mobile phones and smart internet terminals are more and more popular now. How to help medical personnel log in digital library and enjoy more perfect medical information retrieval service through all kinds of mobile terminals are becoming an urgent problem of modern hospital digital libraries. In consideration of the overall hospital digital library situation in China, the author studied the extension from hospital digital library to mobile phone, tablet PC and other mobile terminals. By use of the application of MAS technology, the medical personnel can use medical information service anytime and anywhere through Short MMS, PUSHMAIL WAP and other intelligent terminal applications. This scheme aims to promote hospital digital library informationization level and service ability. And at the same time, to help hospitals improve informationization construction through the idea of integration of mobile network and Internet related new technologies.

  8. Independent School Libraries Perspectives on excellence

    CERN Document Server

    HAND, DORCAS

    2010-01-01

    Independent School Libraries: Perspectives on Excellence offers readers insights into best practices in library services for school communities, using examples drawn from independent schools of various sizes, descriptions, and locations across the United States. Two overview essays introduce a statistical analysis of independent schools. Each of the remaining essays provides perspective on a different aspect of library practice, including staffing, advocacy, assessment, technology, collaboration, programs beyond the curriculum, intellectual freedom and privacy, budgeting, accreditation, disast

  9. University libraries and social media policies

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays changing technology and changing user profile have impelled libraries to resort to different methods in order to communicate with the people they serve. The libraries which are the meeting place of people who investigate, question, want to have a good time, and who want to socialize need a good promotion regardless of types. Libraries use second-generation internet services to take constructive and developer steps in the field of services marketing, presenting and public relations. U...

  10. Knowledge Organization Systems for Semantic Digital Libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Babu, Preedip Balaji; Sarangi, Amit K; Madalli, Devika P.

    2012-01-01

    As the traditional knowledge organization systems (KOS) like classification, thesauri are paving way for ontologies, transtechnological data models and semantic networks of data exchange provide impetus for developing semantic digital libraries. This paper attempts to find the KOS in the early digital libraries, and how they can be integrated with the digital library architectures using emergent semantic technologies and data. Metadata remains as a core area at the heart o...

  11. Dormitory libraries: libraries in dormitories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Pavletič

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Dormitory libries are not justly treated in Slovenia. They have a double purpose: to develop student literacy, especially reading, critical and creative competence and, moreover, to provide students with opportunities for learning and active spending of free-time. This is made possible by means of a good collection of expertly arranged library material, which is regulary updated and presented to its users, both students and tutors alike. A questionnaire has helped us to find out that libraries in secondary school dormitories carry out their work rather successfully, especially from the viewpoint of poor facilities. The major problems are, nevertheless, the appropriate qualifications of those who fill the posts of librarian and low financial resources. Therefore, such activities should be thoroughly analysed and reconsidered in terms of possible effective solutions, if we want to at least maintain them, let alone develop them.

  12. Digital library research and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCray, A T

    2000-01-01

    The last decade has seen an exponential rise in the amount and the nature of information that is available on the Internet. Internet and World Wide Web technology have raised many technical as well as social and economic issues. The paper begins with a description of the recent digital library research initiative funded by the U.S. federal government. Digital library research addresses a host of informatics issues relevant to the current Internet-based environment. The paper continues with a discussion of some problems in information access, including a discussion of the potential of the Unified Medical Language System for navigating among multiple biomedical information systems. Next, some issues in creating Web-accessible resources for health care consumers are addressed, with a focus on recent work at the National Library of Medicine, including a description of the MEDLINEplus system. The paper ends with a brief discussion of some implications of digital library research for the health informatics community.

  13. Libraries for users services in academic libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Alvite, Luisa

    2010-01-01

    This book reviews the quality and evolution of academic library services. It revises service trends offered by academic libraries and the challenge of enhancing traditional ones such as: catalogues, repositories and digital collections, learning resources centres, virtual reference services, information literacy and 2.0 tools.studies the role of the university library in the new educational environment of higher educationrethinks libraries in academic contextredefines roles for academic libraries

  14. E-Commerce for Library Promotion and Sustainability: How Library Technicians Can Market Themselves and Their Library's Services Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Retzlaff, Lothar

    2006-01-01

    As players in the delivery of services and online information, libraries are in the best position to use staff expertise and the technology they have developed to foster community awareness of social, professional and commercial interactions on the internet. Historically, libraries have been progressive institutions, undertaking constant…

  15. E-Commerce for Library Promotion and Sustainability: How Library Technicians Can Market Themselves and Their Library's Services Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Retzlaff, Lothar

    2006-01-01

    As players in the delivery of services and online information, libraries are in the best position to use staff expertise and the technology they have developed to foster community awareness of social, professional and commercial interactions on the internet. Historically, libraries have been progressive institutions, undertaking constant…

  16. Study on library access control system based on face recognition technology%基于人脸识别技术的图书馆门禁系统的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静端

    2016-01-01

    通过对人脸识别技术与其他身份识别技术的对比,分析不同技术之间的优缺点,进而提出基于人脸识别的图书馆门禁系统优于传统图书馆门禁系统,同时对系统的组成结构、工作原理、算法代码编写流程以及系统测试等进行了研究。传统图书馆门禁系统存在三个关键问题:存在不安全隐患、存在5%左右的误识率和识别速度慢。针对上述三个关键问题分别提出了解决方案。由于人脸识别技术有着“人脸无法替代”、非侵犯性的特性,因此将人脸识别技术应用于图书馆门禁系统,排除了传统图书馆门禁系统存在安全隐患的现象;从系统设备选型、网络设计、软件设计方面提升了人脸识别终端机对人脸的识别率;由于人脸的识别时间小于1 s,从根本上解决了图书馆门禁系统识别速度慢的问题。%The facial recognition technology and other identification technologies are compared,and their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. And then it is proposed that the library access control system based on face recognition is superior to the traditional library access control system. The composing structure and working principle of the system,code programming process of the algorithm , and system testing for the library access control system are studied. There are three key problems existing in traditional library entrance guard system,such as potential safety hazard,about 5% false recognition rate,and slow identification speed. The solutions to solve the above three key problems are proposed respectively. Since the face recognition technology has the“irreplacable”and non⁃invasiveness characteristics,the face recognition technology is applied to the library access control system,so as to exclude the potential safety hazard existing in traditional library access control system. The face recognition rate of the face recognition terminal was improved in the

  17. The Library Search Engine: A Smart Solution for Integrating Resources Beyond Library Holdings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Herm

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The Cooperative Library Network Berlin-Brandenburg (KOBV, Germany addresses the problem of how to integrate resources found outside the library and library holdings into a single discovery tool. It presents a solution that uses open source technology to develop a next-generation catalog interface called the Library Search Engine. This pilot project was launched in 2007 with the library of Albert Einstein Science Park, Potsdam. The idea was to design and develop a fast and convenient search tool, integrating local holdings (books, journals, journal articles as well as relevant scientific subject information such as open access publications and bibliographies.

  18. [Cold induced cDNA library construction of highland barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. nudum Hk. f.) using suppression subtractive hybridization technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Tao; Jia, Jing Fen

    2008-12-01

    Cold-induced genes of highland barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. nudum Hk. f.) were studied using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) technique. The cDNA from the materials treated with 4 degrees C was used as "tester", and that from the materials growing in green house (20+/-2 degrees C) as "driver". A subtractive library of highland barley including 640 cDNA clones was constructed in this study. Enzyme digestion of 32 clones chosen randomly from the library indicated that 87.5% of them contained inserts. The cDNA inserts of 16 clones were sequenced. Blast search analyses showed that these cDNAs were homologies to genes encoding the following proteins: metallothionein, protein kinase, ethylene signal transcription factor, bZIP transcription factor, zing finger transcription factor, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, ribosomal protein, sodium: hydrogen antiporter, catalase, NADPH-cytochrome reductase, ascorbate peroxidase, DNA binding protein, and sugar transporter-like protein. These results indicated that the cDNA clones in the library were related to cold-induced genes, and suggested that the cold-tolerant mechanism of highland barley might be a complicated, interactive system involving multiple approaches and genes. Construction of subtractive cDNA library provided an advantage for further studies to isolate and clone cold-induced genes in highland barley.

  19. Web Usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines Do Not Influence Practices at ARL Academic Libraries. A Review of: Chen, Yu‐Hui, Carol Anne Germain and Huahai Yang. “An Exploration into the Practices of Library Web Usability in ARL Academic Libraries.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60.5 (2009: 953‐68.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shandra Protzko

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To survey the current status of Web usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines (PSGs found in academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL. Researchers sought to investigate whether PSGs are in place, the levels of difficulty surrounding implementation, the impact of PSGs on design, testing, and resource allocation, and the relationship between ARL ranking and usability practice or PSGs.Design – Survey.Setting – North America.Subjects – Academic libraries of the ARL.Methods – An 18‐question survey consisting of multiple choice, Likert scale, and open‐ended questions was sent to all 113 ARL libraries in November 2007. Survey recipients were selected as the person in charge of Web site usability by visiting library Web sites and phone inquiry. The survey was concluded in January 2008 with a response rate of 74% (84 institutions. The researchers used t‐test to detect any difference in ARL library ranking between libraries with and without PSGs. Pair‐wise t‐tests were conducted to identify gaps in difficulty implementing PSGs. In addition, they used Pearson’s Correlation to investigate any significant correlations between variables such as ARL rank and resource allocation.Main Results – Of the 84 respondents, 34 (40% have general library Web PSGs and 25 (30% have specific usability PSGs; 41 (49% have at least one type of in‐library PSG. Of the 43 (51% libraries that do not have PSGs, 30 (36% are at universities with institutional Web usability PSGs; 26 (87% follow those guidelines. There was no statistically significant relationship between ARL ranking and PSG status (see Table 1. The authors asked about difficulty in implementing PSGs. Of the 32 libraries responding to a question about general library Web PSGs, most had slight or moderate difficulty. Twenty‐three libraries with specific usability PSGs identified difficulty levels; some had no difficulty, but a majority had moderate difficulty

  20. Library Instruction and Online Database Searching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercado, Heidi

    1999-01-01

    Reviews changes in online database searching in academic libraries. Topics include librarians conducting all searches; the advent of end-user searching and the need for user instruction; compact disk technology; online public catalogs; the Internet; full text databases; electronic information literacy; user education and the remote library user;…

  1. User studies for digital library development

    CERN Document Server

    Dobreva, Milena; Feliciati, Pierluigi

    2012-01-01

    As the information environment becomes increasingly electronic, digital libraries have proliferated, but the focus has often been on innovations in technology and not the user. This title provides a clear overview of the user studies domain and user issues in digital libraries.

  2. Understanding library impacts on student learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek Rodriguez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Library with the Lead Pipe is pleased to welcome guest author Derek Rodriguez. Derek serves as a Program Officer with the Triangle Research Libraries Network where he supports collaborative technology initiatives within the consortium and is project manager for the TRLN Endeca Project. He is a Doctoral candidate at the School of Information [...

  3. Digital Libraries--Methods and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of…

  4. Library-Information Education in Algeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boumarafi, B. B.; Haythornthwaite, J.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the development of educational programs for library technicians, librarians, and information professionals in Algeria and describes the current educational structure. Topics discussed include the need for improvements in curriculum development, teaching staff development, library facilities, and the use of information technologies. (CLB)

  5. Building a Digital Library on a Shoestring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Kate Foster; Creighton, Alma

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss ways one can create a digital library on a shoestring despite the current high technology costs. Here, they describe the University of South Carolina's digital library development. The cost associated with building and maintaining the digital collections seems to have been worth it based on the feedback that…

  6. Changing Learning and Libraries in Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappas, Marjorie L.

    1999-01-01

    The new edition of "Information Power, National Guidelines for School Libraries" has a focus on change as reflected in technology, educational philosophy, role of the library media specialists, and importance of information literacy across the curriculum. These changes are explored, new trends are related to practice, and the impact on…

  7. Reviewing the Electronic Resources & Libraries Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tijerina, Bonnie

    2008-01-01

    The third Electronic Resources & Libraries (ER&L) conference gathered at Georgia Institute of Technology's Global Learning and Conference Center in Atlanta, Georgia, March 18-21, 2008. Over 360 attendees, from six countries and from 80% of the United States, represented their libraries and organizations resulting in a diverse and…

  8. An Integrated Library System: Preliminary Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neroda, Edward

    Noting difficulties experienced by small to medium sized colleges in acquiring integrated library computer systems, this position paper outlines issues related to the subject with the intention of increasing familiarity and interest in integrated library systems. The report includes: a brief review of technological advances as they relate to…

  9. Digital Libraries--Methods and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of…

  10. The Ideas of Henry Jenkins and Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Byron

    2008-01-01

    Henry Jenkins, director of the Comparative Media Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and keynote speaker at the 2007 American Library Association's "Gaming, Learning and Libraries Symposium" in Chicago is a visionary leader in the areas of new media and media convergence. In a white paper on digital media and learning…

  11. 数字图书馆的信息组织与个性化信息服务%Technologies of Information Organization and Individualized Information Service in Digital Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洁; 闫世江; 崔时宁

    2011-01-01

    Digital library is a main approach to solve Web information overload,resource share and knowledge found.The ultimate goal of the digital library is to create high-effective compact and flexible information serving system and individualized information service.Technologies of information organization and individualized information service of Digital library are discussed in this paper,looks ahead to the solution of the problems and the development direction of the network information organization.%数字图书馆是解决网络信息过载的关键技术,是资源共享和知识发现的主要途径之一。构建高效、简洁、灵活的信息服务体系与个性化信息服务是数字图书馆建设的重要目标。对数字图书馆的信息组织和个性化信息服务进行了探讨,并对这些问题的解决和信息组织的发展方向做了展望。

  12. 基于虚拟化技术的数字图书馆分布式云计算数据中心研究%Research on Distributed Cloud Computing Data Center for Digital Library Based on Virtualization Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓亭; 陈臣

    2012-01-01

    首先分析了虚拟化技术和云计算模式的发展趋势,然后探讨了云计算环境下数字图书馆的虚拟化建设,研究了数字图书馆虚拟化资源在云计算环境中的集成与共享机制,并对云计算环境下虚拟化数字图书馆的组织模式进行了探讨。%In this paper, firstly the author discussed the current trend of virtualization technology and the cloud computing model, and then discusses the virtualization of digital library in the cloud computing environment. The paper also studies the integrating and sharing mechanism of virtualized resources in digital library in the cloud computing environment, and furthermore makes an exploration of the organization pattern of virtual digital library in the cloud computing era.

  13. Comparative Study of Metadata Elements Used in the Website of Central Library of Universities Subordinate to the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology with the Dublin Core Metadata Elements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobra Babaei

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This research has been carried out with the aim of studying the web sites of central libraries of universities subordinate to the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology usage of metadata elements and its comparison with Dublin Core standard elements. This study was a comparative survey, in which 40 websites of academic library by using Internet Explorer browser. Then the HTML pages of these websites were seen through the Source of View menu, and metadata elements of each websites were extracted and entered in the checklist. Then, with using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage and mean analysis of data was discussed. Research findings showed that the reviewed websites did not use any Dublin Core metadata elements, general metadata Markup language used in design of all websites, the amount of metadata elements used in website, Central Library of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad and Iran Science and Industries with 57% in first ranked and Shahid Beheshti University with 49% in second ranked and the International University of Imam Khomeini with 40% was in third ranked. The approach to web designers was determined too that as follows: the content of source in first ranked and attention to physical appearance source in second ranked and also ownership of source in third position.

  14. UG二次开发技术在Web零件库系统开发中的应用研究%Application of UG Secondary Development Technology in Development of Web Parts Library System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丽; 孙文磊; 王宏伟

    2011-01-01

    通过研究C#编程语言对UG NX 6.0软件的二次开发技术,并结合ASP.NET技术实现了Web零件库系统中零件三维图形的在线动态浏览、零件表达式及属性信息的提取和零件在线参数化驱动等功能.介绍了上述功能的实现方法与过程,并给出了基于ASP.NET的Web零件库系统的应用实例.%UG secondary development for UC NX 6. 0 software by C# programming language was researched. Several important functions in web parts library system were realized with ASP. NET technology, as follows; browsing three-dimensional graphics of parts in Web parts library system, picking up expressions and attributes information in part files and driving to parameterized parts. The de tailed methods and processes to realize above functions were introduced and an applied example of Web parts library system based on ASP. NET was given.

  15. Strategic library futures

    CERN Document Server

    Baker, David

    2014-01-01

    This ebook focuses on the future of libraries and the strategies which they should best adopt in order to respond effectively to significantly changed circumstances and requirements. This ebook, then, looks at the significant challenges facing librarians as they adopt new technologies and adapt to a world that can never be the same again. But all the authors in this ebook are able to paint a positive picture of developments, with a wide range of descriptions of how librarianship is transforming itself to help shape and lead information and resource provision and discovery in ways unimaginable

  16. Science photo library

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    SPL [Science Photo Library] holds a wide range of pictures on all aspects of science, medicine and technology. The pictures come with detailed captions and are available as high quality transparencies in medium or 35mm format. Digital files can be made available on request. Our website provides low resolution files of the pictures in this catalogue, which you can search and download for layout presentation use once you have registered. High resolution files or reproduction are available on request and can be delivered to you by disk or ISDN. Visit the online catalog: www.sciencephoto.com

  17. Marketing the Virtual Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Jody Condit

    2009-01-01

    Far more people are familiar with their local public or college library facility than their library's website and online resources. In fact, according to a recent survey, 96% of Americans said they had visited a library in person, but less than one-third have visited their online library. Since everyone agrees that online library resources are…

  18. Self-encoding resin beads of combinatorial library screening

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Du; Zhao, Yuandi; Cheng, Tongsheng; Zeng, Shaoqun; Luo, Qingming

    2003-07-01

    The latest self-encoding resin bead is a novel technology for solid phase synthesis combinatorial library screening. A new encode-positional deconvolution strategy which was based on that technology been illustrated compared with positional scanning and iterative strategies. The self-encoding resin beads technology provides an efficient method for improving the high-throughput screening of combinatorial library.

  19. Knowledge service of key disciplines in universities and technology framework of modern digital library%现代数字图书馆技术架构下高校重点学科的知识服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆麟

    2015-01-01

    重点学科建设需要图书馆提供必要的文献信息资源的支撑,要将高校重点学科建设的知识服务融入信息网络数字大环境下,充分利用电子文献、网络资源等现代数字图书馆技术为重点学科建设提供综合性服务;整合各种资源,建立重点学科特色知识库,实现对重点学科知识服务;建设重点学科知识服务平台及知识服务门户,通过对重点学科服务,创建图书馆管理创新之路,保障图书馆可持续发展。%The key discipline construction need of literature information resources of the library to provide the necessary support,The construction of key discipline knowledge service in digital information network environment,make full use of modern digital library technology such as electronic literature, network resources for the construction of key disciplines to provide comprehensive services;Integration of various resources,the establishment of key subject characteristics of the knowledge base,realize the key subject knowledge service;Construction of key discipline knowledge service platform and knowledge service portal,through the key subject service,create the library management innovation road,guarantee sustainable development of the library.

  20. The Library as Search Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article presents a Technology Forum that focuses on online archives and their role in academe. The forum brought together Daniel Greenstein, associate vice provost for scholarly information and university librarian at the California Digital Library of the University of California; Adam Smith, group business-product manager for the Google Book…

  1. E-Everything and the School Library Media Specialist: Grist for the Mill (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses electronic books and the need for school library media specialists to merge information literacy and library skills with technology skills. Highlights include advancing technology for electronic books; helpful Web sites, including Project Gutenburg; and reader software. (LRW)

  2. Organizational Patterns of Scientific and Technical Libraries: An Examination of Three Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldhart, Thomas J.; Zweifel, Leroy G.

    1973-01-01

    Three aspects of the problem of library reorganization are considered with specific reference to scientific and technological libraries: the politics of centralization; the concept of accessibility; and the interaction of science and technology. (28 references) (Author)

  3. E-Everything and the School Library Media Specialist: Grist for the Mill (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses electronic books and the need for school library media specialists to merge information literacy and library skills with technology skills. Highlights include advancing technology for electronic books; helpful Web sites, including Project Gutenburg; and reader software. (LRW)

  4. Eye tracking in Library and Information Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Haakon

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic literature review of the application of eye-tracking technology within the field of library and information science. Eye-tracking technology has now reached a level of maturity, which makes the use of the technology more accessible....... Subsequently, a growing interest in employing eye tracking as a methodology within library and information science research must be anticipated. Design/methodology/approach The review follows the guidelines set in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses recommendations. Two...... reference databases are searched for relevant references: Library and Information Science Abstracts and Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts. The main selection criteria are peer-reviewed literature that describes the experimental setting, including which eye-tracking equipment was used...

  5. LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE EDUCATION IN ETHIOPIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Communication Technologies (ICTs) is found to be a strategic asset that will bring ... Plans for the future development of the program in Jimma University were also ... Historical Overview of Library Education ... should be evolved in AAU.

  6. Eye tracking in Library and Information Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Haakon

    2016-01-01

    . Subsequently, a growing interest in employing eye tracking as a methodology within library and information science research must be anticipated. Design/methodology/approach The review follows the guidelines set in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses recommendations. Two...... reference databases are searched for relevant references: Library and Information Science Abstracts and Library, Information Science and Technology Abstracts. The main selection criteria are peer-reviewed literature that describes the experimental setting, including which eye-tracking equipment was used......Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic literature review of the application of eye-tracking technology within the field of library and information science. Eye-tracking technology has now reached a level of maturity, which makes the use of the technology more accessible...

  7. Italian library associations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksenija Petaros-Kmetec

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, five library associations of national significance function at present. There are special associations of ecclesiastic libraries, prison libraries, architecture libraries and libraries with artistic material. The role of the general national association, covering all types of libraries including documentation centres, is played by the Italian Library Association. It strive for the development of a contemporary Italian library system comparable to international standards, monitors library legislation, promotes education for librarians and keeps the librarians and the broader public informed about the importance of libraries and librarianship for society. The activity and efforts of the association are reflected through their website offering much information and links to similar sites. ILA presents and realises its activities for both, the librarians and the public users. A great deal of actions promoting libraries and the Library Association might be interesting for Slovenia and perhaps transferred to our environment.

  8. Multilingual Information Service in National Science and Technology Digital Library of China%国家科技文献中心多语言信息服务研究及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张满年; 高影繁; 徐红姣; 张均胜; 王惠临

    2011-01-01

    How to provide multilingual information service effectively has become an important research Issue in scientific and technical information service domain. This paper introduces the development of multilingual information service research, ami then focuses m intiochicing tte cross-language informanon retrieval and machine translation services in national science and technology digital library of China Cross-language information retrieval and online niachine translation for abstracts of literature are firstly used in science and technology digital library in China, and this could help promote the applications of multilingual information service in digital libraries in China.%如何提高多语言信息服务质量已成为数字图书馆等科技信息服务领域的重要研究问题.文章首先介绍了国内外多语言信息服务相关研究,然后具体从跨语言信息检索和机器翻译两个方面介绍了国家科技文献中心多语言信息服务研究成果在国家科技文献在线服务系统中的应用.将跨语言信息检索功能和文摘翻译服务功能引入数字图书馆在线查询系统,在国内数字图书馆信息服务领域尚属探索性尝试,可以为进一步提高数字图书馆多语言信息服务质量提供经验.

  9. Current tools and techniques in library science

    CERN Document Server

    Ralhan, Punit

    2009-01-01

    The book undertakes a comprehensive look at the trend of information explosion in library science throughout the ages with the aid of technology, and the contemporary tools in the field. The trend of library policy is clearly towards the ideal of making all information available without delay to all people. Because of technological progress, however, the difficulties of accomplishing this goal is formidable and growing.

  10. Sustainability Challenge for Academic Libraries: Planning for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankowska, Maria Anna; Marcum, James W.

    2010-01-01

    There is growing concern that a variety of factors threaten the sustainability of academic libraries: developing and preserving print and digital collections, supplying and supporting rapidly changing technological and networking infrastructure, providing free services, maintaining growing costs of library buildings, and lowering libraries'…

  11. Development Aid for a University Library of the Third World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henschke, Ekkehard

    1978-01-01

    Describes and analyzes the aid given to the Library of the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IITM) by the Library of the Technical University of Berlin (TUB) from the latter part of the 1960's to the end of 1974; and concludes with general recommendations for library aid projects. (VT)

  12. Public Libraries in the United States Survey: Fiscal Year 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, Justin; Manjarrez, C. Arturo; Miller, Kim A.; Owens, Timothy; Swan, Deanne W.; Vese, Rodney D., Jr.; Arroyo, J. Andrea; Craig, Terri; Dorinski, Suzanne; Freeman, Michael; Isaac, Natasha; O'Shea, Patricia; Schilling, Peter; Scotto, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The relatively high use rates and program attendance highlight the public value provided by local libraries at a time of dramatic economic, technology, and demographic change. The Public Libraries in the United States Survey is one important way of examining when, where and how library services are changing to meet those needs. The data, supplied…

  13. Broadband for Public Libraries: Importance, Issues, and Research Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandel, Lauren H.; Bishop, Bradley Wade; McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo; Jaeger, Paul T.

    2010-01-01

    U.S. public libraries provide free public internet services to the communities that they serve, but require robust, high-speed broadband internet connections to continue meeting public demands. The 2008-2009 "Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study" ("PLFTAS") illustrates challenges that public libraries encounter in achieving broadband…

  14. Globetrotting Students and Faculty: Adapting Library Instruction to Global Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solis, Eimmy; Perkins, Dan

    2017-01-01

    As e-resources become more ubiquitous, and the technologies available to access them more sophisticated, libraries have greater opportunities to reach out to global users. However, this same distance means that some users never even set foot in a physical library. This case study will describe how one large academic library started a business,…

  15. Ignoring the Evidence: Another Decade of Decline for School Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberg, Dianne

    2012-01-01

    Four decades of research indicates that well-staffed, well-stocked, and well-used school libraries are correlated with increases in student achievement. Well-staffed school libraries have qualified teacher-librarians with qualifications in librarianship, digital technologies, and inquiry-based pedagogies. Well-stocked school libraries include…

  16. Web 2.0 Strategy in Libraries and Information Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Alex

    2008-01-01

    Web 2.0 challenges libraries to change from their predominantly centralised service models with integrated library management systems at the hub. Implementation of Web 2.0 technologies and the accompanying attitudinal shifts will demand reconceptualisation of the nature of library and information service around a dynamic, ever changing, networked,…

  17. Service Standards for the Mobile/Social Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

    2010-01-01

    Customer service is at the core of everything librarians do in libraries. They strive to create positive customer relationships and to provide added value to the library services offered to their patrons. Emerging technologies offer opportunities for creative integration with library services. Staff should be encouraged to explore, learn, and…

  18. Panel Discussion on Libraries and Best Practices in Fair Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathemacher, Andree J.

    2012-01-01

    This report covers a panel discussion on the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries, published in January 2012 by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). The panel was held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on March 23, 2012, and was hosted by the MIT Libraries. Panelists were Patricia…

  19. Broadband for Public Libraries: Importance, Issues, and Research Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandel, Lauren H.; Bishop, Bradley Wade; McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo; Jaeger, Paul T.

    2010-01-01

    U.S. public libraries provide free public internet services to the communities that they serve, but require robust, high-speed broadband internet connections to continue meeting public demands. The 2008-2009 "Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study" ("PLFTAS") illustrates challenges that public libraries encounter in achieving broadband…

  20. Community College Library Job Descriptions and Organizational Charts. CJCLS Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Born, Judy, Comp.; Clayton, Sue, Comp.; Balash, Aggie, Comp.

    Organizational change and technological developments have impacted community college library staffing. Every job description at every level requires some degree of computer expertise. Many libraries have developed new computer-related positions, while other libraries have incorporated these responsibilities into existing staff positions.…

  1. How to use web 2.0 in your library

    CERN Document Server

    Bradley, Phil

    2007-01-01

    The Web 2.0 and social software explosion has the capability to transform the online profile of libraries and help reach out to tech-savvy young users to whom the library may be invisible. This title explains how to use the different types of Web 2.0 technologies, and, using examples, shows how libraries can get the most out of them.

  2. The Coolness Factor: Ten Libraries Listen to Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Elaine

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the results of focus groups and surveys that asked teenagers their opinions of libraries and library services. Highlights include access to technology; customer service for students; library space for teens; books and materials; rules, regulations, and hours; jobs and service opportunities; and marketing toward teens. (LRW)

  3. Chemical Space of DNA-Encoded Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franzini, Raphael M; Randolph, Cassie

    2016-07-28

    In recent years, DNA-encoded chemical libraries (DECLs) have attracted considerable attention as a potential discovery tool in drug development. Screening encoded libraries may offer advantages over conventional hit discovery approaches and has the potential to complement such methods in pharmaceutical research. As a result of the increased application of encoded libraries in drug discovery, a growing number of hit compounds are emerging in scientific literature. In this review we evaluate reported encoded library-derived structures and identify general trends of these compounds in relation to library design parameters. We in particular emphasize the combinatorial nature of these libraries. Generally, the reported molecules demonstrate the ability of this technology to afford hits suitable for further lead development, and on the basis of them, we derive guidelines for DECL design.

  4. The National electronic library a guide to the future for library managers

    CERN Document Server

    1996-01-01

    The National Information Infrastructure will bring information to the doorstep of every household. Librarianship must respond to this development through the National Electronic Library. Librarianship as a profession must set the information agenda if it is to be a viable and influential entity in the electronic environment. Traditional library services are being redefined by technology, and the concept of the National Electronic Library must combine the roles of the academic institution, public enterprise, and library education. This professional reference is a guide to assist librarians in planning for the future.||The volume maintains that the growing electronic environment is driving a cultural transformation in which libraries must examine and understand what libraries have been, what they are, and what they need to be. Libraries need to participate actively in this transformation in order to remain the central providers of information and related services. The book explores the National Electronic Libra...

  5. A library-based bioinformatics services program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarfitz, S; Ketchell, D S

    2000-01-01

    Support for molecular biology researchers has been limited to traditional library resources and services in most academic health sciences libraries. The University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries have been providing specialized services to this user community since 1995. The library recruited a Ph.D. biologist to assess the molecular biological information needs of researchers and design strategies to enhance library resources and services. A survey of laboratory research groups identified areas of greatest need and led to the development of a three-pronged program: consultation, education, and resource development. Outcomes of this program include bioinformatics consultation services, library-based and graduate level courses, networking of sequence analysis tools, and a biological research Web site. Bioinformatics clients are drawn from diverse departments and include clinical researchers in need of tools that are not readily available outside of basic sciences laboratories. Evaluation and usage statistics indicate that researchers, regardless of departmental affiliation or position, require support to access molecular biology and genetics resources. Centralizing such services in the library is a natural synergy of interests and enhances the provision of traditional library resources. Successful implementation of a library-based bioinformatics program requires both subject-specific and library and information technology expertise.

  6. A library-based bioinformatics services program*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarfitz, Stuart; Ketchell, Debra S.

    2000-01-01

    Support for molecular biology researchers has been limited to traditional library resources and services in most academic health sciences libraries. The University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries have been providing specialized services to this user community since 1995. The library recruited a Ph.D. biologist to assess the molecular biological information needs of researchers and design strategies to enhance library resources and services. A survey of laboratory research groups identified areas of greatest need and led to the development of a three-pronged program: consultation, education, and resource development. Outcomes of this program include bioinformatics consultation services, library-based and graduate level courses, networking of sequence analysis tools, and a biological research Web site. Bioinformatics clients are drawn from diverse departments and include clinical researchers in need of tools that are not readily available outside of basic sciences laboratories. Evaluation and usage statistics indicate that researchers, regardless of departmental affiliation or position, require support to access molecular biology and genetics resources. Centralizing such services in the library is a natural synergy of interests and enhances the provision of traditional library resources. Successful implementation of a library-based bioinformatics program requires both subject-specific and library and information technology expertise. PMID:10658962

  7. Applications of Total Quality Management in Medical Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amane Dadashi Mehrabani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ​Library is a growing organism. Consistent with social development, the growth of the nations and the impact of technology change, library management and services change as well. This feature of the libraries requires continues renewal in the ways that libraries administrate and manage their performance and services. They need to employ appropriate methods to link the information and knowledge sources with tools and channels that users prefer to use. Total quality management as one of the modern approaches could be utilized in medical libraries to ensure quality in performance and service. This paper reviews the components of TQM and its applications in libraries within available literatures.

  8. Out From Behind the Firewall: Towards Better Library IT Communications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Gayhart

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally, IT departments lack a strong focus on communications and promotions. Numerous exciting projects and services are created by library IT departments and web development teams daily, but resources for promotion are typically unavailable or deemed low priority. This article examines IT-specific communications within the library context, offers a model of user-focused communications useful to libraries of any size, and discusses University of Toronto Libraries' Information Technology Services department’s efforts to increase library technology communications.

  9. 引入易错PCR和DNA-shuffling技术构建单链抗体库%The introduction of error-prone PCR and DNA-shuffling technology to build mono-chain antibody library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨浩; 杨青平; 查成喜; 韩跃武

    2012-01-01

    目的 引入易错PCR和DNA-shuffling技术构建高库容量的单链抗体库.方法 收集不同年龄、性别、健康状态的人的静脉血各5 mL,提取单个核细胞总RNA,反转录为cDNA,PCR扩增VH和VL基因,应用易错PCR对VH和VL基因进行突变,同时用DNA-shuffling技术对全长单链抗体基因进行体外改组,获得的分子与T载体连接,转化E.coli DH5α,选取阳性克隆,经菌落PCR后酶切鉴定抗体库多样性,计算分析单链抗体库容量.结果 成功构建了库容量为4.37×1013的单链抗体库,经酶切鉴定,初步判定抗体库多样性良好.结论 引入易错PCR和DNA-shuffling技术,成功构建了单链抗体库,为后续筛选高亲和力抗体奠定了实验基础.%Objective To construct a mono-storage capacity single-chain antibody (scFv) library using error-prone PCR and DNA-shuffling technologies. Methods Peripheral blood was collected from different age, gender and healthy people. Total RNA was extracted from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and reversely transcribed to cDNA by RT-PCR. VH and VL genes were amplified by PCR and mutated by error-prone PCR. The full-length ScFv fragments were recombinated with the DNA-shuffling technology in vitro, and then connected with T vector and transformed into E. Coli DH5α. Antibody library diversity was identified by restriction enzyme digestion after colony PCR, and then the capacity of scFv was calculated. Results The 4. 37 x 1013 capacity and better diversity ScFv library was constructed by error-prone PCR and DNA-shuffling techniques. Conclusions The scFv library with high-storage capacity and genetic diversity has been constructed, which laid a foundation of selection high-affinity antibodies.

  10. RFID for libraries a practical guide

    CERN Document Server

    Pandian, M

    2010-01-01

    Many modern technologies give the impression that they somehow work by magic, particularly when they operate automatically and their mechanisms are invisible. A technology called RFID (Radio Frequency Identification), which is relatively new, has exactly this characteristic. Librarians everywhere are closely watching RFID technology. Advances over using bar codes on library materials, RFID tags are being touted as a way to radically redesign how library materials are handled. But it is expensive. The tags are vulnerable to wear and tear and the technology is not fully developed. It's unclear w

  11. 圖書館規劃 Library Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiow-jyu Lu

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available 無In order to cope with the current trends of social change, technological innovation, and knowledge economy, the management style of library has been changed, also the library administrators have tried to apply the modern management knowledge and skills to library management. This paper is to study the application of modern management concept and techniques such as comprehensive planning, strategic planning and planning process, to the general, public, university, special, and school libraries ever since 1970. This paper concludes that modern management concept and techniques are increasingly applied to library management in the past three decades. Especially the intention of applying strategic planning to library management has drawn much attention of the library specialists since 1990. To sum up, the purpose is to promote the effective management of the library and to achieve the ultimate goal of providing best services to library users.

  12. Applications of Total Quality Management in Medical Libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Amane Dadashi Mehrabani; Leila Mirzapour; Mina Mohammadi

    2015-01-01

    Library is a growing organism. Consistent with social development, the growth of the nations and the impact of technology change, library management and services change as well. This feature of the libraries requires continues renewal in the ways that libraries administrate and manage their performance and services. They need to employ appropriate methods to link the information and knowledge sources with tools and channels that users prefer to use. Total quality management as one of the mod...

  13. Digital libraries philosophies, technical design considerations, and example scenarios

    CERN Document Server

    Stern, David

    1999-01-01

    An unparalleled overview of current design considerations for your digital library! Digital Libraries: Philosophies, Technical Design Considerations, and Example Scenarios is a balanced overview of public services, collection development, administration, and systems support, for digital libraries, with advice on adopting the latest technologies that appear on the scene. As a professional in the library and information science field, you will benefit from this special issue that serves as an overview of selected directions, trends, possibilities, limitations, enhancements, design principals, an

  14. 物联网技术在图书馆中的应用研究%Review on the Research of the Application of IOT(Internet of Things) Technology in the Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐丽平

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of things technology takes the third tide of information industry and has created a brand-new platform for the exchange between human and thing. It's one of the library's development trends to provide smart managements and servic-es based on internet of things. The history of the internet of things technology is discussed, and the key technologies are intro-duced. The utilization and prospects of the internet of things technology in the future is also analyzed.%物联网技术作为信息产业的第三代浪潮,其发展与应用为人与物、物与物之间的信息交换创造了一个全新的平台.基于物联网的智能管理和服务是图书馆的发展趋势之一.分析了物联网技术的发展历程,对物联网关键技术进行了阐述,研究了物联网技术在图书馆的应用,并对其发展前景进行了分析探讨.

  15. 借力3G技术构建高校移动图书馆在线服务体系%The Construction of Online Service System for the University Mobile Library with the Aid of 3G Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢一帆

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of 3G technology and the exploitation&application of smart phones' multimedia function, the communicati carriers of mobile multimedia information such as mobile phone newspapers, magazines, radio, mobile television, together with the aid of 3C technolo have contributed to the full swing of the fifth media in its development, making handset netizens cheerfully enjoy the fast food culture. As the fundamem base of a teaching, scientific research and talents training, university libraries are supposed to conform to the era of newly high science and technology, the means of 3G technology, to actively construct the online service system for mobile libraries, thus making it involved in the college students' second clas%随着3G技术的飞速发展和智能手机多媒体功能的开发与应用,手机报纸、手机杂志、手机电台、手机电视等移动多媒体信息传播载体借力3G技术催生第五媒体蓬勃发展,使手机网民尽事快餐文化带来的精神愉悦.作为教学、科研和人才培养的重要基地,高校图书馆要顺应高新科技的时代浪潮,抢抓契机借力3G技术积极构建移动图书馆在线服务体系,使之成为大学生的第二课堂.

  16. The network reshapes the library Lorcan Dempsey on libraries, services and networks

    CERN Document Server

    Dempsey, Lorcan

    2014-01-01

    Since he began posting in 2003, Dempsey has used his blog to explore nearly every important facet of library technology, from the emergence of Web 2.0 as a concept to open source ILS tools and the push to web-scale library management systems.

  17. Realizing the Hybrid Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinfield, Stephen; Eaton, Jonathan; Edwards, Catherine; Russell, Rosemary; Wissenburg, Astrid; Wynne, Peter

    1998-01-01

    Outlines five projects currently funded by the United Kingdom's Electronic Libraries Program (eLib): HyLiFe (Hybrid Library of the Future), MALIBU (MAnaging the hybrid Library for the Benefit of Users), HeadLine (Hybrid Electronic Access and Delivery in the Library Networked Environment), ATHENS (authentication scheme), and BUILDER (Birmingham…

  18. Special Library Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ensley, Robert F., Ed.

    1975-01-01

    The September 1975 issue of Illinois Libraries focuses on the needs of the developmentally disabled, physically handicapped, and emotionally disturbed. Articles on library services to the blind and physically handicapped cover standards, services of local public libraries, Library of Congress programs, braille books and sound recordings,…

  19. The library marketing toolkit

    CERN Document Server

    Potter, Ned

    2012-01-01

    A guide that offers coverage of various elements of library marketing and branding for different sectors including archives and academic, public and special libraries. It is suitable for those who are involved in promoting their library or information service, whether at an academic, public or special library or in archives or records management.

  20. Libraries and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainie, Lee

    2016-01-01

    The majority of Americans think local libraries serve the educational needs of their communities and families pretty well and library users often outpace others in learning activities. But many do not know about key education services libraries provide. This report provides statistics on library usage and presents key education services provided…

  1. Growing Competition for Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbons, Susan

    2001-01-01

    Describes the Questia subscription-based online academic digital books library. Highlights include weaknesses of the collection; what college students want from a library; importance of marketing; competition for traditional academic libraries that may help improve library services; and the ability of Questia to overcome barriers and…

  2. The "Integrated Library System."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowlin, Kenneth E.

    1985-01-01

    Reviews internal and external dimensions of library environment that must be taken into account by library managers when choosing an integrated library system. The selection, acquisition, and implementation stages of Maggie III--a computerized library system sensitive to the internal and external organizational environment--are described. (MBR)

  3. Teleporting the library?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, six Danish public libraries established a virtual library, Info Island DK, in Second Life. This article discusses the library project in terms of design. The design processes include the planning and implementation of the virtual library structure and its equipment, as well as the organi...

  4. 国家工程技术数字图书馆服务体系建设%Construction of Information Service System of National Engineering and Technology Digital Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华

    2013-01-01

    信息服务是数字图书馆建设的目标和核心内容。作为国内最大的工程技术领域专业图书馆,国家工程技术图书馆以丰富的自身资源及国家科技文献保障体系为依托,以数字化网络化的资源加工揭示、集成整合、发布服务平台为支撑,重点针对国家科技计划和基金项目,为科技创新主体(企业、高等院校、科研院所和科研人员)提供全方位的信息服务。文章从国家工程技术数字图书馆的信息服务内容、信息服务平台以及信息服务的宣传推广体系等几个方面对国家工程技术数字图书馆的信息服务体系进行了全面的梳理,为相关机构及其用户利用资源提供借鉴。%Information service is the target and core of the digital library. As the largest special library in the field of engineering and technology in China, based on its own rich resources and national scientific literature support system and supported by digitalized and networked platform for resource processing, revealing, integration, distribution and service, National Engineering and Technology Library (NETL) provides a ful range of information services to al innovation subjects (including enterprises, universities and research institutes) with the focus on national scientific and technological projects and funding projects. In this paper, the information service system of NETL was thoroughly elaborated in terms of information service content, information service platform and promotion system, so as to facilitate deep understanding of NETL and its services for relevant institutions and users.

  5. 大数据时代的图书馆数据挖掘技术探讨%Discussion on Library Data Mining Technology in the Era of Big Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓亮

    2015-01-01

    s:The key of big data is data analysis and data application. Improving data processing and analysis ability based on data mining in libraries becomes the ongoing trends in knowledge services. Firstly,the paper explores the features of big data service applications. Then,the challenges of data mining in big data and the corresponding countermeasures are proposed.At last,the key technologies of data mining and the practice approaches of knowledge service in the library are discussed.%大数据的关键在于数据的分析与应用,提高图书馆基于数据挖掘的处理分析能力是开展知识服务的必然要求。文章首先阐述了图书馆的大数据服务应用特征,接着提出大数据阶段图书馆数据挖掘面临的挑战,并给出相应对策,最后探讨了数据挖掘中值得关注的重点技术以及图书馆开展知识服务应用的一些做法。

  6. Construction of library self-service borrowing and returning book system based on RFID technology%基于RFID技术的图书馆自助借还书系统建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永新; 靳玲

    2015-01-01

    按照“全军一个馆”总目标和提升图书管理借阅服务水平要求,提出了一种新的图书盘点方法;采用基于RFID技术的硬件设备和软件系统,构建了图书馆自助借还书系统。该系统有效解决了图书盘点效率和保密要求之间的矛盾,建成后的系统稳定性好、使用方便,大大提升了图书流通效率和图书管理水平。%According to the general objective for‘one library in the army wide’and the demand of enhancing the book management and service level of borrowing, this article proposes a new method for making an inventory of books, which employs the hardware equipment and software system based on RFID technology to construct a system of library self-service borrowing and returning book. This system can overcome effectively the contradiction between the book inventory efficiency and security demand, and the constructed system is of good system stability and easy to use, thus greatly boost the efficiency of book circulation and level of book ma na ge me nt.

  7. 基于GPRS技术的图书馆手机短信服务平台的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Library Service Platform of Mobile Phone Short Message Based on GPRS Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐胜男; 许谨; 刘玉英

    2011-01-01

    本文提出了一种基于GPRS技术的图书馆手机短信服务平台的设计与实现方案,详细讨论了系统的功能、系统设计和关键技术实现的过程。该系统具有双向通讯功能,及时主动地为读者提供个性化推送服务,可以满足图书馆开展短信服务的要求,有效提高图书资源利用率。%This paper puts forward a scheme of library mobile phone short message service plattorm design and implementation based on GPRS technology. The detailed analysis of the functions of the system, system design and key technique of process are discussed. The system has the advantages of two--way communication functions, provides personalized recommendation for readers timely, meets the requirements of the library in carrying out the short message service and improves the book re sources utilization effectively.

  8. 高校图书馆特色馆藏文献收集过程质量控制模型与实践--以中国矿业大学图书馆为例%Quality Control Model and Practice of Literature Collection Process of University Library Collection--- Taking the Library of China University of Mining and Technology as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春侠; 李丕仕; 尹良伟; 王静

    2016-01-01

    当前高校图书馆特色文献资源建设的总体发展不平衡,主要原因在于缺乏文献收集过程中的质量控制机制。本文提出了高校图书馆特色馆藏文献收集过程质量评价维度,即文献的权威性、文献的独特性、文献的规范性、文献的合理性和文献的可持续性。对特色馆藏文献收集过程的质量控制进行研究,介绍了中国矿业大学图书馆特色文献收集过程质量控制模型的建立与实践,以期为高校图书馆特色馆藏文献收集过程中的质量管理提供理论参考和实践指导,促进特色馆藏建设工作,并使馆藏特色文献得到更好地保存和传播。%The overall development of the characteristic literature resources construction of university library is not bal -anced ,the main reason is the lack of quality control mechanism in the process of literature collection .This paper put forward the evaluation dimension of the process quality of university library collection ,that is , the authority of the literature , the uniqueness of the literature ,the standardization of the literature , the rationality of the literature and the sustainability of the literature .The characteristic collection literature collection process quality control research ,introduced the characteristics of documents in the li-brary of China University of Mining and Technology collected process quality control model of the establishment and practice of ,in order for the university library characteristic collection literature collection in the process of quality management and provided a the -oretical reference and practical guidance ,to promote the construction of the characteristic collection of work and embassy charac -teristics of literature get better preservation and dissemination .

  9. Research infrastructure in Slovenia and the role of academic libraries

    OpenAIRE

    Miro Pušnik; Doris Smrekar Dekleva; Tomaž Bartol

    2015-01-01

    In Slovenia, the scientific research infrastructure is implemented through a variety of information systems, and through other many times integrated systems. Due to the development of information and communication technologies, academic libraries are able to create, develop and maintain new library and information services by using the research infrastructure, which has not been used before. Some of these infrastructure systems in which the Central Technological Library at the University of L...

  10. Library 2.0 Theory: Web 2.0 and Its Implications for Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack M. Maness

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article posits a definition and theory for "Library 2.0". It suggests that recent thinking describing the changing Web as "Web 2.0" will have substantial implications for libraries, and recognizes that while these implications keep very close to the history and mission of libraries, they still necessitate a new paradigm for librarianship. The paper applies the theory and definition to the practice of librarianship, specifically addressing how Web 2.0 technologies such as synchronous messaging and streaming media, blogs, wikis, social networks, tagging, RSS feeds, and mashups might intimate changes in how libraries provide access to their collections and user support for that access.

  11. America's Star Libraries, 2010: Top-Rated Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Ray; Lance, Keith Curry

    2010-01-01

    The "LJ" Index of Public Library Service 2010, "Library Journal"'s national rating of public libraries, identifies 258 "star" libraries. Created by Ray Lyons and Keith Curry Lance, and based on 2008 data from the IMLS, it rates 7,407 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three stars. All included libraries, stars or…

  12. America's Star Libraries, 2010: Top-Rated Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Ray; Lance, Keith Curry

    2010-01-01

    The "LJ" Index of Public Library Service 2010, "Library Journal"'s national rating of public libraries, identifies 258 "star" libraries. Created by Ray Lyons and Keith Curry Lance, and based on 2008 data from the IMLS, it rates 7,407 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three stars. All included libraries, stars or…

  13. 物联网技术对图书馆发展的影响%Library development influence by internet of things technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燮慧

    2013-01-01

    This paper makes an analysis & discussion over the influence of Internet of things over the development of library, summarizing the trend and characteristics of the development of library information service in the information age, and deeply researching the revolutionary change to the development of library that brought about by the introduction of Internet of things. The paper summarizes the development opportunity in the following scope:perception of information under the circumstance of Internet of things, information exchange capability and role transformation ability in information service etc.;Meanwhile, it also lists some problems in the application of Internet of things, which mainly including the perception of sensor node, cost control of sensors and Internet of things, sensor node power control and the stability of the entire Internet of things.%针对物联网技术对图书馆的发展产生的影响进行了分析和探讨,总结了在信息时代图书馆中信息服务发展的趋势和特点,深入研究了引入物联网技术之后,对图书馆的应用发展所带来的革命性的变化,总结了物联网技术环境下对信息的感知能力、信息的交换能力以及信息服务过程中角色转换等方面所带来的发展机遇,与此同时,也提出物联网技术在图书馆领域应用过程中所面临的一些问题,主要包括传感器节点的感知能力、传感器与物联网的成本控制、传感器节点的功耗控制,以及整个物联网的稳定性等问题。

  14. Virtual Reference Service in Academic Libraries in West Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekyere, Kwabena

    2011-01-01

    As technology continues to advance, libraries in Europe and America continue to improve upon their virtual reference services by employing new Web technologies and applying them to existing services. West African academic libraries have begun providing resources electronically to their users but still typically lag behind in the services they…

  15. Marketing Activities and Usage in Historically Black College and University Libraries 2000-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Janet

    2012-01-01

    The academic library has experienced overall growth and decline based on demographics, technology, and convenience, yet several problems face academic libraries today including: (a) perceived relevance, (b) market share, and (c) competition. The purpose of this study was to explore marketing activities and library usage in HBCU libraries. The…

  16. Design and Usability of Digital Libraries: Case Studies in the Asia Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theng, Yin-Leng, Ed.; Foo, Schubert, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book showcases some of the best digital library practices from organizations in the Asia Pacific. Particular emphasis has been placed on the design, use and usability of digital libraries. Not only are digital libraries examined, but related technologies, the management of knowledge in digital libraries, and the associated usability and…

  17. Tagging for Subject Access: A Glimpse into Current Practice by Vendors, Libraries, and Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Sharon Q.

    2012-01-01

    The study looked into the 307 Koha libraries listed in Breeding's Library Technology Guides. Since all the tag clouds in Koha are user-contributed, their adoption and usage can shed light on the extent to which libraries are supporting user tagging. The research also revealed that public library users are more actively involved in tagging than…

  18. Design and Usability of Digital Libraries: Case Studies in the Asia Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theng, Yin-Leng, Ed.; Foo, Schubert, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book showcases some of the best digital library practices from organizations in the Asia Pacific. Particular emphasis has been placed on the design, use and usability of digital libraries. Not only are digital libraries examined, but related technologies, the management of knowledge in digital libraries, and the associated usability and…

  19. Tagging for Subject Access: A Glimpse into Current Practice by Vendors, Libraries, and Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Sharon Q.

    2012-01-01

    The study looked into the 307 Koha libraries listed in Breeding's Library Technology Guides. Since all the tag clouds in Koha are user-contributed, their adoption and usage can shed light on the extent to which libraries are supporting user tagging. The research also revealed that public library users are more actively involved in tagging than…

  20. Marketing Activities and Usage in Historically Black College and University Libraries 2000-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Janet

    2012-01-01

    The academic library has experienced overall growth and decline based on demographics, technology, and convenience, yet several problems face academic libraries today including: (a) perceived relevance, (b) market share, and (c) competition. The purpose of this study was to explore marketing activities and library usage in HBCU libraries. The…

  1. Forward with Imagination: Innovative Library Client Services for the 21st Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bundy, Alan

    This paper considers innovation in academic libraries. The first part explores the definition and nature of innovation and the literature relevant to academic libraries in particular. In the second part, the outcomes of a search of library World Wide Web sites and a survey of International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL)…

  2. QR码技术在图书馆中的应用——以OPAC为例%Applications of QR Codes Technology in Libraries - A Case Analysis of OPAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹

    2012-01-01

    随着智能手机的广泛使用,QR码技术在图书馆有了更广的应用空间.虽然是一种简单易行的技术,它的采用却能很好地拓展图书馆服务.文章对QR码技术基本概念、特点及其在图书馆中的应用方式进行了简要的介绍,并给出了一个在OPAC中嵌入QR码的实例.%With die rapid development of smartphones, QR codes, a simple but powerful technology, are more widely used in libraries. We give a brief introduction about its fundamentals, features and applications as well as an implementation in OPAC.

  3. On the Construction Technology Teaching Resource Library System Construction%建筑工程技术专业教学资源库的体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡兴福; 孟小鸣

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: Construction technology teaching resource library makes up the lifelong learning system of pre-and-after postal education, professional education, skill training, learning guidance and technical updates, through the curriculum, instructional design, instructional implementation, resource development for top-level system design.%建筑工程技术专业教学资源库是为了满足现代高职教育、企业培训、在职人员继续教育、行业新技术推广应用需要而建设的教学资源共享网络平台。为全国高职院校、企业和社会学习者提供资源检索、信息查询、教学指导、就业支持、人员培训等服务。

  4. Study of technical feasibility and the payback period of the invested capital for the installation of a grid-connected photovoltaic system at the library of the Technological Federal University of Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Marin Campos, Ana Katherine Rodríguez Manrique, Bruno Victor Kobiski, Eloy Fassi Casagrande Júnior, Jair Urbanetz Junior

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the technical feasibility, and the payback period of the capital invested to install a Grid-connected Photovoltaic (PV system on the rooftop of the library of the Technological Federal University of Parana (UTFPR, Curitiba campus. The rooftop has 897 square meters, and the photovoltaic modules will be used to supply electricity to four consumption scenarios. It is hoped that with the normative resolution 482 of the National Agency of Electric Energy (ANEEL, published in April 2012, the payback period on the initial investment of the PV system is shorter than when there was no such resolution. It is known that, although the resolution represents a breakthrough for inserting the Grid-connected Photovoltaic power generation, it is still not enough to expand this technology. The high tax of the PV equipment and the absence of incentives for this form of generation still prevent large-scale use. In addition, this article also shows the PV systems installed in Florianópolis (LABSOLAR / UFSC and Curitiba, such as the Green Office (GO, which is situated at the Technological Federal University of Parana.

  5. Toy Library and International Toy Library Association

    OpenAIRE

    Kamaraj, Işık

    2013-01-01

    Toy libraries are resource centers that provides assistance to young children and theirfamilies, gives consultancy service and information about plays, offers play materials andeducational activities and supplies appropriate materials and toys for child development aswell as contributing the development of children. Toy libraries are in commission all over theworld since 1935. The first toy library is opened in America, then in Sweden, England,Canada and Australia respectively. Today, there a...

  6. Phage display peptide library technology's application in the diagnosis and therapy of tumor%噬菌体展示肽库技术在肿瘤诊治研究中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄斌; 俞杨; 王自正

    2011-01-01

    噬菌体展示肽库技术是将高度多样性的多肽与噬菌体衣壳蛋白融合表达,呈现于噬菌体表面的多肽具有相对独立的空间结构,能与配体结合,从而筛选特异性分子表位,其已成为肿瘤诊治研究的重要手段和有力工具.筛选与肿瘤细胞或血管表面细胞特异结合的多肽作为核素载体,制成探针,可以对肿瘤进行早期诊断和转移灶的定位,还可以进行核素治疗;以多肽为基础的靶向药物,可以弥补化学药物在杀伤肿瘤细胞的同时也损伤正常组织和器官的弊端,使得肿瘤治疗进入一个新时代.%Phage display peptide library technology facilitates displaying peptides of high diversity on the surface of phage coat proteins,which with their independent space structure bind with ligands to screen the specific molecule epitopes.With the development of this technology,it becomes an effective and powerful tool in tumor research.As nuclide carrier,peptides screened from phage display library binding specifically with tumor cells and tumor blood vessels,can be manufactured into a probe for prophase diagnosis of tumor,localization of metastasis and nuclide therapy.Targeting chemotherapy drugs on the basis of peptides greatly lower the risk of killing normal tissue and organs,which impulses entering a new therapy time.

  7. E-Services in Danish Research Libraries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    research libraries in Denmark. The main results can be summarized as follows: 1) Adoption of e-services has forced RUB to innovate rapidly. Innovation is driven, among other factors, by ICT developments (technology push), but innovation is also user-driven and pervasive throughout the organization.  2) E......This chapter reports the findings of a case study of e-services adoption at research libraries. The case under consideration is Roskilde University Library (RUB), a research library supporting learning activities at Roskilde University. The research focuses on the main issues that RUB had to deal...... with in the process of adopting e-services and the future challenges that e-services provide for RUB. The chapter also presents the consequences of e-services adoption for Roskilde University library's organization, its business model and the relationships with customers, publishers (providers of knowledge) and other...

  8. Eye tracking in Library and Information Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Haakon

    2016-01-01

    . Subsequently, a growing interest in employing eye tracking as a methodology within library and information science research must be anticipated. Design/methodology/approach The review follows the guidelines set in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses recommendations. Two......, the number of test persons and reports on the eye-tracking measures. Furthermore, this study will report which other methods were applied in combination with eye tracking. Findings The number of published research utilizing eye-tracking technologies within library and information science (LIS) is still......Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic literature review of the application of eye-tracking technology within the field of library and information science. Eye-tracking technology has now reached a level of maturity, which makes the use of the technology more accessible...

  9. Making the most of RFID in libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Palmer, Martin

    2009-01-01

    The advantage of radio frequency identification (RFID) over other technologies used in libraries is usually seen to be its ability to combine the functions of the barcode and the security tag, but with the added advantage of not needing line of sight. This book considers the benefits of installing RFID technology; and work with vendors.

  10. The Future of School Library Media Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craver, Kathleen W.

    1984-01-01

    Examines impact of technology on school library media program development and role of school librarian. Technological trends (computerized record keeping, computer-assisted instruction, networking, home computers, videodiscs), employment and economic trends, education of school librarians, social and behavioral trends, and organizational and…

  11. Library Automation Design for Visually Impaired People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurtay, Nilufer; Bicil, Yucel; Celebi, Sait; Cit, Guluzar; Dural, Deniz

    2011-01-01

    Speech synthesis is a technology used in many different areas in computer science. This technology can bring a solution to reading activity of visually impaired people due to its text to speech conversion. Based on this problem, in this study, a system is designed needed for a visually impaired person to make use of all the library facilities in…

  12. Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Online-Offline, 1998

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on technology, on advances in such areas as aeronautics, electronics, physics, the space sciences, as well as computers and the attendant progress in medicine, robotics, and artificial intelligence. Describes educational resources for elementary and middle school students, including Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videotapes, books,…

  13. National Software Reference Library (NSRL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Software Reference Library (NSRL) (PC database for purchase)   A collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Defense Computer Forensics Laboratory (DCFL),the U.S. Customs Service, software vendors, and state and local law enforement organizations, the NSRL is a tool to assist in fighting crime involving computers.

  14. Creating a Mobile Library Website

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutshall, Tom C.; Blake, Lindsay; Bandy, Sandra L.

    2011-01-01

    The overwhelming results were iPhones and Android devices. Since the library wasn't equipped technologically to develop an in-house application platform and because we wanted the content to work across all mobile platforms, we decided to focus on creating a mobile web-based platform. From the NLM page of mobile sites we chose the basic PubMed/…

  15. CDTF-Library’s Expansion to an E-Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔文; 玄忠波

    2012-01-01

      CDTF-Library is a library in Chinese-German Technical Faculty of Qingdao University of Science and Technology in Qingd-ao. The library was established in the spring of 2004.The CDTF-Library is very smal in scale. For our limited budget, the best solution to solve the problems is to expand the library to an e-library on the Internet. So I decided to col ect German resources from internet at first, and set up a website for the readers as the subject for the practical customer service project design. At the same time I set up a chat room as an ad-vertisement for the e-library. In the chat room played back audio and video materials what the e-library have.

  16. Libraries and Accessibility: Istanbul Public Libraries Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Yücel

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the study; the assessment of accessibility has been conducted in Istanbul public libraries within the scope of public area. Public libraries commonly serve with its user of more than 20 million in total, spread to the general of Turkey, having more than one thousand branches in the centrums and having more than one million registered members. The building principles and standards covering the subjects such as the selection of place, historical and architectural specification of the region, distance to the centre of population and design in a way that the disabled people could benefit from the library services fully have been determined with regulations in the construction of new libraries. There are works for the existent libraries such as access for the disabled, fire safety precautions etc. within the scope of the related standards. Easy access by everyone is prioritized in the public libraries having a significant role in life-long learning. The purpose of the study is to develop solution suggestions for the accessibility problems in the public libraries. The study based on the eye inspection and assessments carried out within the scope of accessibility in the public libraries subsidiary to Istanbul Culture and Tourism Provincial Directorate Library and Publications Department within the provincial borders of Istanbul. The arrangements such as reading halls, study areas, book shelves etc. have been examined within the frame of accessible building standards. Building entrances, ramps and staircases, horizontal and vertical circulation of building etc. have been taken into consideration within the scope of accessible building standards. The subjects such as the reading and studying areas and book shelf arrangements for the library have been assessed within the scope of specific buildings. There are a total of 34 public libraries subsidiary to Istanbul Culture and Tourism Provincial Directorate on condition that 20 ea. of them are in the

  17. Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Real

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Rural public libraries have been relatively understudied when compared to public libraries as a whole. Data are available to show that rural libraries lag behind their urban and suburban counterparts in technology service offerings, but the full meaning and impact of such disparities is unclear. The authors combine data from the Public Library Technology and Access Study with data from smaller studies to provide greater insight to these issues. By filtering these data through the Digital Inclusion framework, it becomes clear that disparities between rural and non-rural libraries are not merely a problem of weaker technological infrastructure. Instead, rural libraries cannot reach their full customer service potential because of lower staffing (but not lower staff dedication and funding mechanisms that rely primarily on local monies. The authors suggest possible solutions to these disparities, while also discussing the barriers that must be overcome before such solutions can be implemented.

  18. Identity of a brand new library

    KAUST Repository

    Vijayakumar, J.K.

    2017-03-16

    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Library in Saudi Arabia aspires to be one of the great new-generation libraries in the field of scientific research. Its services and systems support a digitally born collection, 97% of their collection is electronic. The spectacular library facility with lots of space for collaboration and its collections remains open twenty-four hours, every day of the year and is facilitated by a staff coming from 12 different nationalities. It has an Open Access mandate, the first in the Middle East region, and runs a successful digital research repository.

  19. Experimental OAI-Based Digital Library Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Michael L. (Editor); Maly, Kurt (Editor); Zubair, Mohammad (Editor); Rusch-Feja, Diann (Editor)

    2002-01-01

    The objective of Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is to develop a simple, lightweight framework to facilitate the discovery of content in distributed archives (http://www.openarchives.org). The focus of the workshop held at the 5th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2001) was to bring researchers in the area of digital libraries who are building OAI based systems so as to share their experiences, problems they are facing, and approaches they are taking to address them. The workshop consisted of invited talks from well-established researchers working in building OAI based digital library system along with short paper presentations.

  20. Public access computing in health science libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kehm, S

    1987-01-01

    Public access computing in health science libraries began with online computer-assisted instruction. Library-based collections and services have expanded with advances in microcomputing hardware and software. This growth presents problems: copyright, quality, instability in the publishing industry, and uncertainty about collection scope; librarians managing the new services require new skills to support their collections. Many find the cooperative efforts of several organizational units are required. Current trends in technology for the purpose of information management indicate that these services will continue to be a significant focus for libraries.