WorldWideScience

Sample records for technologies rapid tech

  1. ETV Tech Brief: Rapid Fungi and Bacteria Detection Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Technical brief that summarizes the results for Mycometer, Inc. Mycometer®-test and Bactiquant®-test, which are rapid detection technologies for fungi and bacteria. The brief summarizes the results of the verification report and statement.

  2. ETV Tech Brief: Rapid Fungi and Bacteria Detection Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Technical brief that summarizes the results for Mycometer, Inc. Mycometer®-test and Bactiquant®-test, which are rapid detection technologies for fungi and bacteria. The brief summarizes the results of the verification report and statement.

  3. High-tech exports from developing countries: A symptom of technology spurts or statistical illusion?

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Srholec

    2005-01-01

    Specialization in high-tech products is frequently used to capture technology intensity of exports. The literature suggests that developing countries are increasingly becoming exporters of high-tech products, and some may even be among the most deeply specialized countries in the field of high-tech exports. The paper scrutinizes the relevance of the taxonomies that classify exports by technological intensity in this context. It is shown that specialization in high-tech exports typically does ...

  4. PREFACE: Modern Technologies in Industrial Engineering (ModTech2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oanta, E.; Comaneci, R.; Carausu, C.; Placzek, M.; Cohal, V.; Topala, P.; Nedelcu, D.

    2015-11-01

    The dominant feature of the current stage of society development is the update, refinement and innovation of the technological processes and products whose ultimate goal is to satisfy the market requirements. New and modern technologies should be considered in terms of their applicability in industry while the materials can lead to an increase in the quality of the end products. Replacing the existing technologies with innovative and eco-efficient technologies can contribute to an added value increase in the production of new materials. Materials are one of the most dynamic and prospective fields, with applications in all other fields. The development of new advanced materials and technologies shall contribute to the procurement of a wide range of reliable products, with competitive prices and worldwide performance, high sensitivity and functionality, user-friendly and reduced energy consumption, for different industrial applications. Research in the field of advanced/intelligent materials supposes a fundamental, experimental, laboratory and technological research and its approach has to be linked to the application. This involves, even for the niche fields, complex projects which result in scientific issues in top journals, patents and functional models. The third edition of ModTech International Conference was held in Mamaia, Romania, between June 17-20, with the Professional Association in Modern Manufacturing Technologies, ModTech, as main organizer, and the Constanta Maritime University, Constanta, Romania, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland, the Technical University of Chisinau, Republic of Moldova and the Donetsk National Technical University, Donetsk, Ukraine as co-organizers. The ModTech2015 International Conference brought together representatives of technology and materials manufacturers, various universities, professional associations and research institutes that exchanged the latest knowledge on the conference topics. This edition was

  5. Technology for Tomorrow---High-Tech Exhibition Held in HONG KONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Lin

    1997-01-01

    @@ "Technology for Tomorrow"--- High-Tech Exhibition has been held by Hong Kong Science & Technology Sector for Celebration of Return of Sovereignty Association and China Association Science & Technology on June 28 to July 4, 1997 in Hong Kong.

  6. 77 FR 5291 - Thermo Tech Technologies Inc., T.V.G. Technologies Ltd., and Visual Frontier, Inc.; Order of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Thermo Tech Technologies Inc., T.V.G. Technologies Ltd., and Visual Frontier, Inc.; Order of... lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of Thermo Tech Technologies...

  7. Emerging technologies in ANC at VAL-Virginia Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Marty; Fuller, Chris; Homma, Kenji

    2003-10-01

    This presentation will overview the development and application of three new active noise control technologies at VAL-Virginia Tech. Distributed Active Vibration Absorbers (DAVAs) consist of large area spring elements with embedded active elements and covered with a dynamic mass layer. Development of conformal DAVAs and their application to noise control in aircraft and launch vehicle fairings will be overviewed. New work in applying active control techniques to developing virtual acoustic systems and its application to virtual prototyping and virtual reality applications will be discussed. The development a modular, compact active noise control duct which utilizes very small active sources, transducers and a cost effective controller to reducing the total radiated sound from small fans will be presented. The application of the modular ANC duct to a small computer cooling fan will be presented.

  8. Hi-tech Researches Speed up Scientific and Technological Innovations of CNOOC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Weiliang; Wang Weiyuan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The scientific and technological development of CNOOC Limited entered a new stage during the Tenth Five-Year Plan period. High-tech researches in the company have catalyzed the technological innovation of the offshore petroleum industry.

  9. From novice to tech savvy teachers. A Report of Faculty Members’ Teaching with Technology Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennie M. Hwang

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study explores faculty motivations to adopt technologies for their courses, their current uses of technologies and perceptions of teaching with technologies, as well as their suggestions for how their institutions can best support them. In particular, this investigation compares novice and tech savvy teachers by looking at differences in the technologies they use, how they integrate these technologies in their courses, and the challenges they experience in doing so.

  10. Varying Interpretations of Technology as a Problem in Markets for Customised High-Tech Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vendelø, Morten Thanning; Constantiou, Ioanna

    2012-01-01

    Firms involved in contracting and implementation of customised high-tech products face a number of challenges in their relationships with customers because of the underlying variability of complex technologies. Existing research proposes the use of rational decision models and represents technology...... as an input to the firm's production function that generates a specific return on investment when used appropriately. As such, existing research does not account for the parties' varying interpretations of complex technology. If these interpretations are not revealed and resolved they may decrease customer......-tech product in the software industry is analysed. Based on the insights obtained, we discuss the potential use of inquiring dialogue as a means to reveal information about the different interpretations held by the parties involved in contracting and implementing a customised high-tech product....

  11. Patterns of Technological Innovation: A Comparative Analysis between Low-tech and High-tech Industries in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Eduardo Silveira Fontenele

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to contribute to the knowledge about the patterns of innovations in different economic sectors. Hence, the general objective is to assess the differences in rates, directions, sources and efforts of innovations between low-tech and high-tech industries in Brazil. The analysis is based on the database of a survey on innovation (PINTEC conducted by IBGE. The sample includes 8,578 innovative Brazilian companies surveyed from selected low-tech industries (food and textiles manufactures and high-tech industries (vehicles and electronics industries. Descriptive and factorial correspondence analysis were used to identify the variables regarding rates, directions, sources and efforts of innovation that discriminate the low-tech industries of high-tech. The results confirm that low-tech industries differ from high tech ones in all pattern of innovations dimensions analyzed. Hence, low tech industries, compared to high-tech ones, are less innovative, innovate more in process, have fewer people dedicated to R&D, present suppliers as the most significant source of information and is a larger user of Government funding for the purchase of machinery and equipment. On the other hand, the high-tech industries are more innovative, innovate more in products, have more people dedicated to R&D, search for information of other groups of companies, customers and competitors, and their larger use of public financing is for investing in R&D.

  12. 7th FTRA International Conference on Future Information Technology (FutureTech 2012)

    CERN Document Server

    Leung, Victor; Wang, Cho-Li; Shon, Taeshik; Advances in Complex Data Modeling and Computational Methods in Statistics

    2012-01-01

    This book is about Future Information Technology, Application, and Service (FutureTech 2012 volume 2). The topics of FutureTech 2012 cover the current hot topics satisfying the world-wide ever-changing needs. The FutureTech 2012 is intended to foster the dissemination of state-of-the-art research in all future IT areas, including their models, services, and novel applications associated with their utilization. The FutureTech 2012 will provide an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in this area. In addition, the conference will publish high quality papers which are closely related to the various theories, modeling, and practical applications in many types of future technology. The main scope of FutureTech 2012 is as follows. Hybrid Information Technology Cloud and Cluster Computing Ubiquitous Networks and Wireless Communications Multimedia Convergence Intelligent and Pervasive Applications Security and Trust Computing IT Management and Service Bioinfo...

  13. A new model on the use of ubiquitous technology (U-Tech as a learning tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muliati Sedek

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Laptops, smartphones and tablets which also known as ubiquitous technology or u-tech have been widely used by students in the university. However, study on the factors influencing it usage as not many comprehensive studies have been done related to it. A review of related literature reveals that factors, namely the Technology Competency (TC, Performance Expectancy (PE, Effort Expectancy (EE, Behavioural Intention (BI, Facilitating Conditions (FC and Social Status (SS influence its usage. Thus, the focus of this study was to confirm whether the determined factors contribute towards u-tech usage among students in the institutions of higher learning, particularly in Malaysia. This study was based on a quantitative research in which the Structural Equation Modelling using AMOS was employed. The results attained from the analysis produced a reliable model towards u-tech usage. Therefore, it can be concluded that, u-tech usage described by the five factors. This study has suggested that the university administration should play an active role in disseminating any news that is related to the usefulness of u-tech.

  14. Technology Strategy in Irregular Warfare: High-Tech Versus Right-Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    equipment, preemptive air strikes , and artillery bombardment. Defensive operations have a twofold purpose: to defend captured territory against...political implications of this incident? To the lay observer, the Doolittle raid was a simple brazen use of flying technology to strike at the heart...led the Afghan government to seek peace.91 Take note that the oldest bomber in the RAF was the only aircraft with this long strike capability, and

  15. Science and Technology Is Not Simply Equal to Sci-Tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xingmin Li

    2003-01-01

    @@ The terms "science" (Hanyu Pinyin: Kēxué) and"technology" (Jìshù), in western languages, are usu-ally used separately with different meanings or to-gether as "science and technology". However, theyare often mentioned as "Kēxué Jìshù", or even abbre-viated as "sci-tech (Kējì)" in China (It is used in asimilar way in Japan).

  16. Tech-X发动机及其先进技术分析%Analysis on Tech-X Engine and Its Advance Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 巨亚斌

    2013-01-01

      Tech-X发动机是GE公司研发的用于超大航程公务机的新一代高涵道比涡扇发动机。本文就Tech-X发动机的性能指标和先进技术创新进行了概括性分析,供相关人士参考。%The Tech-X is a high bypass turbofan engine currently under development by GE Aviation. It is being developed in paral el with the larger CFM International LEAP-X, and includes many similar technologies, like blisks and NOx reducing combustors. GE sees potential in using the engine both on large cabin business jets and regional aircraft, where it wil replace the CF34 in GE's production line.

  17. Advanced Multimission Operations Systems Tech (AMMOS) Technology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — AMMOS Technology tasks include: - Enhance mission planning and sequence generation tools with constraint based automated planning and scheduling techniques to enable...

  18. Tech Tonic: Towards a New Literacy of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordes, Colleen; Miller, Edward

    2004-01-01

    This report addresses the effect of technology on today's children, advancing three central arguments: (1) Our children face a technological frontier of irreversible changes in human biology and the world's ecology; (2) Children's lives are increasingly filled with screen time rather than real time with nature, caring adults, the arts, and…

  19. "Ed Tech in Reverse": Information Technologies and the Cognitive Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Norm; Feenberg, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    As we rapidly approach the 50th year of the much-celebrated "cognitive revolution", it is worth reflecting on its widespread impact on individual disciplines and areas of multidisciplinary endeavour. Of specific concern in this paper is the example of the influence of cognitivism's equation of mind and computer in education. Within education, this…

  20. "Ed Tech in Reverse": Information Technologies and the Cognitive Revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Norm; Feenberg, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    As we rapidly approach the 50th year of the much-celebrated "cognitive revolution", it is worth reflecting on its widespread impact on individual disciplines and areas of multidisciplinary endeavour. Of specific concern in this paper is the example of the influence of cognitivism's equation of mind and computer in education. Within education, this…

  1. 11TH Annual Science and Engineering Technology Conference/DoD Tech Exposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    Technologies, Inc. Mr. John Maguire Georgia Tech Research Institute Mr. Roger Mann Lockheed Martin Corporation Dr. Todd Marek Scientific Research...Pandemic Disease Manmade Disasters Illegal Migration UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 5 60 Organizations are part of our Team!!! Public Safety Canada Transport...Resources (e.g., Illegal Fishing) • Pandemic Disease – HIV/AIDS • Insufficient Means to Confront Challenges •Dependence on Foreign Assistance 11.7

  2. Proceedings of the water technologies symposium : WaterTech 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    This conference provided a forum for leaders in all industry sectors that have an interest in the technical aspects of water and wastewater management to discuss recent innovations in environmental remediation. Some areas and case studies covered in the presentations included water resources and water quality; groundwater-surface water interaction; groundwater and surface water management; watershed modelling, planning and management; data collection; ecohydrology; protection and sustainable management of water resources; emerging contaminants; disaster planning; facility operations; industrial issues and technologies; industrial and municipal wastewater treatment; coal-bed methane development; deep well injection; beneficial uses of produced water; water conservation and re-use; integrated research; nanotechnology applications; and regulatory issues, including saline versus non-saline water. The conference sessions were entitled: ground water; hot topics; wastewater; regulatory update; Edmonton Waste Management Centre of Excellence; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council; produced water; modelling; and miscellaneous. The conference featured 42 presentations, of which 3 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  3. Development of hi-tech ceramics fabrication technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Suk; Park, Ji Yeon; Kim, Sun Jai; Jung Choong Hwan; Oh, Seok Jin

    1997-07-01

    There are some ceramic materials being used in the nuclear energy such as nuclear fuel, coolant pump seals, tritium breeder materials, a high temperature absorber, and the solid electrolyte for recovering tritium. In addition, lots of researches recently have been conducted on the development of highly functional ceramics such as highly efficient shielding materials, functional graded materials and radioactive isotopes-separating materials. Therefore, one of the objectives of this project is to develop ultra-fine and pure powder manufacturing technology. Tritium breeder materials, LiAlO{sub 2}, Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3} were made with a combustion process of mixed fuels that is developed indigenously in this project. Additionally, this study also focused on the development of promising low temperature electrolytes of ceria. By using the ceria powder made by the combustion process of GNP was investigated their sinterability and the electrolytic characteristics. (author). 167 refs., 74 tabs., 91 figs

  4. [Hi-tech trends in future dentistry--part A: computerized technologies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feuerstein, O; Houri-Haddad, Y; Lipovetsky, M; Perez-Davidi, M; Weiss, E I

    2006-07-01

    Growing knowledge and information in the field of dentistry has had a great impact on dental education, management and practice. A prominent change is the digital revolution, which presents new computed technologies and accessible means of communication for sharing written and visual information. Biotechnology, yet another innovated field, will change dentistry even further. This article presents dental innovations forwarded by Israeli Hi-Tech companies. An overview of some advances in technology in the field of dentistry is presented. Part of the described technologies is in R&D phase, part is under preliminary clinical evaluation, and a few have undergone short-term clinical studies. Part A of the article discusses the application of computerized imaging systems to educational purposes, diagnostics and treatment; part B presents other diagnostic and therapeutic technologies.

  5. [Hi-tech trends in future dentistry--Part B: diagnostic and therapeutic technologies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feuerstein, O; Houri-Haddad, Y; Lipovetsky, M; Perez-Davidi, M; Weiss, E I

    2006-10-01

    The technology advance and the growing amount of knowledge had a great impact on dental practice for the last decade. The prominent change began with digital revolution presenting new computed technologies and accessible communicational means for sharing literal and imaging information. Following toward the coming biotechnological revolution, dentistry will be even further changed. This article presents dental innovations of Israeli Hi-Tech companies, sorted into two groups. Part A of the article discussed the area of computed imaging systems for educational purposes, diagnostic and treatment. While part B presents other diagnostic or therapeutic technologies. However, because some of the described technologies are still on their R&D (Research and Development) phases, they are not commercialized yet in the market.

  6. High Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Manterola, Javier; Fernández Casado, S.A., Carlos

    1987-01-01

    "High Tech" is an architectural movement that emphasizes the technological dimension of the building as expression means. Its research includes the diverse structures composing the building: resistance, closing, services, distribution and communications. Its results are unequal since not all the buildings rising from this movement are high technology and already are other buildings not enrolled in this movement. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster are its main representatives.

  7. Standard Tools for Measuring Post Implementation TECH MOD (Technology Modernization) Cost Savings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    Another con- tractor developed a formula based on the Cost Performance Report ( CPR ) which provides unit cost savings. The final contractor measured...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INITIATIVES ........... 2 C. TECH MOD HISTORY ............ ...... ......... 3 D. THE TECH MOD PROCESS ........... ............ 4...Guide 4 Oct 1984). C. TECH MOD HISTORY The first Tech Mod planning started in late 1970 with the F-16 program and the need to improve the government

  8. Tech transfer outreach. An informal proceedings of the first technology transfer/communications conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebetrau, S. [ed.

    1992-10-01

    This document provides an informal summary of the conference workshop sessions. ``Tech Transfer Outreach!`` was originally designed as an opportunity for national laboratory communications and technology transfer staff to become better acquainted and to discuss matters of mutual interest. When DOE field office personnel asked if they could attend, and then when one of our keynote speakers became a participant in the discussions, the actual event grew in importance. The conference participants--the laboratories and DOE representatives from across the nation--worked to brainstorm ideas. Their objective: identify ways to cooperate for effective (and cost-effective) technology transfer outreach. Thus, this proceedings is truly a product of ten national laboratories and DOE, working together. It candidly presents the discussion of issues and the ideas generated by each working group. The issues and recommendations are a consensus of their views.

  9. Libraries as a venue for exciting education technology, both high tech and low

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harold, J. B.; Dusenbery, P.; Holland, A.

    2016-12-01

    Public libraries provide a broad range of possibilities for reaching diverse audiences with NASA and STEM related content and activities, from hands-on activities, to interactive kiosks incorporating science based games, simulations, and real-time data. NCIL/SSI has been developing STEM-based exhibits and program activities for public libraries since 2007, and is currently managing 7 national tours in partnership with the American Library Association and other organizations. Past and current exhibitions will reach over 100 libraries and an estimated 1.5 million patrons. In this paper we will discuss a range of findings from almost a decade of deploying both high and low tech STEM learning strategies into libraries, including usage and engagement by library patrons, and challenges (and solutions) for deploying technologically sophisticated components into libraries which may or may not have dedicated technical staff.

  10. Iterest grows for Dutch mid-tech and low-tech greenhouse technology : A greenhouse to suit all tropical conditions (interview with Anne Elings)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kierkels, T.; Elings, A.

    2014-01-01

    The Netherlands sets the standard for high-tech greenhouses worldwide. But increasingly suppliers are looking too at possibilities within the mid-tech and even the low-tech market segments. The Dutch government is supporting demonstration projects, for example in Mexico, East Africa and Malaysia. Te

  11. Utilizing Information Technology to Facilitate Rapid Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    PAGES 109 14. SUBJECT TERMS Rapid Acquisition, eCommerce , eProcurement, Information Technology, Contracting, Global Information Network...Agency. 5 eCommerce and eProcurement, and possess an adequate knowledge of information technology. D. RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. Primary Research... eCommerce , Information Technology, and eProcurement knowledge, and government and private industry reports utilizing numerous library and Internet

  12. TechEdSat Nano-Satellite Series Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murbach, Marcus; Martinez, Andres; Guarneros Luna, Ali

    2014-01-01

    TechEdSat-3p is the second generation in the TechEdSat-X series. The TechEdSat Series uses the CubeSat standards established by the California Polytechnic State University Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo. With typical blocks being constructed from 1-unit (1U 10x10x10 cm) increments, the TechEdSat-3p has a 3U volume with a 30 cm length. The project uniquely pairs advanced university students with NASA researchers in a rapid design-to-flight experience lasting 1-2 semesters.The TechEdSat Nano-Satellite Series provides a rapid platform for testing technologies for future NASA Earth and planetary missions, as well as providing students with an early exposure to flight hardware development and management.

  13. Composites by rapid prototyping technology

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kumar, S

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available aspects in selective metal powder sintering. Ann CIRP 1996; 45(1):183-86. [9] Wiria FE, Leong KF, Chua CK, and Liu Y. Poly-e-capralactone/hydroxyapatite for tissue engineering scaffold fabrication by selective laser sintering. Acta Biomat 2007; 3(1): 1... for medical and technical applications via selective laser melting. Pro Euro-uRapid 2006; Frankfurt, A4/1. [17] Simchi A and Pohl H. Direct laser sintering of iron-graphite powder mixture. Mat Sc & Eng A 2004; 383 (2): 191-200. [18] Laoui T, Froyen L...

  14. Two Different Maintenance Strategies in the Hospital Environment: Preventive Maintenance for Older Technology Devices and Predictive Maintenance for Newer High-Tech Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezdi, Mana

    2016-01-01

    A maintenance program generated through the consideration of characteristics and failures of medical equipment is an important component of technology management. However, older technology devices and newer high-tech devices cannot be efficiently managed using the same strategies because of their different characteristics. This study aimed to generate a maintenance program comprising two different strategies to increase the efficiency of device management: preventive maintenance for older technology devices and predictive maintenance for newer high-tech devices. For preventive maintenance development, 589 older technology devices were subjected to performance verification and safety testing (PVST). For predictive maintenance development, the manufacturers' recommendations were used for 134 high-tech devices. These strategies were evaluated in terms of device reliability. This study recommends the use of two different maintenance strategies for old and new devices at hospitals in developing countries. Thus, older technology devices that applied only corrective maintenance will be included in maintenance like high-tech devices.

  15. Vigor Clean Tech Inc.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brubacher-Cressman, Dale [Vigor Clean Tech Inc. (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    On May 5, 2011, the Ontario Waterpower Association hosted the emergent hydro workshop in Peterborough. The first technology presented by Vigor Clean Tech Inc. was a system with a vertical axis which is supported by a floating structure and can provide 10's of kWs. The second one is the PowerPipe, an in-conduit system which can be implemented in existing or new conduits and that generates electricity from excess head pressure in rapidly flowing water transmission pipelines; the PowerPipe can be used in low head or incremental sites. With Vigor's technology it is possible to generate renewable energy economically on a small scale and to leverage under-utilized infrastructures. However, to date, few field applications have been carried out. This presentation provided information on a technology which has the potential to produce a steady supply of reliable renewable energy on a small scale.

  16. Removal of contaminants from equipment and debris and waste minimization using TechXtract{reg_sign} technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonem, M.W. [EET, Inc., Bellaire, TX (United States)

    1997-10-01

    Under this Program Research and Development Agreement (PRDA), EET, Inc., is extending its proprietary TechXtract{reg_sign} chemical decontamination technology into an effective, economical, integrated contaminant removal system. This integrated system will consist of a series of decontamination baths using the TechXtract{reg_sign} chemical formulas, followed by a waste treatment process that will remove the contaminants from the spent chemicals. Sufficient decontamination will result so that materials can be released without restriction after they have been treated, even those materials that have traditionally been considered to be {open_quotes}undecontaminable.{close_quotes} The secondary liquid waste will then be treated to separate any hazardous and radioactive contaminants, so that the spent chemicals and wastewater can be discharged through conventional, permitted outlets. The TechXtract{reg_sign} technology is a unique process that chemically extracts hazardous contaminants from the surface and substrate of concrete, steel, and other solid materials. This technology has been used successfully to remove contaminants as varied as PCBs, radionuclides, heavy metals, and hazardous organics. The process` advantage over other alternatives is its effectiveness in safe and consistent extraction of subsurface contamination. TechXtract{reg_sign} is a proprietary process developed, owned, and provided by EET, Inc. The objective of the PRDA is to demonstrate on a full-scale basis an economical system for decontaminating equipment and debris, with further treatment of secondary waste streams to minimize waste volumes. Contaminants will be removed from the contaminated items to levels where they can be released for unrestricted use. The entire system will be designed with maximum flexibility and automation in mind.

  17. High Tech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manterola, Javier

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available "High Tech" is an architectural movement that emphasizes the technological dimension of the building as expression means. Its research includes the diverse structures composing the building: resistance, closing, services, distribution and communications. Its results are unequal since not all the buildings rising from this movement are high technology and already are other buildings not enrolled in this movement. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster are its main representatives.

    "High Tech" es un movimiento arquitectónico que enfatiza la dimensión tecnológica del edificio como medio de expresión. Su investigación se fija en las diversas estructuras que configuran el edificio, la resistente, la de cerramiento, la de servicios, la de distribución y comunicaciones. Sus resultados son desiguales pues no todos los edificios que surgen de este movimiento son alta tecnología y muchos otros no inscritos en dicho movimiento sí lo son. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers y Norman Foster son sus representantes más destacados.

  18. Bioreactor technology: a novel industrial tool for high-tech production of bioactive molecules and biopharmaceuticals from plant roots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivakumar, Ganapathy

    2006-12-01

    Plants are the richest source for different bioactive molecules. Because of the vast number of side effects associated with synthetic pharmaceuticals, medical biotechnologists turned to nature to provide new promising therapeutic molecules from plant biofactories. The large-scale availability of the disease- and pesticide-free raw material is, however, restricted in vivo. Many bioactive plant secondary metabolites are accumulated in roots. Engineered plants can also produce human therapeutic proteins. Vaccines and diagnostic monoclonal antibodies can be won from their roots, so that engineered plants hold immense potential for the biopharmaceutical industry. To obtain sufficient amounts of the plant bioactive molecules for application in human therapy, adventitious and hairy roots have to be cultured in in vitro systems. High-tech pilot-scale bioreactor technology for the establishment of a long-term adventitious root culture from biopharmaceutical plants has recently been established. In this review, I briefly discuss a technology for cultivating bioactive molecule-rich adventitious and hairy roots from plants using a high-tech bioreactor system, as well as the principles and application of genome-restructuring mechanisms for plant-based biopharmaceutical production from roots. High-tech bioreactor-derived bioactive phytomolecules and biopharmaceuticals hold the prospect of providing permanent remedies for improving human well-being.

  19. Rapid Prototyping: Technologies, Materials and Advances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dudek P.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of product development, the term rapid prototyping (RP is widely used to describe technologies which create physical prototypes directly from digital data. Recently, this technology has become one of the fastest-growing methods of manufacturing parts. The paper provides brief notes on the creation of composites using RP methods, such as stereolithography, selective laser sintering or melting, laminated object modelling, fused deposition modelling or three-dimensional printing. The emphasis of this work is on the methodology of composite fabrication and the variety of materials used in these technologies.

  20. High-Tech Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Eşsiz

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available The technological development in building and construction area, bring with the new construction systems and the new products. The aim of this study is to define the High Tech concept, and set the common and basic characteristics of High Tech applications. During 1970’s High Tech was born and developed in Britain. Especially British Architects Richard Rogers, Michael Hopkins, Norman Foster, Nicholas Grimshaw and Ian Ritchie are the leaders of this style. Their architecture show the machine aesthetic and use of industrial revoluation materials such as glass and steel. The reasons for wide usage of this technology in building constructions are; the ease of renewing the structural and installation systems by the changing technology and giving monumentality to the prestige buildings. High Tech building which we have many examples of give their occupants a lot of opportunities and also they can adapt itself to the time.

  1. Rapid thermal processing science and technology

    CERN Document Server

    Fair, Richard B

    1993-01-01

    This is the first definitive book on rapid thermal processing (RTP), an essential namufacturing technology for single-wafer processing in highly controlled environments. Written and edited by nine experts in the field, this book covers a range of topics for academics and engineers alike, moving from basic theory to advanced technology for wafer manufacturing. The book also provides new information on the suitability or RTP for thin film deposition, junction formation, silicides, epitaxy, and in situ processing. Complete discussions on equipment designs and comparisons between RTP and other

  2. Rapid Prototyping Technology of Tissue Engineering Scaffold

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管金鹏

    2014-01-01

    In the modern medicine field, the transplant of organ and tissue is a big problem due to serious shortage of donor organ. Artificial organ and tissue is one of solutions. With the development of science, various tissue manufacture techniques emerged. Hereinto, due to its versatility both in materials and structure, rapid prototyping technology has become one of the important methods for tissue engineering scaffold fabrication in this field.

  3. What Is Your Favorite Ed Tech Tool? Educators Hail the Benefits of Many Technologies during 30 Years of Effective Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurster, Paul

    2009-01-01

    In honor of International Society for Technology in Education's (ISTE's) 30th anniversary, "Learning & Leading with Technology" conducted a poll asking members to cite their favorite teaching tools. After asking members of ISTE's Special Interest Groups to name three tech tools they felt were the most influential in education over the course of…

  4. 76 FR 13438 - In the Matter of AdAl Group, Inc., Com/Tech Communications Technologies, Inc., Dialog Group, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... COMMISSION In the Matter of AdAl Group, Inc., Com/Tech Communications Technologies, Inc., Dialog Group, Inc... Management Technologies Corporation, Interiors, Inc., and SFG Financial Corp.; Order of Suspension of Trading... accurate information concerning the securities of AdAl Group, Inc. because it has not filed any...

  5. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 27: Knowledge diffusion and US government technology policy: Issues and opportunities for sci/tech librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Hannah, Stan; Lawrence, Barbara; Kennedy, John M.

    1992-01-01

    Federal involvement in simulating economic growth through the development and application of technology policy is currently the subject of serious debate. A recession and the recognition that an internationally competitive economy is a prerequisite for the attainment of national goals have fostered a number of technology policy initiatives aimed at improving the economic competitiveness of American industry. This paper suggests that the successful implementation of U.S. technology policy will require the adoption of a knowledge diffusion model, the development of user oriented information products and services, and a more 'activist' approach on the part of sci/tech librarians in the provision of scientific and technical information (STI). These changes will have a dramatic impact on the sci/tech library of the future and the preparation of sci/tech librarians.

  6. NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. XXVII - Knowledge diffusion and U.S. government technology policy: Issues and opportunities for sci/tech librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Hannah, Stan; Lawrence, Barbara; Kennedy, John M.

    1992-01-01

    Federal involvement in stimulating economic growth through the development and application of technology policy is currently the subject of serious debate. A recession and the recognition that an internationally competitive economy is a prerequisite for the attainment of national goals have fostered a number of technology policy initiatives aimed at improving the economic competitiveness of American industry. This paper suggests that the successful implementation of U.S. technology policy will require the adoption of a knowledge diffusion model, the development of user oriented information products and services, and a more 'activist' approach on the part of sci/tech librarians in the provision of scientific and technical information (STI). These changes will have a dramatic impact on the sci/tech library of the future and the preparation of sci/tech librarians.

  7. Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012–2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least preserving the volume of high-tech exports are impossible on the existing industrial base and production technologies. It is displayed that an accumulation of high-tech exports will be possible only with implementation of the prospective production technologies (PPT, based on the own unique scientific-technological groundwork in the next 10–15 years, in view of: transition to the new (projected materials with desired properties; participation in research on mathematic modeling for intelligent production systems, co-working in the international projects of this kind; participation in pilot projects in the ICT industry; developing industrial nanobiotechnology; carrying out space research and developments in the terms of projects of the European Space Agency.

  8. Understanding Mexican High-tech Organizations: A Conceptualization Problem?

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Working paper serie RMT (WPS 01-07), 23 p.; This study investigates the differences between intensive technology and low-tech firms located in Mexico, focusing on the Human Resources Management functions. 31 interviews and 50 answered questionnaires were used in this analysis. The results show that while Mexico is not yet a fully developed technological country. Indeed, technologically intensive firms are rare cases. Mexico is progressing rapidly towards a technologically developed country in...

  9. The TechSAT program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shachar, M.; Lapid, P.

    1992-12-01

    The TechSAT project is described which is intended to establish a wide academic infrastructure for the development of new space technologies. A TechSAT satellite will be used for educational purposes by the academic staff and students as well as by radio amateurs. Tech SAT is a microsatellite weighing 50 kg with 45x45x45 cm dimensions. It is based on a Nadir pointing 3D stabilized platform with body mounted solar panels. The TechSAT hardware includes an autonomous attitude control system, a power supply system, and an onboard computer. Command control and telemetry systems will be based on the amateur radio communications payload.

  10. Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: High-tech Industry Growth in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Rachel

    This dissertation is an analysis of the ways in which Chinese central government science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies are shaping the country's development trajectory in the 21st century. The study investigates the relationship between STI policy and development in China in order to understand whether the two are in congruence as the Country continues the rapid growth trajectory it has experienced over recent years. This work uses nanotechnology as a case study to analyze whether efforts by the Chinese central government have been successful in elevating the research and development output of the emerging economy. 72 semi-structured interviews were conducted in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the United States and additional data was collected and analyzed in order to understand the impact of state-led nanotechnology policy. China (among other emerging economies) is convinced that it must strengthen its capabilities across the entire value chain rather than focusing on its manufacturing sector alone. The country's overarching goal is to become an "innovation-oriented" society by the year 2020. The importance placed on innovation in China's approach to growth and development---as compared with the strategy of the U.S. through its National Nanotechnology Initiative is of central concern to this study. In China, as in the U.S., nanotechnology is being funded largely through government sources, with much of the funding being directed toward basic research despite the fact that both countries have placed significant hope on the commercialization potential of the emerging technology area. This project examines the role played by government policies in fostering advances in nanotechnology from multiple locations along the nanotechnology value chain in looking at the promises and pitfalls of state-led economic development.

  11. A Support System for Instructional Technology in Higher Education: The Housecalls Program of Virginia Tech's College of Human Resources and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, John K.; Danielson, Jared A.

    1999-01-01

    Describes "housecalls," a program at Virginia Tech that provides personal technical assistance to faculty, and shows how the program promotes innovation in instructional technology within a hierarchy of faculty technical and instructional support needs. Addresses innovation theory and demonstrates the presence of eight conditions that facilitate…

  12. Planning a Successful Tech Show

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikirk, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Tech shows are a great way to introduce prospective students, parents, and local business and industry to a technology and engineering or career and technical education program. In addition to showcasing instructional programs, a tech show allows students to demonstrate their professionalism and skills, practice public presentations, and interact…

  13. High-tech entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernasconi, Michel; Harris, Simon; Mønsted, Mette

    ; entrepreneurial finance; marketing technological innovations; and high-tech incubation management. Including case studies to give practical insights into genuine business examples, this comprehensive book has a distinctly 'real-world' focus throughout.Edited by a multi-national team, this comprehensive book......High-tech businesses form a crucial part of entrepreneurial activity - in some ways representing very typical examples of entrepreneurship, yet in some ways representing quite different challenges. The uncertainty in innovation and advanced technology makes it difficult to use conventional economic...... planning models, and also means that the management skills used in this area must be more responsive to issues of risk, uncertainty and evaluation than in conventional business opportunities. Whilst entrepreneurial courses do reflect the importance of high-tech businesses, they often lack the resources...

  14. Tech-Savvy Science Education? Understanding Teacher Pedagogical Practices for Integrating Technology in K-12 Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hechter, Richard; Vermette, Laurie Anne

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the technology integration practices of Manitoban K-12 inservice science educators based on the Technological, Pedagogical, and Content knowledge (TPACK) framework. Science teachers (n = 433) completed a 10-item online survey regarding pedagogical beliefs about technology integration, types of technology used, and how often…

  15. Tech-Savvy Science Education? Understanding Teacher Pedagogical Practices for Integrating Technology in K-12 Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hechter, Richard; Vermette, Laurie Anne

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the technology integration practices of Manitoban K-12 inservice science educators based on the Technological, Pedagogical, and Content knowledge (TPACK) framework. Science teachers (n = 433) completed a 10-item online survey regarding pedagogical beliefs about technology integration, types of technology used, and how often…

  16. Two Different Maintenance Strategies in the Hospital Environment: Preventive Maintenance for Older Technology Devices and Predictive Maintenance for Newer High-Tech Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Mana Sezdi

    2016-01-01

    A maintenance program generated through the consideration of characteristics and failures of medical equipment is an important component of technology management. However, older technology devices and newer high-tech devices cannot be efficiently managed using the same strategies because of their different characteristics. This study aimed to generate a maintenance program comprising two different strategies to increase the efficiency of device management: preventive maintenance for older tec...

  17. Tech Gets Physical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravage, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    As colleges push for increased efficiencies, facilities departments nationwide are turning more and more to high-tech approaches. Nowhere has this trend been more visible than in the realm of energy consumption, where managers hope to extract significant cost savings. Technology is helping facilities managers achieve significant efficiencies,…

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT - PHOTOACOUSTIC SPECTROPHOTOMATER INNOVA AIR TECH INSTRUMENTS MODEL 1312 MULTI-GAS MONITOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Through the Environmental Technology Verification Program, is working to accelerate the acceptance and use of innovative technologies that improve the way the United States manages its environmental problems. This report documents demons...

  19. Modifying the Sleep Treatment Education Program for Students to include technology use (STEPS-TECH): Intervention effects on objective and subjective sleep outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Larissa K; Cucalon, Maria S

    2017-02-03

    University students often have sleep issues that arise from poor sleep hygiene practices and technology use patterns. Yet, technology-related behaviors are often neglected in sleep hygiene education. This study examined whether the Sleep Treatment Education Program for Students-modified to include information regarding managing technology use (STEPS-TECH)-helps improve both subjective and objective sleep outcomes among university students. Results of an experimental study among 78 university students showed improvements in objective indicators of sleep quantity (total sleep time) and sleep quality (less awakenings) during the subsequent week for students in the STEPS-TECH intervention group compared to a control group. Exploratory analyses indicated that effects were driven by improvements in weekend days immediately following the intervention. There were also no intervention effects on subjective sleep quality or quantity outcomes. In terms of self-reported behavioral responses to educational content in the intervention, there were no group differences in sleep hygiene practices or technology use before bedtime. However, the intervention group reported less technology use during sleep periods than the control group. These preliminary findings suggest that STEPS-TECH may be a useful educational tool to help improve objective sleep and reduce technology use during sleep periods among university students. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Technology in Today's Classroom: Are You a Tech-Savvy Teacher?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Stephanie Diamond

    2011-01-01

    Technology has changed the way the world functions on a day-to-day basis, but what about education? Education has been directly affected by the increase of technology in the United States. This change has not been well accepted by some members of the educational community, thus leaving the realm of education behind in the technology era. This…

  1. Technology in Today's Classroom: Are You a Tech-Savvy Teacher?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Stephanie Diamond

    2011-01-01

    Technology has changed the way the world functions on a day-to-day basis, but what about education? Education has been directly affected by the increase of technology in the United States. This change has not been well accepted by some members of the educational community, thus leaving the realm of education behind in the technology era. This…

  2. Technology Leadership Is Just Good Leadership: Dispositions of Tech Savvy Superintendents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Sauers, Nick

    2015-01-01

    This study describes core dispositions of school district superintendents who have been identified as technology savvy leaders by a prominent educational technology newspaper. The superintendents in this study described how they accomplished their technology initiatives and offered suggestions for other superintendents who aspire to be more…

  3. "Tech-Savviness" Meets Multiliteracies: Exploring Adolescent Girls' Technology-Mediated Literacy Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler-Olcott, Kelly; Mahar, Donna

    2003-01-01

    Explores early adolescent girls' use of digital technologies in their literacy practices. Highlights the technology-mediated literacy practices of two seventh-grade girls. Discusses two major themes which emerged from data analysis: the centrality of multimedia popular culture texts in the girls' technology-mediated designing; and the importance…

  4. Technology Leadership Is Just Good Leadership: Dispositions of Tech Savvy Superintendents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott; Sauers, Nick

    2015-01-01

    This study describes core dispositions of school district superintendents who have been identified as technology savvy leaders by a prominent educational technology newspaper. The superintendents in this study described how they accomplished their technology initiatives and offered suggestions for other superintendents who aspire to be more…

  5. Iowa High School High Tech: Promoting Careers in Technology for Students with Disabilities. Final Report and Implementation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuillen, Terry; Nietupski, John; Berg, Deana Duncan; Daugherty, Vicki; Bildstein, Stephanie

    This final report and implementation manual describes the activities and outcomes of Iowa's High School High Tech (HSHT) program, a joint effort of Grant Wood Area Education Agency and Goodwill Industries of Southeast Iowa to inspire students with disabilities to pursue high tech careers. The program provides opportunities for students to learn…

  6. TechEdSat Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The overall goal of the Technical Education Satellite (TechEdSat) is to employ a small spacecraft to evaluate, demonstrate, and validate two new technologies for...

  7. Nalco Fuel Tech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michalak, S.

    1995-12-31

    The Nalco Fuel Tech with its seat at Naperville (near Chicago), Illinois, is an engineering company working in the field of technology and equipment for environmental protection. A major portion of NALCO products constitute chemical materials and additives used in environmental protection technologies (waste-water treatment plants, water treatment, fuel modifiers, etc.). Basing in part on the experience, laboratories and RD potential of the mother company, the Nalco Fuel Tech Company developed and implemented in the power industry a series of technologies aimed at the reduction of environment-polluting products of fuel combustion. The engineering solution of Nalco Fuel Tech belong to a new generation of environmental protection techniques developed in the USA. They consist in actions focused on the sources of pollutants, i.e., in upgrading the combustion chambers of power engineering plants, e.g., boilers or communal and/or industrial waste combustion units. The Nalco Fuel Tech development and research group cooperates with leading US investigation and research institutes.

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan, Key Tech Center Advanced Communications Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    information society . Today, information telecommunication systems are being networked through interconnections, and it is expected that such systems will play a leading role in the future flow of advanced information. Therefore in order to predict future technological developments, it is necessary to elucidate the themes of the development of communication technologies related both to network construction and administration, and to analyze user needs sufficiently. From this perspective, the Key Technology Center initiated its ’Research in Advanced Communications

  9. 12th Annual Science and Engineering Technology Conference/DoD TECH Exposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    SPAWAR CDR Will Hesse , USN (Ret) Scott Health & Safety Dr. Ed Hibsman SPAWAR Mr. Larry Hill CAS, Inc. Mrs. Cheryl Holbrook U.S. Army Space and Missile... Herman Rediess Science & Technology Directorate, DHS CAPT Brett Reissener, USN (Ret) Concurrent Technologies Corporation Ms. Denise Rhea-McKenzie Mission

  10. High tech cheating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Mary G

    2006-12-01

    The use of technology has enhanced the convenience, flexibility, and efficiency of both preparatory and continuing education. Unfortunately, academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, has shown a positive correlation with the increased use of technology in education. A review of the literature related to unintended outcomes of the use of technology in nursing education and continuing education was conducted to determine the ethical implications for the nursing profession. Although nursing research dealing with academic and professional misconduct is sparse, evidence suggests that academic dishonesty is a predictor of workplace dishonesty. Given this correlation between unethical classroom behavior and unethical clinical behavior, efforts to staunch academic dishonesty may help allay professional misconduct. A combination of high tech and low tech methods may be used to minimize unethical behaviors among students and practicing professional nurses in order to maintain the integrity of the profession.

  11. PREFACE: 2nd Russia-Japan-USA Symposium on the Fundamental and Applied Problems of Terahertz Devices and Technologies (RJUS TeraTech - 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karasik, Valeriy; Ryzhii, Viktor; Yurchenko, Stanislav

    2014-03-01

    The 2nd Russia-Japan-USA Symposium 'The Fundamental & Applied Problems of Terahertz Devices & Technologies' (RJUS TeraTech - 2013) Bauman Moscow State Technical University Moscow, Russia, 3-6 June, 2013 The 2nd Russia-Japan-USA Symposium 'The Fundamental & Applied Problems of Terahertz Devices & Technologies' (RJUS TeraTech - 2013) was held in Bauman Moscow State Technical University on 3-6 June 2013 and was devoted to modern problems of terahertz optical technologies. RJUS TeraTech 2013 was organized by Bauman Moscow State Technical University in cooperation with Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan) and University of Buffalo (The State University of New York, USA). The Symposium was supported by Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Moscow, Russia) and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant number 13-08-06100-g). RJUS TeraTech - 2013 became a foundation for sharing and discussing modern and promising achievements in fundamental and applied problems of terahertz optical technologies, devices based on grapheme and grapheme strictures, condensed matter of different nature. Among participants of RJUS TeraTech - 2013, there were more than 100 researchers and students from different countries. This volume contains proceedings of the 2nd Russia-Japan-USA Symposium 'The Fundamental & Applied Problems of Terahertz Devices & Technologies'. Valeriy Karasik, Viktor Ryzhii and Stanislav Yurchenko Bauman Moscow State Technical University Symposium chair Anatoliy A Aleksandrov, Rector of BMSTU Symposium co-chair Valeriy E Karasik, Head of the Research and Educational Center 'PHOTONICS AND INFRARED TECHNOLOGY' (Russia) Invited Speakers Taiichi Otsuji, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan Akira Satou, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan Michael Shur, Electrical, Computer and System Engineering and Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, NY, USA Natasha

  12. Analysis: high-tech diabetes technology and the myth of clinical "plug and play".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinzimer, Stuart A

    2010-11-01

    In this issue of Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, Davey and coauthors present encouraging data that even short-term use of a real-time continuous glucose monitor can lead to marked reduction in hypoglycemia exposure. In this analysis, two particular issues will be discussed: the distinction between short- and long-term experiences with sensors and the use of standardized diabetes treatment algorithms for use with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices. An understanding of both of these aspects of CGM devices is necessary for placing clinical diabetes technology products into the context of how they will be used in "real life."

  13. "Tech"nically Speaking: Social Technology Cyberbullying among Middle and High School Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Nicole L.

    2012-01-01

    Being a teenager is not easy, but most of us live through it. Cyberbullying suicide victims will not have this luxury. Advancements in and access to social technologies (social networking sites, instant messaging systems, cell phone texting) are rewriting interaction patterns as they provide a majority of our nation's students with 24-hour-a-day,…

  14. Rapid Technology Assessment Framework for Land Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Economy, Environment, Politics SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats TRL Technology Readiness Level US United States WHO World Health...structures, processes • Contract management Capability Life -Cycle Management (in support of force modernisation and preparedness...commonly based on projections of the global meta-trends across the physical, social and technological environments. Such discussions are numerous

  15. Infusing Technology into Customer Relationships: Balancing High-Tech and High-Touch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomann, Harald; Kolbe, Lutz; Brenner, Walter

    In today's business environment, self-service is becoming increasingly important. In order to promote their self-service activities, banks have created online-only products and airlines offer exclusive discounts for passengers booking online. Self-service technologies' practical applications demonstrate this approach's potential. For example, Amtrak introduced an IVR (Interactive Voice Response) system, allowing cost savings of 13m; likewise Royal Mail installed an IVR system leading to a reduction of its customer service costs by 25% (Economist 2004).

  16. Monoclonal antibody technologies and rapid detection assays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novel methodologies and screening strategies will be outlined on the use of hybridoma technology for the selection of antigen specific monoclonal antibodies. The development of immunoassays used for diagnostic detection of prions and bacterial toxins will be discussed and examples provided demonstr...

  17. #Nomoretextbooks? The impact of rapid communications technologies on medical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farooq, Ameer; White, Jonathan

    2014-08-01

    This paper was selected as the 2013 student essay winner by the Canadian Undergraduate Surgical Education Committee. The essay was in response to the question "How does rapid communications technology affect learning?"

  18. A Study of the Influence of Learning Organization on Organizational Creativity and Organizational Communication in High Tech Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Qingying

    2017-01-01

    The value of a high-tech industry no longer lies in the number of plants, equipment, and products but the intellectual property, customer confidence, capability of collaborating with business partners, telecommunication infrastructure, and the creativity potential and skills of its employees. This study is motivated by investigating the way of…

  19. The High-Tech Industry and Its Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, James; Belovics, Robert

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide counselors, academic advisers, and career coaches with a basic understanding of the current state of the high-technology (high-tech) industry in the United States and the people who work in it. A profile of a high-tech worker is presented, several high-tech career developments are described, and selected…

  20. Promoting Rapid Learning in the Histology Laboratory by Integrating Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Vonnie

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the results of incorporating technology in the histology laboratory by using high-resolution video-imaging equipment (VIE). The study sought to determine if (1) the VIE would allow students to more easily and rapidly find histological structures over more conventional methods, and (2) if they could find the structures with the…

  1. Promoting Rapid Learning in the Histology Laboratory by Integrating Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Vonnie

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the results of incorporating technology in the histology laboratory by using high-resolution video-imaging equipment (VIE). The study sought to determine if (1) the VIE would allow students to more easily and rapidly find histological structures over more conventional methods, and (2) if they could find the structures with the…

  2. 向中国高技术产业的投资快速增长%China's investment in high-tech industry grows rapidly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    According to the latest statistics released by the National Bureau of Statistics, China's investment in fixed assets of high-tech industries- such as the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, air and space vehicles, electronics and telecom equipment, computer and office equipment, medical equipment, and instrument and meters expanded in 2002 at a faster pace with more funds raised independently.

  3. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  4. 科技型中小企业技术创新的关键驱动因素研究--基于京津4家企业的一项探索性分析%The Key Driving Factors of Tech SME Technology Innovation:An Exploratory Analysis Based on 4 Tech SMEs in Beijing and Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟进; 宋正刚

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of attentions to technological innovation about tech SME are paid by scholars and entrepreneurs. Through depth interviews and with multiple case study method, this paper selected technologi-cal innovation-driven of four tech SME as cases, discussing driven factor for tech SME technological innovation. The result showed that the key driving factors for tech SME include: entrepreneurship, research and develop abili-ty, market demand and competition, government policy and law. Based on the above findings, this paper construct-ed the key factor model of tech SME, and pointed out the theoretical contribution and further research direction.%科技型中小企业技术创新问题日益受到理论界和实践界的高度关注。通过深度访谈,运用多案例研究方法,选取4家科技型中小企业技术创新驱动的案例,对驱动科技型中小企业技术创新的因素进行研究。结果表明,企业家精神、研发能力、市场需求与竞争、政府政策与法规是科技型中小企业技术创新的4个关键驱动因素。在此基础上,构建了科技型中小企业技术创新驱动因素模型,并指出了理论贡献和进一步研究方向。

  5. Classroom Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Instructor, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This article features the latest classroom technologies namely the FLY Pentop, WriteToLearn, and a new iris scan identification system. The FLY Pentop is a computerized pen from Leapster that "magically" understands what kids write and draw on special FLY paper. WriteToLearn is an automatic grading software from Pearson Knowledge Technologies and…

  6. Clinical utility of RapidArcTM radiotherapy technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Infusino E

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Erminia Infusino Department of Radiotherapy, Campus Bio-Medico University Hospital, Rome, Italy Abstract: RapidArcTM is a radiation technique that delivers highly conformal dose distributions through the complete rotation (360° and speed variation of the linear accelerator gantry. This technique, called volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT, compared with conventional radiotherapy techniques, can achieve high-target volume coverage and sparing damage to normal tissues. RapidArc delivers precise dose distribution and conformity similar to or greater than intensity-modulated radiation therapy in a short time, generally a few minutes, to which image-guided radiation therapy is added. RapidArc has become a currently used technology in many centers, which use RapidArc technology to treat a large number of patients. Large and small hospitals use it to treat the most challenging cases, but more and more frequently for the most common cancers. The clinical use of RapidArc and VMAT technology is constantly growing. At present, a limited number of clinical data are published, mostly concerning planning and feasibility studies. Clinical outcome data are increasing for a few tumor sites, even if only a little. The purpose of this work is to discuss the current status of VMAT techniques in clinical use through a review of the published data of planning systems and clinical outcomes in several tumor sites. The study consisted of a systematic review based on analysis of manuscripts retrieved from the PubMed, BioMed Central, and Scopus databases by searching for the keywords "RapidArc", "Volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy", and "Intensity-modulated radiotherapy". Keywords: IMRT, VMAT, SBRT, SRS, treatment planning software 

  7. Rapid prototyping technology and its application in bone tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Bo; Zhou, Sheng-Yuan; Chen, Xiong-Sheng

    Bone defects arising from a variety of reasons cannot be treated effectively without bone tissue reconstruction. Autografts and allografts have been used in clinical application for some time, but they have disadvantages. With the inherent drawback in the precision and reproducibility of conventional scaffold fabrication techniques, the results of bone surgery may not be ideal. This is despite the introduction of bone tissue engineering which provides a powerful approach for bone repair. Rapid prototyping technologies have emerged as an alternative and have been widely used in bone tissue engineering, enhancing bone tissue regeneration in terms of mechanical strength, pore geometry, and bioactive factors, and overcoming some of the disadvantages of conventional technologies. This review focuses on the basic principles and characteristics of various fabrication technologies, such as stereolithography, selective laser sintering, and fused deposition modeling, and reviews the application of rapid prototyping techniques to scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. In the near future, the use of scaffolds for bone tissue engineering prepared by rapid prototyping technology might be an effective therapeutic strategy for bone defects.

  8. The 11th High-Tech Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The 11th China Beijing International High-Tech Expo,themed as "high-tech Olympics and high-tech innovation",was rounded off successfully on the afternoon of May 25.The Expo,held as planned in such a special period of post-quake relief work,has shown us the power of technology and scientific spirit.It has not only given all the Chinese people the spiritual support and hope for the future but also opened a window for the international community to know more about the Beijing Oympic Games and the development of science and technology in China.

  9. Tech transfer outreach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebetrau, S. (ed.)

    1992-01-01

    This document provides an informal summary of the conference workshop sessions. Tech Transfer Outreach '' was originally designed as an opportunity for national laboratory communications and technology transfer staff to become better acquainted and to discuss matters of mutual interest. When DOE field office personnel asked if they could attend, and then when one of our keynote speakers became a participant in the discussions, the actual event grew in importance. The conference participants--the laboratories and DOE representatives from across the nation--worked to brainstorm ideas. Their objective: identify ways to cooperate for effective (and cost-effective) technology transfer outreach. Thus, this proceedings is truly a product of ten national laboratories and DOE, working together. It candidly presents the discussion of issues and the ideas generated by each working group. The issues and recommendations are a consensus of their views.

  10. P & T Committee response to evolving technologies: preparing for the launch of high-tech, high-cost products. Roundtable discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, J L; Wordell, C J; Nash, D; Johnson, N E; Gottlieb, J E

    1992-04-01

    P & T Committees are entering an exciting era in which the introduction of biotechnology-derived pharmaceuticals is providing life-saving opportunities for conditions for which there was little or no hope for a cure. The P & T Committee at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital has anticipated the challenge that these novel therapeutics present, and has already positioned itself for the pending approval of the first therapeutic human monoclonal antibody. Nebacumab (HA-1A, formerly known as Centoxin; by Centocor) will be used for the treatment of gram-negative sepsis. Although this antiendotoxin has a good side effect profile, its use also carries a high price tag. This will raise several difficult ethical issues once the product is introduced. In this exclusive Hospital Formulary roundtable, members of Thomas Jefferson's P & T Committee and Technology Assessment Subcommittee provide their insights for responsibly managing a high-tech, high-cost product such as nebacumab.

  11. Recruitment of Minority Adolescents and Young Adults into Randomised Clinical Trials: Testing the Design of the Technology Enhanced Community Health Nursing (TECH-N) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, Maria; Chung, Shang-en; Gaydos, Charlotte; Frick, Kevin D.; Anders, Jennifer; Huettner, Steven; Rothman, Richard; Butz, Arlene

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) disproportionately affects adolescent and young adult (AYA) women and can negatively influence reproductive health trajectories. Few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have focused on strategies to improve outpatient adherence or to reduce reproductive morbidity in this population. This paper describes the research methods and preliminary effectiveness of recruitment, retention, and intervention strategies employed in a novel RCT designed to test a technology-enhanced community-health nursing (TECH-N) intervention among urban AYA with PID. Methods AYA women aged 13–25 years were recruited during acute PID visits in outpatient clinics and emergency departments (ED) to participate in this IRB-approved trial. Participants completed an audio-computerized self-interview (ACASI), provided vaginal specimens, and were randomized to standard treatment or the intervention. Intervention participants received text-messaging support for 30 days and a community health nurse (CHN) interventionist performed a home visit with clinical assessment within 5 days after enrollment. All patients received a full course of medications and completed research visits at 14-days (adherence), 30 days and 90 days with by an outreach worker. STI testing performed at the 30-and 90-day visits. Exploratory analyses using descriptive statistics were conducted to examine recruitment, retention, and follow-up data to test the overall design of the intervention. Results In the first 48 months, 64% of 463 patients were eligible for the study and 81.2% of 293 eligible patients were recruited for the study (63.3%); 238 (81.2%) of eligible patients were enrolled. Most participants were African American (95.6%) with a mean age of 18.6 (2.3). Ninety-four percent of individuals assigned to the TECH-N intervention completed the nursing visits. All completed visits have been within the 5-day window and over 90% of patients in both arms have been retained over the 3

  12. Hydrolysis technology for producing sugars from biomass as raw material for the chemical industry- SugarTech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kallioinen, A.; Hytoenen, E.; Haekkinen, M. (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)), email: anne.kallioinen@vtt.fi (and others)

    2011-11-15

    In the SugarTech project, spruce, forest residue, birch and sugar cane bagasse have been studied as raw materials for production of sugars to be processed further to ethanol or other chemicals. These raw materials, containing high proportion of carbohydrates have been analysed and pretreated for enzymatic hydrolysis by steam explosion and oxidative methods. The pretreated materials have been studied in respect to yield and enzymatic hydrolysability. Small carboxylic acids were an interesting side product from oxidation pretreatment. For feasibility study, 8 process cases have been selected and will be compared. Optimal enzyme mixtures have been determined for hydrolysis of pretreated materials. Results show that optimal enzyme composition depends clearly on the raw material and the pretreatment method. Pretreated raw materials were also hydrolysed efficiently in high dry matter conditions with commercial enzymes. Enzyme adsorption and desorption were studied with lignocellulosic substrates aiming at recycling of enzymes in the hydrolysis process. After enzymatic hydrolysis, a major part of the enzymes remained bound to substrate in spite of high degree of hydrolysis. Desorption of enzymes could only be detected with catalytically oxidised spruce. In addition, the induction of hydrolytic system of Trichoderma reesei, which is a widely used fungus for cellulase enzyme production, has been studied in the presence of different substrates. The substrate and the pretreatment method had clear effects on gene expression profile. (orig.)

  13. Hydrolysis technology for producing sugars from biomass as raw material for the chemical industry - SugarTech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kallioinen, A.; Haekkinen, M.; Pakula, T. (and others) (VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)), Email: anne.kallioinen@vtt.fi

    2010-10-15

    In SugarTech project, spruce, forest residue, birch and sugar cane bagasse have been studied as a raw material for production of sugars to be processed further to ethanol and other chemicals. These raw materials containing high proportion of carbohydrates have been analysed and pretreated for enzyme hydrolysis by steam explosion and oxidative methods. The pretreated materials have been studied in respect to yield and enzymatic hydrolysability. Birch and bagasse could easily be pretreated with steam explosion. Catalytic and alkaline oxidation treatment of spruce produced material with superior hydrolysability to steam exploded material. Enzyme adsorption and desorption were studied with lignocellulosic substrates aiming at recycling of enzymes in the hydrolysis process. After enzymatic hydrolysis, a major part of the enzymes remained bound to substrate in spite of high degree of hydrolysis. Desorption of enzymes could be detected only with catalytically oxidised spruce. In addition, the hydrolytic system of Trichoderma reesei, which is a widely used fungus for cellulase enzyme production, has been studied in the presence of different substrates. The substrate and the pretreatment method had clear effects on gene expression profile. (orig.)

  14. 高速PCR技术%Rapid PCR Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓光; 薛燕

    2011-01-01

    PCR technology has been one of the basic and key technologies of Modern Molecular Biology.How to shorten PCR time is a question badly needed to be solved on the premise of PCR amplification effect.In the paper we describe the concept,principle,advantage and application of rapidPCR technology which can highly increase the PCR speed.As addressed in the paper,the Key of rapid PCR is not only to increase the heating and cooling rate of PCR machine,more important,it relays on reducing the temperature difference between the PCR module and sample solution,so that the holding time of denaturation,annealing,elongation could be shorten,and the whole PCR time could be shorten dramatically.While,rapid PCR could also lead to another benefit to improving the specificity of PCR%PCR技术是现代分子生物学最基础的技术之一,在实现扩增效果的同时如何缩短PCR的实验时间成为实验工作者亟待解决的问题。本文从高速PCR的概念入手,阐述了实现高速PCR仪器技术的原理、优势,及可能的应用。指出了高速PCR技术的核心在于,不仅要提高PCR仪器的升降温速率,更重要的是提高PCR样品温度与金属样品槽的一致性,从而达到缩短变性,退火,延伸等停留时间的目的,进而大大的缩短PCR时间。同时也指出,高速PCR对提高反应特异性带来的好处等

  15. Agricultural Technology--A Real Industry-Education Partnership [and] John Deere Ag Tech in New York.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamford, Paul J.; Ginsburg, Alan

    1995-01-01

    Bamford describes the partnership between John Deere and colleges in the United States and Canada to train technicians in the latest agricultural technology. Ginsburg discusses the John Deere Agricultural Technology program at State University of New York-Cobleskill. (JOW)

  16. Evidence-based medicine in rapidly changing technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, Torben Veith

    2008-01-01

    Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is not a randomised controlled trial (RCT), but EBM seeks to apply evidence gained from scientific methods - which could be RCT - to daily medical practice. Any surgical treatment reflects a certain development technically as well as skills based. The procedure may....... Special considerations should be given in rapidly developing fields. If started too early the resulting comparison will likely turn out to be irrelevant because the new technology is not fully developed, not mastered or the device may have undergone major modifications rendering the results obsolete....... On the other hand, if started too late there is a chance that data may be lost because the technology has already been introduced into the daily clinics and physicians may be unwilling to recruit patients. Or the opposite, that the technique may have been rejected without a proper trial. In this situation...

  17. A Study on the Impact of Technology Innovation on High -tech Products Export of Shaanxi Province%技术创新对陕西省高新技术产品出口贸易的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛平智; 储有捷

    2014-01-01

    随着技术密集型产业逐步成为主导产业,高新技术产品在陕西省出口贸易中的地位不断上升。目前,技术创新已成为提升高新技术产业的核心竞争力的重要途径,而技术创新是一个投入产出过程,本文从投入和产出两个角度选取技术创新指标,通过偏最小二乘回归方法,研究技术创新投入和产出各个指标对陕西省高新技术产品出口的影响。%As the technology intensive industries gradually become the dominant industries ,the status of high-tech products in export trade of Shaanxi Province is also rising .Nowadays ,technology innovation has become an important way to enhance the core competitiveness of high -tech industries ,and technology innovation is a process of input and output ,This paper selects the technology innovation indicators from both technology innovation input and output by using the Partial Least Squares Regression method to study the impact of each technology innovation indicators on high -tech products export of Shaanxi Province .

  18. Basic Principle that should be followed for Innovative High-tech Products and Equipment Technology%创新型高科技产品及其制备应遵循的基本原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方震

    2012-01-01

    Starting from the basic principle that should be followed for innovative high-tech products and preparation technology,this paper narrates the manufacturing technology,preparation technology,market value and environmental influence;and discusses the importance of innovative high-tech products from eight aspects.%从创新型高科技产品及制备技术应遵循的基本原则讲起,阐述了制造工艺、制备技术、市场价值、环境影响等方面内容,从8个方面论证了创新型高科技产品的重要性。

  19. Modern information and telecommunication technologies in educational process as the element of ongoing personnel training for high-tech Russian industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matyatina, A. N.; Isaev, A. A.; Samovarschikov, Y. V.

    2017-01-01

    In the current work the issues of staffing high-tech sectors of Russian industry are considered in the context of global geopolitical instability, the comparative analysis of the age structure of domestic companies with the leading Western industrial organizations was conducted, "growth points" of human resources development were defined. For the purpose of informational and telecommunicational implementation in the educational process the analysis of normative-legal documents regulating the requirements to the electronic educational environment and distance learning technologies is presented. The basic models of distance learning technologies and remote resources as part of teaching materials are used. Taking into account the specifics and requirements of industrial enterprises a number of tools and methodology of e-learning based on the identified needs of the industrial sector were offered. The basis of the proposed model is built on one-parameter model through a three-tier learning: kindergarten - secondary - higher education (professional) where the lifecycle of parameter is a list of the industrial enterprises demands to the educational process.

  20. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE, IMPLEMENTATION OF CRM, AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN A HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.C. Chung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This paper studies the high-tech industry, probing the correlation between type of business strategy, use of information technology, type of organisational culture, implementation level of customer relationship management (CRM activities, and business performance. Results show that the better the implementation of CRM activities, the stronger and more positive is its influence on business performance. To enhance business performance, it is necessary to strengthen the differentiation strategy, the use of information technology, and the implementation of CRM activities; to integrate the characteristics of the four cultural types into the competing values framework; and to enhance the implementation under these four cultural types.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie artikel word die korrelasie tussen die tipe ondernemingstrategie, die gebruik van inligtingtegnologie, die tipe organisasiekultuur, die implementeringsvlak van kliëntverhoudingsbestuur (CRM en ondernemingsprestasie in hoë-tegnologie-ondernemings ondersoek. Die resultate toon dat beter kliëntverhoudingsbestuur ’n poisitiewe invloed het op ondernemingsprestasie. Om ondernemingsprestasie te verbeter, is dit nodig om die differensiasie strategie, die gebruik van inligtingstegnologie asook die implementering van CRM-aktiwiteite te versterk.

  1. Regional Technology Assets and Opportunities: The Geographic Clustering of High-Tech Industry, Science and Innovation in Appalachia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feser, Edward; Goldstein, Harvey; Renski, Henry; Renault, Catherine

    A study identified 100 sub-regional concentrations of technology-related employment, research and development, and applied innovation within and immediately adjacent to the 406-county service area of the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC). Among the findings are that Appalachia's technology sector is comparatively small but expanding, with most…

  2. Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030

    OpenAIRE

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.; Kostenko Dmytro M.

    2016-01-01

    The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012–2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least pre...

  3. Measuring Organizational Innovation and Technological Innovation Based on High-Tech Enterprises' Adaption Status%高技术企业组织创新与技术创新匹配状态的测度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李靖; 石春生; 刘微微

    2011-01-01

    创新是高技术企业生存发展的核心,组织创新与技术创新是高技术企业创新的重要组成部分,组织创新是技术创新的基础和支撑,技术创新是组织创新的动力和源泉.但在高技术企业中组织创新与技术创新往往不相适应、不相匹配的现象,阻碍企业创新效率和持续发展.本文以我国的高技术企业为研究对象,通过问卷调研,结合相关性权重法分别测度了组织创新状态与技术创新状态,基于效用理论构建了组织创新与技术创新匹配状态的测度模型,对匹配参数和最佳匹配状态进行了求解,并进行了案例分析.%Organizational innovation and technological innovation are core elements of survival and development for high-tech enterprises. Organizational innovation and technological innovation relies on each other because the former is the foundation of the latter, and the latter is the driving force of the former. High-tech manufacturing industry plays a pivotal role in the industrial innovation and economic growth in China. However, in most high-tech enterprises organizational and technological innovations are often not compatible with each other. Consequently, innovation efficiency and sustainable development are seriously hindered. This study recognizes the issue and tries to quantitatively measure the influence of organizational innovation and technological innovation on the improvement of resource utilization and core competitiveness for high-tech enterprises.The first part of this study summarizes literatures on organizational innovation and technological innovation adaptation. Our literature review suggests that organizational knowledge and organizational culture have important influence on organizational and technological innovations. The second part defines four measures of organizational innovation; organizational strategy innovation, organizational structure innovation, organizational processes innovation and organizational

  4. Evidence-based medicine in rapidly changing technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, T V

    2008-01-01

    Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is not a randomised controlled trial (RCT), but EBM seeks to apply evidence gained from scientific methods - which could be RCT - to daily medical practice. Any surgical treatment reflects a certain development technically as well as skills based. The procedure may...... be modified and refined and the device may be developed and inherent technical weaknesses may need to be corrected. Therefore the best time to conduct a trial may be discussed. The appropriate time to initiate a RCT is when all the participating surgeons or therapists have gone through their learning curve....... Special considerations should be given in rapidly developing fields. If started too early the resulting comparison will likely turn out to be irrelevant because the new technology is not fully developed, not mastered or the device may have undergone major modifications rendering the results obsolete...

  5. A Rapid Usability Evaluation (RUE) Method for Health Information Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russ, Alissa L; Baker, Darrell A; Fahner, W Jeffrey; Milligan, Bryce S; Cox, Leeann; Hagg, Heather K; Saleem, Jason J

    2010-11-13

    Usability testing can help generate design ideas to enhance the quality and safety of health information technology. Despite these potential benefits, few healthcare organizations conduct systematic usability testing prior to software implementation. We used a Rapid Usability Evaluation (RUE) method to apply usability testing to software development at a major VA Medical Center. We describe the development of the RUE method, provide two examples of how it was successfully applied, and discuss key insights gained from this work. Clinical informaticists with limited usability training were able to apply RUE to improve software evaluation and elected to continue to use this technique. RUE methods are relatively simple, do not require advanced training or usability software, and should be easy to adopt. Other healthcare organizations may be able to implement RUE to improve software effectiveness, efficiency, and safety.

  6. Rapid and Efficient Synthesis of Diaryl Carbazones using Microwave Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Lei; PAN Feng; WANG Yu-lu

    2004-01-01

    Diaryl carbazone is an important organic analytical reagent normally prepared by the oxidation of diaryl carbazine, but in literatures' methods, the yields were low and the procedures were trouble1,2. Recently, our laboratory reported some new methods for the preparation of diaryl carbazone from diaryl carbazine3,4. Generally, these methods have drawbacks such as tedious operation3, using large amounts of volatile and poisonous solvent which will pollute the environment inevitably3, long reaction time and complicated oxidation system4. In continuation of our studies on the synthesis of azo compounds, we decided to develop a new method to overcome the limitation.As we know, the application of microwave techniques for organic synthesis has attracted considerable interests in recent years5. Using microwave technology can enhance the selectivity and reactivity, increase the chemical yields and shorten the reaction time6. It has been widely used in a variety of organic reactions7,8. However, the synthesis of diaryl carbazones using microwave has not been reported so far.In this paper, a rapid and efficient synthesis of diaryl carbazones with NaBrO3/H2SO4 as oxidation system using microwave technology is reported for the first time. By this method, in short time (0.5 rmin), we have synthesized ten diaryl carbazones in good yields.In the oxidation study, we found that the acidic condition is necessary in these reactions.This method only needs cheap and easily available oxidants, simple instruments and easy work-up.In conclusion, It is a facile and rapid method for the preparation of diaryl carbazones from diaryl carbazines with NaBrO3/H2SO4.

  7. Market Channels of Technology Startups that Internationalize Rapidly from Inception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simar Yoos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The study of technology startups that internationalize rapidly from inception has increased in recent years. However, little is known about their channels to market. This article addresses a gap in the "born global" literature by examining the channels used by six startups that internationalized rapidly from inception as well as the programs they used to support their channel partners and customers. The six startups examined combined the use of the Internet with: i a relationship with a multi-national, ii distributors, iii re-sellers, or iv a direct sales force. They also delivered programs to support partners and customers that focused on communications, alliance and network development, education, marketing and promotion, and financial incentives. This article informs entrepreneurs who need to design go-to-market channels to exploit global opportunities about decisions made by other entrepreneurs who launched born-global companies. Normative rules and practitioner-oriented approaches are needed to help entrepreneurs explain and apply the results presented in this article.

  8. Patients' perspectives on high-tech home care: a qualitative inquiry into the user-friendliness of four technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lehoux Pascale

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The delivery of technology-enhanced home care is growing in most industrialized countries. The objective of our study was to document, from the patient's perspective, how the level of user-friendliness of medical technology influences its integration into the private and social lives of patients. Understanding what makes a technology user-friendly should help improve the design of home care services. Methods Four home care interventions that are frequently used and vary in their technical and clinical features were selected: Antibiotic intravenous therapy, parenteral nutrition, peritoneal dialysis and oxygen therapy. Our qualitative study relied on the triangulation of three sources of data: 1 interviews with patients (n = 16; 2 interviews with carers (n = 6; and 3 direct observation of nursing visits of a different set of patients (n = 16. Participants of varying socioeconomic status were recruited through primary care organizations and hospitals that deliver home care within 100 km of Montreal, the largest urban area in the province of Quebec, Canada. Results The four interventions have both a negative and positive effect on patients' lives. These technologies were rarely perceived as user-friendly, and user-acceptance was closely linked to user-competence. Compared with acute I.V. patients, who tended to be passive, chronic patients seemed keener to master technical aspects. While some of the technical and human barriers were managed well in the home setting, engaging in the social world was more problematic. Most patients found it difficult to maintain a regular job because of the high frequency of treatment, while some carers found their autonomy and social lives restricted. Patients also tended to withdraw from social activities because of social stigmatization and technical barriers. Conclusions While technology contributes to improving the patients' health, it also imposes significant constraints on their lives

  9. Design Tech High School: d.tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    A Bay Area charter high school, d.tech develops "innovation-ready" students by combining content knowledge with the design thinking process while fostering a sense of autonomy and purpose. The academic model is grounded in self-paced learning through a flex schedule, high standards, and design thinking through a four-year design…

  10. 快速成型技术在汽车制造中的应用%Application of Rapid Prototyping Technology in Automobile Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭红长

    2015-01-01

    With the development of science and technology,modern advanced science and technology is more and more used in automobile manufacturing.People have higher and higher requirements in the safety and comfortableness of the car, which has sped up the rapid development of the automobile manufacturing industry.The application of rapid prototyping tech-nology in automobile manufacturing can effectively shorten the manufacturing cycle,save manufacturing cost,improve the quality of the car.This paper briefly introduces the application of rapid prototyping technology in automotive manufacturing.%随着科技的发展,现代先进的科学技术被越来越多的应用于汽车制造中,人们对汽车在安全、舒适等方面的要求逐渐提高,这些都加快了汽车制造业的快速发展。将快速成型技术应用到汽车制造中,可以有效缩短制造周期、节约制造成本、提高汽车质量,文章简要介绍了快速成型技术在汽车制造中的应用。

  11. Rapid Application Development of a Self-Paced Pre-Service Teacher Technology Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohr, Linda; Javeri, Manisha; Mahoney, Chris; Strongin, Dawn; Gall, James

    With technology changing rapidly, instruction on its use must change rapidly as well. Instructional designers are thus increasingly dependent on the use of rapid application development (RAD) procedures for producing timely instruction related to technology use. In recent years, the use of self-paced instruction in the educational environment has…

  12. High-tech cargo : logistics technologies are evolving to help improve efficiencies in moving oil and gas equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stastny, P.

    2007-10-15

    Like electronic data interchange (EDI), radio frequency identification (RFID) is a logistics tool developed to aid companies in managing their assets efficiently. RFID is used by companies improve shipment tracking, as well as to improve supply chain efficiencies. The technology uses tiny devices called RFID tags or transponders encoded with specific data about shipments. The tag emits a signal that is read by remote control as it passes through a warehouse gate. While RFID is currently used for pallets, it is hoped that the technology will soon be used for individual objects. Web-based systems are now being used to directly trace and monitor shipments as well as to identify potential delays. Schenker International has recently introduced a transportation management system (TMS) for oil and gas clients. The system is a website that manages shipments from purchase order to site delivery, and functions as a forum for all parties to each shipment. It was concluded that use of the TMS allows oil and gas operators to improve planning efficiencies. 1 fig.

  13. HI-TECH OLYMPICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The only Chinese company in The Olympic Partner Program, Lenovo supplies hi-tech in return for worldwide rights to Olympic logos Nineteen eighty-four was a lucky year for China as the country resumed its seat on the

  14. Research on Risk Evaluation of Technology Innovation of High-tech Brand Ecosystem%高科技品牌生态系统的技术创新风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学理; 王兴元

    2011-01-01

    高科技品牌生态系统是以高科技品牌为龙头形成的一种特殊品牌生态系统.与一般的品牌生态系统相比,技术创新对高科技品牌生态系统的发展起着更大的作用.高科技创新的复杂性和系统成员目标的差异性,使得高科技品牌生态系统在技术创新过程中面临着巨大的风险,只有对其风险程度作出合理的评价,才能采取适当的措施来化解风险.在对高科技品牌生态系统技术创新风险因素进行分析的基础上,按照全面、简单、易操作原则,提炼出评价高科技品牌生态系统技术创新风险的指标,并根据模糊综合评价法可以较好处理模糊性因素的特点,建立了高科技品牌生态系统的技术创新风险评估模型,并结合实例进行了验证.%High-tech brand ecosystem is a special brand ecosystem whose leader is a high-tech brand enterprise, in which high technology takes great effect. As the difference of members' objectives and the complexity of technology innovation activities, technical innovation of high-tech brand ecosystem is facing a big risk. If we can make reasonable assessment on the degree of risks, we can think of corresponding measures to handle them. The paper analyzes the risk factors during the technology innovation in high-tech brand ecosystem systematically. Besides the paper concludes the risk index system through which we can evaluate the risk of technology innovation in high-tech brand ecosystem with the principle of comprehensive, simple, easy to implement. Then a risk quantitative evaluation model is constructed using the method of fuzzy evaluation which can better deal with fuzzy factors. Finally, this model is used to analyze an example.

  15. The Effects of High-tech Products Export to the Spatial Difference of Global Technology Innovation%高技术产品出口对全球技术创新空间差异的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢孝兵; 李子怡

    2016-01-01

    从经济发展水平角度,分别对全球技术创新和高技术产品出口的空间差异进行探讨,并利用2004-2013年全球52个国家的面板数据建立模型,实证分析高技术产品出口对全球创新能力的影响。研究表明,技术创新活动和高技术产品出口均主要集聚在高收入国家,高技术出口商品结构的升级对创新产出的提高有积极的影响,进一步促进技术创新向少数国家聚集。最后提出对未来技术创新的相关建议。%From the perspective of economic development level, this article respectively analyzes spatial differences of the global technology innovation and high-tech products export, and takes advantage of the data from 52 countries around the world in 2004-2013, constituting a panel data model to test the effects of the high-tech products export to the global innovation ability. Research has shown that both technology innovation activities and high-tech products export are mainly gathered in high-income countries. The upgrade of high technology export commodity structure has a positive effect on improving the innovation output and then promotes technology innovation to aggregate in a few countries. Finally, briefly summarize the full text, and put forward some relative suggestions to the future of technology innovation.

  16. Development of High-Tech Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theuerkauf, Walter E.

    High tech systems not only generate new structures in the production process, but also involve profound changes in job organization, which in turn imply that job qualifications must be modified. In view of the changes within engineering systems and the relevant technologies, it seems expedient to choose a curricular approach based on the concepts…

  17. Planning and Designing Today's Career Tech Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaman, James

    2010-01-01

    During the past 20 years, career and technical education (CTE) has gone through significant changes. CTE has evolved in response to the changes technology has had on the job market. Preparing students for high-tech, high-skill job opportunities is the new focus. The facilities that house these programs, however, have not kept pace with these…

  18. Studying the Technology of Creating Cortical Electrode Instruments using the Rapid Prototyping Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ablyaz T. R.

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the results of studying the technology of manufacturing cortical electrode-instruments (EI with the use of indirect methods of the Rapid Prototyping technology. Functional EI prototypes were made by layered synthesis of the photopolymer material with the use of the stereolithography technology (SLA - Stereo Lithography Apparatus. The article is focused on two methods of indirect EI manufacturing. One of the EI prototypes was used for making a molded wax model for hot investment casting, followed by applying copper coating. The second prototype was used for applying copper plating to a prepared current-conductive layer. As a result of EDMing a steel workpiece, both EIs reached the desired depth, which is 1 mm. The copper plating applied to the EI preserves its integrity. Through the use of the casting technology, there is a possibility to cut the economic costs by 35%. Using a prototype with preliminarily applied conductive coating makes it possible to make geometrically-complex EIs.

  19. Academic Librarians' Perceptions of Teamwork and Organizational Structure in a Time of Rapid Technological Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strecker, Beth L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of academic librarians on two topics: the delivery of services to students and faculty in a time of rapid technological changes and an organizational structure appropriate for delivering services to students in a time of rapid technological changes. Several researchers agree that to…

  20. Academic Librarians' Perceptions of Teamwork and Organizational Structure in a Time of Rapid Technological Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strecker, Beth L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of academic librarians on two topics: the delivery of services to students and faculty in a time of rapid technological changes and an organizational structure appropriate for delivering services to students in a time of rapid technological changes. Several researchers agree that to…

  1. Virginia Tech recognized for world-class food science program

    OpenAIRE

    Sutphin, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    The Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) has reaccredited the undergraduate curriculum of Virginia Tech's Department of Food Science and Technology, reaffirming the department's place as a leader in contributing to food quality, safety, marketability, and availability.

  2. Research on Input Intensity of Scientific and Technological Activities in Suzhou High-tech Enterprises%苏州高新技术企业科技活动投入强度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范小秋; 杨莹; 瞿肖怡

    2016-01-01

    企业是创新的主体,而高新技术企业是综合反映企业创新能力的重要载体,其持续稳定的科技活动投入是保障企业转型升级、赢得竞争优势的重要手段。文章通过利用苏州2014年度火炬统计年报数据,挖掘在各行业、各领域、各地区高新技术企业的科技活动开展状况,并运用定量分析研究政府扶持资金在推动企业创新中发挥的作用。%Enterprises are the body of innovation, especially for high-tech enterprises. Innovation of high-tech enterprises is a comprehensive reflection of enterprises innovation capabilities. Therefore, their steady investment in scientific and technological activities is an important means to gain competitive advantage and ensure business transforming and upgrading. By analyzing data gathered from 2014 Torch Annual Research, this article looks into scientific and technological activities taken by enterprises in various regions, industries and technological fields. Through quantitative analysis, the article points out what role government support founds is playing in boosting enterprise innovation.

  3. 我对科技进步和发展高科技产业的研究%My Study of Scientific and Technological Advancement and High-Tech Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周叔莲

    2012-01-01

    上世纪70年代后期笔者由研究工业化而开始学习和研究科学技术问题,此后坚持长期跟踪研究。这些研究包括:从研究科学技术是生产力到研究科学技术是第一生产力;论证引进先进技术的必要性和重要性;研究现有企业技术改造;研究新技术革命的社会经济影响;研究发展高新技术产业的战略问题;等等。对研究工作的这种总结梳理,虽然展示的是一个长期致力于我国科技进步和发展高科技产业研究学者的理论成果和探索历程,但也间接反映出我国科技进步和发展高科技产业的理论和实践发展进程。%In late 1970s, the author shifted his research from industrialization to science and technology issues and kept follow-up studies thereafter. These studies include but not limited to the following: from studying science and technology as a productive force to studying science and technology as the primary productive force; justifying the necessity and significance to import advanced technologies; studying technological transformation of existing firms; studying the social and economic impacts of the new technological revolution; studying the strategic issues of develo- ping high-tech industries. While this type of retrospect of previous studies demonstrates the theoretical achievements and explorational process of a scholar who has devoted long-term efforts on our country ' s scientific and technological advancement and high-tech industry development, it indirectly reflects the theoretical and practical course of devel opment in our country's scientific and technological advancement and hizh-tech industry rlevelanmont

  4. Forecasting Ecological Genomics: High-Tech Animal Instrumentation Meets High-Throughput Sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafer, Aaron B A; Northrup, Joseph M; Wikelski, Martin; Wittemyer, George; Wolf, Jochen B W

    2016-01-01

    Recent advancements in animal tracking technology and high-throughput sequencing are rapidly changing the questions and scope of research in the biological sciences. The integration of genomic data with high-tech animal instrumentation comes as a natural progression of traditional work in ecological genetics, and we provide a framework for linking the separate data streams from these technologies. Such a merger will elucidate the genetic basis of adaptive behaviors like migration and hibernation and advance our understanding of fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes such as pathogen transmission, population responses to environmental change, and communication in natural populations.

  5. Information Technology Research Services: Powerful Tools to Keep Up with a Rapidly Moving Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Marty firms offer Information Technology Research reports, analyst calls, conferences, seminars, tools, leadership development, etc. These entities include Gartner, Forrester Research, IDC, The Burton Group, Society for Information Management, 1nfoTech Research, The Corporate Executive Board, and so on. This talk will cover how a number of such services are being used at the Goddard Space Flight Center to improve our IT management practices, workforce skills, approach to innovation, and service delivery. These tools and services are used across the workforce, from the executive leadership to the IT worker. The presentation will cover the types of services each vendor provides and their primary engagement model. The use of these services at other NASA Centers and Headquarters will be included. In addition, I will explain how two of these services are available now to the entire NASA IT workforce through enterprise-wide subscriptions.

  6. Information Technology Research Services: Powerful Tools to Keep Up with a Rapidly Moving Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Marty firms offer Information Technology Research reports, analyst calls, conferences, seminars, tools, leadership development, etc. These entities include Gartner, Forrester Research, IDC, The Burton Group, Society for Information Management, 1nfoTech Research, The Corporate Executive Board, and so on. This talk will cover how a number of such services are being used at the Goddard Space Flight Center to improve our IT management practices, workforce skills, approach to innovation, and service delivery. These tools and services are used across the workforce, from the executive leadership to the IT worker. The presentation will cover the types of services each vendor provides and their primary engagement model. The use of these services at other NASA Centers and Headquarters will be included. In addition, I will explain how two of these services are available now to the entire NASA IT workforce through enterprise-wide subscriptions.

  7. The Export Competitiveness Analysis of High-tech Products in Zhejiang Province%高新技术产品出口竞争力分析:浙江案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞涔; 严焰

    2012-01-01

    High-tech industry of Zhejiang province is the one which has rapid development in recent years. This paper apply exports , export growth .international market share, revealed comparative advantage indices, trade competitiveness index which are judged the export competitiveness of high-tech products, most of the index show that the competitiveness of high-tech products is not strong. Therefore, the author puts some proposals forward to enhance export competitiveness of high-tech products, such as the government further consummates the high-tech industry development policy, increases investment in science and technology, trains talents of high-tech industry, develops high-tech campus and so on.%运用国际市场占有率、显示性比较优势指数、贸易竞争力指数等对浙江省高新技术产品出口竞争力进行评价,大多数指标显示浙江高新技术产品的竞争力不强.最后提出了提升浙江高新技术产品出口竞争力的若干建议,如政府进一步完善高新技术产业发展的政策,积极培养高新技术人才,加大科技投入力度,不断发展高新技术园区等.

  8. Research on Week Information Sources and Management in the Technological Innovation of Sci-tech SMEs%科技型中小企业技术创新中的弱信息来源与管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马建峰

    2014-01-01

    从企业自身角度出发,基于由信号向信息转变过程的分析,提出了影响科技型中小企业技术创新的弱信息相对存在的原因在于企业认知能力和认知范围的局限性。认为与技术创新相关的弱信息可分为原始性和忽略性弱信息两类。企业可采取弱关系网络、信息合流、试验与应用3种方法加强对弱信息的管理,并利用弱信息进行技术创新的机会、风险和路径预测,提高科技型中小企业技术创新的信息管理水平和竞争力。%From the point of view of the enterprise and based on the analysis of signal to information transformation process,it is proposed that the sources of weak information in the technological innovation of Sci-tech SMEs can be found in the limitations of cognitive abilities and cognitive scope of the enterprise.The weak information in technological innova-tion can be divided into "original" weak information and "ignored" weak information.Enterprise could adopt the method like weak ties network,information conflux,information test and application to strengthen the weak information manage-ment,and exploit the weak information to forecast technology innovation opportunities,technology innovation risks and technology path to improve the information management and competitiveness of Sci-tech SMEs technological innovation.

  9. Advanced powder metallurgy aluminum alloys via rapid solidification technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, R.

    1984-01-01

    Aluminum alloys containing 10 to 11.5 wt. pct. of iron and 1.5 to 3 wt. pct. of chromium using the technique of rapid solidification powder metallurgy were studied. Alloys were prepared as thin ribbons (.002 inch thick) rapidly solidified at uniform rate of 10(6) C/second by the melt spinning process. The melt spun ribbons were pulverized into powders (-60 to 400 mesh) by a rotating hammer mill. The powders were consolidated by hot extrusion at a high reduction ratio of 50:1. The powder extrusion temperature was varied to determine the range of desirable processing conditions necessary to yield useful properties. Powders and consolidated alloys were characterized by SEM and optical metallography. The consolidated alloys were evaluated for (1) thermal stability, (2) tensile properties in the range, room temperature to 450 F, and (3) notch toughness in the range, room temperature to 450 F.

  10. The Technology Talents' Responsible Innovation and the Scientific Development of High-tech Companies%科技人才负责任创新与高新企业科学发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房宏君

    2015-01-01

    Responsible innovation(RI) is an important frontier and key focus of the research on innovations in the field of domestic and foreign current. To explore the practical path of the technological innovation's driving growth strategy effectively, this paper puts forward the important concept of science and technology talents' responsible innovation and takes scientific exploration of its meaning, nature and characteristics based on the foreign frontier theory research and practice results on responsible innovation in recent years. This paper builds a theoretical model of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation based on the scientific definition of the relevant variables dimensions, and find the internal mechanism and intermediary path of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation deeply. The paper enriches the theoretical system of the technological innovation's driving growth strategy and provides an important reference for the practice of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation.%负责任创新(RI)是当前国内外创新领域研究的重要前沿和关键热点。为了有效探索科技创新驱动发展战略的实践路径,文章基于近几年国外较为前沿的负责任创新理论研究与实践成果,提出了科技人才负责任创新这一重要概念,科学探析其内涵、本质与特征并在科学界定相关变量维度基础上,构建了科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的理论模型,深入挖掘科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的内在机理和中介路径,丰富了科技创新驱动发展的理论体系,为科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的具体实践提供重要参考。

  11. FDI对我国高新技术产业技术溢出效应分析%The analysis of technology spillover effect of FDI on China's high-tech industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓钟; 何建莹

    2012-01-01

    With the C-D function, we empirically analyze the impact of FDI on China' s high-tech domestic enterprises' output, innovation capability and new product development. Studies have shown that foreign investment through competition effects, mobility effects, the demonstration effect and other related effects of domestic enterprises to promote the labor productivity of high-tech industry, and thereby contribute to improvement of domestic output of high-tech enterprises. But the too large technological gap between foreign and domestic enterprises and the much weaker ability to digesting and absorbing technology restrain FDI from promoting the capability of independent innovation in aerospace industry. The high foreign market concentration and market openness are not favorable for the new product market development of electronic and communications equipment manufacturing and computer and office equipment manufacturing. The paper thus explores the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions with a view to make better use of foreign investment in high-tech industry.%本文借助C-D函数,实证并分析了FDI对我国高新技术产业内资企业产出、自主创新能力、新产品开发的影响。研究表明,外资通过竞争效应、人员流动效应、示范效应以及产业关联效应等带动高新技术内资企业劳动生产率提高,从而促进内资高新技术企业产出总量增加;但较大的内外资企业的技术差距和较弱的技术消化吸收能力抑制了FDI对航空航天器制造业自主创新能力的提升;较高的外资企业市场集中度和市场开放度,不利于电子及通信设备制造业以及电子计算机及办公设备制造业新产品市场开发。文章据此探讨了相应的对策建议,以期为高新技术产业更好地利用外资提供有益的思路。

  12. Smartphone Technology and Apps: Rapidly Changing Health Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzke, Cynthia; Cox, Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    Despite the increased availability of smartphones and health applications (apps), little is known about smartphone technology and apps for implementation in health promotion practice. Smartphones are mobile devices with capabilities for e-mail, text messaging, video viewing, and wireless Internet access. It is essential for health promotion…

  13. Smartphone Technology and Apps: Rapidly Changing Health Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzke, Cynthia; Cox, Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    Despite the increased availability of smartphones and health applications (apps), little is known about smartphone technology and apps for implementation in health promotion practice. Smartphones are mobile devices with capabilities for e-mail, text messaging, video viewing, and wireless Internet access. It is essential for health promotion…

  14. Impact of gender and personality traits (BFI-10) on tech savviness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pavlicek, Antonin; Sudzina, Frantisek; Malinova, Ludmila

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays, it is necessary to use technology in various everyday activities. A certain level of what used to be called high-tech savviness is needed to access almost all modern services. The aim of this paper is to analyze if gender and personality traits (Big Five Inventory-10) influence self......-perceived tech savviness. A not so surprising finding is that gender influences self-perceived tech savviness, i.e. men consider themselves more tech savvy. Moreover, neuroticism has a negative and openness to experience has a positive impact on self-perceived tech savviness....

  15. Mechatronics education at Virginia Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bay, John S.; Saunders, William R.; Reinholtz, Charles F.; Pickett, Peter; Johnston, Lee

    1998-12-01

    The advent of more complex mechatronic systems in industry has introduced new opportunities for entry-level and practicing engineers. Today, a select group of engineers are reaching out to be more knowledgeable in a wide variety of technical areas, both mechanical and electrical. A new curriculum in mechatronics developed at Virginia Tech is starting to bring students from both the mechanical and electrical engineering departments together, providing them wit an integrated perspective on electromechanical technologies and design. The course is cross-listed and team-taught by faculty from both departments. Students from different majors are grouped together throughout the course, each group containing at least one mechanical and one electrical engineering student. This gives group members the ability to learn from one another while working on labs and projects.

  16. Impact of Multi Technological Spillover Channels on Innovation of High-tech Industry%多技术溢出渠道对我国高技术产业创新的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹亮

    2011-01-01

    This paper empirically studies the impacts of national and intemational technology spillover channels, like FDI, technology import, export and public,R&D, on innovation performance of Chinese high-tech industry. The results show firm's domestic R&D investment forms the base of its innovation; public R&D of Universities and Research Institute is the key factor; participating international competition through learn-by-export is must-go of upgrading innovative capabilities. However inward FDI and technology import didn' t bring innovative imitation or leak technology to high-tech industry%本文实证分析了包括FDI、进出口和公共R&D等国内外不同技术溢出渠道对中国高技术产业的专利创新和新产品创新绩效的影响,结果表明产业自身的研发投入是产业创新的基础;高校和科研院所的公共研发是影响我国高技术产业创新的关键因素;通过出口学习参与国际市场竞争是提升产业学习能力和创新能力的必经之路;FDI流入和技术引进没有给产业带来模仿创新和技术泄露。

  17. Additive manufacturing technologies 3D printing, rapid prototyping, and direct digital manufacturing

    CERN Document Server

    Gibson, Ian; Stucker, Brent

    2015-01-01

    This book covers in detail the various aspects of joining materials to form parts. A conceptual overview of rapid prototyping and layered manufacturing is given,  beginning with the fundamentals so that readers can get up to speed quickly. Unusual and emerging applications such as micro-scale manufacturing, medical applications, aerospace, and rapid manufacturing are also discussed. This book provides a comprehensive overview of rapid prototyping technologies as well as support technologies such as software systems, vacuum casting, investment casting, plating, infiltration and other systems. This book also: Reflects recent developments and trends and adheres to the ASTM, SI, and other standards Includes chapters on automotive technology, aerospace technology and low-cost AM technologies Provides a broad range of technical questions to ensure comprehensive understanding of the concepts covered  

  18. 信息技术发展与科技期刊创新方向%Development trend of information technology and innovative direction of sci-tech periodicals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冰; 游苏宁

    2011-01-01

    结合新一代信息技术的发展动向,分析并展望泛在及融合的网络环境下科技期刊的创新方向和发展路径。科技期刊应该借助信息技术的新发展,提升服务效率,加强信息安全管理;借助各类展示平台创新性的开展在线服务,多渠道提升期刊内容的显示度;通过开展电子商务,全面提升经营能力。%According to the current development of new generation information technology, this paper analyzes and prospects the innovative direction and development path of sci-tech periodicals. Sci-tech periodicals should improve service efficiency, strengthen information security management, provide creative on-line service and increase the presence of periodicals through various exhibition platforms, and enhance operation capacity by developing ecommerce.

  19. The RAST Server: Rapid Annotations using Subsystems Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Overbeek Ross A

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The number of prokaryotic genome sequences becoming available is growing steadily and is growing faster than our ability to accurately annotate them. Description We describe a fully automated service for annotating bacterial and archaeal genomes. The service identifies protein-encoding, rRNA and tRNA genes, assigns functions to the genes, predicts which subsystems are represented in the genome, uses this information to reconstruct the metabolic network and makes the output easily downloadable for the user. In addition, the annotated genome can be browsed in an environment that supports comparative analysis with the annotated genomes maintained in the SEED environment. The service normally makes the annotated genome available within 12–24 hours of submission, but ultimately the quality of such a service will be judged in terms of accuracy, consistency, and completeness of the produced annotations. We summarize our attempts to address these issues and discuss plans for incrementally enhancing the service. Conclusion By providing accurate, rapid annotation freely to the community we have created an important community resource. The service has now been utilized by over 120 external users annotating over 350 distinct genomes.

  20. Rapid Global Calibration Technology for Hybrid Visual Inspection System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Liu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Vision-based methods for product quality inspection are playing an increasingly important role in modern industries for their good performance and high efficiency. A hybrid visual inspection system, which consists of an industrial robot with a flexible sensor and several stationary sensors, has been widely applied in mass production, especially in automobile manufacturing. In this paper, a rapid global calibration method for the hybrid visual inspection system is proposed. Global calibration of a flexible sensor is performed first based on the robot kinematic. Then, with the aid of the calibrated flexible sensor, stationary sensors are calibrated globally one by one based on homography. Only a standard sphere and an auxiliary target with a 2D planar pattern are applied during the system global calibration, and the calibration process can be easily re-performed during the system’s periodical maintenance. An error compensation method is proposed for the hybrid inspection system, and the final accuracy of the hybrid system is evaluated with the deviation and correlation coefficient between the measured results of the hybrid system and Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM. An accuracy verification experiment shows that deviation of over 95% of featured points are less than ±0.3 mm, and the correlation coefficients of over 85% of points are larger than 0.7.

  1. Rapid Global Calibration Technology for Hybrid Visual Inspection System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Tao; Yin, Shibin; Guo, Yin; Zhu, Jigui

    2017-06-19

    Vision-based methods for product quality inspection are playing an increasingly important role in modern industries for their good performance and high efficiency. A hybrid visual inspection system, which consists of an industrial robot with a flexible sensor and several stationary sensors, has been widely applied in mass production, especially in automobile manufacturing. In this paper, a rapid global calibration method for the hybrid visual inspection system is proposed. Global calibration of a flexible sensor is performed first based on the robot kinematic. Then, with the aid of the calibrated flexible sensor, stationary sensors are calibrated globally one by one based on homography. Only a standard sphere and an auxiliary target with a 2D planar pattern are applied during the system global calibration, and the calibration process can be easily re-performed during the system's periodical maintenance. An error compensation method is proposed for the hybrid inspection system, and the final accuracy of the hybrid system is evaluated with the deviation and correlation coefficient between the measured results of the hybrid system and Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM). An accuracy verification experiment shows that deviation of over 95% of featured points are less than ±0.3 mm, and the correlation coefficients of over 85% of points are larger than 0.7.

  2. RETRACTED: Auricular prosthesis fabrication using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Mayank

    2016-06-01

    At the request of the editorMayank Shah 'Auricular prosthesis fabrication using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technologies' Prosthetics and Orthotics International, published online before print on October 8, 2013 as doi:10.1177/0309364613504779has been retracted. This is because it contains unattributed overlap withK. Subburaj, C. Nair, S. Rajesh, S. M. Meshram, B. Ravi 'Rapid development of auricular prosthesis using CAD and rapid prototyping technologies' International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 2007; 36: 938-943 doi:10.1016/j.ijom.2007.07.013. © The International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics 2014.

  3. Differentiating Criteria for High-Tech Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rostek Katarzyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing companies operating within the high-technology sector are of interest to science, industry and national authorities because of the special economic importance attached to them. However, in order to investigate the condition of those companies, support their growth and monitor the effects of the aid awarded to them, it is first necessary to properly identify the business entities belonging to that sector. To identify the entities belonging to the high-technology industry, it is necessary to perform a sequence of activities which form the procedural algorithm. Usefulness of the algorithm has been verified using the example of a group of Warsaw high-tech companies which were subject to investigation under the European project Warsaw Entrepreneurship Forum. The algorithm could be used as the basis for the implementation of an IT tool for the identification and description of high-tech businesses.

  4. Pricing Policy and Strategies for Consumer High-Tech Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dovleac, L.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the complex process of price setting for consumer high-tech products. These prices are highly influenced by some external factors from the economic and social environment. The main objective of this paper is to establish the most effective pricing policies and strategies used by high-tech companies of various sizes. Decisions about price fixing for consumer high-technology products are largely influenced by consumer behaviour, too.

  5. Overseas Tech Firms Ramp Up Hiring In Silicon Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Fpr years, U.S.high-tech executives have fretted about the loss of technology jobs to countries such as China and India.But there is a countervailing force: Foreign companies are leaning heavily on engineers they hire in Silicon Valley. Companies from Europe and Asia increasingly are using high-tech teams in the Bay Area to conduct long-range research and help design cutting-edge products for global markets.

  6. Slow Tech: The Bridge between Computer Ethics and Business Ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Patrignani, Norberto; Whitehouse, Diane

    2014-01-01

    Part 1: Society, Social Responsibility, Ethics and ICT; International audience; This paper addresses the difficult task of implementing the concept of Slow Tech, that is, information and communication technology (ICT) that is good, clean and fair, in a business environment. It investigates the democratic, environmental, and social challenges currently facing ICT vendors. More specifically, it examines the opportunities available for these companies to use Slow Tech as a bridging mechanism bet...

  7. Manufacturing Technology Support (MATES II) Task Order 0005: Manufacturing Integration and Technology Evaluation to Enable Technology Transition. Subtask Phase 0 Study Task: Manufacturing Technology (ManTech) and Systems Engineering For Quick Reaction Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    guidance on current MRL and MRA processes. In addition, Gene Wiggs of GE and Paul Hauwiller of General Dynamics Information Technology (GDIT...or Deployment) Team IPQA™ In-process quality assurance (trademark of Beyond Six Sigma) JDMTP Joint Defense Manufacturing Technology Panel KPC Key

  8. InterTech Technology Awards in 1st Decade of 21 Century%21世纪初叶印艺创新技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文骅

    2009-01-01

    @@ 全球印艺创新大奖(InterTech)由美国印刷协会于1978年创设,每年公布年度获奖名单,旨在表彰对印刷及相关行业的发展产生重大影响的创新技术,促使人们更加关注和理解这些先进的印艺新技术.全球印艺创新大奖是由美国印刷协会邀请业内知名人士,组成一个公正、独立的评选小组最终评选出来的;参评的新技术必须是最近研发,并已经在印刷行业实践使用,但尚未获得广泛应用.

  9. Application and Realization of Rapid Searching Technology in the RL & SM Universal Fixture System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qing-xia; YANG Jian-guo; LI Bei-zhi

    2002-01-01

    A searching- machining system of RL & SM (Rapid Location and State Memory) universal fixture is here introduced, and the concept of rapid searching technology and manufacturing information transformation is then described, with the appropriate control methods and key techniques for its realization being proposed and also practically realized. Theoretical analysis and experimental results show that the proposed idea and methods are feasible to serve as in the practical application of the RL & SM system.

  10. Asia's New High-Tech Competitors: An SRS Special Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausch, Lawrence M.

    This report profiles nine economies linked by Asian identity, yet marked by great economic and technological disparity, in order to project which economies will be full-fledged participants and competitors in tomorrow's high-tech product markets. Based on the various indicators of technological activity and competitiveness presented in this…

  11. Practice and Exploration of Rural Sci-tech Service Supermarket:A Case Study of Jurong Economic Forest and Fruit Industrial Branch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weizhong; LIU; Yabo; LIU; Jianying; ZHANG; Nini; MAO; Zhijian; WANG

    2013-01-01

    The rural sci-tech supermarket in Jiangsu Province is an innovative model of rural sci-tech service. With reference to the concept of modern commodity supermarket, this model integrates variety, technology and achievement information into the sci-tech supermarket platform, provides various agricultural sci-tech services, and improves farmers recognition and acceptance of science and technology, so as to accelerate conversion of scientific and technological achievements and demonstration and popularization of new varieties, new technologies and new models. This paper analyzes practice of Jurong economic forest and fruit industrial branch and presents recommendations for building Jiangsu rural sci-tech service supermarket.

  12. New Tech, New Ties:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ling, Richard

    regardless of where they are. But when we are engaged in these intimate conversations with absent friends, what happens to our relationship with the people who are actually in the same room with us? In New Tech, New Ties, Rich Ling examines how the mobile telephone affects both kinds of interactions......—those mediated by mobile communication and those that are face to face. Ling finds that through the use of various social rituals the mobile telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of friends and family—sometimes at the expense of interaction with those who are physically present—and creates what he...... calls "bounded solidarity." Ling argues that mobile communication helps to engender and develop social cohesion within the family and the peer group. Drawing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Erving Goffman, and Randall Collins, Ling shows that ritual interaction is a catalyst for the development of social...

  13. Data-Base Software For Tracking Technological Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliberti, James A.; Wright, Simon; Monteith, Steve K.

    1996-01-01

    Technology Tracking System (TechTracS) computer program developed for use in storing and retrieving information on technology and related patent information developed under auspices of NASA Headquarters and NASA's field centers. Contents of data base include multiple scanned still images and quick-time movies as well as text. TechTracS includes word-processing, report-editing, chart-and-graph-editing, and search-editing subprograms. Extensive keyword searching capabilities enable rapid location of technologies, innovators, and companies. System performs routine functions automatically and serves multiple users.

  14. Using Rapid Ethnography to Support the Design and Implementation of Health Information Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, Sara; Gleason, Nathaniel; Gonzales, Ralph

    2015-01-01

    Ethnography is the defining practice - and art - of anthropology. Among health information technology (IT) developers, however, ethnography remains a little used and undervalued mode of inquiry and representation. In this chapter we demonstrate that ethnography can make important contributions to the design and implementation of more user-oriented health IT devices and systems. In particular, we propose 'rapid ethnography' as a pragmatic strategy that draws on classic ethnographic methods, but emphasizes shorter periods of fieldwork and quick turnaround of findings to inform (re)design, programming and implementation efforts. Rapid ethnography is theoretically and empirically situated in science and technology studies' explorations of a) the entanglement of social and technical dimensions of technology use; b) how getting tools to 'work' requires aligning interests across a wide range of human and non-human actors; and c) the ways in which humans and technology transform each other as they interact. We provide two detailed case studies to illustrate the evolution and uses of rapid ethnography at a U.S. academic medical center. By providing deeper insights into the experiences of users, and the contexts and communities in which new tools are introduced, rapid ethnography can serve as a valuable component of Techno-Anthropology and health IT innovation.

  15. Using Rapid Application Development To Improve the Usability of a Preservice Teacher Technology Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohr, Linda; Javeri, Manisha; Mahoney, Chris; Gall, Jim; Li, Kathy; Strongin, Dawn

    2003-01-01

    Discussion of instructional design focuses on the use of rapid application development (RAD) procedures for producing timely instruction, particularly self-paced instruction for teaching technology skills. Describes research that examined the use of a RAD approach to improve the usability of instructional materials for a preservice technology…

  16. High Tech M&As

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toppenberg, Gustav

    2013-01-01

    of findings are not applicable to the high-tech industry; in fact this industry has many additional challenges. In this study, we aim to explore the process of M&A in the high-tech industry by drawing on extant literature and empirical field work. The paper outlines a research project in progress which...... intends to provide theoretical, empirical and practical contributions in answering the research question: what role does Operations and IT play in creating value in high-tech M&As? The research adds a needed perspective on M&A literature by unveiling unique challenges and opportunities faced by the M...

  17. Design and Realization of Information System for Ningxia Sci-tech Special Commissioners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changhong; WANG

    2013-01-01

    The information system for Ningxia sci-tech special commissioners is an application system for realizing information collection,management and sharing in the entrepreneurial process of sci-tech special commissioners. This paper introduces overall design ideas,system functions,key technologies and realization methods of the information system for Ningxia sci-tech special commissioners. Completion of construction and coming into operation of the information system bring new breakthrough for information management and data statistics of sci-tech special commissioners.

  18. Rapid Determination of Optimal Conditions in a Continuous Flow Reactor Using Process Analytical Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael F. Roberto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Continuous flow reactors (CFRs are an emerging technology that offer several advantages over traditional batch synthesis methods, including more efficient mixing schemes, rapid heat transfer, and increased user safety. Of particular interest to the specialty chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries is the significantly improved reliability and product reproducibility over time. CFR reproducibility can be attributed to the reactors achieving and maintaining a steady state once all physical and chemical conditions have stabilized. This work describes the implementation of a smart CFR with univariate physical and multivariate chemical monitoring that allows for rapid determination of steady state, requiring less than one minute. Additionally, the use of process analytical technology further enabled a significant reduction in the time and cost associated with offline validation methods. The technology implemented for this study is chemistry and hardware agnostic, making this approach a viable means of optimizing the conditions of any CFR.

  19. New paradigm for rapid production of large precision optics: frozen membrane mirror technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieber, Mike; Kendrick, Stephen; Lipscy, Sarah; Ebbets, Dennis; Acton, Scott; Knight, Scott

    2013-09-01

    Traditional mirror manufacturing, particularly for astronomical purposes, requires substantial lead time, due to the nature of the materials and the grinding/polishing process. We propose a new technique for rapid, low-cost production of large, lightweight precision optics by fusing several technologies which in combination we call frozen membrane mirror technology (FMMT). FMMT combines well-understood subsystem technologies, including electrostatic control of membrane mirrors, adaptive optics, wavefront sensing and control, and inflatable structures technology to shorten production time. The basic technique is to control the surface of a reflective coated membrane mirror with electrostatic actuation and wavefront sensor feedback and freeze the membrane shape. We discuss the details of the concept and present results of early lab testing. We focus on the optical regime, but this technology has applicability from the microwave to x-ray spectral bands. Starting with a flexible membrane mirror, one can envision techniques for deployment of large apertures in space.

  20. 科技中介组织与军民科技资源融合发展研究%Study on Sci-tech Intermediate Organizations and Civil-Military Integration of Scientific and Technological Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚玲; 肖越

    2015-01-01

    发展军民融合科技中介组织是实施军民融合战略的必然要求。当前,科技中介组织在管理体制、组织体系构建、服务能力提升、政府政策支持等方面存在诸多问题。只有建立起多层次组织体系和广泛协作网络,合理界定政府与科技中介的关系,建立完善的监督体系和政策制度,促进科技中介服务市场化、专业化、网络化、规模化发展,才能发挥其在军民科技资源融合发展中的作用,推动区域科技创新能力的提升。%The strategy of civil-military integration must develop civil-military integration of science and technology intermedi⁃ary organizations. At present, science and technology intermediary organization has many problems in the management system, or⁃ganization system construction, service ability to ascend and the government’ s policy support. It affects military and civilian re⁃sources integration of science and technology development. In order to make the sci-tech intermediary organizations in military and civilian science and technology playing a role of two-way flow and optimized allocation of resources, we must build up the multi-lev⁃el organization system and extensive collaboration networks, define the relationship between government and science reasonably and establish a perfect supervision system. It can promote science and technology intermediary service marketization, specialization and scale development.

  1. 浅谈大庆高新区如何推动银行业和非银行金融机构快速发展%Discussion on how to promote the banking industry in Daqing High-tech Zone The rapid development and non bank financial institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟艳梅

    2013-01-01

    By strengthening policy support,guide the financial innovation measures to promote the rapid development of high-tech zones in banking industry, the implementation of the " quick finance " project to improve the commercial banks to support small and medium enterprises, give full play to the main channel more bank financing function, to promote the rapid development of high-tech zone banking. Give full play to the guiding role of government, to guide the development of non-bank financial institutions, to alleviate the SME " financing".%  采用强化政策支持、引导金融创新的措施促进高新区银行业快速发展,实施“速贷通”工程提高商业银行对中小企业支持力度,更加充分发挥银行主渠道融资功能,推动高新区银行业快速发展。充分发挥政府的引导作用,引导非银行金融机构快速发展,缓解中小企业“融资难”问题。

  2. Do gender and personality traits (BFI-10) influence self-perceived tech savviness?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, it is necessary to use technology in various everyday activities. A certain level of what used to be called high-tech savviness is needed to access certain services. The aim of this paper is to analyze if gender and personality traits (Big Five Inventory-10) influence self-perceived tech...

  3. TechCare: mobile assessment and therapy for psychosis – an intervention for clients in the Early Intervention Service: A feasibility study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nusrat Husain

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Technological advances in healthcare have shown promise when delivering interventions for mental health problems such as psychosis. The aim of this project is to develop a mobile phone intervention for people with psychosis and to conduct a feasibility study of the TechCare App. Methods: The TechCare App will assess participant’s symptoms and respond with a personalised guided self-help-based psychological intervention with the aim of exploring feasibility and acceptability. The project will recruit 16 service users and 8–10 health professionals from the Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust Early Intervention Service. Results: In strand 1 of the study, we will invite people to discuss their experience of psychosis and give their opinions on the existing evidence-based treatment (cognitive behavioural therapy and how the mobile app can be developed. In strand 2, we will complete a test run with a small number of participants (n = 4 to refine the mobile intervention (TechCare. Finally, in strand 3 of the study, the TechCare App will be examined in a feasibility study with 12 participants. Conclusion: It has been suggested that there is a need for a rapid increase in the efforts to develop the evidence base for the clinical effectiveness of digital technologies, considering mHealth research can potentially be helpful in addressing the demand on mental health services globally.

  4. Applications of Luminex xMAP technology for rapid, high-throughput multiplexed nucleic acid detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, Sherry A

    2006-01-01

    As we enter the post-genome sequencing era and begin to sift through the enormous amount of genetic information now available, the need for technologies that allow rapid, cost-effective, high-throughput detection of specific nucleic acid sequences becomes apparent. Multiplexing technologies, which allow for simultaneous detection of multiple nucleic acid sequences in a single reaction, can greatly reduce the time, cost and labor associated with single reaction detection technologies. The Luminex xMAP system is a multiplexed microsphere-based suspension array platform capable of analyzing and reporting up to 100 different reactions in a single reaction vessel. This technology provides a new platform for high-throughput nucleic acid detection and is being utilized with increasing frequency. Here we review specific applications of xMAP technology for nucleic acid detection in the areas of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping, genetic disease screening, gene expression profiling, HLA DNA typing and microbial detection. These studies demonstrate the speed, efficiency and utility of xMAP technology for simultaneous, rapid, sensitive and specific nucleic acid detection, and its capability to meet the current and future requirements of the molecular laboratory for high-throughput nucleic acid detection.

  5. Technological Information Acquisition, Learning from Failure and Hi-Tech New Venture Performance%技术信息获取、失败学习与高科技新创企业创新绩效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓宇; 蔡莉; 陈依; 段永嘉

    2012-01-01

    Technological information acquisition(TIA) is the designed and proactive activities through which new ventures acquire technological data concerned with a firm's current and potential external stakeholders,which determine the success of exploiting new opportunity and the learning behaviors from failure.The paper proposed a theoretical model based on organizational learning theory,examining the relationship of TIA,learning from failure and innovative performance.Theoretical hypothesis are tested using a sample of 142 high-tech new ventures.Empirical results revealed that the TIA positively influences the innovative performance,the TIA positively influences the learning behaviors from failure,and learning from failure positively influences the innovation performance of hi-tech new ventures.Theoretical and managerial implications of these findings are discussed in the conclusion of the paper.%技术信息获取是指新创企业对与当前和潜在外部利益相关者的有关技术数据有计划地主动收集行为,不仅决定新创企业能否成功开发机会,同时影响新创企业的失败学习行为。基于组织学习视角,构建了"技术信息获取—失败学习行为—企业创新绩效"的理论模型,并通过对142家高科技新创企业的问卷调查,验证了理论假设。研究发现:技术信息获取对新创企业创新绩效有正向影响;技术信息获取对新创企业失败学习有正向影响;失败学习对新创企业创新绩效有正向影响。最后,对研究结论和意义进行了分析与讨论。

  6. FinTech Market Development Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Kalmykova Ekaterina; Ryabova Anna

    2016-01-01

    Fast development of technologies has led to emergence of the new market – FinTech – which is very attractive for investors today. By now this market has a great number of different concepts: P2P-crediting, E-wallets, Bitcoins, mPOS-acquiring, T-commerce, mobile banks, etc. Many of these tools have already heavily entered our ordinary life. People can obtain any credits through special services on the Internet from other users without participation of banks, pay by credit card using mobile dev...

  7. Kinder-Tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sittig, Linda H.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses integrating technology education into the elementary language arts curriculum. Shows how elementary educators teach about technology as a process in problem solving and can apply it to such stories as "The Three Little Pigs." (JOW)

  8. High Tech Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2000-01-01

    Includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling at the beginning of the new millennium. Contains reviews and implications of several articles that appeared in the first issue of the "Journal of Technology in Counseling" and some recent technology related developments by the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision and…

  9. High Tech Counseling: Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layne, Christina Mann; Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    This article includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling. It contains reviews and implications of 4 articles that appeared in the Journal of Technology in Counseling (JTC) and provides a discussion of the future of technology in the counseling profession.

  10. The Information Technology Program Manager’s Dilemma: Rapidly Evolving Technology and Stagnant Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    information technology systems. The current DoDI 5000.02 leaves IT project and program managers wondering how the current process applies to them, as the guidance is fairly rigid and does not allow for the flexibility required to appropriately manage IT programs. Until very recently, in comparison to the development of a traditional weapons system, IT programs seemed to have been viewed as a utility or service instead of a critical component to national security. Perhaps that is because data passing through cables cannot be observed with the naked senses and therefore an

  11. Applications of the Rapid Prototyping Technology to Manufacture the Pelton Runners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorian Nedelcu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an application of the Rapid Prototyping technology using Objet Desktop 3D Printer to manufacture two Pelton runners that are destined for experimental measurements on a Pelton microturbine. The runners are different by bucket’s number and the bucket’s geometry of the second runner is similar with those of the first runner, but scaled in all directions with the bucket’s numbers ratio.

  12. Efficient and Rapid Development of Transgenic Hamster Models of TSEs Using a Radical New Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    by TOSK Inc. to introduce the human, sheep, and other prion genes into golden Syrian hamsters and to use the new transgenic animals both to measure...Transgenic Hamster Models of TSEs Using a Radical New Technology PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Robert G. Rohwer, Ph.D. Irena Alexeeva, Ph.D...From - To) 1 SEP 2003 - 31 AUG 2007 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Efficient and Rapid Development of Transgenic Hamster Models of

  13. Application Of BIM Technology In Travelsky Of High Tech Industry Park Project%BIM技术在中国航信高科技产业园区项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建芯

    2016-01-01

    文章介绍了BIM技术在中国航信高科技产业园区项目中各阶段的应用。从前期使用Revit搭建建筑信息模型,到中期各专业协同设计并应用naviswork进行管线综合,再到后期工程量计算及施工配合,笔者剖析了BIM在大型项目及复杂数据机房应用中的模型组织方法及BIM标准建立的重要性,借此总结了实践中的经验和体会。%This paper introduces the application of BIM technology in Travelsky of high tech Industry Park project.From the early use of Revit to build the building information model, to the medium of each professional Cooperative design and application of naviswork to carry out a comprehensive pipeline, and then to the late engineering quantity calculation and construction coordination ,The author analyzes the application of BIM in large projects and complex data room in the application of the model organization methods and the importance of the establishment of BIM standards, to sum up the experience and experience in practice.

  14. High Touch in a High-Tech World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Cindy L.

    2009-01-01

    In a world of high tech and low touch, it is easy for public relations programs to stray from tried-and-true interpersonal strategies long associated with solid communication planning. New technologies allow communications professionals to quickly send e-mails and telephone calls to selected groups. Social media sites provide users immediate…

  15. Employment and Earnings in High-Tech Ethnic Niches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jennifer C.

    2013-01-01

    The increase in high-skilled immigrants to the United States coincided with the expansion of the high-technology sector, and now a large share of Asian immigrants concentrate in high-tech industries. Despite much research on the relationship between ethnic concentration and labor market outcomes, the association between ethnic niche employment and…

  16. Technology Transfer, Adaptation & Assimilation and Product Innovation Performance——Based on Provincial Panel Data of Chinese High - tech Industries%技术转移、消化吸收与产品创新绩效——一个基于中国内资高技术产业面板数据的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李武威

    2012-01-01

    Based on provincial penal data of Chinese indigenous high - tech industries during the period from 2003 to 2008, the relationship between technology transfer, adaptation & assimilation and product innovation performance of Chinese in-digenous high - tech industries the papers. From two different channels of technology transfer, the results show that technol-ogy introduction has the stationary and significant direct positive impact on product innovation performance of Chinese indig-enous high - tech industries, and as a moderator, it upgrades the marginal contribution of R&D expenditure on product in-novation performance. In addition, the product innovation performance of Chinese indigenous high -tech enterprises is not positively influenced by domestic technology purchase, and the input for adaptation & assimilation has significant and posi-tive effects on product innovation performance of Chinese indigenous high - tech industries. Furthermore, the paper argues that the input for adaptation & assimilation should be paid more attentions in order to increase the technology absorption ca-pability of Chinese indigenous high - tech industries, and domestic technology trade - off market should be boosted up for providing the better platform for high - tech enterprises so as to promote domestic technology purchase for Chinese indige-nous high - tech industries.%采用中国省际2003~2008年内资高技术产业面板数据,实证检验技术转移、消化吸收对产品创新绩效的影响.从技术引进和国内技术购买两种不同的技术转移渠道考察,研究结果显示,技术引进一方面对中国内资高技术产业产品创新绩效具有显著的直接正面影响,另一方面作为调节变量显著提升了研发经费投入对产品创新绩效的边际贡献,国内技术购买对中国内资高技术产业产品创新绩效的影响不显著,消化吸收投入对中国内 资高技术产业产品创新绩效贡献明显.进一步讨论,在技

  17. Rapid and real-time detection technologies for emerging viruses of biomedical importance

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M M Parida

    2008-11-01

    The development of technologies with rapid and sensitive detection capabilities and increased throughput have become crucial for responding to greater number threats posed by emerging and re-emerging viruses in the recent past. The conventional identification methods require time-consuming culturing, and/ or detection of antibodies, which are not very sensitive and specific. The recent advances in molecular biology techniques in the field of genomics and proteomics greatly facilitate the rapid identification with more accuracy. We have developed two real-time assays i.e., SYBR green I based real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and RT-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid detection as well as typing of some of the emerging viruses of biomedical importance viz. dengue, Japanese encephalitis, chikungunya, west Nile, severe acute respiratory syndrome virus (SARS) etc. Both these techniques are capable of detection and differentiation as well as quantifying viral load with higher sensitivity, rapidity, specificity. One of the most important advantages of LAMP is its field applicability, without requirement of any sophisticated equipments. Both these assays have been extensively evaluated and validated with clinical samples of recent epidemics from different parts of India. The establishment of these real time molecular assays will certainly facilitate the rapid detection of viruses with high degree of precision and accuracy in future.

  18. High-tech tools for exercise motivation: use and role of technologies such as the internet, mobile applications, social media, and video games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Deborah F; Lyons, Elizabeth J; Valle, Carmina G

    2015-01-01

    IN BRIEF The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes are not active at recommended levels, and many do not have access to behavior change programs to support lifestyle change. Thus, tools and programs designed to promote the adoption and maintenance of physical activity using technology may be helpful. This article reviews the evidence regarding the use of technology tools such as the Internet, mobile applications, social media, and video games and provides suggestions for evaluating the potential benefit of such tools for behavior change.

  19. Airport Noise Tech Challenge Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, James

    2011-01-01

    The Supersonics Project, operating under NASA Aeronautics Mission Directorate#s Fundamental Aero Program, has been organized around the Technical Challenges that have historically precluded commercial supersonic flight. One of these Challenges is making aircraft that are capable of such high aerodynamic performance quiet enough around airports that they will not be objectionable. It is recognized that a successful civilian supersonic aircraft will be a system where many new technologies will come together, and for this to happen not only will new low noise propulsion concepts be required, but new engineering tools that predict the noise of the aircraft as these technologies are combined and compromised with the rest of the aircraft design. These are the two main objectives of the Airport Noise Tech Challenge. " ! As a Project in the Fundamental Aero Program, we work at a relatively low level of technology readiness. However, we have high level milestones which force us to integrate our efforts to impact systems-level activities. To keep the low-level work tied to delivering engineering tools and low-noise concepts, we have structured our milestones around development of the concepts and organized our activities around developing and applying our engineering tools to these concepts. The final deliverables in these milestones are noise prediction modules validated against the best embodiment of each concept. These will then be used in cross-disciplinary exercises to demonstrate the viability of aircraft designs to meet all the Technical Challenges. Some of the concepts being developed are shown: Fan Flow Diverters, Multi-jet Shielding, High-Aspect Ratio Embedded Nozzles, Plasma Actuated Instability Manipulation, Highly Variable Cycle Mixer- Ejectors, and Inverted Velocity Profiles. These concepts are being developed for reduced jet noise along with the design tools which describe how they perform when used in various aircraft configurations. Several key upcoming

  20. Empirical Research on International Technology Spillover to Technical Innovation Performance of Beijing' s High-tech Industries%国际性技术外溢对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张经强

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the author exercises panel data model, uses software Eviews 6. 0, studies empirically the effects on the international technology spillover to the technical innovation performance of Beijing's high - tech industries, and obtains the technical innovation performance models of Beijing' s high - tech industries and panel data regression results. The results show that the promotion of the technical innovation performance of Beijing' s high - tech industries depends on R&D expenditure input of the enterprises. The input of high - tech staff, the utilization of FDI and the increasing of volume of export trade will also play certain promotion effects on the promotion of the technical innovation performance of Beijing' s high - tech industries. But, the technology spillover of FDI and export trade will play the impeding role when the government promotes the technical innovation performance of Beijing's high - tech industries through increasing the quality and level of new products and new technologies.%采用面板数据模型方法,运用Eviews6.0软件,针对国际性技术外溢对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的影响进行实证研究,得出北京高技术产业技术创新绩效模型和面板数据回归结果.结果表明,北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的提升主要依靠企业研发经费的投入,高科技人员投入、FDI利用和出口贸易额的增加也会对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的提升起到一定的促进作用,但当通过提高新产品、新技术的质量和层次来提升北京高技术产业技术创新绩效时,FDI和出口贸易的技术溢出会起阻碍作用.

  1. Transfer Tech Into Productivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Fifth China Fujian Technology and Projects Fair (CFTPF) will be held on June 18 this year. This annual science and technology achievement fair has attracted increasing international attention. Recently, Beijing Review reporters, Tan Wei and Dai Xiaohua, interviewed Lin Wenbin, Deputy Director of the CFTPF Organizing Committee.

  2. Facilities: The Tech Edge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Lesley S. J.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the impact of technology on school library facilities and suggests some low-impact ways to optimize its use. Highlights include considering the role technology can play; educational goals; interior environmental factors; circulation desk needs; security; storage for hardware and software; handicapped accessibility; and future planning.…

  3. Beyond high tech

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Günzel, Franziska; Wilker, Helge

    2012-01-01

    Technology plays an important role for any start-up as an opportunity to be exploited, as well as an enabler to structure the start-up's activities to better generate value. The business model is a useful tool in these settings to keep track of technology and understand its potential value for th...

  4. The Risk Criteria for Discriminating Technology Innovation Investment Decision Errors of High-tech Enterprises%判别高新技术企业技术创新投资决策错误的风险准则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边云岗; 郭开仲

    2014-01-01

    The technological innovation of high-tech enterprises is a high-risk activity. High-risk means the probability of obtaining high risk gain or suffering large risk loss. Therefore, the correct decision on technological innovation investment is help-ful to maximize the investment income. Through an analysis of the law on technological innovation investment risk-benefit, it is found that an optimal degree of risk and a critical degree of risk exist in the technological innovation investment objectives. For rational decision makers, a risk tolerance interval including the optimal degree of risk should be determined, based on the enterprise's own risk tolerance and business strategy, as a the risk criteria for discriminating technology innovation investment decision errors, and an error function should be created to measure the degree of the investment decision error based on the error-eliminating theory in order to take appropriate remedial measures. Finally, a wrong decision example is analyzed to illustrate the risk criteria is scientific and rational.%高新技术企业的技术创新是一种高风险活动,高风险意味着面临获得高风险收益或遭受高风险损失的可能。因此,正确的技术创新投资决策有利于实现收益的最大化。通过对企业技术创新投资风险收益规律的分析发现,企业技术创新投资客观上存在最佳风险度和临界风险度,认为对于理性的技术创新投资决策者而言,应根据企业自身的风险承担能力和经营战略,确定包括最佳风险度在内的风险容忍区间,作为判别技术创新投资决策错误的风险准则,并通过消错理论中的错误函数度量投资决策错误的程度,以便采取相应的补救措施。最后通过错误投资决策的实例分析,说明了该风险准则的科学性和合理性。

  5. Mobile Technology in the Perioperative Arena: Rapid Evolution and Future Disruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Brian S; Gupta, Rajnish K; McEvoy, Matthew D

    2017-03-01

    Throughout the history of medicine, physicians have relied upon disruptive innovations and technologies to improve the quality of care delivered, patient outcomes, and patient satisfaction. The implementation of mobile technology in health care is quickly becoming the next disruptive technology. We first review the history of mobile technology over the past 3 decades, discuss the impact of hardware and software, explore the rapid expansion of applications (apps), and evaluate the adoption of mobile technology in health care. Next, we discuss how technology serves as the vehicle that can transform traditional didactic learning into one that adapts to the learning behavior of the student by using concepts such as the flipped classroom, just-in-time learning, social media, and Web 2.0/3.0. The focus in this modern education paradigm is shifting from teacher-centric to learner-centric, including providers and patients, and is being delivered as context-sensitive, or semantic, learning. Finally, we present the methods by which connected health systems via mobile devices increase information collection and analysis from patients in both clinical care and research environments. This enhanced patient and provider connection has demonstrated benefits including reducing unnecessary hospital readmissions, improved perioperative health maintenance coordination, and improved care in remote and underserved areas. A significant portion of the future of health care, and specifically perioperative medicine, revolves around mobile technology, nimble learners, patient-specific information and decision-making, and continuous connectivity between patients and health care systems. As such, an understanding of developing or evaluating mobile technology likely will be important for anesthesiologists, particularly with an ever-expanding scope of practice in perioperative medicine.

  6. Tech Prep and the Rural Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Gene L.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses implementation of tech prep in rural areas and notes that relatively little research has been done on behalf of small town schools. Teachers' comments regarding tech prep implementation provide additional insight into the situation. (JOW)

  7. Elucidate Innovation Performance of Technology-driven Mergers and Acquisitions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, L.; Wang, K.; Yu, H.; Shang, L.; Mitkova, L.

    2016-07-01

    The importance and value of Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As) have increased with the expectancy to obtain key technology capabilities and rapid impact on innovation. This article develops an original analytical framework to elucidate the impact of the technology and product relatedness (similarity/complementarity) of the Technology-driven M&A’ partners on post-innovation performance. We present results drawing on a multiple case studies of Chinese High-Tech firms from three industries. (Author)

  8. Advances in the Rapid Analysis Technologies of Mycotoxins%几种真菌毒素快速检测技术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎睿; 崔华; 谢刚; 王松雪

    2013-01-01

    Mycotoxins occur in a wide variety of food and feeds,and have been implicated in a range of human and animal dis-eases. Analysis of mycotoxins forms an important tool in the control strategy. Recently some new progresses have been obtained based on antigen-antibody principles,optical and surface acoustic wave principles,and infrared spectroscopy and so on for meeting different requirements. Among of them,rapid detection,multi mycotoxin analysis and cost-effective clear-up tech-nologies receive much more concern. This article gives a perspective on rapid alternative techniques for mycotoxin analysis , focusing on antibody-based approaches,such as Dip-Stick Immunoassay,Immunodetection using a lateral flow device,im-munological biosensors and emerging non-commercial rapid and innovative technologies such as spectroscopic screening methods reported in the literature they have potential for application to mycotoxin measurement.%  简便、快速、灵敏、准确、经济的真菌毒素分析方法是预防真菌毒素污染,保障食品安全的重要工具。近年来,随着色谱技术、免疫化学以及光、电、声等领域的不断发展,真菌毒素的检测技术出现了新的进展,特别是快速筛选和现场检测方面。综述了这些方面的一些进展,并重点介绍了基于抗原-抗体反应的快速检测方法,如试纸法、横向流动免疫检测技术、免疫生物传感器,以及其他正在发展的快速检测方法如光谱筛选方法等。这些方法将有望在今后的真菌毒素分析中得到广泛的应用。

  9. 中间产品进口对中国高技术产品出口技术含量的影响%Import of Intermediate Products Impact on Exports Technology of China's High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖浩; 胡小娟; 辛丽萍

    2015-01-01

    在新贸易理论的指导下,国际贸易模式不断发展与创新,产品内贸易盛行。本文根据2000—2013年高技术产品五大行业面板数据,基于豪斯曼构建的产品出口复杂度指标对中国高技术产品的出口技术含量进行测度,得出这期间其出口技术含量呈现逐年上升的趋势。本文引入虚拟变量,实证分析 FDI、R&D 及中间产品进口五大行业对其出口技术含量的影响。结果表明,总体来说 FDI、R&D 和中间产品进口均有助于提升产品的出口技术含量;但对细分行业来说,中间产品进口与出口技术含量的关系是不确定的,需要区分不同类型的产品,电子及通信设备、电子计算机及办公设备和医疗设备及仪器仪表三类产品的中间产品进口会促进高技术产品出口技术含量的提升,而医药和航空航天器产品的中间产品进口则会阻碍其出口技术含量的提升。%Under the guidance of the new trade theory,the modes of international trade are developing and in-novating,and trades in products are popular.In this paper,according to the five industry panel data from 2000 to 2013,and export complexity index based on Hausmann,it is concluded that the export technical content showed a trend of rising year by year.This paper introduces virtual variables,analyzing FDI,R&D and import of intermediate products,and the results show that the overall FDI,R&D and the import of intermediate products can promote the export of the product technology content,but for niche business,the import and export of intermediate product tech-nology content are not quite related,which need to distinguish among different types of products.Importing in terme-diate products of electronic and communication equipment,computers and office equipment,and medical equipment and instrumentation can promote the export of high-tech products,while importing intermediate products of pharma-ceutical and aerial will

  10. Photogrammetry for rapid prototyping: development of noncontact 3D reconstruction technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knyaz, Vladimir A.

    2002-04-01

    An important stage of rapid prototyping technology is generating computer 3D model of an object to be reproduced. Wide variety of techniques for 3D model generation exists beginning with manual 3D models generation and finishing with full-automated reverse engineering system. The progress in CCD sensors and computers provides the background for integration of photogrammetry as an accurate 3D data source with CAD/CAM. The paper presents the results of developing photogrammetric methods for non-contact spatial coordinates measurements and generation of computer 3D model of real objects. The technology is based on object convergent images processing for calculating its 3D coordinates and surface reconstruction. The hardware used for spatial coordinates measurements is based on PC as central processing unit and video camera as image acquisition device. The original software for Windows 9X realizes the complete technology of 3D reconstruction for rapid input of geometry data in CAD/CAM systems. Technical characteristics of developed systems are given along with the results of applying for various tasks of 3D reconstruction. The paper describes the techniques used for non-contact measurements and the methods providing metric characteristics of reconstructed 3D model. Also the results of system application for 3D reconstruction of complex industrial objects are presented.

  11. App Factory: A Flexible Approach to Rehabilitation Engineering in an Era of Rapid Technology Advancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael; Mueller, James; Morris, John

    2016-08-15

    This article describes a flexible and effective approach to research and development in an era of rapid technological advancement. The approach relies on secondary dispersal of grant funds to commercial developers through a competitive selection process. This "App Factory" model balances the practical reliance on multi-year funding needed to sustain a rehabilitation engineering research center (RERC), with the need for agility and adaptability of development efforts undertaken in a rapidly-changing technology environment. This approach also allows us to take advantage of technical expertise needed to accomplish a particular development task, and provides incentives to deliver successful products in a cost-effective manner. In this article, we describe the App Factory structure, process and results achieved to date; and we discuss the lessons learned and the potential relevance of this approach for other grant-funded research and development efforts. Data presented on the direct costs and number of downloads of the 16 app development projects funded in the App Factory's first 3 years show that it can be an effective means for supporting focused, short-term assistive technology development projects.

  12. Global Rail Tech Conductor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China becomes a world leader in high-speed railway innovation after absorbing foreign technologies and making breakthroughs of its ow Most everyday train passengers don’t have time, or reason, to ponder the technicalities of the rails

  13. Beauty of Tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Cutting-edge technology backed grand opening of Beijing Olympics The opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games on August 8 stunned the world, with its fascinating and glamorous art performance and

  14. The Research about the Shaanxi Province High-tech Zone’s Industry Agglomeration and Technology Spillovers of FDI--An Empirical Analysis Based on 3 High-tech Zones’ Panel Data%陕西省高新区产业集聚与FDI技术溢出效应研究--基于三个高新区面板数据的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利晓

    2015-01-01

    利用2007-2012年陕西省三个国家级高新区及城市面板数据,将产业集聚与FDI纳入同一经济计量模型,研究高新区产业集聚、FDI技术溢出对城市经济增长的影响,验证产业集聚与FDI技术溢出的交互影响作用。结果表明:产业集聚弹性为0.2307,显著正向促进高新区所在城市经济增长;交互作用下,除劳动投入在5%统计水平上正向显著外,资本投入、产业集聚、产业集聚与FDI交互项均在1%统计水平上正向显著;高新区产业集聚与FDI技术溢出相互促进共同显著促进了城市经济增长与技术进步。%Based On the 3 high-tech zones’ panel data of Shaanxi Province from 2007 to 2012,this paper puts Industry Agglomeration with the FDI into the same econometric model,researches the impact of high-tech zone’s industry Agglomeration and Technology Spillovers of FDI on city economic growth,and verifies the inter⁃action of the Industry Agglomeration and FDI. The empirical analysis indicates Industry Agglomeration promotes economic growth significantly,the marginal effect of industrial agglomeration to city economic growth is 0.2307, which is larger than the other factor input. Under the interaction capital investment,industrial agglomeration,in⁃dustrial agglomeration and FDI’ s interaction are one percent statistical level significantly positive but the labor input is five percent statistical level significantly positive to city economic growth;high-tech zone industrial ag⁃glomeration and FDI technology spillover are in mutual promotion,and they commonly promotes the city econom⁃ic growth .

  15. [A rapid prototype fabrication method of dental splint based on 3D simulation and technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yanping; Chen, Xiaojun; Zhang, Shilei; Wang, Chengtao

    2006-04-01

    The conventional design and fabrication of the dental splint (in orthognathic surgery) is based on the preoperative planning and model surgery so this process is of low precision and efficiency. In order to solve the problems and be up to the trend of computer-assisted surgery, we have developed a novel method to design and fabricate the dental splint--computer-generated dental splint, which is based on three-dimensional model simulation and rapid prototype technology. After the surgical planning and simulation of 3D model, we can modify the model to be superior in chewing action (functional) and overall facial appearance (aesthetic). Then, through the Boolean operation of the dental splint blank and the maxillofacial bone model the model of dental splint is formed. At last, the dental splint model is fabricated through rapid prototype machine and applied in clinic. The result indicates that, with the use of this method, the surgical precision and efficiency are improved.

  16. Research on Effect of Export upon Imported Technology in High-tech Industry%出口对高技术产业引进技术的影响机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞立平; 李守伟; 刘骏

    2016-01-01

    With high-tech industry export growing and proportion of imported technology declining, this paper firstly analyzes the mechanism of action which export affects the introduction of technology and considers the positive mechanisms,which contain export demand and manufacturing transfer in developed countries. Nevertheless,the negative mechanisms mainly reflect in the low-end of export commodity structure, which leads to the shortage of technical requirements,export of some high-end products results in reducing demand and international competition leads to that enterprises pay attention to research on development and reduce demand. Based on the panel data model and Bayesian vector autoregressive model, the results show the elasticity coefficient of export to imported technology is negative, therefore the negative mechanism is more than the positive, the fundamental cause is that the structure of China’s exported commodity is low-end and the relationship between export and imported technology is an u-shaped curve.%针对我国高技术产业出口不断增长与引进技术比重不断下降的现状,本文首先分析了出口对引进技术的作用机制,认为其正向机制包括出口创汇需求、发达国家制造业转移,负向机制主要体现在出口商品结构低端化导致引进技术需求不足、部分高端产品出口对引进技术需求降低、国际竞争导致企业重视研发降低引进技术需求。基于面板数据模型和贝叶斯向量自回归模型的研究结果表明,出口对引进技术影响的弹性系数为负,说明负向机制大于正向机制,其根本原因是我国出口商品结构低端化所致,出口与引进技术的关系呈现 U 型曲线。

  17. Development of Cd-dop ed Co Nanoparticles En-capsulated in Graphite Shell as Novel Electro de Material for the Capacitive Deionization Tech-nology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nasser A M Barakat; Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil; Ahmad G El-Deen; Hak yong kim

    2013-01-01

    Because of the low energy requirement and the environmentally safe byproducts, the capacitive deionization water desalination technology has attracted the attention of many researchers. The important requirements for electrode materials are good electrical conductivity, high surface area, good chemical stability and high specific capacitance. In this study, metallic nanoparticles that are encapsulated in a graphite shell (Cd-doped Co/C NPs) are introduced as the new electrode material for the capacitive deionization process because they have higher specific capacitance than the pristine carbonaceous materials. Cd-doped Co/C NPs perform better than graphene and the activated carbon. The introduced nanoparticles were synthesized using a simple sol-gel technique. A typical sol-gel composed of cadmium acetate, cobalt acetate and poly(vinyl alcohol) was prepared based on the polycondensation property of the acetates. The physiochemical characterizations that were used confirmed that the drying, grinding and calcination in an Ar atmosphere of the prepared gel produced the Cd-doped Co nanoparticles, which were encapsulated in a thin graphite layer. Overall, the present study suggests a new method to effectively use the encapsulated bimetallic nanostructures in the capacitive deionization technology.

  18. Study on Management System for Agricultural Sci-tech Achievement Transformation Funding Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Hong; YU; Jun

    2013-01-01

    Relying on the management system for agricultural sci-tech achievement transformation funding project in Zhejiang Province, on the basis of current situations and demand of agricultural sci-tech achievement transformation funding project management system, we present a B/S-structured and J2EE platform-based system which adopts MVC mode and integrates mainstream open-source frame technologies such as Spring, Struts2, ExtJs, TopLink and FreeMarker, etc. Practice has shown that this system provides an original model for management of sci-tech project application, and various projects can be expanded on this model. With the aid of this system, sci-tech project management personnel can be relieved from trivial manual works, so as to increase working efficiency and improve management level of sci-tech project management.

  19. Modular, Reconfigurable, and Rapid Response Space Systems: The Remote Sensing Advanced Technology Microsatellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esper, Jaime; Andary, Jim; Oberright, John; So, Maria; Wegner, Peter; Hauser, Joe

    2004-01-01

    Modular, Reconfigurable, and Rapid-response (MR(sup 2)) space systems represent a paradigm shift in the way space assets of all sizes are designed, manufactured, integrated, tested, and flown. This paper will describe the MR(sup 2) paradigm in detail, and will include guidelines for its implementation. The Remote Sensing Advanced Technology microsatellite (RSAT) is a proposed flight system test-bed used for developing and implementing principles and best practices for MR(sup 2) spacecraft, and their supporting infrastructure. The initial goal of this test-bed application is to produce a lightweight (approx. 100 kg), production-minded, cost-effective, and scalable remote sensing micro-satellite capable of high performance and broad applicability. Such applications range from future distributed space systems, to sensor-webs, and rapid-response satellite systems. Architectures will be explored that strike a balance between modularity and integration while preserving the MR(sup 2) paradigm. Modularity versus integration has always been a point of contention when approaching a design: whereas one-of-a-kind missions may require close integration resulting in performance optimization, multiple and flexible application spacecraft benefit &om modularity, resulting in maximum flexibility. The process of building spacecraft rapidly (system integration and test processes and pitfalls. Although the concept of modularity is not new and was first developed in the 1970s by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (Multi-Mission Modular Spacecraft), it was never modernized and was eventually abandoned. Such concepts as the Rapid Spacecraft Development Office (RSDO) became the preferred method for acquiring satellites. Notwithstanding, over the past 30 years technology has advanced considerably, and the time is ripe to reconsider modularity in its own right, as enabler of R(sup 2), and as a key element of transformational systems. The MR2 architecture provides a competitive advantage over

  20. Understanding rapid internationalization of new low-technology ventures from emerging economies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.

    2012-01-01

    This theory-building study makes an attempt to advance the field of international entrepreneurship that is (i) fragmented and suffers from theoretical paucity, as well as from coverage bias by focusing mostly on high-technology international new ventures from developed economies and (ii) that needs...... to borrow more actively from other disciplines in order for the international entrepreneurship theory to emerge. In this endeavour, the study draws from the institutional theory in order to explore the process of rapid internationalization of new ventures from emerging economies....

  1. New technologies applied to surgical processes: Virtual Reality and rapid prototyping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suárez-Mejías, Cristina; Gomez-Ciriza, Gorka; Valverde, Israel; Parra Calderón, Carlos; Gómez-Cía, Tomás

    2015-01-01

    AYRA is software of virtual reality for training, planning and optimizing surgical procedures. AYRA was developed under a research, development and innovation project financed by the Andalusian Ministry of Health, called VirSSPA. Nowadays AYRA has been successfully used in more than 1160 real cases and after proving its efficiency it has been introduced in the clinical practice at the Virgen del Rocío University Hospital . Furthermore, AYRA allows generating physical 3D biomodels using rapid prototyping technology. They are used for surgical planning support, intraoperative reference or defect reconstruction. In this paper, some of these tools and some real cases are presented.

  2. Human Spaceflight Technology Needs - A Foundation for JSC's Technology Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stecklein, Jonette M.

    2013-01-01

    Human space exploration has always been heavily influenced by goals to achieve a specific mission on a specific schedule. This approach drove rapid technology development, the rapidity of which adds risks as well as provides a major driver for costs and cost uncertainty. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is now approaching the extension of human presence throughout the solar system by balancing a proactive yet less schedule-driven development of technology with opportunistic scheduling of missions as the needed technologies are realized. This approach should provide cost effective, low risk technology development that will enable efficient and effective manned spaceflight missions. As a first step, the NASA Human Spaceflight Architecture Team (HAT) has identified a suite of critical technologies needed to support future manned missions across a range of destinations, including in cis-lunar space, near earth asteroid visits, lunar exploration, Mars moons, and Mars exploration. The challenge now is to develop a strategy and plan for technology development that efficiently enables these missions over a reasonable time period, without increasing technology development costs unnecessarily due to schedule pressure, and subsequently mitigating development and mission risks. NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC), as the nation s primary center for human exploration, is addressing this challenge through an innovative approach in allocating Internal Research and Development funding to projects. The HAT Technology Needs (TechNeeds) Database has been developed to correlate across critical technologies and the NASA Office of Chief Technologist Technology Area Breakdown Structure (TABS). The TechNeeds Database illuminates that many critical technologies may support a single technical capability gap, that many HAT technology needs may map to a single TABS technology discipline, and that a single HAT technology need may map to multiple TABS technology

  3. Energetics Manufacturing Technology Center (EMTC)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Energetics Manufacturing Technology Center (EMTC), established in 1994 by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Manufacturing Technology (ManTech) Program, is Navy...

  4. Rapid and solvent-saving liquefaction of woody biomass using microwave-ultrasonic assisted technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zexiang; Wu, Zhengguo; Fan, Liwei; Zhang, Hui; Liao, Yiqiang; Zheng, Deyong; Wang, Siqun

    2016-01-01

    A novel process to rapidly liquefy sawdust using reduced quantities of solvent, was successfully carried out via microwave-ultrasonic assisted technology (MUAT) in a sulphuric acid/polyethylene glycol 400-glycerol catalytic system. The influences of some key parameters on the liquefaction yield were investigated. The results showed that compared with traditional liquefaction, the introduction of MUAT allowed the solvent dosage to be halved and shortened the liquefaction time from 60 to 20 min. The liquefaction yield reached 91% under the optimal conditions. However, the influence on the yield of some parameters such as catalyst concentration, was similar to that of traditional liquefaction, indicating that the application of MUAT possibly only intensified heat and mass transfer rather than altering either the degradation mechanism or pathway. The introduction of MUAT as a process intensification technology has good industrial application potential for woody biomass liquefaction.

  5. CROPS : high tech agricultural robots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bontsema, J.; Hemming, J.; Pekkeriet, E.J.

    2014-01-01

    In the EU-funded CROPS (Clever Robots for Crops) project high tech robots are developed for site-specific spraying and selective harvesting of fruit and fruit vegetables. The harvesting robots are being designed to harvest high-value crops such as greenhouse vegetables, fruits in orchards and grapes

  6. Construction of Innovative Rural Sci-tech Service System in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinyue; LI; Qiwei; DAI

    2013-01-01

    At the background of structural regulation of agriculture and industrialized development of rural areas,systematic thought and constructive recommendations are put forward on building innovative rural sci-tech service system in China from following 5 aspects. (1) In organizational system,rural sci-tech service associations should become nonprofit organizations that have independent legal entities. (2) In service object,it should take farmers as subject,new rural economic organizations as carrier,agricultural leading enterprises as handle,little village officials as joint,sci-tech special commissioner as link,and agricultural brokers as medium. (3) In information resources,it should enhance practicality construction and sharing. (4) In service methods and reform measures,it should combine information technology,expert technical consulting service,and sci-tech model base. (5) In policy support and input mechanism,it should follow the principle of diversification,set up government special funds,and formulate preferential policies to attract sci-tech talents to join in rural sci-tech services,and protect legal rights and interests of sci-tech personnel in rural sci-tech services.

  7. Rapid and accurate intraoperative pathological diagnosis by artificial intelligence with deep learning technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jing; Song, Yanlin; Xia, Fan; Zhu, Chenjing; Zhang, Yingying; Song, Wenpeng; Xu, Jianguo; Ma, Xuelei

    2017-09-01

    Frozen section is widely used for intraoperative pathological diagnosis (IOPD), which is essential for intraoperative decision making. However, frozen section suffers from some drawbacks, such as time consuming and high misdiagnosis rate. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) with deep learning technology has shown bright future in medicine. We hypothesize that AI with deep learning technology could help IOPD, with a computer trained by a dataset of intraoperative lesion images. Evidences supporting our hypothesis included the successful use of AI with deep learning technology in diagnosing skin cancer, and the developed method of deep-learning algorithm. Large size of the training dataset is critical to increase the diagnostic accuracy. The performance of the trained machine could be tested by new images before clinical use. Real-time diagnosis, easy to use and potential high accuracy were the advantages of AI for IOPD. In sum, AI with deep learning technology is a promising method to help rapid and accurate IOPD. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. China s Imp.& Exp.of New and High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Import of New and High-tech Products Increases Rapidly The proportion of new and high-tech products in the total import continues to increase.Ever since 1991,the proportion of new and high-tech products in the total import has experienced a continuous growth.It took up only 14.8% of the total import in 1991.The figure reached 20.8% in 1998,and further rose to that of 26.3% in 2001.From January to June this year,the import of new and hightech products totaled 34.540 billion USD,up 18.1% over the same per...

  9. CRISPR/Cas基因组靶向编辑技术综述%Review about CRISPR/Cas system as a new targeted genome editing tech-nology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾良杰

    2014-01-01

    CRISPR (clustered, regularly interspaced, short, palindromic repeats)/Cas (CRISPR-associated) systems are a unique prokaryotic defense against foreign genetic elements. It also be considered as a targeted genome editing tool in molecular biology research. Because of its simplicity, high success rate and high efficiency in genome targeting, Cas system became the best genome targeting tools compared with ZFNs (Zinc-finger nucleases) and TALENs (Transcrip-tion activator-like effector nucleases). According to the recent researches, Cas system could be used as an efficient system for site-specific transcriptional repression or activation. Additionally, a specific Cas9 protein has been observed to target an RNA substrate, suggesting that Cas9 may have the same ability as RNAi technology to be programmed to target RNA as well. Overall, the targeted genome editing technology via CRISPR/Cas system has been Widely promot-ed and applied in many field such as the research on gene functions, the the disease model of gene knock-out animal construction and the gene therapy. So it will have significant impact on future advancements in genome engineering.%Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated(Cas)是细菌特有的一种获得性免疫系统,研究人员将其改造成为靶向基因组编辑的工具,由于操作简单、成功率高且效率高,成为了靶向基因组编辑工具中的佼佼者。同时CRISPR/Cas系统也被改造作为一种极为有效的位点特异性的转录抑制/激活的工具而在研究工作中广泛应用,不仅如此,具有靶向细胞转录过程中产生的RNA底物的利用前景,从而起到与RNAi技术相类似的效果。 CRISPR-Cas技术已经在基因功能研究、动物模型建立、基因治疗等领域得到广泛的推广和应用,有力地推动了相关领域的研究进展。

  10. High-Tech Cruelty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W.

    2011-01-01

    Cyberbullying is a growing problem because increasing numbers of young people use computers, cell phones, and other interactive devices as their main form of social interaction. Cyberbullies use technology to harass, threaten, or humiliate their peers. Online aggression isn't just traditional bullying with new tools. It's widespread, devastating,…

  11. Hi-tech Flame

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Modern science plays a crucial role in lighting the Olympic flame on the world’s highest mountain when the world saw live telecasts of the Olympic flame burning onthe top of Mount Qomolangma(Mount Everest) at 9:17 on the morning of May 8, few realized the years of work and high level of technology that had

  12. Hi-tech Olympics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 7 years ago,China proposed three Principal ideas of "Green Olympics,Hightech Olympic and Humanities Olympic", among which Hightech Olympic refers to applying the modern science technology to every side of Olympic Games, as a result making the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games a sports show which is equipped by the advanced scientific and technical achievement.

  13. The impact of technological M&A on innovative performance of high - tech listed companies%技术并购对高技术上市公司创新绩效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温成玉; 刘志新

    2011-01-01

    利用现存知识并获取、吸收外部知识是公司提高创新能力的关键.技术并购作为公司获取外部知识源的有效手段,日益受到公司青睐.通过对2001-2008年我国高技术上市公司为主并方的96起技术并购的实证研究,文章得出以下结论:技术并购对并购公司的创新绩效影响为正,非技术并购对并购公司创新绩效没有显著影响;目标公司技术知识基础规模对并购后并购公司的创新绩效影响为负;目标公司与并购公司技术知识基础的相对规模对并购后并购公司的创新绩效影响为负.研究结果为上市公司技术并购决策提供实证依据.%To improve innovation capability by using existing knowledge and acquiring, absorbing external knowledge is the key to the company' s innovative capability. By taking 96 technological M&A events of Chinese high - tech listed companies from 2001 to 2008 as an example,the empirical research shows that technology M&A has a positive effect on the innovation performance of the acquiring firm, non - technology M&A has a insisnificant effect on the innovation performance of the acquiring firm.The absolute size of the acquired knowledge base has a negative effect on the innovative performance of the acquiring firm, while the relative size of the acquired knowledge base reduces the innovative performance of the acquiring firm.

  14. Combining novel monitoring tools and precision application technologies for integrated high-tech crop protection in the future (a discussion document).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zijlstra, Carolien; Lund, Ivar; Justesen, Annemarie F; Nicolaisen, Mogens; Jensen, Peter Kryger; Bianciotto, Valeria; Posta, Katalin; Balestrini, Raffaella; Przetakiewicz, Anna; Czembor, Elzbieta; van de Zande, Jan

    2011-06-01

    The possibility of combining novel monitoring techniques and precision spraying for crop protection in the future is discussed. A generic model for an innovative crop protection system has been used as a framework. This system will be able to monitor the entire cropping system and identify the presence of relevant pests, diseases and weeds online, and will be location specific. The system will offer prevention, monitoring, interpretation and action which will be performed in a continuous way. The monitoring is divided into several parts. Planting material, seeds and soil should be monitored for prevention purposes before the growing period to avoid, for example, the introduction of disease into the field and to ensure optimal growth conditions. Data from previous growing seasons, such as the location of weeds and previous diseases, should also be included. During the growing season, the crop will be monitored at a macroscale level until a location that needs special attention is identified. If relevant, this area will be monitored more intensively at a microscale level. A decision engine will analyse the data and offer advice on how to control the detected diseases, pests and weeds, using precision spray techniques or alternative measures. The goal is to provide tools that are able to produce high-quality products with the minimal use of conventional plant protection products. This review describes the technologies that can be used or that need further development in order to achieve this goal.

  15. Mirror-image anterior crown fabrication with computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technology: a clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Seok-Hwan; Chang, Won-Gun

    2013-02-01

    This clinical report describes the fabrication of a maxillary central incisor single crown with rapid prototyping (RP) technology. A patient with a recently replaced metal ceramic crown had discomfort due to the nonanatomic lingual contour of the crown. With computer-aided design (CAD) software and rapid prototyping (RP) technology, the shape of the contralateral central incisor was duplicated and reproduced to make a mirror-image for a new crown. The prosthodontic planning and treatment approach are discussed.

  16. Handbook of surveillance technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Petersen, JK

    2012-01-01

    From officially sanctioned, high-tech operations to budget spy cameras and cell phone video, this updated and expanded edition of a bestselling handbook reflects the rapid and significant growth of the surveillance industry. The Handbook of Surveillance Technologies, Third Edition is the only comprehensive work to chronicle the background and current applications of the full-range of surveillance technologies--offering the latest in surveillance and privacy issues.Cutting-Edge--updates its bestselling predecessor with discussions on social media, GPS circuits in cell phones and PDAs, new GIS s

  17. Review of methane mitigation technologies with application to rapid release of methane from the Arctic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolaroff, Joshuah K; Bhattacharyya, Subarna; Smith, Clara A; Bourcier, William L; Cameron-Smith, Philip J; Aines, Roger D

    2012-06-19

    Methane is the most important greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide, with particular influence on near-term climate change. It poses increasing risk in the future from both direct anthropogenic sources and potential rapid release from the Arctic. A range of mitigation (emissions control) technologies have been developed for anthropogenic sources that can be developed for further application, including to Arctic sources. Significant gaps in understanding remain of the mechanisms, magnitude, and likelihood of rapid methane release from the Arctic. Methane may be released by several pathways, including lakes, wetlands, and oceans, and may be either uniform over large areas or concentrated in patches. Across Arctic sources, bubbles originating in the sediment are the most important mechanism for methane to reach the atmosphere. Most known technologies operate on confined gas streams of 0.1% methane or more, and may be applicable to limited Arctic sources where methane is concentrated in pockets. However, some mitigation strategies developed for rice paddies and agricultural soils are promising for Arctic wetlands and thawing permafrost. Other mitigation strategies specific to the Arctic have been proposed but have yet to be studied. Overall, we identify four avenues of research and development that can serve the dual purposes of addressing current methane sources and potential Arctic sources: (1) methane release detection and quantification, (2) mitigation units for small and remote methane streams, (3) mitigation methods for dilute (methane streams, and (4) understanding methanotroph and methanogen ecology.

  18. Study on rapid bio-drying technology of cow dung with CaO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaotian; Qu, Guangfei; Liu, Shugen; Xie, Ruosong; He, Yanhua

    2017-05-01

    Effect of CaO2 on cow dung rapid bio-drying technology was researched. A static aerobic composting system was applied to this experiment which combining natural ventilation with Turing in the process of composting. The physical characteristics of cow dung was observed and the compost temperature, moisture content, organic matter, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, potassium content was determined which in order to study the effect of CaO2 on rapid drying of cattle in the compost. In the initial stage of compost, adding CaO2 groups compared with the control group, the temperature rise faster, 4-6 days in advance to the thermophilic phase; at the end of composting, the CaO2 composition and moisture content decreased significantly to below 30%. The addition of CaO2 in fertilizer was shorten the composting time, extend the thermophilic phase, to provide sufficient oxygen meeting the growth needs of aerobic microorganisms. It convinced that the rapid bio-drying of dairy manure has a good effect and provided a new idea for the effective treatment of cow dung.

  19. Sci-Tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    China Produces First Space-based 3D Printing Machine Scientists from China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASTC) have produced a 3D print- ing machine, which astronauts can use while on space missions, the first of its kind in China. The machine, which uses both long-wave fiber and short-wave carbon dioxide lasers, can produce items less than 250 mil- limeters in breadth, using stainless steel, titanium alloy and nickel-based superalloy.

  20. Maintaining Adequate CO2 Washout for an Advanced EMU via a New Rapid Cycle Amine Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chullen, Cinda; Conger, Bruce

    2012-01-01

    Over the past several years, NASA has realized tremendous progress in Extravehicular Activity (EVA) technology development. This has been evidenced by the progressive development of a new Rapid Cycle Amine (RCA) system for the Advanced Extravehicular Mobility Unit (AEMU) Portable Life Support Subsystem (PLSS). The PLSS is responsible for the life support of the crew member in the spacesuit. The RCA technology is responsible for carbon dioxide (CO2) and humidity control. Another aspect of the RCA is that it is on-back vacuum-regenerable, efficient, and reliable. The RCA also simplifies the PLSS schematic by eliminating the need for a condensing heat exchanger for humidity control in the current EMU. As development progresses on the RCA, it is important that the sizing be optimized so that the demand on the PLSS battery is minimized. As well, maintaining the CO2 washout at adequate levels during an EVA is an absolute requirement of the RCA and associated ventilation system. Testing has been underway in-house at NASA Johnson Space Center and analysis has been initiated to evaluate whether the technology provides exemplary performance in ensuring that the CO2 is removed sufficiently and the ventilation flow is adequate for maintaining CO2 washout in the AEMU spacesuit helmet of the crew member during an EVA. This paper will review the recent developments of the RCA unit, testing planned in-house with a spacesuit simulator, and the associated analytical work along with insights from the medical aspect on the testing. 1

  1. Empirical analysis on relationship between FDI and technological content of export products:a comparison of high-tech industry and traditional manufacturing industry%FDI与出口贸易品技术含量关系的实证分析∗--高新技术产业与传统制造业的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李媛; 杨乐; 汪伟

    2014-01-01

    以FDI与我国出口贸易品技术含量的关系作为切入点,选择通信设备、计算机制造业、医药制造业作为高新技术产业的代表,通用设备制造业、专用设备制造业作为传统制造业的代表。根据这4个行业1997—2011年利用外资与出口贸易品技术含量的数据,基于面板数据模型对高新技术产业和传统制造业FDI与出口贸易品技术含量之间的长期均衡关系及相关性进行实证分析。结果表明:高新技术产业利用外资与出口贸易品技术含量存在着长期均衡稳定关系,出口贸易品技术含量随着高新技术产业利用外资的增加而提高,并有明显的促进作用,而传统制造业利用外资对出口贸易品技术含量的影响有限。%Started from the relationship between FDI and technological content of export products in China, the communication equipment, computer manufacturing and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries are selected to represent high-tech industry, and the general-purpose equipment manufacturing and special-purpose equipment manufacturing industries are selected to represent traditional manufacturing industry. According to the data of FDI and technological content of export products of the four industries from 1997 to 2011 , empirical study is produced on the long-term equilibrium relationship and correlation between FDI and technological content of export products in high-tech industry and traditional manufacturing industry based on panel data model. The results show that long-term equilibrium relationship exists between FDI and technological content of export products in high-tech industry, the technological content of export products increases along with the increase of FDI in high-tech industry, which has significant promoting effect, while the inflence of FDI on technological content of export products in traditional manufacturing industry is limited.

  2. T.I.Tech./K.E.S. Conference on Nonlinear and Convex Analysis in Economic Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Takahashi, Wataru

    1995-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume are contributions to T.I.Tech./K.E.S. Conference on Nonlinear and Convex Analysis in Economic Theory, which was held at Keio University, July 2-4, 1993. The conference was organized by Tokyo Institute of Technology (T. I. Tech.) and the Keio Economic Society (K. E. S.) , and supported by Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc .. A lot of economic problems can be formulated as constrained optimiza­ tions and equilibrations of their solutions. Nonlinear-convex analysis has been supplying economists with indispensable mathematical machineries for these problems arising in economic theory. Conversely, mathematicians working in this discipline of analysis have been stimulated by various mathematical difficulties raised by economic the­ ories. Although our special emphasis was laid upon "nonlinearity" and "con­ vexity" in relation with economic theories, we also incorporated stochastic aspects of financial economics in our project taking account of the remark­ able rapid growth of this dis...

  3. Research on the Impact of Intellectual Property Protection on the Technology Innovation Channel of High-tech Industry%知识产权保护对高技术产业技术创新渠道的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 徐雨杰

    2016-01-01

    在考察知识产权保护对高技术企业技术创新的影响时,文中运用Griliches-Jaffe知识生产函数对我国2005-2014年大中型高技术企业面板数据进行了实证分析。结果显示,知识产权保护在激励企业自主研发、提高国外技术引进的效果上均发挥了正向作用,但知识产权保护对FDI技术溢出效应的影响并不显著。文中的研究将有助于相关政策制定者更好的运用知识产权保护政策以促进高技术企业技术的创新发展。%In the study of intellectual property protection on technological innovation of high tech enterprises,the article uses the knowledge production function of Griliches -Jaffe conducted an empirical analysis of China's 2005 -2014 large and medium-sized high-tech enterprises panel data.The results show that the protection of intellectual property rights to encourage enterprises to independent research and development.Improving the effect of the introduction of foreign technology has played a positive role,but the effect of IPR protection on FDI technology spillover effect is not significant.The study of this paper will help the relevant policy makers to better use of intellectual property protection policies to promote the innovation and development of high-tech enterprise technology.

  4. Several Theoretical Issues on Agricultural Sci-tech Service and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In view of particularity and complexity of agricultural sci-tech service and management,this paper presents definition of basic concept of agricultural sci-tech service and management,sums up its basic characteristics,and discusses and analyzes its structural elements and functions. The agricultural sci-tech service and management plays an important role in speeding up rural construction and narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas. It ensures benign cycle of scientific and technological achievements and regional environment,and promotes development of agricultural industrialization.

  5. The FinTech phenomenon: antecedents of financial innovation perceived by the popular press

    OpenAIRE

    Zavolokina, Liudmila; Dolata, Mateusz; Schwabe, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    The financial industry has been strongly influenced by digitalization in the past few years reflected by the emergence of “FinTech,” which represents the marriage of “finance” and “information technology.” FinTech provides opportunities for the creation of new services and business models and poses challenges to traditional financial service providers. Therefore, FinTech has become a subject of debate among practitioners, investors, and researchers and is highly visible in the popular media. ...

  6. The FinTech phenomenon: antecedents of financial innovation perceived by the popular press

    OpenAIRE

    Zavolokina, Liudmila; Dolata, Mateusz; Schwabe, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    The financial industry has been strongly influenced by digitalization in the past few years reflected by the emergence of “FinTech,” which represents the marriage of “finance” and “information technology.” FinTech provides opportunities for the creation of new services and business models and poses challenges to traditional financial service providers. Therefore, FinTech has become a subject of debate among practitioners, investors, and researchers and is highly visible in the popular media. ...

  7. BiblioTech why libraries matter more than ever in the age of Google

    CERN Document Server

    Palfrey, John

    2015-01-01

    Libraries today are more important than ever. More than just book repositories, libraries can become bulwarks against some of the most crucial challenges of our age: unequal access to education, jobs, and information. In BiblioTech, educator and technology expert John Palfrey argues that anyone seeking to participate in the 21st century needs to understand how to find and use the vast stores of information available online. And libraries, which play a crucial role in making these skills and information available, are at risk. In order to survive our rapidly modernizing world and dwindling government funding, libraries must make the transition to a digital future as soon as possible—by digitizing print material and ensuring that born-digital material is publicly available online. Not all of these changes will be easy for libraries to implement. But as Palfrey boldly argues, these modifications are vital if we hope to save libraries and, through them, the American democratic ideal.

  8. An Analysis of Rapid Technology Transfer Solutions and Best Practices for Use by the Department of Defense

    OpenAIRE

    Holden, Dennis R.

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The DoD is burdened by an Integrated Defense Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Life Cycle Management System that is designed to acquire large systems, such as ships, and that takes years to complete. Information technology evolves at a rapid pace because it is driven by industry. The DoD acquisition system is therefore at odds with industry development, at least with respect to information technology. Acquisition of informatio...

  9. The use of rapid review methods in health technology assessments: 3 case studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Kaltenthaler

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rapid reviews are of increasing importance within health technology assessment due to time and resource constraints. There are many rapid review methods available although there is little guidance as to the most suitable methods. We present three case studies employing differing methods to suit the evidence base for each review and outline some issues to consider when selecting an appropriate method. Methods Three recently completed systematic review short reports produced for the UK National Institute for Health Research were examined. Different approaches to rapid review methods were used in the three reports which were undertaken to inform the commissioning of services within the NHS and to inform future trial design. We describe the methods used, the reasoning behind the choice of methods and explore the strengths and weaknesses of each method. Results Rapid review methods were chosen to meet the needs of the review and each review had distinctly different challenges such as heterogeneity in terms of populations, interventions, comparators and outcome measures (PICO and/or large numbers of relevant trials. All reviews included at least 10 randomised controlled trials (RCTs, each with numerous included outcomes. For the first case study (sexual health interventions, very diverse studies in terms of PICO were included. P-values and summary information only were presented due to substantial heterogeneity between studies and outcomes measured. For the second case study (premature ejaculation treatments, there were over 100 RCTs but also several existing systematic reviews. Data for meta-analyses were extracted directly from existing systematic reviews with new RCT data added where available. For the final case study (cannabis cessation therapies, studies included a wide range of interventions and considerable variation in study populations and outcomes. A brief summary of the key findings for each study was presented and

  10. A methodology to enable rapid evaluation of aviation environmental impacts and aircraft technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Keith Frederick

    Commercial aviation has become an integral part of modern society and enables unprecedented global connectivity by increasing rapid business, cultural, and personal connectivity. In the decades following World War II, passenger travel through commercial aviation quickly grew at a rate of roughly 8% per year globally. The FAA's most recent Terminal Area Forecast predicts growth to continue at a rate of 2.5% domestically, and the market outlooks produced by Airbus and Boeing generally predict growth to continue at a rate of 5% per year globally over the next several decades, which translates into a need for up to 30,000 new aircraft produced by 2025. With such large numbers of new aircraft potentially entering service, any negative consequences of commercial aviation must undergo examination and mitigation by governing bodies so that growth may still be achieved. Options to simultaneously grow while reducing environmental impact include evolution of the commercial fleet through changes in operations, aircraft mix, and technology adoption. Methods to rapidly evaluate fleet environmental metrics are needed to enable decision makers to quickly compare the impact of different scenarios and weigh the impact of multiple policy options. As the fleet evolves, interdependencies may emerge in the form of tradeoffs between improvements in different environmental metrics as new technologies are brought into service. In order to include the impacts of these interdependencies on fleet evolution, physics-based modeling is required at the appropriate level of fidelity. Evaluation of environmental metrics in a physics-based manner can be done at the individual aircraft level, but will then not capture aggregate fleet metrics. Contrastingly, evaluation of environmental metrics at the fleet level is already being done for aircraft in the commercial fleet, but current tools and approaches require enhancement because they currently capture technology implementation through post

  11. The method of parallel-hierarchical transformation for rapid recognition of dynamic images using GPGPU technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timchenko, Leonid; Yarovyi, Andrii; Kokriatskaya, Nataliya; Nakonechna, Svitlana; Abramenko, Ludmila; Ławicki, Tomasz; Popiel, Piotr; Yesmakhanova, Laura

    2016-09-01

    The paper presents a method of parallel-hierarchical transformations for rapid recognition of dynamic images using GPU technology. Direct parallel-hierarchical transformations based on cluster CPU-and GPU-oriented hardware platform. Mathematic models of training of the parallel hierarchical (PH) network for the transformation are developed, as well as a training method of the PH network for recognition of dynamic images. This research is most topical for problems on organizing high-performance computations of super large arrays of information designed to implement multi-stage sensing and processing as well as compaction and recognition of data in the informational structures and computer devices. This method has such advantages as high performance through the use of recent advances in parallelization, possibility to work with images of ultra dimension, ease of scaling in case of changing the number of nodes in the cluster, auto scan of local network to detect compute nodes.

  12. Application of ICME Methods for the Development of Rapid Manufacturing Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiwald-Immer, T.; Göhler, T.; Fischersworring-Bunk, A.; Körner, C.; Osmanlic, F.; Bauereiß, A.

    Rapid manufacturing technologies are lately gaining interest as alternative manufacturing method. Due to the large parameter sets applicable in these manufacturing methods and their impact on achievable material properties and quality, support of the manufacturing process development by the use of simulation is highly attractive. This is especially true for aerospace applications with their high quality demands and controlled scatter in the resulting material properties. The applicable simulation techniques to these manufacturing methods are manifold. The paper will focus on the melt pool simulation for a SLM (selective laser melting) process which was originally developed for EBM (electron beam melting). It will be discussed in the overall context of a multi-scale simulation within a virtual process chain.

  13. Ion mobility spectrometry fingerprints: A rapid detection technology for adulteration of sesame oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liangxiao; Shuai, Qian; Li, Peiwu; Zhang, Qi; Ma, Fei; Zhang, Wen; Ding, Xiaoxia

    2016-02-01

    A simple and rapid detection technology was proposed based on ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) fingerprints to determine potential adulteration of sesame oil. Oil samples were diluted by n-hexane and analyzed by IMS for 20s. Then, chemometric methods were employed to establish discriminant models for sesame oils and four other edible oils, pure and adulterated sesame oils, and pure and counterfeit sesame oils, respectively. Finally, Random Forests (RF) classification model could correctly classify all five types of edible oils. The detection results indicated that the discriminant models built by recursive support vector machine (R-SVM) method could identify adulterated sesame oil samples (⩾ 10%) with an accuracy value of 94.2%. Therefore, IMS was shown to be an effective method to detect the adulterated sesame oils. Meanwhile, IMS fingerprints work well to detect the counterfeit sesame oils produced by adding sesame oil essence into cheaper edible oils. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Vero cell technology for rapid development of inactivated whole virus vaccines for emerging viral diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, P Noel; Terpening, Sara J; Snow, Doris; Cobb, Ronald R; Kistner, Otfried

    2017-09-01

    Rapid development and production of vaccines against emerging diseases requires well established, validated, robust technologies to allow industrial scale production and accelerated licensure of products. Areas covered: A versatile Vero cell platform has been developed and utilized to deliver a wide range of candidate and licensed vaccines against emerging viral diseases. This platform builds on the 35 years' experience and safety record with inactivated whole virus vaccines such as polio vaccine. The current platform has been optimized to include a novel double inactivation procedure in order to ensure a highly robust inactivation procedure for novel emerging viruses. The utility of this platform in rapidly developing inactivated whole virus vaccines against pandemic (-like) influenza viruses and other emerging viruses such as West Nile, Chikungunya, Ross River and SARS is reviewed. The potential of the platform for development of vaccines against other emerging viruses such as Zika virus is described. Expert commentary: Use of this platform can substantially accelerate process development and facilitate licensure because of the substantial existing data set available for the cell matrix. However, programs to provide vaccines against emerging diseases must allow alternative clinical development paths to licensure, without the requirement to carry out large scale field efficacy studies.

  15. Rapid detection and identification of Bacillus anthracis in food using pyrosequencing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoako, Kingsley K; Janzen, Timothy W; Shields, Michael J; Hahn, Kristen R; Thomas, Matthew C; Goji, Noriko

    2013-08-01

    The development of advanced methodologies for the detection of Bacillus anthracis has been evolving rapidly since the release of the anthrax spores in the mail in 2001. Recent advances in detection and identification techniques could prove to be an essential component in the defense against biological attacks. Sequence based such as pyrosequencing, which has the capability to determine short DNA stretches in real-time using biotinylated PCR amplicons, has potential biodefense applications. Using markers from the virulence plasmids (pXO1 and pXO2) and chromosomal regions, we have demonstrated the power of this technology in the rapid, specific and sensitive detection of B. anthracis spores in food matrices including milk, juice, bottled water, and processed meat. The combined use of immunomagnetic separation and pyrosequencing showed positive detection when liquid foods (bottled water, milk, juice), and processed meat were experimentally inoculated with 6CFU/mL and 6CFU/g, respectively, without an enrichment step. Pyrosequencing is completed in about 60min (following PCR amplification) and yields accurate and reliable results with an added layer of confidence. The entire assay (from sample preparation to sequencing information) can be completed in about 7.5h. A typical run on food samples yielded 67-80bp reads with 94-100% identity to the expected sequence. This sequence based approach is a novel application for the detection of anthrax spores in food with potential application in foodborne bioterrorism response and biodefense involving the use of anthrax spores.

  16. 我国高新技术企业技术创新模式选择研究——基于演化博弈的视角%The technological innovation mode selection of Chinese new and high-tech enterprises based on evolutionary game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴园园; 梅强

    2013-01-01

    In order to investigate the inner mechanism of technological innovation mode selection for new and high - tech enterprises, a game model of new and high - tech enterprises' technological innovation mode selection is constructed and the evolution dynamic stability of strategy selection is analyzed with the help of evolutionary economics. Through a numerical simulation, it shows the impact of different decision parameters and initial conditions on the results evolution. The conclusions reveal that the evolution system of technological innovation mode selection for new and high - tech enterprises converges to two types of patterns; one is ideal status, while the other is a poor "lock in" status. By adjusting the decision parameters, it makes enterprises be free from the poor "lock in" condition and lead them to evolve towards an expected direction.%为研究高新技术企业的技术创新模式选择行为的内在决策机理,借助演化经济学研究工具,构建了高新技术企业技术创新模式选择的博弈模型,并对策略选择进行了演化动态稳定性分析,用数值仿真演示了决策参数的不同取值和初始条件的改变对演化结果的影响.结果表明:高新技术企业技术创新模式选择演化系统收敛于两种模式,一种为理想状态,一种为不良“锁定”状态;通过调节参数可以跳出不良“锁定”状态,诱导企业朝着期望的方向演化.

  17. Sieciowe usługi informacyjne dla nauk technicznych : BazTech, BazTOL

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents the current state and plans for development of the BazTech "Polish Technical Journals Contents" database. It is created by 22 academic libraries and centers for scientific information. The project is coordinated by the Cracow University of Technology. The Baz Tech database, situated at http://baztech.icm.edu.pl (ICM UW server), within the framework of the project "Virtual Scientific Library" lists over 400 journals. The paper also describes the assumptions for the creation ...

  18. Rapid discrimination of main red meat species based on near-infrared hyperspectral imaging technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Lu; Peng, Yankun; Chao, Kuanglin; Qin, Jianwei

    2016-05-01

    Meat is the necessary source of essential nutrients for people including protein, fat, and so on. The discrimination of meat species and the determination of meat authenticity have been an important issue in the meat industry. The objective of this study is to realize the fast and accurate identification of three main red meats containing beef, lamb and pork by using near-infrared hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technology. After acquiring the hyperspectral images of meat samples, the calibration of acquired images and selection of the region of interest (ROI) were carried out. Then spectral preprocessing method of standard normal variate correction (SNV) was used to reduce the light scattering and random noise before the spectral analysis. Finally, characteristic wavelengths were extracted by principal component analysis (PCA), and the Fisher linear discriminant method was applied to establish Fisher discriminant functions to identify the meat species. All the samples were collected from different batches in order to improve the coverage of the models. In addition to the validation of sample itself in train set and cross validation, three different meat samples were sliced at the size of 2cm×2cm×2 cm approximately and were spliced together in one interface to be scanned by HSI system. The acquired hyperspectral data was applied to further validate the discriminant model. The results demonstrated that the near-infrared hyperspectral imaging technology could be applied as an effective, rapid and non-destructive discrimination method for main red meats.

  19. 科技创新对江苏省高新技术产品出口竞争力影响分析%Analysis of Influence of Scientific and Technological Innovation on Export Competitiveness of High -tech Products in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明洁; 朱姗姗; 李根

    2015-01-01

    This paper divides export competitiveness of high -tech products in Jiangsu Province into absolute competitive-ness and relative competitiveness by Factor Analysis method based on the annual data of Jiangsu from 2003 to 2011.This paper subdivides scientific technological innovation into nine indicators from the angle of different subjects,analyzes the im-pact of them on export competitiveness of high -tech products by using Grey Relational Analysis.The empirical results in-dicate that there is a strong correlation between export competitiveness of high -tech products in Jiangsu Province and sci-entific technological innovation.The correlation between digestion and absorption intensity,local financial allocations on science and technology,the number of scientific and technological infrastructure,the number of patent applications and ex-port competitiveness of high -tech products is relatively weak.Finally,it proposes some suggestions from the angle of en-terprise and the government.%基于江苏省2003-2011年高新技术产品出口数据,运用因子分析法将江苏省高新技术产品出口竞争力分为绝对竞争力和相对竞争力,并从不同主体角度将科技创新细化为9个指标,接着利用灰色关联法实证其对高新技术产品出口竞争力的影响,进而得出科技创新与江苏省高新技术产品出口竞争力的关联度很高,其中消化吸收强度、地方财政科技拨款、科技基础设施数、专利申请数的影响相对较小,最后从企业、政府等角度提出相关建议。

  20. Information literacy training in AgroParisTech food studies

    OpenAIRE

    Agnès Grimal; Florence Dubois-Brissonnet; Elisabeth Dumoulin

    2015-01-01

    AgroParisTech professors and librarians in Food Science and Technology have developed information literacy instruction to help students find and use relevant information. The course trains students to develop information literacy competencies: to identify the information needed and define its nature and extent; to access the information with efficiency because they select and use methods, resources and retrieval systems most appropriate to the topic; to evaluate the used methods, information,...

  1. Running-gear Tech 2001; Fahrwerk-Tech 2001. Tagung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Dynamic driving characteristics, active safety and high comfort are conflicting goals which can be combined by active vehicle management systems. The conference discussed modern tools and methods in the fields of design, simulation and experiment. [German] Im Zielkonflikt zwischen Fahrdynamik, aktiver Sicherheit und Komfort bieten Fahrzeugregelsysteme enorme Moeglichkeiten. Systeme fuer Bremsen, Stabilisierung, Daempfung, Aufbaukontrolle und Fahrerassistenz werden in der Zukunft zu einem Fahrwerksmanagement verschmelzen. Diese Fahrzeugintelligenz erfordert moderne Tools und Methoden im Bereich Konzeption, Simulation und Versuch. Die Tagung Fahrwerk-Tech 2001 wird das Fahrwerk in dieser Gesamtheit betrachten und Experten aus den verschiedenen Bereichen zusammen bringen. (orig.)

  2. TRAINING EMPLOYEES TO WORK WITH HI-TECH EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Dremina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to describe a research relying on the capabilities of networking, which improves the quality of vocational training of skilled workers that are intended to work with new hi-tech equipment.Methods. Methods of system and comparative analysis, modeling, synthesis and generalization are used. Specification of the model of workers training offered by authors is carried out on the basis of deep interviews to experts – the representatives of the large enterprises who are carrying out training of the personnel.Results. Social and pedagogical contradictions are revealed, on the one hand, in the growing need for highly professional personnel for hi-tech productions, and, on the other hand, in insufficiently effective countermeasures of the system of vocational education and training on closing actual requirements of productions. The discrepancies reducing the quality of preparation of skilled workers are revealed by comparative analysis of competences based on an ideal competence model of the trainer and teacher of VET with the competences presented in educational both professional standards and the discussed projects. Characteristics of the existing pedagogical process in the hi-tech production environment are described. For the purpose of quality improvement of the pedagogical process, the network format of interactions of the enterprise, educational and the business organizations is offered.Scientific novelty. The concept «pedagogical process» for the purpose of making it more instrumental is specified; it joins a technological process and the design of its ideal model for the hi-tech production environment. The unique network project including design and development of innovative manuals and teaching materials for the welding equipment of Fronius International GmbH.Practical significance. The research results can be useful to the management of staff development and career advancement of hi-tech productions, and VET

  3. Simple, rapid and accurate molecular diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia by loop mediated amplification technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinelli, Orietta; Rambaldi, Alessandro; Rigo, Francesca; Zanghì, Pamela; D'Agostini, Elena; Amicarelli, Giulia; Colotta, Francesco; Divona, Mariadomenica; Ciardi, Claudia; Coco, Francesco Lo; Minnucci, Giulia

    2015-01-01

    The diagnostic work-up of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) includes the cytogenetic demonstration of the t(15;17) translocation and/or the PML-RARA chimeric transcript by RQ-PCR or RT-PCR. This latter assays provide suitable results in 3-6 hours. We describe here two new, rapid and specific assays that detect PML-RARA transcripts, based on the RT-QLAMP (Reverse Transcription-Quenching Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification) technology in which RNA retrotranscription and cDNA amplification are carried out in a single tube with one enzyme at one temperature, in fluorescence and real time format. A single tube triplex assay detects bcr1 and bcr3 PML-RARA transcripts along with GUS housekeeping gene. A single tube duplex assay detects bcr2 and GUSB. In 73 APL cases, these assays detected in 16 minutes bcr1, bcr2 and bcr3 transcripts. All 81 non-APL samples were negative by RT-QLAMP for chimeric transcripts whereas GUSB was detectable. In 11 APL patients in which RT-PCR yielded equivocal breakpoint type results, RT-QLAMP assays unequivocally and accurately defined the breakpoint type (as confirmed by sequencing). Furthermore, RT-QLAMP could amplify two bcr2 transcripts with particularly extended PML exon 6 deletions not amplified by RQ-PCR. RT-QLAMP reproducible sensitivity is 10(-3) for bcr1 and bcr3 and 10(-)2 for bcr2 thus making this assay particularly attractive at diagnosis and leaving RQ-PCR for the molecular monitoring of minimal residual disease during the follow up. In conclusion, PML-RARA RT-QLAMP compared to RT-PCR or RQ-PCR is a valid improvement to perform rapid, simple and accurate molecular diagnosis of APL.

  4. Technology of Anticorrosive Protection of Steel Constructions by Coatings Based on Rapid-Hardening Bitumen-Latex Emulsion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nykyforchyn, H.M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The recipes of rapid-hardening bitumen-latex emulsions and coatings on its base are created, in-laboratory tests of their physical, chemical and anticorrosive properties are carried out. The technology of anticorrosive protection and the installation technical documentation for making of aqueous bitumen-latex emulsion is developed, installation is mounted and a pilot lot of rapid-hardening emulsion is produced. Experimental-industrial approbation of the technology of coating formation on pipes in oil and gas industry is carried out.

  5. Definition of a short-cut methodology for assessing earthquake-related Na-Tech risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busini, Valentina; Marzo, Enrico; Callioni, Andrea; Rota, Renato

    2011-08-15

    Na-Tech (Natural and Technological) refers to industrial accidents triggered by natural events such as storms, earthquakes, flooding, and lightning. Herein, a qualitative methodology for the initial assessment of earthquake Na-Tech risk has been developed as a screening tool to identify which situations require a much more expensive Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA). The proposed methodology, through suitable Key Hazard Indicators (KHIs), identifies the Na-Tech risk level associated with a given situation (i.e., a process plant located in a given territory), using the Analytical Hierarchy Process as a multi-criteria decision tool for the evaluation of such KHIs. The developed methodology was validated by comparing its computational results with QRA results that involved Na-Tech events previously presented in literature.

  6. A rapid automatic analyzer and its methodology for effective bentonite content based on image recognition technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Long

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Fast and accurate determination of effective bentonite content in used clay bonded sand is very important for selecting the correct mixing ratio and mixing process to obtain high-performance molding sand. Currently, the effective bentonite content is determined by testing the ethylene blue absorbed in used clay bonded sand, which is usually a manual operation with some disadvantages including complicated process, long testing time and low accuracy. A rapid automatic analyzer of the effective bentonite content in used clay bonded sand was developed based on image recognition technology. The instrument consists of auto stirring, auto liquid removal, auto titration, step-rotation and image acquisition components, and processor. The principle of the image recognition method is first to decompose the color images into three-channel gray images based on the photosensitive degree difference of the light blue and dark blue in the three channels of red, green and blue, then to make the gray values subtraction calculation and gray level transformation of the gray images, and finally, to extract the outer circle light blue halo and the inner circle blue spot and calculate their area ratio. The titration process can be judged to reach the end-point while the area ratio is higher than the setting value.

  7. Advanced powder metallurgy aluminum alloys via rapid solidification technology, phase 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Ranjan; Jha, Sunil C.

    1987-01-01

    Marko's rapid solidification technology was applied to processing high strength aluminum alloys. Four classes of alloys, namely, Al-Li based (class 1), 2124 type (class 2), high temperature Al-Fe-Mo (class 3), and PM X7091 type (class 4) alloy, were produced as melt-spun ribbons. The ribbons were pulverized, cold compacted, hot-degassed, and consolidated through single or double stage extrusion. The mechanical properties of all four classes of alloys were measured at room and elevated temperatures and their microstructures were investigated optically and through electron microscopy. The microstructure of class 1 Al-Li-Mg alloy was predominantly unrecrystallized due to Zr addition. Yield strengths to the order of 50 Ksi were obtained, but tensile elongation in most cases remained below 2 percent. The class 2 alloys were modified composition of 2124 aluminum alloy, through addition of 0.6 weight percent Zr and 1 weight percent Ni. Nickel addition gave rise to a fine dispersion of intermetallic particles resisting coarsening during elevated temperature exposure. The class 2 alloy showed good combination of tensile strength and ductility and retained high strength after 1000 hour exposure at 177 C. The class 3 Al-Fe-Mo alloy showed high strength and good ductility both at room and high temperatures. The yield and tensile strength of class 4 alloy exceeded those of the commercial 7075 aluminum alloy.

  8. Annual Science and Engineering Technology Conference/DOD Technology Exposition (7th). Volume 2. Wednesday - Thursday

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-20

    to engine teams thru AF code AF added strong staff/tech support (AQR) Interview, Dr.P. Bevilaqua, NAE Skunk-PM, Invented Lift Fan FIRST: STO-SSDash-VL...wafer-scale Pilot Line for rapid technology development Producing 4” QVGA backplanes and TDs Tools, materials and processes developed to enable...Centers of Excellence • Co-Funded by AFOSR, TD and University • Extends the capabilities and scope of AFRL • Opens up opportunity for continued focus on AF

  9. High-tech meets end-user

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steen, M.

    2008-01-01

    One challenge within the high-tech sector is to develop products that end users will actually need and will be able to use. One way of trying to match the design of high-tech products to the needs of end users, is to let researchers and designers interact with them via a human-centred design (HCD) a

  10. An Empirical Study on Non-financial Value-added Services of Venture Capital and High-tech Enterprises' Technological Capacity%风险投资的非资本增值服务与高新技术企业技术能力关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙勇; 刘誉豪

    2013-01-01

    风险投资作为一种特殊的投资形式,不仅会为高新技术企业解决“融资难”的问题,更重要的是风险资本家投入资本后还会为企业提供非资本增值服务,进而提升企业技术能力,增强企业竞争力,最终获得较高回报.结合高新技术企业的特点,通过实证分析证实了非资本增值服务对企业提高技术能力有积极影响,得出了具有实践指导意义的结论.%As a special form of investment, venture capital is not only a method for the high-tech enterprises to solve the " financing" problem. In order to get higher returns ultimately, the venture capitalists are keen to help companies to strengthen the competitiveness of themselves, such as provide Non-financial Value-added by upgrading the technological capabilities of enterprises. In this paper, Empirical research has been drawn on Non-financial Value-added and technological capability to the high-tech enterprises. Finally, conclusions with practical significance have been proposed.

  11. Information literacy training in AgroParisTech food studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnès Grimal

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AgroParisTech professors and librarians in Food Science and Technology have developed information literacy instruction to help students find and use relevant information. The course trains students to develop information literacy competencies: to identify the information needed and define its nature and extent; to access the information with efficiency because they select and use methods, resources and retrieval systems most appropriate to the topic; to evaluate the used methods, information, and sources; to search, access and use information ethically and legally; to read, use and write bibliographic references.AgroParisTech trains two kinds of students. For Higher Education students (engineering students, the training takes place at their arrival in AgroParisTech, including courses and practical classes: role and management of information in organizations; information on plagiarism; resources in environment, food science and technology; use of relevant tools and methods for searching in databases; reference writing.For students attending a Master of Science, the training prepares them to produce a literature review. The curriculum includes: information about scientific integrity, plagiarism; information needed for a researcher; critical reading of a journal article; how to manage a literature review: resources used, information search with databases, full text access; reference writing.The students will use these information literacy skills along their studies as well as in their future jobs.

  12. Analysis of the Nascent Tech-entrepreneurs and Their Entrepreneurial Process——Based on the Micro-level Random Sampling Data from CPSED

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yu-li; LONG Dan; YANG Jun; TIAN Li

    2011-01-01

    Technological entrepreneurship has received more and more attention due to its great contribution to economic development,innovation and job creation.There are millions of new tech-ventures created every year.Therefore,it is important to explore how new tech-ventures come into being,and how the characteristics of nascent tech-entrepreneurs and their behavioral patterns affect the government and entrepreneurs in practice.

  13. Emerging Occupational Patterns in Australia in the Era of Globalisation and Rapid Technological Change: Implications for Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maglen, Leo; Shah, Chandra

    The effects of globalization and rapid technological change on emerging occupational patterns in Australia need to be understood in order to understand their implications for the effects on education and vocational training. Building on the classification scheme introduced by Robert Reich in his 1992 book, the Work of Nations, Australian…

  14. Wearable high-tech gear for homeland security personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkateswarlu, Ronda; Hui Wei, Choo; Li Lian, Ngiam; Lim, E. T.; Zhu, Zijian; Yang, Mingjiang

    2006-05-01

    Recent homeland security problems in various countries indicate that fixed surveillance systems at important places are not adequate enough. As the security threats take new dimensions in future, mobile smart security personnel wearing high-tech gear will form the basic infrastructure. See first, listen first, detect first, track first, communicate first with peers, assess the threat and coordinate with security head-quarters are the functions of high-tech gear. This paper proposes a high-tech gear involving (i) hands-free and obtrusion-free textile-based wearable microphone array to capture users voice and interface with body-worn computer, (ii) microphone arrays embedded in textiles to listen and record others voices from a distance, (iii) miniature cameras embedded in the shirt to provide the user with omni vision (iv) wireless personal display as GUI hidden in textile or natural glasses, (v) GPS and body area network for positional awareness for information in the form of text or textile integrated, (vi) reconfigurable HW/SW for all the above functions configured in the form of a usual belt. The main focus of this paper is how to configure the high-tech gear with all these sophisticated functions to disappear into the natural wearables of the user giving him normal look in the public. This project is sponsored by Defence Science & Technology Agency, Ministry of Defence, Singapore. This paper covers multi-discipline technologies at system level, hence not possible to go into details of any subsystem. The main objective of this paper is to share our thoughts and get feedback. Progress and some critical design issues are discussed in this paper.

  15. Hi-tech products marketing and competitive advantage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perović Jelena

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The company today, in causes turbulent environment and intensive integrations must cooperate, accept and develop high technology in order to achieve needs of customers. It's only way that companies replay on challenge global environment, decrease costs of investment per capita, decrease the risk, captivate new market and held competitive in causes of global market. High tech technology marketing function is help that results of new technology transfer on economy. Their function is reach need of customers, too. Positive influence of technology is the highest in area of production costs and productivity. Speed years are in front of our and it demands larger productivity, which primary source must be technology changes. High technology marketing is the most provocative framework for take competitive advantage, answer on global change and way of permanent reach rigorous need of customers.

  16. Development of a data capture tool for researching tech entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jakob Axel Bejbro; Howard, Thomas J.; McAloone, Tim C.

    2014-01-01

    Startups play a crucial role in exploiting the commercial advantages created by new, advanced technologies. Surprisingly, the processes by which the entrepreneur commercialises these technologies are largely undescribed - partly due to the absence of appropriate process data capture tools....... This paper elucidates the requirements for such tools by drawing on knowledge of the entrepreneurial phenomenon and by building on the existing research tools used in design research. On this basis, the development of a capture method for tech startup processes is described and its potential discussed....

  17. 科技型企业技术创新发展动因研究%RESEARCH ON THE MOTIVATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT FOR SCI-TECH ENTERPRISES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕琼媛

    2016-01-01

    随着科技的进步和经济全球化的高速发展,依靠技术创新来推动经济发展已成为社会经济发展的主流趋势,社会各界对技术创新发展的关注度越来越高,国内外对技术创新驱动的研究取得了一系列的成果。运用扎根理论对典型案例进行技术创新驱动的扎根分析,总结出科技型企业所具有的8大共性驱动因素,这8个共性驱动因素相互关联,形成技术创新驱动模型。适应市场发展要求作为企业运作的核心目标是推动企业进行技术创新的核心力量,紧跟市场动向是企业创新发展的首要任务。%With the rapid expansion of scientific and technological advances and economic globalization,rel-ying on technological innovation to promote economic development has become the main trend of social and e-conomic development,greater attention are paid to the development of technological innovation by all circles of the community and a series of achievements have been made in innovation-driven research home and abroad. Based on grounded theory,the paper conducts a grounded analysis of typical cases with technology-driven inno-vation,sums up 8 common driving factors of science and technology enterprises,and the 8 common driving fac-tors are related to each other,forming a technological innovation driven model.As the core target of business operations,market aims at promoting the core strength of enterprise technology innovation,thus,closely follow-ing the market trend is the primary task of enterprise innovation and development.

  18. Introducing the Clean-Tech Adoption Model: A California Case Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijlveld, P.C. (Paul); Riezebos, P. (Peter); Wierstra, E. (Erik)

    2012-01-01

    Abstract. The Clean-Tech Adoption Model (C-TAM) explains the adoption process of clean technology. Based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Usage of Technology (UTAUT) combined with qualitative research and empirical data gathering, the model predicts adoption based on the perceived quality, ef

  19. TOOLS TO MINIMIZE RISK UNDER DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    AVDONIN BORIS N.; BATKOVSKY ALEXANDR M.; BATKOVSKY MIKHAIL A.

    2014-01-01

    The article describes the methodological bases and the economic and mathematical tools to minimize technological risks developing hightech products. A new, more efficient organization of the process of developing high-tech products, as well as tools for assessing the technical and economic efficiency of new technologies introduced on manufacturers of these products is offered.

  20. Human spaceflight technology needs-a foundation for JSC's technology strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stecklein, J. M.

    Human space exploration has always been heavily influenced by goals to achieve a specific mission on a specific schedule. This approach drove rapid technology development, the rapidity of which added risks and became a major driver for costs and cost uncertainty. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is now approaching the extension of human presence throughout the solar system by balancing a proactive yet less schedule-driven development of technology with opportunistic scheduling of missions as the needed technologies are realized. This approach should provide cost effective, low risk technology development that will enable efficient and effective manned spaceflight missions. As a first step, the NASA Human Spaceflight Architecture Team (HAT) has identified a suite of critical technologies needed to support future manned missions across a range of destinations, including in cis-lunar space, near earth asteroid visits, lunar exploration, Mars moons, and Mars exploration. The challenge now is to develop a strategy and plan for technology development that efficiently enables these missions over a reasonable time period, without increasing technology development costs unnecessarily due to schedule pressure, and subsequently mitigating development and mission risks. NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC), as the nation's primary center for human exploration, is addressing this challenge through an innovative approach in allocating Internal Research and Development funding to projects. The HAT Technology Needs (Tech Needs) Database has been developed to correlate across critical technologies and the NASA Office of Chief Technologist Technology Area Breakdown Structure (TABS). The TechNeeds Database illuminates that many critical technologies may support a single technical capability gap, that many HAT technology needs may map to a single TABS technology discipline, and that a single HAT technology need may map to multiple TABS technology disciplines. Th

  1. Rapid Manufacturing Technology for Precision Casting MouldBased on Selective Laser Sintering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白培康; 程军; 王建宏; 刘斌

    2004-01-01

    The selective laser sintering (SLS) technique is introduced. A new type of rapid prototyping material (PCPI) has been developed, which can be used to produce precision casting mould directly and rapidly from a CAD model by the selective sintering of successive layers of PCPI with a laser beam. In comparison with conventional manufacturing methods, prominent features of this technique include high forming rate, low development cost and good flexibility. The rapid manufacturing process of precision casting mould based on SLS is discussed.

  2. Advanced Manufacturing Technologies (AMT): Modular Rapidly Manufactured SmallSat Element

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Rapidly fabricated, modular and integrated small satellite subsystems will be developed from digital fabrication workflows. The following are planned modular...

  3. 快速成形技术在快速模具制造中的相关应用%Application of rapid prototyping technology in the rapid tooling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文建

    2013-01-01

      This paper first introduces the background of rapid tooling, leads to rapid prototyping technology; subse-quently described in detail the characteristics of rapid prototyping technology and rapid prototyping process; Last elaborat-ed the rapid prototyping technology in the rapid tooling.%  文章首先介绍快速模具制造出现的背景,引出快速成形技术;随后对快速成形技术的特点及快速成形工艺方法进行详细描述;最后阐述下快速成形技术在快速模具制造中的应用。

  4. Design and test challenges in Nano-scale analog and mixed CMOS technology

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The continuous increase of integration densities in Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor (CMOS)technology has driven the rapid growth of very large scale integrated (VLSI) circuit for today's high-tech electronics industries from consumer products to telecommunications and computers. As CMOS technologies are scaled down into the nano meter range, analog and mixed integrated circuit (IC) design and testing have become a real challenge to ensure the functionality and quality of the product. ...

  5. 技术信息获取、失败学习与高科技新创企业创新绩效%Technological Information Acquisition, Learning from Failure and Hi-tech New Venture Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓宇

    2012-01-01

    基于组织学习视角,构建了"技术信息获取-失败学习行为-企业创新绩效"的理论模型,并通过对142家高科技新创企业的问卷调查,验证了理论假设。研究发现:技术信息获取对新创企业创新绩效有正向影响;技术信息获取对新创企业失败学习有正向影响;失败学习对新创企业创新绩效有正向影响。本文对研究结论和意义进行了分析与讨论。%The paper proposed a theoretical model based on organizational learning theory, examining the relationship of TIA, learning from failure and innovative performance. Theoretical hypothesis are tested using a sample of 142 high-tech new ventures. Empirical results revealed that the TIA positively influences the innovative performance, the TIA positively influences the learning behaviors from failure, and learning from failure positively influences the innovation performance of hi-tech new ventures. Theoretical and managerial implications of these findings are discussed in the conclusion of the paper.

  6. Raising Generation Tech Preparing Your Children for a Media-Fueled World

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, Jim

    2012-01-01

    Today's children are being raised as 'digital natives' in a world dominated by popular culture and technology. TV shows, computers, video games, social networking sites, advertisements, and cell phones too often have an unnecessarily strong-and negative? influence on children.  But pulling the plug just isn't an option in a world where being connected is essential for success. In Raising Generation Tech,  noted parenting and new-media expert Dr. Jim Taylor explores how popular culture and technology shape children's lives. The essential message from Raising Generation Tech is that excessive

  7. Shaking Up Biotech/Pharma: Can Cues Be Taken from the Tech Industry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, C Katherine

    2017-06-01

    The biotech and pharma (biotech/pharma) industry is in dire need of finding ways to increase efficacy, efficiency, and affordability of its products. The information and technology industry ("tech") industry, which is an industry similarly founded on inventions and innovation, may provide some food for thought. This perspective will demonstrate the shift that biotech/pharma is already making and will propose that the industry has an opportunity to compel change by adopting some aspects of the tech industry with regards to models for technology/product development and leadership attributes.

  8. FinTech Market Development Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalmykova Ekaterina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fast development of technologies has led to emergence of the new market – FinTech – which is very attractive for investors today. By now this market has a great number of different concepts: P2P-crediting, E-wallets, Bitcoins, mPOS-acquiring, T-commerce, mobile banks, etc. Many of these tools have already heavily entered our ordinary life. People can obtain any credits through special services on the Internet from other users without participation of banks, pay by credit card using mobile devices, and get information about expenses and incomes according to the card anywhere in the world. Users do not need to go to banks anymore and to spend their time for credit arrangements, currency exchange, to look for ATMs to remove cash. Purchases on the Internet can be paid not only in rubles, but also in new digital currency. These tools make life easier, however, they pose a serious threat for banks. Now, bank institutions should create more convenient and utility services for the clients to keep clients. Therefore, bank and credit systems start to change actively.

  9. Rapid and accurate biofuel moisture content gauging using magnetic resonance measurement technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaervinen, T.

    2013-04-15

    Biomass is extensively utilised in energy production and as a raw material, such as for the production of liquid biofuels. All those processes will benefit if the moisture content of bio material is known in advance as accurately as possible under transient circumstances. Biofuel trade is increasingly based on the calorific value of fuels. In the first step, this also increases the need for rapid and accurate moisture content determination. During the last few years, large biofuel standardisation has been implemented, emphasising biofuel quality control at all stages of the utilisation chain. In principle, the moisture instrumental measurement can be utilised by many technologies and procedures. Typical techniques are infrared, radiofrequency, microwave, radiometric, electrical conductivity, capacitance, and impedance. Nuclear magnetic resonance (MR) and thermal neutron absorption are also applied. The MR measurement principle has been known and utilised already since the early 1950s. It has become the basic instrumental analysis tool in chemistry. It is also well-known as a very accurate method for analysing most compounds, especially substances containing hydrogen. The utilisation of MR metering is expanded extensively to medical diagnostics as a form of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Because of the precision of the MR principle, there have for a long time been efforts to apply it in new and different areas, and to make more user-friendly, smaller, and even portable devices. Such a device was designed by Vaisala a few years ago. VTT has utilised Vaisala's MR prototype for approximately one year for moisture content measurement of different biofuels. The first step in the use of an MR device for moisture determination was the definition of its measurement accuracy compared to the standard method (EN 14774). Those tests proved that the absolute precision seems to be comparable to the standard moisture content measurement method. It was also found out that

  10. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Topics covered include: Beat-to-Beat Blood Pressure Monitor; Measurement Techniques for Clock Jitter; Lightweight, Miniature Inertial Measurement System; Optical Density Analysis of X-Rays Utilizing Calibration Tooling to Estimate Thickness of Parts; Fuel Cell/Electrochemical Cell Voltage Monitor; Anomaly Detection Techniques with Real Test Data from a Spinning Turbine Engine-Like Rotor; Measuring Air Leaks into the Vacuum Space of Large Liquid Hydrogen Tanks; Antenna Calibration and Measurement Equipment; Glass Solder Approach for Robust, Low-Loss, Fiber-to-Waveguide Coupling; Lightweight Metal Matrix Composite Segmented for Manufacturing High-Precision Mirrors; Plasma Treatment to Remove Carbon from Indium UV Filters; Telerobotics Workstation (TRWS) for Deep Space Habitats; Single-Pole Double-Throw MMIC Switches for a Microwave Radiometer; On Shaft Data Acquisition System (OSDAS); ASIC Readout Circuit Architecture for Large Geiger Photodiode Arrays; Flexible Architecture for FPGAs in Embedded Systems; Polyurea-Based Aerogel Monoliths and Composites; Resin-Impregnated Carbon Ablator: A New Ablative Material for Hyperbolic Entry Speeds; Self-Cleaning Particulate Prefilter Media; Modular, Rapid Propellant Loading System/Cryogenic Testbed; Compact, Low-Force, Low-Noise Linear Actuator; Loop Heat Pipe with Thermal Control Valve as a Variable Thermal Link; Process for Measuring Over-Center Distances; Hands-Free Transcranial Color Doppler Probe; Improving Balance Function Using Low Levels of Electrical Stimulation of the Balance Organs; Developing Physiologic Models for Emergency Medical Procedures Under Microgravity; PMA-Linked Fluorescence for Rapid Detection of Viable Bacterial Endospores; Portable Intravenous Fluid Production Device for Ground Use; Adaptation of a Filter Assembly to Assess Microbial Bioburden of Pressurant Within a Propulsion System; Multiplexed Force and Deflection Sensing Shell Membranes for Robotic Manipulators; Whispering Gallery Mode

  11. Economic Migrants in a Global Labour Market: A Report on the Recruitment and Retention of Asian Computer Professionals by Canadian High Tech Firms. CPRN Discussion Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Badrinath

    The recruitment and retention of Asian computer professionals by Canadian high-tech companies was examined by interviewing 8 Canadian-born information technology (IT) workers, 47 Asian-born IT workers, and 8 human resource (HR) professionals employed by high-tech companies in Ottawa. Of the 47 Asians, 33 stated that they did not know much about…

  12. Comparing Safari Tech Books Online and Books24x7 E-Book Collections: A Case Study from the University of British Columbia Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsky, Eugene; Schattman, Lisa; Greenwood, Aleteia

    2009-01-01

    Most academic libraries are seeking to provide electronic access to the very dynamic and changing field of technology related material. "Safari Tech Books Online" and "Books24x7" are the major e-book collections in this area. We compared the "Safari Tech Books Online" and "Books24x7" e-book packages as to their usefulness for the University of…

  13. Preventing Tech Aches: Using Smart Phones Wisely

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Media Guidelines Copyright Permissions Preventing Tech Aches: Using Smart Phones Wisely BETHESDA, MD (Dec. 26, 2013) — If you received a new smart phone or tablet this holiday season, chances are you’ ...

  14. Human capital in low-tech manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Teis; Winther, Lars; Hansen, Ronnie Fibæk

    2014-01-01

    capital appears to be equally important for economic development in low-tech industries and, second, that the divide between the large urban regions, especially Copenhagen, and the rest of the country plays the primary role in explaining the geography of human capital. These findings stress the relevance......An essential feature associated with the rise of the knowledge economy has been the increasing focus on the importance of human capital as a precondition for economic growth. Human capital has been found to have a positive impact on the economic growth of high-tech industries, however......, the influence of human capital on the development of low-tech industries is yet to be analysed. This paper provides such an examination of low-tech industries based on an analysis of employment data within manufacturing industries in Denmark in the period 1993–2006. The findings highlight, first, that human...

  15. 77AESW/EEV Emerging Technologies and P2 Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 77AESW/EEV Emerging Technologies and P2 Efforts 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...Response Program Initiative (R2PI) AFRL/ML ManTech < 18 Mo Ref: http://www.ml.afrl.af. mil/ mlm /r2pi.html ~$6M /yr RRF- Rapid Response Funds PB

  16. Rapid process development of chromatographic process using direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry as a process analytical technology tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Binjun; Chen, Teng; Xu, Zhilin; Qu, Haibin

    2014-06-01

    The concept of quality by design (QbD) is widely applied in the process development of pharmaceuticals. However, the additional cost and time have caused some resistance about QbD implementation. To show a possible solution, this work proposed a rapid process development method, which used direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) as a process analytical technology (PAT) tool for studying the chromatographic process of Ginkgo biloba L., as an example. The breakthrough curves were fast determined by DART-MS at-line. A high correlation coefficient of 0.9520 was found between the concentrations of ginkgolide A determined by DART-MS and HPLC. Based on the PAT tool, the impacts of process parameters on the adsorption capacity were discovered rapidly, which showed a decreased adsorption capacity with the increase of the flow rate. This work has shown the feasibility and advantages of integrating PAT into QbD implementation for rapid process development.

  17. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Topics include: ISS Ammonia Leak Detection Through X-Ray Fluorescence; A System for Measuring the Sway of the Vehicle Assembly Building; Fast, High-Precision Readout Circuit for Detector Arrays; Victim Simulator for Victim Detection Radar; Hydrometeor Size Distribution Measurements by Imaging the Attenuation of a Laser Spot; Quasi-Linear Circuit; High-Speed, High-Resolution Time-to-Digital Conversion; Li-Ion Battery and Supercapacitor Hybrid Design for Long Extravehicular Activities; Ultrasonic Low-Friction Containment Plate for Thermal and Ultrasonic Stir Weld Processes; High-Powered, Ultrasonically Assisted Thermal Stir Welding; Next-Generation MKIII Lightweight HUT/Hatch Assembly; Centrifugal Sieve for Gravity-Level-Independent Size; Segregation of Granular Materials; Ion Exchange Technology Development in Support of the Urine Processor Assembly; Nickel-Graphite Composite Compliant Interface and/or Hot Shoe Material; UltraSail CubeSat Solar Sail Flight Experiment; Mechanism for Deploying a Long, Thin-Film Antenna From a Rover; Counterflow Regolith Heat Exchanger; Acquisition and Retaining Granular Samples via a Rotating Coring Bit; Very-Low-Cost, Rugged Vacuum System; Medicine Delivery Device With Integrated Sterilization and Detection; FRET-Aptamer Assays for Bone Marker Assessment, C-Telopeptide, Creatinine, and Vitamin D; Multimode Directional Coupler for Utilization of Harmonic Frequencies from TWTAs; Dual-Polarization, Multi-Frequency Antenna Array for use with Hurricane Imaging Radiometer; Complementary Barrier Infrared Detector (CBIRD) Contact Methods; Autonomous Control of Space Nuclear Reactors; High-Power, High-Speed Electro-Optic Pockels Cell Modulator; Covariance Analysis Tool (G-CAT) for Computing Ascent, Descent, and Landing Errors; Enigma Version 12; Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris (MMOD) Shield Ballistic Limit Analysis Program; Spitzer Telemetry Processing System; Planetary Protection Bioburden Analysis Program; Wing Leading Edge RCC Rapid

  18. NASA Tech Briefs, February 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Tech Briefs are short announcements of innovations originating from research and development activities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. They emphasize information considered likely to be transferable across industrial, regional, or disciplinary lines and are issued to encourage commercial application. Topics covered include: Measuring Low Concentrations of Liquid Water in Soil; The Mars Science Laboratory Touchdown Test Facility; Non-Contact Measurement of Density and Thickness Variation in Dielectric Materials; Compact Microwave Fourier Spectrum Analyzer; InP Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor Amplifiers to 255 GHz; Combinatorial Generation of Test Suites; In-Phase Power-Combined Frequency Tripler at 300 GHz; Electronic System for Preventing Airport Runway Incursions; Smaller but Fully Functional Backshell for Cable Connector; Glove-Box or Desktop Virtual-Reality System; Composite Layer Manufacturing with Fewer Interruptions; Improved Photoresist Coating for Making CNT Field Emitters; A Simplified Diagnostic Method for Elastomer Bond Durability; Complex Multifunctional Polymer/Carbon-Nanotube Composites; Very High Output Thermoelectric Devices Based on ITO Nanocomposites; Reducing Unsteady Loads on a Piggyback Miniature Submarine; Ultrasonic/Sonic Anchor; Grooved Fuel Rings for Nuclear Thermal Rocket Engines; Pulsed Operation of an Ion Accelerator; Autonomous Instrument Placement for Mars Exploration Rovers; Mission and Assets Database; TCP/IP Interface for the Satellite Orbit Analysis Program (SOAP); Trajectory Calculator for Finite-Radius Cutter on a Lathe; Integrated System Health Management Development Toolkit.

  19. 美国先进技术计划绩效评估实践及对中国863计划绩效评估的启示%The Enlightenment from the Performance Evaluation Practices of the Advanced Technology Program (ATP)to the High-tech R & D Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟启江

    2014-01-01

    对美国先进技术计划的绩效评估进行了系统介绍与分析,具体包括绩效评估管理机制、绩效评估方法、绩效评估指标体系及综合绩效评级系统。在此基础上,提出中国开展高技术发展研究计划绩效评估的建议。%The thesis puts forward comments on how to implement the performance evaluation on the national high-tech R&D program (863 Program)based on the comprehensive analysis of the performance evaluation practices of the advanced technology program (ATP),including the performance evaluation management mechanism,the methodology,the per-formance indicator portfolios and the comprehensive performance rate system.

  20. Evolving Technology, Shifting Expectations: Cultivating Pedagogy for a Rapidly Changing GIS Landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricker, Britta; Thatcher, Jim

    2017-01-01

    As humans and natural processes continuously reshape the surface of the Earth, there is an unceasing need to document and analyze them through the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The public is gaining more access to spatial technologies that were once only available to highly trained professionals. With technological evolution comes a…

  1. A Survey of Hardware and Software Technologies for the Rapid Development of Multimedia Instructional Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesan, Nanda

    2008-01-01

    A survey of hardware and software technologies was conducted to identify suitable technologies for the development of instructional modules representing various instructional approaches. The approaches modeled were short PowerPoint presentations, chalk-and-talk type of lectures and software tutorials. The survey focused on identifying application…

  2. A Survey of Hardware and Software Technologies for the Rapid Development of Multimedia Instructional Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesan, Nanda

    2008-01-01

    A survey of hardware and software technologies was conducted to identify suitable technologies for the development of instructional modules representing various instructional approaches. The approaches modeled were short PowerPoint presentations, chalk-and-talk type of lectures and software tutorials. The survey focused on identifying application…

  3. Hi-Tech Skills Anticipation for Sustainable Development in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery Gurtov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available It is evident that there is a heightened importance in Russia attributed to ensuring that students develop skills, which will enable them to be more productive and engaged citizens. This article deals with a skills anticipation methodology for seven hi-tech industries in Russia that resulted in the development of models for both soft and hard skills. There is a variety of widely applied methods – qualitative projection of labor market parameters, desk studies, documents analysis, foresight sessions, employers' and experts' surveys. As a result, new skills models are to help the specialists to effectively overcome the challenges, apply innovative decisions, and increase their technological knowledge.

  4. Pudong:Building a Hi-tech Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiJialin; WuXinyi

    2003-01-01

    The approach of the knowledge economy means that Shanghai-China's most international city-is advancing towards world metropolis status.As the Chinese saying goes, “In the north is Zhongguancun,and in the south is Zhangjiangyuan.”In order to promote their respective economic growth,both Beijing and Shanghai focus on high technologies.Their importance,as represented by the Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park,is daily becoming more prominent in Pudong,and consequently,the whole of Shanghai.

  5. On Independent Innovation Capability of Domestic Enterprises——Data Analysis Based on the Export of High - tech Products%对我国企业自主创新能力的探讨——基于高技术产品出口数据分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜永廷

    2011-01-01

    从高技术产品占对外贸易的比重、贸易竞争力指数、贸易方式、出口的企业类型分布以及高技术产业增加值的企业类型分布等角度,分析我国高技术产品的出口情况.认为我国高技术产品出口及其占世界份额的迅猛增长,实质是建立在外资绝对控制的、对国外高技术产品进口高度依赖的、加工贸易占主导地位基础之上的.我国高技术产品出口繁荣表象的背后,是我国企业自主创新能力的不足和对发达国家严重的技术依赖.我国企业的自主创新能力亟待提升.%This article analyzes China's exports of high -tech products from the following points of view: the proportion of foreign trade which high - tech exports account for, trade competitiveness index, modes of trade, distribution of export business types, distribution types of value - added high - tech enterprises.The paper puts forward that China's high - tech exports and their rapid growth are based on absolute control of foreign capital, highly dependent on imports of foreign high -tech products, and dominated by processing trade.Behind the prosperity of high - tech exports, domestic enterprises are lacking in independent innovation capacity and highly depending on the technologies from developed countries.The independent innovation capability of domestic enterprises urgently needs upgrading.

  6. Enabling Smart Grid Cosimulation Studies: Rapid Design and Development of the Technologies and Controls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Timothy M.; Kadavil, Rahul; Palmintier, Bryan; Suryanarayanan, Siddharth; Maciejewski, Anthony A.; Siegel, Howard Jay; Chong, Edwin K. P.; Hale, Elaine

    2016-03-01

    The 21st century electric power grid is transforming with an unprecedented increase in demand and increase in new technologies. In the United States Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, Title XIII sets the tenets for modernizing the electricity grid through what is known as the 'Smart Grid Initiative.' This initiative calls for increased design, deployment, and integration of distributed energy resources, smart technologies and appliances, and advanced storage devices. The deployment of these new technologies requires rethinking and re-engineering the traditional boundaries between different electric power system domains.

  7. Design and optimization of the micro-engine turbine rotor manufacturing using the rapid prototyping technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vdovin, R. A.; Smelov, V. G.

    2017-02-01

    This work describes the experience in manufacturing the turbine rotor for the micro-engine. It demonstrates the design principles for the complex investment casting process combining the use of the ProCast software and the rapid prototyping techniques. At the virtual modelling stage, in addition to optimized process parameters, the casting structure was improved to obtain the defect-free section. The real production stage allowed demonstrating the performance and fitness of rapid prototyping techniques for the manufacture of geometrically-complex engine-building parts.

  8. High Speed and Rapid State Switching ESI- TOF- MS Technology and Its Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi- da Shen; Bruce Andrien; Craig Whitehouse; Staffan Renlund; Henrik Wadensten; Jun-lin Mao

    2001-01-01

    @@ Due to new emerging fast separation technology and the great demand of high sample throughput in discovery, large number of samples now needed to be analyzed by mass spectrometer with high conformation accuracy.

  9. NASA Tech Briefs, July 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Dielectrophoresis-Based Particle Sensor Using Nanoelectrode Arrays; Multi-Dimensional Damage Detection for Surfaces and Structures; ULTRA: Underwater Localization for Transit and Reconnaissance Autonomy; Autonomous Cryogenic Leak Detector for Improving Launch Site Operations; Submillimeter Planetary Atmospheric Chemistry Exploration Sounder; Method for Reduction of Silver Biocide Plating on Metal Surfaces; Silicon Micromachined Microlens Array for THz Antennas; Forward-Looking IED Detector Ground Penetrating Radar; Fully Printed, Flexible, Phased Array Antenna for Lunar Surface Communication, Battery Charge Equalizer with Transformer Array; An Efficient, Highly Flexible Multi-Channel Digital Downconverter Architecture; Dimmable Electronic Ballast for a Gas Discharge Lamp; Conductive Carbon Nanotube Inks for Use with Desktop Inkjet Printing Technology; Enhanced Schapery Theory Software Development for Modeling Failure of Fiber-Reinforced Laminates; High-Performance, Low-Temperature-Operating, Long-Lifetime Aerospace Lubricants; Carbon Nanotube Microarrays Grown on Nanoflake Substrates; Differential Muon Tomography to Continuously Monitor Changes in the Composition of Subsurface Fluids; Microgravity Drill and Anchor System; 20 Granular Media-Based Tunable Passive Vibration Suppressor; 21 Miga Aero Actuator and 2D Machined Mechanical Binary Latch; Micro-XRF for In Situ Geological Exploration of Other Planets; Hydrogen-Enhanced Lunar Oxygen Extraction and Storage Using Only Solar Power; Uplift of Ionospheric Oxygen Ions During Extreme Magnetic Storms; Miniaturized, High-Speed, Modulated X-Ray Source; Hollow-Fiber Spacesuit Water Membrane Evaporator 25 High-Power Single-Mode 2.65-micrometers InGaAsSb/AlInGaAsSb Diode Lasers; Optical Device for Converting a Laser Beam Into Two Co-aligned but Oppositely Directed Beams; A Hybrid Fiber/Solid-State Regenerative Amplifier with Tunable Pulse Widths for Satellite Laser Ranging; X-Ray Diffractive Optics; SynGenics Optimization

  10. Current and emerging technologies for rapid detection and characterization of Salmonella in poultry and poultry products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Si Hong; Aydin, Muhsin; Khatiwara, Anita; Dolan, Maureen C; Gilmore, David F; Bouldin, Jennifer L; Ahn, Soohyoun; Ricke, Steven C

    2014-04-01

    Salmonella is the leading cause of foodborne illnesses in the United States, and one of the main contributors to salmonellosis is the consumption of contaminated poultry and poultry products. Since deleterious effects of Salmonella on public health and the economy continue to occur, there is an ongoing need to develop more advanced detection methods that can identify Salmonella accurately and rapidly in foods before they reach consumers. Rapid detection and identification methods for Salmonella are considered to be an important component of strategies designed to prevent poultry and poultry product-associated illnesses. In the past three decades, there have been increasing efforts towards developing and improving rapid pathogen detection and characterization methodologies for application to poultry and poultry products. In this review, we discuss molecular methods for detection, identification and genetic characterization of Salmonella associated with poultry and poultry products. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of the established and emerging rapid detection and characterization methods are addressed for Salmonella in poultry and poultry products. The methods with potential application to the industry are highlighted in this review.

  11. A Rapid Auto-Indexing Technology for Designing Readable E-Learning Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Pao-Ta; Liao, Yuan-Hsun; Su, Ming-Hsiang; Cheng, Po-Jen; Pai, Chun-Hsuan

    2012-01-01

    A rapid scene indexing method is proposed to improve retrieval performance for students accessing instructional videos. This indexing method is applied to anchor suitable indices to the instructional video so that students can obtain several small lesson units to gain learning mastery. The method also regulates online course progress. These…

  12. Education in Management of Data Created by New Technologies for Rapid Product Development in SMEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, A.; Aitchison, D.

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents outcomes from a research programme aimed at developing new tools and methodologies to assist small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in rapid product development (RPD). The authors suggest that current education strategies for the teaching of RPD tools and methodologies may be of limited value unless those strategies also…

  13. Education in Management of Data Created by New Technologies for Rapid Product Development in SMEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, A.; Aitchison, D.

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents outcomes from a research programme aimed at developing new tools and methodologies to assist small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in rapid product development (RPD). The authors suggest that current education strategies for the teaching of RPD tools and methodologies may be of limited value unless those strategies also…

  14. Rapid inducible protein displacement in Plasmodium in vivo and in vitro using knocksideways technology [version 1; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie R. Hughes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A deeper understanding of the biology of the Plasmodium parasite is essential in order to identify targets for interventions, with the ultimate aim of eliminating malaria. Determining the function(s of essential proteins in Plasmodium has, until recently, been hampered by the lack of efficient conditional systems to abrogate proteins. We report the adaptation of a conditional technology, knocksideways (KS, for use in Plasmodium berghei, which can potentially rapidly inactivate proteins of interest through relocalisation. The system is induced using rapamycin, which allows for KS both in vitro and in vivo and is effective more rapidly than any other reported system. KS utilises pairs of fluorescent tags that facilitate live imaging and allows for rapid confirmation of efficient protein redistribution on live parasites, allowing for streamlined workflows. We demonstrate the characteristics of the system using transgenically expressed cytoplasmic GFP and provide proof of principle by inducibly redistributing a number of proteins with different native, subcellular locations.  We also demonstrate that KS can be applied to both mammalian and insect stages of Plasmodium. KS expands the range of (conditional technologies for genetic manipulation of malaria parasites and offers the potential to be further developed for medium throughput phenotype screens.

  15. Are You What You Eat? An inside Look at High-Tech Food

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Roxanne Greitz

    2007-01-01

    If we abide by the familiar saying "you are what you eat," it is understandable that people may be concerned with the incredible advances in food science technology and their possible impacts on human health. For example, in recent years high-tech scientific processes such as genetic modification, irradiation, and cloning have all been used to…

  16. Determining Studies Conducted upon Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using High-Tech Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliçin, Özge; Kaya, Ali

    2017-01-01

    This study explores 67 experimental research articles written about children with Autism Spectrum Disorder using high-tech devices. The studies in this research were accessed through EBSCO, Academic Search Complete, ERIC, and Uludag University online search engines using keywords such as "autism and technology", "autism and…

  17. Sims to Teen Second Life: Transition of the SimSavvy Girls to Tech Savvy Isle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Barbara Z.; King, Elizabeth; Hayes, Elisabeth

    2008-01-01

    In its second year, the Tech Savvy Girls Project adopted "Teen Second Life" as a platform for interest-driven learning and designed projects and objects around themes important to them and their futures as technology-using, creative people. By using the building tools in an open-ended virtual world, they were able to pursue interests common to…

  18. A World of Competitors: Assessing the US High-Tech Advantage and the Process of Globalisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglass, John Aubrey

    2008-01-01

    Research universities throughout the world are part of a larger effort by countries to bolster science and technological innovation and compete economically. The United States remains highly competitive as a source of high-tech innovation because of a number of market positions, many the results of long-term investments in institutions (such as…

  19. Organizational Attributes and Learning beyond the Boundaries: Comparative Case Studies of Two High-Tech Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Jing; Wu, Sizong; Li, Jun

    2008-01-01

    This study compares two high-tech firms in terms of their differences in organizational characteristics and learning activities beyond the boundaries. It finds that the larger company continuously develops new technology to achieve long-term survival through a balance between exploration and exploitation while the smaller enterprise grows quickly…

  20. Spaces of Innovation: Experiences from Two Small High-Tech Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiskanen, Tuula; Heiskanen, Hannu

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: By comparing two small high-tech firms specialising in medical technology this article seeks to answer the following questions: What are the key characteristics of innovation processes in the case firms? How do the mutual relationships between mental, social and physical spaces explain the different pathways in the innovation processes in…

  1. Engineering for problem solving in future: Eco-social market economy and eco-social tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The paper differentiates approaches in technology (end-of-pipe, cleaner production, industrial ecology, zero emission and eco-social tech) and compares them in respect to the problem solving capacity on the ecological as well as social dimension by showing the eco-impact reduction and job creation. Eco-social-tech represents the approach with highest problem solution as it is based on “eco-social market economy”, which will the replace free market economy. The deep background of these innovations is “ecosophy”, the wisdom of nature, which serves as guideline for eco-restructuring the world.

  2. Current Situations of Agricultural Sci-tech Innovation and Development Path in Nantong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Chun-xin; SUN Qing-shan; QIU Hai-rong; ZHU Hai-yan; TANG Ming-xia; XUE Chen-xia

    2012-01-01

    Nantong is a typical region of large population and little land.The conflict between resources and environment is growing.Thus,the improvement of independent innovation ability based on current situations,oriented towards the future and relying on scientific and technological force directly decides the effect of strong economic city construction.Through analysis on achievements of agricultural sci-tech innovation works,existing problems and demand for developing modern agriculture in Nantong,we present development ideas,target orientation and basic principles of agricultural sci-tech innovation works in Nantong,and put forward eight paths.

  3. CNPC to Implement Eight Sci-tech Projects for Promoting Onshore Petroleum Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Yongkang

    1996-01-01

    @@ During the Ninth Five-year Plan (1996-2000),petroleum sci-tech progress should meet the requirements of national economic growth and establishment of socialist market economic system. That means we should focus on economic efficiency to accelerate the development of onshore oil industry, implement actively the strategies of science and technologies to spur oil production, take key problems in petroleum production and construction as the major targets of sci-tech research, and push ahead with transformation of techniques into productive forces.

  4. Rapid Prototyping Technologies and their Applications in Prosthodontics, a Review of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torabi, Kianoosh; Farjood, Ehsan; Hamedani, Shahram

    2015-01-01

    The early computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems were relied exclusively on subtractive methods. In recent years, additive methods by employing rapid prototyping (RP) have progressed rapidly in various fields of dentistry as they have the potential to overcome known drawbacks of subtractive techniques such as fit problems. RP techniques have been exploited to build complex 3D models in medicine since the 1990s. RP has recently proposed successful applications in various dental fields, such as fabrication of implant surgical guides, frameworks for fixed and removable partial dentures, wax patterns for the dental prosthesis, zirconia prosthesis and molds for metal castings, and maxillofacial prosthesis and finally, complete dentures. This paper aimed to offer a comprehensive literature review of various RP methods, particularly in dentistry, that are expected to bring many improvements to the field. A search was made through MEDLINE database and Google scholar search engine. The keywords; ‘rapid prototyping’ and ‘dentistry’ were searched in title/abstract of publications; limited to 2003 to 2013, concerning past decade. The inclusion criterion was the technical researches that predominately included laboratory procedures. The exclusion criterion was meticulous clinical and excessive technical procedures. A total of 106 articles were retrieved, recited by authors and only 50 met the specified inclusion criteria for this review. Selected articles had used rapid prototyping techniques in various fields in dentistry through different techniques. This review depicted the different laboratory procedures employed in this method and confirmed that RP technique have been substantially feasible in dentistry. With advancement in various RP systems, it is possible to benefit from this technique in different dental practices, particularly in implementing dental prostheses for different applications. PMID:25759851

  5. Rapid Prototyping Technologies and their Applications in Prosthodontics, a Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kianoosh Torabi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The early computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM systems were relied exclusively on subtractive methods. In recent years, additive methods by employing rapid prototyping (RP have progressed rapidly in various fields of dentistry as they have the potential to overcome known drawbacks of subtractive techniques such as fit problems. RP techniques have been exploited to build complex 3D models in medicine since the 1990s. RP has recently proposed successful applications in various dental fields, such as fabrication of implant surgical guides, frameworks for fixed and removable partial dentures, wax patterns for the dental prosthesis, zirconia prosthesis and molds for metal castings, and maxillofacial prosthesis and finally, complete dentures. This paper aimed to offer a comprehensive literature review of various RP methods, particularly in dentistry, that are expected to bring many improvements to the field. A search was made through MEDLINE database and Google scholar search engine. The keywords; ‘rapid prototyping’ and ‘dentistry’ were searched in title/abstract of publications; limited to 2003 to 2013, concerning past decade. The inclusion criterion was the technical researches that predominately included laboratory procedures. The exclusion criterion was meticulous clinical and excessive technical procedures. A total of 106 articles were retrieved, recited by authors and only 50 met the specified inclusion criteria for this review. Selected articles had used rapid prototyping techniques in various fields in dentistry through different techniques. This review depicted the different laboratory procedures employed in this method and confirmed that RP technique have been substantially feasible in dentistry. With advancement in various RP systems, it is possible to benefit from this technique in different dental practices, particularly in implementing dental prostheses for different applications.

  6. Research on Nanofabrication Technology of Micro-/Nano-Stereo Rapid Prototyping of PCVD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sandy; TO

    2002-01-01

    At present, the most common micro/nano-scale fabri ca tion processes include the plane silicon process based on IC technology, stereo silicon process, LIGA, quasi-LIGA based on near ultra violet deep lithography, MEMS, energy beam etching and micro/nano-machining, etc. A common problem for t hese processes is the difficulty to fabricate arbitrary form for 3-dimensional micro/nano-parts, devices or mechanisms. To develop advanced MEMS manufacturin g technology, and to achieve fabrication of true 3-dimen...

  7. Use of Tethered Enzymes as a Platform Technology for Rapid Analyte Detection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy Cohen

    Full Text Available Rapid diagnosis for time-sensitive illnesses such as stroke, cardiac arrest, and septic shock is essential for successful treatment. Much attention has therefore focused on new strategies for rapid and objective diagnosis, such as Point-of-Care Tests (PoCT for blood biomarkers. Here we use a biomimicry-based approach to demonstrate a new diagnostic platform, based on enzymes tethered to nanoparticles (NPs. As proof of principle, we use oriented immobilization of pyruvate kinase (PK and luciferase (Luc on silica NPs to achieve rapid and sensitive detection of neuron-specific enolase (NSE, a clinically relevant biomarker for multiple diseases ranging from acute brain injuries to lung cancer. We hypothesize that an approach capitalizing on the speed and catalytic nature of enzymatic reactions would enable fast and sensitive biomarker detection, suitable for PoCT devices.We performed in-vitro, animal model, and human subject studies. First, the efficiency of coupled enzyme activities when tethered to NPs versus when in solution was tested, demonstrating a highly sensitive and rapid detection of physiological and pathological concentrations of NSE. Next, in rat stroke models the enzyme-based assay was able in minutes to show a statistically significant increase in NSE levels in samples taken 1 hour before and 0, 1, 3 and 6 hours after occlusion of the distal middle cerebral artery. Finally, using the tethered enzyme assay for detection of NSE in samples from 20 geriatric human patients, we show that our data match well (r = 0.815 with the current gold standard for biomarker detection, ELISA-with a major difference being that we achieve detection in 10 minutes as opposed to the several hours required for traditional ELISA.Oriented enzyme immobilization conferred more efficient coupled activity, and thus higher assay sensitivity, than non-tethered enzymes. Together, our findings provide proof of concept for using oriented immobilization of active

  8. Use of Tethered Enzymes as a Platform Technology for Rapid Analyte Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Roy; Lata, James P.; Lee, Yurim; Hernández, Jean C. Cruz; Nishimura, Nozomi; Schaffer, Chris B.; Mukai, Chinatsu; Nelson, Jacquelyn L.; Brangman, Sharon A.; Agrawal, Yash; Travis, Alexander J.

    2015-01-01

    Background Rapid diagnosis for time-sensitive illnesses such as stroke, cardiac arrest, and septic shock is essential for successful treatment. Much attention has therefore focused on new strategies for rapid and objective diagnosis, such as Point-of-Care Tests (PoCT) for blood biomarkers. Here we use a biomimicry-based approach to demonstrate a new diagnostic platform, based on enzymes tethered to nanoparticles (NPs). As proof of principle, we use oriented immobilization of pyruvate kinase (PK) and luciferase (Luc) on silica NPs to achieve rapid and sensitive detection of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), a clinically relevant biomarker for multiple diseases ranging from acute brain injuries to lung cancer. We hypothesize that an approach capitalizing on the speed and catalytic nature of enzymatic reactions would enable fast and sensitive biomarker detection, suitable for PoCT devices. Methods and findings We performed in-vitro, animal model, and human subject studies. First, the efficiency of coupled enzyme activities when tethered to NPs versus when in solution was tested, demonstrating a highly sensitive and rapid detection of physiological and pathological concentrations of NSE. Next, in rat stroke models the enzyme-based assay was able in minutes to show a statistically significant increase in NSE levels in samples taken 1 hour before and 0, 1, 3 and 6 hours after occlusion of the distal middle cerebral artery. Finally, using the tethered enzyme assay for detection of NSE in samples from 20 geriatric human patients, we show that our data match well (r = 0.815) with the current gold standard for biomarker detection, ELISA—with a major difference being that we achieve detection in 10 minutes as opposed to the several hours required for traditional ELISA. Conclusions Oriented enzyme immobilization conferred more efficient coupled activity, and thus higher assay sensitivity, than non-tethered enzymes. Together, our findings provide proof of concept for using

  9. Repair of the radial defect of rabbit with polyester/tricalcium phosphate scaffolds prepared by rapid prototyping technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Liang; HU Yun-yu; XIONG Zhuo; WANG Wan-ming; PAN Yu

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effects of repairing rabbit radial defects with polyester/tricalcium phosphate scaffolds prepared by rapid prototyping technology loaded with bovine bone morphogenetic protein (bBMP), and find new carriers for growth factors.Methods: Polyester/tricalcium phosphate scaffolds prepared by rapid prototyping technology loaded with and without bovine BMP were used to repair the 15 mm radial defect in rabbit. Then the results of radiography,histology, scaffolds degrade rates and bone mineral density(BMD) were appraised to examine the effects at the 12th week.Results: At the 12th week postoperatively, all defects treated with bBMP were radiographically repaired. No radius implanted polyester/tricalcium phosphate scaffolds without bBMP showed radiographic and histological union.At experimental groups, longitudinal alignment of lamellar structure was observed histologically at the 12th week,indicating that remodeling of regenerated bone was complete in different degree. Of the three experimental groups, the bony regeneration and remodeling of callus in poly lactide-co-glycolide/tricalcium phosphate (PLGA/TCP) group was the best. The BMD values were beyond 70% of normal value at the 12th week while the PLGA/TCP scaffolds group was the highest, and no abnormalities were observed in the surrounding soft tissue in all groups.Conclusions : Polyester/tricalciumphosphatescaffolds prepared by rapid prototyping technology loaded with bovine BMP can repair a 15 mm radial defect of rabbit. As for the results, the PLGA/TCP scaffold is ideal and better than poly L-lactide-co-D, L-lactide (PDLLA/TCP)scaffold, but the ploy L-lactic acid (PLLA/TCP) is not so good for its low degradation rates.

  10. GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems at Virginia Tech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Douglas [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)

    2011-09-30

    The Virginia Tech GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems (CAFCS) achieved the following objectives in support of the domestic automotive industry: Expanded and updated fuel cell and vehicle technologies education programs; Conducted industry directed research in three thrust areas development and characterization of materials for PEM fuel cells; performance and durability modeling for PEM fuel cells; and fuel cell systems design and optimization, including hybrid and plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicles; Developed MS and Ph.D. engineers and scientists who are pursuing careers related to fuel cells and automotive applications; Published research results that provide industry with new knowledge which contributes to the advancement of fuel cell and vehicle systems commercialization. With support from the Dept. of Energy, the CAFCS upgraded existing graduate course offerings; introduced a hands-on laboratory component that make use of Virginia Tech's comprehensive laboratory facilities, funded 15 GATE Fellowships over a five year period; and expanded our program of industry interaction to improve student awareness of challenges and opportunities in the automotive industry. GATE Center graduate students have a state-of-the-art research experience preparing them for a career to contribute to the advancement fuel cell and vehicle technologies.

  11. Terra-Kleen Response Group, Inc. Solvent Extraction Technology Rapid Commercialization Initiative Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra-Kleen Response Group Inc. (Terra-Kleen), has commercialized a solvent extraction technology that uses a proprietary extraction solvent to transfer organic constituents from soil to a liquid phase in a batch process at ambient temperatures. The proprietary solvent has a rel...

  12. Terra-Kleen Response Group, Inc. Solvent Extraction Technology Rapid Commercialization Initiative Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra-Kleen Response Group Inc. (Terra-Kleen), has commercialized a solvent extraction technology that uses a proprietary extraction solvent to transfer organic constituents from soil to a liquid phase in a batch process at ambient temperatures. The proprietary solvent has a rel...

  13. [Studies on rapid detection of food-borne pathogenic bacteria by nucleic acid testing and related technology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Wei; Wang, Mingzhong; Wang, Xiaoying; Liu, Xiumei

    2008-03-01

    The traditional methods of bacteria isolation, cultivation and identification are time-consuming, which can't meet the needs of the control and prevention of food-borne diseases. Recently, various kinds of rapid methods for food-borne pathogenic bacteria detection have emerged with the prompt development of nucleic acid testing technology. The application studies on polymerase chain reaction and the techniques derived from it, nucleic acid isothermal amplification, oligonucleotide microarray, immunomagnetic separation and DNA biosensing on food-borne pathogenic bacteria including Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterohemorrhagic Escherchia coli, etc. were reviewed.

  14. Tech-Knowledgy & Diverse Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Jennifer M.

    2010-01-01

    "Cognitive" technology tools have been described as "technologies that help transcend the limitation of the mind... in thinking, learning and problem solving activities" (Pea 1985, p. 168). These tools also respond to a user's commands and make mathematical actions more overtly apparent (Zbiek et al. 2007). By definition, these cognitive…

  15. Issues and Trends of Educational Technology Industry Practices in the U. S.:Review of Conversations with Innovators in Techtrends%美国教育技术企业实践的问题与趋势--《TechTrends》期刊教育技术实践人才访谈述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董丽丽; 田兰; 刘美凤

    2016-01-01

    Educational Technology offers broad areas for practices. In order to advance the field, we should also pay close attention to its practices. TechTrends, a journal issued by AECT for many years, set up a column called“Con-versations with innovators in learning and technology” in January 2014. Since then, four practitioners in the field of Educational Technology have been interviewed and asked to share their experiences. Based on existing literatures on Educational Technology business practices, the author analyzed four practitioners’ opinions and found that business/industry has become the major workplace for graduates majorred in educational technology. However, practitioners working in corporateas in the U. S. also encounter lots of difficulties, which include lacking adequate theoretical guid-ance from instructional design, being holding back due to lack of a good feedback loop, failing to keep up with in-creasing complexity of the environment, emerging technologies that post new challenge to instructional designers, as well as contextual constraints as important factors that affect the design process. Future trends of industry practices in the field of educational technology in the U. S. will focus on the use of edu-cational games, social media, mobile learning, learning analytics and MOOCs. In order to optimize learning, in-structional designers should learn to integrate new technologies into training in a systematic and balanced way. There-fore, more studies are in need of the impact of new technologies on learning and using diverse technologies in industry contexts. At the same time, industry practices of educational technology in China have been expanding. More and more graduates majorred in educational technology choose to work in industry, and HPT has been known by more and more people working in business/industry environment. However, current research and talent development still can’ t meet the need of markets. Facing such a huge gap, we as

  16. The Building of Evaluation Indicators and Empowerment Research of High-tech Enterprise’s Technology Innovation Partners%高技术企业技术创新合作伙伴评估指标构建和赋权研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晶

    2014-01-01

    High quality technical innovation partner can improve the success rate of technology innovation.In this article,we constructed a high-tech enterprise’s technology innovation ability evaluation index system,and then used the AHP model and entropy model to decide the weight of index,according to the index weight,the comprehensive score of the cooperative enterprises was calculated and used to choose the best cooperative partner.The results showed that the model was useful to evaluate technology innovation partner.%优质的技术创新伙伴可以提高技术创新的成功率。可以通过在构建高技术企业技术创新能力评价指标体系的基础上,综合运用层次分析模型和熵权模型确定各评价指标的权重,在此基础上计算备选合作企业的综合得分,作为选择技术创新合作伙伴的依据,结果表明该方法在评价技术创新合作伙伴时具有一定的可行性。

  17. 基于TSI578的Rapid IO互连技术%Rapid IO Interconnected Technology Based on TSI578

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冼友伦; 纪小明; 王显跃

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the problem existed in traditional bus, a scheme of serial Rapid IO used in the high-speed signal processing. The framework and advantage of Rapid IO are introduced. According to the protocol Rapid IO, Rapid IO interconnected project is given based on TSI578, which is inspected and implemented. Experimental results show the scheme is effective.%针对传统总线数据传输存在的问题,提出基于Rapid IO在高速信号处理的应用,介绍Rapid IO的体系结构及其性能优势,根据Rapid IO协议,给出了基于TSI578的Rapid IO互连方案,并在实际系统上进行验证与实现。实验结果表明,该方案是有效的。

  18. Hunan Huaxingyu Sensing Technology Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Hunan Huaxingyu Sensing Technology Co., Ltd., is a national key high-tech enterprise. Approved by the High-tech Industrial Development Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology,it engages in scientific research into sensing technology, and its development, production, and applications.

  19. Development of a quantitative rapid diagnostic test for multibacillary leprosy using smart phone technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paula Vaz Cardoso, Ludimila; Dias, Ronaldo Ferreira; Freitas, Aline Araújo; Hungria, Emerith Mayra; Oliveira, Regiane Morillas; Collovati, Marco; Reed, Steven G; Duthie, Malcolm S; Martins Araújo Stefani, Mariane

    2013-10-23

    Despite efforts to eliminate leprosy as public health problem, delayed diagnosis and disabilities still occur in many countries. Leprosy diagnosis remains based on clinical manifestations and the number of clinicians with expertise in leprosy diagnosis is in decline. We have developed a new immunochromatographic test with the goal of producing a simple and rapid system that can be used, with a minimal amount of training, to provide an objective and consistent diagnosis of multibacillary leprosy. The test immobilizes two antigens that have been recognized as excellent candidates for serologic diagnosis (the PGL-I mimetic, ND-O, and LID-1), on a nitrocellulose membrane. This allows the detection of specific IgM and IgG antibodies within 20 minutes of the addition of patient sera. Furthermore, we coupled the NDO-LID® rapid tests with a new cell phone-based test reader platform (Smart Reader®) to provide objective interpretation that was both quantifiable and consistent. Direct comparison of serologic responses indicated that the rapid test detected a greater proportion of leprosy patients than a lab-based PGL-I ELISA. While positive responses were detected by PGL-I ELISA in 83.3% of multibacillary patients and 15.4% of paucibacillary patients, these numbers were increased to 87% and 21.2%, respectively, when a combination of the NDO-LID® test and Smart Reader® was used. Among multibacillary leprosy the sensitivity of NDO-LID® test assessed by Smart Reader® was 87% (95% CI, 79.2-92.7%) and the specificity was 96.1% (95% CI, 91.7- 98.6%). The positive predictive value and the negative predictive value of NDO-LID® tests were 94% (95% CI, 87.4-97.8%) and 91.4% (95% CI, 85.9-95.2%), respectively. The widespread provision of rapid diagnostic tests to facilitate the diagnosis or prognosis of multibacillary leprosy could impact on leprosy control programs by aiding early detection, directing appropriate treatment and potentially interrupting Mycobacterium leprae

  20. Interpersonal Communication in High Tech Culture: Eastern or Western?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isenhart, Myra W.

    1987-01-01

    Investigates interpersonal communication in a high tech organization to test the association between high tech organizations and Western styles of symbolic interaction. Takes a diagnostic, rather than prescriptive, approach to organizational change. (MM)

  1. Is Sordac’s Rapid Acquisition Process Best Prepared To Field Solutions For Future Technological Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-31

    to leverage game changing technologies such as cyber, robotics , nanotechnology, and ISR to ensure our comparative advantage and ability to achieve...hiring for acquisition workforce positions.”39 Also a dual-track career path would be “established that permits officers and enlisted personnel to...gain experience in a primary career in combat arms and a secondary career in the acquisition field.”40 H.R. 1597 is one of many vehicles attempting

  2. High-Tech Means High-Efficiency: The Business Case for EnergyManagement in High-Tech Industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanshoian, Gary; Blazek, Michele; Naughton, Phil; Seese, RobertS.; Mills, Evan; Tschudi, William

    2005-11-15

    In the race to apply new technologies in ''high-tech'' facilities such as data centers, laboratories, and clean rooms, much emphasis has been placed on improving service, building capacity, and increasing speed. These facilities are socially and economically important, as part of the critical infrastructure for pharmaceuticals,electronics, communications, and many other sectors. With a singular focus on throughput, some important design issues can be overlooked, such as the energy efficiency of individual equipment (e.g., lasers, routers and switches) as well as the integration of high-tech equipment into the power distribution system and the building envelope. Among technology-based businesses, improving energy efficiency presents an often untapped opportunity to increase profits, enhance process control,maximize asset value, improve the work place environment, and manage a variety of business risks. Oddly enough, the adoption of energy efficiency improvements in this sector lags behind many others. As a result, millions of dollars are left on the table with each year ofoperation.

  3. LAMP technology: Rapid identification of Brucella and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trangoni, Marcos D; Gioffré, Andrea K; Cerón Cucchi, María E; Caimi, Karina C; Ruybal, Paula; Zumárraga, Martín J; Cravero, Silvio L

    2015-06-01

    In this study, we developed new sets of primers to detect Brucella spp. and M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) through isothermal amplification. We selected a previously well-characterized target gene, bscp31, specific for Brucella spp. and IS900 for MAP. The limits of detection using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) protocols described herein were similar to those of conventional PCR targeting the same sequences. Hydroxynaphtol blue and SYBR Green(TM) allowed direct naked-eye detection with identical sensitivity as agarose gel electrophoresis. We included the LAMP-based protocol in a rapid identification scheme of the respective pathogens, and all tested isolates were correctly identified within 2 to 3 h. In addition, both protocols were suitable for specifically identifying the respective pathogens; in the case of Brucella, it also allowed the identification of all the biovars tested. We conclude that LAMP is a suitable rapid molecular typing tool that could help to shorten the time required to identify insidious bacteria in low-complexity laboratories, mainly in developing countries.

  4. High Tech for Milady's Makeup

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    "Elizabeth," a computerized beauty analysis system marketed by Elizabeth Arden, is based upon an ARAC data base search of technologies measuring skin profiles. * "Elizabeth" is no longer commercially available.

  5. BACs-on-Beads Technology: A Reliable Test for Rapid Detection of Aneuploidies and Microdeletions in Prenatal Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Conejero, José Antonio; Serra, Vicente; Olmo, Inés; Lara, Coral; Simón, Carlos

    2014-01-01

    The risk of fetal aneuploidies is usually estimated based on high resolution ultrasound combined with biochemical determination of criterion in maternal blood, with invasive procedures offered to the population at risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a new rapid aneuploidy screening test on amniotic fluid (AF) or chorionic villus (CV) samples based on BACs-on-Beads (BoBs) technology and to compare the results with classical karyotyping by Giemsa banding (G-banding) of cultured cells in metaphase as the gold standard technique. The prenatal-BoBs kit was used to study aneuploidies involving chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, and Y as well as nine microdeletion syndromes in 321 AF and 43 CV samples. G-banding of metaphase cultured cells was performed concomitantly for all prenatal samples. A microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was also carried out in a subset of samples. Prenatal-BoBs results were widely confirmed by classical karyotyping. Only six karyotype findings were not identified by Prenatal-BoBs, all of them due to the known limitations of the technique. In summary, the BACs-on-Beads technology was an accurate, robust, and efficient method for the rapid diagnosis of common aneuploidies and microdeletion syndromes in prenatal samples. PMID:24795887

  6. BACs-on-Beads Technology: A Reliable Test for Rapid Detection of Aneuploidies and Microdeletions in Prenatal Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra García-Herrero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The risk of fetal aneuploidies is usually estimated based on high resolution ultrasound combined with biochemical determination of criterion in maternal blood, with invasive procedures offered to the population at risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a new rapid aneuploidy screening test on amniotic fluid (AF or chorionic villus (CV samples based on BACs-on-Beads (BoBs technology and to compare the results with classical karyotyping by Giemsa banding (G-banding of cultured cells in metaphase as the gold standard technique. The prenatal-BoBs kit was used to study aneuploidies involving chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, and Y as well as nine microdeletion syndromes in 321 AF and 43 CV samples. G-banding of metaphase cultured cells was performed concomitantly for all prenatal samples. A microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH was also carried out in a subset of samples. Prenatal-BoBs results were widely confirmed by classical karyotyping. Only six karyotype findings were not identified by Prenatal-BoBs, all of them due to the known limitations of the technique. In summary, the BACs-on-Beads technology was an accurate, robust, and efficient method for the rapid diagnosis of common aneuploidies and microdeletion syndromes in prenatal samples.

  7. BACs-on-Beads technology: a reliable test for rapid detection of aneuploidies and microdeletions in prenatal diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Herrero, Sandra; Campos-Galindo, Inmaculada; Martínez-Conejero, José Antonio; Serra, Vicente; Olmo, Inés; Lara, Coral; Simón, Carlos; Rubio, Carmen

    2014-01-01

    The risk of fetal aneuploidies is usually estimated based on high resolution ultrasound combined with biochemical determination of criterion in maternal blood, with invasive procedures offered to the population at risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a new rapid aneuploidy screening test on amniotic fluid (AF) or chorionic villus (CV) samples based on BACs-on-Beads (BoBs) technology and to compare the results with classical karyotyping by Giemsa banding (G-banding) of cultured cells in metaphase as the gold standard technique. The prenatal-BoBs kit was used to study aneuploidies involving chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, and Y as well as nine microdeletion syndromes in 321 AF and 43 CV samples. G-banding of metaphase cultured cells was performed concomitantly for all prenatal samples. A microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was also carried out in a subset of samples. Prenatal-BoBs results were widely confirmed by classical karyotyping. Only six karyotype findings were not identified by Prenatal-BoBs, all of them due to the known limitations of the technique. In summary, the BACs-on-Beads technology was an accurate, robust, and efficient method for the rapid diagnosis of common aneuploidies and microdeletion syndromes in prenatal samples.

  8. SmartAmp快速检测技术及其应用%SmartAmp Rapid Detection Technology and its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚丽华; 张传福; 史云; 胡晓丰; 宋宏彬; 刘雪林

    2013-01-01

    SmartAmp, the Smart Amplification Process, is a novel isothermal DNA amplification technology. It has advantages like simplicity, rapidity, cost effectiveness and background suppression, and also displays high sensi⁃tivity and strong specificity. The technology has been preliminarily applied in clinical genetic polymorphisms detec⁃tion and infectious disease diagnostics. It promotes the development of clinical rapid diagnostic and shows huge po⁃tential in the detection of environmental or food contaminants. In this article, we reviewed the mechanism and fea⁃tures of SmartAmp and prospected its amplification.%  SmartAmp是一种新的DNA等温扩增技术,具有操作简单、快速、成本低、灵敏度高、特异性强、背景低等优点。目前已在临床基因多态性检测、感染性疾病诊断等方面初步应用,为临床快速诊断提供了帮助,在食品和环境中病原体检测领域也显示了极大的应用发展潜力。我们简要概述SmartAmp技术原理、特点及其应用前景。

  9. Planning a Tech Prep Program in Hospitality. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chicago City Colleges, IL. Chicago City-Wide Coll.

    A project conducted to establish tech prep articulation training agreements between City Colleges of Chicago and several public secondary schools is described in this report. Project activities were as follows: (1) developed a handbook to define the tech prep experience and guide committee members on how tech prep can be a valuable asset to…

  10. Can mobile phone technology support a rapid sharing of information on novel psychoactive substances among health and other professionals internationally?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonato, Pierluigi; Bersani, Francesco S; Santacroce, Rita; Cinosi, Eduardo; Schifano, Fabrizio; Bersani, Giuseppe; Martinotti, Giovanni; Corazza, Ornella

    2017-05-01

    The diffusion of novel psychoactive substances (NPSs), combined with the ability of the Internet to act as an online marketplace, has led to unprecedented challenges for governments, health agencies, and substance misuse services. Despite increasing research, there is a paucity of reliable information available to professionals working in the field. The paper will present the pilot results of the first mobile application (SMAIL) for rapid information sharing on NPSs among health professionals. The development of SMAIL was divided into 2 parts: (a) the creation of the application for registered users, enabling them to send an SMS or email with the name or "street name" of an NPS and receive within seconds emails or SMS with the information, when available and (b) the development of a database to support the incoming requests. One hundred twenty-two professionals based in 22 countries used the service over the pilot period of 16 months (from May 2012 to September 2013). Five hundred fifty-seven enquires were made. Users received rapid information on NPSs, and 61% of them rated the service as excellent. This is the right time to use mobile phone technologies for rapid information sharing and prevention activities on NPSs. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. Product management of making large pieces through Rapid Prototyping PolyJet® technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belgiu, G.; Cărăuşu, C.; Şerban, D.; Turc, C. G.

    2017-08-01

    The rapid prototyping process has already become a classic manufacturing process for parts and assemblies, either polymeric or metal parts. Besides the well-known advantages and disadvantages of the process, the use of 3D printers has a great inconvenience: the overall dimensions of the parts are limited. Obviously, there is a possibility to purchase a larger (and more expensive) 3D printer, but there are always larger pieces to be manufactured. One solution to this problem is the splitting of parts into several components that can be manufactured. The component parts can then be assembled in a single piece by known methods such as welding, gluing, screwing, etc. This paper shows our experience in making large pieces on the Strarasys® Objet24 printer, pieces larger than the tray sizes. The results obtained are valid for any 3D printer using the PolyJet® process.

  12. The development of an autonomous rendezvous and docking simulation using rapid integration and prototyping technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shackelford, John H.; Saugen, John D.; Wurst, Michael J.; Adler, James

    1991-01-01

    A generic planar 3 degree of freedom simulation was developed that supports hardware in the loop simulations, guidance and control analysis, and can directly generate flight software. This simulation was developed in a small amount of time utilizing rapid prototyping techniques. The approach taken to develop this simulation tool, the benefits seen using this approach to development, and on-going efforts to improve and extend this capability are described. The simulation is composed of 3 major elements: (1) Docker dynamics model, (2) Dockee dynamics model, and (3) Docker Control System. The docker and dockee models are based on simple planar orbital dynamics equations using a spherical earth gravity model. The docker control system is based on a phase plane approach to error correction.

  13. Reconsidering Tree Fruit as Candidate Crops Through the Use of Rapid Cycle Crop Breeding Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Gary Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Tree fruit, although desirable from a crew nutrition and menu diversity perspective, have long been dismissed as candidate crops based on their long juvenile phase, large architecture, low short-term harvest index, and dormancy requirements. Recent developments in Rapid Cycle Crop Breeding (RCCB) have overcome these historical limitations, opening the door to a new era in candidate crop research. Researchers at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) have developed FT-construct (Flowering Locus T) dwarf plum lines that have a very short juvenile phase, vine-like architecture, and no obligate dormancy period. In a collaborative research effort, NASA and the USDA are evaluating the performance of these FT-lines under controlled environment conditions relevant to spaceflight.

  14. 融资租赁对中国技术引进的影响分析——以高新技术产业发展为例%An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Financing Lease Industry and Technology Import——From the Perspective of the Development of High -tech Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕苏榆; 刘晓焕

    2016-01-01

    Based on a summary and evaluation of the researchers' findings and with the application of the practical data from 1981 to 2013 and Error Correction Model , an empirical analysis between financing lease industry and technology import has been made from the perspective of the development of High-tech Industry . The conclusion of the empirical analysis indicates that there is a notable positive correlation of financing lease industry to technology import in the long run . Lastly , according to the research conclusion , it is advocated that the government should enforce the development of the financing lease industry as well as push the application of finance leasing in High-tech industry , moreover , the limited amount of intangible assets attaching to the leasing equipment should be lessened or even be abol-ished from the current rules and the scope of subject matter of financing lease need be extended from affiliating to independent intangible as-sets so as to stimulate the technology import in a higher level .%在对前人研究成果总结评价的基础上 ,本文选取1981~2013年共33个样本数据 ,通过建立一阶误差修正模型 ,以高新技术产业的发展为例 ,实证分析了融资租赁对中国技术引进的影响 ,实证结果表明与高新技术产业相关的融资租赁业务对该国技术引进具有显著的促进作用.最后 ,根据研究结论提出不但要大力发展融资租赁业、推动融资租赁与高新技术产业的融合 ,还应削弱或取消租赁设备附带性的技术等无形资产的限制性数量标准 ,将融资租赁的标的物范围扩充至独立性的无形资产 ,在更高水平上促进中国的技术引进.

  15. Advanced Polymeric Materials for High-tech Innovations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG; BenZhong

    2001-01-01

    High technology is advancing our society and modernizing our life and advanced materials play an important role in the technological innovations. My research group has been working on the development of advanced polymeric materials and in this talk I will report our recent work on the creation of new conjugated polymers with novel molecular structures and unique materials properties.1-18 Our work include the design of molecular structures of monomeric building blocks, development of stable, effective and environmentally benign "green” polymerization catalysts, discovery of new polymerization reactions, synthesis of functional macromolecules, fabrication of nanodimensional composites, assembly and control of hierarchical structures, and construction of electrooptical devices. We have revealed the liquid crystallinity, light emission, photoconductivity, optical limiting, nano-hybridization, solvatochromism, optical activity, self-organization, and biological activity of the linear polyacetylenes and hyperbranched polyarylenes. The utilization of the advanced polymers and their interesting materials properties for high-tech innovations will be discussed.  ……

  16. Advanced Polymeric Materials for High-tech Innovations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ High technology is advancing our society and modernizing our life and advanced materials play an important role in the technological innovations. My research group has been working on the development of advanced polymeric materials and in this talk I will report our recent work on the creation of new conjugated polymers with novel molecular structures and unique materials properties.1-18 Our work include the design of molecular structures of monomeric building blocks, development of stable, effective and environmentally benign "green” polymerization catalysts, discovery of new polymerization reactions, synthesis of functional macromolecules, fabrication of nanodimensional composites, assembly and control of hierarchical structures, and construction of electrooptical devices. We have revealed the liquid crystallinity, light emission, photoconductivity, optical limiting, nano-hybridization, solvatochromism, optical activity, self-organization, and biological activity of the linear polyacetylenes and hyperbranched polyarylenes. The utilization of the advanced polymers and their interesting materials properties for high-tech innovations will be discussed.

  17. A Platform Across the Valley of Death: Tech Transition via Open Enterprise Information System Development

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimted. Achieving “Tech Transfer”, i.e. “an invention usefully adopted,” is difficult, particularly within the Defense Enterprise. The Defense acquisition system is designed to transition technology through a long serial process ill suited for Information Technology (IT). However, there is a successful commercial practice for transitioning IT called “Product Line Architecture” (PLA). PLA optimizes a specified open standard technical framework ...

  18. Application of 3D rapid prototyping technology in posterior corrective surgery for Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Mingyuan; Li, Chao; Li, Yanming; Zhao, Yingchuan; Wei, Xianzhao; Zhang, Guoyou; Fan, Jianping; Ni, Haijian; Chen, Ziqiang; Bai, Yushu; Li, Ming

    2015-02-01

    A retrospective study to evaluate the effectiveness of 3-dimensional rapid prototyping (3DRP) technology in corrective surgery for Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. 3DRP technology has been widely used in medical field; however, no study has been performed on the effectiveness of 3DRP technology in corrective surgery for Lenke 1 AIS patients. Lenke 1 AIS patients who were preparing to undergo posterior corrective surgery from a single center between January 2010 and January 2012 were included in this analysis. Patients were divided into 2 groups. In group A, 3-dimensional (3D) printing technology was used to create subject-specific spine models in the preoperative planning process. Group B underwent posterior corrective surgery as usual (by free hand without image guidance). Perioperative and postoperative clinical outcomes were compared between 2 groups, including operation time, perioperative blood loss, transfusion volume, postoperative hemoglobin (Hb), postoperative complications, and length of hospital stay. Radiological outcomes were also compared, including the assessment of screw placement, postoperative Cobb angle, coronal balance, sagittal vertical axis, thoracic kyphosis, and lumbar lordosis. Subgroup was also performed according to the preoperative Cobb angle: mean Cobb angle 50°. Besides, economic evaluation was also compared between 2 groups. A total of 126 patients were included in this study (group A, 50 and group B, 76). Group A had significantly shorter operation time, significantly less blood loss and transfusion volume, and higher postoperative Hb (all, P 0.05). There was also no significant difference in misplacement of screws in total populations (16.90% vs 18.82%, P = 0.305), whereas a low misplacement rate of pedicle screws was observed in patients whose mean Cobb angle was >50° (9.15% vs 13.03%, P = 0.02). Besides, using 3DRP increased the economic burden of patients (157,000 ± 9948.85 Ren Min Bi

  19. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the

  20. Virginia Tech opens Engineering Communications Center

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    In an attempt to provide the engineers of the 21st Century with top-notch professional skills to complement their technical expertise, Virginia Tech, one of ten largest undergraduate engineering programs in the country, has opened an Engineering Communication Center.

  1. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the

  2. Senior Military Colleges Meet At Virginia Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Lovegrove, Richard L.

    2003-01-01

    Representatives from the nation's six senior military colleges will hear from the Department of Defense and national Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) commanders during the annual Senior Military Colleges Conference at Virginia Tech on Wednesday and Thursday, Sept. 17 and 18 at the Donaldson Brown Hotel and Conference Center.

  3. Virginia Tech student receives Student Leadership Award

    OpenAIRE

    Dickerson, Susan

    2004-01-01

    The Outstanding Undergraduate Student Leader Award is one of 10 University Student Leadership Awards given annually by Virginia Tech's Department of Student Activities in the Division of Student Affairs to recognize outstanding members, extraordinary achievements by an organization, advisers, volunteerism, and service-learning experiences.

  4. A Rapid Monitoring and Evaluation Method of Schistosomiasis Based on Spatial Information Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yong; Zhuang, Dafang

    2015-12-12

    Thanks to Spatial Information Technologies (SITs) such as Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information System (GIS) that are being quickly developed and updated, SITs are being used more widely in the public health field. The use of SITs to study the characteristics of the temporal and spatial distribution of Schistosoma japonicum and to assess the risk of infection provides methods for the control and prevention of schistosomiasis japonica has gradually become a hot topic in the field. The purpose of the present paper was to use RS and GIS technology to develop an efficient method of prediction and assessment of the risk of schistosomiasis japonica. We choose the Yueyang region, close to the east DongTing Lake (Hunan Province, China), as the study area, where a recent serious outbreak of schistosomiasis japonica took place. We monitored and evaluated the transmission risk of schistosomiasis japonica in the region using SITs. Water distribution data were extracted from RS images. The ground temperature, ground humidity and vegetation index were calculated based on RS images. Additionally, the density of oncomelania snails, which are the Schistosoma japonicum intermediate host, was calculated on the base of RS data and field measurements. The spatial distribution of oncomelania snails was explored using SITs in order to estimate the area surrounding the residents with transmission risk of schistosomiasis japonica. Our research result demonstrated: (1) the risk factors for the transmission of schistosomiasis japonica were closely related to the living environment of oncomelania snails. Key factors such as water distribution, ground temperature, ground humidity and vegetation index can be quickly obtained and calculated from RS images; (2) using GIS technology and a RS deduction technique along with statistical regression models, the density distribution model of oncomelania snails could be quickly built; (3) using SITs and analysis with overlaying population

  5. Rapid detection of structural variation in a human genome using nanochannel-based genome mapping technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cao, Hongzhi; Hastie, Alex R.; Cao, Dandan

    2014-01-01

    mutations; however, none of the current detection methods are comprehensive, and currently available methodologies are incapable of providing sufficient resolution and unambiguous information across complex regions in the human genome. To address these challenges, we applied a high-throughput, cost......BACKGROUND: Structural variants (SVs) are less common than single nucleotide polymorphisms and indels in the population, but collectively account for a significant fraction of genetic polymorphism and diseases. Base pair differences arising from SVs are on a much higher order (>100 fold) than point...... mapping technology as a comprehensive and cost-effective method for detecting structural variation and studying complex regions in the human genome, as well as deciphering viral integration into the host genome....

  6. "Print-n-Shrink" technology for the rapid production of microfluidic chips and protein microarrays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sollier, Kevin; Mandon, Céline A; Heyries, Kevin A; Blum, Loïc J; Marquette, Christophe A

    2009-12-21

    An innovative method for the production of microfluidic chips integrating protein spots is described. The technology, called "Print-n-Shrink", is based on the screen-printing of a microfluidic design (using a dielectric ink) onto Polyshrink polystyrene sheets. The initial print which has a minimum size of 15 microm (height) x 230 microm (width) is thermally treated (30 seconds, 163 degrees C) to shrink and generate features of 85 microm (height) x 100 microm (width). Concomitantly, proteins such as monoclonal antibodies or cellular adhesion proteins are spotted onto the Polyshrink sheets and shrunk together with the microfluidic design, creating a complete biochip integrating both complex microfluidic designs and protein spots for bioanalytical applications.

  7. An Integrated Model for Supplier Selection for a High-Tech Manufacturer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Amy H. I.; Kang, He-Yau; Lin, Chun-Yu

    2011-11-01

    Global competitiveness has become the biggest concern of manufacturing companies, especially in high-tech industries. Improving competitive edges in an environment with rapidly changing technological innovations and dynamic customer needs is essential for a firm to survive and to acquire a decent profit. Thus, the introduction of successful new products is a source of new sales and profits and is a necessity in the intense competitive international market. After a product is developed, a firm needs the cooperation of upstream suppliers to provide satisfactory components and parts for manufacturing final products. Therefore, the selection of suitable suppliers has also become a very important decision. In this study, an analytical approach is proposed to select the most appropriate critical-part suppliers in order to maintain a high reliability of the supply chain. A fuzzy analytic network process (FANP) model, which incorporates the benefits, opportunities, costs and risks (BOCR) concept, is constructed to evaluate various aspects of suppliers. The proposed model is adopted in a TFT-LCD manufacturer in Taiwan in evaluating the expected performance of suppliers with respect to each important factor, and an overall ranking of the suppliers can be generated as a result.

  8. Rapid prototyping of multi-scale biomedical microdevices by combining additive manufacturing technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hengsbach, Stefan; Lantada, Andrés Díaz

    2014-08-01

    The possibility of designing and manufacturing biomedical microdevices with multiple length-scale geometries can help to promote special interactions both with their environment and with surrounding biological systems. These interactions aim to enhance biocompatibility and overall performance by using biomimetic approaches. In this paper, we present a design and manufacturing procedure for obtaining multi-scale biomedical microsystems based on the combination of two additive manufacturing processes: a conventional laser writer to manufacture the overall device structure, and a direct-laser writer based on two-photon polymerization to yield finer details. The process excels for its versatility, accuracy and manufacturing speed and allows for the manufacture of microsystems and implants with overall sizes up to several millimeters and with details down to sub-micrometric structures. As an application example we have focused on manufacturing a biomedical microsystem to analyze the impact of microtextured surfaces on cell motility. This process yielded a relevant increase in precision and manufacturing speed when compared with more conventional rapid prototyping procedures.

  9. World's finest tech sites immortalised

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    They may have transformed man's understanding of the universe but the monumental impact of the world's first large radio telescope and the planet's largest particle physics lab has never been fully recognised. Now both Jodrell Bank and CERN are among the technological landmarks that could be immortalised alongside the pyramids of Egypt and Taj Mahal on UNESCO's World Heritage Site (WHS) list.

  10. Stockholm Power Tech. Power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    The proceedings from this symposium is presented in six volumes: Invited speakers` sessions; Power systems; Power electronics; High-voltage technology; Electrical machines and drives; and Information and control systems. This report covers the power systems volume. Separate abstracts have been prepared for 141 of the 145 papers in this volume

  11. Industrial Chemistry at Michigan Tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, D. K.; Ponter, A. B.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses factors leading to the development of a four-year industrial chemistry program at Michigan Technological University and provides details of its structure. Includes brief descriptions of courses required in industrial chemistry but not in the traditional chemistry program and list of optional courses. (JN)

  12. Affinity reagent technology development and application to rapid immunochromatographic pathogen detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sooter, Letha J.; Stratis-Cullum, Dimitra N.; Zhang, Yanting; Daugherty, Patrick S.; Soh, H. Tom; Pellegrino, Paul; Stagliano, Nancy

    2007-09-01

    Immunochromatography is a rapid, reliable, and cost effective method of detecting biowarfare agents. The format is similar to that of an over-the-counter pregnancy test. A sample is applied to one end of a cassette and then a control line, and possibly a sample line, are visualized at the other end of the cassette. The test is based upon a sandwich assay. For the control, a line of Protein A is immobilized on the membrane. Gold nanoparticle bound IgG flows through the membrane and binds the Protein A, creating a visible line on the membrane. For the sample, one epitope is immobilized on the membrane and another epitope is attached to gold nanoparticles. The sample binds gold bound epitope, travels through the membrane, and binds membrane bound epitope. The two epitopes are not cross-reactive, therefore a sample line is only visible if the sample is present. In order to efficiently screen for binders to a sample target, a novel, Continuous Magnetic Activated Cell Sorter (CMACS) has been developed on a disposable, microfluidic platform. The CMACS chip quickly sorts E. coli peptide libraries for target binders with high affinity. Peptide libraries, are composed of approximately ten million bacteria, each displaying a different peptide on their surface. The target of interest is conjugated to a micrometer sized magnetic particle. After the library and the target are incubated together to allow binding, the mixture is applied to the CMACS chip. In the presence of patterned nickel and an external magnet, separation occurs of the bead-bound bacteria from the bulk material. The bead fraction is added to bacterial growth media where any attached E. coli grow and divide. These cells are cloned, sequenced, and the peptides are assayed for target binding affinity. As a proof-of-principle, assays were developed for human C-reactive protein. More defense relevant targets are currently being pursued.

  13. Applying GORE-TEX technology for rapid contaminant assessments at Fort Gordon, Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falls, Fred W.; Harrelson, Larry G.; Ratliff, W. Hagan; Wellborn, John B.; Landmeyer, James E.

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of the Army at Fort Gordon, Georgia, deployed GORE1 adsorbent samplers along creeks and floodplains to rapidly assess potential contamination at abandoned facilities and in adjacent surface water. The samplers provide screening-level data to determine the presence or absence of volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and were deployed in saturated creek and floodplain sediments adjacent to four abandoned waste-disposal/warfare-training sites. Fuelrelated compounds, not solvents, are the most prevalent organic compounds detected along segments of McCoys Creek adjacent to the 19th Street landfill; South Prong Creek adjacent to the South Prong Creek waste-disposal area; an unnamed tributary to Butler Creek adjacent to the old hospital landfill; and the Brier Creek floodplain adjacent to the Patterson anti-tank range. All 37 samplers deployed in these assessments had detections of total petroleum hydrocarbons ranging from just above 3 (laboratory method detection level) to 344 micrograms per liter. Detections of octane that ranged from 1 to 7.6 micrograms per liter were common in all assessments, except for South Prong Creek. Calculated concentrations of benzene are at or just above the National Primary Drinking Water Standard maximum contaminant level for all samplers deployed in the floodplain at the Patterson anti-tank range. The highest calculated concentration of a specific fuel-related compound was for toluene collected at one sampling site on McCoys Creek adjacent to the 19th Street landfill, but the concentration was below the National Primary Drinking Water Standard. These results are being used by Fort Gordon environmental compliance personnel to decide if further assessments are needed at these abandoned waste-disposal/warfare-training sites

  14. The RABiT: a rapid automated biodosimetry tool for radiological triage. II. Technological developments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garty, Guy; Chen, Youhua; Turner, Helen C; Zhang, Jian; Lyulko, Oleksandra V; Bertucci, Antonella; Xu, Yanping; Wang, Hongliang; Simaan, Nabil; Randers-Pehrson, Gerhard; Lawrence Yao, Y; Brenner, David J

    2011-08-01

    Over the past five years the Center for Minimally Invasive Radiation Biodosimetry at Columbia University has developed the Rapid Automated Biodosimetry Tool (RABiT), a completely automated, ultra-high throughput biodosimetry workstation. This paper describes recent upgrades and reliability testing of the RABiT. The RABiT analyses fingerstick-derived blood samples to estimate past radiation exposure or to identify individuals exposed above or below a cut-off dose. Through automated robotics, lymphocytes are extracted from fingerstick blood samples into filter-bottomed multi-well plates. Depending on the time since exposure, the RABiT scores either micronuclei or phosphorylation of the histone H2AX, in an automated robotic system, using filter-bottomed multi-well plates. Following lymphocyte culturing, fixation and staining, the filter bottoms are removed from the multi-well plates and sealed prior to automated high-speed imaging. Image analysis is performed online using dedicated image processing hardware. Both the sealed filters and the images are archived. We have developed a new robotic system for lymphocyte processing, making use of an upgraded laser power and parallel processing of four capillaries at once. This system has allowed acceleration of lymphocyte isolation, the main bottleneck of the RABiT operation, from 12 to 2 sec/sample. Reliability tests have been performed on all robotic subsystems. Parallel handling of multiple samples through the use of dedicated, purpose-built, robotics and high speed imaging allows analysis of up to 30,000 samples per day.

  15. The Policy Instrument of Germany Government to Support Promising Technology-based Start-Ups:High-Tech Gründerfonds%德国政府支持高科技企业创业的重要政策工具--高科技创业基金(HTGF)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志强; 赵隆华; 李丹颖

    2014-01-01

    In 2005 the Germany government launched the High-Tech Gründerfonds ( HTGF ) to ifnance the young technology companies on attractive terms. The HTGF took modes of public-private partnerships and equity investment to settle the difficulty of financing for young companies. Gründerfonds II started in October 2011 with a second close of 302 millions Euros in December 2012, and ifnanced over 200 high-tech startup companies. The HTGF focuses on investing on in early stage companies in life science, materials science and information technology. It played a key role in the development of the seed capital of Germany, and its review on investment projects is rational and transparent. This paper provides a comprehensive review on the management mechanisms, main achievements and problems of the HTGF, which is worthwhile to be shared by the Chinese counterparts.%2005年,德国政府在《高技术战略》框架下推出了支持高科技企业创业的高科技创业基金,以“公私合营”模式和“股权投资”方式弥补高科技企业创建的融资不足问题。2011年11月,高科技创业基金实施进入第二期,基金净值上升到3.02亿欧元,共支持了200多家高技术企业创业。该基金重点资助信息科学、生物技术等七大领域,遴选审查过程合理透明,在引领德国国内种子资金市场发展方面发挥了关键作用。调研中也发现,德国高科技创业基金申请标准和资助条款仍有待完善,培训机构的培训质量有待提高。通过对德国高科技创业基金的管理制度、实施效果及存在的问题进行介绍,以期对我国有所借鉴。

  16. The Empirical Research on Industrial Agglomeration, Ways of Technology Innovation and Export of High-tech Enterprises%产业集聚、技术创新途径与高新技术企业出口的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宣烨; 宣思源

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theoretical hypothesis,the paper try to reveal the effects of industrial agglomeration,ways of technology innovation to the export of high-tech enterprises using the data of high-tech enterprises from Jiangsu province.The results show that industrial agglomeration has significant positive effect to export.Relative to technology introduction,absorption and secondary innovation,self-dependant innovation promote export of enterprises obviously.Further research shows that enterprises exist in an industrial agglomeration do not mean that they are sure to obtain agglomeration effects to promote export abilities.The premise to get agglomeration effects for enterprises in an agglomeration is to integrate into the production division network,or into the industrial chain or product chain of the industrial agglomeration.According to this,the paper puts forward the proposals to foster enterprises’ abilities of self-dependent innovation and give full play to industrial agglomeration effects in order to promote enterprises’ competitiveness.%在提出产业聚集、技术创新途径对企业出口影响理论假说的基础上,文章利用江苏高新技术企业数据,试图揭示产业集聚、技术创新途径对高新技术企业出口的影响。结果显示,产业集聚对企业出口具有显著的正向作用;相对于技术引进、消化吸收与二次创新,自主创新对企业出口的促进作用最为明显。进一步研究发现,企业居于产业集群内并不意味着就一定能够获取集聚效应从而引致出口能力的提升,集群内企业获取集聚效应的前提是能够融入产业集群式生产分工网络,或是融入产业集群产业链与产品链。据此,文章提出了培育企业自主创新能力、发挥产业集群效应以促进企业竞争力提升的政策建议。

  17. A toner-mediated lithographic technology for rapid prototyping of glass microchannels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coltro, Wendell Karlos Tomazelli; Piccin, Evandro; Fracassi da Silva, José Alberto; Lucio do Lago, Claudimir; Carrilho, Emanuel

    2007-07-01

    A simple, fast, and inexpensive masking technology without any photolithographic step to produce glass microchannels is proposed in this work. This innovative process is based on the use of toner layers as mask for wet chemical etching. The layouts were projected in graphic software and printed on wax paper using a laser printer. The toner layer was thermally transferred from the paper to cleaned glass surfaces (microscope slides) at 130 degrees C for 2 min. After thermal transference, the glass channel was etched using 25% (v/v) hydrofluoric acid (HF) solution. The toner mask was then removed by cotton soaked in acetonitrile. The etching rate was approximately 7.1 +/- 0.6 microm min(-1). This process is economically more attractive than conventional methods because it does not require any sophisticated instrumentation and it can be implemented in any chemical/biochemical laboratory. The glass channel was thermally bonded against a flat glass cover and its analytical feasibility was investigated using capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection.

  18. Nondestructive and rapid detection of potato black heart based on machine vision technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Fang; Peng, Yankun; Wei, Wensong

    2016-05-01

    Potatoes are one of the major food crops in the world. Potato black heart is a kind of defect that the surface is intact while the tissues in skin become black. This kind of potato has lost the edibleness, but it's difficult to be detected with conventional methods. A nondestructive detection system based on the machine vision technology was proposed in this study to distinguish the normal and black heart of potatoes according to the different transmittance of them. The detection system was equipped with a monochrome CCD camera, LED light sources for transmitted illumination and a computer. Firstly, the transmission images of normal and black heart potatoes were taken by the detection system. Then the images were processed by algorithm written with VC++. As the transmitted light intensity was influenced by the radial dimension of the potato samples, the relationship between the grayscale value and the potato radial dimension was acquired by analyzing the grayscale value changing rule of the transmission image. Then proper judging condition was confirmed to distinguish the normal and black heart of potatoes after image preprocessing. The results showed that the nondestructive system built coupled with the processing methods was accessible for the detection of potato black heart at a considerable accuracy rate. The transmission detection technique based on machine vision is nondestructive and feasible to realize the detection of potato black heart.

  19. Overall Integrating Sci-tech Resources and Accelerating the Progress of Agricultural Science and Technology,to Provide Sci-tech Support for Speeding up the Modernization of Henan Agriculture%全面整合科技资源加快农业科技进步为推进河南省农业现代化提供科技支撑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马万杰

    2015-01-01

    分析了新常态下农业发展面临的新形势和新任务,提出了河南省在增强农业科技协同创新能力、资源利用能力、自主创新能力、引领支撑能力等方面应采取的新举措。%This paper analyzed the new situation and tasks faced in agricultural development under the new normal,and proposed new measures to enhance competitiveness of Henan province in collaborative innovation,resource utilization,independent innovation,leading and support,and other aspects of agricul-tural science and technology in the future.

  20. Commercial introduction of the Advanced NOxTECH system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sudduth, B.C. [NOxTECH, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    NOxTECH is BACT for diesel electric generators. Emissions of NO{sub x} are reduced 95% or more with substantial concurrent reductions in CO, particulates, and ROG`s. No engine modifications or other exhaust aftertreatments can remove all criteria pollutants as effectively as NOxTECH. The NOxTECH system reliably maintains NH{sub 3} slip below 2 ppm. Unlike other emissions controls, NOxTECH does not generate hazardous by-products. The Advanced NOxTECH system reduces the size, weight, and cost for BACT emissions reductions. Based on the operation of a 150 kW prototype, NOxTECH, Inc. is quoting commercial units for diesel electric generators. Advanced NOxTECH equipment costs about half as much as SCR systems, and NO{sub x} reduction can exceed 95% with guarantees for emissions compliance.

  1. Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Breast Cancer Cells in Patient Blood with Nuclease-Activated Probe Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Kruspe

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A challenge for circulating tumor cell (CTC-based diagnostics is the development of simple and inexpensive methods that reliably detect the diverse cells that make up CTCs. CTC-derived nucleases are one category of proteins that could be exploited to meet this challenge. Advantages of nucleases as CTC biomarkers include: (1 their elevated expression in many cancer cells, including cells implicated in metastasis that have undergone epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition; and (2 their enzymatic activity, which can be exploited for signal amplification in detection methods. Here, we describe a diagnostic assay based on quenched fluorescent nucleic acid probes that detect breast cancer CTCs via their nuclease activity. This assay exhibited robust performance in distinguishing breast cancer patients from healthy controls, and it is rapid, inexpensive, and easy to implement in most clinical labs. Given its broad applicability, this technology has the potential to have a substantive impact on the diagnosis and treatment of many cancers.

  2. Characterization of a Reconfigurable Free-Space Optical Channel for Embedded Computer Applications with Experimental Validation Using Rapid Prototyping Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Gil-Otero

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Free-space optical interconnects (FSOIs are widely seen as a potential solution to current and future bandwidth bottlenecks for parallel processors. In this paper, an FSOI system called optical highway (OH is proposed. The OH uses polarizing beam splitter-liquid crystal plate (PBS/LC assemblies to perform reconfigurable beam combination functions. The properties of the OH make it suitable for embedding complex network topologies such as completed connected mesh or hypercube. This paper proposes the use of rapid prototyping technology for implementing an optomechanical system suitable for studying the reconfigurable characteristics of a free-space optical channel. Additionally, it reports how the limited contrast ratio of the optical components can affect the attenuation of the optical signal and the crosstalk caused by misdirected signals. Different techniques are also proposed in order to increase the optical modulation amplitude (OMA of the system.

  3. Characterization of a Reconfigurable Free-Space Optical Channel for Embedded Computer Applications with Experimental Validation Using Rapid Prototyping Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lim Theodore

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Free-space optical interconnects (FSOIs are widely seen as a potential solution to current and future bandwidth bottlenecks for parallel processors. In this paper, an FSOI system called optical highway (OH is proposed. The OH uses polarizing beam splitter-liquid crystal plate (PBS/LC assemblies to perform reconfigurable beam combination functions. The properties of the OH make it suitable for embedding complex network topologies such as completed connected mesh or hypercube. This paper proposes the use of rapid prototyping technology for implementing an optomechanical system suitable for studying the reconfigurable characteristics of a free-space optical channel. Additionally, it reports how the limited contrast ratio of the optical components can affect the attenuation of the optical signal and the crosstalk caused by misdirected signals. Different techniques are also proposed in order to increase the optical modulation amplitude (OMA of the system.

  4. Simultaneous and rapid detection of multiple pesticide and veterinary drug residues by suspension array technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Nan; Gao, Zhixian; Ma, Hongwei; Su, Pu; Ma, Xinhua; Li, Xiaoli; Ou, Guorong

    2013-03-15

    Suspension array technology is proposed for the simultaneous quantitative determination of seven kinds of pesticide and veterinary drug residues, namely, atrazine, chloramphenicol, carbaryl, clenbuterol, 17-β-estradiol, imidacloprid, and tylosin. The assay is simple and can be accomplished within 2h without repeated pumping and washing steps unlike conventional suspension arrays. The hapten-protein conjugate-coated beads bind to their complementary biotinylated antibodies using a competitive immunoassay format. The coefficients of determination R(2) for six targets were greater than 0.992, whereas that for atrazine was 0.961, which indicate good logistic correlations. The dynamic ranges for the seven targets in the 7-plex assay ranged from 2 log units to 4 log units(1.60×10(0)-1.64×10(3), 5.12×10(-2)-1.60×10(2), 1.00×10(0)-3.13×10(3), 4.00×10(-1)-4.10×10(2), 4.00×10(-1)-4.10×10(2), 5.12×10(-2)-1.60×10(2), and 2.00×10(0)-4.00×10(2)ngmL(-1)). The minimum detection concentrations of chloramphenicol, carbaryl, clenbuterol and 17-β-estradiol in the suspension array (0.05, 1.00, 0.40 and 0.40 ng mL(-1)) were lower than the corresponding limits of detection (0.25, 6.60, 24.23 and 13.96 ng mL(-1)) of using an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Environmental scanning electron microscope was employed to characterize the bead surface, which directly confirmed the reactions on the beads. The suspension array is more flexible and feasible than ELISA for the fast quantitative analysis of pesticide and veterinary drug residues. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. China’s comparative advantage still in low-tech manufacturing sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文东伟; 冼国明

    2009-01-01

    This paper represents an attempt to estimate the level of vertical specialization in China’s manufacturing industry using China’s input-output tables (1995-2005) compiled by the OECD; describe the trends of evolution in the trade competitiveness of China’s manufacturing industry using the 1995-2006 trade data of 24 Chinese industries; and examine the key factors affecting the trade competitiveness of China’s manufacturing industry in accordance with the analytical framework of Hummels et al (2001). The estimation results indicate that i) the rapid increase in the vertical specialization levels of China’s merchandise sectors (especially the high-tech manufacturing sector) has to some extent explained the explosive growth of China’s exports (especially high-tech exports) in recent years; ii) there have been no substantive changes in China’s comparative advantages. Such advantages are still attributed to the low-tech manufacturing sector. However, the comparative advantage and trade competitiveness of the high-tech manufacturing sector have been on the rise; iii) vertical specialization has signif icantly enhanced the trade competitiveness of China’s manufacturing industry. Foreign market dependence, domestic intermediate input intensity and R&D intensity have an obvious promoting effect on the trade competitiveness of China’s manufacturing industry.

  6. NASA Tech Briefs, October 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Topics covered include; Wirelessly Interrogated Position or Displacement Sensors; Ka-Band Radar Terminal Descent Sensor; Metal/Metal Oxide Differential Electrode pH Sensors; Improved Sensing Coils for SQUIDs; Inductive Linear-Position Sensor/Limit-Sensor Units; Hilbert-Curve Fractal Antenna With Radiation- Pattern Diversity; Single-Camera Panoramic-Imaging Systems; Interface Electronic Circuitry for an Electronic Tongue; Inexpensive Clock for Displaying Planetary or Sidereal Time; Efficient Switching Arrangement for (N + 1)/N Redundancy; Lightweight Reflectarray Antenna for 7.115 and 32 GHz; Opto-Electronic Oscillator Using Suppressed Phase Modulation; Alternative Controller for a Fiber-Optic Switch; Strong, Lightweight, Porous Materials; Nanowicks; Lightweight Thermal Protection System for Atmospheric Entry; Rapid and Quiet Drill; Hydrogen Peroxide Concentrator; MMIC Amplifiers for 90 to 130 GHz; Robot Would Climb Steep Terrain; Measuring Dynamic Transfer Functions of Cavitating Pumps; Advanced Resistive Exercise Device; Rapid Engineering of Three-Dimensional, Multicellular Tissues With Polymeric Scaffolds; Resonant Tunneling Spin Pump; Enhancing Spin Filters by Use of Bulk Inversion Asymmetry; Optical Magnetometer Incorporating Photonic Crystals; WGM-Resonator/Tapered-Waveguide White-Light Sensor Optics; Raman-Suppressing Coupling for Optical Parametric Oscillator; CO2-Reduction Primary Cell for Use on Venus; Cold Atom Source Containing Multiple Magneto- Optical Traps; POD Model Reconstruction for Gray-Box Fault Detection; System for Estimating Horizontal Velocity During Descent; Software Framework for Peer Data-Management Services; Autogen Version 2.0; Tracking-Data-Conversion Tool; NASA Enterprise Visual Analysis; Advanced Reference Counting Pointers for Better Performance; C Namelist Facility; and Efficient Mosaicking of Spitzer Space Telescope Images.

  7. Development and application of genotyping technologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI JinXiu; WANG Ying; HUANG Wei

    2009-01-01

    With the completion of Human Genome Project, International HapMap Project and the publication of copy number variation in human genome, a great number of accurate, rapid, and cost-effective tech-nologies for SNP analysis have been developed, promoting the research of the complex diseases. This article presents a review of widely used genotyping techniques, and the progress and prospect in the study of complex diseases in terms of the projects and achievements of Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai (CHGCs).

  8. The Risk Evaluation of Agricultural High-tech Investment Project%农业高新技术投资项目风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆迁; 苗姗姗

    2005-01-01

    The agricultural high-tech investment project (AHIP) is characterized by technology-intensive, high risk and great profit. This article analyzes essential factors of the risks of the agricultural high-tech investment projects and the traditional risk evaluation method of agricultural projects. We think that the applications of the sensitivity analysis and probability are defective. Therefore, this article introduces a structural model to evaluate the risks of the agricultural high-tech investment projects and the system of the concrete evaluation indexes.

  9. Knowledge acquisition and creation in the high-tech industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Pavanelli Stefanovitz

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the new challenges that come with the emergence of knowledge-based approaches on organizational studies. It is widely recognized, in this context, the increasing importance of understanding the processes through which companys acquire, storage, disseminate and create knowledge. This research analysis the knowledge creation and external acquisition processes in the high-tech industry, environment in which intensive use of knowledge is made. For that, it presents a case study of an R&D Division of a company present in the industrial automation market. In recognition of its innovative competence, this company won the FINEP Prize – Technological Innovation. In this study, besides the identification of the main external knowledge sources, an analysis of the knowledge types conversion observed in its product development activities is made.

  10. NASA Tech Briefs, July 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Topics: Optoelectronic Sensor System for Guidance in Docking; Hybrid Piezoelectric/Fiber-Optic Sensor Sheets; Multisensor Arrays for Greater Reliability and Accuracy; Integrated-Optic Oxygen Sensors; Ka-Band Autonomous Formation Flying Sensor; CMOS VLSI Active-Pixel Sensor for Tracking; Lightweight, Self-Deploying Foam Antenna Structures; Electrically Small Microstrip Quarter-Wave Monopole Antennas; A 2-to-28-MHz Phase-Locked Loop; Portable Electromyograph; Open-Source Software for Modeling of Nanoelectronic Devices; Software for Generating Strip Maps from SAR Data; Calibration Software for use with Jurassicprok; Software for Probabilistic Risk Reduction; Software Processes SAR Motion-Measurement Data; Improved Method of Purifying Carbon Nanotubes; Patterned Growth of Carbon Nanotubes or Nanofibers; Lightweight, Rack-Mountable Composite Cold Plate/Shelves; SiC-Based Miniature High-Temperature Cantilever Anemometer; Inlet Housing for a Partial-Admission Turbine; Lightweight Thermoformed Structural Components and Optics; Growing High-Quality InAs Quantum Dots for Infrared Lasers; Selected Papers on Protoplanetary Disks; Module for Oxygenating Water without Generating Bubbles; Coastal Research Imaging Spectrometer; Rapid Switching and Modulation by use of Coupled VCSELs; Laser-Induced-Fluorescence Photogrammetry and Videogrammetry; Laboratory Apparatus Generates Dual-Species Cold Atomic Beam; Laser Ablation of Materials for Propulsion of Spacecraft; Small Active Radiation Monitor; Hybrid Image-Plane/Stereo Manipulation; Partitioning a Gridded Rectangle into Smaller Rectangles; Digital Radar-Signal Processors Implemented in FPGAs; Part 1 of a Computational Study of a Drop-Laden Mixing Layer; and Some Improvements in Signal-Conditioning Circuits.

  11. NASA Tech Briefs, December 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Topics include: Coherent Frequency Reference System for the NASA Deep Space Network; Diamond Heat-Spreader for Submillimeter-Wave Frequency Multipliers; 180-GHz I-Q Second Harmonic Resistive Mixer MMIC; Ultra-Low-Noise W-Band MMIC Detector Modules; 338-GHz Semiconductor Amplifier Module; Power Amplifier Module with 734-mW Continuous Wave Output Power; Multiple Differential-Amplifier MMICs Embedded in Waveguides; Rapid Corner Detection Using FPGAs; Special Component Designs for Differential-Amplifier MMICs; Multi-Stage System for Automatic Target Recognition; Single-Receiver GPS Phase Bias Resolution; Ultra-Wideband Angle-of-Arrival Tracking Systems; Update on Waveguide-Embedded Differential MMIC Amplifiers; Automation Framework for Flight Dynamics Products Generation; Product Operations Status Summary Metrics; Mars Terrain Generation; Application-Controlled Parallel Asynchronous Input/Output Utility; Planetary Image Geometry Library; Propulsion Design With Freeform Fabrication (PDFF); Economical Fabrication of Thick-Section Ceramic Matrix Composites; Process for Making a Noble Metal on Tin Oxide Catalyst; Stacked Corrugated Horn Rings; Refinements in an Mg/MgH2/H2O-Based Hydrogen Generator; Continuous/Batch Mg/MgH2/H2O-Based Hydrogen Generator; Strain System for the Motion Base Shuttle Mission Simulator; Ko Displacement Theory for Structural Shape Predictions; Pyrotechnic Actuator for Retracting Tubes Between MSL Subsystems; Surface-Enhanced X-Ray Fluorescence; Infrared Sensor on Unmanned Aircraft Transmits Time-Critical Wildfire Data; and Slopes To Prevent Trapping of Bubbles in Microfluidic Channels.

  12. Hi tech microeconomics and information nonintensive calculi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Dohnal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article establishes link between the contributions made to the study of hi tech phenomena. It analyzes the evolution undergone by studies on the topic of the knowledge economics (HI-TECH process carried out by different disciplines (hard and soft sciences – sociology, ecology etc. from the point of view of the objectives they pursue. The attentions are concentrated on analysis of applicable mathematical tools used to develop realistic formal models. Information intensity is defined as the amount of information which is needed for the realistic application of a corresponding formal tool. High information intensity is desirable because it influences the model accuracy. Low information intensity is preferred when high information intensity requires more information items than are available and this is usually the case in knowledge engineering. Fuzzy models seem to be a useful extension of formal tool used in hi tech microeconomics. However, even fuzzy sets could be prohibitively information intensive. Therefore the range of available formal tools must be considerably broader. This paper introduces qualitative and semiqualitative models and rough sets. Each formal tool is briefly characterized.

  13. Development of Sci-tech Periodicals Under the Background of Big Data%大数据背景下科技期刊发展的问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚鑫; 余莹

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of information technology,human society enters into the era of big data.The ability to obtain information has become the symbol of a country's comprehensive strength.Along with the development of the market economy,science and technology periodicals,as a result of their inherent characteristics have to face the bottleneck in the development processes.Big data has a profound influence on the development of scientific journals and hasbecome the key factor to determine the success or failure of scientific and technological journals.This paper analyzes the impact of big data on the development of sci-tech periodicals,studies problems of sci-tech periodicals under the background of big data,and puts forward countermeasures for the development of sci-tech periodicals under the background of big data.%随着信息技术的快速发展,人类社会进入了大数据信息时代,获取信息的能力已成为衡量国家综合实力强弱的标志,而信息是从大数据中分析获得的.随着市场经济的不断发展,科技期刊由于其固有的特性,遇到了发展瓶颈.大数据对科技期刊的发展同样有着深远的影响,它成为决定科技期刊发展成败的关键因素.分析了大数据对科技期刊发展的影响,研究了大数据背景下科技期刊发展存在的问题,提出了发展的对策.

  14. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Topics covered include: Fused Reality for Enhanced Flight Test Capabilities; Thermography to Inspect Insulation of Large Cryogenic Tanks; Crush Test Abuse Stand; Test Generator for MATLAB Simulations; Dynamic Monitoring of Cleanroom Fallout Using an Air Particle Counter; Enhancement to Non-Contacting Stress Measurement of Blade Vibration Frequency; Positively Verifying Mating of Previously Unverifiable Flight Connectors; Radiation-Tolerant Intelligent Memory Stack - RTIMS; Ultra-Low-Dropout Linear Regulator; Excitation of a Parallel Plate Waveguide by an Array of Rectangular Waveguides; FPGA for Power Control of MSL Avionics; UAVSAR Active Electronically Scanned Array; Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) Simulator; Silicon Carbide Mounts for Fabry-Perot Interferometers; Measuring the In-Process Figure, Final Prescription, and System Alignment of Large; Optics and Segmented Mirrors Using Lidar Metrology; Fiber-Reinforced Reactive Nano-Epoxy Composites; Polymerization Initiated at the Sidewalls of Carbon Nanotubes; Metal-Matrix/Hollow-Ceramic-Sphere Composites; Piezoelectrically Enhanced Photocathodes; Iridium-Doped Ruthenium Oxide Catalyst for Oxygen Evolution; Improved Mo-Re VPS Alloys for High-Temperature Uses; Data Service Provider Cost Estimation Tool; Hybrid Power Management-Based Vehicle Architecture; Force Limit System; Levitated Duct Fan (LDF) Aircraft Auxiliary Generator; Compact, Two-Sided Structural Cold Plate Configuration; AN Fitting Reconditioning Tool; Active Response Gravity Offload System; Method and Apparatus for Forming Nanodroplets; Rapid Detection of the Varicella Zoster Virus in Saliva; Improved Devices for Collecting Sweat for Chemical Analysis; Phase-Controlled Magnetic Mirror for Wavefront Correction; and Frame-Transfer Gating Raman Spectroscopy for Time-Resolved Multiscalar Combustion Diagnostics.

  15. NASA Tech Briefs, December 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The topics include: Pattern Generator for Bench Test of Digital Boards; 670-GHz Down- and Up-Converting HEMT-Based Mixers; Lidar Electro-Optic Beam Switch with a Liquid Crystal Variable Retarder; Feedback Augmented Sub-Ranging (FASR) Quantizer; Real-Time Distributed Embedded Oscillator Operating Frequency Monitoring; Software Modules for the Proximity-1 Space Link Interleaved Time Synchronization (PITS) Protocol; Description and User Instructions for the Quaternion to Orbit v3 Software; AdapChem; Mars Relay Lander and Orbiter Overflight Profile Estimation; Extended Testability Analysis Tool; Interactive 3D Mars Visualization; Rapid Diagnostics of Onboard Sequences; MER Telemetry Processor; pyam: Python Implementation of YaM; Process for Patterning Indium for Bump Bonding; Archway for Radiation and Micrometeorite Occurrence Resistance; 4D Light Field Imaging System Using Programmable Aperture; Device and Container for Reheating and Sterilization; Radio Frequency Plasma Discharge Lamps for Use as Stable Calibration Light Sources; Membrane Shell Reflector Segment Antenna; High-Speed Transport of Fluid Drops and Solid Particles via Surface Acoustic Waves; Compact Autonomous Hemispheric Vision System; A Distributive, Non-Destructive, Real-Time Approach to Snowpack Monitoring; Wideband Single-Crystal Transducer for Bone Characterization; Numerical Simulation of Rocket Exhaust Interaction With Lunar Soil; Motion Imagery and Robotics Application (MIRA): Standards-Based Robotics; Particle Filtering for Model-Based Anomaly Detection in Sensor Networks; Ka-band Digitally Beamformed Airborne Radar Using SweepSAR Technique; Composite With In Situ Plenums; Multi-Beam Approach for Accelerating Alignment and Calibration of HyspIRI-Like Imaging Spectrometers; JWST Lifting System; Next-Generation Tumbleweed Rover; Pneumatic System for Concentration of Micrometer-Size Lunar Soil.

  16. Pop-tech-flat-fab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Griffiths

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper for the EAAE / ARCC 2008 addresses the theme of simultaneity between the digitaland analogue by examining the production of two projects. These are: a pair of prototype busstops built in Sioux City1 and a shade structure for downtown Phoenix in the USA. The conceptual basis for both these projects coincides with the question of how “phenomenon attached toa certain locality”2 might be created through advanced methods of digital fabrication. Both projects offer an apology for rapid prototyping techniques applied to an understanding of “contextualism”3.Both projects are presented first as a contextual and symbolic response to an interpretation of“locality” and then re-appraised in technical terms. In both projects these technical aspects aim to advance not only the methods of physical production but also the transition of design methodsto 1:1 fabrication. In the case of the Sioux City Bus Stops this idea is represented throughan analysis of two-dimensional cutting techniques and developable surfaces. In the case of thePhoenix Shade project this idea is then developed through fully associative digital models. Togetherthese projects attempt to accelerate the physical production of their symbolic and contextualcontent through a discussion on parametric modeling that allows an efficient productionof a set of different permutations. By associating the symbolic/contextual with the parametricthese projects suggest and alternative procedure to the traditional and prevalent trope of “digitalarchitecture” and its co-dependence upon explicitly biomorphic, computational and quasinaturalistic language.4

  17. NASA Tech Briefs, March 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Topics covered include: Improved Instrument for Detecting Water and Ice in Soil; Real-Time Detection of Dust Devils from Pressure Readings; Determining Surface Roughness in Urban Areas Using Lidar Data; DSN Data Visualization Suite; Hamming and Accumulator Codes Concatenated with MPSK or QAM; Wide-Angle-Scanning Reflectarray Antennas Actuated by MEMS; Biasable Subharmonic Membrane Mixer for 520 to 600 GHz; Hardware Implementation of Serially Concatenated PPM Decoder; Symbolic Processing Combined with Model-Based Reasoning; Presentation Extensions of the SOAP; Spreadsheets for Analyzing and Optimizing Space Missions; Processing Ocean Images to Detect Large Drift Nets; Alternative Packaging for Back-Illuminated Imagers; Diamond Machining of an Off-Axis Biconic Aspherical Mirror; Laser Ablation Increases PEM/Catalyst Interfacial Area; Damage Detection and Self-Repair in Inflatable/Deployable Structures; Polyimide/Glass Composite High-Temperature Insulation; Nanocomposite Strain Gauges Having Small TCRs; Quick-Connect Windowed Non-Stick Penetrator Tips for Rapid Sampling; Modeling Unsteady Cavitation and Dynamic Loads in Turbopumps; Continuous-Flow System Produces Medical-Grade Water; Discrimination of Spore-Forming Bacilli Using spoIVA; nBn Infrared Detector Containing Graded Absorption Layer; Atomic References for Measuring Small Accelerations; Ultra-Broad-Band Optical Parametric Amplifier or Oscillator; Particle-Image Velocimeter Having Large Depth of Field; Enhancing SERS by Means of Supramolecular Charge Transfer; Improving 3D Wavelet-Based Compression of Hyperspectral Images; Improved Signal Chains for Readout of CMOS Imagers; SOI CMOS Imager with Suppression of Cross-Talk; Error-Rate Bounds for Coded PPM on a Poisson Channel; Biomorphic Multi-Agent Architecture for Persistent Computing; and Using Covariance Analysis to Assess Pointing Performance.

  18. NASA Tech Briefs, June 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Topics covered include: iGlobe Interactive Visualization and Analysis of Spatial Data; Broad-Bandwidth FPGA-Based Digital Polyphase Spectrometer; Small Aircraft Data Distribution System; Earth Science Datacasting v2.0; Algorithm for Compressing Time-Series Data; Onboard Science and Applications Algorithm for Hyperspectral Data Reduction; Sampling Technique for Robust Odorant Detection Based on MIT RealNose Data; Security Data Warehouse Application; Integrated Laser Characterization, Data Acquisition, and Command and Control Test System; Radiation-Hard SpaceWire/Gigabit Ethernet-Compatible Transponder; Hardware Implementation of Lossless Adaptive Compression of Data From a Hyperspectral Imager; High-Voltage, Low-Power BNC Feedthrough Terminator; SpaceCube Mini; Dichroic Filter for Separating W-Band and Ka-Band; Active Mirror Predictive and Requirement Verification Software (AMP-ReVS); Navigation/Prop Software Suite; Personal Computer Transport Analysis Program; Pressure Ratio to Thermal Environments; Probabilistic Fatigue Damage Program (FATIG); ASCENT Program; JPL Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) Portal; Data::Downloader; Fault Tolerance Middleware for a Multi-Core System; DspaceOgreTerrain 3D Terrain Visualization Tool; Trick Simulation Environment 07; Geometric Reasoning for Automated Planning; Water Detection Based on Color Variation; Single-Layer, All-Metal Patch Antenna Element with Wide Bandwidth; Scanning Laser Infrared Molecular Spectrometer (SLIMS); Next-Generation Microshutter Arrays for Large-Format Imaging and Spectroscopy; Detection of Carbon Monoxide Using Polymer-Composite Films with a Porphyrin-Functionalized Polypyrrole; Enhanced-Adhesion Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes on Titanium Substrates for Stray Light Control; Three-Dimensional Porous Particles Composed of Curved, Two-Dimensional, Nano-Sized Layers for Li-Ion Batteries 23 Ultra-Lightweight; and Ultra-Lightweight Nanocomposite Foams and Sandwich Structures for Space Structure

  19. NASA Tech Briefs, August 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Topics covered include: Aligning a Receiving Antenna Array to Reduce Interference; Collecting Ground Samples for Balloon-Borne Instruments; Tethered Pyrotechnic Apparatus for Acquiring a Ground Sample; Enhanced Video-Oculography System; Joint Carrier-Phase Synchronization and LDPC Decoding; Dual-Polarization, Sideband-Separating, Balanced Receiver for 1.5 THz Modular Battery Charge Controller; Efficient Multiplexer FPGA Block Structures Based on G4FETs; VLSI Microsystem for Rapid Bioinformatic Pattern Recognition; Low-Noise Amplifier for 100 to 180 GHz; Improved Fabrication of Ceramic Matrix Composite/Foam Core Integrated Structures; Inert Welding/Brazing Gas Filters and Dryers; Fabricating Copper Nanotubes by Electrodeposition; Reducing Aerodynamic Drag on Empty Open Cargo Vehicles; Rotary Percussive Auto-Gopher for Deep Drilling and Sampling; More About Reconfigurable Exploratory Robotic Vehicles; Thermostatic Valves Containing Silicone-Oil Actuators; Improving Heat Flux Performance of Flat Surface in Spray-Cooling Systems; Treating Fibrous Insulation to Reduce Thermal Conductivity; Silica-Aerogel Composites Opacified with La(sub0.7)Sr(sub0.3)MnO3; Cyclic Oxidation Behavior of CuCrAl Cold-Sprayed Coatings for Reusable Launch Vehicles; Ceramic Fiber Structures for Cryogenic Load-Bearing Applications; Elastomer Reinforced with Carbon Nanotubes; Biologically Inspired Purification and Dispersion of SWCNTs; A Technique for Adjusting Eigenfrequencies of WGM Resonators; Low-Pressure, Field-Ionizing Mass Spectrometer; Modifying Operating Cycles to Increase Stability in a LITS; Chamber for Simulating Martian and Terrestrial Environments; Algorithm for Detecting a Bright Spot in an Image; Extreme Programming: Maestro Style; Adaptive Behavior for Mobile Robots; Protocol for Communication Networking for Formation Flying; Planning Complex Sequences Using Compressed Representations; and Self-Supervised Learning of Terrain Traversability from Proprioceptive Sensors.

  20. NASA Tech Briefs, May 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Topics covered include: Instrument for Analysis of Greenland's Glacier Mills Cryogenic Moisture Apparatus; A Transportable Gravity Gradiometer Based on Atom Interferometry; Three Methods of Detection of Hydrazines; Crossed, Small-Deflection Energy Analyzer for Wind/Temperature Spectrometer; Wavefront Correction for Large, Flexible Antenna Reflector; Novel Micro Strip-to-Waveguide Feed Employing a Double-Y Junction; Thin-Film Ferro Electric-Coupled Microstripline Phase Shifters With Reduced Device Hysteresis; Two-Stage, 90-GHz, Low-Noise Amplifier; A 311-GHz Fundamental Oscillator Using InP HBT Technology; FPGA Coprocessor Design for an Onboard Multi-Angle Spectro-Polarimetric Imager; Serrating Nozzle Surfaces for Complete Transfer of Droplets; Turbomolecular Pumps for Holding Gases in Open Containers; Triaxial Swirl Injector Element for Liquid-Fueled Engines; Integrated Budget Office Toolbox; PLOT3D Export Tool for Tecplot; Math Description Engine Software Development Kit; Astronaut Office Scheduling System Software; ISS Solar Array Management; Probabilistic Structural Analysis Program; SPOT Program; Integrated Hybrid System Architecture for Risk Analysis; System for Packaging Planetary Samples for Return to Earth; Offset Compound Gear Drive; Low-Dead-Volume Inlet for Vacuum Chamber; Simple Check Valves for Microfluidic Devices; A Capillary-Based Static Phase Separator for Highly Variable Wetting Conditions; Gimballing Spacecraft Thruster; Finned Carbon-Carbon Heat Pipe with Potassium Working Fluid; Lightweight Heat Pipes Made from Magnesium; Ceramic Rail-Race Ball Bearings; Improved OTEC System for a Submarine Robot; Reflector Surface Error Compensation in Dual-Reflector Antennas; Enriched Storable Oxidizers for Rocket Engines; Planar Submillimeter-Wave Mixer Technology with Integrated Antenna; Widely Tunable Mode-Hop-Free External-Cavity Quantum Cascade Laser; Non-Geiger-Mode Single-Photon Avalanche Detector with Low Excess Noise; Using Whispering

  1. NASA Tech Briefs, March 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The topics include: 1) Spectral Profiler Probe for In Situ Snow Grain Size and Composition Stratigraphy; 2) Portable Fourier Transform Spectroscopy for Analysis of Surface Contamination and Quality Control; 3) In Situ Geochemical Analysis and Age Dating of Rocks Using Laser Ablation-Miniature Mass Spectrometer; 4) Physics Mining of Multi-Source Data Sets; 5) Photogrammetry Tool for Forensic Analysis; 6) Connect Global Positioning System RF Module; 7) Simple Cell Balance Circuit; 8) Miniature EVA Software Defined Radio; 9) Remotely Accessible Testbed for Software Defined Radio Development; 10) System-of-Systems Technology-Portfolio-Analysis Tool; 11) VESGEN Software for Mapping and Quantification of Vascular Regulators; 12) Constructing a Database From Multiple 2D Images for Camera Pose Estimation and Robot Localization; 13) Adaption of G-TAG Software for Validating Touch and Go Asteroid Sample Return Design Methodology; 14) 3D Visualization for Phoenix Mars Lander Science Operations; 15) RxGen General Optical Model Prescription Generator; 16) Carbon Nanotube Bonding Strength Enhancement Using Metal Wicking Process; 17) Multi-Layer Far-Infrared Component Technology; 18) Germanium Lift-Off Masks for Thin Metal Film Patterning; 19) Sealing Materials for Use in Vacuum at High Temperatures; 20) Radiation Shielding System Using a Composite of Carbon Nanotubes Loaded With Electropolymers; 21) Nano Sponges for Drug Delivery and Medicinal Applications; 22) Molecular Technique to Understand Deep Microbial Diversity; 23) Methods and Compositions Based on Culturing Microorganisms in Low Sedimental Fluid Shear Conditions; 24) Secure Peer-to-Peer Networks for Scientific Information Sharing; 25) Multiplexer/Demultiplexer Loading Tool (MDMLT); 26) High-Rate Data-Capture for an Airborne Lidar System; 27) Wavefront Sensing Analysis of Grazing Incidence Optical Systems; 28) Foam-on-Tile Damage Model; 29) Instrument Package Manipulation Through the Generation and Use of an Attenuated

  2. NASA Tech Briefs, August 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Topics covered include: Miniature, Variable-Speed Control Moment Gyroscope; NBL Pistol Grip Tool for Underwater Training of Astronauts; HEXPANDO Expanding Head for Fastener-Retention Hexagonal Wrench; Diagonal-Axes Stage for Pointing an Optical Communications Transceiver; Improvements in Speed and Functionality of a 670-GHz Imaging Radar; IONAC-Lite; Large Ka-Band Slot Array for Digital Beam-Forming Applications; Development of a 150-GHz MMIC Module Prototype for Large-Scale CMB Radiation; Coupling Between Waveguide-Fed Slot Arrays; PCB-Based Break-Out Box; Multiple-Beam Detection of Fast Transient Radio Sources; Router Agent Technology for Policy-Based Network Management; Remote Asynchronous Message Service Gateway; Automatic Tie Pointer for In-Situ Pointing Correction; Jitter Correction; MSLICE Sequencing; EOS MLS Level 2 Data Processing Software Version 3; DspaceOgre 3D Graphics Visualization Tool; Metallization for Yb14MnSb11-Based Thermoelectric Materials; Solvent/Non-Solvent Sintering To Make Microsphere Scaffolds; Enhanced Fuel-Optimal Trajectory-Generation Algorithm for Planetary Pinpoint Landing; Self-Cleaning Coatings and Materials for Decontaminating Field-Deployable Land and Water-Based Optical Systems; Separation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with DEP-FFF; Li Anode Technology for Improved Performance; Post-Fragmentation Whole Genome Amplification-Based Method; Microwave Tissue Soldering for Immediate Wound Closure; Principles, Techniques, and Applications of Tissue Microfluidics; Robotic Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering and Organ Growth; Stress-Driven Selection of Novel Phenotypes; Method for Accurately Calibrating a Spectrometer Using Broadband Light; Catalytic Microtube Rocket Igniter; Stage Cylindrical Immersive Display; Vacuum Camera Cooler; Atomic Oxygen Fluence Monitor; Thermal Management Tools for Propulsion System Trade Studies and Analysis; Introduction to Physical Intelligence; Technique for Solving Electrically Small to Large Structures

  3. NASA Tech Briefs, October 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Topics covered include: Laser Truss Sensor for Segmented Telescope Phasing; Qualifications of Bonding Process of Temperature Sensors to Deep-Space Missions; Optical Sensors for Monitoring Gamma and Neutron Radiation; Compliant Tactile Sensors; Cytometer on a Chip; Measuring Input Thresholds on an Existing Board; Scanning and Defocusing Properties of Microstrip Reflectarray Antennas; Cable Tester Box; Programmable Oscillator; Fault-Tolerant, Radiation-Hard DSP; Sub-Shot Noise Power Source for Microelectronics; Asynchronous Message Service Reference Implementation; Zero-Copy Objects System; Delay and Disruption Tolerant Networking MACHETE Model; Contact Graph Routing; Parallel Eclipse Project Checkout; Technique for Configuring an Actively Cooled Thermal Shield in a Flight System; Use of Additives to Improve Performance of Methyl Butyrate-Based Lithium-Ion Electrolytes; Li-Ion Cells Employing Electrolytes with Methyl Propionate and Ethyl Butyrate Co-Solvents; Improved Devices for Collecting Sweat for Chemical Analysis; Tissue Photolithography; Method for Impeding Degradation of Porous Silicon Structures; External Cooling Coupled to Reduced Extremity Pressure Device; A Zero-Gravity Cup for Drinking Beverages in Microgravity; Co-Flow Hollow Cathode Technology; Programmable Aperture with MEMS Microshutter Arrays; Polished Panel Optical Receiver for Simultaneous RF/Optical Telemetry with Large DSN Antennas; Adaptive System Modeling for Spacecraft Simulation; Lidar-Based Navigation Algorithm for Safe Lunar Landing; Tracking Object Existence From an Autonomous Patrol Vehicle; Rad-Hard, Miniaturized, Scalable, High-Voltage Switching Module for Power Applications; and Architecture for a 1-GHz Digital RADAR.

  4. NASA Tech Briefs, November 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Topics include: Wireless Measurement of Contact and Motion Between Contact Surfaces; Wireless Measurement of Rotation and Displacement Rate; Portable Microleak-Detection System; Free-to-Roll Testing of Airplane Models in Wind Tunnels; Cryogenic Shrouds for Testing Thermal-Insulation Panels; Optoelectronic System Measures Distances to Multiple Targets; Tachometers Derived From a Brushless DC Motor; Algorithm-Based Fault Tolerance for Numerical Subroutines; Computational Support for Technology- Investment Decisions; DSN Resource Scheduling; Distributed Operations Planning; Phase-Oriented Gear Systems; Freeze Tape Casting of Functionally Graded Porous Ceramics; Electrophoretic Deposition on Porous Non- Conductors; Two Devices for Removing Sludge From Bioreactor Wastewater; Portable Unit for Metabolic Analysis; Flash Diffusivity Technique Applied to Individual Fibers; System for Thermal Imaging of Hot Moving Objects; Large Solar-Rejection Filter; Improved Readout Scheme for SQUID-Based Thermometry; Error Rates and Channel Capacities in Multipulse PPM; Two Mathematical Models of Nonlinear Vibrations; Simpler Adaptive Selection of Golomb Power-of- Two Codes; VCO PLL Frequency Synthesizers for Spacecraft Transponders; Wide Tuning Capability for Spacecraft Transponders; Adaptive Deadband Synchronization for a Spacecraft Formation; Analysis of Performance of Stereoscopic-Vision Software; Estimating the Inertia Matrix of a Spacecraft; Spatial Coverage Planning for Exploration Robots; and Increasing the Life of a Xenon-Ion Spacecraft Thruster.

  5. NASA Tech Briefs, June 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Topics covered include: Device for Measuring Low Flow Speed in a Duct, Measuring Thermal Conductivity of a Small Insulation Sample, Alignment Jig for the Precise Measurement of THz Radiation, Autoignition Chamber for Remote Testing of Pyrotechnic Devices, Microwave Power Combiners for Signals of Arbitrary Amplitude, Synthetic Foveal Imaging Technology, Airborne Antenna System for Minimum-Cycle-Slip GPS Reception, Improved Starting Materials for Back-Illuminated Imagers, Multi-Modulator for Bandwidth-Efficient Communication, Some Improvements in Utilization of Flash Memory Devices, GPS/MEMS IMU/Microprocessor Board for Navigation, T/R Multi-Chip MMIC Modules for 150 GHz, Pneumatic Haptic Interfaces, Device Acquires and Retains Rock or Ice Samples, Cryogenic Feedthrough Test Rig, Improved Assembly for Gas Shielding During Welding or Brazing, Two-Step Plasma Process for Cleaning Indium Bonding Bumps, Tool for Crimping Flexible Circuit Leads, Yb14MnSb11 as a High-Efficiency Thermoelectric Material, Polyimide-Foam/Aerogel Composites for Thermal Insulation, Converting CSV Files to RKSML Files, Service Management Database for DSN Equipment, Chemochromic Hydrogen Leak Detectors, Compatibility of Segments of Thermoelectric Generators, Complementary Barrier Infrared Detector, JPL Greenland Moulin Exploration Probe, Ultra-Lightweight Self-Deployable Nanocomposite Structure for Habitat Applications, and Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids for Electrochemical Capacitors.

  6. Rapid detection of abrin in foods with an up-converting phosphor technology-based lateral flow assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao; Zhao, Yong; Sun, Chongyun; Wang, Xiaochen; Wang, Xinrui; Zhang, Pingping; Qiu, Jingfu; Yang, Ruifu; Zhou, Lei

    2016-01-01

    Abrin is a natural plant toxin found in the seeds of Abrus precatorius. It may be used for food poisoning or bioterrorism, seriously endangering public health. In this study, a reliable method for the rapid detection of abrin in foods was developed, based on an up-converting phosphor technology-based lateral flow assay (abrin-UPT-LFA). Nine high-affinity monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against abrin were prepared, and the optimum mAbs (mAb-6F4 and mAb-10E11) were selected for use in the assay in double-antibody-sandwich mode. The assay was confirmed to be specific for abrin, with a detection sensitivity of 0.1 ng mL−1 for standard abrin solutions. Good linearity was observed for abrin quantitation from 0.1 to 1000 ng mL−1 (r = 0.9983). During the analysis of various abrin-spiked food samples, the assay showed strong sample tolerance and a satisfactory limit of detection for abrin (0.5–10 ng g−1 for solid and powdered samples; 0.30–0.43 ng mL−1 for liquid samples). The analysis of suspected food samples, from sample treatment to result feed-back, could be completed by non-professionals within 20 min. Therefore, the abrin-UPT-LFA is a rapid, sensitive, and reliable method for the on-site detection of abrin in foods. PMID:27703269

  7. Development of a rapid serological assay for the diagnosis of strongyloidiasis using a novel diffraction-based biosensor technology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian J Pak

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Strongyloidiasis is a persistent human parasitic infection caused by the intestinal nematode, Strongyloides stercoralis. The parasite has a world-wide distribution, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions with poor sanitary conditions. Since individuals with strongyloidiasis are typically asymptomatic, the infection can persist for decades without detection. Problems arise when individuals with unrecognized S. stercoralis infection are immunosuppressed, which can lead to hyper-infection syndrome and disseminated disease with an associated high mortality if untreated. Therefore a rapid, sensitive and easy to use method of diagnosing Strongyloides infection may improve the clinical management of this disease.An immunological assay for diagnosing strongyloidiasis was developed on a novel diffraction-based optical bionsensor technology. The test employs a 31-kDa recombinant antigen called NIE derived from Strongyloides stercoralis L3-stage larvae. Assay performance was tested using retrospectively collected sera from patients with parasitologically confirmed strongyloidiasis and control sera from healthy individuals or those with other parasitoses including schistosomiasis, trichinosis, echinococcosis or amebiasis who were seronegative using the NIE ELISA assay. If we consider the control group as the true negative group, the assay readily differentiated S. stercoralis-infected patients from controls detecting 96.3% of the positive cases, and with no cross reactivity observed in the control group These results were in excellent agreement (κ = 0.98 with results obtained by an NIE-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. A further 44 sera from patients with suspected S. stercoralis infection were analyzed and showed 91% agreement with the NIE ELISA.In summary, this test provides high sensitivity detection of serum IgG against the NIE Strongyloides antigen. The assay is easy to perform and provides results in less than 30 minutes

  8. Technology for rapid detection of trace microbes%痕量微生物快速检测技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛佳文; 李抄; 陈锋; 顾彪; 杨子健; 吴太虎

    2015-01-01

    痕量微生物快速检测技术结合流式细胞术和图像细胞术的功能,能够实现细胞微生物的快速检测、荧光信号量化与微生物形态的可视化,其对微生物的快速准确计数,在食品、饮用水等的质量安全检测中可以发挥重要作用,对于保证居民日常生活及身体健康具有重要实际意义。该文介绍了当前几种常用的微生物检测方法,重点阐述了痕量微生物快速检测技术的应用及优缺点,并对该技术在微生物检测方面的应用前景及发展趋势进行了展望。%Technology for rapid detection of trace microbes combined with flow cytometry and image cytometry is used for rapid detection of cells and microorganisms, quantification of fluorescent signals, and visualization of cells and mi-crobes.Its fast and accurate count of microorganisms plays an important role in detection of the quantity of food and water, and can help to improve residents′quality of life and health.This article describes several common methods for detecting microorganisms with emphasis on their advantages and disadvantages.Current applications and future developlments are also discussed.

  9. NASA Tech Briefs, March 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Topics covered include: Software Tool Integrating Data Flow Diagrams and Petri Nets; Adaptive Nulling for Interferometric Detection of Planets; Reducing the Volume of NASA Earth-Science Data; Reception of Multiple Telemetry Signals via One Dish Antenna; Space-Qualified Traveling-Wave Tube; Smart Power Supply for Battery-Powered Systems; Parallel Processing of Broad-Band PPM Signals; Inexpensive Implementation of Many Strain Gauges; Constant-Differential-Pressure Two-Fluid Accumulator; Inflatable Tubular Structures Rigidized with Foams; Power Generator with Thermo-Differential Modules; Mechanical Extraction of Power From Ocean Currents and Tides; Nitrous Oxide/Paraffin Hybrid Rocket Engines; Optimized Li-Ion Electrolytes Containing Fluorinated Ester Co-Solvents; Probabilistic Multi-Factor Interaction Model for Complex Material Behavior; Foldable Instrumented Bits for Ultrasonic/Sonic Penetrators; Compact Rare Earth Emitter Hollow Cathode; High-Precision Shape Control of In-Space Deployable Large Membrane/Thin-Shell Reflectors; Rapid Active Sampling Package; Miniature Lightweight Ion Pump; Cryogenic Transport of High-Pressure-System Recharge Gas; Water-Vapor Raman Lidar System Reaches Higher Altitude; Compact Ku-Band T/R Module for High-Resolution Radar Imaging of Cold Land Processes; Wide-Field-of-View, High-Resolution, Stereoscopic Imager; Electrical Capacitance Volume Tomography with High-Contrast Dielectrics; Wavefront Control and Image Restoration with Less Computing; Polarization Imaging Apparatus; Stereoscopic Machine-Vision System Using Projected Circles; Metal Vapor Arcing Risk Assessment Tool; Performance Bounds on Two Concatenated, Interleaved Codes; Parameterizing Coefficients of a POD-Based Dynamical System; Confidence-Based Feature Acquisition; Algorithm for Lossless Compression of Calibrated Hyperspectral Imagery; Universal Decoder for PPM of any Order; Algorithm for Stabilizing a POD-Based Dynamical System; Mission Reliability Estimation for

  10. NASA Tech Briefs, July 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Topics covered include: Instrument Suite for Vertical Characterization of the Ionosphere-Thermosphere System; Terahertz Radiation Heterodyne Detector Using Two-Dimensional Electron Gas in a GaN Heterostructure; Pattern Recognition Algorithm for High-Sensitivity Odorant Detection in Unknown Environments; Determining Performance Acceptability of Electrochemical Oxygen Sensors; Versatile Controller for Infrared Lamp and Heater Arrays; High-Speed Scanning Interferometer Using CMOS Image Sensor and FPGA Based on Multifrequency Phase-Tracking Detection; Ultra-Low-Power MEMS Selective Gas Sensors; Compact Receiver Front Ends for Submillimeter-Wave Applications; Dynamically Reconfigurable Systolic Array Accelerator; Blocking Losses With a Photon Counter; Motion-Capture-Enabled Software for Gestural Control of 3D Mod; Orbit Software Suite; CoNNeCT Baseband Processor Module Boot Code SoftWare (BCSW); Trajectory Software With Upper Atmosphere Model; ALSSAT Version 6.0; Employing a Grinding Technology to Assess the Microbial Density for Encapsulated Organisms; Demonstration of Minimally Machined Honeycomb Silicon Carbide Mirrors; Polyimide Aerogel Thin Films; Nanoengineered Thermal Materials Based on Carbon Nanotube Array Composites; Composite Laminate With Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Matching D263 Glass; Robust Tensioned Kevlar Suspension Design; Focal Plane Alignment Utilizing Optical CMM; Purifying, Separating, and Concentrating Cells From a Sample Low in Biomass; Virtual Ultrasound Guidance for Inexperienced Operators; Beat-to-Beat Blood Pressure Monitor; Non-Contact Conductivity Measurement for Automated Sample Processing Systems; An MSK Radar Waveform; Telescope Alignment From Sparsely Sampled Wavefront Measurements Over Pupil Subapertures; Method to Remove Particulate Matter from Dusty Gases at Low Pressures; Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser With Efficient Coupling and Beam Profile; Measurement Via Optical Near-Nulling and Subaperture Stitching; 885-nm Pumped

  11. NASA Tech Briefs, February 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Topics covered include: Multi-Segment Radius Measurement Using an Absolute Distance Meter Through a Null Assembly; Fiber-Optic Magnetic-Field-Strength Measurement System for Lightning Detection; Photocatalytic Active Radiation Measurements and Use; Computer Generated Hologram System for Wavefront Measurement System Calibration; Non-Contact Thermal Properties Measurement with Low-Power Laser and IR Camera System; SpaceCube 2.0: An Advanced Hybrid Onboard Data Processor; CMOS Imager Has Better Cross-Talk and Full-Well Performance; High-Performance Wireless Telemetry; Telemetry-Based Ranging; JWST Wavefront Control Toolbox; Java Image I/O for VICAR, PDS, and ISIS; X-Band Acquisition Aid Software; Antimicrobial-Coated Granules for Disinfecting Water; Range 7 Scanner Integration with PaR Robot Scanning System; Methods of Antimicrobial Coating of Diverse Materials; High-Operating-Temperature Barrier Infrared Detector with Tailorable Cutoff Wavelength; A Model of Reduced Kinetics for Alkane Oxidation Using Constituents and Species for N-Heptane; Thermally Conductive Tape Based on Carbon Nanotube Arrays; Two Catalysts for Selective Oxidation of Contaminant Gases; Nanoscale Metal Oxide Semiconductors for Gas Sensing; Lightweight, Ultra-High-Temperature, CMC-Lined Carbon/Carbon Structures; Sample Acquisition and Handling System from a Remote Platform; Improved Rare-Earth Emitter Hollow Cathode; High-Temperature Smart Structures for Engine Noise Reduction and Performance Enhancement; Cryogenic Scan Mechanism for Fourier Transform Spectrometer; Piezoelectric Rotary Tube Motor; Thermoelectric Energy Conversion Technology for High-Altitude Airships; Combustor Computations for CO2-Neutral Aviation; Use of Dynamic Distortion to Predict and Alleviate Loss of Control; Cycle Time Reduction in Trapped Mercury Ion Atomic Frequency Standards; and A (201)Hg+ Comagnetometer for (199)Hg+ Trapped Ion Space Atomic Clocks.

  12. A holistic model for matching high-tech hearing aid features to elderly patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, C E; Danhauer, J L; Krishnamurti, S

    2000-12-01

    Successful hearing aid fittings using high-technology features for elderly patients require consideration of factors beyond results obtained from routine audiologic evaluations. A holistic hearing aid selection, fitting, and evaluation approach that considers patient characteristics from communication, physical, psychological, and social assessment domains is presented here along with a checklist and flowcharts for matching high-tech hearing aid features to older persons who are hearing aid candidates.

  13. BREAKING THROUGH THE "BRICK WALL" — USING AN INTERDISCIPLINARY STRATEGY TO MARKET HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    ADAM PERRY TOW; Amit M. Joshi

    2011-01-01

    Marketing high-tech products poses challenges to classically trained marketers who may be unfamiliar with a product's underlying science or technology. Often such marketing teams, lacking scientific backgrounds, find it particularly difficult to interface with R&D and truly understand a product's inner workings — something we show to be critical to fully assessing a product for effective differentiation and marketing. By utilizing a novel marketing strategy, the Interdisciplinary Strategic Ma...

  14. 以高新医疗设备推动技术创新提升服务质量%Promoting Technological Innovation and Improving Service Quality with the Application of High-tech Medical Equipments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永昌; 汪春晖; 干振华; 杨国斌

    2012-01-01

    The role of medical equipments for diagnosis has transformed from assistant tools to important means. With the development of medical equipments, technological innovation has been promoted, which improves the quality of medical services. The important roles of high-lech medical equipments in promoting technological innovation and improving the quality of medical services will be discussed in this article. The problems which should be paid attention to during the introduction and application of the medical equipments with high technology will also be presented in terms of innovation promotion and quality improvement of medical services.%医疗设备已从过去作为疾病诊治的辅助工具,逐渐变为重要手段.医疗设备的发展,推动了技术创新,促进了医疗服务质量提升.本文主要阐述了高新医疗设备在推动技术创新、提升服务质量中的意义,剖析了各类高新医疗设备的作用,以及它们发挥作用的主要体现,并从推动技术创新、提升服务质量视角,对引进和应用高新医疗设备应注意的问题进行了探讨.

  15. NASA Tech Briefs, January 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    ) Full Piezoelectric Multilayer-Stacked Hybrid Actuation/Transduction Systems; 34) Active Flow Effectors for Noise and Separation Control; 35) Method and System for Temporal Filtering in Video Compression Systems; 36) Apparatus for Measuring Total Emissivity of Small, Low-Emissivity Samples; 37) Multiple-Zone Diffractive Optic Element for Laser Ranging Applications; 38) Simplified Architecture for Precise Aiming of a Deep-Space Communication Laser Transceiver; 39) Two-Photon-Absorption Scheme for Optical Beam Tracking; 40) High-Sensitivity, Broad-Range Vacuum Gauge Using Nanotubes for Micromachined Cavities; 41) Wide-Field Optic for Autonomous Acquisition of Laser Link; 42) Extracting Zero-Gravity Surface Figure of a Mirror; 43) Modeling Electromagnetic Scattering From Complex Inhomogeneous Objects; 44) Visual Object Recognition and Tracking of Tools; 45) Method for Implementing Optical Phase Adjustment; 46) Visual SLAM Using Variance Grid Maps; 47) Rapid Calculation of Spacecraft Trajectories Using Efficient Taylor Series Integration; 48) Efficient Kriging Algorithms; 49) Predicting Spacecraft Trajectories by the WeavEncke Method; 50) An Augmentation of G-Guidance Algorithms; 51) Comparison of Aircraft Icing Growth Assessment Software; 52) Silicon-Germanium Voltage-Controlled Oscillator at 105 GHz; 53) Estimation of Coriolis Force and Torque Acting on Ares-1; 54) Null Lens Assembly for X-Ray Mirror Segments; and 55) High-Precision Pulse Generator.

  16. 基于科技大市场体系下的嘉兴科技成果转化分析%Analysis of the Transformation of Scientific Achievements in Jiaxing City Based on Large Sci-Tech Market System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立军

    2014-01-01

    科技大市场是网上技术市场的升级版。围绕科技大市场建设目标,嘉兴应着力推动技术转移、信息发布、科技金融、咨询服务和检索查新等五大科技平台建设,推进科技成果转化。%Large sci-tech market is an upgraded version of online technology market. Around the construction goal of large sci-tech market, Jiaxing should strive to promote the construction of five sci-tech platforms,such as technology transfer, information publishing, sci-tech finance, consulting service and novelty searching, and push the transformation of sci-tech achievements.

  17. NASA Tech Briefs, April 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Topics covered include: Fully Integrated, Miniature, High-Frequency Flow Probe Utilizing MEMS Leadless SOI Technology; Nanoscale Surface Plasmonics Sensor With Nanofluidic Control; Advanced Dispersed Fringe Sensing Algorithm for Coarse Phasing Segmented Mirror Telescopes; Neural Network Back-Propagation Algorithm for Sensing Hypergols; Bulk Moisture and Salinity Sensor; Change-Based Satellite Monitoring Using Broad Coverage and Targetable Sensing; Circularly Polarized Microwave Antenna Element with Very Low Off-Axis Cross-Polarization; Ultra-Low Heat-Leak, High-Temperature Superconducting Current Leads for Space Applications; Flash Cracking Reactor for Waste Plastic Processing; An Automated Safe-to-Mate (ASTM) Tester; Wireless Chalcogenide Nanoionic-Based Radio-Frequency Switch; Compute Element and Interface Box for the Hazard Detection System; DOT Transmit Module; Composite Aerogel Multifoil Protective Shielding; Li-Ion Electrolytes with Improved Safety and Tolerance to High-Voltage Systems; Polymer-Reinforced, Non-Brittle, Lightweight Cryogenic Insulation; Controlled, Site-Specific Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes with Diazonium Salts; Regenerable Sorbent for CO2 Removal; Sprayable Aerogel Bead Compositions With High Shear Flow Resistance and High Thermal Insulation Value; Lexan Linear Shaped Charge Holder with Magnets and Backing Plate; Robotic Ankle for Omnidirectional Rock Anchors; Wind, Wave, and Tidal Energy Without Power Conditioning; An Active Heater Control Concept to Meet IXO Type Mirror Module Thermal-Structural Distortion Requirement; Waterless Clothes-Cleaning Machine; Integrated Electrical Wire Insulation Repair System; LVGEMS Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry on Satellites; Surface Inspection Tool for Optical Detection of Surface Defects; Per-Pixel, Dual-Counter Scheme for Optical Communications; Certification-Based Process Analysis; Surface Navigation Using Optimized Waypoints and Particle Swarm Optimization; Smart-Divert Powered Descent

  18. NASA Tech Briefs, May 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Cluster-Based VLBI Correlator; Hybrid NN/SVM Computational System for Optimizing Designs; Criteria for Modeling in LES of Multicomponent Fuel Flow; Computerized Machine for Cutting Space Shuttle Thermal Tiles; Orbiting Depot and Reusable Lander for Lunar Transportation; FPGA-Based Networked Phasemeter for a Heterodyne Interferometer; Aquarius Digital Processing Unit; Three-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography; Benchtop Antigen Detection Technique using Nanofiltration and Fluorescent Dyes; Isolation of Precursor Cells from Waste Solid Fat Tissue; Identification of Bacteria and Determination of Biological Indicators; Further Development of Scaffolds for Regeneration of Nerves; Chemically Assisted Photocatalytic Oxidation System; Use of Atomic Oxygen for Increased Water Contact Angles of Various Polymers for Biomedical Applications; Crashworthy Seats Would Afford Superior Protection; Open-Access, Low-Magnetic-Field MRI System for Lung Research; Microfluidic Mixing Technology for a Universal Health Sensor; Microfluidic Extraction of Biomarkers using Water as Solvent; Microwell Arrays for Studying Many Individual Cells; Droplet-Based Production of Liposomes; and Identifying and Inactivating Bacterial Spores

  19. NASA Tech Briefs, June 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Topics include: Real-Time Minimization of Tracking Error for Aircraft Systems; Detecting an Extreme Minority Class in Hyperspectral Data Using Machine Learning; KSC Spaceport Weather Data Archive; Visualizing Acquisition, Processing, and Network Statistics Through Database Queries; Simulating Data Flow via Multiple Secure Connections; Systems and Services for Near-Real-Time Web Access to NPP Data; CCSDS Telemetry Decoder VHDL Core; Thermal Response of a High-Power Switch to Short Pulses; Solar Panel and System Design to Reduce Heating and Optimize Corridors for Lower-Risk Planetary Aerobraking; Low-Cost, Very Large Diamond-Turned Metal Mirror; Very-High-Load-Capacity Air Bearing Spindle for Large Diamond Turning Machines; Elevated-Temperature, Highly Emissive Coating for Energy Dissipation of Large Surfaces; Catalyst for Treatment and Control of Post-Combustion Emissions; Thermally Activated Crack Healing Mechanism for Metallic Materials; Subsurface Imaging of Nanocomposites; Self-Healing Glass Sealants for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Electrolyzer Cells; Micromachined Thermopile Arrays with Novel Thermo - electric Materials; Low-Cost, High-Performance MMOD Shielding; Head-Mounted Display Latency Measurement Rig; Workspace-Safe Operation of a Force- or Impedance-Controlled Robot; Cryogenic Mixing Pump with No Moving Parts; Seal Design Feature for Redundancy Verification; Dexterous Humanoid Robot; Tethered Vehicle Control and Tracking System; Lunar Organic Waste Reformer; Digital Laser Frequency Stabilization via Cavity Locking Employing Low-Frequency Direct Modulation; Deep UV Discharge Lamps in Capillary Quartz Tubes with Light Output Coupled to an Optical Fiber; Speech Acquisition and Automatic Speech Recognition for Integrated Spacesuit Audio Systems, Version II; Advanced Sensor Technology for Algal Biotechnology; High-Speed Spectral Mapper; "Ascent - Commemorating Shuttle" - A NASA Film and Multimedia Project DVD; High-Pressure, Reduced-Kinetics Mechanism for N

  20. NASA Tech Briefs, October 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Topics covered include: Hybrid Architecture Active Wavefront Sensing and Control; Carbon-Nanotube-Based Chemical Gas Sensor; Aerogel-Positronium Technology for the Detection of Small Quantities of Organic and/or Toxic Materials; Graphene-Based Reversible Nano-Switch/Sensor Schottky Diode; Inductive Non-Contact Position Sensor; High-Temperature Surface-Acoustic-Wave Transducer; Grid-Sphere Electrodes for Contact with Ionospheric Plasma; Enabling IP Header Compression in COTS Routers via Frame Relay on a Simplex Link; Ka-Band SiGe Receiver Front-End MMIC for Transponder Applications; Robust Optimization Design Algorithm for High-Frequency TWTs; Optimal and Local Connectivity Between Neuron and Synapse Array in the Quantum Dot/Silicon Brain; Method and Circuit for In-Situ Health Monitoring of Solar Cells in Space; BGen: A UML Behavior Network Generator Tool; Platform for Post-Processing Waveform-Based NDE; Electrochemical Hydrogen Peroxide Generator; Fabrication of Single, Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes in 3D Nanoscale Architectures; Process to Create High-Fidelity Lunar Dust Simulants; Lithium-Ion Electrolytes Containing Phosphorous-Based, Flame-Retardant Additives; InGaP Heterojunction Barrier Solar Cells; Straight-Pore Microfilter with Efficient Regeneration; Determining Shear Stress Distribution in a Laminate; Self-Adjusting Liquid Injectors for Combustors; Handling Qualities Prediction of an F-16XL-Based Reduced Sonic Boom Aircraft; Tele-Robotic ATHLETE Controller for Kinematics - TRACK; Three-Wheel Brush-Wheel Sampler; Heterodyne Interferometer Angle Metrology; Aligning Astronomical Telescopes via Identification of Stars; Generation of Optical Combs in a WGM Resonator from a Bichromatic Pump; Large-Format AlGaN PIN Photodiode Arrays for UV Images; Fiber-Coupled Planar Light-Wave Circuit for Seed Laser Control in High Spectral Resolution Lidar Systems; On Calculating the Zero-Gravity Surface Figure of a Mirror; Optical Modification of Casimir Forces for

  1. NASA Tech Briefs, January 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Contents of this issue are: (1) Energy-Based Tetrahedron Sensor for High-Temperature, High-Pressure Environments (2) Handheld Universal Diagnostic Sensor (3) Large-Area Vacuum Ultraviolet Sensors (4) Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor System for Monitoring Smart Composite Aerospace Structures (5) Health-Enabled Smart Sensor Fusion Technology (6) Extended-Range Passive RFID and Sensor Tags (7) Hybrid Collaborative Learning for Classification and Clustering in Sensor Networks (8) Self-Healing, Inflatable, Rigidizable Shelter (9) Improvements in Cold-Plate Fabrication (10) Technique for Radiometer and Antenna Array Calibration - TRAAC (11) Real-Time Cognitive Computing Architecture for Data Fusion in a Dynamic Environment (12) Programmable Digital Controller (13) Use of CCSDS Packets Over SpaceWire to Control Hardware (14) Key Decision Record Creation and Approval Module (15) Enhanced Graphics for Extended Scale Range (16) Debris Examination Using Ballistic and Radar Integrated Software (17) Data Distribution System (DDS) and Solar Dynamic Observatory Ground Station (SDOGS) (18) Integration Manager (19) Eclipse-Free-Time Assessment Tool for IRIS (20) Automated and Manual Rocket Crater Measurement Software (21) MATLAB Stability and Control Toolbox Trim and Static Stability Module (22) Patched Conic Trajectory Code (23) Ring Image Analyzer (24) SureTrak Probability of Impact Display (25) Implementation of a Non-Metallic Barrier in an Electric Motor (26) Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Heat Exchangers for the Mars Science Laboratory Rover (27) Uniform Dust Distributor for Testing Radiative Emittance of Dust-Coated Surfaces (28) MicroProbe Small Unmanned Aerial System (29) Highly Stable and Active Catalyst for Sabatier Reactions (30) Better Proton-Conducting Polymers for Fuel-Cell Membranes (31) CCD Camera Lens Interface for Real-Time Theodolite Alignment (32) Peregrine 100-km Sounding Rocket Project (33) SOFIA Closed- and Open-Door Aerodynamic Analyses (34

  2. NASA Tech Briefs, Februrary 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Topics covered include: Measurements of Ultra-Stable Oscillator (USO) Allan Deviations in Space; Gaseous Nitrogen Orifice Mass Flow Calculator; Validation of Proposed Metrics for Two-Body Abrasion Scratch Test Analysis Standards; Rover Low Gain Antenna Qualification for Deep Space Thermal Environments; Automated, Ultra-Sterile Solid Sample Handling and Analysis on a Chip; Measuring and Estimating Normalized Contrast in Infrared Flash Thermography; Spectrally and Radiometrically Stable, Wideband, Onboard Calibration Source; High-Reliability Waveguide Vacuum/Pressure Window; Methods of Fabricating Scintillators With Radioisotopes for Beta Battery Applications; Magnetic Shield for Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerators (ADR); CMOS-Compatible SOI MESFETS for Radiation-Hardened DC-to-DC Converters; Silicon Heat Pipe Array; Adaptive Phase Delay Generator; High-Temperature, Lightweight, Self-Healing Ceramic Composites for Aircraft Engine Applications; Treatment to Control Adhesion of Silicone-Based Elastomers; High-Temperature Adhesives for Thermally Stable Aero-Assist Technologies; Rockballer Sample Acquisition Tool; Rock Gripper for Sampling, Mobility, Anchoring, and Manipulation; Advanced Magnetic Materials Methods and Numerical Models for Fluidization in Microgravity and Hypogravity; Data Transfer for Multiple Sensor Networks Over a Broad Temperature Range; Using Combustion Synthesis to Reinforce Berms and Other Regolith Structures; Visible-Infrared Hyperspectral Image Projector; Three-Axis Attitude Estimation With a High-Bandwidth Angular Rate Sensor Change_Detection.m; AGATE: Adversarial Game Analysis for Tactical Evaluation; Ionospheric Simulation System for Satellite Observations and Global Assimilative; Modeling Experiments (ISOGAME); An Extensible, User- Modifiable Framework for Planning Activities; Mission Operations Center (MOC) - Precipitation Processing System (PPS) Interface Software System (MPISS); Automated 3D Damaged Cavity Model Builder for Lower

  3. NASA Tech Briefs, January 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Topics include: Single-Photon-Sensitive HgCdTe Avalanche Photodiode Detector; Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Using Silica Whispering-Gallery Mode Resonators; 3D Hail Size Distribution Interpolation/Extrapolation Algorithm; Color-Changing Sensors for Detecting the Presence of Hypergolic Fuels; Artificial Intelligence Software for Assessing Postural Stability; Transformers: Shape-Changing Space Systems Built with Robotic Textiles; Fibrillar Adhesive for Climbing Robots; Using Pre-Melted Phase Change Material to Keep Payloads in Space Warm for Hours without Power; Development of a Centrifugal Technique for the Microbial Bioburden Analysis of Freon (CFC-11); Microwave Sinterator Freeform Additive Construction System (MS-FACS); DSP/FPGA Design for a High-Speed Programmable S-Band Space Transceiver; On-Chip Power-Combining for High-Power Schottky Diode-Based Frequency Multipliers; FPGA Vision Data Architecture; Memory Circuit Fault Simulator; Ultra-Compact Transputer-Based Controller for High-Level, Multi-Axis Coordination; Regolith Advanced Surface Systems Operations Robot Excavator; Magnetically Actuated Seal; Hybrid Electrostatic/Flextensional Mirror for Lightweight, Large-Aperture, and Cryogenic Space Telescopes; System for Contributing and Discovering Derived Mission and Science Data; Remote Viewer for Maritime Robotics Software; Stackfile Database; Reachability Maps for In Situ Operations; JPL Space Telecommunications Radio System Operating Environment; RFI-SIM: RFI Simulation Package; ION Configuration Editor; Dtest Testing Software; IMPaCT - Integration of Missions, Programs, and Core Technologies; Integrated Systems Health Management (ISHM) Toolkit; Wind-Driven Wireless Networked System of Mobile Sensors for Mars Exploration; In Situ Solid Particle Generator; Analysis of the Effects of Streamwise Lift Distribution on Sonic Boom Signature; Rad-Tolerant, Thermally Stable, High-Speed Fiber-Optic Network for Harsh Environments; Towed Subsurface Optical

  4. NASA Tech Briefs, April 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Topics covered include: Amperometric Solid Electrolyte Oxygen Microsensors with Easy Batch Fabrication; Two-Axis Direct Fluid Shear Stress Sensor for Aerodynamic Applications; Target Assembly to Check Boresight Alignment of Active Sensors; Virtual Sensor Test Instrumentation; Evaluation of the Reflection Coefficient of Microstrip Elements for Reflectarray Antennas; Miniaturized Ka-Band Dual-Channel Radar; Continuous-Integration Laser Energy Lidar Monitor; Miniaturized Airborne Imaging Central Server System; Radiation-Tolerant, SpaceWire-Compatible Switching Fabric; Small Microprocessor for ASIC or FPGA Implementation; Source-Coupled, N-Channel, JFET-Based Digital Logic Gate Structure Using Resistive Level Shifters; High-Voltage-Input Level Translator Using Standard CMOS; Monitoring Digital Closed-Loop Feedback Systems; MASCOT - MATLAB Stability and Control Toolbox; MIRO Continuum Calibration for Asteroid Mode; GOATS Image Projection Component; Coded Modulation in C and MATLAB; Low-Dead-Volume Inlet for Vacuum Chamber; Thermal Control Method for High-Current Wire Bundles by Injecting a Thermally Conductive Filler; Method for Selective Cleaning of Mold Release from Composite Honeycomb Surfaces; Infrared-Bolometer Arrays with Reflective Backshorts; Commercialization of LARC (trade mark) -SI Polyimide Technology; Novel Low-Density Ablators Containing Hyperbranched Poly(azomethine)s; Carbon Nanotubes on Titanium Substrates for Stray Light Suppression; Monolithic, High-Speed Fiber-Optic Switching Array for Lidar; Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Power System; Spectroelectrochemical Instrument Measures TOC; A Miniaturized Video System for Monitoring Drosophila Behavior; Hydrofocusing Bioreactor Produces Anti-Cancer Alkaloids; Creep Measurement Video Extensometer; Radius of Curvature Measurement of Large Optics Using Interferometry and Laser Tracker n-B-pi-p Superlattice Infrared Detector; Safe Onboard Guidance and Control Under Probabilistic Uncertainty; General Tool for Evaluating

  5. SSR-Patchwork: An Optimized Protocol to Obtain a Rapid and Inexpensive SSR Library Using First-Generation Sequencing Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonietta Di Maio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Premise of the study: We have optimized a version of a microsatellite loci isolation protocol for first-generation sequencing (FGS technologies. The protocol is optimized to reduce the cost and number of steps, and it combines some procedures from previous simple sequence repeat (SSR protocols with several key improvements that significantly affect the final yield of the SSR library. This protocol may be accessible for laboratories with a moderate budget or for which next-generation sequencing (NGS is not readily available. Methods and Results: We drew from classic protocols for library enrichment by digestion, ligation, amplification, hybridization, cloning, and sequencing. Three different systems were chosen: two with very different genome sizes (Galdieria sulphuraria, 10 Mbp; Pancratium maritimum, 30000 Mbp, and a third with an undetermined genome size (Kochia saxicola. Moreover, we also report the optimization of the sequencing reagents. A good frequency of the obtained microsatellite loci was achieved. Conclusions: The method presented here is very detailed; comparative tests with other SSR protocols are also reported. This optimized protocol is a promising tool for low-cost genetic studies and the rapid, simple construction of homemade SSR libraries for small and large genomes.

  6. SSR-patchwork: An optimized protocol to obtain a rapid and inexpensive SSR library using first-generation sequencing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Maio, Antonietta; De Castro, Olga

    2013-01-01

    We have optimized a version of a microsatellite loci isolation protocol for first-generation sequencing (FGS) technologies. The protocol is optimized to reduce the cost and number of steps, and it combines some procedures from previous simple sequence repeat (SSR) protocols with several key improvements that significantly affect the final yield of the SSR library. This protocol may be accessible for laboratories with a moderate budget or for which next-generation sequencing (NGS) is not readily available. • We drew from classic protocols for library enrichment by digestion, ligation, amplification, hybridization, cloning, and sequencing. Three different systems were chosen: two with very different genome sizes (Galdieria sulphuraria, 10 Mbp; Pancratium maritimum, 30 000 Mbp), and a third with an undetermined genome size (Kochia saxicola). Moreover, we also report the optimization of the sequencing reagents. A good frequency of the obtained microsatellite loci was achieved. • The method presented here is very detailed; comparative tests with other SSR protocols are also reported. This optimized protocol is a promising tool for low-cost genetic studies and the rapid, simple construction of homemade SSR libraries for small and large genomes.

  7. The rapid determination of fat and protein content in fresh raw milk using the laser light scattering technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Qi; Zhi Ling, Hou; Jian Long, Tian; Zhu, Yu

    2006-08-01

    The aim was to develop a simple and rapid method for determination of fat and protein content in milk. Based on the laser light scattering theory, the ratio of the scattered light (at 90±0.05° scattering angles) intensity to the transmitted light intensity, which is called scattered-transmitted-ratio method, is adopted as the optical parameter representing the milk fat content and the protein content. In this way, the influence of the fluctuation of the power of the light source is eliminated and the accuracy of determination is improved accordingly. The system we use is real-time and can satisfy the challenging requirements of dairy farming. Results of this study indicate the feasibility of using this technology for fresh milk fat and protein analysis. The fat contents and protein contents of 50 milk samples determined by this method were consistent with the values obtained by the reference methods based on Rose-Gottlieb method and Kjeldahl determination of N method. In this paper, the operating principle of the instrument is introduced and the influence of the environmental conditions, such as the homogenization pressure and homogenization temperature, etc. on the result of the test is analyzed. Through data analysis, the concrete schemes for testing the fat using the curve fitting and testing the protein using the surface fitting technique are determined. Finally, the difference from the reference values of the test is discussed.

  8. Development of rapid bioconversion with integrated recycle technology for ethanol production from extractive ammonia pretreated corn stover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Mingjie; Liu, Yanping; da Costa Sousa, Leonardo; Dale, Bruce E; Balan, Venkatesh

    2017-08-01

    High enzyme loading and low productivity are two major issues impeding low cost ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. This work applied rapid bioconversion with integrated recycle technology (RaBIT) and extractive ammonia (EA) pretreatment for conversion of corn stover (CS) to ethanol at high solids loading. Enzymes were recycled via recycling unhydrolyzed solids. Enzymatic hydrolysis with recycled enzymes and fermentation with recycled yeast cells were studied. Both enzymatic hydrolysis time and fermentation time were shortened to 24 h. Ethanol productivity was enhanced by two times and enzyme loading was reduced by 30%. Glucan and xylan conversions reached as high as 98% with an enzyme loading of as low as 8.4 mg protein per g glucan. The overall ethanol yield was 227 g ethanol/kg EA-CS (191 g ethanol/kg untreated CS). Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2017;114: 1713-1720. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Algorithms for Planning Robot Paths; Compressible Flow Toolbox; Rapid Aeroelastic Analysis of Blade Flutter in Turbomachines; General Flow-Solver Code for Turbomachinery Applications; Code for Multiblock CFD and Heat-Transfer Computations; Rotating-Pump Design Code; Covering a Crucible with Metal Containing Channels; Repairing Fractured Bones by Use of Bioabsorbable Composites; Kalman Filter for Calibrating a Telescope Focal Plane; Electronic Absolute Cartesian Autocollimator; Fiber-Optic Gratings for Lidar Measurements of Water Vapor; Simulating Responses of Gravitational-Wave Instrumentation; SOFTC: A Software Correlator for VLBI; Progress in Computational Simulation of Earthquakes; Database of Properties of Meteors; Computing Spacecraft Solar-Cell Damage by Charged Particles; Thermal Model of a Current-Carrying Wire in a Vacuum; Program for Analyzing Flows in a Complex Network; Program Predicts Performance of Optical Parametric Oscillators; Processing TES Level-1B Data; Automated Camera Calibration; Tracking the Martian CO2 Polar Ice Caps in Infrared Images; Processing TES Level-2 Data; SmaggIce Version 1.8; Solving the Swath Segment Selection Problem; The Spatial Standard Observer; Less-Complex Method of Classifying MPSK; Improvement in Recursive Hierarchical Segmentation of Data; Using Heaps in Recursive Hierarchical Segmentation of Data; Tool for Statistical Analysis and Display of Landing Sites; Automated Assignment of Proposals to Reviewers; Array-Pattern-Match Compiler for Opportunistic Data Analysis; Pre-Processor for Compression of Multispectral Image Data; Compressing Image Data While Limiting the Effects of Data Losses; Flight Operations Analysis Tool; Improvement in Visual Target Tracking for a Mobile Robot; Software for Simulating Air Traffic; Automated Vectorization of Decision-Based Algorithms; Grayscale Optical Correlator Workbench; "One-Stop Shopping" for Ocean Remote-Sensing and Model Data; State Analysis Database Tool; Generating CAHV and CAHVOmages with

  10. THE IMPLICATIONS OF INNOVATION PROCESS ON THE MARKETING OF HIGH-TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BALASESCU SIMONA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the role and importance of the Open Innovation Model on the marketing activity developed by the companies from the high-technology industry. In this area, the technology is advancing continuously and new products are appearing rapidly. Competition on high-tech market is very tough and not all companies have the resources to cope with change. For these companies, the ideal solution is to apply the Open Innovation Model. The paper includes some results of a qualitative marketing research which had as main objective finding the opinions of managers from high-tech industry regarding the need for innovation process and the choice of the most effective innovation strategies.

  11. Universities, the US High Tech Advantage, and the Process of Globalization. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.8.2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglass, John Aubrey

    2008-01-01

    Research universities throughout the world are part of a larger effort by nation-states to bolster science and technological innovation and compete economically. The US remains highly competitive as a source of High Tech (HT) innovation because of a number of market positions, many the result of long term investments in institutions such as…

  12. 技术能力与产业链整合能力的相互关系研究——以金发科技为例%The Research of the Mutual Relation between the Technology Ability and the Industrial Chain Integration Capability: A Case Study of Kingfa Tech.Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振刚; 郑少贤

    2013-01-01

    After the literature review,this paper constructs the framework of the mutual relationship of the technology ability and the industrial chain integration capability,and chooses the leading enterprise in the advanced polymer materials industry,Kingfa Tech.Co.,Ltd.,as a case study.The results showed that,firstly,the technology ability and the industrial chain integration capability reflected certain coincidence in the knowledge carriers and knowledge flows.Secondly,the technology innovation ability is the basis of the enhancement of industrial chain integration capability,while the latter is an effective path of the enhancement of the former.Thirdly,the mutual relation between the technology ability and the industrial chain integration capability has a coupling effect.The mutual match of the two can promote the integrated ability of the corporation in a greater extent.%本文通过文献回顾,本文构建了技术能力与产业链整合能力的相互关系分析框架,并选取我国先进聚合物材料产业的龙头企业金发科技作为案例进行研究.研究发现:①技术能力与产业链整合能力在知识载体、知识流动方面体现出一定的重合性;②技术能力是企业提高产业链整合能力的保障,而产业链整合是企业提升技术能力的有效途径;③企业技术能力和产业链整合能力存在耦合关系,两者的相互匹配能够在更大程度上促进企业综合能力的提升.

  13. Regional development strategy of high-tech industry: The case of Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adžić Sofija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The initial thesis in the present work is that the solution of the problem of improving the competiveness of the economy of Vojvodina indispensably should open the room for the development of high-tech industries, in the first line on the basis of dynamic entrepreneurship and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs. Emphasis in the research is on the analysis of the problem of inappropriate institutional order as a factor blocking innovative entrepreneurial conduct, technological development and economic valorization of high technologies, efficient socio-economic coordination of individual development initiatives and larger orientation of financial capital to risky investments in new industries. In this context, the most important limiting factors of development and economic valorization of high technologies in Vojvodina are defined as: (1 absence of socio-economic motivation for innovative behavior and manufacturing entrepreneurship, (2 low availability of skilled and internationally competent labour, (3 poor quality of regional, subregional and local STIEOT infrastructure, (4 orientation of regional financial infrastructure to credit imports and population and (5 low efficiency of regional, sub regional and local administrative and public services in eliminating above problems. In the light of those observations the operationalization of the concrete contents of development strategy for high-tech industries in Vojvodina is defined as a measure of ability to include regional, subregional and local institutions and public services to find how to solve the following problems: 1. providing conditions for internationally competent training of entrepreneurs, managers and expert teams in the function of acquiring necessary knowledge for the implementation of modern technological, managerial and organizational solutions needed for the foundation and dynamic development of high-tech enterprises, 2. provision of technical and economic support

  14. ARCTIC FOUNDATIONS, INC. FREEZE BARRIER TECHNOLOGY; INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arctic Foundations, Inc. (AFI), of Anchorage, Alaska has developed a freeze barrier technology designed to prevent the migration of contaminants in groundwater by completely isolating contaminant source areas until appropriate remediation techniques can be applied. With this tech...

  15. Discussion on the Humanistic Care in Information Tech-nology Teaching in Junior Middle School%刍议初中信息技术教学中的人文关怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪琛

    2015-01-01

    As the teaching content and teaching mode have changed correspondingly along with the gradual education re-form, junior middle school teachers shall timely adjust their own teaching concepts and reform the teaching methods, thereby mo-tivating the learning enthusiasm of the students and improving the teaching quality. At present, there is a phenomenon of "valuing the technology, ignoring the humanity"in information technology teaching in junior middle school, and the teacher takes himself as the leading factor of teaching and ignores the humanistic care for the students, which weakens the learning initiative of the stu-dents. This paper briefly investigates the connotation of humanis-tic care, analyzes the weaknesses in information technology teaching in junior middle school currently, and puts forward spe-cific improvement measures in order to improve the teaching quality and lay a solid foundation for the development of the stu-dents.%随着当前教学改革进程的逐步深入,教学内容及教学模式也相应发生了变化,作为初中教师,应及时调整自身的观念,对教学方法进行改革,从而帮助学生激发学习积极性,提高教学质量。当前,初中信息技术课程教学期间存在着“重技术,轻人文”的情况,教师以自身作为教学主导,忽视了对学生的人文关怀,从而减弱了学生的学习积极性。本文简要探究了人文关怀的内涵,分析了目前初中信息技术课程教学存在的不足,并提出具体的改进措施,目的在于提高教学质量,为学生以后发展夯实基础。

  16. High Energy Physics Research at Louisiana Tech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawyer, Lee [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Greenwood, Zeno [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Wobisch, Marcus [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

    2013-06-28

    The goal of this project was to create, maintain, and strengthen a world-class, nationally and internationally recognized experimental high energy physics group at Louisiana Tech University, focusing on research at the energy frontier of collider-based particle physics, first on the DØ experiment and then with the ATLAS experiment, and providing leadership within the US high energy physics community in the areas of jet physics, top quark and charged Higgs decays involving tau leptons, as well as developing leadership in high performance computing.

  17. AARP iPad Tech to Connect

    CERN Document Server

    Boyd, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    The world is at your fingertips with iPad! AARP iPad: Tech to Connect introduces you to the world?s most popular tablet device, the iPad, and all the amazing things it has to offer. In clear, non-technical language, this book guides you through registering and setting up your iPad, getting acquainted with the multitouch interface, navigating around the screen, finding and downloading apps, reading books, listening to music, watching videos, surfing the web, and communicating with friends and family. Developed in partnership with AARP and dedicated to helping readers stay connected with friends

  18. Discussion on Practice Teaching Mode of Printing Tech-nology Major in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职印刷技术专业实践教学模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡艺

    2013-01-01

      本文以重庆商务职业学院为例,对高职印刷技术专业实践教学模式进行了较为深入的研究和探讨。通过“2311”分段式校外实践教学模式的实践和研究,获得了一些经验,并取得较好的效果。%Taking Chongqing Business Vocational College for an example, this paper made a deep research and analysis on prac-tice teaching mode of printing technology major in higher voca-tional colleges. Through the research, the writer achieved good effect and gained some experience.

  19. 躯体形式障碍患者中枢神经递质功能的脑涨落图分析%Analysis on brain neurotransmitter in the patients with somatoform disorders disease by encephalofluctuograph tech-nology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡垒

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics of the brain neurotransmitters on the patients with somatoform dis-orders disease by encephalofluctuograph technology (ET), discuss the value of ET on the diagnose and treatment of somatoform disorders disease. Methods 36 patients with somatoform disorders (patients group) and 33 normal controls (control group) were selected. The patients encephaloelectrical power signals before the treatment, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 2 months after the treatment were detected by using encephalofluctuograph technology. Results Compared with the normal group, the powers of six brain neurotransmitters significantly decreased (P0.05). Compared with the patients group before the treatment and 2 weeks after the treatment , the powers of six brain neurotransmitters were sig-nificantly higher (P0.05),患者组治疗后4周、两个月6种中枢神经递质实测功率高于治疗前及治疗后两周(P<0.05)。患者组治疗前、治疗后两周5-HT、DA、NA、Ach 相对功率均低于正常组(P<0.05);患者组治疗后4周和治疗后两个月的5-HT、DA、NA、Ach相对功率均高于治疗前及治疗后两周(P<0.05)。结论躯体形式障碍患者全脑整体功能下降。予5-HT再摄取抑制剂治疗后临床症状可改善。脑涨落图仪可用来检测躯体形式障碍患者的脑神经递质。

  20. Empirical Research on Teaching Based on Mobile Tech-nology in Vocational Education%职业教育中基于移动技术的教学实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张黎豪

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education is an important part of China's e-ducation cause, and an indispensable force of China's teaching reform. This paper discusses the application of mobile learning to vocational education, so as to improve teaching quality, construct an interactive teaching mode based on mobile technology. It uses basic computer course to make the empirical research.%  职业教育是我国教育事业的重要组成部分,是我国教育教学改革的一支不可缺少的力量。本文探讨将移动学习包裹进有鲜明需求和特点的职业教育中,以提高课程教学质量为目的,建构基于移动技术的交互教学模式,并以计算机应用基础课程为例进行实证研究。

  1. A Brief Discussion on the Application of Multimedia Tech-nology to Volleyball Teaching%浅谈排球课程教学中多媒体技术的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万宁

    2013-01-01

      多媒体教学手段能够较好地弥补传统排球教学的不足,充分激发学生对排球技能学习的兴趣,是优化排球教学的有效手段。本文从排球教学的实际情况入手,探讨多媒体技术与排球课程教学整合的可行性与相关原则,并在此基础上提出了具体的教学策略,希望能够为排球课程教学改革提供一点助益。%Multimedia teaching can better make up the shortcom-ings of traditional volleyball teaching, fully stimulate students' in-terest in learning volleyball skills, so it an effective measure to optimize volleyball teaching. Starting from the real situation of volleyball teaching, this paper explores the feasibility and rele-vant principles of integrating multimedia technology with volley-ball teaching, and proposes concrete teaching strategies, hoping to benefit the reform of volleyball teaching.

  2. TechTrends 2010-2015: A Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stauffer, Eric

    2017-01-01

    This study is a content analysis of articles published within the journal "TechTrends" from 2000 to 2015. The study reveals that the publication "TechTrends" has increased the overall number of peer reviewed original papers over the last 6 years. The author describes the proportion of these original papers per volume and…

  3. Georgia tech catalog of gravitational waveforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jani, Karan; Healy, James; Clark, James A.; London, Lionel; Laguna, Pablo; Shoemaker, Deirdre

    2016-10-01

    This paper introduces a catalog of gravitational waveforms from the bank of simulations by the numerical relativity effort at Georgia Tech. Currently, the catalog consists of 452 distinct waveforms from more than 600 binary black hole simulations: 128 of the waveforms are from binaries with black hole spins aligned with the orbital angular momentum, and 324 are from precessing binary black hole systems. The waveforms from binaries with non-spinning black holes have mass-ratios q = m 1/m 2 ≤ 15, and those with precessing, spinning black holes have q ≤ 8. The waveforms expand a moderate number of orbits in the late inspiral, the burst during coalescence, and the ring-down of the final black hole. Examples of waveforms in the catalog matched against the widely used approximate models are presented. In addition, predictions of the mass and spin of the final black hole by phenomenological fits are tested against the results from the simulation bank. The role of the catalog in interpreting the GW150914 event and future massive binary black-hole search in LIGO is discussed. The Georgia Tech catalog is publicly available at einstein.gatech.edu/catalog.

  4. Challenges to achievement of metal sustainability in our high-tech society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izatt, Reed M; Izatt, Steven R; Bruening, Ronald L; Izatt, Neil E; Moyer, Bruce A

    2014-04-21

    Achievement of sustainability in metal life cycles from mining of virgin ore to consumer and industrial devices to end-of-life products requires greatly increased recycling rates and improved processing of metals using conventional and green chemistry technologies. Electronic and other high-tech products containing precious, toxic, and specialty metals usually have short lifetimes and low recycling rates. Products containing these metals generally are incinerated, discarded as waste in landfills, or dismantled in informal recycling using crude and environmentally irresponsible procedures. Low recycling rates of metals coupled with increasing demand for high-tech products containing them necessitate increased mining with attendant environmental, health, energy, water, and carbon-footprint consequences. In this tutorial review, challenges to achieving metal sustainability, including projected use of urban mining, in present high-tech society are presented; health, environmental, and economic incentives for various government, industry, and public stakeholders to improve metal sustainability are discussed; a case for technical improvements, including use of molecular recognition, in selective metal separation technology, especially for metal recovery from dilute feed stocks is given; and global consequences of continuing on the present path are examined.

  5. Using a Mixed Model to Evaluate Job Satisfaction in High-Tech Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Sang-Bing; Huang, Chih-Yao; Wang, Cheng-Kuang; Chen, Quan; Pan, Jingzhou; Wang, Ge; Wang, Jingan; Chin, Ta-Chia; Chang, Li-Chung

    2016-01-01

    R&D professionals are the impetus behind technological innovation, and their competitiveness and capability drive the growth of a company. However, high-tech industries have a chronic shortage of such indispensable professionals. Accordingly, reducing R&D personnel turnover has become a major human resource management challenge facing innovative companies. This study combined importance-performance analysis (IPA) with the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method to propose an IPA-DEMATEL model. Establishing this model involved three steps. First, an IPA was conducted to measure the importance of and satisfaction gained from job satisfaction criteria. Second, the DEMATEL method was used to determine the causal relationships of and interactive influence among the criteria. Third, a criteria model was constructed to evaluate job satisfaction of high-tech R&D personnel. On the basis of the findings, managerial suggestions are proposed.

  6. PRODUCTION RISKS AND ECONOMIC HAZARDS OF MODERN HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khrustalev E. Y.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that when the plans for the creation and production of modern high-tech innovative products for different purposes it is necessary to consider all possible risks and dangers that accompany modern innovative projects. New approaches to the planning of the development of science-intensive industries should ensure that the accounting and the management of risk situations of the financialeconomic, scientific-technical and industrialtechnological character. One of the promising directions of the domestic output of the industrial complex from its current unstable state is a strategic planning and forecasting of its activity, the development strategies should be based on an evaluation of available enterprise resources, the lack of which leads to stagnation. With active government support the company can successfully implement a strategy of stabilization and progress through cooperation and diversification of production and to make a technological breakthrough in creating high-tech products of new generation

  7. Research on the Nonlinear Effects of Technology Spillover from FDI on the High-Tech Industry in China: An Empirical Study Based on the Panel Data of Domestic Enterprises and Foreign Venture Enterprises on 13 Segmented Industries%FDI对我国高技术产业技术溢出的非线性效应——基于13个细分行业内资企业和外资企业面板数据的实证检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春雨; 王伟强

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study the technology spillover effect of FDI on the high-tech industry in China based on the panel smooth transition regression model.The results show that there exist significant nonlinear relation between FDI and technology progress in high-tech industry, and human capital, technology gap and foreign capital all have a threshold effect on the technology spillover effect of FDI.With the improvement of human capital level, the adverse effect of FDI on technology progress in high-tech industry is gradually narrowing.However, with the expansion of technology gap and foreign capital, the promoting effects of FDI on technology progress in high-tech industry gradually decline.%外商直接投资主要通过人员流动效应、竞争效应和示范效应三种方式对内资企业生产率产生技术外溢,但实证研究并未取得一致结论.基于1996-2011年我国高技术产业13个细分行业的内资企业和外资企业面板数据,运用面板平滑迁移回归(PSTR)模型实证检验外商直接投资对我国高技术产业的技术溢出效应,发现外商直接投资与我国高技术产业技术进步之间有显著的非线性关系.人力资本、技术差距以及外资规模对FDI的技术溢出存在明显的"门槛效应".外商直接投资对我国高技术产业技术进步的促进作用,随人力资本水平提升而上升,但随技术差距扩大和外资规模扩张而逐步减小.

  8. 破解我国科技型中小企业融资难的密钥--科技银行经营模式解析%Key to Financing Difficulties in High-tech SME--Analysis of the Operation Mode of Technology Banks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈游

    2015-01-01

    As for small and medium-sized technology-based enterprises,entrepreneurs would rather introduce commer⁃cial banks and other financial institutions to provide credit funds than introduce equity capital to dilute the stock rights. But there is structural imbalance between the outstanding features of small and medium-sized technology-based enter⁃prises--namely high increase rate,high profits and high risks and the operational rules of commercial banks in China, causing credit funds' failure to massively enter into medium-small-sized enterprises of science and technology at this stage of development. Yet technology banks mainly participate in business operation by means of creditor's rights, and get repaid after companies' refinancing by venture capital or the third-party organization's investment. The operation mode of technology banks is the exact key to solve difficulties in small and medium-sized technology-based enterprises. The pa⁃per analyses the operation mode of technology banks and suggests that China should take advantage of the present mode of commercial banks to establish new mode of hi-tech financing specially for small and medium-sized enterprises.%对于科技型中小企业,创业者更愿意引入商业银行等金融机构提供的债权性资金,而不愿引入权益资本稀释股权。但科技型中小企业这种高增长、高盈利以及高风险的突出特点与商业银行的经营准则之间有着结构性矛盾,造成债权性资金不能大量进入处在这一发展阶段的科技型中小企业。而科技银行主要通过债权的方式参与企业经营,从企业利用风险投资再融资和第三方机构的投资获得偿还。科技银行的经营模式正是解决国内科技型中小企业的融资难问题的密钥。论文分析了科技银行的经营模式,并提出我国要利用现有的商业银行模式,建立专门为科技型中小企业融资服务的科技金融新模式。

  9. DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: PCP IMMUNOASSAY TECHNOLOGIES - PENTA RISC BY ENSYS INC., PENTA RAPID BY OHMICRON CORP., ENVIROGARD BY MILLIPORE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objectives of this demonstration were to test these field screening technologies for accuracy and precision in detecting Pentachlorophenol (PCP) levels in soil and water by comparing their results with those of a confirmatory laboratory. The three immunoassay technologies ...

  10. Product Innovation in High-tech SMEs: A Case Study of Weili Electronics Co.,Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Zheng; LI Shi-ming

    2006-01-01

    Product innovation is an important strategy for high-tech firms, especially for small and medium enterprises. This paper proposes that the technological strategies for SMEs are dynamic and during different phase, there is different innovation strategy which leads to various market performances. In particular, through the case study of Weili Electronics Co., Ltd, we find that organizational learning abilities play a fundamental role in strategic decision. In addition, the frameworks for the determinants of technological strategies in three stages are established to illustrate the evolutionary processes of product innovation in Weili Electronics Co., Ltd.

  11. PARTICULARITIES OF MARKETING DECISIONS FOR INNOVATIVE COMPANIES FROM HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the specific way for companies in high tech industry to develop their marketing activity. The companies in this industry are struggling to create and then sell a range of innovative products. High technology products are complex and they enhance a certain level of uncertainty regarding their utility. Due to their novelty (absolute or incremental the products are accepted by consumers harder than the ordinary consumer products. This paper presents the main results of a qualitative marketing research based on the opinions of managers from high technology industry on specific marketing strategies and tools used to create and launch new products.

  12. Kinect Technology Game Play to Mimic Quake Catcher Network (QCN) Sensor Deployment During a Rapid Aftershock Mobilization Program (RAMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilb, D. L.; Yang, A.; Rohrlick, D.; Cochran, E. S.; Lawrence, J.; Chung, A. I.; Neighbors, C.; Choo, Y.

    2011-12-01

    The Kinect technology allows for hands-free game play, greatly increasing the accessibility of gaming for those uncomfortable using controllers. How it works is the Kinect camera transmits invisible near-infrared light and measures its "time of flight" to reflect off an object, allowing it to distinguish objects within 1 centimeter in depth and 3 mm in height and width. The middleware can also respond to body gestures and voice commands. Here, we use the Kinect Windows SDK software to create a game that mimics how scientists deploy seismic instruments following a large earthquake. The educational goal of the game is to allow the players to explore 3D space as they learn about the Quake Catcher Network's (QCN) Rapid Aftershock Mobilization Program (RAMP). Many of the scenarios within the game are taken from factual RAMP experiences. To date, only the PC platform (or a Mac running PC emulator software) is available for use, but we hope to move to other platforms (e.g., Xbox 360, iPad, iPhone) as they become available. The game is written in programming language C# using Microsoft XNA and Visual Studio 2010, graphic shading is added using High Level Shader Language (HLSL), and rendering is produced using XNA's graphics libraries. Key elements of the game include selecting sensor locations, adequately installing the sensor, and monitoring the incoming data. During game play aftershocks can occur unexpectedly, as can other problems that require attention (e.g., power outages, equipment failure, and theft). The player accrues points for quickly deploying the first sensor (recording as many initial aftershocks as possible), correctly installing the sensors (orientation with respect to north, properly securing, and testing), distributing the sensors adequately in the region, and troubleshooting problems. One can also net points for efficient use of game play time. Setting up for game play in your local environment requires: (1) the Kinect hardware ( $145); (2) a computer

  13. Supplier challenges in health tech innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    Suppliers, in particular small innovative firms, is an important contributor not only for innovation in health-tech, but also a component to consider in the light of the emerging policy interest for using public procurement as a means to stimulate innovation. Research on barriers preventing...... these firms from providing innovations to public health authorities is therefore easily justified. Although substantive knowledge already prevails on the topic, it appears to be a lack in the literature concerning small innovative firms. To help to overcome this gap the paper discusses preliminary case study...... findings collected in the context of the Baltic Sea Health Region HealthPort project. The overall aim with the project was to facilitate ‘business acceleration’ by providing support, training and bridging innovative SMEs and health care organisations ultimately to strengthen the Baltic Sea Region health...

  14. "Sci-Tech - Couldn't be without it !"

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-01

    Launch of a Major European Outreach Programme Seven of Europe's leading Research Organizations [1] launch joint outreach programme for the European Science and Technology Week at the Technopolis Museum in Brussels on 22 March. Their aim is to show Europeans how today's society couldn't be without fundamental research . Could you imagine life without mobile phones, cars, CD players, TV, refrigerators, computers, the internet and the World Wide Web, antibiotics, vitamins, anaesthetics, vaccination, heating, pampers, nylon stockings, glue, bar codes, metal detectors, contact lenses, modems, laser printers, digital cameras, gameboys, play stations...? Technology is everywhere and used by everyone in today's society, but how many Europeans suspect that without studies on the structure of the atom, lasers would not exist, and neither would CD players? Most do not realise that most things they couldn't be without have required years of fundamental research . To fill this knowledge gap, the leading Research Organizations in Europe [1], with the support of the research directorate of the European Commission, have joined forces to inform Europeans how technology couldn't be without science, and how science can no longer progress without technology. The project is called...... Sci-Tech - Couldn't be without it! Sci-Tech - Couldn't be without it! invites Europeans to vote online in a survey to identify the top ten technologies they can't live without. It will show them through a dynamic and entertaining Web space where these top technologies really come from, and it will reveal their intimate links with research. Teaching kits will be developed to explain to students how their favourite gadgets actually work, and how a career in science can contribute to inventions that future generations couldn't be without. The results of the survey will be presented as a series of quiz shows live on the Internet during the Science Week, from 4 to 10 November. Sci-tech - Couldn't be without

  15. Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Garbesi, Karina

    2011-07-20

    It is well established that energy efficiency is most often the lowest cost approach to reducing national energy use and minimizing carbon emissions. National investments in energy efficiency to date have been highly cost-effective. The cumulative impacts (out to 2050) of residential energy efficiency standards are expected to have a benefit-to-cost ratio of 2.71:1. This project examined energy end-uses in the residential, commercial, and in some cases the industrial sectors. The scope is limited to appliances and equipment, and does not include building materials, building envelopes, and system designs. This scope is consistent with the scope of DOE's appliance standards program, although many products considered here are not currently subject to energy efficiency standards. How much energy could the United States save if the most efficient design options currently feasible were adopted universally? What design features could produce those savings? How would the savings from various technologies compare? With an eye toward identifying promising candidates and strategies for potential energy efficiency standards, the Max Tech and Beyond project aims to answer these questions. The analysis attempts to consolidate, in one document, the energy savings potential and design characteristics of best-on-market products, best-engineered products (i.e., hypothetical products produced using best-on-market components and technologies), and emerging technologies in research & development. As defined here, emerging technologies are fundamentally new and are as yet unproven in the market, although laboratory studies and/or emerging niche applications offer persuasive evidence of major energy-savings potential. The term 'max tech' is used to describe both best-engineered and emerging technologies (whichever appears to offer larger savings). Few best-on-market products currently qualify as max tech, since few apply all available best practices and components. The

  16. Construction and Research of Evaluation Indicator System for Technological Innovation Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaolang; LI; Ying; LIANG; Boli; LU

    2013-01-01

    In view of sci-tech innovation and innovation-driving requirements of Chinese President Xi Jinping,it is necessary to establish a complete evaluation indicator system for technological innovation performance in Guizhou Province,to accurately evaluate development situation of technological innovation in Guizhou Province,promote close connection of science and technology with economy,and boost rapid development of national economy. In Guizhou Province,there is still no complete evaluation indicator system for technological innovation performance, so it is impossible to comprehensively reflect its technological innovation situation. On the basis of analyzing regional technological innovation and development of Guizhou Province,this paper presents evaluation principles,analysis framework and evaluation methods and gives countermeasures and recommendations for evaluation indicator system for technological innovation performance in Guizhou Province.

  17. A Professional Mode of the Transformation of Sci-tech Achievements in Scientific Research Institutions of Tianjin City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Fu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available There are too many scientific research institutions in Tianjin, and the scientific research activities are very active. The transformation of Sci-tech achievements is badly in need of a set of suitable and standardized mode, and how to establish this kind of mode is an important problem faced by researchers of Tianjin Sci-tech development. Based on analyzing the situation in Tianjin research activities, the paper proposes a way to solving this problem--the professional mode of the transformation of Sci-tech achievements, illustrates the connotation of the professional mode, and describes the implement environment and the specific operation progress. According to the characteristics of factors in Tianjin, such as society, government, market, industrial technology and so on, the paper designs the professional mode of the transformation of Sci-tech achievements, which is suitable for the characteristics of Tianjin, and which plays an important role in promoting the development of the productive force in science and technology of Tianjin.

  18. 金属快速成型技术的研究进展%Research Review of Metal Rapid Prototyping Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单雪海; 周建平; 许燕

    2016-01-01

    介绍了国内外的金属快速成型技术的研究现状、 进展以及存在的问题,该技术主要包括:选择性激光烧结、 选区激光熔化、 激光近净成形和三维堆焊技术.最后,提出了金属快速成型技术未来发展的方向.%The research status, development and existing problems of metal rapid prototyping technology at home and abroad were introduced , which included selective laser sintering (SLS), selective laser melting (SLM), laser engineered net shaping (LENS) and three-dimensional welding.Finally several development direction of metal rapid prototyping technology were put forward.

  19. Potential of multispectral imaging technology for rapid and non-destructive determination of the microbiological quality of beef filets during aerobic storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Panagou, Efstathios Z.; Papadopoulou, Olga; Carstensen, Jens Michael

    2014-01-01

    samples and correlated with microbiological data (log counts), for total viable counts (TVCs), Pseudomonas spp., and Brochothrix thermosphacta. Qualitative analysis (PLS-DA) was employed for the discrimination of meat samples in three microbiological quality classes based on the values of total viable....... thermosphacta, and TVC, respectively. The results indicated that multispectral vision technology has significant potential as a rapid and non-destructive technique in assessing the microbiological quality of beef fillets....

  20. DOD Initiatives to Rapidly Transition Advanced Coating and Surface Finishing Technologies for Military Turbine Engine Manufacture and Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-21

    of PEWG Projects Involving Plating, Coating, and Surface Finishing • Advanced thermal spray coatings (HVOF) • Electrospark deposition • Laser...EWI, GEAE, P&W, Rolls-Royce FUNDING SOURCES RTOC STATUS OC-ALC request for FY06 Funding 3/21/2005 22 Other Technologies • Electrospark Deposition for...Aircraft Engines PEWG MANAGER Chuck Alford, Anteon Corp TECHNOLOGY OPPORTUNITY ADVANTAGES: Kinetic spray technologies deposit thick coatings with a

  1. FinTech – What's in a Name?

    OpenAIRE

    Zavolokina, Liudmila; Dolata, Mateusz; Schwabe, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    FinTech, the word which originates from marriage of “finance” and “technology”, designates currently a novel, innovative and emerging field which attracts attention from the publicity. At the moment there is no universal understanding and definition of FinTech in the research, however, the topic is widely addressed by the English- and German-speaking press. In this study we aim to make insights into how the press and other popular media understand and frame FinTech, discussing definitions tha...

  2. Fee-based services in sci-tech libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Mount, Ellis

    2013-01-01

    This timely and important book explores how fee-based services have developed in various types of sci-tech libraries. The authoritative contributors focus on the current changing financial aspects of the sci-tech library operation and clarify for the reader how these changes have brought about conditions in which traditional methods of funding are no longer adequate. What new options are open and how they are best being applied in today's sci-tech libraries is fully and clearly explained and illustrated. Topics explored include cost allocation and cost recovery, fees for computer searching, an

  3. An analisys of consumers’ expenditures on high-tech products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dovleac, L.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available High – tech products are gradually adopted by consumers, who become to consider them indispensable. Their acquisition requires each time a pretty significant financial investment and a serious decision with a high perceived risk. In this paper we intend to analyse some financial issues related to high-tech products purchased by consumers from Brasov city in 2009, such as: the amount of money spent on high tech products, the financial sources used, the connections between expenditures and consumer’s characteristics.

  4. China's High-tech Exports: Myth and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Xing, Yuqing

    2011-01-01

    China’s leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics, which are inconsistent with the trade based on global supply chains. Assembled high-tech products, made with imported key parts and components, accounted for 82% of China’s high-tech exports. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of these assembled products to China, thus greatly inflate the export value. For instance, in 2009 China’s export in the iPhone amounted US$4.6 billion, o...

  5. FinTech – What's in a Name?

    OpenAIRE

    Zavolokina, Liudmila; Dolata, Mateusz; Schwabe, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    FinTech, the word which originates from marriage of “finance” and “technology”, designates currently a novel, innovative and emerging field which attracts attention from the publicity. At the moment there is no universal understanding and definition of FinTech in the research, however, the topic is widely addressed by the English- and German-speaking press. In this study we aim to make insights into how the press and other popular media understand and frame FinTech, discussing definitions tha...

  6. VOLTTRON™: Tech-to-Market Best-Practices Guide for Small- and Medium-Sized Commercial Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cort, Katherine A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Haack, Jereme N. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Katipamula, Srinivas [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Nicholls, Andrew K. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2016-07-11

    VOLTTRON™ is an open-source distributed control and sensing platform developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy. It was developed to be used by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to support transactive controls research and deployment activities. VOLTTRON is designed to be an overarching integration platform that could be used to bring together vendors, users, and developers and enable rapid application development and testing. The platform is designed to support modern control strategies, including the use of agent- and transaction-based controls. It also is designed to support the management of a wide range of applications, including heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems; electric vehicles; and distributed-energy and whole-building loads. This report was completed as part of the Building Technologies Office’s Technology-to-Market Initiative for VOLTTRON’s Market Validation and Business Case Development efforts. The report provides technology-to-market guidance and best practices related to VOLTTRON platform deployments and commercialization activities for use by entities serving small- and medium-sized commercial buildings. The report characterizes the platform ecosystem within the small- and medium-sized commercial building market and articulates the value proposition of VOLTTRON for three core participants in this ecosystem: 1) platform owners/adopters, 2) app developers, and 3) end-users. The report also identifies key market drivers and opportunities for open platform deployments in the small- and medium-sized commercial building market. Possible pathways to the market are described—laboratory testing to market adoption to commercialization. We also identify and address various technical and market barriers that could hinder deployment of VOLTTRON. Finally, we provide “best practice” tech-to-market guidance for building energy-related deployment efforts serving small- and

  7. METHODS OF EVALUATION OF FINANCIAL EFFICIENCY OF HIGH-TECH PROJECTORIENTED COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matyushok V. M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the research is a complex of high-tech manufacturing companies integrated and functioning in the form of project-oriented companies that are complex dynamic systems with increased efficiency due to changes in its structure and functions, institutional adaptation or use of project management techniques and optimization. The article reveals peculiarities of assessment methods financial performance knowledge-based project-oriented businesses, the main of which is that companies consider their activities as separate independent projects, which have their cost centers and profit. The author's solution to the problem of choosing the optimal investment project among several possible within the framework of the investment program or portfolio of projects, which can be mutually independent of each other, or mutually interdependent. The aim of the work is to study the possibilities and prospects of organizational and economic mechanisms for the use of project campaign for the effective management of knowledge-based enterprises that will quickly adopt new technologies and create optimal production structure. The results will be useful for the public authorities responsible for the development of high-tech industries as well as public and private companies wishing to profitably participate in the implementation of major innovative projects and programs. In the course of the study suggested methods for evaluating the effectiveness of high-tech project-oriented businesses, allowing them to identify the main advantages and disadvantages in meeting their specific production problems

  8. Pricing and inventory policies for Hi-tech products under replacement warranty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsao, Yu-Chung; Teng, Wei-Guang; Chen, Ruey-Shii; Chou, Wang-Ying

    2014-06-01

    Companies, especially in the Hi-tech (high-technology) industry (such as computer, communication and consumer electronic products), often provide a replacement warranty period for purchased items. In reality, simultaneously determining the price and inventory decisions under warranty policy is an important issue. The objective of this paper is to develop a joint pricing and inventory model for Hi-tech products under replacement warranty policy. In the first model, we consider a Hi-tech product feature in which the selling price is declining in a trend. We determine the optimal inventory level for each period and retail price for the first period while maximising the total profit. In the second model, we further determine the optimal retail price and inventory level for each period in the dynamic demand market. This study develops solution approaches to solve the problems described above. Numerical analysis discusses the influence of system parameters on the company's decisions and behaviours. The results of this study could serve as a reference for business managers or administrators.

  9. School Security Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Tod

    2010-01-01

    Over the past decade electronic security technology has evolved from an exotic possibility into an essential safety consideration. Before resorting to high-tech security solutions, school officials should think carefully about the potential for unintended consequences. Technological fixes may be mismatched to the problems being addressed. They can…

  10. Tech Tips: Using Video Management/ Analysis Technology in Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.A. Spiers

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents tips on how to use video in qualitative research. The author states that, though there many complex and powerful computer programs for working with video, the work done in qualitative research does not require those programs. For this work, simple editing software is sufficient. Also presented is an easy and efficient method of transcribing video clips.

  11. EnviroTech: Enhancing Environmental Literacy and Technology Assessment Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Mary Annette

    2010-01-01

    It is no coincidence that many of the "Grand Challenges for Engineering" (National Academy of Engineering, 2007-2010)--such as carbon sequestration--address environmental problems that were precipitated by human inventiveness and engineering achievements. Although people recognize their dependence upon environmental processes to provide essential…

  12. INTERIM REPORT ON THE EVOLUTION AND PERFORMANCE OF THE EICHROM TECHNOLOGIES PROCEPT RAPID DIOXIN ASSAY FOR SOIL AND SEDIMENT SAMPLES

    Science.gov (United States)

    A demonstration of screening technologies for determining the presence of dioxin and dioxin-like compounds in soil and sediment was conducted under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's(EPA's) Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in Saginaw, Michigan in 2004. T...

  13. Chemical Technology Division progress report, October 1, 1989--June 30, 1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-01

    This progress report reviews the mission of the Chemical Technology Division (Chem Tech) and presents a summary of organizational structure, programmatic sponsors, and funding levels for the period October 1, 1988, through June 30, 1991. The report also summarizes the missions and activities of organizations within Chem Tech for the reporting period. Specific projects performed within Chem Tech`s energy research programs, waste and environmental programs, and radiochemical processing programs are highlighted. Other information regarding publications, patents, awards, and conferences organized by Chem Tech staff is also included.

  14. Chemical Technology Division progress report, July 1, 1991--December 31, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genung, R.K.; Hightower, J.R.; Bell, J.T.

    1993-05-01

    This progress report reviews the mission of the Chemical Technology Division (Chem Tech) and presents a summary of organizational structure, programmatic sponsors, and funding levels for the period July 1, 1991, through December 31, 1992. The report also summarizes the missions and activities of organizations within Chem Tech for the reporting period. Specific projects performed within Chem Tech`s energy research programs, waste and environmental programs, and radiochemical processing programs are highlighted. Special programmatic activities conducted by the division are identified and described. Other information regarding publications, patents, awards, and conferences organized by Chem Tech staff is also included.

  15. Development and application of rapid screening technology and its evaluation and authentication profiles%快速筛选技术的评价验证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵博; 张庆合; 李红梅

    2014-01-01

    快速筛选技术是指包括样品制备在内,能够在较短时间内出具检测结果的行为,也称之为快速检测技术。随着我国食品安全问题广受关注,快速筛选技术便成为研究的重点。快速检测目前主要应用于食品中农、兽药残留,微生物致病菌,营养成分,不明污染物等针对食品安全的现场快速检测及常规检测。本文介绍了分子光谱法、免疫分析方法、酶抑制法和生物传感器等几种快速筛选技术的研究进展以及在食品安全检测等领域的应用。随着快速筛选技术的不断发展使得快速检测方法及其相关仪器产品种类越来越多且原理复杂,快速检测方法的质量控制和方法验证显得尤为重要。本文重点阐述了快速筛选技术与方法的评价验证,其主要技术参数包括:敏感度、阴性和阳性界限值的准确性、选择性和特异性、检出限、定量限、重复性和再现性等,并对其发展前景进行了展望。%Rapid screening technology means, including sample preparation, a kind of technology to be able to issue the test results in a short time. It was also defined as rapid detection technology. It was mainly used in food, pesticide, veterinary drug residues, microbial pathogens, nutrients, and unknown contaminants, etc. Rapid screening technology had become the focus of research as well as the food safety in our country. Several technologies of the rapid screening method were mainly introduced, including molecular spectrometry, immunoassay, enzyme inhibition method, and biological sensors,etc. With the continuous development of rapid screening technology, rapid detection methods and related equipment products appeared more and more, and their quality control and validation method turned to be particularly important. In this paper, the development and application of the rapid screening technology in food safety were expounded as well as its evaluation methods

  16. Biomedical Engineering Bionanosystems Research at Louisiana Tech University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmer, James; Lvov, Yuri; Hegab, Hisham; Snow, Dale; Wilson, Chester; McDonald, John; Walker, Lynn; Pratt, Jon; Davis, Despina; Agarwal, Mangilal; DeCoster, Mark; Feng, June; Que, Long; O' Neal, Chad; Guilbeau, Eric; Zivanovic, Sandra; Dobbins, Tabbetha; Gold, Scott; Mainardi, Daniela; Gowda, Shathabish; Napper, Stan

    2010-03-25

    The nature of this project is to equip and support research in nanoengineered systems for biomedical, bioenvironmental, and bioenergy applications. Funds provided by the Department of Energy (DoE) under this Congressional Directive were used to support two ongoing research projects at Louisiana Tech University in biomedical, bioenvironmental, and bioenergy applications. Two major projects (Enzyme Immobilization for Large Scale Reactors to Reduce Cellulosic Ethanol Costs, and Nanocatalysts for Coal and Biomass Conversion to Diesel Fuel) and to fund three to five additional seed projects were funded using the project budget. The project funds also allowed the purchase and repair of sophisticated research equipment that will support continued research in these areas for many years to come. Project funds also supported faculty, graduate students, and undergraduate students, contributing to the development of a technically sophisticated work force in the region and the State. Descriptions of the technical accomplishments for each funded project are provided. Biofuels are an important part of the solution for sustainable transportation fuel and energy production for the future. Unfortunately, the country's appetite for fuel cannot be satisfied with traditional sugar crops such as sugar cane or corn. Emerging technologies are allowing cellulosic biomass (wood, grass, stalks, etc.) to also be converted into ethanol. Cellulosic ethanol does not compete with food production and it has the potential to decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 86% versus current fossil fuels (current techniques for corn ethanol only reduce greenhouse gases by 19%). Because of these advantages, the federal government has made cellulosic ethanol a high priority. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) requires a minimum production of at least 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2022. Indeed, the Obama administration has signaled an ambitious commitment of achieving

  17. Virginia Tech, Sweet Briar College formalize student exchange program

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Virginia Tech and Sweet Briar College have formalized a student exchange program that will broaden the education opportunities of students, provide a diverse campus environment, and facilitate cooperation and collaboration among student and faculty at each institution.

  18. Lavender Commencement Ceremony to honor LGBT graduates at Virginia Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Shannon, Kelly Baker

    2010-01-01

    The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Caucus at Virginia Tech is sponsoring the Second Annual Lavender Commencement Ceremony, which will be held on May 13 at 11 a.m. in the Old Dominion Ballroom of Squires Student Center.

  19. Events Scheduled for Virginia Tech's Black History Month

    OpenAIRE

    Felker, Susan B.

    2004-01-01

    A variety of lectures, discussions, performances and displays will be held during Virginia Tech's observance of Black History Month. Events begin Jan. 19 and run through Feb. 28 and are free an open to the public (except where noted).

  20. The Trail Inventory of Bayou Teche NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this inventory are...

  1. Virginia Tech Horse Judging Team leaves its mark in Texas

    OpenAIRE

    Greiner, Lori A.

    2010-01-01

    The Virginia Tech Horse Judging Team completed a successful spring competition season with a win at the American Paint Horse Association's Spring Intercollegiate Horse Judging Sweepstakes in Fort Worth, Texas.

  2. Virginia Tech remains among best values in public higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Virginia Tech is again ranked among the top public colleges and universities in the nation that offer a high quality educational experience at an affordable price, according to "Kiplinger's Personal Finance" magazine.

  3. Virginia Tech's Cook Counseling Center receives international counseling accreditation

    OpenAIRE

    DeLauder, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    The Virginia Tech Thomas E. Cook Counseling Center has been accredited by the International Association of Counseling Services, Inc., an organization of United States, Canadian, and Australian counseling agencies based in Alexandria, Va.

  4. Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Bayou Teche NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the Refuge vision and purpose...

  5. Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuges Habitat Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Bayou Teche NWR Habitat Management Plan provides a long-term vision and specific guidance on managing habitats for the resources of concern at Bayou Sauvage NWR,...

  6. The Support of Ancient Sci-tech Thought to Modern Sci-tech Innovation%中国古代科技思想对现代科技创新的支持

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程建鹏

    2015-01-01

    The sci-tech innovation can’t be separated from the accumulation of the former generation, and the sci-tech thought and concept possesses the guiding function for the development of science and technology. Some advanced concepts in ancient science and technology, which can provide nutrients for the development of modern science and technology, have important significance for speeding up the construction of sci-tech innovation system and promoting the independent innovation ability of core technologies.%科技创新离不开前代的积累,科技思想和理念对科技发展具有指导作用,古代科技的一些先进理念能为现代科技的发展提供养料,对加快构建技术创新体系,提升核心技术自主创新能力有重要意义。

  7. Virginia Tech creates Caribbean center for education and research

    OpenAIRE

    Felker, Susan B.

    2006-01-01

    Virginia Tech has established a research, education, and outreach center in the Caribbean that will serve as part of a broad strategy to create international centers of scholarship around the world. The Caribbean Center for Education and Research (CCER) in Punta Cana, on the eastern tip of the Dominican Republic, will allow Virginia Tech faculty to conduct research as well as instruct students on biodiversity, environmental and social sustainability, global issues in natural resources, and ho...

  8. Promoting High-tech Industrialization through Mechanism Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Haiyan; Zhao Baohua

    2002-01-01

    @@ With the further implementation of the knowledge innovation program (KIP), piloted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), encouraging progress has been made in contributing to the development of the country's high-tech industry, and forging S&T cooperation with local governments and industrial sectors. This was revealed at the Second CAS Conference on High-tech Industrialization April 25 - 29 in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province.

  9. Allina Health System's approach to high tech and high touch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, T A

    1997-01-01

    All health care providers, regardless of their integration status, must meet customer expectations to maintain market share and viability. The balance between high tech and high touch customer interactions is not a fad or trend. For integrated health systems with the full continuum of medical care, additional challenges are presented by the organization's competing health care delivery and financing components. Allina Health System describes its integrated health system approach to satisfying customer high tech and high touch needs.

  10. Improved pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile of rapid-acting insulin using needle-free jet injection technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engwerda, E.E.; Abbink, E.J.; Tack, C.J.J.; Galan, B.E. de

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Insulin administered by jet injectors is dispensed over a larger subcutaneous area than insulin injected with a syringe, which may facilitate a more rapid absorption. This study compared the pharmacologic profile of administration of insulin aspart by jet injection to that by conventional

  11. State-of-the-art technologies for rapid and high-throughput sample preparation and analysis of N-glycans from antibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aich, Udayanath; Lakbub, Jude; Liu, Aston

    2016-06-01

    Glycosylation is a PTM that occurs during production of many protein-based biologic drugs and can have a profound impact on their biological, clinical, and pharmacological properties. Quality by design, process optimization, and advance in manufacturing technology create a demand for robust, sensitive, and accurate profiling and quantification of antibody glycosylation. Potential drawbacks in antibody glycosylation profiling include the high hands-on time required for sample preparation and several hours for data acquisition and analysis. Rapid and high-throughput (HTP) N-glycan profiling and characterization along with automation for sample preparation and analysis are essential for extensive antibody glycosylation analysis due to the substantial improvement of turnaround time. The first part of this review article will focus on the recent progress in rapid and HTP sample preparation and analysis of antibody glycosylation. Subsequently, the article will cover a brief overview of various separation and mass spectrometric methods for the rapid and HTP analysis of N-glycans in antibodies. Finally, we will discuss the recent developments in process analytical technologies for the screening and quantification of N-glycans in antibodies.

  12. Enabling Technologies for Fabrication of Large Area Flexible Antennas Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — MesoScribe Technologies, a high tech start-up from SUNY-Stony Brook, proposes to apply a breakthrough new direct writing technology to meet the objectives set-forth...

  13. Georgia Tech Catalog of Gravitational Waveforms

    CERN Document Server

    Jani, Karan; Clark, James A; London, Lionel; Laguna, Pablo; Shoemaker, Deirdre

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces a catalog of gravitational waveforms from the bank of simulations by the numerical relativity effort at Georgia Tech. Currently, the catalog consists of 452 distinct waveforms from more than 600 binary black hole simulations: 128 of the waveforms are from binaries with black hole spins aligned with the orbital angular momentum, and 324 are from precessing binary black hole systems. The waveforms from binaries with non-spinning black holes have mass-ratios $q = m_1/m_2 \\le 15$, and those with precessing, spinning black holes have $q \\le 8$. The waveforms expand a moderate number of orbits in the late inspiral, the burst during coalescence, and the ring-down of the final black hole. Examples of waveforms in the catalog matched against the widely used approximate models are presented. In addition, predictions of the mass and spin of the final black hole by phenomenological fits are tested against the results from the simulation bank. The role of the catalog in interpreting the GW150914 even...

  14. Ocean FEST and TECH: Inspiring Hawaii's Students to Pursue Ocean, Earth and Environmental Science Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, B. C.; Wren, J. L.; Ayau, J. F.

    2013-12-01

    Ocean TECH (Technology Expands Career Horizons) is a new initiative funded by NSF/GeoEd to stimulate interest in ocean, earth and environmental science careers - and the college majors that lead to such careers - among Hawaii's underrepresented students in grades 6-14. The Ocean TECH project features hands-on ocean science and technology and interactions with career professionals. Ocean TECH builds upon Ocean FEST (Families Exploring Science Together), a previous NSF/OEDG project aimed at teaching fun hands-on science in culturally and locally relevant ways to Hawaii's elementary school students and their families. Ocean FEST was rigorously evaluated (including cognitive pre-testing developed in partnership with external evaluators) and shown to be successful both in teaching science content and changing attitudes toward ocean, earth and environmental science careers. Over the course of the four-year grant, Ocean FEST reached 20,99 students and adults, including 636 classroom teachers and other volunteers who assisted with program delivery, most of whom were from underrepresented groups. For more info on Ocean FEST: http://oceanfest.soest.hawaii.edu/ Ocean TECH events have various formats, but common themes include: (1) Using technology as a hook to engage students in ocean, earth and environmental science. (2) Bringing middle school through community college students to college campuses, where they engage in hands-on science activities and learn about college majors. (3) Drawing direct links between the students' hands-on science activities and the research currently occurring at the UH Manoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), such as C-MORE and HOT research. (4) Respecting and valuing students' local knowledge and experiences. (5) Explicitly showing, through concrete examples, how becoming an ocean, earth or environmental scientist addresses would beneit Hawaii (6) Having graduate students from diverse backgrounds serve as instructors and

  15. Rapid multiplex detection of 10 foodborne pathogens with an up-converting phosphor technology-based 10-channel lateral flow assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yong; Wang, Haoran; Zhang, Pingping; Sun, Chongyun; Wang, Xiaochen; Wang, Xinrui; Yang, Ruifu; Wang, Chengbin; Zhou, Lei

    2016-02-17

    The rapid high-throughput detection of foodborne pathogens is essential in controlling food safety. In this study, a 10-channel up-converting phosphor technology-based lateral flow (TC-UPT-LF) assay was established for the rapid and simultaneous detection of 10 epidemic foodborne pathogens. Ten different single-target UPT-LF strips were developed and integrated into one TC-UPT-LF disc with optimization. Without enrichment the TC-UPT-LF assay had a detection sensitivity of 10(4) CFU mL(-1) or 10(5) CFU mL(-1) for each pathogen, and after sample enrichment it was 10 CFU/0.6 mg. The assay also showed good linearity, allowing quantitative detection, with a linear fitting coefficient of determination (R(2)) of 0.916-0.998. The 10 detection channels did not cross-react, so multiple targets could be specifically detected. When 279 real food samples were tested, the assay was highly consistent (100%) with culture-based methods. The results for 110 food samples artificially contaminated with single or multiple targets showed a high detection rate (≥ 80%) for most target bacteria. Overall, the TC-UPT-LF assay allows the rapid, quantitative, and simultaneous detection of 10 kinds of foodborne pathogens within 20 min, and is especially suitable for the rapid detection and surveillance of foodborne pathogens in food and water.

  16. Emerging Technologies - Capturing Innovation with Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-12-01

    ET team research results are critical to achieving 50% energy savings across U.S. buildings within the next two decades. The ET team focuses on supporting research, development, and tech-to-market opportunities of high impact technologies, or those that demonstrate potential for achieving significant energy savings cost effectively.

  17. T2MR and T2Candida: novel technology for the rapid diagnosis of candidemia and invasive candidiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfaller, Michael A; Wolk, Donna M; Lowery, Thomas J

    2016-01-01

    Candidemia and other forms of invasive candidiasis pose a significant diagnostic challenge. In order to provide the best treatment, it is important to accurately detect the fungal infection and identify the species. Historically, diagnosis of Candida infections depended upon three classical laboratory approaches: microbiologic, immunologic, histopathologic; and now includes new methods such as radiographic techniques, molecular, proteomic and biochemical methods. The T2Candida Panel has introduced a new class of infectious disease diagnostics that can rapidly detect and identify the causative pathogen of sepsis directly from a patient blood sample in a culture-independent manner. This test enables detection of Candida directly from the patient sample, a significant advance for the rapid and accurate diagnosis of invasive candidiasis.

  18. Projekt rejestrowania cytowań w artykułach indeksowanych w "Bazie danych o zawartości polskich czasopism technicznych" BazTech http://baztech.icm.edu.pl : koncepcja ogólna

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    The project aims to improve the "Polish Technical Journal Contents" BazTech which now is a database containing bibliographic details and abstracts from the Polish technical journals on engineering, technology, sciences and the environment. The main aim of the project is indexing of references attached to all articles in the BazTech database. The proposed concept assumes organizational methods and technical solutions. The report analysis also another Polish citation databases.

  19. Rapid-Testing Technology and Systems Improvement for the Elimination of Congenital Syphilis in Haiti: Overcoming the “Technology to Systems Gap”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Severe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Despite the availability of rapid diagnostic tests and inexpensive treatment for pregnant women, maternal-child syphilis transmission remains a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Haiti, more than 3000 babies are born with congenital syphilis annually. Methods and Findings. From 2007 to 2011, we used a sequential time series, multi-intervention study design in fourteen clinics throughout Haiti to improve syphilis testing and treatment in pregnancy. The two primary interventions were the introduction of a rapid point-of-care syphilis test and systems strengthening based on quality improvement (QI methods. Syphilis testing increased from 91.5% prediagnostic test to 95.9% after (P<0.001 and further increased to 96.8% (P<0.001 after the QI intervention. Despite high rates of testing across all time periods, syphilis treatment lagged behind and only increased from 70.3% to 74.7% after the introduction of rapid tests (P=0.27, but it improved significantly from 70.2% to 84.3% (P<0.001 after the systems strengthening QI intervention. Conclusion. Both point-of-care diagnostic testing and health systems-based quality improvement interventions can improve the delivery of specific evidence-based healthcare interventions to prevent congenital syphilis at scale in Haiti. Improved treatment rates for syphilis were seen only after the use of systems-based quality improvement approaches.

  20. Rapid-Testing Technology and Systems Improvement for the Elimination of Congenital Syphilis in Haiti: Overcoming the “Technology to Systems Gap”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, Daphne; Zhou, Xi K.; Pape, Jean W.; Peeling, Rosanna W.; Fitzgerald, Daniel W.; Mate, Kedar S.

    2013-01-01

    Background. Despite the availability of rapid diagnostic tests and inexpensive treatment for pregnant women, maternal-child syphilis transmission remains a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Haiti, more than 3000 babies are born with congenital syphilis annually. Methods and Findings. From 2007 to 2011, we used a sequential time series, multi-intervention study design in fourteen clinics throughout Haiti to improve syphilis testing and treatment in pregnancy. The two primary interventions were the introduction of a rapid point-of-care syphilis test and systems strengthening based on quality improvement (QI) methods. Syphilis testing increased from 91.5% prediagnostic test to 95.9% after (P < 0.001) and further increased to 96.8% (P < 0.001) after the QI intervention. Despite high rates of testing across all time periods, syphilis treatment lagged behind and only increased from 70.3% to 74.7% after the introduction of rapid tests (P = 0.27), but it improved significantly from 70.2% to 84.3% (P < 0.001) after the systems strengthening QI intervention. Conclusion. Both point-of-care diagnostic testing and health systems-based quality improvement interventions can improve the delivery of specific evidence-based healthcare interventions to prevent congenital syphilis at scale in Haiti. Improved treatment rates for syphilis were seen only after the use of systems-based quality improvement approaches. PMID:26316955

  1. Engineering, Trade, and Technical Cluster. Task Analyses. Drafting and Design Technology, Precision Machining Technology, Electronics Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum and Resource Center.

    Developed in Virginia, this publication contains task analysis guides to support selected tech prep programs that prepare students for careers in the engineering, trade, and technical cluster. Three occupations are profiled: drafting and design technology, precision machining technology, and electronics technology. Each guide contains the…

  2. Cleanup of metals and hydrocarbons contaminated soils using the ChemTech process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephenson, R.; Yan, V.; Lim, S. [Klohn-Crippen Consultants Ltd., Richmond, BC (Canada)

    1997-10-01

    The ChemTech soil treatment process, an on-site ex-situ system, comprised of a three-phase fluidized bed to scour, emulsify and chemically leach soil contaminants into a process water, was described. The cleaned soils are then removed from the process circuit by means of a hydrodynamic classifier. At this point they are suitable for return to the excavation site. The process was demonstrated on a pilot scale in January 1997 by Klohn-Crippen Consultants at a demonstration program of emerging and innovative technologies sponsored by the Bay Area Defence Conversion Action Team (BADCAT), to assist with the remediation of twelve closing military bases in the San Francisco area. The ChemTest demonstration involved the removal of copper, chromium, lead and zinc from the Hunter Point Naval Reserve, plus treatability tests on a number of other contaminated soil samples. The ChemTech process was selected by federal and state regulatory agencies from 21 proposed technologies on the basis of performance, effectiveness, low cost, and absence of secondary environmental impacts. This paper provides details of the demonstration program, addresses the applicability of the technology to other sites, and provides cost estimates of unit cleanup costs. 3 refs., 4 tabs., 4 figs.

  3. 食品中微生物快速检测方法的研究进展%Research Progress on Rapid Detection Technology of Microorganism in Food

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪炳财; 陈向标; 赖明河

    2013-01-01

    介绍了食品中微生物快速检测方法及其应用,包括分子生物学技术、代谢技术、免疫学技术、生物传感器技术、仪器分析技术等.%The rapid detection of microorganism in food and its applications were introduced,including biology techniques,metabolic techniques,immunological techniques,instrumental analysis techniques and biosensor technology.

  4. Fuzzy model investic do High-tech projektů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alžběta Kubíčková

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: Relations among parameters of High-tech projects are very complex, vague, partially inconsistent and multidimensional. Optimal decisions to invest into High-tech companies require top field experts and knowledgeable investors. Therefore the conventional methods of investments analysis are not relevant. Therefore fuzzy logic is introduced. Methodology/methods: A fuzzy knowledge base is a flexible framework for acquisition of vague inconsistent knowledge items which are typical for knowledge economics and consequently for High-tech projects. The pooling of the records and / or observations represents a trade-off between minimal modification of the original data and elimination of inconsistencies among available sets of data. Scientific aim: The paper presents a detailed description of fuzzy model of investment decision making into High-tech firm’s projects. A set of conditional statements was used to formalize the effects of selected variables on investment feasibility of High-tech projects. The main aim is to quantify feasibilities of High-tech projects risk investors make good /not bad decisions. Findings: A set of 50 observations of High-tech companies was transformed into a set of 50 conditional statements using 14 variables. The result is the fuzzy model, which can be used to answer investors’ queries. Two queries are answered and presented in details as an example and as a nucleus of a fuzzy dialogue investor – computer. Conclusions: The main problem is the sparseness of the fuzzy model. Many fuzzy similarities are relatively low and the decision process is therefore often problematic. A much more complex set of variables must be applied to specify the fuzzy model to increase reliability of predictions and decisions.

  5. Tech Transfer News. Volume 6, No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Victor, Megan E.

    2014-01-01

    On October 28, 2011, the White House released a Presidential Memorandum entitled: Accelerating Technology Transfer and Commercialization of Federal Research in Support of High-Growth Businesses. With this memo, the President challenged all federal agencies conducting R&D to accelerate technology transfer and commercialization of federally developed technology to help stimulate the national economy. The NASA Technology Transfer Program responded by asking the center technology transfer offices to reach out to - and work more closely with - their regional economic development organizations to promote the transfer of NASA technologies to the local private sector for use in the marketplace. Toward that effort, the KSC Technology Transfer Office teamed with the Florida Space Coast Economic Development Commission (EDC) to host a technology transfer forum designed to increase our business community's awareness of available KSC technologies for transfer. In addition, the forum provided opportunities for commercial businesses to collaborate with KSC in technology development. (see article on page 12) The forum, held on September 12, 2013, focused on KSC technology transfer and partnership opportunities within the Robotics, Sustainability, Information Technology and Environmental Remediation technology areas. The event was well attended with over 120 business leaders from the community. KSC Center Director Robert Cabana and the Center Chief Technologist Karen Thompson provided remarks, and several KSC lead researchers presented technical information and answered questions, which were not in short supply. Florida Today and the Orlando Sentinel ran news stories on the forum and both NASA TV and Channel 6 News filmed portions of the event. Given the reaction by the media and local business to the forum, it is evident the community is recognizing the opportunities that NASA-developed technologies can provide to aspiring entrepreneurs and existing companies to bring new

  6. Impact of experience when using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment to assess postural risk in children using information and communication technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Janice D; Falkmer, Torbjörn; Parsons, Richard; Buzzard, Jennifer; Ciccarelli, Marina

    2014-05-01

    The Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) is an observation-based screening tool that has been used to assess postural risks of children in school settings. Studies using eye-tracking technology suggest that visual search strategies are influenced by experience in the task performed. This study investigated if experience in postural risk assessments contributed to differences in outcome scores on the RULA and the visual search strategies utilized. While wearing an eye-tracker, 16 student occupational therapists and 16 experienced occupational therapists used the RULA to assess 11 video scenarios of a child using different mobile information and communication technologies (ICT) in the home environment. No significant differences in RULA outcome scores, and no conclusive differences in visual search strategies between groups were found. RULA can be used as a screening tool for postural risks following a short training session regardless of the assessor's experience in postural risk assessments.

  7. SpeedCycler2 with Rapid PCR Technology%高速PCR之典范SpeedCycler2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴潇韫; 王忠华

    2011-01-01

    The specification and application of one typical rapid PCR instruments SpeedCycler2,made by Analytik-jena.AG,Germany,are described.It is introduced that how SpeedCycler2 increased the PCR speed by increasing the PCR ramp rate,and decreasing the temperature difference between the PCR module and sample solution.The possible increasing of PCR specificity is also introduced.Some application of rapid PCR in Human Genome,long piece DNA research in Plant Genome,and forensic are listed,and the possible progress in gene research by using rapid PCR was concluded%本文介绍了德国耶拿分析仪器股份公司生产的高速PCR的SpeedCycler2的性能特点和应用。重点介绍了如何通过提高PCR升降温速度,提高模块温度与样品溶液温度一致性,来极大地降低每个PCR循环的时间,从而达到提高整个PCR反应速度的目的。指出了高速PCR提高PCR产物的特异性的可能性。同时也列举了高速PCR在人类基因组学,长片段DNA植物基因组学,及在法庭科学等方面应用,指出了高速PCR技术为各项基因研究可能带来的新的进步

  8. College of Engineering receives $1 million computing technology grant

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2007-01-01

    A $1 million grant of Fujitsu technology and services to Virginia Tech's College of Engineering will assist in the college's creation of "digital opportunities" for underserved students, as well as pre-college students interested in studying math, science or engineering at Virginia Tech.

  9. A Novel Consensus-Based Particle Swarm Optimization-Assisted Trust-Tech Methodology for Large-Scale Global Optimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yong-Feng; Chiang, Hsiao-Dong

    2016-06-20

    A novel three-stage methodology, termed the "consensus-based particle swarm optimization (PSO)-assisted Trust-Tech methodology," to find global optimal solutions for nonlinear optimization problems is presented. It is composed of Trust-Tech methods, consensus-based PSO, and local optimization methods that are integrated to compute a set of high-quality local optimal solutions that can contain the global optimal solution. The proposed methodology compares very favorably with several recently developed PSO algorithms based on a set of small-dimension benchmark optimization problems and 20 large-dimension test functions from the CEC 2010 competition. The analytical basis for the proposed methodology is also provided. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed methodology can rapidly obtain high-quality optimal solutions that can contain the global optimal solution. The scalability of the proposed methodology is promising.

  10. 细菌总数快速检测技术的研究现状%Research Status of Rapid Detection Technology of Total Bacteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛玉倩; 孙宇梅; 何聪芬

    2011-01-01

    化妆品安全问题越来越受到人们关注,化妆品微生物的快速检测显得尤为重要,但传统检测方法主要是需氧平板计数法,其操作繁琐、检测周期长且灵敏度低.着重介绍几种主要应用在食品行业的细菌总数快速检测技术,包括快速测试片技术、实时定量PCR技术、酶联免疫吸附技术、传感器技术、代谢技术、色谱法等,以期为化妆品微生物的快速检测提供一些参考.%With more and more people concerning about the safety of cosmetics, rapid microbial detection is becoming particularly important. However, the traditional method is aerobic plate count, it has the characteristics of tedious operation, long detection cycle and low sensitivity. Several rapid detection technologies of total bacteria which were mainly applied in the food industry were introduced, such as petrifilm, real-time quantitative PCR, enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay, biosensor, metabology technique ( chromatographic method and so on. And the prospect of detection technology was looked forward.

  11. 快速成形技术在全耳再造术中的临床应用%Clinical Application of Rapid Prototyping Technology in Ear Reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚燕军; 王明刚; 柴岗

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨快速成形技术在全耳再造术中的临床应用。方法螺旋CT扫描获取患者健侧外耳影像数据,经Mimics软件转换成STL格式文件,建模后通过镜像技术应用于快速成形系统,构建患侧外耳三维模型,在二期法全耳再造中用于术中指导一期患侧小耳的自体肋软骨耳支架的雕刻及二期颅耳角的个性化重建。结果自2012年至今采用快速成形技术构建患侧小耳模型9例,重建外耳亚结构单位大于10个,颅耳角成形稳定。随访6~13个月,患者及家属满意。结论应用快速成形技术构建外耳三维模型,相对于传统二维胶片模型更为直观、立体,值得临床应用。%Objective To explore the clinical application of rapid prototyping technology in ear reconstruction. Methods Image data of spiral CT scanning of normal side ear was converted into STL format files by the Mimics software. 3D model of affected ear was obtained by rapid prototyping system after modeling through image technique. Then the 3D model was guided for autologous rib cartilage bracket carving in stage one of ear reconstruction and individual reconstruction of cranio-auricular angle in stage two of ear reconstruction. Results Since 2012, 9 models of microtia were built by rapid prototyping technology. More than 10 substructure units of external ear were reconstructed. Cranio-auricular angle was stable. Patients were followed up for 6-13 months and were satisfied with the ear appearance. Conclusion Comparing with traditional two-dimensional film model, using rapid prototyping technology for the reconstruction of 3-D model of external ear is more intuitive and stereoscopic, and is worthy of clinical application.

  12. Updates on the Construction of an Eyeglass-Supported Nasal Prosthesis Using Computer-Aided Design and Rapid Prototyping Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciocca, Leonardo; Tarsitano, Achille; Marchetti, Claudio; Scotti, Roberto

    2016-01-01

    This study was undertaken to design an updated connection system for an eyeglass-supported nasal prosthesis using rapid prototyping techniques. The substructure was developed with two main endpoints in mind: the connection to the silicone and the connection to the eyeglasses. The mold design was also updated; the mold was composed of various parts, each carefully designed to allow for easy release after silicone processing and to facilitate extraction of the prosthesis without any strain. The approach used in this study enabled perfect transfer of the reciprocal position of the prosthesis with respect to the eyeglasses, from the virtual to the clinical environment. Moreover, the reduction in thickness improved the flexibility of the prosthesis and promoted adaptation to the contours of the skin, even during functional movements. The method described here is a simplified and viable alternative to standard construction techniques for nasal prostheses and offers improved esthetic and functional results when no bone is available for implant-supported prostheses.

  13. Development of Rapid Analytical Technologies in Crude and Heavy Oil%原油及重油的快速分析技术进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瀑; 褚小立

    2012-01-01

    Petroleum is one of the most important energy resources on the earth. It is also a kind of chemical raw material with high quality. Petroleum products could be found anywhere in our daily life. In recent years, due to the continualy increasing of nationwide crude oil processing capacity and the increasing difficulty of processing, more and more attention has been focused on the issue of rapid crude oil assay. Furthermore, with the density increasing of crude oil worldwide, the ratio of heavy oil processing in national refinery is increased, leading to more refined and effective processing requirements of heavy oil, so the rapid assay of heavy oil is also urgent. The crude oil assay means a comprehensive analysis on the processing performance of crude oil and the possible problems during the processing, which is based on the comprehensive analysis of the physical and chemical properties of crude oil. The traditional methods of crude oil assay are usually time-consuming, high sample-consuming and expensive, which is not suitable for the field application with high analytical requirements . The rapid development of computer technology and instrumental analysis techniques has set up a good platform for the rapid assay of crude oil. According to different analytical methods, in this paper , the developments of rapid analytical technologies in crude and heavy oil are reviewed, including near infrared spectroscopy ( NIR) , infrared spectroscopy ( IR ) , nuclear magnetic resonance ( NMR ) spectrometer and other popular analytical methods.%近年来,随着我国原油加工量的不断增加,加工难度的不断增大,原油快速评价问题日益受到重视.原油评价是指在全面分析原油的物理及化学性质的基础上,对原油的可加工性能及加工过程中可能出现的问题进行综合分析的过程.目前飞速发展的计算机技术及仪器分析技术,为原油快评技术奠定了良好的基础.该文以不同分析方法进行分类,介

  14. THE EFFECT OF PREPARATION CONDITIONS OF RAPIDLY SOLIDIFIED IRON BASED GRANULES ON PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL FORMED BY CASTING TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Kalinichenko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The variety of requirements for friction pairs requires the development of different technologies for the production of tribological materials with reference to the operation modes. Composite materials obtained by the casting technology have been successfully applied for the normalization of the thermomechanical state of the steam turbines. These composites consist of the matrix based on copper alloys reinforced with cast iron granules. Because the structure and properties of cast iron are determined by the conditions of their production studies have been conducted on determination of preparation conditions on grain structure and properties of the synthesized composite material. Using an upgraded unit for production of granules technological regimes were determined providing narrow fractional composition. It has been found that granules formed are characterized with typical microstructure of white cast iron containing perlite and ledeburite. Microhardness of pilot cast iron granules is characterized by high values (from 7450 up to 9450 MPa and depends on the size of the fraction. Composite materials obtained using experimental granules had a microhardness of the reinforcing cast iron granules about 3500 MPa, and a bronze matrix – 1220 MPa, which is higher than the hardness of the composite material obtained by using the annealed DCL-1granules (2250 MPa. Metal base of experimental granules in the composite material has the structure of perlitic ductile iron with inclusions of ferrite not exceeding 10–15% and set around a flocculent graphite. As a result, the increase of physical-mechanical properties of finished products made of composite material is observed. 

  15. 科技文獻課程教學探析: 以專利單元為例 The Study of Sci-Tech Resources Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheue-fang Song

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available 無This paper describes the Sci-Tech Resources Instruction, specialized focus on patent union course-integrated instructional sessions. This is a practical approach course. I focus training techniques on strategies, not just rote learning, not just for tool. I use case-based learning in the course. Try to help students learn sci-tech patent common concepts and training skill through Team-work, which teach advanced information about one sci-tech major (Patent. Technology is ahead of how we know how to use it.. Its means using group training techniques, point-of-use instruction and the facilities of the patent. Instructions cover basic sources of patent information and teach advanced information seeking skill. This is a case study, which show the instructional process and the result. Our students do not have sci-tech concept.. This program is designed to fill this personnel gap, training students with the skills needed to locate, organize, manipulate, filter, and present sci-tech information.

  16. 基于与大企业联盟的技术创业企业成长机制%The growth mechanism of high - tech start - ups through building strategic alliances with established fn'ms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岑; 张帏; 姜彦福

    2012-01-01

    资源的匮乏常常是技术创业企业发展中面临的主要困难。而战略联盟为技术创业企业提供了一种以资源互补、风险共担、利益共享为基础的合作和发展模式,成为技术创业企业把握创业机会、实现快速发展的有效途径之一。本文首先针对技术创业企业与大企业构建的战略联盟,从资源基础观和“战略一结构”的视角,建立了技术创业企业构建战略联盟的“动因一行为一收益”整体分析框架;进而对高技术创业企业海兰信公司进行了深入案例研究,分析了其通过构建战略联盟获取资源、实现成长的内在机制。研究发现,技术创业企业选择联盟战略后,可以通过与伙伴企业进行组织间的合作、沟通和学习,使资源得到互补,战略更加明晰,组织结构更加完善,从而实现创业企业成长和绩效提升。在此基础上,本文提出了技术创业企业构建联盟的“动因-行为-收益”模型。%Lack of resource is usually a major constraint in the development of high - tech start - ups. Through cooperation based on resources complementary, risk sharing, and profit sharing, strategic alliances could be an effective way for the high - tech start - ups to catch up the entrepreneurial opportunity and achieve the rapid growth. The strategic alliances between high - tech startups and established firms are focused, and motivationbehaviorreturns overall analysis framework from the resource - based view and the strategy - structure perspective is preliminary established, then an in - depth case study of Highlander Digital Technology Stock Co. Ltd as a typical high - tech start - up is conducted and the intrinsic mechanism for accessing resource and achieving growth by building strategic alliances is analyzed. It is found that after strategic alliances, high - tech start - ups are a- ble to realize mutual complement of resources, clarify the strategy, improve

  17. Digital Technology and Caregiver Training for Older Persons: Cognitive and Affective Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Robert; Hicken, Bret L.; Hill, Robert D.; Luptak, Marilyn; Daniel, Candice M.; Grant, Marren; Rupper, Randall

    2016-01-01

    This research project included two studies that investigated (a) differences between technology use in tech-knowledgeable and less tech-knowledgeable older persons, (b) cognitive and affective variables and their association with the application of technology, and (c) the implications of these variables on the design of remote-delivered caregiver…

  18. Host Your Own Ed Tech Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Lynn; Hess, Mark; Ozminkowski, Barbara; Phillips, Jennifer; Shoemaker, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    Every August for the past six years, teachers at Walled Lake Consolidated Schools in Michigan learn how to use the latest educational technology tools from their colleagues during the district's one-day technology conference called Spice It Up! The teachers are both the presenters and the attendees, and they have a shared goal of moving the…

  19. Tech, Teachers & Teens: Bridging the Divide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuht, Amy Colcord; Colcord, Cean

    2011-01-01

    In past decades, the "digital divide" referred to the gap between those who could afford access to technology and those who could not. The divide has shifted in recent years to reflect the growing technological chasm between teachers and their students: today's schools and teenagers' worlds. The digital divide is widening and deepening…

  20. Clinical Application of Picodroplet Digital PCR Technology for Rapid Detection of EGFR T790M in Next-Generation Sequencing Libraries and DNA from Limited Tumor Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borsu, Laetitia; Intrieri, Julie; Thampi, Linta; Yu, Helena; Riely, Gregory; Nafa, Khedoudja; Chandramohan, Raghu; Ladanyi, Marc; Arcila, Maria E

    2016-11-01

    Although next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a robust technology for comprehensive assessment of EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinomas with acquired resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, it may not provide sufficiently rapid and sensitive detection of the EGFR T790M mutation, the most clinically relevant resistance biomarker. Here, we describe a digital PCR (dPCR) assay for rapid T790M detection on aliquots of NGS libraries prepared for comprehensive profiling, fully maximizing broad genomic analysis on limited samples. Tumor DNAs from patients with EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinomas and acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors were prepared for Memorial Sloan-Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets sequencing, a hybrid capture-based assay interrogating 410 cancer-related genes. Precapture library aliquots were used for rapid EGFR T790M testing by dPCR, and results were compared with NGS and locked nucleic acid-PCR Sanger sequencing (reference high sensitivity method). Seventy resistance samples showed 99% concordance with the reference high sensitivity method in accuracy studies. Input as low as 2.5 ng provided a sensitivity of 1% and improved further with increasing DNA input. dPCR on libraries required less DNA and showed better performance than direct genomic DNA. dPCR on NGS libraries is a robust and rapid approach to EGFR T790M testing, allowing most economical utilization of limited material for comprehensive assessment. The same assay can also be performed directly on any limited DNA source and cell-free DNA.