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Sample records for technologist turf management

  1. Skill Standards for Agriculture: John Deere Agricultural Equipment Technician, Agricultural & Diesel Equipment Mechanic, Irrigation Technologist, Turf Management Technician, Turf Equipment Service Technician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia.

    This document presents agriculture skill standards for programs to prepare Washington students for employment in the following occupations: John Deere agricultural equipment technician; agricultural and diesel equipment mechanic; irrigation technologist; turf management technician; and turf equipment service technician. The introduction explains…

  2. A watershed scale assessment of the impacts of suburban turf management on runoff water quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachman, M.; Inamdar, S. P.; Barton, S.; Duke, J.; Tallamy, D.; Bruck, J.

    2014-12-01

    Steadily increasing rates of urbanization have raised concerns about the negative impacts of urban runoff on receiving surface water quality. These concerns have been further amplified by landscaping paradigms that encourage high-input, intensively-managed and mono-culture turf and lawn landscapes. We conducted a watershed-scale assessment of turf management practices on water quality vis-à-vis less-intensive management practices that preserve and enhance more diverse and native vegetation. The study treatments with existing/established vegetation and landscaping practices included turf, urban, forest, meadow, and a mixed site with a professional golf course. Stream water sampling was performed during baseflow and storm events. Highest nutrient (nitrate and total nitrogen) concentrations in runoff were observed for the mixed watershed draining the golf course. In contrast, nutrient concentrations in baseflow from the turf watershed were lower than expected and were comparable to those measured in the surrounding meadow and forest sites. Runoff losses from the turf site may have been minimal due to the optimal quality of management implemented. Total nitrogen concentrations from the turf site increased sharply during the first storms following fertilization, suggesting that despite optimal management there exists a risk for nutrient runoff following fertilization. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations from the turf site were elevated and aromatic in content while the mixed watershed site yielded more labile DOM. Overall, this study suggests that turf lawns, when managed properly, pose minimal environmental risk to surrounding surface waters. Based on the results of this study, providing homeowners with increased information regarding best management practices for lawn maintenance may serve as a cost-efficient method for reducing suburban runoff pollution.

  3. Turf Toe

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... players, participants in soccer, basketball, wrestling, gymnastics and dance also are at risk. Causes The name “turf toe” comes from the fact that this injury is especially common among athletes who play on artificial turf. When playing sports on artificial turf, the foot can stick to ...

  4. Evaluation of individual and combined management practices to reduce the off-site transport of pesticides from golf course turf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Pamela J; Horgan, Brian P; Hamlin, Jennifer L

    2017-04-01

    The detection of pesticides, associated with turfgrass management, in storm runoff and surface waters of urban watersheds has raised concerns regarding their source, potential environmental effects and a need for strategies to reduce their inputs. In previous research we discovered that hollow tine core cultivation (HTCC) was more effective than other management practices for reducing the off-site transport of pesticides with runoff from creeping bentgrass turf managed as a golf course fairway. This was primarily the result of enhanced infiltration and reduced runoff volumes associated with turf managed with hollow tines. In this study we evaluated the addition of verticutting (VC) to HTCC (HTCC+VC) in an attempt to further enhance infiltration and mitigate the off-site transport of pesticides with runoff from managed turf. Overall, greater or equal quantities of pesticides were transported with runoff from plots managed with HTCC+VC compared to HTCC or VC alone. For the pesticides evaluated HTCCtransport of the high mobility pesticides while HTCC=VC=HTCC+VC for the low mobility pesticides. It is likely the addition of VC following HTCC further increased compaction and reduced availability of recently exposed soil sorptive sites produced from the HTCC. Results of this research provides guidance to golf course managers on selection of management practices that assure quality turf while minimizing off-site transport of pesticides, improving pesticide efficacy and the environmental stewardship of managed biological systems.

  5. Guidance of technical management of dialysis water and dialysis fluid for the Japan Association for Clinical Engineering Technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawasaki, Tadayuki; Uchino, Junji; Shinoda, Toshio; Kawanishi, Hideki

    2009-01-01

    There has been remarkable medical and technological progress in Japanese dialysis therapy where more than 270 thousand patients had been treated with dialysis by the end of 2007. Clinical engineering technologists have played an important role not only in the safety treatment but also in the technological development of dialysis therapy. It is very important to supply pure dialysis fluid for both the efficacy and the safety of hemodialysis in which high permeable dialysis membranes are used. The Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy recently issued the standard for bacterial management of fluids for hemodialysis and related therapies according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/DIS 23500. In order to achieve the standard, the management of dialysis water treatment is important as well as the role of clinical engineering technologists in daily dialysis practice. Purification is defined as no contamination by chemical substances and/or microorganisms and its components. The purification consists of the design and the system structure of the water treatment equipment and dialysis fluid-supplying equipment, and the operation and management of the equipment. The guideline aims to show the minimum standard and the management method of the water treatment system and dialysis fluid-supplying equipment in order to perform hemodialysis safely. They should outline safer dialysis by the management of purification of dialysis fluid.

  6. Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Z INDEX | OOH SITE MAP | EN ESPAÑOL Healthcare > Veterinary Technologists and Technicians PRINTER-FRIENDLY EN ESPAÑOL Summary ... of workers and occupations. What They Do -> What Veterinary Technologists and Technicians Do About this section Veterinary ...

  7. Surgical Technologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Contact & Help Economic Releases Latest Releases » Major Economic Indicators » Schedules for news Releases » By Month By News ... vocational schools, as well as some universities and hospitals, have accredited programs in ... Stress-management skills. Working in an operating room can be ...

  8. Key Technology of Turf Grass Maintenance Management in North Area%北方地区草坪草养护管理关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓宏

    2014-01-01

    该文从草坪养护方面探讨了北方地区草坪建植后具体管理措施,重点从草坪生长季各时期修剪、浇水、施肥、除杂及病虫草害防治等关键问题和成坪后管理技术要点进行讨论。%The techniques of turf grass management in north China were reviewed emphasized on the key points of mowing, watering, fertilizing, weeding and pest control in different stages. The maintaining techniques after turf establishment were also discussed.

  9. Characteristics of Instructional Technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagne, Robert M.

    A thoroughly planned program for instructional technologists--one including selection, education, and on-the-job training--must take into consideration the competencies and characteristics desirable in such technologists. Such requirements fall into three categories: attitudes or values, specialized knowledge, and intellectual skills or…

  10. 草坪建植管理智能决策系统的建构%Design and construction of intelligence decision system for turf establishment and management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凤萍; 柳小妮; 李毅; 王红霞; 潘冬荣

    2014-01-01

    从实际应用角度出发,设计了以知识库、数据库、模型库为基本内容,智能决策为主要功能的“草坪建植管理智能决策系统”。该系统可综合运用推理、解释等机制,帮助用户设计在不同气候区域建植不同用途草坪的方案,并解答建植养护管理等技术问题。同时,系统采用多样灵活的查询方式,将多年来草坪专家积累的知识、经验和技术,以文本、图片等集成信息展示于用户。系统信息量大,功能全面,操作简便,对草坪建植管理具有重要意义。%From the stand of application,the intelligent decision system for turf establishment and manage-ment was designed.The system included knowledge base,database and model database as the basic content,in-telligent decision as the main function.It could be used for users to design different turfs in different climate are-as,and solve technical problems such as cultivation and maintenance management.It adopts various flexible que-ry methods by merging expert knowledge,experience and technology including texts,images and integrated in-formation.And it is easy to operate and contains power functions.

  11. Anthracnose of centipedegrass turf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthracnose is a destructive fungal disease of centipedegrass (Eremochloae ophiuroides) turf that occurs throughout the southern United States and China. In this diagnostic guide, we provide an overview of the causal pathogen, Colletotrichum eremochloae, along with disease symptoms and signs, host ...

  12. Micromechanics of carbon nanotube turfs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torabi, Hamid

    Complex structures consisting of intertwined, nominally vertical carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are called turfs. Unique electrical, thermal, optical, and permeability properties of these turfs have attracted growing attention during the past decade, and have rendered them as appropriate candidates for applications such as contact thermal switches. These properties are controlled by the details of the turf microstructures. Due to the application of the turfs in different fields, they are subjected to different loading conditions. Deformation changes the microstructure of a CNT turf, which results in change of effective properties. Many researchers have recently studied the collective mechanical behavior of CNT turfs to compression loading, as this behavior determines their performance. However, their complex and intertwined structure must be investigated in more details to find the relation between their deformation and their underlying morphology. Under uniform compression experiments, CNT turfs exhibit irreversible collective buckling of a layer preceded by reorientation of CNT segments. Experimentally observed independence of the buckling stress and the buckling wavelength on the turf width suggests the existence of an intrinsic material length. To investigate the relationship the macroscopic material properties and the statistical parameters describing the nano-scale geometry of the turf (tortuosity, density and connectivity) we develop a nano-scale computational model, based on the representation of CNT segments as elastica finite elements with van der Waals interactions. The virtual turfs are generated by means of a constrained random walk algorithm and subsequent relaxation. The resulting computational model is robust and is capable of modeling the collective behavior of CNTs. We first establish the dependence of statistical parameters on the computational parameters used for turf generation, then establish relationships between post-buckling stress, initial

  13. Malaysian aviation technologist promotion to managerial role: an empirical overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liew, C. L.; Abu Talib, A. R.; Jacobs, R. L.

    2016-10-01

    The Malaysian aviation industry has continued to march forward. With a turnover of RM23.7 billion in 2013, it is expected to grow higher especially after the Malaysian national aerospace blueprint was launched in 2015. The aviation related organizations currently have a workforce of approximately 13500. These organizations need to be managed by competent managers who have a strong background of technologist. Aviation technologist is one of the key components in the aviation maintenance industry as they are the future managers charged with the responsibility to ensure continuation of the organization's objectives and culture. The technologist role and manager's role are somehow different. The promotion of technologist to managerial roles is quite common but whether the technologist is able to take up managerial role effectively is yet to be fully understood. It is quite common that there was insufficient training for the technologist before being promoted to take up management roles. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the role of technologists and managers in professional services industries such as MRO and to understand that there is a need within the industry to re-look into the perspective of a proper training to prepare them to take up management roles effectively.

  14. Taking back your turf: understanding the role of law in medical decision making in opioid management (Part II--putting legal/regulatory materials to work for you).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolen, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    In Part I of this series, I discussed the basic role of the law in the decision-making process for opioid management. I set out three basic rules: 1) read and learn applicable federal and state legal/regulatory materials on using controlled substances to treat pain, 2) stay current on accepted clinical standards of care, and 3) use a compliance program to minimize the potential for abuse and diversion of controlled substances. Here in Part II, I focus on the third rule and offer a few suggestions on developing and maintaining a compliance program. I also discuss using language from legal/regulatory materials in your practice forms in a manner that, once again, allows you to "take back your turf" and prescribe opioids without fear of legal/regulatory sanction (see Disclaimer). Take a minute to review the self-audit questions that follow and see where you stand on your knowledge and use of legal/regulatory matters in your daily practice. More "yes" answers indicate better knowledge of key compliance and documentation issues. More "no" and "I don't know" answers indicate that more work should be done to minimize potential legal/regulatory compliance problems in your practice.

  15. A global survey of “TURF-reserves”, Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries coupled with marine reserves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamie C. Afflerbach

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Overfishing and degradation of the marine environment continue to plague coastal communities worldwide, with multiple diverse solutions being proposed. Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries (TURFs is a fishery management approach that aligns fishers’ incentives with sustainability, while marine reserves have proven effective for ecosystem protection, and in some cases for fishery enhancement. These two management approaches are often used in isolation, leaving the potential utility of integrating them poorly understood. We examine cases where TURFs and marine reserves have been implemented together to create “TURF-reserves”. We compiled a database of 27 TURF-reserves and collected information on the governance, management, enforcement, fishing practices, fishing rights, regulations, and design attributes for each site. We address several research questions including: what species are managed with TURF-reserves, how are TURF-reserves created and who is involved in the process? Our findings show that the majority of surveyed TURF-reserves arose from previously established TURF systems that target a range of fisheries, and multiple entities play a role in TURF-reserve development and management. We also examine the differences between two TURF-reserve archetypes and find that those developed with a strong history of customary tenure share distinct qualities from those created in a more recently established, government-mandated system.

  16. The Practice Research of Nanshan Golf Course Turf Management%南山高尔夫球场草坪管理的实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘星光

    2016-01-01

    为研究高尔夫球场在草坪管理中出现的一系列问题,本文通过研究国内外球场草坪管理的发展史,采用实证分析法,以南山高尔夫球场为例,通过分析南山高尔夫球场的草坪管理及现状,发现南山高尔夫球场草坪管理存在的问题,并根据国内外对球场草坪管理实践和理论总结,及南山高尔夫球场自然环境和草坪管理的具体实际从草坪建植,草种的选择,草坪的使用和养护,球场草坪管理人员的合理管理这些方面作出了相应的解决对策。研究结果对南山高尔夫产业的发展具有指导意义,对全国高尔夫产业的发展指明了前进方向。%For the study of golf courses in the lawn management appear a series of problems, in this paper, the history of the pitch at home and abroad through research management, with the method of empirical analysis to Nanshan golf course as an example, through the analysis of the lawn of nanshan golf course management and the status quo, found the problems of nanshan golf course turf management, and according to the management of the pitch at home and abroad practice and theory summary, and nanshan golf course the reality from the natural environment and the management of the lawn grass planting, the choice of grass, grass, the use and maintenance the pitch reasonable management of these aspects of management personnel to make the corresponding countermeasures. The research results of nanshan has guiding signiifcance for the development of golf industry, pointed out the direction of the development of golf industry in the country.

  17. Turf varieties for the Intermountain West - today and tomorrow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landscape managers and sod growers in the Intermountain West are limited in their ability to select the varieties of turfgrass that perform well in this semi-arid environment. The varieties of seed sold in Utah are rarely based on what performs well here. Turf managers will often make one visit to...

  18. 养护管理措施对地震后退化草坪恢复的影响%Effect of management practices on restoration of degraded turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫晓丽; 周志琼; 包维楷

    2009-01-01

    The effect of 4 restoration treatments,including fertilization,watering,fertilization and watering,natural restoration,on degraded turf caused by setting tents was studied from June to July in 2008 through measuring the coverage,height and density of turfgrass and weed. Univariate analysis was used to detect differences of turf characteristics among 4 treatments, restoration time and their interaction. Results showed that:(1) the degraded degree of turf was accelerated along with time after putting up tents. The heavy-degraded turf need more time to restore than the slight-degraded. (2) Compared with other 3 treatments,fertilization and watering could increase the coverage of turfgrass and weed in the slight-degraded turf but decreased the coverage of litter. The characteristics of turf had no significant difference among treatments in heavy-degraded turf. (3) After restoration, the coverage of turfgrass in heavy-degraded turf increased from 1.80%±0.39% to 8.90%±2.51% and in slight-degraded turf increased from 7.78%±1.79% to 10.98%±2.75%. Plant composition was changed significantly. Dominant position of dominant turfgrass (Bromus inermis) was decreased, while the position of Kyllinga cororata and Centella asiatica were increased. The richness and number of weed increased from 5 to 19 after restoration. So the turf dominated by Bromus inermis was heavyly damaged. The management methods could not promote the restoration of degraded turf and it was better to reconstruct.%2008年6~7月对地震后搭建帐篷的不同退化程度草坪,采用4种恢复方式进行定位试验,开展草坪特征(草坪草绿色盖度、高度、密度、裸斑盖度、杂草盖度和高度等参数)和维管植物多样性调查.采用一般线性模型中的单变量多因素方差分析研究了处理方式,恢复时间以及二者的交互作用对草坪恢复的影响.研究结果表明:(1)随着搭建帐篷时间的延长,草坪的退化程度加剧.重度退化草坪较轻

  19. Evaluation of individual and combined management practices to reduce the off-site transport of pesticides from golf course turf

    Science.gov (United States)

    The detection of pesticides, associated with turfgrass management, in storm runoff and surface waters of urban watersheds has raised concerns regarding their source, potential environmental effects and a need for strategies to reduce their inputs. In previous research we discovered that hollow tine ...

  20. Establishment and Management of Football Field Turf in Changsha%长沙地区足球场草坪的建植与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湛迈城; 向佐湘; 黎人萍; 雨奇; 陈信

    2016-01-01

    The universal problems for the turf establishment of football field in Changsha were imperfect sprinkler irrigation and drainage systems,shallow root system and poor traffic tolerance,etc.The turf was established in the Shaping Construc-tion Group football field according to the USGA standards based on the climatic conditions in Hunan province.The results demonstrated that the constructed football field has a reasonable structure,a smooth drainage along with a whole coverage from the sprinkler irrigation system,which caused a high turf quality,deep root system and high traffic tolerance in the es-tablished turf grass in this field.The indexes of turf quality reach or exceed the quality standards recommended by the Chi-nese Football Association,which provide a technical reference for the turf establishment in the football field for the similar regions.%针对目前长沙地区足球场草坪建植中普遍存在的喷灌和排水系统不完善、种植土层含泥量大、草坪根系浅及耐践踏能力差等问题,按照美国 USGA 标准结合湖南气候条件建植了沙坪建筑集团足球场草坪。结果表明:场地结构合理,地下排水系统顺畅,喷灌系统100%覆盖,场地平整,通风透气性好,草坪根系发达,耐践踏性强,草坪叶片纤细光滑,草坪质量高。各项指标达到或超过中足协推荐足球场草坪质量标准,为同类地区足球场草坪建植提供了技术参考。

  1. 浅谈足球场草坪建植与管理技术%A Brief Discussion on Starting a Turf in Football Field and Its Management Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵会娟; 傅天序

    2015-01-01

    With the continuous development of China's sports undertakings and people's needs of fitness ,ath‐letic turf industry in China will welcome a new round of large-scale development .A high-quality ,modern athletic turf not only has a good view ,but also can make athletes show their highest competitive level .As a kind of athletic turfs ,football field's natural turf has its unique structural layer ,planting methods ,mainte‐nance and management methods .In addition ,because of geographical differences ,the different climate ,soil property and natural environment will lead to different planting and management way of the football field . Taking a football field in Tianjin as an example ,this article introduces the football field's planting and man‐agement technology in monsoon climate in the north area and the reflection on energy saving ,w hich provide references for other colleagues .%指出了随着我国体育运动事业的不断发展以及全民健身的需要,我国运动场草坪业势必会迎来新一轮的大发展。一个高质量、现代化的运动场草坪不仅具有很好的观赏性,还可以最大程度地发挥运动员的竞技水平。足球场天然草坪作为运动场草坪的一种其结构层、建植方式以及养护管理方法均有特殊性,并且由于地域不同,气候、土质、自然环境等不同,足球场建植及管理方式有所差异。以天津某足球场为例,介绍了华北地区温带季风气候区足球场的建植与管理技术,节能的思考,供同行参考。

  2. Turf Management of Teaching Golf Driving Range in College%高校教学型高尔夫练习场草坪春季养护措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费凌; 白东哲

    2013-01-01

    为健全教学型高尔夫练习场草坪养护管理措施,通过对吉林大学珠海学院校内的高尔夫练习场在施肥、修剪、灌溉、杂草控制和病虫害防治等方面进行试验研究。结果表明:针对高校教学型高尔夫练习场践踏强度高、景观性需求低以及安全性要求高的特点,在进行春季的草坪养护中应注意提高修剪高度、减少修剪频率、减少1/2施肥量,并尽量少用化学药剂。%In order to perfect the turf management measures in the teaching golf driving range ,the fertilization , mowing ,irrigation ,weeds and pest control of golf driving range in Zhuhai College were studied .The results showed that the characteristics of driving range were high strength ,low landscape demand and high security re-quirements ,and it should be improved the mowing height and reduced the mowing frequency ,decreased 1/2 fer-tilizer ,minimized the use of chemicals in turf spring maintenance .

  3. Technologists in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben

    2008-01-01

    in order to increase their market value, and 33 % to stimulate their intellectual curiosity. It is in other words both internal as well as external career considerations and not to forget – less prosaic elements like curiosity, which are the drivers for acquiring the degree. Technical employees...... and managers join MBA-programs for several different reasons, and not just for increasing their external market value. Looking at the outcome of the programme, 69 % of the graduates claim that they – as a consequence of the MBA - have received more job offers (often 3-5 offers). In a situation with a very...... tight labour market, the opportunities to change jobs have been very good for technical employees and managers, 41 % of the graduates have stayed at the same employer during the last 7 years the program has been running. This is, in comparison to other Danish data, a high degree of behavioral commitment...

  4. Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians ...

  5. A review of football injuries on third and fourth generation artificial turfs compared with natural turf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Sean; Hume, Patria A; Kara, Stephen

    2011-11-01

    Football codes (rugby union, soccer, American football) train and play matches on natural and artificial turfs. A review of injuries on different turfs was needed to inform practitioners and sporting bodies on turf-related injury mechanisms and risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this review was to compare the incidence, nature and mechanisms of injuries sustained on newer generation artificial turfs and natural turfs. Electronic databases were searched using the keywords 'artificial turf', 'natural turf', 'grass' and 'inj*'. Delimitation of 120 articles sourced to those addressing injuries in football codes and those using third and fourth generation artificial turfs or natural turfs resulted in 11 experimental papers. These 11 papers provided 20 cohorts that could be assessed using magnitude-based inferences for injury incidence rate ratio calculations pertaining to differences between surfaces. Analysis showed that 16 of the 20 cohorts showed trivial effects for overall incidence rate ratios between surfaces. There was increased risk of ankle injury playing on artificial turf in eight cohorts, with incidence rate ratios from 0.7 to 5.2. Evidence concerning risk of knee injuries on the two surfaces was inconsistent, with incidence rate ratios from 0.4 to 2.8. Two cohorts showed beneficial inferences over the 90% likelihood value for effects of artificial surface on muscle injuries for soccer players; however, there were also two harmful, four unclear and five trivial inferences across the three football codes. Inferences relating to injury severity were inconsistent, with the exception that artificial turf was very likely to have harmful effects for minor injuries in rugby union training and severe injuries in young female soccer players. No clear differences between surfaces were evident in relation to training versus match injuries. Potential mechanisms for differing injury patterns on artificial turf compared with natural turf include increased peak torque and

  6. Micromechanics of collective buckling in CNT turfs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torabi, Hamid; Radhakrishnan, Harish; Mesarovic, Sinisa Dj.

    2014-12-01

    Complex structures consisting of intertwined, nominally vertical carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are called turfs. Under uniform compression experiments, CNT turfs exhibit irreversible collective buckling of a layer preceded by reorientation of CNT segments. Experimentally observed independence of the buckling stress and the buckling wavelength on the turf width suggests the existence of an intrinsic material length. To investigate the relationship the macroscopic material properties and the statistical parameters describing the nano-scale geometry of the turf (tortuosity, density and connectivity) we develop a nano-scale computational model, based on the representation of CNT segments as elastica finite elements with van der Waals interactions. The virtual turfs are generated by means of a constrained random walk algorithm and subsequent relaxation. The resulting computational model is robust and is capable of modeling the collective behavior of CNTs. We first establish the dependence of statistical parameters on the computational parameters used for turf generation, then establish relationships between post-buckling stress, initial elastic modulus and buckling wavelength on statistical turf parameters. Finally, we analyze the reorientation of buckling planes of individual CNTs during the collective buckling process.

  7. Patient advocacy: the technologist's role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Elizabeth J

    2004-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the various ways in which imaging professionals can demonstrate patient advocacy on a day-to-day basis and throughout their careers. Advocacy encompasses a wide range of attitudes and activities, and implementing its principles can bring new enthusiasm to the workplace and increase job satisfaction. After completing this article, readers will: Describe the fundamental aspects of advocacy. Know how to handle conflict and explain why conflict is necessary. Understand the challenges to advocacy. Apply patient advocacy in the context of diagnostic imaging. Recognize the radiologic technologist's important role in ensuring patient safety. Identify how professional codes and standards, as well as federal and state laws, encourage advocacy efforts.

  8. Thermophysics Universal Research Framework (TURF) Tutorial Package

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-02

    DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Thermophysics Universal Research Framework (TURF) Tutorial Package 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 THERMOPHYSICS UNIVERSAL RESEARCH FRAMEWORK – INFRASTRUCTURE RELEASE – (TURF-IR V1.0...a C-R physics module), there are no hooks to indicate that a particular module is missing. In this way, reverse engineering the functionality of a

  9. [Medical technologist as a member of infection control team].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuzumi, Katsuko; Ieiri, Tamio

    2005-11-01

    For the prevention of infection at institutions, an Anti-nosocomial Infection Committee or an Infection Control Team (ICT) is organized at each institution according to its scale. We report the present status of the ICT managed mainly by medical technologists engaged in microbiological examination (certified medical microbiological technologists) at Dokkyo University School of Medicine. Since this hospital is an educational hospital, the department of clinical laboratory medicine cooperates with the microbiological laboratory of the clinical laboratory in infection control education of medical workers (such as medical students, nursing students, physicians and nurses) in infection diagnosis, infection control/infection management. Since infection control is achieved by improvement in hygiene knowledge and its practice in all citizens, we also attached importance to publicity activities associated with microbiology for patients, their families, and all medical workers.

  10. Basic Training: A 1-Day Education Module for New Clientele in the Turf Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Aaron J.; Reicher, Zachary J.

    2011-01-01

    It is important that Extension education programs be directed at clientele new to the turfgrass industry. A 1-day Basic Training: Turf Management seminar was created in 2006 to provide education to those new to the turfgrass industry. The seminar covered the basics of turfgrass management including growth, physiology, fertilization, cultural…

  11. Biomedical Science Technologists in Lagos Universities: Meeting ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Technologists in Lagos Universities: Meeting Modern Standards in Biomedical Research. ... science terms; 6) their use of the Internet for professional information. ... SOTA biomedical science needs adequate financial investment for the ...

  12. Measures on Planting Evergreen Turf in Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River%长江中下游地区草坪周年常绿的技术措施*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽霞; 张艳

    2013-01-01

    营造周年常绿草坪一直是业界关注的热点问题。在简述了长江中下游地区气候特点的基础上,从选择相对耐热的冷季型草坪草种,在暖季型草坪上补播冷季型草,建立相对稳定持久的冷暖季型混植草坪,使用草坪染色增绿剂,以及加强养护管理等方面,较系统地分析了在长江中下游地区营造草坪周年基本常绿的基本途径。%Creating evergreen turf has been a hot issue of concern to the industry.Based on the climate characteristics in middle and lower rea-ches of Yangtze River,the paper briefly introduced several ways to create evergreen turf in the aera.The contents include selecting relative heat tolerant cool-season turf grasses,overseeding cool-season turf grasses on warm-season turf grasses,establishing a relatively stable and lasting turf by mixing warm-turf grasses with cool-season turf grasses,spraying chemical green agents,and reinforcing turf manage-ment.

  13. Ornamental and Turf Pest Control. Bulletin 764.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowyer, Timothy H.; And Others

    This manual gives descriptions of and methods for control of diseases and insect pests of ornamental plants, weeds, and diseases and insect pests of turf plants. Included are diseases caused by fungi such as cankers, leaf galls, and rust; diseases caused by bacteria such as bacterial blight and crown gall; and diseases caused by nematodes and…

  14. Turf wars: experimental tests for alternative stable states in a two-phase coastal ecosystem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownstein, Gretchen; Lee, William G; Pritchard, Daniel W; Wilson, J Bastow

    2014-02-01

    vegetation to salt spray. If any of these factors change, there could be a state change to pasture dominance that might be resistant to reversion to turf. Managing such coastal herbaceous communities therefore requires an understanding of the environmental and species characteristics that maintain alternative states.

  15. Ethics and law for the radiologic technologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, S D

    1999-01-01

    Radiologic technologists face daily decisions based on both ethics and law. Ethics has a long history in medicine and includes biomedical, professional and personal ethics. Health care professionals also must be aware of administrative, constitutional, civil and criminal law. They are subject to both criminal and civil penalties for misconduct in the course of carrying out professional duties.

  16. Researches on the Sport Quality of Natural-Artificial Turf%天然草与人造草混合系统草坪运动质量性状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包永霞; 满达; 李聪; 韩烈保

    2012-01-01

    Athletic field turf should match the quality and interest of the public attraction regarded high-level sports. The attraction itself includes a complex of many factors such as economy, science, technology and management. Athletic field turf may include both natural turf and artificial turf. In order to take advantage of both types of turf, a new planting technique for natural-artificial turf has been suggested. Natural-artificial turf refers to the turf grass system composed of natural turf grass, special machinery management, basic ground equipment and some artificial fiber materials mixed in the natural turf surface and root-zone using modern mechanical equipment. To further understand the characteristics of natural-artificial turf, this study reports bounce rate and rolling distance of natural-artificial turf after mimic traffic processing is tested with natural turf as control. The twist friction, sliding friction, bounce rate and rolling distance of natural-artificial turf increase with traffic intensity. Group A4 and A6 show obviously higher twist friction and sliding friction than other groups.%为进一步了解天然草与人造草混合系统草坪的特点,以纯天然草坪为对照,通过模拟践踏处理,对混合系统草坪表面反弹、摩擦及滚动等性能进行了测定研究.结果表明:混合系统草坪的扭动摩擦力、滑动摩擦力、反弹率及滚动距离均随践踏胁迫的强度增加而具有上升的特点,其中间隔铺设4 cm人造草坪处理(A4)的混建草坪和间隔铺设6 cm人造草坪处理(A6)的混建草坪均始终保持较高的扭动摩擦力与滑动摩擦力,明显高于其他处理,可以推广应用.

  17. The role of location in medical technologist job satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Hoffmann, S L; Radius, S M

    1995-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a difference in job satisfaction existed between medical technologists working in an urban hospital and those working in a suburban hospital. The four areas of investigation were (1) satisfaction with pay, (2) professional status, (3) medical technologist-physician relationship, and (4) job task requirements. Sixty medical technologists, from two different hospital locations, were surveyed using a work satisfaction questionnaire. A response rate of 60 percent from the suburban and 58 percent from the urban hospital was achieved. Analysis using the Mann-Whitney U test indicated that urban laboratorians were more satisfied with all areas of interest than were their suburban counterparts. The surveyed medical technologists were most satisfied with professional status, medical technologist-physician relationship, pay, and job task requirements. All scores were, in general, low, suggesting a need to attend to improved job satisfaction among medical technologists.

  18. [The newly certified 105 Japanese medical technologists in clinical microbiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumasaka, Kazunari

    2002-05-01

    Interest in quality assurance(QA) in clinical laboratories in Japan has increased over the past 30 years. We have however been lagging behind countries such as the USA, Canada and the UK in QA of clinical microbiology. The main problem of QA in Japan is human resources. There are only about 400 laboratory physicians certified by the Japanese Society of Laboratory Medicine(JSLM). Almost no academics in microbiology are interested in QA and they mostly lack clinical competence. There is a small number of faculty positions, and promotions are mostly based on research productivity while medical graduates are increasingly drawn to bench work for basic, short-term research. The Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology (JSCM) was established in 1990 in order to promote the development of clinical microbiology and its relevant fields in Japan. And 2001 was a milestone in sustained efforts of the JSLM to initiate qualifying examinations of medical technologists(MT) in clinical microbiology. 105 MT in clinical microbiology were newly certified by the Joint Committee of JSCM, JSLM, Japanese Association of Medical Technologists (JAMT) and College of Clinical Pathology of Japan(CCPJ). The certified MTs have appropriate educational background and are well motivated. With good on-the-job training, they are expected to perform effectively various tasks, including laboratory management. Recent radical changes in the health care delivery system have also had serious implications on laboratory services and QA of microbiological tests. The primary goal of the clinical microbiology laboratory is to provide accurate diagnostic testing and high-quality service at a low cost for its customers. It is believed that the Joint Committee and the newly certified MTs will contribute to narrowing the gap between Japan and other countries in clinical microbiology.

  19. Incidence and risk factors for turf toe injuries in intercollegiate football: data from the national collegiate athletic association injury surveillance system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Elizabeth; Harris, Alex H S; Dragoo, Jason L; Hunt, Kenneth J

    2014-02-01

    Turf toe is the general term for a sprain of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint complex. Previously attributed to shoe design and artificial turf, the incidence of turf toe injury has been thought to decline with the advent of newer turf designs. However, the current incidence and epidemiology remain unknown as the majority of the literature consists of small series and addresses diagnosis and treatment rather than epidemiology and prevention. We examined data from the NCAA's Injury Surveillance System (ISS) for 5 football seasons (2004-2005 through 2008-2009), including all preseason, regular season, and postseason practice and competition data. The incidence, epidemiology, and risk factors for turf toe injury, defined as injury to the connective tissue of the first MTP joint, plantar plate complex, and/or sesamoid fracture, were determined. The overall incidence of turf toe injuries in NCAA football players was 0.062 per 1000 athlete-exposures (A-Es; 95% CI 0.052, 0.072). Athletes were nearly 14 times more likely to sustain the injury during games compared to practice, with a mean days lost due to injury of 10.1 (7.9, 12.4). Fewer than 2% of turf toe injuries required operative intervention. There was a significantly higher injury rate on third-generation artificial surfaces compared to natural grass (0.087 per 1000 A-E [0.067, 0.11] vs 0.047 per 1000 A-E [0.036, 0.059]). The majority of injuries occurred as a result of contact with the playing surface (35.4%) or contact with another player (32.7%), and running backs and quarterbacks were the most common positions to suffer turf toe injury. Our data suggest a significantly higher incidence of turf toe injuries during games, a greater susceptibility among running backs and quarterbacks, and a significant contribution of playing surface to risk of injury. Though turf toe injuries may be less common that previously reported in elite football players, these injuries warrant appropriate acute and long

  20. The role of learning technologists in supporting e-research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susi Peacock

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how the role of learning technologists, a professional group that has emerged during the last 15 to 20 years, may be diversifying to include supporting e-research. It contributes to the current debate about the emerging profession and the roles it should play in contemporary higher education. Previous studies have shown that, typically, the profession's role has focussed almost exclusively on curriculum development; traditionally, learning technologists work with students and tutors to enhance the learning environment with technology. This article presents two case studies of PhD research that used a standard e-learning tool, the virtual learning environment (VLE, to conduct focus groups online. The case studies demonstrate the expert role of the learning technologist in supporting researchers to make informed decisions about whether and how to use e-learning tools to conduct qualitative e-research. The learning technologist advised on the potential advantages and limitations of using the VLE for research and fostered collaborative, working relationships with the researchers, acquiring extensive background knowledge about their projects. This required the learning technologist to draw upon her own experience with research into e-learning and on her professional experience gained from supporting curriculum developments. It is suggested that many learning technologists could extend their roles, transferring their knowledge to include supporting e-research. A more inclusive model of the learning technologist's role in academia could help address the potential polarisation of the profession into researchers and practitioners.

  1. South African Association of Veterinary Technologists : congress abstracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Office

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The following are abstracts of papers and posters presented at the 'Back to Basics Congress' of the South African Association of Veterinary Technologists (SAAVT, 15-16 September 2009, Batter Boys, Pretoria, South Africa.

  2. Study of lone working magnetic resonance technologists in Western Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tracy Anne Dewland

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: It is recommended that magnetic resonance (MR technologists should not work alone due to potential occupational health risks although lone working is legally acceptable. The objective of this study was to investigate the current situation of lone working MR technologists in Western Australia (WA and any issue against the regulations. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire regarding the issues of occupational health of lone working MR technologists was developed based on relevant literature and distributed to WA MR technologists. Descriptive (percentage of frequency, mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics (Fisher's exact, Chi2 and t tests, and analysis of variance were used to analyze the responses of the yes/no, multiple choice and 5 pt scale questions from the returned questionnaires. Results: The questionnaire response rate was 65.6% (59/90. It was found that about half of the MR technologists (45.8%, 27/59 experienced lone working. The private magnetic resonance imaging (MRI centers were more likely to arrange technologists to work alone (p < 0.05. The respondents expressed positive views on issues of adequacy of training and arrangement, confidence and comfort towards lone working except immediate assistance for emergency (mean: 3. Factors of existence of MRI safety officer (p < 0.05 and nature of lone working (p < 0.001-0.05 affected MR technologists' concerns. Conclusions: Lone working of MR technologists is common in WA especially in private centers. The training and arrangement provided seem to be adequate for meeting the legal requirements. However, several areas should be improved by the workplaces including enhancement on immediate emergency assistance and concern relief.

  3. Soil Nitrate Monitoring for Turfgrass Sod Farms and Other Turf Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Michael Sullivan

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies with established turf and golf courses have indicated minimal risk of nitrate pollution of groundwater resulting from turfgrass management, but soil nitrate flux in turfgrass sod production farms and golf courses has received less attention. Information about nitrate-N flux at a particular location can be helpful to the sod producer or the golf course manager when efficiently applying N fertilizers and minimizing risk of nitrate pollution. We used an ion exchange resin capsule system to continuously monitor soil nitrate-N fluxes at 12 sites in southern Rhode Island, including turfgrass sod production farms and a low-maintenance environment. Four capsules were placed in the soil at each site and retrieved at intervals coinciding with management and meteorological events to determine nitrate ion accumulation. We found that the golf course green exhibited significantly higher nitrate-N fluxes than the sod farms and the low-maintenance turf. There was significant interaction between sampling date and study site, indicating that seasonal variation in soil nitrate-N fluxes was affected by turfgrass management. The cultural practice of late fall fertilization to stimulate early spring growth in the following year appeared to present some risk of nitrate loss during the winter from the golf course greens in our region. We conclude that site-specific and time-relevant monitoring is needed to produce and manage turfgrasses in an environmentally sound manner.

  4. [Promotion of the systematization of consistent education for medical technologists].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiba, Kiyoko; Sato, Kenji

    2006-03-01

    Although only about 35 years have passed since the birth of medical technology, marked advances have been made in the clinical laboratory science field. However, the educational system for technologists attached importance only to the learning of techniques for a long period because special training schools primarily provided medical technologist education. With the passing of time, the need for advanced knowledge has increased, and a plan to change the education system for medical technologists to 4-year colleges was evaluated. In 1989, the Course of Laboratory Sciences as a 4-year system for medical technologist education was established in the Department of Medicine, Tokyo Medical & Dental University. The Doctoral Course of Graduate School (first term) was established in 1993 and the Doctoral Course of Graduate School(second term) in 1995. In 2001, these courses formed a graduate university as the Division of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences, the Graduate School of Allied Health Sciences. Thus, a consistent educational system for medical technologists was established. By March 2005, about 500 students had graduated from this division. Based on this experience, we produced a 4-stage developmental program and provide an advanced educational system for the promotion of the systematization of consistent medical technologist education.

  5. Environmental and health impacts of artificial turf: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Hefa; Hu, Yuanan; Reinhard, Martin

    2014-02-18

    With significant water savings and low maintenance requirements, artificial turf is increasingly promoted as a replacement for natural grass on athletic fields and lawns. However, there remains the question of whether it is an environmentally friendly alternative to natural grass. The major concerns stem from the infill material that is typically derived from scrap tires. Tire rubber crumb contains a range of organic contaminants and heavy metals that can volatilize into the air and/or leach into the percolating rainwater, thereby posing a potential risk to the environment and human health. A limited number of studies have shown that the concentrations of volatile and semivolatile organic compounds in the air above artificial turf fields were typically not higher than the local background, while the concentrations of heavy metals and organic contaminants in the field drainages were generally below the respective regulatory limits. Health risk assessment studies suggested that users of artificial turf fields, even professional athletes, were not exposed to elevated risks. Preliminary life cycle assessment suggested that the environmental impacts of artificial turf fields were lower than equivalent grass fields. Areas that need further research to better understand and mitigate the potential negative environmental impacts of artificial turf are identified.

  6. Artificial turf football fields: environmental and mutagenicity assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilirò, Tiziana; Traversi, Deborah; Degan, Raffaella; Pignata, Cristina; Alessandria, Luca; Scozia, Dario; Bono, Roberto; Gilli, Giorgio

    2013-01-01

    The public has recently raised concerns regarding potential human health and environmental risks associated with tire crumb constituents in the artificial turf of football fields. The aim of the present study was to develop an environmental analysis drawing a comparison between artificial turf football fields and urban areas relative to concentrations of particles (PM10 and PM2.5) and related polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), aromatic hydrocarbons (BTXs), and mutagenicity of organic extracts from PM10 and PM2.5. No significant differences were found between PM10 concentrations at an urban site and on a turf football field, both during warm and in cold seasons, either with or without on-field activity. PM2.5 concentrations were significantly greater at the urban site in the cold season as was the ratio of PM2.5 to PM10. BTXs were significantly greater at urban sites than on turf football fields on both on warm and cold days. The ratio of toluene to benzene (T/B ratio) was always comparable with that of normal urban conditions. The concentration of PAHs on the monitored football fields was comparable with urban levels during the two different sampling periods, and the contribution of PAHs released from the granular material was negligible. PM10 organic extract mutagenicity for artificial turf football fields was greater, whereas PM2.5 organic extract mutagenicity was lower, compared with the urban site studied. However, both organic extract mutagenicity values were comparable with the organic extract mutagenicity reported in the literature for urban sites. On the basis of environmental monitoring, artificial turf football fields present no more exposure risks than the rest of the city.

  7. Pesticide assessment: Protecting public health on the home turf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, Meg; Walker, C Robin; van der Jagt, Richard Hc; Claman, Paul

    2006-04-01

    Pesticide regulation is examined in the context of Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency's assessment of the chlorophenoxy herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) for turf. 2,4-D is the most common herbicide used to kill weeds in grass.The medical literature does not uniformly indicate harms from herbicides. However, the balance of epidemiological research suggests that 2,4-D can be persuasively linked to cancers, neurological impairment and reproductive problems. These may arise from 2,4-D itself, from breakdown products or dioxin contamination, or from a combination of chemicals.Regulators rely largely on toxicology, but experiments may not replicate exposures from 2,4-D application to lawns because environmental breakdown products (eg, 2,4-dichlorophenol) may not accumulate and selected herbicides are possibly less contaminated. Dioxins are bioaccumulative chemicals that may cause cancer, harm neurological development, impair reproduction, disrupt the endocrine system and alter immune function. No dioxin analyses were submitted to the Pest Management Regulatory Agency, and the principal contaminants of 2,4-D are not among the 17 congeners covered in pesticide regulation. Independent assessment of all dioxins is needed, in tissues and in the environment.The 2,4-D assessment does not approach standards for ethics, rigour or transparency in medical research. Canada needs a stronger regulator for pesticides. Potentially toxic chemicals should not be registered when more benign solutions exist, risks are not clearly quantifiable or potential risks outweigh benefits. Until landscaping pesticides are curtailed nationally, local bylaws and Quebec's Pesticide Code are prudent measures to protect public health. Physicians have a role in public education regarding pesticides.

  8. Development of a quantitative loop-mediated isothermal amplification (qLAMP) assay for the detection of Magnaporthe oryzae airborne inoculum in turf ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grey Leaf Spot (GLS) is a detrimental disease of perennial ryegrass caused by a host-specialized form of Magnaporthe oryzae (Mot). In order to improve turf management, a quantitative loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay coupled with a simple spore trap is being developed to monitor GL...

  9. Conservation Biological Control and Pest Performance in Lawn Turf: Does Mowing Height Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Emily K.; Potter, Daniel A.

    2014-03-01

    With >80 million United States households engaged in lawn and gardening activities, increasing sustainability of lawn care is important. Mowing height is an easily manipulated aspect of lawn management. We tested the hypothesis that elevated mowing of tall fescue lawn grass promotes a larger, more diverse community of arthropod natural enemies which in turn provides stronger biological control services, and the corollary hypothesis that doing so also renders the turf itself less suitable for growth of insect pests. Turf-type tall fescue was mowed low (6.4 cm) or high (10.2 cm) for two growing seasons, natural enemy populations were assessed by vacuum sampling, pitfall traps, and ant baits, and predation and parasitism were evaluated with sentinel prey caterpillars, grubs, and eggs. In addition, foliage-feeding caterpillars and root-feeding scarab grubs were confined in the turf to evaluate their performance. Although some predatory groups (e.g., rove beetles and spiders) were more abundant in high-mowed grass, predation rates were uniformly high because ants, the dominant predators, were similarly abundant regardless of mowing height. Lower canopy temperatures in high-mowed grass were associated with slower growth of grass-feeding caterpillars. Higher lawn mowing reduces fuel consumption and yard waste, and promotes a deep, robust root system that reduces need for water and chemical inputs. Although in this study elevated mowing height did not measurably increase the already-high levels of predation, it did suggest additional ways through which bottom-up effects on insect pest growth might interact with natural enemies to facilitate conservation biological control.

  10. Applicator Training Manual for: Ornamental and Turf Pest Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, John R.; And Others

    Contained in this manual are descriptions of the reaction of ornamental plants to diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses and mycoplasmas. Also described are insects which are associated with ornamentals. Examples of weeds found in ornamental or turf areas, such as crabgrass and chickweed, are described as well. Finally information is…

  11. 西藏野生波伐早熟禾坪用性状及应用%Turf characteristics of wild Poa poiphagorum and its application in Tibet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关法春; 苗彦军; 王超; 洛桑旺久; 次仁多吉

    2011-01-01

    为了明确西藏野生波伐早熟禾(Poapoiphagorum)的使用性能,研究采用草坪坪用价值综合评价系统,在自然条件和人工栽培条件下对波伐早熟禾的坪用性状进行了研究。结果表明,草坪质地、株高、绿期、草坪强度和戍坪速度等指标评分较好,色泽指标评分中等,而草坪植株密度、均一性和生物量3个指标评分较低,波伐早熟禾作为草坪植物使用,需通过加强栽培管理措施或者育种手段来解决这些问题;对波伐早熟禾使用性能的综合评定结果说明,相对于作为观赏型草坪(综合评定值为3.1),波伐早熟禾更适合作为保土型草坪来应用(综合评定值为3%The comprehensive evaluation system of turf quality was used to evaluate the turf characteristics of wild Poa poiphagorum under the natural and artificial environments for defining the usability of this turf grass. This study showed that the turf texture, height, persistence, intensity and speed of turf estab- lishment performed well, and the turf color was not bad, but the turf density, uniformity, biomass was poor. Optimal cultivation and management measures or breeding methods would benefit the application of wild P. poiphagorum. This study also suggested that the P. poiphagorum was better used to establish the conservation erosion than to establish the landscape turf.

  12. Investigation and evaluation on the quality of sports turf of Guangzhou Asian Games%广州亚运会运动场草坪建植质量调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗耀; 张巨明; 叶振华; 时佩; 陆璃; 龚广

    2012-01-01

    The evaluation on the quality of sports turf of Guangzhou Asian Games was conducted based on the investigation in term of bed structure of turf, planting techniques, renovating and maintaining,as well as turfgrass growth conditions. The investigation found that the quality of sports turf will be influenced directly by the turf bed structure, the planting technique, as well as reno management was more important than the planting technique. vating and maintaining. For the sports turf, the Although, the investment of the sports turf in planting and management was not enough in Guangzhou Asian Games, the quality of sports turf would be im- proved if the turf technical methods and measures were took into strengthen. The investigated results could re- flect the quality of sports turf comprehensively and accurately, which was consistent with the practical situation. The method of evaluation was fast and accurate and it can be applicable to the quality evaluation for sports turf.%对广州亚运会运动场草坪的坪床结构、建植水平、养护管理技术及草坪状况进行调查研究,系统客观地评价各个运动场草坪质量。调查发现,运动场草坪的基础坪床结构对运动场的使用质量有直接的影响,草坪的建植和养护水平与草坪状况和草坪质量有密切关系,草坪的养护管理水平比草坪建植水平对草坪状况有更大的影响;广州天然运动场草坪在草坪建植和养护管理方面的投入不够,如果加强和提高建植草坪的技术方法和措施,运动场草坪质量将会有很大的提高空间。此次研究结果能较全面和准确的反映运动场草坪使用质量,与实际情况相吻合。

  13. The Role of Learning Technologists in Supporting E-Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peacock, Susi; Robertson, Ann; Williams, Sarah; Clausen, Maria Giatsi

    2009-01-01

    This article explores how the role of learning technologists, a professional group that has emerged during the last 15 to 20 years, may be diversifying to include supporting e-research. It contributes to the current debate about the emerging profession and the roles it should play in contemporary higher education. Previous studies have shown that,…

  14. [The medical technologist as a key professional in medical care in the 21st century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwatani, Yoshinori

    2008-10-01

    The dynamic healthcare environment of Japan, including the rapidly aging population and the requirement of highly sophisticated and diverse medical care, induces strict financial conditions and increases the number of those seeking medical care. Therefore, medical professionals are now required to provide safe and effective medical care with limited medical resources. Recently, Japanese medical institutions have introduced the total quality management system, which was developed for better business management, to promote safe and effective management. However, there are two major drawbacks with the introduction of this system in the sector of medical care in Japan. First, the standardization of medical skills of medical professionals is greatly affected due to the presence of different education systems for the same medical profession except for medical doctors and pharmacologists. The education system for major medical professionals, such as nurses and medical and radiological technologists, must be standardized based on the university norms. Second, the knowledge-creating process among the medical professionals has been associated with many problems. The specialized fields are quite different among medical professionals. Therefore, common specialized fields must be established among major medical professions based on the specialization of medical doctors to promote their communication and better understanding. Considering the roles of medical professionals in medical care, medical doctors and nurses are the most responsible for monitoring, assessing, and guaranteeing the safety of medical care, and medical and radiological technologists are the most responsible for effective medical care. The current medical technologists are not only required to carry out clinical laboratory tests, but also be proactive and positive as well as have marked problem-solving abilities. They are expected to improve the diagnostic test systems in medical institutes for medical doctors

  15. The potential of the skin as a readout system to test artificial turf systems: clinical and immunohistological effects of a sliding on natural grass and artificial turf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peppelman, M.; Eijnde, W.A. van den; Langewouters, A.M.G.; Weghuis, M.O.; Erp, P.E.J. van

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction of skin with natural grass and artificial turf at clinical, histological and immunohistochemical level. Therefore, 14 male volunteers performed slidings on dry natural grass, wet natural grass and artificial turf. Directly and 24 h after t

  16. Turf establishment and management of golf course in Inner Mongolia---A case study of Yaou Sport Holiday Village proj ect%内蒙古地区高尔夫球场草坪建植与管理--以亚欧体育运动度假村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    信金娜; 张明磊; 徐海波; 杜亚军

    2013-01-01

    The Yaou Sport Holiday Village Project was used as example and the procedures and key tech-niques were summarized and discussed.It showed that both creeping bentgrass and Kentucky bluegrass could be used in golf course in Inner Mongolia.Grasses could be seeded in summer with carefully maintenances in Baotou area.Hydro-seeding was a favorable method for turf establishment.High frequency irrigation and medium ferti-lization were critical management practices for successful seeding.%以内蒙古包头亚欧体育运动度假村为例,对内蒙古地区高尔夫球场草种选择、草坪种植季节、草坪建植注意事项做了系统论述,为中西部地区尤其内蒙古地区草坪建植提供参考依据。结果表明,匍匐翦股颖、草地早熟禾均可在球场上种植;包头地区夏季可以植草,但需要精心养护;草坪建植过程中,采用喷播植草是一种有效的植草方式,草坪种植后加强灌溉频率,适当控制施肥用量,对幼苗期成坪是非常关键的养护措施。

  17. 植物生长调节剂在高尔夫草坪上的应用%Application prospect of plant growth regulators on gol f turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏发生; 刘刚

    2013-01-01

    高尔夫球场草坪养护成本增加和效益降低已成为草坪养护管理者所面临的一个严峻问题。在草坪养护中,合理应用植物生长调节剂能有效地减少能源消耗和机械磨损,节省劳动力资源,提高草坪质量。植物生长调节剂能够促进高尔夫草坪种子萌发、幼苗生长和加速成坪;延缓高尔夫草坪生长,减少修剪;促进高尔夫草坪着色,延长绿期,提高草坪观赏性;促进草坪生根,增加分蘖,提高草坪草的抗逆性。%It has become a serious problem for turfgrass manager that the cost is increasing where as out-come is dropping in turfgrass maintenance and management.In the turf maintenance process,proper application of plant growth regulators can effectively reduce the energy consumption and mechanical wear,save labor usage and improve turf quality.Plant growth regulators can effectively promote the golf turf seed germination,rate seedling growth;reduce vain growth and mowing frequency;promote golf turf coloring,prolong green period;stimulate the root growth,improve tiller numbers;increase the resistance of turf.

  18. Skin friction related behaviour of artificial turf systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Sock Peng; Fleming, Paul; Hu, Xiao; Forrester, Steph

    2017-08-01

    The occurrence of skin friction related injuries is an issue for artificial turf sports pitches and remains a barrier to their acceptance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current industry standard Securisport® Sports Surface Tester that measures skin surface related frictional behaviour of artificial turf. Little research has been published about the device and its efficacy, despite its widespread use as a standard FIFA test instrument. To achieve a range of frictional behaviours, several "third generation" (3G) carpet and infill combinations were investigated; friction time profiles throughout the Securisport rotations were assessed in combination with independent measurements of skin roughness before and after friction testing via 3D surface scanning. The results indicated that carpets without infill had greatest friction (coefficients of friction 0.97-1.20) while those completely filled with sand or rubber had similar and lower values independent of carpet type (coefficient of friction (COF) ≈0.57). Surface roughness of a silicone skin (s-skin) decreased after friction testing, with the largest change on sand infilled surfaces, indicating an "abrasive" polishing effect. The combined data show that the s-skin is damaged in a surface-specific manner, thus the Securisport COF values appear to be a poor measure of the potential for skin abrasion. It is proposed that the change in s-skin roughness improves assessment of the potential for skin damage when players slide on artificial turf.

  19. Analysis of Influencing Factors Related to Health Promotion Behavior in Hospital Radiological Technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Jong Kyung [Kim, In Hwan Internal Medicine Health Promotion Cnter, Youngcheon (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Duk Mun [Dept. of Radiology Technology, Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Yeong Han [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Daegu Catholic Univesity Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to analyze factors that could affect health of radiological technologists, which is useful for health care and development of programs for health promotion. Subjects were 234 of radiological technologists who work in general hospitals. Some questionnaires were made about perceptions of health condition and promotional behavior of health for this study. The questionnaires of health perception were 20 items that consist of the present condition of health, health concern and sensitivity. The reliability was sufficient(Cronbach's {alpha}=0.79). The other questionnaires about health promotion behavior were 47 items that consist of self-realization, health responsibility, exercise, nutrition, personal relationships, and stress management. The results turned out to be was sufficient (Cronbach's {alpha}=0.93). Every data was treated statistically, comparison of average(t-test, ANOVA), correlation, and multiple regression. Related factors to health promotion behavior were age, marriage, salary, class of one's position, career, employment, and religion, in general features. In health life habit, related factors were smoke and exercise. Results of health promotion behavior was 2.90 of mean score, 0.37 of standard deviation. Correlations between factors of health perception and health promotion behavior was positive(p<0.01). Health promotion behavior were affected by sensitivity, presents condition of health, exercise, smoke, career. Sensitivity was the most affectable variable, which means that promotional behavior score became higher and higher as the score of sensitivity and present condition were increased. In addition, persons who exercise regularly, had been smoked, and has higher career showed higher score of promotional behavior. Radiological technologists have to keep their health, trying not to infected by a disease. Most of all, no smoking and regular exercise are the most important thing to all of members.

  20. Clinical laboratory technologist professional development in Camagüey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Caridad García González

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the results of research aimed at assessing the current conditions related to clinical laboratory technologist professional development. A descriptive cross study covering the period between November 2013 and January 2014 is presented. Several techniques for identifying and hierarchically arranging professional developmental related problems were used to study a sample at the Faculty of Health Technology of the Medical University “Carlos Juan Finlay”. The study involved heads of teaching departments and methodologists of health care technology specialties; moreover a survey and a content test were given graduate clinical laboratory technicians. The authors reached at the conclusion that clinical laboratory technologist professional development is limited and usually underestimate the necessities and interests of these graduates. Likewise, a lack of systematization and integration of the biomedical basic sciences contents and the laboratory diagnosis is noticeable.

  1. Challenges for Educational Technologists in the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Mayes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In 1972, Edsger Dijkstra claimed that computers had only introduced the new problem of learning to use them effectively. This is especially true in 2015 with regard to powerful new educational technologies. This article describes the challenges that 21st century educational technologists are, and will be, addressing as they undertake the effective integration of new technologies into K-12 educational systems and learning environments. The expanding Internet, ever more powerful mobile devices, and other innovations make the task of designing effective formal and informal learning challenging, especially in light of the high rate of change in these new technologies. While these technologies introduce many benefits, they are also causing serious threats to system security and personal privacy. Furthermore, as these technologies continue to evolve, ethical issues such as equal access to resources become imperative. Educational technologists must expand their forward-thinking leadership and planning competencies so as to ensure effective use of new technologies.

  2. A study on the continuing education of radiologic technologists: Focused on current status and satisfaction of continuing education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, Hye Lim; Choi, In Seok; Nam, So Ra; Kim, Hyun Ji; Yoon, Yong Su; Her, Jae; Han, Seong Gyu; Kim, Jung Min [Dept. of bio-convergence engineering, graduate school, Korea university, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Duck Sun [Korea university college of medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15

    In this study, we surveyed the current status, satisfaction and demand of radiologic technologist continuing education for 93 radiologic technologists who participated in the continuing education. To understand the current status and general evaluation and to find out the improvement direction, survey was conducted on 3 categories: participation, satisfaction and demand of continuing education. In addition, we analyzed the continuing education implementation status and the management system by collecting related regulations. As a result, the education completion rates of radiologic technologists from 2010 to 2012 were respectively 42.6%, 43.4% and 34.2%; the rates were similar to other medical technician’s average education completion rates. According to the survey, in case of participation, the most frequent answer was ‘more than five times less than 10 times per year’ with 48.4% and in satisfaction section, the most common answer was ‘Average(3)’ with 34.4%. In demand of continuing education section, 32.8% of the respondents chose ‘Clinical skill training in major field’. In the results of this research, continuing education needs to be managed in the direction of helping radiologists improve their personal ability and self development. Furthermore, to meet the demand of radiologists, the quality of continuing education should be improved to satisfy the educatee.

  3. Turf Wars: School Administrators and Military Recruiting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagotte, Brian W.

    2014-01-01

    Although a decade has passed since passage, few have noticed that section 9528 in No Child Left Behind (NCLB) mandates schools to assist military recruiting. This article focuses on administrators' responsibility to inform parents of their privacy rights and the struggle to manage recruiting in schools. I highlight two conclusions with policy…

  4. The effect of turf cutting on plant and arbuscular mycorrhizal spore recolonisation: Implications for heathland restoration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vergeer, P.; Berg, van den L.J.L.; Baar, J.; Ouborg, N.J.; Roelofs, J.G.M.

    2006-01-01

    In two natural heathland vegetations, we analysed the effect of turf cutting on spore numbers of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Next to this, we performed a controlled factorial experiment to examine the role of AMF for germination and establishment of Arnica montana in both turf cut and non-tu

  5. Taxonomic and Functional Metagenomic Signature of Turfs in the Abrolhos Reef System (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Juline M; Tschoeke, Diogo A; Meirelles, Pedro M; de Oliveira, Louisi; Leomil, Luciana; Tenório, Márcio; Valle, Rogério; Salomon, Paulo S; Thompson, Cristiane C; Thompson, Fabiano L

    2016-01-01

    Turfs are widespread assemblages (consisting of microbes and algae) that inhabit reef systems. They are the most abundant benthic component in the Abrolhos reef system (Brazil), representing greater than half the coverage of the entire benthic community. Their presence is associated with a reduction in three-dimensional coral reef complexity and decreases the habitats available for reef biodiversity. Despite their importance, the taxonomic and functional diversity of turfs remain unclear. We performed a metagenomics and pigments profile characterization of turfs from the Abrolhos reefs. Turf microbiome primarily encompassed Proteobacteria (mean 40.57% ± s.d. 10.36, N = 1.548,192), Cyanobacteria (mean 35.04% ± s.d. 15.5, N = 1.337,196), and Bacteroidetes (mean 11.12% ± s.d. 4.25, N = 424,185). Oxygenic and anoxygenic phototrophs, chemolithotrophs, and aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AANP) bacteria showed a conserved functional trait of the turf microbiomes. Genes associated with oxygenic photosynthesis, AANP, sulfur cycle (S oxidation, and DMSP consumption), and nitrogen metabolism (N2 fixation, ammonia assimilation, dissimilatory nitrate and nitrite ammonification) were found in the turf microbiomes. Principal component analyses of the most abundant taxa and functions showed that turf microbiomes differ from the other major Abrolhos benthic microbiomes (i.e., corals and rhodoliths) and seawater. Taken together, these features suggest that turfs have a homogeneous functional core across the Abrolhos Bank, which holds diverse microbial guilds when comparing with other benthic organisms.

  6. 7 CFR 201.12a - Lawn and turf seed mixtures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lawn and turf seed mixtures. 201.12a Section 201.12a..., Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS Labeling Agricultural Seeds § 201.12a Lawn and turf seed mixtures. Seed mixtures intended for...

  7. Analysis of Turf Fungicides in Snow Melt Runoff by LC/MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungicides are applied on turf grass, in autumn, to control snow mold in the north-central United States. Fungicides of varying chemical classes have been detected in snow melt runoff from turf. A multi-residue method for simultaneous sample extraction and analysis is needed to process a large quant...

  8. The Technologist in Classical Mythology and American Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Inger Hunnerup

    2012-01-01

    Figures from classical mythology which can be identified broadly as “technologists” are transformed and live on in later works of literature. Mythic characters like Daedalus, Hephaistos and Prometheus have survived through the years by a process of adaptation. Their significance either changes...... as they reappear in later works of fiction, as is the case with Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, or, the New Prometheus (1818), or their characteristics inform later technologist figures as part of the critical fictional strategies of authors like Herman Melville or Thomas Pynchon....

  9. The Technologist in Classical Mythology and American Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Inger Hunnerup

    2012-01-01

    Figures from classical mythology which can be identified broadly as “technologists” are transformed and live on in later works of literature. Mythic characters like Daedalus, Hephaistos and Prometheus have survived through the years by a process of adaptation. Their significance either changes as...... as they reappear in later works of fiction, as is the case with Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, or, the New Prometheus (1818), or their characteristics inform later technologist figures as part of the critical fictional strategies of authors like Herman Melville or Thomas Pynchon....

  10. Transplantation of subalpine wood-pasture turfs along a natural climatic gradient reveals lower resistance of unwooded pastures to climate change compared to wooded ones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavazov, Konstantin; Spiegelberger, Thomas; Buttler, Alexandre

    2014-04-01

    Climate change could impact strongly on cold-adapted mountain ecosystems, but little is known about its interaction with traditional land-use practices. We used an altitudinal gradient to simulate a year-round warmer and drier climate for semi-natural subalpine grasslands across a landscape of contrasting land-use management. Turf mesocosms from three pasture-woodland land-use types-unwooded pasture, sparsely wooded pasture, and densely wooded pasture-spanning a gradient from high to low management intensity were transplanted downslope to test their resistance to two intensities of climate change. We found strong overall effects of intensive (+4 K) experimental climate change (i.e., warming and reduced precipitation) on plant community structure and function, while moderate (+2 K) climate change did not substantially affect the studied land-use types, thus indicating an ecosystem response threshold to moderate climate perturbation. The individual land-use types were affected differently under the +4 K scenario, with a 60% decrease in aboveground biomass (AGB) in unwooded pasture turfs, a 40% decrease in sparsely wooded pasture turfs, and none in densely wooded ones. Similarly, unwooded pasture turfs experienced a 30% loss of species, advanced (by 30 days) phenological development, and a mid-season senescence due to drought stress, while no such effects were recorded for the other land-use types. The observed contrasting effects of climate change across the pasture-woodland landscape have important implications for future decades. The reduced impact of climate change on wooded pastures as compared to unwooded ones should promote the sustainable land use of wooded pastures by maintaining low management intensity and a sparse forest canopy, which buffer the immediate impacts of climate change on herbaceous vegetation.

  11. Comparison of Methods for Prolonging Green Period of Northern Turf Grass%北方草坪延长绿期的方法比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚静; 徐小洲; 秦一统; 张丽娟

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis the reasons of northern lawn withered and yellow in winter,the effects of different methods on prolonging green period of turf grass were compared from the following aspectslawn management of water and fertilizer,coverage,plant growth regulators,application of new material and green agent,in order to provide reference for improving the ornamental value of turf grass in winter.%通过分析冬季北方草坪枯黄的原因,从草坪水肥管理、覆盖、植物生长调节剂、新型材料和增绿剂的应用等方面比较不同方法延长草坪绿期的影响,以期为提高草坪冬季观赏价值研究提供借鉴和参考。

  12. Research on Breeding Traits of Turf Bamboo by ~(137)Cs γ-radiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    For the purpose of breeding new and fine varieties of turf bamboo, 5 turf bamboo species (Sasa pygmaea, Indocalamus decorus, I. latifolius, Shibataea chinensis, and S. fortune) were radiated through 137Cs γ-ray in tissue cultures at different radiation dose. It was shown that: 1) Four species of turf bamboo were sensitive to radiation, low dose radiation had no effect on bud germination, high dose radiation delayed bud germination; 2) Radiation at 5 and 10 Gy had not impact on shoot emergence, but radiation...

  13. 草坪景观的色彩与工程技术研究——以西安国际高尔夫球场为例%Study on color and engineering of turf landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王太春; 段森宇; 瞿燕花

    2012-01-01

      草坪是城市景观中的重要组成部分,它不仅为市民提供观赏休闲的场地,也是城市体育设施如足球场、高尔夫球场、滑草场、棒球场等的场地材料,更为重要的是具有吸附尘土、保水、吸热、吸收二氧化碳、释放氧气等多种生态功能。各种草坪的色彩在各个季节中呈现不同的微妙变化,通过不同的管理技术还可以营造出不同的纹理和色彩变化供人观赏,经常在电视高尔夫球、足球比赛中看到条状、格状的草坪花纹,令人赏心悦目。文章以西安亚建国际高尔夫俱乐部的球场为例,阐述冷季型草坪色彩工程营造和管理技术的运用。为类似草坪工程提供参考和借鉴。%  Turf plays very important role in cityscape. It can be used not only as material of cityscape, also used in some sport fields such as golf Course, football pitch and so on. Specially, turf has important ecological functions: decreasing the dust, absorbing CO2, lowering the temperature, and releasing O2. Turf color, turf decorative pattern are important factors in making turf landscape. This pa-per introduced the techniques in making turf color, turf decorative pattern and management as the Xi'an international golf course ex-ample which can be referred for the same or similar turf engineering.

  14. The Study on Musculoskeletal Symptoms and it's Related Factors in Radio-Technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyang Seob; Han, Man Seok [Dept. of Radiology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    In order to study the occurrence of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders of radio-technologists employed at metropolitan general hospitals and the factors that influence such occurrence, standardized questionnaire by NIOSH that was modified and supplemented to be suitable for conditions in Korea was used. Answers collected from 143 radio-technologists in two weeks from June 13, 2007 were analyzed and the results are as follows. Factor that influence symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders by area were analyzed through multiple logistic regression analysis and the results found that in the neck area, risk increased as the burdening work category 2(Korea ministry of labor)(OR=3.94) and burdening work category 9(Korea ministry of labor)(OR=4.72) increased. In the shoulder region, risk increased as burdening work category 2(Korea ministry of labor)(OR=5.36), burdening work category 7(Korea ministry of labor)(OR=3.90), and burdening work category 9 (Korea ministry of labor)(OR=5.76) increased. In the arm/hand/wrist regions, risk increased as burdening work category 2 (Korea ministry of labor) (OR=6.91), and burdening work category 9 (Korea ministry of labor)(OR=3.76) increased. In the lower back region, risk increased as burdening work category 2 (Korea ministry of labor) (OR=3.06), and burdening work category 8 (Korea ministry of labor)(OR=8.14) increased. In the leg/knees/foot regions, risk increased as burdening work category 2 (Korea ministry of labor) (OR=3.63), and burdening work category 9 (Korea ministry of labor)(OR=2.96) increased. Conclusively, in factors that influence musculoskeletal disorder symptoms in radio-technologists, influence of subjective health conditions, total work experience, experience in current division, and burdening work category 2, 7, 8, and 9 (Korea ministry of labor) were most significant. Therefore, for preventive management, in addition to ergonomic and educational intervention for correcting improper posture during work, efforts for

  15. An Inquiry into Educational Technologists' Conceptions of Their Philosophies of Teaching and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanuka, Heather; Smith, Erika E.; Kelland, Jennifer H.

    2013-01-01

    It has been suggested that when we know our philosophy of teaching and technology we then have the ability to articulate not only what we are doing as educational technologists, but what we want to achieve with the technologies, and why. And while most educational technologists would agree that knowing our philosophical orientations is important,…

  16. Analysis of the effect of leadership and organizational culture on the organizational effectiveness of radiological technologist's working environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, J.H.; Kim, C.S. [Department of Radiological Science, College of Health sciences, Catholic University of Pusan, Bugok 3-Dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 607-757 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, J.M., E-mail: donald@cup.ac.kr [Department of Computer Education, Graduate School, Korea University, Anam-dong Seongbuk - gu, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-08-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present ideas to upgrade job performance and improve organizational management by analyzing leadership aspects and organizational cultures of radiological technologist organizations. Method: A questionnaire was used to collect data from 261 radiological technologists working in the city of Busan. Then, SPSS/PC + Win 13 was used to statistically analyze the collected data. One-way ANOVA was adopted to test differences among groups, and multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the effect of organizational culture and leadership upon organizational effectiveness. Results: First, it was found that radiological technologists stressed consensus most among the 4 types of organizational culture and regarded core transformational leadership as the right type of leadership. Second, regarding the relationship between leadership and organizational effectiveness, transformational leadership had the highest influence upon organizational effectiveness. Third, as for the relationship between organizational culture and organizational effectiveness, it was found that a developmental culture has the highest influence upon organizational effectiveness, followed by a culture of consensus. Conclusion: If transformational leadership and consensual culture are used properly for upgrading job performance in the organization, conflicts among radiological technologists might be reduced, thereby enhancing organizational effectiveness.

  17. Off site transport of fungicides with snowmelt and rainfall runoff from golf course fairway turf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesticides associated with the turfgrass industry have been detected in storm runoff and surface waters of urban watersheds; inferring contaminant contributions from residential, urban, and recreational sources. Golf course turf often requires multiple applications of pesticides at rates that exceed...

  18. Hall et al., 2016 Artificial Turf Surrogate Surface Methods Paper Data File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Mercury dry deposition data quantified via static water surrogate surface (SWSS) and artificial turf surrogate surface (ATSS) collectors. This dataset is associated...

  19. 76 FR 58520 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Cancer Risk in U.S. Radiologic Technologists: Fourth Survey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    .... Radiologic Technologists: Fourth Survey (NCI) SUMMARY: In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c... review and approval. Proposed Collection: Title: Cancer Risk in U.S. Radiologic Technologists: Fourth... a fourth cohort follow-up survey in an ongoing cohort study of U.S. Radiologic Technologists...

  20. 76 FR 72956 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Cancer Risk in U.S. Radiologic Technologists: Fourth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... U.S. Radiologic Technologists: Fourth Survey (NCI) Summary: Under the provisions of section 3507(a... control number. Proposed Collection: Title: Cancer Risk in U.S. Radiologic Technologists: Fourth Survey... a fourth cohort follow-up survey in an ongoing cohort study of U.S. Radiologic Technologists...

  1. 42 CFR Appendix F to Part 75 - Standards for Licensing Radiographers, Nuclear Medicine Technologists, and Radiation Therapy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., App. F Appendix F to Part 75—Standards for Licensing Radiographers, Nuclear Medicine Technologists... licensed as Radiographers, Nuclear Medicine Technologists, or Radiation Therapy Technologists. 2. Licenses... radiography, nuclear medicine technology, or radiation therapy technology. 2. Special eligibility to take...

  2. Turf algal epiphytes metabolically induce local pH increase, with implications for underlying coralline algae under ocean acidification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Short, J.A.; Pedersen, Ole; Kendrick, G.A.

    2015-01-01

    The presence of epiphytic turf algae may modify the effects of ocean acidification on coralline algal calcification rates by altering seawater chemistry within the diffusive boundary layer (DBL) above coralline algal crusts. We used microelectrodes to measure the effects of turf algal epiphytes...... was more pronounced under elevated CO2. We suggest that increases in seawater CO2 under ocean acidification conditions may drive an increase in the abundance of epiphytic turf algae, consequently modifying the chemistry within the DBL. Thus, the effect of epiphytic turf algae on microscale pH is striking...

  3. The number of Japanese radiologic technologists will be increased in 40 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araseki, Miwa; Yokooka, Yuki; Ishikawa, Tomoki; Ogasawara, Katsuhiko

    2013-07-01

    It is essential to predict the long-term supply and demand for the number of radiologic technologists as medical resources. However, it is difficult to predict the number of Japanese radiologic technologists due to complex and intertwining factors. Our purpose in this study was to predict the future number of radiologic technologists using the concept of system dynamics (SD), and to clarify the effects of relevant factors. In order to estimate the number of Japanese radiologic technologists, we constructed a flow diagram using the concept of SD. We simulated the number of radiologic technologists for the following 4 cases: maintaining the status quo, a change in the pass rate for the national examination, a change in the post-graduate employment rate, and a change in the rate of continuing education. The result for the predicted number of radiologic technologists was 50,509 in 20 years, which is 4,394 (9.5%) more than the present number, and 50,166 in 40 years, which is 4,051 (8.8%) more than the present number. For the factors influencing the number of technologists, the influence of the pass rate on the national examination and that of the rate for post-graduate employment was larger than that of the rate of continuing education in graduate school. The number of Japanese radiologic technologists will increase until 2033 and decrease until 2042, and it does not change after 2042 in case of maintaining the status quo. Implementing the concept of SD allowed us easily to clarify the factors influencing the predicted number of radiologic technologists.

  4. Principles of Flow and Transport in Turfgrass Profiles, and consequences for management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ritsema, C.J.; Dekker, L.W.; Dam, van J.C.; Oostindie, K.

    2004-01-01

    Sport turfs require specific soil and water management strategies to achieve optimal sport turf performance and grass quality. In this study the know-how of flow and transport mechanisms in turfgrass porous media is highlighted under drought conditions when water repellency cause preferential flow.

  5. Facial exposure dose assessment during intraoral radiography by radiological technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Hwan; Yang, Han Joon [Dept. of International Radiological Science, Hallym University of Graduate Studies, Chuncheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    The study examined the changes in the decreased facial exposure dose for radiological technologists depending on increased distance between the workers and the X-ray tube head during intraoral radiography. First, the facial phantom similar to the human tissues was manufactured. The shooting examination was configured to the maxillary molars for adults (60 kVp, 10 mA, 50 msec) and for children (60 kVp, 10 mA, 20 msec), and the chamber was fixed where the facial part of the radiation worker would be placed using the intraoral radiography equipment. The distances between the X-ray tube head and the phantom were set to 10 cm, 15 cm, 20 cm, 25 cm, 30 cm, 35 cm, and 40 cm. The phantom was radiated 20 times with each examination condition and the average scattered doses were examined. The rate at the distance of 40 cm decreased by about 92.6% to 7.43% based on the scattered rays radiated at the distance of 10 cm under the adult conditions. The rate at the distance of 40 cm decreased by about 97.6% to 2.58% based on the scattered rays radiated at the distance of 10 cm under the children conditions. Protection from the radiation exposure was required during the dental radiographic examination.

  6. Persistence of Overseeded Cool-Season Grasses in Bermudagrass Turf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Serensits

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cool-season grass species are commonly overseeded into bermudagrass turf for winter color. When the overseeded grass persists beyond the spring; however, it becomes a weed. The ability of perennial ryegrass, Italian (annual ryegrass, intermediate ryegrass, and hybrid bluegrass to persist in bermudagrass one year after seeding was determined. Perennial ryegrass, intermediate ryegrass, and Italian ryegrass produced acceptable ground cover in the spring after fall seeding. Hybrid bluegrass did not establish well, resulting in unacceptable cover. Perennial ryegrass generally persisted the most one year after seeding, either because of summer survival of plants or because of new germination the following fall. Plant counts one year after seeding were greater in the higher seeding rate treatment compared to the lower seeding treatment rate of perennial ryegrass, suggesting new germination had occurred. Plant counts one year after seeding plots with intermediate ryegrass or Italian ryegrass were attributed primarily to latent germination and not summer survival. Applications of foramsulfuron generally did not prevent overseeded species stand one year after seeding, supporting the conclusion of new germination. Although quality is less with intermediate ryegrass compared to perennial ryegrass, it transitions out easier than perennial ryegrass, resulting in fewer surviving plants one year later.

  7. UniSkilling up medical laboratory technologists for higher roles in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To date the educational system for medical laboratory technologists in Uganda has ... Data were analysed using qualitative and quantitative methods. Results: A response rate of 83% was recorded; 96% agreed that the programme was ...

  8. The effects of nutrient enrichment and herbivore abundance on the ability of turf algae to overgrow coral in the Caribbean

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeij, M.J.A.; van Moorselaar, I.; Engelhard, S.; Hörnlein, C.; Vonk, S.M.; Visser, P.M.

    2010-01-01

    Turf algae are multispecies communities of small marine macrophytes that are becoming a dominant component of coral reef communities around the world. To assess the impact of turf algae on corals, we investigated the effects of increased nutrients (eutrophication) on the interaction between the Cari

  9. Effect of light and nutrient availability on the release of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by Caribbean turf algae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mueller, B.; den Haan, J.; Visser, P.M.; Vermeij, M.J.A.; van Duyl, F.C.

    2016-01-01

    Turf algae increasingly dominate benthic communities on coral reefs. Given their abundance and high dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release rates, turf algae are considered important contributors to the DOC pool on modern reefs. The release of photosynthetically fixed carbon as DOC generally, but not

  10. Football Injuries Occurring on Natural Grass and Tartan Turf. A Comparison Study Covering 17 Years at the University of Wisconsin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keene, J. S.; And Others

    A longitudinal study of university football players who played on Tartan Turf and/or natural grass was conducted to determine the types and severity of injuries occuring on the different field surfaces. Overall injury rates on Tartan Turf were found to be significantly lower than those sustained on natural grass. (JD)

  11. BONITATION ANALYSIS OF TURF ON CITY STADIUM IN WROCLAW IN THE SEASON OF EURO 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Wolski

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In 2012–2013, a study was conducted, consisting in a bonitation analysis of turf on the City Stadium which is located in the north-west part of Wroclaw and was a sport arena of the European Championships Euro 2012. The experiment was made with the complete randomisation method for 2 factors, on 5 dates in the growing season. On the turf of the pitch 12 points were selected, and at each of them an evaluation of utility features was performed, in 4 replications, on surface area of 1 m2. Based on the observation of the condition of the turf, during subsequent analyses it was found how the selection of the mixture of grasses, intensity of use and pratotechnic treatments affect the bonitation quality of sport turfgrass. The results are shown in relation to the whole object, separating each of the features under analysis.

  12. Profile of currently employed European Food Scientists and Technologists: Education, experience and skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Flynn

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The food & drink (F&D sector in Europe ranks low in innovation and the European F&D industry has been losing importance in the global market. The food professionals, i.e., food scientists and technologists (FSTs, may not be meeting the varied demands of the sector. Here, we identify education, experience and skills of current FSTs and compare  geographic regions and employment areas. Between 2009 and 2012, 287 questionnaires representing over 4000 FSTs were collected from employers in 16 countries. Analyses showed that more than 80% of FSTs have a university degree; but only in Industry in the Central European region are most degrees in food science/technology. More than half of FSTs, and almost 60% in the South, have less than 10 years’ experience. The most common FST job title is Quality Manager, but with several variations based on region and employment area. Among skills, the most common is Communicating; found in over 90% of FSTs in all regions and employment areas. Food Safety is the most common of the food sector-specific skills, present in more than 75% of FSTs, yet there are differences in food sector skills based on employment area. Overall, these data suggest similarities among currently employed food professionals throughout Europe; they are young and highly educated, but also differences, especially in their food sector-specific skills. An understanding of the current FST should contribute to the improvement of FST training and thus benefit the European food sector.

  13. Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling of Mechanical Behavior for Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Turfs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mohammad A1-Khedher; Charles Pezeshki; Jeanne McHale; GFritz Knorr

    2011-01-01

    Several characterization methods have been developed to investigate the mechanical and structural properties of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs). Establishing analytical models at nanoscale to interpret these properties is complicated due to the nonuniformity and irregularity in quality of as-grown samples.In this paper, we propose a new methodology to investigate the correlation between indentation resistance of multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) turfs, Raman spectra and the geometrical properties of the turf structure using adaptive neuro-fuzzy phenomenological modeling. This methodology yields a novel approach for modeling at the nanoscale by evaluating the effect of structural morphologies on nanomaterial properties using Raman spectroscopy.

  14. Influencing Factors of Radiological Technologist Image of Allied Health College Students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eom, Jong Kwon; Shin, Seong Gyu [Dept. of Radiology, Dong A University Medical Center, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    Perception level and social position of radiological technologist influence satisfaction level of their job. This study aims to use foundational data to improve perception level and social position of radiological technologists. We conducted interviews and a fill-out survey with 233 students who have been majoring in health-related fields at five universities and colleges located in Busan and who finished internship programs. The study analyzed 233 answer sheets excluding 17 inadequate answer sheets using T-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis with SAS9.1. The mean score of perception level was 3.33{+-}0.56. The personal image of radiological technologist showed the best score(3.43{+-}0.56) whereas the social image showed the worst(3.12{+-}0.79). According to the classification of the subject, the answer, 'radiological technologist is specialized job', showed the best score(3.99{+-}0.79). The answer 'radiological technologist suffered from less stress and workload than others when they work usually' showed the worst score(2.88{+-}0.98). According to the classification of each health-related major, the mean score of students who are a major in the department of the radiological technologist was the best(3.46{+-}0.46) and the students who are major in department of the physical therapy was the worst(3.24{+-}0.40). The radiological technologist have to effort to make positive image in the hospital. It is possible to be developed their knowledge and professionalism by cooperating between school and hospital as well as advertising with mass madia.

  15. 中国草坪业授权专利现状分析%Statistical Analysis of Granted Patent on Turf Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓冰; 谌金芳; 张利; 丁彦芬

    2014-01-01

    以中国知识产权局的专利数据库作为主要数据来源,对2013年9月之前的草坪业授权专利进行统计,分析其专利类型、地域分布特点、领先机构以及重点技术领域,为科技管理和专利发展提供基础性资料。结果显示:我国授权的草坪业专利发展不平衡,内容上外观设计多发明专利少、地理上以浙江和江苏省的专利为主;企业成为行业的主要力量但科研机构申请积极性低;草坪草管理机械设备、公共场所照明装置以及草坪草的研究成为草坪业专利优势技术领域。%Patent type、regional distribution、leading institutions and key technology areas were analyzed on the basis of lawny patent statistics from Intellectual Property Right of Chinese before September of 2013 in order to provide main data for the patent development.The results showed that turf science patents ′development was not balanced such as design patents were more than invention pa -tents and in East China Zhejiang province and Jiangsu province possed more granted patents ;Enterprises became the main force ofthe industry however the motivations of scientific researches institutions were not high ;Management mechanical equipments,publicplaces lighting devices and the researches of turf grass became the priority technological fields of turf industy .

  16. Analysis and comparison of modern methods of turf irrigation, verifying the capability of existing information systems through the use of numerical modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deangelis, Maria Laura; Facoetti, Nicola

    2016-04-01

    The automated irrigation of parks and gardens in public areas has become more and more a common practice due to the many benefits it brings in terms of improving the quality of urban green areas. Since this practice requires significant volumes of water, and this becomes increasingly scarce and expensive, it is necessary that the design criteria and use management aim at maximizing the irrigation efficiency. There are conflicting relationship and competition between trees and turf for several reasons. On one hand the different irrigation needs can cause excess water in the root zones of the trees, on the other hand the surface roots of trees and the shade created from the leaves by the dripline (projection line of the canopy) determine an unfavorable area to the growth of the turf because of light factor. It follows that for an optimal design of an irrigation system is necessary to separate the turf areas from trees, with the disadvantage of considerably complicate the geometries of the sprinklers. Each tree or group of trees need to be associated to a not irrigated area. This problem seems not to have a specifically bibliographical evidence, although there are operating standards primarily used to define buffer zones for trees from constructions (British Standard 5837:2005). Ideally, a high number of sprinklers is required to follow the shape of the areas perfectly. Hence, an additional step is necessary to simplify these geometries, identifying a correct scheme for the sprinkler spacing. Such a sequence of geometric operations has been tested on the "Indro Montanelli" park in Milan, obtaining a reduction of the irrigated area of 47% and a water saving of around 30%. We intend to continue the research applying the model to other parks, verifying its applicability in different situations.

  17. A comparison of personality attributes of science teachers and medical technologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazi, M. U.; Piper, Martha K.

    Undergraduate students who major in science make diverse career choices. Two such career choices are medical technologists and science teachers. One possible reason for science majors selecting different career choices might be attributed to varied personality dimensions. The purpose of this study was to identify a set of personality attributes that distinguish practicing medical technologists from practicing science teachers. The subjects of this study consisted of 83 medical technologists and 57 science teachers. Eysenck Personality (EPI) was utilized to investigate the personality attributes of subjects in terms of Eysenck's personality variable of Extroversion-Introversion and Neuroticism-Stability. Vocational Preference Inventory was utilized to investigate the vocational personality profile of subjects in terms of Holland's classification of occupations and work environment. Data with EPI revealed that there was no significant difference between medical technologists and science teachers with respect to Eysenck's personality variable of extroversion. However, there was found a significant difference between the two groups with respect to Eysenck's personality variable of neuroticism. Data with VPI revealed that there was no significant difference between medical technologists and science teachers with respect to Eysenck's personality variable of extroversion. Both the groups were characterized by the personality profile of IAS (Intellectual-Artistic-Social). This profile was different from that required earlier in literature.

  18. Analysis of soil quality test methods for turf bed of golf course%高尔夫球场坪床土壤质量测试指标的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许赛; 宋桂龙

    2013-01-01

    坪床土壤作为球场草坪的基础,对于草坪质量及运动质量都至关重要。目前,国内高尔夫球场坪床土壤质量测试及反馈体系指标不成熟,球场管理者面对球场土壤中出现的一些问题,不能及时、有效的解决,影响球场的管理,也影响高尔夫产业的健康发展。通过对国内外高尔夫球场土壤测试指标状况的分析,提出了一些思考与建议。%As the basis of golf course turfgrass,the turf bed is very important to the turf quality and sports quality.At present,the test methods for soil quality of turf bed and feedback system are more confusing,and there is no mature model.When facing the soil problems,the golf course managers can not solve them timely and effectively,which can affect the golf course management,and also affect the healthy development of golf indus-try.So the comparison and analysis on the test methods were conducted in this paper in order to provide assis-tance.

  19. Removal of nitrogen by Algal Turf Scrubber Technology in recirculating aquaculture system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valeta, J.; Verdegem, M.C.J.

    2015-01-01

    Ongoing research in recirculation aquaculture focuses on evaluating and improving the purification potential of different types of filters. Algal Turf Scrubber (ATS) are special as they combine sedimentation and biofiltration. An ATS was subjected to high nutrient loads of catfish effluent to examin

  20. Removal of nitrogen by Algal Turf Scrubber Technology in recirculating aquaculture system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valeta, J.; Verdegem, M.C.J.

    2015-01-01

    Ongoing research in recirculation aquaculture focuses on evaluating and improving the purification potential of different types of filters. Algal Turf Scrubber (ATS) are special as they combine sedimentation and biofiltration. An ATS was subjected to high nutrient loads of catfish effluent to

  1. Identification, host range and infection process of Meloidogyne marylandi from turf grass in Israel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oka, Y.; Karssen, G.; Mor, M.

    2003-01-01

    A population of a root-knot nematode species was isolated from Zoysia japonica in a turf nursery in Israel. Measurements and morphology of the second-stage juveniles and adult females, including perineal pattern, indicated this nematode to be Meloidogyne marylandi. In addition, esterase (Est) and ma

  2. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf

    Science.gov (United States)

    The 7th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf, MBFT2012, was held in Salt Lake City, UT, USA, from 4-7 June 2012. One-hundred and fifteen researchers from around the world presented oral and poster formats relating to ten general topics: Genetic mechanisms and applic...

  3. Evaluation of health risks of playing sports on synthetic turf pitches with rubber granulate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oomen AG; de Groot GM; CPV; M&V

    2017-01-01

    New research by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) indicates that the health risk of playing sports on synthetic turf pitches with an infill of rubber granulate is virtually negligible. Therefore, it is considered safe for people to play sports on such pitches.

  4. [Undergraduate education of medical technologists to promote scientific and technological literacy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Akizawa, Hirotsugu

    2010-07-01

    It is becoming increasingly important for today's medical technologists to receive proper training on the safety of medical treatment and healthcare in order to accommodate the rapid changes and advancement in medical technology. In particular, because of the increase of hospital-acquired infections, the role of medical technologists involved in infection control has become much more important. In addition, particularly in Japan, the career options available to students graduating with a degree in medical technology have become much more diverse, ranging from research laboratories to clinical services; however, undergraduate education for medical technologists is limited. It is therefore deemed necessary for undergraduate students to be provided with adequate training from their universities by offering a wider selection of classes in this subject area. In this paper, we summarize our preliminary findings on the trial lessons that are offered to medical technology students in their microbiology class. These lessons are designed to enhance students' academic potential and to engage their interest.

  5. The 2011 nuclear medicine technology job analysis project of the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Dan; Hubble, William; Press, Bret A; Hall, Scott K; Michels, Ann D; Koenen, Roxanne; Vespie, Alan W

    2010-12-01

    The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) conducts periodic job analysis projects to update the content and eligibility requirements for all certification examinations. In 2009, the ARRT conducted a comprehensive job analysis project to update the content specifications and clinical competency requirements for the nuclear medicine technology examination. ARRT staff and a committee of volunteer nuclear medicine technologists designed a job analysis survey that was sent to a random sample of 1,000 entry-level staff nuclear medicine technologists. Through analysis of the survey data and judgments of the committee, the project resulted in changes to the nuclear medicine technology examination task list, content specifications, and clinical competency requirements. The primary changes inspired by the project were the introduction of CT content to the examination and the expansion of the content covering cardiac procedures.

  6. Surveying technologists: a novel method for establishing productivity standards in a clinical haematology laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jatoi, A; Jaromin, R; Grzybek, D; Nguyen, P L

    1997-01-01

    Personnel costs comprise the largest clinical laboratory expense. Yet standards to judge the productivity of personnel have not been established. A survey of the authors' own personnel was conducted to derive productivity standards in the Clinical Hematology Laboratory at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Technologists were asked how many white blood cell differentials they could perform in an eight-hour shift. Differential productivity was tracked before and after the survey. Of the respondents, 100 per cent failed to meet their own expectations of productivity. Nine technologists were tracked both before and after the survey was mailed and manifested a significant increase in productivity. These results suggest that technologists are objective in their assessment of their own productivity, that their opinions might be a resource for establishing productivity standards within the laboratory, and that such surveys may serve as motivational tools to augment productivity.

  7. Transformation of algal turf by echinoids and scarid fishes on French Polynesian coral reefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmelin-Vivien, Mireille L.; Peyrot-Clausade, Mireille; Romano, Jean-Claude

    1992-04-01

    The respective roles of regular echinoids and scarid fishes in the transformation of turf algae, the main food resource for reef herbivores, were investigated on French Polynesian coral reefs. The role of one species of parrotfish ( Scarus sordidus) was compared with that of four species of echinoids. The degree and ways of degradation of the algal matter were determined by the organic matter percentage, the composition of the sugar fraction, and the concentration and composition of chlorophylltype pigments as assayed by HPLC analysis. Chemical analyses were performed on anterior and posterior intestines for scarids, intestinal contents and faeces for echinoids, and on fresh algal turf as a control of initial food quality. A decrease in mean percentage of organic matter in gut content was observed from intestine (9.7%) to faeces (7%) in sea urchins, but not in parrotfishes. The total sugar fraction decreased from fresh algal turf (32% of total organic matter) to echinoid (28%) to scarid (18%) gut contents. The ratio of insoluble to soluble sugars (I/S ratios) was higher in echinoids (2.6) than in scarid gut contents (1.0). A decrease in the total pigment concentration was measured from fresh algal turf to echinoid and it was found to be even lower in scarid gut contents. Chromatograms showed that the composition of chlorophyll-type pigments in scarid intestines was very similar to fresh algal turf, with a dominance of native forms, mainly chlorophyll a and b. On the contrary, degraded pigment forms dominated in echinoids. The main degraded products were pheophorbides in sea urchins, and chlorophyllides in parrotfishes. These results provided evidence for differentiation in digestive processes occurring in the two types of grazers. Echinoids released higher degraded algal material than did scarids. Thus, these two types of grazers play different roles in the recycling of organic matter on coral reefs.

  8. Saudi regulations for the accreditation of sleep medicine physicians and technologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed S BaHammam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The professional content of sleep medicine has grown significantly over the past few decades, warranting the recognition of sleep medicine as an independent specialty. Because the practice of sleep medicine has expanded in Saudi Arabia over the past few years, a national regulation system to license and ascertain the competence of sleep medicine physicians and technologists has become essential. Recently, the Saudi Commission for Health Specialties formed the National Committee for the Accreditation of Sleep Medicine Practice and developed national accreditation criteria. This paper presents the newly approved Saudi accreditation criteria for sleep medicine physicians and technologists.

  9. Effects of various trampling stresses on turf characteristics and the natural recovery of Zoysia metrella%践踏胁迫对沟叶结缕草坪用性状的影响及其自然恢复能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马雪梅; 罗赣丰; 李德荣; 金雄; 程建峰

    2014-01-01

    , but there were few studies on trampling tolerance and natural recovery after trampling was seriously neglected. To provide some theoretical basis and practical references for the planting,management and maintenance of Z. metrella turf,the effects of various trampling stresses,including none (control),light,moderate and heavy trampling on the characteristics of Z.metrella turf established for 4 years and their natural recovery were stud-ied using artificial trampling.All trampling stresses significantly reduced turf characteristics in the order of turf height>turf coverage>turf density>aboveground biomass>length of the top third leaf.The effects of various trampling stresses on the turf characteristics were obviously different and moderate trampling could control turf height,decrease turf biomass and increase turf density.After 5 3 days of natural recovery,the trampled turfs gained some recovery,but the consequence of recovery was related to the turf characteristics and trampling in-tensity.Turf height after recovery was higher than that before trampling in the order of moderate trampling>light trampling>heavy trampling and was extremely significantly lower than that of the control.Turf height and coverage could recover to the original level before trampling and was best with moderate trampling.The length of the top third leaf could recover to 86.8%-93.5% of the original level and was extremely significantly higher than that of the control.The aboveground biomass under moderate trampling recovered to 90.2% of the original level,while the aboveground biomass under moderate and heavy trampling recovered to above 1 1 5 .0%of the original levels,but they were extremely significantly lower than that of the control.Therefore,the dam-age of turf under light trampling was small and recovery to the original level was rapid.The short-time damage of turf under moderate trampling was serious and recovery to the original level was slow.Under heavy tramp-ling,the long-time damage to

  10. Information Technologist (The) - Vol 7, No 1 (2010)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... And Control In An Academic Library: Implications For Management And Policy ... The Internet By The Nigerian Institute For Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) Scientists ... A Study Of Internet Search Engines Usage By Undergraduate Students In ...

  11. Skilling up medical laboratory technologists for higher roles in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-03

    Dec 3, 2011 ... tion to manage pathology laboratories in East Africa and contribute intel- ... of the stakeholders was undertaken using a self-administered question- ... and Ethics Committee of the Kampala International University, Western.

  12. 42 CFR 493.1491 - Technologist qualifications on or before February 28, 1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Personnel for Nonwaived Testing Laboratories Performing High Complexity Testing § 493.1491 Technologist qualifications on or before February 28, 1992. In order to qualify as high complexity testing personnel under... at least 1 year and of such quality as to provide him or her with education and training in medical...

  13. Analyzing the Roles, Activities, and Skills of Learning Technologists: A Case Study from City University London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Olivia; Sumner, Neal

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on a case study carried out at City University London into the role of learning technologists. The article examines how the role developed by providing points of comparison with a report on the career development of learning technology staff in UK universities in 2001. This case study identified that learning technologists…

  14. Analyzing the Roles, Activities, and Skills of Learning Technologists: A Case Study from City University London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Olivia; Sumner, Neal

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on a case study carried out at City University London into the role of learning technologists. The article examines how the role developed by providing points of comparison with a report on the career development of learning technology staff in UK universities in 2001. This case study identified that learning technologists…

  15. Occupational Analysis: Hospital Radiologic Technologist. The UCLA Allied Health Professions Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeder, Glenn D.; And Others

    In an effort to meet the growing demand for skilled radiologic technologists and other supportive personnel educated through the associate degree level, a national survey was conducted as part of the UCLA Allied Health Professions Project to determine the tasks performed by personnel in the field and lay the groundwork for development of…

  16. Multimedia Competencies for an Educational Technologist: A Survey of Professionals and Job Announcement Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritzhaupt, Albert; Martin, Florence; Daniels, Katharine

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist via a job announcements analysis and survey of professionals within the field. A conceptual framework is provided involving the new definition of the field of educational technology and associated knowledge, skill, and ability statements. Two hundred five unique job…

  17. Patient comfort from the technologist perspective: factors to consider in mammographic imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendat CC

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Christina C Mendat,1 Dave Mislan,2 Lisa Hession-Kunz2 1Human Factors MD, Charlotte, NC, 2Hologic Inc., Marlborough, MA, USA Abstract: A sample size of 280 certified mammography technologists were surveyed to understand what factors affect patient discomfort during breast imaging. Given mammography technologists’ level of patient involvement, they are uniquely positioned to observe factors that affect patient comfort. The findings suggest that according to technologists, multiple factors, including patient ethnicity, breast density, previous biopsy and lumpectomy experience, as well as psychological factors, impact breast discomfort during mammography. Additionally, with respect to imaging protocols, technologists attributed 80% of moderate-to-extreme discomfort to “length of compression time” (27% and “compression force” (53%. Technologists also attributed “pinching at chest wall” and “hard edges of breast platform” to “very high” discomfort significantly more times (P<0.05 than “coolness and edges of paddle”. These findings confirm some of what has been reported to date and challenge other findings. Given that recent decline in breast cancer mortality has been attributed to improvements in early detection and treatment, approaches to reduce discomfort should be considered in order to promote screening compliance. Although more research is needed, it is apparent that the patient experience of comfort and pain during mammography is an area warranting increased research and solutions. Keywords: mammography, discomfort, pain, density, compliance, breast

  18. Designing a Visual Factors-Based Screen Display Interface: The New Role of the Graphic Technologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faiola, Tony; DeBloois, Michael L.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the role of the graphic technologist in preparing computer screen displays for interactive videodisc systems, and suggests screen design guidelines. Topics discussed include the grid system; typography; visual factors research; color; course mobility through branching and software menus; and a model of course integration. (22 references)…

  19. Technologist radiation exposure in routine clinical practice with 18F-FDG PET.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillet, Benjamin; Quentin, Pierre; Waultier, Serge; Bourrelly, Marc; Pisano, Pascale; Mundler, Olivier

    2005-09-01

    The use of 18F-FDG for clinical PET studies increases technologist radiation dose exposure because of the higher gamma-radiation energy of this isotope than of other conventional medical gamma-radiation-emitting isotopes. Therefore, 18F-FDG imaging necessitates stronger radiation protection requirements. The aims of this study were to assess technologist whole-body and extremity exposure in our PET department and to evaluate the efficiency of our radiation protection devices (homemade syringe drawing device, semiautomated injector, and video tracking of patients). Radiation dose assessment was performed for monodose as well as for multidose 18F-FDG packaging with both LiF thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) and electronic personal dosimeters (ED) during 5 successive 18F-FDG PET steps (from syringe filling to patient departure). The mean +/- SD total effective doses received by technologists (n = 50) during all of the working steps were 3.24 +/- 2.1 and 3.01 +/- 1.4 microSv, respectively, as measured with ED and TLD (345 +/- 84 MBq injected). These values were confirmed by daily TLD technologist whole-body dose measurements (2.98 +/- 1.8 microSv; 294 +/- 78 MBq injected; n = 48). Finger irradiation doses during preparation of single 18F-FDG syringes were 204.9 +/- 24 and 198.4 +/- 23 microSv with multidose vials (345 +/- 93 MBq injected) and 127.3 +/- 76 and 55.9 +/- 47 microSv with monodose vials (302 +/- 43 MBq injected) for the right hand and the left hand, respectively. The protection afforded by the semiautomated injector, estimated as the ratio of the doses received by TLD placed on the syringe shield and on the external face of the injector, was near 2,000. These results showed that technologist radiation doses in our PET department were lower than those reported in the literature. This finding may be explained by the use of a homemade syringe drawing device, a semiautomated injector, and patient video tracking, allowing a shorter duration of contact between

  20. Landscape Management: Field Operator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Carole A.

    These materials for a six-unit course were developed to prepare secondary and postsecondary students for entry-level positions in landscape management. The six units are on orientation, hand tools, light power equipment, water and watering techniques, planting and maintaining plant beds, and establishing and maintaining turf. The first section is…

  1. Elite football on artificial turf versus natural grass: Movement patterns, technical standards, and player impressions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Helena; Ekblom, Björn; Krustrup, Peter

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine the movement patterns, ball skills, and the impressions of Swedish elite football players during competitive games on artificial turf and natural grass. Time - motion analyses (36 observations) and technical analyses (16 team observations) were performed...... and 72 male and 21 female players completed a questionnaire. No differences were observed between artificial turf and natural grass in terms of total distance covered (mean 10.19 km, s = 0.19 vs. 10.33 km, s = 0.23), high-intensity running (1.86 km, s = 0.10 vs. 1.87 km, s = 0.14), number of sprints (21......) and midfield-to-midfield passes (148, s = 11 vs. 107, s = 8) (both P male players reported a negative overall impression (8.3, s = 0.2), poorer ball control (7.3, s = 0...

  2. Raising medium function of environmental engineering by usinglife rubbish to produce carpet turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Abundant material with low cost was utilized to raise medium function of producing carpet tutfby life rubbish. The results showed that the material used could strikingly raise water retentiveness and ventilating of medium. Through the determination of the effect of each growth index of several turfgrass, emergence density, plant height, root growth and individual plant's net primary production were all positively related to the materials amount mixed, showing that the mixture of material could promote turfgrass growth, further proving that the material used raised medium function of producing carpet turf by life rubbish and made most use of life rubbish resources. It provided a scientific base is for application of environmental engineering by using life rubbish to producecarpet turf. So the study had both important theoretic meaning and applied value.

  3. Is genetic engineering ever going to take off in forage, turf and bioenergy crop breeding?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zeng-Yu; Brummer, E Charles

    2012-11-01

    Genetic engineering offers the opportunity to generate unique genetic variation that is either absent in the sexually compatible gene pool or has very low heritability. The generation of transgenic plants, coupled with breeding, has led to the production of widely used transgenic cultivars in several major cash crops, such as maize, soybean, cotton and canola. The process for regulatory approval of genetically engineered crops is slow and subject to extensive political interference. The situation in forage grasses and legumes is more complicated. Most widely grown forage, turf and bioenergy species (e.g. tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, switchgrass, alfalfa, white clover) are highly self-incompatible and outcrossing. Compared with inbreeding species, they have a high potential to pass their genes to adjacent plants. A major biosafety concern in these species is pollen-mediated transgene flow. Because human consumption is indirect, risk assessment of transgenic forage, turf and bioenergy species has focused on their environmental or ecological impacts. Although significant progress has been made in genetic modification of these species, commercialization of transgenic cultivars is very limited because of the stringent and costly regulatory requirements. To date, the only transgenic forage crop deregulated in the US is 'Roundup Ready' (RR) alfalfa. The approval process for RR alfalfa was complicated, involving several rounds of regulation, deregulation and re-regulation. Nevertheless, commercialization of RR alfalfa is an important step forward in regulatory approval of a perennial outcrossing forage crop. As additional transgenic forage, turf and bioenergy crops are generated and tested, different strategies have been developed to meet regulatory requirements. Recent progress in risk assessment and deregulation of transgenic forage and turf species is summarized and discussed.

  4. Effect of turf on the cutting movement of female football players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerda Strutzenberger

    2014-12-01

    Conclusion: These findings provide some support for the use of AT in female football, with no evidence to suggests that there is an increased risk of injury when performing on an artificial turf. The ankle response was less clear and further research is warranted. This initial study provides a platform for more detailed analysis, and highlights the importance of exploring the biomechanical changes in performance and injury risk with the introduction of AT.

  5. Investigating the experiences of New Zealand MRI technologists: Exploring intra-orbital metallic foreign body safety practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacobs, Philippa K [River Radiology, Victoria Clinic, 750 Victoria Street, Hamilton, Waikato (New Zealand); Henwood, Suzanne [Unitec - Medical Imaging, Unitec Ratanui Street Henderson, Auckland (New Zealand); River Radiology, Victoria Clinic, 750 Victoria Street, Hamilton, Waikato (New Zealand)

    2013-12-15

    Qualitative research is lacking regarding the experiences of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technologists and their involvement in workplace safety practices. This article provides a gateway to explore, describe and document experiences of MRI technologists in New Zealand (NZ) pertaining to intra-orbital metallic foreign body (IMFB) safety practices. This phenomenological study describes the experiences of seven MRI technologists all with a minimum of 5 years' NZ work experience in MRI. The MRI technologists were interviewed face-to-face regarding their professional IMFB workplace experiences in order to explore historical, current and potential issues. Findings demonstrated that aspects of organization and administration are fundamentally important to MRI technologists. Varying levels of education and knowledge, as well as experience and skills gained, have significantly impacted on MRI technologists’ level of confidence and control in IMFB practices. Participants’ descriptions of their experiences in practice regarding decision-making capabilities further highlight the complexity of these themes. A model was developed to demonstrate the interrelated nature of the themes and the complexity of the situation in totality. Findings of this study have provided insight into the experiences of MRI technologists pertaining to IMFB safety practices and highlighted inconsistencies. It is hoped that these findings will contribute to and improve the level of understanding of MRI technologists and the practices and protocols involved in IMFB safety screening. The scarcity of available literature regarding IMFB safety practices highlights that more research is required to investigate additional aspects that could improve MRI technologists’ experiences.

  6. Interventional radiography and mortality risks in U.S. radiologic technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linet, Martha S.; Freedman, D.M.; Sigurdson, Alice J.; Doody, Michele M. [National Cancer Institute, Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Bethesda, MD (United States); Hauptmann, Michael [National Cancer Institute, Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Bethesda, MD (United States); Alexander, Bruce H. [University of Minnesota, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Miller, Jeremy [Information Management Services, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States)

    2006-09-15

    With the exponential increase in minimally invasive fluoroscopically guided interventional radiologic procedures, concern has increased about the health effects on staff and patients of radiation exposure from these procedures. There has been no systematic epidemiologic investigation to quantify serious disease risks or mortality. To quantify all-cause, circulatory system disease and cancer mortality risks in U.S. radiologic technologists who work with interventional radiographic procedures, we evaluated mortality risks in a nationwide cohort of 88,766 U.S. radiologic technologists (77% female) who completed a self-administered questionnaire during 1994-1998 and were followed through 31 December 2003. We obtained information on work experience, types of procedures (including fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures), and protective measures plus medical, family cancer history, lifestyle, and reproductive information. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to compute relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Between completion of the questionnaire and the end of follow-up, there were 3,581 deaths, including 1,209 from malignancies and 979 from circulatory system diseases. Compared to radiologic technologists who never or rarely performed or assisted with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures, all-cause mortality risks were not increased among those working on such procedures daily. Similarly, there was no increased risk of mortality resulting from all circulatory system diseases combined, all cancers combined, or female breast cancer among technologists who daily performed or assisted with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures. Based on small numbers of deaths (n=151), there were non-significant excesses (40%-70%) in mortality from cerebrovascular disease among technologists ever working with these procedures. The absence of significantly elevated mortality risks in radiologic technologists reporting the

  7. Color Blindness Defect and Medical Laboratory Technologists: Unnoticed Problems and the Care for Screening

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein Dargahi; Nahid Einollahi; Nasrin Dashti

    2010-01-01

    "nColor -blindness is the inability to perceive differences between some color that other people can distinguish. Using a literature search , the results indicate the prevalence of color vision deficiency in the medical profession and its on medical skills. Medical laboratory technicians and technologists employees should also screen for color blindness. This research aimed to study color blindness prevalence among Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees and Students in Teh...

  8. Standing at the crossroads: Identity and recognition of the Applied Science Technologist in British Columbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roemer, Thomas

    Modern technical education in British Columbia has been affected by two societal trends: in industry, engineering technology evolved as a discipline to bridge the increasing chasm between the process-oriented skill sets of tradespersons/technicians, and the declarative knowledge focus of engineering; in education, the provincial college and institute system was created to address the need for a new post-secondary credential situated between trades certificates and university degrees. The Applied Science Technologist arguably forms the intersection of these two concepts. Almost forty years after its inception, it is timely to ask if the original model has matured into a distinct occupational category in industry, education, and in the public mind. The thesis proposes three environments, the Formative, Market and Public Domain, respectively. Interviews, surveys and personal experience afforded insights into the dynamics of these domains with respect to a fledgling occupational category, while the socio-philosophical concepts of culture, habitus and social imaginary provide the tools to interpret the findings. The thesis postulates that an emerging occupational category will not only challenge existing cultures and habitus, but that over time it will influence the imaginaries of each domain and society as a whole. Ultimately, the occupational category will be truly successful only when the general public is able to distinguish it from related disciplines. Charles Taylor's writings on multiculturalism are used to discuss identity and recognition of the Applied Science Technologist in each domain while Pierre Bourdieu's perspectives on the existence of habitus and self-proliferating elites form the framework to examine the relationships between technologists and engineers. Taylor's theory of multiple concurrent social imaginaries guides the comparison of divergent expectations among academic, career and vocational instructors at British Columbia's colleges. The thesis

  9. Emerging commons within artisanal fisheries. The Chilean territorial use rights in fisheries (TURFs within a broader coastal landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria L. Gallardo Fernández

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Territorial User Rights in Fisheries (TURFs have spread in Chile, since the late 1990s, in the form of commons institutions. TURFs are presented by some scholars as a social-ecological success; by others as showing economic and compliance problems. Studies looking at the material conditions in which fishers produce and reproduce their livelihoods, and in which TURFs emerge, are scarcer. Ostrom’s theory on the commons claims that certain collective action conditions have to be met to become thriving commons institutions. Our hypothesis is that while institutions are moulded by local material conditions, such as geographical location and social embeddedness, these impose challenges and constraints upon fishers influencing TURFs’ long-term viability. How are collective action conditions influenced when the new TURFs commons do not emerge in tabula rasa contexts but in occupied spaces? Do material conditions influence TURFs’ sustainability? This paper set out to explore these conditions. Huentelauquén’s and Guayacán’s TURFs (central-northern Chile were chosen, as they represent two extremes (rural-urban; on private property-on State/municipal property; mainly diver – mainly fisher contexts in which TURFs have emerged. We mainly used Participatory Rural Approach (PRA tools triangulated with other qualitative methods. This study shows that both social embeddedness (private/State lands, and geographical location (rural/urban matter, resulting in different access to the coast for different TURFs, thus determining some important differences between our cases in at least three relevant areas: entrance, social relations between the fishers’ organization (entitled the TURFs and the landowner (private or municipal/State and the existence or absence of fishing and general infrastructure. Competition for space among key actors seems to affect the process of acquiring a TURF as well as the conditions conductive to collective action. TURFs

  10. Unusual algal turfs associated with the rhodophyta Phyllophora crispa: Benthic assemblages along a depth gradient in the Central Mediterranean Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonifazi, Andrea; Ventura, Daniele; Gravina, Maria Flavia; Lasinio, Giovanna Jona; Belluscio, Andrea; Ardizzone, Gian Domenico

    2017-02-01

    Macroalgal assemblages dominated by the turf-forming alga Phyllophora crispa are described in detail for the first time in the Central Mediterranean Sea. This particular form of algal growth, which comprises an upper mixed layer of multiple algal species with a basal stratum formed by entangled thalli of P. crispa, was observed for the first time in 2012 along the promontory of Punta del Lazzaretto (Giglio Island, Italy). In this study, this assemblage was analysed to document the diversity of macroalgae and invertebrate associated communities and assess their distribution along a depth gradient. The algae forming turfs grow directly on the rock at low depth up to 10-15 m depth, while they grow above P. crispa from 15 m to 35 m depth, resulting in luxuriant beds covering up to 100% of the substrate. Multivariate analysis revealed clear differences regarding algae and invertebrate species richness and abundance between shallow and deep strata because of the dominance of Phyllophora crispa at depths greater than 20 m. The long laminal thalli of P. crispa favoured sessile fauna colonization, while the vagile species were principally linked to the architectural complexity of the turf layer created by the P. crispa, which increased the microhabitat diversity and favoured sediment deposition within the turf layer. The complex structures of these turf assemblages and their widespread distribution along the whole coast of the island suggest a well-established condition of the communities linked to the high natural sedimentation rate observed in the area.

  11. Competency assessment of microbiology medical laboratory technologists in Ontario, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Marc; Fleming, Christine Ann

    2014-08-01

    Accreditation in Ontario, Canada, requires that licensed clinical laboratories participate in external quality assessment (also known as proficiency testing) and perform competency evaluation of their staff. To assess the extent of ongoing competency assessment practices, the Quality Management Program--Laboratory Services (QMP-LS) Microbiology Committee surveyed all 112 licensed Ontario microbiology laboratories. The questionnaire consisted of a total of 21 questions that included yes/no, multiple-choice, and short-answer formats. Participants were asked to provide information about existing programs, the frequency of testing, what areas are evaluated, and how results are communicated to the staff. Of the 111 responding laboratories, 6 indicated they did not have a formal evaluation program since they perform only limited bacteriology testing. Of the remaining 105 respondents, 87% perform evaluations at least annually or every 2 years, and 61% include any test or task performed, whereas 16% and 10% focus only on problem areas and high-volume complex tasks, respectively. The most common methods of evaluation were review of external quality assessment (EQA) challenges, direct observation, and worksheet review. With the exception of one participant, all communicate results to staff, and most take remedial action to correct the deficiencies. Although most accredited laboratories have a program to assess the ongoing competency of their staff, the methods used are not standardized or consistently applied, indicating that there is room for improvement. The survey successfully highlighted potential areas for improvement and allowed the QMP-LS Microbiology Committee to provide guidance to Ontario laboratories for establishing or improving existing microbiology-specific competency assessment programs.

  12. Soil Carbon and Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio Change under Tree Canopy, Tall Grass, and Turf Grass Areas of Urban Green Space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livesley, S J; Ossola, A; Threlfall, C G; Hahs, A K; Williams, N S G

    2016-01-01

    Soils in urban green spaces are an important carbon (C) store, but urban soils with a high carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio can also buffer N eutrophication from fertilizer use or atmospheric deposition. The influence of vegetation management practices on soil C cycling and C/N ratios in urban green spaces is largely unknown. In 2013, we collected replicate ( = 3) soil samples from tree canopy, tall grass, and short turf grass areas ( = 3) at four random plot locations ( = 4) established in 13 golf courses ( = 13). At each sample point, soil was separated into 0- to 0.1-, 0.1- to 0.2-, and 0.2- to 0.3-m depths (total = 1404). Linear mixed models investigated the relationships between soil properties, vegetation attributes, and green space age. Tree canopy soil was less compacted (1.07 g cm) than grassy areas (1.32 g cm). Similarly, tree canopy soil had mean C/N ratios of 17.2, as compared with between 14.2 and 15.3 in grassy areas. Soil properties in tree canopy areas were best explained by tree basal area and understory vegetation volume. Soil C/N increased with increasing understory vegetation, and the difference in soil C/N between tree canopy and short turf grass areas increased over time. The soil properties in tree canopy areas of urban green space mean they can increasingly buffer the localized use of N fertilizers and atmospheric N deposition. Managers of urban green spaces concerned about N pollution of groundwater and waterways could consider planting trees in suitable topographic locations and promoting understory vegetation and surface litter accumulation. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.

  13. Recent Development of Turf Grass Industry in China%近10年中国草坪业发展现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单华佳; 李梦璐; 孙彦; 周禾

    2013-01-01

    Turf grass industry stepped into a stage of comprehensive development with rapid economic development and accelerating urbanization of China. It became a new growth point of national economy for the greatly enriched boundary. The concept and industrial structure of turf grass industry were defined and discussed in this paper. The industrial developments in the past ten years were respectively summarized from market, production, service and scientific education system. Main tasks of turf grass industry development in the future were summed up respectively to include industry standard, enhancing industry management, strengthening education and scientific research, and improving scientific and technological output.%随着我国经济的快速发展和城市化进程的不断加速,国内草坪业在经历了起步、快速发展后逐渐进入全面发展的阶段.在不断的发展过程中,草坪业的内涵得到了极大的丰富,成为国民经济中新的增长点.本文首先界定了草坪业的概念,剖析了草坪业的构成;并从草坪建植体系、草坪产品体系、服务体系以及科研教育体系4个方面综述了近10年来中国草坪业的发展状况,分析10年间我国草坪业取得的成果和发展过程中存在的主要问题与不足,讨论了今后草坪业发展的重点,如:制定行业标准、加强行业管理、加强科研教育以及提高科技产出等.

  14. The Job Consciousness for Radiological Technologists in Korea, Canada, and Australia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Eun Ok; Kwon, Deok Mun; Park, Kwang Hun; Choi, Seung Yoon; Jung, Chung Hyun [Dept. of Radiologic Technology, Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Sang Il [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Chang Woo [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Severance Hospital Cancer Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-06-15

    This study attempts to provide basic information on overseas employment to the radiological technologists and students majoring in radiology in Korea who consider the overseas employment by investigating the job consciousness for radiological technologists in Canada and Australia which have a high level of interest for overseas employment and want to compare their status with that of Korean radiological technologists. This study was performed by visiting hospitals such as Prince George Regional Hospital, 1475 Edmonton Street, Prince George, BC, Canada on August 13, 2007, Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road Melbourne 3004, Australia on August 4, 2008, and other Korea hospitals that show the similar scale as Canada and Australia on September 10, 2007. The results were summarized as follows : 1. Differences were observed in this sexual composition, such as 18 males (90%) in Korea, 14 females (73.7%) in Canada, and 25 females in Australia (86.2%). 2. The item of 'aptitude' which is one of the most important criteria, showed the highest level in Korea, Canada, and Australia, and the second most considered item was 'salary'. 3. In the values in jobs, the items of 'economic self-sufficiency', 'recognized by others', and 'establishing a social position' represented high levels in Korea, and the items of 'like the job itself', 'establishing self-actualization', 'feel the meaning of life', and 'make new friends' showed high levels in Canada and Australia. 4. Regarding the item of 'a job is important as much as a marriage', 'Yes' showed high level in Korea, and 'No' showed high levels in Canada and Australia. 5. Radiological technologists in Korea demonstrated a low level in the job consciousness compared to those of Canada and Australia. Although this study shows some limitations for showing whole idea of radiological technologists due to the lack of the scope

  15. Dynamics of the nitrogen content in aboveground phytomass on the turf after fertilization of different forms of fertilizers

    OpenAIRE

    HRIC, Peter; Ján JANČOVIČ; Peter KOVÁR; Ľuboš VOZÁR

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this experiment was to find out dynamics of the nitrogen (N) content in aboveground phytomass on the turf after fertilization of different forms of fertilizers under non–irrigated conditions. The experiment was carried out in warm and dry conditions in the area of Nitra (Slovak Republic). There were included 7 treatments: 1. Without fertilization, 2. Saltpetre with dolomite, Superphosphate, Potassium salt, 3. Turf fertilizer 15–3–8 (+ 3MgO + 0.8Fe + 18S), 4. Slow release fertilizer...

  16. Microsystems technologist workforce development capacity and challenges in Central New Mexico.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborn, Thor D.

    2008-04-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has made major investments in microsystems-related infrastructure and research staff development over the past two decades, culminating most recently in the MESA project. These investment decisions have been made based in part upon the necessity for highly reliable, secure, and for some purposes, radiation-hardened devices and subsystems for safety and sustainability of the United States nuclear arsenal and other national security applications. SNL's microsystems development and fabrication capabilities are located almost entirely within its New Mexico site, rendering their effectiveness somewhat dependent on the depth and breadth of the local microsystems workforce. Consequently, the status and development capacity of this workforce has been seen as a key personnel readiness issue in relation to the maintenance of SNL's microsystems capabilities. For this reason SNL has supported the instantiation and development of the Southwest Center for Microsystems Education, an Advanced Technology Education center funded primarily by the National Science Foundation, in order to foster the development of local training capacity for microsystems technologists. Although the SCME and the associated Manufacturing Technology program at Central New Mexico Community College have developed an effective curriculum and graduated several highly capable microsystems technologists, the future of both the center and the degree program remain uncertain due to insufficient student enrollment. The central region of New Mexico has become home to many microsystems-oriented commercial firms. As the demands of those firms for technologists evolve, SNL may face staffing problems in the future, especially if local training capacity is lost.

  17. Research on Influencing Factors of the Science and Technology Innovation Ability of Agricultural Scientists and Technologists%农业科技人员科技创新能力影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚江林; 青平

    2012-01-01

    采取问卷调查获取研究数据的方法,对农业科技人员科技创新能力的影响因素进行了实证分析,结果显示农业科技人员科技创新能力与其教育背景、学术交往、成就动机密切相关;另外,科技人员所在单位的支持力度对于自变量与因变量之间的关系存在部分正向调节作用.因此,提出了强化农业科技人员科技创新能力的管理对策.%Based on the data obtained by questionnaire, the influencing factors of the innovation ability of agricultural science and technology of agricultural scientists and technologists was empirically analyzed. It was found that the educational background, academic communication and achievement motivation of agricultural scientists and technologists was closely related with their innovation ability. Furthermore, support from the working place had some positive influence on the relationship between independent and dependent variables. Accordingly, a management strategy for strengthening the innovation ability of a-gricultural science and technology of agricultural scientists and technologists was put forward.

  18. Turf algae-mediated coral damage in coastal reefs of Belize, Central America

    KAUST Repository

    Wild, Christian

    2014-09-16

    Many coral reefs in the Caribbean experienced substantial changes in their benthic community composition during the last decades. This often resulted in phase shifts from scleractinian coral dominance to that by other benthic invertebrate or algae. However, knowledge about how the related role of coral-algae contacts may negatively affect corals is scarce. Therefore, benthic community composition, abundance of algae grazers, and the abundance and character of coral-algae contacts were assessed in situ at 13 Belizean reef sites distributed along a distance gradient to the Belizean mainland (12–70 km): Mesoamerican Barrier Reef (inshore), Turneffe Atoll (inner and outer midshore), and Lighthouse Reef (offshore). In situ surveys revealed significantly higher benthic cover by scleractinian corals at the remote Lighthouse Reef (26–29%) when compared to the other sites (4–19%). The abundance of herbivorous fish and the sea urchin Diadema antillarum significantly increased towards the offshore reef sites, while the occurrence of direct coral-algae contacts consequently increased significantly with decreasing distance to shore. About 60% of these algae contacts were harmful (exhibiting coral tissue damage, pigmentation change, or overgrowth) for corals (mainly genera Orbicella and Agaricia), particularly when filamentous turf algae were involved. These findings provide support to the hypothesis that (turf) algae-mediated coral damage occurs in Belizean coastal, near-shore coral reefs.

  19. Turf battles in radiology: how to avoid/how to fight/how to win

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnyder, P.; Capasso, P.; Meuwly, J.Y. [Dept. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    1999-05-01

    Turf battles have always existed in radiology although recently, we have observed an increase in their numbers and sometimes in their virulence. The main reasons for this increase include the relative plethora of physicians especially in industrialized areas, and the rapid progress and development of medical technology and minimally invasive techniques. These turf battles risk interfering with the overall medical costs of local health care systems as they will inevitably lead to an increase in the concentration of complex medical devices controlled by different specialties which, in turn, will lead to an increase in number of invasive and noninvasive, diagnostic and therapeutic examinations. The only way that radiologists can hope to maintain control of today`s techniques will be if they are willing to offer qualitative expertise in their procedures with full clinical, academic and technological backing similar, or superior to that presented by our respective clinical and surgical colleagues. Furthermore,they should be fully involved in the decisional process and actual purchase of the technological equiment of their entire institution. (orig.) With 1 fig., 1 tab., 37 refs.

  20. 磷对华北地区狗牙根营养体建坪效果的影响%Effects of Phosphorous on Vegetative Establishment of Bermudagrass Turf in North China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李会彬; 赵玉靖; 王丽宏; 孟昭; 杨贤达

    2013-01-01

    To seek for the optimal nutrition management strategy,the effects of different phosphorous fertilizer rate on vegetative establishment of bermudagrass turf in North China were studied.Application of higher phosphorous fertilizer (8 g/m2) significantly enhanced the growth rate of bermudagrass stolons.Although application of phosphorous fertilizer improved turf coverage and color and reduced the time of establishment in certain degree,there was no significantly difference among the treatments and between the cultivars.This indicated that phosphorous had little effect on vegetative establishment of bermudagrass turf,which may be related to the higher content of available phosphorous in the tested soil.%为探索华北地区狗牙根草坪建植期养分管理策略,以邯郸狗牙根和保定狗牙根为供试材料,研究了不同用量(0、2、4、8 g/m2)磷肥对狗牙根营养体建坪效果的影响.结果表明,除高磷处理(8 g/m2)显著加快狗牙根匍匐茎生长速度外,施用磷肥能在一定程度上提高草坪盖度和匍匐茎生长速度、增加草屑量、缩短成坪时间、改善草坪色泽,但品种间和品种内处理间均无显著差异.在设置试验条件下,磷对狗牙根营养体建坪的影响不大,这可能与土壤中较高的速效磷含量有关.

  1. 广东省草皮种植场和城市草坪红火蚁发生为害程度调查%Infestation of red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) at turf plantations and lawns in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慎磊; 曾玲; 许益镌; 陆永跃

    2014-01-01

    The key measures in managing the red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren were to effectively control the spread, and reduce the risk of spread .One of the important expansion ways for S.invicta is via human transportation with turf material.[Method]We examined the density of live nests , rate of bait trap occupancy , number of workers captured/bait trap, and the rate of infected turf plantation to reveal the infestation by S.invicta at the turf plantations of the cities of Shiji , Zengcheng , Nans-han, and Boluo in Guangdong Province , and on urban lawns of the cities of Guangzhou , Shenzhen and Huizhou in Guangdong Prov-ince, southern China.[Result]S.invicta was widely present on turf plantations of Guangdong , and the consequent risk of spread of the ant with the turf was very high .The infestations of the fire ant on turf plantations in different regions varied significantly .In the four surveyed regions , the fire ant at the turf plantations in Boluo , Huizhou was the most serious:the density of live nests was 0.85 ind./100 m2 , 56.75%of bait traps captured workers , 16.80 workers were captured/bait trap, and 83.60%of the turf plantations were infected.The smallest values of these parameters were found in Nanshan , Shenzhen, with values of 0.11 ind./100 m2, 9.62%, 0.92 ind./bait, and 24.50%, respectively.The fire ants were common at urban lawns in Guangdong , with the highest in-festation in Huizhou, with values of 1.49 ind./100 m2, 10.46%, 14.30 ind./bait, and 62.86%, respectively.Turf grass species had a significant effect on ant infestation .The fire ant infestation was the heaviest for Eremochloa ophiuroides, and the above four in-dices were 1.40 ind./100 m2 , 6.85%, 5.57 ind./bait, and 51.43%, respectively.The fire ant infestations were serious in the old quarters of the city , and lower in the new ones .Most of the fire ants infected the newly planted lawns and pastures .[Conclusion and significance]The infestation of S.invicta at the turf

  2. Sleep technologists educational needs assessment: a survey of polysomnography, electroneurodiagnostic technology, and respiratory therapy education program directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Mary Ellen; Vaughn, Bradley V

    2013-10-15

    In this study, we assessed the community and educational needs for sleep technologists by surveying program directors of nationally accredited polysomnography, electroneurodiagnostic technology, and respiratory care educational programs. Currently, little is known about our educational capacity and the need for advanced degrees for sleep medicine technical support. A questionnaire was developed about current and future community and educational needs for sleep technologists. The questionnaire was sent to directors of CAAHEP-accredited polysomnography and electroneurodiagnostic technology programs (associate degree and certificate programs), and directors of CoARC-accredited respiratory therapy associate degree and bachelor degree programs (n = 358). Qualitative and quantitative data were collected via an internet survey tool. Data analysis was conducted with the IBM SPSS statistical package and included calculating means and standard deviations of the frequency of responses. Qualitative data was analyzed and classified based on emerging themes. One hundred seven of 408 program directors completed the survey. Seventy-four percent agreed that demand for qualified sleep technologists will increase, yet 50% of those surveyed believe there are not enough educational programs to meet the demand. Seventy-eight percent of those surveyed agreed that the educational requirements for sleep technologists will soon increase; 79% of those surveyed believe sleep centers have a need for technologists with advanced training or specialization. Our study shows educators of associate and certificate degree programs believe there is a need for a bachelor's degree in sleep science and technology.

  3. Effects of Revolution on soil wetting, turf performance and nitrogen efficiency of a fairway prone to soil water repellency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oostindie, K.; Dekker, L.W.; Geissen, V.; Ritsema, C.J.

    2013-01-01

    This study reports on the effects of applications of the surfactant Revolution on soil wetting and turf performance of fairway 10 of the Rosendaelsche Golfclub, located near Arnhem, The Netherlands. In addition, the influence of Revolution on soil water repellency and the nitrogen contents in grass

  4. Effect of light and nutrient availability on the release of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) by Caribbean turf algae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Benjamin; den Haan, Joost; Visser, Petra M; Vermeij, Mark J A; van Duyl, Fleur C

    2016-03-22

    Turf algae increasingly dominate benthic communities on coral reefs. Given their abundance and high dissolved organic carbon (DOC) release rates, turf algae are considered important contributors to the DOC pool on modern reefs. The release of photosynthetically fixed carbon as DOC generally, but not always, increases with increased light availability. Nutrient availability was proposed as an additional factor to explain these conflicting observations. To address this proposed but untested hypothesis, we documented the interactive contributions of light and nutrient availability on the release of DOC by turf algae. DOC release rates and oxygen production were quantified in incubation experiments at two light levels (full and reduced light) and two nutrient treatments (natural seawater and enriched seawater). In natural seawater, DOC release at full light was four times higher than at reduced light. When nutrients were added, DOC release rates at both light levels were similar to the natural seawater treatment at full light. Our results therefore show that low light in combination with low nutrient availability reduces the release of DOC by turf algae and that light and nutrient availability interactively determine DOC release rates by this important component of Caribbean reef communities.

  5. An Artificial Turf-Based Surrogate Surface Collector for the Direct Measurement of Atmospheric Mercury Dry Deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    This paper describes the development of a new artificial turf surrogate surface (ATSS) sampler for use in the measurement of mercury (Hg) dry deposition. In contrast to many existing surrogate surface designs, the ATSS utilizes a three-dimensional deposition surface that may more...

  6. Tribological behaviour of skin equivalents and ex-vivo human skin against the material components of artificial turf in sliding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morales Hurtado, Marina; Peppelman, P.; Zeng, Xiangqiong; van Erp, P.E.J.; van der Heide, Emile

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to analyse the interaction of three artificial skin equivalents and human skin against the main material components of artificial turf. The tribological performance of Lorica, Silicone Skin L7350 and a recently developed Epidermal Skin Equivalent (ESE) were studied and compared to

  7. A FEASIBILITY STUDY EXAMINING THE POTENTIAL FOR HUMAN HEALTH EXPOSURE TO PET-BORNE DIAZINON RESIDUES FOLLOWING RESIDENTIAL TURF APPLICATIONS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The domestic dog may be a vehicle for translocation of pesticide residues following residential applications to turf. In addition, human occupants may be exposed to residues deposited inside homes by pets or by intimate contacts with them. This study examines the potential of a...

  8. A Model for Protective Behavior Against the Harmful Effects of Radiation for Radiological Technologists in Medical Radiological Technologists in Medical Centers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Eun Ok [Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Moon, In Ok [Ewha Woman' s University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    Protective behavior of radiological technologists against radiation exposure is important to achieve reduction of the patient doses without compromising medical achievements. This study attempts to provide a basic model for the sophisticated intervention strategy that increases the level of the protective behavior of the technologists. The model was applied to real situations in Korea to demonstrate its utility. The results of this study are summarized as follows: First, the protective environment showed the highest relationship in the factors considered, r=0.637 (p<0.01). Secondly, the important factors were protective environment in environment characteristics, expectation for the protective behavior 0.228 (p<0.001), self efficacy 0.142 (p<0.001), and attitude for the protective behavior 0.178 (p<0.001) in personal characteristics, and daily patient -0.112 (p<0.001) and number of the participation in the education session for the protective behavior 0.074 (p<0.05). Thirdly, the final protective behavior model by a path analysis method had direct influence on the attitude 0.171 (p<0.01) and environment 0.405 (p<0.01) for the protective behavior, self efficacy 0.122 (p<0.01), expectation for the protective behavior 0.16 (p<0.01), and self-efficacy in the specialty of projects 0.154 (p<0.01). The acceptance of the model determined by the absolute fit index (GFI), 0.969, and by the incremental fit index (CFI), 0.943, showed very significant levels. Value of 2/df that is a factor applied to verify the acceptance of the model was 37, which implies that the result can be accepted in the desirable range. In addition, the parsimonious fit index configured by AGFI (0.890) and TLI (0.852) was also considered as a scale that accepts the model in practical applications. In case of the establishment of some specific intervention strategies based on the protective behavior model against harmful radiation effects proposed in this study, the strategy will provide an effective way

  9. Comparison of the incidence, nature and cause of injuries sustained on dirt field and artificial turf field by amateur football players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kordi Ramin

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data on the incidence, nature, severity and cause of match football injuries sustained on dirt field are scarce. The objectives of this study was to compare the incidence, nature, severity and cause of match injuries sustained on dirt field and artificial turf field by amateur male football players. Methods A prospective two-cohort design was employed. Participants were 252 male football players (mean age 27 years, range 18-43 in 14 teams who participated in a local championship carried on a dirt field and 216 male football players (mean age 28 years, range 17-40 in 12 teams who participated in a local championship carried on a artificial turf field in the same zone of the city. Injury definitions and recording procedures were compliant with the international consensus statement for epidemiological studies of injuries in football. Results The overall incidence of match injuries for men was 36.9 injuries/1000 player hours on dirt field and 19.5 on artificial turf (incidence rate ratio 1.88; 95% CI 1.19-3.05. Most common injured part on dirt field was ankle (26.7% and on artificial turf was knee (24.3%. The most common injury type in the dirt field was skin injuries (abrasion and laceration and in the artificial turf was sprain and ligament injury followed by haematoma/contusion/bruise. Most injuries were acute (artificial turf 89%, dirt field 91% and resulted from player-to-player contact (artificial turf 59.2%, dirt field 51.4%. Most injuries were slight and minimal in dirt field cohort but in artificial turf cohort the most injuries were mild. Conclusions There were differences in the incidence and type of football match injuries sustained on dirt field and artificial turf.

  10. [Problems in career planning for novice medical technologists in Japanese national hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogasawara, Shu; Tsutaya, Shoji; Akimoto, Hiroyuki; Kojima, Keiya; Yabaka, Hiroyuki

    2012-12-01

    Skills and knowledge regarding many different types of test are required for medical technologists (MTs) to provide accurate information to help doctors and other medical specialists. In order to become an efficient MT, specialized training programs are required. Certification in specialized areas of clinical laboratory sciences or a doctoral degree in medical sciences may help MTs to realize career advancement, a higher earning potential, and expand the options in their career. However, most young MTs in national university hospitals are employed as part-time workers on a three-year contract, which is too short to obtain certifications or a doctoral degree. We have to leave the hospital without expanding our future. We need to take control of our own development in order to enhance our employability within the period. As teaching and training hospitals, national university hospitals in Japan are facing a difficult dilemma in nurturing MTs. I hope, as a novice medical technologist, that at least university hospitals in Japan create an appropriate workplace environment for novice MTs.

  11. [Proposal for improving EQA programs in clinical microbiology by the Japanese Association of Medical Technologists].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inuzuka, Kazuhisa

    2005-04-01

    External quality assessment (EQA) programs have been conducted by the Japanese Association of Medical Technologists (JAMT) since 1989. The nationwide EQA programs have provided feedback for improving clinical tests quality in individual laboratories. The participating laboratories have been expected to process the survey samples according to their usual practice for patient specimens. However, many problems relating to the EQA programs in clinical microbiology have been raised. Dishonesty in the responses, survey samples being handled in a manner that improves assessment results, surveys depending on volunteers because of time and cost limitations were some of the initial problems. In addition, the criteria used to evaluate the results were poorly understood, so that neither examiners not participants were clear as to how the evaluation worked. And finally, the nationwide EQA programs can detect only gross errors and use invalid methods for evaluating routine performances. They have been measuring only a few steps in specimens processing. To assess overall laboratory competence, other methods are needed. It is time to reform the JAMT nationwide EQA program to initiate real proficiency testing and to this end it is necessary to increase collaboration between JAMT and the regional associations of medical technologists, so that the improved testing program can be properly administered.

  12. The cardiovascular perfusionist as a model for the successful technologist in high stress situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friday, P J; Mook, W J

    1991-01-01

    This study investigates the psychological profiles of highly stressed medical technologists. One hundred and four individuals representing a cross-section of the United States who function as operators of heart-lung machines during open heart surgery (perfusionists) were studied using both internal and external models based on the works of Eric Berne and Karen Horney. Daily exposure to life and death responsibilities combined with the constant pressures of maintaining current technical skills can make the profession selected for this study representative of high technology professions that require a great deal of coping. Results of this study indicate that there is a balanced psychological profile in successful technologists functioning in long-term, high-stressed occupations. Female perfusionists appear to be more aggressive and critical than their male counterparts. This is seen as an attempt by female perfusionists to compensate for what has historically been a male dominanted, highly technical and high-stressed occupation. Generalizations for candidate selections to high stressed occupations could be made as well as projections of foundations for possible progressive disillusionment (burn out).

  13. 杨凌4种冷地型草坪草观赏特性评价%Evaluation on Ornamental Characters of Four Cool-season Turf Grasses in Yangling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁锐

    2012-01-01

    本研究选用密度、质地、颜色、盖度、均一性、高度、绿期、草坪组成、成坪速度等9项指标,采用层次分析法(AHP)及模糊数学综合评判方法,对杨凌栽植的4种冷地型草坪草的观赏特性进行了综合评价。将这9项指标作为评价指标进行数量化测定,采用层次分析法(AHP)通过构建权重矩阵,对几种观赏草坪配以指标权重,然后结合模糊数学综合评价方法,给出草坪质量的评价等级。从而在观赏效果方面为杨凌示范区建坪草种的选择提供一些参考。实验结果表明杨凌地区冷地型草坪草观赏效果好坏程度依次是匍匐翦股颖、高羊茅、草地早熟禾、黑麦草。养护管理水平不够是这些草坪普遍存在的问题,影响草坪的观赏效果。%Four kinds of cool-season turf grasses were compared in terms of 9 factors:their density,texture,color,coverage,evenness,height,period of green,components as well as the speed of turf formulation.AHP and fuzzy mathematics evaluation were applied for quantity the factors and evaluate the quality of turfs.The experiment showed that Agrostis stolonifera has the best quality of ornamentation,followed by Festuca arundinacea,Poa pratensis and Lolium perenne is the lowest one.The general problems for all kinds of turf is inadequate management and maintenance.

  14. Dynamics of the nitrogen content in aboveground phytomass on the turf after fertilization of different forms of fertilizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter HRIC

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this experiment was to find out dynamics of the nitrogen (N content in aboveground phytomass on the turf after fertilization of different forms of fertilizers under non–irrigated conditions. The experiment was carried out in warm and dry conditions in the area of Nitra (Slovak Republic. There were included 7 treatments: 1. Without fertilization, 2. Saltpetre with dolomite, Superphosphate, Potassium salt, 3. Turf fertilizer 15–3–8 (+ 3MgO + 0.8Fe + 18S, 4. Slow release fertilizer SRF NPK 14–5–14 (+ 4CaO + 4MgO + 7S, 5. Controlled release fertilizer Duslocote NPK (S 13-9-18 (+ 6S, 6. Organic fertilizer Condit (5-1-1 and 7. Organic fertilizer Veget (3-2-1. In the begging of the seasons fertilizing by controlled release fertilizer Duslocote NPK (S 13-9-18 (+ 6S had a slow onset of action. The opposite trend had use of organic fertilizer Condit (5-1-1 on nitrogen content in aboveground turf phytomass. The nitrogen concentration was statistically higher in variants fertilized with inorganic fertilizer and organic fertilizer Condit (5-1-1 (33,727 mg*kg-1 – 36,737 mg*kg-1 as a non-fertilized turf (28,446 mg*kg-1. Higher nitrogen content in aboveground phytomass was after application of organic fertilizer Condit (5-1-1 into the turf in comparison with fertilization inorganic fertilizers.

  15. [Career planning for explanation of clinical test results and program of inspections: developing medical technologists for team medical care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchida, Misuko

    2013-04-01

    Current medical care is subdivided according to medical advances, and sophistication and new techniques are necessary. In this setting, doctors and nurses have been explaining to and consulting patients about their medical examinations; however, in recent years, medical technologists have performed these duties at the start of the team's medical care. Therefore, we think it is possible for patients to receive clear and convincing explanations. Most patients cannot understand their examination data, which are written using numbers and charts, etc. Recently, the Nagano Medical Technologist Society has been developing technologists who could explain examination results to patients. This development training included hospitality and communication. The certificate of completion will be issued in March when the program starts.

  16. A proposal for clinical genetics (genetics in medicine) education for medical technologists and other health professionals in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohzaki, Hidetsugu

    2014-01-01

    Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, technology has developed markedly in fields such as medical genetics and genetic counseling in the medical arena. In particular, this technology has advanced the discovery of and ways of understanding various genes responsible for genetic diseases, and genetic polymorphisms thought to be associated with disease. Some have been implicated as factors in common lifestyle diseases and have increased the significance of genetic testing. In Japan, doctors and other health professionals, such as nurse and medical technologists have been engaged in genetic testing and genetic disease treatment. Chromosomal and gene aberrations were detected mainly by medical technologists. However, due to the nature of medical technologists who have to provide various clinical tests, such as blood test, pre-medical technology students are required to cover tremendous knowledge of different academic fields to pass the national exam. Therefore, the time allowed for such students to study chromosomal and gene analysis is quite limited. Moreover, they are forced to enter the medical setting without receiving sufficient training. Among them, only few medical technologists specialize in chromosomal and gene analysis. However, with the advancement of clinical genetics and development of chromosomal and gene analysis, conducting clinical practice is becoming more and more difficult for medical technologists who just passed the national exam. Also, doctors and other health professionals have not been able to keep up with service demands either. This paper attempts to address knowledge and skills gaps (especially clinical genetics, English, and ICT literacy) of medical technologists and we propose educational methods to prepare medical genetics professionals in Japan to meet these gaps.

  17. Advanced phenotyping offers opportunities for improved breeding of forage and turf species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walter, Achim; Studer, Bruno; Kölliker, Roland

    2012-01-01

    Background and Aims Advanced phenotyping, i.e. the application of automated, high-throughput methods to characterize plant architecture and performance, has the potential to accelerate breeding progress but is far from being routinely used in current breeding approaches. In forage and turf...... improvement programmes, in particular, where breeding populations and cultivars are characterized by high genetic diversity and substantial genotype × environment interactions, precise and efficient phenotyping is essential to meet future challenges imposed by climate change, growing demand and declining...... resources. Scope This review highlights recent achievements in the establishment of phenotyping tools and platforms. Some of these tools have originally been established in remote sensing, some in precision agriculture, while others are laboratory-based imaging procedures. They quantify plant colour...

  18. Fate and Transport of Pharmaceutical Compounds Applied to Turf-Covered Soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, M.; Green, R. L.; Devitt, D.; McCullough, M.; Wright, L.; Vanderford, B. J.; Snyder, S. A.

    2012-12-01

    In arid and semi-arid regions, the use of treated wastewater for landscape irrigation is becoming common practice and a significant asset to conserve potable water supplies. Public interest and lack of field-scale data are leading to a concern that compounds found in reuse water could persist in the environment and contaminate groundwater. As part of a larger study, 2-yr experiments were conducted in CA and NV, where reuse water was the primary source of non-ambient water input. A total of 13 compounds were studied, all originating in irrigation water applied to soil covered in turf or left bare. The target compounds included atenolol, atorvastatin, carbamazepine, diazepam, diclofenac, fluoxetine, gemfibrozil, ibuprofen, meprobamate, naproxen, primidone, sulfamethoxazole, triclosan, and trimethoprim. Analytical protocols for all compounds (detection at ng/L range) were established before the study commenced. The goals of the research were to increase available data on the fate and transport of these target compounds in turfgrass/soil systems, and to use these data to assess long-term risk from using water containing these compounds. Experiments conducted at two scales are discussed here: lysimeter-scale and field-scale. At the lysimeter-scale, 24 drainage lysimeters (120 cm thick) were exposed to treated wastewater as an irrigation source. Lysimeters varied by soil type (two types), soil cover (bare- versus turf-covered) and leaching fraction (5% and 25%). Upper and lower boundary conditions were monitored throughout the study. Water samples were collected periodically after water breakthrough. After the study, soil samples were analyzed for compound mass, allowing compound mass balance and removal to be assessed. At the field-scale, passive drain gages (Decagon Devices) were installed in triplicate in fairways at four operational golf courses, one in NV and three in CA, all with histories of using treated wastewater. The gages measure water fluxes through the 60

  19. 长江流域地区延长暖季型草坪草绿期技术研究%Technology Research of Prolonging the Warm Season Turf in the Yangtze River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江生泉; 姜自红; 薛正帅

    2015-01-01

    草坪是环境生态系统的重要组成部分,是园林绿化的主要方式之一,在长江流域暖季型草坪草冬季休眠枯黄,影响其草坪景观,延长草坪绿期和实现周年常绿是当前研究重点。分析了气候、养护管理对暖季型草坪草绿期影响,阐述了延长绿期方法和实现周年常绿的技术措施。%Lawn is an important part of the environmental ecosystem ,and is one of the main ways of landscape gardening .Winter dormancy of warm season turf affects the lawn landscape in the Yangtze River Basin ,and prolonging green period has become the focus of the current research .The paper analyzes the effects of climate and the maintenance management on green period of warm season turf and expounds the technical measures to prolong the green period and realize the annual evergreen .

  20. The Technologist Function in Fields Related to Radiology: Tasks in Radiation Therapy and Diagnostic Ultrasound. Research Report No. 9; Relating Technologist Tasks in Diagnostic Radiology, Ultrasound and Radiation Therapy. Research Report No. 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilpatrick, Eleanor

    The two research reports included in this document describe the application of the Health Services Mobility Study (HSMS) task analysis method to two technologist functions and examine the interrelationships of these tasks with those in diagnostic radiology. (The HSMS method includes processes for using the data for designing job ladders, for…

  1. The Technologist Function in Fields Related to Radiology: Tasks in Radiation Therapy and Diagnostic Ultrasound. Research Report No. 9; Relating Technologist Tasks in Diagnostic Radiology, Ultrasound and Radiation Therapy. Research Report No. 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilpatrick, Eleanor

    The two research reports included in this document describe the application of the Health Services Mobility Study (HSMS) task analysis method to two technologist functions and examine the interrelationships of these tasks with those in diagnostic radiology. (The HSMS method includes processes for using the data for designing job ladders, for…

  2. Identifying socio-economic factors of Technologist in their professional career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold Enrique Banguero Lozano

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to keep track to technologists who expressed their desire to continue their professional cycle, regardless if the process is carried out in the same institution or in a different one. To accomplish this, it´s necessary some data from the Ministry of Education, the Observatory of the Colombian University, the National Observatory for Education and primary universities in Cali which offer technology programs. This research process was developed through the Human Capital Theory, social analysis, statistics and econometrics, in order to analyze one of the educational components of professionalization, taking as a starting point the technology formation and preferences or needs of students graduating in technology.

  3. Color Blindness Defect and Medical Laboratory Technologists: Unnoticed Problems and the Care for Screening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Dargahi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available "nColor -blindness is the inability to perceive differences between some color that other people can distinguish. Using a literature search , the results indicate the prevalence of color vision deficiency in the medical profession and its on medical skills. Medical laboratory technicians and technologists employees should also screen for color blindness. This research aimed to study color blindness prevalence among Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees and Students in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS. A cross- sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted among 633 TUMS Clinical Laboratory Sciences' Students and Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees to detect color - blindness problems by Ishihara Test. The tests were first screened with certain pictures, then compared to the Ishihara criteria to be possible color defective were tested further with other plates to determine color - blindness defects. The data was saved using with SPSS software and analyzed by statistical methods. This is the first study to determine the prevalence of color - blindness in Clinical Laboratory Sciences' Students and Employees. 2.4% of TUMS Medical Laboratory Sciences Students and Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees are color- blind. There is significant correlation between color - blindness and sex and age. But the results showed that there is not significant correlation between color -blindness defect and exposure to chemical agents, type of job , trauma and surgery history, history of familial defect and race. It would be a wide range of difficulties by color blinded students and employees in their practice of laboratory diagnosis and techniques with a potentially of errors. We suggest color blindness as a medical conditions should restrict employment choices for medical laboratory technicians and technologists job in Iran.

  4. Color blindness defect and medical laboratory technologists: unnoticed problems and the care for screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dargahi, Hossein; Einollahi, Nahid; Dashti, Nasrin

    2010-01-01

    Color-blindness is the inability to perceive differences between some color that other people can distinguish. Using a literature search, the results indicate the prevalence of color vision deficiency in the medical profession and its on medical skills. Medical laboratory technicians and technologists employees should also screen for color blindness. This research aimed to study color blindness prevalence among Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees and Students in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study was conducted among 633 TUMS Clinical Laboratory Sciences' Students and Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees to detect color-blindness problems by Ishihara Test. The tests were first screened with certain pictures, then compared to the Ishihara criteria to be possible color defective were tested further with other plates to determine color - blindness defects. The data was saved using with SPSS software and analyzed by statistical methods. This is the first study to determine the prevalence of color - blindness in Clinical Laboratory Sciences' Students and Employees. 2.4% of TUMS Medical Laboratory Sciences Students and Hospitals' Clinical Laboratories' Employees are color-blind. There is significant correlation between color-blindness and sex and age. But the results showed that there is not significant correlation between color-blindness defect and exposure to chemical agents, type of job, trauma and surgery history, history of familial defect and race. It would be a wide range of difficulties by color blinded students and employees in their practice of laboratory diagnosis and techniques with a potentially of errors. We suggest color blindness as a medical conditions should restrict employment choices for medical laboratory technicians and technologists job in Iran.

  5. Effects of two football stud configurations on biomechanical characteristics of single-leg landing and cutting movements on infilled synthetic turf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Elizabeth; Zhang, Songning; Milner, Clare; Liu, Xuan; Brosnan, James T; Sorochan, John C

    2014-11-01

    Multiple playing surfaces and footwear used in American football warrant a better understanding of relationship between different combinations of turf and footwear. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of shoe and stud types on ground reaction force (GRF) and ankle and knee kinematics of a 180° cut and a single-leg 90° land-cut on synthetic turf. Fourteen recreational football players performed five trials of the 180° cut and 90° land-cut in three shoe conditions: non-studded running shoe, and football shoe with natural and synthetic turf studs. Variables were analyzed with a 3 × 2 (shoe × movement) repeated measures analysis of variance (p < 0.05). Peak vertical GRF (p < 0.001) and loading rate (p < 0.001) were greater during 90° land-cut than 180° cut. For 180° cut, natural turf studs produced smaller peak medial GRFs compared to synthetic turf studs and non-studded shoe (p = 0.012). For land-cut, peak eversion velocity was reduced in running shoes compared to natural (p = 0.016) and synthetic (p = 0.002) turf studs. The 90° land-cut movement resulted in greater peak vertical GRF and loading rate compared to the 180° cut. Overall, increased GRFs in the 90° land-cut movement may increase the chance of injury.

  6. A proposal for clinical genetics (genetics in medicine education for medical technologists and other health professionals in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidestugu eKohzaki

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, technology has developed markedly in fields such as medical genetics and genetic counseling in the medical arena. In particular, this technology has advanced the discovery of and ways of understanding various genes responsible for genetic diseases, and genetic polymorphisms thought to be associated with disease. Some have been implicated as factors in common lifestyle diseases and have increased the significance of genetic testing. In Japan, doctors and other health professionals, such as nurse and medical technologists have been engaged in genetic testing and genetic disease treatment. Chromosomal and gene aberrations were detected mainly by medical technologists. However, due to the nature of medical technologists who have to provide various clinical tests, such as blood test, pre-medical technology students are required to cover tremendous knowledge of different academic fields to pass the national exam. Therefore, the time allowed for such students to study chromosomal and gene analysis is quite limited. Moreover, they are forced to enter the medical setting without receiving sufficient training. Among them, only few medical technologists specialize in chromosomal and gene ana

  7. A Study to Determine the Educational Needs of Industrial Technologists in the Automotive-Type Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Ronald Walter

    Questionnaires were used to gather data about educational needs of industrial technologists in the automotive-type manufacturing industries in the United States. Each of the 101 establishments received four questionnaires; 67 (66.3 percent) returned one or more of the questionnaires. The responses of the selected individuals were analyzed by…

  8. A Study to Determine the Educational Needs of Industrial Technologists in the Automotive-Type Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Ronald Walter

    Questionnaires were used to gather data about educational needs of industrial technologists in the automotive-type manufacturing industries in the United States. Each of the 101 establishments received four questionnaires; 67 (66.3 percent) returned one or more of the questionnaires. The responses of the selected individuals were analyzed by…

  9. Habitat characteristics influence macrofaunal communities in coralline turf more than mesoscale coastal upwelling on the coast of Northern Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelaher, Brendan P.; Carlos Castilla, Juan

    2005-04-01

    Rocky shore communities are often influenced by near-shore coastal upwelling. For macrofauna in algal turf, these effects may be caused directly by well-studied bottom-up mechanisms or indirectly via changes in habitat structure provided by algal turf associated high nutrient loads. Here, we investigated possible interactions between upwelling and habitat structure by sampling diverse faunal assemblages in coralline algal turf on seven rocky intertidal shores in northern Chile, ranging from El Cobre [23°17'1″S, 70°31'40″W] to La Lobería [23°03'40″S, 70°33'14″W]. Some of these shores were located adjacent to strong upwelling centers, while others were in areas rarely affected. On each shore, we sampled four (2 × 2 m) sites separated by 15-50 m. In each site, we collected three replicate cores (80 mm in diameter) from which we measured macrofauna greater than 850 μm, biomass of sediment and epiphytes, frond density and average frond length. We used mean water temperature and its variation at 1-1.5 m water depth (below Extreme Low Water Spring, ELWS) to represent local upwelling intensity because long-term data have shown that these variables make excellent indicators for this region. In total, we found 94 macrofaunal taxa in coralline turf, which is almost three times higher than has previously been reported in Chile. Although macrofaunal assemblages varied significantly among shores, there were no patterns to suggest mesoscale variation in upwelling intensity affected either faunal assemblages or local habitat characteristics. In contrast, multivariate and univariate correlations highlighted sediment and frond density as strong determinants of community structure. We therefore conclude that traditionally studied habitat characteristics, such as structural complexity and habitat heterogeneity, have greater influence on faunal assemblages in mat-like habitats on rocky shores than environmental variables associated with mesoscale coastal upwelling.

  10. Feedbacks between vegetation and solifluction processes on hillslopes: a case study of an alpine turf-banked solifluction lobe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichel, Jana; Draebing, Daniel; Wieland, Markus; Eling, Christian; Klingbeil, Lasse; Dikau, Richard

    2015-04-01

    Solifluction is one of the most widespread processes transporting soil on hillslopes in periglacial environments. While periglacial geomorphologists identified climatic and soil parameters as most important factors influencing solifluction, ecologist have long recognized the importance of vegetation and the co-occurrence of certain species and vegetation communities with solifluction processes and landforms. However, the mechanism of vegetation influences on solifluction, as well as feedbacks between solifluction processes and vegetation, which result in specific vegetation organization and specific landforms, e.g., turf-banked solifluction lobes, is only partly understood. The aim of our study is to improve the understanding of feedbacks between vegetation and solifluction processes and landforms by using established and up-to-date methods in a detailed small-scale study on a turf-banked solifluction lobe in the Turtmann glacier forefield (Switzerland). Our objectives are (i) to examine the effects of species composition and vegetation organization on landform properties; (ii) to investigate the effects of landform properties on species composition and vegetation organization and (iii) to evaluate if feedbacks create turf-banked solifluction lobes as biogeomorphic structures. To assess solifluction lobe and vegetation properties, we employed a detailed geomorphic and vegetation mapping (1:50), complemented by an UAV derived high-resolution orthophoto and DEM, and 2D and 3D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) measurements in combination with soil moisture measurements. Vegetation mapping shows that (i) dwarf shrubs, which through their plant functional traits can act as engineer species, are the main species covering the solifluction lobe. Geomorphic mapping, DEM terrain analyses and 3D ERT indicate that (ii) lobe geomorphometry and material properties (grain size, moisture) strongly influence species distribution and diversity. 2D ERT shows permafrost

  11. Effects of experimental overgrowth on survival and change in the turf assemblage of a giant kelp forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, A.K.; Meslow, E.C.

    1990-01-01

    Crustose coralline algae were the prevalent cover among sessile organisms that paved or grew near the substratum, and also the most commonly overgrown species in a giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (L.) C.A. Agardh forest located off San Nicolas Island, California. Giant kelp was the largest and most conspicuous species that overgrew large patches of the substrata; overgrowth among turf organisms also appeared common. To determine the effects of giant kelp holdfasts on crustose coralline algae and other turf organisms,'artificial holdfasts' were placed on 0.125-m2 plots for 5, 8 and 12 months. In these treatments, 50?57% of the crustose coralline algae survived. Because these algae also recruited while covered, the total cover (survivorship plus recruitment) differed by only 7?26% from that sampled at the start of the study. The decline of these algae in control plots was similar to that in the treatment plots mostly because of overgrowth by sessile invertebrates. Bryozoans increased markedly on the control plots, whereas 0?12% survived in the treatment plots. Bryozoans and sponges also recruited under the artificial holdfasts. Some arborescent turf algae survived in the 5- and 8-month treatments; articulated coralline algae survived better than did foliose algae. High survival recruitment of crustose coralline algae while overgrown contributed to their prevalence in benthic communities.

  12. The opinions of radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists and radiation therapists regarding technology in health care: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aarts, Sil; Cornelis, Forra; Zevenboom, Yke; Brokken, Patrick; van de Griend, Nicole; Spoorenberg, Miriam; Ten Bokum, Wendy; Wouters, Eveline

    2017-03-01

    New technology is continuously introduced in health care. The aim of this study was (1) to collect the opinions and experiences of radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists and radiation therapists regarding the technology they use in their profession and (2) to acquire their views regarding the role of technology in their future practice. Participants were recruited from five departments in five hospitals in The Netherlands. All radiographers, nuclear medicine therapists and radiation therapists who were working in these departments were invited to participate (n = 252). The following topics were discussed: technology in daily work, training in using technology and the role of technology in future practice. The recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using open and axial coding. A total of 52 participants (57.7% radiographer) were included, 19 men and 33 women (age range: 20-63). Four major themes emerged: (1) technology as an indispensable factor, (2) engagement, support and training in using technology, (3) transitions in work and (4) the radiographer of the future. All participants not only value technological developments to perform their occupations, but also aspects such as documentation and physical support. When asked about the future of their profession, contradictory answers were provided; while some expect less autonomy, others belief they will get more autonomy in their work. Technology plays a major role in all three occupations. All participants believe that technology should be in the best interests of patients. Being involved in the implementation of new technology is of utmost importance; courses and training, facilitated by the managers of the departments, should play a major role. Only when a constant dialogue exists between health care professionals and their managers, in which they discuss their experiences, needs and expectations, technology can be implemented in a safe and effective manner. This, in turn, might

  13. 草坪的建植与管理%Turf Establishment and management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉

    2010-01-01

    草坪已成为城市绿化美化的重要组成部分,草坪建植与管理直接影响草坪的质量与效果.草坪建植与管理是通过人工对适合与本地地理气候,土壤条件的牧草品种经过对坪床进行科学的规划、设计、平整等技术处理后,经播种、发芽、生长、喷灌、施肥、修剪、防治病虫等一系列的建植与管理程序,最终达到预期的设计与观赏效果的技术管理养护和操作规程.

  14. Priorities for sustainable turfgrass management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, M.; Blombäck, K.; Jensen, Anne Mette Dahl

    2012-01-01

    and opportunities available for promoting and achieving more sustainable turfgrass management within the sports, landscape and amenity sectors. The analysis confirms that there are a number of key areas where a concerted research and industrial effort is required. These include responding to the pressures from...... government demands for greater environmental regulation, the increasing pressure on natural resources (notably water, energy and land), the emerging role of turf management in supporting ecosystem services and enhancing biodiversity, the continued need to promote integrated pest management, and the looming...... challenges posed by a changing climate, and urgent need to adapt. Whilst many of these externalities appear to be risks to the sports turf industry, there will also be significant opportunities, for those where the labour, energy and agronomic costs are minimized and where the drive to adopt...

  15. Influence of the mechanical properties of third-generation artificial turf systems on soccer players' physiological and physical performance and their perceptions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Sánchez-Sánchez

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of the mechanical properties of artificial turf systems on soccer players' performance. A battery of perceptive physiological and physical tests were developed on four different structural systems of artificial turf (System 1: Compacted gravel sub-base without elastic layer; System 2: Compacted gravel sub-base with elastic layer; System 3: Asphalt sub-base without elastic layer; System 4: Asphalt sub-base with elastic layer. The sample was composed of 18 soccer players (22.44±1.72 years who typically train and compete on artificial turf. The artificial turf system with less rotational traction (S3 showed higher total time in the Repeated Sprint Ability test in comparison to the systems with intermediate values (49.46±1.75 s vs 47.55±1.82 s (S1 and 47.85±1.59 s (S2; p0.05. The physiological load was similar in all four artificial turf systems. However, players felt more comfortable on the harder and more rigid system (S4; visual analogue scale = 70.83±14.28 than on the softer artificial turf system (S2; visual analogue scale = 54.24±19.63. The lineal regression analysis revealed a significant influence of the mechanical properties of the surface of 16.5%, 15.8% and 7.1% on the mean time of the sprint, the best sprint time and the maximum mean speed in the RSA test respectively. Results suggest a mechanical heterogeneity between the systems of artificial turf which generate differences in the physical performance and in the soccer players' perceptions.

  16. Assessment of the Human Morphophysiology Program for Training Biomedical Equipment Technologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Gómez Rives

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: there are a series of questions related to the Human Morphophysiology program, which are posed in different teaching and methodological events, both through the analysis of the methodological work performed in the discipline and the agents involved in the teaching-learning process. Objective: to assess the Human Morphophysiology program for training Biomedical Equipment Technologists. Methods: a qualitative and quantitative exploratory study was conducted with all students enrolled in Clinical Engineering studies during the 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 academic years and 14 professors from the University of Medical Sciences in Matanzas. In addition to the document review, students and teachers were surveyed. Results: identified weaknesses of the program included: not justifying the discipline in the Clinical Engineering curriculum; not establishing a correspondence between the discipline and the graduate profile; not setting a horizontal or vertical structure in the curriculum; not including all components of the teaching-learning process in the curriculum design with sufficient accuracy; not reflecting ways to develop student leadership. Conclusion: the assessments of students and teachers show the weaknesses of the program, which compromise the quality of the teaching-learning process of the discipline of Human Morphophysiology as part of the Clinical Engineering curriculum.

  17. Preliminary DNA fingerprinting of the turf grass Cynodon dactylon (Poaceae: Chloridoideae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Roodt

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Identification of different cultivars of turf grasses is often very difficult. In a preliminary attempt to identify different cultivars o f Cynodon dactylon (L. Pers.. random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD analyses of some well-known cultivars used in South Africa, i.e. Bayview. Cape Royal, Florida. Hamsmith. Silverton Blue. Skaapplaas and Titdwart. as well as 10 potential new cultivars, were done. These results were used to determine the genetic distances among cultivars. Only five primers w ere needed to obtain a specific fragment pattern for each cultivar. The degree o f amplification w as used as an additional criterion by including all visible fragments, excluding very faint fragments and only including the brightest fragments. The neighbour-joining trees o f C.  dactylon showed best resolution from the data set w ith all visible fragments included. although fragment intensity did not affect the tree topology. The cultivars Silverton Blue and Bayview exhibited the greatest genetic variation and two potential new cultivars were identified. RAPD analyses can. therefore, be used to distin­guish between different C. dactylon cultivars and to determine the genetic variation between them by calculating genetic distances.

  18. Preliminary DNA fingerprinting of the turf grass Cynodon dactylon (Poaceae: Chloridoideae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Roodt

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Identification of different cultivars of turf grasses is often very difficult. In a preliminary attempt to identify different cultivars o f Cynodon dactylon (L. Pers.. random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD analyses of some well-known cultivars used in South Africa, i.e. Bayview. Cape Royal, Florida. Hamsmith. Silverton Blue. Skaapplaas and Titdwart. as well as 10 potential new cultivars, were done. These results were used to determine the genetic distances among cultivars. Only five primers w ere needed to obtain a specific fragment pattern for each cultivar. The degree o f amplification w as used as an additional criterion by including all visible fragments, excluding very faint fragments and only including the brightest fragments. The neighbour-joining trees o f C.  dactylon showed best resolution from the data set w ith all visible fragments included. although fragment intensity did not affect the tree topology. The cultivars Silverton Blue and Bayview exhibited the greatest genetic variation and two potential new cultivars were identified. RAPD analyses can. therefore, be used to distin­guish between different C. dactylon cultivars and to determine the genetic variation between them by calculating genetic distances.

  19. 紧凑型人造草皮系统%Compact artificial turf system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. Beyer; J. Weinhold; 陈月君(译); 王依民(校)

    2012-01-01

    为了能使用少量的线性低密度聚乙烯、高密度聚乙烯和聚丙烯纱线高效地制造人造草皮,位于德国Chemnitz的Oerlikon Barmag公司发明了一种紧凑型生产线,其可提供180kg/h的产能,为普通系统正常生产能力的一半,投资成本也仅为大型生产线的50%%To be able to efficqeutly manufacture artificial turf made from LLDPE, HDPE and polypropylene yarns in small quantities, Oerlikon Barmag, Chemnitz;ernmny, has developed a onpat line, whih offers with anoulpul of 180 kg/h - around half of the normal capacity of a standard system - all at just 50% of file investment costs of a large-scale production lille.

  20. Transformation and analysis of tobacco plant var Petit havana with T-urf13 gene under anther-specific TA29 promoter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, V; Kuriakose, Boney; Sridhar, Vaniyambadi V; Thomas, George

    2011-09-01

    T-urf13, a well-documented cms-associated gene from maize, has been shown to render methomyl sensitivity to heterologous systems like rice, yeast and bacteria when expressed constitutively. Since these transgenic plants were fertile, it was hypothesized that T-urf13 gene if expressed in anthers may result in male sterility that could be used for hybrid seed production. Hence, this work was aimed at analysing whether T-urf13 gene when expressed in anthers can result in male sterile plants or requires methomyl treatment to cause male sterility (controllable). This is the first report of transformation of tobacco with T-urf13 gene under anther-specific promoter (TA29) with or without mitochondrial targeting sequence. Most of the transgenic plants obtained were fertile; this was surprising as many male sterile plants were expected as T-urf13 gene is a cms associated gene. Our results suggest that it may not be possible to obtain male sterility by expressing URF13 in the anther by itself or by methomyl application.

  1. Bacteriological Monitoring of Radiology Room Apparatus in the Department of Radiological Technology and Contamination on Hands of Radiological Technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seon Chil [Dept. of Radiologic Technology, Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-12-15

    Distribution of microorganisms were examined for the bucky tables in the radiology rooms of the department of radiological technology, the aprons, handles of various apparatus, handles of mobile radiological apparatus, and hands of the radiological technologists. As a result, relatively larger amounts of bacteria were found on the handles of the mobile radiological apparatus and the aprons. Among the isolated bacteria, Acinetobacter baumanni (7.3%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (6.7%), Staphylococcus aureus (3.9%), Serratia liquefaciens (1.7%), Enterobacter cloaceae (0.6%), Providenica rettgeri (0.6%) are known as the cause of nosocomial infection (hospital acquired infection). In addition, similar colonies were also found on the hands of the radiological technologists such as microorganisms of Klebsiella pneumoniae (8.4%), Staphylococcus aureus (6.6%), Yersinia enterocolotica (5.4%), Acinetobacter baumanni (4.2%), Enterobacter cloaceae (2.4%), Serratia liquefaciens (1.8%), Yersinia pseuotuberculosis (18%), Enterobacter sakazakii (1.2%), and Escherichia coli (0.6%). In particular, this result indicates clinical significance since Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli show strong pathogenicity. Therefore, a continuous education is essential for the radiological technologists to prevent the nosocomial infection.

  2. The Effect of Varying Speed Release of Nutrients from Fertilizers on Growth-production Process of Turf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Hric

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this experiment was to compare the influence of fertilizers with different speed of nutrients release on growth–production indicators of turf under non–irrigated conditions. The experiment was carried in warm and dry conditions in area Nitra (Slovak Republic. In the experiment were followed 5 treatments (1. without fertilization, 2. Nitre with dolomite, Superphosphate, Potassium salt, 3. Turf fertilizer Travcerit®, 4. Slow release fertilizer SRF NPK 14–5–14 (+ 4CaO + 4MgO + 7S, 5. Controlled release fertilizer Duslocote® NPK (S 13–9–18 (+6S. The highest gain of height reached variant fertilized by fertilizer SRF NPK 14–5–14 (+ 4CaO + 4MgO + 7S. Comparison of the individual treatments for the whole period showed significantly lower average daily gains of height on control treatment compared to fertilizing treatments Nitre with dolomite, Superphosphate, Potassium salt, SRF NPK 14–5–14 (+ 4CaO + 4MgO + 7S and Duslocote® NPK (S 13–9–18 (+6S. During the reported period the highest gain of weight reached treatment by application fertilizer Duslocote® NPK (S 13– 9–18 (+ 6S. Comparison of the individual treatments for the whole period, were found significantly lower average daily production of phytomass on control treatment in comparison with fertilization turfs by Travcerit® and Duslocote® NPK (S 13–9–18 (+6S.

  3. Exploitation rates of two benthic resources across management regimes in central Chile: Evidence of illegal fishing in artisanal fisheries operating in open access areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreu-Cazenave, Miguel; Subida, Maria Dulce; Fernandez, Miriam

    2017-01-01

    There is an urgent need to quantify the impacts of artisanal fisheries and define management practices that allow for the recovery and conservation of exploited stocks. The extent of illegal catch is particularly critical as a driver of overexploitation in artisanal fisheries. However, the lack of data at proper spatial scales limits the evaluation of illegal fishing and effectiveness of management practices. We used a catch curve analysis to estimate total instantaneous mortality as a proxy of fishing pressure in the artisanal benthic fishery in central Chile. We compared the patterns of total mortality in fishing grounds under the well-studied territorial use rights for fisheries system (TURF) immersed in a landscape of open access areas (OAA; no access restriction), and from these patterns determined the extent of illegal fishing in open access areas focusing on the two most frequently extracted resources: locos (Concholepas concholepas) and keyhole limpets (Fissurella spp.). The beauty of this seascape is the presence of the no-take (NT) area of Las Cruces as control (no fishing), allowing us to estimate natural mortality. Loco exploitation is banned in OAAs. However, loco mortality in OAAs was 92% higher than in the NT, and 42% higher than in TURFs. Keyhole limpet mortality was similar between TURFs and the NT, but doubled in OAAs. We also found strong differences in mortality among fishing grounds with the same level of protection (i.e. TURFs), and over time. Our results highlight (a) the high level of illegal fishing that may occur in artisanal fisheries under traditional management regimes, and (b) that TURFs can be effective to reduce fishing mortality. However, large variability among TURFs suggests the need for a deeper understanding of the drivers of success of TURFs.

  4. EFFECTS OF ARTIFICIAL TURF AND NATURAL GRASS ON PHYSICAL AND TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE OF PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Ávalos Guillén

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of artificial turf (AT and natural grass (NG on the physical and technical performance of professional soccer players. A total of 17 healthy male soccer players (24.0 ± 4.1 years, height 174 ± 6.1 cm; body weight 73.4 ± 6.3 kg; body fat % 14.2 ± 2.3; VO2max 55.5 ± 5.3 ml/kg/min from a Costa Rican Professional Soccer League club were subjected to different tests in both types of surfaces (technical test, agility test, repeated sprint ability test, and a small-sided game [8 minutes, 32 x 32 meters, 5 vs. 5]. Players were monitored using a GPS in two sessions, separated by 48 hours, during the club’s pre-season. There were no significant differences between the two types of surfaces for the technical, agility, and repeated sprint ability tests. The physiological and kinematic variables analyzed during the small-sided game presented significant differences in average heart rate (NG = 168.5 ± 8.8, AT = 154.8 ± 11.8, p <.001, maximum heart rate (NG = 183.2 ± 8.3, AT = 175.9 ± 10.4, p =.02, body load (NG = 34.3 ± 11.2, AT = 30.5 ± 11.4, p =.03, and total impacts (NG = 230.1 ± 89.5, AT = 194. 8 ± 86.4, p=.03. It is concluded that playing on the natural grass surface caused more impact on physiological and perceived body load in players. In the case of technical variables, it is concluded that there were no statistically significant differences between the two types of surfaces (p <0.05.

  5. Biological responses of the coral Montastraea annularis to the removal of filamentous turf algae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neidy P Cetz-Navarro

    Full Text Available Coral reef degradation increases coral interactions with filamentous turf algae (FTA and macroalgae, which may result in chronic stress for the corals. We evaluated the effects of short (2.5 month and long (10 month periods of FTA removal on tissue thickness (TT, zooxanthellae density (ZD, mitotic index (MI, and concentration of chlorophyll a (Chl a in Montastraea annularis at the beginning and end of gametogenesis. Ramets (individual lobes within a colony consistently surrounded by FTA and ramets surrounded by crustose coralline algae (CCA were used as controls. FTA removal reduced coral stress, indicated by increased TT and ZD and lower MI. The measured effects were similar in magnitude for the short and long periods of algal removal. Ramets were more stressed at the end of gametogenesis compared with the beginning, with lower ZD and Chl a cm(-2, and higher MI. However, it was not possible to distinguish the stress caused by the presence of FTA from that caused by seasonal changes in seawater temperature. Ramets surrounded by CCA showed less stress in comparison with ramets surrounded by FTA: with higher TT, Chl a cm(-2 and ZD, and lower MI values. Coral responses indicated that ramets with FTA suffered the most deleterious effects and contrasted with those measured in ramets surrounded by CCA. According to published studies and our observations, there could be at least six mechanisms associated to FTA in the stress caused to M. annularis by FTA. Owing to the high cover of FTA (in contrast to macroalgae and CCA in the Caribbean, the chronic stress, the overgrowth and mortality that this functional algal group can cause on M. annularis species complex, a further decline of this important reef-building coral in the Caribbean is expected.

  6. Biological responses of the coral Montastraea annularis to the removal of filamentous turf algae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetz-Navarro, Neidy P; Espinoza-Avalos, Julio; Hernández-Arana, Héctor A; Carricart-Ganivet, Juan P

    2013-01-01

    Coral reef degradation increases coral interactions with filamentous turf algae (FTA) and macroalgae, which may result in chronic stress for the corals. We evaluated the effects of short (2.5 month) and long (10 month) periods of FTA removal on tissue thickness (TT), zooxanthellae density (ZD), mitotic index (MI), and concentration of chlorophyll a (Chl a) in Montastraea annularis at the beginning and end of gametogenesis. Ramets (individual lobes within a colony) consistently surrounded by FTA and ramets surrounded by crustose coralline algae (CCA) were used as controls. FTA removal reduced coral stress, indicated by increased TT and ZD and lower MI. The measured effects were similar in magnitude for the short and long periods of algal removal. Ramets were more stressed at the end of gametogenesis compared with the beginning, with lower ZD and Chl a cm(-2), and higher MI. However, it was not possible to distinguish the stress caused by the presence of FTA from that caused by seasonal changes in seawater temperature. Ramets surrounded by CCA showed less stress in comparison with ramets surrounded by FTA: with higher TT, Chl a cm(-2) and ZD, and lower MI values. Coral responses indicated that ramets with FTA suffered the most deleterious effects and contrasted with those measured in ramets surrounded by CCA. According to published studies and our observations, there could be at least six mechanisms associated to FTA in the stress caused to M. annularis by FTA. Owing to the high cover of FTA (in contrast to macroalgae and CCA) in the Caribbean, the chronic stress, the overgrowth and mortality that this functional algal group can cause on M. annularis species complex, a further decline of this important reef-building coral in the Caribbean is expected.

  7. The effect of filamentous turf algal removal on the development of gametes of the coral Orbicella annularis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neidy P Cetz-Navarro

    Full Text Available Macroalgae and filamentous turf algae (FTA are abundant on degraded coral reefs, and the reproductive responses of corals may indicate sub-lethal stress under these conditions. The percentage of gametogenic stages (PGS and the maximum diameter of eggs (MDE; or egg size of Orbicella annularis were used to evaluate the effect of long- (7-10 months and short-term (2.5 months FTA removal (treatments T1 and T2, respectively at both the beginning (May and the end (August of gametogenesis. Ramets (individual lobes of a colony surrounded by FTA (T3 or crustose coralline algae (CCA; T4 were used as controls. The removal of FTA enhanced the development of gametes (i.e., a larger and higher percentage of mature gametes (PMG of O. annularis for T1 vs. T3 ramets in May and T1 and T2 vs. T3 ramets in August. Similar values of PGS and MDE between gametes from T3 and T4 in both May and August were unexpected because a previous study had shown that the same ramets of T4 (with higher tissue thickness, chlorophyll a cm-2 and zooxanthellae density and lower mitotic index values were less stressed than ramets of T3. Evaluating coral stress through reproduction can reveal more sensitive responses than other biological parameters; within reproductive metrics, PGS can be a better stress indicator than egg size. The presence of turf algae strongly impacted the development of gametes and egg size (e.g., PMG in ramets with FTA removal increased almost twofold in comparison with ramets surrounded by FTA in August, most likely exerting negative chronic effects in the long run due to the ubiquity and permanence of turf algae in the Caribbean. These algae can be considered a stressor that affects coral sexual reproduction. Although the effects of turf algae on O. annularis are apparently less severe than those of other stressors, the future of this species is uncertain because of the combined impacts of these effects, the decline of O. annularis populations and the almost

  8. The effect of filamentous turf algal removal on the development of gametes of the coral Orbicella annularis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetz-Navarro, Neidy P; Carpizo-Ituarte, Eugenio J; Espinoza-Avalos, Julio; Chee-Barragán, Guillermina

    2015-01-01

    Macroalgae and filamentous turf algae (FTA) are abundant on degraded coral reefs, and the reproductive responses of corals may indicate sub-lethal stress under these conditions. The percentage of gametogenic stages (PGS) and the maximum diameter of eggs (MDE; or egg size) of Orbicella annularis were used to evaluate the effect of long- (7-10 months) and short-term (2.5 months) FTA removal (treatments T1 and T2, respectively) at both the beginning (May) and the end (August) of gametogenesis. Ramets (individual lobes of a colony) surrounded by FTA (T3) or crustose coralline algae (CCA; T4) were used as controls. The removal of FTA enhanced the development of gametes (i.e., a larger and higher percentage of mature gametes (PMG)) of O. annularis for T1 vs. T3 ramets in May and T1 and T2 vs. T3 ramets in August. Similar values of PGS and MDE between gametes from T3 and T4 in both May and August were unexpected because a previous study had shown that the same ramets of T4 (with higher tissue thickness, chlorophyll a cm-2 and zooxanthellae density and lower mitotic index values) were less stressed than ramets of T3. Evaluating coral stress through reproduction can reveal more sensitive responses than other biological parameters; within reproductive metrics, PGS can be a better stress indicator than egg size. The presence of turf algae strongly impacted the development of gametes and egg size (e.g., PMG in ramets with FTA removal increased almost twofold in comparison with ramets surrounded by FTA in August), most likely exerting negative chronic effects in the long run due to the ubiquity and permanence of turf algae in the Caribbean. These algae can be considered a stressor that affects coral sexual reproduction. Although the effects of turf algae on O. annularis are apparently less severe than those of other stressors, the future of this species is uncertain because of the combined impacts of these effects, the decline of O. annularis populations and the almost complete

  9. Native Grasses as a Management Alternative on Vegetated Closure Caps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwit, Charles; Collins, Beverly

    2008-06-01

    Capped waste sites often are vegetated with commercial turf grasses to increase evapotranspiration and prevent erosion and possible exposure of the barrier. Fertilizer, frequent watering, and mowing may be required to establish the turf grass and prevent invasion by trees and shrubs. Oldfield vegetation of grasses and forbs is a possible sustainable alternative to turf grass communities. To determine if oldfield vegetation can establish on caps, we (1) compared establishment of a dominant oldfield grass and a commercial turf grass under different combinations of new closure cap management: spring or summer planting and presence or absence of amendments to alleviate drought (watering, mulch) or increase soil fertility (fertilizer, lime, a nitrogen-fixing legume); (2) surveyed existing caps to determine if oldfield species establish naturally; and (3) performed a greenhouse experiment to compare growth of two native grasses under low and amended (added water, soil nutrients) conditions. Both the commercial grass and oldfield species established under new cap conditions; fertilizer, water, and mulch improved vegetation establishment in spring or summer, but legumes decreased grass cover. In the greenhouse, both native grasses grew best with amendments; however, substantial stem and root length were obtained with no fertilizer and only once-weekly watering. Existing vegetated caps supported planted grasses and naturally established oldfield species. Overall, the results indicate native grasses can establish on new caps and oldfields can serve as a management model; further work is needed to determine the management strategy to maintain herbaceous vegetation and slow woody species invasion.

  10. Effect of Monument on turf weeds control in gol f course%抹绿对高尔夫球场草坪杂草防治效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳岭; 谢新春; 张巨明; 刘天增

    2013-01-01

    华南地区高尔夫球场中牛筋草(Eleusine indica)、马唐(Digitaria sanguinalis)、水蜈蚣(Ky-llingabrevifolia)、碎米莎草(Cyperusiria)、日照飘拂草(Fimbristylismiliacea)等恶性杂草危害严重,是该地区高尔夫球场养护管理中最重要的问题之一。在该区高尔夫球场常用的老鹰草(Tifeagle Ber-mudagras)草坪和结缕草(Zoysiajaponica)草坪上分别进行独立试验,通过杂草受害盖度、中毒症状、鲜重防效、草坪景观质量、安全性等几个方面,探究发现药剂抹绿(MONUMENT)对三叶鬼针草(Bi-dens pilosa )、马唐、水蜈蚣、日照飘拂草、夏飘拂草(Fimbristylis aestwalis )、碎米莎草、畦畔莎草(C. haspan)、石胡荽(Centipedaminima)、含羞草(Mimosa pudica)有极佳防效。%Exotic weeds including Eleusine indica,Digitaria sanguinalis,Kyllinga brevifolia,Cyperus iria,Fimbristylis miliacea are seriously damaging the golf course in south China,which is one of significant problems in daily management and maintenance of golf course turf.This study was conducted to test the weed control effect of MONUMENT herbicide on turfgrasses (Cynodon dactylon cv.Tifeagle and Zoysia japonica) in golf course.The weeds coverage,symptoms,control efficiency,turf quality,and safety to turfgrasses were measured after applying the herbicide.The results indicated that MONUMENT have excellent control effect on Bidenspilosa,Digitariasanguinalis,Mimosapudica,Kyllingabrevifolia,Fimbristylismiliacea,Fimbristylis miliacea,Cyperus iria,Centipedaminima.

  11. Global Account Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Wulff, Vlad Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Global account management (GAM) has become a critical issue for many multinational corporations that compete in a fast changing global market environment. In this article, we approach GAM from a benchlearning perspective, synthesize selected literature and examine case studies in order to underline...... the importance of multilevel relationships in strategic business-to-business relationships. The purpose of this study is to address various issues related to multilevel relationships in strategic partnerships (e.g. the recruitment of the global account manager and his supporting team, turf wars and compensation...

  12. Global Account Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Wulff, Vlad Stefan

    2012-01-01

    Global account management (GAM) has become a critical issue for many multinational corporations that compete in a fast changing global market environment. In this article, we approach GAM from a benchlearning perspective, synthesize selected literature and examine case studies in order to underline...... the importance of multilevel relationships in strategic business-to-business relationships. The purpose of this study is to address various issues related to multilevel relationships in strategic partnerships (e.g. the recruitment of the global account manager and his supporting team, turf wars and compensation...

  13. The study on the perceptions of radiological technologist in medical imaging equipment used by the oriental doctor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jae Ho [Dept. of Radiological Technology, Ansan University, Ansan (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Gi Bong [Dept. of Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Shinhan University, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); and others

    2017-03-15

    In order to examine how Radiological Technologists perceive the oriental doctor's use of Medical Imaging Equipment, surveys were conducted for the members of the Korean Radiological Technologists Association. The total number of respondents were 515 and 481, with 34 insincere responses removed caused of nonvalidated answer. The results of the analysis are as follows. Although there were no statistical significance in the difference in perception by location of residence, work place, and educational background, respondents with higher education showed a tendency to agree on the use of comprehensive medical imaging equipment, but tended to oppose the use of special medical imaging equipment. Differences in perception by gender showed a greater negative perception toward the oriental doctor's use of medical imaging equipment by women than men. In particular, women showed more negative tendency for oriental doctor's use of special medical imaging equipment such as MRI, CT, and ultrasound equipment compared to men, and this was statistically significant. The difference in perception by age showed that the oriental doctor's use of medical imaging equipment was negative in the 20∼30s, neutral in the 40∼50s, and positive in the 60s, which were statistically significant. The difference in perception by work experience showed that the longer the work experience was, the more positive it was toward oriental doctor's use of medical imaging equipment. Specifically, the most favorable tendency was found with work experience of more than 30 years, which was statistically significant. The results of this study revealed the Radiological Technologists' perceptions on the oriental doctor's use of Medical Imaging Equipment and this can contribute to the direction of public health promotion in the future.

  14. Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists Fundamental Principles and Applications for Biologists, Chemists, Computer Scientists, and Nanotechnologists

    CERN Document Server

    Sanghera, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Presenting quantum physics for the non-physicists, Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists is a self-contained, cohesive, concise, yet comprehensive, story of quantum physics from the fields of science and technology, including computer science, biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology. The authors explain the concepts and phenomena in a practical fashion with only a minimum amount of math. Examples from, and references to, computer science, biology, chemistry, and nanotechnology throughout the book make the material accessible to biologists, chemists, computer scientists, and non-techn

  15. Research about Turf Mixtures in South Transition Zone%南过渡带混播草坪组合研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵连春; 张晓庆

    2012-01-01

    Under the environment and the management measures in south transition zone,we studied species mixed ratio of turfgrass, and the designed mixtures had been compared to each other. The results were as follows: The mixture of Barlexas 40%+Barrera 30%+Baronie 20%+Pinnacle 10% was the best ,the other mixtures were second to it. The variety of density and the speed of growth were according to the logic curve. From the expression of the mixtures during seeding stage,we could conclude that the higher proportion of Tall fescue or Perennial ryegrass in the mixtures the better it would be.But the proportion of Perennial ryegrass would be better to be less than 20 percent .With the growth of the turfgrass ,the propotion of the Tall rescue was steady,while the proportion of Perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass had been on the decline .But after some time about one year ,the proportion of Kentucky bluegrass had been becoming more and more again.The Creeping bent grass would be better to be seeded singly.Bermuda grass could be mixed with Tall rescue or Kentucky bluegrass.but in winter the view of it was not good. Finally,in the view of turf formation speed,quality of turf ,insectpest and disease etc ,the ideal ratio of Tallfescue,Kentucky bluegrass and Perennial ryegrass was 7:2:1,and it would be better if the Tall fescue consisted of defferent species.%在南过渡带的生境及一定的养护条件下,对多种混播草坪组合设计进行了评比,结果表明:混播组合高羊茅(Festuca arundinacea)凌志40%+高羊茅锐步30%+早熟禾(Poapratensis)男爵20%+黑麦草(Loliumperenne)顶峰10%表现最好。其次为高羊茅凌志30%+高羊茅锐步30%+早熟禾巴润20%+黑麦草顶峰20%;其余表现不好。从苗期表现来看,黑麦草及高羊茅的比例高者表现好。从成坪后期来看,黑麦草的比例不宜过多,最好不超过20%。混播组合中,随着草坪利用年限的延

  16. Pesticide-free management of weed on golf courses: Current situation and future challenges, European Journal of Turfgrass Science 45(2/14)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anne Mette Dahl; Norman Petersen, Karin; Aamlid, Trygve

    2014-01-01

    will discuss findings from these experiments/knowledge collection cases in order to visualize the dilemmas of pesticide-free management of weeds on turf areas, primarily golf course fairways. It is concluded that mechanical management of weeds is difficult and must be targeted and differentiated depending......, especially on fairways, and there is a demand for sustainable solutions. The basic assumption in pesticide-free lawn maintenance is that the amount of weeds can be limited by stimulating the competitive ability of the turf grasses. Weeds are also presumed to be inhibited by mechanical maintenance...

  17. Evaluation of a laboratory system intended for use in physicians' offices. I. Reliability of results produced by trained laboratory technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsey, R; Goitein, R K; Baer, D M

    1987-07-17

    The accuracy and precision of the Kodak DT-60 tabletop chemistry analyzer were evaluated in the clinical laboratory at the Portland (Ore) Veterans Administration Medical Center, and its operational throughout and cost were estimated. All DT-60 tests that were studied exhibited clinically acceptable precision and, except for the glucose method, accuracy. The accuracy of the glucose method was indeterminate with the available data. Throughput under field conditions was found to be less than half of the manufacturer's claim. The estimated supply cost per test could vary from $1.20 to $5.49 per test, depending on the test type and the number of assays expected to be performed daily. The instrument seems to be accurate, precise, and generally reliable when operated by professional medical technologists.

  18. [Toward the promotion of effective communication between medical doctors and medical technologists--strategy beyond the team].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satoh, Miyuki; Koshiba, Masahiro

    2009-02-01

    It is essential to establish effective communication between medical doctors (MDs) and medical technologists (MTs), such as during telephone conversations, to ensure high quality and clinically significant laboratory test results. However, the level of communication between MDs and MTs is still inadequate in Japan. Suggested here in are resources to promote effective MD-MT communication through a case analysis of severe sepsis with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), since, even today, DIC remains life-threatening, and the rapid response of the clinical laboratory is critical. Recently, in our laboratory, a Customer Support Center has been launched to improve the information flow between MDs and MTs and support further mutual understanding. In conclusion, effective communication between MDs and MTs will result in faster and higher quality laboratory tests that are essential for efficient diagnosis and treatment, and thus ensure a better outcome for patients.

  19. Creating New Technologists of Research in the 1960s: The Case of the Reproduction of Automated Chromatography Specialists and Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerontas, Apostolos

    2014-08-01

    Chromatographic instrumentation has been really influential in shaping the modern chemical practice, and yet it has been largely overlooked by history of science.Gas chromatography in the 1960s was considered the analytical technique closer to becoming dominant, and being the first automated chromatography set the standards that all the subsequent chromatographic instrumentation had to fulfill. Networks of specialists, groups of actors, corporate strategies and the analytical practice itself, were all affected and in many ways because of the entrance of gas chromatography in the chemical laboratory and in the instrumentation market. This paper gives a view of the early history of the gas chromatography instrumentation, relates it to the broader research-technology phenomenon and discusses issues of education and group reproduction in the case of the groups of technologists of the era. The chaotic elements of knowledge transfer during the instrumentation revolution in chemistry are being highlighted and they are being connected to the observable radical innovation of the period.

  20. Combined effects of bio-fertilizer and citric acid on turf quality and soil biology on a calcareous soil%菌肥与柠檬酸互作对石灰性土壤生物学特性及草坪质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强; 姚拓; 马晖玲

    2014-01-01

    Nutrient management is an essential part of turf management;nitrogen (N)and phosphate (P)fer-tilizers are commonly applied to improve turf quality.However,little research on the effect of supplementary fertilizers,such as citric acid and bio-fertilizer,on turf quality has been carried out.This study was initiated to examine the effects of the combined application of citric acid and bio-fertilizer on the turf quality and soil biolog-ical characteristics on a calcareous soil.The results revealed that the combination of citric acid and bio-fertiliza-tion significantly increased the population of soil microorganisms,especially actinomycetes in the lower soil profile.Citric acid significantly improved the level of available phosphorus and the combination of citric acid and bio-fertilizer significantly improved turf quality provided N &P fertilizer application was adequate.%在草坪的日常管理中,肥料施用是一个必不可少的环节。在实际生产中,一般通过常规的氮、磷肥施用促进草坪草的生长,达到提高和改善草坪质量的目的,而通过施用微生物肥料和柠檬酸等辅助性肥料来改善土壤微生物环境、提高土壤养分有效性,从而促进草坪的生长方面研究较少。本文研究了柠檬酸和促生菌肥的互作处理对冷季型草坪质量及土壤生物学特性的影响,从而探讨柠檬酸和促生菌肥提高草坪草质量的机理,为草坪的科学管理提供理论依据。研究表明,1)一定量菌肥配合柠檬酸增加了石灰性土壤中微生物数量,尤其是深层土壤放线菌数量,且提高了土壤蔗糖酶和脲酶的活性。2)柠檬酸的施用,显著提高了土壤中有效磷含量。3)在一定量的氮、磷肥施用水平下,柠檬酸和促生菌肥有效提高了草坪质量。

  1. Task Descriptions in Diagnostic Radiology. Research Report No. 7. Volume 2, Radiologic Technologist Tasks Dealing with Patient Procedures. Part II: Tasks 387 through 526.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilpatrick, Eleanor

    Part II of the second of four volumes in Research Report No. 7 of the Health Services Mobility Study (HSMS), this book is the remainder of Chapter 3, which contains 76 task descriptions covering most of the medical activities carried out by radiologic technologists. The steps of the task descriptions are presented in logical sequence in…

  2. Task Descriptions in Diagnostic Radiology. Research Report No. 7. Volume 2, Radiologic Technologist Tasks Dealing with Patient Procedures. Part I: Tasks 7 through 386.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilpatrick, Eleanor

    Part I of the second of four volumes in Research Report No. 7 of the Health Services Mobility Study (HSMS), this book contains 76 task descriptions covering most of the medical activities carried out by radiologic technologists. Chapter I of this volume defines "tasks" and tells how the descriptions were developed. Chapter 2 lists the…

  3. Survey of Hospitals and Manufacturers of Biomedical Instrumentation Concerning Variables Related to the Development and Implementation of a Bio-Med Instrumentation Technologist Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaumberg, Gary F.

    The Bio-Med Instrumentation Technologist Questionnaire was sent to 105 hospitals in the Southern California area that had electronic instrumentation for patient monitoring purposes. Sixty completed questionnaires were returned. Twenty manufacturers of bio-medical instrumentation were sent the questionnaires and seven responded. Some of the…

  4. Discussion on Weed Integrated Removal Prevention of Dike Turf%关于堤身草皮杂草综合防除的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金玉生

    2014-01-01

    堤身草皮的杂草防除是一项十分繁重的日常养护工作,杂草的清除效果直接影响堤容堤貌,关系堤防工程的景观效果。本文分析了堤身草皮杂草特点、除草方式,对全年度堤身草皮杂草综合防除进行规划并提出了相应的建议。%The weed removal of dike turf is very onerous routine maintenance work.Weed removal effect directly affects dike appearance , which is related to landscape effect of dike project.In this paper , the characteristics of weeds and weed control methods are analyzed .The whole-year dike turf weed integrated removal plan and corresponding suggestions are proposed.

  5. Suitable hardness range of soccer turf; Soccer kyogi ni tekishita tennenshiba kyogijo field men no katasa han'i no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawada, H. [Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Ono, H. [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-09-30

    In the CIV measurement most spread at present as a means for measuring hardness of the field surface of a natural turf ground, it was elucidated that the ideal range by the official evaluation standard is greatly different from the distribution of measurement results in five large domestic fields. Consequently, in order to examine the validity of the official evaluation standard, measurement was done on various kinds of test surface mainly of natural turf by means of the 'measuring apparatus for hardness of sport surface', an already established technology in evaluating hardness of the surface of athletic facilities, with comparison made with measurement results by an existing evaluation technology such as CIV. Consequently, a range harder than one in the official standard was considered as suitable for soccer. In addition, it revealed that the CIV measurement had a possibility of causing a difference from human sense by the degree of hardness on the field. (translated by NEDO)

  6. Evaluation of Turf-Grass and Prairie-Vegetated Rain Gardens in a Clay and Sand Soil, Madison, Wisconsin, Water Years 2004-08

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selbig, William R.; Balster, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with a consortium of 19 cities, towns, and villages in Dane County, Wis., undertook a study to compare the capability of rain gardens with different vegetative species and soil types to infiltrate stormwater runoff from the roof of an adjacent structure. Two rain gardens, one planted with turf grass and the other with native prairie species, were constructed side-by-side in 2003 at two locations with different dominant soil types, either sand or clay. Each rain garden was sized to a ratio of approximately 5:1 contributing area to receiving area and to a depth of 0.5 foot. Each rain garden, regardless of vegetation or soil type, was capable of storing and infiltrating most of the runoff over the 5-year study period. Both rain gardens in sand, as well as the prairie rain garden in clay, retained and infiltrated 100 percent of all precipitation and snowmelt events during water years 2004-07. The turf rain garden in clay occasionally had runoff exceed its confining boundaries, but was still able to retain 96 percent of all precipitation and snowmelt events during the same time period. Precipitation intensity and number of antecedent dry days were important variables that influenced when the storage capacity of underlying soils would become saturated, which resulted in pooled water in the rain gardens. Because the rooftop area that drained runoff to each rain garden was approximately five times larger than the area of the rain garden itself, evapotranspiration was a small percentage of the annual water budget. For example, during water year 2005, the maximum evapotranspiration of total influent volume ranged from 21 percent for the turf rain garden in clay to 25 percent for the turf rain garden in sand, and the minimum ranged from 12 percent for the prairie rain garden in clay to 19 percent for the prairie rain garden in sand. Little to no runoff left each rain garden as effluent and a small percentage of runoff returned to the

  7. Social-Ecological Collapse: TURF Governance in the Context of Highly Variable Resources in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime A. Aburto

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In Chile, a Territorial User Rights for Fisheries system was developed to manage benthic fisheries. This system is referred to as Management Areas for the Exploitation of Benthic Resources. Management areas involved a shift from top-down control by governments to comanagement. We have analyzed the effects of a highly variable fishery, characterized by boom-and-bust cycles, on the governance of local institutions designed for resource management. We focused on a case study in north central Chile, in which the surf clam fishery experienced high levels of variability when the fishery was in an open access system. The management areas were established for the fishery in 1999. As a result, a set of rules for the fishery were created and enforced by fishers and local fishery authorities. Despite intense efforts on the part of all stakeholders, the fishery collapsed after three years of management area policy. This approach has been shown to be an effective management option for other species; however, for resources with boom-and-bust cycles, it is important to understand the response pattern of users confronting this spatial and temporal variability before the establishment of territorial user rights. Defining the appropriate spatial scale of the territorial rights could allow fishers to switch among different surf clam beds to maintain their livelihood and support the sustainability of local institutions for resource management.

  8. Best Practice Irrigation Management and Extension in Peri-Urban Landscapes--Experiences and Insights from the Hawkesbury-Nepean Catchment, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maheshwari, B. L.; Plunkett, M.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this article to examine key irrigation management issues and their implications for future research and extension developments. Design/Methodology/Approach: Peri-urban landscapes are important as they supply fresh fruit, vegetables, turf, ornamental plants and other farm products to the cities. In this study, the…

  9. Best Practice Irrigation Management and Extension in Peri-Urban Landscapes--Experiences and Insights from the Hawkesbury-Nepean Catchment, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maheshwari, B. L.; Plunkett, M.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this article to examine key irrigation management issues and their implications for future research and extension developments. Design/Methodology/Approach: Peri-urban landscapes are important as they supply fresh fruit, vegetables, turf, ornamental plants and other farm products to the cities. In this study, the…

  10. An Artificial Turf-Based Surrogate Surface Collector for the Direct Measurement of Atmospheric Mercury Dry Deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naima L. Hall

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the development of a new artificial turf surrogate surface (ATSS sampler for use in the measurement of mercury (Hg dry deposition. In contrast to many existing surrogate surface designs, the ATSS utilizes a three-dimensional deposition surface that may more closely mimic the physical structure of many natural surfaces than traditional flat surrogate surface designs (water, filter, greased Mylar film. The ATSS has been designed to overcome several complicating factors that can impact the integrity of samples with other direct measurement approaches by providing a passive system which can be deployed for both short and extended periods of time (days to weeks, and is not contaminated by precipitation and/or invalidated by strong winds. Performance characteristics including collocated precision, in-field procedural and laboratory blanks were evaluated. The results of these performance evaluations included a mean collocated precision of 9%, low blanks (0.8 ng, high extraction efficiency (97%–103%, and a quantitative matrix spike recovery (100%.

  11. An Artificial Turf-Based Surrogate Surface Collector for the Direct Measurement of Atmospheric Mercury Dry Deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Naima L.; Dvonch, Joseph Timothy; Marsik, Frank J.; Barres, James A.; Landis, Matthew S.

    2017-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a new artificial turf surrogate surface (ATSS) sampler for use in the measurement of mercury (Hg) dry deposition. In contrast to many existing surrogate surface designs, the ATSS utilizes a three-dimensional deposition surface that may more closely mimic the physical structure of many natural surfaces than traditional flat surrogate surface designs (water, filter, greased Mylar film). The ATSS has been designed to overcome several complicating factors that can impact the integrity of samples with other direct measurement approaches by providing a passive system which can be deployed for both short and extended periods of time (days to weeks), and is not contaminated by precipitation and/or invalidated by strong winds. Performance characteristics including collocated precision, in-field procedural and laboratory blanks were evaluated. The results of these performance evaluations included a mean collocated precision of 9%, low blanks (0.8 ng), high extraction efficiency (97%–103%), and a quantitative matrix spike recovery (100%). PMID:28208603

  12. Effects of Seed Maturity of Turf-Type Tall Fescue on the Seed Vigor and the Optimal Harvesting Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Rong; HAN Jian-guo

    2003-01-01

    By assay of accelerated aging germination, germination index, vigor index, seedling length,seedling weight, electric conductivity, dehydrogenase activity, ATP content and acid phosphoesterase activityduring seed development of turf-type tall fescue, the seed vigor of tall fescue were studied. Combining withseed moisture content and yield, the optimal harvesting time of tall fescue was determined. The results indica-ted that the seed vigor increased continuously along with seed maturity, and the higher seed vigor was achievedat 19th day after perk anthesis and maintained continuously until 31st day after peak anthesis. At 25th day af-ter peak anthesis, the highest yield of 3 533 kg ha-1 and the good quality of seeds of tall fescue were harvestedwith 32.19% moisture content. From 22nd to 31st day after peak anthesis, the seed yield of 3 300 kg ha-1 andthe good quality seeds of tall fescue were harvested with 40 -12.43% moisture content, and the span was theoptimal harvesting time.

  13. Study of Radiologic Technologists' Perceptions of Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) Competence and Educational Issues in Western Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floyd, Daniel M; Trepp, Errol R; Ipaki, Maryam; Ng, Curtise K C

    2015-06-01

    Although the implementation of picture archiving and communication system (PACS) could increase productivity of radiology departments, this depends on factors such as the PACS competence of radiologic technologists (RTs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the RTs' perceptions of PACS competence and educational issues in Western Australia (WA). A hardcopy questionnaire was distributed to WA RTs for obtaining their perceptions of PACS competence and educational issues. Descriptive (percentage of frequency, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (t test and analysis of variance) were used to analyze the responses of the multiple choice and five-point scale questions from the returned questionnaires. The questionnaire response rate was 57.7% (173 out of 300). The mean values of all PACS competence questions except questions 2e-g are in the range of 3.9-4.9, i.e., around competent to very competent. Participants indicated they received adequate PACS training (mean 3.8). Statistically significant variables influencing RTs' perceptions of their PACS competence and educational issues including the age (p education received (p education programs should be tailored to different RTs' groups. For example, multiple training modules might be necessary to support the PACS competence development of older RTs and those with lower general computer literacy.

  14. Effects of long-term low dose radiation. Epstein-Barr virus-specific antibodies in radiological technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumagai, Etsuko; Higashida, Yoshiharu; Onomichi, Mitsukazu; Nakamura, Ikuo; Tanoue, Shozo; Tanaka, Ryuji; Kumagai, Takashi; Katsuki, Takato; Sawada, Shozo.

    1988-09-01

    To clarify the long-term effects of occupational exposure to low doses of radiation, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific antibody titers in sera from 104 radiological technologists (R.T.) and 118 controls in Kumamoto prefecture were measured by the immunofluorescence method. Antibody titers to viral capsid antigen (VCA)-IgG increased with the years of experience as R.T., and the prevalence of abnormal antibody titers to both VCA-IgG and early antigen (EA)-IgG were significantly higher in R.T. with over 15 years of experience or 30 rads of cumulative radiation dose than in the controls. However, there was no correlation between exposure and the frequency of abnormal EBV-associated nuclear antigen (EBNA) antibody titers. The EBV-specific antibody titers of 24 Hiroshima atomic-bomb survivors were also measured. They were similar to those of the R.T. with over 30 years of experience. The EBV-specific antibody titers of R.T. suggest that there may be an impairment of immunologic competence after continuous long-term exposure to low doses of radiation. Also, the correlation of EBV-specific antibody titers and frequency of cells with chromosome aberrations in 53 R.T. was studied. Some correlations were found between the antibody titers to both of the VCA-IgG and EBNA and the frequency of cells with chromosome aberrations.

  15. Investigation of errors by radiological technologists and evaluation of preventive measures: general and mobile X-ray examinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Hiroshi; Fukushi, Masahiro; Shinoda, Naoki; Miyamoto, Akira; Hirata, Masaharu; Ishidate, Miyako; Kuraishi, Masahiko; Doi, Kunio

    2010-07-01

    The first objective in this study was to identify the errors of incidents and accidents that occurred in general and mobile X-ray examinations. Based on the analysis of results, the second purpose in this study was to propose useful measures to prevent such errors. As much as 553 radiological technologists in the Gunma Prefecture were surveyed on their experience with errors related to general and mobile X-ray examinations. The questionnaire asked for descriptions of errors experienced during examinations and the responses given (multiple answers possible), and evaluations of the degree of busyness on a five-point scale. A total of 115 questionnaires were returned. Analysis revealed that there was no significant relationship between errors and degree of busyness for either general or mobile examinations. The most frequent error both in general and in mobile examinations was to X-ray a patient mistakenly, the cause of which was cited as failure to confirm the patient's name. After the use of solution priority number to evaluate proposed preventive measures, such as finger-pointing and call, independent double-checks, and verbal self-confirmation would be the simplest and most easily implemented countermeasure.

  16. [Psychosocial risk of fossilization by occupationally-used non-native Englishin information and communication technologists of Argentina].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, Silvana Valeria; Buonanotte, Federico; Frankel, Lilian; Brizuela, Monica; Serra, Mariel; Soria, Elio Andres

    2016-01-01

    Companies use non-native language (L2) as a service tool, and they may incur in occupational psychosocial risks. Interlanguage can be chronic under poor communicative situations, leading to fossilization. It could be an adverse effect because of its impact in productivity and occupational health. Thus, our aim was to establish factors of this psychosocial risk. 348 information and communication technologists (ICT) were analyzed. They were native Spanish speakers with normal hearing, and used English as a work tool. Age, gender, L2 stages and errors were recorded in relation to fossilization risk. Statistical methods were applied for categorical data (p<0.05). After gender and age adjustments, a significant inverse association was found between L2 stages and fossilization risk (p<0.0001), with higher risk being in the acquisition stage. Also, L2 errors showed a significant direct relation with fossilization risk (p=0.0005). Summing up, ICT in acquisition L2 had upper psychosocial risk to fossilization with mechanistic execution of it, under poorer communicative formats. This results have high sanitary impact given they involved a massively demanded professionals.

  17. Cancer mortality among radiological technologists in Japan. Updated analysis of follow-up data from 1969 to 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshinaga, Shinji; Yoshimoto, Yasuhiko [National Inst. of Radiological Sciences, Chiba (Japan); Aoyama, Takashi; Sugahara, Tsutomu

    1999-04-01

    A retrospective cohort study was conducted for 12,195 male radiological technologists who received the occupational exposure to low dose radiation over a long term. A total of 1,097 deaths including 435 from cancer were ascertained by Koseki and death certificates from 1969 to 1993. Cancer mortality among the study population was basically compared with that of whole Japanese men. The significant low SMRs were obtained for all cancers, stomach and lung cancer partly due to Healthy Worker Effect, unlike the results of the early reports with some inappropriateness in the methods. Apparent high risks of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers were observed, although none of site-specific cancers revealed the statistically significant increase. For these cancers, the SMRs among old sub-cohort were somewhat higher than those of young sub-cohort, whereas similar SMRs for solid cancer were obtained between the two sub cohorts. The SMR for leukemia reached statistically significant level of 1.75 (95%Cl: 1.07-2.71) when using whole professional and technical workers as a standard population. The study results might suggest that the chronic exposure to low-dose radiation enhanced the risk of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers. (author)

  18. Impact of turf management pesticide and fertilizer inputs on the incidence of malformations in the New Jersey frog population

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This investigation examined the incidence of skeletal malformations in metaphoric anurans developing in golf course water hazards. Metamorphing anurans were...

  19. Maintenance and Management of Sport Turf%运动草坪的养护与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树华; 康茹; 周冬柏; 张艳红

    2009-01-01

    根据一些运动草坪的立地共性和管理经验,从灌水、施肥、修剪、覆沙、打孔、病害防治等方面的草坪养护管理进行了讨论,以供体育场管理养护人员参考.

  20. Nuclear medicine practices in the 1950s through the mid-1970s and occupational radiation doses to technologists from diagnostic radioisotope procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drozdovitch, Vladimir; Brill, Aaron B; Mettler, Fred A; Beckner, William M; Goldsmith, Stanley J; Gross, Milton D; Hays, Marguerite T; Kirchner, Peter T; Langan, James K; Reba, Richard C; Smith, Gary T; Bouville, André; Linet, Martha S; Melo, Dunstana R; Lee, Choonsik; Simon, Steven L

    2014-10-01

    Data on occupational radiation exposure from nuclear medicine procedures for the time period of the 1950s through the 1970s is important for retrospective health risk studies of medical personnel who conducted those activities. However, limited information is available on occupational exposure received by physicians and technologists who performed nuclear medicine procedures during those years. To better understand and characterize historical radiation exposures to technologists, the authors collected information on nuclear medicine practices in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. To collect historical data needed to reconstruct doses to technologists, a focus group interview was held with experts who began using radioisotopes in medicine in the 1950s and the 1960s. Typical protocols and descriptions of clinical practices of diagnostic radioisotope procedures were defined by the focus group and were used to estimate occupational doses received by personnel, per nuclear medicine procedure, conducted in the 1950s to 1960s using radiopharmaceuticals available at that time. The radionuclide activities in the organs of the reference patient were calculated using the biokinetic models described in ICRP Publication 53. Air kerma rates as a function of distance from a reference patient were calculated by Monte Carlo radiation transport calculations using a hybrid computational phantom. Estimates of occupational doses to nuclear medicine technologists per procedure were found to vary from less than 0.01 μSv (thyroid scan with 1.85 MBq of administered I-iodide) to 0.4 μSv (brain scan with 26 MBq of Hg-chlormerodin). Occupational doses for the same diagnostic procedures starting in the mid-1960s but using Tc were also estimated. The doses estimated in this study show that the introduction of Tc resulted in an increase in occupational doses per procedure.

  1. Resource Manual Development for Quality Management in the Radiologic Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Dale E.

    A study determined elements to be included in developing a resource manual to assist radiologic technologists in completing quality management (QM) activities in diagnostic imaging. The study included these parts: a literature review; survey to assess effectiveness, content features, and improvement of six categories of resource materials…

  2. Turf wars: authority and responsibility for the investigation of mass graves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Mark; Sterenberg, Jon

    2005-07-16

    Mass graves are complex products of large-scale crimes. Such scenes pose four conceptual challenges to investigators and forensic experts: the individual victim, the crime, the setting, and the statistical. Exhumation and post-mortem examination of mortal remains with associated personal and forensic evidence require integrated management of core forensic personnel including investigators, archaeologists, anthropologists, odontologists and pathologists, among whom there is overlapping expertise. The key to avoiding competition and ill-will among experts is to recognize that all such experts should be enabled to make known how their expertise matches with the temporal and spatial boundaries of victim, crime and setting. In turn, they should be apprised of where they fit into the overall judicial process and their limits within the investigation. Consequently, each expert requires access to the factual background of the case, to the site and its contents throughout the investigation. Each forensic team member has a responsibility to influence the investigation--throughout its course when possible--to make findings within their areas of expertise, and to make these available to the rest of the team so as to contribute most meaningfully to the aims of the investigation, both forensic and humanitarian. The on-site crime scene manager has an overarching role to enable integrated access to the complete scene and its contents by each forensic expert team member. In other words, the forensic scientist is given access and the ability to influence the investigation while control of evidence from the site as to identity and criminal activity are maintained by the crime scene manager. This contribution is directed at both the crime scene manager and each forensic expert; it describes the essential spatial and temporal parameters of an expert's opinion so as to encourage cooperation, and discourage conflict, within the forensic team.

  3. Cactus, Riparian Habitat, and Turf Grass: Water Budget and Policy Implications of Vegetation Change Under Urban Heat Island and Effluent Irrigation in the Southwest U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, C. A.

    2008-12-01

    This paper assesses the impacts of two urban growth drivers--urban heat island (UHI) and effluent irrigation--on the landscaping vegetation component of water budgets in semi-arid southern Arizona, and has policy significance for other urbanizing regions facing water scarcity. Landscaping irrigation, accounting for up to half of the study area's urban water demand, is influenced by vegetation type, UHI temperature and evapotranspiration, and water type (potable or effluent). Conservation programs that have resulted in widespread adoption of low-flow indoor plumbing fixtures and appliances currently identify irrigation of lawns, trees, and other landscaping as targets to reduce water use. At the same time, however, high water-demand turf grass is expanding on golf courses, public parks, and campuses that are irrigated using effluent that historically has supported riparian corridor habitat. Tucson, Arizona's UHI over 1969-2006 is characterized by a 0.043 degC/yr increase in annual average differences between urban - nonurban minimum temperatures (Tmin). The most pronounced trends in urban Tmin increases are 0.097 degC/yr for the months of March, April, May, and June corresponding to the pre- monsoon period of highest outdoor water demand. The UHI Tmax and reference evapotranspiration trends are less marked but indicate increasing irrigation demand for both residential and public landscaping. Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) from Landsat Thematic Mapper for 1984-2005 shows that vegetation, particularly turf on golf courses, is increasing in Tucson's expanding urban fringe but has largely stabilized or is marginally decreasing in the urban core. Regression analysis of NDVI with water use (records only available for 2000-2006) shows mixed results. The tradeoff between water conservation for residential landscaping and expanding turf grass on public landscaping at the cost of riparian corridors is explored from dual water budget and policy perspectives.

  4. Pediatric CT quality management and improvement program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larson, David B.; Chan, Frandics P.; Newman, Beverley; Fleischmann, Dominik [Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Stanford, CA (United States); Molvin, Lior Z. [Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, CA (United States); Wang, Jia [Stanford University, Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford, CA (United States)

    2014-10-15

    Modern CT is a powerful yet increasingly complex technology that continues to rapidly evolve; optimal clinical implementation as well as appropriate quality management and improvement in CT are challenging but attainable. This article outlines the organizational structure on which a CT quality management and improvement program can be built, followed by a discussion of common as well as pediatric-specific challenges. Organizational elements of a CT quality management and improvement program include the formulation of clear objectives; definition of the roles and responsibilities of key personnel; implementation of a technologist training, coaching and feedback program; and use of an efficient and accurate monitoring system. Key personnel and roles include a radiologist as the CT director, a qualified CT medical physicist, as well as technologists with specific responsibilities and adequate time dedicated to operation management, CT protocol management and CT technologist education. Common challenges in managing a clinical CT operation are related to the complexity of newly introduced technology, of training and communication and of performance monitoring. Challenges specific to pediatric patients include the importance of including patient size in protocol and dose considerations, a lower tolerance for error in these patients, and a smaller sample size from which to learn and improve. (orig.)

  5. Implementation of a Point-of-Care Radiologist-Technologist Communication Tool in a Quality Assurance Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, Leonard; Elnajjar, Pierre; Nyman, C Gregory; Mair, Thomas; Juluru, Krishna

    2017-07-01

    We implemented an Image Quality Reporting and Tracking Solution (IQuaRTS), directly linked from the PACS, to improve communication between radiologists and technologists. IQuaRTS launched in May 2015. We compared MRI issues filed in the period before IQuaRTS implementation (May-September 2014) using a manual system with MRI issues filed in the IQuaRTS period (May-September 2015). The unpaired t test was used for analysis. For assessment of overall results in the IQuaRTS period alone, all issues filed across all modalities were included. Summary statistics and charts were generated using Excel and Tableau. For MRI issues, the number of issues filed during the IQuaRTS period was 498 (2.5% of overall MRI examination volume) compared with 78 issues filed during the period before IQuaRTS implementation (0.4% of total examination volume) (p = 0.0001), representing a 625% relative increase. Tickets that documented excellent work were 8%. Other issues included images not pushed to PACS (20%), film library issues (19%), and documentation or labeling (8%). Of the issues filed, 55% were MRI-related and 25% were CT-related. The issues were stratified across six sites within our institution. Staff requiring additional training could be readily identified, and 80% of the issues were resolved within 72 hours. IQuaRTS is a cost-effective online issue reporting tool that enables robust data collection and analytics to be incorporated into quality improvement programs. One limitation of the system is that it must be implemented in an environment where staff are receptive to quality improvement.

  6. Radiologic science for technologists

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bushong, S.C.

    1988-01-01

    This book provides in-depth coverage of physics, biology and protection for the radiologic technology student. It presents a significant portion of all of the science required of radiologic technology students under one cover. Chapter content reflects a readable and practical organization with outlines listed on the first page of each chapter and sample problems at the end. New to this edition are: new and expanded sections on radiation techniques, digital imaging, and magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound.

  7. Information Technologist (The)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Software approach to minimizing problems of student-lecturer interaction in higher ... Motivation and librarians' productivity in academic libraries in Nigeria · EMAIL ... Impact of conference attendance on librarians' leadership development: the ...

  8. Technologists for Nuclear Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Huey D.

    1974-01-01

    Physicians need support personnel for work with radioisotopes in diagnosing dangerous diseases. The Nuclear Medicine Technology (NMT) Program at Hillsborough Community College in Tampa, Florida, is described. (MW)

  9. Pressure pain sensitivity changes after use of shock-absorbing insoles among young soccer players training on artificial turf: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madeleine, Pascal; Hoej, Brian P; Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, César; Rathleff, Michael S; Kaalund, Søren

    2014-08-01

    Prospective, randomized, controlled single-blind intervention trial. Shock-absorbing insoles (SAIs), compared with usual insoles, were hypothesized to result in larger increases in pressure pain threshold (PPT) after 3 weeks of use. Shock-absorbing insoles can decrease self-reported pain among young soccer players training on artificial turf. However, nothing is known about the underlying changes in pain sensitivity assessed by PPT. Methods Seventy-five players were included from the youth teams of under 15, under 17, and under 19 years of age, playing for the Aalborg Boldspilklub (AaB) professional sports club. After a randomization stratified by team and age, players were divided into 2 groups, one that received SAIs and a control group that used their usual insoles. Assessments were made in both groups after 3 weeks of training on artificial turf (baseline) and 3 weeks later (follow-up). The primary outcome was change in PPTs from baseline to follow-up, with PPTs measured over 13 locations on the plantar surface of the foot, leg, and low back of the nonpreferred kicking leg. A significantly larger increase was found in PPTs from baseline to follow-up for the SAI group compared with the control group (mean difference, 62 kPa; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 40, 85 kPa). The PPTs increased significantly more among the SAI group compared with the control group (Ppressure sensitivity and pain perception.

  10. Effects of Two Football Stud Types on Knee and Ankle Kinetics of Single-Leg Land-Cut and 180° Cut Movements on Infilled Synthetic Turf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Hunter J; Brock, Elizabeth; Brosnan, James T; Sorochan, John C; Zhang, Songning

    2015-10-01

    Higher ACL injury rates have been recorded in cleats with higher torsional resistance in American football, which warrants better understanding of shoe/stud-dependent joint kinetics. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in knee and ankle kinetics during single-leg land cuts and 180° cuts on synthetic infilled turf while wearing 3 types of shoes. Fourteen recreational football players performed single-leg land cuts and 180° cuts in nonstudded running shoes (RS) and in football shoes with natural (NTS) and synthetic turf studs (STS). Knee and ankle kinetic variables were analyzed with a 3 × 2 (shoe × movement) repeated-measures ANOVA (P < .05). A significant shoe-by-movement interaction was found in loading response peak knee adduction moments, with NTS producing smaller moments compared with both STS and RS only in 180° cuts. Reduced peak negative plantar flexor powers were also found in NTS compared with STS. The single-leg land cut produced greater loading response and push-off peak knee extensor moments, as well as peak negative and positive extensor and plantar flexor powers, but smaller loading peak knee adduction moments and push-off peak ankle eversion moments than 180° cuts. Overall, the STS and 180° cuts resulted in greater frontal plane knee loading and should be monitored for possible increased ACL injury risks.

  11. Ornamental and Turf Pest Control for Commercial Applicators: Pest Control of Ornamental Plants; NCR 12, Lawn Diseases in the Midwest; NCR 26, Lawn Weeds and their Control. Manual 89.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, W. S., Comp.; And Others

    This training manual provides information needed to meet the minimum EPA standards for certification as a commercial applicator of pesticides in the ornamental and turf pest control category. The text discusses pest control of ornamental plants, lawn diseases, and lawn weeds and their control. (CS)

  12. Reduction of adult fingers visualized on pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) chest radiographs after radiation technologist and PICU staff radiation safety education

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tynan, J.R.; Duncan, M.D.; Burbridge, B.E., E-mail: jentynan@hotmail.com [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Royal Univ. Hospital, Dept. of Medical Imaging, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada)

    2009-10-15

    A recent publication from our centre revealed a disturbing finding of a significant incidence of adult fingers seen on the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) chest radiographs. This is inappropriate occupational exposure to diagnostic radiation. We hypothesized that the incidence of adult fingers on PICU chest radiographs would decline after radiation safety educational seminars were given to the medical radiation technologists and PICU staff. The present study's objectives were addressed by using a pretest-posttest design. Two cross-sectional PICU chest radiograph samples, taken before and after the administration of radiation safety education for our medical radiation technologists and PICU staff, were compared by using a {chi}{sup 2} test. There was a 61.2% and 76.9% reduction in extraneous adult fingers, directly exposed to the x-ray beam and those seen in the coned regions of the film, respectively, on PICU chest radiographs (66.7% reduction overall). This reduction was statistically significant ({chi}2 = 20.613, P < .001). Limiting unnecessary occupational radiation exposure is a critical issue in radiology. There was a statistically and clinically significant association between radiation safety education and the decreased number of adult fingers seen on PICU chest radiographs. This study provides preliminary evidence in favour of the benefit of radiation safety seminars. (author)

  13. Matching of Resources and the Design of Organizations for Project Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cunningham, S.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses a problem common to many high-technology firms. How can firms select and resource appropriate projects while balancing the needs of management as well as technologists? We argue that such problems result in social dilemmas for organizations, requiring practical institutional des

  14. Favorable Financial Turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Tianjin's Binhai New Area lures the financial industry with preferential treatment If you were thinking about doing financial business in Shanghai, Hong Kong or Beijing, think again. Early in June this year, the State Council approved the establishment of a financial experimental zone for Tianjin's Binhai New Area, which will get preferential treatment that other cities can hardly expect to attain. While for a time the area's administration had to actively court financial institu-

  15. [For the improvement of management and assurance in clinical laboratories of education hospitals--from the meeting of clinical laboratory members of public university or college hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Hiroshi

    2004-03-01

    Clinical laboratory members, composed of medical doctors, laboratory technologists and office staff from 8 public university or college hospitals and one medical center, have an annual meeting, in which achievements including tested numbers, income, outsourcing ratio, and so on were reported and various agendas from each institution were discussed. The number of agendas for general discussion and in the technologist division has been increasing, which reflects that variables, including management in clinical laboratories, needing solutions have been increasing. Information obtained through discussion could help in the determination of management and the improvement of education and quality assurance in clinical laboratories.

  16. Urbanisation-related land use change from forest and pasture into turf grass modifies soil nitrogen cycling and increases N2O emissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Delden, Lona; Rowlings, David W.; Scheer, Clemens; Grace, Peter R.

    2016-11-01

    Urbanisation is becoming increasingly important in terms of climate change and ecosystem functionality worldwide. We are only beginning to understand how the processes of urbanisation influence ecosystem dynamics, making peri-urban environments more vulnerable to nutrient losses. Brisbane in South East Queensland has the most extensive urban sprawl of all Australian cities. This research estimated the environmental impact of land use change associated with urbanisation by examining soil nitrogen (N) turnover and subsequent nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions using a fully automated system that measured emissions on a sub-daily basis. There was no significant difference in soil N2O emissions between the native dry sclerophyll eucalypt forest and an extensively grazed pasture, wherefrom only low annual emissions were observed amounting to 0.1 and 0.2 kg N2O ha-1 yr-1, respectively. The establishment of a fertilised turf grass lawn increased soil N2O emissions 18-fold (1.8 kg N2O ha-1 yr-1), with highest emissions occurring in the first 2 months after establishment. Once established, the turf grass lawn presented relatively low N2O emissions for the rest of the year, even after fertilisation and rain events. Soil moisture was significantly higher, and mineralised N accumulated in the fallow plots, resulting in the highest N2O emissions (2.8 kg N2O ha-1 yr-1) and significant nitrate (NO3-) losses, with up to 63 kg N ha-1 lost from a single rain event due to reduced plant cover removal. The study concludes that urbanisation processes creating peri-urban ecosystems can greatly modify N cycling and increase the potential for losses in the form of N2O and NO3-.

  17. Changes in compliance rates of evaluation criteria after health care accreditation: Mainly on radiologic technologists working at University Hospitals in Daejeon area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Eun Ju; Kim, Hyun Joo [Dept. of Public Health, The Graduate School of Konyang University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jin Yong [Public Health Medical Service, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Seok Hwan [Dept. of Radiological Science, Konyang University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    This study aimed to assess whether the changes in compliance rates of evaluation criteria after healthcare accreditation among radiologic technologists working at four university hospitals which had acquired healthcare accreditation in Daejeon metropolitan area. In this study, the evaluation criteria of healthcare accreditation were reclassified and reevaluated to three areas which include patient safety, staff safety, and environmental safety. Each area has eight, three, and five questions, respectively. Each compliance rate was quantitatively measured on a scale of 0 to 10 before and after in this study. The result shows that the overall compliance rates were decreased on all areas compared to the time healthcare accreditation was obtained. The compliance rate of hand hygiene was drastically reduced. To maintain the compliance rates, not only individuals but healthcare organizations should simultaneously endeavor. In particular, healthcare organizations should make an effort to provide continuous education opportunity to their workers and supervise the compliance regularly.

  18. Octreotide scintigraphy: practical aspects. Point of view of the nuclear medicine technologist; Scintigraphie a l'OctreoScan: aspects pratiques. Le point de vue du manipulateur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bretaudeau, C.; Davy, G. [CHU La Miletrie, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 86 - Poitiers (France)

    2009-11-15

    Evaluation of neuroendocrine tumors extent comprises a somatostatin receptor scintigraphy with OctreoScan. This examination begins with the radiopharmaceutical preparation and its quality control (dose, visual appearance, radiochemical purity, ph). The radiopharmaceutical is administered intravenously at a slow rate with respect of the contra-indications and recommendations. The patient's good respect of low residue diet and digestive preparations is essential for a good imaging quality. In addition, the technologist's psychological role (particularly for people suffering from claustrophobia) and adequate procedures must be taken into account. Several days are necessary to perform the examination that comprises whole body and planar (thoracic and abdominal) views, combined SPECT-CT imaging. This hybrid modality using fused images allows a good anatomical localisation of focal areas of increased uptake even in case of faint uptake. Some false-positive can be avoided (colonic stasis, gall bladder). SPECT-CT contribution to the diagnosis is certain. (authors)

  19. [Present situation and future prospects of the certification system for medical technologists--from the viewpoint of the Japanese Society of Clinical Cytology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatakeyama, Shigeharu; Hirooka, Yasuaki

    2012-06-01

    The circumstances surrounding the certification examination for cytotechnologists in Japan are closely related with the history of the Japanese Society of Clinical Cytology. The examination for cytotechnologists is open only to medical technologists. The examination has two parts: primary and secondary. Qualification for candidacy for the secondary examination requires candidates to have passed the primary examination. The rate of successful applicants in the past 10 years was approximately 25-40%. Certified cytotechnologists are required to renew their qualifications every 4 years for their study and job history. I will present the purpose of the qualification update system, future themes, the reporting system for cytodiagnosis, and the possibility that the certification examination for cytotechnologists will become a national examination.

  20. Formación encadenada de técnicos, tecnólogos e ingenieros en telecomunicaciones / Formation tied of technicians, technologists and engineers in telecommunication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Echeverri Jiménez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En la formación de técnicos, tecnólogos e ingenieros se ha diagnosticado lo siguiente: no existen encadenamientos entre estos niveles. La formación de técnicos, tecnólogos e ingenieros se confunde. Y existe un imaginario social: la formación técnica es para pobres. Esta situación afecta el desarrollo del país en dos sentidos: se ahonda el estado de dependencia tecnológica; se abre más la brecha socioeconómica, en tanto los técnicos no tienen un reconocimiento acorde con la importancia de su labor, o los ingenieros son mal remunerados por, supuestamente, hacer lo mismo que hace un técnico. Esta Propuesta es una alternativa de solución a la problemática planteada. Se propone un programa que articula la formación de técnicos, tecnólogos e ingenieros, desde una perspectiva integral, investigativa, flexible y por competencias.In the formation of technicians, technologists and engineers the following thing has been diagnosed: linking between these levels does not exist. The formation of technicians, technologists and engineers is confused. And a social one exists imaginary: the technical formation is for poor men. This situation affects the development of the country in two-way traffic: the state of technological dependency goes deep; he opens himself plus the socioeconomic breach, in as much the technicians they do not have an agreed recognition with the importance of his work, or the engineers badly are remunerated by, supposedly, doing just like a technician does.

  1. Effect of environmental substrate on the growth of Sedum lineare turf and its structural stability%环保基质对佛甲草草毯生长及其结构稳定性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永安; 张金莎; 舒东膂; 赵淙云; 刘裕子

    2014-01-01

    Deadwood and fallen leaves which collected from Hunan Forest Botanic Garden through a series of process of crushing,stirring,fermenting,drying,smashing and packing to produce special substrates for Sedum lineare turf,the effect of special substrates on the growth of Sedum lineare turf and its structural stability was studied. The results showed that,these substrates were proved that can perfectly substitute peat moss,keep total costs down above 50%on Sedum lin-eare turf production,and meanwhile the average speed in covering improved one or two times . The suitable height of substrates in Sedum lineare turf was 1 -3 cm,and the optimal proportion was 50% substrates with 50% planting soil (volume ratio).%于湖南省植物园内集中收集的枯枝、落叶经过破碎、调制、发酵、干燥、粉碎、包装等工艺生产出适合于佛甲草草毯的专用基质,研究该基质对佛甲草草毯生长及其结构稳定性的影响。结果表明:自制环保基质可完全替代泥炭土,佛甲草草毯生产的综合成本下降50%以上;平均成坪速度提高1~2倍;佛甲草草毯基质适宜厚度为1-3 cm,最佳组合比例为50%基质+50%种植土(体积比)。

  2. 2009 Mississippi Curriculum Framework: Postsecondary Nuclear Medicine Technology. (Program CIP: 51.0905 - Nuclear Medical Technology/Technologist)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boney, Linda; Lee, Joanne; Pyles, Alice; Whitfield, Stacy

    2009-01-01

    As the world economy continues to evolve, businesses and industries must adopt new practices and processes in order to survive. Quality and cost control, work teams and participatory management, and an infusion of technology are transforming the way people work and do business. Employees are now expected to read, write, and communicate…

  3. [Perspective for clinical laboratory management and its systematization--effects of the systematization of clinical laboratory management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, S

    1993-04-01

    There are a large number of ideas concerning the systematization of clinical laboratory management. Therefore many types of laboratory systems have been constructed. As our hospital is not large, we adopted a small scale laboratory system. In introducing it, we expected not only an increase in value-added labor productivity by automating laboratory tests, but also an improvement in technologist's cost awareness. Consequently, new system equipment has itself performed the former in many sections, but not the latter. Improvement in cost awareness was caused by the technologist's routine work in managing reagent and material stocks. We found that this soft-type systematization has been more important than the advanced hard-type system.

  4. Nutrient removal from horticultural wastewater by benthic filamentous algae Klebsormidium sp., Stigeoclonium spp. and their communities: From laboratory flask to outdoor Algal Turf Scrubber (ATS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Junzhuo; Danneels, Bram; Vanormelingen, Pieter; Vyverman, Wim

    2016-04-01

    Benthic filamentous algae have evident advantages in wastewater treatment over unicellular microalgae, including the ease in harvesting and resistance to predation. To assess the potentials of benthic filamentous algae in treating horticultural wastewater under natural conditions in Belgium, three strains and their mixture with naturally wastewater-borne microalgae were cultivated in 250 ml Erlenmeyer flasks in laboratory as well as in 1 m(2) scale outdoor Algal Turf Scrubber (ATS) with different flow rates. Stigeoclonium competed well with the natural wastewater-borne microalgae and contributed to most of the biomass production both in Erlenmeyer flasks and outdoor ATS at flow rates of 2-6 L min(-1) (water velocity 3-9 cm s(-1)), while Klebsormidium was not suitable for growing in horticultural wastewater under the tested conditions. Flow rate had great effects on biomass production and nitrogen removal, while phosphorus removal was less influenced by flow rate due to other mechanisms than assimilation by algae. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Requirements in the Overseas Employment and Domestic Connected Education for Radiological Technologists : Refers to Students Enrolled in the Department of Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Eun Ok; Kim, Boo Soon [Dept. of Radiologic Technology, Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-06-15

    This study investigated the realities of information acquirements and its requirements in the overseas employment and domestic connected education for students at the department of radiation in order to provide basic information for developing the standard educational curriculum for future internationalization in the education of radiation and presenting its direction. The investigation implemented in this study was performed through a questionnaire with 688 students enrolled in the department of radiation. The conclusion of the investigation is summarized as follows : The answers for the question of 'No acquirements in the information of the overseas employment and connected education for radiological technologists' were 487 students (70.8%), and the reason that 'There are no chances in related education' was the highest rate, 424 students (61.6%), of the answers. In the education for the overseas employment, the answers for the question of 'Select a connected education program in school instead of study abroad' were the highest rate, 436 students (63.4%). The most concerned country for the overseas employment was 'Australia', 247 students (35.9%). As a result, answers for the interest, participation, need, and hope for the overseas employment showed high rates even though they demonstrated a low recognition level in the overseas employment. In addition, it is necessary to strategically plan an education program for this issue because all participants agree with the current stream.

  6. The new radiation protection ordinance from the viewpoint of the nuclear medicine technologist; Die neue Strahlenschutzverordnung aus der Sicht der medizinisch-technischen Radiologieassistentin/des medizinisch-technischen Radiologieassistenten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, S. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany)

    2002-05-01

    The new radiation protection ordinance for the first time acknowledges the role of the nuclear medicine technologists for the technical assistance in the use of radiopharmaceuticals and radiation with human beings in medicine. Therefore changes are required for the technologists in terms of their qualification and continuing education during their professional life and in the daily routine in a nuclear medicine department. The new ordinance clearly defines which group of people is allowed to work as nuclear medicine technologists and also which special knowledge in radiation protection is mandatory to make sure that nobody without this certified education is performing the work of a nuclear medicine technologist. The new effective dose limit for people working with radiation will not change the daily work, but new regulations for pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers working in nuclear medicine will bring dramatic changes. (orig.) [German] Die neue Strahlenschutzverordnung beruecksichtigt zum ersten Mal ausdruecklich die Rolle des medizinisch-technischen Personals bei der 'technischen Mitwirkung bei der Anwendung radioaktiver Stoffe oder ionisierender Strahlung am Menschen in der Heilkunde oder der Zahnheilkunde'. Dadurch ergeben sich fuer die MTRA neue Anforderungen in Bezug auf Ausbildungsvoraussetzungen, berufliche Fortbildung und auch auf die Ablaeufe in der taeglichen Routine. Der Personenkreis, der zur technischen Mitwirkung berechtigt ist, wurde genau definiert, ebenso wie dessen Fachkunde, mit der nun sichergestellt werden soll, dass keine Personen ohne Kenntnisse im Strahlenschutz die Taetigkeiten der MTRA ausfuehren. Die neu festgelegte Obergrenze der effektiven Dosis fuer beruflich strahlenexponiertes Personal wird fuer das technische Personal keine merkbaren Auswirkungen mit sich bringen, dafuer aber die Neuerungen bezueglich der Beschaeftigung von Schwangeren und stillenden Frauen. (orig.)

  7. [From JSLH (The Japanese Society for Laboratory Hematology): An Active Team Approach to Medicine as Laboratory Technologists, through Showing Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood Samples Directly to Patients with Hematological Malignancy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Sanae; Kojima, Yukari; Saito, Kyoko; Wada, Hisako; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Morinaga, Koji; Kawai, Yasukazu; Haba, Toshihiro

    2014-11-01

    The clinical path for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients has been in practice in our hospital since 2003. In the clinical path, laboratory technologists take on the role of explaining the microscopic findings in bone marrow and peripheral blood samples to patients (with or without their families) using the view-sharing microscope in our laboratory. From July 2003 to October 2014, 56 patients were enrolled in the AML clinical path and given an explanation of their bone marrow and peripheral blood samples. The patients' median age was 62, and the median time spent for explanation was 40 minutes. We conducted a questionnaire feedback survey involving those who enrolled, and the results showed significant improvement in the recognition of the disease pathophysiology, treatment efficacy, and the importance of precautions against infectious diseases. Based on the feedback, we have made marked efforts to provide patients with an improved environment during the explanatory session. This includes installing a special display for the patients, drawing a schematic illustration that shows how the blood cells differentiate, and putting them into operation in a hematology ward to promote patient privacy and precautions against infectious diseases. Hematological laboratory technologists have played an important role in patient care in our hospital. To perform their role as effectively as possible, hematological laboratory technologists participate in the conferences of the Department of Hematology and Oncology regularly, in which medical staff members can discuss the conditions and clinical courses of patients. We aim to contribute to patient satisfaction by sophisticating specialized knowledge as hematological laboratory technologists and cooperate with other medical staff members.

  8. Towards Sustainability: Effective Operations Strategies, Quality Management and Operational Excellence in Banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Tornjanski

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to extend and deepen the understanding the ways toward economic sustainability through efficient and effective growth operations strategies, quality management and operational excellence in banking. In this study we define new quality management practices based on developed conceptual architecture of digital platform for operations function in banking. Additionally, we employ decision making framework consisted of two parts: introduction of new operations services using Total Unduplicated Reach and Frequency (TURF statistical analysis and segregation of core from actual and augmented operations services utilizing Analytic Network Process (ANP method based on BOCR model. Proposed quality management practices were used for the first time in this paper for particular purposes and have the high potential to impact the excellence in banking business. The study can contribute to operations management, quality management, innovation management, IT management, business process management and decision making in service organizations.

  9. The incidence and nature of injuries sustained on grass and 3rd generation artificial turf: a pilot study in elite Saudi National Team footballers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almutawa, M; Scott, M; George, K P; Drust, B

    2014-02-01

    To compare the incidence, severity and nature of injuries sustained by Saudi National Team footballers during match-play and training on natural grass and 3rd generation (3G) artificial turf. Injury data was collected on all Saudi National Team players competing at the Gulf Cup (Yemen December 2010: 3G) and the Asian Cup (Qatar January 2011; grass). A total of 49 players were studied (mean ± SD; Age 27 ± 4 yr; body mass 71.4 ± 6.7 kg; height 176.8 ± 6.3 cm; professional playing experience 9 ± 3 yr) of which 31 competed at the Gulf Cup, 32 at the Asian Cup (14 at both). A prospective cohort design was used to investigate the incidence, nature and severity of injuries sustained with data collected using a standardised injury questionnaire. All data were collected by the team physiotherapist with the definition of injury set at any injury that required player and clinician contact. Injury and exposure data were collected and reported for games, training and all football activity. A total of 82 injuries [incidence - 56.1 per 1000 h total game and training exposure] were recorded at the Asian Cup (grass) and 72 injuries [incidence - 37.9 per 1000 h total game and training exposure] were recorded at the Gulf Cup (3G). Incidence data for training, game and all football exposure injury rates were higher when playing on grass. The vast majority of injuries on both surfaces were very minor that, whilst requiring medical attention, did not result in loss of match/training exposure. Injuries that resulted in 1-3 days absence from training or game play had similar incidence rates (Grass: 7.4 vs. 3G: 7.4 injuries per 1000 h exposure). More severe injuries were less frequent but with a higher incidence when playing on grass. Lower limb injuries were the most common in both tournaments with a higher incidence on grass (Grass: 14.2 vs. 3G: 7.9 injuries per 1000 h exposure). Muscle injuries were the most frequent of all injuries with similar incidence rates on

  10. The Multi-Scale Response of Water Quality, Biodiversity and Carbon Sequestration to Coupled Macronutrient Cycling from Source to Sea: TURF2SURF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Andrew; Emmett, Bridget; Jago, Colin; Stutter, Marc; Biggs, Jeremy

    2016-04-01

    Turf2Surf is a large, multi-disciplinary project that aims to test the hypothesis that the spatial and temporal patterns of water quality, C sequestration and biodiversity are better explained through the large-scale coupling of C, N and P cycles than by single cycle, single system approaches. To achieve this, a catchment-scale study of the River Conwy (349 km2) in Wales is being done with emphasis on determining when, where and how coupled macronutrient (C, N, P) cycling occurs in the biogeochemical hot-spots of the soils, the riparian zone, instream and in the river-estuarine transition zone. A major integrated measurement programme is now largely complete. New data are being analysed to understand which soil properties have greatest influence on above and below-ground productivity including plant traits and how microbial processing is controlled by stoichiometry and nutrient priming. Within the stream network, new understanding is being produced on the in-river algal and whole ecosystem (metabolic) response to CNP additions and the factors affecting the fate and cycling of organic matter. In the estuary, initial results indicate a subsurface jet is causing stratification and a velocity anomaly has been observed. Both are important in terms of suspended matter transport and floc break-up. An integrated model is being built to describe the soil-atmosphere-vegetation processes which is linked, firstly, to flow and water quality models that describe the CNP flux transport and transformations from the headwaters to the estuary and, secondly, to biodiversity models. The purpose of the integrated model is to quantify how coupled CNP cycles may respond to environmental change and thereby affect C sequestration, water quality and biodiversity in the future. The team are now in the major phase of data synthesis and model development and are interested in linking with similar studies involving coupled CNP cycles across the atmospheric

  11. [Current states and future aspects of graduate schools for adult graduate students: experiences of the master's course as a medical technologist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obara, Takehiro; Suwabe, Akira

    2012-12-01

    The educational system for medical technologists (MTs) has gradually shifted from a three-year technical school system to a four-year university system. It is worthwhile for MTs to advance to a graduate school, in order to improve their routine-work skills, performances, and also to advance their own research as well as to learn how to direct younger MTs. Recently, MTs who advance to the graduate school as adult graduate students are increasing. In this article, the current states and future aspects of the graduate school of Iwate Medical University are reported. In our Department of Central Clinical Laboratory in Iwate Medical University Hospital, three of my colleagues have completed the master's course of the graduate school as adult graduate students, and three are currently attending the school. Nevertheless, none of them has advanced to the doctor's course yet. The primary reason why they do not advance is the heavy burden on any adult graduate students physically, mentally, and financially to study in the graduate school and carry out routine duties at the same time. Thus, in order to encourage MTs to go or to graduate school education, it is important to arrange systems which will enable MTs to advance to the graduate school as adult graduate students. I believe there are three key elements to make this possible. Firstly, prepare easier access to curriculums for MTs to study special fields and learn special skills. Secondly, arrange an increase in the salary scheme depending on the degree attained from the graduate school. Thirdly, provide financial support for graduate school expenses. In conclusion, it is expected that a large number of MTs will advance to the graduate school if these changes for a better educational environment are made.

  12. Polymorphisms in estrogen biosynthesis and metabolism-related genes, ionizing radiation exposure, and risk of breast cancer among US radiologic technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurdson, Alice J; Bhatti, Parveen; Chang, Shih-Chen; Rajaraman, Preetha; Doody, Michele M; Bowen, Laura; Simon, Steven L; Weinstock, Robert M; Linet, Martha S; Rosenstein, Marvin; Stovall, Marilyn; Alexander, Bruce H; Preston, Dale L; Struewing, Jeffery P

    2009-11-01

    Ionizing radiation-associated breast cancer risk appears to be modified by timing of reproductive events such as age at radiation exposure, parity, age at first live birth, and age at menopause. However, potential breast cancer risk modification of low to moderate radiation dose by polymorphic estrogen metabolism-related gene variants has not been routinely investigated. We assessed breast cancer risk of 12 candidate variants in 12 genes involved in steroid metabolism, catabolism, binding, or receptor functions in a study of 859 cases and 1,083 controls within the US radiologic technologists (USRT) cohort. Using cumulative breast dose estimates from a detailed assessment of occupational and personal diagnostic ionizing radiation exposure, we investigated the joint effects of genotype on the risk of breast cancer. In multivariate analyses, we observed a significantly decreased risk of breast cancer associated with the CYP3A4 M445T minor allele (rs4986910, OR = 0.3; 95% CI 0.1-0.9). We found a borderline increased breast cancer risk with having both minor alleles of CYP1B1 V432L (rs1056836, CC vs. GG, OR = 1.2; 95% CI 0.9-1.6). Assuming a recessive model, the minor allele of CYP1B1 V432L significantly increased the dose-response relationship between personal diagnostic X-ray exposure and breast cancer risk, adjusted for cumulative occupational radiation dose (p (interaction) = 0.03) and had a similar joint effect for cumulative occupational radiation dose adjusted for personal diagnostic X-ray exposure (p (interaction) = 0.06). We found suggestive evidence that common variants in selected estrogen metabolizing genes may modify the association between ionizing radiation exposure and breast cancer risk.

  13. Meeting the challenges of global nuclear medicine technologist training in the 21st century: the IAEA Distance Assisted Training (DAT) program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Heather E; Nunez, Margarita; Philotheou, Geraldine M; Hutton, Brian F

    2013-05-01

    Many countries have made significant investments in nuclear medicine (NM) technology with the acquisition of modern equipment and establishment of facilities, however, often appropriate training is not considered as part of these investments. Training for NM professionals is continually evolving, with a need to meet changing requirements in the workforce. Even places where established higher education courses are available, these do not necessarily cater to the practical component of training and the ever-changing technology that is central to medical imaging. The continuing advances in NM technology and growth of applications in quantitative clinical assessment place increases the pressure on technologists to learn and practice new techniques. Not only is training to understand new concepts limited but often there is inadequate training in the basics of NM and this can be a major constraint to the effective use of the evolving technology. Developing appropriate training programs for the broader international NM community is one of the goals of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). A particularly successful and relevant development has been the program on 'distance assisted training (DAT) for NM professionals'. The development of DAT was initiated in the 1990s through Australian Government funding, administered under auspices of the IAEA through its Regional Cooperative Agreement, involving most countries in Asia that are Member States of the IAEA. The project has resulted in the development of a set of training modules which are designed for use under direct supervision in the workplace, delivered through means of distance-learning. The program has undergone several revisions and peer reviews with the current version providing a comprehensive training package that is now available online. DAT has been utilized widely in Asia or the Pacific region, Latin America, and parts of Africa and Europe. Currently there are approximately 1000 registered participants

  14. Diagnostic Medical Sonographers and Cardiovascular Technologists, Technicians, Including Vascular Technologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... should take courses in anatomy, physiology, physics, and math. Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations Most employers prefer to ... the skills needed in this occupation. Entry-level Education Typical level of education that most workers need ...

  15. 武汉地区草坪的建植与管理技术要点%Key techniques of turf esatblishment and management in wuhan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩烈保; 杨建华

    2001-01-01

    @@ 武汉地区地处北纬30°33′,东经114°24′,属亚热带湿润季风气候,年均降水量1 282mm,平均相对湿度79%,夏季炎热,暴雨频繁,且时间长,极端最高温达40℃以上,冬季平均最低气温一3℃,极端最低温在一15℃以下.针对这一气候特点,通过这几年的草坪生产和科研实践,初步总结出了一套在武汉地区草坪建植与管理的技术.

  16. Technique and management of turf establishment in Linzhi of Tibet%西藏林芝地区草坪建植实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨富裕; 石永岳; 张蕴薇; 苗彦军

    2004-01-01

    通过对西藏林芝地区草坪建植实践,表明该地区适合种植冷地型草坪草,而暖地型草坪草则不宜种植,同时林芝地区草坪建植实践,介绍当地草坪建植与管理技术.

  17. Establishment and Management of Turf in Yinchuan%银川地区草坪建植与管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓荣; 冯建军

    2006-01-01

    银川地区建植草坪选择多年生黑麦草、草地早熟禾和高羊茅.多年生黑麦草播种量为35g/m2,草地早熟禾播种量为20g/m2,高羊茅播种量为35g/m2,混播后进行常规管理,成坪后,不仅提高了视觉美感和观赏价值,亦增加了城市环境生态效益.

  18. 栽培管理措施对草坪枯草层的影响%Effect of Culture and Management on Turf Thatch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟文龙; 白史且; 张新全

    2001-01-01

    草坪中枯草层积累过多不但影响草坪的美观,而且会降低抗性,采取适当的栽培管理措施来减少枯草层的积累是必要的.本文重点综述了栽培管理措施中的N肥、修剪、pH、生物因子、杀菌剂、杀虫剂、垂直刈割、打孔通气及表施土壤等与枯草层的关系.

  19. Studies on establishment and management techniques on cold-season turf grasses%冷季型草坪草建植管理技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓蓉; 向清华; 梁应林

    2001-01-01

    采用正交设计进行施肥量、刈割高度、播量、草坪草品种4因素4水平试验,通过测定草坪草越冬率、越夏率、成坪时间、叶绿素、杂草盖度、生长率,初步筛选出不同目的冷季型草坪草的建植管理方案.

  20. 西安地区草坪建植与管理技术%Establishment and management of turf in Xi′an

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁双丽; 田宏

    2004-01-01

    西安地区建植草坪选择多年生黑麦草、草地早熟禾.多年生黑麦草播种量为25 g/m2,草地早熟禾播种量为10 g/m2,混播后进行常规管理,成坪后,不仅提高了视觉美感和观赏价值,亦增加了城市环境生态效益.

  1. 论运动场草坪的养护管理%The Study about Sports Field Turf Maintenance and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马春连

    2009-01-01

    运动场草坪是竞技运动不可或缺的因素之一,草坪的养护与管理尤为重要.文章对运动场草坪的修剪、施肥、灌溉、通气、覆沙、滚压以及退化草坪改良方面提出了注意事项以及各环节的方法,以期对运动草坪的养护提供参考.

  2. 假俭草草坪管理技术研究%The study on the management technique of centipedegrass turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金平; 毛凯; 游明鸿

    2001-01-01

    假俭草草坪越来越受人们的喜爱,但由于对"低维护"的不正确认识,致使草坪的质量差,寿命短.本文通过对修剪、施肥、灌溉等基本管理措施和施表土、喷生长调节剂等附加管理措施及对杂草、病虫害的控制进行了描述,明确指出对假俭草草坪进行适时、适量的管理是必要的,也是必需的,以及对假俭草草坪管理中易出现的问题进行了概括与总结.

  3. 冷季型草皮卷生产的综合管理%COMPREHENSIVE MANAGEMENT FOR PRODUCTING COOL TURF TOLL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马春梅; 马晓荣

    2002-01-01

    本文结合冷季型草皮卷生产中的浇水、镇压、除杂草、修剪、防除病虫害等各项管理措施的实际操作,提出在草皮卷生产中实施综合管理是生产高质量草皮的重要保证.

  4. 草坪养护与管理技术的研究进展%Advances in technique of turf maintenance and management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余高镜; 郭玉春; 林文雄

    2000-01-01

    综述了近年来国内外草坪养护与管理技术,包括科学的施肥水平及其生理作用与调控技术,合理的修剪高度及其频率,适宜的灌溉方法,病害的发生规律与防治策略以及除草剂的正确使用等方面的研究进展与存在的问题,并在此基础上讨论了草坪发展的进一步趋势与主攻方向.

  5. 云南曲靖地区草坪建植与管理%Turf establishment and management in Qujing of Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮晓贵; 席琳乔; 周立业

    2005-01-01

    在云南曲靖地区选择多年生黑麦草,草地早熟禾和高羊茅3种草坪草进行混播建植,播种量分别为25,10和10 g/m2.混播后进行常规管理,成坪后,不仅提高了视觉美感和观赏价值,而且增加了城市环境生态效益.

  6. The management and cultivating technology on warm season turf%暖季型草坪的科学养护管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁朝辉

    2002-01-01

    本文结合作者多年的草坪养护管理实践及科研经验,提出了暖季型草坪的科学养护管理核心技术:适时修剪、科学施肥、合理灌溉.同时还就草坪养护的全面质量管理进行了探讨.

  7. Establishment and management technology of Pennyroyal mint as roof turf%唇萼薄荷屋顶草坪建植与养护技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁朝辉; 张少艾

    2004-01-01

    通过对屋顶唇萼薄荷草坪的建植与养护管理实践,得出了屋顶建植唇萼薄荷草坪的技术要点是选用有机生态型人工基质,并设置排水层;养护要点包括合理浇水、科学施肥、适时修剪以及春秋打孔等.同时对唇萼薄荷芳香草屑的综合利用也进行了探讨.

  8. Establishment and management of turf in Hexi corridor%河西地区观赏性草坪的建植与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠文

    2000-01-01

    经6年试验,探索出一套适合在河西地区建植观赏性草坪的栽培和管理技术.河西地区选择草地早熟禾、多年生黑麦草、高羊茅3草种,按种子重量5∶2∶3的比例混播,以16g/m2的播种量下种,播种后坪床用细沙覆盖,苗前和苗期漫灌,加强抚育管理,建坪当年其品质评定指标可达到5级,且投资少,青绿期长.

  9. Career Opportunities for Food Technologists

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1986 revealed that these can generally be met by training food scientists and food ... help from a home economist, a technical service person and possibly also an ... company would work with a soft drink manufacturer in the selection of the ...

  10. Study on Turf Grass Leaf Blight of Bipolaris sorokiniana.%草坪草离蠕孢叶枯病的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘振宇; 侯新村; 张志国

    2000-01-01

    Bipolaris sorokiniana能浸染草坪禾草叶片形成梭形病斑,并可导致芽腐、苗枯、根腐、茎基腐、鞘腐等症状;病原菌在10~40℃下能够生长,最适生长温度为25℃;病原菌分生孢子在不同萌发条件中以水平萌发较好;分生孢子萌发需要空气条件,但对营养要求不严格;在20~35℃下分生孢子均可萌发,以28℃下萌发最好;八种不同药剂对病原菌的抑制效果表明,50%施保功可湿性粉剂1500倍液效果较好,其抑菌圈直径和抑制分生孢子萌发率分别为46.2mm和81.3%,其他几种药剂对孢子萌发也有较好的抑制作用。%Bipolaris sorokiniana may affect turf grass to cause leaf spot, bud rot, seedling blight, root rot, sheath rot. The temperature range of colony growth is 10~40℃, the optimum 25℃. Conidia can germinate in the temperature range of 20~35℃, and germinate best at 28℃; Conidia germinate well on slide water surface, contrary to other different methods, and they can germinate well under given air condition, but germination is not strict with nutrition. The inhibiting test of 8 kinds of fungicide showed Sporgon 50WP was most effective, and the inhibiting effect of the others was well to the conidia germination.

  11. Effect of Different Biogas Fertilizer on Turf Quality and Growth%不同用量沼肥对高羊茅草坪质量及生长的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴道明; 胡林; 郑苗壮; 程善平; 崔建宇

    2011-01-01

    采用地下渗滤系统,通过盆栽模拟试验研究了不同用量沼肥对高羊茅(Festuca arundinaces Schred.)草坪质量及生长的影响,探索沼肥在草坪上应用的可能性.结果显示:随着沼肥用量的增加,不同处理之间的草坪颜色质量、草屑带出总量、草屑中氮磷养分带出量均存在显著差异(P<0.05).在相同氮索用量200 kg N·hm-2下,化肥处理的表现优于沼肥处理,这可能与二者施用方式不同有关.当沼肥用量由200 kg N·hm-2增加为1400 kg N·hm-2时,草屑带出总量、草屑中氮、磷养分带出量分别增加了2.0,3.4和2.2倍,表明草坪在消纳利用沼肥方面具有较大的潜力.%Effects of different biogas fertilizer on turf quality and growth was investigated using simulation tests with a subsurface infiltration system. Results showed that the turf color quality, the total clipping amount and N, P values had significant differences between treatments biogas increased. Under the same amount of 200 kg N · hm-2, the quality of chemical fertilizer treatment was better than biogas fertilizer treatment. It may result from different application methods for two treatments. With biogas fertilizer application increasing from 200 kg N · hm-2 to 1400 kg N · hm-2 , the total clipping amount and N, P values increased 2.0, 3.4 and 2.2 times, respectively. These results indicated potential for biogas fertilizer application on turf growth.

  12. Weed management in tropical turfgrass areas: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uddin Kamal M.D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cultural practices promoting vigorous, environmentally friendly dense turf are discussed. These are the most important and least recognized means of preventing weed establishment and encroachment which includes appropriate propagation material selection, sanitation and cultivation, adjustment of planting time, manual weed control (hand pulling, hoeing and rouging, turfgrass selection to better compete with weed populations, applying physiological stresses, fertilizer management, moisture management, mowing, and irrigation with salt water. Cultural management of weed is important because it reduces dependence on synthetic pesticides. A healthy turfgrass stand has been reported to be the best defense against weed colonization, and can be accomplished by proper mowing, watering, and fertilization. Mowing height is the clearest and best-documented cultural factor and a lower mowing height is always associated with more weeds in the turfgrass. Split application of fertilizer at intervals throughout the growing period is recommended for warm season turfgrasses. The application of fertilizer during dormant periods or periods of low growth may encourage weed growth. Hand pulling and hoeing effectively control annual and biennial seedling weeds for small areas. Irrigation by saltwater has been one method used recently to effectively control grassy broadleaved and sedge weeds in salt-tolerant turfgrass species. Cultural weed management practices in turf might provide a first defense: however, relying only on cultural control measures may not be a good idea. An integrated approach of combining cultural practices and chemicals can complement each other and give flexibility to decision making. Research is needed on optimizing the choices of herbicide and/or cultural practices as part of an integrated management system for turfgrass.

  13. SiGesDoC: The CIEMAT corporate document and records management system. A tool for managing, saving and disseminating knowledge; SiGesDoC: El sistema de gestion documental corporativa del CIEMAT. Una herramienta para la gestion, preservacion y difusion del conocimiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin Santamaria, E.; Gonzalez Giralda, C.; Bustelo, C.; Gorostiza, C.

    2008-07-01

    The need to manage, save and disseminate technical scientific knowledge as part of the technology transfer process requires the implementation of Corporate Document and Records Management Systems that support a cultural change in the management of documentation generated in organizations as a result of their research work. In the CIEMAT, most knowledge is developed in R and D projects led by scientists and technologists and managed by the research support personnel and, therefore, it is very important to efficiently manage and control the life cycles of these projects. This article describes the implementation of a corporate document and records management system in the CIEMAT. (Author)

  14. Distance education: turf and technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickard, M R

    1992-07-01

    Distance learning fits with the mission and strategic plan of the University of Texas at Arlington. We believe these educational opportunities in nursing are highly desirable. The Board of Nurse Examiners for the State of Texas has approved this project and the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board has approved it as a pilot project. The school will continue evaluation and creative problem-solving in the use of distance education.

  15. A QUALITY SPIRAL FOR KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GRATIELA DANA BOCA

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Management of technology is crucial for all of us. It involves dealing with technical issues across a broad spectrum of functional areas. Recent innovations in the form of total quality management, reengineering work process, flexible manufacturing system have one thing in common serving the customer well thought improved operational efficiency. For instant Total Quality Management advocates emphasize the importance of achieving greater quality and flexibility at lower cost and waste. Technology is forcing organizations to become more competitive at every instance there are innovations taking place. The rapid development of models or prototypes may largely reduce the development cost and the product development cycle. In addition, they can be used in test markets prior to the entry of the product in the final production and commercialization stage. Since it is based on technological changes or improvements, the development of such models or prototypes is usually conducted by technologist, who has no regard for the cost of such a development.

  16. Managing Demands for Social Engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glerup, Cecilie

    pressure on the biotech research organizations that find themselves in a jumble of demands to engage themselves with society. Mccarthy and Kelty, for instance, quote a nano-technologist for saying that he is afraid of “too much responsibility” (2010: 407). Based on a laboratory ethnography, this paper...... general public’ or ‘the troops’. The other lab has many diffuse ‘side-activities’ with bio-hackers, government and policy groups, but partly seems to engage in order to stay ahead of policy-makers and protect their core activity, which they find to be ‘basic research’. The paper finally argues...... that the way society’s expectations are managed have severe implications on how research projects are organized and prioritized among the organizations’ employees....

  17. Effect of hydrogel and different types of fertilizers on the number of turf shoots in lawns created by monocultures of red fescue (Festuca rubra L. cultivars and its mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazimierz Jankowski

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to determine the effect of the hydrogel content in the soil substrate on the number of shoots per unit area of grass lawns with different proportions of red fescue and monoculture turf produced from the following fescue cultivars: Adio, Libano, Corail, Simone. In the period 2003-2004, a field experiment was carried out in a randomized block design in four replications. In combination with a hydrogel (Aqua-Gel P4, 0.05 kg x m-2 of sorbent was placed at a depth of 10 cm below the soil surface in 2002. Another experimental factor was the type of fertilizer. Trawovit (a fertilizer with standard effects and Sierrablen (a controlled-release fertilizer were used for this purpose. The quantities of fertilizer and time of fertilization date followed manufacturer's instructions. The number of shoots per 1 m2 was determined at the end of the growing season. The study showed that, regardless of years of cultivation, the type of soil substrate and fertilizer, the average number of shoots for the mixtures was about 32% lower than for monoculture lawns. The presence of the hydrogel in the soil substrate regulated soil moisture, and therefore in the mixture lawns the values of the tested features were significantly higher in the treatments with hydrogel. Fertilization with Trawovit, regardless of the type of soil substrate (H, BH, does not lead to a statistically significant difference in the number of shoots between the studied mixtures. However, in the treatments fertilized with Sierrablen, the presence of the hydrogel in the soil substrate caused a significant increase in the traits examined for the mixtures containing, respectively, 20 and 80% of red fescue in their composition. The addition of Aqua-Gel P4 to the soil substrate, when the turf lawns were fertilized with Trawovit, resulted in a significant increase in the number of shoots for the cultivars Adio, Libano and Corail.

  18. Influence of Rubber Particle Density in Soccer Artificial Turf on Performance and Injure%不同颗粒密度人造草坪对足球运动员运动表现及损伤的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨辰; 曲峰; 万祥林

    2015-01-01

    Objective :To reveal the influence of rubber particles density in soccer artificial turf on performance of cutting and accelerated starting movement ,to analyze the possible risk of in‐jure through biomechanical data .Methods :13 male soccer players participated in the study , three different particle densities in artificial turf were used ,collecting the data of kinematic and kinetic during cutting and accelerated starting movement .Results :With the increase in particle density ,the traction of shoe‐turf interaction increased .During the braking phase at cutting movement ,the peak ground reaction force and loading rate increased .And at the moment of the first peak GRF ,the GRF components in vertical and posterior directions and knee extention moment increased ,on the contrary ,knee adduction moment and knee abduction angle decreased in terms of the increase of filling density .During the stretching phase in cutting movement ,the GRF components increased .There is no significant difference found the acceleration of COM during accelerated starting .Conclusion :The density of rubber particles in artificial turf plays a significant role in the traction of shoe‐turf interaction ,the traction increases on the basis of the increase of rubber particles density .Under the condition of normal running speed ,the increase of the traction can provide the capacity of braking and propulsion very well ,which won’t affect sports performance on accelerated starting .The increase of the traction of shoe‐turf interaction will lead to the increase of peak GRF and loading rate during cutting breaking phase ,mean‐while resulting in changes sensitive indicators of ACL injury in the moment of the peak GRF , w hich enhances the risk of injury .%目的:揭示人造草坪不同颗粒填充密度对足球运动员侧切和起动动作表现的影响,并通过动作过程的生物力学数据分析可能的损伤危险。方法:13名男子足球运动员分别在3

  19. SOCIAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT, RESEARCH AND INNOVATION NETWORKS FOR INCLUSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ace vedo Zapata

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective is to describe the social management of knowledge through research and innovation networks to promote social inclusion. The reflection of the exploratory stage is presented within the doctoral thesis analyzing the challenges of the universities in the achievement of social inclusion with networks of research and innovation. A descriptive work was done, with documentary tracking, systematization and analysis. The findings show that it is necessary to articulate efforts in interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary networks with different actors: state, company, education, scientists, technologists and vulnerable, excluded populations, to build policies and strategies for social inclusion.

  20. Learning the ABCs (of Project Management)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frandsen, Allan

    2003-01-01

    To lead a project effectively, one has to establish and maintain the flexibility to take appropriate actions when needed. Overconstrained situations should be avoided. To get on top of matters and stay there, a manager needs to anticipate what it will take to successfully complete the job. Physical and financial resources, personnel, and management structure are all important considerations. Carving out the necessary turf up front can make a world of difference to the project's outcome. After the "what," "where," and "when" of a project are nailed down, the next question is "how" to do the job. When I first interviewed for the job of Science Payload Manager on the Advanced Composition (ACE) Explorer mission, Dr. Edward Stone (ACE Principal Investigator) asked, "Al, give me an idea of your management style." It was a question I had not considered before. I thought about it for a few seconds and then answered, "Well, the first descriptive term that comes to mind is the word "tranquility". That seemed to startle him. So I added, "I guess what I mean is, that if the situation is tranquil and the project is running smoothly, then I've anticipated all the problems and taken necessary actions to head them off." He then asked: "Have you ever reached this state?" "No," I admitted, "but I strive for it." That seemed to satisfy him because I got the job.

  1. Características morfológicas de gramas em resposta à aplicação de trinexapac-ethyl Morphological characteristics of turf grasses in response to trinexapac-ethyl application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Costa

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da aplicação de duas doses de trinexapac-ethyl sobre a morfologia das espécies de gramas São Carlos (Axonopus compressus, Batatais (Paspalum notatum, Santo Agostinho (Stenotaphrum secundatum e Esmeralda (Zoysia japonica. Os gramados foram cortados à altura de 3 cm no início do experimento e 20 dias depois. Após cada corte, foram realizadas duas aplicações sequenciais de trinexapac-ethyl nas doses de 56,5 + 56,5 e 113,0 + 113,0 g ha-1 , além de uma testemunha sem aplicação, para cada espécie avaliada. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições. A redução do crescimento foi avaliada por meio da altura das plantas. Semanalmente, o número e altura de inflorescências foram avaliados por amostragem, realizada em 0,25 m² no centro das parcelas; no final do experimento, avaliou-se a massa seca total. A aplicação do trinexapac-ethyl retardou o crescimento vegetativo e a emissão das inflorescências, assim como não provocou danos aparentes nos gramados. O uso do trinexapac-ethyl nos gramados avaliados pode reduzir a necessidade de cortes em até 55 dias após a segunda aplicação.The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of the sequential application of two rates of trinexapac-ethyl on the morphology of the following turf grass species: Broadleaf Carpetgrass (Axonopus compressus, Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum, St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum and Korean Lawngrass (Zoysia japonica. The treatments used were trinexapac-ethyl with two sprays applied at 20 day interval at two different rates (56.5 + 56.5 and 113.0 + 113.0 g ha-1 and a control without spraying, for each species. The turf grasses were cut at the height of 3 cm, and sprayed after the treatments. Twenty days after the first treatment application, the plots were cut again and the second treatment application was carried out. The experiment was arranged in

  2. Effect of simulated acid rain stress on germination of four turf grass seeds%模拟酸雨胁迫对4种草坪草种子萌发的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田如男; 张培东; 程澄

    2011-01-01

    以中性溶液(pH =7.0)为对照,研究了模拟酸雨(pH为2.0、2.5、3.0、3.5、4.0、5.0)胁迫对黑麦草(Lolium perenne)、高羊茅(Festuca arundinacea)、匍匐剪股颖(Agrostis palustris)和狗牙根(Cynodon dactylon)4种多年生草坪草种子萌发的影响.结果表明:酸雨胁迫对4种草坪草种子萌发的影响不同,pH =2.0的酸雨完全抑制了4种草坪草种子的萌发,表现为发芽率、发芽势、活力指数均为零.黑麦草、高羊茅种子能在pH:≥2.5的酸雨胁迫下正常萌发,匍匐剪股颖种子能在pH≥3.0的酸雨胁迫下正常萌发,狗牙根种子在不同程度酸雨胁迫下均萌发不良.此外,酸雨胁迫还延缓了4种草坪草种子的萌发进程.应用主成分分析和隶属函数分析法对4种草坪草种子抗酸雨胁迫能力进行综合评定,得出4种草坪草种子抗酸雨胁迫能力由强到弱的顺序依次为高羊茅、黑麦草、匍匐剪股颖、狗牙根.%The seeds of Lolium perenne, Festuca arundinacea, Agrostis palustris and Cynodon dactylon were treated with simulated acid rain at pH 2.0,2.5,3.0,3.5,4. 0,5.0 and 7. 0(as control) to study the effects of acid rain on their germination. The results showed that the seeds germination of four turf grass under acid rain stress were affected at different levels. Acid rain intensity pH 2.0 completely inhibited the seed germination of turf grass, showing no germination was observed and germination energy and vigor index was 0.0. The seeds of L. Perenne and F. Arundinacea could germinate normally under acid rain stress (pH^2. 5) ,and the seeds of A. Paluslris could germinate normally under acid rain stress (pH^3.0).The seeds of C. Dactylon germinated poorly under acid rain stress. In addition, the process of germination became slow under acid rain stress. The comprehensive evaluation results derived from principal components analysis and subordinate function analysis showed the order (from strong to weak) of anti-acid rain ability

  3. Analysis of Medical Equipment Management in Relation to the Mandatory Medical Equipment Safety Manager (MESM in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Ishida

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Half a decade has passed since the fifth revision of the medical law and mandatory appointment of a medical equipment safety manager (MESM in hospitals in Japan. During this period, circumstances have changed regarding maintenance of medical equipment (ME. We conducted a survey to examine these changes and the current situation in ME management. Maintenance of ME and related work were found to have increased in many hospitals, but the number of clinical engineering technologists (CETs has only slightly increased. The appointed MESM was a CET or physician in most hospitals. In hospitals where physicians were appointed as the MESM, 81% had operation managers. Many respondents commented that it was difficult for one person to cover all the tasks required by the MESM, due to a lack of knowledge, too much work, or other reasons. This suggests the importance of an operation manager for ME to work under the MESM.

  4. Application of Algal Turf Scrubber on Cultured Water Purification of Chiloscyllium plagiosum%条纹斑竹鲨养殖藻丛刷系统水质净化技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张达娟; 张树林; 孙茂军; 戴伟

    2015-01-01

    In order to investigate effects of algal turf scrubber(ATS)on cultivated water purification of orna-mental fish,artificial ATS was used to purify cultivated water of Chiloscyllium plagiosum and water quality indicators,including NO3--N,NO2--N,NH4+-N and PO43--P,were measured.The experiment lasted for 60d and water was not renewed.The results showed that contents of NO3--N,NO2--N,NH4+-N and PO43--P were kept in the range of 5.64~9.87mg/L,0.03~0.07mg/L,0.03~0.07mg/L and 1.33~1.78mg/L respectively dur-ing the whole experiment.It was indicated that ATS could purify cultivated water of Chiloscyllium plagio-sum effectively and maintain stabilization of water quality when shark were cultured with appropriate densi-ty and feeding dose.%利用人工构建的藻丛刷(Algal Turf Scrubber,ATS)系统处理条纹斑竹鲨养殖用水,并对水中NO3--N、NO2--N、NH4+-N和PO43--P等水质指标进行监测,以确定藻丛刷系统对观赏鱼养殖用水水质的净化效果.试验为期60d,试验期间不换水.结果表明,整个试验期间,水中NO3--N含量维持在5.64~9.87mg/L范围内,NO2--N含量维持在0.03~0.07mg/L范围内,NH4+-N含量维持在0.03~0.07mg/L范围内,PO43--P含量维持在1.33~1.78mg/L范围内.由此可见,在合适的养殖密度和适当的投饵条件下,藻丛刷系统能够有效净化鲨鱼养殖用水水质,使其在不换水情况下维持在稳定范围内.

  5. Effects of shade on soil respiration,temperature and biomass in mixed cool season turf%遮荫对冷季型混播草坪土壤呼吸速率、温度及生物量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任健; 杨春勐; 代微然; 宋丽梅; 尹以爽

    2014-01-01

    以草地早熟禾、多年生黑麦草和高羊茅组成的冷季型混播草坪为研究对象,测定了树冠遮荫41%和全光照下的草坪的土壤呼吸速率、叶绿素和地上生物量等指标。试验结果表明:(1)遮荫下混播草坪在白天的土壤呼吸速率低于光照充足下的草坪,尤其在14∶00时有着显著差异(P <0.05);(2)从土壤温度和土壤水分的日变化分析,遮荫降低了混播草坪的土壤温度,到14∶00以后与全光照处理趋于一致;土壤水分含量的变化呈先降低,后升高的趋势,从8∶00~12∶00,遮荫下的土壤水分含量均高于全光照混播草坪;(3)全光照下草坪的土壤呼吸速率与土壤水分含量存在显著的正相关,但遮荫下二者的相关性不显著;(4)遮荫显著地提高了草坪草的叶绿素 a、b 及整个叶绿素含量,降低了地上部生物量。%The paper studied the effects of tree canopy shade (41%)on soil respiration rate,chlorophyll con-tent and aboveground biomass in the mixed cool season turf with Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ),perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne )and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea ).The results showed that:1)The soil respira-tion rate of the mixed turf under tree canopy shade was lower than the turf under full sun light.There was sig-nificant difference in the soil respiration rate between two treatmens at 14:00 (P <0.05 ).2)In term of daily change of soil temperature and soil moisture,the shade decreased soil temperature,however,the soil temperature was the same between two treatments after 14∶00.However,the soil moisture in the turf under shade was high-er than that in the turf under sunlight from 8∶00~12∶00.3)There was a significant positive correlation between the soil respiration rate and the soil moisture in the turf under the sunlight.However,there was no correlation between the two indictors in the truf under shade.4)Shade significantly increased content of chlorophyll a and b

  6. Managing Written Directives: A Software Solution to Streamline Workflow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Robert H; Savir-Baruch, Bital; Gabriel, Medhat Sam; Halama, James; Bova, Davide

    2017-03-09

    A written directive (WD) is a requirement of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) regulations and is required for all uses of I-131 above 1.11 MBq (30 microcuries) and for patients receiving therapy with radiopharmaceuticals. These regulations have also been adopted and are required to be enforced by the agreement states. A paper trail method of WD management is inefficient and prone to error, loss, and duplication. As the options for therapy in Nuclear Medicine increase with the introduction of new radiopharmaceuticals, the time spent on the regulatory burden and paperwork has also increased. The management of regulatory requirements has a significant impact on physician and technologist time utilization and these pressures may increase the potential for inaccurate or incomplete WD data and subsequent regulatory violations. A software tool for the management of WDs using a HIPAA compliant database has been created. This WD software allows for the secure sharing of data among physicians, technologists and managers while saving time, reducing errors and eliminating the possibility of loss and duplication. Methods: Software development was performed using Microsoft Visual Basic® (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA) which is part of the Microsoft Visual Studio® development environment for the Microsoft Windows® platform. The database repository for patient data is Microsoft Access® and stored locally on a HIPAA secure server or hard disk. Once a working version was developed, it was installed and used at our institution for the management of WDs. Updates and modifications were released regularly until no significant problems were found with the operation of the software. Results: The software has been in use at our institution for over two years and has reliably kept track of all directives during that time. All physicians and technologists use the software as part of their daily workflow and find it superior to paper directives. We are able to

  7. Response of the coral reef benthos and herbivory to fishery closure management and the 1998 ENSO disturbance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClanahan, T R

    2008-02-01

    The hypothesis that herbivory is higher in areas without fishing and will increase the rate at which hard coral communities return to pre-disturbance conditions was tested in and out of the marine protected areas (MPA) of Kenya after the 1998 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Herbivory was estimated by assay and biomass methods, and both methods indicated higher herbivory in fishery closures. Despite higher herbivory, the effect of the ENSO disturbance was larger within these closures, with reefs undergoing a temporary transition from dominance by hard and soft coral to a temporary dominance of turf and erect algae that ended in the dominance of calcifying algae, massive Porites, Pocillopora and a few faviids six years after the disturbance. The fished reefs changed the least but had a greater cover of turf and erect algae and sponge shortly after the disturbance. Higher herbivory in the fishery closures reduced the abundance and persistence of herbivore-susceptible erect algae and created space and appropriate substratum for recruiting corals. Nonetheless, other post-settlement processes may have had strong influences such that annual rates of coral recovery were low ( approximately 2%) and not different between the management regimes. Recovery, as defined as and measured by the return to pre-disturbance coral cover and the dominant taxa, was slower in fishery closures than unmanaged reefs.

  8. Análisis de la igualdad de oportunidades de género en la ciencia y la tecnología: Las carreras profesionales de las mujeres científicas y tecnólogas Analysis of equal gender opportunity in science and technology: The professional careers of women scientists and technologists Analysis of equal gender opportunity in science and technology. The professional careers of women scientists and technologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Muñoz Illescas

    2013-01-01

    determining the work trajectory of women scientists as well as the main difficulties that they have faced in their professional careers regarding promotion, pay and work-family balance. Moreover, the situation of women scientists in other countries is also analyzed. The results confirm the existence of gender inequality in the trajectory of women with professional careers devoted to Science and Technology. The final goal of this study is to determine the contribution of women who have pursued their professional careers in the field of Science at the highest level of training, as well as the proposals and actions aimed at young women scientists to enable them to achieve gender equality in their organizations.Design/methodology/focus: After the theoretical approach, a quantitative and qualitative methodology has been designed with a representative sample of women scientists and technologists from the Association of Women Researchers and Technologists (AMIT.Contributions and results: The few number of women engaged in the scientific field is made evident. It is also evident that the percentage of women scientists in Spain allows us to be optimistic about the development of scientific or technical careers when compared with the percentages in other countries. The results prove the existence of gender discrimination as well as the initiatives analyzed by women scientists that can be pursued, thereby adding new channels to be taken into account in this field.Originality/added value: The article constitutes a further step towards knowledge about gender equality and provides new channels for consideration in this field to help young women in Science to develop working environments that allow full gender equality to be achieved.Object: To analyze gender equality in the field of Science and Technology with the aim of determining the work trajectory of women scientists as well as the main difficulties that they have faced in their professional careers regarding promotion, pay and work

  9. The Influence of Acid Rain on the Growth and Physiological Metabolism of Two Turf Grasses%酸雨对2种草坪草生长及生理代谢的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈高峰

    2011-01-01

    为了解酸雨污染对草坪草生长的影响,以高羊茅和多年生黑麦草为材料,通过盆栽试验,研究不同pH酸雨条件下对草坪草生长和代谢的影响.分别测定生物量、叶绿素含量、超氧化物歧化酶、过氧化物酶、丙二醛和电导率等指标.结果表明,高羊茅和多年生黑麦草鲜重、叶绿素含量等在高酸度、长时间胁迫下整体呈降低趋势,氧化物歧化酶、过氧化物酶则先高后低,丙二醛和电导率则随酸雨pH减小而有增加趋势.%For the sake of understanding acid rain influence of the pollution upon the turfgrass growth, With the material of Fescue arundinacea and Lolium perenne, this paper studied on the physiological characteristics of turf grass under different pH values of simulated acid rain. It measured indicators like fresh weight,chlorophyll content, SOD, POD, MDA and electric conductivity. The result indicated that, under conditions of high acidity and long period of time, the fresh weight of Fescue arundinacea and Lolium perenne, and chlorophyll content entirely showed a reduced trend, while the contents of SOD and POD first rose and then fell down. The pH value of acid rain decreased, there was an increasing trend of MDA and electric conductivity.

  10. Computer Simulation for Emergency Incident Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, D L

    2004-12-03

    This report describes the findings and recommendations resulting from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Incident Management Simulation Workshop held by the DHS Advanced Scientific Computing Program in May 2004. This workshop brought senior representatives of the emergency response and incident-management communities together with modeling and simulation technologists from Department of Energy laboratories. The workshop provided an opportunity for incident responders to describe the nature and substance of the primary personnel roles in an incident response, to identify current and anticipated roles of modeling and simulation in support of incident response, and to begin a dialog between the incident response and simulation technology communities that will guide and inform planned modeling and simulation development for incident response. This report provides a summary of the discussions at the workshop as well as a summary of simulation capabilities that are relevant to incident-management training, and recommendations for the use of simulation in both incident management and in incident management training, based on the discussions at the workshop. In addition, the report discusses areas where further research and development will be required to support future needs in this area.

  11. Research of the Qinglong River Revetment Lawn Planting Engineering Construction and Management%青龙河护岸草坪建植工程施工与管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐登明

    2012-01-01

    在分析青龙河气候特点和土壤环境的基础上,提出了青龙河护岸草坪建植的基本要求,选择天堂328、尤文图斯、猎狗5号和马尼拉等优良品种,采取混播法培育草坪,并加强播前土壤改良和草种处理,抓好苗期修剪与追肥除杂,突出建成草坪的管理技术要点,提高了青龙河护岸草坪的护岸功能与观赏效果,对园林草坪工程的建设与施工具有较好的指导意义,%Based on analyzing Qinglong River features of the cfimate and soil environment, the basic requirements of Qinglong River revetment turf were put fro'ward, the revetment function and ornamental effect of Qinglong River revetment turf were improved to guid significance on the garden lawn engineering building and constrm.tion, by choosing Heaven 328, Juventus, Hound No.5, Manila and other fine varieties, taking mixed sowing method to cultivate turf, strengthening the soil improved before sowing and seed treatment, carefully catching seedling pruning and topdressing impurity, highlighting the key management techniques of the built lawn.

  12. Managing change within the healthcare environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipcamon, James D

    2003-01-01

    In the healthcare environment, there are many catalysts for change, including federal and state regulations, increased utilization, patients' expectations, competition, declining reimbursement and the technologist shortage. Regardless of what organization you work in, change creates pressure internally. This is especially true of organizations that have not had to deal with much change. The three most common responses are: 1) senior managers tend to isolate themselves from the effects of change on staff members; 2) middle managers tend to feel squeezed between the need to implement change and the need to support staff members; and 3) employees tend to feel attacked and betrayed by change. The following five steps will help you work with your staff as you introduce and implement change: prepare your employees, plan thoroughly, develop a transitional line of authority, stay flexible during implementation, and encourage self-management, acknowledging those who helped make the change work. When change is implemented, it is important to understand that people will move through four stages of reaction: denial, resistance, exploration and commitment. As a general rule, individuals will go through all four stages, but the speed at which they move through them will be different. Managers need to assist employees who get stuck in certain stages. To implement change as successfully as possible, follow these four steps: communicate about change, deal with resistance, increase team involvement, and use visionary leadership.

  13. Multidisciplinary management--an opportunity for service integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, M

    1997-01-01

    The management team of the future will enter an environment requiring facilitation, participation, clinical, and empowerment skills. Those individuals who possess a clinical orientation as well as business expertise will be sought to manage multidisciplinary units. The rapid changes in the health-care environment have forced organizations to restructure their operations. To achieve quality care, customer satisfaction, cost-effectiveness, and efficiency, service integration across the organization will be required. As we approach the 21st century, this standard will evolve until "all levels are managing patient care." Some of the restructuring trends occurring in the health-care industry have been collaboration service integration, management consolidation, and job elimination. The emphasis for the multidisciplinary manager of the future will include integrating the professional and clinical services, managing information, building community partnerships, promoting physician collaboration, and managing the change process. A model organization in the next century will move toward a people-oriented system with inclusion and empowerment initiatives. Service integration will affect all organizations, but the disciplines within the Clinical Support System will be the most affected. Future opportunities of leadership will exist for pathologists, nurses, or medical technologists as the professional silos of managers and clinicians continue to crumble.

  14. The Technologist As An Expert Witness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrill, R. E. K.; Hall, Morse

    1985-03-01

    Decisions in our legal system are made by laymen. Even the most technical and complex cases are heard and decided by a judge or jury who may very well have no expertise on the questions which confront them. As a result, our legal system permits experts to explain complex phenomena to the fact finder and even to express his opinion on the issue which the fact finder ultimately has to decide. For example, an expert may explain not only how an airplane accident occurred, but also may testify that someone was at fault.

  15. Research for Electronic Fiber Optics Technologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Ellis E.

    1999-01-01

    The intent of this project was to provide research experiences for socially and economically disadvantaged students in networking via fiber optics. The objectives of this project were: 1) To provide knowledge and skills needed by students to use the tools and equipment essential to networking NASA's and the university's topologies; 2) To provide the student researchers with needed mathematical skills and concepts to progress in fiber optic technology; 3) To afford the principal investigator an opportunity to become certified in fiber optics; 4) To build a transmitter and receiver circuit that will be linked by fiber-optic cable to demonstrate mastery of concepts; and 5) To conduct research for NASA and the University in the fiber-optic system. The research will attempt to develop applications for THUNDER (Thin-layer Composite Unimorph Ferroelectric Driver and Sensor) and LARC-SI (Langley Research Center- Soluble Polyimide), (inventions at NASA/LaRC) and fiber-optic technology that will be beneficial to NASA, the university and the consumer. This research has the potential of improving the nation's manpower in the area of fiberoptic technology. It will allow students the opportunity to participate in visible research at NASA and in industry.

  16. Innovative Leadership: Insights from a Learning Technologist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Bruce

    2012-01-01

    Professor Ricardo Torres Kompen is a leading proponent for, and researcher in, personal learning environments (PLEs). During his interview, Torres Kompen clarified his research on PLEs, particularly the digital toolbox within PLEs. He elaborated on experiences with implementing PLE initiatives, personal insights on using social media and Web 2.0…

  17. The Two Cultures? Librarians and Technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cain, Mark

    2003-01-01

    Considers differences between the scientific community and literary intellectuals, focusing on librarianship and information technology in higher education in particular. Discusses library services that rely on information technology; differences in status and in education and training; standards; and collaboration, including attempts to integrate…

  18. A Training Manual for Nuclear Medicine Technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Guy H.; Alexander, George W.

    This manual was prepared for a training program in Nuclear Medicine Technology at the University of Cincinnati. Instructional materials for students enrolled in these courses in the training program include: Nuclear Physics and Instrumentation, Radionuclide Measurements, Radiation Protection, and Tracer Methodology and Radiopharmaceuticals. (CS)

  19. Pesticide-free management of weed on golf courses: Current situation and future challenges, European Journal of Turfgrass Science 45(2/14)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anne Mette Dahl; Norman Petersen, Karin; Aamlid, Trygve

    2014-01-01

    will discuss findings from these experiments/knowledge collection cases in order to visualize the dilemmas of pesticide-free management of weeds on turf areas, primarily golf course fairways. It is concluded that mechanical management of weeds is difficult and must be targeted and differentiated depending......Restrictions on use of pesticides on recreational areas including golf courses are encouraged by EU legislation. Denmark has introduced legislation in 2013 and set an upper limit on how much pesticide can be used on golf courses. Weeds can impair on golf course quality and must be controlled...... such as vertical cutting, harrowing and topdressing. For the past 15 years information about pesticide free weed control has been obtained, partly from scientific experiments, but even more from practical testing of different methods by experienced greenkeepers, mostly on Danish golf courses. This review paper...

  20. Physiopathology and Management of Gluten-Induced Celiac Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Jitendra; Kumar, Manoj; Pandey, Rajesh; Chauhan, Nar Singh

    2017-02-01

    Proline- and glutamine-rich gluten proteins are one of the major constituents of cereal dietary proteins, which are largely resistant to complete cleavage by the human gastrointestinal (GI) digestive enzymes. Partial digestion of gluten generates approximately 35 amino acids (aa) immunomodulatory peptides which activate T-cell-mediated immune system, followed by immunological inflammation of mucosa leading to the onset of celiac disease (CD). CD is an autoimmune disease associated with HLA-DQ2/DQ8 polymorphism and dysbiosis of gut microbiota. CD is either diagnosed using duodenal mucosal biopsis or serological testing for transglutaminase 2 (TG2) specific antibodies (IgA and IgG). Current therapy for CD management is gluten-free diet, while other therapies like glutenase, probiotics, immunomodulation, jamming of HLA-DQ2, inhibition of TG2, and gluten tolerance aided by gluten tolerizing vaccines are being developed. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  1. The Research on the Winter Quality and Management of Mascarenegrass and Manilagrass Turf in Shenzhen%深圳市台湾草、马尼拉草草坪冬季质量及管理状况研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德荣; 李存焕; 黄秋辉

    1999-01-01

    对深圳市台湾草、马尼拉草景观草坪进行的研究表明,建植时施用有机肥可以简化管理并提高草坪质量;两种草的高度、密度均较适宜;马尼拉草的色泽、均匀度均优于台湾草;两种草的冬季色泽可以通过灌水施肥达到理想水平;适当地利用有利于控制两种草的高度和维持平整度.

  2. 西藏林芝地区粗放管理下的匍茎翦股颖草坪质量分析初报%Analysis of Agrostis stolonifera turf quality under rough management in Lin Zhi of Tibetan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙磊; 魏学红

    2007-01-01

    研究了西藏林芝地区使用匍茎翦股颖Agrostis stolonifera建立的校园草坪和人行道草坪的一些坪用特性,结果表明,从匍茎翦股颖的生长状况看,该种草坪草在成坪速度、盖度、色泽、质地、强度、密度等方面评价较低,在林芝地区现有的低资金投入和粗放管理水平下该种草坪草不适合作为校园和人行道草坪.

  3. The winter overseeding and manage technology of bermudagrass turf in Guanzhou rigion%广州地区狗牙根草坪的冬季盖播方法与管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席嘉宾; 张惠霞; 彭坚

    2002-01-01

    通过对我国暖季型草坪冬季盖播现状的分析以及对广州地区园林及运动场中大面积使用的狗牙根草坪目前所存在问题的研究和探讨,总结实践经验,提出一套经济可行的解决广州地区狗牙根草坪冬季枯黄现象的草坪盖播方法和措施,以供在今后的生产实践中借鉴.

  4. The Key Point on Conservation and Managent of Tall fescue Turf-grass in Nanjing Region%南京地区高羊茅草坪草的养护管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古长标; 郭成宝; 唐泉; 张宁宁; 张礼浩

    2000-01-01

    高羊茅草坪草的养护管理,是一项复杂的系统工程,通过精心养护,在南京地区可有效增强高羊茅草坪草的抗逆性,延长绿色期及其使用寿命;管理不力,则易出现“夏枯”现象,严重影响其观赏功能.

  5. 厦门公路绿地草坪发展现状与养护管理技术探讨%Status of high - way turf in Xia' men and its management techniques

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余高镜; 王耀立; 郭玉春; 梁义元; 林文雄

    2001-01-01

    本文阐述了公路绿地中草坪的重要作用,同时对厦门市草坪的发展现状与存在问题进行了概括.在此基础上,针对存在的问题,对草坪养护管理技术的改进进行了探讨.

  6. 岷江上游地区草坪建植与管理技术探讨%Discussion on Establishment and Management Techniques of Turf in the Upper Reaches of Minjiang River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎开成

    2005-01-01

    对岷江上游地区城市绿化和"亮河工程"草坪建植与管理中存在的问题进行了分析,评价了草坪质量现状,分析了影响草坪质量的因素,并根据岷江上游地区的气候和土壤条件提出了防止草坪退化的对策.

  7. Turf Cross-sowing and Management Techniques in Golf Course in Northern Guangxi%桂北地区高尔夫球场草坪交播及管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜忠; 文智勇

    2008-01-01

    利用冬季型粗茎早熟禾(Saber Ⅲ)交播于夏季型杂交狗牙根矮天堂草(Tifdwarf)为主形成的高尔夫球场主体--果岭草坪,可保持全年常绿、形成致密的坪面,达到提高草坪的景观效果.

  8. 草坪过渡带足球场冷地型草坪建植管理技术%Study on Establishment and Management of Cold -season Turf grass for Football Field in Humid and Warm Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马精华; 白史且; 肖飙

    2002-01-01

    在建植了成都、双流、郫县、乐山、达川、隆昌、蒲江、重庆等地足球场草坪的基础上,总结和研究了在该气候带建植冷地型足球场草坪的坪床准备、草种选择、草坪建植、草坪管理的关键技术.并针对足球场草坪的有关问题进行了讨论,提出了今后的研究方向.

  9. 冀东地区冷季型草坪建植及夏季养护管理%The Establishment and Summer Maintenance Management of Cold-season Turf in Eastern Area of Hebei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕东英

    2016-01-01

    通过对冀东地区主要冷季型草坪建植区域实地考察,结合实际养护管理工作经验,分析整理出冷季型草坪在冀东地区的适宜品种,并总结了适合当地的建植技术和行之有效的后期养护管理方法,特别是夏季休眠期的养护管理手段,以期为冀东地区乃至北方地区的冷季型草坪建植推广提供参考.

  10. Key Points in Cool-Season Turf Establishment and Management Techniques in the South of the Yangtze River%江南冷季型草坪建植与养护技术要点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马进; 胡广才; 梁立军

    2001-01-01

    冷季型草坪在美化江南城市中起了很大作用,对江南冷季型草坪建植与养护技术进行了探讨,以促进对这些技术的掌握,从而提高冷季型草坪在江南城市中推广。

  11. Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and its role in turf management%近红外光谱定量分析技术及其在草坪管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王加真

    2005-01-01

    介绍了近红外光谱(NIRS)定量分析技术的分析原理、技术状况及其应用情况,并从草坪土壤的分析、草坪施肥计划的制定、草坪精细管理、草坪自动化评价等方面详述了近红外光谱定量分析技术在草坪管理中的应用.

  12. 大型公共绿地草坪建植与管理技术探讨%Discussion on Techniques of Establishment and Management for Large -sized,Public Landscaped Turf

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭燕; 任雅君

    2003-01-01

    以四川雅安市休闲音乐广场的草坪建植与管理为例,总结分析了亚热带气候、土壤条件下大型公共绿地草坪建植与管理技术及施工经验;并通过对草坪管理现状的连续监测结果,评价了草坪质量现状,分析了影响草坪质量的因素;提出了防止草坪退化的对策和措施.

  13. Establishment and management of Xinnong No.1 Bermuda grass in football field turf%"新农一号"狗牙根足球场草坪的建植与管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亚里坤·努尔; 阿不来提

    2008-01-01

    通过总结"新农一号"狗牙根在新疆托克孙县建植足球场草坪的成功经验,探索了我国西北干旱、半干旱地区利用"新农一号"狗牙根建植运动场草坪的建植和养护管理技术.初步形成了适合该地区运动场草坪的建植和养护管理技术规范.对同等地区运动场草坪的建植及养护管理具有指导性意义.

  14. Field Turf System Has Irrigation Down PAT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, C. William

    1973-01-01

    Explains the process whereby Goshen High School (Indiana) acquired a football field that is never muddy, but which is never covered with expensive sheeting; and that has green grass the year around, but which no one ever sprinkles. It also offers firmness for running, resiliency for falling, traction for turning, and a flat, highly uniform field.…

  15. Beating Social Democracy on Its Own Turf

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    parties to flourish in contexts where welfare issues have a natural salience as in the case of universal welfare states. In contrast, Scandinavian universal welfare states ought to benefit social democracy when it comes to issue voting on welfare issues. It is argued in this article that centre-right......Recent elections yielded sweeping majorities for the centre-right in Scandinavia with a decade of pure centre-right majorities in Denmark and the longest sitting centre-right coalition in Sweden for decades. This is a blind spot in the issue voting literature, which would not expect centre-right...... parties can beat social democrats by credibly converging to its social democratic opponent on issues of universal welfare. Issue ownership voting to the benefit of centre-right parties will then be strongest among voters perceiving the centre-right to have converged to social democracy and perceiving...

  16. Mechanisms for sensing fat in food in the mouth: Presented at the Symposium "The Taste for Fat: New Discoveries on the Role of Fat in Sensory Perception, Metabolism, Sensory Pleasure and Beyond" held at the Institute of Food Technologists 2011 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA., June 12, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolls, Edmund T

    2012-03-01

    The brain areas that represent taste including the primary taste cortex and the orbitofrontal cortex also provide a representation of oral texture. Fat texture is represented by neurons independently of viscosity: some neurons respond to fat independently of viscosity, and other neurons encode viscosity. The neurons that respond to fat also respond to silicone and paraffin oil, indicating that the sensing is texture-specific not chemo-specific. This fat sensing is not related to free fatty acids such as linoleic acid, and a few other neurons that respond to free fatty acids typically do not respond to fat in the mouth. Complementary human functional neuroimaging studies show that the pleasantness of food texture is represented in the orbitofrontal cortex. These findings have implications for the design of foods that mimic the pleasant texture of fat in the mouth but have low energy content, and thus for the prevention and treatment of obesity. © 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®

  17. Managing knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    2016-01-01

    This work-in-progress focuses on the management of knowledge management and its socio-material implications. More specifically, it focuses on the management of epistemic objects and objectives in professional health care organisations. One of the main characteristics of professional health care t...

  18. The roles of community pharmacists in cardiovascular disease prevention and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, J; McNamara, K; Stewart, K

    2011-01-01

    There is ample evidence in the international literature for pharmacist involvement in the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) conditions in primary care. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have confirmed the significant clinical benefits of pharmacist interventions for a range of CVD conditions and risk factors. Evidence generated in research studies of Australian community pharmacist involvement in CVD prevention and management is summarised in this article.Commonwealth funding through the Community Pharmacy Agreements has facilitated research to establish the feasibility and effectiveness of new models of primary care involving community pharmacists. Australian community pharmacists have been shown to effect positive clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes in patients with CVD conditions. Improvements in blood pressure, lipid levels, medication adherence and CVD risk have been demonstrated using different study designs. Satisfaction for GPs, pharmacists and consumers has also been reported. Perceived 'turf' encroachment, expertise of the pharmacist, space, time and remuneration are challenges to the implementation of disease management services involving community pharmacists.

  19. Evaluation of knowledge, practices, and possible barriers among healthcare providers regarding medical waste management in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarker, Mohammad Abul Bashar; Harun-Or-Rashid, Md; Hirosawa, Tomoya; Abdul Hai, Md Shaheen Bin; Siddique, Md Ruhul Furkan; Sakamoto, Junichi; Hamajima, Nobuyuki

    2014-12-09

    Improper handling of medical wastes, which is common in Bangladesh, could adversely affect the hospital environment and community at large, and poses a serious threat to public health. We aimed to assess the knowledge and practices regarding medical waste management (MWM) among healthcare providers (HCPs) and to identify possible barriers related to it. A cross-sectional study was carried out during June to September, 2012 including 1 tertiary, 3 secondary, and 3 primary level hospitals in Dhaka division, Bangladesh through 2-stage cluster sampling. Data were collected from 625 HCPs, including 245 medical doctors, 220 nurses, 44 technologists, and 116 cleaning staff who were directly involved in MWM using a self-administered (researcher-administered for cleaning staff), semi-structured questionnaire. Nearly one-third of medical doctors and nurses and two-thirds of technologists and cleaning staff had inadequate knowledge, and about half of medical doctors (44.0%) and cleaning staff (56.0%) had poor practices. HCPs without prior training on MWM were more likely to have poor practices compared to those who had training. Lack of personal protective equipment, equipment for final disposal, MWM-related staff, proper policy/guideline, and lack of incinerator were identified as the top 5 barriers. Strengthening and expansion of ongoing educational programs/training is necessary to improve knowledge and practices regarding MWM. The government should take necessary steps and provide financial support to eliminate the possible barriers related to proper MWM.

  20. Moving stormwater P management upstream (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, L. A.; Hobbie, S. E.; Finlay, J. C.; Kalinosky, P.; Janke, B.

    2013-12-01

    Reducing stormwater phosphorus loading using current approaches, which focus on treatment at the end of the pipe, is unlikely to reduce P loads enough to restore nutrient-impaired urban lakes. An indication of this is that of the nearly 150 nutrient impaired lakes in the Twin Cities region, only one has been restored. We hypothesize that substantial reduction of eutrophication will require reductions of P inputs upstream from storm drains. Developing source reduction strategies will required a shift in thinking about system boundaries, moving upstream from the storm drain to the curb, and from the curb to the watershed. Our Prior Lake Street Sweeping Project, a 2-year study of enhanced street sweeping, will be used to illustrate the idea of moving the system boundary to the curb. This study showed that P load recovery from sweeping increases with both sweeping frequency and overhead tree canopy cover. For high canopy streets, coarse organic material (tree leaves; seed pods, etc.) comprised 42% of swept material. We estimate that P inputs from trees may be half of measured storm P yields in 8 urban catchments in St. Paul, MN. Moreover, the cost of removing P during autumn was often 1000/lb P for stormwater ponds. We can also move further upstream, to the watershed boundary. P inputs to urban watersheds that enter lawns include lawn fertilizer, polyphosphates added to water supplies (and hence to lawns via irrigation), and pet food (transformed to pet waste). Minnesota enacted a lawn P fertilizer restriction in 2003, but early reductions in stormwater P loads were modest, probably reflecting reduction in direct wash-off of applied fertilizer. Because urban soils are enriched in P, growing turf has continued to extract available soil P. When turf is mowed, cut grass decomposes, generating P in runoff. As soil P becomes depleted, P concentrations in lawn runoff will gradually decline. Preliminary modeling suggests that substantial reductions in P export from lawns may

  1. Electronic tracking of human resource skills and knowledge, just in time training, manageable due diligence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolodziej, M.A. [Quick Test International Inc., (Canada). Canadian Technology Human Resource Board; Baker, O. [KeySpan Energy Canada, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2001-06-01

    KeySpan Energy Canada is in the process of obtaining recognition of various occupational profiles including pipeline operators, inspectors, and field and plant operators from various certifying organizations. The process of allowing individuals to obtain certification is recognized by Canadian Technology Human Resources Board as a step towards national standards for technologists and technicians. Proven competency is a must for workers in todays oil industry in response to increasingly stringent government safety regulations, environmental concerns and high public scrutiny. Quick Test international Inc. has developed a management tool in collaboration with end users at KeySpan Energy Canada. It is an electronic, Internet based competency tool for tracking personal competencies and maintaining continued competency. Response to the tool has been favourable. 2 refs., 4 figs.

  2. Managing knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    The work-in-progress that I would like to present and discuss in the workshop focuses on the management of knowledge management and its socio-material implications. More specifically, my work focuses on how epistemic objects and objectives are managed in professional health care organisations. One...... of knowledge in health care relate to managerial techniques in knowledge management and, thus, form complex epistemic practices in health care organizations. The theoretical approach in this paper draws on perspectives form Social Studies of Science, in particular from Karin Knorr Cetina (2006, 2007......) and colleagues, who stresses that to understand knowledge management practices we need to magnify the space of knowledge in action and consider the presentation and circulation of epistemic objects in extended contexts. In other words, we need to consider that the routes from research to practice...

  3. Managing Fault Management Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDougal, John M.

    2010-01-01

    As the complexity of space missions grows, development of Fault Management (FM) capabilities is an increasingly common driver for significant cost overruns late in the development cycle. FM issues and the resulting cost overruns are rarely caused by a lack of technology, but rather by a lack of planning and emphasis by project management. A recent NASA FM Workshop brought together FM practitioners from a broad spectrum of institutions, mission types, and functional roles to identify the drivers underlying FM overruns and recommend solutions. They identified a number of areas in which increased program and project management focus can be used to control FM development cost growth. These include up-front planning for FM as a distinct engineering discipline; managing different, conflicting, and changing institutional goals and risk postures; ensuring the necessary resources for a disciplined, coordinated approach to end-to-end fault management engineering; and monitoring FM coordination across all mission systems.

  4. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Jarošová, Milena

    2008-01-01

    Theoretical part: Basic terms of knowledge management, knowledge worker, knowledge creation and conversion process, prerequisites and benefits of knowledge management. Knowledge management and it's connection to organizational culture and structure, result measurements of knowledge management, learning organization and it's connection to knowledge management. Tacit knowledge management tools -- stories -- types, how to create, practical use, communities, coaching. Value Based Organization. Pr...

  5. Lean Management and Six-Sigma yield big gains in hospital's immediate response laboratory. Quality improvement techniques save more than $400,000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunyog, Martha

    2004-01-01

    DSI Laboratories has used Lean and Six-Sigma methodologies to systematically eliminate waste and reduce variation in its hospital clinical laboratory. The net result was a savings of more than $400,000 in the first year. After mapping its process, the laboratory found that phlebotomists were submitting samples in large batches, which created an early-morning flood of specimens. Switching to single-piece workflow and distributing the workload more evenly allowed DSI to cover the same number of patients with two to three phlebotomists instead of 12. By establishing a more efficient workflow process within the laboratory, a single technologist could quickly move between stations and perform those tests that made up 80% of the work volume. New inventory management techniques reduced both excess inventory and the risk of shortages. Cost savings for the first year were: Reduced overtime spending by 60% ($78,000), Reassigned six phlebotomists for an annual savings of $160,000, 4.5 fewer technologist positions for a savings of $250,000.

  6. Managing Quality

    CERN Document Server

    Kelemen, Mihaela L

    2002-01-01

    Managing Quality provides a comprehensive review and critical analysis of quality management discourses and techniques by drawing on a number of management disciplines such as operations management, HRM, organizational behaviour, strategy, marketing and organization theory. The book: - introduces readers to key concepts and issues in quality management - provides an overview of both managerial and critical perspectives on quality management - presents the 'wisdom' of quality management gurus - documents the way quality is pursued in manufacturing, service and public sector organizations - comp

  7. Genetic influences on oral fat perception and preference: Presented at the symposium "The Taste for Fat: New Discoveries on the Role of Fat in Sensory Perception, Metabolism, Sensory Pleasure and Beyond" held at the Institute of Food Technologists 2011 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, June 12, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Kathleen L

    2012-03-01

    Research suggests that dietary fat is perceived not only by texture, but also by taste. However, the receptors for chemosensory response to fat have not been identified. We report on 2 genes,TAS2R38 and CD36, that may play a role in fat perception and preference in humans. TAS2R38 is a taste receptor for bitter thiourea compounds, including 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) and phenylthiocarbamide (PTC). Nontasters of these compounds tend to be poor at discriminating fat in foods, even though they prefer higher fat versions of these foods. CD36, a fatty acid translocase expressed on multiple cell types including taste cells, plays a critical role in fat preferences in animals. In studies conducted in our laboratory with African-American adults, we identified a variant in the CD36 gene, rs1761667, that predicts oral responses to fat. Individuals who have the A/A genotype at this site tend to find Italian salad dressings creamier than those who have other genotypes at this site. In addition, A/A individuals report higher preferences for added fats, oils, and spreads (for example margarine). Assuming these data are confirmed in other populations, screening for CD36 genotype may provide helpful information to food companies for developing fat-modified products. © 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®

  8. Radiation exposure to the physician in interventional pain management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Cash, Kim A; Moss, Tammy L; Pampati, Vidyasagar

    2002-10-01

    Fluoroscopy is an integral part of the practice of interventional pain management in present day modern medical practices. The major purpose of fluoroscopy in interventional pain management is correct needle placement to ensure target specificity and accurate delivery of the injectate. Fluoroscopy has become mandatory for multiple procedures based either on the definition of the procedure or the requirement of third parties. The most commonly used fluoroscopy in interventional pain management is with C-arm fluoroscopes with image intensification. Fluoroscopy is associated with risk for patients, clinicians, and the personnel in the operating room unless it is managed with appropriate understanding, skill, and vigilance. A total of 1,000 consecutive patients undergoing interventional procedures with chronic pain performed by one physician were studied. Two fluoroscopy units were utilized and operated by two certified radiological technologists. The procedures performed included caudal and interlaminar epidural injections, facet joint nerve blocks, percutaneous adhesiolysis, intercostal nerve blocks, sympathetic blocks, transforaminal epidural injections, along with other procedures. Results showed that a total of 1,000 patients underwent 1,729 procedures with average radiation exposure of 13.2 +/- 0.33 seconds per patient and 7.7 +/- 0.21 seconds per procedure. Dosimetry measurements showed total exposure of 1,345 mREM outside the apron and 0 mREM inside the apron during this period. The average exposure outside the apron was 1.345 mREM per patient and 0.778 mREM per procedure outside the apron and 0 mREM inside the apron. The levels of exposure are significantly below the annual limits recommended. It is concluded that it is feasible to perform all procedures under fluoroscopy in the described setting safely and effectively in interventional pain management.

  9. Multidisciplinary team approach to improved chronic care management for diabetic patients in an urban safety net ambulatory care clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapp, Hazel; Phillips, Shay E; Waxman, Dael; Alexander, Matthew; Brown, Rhett; Hall, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Since the care of patients with multiple chronic diseases such as diabetes and depression accounts for the majority of health care costs, effective team approaches to managing such complex care in primary care are needed, particularly since psychosocial and physical disorders coexist. Uncontrolled diabetes is a leading health risk for morbidity, disability and premature mortality with between 18-31% of patients also having undiagnosed or undertreated depression. Here we describe a team driven approach that initially focused on patients with poorly controlled diabetes (A1c > 9) that took place at a family medicare office. The team included: resident and faculty physicians, a pharmacist, social worker, nurses, behavioral medicine interns, office scheduler, and an information technologist. The team developed immediate integrative care for diabetic patients during routine office visits.

  10. Role of Information Professionals in Knowledge Management Programs: Empirical Evidence from Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    la Ajiferuke

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of a knowledge management program in an organization has the potential of im-proving customer services, quickly bringing new products to market, and reducing cost of business operations. Information technologies are often used in knowledge management programs in informing clients and employees of latest innovation/development in the business sector as well as sharing knowledge among the employees. The key professionals involved in knowledge management programs are information technologists and human resource managers but the information professionals also have a role to play as they are traditionally known as good managers of explicit knowledge. Hence, the aim of this study is to provide empirical evidence of the role of information professionals in knowledge management programs. 386 information professionals working in Canadian organizations were selected from the Special Libraries Association's Who's Who in Special Libraries 2001/2002, and a questionnaire with a stamped self-addressed envelope for its return was sent to each one of them. 63 questionnaires were completed and returned, and 8 in-depth interviews conducted. About 59% of the information professionals surveyed are working in organizations that have knowledge management programs with about 86% of these professionals being involved in the programs. Factors such as gender, age, and educational background (i.e. highest educational qualifications and discipline did not seem to have any relationship with involvement in knowledge management programs. Many of those involved in the programs are playing key roles, such as the design of the information architecture, development of taxonomy, or con-tent management of the organization's intranet. Others play lesser roles, such as providing information for the intranet, gathering competitive intelligence, or providing research services as requested by the knowledge management team.

  11. Managing Epilepsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... What's this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Managing Epilepsy Language: English Spanish Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... support strategies to use to empower PLWMCC. Managing Epilepsy Well Network The Managing Epilepsy Well (MEW) Network ...

  12. Weight Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Information Weight Management English English Español Weight Management Obesity is a chronic condition that affects more ... Liver (NASH) Heart Disease & Stroke Sleep Apnea Weight Management Topics About Food Portions Bariatric Surgery for Severe ...

  13. Bladder Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Catheterization • Urinary Tract Infections: Indwelling (Foley) Catheter Bladder Management [ Download this pamphlet: "Bladder Management" - (PDF, 499KB) ] The ... and medication or surgery may be helpful. Bladder Management Foley or Suprapubic Catheter A tube is inserted ...

  14. Anger Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anger management Overview By Mayo Clinic Staff Anger management is the process of learning to recognize signs that you' ... with the situation in a productive way. Anger management doesn't try to keep you from feeling ...

  15. From R.T. to entry-level manager: how to climb the clinical ladder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingle, B

    2001-01-01

    Modern healthcare institutions are faced with an environment that is rapidly changing. Many imposed changes have repercussions that affect lower-level radiology managers. According to one expert, radiology administrators face two dilemmas in preparing for the future: upgrading skills of those currently employed and ensuring that future employees are prepared to succeed. This paper examines the knowledge, skills and abilities needed for entry-level managers in radiology to succeed in healthcare. In order to gain current information on processes used in promoting staff technologists to management positions, the authors developed and mailed a questionnaire to 35 radiology administrators across the country. In addition to promoting employees, organizations should take a role in the maintenance and growth of an employee's career by creating realistic career paths for advancement, including programs in mentoring, assessment centers or formal training in the art of interviewing candidates. In order for entry-level radiology managers to succeed in a complex healthcare environment, mere technical expertise is not sufficient. The responsibility for identifying and providing appropriate education and training lies with employers, educational programs, professional groups and the employee.

  16. Effects of fire management on the richness and abundance of central North American grassland land snail faunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nekola, J. C.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The land snail faunas from 72 upland and lowland grassland sites from central North America were analyzed. Sixteen of these had been exposed to fire management within the last 15 years, while the remainder had not. A total of 91,074 individuals in 72 different species were observed. Richness was reduced by approximately 30% on burned sites, while abundance was reduced by 50-90%. One-way ANOVA of all sites (using management type as the independent variable, a full 2-way ANOVA (using management and grassland type of all sites, and a 2-way ANOVA limited to 26 sites paired according to their habitat type and geographic location, demonstrated in all cases a highly significant (up to p < 0.0005 reduction in richness and abundance on fire managed sites. Contingency table analysis of individual species demonstrated that 44% experienced a significant reduction in abundance on fire-managed sites. Only six species positively responded to fire. Comparisons of fire response to the general ecological preferences of these species demonstrated that fully 72% of turf-specialists were negatively impacted by fire, while 67% of duff-specialists demonstrated no significant response. These differences were highly significant (p = 0.0006. Thus, frequent use of fire management represents a significant threat to the health and diversity of North American grassland land snail communities. Protecting this fauna will require the preservation of site organic litter layers, which will require the increase of fire return intervals to 15+ years in conjunction with use of more diversified methods to remove woody and invasive plants.

  17. Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Project Management Theory Meets Practice contains the proceedings from the 1st Danish Project Management Research Conference (DAPMARC 2015), held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on May 21st, 2015.......Project Management Theory Meets Practice contains the proceedings from the 1st Danish Project Management Research Conference (DAPMARC 2015), held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on May 21st, 2015....

  18. Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilkington, Alan; Chai, Kah-Hin; Le, Yang

    2015-01-01

    This paper identifies the true coverage of PM theory through a bibliometric analysis of the International Journal of Project Management from 1996-2012. We identify six persistent research themes: project time management, project risk management, programme management, large-scale project management......, project success/failure and practitioner development. These differ from those presented in review and editorial articles in the literature. In addition, topics missing from the PM BOK: knowledge management project-based organization and project portfolio management have become more popular topics...

  19. Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilkington, Alan; Chai, Kah-Hin; Le, Yang

    2015-01-01

    This paper identifies the true coverage of PM theory through a bibliometric analysis of the International Journal of Project Management from 1996-2012. We identify six persistent research themes: project time management, project risk management, programme management, large-scale project management......, project success/failure and practitioner development. These differ from those presented in review and editorial articles in the literature. In addition, topics missing from the PM BOK: knowledge management project-based organization and project portfolio management have become more popular topics...

  20. Strategic Management: Managing Change by Managing Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-01

    Overview," op. cit., p. 129. 12 For a particularly good treatment of this subject, see Victor Vroom and Author Jago, The New I Leadership: Managing...Copy (6 4 of 65copies AD-A265 796 IDA DOCUMENT D- 1356 STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT: MANAGING CHANGE BY MANAGING PARTICIPATION Paul H . Richanbach Frederick R...any Government Agency. I I U I R DForm Approved PII REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE OMB No. 0704-0188 Putic re rtir•g h ,,cen for tIh colebdin of

  1. Food Safety Crisis Management-A Comparison between Germany and the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Asselt, E D; van der Fels-Klerx, H J; Breuer, O; Helsloot, I

    2017-02-01

    In order to prevent food safety incidents from becoming a crisis, a good crisis management structure is essential. The aim of the current study was to compare and evaluate the national food incident response plans of 2 neighboring EU Member States: Germany and the Netherlands. This revealed that the structure of these plans is comparable, starting with initial alerting, assessment of the problem, upscaling, an execution phase and finally an evaluation of the crisis management. However, the German communication structure is more complex than the Dutch one and cross-border communication between both countries is currently limited. In general, the presence of national response plans does not guarantee a good and swift response to a food safety incident as this is often hampered by difficulties in tracing the source of the problem as well as difficulties in communication between organizations involved in crisis management. A timely detection can be improved through the development of fast screening and detecting systems and through combining various data sources using computer software systems. Mutual cooperation and communication can be improved through joint exercises or projects. This will help to streamline communication toward consumers and trade partners. Such communication should be transparent relaying not only the facts but also the uncertainties in a crisis in order to gain consumer trust and safeguard international trade. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  2. Manage Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Manage Stress Print This Topic En español Manage Stress Browse Sections The Basics Overview Signs and Health ... and Health Effects What are the signs of stress? When people are under stress, they may feel: ...

  3. Construction management

    CERN Document Server

    Pellicer, Eugenio; Teixeira, José C; Moura, Helder P; Catalá, Joaquín

    2014-01-01

    The management of construction projects is a wide ranging and challenging discipline in an increasingly international industry, facing continual challenges and demands for improvements in safety, in quality and cost control, and in the avoidance of contractual disputes. Construction Management grew out of a Leonardo da Vinci project to develop a series of Common Learning Outcomes for European Managers in Construction. Financed by the European Union, the project aimed to develop a library of basic materials for developing construction management skills for use in a pan-European context. Focused exclusively on the management of the construction phase of a building project from the contractor's point of view, Construction Management covers the complete range of topics of which mastery is required by the construction management professional for the effective delivery of new construction projects. With the continued internationalisation of the construction industry, Construction Management will be required rea...

  4. Anger Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Managing your anger. Australian Psychological Society. http://www.psychology.org.au/publications/tip_sheets/anger/. Accessed March ... procedures/anger-management/basics/definition/PRC-20014603 . Mayo Clinic Footer Legal Conditions and Terms Any use of ...

  5. Waste management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2000-01-01

    The case study deals with public accountability issues connected to household waste management in the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark.......The case study deals with public accountability issues connected to household waste management in the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark....

  6. Medical Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... email share facebook twitter google plus linkedin Medical Management Although there’s no cure for CMT, there are ... individualized physical therapy program. For more on medical management of CMT, see Surgery Sometimes, Bracing Often, Caution ...

  7. Weight Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anger Weight Management Weight Management Smoking and Weight Healthy Weight Loss Being Comfortable in Your Own Skin Your Weight Loss Expectations & Goals Healthier Lifestyle Healthier Lifestyle Physical Fitness Food & Nutrition Sleep, Stress & Relaxation Emotions & Relationships HealthyYouTXT ...

  8. Waste management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2000-01-01

    The case study deals with public accountability issues connected to household waste management in the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark.......The case study deals with public accountability issues connected to household waste management in the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark....

  9. Manageable creativity

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This article notes a perception in mainstream management theory and practice that creativity has shifted from being disruptive or destructive to 'manageable'. This concept of manageable creativity in business is reflected in a similar rhetoric in cultural policy, especially towards the creative industries. The article argues that the idea of 'manageable creativity' can be traced back to a 'heroic' and a 'structural' model of creativity. It is argued that the 'heroic' model of creativity is be...

  10. How do Category Managers Manage?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald, Kim Sundtoft; Sigurbjornsson, Tomas

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research is to explore the managerial role of category managers in purchasing. A network management perspective is adopted. A case based research methodology is applied, and three category managers managing a diverse set of component and service categories in a global production...... of the role of the category manager in purchasing....... firm is observed while providing accounts of their progress and results in meetings. We conclude that the network management classification scheme originally deve loped by Harland and Knight (2001) and Knight and Harland (2005) is a valuable and fertile theoretical framework for the analysis...

  11. Time Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoilov, Todor, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The time management is worthy goal of many human activities. It concerns variety problems related to goals definition, assessment of available resources, control of management policies, scheduling of decisions. This book is an attempt to illustrate the decision making process in time management for different success stories, which can be used as…

  12. Knowledge Management

    CERN Document Server

    Gerami, Mohsen

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the important process of knowledge and its management, and differences between tacit and explicit knowledge and understanding the culture as a key issue for the successful implementation of knowledge management, in addition to, this paper is concerned with the four-stage model for the evolution of information technology (IT) support for knowledge management in law firms.

  13. Brand management

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The Thesis shows theoretical approaches of brand management and compares it with best practices used in international and czech companies. There is a picture of brand management impact of brand management into consumption behaviour of university students in Czech republic documented by own desk research.

  14. Time Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoilov, Todor, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The time management is worthy goal of many human activities. It concerns variety problems related to goals definition, assessment of available resources, control of management policies, scheduling of decisions. This book is an attempt to illustrate the decision making process in time management for different success stories, which can be used as…

  15. Forest Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    S. Hummel; K. L. O' Hara

    2008-01-01

    Global variation in forests and in human cultures means that a single method for managing forests is not possible. However, forest management everywhere shares some common principles because it is rooted in physical and biological sciences like chemistry and genetics. Ecological forest management is an approach that combines an understanding of universal processes with...

  16. 太原市草坪秋季杂草与草坪草的生态关系分析%Ecological Relationship Analysis between the Weeds and Turf Grasses of Autumn Lawn in Taiyuan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 李素清

    2011-01-01

    Based on the field investigation, TWINSPAN and DCA were applied to the analysis of the lawn plant communities in the fall of 2009 in Taiyuan city. The result indicated that: (i) there were 70 invasive weed species that belongs to 29 families, 59 genera in the lawn of Taiyuan. Those species are mostly consisted of Composite and Grass Family. (ii) TWINSPAN classified the 72 quadrats into 14 associations, and the species composition and quantity of weeds were affected by species characteristics of lawn; (iii) the result of DCA ordination indicated that the management levels of lawn were the dominant factors responsible for the weed distribution in lawn. The first axis of DCA indicated the soil moisture gradient among the communities, while the second axis expressed the level of weeding and mowing.%2009年秋季对太原市不同类型的草坪植物进行物种调查和数量分类排序研究.结果表明,太原市草坪秋季人侵杂草种类达29科59属70种,其中菊科和禾本科的杂草最多;TWINSPAN分类将所调查的72个样方划分为14个群丛,各群丛的草坪草或主要的杂草有所不同;样方和优势种的DCA排序图第1轴反映了草坪土壤的湿度,沿着湿度梯度,草坪杂草由耐旱植物过渡为中生植物,第2轴反映了草坪除杂修剪程度的变化,除杂修剪程度不同,杂草的侵人种数和数量也不相同,人工管理养护水平是影响草坪杂草入侵的主导因子.

  17. Knowledge management: another management fad?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonard J. Ponzi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management is a subject of a growth body of literature. While capturing the interest of practitioners and scholars in the mid-1990s, knowledge management remains a broadly defined concept with faddish characteristics. Based on annual counts of article retrieved from Science Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index, and ABI Inform referring to three previous recognized management fad, this paper introduces empirical evidence that proposes that a typical management movement generally reveals itself as a fad in approximately five years. In applying this approach and assumption to the case of knowledge management, the findings suggest that knowledge management is at least living longer than typical fads and perhaps is in the process of establishing itself as a new aspect of management. To further the understanding of knowledge management's development, its interdisciplinary activity and breadth are reported and briefly discussed.

  18. Risk Management

    OpenAIRE

    Černák, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The Master's Thesis deals with the topic of risk management in a non-financial company. The goal of this Thesis is to create a framework for review of risk management process and to practically apply it in a case study. Objectives of the theoretical parts are: stating the reasons for risk management in non-financial companies, addressing the main parts of risk management and providing guidance for review of risk management process. A special attention is paid to financial risks. The practical...

  19. Examining Multimedia Competencies for Educational Technologists in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqdami, Muhammad Nazil; Branch, Robert Maribe

    2016-01-01

    The authors investigated educational technology multimedia competencies for professionals who work in higher education institutions. Similar studies have been proposed, but none of them have focused on competencies required in the context of higher education. An online survey adapting sixteen competency factors from a study conducted by Rizhaupt…

  20. Exposure. A Newsletter for Ocean Technologists. Volume 9, Number 1,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    SCOMMONS in his program, includes documentation, descri[ptions, calls to the input/output subroutines calibration data, etc.) associated ( IOSRs ), and...execution. Each call the bulk of the information in two to an IOSR transfers one segment of segments. data between the user defined COMMON areas and the...appropriate The data block can be thought of as data file. The IOSRs have features N scans or cycles of L words or which allow the user to list the

  1. Information Technologist (The) - Vol 8, No 1 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Knowledge of Webloging among Library Science Students: The Federal Polytechnic ... Comparative Study on Three Major Internet Search Engines · EMAIL FULL TEXT ... The Use of Policy Analysis and Research Project Library in Conducting ...

  2. EXPOSURE. A Newsletter for Ocean Technologists. Volume 9, Number 2,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-05-01

    Applied Fluid Flow Measurement. Cheremisinoff 1979 Dekker Flowmeters. A.T.J. Hayward 1979 John Wiley & Sons (24.95) Manual on the Use of...Van Nostrand Cooling Techniques for Electronic Equipment D. Steinberg 1980 Wiley (27.50) Optoelectronics Applications Manual Hewlett-Packard 1981...Measurement & Technology. C. A. Vergers 1979 TAB BOOKS (6.95) (Basic treatment) Handbook of Noise Measurement. Arnold Peterson 8th ed. 1978 General

  3. Ergonomic assessment among radiology technologists: a survey in a hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pais, Fernando Lima; Azevedo, Paulo Roberto; Medeiros, Lícia Helena de Oliveira; de Freitas, Iraí Borges; Stamato, Cláudia

    2012-01-01

    This article is the result of an Ergonomic Diagnosis in a study for a Specialization Course in Ergonomics. The research is being done in a public hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, where the target system is the radiology sector. For diagnosis purposes, subjective techniques were used, such as an open-ended survey, Corlett questionnaire and techniques for evaluating ergonomic risk such as Owas and Rula. Systematic observation was emphasized using photos and films. Preliminary observations made to the radiographers found that these professionals suffer risks of physical and verbal harassment, as well as sexual harassment. Most of them feel discriminated against in terms of race and accumulate activities demanding a lot of attention, as the medical diagnosis and subsequent procedures will depend on the outcome of this task. They accumulate tension due to the weight of responsibility, since there are cases where the patient has risk of death.

  4. Analyzing the glass ceiling effect among radiologic technologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belinsky, Susan B; Blagg, James D

    2011-01-01

    The literature has suggested that advancement within politics, academia and the health professions is influenced by gender. Purpose The authors conducted a survey to determine whether advancement was equal by gender in the radiologic science disciplines of nuclear medicine technology, radiation therapy and radiography. The survey was mailed to 900 subjects, 300 from each discipline. The discipline groups were further stratified by initial year of American Registry of Radiologic Technology certification; the authors selected 100 subjects from each discipline who initially were certified in 1978, 100 in 1988 and 100 in 1998. Approximately 33% of those selected responded. The findings of the study provided no evidence that men are promoted differentially than women. Women perceived that men were paid more for the same work. It appears that gender bias is pervasive outside of promotion decisions and, indeed, that some illegal actions (eg, sexual harassment, inappropriate gender-related interview questions) take place in radiologic science clinical settings. It is hoped that this study will set a baseline for future research on whether there is a glass ceiling effect in radiologic clinical practice and stimulate discussion of the importance of equal opportunity regardless of gender.

  5. Radiologic science for technologists: physics, biology, and protection. [Textbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bushong, S.C.

    1980-01-01

    The second edition of a textbook primarily for students in radiologic technology is presented. Separate chapters discuss mammography, computed tomography, diagnostic ultrasound, and design of radiologic physics. Radiation protection is specifically presented in two chapters as well as being integrated throughout the text. The fundamentals of radiobiology, molecular and cellular effects of irradiation, and early and late radiation effects comprise four chapters. (JMT)

  6. Educational Technologists: Leading Change for a New Paradigm of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslan, Sinem; Reigeluth, Charles M.

    2013-01-01

    The transition from the industrial age to the information age has happened and is still happening in our society (Duffy, 2009). However, our current educational systems still operate based on the needs of the industrial-age society (Watson, Watson, & Reigeluth, n.d), making them among the least impacted organizations (Reigeluth & Joseph,…

  7. Educating and Training Accelerator Scientists and Technologists for Tomorrow

    CERN Document Server

    Barletta, William A; Seryi, Andrei

    2012-01-01

    Accelerator science and technology is inherently an integrative discipline that combines aspects of physics, computational science, electrical and mechanical engineering. As few universities offer full academic programs, the education of accelerator physicists and engineers for the future has primarily relied on a combination of on-the-job training supplemented with intense courses at regional accelerator schools. This paper describes the approaches being used to satisfy the educational interests of a growing number of interested physicists and engineers.

  8. Nuclear Engineering Technologists in the Nuclear Power Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, C. H.; And Others

    1974-01-01

    Describes manpower needs in nuclear engineering in the areas of research and development, architectural engineering and construction supervision, power reactor operations, and regulatory tasks. Outlines a suitable curriculum to prepare students for the tasks related to construction and operation of power reactors. (GS)

  9. Exposure. A Newsletter for Ocean Technologists. Volume 4, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-03-01

    Instrumentation Dillon 3 Effect of Standoff Rods on Rotation Rate of a Appell/ Savonius Rotor Woodward 6 A Modular Semi-Spar Surface Buoy Still 8 Wave...Performance by Instrumented Vachon Tests 5 Simulated Strumming of the Savonius Rotor Greene 9 An Integrating Data Logger System Reynolds j Vol 3, No 1 1

  10. Adaptive management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rist, Lucy; Campbell, Bruce Morgan; Frost, Peter

    2013-01-01

    in scientific articles, policy documents and management plans, but both understanding and application of the concept is mixed. This paper reviews recent literature from conservation and natural resource management journals to assess diversity in how the term is used, highlight ambiguities and consider how...... the concept might be further assessed. AM is currently being used to describe many different management contexts, scales and locations. Few authors define the term explicitly or describe how it offers a means to improve management outcomes in their specific management context. Many do not adhere to the idea......Adaptive management (AM) emerged in the literature in the mid-1970s in response both to a realization of the extent of uncertainty involved in management, and a frustration with attempts to use modelling to integrate knowledge and make predictions. The term has since become increasingly widely used...

  11. Change Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Motab Raja Aljohani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Managing change within organizations is a core challenge for the HR professionals as any change concerns people working within the organization. The study of Human Resource Management is based on achievement of goals through corporate strategy and effective management of change within the organization. Change can be successful when it links people job satisfaction and productivity within an organization. Effective change management can result in greater productivity higher work life quality and improved readiness for future changes. Most HR professionals are regularly being asked for developing attitudes and personal skills for change implementation as technical understanding of applying the tools for managing change. This article will outline the challenges faced by Human Resource managers in change implementation. The well-known theories and literature will also be discussed to share light on the importance and change management for HR. Also recommendations and suggestion will be provided for improving change management process within an organizational context. Keywords Change Management Human Resource Management

  12. Development of an electronic radiation oncology patient information management system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandal Abhijit

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality of patient care is critically influenced by the availability of accurate information and its efficient management. Radiation oncology consists of many information components, for example there may be information related to the patient (e.g., profile, disease site, stage, etc., to people (radiation oncologists, radiological physicists, technologists, etc., and to equipment (diagnostic, planning, treatment, etc.. These different data must be integrated. A comprehensive information management system is essential for efficient storage and retrieval of the enormous amounts of information. A radiation therapy patient information system (RTPIS has been developed using open source software. PHP and JAVA script was used as the programming languages, MySQL as the database, and HTML and CSF as the design tool. This system utilizes typical web browsing technology using a WAMP5 server. Any user having a unique user ID and password can access this RTPIS. The user ID and password is issued separately to each individual according to the person′s job responsibilities and accountability, so that users will be able to only access data that is related to their job responsibilities. With this system authentic users will be able to use a simple web browsing procedure to gain instant access. All types of users in the radiation oncology department should find it user-friendly. The maintenance of the system will not require large human resources or space. The file storage and retrieval process would be be satisfactory, unique, uniform, and easily accessible with adequate data protection. There will be very little possibility of unauthorized handling with this system. There will also be minimal risk of loss or accidental destruction of information.

  13. Development of an electronic radiation oncology patient information management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Abhijit; Asthana, Anupam Kumar; Aggarwal, Lalit Mohan

    2008-01-01

    The quality of patient care is critically influenced by the availability of accurate information and its efficient management. Radiation oncology consists of many information components, for example there may be information related to the patient (e.g., profile, disease site, stage, etc.), to people (radiation oncologists, radiological physicists, technologists, etc.), and to equipment (diagnostic, planning, treatment, etc.). These different data must be integrated. A comprehensive information management system is essential for efficient storage and retrieval of the enormous amounts of information. A radiation therapy patient information system (RTPIS) has been developed using open source software. PHP and JAVA script was used as the programming languages, MySQL as the database, and HTML and CSF as the design tool. This system utilizes typical web browsing technology using a WAMP5 server. Any user having a unique user ID and password can access this RTPIS. The user ID and password is issued separately to each individual according to the person's job responsibilities and accountability, so that users will be able to only access data that is related to their job responsibilities. With this system authentic users will be able to use a simple web browsing procedure to gain instant access. All types of users in the radiation oncology department should find it user-friendly. The maintenance of the system will not require large human resources or space. The file storage and retrieval process would be be satisfactory, unique, uniform, and easily accessible with adequate data protection. There will be very little possibility of unauthorized handling with this system. There will also be minimal risk of loss or accidental destruction of information.

  14. Managing Creativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slavich, Barbara; Velikova, Silviya Svejenova

    2016-01-01

    This article aims at providing definitional clarity on creativity and a systematic understanding of its management in organizations. By drawing on the results of a content analysis of creativity definitions in 440 scholarly publications in the field of management between 1990 and 2014, this study...... clarifies how scholars in the management domain have defined the concept and identifies core categories shared by these definitions. It also brings together these conceptual categories into an integrative multilevel framework of relevance for managing creativity in organizations. The framework outlines...... a view of managing creativity, which involves managing interconnected processes as well as dualities, such as processes-outcomes, individuals-collectives, and permanent-temporary creativity units. Finally, it paves the way to new research frontiers for the domain....

  15. Portfolio Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Sharon L.

    2011-01-01

    Enterprise Business Information Services Division (EBIS) supports the Laboratory and its functions through the implementation and support of business information systems on behalf of its business community. EBIS Five Strategic Focus Areas: (1) Improve project estimating, planning and delivery capability (2) Improve maintainability and sustainability of EBIS Application Portfolio (3) Leap forward in IT Leadership (4) Comprehensive Talent Management (5) Continuous IT Security Program. Portfolio Management is a strategy in which software applications are managed as assets

  16. Risk management

    OpenAIRE

    McManus, John

    2009-01-01

    Few projects are completed on time, on budget, and to their original requirement or specifications. Focusing on what project managers need to know about risk in the pursuit of delivering projects, Risk Management covers key components of the risk management process and the software development process, as well as best practices for risk identification, risk planning, and risk analysis. The book examines risk planning, risk analysis responses to risk, the tracking and modelling of risks, intel...

  17. Event Management

    OpenAIRE

    Havlenová, Tereza

    2016-01-01

    Event is an experience that is perceived by all the senses. Event management is a process involving the various activities that are assigned to staffers. Organizing special events became an individual field. If the manager understand the events as a communication platform gets into the hands of a modern, multifunctional and very impressive tool. The procedure to implement a successful event in a particular area is part of this work. The first part explains the issues of event management on th...

  18. Talent management

    OpenAIRE

    Lappyová, Nella

    2012-01-01

    This thesis deals with talent management. It is divided into two parts, a theoretical one and a practical one. The aim is to provide a comprehensive overview of talent management from a theoretical and practical point of view. The aim of the practical part is also to assess talent management at Alliance Healthcare Ltd. giving my own recommendations on the basis of theoretical knowledge. The theoretical part is based on theoretical knowledge and professional literature. It aims to explain basi...

  19. Portfolio Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Sharon L.

    2011-01-01

    Enterprise Business Information Services Division (EBIS) supports the Laboratory and its functions through the implementation and support of business information systems on behalf of its business community. EBIS Five Strategic Focus Areas: (1) Improve project estimating, planning and delivery capability (2) Improve maintainability and sustainability of EBIS Application Portfolio (3) Leap forward in IT Leadership (4) Comprehensive Talent Management (5) Continuous IT Security Program. Portfolio Management is a strategy in which software applications are managed as assets

  20. Practice management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Althausen, Peter L; Mead, Lisa

    2014-07-01

    The practicing orthopaedic traumatologist must have a sound knowledge of business fundamentals to be successful in the changing healthcare environment. Practice management encompasses multiple topics including governance, the financial aspects of billing and coding, physician extender management, ancillary service development, information technology, transcription utilization, and marketing. Some of these are universal, but several of these areas may be most applicable to the private practice of medicine. Attention to each component is vital to develop an understanding of the intricacies of practice management.

  1. Identity Management

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Provides information for identity management services on the creation, modification and eventual deletion of accounts and entitlements based on user relationships on...

  2. Emergence of collective action and environmental networking in relation to radioactive waste management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, R.G.; Payne, B.A.

    1985-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between the national environmental movement and nuclear technology in relation to a local emergent group. The historical development of nuclear technology in this conutry has followed a path leading to continued fear and mistrust of waste management by a portion of the population. At the forefront of opposition to nuclear technology are people and groups endorsing environmental values. Because of the antinuclear attitudes of environmentalists and the value orientation of appropriate technologists in the national environmental movement, it seems appropriate for local groups to call on these national groups for assistance regarding nuclear-related issues. A case study is used to illustrate how a local action group, once integrated into a national environmental network, can become an effective, legitimate participant in social change. The formation, emergence, mobilization, and networking of a local group opposed to a specific federal radioactive waste management plan is described based on organizational literature. However, inherent contradictions in defining the local versus national benefits plus inherent problems within the environmental movement could be acting to limit the effectiveness of such networks. 49 refs.

  3. Management Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on management development. "LMX (Leader-Member Exchange) Theory, Personality Type, and Management Development" (Janet Z. Burns) reports the results of a study on the similarities and differences in personality type (as outlined in the theories of Carl Jung and Isabel Myers) and its relationship…

  4. Marketing Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilke, Ricky

    2012-01-01

    Book review of: Christian Homburg, Sabine Kuester, Harley Krohmer, Marketing Management – A Contemporary Perspective, McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009......Book review of: Christian Homburg, Sabine Kuester, Harley Krohmer, Marketing Management – A Contemporary Perspective, McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009...

  5. Energy Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bete, Tim, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Presents the opinions of three energy experts on the issue of school facility energy management. The experts respond to the following questions: will energy deregulation occur in all 50 states and will it provide real savings; and will the majority of districts hire ESCOs to manage their energy needs? (GR)

  6. Tailings management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-05-01

    Careful planning and water management is essential to the proper management of conventional tailings impoundments. Alternatives, like dry stacking and tailings backfill are becoming more widely used. Effective closure is important, especially if acid rock drainage (ARD) is to be avoided. 11 refs., 3 photos.

  7. Conflict Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, William; Koue, Glen

    1991-01-01

    Discusses general issues involved in conflict management and provides more specific examples of conflict management in libraries. Causes of conflict are considered, including organizational structure, departmentalization, performance appraisal, poor communication, and technological change; and methods of dealing with conflict are described,…

  8. Inventory Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Known as MRO for Maintenance, Repair and Operating supplies, Tropicana Products, Inc.'s automated inventory management system is an adaptation of the Shuttle Inventory Management System (SIMS) developed by NASA to assure adequate supply of every item used in support of the Space Shuttle. The Tropicana version monitors inventory control, purchasing receiving and departmental costs for eight major areas of the company's operation.

  9. Sport Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhouse, Bonnie L., Ed.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Traditional teaching and coaching positions have become scarce but the expanding field of sport management has created its own job market, demanding new skills and preparation. Three articles are offered that explore different aspects and possibilities for a sport management career. (DF)

  10. Aesthetic Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2003-01-01

    Aesthetics, Art & Management - Towards a New Field of Flow. European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM) Workshop , Gattières (France). 2003 Short description: This paper explores some of the rigid theoretical interpretations of the interplay between art and business through a case...... is often described in terms of what a business manager is not and vice versa. This paper explores some of the rigid theoretical interpretations of the interplay between art and business through a case study of two radical Danish artists, Kristian Hornsleth and Michael Brammer. Today, these two artists......, also create for myself, otherwise I don?t live up to people?s expectations.? (Brammer, Interview, August 6, 2002). This paper was presented at the European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM) Workshop on "Aesthetics, Art & Management - Towards a New Field of Flow"....

  11. Dictionary Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Henning

    2018-01-01

    In management theories we find different descriptions of project planning, but the following steps occur in most management plans: target, concept, time plan with milestones and a deadline, project management and the delegation of tasks. These abstract steps are in practice applied very differently...... anticipated until the project is completed with the publication of one or more dictionaries. The reason for that is normally an unrealistic and much too optimistic planning. But it is also due to a missing knowledge about management planning according to a relevant overall lexicographic theory......) theoretical lexicography, and (2) practical lexicography. The ideal practical lexicography, i.e. the ideal way of planning and making dictionaries, applies a theory based on practice. In lexicography the list of steps in a dictionary management plan will be different for each single project. This has always...

  12. Singing in Welsh, Becoming Welsh: "Turfing" a "Grass Roots" Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wray, Alison; Evans, Betsy; Coupland, Nikolas; Bishop, Hywel

    2003-01-01

    Explores the adoption of aspects of Welsh social identity by members of an American college choir specializing in Welsh repertoire. Drawing on questionnaires, face-to-face and email interviews, and recordings of the choir in performance, a picture is built up of the singers' attitudes towards Welsh people, culture, and language, and their…

  13. RUNOFF OF IMIDACLOPRID FROM TURF BY SIMULATED RAINFALL. (R828007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  14. Literacy, Instruction, and Technology: Meeting Millennials on Their Own Turf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Diane

    2009-01-01

    Novice teachers today struggle to integrate engaging pedagogy into their standards based curriculum. 21st century students have been immersed in technology from birth and are accustomed to multi-tasking with several types of technology each day. Students no longer rely on the traditional ways of communication and absorb their information via…

  15. Ornamental, Shade Tree, and Turf Pest Control Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, James S.; And Others

    This document provides the information needed to meet the standards for pesticide applicator certification. Section one deals with the identification of pests and the diagnosis of pest damage. Section two provides an introduction to weed characteristics and herbicide usage. The application, formulation, effects and safety of herbicides in general…

  16. Factors Affecting Furfural as a Nematicide on Turf

    OpenAIRE

    Luc, J. E.; Crow, W. T.

    2013-01-01

    Recently a furfural nematicide Multiguard Protect EC was launched for use on turfgrasses in the United States. A series of greenhouse experiments were conducted to determine the concentration and exposure time required for this formulation to irreversibly affect Belonolaimus longicaudatus, and to study factors that might affect the practicality of furfural use in turfgrass systems. One experiment exposed B. longicaudatus to increasing concentrations of furfural (0 to 990 ppm) in vitro for eit...

  17. Effects of nematicides on nematode densities in turf in Connecticut.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, P M

    1978-04-01

    The plant-parasitic nematodes Criconemoides lobatum, Hoplolaimus tylenchiformis, and Tylenchorhynchus dubius were present in the top 7.5 cm of sod consisting of numerous stolons and fibrous roots. Phenamiphos and 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) controlled all three species, whereas ethoprop and oxamyl controlled H. tylenchiformis and T. dubius but not C. lobatum. Benomyl and carbofuran controlled H. tylenchiformis but had poor control of C. lobatum and T. dubius. The effectiveness of carbofuran varied with the type of formulation, being most effective as a quick-release formulation. C. lobatum was the most difficult to control with chemicals. No chemical treatment improved the growth of 'Astoria colonial' bentgrass (A. tenuis Sibth.) or Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) under the moist condtions prevalent in these tests.

  18. Knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Mahnke, Volker

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management has emerged as a very successful organization practice and has beenextensively treated in a large body of academic work. Surprisingly, however, organizationaleconomics (i.e., transaction cost economics, agency theory, team theory and property rightstheory) has played no role...... in the development of knowledge management. We argue thatorganizational economics insights can further the theory and practice of knowledge managementin several ways. Specifically, we apply notions of contracting, team production,complementaries, hold-up, etc. to knowledge management issues (i.e., creating...

  19. Managing Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Heidi; Vintergaard, Christian

    isprovided, that the relation between a company's strategy, structure and processesin fact have a considerable influence on its pattern of network behaviour. Threecase studies from the Danish biotech industry exemplify and illustrate how acompany's strategy is directly correlated with how it manages its...... of networkbehaviour, knowing how to manage this relation becomes essential, especiallyduring the development of new strategies.......Logically it seems that companies pursuing different business strategies wouldalso manage their relationships with other firms accordingly. Nevertheless, due tothe lack of research in the field of network strategies, this link still remainsinadequately examined. Based on the well-known framework...

  20. Knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Mahnke, Volker

    2003-01-01

    in the development of knowledge management. We argue thatorganizational economics insights can further the theory and practice of knowledge managementin several ways. Specifically, we apply notions of contracting, team production,complementaries, hold-up, etc. to knowledge management issues (i.e., creating......Knowledge management has emerged as a very successful organization practice and has beenextensively treated in a large body of academic work. Surprisingly, however, organizationaleconomics (i.e., transaction cost economics, agency theory, team theory and property rightstheory) has played no role...

  1. Global Managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barakat, Livia L.; Lorenz, Melanie P.; Ramsey, Jase R.

    2016-01-01

    urpose: – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of cultural intelligence (CQ) on the job performance of global managers. Design/methodology/approach: – In total, 332 global managers were surveyed from multinational companies operating in Brazil. The mediating effect of job satisfaction...... was tested on the CQ-job performance relationship. Findings: – The findings suggest that job satisfaction transmits the effect of CQ to job performance, such that global managers high in CQ exhibit more job satisfaction in an international setting, and therefore perform better at their jobs. Practical...... implications: – Results imply that global managers should increase their CQ in order to improve their job satisfaction and ultimately perform better in an international context. Originality/value: – The authors make three primary contributions to the international business literature. First, the authors...

  2. Communication & Management

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Calendar of courses for September to December 2006 Please check our Web site to find out the number of places available, which may vary. Management Curriculum 2nd semester 2006 Titles Dates Language Quality Management 18, 19 September Bilingual Managing Teams 19, 20, 21 September English Communicating Effectively - Residential 20, 21, 22 septembre Bilingual (Full) Personal Awareness & Impact 26, 27, 28 September Bilingual Introduction to Leadership 4, 5, 6 October Bilingue IProject Scheduling & Costing 12, 13 October English CDP-SL part 1 Several sessions Dates to be fixed English or French Personal Awareness & Impact 23, 24 October Bilingual Communicating to Convince 23, 24, 25 October Bilingual CDP-GL part 2 25, 26, 27 October English CDP-GL part 1 Dates to be fixed Bilingual Risk Management 20, 21 December Bilingual Communication curriculum 2nd semester 2006 Titles Dates Language Techniques d'exposé et de présentation 18, 19 s...

  3. Managing Oneself.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drucker, Peter F.

    1999-01-01

    Knowledge workers must take responsibility for managing their own careers. They are challenged to gain a better understanding of themselves so that they will know how and when to change the work they do. (Author/JOW)

  4. Management Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Popovici

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of the survey about the changes in modern management, identified from the experience of Romanian managers. By this online study one presents both the obstacles encountered and the recommendations for such a type of management that the present and future mangers must take into account. What motivated the respondent Romanian managers most to open their own business is the independence it offered them. They work in the field they have liked since they were young. The second reason was the perspective to have an additional income from the business development. The third argument in favour of opening a business is the possibility to assure the balance between personal life and career.

  5. Management & Communication

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Calendar of courses for September to December 2006 Please check our Web site to find out the number of places available, which may vary. Management Curriculum 2nd semester 2006 Titles Dates Language Quality Management 18, 19 September Bilingual Managing Teams 19, 20, 21 September English Communicating Effectively - Residential 20, 21, 22 septembre Bilingual (Full) Personal Awareness & Impact 26, 27, 28 September Bilingual Introduction to Leadership 4, 5, 6 October Bilingue IProject Scheduling & Costing 12, 13 October English CDP-SL part 1 Several sessions Dates to be fixed English or French Personal Awareness & Impact 23, 24 October Bilingual Communicating to Convince 23, 24, 25 October Bilingual CDP-GL part 2 25, 26, 27 October English CDP-GL part 1 Dates to be fixed Bilingual Risk Management 20, 21 December Bilingual Communication curriculum 2nd semester 2006 Titles Dates Language Techniques d'exposé et de présentation 18, 19 sept...

  6. Communication & Management

    CERN Multimedia

    Nathalie Dumeaux

    2006-01-01

    Calendar of courses for September to December 2006 Please check our Web site to find out the number of places available, which may vary. Management Curriculum 2nd semester 2006 Titles Dates Language Quality Management 18, 19 September Bilingual Managing Teams 19, 20, 21 September English Communicating Effectively - Residential 20, 21, 22 septembre Bilingual (Full) Personal Awareness & Impact 26, 27, 28 September Bilingual Introduction to Leadership 4, 5, 6 October Bilingue IProject Scheduling & Costing 12, 13 October English CDP-SL part 1 Several sessions Dates to be fixed English or French Personal Awareness & Impact 23, 24 October Bilingual Communicating to Convince 23, 24, 25 October Bilingual CDP-GL part 2 25, 26, 27 October English CDP-GL part 1 Dates to be fixed Bilingual Risk Management 20, 21 December Bilingual Communication curriculum 2nd semester 2006 Titles Dates Language Techniques d'exposé et de présentation 18, 19 s...

  7. Managing Oneself.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drucker, Peter F.

    1999-01-01

    Knowledge workers must take responsibility for managing their own careers. They are challenged to gain a better understanding of themselves so that they will know how and when to change the work they do. (Author/JOW)

  8. Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald Nielsen, Bo; Nicolajsen, Katrine

    For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model.......For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model....

  9. Management Teams

    CERN Document Server

    Belbin, R Meredith Meredith

    2012-01-01

    Meredith Belbin's work on teams has become part of everyday language in organizations all over the world. All kinds of teams and team behaviours are covered. At the end of the book is a self-perception inventory so that readers can match their own personalities to particular team roles. Management Teams is required reading for managers concerned with achieving results by getting the best from their key personnel.

  10. Classroom Management

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This paper is aiming to discover the paths that enable teachers to manage their work with students in the classroom. To be an efficient teacher means to know with what and how to motivate students to learn. Teacher as an efficient classroom manager needs to have skills to plan and prepare the education process, know how to organize the teaching and how to guide the class. An efficient teacher moreover needs o establish positive classroom climate and working discipline. Also, teacher should be...

  11. Conservative management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruis, W; Leifeld, L; Pfützer, R

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of diverticulitis comprises at least two options: conservative or surgical management. There is a recent trend to limit surgical treatment of acute diverticulitis and to favor conservative management. This review addresses general aspects of conservative patient care with special focus on the treatment of patients with a first attack of diverticulitis. The presentation does not include a discussion of specific drugs which is given in other sections of this issue.

  12. Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance

    2009-01-01

    In this video Associate Professor Constance Kampf talks about the importance project management. Not only as a tool in implementation, but also as a way of thinking, and as something that needs to be considered from idea conception......In this video Associate Professor Constance Kampf talks about the importance project management. Not only as a tool in implementation, but also as a way of thinking, and as something that needs to be considered from idea conception...

  13. Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald Nielsen, Bo; Nicolajsen, Katrine

    For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model.......For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model....

  14. Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance

    2009-01-01

    In this video Associate Professor Constance Kampf talks about the importance project management. Not only as a tool in implementation, but also as a way of thinking, and as something that needs to be considered from idea conception......In this video Associate Professor Constance Kampf talks about the importance project management. Not only as a tool in implementation, but also as a way of thinking, and as something that needs to be considered from idea conception...

  15. The Manager Coaching in Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna Díaz Cardozo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to make contributions to the Manager Coaching, optimization of management in all areas in which it develops and operates the human being, in that sense, devotes part of its content to the figure of the manager, and Coaching as a leader, manager, director and conductor of processes, identified as largely responsible, you must have knowledge and experience in such functions, in addition to meeting a set of skills that will allow you to efficiently fulfill their activities. It relies on documentary research, in obtaining information were used as data collection instruments, bibliographic documents, which provided the necessary information applied to the particular study. Subsequently content analysis was conducted, investigates informational meanings. To obtain the following conclusions, most relevant is: understand and accept that coaching at international level is a methodology that has managed to grab the attention of big transnational companies, very successful companies, large-scale, relying on the good use and management to achieve the manager, a momentous change in his personality, and the effect on people is responsible in the organization.

  16. Global Managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barakat, Livia L.; Lorenz, Melanie P.; Ramsey, Jase R.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of cultural intelligence (CQ) on the job performance of global managers. Design/methodology/approach: – In total, 332 global managers were surveyed from multinational companies operating in Brazil. The mediating effect of job satisfact...... behavior literature, it is not often explicitly associated with global managers that are working in cross-cultural settings. Finally, the authors posit that job satisfaction mediates the relationship between CQ and job performance.......Purpose: – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of cultural intelligence (CQ) on the job performance of global managers. Design/methodology/approach: – In total, 332 global managers were surveyed from multinational companies operating in Brazil. The mediating effect of job...... satisfaction was tested on the CQ-job performance relationship. Findings: – The findings suggest that job satisfaction transmits the effect of CQ to job performance, such that global managers high in CQ exhibit more job satisfaction in an international setting, and therefore perform better at their jobs...

  17. Educational management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Vesel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The internal marketing term was originally derived from the needs of marketers for appropriate comprehension and understanding of marketing programs for the final customer within so-called internal market of employees. It is thus the application of marketing thought in the educational management area. For the successful implementation of it the necessary connection of top management, marketing department and HRM department is demanded which consequentially means that internal marketing functions as a holistically managed process. It can best be described as a management philosophy for communicating, training, educating and informing, motivating and developing, employing and retaining employees. Within the discussed concept empowerment represent the key component. Due to the imbedded additional responsibility it brings to employees it is thus necessary to emphasize the role of educational management which should create servile and customer oriented organizational culture. However, despite nearly 25 years of development, the concept of internal marketing has not achieved the widespread recognition among the managers that it deserves. The major reason for this is that the concept was (is well ahead of its time.

  18. Risk management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, David W

    2010-01-01

    Every plan contains risk. To proceed without planning some means of managing that risk is to court failure. The basic logic of risk is explained. It consists in identifying a threshold where some corrective action is necessary, the probability of exceeding that threshold, and the attendant cost should the undesired outcome occur. This is the probable cost of failure. Various risk categories in dentistry are identified, including lack of liquidity; poor quality; equipment or procedure failures; employee slips; competitive environments; new regulations; unreliable suppliers, partners, and patients; and threats to one's reputation. It is prudent to make investments in risk management to the extent that the cost of managing the risk is less than the probable loss due to risk failure and when risk management strategies can be matched to type of risk. Four risk management strategies are discussed: insurance, reducing the probability of failure, reducing the costs of failure, and learning. A risk management accounting of the financial meltdown of October 2008 is provided.

  19. Ecosystem Management. A Management View

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn-Jonsen, Lars

    The need for management of the marine ecosystem using a broad perspective has been recommended under a variety of names. This paper uses the term Ecosystem Management, which is seen as a convergence between the ecological idea of an organisational hierarchy and the idea of strategic planning...... with a planning hierarchy---with the ecosystem being the strategic planning level. Management planning requires, in order to establish a quantifiable means and ends chain, that the goals at the ecosystem level can be linked to operational levels; ecosystem properties must therefore be reducible to lower...

  20. An analytical approach to managing complex process problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramstad, Kari; Andersen, Espen; Rohde, Hans Christian; Tydal, Trine

    2006-03-15

    The oil companies are continuously investing time and money to ensure optimum regularity on their production facilities. High regularity increases profitability, reduces workload on the offshore organisation and most important; - reduces discharge to air and sea. There are a number of mechanisms and tools available in order to achieve high regularity. Most of these are related to maintenance, system integrity, well operations and process conditions. However, for all of these tools, they will only be effective if quick and proper analysis of fluids and deposits are carried out. In fact, analytical backup is a powerful tool used to maintain optimised oil production, and should as such be given high priority. The present Operator (Hydro Oil and Energy) and the Chemical Supplier (MI Production Chemicals) have developed a cooperation to ensure that analytical backup is provided efficiently to the offshore installations. The Operator's Research and Development (R and D) departments and the Chemical Supplier have complementary specialties in both personnel and equipment, and this is utilized to give the best possible service when required from production technologists or operations. In order for the Operator's Research departments, Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) departments and Operations to approve analytical work performed by the Chemical Supplier, a number of analytical tests are carried out following procedures agreed by both companies. In the present paper, three field case examples of analytical cooperation for managing process problems will be presented. 1) Deposition in a Complex Platform Processing System. 2) Contaminated Production Chemicals. 3) Improved Monitoring of Scale Inhibitor, Suspended Solids and Ions. In each case the Research Centre, Operations and the Chemical Supplier have worked closely together to achieve fast solutions and Best Practice. (author) (tk)

  1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himanshu A. Joshi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available With the tropical climate and unstable land forms, coupled with high population density, poverty, illiteracy and lack of adequate infrastructure, India is one of the most vulnerable developing countries to suffer very often from various natural disasters, which strikes causing devastating impact on human life, economy and environment. Though it is almost impossible to fully recoup the damaged caused by the disaster it is possible to minimize potential risks by developing early warning strategies. “Efficient management of Disasters, rather than mere response to their occurrence has, in recent times, received increased attention both within India and abroad.” Hospitals play a key role in Management of the affected population by providing immediate and effective treatment at the site and in the hospital. Considering the wide range of disasters and no bar for time, place and people it requires immediate intervention, and this management would be an extension of emergency or casualty services of hospital. It adds an extra load to hospital, functions, and to cope up this situation it requires to have a systematic, planned and effective approach. In this article, I have discussed a model disaster management plan for a hospital, clinical principles of management of casualties and specific problems of Disaster Management. A guide line for operational framework to face disaster in the form of Disaster manual is suggested for each hospital. A preplanned disaster management plan according to this guideline would provide an edge to a hospital in such crucial situations and in turn will serve the humanity & society.

  2. CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Delceva – Dizdarevik

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is aiming to discover the paths that enable teachers to manage their work with students in the classroom. To be an efficient teacher means to know with what and how to motivate students to learn. Teacher as an efficient classroom manager needs to have skills to plan and prepare the education process, know how to organize the teaching and how to guide the class. An efficient teacher moreover needs o establish positive classroom climate and working discipline. Also, teacher should be able to evaluate the progress of the students and self-evaluate his own work.In order to examine classroom management skills of teachers in Republic of Macedonia, a research has been made for teachers in primary schools in Republic of Macedonia. Instruments which will be used in order to complete the research and analyses are the following: questionnaire for teachers and educational policy analyses in our country in order to discover whether there is concrete strategy for promotion and implementation of classroom management on local and national level.Analyses of results show that there is a deficit of classroom management skills among teachers, which is due moreover to some lapses in initial education of teachers.

  3. Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shariq, Syed Z.; Kutler, Paul (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    The emergence of rapidly expanding technologies for distribution and dissemination of information and knowledge has brought to focus the opportunities for development of knowledge-based networks, knowledge dissemination and knowledge management technologies and their potential applications for enhancing productivity of knowledge work. The challenging and complex problems of the future can be best addressed by developing the knowledge management as a new discipline based on an integrative synthesis of hard and soft sciences. A knowledge management professional society can provide a framework for catalyzing the development of proposed synthesis as well as serve as a focal point for coordination of professional activities in the strategic areas of education, research and technology development. Preliminary concepts for the development of the knowledge management discipline and the professional society are explored. Within this context of knowledge management discipline and the professional society, potential opportunities for application of information technologies for more effectively delivering or transferring information and knowledge (i.e., resulting from the NASA's Mission to Planet Earth) for the development of policy options in critical areas of national and global importance (i.e., policy decisions in economic and environmental areas) can be explored, particularly for those policy areas where a global collaborative knowledge network is likely to be critical to the acceptance of the policies.

  4. eLearning for health system leadership and management capacity building: a protocol for a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudor Car, Lorainne; Atun, Rifat

    2017-08-21

    Health leadership and management capacity are essential for health system strengthening and for attaining universal health coverage by optimising the existing human, technological and financial resources. However, in health systems, health leadership and management training is not widely available. The use of information technology for education (ie, eLearning) could help address this training gap by enabling flexible, efficient and scalable health leadership and management training. We present a protocol for a systematic review on the effectiveness of eLearning for health leadership and management capacity building in improving health system outcomes. We will follow the Cochrane Collaboration methodology. We will search for experimental studies focused on the use of any type of eLearning modality for health management and leadership capacity building in all types of health workforce cadres. The primary outcomes of interest will be health outcomes, financial risk protection and user satisfaction. In addition, secondary outcomes of interest include the attainment of health system objectives of improved equity, efficiency, effectiveness and responsiveness. We will search relevant databases of published and grey literature as well as clinical trials registries from 1990 onwards without language restrictions. Two review authors will screen references, extract data and perform risk of bias assessment independently. Contingent on the heterogeneity of the collated literature, we will perform either a meta-analysis or a narrative synthesis of the collated data. The systematic review will aim to inform policy makers, investors, health professionals, technologists and educators about the existing evidence, potential gaps in literature and the impact of eLearning for health leadership and management capacity building on health system outcomes. We will disseminate the review findings by publishing it as a peer-reviewed journal manuscript and conference abstracts. PROSPERO CRD

  5. PRECONDITIONS AND FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT OF “MICRO-CLIMATE” MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paraskevov A. V.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates the experience of implementing automated control systems, which indicates that at the system design phase, it is difficult to choose a single criterion of control. Therefore, in the control system it should be possible to quickly set the criterion during operation, and methods of assignment should clearly reflect the agronomic, economic and technical requirements for the system. Thus, modern control system should allow to define not only one of the above control criteria, or a combination, but any other arising in the production process, providing agronomist-technologist opportunities in choosing a method of maintaining temperature and humidity conditions in the greenhouse. Greenhouse is a fastpaced environment and the state largely depends on the intensity of sunlight, humidity, direction and wind speed, the number of fertilized soil and its humidity. Competent and correct management of these parameters is a complex task and involves certain costs, but in the end allows you to benefit many times greater than the costs. The developed system called "Microclimate" will have a positive effect on any hosted sites, as it allows to increase energy efficiency and reduce fuel costs for heating greenhouses, electricity, water

  6. Talent management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomáš Kroupa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The contribution describes the methodology of work with human assets, and namely talent management representing a system of work with employees having over-average potential and representing the source of competitive advantage for the company. The work introduces methodological tools for implementing the system of talent management in the following fields: defining the talent, identification of talents, creating the conditions, care at the side of management, individual or group related technical education, development by way of key competences and evaluation of results, both regarding the abilities and skills of individuals through key competences, and by way of indicators of working performance. Describes evaluation using key competences minimal, optimal and actual competence profile and the way of describing competences by behavioural scale. The paper is the part of the research grant MSM 6215648904.

  7. Managing Risks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alaranta, Maria Eliisa; Mathiassen, Lars

    2014-01-01

    , analyze, and mitigate risks during post-merger IS integration. They identify key risks relating to IS integration content, process, and context, and present five strategies for mitigating those risks. Their framework aims to help managers proactively reduce the impact of adverse events. Adopting......Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) require organizations to blend together different information system (IS) configurations. Unfortunately, less than 50 percent of M&A's achieve their goals, with IS integration being a major problem. Here, the authors offer a framework to help managers prepare for...... the framework supported by their templates is straightforward and the time and resources required are minimal. When properly executed, adoption increases the likelihood of successful merger outcomes; the framework is thus a valuable addition to the management tool box and can be applied in collaboration...

  8. Diversity Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravazzani, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    This entry provides an overview of diversity management which, in the context of organizations, consists in the strategic process of harnessing the potential of all employees to create an inclusive environment and, at the same time, contribute to meeting organizational goals. The entry first...... describes the complex construct of diversity that has been variously conceptualized in the literature, embracing multiple social and informational diversity dimensions such as gender, age, culture, values, and workstyle. This is followed by illustration of the historical development of diversity-management...... discourse and practice, and possible overarching approaches guiding organizations. It goes on to elucidate elements linked to the implementation of diversity management: positive and negative outcomes, most spread practices including communication, and contingency factors shaping the understanding...

  9. Aesthetic Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2003-01-01

    Aesthetics, Art & Management - Towards a New Field of Flow. European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM) Workshop , Gattières (France). 2003 Short description: This paper explores some of the rigid theoretical interpretations of the interplay between art and business through a case...... is often described in terms of what a business manager is not and vice versa. This paper explores some of the rigid theoretical interpretations of the interplay between art and business through a case study of two radical Danish artists, Kristian Hornsleth and Michael Brammer. Today, these two artists...... are experimenting with the concept of what an artist is, and to some extent they are using a romantic picture of how an artist works in a commercial way: ?There is a romantic perception of the artist as being a Rainman-type ? an autistic person that can do nothing but paint. It is an image that I, as an artist...

  10. Ignorance Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John ISRAILIDIS

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies an alternative perspective on Knowledge Management (KM in multinational organisations by definition of the concept of Ignorance Management.Furthermore, this paper discusses the dificulties employees face in understanding and comprehending what they need to know to do their jobs, and what implications this can have within global technology intensive environments. The focus is given in particular on multinational organisations where innovation and new knowledge is essential to both shortterm opportunistic value capture and long-term business sustainability. Hence, this paper discusses why managing ignorance is essential for maintaining a strategic knowledge sharing culture within multinational organisations. Furthermore, it develops a novel theory on the nature of knowledge and ignorance while making the distinction between knowns and unknowns as well as between consciousness and ignorance. The theoretical findings have been applied to technology intensive and innovative environments. A case study is explored within the paper, based on findings from one of the largest military contractors in the world, which employs over 100,000 people across the globe. The paper adopts an interpretative philosophy, using the primary strategy of qualitative research. In addition, due to the complexity of the topic, a mixed methods approach has been used for the data collection process. Moreover, participatory action research is undertaken to study individuals’ actions in a particular context and improve organisational strategies and KM practices. The study shows that managing ignorance and adaptiveness in multinational organisations is becoming increasingly important. Thus, the critical question is not just managing what is known but also trying to find ways to manage the unknown. This viewpoint of acknowledging ignorance, if successfully incorporated within a company’s KM strategy, will not only facilitate and enhance knowledge storage

  11. Transaction management

    CERN Document Server

    Chorafas, Dimitris N, Dr

    1998-01-01

    This book provides an essential update for experienced data processing professionals, transaction managers and database specialists who are seeking system solutions beyond the confines of traditional approaches. It provides practical advice on how to manage complex transactions and share distributed databases on client servers and the Internet. Based on extensive research in over 100 companies in the USA, Europe, Japan and the UK, topics covered include :ʺ the challenge of global transaction requirements within an expanding business perspectiveʺ how to handle long transactions and their consti

  12. Management Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Manugistics, Inc. (formerly AVYX, Inc.) has introduced a new programming language for IBM and IBM compatible computers called TREES-pls. It is a resource management tool originating from the space shuttle, that can be used in such applications as scheduling, resource allocation project control, information management, and artificial intelligence. Manugistics, Inc. was looking for a flexible tool that can be applied to many problems with minimal adaptation. Among the non-government markets are aerospace, other manufacturing, transportation, health care, food and beverage and professional services.

  13. Environmental Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehmann, Martin

    The doctoral research project is co-financed by DUCED-I&UA and is part of a joint effort of Thai, Malay, South African and Danish universities to conduct collaborative research on the overarching theme "Environmental Management: Globalisation and Industrial Governance in Developing Countries......". The PhD project is expected to conclude ultimo 2005. Environmental management and cleaner production (CP) are both internationally recognised as tools for minimising environmental impacts of production or services. However, several studies have shown that especially SMEs, which probably amount to more...

  14. Environmental Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehmann, Martin

    The doctoral research project is co-financed by DUCED-I&UA and is part of a joint effort of Thai, Malay, South African and Danish universities to conduct collaborative research on the overarching theme "Environmental Management: Globalisation and Industrial Governance in Developing Countries......". The PhD project is expected to conclude ultimo 2005. Environmental management and cleaner production (CP) are both internationally recognised as tools for minimising environmental impacts of production or services. However, several studies have shown that especially SMEs, which probably amount to more...

  15. Review of anthraquinone applications for pest management and agricultural crop protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLiberto, Shelagh T; Werner, Scott J

    2016-10-01

    We have reviewed published anthraquinone applications for international pest management and agricultural crop protection from 1943 to 2016. Anthraquinone (AQ) is commonly found in dyes, pigments and many plants and organisms. Avian repellent research with AQ began in the 1940s. In the context of pest management, AQ is currently used as a chemical repellent, perch deterrent, insecticide and feeding deterrent in many wild birds, and in some mammals, insects and fishes. Criteria for evaluation of effective chemical repellents include efficacy, potential for wildlife hazards, phytotoxicity and environmental persistence. As a biopesticide, AQ often meets these criteria of efficacy for the non-lethal management of agricultural depredation caused by wildlife. We summarize published applications of AQ for the protection of newly planted and maturing crops from pest birds. Conventional applications of AQ-based repellents include preplant seed treatments [e.g. corn (Zea mays L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.), sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), wheat (Triticum spp.), millet (Panicum spp.), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), pelletized feed and forest tree species] and foliar applications for rice, sunflower, lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), turf, sugar beets (Beta vulgaris L.), soybean (Glycine max L.), sweet corn and nursery, fruit and nut crops. In addition to agricultural repellent applications, AQ has also been used to treat toxicants for the protection of non-target birds. Few studies have demonstrated AQ repellency in mammals, including wild boar (Sus scrofa, L.), thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus, Mitchill), black-tailed prairie dogs (Cyomys ludovicainus, Ord.), common voles (Microtus arvalis, Pallas), house mice (Mus musculus, L.), Tristram's jirds (Meriones tristrami, Thomas) and black rats (Rattus rattus L.). Natural sources of AQ and its derivatives have also been identified as insecticides and insect repellents. As a natural or synthetic biopesticide, AQ

  16. Management Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on management assessment. In "The Air Force ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) Selection System as a Predictor of Leadership" (Orlando V. Griego, George A. Morgan, Gary D. Geroy), 102 ROTC cadets rated their own leadership characteristics and were rated by subordinates; leaders and…

  17. Change management

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Herselman, M

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available by Fullan’s work (2006) on Learning to Lead Change; the idea that change needs energy, ideas, commitment and ownership rather than a controlling management. The following is a summary of the Change Leadership training modules which were presented... Cost of Ownership model ..................................... 231 7.5 Selecting technology for sustainability: multi-criteria technology selection model...

  18. Managing change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Jane Marshall; Dikeman, Jennifer; Greene, Deborah; Hathaway, Elaine

    2009-11-01

    In the 1980s, the Administrative Section Coordinating Committee (ASCC) published a series of administrative manuals to assist the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) membership in developing processes for administrative activities conducted in a hospital or blood center. These manuals covered topics such as finance, inventory, information systems, and other areas that provide the infrastructure to support operations. In 2004, the ASCC adopted a plan to create a new set of documents addressing the AABB Quality System Essentials (QSEs) from an administrative viewpoint. In the past 30 years, blood banking has made significant strides in donor and patient safety with the addition of tests for infectious diseases, increased regulations, and the introduction of new technologies, as well as a focus on quality. The demands of managing and documenting all of these important advances and the frequency with which these changes have occurred have challenged our industry. While many articles and books are available for managing change in general, this article applies several aspects of the QSEs as a practical foundation for managing change in donor centers, hospital blood banks, and transfusion services. Utilizing this systematic guide to manage change can not only facilitate the change process but help to guard against unforeseen consequences.

  19. Management leksikon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hildebrandt, Steen; Holm, Claus; Hansen, Susanne S.

    Børsens Management Leksikon indeholder ajourførte forklaringer på ca. 4000 aktuelle begreber inden for ledelse, strategi, organisation, forretningudvikling og en række tilgrænsende discipliner. Bogen er den første af sin art i Skandinavien og udkom første gang i 1984. Den er baseret på omfattende...

  20. Parent Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hanne

    2007-01-01

    and parents say given these assumptions? Which management responsibility is addressed through such training of the difficult conversation?  My conclusions are, briefly, that the difficult conversation is more correctly to be called an impossible conversation. It is an asking for the parent's consent...

  1. Risk Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakich, Ronald

    1982-01-01

    Beginning on the front page, this article explains ways of establishing a sound risk management insurance program that can improve a school district's financial position. Organizations that can help are listed. Available from the American Association of School Administrators, 1801 North Moore Street, Arlington, VA 22209. (MLF)

  2. Hospitality Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

    A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

  3. Case management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenstein, A H; Propotnik, T

    1997-03-01

    Providing cost-effective high quality healthcare services ranks as the number one concern for anyone involved with the healthcare delivery system. While quality of care should always be the number one priority, controlling healthcare costs receives most of the attention. With limited healthcare dollars and providers assuming more of the financial risk for services rendered, a whole assortment of cost-containment strategies are being introduced in an effort to maintain some semblance of financial viability. Healthcare providers can approach cost control from two different angles. On the fixed-cost operational overhead side, traditional cost-containment techniques have focused on downsizing, maximizing productivity, staffing redesign, improved purchasing contracts, standardization, inventory control, and other more individualized restructured service models. On the variable-cost clinical side, cost control has been approached by introducing a variety of cost-containment strategies designed to improve efficiency and effectiveness of provider performance. While many of these strategies, previously discussed in the Journal of Healthcare Resource Management have stressed the importance of education, guidelines, pathways, and other clinical "tools for improvement," the success of many of these tools resides in the ability to provide real-time intervention. Real-time intervention rather than the more passive retrospective variance analysis has the greatest potential for producing cost savings by actually making a recommendation that prevents the unwanted event from occurring. In many institutions, the case manager bears the responsibility for monitoring and managing these programs. This article describes various case management models currently used by different institutions.

  4. Management leksikon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hildebrandt, Steen; Holm, Claus; Hansen, Susanne S.

    Børsens Management Leksikon indeholder ajourførte forklaringer på ca. 4000 aktuelle begreber inden for ledelse, strategi, organisation, forretningudvikling og en række tilgrænsende discipliner. Bogen er den første af sin art i Skandinavien og udkom første gang i 1984. Den er baseret på omfattende...

  5. Technology Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilkington, Alan

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports a bibliometric analysis (co-citation network analysis) of 10 journals in the management of technology (MOT) field. As well as introducing various bibliometric ideas, network analysis tools identify and explore the concepts covered by the field and their inter-relationships. Spe......This paper reports a bibliometric analysis (co-citation network analysis) of 10 journals in the management of technology (MOT) field. As well as introducing various bibliometric ideas, network analysis tools identify and explore the concepts covered by the field and their inter......-relationships. Specific results from different levels of analysis show the different dimensions of technology management: • Co-word terms identify themes • Journal co-citation network: linking to other disciplines • Co-citation network show concentrations of themes The analysis shows that MOT has a bridging role...... in integrating ideas from several distinct disciplines. This suggests that management and strategy are central to MOT which essentially relates to the firm rather than policy. Similarly we have a dual focus on capabilities, but can see subtle differences in how we view these ideas, either through an inwards...

  6. Database Manager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This…

  7. Managing sustainability in management education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    Environmental issues are increasingly becoming a key business concern at local, national, international and global levels. Consequently, environmental issues and sustainability have found their way into management education in terms of business ethics, corporate social or sustainability responsib......Environmental issues are increasingly becoming a key business concern at local, national, international and global levels. Consequently, environmental issues and sustainability have found their way into management education in terms of business ethics, corporate social or sustainability...... responsibilities (CSR), etc.. Dominant conceptions of CSR identify a series of different types of corporate responsibilities, fx. economic, legal, social, environmental, etc. (e.g. Crane & Matten, 2010). Although such conceptions employed by numerous theorists and empirical researchers, they involve several...... practical and theoretical problems. Among others, problems concerning trade-offs and complexity. This paper proposes an approach to sustainability in management education which help to initiate such critical reflection and discussion concerning trade-offs and complexity by drawing attention to the complex...

  8. Ecosystem Management. A Management View

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn-Jonsen, Lars

    The need for management of the marine ecosystem using a broad perspective has been recommended under a variety of names. This paper uses the term Ecosystem Management, which is seen as a convergence between the ecological idea of an organisational hierarchy and the idea of strategic planning...... with a planning hierarchy---with the ecosystem being the strategic planning level. Management planning requires, in order to establish a quantifiable means and ends chain, that the goals at the ecosystem level can be linked to operational levels; ecosystem properties must therefore be reducible to lower...... genetic relation. The population structure is below the ecosystem in terms of the planning level, and goals for the community's genetic structure cannot be meaningful defined without setting strategic goals at the ecosystem level for functional groups....

  9. Characterization of the maintenance management of biomedical equipment in emergency services in clinics and hospitals in Medellin period 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Orozco Murillo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Maintenance management is a tool that supports Biomedical Engineering staff in the development, control and direction of maintenance programs for medical equipment. Objective: to characterize the maintenance management of biomedical equipment in emergency areas of medical institutions in the metropolitan area of Medellin during 2008-2009. Materials and methods: a survey was conducted with chiefs and maintenance technicians of eleven institutions classified at level 3, belonging to the health network of the municipality of Medellin. Results: among the medical institutions included in the present study, it was found that 80% of equipment failure was related with mishandling of the devices, and 70% of maintenance work developed during the period of study was carried out by qualified Biomedical Technicians/ Technologist. On the other hand, a weakness was observed in programs for medical equipment maintenance of the surveyed institutions, as it was found that most of them had only working PM schedules, and outdated record information of equipment regarding, maintenance, acquisition or decommissioning plans of equipment. Conclusion: the study shows the existence of weaknesses in certain areas of the maintenance, such also poor organization and management, and poor availability of original spare parts.

  10. Legacy2Drupal - Conversion of an existing oceanographic relational database to a semantically enabled Drupal content management system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffei, A. R.; Chandler, C. L.; Work, T.; Allen, J.; Groman, R. C.; Fox, P. A.

    2009-12-01

    Content Management Systems (CMSs) provide powerful features that can be of use to oceanographic (and other geo-science) data managers. However, in many instances, geo-science data management offices have previously designed customized schemas for their metadata. The WHOI Ocean Informatics initiative and the NSF funded Biological Chemical and Biological Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) have jointly sponsored a project to port an existing, relational database containing oceanographic metadata, along with an existing interface coded in Cold Fusion middleware, to a Drupal6 Content Management System. The goal was to translate all the existing database tables, input forms, website reports, and other features present in the existing system to employ Drupal CMS features. The replacement features include Drupal content types, CCK node-reference fields, themes, RDB, SPARQL, workflow, and a number of other supporting modules. Strategic use of some Drupal6 CMS features enables three separate but complementary interfaces that provide access to oceanographic research metadata via the MySQL database: 1) a Drupal6-powered front-end; 2) a standard SQL port (used to provide a Mapserver interface to the metadata and data; and 3) a SPARQL port (feeding a new faceted search capability being developed). Future plans include the creation of science ontologies, by scientist/technologist teams, that will drive semantically-enabled faceted search capabilities planned for the site. Incorporation of semantic technologies included in the future Drupal 7 core release is also anticipated. Using a public domain CMS as opposed to proprietary middleware, and taking advantage of the many features of Drupal 6 that are designed to support semantically-enabled interfaces will help prepare the BCO-DMO database for interoperability with other ecosystem databases.

  11. 秋施不同缓释氮肥对坪用草地早熟禾抗寒性影响的研究%Influence of Applying Slow Release Nitrogen Fertilizers in Autumn on Cold Resistant Turf-type Bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓静; 于铁峰; 张德罡; 郝凤; 蒯佳林

    2011-01-01

    秋季对草地早熟禾(Poa pratensis L.)草坪施用MU(亚甲基脲)、IBDU(亚异丁基二脲)、SUD1(大颗粒尿素十硝化抑制剂)、SUD2(大颗粒尿素十硝化抑制剂)、SUDT2(大颗粒尿素+2种硝化抑制剂)、木质素肥和有机氮肥7种不同类型的缓释氮肥,以及速效氮肥尿素,于冬季不同时期,测定与抗寒性相关的过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性和可溶性蛋白质(SP)、可溶性糖(WSS)、游离脯氨酸(Pro)、丙二醛(MDA)含量,以探查缓释氮肥对草坪草抗寒性的影响.结果表明:与不施氮的对照相比,秋季施氮肥有助于提高草地早熟禾的抗寒性;7种缓释氮肥的抗寒性效应较尿素更为全面和显著,均增强了CAT活性,提高了Pro,SP和WSS含量,降低了MDA含量.MU,IBDU,SUD1,SUD2,SUDT2和木质素肥6种缓释氮肥对5种生理生化指标的影响基本相同,但MU和IDBU对MDA活性的影响较低(P<0.05);有机肥除了对CAT,Pro和SP的影响较小外(P<0.05),对MDA和WSS的影响与缓释氮肥具有相同效果,因此,秋施有机氮肥也是提高草地早熟禾抗寒性的有效措施.根据Fuzzy数学隶属函数综合评判法计算的缓释氮肥抗寒性数值,8种肥料对抗寒性影响的大小排序为SUDT2> SUD2> IBDU>木质素肥>SUD1>MU>有机肥>尿素(速效肥),也可按其对抗寒性影响的大小分为高、中、低3组,SUD2和SUDT2为高效组,有机肥和MU属于低效组,其余为中效组.%This study applied 7 kinds of slow release nitrogen fertilizers (MU, IBDU, SUD1, SUD2, SUDT2, lignin fertilizer, and organic fertilizer) and one kind of fast release fertilizer (Urea) on turf in autumn. The cold resistance of bluegrass (Poa pratensis L. ) was studied by measuring the contents of cata-lase (CAT) , soluble protein (SP), water sloluble sugar (WSS), proline (Pro) and malonaldehyde (MDA) in different stages during winter. Result indicated that the application of nitrogen in autumn could increase the cold resistance of

  12. Managing OHS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hull Kristensen, Peer

    2011-01-01

    Contrary to a widely held view, rather than seeing the certification of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) as a barrier to increasing employee participation, this article views new ways of structuring participation as a necessary step towards making improvements in OHS management systems....... The article first considers how work organization has changed and then in a similar way traces how bargaining has shifted from being distributive to become integrative to create a fundamental change in the negotiation regime. Finally, by analyzing an OHS-certified firm in greater depth, the article shows how...... solutions for improvements in OHS management and notable bottom-up formulations of OHS benchmarks may help us discover how the organizational form of firms with high-performance work organization can be developed through new participatory structures....

  13. Rosacea Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abokwidir, Manal; Feldman, Steven R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition associated with four distinct subtypes: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. Purpose To review the different kinds of management for all subtypes. Methods We divided rosacea management into three main categories: patient education, skin care, and pharmacological/procedural interventions. Results Flushing is better prevented rather than treated, by avoiding specific triggers, decreasing transepidermal water loss by moisturizers, and blocking ultraviolet light. Nonselective β-blockers and α2-adrenergic agonists decrease erythema and flushing. The topical α-adrenergic receptor agonist brimonidine tartrate 0.5% reduces persistent facial erythema. Intradermal botulinum toxin injection is almost safe and effective for the erythema and flushing. Flashlamp-pumped dye, potassium-titanyl-phosphate and pulsed-dye laser, and intense pulsed light are used for telangiectasias. Metronidazole 1% and azelaic acid 15% cream reduce the severity of erythema. Both systemic and topical remedies treat papulopustules. Systemic remedies include metronidazole, doxycycline, minocycline, clarithromycin and isotretinoin, while topical remedies are based on metronidazole 0.75%, azelaic acid 15 or 20%, sodium sulfacetamide, ivermectin 1%, permethrin 5%, and retinoid. Ocular involvement can be treated with oral or topical antibacterial. Rhinophyma can be corrected by dermatosurgical procedures, decortication, and various types of lasers. Conclusion There are many options for rosacea management. Patients may have multiple subtypes, and each phase has its own treatment. PMID:27843919

  14. Integrating wastewater reuse in water resources management for hotels in arid coastal regions - Case Study of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamei, A; van der Zaag, P; Imam, E

    2009-01-01

    from the company that treats and sells wastewater, if available or from another wastewater treatment company at a higher cost (but at a cost cheaper than that of desalination water) mainly due to the high demand season and the additional cost of trucking. In some cases, however, like in Sharm, the amount of treated wastewater is limited and variable during the year and some hotels have no choice but to partially use desalination water for irrigation. A conscious strategy for water management should rely solely on treated wastewater on-site. This can be achieved by: increasing the efficiency of the irrigation system, reducing the area of high-water consuming plantation (e.g. turf grass) and/or shifting to drought resistant plants including less water-consuming or salt tolerant turf grass.

  15. Management Satisfaction Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Chief Human Capital Officers' Managers' Satisfaction Survey asks managers to rate their perception of workforce planning, interaction with and levels of support...

  16. Benthic habitat map of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Watershed Partnership Initiative Kā'anapali priority study area and the State of Hawai'i Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area, west-central Maui, Hawai'i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochran, Susan A.; Gibbs, Ann E.; White, Darla J.

    2014-01-01

    Nearshore areas off of west-central Maui, Hawai‘i, once dominated by abundant coral coverage, now are characterized by an increased abundance of turf algae and macroalgae. In an effort to improve the health and resilience of the coral reef system, the Kahekili Herbivore Fisheries Management Area was established by the State of Hawai‘i, and the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force selected the Kā‘anapali region as a priority study area. To support these efforts, the U.S. Geological survey mapped nearly 5 km2 of sea floor from the shoreline to water depths of about 30 m. Unconsolidated sediment (predominantly sand) constitutes 65 percent of the sea floor in the mapped area. Reef and other hardbottom potentially available for coral recruitments constitutes 35 percent of the mapped area. Of this potentially available hardbottom, only 51 percent is covered with a minimum of 10 percent coral, and most is found between 5 and 10 m water depth.

  17. Waste Management Program management plan. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-02-01

    As the prime contractor to the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) provides comprehensive waste management services to all contractors at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) through the Waste Management (WM) Program. This Program Management Plan (PMP) provides an overview of the Waste Management Program objectives, organization and management practices, and scope of work. This document will be reviewed at least annually and updated as needed to address revisions to the Waste Management`s objectives, organization and management practices, and scope of work. Waste Management Program is managed by LMITCO Waste Operations Directorate. The Waste Management Program manages transuranic, low-level, mixed low-level, hazardous, special-case, and industrial wastes generated at or transported to the INEEL.

  18. Morris Wetland Management District Habitat Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Morris Wetland Management District Habitat Management Plan provides a long-term vision and specific guidance on managing habitats for the resources of concern at...

  19. Management Recommendations: Native Adaptive Management Program (NPAM)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Management recommendations are a product of the decision support tool for the Native Adaptive Management Program (NPAM). The provides tall and mixed grass management...

  20. The engaging manager the joy of management and being managed

    CERN Document Server

    Furnham, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    In this new collection of articles on managing and being managed, Adrian Furnham, author of Bad Apples, offers an engaging and witty look into the world of being an engaging manager. Based on strong research this book offers a substantial introduction to the joy of management.

  1. Managing Sustainability in Management Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    2014-01-01

    Sustainability has until relatively recently been seen as irrelevant to business practice and, hence, has been largely missing from management education. But, environmental issues are increasingly becoming a key business concern at local, national, international and global levels. This conceptual...... paper addresses the question: How can sustainability be addresses within management education? It engages in a critical discussion of traditional models for teaching sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in order to develop an advanced framework that addresses the limitations...... of traditional models of sustainability and CSR. Traditionally, conceptions of sustainable business and CSR identify a series of different types of corporate responsibilities, fx. economic, legal, social, environmental, etc. (e.g. Crane & Matten, 2010). Although such conceptions employed by numerous theorists...

  2. Information Management: Army Information Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    commander is the franchising authority. When appropriate, the installation commander may designate a non-appropriated fund instrumentality (NAFI) to be...the franchising authority. Overall staff management of CATV is the responsibility of the DISC4 at the Army level and will be executed at the local level...installations are cable television franchising authorities for the purpose of the applicable cable televisions laws. As a result, installations may

  3. Management: Total Army Quality Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-15

    meet current and future customer needs . 3–2. Strategic planning a. Strategic planning is the process by which managers at higher levels envision their...framework for all Army organizations to measure how well they are meeting their stated goals and customer needs . It provides a systematic review that...business. (2) Customer-Driven – The organization’s focus is on its customers – ensuring its operations meet customer needs in the most efficient manner

  4. Strategic Management

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffs, Chris

    2008-01-01

    The Sage Course Companion on Strategic Management is an accessible introduction to the subject that avoids lengthy debate in order to focus on the core concepts. It will help the reader to develop their understanding of the key theories, whilst enabling them to bring diverse topics together in line with course requirements. The Sage Course Companion also provides advice on getting the most from your course work; help with analysing case studies and tips on how to prepare for examinations. Designed to compliment existing strategy textbooks, the Companion provides: -Quick and easy access to the

  5. Stress Management: Positive Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Stress management Positive thinking helps with stress management and can even improve your health. Practice overcoming negative self-talk ... with optimism is a key part of effective stress management. And effective stress management is associated with ...

  6. Research in Hospitality Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management is a peer-reviewed journal publishing papers ... to the understanding of hospitality and hospitality management in a global context. ... financial management, marketing, strategic management, economics, ...

  7. Do Managers Clone Themselves?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, Alma S.

    1981-01-01

    A recent questionnaire survey provides statistics on male managers' views of female managers. The author recommends that male managers break out of their cloning behavior and that the goal ought to be a plurality in management. (Author/WD)

  8. Kenya's health workforce information system: a model of impact on strategic human resources policy, planning and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Keith P; Zuber, Alexandra; Willy, Rankesh M; Kiriinya, Rose N; Waudo, Agnes N; Oluoch, Tom; Kimani, Francis M; Riley, Patricia L

    2013-09-01

    Countries worldwide are challenged by health worker shortages, skill mix imbalances, and maldistribution. Human resources information systems (HRIS) are used to monitor and address these health workforce issues, but global understanding of such systems is minimal and baseline information regarding their scope and capability is practically non-existent. The Kenya Health Workforce Information System (KHWIS) has been identified as a promising example of a functioning HRIS. The objective of this paper is to document the impact of KHWIS data on human resources policy, planning and management. Sources for this study included semi-structured interviews with senior officials at Kenya's Ministry of Medical Services (MOMS), Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS), the Department of Nursing within MOMS, the Nursing Council of Kenya, Kenya Medical Practitioners and Dentists Board, Kenya's Clinical Officers Council, and Kenya Medical Laboratory Technicians and Technologists Board. Additionally, quantitative data were extracted from KHWIS databases to supplement the interviews. Health sector policy documents were retrieved from MOMS and MOPHS websites, and reviewed to assess whether they documented any changes to policy and practice as having been impacted by KHWIS data. Interviews with Kenyan government and regulatory officials cited health workforce data provided by KHWIS influenced policy, regulation, and management. Policy changes include extension of Kenya's age of mandatory civil service retirement from 55 to 60 years. Data retrieved from KHWIS document increased relicensing of professional nurses, midwives, medical practitioners and dentists, and interviewees reported this improved compliance raised professional regulatory body revenues. The review of Government records revealed few references to KHWIS; however, documentation specifically cited the KHWIS as having improved the availability of human resources for health information regarding workforce planning

  9. Management of radiation oncology patients with a pacemaker or ICD: A new comprehensive practical guideline in The Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hurkmans Coen W

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Current clinical guidelines for the management of radiotherapy patients having either a pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (both CIEDs: Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices do not cover modern radiotherapy techniques and do not take the patient’s perspective into account. Available data on the frequency and cause of CIED failure during radiation therapy are limited and do not converge. The Dutch Society of Radiotherapy and Oncology (NVRO initiated a multidisciplinary task group consisting of clinical physicists, cardiologists, radiation oncologists, pacemaker and ICD technologists to develop evidence based consensus guidelines for the management of CIED patients. CIED patients receiving radiotherapy should be categorised based on the chance of device failure and the clinical consequences in case of failure. Although there is no clear cut-off point nor a clear linear relationship, in general, chances of device failure increase with increasing doses. Clinical consequences of device failures like loss of pacing, carry the most risks in pacing dependent patients. Cumulative dose and pacing dependency have been combined to categorise patients into low, medium and high risk groups. Patients receiving a dose of less than 2 Gy to their CIED are categorised as low risk, unless pacing dependent since then they are medium risk. Between 2 and 10 Gy, all patients are categorised as medium risk, while above 10 Gy every patient is categorised as high risk. Measures to secure patient safety are described for each category. This guideline for the management of CIED patients receiving radiotherapy takes into account modern radiotherapy techniques, CIED technology, the patients’ perspective and the practical aspects necessary for the safe management of these patients. The guideline is implemented in The Netherlands in 2012 and is expected to find clinical acceptance outside The Netherlands as well.

  10. Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Kiran

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study covers the knowledge management (KM in institutions of higher technical education (IHTEs from the perspective of thought leaders and junior academia to identify whether there is a difference of opinion regarding KM strategies, including knowledge technologies, knowledge acquisition, knowledge storage, knowledge dissemination, and KM-based framework for research and curriculum development (CD. Data have been collected through structured questionnaire from 141 respondents covering 30 higher educational institutions in India, including national- and state-level institutions—Designations of the targeted respondents in the IHTEs have been categorized into (a senior academia, that is, professors, heads, and associate professors occupying senior management positions, considered to be the institute overseers and thought leaders of KM and (b junior academia consisting of assistant professors and lecturers who are using and also contributing to the KM system. ANOVA has been used to see whether there is a significant difference of opinion among the two groups of knowledge users. The results of the study highlight a significant difference among the two groups regarding knowledge technologies, knowledge acquisition, knowledge storage, and knowledge dissemination. But, there is a consensus regarding KM-based framework for research and CD.

  11. Modelling in forest management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark J. Twery

    2004-01-01

    Forest management has traditionally been considered management of trees for timber. It really includes vegetation management and land management and people management as multiple objectives. As such, forest management is intimately linked with other topics in this volume, most especially those chapters on ecological modelling and human dimensions. The key to...

  12. Assessment of training needs of winemakers and management systems of the wineries in Armenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urutyan Vardan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Armenia has been well known for wine production for many centuries. During Soviet times the industry was particu- larly specialized in wine, brandy and sparkling wine making. Nearly 25% of brandy produced in the Soviet Union was made in Armenia. After the independence in early 1990s, the industry as a whole collapsed and production volumes declined sharply. Wine industry also shrunk dramatically. During late 90s and early 2000s the sector started to grow slowly. However, the main driver of the sector was brandy production. During recent years the volumes of wine production also started to slowly recover. However the wineries in Armenia still have a number of problems: technology and equipment in wineries need to be replaced; production and quality control systems do not correspond to the international requirements; there is a lack of specialists for key winemaking positions, such as wine technologist or laboratory specialist; there is a need for short-term and long-term training, since most of professionals that graduate from wine-related departments in higher or vocational education institutions do not possess necessary skills and practical experiences to contribute to the production process. The main goal of this research was to improve the perception of the experience, management systems and needs of winemaking companies in Armenia, as well as to identify training and technical assistance needs for winemakers. The focal point of this study was the winemakers’ training needs assessment, as a result of which it is envisaged to develop and implement training programs in winemaking sector jointly with well known foreign universities. In the scope of the study Management Systems and Skill Assessment has been conducted and number of recommendations for improvement has been proposed.

  13. LIDER VERSUS MANAGER, MANAGEMENT VERSUS LEADERSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela-Olimpia LOBONEA OLTEAN

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a very pronounced tendency to confuse leadership with management. Also, the leader-manager issue is intensively discussed and researched. Specialty literature highlights the presence of five typical situations regarding the use of the leadership and management concepts, which are: superposition, contraposition, partial similarities between the spheres of these two concepts, leadership - part of management, management - part of leadership. We come with the premise for a new approach: whatever it will be named - management of the future or leadership, manager-leader or leader, the organization of the future will need a visionary, intuitive, authentic leader, with rigor and method, a good organizer and very well trained professionally.

  14. Environmental management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simpson, R.

    2001-04-01

    The Alberta Chamber of Resources (ACR) believes that resource development and environmental management should be achieved through consultation and cooperation processes. The ACR, through the Land and Resource Partnership (LRP) regarding the Species at Risk Act (SARA), is involved in the consultation process with the Federal government. The aim is to achieve consensus and equilibrium between the interests of environmental organizations and industry while protecting species at risk. One of the important issues examined concerns regulatory takings (restrictions on the use of land) and compensation for the loss of use of land, which has no precedent in Canada. At the request of the government, Dr. Pearse, a scientist specializing in economics and forestry at the University of British Columbia (UBC), conducted a study on the topic and submitted a report to the government. Representatives of the ACR had met with Dr. Pearse to make their views known. The ACR disagrees with a proposal included in the report, which states that above a 10 per cent threshold of loss of value of land, 50 per cent of the remaining loss should be compensated by the government, instead of full government compensation advocated by the ACR. In the case of private rights on crown land, Dr. Pearse recommended that no compensation be offered to the energy industry for incremental costs resulting from restrictions. In the SARA legislation, the government favors a collaborative approach with all parties affected, thereby eliminating the requirement for compensation. The Civil Cause of Action was removed from SARA. The legislation still includes strict liability offences, which are considered troublesome by the ACR in the case of accidental disturbance of a protected species. The ACR believes that the resource industries are responsible and perform their activities in a way which protects species at risk. Management through consultation and cooperation will accomplish the goals. Environmental concerns

  15. Quality Management and Integrated Management System

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Graduation theses is directed on the Management System and the characteristics of the company and its development since 2003. Theses is introduced on the Integrated Management System, which consists of the Quality Management System, the Environmental Management System and the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series. The theses is especially directed on the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series. Management System is analyzed and steps are recommended to improve these proces...

  16. MANAGING CHANGE WHEN IMPLEMENTING BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    VLAD BÃLÃNESCU

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I attempted to establish the link between business process management and change management. After the introduction, in the second chapter I made a short presentation of business process management, what the concept entails and prospects. The third chapter contains a definition of change management and types of changes that can occur in an organization when implementing Business Process Management. The fourth part of this paper contains two models for change and present how they...

  17. Stakeholder co-development of farm level nutrient management software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckley, Cathal; Mechan, Sarah; Macken-Walsh, Aine; Heanue, Kevin

    2013-04-01

    internal innovation processes. Open innovation incorporates processes such as 'user-led' (farmer and advisor) innovation and the 'co-development' (by technologists and users) of a technology. This strategy is increasingly used by a variety of organisations across sectors to try to ensure that the use of their outputs (products/services/technologies) is optimised by their target customers/clients, by incorporating user insights into the development of outputs. This research use the open innovation co-development framework through farmer and farm advisor focus group sessions to inform the development of a desirable software package for nutrient management planners (farm advisors) and desirable output formats for the end user (farmers). References Sutton, M., Oenema, O., Erisman, J. W., Leip, A., Grinsven, H. & Winiwarter, W. 2011. Too much of a good thing. Nature, 472, 159.161. European Environment Agency, 2012. European waters — assessment of status and pressures. Environmental Protection Agency, 2012. Ireland's Environment: An assessment 2012. Ribaudo, M.O., Heimlich, R., Claassen, R., Peters, M., 2001. Least-cost management of nonpoint source pollution: source reduction versus interception strategies for controlling nitrogen loss in the Mississippi Basin. Ecological Economics, 37, 183-197.

  18. Nurse managers' challenges in project management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suhonen, Marjo; Paasivaara, Leena

    2011-11-01

    To analyse the challenges that nurse managers meet in project management. Project management done by nurse managers has a significant role in the success of projects conducted in work units. The data were collected by open interviews (n = 14). The participants were nurse managers, nurses and public health nurses. Data analysis was carried out using qualitative content analysis. The three main challenges nurse managers faced in project management in health-care work units were: (1) apathetic organization and management, (2) paralysed work community and (3) cooperation between individuals being discouraged. Nurse managers' challenges in project management can be viewed from the perspective of the following paradoxes: (1) keeping up projects-ensuring patient care, (2) enthusiastic management-effective management of daily work and (3) supporting the work of a multiprofessional team-leadership of individual employees. It is important for nurse managers to learn to relate these paradoxes to one another in a positive way. Further research is needed, focusing on nurse managers' ability to promote workplace spirituality, nurse managers' emotional intelligence and their enthusiasm in small projects. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  19. Managing Public Accountability : How Public Managers Manage Public Accountability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schillemans, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Accountability is of growing importance in contemporary governance. The academic literature on public accountability is fraught with concerned analyses, suggesting that accountability is a problematic issue for public managers. This article investigates how public managers experience accountability

  20. 论科技管理中的审美智慧%The Aesthetic Wisdom in Science and Technology Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张高

    2013-01-01

    由于政治权力的把控,现代科技管理日益异化和疏离人性。而提升科技管理水平的途径之一就是从审美智慧入手,培养管理者的审美素质,拓宽其审美境界,克服管理中的审美缺失;使其关注科技美学、管理艺术;实施“寓管于乐”的审美理念。把审美之花看做智慧与身心的合体,让其自然绽放,以消除科技管理的异化,将科技人员变成真正的审美主体和人的自由对象、欲望对象和审美对象。让科学家拥有更多的实践、精力、热情和冲动去自由地感受美、发现美、雕琢美、维护美和创造美,将美的理念变成感性的显现,将美的精神和意识外化为美的现实;将主观美推进到客观美,最终创造出辉煌伟大的科技成果和科技作品。%Due to the control exerted by political power,the management of modern science and tech-nology is increasingly alienated and divorced from the human nature. The way to improve the manage-ment of science and technology is:to cultivate the managers‘aesthetic quality;to widen their aesthetic vision;to overcome their lack of aesthetic taste;to raise their awareness of aesthetics and management art;and to implement the idea of happy management with an aesthetic wisdom. We will take the aes-thetic management of science and technology as the unity of wisdom,body and mind,and make it bloom naturally in order to eliminate the alienation of science and technology. In this way,scientists and technologists will become real aesthetic subjects as well as objects of human freedom,desire and aesthetic experience. At the same time,we have to enable scientists and technologists to have more practice,energy,enthusiasm and desire to freely feel,discover,shape,maintain and create beauty;translate their aesthetic concept into its concrete manifestations or turn their spirit and consciousness of beauty into a physical reality;and promote the subjective beauty to

  1. Laceration Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mankowitz, Scott L

    2017-08-25

    Traumatic lacerations to the skin represent a fairly common reason for seeking emergency department care. Although the incidence of lacerations has decreased over the past decades, traumatic cutaneous lacerations remain a common reason for patients to seek emergency department care. Innovations in laceration management have the potential to improve patient experience with this common presentation. Studies have confirmed that delays in wound closure rarely confer increased rates of infection, although comorbidities such as diabetes, chronic renal failure, obesity, human immunodeficiency virus, smoking, and cancer should be considered. Antibiotics should be reserved for high-risk wounds, such as those with comorbidities, gross contamination, involvement of deeper structures, stellate wounds, and selected bite wounds. Topical anesthetics, which are painless to apply, have a role in select populations. In most studies, absorbable sutures perform similarly to nonabsorbable sutures and do not require revisit for removal. Novel atraumatic closure devices and expanded use of tissue adhesives for wounds under tension further erode the primacy of regular sutures in wound closure. Maintaining a moist wound environment with occlusive dressings is more important than previously thought. Most topical wound agents are of limited benefit. Recent innovations in wound closure are allowing emergency physicians to shift toward painless, atraumatic, and rapid closure of lacerations. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Management of Guidance, Navigation, and Control Technologies for Spacecraft Formations Under the NASA Cross Enterprise Technology Development Program (CETDP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Kathy; Weidow, David; Hadaegh, Fred

    1999-01-01

    Breakthrough technology development is critical to securing the future of our space industry. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Cross-Enterprise Technology Development Program (CETDP) is developing critical space technologies that enable innovative and less costly missions, and spawn new mission opportunities through revolutionary, long-term, high-risk, high-payoff technology advances. The CETDP is a NASA-wide activity managed by the Advanced Technology and Mission Studies Division (AT&MS) at Headquarters Office of Space Science. Program management for CETDP is distributed across the multiple NASA Centers and draws on expertise throughout the Agency. The technology research activities are organized along Project-level divisions called thrust areas that are directly linked to the Agency's goals and objectives of the Enterprises: Earth Science, Space Science, Human Exploration and Development of Space; and the Office of the Chief Technologist's (OCT) strategic technology areas. Cross-Enterprise technology is defined as long-range strategic technologies that have broad potential to span the needs of more than one Enterprise. Technology needs are identified and prioritized by each of the primary customers. The thrust area manager (TAM) for each division is responsible for the ultimate success of technologies within their area, and can draw from industry, academia, other government agencies, other CETDP thrust areas, and other NASA Centers to accomplish the goals of the thrust area. An overview of the CETDP and description of the future directions of the thrust area called Distributed Spacecraft are presented in this paper. Revolutionary technologies developed within this thrust area will enable the implementation of a spatially distributed network of individual vehicles, or assets, collaborating as a single collective unit, and exhibiting a common system-wide capability to accomplish a shared objective. With such a capability, new Earth and space

  3. Management of Guidance, Navigation and Control Technologies for Spacecraft Formations under the NASA Cross-Enterprise Technology Development Program (CETDP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Kathy; Weidow, David; Hadaegh, Fred

    1999-01-01

    Breakthrough technology development is critical to securing the future of our space industry. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Cross-Enterprise Technology Development Program (CETDP) is developing critical space technologies that enable innovative and less costly missions, and spawn new mission opportunities through revolutionary, long-term, high-risk, high-payoff technology advances. The CETDP is a NASA-wide activity managed by the Advanced Technology and Mission Studies Division (AT&MS) at Headquarters Office of Space Science. Program management for CETDP is distributed across the multiple NASA Centers and draws on expertise throughout the Agency. The technology research activities are organized along Project-level divisions called thrust areas that are directly linked to the Agency's goals and objectives of the Enterprises: Earth Science, Space Science, Human Exploration and Development of Space; and the Office of the Chief Technologist's (OCT) strategic technology areas. Cross-Enterprise technology is defined as long-range strategic technologies that have broad potential to span the needs of more than one Enterprise. Technology needs are identified and prioritized by each of the primary customers. The thrust area manager (TAM) for each division is responsible for the ultimate success of technologies within their area, and can draw from industry, academia, other government agencies, other CETDP thrust areas, and other NASA Centers to accomplish the goals of the thrust area. An overview of the CETDP and description of the future directions of the thrust area called Distributed Spacecraft are presented in this paper. Revolutionary technologies developed within this thrust area will enable the implementation of a spatially distributed network of individual vehicles, or assets, collaborating as a single collective unit, and exhibiting a common system-wide capability to accomplish a shared objective. With such a capability, new Earth and space

  4. MANAGER AND ACCOUNTING MANAGER - SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIRGIL - ION POPOVICI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Management should not be seen as a panacea also because the profession of manager is a relatively new occupation. To be constructive, top managers of any company must be able to integrate into the decision-making process, both the interests of the producer and the beneficiary. To get remarcable results, but also to have the guarantee of an act of qualitative management, the manager must acquire, in a careful and detailed way the management and its evolution and must have a thorough knowledge of its analytical methods, thus contributing to the development of the company he leads. Management accounting involves necessarily, the knowledge of legal norms regulating the activity of accounting, its optimal organization, its use, management and permanent monitoring the use of funds on the basis of maximum profit and the analysis and provision of necessary capital for the next periods, which is determined by choosing the optimal variant.

  5. National Asset Management Agency Management of Loans

    OpenAIRE

    Buckley, John

    2012-01-01

    Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General National Asset Management Agency – Management of Loans I have, in accordance with the provisions of Section 9 of the Comptroller and Auditor General (Amendment) Act, 1993, carried out an examination of the arrangements for the management of loans by the National Asset Management Agency. I hereby submit my report on the above examination for presentation to Dáil Éireann pursuant to Section 11 of the said Act. John Buckley Comptroller...

  6. Residential Energy Management Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecca, Stephen J.; Robertshaw, Joseph E.

    1980-01-01

    Describes two formal programs in the area of energy management education: a Residential Energy Management Summer Institute (part of a faculty development program funded by the Department of Energy), and a Residential Energy Management curriculum for Energy Auditors. (CS)

  7. What Is Stress Management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Workplace Food and Beverage Toolkit What Is Stress Management? Updated:Jul 7,2016 What is Stress Management? ... FAQs About Stress Last reviewed - 6/2014 Stress Management • Home • How Does Stress Affect You? Introduction FAQs ...

  8. Spatial Management Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Spatial management files combine all related and relevant spatial management files into an integrated fisheries management file. Overlaps of the redundant spatial...

  9. Bridge Management Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    In this paper bridge management systems are discussed with special emphasis on management systems for reinforced concrete bridges. Management systems for prestressed concrete bridges, steel bridges, or composite bridges can be developed in a similar way....

  10. Effective risk management SOGO life cycle management

    OpenAIRE

    Ali, Mohamed Omar

    2012-01-01

    After new or upgrade projects the offshore installation gets maintenance or support through the life cycle management organization at Siemens. Small to medium modification projects are executed by the life cycle management. Risk assessment on these projects show different risks when it comes to estimation and pricing of projects, planning and executing, resource management, competence and knowledge.

  11. Research Data Management - Managing digital material

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Anna

    2012-01-01

    This short presentation "Managing digital material" is specifically aimed at PhD students and discussed what data is, why it needs to be managed - including examples of what can happen if it is lost, the Data Management Planning lifecycle, structuring and describing data files and the open access option

  12. Effective risk management SOGO life cycle management

    OpenAIRE

    Ali, Mohamed Omar

    2012-01-01

    After new or upgrade projects the offshore installation gets maintenance or support through the life cycle management organization at Siemens. Small to medium modification projects are executed by the life cycle management. Risk assessment on these projects show different risks when it comes to estimation and pricing of projects, planning and executing, resource management, competence and knowledge.

  13. Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

  14. Methodologies of Project Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Macek

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents comparison of three most popular project management standardsbelonging to a wider group of models (for example, PMBOK, Prince 2, CMMI, ISO 10006,BS 6079, IPMA Competence Baseline, European Commission Project Cycle ManagementGuidelines. The author discusses methods of project management according to PMBoK,Prince 2 and ISO 10006, some chosen criteria and fields of knowledge, such as generalregulations of standards, project range management, resources management, and processesconnected with risk, systems of project quality management.

  15. Project Risk Management Phases

    OpenAIRE

    Claudiu-George BOCEAN

    2008-01-01

    Risk management is the human activity which integrates recognition of risk, risk assessment, developing strategies to manage it, and mitigation of risk using managerial resources. Notwithstanding the domain of activities where they are conducted, projects often entail risks, and risk management has been widely recognized as a success factor in project management. Following a concept clarification on project risk management, this paper presents a generic list steps in the risk management proce...

  16. Quality management system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Mu Sung

    2009-08-15

    This book deals with ISO9001 quality management system which includes summary of this system such as classification of quality, principle of quality management, and definition, requirement and procedure of quality management system, introduction of ISO9001 system like model of ISO9001 quality management system, ISO certificate system, structure of ISO9001 standard, requirement of ISO9001 quality management system, process approach and documentation of system, propel cases of ISO9001 quality management system.

  17. Management of Chinese restaurant

    OpenAIRE

    Cui , Longbo

    2009-01-01

    With Chinese economy developing rapidly, the Chinese restaurant is under the spotlight, but the management of Chinese restaurant is weak at the moment, especially on the service management, which is an important part of service management in the Chinese restaurant. On the other hand, the managers of Chinese restaurant should pay more attention on the service management for instance brand, service innovation. Service management is core and essential concept for every service company recently, ...

  18. Crisis in management solutions

    OpenAIRE

    BATYUK B.

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses psychological properties of managers in stressful situations, their ability to make appropriate management decisions and act objectively according to the situation. The author conventionally divided into categories due to present management solutions in new crisis. The basis of the separation of management categories are psychological and personality and expertise of managers. Particular attention is paid to the managers ability to use their psychological data, combined wi...

  19. Application Coherency Manager Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal describes an Application Coherency Manager that implements and manages the interdependencies of simulation, data, and platform information. It will...

  20. Agile project management managing for success

    CERN Document Server

    Crowder, James A

    2015-01-01

    Management and enables them to deal with the demands and complexities of modern, agile systems/software/hardware development teams. The book examines the project/program manager beyond the concepts of leadership and aims to connect to employees' sense of identity. The text examines human psychological concepts such as "locus of control," which will help the manager understand their team members' view and how best to manage their "world" contributions. The authors cover new management tools and philosophies for agile systems/software/hardware development teams, with a specific focus on how this