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Sample records for technologies improved drilling

  1. CASING DRILLING TECHNOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    Nediljka Gaurina-Međimurec

    2005-01-01

    Casing drilling is an alternative option to conventional drilling and uses standard oilfield casing instead of drillstring. This technology is one of the greatest developments in drilling operations. Casing drilling involves drilling and casing a well simultaneously. In casing driling process, downhole tools can be retrieved, through the casing on wire-line, meaning tool recovery or replacement of tools can take minutes versus hours under conventional methods. This process employs wireline-re...

  2. CASING DRILLING TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nediljka Gaurina-Međimurec

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Casing drilling is an alternative option to conventional drilling and uses standard oilfield casing instead of drillstring. This technology is one of the greatest developments in drilling operations. Casing drilling involves drilling and casing a well simultaneously. In casing driling process, downhole tools can be retrieved, through the casing on wire-line, meaning tool recovery or replacement of tools can take minutes versus hours under conventional methods. This process employs wireline-retrievable tools and a drill-lock assembly, permitting bit and BHA changes, coring, electrical logging and even directional or horizontal drilling. Once the casing point is reached, the casing is cemented in place without tripping pipe.

  3. Introduction to drilling technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellor, Malcom

    1989-12-01

    Terrestrial drilling technology is reviewed. The general requirements for a drilling system are given and conventional drilling techniques (rotary drag-bit, rotary roller-bit, percussive, rotary percussive) are described. Unconventional techniques for penetrating solids are outlined, including thermal drilling (spalling or melting), projectile penetration, high pressure liquid jets, explosive jets, erosion by projectile streams, and chemical penetration. Special attention is given to drilling in ice and frozen soils, performance data are given, including values for penetration rate and specific energy consumption. The principles, theory and equipment relating to each drilling technique are indicated by means of diagrams.

  4. Fifth DOE symposium on enhanced oil and gas recovery and improved drilling technology. Volume 3. Gas and drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linville, B. [ed.

    1979-01-01

    Volume 3 contains papers from the sessions on natural gas supporting research, western gas sands project, drilling technology, and environmental effects. Individuals were processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

  5. Drilling and well technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milheim, K. [Mining University Leoben Institute for Drilling Technology, (Austria)

    1996-12-31

    Over a billion dollars a year is lost by exploration and production companies drilling wells because of the lack of learn curve management (LMC) practices. This paper presents the importance of the LMC concept, what it is, why LMC has not yet been recognized as a major initiative for improving drilling cost performance. The paper discusses the different types of planning, problems with implementation of plans, the use and misuse of drilling results and data bases, and the lack of post analysis practices. The major point of the paper is to show the massive savings that can be achieved by valuing LMC, learning LMC and successfully implementing LMC. . 2 refs., 5 figs.

  6. Improved Tubulars for Better Economics in Deep Gas Well Drilling using Microwave Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dinesh Agrawal; Paul Gigl; Mark Hunt; Mahlon Dennis

    2007-07-31

    The main objective of the entire research program has been to improve the rate-of-penetration in deep hostile environments by improving the life cycle and performance of coiled-tubing, an important component of a deep well drilling system for oil and gas exploration, by utilizing the latest developments in the microwave materials technology. Based on the results of the Phase I and insurmountable difficulties faced in the extrusion and de-waxing processes, the approach of achieving the goals of the program was slightly changed in the Phase II in which an approach of microwave sintering combined with Cold Isostatic Press (CIP) and joining (by induction or microwave) has been adopted. This process can be developed into a semicontinuous sintering process if the CIP can produce parts fast enough to match the microwave sintering rates. The main objective of the Phase II research program is to demonstrate the potential to economically manufacture microwave processed coiled tubing with improved performance for extended useful life under hostile coiled tubing drilling conditions. After the completion of the Phase II, it is concluded that scale up and sintering of a thin wall common O.D. size tubing that is widely used in the market is still to be proved and further experimentation and refinement of the sintering process is needed in Phase III. Actual manufacturing capability of microwave sintered, industrial quality, full length tubing will most likely require several million dollars of investment.

  7. Improved Tubulars for Better Economics in Deep Gas Well Drilling Using Microwave Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dinesh Agrawal

    2006-09-30

    The main objective of the entire research program has been to improve the rate-of-penetration in deep hostile environments by improving the life cycle and performance of coiled-tubing, an important component of a deep well drilling system for oil and gas exploration, by utilizing the latest developments in the microwave materials technology. Based on the results of the Phase I and insurmountable difficulties faced in the extrusion and de-waxing processes, the approach of achieving the goals of the program was slightly changed in the Phase II in which an approach of microwave sintering combined with Cold Isostatic Press (CIP) and joining (by induction or microwave) has been adopted. This process can be developed into a semicontinuous sintering process if the CIP can produce parts fast enough to match the microwave sintering rates. The main objective of the Phase II research program is to demonstrate the potential to economically manufacture microwave processed coiled tubing with improved performance for extended useful life under hostile coiled tubing drilling conditions. After the completion of the Phase II, it is concluded that scale up and sintering of a thin wall common O.D. size tubing that is widely used in the market is still to be proved and further experimentation and refinement of the sintering process is needed in Phase III. Actual manufacturing capability of microwave sintered, industrial quality, full length tubing will most likely require several million dollars of investment.

  8. Jet Drilling and Optimizing Parameter Drilling Technology in Shengli Oil Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yue; Peng Junsheng

    1996-01-01

    @@ In Shengli oilfield, remarkable achievements have been obtained in research and tests on the technologies of jet drilling and optimizing parameter drilling, extensive applications of the technologies have greatly improved drilling speed and sharply decreased drilling time and costs, thus achieving excellent social and economic benefits.

  9. Improved Tubulars for Better Economics in Deep Gas Well Drilling using Microwave Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dinesh Agrawal; Paul Gigl; Mahlon Dennis

    2006-02-01

    The objective of the research program has been to improve the rate-of-penetration in deep hostile environments by improving the life cycle and performance of coiled-tubing, an important component of a deep well drilling system for oil and gas exploration. The current process of the manufacture long tubular steel products consists of shaping the tube from flat strip, welding the seam and sections into lengths that can be miles long, and coiling onto reels. However, the welds, that are a weak point, now limit the performance of the coil tubing. This is not only from a toughness standpoint but also from a corrosion standpoint. By utilizing the latest developments in the sintering of materials with microwave energy and powder metal extrusion technology for the manufacture of seamless coiled tubing and other tubular products, these problems can be eliminated. The project is therefore to develop a continuous microwave process to sinter continuously steel tubulars and butt-join them using microwave/induction process. The program started about three years ago and now we are in the middle of Phase II. In Phase I (which ended in February 2005) a feasibility study of the extrusion process of steel powder and continuously sinter the extruded tubing was conducted. The research program has been based on the development of microwave technology to process tubular specimens of powder metals, especially steels. The existing microwave systems at the Materials Research Laboratory (MRL) and Dennis Tool Company (DTC) were suitably modified to process tubular small specimens. The precursor powder metals were either extruded or cold isostatically pressed (CIP) to form tubular specimens. After conducting an extensive and systematic investigation of extrusion process for producing long tubes, it was determined that there were several difficulties in adopting extrusion process and it cannot be economically used for producing thousands of feet long green tubing. Therefore, in the Phase II the

  10. Fundamental Research on Percussion Drilling: Improved rock mechanics analysis, advanced simulation technology, and full-scale laboratory investigations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael S. Bruno

    2005-12-31

    drilling tests, as well as single impact tests, have been designed and executed. Both Berea sandstone and Mancos shale samples are used. In single impact tests, three impacts are sequentially loaded at the same rock location to investigate rock response to repetitive loadings. The crater depth and width are measured as well as the displacement and force in the rod and the force in the rock. Various pressure differences across the rock-indentor interface (i.e. bore pressure minus pore pressure) are used to investigate the pressure effect on rock penetration. For hammer drilling tests, an industrial fluid hammer is used to drill under both underbalanced and overbalanced conditions. Besides calibrating the modeling tool, the data and cuttings collected from the tests indicate several other important applications. For example, different rock penetrations during single impact tests may reveal why a fluid hammer behaves differently with diverse rock types and under various pressure conditions at the hole bottom. On the other hand, the shape of the cuttings from fluid hammer tests, comparing to those from traditional rotary drilling methods, may help to identify the dominant failure mechanism that percussion drilling relies on. If so, encouraging such a failure mechanism may improve hammer performance. The project is summarized in this report. Instead of compiling the information contained in the previous quarterly or other technical reports, this report focuses on the descriptions of tasks, findings, and conclusions, as well as the efforts on promoting percussion drilling technologies to industries including site visits, presentations, and publications. As a part of the final deliveries, the 3D numerical model for rock mechanics is also attached.

  11. Great Progress of Drilling Technology in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Kexiang

    1994-01-01

    @@ A great progress has been made in drilling technology in China from 1986 to 1990 by popularizing research achievements and emphasizing high economic efficiency of exploration and development, high quality of drilling engineering, high drilling rate and formation damage prevention.

  12. Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery and improved drilling technology. Progress review No. 34, quarter ending March 31, 1983

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linville, B. (ed.)

    1983-07-01

    Progress achieved for the quarter ending March 1983 are presented for field projects and supporting research for the following: chemical flooding; carbon dioxide injection; and thermal/heavy oil. In addition, progress reports are presented for: resource assessment technology; extraction technology; environmental and safety; microbial enhanced oil recovery; oil recovered by gravity mining; improved drilling technology; and general supporting research. (ATT)

  13. Advancement on Drilling Technology in Petroleum Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Akpedeye, Kelvin Uruemu

    2011-01-01

    Since the birth of petroleum business, in the mid-19th century, cable tool and rotary drilling have been the only two techniques applied in the drilling phase till date. Although the rotary drilling technique has proved very successful, applying laser technology in this drilling; which is a newer technology that is already at hand, has the potential of displacing both techniques from operation. Cable tool drilling is the first of these techniques. Hole boring is achieved by repeatedly lif...

  14. Fifth DOE symposium on enhanced oil and gas recovery and improved drilling technology. Volume 2. Oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linville, B. [ed.

    1979-01-01

    Volume 2 contains papers from the following sessions: residual oil determination; thermal methods; heavy oil-tar sands; technology transfer; and carbon dioxide flooding. Individual papers were processed.

  15. Microhole Drilling Tractor Technology Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Western Well Tool

    2007-07-09

    In an effort to increase the U.S. energy reserves and lower costs for finding and retrieving oil, the USDOE created a solicitation to encourage industry to focus on means to operate in small diameter well-Microhole. Partially in response to this solicitation and because Western Well Tool's (WWT) corporate objective to develop small diameter coiled tubing drilling tractor, WWT responded to and was awarded a contract to design, prototype, shop test, and field demonstrate a Microhole Drilling Tractor (MDT). The benefit to the oil industry and the US consumer from the project is that with the MDT's ability to facilitate Coiled Tubing drilled wells to be 1000-3000 feet longer horizontally, US brown fields can be more efficiently exploited resulting in fewer wells, less environmental impact, greater and faster oil recovery, and lower drilling costs. Shortly after award of the contract, WWT was approached by a major oil company that strongly indicated that the specified size of a tractor of 3.0 inches diameter was inappropriate and that immediate applications for a 3.38-inch diameter tractor would substantially increase the usefulness of the tool to the oil industry. Based on this along with an understanding with the oil company to use the tractor in multiple field applications, WWT applied for and was granted a no-cost change-of-scope contract amendment to design, manufacture, assemble, shop test and field demonstrate a prototype a 3.38 inch diameter MDT. Utilizing existing WWT tractor technology and conforming to an industry developed specification for the tool, the Microhole Drilling Tractor was designed. Specific features of the MDT that increase it usefulness are: (1) Operation on differential pressure of the drilling fluid, (2) On-Off Capability, (3) Patented unique gripping elements (4) High strength and flexibility, (5) Compatibility to existing Coiled Tubing drilling equipment and operations. The ability to power the MDT with drilling fluid results in a

  16. National Advanced Drilling and Excavation Technologies Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1993-06-15

    The second meeting of Federal agency representatives interested in the National Advanced Drilling and Excavation Technologies (NADET) Program took place on June 15, 1993. The Geothermal Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) hosted the meeting at the Washington, D.C., offices of DOE. Representatives from the National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Bureau of Mines, National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, and various offices within the Department of Energy attended. For a complete list of attendees see Attachment A. The purpose of the meeting was: (1) to cover the status of efforts to gain formal approval for NADET, (2) to brief participants on events since the last meeting, especially two recent workshops that explored research needs in drilling and excavation, (3) to review some recent technological advances, and (4) to solicit statements of the importance of improving drilling and excavation technologies to the missions of the various agencies. The meeting agenda is included as Attachment B.

  17. Geothermal well technology: drilling and completions program plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Newsom, M.M.; Barnett, J.H.; Baker, L.E.; Varnado, S.G.; Polito, J.

    1978-03-01

    The drilling and completion portion of the long-range Geothermal Well Technology Program is presented. A nine-year program is outlined based upon an objective of reducing the cost of geothermal energy development and providing a major stimulus to meeting the power-on-line goals established by the Department of Energy. Major technological challenges to be addressed in this program include improvements in geothermal drilling fluids, downhole drilling motors, rock bits and the development of high flow rate, high temperature completion and reinjection techniques. In addition, fundamental studies will be conducted in drilling energetics to improve the understanding of drilling mechanics. This will lead to advanced development of high performance, low cost geothermal drilling systems.

  18. Optimizing Geothermal Drilling: Oil and Gas Technology Transfer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denninger, Kate; Eustes, Alfred; Visser, Charles; Baker, Walt; Bolton, Dan; Bell, Jason; Bell, Sean; Jacobs, Amelia; Nagandran, Uneshddarann; Tilley, Mitch; Quick, Ralph

    2015-09-02

    There is a significant amount of financial risk associated with geothermal drilling. This study of drilling operations seeks opportunities to improve upon current practices and technologies. The scope of this study included analyzing 21 geothermal wells and 21 oil and gas wells. The goal was to determine a 'Perfect Well' using historical data to compare the best oil and gas well to the best geothermal well. Unfortunately, limitations encountered in the study included missing data (bit records, mud information, etc.) and poor data collection practices An online software database was used to format drilling data to IADC coded daily drilling reports and generate figures for analysis. Six major issues have been found in geothermal drilling operations. These problems include lost circulation, rig/ equipment selection, cementing, penetration rate, drilling program, and time management. As a result of these issues, geothermal drilling averaged 56.4 days longer than drilling comparable oil and gas wells in the wells in this study. Roughly $13.9 million was spent on non-productive time in the 21 geothermal wells, compared with only $1.3 million in the oil and gas wells, assuming a cost of $50,000 per day. Comparable events such as drilling the same sized hole, tripping in/out, cementing, and running the same size casing took substantially less time in the oil and gas wells. Geothermal wells were drilled using older and/or less advanced technology to depths less than 10,000 feet, while oil and gas wells reached 12,500 feet faster with purpose built rigs. A new approach is now underway that will optimize drilling programs throughout the drilling industry using Mechanical Specific Energy (MSE) as a tool to realize efficient drilling processes. Potential improvements for current geothermal operations are: the use of electronic records, real time services, and official glossary terms to describe rig operations, and advanced drilling rigs/technology.

  19. Deep Drilling Technology of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ni Rongfu

    1995-01-01

    @@ Since the drilling of well Songji-6 by the drilling crew No. 32139 in Daqing in 1963,there havebeen some 1600 over 4 000 m deep wells completed till 1993, among which two are above 7 000 m in depth.

  20. Multilateral wells drilling technology implementation in the Castilla Field - Colombia, to improve Guadalupe reservoirs drainage: Castilla 32, 33, and 34 ML wells cases study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Florez, Alberto; Mercado, Orlando; Rodriguez, Sandra; Rojas, Ricardo; Naranjo, Carlos A. [ECOPETROL, Bogota (Colombia); Velez, Jorge [Halliburton Latin-America, Santa Fe de Bogota (Colombia)

    2008-07-01

    National Colombian Petroleum Company - ECOPETROL, is in the process of evaluating different technologies to increase production and improve recovery factors in their mature oil and gas fields. As part of that process, a multidisciplinary team evaluated the feasibility of multilateral well technology implementation in some of their mature fields that are currently in the late-development phase. Castilla field, located in the eastern planes of Colombia, was selected as the first option for multilateral technology implementation based in reservoir features, type of oil, and field antecedents. This paper presents the process used to conceptualize the optimum multilateral well design for Castilla field, integrating all of the geological and engineering disciplines. Geology: geological model visualization, target zones definition, pay zones lateral continuity, petrophysical properties, and fluids distribution were evaluated to select the areas to drill with advanced architecture well design. Reservoir: basic reservoir performance simulation was performed to evaluate productivity with horizontal and multilateral wells, and the difference in final reserves recovery compared with current conventional directional wells. Water production and coning problems were identified as key factors to define the multilateral well implementation in this field. Drilling: trajectory design, multilateral junction depth definition and TAML level selection, casing point's definition, drilling time and AFE estimation were the technical aspects evaluated during the planning phase to determine if the technology would be feasible. A comparison with conventional pad design was conducted to validate economic value. Multilateral TAML level 4 system selection flow process is presented applying oil industry best practices. Completion: The optimum lateral completion and production assembly design were main concerns during the planning process. Slotted liners, screens, and open-hole completion

  1. Advances in core drilling technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdsworth, G.

    Some notable technical advances in drill design were reported at the meeting, held in Canada August 30-September 1, 1982, at the University of Calgary. Chief amongst these was a battery powered, computer assisted electromechanical core drill which has recently been used by the Danes in Greenland to continuously core to the base of the ice sheet at 2038 m. This is the deepest coring operation so far on the Greenland ice sheet. (The record for deep glacier drilling is held by the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory for the continuous coring through 2164 m of ice to bedrock at Byrd Station, Antarctica, in 1968). In early 1982, a current Soviet core drilling operation was reported to be at a depth of 2000 m at Vostok station, Antarctica, where the total ice thickness is about 4000 m; the goal of core drilling the entire ice thickness there could be achieved before the end of 1983.

  2. 活性泥页岩快速钻井钻井液技术%Study on drilling fluid technology for improving activated shale drilling rate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓栋; 王宇宾; 宋有胜; 黄名召; 徐鸿志

    2011-01-01

    为解决活性泥页岩水化分散而导致井眼缩径、井壁垮塌、钻头泥包、起下钻不畅、卡钻等井下复杂问题,以聚胺抑制剂和防泥包快钻剂为主要处理剂,研制出一套适宜于活性泥页岩钻井的快速钻井液体系.钻井液抗高温流变性能实验表明,钻井液能抗温150℃以上,通过钠膨润土造浆试验、岩心耐崩塌试验、钻屑滚动回收和泥岩黏附聚集试验,表明其抑制性能和润滑性能接近于油基钻井液,可解决强造浆活性泥岩钻井出现的钻井液黏切升高、流变性能恶化,能有效防止泥岩井壁失稳、钻屑分散、钻头泥包、泥岩黏附和聚结.钻井液体系抗污染性能好,且生物无毒,满足排放标准.在南堡17-x1511井的成功应用表明,该钻井液体系一定程度上有效解决了水敏性活性泥页岩安全快速钻进问题,可进一步推广.%The problem of inhibition active shale hydration and dispersion for drilling water sensitivity formation has been attached a high degree attention. Shale dispersion can lead to hole shrinkage, wall collapse, bit balling, tripping resistance and pipe sticking. A suitable drilling fluid system was developed for activated shale drilling combined polyamine inhibitors with anti-accretion fast drilling additives. The drilling fluid can resist high temperature above 150 ℃ according to the experiment for anti-temperature rheological behavior of the fluid. The sodium bentonite make-slurry test, core collapse resistance test, shale cuttings recovery and accretion test show that the inhibitory property and lubrication performance are close to the oil-based drilling fluid performance, which can effectively prevent the drilling fluid viscosity-shear increasing, performance deteriorated when drilling strong make-slurry activated shale, and avoid shale borehole instability, cuttings dispersion, bit balling and sticky mud adhesion and accretion. The drilling fluid also has a good anti

  3. Optimizing Geothermal Drilling: Oil and Gas Technology Transfer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tilley, Mitch; Eustes, Alfred; Visser, Charles; Baker, Walt; Bolton, Dan; Bell, Jason; Nagandran, Uneshddarann; Quick, Ralph

    2015-01-26

    There is a significant amount of financial risk associated with geothermal drilling; however, there are opportunities to improve upon current practices and technologies used. The scope of this drilling operational study included 21 geothermal wells and 21 oil and gas wells. The goal was to determine a 'perfect well' using historical data to compare the best oil and gas well to the best geothermal well. Unfortunately, limitations encountered in the study included missing data (bit records, mud information, etc.), poor data collection, and difficult to ascertain handwriting. An online software database was used to format drilling data to IADC coded daily drilling reports and generate analysis figures. Six major issues have been found in geothermal drilling operations. These problems include lost circulation, rig/equipment selection, cementing, penetration rate, drilling program, and time management. As a result of these issues, geothermal drilling averages 56.4 days longer than drilling comparable oil and gas wells in the wells in this study. Roughly $13.9 million would be lost due to non-productive time in the 21 geothermal wells and only $1.3 million in the oil and gas wells, assuming a cost of $50,000 per day. Comparable events such as drilling the same sized hole, tripping in/out, cementing, and running the same size casing took substantially less time in the oil and gas wells. Geothermal wells were drilled using older and/or less advanced technology to depths less than 10,000 feet, while oil and gas wells reached 12,500 feet faster with purpose built rigs. A new approach is now underway that will optimize drilling programs throughout the drilling industry. It is the use of Mechanical Specific Energy (MSE) as a tool to realize efficient drilling processes. However, a work-flow must also be established in order for there to be an efficient drilling program. Potential improvements for current geothermal operations are: the use of electronic records, real

  4. Hydraulic hammer drilling technology: Developments and capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melamed, Y.; Kiselev, A. [SKB Geotechnika, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gelfgat, M. [Aquatic Co., Moscow (Russian Federation); Dreesen, D.; Blacic, J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). GeoEngineering Group

    1996-12-31

    Percussion drilling technology was considered many years ago as one of the best approaches for hard rock drilling. Unfortunately the efficiency of most hydraulic hammer (HH) designs was very low (8% maximum), so they were successfully used in shallow boreholes only. Thirty years of research and field drilling experience with HH application in Former Soviet Union (FSU) countries led to the development of a new generation of HH designs with a proven efficiency of 40%. That advance achieved good operational results in hard rock at depths up to 2,000 m and more. The most recent research has shown that there are opportunities to increase HH efficiency up to 70%. This paper presents HH basic design principles and operational features. The advantages of HH technology for coiled-tubing drilling is shown on the basis of test results recently conducted in the US.

  5. Environment-friendly drilling operation technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Huaidong; Jing, Ning; Zhang, Yanna; Huang, Hongjun; Wei, Jun

    2017-01-01

    Under the circumstance that international safety and environmental standards being more and more stringent, drilling engineering is facing unprecedented challenges, the extensive traditional process flow is no longer accepted, the new safe and environment-friendly process is more suitable to the healthy development of the industry. In 2015, CNPCIC adopted environment-friendly drilling technology for the first time in the Chad region, ensured the safety of well control, at the same time increased the environmental protection measure, reduced the risk of environmental pollution what obtain the ratification from local government. This technology carries out recovery and disposal of crude oil, cuttings and mud without falling on the ground. The final products are used in road and well site construction, which realizes the reutilization of drilling waste, reduces the operating cost, and provides a strong technical support for cost-cutting and performance-increase of drilling engineering under low oil price.

  6. Improved Hardfacing for Drill Bits and Drilling Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sue, Albert; Sreshta, Harry; Qiu, Bao He

    2011-01-01

    New flame spray hardfacing, DSH (DuraShell® Steel Hardfacing, US patent pending), was developed to improve thermal conductivity, abrasion wear, and erosion resistance for subterranean drilling application. The materials consisted of spherical cast WC/W2C and Ni-Si-B alloy powders. The hardfacing compositions were tailored for various processes such as flame spray and laser cladding. Typically, the hardfacing comprised hard tungsten carbide particles being uniformly distributed in a tough Ni-alloy matrix. The hardness of WC/W2C exceeded 2300 Hv.3 and that of Ni-alloy matrix varied from about 400 to 700 Hv.3. High- and low-stress abrasion resistances of these hardfacing materials were characterized and compared to the conventional hard coatings of cast WC/W2C and Ni-Cr-Si-B-Fe. The increase in thermal, wear, and erosion resistances of the hardfacing improved the durability of PDC (polycrystalline diamond compact) steel body bit and drilling tools and their cost-effective performance. Several case studies of DSH hardfacings on drill bits were described.

  7. Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) Technology and Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J. G. Cai; X. N. Wang

    2004-01-01

    @@ 1 What is Horizontal Directional Drilling? Horizontal Directional Drilling, accurately steered drilling, has become state -of- the -art drilling technique in the world. Specially- designed directionsteerable corebarrel and accurate direction measurement tool are available for the use together with wire line core drilling machine. That makes it feasible to extract cores and to measure the drill travel line &length while drilling in a curve.

  8. Environmental Measurement-While-Drilling System and Horizontal Directional Drilling Technology Demonstration, Hanford Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, C.V.; Lockwood, G.J.; Normann, R.A.; Myers, D.A.; Gardner, M.G.; Williamson, T.; Huffman, J.

    1999-06-01

    The Environmental Measurement-While-Drilling (EMWD) system and Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) were successfully demonstrated at the Mock Tank Leak Simulation Site and the Drilling Technology Test Site, Hanford, Washington. The use of directional drilling offers an alternative to vertical drilling site characterization. Directional drilling can develop a borehole under a structure, such as a waste tank, from an angled entry and leveling off to horizontal at the desired depth. The EMWD system represents an innovative blend of new and existing technology that provides the capability of producing real-time environmental and drill bit data during drilling operations. The technology demonstration consisted of the development of one borehole under a mock waste tank at a depth of {approximately} {minus}8 m ({minus}27 ft.), following a predetermined drill path, tracking the drill path to within a radius of {approximately}1.5 m (5 ft.), and monitoring for zones of radiological activity using the EMWD system. The purpose of the second borehole was to demonstrate the capability of drilling to a depth of {approximately} {minus}21 m ({minus}70 ft.), the depth needed to obtain access under the Hanford waste tanks, and continue drilling horizontally. This report presents information on the HDD and EMWD technologies, demonstration design, results of the demonstrations, and lessons learned.

  9. Technology strategy for cost-effective drilling and intervention; Technology Target Areas; TTA4 - Cost effective drilling and intervention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-07-01

    The main goals of the OG21 initiative are to (1) develop new technology and knowledge to increase the value creation of Norwegian oil and gas resources and (2) enhance the export of Norwegian oil and gas technology. The OG21 Cost-effective Drilling and Intervention (CEDI) Technology Target Area (TTA) has identified some key strategic drilling and well intervention needs to help meet the goals of OG21. These key strategic drilling and well intervention needs are based on a review of present and anticipated future offshore-Norway drilling and well intervention conditions and the Norwegian drilling and well intervention industry. A gap analysis has been performed to assess the extent to which current drilling and well intervention research and development and other activities will meet the key strategic needs. Based on the identified strategic drilling and well intervention needs and the current industry res each and development and other activities, the most important technology areas for meeting the OG21 goals are: environment-friendly and low-cost exploration wells; low-cost methods for well intervention/sidetracks; faster and extended-reach drilling; deep water drilling, completion and intervention; offshore automated drilling; subsea and sub-ice drilling; drilling through basalt and tight carbonates; drilling and completion in salt formation. More specific goals for each area: reduce cost of exploration wells by 50%; reduce cost for well intervention/sidetracks by 50%; increase drilling efficiency by 40%; reduce drilling cost in deep water by 40 %; enable offshore automated drilling before 2012; enable automated drilling from seabed in 2020. Particular focus should be placed on developing new technology for low-cost exploration wells to stem the downward trends in the number of exploration wells drilled and the volume of discovered resources. The CEDI TTA has the following additional recommendations: The perceived gaps in addressing the key strategic drilling and

  10. Anniversaries of Innovative Drilling Technologies. Reference Review Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Кozhevnikov, А.А.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Processes of formation of diamond rock cutting tools, namely big diamond drilling crown; small diamond drilling crown; crown equipped with synthetic diamonds; reinforced by composite materials using diamonds are considered. Stages of innovative development of drilling technologies are presented.

  11. Key technologies of drilling process with raise boring method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiqiang Liu; Yiping Meng

    2015-01-01

    This study presents the concept of shaft constructed by raise boring in underground mines, and the idea of inverse construction can be extended to other fields of underground engineering. The conventional raise boring methods, such as the wood support method, the hanging cage method, the creeping cage method, and the deep-hole blasting method, are analyzed and compared. In addition, the raise boring machines are classified into different types and the characteristics of each type are described. The components of a raise boring machine including the drill rig, the drill string and the auxiliary system are also presented. Based on the analysis of the raise boring method, the rock mechanics problems during the raise boring process are put forward, including rock fragmentation, removal of cuttings, shaft wall stability, and borehole deviation control. Finally, the development trends of raise boring technology are described as follows:(i) improve-ment of rock-breaking modes to raise drilling efficiency, (ii) development of an intelligent control tech-nique, and (iii) development of technology and equipment for nonlinear raise boring.

  12. How we improved operations in drilling pre-salt wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hougaz, Augusto Borella [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Martins, Luiz Felipe; Bittencourt, Jessica Lima; Braz, Luciano Machado [Genesis do Brasil, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Damski, Carlos [Genesis Petroleum Technology Pty Ltd. (GPT), Bentley, WA (Australia)

    2012-07-01

    The development of pre-salt wells offshore Brazil has been one of the most challenging projects in history of E and P. Facing water depths of 2000+ meters, a salt layer 2000 meters thick to reach reservoirs at 7000 meters below sea level, has to use technological and procedural techniques never used before. In those 2 years of exploration of those fields many technologies were tested and improved. This paper describes the systematic approach was taken to analyze, plan and follow-up the development of drilling operations campaign in those fields, and the case study of overall process improvement. The assumption was to apply a risk analysis tool which uses previous data to analyze the performance and plan future time. The goals of this process are continuous improvement of execution and process control for each operation. Looking into previous performance, new interventions were planned more accurately and further improvements were studied. The frequent follow up of the drilling intervention was done using the statistical base to compare the most recent results. At operational level it was possible to see if the last operation was done in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th quartile of its related statistical distribution, as well as to verify the difference within P10 and P90, which indicates the control of each operation execution process. The same process was done for some rig related operations and for the whole intervention at end of it. Close contact with the intervention progress was kept and actions taken in any major deviation from the plan. This paper describes the case study where the process control and optimization of the total time for drilling 10 wells with similar design was measured between March 2009 and May 2011. It resulted in significant improvement in the drilling process. (author)

  13. Cool Mist Irrigation Improves Heat Dissipation during Surgical Bone Drilling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siljander, Breana R; Wang, Anthony C; Zhang, Lihui; Shih, Albert J; Sullivan, Stephen E; Tai, Bruce L

    2014-08-01

    Objective High-speed drilling generates heat in small cavities and may pose a risk for neurovascular tissues. We hypothesize that a continuous pressurized cold mist could be an alternative approach for better cooling during drilling of bone to access cranial lesions. This study aims to examine this idea experimentally. Design Ex-vivo drilling tests with controlled speed, feed, and depth were performed on cortical bone samples. Thermocouples were embedded underneath the drilling path to compare the temperature rises under mist cooling (at 3°C,  800 mL/h). Results A significant difference exists between these two systems (p value < 0.05). The measured temperature was ∼ 4°C lower for mist cooling than for flood irrigation, even with less than a third of the flow rate. Conclusion Experimental data indicate the capability of mist cooling to reduce heat generation while simultaneously enabling flow reduction and targeted cooling. An improved field of view in an extremely narrow access corridor may be achieved with this technology.

  14. Key technologies of drilling process with raise boring method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiqiang Liu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the concept of shaft constructed by raise boring in underground mines, and the idea of inverse construction can be extended to other fields of underground engineering. The conventional raise boring methods, such as the wood support method, the hanging cage method, the creeping cage method, and the deep-hole blasting method, are analyzed and compared. In addition, the raise boring machines are classified into different types and the characteristics of each type are described. The components of a raise boring machine including the drill rig, the drill string and the auxiliary system are also presented. Based on the analysis of the raise boring method, the rock mechanics problems during the raise boring process are put forward, including rock fragmentation, removal of cuttings, shaft wall stability, and borehole deviation control. Finally, the development trends of raise boring technology are described as follows: (i improvement of rock-breaking modes to raise drilling efficiency, (ii development of an intelligent control technique, and (iii development of technology and equipment for nonlinear raise boring.

  15. Parameter definition using vibration prediction software leads to significant drilling performance improvements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Dalmo; Hanley, Chris Hanley; Fonseca, Isaac; Santos, Juliana [National Oilwell Varco, Houston TX (United States); Leite, Daltro J.; Borella, Augusto; Gozzi, Danilo [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    field monitoring. Vibration prediction diminishes the importance of trial-and-error procedures such as drill-off tests, which are valid only for short sections. It also solves an existing lapse in Mechanical Specific Energy (MSE) real-time drilling control programs applying the theory of Teale, which states that a drilling system is perfectly efficient when it spends the exact energy to overcome the in situ rock strength. Using the proprietary software tool this paper will examine the resonant vibration modes that may be initiated while drilling with different BHA's and drill string designs, showing that the combination of a proper BHA design along with the correct selection of input parameters results in an overall improvement to drilling efficiency. Also, being the BHA predictively analyzed, it will be reduced the potential for vibration or stress fatigue in the drill string components, leading to a safer operation. In the recent years there has been an increased focus on vibration detection, analysis, and mitigation techniques, where new technologies, like the Drilling Dynamics Data Recorders (DDDR), may provide the capability to capture high frequency dynamics data at multiple points along the drilling system. These tools allow the achievement of drilling performance improvements not possible before, opening a whole new array of opportunities for optimization and for verification of predictions calculated by the drill string dynamics modeling software tool. The results of this study will identify how the dynamics from the drilling system, interacting with formation, directly relate to inefficiencies and to the possible solutions to mitigate drilling vibrations in order to improve drilling performance. Software vibration prediction and downhole measurements can be used for non-drilling operations like drilling out casing or reaming, where extremely high vibration levels - devastating to the cutting structure of the bit before it has even touched bottom - have

  16. A new technology for hard-rock tunneling based on drilling and hydraulic impact breaking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Long Risheng; Sun Shaoni; Lian Zisheng; Liao Yaoyao; Qin Xiaofeng

    2015-01-01

    In order to realize the safety, high efficiency and rapidity of hard rock tunneling, we propose the drilling&hydraulic impact hard-rock tunneling (DHIHT) technology and method. Based on the LS-DYNA explicit module and APDL programming, the key parameters of DHIHT, including drilling spacing and drilling radius, were investigated. The simulation results show that: the drilling spacing should not exceed 0.20 m-larger distances weaken the actual breaking effect;the best drilling radius is about 0.035 m, lar-ger or smaller distances would both decrease the effect of drilling-hole free surfaces. The field impact breaking experiments were conducted in Baitaizi township granite quarry, Jinzhou, Liaoning province, China. The experiment results indicate that DHIHT is a feasible method for hard-rock tunneling, but its efficiency still needs to be further optimized and improved.

  17. On Improving International Competitiveness of China-Made Drilling Rigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gong Huijuan

    2009-01-01

    @@ Current state of technology for China made drilling rigs With accelerated oil & gas exploration and development,and the implementation of "going out"strategy in recent years,the manufacturing of drilling equipment has entered a phase of rapid development in China.

  18. Beyond the Next Generation in Drilling Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stroud, Tom; Heysse, Dale

    1998-12-31

    This presentation looks back at the history of offshore drilling and then projects a number of evolutionary developments into the years from 1998 to 2005: (1) By the end of 1999, LWD formation testers and nuclear magnetic resonance tools will become field proven. (2) Global personal networks should be further enhanced when such new communications satellites as Motorola`s Iridium enter operation. Global communications will lead to remote pay zone steering of offshore wells. (3) Casing will be expanded downhole, enabling drilling of smaller uniform diameter wells. (4) Riserless drilling will become available for more applications. (5) There will be increased used of multilateral well designs. (6) Somebody will drill an extended reach well longer than 15 km. (7) The current trend toward subsea production and large floating facilities will continue. (8) `Smart` well completions will mature and become more common, including downhole separation of oil, gas and water. Beyond 2005, rig efficiency will increase, riserless drilling will become commercially available for deepwater applications, computing and communication will become integrated worldwide, and seafloor gas-to-liquids conversion may become commercial. 16 refs.

  19. A Review of the Evaluation, Control, and Application Technologies for Drill String Vibrations and Shocks in Oil and Gas Well

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangjian Dong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Drill string vibrations and shocks (V&S can limit the optimization of drilling performance, which is a key problem for trajectory optimizing, wellbore design, increasing drill tools life, rate of penetration, and intelligent drilling. The directional wells and other special trajectory drilling technologies are often used in deep water, deep well, hard rock, and brittle shale formations. In drilling these complex wells, the cost caused by V&S increases. According to past theories, indoor experiments, and field studies, the relations among ten kinds of V&S, which contain basic forms, response frequency, and amplitude, are summarized and discussed. Two evaluation methods are compared systematically, such as theoretical and measurement methods. Typical vibration measurement tools are investigated and discussed. The control technologies for drill string V&S are divided into passive control, active control, and semiactive control. Key methods for and critical equipment of three control types are compared. Based on the past development, a controlling program of drill string V&S is devised. Application technologies of the drill string V&S are discussed, such as improving the rate of penetration, controlling borehole trajectory, finding source of seismic while drilling, and reducing the friction of drill string. Related discussions and recommendations for evaluating, controlling, and applying the drill string V&S are made.

  20. An Improved Triangular Element With Drilling Rotations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damkilde, Lars; Grønne, Mikael

    2002-01-01

    by rotations in the corner nodes. Compared to Allman's plane element which was the first succesfull implementation of drilling rotations the proposed element has extra displacements in the mid-side nodes parallel to the element sides. The performance should therefore be better and closer to the LST...

  1. Research on nanocrystalline cellulose to improve the performances of drilling muds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boluk, Yaman

    2011-03-15

    A research project has been launched between the University of Alberta and multiple companies to improve the productivity of oil and gas drilling operations. This project, funded by various industrial sectors and provincial government sources, aims to develop a nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) additive, a thermally stable nanoparticle, in order to control fluid loss in drilling operations. During this project, tests will be performed in the laboratory and full scale drilling trials will also be done. NCC-based drilling fluids are expected to provide better invasion control and would help prevent drilling mud operational problems. NCC additives have been under development for the past decade and are now expected to be used in various emerging technologies; a large scale NCC production facility is to be built in Quebec.

  2. In the zone - first rotary steerable liner-while-drilling system; Drilling technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-07-01

    Statoil recently successfully tested the world's first rotary steerable liner-while-drilling system from its Brage platform in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. This innovative technology - with applications in new and mature fields - was jointly developed by Statoil and Baker Hughes Incorporated. The concept of a rotary steerable system that gives operators the ability to accurately drill and log three-dimensional well profiles with a liner attached directly to the drillstring is entirely new. The system is designed to withstand high circulation rates and high torque loads while providing liner connect and disconnect capabilities. (Author)

  3. Experimental survey on geothermal well drilling for improvement of the drilling work efficiency. Chinetsui kussakuno noritsu kojoni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-05-01

    In order to reduce the geothermal well drilling cost which amounts to 40 to 60 % of the total geothermal energy development cost, various factors relevant to the drilling operation have been extracted and examined, aiming at the reduction in the well drilling time which is the most definite factor for the well drilling cost. The following items have been studied on their current situations: drilling time analysis on 13 geothermal wells drilled by NEDO; questionare to 9 domestic geothermal developer enterprises to obtain information on their bussiness status; to investigate current activities of 5 geothermal well drilling companies in U.S.A. and Italy. Investigations of countermeasures for improving well drilling work efficiency, such as reducing the time of rig-up and rig-down, prevention and countermeasures against borehole troubles, improvement of rate of penetration have been carried out. Furthermore, investigations of organization for well drilling work such as education and training of drilling crew and secure of drilling supervisors have been conducted. Having summerized the items examined for improving the geothermal well drilling efficiency, the goals of improvement of the efficiency and the future tasks in the mainly technical aspect are extracted. Example of the content is as follows, shortening rig-up and down time set to less than 15 days for rig-up and less than 10 days for rig-down, by securing drilling site area. (50 figs, 13 tabs, 13 refs)

  4. Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program. Quarterly progress report, October 1980-December 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelsey, J.R. (ed.)

    1981-03-01

    The progress, status, and results of ongoing Research and Development (R and D) within the Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program are described. The program emphasizes the development of geothermal drilling hardware, drilling fluids, completion technology, and lost circulation control methods. Advanced drilling systems are also under development.

  5. Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program. Quarterly progress report, January 1981-March 1981

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelsey, J.R. (ed.)

    1981-06-01

    The progress, status, and results of ongoing Research and Development (R and D) within the Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program are described. The program emphasizes the development of geothermal drilling hardware, drilling fluids, completion technology, and lost circulation control methods as they apply to advanced drilling systems.

  6. Study on Treatment Technology of Drill Cuttings While Drilling%钻屑随钻处理技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟顺泉; 董怀荣; 丁希军; 安庆宝

    2012-01-01

    介绍了国内外钻屑处理技术现状,提出一种新型钻屑随钻处理实施方案,研制出了关键技术设备.现场试验结果表明:具有钻屑随钻处理功能的新型钻井液固控系统能够满足我国实际钻井工况要求,推广应用前景广阔.%Based on analyzing the domestic and international situation of treatment technology of drill cuttings, the kind of new technical scheme of treatment technology of drill cuttings while drilling was put forward,that the drilling technology of minor cycle without mud pit can be realized and the drill cuttings according with the conditions of transport through dewatering and drying can be carried away from drilling well site before falling onto ground. The key equipment was developed, which has been tried in lab and on site through 3 wells. The results showed that the new mud solid control system with treatment technology of drill cuttings while drilling had a good adaptability to meet the actual drilling condition in China. This technology has broad application prospects.

  7. Advances in developing the air-lift drilling technology. Concept of a portal drilling rig - trial of a steerable shaft drilling bit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, W.

    1988-12-01

    The Federal Minister of Research and Technology is supporting a project of Wirth GmbH to develop a new drilling rig suitable for drilling deep shafts from the surface through ground of almost any condition, from unstable formations to solid rock. The development of such drilling rig is based on the blind drilling method with air-assisted reverse circulation. - Various concepts of drilling rigs have been developed in accordance with different planning stages of a combined RD-project. Based on the experience of an extensive R and D program a steerable vertical drilling bit has been developed by which deviations from the vertical can be positively corrected. The prototype of this steerable bit with a diameter of 2.1 m has been tested successfully while drilling a well with a depth of more than 200 m in an open pit coal mine.

  8. Exploration Drilling and Technology Demonstration At Fort Bliss

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barker, Ben; Moore, Joe [EGI; Segall, Marylin; Nash, Greg; Simmons, Stuart; Jones, Clay; Lear, Jon; Bennett, Carlon

    2014-02-26

    The Tularosa-Hueco basin in south-central New Mexico has long been known as an extensional area of high heat flow. Much of the basin is within the Fort Bliss military reservation, which is an exceptionally high value customer for power independent of the regional electric grid and for direct use energy in building climate control. A series of slim holes drilled in the 1990s established the existence of a thermal anomaly but not its practical value. This study began in 2009 with a demonstration of new exploration drilling technology. The subsequent phases reported here delivered a useful well, comparative exploration data sets and encouragement for further development. A production-size well, RMI56-5, was sited after extensive study of archival and newly collected data in 2010-2011. Most of 2012 was taken up with getting state and Federal authorities to agree on a lead agency for permitting purposes, getting a drilling permit and redesigning the drilling program to suit available equipment. In 2013 we drilled, logged and tested a 924 m well on the McGregor Range at Fort Bliss using a reverse circulation rig. Rig tests demonstrated commercial permeability and the well has a 7-inch slotted liner for use either in production or injection. An August 2013 survey of the completed well showed a temperature of 90 C with no reversal, the highest such temperature in the vicinity. The well’s proximity to demand suggests a potentially valuable resource for direct use heat and emergency power generation. The drilling produced cuttings of excellent size and quality. These were subjected to traditional analyses (thin sections, XRD) and to the QEMScan™ for comparison. QEMScan™ technology includes algorithms for determining such properties of rocks as density, mineralogy, heavy/light atoms, and porosity to be compared with direct measurements of the cuttings. In addition to a complete cuttings set, conventional and resistivity image logs were obtained in the open hole before

  9. Exploration Drilling and Technology Demonstration At Fort Bliss

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barker, Ben; Moore, Joe [EGI; Segall, Marylin; Nash, Greg; Simmons, Stuart; Jones, Clay; Lear, Jon; Bennett, Carlon

    2014-02-26

    The Tularosa-Hueco basin in south-central New Mexico has long been known as an extensional area of high heat flow. Much of the basin is within the Fort Bliss military reservation, which is an exceptionally high value customer for power independent of the regional electric grid and for direct use energy in building climate control. A series of slim holes drilled in the 1990s established the existence of a thermal anomaly but not its practical value. This study began in 2009 with a demonstration of new exploration drilling technology. The subsequent phases reported here delivered a useful well, comparative exploration data sets and encouragement for further development. A production-size well, RMI56-5, was sited after extensive study of archival and newly collected data in 2010-2011. Most of 2012 was taken up with getting state and Federal authorities to agree on a lead agency for permitting purposes, getting a drilling permit and redesigning the drilling program to suit available equipment. In 2013 we drilled, logged and tested a 924 m well on the McGregor Range at Fort Bliss using a reverse circulation rig. Rig tests demonstrated commercial permeability and the well has a 7-inch slotted liner for use either in production or injection. An August 2013 survey of the completed well showed a temperature of 90 C with no reversal, the highest such temperature in the vicinity. The well’s proximity to demand suggests a potentially valuable resource for direct use heat and emergency power generation. The drilling produced cuttings of excellent size and quality. These were subjected to traditional analyses (thin sections, XRD) and to the QEMScan™ for comparison. QEMScan™ technology includes algorithms for determining such properties of rocks as density, mineralogy, heavy/light atoms, and porosity to be compared with direct measurements of the cuttings. In addition to a complete cuttings set, conventional and resistivity image logs were obtained in the open hole before

  10. Hard rock drilling: from conventional technologies to the potential use of laser; Perfuracao em rochas duras: das tecnologias convencionais ate o potencial uso do laser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaro, Renato; Lomba, Rosana Fatima Teixieira [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Perez, Maria Angelica Acosta; Valente, Luiz Carlos Guedes; Braga, Arthur Martins Barbosa [Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio), RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    One of the biggest challenges in the drilling of the carbonate rocks of the Pre-salt is to overcome the low penetration rates that have been obtained in the drilling of the reservoir rock in the vertical and directional wells. To overcome this challenge, a great effort is being developed in several lines of research, both in developing new concepts in drill bits and in the selection of a drilling system that together with appropriate type of bit provide an expected improvement in performance. To achieve these results, procedures are being prioritized and drilling systems with lower vibration levels are being used, since this phenomenon of vibration reduces the performance of penetration rate also affecting the lifetime of the equipment and consequently causes a reduction in reliability of all system and raises the cost per meter of drilling. Thus, new drill bit technology and new drilling systems are under development and, among these technologies we can distinguish those that promote improvements in conventional technologies and innovative technologies frankly which uses new mechanisms to cut or weaken the rock. This paper presents an overview of the conventional technology of drilling systems and drill bits, and provides information about the researches that have been developed with the use of innovative technologies which is presented as highly promising, among these innovative technologies, laser drilling and the drilling itself assisted by laser. In this process the laser beam has the main function to weaken the rock improving the rate of penetration. This paper presents a summary of studies and analyzes which are underway to investigate the potential of laser technology, also presents some results of laboratory tests already carried out. The drilling fluid in which the laser will have to pass through in the future applications is analyzed on the approach of their physicochemical properties. Thus, a better understanding of the interaction with the drilling

  11. Optimization of Deep Drilling Performance--Development and Benchmark Testing of Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits & HP/HT Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alan Black; Arnis Judzis

    2003-10-01

    This document details the progress to date on the OPTIMIZATION OF DEEP DRILLING PERFORMANCE--DEVELOPMENT AND BENCHMARK TESTING OF ADVANCED DIAMOND PRODUCT DRILL BITS AND HP/HT FLUIDS TO SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVE RATES OF PENETRATION contract for the year starting October 2002 through September 2002. The industry cost shared program aims to benchmark drilling rates of penetration in selected simulated deep formations and to significantly improve ROP through a team development of aggressive diamond product drill bit--fluid system technologies. Overall the objectives are as follows: Phase 1--Benchmark ''best in class'' diamond and other product drilling bits and fluids and develop concepts for a next level of deep drilling performance; Phase 2--Develop advanced smart bit--fluid prototypes and test at large scale; and Phase 3--Field trial smart bit--fluid concepts, modify as necessary and commercialize products. Accomplishments to date include the following: 4Q 2002--Project started; Industry Team was assembled; Kick-off meeting was held at DOE Morgantown; 1Q 2003--Engineering meeting was held at Hughes Christensen, The Woodlands Texas to prepare preliminary plans for development and testing and review equipment needs; Operators started sending information regarding their needs for deep drilling challenges and priorities for large-scale testing experimental matrix; Aramco joined the Industry Team as DEA 148 objectives paralleled the DOE project; 2Q 2003--Engineering and planning for high pressure drilling at TerraTek commenced; 3Q 2003--Continuation of engineering and design work for high pressure drilling at TerraTek; Baker Hughes INTEQ drilling Fluids and Hughes Christensen commence planning for Phase 1 testing--recommendations for bits and fluids.

  12. Parameter definition using vibration prediction software leads to significant drilling performance improvements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Dalmo; Hanley, Chris Hanley; Fonseca, Isaac; Santos, Juliana [National Oilwell Varco, Houston TX (United States); Leite, Daltro J.; Borella, Augusto; Gozzi, Danilo [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    field monitoring. Vibration prediction diminishes the importance of trial-and-error procedures such as drill-off tests, which are valid only for short sections. It also solves an existing lapse in Mechanical Specific Energy (MSE) real-time drilling control programs applying the theory of Teale, which states that a drilling system is perfectly efficient when it spends the exact energy to overcome the in situ rock strength. Using the proprietary software tool this paper will examine the resonant vibration modes that may be initiated while drilling with different BHA's and drill string designs, showing that the combination of a proper BHA design along with the correct selection of input parameters results in an overall improvement to drilling efficiency. Also, being the BHA predictively analyzed, it will be reduced the potential for vibration or stress fatigue in the drill string components, leading to a safer operation. In the recent years there has been an increased focus on vibration detection, analysis, and mitigation techniques, where new technologies, like the Drilling Dynamics Data Recorders (DDDR), may provide the capability to capture high frequency dynamics data at multiple points along the drilling system. These tools allow the achievement of drilling performance improvements not possible before, opening a whole new array of opportunities for optimization and for verification of predictions calculated by the drill string dynamics modeling software tool. The results of this study will identify how the dynamics from the drilling system, interacting with formation, directly relate to inefficiencies and to the possible solutions to mitigate drilling vibrations in order to improve drilling performance. Software vibration prediction and downhole measurements can be used for non-drilling operations like drilling out casing or reaming, where extremely high vibration levels - devastating to the cutting structure of the bit before it has even touched bottom - have

  13. Key technologies for well drilling and completion in ultra-deep sour gas reservoirs, Yuanba Gasfield, Sichuan Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiaxiang Xia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Yuanba Gasfield is a large gas field discovered by Sinopec in the Sichuan Basin in recent years, and another main exploration area for natural gas reserves and production increase after the Puguang Gasfield. The ultra-deep sour gas reservoir in the Yuanba Gasfield is characterized by complicated geologic structure, deep reservoirs and complex drilled formation, especially in the continental deep strata which are highly abrasive with low ROP (rate of penetration and long drilling period. After many years of drilling practice and technical research, the following six key drilling and completion technologies for this type reservoir are established by introducing new tools and technologies, developing specialized drill bits and optimizing drilling design. They are: casing program optimization technology for ROP increasing and safe well completion; gas drilling technology for shallow continental strata and high-efficiency drilling technology for deep high-abrasion continental strata; drilling fluid support technologies of gas–liquid conversion, ultra-deep highly-deviated wells and horizontal-well lubrication and drag reduction, hole stability control and sour gas contamination prevention; well cementing technologies for gas medium, deep-well long cementing intervals and ultra-high pressure small space; horizontal-well trajectory control technologies for measuring instrument, downhole motor optimization and bottom hole assembly design; and liner completion modes and completion string optimization technologies suitable for this gas reservoir. Field application shows that these key technologies are contributive to ROP increase and efficiency improvement of 7000 m deep horizontal wells and to significant operational cycle shortening.

  14. An Industry/DOE Program to Develop and Benchmark Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits and HP/HT Drilling Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    TerraTek

    2007-06-30

    A deep drilling research program titled 'An Industry/DOE Program to Develop and Benchmark Advanced Diamond Product Drill Bits and HP/HT Drilling Fluids to Significantly Improve Rates of Penetration' was conducted at TerraTek's Drilling and Completions Laboratory. Drilling tests were run to simulate deep drilling by using high bore pressures and high confining and overburden stresses. The purpose of this testing was to gain insight into practices that would improve rates of penetration and mechanical specific energy while drilling under high pressure conditions. Thirty-seven test series were run utilizing a variety of drilling parameters which allowed analysis of the performance of drill bits and drilling fluids. Five different drill bit types or styles were tested: four-bladed polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC), 7-bladed PDC in regular and long profile, roller-cone, and impregnated. There were three different rock types used to simulate deep formations: Mancos shale, Carthage marble, and Crab Orchard sandstone. The testing also analyzed various drilling fluids and the extent to which they improved drilling. The PDC drill bits provided the best performance overall. The impregnated and tungsten carbide insert roller-cone drill bits performed poorly under the conditions chosen. The cesium formate drilling fluid outperformed all other drilling muds when drilling in the Carthage marble and Mancos shale with PDC drill bits. The oil base drilling fluid with manganese tetroxide weighting material provided the best performance when drilling the Crab Orchard sandstone.

  15. Geothermal drilling ad completion technology development program. Semi-annual progress report, April-September 1979

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varnado, S.G. (ed.)

    1980-05-01

    The progress, status, and results of ongoing Research and Development (R and D) within the Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program are described. The program emphasizes the development of geothermal drilling hardware, drilling fluids, and completion technology. Advanced drilling systems are also under development. The goals of the program are to develop the technology required to reduce well costs by 25% by 1982 and by 50% by 1986.

  16. Geothermal drilling and completion technology development program. Annual progress report, October 1979-September 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varnado, S.G. (ed.)

    1980-11-01

    The progress, status, and results of ongoing research and development (R and D) within the Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program are described. The program emphasizes the development of geothermal drilling hardware, drilling fluids, completion technology, and lost circulation control methods. Advanced drilling systems are also under development. The goals of the program are to develop the technology required to reduce well costs by 25% by 1983 and by 50% by 1987.

  17. Geothermal drilling and completion technology development program. Quarterly progress report, April-June 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varnado, S.G.

    1980-07-01

    The progress, status, and results of ongoing research and development (R and D) within the Geothermal Drilling and Completion Technology Development Program are reported. The program emphasizes the development of geothermal drilling hardware, drilling fluids, completion technology, and lost circulation control methods. Advanced drilling systems are also under development. The goals of the program are to develop the technology required to reduce well costs by 25% by 1983 and by 50% by 1987.

  18. Technology and application of pressure relief and permeability increase by jointly drilling and slotting coal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Baiquan; Zhang Jianguo; Shen Chunming; Zhang Qizhi; Sun Chen

    2012-01-01

    Difficulties with soft coal seams having a high gas content and high stress levels can be addressed by a technology of pressure relief and permeability increase.Slotting the seam by auxiliary drilling with a water jet that breaks the coal and slots the coal seam during the process of retreat drilling achieves pressure relief and permeability increase.Improved efficiency of gas extraction from a field test,high gas coal seam was observed.Investigating the theory of pressure relief and permeability increase required analyzing the characteristics of the double power slotting process and the effects of coal pressure relief and permeability increase.The influence of confining pressure on coal physical properties was examined by using FLAC3D software code to simulate changes of coal stress within the tool destruction area.The double power joint drilling method was modeled.Field experiments were performed and the effects are analyzed.This research shows that there is an "islanding effect" in front of the joint double power drill and slotting equipment.The failure strength of the coal seam is substantially reduced within the tool destruction area.Drilling depths are increased by 72% and the diameter of the borehole is increased by 30%.The amount of powdered coal extracted from the drill head increases by 17 times when using the new method.A 30 day total flow measurement from the double power drilled and slotted bores showed that gas extraction increased by 1.3 times compared to the standard drilled bores.Gas concentrations increased from 30% to 60% and were more stable so the overall extraction efficiency increased by a factor of two times.

  19. National Advanced Drilling and Excavation Technologies Institute. Status report, March 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peterson, C.

    1997-12-31

    The National Advanced Drilling and Excavation Technologies (NADET) program is intended to pool support, talent, and technologies of the industries dependent upon drilling and excavation technologies to initiate, coordinate, and sustain programs capable of developing substantial technological advances. The NADET Institute has been funded by the DOE Office of Geothermal Technologies and is now supporting seven projects aimed at advanced geothermal drilling technologies. The Institute seeks to broaden its base of funding and technological support from both government and industry sources. Encouraging progress has been made with the support of dues-paying industrial members and industrial sponsorship of a substantial drilling research study.

  20. 钻机主轴失效分析及改进措施%Failure Analysis and Improvement of Drills of Drilling Machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕世明

    2015-01-01

    Based on the comprehensive analysis of drill spindle fracture failure of the research ,combining actual corresponding scientific and reasonable technological improvement ,thus to effectively improve the reliability of the drilling rig .%通过对钻机主轴断裂失效的综合分析研究,结合实际进行相应的科学合理的技术改进,从而有效提高了钻机工作的可靠性。

  1. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Survey on the innovative well drilling technology; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kakushinteki kosei kussaku gijutsu ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In the geothermal drilling, reduction of the cost of well drilling is an important subject for technical development. The geothermal resource development tends to be made at higher temperatures and at deeper wells. In the present drilling technology, the cost is rising with the exponentially increasing depth and temperature, and there is also occurring the technical limit. Accordingly, the survey clarified the limit of the present drilling technology/cost to point out the research trend of the drilling technology as substitute for the present one, possibilities of the introduction, and the R and D target and subjects. As to latest drilling systems abroad and in Japan, the following were surveyed to study and extract promising technologies and systems: improvement/application of drilling equipment/materials (enhancement of heat resistance of the main drilling equipment, etc., cooling effects of top drive, heat resistance verification of MWD tools, PDM, tricone bits, multi-stage cementing tools, etc.), heightening of drilling rates, trend surveys of slim hole drilling, control drilling, well maintenance/workover, and well design technology. 68 refs., 73 figs., 40 tabs.

  2. Technology assessment of vertical and horizontal air drilling potential in the United States. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carden, R.S.

    1993-08-18

    The objective of the research was to assess the potential for vertical, directional and horizontal air drilling in the United States and to evaluate the current technology used in air drilling. To accomplish the task, the continental United States was divided into drilling regions and provinces. The map in Appendix A shows the divisions. Air drilling data were accumulated for as many provinces as possible. The data were used to define the potential problems associated with air drilling, to determine the limitations of air drilling and to analyze the relative economics of drilling with air versus drilling mud. While gathering the drilling data, operators, drilling contractors, air drilling contractors, and service companies were contacted. Their opinion as to the advantages and limitations of air drilling were discussed. Each was specifically asked if they thought air drilling could be expanded within the continental United States and where that expansion could take place. The well data were collected and placed in a data base. Over 165 records were collected. Once in the data base, the information was analyzed to determine the economics of air drilling and to determine the limiting factors associated with air drilling.

  3. Innovations in precision seed drilling technology: successes or failures?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Benninger

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In view of the development of various technological alternatives in precision seed drilling, it has become a matter of research whether there are clear criteria for the success or failure of technological innovations. Around the turn to the 20th century, two very different precision seed drill methods were developed almost at the same time. Band seeding made it possible to achieve nearly perfect single grain sowing. For this purpose, individual, equally spaced seeds were embedded into bands of paper or cotton. In the field, these seed tapes were then unreeled from large drums. The pneumatic system proposed in 1897, by contrast, introduced grain singling using a vacuum for the first time. Although band seeding presented a satisfactory technological solution, it was never widely applied. Pneumatic systems, on the other hand, took long to catch on and only started to be successful in the late 1960s. Up to then, these innovative systems had to be considered as failures. Changing the period under review, however, may completely reverse the assessment of whether an innovation is a success or a failure.

  4. Sea Bed Drilling Technology MARUM-MeBo: Overview on recent scientific drilling campaigns and technical developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freudenthal, Tim; Bergenthal, Markus; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Pape, Thomas; Kopf, Achim; Huhn-Frehers, Katrin; Gohl, Karsten; Wefer, Gerold

    2017-04-01

    The MARUM-MeBo (abbreviation for Meeresboden-Bohrgerät, the German expression for seafloor drill rig) is a robotic drilling system that is developed since 2004 at the MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences at the University of Bremen in close cooperation with Bauer Maschinen GmbH and other industry partners. The MARUM-MeBo drill rigs can be deployed from multipurpose research vessel like, RV MARIA S. MERIAN, RV METEOR, RV SONNE and RV POLARSTERN and are used for getting long cores both in soft sediments as well as hard rocks in the deep sea. The first generation drill rig, the MARUM-MeBo70 is dedicated for a drilling depth of more than 70 m (Freudenthal and Wefer, 2013). Between 2005 and 2016 it was deployed on 17 research expeditions and drilled about 3 km into different types of geology including carbonate and crystalline rocks, gas hydrates, glacial tills, sands and gravel, glacial till and hemipelagic mud with an average recovery rate of about 70 %. We used the development and operational experiences of MARUM-MeBo70 for the development of a second generation drill rig MARUM-MeBo200. This drill rig is dedicated for conducting core drilling down to 200 m below sea floor. After successful sea trials in the North Sea in October 2014 the MeBo200 was used on a scientific expedition on the research vessel RV SONNE (SO247) in March/April 2016. During 12 deployments we drilled altogether 514 m in hemipelagic sediments with volcanic ashes as well as in muddy and sandy slide deposits off New Zealand. The average core recovery was about 54%. The maximum drilling depth was 105 m below sea floor. Developments for the MeBo drilling technology include the development of a pressure core barrel that was successfully deployed on two research expeditions so far. Bore hole logging adds to the coring capacity. Several autonomous logging probes have been developed in the last years for a deployment with MeBo in the logging while tripping mode - a sonic probe measuring in

  5. Drilling Fluid System & Technology in Sichuan Gas Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang You; He Lun

    1995-01-01

    @@ Polymer Drilling FluidSystem SPA (Sichuan Petroleum Administration) began to use non-dispersed polymer drilling fluids in 1975. In the beginning,SPA adopted the single polymer drilling fluid systems utilizing single polyacrylamide as full flocculants or utilizing PHPA (partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide) as proper flocculants, then SPA widely popularized the multi-polymer drilling fluid systems compounding of high, medium and low molecular weight polymers. The amphoteric polymers drilling fluid has been successfully developed and applied in recent years.

  6. Advanced Percussive Drilling Technology for Geothermal Exploration and Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Su, Jiann [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Raymond, David [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prasad, Somuri [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wolfer, Dale [Atlas-Copco Secoroc LLC, Fagersta (Sweden)

    2017-06-12

    Percussive hammers are a promising advance in drilling technology for geothermal since they rely upon rock reduction mechanisms that are well-suited for use in the hard, brittle rock characteristic of geothermal formations. The project research approach and work plan includes a critical path to development of a high-temperature (HT) percussive hammer using a two phase approach. The work completed in Phase I of the project demonstrated the viability of percussive hammers and that solutions to technical challenges in design, material technology, and performance are likely to be resolved. Work completed in Phase II focused on testing the findings from Phase I and evaluating performance of the materials and designs at high operating temperatures. A high-operating temperature (HOT) drilling facility was designed, built, and used to test the performance of the DTH under extreme conditions. Results from the testing indicate that a high-temperature capable hammer can be developed and is a viable alternative for use in the driller’s toolbox.

  7. Development Status and Challenge of PetroChina's Deep Drilling Technologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Haige; Zheng Xinquan

    2005-01-01

    @@ Deep and ultra-deep drilling technologies have been developed since the late 1930s, and got great achievements especially in the last two decades. The depth of well completion has even reached to 12 kilometers. Several countries, such as US and some European countries,are leading in the advanced deep and ultra-deep drilling technologies in the world. In recent years, nevertheless,PetroChina has also made big progress in mechanical penetration rate (ROP), drilling period, amount of drilling bit used in a single well of deep drilling as well as in deep drilling equipments. Compared with the high-level technologies of complicated deep drilling in the world,PetroChina still has a long way to go.

  8. Rapid Development of Drilling Technology and Market of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Guanqing; Ni Rongfu

    1994-01-01

    @@ China's developing drilling market Now, CNPC is the owner of more than 1 000 rigs of large and medium size, including imported electric-drive rigs with 6 000 to 9 000 m drilling capacity, imported mechanical drive rigs with 5 000 to 6 000 m drilling capacity, imported mobile rigs with 1 500 to 3 000 m drilling capacity and a lot of home-made mechanical rigs with 2 000,3 200, 4 500 and 6 000m drilling capacity, which can meet the requirement of the domestic and foreign drilling market.

  9. Technological evaluation of the drilling industry and its long range requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-03-01

    This study evaluates the drilling equipment industry and determines oil field drilling equipment products that should be considered for a development program. Besides listing oil field equipment products suitable for development, it also determines cost/time factors involved in the development and defines product benefit factors in terms of improved drilling rig productivity. (DLC)

  10. Horizontal Directional Drilling-Length Detection Technology While Drilling Based on Bi-Electro-Magnetic Sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yudan; Wen, Guojun; Chen, Han

    2017-04-27

    The drilling length is an important parameter in the process of horizontal directional drilling (HDD) exploration and recovery, but there has been a lack of accurate, automatically obtained statistics regarding this parameter. Herein, a technique for real-time HDD length detection and a management system based on the electromagnetic detection method with a microprocessor and two magnetoresistive sensors employing the software LabVIEW are proposed. The basic principle is to detect the change in the magnetic-field strength near a current coil while the drill stem and drill-stem joint successively pass through the current coil forward or backward. The detection system consists of a hardware subsystem and a software subsystem. The hardware subsystem employs a single-chip microprocessor as the main controller. A current coil is installed in front of the clamping unit, and two magneto resistive sensors are installed on the sides of the coil symmetrically and perpendicular to the direction of movement of the drill pipe. Their responses are used to judge whether the drill-stem joint is passing through the clamping unit; then, the order of their responses is used to judge the movement direction. The software subsystem is composed of a visual software running on the host computer and a software running in the slave microprocessor. The host-computer software processes, displays, and saves the drilling-length data, whereas the slave microprocessor software operates the hardware system. A combined test demonstrated the feasibility of the entire drilling-length detection system.

  11. dhms drilling technology: current projects and new developments; Bohrtechnik von dhms: Aktuelle Projekte und Neuentwicklungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, F.; Maas, M. [deilmann-haniel mining systems gmbh (dhms), Dortmund (Germany)

    2007-02-01

    The Drilling Technology division has meanwhile assumed a leading role at dhms. The long experience with drilling installations of different types and the systematic further development of this equipment is resulting in a sharp increase in worldwide demand. dhms can now achieve results with its drilling technology products also in markets and fields of application, which still did not appear easily accessible some years ago. (orig.)

  12. HPC simulations of grain-scale spallation to improve thermal spallation drilling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, S. D.; Lomov, I.; Wideman, T. W.; Potter, J.

    2012-12-01

    Thermal spallation drilling and related hard-rock hole opening techniques are transformative technologies with the potential to dramatically reduce the costs associated with EGS well drilling and improve the productivity of new and existing wells. In contrast to conventional drilling methods that employ mechanical means to penetrate rock, thermal spallation methods fragment rock into small pieces ("spalls") without contact via the rapid transmission of heat to the rock surface. State-of-the-art constitutive models of thermal spallation employ Weibull statistical failure theory to represent the relationship between rock heterogeneity and its propensity to produce spalls when heat is applied to the rock surface. These models have been successfully used to predict such factors as penetration rate, spall-size distribution and borehole radius from drilling jet velocity and applied heat flux. A properly calibrated Weibull model would permit design optimization of thermal spallation drilling under geothermal field conditions. However, although useful for predicting system response in a given context, Weibull models are by their nature empirically derived. In the past, the parameters used in these models were carefully determined from laboratory tests, and thus model applicability was limited by experimental scope. This becomes problematic, for example, if simulating spall production at depths relevant for geothermal energy production, or modeling thermal spallation drilling in new rock types. Nevertheless, with sufficient computational resources, Weibull models could be validated in the absence of experimental data by explicit small-scale simulations that fully resolve rock grains. This presentation will discuss how high-fidelity simulations can be used to inform Weibull models of thermal spallation, and what these simulations reveal about the processes driving spallation at the grain-scale - in particular, the role that inter-grain boundaries and micro-pores play in the

  13. Advanced Rock Drilling Technologies Using High Laser Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckstegge, Frederik; Michel, Theresa; Zimmermann, Maik; Roth, Stephan; Schmidt, Michael

    Drilling through hard rock formations causes high mechanical wear and most often environmental disturbance. For the realization of an Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage (AA-CAES) power plant a new and efficient method for tunneling utilising laser technology to support mechanical ablation of rock formations will be developed. Laser irradiation of inhomogeneous rock surfaces causes irregular thermal expansion leading to the formation of cracks and splintering as well as melting and slag-formation. This study focuses on the interaction of laser irradiation with calcite, porphyrite and siderite rock formations. A high power disc laser system at 1030nm wavelength is used to investigate the specific energy necessary to remove a unit volume depending on interaction times and applied power. Specific energies have been measured and an increase of fragility and brittleness of the rock surface has been observed.

  14. National advanced drilling and excavation technologies program: Summary of third meeting of interested Federal agencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1993-12-07

    The purpose of the meeting was: (1) to discuss a proposal by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) outlining a National Advanced Drilling and Excavation Technologies Program, (2) to brief participants on events since the last meeting, and (3) to hear about drilling research activities funded by the Department of Energy. The meeting agenda is included as Attachment B.

  15. Horizontal Directional Drilling-Length Detection Technology While Drilling Based on Bi-Electro-Magnetic Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudan Wang

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The drilling length is an important parameter in the process of horizontal directional drilling (HDD exploration and recovery, but there has been a lack of accurate, automatically obtained statistics regarding this parameter. Herein, a technique for real-time HDD length detection and a management system based on the electromagnetic detection method with a microprocessor and two magnetoresistive sensors employing the software LabVIEW are proposed. The basic principle is to detect the change in the magnetic-field strength near a current coil while the drill stem and drill-stem joint successively pass through the current coil forward or backward. The detection system consists of a hardware subsystem and a software subsystem. The hardware subsystem employs a single-chip microprocessor as the main controller. A current coil is installed in front of the clamping unit, and two magneto resistive sensors are installed on the sides of the coil symmetrically and perpendicular to the direction of movement of the drill pipe. Their responses are used to judge whether the drill-stem joint is passing through the clamping unit; then, the order of their responses is used to judge the movement direction. The software subsystem is composed of a visual software running on the host computer and a software running in the slave microprocessor. The host-computer software processes, displays, and saves the drilling-length data, whereas the slave microprocessor software operates the hardware system. A combined test demonstrated the feasibility of the entire drilling-length detection system.

  16. Drilling fluid technologies : what goes in must come out

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polczer, S.

    1998-03-01

    The treatment of drilling wastes contaminated with invert drilling muds was discussed. The tight emulsion properties which make invert drilling muds useful are the same properties that make their disposal so difficult. Potential long-term liability associated with inverts is another reason for reluctance to use these products. Inverts are toxic and highly mobile in the environment, and must therefore be handled with care. Often the costs associated with their disposal are greater than their potential benefits. Petro-Canada Lubricants has formulated a new, non-diesel based product called Drill Mud Oil HT40N which completely eliminates toxic aromatic molecules. It is composed of 98 per cent plus of cyclic and branched isoparaffins with an average carbon number of C16. The level of polynuclear aromatics is reduced to parts per billion levels. Drill Mud Oil HT40N was being used at Hibernia until an even newer product, IPAR3 synthetic drill mud oil, was developed exclusively for offshore use. Drill Mud Oil HT40N is less prone to flash fires, is odourless and is more likely to be used in places such as the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. Drill Mud Oil HT40N works almost exactly the same as a diesel-based drill mud oil but has many advantages in terms of safety and ease of disposal, particularly in landfarming operations. Drill Mud Oil HT40N does not irritate the skin or release toxic fumes. The cost of Drill Mud Oil HT40N is higher than conventional diesel-based drilling muds. 2 figs.

  17. Technology of preventing drilling hole collapse in soft coal seam by inserting casing in drill pipe%钻杆内下套管防治软煤层钻孔塌孔技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李定启; 邓广涛; 李海贵; 王明中

    2015-01-01

    In order to prevent collapse and block of drilling hole in short time when conducting gas extraction in soft coal seam, and improve the gas drainage efficiency of drilling, the equipments and methods of inserting casing in drill pipe for soft coal seam were analyzed and studied.By comparing and analyzing the experimental results in soft coal seam with conventional technology of casing running, original technology of inserting casing in drill pipe and improved technology of inserting casing in drill pipe, it showed that:the length of inserting casing by the improved technology is much greater than that by conventional technology, and the design of drill bit and drilling rob on e-quipment of inserting casing in drill pipe have a greater influence on the drilling and length of inserting casing.In the design, the diameter of drilling bit should be moderate and the smooth joint connection should be adopted on drilling rob.The gas drainage capacity of drilling per hundred meters by this technology is much greater than that by ordinary technology.%为了防止软煤层钻孔在瓦斯抽采过程中短时间内塌孔堵死,提高钻孔瓦斯抽放效率,对软煤层钻孔钻杆内下套管设备和工艺方法进行了分析和研究。通过对比分析常规下套管方式、原有钻杆内下套管方式和改进后钻杆内下套管方式的在软煤层试验,得出以下结论:采用钻杆内下套管设备下套管的长度远大于采用常规钻进方式下套管的长度;钻杆内下套管设备的钻头和钻杆设计对钻进和下套管长度影响较大,设计时钻头直径大小应适中,钻杆应尽量采取内平丝扣连接;采用钻杆内下套管方式的百米钻孔瓦斯抽放量要远大于普通钻进下套管钻孔的百米钻孔瓦斯抽放量。

  18. Scientific Bases of Innovation Technology of Drill-Hole Equipment by Cryogenic-Gravel Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Коzhevnikov, А.А.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing technologies of cryogenic-gravel filter element and equipment of drill-hole water receiving part by a cryogenic-gravel filter are described. Compoundings of mineral binder and cryogenically-gravel composition are substantiated. Patterns of physical fields influence on the change of their properties and technological operations of equipping drill-hole water receiving part on changes of physical, mechanical, thermal and technological properties of experimental cryogenic gravel filter element are established. Parameters of delivery technology of cryogenicgravel filter to drill-hole water receiving part are theoretically and experimentally worked out.

  19. Blind drilling becoming an accepted technology for ventilation shafts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maloney, W.J. (North American Drillers Inc., Morgantown, WV (United States))

    1993-11-01

    Blind drilled shafts are becoming increasingly popular as a secondary and sometimes primary means of ventilation. This is particularly true in the Appalachian coalfields. This article describes the equipment that has been developed for drilling these shafts and methods of shaft construction. Ventilation applications of blind shafts and the effect of lining systems on air flow are discussed. 3 figs., 2 tabs., 1 photos.

  20. Crosswell Imaging Technology & Advanced DSR Navigation for Horizontal Directional Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larry Stolarczyk

    2008-08-08

    The objective of Phase II is to develop and demonstrate real-time measurement-while-drilling (MWD) for guidance and navigation of drill strings during horizontal drilling operations applicable to both short and long holes. The end product of Phase II is a functional drill-string assembly outfitted with a commercial version of Drill String Radar (DSR). Project Objectives Develop and demonstrate a dual-phase methodology of in-seam drilling, imaging, and structure confirmation. This methodology, illustrated in Figure 1, includes: (1) Using RIM to image between drill holes for seam thickness estimates and in-seam structures detection. Completed, February 2005; and (2) Using DSR for real-time MWD guidance and navigation of drillstrings during horizontal drilling operations. Completed, November 2008. As of November 2008, the Phase II portion of Contract DE-FC26-04NT42085 is about 99% complete, including milestones and tasks original outlined as Phase II work. The one percent deficiency results from MSHA-related approvals which have yet to be granted (at the time of reporting). These approvals are pending and are do not negatively impact the scope of work or project objectives.

  1. Tesco Rotary Steerable Casing Drilling Technology%Tesco旋转导向套管钻井技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兰江; 张明杰; 梁玉斌; 谢新华; 夏竹君; 张国超

    2016-01-01

    为了使旋转导向套管钻井技术在我国的石油钻井行业中得到应用,介绍了Tesco公司旋转导向套管钻井技术特点,从井下和地面配套设备2方面介绍了旋转导向套管钻井系统的构成,并与常规定向钻具可回收式套管钻井系统进行了对比,同时分析了不适用旋转导向套管钻井技术的情况,借助马来西亚国家石油公司3口批钻井对旋转导向套管钻井技术进行了现场应用.应用结果表明,旋转导向套管钻井技术缩短了总的钻井周期,套管钻井省去了起钻、 通井、 循环和下套管的时间;具备常规旋转导向钻井的优势,降低了滑动钻进的事故发生率,所钻井眼轨迹平滑,并且提高了钻井机械钻速.建议我国加快技术研发,使旋转导向套管钻井技术在我国的海洋钻井中发挥出巨大优势.%The features of Tesco' s rotary steerable casing drilling technology have been introduced, and de-tails have been focused on the technology' s downhole and surface equipment. Comparison with conventional retriev-able directional casing drilling system has been conducted. Conditions that do not suitable for rotary steerable casing drilling technology have been analyzed. Field applications have been conducted in Petronas three wells. Application results show that the rotary steerable casing drilling technology has shortened the overall drilling time by eliminating the time for tripping out, wiper trip, circulation and casing running. The technology has the advantage of conven-tional rotary steerable drilling with reduced accident rate of sliding drilling, smooth wellbore trajectory, and im-proved ROP. Recommendation has been proposed to accelerate the technology development for providing the advan-tage of rotary steerable casing drilling technology in offshore drilling in China.

  2. Self drilling rock bolt technology - development of self drilling rock bolt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peter Gray [Ground Support Services (Australia)

    2007-06-15

    A new Self Drilling Rock Bolt (SDRB) system has been developed which uses a pumpable resin system for full column resin encapsulation for immediate roof and rib support. A new drilling and injection system has also been developed to enable fast and efficient bolt installation. This new SDRB provides higher tensile strength than conventional solid bolts, and also provides a load transfer capacity that is almost double that of conventional bolts. This new SDRB uses low viscosity pumpable resin to ensure full encapsulation right down to the collar.

  3. Rotary ultrasonic bone drilling: Improved pullout strength and reduced damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Vishal; Pandey, Pulak M; Silberschmidt, Vadim V

    2017-03-01

    Bone drilling is one of the most common operations used to repair fractured parts of bones. During a bone drilling process, microcracks are generated on the inner surface of the drilled holes that can detrimentally affect osteosynthesis and healing. This study focuses on the investigation of microcracks and pullout strength of cortical-bone screws in drilled holes. It compares conventional surgical bone drilling (CSBD) with rotary ultrasonic bone drilling (RUBD), a novel approach employing ultrasonic vibration with a diamond-coated hollow tool. Both techniques were used to drill holes in porcine bones in an in-vitro study. Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe microcracks and surface morphology. The results obtained showed a significant decrease in the number and dimensions of microcracks generated on the inner surface of drilled holes with the RUBD process in comparison to CSBD. It was also observed that a higher rotational speed and a lower feed rate resulted in lower damage, i.e. fewer microcracks. Biomechanical axial pullout strength of a cortical bone screw inserted into a hole drilled with RUBD was found to be much higher (55-385%) than that for CSBD.

  4. Horizontal directional drilling: a green and sustainable technology for site remediation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubrecht, Michael D

    2012-03-06

    Sustainability has become an important factor in the selection of remedies to clean up contaminated sites. Horizontal directional drilling (HDD) is a relatively new drilling technology that has been successfully adapted to site remediation. In addition to the benefits that HDD provides for the logistics of site cleanup, it also delivers sustainability advantages, compared to alternative construction methods.

  5. Fatigue Life Improving of Drill Rod by Inclusion Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Linzhu; Yang, Shufeng; Li, Jingshe; Liu, Wei; Zhou, Yinghao

    2016-08-01

    Large and hard inclusions often deteriorate the service performance and reduce the fatigue lifetime of drill rods. In this paper, the main reasons of the rupture of drill rods were analyzed by the examination of their fracture and it is found that the large inclusions were the main reason of breakage of rod drill. The inclusions were high of Ca content or Al2O3 rich. Smaller and better deformability inclusions were obtained by the optimization of refining slag, calcium treatment process and the flow control devices of tundish. Results of industrial experiment after optimization show that total oxygen content of drill rods decreased by more than 50%, macro-inclusions weight fraction decreased from about 4 mg/10 kg to about 0.3 mg/10 kg and the micro-inclusions average size decreased from 6 to 3.6 μm. The average using times of drill rods after optimization were increased by about 60%.

  6. Session 17: Needs in Drilling Technology Research and Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carson, Charles C.

    1983-12-01

    This paper briefly discusses findings from a recent study of needs in drilling research and development that was conducted at Sandia National Laboratories for the Office of Energy Research of the Department of Energy. The purpose of the study was to identify areas in which research and development are necessary in order to meet future drilling requirements. The complete study will be documented in a soon-to-be-published final report.

  7. RESEARCH AND MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF DRILLING AND BLASTING TECHNOLOGY PENETRATIONS OF VERTICAL SHAFTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. I. Rubleva

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The model of destruction of rocks by explosion in vertical shafts is presented. On its basis the most important parameters of technical-and-economical indices of the drilling-and-blasting technology are calculated.

  8. Research Progress and Prospect on Laser Drilling Technology%激光钻井技术研究进展与展望∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世一; 韩彬; 李美艳; 王勇; 孙嘉楠

    2016-01-01

    采用传统旋转钻井技术钻井时钻具磨损严重,需经常更换钻头,钻井周期长,成本高。而激光钻井技术可大大提高钻井速度,缩短钻井周期。综述了国内外激光钻井技术在激光/岩石/流体相互作用原理和岩石快速相变的热力学与传热学2大基础学科中的研究成果。指出了激光钻井技术面临的诸多问题,深入分析了影响激光直接钻井破岩效率的因素。提出将激光钻井技术与机械旋转钻井技术相结合的激光辅助破岩技术,并阐述了激光辅助破岩技术的原理,为激光钻井技术的发展指明了研究方向。%The conventional rotary drilling usually leads to drilling tool wear, which results in frequent drill bit replacement, causing long drilling period and high cost. The laser drilling technology could greatly improve the drilling speed and shorten the drilling cycle. The domestic and international laser drilling technology research results in laser/rock/fluid interaction theory and thermodynamics and heat transfer on rock rapid phase transition have been reviewed. The issues faced by the laser drilling technology have been pointed out. In-depth analysis has been put on the factors affecting the direct laser drilling rock breaking efficiency. Laser assisted drilling technology com-bined laser drilling technology with mechanical rotating drilling technology has been proposed, and the principle of laser assisted rock breaking technology has been introduced, thus, providing the research direction of laser drilling techniques.

  9. Wanted: rotary drilling technology for in situ mining systems. [Suggestions for imaginative use of technology and equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laswell, G.W.

    1976-01-01

    It is pointed out that although available equipment and technology are not adequate for the varied requirements of the long-range in-situ recovery of our natural resources, effective programs can be accomplished now with innovative drill programs and equipment planning. The necessity of considering new and unusual techniques in order to ensure the success of an in-situ recovery program is emphasized. Three drilling concepts that are not being utilized but have in-situ applicability are discussed. They are underreaming, or chambering, dual-concentric drillpipe, and downhole tricone percussion. Various circulation media for use with in-situ drilling methods are discussed. (JGB)

  10. Improving recovery efficiency of water-drive channel sandstone reservoir by drilling wells laterally

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhiguo, F.; Quinglong, D.; Pingshi, Z.; Bingyu, J.; Weigang, L. [Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Daqing (China)

    1998-12-31

    Example of drilling a horizontal well in reservoir rock of only four meter thick by using existing casing pipe of low efficiency vertical wells to induce production in the top remaining reservoir is described. The experience shows that drilling horizontal wells laterally in thin bodies of sandstone reservoirs and improve their productivity is a feasible proposition. Productivity will still be low, but it can be improved by well stimulation. 3 refs., 3 figs.

  11. Improved Methods for Acoustic Transmission along the Drill String and Other Periodic Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Li; Tianhuai Ding

    2006-01-01

    Acoustic telemetry along the drill string helps to know the physical and chemical characteristics of the formation and drilling fluid. A time-domain algorithm is developed for the propagation of one-dimensional axial stress waves with the inner and outer viscous fluid. The algorithm simulates the passbands, stopbands and spikes due to the presence of the discontinuous boundaries of drill string. Then the effects of transmitted pulses and transceivers on acoustic transmission are analysed. The simulated results show that the raised cosine pulses and optimal placements of transceivers improve system performance. Moreover, dual PZT receivers can exclude signals propagating in a direction opposite to the transmitted signals.It is obvious that the uses of the available modeling and signal processing techniques can make the drill string as a waveguide for transmitting information at high data rates.

  12. Research and development of improved cavitating jets for deep-hole drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, V.E. Jr.; Lindenmuth, W.T.; Chahine, G.L.; Conn, A.F.; Frederick, G.S.

    1984-01-01

    Improved cavitating nozzles have been developed as part of an on-going program to increase the rate of penetration of deep-hole drill bits. Based on the four criteria of: incipient cavitation number, amplitude of pressure fluctuation (and hence enhanced structuring of the jet flow), rock cutting, and cleaning chips from the hole bottom - these new, STRATOJET (STRuctured Acoustically Tuned Oscillating JET) cavitating nozzle systems have out-performed both conventional drill bit nozzles and the basic CAVIJET cavitating jets. Although nozzle designs which provide large amplitude pressure modulations are now available for the operation in water, additional research is needed to optimize self-resonating jets for use: (a) in mud, (b) in specific drill bit designs, and (c) at higher system pressures than now currently used for deep-hole drilling.

  13. Laser Drilling Practical Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Yilbas, Bekir Sami

    2013-01-01

    This book introduces laser drilling processes including modelling, quality assessment of drilled holes, and laser drilling applications. It provides insights into the laser drilling process and the relation among the drilling parameters pertinent to improved end product quality. This book is written for engineers and scientists working on laser machining, particularly laser drilling.

  14. Applicability of petroleum horizontal drilling technology to hazardous waste site characterization and remediation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goranson, C.

    1992-09-01

    Horizontal wells have the potential to become an important tool for use in characterization, remediation and monitoring operations at hazardous waste disposal, chemical manufacturing, refining and other sites where subsurface pollution may develop from operations or spills. Subsurface pollution of groundwater aquifers can occur at these sites by leakage of surface disposal ponds, surface storage tanks, underground storage tanks (UST), subsurface pipelines or leakage from surface operations. Characterization and remediation of aquifers at or near these sites requires drilling operations that are typically shallow, less than 500-feet in depth. Due to the shallow nature of polluted aquifers, waste site subsurface geologic formations frequently consist of unconsolidated materials. Fractured, jointed and/or layered high compressive strength formations or compacted caliche type formations can also be encountered. Some formations are unsaturated and have pore spaces that are only partially filled with water. Completely saturated underpressured aquifers may be encountered in areas where the static ground water levels are well below the ground surface. Each of these subsurface conditions can complicate the drilling and completion of wells needed for monitoring, characterization and remediation activities. This report describes some of the equipment that is available from petroleum drilling operations that has direct application to groundwater characterization and remediation activities. A brief discussion of petroleum directional and horizontal well drilling methodologies is given to allow the reader to gain an understanding of the equipment needed to drill and complete horizontal wells. Equipment used in river crossing drilling technology is also discussed. The final portion of this report is a description of the drilling equipment available and how it can be applied to groundwater characterization and remediation activities.

  15. 35 years of drilling technology in the drivage of roadways and tunnels; 35 Jahre Bohrtechnik im Strecken- und Tunnelvortrieb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wennmohs, Karl-Heinz [Atlas Copco MCT GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    2011-03-15

    The period of 35 years in the development of drilling technology in roadway and tunnel drivage was characterised by the developments in hydraulic hammer drill technology. This is clearly illustrated by the comparison of the percussive power of 8 to 10 kW in the 1970's with 30 kW in 2011. This trend is also underlined by the increase in the gross drilling rates of the drilling jumbos. Further development has been virtually overlooked on the supported pneumatic hammer drills, which are still widely used all over the world. The hammer drills used 35 years ago are still being built with a virtually unchanged technology. However the hydraulic hammer drills and the carrier components will undergo further development. In the next few years the maximum percussive power will exceed a further threshold, which is currently 40 kW. The use of powerfull computer systems permits further increases in the automation, precision and speed also on drilling jumbos. This opens up new possibilities in the interlinking of drilling and blasting technology as a system module of conventional tunnel drivage. (orig.)

  16. Optimizing drilling performance using a selected drilling fluid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judzis, Arnis [Salt Lake City, UT; Black, Alan D [Coral Springs, FL; Green, Sidney J [Salt Lake City, UT; Robertson, Homer A [West Jordan, UT; Bland, Ronald G [Houston, TX; Curry, David Alexander [The Woodlands, TX; Ledgerwood, III, Leroy W.

    2011-04-19

    To improve drilling performance, a drilling fluid is selected based on one or more criteria and to have at least one target characteristic. Drilling equipment is used to drill a wellbore, and the selected drilling fluid is provided into the wellbore during drilling with the drilling equipment. The at least one target characteristic of the drilling fluid includes an ability of the drilling fluid to penetrate into formation cuttings during drilling to weaken the formation cuttings.

  17. Roughnecks, rock bits and rigs : the evolution of oil well drilling technology in Alberta, 1883-1970

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gow, A.

    2005-07-01

    This book provides a comprehensive review of the evolving technologies related to oil and gas exploration in the province of Alberta. Oil well drilling technology evolved significantly during the era of conventional oil exploration in the province, from 1883 through 1970. Technologies such as drill bits and power sources were developed largely through trial and error to meet the specific needs of individuals working in the oilfield. The competence and resolve to innovate by drill crews was told through accounts of evolution in drilling processes and equipment, along with personal accounts of those who worked on the rigs. The technology of the oilfield was placed into context with a summary of the history and geology of oil and gas in Alberta. The book also presents a considerate view of events in relation to those who invested in the industry, carried out research drilling and serviced the exploration industry. The first part of the book provides the background to the oil and gas industry. Part 2 examines the earliest technology, the standard cable tool drilling rig, the combination rig and some associated developments in drilling. The third part focuses on the rotary drilling rig and the final part outlines the types of challenges faced by the drillers and the hazards of working on Alberta's rigs. refs., tabs., figs.

  18. NEW APPROACHES TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINING TECHNOLOGY OF DIMENSION STONE USING A CLOSE-SET DRILLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Kalchuk

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the current state the non-blasting monolith extraction technology was conducted. The further research direction was substantiated. Has been considered and justified the rational parameters of close-set drilling technology of dimension stones. Solution is offered that consist the combined drilling (a close-set and a holes line drilling, that provides to increase of stone splitting efficiency under its own weight. The calculation of the parameters of the scheme of partial underdrilling at a monolith of stone with the purpose of reducing the volume of drilling works is given. Diagrams of tensile stress changes depending on the specific area of splitting were built. A rational correlation between the drilling parameters of the holes has been established by solving the problems of loading the cantilever beam and stress concentration by the Kirsch solution. The most important parameter for the implementation of this technology is the ratio of monoloth hight to its length. Engineering formulas are proposed for calculating the technological parameters of the realization of the “gravitational-hole” stone splitting. The configuration of a rough block of stones is determined under which this technology can be realized. Creating of close-set holes provides the increase of maximal tensile stress with equal values of specific splitting area ratio. It is established that the effective drilling depth of close-set holes is 43,2 % of monolith height. It is estimated that combined drilling method application of savings from drilling operation will be 11,36 %.

  19. Seismic Prediction While Drilling (SPWD: Looking Ahead of the Drill Bit by Application of Phased Array Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Groh

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Geophysical exploration is indispensable for planning deep drilling. Usually 2D- or 3D-seismics investigations are applied and, depending on the resulting geologic model for the underground, the drill site and drilling path are determined. In recent years the focus of exploration has shifted towards small-scale geological structures such as local layers and faults. Depending on the source frequencies and the target depth, 2D- or 3D-seismics from surface cannot always resolve such structures in particular at larger depths. In general, signal frequencies of about 30–70 Hz are typical for surface seismic methods. The deeper and smaller the sought-after structures are, the worse will be the resolution. Therefore, borehole seismic measurements like Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP or Seismic While Drilling (SWD have been developed (Fig. 1. For the VSP method geophones are normally integrated in the borehole, while the seismicsource generates seismic waves at the surface. The SWD method uses the drill bit as the seismic source. Hence, the quality of the seismic signals is highly dependent on the drilled rock and the type of drill bit, but even well-suited rock conditions and adequate drilling may not provide sufficient data quality.

  20. Annual Report: Support Research for Development of Improved Geothermal Drill Bits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendrickson, R.R.; Winzenried, R.W.; Jones, A.H.; Green, S.J.

    1978-07-01

    The work reported herein is a continuation of the program initiated under DOE contract E(10-1)-1546* entitled "Program to Design and Experimentally Test an Improved Geothermal Bit"; the program is now DOE Contract EG-76-C-1546*. The objective of the program has been to accelerate the commercial availability of a tolling cutter drill bit for geothermal applications. Data and experimental tests needed to develop a bit suited to the harsh thermal, abrasive, and chemical environment of the more problematic geothermal wells, including those drilled with air, have been obtained. Efforts were directed at the improvement of both the sealed (lubricated) and unsealed types of bits. The unsealed bit effort included determination of the rationale for materials selection, the selection of steels for the bit body, cutters, and bearings, the selection of tungsten carbide alloys for the friction bearing, and preliminary investigation of optimized tungsten carbide drilling inserts. Bits build** with the new materials were tested under stimulated wellbore conditions. The sealed bit effort provided for the evaluation of candidate high temperature seals and lubricants, utilizing two specially developed test apparatus which simulate the conditions found in a sealed bit operating in a geothermal wellbore. Phase I of the program was devoted largely to (1) the study of the geothermal environment and the failure mechanisms of existing geothermal drill bits, (2) the design and construction of separate facilities for testing both drill-bit seals and full-scale drill bits under simulated geothermal drilling conditions, and (3) fabrication of the MK-I research drill bits from high-temperature steels, and testing in the geothermal drill-bit test facility. The work accomplished in Phase I is reported in References 1 through 9. In Phase II, the first generation experimental bits were tested in the geothermal drill-bit test facility. Test results indicated that hardness retention at temperature

  1. Blowout win : advances in BOP technology cut waste and make work safer for drilling crews

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budd, G.

    2008-03-15

    With the advent of programmable logic controllers (PLCs), there has been significant improvement in the way that blowout prevention (BOP) equipment can be controlled and operated. The accumulator, which provides the energy to operate the BOP, usually includes compressed gas bottles, regulator valves, pumps, a hydraulic reservoir, a manifold, and control valves. PLCs have made the accumulator easier to operate since they have eliminated much of the cable that spans from the control panel to the rig control shack. The control unit currently consists of some computer chips and a printed circuit instead of miles of wires and cables. In addition to providing efficient BOP control, PLCs have enabled rig managers to readily identify and fix problems. Some manufacturers have included remote troubleshooting capability for the accumulator. Advances in BOP technology and controls have been driven by the challenges of drilling in harsh offshore environments. However, some operators in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin continue to use BOP systems that have been around for decades because of their reputation for reliability and low-maintenance requirements. 1 fig.

  2. Improvement of aluminum drilling efficiency and precision by shaped femtosecond laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Ying; Qi, Hongxia; Chen, Anmin; Hu, Zhan

    2014-10-01

    Shaped femtosecond laser pulses with the plain phase (transform-limited pulse) and sine phase (A = 1.2566, T = 30, T = 10, and T = 5) were used to drill Al sheet in vacuum. Using different phase, the number of pulses required to drill through the sheet was different. With lower laser pulse energy, the ablation rate was the highest when plain phase (corresponding to transform limited pulse) was used. With higher laser energy, the optimized ablation rate can be achieved by increasing the time separation between the subpulses of pulse train produced from the sine phase function. And, with the shaped femtosecond laser, the diameter of ablation holes produced was smaller, the ablation precision was also improved. The results showed that shaped femtosecond laser pulse has great advantages in the context of femtosecond laser drilling.

  3. Remote access directional drilling : an innovative technological advancement in directional drilling based on a collaborative and strategic R and D effort

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buker, M. [Phoenix Income Trust, Toronto, ON (Canada); Gillett, G. [EnCana Oil and Gas Partnership, Bonnyville, AB (Canada)

    2008-07-01

    EnCana and Phoenix Income Trust identified an opportunity to develop a system that could reduce directional personnel in the field because of numerous rigs that were in close proximity to each other and the repetitive nature of well profiles. Directional personnel also had familiarity with drilling programs. This presentation discussed an innovative technological advancement in directional drilling based on a collaborative and strategic research and development effort between EnCana and Phoenix Income Trust called remote access directional drilling (RADD). The RADD system and process were presented in detail. Challenges that were addressed included the development of a system that could provide all the necessary drilling information remotely; establishing effective communication between the command center and rig; and training of Phoenix and EnCana personnel. The presentation also reviewed equipment solutions and re-defining job roles. A total of 265 wells have been drilled with this system at a cost savings of $350,000 and a savings of 12-15 per cent of total directional costs. It was concluded that fewer wellsite trailers are needed when field personnel is reduced, resulting in reduced cost and reduced safety liability. 2 figs.

  4. Improved hyperspectral imaging technologies Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Improved hyperspectral imaging technologies could enable lower-cost analysis for planetary science including atmospheric studies, mineralogical investigations, and...

  5. DALI - drilling advisor with logic interpretations: methodological issues for designing underbalanced drilling operations. Improving efficiency using case-based reasonic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santana, Gustavo A.; Velazquez C, David [Mexican Oil Institute, Mexico DF (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    A system that applies a method of knowledge-intensive case-based reasoning, for repair and prevention of unwanted events in the domain of offshore oil well drilling, has been developed in cooperation with an oil company. From several reoccurring problems during oil well drilling the problem of 'lost circulation', i.e. loss of circulating drilling fluid into the geological formation, was picked out as a pilot problem. An extensive general knowledge model was developed for the domain of oil well drilling. Different cases were created on the basis of information from one Mexican Gulf operator. When the completed CBR-system was tested against a new case, cases with descending similarity were selected by the tool. In an informal evaluation, the two best fitting cases proved to give the operator valuable advise on how to go about solving the new case (author)

  6. 表层套管钻井技术在红山嘴油田的应用%Application of surface casing drilling technology in Hongshanzui Oilifeld

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李刚; 艾尼瓦尔; 雷宇; 刘凯; 梁跃林; 热苏力

    2014-01-01

    In order to reduce drilling cost, reduce downhole accidents and realize economic and effective development of oil/gas re-serves, experimental research was conducted on surface casing drilling technology in Karamay Oilifeld. In line with the geologic features of the oilifeld and self development of process and tool equipment, research was conducted on casing drilling technology and auxiliary drilling tool techniques. The casing hanger and reamer while drilling were developed and were tested in four wells in Hongshanzui Oilifeld in Junggar Basin in Xinjiang, which was very successful. The average penetration rate was increased by 92.2%compared with conventional drilling, which proves that casing drilling technology, after being improved, and achieved the goals of reducing drilling cost and improve economic beneifts. So the technology has a broad development prospect.%为了降低钻井成本、减少井下事故,实现油气储量经济有效的开采,克拉玛依油田开展了表层套管钻井技术的试验研究,针对油田地质特点,立足于工艺及工具设备的自主研发,进行了套管钻井工艺及工具配套技术的研究,研制出套管悬挂器及随钻扩眼器,并在新疆准噶尔盆地红山嘴油田进行了4口井的现场试验,取得了较好的效果,平均机械钻速相对于常规钻井提高了92.2%。证明套管钻井技术经过完善后,可望达到降低钻井成本、提高效益的目的,具有广阔的发展前景。

  7. Micro Cutting Tools and Micro Drilling Technology%微细刀具与微钻削关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秋玥; 贾晓鸣; 张好强

    2014-01-01

    微小孔加工在小型化、集成化的制造领域得到越来越广泛的应用,人们对微小孔加工尤其是微钻削加工技术的研究逐步深入。对微钻削加工技术及微细刀具进行了综合的介绍,分别从微细钻削刀具、微钻削理论、切屑分析、刀具磨损等方面进行了论述,提出微钻削与常规尺度钻削的差异,并对微钻削技术的发展前景进行展望。%The machining of micro holes is widely used in miniature and integrated manufacturing fields. The machi-ning technology of micro holes especially micro drilling was studied deeply. The technology of micro drilling and mi-cro cutting tools is introduced. The micro drilling tool,micro drilling theory,chip analysis and tool wear,etc is dis-cussed respectively. The difference between micro drilling and conventional drilling is put forward. The development of micro drilling technology is prospected.

  8. Mud Slurry Reinforced Drilling Borehole Technology in Horizontal Directional Drilling%浅析水平定向钻泥浆固孔技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马吉昌

    2011-01-01

    定向钻穿越过程中的泥浆功用主要是悬浮和携带泥(岩)屑、润滑和冷却钻具、稳定孔壁、软化和辅助破碎岩土、传递动力.该文主要介绍了定向钻穿越工程中采用相应有效的泥浆固孔技术,成功在长江三角洲冲积平原类地层中,克服了结构松散,吸水较强,定向钻穿越时易冒浆,穿越管径大,扩孔级数较多,对地层的冲击扰动较大,增加了塌孔的可能性等不利因素,顺利完成了穿越任务.%The main functions of mud slurry during directional drilling are suspending and carrying mud (rock) slack, lubricating and cooling drilling, stabilizing borehole wall, softening and crushing rock indirectly,and passing power as well. Since Shenjiadai is in the Yangtze river delta alluvial plain with loose geological structure which is easy to absorb water,and leak mud out during directional drilling crossing, and also the larger the pipe diameter, the more times reaming, make more impacts to the stratum, so the possibility of borehole collapse increases etc. All the unfavorable factors have been overcame in the course of operation , the directional drilling crossing project is successfully finished. The mud slurry reinforced drilling borehole technology is introduced in directional drilling project in the paper.

  9. Can fiber laser improve high speed multi-pulse drilling of aeronautic alloy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, M.; Loumena, C.; Bussière, A.; Kling, R.; Delor, C.; Freysz, E.

    2016-03-01

    Processing of helicopter engines faster, better and more reliably is the triptych which binds LOMA, ALPhANOV and TURBOMECA. In current production machines, flash lamp pumped lasers are employed to drill thousands of cooling holes with specific geometries and diameters to ensure a homogeneous air flow over the surface. However we aim to enhance the production process. Therefore, the three partners started an initiative to identify and overcome the shortcomings of the current process, where the laser source is a key element for improvement. In this paper, we report on the latest developments in multi-pulse drilling using an IPG fiber laser. The latter delivers, at a tunable repetition rate (from single shot up to 2 kHz), laser pulses whose width and peak power are adjustable in between 0.2 - 10 ms and 0 - 12 kW respectively. We have focused our work on drilling of thick sheets of metal alloys with different geometries and different processing strategies. We will show that using such laser system it is possible to decrease the processing time while limiting the heat affected zones and collateral effects. Finally, the impact of the different physical processes in play during the drilling on the geometry of the holes will be discussed.

  10. The subsurface geology of Río Tinto: material examined during a simulated Mars drilling mission for the Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto-Ballesteros, Olga; Martínez-Frías, Jesús; Schutt, John; Sutter, Brad; Heldmann, Jennifer L; Bell, Mary Sue; Battler, Melissa; Cannon, Howard; Gómez-Elvira, Javier; Stoker, Carol R

    2008-10-01

    The 2005 Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE) project conducted a simulated 1-month Mars drilling mission in the Río Tinto district, Spain. Dry robotic drilling, core sampling, and biological and geological analytical technologies were collectively tested for the first time for potential use on Mars. Drilling and subsurface sampling and analytical technologies are being explored for Mars because the subsurface is the most likely place to find life on Mars. The objectives of this work are to describe drilling, sampling, and analytical procedures; present the geological analysis of core and borehole material; and examine lessons learned from the drilling simulation. Drilling occurred at an undisclosed location, causing the science team to rely only on mission data for geological and biological interpretations. Core and borehole imaging was used for micromorphological analysis of rock, targeting rock for biological analysis, and making decisions regarding the next day's drilling operations. Drilling reached 606 cm depth into poorly consolidated gossan that allowed only 35% of core recovery and contributed to borehole wall failure during drilling. Core material containing any indication of biology was sampled and analyzed in more detail for its confirmation. Despite the poorly consolidated nature of the subsurface gossan, dry drilling was able to retrieve useful core material for geological and biological analysis. Lessons learned from this drilling simulation can guide the development of dry drilling and subsurface geological and biological analytical technologies for future Mars drilling missions.

  11. 淮南矿区抽采瓦斯地面钻井施工关键技术应用%Key Technologies of Ground Drilling Construction for Gas Extraction in Huainan Mining Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    种衍飞; 温丙初; 刘恒; 刘柱

    2013-01-01

    针对淮南矿区煤矿瓦斯抽采地面钻井施工,对常规钻进垂直成井与完井工艺的施工设备、钻井方案、下管与固井、垂钻技术、钻井结构进行优化选择,采用国产PDC掏穴钻头与长井段掏穴钻进技术,提高地面钻井稳定性和瓦斯抽采效率。结合生产实际,阐述了此种组合钻进成井工艺技术的特点。%In the ground drilling construction for gas extraction in Huainan mining area, optional selection was made on construction equipment, drilling program, pipe lowering and cementing, vertical drilling technology and drilling well struc-ture for conventional vertical well drilling and completion technology.China-made PDC digging bit and long well segment digging bit technologies are used to improve ground drilling stability and the gas extraction efficiency.By the production practice, the paper describes the characteristics of this combined well drilling and completion technology.

  12. Case study : drilling horizontal exploration shale gas wells efficiently by collaboration of subsurface and drilling teams utilizing geosciences technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Islam, N. [Talisman Energy Inc., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    Geosciences modelling and seismic interpretation methods were used to determine shear failure and pore pressure predictions from offset wells and seismic interval velocities. The aim of the study was to predict a safe range of mud weights for minimizing the horizontal stresses associated with drilling shale gas exploratory wells. The customized tool computed pore pressure, shear failure, fracture gradient and overburden gradients which were then calibrated with drilling data obtained from leak offset tests, formation integrity tests, and various other drilling parameters. Gamma rays were imported into the tool's dataset and a shale base line was selected based on the lithology and volume of shale. The shale base line was then transformed into a compaction trend line. Bower's sonic, Miller's sonic, and semi-log resistivity equations were used to predict normal compaction trend lines (NCTLs). The shear failure gradient was calculated and rock strength parameters were determined by characterizing the friction angle and cohesive strength of the formations. Case studies of wells drilled by Talisman were presented to validate the methods. 11 refs., 3 tabs., 15 figs.

  13. Improvement of Drill Performance in Metal Cutting Using MoST Solid Lubricant Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N.R. Thomas; D.G. Teer; S. Yang; S. Hickman

    2004-01-01

    Coated tools are widely used in today's metal cutting industries and have significantly improved machining productivity through reducing operation costs and time. This paper presents the results of a systematic study of the performance of HSS drills coated with CrTiAlN and drills with a top solid lubricant coating of MoSTTM. The tests were performed on a Haas vertical machining centre under wet and dry cutting conditions to machine through holes in medium carbon steel workpieces. The feed force and torque were recorded throughout some of the tests using a force dynamometer,while the tool wear was monitored and measured. It was found that MoSTTM coatings even under accelerated conditions improve the tool life significantly based on their unique properties and very low friction.

  14. IMPROVED ROOF STABILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

    1999-01-01

    Many U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) remediation sites have performed roof repair and roof replacement to stabilize facilities prior to performing deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) activities. This project will review the decision criteria used by these DOE sites, along with the type of repair system used for each different roof type. Based on this information, along with that compiled from roofing experts, a decision-making tool will be generated to aid in selecting the proper roof repair systems. Where appropriate, innovative technologies will be reviewed and applied to the decision-making tool to determine their applicability. Based on the results, applied research and development will be conducted to develop a method to repair these existing roofing systems, while providing protection for the D and D worker in a cost-efficient manner.

  15. Drilling Systems for Extraterrestrial Subsurface Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacny, K.; Bar-Cohen, Y.; Brennan, M.; Briggs, G.; Cooper, G.; Davis, K.; Dolgin, B.; Glaser, D.; Glass, B.; Gorevan, S.; Guerrero, J.; McKay, C.; Paulsen, G.; Stanley, S.; Stoker, C.

    2008-06-01

    Drilling consists of 2 processes: breaking the formation with a bit and removing the drilled cuttings. In rotary drilling, rotational speed and weight on bit are used to control drilling, and the optimization of these parameters can markedly improve drilling performance. Although fluids are used for cuttings removal in terrestrial drilling, most planetary drilling systems conduct dry drilling with an auger. Chip removal via water-ice sublimation (when excavating water-ice bound formations at pressure below the triple point of water) and pneumatic systems are also possible. Pneumatic systems use the gas or vaporization products of a high-density liquid brought from Earth, gas provided by an in situ compressor, or combustion products of a monopropellant. Drill bits can be divided into coring bits, which excavate an annular shaped hole, and full-faced bits. While cylindrical cores are generally superior as scientific samples, and coring drills have better performance characteristics, full-faced bits are simpler systems because the handling of a core requires a very complex robotic mechanism. The greatest constraints to extraterrestrial drilling are (1) the extreme environmental conditions, such as temperature, dust, and pressure; (2) the light-time communications delay, which necessitates highly autonomous systems; and (3) the mission and science constraints, such as mass and power budgets and the types of drilled samples needed for scientific analysis. A classification scheme based on drilling depth is proposed. Each of the 4 depth categories (surface drills, 1-meter class drills, 10-meter class drills, and deep drills) has distinct technological profiles and scientific ramifications.

  16. Discussion on new Technology of Oil Drilling Rig%石油钻机新技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋云; 刘文兵

    2015-01-01

    分析了石油勘探开发和工程技术的新发展,特别是针对三大钻机技术(水平井钻井技术、欠平衡钻井技术、深井钻井技术),应运而生的新型石油钻井装备。还阐述了与之相关的新型石油钻井装备,如液压钻机、四象限运行的交流变频电驱钻机、模块钻机、快移快装钻机、钻机智能化、钻机顶驱装置等。%Analysis of the new development of petroleum exploration and development and engineering technology, especial⁃ly for the technology of three type rig technology (horizontal well, less balance well ,deep well drilling), model of petroleum drill⁃ing equipment emerge as the times require. Also elaborated the new oil drilling equipment and related, such as the AC frequency conversion rig, hydraulic drilling rig, four quadrant drive rig, modular drilling rig, quickly moving fast drilling rig, drill rig top drive device of intelligent, etc..

  17. Improving Technology and Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tech Directions, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Improving Technology and Engineering Education for All Students: A Plan of Action is the theme of this year's International Technology and Engineering Educators Association (ITEEA) annual conference, which meets March 7-9 in Columbus, OH. The theme is aligned with ITEEA's 2012-15 Strategic Plan: Investing in People as Educational Change Agents.…

  18. Improvement of Drill Performance in Metal Cutting Using MoST Solid Lubricant Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N.R.Thomas; D.G.Teer; S.Yang; S,Hickman

    2004-01-01

    Coated tools are widely used in today's metal cutting industries and have significantly improved machining productivity through reducing operation costs and "time. This paper presents the results of a systematic study of the performance of HSS drills coated with CrTiAlN and drills with a top solid lubricant coating of MoSTTM. The tests were performed on a Haas vertical machining centre under wet and dry cutting conditions to machine through holes in medium carbon steel workpieces. The feed force and torque were recorded throughout some of the tests using a force dynamometer, while the tool wear was monitored and measured. It was found that MoSTTM coatings even under accelerated conditionsimprove the tool life significantly based on their unique properties and very low friction.

  19. 加拿大非常规油气田优快钻井技术%Optimized fast drilling technology for unconventional oil/gas ifeld in Canada

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯立中; 郑德帅; 吴俊霞

    2014-01-01

    Due to high cost of unconventional oil/gas ifelds development like tight gas, it is in urgent need to study optimized fast drilling in order to reduce drilling costs. The development of unconventional oil and gas needs to place long horizontal sectionin in the reservoir. In view of the technical challenges like dififculty in control of wellbore trajectory in long horizontal section and low penetra-tion rate, the mechanical properties of bottomhole assembly was analyzed and optimized through computation, and the compound drill-ing rate in the horizontal section was improved, all of which reduced the number of trips in combination with bit selection. The drillstring oscillator was used to improve wob transferring efifciency;oil-based drilling lfuid was specially prepared for horizontal section, which greatly reduced the friction factor and effectively inhibited wellbore instability. The application of optimized fast drilling technology in Daylight Unconventional Oil/Gas Field (Canada) shows that this technology signiifcantly reduces drilling period and drilling costs, and provides useful reference for high-efifcient development of domestic unconventional oil/gas ifelds.%由于致密气等非常规油气田开发成本高,迫切需要进行优快钻井研究降低钻井成本。非常规油气开发需要在储层内布置长水平井段,针对长水平井段井眼轨迹控制困难、机械钻速低的技术难题,通过计算,分析了底部钻具组合力学特性,优化了底部钻具组合,提高水平段复合钻进比例,配合钻头选型,减少了起下钻次数;采用钻柱振荡器提高钻压传递效率,针对水平井段优化配置油基钻井液体系,大幅度降低了摩擦因数,又抑制了井壁失稳。加拿大daylight非常规油气田应用结果表明,应用优快钻井技术大幅度降低了钻井周期和成本,为国内非常规油气田高效开发提供了借鉴。

  20. Development and Applications of the Solid Emulsifier Used to Improve the Performance of Oil-in-water Drilling Fluids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YanJienian; WangFuhua

    2004-01-01

    The oil-in-water emulsion drilling fluids, prepared by adding 5-12% (by volume) of mineral oil (or diesel) to water-based muds, have been widely used for stuck-pipe prevention in the Shengli Oilfield. In some cases, the emulsion stability of this kind of mud system is not strong enough to meet the requirements of drilling operations. To overcome this drawback, a solid emulsifer, which is characterized by its very small particle size and special wetting behavior (slightly water-wet), has been developed and successfully applied to improve the emulsion stability and other performances of these drilling fluids. Prior to the development of this technology, an extensive study was conducted to deal with the influence of various kinds of finely divided insoluble solid particles on oil/water emulsification. The substances used include bentonite, organophilic clay, kaolinite, barite, two kinds of calcium carbonate with different particle sizes, two kinds of silica with different wetting behaviors, and a newly developed solid emulsifier. Both the emulsion stability experiments and the drop coalescence experiments are performed to evaluate the contribution of these particles to emulsification. The measured final emulsion volume disappears after 12 hours and the half-life for water and oil drops are used as the measures of emulsion stability. The experimental data show that the type, size, concentration and wettability of the particles, and the presence of some surfactants control the type and stability of emulsions for a given oil/water system, and the fine particles of the solids emulsifier provide the most effective stabilization for water-continuous emulsions compared with other kinds of particles. Meanwhile, it can be observed that these particles also stabilize oil-continuous emulsions effectively in some cases since their wetting behavior is close to neutral. The O/W emulsion mud stabilized by the newly developed solid emulsifier has become one of the major mud systems

  1. Important innovations in conventional drivage technology by a new generation of drilling jumbos; Massgebende Innovationen in der konventionellen Vortriebstechnologie durch eine neue Bohrwagengeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wennmohs, Karl-Heinz [Atlas Copco MCT GmbH, Essen (Germany). Global Strategic Customers

    2009-01-29

    Important innovations in the development of the new generation of drilling jumbos led to an increase in the performance of conventional drivage technology, which had previously not been considered possible. An important factor in addition to the high drilling rate is the greater precision of the kinematics. This permits important cost savings on concrete and re-profiling. At the same time customer requirements such as the pre-drilling technology, recording of drilling parameters, profile monitoring and communication engineering were implemented in this new generation of drilling jumbos. (orig.)

  2. New optimized drill pipe size for deep-water, extended reach and ultra-deep drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jellison, Michael J.; Delgado, Ivanni [Grant Prideco, Inc., Hoston, TX (United States); Falcao, Jose Luiz; Sato, Ademar Takashi [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Moura, Carlos Amsler [Comercial Perfuradora Delba Baiana Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    A new drill pipe size, 5-7/8 in. OD, represents enabling technology for Extended Reach Drilling (ERD), deep water and other deep well applications. Most world-class ERD and deep water wells have traditionally been drilled with 5-1/2 in. drill pipe or a combination of 6-5/8 in. and 5-1/2 in. drill pipe. The hydraulic performance of 5-1/2 in. drill pipe can be a major limitation in substantial ERD and deep water wells resulting in poor cuttings removal, slower penetration rates, diminished control over well trajectory and more tendency for drill pipe sticking. The 5-7/8 in. drill pipe provides a significant improvement in hydraulic efficiency compared to 5-1/2 in. drill pipe and does not suffer from the disadvantages associated with use of 6-5/8 in. drill pipe. It represents a drill pipe assembly that is optimized dimensionally and on a performance basis for casing and bit programs that are commonly used for ERD, deep water and ultra-deep wells. The paper discusses the engineering philosophy behind 5-7/8 in. drill pipe, the design challenges associated with development of the product and reviews the features and capabilities of the second-generation double-shoulder connection. The paper provides drilling case history information on significant projects where the pipe has been used and details results achieved with the pipe. (author)

  3. BioKonversion technology recovers, remediates and reuses waste and hydrocarbons from oil drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Topf, A.

    2008-01-15

    Houston-based Nopal Group has developed a solution to dispose of oilfield waste in a safe and cost-effective manner. The company is actively engaged in a large-scale project to remediate a 400-hectare site on the Aspheron Peninsula in Azerbaijan. The site is currently regarded as the most polluted place in the world after a century of oil extraction with little regard for the surrounding environment. The Nopal Group will use its patented BioKonversion technology, which cleanses the soil of hydrocarbons in a two-part process using a large machine known as the Green Machine. Several pipelines will need to be relocated, and ancient drilling rigs that have been there as long as 100 years will have to be dealt with. The cleanup cost has been estimated at between $20 million to $40 million, and will take between 18 and 36 months, depending on how deep into the ground the machines have to dig for hydrocarbons. The 90-foot by 40-foot machine processes drill cuttings, contaminated soil and drill fluids by first separating the dirt from the liquid hydrocarbons, which can be recycled or refined for resale. The remaining dirt, which still contains 3 to 7 percent oil, is then placed into a centrifuge and mixed with a heating agent and other elements, including naturally oleophilic kenaf powder. The process micronizes and absorbs hydrocarbons. Once the process is finished, the hydrocarbons are immediately non-detectable and non-leachable. The leftover benign dirt can be used as landfill cover, or mixed with road aggregate. BioKonversion can also be adapted for use on oil rigs. This article demonstrated that the process has clear advantages over traditional oilfield remediation methods such as land farming. Opportunities exist to utilize the process in Venezuela and Kuwait. 1 fig.

  4. Downhole drilling motors: technical review. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurer, W.C.; McDonald, W.J.; Nixon, J.D.; Matson, L.W.

    1977-08-01

    Dyna-Drills and turbodrills are used primarily for directional drilling where it is critical that the drillpipe not be rotated. These tools are not widely used for straight-hole drilling because of problems with bearing failures, low power outputs, low bit pressures, and high rotary speeds. The high rotary speeds produce bit bearing failures in 10 to 15 h, compared to 100 to 200 h life at lower rotary speeds. The technology now exists to develop reliable high-torque motors which will operate roller bits at speeds of 150 to 250 RPM and diamond bits at speeds of 400 to 800 RPM for periods of 100 to 200 hours. Sealed bearing assemblies which allow the bearings to operate in lubricant are being developed. These improved bearings allow bits to operate at the high bit weights needed for optimum drilling. Improved drilling motors can reduce drilling costs to significantly increase the number of wells drilled per drilling rig per year. Now, this is increasingly important because of the drilling rig shortage developing in this country. At least ten companies are working on the development of improved drilling motors and it is likely that several of these new motors will become commercially available within the next 2 to 3 years. Several companies are working on the development of improved high speed roller bits for use on drilling motors. The development of these high speed bits should significantly increase the use of drilling motors since bit bearing failures are a major problem when drilling with motors. The development of reliable, high-speed STRATAPAX bits should also increase motor useage since these bits drilling most effectively at rotary speeds of 300 to 500 RPM.

  5. 浅谈水平井钻井技术现状及发展方向%Discussion on Current Situation and Development Direction of Horizontal Well Drilling Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琦

    2015-01-01

    水平井钻井技术的发展对油井产量提高以及油田采收率提高都起到了至关重要的作用,水平井钻井技术的出现是石油钻井技术方面重大的突破。本文结合对国内外水平井钻井技术的现状分析,使我们充分了解到国内技术的差距,以便我们在今后技术改进方面有一个方向。%The development of horizontal well drilling technology plays an important role in improving the output of oil well and improving oil recovery efficiency, and the appearance of horizontal well drilling technology is a major breakthrough in oil drilling technology. Combined with the current situation of horizontal well drilling technology in the domestic and foreign, this paper enables us to fully understand the domestic technology gap which is for our technological improvements in the future.

  6. Towards the design of new and improved drilling fluid additives using molecular dynamics simulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard L. Anderson

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available During exploration for oil and gas, a technical drilling fluid is used to lubricate the drill bit, maintain hydrostatic pressure, transmit sensor readings, remove rock cuttings and inhibit swelling of unstable clay based reactive shale formations. Increasing environmental awareness and resulting legislation has led to the search for new, improved biodegradable drilling fluid components. In the case of additives for clay swelling inhibition, an understanding of how existing effective additives interact with clays must be gained to allow the design of improved molecules. Owing to the disordered nature and nanoscopic dimension of the interlayer pores of clay minerals, computer simulations have become an increasingly useful tool for studying clay-swelling inhibitor interactions. In this work we briefly review the history of the development of technical drilling fluids, the environmental impact of drilling fluids and the use of computer simulations to study the interactions between clay minerals and swelling inhibitors. We report on results from some recent large-scale molecular dynamics simulation studies on low molecular weight water-soluble macromolecular inhibitor molecules. The structure and interactions of poly(propylene oxide-diamine, poly(ethylene glycol and poly(ethylene oxide-diacrylate inhibitor molecules with montmorillonite clay are studied.Durante a exploração de óleo e gás um fluido de perfuração é usado para lubrificar 'bit' da perfuradora, manter a pressão hidrostática, transmitir sensores de leitura, remover resíduos da rocha e inibir o inchamento da argila instável baseada nas formações dos folhelhos. O aumento das preocupações ambientais bem como a legislação resultante levou à procura de novos fluidos de perfuração com componentes biodegradáveis. No caso dos aditivos para inibir o inchamento das argilas o entendimento das interações entre os aditivos e as argilas tem que ser adquirido para permitir o

  7. Applied technology in the solution of geothermal drilling problems of deep wells in La Primavera caldera (Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoyo-Gutiérrez, S.; García, A.; Morales, M.; Perezyera, J.; Rosas, A.

    1991-07-01

    The drilling of deep wells in the La Primavera caldera has evidenced a highly complex and hazardous problematic situation due to considerable losses of drilling fluids. Such large losses have not occurred in any other geothermal field in the world. These losses are due mainly to the structural conditions of the geological formations which are penetrated. The technology employed in the construction of deep wells has played a very important role in the solution to these problems. Field case histories describe the effectiveness of the developments of drilling fluids and cement materials in cavernous formations with severe lost-circulation problems. A processed clay bentonite was developed whose high performance and rapid hydration characteristics allowed a reduction of up to 5 hours in the drilling fluid conditioning time. Also, useful results were obtained through the development of a granular plugging mixture which maintained sealing properties at 70 kg/cm 2 under cavernous simulated conditions. This granular plugging mixture kept losses of the volume of drilling fluid under 8% with respect to the total volume. Special cement plugs with thixotropic behavior allowed the handling and placement of this slurry in the problematic zone. The CaSO 4 addition to the cement slurry was optimized so that a placement time of 30 min could be obtained. Additionally, the mechanical compressive strength values of this special cement plug ranged from 50 to 100 kg/cm 2.

  8. A Universal Rig for Supporting Large Hammer Drills: Reduced Injury Risk and Improved Productivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rempel, David; Barr, Alan

    2015-10-01

    Drilling holes into concrete with heavy hammer and rock drills is one of the most physically demanding tasks performed in commercial construction and poses risks for musculoskeletal disorders, noise induced hearing loss, hand arm vibration syndrome and silicosis. The aim of this study was to (1) use a participatory process to develop a rig to support pneumatic rock drills or large electric hammer drills in order to reduce the health risks and (2) evaluate the usability of the rig. Seven prototype rigs for supporting large hammer drills were developed and modified with feedback from commercial contractors and construction workers. The final design was evaluated by laborers and electricians (N=29) who performed their usual concrete drilling with the usual method and the new rig. Subjective regional fatigue was significantly less in the neck, shoulders, hands and arms, and lower back) when using the universal rig compared to the usual manual method. Usability ratings for the rig were significantly better than the usual method on stability, control, drilling, accuracy, and vibration. Drilling time was reduced by approximately 50% with the rig. Commercial construction contractors, laborers and electricians who use large hammer drills for drilling many holes should consider using such a rig to prevent musculoskeletal disorders, fatigue, and silicosis.

  9. A Universal Rig for Supporting Large Hammer Drills: Reduced Injury Risk and Improved Productivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rempel, David; Barr, Alan

    2015-01-01

    Drilling holes into concrete with heavy hammer and rock drills is one of the most physically demanding tasks performed in commercial construction and poses risks for musculoskeletal disorders, noise induced hearing loss, hand arm vibration syndrome and silicosis. The aim of this study was to (1) use a participatory process to develop a rig to support pneumatic rock drills or large electric hammer drills in order to reduce the health risks and (2) evaluate the usability of the rig. Seven prototype rigs for supporting large hammer drills were developed and modified with feedback from commercial contractors and construction workers. The final design was evaluated by laborers and electricians (N=29) who performed their usual concrete drilling with the usual method and the new rig. Subjective regional fatigue was significantly less in the neck, shoulders, hands and arms, and lower back) when using the universal rig compared to the usual manual method. Usability ratings for the rig were significantly better than the usual method on stability, control, drilling, accuracy, and vibration. Drilling time was reduced by approximately 50% with the rig. Commercial construction contractors, laborers and electricians who use large hammer drills for drilling many holes should consider using such a rig to prevent musculoskeletal disorders, fatigue, and silicosis. PMID:26005290

  10. Papers of the CADE/CAODC spring drilling conference: efficiency and creativity: the competitive advantage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    More than 40 papers were presented at this conference in which issues related to drilling techniques and advances in drilling technology were discussed. New advances in underbalanced drilling and coiled tubing applied in horizontal wells received much attention. Other issues discussed included topics such as environmental management of oilfield wastes generated from drilling operations, drilling contract issues and the need for well drilling training programs. Excellent prospects and increases in the number of horizontal wells were predicted as a result of improved technologies and decreasing costs. refs., tabs., figs.

  11. Technology improves upper extremity rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalczewski, Jan; Prochazka, Arthur

    2011-01-01

    Stroke survivors with hemiparesis and spinal cord injury (SCI) survivors with tetraplegia find it difficult or impossible to perform many activities of daily life. There is growing evidence that intensive exercise therapy, especially when supplemented with functional electrical stimulation (FES), can improve upper extremity function, but delivering the treatment can be costly, particularly after recipients leave rehabilitation facilities. Recently, there has been a growing level of interest among researchers and healthcare policymakers to deliver upper extremity treatments to people in their homes using in-home teletherapy (IHT). The few studies that have been carried out so far have encountered a variety of logistical and technical problems, not least the difficulty of conducting properly controlled and blinded protocols that satisfy the requirements of high-level evidence-based research. In most cases, the equipment and communications technology were not designed for individuals with upper extremity disability. It is clear that exercise therapy combined with interventions such as FES, supervised over the Internet, will soon be adopted worldwide in one form or another. Therefore it is timely that researchers, clinicians, and healthcare planners interested in assessing IHT be aware of the pros and cons of the new technology and the factors involved in designing appropriate studies of it. It is crucial to understand the technical barriers, the role of telesupervisors, the motor improvements that participants can reasonably expect and the process of optimizing IHT-exercise therapy protocols to maximize the benefits of the emerging technology.

  12. Enhanced Wellbore Stabilization and Reservoir Productivity with Aphron Drilling Fluid Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fred Growcock

    2004-03-31

    During this second Quarter of the Project, the first four tasks of Phase I--all focusing on the behavior of aphrons--were continued: (a) Aphron Visualization--evaluate and utilize various methods of monitoring and measuring aphron size distribution at elevated pressure; (b) Fluid Density--investigate the effects of pressure, temperature and chemical composition on the survivability of aphrons; (c) Aphron Air Diffusivity--determine the rate of loss of air from aphrons during pressurization; and (d) Pressure Transmissibility--determine whether aphron bridges created in fractures and pore throats reduce fracture propagation. The project team expanded the laboratory facilities and purchased a high-pressure system to measure bubble size distribution, a dissolved oxygen (DO) probe and computers for data acquisition. Although MASI Technologies LLC is not explicitly ISO-certified, all procedures are being documented in a manner commensurate with ISO 9001 certification, including equipment inventory and calibration, data gathering and reporting, chemical inventory and supplier data base, waste management procedures and emergency response plan. Several opportunities presented themselves to share the latest aphron drilling fluid technology with potential clients, including presentation of papers and working exhibit booths at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and the SPE Coiled Tubing Conference & Exhibition. In addition, a brief trip to the Formation Damage Symposium resulted in contacts for possible collaboration with ActiSystems, the University of Alberta and TUDRP/ACTS at the University of Tulsa. Preliminary results indicate that the Aphron Visualization and Pressure Transmissibility tasks should be completed on time. Although the Aphron Air Diffusivity task has been impeded by the lack of a suitable DO probe, it is hoped to be completed on time, too. The Fluid Density task, on the other hand, has had significant delays caused by faulty equipment and will likely require an

  13. Slimhole Horizontal Drilling Technology for EPC Block in Mexico%墨西哥EPC区块优快钻井技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许孝顺

    2011-01-01

    In order to save costs in developing EPC Block of Mexico,all producing wells were designed to be slimhole middle-short radius horizontal wells using the nitrogen-filled underbalanced drilling technology. There are lots of technical difficulties, such as shallow KOP,high build-up rate and long horizontal section. The existing PDM can't make composite drilling under high build-up rate which results in frequent tripping to replace the BHA and prolongs drilling cycle. Therefore,the large bend angle PDM that can complete composite drilling was developed. Since the horizontal section using nitrogen-filled underbalanced drilling,the conventional MWD couldn't be used. The E-LINK MWD was chosen to measure the well trajectory. Optimal and fast drilling technology for EPC Block of Mexico included the big bend angle PDM rotary drilling, E-LINK MWD survey, optimization of the bit and mud property. Field application showed that this technology solved the problem of frequent trip,improved ROP,shortened drilling cycle,and reduced drilling cost.%墨西哥EPC区块在开发中后期,为节约成本,所有生产井均设计为小井眼中短半径水平井,采用氮气欠平衡钻井技术.该区决定向施工中存在造斜点浅、造斜率高、水平段较长等技术难点.现有的动力钻具在高造斜率情况下无法进行复合钻进,造成频繁起下钻更换钻具,钻井周期延长.为此,研制了可进行大角度复合钻进的动力钻具.目的层段采用充氮气欠平衡钻进,无法采用常规随钻测量仪器进行随钻测量,选用了不受钻井介质影响的电磁波无线随钻测量仪.采用大角度可复合钻进的动力钻具和电磁波无线随钻测量仪,通过优选钻头和优化钻井液性能,再配合合理的工程技术措施,形成了适用于EPC区块的优快钻井技术.现场应用表明,该优快钻井技术实现了从造斜到完钻一趟钻完成的目标,解决了频繁起下钻的问题,提高了钻井速度,缩短了

  14. 伊朗雅达油田优快钻井技术%Optimized fast drilling technology for Yadavaran Oilfield of Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯立中

    2014-01-01

    伊朗雅达油田地质条件复杂,为碳酸盐岩储层,具有高温、高压及多压力系统,并含有高浓度硫化氢及二氧化碳酸性气体。在2001到2003年间施工了5口探井,井深4500~5000 m,普遍钻井存在着机械钻速低、井漏、压差卡钻、高压沥青层侵入等突出问题,钻井周期长,安全快速钻井面临巨大的挑战。文中分析了雅达油田钻完井存在的难点以及优快钻井技术应用方案,包括灰岩地层压力检测技术、非渗透防卡钻井液技术、高效破岩及优选钻井参数、高压沥青层钻井技术为特色的雅达油田安全快速成井配套技术等,这些成果在雅达油田一期的井身结构、钻头选型、钻井提速和钻井液等方面进行了全面应用,平均机械钻速较前期提高40%以上,取得了显著的效益。%Yadavaran Oilfield of Iran has complex geologic conditions; it is a carbonate reservoir with high temperature and high pressure and multiple pressure systems, and contains acidic gases like high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, etc. Five exploration wells with depths of 4 500-5 000 m were drilled from 2001 to 2003, which all experienced outstanding issues of low rate of penetration, mud loss, differential sticking, heavy oil influx, etc. These wells were drilled with long drilling period, and so safe and fast drilling faced great challenge. This paper has analyzed the difficulties in drilling and completion operations and the application scheme of optimized fast drilling technology in the field, including pressure detection technique in limestone formation, non-permeate anti-sticking drilling fluid technology, highly efficient rock breaking and parameters optimization, heavy oil layer drilling technology, etc. These solutions were fully utilized in casing program, bit selection, rate of penetration improvement and drilling fluids, etc., and have achieved remarkable economic benefit with average

  15. 浅谈大井眼钻井技术%Discussion on the big hole drilling technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万云祥

    2015-01-01

    Limited by the drilling bit size,broken area of big hole size(311.1 mm and above) is large,and it has the problems of single bit type,mechanical and hydraulic energy shortage,slow drilling speed,high cost,.From the angle of formation drill ability and bit selection,the use of PDC bits,improved mechanical and hydraulic parameters,optimization of assembly,the use of advanced tools and process is put forward for improvement of the big hole drilling speed.In the windy city district,hutubi gas storage application shows that it can significantly improve the mechanical drilling rate,shorten the drilling cycle.%大井眼(Φ311.1mm及以上尺寸)钻井由于受钻头尺寸大、破碎面积大、钻头类型单一、机械及水力能量不足等因素的影响,钻井速度慢,成本高,从地层可钻性研究及钻头选型、PDC钻头的使用、强化机械及水力参数、优化钻具组合、采用先进工具及工艺等方面提出了提高大井眼钻井速度的途径,在风城地区、呼图壁储气库的应用表明,能显著提高机械钻速,缩短钻井周期。

  16. Geothermal drilling in Cerro Prieto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dominguez A., Bernardo

    1982-08-10

    The number of characteristics of the different wells that have been drilled in the Cerro Prieto geothermal field to date enable one to summarize the basic factors in the applied technology, draw some conclusions, improve systems and procedures, and define some problems that have not yet been satisfactorily solved, although the existing solution is the best now available. For all practical purposes, the 100 wells drilled in the three areas or blocks into which the Cerro Prieto field has been divided have been completed. Both exploratory and production wells have been drilled; problems of partial or total lack of control have made it necessary to abandon some of these wells, since they were unsafe to keep in production or even to be used for observation and/or study. The wells and their type, the type of constructed wells and the accumulative meters that have been drilled for such wells are summarized.

  17. GRAIN-SCALE FAILURE IN THERMAL SPALLATION DRILLING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walsh, S C; Lomov, I; Roberts, J J

    2012-01-19

    Geothermal power promises clean, renewable, reliable and potentially widely-available energy, but is limited by high initial capital costs. New drilling technologies are required to make geothermal power financially competitive with other energy sources. One potential solution is offered by Thermal Spallation Drilling (TSD) - a novel drilling technique in which small particles (spalls) are released from the rock surface by rapid heating. While TSD has the potential to improve drilling rates of brittle granitic rocks, the coupled thermomechanical processes involved in TSD are poorly described, making system control and optimization difficult for this drilling technology. In this paper, we discuss results from a new modeling effort investigating thermal spallation drilling. In particular, we describe an explicit model that simulates the grain-scale mechanics of thermal spallation and use this model to examine existing theories concerning spalling mechanisms. We will report how borehole conditions influence spall production, and discuss implications for macro-scale models of drilling systems.

  18. Discussion on the Application of Oil Drilling Automation Core Technology%谈石油钻井自动化核心技术的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘源

    2012-01-01

    石油开采是我国能源供应的主要行业之一,通过对自然资源的充分挖掘利用有助于缓解国内能源危机.钻井是地下石油资源开采利用的有效方式,能够以最简化的生产工艺提高油井产量,与早期传统的生产模式相比,我国石油钻井过程在技术运用上有了很大的改善,多项自动化技术为石油企业提供了可靠的技术保障.鉴于此,本文阐述了传统石油钻井的不足,并提出先进自动化核心技术的运用情况.%Oil production is one of the major industries of China's energy supply, taking full use of natural resources will help to easing the domestic energy crisis. Drilling is an effective way of exploitation and usage of underground petroleum resources, and it can improve oil well production rate with the most simplified production process. Compared to early traditional mode of production, it has been greatly improved for China's oil drilling in the use of technology, many automation technology provide a reliable technical support for the oil companies. In view of this, the article gives the shortage of traditional oil drilling, and provides the condition of application of advanced automated core technologies.

  19. Drilling Difficulty Analysis and Key Technology for Increasing Penetration Rate in Bamai Area%巴麦地区钻井难点分析与提速关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵国顺; 郭宝玉; 蒋金宝

    2011-01-01

    巴麦地区是中国石化在西北地区的勘探开发新区,钻井过程中存在中上部地层阻卡严重,二叠系、石炭系井壁稳定性差,深部地层可钻性差、机械钻速低等技术难点.针对这些技术难点,进行了高压喷射钻井技术和优化水力参数的研究与现场试验,优选了钻头和螺杆类型,进行了涡轮复合钻井技术研究与现场试验,提出了微裂缝地层井壁稳定技术.结果表明:高压喷射钻井技术与常规钻井相比,平均机械钻速提高26.0%~29.3%;(o)311.1和(o)215.9 mm井眼段采用优选的钻头,机械钻速分别提高29.0%和43.0%;二开和四开井段采用优选的螺杆,机械钻速提高27.0%~100.0%;高速涡轮复合钻井与常规钻井相比,机械钻速提高146.0%,与螺杆复合钻井相比机械钻速提高20.0%;中速涡轮复合钻井与螺杆复合钻井相比,机械钻速提高23.0%;应用微裂缝地层井壁稳定技术后未出现井壁失稳问题,实现了微裂缝地层安全钻井.%Bamai Area is a new exploration area in Northwest China. A series of drilling problems occurred during drilling,such as drillpipe stuck in upper layers,poor wellbore stability in Permian system and Carboniferous system,low penetration rate in deep layers etc. In order to solve these problems,high pressure jet drilling and hydraulic parameters optimization were investigated and tested at wellsite. Drilling bit and screw were optimized, compound PDM drilling technology were investigated and tested and the wellbore stability technology for micro-cracks formation was put forwarded. The test results showed that high pressure jet drilling technology increased average penetration rate by 26. 0% - 29. 3% compared with conventional drilling technology. The optimized drill bit improved average penetration rate by 29. 0% and 43. 0% for φ311. 1 and φ215. 9 mm hole respectively. Optimized compound PDM(screw)drilling technology increased drilling rate by

  20. Electrophoretic deposition grinding (EPDG) for improving the precision of microholes drilled via ECDM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Biing-Hwa; Yang, Ching-Tang; Huang, Fuang-Yuan; Lu, Zhe-Hong

    2007-02-01

    Electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM) is an alternative method to microdrill Pyrex glass for MEMS devices. However, the taper and the heat-affected zone of the microholes resulting from the thermal energy is a problem to which attention has to be paid. This study attempts to improve the ECDMed microhole quality by applying electrophoretic deposition grinding (EPDG). ECDM was first used to drill a microhole and was followed by EPDG to refine the hole. The experimental results demonstrated that selecting a suitable diameter of the tool in EPDG is important to improve the taper angle of microholes machined by ECDM. A step shape tool with phi210 µm diameter was designed as a critical factor for improving the taper. An excellent taper angle of 0.2° could be achieved. At the beginning of EPDG, the taper angle and wavy surface of the ECDMed hole were improved by the step shape tool. The subsequent EPDG further improved the surface roughness. Additionally, a sufficient grinding time was required to produce a fine surface. Improving surface roughness requires a higher tool rotation speed and a longer grinding time. However, the dislodging of abrasives in the entrance will worsen the roundness and increase the diameter difference of the hole. Suitable grinding parameters for use in the experiments include tool rotation speed: 1500 rpm, abrasive size: 0.3 µm and grinding time: 500 s. After EPDG, the surface roughness of the microholes achieved was 5 nm Ra. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using EPDG to improve the quality of the ECDMed hole.

  1. 泥浆帽控压钻井技术研究%Research on mud cap controlled pressure drilling technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵峰

    2016-01-01

    In this paper,the mud cap pressure control drilling technology related research,hope that the development of China's oil exploration industry will bring some inspiration.%本文就泥浆帽控压钻井技术进行相关研究,希望能对我国石油勘探业界的发展带来一定的启发作用。

  2. 套管跟进与绳索取心组合钻探技术的应用%Application of the Combined Drilling Technology of Drilling with Casing and Wire-line Coring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥虹

    2014-01-01

    针对贵州省清镇市犁倭乡红花寨、白浪坝铝土矿破碎、漏孔、坍塌掉块的灰岩地层,采用了套管跟进与绳索取心组合钻探技术,克服了常规钻探技术方法钻进困难的问题,顺利完成了ZK3369孔钻探任务,取得了良好的效果。在分析施工难点的基础上,介绍了在破碎、漏失、坍塌掉快地层中套管跟进与绳索取心组合钻探技术施工工艺。%According to the broken, leaking, clasping and block falling limestone formations of the bauxite in Guizhou, the combined drilling technology of drilling with casing and wire-line coring was used to overcome the difficulties of conventional drilling methods, ZK3369 hole drilling was successfully completed with good result.On the basis of the analysis on the con-struction difficulties, the paper introduces the combined drilling technology of drilling with casing and wire-line coring in the broken, leaking, clasping and block falling formations.

  3. Improvement and Analysis for Z3040 Radial Drilling Machine%Z3040摇臂钻床综合改造分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶东强

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, based on the analysis and research of the Z3040 radial drilling machine principle, structure and per-formance,through the transformation of transmission system, electric control of PLC modification and function expansion, the Z3040 radial drilling machine precision,processing technology and performance are improved,the service life of the machine is prolonged, which saves the cost, and become a good complement to Z3040 radial drilling machine optimization.%基于对Z3040摇臂钻床原理、结构、性能的分析研究基础上,通过传动系统改造、电气控制PLC改造和功能扩展的改造,提高了Z3040摇臂钻床的精度、性能,改善了加工工艺,延长机器使用的周期,节约了成本,成为Z3040摇臂钻床优化的一个很好的补充。

  4. 煤矿立井钻井泥浆存在的问题及引进石油钻井泥浆技术的必要性%Problems Existed in Drilling Mud of Mine Shaft Drilling and Necessity to Introduce Drilling Mud Technology From Petroleum Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晨德; 孙建荣

    2014-01-01

    煤矿立井钻井法凿井,井筒深、直径大,地质条件复杂,需多次扩孔,所需的泥浆量大,洗井循环时间长,泥浆参数调整困难,使得钻井效率低;采用分散泥浆体系进行临时支护,容易出现泥包钻头、膨胀缩径、泥浆稳定性差及泥浆废弃量大等问题。针对这些问题,提出了解决煤矿立井钻井泥浆技术问题的对策。即采用抑制性泥浆体系,发展低固相或无固相泥浆,选择合理的泥浆参数,引进石油处理剂和泥浆固化技术及综合利用等。石油钻井泥浆技术可为煤矿立井钻井泥浆提供技术支持,引进是非常必要的。%In a mine shaft sinking with a mine shaft drilling ,a deep mine shaft ,large diameter of the shaft ,complicated geological conditions ,multi reaming required ,large quantity of the drilling mud re-quired ,long flushing circulation time and difficult adjustment of the drilling mud parameters would cause a low drilling rate.A separated drilling mud system applied to the temporary support would easi-ly have a bit balling ,expansible and shrinkage ,poor stability of the drilling mud ,large quantity of drill-ing mud abandoned problem and others.According to these problems ,countermeasures to solve drill-ing mud technical problems of the mine shaft drilling were provided .The countermeasure would be a restrained mud system applied ,development of a low solid phase or no solid phase drilling mud ,ration-al selection of the drilling mud parameters ,introduction of the drilling mud additive from the petrole-um industry and mud consolidation technology as well as the comprehensive utilization and others .The drilling mud technology from the petroleum industry could be a technical support of the mine shaft drilling mud and the introduction would be very necessary.

  5. Development of a Mine Rescue Drilling System (MRDS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raymond, David W. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gaither, Katherine N. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Polsky, Yarom [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Knudsen, Steven D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Broome, Scott Thomas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Su, Jiann-Cherng [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Blankenship, Douglas A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Costin, Laurence S. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) has a long history in developing compact, mobile, very high-speed drilling systems and this technology could be applied to increasing the rate at which boreholes are drilled during a mine accident response. The present study reviews current technical approaches, primarily based on technology developed under other programs, analyzes mine rescue specific requirements to develop a conceptual mine rescue drilling approach, and finally, proposes development of a phased mine rescue drilling system (MRDS) that accomplishes (1) development of rapid drilling MRDS equipment; (2) structuring improved web communication through the Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA) web site; (3) development of an improved protocol for employment of existing drilling technology in emergencies; (4) deployment of advanced technologies to complement mine rescue drilling operations during emergency events; and (5) preliminary discussion of potential future technology development of specialized MRDS equipment. This phased approach allows for rapid fielding of a basic system for improved rescue drilling, with the ability to improve the system over time at a reasonable cost.

  6. Development of a Mine Rescue Drilling System (MRDS) :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raymond, David W.; Gaither, Katherine N.; Polsky, Yarom; Knudsen, Steven D.; Broome, Scott Thomas; Su, Jiann-Cherng; Blankenship, Douglas A.; Costin, Laurence S.

    2014-06-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) has a long history in developing compact, mobile, very high-speed drilling systems and this technology could be applied to increasing the rate at which boreholes are drilled during a mine accident response. The present study reviews current technical approaches, primarily based on technology developed under other programs, analyzes mine rescue specific requirements to develop a conceptual mine rescue drilling approach, and finally, proposes development of a phased mine rescue drilling system (MRDS) that accomplishes (1) development of rapid drilling MRDS equipment; (2) structuring improved web communication through the Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA) web site; (3) development of an improved protocol for employment of existing drilling technology in emergencies; (4) deployment of advanced technologies to complement mine rescue drilling operations during emergency events; and (5) preliminary discussion of potential future technology development of specialized MRDS equipment. This phased approach allows for rapid fielding of a basic system for improved rescue drilling, with the ability to improve the system over time at a reasonable cost.

  7. Laser-drilled micro-hole arrays on polyurethane synthetic leather for improvement of water vapor permeability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Y. [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074 (China); Wang, A.H., E-mail: ahwang@mail.hust.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074 (China); Zheng, R.R. [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074 (China); Tang, H.Q.; Qi, X.Y.; Ye, B. [Wuhan Huagong Laser Engineering CO., Ltd, Wuhan, 430223 (China)

    2014-06-01

    Three kinds of lasers at 1064, 532 and 355 nm wavelengths respectively were adopted to construct micro-hole arrays on polyurethane (PU) synthetic leather with an aim to improve water vapor permeability (WVP) of PU synthetic leather. The morphology of the laser-drilled micro-holes was observed to optimize laser parameters. The WVP and slit tear resistance of the laser-drilled leather were measured. Results show that the optimized pulse energy for the 1064, 532 and 355 nm lasers are 0.8, 1.1 and 0.26 mJ, respectively. The diameters of the micro-holes drilled with the optimized laser pulse energy were about 20, 15 and 10 μm, respectively. The depths of the micro-holes drilled with the optimized pulse energy were about 21, 60 and 69 μm, respectively. Compared with the untreated samples, the highest WVP growth ratio was 38.4%, 46.8% and 53.5% achieved by the 1064, 532 and 355 nm lasers, respectively. And the highest decreasing ratio of slit tear resistance was 11.1%, 14.8%, and 22.5% treated by the 1064, 532 and 355 nm lasers, respectively. Analysis of the interaction mechanism between laser beams at three kinds of laser wavelengths and the PU synthetic leather revealed that laser micro-drilling at 355 nm wavelength displayed both photochemical ablation and photothermal ablation, while laser micro-drilling at 1064 and 532 nm wavelengths leaded to photothermal ablation only.

  8. On Application of Rotary Steerable Drilling Technology%旋转导向钻井技术的应用及探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李增科; 赵哲

    2015-01-01

    旋转导向钻井技术可以有效提高钻井速度,解决滑动导向方式带来的井身质量差、井眼轨迹不规则、净化效果差等问题;还具有井下闭环自动导向的能力,大大提高了定向钻井效率和井眼轨迹控制的精度;能有效解决定向钻进中“托压”问题,提高钻井安全性;能够钻出更符合设计要求的轨迹。在江汉油田,共有6口井应用了旋转导向钻井技术。实践表明旋转导向钻井技术对于复杂工艺井具有提高定向钻井效率的作用;适合上部防斜要求难度高的地层,下部在长井段稳斜及长水平段延伸钻井中具有明显优势;能更加精确高效地进行工程和地质导向。在现场运用中,需要对底部钻具组合进优化,进一步提高实际施工中的造斜率,以满足各种井型需要;还应加快推进国产化进程。%Rotary steerable drilling technology can increase drilling speed to overcome the troubles of poor -quality wellbore ,irregular well track as well as bad purifying effect brought in by slide -guide mode .It can also raise great‐ly directional drilling efficiency and well track control accuracy due to its downhole closed -loop and self -guided function .In addition ,it can solve the problem of backing pressure in the course of directional drilling to boost drill‐ing safety .Six wells have used it in Jianghan Oilfield .Site application shows that it plays a role in improving direc‐tional drilling efficiency of complex technology w ells ;it is suitable for upper layer w here it is difficult to control devia‐tion and it can carry through geosteering more accurately and efficiently .

  9. Application of hydraulic pulse cavitating jet technology in unconventional well drilling%水力脉冲空化射流技术在非常规钻井中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛建华

    2012-01-01

    For some unconventional wells, due to old stratum and poor drillability, it takes longer drilling period and encounters more complex situation, including obvious decline of mechanical drilling rate and soaring drilling cost. Based on the drilling prac-tice of unconventional wells, it is found that conventional drilling technique cannot slove the problems of low mechanical drilling rate and long drilling period. Through research, oil experts found that, under the conditions of fixed hydraulic parameters, the use of pulse jet and cavitating jet could have a greater impact load, improve the efficiency of rock clearing and rock breaking, and success-fully resolve the problem of low mechanical drilling rate and long drilling period. By tracking and comparative analysis of the appli-cation of hydraulic pulse cavitating jet technology in the drilling of unconventional wells, this paper researched on the feasibility of enhancing mechanical drilling rate by the technology and explored the means to improve the tools structure of the technology, hy-draulic parameters, drilling tools combination and the adaptability of the technology to stratum. All the researches above were of practical meanings in making technical preparation for the improvement of mechanical drilling rate of unconventional wells.%部分非常规井由于地层古老,岩性致密,可钻性差,钻井周期长,钻井过程中遇到的复杂情况增多,机械钻速下降幅度明显增大,同时钻井成本也急剧增加。从非常规钻井施工实际不难发现,采用传统钻井工艺和方式不能解决钻井机械钻速低,钻井周期长等难题。目前,石油专家通过探索研究发现,在水力参数不变的条件下,利用脉冲射流和空化射流能够产生较大的冲击载荷,提高清岩和破岩效率,从而顺利解决了钻井机械钻速低,钻井周期长等难题。通过跟踪、对比分析水力空化射流钻井技术在非常规钻井中的应

  10. The Hans Tausen drill

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Sigfus Johann; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Steffensen, Jørgen Peder

    2007-01-01

    In the mid-1990s, excellent results from the GRIP and GISP2 deep drilling projects in Greenland opened up funding for continued ice-coring efforts in Antarctica (EPICA) and Greenland (NorthGRIP). The Glaciology Group of the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, was assigned the task...... of providing drilling capability for these projects, as it had done for the GRIP project. The group decided to further simplify existing deep drill designs for better reliability and ease of handling. The drill design decided upon was successfully tested on Hans Tausen Ice Cap, Peary Land, Greenland, in 1995....... The 5.0 m long Hans Tausen (HT) drill was a prototype for the ~11 m long EPICA and NorthGRIP versions of the drill which were mechanically identical to the HT drill except for a much longer core barrel and chips chamber. These drills could deliver up to 4 m long ice cores after some design improvements...

  11. Electro-Pulse-Boring (EPB):Novel Super-Deep Drilling Technology for Low Cost Electricity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hans O.Schiegg; Arild Rdland; Guizhi Zhu; David A Yuen

    2015-01-01

    The inexhaustible heat deposit in great depths (5–10 km) is a scientific fact. Such deposit occurs around the globe. Thereby, everybody is enabled to generate autonomously clean and renew-able energy, ample electricity and heat. The economical exploration and exploitation of this super-deep geothermal heat deposit requires a novel drilling technique, because the currently only deep drilling method (Rotary) is limited to about 5 km, due to the rising costs, depending exponentially on depth. Electro-pulse-boring (EPB) is a valuable option to Rotary drilling. EPB, originally investigated in Russia, is ready to be developed for industrialization. The feasibility of EPB is proven by many boreholes drilled up to 200 m in granite (crystalline). Estimates show outstanding low costs for drilling by EPB: 100€/m for a borehole with a large diameter (Ø) such as 20"(50 cm), independent on depth and applicable likewise for sediments and crystalline rocks, such as granite. The current rate of pene-tration (ROP) of 3 m per hour is planned to be augmented up to 35 m per hour, and again, irrespec-tive whether in sedimentary or crystalline formations. Consequently, a 10 km deep borehole with Ø 50 cm will ultimately be drilled within 12 days. EPB will create new markets, such as: (i) EPB shallow drilling for geotechnics, energy piles, measures in order to mitigate natural hazards, etc., (ii) EPB deep drilling (3–5 km) for hydro-geothermics, exploration campaigns etc. and (iii) EPB super-deep drilling (5–10 km) for petro-geothermics, enabling the economic generation of electricity. The autonomous and unlimited supply with cost efficient electricity, besides ample heat, ensures reliably clean and renew-able energy, thus, high supply security. Such development will provide a substantial relief to cope with the global challenge to limit the climate change below 2 ºC. The diminution of fossil fuels, due to the energy transition in order to mitigate the climate change, implies

  12. Drilling optimized by monitoring BHA dynamics with MWD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutcliffe, B. (Teleco Oilfield Services Inc., Aberdeen (GB)); Sim, D. (Teleco Oilfield Services Inc., Meriden, CT (US))

    1991-03-25

    By measuring the drilling performance of the bottom hole assembly (BHA) in real time, the probability of serious drilling problems can be reduced. A new logging tool and service directly measures bottom hole assembly performance, thus allowing swifter and more accurate corrective measures when necessary. Drilling time savings are realized through improved rates of penetration (ROP), reduced off-bottom time, and increase life of drillstring. Advances in measurement-while-drilling (MWD) technology have facilitated the inclusion of downhole drilling dynamics measurements into the package of MWD data transmitted in real time. Thus, the actual energy input to the bit and the resistance of the formation to drilling can be measured and compared to the surface data. This provides an extremely useful analytical tool for the drilling engineer.

  13. Improving Technology in Agriscience Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Krista

    2014-01-01

    Teachers must make persistent efforts in integrating technology in the classroom. In Georgia agriscience curriculum, no data are available regarding the type and amount of technology integration used in the classrooms. Some teachers integrate actively while others incorporate very little technology in their teaching. The purpose of this…

  14. Research on the development of intelligent oil drilling technology%关于智能化石油钻井技术的发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小玉

    2015-01-01

    Research on the development of intelligent oil drilling technology With the rapid development of petroleum industry, intelligent oil drilling technology has become a new technology,this paper mainly introduces the general situation,advantages and characteristics of intelligent oil drilling,as well as the development of intelligent oil drilling.%随着石油工业的快速发展,智能化石油钻井技术已经成为较为先进的石油开采新型技术,本文主要介绍智能化石油钻井的概况、优势和特点,以及对智能化石油钻井发展的认识.

  15. Environmental measurement-while-drilling-gamma ray spectrometer (EMWD-GRS) system technology demonstration plan for use at the Savannah River Site F-Area Retention Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, C.V.; Lockwood, G.J.; Normann, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gruebel, R.D. [Tech Reps, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-08-01

    The Environmental Measurement-While-Drilling-Gamma Ray Spectrometer (EMWD-GRS) system represents an innovative blend of new and existing technology that provides the capability of producing real-time environmental and drillbit data during drilling operations. This demonstration plan presents information on the EMWD-GRS technology, demonstration design, Cs-137 contamination at the Savannah River Site F-Area Retention Basin, responsibilities of demonstration participants, and the policies and procedures for the demonstration to be conducted at the Savannah River Site F-Area Retention Basin. The EMWD-GRS technology demonstration will consist of continuously monitoring for gamma-radiation contamination while drilling two horizontal boreholes below the backfilled retention basin. These boreholes will pass near previously sampled vertical borehole locations where concentrations of contaminant levels are known. Contaminant levels continuously recorded by the EMWD-GRS system during drilling will be compared to contaminant levels previously determined through quantitative laboratory analysis of soil samples.

  16. Efficient Drilling Technology of Long Directional Borehole for Gas Drainage in the Medium Hard Coal Seam%中硬煤层瓦斯抽采定向长钻孔高效钻进工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨虎伟; 许超; 董萌萌; 赵建国; 牟培英; 康奇岳

    2014-01-01

    The gas drainage with boreholes is the most direct and effective means for gas control.According to the principle of directional drilling technology in coal mine underground, an effective drilling technology applicable to medium hard coal seam is put forward to realize effective long directional drilling by combining compound drilling technology and directional drilling technology in coal mine underground.The field test proves that this method can make the borehole wall smooth, prevent pump suffocation and sticking, reduce the accident processing time and improve the successful drilling rate and drilling efficiency.By the application of this technology, average ROP increases by 26.8%compared with the conventional directional drilling.%钻孔抽采瓦斯是治理瓦斯最直接有效的手段。根据煤矿井下本煤层定向钻进技术原理,提出一种适用于中硬煤层定向长钻孔的高效钻进工艺,该工艺是将复合钻进技术与煤矿井下定向钻进技术相结合实现定向长钻孔高效钻进的一种钻进方法。通过现场试验证明,该方法能使钻孔孔壁平滑,防止憋泵、卡钻,减少事故处理时间,提高钻孔成功率和钻进效率。经分析,使用该技术后,与常规定向钻进相比,平均机械钻速提高了26.8%,该技术为今后煤矿井下定向钻进技术的推广提供了新思路。

  17. Horizontal drilling methods proven in three test wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorel, M.

    1983-05-01

    The practice of drilling horizontally through a reservoir by deviating the wellbore 90/sup 0/ from vertical requires precise planning and sound engineering practices. This article takes a look at the operational, engineering and planning aspects of three successfully drilled drainholes. It also presents a field-tested horizontal well logging procedure that may help extend and improve this technology.

  18. Improvement of the Vertical Spindle Speed Detecting Method for Vertical Spindle-type Core Drill%立轴式岩心钻机转速检测方法的改进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹崧宇; 赵大军; 郭威; 孙友宏; 刘华南; 孙梓航

    2013-01-01

    立轴式岩心钻机是岩心钻探工程中应用最广泛的钻机。对立轴式岩心钻机转速检测方法进行改进,并且研制了以传感器、计数器模块和采集机为核心的钻机转速检测系统。对转速检测系统中的计数器模块进行优化设计,提高了转速测量的准确性。经漠河盆地天然气水合物钻探试验井的应用,系统工作准确可靠,满足使用要求。%Spindle-type core drill is the most popular drill in geological core drilling engineering.This article presents the improvement of the vertical spindle speed detecting method for spindle-type core drill and introduces the development of speed detecting system based on the key technologies of the sensor, counter module and acquisition machine.The counter module design is optimized to improve the accuracy of the speed measurement.The system has been examined by the NGH drilling program in Mohe, which can surely meet the requirement.

  19. Deep Geothermal Drilling Using Millimeter Wave Technology. Final Technical Research Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oglesby, Kenneth [Impact Technologies LLC, Tulsa, OK (United States); Woskov, Paul [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Einstein, Herbert [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Livesay, Bill [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States)

    2014-12-30

    Conventional drilling methods are very mature, but still have difficulty drilling through very deep,very hard and hot rocks for geothermal, nuclear waste entombment and oil and gas applications.This project demonstrated the capabilities of utilizing only high energy beams to drill such rocks,commonly called ‘Direct Energy Drilling’, which has been the dream of industry since the invention of the laser in the 1960s. A new region of the electromagnetic spectrum, millimeter wave (MMW) wavelengths at 30-300 giga-hertz (GHz) frequency was used to accomplish this feat. To demonstrate MMW beam drilling capabilities a lab bench waveguide delivery, monitoring and instrument system was designed, built and tested around an existing (but non-optimal) 28 GHz frequency, 10 kilowatt (kW) gyrotron. Low waveguide efficiency, plasma generation and reflected power challenges were overcome. Real-time monitoring of the drilling process was also demonstrated. Then the technical capability of using only high power intense millimeter waves to melt (with some vaporization) four different rock types (granite, basalt, sandstone, limestone) was demonstrated through 36 bench tests. Full bore drilling up to 2” diameter (size limited by the available MMW power) was demonstrated through granite and basalt samples. The project also demonstrated that MMW beam transmission losses through high temperature (260°C, 500oF), high pressure (34.5 MPa, 5000 psi) nitrogen gas was below the error range of the meter long path length test equipment and instruments utilized. To refine those transmission losses closer, to allow extrapolation to very great distances, will require a new test cell design and higher sensitivity instruments. All rock samples subjected to high peak temperature by MMW beams developed fractures due to thermal stresses, although the peak temperature was thermodynamically limited by radiative losses. Therefore, this limited drill rate and rock strength data were not able to be

  20. Accelerating the transfer of improved production technologies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Accelerating the transfer of improved production technologies: controlling African cassava mosaic ... African Crop Science Journal ... A national network of cassava workers (NANEC) was created to address the problem of technology transfer.

  1. Experimental investigations of forces and torque in conventional and ultrasonically-assisted drilling of cortical bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, K; Mitrofanov, A V; Silberschmidt, V V

    2011-03-01

    Bone drilling is widely used in orthopaedics and surgery; it is a technically demanding surgical procedure. Recent technological improvements in this area are focused on efforts to reduce forces in bone drilling. This study focuses on forces and a torque required for conventional and ultrasonically-assisted tool penetration into fresh bovine cortical bone. Drilling tests were performed with two drilling techniques, and the influence of drilling speed, feed rate and parameters of ultrasonic vibration on the forces and torque was studied. Ultrasonically-assisted drilling (UAD) was found to reduce a drilling thrust force and torque compared to conventional drilling (CD). The mechanism behind lower levels of forces and torque was explored, using high-speed filming of a drill-bone interaction zone, and was linked to the chip shape and character of its formation. It is expected that UAD will produce holes with minimal effort and avoid unnecessary damage and accompanying pain during the incision.

  2. Improving the performance of clay from Gabal Um Qumar as drilling mud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.I. Abdou

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The main component of water base drilling fluids to perform common properties that facilitate safe and satisfactory drilling is bentonite operations. This paper represents composition and treatment capability of clays collected from clayston quarries in Gabal um Qumar north Cairo-Ismailia Desert Road, Egypt for its application as water base drilling mud. Chemical analysis, XRD and particle size distribution showed that these clays consist of montmorillonite. The rheological properties of the prepared suspension from these clay samples and its activation products by using chemicals and polymers were investigated. Results of untreated samples indicate that they cannot be used as a drilling mud but after activation processes by soda ash, Carboxi Methyl Cellulose (CMC and Drispac Polymer significant changes were observed in yield and rheological properties. Accordingly this type of clay after activation by polymer can be classified as sub-bentonite and classified between bentonite grade and medium bentonite grade that can be used as drilling mud for medium depth wells.

  3. Advanced drilling systems study.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierce, Kenneth G.; Livesay, Billy Joe; Finger, John Travis (Livesay Consultants, Encintas, CA)

    1996-05-01

    This report documents the results of a study of advanced drilling concepts conducted jointly for the Natural Gas Technology Branch and the Geothermal Division of the U.S. Department of Energy. A number of alternative rock cutting concepts and drilling systems are examined. The systems cover the range from current technology, through ongoing efforts in drilling research, to highly speculative concepts. Cutting mechanisms that induce stress mechanically, hydraulically, and thermally are included. All functions necessary to drill and case a well are considered. Capital and operating costs are estimated and performance requirements, based on comparisons of the costs for alternative systems to conventional drilling technology, are developed. A number of problems common to several alternatives and to current technology are identified and discussed.

  4. Integrating multi-scale geophysical and drill-core data to improve hydraulic characterization of continental sedimentary basins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kukowski, Nina; Methe, Pascal; Goepel, Andreas

    2017-04-01

    Physical properties of rocks in the uppermost continental crust e.g. sedimentary basins are very heterogeneously distributed and anisotropic making it necessary to perform advanced post processing techniques on geophysical data. Whereas e.g. electrical resistivity or seismic tomography allow only for identifying physical properties' variability on a scale from roughly several tens of metres to several hundred metres, drill cores reveal physical heterogeneity on the cm-scale. To study the impact of small scale acoustic and hydraulic heterogeneity on fluid flow in a sedimentary basin we use combined data sets from the Thuringian Basin in Germany, a small southern extension of the North German Basin characterised by Permian to Triassic sediments. Our data sets consist of three reflection seismic lines acquired within the framework of the multidisciplinary project INFLUINS (INtegrated FLUid dynamics IN Sedimentary basins) and as site survey for deep drilling, geophysical logging data from a 1,179 m deep drill hole in the centre of the Thuringian Basin, and Multi Sensor Core Logger (MSCL) data of the cores recovered from this drill hole. Geophysical borehole logging was performed immediate after drilling on the highest vertical resolution (about 10 cm) possible using state of the art commercial logging tools. MSCL-data were acquired at an even higher resolution of about 1 to 2 cm , which enables both, calibrating logging data and zooming in the spatial heterogeneity of physical properties. These measurements are complemented with laboratory measurements of rock physical properties (e.g. thermal conductivity, permeability) using selected core samples. Here, we mainly focus on seismic (sonic velocity, density) and hydraulic (porosity, permeability) parameters. This multi-methodological approach allows us on the one hand to estimate improved local to regional average values for physical parameters but most importantly also to highlight the role of thin layers, the physical

  5. Discussion about Processing Deep hole Parts with Gun Drill Technology in CNC Lathe%枪钻技术在数控车床上加工深孔零件的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐怀淋

    2016-01-01

    在科技快速发展的时代,枪钻技术在数控车床上的广泛应用使零件的质量逐步提高,加工效率也有了很大提高。枪钻技术的应用,不仅节约了资金,也降低了企业生产成本,有利于企业的发展。%In the era of rapid development of science and technology,gun drill technology is widely applied in the numerical control lathe to improve the quality of parts and processing efficiency.The application of the gun drill technology not only reduces the production cost but also benefits the enterprise's development.

  6. Understandings on Drilling Technology for Long Horizontal Section Wells%对长水平段水平井钻井技术的几点认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩来聚; 牛洪波

    2014-01-01

    为进一步明晰长水平段水平井与大位移井及常规水平井的差异,探讨相关钻井技术发展思路,进行了长水平段水平井技术特性分析。经分析、对比,认为三者之间的主要区别为:长水平段水平井重点解决的摩阻扭矩问题在常规水平井中不突出;其主要技术目标和形态特征是“相对较长”的水平段,但很多情况下不属于大位移井定义的范畴;相关钻井技术主要关注井斜角为86°以上“长”井段的作业能力,有别于大位移井以水平位移为目标的钻井完井能力。基于上述认识,提出了可表征长水平段水平井形态特征的初步定义,并从完善钻井设计基础理论、创新长水平段提速工艺和经济钻进模式等方面给出了详细建议。%In order to further clarify the differences among long horizontal section wells ,extended reach wells and conventional horizontal wells ,and explore drilling technologies and relative developing strategy for long horizontal section wells ,the technical characteristics of these kinds of wells were analyzed .The a-nalysis and comparison shows the main differences among the three kinds of wells are as follows :the prob-lem of drag and torque in long horizontal section wells is not serious in conventional horizontal wells ;long horizontal section wells feature a long horizontal section ,which is beyond the range of extended reach well in many cases ;the relative technologies have been focused on the drilling ability for the long horizontal sec-tion with deviation of more than 86° ,it is different from the drilling and completion capability in extended reach wells that aimed at getting a long displacement .Based on the findings above ,preliminary definition of long horizontal section wells was presented ,and some specific suggestions on basic drilling design theory , drilling technology for improving ROP of long horizontal section and economic drilling model have

  7. Michrohole Arrays Drilled with Advanced Abrasive Slurry Jet Technology to Efficiently Exploit Enhanced Geothermal Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oglesby, Kenneth [Impact Technologies, Tulsa, OK (United States); Finsterle, Stefan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhang, Yingqi [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Pan, Lehua [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Dobson, Parick [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Mohan, Ram [Univ. of Tulsa, OK (United States); Shoham, Ovadia [Univ. of Tulsa, OK (United States); Felber, Betty [Impact Technologies, Tulsa, OK (United States); Rychel, Dwight [Impact Technologies, Tulsa, OK (United States)

    2014-03-12

    This project had two major areas of research for Engineered/ Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) development - 1) study the potential benefits from using microholes (i.e., bores with diameters less than 10.16 centimeters/ 4 inches) and 2) study FLASH ASJ to drill/ install those microbores between a well and a fracture system. This included the methods and benefits of drilling vertical microholes for exploring the EGS reservoir and for installing multiple (forming an array of) laterals/ directional microholes for creating the in-reservoir heat exchange flow paths. Significant benefit was found in utilizing small microbore sized connecting bores for EGS efficiency and project life. FLASH ASJ was deemed too complicated to optimally work in such deep reservoirs at this time.

  8. 国内外页岩气钻井液技术应用现状%Application Actuality of Shale Gas Drilling Fluid Technology at Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐从丽

    2014-01-01

    With the further exploration of oil and gas, shale gas development had gradually attracted the global attention. American was the earliest country of developing shale gas and had the most advanced technology. China had completed a certain number of shale gas wells since 2011 . The article mostly introduced shale gas drilling fluid technology at home and abroad and its application. Oil-based drilling fluid was mainly used for shale gas horizontal wells, and water-based drilling fluid was mainly used for vertical or directional wells. Oil-based drilling fluid tech-nology at home increasingly well formed and could meet the drilling requirements of the field, and de-oiled drilling cuttings could meet the requirements of environmental protection.%介绍了国内外页岩气钻井液技术及其应用情况,大部分页岩油气水平井采用油基钻井液,直井或定向井多采用水基钻井液;国内油基钻井液技术较为成熟,处理后的含油钻屑能达到环保要求。

  9. Technologie pour le forage scientifique en eau très profonde au XXIe siècle Deepwater Technology for Scientific Drilling in the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sparks C.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article aborde les slimline risers et les systèmes de forage minier qui sont deux domaines technologiques dont le potentiel doit permettre d'améliorer le forage et le carottage scientifiques en eau très profonde au cours du XXIe siècle. Cet article présente les avantages et les inconvénients des slimline risers, par rapport aux risers de forage utilisés par l'industrie pétrolière. Le potentiel de matériaux nouveaux est évoqué. Des analyses préliminaires de slimline risers fabriqués de différents matériaux (acier, titane, aluminium et composite pour forage scientifique par 4 000 m de profondeur d'eau sont présentées. La seconde partie de l'article aborde les moyens d'adapter les systèmes de forage minier aux grands fonds. This paper addresses slimline riser systems and mining drilling systems which are two items of technology that have the potential to improve scientific drilling and coring in deep water in the 21st century. The paper presents the advantages and disadvantages of drilling with a slimline riser, compared to an oil industry riser. The potential of new materials are discussed. Preliminary analyses of slimline risers made from different materials (steel, titanium, aluminium and composite for 4000 m of water are presented. In the second part of the paper, ways of adapting mining systems to deepwater are discussed.

  10. DE-FOA-EE0005502 Advanced Percussive Drilling Technology for Geothermal Exploration and Development Phase II Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Su, Jiann-Cherng [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Raymond, David W. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prasad, Somuri V. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wolfer, Dale R. [Atlas-Copco Secoroc, LLC, Fagersta (Sweden)

    2017-05-01

    Percussive hammers are a promising advance in drilling technology for geothermal since they rely upon rock reduction mechanisms that are well-suited for use in the hard, brittle rock characteristic of geothermal formations. The project research approach and work plan includes a critical path to development of a high-temperature (HT) percussive hammer using a two- phase approach. The work completed in Phase I of the project demonstrated the viability of percussive hammers and that solutions to technical challenges in design, material technology, and performance are likely to be resolved. Work completed in Phase II focused on testing the findings from Phase I and evaluating performance of the materials and designs at high- operating temperatures. A high-operating temperature (HOT) drilling facility was designed, built, and used to test the performance of the DTH under extreme conditions. Results from the testing indicate that a high-temperature capable hammer can be developed and is a viable alternative for user in the driller's toolbox.

  11. MIRAGE emitter improvements & technology review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Steven L.; Irwin, Alan; Oleson, Jim; Sparkman, Kevin; Gallagher, Anthony M.; Lin, William; Pan, Jianmei

    2001-08-01

    With the increased demand for IR sensor and surveillance systems, there is a growing need for technologies to support their operational readiness. Measurement of sensor characteristics such as sensitivity, MRTD, and dynamic range should be standard in all mission critical systems. The Real-Time Infrared Test Set (RTIR) is a portable system designed to provide in-the-field calibration and testing of IR imaging systems and seekers. RTIR uses the high volume manufacturing processes of the Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) and the Micro Electromechanical Systems (MEMS) technology to produce a Thermal Pixel Array (TPA). State-of-the-art CMOS processes define all the necessary on-chip digital and analog electronics. When properly driven, this array generates variable temperature,synthetic IR scenes. A nonuniformity measurement of several TPAs is presented.

  12. High Temperature Piezoelectric Drill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Xiaoqi; Scott, James; Boudreau, Kate; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Sherrit, Stewart; Badescu, Mircea; Shrout, Tom; Zhang, Shujun

    2009-01-01

    The current NASA Decadal mission planning effort has identified Venus as a significant scientific target for a surface in-situ sampling/analyzing mission. The Venus environment represents several extremes including high temperature (460 deg C), high pressure (9 MPa), and potentially corrosive (condensed sulfuric acid droplets that adhere to surfaces during entry) environments. This technology challenge requires new rock sampling tools for these extreme conditions. Piezoelectric materials can potentially operate over a wide temperature range. Single crystals, like LiNbO3, have a Curie temperature that is higher than 1000 deg C and the piezoelectric ceramics Bismuth Titanate higher than 600 deg C. A study of the feasibility of producing piezoelectric drills that can operate in the temperature range up to 500 deg C was conducted. The study includes the high temperature properties investigations of engineering materials and piezoelectric ceramics with different formulas and doping. The drilling performances of a prototype Ultrasonic/Sonic Drill/Corer (USDC) using high temperate piezoelectric ceramics and single crystal were tested at temperature up to 500 deg C. The detailed results of our study and a discussion of the future work on performance improvements are presented in this paper.

  13. Bucket drill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bezverkhiy, V.M.; Nabokov, I.M.; Podoksik, D.Z.; Sadovskiy, S.S.; Shanyukevich, V.A.

    1983-01-01

    The bucket drill including a cylindrical housing with bottom, ground intake windows and cutting knives is hinged to the housing, the mechanism of rotation of the cutting knives including rods connected by the cutter knives, and drive shaft is distinguished by the fact that in order to improve the effectiveness of drilling by automatic change in the angle of cutting depending on the strength of the drillable rock, the drill is equipped with elastic elements and cap with annular slits in which there are elastic elements. The mechanism of rotation of the cutting knives is equipped with levers hinged to the housing, pins with shaft and rocker arm. The rods are made with a slit and from one end are rigidly connected to the cutting knives, and from the other end to the levers by means of pins which are arranged in slits of the rod with the possibility of movement. The upper ends of the levers are installed with the possibility of movement in the pins whose shafts are arranged with the possibility of rotation in the rocker arm rigidly connected to the drive shaft. The drive shaft is equipped with cantilevers installed in the cap with the possibility of rotation and interaction with the elastic elements.

  14. Prediction Model of Mechanical Extending Limits in Horizontal Drilling and Design Methods of Tubular Strings to Improve Limits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenjun Huang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mechanical extending limit in horizontal drilling means the maximum horizontal extending length of a horizontal well under certain ground and down-hole mechanical constraint conditions. Around this concept, the constrained optimization model of mechanical extending limits is built and simplified analytical results for pick-up and slack-off operations are deduced. The horizontal extending limits for kinds of tubular strings under different drilling parameters are calculated and drawn. To improve extending limits, an optimal design model of drill strings is built and applied to a case study. The results indicate that horizontal extending limits are underestimated a lot when the effects of friction force on critical helical buckling loads are neglected. Horizontal extending limits firstly increase and tend to stable values with vertical depths. Horizontal extending limits increase faster but finally become smaller with the increase of horizontal pushing forces for tubular strings of smaller modulus-weight ratio. Sliding slack-off is the main limit operation and high axial friction is the main constraint factor constraining horizontal extending limits. A sophisticated installation of multiple tubular strings can greatly inhibit helical buckling and increase horizontal extending limits. The optimal design model is called only once to obtain design results, which greatly increases the calculation efficiency.

  15. Program to develop improved downhole drilling motors. Semi-annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurer, W.C.

    1976-11-01

    Research progress is reported in two main sections: downhole drilling motor design and design of downhole motor seal, bearing, and test lubrication systems. Information on downhole drilling motor design is presented under the following subsection headings: Turbodrill development; positive displacement motor development; theory of Turbodrills; theory of positive displacement motors; basic motor components; forces on thrust bearings; thrust bearing design; radial bearing design; rotary seal design; sealed lubrication system; lubricants; and project status. The appendix contains information on high temperature lubricants. Information on the design of downhole motor seal, bearing, and test lubrication systems is presented under the following subsection headings: seal, bearing, and lubrication test design criteria; basic test conditions; independent and dependent variable parameters; alternative concepts for seal test apparatus; design of the seal test system; and bearing test system description. A schedule for remaining tasks is included. (JGB)

  16. Application of the IGSN for improved data - sample - drill core linkage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behnken, Andree; Wallrabe-Adams, Hans-Joachim; Röhl, Ursula; Krysiak, Frank

    2016-04-01

    The large number of samples resulting from geoscientific research creates a need for a system that has the ability to allocate unique identifiers for individual samples (cores, core sections, rock samples...). In this abstract we present a solution that utilises the IGSN (1) Registry Metadata Store (2) to automatically register unique IGSN's for samples and submit corresponding metadata. An automated workflow has been set up to register IGSN's and submit metadata for cores stored for example at the IODP (3) Bremen Core Repository (BCR) in Bremen and the BGR National Core Repository for Research Drilling in Berlin, and partly transfer the core information to the GESEP (4) Virtual Core Repository (5). Detailed metadata for these cores are stored in a DIS (6), from which xml files containing all necessary information for IGSN and metadata submission are automatically generated. These files are automatically processed to extract and register the unique IGSN as well as the corresponding metadata. After this parsing process, the IGSN registration and metadata submission processes are triggered by posting the appropriate IGSN API (7) service calls. 1. International Geo Sample Number 2. https://doidb.wdc-terra.org/igsn/ 3. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program / International Ocean Discovery Program 4. German Scientific Earth Probing Consortium 5. http://www.gesep.org/infrastruktur/kernlager/portal/ 6. Drilling Information System 7. https://doidb.wdc-terra.org/igsn/static/apidoc

  17. The Construction Technologies and Quality Control Measures of Rotary Drilling Bored Piles%旋挖桩的施工工艺及质量保证措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓元

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT:The construction of rotary drilling bored piles is more advanced way of pile foundation construction, and the rotary drilling bored pile has the the characteristics of good quality and high construction efficiency. This paper introduces in detail the construction technologies of rotary drilling bored pile, and probes into the quality control measures for the construction of rotary drilling bored piles.%旋挖桩施工是现今我国建筑施工中一种较为先进的桩基施工方式,具有质量好、施工效率高的特点。详细介绍了旋挖桩的施工工艺,探讨了旋挖桩的工程质量保证措施。

  18. Active Suppression of Drilling System Vibrations For Deep Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raymond, David W.; Blankenship, Douglas A.; Buerger, Stephen; Mesh, Mikhail; Radigan, William Thomas; Su, Jiann-Cherng

    2015-10-01

    The dynamic stability of deep drillstrings is challenged by an inability to impart controllability with ever-changing conditions introduced by geology, depth, structural dynamic properties and operating conditions. A multi-organizational LDRD project team at Sandia National Laboratories successfully demonstrated advanced technologies for mitigating drillstring vibrations to improve the reliability of drilling systems used for construction of deep, high-value wells. Using computational modeling and dynamic substructuring techniques, the benefit of controllable actuators at discrete locations in the drillstring is determined. Prototype downhole tools were developed and evaluated in laboratory test fixtures simulating the structural dynamic response of a deep drillstring. A laboratory-based drilling applicability demonstration was conducted to demonstrate the benefit available from deployment of an autonomous, downhole tool with self-actuation capabilities in response to the dynamic response of the host drillstring. A concept is presented for a prototype drilling tool based upon the technical advances. The technology described herein is the subject of U.S. Patent Application No. 62219481, entitled "DRILLING SYSTEM VIBRATION SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS AND METHODS", filed September 16, 2015.

  19. New Technology of Drilling Fluids Conversion after Gas Drilling%气体钻井后气液转换新工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马庆涛

    2013-01-01

    In order to solve the problems such as formation hydration ,erosion ,borehole collapse ,loss of circulation ,which are likely to occur during drilling fluid conversion after gas drilling ,the gas-drilling fluid alteration process after gas drilling was studied .Three kinds of risks associated with conventional gas-drill-ing fluid conversion were analyzed .According to wettability reversal theory ,spraying wet reversal agent to borehole to make it oil-wet for keeping borehole stability .The procedure includes pulling the bit back up to the last casing ,then rotating bit ,spraying wet reversal agent to change the borehole wettability .Finally ,the drilling bit can be run to the bottom ,and pumping drilling fluids at low flow rate w hile tripping out at slow speed .The application of the procedure in Well Yuanye HF 1 in Yuanba Block showed ,the operation time was only 47% that of conversional method ,and the consumption of wet reversal agent was only 13% of that in conversional ways ,was no trouble occurred .It indicated that new alteration process for gas-drilling fluid was safe ,simple ,economic ,and effective ,could provide technical support for drilling fluid alteration after gas drilling in the future .%为了解决气体钻井后气液转换过程中容易出现的地层水化剥蚀、井壁坍塌、钻井液漏失等问题,对气体钻井后的气液转换工艺进行了研究。分析了3种常规气液转换工艺存在的风险,根据井壁润湿反转理论,在井壁上喷淋润湿反转剂使其形成亲油状态,保护井壁不坍塌;在注入钻井液前先将钻头提至上一层套管内,然后旋转钻头喷淋润湿反转剂,对井壁进行润湿反转处理;最后将钻头下到井底,边慢速起钻边小排量注入钻井液。在元坝区块元页H F 1井的应用表明,转换时间仅为常规气液转换工艺的47%,润湿反转剂消耗量仅为常规气液转换工艺的13%,整个过程无井下故障发生。这

  20. Mobile technology: streamlining practice and improving care

    OpenAIRE

    Blake, Holly

    2013-01-01

    The use of mobile phones in care delivery has the potential to improve the way in which care is delivered. When implemented effectively, mobile technologies can empower patients and enhance communication between patients and their health-care providers. When barriers are recognised and addressed, mobile technologies can change working lives, facilitating rapid access to information and supporting efficiency in practice.

  1. The application of rotary drilling rig drilling technology in building engineering pile foundation construction%旋挖钻机成孔技术在建筑工程桩基施工中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟金宝; 郑亚迪

    2014-01-01

    According to the characteristics of rotary drilling rig could automatic positioning,perpendicularity automatic detection,high automation degree,the drill bit could quickly through various stratums,this paper proposed the pile foundation construction technology using rotary drilling pile instead of manual hole digging pile under miscellaneous fill,backfill deep geological condition,through the pile foundation engineering construction cases showed the rotary drilling pile had very big superiority than manual hole digging pile in cost,construction period and other aspects.%针对旋挖钻机能自动定位,垂直度自动检测,自动化程度高,钻头可快速穿过各种复杂地层的特征,提出了在杂填土、回填土较深的地质条件下用旋挖桩来代替人工挖孔桩的桩基施工技术,通过实际桩基工程施工案例显示旋挖桩比人工挖孔桩在成本、工期等方面有着很大的优势。

  2. Improving NASA's technology for space science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    The continued advance of the nation's space program is directly dependent upon the development and use of new technology. Technology is the foundation for every aspect of space missions and ground operations. The improvements in technology that will enable future advances are not only in device and system performance, but also in permitting missions to be carried out more rapidly and at lower cost. Although more can be done with current technology, NASA's recent call for new and innovative approaches should not be answered by employing only today's technologies; new technologies with revolutionary potential should be sought. The study reported here was performed to identify means to enhance the development of technologies for the space sciences and applications.

  3. 跟管钻头钻进工艺在水电勘探中的研究与应用%The Research and Application of Multi-casting Drilling Technology to Hydropower Engineering Investigation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志远; 黄小军

    2011-01-01

    Exploration for construction of hydropower projects in recent years , the problems encountered in the analysis and research First discuss the modified plant gum and application of irrigation fluid; and then focus on the drill pipe drilling process with a large landslide in the exploration, through river dam axis slant-hole drilling exploration and deal with accidents,etc. buried hole wide range of applications. Practical appLication of this technology is much higher than the traditional process with the possession, not only improve the overall level of drilling, but also has a good application and popularization.%就近几年水电工程勘探施工中遇到的问题进行了分析和研究.首先讨论了植物胶冲洗液的改性及应用;然后重点讨论了跟管钻头钻进工艺在大型滑坡体勘探、坝轴线穿江斜孔勘探及处理孔内埋钻事故等方面的广泛应用.此工艺的实际应用效果大大高于传统跟管工艺,不仅提高了钻探总体水平.还具有较好的应用和推广价值.

  4. Quality Measures for Improving Technology Trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teemu J. Heinimäki

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality of technology trees in digital games can be improved by adjusting their structural and quantitative properties. Therefore, there is a demand for recognizing and measuring such properties. Part of the process can be automated; there are properties measurable by computers, and analyses based on the results (and visualizations of them may help to produce significantly better technology trees, even practically without extra workload for humans. In this paper, we introduce useful technology tree properties and novel measuring features implemented into our software tool for manipulating technology trees.

  5. Using technology to improve adolescent healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Areej; Fleegler, Eric W

    2010-08-01

    To provide an overview of current technologies available for use in a primary healthcare setting, common indications for their use, and their effects on clinical practice. Technologies such as the internet and cell phones are an integral part of the daily lives of most adolescents. Many young people are comfortable using technology as part of their healthcare visits, especially when addressing sensitive issues. Over the past 5 years, a significant body of research has emerged introducing a variety of technologic modalities that screen for health-risk behaviors, educate patients about chronic diseases, promote preventive efforts, and provide interventions in the adolescent population. Findings suggest that integrating technology with clinical practice can improve quality of patient care. Technology can be used as an effective medium for the delivery of health information and interventions in an efficient, organized, and effective manner. Sharing knowledge of innovative tools, systems and programs will help develop further interventions and strategies to ensure optimal healthcare in young people.

  6. Drilling Optimization: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhilash M Bharadwaj

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available With rapidly growing global demand for energy resources, oil and gas exploration & production companies face mounting pressure to maximize supply and increase the rate of discovery for new energy sources. Increasingly operating in more remote locations and investing heavily in equipment and facilities, companies face greater financial and operational risks than ever before. Optimization of drilling parameters during drilling operations aims to optimize weight on bit, bit rotation speed for obtaining maximum drilling rate as well as minimizing the drilling cost. Communication and computer technologies are among the most important disciplines which can contribute to drilling optimization. Large amount of data could be piped through different locations on the planet in reliable and time efficient manners.

  7. Drilling Optimization: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinayaka S

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available With rapidly growing global demand for energy resources, oil and gas exploration & production companies face mounting pressure to maximize supply and increase the rate of discovery for new energy sources. Increasingly operating in more remote locations and investing heavily in equipment and facilities, companies face greater financial and operational risks than ever before. Optimization of drilling parameters during drilling operations aims to optimize weight on bit, bit rotation speed for obtaining maximum drilling rate as well as minimizing the drilling cost. Communication and computer technologies are among the most important disciplines which can contribute to drilling optimization. Large amount of data could be piped through different locations on the planet in reliable and time efficient manners.

  8. Visible-near infrared point spectrometry of drill core samples from Río Tinto, Spain: results from the 2005 Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE) drilling exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutter, Brad; Brown, Adrian J; Stoker, Carol R

    2008-10-01

    Sampling of subsurface rock may be required to detect evidence of past biological activity on Mars. The Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE) utilized the Río Tinto region, Spain, as a Mars analog site to test dry drilling technologies specific to Mars that retrieve subsurface rock for biological analysis. This work examines the usefulness of visible-near infrared (VNIR) (450-1000 nm) point spectrometry to characterize ferric iron minerals in core material retrieved during a simulated Mars drilling mission. VNIR spectrometry can indicate the presence of aqueously precipitated ferric iron minerals and, thus, determine whether biological analysis of retrieved rock is warranted. Core spectra obtained during the mission with T1 (893-897 nm) and T2 (644-652 nm) features indicate goethite-dominated samples, while relatively lower wavelength T1 (832-880 nm) features indicate hematite. Hematite/goethite molar ratios varied from 0 to 1.4, and within the 880-898 nm range, T1 features were used to estimate hematite/goethite molar ratios. Post-mission X-ray analysis detected phyllosilicates, which indicates that examining beyond the VNIR (e.g., shortwave infrared, 1000-2500 nm) will enhance the detection of other minerals formed by aqueous processes. Despite the limited spectral range of VNIR point spectrometry utilized in the MARTE Mars drilling simulation project, ferric iron minerals could be identified in retrieved core material, and their distribution served to direct core subsampling for biological analysis.

  9. Drilling equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voyevodin, Yu.M.; Kholosha, Ye.G.; Leshchenko, A.G.; Timchenko, A.I.

    1979-01-10

    The invention refers to units designed for extracting minerals by mechanical action on the face by a cutting tool. There is a known drills which includes a pulse device which contains a combustion chamber, cylinder, piston-percussion tool and cutting tool. The combustion chamber and the sub-piston cavity of the cylinder are connected by a channel in which there is a distributor. Its shortcoming is the fact that the pulse device does not guarantee the necessary motion of the actuating mechanism for its velocity and frequency of the shocks on the cutting tool. This reduces the efficiency of the operation and limits the area of application. The purpose of the proposed invention is to improve productivity of the device. This is achieved because the head of the drill is equipped with a 2-piston pulse device which contains 2-combustion chambers, 2 working cylinders, 2 piston percussion instruments, a rod with gas-conducting and connecting channels for interconnection of the sub-piston cavities and combustion chambers of both cylinders. The spent gases of one cylinder are used for closing the combustion chamber of the second cylinder.

  10. Application program of CRUST-1 10km continental scientific drilling rig in SK-2 scientific drilling well

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Youhong; Gao, Ke; Yu, Ping; Liu, Baochang; Guo, Wei; Ma, Yinlong; Yang, Yang

    2014-05-01

    SK-2 Well is located in DaQing city,where is site of the largest oil field in China,Heilongjiang province, north-east of China.The objective of SK-2 well is to obtain full cores of cretaceous formation in Song Liao basin,and to build the time tunnel of Cretaceous greenhouse climate change,and to clarify the causes,processes and results of the formations of DaQing oil field. This will ensure to achieve our ultimate goals,to test the CRUST-1 drilling rig and improve China's deep scientific drilling technology,to form the scientific drilling technology,method and system with independent intellectual property rights,and to provide technical knowledge and information for China's ten kilometers super-deep scientific drilling technical resources.SK-2 Well is at 6400 meter depth, where the drilling inclination is 90 degree and the continuous coring length is 3535 meter that from 2865 to 6400 meter,the recovery rate of the core is greater or equal to 95 percent with 100 millimeters core diameter and 3.9 degree per 100 meter geothermal gradient.The CRUST-1 rig is designated with special drilling equipment for continental scientific drilling combined to the oil drilling equipment ability with advanced geological drilling technology which is highly automatic and intelligent. CRUST-1 drilling ability is 10000 meter with the maximum hook load 700 tons, the total power is 4610 Kilowatt.CRUST-1 will be integrated with a complete set of automation equipment,including big torque hydraulic top drive,high accuracy automatic drilling rod feeding system, suspended automatic drill string discharge device,hydraulic intelligent iron roughneck,and hydraulic automatic catwalk to fully meet the drilling process requirements of SK-2.Designed with advanced drilling technique for 260 degree in the bottom of SK-2 well and hard rock,including the drilling tools of high temperature hydraulic hammer,high temperature resistance and high strength aluminum drill pipe,high temperature preparation of mud

  11. Can Technology Improve the Quality of Colonoscopy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thirumurthi, Selvi; Ross, William A; Raju, Gottumukkala S

    2016-07-01

    In order for screening colonoscopy to be an effective tool in reducing colon cancer incidence, exams must be performed in a high-quality manner. Quality metrics have been presented by gastroenterology societies and now include higher adenoma detection rate targets than in the past. In many cases, the quality of colonoscopy can often be improved with simple low-cost interventions such as improved procedure technique, implementing split-dose bowel prep, and monitoring individuals' performances. Emerging technology has expanded our field of view and image quality during colonoscopy. We will critically review several technological advances in the context of quality metrics and discuss if technology can really improve the quality of colonoscopy.

  12. Improved Design of Drilling Machine for End Cover of Non -Standard Bearings%非标轴承端盖钻孔机改进设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢孔宝; 陈光明

    2016-01-01

    针对非标轴承端盖注油孔钻孔深度不易测控,导致产品存在的质量稳定差及报废率高等问题,在原 KSD-32型普通台钻基础上进行了改进设计,开发了一种基于 PLC 控制的全自动在线检测非标轴承端盖钻孔机。介绍钻孔机机械结构和控制系统的设计,实践证明,改进后的钻孔机实现了钻孔加工、钻孔深度的自动控制,产品质量、生产效率大大提高。%The drilling depth of oil hole in end cover of non -standard bearings is difficult to measure and control, which lead to poor quality stability and high reject rate of products.Based on original general bench drill KSD -32,the design is improved.A kind of full -automatic drilling machine for online detection of end cover of non -standard bear-ings is developed based on PLC control.The mechanical structure and design of control system for drilling machine are introduced.The practice prove that the automatic control of drilling machining and drilling depth is realized by im-proved drilling machine,and the product quality and production efficiency are greatly improved.

  13. REPAIR TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENT OF SPECIALIZED FREIGHT CARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Bubnov

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The volume of cargo transportation demands the introduction of a new generation of cars that would be able to provide all the needs of carriers. But this is impossible without the implementation of renovation repair facilities with the introduction of new technologies and modernization of the repair process. Repair of rolling stock is a key factor that must proceed with the establishment of new cars, as not all of the inventions may be repaired in car-repair depots, most of which are obsolete. The purpose is to analyze the possibility of increasing the efficiency of the repair process by introducing new repair technologies or improving the existing ones. It will improve not only the quality of the repair, but also its rate. Methodology. Works on improving the designs of freight cars are held by many design organizations in almost all industrialized countries. It makes repair organizations (depots and car-repair plants to upgrade the repair process. Achievements of-this goal is possible by improving the technology renovation and reorganization through the use of flexible flow technologies, which to date are the most effective in the repair of rolling stock. Findings. When performing the analysis it was determined that there are different designs of cars. More of cars are all-purpose and their repair does not cause difficulties for car-repair business. However, the number of specialized cars is also significant, and the technology of their repair should be improved. One of the reasons is that many models, such as tank wagons for the carriage of sulfur, are intended for the carriage of dangerous goods and their failure at the time of motion is not permitted. Originality. Firstly the authors have defined direction at improving technologies of repair specialized cars. Practical value. Actual improvement in the construction of cars is to improve the existing repair facilities. In addition, the repair technology using nowadays when repairing

  14. Continental Scientific Drilling Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Resource Priorities in Continental Drilling J. J. Hemley 12 Aspects of Continental Crustal Structure and Growth Scott Smithson 13 Deep-Drilling Targets...Time of Workshop Allen F. Agnew Library of Congress Clarence R. Allen California Institute of Technology Orson L. Anderson University of California at...Skinner Yale University Norman H. Sleep Northwestern University Laurence L. Sloss Northwestern University Scott B. Smithson University of Wyoming

  15. Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

    2005-09-29

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were

  16. Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

    2005-09-29

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were

  17. Report of the workshop on advanced geothermal drilling and completion systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varnado, S.G. (ed.)

    1979-06-01

    The discussions, conclusions, and recommendations of the Workshop on Advanced Geothermal Drilling and Completion Systems are summarized. The purpose of the workshop was to identify new drilling and completion systems that have the potential for significantly reducing the cost of geothermal wells, and to provide recommendations as to the research and development tasks that are required to develop these advanced systems. Participants in the workshop included representatives from private industry, universities, and government who were organized into four working groups as follows: Rock Drilling Technology, Surface Technology, Borehole Technology, and Directional Drilling Technology. The Panel on Rock Drilling Technology was charged with identifying advanced concepts for breaking rock that could result in instantaneous penetration rates three to five times higher than those of conventional rotary drilling. The Panel on Surface Technology discussed improvements in surface equipment and operating procedures that could contribute to reduced well costs. The Panel on Borehole Technology discussed problems associated with establishing and maintaining a stable borehole for the long-term production of geothermal wells. The Panel on Directional Drilling Technology addressed problems encountered in drilling deviated wells in geothermal reservoirs.

  18. Assessment of the Technology and Practice for Determining Casing Degradation during Offshore Drilling Operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    Ecologic Instruments Bohemia NY Envirotech 12881 Knott Ave. Ste 106 Ecosystem Research and Garden Grove, CA 92645 Technology Corp. P. 0. Box 35712...Environmental Olympus Corp. of America/ Instruments, Inc. Indusria fib ericDe P. 0. Box 590 Industrial Fiberoptics Dept. Pilgrim Station 2 Nevada Drive

  19. Improving transient analysis technology for aircraft structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melosh, R. J.; Chargin, Mladen

    1989-01-01

    Aircraft dynamic analyses are demanding of computer simulation capabilities. The modeling complexities of semi-monocoque construction, irregular geometry, high-performance materials, and high-accuracy analysis are present. At issue are the safety of the passengers and the integrity of the structure for a wide variety of flight-operating and emergency conditions. The technology which supports engineering of aircraft structures using computer simulation is examined. Available computer support is briefly described and improvement of accuracy and efficiency are recommended. Improved accuracy of simulation will lead to a more economical structure. Improved efficiency will result in lowering development time and expense.

  20. 气井钻井溢流早期监测技术%Early detection technology of overflow during drilling gas well

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯光通

    2016-01-01

    针对常规气井钻井过程中易发生的早期溢流问题,开展了气井钻井溢流早期监测研究。在分析气体侵入方式基础上建立了气侵流动机理模型,分析了天然气溢流对井内压力的影响;研究建立了钻井环空多相流动数学力学模型,得到了钻进过程中允许的气侵溢流临界条件判别式,进一步结合泵工作冲数和立管压力确定了早期溢流发现的判别方法。将气井钻井溢流早期监测技术应用于气井钻能在发生溢流量较少时及时发现溢流现象并报警,利于及早排出溢流,恢复安全正常钻进作业,大大降低溢流处理费用,减少溢流发现的人为因素影响,对提高气井钻井的安全性和效益有着十分重要的意义。%In view of the early overflow problem happened in conventional gas well drilling process, the early overflow detection study of gas well drilling was carried out. Based on the analysis of the gas invasion method, the mechanism model of gas flow was established and the influence of the gas overflow to the borehole pressure was analysed. The drilling annulus multiphase mathematical and mechanical model was established in the research. The gas cut overflow critical condition allowed in the process of drilling and the early overflow discriminated method were found using pump working punch number and standpipe pressure. Gas well drilling overflow early detection technology is ap-plied in gas well drilling, which can find the overflow exists in time and raise the alarm when the o-verflow capacity is small. The overflow can be discharged as soon as possible and the normal drilling work can be restored, which greatly reduce the overflow processing costs and the artificial factors of the overflow detection. This detection technology has a vital significance on enhancing the security and efficiency of gas well drilling.

  1. 磨料射流联合机械齿提高硬岩钻进效率研究%Combined drilling of hard rock with abrasive water jet and mechanical bit to improve drilling efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    A dense “boss” in the hole bottom by the conventional drilling in the hard rock requires a more efficient drilling technique with slow bit wear, a new kind of hard rock combined drilling method with the abrasive water jet and mechanical bit is developed in this paper. In this method, it is proposed to introduce the abrasive water jet to erode the “boss” for a “pilot hole”, and then the drilling mechan-ism of conventional rotating bit is changed to improve the hard rock drilling efficiency. Meanwhile, the mechanism of the new drilling method to improve drilling efficiency in hard rock was revealed by using fracture mechanics theory and energy conservation principle. Moreover, by designing a hard rock breaking bit and a set of hard rock combined drilling equipment system, a series of comparative expe-riments between the new and conventional techniques were conducted. The results show that the drilling depth has increased by about 63%, the axial force and torque have reduced by about 15% and 20% re-spectively, and the bit wear is reduced significantly.%  针对煤矿中穿硬质岩层钻孔预抽瓦斯时钻进困难这一问题,在理论分析孔底“凸台”的形成是导致传统旋转钻头钻进困难主要原因基础上,提出了磨料射流联合机械齿钻进硬岩新方法,即利用磨料射流强大的冲蚀能力,预先消除“凸台”,形成先导孔,进而改变传统旋转钻头钻岩机理,达到提高硬岩钻进效率目的。利用断裂力学理论与能量守恒原理揭示了磨料射流联合机械齿提高硬岩钻进效率机理。设计发明了一种破碎硬岩钻头,总成了一套联合钻进硬岩实验系统,并完成了一系列新技术与现有技术的对比实验研究。结果表明,相同条件下,钻头钻进效率较现有技术条件提高63%,承受轴向力与扭矩分别下降约15%和20%,钻头磨损明显减轻。

  2. Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

    2006-06-30

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were

  3. USE OF CUTTING-EDGE HORIZONTAL AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSURFACE SEISMIC TECHNIQUES TO EXPLORE, DRILL AND PRODUCE RESERVOIRED OIL AND GAS FROM THE FRACTURED MONTEREY BELOW 10,000 FT IN THE SANTA MARIA BASIN OF CALIFORNIA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

    2005-02-01

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area by Temblor Petroleum with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper

  4. USE OF CUTTING-EDGE HORIZONTAL AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSURFACE SEISMIC TECHNIQUES TO EXPLORE, DRILL AND PRODUCE RESERVOIRED OIL AND GAS FROM THE FRACTURED MONTEREY BELOW 10,000 FT IN THE SANTA MARIA BASIN OF CALIFORNIA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

    2005-02-01

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area by Temblor Petroleum with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper

  5. Riserless drilling (managed pressure drilling)

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Ahsan

    2012-01-01

    There are several problems which an oil and gas industry is facing. These problems can be solved by riserless drilling method which comes under managed pressure drilling umbrella. The most important problem is increasing number of casing strings to complete a well and to control a well in limited pressure profile. A well model was developed and both conventional and riserless drilling approaches were applied to see how many casings will be needed to complete a same well with these approach...

  6. Can technology improve alignment during knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thienpont, Emmanuel; Fennema, Peter; Price, Andrew

    2013-09-01

    Component malalignment remains a concern in total knee arthroplasty (TKA); therefore, a series of technologies have been developed to improve alignment. The authors conducted a systematic review to compare computer-assisted navigation with conventional instrumentation, and assess the current evidence for patient-matched instrumentation and robot-assisted implantation. An extensive search of the PubMed database for relevant meta-analyses, systematic reviews and original articles was performed, with each study scrutinised by two reviewers. Data on study characteristics and outcomes were extracted from each study and compared. In total 30 studies were included: 10 meta-analyses comparing computer-assisted navigation and conventional instrumentation, 13 studies examining patient-matched instrumentation, and seven investigating robot-assisted implantation. Computer-assisted navigation showed significant and reproducible improvements in mechanical alignment over conventional instrumentation. Patient-matched instrumentation appeared to achieve a high degree of mechanical alignment, although the majority of studies were of poor quality. The data for robot-assisted surgery was less indicative. Computer-assisted navigation improves alignment during TKA over conventional instrumentation. For patient-matched instrumentation and robot-assisted implantation, alignment benefits have not been reliably demonstrated. For all three technologies, clinical benefits cannot currently be assumed, and further studies are required. Although current technologies to improve alignment during TKA appear to result in intra-operative benefits, their clinical impact remains unclear, and surgeons should take this into account when considering their adoption.

  7. The research and application of the fast drilling fluid technology in Hailaer Basin%快速钻井液技术在海拉尔盆地的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宇平; 金波; 蒋欢; 于兴东; 张坤; 谈心; 孙金声; 江四清

    2011-01-01

    In Hailaer area there exists serious mud-making in the borehole upper formation and mud ring is easily formed to give rise to serious sticking. The poor drillability and strong abrasiveness in the middle and lower formations lead to the low penetration rate as well as long drilling cycles. It is easy for the well wall to collapse and blocks to fall seriously in the lower formation. All these seriously affect the progress of exploration and development in Hailaer. Therefore, the fast drilling fluid . Technology was adopted to conduct the field test to improve the penetration rate in Well 126-88 of Hailaer Basin. The result showed that the fast drilling agent had a desirable compatibility with the amphoteric compound ion drilling fluid system applied on the spot. The agent had no effect on the normal performance and rheological property of the drilling fluid, thus effectively solving the problems of the instability of the well wall and the sticking in the process of tripping. The borehole of the test section was regular, the average penetration rate was improved by over 23.31% and the drilling cycle was shortened effectively.%海拉尔区域井中上部地层造浆严重,易形成泥环,导致严重阻卡,中下部地层可钻性差,研磨性强,导致钻井机械钻速低、钻井周期长,下部地层易发生井壁垮塌、严重掉块等现象,严重影响海拉尔区域勘探开发进程.为此,采用快速钻井液技术在海拉尔盆地乌126-88井进行了现场提高机械钻速试验.结果表明,快速钻井剂与现场所用的两性复合离子钻井液体系具有良好的配伍性,对钻井液常规性能及流变性没有影响,且有效解决了井壁失稳以及起下钻过程中的阻卡问题,试验井段井径规则,平均机械钻速提高23.31%以上,有效缩短了钻井周期.

  8. Experimental Study on Precision Drilling Tools Manufacture Based on 3D Printing Technology%精密钻井工具3D 打印制造试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹继飞

    2015-01-01

    Traditional manufacture process in precision drilling tools has complicated procedures, big waste of materials and low yield.3D printing technology can be used to accurately and rapidly manufacture the complex structure tools,and improve the development and manufacture level of new products.The paper demonstrated the technique feasibility of 3D printing technology using in the precision drilling tools manufacture and three-dimensional model of drilling tools.On these bases,the 3D printing technology scheme and completed the 3D printing manufacture and per-formance testing of two tools are established.In the last,the tendency of 3D printing technology was analyzed in this paper.%在精密钻井工具研发制造过程中,传统制造工艺存在工艺流程繁琐、材料损耗大、工艺成品率低、制作周期长等问题。3D 打印技术能够精确、快速地实现复杂结构工具的加工与制造,研究分析了将其用于精密钻井工具加工制造的可行性,确定了精密钻井工具三维模型的建立方法。在此基础上制定了3D 打印技术方案,完成了2件钻井工具部件的3D 打印加工及性能测试,最后对3D 打印精密钻井工具的发展趋势进行了分析。

  9. Improving Oral Reading Fluency through Response Opportunities: A Comparison of Phrase Drill Error Correction with Repeated Readings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begeny, John C.; Daly, Edward J., III; Valleley, Rachel J.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare two oral reading fluency treatments (repeated readings and phrase drill error correction) which differ in the way they prompt student responding. Repeated readings (RR) and phrase drill (PD) error correction were alternated with a baseline and a reward condition within an alternating treatments design with…

  10. IMPROVING HOSPITAL LOGISTICS BY RETHINKING TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Peter; Jørgensen, Pelle Morten Thomas

    2011-01-01

    In order to cope with the future challenges of the health care sector, there is an urging need for improving efficiency at hospitals. The study presents a framework enabling health care managers of improving the in-house logistics. The distinctiveness of the framework is the way in which it relates...... technology, logistics, structure and procedures to efficiency. Changing one factor e.g. technology, initiates an iterative loop focusing on change in the related factors in order to obtain the optimal efficiency. The search for an optimal efficient solution is the driving force of the framework...... at a Danish hospital. The framework is tested on the blood sample logistics between the emergency department and laboratory with the goal of enhancing the efficiency of the emergency department....

  11. Complete Drilling and Completion Technology for Shale Gas Development%页岩气开发钻完井技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建华; 刘杰; 张进

    2015-01-01

    我国广泛分布着丰富的页岩气资源,开发应用远景良好。通过借鉴、转化、应用常规油气开发的成熟技术,可集成配套形成页岩气开发钻完井技术系列。水平井已成为页岩气开发的主要钻井方式,结合旋转导向、MWD/LWD、三维地震和欠平衡钻井等工艺技术的集成应用可提高开发效率。水力压裂工艺已成为页岩气开发的主要技术,随着清水压裂、重复压裂、同步压裂等技术的发展,页岩气的勘探开发更具发展潜力。%China is very rich in shale gas resources with great development potential.It is possible to form a series of com-plete drilling and completion technology for shale gas development through borrowing, converting and utilizing of well-proven conventional oil and gas development technology.Horizontal drilling has dominated the drilling methods for shale gas develop-ment, and integrated with rotary steerable drilling, MWD/LWD, 3-D seismic survey, and under-balanced drilling, it will increase development efficiency.Hydraulic fracturing is a main technique for stimulation of shale gas reservoirs.Advances in slick water fracturing, re-fracturing, synchronized fracturing, etc., will make shale gas development more promising.

  12. Application of Vapor Deposition Coating Technology in the Hard Lubrication Film of Drilling Machine%气相沉积涂层技术用于钻探机具的硬质润滑薄膜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宇; 尹德政

    2014-01-01

    The drilling machine is supposed to have optimal wear-resisting properties and optimal corrosion resistant properties so as to run properly under harsh situation. The intrinsic surface properties of drilling machine cover the wear-resisting properties of accessories. The normal deposition state of energy-carrying particle concerns the unique architectural problem of the friction film. To improve the wear-resisting properties of the parts, the machine surface hardness should be improved. Using gas phase deposition technology to accept composite framework multi-level high bonding strength of laminated to prepare surface with higher hardness. Such lubrication film, with unique structure and special performance, can improve the original drilling rate and supply new technology available.%钻探机具,要带有最优的耐磨特性,以及最优的耐蚀特性;在苛刻的态势下,也应妥善运转。钻探机具固有的表面性能,涵盖了配件的耐磨特性。载能粒子惯常的沉积状态,关涉着摩擦薄膜特有的构架问题。要提升配件原有的耐磨特性,就应提高机具表层硬度,用气相沉积技术,接纳复合架构下的、多层级高结合力的层积思路,制备出硬度较高的表层。这样制备好的润滑薄膜,带有独特构架及特有的性能,能提快原有的钻探速率,供应可用的新技术。

  13. Key Technology on Deep-Water Semi-Submersible Drilling Platform:Global Performance;Structure Analysis;Vortex-Induced Vibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    谢彬杨建民主编上海交通大学出版社出版定价:$150.00内容简介:This book is based on the project Research on the Key Technology of3 000m Deepwater Semi-Submersible Drilling Platform aiming at solving the key issues of design and construction techniques.It contains 5parts,

  14. Study on Earthquake Emergency Evacuation Drill Trainer Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    ChangJiang, L.

    2016-12-01

    With the improvement of China's urbanization, to ensure people survive the earthquake needs scientific routine emergency evacuation drills. Drawing on cellular automaton, shortest path algorithm and collision avoidance, we designed a model of earthquake emergency evacuation drill for school scenes. Based on this model, we made simulation software for earthquake emergency evacuation drill. The software is able to perform the simulation of earthquake emergency evacuation drill by building spatial structural model and selecting the information of people's location grounds on actual conditions of constructions. Based on the data of simulation, we can operate drilling in the same building. RFID technology could be used here for drill data collection which read personal information and send it to the evacuation simulation software via WIFI. Then the simulation software would contrast simulative data with the information of actual evacuation process, such as evacuation time, evacuation path, congestion nodes and so on. In the end, it would provide a contrastive analysis report to report assessment result and optimum proposal. We hope the earthquake emergency evacuation drill software and trainer can provide overall process disposal concept for earthquake emergency evacuation drill in assembly occupancies. The trainer can make the earthquake emergency evacuation more orderly, efficient, reasonable and scientific to fulfill the increase in coping capacity of urban hazard.

  15. FPDSO with near-surface-disconnect-drilling system. A new approach based on familiar technology and cost effectiveness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karp, Terje

    2000-07-01

    Kvaerner's Field Development business has developed a new concept for simultaneously drilling and producing from a monohull unit. The concept offers full weathervaning capabilities, but is best suited for deep-water areas with a predominant weather direction. The idea is built on known principles, arranged and combined in a novel and unique manner. The concept has been analysed for the conditions typical of the Gulf of Mexico and Brazil. Kvaerner has recently developed a complete portfolio of new solutions for Floating, Production, Drilling, Storage and Offloading (FPDSO) units. The latest contribution is based on the so-called near-surface-disconnect-drilling system. The vessel has separate drilling and production facilities (turret/swivel area) and so attains a high level of safety onboard.

  16. Drilling reorganizes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    As the first in a proposed series of steps that would move scientific ocean drilling from its own niche within the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Directorate for Astronomical, Atmospheric, Earth, and Ocean Sciences (AAEO) into the agency's Division of Ocean Sciences, Grant Gross, division director, has been appointed acting director of the Office of Scientific Ocean Drilling (OSOD). Gross will retain the directorship of the division, which also is part of AAEO. Allen M. Shinn, Jr., OSOD director for nearly 2 years, has been reassigned effective July 10 to a position in NSF's Office of Planning and Resource Management.The move aims to tie drilling operations more closely to the science with which it is associated, Gross said. This first step is an organizational response to the current leaning toward using a commercial drilling vessel as the drilling platform, he said. Before the market for such commercial drill ships opened (Eos, February 22, 1983, p . 73), other ship options for scientific ocean drilling included refurbishing the aging Glomar Challenger or renovating, at great expense, the Glomar Explorer. A possible next step in the reorganization is to make OSOD the third section within the Ocean Sciences Division. Currently, the division is divided into the Oceanographic Facilities and Support Section and the Ocean Sciences Research Section.

  17. Experimental study to analyse the workpiece surface temperature in deep hole drilling of aluminium alloy engine blocks using MQL technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.J. Filipovic

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The objective of this applied research is to investigate the MQL deep hole drilling method, in orderto increase productivity and replace the current method of drilling main oil gallery holes in aluminum alloycylinder blocks that uses MWFs.Design/methodology/approach: The experimentation was performed at the Guhring, Inc. (a tool manufacturingcompany in Germany. The MQL drilling machine, machine operators, CNC programming, hole drilling, andtool layouts were be provided by Guhring. The main components of this experiment were the MQL machinewith dual channel system, machine tool fixture, special carbide drills, data acquisition system, thermal opticalcamera to measure surface temperature, and computers. The surface along the axis of the of the oil gallery holewas milled to produce uniform thickness of 2.5 mm. The drill was spinning but not moving into the engineblock, the engine block was moving into the drill. All experiments were performed in random order with noreplications. The other output variables, surface finish, true position, roundness, straightness, diameter andmisalignment, were measured by a surface analyzer and coordinate measuring machine (CMM.Findings: Based on this research it can be concluded that MQL is a viable production solution for DHDin automotive cast aluminum alloy. Good part quality characteristics were achieved using this method withproduction feeds and speeds.Practical implications: The MQL method has shown potential to be even more productive as compared totraditional deep hole drilling which would result in less capital investment.Originality/value: Good part quality characteristics were achieved using this method with production feeds and speeds.

  18. Use of textile nanofibers to improve the sound absorption coefficient of drilled panels for acoustic applications

    OpenAIRE

    Alba, Jesús; Del Rey, Romina; BERTO, Laura; Hervás, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Nowadays combinations of textile materials are common solutions in acoustics aplications as absorbent acoustic materials. Researches developed previously make possible to assert that the nanofibers textile veils combined with the textile wools, will improve the acoustic proprieties of the latter. These kind of nanofibers textile veils are made with a process known as “electrospinning process” Furthermore, these kinds of combinations present an airflow resistivity value...

  19. Recent trends in computer application in industrial fields and how to apply its technology to oil drilling field. Tasangyo deno computer riyo no genjo to kussaku sagyo eno oyo no kanosei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuo, Keisuke

    1989-09-01

    This report looks back on the 30 year history of computers and plant automation, and suggests the way to apply computers to the field of drilling. Recent trends are distribution of controls and contrarious integration. This integration is hierarchical integration to the upper level by integrating process instrumentation, electricity and computers. With the development of communication technologies, on-line, real time, and multi-task operations became possible. Furthermore, control technologies including the optimization by simulation were advanced, and breakdown diagnosis and operation support by artificial intelligence technologies were put to practical use. Possible application examples of these technologies to drilling works are a microcomputer which operates measurement controlling equipments according to the information on the drilling rig from mud loggers, a microcomputer which controls handling of equipments, and configuration of LAN including communication stations which can transmit inquiries into the progress of drilling or the way to handle troubles. 12 figs., 3 tabs.

  20. The Automatic Drilling System of 6R-2P Mining Drill Jumbos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yujun Wang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the efficiency of underground mining and tunneling operations and to realize automatic drilling, it is necessary to develop the automation system for large drill jumbos. This work focuses on one such mining drill jumbo which is actually a redundant robotic manipulator with eight degrees of freedom, because it has six revolute joints and two prismatic joints. To realize the autonomous drilling operation, algorithms are proposed to calculate the desired pose of the end-effector and to solve the inverse kinematics of the drill jumbo, which is one of the key issues for developing the automation system. After that, a control strategy is proposed to independently control the eight joint variables using PID feedback control approaches. The simulation model is developed in Simulink. As the closed-loop controllers corresponding to all joints are local and independent of each other, the whole system is not a closed-loop feedback control. In order to estimate the possible maximal pose error, the analysis of the pose error caused by the errors of the joint variables is conducted. The results are satisfactory for mining applications and the developed automation system is being applied in the drill jumbos built by Mining Technologies International Inc.

  1. Whole-blastocyst culture followed by laser drilling technology enhances the efficiency of inner cell mass isolation and embryonic stem cell derivation from good- and poor-quality mouse embryos: new insights for derivation of human embryonic stem cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes, J L; Sánchez, L; Catalina, P; Cobo, F; Bueno, C; Martínez-Ramirez, A; Barroso, A; Cabrera, C; Ligero, G; Montes, R; Rubio, R; Nieto, A; Menendez, P

    2008-04-01

    The optimization of human embryonic stem (hES) cell line derivation methods is challenging because many worldwide laboratories have neither access to spare human embryos nor ethical approval for using supernumerary human embryos for hES cell derivation purposes. Additionally, studies performed directly on human embryos imply a waste of precious human biological material. In this study, we developed a new strategy based on the combination of whole-blastocyst culture followed by laser drilling destruction of the trophoectoderm for improving the efficiency of inner cell mass (ICM) isolation and ES cell derivation using murine embryos. Embryos were divided into good- and poor-quality embryos. We demonstrate that the efficiency of both ICM isolation and ES cell derivation using this strategy is significantly superior to whole-blastocyst culture or laser drilling technology itself. Regardless of the ICM isolation method, the ES cell establishment depends on a feeder cell growth surface. Importantly, this combined methodology can be successfully applied to poor-quality blastocysts that otherwise would not be suitable for laser drilling itself nor immunosurgery in an attempt to derive ES cell lines due to the inability to distinguish the ICM. The ES cell lines derived by this combined method were characterized and shown to maintain a typical morphology, undifferentiated phenotype, and in vitro and in vivo three germ layer differentiation potential. Finally, all ES cell lines established using either technology acquired an aneuploid karyotype after extended culture periods, suggesting that the method used for ES cell derivation does not seem to influence the karyotype of the ES cells after extended culture. This methodology may open up new avenues for further improvements for the derivation of hES cells, the majority of which are derived from frozen, poor-quality human embryos.

  2. Low-impact sampling under an active solid low-level radioactive waste disposal unit using horizontal drilling technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puglisi, C.V.; Vold, E.L.

    1995-12-01

    The purpose of this project was to determine the performance of the solid low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) disposal units located on a mesa top at TA-54, Area G, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM, and to provide in-situ (vadose zone) site characterization information to Area G`s Performance Assessment. The vadose zone beneath an active disposal unit (DU 37), was accessed by utilizing low-impact, air-rotary horizontal drilling technology. Core samples were pulled, via wire-line core method, in 3 horizontal holes fanning out below DU 37 at approximately 5 foot intervals depending on recovery percentage. Samples were surveyed and prepared in-field following Environmental Restoration (ER) guidelines. Samples were transferred from the field to the CST-9 Radvan for initial radiological screening. Following screening, samples were delivered to CST-3 analytical lab for analyses including moisture content, 23 inorganics, 60 volatile organic compounds (VOC`s), 68 semivolatile organic compounds (SVOC`s), tritium, lead 210, radium 226 & 228, cesium 137, isotopic plutonium, americium 241, strontium 90, isotopic uranium, and isotopic thorium. Other analyses included matric potential, alpha spectroscopy, gamma spectroscopy, and gross alpha/beta. The overall results of the analysis identified only tritium as having migrated from the DU. Am-241, Eu-152, and Pu-238 were possibly identified above background but the results are not definitive. Of all organics analysed for, only ethyl acetate was tentatively identified slightly above background. All inorganics were found to be well below regulatory limits. Based on the results of the above mentioned analyses, it was determined that Area G`s disposal units are performing well and no significant liquid phase migration of contaminants has occurred.

  3. Software productivity improvement through software engineering technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcgarry, F. E.

    1985-01-01

    It has been estimated that NASA expends anywhere from 6 to 10 percent of its annual budget on the acquisition, implementation and maintenance of computer software. Although researchers have produced numerous software engineering approaches over the past 5-10 years; each claiming to be more effective than the other, there is very limited quantitative information verifying the measurable impact htat any of these technologies may have in a production environment. At NASA/GSFC, an extended research effort aimed at identifying and measuring software techniques that favorably impact productivity of software development, has been active over the past 8 years. Specific, measurable, software development technologies have been applied and measured in a production environment. Resulting software development approaches have been shown to be effective in both improving quality as well as productivity in this one environment.

  4. Improving student retention in computer engineering technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierozinski, Russell Ivan

    The purpose of this research project was to improve student retention in the Computer Engineering Technology program at the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology by reducing the number of dropouts and increasing the graduation rate. This action research project utilized a mixed methods approach of a survey and face-to-face interviews. The participants were male and female, with a large majority ranging from 18 to 21 years of age. The research found that participants recognized their skills and capability, but their capacity to remain in the program was dependent on understanding and meeting the demanding pace and rigour of the program. The participants recognized that curriculum delivery along with instructor-student interaction had an impact on student retention. To be successful in the program, students required support in four domains: academic, learning management, career, and social.

  5. 提高枪钻孔加工直线度的方法%Method of Improving Straightness of Gun Drilling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨样; 李耀明; 董振

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the factors impacting the straightness of processed hole from the layout of support pads of gun - drill. The gun drilling process is conducted in a closed environment, so the processing is very unstable, gun drill deviation directly affects the straightness of the hole to be machined, or even makes the work - piece scrapped. The article makes a stress analysis of support pads of gun - drill, and then, calculates their stability in the machining process, establish a three - dimensional Pro/E model and conclude a group angle parameters refereeing to the layout of support pads of gun-drill which can acquire the highest stability in the processing via ANSYS, and then be drill a tested hole to acquire a perfect result. This paper makes a practical significance to improve straightness of deep hole with small - diameter, length - to - diameter ratio.%从枪钻的导向条布局出发,分析影响被加工孔直线度的因素.由于枪钻加工是在密闭环境下进行的,因此加工过程很不稳定,而枪钻走偏现象直接影响被加工孔的直线度,甚至造成工件报废.通过对加工过程中枪钻导向条进行受力分析,计算其在加工过程中的稳定度,建立Pro/E三维模型并进行ANSYS分析,得出在加工过程中稳定度最高的枪钻导向条布局参数,进行打孔试验并得到很好的效果.本文对提高小直径、大长径比的深孔直线度有实际意义.

  6. Short radius horizontal wells - a new technology to improve recovery from old reservoirs. Horizontalbohrungen mit kleinem Radius - neue Technologie zur intensiven Ausbeutung alter Felder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ehlers, R.; Picksak, A.; Krueger, V.; Witte, J. (Eastman Teleco, Celle (Germany))

    1992-10-01

    Horizontal technology proved to be a very effective method to improve recovery from old reservoirs besides other methods of enhanced oil recovery. Since the introduction of steerable short radius drilling systems in 1989, the industry holds now the ability to drill horizontal intervals exeeding 300 m below a 12 m radius curve. The system's main components are an articulated downhole motor and a flexible wireline steering tool. The achieved results confirmed the new system's efficiency. Flexible MWDs are currently under extensive field testing and will provide the necessary member for a modern steerable drilling system. Following an introduction to the drilling system, recent case histories from Italy and the Middle East are presented. A future outlook and further applications are given. (orig.).

  7. Combining conventional and thermal drilling in order to increase speed and reduce costs of drilling operations to access deep geothermal resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Edoardo; Kant, Michael A.; von Rohr, Philipp Rudolf; Saar, Martin O.

    2017-04-01

    rock strength with temperature. This is different from oven treatments, where an initial increase of strength is typically observed, followed by a steep decrease upon further (slow) oven-heating. Thus, the weakening of sandstone and granite samples due to flame treatments indicates the feasibility of a combined mechanical-thermal drilling system. These results suggest that the new combined method enables improved rates of penetration in hard rocks while reducing the rate of drill tool wear. We also present possible implementations of this combined drilling system in the field. From field test results, advantages and limitations of the proposed new technology are presented, with an emphasis on accessing geothermal energy resources in crystalline basement rocks.

  8. 绳索取心钻进工艺在佳县上高寨普查勘探区深孔中的应用%Application of Wire-line Core Drilling Technology in Shanggaozhai Prospecting Area Deep Boreholes, Jiaxian County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王眼会; 程湖渊

    2015-01-01

    Upper part strata in the Shanggaozhai prospecting area have Quaternary accumulated loess, bedrock mainly yellowish brown Luohe sandstone and grayish white argillaceous sandstone, grayish brown mudstone. Rock hardness is relatively small, fractures and fragmentation status rather serious, thus caused drilling operation difficult. Based on summarization of problems appeared in common core drilling, introduced wire-line core drilling technological peculiarity and application details. The result has shown that the wire-line core drilling technology can increase penetrating time, lower down labor intensity, improve drilling quality, rock and coal core re⁃covery, and reduce the cost. Finally, after estimation, the common drilling technology unit cost is 520.23 RMB Yuan/m, while wire-line core drilling is 310.16 RMB Yuan/m, have reduced 40%. Thus the technology has guiding significance in popularization of wire-line core drilling in coalfield deep borehole drilling.%佳县上高寨普查勘探区上部为第四系黄土堆积而成,基岩主要是由黄褐色洛河砂岩以及灰白色泥质砂岩、灰褐色泥岩等构成,岩石硬度比较小,裂隙、破碎情况比较突出,导致钻探施工难度较大。在总结用普通取心钻进时出现的问题基础上,介绍了绳索取心钻进的钻进工艺技术的特点和应用细节。结果表明,采用绳索取心钻进工艺技术,增大了纯钻进时间,降低劳动强度,提高钻进质量和岩、煤心采取率,降低了钻探成本。最后经过测算普通钻进工艺的单位成本为520.53元/m,绳索取心钻进工艺的单位成本为310.16元/m,单位成本降低了40%。对普及绳索取心钻探工艺在煤田中深孔钻进勘探具有重要的指导意义。

  9. 通南巴地区充气欠平衡钻井技术应用%APPLICATION OF AERATED UDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGY IN TONGNANBA AREA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄明

    2009-01-01

    The reservoir features of Tongnanba block are low drillabillity, complex formation and serious collapse, downhole complex problems often occurred in conventional overbalanced drilling, the average ROP is under 0.8m/s, the total lost circulation volume almost reaches 2 104m3 in some wells. With the development of gas drilling technology, more than 10 wells were drilled in Tongnanba Block by using gas drilling and foam drilling, the ROP in upper formation was increased obviously, but the methods can not be applied from Shaximiao group to Xijiahe group (thickness 2000m) due to collapse and formation water. The aerated liquid drilling technique can solve above problems. This paper introduced the technical characteristics and field application of aerated liquid drilling in Tonnanba block.%通南巴地区地层可钻性差,地层复杂,井漏、井塌严重,常规钻井液机械钻速在0.8m/s以下,个别井漏失钻井液近2×104m3.近年来气体钻井技术迅速发展,先后在通南巴地区进行了10余口井的气体钻井、泡沫钻井,上部地层机械钻速大幅度提高.但气体钻井遇到了地层应力垮塌、地层出水量大等工程地质难题,导致了下沙溪庙组-须家河组近2000m的井段无法使用气体钻井提速.文章提出通过充气钻井方式应对上述难题,并详细介绍了充气钻井的工艺特点及现场实验应用,将进一步提高河坝地区复杂地层的钻井效率.

  10. New technologies to improve laboratory testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burtis, C. A.

    Several core technologies that are having, or will have, an impact on the clinical laboratory are discussed. These include instrument-related technologies such as computer technology, chemometrics, robotics, sensors, and biological technologies such as cell fusion and recombinant DNA.

  11. Drilling Fluid Technology of CHE Oilfield in Argentina%阿根廷CHE油田钻井液技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁俊文

    2012-01-01

    Some difficulties are encountered in CHE oilfield, which are balled bit and stabilizer in upper formations, caving and sloughing in lower formations, thick mud cake in target formation, and contamination of HCO3~ in formations. The polymer drilling fluid system is successfully applied in 5 development wells, cooperated with advanced solid-control technology and anti-collapsing technology, the solids can be eliminated and also the weighting material can be saved to overcome the problems of solid-control of this oilfield.%CHE油田位于阿根廷门多萨市以南安第斯山脉东麓库亚那(Cuyana)盆地中部.该油田上部地层富含活性黏土,造浆趋势强,易出现钻头、扶正器泥包;下部地层受造山运动影响,地应力强,井壁稳定性差,掉块多,易发生卡钻;目的层渗透性好,易形成厚泥饼,导致起下钻阻卡严重;地层中含有CO2,易出现HCO3-污染;现场无钻屑池,要求钻屑不落地、废液零排放,对固相控制技术的要求高.江汉油田阿根廷项目部在该油田完成5口开发井,通过采用聚合物钻井液,配合先进的固相控制技术及针对性的防塌技术,较好地解决了以上技术难题.应用结果表明,将高、低速离心机串联使用,同时采用化学絮凝技术,既能清除劣质固相,又不浪费加重材料,能彻底解决该油田钻井液施工中的固相控制问题,有利于保持钻井液性能稳定.

  12. Drilling force and temperature of bone under dry and physiological drilling conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Linlin; Wang, Chengyong; Jiang, Min; He, Huiyu; Song, Yuexian; Chen, Hanyuan; Shen, Jingnan; Zhang, Jiayong

    2014-11-01

    Many researches on drilling force and temperature have been done with the aim to reduce the labour intensiveness of surgery, avoid unnecessary damage and improve drilling quality. However, there has not been a systematic study of mid- and high-speed drilling under dry and physiological conditions(injection of saline). Furthermore, there is no consensus on optimal drilling parameters. To study these parameters under dry and physiological drilling conditions, pig humerus bones are drilled with medical twist drills operated using a wide range of drilling speeds and feed rates. Drilling force and temperature are measured using a YDZ-II01W dynamometer and a NEC TVS-500EX thermal infrared imager, respectively, to evaluate internal bone damage. To evaluate drilling quality, bone debris and hole morphology are observed by SEM(scanning electron microscopy). Changes in drilling force and temperature give similar results during drilling such that the value of each parameter peaks just before the drill penetrates through the osteon of the compact bone into the trabeculae of the spongy bone. Drilling temperatures under physiological conditions are much lower than those observed under dry conditions, while a larger drilling force occurs under physiological conditions than dry conditions. Drilling speed and feed rate have a significant influence on drilling force, temperature, bone debris and hole morphology. The investigation of the effect of drilling force and temperature on internal bone damage reveals that a drilling speed of 4500 r/min and a feed rate of 50 mm/min are recommended for bone drilling under physiological conditions. Drilling quality peaks under these optimal parameter conditions. This paper proposes the optimal drilling parameters under mid- and high-speed surgical drilling, considering internal bone damage and drilling quality, which can be looked as a reference for surgeons performing orthopedic operations.

  13. Drilling Force and Temperature of Bone under Dry and Physiological Drilling Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Linlin; WANG Chengyong; JIANG Min; HE Huiyu; SONG Yuexian; CHEN Hanyuan; SHEN Jingnan; ZHANG Jiayong

    2014-01-01

    Many researches on drilling force and temperature have been done with the aim to reduce the labour intensiveness of surgery, avoid unnecessary damage and improve drilling quality. However, there has not been a systematic study of mid- and high-speed drilling under dry and physiological conditions(injection of saline). Furthermore, there is no consensus on optimal drilling parameters. To study these parameters under dry and physiological drilling conditions, pig humerus bones are drilled with medical twist drills operated using a wide range of drilling speeds and feed rates. Drilling force and temperature are measured using a YDZ-II01W dynamometer and a NEC TVS-500EX thermal infrared imager, respectively, to evaluate internal bone damage. To evaluate drilling quality, bone debris and hole morphology are observed by SEM(scanning electron microscopy). Changes in drilling force and temperature give similar results during drilling such that the value of each parameter peaks just before the drill penetrates through the osteon of the compact bone into the trabeculae of the spongy bone. Drilling temperatures under physiological conditions are much lower than those observed under dry conditions, while a larger drilling force occurs under physiological conditions than dry conditions. Drilling speed and feed rate have a significant influence on drilling force, temperature, bone debris and hole morphology. The investigation of the effect of drilling force and temperature on internal bone damage reveals that a drilling speed of 4500 r/min and a feed rate of 50 mm/min are recommended for bone drilling under physiological conditions. Drilling quality peaks under these optimal parameter conditions. This paper proposes the optimal drilling parameters under mid- and high-speed surgical drilling, considering internal bone damage and drilling quality, which can be looked as a reference for surgeons performing orthopedic operations.

  14. Analysis of Core Drilling Method Detection Technology of Pile Foundation%浅析桩基础钻芯法检测技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张巧慧

    2014-01-01

    钻芯法检测是检测方法中应用最为普遍的一种方法。本文从抽芯检测方案的制定、钻孔抽芯的施工要点、钻孔抽芯检测的质量评定等方面详细介绍了桩基础钻芯法检测技术,对于同类工程的检测具有一定的参考价值。%Core drilling detection method is the most common method. This paper introduces core drilling method detection technology from the development of core pulling detection programs, the construction elements of borehole core, and the quality assessment of borehole core testing, which has some reference value for the detection of similar projects.

  15. Molten carbonate fuel cell technology improvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-06-01

    This report summarizes the work performed under Department of Energy Contract DEAC21-87MC23270, Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Technology Improvement.'' This work was conducted over a three year period and consisted of three major efforts. The first major effort was the power plant system study which reviewed the competitive requirements for a coal gasifier/molten carbonate fuel cell power plant, produced a conceptual design of a CG/MCFC, and defined the technology development requirements. This effort is discussed in Section 1 of the report. The second major effort involved the design and development of a new MCFC cell configuration which reduced the material content of the cell to a level competitive with competing power plants, simplified the cell configuration to make the components more manufacturable and adaptable to continuous low cost processing techniques, and introduced new-low-pressure drop flow fields for both reactant gases. The new flow fields permitted the incorporation of recirculation systems in both reactant gas systems, permitting simplified cooling techniques and the ability to operate on both natural gas and a wide variety of gasifier fuels. This cell technology improvement is discussed in Section 2. The third major effort involved the scaleup of the new cell configuration to the full-area, 8-sq-ft size and resulted in components used for a 25-kW, 20-cell stack verification test. The verification test was completed with a run of 2200 hours, exceeding the goal of 2000 hours and verifying the new cell design. TWs test, in turn, provided the confidence to proceed to a 100-kW demonstration which is the goal of the subsequent DOE program. The scaleup and stack verification tests are discussed in Sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 of this report.

  16. Research and Industrial Application of Drilling Technology of Ultra-deep Wells%超深井钻井技术研究及工业化应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金成; 牛新明; 张进双

    2015-01-01

    for some wells were experienced.Since 2005, based on Sinopec’ s ultra-deep exploration and development in northeastern Sichuan Basin and Tarim Basin, through strengthening lab simulation and theoretical analysis, 7 innovation achievements are produced as fol-lows:①detailed description technology of drilling geological environmental factors with multi information comprehensive in-version;②well structure optimization design based on risk evaluation of drilling engineering;③technology of gas drilling with oversized hole and fluid conversion;④efficient rock breaking tools and the supporting technology;⑤ultra-deep horizon-tal well trajectory control technology based on conventional guided drilling;⑥ultra-high temperature and ultra-high density drilling fluid technology;⑦cementing technology of preventing gas channeling with high acid rubber latex for gas field.The field tests and industrial application are carried out on these achievements and the supporting ultra-deep well drilling tech-nologies are formed, which makes China’ s ultra-deep well drilling technology step into advanced world level.

  17. Importance of drill string assembly swivel in horizontal drilling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmund Tasak

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available A part of the drill string – the swivel (rotational connector – accomplishes an important task in the horizontal drilling. Its malfunctioning makes it impossible to draw in ( install large diameter and length pipelines. The causes of the connector break-down during the horizontal drilling are investigated in the paper. The drilling has been made for twenty inches gas pipeline installation during reaming operations. A trouble was encountered making good work conditions of a system consisting of the drilling machine drill string reamer swivel tube shield of Cardan joint and the gas pipeline 500 m long. In this case, the swivel brokes down and the planned operation was not finished. The assessment of improper drilling conditions, selection of operation system components, and drilling parameters and the insufficient technological supervising have created an excessive risk of failure. A proper application of technical analysis would considerably decrease the hazard of failure which cause large costs, delays and decrease of confidence to the drilling contractor and pipeline installation.

  18. Big hole of second section of Well Mashen-1 optimized drilling technology%马深1井二开大井眼优快钻井技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯林; 母亚军; 杨代明; 周喜勇; 汤分周

    2016-01-01

    马深1井是中石化部署在川东北通南巴构造带马路背构造高部位上的一口重点预探井,完钻井深8418 m,二开Ø444.5 mm/Ø406.4 mm 大井眼钻达4295 m,为该地区最深大井眼段。该井段以陆相地层为主,地质条件复杂,地层可钻性差,井壁不稳定以及地层软硬交错且倾角较大,且在水力参数和破岩能量等方面存在一系列问题。针对不同地层特征和岩石性质,优选了气体钻井、大扭矩螺杆+PDC、涡轮+孕镶、混合钻头、旋冲工具等多项新技术、新工具,基于动力学防斜打快理论,在保证井身质量的前提下大幅提高了机械钻速。同时,自主研制了 KCl 聚胺防塌钻井液体系,有效解决了井壁失稳的问题。%Well Mashen-1 is a keyvertical exploration well which located at high part of Malubei structure of Tongnanba structure belt and was deployed by SINOPEC. The main part of this well is continental formation.This area is with complex geological conditions, poor drillability, the problem of bore-hole stability, formation alternating hard and soft,and dip angle is bigger. And in the hydraulic pa-rameters and break-rock energy, as well as a series of problems. Through in-depth study and analysis. According to different strata char-acteristics and rock properties, the application of gas drilling, high torque screw + PDC, turbine + impregnated diamond bit, hybrid bit and rotary percussion tool such as new drilling technology and new tools are optimized. Based on the theory of dynamic anti oblique and fast drilling.Ensure wellbore quality and effectively improve mechanical drilling speed. At the same time, adopted the self-developed KCl polyamine an-ti-cavingcapacities drilling fluid system. This technique successfully cope with the wellbore instability.

  19. 试析钻井废弃泥浆无害化处理技术%Analysis of waste drilling mud sound processing technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李显洲

    2016-01-01

    随着社会的发展和科技的进步,油气田钻井工程在不断发展。泥浆无害化处理技术是当代油气田钻井中广泛使用的一种技术。但在施工的过程中,废弃泥浆会由于风干时间长等原因,出现环境污染等一系列问题,这就要求技术人员提前制订合理的计划方案,做好钻井废弃泥浆的无害化处理工作。%With the development of society and technology,oil and gas drilling in the continuous development.Mud is a contemporary type of drilling oil and gas fields are widely used.But in the construction process,waste mud due to a long time to dry and other reasons,there was a series of cases of environmental pollution,which requires skill in earlier plan for a reasonable,good sound processing waste drilling mud.

  20. Contamination effects of drilling fluid additives on cement slurry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youzhi Zheng

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available During the cementation of deep wells, contamination at the contact surface between cement slurry and drilling fluid will present a technical challenge, which may threaten operation safety. To deal with the problem, lab tests and analysis were performed specifically on the compatibility of fluids during cementation in Sichuan and Chongqing gas fields. Impacts of commonly used additives for drilling fluids were determined on fluidity and thickening time of conventional cement slurry. Through the infrared spectrum analysis, SEM and XRD, infrared spectrum data of kalium polyacrylamide (KPAM and bio-viscosifier were obtained, together with infrared spectrum, SEM and XRD data of cement slurry with additives. Contamination mechanisms of the cement slurry by conventional additives for drilling fluid were reviewed. Test results show that both KPAM and bio-viscosifier are such high-molecular materials that the long chains in these materials may easily absorb cement particles in the slurry to form mixed network structures; as a result, cement particles were prone to agglomeration and eventually lost their pumpability. Finally, assessment of and testing methods for the contamination effects of drilling fluid additives on cement slurry were further improved to form standards and codes that may help solve the said problems. This study will provide technological supports for the preparation of drilling fluids with desirable properties prior to cementation, the selection of optimal drilling fluids additives, and the development of innovative drilling fluids additives.

  1. 河南新蔡焦庄铁矿区预查 ZK001孔超厚覆盖层钻进技术%Drilling Technology of Over-thick Overburden Layer Drilling in Pre-detecting Hole in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东兴

    2013-01-01

    A drill sticking accident caused ZK001 borehole abandonment in Jiaozhuang iron ore area of Henan, the con-struction technology was improved by using proper equipment and high-quality mud, the final hole with depth of 1115.72m was reached with good technical indexes.Analysis is made on the borehole structure, drilling methods and properties of flushing fluid;the problems appeared in the construction and the countermeasures are briefly discussed.%河南新蔡县焦庄铁矿区ZK001钻孔在厚大覆盖层施工中因粘滞卡钻事故,导致钻孔报废。重新开孔后,吸取前期事故教训,更换适合地层的设备,采用优质泥浆,改进施工工艺,采取有效措施,于孔深1115.72 m时,达到地质目的而终孔,各项技术指标优秀。从钻孔结构、钻进方法、冲洗液性能等方面进行了分析,简述了施工中出现的问题及应对措施。

  2. Real Time Seismic Prediction while Drilling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling, F. R.; Bohlen, T.; Edelmann, T.; Kassel, A.; Heim, A.; Gehring, M.; Lüth, S.; Giese, R.; Jaksch, K.; Rechlin, A.; Kopf, M.; Stahlmann, J.; Gattermann, J.; Bruns, B.

    2009-12-01

    Efficient and safe drilling is a prerequisite to enhance the mobility of people and goods, to improve the traffic as well as utility infrastructure of growing megacities, and to ensure the growing energy demand while building geothermal and in hydroelectric power plants. Construction within the underground is often building within the unknown. An enhanced risk potential for people and the underground building may arise if drilling enters fracture zones, karsts, brittle rocks, mixed solid and soft rocks, caves, or anthropogenic obstacles. Knowing about the material behavior ahead of the drilling allows reducing the risk during drilling and construction operation. In drilling operations direct observations from boreholes can be complemented with geophysical investigations. In this presentation we focus on “real time” seismic prediction while drilling which is seen as a prerequisite while using geophysical methods in modern drilling operations. In solid rocks P- and S-wave velocity, refraction and reflection as well as seismic wave attenuation can be used for the interpretation of structures ahead of the drilling. An Integrated Seismic Imaging System (ISIS) for exploration ahead of a construction is used, where a pneumatic hammer or a magnetostrictive vibration source generate repetitive signals behind the tunneling machine. Tube waves are generated which travel along the tunnel to the working face. There the tube waves are converted to mainly S- but also P-Waves which interact with the formation ahead of the heading face. The reflected or refracted waves travel back to the working front are converted back to tube waves and recorded using three-component geophones which are fit into the tips of anchor rods. In near real time, the ISIS software allows for an integrated 3D imaging and interpretation of the observed data, geological and geotechnical parameters. Fracture zones, heterogeneities, and variations in the rock properties can be revealed during the drilling

  3. Technology of the transformation of gas and liquid for the drilling fluid in well Yuanlu-171%元陆171井气液转换钻井液技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪松

    2015-01-01

    The author summarized the technology of the transformation of gas and liquid for the drilling fluid in well Yuanlu-171.The application results show that the drilling period was reduced by selecting appropriate drilling fluid system and making effective measures.%综述了元陆171井气液转换钻井技术.应用结果表明,选择合适的体系和制定有效的转换措施可以极大减少钻井周期.

  4. ADOPTION OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY IN ETHIOPIA By

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Etsub [ ETSUB

    technologies are properly transferred and disseminated to farmers so as to deepen ... agricultural technology need to have the capacity to carry out studies that ... responsible for adoption patterns and risk taking behaviour are known in ...

  5. STIMULATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEEP WELL COMPLETIONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephen Wolhart

    2003-06-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring a Deep Trek Program targeted at improving the economics of drilling and completing deep gas wells. Under the DOE program, Pinnacle Technologies is conducting a project to evaluate the stimulation of deep wells. The objective of the project is to assess U.S. deep well drilling & stimulation activity, review rock mechanics & fracture growth in deep, high pressure/temperature wells and evaluate stimulation technology in several key deep plays. Phase 1 was recently completed and consisted of assessing deep gas well drilling activity (1995-2007) and an industry survey on deep gas well stimulation practices by region. Of the 29,000 oil, gas and dry holes drilled in 2002, about 300 were drilled in the deep well; 25% were dry, 50% were high temperature/high pressure completions and 25% were simply deep completions. South Texas has about 30% of these wells, Oklahoma 20%, Gulf of Mexico Shelf 15% and the Gulf Coast about 15%. The Rockies represent only 2% of deep drilling. Of the 60 operators who drill deep and HTHP wells, the top 20 drill almost 80% of the wells. Six operators drill half the U.S. deep wells. Deep drilling peaked at 425 wells in 1998 and fell to 250 in 1999. Drilling is expected to rise through 2004 after which drilling should cycle down as overall drilling declines.

  6. Evacuation drill at CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    Niels Dupont-Sagorin and Christoph Schaefer

    2012-01-01

    Training personnel, including evacuation guides and shifters, checking procedures, improving collaboration with the CERN Fire Brigade: the first real-life evacuation drill at CMS took place on Friday 3 February from 12p.m. to 3p.m. in the two caverns located at Point 5 of the LHC.   CERN personnel during the evacuation drill at CMS. Evacuation drills are required by law and have to be organized periodically in all areas of CERN, both above and below ground. The last drill at CMS, which took place in June 2007, revealed some desiderata, most notably the need for a public address system. With this equipment in place, it is now possible to broadcast audio messages from the CMS control room to the underground areas.   The CMS Technical Coordination Team and the GLIMOS have focused particularly on preparing collaborators for emergency situations by providing training and organizing regular safety drills with the HSE Unit and the CERN Fire Brigade. This Friday, the practical traini...

  7. 套管钻井技术在委内瑞拉ZM-351井的应用%Application of casing drilling technology in ZM-351 well in Venezuela

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于顺明; 常淑敏

    2009-01-01

    ZM-351 is one experimental surface casing drilling well with diameter of 339.7 mm, which is located in block CAMPO MATA, Anaco Oil Filed of PDVSA. The well adopts the advanced international casing drilling technology, i.e. top drill lock assembly & bottom drill lock device. Compared with the close wells that are the same well structure and at the same block, the ZM-351 well completion time is shortened, the cost is reduced, and fully showing the advantage of casing drilling. The thesis describes ZM-351 casing drilling process, casing drilling key technology, drilling rig selection and its accessories and etc. so as to provide some experience for casing drilling in China.%ZM-351井是委内瑞拉国家石油公司PDVSA在东部ANACO油田CAMPO MATA区块的一口Φ339.7 mm套管钻井技术试验井.该井采用了国际先进的套管钻井顶部缩紧总成和底部缩紧装置,成功地完成了Φ339.7mm套管钻井技术试验,与相同区块、相同井身结构的临井相比,大大缩短了钻井周期,降低了钻井成本,充分体现了套管钻井技术的优越性.详细介绍了ZM-351井套管钻井工艺、套管钻井关键技术、钻机选型和设备配套等情况,为国内推广应用套管钻井技术提供了经验.

  8. 江苏油田易塌地层分类及泥浆技术的研究%STUDY ON THE CLASSIFICATION ON INSTABLE FORMATION AND DRILLING FLUID TECHNOLOGY IN JIANGSU OIL FIELD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛芸

    2001-01-01

    地层矿物组分、理化性能分析是整个泥浆工作中一项极为重要的基础工作。在对江苏地区主要勘探开发区块地层的岩心矿物组分和理化性能分析的基础上,进行地层分类及地层泥浆技术及工艺的适应性研究,制定出富民等32个区块的泥浆技术方案,解决了一些地区的垮塌问题,尤其是近年来在崔庄、码头庄会战中,大大减少复杂事故的发生,缩短了钻井周期、完井周期、保护了油气层。%Analysis of mineral composition,physical and chemical properties on instable formation rock in an important work in the study of drilling fluid.This paper reviews formation classification on the basis of analysis on the mineral composition,physical-chemical properties for formation rock of main regions of exploration and exploitation in Jiangsu oil field.Drilling fluid technology suitable to the formation is studied and standard design and technical schemes of drilling fluid for 32 oil fields are established.Field testing of 813 wells shows that problem of instable wellbore has been considerably improved.

  9. Anti-corrosion Technology for Offshore Drilling Platform Fasteners%海洋平台紧固件防腐工艺探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建勋; 徐红九; 刘宏亮; 王明磊

    2013-01-01

    To achieve long and effective anti-corrosion of fasteners and standard parts of offshore drilling platforms and to solve the problem of corrosion caused by severe environment, the anti-corrosion technology of the KK1 # composite coating was proposed. The technology adopts the composite coating of " electrolytic zinc and Xylan paint" . It makes use of the self-lubricating property of the Xylan 1424 water paint dry film and the characteristic of frictional factor between 0. 05 and 0. 10. It has the advanced anti-salt spray corrosion performance and very strong anti-acid rain performance and anti-chemical corrosion performance. Compared with galvanized coating, KK1# composite coating improves anti-corrosion capacity remarkably. As for black oxide fasteners, the torsion has been reduced by 70% . It has anti-seizure and anti-deformation functions. The test findings of the anti-corrosion coating show that after 2 500 hours of salt spray resistance test, the component with KK1# composite coating has 33% of white rust area and less than 1 % of red rust area. The latter goes far beyond and thus desirably satisfies the requirement that red rust area should be less than 15% of the total.%为了实现海洋平台紧固件和标准件的长效防腐,解决恶劣环境带来的腐蚀问题,提出了KK1#复合涂层防腐工艺.该工艺采用“电镀锌+Xylan狮隆涂料”复合涂层,利用了Xylan 1424水性涂料的干膜自润滑性能和摩擦因数在0.05 ~0.10之间的特性,具有优越的防盐雾腐蚀性能,极强的抗酸雨性能以及防化学腐蚀性能.相比镀锌涂层,KK1#复合涂层能大幅提高防腐蚀能力,相对于发黑紧固件,减小扭矩高达70%,具有防咬死、防变形功能.防腐涂层测试结果表明,涂有KK1#复合涂层的构件耐盐雾试验2 500 h后,白锈面积33%,红锈面积小于1%,远超出红锈面积不大于15%的要求.

  10. Virtual Simulation Technology of Semi Submersible Drilling Platform Based on VRML%基于VRML的半潜式海洋平台虚拟仿真技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐明侠; 黄鲁蒙; 许亮斌

    2011-01-01

    There are enormous investment and less domestic offshore platforms in offshore oil development. Staff is not more familiar in deep water drilling technology. In order to overcome the difficulty of staff training, VRML-based semi submersible drilling platform of the virtual tour scene is presented. SolidWorks software of modeling capabilities combined with VRML software of virtual reality modeling language. The technology point of view,sound modeling,VRML nodes of their animation scripting languages such as JavaScript is integrated to use. The main operation of drilling process is simulated,and vivid scene virtual tour to learn having realized.%针对海洋石油开发投资极大,国内海洋平台较少,工作人员对深水钻井工艺较陌生,人员培训费时费力等问题,提出了构建基于VRML的半潜式海洋平台虚拟漫游场景.结合三维软件Solid-Works建模能力与虚拟现实语言VRML强大的仿真能力,综合运用视点技术、声音建模技术、VRML自身的动画节点和JavaScript脚本语言等,实现了海洋钻井主要操作过程的仿真,构建一个生动直观、丰富多彩的虚拟漫游学习场景.

  11. Direction of drilling wells. Wiercenie otworow kierunkowych

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szostak, L.

    1980-01-01

    In the example of the most widespread drilling of vertical wells, an examination is made of the mining-geological and technical-technological reasons and methods for evaluating the amount of their twisting. Methods are presented for stabilizing the drilling shaft, features of drilling vertical wells by turbodrills and groups of wells for freezing rocks. Characteristics are presented for the features of directional drilling, model profiles of directed wells, drilling of wells with assigned deviation of the face from the vertical axis. Possibilities are indicated for controlling the trajectory of movement of the face of the well with the rotary method of drilling, in particular, with the use of a deviating wedge, cement plug, etc., methods of drilling inclined wells on cased and uncased sections. Features are examined of creating and controlling the inclination of a well with the use of turbodrills of different design, technology of drilling and casing of multiple-face wells, drilling of a fan of wells from one position of the drilling unit, for example, with unfavorable relief of the earth's surface and drilling of offshore wells by using floating drilling units.

  12. Smaller Footprint Drilling System for Deep and Hard Rock Environments; Feasibility of Ultra-High-Speed Diamond Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    TerraTek, A Schlumberger Company

    2008-12-31

    The two phase program addresses long-term developments in deep well and hard rock drilling. TerraTek believes that significant improvements in drilling deep hard rock will be obtained by applying ultra-high rotational speeds (greater than 10,000 rpm). The work includes a feasibility of concept research effort aimed at development that will ultimately result in the ability to reliably drill 'faster and deeper' possibly with smaller, more mobile rigs. The principle focus is on demonstration testing of diamond bits rotating at speeds in excess of 10,000 rpm to achieve high rate of penetration (ROP) rock cutting with substantially lower inputs of energy and loads. The significance of the 'ultra-high rotary speed drilling system' is the ability to drill into rock at very low weights on bit and possibly lower energy levels. The drilling and coring industry today does not practice this technology. The highest rotary speed systems in oil field and mining drilling and coring today run less than 10,000 rpm - usually well below 5,000 rpm. This document provides the progress through two phases of the program entitled 'Smaller Footprint Drilling System for Deep and Hard Rock Environments: Feasibility of Ultra-High-Speed Diamond Drilling' for the period starting 30 June 2003 and concluding 31 March 2009. The accomplishments of Phases 1 and 2 are summarized as follows: (1) TerraTek reviewed applicable literature and documentation and convened a project kick-off meeting with Industry Advisors in attendance (see Black and Judzis); (2) TerraTek designed and planned Phase I bench scale experiments (See Black and Judzis). Improvements were made to the loading mechanism and the rotational speed monitoring instrumentation. New drill bit designs were developed to provided a more consistent product with consistent performance. A test matrix for the final core bit testing program was completed; (3) TerraTek concluded small-scale cutting performance tests; (4

  13. 定向钻进及随钻测量技术在充填孔施工中的应用%Application of Directional Drilling and MWD Technology in the Filling Hole Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红文

    2015-01-01

    Filling hole is a kind of vertical drilling hole with high precision, drilling hole trajectory can not be controlled by the conventional drilling method under the conditions of formation deflection-promoting and large natural bending.By using directional drilling and MWD technology, the drilling trajectory in the whole construction process can be monitored and ex-tended according to the trajectory design.The paper introduces the design of directional drilling, MWD, drilling hole straightening and sidetracking in the filling hole construction.%充填钻孔是一种高精度垂直孔,地层促斜、钻孔自然弯曲率较大时,常规钻进方法难以控制钻孔轨迹。在施工中应用定向钻进及随钻测量技术,则可以对钻孔实施全程轨迹监控,使其按照设计轨迹延伸。主要介绍了广西华锡集团股份有限公司铜坑矿将充填站充填孔施工中定向钻进设计、随钻测量、纠斜、侧钻等技术及工艺等。

  14. Improving Information Technology Curriculum Learning Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derrick L Anderson

    2017-06-01

    The case study research methodology has been selected to conduct the inquiry into this phenomenon. This empirical inquiry facilitates exploration of a contemporary phenomenon in depth within its real-life context using a variety of data sources. The subject of analysis will be two Information Technology classes composed of a combination of second year and third year students; both classes have six students, the same six students. Contribution It is the purpose of this research to show that the use of improved approaches to learning will produce more desirable learning outcomes. Findings The results of this inquiry clearly show that the use of the traditional behaviorist based pedagogic model to achieve college and university IT program learning outcomes is not as effective as a more constructivist based andragogic model. Recommendations Instruction based purely on either of these does a disservice to the typical college and university level learner. The correct approach lies somewhere in between them; the most successful outcome attainment would be the product of incorporating the best of both. Impact on Society Instructional strategies produce learning outcomes; learning outcomes demonstrate what knowledge has been acquired. Acquired knowledge is used by students as they pursue professional careers and other ventures in life. Future Research Learning and teaching approaches are not “one-size-fits-all” propositions; different strategies are appropriate for different circumstances and situations. Additional research should seek to introduce vehicles that will move learners away from one the traditional methodology that has been used throughout much of their educational careers to an approach that is better suited to equip them with the skills necessary to meet the challenges awaiting them in the professional world.

  15. Improving Software Guidance for Technology Readiness Assessments (TRA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    Systems & Software Technology Conference Improving Software Guidance for Technology Readiness Assessments (TRA) 29 April 2010 Mike Nicol...APR 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Improving Software Guidance for Technology Readiness...Presented at the 22nd Systems and Software Technology Conference (SSTC), 26-29 April 2010, Salt Lake City, UT. 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS

  16. Prediction and improvement of the solid particles transfer rate for the bulk handing system design of offshore drilling vessels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mincheol Ryu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Numerous experiments with a scaled pilot facility were carried out to compare the relative bulk transfer performance of three special devices for applications to drilling systems. The pipe diameter for bulk transportation was 3 in., which corresponds to around half of the actual system dimensions. Two different pressures, 3 and 4 bar, were considered to check the relative performance under different pressure conditions at a bulk storage tank. And to make a practical estimation method of the bulk transfer rate at the early design stages of the bulk handling system, a series of experiments were conducted for real scaled bulk handing systems of two drilling vessels. The pressure drops at each pipe element as well as the bulk transfer rates were measured under different operating conditions. Using the measured results, the friction factor for each pipe element was calculated and a procedure for transfer rate estimation was developed. Compared to the measured transfer rate results for other drilling vessels, the estimated transfer rates were within a maximum 15% error bound.

  17. 高温小井眼长水平段钻井液技术%Drilling Fluid Technology of Well LongshenlHl

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新发; 周保国; 刘金利; 王发利; 郭新辉

    2012-01-01

    Gas exists richly in fractured volcanic rock of the Yingcheng group in Yingtai gas field of Jilin oilfield, and the reservoir is deep with the highest temperature of 140 ℃. The well LongshenlHl, located in this block, is drilled with some difficulties, such as long small horizontal section hole of 1,122 m with the finish drilled depth 4,048 m, big friction, high annulus pressure loss, low return velocity, hard carrying cuttings, long drilling period and many complex situations. Consequently, a kind of surfactant is optimized to improve lubricity, protect reservoirs and make wellbore stable. The application of this drilling fluid system with the surfactant shows that it can satisfy the demand of fast drilling of well Longshen1H1, which makes a record of the longest horizontal section well in Jilin oilfield.%吉林油田英台气田营城组裂缝性火山岩富含天然气,埋藏深,储层温度最高达140℃.该区块部署的评价井龙深1平1井属小井眼长水平段水平井,完钻井深为4048 m,1122m的小井眼长水平段钻进摩擦阻力大,环空压耗大、返速低,携屑难度大,钻井周期长,易引起井下复杂情况.因此,优选出了表面活性剂,可改善钻井液的润滑防卡能力、储层保护能力和稳定井壁能力.最终形成的抗高温聚合物钻井液在高温条件下具有较好的流变性能、润滑性能、抑制能力和储层保护效果,携屑能力强,滤失量小,满足龙深1平1并优快施工需求,实现了吉林油田深层水平井水平段最长记录.

  18. The Horizontal Well Drilling Parameter Optimization Design Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Yan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended-reach drilling technology has rapidly developed during the past three decades. It requires improved new models and technology. This study has created a rapid optimum method to design the horizontal well drilling parameters. Genetic Algorithm is applied in this method to optimize the parameters such WOB, RPM. According to practical situation, the suitable fitness function and value of operators of GA are given and reasonable convergence delay-independent conditions are set. Based on the intelligence and global quick search of GA and the convergence of GA, the design parameters can be globally optimized quickly and accurately. An example is taken to prove that the application of GA in the field of drilling parameters is successful. This optimization method based on GA can provide guide for field design.

  19. A Technology Approach to Improving Process Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dray, Lori; Strasburger, Tom

    2013-01-01

    It is impossible to ignore how technology is infiltrating education. Interactive projectors and other technologies give teachers and students the opportunity to bring lessons to life. Some districts are replacing textbooks with digital content, allowing students to interact with content in new ways. Galion City School District in Galion, Ohio, is…

  20. Capture technologies: Improvements and promising developments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blomen, E.; Hendriks, C.; Neele, F.

    2009-01-01

    In this status report we want to provide a comprehensive overview of the current status and promising technologies of CO2 capture by means of a literature review, in-house knowledge and interviews. We describe the technology, bottlenecks towards implementation and potential use. The results will be

  1. Improving primary health care through technological innovation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenewegen, P.P.; Hutten, J.B.F.

    1989-01-01

    As a result of policy changes and developments on the demand side, the importance of technology in primary health care will grow fast. An approach to the implementation of new technologies in primary health care is presented in this article. First we describe the main problems in Dutch primary healt

  2. 渤海油田低效井侧钻技术应用前景分析%Application Prospect of Sidetrack Drilling Technology for Inefficient Wells in Bohai Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓鹏; 韩耀图

    2015-01-01

    渤海油田目前低效井越来越多.新钻调整井或治理低效井面临着成本高、手段单一等难题.针对此问题,通过分析渤海油田稳产现状、剩余油分布规律,提出了低效井侧钻的必要性.根据渤海油田钻完井技术水平,提出了利用平台现有修井机进行低效井侧钻中短半径井眼的低成本侧钻思路,分析了钻完井方案可行性,评估了修井机作业能力.研究结果显示,渤海常规的φ152.4mm钻头+动力钻具+随钻测井工具(LWD+MWD)+非磁钻铤+震击器+钻杆的钻具组合可实现10°/30m以下的造斜率要求.优化的侧钻小井眼的井身结构和完井防砂技术方案适用于渤海油田的侧钻井作业.目前海洋修井机从提升能力、最大扭矩、水力清洁等方面均能满足侧钻井要求,海上平台现有修井机进行低效井中短半径井眼的侧钻作业在渤海油田具有可行性.结合具体实例进行了低效井侧钻技术应用经济效益评估,侧钻中短半径井眼技术及优化管理措施可大幅度降低钻井成本,提高经济效益.%There are more and more low-production wells in Bohai Oilfield. At present, drilling adjustment wells or admin-istering inefficient wells are faced with such problems as high cost and less means. For this, we analyzed production status and residual oil distribution of the Oilfield, and found it necessary to use sidetrack drilling technology for inefficient well drilling. According to the drilling and completion technology, we proposed to use workover rig for sidetracking of middle-short radius wells, analyzed the feasibility of drilling and completion programs, and evaluated the marine workover rig ca-pacity. It was shown that the conventional drilling assembly of φ152.4mm drill bit+motor+logging while drilling tool ( LWD+MWD) +non-magnetic drill collar+jar+drill pipe could achieve the build-up rate below 10°/30m. The optimized well-bore configuration of sidetracking slim hole and

  3. Technology Deployment to Improve Clinical Outcomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TM Judd; L Jacobs; M Jansen; B Birch

    2016-01-01

    Improved child, newborn, and maternal health (CNM) is a top priority in developing countries. Many factors must be addressed simultaneously to improve clinical outcomes for CNM. A public-private project in Haiti that will deploy the World Health Organization (WHO) evidence-based medicine (EBM) and essential interventions utilizing CNM healthcare technologies (HT), is expected to be a model for improving national health systems. The CNM mortality rates in Haiti are the highest in the western hemisphere with rates similar to those found in Afghanistan and several African countries. Several factors perpetuating this crisis are noted, as well as the most cost-effective interventions proven to decrease CNM mortality rates in low-and middle-income countries. To create major change in health system infrastructure, two strategies are presented, requiring appropriate and leading-edge health technologies (HT),e.g., wireless cellular-network-based Telemedicine (TM): (1) Development of a countrywide network of geographical“Community Care Grids” to facilitate implementation of frontline interventions; (2) The construction of a central hospital (called Bethesda Referral and Teaching Hospital-BRTH NGO) that will provide secondary and tertiary care for communities throughout the country, including helping local hospitals and clinics practice EBM care. We believe that these strategies-supported by HT will fast track improvement in CNM mortality rates throughout the country and that in a relatively short period of time Haiti’s health care system will be among the leaders in the region. Primary factors contributing to the CNM crisis, all addressed by TM: (1) Limited access: demographics, geography, cost, transportation; (2) Inadequate health care facilities: less than 20 NICU beds for 10 million population; BRTH to provide 80 bed NICU and 40 bed PICU in 225 bed hospital; (3) Health care practitioners: inadequate numbers and training; (4) Low% of skilled attendants now at

  4. Microgravity Drill and Anchor System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parness, Aaron; Frost, Matthew A.; King, Jonathan P.

    2013-01-01

    This work is a method to drill into a rock surface regardless of the gravitational field or orientation. The required weight-on-bit (WOB) is supplied by a self-contained anchoring mechanism. The system includes a rotary percussive coring drill, forming a complete sampling instrument usable by robot or human. This method of in situ sample acquisition using micro - spine anchoring technology enables several NASA mission concepts not currently possible with existing technology, including sampling from consolidated rock on asteroids, providing a bolt network for astronauts visiting a near-Earth asteroid, and sampling from the ceilings or vertical walls of lava tubes and cliff faces on Mars. One of the most fundamental parameters of drilling is the WOB; essentially, the load applied to the bit that allows it to cut, creating a reaction force normal to the surface. In every drilling application, there is a minimum WOB that must be maintained for the system to function properly. In microgravity (asteroids and comets), even a small WOB could not be supported conventionally by the weight of the robot or astronaut. An anchoring mechanism would be needed to resist the reactions, or the robot or astronaut would push themselves off the surface and into space. The ability of the system to anchor itself to a surface creates potential applications that reach beyond use in low gravity. The use of these anchoring mechanisms as end effectors on climbing robots has the potential of vastly expanding the scope of what is considered accessible terrain. Further, because the drill is supported by its own anchor rather than by a robotic arm, the workspace is not constrained by the reach of such an arm. Yet, if the drill is on a robotic arm, it has the benefit of not reflecting the forces of drilling back to the arm s joints. Combining the drill with the anchoring feet will create a highly mobile, highly stable, and highly reliable system. The drilling system s anchor uses hundreds of

  5. Geothermal well drilling manual at Cerro Prieto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez P., A.; Flores S., M.

    1982-08-10

    The objective of the drilling manual is to solve all problems directly related to drilling during the construction of a well. In this case, the topics dealt which are drilling fluids and hydraulics to be applied in the field to improve drilling progress, eliminate risks and achieve good well-completion. There are other topics that are applicable such as drill bits and the drilling string, which are closely linked to drilling progress. On this occasion drilling fluid and hydraulics programs are presented, in addition to a computing program for a Casio FX-502P calculator to be applied in the field to optimize hydraulics and in the analysis of hydraulics for development and exploration wells at their different intervals.

  6. Status Report A Review of Slimhole Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Tao; Carroll, Herbert B.

    1994-09-01

    This 1994 report reviews the various applications of slimhole technology including for exploration in remote areas, low-cost development wells, reentering existing wells, and horizontal and multilateral drilling. Advantages of slimholes to regular holes are presented. Limitations and disadvantages of slimholes are also discussed. In 1994, slimhole drilling was still an ongoing development technology. (DJE 2005)

  7. HIGH-POWER TURBODRILL AND DRILL BIT FOR DRILLING WITH COILED TUBING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert Radtke; David Glowka; Man Mohan Rai; David Conroy; Tim Beaton; Rocky Seale; Joseph Hanna; Smith Neyrfor; Homer Robertson

    2008-03-31

    Commercial introduction of Microhole Technology to the gas and oil drilling industry requires an effective downhole drive mechanism which operates efficiently at relatively high RPM and low bit weight for delivering efficient power to the special high RPM drill bit for ensuring both high penetration rate and long bit life. This project entails developing and testing a more efficient 2-7/8 in. diameter Turbodrill and a novel 4-1/8 in. diameter drill bit for drilling with coiled tubing. The high-power Turbodrill were developed to deliver efficient power, and the more durable drill bit employed high-temperature cutters that can more effectively drill hard and abrasive rock. This project teams Schlumberger Smith Neyrfor and Smith Bits, and NASA AMES Research Center with Technology International, Inc (TII), to deliver a downhole, hydraulically-driven power unit, matched with a custom drill bit designed to drill 4-1/8 in. boreholes with a purpose-built coiled tubing rig. The U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory has funded Technology International Inc. Houston, Texas to develop a higher power Turbodrill and drill bit for use in drilling with a coiled tubing unit. This project entails developing and testing an effective downhole drive mechanism and a novel drill bit for drilling 'microholes' with coiled tubing. The new higher power Turbodrill is shorter, delivers power more efficiently, operates at relatively high revolutions per minute, and requires low weight on bit. The more durable thermally stable diamond drill bit employs high-temperature TSP (thermally stable) diamond cutters that can more effectively drill hard and abrasive rock. Expectations are that widespread adoption of microhole technology could spawn a wave of 'infill development' drilling of wells spaced between existing wells, which could tap potentially billions of barrels of bypassed oil at shallow depths in mature producing areas. At the same time, microhole

  8. Present Situation of the Anti-typhoon Drilling Riser Technology and Analysis of Its Applicability%防台风钻井隔水管技术现状及适用性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀全; 陈国明; 雒晓康; 杨焕丽; 畅元江

    2013-01-01

    With the development of deepwater petroleum in the South China Sea, the frequent typhoons in the region cause serious accidents with deepwater drilling risers. As a result remarkable loss arises and an effective typhoon protection drilling riser needs to be developed in order to improve offshore drilling safety. Therefore, the development history and application of the riser system were expounded in the paper. The key technologies of near sea surface divorcement assembly and buoyancy tank technology were introduced in detail. The riser operation technology was also introduced with regard to the installing process of the riser, the process of emergency divorcement and the tieback process. Taking some well in the South China Sea as an example, an analysis of the riser applicability was conducted. The findings show that compared with the conventional riser, the anti-typhoon riser has a slightly smaller operation window of connection drilling and it basically does not affect the normal connection drilling performance of the riser. The riser can maintain the structural completeness when the typhoon occurs in the sea with a desirable performance of typhoon protection. Meanwhile, the riser remarkably reduces the operation time and costs.%随着我国南海深水油气的开发,频发的南海台风导致深水钻井隔水管出现严重事故,造成较大损失,需要开发一种有效的防台风钻井隔水管以提高海上钻井安全.为此,阐述了防台风钻井隔水管系统的发展历程及应用情况,详细介绍近海面脱离总成和浮力罐系统2个关键技术,从防台风钻井隔水管安装过程、紧急脱离过程和回接过程3个方面介绍防台风钻井隔水管作业技术.以我国南海某井为例进行了防台风钻井隔水管适用性分析.分析结果表明,与常规钻井隔水管相比,防台风钻井隔水管的连接钻井作业窗口稍微偏小,基本不影响正常钻井性能;在南海台风条件下

  9. Long hole waterjet drilling for gas drainage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matt Stockwell; M. Gledhill; S. Hildebrand; S. Adam; Tim Meyer [CMTE (Australia)

    2003-04-01

    In-seam drilling for gas drainage is now an essential part of operations at many Australian underground coalmines. The objective of this project is to develop and trial a new drilling method for the accurate and efficient installation of long inseam boreholes (>1000 metres). This involves the integration of pure water-jet drilling technology (i.e. not water-jet assisted rotary drilling) developed by CMTE with conventional directional drilling technology. The system was similar to conventional directional drilling methods, but instead of relying on a down-hole-motor (DHM) rotating a mechanical drill bit for cutting, high pressure water-jets were used. The testing of the system did not achieve the full objectives set down in the project plan. A borehole greater than 1000 metres was not achieved. The first trial site had coal that was weathered, oxidized and dry. These conditions significantly affected the ability of the drilling tool to stay 'in-seam'. Due to the poor conditions at the first trial, many experimental objectives were forwarded to the second field trial. In the second trial drilling difficulties were experienced, this was due to the interaction between the confinement of the borehole and the dimensions of the down hole drilling assembly. This ultimately reduced the productivity of the system and the distance that could be drilled within the specified trial periods. Testing in the first field trial did not show any indication that the system would have this difficulty.

  10. Improving diabetes management with mobile health technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieverdes, John C; Treiber, Frank; Jenkins, Carolyn

    2013-04-01

    Diabetes affects 25.8 million persons in the United States, and these persons make more than 35 million ambulatory care visits annually. Yet, less than half of persons with diabetes meet the recommended levels of A1C, blood pressure and lipid control. One innovative approach is to use mobile health technologies to help patients better manage their diabetes and related conditions, and 85% to 90% of patients have access to mobile health technology. A brief review of the guidelines for diabetes care and mobile health technology that can support the guidelines are reported related to (1) glycemic control and self-monitoring of blood glucose, (2) pharmacological approaches and medication management, (3) medical nutrition therapy, (4) physical activity and resistance training, (5) weight loss, (6) diabetes self-management education and (7) blood pressure control and hypertension. The patient and provider are encouraged to explore possibilities for mobile health technologies that can support behavior change.

  11. Certifying personal protective technologies: improving worker safety

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cohen, Howard J; Liverman, Catharyn T

    .... For personal protective technologies (PPT)--where the major purpose of the product is to protect the wearer against a hazard--a deficit in product effectiveness can mean injury, illness, or death...

  12. Modeling of Drilling Forces Based on Twist Drill Point Angles Using Multigene Genetic Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myong-Il Kim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model was developed for predicting the influence of the drill point angles on the cutting forces in drilling with the twist drills, which was used to optimize those angles for reducing drilling forces. The approach was based on multigene genetic programming, for the training data, the grinding tests of twist drill were firstly conducted for the different drill point angles in Biglide parallel machine, and then drilling tests were performed on carbon fiber reinforced plastics using the grinded drills. The effectiveness of the proposed approach was verified through comparing with published data. It was found that the proposed model agreed well with the experimental data and was useful for improving the performance of twist drill.

  13. Electrotechnical complex of drill rig with adjustable electric drives

    OpenAIRE

    Nikulin Oleg; Shabanov Vitaliy

    2017-01-01

    The paper considers the electrotechnical complex of a drill rig with adjustable electric drives of the main mechanisms. A computer model has been developed for the electrical complex of the drill rig, which allows studying processes in case of interruptions in the power supply system, changes in the technological parameters of drilling, etc. The article presents the simulation results for short circuits in the power supply system of the drilling rig and for drilling a well.

  14. Electrotechnical complex of drill rig with adjustable electric drives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikulin Oleg

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the electrotechnical complex of a drill rig with adjustable electric drives of the main mechanisms. A computer model has been developed for the electrical complex of the drill rig, which allows studying processes in case of interruptions in the power supply system, changes in the technological parameters of drilling, etc. The article presents the simulation results for short circuits in the power supply system of the drilling rig and for drilling a well.

  15. DYNAMIC MODELLING OF VIBRATIONS ASSISTED DRILLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu LADONNE

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The number of multi-materials staking configurations for aeronautical structures is increasing, with the evolution of composite and metallic materials. For drilling the fastening holes, the processes of Vibration Assisted Drilling (VAD expand rapidly, as it permits to improve reliability of drilling operations on multilayer structures. Among these processes of VAD, the solution with forced vibrations added to conventional feed to create a discontinuous cutting is the more developed in industry. The back and forth movement allows to improve the evacuation of chips by breaking it. This technology introduces two new operating parameters, the frequency and the amplitude of the oscillation. To optimize the process, the choice of those parameters requires first to model precisely the operation cutting and dynamics. In this paper, a kinematic modelling of the process is firstly proposed. The limits of the model are analysed through comparison between simulations and measurements. The proposed model is used to develop a cutting force model that allows foreseeing the operating conditions which ensure good chips breaking and tool life improvement.

  16. Heliportable drilling in the 21. century

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Argue, F. [Academy Services, Calgary, AB (Canada); Korach, D. [Nabors Alaska, Anchorage, AK (United States); Read, M. [Nabors Canada, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2008-07-01

    The access season for conventional ice roads has been reduced. Therefore, efficient drilling programs are required for a short winter drilling, and long wells are not able to compete in one season. Heliportable drilling provides non-ice access. This presentation outlined the merits of heliportable drilling in the twenty-first century. Conventional heliportable drilling was discussed and several images of current and past heliportable drilling rigs were presented. New technologies were also illustrated and discussed, with particular reference to the Mi26T enabler, a Russian super heavy lift helicopter, leased to Airborne Energy Solutions. Operating data for the Mi26T was also presented and the heli-drill system was explained. Several twenty-first century heli-rigs were also illustrated and described, including rig 119H, rig 103AC, rig 106E, rig 99AC, and rig 105E. Last, the presentation identified the next steps for heli-rigs. tabs., figs.

  17. Key drilling technology for marine deepwater relief wells%海洋深水救援井钻井关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书杰; 李相方; 何英明; 耿亚楠; 周建良

    2015-01-01

    深水钻井具有较高风险,在救援井设计方面,国内外没有相关标准规范可参照,深水井实施救援井作业的数量也很少。为了保证深水油气田安全高效开发,结合中国南海深水钻井的需要,对深水救援井的井位选择、井眼轨迹设计方法、探测定位技术、连通技术、动态压井方法等一系列关键技术进行了整理和分析。救援井的井位选择需考虑海底地质条件、洋流、风向、热辐射、商业保险等因素,救援井井眼轨迹需根据连通点位置、探测定位工具的要求、轨迹实施难度进行设计,连通方式首选直接钻通事故井井眼,动态压井方案的制定应结合钻井船的能力优选最高效安全的压井方案。研究结果对于建立深水救援井设计体系具有一定的参考价值。%There is great risk in deepwater drilling and there is no international standard for reference regarding the design of relief well drilling, and not many relief wells are drilled for deepwater wells. In order to ensure safe and efifcient development of deepwater oil/gas ifelds and in conjunction with the requirement of deepwater drilling in the South China Sea, a number of key technologies have been arranged and analyzed such as selection of relief well location, method of wellbore trajectory design, detection and location technology, connection technique, dynamic well killing technique, etc. The selection of relief well location should take into consideration the submarine geological conditions, ocean currents, wind directions, thermal radiation, commercial insurance, etc. The trajectory of relief well should be designed according to the location of connecting point, the requirement of detection and location tools and dififculty in following the trajectory. The preferred connecting method is to directly penetrate the borehole of trouble well. The formulation of dynamic killing program should be the most efifcient and safest

  18. Using Open Space Technology for School Improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, David

    2002-01-01

    Describes a theory referred to as Open Space Technology (OST), which holds that the most productive learning in conference settings takes place in the open space between formally scheduled conference sessions. Argues that OST can be applied to staff development days and other educational development programs. (Contains 10 references.) (NB)

  19. High Temperature Piezoelectric Drill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Xiaoqi; Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Sherrit, Stewart; Badescu, Mircea; Shrout, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Venus is one of the planets in the solar systems that are considered for potential future exploration missions. It has extreme environment where the average temperature is 460 deg C and its ambient pressure is about 90 atm. Since the existing actuation technology cannot maintain functionality under the harsh conditions of Venus, it is a challenge to perform sampling and other tasks that require the use of moving parts. Specifically, the currently available electromagnetic actuators are limited in their ability to produce sufficiently high stroke, torque, or force. In contrast, advances in developing electro-mechanical materials (such as piezoelectric and electrostrictive) have enabled potential actuation capabilities that can be used to support such missions. Taking advantage of these materials, we developed a piezoelectric actuated drill that operates at the temperature range up to 500 deg C and the mechanism is based on the Ultrasonic/Sonic Drill/Corer (USDC) configuration. The detailed results of our study are presented in this paper

  20. Offset drilling obligations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyd, K.D.; Kalmakoff, J.J. [Kanuka Thuringer, Regina, SK (Canada)

    1998-12-31

    A review of the `offset well` clause found in freehold and Crown natural gas and petroleum leases was presented. The objective was to provide lessors and lessees with a clear understanding of the rights and obligations associated with offset wells. It was noted that offset well obligations vary according to the form of lease used, the type of offsetting well, the regulatory regime and the geophysical characteristics of the producing formation. Some suggestions were made as to how current versions of the offset well clause can be amended to overcome some of the problems encountered in applying the clause to an offset horizontal well that has been drilled on adjoining lands. Failure to resolve the new issues presented by horizontal drilling technology in terms of documentation, which records respective rights and obligations on the basis of generally accepted principles, will result in large numbers of conflicts and unnecessary litigation. 144 refs., 1 fig.

  1. BTA深孔钻削智能纠偏技术研究%Technology Research on BTA Deep-Hole Drilling Intelligent Rectification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠; 吴伏家

    2013-01-01

    基于目前深孔钻削过程轴线偏斜技术难题,针对BTA(Boring and Trepanning Association)深孔钻削过程出现走偏现象[1-2],采用钻柄位置镶嵌微型单向阀方法,通过切削液流道的油压变化智能开闭单向阀 只适用于工件旋转、刀具进给的加工方式.在刀具加工过程中,刀具出现走偏时,指定位置的微型单向阀自动打开,运用油液的冲击力,使刀具自动纠偏.当刀具纠正后,微型单向阀会自动关闭,不用停机检测,可达到在线纠偏的效果,大大提高加工效率运用FLUENT流体动力学软件对切削液油压系统进行数值模拟,为BTA深孔钻削智能纠偏提供理论依据.%According to the current technical problems of axis deviation during deep-hole drilling processing,in order to solve the phenomenon of deviation in BTA (Boring and Trepanning Association)deep-hole drilling,a method of inlays miniature check valve in drill shank is used,through the change of cutting fluid flow pressure,check valve is opened and closed intelligently,which is only applicable to the processing method of workpiece rotation and tool feed. During tooling processing, when the tool appears to be going deviation,the miniature check valve at the designed spot is opened,using the oil impact to make tool intelligently corrected.When the tool is corrected,miniature check valve will be automatically shut down,not needing to be stop or to be tested,which can achieve the effect of online rectification,greatly improving the processing efficiency.By using FLUENT fluid dynamics software to carry on number simulation for cutting fluid oil pressure system,the theoretical basis has been provided for the intelligent correction technique of BTA deep-hole drilling.

  2. Application of nano technology to drilling lfuid%纳米技术在钻井液中的应用进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌; 赵雄虎; 李外; 李书炼

    2016-01-01

    Nano-additive is a hot research object in the ifeld of drilling lfuids now. When nano-materials are added into drilling lfu-ids, they can control the rheological property, decrease ifltration rate, and improve temperature resistance and lubricity of drilling lfuids. This paper analyzed nano-materials (e.g. nano SiO2, nano CaCO3, C nano-material and nano-emulsion) in terms of material structure, physical property and chemical property. Then it introduced the working principles and ifeld applications of nano-materials in drilling lfuids. Finally, it proposed to build up a mathematical model based on the unique physical and chemical properties of nano-materials to predict the application results of nano-additives and to reduce the cost of nano-additives by means of combination.%纳米材料添加剂是当前钻井液领域的研究热点之一。在钻井液中添加纳米材料可以实现控制流变性、提高抗温性能、降低滤失量、提高润滑性等效果。通过分析纳米SiO2、纳米CaCO3、C纳米材料、纳米乳液等纳米材料的物质结构、物理性质和化学性质,简述了它们在钻井液中的作用机理、使用效果、现场实例及应用现状。提出了根据材料独特理化性质针对性使用、构建数学模型预测纳米添加剂效果以及通过复配降低纳米添加剂成本等建议。

  3. 77 FR 62247 - Dynamic Positioning Operations Guidance for Vessels Other Than Mobile Offshore Drilling Units...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ...] Dynamic Positioning Operations Guidance for Vessels Other Than Mobile Offshore Drilling Units Operating on... voluntary guidance titled ``Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit Dynamic Positioning Guidance''. The notice recommended owners and operators of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units (MODUs) follow Marine Technology...

  4. 废弃钻井液无害化处理技术的研究%Research of waste drilling fluid disposal technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何长明; 李俊华; 王佳

    2016-01-01

    The major ingredient of mud was polyacrylamide , sodium carboxymethyl cellulose , sulfonated asphalt ,no fluorescence lubricants and so on .It has the high viscosity ,high concentration of organic matter and pollutant characteristics .It may quickly solve the stability of the mud system by chemical treatment technology.The results show that polyacrylamide degrading HK 618, demulsifier HK201 and catalyst HK458 could make waste drilling fluid rapid degradation hydration for 2 h.It achieve the complete sepa-ration of solid phase ,water and oil .Adopting the new technology can solve the stability problem of drilling fluid viscous material .It has the vital significance for the future ecological restoration .%延长油田应用的泥浆主要成分为聚丙烯酰胺、羧甲基纤维素钠等,具有粘度高、有机物浓度高、污染物种类多等特点,加入研制的聚丙烯酰胺降解剂HK618、破乳剂HK201和催化剂HK458,可以使其2 h内快速降解水化成小分子,实现固相、水、油的完全分离。采用新技术能够解决传统化学处理中钻井液废弃物粘稠物质的稳定性问题,对未来生态恢复也具有重要的意义。

  5. Survey Harmonisation with New Technologies Improvement (SHANTI)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kagerbauer, Martin

    not miss the opportunities of an advancement by means of new information and communication technologies. The purpose of this Action was to coordinate research efforts on data harmonization for transport surveys across Europe. Guidelines for harmonizing surveys are not only a statistical problem, because...... different approaches and data qualities exist. The data needs from the transport sector allow the assessment of past policies, in terms of efficiency and equity. They allow the elaboration of new policies measures at European level (e.g. to reduce the emissions due to transport). Mobile communication...... and positioning technologies including GPS/GALILEO, GSM and Radio Data System (RDS) have advanced rapidly and their costs are decreasing. They demonstrate great potential as survey instruments for tracking individual mobility and travel behaviour as well as freight movements, by enabling to conduct surveys along...

  6. Enabling Technologies for Improved Data Management: Hardware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerstin van Dam-Kleese

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The most valuable assets in every scientific community are the expert work force and the research results/data produced. The last decade has seen new experimental and computational techniques developing at an ever-faster pace, encouraging the production of ever-larger quantities of data in ever-shorter time spans. Concurrently the traditional scientific working environment has changed beyond recognition. Today scientists can use a wide spectrum of experimental, computational and analytical facilities, often widely distributed over the UK and Europe. In this environment new challenges are posed for the Management of Data every day, but are we ready to tackle them? Do we know exactly what the challenges are? Is the right technology available and is it applied where necessary? This part of enabling technologies investigates current hardware techniques and their functionalities and provides a comparison between various products.

  7. Thixocasting and rheocasting technologies, improvements going on

    OpenAIRE

    Rosso, M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The paper proposes an overview of the actual most important and applied rheocasting technologies for the manufacturing of high performance Al components. Some excellent results recently attained in industrial applications are presented and discussed.Design/methodology/approach: Samples were machined from the produced parts and mechanical tests, i.e. tensile and impact, were executed on series of samples; moreover, microstructure features and the morphology of fractures were observed ...

  8. 空气潜孔锤钻进技术在抗浮工程中的应用研究%Applied Research of Air DTH Hammer Drilling Technology in Anti-floating Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张有; 冯永光; 欧阳永龙; 兰海庆; 张勇

    2012-01-01

    Existing drilling operating machineries are mainly adequate for soil categories Ⅰ to Ⅲ, only the anchor rig is used for soil categories Ⅳ to Ⅷ at present But it has unfavorable issues of slow rate, low efficiency, high cost, and long time limit for a project. Through the researches on air DTH hammer drilling technology boring principle and rock crumbling mechanism; successfully use the hammer in anchor construction in soil of categories Ⅳ to Ⅷ. Taking the anti-floating cable anchor project in the Wanda Plaza Jinan basement construction as an example, carried out borehole completion velocity, wall smoothness and volume scale comparative studies between conventional rotary drill and air DTH hammer operating in soil categories Ⅳ to Ⅷ, considered that in the relatively harder strata, using the hammer can consumedly shorten the net drilling time, improve drilling efficiency. Also due to durative percussion, creating perturbation back and forth time after time, thus expanded hole diameter and become irregular, thus can increase anchor body's lateral resistance, as well as local end bearing capacity come into being, and so can improve pull-out resistance. The analysis has demonstrated that to use the hammer in anchor construction in soil of categories Ⅳ to Ⅷ is practicable.%现有施工机械的研究主要是针对1、2、3类土的施工,对于4~8类土中锚杆的施工,现有的锚杆钻机显示出施工进度慢,施工功效低、费用高、工期长、造价高等不利问题.通过对空气潜孔锤钻进技术成孔原理及碎岩机理的研究,成功的把它应用于4~8类土中锚杆的施工中去.以济南万达广场地下室抗浮锚索工程为例,通过对常规回转钻机和空气潜孔钻机在4~8类土中成孔速度、孔壁光滑度和孔体积大小对比研究,认为在相对较硬的地层中,采用空气潜孔锤钻进能大大缩小纯钻机时间,提高钻进效率,而且由于持续的冲击作用,会对孔壁造

  9. Techniques to improve technological and sanitary quality

    OpenAIRE

    David, C.; Celette, F.; Abecassis, J; Carcea, M.; Dubois, D.; Friedel, J. K.; Hellou, G.; Jeuffroy, M.-H.; Mäder, P.; Thomsen, I.K.

    2012-01-01

    Agronomical ways for better quality and safety Choice of cultivar is an efficient way to obtain higher grain quality. Intercropping legumes (grain or forage) improves weed competition and N availability for wheat crop or succeeding crop. Green manure can be an effective alternative to farmyard manure. Fertilization with readily available nitrogen improves yield and quality when water is available. Reduced tillage affects soil fertility and wheat yield but has little effects on grain qualit...

  10. FY 1983 Funding for ocean drilling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    Proposed funding for scientific ocean drilling within the National Science Foundation (NSF) in fiscal 1983 totals $14 million, $6 million less than the current fiscal 1982 plan and about half of the original FY 1982 budget request of $26 million. However, there is more to these numbers than simple subtraction: Additional funding for scientific ocean drilling programs is on hold while decisions are being made about a future drilling program called Advanced Ocean Drilling (AOD).With the demise of the Ocean Margin Drilling Program (OMDP) when industry withdrew its support (Eos, October 20, 1981, p. 705) and with the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) long ago scheduled to end in fiscal 1983, the future for scientific ocean drilling within NSF was uncertain. To steer ocean drilling toward scientific objectives for the decade, the Conference on Scientific Ocean Drilling (COSOD) (Eos, December 22, 1981, p. 1197) examined four ocean drilling options and decided that the Glomar Explorer, converted to the current capabilities of the DSDP mainstay Glomar Challenger (i.e., without riser and well-control technologies), would meet scientific objectives through the decade. In December, the National Research Council's Committee on Ocean Margin Drilling came to the identical conclusion in its interim report. Both of these decisions were based solely on scientific merit and did not consider costs.

  11. Development of CNPC's Drilling Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Qingli; Qin Wengui; Zheng Yi

    2011-01-01

    @@ With further exploration and development of oil and gas fields both at home and abroad, complicated geological conditions, poor quality of reserves and abominable working environment, drilling business, the largest of upstream petroleum industry in terms of total investment and scale, is facing new challenges.China National Petroleum Corporation (hereinafter referred to as CNPC) is in urgent need of transforming development patterns of drilling, so as to enhance competitiveness, improve production efficiency, and increase economic profits.

  12. Drilling miniature holes, Part III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1978-07-01

    Miniature components for precision electromechanical mechanisms such as switches, timers, and actuators typically require a number of small holes. Because of the precision required, the workpiece materials, and the geometry of the parts, most of these holes must be produced by conventional drilling techniques. The use of such techniques is tedious and often requires considerable trial and error to prevent drill breakage, minimize hole mislocation and variations in hole diameter. This study of eight commercial drill designs revealed that printed circuit board drills produced better locational and size repeatability than did other drills when centerdrilling was not used. Boring holes 1 mm in dia, or less, as a general rule did not improve hole location in brass or stainless steel. Hole locations of patterns of 0.66-mm holes can be maintained within 25.4-..mu..m diametral positional tolerance if setup misalignments can be eliminated. Size tolerances of +- 3.8 ..mu..m can be maintained under some conditions when drilling flat plates. While these levels of precision are possible with existing off-the-shelf drills, they may not be practical in many cases.

  13. Blockchain technology for improving clinical research quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benchoufi, Mehdi; Ravaud, Philippe

    2017-07-19

    Reproducibility, data sharing, personal data privacy concerns and patient enrolment in clinical trials are huge medical challenges for contemporary clinical research. A new technology, Blockchain, may be a key to addressing these challenges and should draw the attention of the whole clinical research community.Blockchain brings the Internet to its definitive decentralisation goal. The core principle of Blockchain is that any service relying on trusted third parties can be built in a transparent, decentralised, secure "trustless" manner at the top of the Blockchain (in fact, there is trust, but it is hardcoded in the Blockchain protocol via a complex cryptographic algorithm). Therefore, users have a high degree of control over and autonomy and trust of the data and its integrity. Blockchain allows for reaching a substantial level of historicity and inviolability of data for the whole document flow in a clinical trial. Hence, it ensures traceability, prevents a posteriori reconstruction and allows for securely automating the clinical trial through what are called Smart Contracts. At the same time, the technology ensures fine-grained control of the data, its security and its shareable parameters, for a single patient or group of patients or clinical trial stakeholders.In this commentary article, we explore the core functionalities of Blockchain applied to clinical trials and we illustrate concretely its general principle in the context of consent to a trial protocol. Trying to figure out the potential impact of Blockchain implementations in the setting of clinical trials will shed new light on how modern clinical trial methods could evolve and benefit from Blockchain technologies in order to tackle the aforementioned challenges.

  14. Geospatial Technologies to Improve Urban Energy Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bharanidharan Hemachandran

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The HEAT (Home Energy Assessment Technologies pilot project is a FREE Geoweb mapping service, designed to empower the urban energy efficiency movement by allowing residents to visualize the amount and location of waste heat leaving their homes and communities as easily as clicking on their house in Google Maps. HEAT incorporates Geospatial solutions for residential waste heat monitoring using Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA and Canadian built Thermal Airborne Broadband Imager technology (TABI-320 to provide users with timely, in-depth, easy to use, location-specific waste-heat information; as well as opportunities to save their money and reduce their green-house-gas emissions. We first report on the HEAT Phase I pilot project which evaluates 368 residences in the Brentwood community of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, and describe the development and implementation of interactive waste heat maps, energy use models, a Hot Spot tool able to view the 6+ hottest locations on each home and a new HEAT Score for inter-city waste heat comparisons. We then describe current challenges, lessons learned and new solutions as we begin Phase II and scale from 368 to 300,000+ homes with the newly developed TABI-1800. Specifically, we introduce a new object-based mosaicing strategy, an adaptation of Emissivity Modulation to correct for emissivity differences, a new Thermal Urban Road Normalization (TURN technique to correct for scene-wide microclimatic variation. We also describe a new Carbon Score and opportunities to update city cadastral errors with automatically defined thermal house objects.

  15. Improved technology for manufacture of carbon electrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Platon, A.; Dumbrava, A.; Petrescu, N.I.; Simionescu, L.

    2000-07-01

    The paper presents investigations to improve some physico-chemical characteristics of carbon electrodes (such as coefficient of thermal expansion, mechanical strengths, density, pore volume, porosity etc.) obtained in different manufacture steps by addition of varieties of coal tar pitch. These include attempts to improve the chemical compatibility of the coke-pitch system in the mixture and establish the method and the point of introduction of additive, the concentration required and appropriate analytical control during the entire manufacture. Methods of analysis used include thermogravimetry and porosimetry. The microstructure of the electrodes is investigated through a wide range and the data obtained include pore size and pore volume distribution, surface area, porosity, particle size distribution and type of pores. The overall results clearly indicate better characteristics and performance for electrodes with additives as against electrodes without them, such as lower porosity, lower thermal expansion coefficients and greater mechanical strength. These data are analyzed with respect to the process step and electrode type.

  16. Automation Technology Improvements on SEE Test Facility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN; Hui; LIU; Jian-cheng; SHEN; Dong-jun

    2012-01-01

    <正>When user do heavy ion SEE tests in the irradiation facility, the ion beam should be uniform and the beam flux should be fit for their tests. User also wants the sample position easy to be located. These requirements are very important for our facility. This year, our team has paid great effort in improving beam parameter monitoring and auto control ability of facility. The main jobs are as follows.

  17. Optimization of Mud Hammer Drilling Performance--A Program to Benchmark the Viability of Advanced Mud Hammer Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnis Judzis

    2006-03-01

    Operators continue to look for ways to improve hard rock drilling performance through emerging technologies. A consortium of Department of Energy, operator and industry participants put together an effort to test and optimize mud driven fluid hammers as one emerging technology that has shown promise to increase penetration rates in hard rock. The thrust of this program has been to test and record the performance of fluid hammers in full scale test conditions including, hard formations at simulated depth, high density/high solids drilling muds, and realistic fluid power levels. This paper details the testing and results of testing two 7 3/4 inch diameter mud hammers with 8 1/2 inch hammer bits. A Novatek MHN5 and an SDS Digger FH185 mud hammer were tested with several bit types, with performance being compared to a conventional (IADC Code 537) tricone bit. These tools functionally operated in all of the simulated downhole environments. The performance was in the range of the baseline ticone or better at lower borehole pressures, but at higher borehole pressures the performance was in the lower range or below that of the baseline tricone bit. A new drilling mode was observed, while operating the MHN5 mud hammer. This mode was noticed as the weight on bit (WOB) was in transition from low to high applied load. During this new ''transition drilling mode'', performance was substantially improved and in some cases outperformed the tricone bit. Improvements were noted for the SDS tool while drilling with a more aggressive bit design. Future work includes the optimization of these or the next generation tools for operating in higher density and higher borehole pressure conditions and improving bit design and technology based on the knowledge gained from this test program.

  18. CBM Well Drilling Operation Technology in Junlian Karst Developed Block, Southern Sichuan%川南筠连岩溶发育区块煤层气钻井施工工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬玉平

    2012-01-01

    川南筠连地区煤层气资源丰富,但该区块岩溶发育,地质条件复杂,在煤层气钻井施工过程中容易出现井漏、井斜、井塌、排渣困难等问题,造成钻井效率低下.针对此神情况,采用了空气潜孔锤和普通钻井液循环相结合的钻井工艺:一开采用空气潜孔锤钻进,至一开完钻后,下入表层套管固井,继续采用空气钻井至最大井深,然后换用常规钻井液钻井至完钻.钻探效果显示,该种工艺的钻进周期比常规的钻井方法缩短了4~10d,钻井效率较高,取得了良好的经济效益.%CBM resources are abundant in the Junlian area, southern Sichuan. But since the well developed karst in this block, and complicated geological condition, issues of drilling mud loss, well deflection, well collapsing and difficult cutting removal are often happened during CBM well drilling process, and caused low drilling efficiency. In allusion to the situation, drilling technology of air down-the-hole hammer combined with common drilling fluid circulation is used: using air down-the-hole hammer in primary spudding, when it is finished, lowering down superficial casing to consolidate the well; continue to use air drilling to the maximum depth, then using traditional fluid drilling through to well completion. The drilling effect has demonstrated that the method can shorten drilling duration 4-10 days less than traditional drilling, thus high efficiency and good economic benefit.

  19. Biological effects of drilling wastes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cranford, P. J. [Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Dartmouth, NS (Canada). Bedford Inst. of Oceanography

    2000-07-01

    An argument is made for the point of view that economic realities require that a sustainable fishery must co-exist with the offshore petroleum industry, and therefore to sustain the fishery comprehensive studies are needed to identify and minimize the impact of operational drilling wastes on fishery resources. Moreover, laboratory and field studies indicate that operational drilling platforms impact on fisheries at great distances, therefore studies should not be limited to the immediate vicinity of drilling sites. Studies on long-term exposure of resident organisms to low level contaminants and the chronic lethal and sublethal biological effects of production drilling wastes must be conducted under environmentally relevant conditions to ensure the validity of the results. Studies at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography on sea scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) shows them to be highly sensitive to impacts from drilling wastes. Results of these studies, integrated with toxicity data and information on the distribution and transport of drilling wastes have been used by regulatory agencies and industrial interests to develop scientifically sound and justifiable regulations. They also led to the development of practical, sensitive and cost-effective technologies that use resident resource species to detect environmental impacts at offshore production sites. 1 fig.

  20. Unit for cleaning drilling muds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorosh, M.M.; Dera, Ya.I.; Fesenko, M.M.; Makedonov, N.I.; Surkov, V.T.

    1983-01-01

    A design is proposed for a unit for cleaning drilling muds which includes a settling tank with input sleeve and a sleeve of the purified mud and hydrocyclones. In order to improve the effectiveness of the degree of purification, the unit is equipped with an ejector and sludge filter arranged under the settling tank in the form of a grid installed in the upper part of the settling tank and connected to the sleeve of purified mud, while the inlet sleeve is arranged tangentially. The proposed unit can operate during drilling with the use of muds on water and carbon bases. As a result of its use, the degree of purification of the drilling mud reaches 30-35%; there is an increase in mechanical drilling rate, the service life of the sand-separator and the silt separators and decrease in wear of the pump equipment.

  1. An Improved Valuation Model for Technology Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ako Doffou

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper estimates some of the parameters of the Schwartz and Moon (2001 model using cross-sectional data. Stochastic costs, future financing, capital expenditures and depreciation are taken into account. Some special conditions are also set: the speed of adjustment parameters are equal; the implied half-life of the sales growth process is linked to analyst forecasts; and the risk-adjustment parameter is inferred from the company’s observed stock price beta. The model is illustrated in the valuation of Google, Amazon, eBay, Facebook and Yahoo. The improved model is far superior to the Schwartz and Moon (2001 model.

  2. Improving drug manufacturing with process analytical technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Licinia O; Alves, Teresa P; Cardoso, Joaquim P; Menezes, José C

    2006-01-01

    Within the process analytical technology (PAT) framework, as presented in the US Food and Drug Administration guidelines, the aim is to design, develop and operate processes consistently to ensure a pre-defined level of quality at the end of the manufacturing process. Three PAT implementation scenarios can be envisaged. Firstly, PAT could be used in its most modest version (in an almost non-PAT manner) to simply replace an existing quality control protocol (eg, using near-infrared spectroscopy for an in-process quality control, such as moisture content). Secondly, the use of in-process monitoring and process analysis could be integrated to enhance process understanding and operation for an existing industrial process. Thirdly, PAT could be used extensively and exclusively throughout development, scale-up and full-scale production of a new product and process. Although the first type of implementations are well known, reports of the second and third types remain scarce. Herein, results obtained from PAT implementations of the second and third types are described for two industrial processes for preparing bulk active pharmaceutical ingredients, demonstrating the benefits in terms of increased process understanding and process control.

  3. Vaccine engineering improved by hybrid technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linhart, Birgit; Valenta, Rudolf

    2004-08-01

    The term 'vaccination' describes the induction of protective immune responses against infectious diseases, but is also used to define antigen-specific forms of immunotherapy for allergy, cancer and autoimmunity. Successful vaccination requires either immune modulation or the induction of robust specific immunity to several disease-causing antigens. However, natural antigen sources may contain greatly varying amounts of these antigens and some of them may exhibit low immunogenicity. An approach for overcoming the latter problems has been developed for allergy vaccines recently. This approach is based on the genetic engineering of hybrid molecules, consisting of several major disease-eliciting antigens/epitopes. Such hybrid molecules can be built to include the most relevant epitopes of complex antigen sources. Moreover, fusion of different antigens in the form of hybrid molecules strongly increases their immunogenicity. The hybrid approach can also be used for the generation of mosaic antigens with altered immunological properties, which consist of re-shuffled antigen pieces. We exemplify the use of hybrid technology for the generation of new allergy vaccines and discuss its potential applicability for the development of vaccines for infectious diseases, cancer and autoimmunity.

  4. SMALLER FOOTPRINT DRILLING SYSTEM FOR DEEP AND HARD ROCK ENVIRONMENTS; FEASIBILITY OF ULTRA-HIGH SPEED DIAMOND DRILLING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alan Black; Arnis Judzis

    2004-10-01

    The two phase program addresses long-term developments in deep well and hard rock drilling. TerraTek believes that significant improvements in drilling deep hard rock will be obtained by applying ultra-high (greater than 10,000 rpm) rotational speeds. The work includes a feasibility of concept research effort aimed at development and test results that will ultimately result in the ability to reliably drill ''faster and deeper'' possibly with rigs having a smaller footprint to be more mobile. The principle focus is on demonstration testing of diamond bits rotating at speeds in excess of 10,000 rpm to achieve high rate of penetration rock cutting with substantially lower inputs of energy and loads. The project draws on TerraTek results submitted to NASA's ''Drilling on Mars'' program. The objective of that program was to demonstrate miniaturization of a robust and mobile drilling system that expends small amounts of energy. TerraTek successfully tested ultrahigh speed ({approx}40,000 rpm) small kerf diamond coring. Adaptation to the oilfield will require innovative bit designs for full hole drilling or continuous coring and the eventual development of downhole ultra-high speed drives. For domestic operations involving hard rock and deep oil and gas plays, improvements in penetration rates is an opportunity to reduce well costs and make viable certain field developments. An estimate of North American hard rock drilling costs is in excess of $1,200 MM. Thus potential savings of $200 MM to $600 MM are possible if drilling rates are doubled [assuming bit life is reasonable]. The net result for operators is improved profit margin as well as an improved position on reserves. The significance of the ''ultra-high rotary speed drilling system'' is the ability to drill into rock at very low weights on bit and possibly lower energy levels. The drilling and coring industry today does not practice this technology

  5. SMALLER FOOTPRINT DRILLING SYSTEM FOR DEEP AND HARD ROCK ENVIRONMENTS; FEASIBILITY OF ULTRA-HIGH SPEED DIAMOND DRILLING

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alan Black; Arnis Judzis

    2004-10-01

    The two phase program addresses long-term developments in deep well and hard rock drilling. TerraTek believes that significant improvements in drilling deep hard rock will be obtained by applying ultra-high (greater than 10,000 rpm) rotational speeds. The work includes a feasibility of concept research effort aimed at development and test results that will ultimately result in the ability to reliably drill ''faster and deeper'' possibly with rigs having a smaller footprint to be more mobile. The principle focus is on demonstration testing of diamond bits rotating at speeds in excess of 10,000 rpm to achieve high rate of penetration rock cutting with substantially lower inputs of energy and loads. The project draws on TerraTek results submitted to NASA's ''Drilling on Mars'' program. The objective of that program was to demonstrate miniaturization of a robust and mobile drilling system that expends small amounts of energy. TerraTek successfully tested ultrahigh speed ({approx}40,000 rpm) small kerf diamond coring. Adaptation to the oilfield will require innovative bit designs for full hole drilling or continuous coring and the eventual development of downhole ultra-high speed drives. For domestic operations involving hard rock and deep oil and gas plays, improvements in penetration rates is an opportunity to reduce well costs and make viable certain field developments. An estimate of North American hard rock drilling costs is in excess of $1,200 MM. Thus potential savings of $200 MM to $600 MM are possible if drilling rates are doubled [assuming bit life is reasonable]. The net result for operators is improved profit margin as well as an improved position on reserves. The significance of the ''ultra-high rotary speed drilling system'' is the ability to drill into rock at very low weights on bit and possibly lower energy levels. The drilling and coring industry today does not practice this technology

  6. Computer technology helpful to minimize drilling costs in ZPNiG; Wykorzystanie techniki komputerowej dla minimalizacji kosztow wiercenia w ZPNiG Krakow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fugiel, K.A. [Zaklad Poszukiwania Nafty i Gazu, Krakow (Poland)

    1996-02-01

    The paper shows the data acquisition system in a field laboratory unit of Drillab Co. It enables analyses of drilling costs at real time of rig operations. Major equations to reckon drilling costs have been given and performed simulations pointed out necessity to use though not cheap, but `aggressive`, efficient, durable and repeatable equipment, which substantially will lower costs of drilling. (author). 4 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Improved technology for manufacture of carbon electrodes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Platon; A Dumbrava; N Iutes-Petrescu; Luzia Simionescu

    2000-02-01

    Current industrial carbon electrodes are typically manufactured by blending petroleum coke particles (the filler) with molten coal tar pitch (the binder) and extruding the resultant mix to form the `green electrode’. This is then baked under controlled conditions. In case of usage as anodes in steel electric furnaces (or as other carbon and graphite products), the electrodes could undergo further processing like pitch impregnation or graphitization. During heat treatment, some of the organics are destructively distilled, vaporized or decomposed, resulting in carbon deposition in the electrode. As the vaporized materials exit the body of the electrode they cause porosity in the walls, which results in reduction in density, current carrying capacity and flexural strength. The paper presents investigations to improve some physico-chemical characteristics of these electrodes (such as coefficient of thermal expansion, mechanical strengths, density, pore volume, porosity etc.), obtained in different manufacture steps, by addition of varieties of coal tar pitch. These include attempts to improve the chemical compatibility of the coke-pitch system in the mixture and establish the method and the point of introduction of additive, the concentration required and appropriate analytical control during the entire manufacture. Methods of analysis used include thermogravimetry and porosimetry. The microstructure of the electrodes is investigated through a wide range and the data obtained include pore size and pore volume distribution, surface area, porosity, particle size distribution and type of pores. The overall results clearly indicate better characteristics and performance for electrodes with additives as against electrodes without them, such as lower porosity, lower thermal expansion coefficients and greater mechanical strength. These data are analyzed with respect to the process step and electrode type.

  8. Follow the drill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitch-Roy, O. [Dando Drilling International (United Kingdom)

    2005-08-01

    The paper discusses modern drilling techniques with which Dando Drilling has been involved. It describes equipment supplied to opencast coal operations in Kalimantan, Borneo. These include polycrystalline diamond drill bits, flushing media, rig drilling controls and other specialised equipment. 3 photos.

  9. Limited Effectiveness of a Skills and Drills Intervention to Improve Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care in Karnataka, India: A Proof-of-Concept Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varghese, Beena; Krishnamurthy, Jayanna; Correia, Blaze; Panigrahi, Ruchika; Washington, Maryann; Ponnuswamy, Vinotha; Mony, Prem

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: The majority of the maternal and perinatal deaths are preventable through improved emergency obstetric and newborn care at facilities. However, the quality of such care in India has significant gaps in terms of provider skills and in their preparedness to handle emergencies. We tested the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a “skills and drills” intervention, implemented between July 2013 and September 2014, to improve emergency obstetric and newborn care in the state of Karnataka, India. Methods: Emergency drills through role play, conducted every 2 months, combined with supportive supervision and a 2-day skills refresher session were delivered across 4 sub-district, secondary-level government facilities by an external team of obstetric and pediatric specialists and nurses. We evaluated the intervention through a quasi-experimental design with 4 intervention and 4 comparison facilities, using delivery case sheet reviews, pre- and post-knowledge tests among providers, objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs), and qualitative in-depth interviews. Primary outcomes consisted of improved diagnosis and management of selected maternal and newborn complications (postpartum hemorrhage, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and birth asphyxia). Secondary outcomes included knowledge and skill levels of providers and acceptability and feasibility of the intervention. Results: Knowledge scores among providers improved significantly in the intervention facilities; in obstetrics, average scores between the pre- and post-test increased from 49% to 57% (P=.006) and in newborn care, scores increased from 48% to 56% (P=.03). Knowledge scores in the comparison facilities were similar but did not improve significantly over time. Skill levels were significantly higher among providers in intervention facilities than comparison facilities (mean objective structured clinical examination scores for obstetric skills: 55% vs. 46%, respectively; for

  10. Use of the under balance drilling for improvement of the drilling process - a practical example; Uso da tecnica de perfuracao sub-balanceada para melhorar o rendimento da perfuracao. Um exemplo pratico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunha, J.C.; Rosa, Fabio Severo N. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1998-07-01

    This paper describes the project and project and execution of a well using Underbalance Drilling (UBD) technique in South Brazil. Due to very hard formation in the intermediary section of the well and a very damage-sensitive reservoir, the of UBD was considered mandatory for this field. New equipment were specially designed for use in the well including a liquid-gas separator and a new manifold. Since nitrogenated fluid was used as drilling fluid, a membrane was used to on-site generation of nitrogen. The article gives field data obtained in the well and also shows comparison between the results obtained with UBD and conventional drilling. A description of the advantages, problems and shortcomings of the technique also is included in the paper. (author)

  11. High Temperature 300°C Directional Drilling System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chatterjee, Kamalesh [Baker Hughes Oilfield Operations, Houston, TX (United States); Aaron, Dick [Baker Hughes Oilfield Operations, Houston, TX (United States); Macpherson, John [Baker Hughes Oilfield Operations, Houston, TX (United States)

    2015-07-31

    Many countries around the world, including the USA, have untapped geothermal energy potential. Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) technology is needed to economically utilize this resource. Temperatures in some EGS reservoirs can exceed 300°C. To effectively utilize EGS resources, an array of injector and production wells must be accurately placed in the formation fracture network. This requires a high temperature directional drilling system. Most commercial services for directional drilling systems are rated for 175°C while geothermal wells require operation at much higher temperatures. Two U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) projects have been initiated to develop a 300°C capable directional drilling system, the first developing a drill bit, directional motor, and drilling fluid, and the second adding navigation and telemetry systems. This report is for the first project, “High Temperature 300°C Directional Drilling System, including drill bit, directional motor and drilling fluid, for enhanced geothermal systems,” award number DE-EE0002782. The drilling system consists of a drill bit, a directional motor, and drilling fluid. The DOE deliverables are three prototype drilling systems. We have developed three drilling motors; we have developed four roller-cone and five Kymera® bits; and finally, we have developed a 300°C stable drilling fluid, along with a lubricant additive for the metal-to-metal motor. Metal-to-metal directional motors require coatings to the rotor and stator for wear and corrosion resistance, and this coating research has been a significant part of the project. The drill bits performed well in the drill bit simulator test, and the complete drilling system has been tested drilling granite at Baker Hughes’ Experimental Test Facility in Oklahoma. The metal-to-metal motor was additionally subjected to a flow loop test in Baker Hughes’ Celle Technology Center in Germany, where it ran for more than 100

  12. Comparison of Clinical and Radiological Improvement Between the Modified Trephine and High-speed Drill as Main Osteotomy Instrument in Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Ma, Lei; Yang, Dalong; Zhang, Di; Shen, Yong; Ding, Wenyuan

    2015-01-01

    Abstract High-speed drill is the main osteotomy instrument in pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) currently. Considering the long duration of surgery, the large amount of blood loss, and the high incidence of neurovascular injury, the osteotomy procedure is challenging. Use of trephine for the osteotomy displays high efficiency by shortening surgery time and reducing blood loss in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion. However, the potential risk of neurological injury is high. We modified the trephine by adding locking instrument, when the serrated top of the trephine reaches the tip of the probe; the locking instrument on the probe restricts the trephine and improves security during the osteotomy procedure. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological improvement between the modified trephine and high-speed drill as main osteotomy instrument in PSO. From February 2009 to 2013, 50 patients with severe thoracolumbar kyphotic deformity caused by old compressive vertebrae were prospectively reviewed. All patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group (27 patients received PSO with modified trephine) and the control group (23 patients received PSO with high-speed drill). The clinical records were reviewed and compared for surgical time, operative blood loss, functional improvement (Oswestry Disability Index), and pain relief (visual analog scale). The radiological records were reviewed and compared for correction of kyphotic deformity postoperatively and correction loss at 2-year follow-up. All patients successfully finished the PSO procedure, and got satisfactory kyphotic deformity correction and overall function improvement. The surgery time was shorter in the experimental group than that in the control group (132.7 ± 12.6 vs 141.7 ± 16.7 min; P = 0.03). No significant difference was found in blood loss (882.9 ± 98.9 mL vs 902.2 ± 84.9 mL; P = 0.47) or correction of the kyphotic angle (33.4

  13. Deep drilling for geothermal energy in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kukkonen, Ilmo

    2016-04-01

    There is a societal request to find renewable CO2-free energy resources. One of the biggest such resources is provided by geothermal energy. In addition to shallow ground heat already extensively used in Finland, deep geothermal energy provides an alternative so far not exploited. Temperatures are high at depth, but the challenge is, how to mine the heat? In this presentation, the geological and geophysical conditions for deep geothermal energy production in Finland are discussed as well as challenges for drilling and conditions at depth for geothermal energy production. Finland is located on ancient bedrock with much lower temperatures than geologically younger volcanically and tectonically active areas. In order to reach sufficiently high temperatures drilling to depths of several kilometres are needed. Further, mining of the heat with, e.g., the principle of Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) requires high hydraulic conductivity for efficient circulation of fluid in natural or artificial fractures of the rock. There are many issues that must be solved and/or improved: Drilling technology, the EGS concept, rock stress and hydraulic fracturing, scale formation, induced seismicity and ground movements, possible microbial activity, etc. An industry-funded pilot project currently in progress in southern Finland is shortly introduced.

  14. Optimized Drilling Technologies for Tight Sandstone Reservoirs in Canada Daylight Oilfield%加拿大 Daylight 油田致密砂岩油藏优快钻井技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯立中; 谈心; 曲洪娜

    2014-01-01

    为经济高效地开发致密砂岩油藏,并为国内同类型油气田开发提供借鉴,进行了Daylight油田优快钻井技术研究。对Daylight油田地层岩性进行了研究,根据地层压力优化了井身结构;通过分析测井资料并结合统计数据,研制了个性化的钻头;在分析钻井技术难点、地层压力的基础上,研制了油基钻井液体系,并采取严格措施确保其性能稳定;采取防碰技术控制井眼轨迹,满足了井工厂钻井的要求;优选先进的井下工具进行配套应用。该油田油气井井身结构按地区简化为二开和三开2种;研制了适应该地区软硬交错地层的复合钻头;油基钻井液体系为井壁稳定提供了保障;提前防碰技术缩短了滑动钻进时间;振荡钻井技术和AGITATOR井下工具可以解决水平井钻井中的托压问题,黑匣子为分析钻柱涡动提供了数据支持。应用结果表明,同地区平均井深为3000 m的井,平均钻井周期由原来的18 d缩短为8 d。Daylight油田优快钻井技术研究为快速钻井提供了保证,为国内致密油藏开发提供了技术参考。%In order to develop tight sandstone reservoirs economically and efficiently ,and provide refer-ences for development of similar oil and gas fields ,the drilling technologies in Canada Daylight Oilfield have been investigated .By analyzing main affecting factors on optimized drilling technologies ,some important a-chievements have been obtained ,including casing program optimization on the basis of formation pressure ;specific bit developed through logging data analysis and statistics ;oil-base drilling fluid system developed through the analysis of drilling troubles and formation pressure ,and anti-collision drilling techniques were taken to control wellbore trajectory ,so as to meet the requirement of well factory drilling ;Optimization of advanced downhole tools for matching application ;wellbore structures

  15. ECONOMIC AND ENERGETICAL ANALYSIS OF IMPROVED WASTE UTILIZATION PLASMA TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serghei VAMBOL

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Energy and economic evaluation of the improved plasma waste utilization technological process, as well as an expediency substantiation of the use of improved plasma technology by comparing its energy consumption with other thermal methods of utilization. Methodology. Analysis of existing modern and advanced methods of waste management and its impact on environmental safety. Considering of energy and monetary costs to implement two different waste management technologies. Results. Studies have shown regular gasification ensure greater heating value due to differences, a significant amount of nitrogen than for plasma gasification. From the point of view of minimizing energy and monetary costs and environmental safety more promising is to offer advanced technology for plasma waste. To carry out the energy assessment of the appropriateness of the considered technologies-comparative calculation was carried out at the standard conditions. This is because in the processing of waste produced useful products, such as liquefied methane, synthetic gas (94% methane and a fuel gas for heating, suitable for sale that provides cost-effectiveness of this technology. Originality. Shown and evaluated ecological and economic efficiency of proposed improved plasma waste utilization technology compared with other thermal techniques. Practical value. Considered and grounded of energy and monetary costs to implement two different waste management technologies, namely ordinary gasification and using plasma generators. Proposed plasma waste utilization technology allows to obtain useful products, such as liquefied methane, synthetic gas and a fuel gas for heating, which are suitable for sale. Plant for improved plasma waste utilization technological process allows to compensate the daily and seasonal electricity and heat consumption fluctuations by allowing the storage of obtained fuel products.

  16. Reducing temperature elevation of robotic bone drilling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, Arne; Wandel, Jasmin; Zysset, Philippe

    2016-12-01

    This research work aims at reducing temperature elevation of bone drilling. An extensive experimental study was conducted which focused on the investigation of three main measures to reduce the temperature elevation as used in industry: irrigation, interval drilling and drill bit designs. Different external irrigation rates (0 ml/min, 15 ml/min, 30 ml/min), continuously drilled interval lengths (2 mm, 1 mm, 0.5 mm) as well as two drill bit designs were tested. A custom single flute drill bit was designed with a higher rake angle and smaller chisel edge to generate less heat compared to a standard surgical drill bit. A new experimental setup was developed to measure drilling forces and torques as well as the 2D temperature field at any depth using a high resolution thermal camera. The results show that external irrigation is a main factor to reduce temperature elevation due not primarily to its effect on cooling but rather due to the prevention of drill bit clogging. During drilling, the build up of bone material in the drill bit flutes result in excessive temperatures due to an increase in thrust forces and torques. Drilling in intervals allows the removal of bone chips and cleaning of flutes when the drill bit is extracted as well as cooling of the bone in-between intervals which limits the accumulation of heat. However, reducing the length of the drilled interval was found only to be beneficial for temperature reduction using the newly designed drill bit due to the improved cutting geometry. To evaluate possible tissue damage caused by the generated heat increase, cumulative equivalent minutes (CEM43) were calculated and it was found that the combination of small interval length (0.5 mm), high irrigation rate (30 ml/min) and the newly designed drill bit was the only parameter combination which allowed drilling below the time-thermal threshold for tissue damage. In conclusion, an optimized drilling method has been found which might also enable drilling in more

  17. The Improvment of Structure and Manufacturing Process for the Electric Shock Drill%浅析电镦机砧头结构改进及加工工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施燕

    2011-01-01

    指出了目前采用的立式单工位电镦机砧头主要存在的的问题,提出了相应的解决方法,并对立式单工位电镦机砧头的结构进行了改进,通过对砧头的结构调整及选用不同的材料,大幅提高了砧头的寿命和加工效率.%It analyzes the defects of current vertical single station of the electric shock drill, presents some solutions.It improves the structure and material of this vertical single station of the electric shock drill.The application shows that this improvement measure increases the drill life and working efficiency.

  18. Design and Construction of Wireless Control System for Drilling Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nang Su Moan Hsam

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Drilling machine is used for boring holes in various materials and used in woodworking metalworking construction and do-it-yourself projects. When the machine operate for a long time the temperature increases and so we need to control the temperature of the machine and some lubrication system need to apply to reduce the temperature. Due to the improvement of technology the system can be controlled with wireless network. This control system use Window Communication Foundation WCF which is the latest service oriented technology to control all drilling machines in industries simultaneously. All drilling machines are start working when they received command from server. After the machine is running for a long time the temperature is gradually increased. This system used LM35 temperature sensor to measure the temperature. When the temperature is over the safely level that is programmed in host server the controller at the server will command to control the speed of motor and applying some lubrication system at the tip and edges of drill. The command from the server is received by the client and sends to PIC. In this control system PIC microcontroller is used as an interface between the client computer and the machine. The speed of motor is controlled with PWM and water pump system is used for lubrication. This control system is designed and simulated with 12V DC motor LM35 sensor LCD displayand relay which is to open the water container to spray water between drill and work piece. The host server choosing to control the drilling machine that are overheat by selecting the clients IP address that is connected with that machine.

  19. Routine Drilling Fluid Technology in the Application of Under-balanced Well%常规钻井液技术在欠平衡井中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏; 兰正升; 王建博

    2011-01-01

    四川油田早在20世纪60年代就开始了边喷边钻作业实践,在90年代中后期,该技术在国内迅速发展,并取得显著的成效,并在钻井中采用泡沫、空气、常规钻井液等作为循环介质,本文主要介绍常规钻井液技术在欠平衡井段的应用、工艺流程、技术措施,并对施工中遇到的复杂情况进行分析总结.%Sichuan oil field as early as 60 years in the 20th century, began drilling operations side spray edge practice in the late 90's, the rapid development of the technology in the country, and achieved remarkable results, and used in the drilling foam, air, conventional drilling fluid as die circulating medium, the paper introduces the conventional under-balanced drilling technology in the well section of the application process, technical measures, and the complexities encountered in the construction were analyzed and summarized.

  20. Application of treatment technology of drilling waste mud harmless and solidification%钻井废弃泥浆无害化和固化处理技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 周岩

    2012-01-01

    Briefly introduced China's current harmless treatment of drilling waste mud,the impact on the environment,and now commonly used drilling waste mud harmless and solidification treatment technology.Through the examples to appraise the non-toxic and harmless of waste mud produced by drilling in exploration mine area,and did a bold attempt to treatment technology and process of harmless and solidification,wanted to share much experience with counterparts,to promote protection work of core drilling environment.%简要介绍我国目前钻井废弃泥浆无害化处理的现状,废弃泥浆对环境的影响,目前常用钻井废弃泥浆无害化固化处理技术。通过实例对勘探矿区内的钻孔产生的废弃泥浆进行无毒和无害化评价,并进行一次无害化和固化处理技术及工艺的大胆尝试,取得点滴体会供同行们分享,推动岩心钻探环境保护工作。

  1. 水射流钻割技术在防突方面的应用与研究%Research and Application of Water Jet Drilling Cutting Technology in Outburst Prevention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武文庆

    2014-01-01

    本文提出采用射流钻割一体化防突技术对高瓦斯矿井煤层进行卸压增透措施,并在某矿2120风巷碛头采用割缝钻孔与普通钻孔进行工业性实验,并利用G10模式煤气表对孔内瓦斯进行对比研究,证明水射流钻割割缝技术确实能明显的起到卸压增透效果,从而有效的预防煤层的突出事故。%In this paper,the jet drilling-cutting integration outburst prevention technology for pressure relief and permeability increasing measures in high gas coal mine,and in some mine 2120 wind tunnel moraine head adopts cutting drilling and drilling for industrial experiment,and using the G10 model of gas meter to make a comparative study of the hole of gas,water jet drilling cutting slotting technology can indeed obviously win the pressure relief and permeability increase effect,thus effectively preventing outburst in coal seam.

  2. Final Technical Report for “A Heliportable Sonic Drilling Platform for Microhole Drilling and Exploration”

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucon, Peter

    2008-05-05

    The Phase I objectives were fully achieved the execution of a program that included the: • Development of a comprehensive model of the sonic drill technology and interaction of the dynamic drilling parameters with the impedance of the earth. • Operation and measurement of the sonic drilling process in the field at full scale. • Comparison of the analytical and experimental results to form an objective and quantified approach to describe the fundamental phenomena and to develop a methodology for automated control of the sonic drilling process. • Conceptual design of a modular sonic drilling system that can be transported to remote sites by helicopter. As a result, the feasibility of a commercially viable sonic drilling technology that can produce microholes up to 1,500 feet in depth, and that is field deployable to remote, environmentally sensitive sites via a helicopter, has been demonstrated.

  3. Testing the process of drilling - analysis of drilling performance in variegated sandstone and Keuper in Northern Germany; Der Bohrprozess auf dem Pruefstand - Analyse der Bohrleistungen im Buntsandstein und Keuper in Norddeutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pust, G.; Tschaffler, H. [Mobil Erdgas Erdoel GmbH, Celle (Germany); Grunwald, R. [BEB Erdgas und Erdoel GmbH, Nienhagen (Germany); Gloth, H. [TU Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany); Marx, C. [ITE, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    The aim of the project launched jointly by DGMK and 5 companies from the German oil- and gas industry and two institutes for drilling technologies was to find suitable ways in which the drilling progress in formations with bad drilling conditions in Northern Germany, i.e. lower and middle variegated sandstone and Keuper can be increases in order to bring costs down. The borehole sunk in Northern Germany were surveyed and inventorised. Data were subjected to a thorough statistical analysis in order to obtain optimal drilling parameters and improve the drilling tools. Basic studies on rock damaging were also to be included in order to better understand the processes. Finally, the project aims at realising the optimal drilling parameters, increase drilling progress, use improved drilling machinery and thus cut costs. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ziel des DGMK-Gemeinschaftsprojektes mit 5 Firmen der deutschen Erdoel- und Erdgasindustrie sowie 2 bohrtechnischen Instituten war es, durch geeignete Massnahmen den Bohrfortschritt in schlechtbohrbaren Formationen in Norddeutschland, naemlich unterer und mittlerer Buntsandstein sowie Keuper, zu erhoehen und damit einen Beitrag zur Kostensenkung zu leisten. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, sollte eine Bestandsaufnahme der in Norddeutschland abgeteuften Bohrungen erfolgen. Die Daten sollten einer eingehenden statistischen Auswertung unterzogen werden. Hieraus sollten optimale Bohrparameter und Verbesserungen der Bohrwerkzeuge abgeleitet werden. Ferner sollten grundlegende Untersuchungen zur Gesteinszerstoerung herangezogen werden, um ein besseres Verstaendnis fuer die ablaufenden Prozesse zu bekommen. Durch die Realisierung optimaler Bohrparameter und den Einsatz verbesserter Bohrwerkszeuge sollte schliesslich die Erhoehung des Bohrfortschritts und damit eine Senkung der Kosten erreicht werden. (orig.)

  4. Managed pressure drilling from floaters: feasibility studies for applying managed pressure drilling from a floater on the Skarv/Idun field on the Norwegian Continental Shelf by PGNiG Norway AS

    OpenAIRE

    Chrzanowski, Wojciech Stanislaw

    2011-01-01

    Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) is a relatively young technology that has improved some old ideas of Underbalanced Drilling (UBD). According to the IADC, MPD is an “adaptive process used to precisely control the annular pressure profile throughout the wellbore. The goal is to ascertain the downhole pressure environment limits and to manage the annular pressure profile accordingly”. In other words the main aim of MPD is to avoid continuous influx of formation fluids to the surfa...

  5. A comparative analysis of 21 inch and 16 inch drilling riser for deepwater application

    OpenAIRE

    Permana, Whida Elastu

    2012-01-01

    When offshore drilling needs to be conducted in deepwater and ultra-deepwater area, a significant increase of weight to be accommodated by the drilling rig due to more riser joints and larger drilling mud volume becomes a challenge that has to be carefully looked after. However, with the growing technology of semisubmersible drilling rigs, drilling systems and methods, subsea and downhole systems, and so on, the deepwater and ultra-deepwater drilling operation has been more enabled than ever....

  6. Laser Drilling - Drilling with the Power of Light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iraj A. Salehi; Brian C. Gahan; Samih Batarseh

    2007-02-28

    Gas Technology Institute (GTI) has been the leading investigator in the field of high power laser applications research for well construction and completion applications. Since 1997, GTI (then as Gas Research Institute- GRI) has investigated several military and industrial laser systems and their ability to cut and drill into reservoir type rocks. In this report, GTI continues its investigation with a 5.34 kW ytterbium-doped multi-clad high power fiber laser (HPFL). When compared to its competitors; the HPFL represents a technology that is more cost effective to operate, capable of remote operations, and requires considerably less maintenance and repair. Work performed under this contract included design and implementation of laboratory experiments to investigate the effects of high power laser energy on a variety of rock types. All previous laser/rock interaction tests were performed on samples in the lab at atmospheric pressure. To determine the effect of downhole pressure conditions, a sophisticated tri-axial cell was designed and tested. For the first time, Berea sandstone, limestone and clad core samples were lased under various combinations of confining, axial and pore pressures. Composite core samples consisted of steel cemented to rock in an effort to represent material penetrated in a cased hole. The results of this experiment will assist in the development of a downhole laser perforation or side tracking prototype tool. To determine how this promising laser would perform under high pressure in-situ conditions, GTI performed a number of experiments with results directly comparable to previous data. Experiments were designed to investigate the effect of laser input parameters on representative reservoir rock types of sandstone and limestone. The focus of the experiments was on laser/rock interaction under confining pressure as would be the case for all drilling and completion operations. As such, the results would be applicable to drilling, perforation, and

  7. Developing status and prospects of gas drilling technology in CBM well%煤层气井气体钻井技术发展现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申瑞臣; 夏焱

    2011-01-01

    煤层气储层的特殊性对煤层气钻井时的储层保护提出了更高的要求.用气体钻井方式开采煤层气是一种有效的保护储层的手段,被国外油田广泛采用.气体钻井方式的选择必须考虑地层的适用性、应用模式、后期完井方式以及经济性.通过对国外煤层气开发中气体钻井的应用情况、煤层特点、气体钻井应用于煤层气的技术模式进行分析,结合我国煤层气特点及气体钻井技术现状,探讨了在我国煤层气开发中开展气体钻井的可行性.%The particularity of coal bed methane reservoir has made the reservoir protection being put into a higher level during the drilling in CBM well. Gas drilling was considered to be one of effective methods to develop the coal bed methane and was used commonly on aboard. The selection of gas drilling manner must take into account the suitable, applied mode, later completion method and the economic. The application, characteristics of coal bed and technique mode of gas drilling applied to coal bed methane development on aboard were firstly analyzed, and then the characteristics of coal bed methane and gas drilling technology in China were investigated, finally the feasibility of introducing gas drilling into CMB development in our country was discussed.

  8. Western Canada SAGD drilling and completions performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turchin, S.; Tucker, R. [Ziff Energy Group (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    In the heavy oil industry, steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is a thermal recovery method used to enhance oil recovery. In 2009, Ziff Energy carried out a study on SAGD drilling and completions performance in Western Canada. This paper presents the methodology used to assess drilling performances and the results obtained. This study was conducted on 159 SAGD well pairs and 1,833 delineation wells in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin from late 2004 to fall 2008. The drilling performance assessment was calculated from several aspects including well quality, drilling and completions cost performance and drilling time analysis. This study provided a detailed analysis of drilling and completions costs of SAGD which can help companies to improve their performance.

  9. Freezing drillings at the shaft deepening at Lyukobanya in 1986

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Csiszar, L.

    1988-01-01

    The preliminaries of freezing drilling in Hungary are summarized and the deepening of the Lyukobanya shaft by means of this method is discussed. The drilling equipment and the drilling parameters are listed and the incorporation of freezing tubes is dealt with in detail. The problems and measurement of vertical drilling with this technology are presented on the basis of experiments carried out on the Lyukobanya shaft.

  10. Pose Accuracy Compensation Technology in Robot-aided Aircraft Assembly Drilling Process%机器人辅助飞机装配制孔中位姿精度补偿技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲巍崴; 董辉跃; 柯映林

    2011-01-01

    In automatic aircraft assembly, one focus of attention is robotic drilling technology with its high flexibility and relatively low cost. However, pose errors hard to compensate of the robotic end tool may exist which are caused not only by the dynamic and static error of the robot, but also by errors in the calibration and transformation of the coordinate frames. To improve the accuracy of the position and orientation of the robotic end tool, a robot-aided aircraft assembly drilling system is constructed based on laser tracker closed-loop feedback. Methods to build key coordinate frames of the system using the laser tracker are first discussed. Then, the constitutive factors of the robotic tool pose error are analyzed. A pose difference matrix between the theoretical pose and actual pose of the robotic tool in the drilling position is evaluated to eliminate remnant errors caused by the robotic dynamic error, static error, machining error, matching error and measuring error, etc. Finally, a simulation test for validating the feasibility of the above algorithm and a drilling test of ribbed-plate parts is executed. For a robotic drilling prototype system, by introducing the laser tracker closed-loop feedback compensation, the robotic drilling error is such that the position precision is effectively controlled within ±0.2 mm and the orientation precision of the normal angle is within ±1". The accuracy and quality obtained by the above robot-aided drilling method can satisfy the requirements of aircraft assembly.%在飞机自动化装配中,机器人制孔技术由于其高度柔性和相对低成本而倍受关注.然而,机器人本身的动、静态误差及制孔过程大量坐标系标定和坐标转换会引起难以补偿的残留误差,为提高机器人制孔的位置和姿态精度,构建一种基于激光跟踪仪闭环反馈的机器人辅助飞机装配制孔系统.本文首先论述应用激光跟踪仪建立系统中关键坐标系的方法,并分析

  11. Robotic Planetary Drill Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Brian J.; Thompson, S.; Paulsen, G.

    2010-01-01

    Several proposed or planned planetary science missions to Mars and other Solar System bodies over the next decade require subsurface access by drilling. This paper discusses the problems of remote robotic drilling, an automation and control architecture based loosely on observed human behaviors in drilling on Earth, and an overview of robotic drilling field test results using this architecture since 2005. Both rotary-drag and rotary-percussive drills are targeted. A hybrid diagnostic approach incorporates heuristics, model-based reasoning and vibration monitoring with neural nets. Ongoing work leads to flight-ready drilling software.

  12. Information Technology to Support Improved Care For Chronic Illness

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Alexander S.; Chaney, Edmund; Shoai, Rebecca; Bonner, Laura; Cohen, Amy N.; Doebbeling, Brad; Dorr, David; Goldstein, Mary K.; Kerr, Eve; Nichol, Paul; Perrin, Ruth

    2007-01-01

    Background In populations with chronic illness, outcomes improve with the use of care models that integrate clinical information, evidence-based treatments, and proactive management of care. Health information technology is believed to be critical for efficient implementation of these chronic care models. Health care organizations have implemented information technologies, such as electronic medical records, to varying degrees. However, considerable uncertainty remains regarding the relative ...

  13. An overview of weapons technologies used to improve US healthcare

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fahrenholtz, J.; Kovarik, T.L.

    1995-05-01

    At Sandia National Laboratories the Biomedical Engineering Program uses existing weapons-related technology in medical applications in order to reduce health care costs, improve diagnoses, and promote efficient health care delivery. This paper describes several projects which use Sandia technologies to solve biomedical problems. Specific technical capabilities that are important to this program include sensor data interpretation, robotics, lasers and optics, microelectronics, image processing and materials.

  14. Technological Design and Parametric Analysis of Annular Aerated Drilling%环空充气钻井工艺设计及参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦亮彬; 李根生; 沈忠厚; 吴春方; 刘文旭

    2013-01-01

    The gas phase distribution of traditional parasitic tube aerated drilling tool is uneven in annulus. Therefore, a new type of parasitic tube aerated drilling tool with even distribution of annular gas was designed. According to heat transfer theory, thermodynamic theory and the theory of vertical gas liquid two-phase pipe flow, the optimization analysis of the parameters of the annular aeration technology was conducted considering the variation of injection gas physical property with shaft temperature and pressure. The findings show that annular pressure first decreases with the increase of gas injection rate and then gradually increases. The gas flowrate slightly larger than that at the critical point is taken as the gas injection rate. The variation amplitude of annular pressure in the static control zone is noticeably greater than wellhead back pressure variation. The annular pressure becomes sensitive. In the friction control zone with the variation of wellhead back pressure, the variation amplitude of annular pressure is relatively small, getting milder and thus is easier to regulate.%针对传统寄生管充气钻井工具在环空中形成的气相分布不均匀的弊端,设计了一种新型环形气体均布寄生管充气钻井工具.根据传热学、热力学和垂直气液两相管流理论,考虑注入气体物性随井筒温度压力变化,对环空充气工艺参数进行优化分析.分析结果表明,环空压力随注气量增大先急剧降低后逐渐升高,注气量通常选择在稍大于临界点处对应的气体流量;在静压控制区环空压力变化幅度明显大于井口回压变化,环空压力变化敏感;在摩擦控制区随井口回压变化,环空压力变化幅度较小,更加缓和,易于调节.

  15. Modern Shale Gas Horizontal Drilling: Review of Best Practices for Exploration Phase Planning and Execution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nathaniel Harding; Stephen Smith; John Shelton; Mike D. Bumaman

    2009-01-01

    The challenging characteristics of shale formations often require horizontal drilling to economically develop their potential. While every shale gas play is unique, there are several best practices for the proper planning and execution of a horizontal well. In planning a horizontal well, the optimal method and technology for building inclination and extending the lateral section must be determined. Properly specified logging-while-drilling tools are essential to keep the wellbore within the target formation. Planning must also focus on casing design. Doing so will help ensure stability and enable reliable and productive completions. Shales pose a challenge for these elements of well planning due to their thin strata and potentially low mechanical competence when foreign fluids are introduced. Once a plan is developed, executing it is even more important to prove a viable exploration program. Fast, efficient drilling with wellbore control and minimal torque and drag should be the priority. This may be achieved by focusing on fluid hydraulics and rheology and bottom hole assembly. Managed pressure drilling (MPD) will help fast drilling, well control and stability. If MPD can be combined with new generation rotary steerable systems that allow the drill string to maintain rotation, impressive efficiencies are possible. Modern drilling parameter analysis represents the newest opportunity for executing shale gas horizontal wells. A method for ROP analysis to improve operational parameters and equipment selection is also proposed.

  16. Quantitative Determination of Technological Improvement from Patent Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The results in this paper establish that information contained in patents in a technological domain is strongly correlated with the rate of technological progress in that domain. The importance of patents in a domain, the recency of patents in a domain and the immediacy of patents in a domain are all strongly correlated with increases in the rate of performance improvement in the domain of interest. A patent metric that combines both importance and immediacy is not only highly correlated (r = 0.76, p = 2.6*10-6) with the performance improvement rate but the correlation is also very robust to domain selection and appears to have good predictive power for more than ten years into the future. Linear regressions with all three causal concepts indicate realistic value in practical use to estimate the important performance improvement rate of a technological domain. PMID:25874447

  17. Improving sound absorption of aluminum foams by drilling holes%穿孔法改进泡沫铝的吸声性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁文文; 李言祥; 陈祥

    2011-01-01

    Aluminum foams with various cell sizes and porosities were prepared by the melt foaming process.The sound absorption properties of aluminum foams with different porosities in as-received state and with drilling holes of 1.1 mm diameter were investigated.The results show that the aluminum foams in as-received state with no back cavity do not possess high sound absorbability, while setting up a back cavity behind the foam can improve the sound absorbability according to some permeable structures existing inside the aluminum foam; the noise reduction coefficients of the aluminum foams with 0.5%-1.0% holes area ratio and 60-80 mm thick back cavity are above 0.42, which are about twice more than that of the aluminum foam in as-received state with no back cavity.The sound absorption coefficients of the aluminum foams with drilling holes comply with the characteristics of Helmholtz-type resonators when a back cavity exists.But they are affected by the structure of the drilling holes, the permeable structures derived from inherent defect inside the aluminum foam and the small openings on the cells formed by drilling process.%利用熔体发泡技术制备不同孔径和气孔率的泡沫铝,对不同气孔率的原始状态泡沫铝以及孔径为1.1 mm的穿孔泡沫铝的吸声性能进行研究.结果表明:未设置背腔时,原始状态泡沫铝的吸声性能不高,设置背腔后,由于泡沫铝中所含通透结构的作用,泡沫铝的吸声性能明显提高;穿孔泡沫铝的穿孔率在0.5%~1.0%范围,设置60~80 mm背腔时可使降噪系数超过0.42,比原始状态泡沫铝不设置背腔时的降噪系数高2倍左右;穿孔泡沫铝设置背腔后的吸声特性符合Helmholtz共振吸声的规律,但受到穿孔结构、泡沫铝原本存在的缺陷组成的通透结构和气泡孔在穿孔过程中被打开的小开口等因素的影响.

  18. 滨海新区钻探取芯技术的改良及应用%Improvement and application of core-drilling technique in Binhai new area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐波; 牛文明; 张一飞

    2011-01-01

    阐述了滨海新区的地层结构特征,分析了该区域常规地质钻探取芯工艺的现状,指出目前普遍采用的单管干钻投球取芯法存在的问题是岩芯采取率低、原状土样扰动严重。以滨海新区某1200m超深地质钻孔施工为例,研究总结了该钻孔为提高钻探质量所进行的系列技术改良,详细分析了为提高岩芯采取率、减少土样扰动而进行的钻具异径接头、钻头及岩芯保护罩的改进,并就应用效果与常规的钻探取芯方法进行比较,分析认为这种改进使钻探取芯质量得到了有效提高,改进效果良好。%The stratigraphic characteristics and the conventional geological coring drilling technique in Binhai new area are elaborated.It is pointed out that the problem existed in the single-pipe dry drilling pitch which is commonly used is the low percentage of core recovery,which seriously disturbs the undisturbed soil samples.Taking the super deep geological drilling which is 1200m depth in Binhai new area as an example,a series of technical improvement for improving the quality of the drilling are studied and summarized.The improvement for the different diameter connector of drilling tool,the bit and the core shield is analyzed in detail,which improves the percentage of core recovery and decreases the disturbance to soil samples.The application effect of the improved technique is compared with that of the conventional core-drilling technique.It is believed that the quality of the core drilling has been effectively improved,and the technical improvement has gotten good application results.

  19. Benchmarking and Performance Improvement at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliott, C. [Kaiser-Hill Co., LLC, Golden, CO (United States)], Doyle, D. [USDOE Rocky Flats Office, Golden, CO (United States)], Featherman, W.D. [Project Performance Corp., Sterline, VA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has initiated a major work process improvement campaign using the tools of formalized benchmarking and streamlining. This paper provides insights into some of the process improvement activities performed at Rocky Flats from November 1995 through December 1996. It reviews the background, motivation, methodology, results, and lessons learned from this ongoing effort. The paper also presents important gains realized through process analysis and improvement including significant cost savings, productivity improvements, and an enhanced understanding of site work processes.

  20. 基于油基钻井液提高钻速的原理与方法%Research on Mechanism and Methods of Improving ROP for Oil-based Drilling Fluid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王富华; 谭学超; 高鲁军; 王瑞和; 郭保雨

    2012-01-01

    The positive and adverse influences of oil-based drilling fluid on ROP are analyzed with the general equation for drilling rate in terms of the properties of oil-based drilling fluid. It indicates that the formation lithology superior to the well type and drilling fluid exerts the main influence on ROP. The optimum type of drilling bit and optimization of drilling parameters play a more important role in improving ROP than the formulation and performances of drilling fluid. Through regulating the composition of drilling fluid, cleaning bits, alternating wettability of bottom-hole rock, improving the extreme pressure lubricity, adding neutral wetting agent, mixing high temperature stability oil-soluble macromolecule agent to replace organic clay and oxidized asphalt, reducing the contents of micron and submicron particles, modifying shear thinning behavior and increasing efficiency of carrying cuttings to help improving the ROP effectively.%结合通用钻速方程和油基钻井液的特点,分析了油基钻井液对钻速正反两方面的影响,指出了影响机械钻速的主要因素是地层岩石特性,其次是井型和钻井液性能.提高机械钻速的主要途径包括钻头的合理选型、钻进技术参数的合理优化,以及钻井液配方与性能优化.通过调整钻井液配方与性能,使其能够有效清洁钻头、改变井底岩石的润湿性、大幅度提高钻井液的极压润滑性;向钻井液中加入中性润湿剂改变微裂隙表面润湿性;加入抗高温的油溶性高分子增黏提切剂代替有机土、氧化沥青等胶体颗粒,以便降低微米、亚微米颗粒含量,提高剪切稀释性和携岩效率,从而提高机械钻速.

  1. Wellbore Surveying While Drilling Based on Kalman Filtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud ElGizawy

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Oil and gas are global fuels obtained primarily from drilling wells in underground terrestrial reservoirs. Vertical drilling is preferred because of its simplicity and therefore low cost, but subsurface targets can often be procured only by directing the wellbore along predefined non-vertical trajectories. For instance, directional drilling must be employed to reach locations inaccessible to the drilling rig, to side track an existing well (multilateral drilling, or to drill multiple wells from the same offshore platform (horizontal drilling. Approach: A complete knowledge of the wellbore direction and orientation during the drilling process is essential to guarantee proper directional drilling procedure. Results: Thus, besides the conventional drilling assembly, directional drilling operations require sensors to provide azimuth, inclination and toolface angles of the drill. These sensors are part of the Measurement-While-Drilling (MWD tool, which in current technology is installed several feet behind the drill bit. In such systems, values for inclination and toolface angles are determined from accelerometer measurements at predetermined stationary surveying stations; these values are then incorporated with magnetometer measurements to deliver the azimuth angle. Values for inclination and azimuth angles at the current surveying station are combined with those from the previous station to compute the position of the probe. However, there is no accurate information about the wellbore trajectory between survey stations. Additionally, the magnetic field of the magnetometers has deleterious effect on the overall accuracy of surveying measurements. Conclusion: A method to provide continuous information about the wellbore trajectory has been developed in this study. The module developed integrates a Rotary Steerable System (RSS and MWD tool into one drilling probe utilizing Inertial Navigation System (INS technology. This is achieved

  2. Drilling lfuid design and test method for offshore ultra-HTHP wells and new drilling lfuid technology abroad%海洋超高温高压井钻井液设计与测试方法及国外钻井液新技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓栋; 朱红卫; 高永会

    2014-01-01

    -based drilling lfuid, anti-220℃ultra-high temperature high density cesium formate drilling lfuid, anti-180℃high temperature clay-free reservoir drilling lfuid, anti-260℃ultra-high temperature oil-based drilling lfuid and anti-315℃extremely high temperature lfuorine invert emulsion drilling lfuid in abroad. The above technologies are of reference signiifcance to the research on ultra-high temperature or even extremely high temperature drilling lfuid technology in China.

  3. Evaluation of commercial drilling and geological software for deep drilling applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierdominici, Simona; Prevedel, Bernhard; Conze, Ronald; Tridec Team

    2013-04-01

    The avoidance of operational delays, financial losses and drilling hazards are key indicators for successful deep drilling operations. Real-time monitoring of drilling operation data as well as geological and petrophysical information obtained during drilling provide valuable knowledge that can be integrated into existing geological and mechanical models in order to improve the drilling performance. We have evaluated ten different geological and drilling software packages capable to integrate real-time drilling and planning data (e.g. torque, drag, well path, cementing, hydraulic data, casing design, well control, geo-steering, cost and time) as well as other scientific and technical data (i.e. from drilling core, geophysical downhole logging, production test) to build geological and geophysical models for planning of further deep drillings in a given geological environment. To reach this goal, the software has to be versatile to handle different data formats from disciplines such as geology, geophysics, petrophysics, seismology and drilling engineering as well as data from different drilling targets, such as geothermal fluids, oil/gas, water reservoirs, mining purpose, CO2 sequestration, or scientific goals. The software must be capable to analyze, evaluate and plan in real-time the next drilling steps in the best possible way and under safe conditions. A preliminary geological and geophysical model with the available data from site surveys and literature is built to address a first drilling plan, in which technical and scientific aspects are taken into consideration to perform the first drilling (wildcat well). During the drilling, the acquired scientific and technical data will be used to refine the previous geological-drilling model. The geological model hence becomes an interactive object strongly linked to the drilling procedure, and the software should allow to make rapid and informed decisions while drilling, to maximize productivity and minimize drilling

  4. Microhole High-Pressure Jet Drill for Coiled Tubing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ken Theimer; Jack Kolle

    2007-06-30

    Tempress Small Mechanically-Assisted High-Pressure Waterjet Drilling Tool project centered on the development of a downhole intensifier (DHI) to boost the hydraulic pressure available from conventional coiled tubing to the level required for high-pressure jet erosion of rock. We reviewed two techniques for implementing this technology (1) pure high-pressure jet drilling and (2) mechanically-assisted jet drilling. Due to the difficulties associated with modifying a downhole motor for mechanically-assisted jet drilling, it was determined that the pure high-pressure jet drilling tool was the best candidate for development and commercialization. It was also determined that this tool needs to run on commingled nitrogen and water to provide adequate downhole differential pressure and to facilitate controlled pressure drilling and descaling applications in low pressure wells. The resulting Microhole jet drilling bottomhole assembly (BHA) drills a 3.625-inch diameter hole with 2-inch coil tubing. The BHA consists of a self-rotating multi-nozzle drilling head, a high-pressure rotary seal/bearing section, an intensifier and a gas separator. Commingled nitrogen and water are separated into two streams in the gas separator. The water stream is pressurized to 3 times the inlet pressure by the downhole intensifier and discharged through nozzles in the drilling head. The energy in the gas-rich stream is used to power the intensifier. Gas-rich exhaust from the intensifier is conducted to the nozzle head where it is used to shroud the jets, increasing their effective range. The prototype BHA was tested at operational pressures and flows in a test chamber and on the end of conventional coiled tubing in a test well. During instrumented runs at downhole conditions, the BHA developed downhole differential pressures of 74 MPa (11,000 psi, median) and 90 MPa (13,000 psi, peaks). The median output differential pressure was nearly 3 times the input differential pressure available from the

  5. Using Flashcard Drill Methods and Self-Graphing Procedures to Improve the Reading Performance of English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albers, Craig A.; Hoffman, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    The increasing numbers of English language learners who are enrolled in schools across the nation, combined with the escalating academic demands placed on all students, warrant the evaluation of instructional strategies designed to improve English language learners' reading performance. In this study, the authors used a multiple baseline design…

  6. Joint Rescue Drill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Ships gather for a joint rescue drill at the Waigaoqiao Dock in Shanghai on August 24.A large-scale rescue drill, combining maritime and air forces,was held as part of the ongoing World Maritime Rescue Conference 2011 in the city.During the drill,

  7. Evolution of the horizontal drilling operations in the Ramos field; Evolucion de la perforacion horizontal en el Yacimiento Ramos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piasco, Luis E.; Alegria, Antonio; Eguia, Hugo V.; Luna, Juan C. [PLUSPETROL Exploracion y Produccion, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Marcelo, Nguyen [PLUSPETROL Peru Corporation, Lima (Peru)

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show the progress related to the horizontal drilling operations in the Ramos Field in accordance with the technology evolution and the reservoir knowledge. The Ramos field, characterized as a natural fractured reservoir of quartzitic sandstones, has been subject for the application of the horizontal drilling techniques with the objective of maximize the production and to avoid water conning problems in the future. This paper describes chronologically, the experiences and the technology that helped to achieve the different proposed objectives and to reach improvements on the horizontal an Malt drilling operations. On this way, we finish successfully the drilling and completion operations in the Ramos 1010 multilateral well. This well has two cased branches and is the first well in his type in the whole subandean belt. (author)

  8. Technological Specialisation Courses in Portugal: Description and Suggested Improvements

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Nilza Maria Vilhena Nunes; Simoes, Ana Raquel; Pereira, Giselia Antunes; Pombo, Lucia

    2009-01-01

    This study is a part of the "Post-secondary Vocational Training in Portugal Project: from a description through to suggestions to improve training quality", which ran from 2003 to 2006. This article, which makes use of data obtained from interviews with Directors of Schools which offer technological specialisation courses (CETs) and from…

  9. The economic valuation of improved process plant decision support technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Douglas C

    2007-06-01

    How can investments that would potentially improve a manufacturing plant's decision process be economically justified? What is the value of "better information," "more flexibility," or "improved integration" and the technologies that provide these effects? Technology investments such as improved process modelling, new real time historians and other databases, "smart" instrumentation, better data analysis and visualization software, and/or improved user interfaces often include these benefits as part of their valuation. How are these "soft" benefits to be converted to a quantitative economic return? Quantification is important if rational management decisions are to be made about the correct amount of money to invest in the technologies, and which technologies to choose among the many available ones. Modelling the plant operational decision cycle-detect, analyse, forecast, choose and implement--provides a basis for this economic quantification. In this paper a new economic model is proposed for estimation of the value of decision support investments based on their effect upon the uncertainty in forecasting plant financial performance. This model leads to quantitative benefit estimates that have a realistic financial basis. An example is presented demonstrating the application of the method.

  10. Information Literacy and technology to improve learning and education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed

    2011-01-01

    Mooij, T., & Smeets, E. (2011, 13-16 September). Information Literacy and technology to improve learning and education. Presentation and discussion in a cross-network symposium of networks 16 and 12 at the ‘European Conference on Educational Research’ of the “European Educational Research

  11. Information Literacy and technology to improve learning and education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed

    2011-01-01

    Mooij, T., & Smeets, E. (2011, 13-16 September). Information Literacy and technology to improve learning and education. Presentation and discussion in a cross-network symposium of networks 16 and 12 at the ‘European Conference on Educational Research’ of the “European Educational Research Associatio

  12. Information Literacy and technology to improve learning and education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed

    2011-01-01

    Mooij, T., & Smeets, E. (2011, 13-16 September). Information Literacy and technology to improve learning and education. Presentation and discussion in a cross-network symposium of networks 16 and 12 at the ‘European Conference on Educational Research’ of the “European Educational Research Associatio

  13. Phonetics drills in oral English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮继伟

    2014-01-01

    Phonetics teaching is one of the important parts of English teaching .To improve the students’ pronunciation in oral English ,the paper indicates the relation between English phonetics and oral English, the problems of speech sounds, and the methods of phonetic drills.

  14. Phonetics drills in oral English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮继伟

    2014-01-01

    Phonetics teaching is one of the important parts of English teaching.To improve the students’pronunciation in oral English,the paper indicates the relation between English phonetics and oral English,the problems of speech sounds,and the methods of phonetic drills.

  15. Technologies for improved soil carbon management and environmental quality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reicosky, D.C. [USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Morris, MN (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The objective of this paper is to create an environmental awareness of and to provide insight into the future balance of environment and economic issues in developing new technologies that benefit the farmer, the public, and agricultural product sales. Agricultural impacts of tillage-induced CO{sub 2} losses are addressed along with new and existing technologies to minimize tillage-induced flow of CO{sub 2} to the atmosphere, Emphasis is placed on the carbon cycle and the cost of environmental damage to illustrate the need for improved technologies leading to reduced environmental impacts by business ventures. New technologies and concepts related to methods of tillage and stover management for carbon sequestration with the agricultural production systems are presented. 16 refs., 3 figs.

  16. European consumer response to packaging technologies for improved beef safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Wezemael, Lynn; Ueland, Øydis; Verbeke, Wim

    2011-09-01

    Beef packaging can influence consumer perceptions of beef. Although consumer perceptions and acceptance are considered to be among the most limiting factors in the application of new technologies, there is a lack of knowledge about the acceptability to consumers of beef packaging systems aimed at improved safety. This paper explores European consumers' acceptance levels of different beef packaging technologies. An online consumer survey was conducted in five European countries (n=2520). Acceptance levels among the sample ranged between 23% for packaging releasing preservative additives up to 73% for vacuum packaging. Factor analysis revealed that familiar packaging technologies were clearly preferred over non-familiar technologies. Four consumer segments were identified: the negative (31% of the sample), cautious (30%), conservative (17%) and enthusiast (22%) consumers, which were profiled based on their attitudes and beef consumption behaviour. Differences between consumer acceptance levels should be taken into account while optimising beef packaging and communicating its benefits.

  17. Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kent Perry

    2009-04-30

    Gas Technology Institute (GTI), in partnership with Dennis Tool Company (DTC), has worked to develop an advanced drill bit system to be used with microhole drilling assemblies. One of the main objectives of this project was to utilize new and existing coiled tubing and slimhole drilling technologies to develop Microhole Technology (MHT) so as to make significant reductions in the cost of E&P down to 5000 feet in wellbores as small as 3.5 inches in diameter. This new technology was developed to work toward the DOE's goal of enabling domestic shallow oil and gas wells to be drilled inexpensively compared to wells drilled utilizing conventional drilling practices. Overall drilling costs can be lowered by drilling a well as quickly as possible. For this reason, a high drilling rate of penetration is always desired. In general, high drilling rates of penetration (ROP) can be achieved by increasing the weight on bit and increasing the rotary speed of the bit. As the weight on bit is increased, the cutting inserts penetrate deeper into the rock, resulting in a deeper depth of cut. As the depth of cut increases, the amount of torque required to turn the bit also increases. The Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System (CRTMDS) was planned to achieve high rate of penetration (ROP) resulting in the reduction of the drilling cost. The system includes two counter-rotating cutter systems to reduce or eliminate the reactive torque the drillpipe or coiled tubing must resist. This would allow the application of maximum weight-on-bit and rotational velocities that a coiled tubing drilling unit is capable of delivering. Several variations of the CRTDMS were designed, manufactured and tested. The original tests failed leading to design modifications. Two versions of the modified system were tested and showed that the concept is both positive and practical; however, the tests showed that for the system to be robust and durable, borehole diameter should be substantially larger

  18. BEACON SYNCHRONIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR “BEIDOU” TERRESTRIAL IMPROVEMENT SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEIJin-chen; TANGJi-qiang; SHENFeng

    2005-01-01

    Synchronization is an essential technology in the radio navigation system. The technique for improving the “Beidou” positioning ability is presented through constituting the terrestrial improvement system, and the beacon synchronization of the improvement system with the “Beidou” one-way time transfer model is realized.The direct digital synthesis (DDS) is adopted to generate the pseudo-random code clock having high precision and stability. Meanwhile, the CPLD device is used to design the synchronization pulse picking-up module, the spread spectrum PN code generator and the spread spectrum modulator. Measurement results indicate that the beacon synchronization has the high precision and the stability.

  19. Improved animal welfare, the right technology and increased business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Støier, S; Larsen, H D; Aaslyng, M D; Lykke, L

    2016-10-01

    Animal welfare is receiving increasing attention from the authorities, the public and NGOs. For this reason, the improvement of animal welfare and animal handling systems is of the utmost importance for the meat industry. Technological developments have led to more animal friendly systems that handle animals on the day of slaughter, and these developments will be even more important as consideration for animal welfare and sustainability is no longer just a trend but a licence to operate. Improvement of animal welfare also leads to a higher value of the carcasses due to higher product quality, less cut-off caused by fewer injuries, and reduced working load, which leads to increased business opportunities. Therefore, good animal welfare is good business, and the development and implementation of new technology is the way to obtain improved animal welfare. These subjects will be addressed using examples and cases from the pork and broiler production industry.

  20. 三塘湖致密油长水平段水平井钻井技术%Drilling technology for horizontal well with long horizontal sectionin Santanghu tight oil reservoir

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱峰; 杨立军

    2014-01-01

    三塘湖盆地致密油勘探开发前景广阔,水平井技术是实现该区有效开发的重要手段。从分析三塘湖致密油水平井钻井难点出发,开展了以井身结构优化及剖面设计、个性化钻头优选、低成本高效轨迹控制、提高水平段储层钻遇率及优质高效钻井液等关键技术为核心的攻关研究,形成了适应三塘湖致密油水平井优快钻进的配套技术系列,并在芦101等5口井进行了成功推广应用,提速效果显著。%Tight oil exploration in Santanghu Basin enjoys a broad prospect, and horizontal well technology is an important means for effective development of this region. This paper started with analysis of dififculties in horizontal well drilling in Santanghu tight oil formation and carried out research on key techniques such as wellbore conifguration optimization and proifle design, speciifc drilling selection, low-cost and high-efifcient trajectory control, increasing the encountering rate of reservoirs by horizontal section and quality, and effective drilling lfuid, etc. The paper has also developed supporting technique series suitable for optimized fast drilling of tight oil horizontal wells in Santanghu Basin, which has been successfully used in ifve wells like Well Lu 101 and realized remarkable increase in drilling rate.

  1. Multi-functional Anti-pollution Construction Structure for Drilling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Lirong; Yin Weidong; Yang Ping; Wang Rong

    1997-01-01

    @@ Treatment of drilling waste water is the focus of environmental protection for the East Sichuan Drilling Corporation. The three-functional (consists of settling pit, oil interceptor,cistern) construction structure against pollution from drilling waste water was preliminarily improved in 1989.

  2. Role of Recombinant DNA Technology to Improve Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suliman Khan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the past century, the recombinant DNA technology was just an imagination that desirable characteristics can be improved in the living bodies by controlling the expressions of target genes. However, in recent era, this field has demonstrated unique impacts in bringing advancement in human life. By virtue of this technology, crucial proteins required for health problems and dietary purposes can be produced safely, affordably, and sufficiently. This technology has multidisciplinary applications and potential to deal with important aspects of life, for instance, improving health, enhancing food resources, and resistance to divergent adverse environmental effects. Particularly in agriculture, the genetically modified plants have augmented resistance to harmful agents, enhanced product yield, and shown increased adaptability for better survival. Moreover, recombinant pharmaceuticals are now being used confidently and rapidly attaining commercial approvals. Techniques of recombinant DNA technology, gene therapy, and genetic modifications are also widely used for the purpose of bioremediation and treating serious diseases. Due to tremendous advancement and broad range of application in the field of recombinant DNA technology, this review article mainly focuses on its importance and the possible applications in daily life.

  3. Role of Recombinant DNA Technology to Improve Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Suliman; Ullah, Muhammad Wajid; Siddique, Rabeea; Nabi, Ghulam; Manan, Sehrish; Yousaf, Muhammad; Hou, Hongwei

    2016-01-01

    In the past century, the recombinant DNA technology was just an imagination that desirable characteristics can be improved in the living bodies by controlling the expressions of target genes. However, in recent era, this field has demonstrated unique impacts in bringing advancement in human life. By virtue of this technology, crucial proteins required for health problems and dietary purposes can be produced safely, affordably, and sufficiently. This technology has multidisciplinary applications and potential to deal with important aspects of life, for instance, improving health, enhancing food resources, and resistance to divergent adverse environmental effects. Particularly in agriculture, the genetically modified plants have augmented resistance to harmful agents, enhanced product yield, and shown increased adaptability for better survival. Moreover, recombinant pharmaceuticals are now being used confidently and rapidly attaining commercial approvals. Techniques of recombinant DNA technology, gene therapy, and genetic modifications are also widely used for the purpose of bioremediation and treating serious diseases. Due to tremendous advancement and broad range of application in the field of recombinant DNA technology, this review article mainly focuses on its importance and the possible applications in daily life.

  4. Role of Recombinant DNA Technology to Improve Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Suliman; Ullah, Muhammad Wajid; Siddique, Rabeea; Nabi, Ghulam; Manan, Sehrish; Yousaf, Muhammad

    2016-01-01

    In the past century, the recombinant DNA technology was just an imagination that desirable characteristics can be improved in the living bodies by controlling the expressions of target genes. However, in recent era, this field has demonstrated unique impacts in bringing advancement in human life. By virtue of this technology, crucial proteins required for health problems and dietary purposes can be produced safely, affordably, and sufficiently. This technology has multidisciplinary applications and potential to deal with important aspects of life, for instance, improving health, enhancing food resources, and resistance to divergent adverse environmental effects. Particularly in agriculture, the genetically modified plants have augmented resistance to harmful agents, enhanced product yield, and shown increased adaptability for better survival. Moreover, recombinant pharmaceuticals are now being used confidently and rapidly attaining commercial approvals. Techniques of recombinant DNA technology, gene therapy, and genetic modifications are also widely used for the purpose of bioremediation and treating serious diseases. Due to tremendous advancement and broad range of application in the field of recombinant DNA technology, this review article mainly focuses on its importance and the possible applications in daily life. PMID:28053975

  5. Advanced Technologies to Improve Closure of Life Support Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barta, Daniel J.

    2016-01-01

    As NASA looks beyond the International Space Station toward long-duration, deep space missions away from Earth, the current practice of supplying consumables and spares will not be practical nor affordable. New approaches are sought for life support and habitation systems that will reduce dependency on Earth and increase mission sustainability. To reduce launch mass, further closure of Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS) beyond the current capability of the ISS will be required. Areas of particular interest include achieving higher degrees of recycling within Atmosphere Revitalization, Water Recovery and Waste Management Systems. NASA is currently investigating advanced carbon dioxide reduction processes that surpass the level of oxygen recovery available from the Sabatier Carbon Dioxide Reduction Assembly (CRA) on the ISS. Candidate technologies will potentially improve the recovery of oxygen from about 50% (for the CRA) to as much as 100% for technologies who's end product is solid carbon. Improving the efficiency of water recycling and recovery can be achieved by the addition of advanced technologies to recover water from brines and solid wastes. Bioregenerative technologies may be utilized for water reclaimation and also for the production of food. Use of higher plants will simultaneously benefit atmosphere revitalization and water recovery through photosynthesis and transpiration. The level at which bioregenerative technologies are utilized will depend on their comparative requirements for spacecraft resources including mass, power, volume, heat rejection, crew time and reliability. Planetary protection requirements will need to be considered for missions to other solar system bodies.

  6. Technology of Pneumatic DTH Hammer Casing Drilling with Double Shock%气动潜孔锤双冲击跟管钻进技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑英飞; 王茂森; 岳文斌

    2014-01-01

    To solve the common problem of casing pipe breaking in DTH hammer drilling with casing and to increase the depth of drilling with casing, double shock of DTH hammer drilling with casing was adopted and casing pipe jar was designed to put external force to the top of the casing in the drilling process.By calculating the force of the jar and analyzing the factors on the maximum drilling depth of drilling with casing, this paper verifies that the impact generated by the jar can drive the casing follow-down smoothly, so as to solve the problem of casing pipe breaking and low depth of casing with drilling.%为了解决潜孔锤跟管钻进过程中经常发生的套管断裂问题以及增加套管跟管深度,采用了潜孔锤双冲击跟管钻进技术,设计了套管振击器,在钻进过程中对套管顶端施加外部作用力。通过计算套管振击器产生作用力的大小和分析套管跟管最大深度的影响因素,验证了振击器产生的冲击力能够使套管顺利跟进,解决了套管断裂及跟管深度过低的问题。

  7. Drilling and color-coding systems: a comparative analysis of two pronunciation techniques to improve L2 learners’ production of the -(e)d inflectional

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Cervantes, Irene

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzes the usefulness of drilling and color-coding systems to help a group of advanced English students pronounce the -(e)d inflectional ending in past and past participial forms of regular verbs. Subjects were three engineering professors working at the University of Costa Rica. After evaluating each technique, results show that the allomorphs /t/ and /d/ were more difficult to identify and pronounce than /Id/. Drilling was effective to identify the realizations, yet it did not ...

  8. Improving truck safety: Potential of weigh-in-motion technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Jacob

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Trucks exceeding the legal mass limits increase the risk of traffic accidents and damage to the infrastructure. They also result in unfair competition between transport modes and companies. It is therefore important to ensure truck compliance to weight regulation. New technologies are being developed for more efficient overload screening and enforcement. Weigh-in-Motion (WIM technologies allow trucks to be weighed in the traffic flow, without any disruption to operations. Much progress has been made recently to improve and implement WIM systems, which can contribute to safer and more efficient operation of trucks.

  9. Drilling fluids engineering to drill extra-heavy oil reservoir on the Orinoco Oil Belt, eastern Venezuela

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pino, R.; Gonazalez, W. [Proamsa, Maturin, Monagas (Venezuela)

    2008-07-01

    Petrocedeno is an exploration and development company operating in Venezuela. As part of a multidisciplinary group, Proamsa has been working with Petrocedeno to drill horizontal wells while minimizing issues related to the handling of drilling fluids. Proamsa is the only 100 per cent Venezuelan Company involved in drilling extra-heavy oil wells. The drilling plan for Petrocedeno was divided into two campaigns. More than 400 horizontal wells were drilled during the first campaign from 1999 to 2003 which represented over 2,500,000 drilled feet into the Oficina Formation (pay zone of the field). From 2006, during the second drilling campaign, and another 154 horizontal wells having been drilled until 2006 utilizing the xantam gum viscoelastic fluid. This paper discussed the field geology of the Orinoco oil belt. Well design was also explained and discussed and drilling fluid design and new fluid formations were presented. The benefits of xantam gum viscoelastic fluid were also discussed. It was concluded that recycling of drilling fluid from well to well minimized volume and reduced costs. In addition, centrifugation of drilling fluids either on intermediate or horizontals sections while the rig was skidding was always a very good practice avoiding mixing additional volumes. It was also demonstrated that the initial idea to provide a drilling fluid service company with a 100 per cent national value was a success, as demonstrated by the high performance shown by Proamsa during the second drilling campaign with external technologic support. 6 refs., 4 tabs., 4 figs.

  10. Drilling Technology for Deep Inclined Hole in Chengjiagou-Shagou Silver Multi-metal Mine%洛宁程家沟-沙沟银多金属矿中深斜孔钻探技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时志兴

    2013-01-01

    The occurrence is steep with ore concentrating in Chengjiagou-Shagou silver polymetallic ore deposit.Because drilling designs are mostly branch holes with medium depth and large slope, the borehole quality is the key technology.By the construction case of 1550m inclined hole, the paper introduces the selection of medium-depth inclined hole drilling technology and the concrete measures for ensuring drilling hole curvature.%洛宁程家沟-沙沟银多金属矿区矿床产状陡,矿体集中,钻探设计多为分支孔,钻孔中深、斜度大。如何要在保证效益的情况下确保钻孔质量成为关键技术。通过1550 m斜孔施工实例,介绍了矿区中深斜孔钻探工艺的选择及保证钻孔弯曲度的具体措施。

  11. Gas Drilling Technology for Carboniferous Nappe in Northern Huoshaoshan%火烧山北部石炭系推覆体气体钻井技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石建刚; 杨虎; 周鹏高; 乾彬

    2014-01-01

    火烧山北部(简称火北)石炭系推覆体厚度超过1000 m ,机械钻速低,为了提高钻速,在火北021井和火北022井进行了气体钻井技术试验。为了确保气体钻井的顺利实施,利用邻井钻井/测井资料建立了地层三压力剖面,根据地层三压力剖面进行了井眼稳定性评价,通过优选井身结构封隔不稳定地层,利用环空钻屑传输比计算最佳注气量。试验结果表明,火北地区石炭系推覆体适用于气体钻井技术,气体钻井的平均机械钻速达到5.37 m/h ,较邻井同井段常规钻井提高4倍左右,钻井周期大幅缩短。这表明,火北地区应用气体钻井技术可以提高钻速,能为加快该地区致密油的勘探进程提供技术保障,同时也为准噶尔盆地火山岩地层钻井提速积累了宝贵经验。%The carboniferous nappe in northern Huoshaoshan is over 1 000 m in thickness ,which poses low penetration rate problem in drilling .In order to speed up well drilling ,test of gas drilling was conduc-ted in Well Huobei 021 and Huobei 022 .To ensure the successful implementation of gas drilling ,drilling and & logging data of offset wells were used to predict pore pressure ,fracturing pressure and borehole col-lapse pressureset up the three formation pressure of the carboniferous nappe interval ,borehole stability was evaluated based on these pressure profiles ;formations with potential stability problems were sealed through optimizing casing program ;optimum gas injection rate was calculated by using annular drilling cutting transport ratio .The test showed that gas drilling technique is suitable for carboniferous nappe in Northern Huoshaoshan ,w here average penetration rate of gas drilling reached 5.37 m/h ,about 4 times higher than conventional drilling at the same interval ,resulting in significant reduction in drilling cycled .This showed that gas drilling in Huobei Area could increase drilling speed ,which not

  12. 新场气田长水平段水平井钻井技术%Long lateral-section horizontal well drilling technology in Xinchang Gas field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥豪; 唐洪林; 张晓明

    2013-01-01

    To improve the development effect of Xinchang gas field in western Sichuan, a long lateral-section horizontal well pat-tern of three wells was deployed in the northern of Xinchang structure. Based on the analysis on reservoir geology characteristics, the well structures were optimized to two trips from three trips. These wells have the characteristics of long open hole, long lateral section, and large displacement. Through making the hole trajectory control measures, monitoring drag and torque, and optimizing drilling fluid, the drilling efficiency of the pattern wells has been greatly improved, cooperated with PDC bit during drilling, which provided precious experiences for drilling long lateral-section horizontal wells in mid-depth formation in western Sichuan.%  为提高川西新场气田开发效果,在新场构造北翼部署了一个3口井长水平段水平井井组。在油藏地质特征分析的基础上,将以往三开井身结构优化为二开;针对水平井裸眼段长、水平段长、位移大的特点,通过采用井眼轨迹控制、摩阻扭矩监测技术以及优选钻井液体系等措施,并配合高效PDC钻头,安全高效地完成了钻井施工,为川西地区中深长水平段水平井钻探积累了宝贵的经验。

  13. Accountability and assessment of emergency drill performance at schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Marizen; Kubicek, Katrina; Peek-Asa, Corinne; Wong, Marleen

    2009-01-01

    Many schools throughout the United States are mandated to hold drills, or operational exercises, to prepare for fires, earthquakes, violence, and other emergencies. However, drills have not been assessed for their effectiveness in improving preparedness at schools. This mixed-methods study measures the quantity and the quality of drills in an urban school district in Los Angeles. Compliance with California mandates was fair; most schools barely met requirements. Drills were not used as opportunities to improve procedures. Sites neither conducted any self-assessments nor made changes to procedures on the basis of performance. Suggestions include developing realistic simulated exercises, debriefing, and better school accountability for drills.

  14. Recovery Efficiency Test Project: Phase 1, Activity report. Volume 1: Site selection, drill plan preparation, drilling, logging, and coring operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Overbey, W.K. Jr.; Carden, R.S.; Kirr, J.N.

    1987-04-01

    The recovery Efficiency Test well project addressed a number of technical issues. The primary objective was to determine the increased efficiency gas recovery of a long horizontal wellbore over that of a vertical wellbore and, more specifically, what improvements can be expected from inducing multiple hydraulic fractures from such a wellbore. BDM corporation located, planned, and drilled a long radius turn horizontal well in the Devonian shale Lower Huron section in Wayne County, West Virginia, demonstrating that state-of-the-art technology is capable of drilling such wells. BDM successfully tested drilling, coring, and logging in a horizontal well using air as the circulating medium; conducted reservoir modeling studies to protect flow rates and reserves in advance of drilling operations; observed two phase flow conditions in the wellbore not observed previously; cored a fracture zone which produced gas; observed that fractures in the core and the wellbore were not systematically spaced (varied from 5 to 68 feet in different parts of the wellbore); observed that highest gas show rates reported by the mud logger corresponded to zone with lowest fracture spacing (five feet) or high fracture frequency. Four and one-half inch casting was successfully installed in the borehole and was equipped to isolate the horizontal section into eight (8) zones for future testing and stimulation operations. 6 refs., 48 figs., 10 tabs.

  15. Information communication technology: new approach for rural cancer care improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maserat, Elham

    2008-01-01

    Cancer control aims to reduce the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of cancer and to improve the quality of life of cancer patients. For rural populations this presents particular problems. This article covers challenges of oncology care in rural areas and solutions via applying information communication technology with specialty telemedicine for overcoming problems in prevention, early diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care. In addition, telecommunications infrastructures and frameworks for implementation of telemedicine are described.

  16. The Technological Improvements of Aluminum Alloy Coloring by Electrolysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Nai-jun

    2004-01-01

    The technological process of coloring golden-tawny on aluminum alloy by electrolysis was improved in this paper. The optimum composition of electrolyte was found, the conditions of deposition and anodic oxidation by electrolysis were studied. The oxidative membrane on aluminum alloy was satisfying, the colored aluminum alloy by electrolysis is uniformity,bright and beautiful, and the coloring by electrolysis is convenient and no pollution.

  17. An improved market penetration model for wind energy technology forecasting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lund, P.D. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Espoo (Finland). Advanced Energy Systems

    1995-12-31

    An improved market penetration model with application to wind energy forecasting is presented. In the model, a technology diffusion model and manufacturing learning curve are combined. Based on a 85% progress ratio that was found for European wind manufactures and on wind market statistics, an additional wind power capacity of ca 4 GW is needed in Europe to reach a 30 % price reduction. A full breakthrough to low-cost utility bulk power markets could be achieved at a 24 GW level. (author)

  18. Mechanical spring technology improves running economy in endurance runners

    OpenAIRE

    Riess, Kenneth James

    2014-01-01

    In recent years there has been an increase in participation in timed running events. With this increase, the motivation for individuals to run their best has motivated the running shoe industry to make design changes to traditional running foot wear in an effort to improve running economy (RE) and decrease running times. One such design change has been to incorporate mechanical springs (MS) into the midsole of the running shoe. Evaluation of this technology has yet to be performed. This study...

  19. Pure waterjet drilling of articular bone

    OpenAIRE

    Biskup, Christian; Dunnen, Steven den; Kraaij, Gert; Kerkhoffs, Gino M. M. J.; Tuijthof, Gabrielle J. M.

    2015-01-01

    The clinical application of waterjet technology for machining tough human tissues, such as articular bone, has advantages, as it produces clean sharp cuts without tissue heating. Additionally, water supply is possible via flexible tubing, which enables minimally invasive surgical access. This pilot study investigates whether drilling bony tissue with pure waterjets is feasible. Water pressures between 20 and 120 MPa with an orifice of 0.6 mm were used to create waterjets to drill blind boring...

  20. Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, Mark B.

    1999-02-24

    The Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool in Eddy County New Mexico is a cost-shared field demonstration project in the US Department of Energy Class II Program. A major goal of the Class III Program is to stimulate the use of advanced technologies to increase ultimate recovery from slope-basin clastic reservoirs. Advanced characterization techniques are being used at the Nash Draw project to develop reservoir management strategies for optimizing oil recovery from this Delaware reservoir. Analysis, interpretation, and integration of recently acquired geologic, geophysical, and engineering data revealed that the initial reservoir characterization was too simplistic to capture the critical features of this complex formation. Contrary to the initial characterization, a new reservoir description evolved that provided sufficient detail regarding the complexity of the Brushy Canyon interval at Nash Draw. This new reservoir description is being used as a risk reduction tool to identify ''sweet spots'' for a development drilling program as well as to evaluate pressure maintenance strategies. The reservoir characterization, geological modeling, 3-D seismic interpretation, and simulation studies have provided a detailed model of the Brushy Canyon zones. This model was used to predict the success of different reservoir management scenarios and to aid in determining the most favorable combination of targeted drilling, pressure maintenance, well simulation, and well spacing to improve recovery from this reservoir.

  1. Design of electric control system of offshore drilling rig and its key technologies%海洋钻机电气控制系统设计及关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘曙光; 蔡运恒; 贾晨辉; 陶亚敏

    2016-01-01

    针对海洋钻机作业过程中存在着送钻控制自动化程度低、缺乏柔性扭矩的预测与控制、软泵控制技术未实现工程化、海浪升沉补偿技术依赖进口等技术问题,根据海洋钻井平台的特殊作业环境和结构特点,给出了海洋钻机电气传动控制系统的基本构成,并以70DBF 电驱动钻机为例设计了海洋钻机的动力控制系统、传动控制系统和 PLC 网络控制系统。同时,对其关键技术,如自动送钻、软扭矩、软泵控制、谐波治理、主动升降补偿技术等进行讨论。实际运行结果显示,此电控系统运行可靠,可满足海上7000m 海洋钻机的生产需要。%In view of some technical problems existing in the process of offshore drilling opera -tions ,such as low degree of automation in drilling process ,lack of prediction and control of soft torque ,without soft pump control technology and the waves heave compensation technolo-gy ,according to the special working environment and structural characteristics of the marine drilling platform ,the basic construction of electric drive control system for offshore rigs is giv -en .Taking 70DBF electric drive rig as an example ,the designs of the control system ,drive control system of power and PLC netwok control system are also given .Besides ,the key tech-nology is discussed ,which includes auto-drilling ,soft torque , soft pump control , harmonic handling and active heave compensation .Results indicate that the electric control system per-forms well and meets the demand of 7 000m marine drilling rig production .

  2. Improving the trajectory of transpedicular transdiscal lumbar screw fixation with a computer-assisted 3D-printed custom drill guide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen-Xuan Shao

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide the trajectory of transpedicular transdiscal (TPTD lumbar screw fixation. Dicom images of thirty lumbar functional segment units (FSU, two segments of L1–L4 were acquired from the PACS system in our hospital (patients who underwent a CT scan for other abdomen diseases and had normal spine anatomy and imported into reverse design software for three-dimensional reconstructions. Images were used to print the 3D lumbar models and were imported into CAD software to design an optimal TPTD screw trajectory and a matched custom drill guide. After both the 3D printed FSU models and 3D-printed custom drill guide were prepared, the TPTD screws will be guided with a 3D-printed custom drill guide and introduced into the 3D printed FSU models. No significant statistical difference in screw trajectory angles was observed between the digital model and the 3D-printed model (P > 0.05. Our present study found that, with the help of CAD software, it is feasible to design a TPTD screw custom drill guide that could guide the accurate TPTD screw trajectory on 3D-printed lumbar models.

  3. Drilling, Coring and Sampling Using Piezoelectric Actuated Mechanisms: From the USDC to a Piezo-Rotary-Hammer Drill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Sherrit, Stewart; Badescu, Mircea; Bao, Xiaoqi

    2012-01-01

    NASA exploration missions are increasingly including sampling tasks but with the growth in engineering experience (particularly, Phoenix Scout and MSL) it is now very much recognized that planetary drilling poses many challenges. The difficulties grow significantly with the hardness of sampled material, the depth of drilling and the harshness of the environmental conditions. To address the requirements for samplers that could be operated at the conditions of the various bodies in the solar system, a number of piezoelectric actuated drills and corers were developed by the Advanced Technologies Group of JPL. The basic configuration that was conceived in 1998 is known as the Ultrasonic/Sonic Driller/Corer (USDC), and it operates as a percussive mechanism. This drill requires as low preload as 10N (important for operation at low gravity) allowing to operate with as low-mass device as 400g, use an average power as low as 2- 3W and drill rocks as hard as basalt. A key feature of this drilling mechanism is the use of a free-mass to convert the ultrasonic vibrations generated by piezoelectric stack to sonic impacts on the bit. Using the versatile capabilities f the USDC led to the development of many configurations and device sizes. Significant improvement of the penetration rate was achieved by augmenting the hammering action by rotation and use of a fluted bit to remove cuttings. To reach meters deep in ice a wireline drill was developed called the Ultrasonic/Sonic Gopher and it was demonstrated in 2005 to penetrate about 2-m deep at Antarctica. Jointly with Honeybee Robotics, this mechanism is currently being modified to incorporate rotation and inchworm operation forming Auto-Gopher to reach meters deep in rocks. To take advantage of the ability of piezoelectric actuators to operate over a wide temperatures range, piezoelectric actuated drills were developed and demonstrated to operate at as cold as -200oC and as hot as 500oC. In this paper, the developed mechanisms

  4. Low-Density Micro-Foam Drilling Fluid Technology Deployed in Benacat Block,Indonesia%印尼 KSO Benacat 区块低密度微泡沫钻井液技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏乐; 郭磊; 刘兆华

    2016-01-01

    T he KSO Benacat Block of Indonesia can be classified as a low-pressure low permeability formation with incidents involving lost circulation that have happened frequently during drilling with con -ventional drilling fluid ,which has led to pipe sticking and significant economic losses .To solve such prob-lems and ensure proper implementation of the drilling program ,the surfactant ,JM ,as foaming agent and PF-XC as a foam stabilizer have been deployed to make formulate micro-foam drilling fluids .In addition ,lab tests and field tests have been conducted to determine performances of the fluid .Lab tests showed that the newly developed drilling fluids have a foam stabilizing time of 96 h ,roll recovery and permeability recovery rate were 94 .0% and 92 .4% respectively .Field test results indicated that the micro-foam drilling fluids could effectively reduce the dow nhole problems ,significantly improve drilling rates ,protect the reservoir and minimize damage in oil and gas reservoirs .It can be concluded that the micro-foam drilling fluids could meet the requirements of drilling operations in KSO Benacat Block ,Indonesia ,and could provide technical references for drilling operations in similar formations safely and quickly .%印尼KSO Benacat区块属于低压低渗地层,前期采用常规钻井液钻进发生多次井漏,并引起卡钻,造成很大的经济损失。为解决现场存在的此类问题,使该区块后续钻井施工能顺利进行,以表面活性剂JM 为发泡剂,生物聚合物PF-XC为稳泡剂,配制了低密度微泡沫钻井液。由室内试验可知,微泡沫钻井液的稳泡时间可达96 h ,岩屑滚动回收率可达94.0%,渗透率恢复率可达92.4%。2口井的现场试验表明,该钻井液可以有效减少井下故障、显著提高机械钻速,还有利于保护储层,可大大降低由钻井液侵入对油气层的损害。研究表明,研制的低密度微泡

  5. A new concept drilling hoisting systems rigs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Artymiuk

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available In rig constructions two nev designs have been introduced apart from the conventional hoisting system. The first one is the Maritime Hydraulics A.S RamRig© drilling concept, based on hydraulic cylinders as actuators powered by up to 3.4 MW of hydraulic power in a closed loop hydraulic system. This synthesis of the well-known technology allows for the use of integrated active and passive heave compensation, as well as the storing and reuse of energy from the lowering phase of an operation. The RamRig concept makes mechanical brakes and clutches obsolete, since hoisting and lowering of the load is controlled solely by the closed loop hydraulics. This decreases the number of critical mechanical components in the hoisting system to a minimum. Safe handling and emergency shut down of extreme amounts of hydraulic power is taking care of by cartridge valves, which make rerouting of hydraulic power possible with minor losses of transferred effect.The second is a new land rig concept based on a patented rack & pinion drive system with a new generation of rigs which can instantly switch between the workover, drilling and the snubbing operations. The new rig concept has a direct drive, thus no drill line. The mobilization time is reduced as the rig has fewer truck loads, a faster rig up and a higher automation level. One land rig currently under construction will be the world’s first single operator unit, with a full pipe handling capability and a fully automated control system. The rig is fully equipped with the 250 T top drive which can be used for the rotation and snubbing, the purpose designed snubbing slips and other features supporting the multifunctional well operations. The paper will focus on features related to the land rig under construction, and how it may reduce the operational cost and improve the well performance.

  6. Quality in drilling operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duncan, E.; Gervais, I. [Sedco Forex Jacintoport Facility, Channelview, TX (United States); Le Moign, Y.; Pangarkar, S.; Stibbs, B. [Sedco Forex, Montrouge (France); McMorran, P. [Sedco Forex, Pau (France); Nordquist, E. [Dubai Petroleum Company, Dubai (United Arab Emirates); Pittman, T. [Sedco Forex, Perth (Australia); Schindler, H. [Sedco Forex, Dubai (United Arab Emirates); Scott, P. [Woodside Offshore Petroleum Pty. Ltd., Perth (Australia)

    1996-12-31

    Driven by cost and profitability pressures, quality has taken on new meaning and importance in the oil field during the past decade. In drilling operations, new initiatives have led to cooperative team efforts between operators and drilling contractors to enhance quality. In this article examples are given of how one drilling contractor, by adopting a quality culture, is reaping major benefits for its clients as well as its employees. 22 figs., 19 refs.

  7. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource drilling technology); 1996 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1996 R and D on the development of deep geothermal resource collecting/drilling technology. In the design of a total development, the planned adjustment of actual well tests was conducted on bits and drilling mud at the time of drilling the exploration well of the Kakkonda area. As to the trend of overseas technology, examined was the developmental trend of high temperature type downhole motor products. In the development of hard high temperature strata drilling element technology, a drilling test was carried out on trially manufactured 300degC heat resistant/durable bits. In the development of high temperature drilling mud, drilling was done in the mud of thermally stable quality in the actual well experiment using the 300degC mud system. In the development of high temperature use cement and high temperature use cement slurry, a possibility was obtained of composing a slurry which has the targeted dewatering amount, compressive strength, and water permeability. In the development of high temperature downhole motor, data on characteristics of heat resistant stator materials were arranged in a relationship among the abrasion amount, thermal expansion amount and elastic recovery amount, and the database was obtained. 166 figs., 148 tabs.

  8. φ139.7 mm 筛管顶部注水泥免钻塞固井完井技术%φ139.7 mm Plug-Drilling-Free Well Cementing Completion Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯德杰; 李国锋; 赵勇

    2014-01-01

    φ139.7 mm plug-drilling-free well cementing completion technology was studied to replace conventional φ139.7 mm screen top cementing technique which was deficient over an extended period of plug drilling ,sticking ,casing and screen damage ,and impact on subsequent tripping-in of the string .Based on the screen-top-cementing well completion technique ,the existing φ177.8 mm plug-drilling-free well ce-menting tool was redesigned by adding ball socket ,upper rubber packer ,and removable sealing mechanism and optimizing the pressure differential of shear pins ,so as to develop theφ139.7 mm plug-drilling-free well cementing tool and supporting technology .Field tests in 3 wells showed that the φ139.7 mm plug-drilling-free well cementing tool could create piston effects for the circulation while running casing ,well cementing assisted with the upper rubber packer ,and fish releasing after landing ,thus reducing the fishing force by more than 200 kN and the completion time by about 30% .The study also suggested that the φ139.7 mm plug-drilling-free well completion technology was devoid of such completion procedures as plug drilling , thus avoiding risks in completions .T herefore ,the technology is suitable for screen-top-cementing opera-tions in all kinds of oil reservoirs ,and medium-deep ,deep and large-hole wells .%为解决常规φ139.7 mm筛管顶部注水泥固井时钻塞时间长、易卡钻、易损坏套管和筛管、影响后期作业管柱下入等问题,依据筛管顶部注水泥固井完井技术要求,在现有φ177.8 m m免钻塞固井工具的基础上,通过设计增加球座、上封隔胶筒和可移动密封机构,优化剪钉压力级差,研制了φ139.7 mm 免钻塞固井工具,形成了φ139.7 m m免钻塞固井完井配套技术。该技术在3口井进行了现场试验,结果表明,φ139.7 m m免钻塞固井工具可实现下套管钻井液循环、上封隔胶筒辅助固井、碰压后解除打捞时的

  9. Drilling Automation Demonstrations in Subsurface Exploration for Astrobiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Brian; Cannon, H.; Lee, P.; Hanagud, S.; Davis, K.

    2006-01-01

    This project proposes to study subsurface permafrost microbial habitats at a relevant Arctic Mars-analog site (Haughton Crater, Devon Island, Canada) while developing and maturing the subsurface drilling and drilling automation technologies that will be required by post-2010 missions. It builds on earlier drilling technology projects to add permafrost and ice-drilling capabilities to 5m with a lightweight drill that will be automatically monitored and controlled in-situ. Frozen cores obtained with this drill under sterilized protocols will be used in testing three hypotheses pertaining to near-surface physical geology and ground H2O ice distribution, viewed as a habitat for microbial life in subsurface ice and ice-consolidated sediments. Automation technologies employed will demonstrate hands-off diagnostics and drill control, using novel vibrational dynamical analysis methods and model-based reasoning to monitor and identify drilling fault states before and during faults. Three field deployments, to a Mars-analog site with frozen impact crater fallback breccia, will support science goals, provide a rigorous test of drilling automation and lightweight permafrost drilling, and leverage past experience with the field site s particular logistics.

  10. Tesco's Bob Tessari: launching a drilling revolution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budd, G.

    2002-07-01

    The 'Casing Drilling' technology, patented by Tesco, which allows operators to simultaneously drill, case and evaluate oil and gas wells, is described. The system is claimed to substantially reduce the amount of lost circulation, loss of well control and bore hole instability problems that have been documented to account for about 25 per cent of total rig time on a well, and at least $4 billion (or 10 per cent of the $40 billion annual global drilling tab) spent on 'unscheduled events' associated with tripping drill pipe. With the Casing Drilling process, wells are drilled using standard oilfield casing instead of drill pipe. The host of downhole problems associated with tripping in and out of the hole are avoided, as the casing pipe is never removed. Instead, drill bits and other downhole tools are tripped through the casing with wireline at a rate of about 500 ft per minute, drastically reducing tripping time. Tesco also developed the portable top drive, the manufacture and rental of which constitutes a large part of the company's business, besides helping technologically to make Casing Drilling possible. Much of the company's success is attributed to the tenacity and zest for innovative approaches of the company's CEO, Bob Tessari, who is largely responsible for the company finding itself at the centre of a drilling technology revolution.

  11. Drilling cost-cutting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capuano, L.E. Jr.

    1996-12-31

    This presentation by Louis E. Capuano, Jr., President, ThermaSource, Inc., discusses cost-cutting in the drilling phase of geothermal energy exploration and production. All aspects of a geothermal project including the drilling must be streamlined to make it viable and commercial. If production could be maximized from each well, there would be a reduction in drilling costs. This could be achieved in several ways, including big hole and multi-hole completion, directional drilling, better knowledge of the resource and where to penetrate, etc.

  12. Decision-fusion-based automated drill bit toolmark correlator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Brett C.; Press, Michael J.; Guerci, Joseph R.

    1999-02-01

    This paper describes a recent study conducted to investigate the reproducibility of toolmarks left by drill bits. This paper focuses on the automated analysis aspect of the study, and particularly the advantages of using decision fusion methods in the comparisons. To enable the study to encompass a large number of samples, existing technology was adapted to the task of automatically comparing the test impressions. Advanced forensic pattern recognition algorithms that had been developed for the comparison of ballistic evidence in the DRUGFIRETM system were modified for use in this test. The results of the decision fusion architecture closely matched those obtained by expert visual examination. The study, aided by the improved pattern recognition algorithm, showed that drill bit impressions do contain reproducible marks. In a blind test, the DRUGFIRE pattern recognition algorithm, enhanced with the decision fusion architecture, consistently identified the correct bit as the source of the test impressions.

  13. Casing drilling - first experience in Brazil; Casing drilling - primeira experiencia no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Placido, Joao Carlos Ribeiro; Medeiros, Fernando; Lucena, Humberto; Medeiros, Joao Carlos Martins de; Costa, Vicente Abel Soares Rosa da; Silva, Paulo Roberto Correa da [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Alves, Renato J.M. [Tesco, London (United Kingdom)

    2004-07-01

    This paper describes the 'Casing Drilling' technology and its first experience in Brazil. This new process of casing while drilling was first developed to reduce costs. This system integrates the drilling process and casing running in one operation, promoting a more efficient well construction system, reducing trip time and costs of drill pipes and their transportation. Besides, this methodology intends to eliminate hole problems related to trouble zones with abnormal pressure with loss circulation, to overcome zones with wellbore instabilities, and to facilitate well control. Two companies have been identified using this technology: Tesco and Weatherford. However, there are differences between the techniques used by these companies, which are described in this paper. In the first experience in Brazil, it was decided to field test the technology developed by Tesco. This paper describes the preparation, the operation and the results of this first test. (author)

  14. Leveraging information technology to drive improvement in patient satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, Mary; Pestrue, Justin; Geier, Peter; Sharp, Karen; Helder, Amy; McAlearney, Ann Scheck

    2010-01-01

    A healthcare organization's commitment to quality and the patient experience requires senior leader involvement in improvement strategies, and accountability for goals. Further, improvement strategies are most effective when driven by data, and in the world of patient satisfaction, evidence is growing that nurse leader rounding and discharge calls are strategic tactics that can improve patient satisfaction. This article describes how The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC) leveraged health information technology (IT) to apply a data-driven strategy execution to improve the patient experience. Specifically, two IT-driven approaches were used: (1) business intelligence reporting tools were used to create a meaningful reporting system including dashboards, scorecards, and tracking reports and (2) an improvement plan was implemented that focused on two high-impact tactics and data to hardwire accountability. Targeted information from the IT systems enabled clinicians and administrators to execute these strategic tactics, and senior leaders to monitor achievement of strategic goals. As a result, OSUMC's inpatient satisfaction scores on the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey improved from 56% nines and tens in 2006 to 71% in 2009.

  15. Application of Screw directional drilling technology in mine grouting and plugging water engineering%螺杆定向钻井技术在煤矿注浆堵水工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋建国; 井旋; 郭冬兰

    2014-01-01

    Due to the anisotropy of rock and rock hardness larger gap interbed and artiifcial drilling operation process is not reasonable factors, the borehole deviation rate of the ground ultra deep grouting and plugging water borehole is dififcult to control, and often appear the serious overrun of the ifnal hole offset, which were unable to meet the requirements of grouting phenomenon, seriously affected grouting effect and even caused drilling scrap. By using the directional drilling technology can construct the branch directional drilling in the grouting hole which offset were serious overrun, and rock hardness that is soft and full, reasonable curvature radius, achieve the deviation or reconstruction branch grouting holes.%地面超深注浆堵水钻孔由于受到岩石的各向异性、岩石硬度差距较大的互层以及人为钻进操作工艺不合理等因素影响,钻孔偏斜率难以控制,往往出现终孔偏距严重超限,无法满足注浆要求的现象,严重影响注浆效果甚至造成钻孔报废。采用定向钻井技术可以在偏距严重超限的注浆钻孔内且岩石完整、硬度较软和曲率半径合理的孔段施工分支定向钻孔,达到纠偏或重新施工分支注浆钻孔的目的。

  16. 一修正设计系数的套管层次与下入深度设计方法%An improved casing design method and its application in deepwater drilling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯珂; 管志川; 王志远; 路保平

    2016-01-01

    传统井身结构设计过程中用以确定安全钻井液密度窗口所采用的各类设计系数均采用经验或统计估算的方法,且在全井段各设计系数取值相同。对原有安全钻井液密度窗口确定准则中的部分公式和系数进行改进和修正,并提出一种修正设计系数的井身结构设计方法,新方法中各类设计系数将根据实际井条件精细计算,避免过度浪费安全窗口空间,使井身结构设计结果更为合理高效。以西非深水区块B-1井为例进行实例计算。结果表明,不同井段、不同井眼尺寸对各类设计系数具有明显影响,尺寸差距越大,设计系数的差异性也越大,其对井身结构设计结果的影响也越大。%In conventional casing designs for oil and gas well drilling, all the design coefficients used for the determination of safe drilling fluid density window are defined by empirical evaluation or statistical methods, and a consistent value of each co-efficient is taken for all well sections. For drilling under complicated conditions, especially in deepwater drilling and at high temperature and high pressure ( HTHP) conditions or for ultra-deep wells, the safe drilling fluid density window required is much narrower, and the conventional casing design method is not appropriate. When the values of the design coefficients are taken too low, it may lead to less safe drilling conditions, but when they are too high, it can waste some safe drilling fluid window space, resulting unnecessary casing and drilling cost. In this paper, an improved casing design method was pro-posed, in which each design coefficient needed to be calculated and determined based on the well structure in order to opti-mize the safe drilling fluid density window. The new method has been applied for a case study of a deepwater well in west of Africa, and the results show that the wellbore size, depth and the drilling string size have significant influence on

  17. Drilling horizontal wells from the coast to reach offshore heavy oil pool, Puerto Escondido field, Cuba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puentes, G.E.; Alvarez, R.R. [Cubapetroleo, Havana, (Cuba); Marrero, F.M. [Ministry of Basic Industry, Havana, (Cuba)

    1999-11-01

    A series of vertical oil wells were drilled in the Puerto Escondido field in Cuba as part of an oil exploration program in the 1970s. The drilling of well PE-3 in 1992 revealed that the field contained one of the most significant oil finds in the western region of Cuba. Due to the fractured nature of the reservoir, it was determined that future wells should be drilled using horizontal drilling technology to increase hydrocarbon recoveries, and to maintain high production rates. The first horizontal well was successfully drilled in April, 1997. Four other wells were drilled by September 1998. This paper briefly described the drilling techniques used.

  18. A self propelled drilling system for hard-rock, horizontal and coiled tube drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biglin, D.; Wassell, M.

    1997-12-31

    Several advancements are needed to improve the efficiency and reliability of both hard rock drilling and extended reach drilling. This paper will present a Self Propelled Drilling System (SPDS) which can grip the borehole wall in order to provide a stable platform for the application of weight on bit (WOB) and resisting the reactive torque created by the downhole drilling motor, bit and formation interaction. The system will also dampen the damaging effects of drill string vibration. This tool employs two hydraulically activated anchors (front and rear) to grip the borehole wall, and a two-way thrust mandrel to apply both the drilling force to the bit, and a retraction force to pull the drill string into the hole. Forward drilling motion will commence by sequencing the anchor pistons and thrust mandrel to allow the tool to walk in a stepping motion. The SPDS has a microprocessor to control valve timing, sensing and communication functions. An optional Measurement While Drilling (MWD) interface can provide two-way communication of critical operating parameters such as hydraulic pressure and piston location. This information can then be telemetered to the surface, or used downhole to autonomously control system parameters such as anchor and thrust force or damping characteristics.

  19. Practice improvement, part II: update on patient communication technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roett, Michelle A; Coleman, Mary Thoesen

    2013-11-01

    Patient portals (ie, secure web-based services for patient health record access) and secure messaging to health care professionals are gaining popularity slowly. Advantages of web portals include timely communication and instruction, access to appointments and other services, and high patient satisfaction. Limitations include inappropriate use, security considerations, organizational costs, and exclusion of patients who are uncomfortable with or unable to use computers. Attention to the organization's strategic plan and office policies, patient and staff expectations, workflow and communication integration, training, marketing, and enrollment can facilitate optimal use of this technology. Other communication technologies that can enhance patient care include automated voice or text reminders and brief electronic communications. Social media provide another method of patient outreach, but privacy and access are concerns. Incorporating telehealthcare (health care provided via telephone or Internet), providing health coaching, and using interactive health communication applications can improve patient knowledge and clinical outcomes and provide social support.

  20. An Improved Processing Technology of Traditional Soybean Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JiangYuanrong; ZhangHui

    2002-01-01

    This paper studies on the processing technology of soybean films.Based on the statistical analysis of the traditional soybean films,two property indices were determined with Rheometer;Percent Elongation(PE) higher than 5.49%,Tensile Strength(TS)higher than 23.25kg/cm2.As the examined specimen has 19.0±0.5% moisture.An improved processing technology high yield of soybean films was obtained.The new product has the nearly same or even higher nutrient content,property and structure as the traditional ones.The new product is consistent,flexible,smooth and transparent.The method offers more promises for commercial-scale film production.

  1. Integrated Monitoring Technology of Dynamic Positioning in Semi-submersible Drilling Platform%半潜式钻井平台动力定位集成监控技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文; 陈红卫

    2011-01-01

    针对目前海洋钻井信息管理平台中集成能力、可操作性和可扩展性存在的问题,研究了半潜式钻井平台动力定位集成监控技术;介绍了钻井平台动力定位系统组成和信息集成技术;设计了监控系统网络结构和软件结构;应用OPC技术设计客户端解决了网络异构问题,实现了钻井平台动力定位集成监控;最后利用PLC模拟了吊舱和柴油发电机数据环境,对OPC客户端进行了测试;测试结果表明,客户端能够与不同服务器建立连接,实现对不同系统、设备数据的读写.%Specifically for solving the problems of offshore drilling information management platform such as integrated ability, operabili-ty and extensibility, the integrated monitoring technology of dynamic positioning in semi -submersible drilling platform is studied. Not only integrated technology and dynamic positioning system are introduced, but also network architecture and software architecture are designed. Designing client based on OPC technology solves the problem of heterogeneous networks to achieve integrated monitoring for dynamic positioning system of Semi - submersible drilling platform. Finally using PLC simulates data environment of pod and diesel generator to test client. The results show that the client can connect with different servers and exchange data with different systems and equipments.

  2. 深层水平井双聚胺基钻井液技术研究与应用%Research and Application of Double Poly Amine Drilling Fluid Technology in Deep Horizontal Well

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永贵; 张洋; 徐用军

    2015-01-01

    drilling, the technical measures for drilling fluid were clear.Though the study on inhibition of polyamine&polyether polyol and anti-sloughing plugging agent and working with new efficient independent developed drilling sealing material, a set of double poly amine drilling fluid technology was developed, which is suitable for horizontal well construction in deep tight gas reservoir.The laboratory studies and field ap-plication show that this drilling fluid system has ability of strong sealing & anti-collapse, hole cleaning, lubricating and sticking prevention, it can be used at the temperature more than 180℃.A series of complex problems and the reservoir protection in deep horizontal well drilling were effectively solved.New records were created for deep horizontal well drilling in Daqing oilfield, the shortest drilling cycle(109 d),the deepest depth(5048 m),the longest horizontal section(969.22 m) and the highest working temperature (180 ℃) at the hole bottom, which completely satisfy the requirements of drilling in deep tight gas reservoir in Xujiaweizi area and provide the technical support for safe, fast and efficient drilling in the deep horizontal well.

  3. Using mobile technology to improve healthcare service quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Chia Chen; Jen, Wen Yuan; Li, Yu-Chuan; Chi, Y P; Chen, Chang-I; Feng, Chen Chjeh

    2005-01-01

    Improving healthcare service quality for illness of treatment, illness prevention and patient service is difficult for most hospitals because the hospitals are lack adequate resources and labor. In order to provide better healthcare service quality for patients, mobile technology can be used to manage healthcare in a way that provides the optimal healthcare service for patients. Pursuing utilization of mobile technology for better patient service, Taipei Medical University Municipal W. F. Teaching Hospital has implemented a mobile healthcare service (m-HS) system to increase healthcare service quality. The m-HS system improves the quality of medical care as well as healthcare service. The m-HS is a multi-functional healthcare management agent, meets the mobile tendency of the present society. This study seeks to discuss the m-HS architecture and workflow processes. We believe the m-HS does have the potential to improve healthcare service quality. Finally, the conclusions and suggestions for the m-HS are given.

  4. Horizontal drilling in Ontario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sidey, P.; Precul, L. [Sproule Associates Ltd., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    A review of oil and gas production in Ontario was presented with particular reference to drilling activity between 1987 to mid 2002 when 1450 vertical wells were drilled, of which 1100 were for petroleum production and the remainder were for gas storage, observation wells, private gas wells and stratigraphic tests. Of the 1100 vertical wells drilled for petroleum production, 40 per cent became gas wells, 16 per cent became oil wells, 4 per cent became oil and gas wells, and 40 per cent were dry. During the same time period, 133 horizontal wells were also drilled, mostly for petroleum. The most active operator was Talisman Energy, which drilled 101 of the 133 horizontal wells. The remainder were drilled by 12 other companies. Of the horizontal wells, 64 per cent became oil wells, 19 per cent became gas wells, and 17 per cent were dry. This presentation included graphs depicting which oil and gas pools saw vertical or horizontal drilling during the designated time period, and explained how the wells were classified. Both horizontal and vertical well targets were illustrated. Particular reference was made to Talisman Energy's Lake Erie Drilling program which revealed that horizontal wells have an initial production rate that is 5 times that expected from vertical wells. The Hillman Pool case study revealed that the initial rate of the average horizontal well is less than half that of the average vertical well. Horizontal drilling in the Lake Erie Morpeth Gas pool has also been a commercial success. This paper demonstrates that operators have maintained Ontario's oil and gas production at high levels. In 1997 widespread horizontal drilling began taking place in Ontario, and since then, approximately 30 per cent of the wells drilled in the province have been horizontal. 16 figs.

  5. Post-drilling analysis of underbalanced drilled wells in Hassi-Messaoud Field, Algeria : case studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salim, K. [Sonatrach Inc., Alger (Algeria); Osisanya, S.O. [Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States); Madi, Y. [Algerian Petroleum Inst. (Algeria)

    2004-07-01

    Underbalanced drilling (UBD) is often undertaken in fractured reservoirs, in depleted formations that are susceptible to well bore damage or mud loss, and in medium to hard rock with problematic drilling rates. UBD involves manipulating the bottom hole circulating pressure so that it will be less than the static reservoir pressure, allowing formation fluids to flow into the well. UBD has increased profits at several oil and gas drilling properties including the Hassi Messaoud Field in Algeria where Sonatrach conducted trials in depleted oil production zones to assess the operational feasibility and commercial benefits of UBD. The technique was found to prevent lost circulation and differential pipe sticking; improve penetration rates; provide real-time reservoir evaluation while drilling; eliminate well stimulation costs; and, improve well bore productivity as a result of reduced formation damage. UBD also provides access to reserves that would otherwise not be produced, and substantially reduces total drilling and completion costs. 3 refs., 4 tabs., 9 figs.

  6. How technology is improving decision making for environmental restoration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ditmars, J.

    1995-02-01

    Environmental restoration, or the cleanup of contaminants from past activities, at its core depends on a series of decisions about the nature and extent of contamination, the risk to human health and the environment, and the potential effectiveness of remediation techniques and technologies to reduce the risk to acceptable levels. The effectiveness with which these decisions are made has significant impacts on the cost and duration of the cleanup efforts. The decisions must often be made on the basis of incomplete and uncertain data. Emerging environmental information and data acquisition technologies together with appropriate strategies to support decision making are beginning to change the way environmental restoration occurs in the United States. Past environmental restoration activities too often relied on prescriptive data collection activities to generate the information upon which decisions were to be made. Retrospective studies of such activities have shown that, while often data were gathered for the purpose of reducing the risk in decision making, little true reduction in risk was realized and large amounts of resources were consumed. Recent examination of the failures in the United States to achieve many complete cleanups despite the investment of large sums and time points to the inability to have decisions made efficiently. The solution to the problem involves both regulatory change to allow more flexibility in decision-making and the introduction of technology to improve decision making. This paper reviews the recent assessments made of the cleanup process and application of strategies and technologies to enhance decision-making for cleanup. It provides examples of the new decision approaches and the technologies that have been employed to speed up characterization and to optimize the implementation of remediation.

  7. New Era of Scientific Ocean Drilling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eguchi, N.; Toczko, S.; Sanada, Y.; Igarashi, C.; Kubo, Y.; Maeda, L.; Sawada, I.; Takase, K.; Kyo, N.

    2014-12-01

    The D/V Chikyu, committed to scientific ocean drilling since 2007, has completed thirteen IODP expeditions, and Chikyu's enhanced drilling technology gives us the means to reach deep targets, enhanced well logging, deep water riserless drilling, and state of the art laboratory. Chikyu recovered core samples from 2466 meters below sea floor (mbsf) in IODP Exp. 337, and drilled to 3058.5 mbsf in IODP Exp. 348, but these are still not the limit of Chikyu's capability. As deep as these depths are, they are just halfway to the 5200 mbsf plate boundary target for the NanTroSEIZE deep riser borehole. There are several active IODP proposals in the pipeline. Each has scientific targets requiring several thousand meters of penetration below the sea floor. Riser technology is the only way to collect samples and data from that depth. Well logging has been enhanced with the adoption of riser drilling, especially for logging-while-drilling (LWD). LWD has several advantages over wireline logging, and provides more opportunities for continuous measurements even in unstable boreholes. Because of the larger diameter of riser pipes and enhanced borehole stability, Chikyu can use several state-of-the-art downhole tools, e.g. fracture tester, fluid sampling tool, wider borehole imaging, and the latest sonic tools. These new technologies and tools can potentially expand the envelope of scientific ocean drilling. Chikyu gives us access to ultra-deep water riserless drilling. IODP Exp. 343/343T investigating the March 2011 Tohoku Oki Earthquake, explored the toe of the landward slope of the Japan Trench. This expedition reached the plate boundary fault target at more than 800 mbsf in water depths over 6900 m for logging-while-drilling, coring, and observatory installation. This deep-water drilling capability also expands the scientific ocean drilling envelope and provides access to previously unreachable targets. On top of these operational capabilities, Chikyu's onboard laboratory is

  8. Improving Logistics Processes in Industry Using Web Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jánošík, Ján; Tanuška, Pavol; Václavová, Andrea

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this paper is to propose the concept of a system that takes advantage of web technologies and integrates them into the management process and management of internal stocks which may relate to external applications and creates the conditions to transform a Computerized Control of Warehouse Stock (CCWS) in the company. The importance of implementing CCWS is in the elimination of the claims caused by the human factor, as well as to allow the processing of information for analytical purposes and their subsequent use to improve internal processes. Using CCWS in the company would also facilitate better use of the potential tools Business Intelligence and Data Mining.

  9. Improving Logistics Processes in Industry Using Web Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jánošík Ján

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose the concept of a system that takes advantage of web technologies and integrates them into the management process and management of internal stocks which may relate to external applications and creates the conditions to transform a Computerized Control of Warehouse Stock (CCWS in the company. The importance of implementing CCWS is in the elimination of the claims caused by the human factor, as well as to allow the processing of information for analytical purposes and their subsequent use to improve internal processes. Using CCWS in the company would also facilitate better use of the potential tools Business Intelligence and Data Mining.

  10. Improvement of crop technology in Asparagus plumosus Bak. A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru ZAHARIA

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available Improvement of crop technology in Asparagus plumosus Bak. A 0,1% nutritive solution of the N, P, K, elements in raport of 3:1:2; 4:2:3 and 4:3:3 respectively was used to fertilise the plants Asparagus plumosus Bak., for the period between February and Octomber. A 29,8 to 35,20 posesive semnificative increase production of the shoot number per m2 was obtained. The quality of the shoots was not semnificatively influenced by the applied fertilisation system but it appeared to be determined by the cultural factors, light and temperature.

  11. Economics, new technology improve Danish offshore oil recovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mortensgaard, A. [Danish Energy Agency, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    1996-06-10

    Cost-efficient development concepts and technologies, such as horizontal wells and water injection, have almost tripled the expected ultimate oil recovery from Danish offshore fields. All currently produced Danish oil and gas is from chalk reservoirs. The Danish Energy Agency`s strategies for research and development of improved recovery techniques is related to classifying Danish calk fields into three different reservoir types according to flow characteristics and initial oil saturation. This paper reviews these classification techniques and the methods of extraction for each.

  12. Fiscal 1995 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource drilling technology); 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1995 R and D on the development of deep geothermal resource collecting/drilling technology. In the design of a total development, the trend of technical development was examined of bits, cement and DHM overseas. Further, the simulational prediction was conducted in deep geothermal drilling. As to the development of element technology of hard high temperature strata drilling, the R and D of seal mechanism, bearing mechanism and cutter mechanism were carried out aiming at developing heat resistant/durable bits, and a bit was trially manufactured which was integrated with element parts selected by each element technology. Concerning the development of high temperature drilling mud, studies were made of the development of drilling mud materials, a mud system, etc. Relating to the development of high temperature cement slurry, the development was conducted of high temperature cement, dewatering adjusting agents, etc. As to the development of high accuracy much inclination drilling technology, in the development of high temperature use downhole motor, tests on heat resistance/durability were carried out in the mud of 12 kinds of high heat resistant stator materials. 175 figs., 137 tabs.

  13. LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE TECHNOLOGY IMPROVES INSECT TRAPPING

    Science.gov (United States)

    GILLEN, JONATHON I.; MUNSTERMANN, LEONARD E.

    2008-01-01

    In a climate of increased funding for vaccines, chemotherapy, and prevention of vector-borne diseases, fewer resources have been directed toward improving disease and vector surveillance. Recently developed light-emitting diode (LED) technology was applied to standard insect-vector traps to produce a more effective lighting system. This approach improved phlebotomine sand fly capture rates by 50%, and simultaneously reduced the energy consumption by 50–60%. The LEDs were incorporated into 2 lighting designs, 1) a LED combination bulb for current light traps and 2) a chip-based LED design for a modified Centers for Disease Control and Prevention light trap. Detailed descriptions of the 2 designs are presented. PMID:18666546

  14. Distributed downhole drilling network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, David R.; Hall, Jr., H. Tracy; Fox, Joe; Pixton, David S.

    2006-11-21

    A high-speed downhole network providing real-time data from downhole components of a drilling strings includes a bottom-hole node interfacing to a bottom-hole assembly located proximate the bottom end of a drill string. A top-hole node is connected proximate the top end of the drill string. One or several intermediate nodes are located along the drill string between the bottom-hole node and the top-hole node. The intermediate nodes are configured to receive and transmit data packets transmitted between the bottom-hole node and the top-hole node. A communications link, integrated into the drill string, is used to operably connect the bottom-hole node, the intermediate nodes, and the top-hole node. In selected embodiments, a personal or other computer may be connected to the top-hole node, to analyze data received from the intermediate and bottom-hole nodes.

  15. Relativistic quantum metrology: exploiting relativity to improve quantum measurement technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Mehdi; Bruschi, David Edward; Sabín, Carlos; Adesso, Gerardo; Fuentes, Ivette

    2014-05-22

    We present a framework for relativistic quantum metrology that is useful for both Earth-based and space-based technologies. Quantum metrology has been so far successfully applied to design precision instruments such as clocks and sensors which outperform classical devices by exploiting quantum properties. There are advanced plans to implement these and other quantum technologies in space, for instance Space-QUEST and Space Optical Clock projects intend to implement quantum communications and quantum clocks at regimes where relativity starts to kick in. However, typical setups do not take into account the effects of relativity on quantum properties. To include and exploit these effects, we introduce techniques for the application of metrology to quantum field theory. Quantum field theory properly incorporates quantum theory and relativity, in particular, at regimes where space-based experiments take place. This framework allows for high precision estimation of parameters that appear in quantum field theory including proper times and accelerations. Indeed, the techniques can be applied to develop a novel generation of relativistic quantum technologies for gravimeters, clocks and sensors. As an example, we present a high precision device which in principle improves the state-of-the-art in quantum accelerometers by exploiting relativistic effects.

  16. Applying Network Technology to Improve TV News Production Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷劲松; 林成栋

    2003-01-01

    With the development of database and computer network technology, traditional TV news production mode (TVNPM) faces great challenge. Up to now, evolution of TVNPM has experienced two stages: In the beginning, TV news is produced completely by hand, named as pipelining TVNPM in this paper. This production mode is limited to space and time, so its production cycle is very time-consuming, and it requires a lot of harmony in different departments; Subsequently, thanks to applications of database technology, a new TVNPM appears, which is named as pooled information resource TVNPM. Compared with pipelining TVNPM, this mode promotes information sharing. However, with the development of network technology, especially the Intranet and the Internet, the pooled information resource TVNPM receives strong impact, and it is referred to contrive a new TVNPM. This new TVNPM must support information sharing, remote collaboration, and interaction in communications so as to improve group work efficiency. In this paper, we present such a new TVNPM, namely, Network TVNPM, give a suit of system solution to support the new TVNPM, introduce the new workflow, and in the end analyze the advantages of Network TVNPM.

  17. IMPROVING LOGISTICS SERVICES THROUGH THE TECHNOLOGY USED IN FLEET MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Vivaldini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Outsourcing logistics has established itself in the area of the LSP (Logistics Service Provider, which offers a range of services to its customers. In this line, transportation is characterized as one of the most important services, and therefore efficient fleet management is essential for establishing a high level of customer service. With advances in technology and vehicle tracking systems, this approach of management has gained new possibilities for the improvement of logistics services. By studying the specific case of an LSP, this paper investigates the use of these technologies in the management of their business and services. The results indicate that the LSP seeks to increase its services and to streamline information in order to respond to customer needs in real time. It is also evident in this case under study that the combination of the technology available together with the fleet management system has become a distinguishing feature for this LSP, one which increases their skills and important information for both customers and business.

  18. The Technology of Horizontal Directional Drilling Mud Used in Sand Layer%水平定向钻进砂层的泥浆技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦磊

    2013-01-01

      砂层为机械分散地层,颗粒间缺乏胶结,水平定向钻进时孔壁很容易坍塌。文章分析了砂层特点,阐述了泥浆功用和性能,总结了水平定向钻进砂层的泥浆体系设计方法和施工中的注意事项。%For the lack of bonding between particles of sand layer, the hole wall suffers instability during the process of horizontal directional drilling construction. This paper analyzes the characteristics of the sand layer, explain the function and performance of mud, summarizes the designing of mud used in the sand layer and the key point of horizontal directional drilling construction.

  19. 多工艺钻进技术在塔山煤矿瓦斯抽采钻孔中的应用%Application of Multi-process Drilling Technology in Gas Drainage Borehole of Tashan Coal Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新; 杨卫东; 战启帅; 刘伟; 王天放

    2014-01-01

    大同煤矿集团公司塔山煤矿4号瓦斯抽排孔终孔口径为1200 mm,孔深423畅66 m,孔底位移≯2 m。孔径大、钻孔深、精度高是本工程的主要难点。钻进施工中采用了气动潜孔锤、双壁钻杆气举反循环及组合牙轮多级扩孔等多种工艺,提高了钻进效率,保证了孔身质量,取得了良好的经济效益和社会效益。%The terminal diameter and depth are 1200mm and 423.66m respectively in 4#gas drainage borehole of Tashan coal mine of Datong Coalmine Group Company with displacement less than 2m.The main difficult points in this project are large borehole diameter, deep drilling and high precisiom.Multi-process of pneumatic DTH hammer, double-wall drill pipe air lift reverse circulation and combined cone multilevel reaming were adopted to improve drilling efficiency, ensure well-bore quality, and achieve good economic and social benefits.

  20. Improved HEPA Filter Technology for Flexible and Rigid Containment Barriers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinson, Paul Arthur

    1998-07-01

    Safety and reliability in glovebox operations can be significantly improved and waste packaging efficiencies can be increased by inserting flexible, lightweight, high capacity HEPA filters into the walls of plastic sheet barriers. This HEPA filter/barrier technology can be adapted to a wide variety of applications: disposable waste bags, protective environmental barriers for electronic equipment, single or multiple use glovebag assemblies, flexible glovebox wall elements, and room partitions. These reliable and inexpensive filtered barriers have many uses in fields such as radioactive waste processing, HVAC filter changeout, vapor or grit blasting, asbestos cleanup, pharmaceutical, medical, biological, and electronic equipment containment. The applications can result in significant cost savings, improved operational reliability and safety, and total waste volume reduction. This technology was developed at the Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W) in 1993 and has been used at ANL-W since then at the TRU Waste Characterization Chamber Gloveboxes. Another 1998 AGS Conference paper titled "TRU Waste Characterization Gloveboxes", presented by Mr. David Duncan of ANL-W, describes these boxes.

  1. New types of drilling tools fit with PCD elements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koníèek Jiøí

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the most significant developments in drilling technology over the last years has been the introduction of polycrystalline diamond (PCD as macro-cutting elements in the rotary drill application. This paper gives a summary of core bits and cutter bits, produced by Pramet Šumperk Co., which are fit with these PCD elements. Some results, obtained with these types of cutter bits by drilling in mines of Ostrava-Karviná Basin, are also presented.

  2. Development of drilling fluids based on polysaccharides and natural minerals

    OpenAIRE

    Zhanar Nurakhmetova; Iskander Gussenov; Vladimir Sigitov; Sarkyt Kudaibergenov

    2016-01-01

    The technology of oil well drilling in complex geological conditions by applying the drilling muds based on the polysaccharides – gellan, xanthan and their mixture which potentially possess a good flocculation properties and the ability to reversible sol-gel transition in dependence of temperature and concentration of low molecular weight cations in water has been justified in this work. For the preparation of drilling muds, gellan and xanthan were used, these polymers were obtained from b...

  3. CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF ROTARY DRILLING HOLE DRY IN BORED FILLING PILE%钻孔灌注桩旋挖干取土成孔施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮

    2012-01-01

    According to the different strata and ground water level,construction of rotary drilling hole may using process with drilling pile dry and mud. Drilling pile dry without mud, hole wall do not produce sludge, thickness of waste in hole bottom is small,conducive to play the bearing capacity of pile. Meanwhile,high construction efficiency, mud - free emission,pollution of small,especially suitable for construction of urban construction foundation.%根据不同的地层及地下水位情况,旋挖钻成孔灌注桩可采用干取土成孔和泥浆护壁成孔工艺。干取土成孔工艺不需泥浆护壁,孔壁不产生泥皮,孔底渣土厚度小,利于桩基承载力的发挥。同时,施丁效率高,无泥浆排放,对环境污染小,尤其适合于城市建设基础的施工。

  4. Molten carbonate fuel cell technology improvement. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-06-01

    This report summarizes the work performed under Department of Energy Contract DEAC21-87MC23270, ``Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Technology Improvement.`` This work was conducted over a three year period and consisted of three major efforts. The first major effort was the power plant system study which reviewed the competitive requirements for a coal gasifier/molten carbonate fuel cell power plant, produced a conceptual design of a CG/MCFC, and defined the technology development requirements. This effort is discussed in Section 1 of the report. The second major effort involved the design and development of a new MCFC cell configuration which reduced the material content of the cell to a level competitive with competing power plants, simplified the cell configuration to make the components more manufacturable and adaptable to continuous low cost processing techniques, and introduced new-low-pressure drop flow fields for both reactant gases. The new flow fields permitted the incorporation of recirculation systems in both reactant gas systems, permitting simplified cooling techniques and the ability to operate on both natural gas and a wide variety of gasifier fuels. This cell technology improvement is discussed in Section 2. The third major effort involved the scaleup of the new cell configuration to the full-area, 8-sq-ft size and resulted in components used for a 25-kW, 20-cell stack verification test. The verification test was completed with a run of 2200 hours, exceeding the goal of 2000 hours and verifying the new cell design. TWs test, in turn, provided the confidence to proceed to a 100-kW demonstration which is the goal of the subsequent DOE program. The scaleup and stack verification tests are discussed in Sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 of this report.

  5. SURFACTANT SPRAY: A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE FLOTATION DEINKING PERFORMANCE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yulin Deng; Junyong Zhu

    2004-01-31

    Based on the fundamental understanding of ink removal and fiber loss mechanism in flotation deinking process, we developed this innovative technology using surfactant spray to improve the ink removal efficiency, reduce the water and fiber loss, reduce the chemical consumption and carry over in the flotation deinking. The innovative flotation deinking process uses a spray to deliver the frothing agent during flotation deinking to control several key process variables. The spray can control the foam stability and structure and modify the fluid dynamics to reduce the fibers entrapped in the froth layer. The froth formed at the top part of the flotation column will act as a physical filter to prevent the penetration of frothing agent into the pulp suspension to eliminate fiber contamination and unfavorable deinking surface chemistry modification due to surfactant adsorption on the fiber surface. Because of the filter effect, frothing agents will be better utilized. Under the sponsorships of the US Dept. of Energy (DOE) and the member companies of the Institute of Paper Science and Technology, we studied the chem-mechanical mechanism of surfactant spray for flotation deinking using different furnishes, chemicals, and flotation devices in the past four years. In the final year of the project, we successfully conducted mill trials at Abitibi-Consolidated, Inc., Snowflake paper recycling operation of 100% mixture of ONP/OMG. Results from laboratory, pilot-plant and mill trials indicated that surfactant spray technology can significantly reduce fiber loss in flotation deinking. It can be concluded that paper industry can profit greatly when this technology is commercialized in flotation deinking mills.

  6. Membrane technology in production of biofuels : tried-and-tested technology improves new biofuel processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2010-07-15

    Membrane filtration technology, long used in many industrial process streams, is now being adopted in biofuels production and integrated biorefineries, particularly in second generation cellulosic ethanol processes. Second-generation bio-ethanol processes seek to optimize fuel recovery and secondary products from the feedstock and obtain a better value fuel. Membranes are being used to improve bioprocesses, lower energy costs, and increase product recovery. Membranes are engineered physical barriers used in processes for liquid/liquid and liquid/solid separation, permitting the passage of materials only up to a certain size, shape, or character. In biodiesel processes, membranes are being increasingly used to facilitate water reuse. The technology is being explored for use in the production of organic acids, which can form the base for biodegradable plastics. Integrated biorefineries are using microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis. Membranes are being used in fermentation with mesophilic and thermophilic organisms to produce biofuels and organic and amino acids. Membrane technology is low cost relative to using evaporators for recovering or removing water, and it is promising for continuous fermentation, as it helps retain microbial biomass in the fermenter while allowing liquid to be drawn out continuously. Membrane technology developed for use at wastewater treatment plants is being applied in biodiesel production, which produces wash water that is high in contaminants. Membrane technology is part of a wave of biofuel research and demonstration plants.

  7. 青海木里冻土区天然气水合物钻探施工技术%Natural Gas Hydrate Drilling Technology in Muri Permafrost Region, Qinghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣风龙; 鲍海山; 怀军; 杨辰铭

    2015-01-01

    钻探取心是天然气水合物资源调查研究的一种重要技术手段,也是识别天然气水合物最有效的方法之一。青海木里煤田三露天调查区地质构造复杂,水合物钻探施工时极易出现孔壁坍塌、水合物分解、气侵泥浆及孔内涌气、涌水、漏失等问题,取芯困难、钻进效率低。针对这些技术难题,开展了泥浆制冷技术、大口径绳索快速取心钻进技术、聚合物低温泥浆工艺及泥浆防塌体系、钻孔结构及钻进参数优化、钻头选型、气体防喷等技术工艺研究,并在现场实践中取得了较好的效果,为今后青藏高原冻土地带进行天然气水合物钻探施工提供借鉴。%Borehole coring is one of major technical means to explore and study natural gas hydrate, also one of effective methods to identify natural gas hydrate. The Third Surface Coalmine exploration area in Muri coalfield, Qinghai has complicated geological struc⁃tures, during the drilling operation is easy to happen borehole wall collapse, hydrate decomposition, mud gas invasion, inrush of gas and water, circulation loss, difficult coring and low drilling efficiency etc. In allusion to above hard nuts have carried out measures of mud refrigeration, large diameter wire-line fast coring drilling and polymer low temperature mud technologies, as well as technical studies on mud collapse prevention system, borehole configuration, drilling parameters optimization, bit type selection and gas blowout preven⁃tion. Thus archived good effects in site operation practices and provided reference for natural gas hydrate drilling operation in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau permafrost region henceforth.

  8. Development and Application of Insulated Drill Pipe for High Temperature, High Pressure Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tom Champness; Tony Worthen; John Finger

    2008-12-31

    This project aimed to extend the insulated drill pipe (IDP) technology already demonstrated for geothermal drilling to HTHP drilling in deep gas reservoirs where temperatures are high enough to pose a threat to downhole equipment such as motors and electronics. The major components of the project were: a preliminary design; a market survey to assess industry needs and performance criteria; mechanical testing to verify strength and durability of IDP; and development of an inspection plan that would quantify the ability of various inspection techniques to detect flaws in assembled IDP. This report is a detailed description of those activities.

  9. Design, Development and Testing of a Drillable Straddle Packer for Lost Circulation Control in Geothermal Drilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabaldon, J.; Glowka, D.A.; Gronewald, P.; Knudsen, S.D.; Raymond, D.W.; Staller, G.E.; Westmoreland, J.J.; Whitlow, G.L.; Wise, J.L.; Wright, E.K.

    1999-04-01

    Lost Circulation is a widespread problem encountered when drilling geothermal wells, and often represents a substantial portion of the cost of drilling a well. The U.S. Department of Energy sponsors research and development work at Sandia National Laboratories in an effort to reduce these lost circulation expenditures. Sandia has developed a down hole tool that improves the effectiveness and reduces th cost of lost circulation cement treatment while drilling geothermal wells. This tool, the Drillable Straddle Packer, is a low-cost disposable device that is used to isolate the loss zone and emplace the cement treatment directly into the region of concern. This report documents the design and development of the Drillabe Straddle Packer, the laboratory and field test results, and the design package that is available to transfer this technology to industry users.

  10. Technology assessment in Australia : the case for a formal agency to improve advice to policy makers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Russell, A. Wendy; Vanclay, Frank M.; Salisbury, Janet G.; Aslin, Heather J.

    The pace and reach of technological change has led to calls for better technology policy and governance to improve social outcomes. Technology assessment can provide information and processes to improve technology policy. Having conducted a review of international best practice, we established a set

  11. Deep Drilling Basic Research: Volume 5 - System Evaluations. Final Report, November 1988--August 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1990-06-01

    This project is aimed at decreasing the costs and increasing the efficiency of drilling gas wells in excess of 15,000 feet. This volume presents a summary of an evaluation of various drilling techniques. Drilling solutions were compared quantitatively against typical penetration rates derived from conventional systems. A qualitative analysis measured the impact of a proposed system on the drilling industry. The evaluations determined that the best candidates f o r improving the speed and efficiency of drilling deep gas wells include: PDC/TSD bits, slim-hole drilling, roller-cone bits, downhole motors, top-driven systems, and coiled-tubing drilling.

  12. Taguchi optimization of machining parameters in drilling of AISI D2 steel using cryo-treated carbide drills

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    GULSAH AKINCIOGLU; FARUK MENDI; ADEM CICEK; SITKI AKINCIOGLU

    2017-02-01

    This study focused on using the Taguchi technique to optimize the process parameters in drilling of AISI D2 steel with carbide drills to minimize the surface roughness (Ra) and thrust forces (Ff). The drilling experiments were conducted on a CNC vertical machining centre according to the L18 experimental design. Uncoated drills were classified into three groups: untreated (U), cryo-treated (CT) and cryo-treated and tempered (CTT). The experimental results showed that the CTT drills exhibited the best performance in terms of Ra and Ff due to the improved wear resistance of carbide drills after the cryogenic treatment and tempering. As a result of analysis of variance (ANOVA), it was found that the most influential parameter on both Ra and Ff was the feed rate, with percentage contributions of 66.97% and 80.07%, respectively. The results showed that the Taguchitechnique is a powerful method to optimize the process parameters in drilling of tool steel.

  13. 76 FR 11812 - Drill Pipe and Drill Collars From China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... Register on September 9, 2010 (75 FR 54912). The hearing was held in Washington, DC, on January 5, 2011... COMMISSION Drill Pipe and Drill Collars From China Determinations On the basis of the record \\1\\ developed in... of imports of drill pipe and drill collars from China, provided for in subheadings 7304.22,...

  14. 75 FR 10501 - Drill Pipe and Drill Collars from China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-08

    ... publishing the notice in the Federal Register of January 6, 2010 (75 FR 877). The conference was held in... COMMISSION Drill Pipe and Drill Collars from China Determinations On the basis of the record \\1\\ developed in... injury by reason of imports from China of drill pipe and drill collars, provided for in subheadings...

  15. Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark B. Murphy

    2005-09-30

    The Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool in Eddy County New Mexico was a cost-shared field demonstration project in the U.S. Department of Energy Class III Program. A major goal of the Class III Program was to stimulate the use of advanced technologies to increase ultimate recovery from slope-basin clastic reservoirs. Advanced characterization techniques were used at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP) project to develop reservoir management strategies for optimizing oil recovery from this Delaware reservoir. The objective of the project was to demonstrate that a development program, which was based on advanced reservoir management methods, could significantly improve oil recovery at the NDP. Initial goals were (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to other oil and gas producers. Analysis, interpretation, and integration of recently acquired geological, geophysical, and engineering data revealed that the initial reservoir characterization was too simplistic to capture the critical features of this complex formation. Contrary to the initial characterization, a new reservoir description evolved that provided sufficient detail regarding the complexity of the Brushy Canyon interval at Nash Draw. This new reservoir description was used as a risk reduction tool to identify 'sweet spots' for a development drilling program as well as to evaluate pressure maintenance strategies. The reservoir characterization, geological modeling, 3-D seismic interpretation, and simulation studies have provided a detailed model of the Brushy Canyon zones. This model was used to predict the success of different reservoir management scenarios and to aid in determining the most favorable combination of targeted drilling, pressure maintenance, well stimulation, and well spacing to improve recovery from this reservoir. An

  16. Study on strength matching of prismatic drilling rod when drilling soft and outburst coal seam%棱状钻杆应用于松软突出煤层钻进强度匹配研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永龙; 孙玉宁; 翟新献; 宋维宾; 王振锋

    2014-01-01

    To solve the problem in strength matching of prismatic drilling rod , the mechanical analysis model of dif-ferent prismatic drilling rods were established by the physical design and numerical analysis software , and its strength and edges structure were analyzed .The results showed that the strength matching of conventional prismatic drilling rod is unreasonable .The thread of drilling rod exists the problems of vulnerabilities , lower safety factor and unbalance distribution .The technical means , such as increasing the diameter of the joint , optimizing joint and edge structure , and applying friction welding technology etc ., were adopted to improve the overall strength of the pris-matic drilling rod.The overall safety factor of improved prismatic drilling rod had more balanced distribution and less undulation , and the overall mechanical properties of the drilling rod were effectively improved .By engineering application , the problems of drilling rod dropping and breaking frequently when drilling in complex conditions coal seam were solved .The average depth of borehole exceeded the design depth , and the drilling efficiency improved by 20%, without the accidents of drilling rod dropping and breaking during the test .%为解决棱状钻具的强度匹配问题,应用实体设计和数值分析软件,建立不同结构棱状钻具力学分析模型,对其进行强度分析,优化棱状钻具结构。分析结果表明,常规棱状类钻具整体强度匹配不合理,丝扣位置存在受力薄弱点,安全系数较低且整体分布不均衡。可采取加大接头直径、优化接头及棱边结构、应用摩擦焊接工艺等技术手段提高棱状钻具整体强度;改进后的棱状钻杆,整体安全系数分布均衡、波动小,钻杆整体力学性能得到了有效的提高。通过工程应用,解决了煤矿复杂条件煤层钻孔施工丢钻、断钻频繁的被动局面,平均深度超过了设

  17. Stinger Enhanced Drill Bits For EGS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durrand, Christopher J. [Novatek International, Inc., Provo, UT (United States); Skeem, Marcus R. [Novatek International, Inc., Provo, UT (United States); Crockett, Ron B. [Novatek International, Inc., Provo, UT (United States); Hall, David R. [Novatek International, Inc., Provo, UT (United States)

    2013-04-29

    The project objectives were to design, engineer, test, and commercialize a drill bit suitable for drilling in hard rock and high temperature environments (10,000 meters) likely to be encountered in drilling enhanced geothermal wells. The goal is provide a drill bit that can aid in the increased penetration rate of three times over conventional drilling. Novatek has sought to leverage its polycrystalline diamond technology and a new conical cutter shape, known as the Stinger®, for this purpose. Novatek has developed a fixed bladed bit, known as the JackBit®, populated with both shear cutter and Stingers that is currently being tested by major drilling companies for geothermal and oil and gas applications. The JackBit concept comprises a fixed bladed bit with a center indenter, referred to as the Jack. The JackBit has been extensively tested in the lab and in the field. The JackBit has been transferred to a major bit manufacturer and oil service company. Except for the attached published reports all other information is confidential.

  18. 实体筛管完井技术在氮气钻井中的应用%Application of stuffed screen pipe completion technology in N2 drilled wells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵前进

    2009-01-01

    In view of the unique and complicated completion method for gas drilling, and high cost and low reliability of DDV and leakless inflatable screen pipe, the stuffed screen pipe with temporary plugging agent was developed autonomously. With this technology, the screen pipe was plugged with temporary plugging agent to be blank tubing in advance, and then slot or perforate holes on the pipe. After running the screen pipe downhole, the temporary plugging agent will be drilled, and then the formation will communicate with screen pipe. This technology was successfully used in the N_2 drilled well which is Niuqi-1 Well in Santanghu Oil Field, the daily production rate after completion was 2.5×10~4 m~3 which is 6 times more than offset wells. The low cost, low pollution and safer screen pipe designing method is an effective means for N_2 drilled wells completion.%针对气体钻井完井方式单一、完井程序复杂、采用套管阀或非透式可膨胀筛管完井技术成本高、可靠性差等问题,自主研发了利用暂堵剂密封筛管的实体筛管完井技术.该技术先将筛管用暂堵剂密封为盲管后对其进行割缝或打孔处理,然后利用成熟的下尾管完井技术入井后钻掉暂堵剂,最终实现储层与筛管连通.该技术在三塘湖油田牛气1井氮气钻井中得到了成功应用,完钻后日产气量2.5×10~4 m~3,为邻井的6倍以上,实现了低成本、零污染、安全顺利下入筛管的全过程氮气钻完井技术,为降低氮气钻井筛管完井成本提供了一条有效的途径.

  19. Zero tillage: A potential technology to improve cotton yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Hafiz Ghazanfar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Zero tillage technology revealed with no use of any soil inverting technique to grow crops. The crop plant seed is planted in the soil directly after irrigation to make the soil soft without any replenishing in soil layers. A study was conducted to evaluate cotton genotypes FH-114 and FH-142 for the consecutive three years of growing seasons from 2013-15. The seed of both genotypes was sown with two date of sowing, 1 March and 1 May of each three years of sowing under three tillage treatments (zero tillage, minimum tillage and conventional tillage in triplicate completely randomized split-split plot design. It was found from results that significant differences were recorded for tillage treatments, date of sowing, genotypes and their interactions. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate the yield and it attributed traits for potential of FH-114 and FH-142 cotton genotypes. The genotype FH-142 was found with higher and batter performance as compared to FH-114 under zero tillage, minimum tillage and conventional tillage techniques. The traits bolls per plant, boll weight, fibre fineness, fibre strength, plant height, cotton yield per plant and sympodial branches per plant were found as most contributing traits towards cotton yield and production. It was also found that FH-142 gives higher output in terms of economic gain under zero tillage with 54% increase as compared to conventional tillage technique. It was suggested that zero tillage technology should be adopted to improve cotton yield and quality. It was also recommended that further study to evaluate zero tillage as potential technology should be performed with different regions, climate and timing throughout the world.

  20. Novel chip coating approaches to improve white LED technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Paul; Schweighart, Marko; Sommer, Christian; Wenzl, Franz-P.; Zinterl, Ernst; Hoschopf, Hans; Pachler, Peter; Tasch, Stefan

    2008-02-01

    Key market requirements for white LEDs, especially in the general lighting and automotive headlamp segments call for improved concepts and performance of white LEDs based on phosphor conversion. Major challenges are small emission areas, highest possible intensities, long-term color stability, and spatial homogeneity of color coordinates. On the other hand, the increasingly high radiation power of the blue LEDs poses problems for all involved materials. Various thick film coating technologies are widely used for applying the color conversion layer to the semiconductor chip. We present novel concepts based on Silicate phosphors with high performance in terms of spatial homogeneity of the emission and variability of the color temperature. Numerical calculation of the optical properties with the help of state-of-the-art simulation tools was used as a basis for the practical optimization of the layer geometries.

  1. Reforming Technologies to Improve the Performance of Combustion Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hashim Hassan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A large number of theoretical and experimental studies have shown that the performance of kerosene combustion increases significantly if combustion is being assisted by the addition of hydrogen to the fuel/air mixture during the combustion process. It reduces the amount of CO, CO2 and NOx emissions, while increasing the flame stability limits. It also helps in bruning fuel/air mixtures at much leaner equivalence ratios. The same principle could be applied to gain benefits in gas turbine combustors. Hydrogen for this purpose could be produced by the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels using a reformer module. This paper presents key hydrogen reforming technologies which, by implementation in gas turbine combustors, hold potential for improving both their performance and service life.

  2. Application of Liner Cementation Technology in Wenchuan Earthquake Fault Scientific Drilling Project%汶川地震断裂带科学钻探项目尾管固井技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊腊生; 张伟; 李前贵; 李旭东; 赵远刚

    2012-01-01

      介绍了汶川地震断裂带科学钻探项目钻探施工过程中尾管固井技术的应用情况。针对该项目钻探施工的复杂地层条件,研发了适合于破碎地层和小套管间隙的无接箍尾管固井技术,关键技术包括尾管管柱设计、尾管下入及钻柱分离技术和施工工艺、适合于破碎地层和小套管间隙条件的尾管固井浆液设计和施工工艺。采用研发成功的尾管固井技术,在该项目的二号孔和三号孔中共进行了4次下尾管作业,均获得了成功。%  This article introduces the liner cementation technology and its application in Wenchuan earthquake scientific drilling project.According to the conditions of complex formation in this drilling project, liner cementation technology which is suitable for broken formation and small annulus between borehole and casing string, has been developed.The key points of this technology include liner string design and installation and cementing slurry design and construction.This tech-nology has been successfully used in 4 liner cementation operations.

  3. Research on Grouting Technology with Abandoned Drilling Mud%钻井废弃泥浆注浆利用技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋雪飞; 王正胜; 陈振国; 徐润; 周兴旺

    2011-01-01

    为了缓解煤矿钻井废弃泥浆排放处理难的问题,研究利用废弃泥浆配制成地面预注浆浆液,通过对研制的泥浆采用降黏改性处理后,浆液的密度及黏度降低;塑性强度缓慢增长,约15 h可以达到50 kPa.淮北矿业集团袁店二矿主井井筒的S孔注浆工程利用钻井泥浆注浆材料7 606m3,经井筒掘进测量,注浆段井筒剩余涌水量仅为3 m3/h,注浆效果达到优良.%In order to release the problems of the abandoned drilling mud discharging and treatment, the paper had a study on the preparation of the surface pre-grouting grout with the abandoned drilling mud.With the sticky reduction and modification treatment of the prepared mud, the density and sticky of the grout would be reduced.The plasticity strength of the grout would be slowly increased and could be reached to 50 kPa after about 15 h.The grouting project with S bereholes for the mine main shaft of Yuandian No.2 Mine, Huaibei Coal Mining Group had consumed the drilling mud grout of 7 606 m3.After the mine shaft excavation and measurement, the residual water inrush quantity at the grouting section of the mine shaft was about 3 m3/h and the grouting effect was excellent.

  4. Laser Drilling - Drilling with the Power of Light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brian C. Gahan; Samih Batarseh

    2005-09-28

    Gas Technology Institute (GTI) has been the leading investigator in the field of high power laser applications research for well construction and completion applications. Since 1997, GTI (then as Gas Research Institute) has investigated several military and industrial laser systems and their ability to cut and drill into reservoir type rocks. In this report, GTI continues its investigation with a recently acquired 5.34 kW ytterbium-doped multi-clad high power fiber laser (HPFL). The HPFL represents a potentially disruptive technology that, when compared to its competitors, is more cost effective to operate, capable of remote operations, and requires considerably less maintenance and repair. To determine how this promising laser would perform under high pressure in-situ conditions, GTI performed a number of experiments with results directly comparable to previous data. Experiments were designed to investigate the effect of laser input parameters on representative reservoir rock types of sandstone and limestone. The focus of the experiments was on completion and perforation applications, although the results and techniques apply to well construction and other rock cutting applications. All previous laser/rock interaction tests were performed on samples in the lab at atmospheric pressure. To determine the effect of downhole pressure conditions, a sophisticated tri-axial cell was designed and tested. For the first time, Berea sandstone, limestone and clad core samples were lased under various combinations of confining, axial and pore pressures. Composite core samples consisted of steel cemented to rock in an effort to represent material penetrated in a cased hole. The results of this experiment will assist in the development of a downhole laser perforation prototype tool. In the past, several combinations of laser and rock variables were investigated at standard conditions and reported in the literature. More recent experiments determined the technical feasibility of

  5. Nonpolluting drilling fluid composition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larson, D.E.; Mocek, C.J.; Mouton, R.J.

    1983-02-22

    Disclosed is a nonpolluting drilling fluid composition. The composition mixture consisting essentially of a concentrate and any nonpolluting oil. The concentrate consists essentially of diethanolamide, a fatty acid, and a imidazoline/amide mixture.

  6. Robotic joint replacement surgery: does technology improve outcomes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Chelsea; El-Bash, Reem; Johnson, Leslie; Coustasse, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    Osteoarthritis is a common disease that leads patients to seek total joint replacement (TJR). Component misalignment leads to failure of TJR. Computer navigation enhances the precision of component alignment, but the addition of robotic guidance can boost TJR to a higher level of accuracy. Some 29 English-language peer-reviewed articles from 2002 to 2013 and 1 Web site were reviewed. A conceptual framework was adapted to explain benefits and barriers of adoption of robotic TJR. A total of 10 studies were reviewed with focus on more precise alignment, outcomes, length of stay, and costs. Cost to obtain robotic surgical equipment was found to be about $1 million with maintenance costs approaching $350 000. Robotic techniques compared with conventional orthopedic surgery showed slight variances in favor of robotic procedures. Although hospitals have the potential to reduce costs and improve outcomes with robotic TJR, the expenditure and maintenance have not been proven a clear return on investment. As surgical robotic technology evolves in accuracy and accessibility, joint replacement surgery may benefit from improved precision and decreased health care costs. However, equipment purchase and upkeep costs and surgeon training may impede use to its full potential in orthopedic surgery in the United States.

  7. IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF MAINTENANCE PROCESSES USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zora Arsovski

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In essence, process of maintaining equipment is a support process, because it indirectly contributes to operational ability of the production process necessary for the supply chain of the new value. Taking into account increased levels of automatization and quality, this proces s becomes more and more significant and for some branches of industry, even crucial. Due to the fact that the quality of the entire process is more and more dependent on the maintenance process, these processes must be carefully designed and effectively im plemented. There are various techniques and approaches at our disposal, such as technical, logistical and intensive application of the information - communication technologies. This last approach is presented in this work. It begins with organizational goa ls, especially quality objectives. Then, maintenance processes and integrated information system structures are defined. Maintenance process quality and improvement processes are defined using a set of performances, with a special emphasis placed on effectiveness and quality economics. At the end of the work, information system for improving maintenance economics is structured. Besides theoretical analysis, work also presents results authors obtained analyzing food industry, metal processing industry an d building materials industry.

  8. PDC钻头双管钻探工艺在河南西部铝土矿地层的应用%Application of PDC bit and double tube swivel drilling techniques in west of Henan bauxite strata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘广灿; 张金来

    2011-01-01

    文章分析探讨铝土矿地层钻探工艺,采用常规绳索取芯钻探、普通双管钻探与PDC双管钻探对比进行,钻进中采用常规钻探方法常发生钻具粘附孔壁而产生的卡钻问题,致使钻探效率低,采用PDC钻头双管钻探不仅较好地解决了粘附孔壁而卡钻的问题,而且提高了钻探效率.%In the paper the authors analyzed and discussed the drilling technology in bauxite strata, through the comparation of conventional rope core drilling, normal twin pipe drilling and drilling PDC double. Conventional drilling method could not solve drill hole wall adhesion and sticking problems, often making drilling with low efficiency. While PDC bits and double pipe drilling can better solve the adhesion of the hole wall and the sticking of problems, improving drilling efficiency.

  9. Paramagnetism shielding in drilling fluid

    OpenAIRE

    Li,Zhuo

    2013-01-01

    In drilling operations, drilling fluid containing magnetic materials is used when drilling a well. The materials can significantly shield the Earth’s magnetic field as measured by magnetic sensors inside the drilling strings. The magnetic property of the drilling fluid is one of the substantial error sources for the determination of magnetic azimuth for wellbores. Both the weight material, cuttings, clay and other formation material plus metal filings from the tubular wear m...

  10. Modeling pellet impact drilling process

    OpenAIRE

    Kovalev, Artem Vladimirovich; Ryabchikov, Sergey Yakovlevich; Isaev, Evgeniy Dmitrievich; Ulyanova, Oksana Sergeevna

    2016-01-01

    The paper describes pellet impact drilling which could be used to increase the drilling speed and the rate of penetration when drilling hard rocks. Pellet impact drilling implies rock destruction by metal pellets with high kinetic energy in the immediate vicinity of the earth formation encountered. The pellets are circulated in the bottom hole by a high velocity fluid jet, which is the principle component of the ejector pellet impact drill bit. The experiments conducted has allowed modeling t...

  11. Drilling on Mars---Mathematical Model for Rotary-Ultrasonic Core Drilling of Brittle Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Mera Fayez

    The results from the Phoenix mission led scientists to believe it is possible that primitive life exists below the Martian surface. Therefore, drilling in Martian soil in search for organisms is the next logical step. Drilling on Mars is a major engineering challenge due to the drilling depth requirement. Mars lacks a thick atmosphere and a continuous magnetic field that shield the planet's surface from solar radiation and solar flares. As a result, the Martian surface is sterile and if life ever existed, it must be found below the surface. In 2001, NASA's Mars Exploration Payload Advisory Group proposed that drilling should be considered as a priority investigation on Mars in an effort of finding evidence of extinct or extant life. On August 6, 2012, the team of engineers landed the spacecraft Curiosity on the surface of Mars by using a revolutionary hovering platform. The results from the Curiosity mission suggested the next logical step, which is drilling six meters deep in the red planet in search of life. Excavation tools deployed to Mars so far have been able to drill to a maximum depth of 6.5 cm. Thus, the drilling capabilities need to be increased by a factor or approximately 100 to achieve the goal of drilling six meters deep. This requirement puts a demand on developing a new and more effective technologies to reach this goal. Previous research shows evidence of a promising drilling mechanism in rotary-ultrasonic for what it offers in terms of high surface quality, faster rate of penetration and higher material removal rate. This research addresses the need to understand the mechanics of the drill bit tip and rock interface in rotary-ultrasonic drilling of brittle materials. A mathematical model identifying all contributing independent parameters, such as drill bit design parameters, drilling process parameters, ultrasonic wave amplitude and rocks' material properties, that have effect on rate of penetration is developed. Analytical and experimental

  12. Improved understanding of hyperaccumulation yields commercial phytoextraction and phytomining technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaney, Rufus L; Angle, J Scott; Broadhurst, C Leigh; Peters, Carinne A; Tappero, Ryan V; Sparks, Donald L

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviews progress in phytoextraction of soil elements and illustrates the key role of hyperaccumulator plant species in useful phytoextraction technologies. Much research has focused on elements which are not practically phytoextracted (Pb); on addition of chelating agents which cause unacceptable contaminant leaching and are cost prohibitive; and on plant species which offer no useful phytoextraction capability (e.g., Brassica juncea Czern). Nickel phytoextraction by Alyssum hyperaccumulator species, which have been developed into a commercial phytomining technology, is discussed in more detail. Nickel is ultimately accumulated in vacuoles of leaf epidermal cells which prevents metal toxicity and provides defense against some insect predators and plant diseases. Constitutive up-regulation of trans-membrane element transporters appears to be the key process that allows these plants to achieve hyperaccumulation. Cadmium phytoextraction is needed for rice soils contaminated by mine wastes and smelter emissions with 100-fold more soil Zn than Cd. Although many plant species can accumulate high levels of Cd in the absence of Zn, when Cd/Zn>100, only Thlaspi caerulescens from southern France has demonstrated the ability to phytoextract useful amounts of Cd. Production of element-enriched biomass with value as ore or fertilizer or improved food (Se) or feed supplement may offset costs of phytoextraction crop production. Transgenic phytoextraction plants have been achieved for Hg, but not for other elements. Although several researchers have been attempting to clone all genes required for effective hyperaccumulation of several elements, success appears years away; such demonstrations will be needed to prove we have identified all necessary processes in hyperaccumulation.

  13. Improving radiopharmaceutical supply chain safety by implementing bar code technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matanza, David; Hallouard, François; Rioufol, Catherine; Fessi, Hatem; Fraysse, Marc

    2014-11-01

    The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate an approach for improving radiopharmaceutical supply chain safety by implementing bar code technology. We first evaluated the current situation of our radiopharmaceutical supply chain and, by means of the ALARM protocol, analysed two dispensing errors that occurred in our department. Thereafter, we implemented a bar code system to secure selected key stages of the radiopharmaceutical supply chain. Finally, we evaluated the cost of this implementation, from overtime, to overheads, to additional radiation exposure to workers. An analysis of the events that occurred revealed a lack of identification of prepared or dispensed drugs. Moreover, the evaluation of the current radiopharmaceutical supply chain showed that the dispensation and injection steps needed to be further secured. The bar code system was used to reinforce product identification at three selected key stages: at usable stock entry; at preparation-dispensation; and during administration, allowing to check conformity between the labelling of the delivered product (identity and activity) and the prescription. The extra time needed for all these steps had no impact on the number and successful conduct of examinations. The investment cost was reduced (2600 euros for new material and 30 euros a year for additional supplies) because of pre-existing computing equipment. With regard to the radiation exposure to workers there was an insignificant overexposure for hands with this new organization because of the labelling and scanning processes of radiolabelled preparation vials. Implementation of bar code technology is now an essential part of a global securing approach towards optimum patient management.

  14. 半潜式钻井平台系统VRML仿真关键技术研究%Key Technology Research of VRML Simulation about Semi-submersible Drilling Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈蓉; 齐明侠; 刘健; 唐甫世

    2013-01-01

    为深入研究半潜式钻井平台结构和功能,建立其仿真系统具有重要意义.按照实际比例建立了钻井平台、钻机井架、绞车、天车、顶驱、游车等的零件及其装配体三维模型,并装配出钻井平台系统模型.在此基础上,研究了半潜式平台系统仿真技术中虚拟现实下VRML文件优化,采用了预优化处理、基于面片数的优化、基于节点复用的优化、基于数据精度的优化以及基于文件压缩的优化等不同的优化技术,设计出半潜式深水钻井平台系统VRML虚拟仿真模型以及系统完整总体结构.%In order to do further research about the structure and function of the semi-submersible drilling platform,the establishment of its simulation system has very important practical significance.According to the actual geometry,the parts and the assembly 3D model were established including the drilling platform,derrick,winch,crown block,top drive,traveling block.The drilling platform system model is assembled,too.Base on these,the VRML file optimization of the semisubmersible platform system simulation technology in the virtual reality was studied.The different optimization techniques were adopted,including the preliminary optimization,the optimization based on the patch number,the optimization of node reuse,the optimization based on data accuracy and based on the file compression.The VRML virtual simulation modeling of the semi-submersible drilling platform and the complete general structure of the system were provided.

  15. Application on drilling parameter monitor in drilling engineering monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu DIAO; Zhenbao LING; Wenjing LIANG

    2008-01-01

    The drilling parameter monitor is an important tool in drilling engineering applied to monitoring drilling process, carrying out scientific analysis and decision-making. Based on discussing the present development situation of the domestic and foreign drilling machine parameter monitors, the metering scheme for vehicle-loaded drilling parameter monitor was designed. By using detection system for MSP430 single-chip microcomputer (SCM) in combination with peripheral circuit such as sensors, the drilling-rig control system was obtained to detect, and for every parameter in real-time display in order to keep operating the drilling rig status. The experiment shows that the drilling parameter monitor reaches design requirements and can be applied to drilling engineering monitoring, which has characters such as simple structure, high credibility and low cost.

  16. Development and Manufacture of Cost-Effective Composite Drill Pipe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James C. Leslie

    2008-12-31

    Advanced Composite Products and Technology, Inc. (ACPT) has developed composite drill pipe (CDP) that matches the structural and strength properties of steel drill pipe, but weighs less than 50 percent of its steel counterpart. Funding for the multiyear research and development of CDP was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy through the Natural Gas and Oil Projects Management Division at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Composite materials made of carbon fibers and epoxy resin offer mechanical properties comparable to steel at less than half the weight. Composite drill pipe consists of a composite material tube with standard drill pipe steel box and pin connections. Unlike metal drill pipe, composite drill pipe can be easily designed, ordered, and produced to meet specific requirements for specific applications. Because it uses standard joint connectors, CDP can be used in lieu of any part of or for the entire steel drill pipe section. For low curvature extended reach, deep directional drilling, or ultra deep onshore or offshore drilling, the increased strength to weight ratio of CDP will increase the limits in all three drilling applications. Deceased weight will reduce hauling costs and increase the amount of drill pipe allowed on offshore platforms. In extreme extended reach areas and high-angle directional drilling, drilling limits are associated with both high angle (fatigue) and frictional effects resulting from the combination of high angle curvature and/or total weight. The radius of curvature for a hole as small as 40 feet (12.2 meters) or a build rate of 140 degrees per 100 feet is within the fatigue limits of specially designed CDP. Other properties that can be incorporated into the design and manufacture of composite drill pipe and make it attractive for specific applications are corrosion resistance, non-magnetic intervals, and abrasion resistance coatings. Since CDP has little or no electromagnetic force

  17. Projects to improve mathematics performance at a university of technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ina Louw

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Lecturers at tertiary institutions have been expressing concern about the quality of students in mathematics for a long time now. Blame is usually placed at the door of secondary schools, but through put figures are still determining state subsidies and as such necessitate institutions to constantly revisit their efforts in terms of improving performance in mathematics. In this article, the results of two studies to improve the mathematics performance at a technical university are reported. The first study took place at the former Technikon Northern Gauteng and was an action research project with an experimental design. The study entailed the implementation of tutorial sessions and it revealed certain traits of tertiary mathematics education. Data were collected through structured observation, questionnaires and focus group interviews. A standardized questionnaire, Study Orientation Questionnaire in Maths (SOM, was introduced and “study habits” was the field in the test that featured most significantly in both the experimental and the control groups. The results revealed, inter alia, that timely assessment is needed to detect and correct misconceptions as soon as possible. It also pointed out that attendance of lectures (and tutorials impacted strongly on performance. Lastly, it was found that students preferred communicating mathematics through the medium of English and not by using their mother tongue. The second project was conducted at the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT and consisted of an investigation into assessment practices in first year mathematics. The study was executed with action research as strategy and data were collected through interviews, questionnaires and focus group interviews. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected and respondents were exposed to contemporary assessment strategies as suggested by OBE. The aim of the study was to enhance the respondents’ insight into contemporary assessment

  18. ON IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF VOCATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. SIDOROV

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to improving the content of vocational and technological and methodical preparation of the future teachers of technology. The author tells the technology training of students of electro- physical and electrochemical methods of processing of construction materials, which utilizes the integration of natural sciences, engineering and technological disciplines, developed using the existing set of teaching and laboratory facilities. Settings allow students to study the complex physical processes experimental study of the problem. The paper also shows a feature of the organization of a laboratory practical work in the form of educational and research work of students, to teach them to perform the volume of independent work using scientific methods of theoretical and experimental studies. The role of these methods is important for the development of creative thinking of students, forming engineering design knowledge and skills, as well as the skills of independent research, which provides, in turn, higher cognitive and creative activity of students. The author presents the results of his pedagogical experiment. Thus, the introduction in the educational process UIRS going involvement of students in research work, which becomes an important part in the preparation of research methodology equips their scientific and technical thinking, develops an interest in creativity, it helps provide them with in-depth knowledge, and the ability to apply them in practice. The research work of students includes research activities not only in the educational process, but also to participate in the circles of the department in the scientific work of the laboratory.

  19. Seismic Prediction While Drilling (SPWD): Seismic exploration ahead of the drill bit using phased array sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaksch, Katrin; Giese, Rüdiger; Kopf, Matthias

    2010-05-01

    maximize the energy of the seismic source in order to reach a sufficient exploration range. The next step for focusing is to use the method of phased array. Dependent of the seismic wave velocities of the surrounding rock, the distance of the actuators to each other and the used frequencies the signal phases for each actuator can be determined. Since one year several measurements with the prototype have been realized under defined conditions at a test site in a mine. The test site consists of a rock block surrounded from three galleries with a dimension of about 100 by 200 meters. For testing the prototype two horizontal boreholes were drilled. They are directed to one of the gallery to get a strong reflector. The quality of the data of the borehole seismics in amplitude and frequency spectra show overall a good signal-to-noise ratio and correlate strongly with the fracture density along the borehole and are associated with a lower signal-to-noise ratio. Additionally, the geophones of the prototype show reflections from ahead and rearward in the seismic data. In particular, the reflections from the gallery ahead are used for the calibration of focusing. The direct seismic wave field indicates distinct compression and shear waves. The analysis of several seismic measurements with a focus on the direct seismic waves shows that the phased array technology explicit can influence the directional characteristics of the radiated seimic waves. The amplitudes of the seismic waves can be enhanced up to three times more in the desired direction and simultaneously be attenuated in the reverse direction. A major step for the directional investigation in boreholes has accomplished. But the focusing of the seismic waves has to be improved to maximize the energy in the desired direction in more measurements by calibrating the initiating seismic signals of the sources. A next step this year is the development of a wireline prototype for application in vertical boreholes with depths not

  20. Risk quantitative technology of oil and gas drilling engineering%石油天然气钻井工程风险量化技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪梅; 李俊荣; 尹立华; 张涛; 宁立伟; 张庆华

    2012-01-01

    Based on the concept of risk, a quantitative approach of risk in drilling engineering-risk, assessment index system, was presented by analyzing the design of the oil and gas drilling engineering, equipment, construction management, complex situation and accidents. Combining with scientific computing and expertise, this approach determined quantitative criteria and three indicators-inherent risk indicators, accident-prone indicators and consequences severity index, and it divided drilling engineering risk into 4 levels, eventually the risk assessment system was established which was made up of index system, scoring system, and risk classification standard. This approach can be used for risk assessment of the professional institutions and also for the inspection of the safety management departments to take appropriate measures to reduce the risk of the project.%基于风险的概念,在对石油天然气钻井工程设计、工艺设备、施工管理、复杂情况和事故等总体分析的基础上,提出钻井工程风险量化方法——风险评估指数系统.此方法结合科学计算和专家经验,确定了固有风险指标、事故易发性指标和后果严重度指标等三个指标及量化标准,并将钻井工程风险划分为4个等级,最终建立了由指数体系、评分体系、风险分级标准组成的风险评估系统.本方法可用于专业机构的风险评估,也可用于安全管理部门的检查,以指导采取相应措施降低工程的危险性.

  1. 石油钻井作业的安全葡萄图管理技术%Management technology of safety grape figure in oil drilling operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    练章富; 邓昌松; 韩松; 林铁军; 丁亮亮; 郭衍茹

    2012-01-01

    石油钻井作业是一个高风险行业,其风险具有严重性、突发性、隐蔽性、随机性的特点,是石油石化行业中最主要的事故频发区之一.震惊世界的“12.23”事故以后,在国家和企业安全生产的指导与监督下,事故较以前明显减少,但钻井作业的特点决定了其风险因素不会被消除,只能通过人的因素去预防事故发生.安全葡萄图从人的因素考虑,结合了人体生物节律与葡萄图两者的优点,除了具有葡萄图的特点外,还具有预测性、记录性和选拔性,是安全管理方面的一种新方法.安全葡萄图是一种以人为本的安全管理方法,通过加强人员安全管理来减少和消除事故隐患的目的.该方法简单实用,适合于钻井等高风险行业使用.%Oil drilling is a high-risk industry with the characteristics of severity,sudden,latent and randomness,and is one of the most frenquent accidents in petroleum and petrochemical industries. After the shocked-world "12.23" accident,accidents happened significantly less than before,but drilling characteristics determine that its risk factors will not be eliminated and drilling accidents can be prevented only by the human factor. The Safety Grape Figure is a people-oriented, new safety management method combining with the advantage of human biological rhythm and the Grape Figure. And it also can be predictive, record and selective. By strengthening the safety management of staff, it can reduce and eliminate the hidden hazard of accident. This method is simple and practical, and suitable for using in high-risk industry.

  2. Advanced Seismic While Drilling System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert Radtke; John Fontenot; David Glowka; Robert Stokes; Jeffery Sutherland; Ron Evans; Jim Musser

    2008-06-30

    . An APS Turbine Alternator powered the SeismicPULSER{trademark} to produce two Hz frequency peak signals repeated every 20 seconds. Since the ION Geophysical, Inc. (ION) seismic survey surface recording system was designed to detect a minimum downhole signal of three Hz, successful performance was confirmed with a 5.3 Hz recording with the pumps running. The two Hz signal generated by the sparker was modulated with the 3.3 Hz signal produced by the mud pumps to create an intense 5.3 Hz peak frequency signal. The low frequency sparker source is ultimately capable of generating selectable peak frequencies of 1 to 40 Hz with high-frequency spectra content to 10 kHz. The lower frequencies and, perhaps, low-frequency sweeps, are needed to achieve sufficient range and resolution for realtime imaging in deep (15,000 ft+), high-temperature (150 C) wells for (a) geosteering, (b) accurate seismic hole depth, (c) accurate pore pressure determinations ahead of the bit, (d) near wellbore diagnostics with a downhole receiver and wired drill pipe, and (e) reservoir model verification. Furthermore, the pressure of the sparker bubble will disintegrate rock resulting in an increased overall rates of penetration. Other applications for the SeismicPULSER{trademark} technology are to deploy a low-frequency source for greater range on a wireline for Reverse Vertical Seismic Profiling (RVSP) and Cross-Well Tomography. Commercialization of the technology is being undertaken by first contacting stakeholders to define the value proposition for rig site services utilizing SeismicPULSER{trademark} technologies. Stakeholders include national oil companies, independent oil companies, independents, service companies, and commercial investors. Service companies will introduce a new Drill Bit SWD service for deep HTHP wells. Collaboration will be encouraged between stakeholders in the form of joint industry projects to develop prototype tools and initial field trials. No barriers have been identified

  3. Improving K-12 STEM Education Outcomes through Technological Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Michael J., Ed.; Falvo, David A., Ed.

    2016-01-01

    The application of technology in classroom settings has equipped educators with innovative tools and techniques for effective teaching practice. Integrating digital technologies at the elementary and secondary levels helps to enrich the students' learning experience and maximize competency in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and…

  4. Improving measurement technology for the design of sustainable cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardyjak, Eric R.; Stoll, Rob

    2017-09-01

    This review identifies and discusses measurement technology gaps that are currently preventing major science leaps from being realized in the study of urban environmental transport processes. These scientific advances are necessary to better understand the links between atmospheric transport processes in the urban environment, human activities, and potential management strategies. We propose that with various improved and targeted measurements, it will be possible to provide technically sound guidance to policy and decision makers for the design of sustainable cities. This review focuses on full-scale in situ and remotely sensed measurements of atmospheric winds, temperature, and humidity in cities and links measurements to current modeling and simulation needs. A key conclusion of this review is that there is a need for urban-specific measurement techniques including measurements of highly-resolved three-dimensional fields at sampling frequencies high enough to capture small-scale turbulence processes yet also capable of covering spatial extents large enough to simultaneously capture key features of urban heterogeneity and boundary layer processes while also supporting the validation of current and emerging modeling capabilities.

  5. Vibrating membrane filtration as improved technology for microalgae dewatering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurra, Claudia; Clavero, Ester; Salvadó, Joan; Torras, Carles

    2014-04-01

    The effect of shear-enhanced filtration by vibratory process in microalgae dewatering is presented in this paper. The aim of this research was to investigate the technical performance and improvement of vibrating membrane filtration compared with conventional tangential cross-flow filtration in microalgae concentration. An industrial-scale available commercial set-up was used. Several membrane materials as polyethersulfone, polyacrylonitrile, etc., and mean pore sizes (from 7000Da to 0.2μm) were tested and compared in both filtration set-ups. Experiments were carried-out with Nannochloropsis gaditana and Phaeodactylum tricornutum microalgae. It has been demonstrated that, even if the choice of the membrane depends on its cut-off, its material and the type of microalgae filtrated, dynamic filtration is always the best technology over a conventional one. If with conventional filtration permeability values were in the vicinity of 10L/h/m(2)/bar in steady state phase, with dynamic filtration these values increased to 30L/h/m(2)/bar or more.

  6. Improved Technologies for Decontamination of Crated Large Metal Objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McFee, J.; Barbour, K.; Stallings, E.

    2003-02-25

    The Los Alamos Large Scale Demonstration and Deployment Project (LSDDP) in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area (DDFA) has been identifying and demonstrating technologies to reduce the cost and risk of management of transuranic element contaminated large metal objects, i.e. gloveboxes. DOE must dispose of hundreds of gloveboxes from Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and other DOE sites. This paper reports on the results of four technology demonstrations on decontamination of plutonium contaminated gloveboxes with each technology compared to a common baseline technology, wipedown with nitric acid.

  7. Recovery Act: Electrochromic Glazing Technology: Improved Performance, Lower Price

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burdis, Mark; Sbar, Neil

    2012-06-30

    The growing dependency of the US on energy imports and anticipated further increases in energy prices reinforce the concerns about meeting the energy demand in the future and one element of a secure energy future is conservation. It is estimated that the buildings sector represents 40% of the US's total energy consumption. And buildings produce as much as one third of the greenhouse gas emissions primarily through fossil fuel usage during their operational phase. A significant fraction of this energy usage is simply due to inefficient window technology. Electrochromic (EC) windows allow electronic control of their optical properties so that the transparency to light can be adjusted from clear to dark. This ability to control the amount of solar energy allowed into the building can be advantageously used to minimize lighting, heating and air conditioning costs. Currently, the penetration of EC windows into the marketplace is extremely small, and consequently there is a huge opportunity for energy savings if this market can be expanded. In order to increase the potential energy savings it is necessary to increase the quantity of EC windows in operation. Additionally, any incremental improvement in the energy performance of each window will add to the potential energy savings. The overall goals of this project were therefore to improve the energy performance and lower the cost of dynamic (EC) smart windows for residential and commercial building applications. This project is obviously of benefit to the public by addressing two major areas: lowering the cost and improving the energy performance of EC glazings. The high level goals for these activities were: (i) to improve the range between the clear and the tinted state, (ii) reduce the price of EC windows by utilizing lower cost materials, (iii) lowering the U-Value1 SAGE Electrochromics Inc. is the only company in the US which has a track record of producing EC windows, and presently has a small operational

  8. Recovery Act: Electrochromic Glazing Technology: Improved Performance, Lower Price

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burdis, Mark; Sbar, Neil

    2012-06-30

    The growing dependency of the US on energy imports and anticipated further increases in energy prices reinforce the concerns about meeting the energy demand in the future and one element of a secure energy future is conservation. It is estimated that the buildings sector represents 40% of the US's total energy consumption. And buildings produce as much as one third of the greenhouse gas emissions primarily through fossil fuel usage during their operational phase. A significant fraction of this energy usage is simply due to inefficient window technology. Electrochromic (EC) windows allow electronic control of their optical properties so that the transparency to light can be adjusted from clear to dark. This ability to control the amount of solar energy allowed into the building can be advantageously used to minimize lighting, heating and air conditioning costs. Currently, the penetration of EC windows into the marketplace is extremely small, and consequently there is a huge opportunity for energy savings if this market can be expanded. In order to increase the potential energy savings it is necessary to increase the quantity of EC windows in operation. Additionally, any incremental improvement in the energy performance of each window will add to the potential energy savings. The overall goals of this project were therefore to improve the energy performance and lower the cost of dynamic (EC) smart windows for residential and commercial building applications. This project is obviously of benefit to the public by addressing two major areas: lowering the cost and improving the energy performance of EC glazings. The high level goals for these activities were: (i) to improve the range between the clear and the tinted state, (ii) reduce the price of EC windows by utilizing lower cost materials, (iii) lowering the U-Value1 SAGE Electrochromics Inc. is the only company in the US which has a track record of producing EC windows, and presently has a small operational

  9. Chinese Drilling Crews Active Worldwide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ China Great Wall Drilling Company signed a US$5 million contract with Tunis Joint Venture Petroleum Company in late April for drilling five wells in the middle coastal area of Tunis. This is the first time Tunis has invited the tenders from foreign companies for a drilling project. The participants in the bidding include other 11 drilling companies from the United States, Australia, Croatia and other countries. The drilling operation is expected to start from June this year. Founded in 1995, Great Wall Drilling Company is a subsidiary of CNPC International Engineering Company. The drilling company is now operating more than 50 Chinesemade drilling rigs overseas and involved in the drilling projects in 15 countries and regions such as Sudan, Iran, Indonesia, Egypt, Canada, Kazakhstan,Venezuela and other countries. The Tunis project is the 15th one of the company.

  10. Field Testing of Environmentally Friendly Drilling System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David Burnett

    2009-05-31

    The Environmentally Friendly Drilling (EFD) program addresses new low-impact technology that reduces the footprint of drilling activities, integrates light weight drilling rigs with reduced emission engine packages, addresses on-site waste management, optimizes the systems to fit the needs of a specific development sites and provides stewardship of the environment. In addition, the program includes industry, the public, environmental organizations, and elected officials in a collaboration that addresses concerns on development of unconventional natural gas resources in environmentally sensitive areas. The EFD program provides the fundamentals to result in greater access, reasonable regulatory controls, lower development cost and reduction of the environmental footprint associated with operations for unconventional natural gas. Industry Sponsors have supported the program with significant financial and technical support. This final report compendium is organized into segments corresponding directly with the DOE approved scope of work for the term 2005-2009 (10 Sections). Each specific project is defined by (a) its goals, (b) its deliverable, and (c) its future direction. A web site has been established that contains all of these detailed engineering reports produced with their efforts. The goals of the project are to (1) identify critical enabling technologies for a prototype low-impact drilling system, (2) test the prototype systems in field laboratories, and (3) demonstrate the advanced technology to show how these practices would benefit the environment.

  11. Continued SOFC cell and stack technology and improved production methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wandel, M.; Brodersen, K.; Phair, J. (and others)

    2009-05-15

    Within this project significant results are obtained on a number of very diverse areas ranging from development of cell production, metallic creep in interconnect to assembling and test of stacks with foot print larger than 500 cm2. Out of 38 milestones 28 have been fulfilled and 10 have been partly fulfilled. This project has focused on three main areas: 1) The continued cell development and optimization of manufacturing processes aiming at production of large foot-print cells, improving cell performance and development environmentally more benign production methods. 2) Stack technology - especially stacks with large foot print and improving the stack design with respect to flow geometry and gas leakages. 3) Development of stack components with emphasis on sealing (for 2G as well as 3G), interconnect (coat, architecture and creep) and test development. Production of cells with a foot print larger than 500 cm2 is very difficult due to the brittleness of the cells and great effort has been put into this topic. Eight cells were successfully produced making it possible to assemble and test a real stack thereby giving valuable results on the prospects of stacks with large foot print. However, the yield rate is very low and a significant development to increase this yield lies ahead. Several lessons were learned on the stack level regarding 'large foot print' stacks. Modelling studies showed that the width of the cell primarily is limited by production and handling of the cell whereas the length (in the flow direction) is limited by e.g. pressure drop and necessary manifolding. The optimal cell size in the flow direction was calculated to be between approx20 cm and < 30 cm. From an economical point of view the production yield is crucial and stacks with large foot print cell area are only feasible if the cell production yield is significantly enhanced. Co-casting has been pursued as a production technique due to the possibilities in large scale production

  12. Advanced Seismic While Drilling System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert Radtke; John Fontenot; David Glowka; Robert Stokes; Jeffery Sutherland; Ron Evans; Jim Musser

    2008-06-30

    . An APS Turbine Alternator powered the SeismicPULSER{trademark} to produce two Hz frequency peak signals repeated every 20 seconds. Since the ION Geophysical, Inc. (ION) seismic survey surface recording system was designed to detect a minimum downhole signal of three Hz, successful performance was confirmed with a 5.3 Hz recording with the pumps running. The two Hz signal generated by the sparker was modulated with the 3.3 Hz signal produced by the mud pumps to create an intense 5.3 Hz peak frequency signal. The low frequency sparker source is ultimately capable of generating selectable peak frequencies of 1 to 40 Hz with high-frequency spectra content to 10 kHz. The lower frequencies and, perhaps, low-frequency sweeps, are needed to achieve sufficient range and resolution for realtime imaging in deep (15,000 ft+), high-temperature (150 C) wells for (a) geosteering, (b) accurate seismic hole depth, (c) accurate pore pressure determinations ahead of the bit, (d) near wellbore diagnostics with a downhole receiver and wired drill pipe, and (e) reservoir model verification. Furthermore, the pressure of the sparker bubble will disintegrate rock resulting in an increased overall rates of penetration. Other applications for the SeismicPULSER{trademark} technology are to deploy a low-frequency source for greater range on a wireline for Reverse Vertical Seismic Profiling (RVSP) and Cross-Well Tomography. Commercialization of the technology is being undertaken by first contacting stakeholders to define the value proposition for rig site services utilizing SeismicPULSER{trademark} technologies. Stakeholders include national oil companies, independent oil companies, independents, service companies, and commercial investors. Service companies will introduce a new Drill Bit SWD service for deep HTHP wells. Collaboration will be encouraged between stakeholders in the form of joint industry projects to develop prototype tools and initial field trials. No barriers have been identified

  13. Research and Application of Drilling Completion Fluid Technology in AHDEB Oilfield of Iraq%伊拉克AHDEB油田钻井液完井液技术研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪世国; 盖军慧; 汪绪刚; 王治中; 李应光; 李竞

    2013-01-01

    伊拉克AHDEB油田0~1100 m井段为强水敏泥页岩,1100~1500 m存在大段石膏层、盐层及盐水层,1780~2050 m为燧石结核灰岩,地层渗透率较高;油田平面分布多个天然溶洞,溶洞内有不致密充填,溶洞及天然裂缝中存在炭化沥青,钻井过程中极易发生漏失和坍塌.通过室内研究,在现场采用聚磺混油钻井液体系及屏蔽暂堵完井液,实现了钻井液性能稳定与井眼稳定,完井液岩心渗透率恢复值达90%以上,钻井速度大幅提高,其中水平井提高了2.21倍,直井提高了2.52倍,定向井提高了2.47倍,同时钻井液成本降低了50%以上.%There was high water sensitivity mud shale in well section of 0~1100 m in Iraqi AHDEB Oilfield, large section of plaster layer,salt layer and saline aquifers in well section of 1100~1500 m,chert nodules limestone,higher formation permeability in well section of 1780~2050 m,multiple natural caves filled incom-pactly were distributed in the oilfield plane and there was charring asphalt in caves and natural fractures which collapsed and leakaged easily. Through the indoor research,using polysulfonate mix oil drilling fluid and temporary blocking completion fluid in field applications,we could keep drilling fluid properties and borehole stable and the recovery value of completion fluid core permeability could reach up to 90%, the drilling speed was greatly improved, which increased 2. 21 times in horizontal wells,2. 52 times in vertical wells and 2. 47 times in directional wells,meanwhile,the cost of drilling fluid was reduced by more than 50%.

  14. Study of drilling muds on the anti-erosion property of a fluidic amplifier in directional drilling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang-fu He

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to some drawbacks of conventional drilling methods and drilling tools, the application of hydraulic hammers with a fluidic amplifier have been extensively popularized since its emergence in recent years. However, the performance life of a fluidic amplifier is still unsatisfactory in oil and gas wells drilling, especially the heavy wear or erosion of the fluidic amplifier leads to the reduction of service life time of hydraulic hammers, which is derived from the incision of drilling muds with high speed and pressure. In order to investigate the influence of drilling muds, such as particle size, solid content and jet velocity, on the antierosion property of a fluidic amplifier, several groups of drilling muds with different performance parameters have been utilized to numerical simulation on basis of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD. Simulation results have shown that the jet nozzle of fluidic amplifiers is primarily abraded, afterwards are the lateral plates and the wedge of the fluidic amplifier, which shows extraordinary agreement with the actual cases of fluidic amplifier in drilling process. It can be concluded that particle size, solid content and jet velocity have a great influence on the anti-erosion property of a fluidic amplifier, and the erosion rate linearly varies with the particle size of drilling muds, nevertheless exponentially varies with solid content and jet velocity of drilling muds. As to improve the service life time of a fluidic amplifier, the mud purification system or low solid clay-free mud system is suggested in the operation of directional well drilling

  15. PCB Drill Path Optimization by Combinatorial Cuckoo Search Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Chen Esmonde Lim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Optimization of drill path can lead to significant reduction in machining time which directly improves productivity of manufacturing systems. In a batch production of a large number of items to be drilled such as printed circuit boards (PCB, the travel time of the drilling device is a significant portion of the overall manufacturing process. To increase PCB manufacturing productivity and to reduce production costs, a good option is to minimize the drill path route using an optimization algorithm. This paper reports a combinatorial cuckoo search algorithm for solving drill path optimization problem. The performance of the proposed algorithm is tested and verified with three case studies from the literature. The computational experience conducted in this research indicates that the proposed algorithm is capable of efficiently finding the optimal path for PCB holes drilling process.

  16. PCB drill path optimization by combinatorial cuckoo search algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Wei Chen Esmonde; Kanagaraj, G; Ponnambalam, S G

    2014-01-01

    Optimization of drill path can lead to significant reduction in machining time which directly improves productivity of manufacturing systems. In a batch production of a large number of items to be drilled such as printed circuit boards (PCB), the travel time of the drilling device is a significant portion of the overall manufacturing process. To increase PCB manufacturing productivity and to reduce production costs, a good option is to minimize the drill path route using an optimization algorithm. This paper reports a combinatorial cuckoo search algorithm for solving drill path optimization problem. The performance of the proposed algorithm is tested and verified with three case studies from the literature. The computational experience conducted in this research indicates that the proposed algorithm is capable of efficiently finding the optimal path for PCB holes drilling process.

  17. ZYW-4000 G高转速钻机研制及试验研究%Development and Experimental Research of ZYW-4000 G High-speed Drilling Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛德忠

    2016-01-01

    In order to improve the drilling efficiency in hard stratum in coal mines and solve the technical problem of borehole drilling in hard stratum, Model ZYW-4000G high-speed drilling machine was developed, which has the features of high drilling speed, large output torque, strong drilling ability and so on. This paper described the overall structure of this drilling machine and its key technologies, including the double-motor power head driving system, the hydraulic system and the adjusting system for the drilling posture. The drilling tests both in the hard stratum and coal seam indicated that this drilling machine was rational in structure and easy to operate and had a little heating. When this drilling machine is used with the relevant drilling tools to drill holes in the hard stratum and coal seam, its drilling efficiency is much higher than that of the ordinary drilling machines.%为了提高煤矿井下坚硬岩层钻孔的施工效率,解决坚硬岩层钻孔技术难题,研制出ZYW-4000 G高转速钻机,其具有切削转速高、输出转矩大、钻进能力强等特点。介绍了该钻机的整体结构特点及其双马达动力头传动系统、液压系统、钻孔姿态调节系统等关键技术。通过在坚硬岩层中的钻孔试验及顺煤层中的钻孔试验表明,该钻机结构合理、操作方便、系统发热量小。该钻机与相关钻具配合,在坚硬岩层中及在顺煤层中钻孔时,其钻孔效率远高于普通钻机。

  18. Downhole tools can increase deep drilling rig productivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiessen, D.A.; Doiron, H.H.

    1983-01-01

    Explains how there is much to be gained by better utilization of current drilling equipment, particularly for the much more expensive deep drilling. Optimized mud weight, better hydraulics, and higher rpm offer the best opportunities with increased bit weight as a fourth possibility. Current RandD in such areas as shock absorbers, downhole motors, new materials and designs for bits, and improved instrumentation will decrease drilling costs. Concludes that a reasonable projection is that drilling time for deep wells can be halved within the next decade.

  19. Field Demonstraton of Existing Microhole Coiled Tubing Rig (MCTR) Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kent Perry; Samih Batarseh; Sheriff Gowelly; Thomas Hayes

    2006-05-09

    time is divided among the remaining four functions of rig up/rig down, logging, lay down bottomhole assembly, and pick up bottomhole assembly. Observations made during all phases of CT rig operation at each of the project well installations have verified a number of characteristics of the technology that represent advantages that can produce significant savings of 25-35 percent per well. Attributes of the CT rig performance include: (1) Excellent hole quality with hole deviation amounting to 1-2 degrees; (2) Reduced need for auxiliary equipment; (3) Efficient rig mobilization requiring only four trailers; (4) Capability of ''Zero Discharge'' operation; (5) Improved safety; and, (6) Measurement while drilling capability. In addition, commercial cost data indicates that the CT rig reduces drilling costs by 25 to 35% compared to conventional drilling technology. Widespread commercial use of the Microhole Coiled Tubing technology in the United States for onshore Lower-48 drilling has the potential of achieving substantially positive impacts in terms of savings to the industry and resource expansion. Successfully commercialized Microhole CT Rig Technology is projected to achieve cumulative savings in Lower-48 onshore drilling expenditures of approximately 6.8 billion dollars by 2025.