Ibrahim, Manal Hassan Mohammed Bin
This study aimed at developing creative thinking teaching skills for female science teachers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) through designing a program based on task-based teaching approach. The problem of the study was specified as the weakness of creative thinking teaching skills for science teachers in KSA and the need for programs based on…
Al-Thani, Tamader Jassim
The purpose of this study was to investigate pre-school teachers' pedagogical practices in the context of promoting students' creative thinking skills in the classroom. A total of 80 female preschool teachers completed a 30-item, creative thinking skills questionnaire. Results showed that teachers differed significantly in using creative thinking skills according to their qualifications and in service training. Findings also indicated a significant interaction between the variables of qualifi...
Ku, Ya-Lie; Chang, Ching-Feng; Kuo, Chien-Lin; Sheu, Sheila
Nursing education is increasingly expected to cultivate nursing student creative abilities in line with general Ministry of Education promotion of greater creativity within education and the greater leeway for creativity won domestically for nurses by professional nursing organizations. Creative thinking has been named by education experts in the United States as the third most important goal of nursing education. However, nursing students in Taiwan have been shown to test lower in terms of creativity than students enrolled in business management. Leaders in nursing education should consider methods by which to improve the creative thinking capabilities of nursing students. Articles in the literature indicate that courses in creative studies are concentrated in the field of education, with few designed specifically for nursing. The teaching of constructing creative thinking is particularly weak in the nursing field. The purpose of this article was to review literature on education and nursing in order to explore current definitions, teaching strategies, and evaluation approaches related to creativity, and to develop a foundation for teaching creativity in nursing. The authors hope that an appropriate creative thinking course for nursing students may be constructed by referencing guidance provided in this in order to further cultivate creative thinking abilities in nursing students that will facilitate their application of creative thinking in their future clinical practicum.
李鑫; 卢其明; 陈明洁; 刘海峰
从创新欲望、发散思维、批判性思维及想象能力四个方面对化工原理教学过程创造性思维的培养进行了详细的分析与说明。%Four diathesises innovative desire, divergent thinking, critical thinking and the ability to imagine, were proposed which can effectively improve the creative thinking skills of high school students in the teaching of Principles of Chemical Engineering, And the above four aspects were further analyzed and described detailedly with specific examples.
de Bono, Edward
Offers information on and examples of the Cognitive Research Trust (CoRT) Thinking Program, internationally the most widely used program for the teaching of thinking as part of the school curriculum. Describes various CoRT tools, including one in which students list the pluses, minuses, and interesting points about a given issue. (DMM)
Tok, Emel; Pamukkale Üniversitesi; Sevinç, Müzeyyen; Marmara Üniversitesi
The aim of this study was to test the effects of “Thinking Skills Training Program” which is based on Sternberg’s “Theory of Successful Intelligence” on preschool teacher candidates’ creative thinking.A quasi-experimental design was applied with three samples. Treatment group (n=34), Comparison I (n=34) and Comparison II group (n=33). Data were collected by Torrance Creative Thinking Test (TCTT). According to the results derived from the treatment group, the total scores obtained from the pre...
Examines creative thinking in relation to modern instructional programs and information literacy and compares creative and critical thinking. Discusses teaching for thinking, techniques for sparking creativity, activities for creating a mental museum, synectics (a group creative process to create new insights), and creating meaning through story…
Tandiseru, Selvi Rajuaty
The problem in this research is the lack of creative thinking skills of students. One of the learning models that is expected to enhance student's creative thinking skill is the local culture-based mathematical heuristic-KR learning model (LC-BMHLM). Heuristic-KR is a learning model which was introduced by Krulik and Rudnick (1995) that is the…
Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to build creative thinking skills and creative attitude of students through a model of problem-based lectures Environmental Chemistry (PBL Green Chemistry visionary. Mixed methods research design experimental models embedded with pretest-posttest control group were used in this study, and the differences between assumed initial end-tests as the effects of the treatment. Creative thinking skills measured by the essay tests, non test while the creative attitude is measured from the completed questionnaires consisting of positive and negative statements of markers creative attitude. Data measurement N-gain of creative thinking skills for the control and experimental group were 0.40 and 0.71, while the creative attitude were 0.08 and 0.34. Improved tests of creative thinking skills or creative attitudes were analyzed by t-test. Implementation of research findings indicate environmental chemistry lecture- problems based Green Chemistry vision can improve thinking skills and of creative student.
Wahyu, Wawan; Kurnia, Eli, Rohaeni Nur
The aim of this study is to obtain information about the using Problem-based Learning (PBL) to improve students' creative thinking skills on water purification. The research adopted quasi-experimental method with one group pre-test-post-test design, involving 31students of class XI in one SMK in Cimahi as the subjects of study. The students were divided into three groups categories: high, medium, and low based on the average grades of daily tests. The used instruments in this study were essay, observation sheet, questionnaire (Likert scale), and interview sheet Aspects of creative thinking skills are developed including: fluency, flexibility, originality, detailing (elaborative), and judging (evaluative). To identify the improvement of students' creative thinking skills on water purification, "normalized gain" or of the pre-test and post-test scores was calculated. The results showed that PBL can enhance students' creative thinking skills by means high category (percentage of = 70.12%). This nformation can be used as an input to teachers in the school and teacher education programs.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study to examine effect of collaborative studies on prospective teachers‟ creative thinking skills while designing computer based materials. One group pre-test and post-test design of the pre-experimental model was used to achieve the objectives of the study. This experimental study have been applied to 34 prospective teachers who studied at Artvin Coruh University Facult of Education Primary Education Department in 2009-2010 spring term within the context of “Computer-II” course. “Creative Thinking Skill Scale” was applied at two different stages as pre-test and post-test and opinions of students were gathered about the method in research via interview forms. As a result, it was found that there was a significant difference between the prospective teachers‟ creative thinking skills and scores taken from scale were increased in favor of post-test. Collaborative group works have a great importance in occurrence of this increase was revealed from student views.
Nozari, Ali Yazdanpanah; Siamian, Hasan
Introduction: Nowadays, regarding the learners’ needs and social conditions, it is obviously needed to revise and reconsider the traditional methods and approaches in teaching. The problem solving approach is one of the new ways in Teaching and learning process. This study aimed at studying and examining the effect of “problem-solving” approach on creative thinking of high school female students. Methods: An experimental method is used for this research. In this research, 342 out of 3047 fema...
Abusaleh, Sumaya; Abdelfattah, Eman; Alabadi, Zain; Sharieh, Ahmad
This paper investigates the role of the scientific signs in the holy Quran in improving the creative thinking skills for the deaf children using multimedia. The paper investigates if the performance made by the experimental group's individuals is statistically significant compared with the performance made by the control group's individuals on Torrance Test for creative thinking (fluency, flexibility, originality and the total degree) in two cases:
Missett, Tracy C.
This dissertation is comprised of three independently conducted studies, linked by investigation into the development of thinking skills deemed necessary for the 21st Century. While educators and policy makers advocate teaching students creative and critical thinking skills to address an increasingly global and complex world, they simultaneously…
Aysun Öztuna Kaplan; Serhat Ercan
The study was derived from an action research on the use of synectics in creative thinking methods in science and technology teaching. There were three main application steps in the action research, which was designed to help students in gaining creative thinking skills. In the research, which had lasted for one teaching semester, the teacher firstly fulfilled two different applications to make the students get used to the synectics technique. First of these applications was to redefine the c...
Focuses on ways to develop student creative thinking, improvisation, and composition skills in instrumental classes. Provides suggestions, such as the importance of offering students creative opportunities, supplying examples, giving control to students, and encouraging expressive integrity. Includes a bibliography of resources for developing…
培养学生的创新思维，使学生分析问题和解决问题的能力得到不断提高，从而提高学生的创新思维，因此我们要在改革中实践，在实践中探索，在总结中提高。%Develop students ＇creative thinking, enable students to analyze continuous improvement and problem-solving skills to enhance students＇ creative thinking, so we have to practice in the reform, in practice, explore and improve in the summary.
Ku, Ya-Lie; Kuo, Chien-Lin
The purpose of this study was to develop a framework of creative thinking teaching mode for RN-BSN students on the basis of the creative process of clinical nurses in Taiwan. Purposive samples have earned creativity awards recruited from the medical, surgical, maternity, paediatric, community and psychiatric departments in Taiwan. Semi-structured…
We teach our children manners, what to do in certain emergencies, and other life basics, but most of us do not intentionally teach our children about thinking strategies and creative problem solving. Perhaps this is the case because many of us have never formalized these processes within ourselves so that we feel capable of communicating them to…
Jaquith, Diane B., Ed.; Hathaway, Nan E., Ed.
Educators at all levels want their students to develop habits of self-directed learning and critical problem-solving skills that encourage ownership and growth. In "The Learner-Directed Classroom," practicing art educators (PreK-16) offer both a comprehensive framework for understanding student-directed learning and concrete pedagogical strategies…
Huff, Patricia Lee
The classroom assignment described in this paper, "The Goal" Project, gives students an opportunity to develop four of the skills and abilities required to be a successful accountant. In 1990, the Accounting Education Change Commission issued Position Statement Number One, Objectives of Education for Accountants. Appendix B of that…
创新是一个民族发展和生存的灵魂，创新需要创新思维，创新思维是创新的源泉。在小学教学中，语文课程是基础性学科，是开展素质教育的重要阵地，如何把创新教育融入到小学语文教学中，是每一位语文教师需要探究的。如何利用小学生的心理特点把握好教育方法，培养学生的创造性思维是目前小学语文教育的核心。本文针对小学语文教学中创造性思维的激发相关话题进行分析和研究，首先介绍了创造性思维的涵义，然后提出一系列促进学生创造性思维培养的方法，希望能够有助于小学语文教学。%Innovation is the soul of a nation's development and survival, innovation requires innovative thinking, creative thinking is the source of innovation. Teaching in primary schools, language courses are basic disciplines, is an important position to carry out quality education, how innovative education into primary language teaching, language teachers are needed every inquiry. How to use a good grasp of the psychological characteristics of students teaching methods, students of creative thinking is the core of the current primary language education. In this paper, the primary language for teaching stimulate creative thinking and analysis related topics pilot study, first introduced the meaning of creative thinking, and then propose a series of methods to promote the cultivation of students' creative thinking, hoping to help primary school language teaching.
Judith Jiménez Díaz
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate how students (mean= 6.08±0.5 years benefit from a physical education program in motor performance, creative thinking and academic achievement. Students (n = 39 were randomly assigned to comparison group (6 boys and 7 girls who received the regular preschool program (which includes 1 session of 30 minutes per week; intervention group 1 (6 boys and 7 girls who received the regular preschool program plus 1 session of 30 minutes per week of the intervention program; or intervention group 2 (6 boys and 7 girls, who received the regular preschool program plus 1 session of 60 minutes per week of the intervention program; during 8 weeks. All participants performed the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2 and the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT before and after the study. The academic achievement score was given by the school. The ANOVA (Group x Gender x Time pre and post analysis revealed a significant triple interaction in the object control. Significant double interactions in the locomotor subscale and in the gross motor quotient were also found. After the post-hoc analysis, the results suggest that the physical education program benefits the gross motor performance and did not have an effect on the creative thinking or on the academic achievement.
Webster, Peter R.
Identifies four characteristics of the creative endeavor: (1) musical imagination; (2) model of the creative process; (3) measures of creative aptitude; and (4) the observation of creative behavior. Examines the role of technology in creativity, and contends that creative thinking can be measured. Includes suggested readings. (RW)
In computer teaching, teachers should be to cultivate the students’ thinking ability is the most important task, let students use similar association, divergent thinking, convergent thinking, instead of thinking, multipath thinking of cultivating the creative thinking.%在计算机教学中，教师应以培养学生思维能力为首要任务，让学生用相似联想、求异思维、求同思维、替代思维、多路思维培养创造性思维。
袁德正; 施俊; 江波
通过数学教学方法与创造思维方法类比，揭示数学教学中的创造思维方法，拓展数学教学与研究的思维方法，培养学生的创造思维方法和能力，发挥数学课程培养创新人才的作用。%The creative thinking methods in mathematics teaching are analyzed in present paper. By comparing the mathematics teaching methods and creative thinking methods,the thinking methods in mathematics teach-ing and studying are developed. Meantime,how to cultivate students′creative thinking abilities and innovative talents is also discussed.
Design Sketch teaching is a basic course for design, to train students' capabilities of shape space and imaginary space, also train students how to observe, understand, and show images, open ideas, develop creative thinking ability, and ultimately achieve the thinking and skills of creative performance of new forms of design.%设计素描的教学是为设计服务的基础课,是培养学生形态空间及想象空间能力,也是训练学生怎样观察、认识、理解、表现物象,打开思路,培养创造性思维能力,最终达到创造性表现新形态的设计能力的思维、技能.
Huang, Yu-Hsien; Lin, Mei-Feng; Ho, Hsueh-Jen; Chang, Lu-Na; Chen, Shiue
Lack of knowledge and experience is prevalent in undergraduate students who are taking their clinical practicum for mental-health nursing. This issue negatively affects the learning process. This article shares an experience of implementing a practicum-teaching program. This program was developed by the authors to facilitate the cooperative learning and clinical care competence of students. A series of multidimensional teaching activities was designed by integrating the strategies of peer cooperation and creative thinking to promote group and individual learning. Results indicate that the program successfully encouraged the students to participate more actively in the learning process. Additionally, the students demonstrated increased competence in empathetic caring toward patients, stronger friendship relationships with peers, and improved self-growth. The authors hope this teaching program provides a framework to increase the benefits for students of participating in clinical practicums and provides a teaching reference for clinical instructors.
Huang, Yu-Hsien; Lin, Mei-Feng; Ho, Hsueh-Jen; Chang, Lu-Na; Chen, Shiue
Lack of knowledge and experience is prevalent in undergraduate students who are taking their clinical practicum for mental-health nursing. This issue negatively affects the learning process. This article shares an experience of implementing a practicum-teaching program. This program was developed by the authors to facilitate the cooperative learning and clinical care competence of students. A series of multidimensional teaching activities was designed by integrating the strategies of peer cooperation and creative thinking to promote group and individual learning. Results indicate that the program successfully encouraged the students to participate more actively in the learning process. Additionally, the students demonstrated increased competence in empathetic caring toward patients, stronger friendship relationships with peers, and improved self-growth. The authors hope this teaching program provides a framework to increase the benefits for students of participating in clinical practicums and provides a teaching reference for clinical instructors. PMID:25854950
For the sake of orientation under the new course background of classroom reform in education, carry out the student’s corpus position at the same time,train the student’s“frontier spirit and self-educated ability”further,the teacher will establish various problem to expand the student’s thinking ability in the teaching activity and foster the student’s creative thinking.%为了适应新课程背景下的课堂教学改革，落实学生的主体地位，进一步培养学生的“创新精神和自学能力”，教师就要在教学活动中，创设各种问题来开拓学生的思维能力，从而培养学生的创新思维。
在课堂教学中培养学生的创新思维，要求教师首先要树立现代教育观念，进行教学改革，实施创新性教学，以培养学生的创新意识、创新思维的品质特征为目标，从而培养学生的创新思维。%The cultivation of students’ creative thinking in classroom teaching,teachers should first establish the concept of modern education;teachers teaching reform,the implementation of innovative teaching,to cultivate students’ innovation consciousness,quality features of creative thinking as the goal,to cultivate students’ innovative thinking.
English writing is a process of creative thinking and a reflection of student’s thinking quality. Creative thinking contributes to high-level compositions;in the same way, creative writing helps the develop⁃ment of students’creative thinking. Creative thinking in English writing can be seen in a composition’s theme, content, organization and language use. Giving interactive classroom teaching, opening up second class writing activities, and carrying out online writng instructions and assessment can develop students’creative thinking, and improve the thinking quality and ability of English majors of normal universities.%英语写作是一个创造性思维过程，是学生思维素质的综合体现。创新思维有助于学生写出高质量的英语文章，同样，创新写作实践也有利于学生创新思维素质的开发。英语写作中的创新思维体现在作文的主题表达、选材内容、篇章组织方法、语言运用等各个方面。英语教学可通过开展多维互动的写作教学活动、开设英语写作第二课堂和实行网上写作指导及评估等，开发学生的创新思维，促进英语专业师范生思维素质的提升和创新思维能力的培养。
Demir Kaçan, Sibel
This study was conducted with the participation of 33 pre-service teachers attending the department science teaching of a Turkish university. Participants self-reported using the "Self-assessment of creativity scale" and were asked to choose the most appropriate answer to the five-choice self-assessment question "Which category best…
服装设计区别于其它学科,精髓在于反复融会贯通的实践艺术,其生命力在于服装设计理念的创新。那么,简单地说,相应的服装设计教育就是以创新服装设计理念为核心的教育竞争。创新理念是一种意识,依赖于一种前所未有的、超束缚、突破传统的思维模式。服装设计教学如何培养学生的创新思维,已成为服装设计教学需要认真研究、探讨与解决的关键课题。%Costume design is different from other disciplines,the essence of repeated mastery of the practice of art,its vitality is the innovation of the apparel design.So,simply put,a clothing design education with innovative fashion design concept as the core educational competition.The innovative concept is a sense,depends on an unprecedented,ultra bondage,to break through the traditional mode of thinking.Fashion design teaching how to develop students＇ creative thinking,has become the key issue fashion design teaching requires careful research,investigate and resolve.
Watercolor creation to be innovated and breakthrough on content, reaching a certain significance level, teachers of Fine Arts in addition to the correct understanding and teaching of watercolor language, still need to strengthen the training of students' creative thinking. Only in this way, students can create compliance watercolor character pattern, and has all the common features of the excellent works of painting.% 水彩画的创作要在内容上有所突破和创新，达到一定意义的境界，美术教师除了需要正确认识及讲授水彩画的表现语言以外，还需要对学生加强创造性思维的培养。惟其如此，学生才能创作出既遵从水彩的个性规律，又具有所有绘画共性特征的优秀作品。
钢琴演奏是对音乐作品的再创造,演奏者的创造性思维直接影响作为二度创作的演奏.在高师钢琴教学中,开发学生的创造性思维,既能培养学生对音乐的感受、理解和表现能力,也是成功演奏的重要前提.教师可以通过激发学生积极的情感体验和培养学生的想象力来培养学生的创造性思维.%Piano performance is the re-creation for music works. The creative thinking of performers has a direct impact on the second creation of music works. In the process of piano teaching in normal colleges, the development of creative thinking can not only train students' ability in sense, understanding, and performance, but offer the important prerequisite for successful performance. Teachers can cultivate the creative thinking of students by motivating their positive emotional experience and developing their imagination.
Infusing creative thinking competence through the design process of authentic projects requires not only changing the teaching methods and learning environment, but also adopting new assessment methods, such as portfolio assessment. The participants in this study were 128 high school pupils who have studied MECHATRONICS from 10th to 12th grades…
本文针对电气工程学科电机领域新技术的发展以及新时期下培养创新型人才的教学目标，提出了一种电机领域新技术研讨课程创造性思维教学方案。该方案在总结电机领域五个重要研究方向发展历程和趋势的前提下，归纳出其内在的创新思维本质，通过揭示研究方向与创造性思维的内在逻辑关系，同时提高学生的专业知识水平和创新思维能力。%In order to meet the development of new technology in electrical engineering and the new era teaching target to cultivate innovative talents,this paper puts forward the creative thinking teaching strategy for the electrical engineering new technology course,in which the development history and the future trend of the five important research aspects for the electrical engineering are summed up,and its inner innovation thinking approach is presen-ted. Further,this strategy improves the professional knowledge level and the creative thinking ability of the students by establishing the intrinsic logic relation between the research direction and the creative thinking modes.
Full Text Available The concept of homology is the most solid theoretical basis elaborated by the morphological thinking during its history. The enucleation of some general criteria for the interpretation of homology is today a fundamental tool for life sciences, and for restoring their own opening to the question of qualitative innovation that arose so powerfully in the original Darwinian project. The aim of this paper is to verify the possible uses of the concept of compositional homology in order to provide of an adequate understanding of the dynamics of creative thinking.
That how to foster creative thinking ability of undergraduates is a forever topic in light ofthe requirements of the times and social development. From the angle of thinking training in college Chinese teaching practice, this paper discusses how to develop students＂ ability of creative thinking from five perspectives： cultivation of independent thinking habit, the collective discussion method, contrast and contact method, imagination and association, improvement of logic thinking ability, so as to make college Chinese teaching more effective.%时代的发展要求大学生必须具备较高的创造性思维能力。以大学语文教学实践中的思维训练为基础。从独立思维习惯养成、集体讨论法、对比和联系法、想象和联想、逻辑思维能力提升等5个方面来探讨学生创造性思维能力的培养，从而促使大学语文教学取得更好实效。
Diana Valerievna Zhuina
Full Text Available Purpose of conduct theoretical and methodological analysis of the problem of creative thinking subjects of the educational environment; generalization of the results of an empirical study of creative thinking of students of pedagogical high school; formulation of conclusions and recommendations based on the results of empirical research.Methodology of work in the article used the following me-thods of psycho-pedagogical studies: theoretical analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature on research; empirical methods, «Torrance Test of creativity»; quantitative method of data processing (percent.Results for Beginning Students (1st and 2nd pedagogical university have a level of creativity lower than normal. Du-ring training, under the influence of modern psychological and pedagogical technologies, through participation in research and training activities of a creative nature (competitions, contests and so on. Level of creativity senior students increases. However, you need a specially organized system of work aimed at improving the efficiency of the learning process at the university, to develop the necessary professional competencies of students (including the development of creative thinking, contributing to the formation of highly qualified professionals in demand in the labor market.Practical implications of the study results have both theoretical and practical focus is to enhance the knowledge about the features of creative thinking of students about the factors and conditions of development of creative thinking techniques in the teaching process at the university. In addition, the results of empirical research, you can use a high school teacher, se-condary vocational institutions in order to organize educatio-nal activities aimed at improving the creative (creative thin-king subjects of education.
Chang, Yulin; Li, Bei-Di; Chen, Hsueh-Chih; Chiu, Fa-Chung
The relationship lying between critical thinking and creative thinking is opposite or complementary, results of previous relevant researches have not yet concluded. However, most of researches put the effort to compare the respective effect of the thinking methods, either the teaching of creative thinking or that of critical thinking. Less of them…
This paper explored the meaning and characteristics of mathematical creative thinking, expounded on the idea that advanced mathematics itself contains a wealth of mathematical innovative thinking. The idea was put into practice in the cources of derivative concept and the fundamental theorem of calculus so as to realize our goal.%探究了数学创新思维的含义与特征，阐述了高等数学内容本身蕴含了丰富的数学创新思维，以导数概念与微积分基本定理的教学为例，实践了数学创新思维的过程，达到了对学生进行数学创新思维能力培养的目的。
Knowledge is related to a definite process of thinking. Gaining knowledge is the process of thinking expanding with some “fractions” of thinking being joined and constructed, while the structure of thinking is being regularized. The structure of knowledge would be divided into “proportional structure”and “organized structure”. Creative thinking rising is depended on the function of “organized structure” of knowledge. If knowledge is organized more well, creative thinking will be gained more easy. And then, In the course of teaching, emphasizing on the process of thinking in knowledge to improve student's knowledge structure is available for training their ability of creative thinking.%知识是与具体的思维过程相联系的。知识的获得本质上是思维过程的延伸和扩展。这种延伸和扩展既是思维过程的“片段”不断组接和构建的过程，同时也是知识结构化和调整的过程。知识结构应区分为“组成比例结构”和“组织性结构”两种形态，创造性思维是知识的“组织性结构”活性的一种功能表现，本质上仍然是思维的延伸和扩展，但主要以横向知识的沟通为特征，横向知识之间的联系越充分就越有利于创造性思维的激发。基于此，在教学中，对知识背后的思维过程予以强调以完善学生的知识结构将有利于培养学生的创新思维能力。
高职计算机教学是高职教学不可分割的一个部分，在人才市场要求越来越高的今天，必须要进行学生创新思维能力的培养，而当今的计算机教学中存在着了教学内容和理念的落后、教学方法和手段的落后、格局观没有打开的问题，而在高职计算机教学中培养学生创新思维能力的特点主要体现在教育理念的转变、教育地位的转变、考核方式的转变和教学氛围的转变这样四个方面。%In computer teaching is an integral part of higher vocational education, in the increasingly high demand for the talent market of today, we must cultivate students' creative thinking ability, computer teaching exists many problems: teaching content and idea lag behind, teaching method and method lag behind, the pattern concept is not open, and in computer teaching in higher vocational education, training the innovative thinking ability of the students is mainly reflected in four aspects:changing the idea of education, educational status, assessment methods and teaching atmosphere.
风景园林规划设计课程的教育中,应当避免单纯以教授学生职业技能为主要目的,而应激发学生的创造力.创造性思维能力是设计创造力的核心,设计水平的提高必须从创造性思维培养人手,从而培养学生的创新意识和创造能力.因此,创造性思维的培养是设计教育教学改革的重点方向.而如何找准创造性思维堵养的切入点,如何发现并解决教学中阻碍创造性思维的因素,如何有效地加强创造性思维的培养是奉文探讨的重点.%In education of landscape planning and design courses, only teaching the professional skill as the purpose should be avoided and the creative ability of students should be stimulated, and creative thinking is the core of design. In order to improve design level, the exercise of creative thinking ability must be reinforced, thus to cultivate the innovation consciousness and creative ability. It is the main direction in educational reform to cultivate the creative thinking. How to find the cutting point of cultivating creative thinking, how to find and solve the elements that block the creative thinking, and how to emphasize cultivating the creative thinking effectively are the main purpose of this article.
Aysun Öztuna Kaplan
Full Text Available The study was derived from an action research on the use of synectics in creative thinking methods in science and technology teaching. There were three main application steps in the action research, which was designed to help students in gaining creative thinking skills. In the research, which had lasted for one teaching semester, the teacher firstly fulfilled two different applications to make the students get used to the synectics technique. First of these applications was to redefine the concept of creativity. This was followed by the activity of designing a dynamometer. In the third stage, these students were asked to develop a creative project in three or four-person groups in one semester. The researcher continued synectics activities with the project group one by one in the same period. In the redefinition of the concept of creativity, which was the first stage of the action research, synectics methods were used. The research was made along the moment and action unit, which is the second unit of 7th grade science and technology class, in 2009-2010 teaching year. The population of the research was composed of 43 seventh graders in a public school in Istanbul. In the research, in which the students define the concept of creativity, “making the strange familiar” method (Hummell, 2004, which is one of the two basic implementations and is composed of six stages, was used. The students reached their own definitions of creativity at the end of this process, which started with building direct analogies and ended with creating original end-products. It was seen that the students began to see creativity in a different way and to perceive it as a process at the end of the synectics applications, rather than just an activity aiming at creation of an original product.
The cultivation of innovative thinking is mainly based on the application of diversified methods and teaching strategy ,this can guide students to study independently,solve mathematical problems by full playing their own subjective initiative to .Application of innovative thinking method can help students to break the traditional thinking pattern and trap,so as to guide students to master new learning methods and form a good habit of independent learning.This article will be on how to effectively cultivate high school students mathematics creative thinking , talk about their own views and understanding, for your reference.%创新思维的培养主要是基于多元化方法和教学策略的应用，引导学生自主学习，通过充分发挥自己的主观能动性来解决具体的数学问题。创新思维方法的应用，可以帮助学生打破传统的思维的定式、窠臼，从而引导学生掌握新的学习方法，养成良好的自主学习习惯。将对如何有效培养高中生数学创新思维，谈一下观点和认识，以供参考。
Sener, Nilay; Türk, Cumhur; Tas, Erol
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a science education project implemented in different learning environments on secondary school students' creative thinking skills and their attitudes to science lesson. Within this scope, a total of 50 students who participated in the nature education project in Samsun City in 2014 make up the…
Ausherman, Judith A.; Ubbes, Valerie A.; Kowalski, Jacqueline
This strategy is to provide health education teacher candidates with critical and creative thinking tools to explore gardening as a vehicle to integrate health education content with other subjects. According to the Competency-Based Framework for the Health Education Specialist (2010a), entry-level health educators should have skills and…
Art is a kind of creation, is the divergent thinking and the creation of beauty. Human creativity is unlimited, people's thinking is broad and endless. The piano education, students' creative thinking ability is the key. The piano as a beautiful music art, to purify the mind, edify sentiment, to enable students to be creative thinking by playing the piano and express. Therefore, as a piano educator, not only teach the students' basic skills of piano playing, but also a key to a new soul, by piano education to cultivate students creative thinking ability. This paper mainly discusses the specific countermeasures to cultivate the ability of creative thinking in piano education.% 艺术是一种造物，是人们发散思维而进行的美的创造。人的创造能力是无限的，人的思维更是宽广而没有止境的。对于钢琴教育来说，学生的创造性思维能力非常关键。钢琴作为一种美好的音乐艺术，能够净化心灵，熏陶情感，使学生将创造性思维通过钢琴的演奏而表现出来。因此，作为钢琴教育工作者，不能仅仅教会学生钢琴演奏的基本技能，还要赋予每一个琴键以全新的灵魂，通过钢琴教育来有效培养学生的创造性思维能力。本文主要论述了钢琴教育中创新思维能力培养的具体对策。
This article provides 20 principles to enable educators to identify meaningful creative activities for gifted students and avoid the superfluous "whistles". Activities should: value creative thinking, make children more sensitive to environmental stimuli, encourage manipulation of objects and ideas, develop tolerance for new ideas, and teach how…
Reading skills are very important part in language teaching and learning. This paper is written after attending lectures given by an Australian teacher named Rod Ellis focusing on how to teach reading skills using authentic materials.
Full Text Available This study attempts to assess and compare the residential and non-residential schoolchildren in information-processing skills and creative thinking abilities. A sample of 80 children from Classes 5 and 7 were selected from two types of schools, residential/ashram (02 and non-residential/formal schools (02 in Bolpur subdivision of West Bengal in India where the medium of instruction is Bengali language/mother-tongue. All the children were individually administered the PASS (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, Successive, Stroop, Matching Familiar Figure Test (MFFT-20, and creative thinking tasks. The residential school children were found to perform better both in information processing and creative thinking tasks. The developmental trend could not be clearly observed due to small sample size, but with increasing age, children were using better processing strategies. Due to ashram environment, creative pedagogy, and various co-curricular activities, the residential school children were found to be more creative than their formal school counterparts. Moreover, some significant positive correlations were found among information processing skills and creative thinking dimensions.
Balasundaram Nimalathasan; Assoc. Prof. Ph.D Brabete Valeriu
The paper is attempted to focus on association between critical, creative thinking and problem solving in accounting researches. The professional accountant must possess thinking skills (i.e., inquisitiveness; open-mindedness; patience, thoroughness, and perseverance) to operate in an increasingly complex environment. These skills assist accountants in problem solving and decision making in general, and in professional research activities in particular. The present study is based on the secon...
马珂; 白晨; 李文芳
视觉传达设计是一门使用创意思维进行信息传递的专业，通过对视觉传达设计专业的学生创意思维的培养，促使学生积累个人经验，提高对事物的理解和观察力，运用创造性的思维方法进行视觉表达，在教师与学生的互动交流过程中产生创意作品。%Visual communication design is a major of the trans-mission of information by using creative thinking. The cultivation of visual communication design students' creative thinking, can prompt them to accumulate personal experience and develop the understanding and observation of things, so that they will use creative thinking to carry out visual communication and creative works will be produced in the interaction between teachers and students.
Jeon, Kijeong; Cotner, Teresa L.
Art and art education are open to broader definitions in the twenty-first century. It is time that teachers seriously think about including built environment design in K-12 art education. The term "built environment" includes interior design, architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning. Due to increased exposure to built environment…
Nowadays,with the development of science and technology,the society has the big demand for talent.So the creative thinking becomes an important role in teaching.It is not only let teacher to teach students basic knowledge,but also to nurture students’ creative thinking.%随着当今科学技术的发展，对人才的需求要求教师在教学中不但要教给学生基础的知识，还要培养学生的创造性思维。
knowledge and skills in teamwork, leadership, and communications are highly required. Thus, the practice of interpersonal skills need to be implemented in engineering teaching, not only in terms of learning objectives, but realised in practical teaching activities and as an integrated part...
van de Grift, W.; van der Wal, M.; Torenbeek, M.
Teaching skills are observed in samples of primary schools in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Slowakia, Croatia and Scotland. A sequential level of difficulty in teaching skills has been observed. Activities in the domains 'ensuring a safe and stimulating environment' and 'efficient lesson organi
Hoa, H.; Lам, P.
Teachers’ pedagogical activities are constituted by many skills such as teaching skills, education skills, and skills of performing varied pedagogical ac- tivities. Each skill is formed from a variety of specifi c skills. Approaching teachers’ teaching skills based on pedagogical operation base can help us establish methods and develop skills for teachers. By doing so, we can assist teachers to enhance their teaching competence contributing to teaching quality improvement in schools
Qu Qiubai is a Marxist, proletarian revolutionist, great thinker and theorist who was never afraid of conducting cre-ative thinking. It is creative thinking that have helped Qu Qiubai to accurately feel the pulse of the times, to timely respond to the requirement of the times and to scientifically answer the realist question raised by times in carrying out the China ’s revolu-tionary theory into practice. In a word, creative thinking gave full demonstration to Qu Qiu bai ’s time value by following the general trend and requirements of history and keeping up with the times.
Animation is a creative practice, Introduction to Art as an animation professional basic theory required course, plays an important role for the culture of the creative thinking of the animation students.%动画创作是一种创造性的实践活动,艺术概论作为一门动画专业基础理论必修课,对于培养动画大学生的创造性思维有着重要的作用。
As a junior high school physical education workers,we should take various effective means, stimulate the students’ independent thinking and innovation consciousness, promote the development of students’ creative thinking, for conveying talents with creative ability for the society.%作为一名初中物理教育工作者，应通过采取各种有效手段，激发学生独立思考和创新意识，促进学生创造性思维的发展，争取为社会输送出具有创新能力的优秀人才。
Full Text Available The aim of this work is to analyze the influence of study field, expertise and recreational activities participation in Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT, 1974 performance. Several hypotheses were postulated to explore the possible effects of previous knowledge in TTCT verbal and TTCT figural university students’ outcomes. Participants in this study included 418 students from five study fields: Psychology;Philosophy and Literature, Music; Engineering; and Journalism and Advertising (Communication Sciences. Results found in this research seem to indicate that there in none influence of the study field, expertise and recreational activities participation in neither of the TTCT tests. Instead, the findings seem to suggest some kind of interaction between certain skills needed to succeed in specific studies fields and performance on creativity tests, such as the TTCT. These results imply that TTCT is a useful and valid instrument to measure creativity and that some cognitive process involved in innovative thinking can be promoted using different intervention programs in schools and universities regardless the students study field.
Akdal, Deniz; Sahin, Ayfer
Problem Statement: The aim of the first five years of primary school is to teach and help the students develop basic skills as stated in the Primary School Language Program and Guide. Creative thinking and intertextual reading are among these skills, and it is important to give these to the students during language courses. Purpose of Study: The…
@@ Many ELT practitioners believe that listening is one of the most important skills that can be developed. The argument is that if students can develop their listening skills they can begin to learn themselves, they can become autonomous and learn in the way many native speakers learn their first language through hearing. When I teach listening in the class I think there are six main considerations that underpin my approach.
Baker, William H.; Thompson, Michael P.
Effective teaching of presentation skills focuses on the most important element of the presentation--the message itself. Some instructors place the heaviest emphasis on the messenger (the presenter) and focus their presentation feedback on all the presenter is doing wrong--saying "um," gesturing awkwardly, and so forth. When students receive this…
Andersson, Niclas; Andersson, Pernille Hammar
is to discuss how to facilitate the teaching of professional skills in engineering education in parallel with the technical disciplines. The objective is to test and evaluate extensive role play simulation in which the students interact with professional engineers in a realistic, industrial context...... and the professional engineers act as a prime mover for the students to perform their best, which in turn strengthens the learning of the technical content. The study concludes that role play with participation of representatives from the industry can facilitate the teaching of professional skills in engineering......Engineering education aims at providing students with sufficient disciplinary knowledge of science and engineering principles in order for them to become successful engineers. However, to fulfil their roles as professional engineers, students also need to develop personal and interpersonal skills...
Seher ÖZCAN; Karataş, Serçin
This research was done on 41 subjects consisted of 6th year students at Mehmet Çelik Primary School in Bolu, Yeniçağa. According to ANCOVA results, pre-test values of the students from different instruction systems compared to the corrected post-test values andcreative thinking average values showed a significant difference in favor of education in which creative course activities were used. In research, two-factored ANNOVA was used for complex measurements for the research question about whe...
Nowadays improving students’ creative thinking has become more and more important in an English reading class.We can stimulate students’ creating thinking by asking and answering questions and improve students’ creating thinking by predicting,imaging or guessing.We can also develop students’ creative thinking by looking for the topic or the main idea and enrich students’ creative thinking by practicing.
Synectics is an approach to creative thinking that depends on understanding together that which is apparently different. Its main tool is analogy or metaphor. The approach, which is often used by groups, can help students develop creative responses to problem solving, to retain new information, to assist in generating writing, and to explore…
Brodin, Eva M.
Critical and creative thinking constitute important learning outcomes at doctoral level across the world. While the literature on doctoral education illuminates this matter through the lens of experienced senior researchers, the doctoral students' own perspective is missing. Based upon interviews with 14 doctoral students from four disciplines at…
Spencer, Barbara; Lehman, Carol M.
Recommends a technique designed to foster creative thinking in the business communication classroom. Describes an approach that incorporates several different communication tools, including analytical letter reports, oral presentations, and the use of computer-based technology in an ill-structured problem situation. (KEH)
Klieger, Aviva; Sherman, Guy
Creativity can be viewed from different perspectives, such as the creative thinking process, the product, the creative environment and the individual. The physics domain, which is based on experiments, research, hypotheses and thinking outside the box, can serve as an excellent grounding for creativity development. This article focuses on creative…
Yarbrough, Nükhet D.
As part of a project to translate and administer the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) to Turkish elementary and secondary students, 35 professionals were trained in a full-day workshop to learn to score the verbal TTCT. All trainees scored the same 4 sets of TTCT verbal criterion tests for fluency, flexibility, and originality by filling…
Saleh Ahmed Saif Abdulmughni
Full Text Available This study tries to investigate the contributory factors in the success and failure in teaching of the four language skills through teaching of literature because literature is critically and crucially relevant to the evolution of a literary sensibility. The basic end of literature is to read which develops reading skills and to reinterpret the dynamics of a given society. In this process the language skills are actually manifested. Literature, if we deconstruct the term involves two stages of reading; one that is the text, and second; the subsequent evaluation which entails the ability to break the text and trace the possibilities of meanings. This cannot be done without a proper perspective of the literary and linguistic mind, and the very act of interpretation amply appropriates reading skills. Literature fundamentally helps to develop the spirit of inquiry and the variety of thoughts involved in the representation of the text and; therefore, the study of literature enhances the ability to think beyond what you have been provided with and also to be equipped with a quizzical bent of mind that seeks to establish the competence to question what is read as a matter of literary text. This makes the learner naturally acquire the language from the literary context and consequently develop the language skills. Teaching of language through literature has been a tested method as literary texts are so complete with vocabulary, the terrain of thoughts, the diversity of human encounters and the complexity of experiences. In the process of deconstructing a text, one comes across umpteen shades of thoughts conceived and delivered in a compressed form. Also the decoding of the language given its symbolic structure greatly enhances the prospects of independent thinking and writing. In this way the written skills are widely developed. A text is a bundle of thoughts clad in a complicated web of linguistic sophistication, and the sophistry alone suffices to
Ellis, Maureen; Kisling, Eric; Hackworth, Robbie G.
This study identifies the soft skills community colleges teach in an office technology course and determines whether the skills taught are congruent with the soft skills employers require in today's entry-level office work. A qualitative content analysis of a community college office technology soft skills course was performed using 23 soft…
Waks, Shlomo; Merdler, Moti
Creativity in engineering design had become an economic necessity and not merely the privilege of unique individuals. The search for new, innovative and effective ideas in engineering design stands in center of daily creative performance. This search requires sensitivity to gaps of knowledge and information, and the ability to evoke numerous, different and unique ideas about engineering problems. The source of such information or knowledge can be either extrinsic-such as provided by an instructor or expert or intrinsic, which might involve transformation from one field or context to another. Furthermore, interaction with an exterior source as well as developing an inherent drive, have an impact on the motivation to perform creatively. This article, which is based on a study conducted among Israeli practical engineering students, deals with the variations in creative thinking during various stages of a design project and the relation between creative thinking and motivation factors.
The aim of this work is to analyze the influence of study field, expertise and recreational activities participation in Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT, 1974) performance. Several hypotheses were postulated to explore the possible effects of previous knowledge in TTCT verbal and TTCT figural university students’ outcomes. Participants in this study included 418 students from five study fields: Psychology;Philosophy and Literature, Music; Engineering; and Journalism and Advertisin...
The purpose of this case study is to examine the ways in which the systematic teaching of poetry reading at Greek primary school enhances children's interest in reading and helps develop their oral skills by enriching their vocabulary and creative thinking. The present poetry project was implemented at a Greek public kindergarten in Rethymno,…
Zhanar E. Sarsekeeva
Full Text Available This article is about actual problems of schoolchildren’s creative thinking development. The changes happening in our society show absolutely different requirements to the younger generation than they were before which will become not only an active component of the state, but also the leading force in its further development in the closest future. Pedagogy of ideological dogmas, reproductive training, compounding and regulation of teacher and pupils’ activity corresponded to the society of totalitarian consciousness, priority of a political and ideological orientation in full measure. Nowadays pedagogical technologies differ in the rigid organization of school life, suppression of pupils’ initiative and independence, application of requirements and coercions. The personal focused technologies which gained new development at present moment are characterized by anthropocentricity, humanistic and psychotherapeutic orientation. They are aimed at versatile, free and creative development of the child. Only such active, creative personality is capable to realize in difficult social relationship of modern society. From the carried-out analysis of psychology and pedagogical literature it is possible to note that schoolchildren’s creative thinking development is becoming the priority direction.
Tannehill, Rhonda L.
Creative thinking styles of Native American students were investigated to determine the existence of creativity as a homogeneous trait among this culture. Seventy-nine Cherokee students in grades 4 and 6, attending a small rural school in eastern Oklahoma, were administered the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking--Figural Form A. Thirty-eight…
Ransdell, Marlo Evelyn
This study examined the creative thinking of interior design graduate students in an online learning community. This study considered potential changes in creative thinking (fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration) about design research resulting from peer-led online discussions. It further studied the learner characteristics of…
小学是学习的基础阶段。随着新课标的改革，人们越来越重视培养学生的创新意识。围绕音乐教学进行研究，重点阐述激发学生音乐思维创新的措施。%Primary school is the foundation stage of learning.Along with the reform of new curriculum,people pay more and more attention to the students’ innovation consciousness.It focuses on the study of music teaching,to provides some suggestions of stimulating students’ music thinking innovation.
From the perspective of literature criticism, students＇ position is redefined in the teaching process. By studying reading skills of literature criticism, a new teaching model is proposed focusing on students＇ creative thinking, active learning and reading skills.%采用文学批评视角观照教学过程，对学生的定位进行了新的界定。从研究文学批评阅读法的特点入手，探讨教学改革新思路，同时着重就如何启发学生创造性思维进行了研究探讨。
This article is to search for some practical methods in listening, speaking, reading and writing. Using Oxford English as the text book, I tried several teaching methods to stimulate students' interest in learning English and the effect is remarkable.
Christensen, Jørgen Erik; Karhu, Markku; Christensen, Cecillia
Engineers are very much part of the ongoing globalization and they are encountering problems of cross-disciplinary nature. Team working skills respecting other peoples’ qualifications are required so therefore interpersonal skills are becoming more and more important, including communications...... skills, leadership and awareness. Consequently, educational programs for teaching engineers should work with the fact that the capability of communicating with people with different background competences is important, nevertheless the engineering education has traditionally focused on technical skills...... to the CDIO (conceive, design, implement and operate) approach in the autumn of 2008. The CDIO pedagogy encouraged to develop an interactive course in interpersonal skills, where the students have to take an active part in the exercises as well as involve themselves in the interactive communication process...
Shavelson, Richard J.
Any teaching act is the result of a decision, either conscious or unconscious. Previous research on basic teaching skills examined alternative teaching acts, such as explaining, questioning, reinforcing, without examining how teachers choose between one or another act. This paper argues that the basic teaching skill is decision making. This…
Kuan Chen Tsai
Full Text Available It is believed that identifying any strong relationships between learning styles and creative thinking within the context of the math classroom will help improve instruction by providing course delivery strategies tailored to different learning preferences and promotion of creative thinking. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to identify which (if any of the cognitive learning dimensions would be related to creative thinking in math students. The major findings of this study indicate that creative thinking, assessed by RAT, and learning preferences, evaluated by ILS, are not highly correlated. Over all, students in this study show a balanced learning preference across four dimensions. In summary, this study directs a possible path for future researchers to investigate this phenomenon.
JENSEN, James C.
[Abstract] This paper discusses what cognitive psychology has to say about the acquisition of skilled behavior and teaching a foreign language. This paper considers the automization of skills and what this means for improving students' oral production skills. Classroom strategies for incorporating skill-based theory into the classroom are also discussed.
Teaching productive skills are challenging components in English teaching.To explore proper methods to teach them,this essay will discuss a basic teaching model from the perspectives of three elements,tying to propose some advice for English teachers.
Penson, J B
Doctoral and postdoctoral students considering a career as an educator would be well served by: (1) training in effective classroom communication skills, (2) the use of existing technology in teaching, (3) developing a new course or updating an existing course, and (4) availing themselves of campus teaching resources designed enhance their teaching portfolio. Universities need to place more attention on developing the teaching skills of their doctoral and postdoctoral students. This should include teaching methods and aids, communication skills, motivation, learning theory, testing, counselling and guidance, and course design. An important dimension from a guidance stand point is the conduct of a formal peer review process for beginning faculty. PMID:20491397
Writing is an important skill that students should grasp in learning English, but the teaching and learning of writing is a difficult task. To teach freshmen with little knowledge of writing is extremely difficult. However, the skill-based syllabus is of great usefulness. It enables students to master the very basic writing skill, which helps them to keep pace with the writing requirements assigned by the textbooks, and to improve their overall writing skills so as to fulfill the requirements by the national College English Curriculum.
Modern social practice has triggered transforma-tion of thinking mode, developed creative thinking ways with distinct characteristics of the times of systematic analysis and comprehensive combination, like multi-dimensional and unidi-rectional and multidirectional combinations, fuzzy with a combi-nation of clarity, combining qualitative and quantitative analysis, three-dimensional thinking, comprehensive thinking and back-ward thinking, strategic thinking and divergent thinking. The broad application of modern creative thinking makes the tradi-tional way of thinking get the best solution to the complex prob-lems in the past.
This case study evaluated creative thinking of RN-BSN students in the course of clinical case study and practicum. Study design used quantitative and qualitative evaluations of creative thinking of RN-BSN students by triangulation method in the course of clinical case study and practicum. Sixty RN-BSN students self-perceived the changing levels of…
Riebe, Linda; Roepen, Dean; Santarelli, Bruno; Marchioro, Gary
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a case study on improvements to professional teaching practice within an undergraduate university business programme to more effectively teach an employability skill and enhance the student experience of teamwork. Design/methodology/approach: A three-phase approach to teaching teamwork was…
Junod Perron, Noelle; Sommer, Johanna; Louis-Simonet, Martine; Nendaz, Mathieu
Communication skills tend to decline with time unless they are regularly recalled and practiced. However, most medical schools still deliver clinical communication training only during pre-clinical years although the clinical environment is considered to be ideal for acquiring and teaching clinical communication. The aim of this article is to review the barriers that prevent communication skills teaching and training from occurring in clinical practice and describe strategies that may help enhance such activities. Barriers occur at several levels: students, junior doctors and clinical supervisors sometimes have negative attitudes towards communication training; structured training in communication skills is often insufficient; clinical supervisors behave as poor role models and lack effective communication and teaching skills; finally, there are organisational constraints such as lack of time, competing priorities, weak hierarchy support and lack of positive incentives for using, training or teaching good communication skills in clinical practice. Given the difficulty of assessing transfer of communication skills in practice, only few studies describe successful educational interventions. In order to optimise communication skills learning in practice, there is need to: (1.) modify the climate and structure of the working environment so that that use, training and teaching of good communication skills in clinical practice becomes valued, supported and rewarded; (2.) extend communication skills training to any field of medicine; (3.) provide regular structured trainings and tailor them to trainees' needs. Practical implications of such findings are discussed at the end of this review.
Junod Perron, Noelle; Sommer, Johanna; Louis-Simonet, Martine; Nendaz, Mathieu
Communication skills tend to decline with time unless they are regularly recalled and practiced. However, most medical schools still deliver clinical communication training only during pre-clinical years although the clinical environment is considered to be ideal for acquiring and teaching clinical communication. The aim of this article is to review the barriers that prevent communication skills teaching and training from occurring in clinical practice and describe strategies that may help enhance such activities. Barriers occur at several levels: students, junior doctors and clinical supervisors sometimes have negative attitudes towards communication training; structured training in communication skills is often insufficient; clinical supervisors behave as poor role models and lack effective communication and teaching skills; finally, there are organisational constraints such as lack of time, competing priorities, weak hierarchy support and lack of positive incentives for using, training or teaching good communication skills in clinical practice. Given the difficulty of assessing transfer of communication skills in practice, only few studies describe successful educational interventions. In order to optimise communication skills learning in practice, there is need to: (1.) modify the climate and structure of the working environment so that that use, training and teaching of good communication skills in clinical practice becomes valued, supported and rewarded; (2.) extend communication skills training to any field of medicine; (3.) provide regular structured trainings and tailor them to trainees' needs. Practical implications of such findings are discussed at the end of this review. PMID:25664624
Widiana, I. Wayan; Jampel, I. Nyoman
This classroom action research aimed to improve the students' creative thinking and achievement in learning science. It conducted through the implementation of multiple intelligences with mind mapping approach and describing the students' responses. The subjects of this research were the fifth grade students of SD 8 Tianyar Barat, Kubu, and…
Barry, Dana M.; Kanematsu, Hideyuki
Educators in the U.S. and Japan have developed an international program to promote creative thinking in science. Their program includes a science fair component. This paper (which has been presented in both the U.S. and Japan) discusses creativity and describes a science fair activity, that the authors recently carried out in Japan. The special…
The purpose of this study was to investigate methods of enhancing kindergarteners' artistic creative thinking and expressive drawing through an activity that involved appreciation of picture books. The study was conducted in a public kindergarten in southern Taiwan, with 27 children aged between 4 and 5. The researcher conducted the study in 16…
In commercial activities, graphic design needs to be effective in its visual language in order to accurately communicate its message to consumers. To achieve this, designers need creative thinking, among which diffusible thinking and retrorse thinking are of the first importance. This article analyzes the various factors and methods needed to be considered during the creative graphic design.
Sixty fourth, fifth, and sixth grade African American students (37 males and 23 females) at a public school in northeast Mississippi were administered the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking--Figural Form A (TTCT). Subjects were from 9 to 13 years old. The TTCT consists of 3 subtests: (1) picture construction (1 stimulus); (2) picture completion…
K.M. Mihov; M. Denzler; J. Förster
In the last two decades research on the neurophysiological processes of creativity has found contradicting results. Whereas most research suggests right hemisphere dominance in creative thinking, left-hemisphere dominance has also been reported. The present research is a meta-analytic review of the
This paper explores teaching oral English skills from discourse analysis, ,mainly cooperative principle and speech act theory. Different methods of discourse analysis can help English learners gain sociolinguistic and strategic competence in learning speaking English.
Hoda Rezaeian; Narges Nazari
The relationship between working experience and need for instructional skills is of major importance for the teaching and learning process. It seems teachers need to develop their teaching methods inside the class in order to activate students to learn more effectively. The researchers decided to find out if there is any relationship between working experience and need for instructional skills. The data was obtained from more than 31 randomly chosen lecturers through questionnaire from the Fa...
Full Text Available Using testing and questionnaire methods, this study investigated the relationships among openness to experience, intelligence and creative thinking. This study focused on the moderating effects of openness to experience on the relationship between intelligence and creative thinking in a sample of 831 primary school students in China. The findings showed significant positive relationships among openness to experience, intelligence and creative thinking. In relation to the focus of this study, openness to experience moderated the relationship between intelligence and creative thinking. However, the correlation between openness to experience and creative thinking was stronger for urban children than for rural children, and the moderating effect existed only in urban settings.
Shi, Baoguo; Dai, David Y; Lu, Yongli
Using testing and questionnaire methods, this study investigated the relationships among openness to experience, intelligence and creative thinking. This study focused on the moderating effects of openness to experience on the relationship between intelligence and creative thinking in a sample of 831 primary school students in China. The findings showed significant positive relationships among openness to experience, intelligence and creative thinking. In relation to the focus of this study, openness to experience moderated the relationship between intelligence and creative thinking. However, the correlation between openness to experience and creative thinking was stronger for urban children than for rural children, and the moderating effect existed only in urban settings.
This paper surveys some of the changes in teaching the four language skills in the past 15 years. It focuses on two main changes for each skill: understanding spoken language and willingness to communicate for speaking; product, process, and genre approaches and a focus on feedback for writing; extensive reading and literature for reading; and…
Danish, Steven J.; Hale, Bruce D.
Applied sport psychology can be directed toward teaching psychological skills that enhance athletic performance. This process can take place at all levels of coaching and physical education. Methods for teaching goal setting, imagery, relaxation, and self-talk are described. (PP)
Ali M. Al-Bahi; Mahmoud A. Taha; Nedim Turkmen
Engineering students are required to have, by the time of graduation, a set of professional skills related to teamwork, oral and written communications, impact of engineering solutions, life-long learning, and knowledge of contemporary issues. Teaching and assessment of these skills, as part of ABET accreditation, remains problematic. A systematic methodology to integrate these skills and their assessment in the curriculum is described. The method was recently applied in several engineering p...
Full Text Available The relationship between working experience and need for instructional skills is of major importance for the teaching and learning process. It seems teachers need to develop their teaching methods inside the class in order to activate students to learn more effectively. The researchers decided to find out if there is any relationship between working experience and need for instructional skills. The data was obtained from more than 31 randomly chosen lecturers through questionnaire from the Faculty of Educational Studies at University Putra Malaysia. From the results, it was concluded that there is no relationship between years of working experience and need for instructional skills.
创造性思维是创造力的核心.化学教育中培养学生的创造性思维能力有以下方法和途径：实验引探，创设情境，培养逻辑思维和直觉思维；训练发散思维；提高辩证批判思维能力；发展学生的创新情感和创造人格，增强社会实践能力.%The creative thinking is the kernel of creativity.To train thestudents' ability of creative thinking in the teaching of chemistry education,the following ways and methods can be adopted:increasing the degree of the experiment;creating situations; fostering the students' logical and divergent thinking; training the stud ents' divergent thinking; promoting the students' ability of dialectical and critical thinking; developing the students' creative emotions; creating the students' personality; strengthening the students' ability in social practice.
The American workplace needs a workforce competent in a trade area and proficient in communication skills, group interaction skills, computer skills, and critical thinking skills. Many may argue that it is not possible to teach a technician all these skills in just two years--hence the need for new teaching strategies. Thus, in this article, the…
Laverty, Garry; Hanna, Lezley-Anne; Haughey, Sharon; Hughes, Carmel
Objective. To create, implement, and evaluate a workshop that teaches undergraduate pharmacy students about entrepreneurship. Design. Workshops with 3 hours of contact time and 2 hours of self-study time were developed for final-year students. Faculty members and students evaluated peer assessment, peer development, communication, critical evaluation, creative thinking, problem solving, and numeracy skills, as well as topic understanding. Student evaluation of the workshops was done primarily via a self-administered, 9-item questionnaire. Assessment. One hundred thirty-four students completed the workshops. The mean score was 50.9 out of 65. Scores ranged from 45.9 to 54.1. The questionnaire had a 100% response rate. Many students agreed that workshops about entrepreneurship were a useful teaching method and that key skills were fostered. Conclusion. Workshops effectively delivered course content about entrepreneurship and helped develop relevant skills. This work suggests students value instruction on entrepreneurship. PMID:27168619
Ali M. Al-Bahi
Full Text Available Engineering students are required to have, by the time of graduation, a set of professional skills related to teamwork, oral and written communications, impact of engineering solutions, life-long learning, and knowledge of contemporary issues. Teaching and assessment of these skills, as part of ABET accreditation, remains problematic. A systematic methodology to integrate these skills and their assessment in the curriculum is described. The method was recently applied in several engineering programs and proved to be efficient in generating data and evidences for evaluation and continuous improvement of these outcomes.
Full Text Available Creativity can be defined the capacity of an individual to produce something original and useful. An important measurable component of creativity is divergent thinking. Despite existing studies on creativity-related cerebral structural basis, no study has used a large sample to investigate the relationship between individual verbal creativity and regional gray matter volumes (GMVs and white matter volumes (WMVs. In the present work, optimal voxel-based morphometry (VBM was employed to identify the structure that correlates verbal creativity (measured by the verbal form of Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking across the brain in young healthy subjects. Verbal creativity was found to be significantly positively correlated with regional GMV in the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG, which is believed to be responsible for language production and comprehension, new semantic representation, and memory retrieval, and in the right IFG, which may involve inhibitory control and attention switching. A relationship between verbal creativity and regional WMV in the left and right IFG was also observed. Overall, a highly verbal creative individual with superior verbal skills may demonstrate a greater computational efficiency in the brain areas involved in high-level cognitive processes including language production, semantic representation and cognitive control.
Lambrecht, Judith J.
A systematic approach to teaching software provides instructional precision and maximum learning support, best suited for novices. A minimalist approach focused on context and student experience enables advanced learners to examine problem-solving processes and apply concepts to real-world problems. (SK)
Glakas, Barbara A.
Through cooperative games and play, children learn to share, empathize with others' feelings, and get along better. The article makes suggestions to physical educators on how to design games to teach students cooperative behaviors and how to incorporate them into class, noting four important game-design principles. (SM)
Wang, Jianyu; Moffit, Jeff
Badminton has been identified as a lifelong activity. It is an inexpensive sport and everyone--children, seniors, and individuals with disabilities--can reach a level of enjoyment in the game after mastering basic skills and tactics. In teaching badminton, teachers need to understand how students develop game play ability from a low level to an…
This article presents an overview of recent developments in second language (L2) teaching and highlights the trends that began in the 1990s and the 2000s and are likely to continue to affect instruction in L2 skills at least in the immediate future. Also highlighted are recent developments in instruction as they pertain specifically to the…
Knight, G. William; And Others
First year dental students (n=86) in a conservative restorations course were taught a discrimination learning paradigm to improve production quality. Evaluation of Class 1 amalgam preparations indicates the improved recognition skills corresponded with improved cavity preparation, supporting the use of this teaching model. (Author/MSE)
Stokes, Theophil A; Watson, Katie L; Boss, Renee D
Counseling a family confronted with the birth of a periviable neonate is one of the most difficult tasks that a neonatologist must perform. The neonatologist's goal is to facilitate an informed, collaborative decision about whether life-sustaining therapies are in the best interest of this baby. Neonatologists are trained to provide families with a detailed account of the morbidity and mortality data they believe are necessary to facilitate a truly informed decision. Yet these complicated and intensely emotional conversations require advanced communication and counseling skills that our current fellowship-training strategies are not adequately providing. We review educational models for training neonatology fellows to provide antenatal counseling at the threshold of viability. We believe that training aimed at teaching these skills should be incorporated into the neonatal-perinatal medicine fellowship. The optimal approaches for teaching these skills remain uncertain, and there is a need for continued innovation and outcomes-based research.
Full Text Available The article analyzes views on creativity and creative thinking of the famous psychologist and psychoanalyst Lajosh Sekey (1906-1995. The key milestones of the biography of this extraordinary scientist are traced. It is shown that he began its research career as a representative of the school of Gestalt psychology the fundamental ideas of which he decidedly supported. The comparative analyses of Lajosh Sekey´s works published over different periods makes the evolution of his views evident. The author investigates Sekey´s studies on creative thinking during a creative pause which are separated by almost thirty years interval (1940 and 1968. The comparative analysis states the changes in Sekeyґs position. It is particularly important to note organic combination of ideas of Gestalt psychology both with psychoanalysis and ideas of Piaget and J. Bruner. Sekey was successful in developing a special method. It consists of the use of the traditional psychoanalytic procedures for the sake of the investigation of creative thinking and of the solving of problems that have live importance. It is worth stating that a creative pause as a separate stage of thinking never can be “simulated” in the laboratory setting. This is a stage that really differentiategenuine practical thinking from its artificial laboratory models. In our view the evolution of the Gestalt concepts of thinking follows the way of spontaneous integration. This means it demonstrates the tendency to use complex descriptions involving borrowing, close “interaction”, cooperation, and communication with other research approaches. This spontaneous integration makes a psychological conception go beyond the “framework” of the scientific school. This is inevitable because comprehension of the “psychological” given in all its entire and real complexity is ever in the conflict with the “narrow” theoretical settings. In our opinion, this is one of the ways of the development of
如何在高校教学中融入创意思维？如何用创意思维和艺术想象发现和发扬高校学生的自信和潜能？如何将创意融入教改，用创意点亮学生人生？搭建“政、产、学、研”深度合作的创意教学平台，通过创意式的开放型教学，在努力培育创意文化中，造就出一支德技双馨的“双师”队伍，培养出一大批创意创新人才，并借鉴各国先进经验，丰富创意教育人才培养模式的内涵。%How to incorporate creative thinking into college education?How to boost students ’ confidence and potentials with creative thinking and artistic imagination?How to integrate creativity into education reform and light up students ’ life with creative ideas?It ’s urgent to establish a creative teaching platform with in-depth cooperation between government, industries, academia and research institutions,and adopt a creativity-themed open teaching.Meanwhile,in order to foster a creative culture,it’s proposed to train a host of instructor-engineer teaching staff and innovative talents,and to enrich the creative talent cultivation model by advanced experiences.
B. Samrajya LAKSHMI
Full Text Available In Andhra Pradesh, India, chemical experimenting in under graduate college labs by students is neglected because most of the intermediate (10+1 and 10+2 students concentrate on writing competitive exams like EAMCET (Engineering and Medical Common Entrance Test, IIT JEE (Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Test, AIEEE (All India Engineering Entrance Examination, AFMS (Armed Forces Medical Services, AIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science. The students spend most of their time in preparing for competitive exams, practicing bits, and writing many model exams. Even Parents, staff, and management are also motivated and allow the students towards preparation for competitive exams because of the increase in number of engineering seats and demand of medical seats. Ultimately, the quality and quantity of students who join the B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science has been decreasing day by day. Even after joining the B.Sc., the students are motivated towards immediate white collared job oriented courses like M.C.A (Master of Computer Applications and M.B.A (Master Business Administration and spending their time for preparing for competitive exams for those courses. Only a few students are interested to join Post graduation in chemistry and try to learn experimental skills in chemistry laboratory. However, the motivated students towards undergraduate chemistry will be demotivated towards it due to lack of fundamentals in chemistry (in 10+2 level, which are essential for better job market. Ultimately, the students are in confusion and neglect learning the skills in doing experiments in chemistry lab. The present paper focuses on the thorough quest of one such teacher who strives for his own professional development. He has developed his own method of guiding the students for their improvement of skills in doing experiments in lab. The teacher explored solutions to his problems or problems of students by sorting out the critical incidents from his own
Despite the time, risk, frustration and frequent failures, it is the element of creativity that allows the program board to be the innovators on campus. To promote a true creative spirit, programmers need to raise students' consciousness and foster continual development, not just hold one brainstorming session. (MLW)
Huang, Peiyu; Qiu, Lihua; Shen, Lin; Zhang, Yong; Song, Zhe; Qi, Zhiguo; Gong, Qiyong; Xie, Peng
As a complex mental process, creativity requires the coordination of multiple brain regions. Previous pathological research on figural creativity has indicated that there is a mechanism by which the left side of the brain inhibits the activities of the right side of the brain during figural creative thinking, but this mechanism has not been directly demonstrated. In this study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to demonstrate the existence of this inhibitory mechanism in young adults (15 women, 11 men, mean age: 22 years) that were not artists. By making comparisons between brain activity during creative and uncreative tasks, we found increased activity in the left middle and inferior frontal lobe and strong decreases in activity in the right middle frontal lobe and the left inferior parietal lobe. As such, these data suggest that the left frontal lobe may inhibit the right hemisphere during figural creative thinking in normal people. Moreover, removal of this inhibition by practicing artistry or through specific damage to the left frontal lobe may facilitate the emergence of artistic creativity. PMID:22522783
Scheeler, Mary Catherine
A clear need to teach preservice teachers to generalize newly acquired teaching skills across time and settings has been well established in the literature. Few empirical studies exist that inform teacher educators on ways to promote generalization of teaching skills with beginning teachers, however. Programming for generalization continues to be…
Dix, Greg; Hughes, Suzanne
This article demonstrates that careful planning and management can help to ensure effective learning for pre-registration students during theory and practical skills teaching. It highlights two lesson plans with intended learning outcomes, one for a didactic teaching session and the other for a psychomotor clinical skills session. The article identifies a variety of teaching and learning strategies that could be adopted.
Latif, Rana K.; VanHorne, Edgar M.; Kandadai, Sunitha Kanchi; Bautista, Alexander F.; Neamtu, Aurel; Wadhwa, Anupama; Carter, Mary B.; Ziegler, Craig H.; Memon, Mohammed Faisal; Akça, Ozan
Background Lung isolation skills, such as correct insertion of double lumen endobronchial tube and bronchial blocker, are essential in anesthesia training; however, how to teach novices these skills is underexplored. Our aims were to determine (1) if novices can be trained to a basic proficiency level of lung isolation skills, (2) whether video-didactic and simulation-based trainings are comparable in teaching lung isolation basic skills, and (3) whether novice learners’ lung isolation skills...
Al-Zahrani, Abdulrahman M.
This study aimed to investigate the impact of the flipped classroom on the promotion of students' creative thinking. Students were recruited from the Faculty of Education at King Abdulaziz University in Saudi Arabia during the first semester of 2014. A multiple method research design was used to address the research questions. First, a two-group…
Kalis, Emils; Roke, Liga; Krumina, Indra
The Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production (TCT-DP) is designed as an effective drawing-based instrument for measuring creative potential. Many studies report adaptation efforts in other cultures pointing out good psychometric properties of the instrument nonetheless revealing also some trouble spots. The present study includes adaptation…
AlFuqaha, Isam Najib; Tobasi, Adnan
This article attempts to probe the level of creative thinking of teachers at Philadelphia University in Jordan, and to define its relation with several independent demographic variables, namely age, gender, duration of experience, specialization, and personality types and traits. To accomplish this purpose, three questionnaires are administered on…
Riga, Vassiliki; Chronopoulou, Elena
The purpose of this study was to identify certain strategies and conditions that should be used by teachers in kindergarten so as to foster creative thinking and creative behaviours to children. We used a quasi-experimental research design for 6 months in a public kindergarten in a suburban area of Greece, and we developed a creative music and…
Koutsoupidou, Theano; Hargreaves, David J.
This article reports a quasi-experimental study of the effects of improvisation on the development of children's creative thinking in music. The study was conducted in a primary school classroom with two matched groups of 6-year-old children over a period of six months. The music lessons for the experimental group were enriched with a variety of…
Assaf, Mohammad Ahmad
The purpose of this literature review was to study some of the most famous works in teaching thinking skills. Teaching thinking is an arguable issue in the UAE. Some teachers are in favour of teaching thinking skills implicitly while others support the view that students have to learn thinking skills explicitly. The study aimed at answering two…
Amalia Qistina Abdullah
Teaching listening skills is very challenging to ESL teachers. It involves active participation from both teachers and students to ensure the objectives of teaching listening skills can be achieved. Hence, this presentation provides interesting and exciting strategies to teach listening skills using selected songs. It is hoped that this would motivate ESL teachers to apply and adapt these strategies in their English language classrooms.
Amalia Qistina Abdullah
Full Text Available Teaching listening skills is very challenging to ESL teachers. It involves active participation from both teachers and students to ensure the objectives of teaching listening skills can be achieved. Hence, this presentation provides interesting and exciting strategies to teach listening skills using selected songs. It is hoped that this would motivate ESL teachers to apply and adapt these strategies in their English language classrooms.
I have been involved with teaching information skills as part of the Law Department’s 1st year Legal Method course since 2000. These sessions have developed from a set of half hour sessions offered on a drop-in basis in 2000, to the current format of four seminars of an hour each. The four seminars deal with searching the library catalogue; searching the law databases for cases and statutes; searching for journal articles; and finding and evaluating material for law on the free internet. T...
Conjunction contributes to organizing and managing stretches of discourse, indicating the way the information is arranged. Successfully identifying these discourse markers is of great benefit to the reader to extract the required information from what he/she reads, especially for the candidates who are tested for their reading abilities in a given time, for these markers give clues to the reader and make the perception easier and save a lot of time. To teach students to explore reading skills and read successfully all by themselves, language teachers had better keep in mind the significance of conjunction and get students to share and apply it.
Black, Robert Alan; Torrance, E. Paul
Briefly described are the use of three games to develop creative thinking skills at the third grade and college levels. The games are part of the "Think Links" series based on Edward De Bono's Thinking Skill Model. (DB)
Gao Jian hong
Today teaching oral communicative skills has gradually become an acknowledged approach in China. As English teachers, we should create a spoken English learning environment and encourage students to practice more. This paper advances the necessity of oral skills teaching in the classroom. While teaching, we should be aware of the cultural differences between the east and the west and find appropriate methods to engage learners in appropriate conversations. Then we can achieve the final purpose of teaching the target language.
Isman, Aytekin; Abanmy, Fahad AbdulAziz; Hussein, Hisham Barakat; Al Saadany, Mohammed Abdelrahman
The research aims to determine the effectiveness of using blended learning Approach in developing student teachers teaching skills, and defining teaching skills that confront students of teachers college at King Saud University need it. The research uses the Quasi- Experimental approach, with four experimental groups (Mathematics (21)--Science…
Beyer, Barry K.
The findings and recommendations of researchers and specialists in thinking-skill learning and teaching have important implications for classroom efforts to improve student thinking. This summary identifies various types of thinking skills and skill components recommended for classroom instruction. The author describes and cites research-derived…
Any school interested in preparing students for learning and working in 21st century academic and job settings needs this resource to explain to teachers the new skills students need and provide teachers with tools to teach and reinforce these skills. Based on the work of the Partnership for 21st Century Skills, this action tool defines what…
Vanselow, Nicholas R.; Hanley, Gregory P.
Previous research has demonstrated the efficacy of behavioral skills training (BST) and in situ training (IST) for teaching children to protect themselves. However, BST may be resource intensive and difficult to implement on a large scale. We evaluated a computerized version of BST (CBST) to teach safety skills and determined the extent to which…
Choeda, Choeda; Kinley, Kinley
‘Teaching Skills’ and ‘Teaching Strategies’ are two core (professional) modules offered at the two colleges of education in Bhutan to develop pedagogical knowledge and skills of student teachers. However, a tracer study (in press) done by Samtse College of Education [SCE] revealed teacher graduates......’ (1) confusion over the two concepts, ‘teaching skill’ and ‘teaching strategy’ and (2) the lack of confidence in integrating the two in their daily teaching activities. Therefore, this study was carried out to find out the graduates’ understanding of the concepts and implementation of ‘Teaching Skills......’ and ‘Teaching Strategies’ in the classroom. Further, it was aimed to find lapses, inappropriateness and irrelevancies in the two professional modules in which pedagogical concepts and skills were taught. Survey questionnaire, interview and participant observation were used to gather data to find out the use...
Χρονοπούλου, Έλενα; Ρήγα, Βασιλική
As interest in creativity is rising, kindergarten teachers are looking for ways to strengthen the creative po-tential of young children. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of music and movement ac-tivities to creative thinking in preschool children. A three month educational programme was designed and implemented, using an experimental research method. The effect on fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration of thought of 5-year-old children, as well as how the program...
Wells, Ruth Herman
This document is one of eight in a series of guides designed to help teach and counsel troubled youth. It presents 20 lessons designed to teach the coping skills necessary to control one's temper. The first lesson teaches students the meaning of aggressive behavior; this lesson and several others throughout the guide focus on helping aggressive…
Full Text Available Creativity is primarily investigated within the neuroscientific perspective as a unitary construct. While such an approach is beneficial when trying to infer the general picture regarding creativity and brain function, it is insufficient if the objective is to uncover the information processing brain mechanisms by which creativity occurs. As creative thinking emerges through the dynamic interplay between several cognitive processes, assessing the neural correlates of these operations would enable the development and characterization of an information processing framework from which to better understand this complex ability. This article focuses on two aspects of creative cognition that are central to generating original ideas. Conceptual expansion refers to the ability to widen one’s conceptual structures to include unusual or novel associations, while overcoming knowledge constraints refers to our ability to override the constraining influence imposed by salient or pertinent knowledge when trying to be creative. Neuroimaging and neuropsychological evidence is presented to illustrate how semantic processing and cognitive control networks in the brain differentially modulate these critical facets of creative cognition.
Fink, Andreas; Graif, Barbara; Neubauer, Aljoscha C
Neuroscientific research on creativity has revealed valuable insights into possible brain correlates underlying this complex mental ability domain. However, most of the studies investigated brain activity during the performance of comparatively simple (verbal) type of tasks and the majority of studies focused on samples of the normal population. In this study we investigate EEG activity in professional dancers (n=15) who have attained a high level of expertise in this domain. This group was compared with a group of novices (n=17) who have only basic experience in dancing and completed no comprehensive training in this field. The EEG was recorded during performance of two different dancing imagery tasks which differed with respect to creative demands. In the first task participants were instructed to mentally perform a dance which should be as unique and original as possible (improvisation dance). In the waltz task they were asked to imagine dancing the waltz, a standard dance which involves a sequence of monotonous steps (lower creative demands). In addition, brain activity was also measured during performance of the Alternative Uses test. We observed evidence that during the generation of alternative uses professional dancers show stronger alpha synchronization in posterior parietal brain regions than novice dancers. During improvisation dance, professional dancers exhibited more right-hemispheric alpha synchronization than the group of novices did, while during imagining dancing the waltz no significant group differences emerged. The findings complement and extend existing findings on the relationship between EEG alpha activity and creative thinking. PMID:19269335
The cultivation of students' creative thinking is the key of art design education. This paper not only discusses the importance of the concept of creative thinking and creative thinking in art design education, but also points out some problems during the cultivation of creative thinking. It points out that we must strengthen the cultivation of creative thinking for training talents who are creative in art design. The use of associative thinking, reverse thinking, divergent thinking and convergent thinking methods, strengthens the training of students' creative thinking to adapt to the rapid development and the urgent needs of the community.%培养学生的创造性思维是艺术设计教育的关键，本文论述了创造性思维的概念、创造性思维在艺术设计教育中的重要性以及创造性思维的培养问题，指出培养富有创造力的艺术设计人才必须注重加强创造性思维的培养，运用联想思维、逆向思维、发散思维和收敛思维等方法，加强对学生创造性思维的训练，以适应社会的高速发展和迫切需求。
Modi, Jyoti Nath; Anshu, -; Chhatwal, Jugesh; Gupta, Piyush; Singh, Tejinder
Good communication skills are essential for an optimal doctor-patient relationship, and also contribute to improved health outcomes. Although the need for training in communication skills is stated as a requirement in the 1997 Graduate Medical Education Regulations of the Medical Council of India, formal training in these skills has been fragmentary and non-uniform in most Indian curricula. The Vision 2015 document of the Medical Council of India reaffirms the need to include training in communication skills in the MBBS curriculum. Training in communication skills needs approaches which are different from that of teaching other clinical subjects. It is also a challenge to ensure that students not only imbibe the nuances of communication and interpersonal skills, but adhere to them throughout their careers. This article addresses the possible ways of standardizing teaching and assessment of communication skills and integrating them into the existing curriculum.
Robert W. Lingard
Full Text Available To be successful in today's workplace, engineering and computer science students must possess high levels of teamwork skills. Unfortunately, most engineering programs provide little or no specific instruction in this area. This paper outlines an assessment-driven approach toward teaching teamwork skills. Working with the Industrial Advisory Board for the College, a set of performance criteria for teamwork was developed. This set of criteria was used to build an assessment instrument to measure the extent to which students are able to achieve the necessary skills. This set of criteria provides a clear basis for the development of an approach toward teaching teamwork skills. Furthermore, the results from the assessment can be used to adjust the teaching techniques to address the particular skills where students show some weaknesses. Although this effort is in the early stages, the approach seems promising and will be improved over time.
Isabel Guzmán Ibarra
Full Text Available This article discusses some concepts of competence, to identify their common elements that can be transferred to educational practices on competition. The intention is to establish levels of consistency among the components of the concept with educational practices and competitions. On this basis, we discuss some strategies for teaching skills to identify and propose strategies and tools that focus on authentic assessment to evaluate teaching skills.
Su, Whei Ming; Juestel, Marne J
Because of the nursing faculty shortage, many academic leaders hire clinicians who are not formally prepared for an academic role. Novice faculty face an immediate need to develop teaching skills. One of the most crucial areas is the ability to help students develop critical thinking. To address this need, the authors describe how they used clinical simulation to incorporate direct teaching of thinking skills into course content and how this resulted in a faculty mentoring experience.
Madore, Kevin P; Jing, Helen G; Schacter, Daniel L
Recent research has suggested that an episodic specificity induction-brief training in recollecting the details of a past experience-enhances divergent creative thinking on the alternate uses task (AUT) in young adults, without affecting performance on tasks thought to involve little divergent thinking; however, the generalizability of these results to other populations and tasks is unknown. In the present experiments, we examined whether the effects of an episodic specificity induction would extend to older adults and a different index of divergent thinking, the consequences task. In Experiment 1, the specificity induction significantly enhanced divergent thinking on the AUT in both young and older adults, as compared with a control induction not requiring specific episodic retrieval; performance on a task involving little divergent thinking (generating associates for common objects) did not vary as a function of induction. No overall age-related differences were observed on either task. In Experiment 2, the specificity induction significantly enhanced divergent thinking (in terms of generating consequences of novel scenarios) in young adults, relative to another control induction not requiring episodic retrieval. To examine the types of creative ideas affected by the induction, the participants in both experiments also labeled each of their divergent-thinking responses as an "old idea" from memory or a "new idea" from imagination. New, and to some extent old, ideas were significantly boosted following the specificity induction relative to the control. These experiments provide novel evidence that an episodic specificity induction can boost divergent thinking in young and older adults, and indicate that episodic memory is involved in multiple divergent-thinking tasks. PMID:27001170
Senra, Michael; Fogler, H. Scott
In their collegiate studies, students are given a wide range of concepts, theories, and equations to assist them in their future endeavors. However, students have not been sufficiently exposed to practical critical thinking methodologies that will benefit them as they encounter open-ended problems. A course developed at the University of Michigan…
The author shares how she used the Synectics Model in a class she taught on Family and Communication at the undergraduate level. The model encourages students to develop new ideas using their nonrational and emotional states of mind, and is intended to increase creativity, empathy, and problem-solving capacity. (CH)
Full Text Available Using the information technologies may cause great pedagogical effect: using of computer opens the opportunity for organization of problem teaching developing the creative thinking, forming research, practical skills of students, creation of the steady positive motivation of the students. Technical facilities of the computer technology allow solving the teaching and research tasks in the chemistry come as original catalyst of creation of different types of information technology systems and projection on their basis the novel ways and methods of their application. Use of computer technology in education helps to support necessary educational level of students and pay attention to their independent work. The article represents that the computer testing can be widely used for control of knowledge and for teaching. Teaching testing arouses interest in subject and develops ability of self-preparation and self – education, provides in-door and out- door work.
This article presents the eight laws of association theory and applies four of them to strategies for teaching transferable skills to individuals with visual impairments. Strategies described include situation forecasting, generalization, sense shifting, performing skills repetitively to facilitate the transfer habit, and assigning an intensity…
Summers, Jay; Tarbox, Jonathan; Findel-Pyles, Rachel S.; Wilke, Arthur E.; Bergstrom, Ryan; Williams, W. Larry
Appropriate reactions to potentially hazardous situations may help prevent children from incurring injury or abduction. However, children with autism and other developmental disorders may not develop safety skills without explicit intervention. This study used a simple behavioral skills training package for teaching children with autism to respond…
Jung, Sunhwa; Sainato, Diane M.
Background: Play is critical for the development of young children and is an important part of their daily routine. However, children with autism often exhibit deficits in play skills and engage in stereotypic behaviour. We reviewed studies to identify effective instructional strategies for teaching play skills to young children with autism.…
Osborne, Edward W.
The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of psychomotor skill instruction in crop production provided by agricultural production teachers in Illinois and the methods used for this teaching. Responses from 79 of 100 teachers indicated that most do not have students observe or practice a procedure for skill improvement. More experienced…
This article discusses teaching higher-level thinking skills and concentration to students with disabilities through chess instruction. Guidelines for chess instruction are provided, including: teaching ideas and strategy first rather than specific lines of play, using a variety of instructional modalities, and building in reinforcement for…
Kellems, Ryan O.; Mourra, Kjerstin; Morgan, Robert L.; Riesen, Tim; Glasgow, Malinda; Huddleston, Robin
This article discusses the creation of video modeling (VM) and video prompting (VP) interventions for teaching novel multi-step tasks to individuals with disabilities. This article reviews factors to consider when selecting skills to teach, and students for whom VM/VP may be successful, as well as the difference between VM and VP and circumstances…
Moffett, Aaron; Alexander, Melissa G. F.; Dummer, Gail M.
This article discusses teaching social skills and assertiveness to students with disabilities. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) content standards for physical education emphasize teaching responsible personal and social behaviors to students of all abilities, to help them develop an understanding of and respect for…
De Bono, Edward
This study emphasizes the relationship of perception to thinking and explains direct teaching of thinking. Without clarity of seeing and creativity, perception is shown to become narrow patterning. The Cognitive Research Trust program is recommended for teaching thinking skills using transferable thinking "tools." Self-images of students are…
Maynard, Ashley E.
Examined the development of teaching skills in older siblings responsible for teaching their younger siblings to become competent members of their culture among children from a Zinacantec Maya village in Chiapas, Mexico. Found that by age 4, children took responsibility for initiating teaching situations with their younger siblings, and by 8,…
Bansal, Aarti; Swann, Jennifer; Smithson, William Henry
The ability to work with interpreters is a core skill for UK medical graduates. At the University of Sheffield Medical School, this teaching was identified as a gap in the curriculum. Teaching was developed to use professional interpreters in role-play, based on evidence that professional interpreters improve health outcomes for patients with limited English proficiency. Other principles guiding the development of the teaching were an experiential learning format, integration to the core consultation skills curriculum, and sustainable delivery. The session was aligned with existing consultation skills teaching to retain the small-group experiential format and general practitioner (GP) tutor. Core curricular time was found through conversion of an existing consultation skills session. Language pairs of professional interpreters worked with each small group, with one playing patient and the other playing interpreter. These professional interpreters attended training in the scenarios so that they could learn to act as patient and family interpreter. GP tutors attended training sessions to help them facilitate the session. This enhanced the sustainability of the session by providing a cohort of tutors able to pass on their expertise to new staff through the existing shadowing process. Tutors felt that the involvement of professional interpreters improved student engagement. Student evaluation of the teaching suggests that the learning objectives were achieved. Faculty evaluation by GP tutors suggests that they perceived the teaching to be worthwhile and that the training they received had helped improve their own clinical practice in consulting through interpreters. We offer the following recommendations to others who may be interested in developing teaching on interpreted consultations within their core curriculum: 1) consider recruiting professional interpreters as a teaching resource; 2) align the teaching to existing consultation skills sessions to aid integration
Sargeant, Joan; MacLeod, Tanya; Murray, Anne
Introduction: Recent research suggests that effective interprofessional communication and collaboration can positively influence patient satisfaction and outcomes. Health professional communication skills do not necessarily improve over time but can improve with formal communication skills training (CST). This article describes the development,…
Schrandt, Jessica A.; Townsend, Dawn Buffington; Poulson, Claire L.
The purpose of this study was to teach empathetic responding to 4 children with autism. Instructors presented vignettes with dolls and puppets demonstrating various types of affect and used prompt delay, modeling, manual prompts, behavioral rehearsals, and reinforcement to teach participants to perform empathy responses. Increases in empathetic…
Taggart, Geoff; Ridley, Kate; Rudd, Peter; Benefield, Pauline
Thinking skills have been included in the National Curriculum alongside ‘key skills’ such as those to do with communication and information and communications technology (ICT). Thinking skills are expected to be developed at all key stages and centre on: information-processing skills, reasoning skills, enquiry skills, creative thinking skills and evaluation skills. This literature review consisted of three phases based on the following research questions: 1. What pedagogical approaches to dev...
Hall, C.; Sheldon-Wildgen, J; Sherman, J. A.
Six retarded adults were taught job application and interview skills including introducing oneself, filling out a standard job application form, answering questions, and asking questions. A combination of instructions, modeling, role playing, and positive and corrective feedback was used across a multiple baseline experimental design. After training, the clients' performance in each area improved substantially over baseline levels. In addition, the newly taught skills appeared to generalize t...
Novokilinova Anna Vladimirovna
The paper deals with employability concept, what employability and career skills are, the list of skills which present-day employers value most. The article presents the experience of some overseas universities in enhancing student employability as well as the approaches to assess it. By the way of conclusion the author made up an opinion on the possibilities of implementing this experience into our environment, which, on the one hand, is a subject of discussion, on the other - can be a possi...
Kelley, Kevin J; Kelley, Mary F
Empathy plays an important role in comprehensive nursing care. Empathy outcome research shows that exposure to an empathetic person has a palliative and even healing effect on patients. Teaching nurses how to communicate with empathy is crucial to unleash the true potential that empathy has to transform and heal. Four active listening skills and six compassion-based skills are defined. A suggested training rubric appropriate for use in multiple training contexts is provided.
Robert W. Lingard
To be successful in today's workplace, engineering and computer science students must possess high levels of teamwork skills. Unfortunately, most engineering programs provide little or no specific instruction in this area. This paper outlines an assessment-driven approach toward teaching teamwork skills. Working with the Industrial Advisory Board for the College, a set of performance criteria for teamwork was developed. This set of criteria was used to build an assessment instrument to measur...
Aipanda, Shuuya I.
Reading is central to all learning and should enjoy more attention than any skill associated with learning. Undoubtedly, reading difficulty has an adverse effect on learning and on acquiring of information in general. This dissertation is a proposal of teaching reading skills which enable students to read purposefully, to become self-reliant students and to have a beneficial effect on their command of the English language. Chapter One gives the historical background while Chapter Two identifi...
Schrandt, Jessica A; Townsend, Dawn Buffington; Poulson, Claire L
The purpose of this study was to teach empathetic responding to 4 children with autism. Instructors presented vignettes with dolls and puppets demonstrating various types of affect and used prompt delay, modeling, manual prompts, behavioral rehearsals, and reinforcement to teach participants to perform empathy responses. Increases in empathetic responding occurred systematically with the introduction of treatment across all participants and response categories. Furthermore, responding general...
Bansal A; Swann J; Smithson WH
Aarti Bansal,1 Jennifer Swann,1 William Henry Smithson2 1Academic Unit of Primary Medical Care, University of Sheffield, UK; 2Department of General Practice, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Abstract: The ability to work with interpreters is a core skill for UK medical graduates. At the University of Sheffield Medical School, this teaching was identified as a gap in the curriculum. Teaching was developed to use professional interpreters in role-play, based on evidence that professional...
Pui-Lan, Kwok; Brown, William P.; Delamarter, Steve; Frank, Thomas E.; Marshall, Joretta L.; Menn, Esther; Riggs, Marcia Y.
This collection of essays tackles thorny questions related to critical incidents in teaching. By using different pedagogical methods and techniques, each author provokes creative thinking about how to address specific concerns common to teaching. The authors demonstrate that the teaching and learning process must make room for--if not…
Full Text Available Aarti Bansal,1 Jennifer Swann,1 William Henry Smithson2 1Academic Unit of Primary Medical Care, University of Sheffield, UK; 2Department of General Practice, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Abstract: The ability to work with interpreters is a core skill for UK medical graduates. At the University of Sheffield Medical School, this teaching was identified as a gap in the curriculum. Teaching was developed to use professional interpreters in role-play, based on evidence that professional interpreters improve health outcomes for patients with limited English proficiency. Other principles guiding the development of the teaching were an experiential learning format, integration to the core consultation skills curriculum, and sustainable delivery. The session was aligned with existing consultation skills teaching to retain the small-group experiential format and general practitioner (GP tutor. Core curricular time was found through conversion of an existing consultation skills session. Language pairs of professional interpreters worked with each small group, with one playing patient and the other playing interpreter. These professional interpreters attended training in the scenarios so that they could learn to act as patient and family interpreter. GP tutors attended training sessions to help them facilitate the session. This enhanced the sustainability of the session by providing a cohort of tutors able to pass on their expertise to new staff through the existing shadowing process. Tutors felt that the involvement of professional interpreters improved student engagement. Student evaluation of the teaching suggests that the learning objectives were achieved. Faculty evaluation by GP tutors suggests that they perceived the teaching to be worthwhile and that the training they received had helped improve their own clinical practice in consulting through interpreters. We offer the following recommendations to others who may be interested in
Oermann, Marilyn H; Muckler, Virginia C; Morgan, Brett
The development of psychomotor and procedural skills requires opportunities for repetitive practice combined with specific, informational feedback from the teacher, another expert, or simulator to correct performance errors. Practice enables learners to refine skills and progress through the phases of motor learning: cognitive, associative, and autonomous. Practice should be spaced over time, can occur in dyads, and can rapidly cycle between practicing and receiving feedback and coaching until skills are mastered. The purpose of this article is to examine psychomotor skill learning in nursing and to suggest strategies for nurse educators in teaching motor and procedural skills in nursing programs, as well as in clinical settings. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(6):278-282.
Oermann, Marilyn H; Muckler, Virginia C; Morgan, Brett
The development of psychomotor and procedural skills requires opportunities for repetitive practice combined with specific, informational feedback from the teacher, another expert, or simulator to correct performance errors. Practice enables learners to refine skills and progress through the phases of motor learning: cognitive, associative, and autonomous. Practice should be spaced over time, can occur in dyads, and can rapidly cycle between practicing and receiving feedback and coaching until skills are mastered. The purpose of this article is to examine psychomotor skill learning in nursing and to suggest strategies for nurse educators in teaching motor and procedural skills in nursing programs, as well as in clinical settings. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(6):278-282. PMID:27232227
Pettigrew, Frank E.; Heikkinen, Michael
This study measured the effect of an eclectic instructional approach on psychomotor skills achievement of 156 junior high school students when implemented in lieu of the teacher's preferred instructional style. The eclectic approach produced higher scores in nine of twelve tests and showed insignificant gains in the other three tests. (MT)
Enterprise State Junior Coll., AL.
This curriculum package on effective training skills for hourly textile employees has been developed by the Workforce 2000 Partnership, a network of industries and educational institutions that provides training in communication, computation, and creative thinking to employees and supervisors in textile, apparel, and carpet industries at 15 plants…
Oberst, Michael A.
Teachers of tax law are encouraged to require students to actively examine and apply the tax code and regulations. The author's active teaching approach is described covering student accountability, use of textbooks that offer explanations, procedures used in classroom analysis, student questions, use of lengthy regulations, breadth of coverage,…
Akinoglu, Orhan; Karsantik, Yasemin
The purpose of the present study is to determine pre-service teachers' opinions on teaching thinking skills. 134 senior pre-service pre-school, English and mathematics teachers studying at a state university in Istanbul participated in the study which is designed based on survey model. A questionnaire which was developed by the researchers was…
Thompson, Diane P.
Describes the use of a local area network and video switching equipment in teaching revision skills on computer. Explains that reading stories from texts, rewriting them from differing character viewpoints, and editing them as a group exposed students to a variety of writing problems and stimulated various revision strategies. (SG)
Ogan-Bekiroglu, Feral; Belek, Deniz Eren
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of model-based teaching on students' argumentation skills. Experimental design guided to the research. The participants of the study were pre-service physics teachers. The argumentative intervention lasted seven weeks. Data for this research were collected via video recordings and written…
Teaching soft skills (i.e., grit, empathy, collaboration, perseverance, communication, ethics, self-management) is a task that might seem overwhelming to new teachers, but this article offers practical advice from students about how to incorporate the lessons into the classroom.
Because of its potential for humor and drama, job interviewing is frequently portrayed on television. This article discusses how scenes from popular television series such as "Everybody Loves Raymond," "Friends," and "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" can be used to teach effective job interview skills in business communication courses. Television…
Weiss, Amy L.; Theadore, Geraldine
This article focuses on why and how speech-language pathologists and other professionals can encourage the involvement of parents in teaching social communication skills to their young children. Four main topics are explored: (1) the evidence that many of the children with special needs served by speech-language pathologists and other…
Scheiter, Katharina; Jarodzka, Halszka
Scheiter, K., & Jarodzka, H. (2011, May). Teaching perceptual skills in clinical diagnostics using digital media. Presentation at the 2nd International Conference “Research in Medical Education”: Shaping diamonds from bench to bedside, Universität Tübingen.
Goh, Suk Meng
The objective of this study is to evaluate the potential of a game called "Star Power" to teach professional skills to mechanical engineering undergraduates. The game was conducted as an activity in a final year Professional Practice unit. A survey in the form of a questionnaire was administered to participating students in the following…
Noto, Teresa L.
Today's automotive college students will shape the future of the automobile industry. The success of college-level automotive programs has long been dependent on the students' ability to participate in hands-on classroom based interactions. In this article, distance learning and how it can be used to teach automotive management skills, as well as…
Vann, William F., Jr.; And Others
A traditional method of teaching psychomotor skills in a preclinical restorative dentistry laboratory course was compared with an experimental method. The experimental group was taught using a guided systematic approach that relied on detailed checklists and exhaustive faculty feedback. (Author/MLW)
创造性思维作为创造性的内核，是个体在一定社会文化背景上产生新颖独特且实用观点或产品的思维形式。文章基于社会文化的三层次模型，分别从文化观念、文化活动或经历以及文化工具三个层面，围绕人性价值观、中庸取向、非价值性文化传统、海外旅居、多语种学习、以及文化工具所涵盖的文化规则、符号和实物七个方面阐述了社会文化对创造性思维的影响。未来研究有必要在此基础上继续从文化与社会因素的依存性、个体差异控制、文化和创造性思维的类型差异以及多重研究取向协作四方面深入。%As the inner core of creativity, creative thinking is a kind of thinking mode that generates novel and appropriate viewpoints or products. Guided by the model of“three levels of culture”, the present work focused on the cultural values and underlying assumptions, cultural communications or multicultural experience, as well as cultural artifacts these three social cultural levels, and mainly examined the influences of human nature values, Zhong Yong orientation, non-valued cultural tradition, oversea living, multilingual learning, and cultural artifacts such as cultural rules, signs and matters on human creative thinking. Future studies should pay more attention to the dependence of social and its relevant cultural factors, the control of individual differences, the variable types of culture and creative thinking, as well as the collaboration of multiple research approaches.
Johnson, Keith; Jackson, Sarah
The paper describes a research project which observes the teaching practices of trainers working in three non-linguistic skill ("other-skill") areas--music (classical singing), table tennis, and flight simulation. The aim is to compare these practices with those of the language teacher and to consider whether the latter has anything to learn from…
Mileder, Lukas Peter
Junior medical staff provides a large proportion of undergraduate student education. However, despite increasing numbers of resident-as-teacher training programs, junior doctors may still not be sufficiently prepared to teach medical students. Hence, medical schools should consider implementing formal teaching skills training into undergraduate curricula.
Lyon, Lucinda J; Hoover, Terry E; Giusti, Lola; Booth, Mark T; Mahdavi, Elham
Development of dental faculty members is paramount to providing outstanding education and role modeling for students. With the large number of second career educators in dental schools, an efficient method of acquiring teaching skills is important for new faculty members. Knowing the skill progression and learning experiences identified by dental educators of varying rank may lead to more efficient, effective faculty development. The aims of this study were to identify the perceptions of a group of faculty members about the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and learning experiences that contribute to developing teaching expertise and to compare and contrast the perceptions of new and more senior faculty members on these subjects. The Dreyfus skill acquisition continuum of novice to expert performance was used as a construct reference. The study used a mixed-methods approach in which qualitative and quantitative data were collected concurrently in an electronic survey of faculty members at one U.S. dental school. Of the 492 total faculty members, 80 survey responses were received, for a 16% response rate. Open coding and analysis of responses revealed some common themes. Building rich content knowledge and learning varied methodologies for teaching and assessment, supported by an awareness of peer role models, were perceived to be features of early growth. Content prioritization, clarity, and customization appropriate for the learner characterized mid growth. As theorized in the Dreyfus model, more experienced faculty members described a fluid, less structured teaching process, increased reflection, and appreciation of the strength of the educational community. The results of this study may help increase dental educators' understanding of teaching skill acquisition and inform faculty development and support. PMID:27480710
Lyon, Lucinda J; Hoover, Terry E; Giusti, Lola; Booth, Mark T; Mahdavi, Elham
Development of dental faculty members is paramount to providing outstanding education and role modeling for students. With the large number of second career educators in dental schools, an efficient method of acquiring teaching skills is important for new faculty members. Knowing the skill progression and learning experiences identified by dental educators of varying rank may lead to more efficient, effective faculty development. The aims of this study were to identify the perceptions of a group of faculty members about the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and learning experiences that contribute to developing teaching expertise and to compare and contrast the perceptions of new and more senior faculty members on these subjects. The Dreyfus skill acquisition continuum of novice to expert performance was used as a construct reference. The study used a mixed-methods approach in which qualitative and quantitative data were collected concurrently in an electronic survey of faculty members at one U.S. dental school. Of the 492 total faculty members, 80 survey responses were received, for a 16% response rate. Open coding and analysis of responses revealed some common themes. Building rich content knowledge and learning varied methodologies for teaching and assessment, supported by an awareness of peer role models, were perceived to be features of early growth. Content prioritization, clarity, and customization appropriate for the learner characterized mid growth. As theorized in the Dreyfus model, more experienced faculty members described a fluid, less structured teaching process, increased reflection, and appreciation of the strength of the educational community. The results of this study may help increase dental educators' understanding of teaching skill acquisition and inform faculty development and support.
Frost KA; Metcalf EP; Brooks R.; Kinnersley P; Greenwood SR; Powell CVE
Katherine A Frost,1,2 Elizabeth P Metcalf,3 Rachel Brooks,2,3 Paul Kinnersley,3 Stephen R Greenwood,3 Colin VE Powell1,2,4 1Noah’s Ark Children’s Hospital for Wales, 2Department of Pediatrics, 3Institute of Medical Education, 4Molecular and Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales Background: Delivering effective clinical pediatric communication skills training to undergraduate medical students is a distinct and important challenge. Pediatric-...
Katherine A Frost,1,2 Elizabeth P Metcalf,3 Rachel Brooks,2,3 Paul Kinnersley,3 Stephen R Greenwood,3 Colin VE Powell1,2,4 1Noah’s Ark Children’s Hospital for Wales, 2Department of Pediatrics, 3Institute of Medical Education, 4Molecular and Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales Background: Delivering effective clinical pediatric communication skills training to undergraduate medical students is a distinct and important challenge. Pe...
Luftig, Richard L.
Investigates the effects of an arts infusion program (SPECTRA+) on the creative thinking, academic achievement, self-esteem, locus of control, and appreciation of the arts by school children (n=615). Reports that SPECTRA+ program children scored higher than the control group in creativity, self-esteem, and arts appreciation, while data for…
Al-Madani, Feras Mohammed
This study aims at investigating the effect of Blended Learning approach compared to the traditional learning approach on fifth grade students' achievement in My Beautiful Language Textbook and the development of their verbal creative thinking. The study consisted of 49 students among which 25 are males in the Experimental Group and 24 females in…
Objective: To explore the active role of creative thinking application in medical equipment archive administration. Methods: The application of creative thinking and ability was scientifically explored through literature review and practice summary. Results: The application of creative thinking in medical equipment archives administration makes an attempt in effective medical archives usage. Conclusion: The exploration of creative thinking and ability may change the delay status quo of medical equipment archive administration.%目的:探讨创新思维在医疗设备档案管理中的积极作用.方法:通过查阅文献和实践经验总结,对创新思维和创新能力的实施进行科学探讨.结果:将创新内容应用于医疗设备档案管理中,为高效率利用医疗设备档案资源进行有益尝试.结论:通过对创新思维、创新能力的探讨,有望改变医疗设备档案管理滞后的现状和局面.
Hulsman, R.L.; Ros, W.J.G.; Winnubst, J.A.M.; Bensing, J.M.
Interest in the teaching of communication skills in medical schools has increased since the early seventies but, despite this growing interest, relatively limited curricular time is spent on the teaching of communication skills. The limited attention to the teaching of these skills applies even more
Palumbo, Mary Val; Sandoval, Marie; Hart, Vicki; Drill, Clarissa
This pilot study investigated nurse practitioner students' communication skills when utilizing the electronic health record during history taking. The nurse practitioner students (n = 16) were videotaped utilizing the electronic health record while taking health histories with standardized patients. The students were videotaped during two separate sessions during one semester. Two observers recorded the time spent (1) typing and talking, (2) typing only, and (3) looking at the computer without talking. Total history taking time, computer placement, and communication skills were also recorded. During the formative session, mean history taking time was 11.4 minutes, with 3.5 minutes engaged with the computer (30.6% of visit). During the evaluative session, mean history taking time was 12.4 minutes, with 2.95 minutes engaged with the computer (24% of visit). The percentage of time individuals spent changed over the two visits: typing and talking, -3.1% (P = .3); typing only, +12.8% (P = .038); and looking at the computer, -9.6% (P = .039). This study demonstrated that time spent engaged with the computer during a patient encounter does decrease with student practice and education. Therefore, students benefit from instruction on electronic health record-specific communication skills, and use of a simple mnemonic to reinforce this is suggested.
Smith, D L; Hamrick, M H; Anspaugh, D J
Teachers are usually very enthusiastic in their evaluations of decision stories. Decision Story Strategies offer a change of pace, promote student involvement and stimulate creative thinking, problem solving and everpresent creative teaching-learning opportunities. The real-life problems presented within the structure of a decision story provide meaningful learning opportunities for students. Students begin to think in a broader perspective when considering other points of view and information sources. The Decision Story Strategy used with the Decision-Making Model provides a powerful tool for health educators to develop skills for making and evaluating decisions in an interesting and meaningful context. It may not be a panacea for all health educators, but is an effective strategy for the teacher concerned with developing independent decision makers. Most importantly, students are provided opportunities to solve their present problems as well as develop decision-making skills for the future. PMID:6916032
Ni Made Ratminingsih
Full Text Available Abstract: Teaching Techniques, Types of Personality, and English Listening Skill. This study investigated the effect of teaching techniques and types of personality on English listening skill. This experimental study involved 88 students under investigation, which were determined randomly through multi-stage random sampling technique. The results of the research indicate that there is an interaction effect between the teaching techniques and types of personality on the English listening skill; there is no significant difference in the listening skill between the group of students who learn using the game technique and those who learn using the song technique; the listening skill of students having extrovert personality is better than those having introvert personality; the listening skill of students having extrovert personality who learn using the game technique is lower than those who learn using the song technique; and the listening skill of students having introvert personality who learn using the game technique is higher than those who learn using the song technique. Abstrak: Teknik Pembelajaran, Tipe Kepribadian, dan Keterampilan Mendengarkan Bahasa Inggris. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh teknik pembelajaran dan tipe kepribadian terhadap keterampilan mendengarkan bahasa Inggris. Penelitian ini melibatkan 88 orang siswa, yang ditentukan secara acak melalui multi stage random sampling technique. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh interaksi antara teknik pembelajaran dan tipe kepribadian terhadap keterampilan mendengarkan bahasa Inggris; tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada keterampilan mendengarkan antara siswa yang belajar dengan teknik pembelajaran permainan dan lagu; keterampilan mendengarkan siswa yang berkepribadian ekstroversi lebih baik daripada yang berkepribadian introversi; keterampilan mendengarkan siswa yang berkepribadian ekstroversi, yang belajar dengan teknik pembelajaran
Sazak Pinar, Elif; Sucuoglu, Bülbin
In this study, the effectiveness of a Social Skills Teaching Program (SSTP) prepared for inclusive classroom teachers was investigated. The SSTP gauged (1) teachers' expectations related to social skills of students with special needs, (2) their knowledge levels related to teaching social skills, and (3) their use of social skills teaching…
Hight, Jim D.
Journaling is an effective tool for the development of writing skills and creative thinking; however, research has not revealed how it improves writing skills in the college classroom. The majority of the studies related to journaling are elementary school studies, which do not provide statistics on how journaling can improve writing skills for…
Abstract This study investigated the teaching methods used by the teachers in teaching pupils with low mathematical skills in Tanzania. The aim of this study was to introduce an effective intervention for enhancing pupils’ achievement levels in mathematics. The problem of low mathematical skills is caused by many reasons such as unsuitable teaching and learning environment, few teaching methods, negative attitude of pupils and parents towards mathematics, shortage of teaching and learning ...
Full Text Available Silvia Allikmets,1 Jasper Vink21King’s College London School of Medicine, 2Imperial College London School of Medicine, London, UKIn the study by Burgess and Mellis,1 the importance of feedback in the learning process of the medical students has been discussed. The teaching of the medical students carries immense significance throughout their clinical career. At university, students learn skills that are embedded into their attitudes and behaviors for many years to come. Furthermore, these skills, in effect, become second nature to them, making them harder to adapt later. Therefore, it is important to equip students with the correct feedback skills and techniques early in their education. We agree with the conclusions drawn by Burgess and Mellis1 that feedback is crucial for learning and that the teaching of feedback skills should be a core component of medical education programs. However, despite their crucial significance, we believe that feedback skills are not adequately taught and practiced in medical schools. View original paper by Burgess and Mellis.
Margarita Amestoy de Sánchez
Full Text Available In this presentation it is proposed and justified an integrated model of research and development that could be applicable to the building, implementation and evaluation of the teaching and transfer of thinking skills. First, the principles underlying the development of thought are presented; next, the role of research in the construction and application of the intellectual development and process-based learning model; its components and interrelations are identified. Finally, the role of research in the design and application of projects aiming at the development of thinking skills is analyzed.
Hurst, Emily J
As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many librarians. To appeal to their users, many health sciences librarians are interested in developing technology-based classes. This column explores the question: what skills are necessary for developing and teaching technology in an academic health sciences library setting?
Emma Tamsin Kelty
Full Text Available This pilot study aimed to identify the benefits of developing thinking skills with KS1 deaf children who used British Sign Language (BSL. It arose as a response to the findings of a variety of researches who had reported a number of ‘failings’ apparent in the educational and learning activity of deaf children. It used a case study approach involving five profoundly deaf Key stage 1 children and explored the extent to which, using materials grounded in the Somerset Thinking Skills Course, the teaching of thinking skills in a supportive environment could remediate some of these issues. The strongly visual nature of the material supported pupil exchanges mediated by the use of sign language. Analysis of video film was used to plot individual pupil development of scanning skills, their use of nouns versus adjectives, micro-skills and macro-abilities. Pupil reasoning skills, how they were supported, their ownership and role of the facilitator were also examined. The results showed that within eight weeks (equivalent to four hours in total the children were more able to express their perceptions. They watched other children in order to access their signed information and appeared to use this to develop, elaborate, extend and provide reasons when it was their turn to present. There was also evidence of enhanced creativity and originality in their contributions. This pilot study urges the need for further research and suggests that a priority should be given to developing this approach in the teaching of deaf children. Due to the complexity of thinking skills it further recommends that this area should be taught as a separate topic that can inform other subjects.
Allikmets S; Vink J
Silvia Allikmets,1 Jasper Vink21King’s College London School of Medicine, 2Imperial College London School of Medicine, London, UKIn the study by Burgess and Mellis,1 the importance of feedback in the learning process of the medical students has been discussed. The teaching of the medical students carries immense significance throughout their clinical career. At university, students learn skills that are embedded into their attitudes and behaviors for many years to come. Furthermore, the...
Silvia Allikmets,1 Jasper Vink21King’s College London School of Medicine, 2Imperial College London School of Medicine, London, UKIn the study by Burgess and Mellis,1 the importance of feedback in the learning process of the medical students has been discussed. The teaching of the medical students carries immense significance throughout their clinical career. At university, students learn skills that are embedded into their attitudes and behaviors for many years to come. Furthermore,...
This study compared the preference for learning styles of dental students in a small class in physiology at a South African university with the preference for teaching styles of the lecturers. It also analyzed and evaluated the teaching methods and aids the lecturers used. The study was done in the last teaching block of the year after students have been exposed to all the lecturing styles in the same premedical subject. Two separate questionnaires were used in the study in order to evaluate teaching methods and teaching media used by the lecturers and to measure the teaching methods and teaching media that students preferred. Through a critical analysis of the data, it was found that the students preferred cooperative and active teaching/learning experiences more than the lecturers are using them. The study emphasizes the importance of students being actively involved in the teaching-learning process through cooperative methods. This may enhance their ability to utilize cognitive skills such as creative thinking, interpretation, critical thinking, and problem-solving.
Abdullah, Nor Liza; Hanafiah, Mohd Hizam; Hashim, Noor Azuan
Globalization and liberalization in the business environment have changed the requirements of types and qualities of human capital needed by the corporate sector. In relation to this, business graduates not only need to have theoretical understanding, but they also need to have creative thinking, communication skills and decision making skills…
Houston, Thomas K; Clark, Jeanne M; Levine, Rachel B; Ferenchick, Gary S; Bowen, Judith L; Branch, William T; Boulware, Dennis W; Alguire, Patrick; Esham, Richard H; Clayton, Charles P; Kern, David E
BACKGROUND Awareness of the need for ambulatory care teaching skills training for clinician-educators is increasing. A recent Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)-funded national initiative trained 110 teams from U.S. teaching hospitals to implement local faculty development (FD) in teaching skills. OBJECTIVE To assess the rate of successful implementation of local FD initiatives by these teams. METHODS A prospective observational study followed the 110 teams for up to 24 months. Self-reported implementation, our outcome, was defined as the time from the training conference until the team reported that implementation of their FD project was completely accomplished. Factors associated with success were assessed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS The median follow-up was 18 months. Fifty-nine of the teams (54%) implemented their local FD project and subsequently trained over 1,400 faculty, of whom over 500 were community based. Teams that implemented their FD projects were more likely than those that did not to have the following attributes: met more frequently (P=.001), had less turnover (P=.01), had protected time (P=.01), rated their likelihood of success high (P=.03), had some project or institutional funding for FD (P=.03), and came from institutions with more than 75 department of medicine faculty (P=.03). The cost to the HRSA wwas $22,033 per successful team and $533 per faculty member trained. CONCLUSIONS This national initiative was able to disseminate teaching skills training to large numbers of faculty at modest cost. Smaller teaching hospitals may have limited success without additional support or targeted funding. PMID:15610333
Reading is an important way of communication.Through reading,people can be well ingformed.Therefore,reading plays a key role yn Junior English teaching.However,a lot of students in junior middle school are not skilled at reading.One of the problems is that they do not know how to read.This paper suggests the following effective reading shills:changing the traditional ways of reading,improving students’ skills of skimming and scanning,cultivating abilities of guessing and limited reading,enlarging the scope of reading,forming students’good habits of reading.By using these skills,students’speed of reading and reading comprehension can be improved.
Creed, F; Murray, R M
The teaching of 'clinical skills' is generally held to be central to postgraduate training in psychiatry, but the term itself has so far escaped exact definition. In an effort to study some of the component clinical abilities, their inter-relationships, and the factors promoting their transmission, all junior psychiatrists at the Maudsley Hospital were surveyed for their views on the clinical training they had received. Three hundred and seventy three assessement on 43 units were made. Trainees perceived the academic instruction and advice on formulating cases which they had received as being quite unrelated to the quality of help with interview skills and instruction in practical management, but feedback from the consultant to the trainee on the latter's performance was necessary for a high standard of both academic and practical instruction. Encouragement to do research was transmitted independently of other clinical teaching. Over a 3-year period the standard of multi-disciplinary teamwork appeared to improve, but there was a decline in the standard of academic instruction and in encouragement to do research. These overall differences were due to changes in the teaching staff, rather than alterations in teaching methods. Surveys such as this may help to define the goals of postgraduate clinical training, and also monitor the extent to which an institution is achieving these goals. PMID:7267879
Sweller, John; Clark, Richard; Kirschner, Paul A.
Sweller, J., Clark, R., & Kirschner, P. A. (2010). Teaching general problem-solving skills is not a substitute for, or a viable addition to, teaching mathematics. Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 57, 1303-1304.
Kassardjian, Alyne; Taubman, Mitchell; Rudrud, Eric; Leaf, Justin B.; Edwards, Andrew; McEachin, John; Leaf, Ron; Schulze, Kim
Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder often display deficits in social skills. While research has shown behavioral interventions to be effective in teaching and/or increasing a variety of appropriate social skills, limited research has shown generalization of these skills to the natural setting. The Teaching Interaction procedure…
Ogletree, Earl J.
Waldorf Education, founded by Rudolf Steiner in 1919, is based on the philosophy of critical idealism, in which teachers assist in the natural unfolding of children's preexistent possibilities. But because there has been little research on Waldorf Education, few data have been gathered on the effectiveness of its teaching methods and…
Fletcher, Tina Sue
Spurred on by explosive technological developments and unprecedented access to information, leaders in the fields of business, industry, and education are all calling for creative, innovative workers. In an atmosphere of high-stakes testing and global competitiveness, educators around the world are examining their teaching methods to determine…
Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of this study was to improve communication skills and knowledge of bioethics of last year medical students doing clerkship and to evaluate the effectiveness of using workshops for this purpose from students’ point of view, in order to continue such programs in future. Methods: After Ethical approval for the study a two-day workshop on teaching effective communication skills and principles of medical ethics was planned and conducted by the department of Medical Education through multidisciplinary faculty of Foundation University Medical College, Pakistan. A total of 102 last year medical students participated in this workshop. The students were divided into 8 groups each containing 12 students. A team of pre trained facilitators for each group conducted the group activities. Teaching strategies including interactive discussions on basic principles of doctor-patient relationship, power point presentations, day to day case scenarios, video clips and presentations involving students in role plays were used. Pre and post workshop self evaluation proformas about knowledge and skills of communication and medical ethics were rated (0=none, 1=below average, 2=average, 3=above average, 4=very good, 5=excellent by the students. Results: 89 out of 102 participants returned the proformas. A significant percentage of students (%82 showed improvement in their knowledge and skills of appreciating bioethical issues like valid informed consent, patient confidentiality, end of life issues and breaking bad news by rating as “very good” after participation in the workshop. More than %70 students recommended this activity for other students. Conclusion: Teaching through interactive workshops was found to be an effective method as reflected by students’ feedback. Therefore, the program will be continued in future.
A five-step method for teaching notetaking skills in students with mild learning handicaps includes evaluating current performance, teaching preskills, teaching a notetaking system, providing for distributed practice, and providing for skill generalization. Additional practical suggestions for teachers are provided. (MSE)
Stern, Patricia J; Carlton, Janice C
Effective communication skills are essential for: 1) developing therapeutic physician-patient relationships; 2) negotiating within healthcare teams; and 3) maintaining meaningful personal relationships. This article describes a behavioral science seminar designed to teach residents the fundamentals of couple dynamics and familiarize them with a variety of tools for enhancing communication skills. The seminar consists of a didactic portion, a review of learning materials and instructional DVD, and group discussion. Learning objectives include: a) recognizing the developmental stages of relationships; b) identifying potential communication barriers; and c) use of communication skills tools in three contexts including patient care, healthcare teams, and personal relationships. The seminar is conducted for third-year residents on an annual basis; concepts and materials are reinforced throughout all 3 years of training.
王小芹; 刘典恩; 于秀萍
In order to investigate the situation and explore the cultivation of creative thinking ability of postgraduates, questionnaire survey was carried out among 517 medical postgraduates in Shandong Province and the results were analyzed by SPSS 11.5 statistics software. The results showed that medical postgraduates were lack of creative thinking ability in common and there were differences among them in creative consciousness, creative thinking method and so on. Thus, school and tutors should culture postgraduates according to their characteristics so as to improve their creative thinking ability.%为了调查研究医学研究生的创新思维能力状况,并对医学研究生创新思维能力培养进行探讨,对山东省内3所高等院校和5所三级医院的517名医学研究生或毕业生进行了问卷调查,采用SPSS 11.5软件对有关数据进行统计分析.调查结果表明,医学研究生普遍欠缺创新思维能力;同时,不同年级的医学研究生和毕业生在创新意识、创新思维方法等方面存在差异.提示学校和研究生导师应当根据医学研究生的特点和具体情况对其进行有重点的创新思维方法的培养,以进一步提高他们的创新思维能力.
Budsankom, Prayoonsri; Sawangboon, Tatsirin; Damrongpanit, Suntorapot; Chuensirimongkol, Jariya
The purpose of the research is to develop and identify the validity of factors affecting higher order thinking skills (HOTS) of students. The thinking skills can be divided into three types: analytical, critical, and creative thinking. This analysis is done by applying the meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM) based on a database of…
Ezeudu, F. O.; Chiaha, G. T. U.; Eze, J. U.
The study was designed to develop and factorially validate an instrument for measuring teaching practice skills of chemistry student-teachers in University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Two research questions guided the study. The design of the study was instrumentation. All the chemistry student-teachers in the Department of Science Education, University…
Hulsman, R.L.; Ros, W J G; Winnubst, J.A.M.; Bensing, J.M.
Interest in the teaching of communication skills in medical schools has increased since the early seventies but, despite this growing interest, relatively limited curricular time is spent on the teaching of communication skills. The limited attention to the teaching of these skills applies even more to the physicians' clinical years, when attention becomes highly focused on biomedical and technical competence. Continuing training after medical school is necessary to refresh knowledge and skil...
Burton, Thomas A.; Hirshoren, Alfred
The efficacy of teaching higher level cognitive skills to the trainable mentally retarded is questioned as research has yet to show that the skills learned can be generalized by this population to the classroom or other settings. (Author/PHR)
Thomas J. Marlowe
Full Text Available Improvisational theater, creative role-playing and open-ended scenarios are increasingly being used as ways to emphasize the importance of combining planning with flexibility and evolution to respond to changes in context. These skills and capabilities are extremely valuable in teaching, especially for strengthening communication and interpersonal skills, as well as the capacity for critical thinking and problem solving. Further, this combination of planning with flexibility is also a major theme of agile software development and a number of other problem-solving domains, and in the collaborative development of intellectual property in technical areas. With improvisation, the plan becomes less of a fixed framework, and more of a guideline. In software engineering, it becomes a mutable structure on which to hang goals and objectives, progress, processes, artifacts, and properties. In this submission, we explore the ramifications of this approach.
Nokes, Kathleen M; Aponte, Judith; Nickitas, Donna M; Mahon, Pamela Y; Rodgers, Betsy; Reyes, Nancy; Chaya, Joan; Dornbaum, Martin
Although there is general consensus that nursing students need knowledge and significant skill to document clinical findings electronically, nursing faculty face many barriers in ensuring that undergraduate students can practice on electronic health record systems (EHRS). External funding supported the development of an educational innovation through a partnership between a home care agency staff and nursing faculty. Modules were developed to teach EHRS skills using a case study of a homebound person requiring wound care and the Medicare-required OASIS documentation system. This article describes the development and implementation of the module for an upper-level baccalaureate nursing program located in New York City. Nursing faculty are being challenged to develop creative and economical solutions to expose nursing students to EHRSs in nonclinical settings.
Miltenberger, Raymond G.; Gatheridge, Brian J.; Satterlund, Melisa; Egemo-Helm, Kristin R.; Johnson, Brigitte M.; Jostad, Candice; Kelso, Pamela; Flessner, Christopher A.
This study evaluated behavioral skills training with added in situ training for teaching safety skills to prevent gun play. Following baseline, each child received two sessions of behavioral skills training and one in situ training session. Additional in situ training sessions were conducted until the child exhibited the safety skills (don't touch…
Zhang, Kaili Chen
This article concerns social skills interventions for children with emotional/behavioral disorders. Drawing on the author's teaching experience and the findings of research on social skills training in schools, and exploring effective ways to facilitate children's social skill development, the paper describes how social skills interventions can be…
杨旭佳; 徐婷; 谢琦; 吴庆麟
在整个社会文化大发展的趋势下，创新无处不在。创造性思维作为人类最高能力的表现，是以领域知识为基础的信息加工与重组过程。语义和表象在创造性认知双重加工中的角色不同，却又相互补偿与完善。基于专长角度的研究，领域知识的学习与激活，以培养创造性思维为导向的教学，是落实创新成果新颖性和实用性的保障。%In the entire social and cultural trends, innovation is everywhere. As the supreme human performance capacity, creative thinking is based on domain knowledge to process information as well as its recombination process. Semantics and imagery play the different roles in the creative dual cognition process, but they perform mutual compensation and perfection as well. Based on the perspectives of expertise, knowledge learning and activation, to train creative thinking oriented teaching, are the security to implement the innovation achievement including both novelty and practical.
Choudhary, Anjali; Gupta, Vineeta
Introduction: Like many other people based professions, communications skills are essential to medical practice also. Traditional medical teaching in India does not address communication skills which are most essential in dealing with patients. Communication skills can be taught to medical students to increase clinical competence. Objective: To teach basic communication and counseling skills to fourth-year undergraduate students to increase their clinical competence. Methodology: A total of 4...
Veazey, Sarah E; Valentino, Amber L; Low, Adeline I; McElroy, Alyssa R; LeBlanc, Linda A
Little applied research focuses on teaching feminine hygiene skills to females with disabilities, yet this is a common clinical concern. The current study demonstrates the use of chaining to teach two young females with autism spectrum disorder feminine hygiene skills. A nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants was utilized, and the results indicate that both participants acquired the skill. Generalization probes with one participant indicated the skill generalized to novel stimuli. PMID:27606248
Classroom is the basic place of teaching, where intertwined with a variety of teaching factors, and all these factors forms various kinds of connections. Scientific and effective class teaching management is the necessary and powerful measure of improving the teaching quality. Effective English teaching management skills are parts of the elements of successful large classroom teaching. Under the new educational situation, how to organize, regulate, manage large classrooms in order to train th...
Harrison, Joyce M.; Blakemore, Connie L.; Richards, Robert P.; Oliver, Jon; Wilkinson, Carol; Fellingham, Gilbert
This study evaluated the effects of Skill Teaching and Tactical approaches on skill development, game play, knowledge, and self-efficacy for 169 high- and low-skilled players of 182 beginning university Volleyball students. Three instructors each taught one Tactical and one Skill Teaching class two days a week for 16 weeks. A random coefficients…
Miltenberger, Raymond G
The focus of this paper is on teaching safety skills to children with an emphasis on recent research on behavioral skills training for the prevention of firearm injury. Following a discussion of safety skills and methods for assessing these skills, the paper reviews recent research on behavioral skills training and in situ training for teaching safety skills to prevent firearm injury. Strategies for promoting generalization and increasing the efficiency of training are then discussed, along w...
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education mandates that radiology residency programs teach communication skills to residents. The purpose of this paper is to present a mnemonic, RADPED, that can be used to enhance communication in the radiology setting. It reminds the resident of the salient points to address during an imaging encounter with pediatric patients and their families for the purpose of enhancing communication. Recent history and research in medical communication are reviewed. Various communication guides used by primary care physicians, such as SEGUE, and the Kalamazoo consensus statement are discussed. This methodology was adapted into a format that could be used to teach communication skills to radiology residents in the context of an imaging encounter. RADPED reminds the resident to establish rapportwith the patient, ask questionsas to why the patient and family are presenting for the study, discuss the exam, perform the procedure, use exam distractions, and discussthe results with the referring physician and family when appropriate. This guide is available with movie clips as part of an on-line pediatric radiology curriculum. This simple memory aid promotes the key points necessary to optimize the radiology resident's encounter with pediatric patients and their families. (orig.)
Johann J. Swatz
Full Text Available Second Language teaching in South Africa and concludes that many L2 teachers have resisted using this approach. This may be attributed to a misunderstanding of the basic principles of communicative language teaching (CLT, as well as to uncertainty regarding its practical application. He proposes an innovative way of implementing CLT, involving the integration of thinking skills with selected language content within a communicative framework To demonstrate this, he gives a detailed description of a language teaching module for senior secondary pupils. He then discusses the communicative nature of the activities contained in the module and points out what additional benefits this approach may offer L2 pupils. Die skrywer evalueer die impak wat die kommunikatiewe benadering op Engels tweede taalonderrig in Suid-Afrika gehad het en kom tot die gevolgtrekking dat menige tweede taalonderwysers teenstand bied teen die gebruik van die benadering. Dit kan toegeskryf word aan die feit dat daar 'n wanbegrip bestaan van die basiese beginsels van kommunikatiewe taalonderrig, asook 'n onsekerheid rakende die praktiese toepassing daarvan. Hy stel 'n innoverende uyse van aanbieding voor wat die integrasie van denkvaardighede met geselekteerde taalinhoude binne 'n kommunikatiewe raamwerk behels. Om dit te demonstreer gee hy 'n gedetailleerde beskrywing van 'n taalonderrigmodule vir senior sekondere leerlinge. Daama bespreek hy die kommunikatiewe aard van die aktiwiteite wat die module bevat en dui oak aan watter addisionele voordele hierdie benadering vir tweede taal-leerlinge inhou.
Senan, Divya C.
The full promise of class room learning is dependent on its ability to incorporate 21st century skills in its instructional design, delivery and implementation. In this increasingly competitive global economy, it is not enough for students to acquire subject-level mastery alone. Skills like creative thinking, problem-solving, communication and…
Fidler, Donald C.; Petri, Justin Daniel; Chapman, Mark
Objective: The authors review the literature about educational programs for teaching sexual history-taking skills and describe novel techniques for teaching these skills. Methods: Psychiatric residents enrolled in a brief sexual history-taking course that included instruction on the Sexual Events Classification System, feedback on residents'…
Children who do not develop a foundation of basic motor skills are less likely to participate in regular physical activity. An excellent way of teaching basic motor skills, as well as health-related fitness, is through gymnastics. Many young teachers, however, think that teaching gymnastics is too challenging and do not know how to incorporate it…
Patton, Patricia Lucey
Rational behavior training is a proactive teaching model concerned with helping students with behavior disorders or serious emotional disturbances develop rational thinking and appropriate social skills. Describes a seven-session sequence for teaching rational behavior skills in a middle school setting. Pre- and posttest data revealed significant…
Dotson, Wesley H.; Leaf, Justin B.; Sheldon, Jan B.; Sherman, James A.
Adolescents with autism struggle with developing meaningful social relationships. Learning appropriate conversational skills can be an important first step in creating friendships. A procedure that has been effective in teaching conversational skills to typically developing adolescents is the teaching interaction procedure, which involves…
A small nursing school sought to improve teaching of skills in communication, observation, care planning, nursing, technology, and professional/personal development. Skills were identified in questionnaires and group interviews, and ways to implement teaching without the multidisciplinary resources of larger institutions were developed. (Contains…
Pate, Michael L.; Warnick, Brian K.; Meyers, Tiffany
Using the Delphi technique, agriculture teachers with significant experience teaching welding were asked to help determine the critical skills beginning agriculture teachers need to successfully teach welding. The study's objectives sought to (1) identify the knowledge and technical skill competencies that beginning agriculture teachers need to…
Cristina Escalante Rivera
Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a research project entitled Teaching Exercises in Multicultural Contexts: Lessons to Training in Intercultural Teaching Skills, which was conducted during 2011-2012 by the Department of Teaching Research and Studies from the Costa Rican Ministry of Public Education (Escalante, Fernández and Gaete, 2012, in order to explore cultural diversity in classrooms and educational institutions in Costa Rica. This multicultural phenomenon has forced authorities to pay special attention to the educational services provided, particularly in elementary. In addition, it has sparked a discussion regarding the teachers’ conceptual and pedagogical void and a gap in their teaching skills to deal with student populations of different origins. Similarly, it leads to a reflection about the basic national educational curriculum. The research was conducted in 12 elementary schools from different educational districts, which have a high cultural diversity among students. Using qualitative research techniques, the opinions of principals, teachers and students regarding this topic are explored. The most important conclusion reached in this study is the absence of an intercultural pedagogy in the country’s classrooms and the need to prepare teachers in this respect.
Tolsgaard, Martin G; Gustafsson, Amandus; Rasmussen, Maria B;
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare student teachers and clinical associate professors regarding the quality of procedural skills teaching in terms of participants' technical skills, knowledge and satisfaction with the teaching. METHODS: This is an experimental, randomized, controlled study...... comparing the teaching of student teachers and associate professors regarding participants' learning outcome and satisfaction with the teaching. Two skills are chosen for the experiment, i.v.-access and bladder catheterization. Learning outcome is assessed by a pre- and post testing of the participants......' knowledge and skills. Participants evaluate satisfaction with teaching on nine statements immediately after the teaching. RESULTS: In total 59 first year medical students are included as participants in the experiment. The students taught by student teachers perform just as well as the students taught...
This paper argues that the poor mastery of language skills in Nigeria's educational system can be attributed partly to the poor methods of teaching language skills in the system, especially in early primary education. Given the fact that the bilingual concept is entrenched in the 1977 (revised 1981) Nigeria National Policy on Education, the approach of ‘simultaneous’ bilingualism has been utilised in teaching mother tongue and English language skills - listening, speaking, reading and writing...
Mehrdad Vasheghani Farahani; Masood Siyyari
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of teaching reading comprehension skills on translation quality of EFL. In other words, this study sought to see if teaching reading comprehension skills had statically any significant impact translation quality of Iranian EFL learners and if yes, which reading comprehension skill was the most predictive of translation quality of Iranian EFL learners. In order to put this study into practice, these steps were taken. First, in order to a...
Positive youth development and learning life skills through sports have lately gained attention in Europe and Northern America, now the phenomenon needs to be studied in Estonia, having special focus on youth coaches. The purpose of the study was to explore the coaching strategies Estonian coaches use while teaching life skills. The four sub-topics investigated were coaching strategies, coach education, the development of coaching philosophies and intentionality in teaching life skills. A...
Erika Nallely López-Lugo; Nayat Lucía Amparán-Valenzuela; Claudia Selene Tapia-Ruelas
The Teacher Training Program of Higher Education Media (PROFORDEMS), aims to contribute to the educational profile in skills development. This study aims to determine the level of achievement reached graduates considered teachers regarding teaching skills training process to conclude the paragraph after performing the analysis of as it impacts on society. The method was quantitative, applied for UN compound instrument teaching skills and attributes, with Likert scale Establishing the four ...
Caleb Chidozie Chinedu; Oladiran Stephen Olabiyi; Yusri Bin Kamin
Higher order thinking skills (HOTS) should be an integral part of teaching and learning especially at the higher education level. Thinking skills lessons should be part of the curriculum if students are to solve problems individually, cooperatively and creatively. Teachers on the other hand must be conversant with relevant techniques needed for teaching higher order thinking. An in-depth review of literature reveals that teachers are faced with the problem of how to prepare and teach higher o...
This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed i...
Lee, Joohi; Yoon, Ji Yoon
This article presents pragmatic information on teaching early childhood teacher candidates how to assess children's inquiry process skills. The authors list three important steps in choosing inquiry skills. They generated behavioral indicators for each inquiry skill, and designed an assessment rubric using number grading or a…
Full text: Problem solving skills are essential for all radiation protection personnel. Although some students have more natural problem solving skills than others, all students require practice to become comfortable using these skills. At the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), a unique one-semester course was developed as part of the core curriculum to teach students problem solving skills and elements of modelling and simulation. The underlying emphasis of the course was to allow students to develop their own problem solving strategies, both individually and in groups. Direction was provided on how to examine problems from different perspectives, and how to determine the proper root problem statement. A five-point problem solving strategy was presented as: 1) Problem definition; 2) Solution generation; 3) Decision; 4) Implementation; 5) Evaluation. Within the strategy, problem solving techniques were integrated from diverse areas such as: De Bono 's six thinking hats, Kepner-Tregoe decision analysis, Covey's seven habits of highly effective people, Reason's swiss cheese theory of complex failure, and Howlett's common failure modes. As part of the evaluation step, students critically explore areas such as ethics and environmental responsibility. In addition to exploring problem solving methods, students learn the usefulness of simulation methods, and how to model and simulate complex phenomena of relevance to radiation protection. Computational aspects of problem solving are explored using the commercially available MATLAB computer code. A number of case studies are presented as both examples and problems to the students. Emphasis was placed on solutions to problems of interest to radiation protection, health physics and nuclear engineering. A group project, pertaining to an accident or event related to the nuclear industry is a course requirement. Students learn to utilize common time and project management tools such as flowcharting, Pareto
Full Text Available Abstract Background Cultural competence, the ability to work in cross-cultural situations, has been acknowledged as a core skill for physiotherapists and other health professionals. Literature in this area has focused on the rationale for physiotherapists to provide culturally-competent care and the effectiveness of various educational strategies to facilitate the acquisition of knowledge about cultural competence by physiotherapists and physiotherapy students. However, there is a paucity of research on how students with different cultural needs, who are attending one university class, can be accommodated within a framework of learning core physiotherapy skills to achieve professional standards. Results This paper reports on steps which were taken to resolve the specific needs of a culturally-diverse body of first year physiotherapy students, and the impact this had on teaching in a new physiotherapy program located in Greater Western Sydney, Australia. Physiotherapy legislative, accreditation and registration requirements were considered in addition to anti-discrimination legislation and the four ethical principles of decision making. Conclusions Reflection on this issue and the steps taken to resolve it has resulted in the development of a generic framework which focuses on providing quality and equitable physiotherapy education opportunities to all students. This framework is generalizable to other health professions worldwide.
Barnes, R W; Lang, N P; Whiteside, M F
This paper reviews the laboratory models used to teach fundamental surgical skills in our general surgery residency. The laboratory modules allow supervision and self-instruction, practice, and videotape monitoring of the following techniques: skin incision, suturing, knot tying, hemostasis, vascular anastomosis, and intestinal anastomosis. Pigs' feet simulate human skin for exercises in skin incision, lesion excision, suturing, and basic plastic surgical techniques. Latex tubing and penrose drains allow experience in suturing, knot tying, and hemostasis. Polytetrafluoroethylene vascular prostheses permit quantification of the precision of needle passage and suturing by measurement of leakage of water through a vascular anastomosis. Reconstituted, lyophilized, irradiated bovine arteries and ileum provide models of biologic tissue for creating handsewn vascular anastomoses and sutured or stapled gastrointestinal anastomoses. A headlamp videocamera allows unobstructive recording of the resident's technical performance and provides subsequent visual feedback for self-improvement when compared to reference instructional videotapes. We feel that these innovations may enhance surgical dexterity of residents without the need for animal sacrifice. Our goal is to foreshorten the learning curve for basic surgical skills and improve performance in the clinical operating room.
Hong, Soo-Young; Diamond, Karen E.
The present study examined the efficacy of two different approaches to teaching designed to facilitate children's learning about science concepts and vocabulary related to objects' floating and sinking and scientific problem-solving skills: responsive teaching (RT) and the combination of responsive teaching and explicit instruction (RT + EI).…
Vogel, Daniela; Harendza, Sigrid
Objective: Practical skills are an essential part of physicians’ daily routine. Nevertheless, medical graduates’ performance of basic skills is often below the expected level. This review aims to identify and summarize teaching approaches of basic practical skills in undergraduate medical education which provide evidence with respect to effective students’ learning of these skills. Methods: Basic practical skills were defined as basic physical examination skills, routine skills which get better with practice, and skills which are also performed by nurses. We searched PubMed with different terms describing these basic practical skills. In total, 3467 identified publications were screened and 205 articles were eventually reviewed for eligibility. Results: 43 studies that included at least one basic practical skill, a comparison of two groups of undergraduate medical students and effects on students’ performance were analyzed. Seven basic practical skills and 15 different teaching methods could be identified. The most consistent results with respect to effective teaching and acquisition of basic practical skills were found for structured skills training, feedback, and self-directed learning. Simulation was effective with specific teaching methods and in several studies no differences in teaching effects were detected between expert or peer instructors. Multimedia instruction, when used in the right setting, also showed beneficial effects for basic practical skills learning. Conclusion: A combination of voluntary or obligatory self-study with multimedia applications like video clips in combination with a structured program including the possibility for individual exercise with personal feedback by peers or teachers might provide a good learning opportunity for basic practical skills.
The paper aims to stimulate students' creative thinking ability.Through different creative thinking training to make students grasp the basic rules of creative thinking using and the design methods in the storyboarding script design creation and ultimately serve the TV commercial ads creation.%本文以激发学生的创意思维能力,通过不同的创意思维模式及训练,使学生在分镜头脚本设计创作过程中能够有效地掌握创意思维运用的基本规律和设计方法,并最终服务于电视广告片的艺术创作.
Fowler, Iolanthe; Gill, Andy
Medical leadership is a hot topic, but it is not known yet how to teach this most effectively. A working party of educators in Yorkshire and the Humber (Y&H) studied the leadership domains, as set out in the Medical Leadership Competency Framework and from this distilled a set of 'trainable' leadership skills, which were felt to be important to teach during general practitioner (GP) training. A questionnaire was sent out to a large GP educational community (educators and trainees) within Y&H to establish the following: (i) whether the distilled skills were thought to have face validity when applied to the concept of leadership, (ii) what was the relative importance of these skills in relation to each other and (iii) the degree to which these skills were already being taught in practice placements and at General Practice Specialty Training Programme (GPSTP) teaching sessions.Educators reported more teaching and training occurring than trainees reported receiving, and the relative importance of the skills sets were different between educators and trainees. It was evident that leadership skills are currently being taught, but that making training explicitly 'leadership', and raising the importance of leadership skills in GP, may address some of these imbalances. Educators requested guidance on how to teach these skills effectively and commented that many existing opportunities for leadership teaching and training are not well recognised or used. Routinely and regularly offering the chance for trainees at all levels to be exposed to leadership skills by role modelling, making use of everyday opportunities in practice to teach and encouraging trainee involvement in projects and opportunities to practice new skills can facilitate the acquisition and celebration of mastery of generic leadership skills. PMID:26808794
Fowler, Iolanthe; Gill, Andy
Medical leadership is a hot topic, but it is not known yet how to teach this most effectively. A working party of educators in Yorkshire and the Humber (Y&H) studied the leadership domains, as set out in the Medical Leadership Competency Framework and from this distilled a set of 'trainable' leadership skills, which were felt to be important to teach during general practitioner (GP) training. A questionnaire was sent out to a large GP educational community (educators and trainees) within Y&H to establish the following: (i) whether the distilled skills were thought to have face validity when applied to the concept of leadership, (ii) what was the relative importance of these skills in relation to each other and (iii) the degree to which these skills were already being taught in practice placements and at General Practice Specialty Training Programme (GPSTP) teaching sessions.Educators reported more teaching and training occurring than trainees reported receiving, and the relative importance of the skills sets were different between educators and trainees. It was evident that leadership skills are currently being taught, but that making training explicitly 'leadership', and raising the importance of leadership skills in GP, may address some of these imbalances. Educators requested guidance on how to teach these skills effectively and commented that many existing opportunities for leadership teaching and training are not well recognised or used. Routinely and regularly offering the chance for trainees at all levels to be exposed to leadership skills by role modelling, making use of everyday opportunities in practice to teach and encouraging trainee involvement in projects and opportunities to practice new skills can facilitate the acquisition and celebration of mastery of generic leadership skills.
Wahyuni C., Tri
This article aims to discuss about the used of internet-based activities in teaching listening skill. Internet technology is widely spead through all over the world. Many people used internet as their sources in gaining more information. Moreover for the teachers or lecturers of English Language Teaching class, they are using internet technology as their sources or media in teaching and learning process. Hopefully, this article can give contribution to the teacher and lecturer in teaching lis...
Mohd Ali Samsudin
Full Text Available This study was undertaken to identify the relationship between multiple intelligences with preferred science teaching and science process skills. The design of the study is a survey using three questionnaires reported in the literature: Multiple Intelligences Questionnaire, Preferred Science Teaching Questionnaire and Science Process Skills Questionnaire. The study selected 300 primary school students from five (5 primary schools in Penang, Malaysia. The findings showed a relationship between kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, visual-spatial and naturalistic intelligences with the preferred science teaching. In addition there was a correlation between kinesthetic and visual-spatial intelligences with science process skills, implying that multiple intelligences are related to science learning.
Slater, Reuben J; Castanelli, Damian J; Barrington, Michael J
Existing literature on learning in regional anesthesia broadly covers the rate of skill acquisition and the structure of educational programs. A complementary body of literature spanning psychology to medical education can be found describing skill acquisition in other fields. Concepts described in this literature have direct application to the teaching of regional anesthesia. This review introduces a selection of these complementary educational concepts, applying them to ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia skills education. Key educational concepts presented in this article can be divided into 3 sections, namely, how residents acquire manual skills, how tutors teach, and type of feedback.
Heuristic teaching is a kind of teachers' dominant and the students' scientific teaching principles. In view of the present management of traditional teaching, and private education combining with teaching practice, analyzing the problems and reasonsexisting in the traditional management teaching , puts forward the comprehensive heuristic teaching method of, so as to establish the good teach-student relationship and stimulate their interest in learning, train their creative thinking ability and teach they according to their aptitudes, so as to fully display technical skills of the heuristic teaching in specific applications.%文章结合民办教育教学实际，分析传统管理学教学当中存在的问题及其原因，提出了全方位立体启发式的教学方法，从建立良好的师生关系激发学生学习兴趣，培养学生创造性思维能力，因材施教等多方面出发，全面展现了启发式教学在具体运用中的一些技术技巧。
Aldemir, Ozgul; Gursel, Oguz
Children with developmental disabilities are trained using different teaching arrangements. One of these arrangements is called small-group teaching. It has been ascertained that a small-group teaching arrangement is more effective than a one-to-one teaching arrangement. In that sense, teaching academic skills to pre-school children in small-group…
Jorge Montalvo Castro
Full Text Available Para resolver una adivinanza hay que asociar ideas, analizar metáforas, descubrir analogías. Por eso, impulsar esta forma de entretenimiento infantil es un modo de ejercitar el pensamiento creativo. Sin embargo, existe un problema: las adivinanzas tradicionales son formas literarias que corresponden a una época pre-digital. ¿Cómo lograr, entonces, que tengan mayor aceptación entre los nativos digitales? Una posible solución sería crear adivinanzas audiovisuales diseñadas especialmente para YouTube. En esta investigación se realizaron cinco prototipos de adivinanzas audiovisuales con características creativas diferentes y se validaron con estudiantes de tercero a sexto grado de educación primaria. Los resultados de la validación permitieron identificar las actitudes, reacciones, interpretaciones y modos de razonamiento de los niños y niñas cuando intentan resolver este tipo de adivinanzas. También se identificaron los recursos de lenguaje y formatos creativos que funcionan mejor en una adivinanza audiovisual. En las conclusiones se destaca la necesidad de formular correctamente los enunciados de las adivinanzas audiovisuales y sus respectivas «pistas» para que los niños y niñas tengan la satisfacción intelectual y emocional de resolverlas. Se precisa, además, que leer o escuchar una adivinanza tradicional representa una experiencia cognitiva y sensorial muy distinta que interactuar con esa misma adivinanza en un lenguaje multimedia. Finalmente, se discute y analiza el rol mediador del docente y la importancia del aprendizaje colaborativo en los proyectos educativos que emplean tecnologías digitales.Solving riddles involves association of ideas, analysis of metaphors, and discovery of analogies. Therefore, promoting this type of children’s entertainment is a way to develop creative thinking. However, there is a problem: traditional riddles are literary forms that correspond to a pre-digital era. How can we increase its
Ramirez, Pablo C.; Jimenez-Silva, Margarita
In high school English classrooms where English language learners may be at risk of academic failure, Culturally Responsive Teaching can help educators build an inclusive community in which all students can improve their literacy skills.
Caleb Chidozie Chinedu
Full Text Available Higher order thinking skills (HOTS should be an integral part of teaching and learning especially at the higher education level. Thinking skills lessons should be part of the curriculum if students are to solve problems individually, cooperatively and creatively. Teachers on the other hand must be conversant with relevant techniques needed for teaching higher order thinking. An in-depth review of literature reveals that teachers are faced with the problem of how to prepare and teach higher order thinking skills in design and technology education. This paper is a library based work; and data were collected from textbooks, journal articles and internet search. The paper critically examined existing practices in the teaching of higher order thinking skills in design and technology education. Some of the key features mentioned were the use of concept, inferences, visualization, and schemas, among others. Recommendations for practice change were made regarding the development of HOTS.
@@ I.Purpose of the Study In the essay, we hope to call the teachers' attention to the importance about reading and text teaching.Theoretically and practically, we have a try to introduce some effective strategies and skills.
This article provides new ways to teach and assess motor skills in various lifetime sports such as tennis, golf, badminton, and other sports that students are likely to play as adults by focusing on five basic biomechanical principles.
Leaf, Justin B.; Taubman, Mitchell; Milne, Christine; Dale, Stephanie; Leaf, Jeremy; Townley-Cochran, Donna; Tsuji, Kathleen; Kassardjian, Alyne; Alcalay, Aditt; Leaf, Ronald; McEachin, John
We utilized a cool versus not cool procedure plus role-playing to teach social communication skills to three individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. The cool versus not cool procedure plus role-playing consisted of the researcher randomly demonstrating the behavior correctly (cool) two times and the behavior incorrectly (not cool) two…
Liu, Haiming; Hartnett, Elizabeth
A good e-learning experience is important for users’ effective open learning on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), requiring useful learning technologies and good e-teaching skills. In this paper, an early release of an online social learning platform that allows doctoral students to develop open online courses and practice their e-teaching skills, is evaluated, in order to explore design for such tasks. The evaluation shows that a well-designed social learning platform can enrich users’ te...
The Integrated-skill pedagogy can be applied in college EFL teaching. A college intensive reading for non-English majors teaching plan which is based on the Integrated-skill pedagogy is listed and analyzed with some current perspectives. Fur⁃ther research is needed to perfect this pedagogy in that it exposes EFL learners to authentic context and challenges them to communicate naturally in the language.
Full Text Available Nikhil Patel, David ZargaranImperial College School of Medicine, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, UKWe read with great interest the letter by Ah-kee et al1 that highlights the importance and the difficulties surrounding the provision of teaching by junior doctors.As students of Imperial College London, we have experienced the benefits of teaching skills in the curriculum, having received lectures on teaching skills in our preclinical years as well as a dedicated course in our penultimate year. In line with Ah-kee et al’s1 proposals, we have found that studying adult-learning concepts and a variety of teaching strategies have not only improved our teaching skills, but also helped guide our own learning. View original letter by Ah-kee et al.
Barney, Christine; Shea, Shawn Christopher
Time pressure on trainees and supervisors alike places a premium on efficiency in training students to master clinical skills. Through role-playing, a supervisor can create multiple iterations of the desired skill until competence is obtained. The skill training can be advanced in intensity and complexity until the trainer and trainee are confident that the interviewing skill is accessible on demand and that the trainee is comfortable with its use. This article focuses on practical methods of creating believable roles for role-playing and how to use them to teach specific interviewing skills strategically.
DeHaan, Robert L
Engaging learners in the excitement of science, helping them discover the value of evidence-based reasoning and higher-order cognitive skills, and teaching them to become creative problem solvers have long been goals of science education reformers. But the means to achieve these goals, especially methods to promote creative thinking in scientific problem solving, have not become widely known or used. In this essay, I review the evidence that creativity is not a single hard-to-measure property. The creative process can be explained by reference to increasingly well-understood cognitive skills such as cognitive flexibility and inhibitory control that are widely distributed in the population. I explore the relationship between creativity and the higher-order cognitive skills, review assessment methods, and describe several instructional strategies for enhancing creative problem solving in the college classroom. Evidence suggests that instruction to support the development of creativity requires inquiry-based teaching that includes explicit strategies to promote cognitive flexibility. Students need to be repeatedly reminded and shown how to be creative, to integrate material across subject areas, to question their own assumptions, and to imagine other viewpoints and possibilities. Further research is required to determine whether college students' learning will be enhanced by these measures.
Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Siekkinen, Martti; Nurmi, Jari-Erik
This study examined the extent to which kindergarten children's academic pre-skills are associated with their teachers' subsequent teaching practices. The pre-skills in reading and math of 1268 children (655 boys, 613 girls) were measured in kindergarten in the fall. A pair of trained observers used the Classroom Assessment Scoring System…
Junod Perron, N.; Cullati, S.; Hudelson, P.; Nendaz, M.; Dolmans, D.; Vleuten, C.P.M. van der
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: A 6-month faculty development programme was designed to improve supervisors' feedback to junior doctors on their clinical communication skills (CS) and included both CS and teaching skills training. The aim of this study was to assess supervisors' views on the impact of the pro
Stephens, Derk; Jain, Sachin; Kim, Kioh
This paper examines literature that supports the use of group counseling techniques in the school setting to teach social skills to children and adolescents with special needs. From the review of this literature it was found that group counseling is a very effective way of addressing a variety of social skills problems that can be displayed by…
Junod Perron, N.; Nendaz, M.; Louis-Simonet, M.; Sommer, J.; Gut, A.; Cerutti, B.; Vleuten, C.P.M. van der; Dolmans, D.
BACKGROUND: Observation of performance followed by feedback is the key to good teaching of communication skills in clinical practice. The fact that it occurs rarely is probably due to clinical supervisors' perceived lack of competence to identify communication skills and give effective feedback. We
Sarber, Richard E.; And Others
The effects of an instructional package for teaching menu planning and grocery shopping skills to a mildly mentally retarded mother were examined. After training, the mother could plan three days of nutritious meals and could locate each item required for those meals in a grocery store, with subsequent skill maintenance. (Author)
Spivey, Corrine E.; Mechling, Linda C.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of video modeling with a constant time delay procedure to teach social safety skills to three young women with intellectual disability. A multiple probe design across three social safety skills (responding to strangers who: requested personal information; requested money; and entered the participant's…
Sannomiya, Yuri; Muranaka, Yoko; Teraoka, Misako; Suzuki, Sayuri; Saito, Yukie; Yamato, Hiromi; Ishii, Mariko
The purpose of this study is to design and develop a comprehensive model of teaching basic nursing skills on GBS theory and Four-Stage Performance Cycle. We designed a basic nursing skill program that consists of three courses: basic, application and multi-tasking. The program will be offered as blended study, utilizing e-learning. PMID:27332480
Dollar, Chad A.; Fredrick, Laura D.; Alberto, Paul A.; Luke, Jaye K.
The acquisition of independent living and leisure skills enables adults to experience an enhanced quality of life by increasing competence, self-reliance, and the development of autonomy. This study examined the effectiveness of simultaneous prompting to teach behavior chains (i.e., independent living and leisure skills) to adults with SID…
Trepal, Heather; Haberstroh, Shane; Duffey, Thelma; Evans, Marcheta
As technology advances and the use of online counseling becomes more routine, attention must be paid to instruction regarding online counseling skills. The authors present considerations for teaching basic online counseling skills to master's-level counseling students. Recommendations are made for helping students to establish and maintain…
Helms-Lorenz, Michelle; van de Grift, Wim; Maulana, Ridwan
The teaching profession faces a shortage as well as a decline of teaching skills. A possible way to mitigate this is to implement evidence-based induction arrangements. Seventy-one schools with 338 beginning secondary education teachers were randomly allocated to an experimental or a control group.
Yunus, Melor Md; Nordin, Norazah; Salehi, Hadi; Embi, Mohamed Amin; Salehi, Zeinab
Despite the existence of many studies showing positive effects of using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the teaching and learning process in general, the use of ICT in teaching writing skills in English as a Second Language (ESL) classrooms is still not very encouraging. This study attempts to seek findings on the use of ICT in…
This study focuses on the difficulties experienced by the instructors while teaching writing skill to Arabians from Syria, and how these difficulties could be overcome. The study group of the research includes 11 instructors working in Turkish Teaching Centers (TTCs) of Cukurova University and Adana Science and Technology University. The data…
Sinaga, Parlindungan; Suhandi, Andi; Liliasari
Result of field studies showed low writing skill of teachers in teaching material. The root of the problem lies in their inability on translating description of teaching material into writing. This research focused on the effectiveness of scaffolding design. The scaffolding design was tested in the selected topics of physics courses for…
Karimzadeh, Mansoureh; Salehi, Hadi; Embi, Mohamed Amin; Nasiri, Mehdi; Shojaee, Mohammad
This study aims to use an experimental research design to enhance teaching efficacy by social-emotional skills training in teachers. The statistical sample comprised of 68 elementary teachers (grades 4 and 5) with at least 10 years teaching experience and a bachelor's degree who were randomly assigned into control (18 female, 16 male) and…
Helms-Lorenz, Michelle; van de Grift, Wim; Maulana, Ridwan
The teaching profession faces a shortage as well as a decline of teaching skills. A possible way to mitigate this is to implement evidence-based induction arrangements. Seventy-one schools with 338 beginning secondary education teachers were randomly allocated to an experimental or a control group. The experimental schools used induction…
Garrett, M; Schoener, L; Hood, L
Debate is presented as a valuable learning activity for teaching critical thinking and improving communication skills. Included in the discussion are a brief history of the use of debate as a teaching strategy, the responsibilities of the teacher and learner when using debate in the classroom, and its many advantages for developing competencies in communication and critical thinking.
Pying, How Shwu; Rashid, Abdullah Mat
The focus of this study is to determine the relationship of teacher's teaching styles (expert, formal authority, personal model, delegation, and facilitator) towards student's interests in Integrated Living Skills (ILS) subjects. The research is designed to explore the common teaching styles applied by ILS teachers in schools and…
Christensen-Sandfort, Robyn J.; Whinnery, Stacie B.
This 5-month study examined the impact of a behaviorally based naturalistic teaching strategy, milieu teaching, on the communication skills of preschool-aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in an early childhood special education (ECSE) classroom. A multiple baseline across participants design was used. Communication targets were…
Mechling, Linda C.
This review synthesizes the empirical literature (1986-2006) focusing on teaching cooking skills to persons with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities. Twenty-two studies were identified which provided information on four forms of technologies currently being used to teach food preparation: (a) picture-based systems; (b) Palmtop personal…
Crockett, Jennifer L.; Fleming, Richard K.; Doepke, Karla J.; Stevens, Jenny S.
This study examined the effects of an intensive parent training program on the acquisition and generalization of discrete trial teaching (DTT) procedures with two parents of children with autism. Over the course of the program, parents applied the DTT procedures to teach four different functional skills to their children, which allowed for an…
Altay, Ismail Firat
As is known, writing is an indispensable part of language education. As far as English Language Teaching Departments are concerned, writing courses, especially Advanced Writing Skills, are taken as a course of higher importance. However, forming a syllabus for Advanced Writing Course for English Language Teaching Departments is not an easy matter.…
Presents an interview with Claudio S. Hutz, who is dean of Instituto de Psicologia at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre, Brazil, where he has been teaching psychology since 1977. Discusses topics such as teaching psychology in Brazil and developing critical thinking skills. (CMK)
Vijaya Kumari, S. N.; Naik, Savita P.
Teachers serve education, which is an effective instrument of man making. The teachers learn this art through Preservice teacher education programme. Teaching has been a reflective process from the beginning. Reflection is used in all sectors of teacher education, including Vocational and Adult education, for a number of years. Despite numerous…
肖红; 王辉; 潘俊辉
Based on the strong theoretical characteristics of "discrete mathematics" course, combined with the actual teaching, case teaching mode is introduced in the teaching process. The teaching reform of "discrete mathematics" is expounded from the preparation and selection of teaching cases, and the noted problems in case teaching. Practice has proved that, a combination of traditional teaching and case teaching improves the students' ability to analyze and solve practical problems and creative thinking skills, and the teaching effect has been greatly improved.% 针对“离散数学”课程理论性较强的特点，结合教学实际情况，在教学过程中引入案例教学模式。从教学案例的编写和选择、案例教学中应注意的问题等方面论述了“离散数学”课程的教学改革。实践证明，通过传统教学和案例教学的结合，提高了学生分析、解决实际问题和创造性思维能力，教学效果得到极大提高。
张薇; 李鹏; 陶毓博
By analyzing the types and basic characteristics of hand painting, and the creative thinking, the paper mainly explains the relationship between the hand painting and creative thinking in the activities of furniture design. Hand painting and creative thinking are two important links in the furniture product design as hand painting serves as a medium to demonstrate creative thinking and both are supplements to each other in a cycle development process.%通过对手绘表现的类型及其基本特征进行分析，对创造性思维予以阐述，重点解析了设计者的手绘表现与创造性思维在家具设计中的关系，手绘表现与创造性思维是一个相互推动的循环发展过程，手绘表现是设计者表达创造性思维的媒介，两者在设计者进行家具产品设计的活动中相辅相成。
In this paper, the author described the impact of philosophical consciousness and ideological attributes on the music creative thinking from the perspective of the music creative thinking. He also mentioned that the material and form factors are the carrier of music creative thinking, philosophical consciousness provides the guarantee of ideas for music creative thinking, the expression of philosophical consciousness and the spirit of wishes enhance the ideological significance and artistic value of music creation.%本文从音乐创造思维的角度,阐述了哲学意识及其思想属性对于音乐创造思维的影响,提出了音乐的物质因素和形式因素是音乐创造思维的载体,主张哲学意识为音乐创造思维提供了思想保障,认为哲学意识与精神意愿的表达,提升了音乐创造的思想意义与艺术价值.
Nowadays as international communications become more and more widely,English plays an important role in world affairs.How to improve the Chinese’s English levels depends on our English teachers in some way,so it is essential for English teachers to improve their teaching skil s.This article discusses what skil s English teachers should have to teach English wel and how to apply teaching skil s to English teaching.
This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed in line with ...
Full Text Available Scholars in the field of education have unanimously subscribed to the pivotal role of critical thinking in individuals' life in general and their academic life in particular (Bloom, 1956; Ennis, 2003; Dewey, 1933. The thrust of the current study was to investigate the extent to which the books employed for Teaching English as Foreign Language include critical thinking skills. To attain this goal, 3 series of English books, namely, Top notch, Interchange, and English files series utilized by language institutes in Iran were targeted. Next, a seventy two-item critical thinking checklist based on Likert-scale and consisting of twelve skills; namely, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation, deduction, induction, balanced-thinking, multiple perspective-taking, creative thinking, building community of thinkers, and knowledge was developed. The target skills on the checklist were mainly based on Bloom's taxonomy and the related literature on critical thinking. The checklist was validated by the researchers themselves and some experts in the field and the reliability coefficient was also estimated at 0.86. Then, two raters conducted a content analysis on the books and determined the magnitude of each skill. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis Non-parametric tests. Findings of the study revealed that the books mainly tapped knowledge, comprehension, application and building community of thinkers skills and failed to acceptably include other skills reported to be of utmost importance for students' academic success. The comparison of the mean rank of the skills in the three books also disclosed that as for lower order thinking skills there wasn’t a significant difference among the books; however, as for other skills Top notch was marginally higher. The paper also discusses the lack of critical thinking in the classroom and materials and proposes some ways to
Writing teaching materials is one of the generic pedagogical skills. Teachers and pre-service teachers should be trained to have the skills of writing teaching materials. This study examines the factors that influence the skills of writing in the disciplines among pre-service physics teachers. This study in particular aims to contribute to the development of science writing in the disciplines and to the organization of workshops on writing teaching materials for pre-service teachers. The problems of this research are formulated in the question of what are the factors that influence the skills of pre-service physics teachers in writing teaching materials. The research adopted mixed methods with embedded experimental design. The research subjects were 18 students enrolled in the school physics course. The instruments used consisted of conceptual understanding tests, learning strategy questionnaire, tests of the multiple representation skills, and one-on-one semi- structured interview. Results of data analysis show that the ability and skills of writing physics teaching materials of the pre- service physics teachers are determined by the factors of conceptual understanding of the subject matter with a contribution of 20%, the skills of making multiple representations of concepts with a contribution of 9.8% and students' self-regulation and learning strategy with a contribution of 33.5%. There are other factors that have not been investigated in this study; therefore, it is recommended that future research conduct further investigation on other factors that influence pre-service teachers' skills in writing physics teaching materials.
Winstead, Ann S.; Adams, Barbara L.; Sillah, Marion Rogers
Today's business climate requires that management recruits not only know the technical aspects of their jobs, but also possess communication, teambuilding and leadership skills. Most business school curricula, however, focus only on technical skills, and do not address the "soft skills" in a formal setting or on a consistent basis. As…
In "Do You Want Your Students to Be Job-Ready With 21st Century Skills?" Kivunja (2014a) draws on the work by the Partnership For Teaching 21st Century Skills (P21) reported by Trilling and Fadel (2009), to articulate that the skills that young people need to succeed as individuals, citizens and workers in the 21st century fall into four…
Fernandez, Ritin S; Tran, Duong Thuy; Ramjan, Lucie; Ho, Carey; Gill, Betty
The aim of this study was to compare four teaching methods on the evidence-based practice knowledge and skills of postgraduate nursing students. Students enrolled in the Evidence-based Nursing (EBN) unit in Australia and Hong Kong in 2010 and 2011 received education via either the standard distance teaching method, computer laboratory teaching method, Evidence-based Practice-Digital Video Disc (EBP-DVD) teaching method or the didactic classroom teaching method. Evidence-based Practice (EBP) knowledge and skills were evaluated using student assignments that comprised validated instruments. One-way analysis of covariance was implemented to assess group differences on outcomes after controlling for the effects of age and grade point average (GPA). Data were obtained from 187 students. The crude mean score among students receiving the standard+DVD method of instruction was higher for developing a precise clinical question (8.1±0.8) and identifying the level of evidence (4.6±0.7) compared to those receiving other teaching methods. These differences were statistically significant after controlling for age and grade point average. Significant improvement in cognitive and technical EBP skills can be achieved for postgraduate nursing students by integrating a DVD as part of the EBP teaching resources. The EBP-DVD is an easy teaching method to improve student learning outcomes and ensure that external students receive equivalent and quality learning experiences.
Thenrajan, Padmavathi; Murugan, P Rajavel
Background: Although prescription writing is a part of the medical students' curriculum, their prescribing skills are still poor either as a part of their examinations or as they go out as qualified health professionals which may be due to inadequate training. Educational intervention like patient-based teaching in pharmacology offers lifelike preparation and provides more relevance, easier recall, and help in improving prescribing skills. This study aims to determine the role of patient-based teaching in improving the prescribing skill of II year medical students compared to conventional case-based teaching. Materials and Methods: This prospective, comparative study was carried out after giving orientation to prescription writing as per the WHO prescribing guidelines (N = 50). The 25 students in control group were given case-based teaching and 25 students in test group were given patient-based teaching of prescription writing for the same five common clinical conditions. The prescription writing skill (knows how level) was assessed by evaluating the prescriptions written in the prescribed format and scored by a 14-point scoring system. Results: The mean scores obtained by the control (9.6) and test (12.04) groups were compared by unpaired Student’s t-test (P skills in a complete and professional way.
Logic is a science about thinking, as an important basis for disciplinary universities, which train students for thinking and improve students’thinking literacy plays an important role! In recent years of college teaching logic face some new difficulties to adapt to the new situation. To make logic teaching to meet the needs of society, logic course be given due attention in the university foundation course, we must continue to deepen the reform of teaching logic in terms of teaching content, teaching methods, teaching staff, teaching evaluation methods, improve their teaching effectiveness and relevance, in order to develop students’thinking quality, improve their cognitive abilities, language skills and creative thinking quality, improve their cognitive abilities, language skills and creative thinking skills, promote the quality education.%逻辑学是一门关于思维的科学，作为高校的重要基础学科之一，它对于训练学生的思维能力、提高学生的思维素养具有重要作用。随着近几年高校教学改革的深化，逻辑学教学改革也面临着一些新的困境。为了让逻辑学教学能满足社会需要，逻辑学课程在高校基础课程中受到应有的重视，我们必须从教学内容、教学方法、师资队伍建设、教学考核方式等方面继续深化逻辑学教学改革，提高其教学实效性和针对性，以此来培养学生的思维素养，提高学生的认知能力、语言表达能力和创新思维能力，推进素质教育。
Shih, Yeng-Hung; Chang, Chien-Huey Sophie
This study investigated the effects of a program that taught oral hygiene skills to students with visual impairments using group instruction and individual coaching. The results showed that the program enhanced the oral hygiene skills of the three participants significantly, and its effectiveness lasted for at least two months after the…
This paper explores the pedagogical and conceptual issues that accompany the integration of intercultural communication skills into the secondary curriculum by analyzing the interactions of 102 adolescents in Spain and the USA during a 15-week, classroom-based, international online exchange. Focusing on the skills of discovery and interaction…
Zhang, Peng; Ward, Phillip; Li, Weidong; Sutherland, Sue; Goodway, Jackie
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Play Practice (PP) instruction on the performance of table tennis skills. Fifty-six college students in four intact classes were taught by two instructors using PP and Skill-focused Instruction (SI). A nonequivalent control/comparison group experimental design with pre and post measures was…
Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.
The information and activities in this guide are offered to teachers who want to assist junior high school students in developing test taking skills. The introductory sections discuss test wisdom, give advice to teachers about testing, provide tips to students on test taking skills, offer practice sheets on completing test forms, and define…
This article offers an alternative view of design education, emphasising on its introduction in kindergarten and proposing a curriculum that covers design issues for introduction in kindergarten. This approach is suited to developing creative thinking skills. In an environment where children imagine, create, practice, modify, recognise, manipulate and share knowledge, experiences and objects are crucial in design education. Early childhood education should be advanced based on basic desig...
Kleiman, Lawrence S.; Benek-Rivera, Joan
The topic of selection interviewing lends itself well to experience-based teaching methods. Instructors often teach this topic by using a two-step process. The first step consists of lecturing students on the basic principles of effective interviewing. During the second step, students apply these principles by role-playing mock interviews with…
Full Text Available Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful consideration of task purposes and of students’ roles. Based on the consideration, this paper is focused on presenting how critical thinking skills and meaning should be properly incorporated in an English lesson.
Forbes, Helen; Oprescu, Florin I; Downer, Terri; Phillips, Nicole M; McTier, Lauren; Lord, Bill; Barr, Nigel; Alla, Kristel; Bright, Peter; Dayton, Jeanne; Simbag, Vilma; Visser, Irene
Information and communications technology is influencing the delivery of education in tertiary institutions. In particular, the increased use of videos for teaching and learning clinical skills in nursing may be a promising direction to pursue, yet we need to better document the current research in this area of inquiry. The aim of this paper was to explore and document the current areas of research into the use of videos to support teaching and learning of clinical skills in nursing education. The four main areas of current and future research are effectiveness, efficiency, usage, and quality of videos as teaching and learning materials. While there is a clear need for additional research in the area, the use of videos seems to be a promising, relevant, and increasingly used instructional strategy that could enhance the quality of clinical skills education. PMID:27237353
Shahali, Edy H. M.; Halim, Lilia; Treagust, David F.; Won, Mihye; Chandrasegaran, A. L.
This study investigated the understanding of science process skills (SPS) of 329 science teachers from 52 primary schools selected by random sampling. The understanding of SPS was measured in terms of conceptual and operational aspects of SPS using an instrument called the Science Process Skills Questionnaire (SPSQ) with a Cronbach's alpha reliability of 0.88. The findings showed that the teachers' conceptual understanding of SPS was much weaker than their practical application of SPS. The teachers' understanding of SPS differed by their teaching qualifications but not so much by their teaching experience. Emphasis needs to be given to both conceptual and operational understanding of SPS during pre-service and in-service teacher education to enable science teachers to use the skills and implement inquiry-based lessons in schools.
TH!NK is a new initiative at NC State University focused on enhancing students’ higher-order cognitive skills. As part of this initiative, I explicitly emphasized critical and creative thinking in an existing bacteriophagediscovery first-year research course. In addition to the typical activities associated with undergraduate research such as review of primary literature and writing research papers, another strategy employed to enhance students’ critical thinking skills was the use of discipl...
Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between students’ learning styles and problem solving skills among students in Building Construction Course at Vocational School. This study also investigated the differences between the students’ type of learning styles and their ability to solve the problem using their creative thinking. A survey was carried out on 68 vocational students in Building Construction Course from two Vocational Schools. Felder-Soloman’s Index of Learning Styles (ILS and elements of creative thinking in problem solving for Vocational Education were the tools used in this study. Creative thinking in problem solving elements was categorized from the subject specification used in Building Construction curriculum. In brief, the ILS have five dimension; Processing, Perception, Input, Understanding and Perception. The results show that the Input style dominates the learning styles of Building Construction’s students in Vocational School and manipulating idea is the dominant creative thinking elements to solve the problem which students preferred. In conclusion, type of students’ learning styles will influence how they can cater their learning to improve their academic achievement and how they can use their creativity to solve the problem in actual situation in Building Construction work. However, learning styles are not main indicator to predict how students excellent are.
Describes a library skills program, developed as part of a student development course for college freshmen. Goals and classroom activities are described. Feedback indicated the program was effective in increasing knowledge of available resources. (JAC)
This paper reviews recent research and practice on counseling skills training. The main contents are: (1) research on microcounseling ; (2) relationships between interpersonal skills and the facilitative conditions of client-centred counseling; (3) effects (or practice) of training methods; (4) methods for measuring training effects; and (5) cognitive approaches. Also some issues for further research are considered.
Many ELT experts believe that the inclusion of critical thinking skills in English classes is necessary to improve students’ English competence. Students’ critical thinking skills will be optimally increased if meaning is prioritized in English lessons. Those two inter-related elements can be implemented when teachers do collaborative activities stimulating students’ thinking process and meaning negotiation. Yet, the realization might be counter-productive if they are applied without careful ...
Leigh Thompson; Lisa Ann Blankinship
Many undergraduate students lack a sound understanding of information literacy. The skills that comprise information literacy are particularly important when combined with scientific writing for biology majors as they are the foundation skills necessary to complete upper-division biology course assignments, better train students for research projects, and prepare students for graduate and professional education. To help undergraduate biology students develop and practice information literacy ...
Feldman, M A; Case, L.; Garrick, M; MacIntyre-Grande, W; Carnwell, J; Sparks, B
The present study identified and remediated child-care skill deficits in parents with developmental disabilities to reduce their risk of child neglect. Eleven mothers with developmental disabilities who were considered by social service and child welfare agencies to be providing neglectful child care were found in baseline to have several important child-care skill deficits (e.g., bathing, diaper rash treatment, cleaning baby bottles) compared to nonhandicapped mothers. Parent training (consi...
This article identifies some problems Chinese universities have when they offer English litera-ture as a compulsory course to advanced level English majors.One constructive approach is discussed,andsome suggestions on improving literature teaching are put forward.
Marina Vasilyevna VORONINA
Full Text Available The author examined in the paper the challenges of the teaching skill contests, the part they took in the framework of occupational training activities of the University. The author has substantiated the relevance of competitions in professional advancement of an expected-to-be expert, taking for instance participation of students of Blagoveshchensk State Teachers Training University in the Teaching Skill Contests (carried on since 2000 until 2014. The paper gave a description of the course of contestant preparation and the content of competing categories for an individual and team top ranking.
Van Nuland, Marc; Thijs, Gaby; Van Royen, Paul; Van Den Noortgate, Wim; Goedhuys, Jo
Objective: To explore the views and experiences of general practice (GP) vocational trainees regarding communication skills (CS) and the teaching and learning of these skills. METHODS: A purposive sample of second and third (final) year GP trainees took part in six focus group (FG) discussions. Transcripts were coded and analysed in accordance with a grounded theory approach by two investigators using Alas-ti software. Finally results were triangulated by means of semi-structured telephone in...
Parlindungan Sinaga; Andi Suhandi; . Liliasari
Result of field studies showed low writing skill of teachers in teaching material. The root of the problem lies in their inability on translating description of teaching material into writing. This research focused on the effectiveness of scaffolding design. The scaffolding design was tested in the selected topics of physics courses for pre-service teachers through learning to write activity approach. The treatment effectiveness was determined by considering the effect size and...
The paper deals with practical aspects of teaching English for Specific Purposes in the Nutritional Therapy bachelor degree program at the Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University in Brno. Within the IMPACT project, new study materials and teaching methods are being developed to better prepare the students to make use of the attained language knowledge and skills in their future practice or follow-up studies. The paper will discuss: (1) the value of including field-specific articles and presen...
Amani K. Gashan
The current study aimed to investigate Saudi pre-service teachers’ knowledge about the general concepts of critical thinking, as well as its skills. In addition, the study explored their perceptions about critical thinking and its teaching in classrooms with an aim to develop learning and teaching process. The study was conducted with twenty-nine male students at a teacher education program in the College of Education, King Saud University. The quantitative method was used, employing a three-...
Full Text Available This conceptual paper explores the framework of which language teaching approaches are required to integrate the recent technologies in modern English Language Teaching (ELT classes. Driven on the relevant literature of ELT and Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL, we argue that integration of language skills in a holistic way and the technology as the enabler can facilitate the learners’ obtaining the knowledge of the language and the knowledge about how to use the language appropriately in communicative situations.
Dewey, Jessica; Bento, Janet
Background: Recent interest in the teaching of thinking skills within education has led to an increase in thinking skills packages available to schools. However many of these are not based on scientific evaluation (DfEE, 1999). This paper endeavours to examine the effectiveness of one approach, that of infusion, to teaching thinking. Aims: To…
Akmanoglu, Nurgul; Yanardag, Mehmet; Batu, E. Sema
Teaching play skills is important for children with autism. The purpose of the present study was to compare effectiveness and efficiency of providing video modeling and graduated guidance together and video modeling alone for teaching role playing skills to children with autism. The study was conducted with four students. The study was conducted…
Ajjawi, Rola; Rees, Charlotte; Monrouxe, Lynn V.
Purpose: This paper aims to explore how opportunities for learning clinical skills are negotiated within bedside teaching encounters (BTEs). Bedside teaching, within the medical workplace, is considered essential for helping students develop their clinical skills. Design/methodology/approach: An audio and/or video observational study examining…
Teske, Jolene K.; Gray, Phyllis; Kuhn, Mason A.; Clausen, Courtney K.; Smith, Latisha L.; Alsubia, Sukainah A.; Ghayoorad, Maryam; Rule, Audrey C.; Schneider, Jean Suchsland
Gifted students with visual impairments are twice exceptional learners and may not evidence their advanced science aptitudes without appropriate accommodations for learning science. However, effective tactile science teaching materials may be easily made. Recent research has shown that when tactile materials are used with "all" students…
This study aims to describe the influence of contextual learning model and critical thinking ability toward argumentative writing skill on university students. The population of the research was 147 university students, and 52 university students were used as sample with multi stage sampling. The results of the research indicate that; group of…
Coyle, James P.
The ability to write well is often critical for effective work performance. Although basic writing courses provide a foundation for college and university students, discipline-specific writing tasks and methods are frequently learned indirectly. Incorporating occupational writing skills in course curriculum better prepares students for future…
Cavdar, Gamze; Doe, Sue
Traditional writing assignments often fall short in addressing problems in college students' writing as too often these assignments fail to help students develop critical thinking skills and comprehension of course content. This article reports the use of a two-part (staged) writing assignment with postscript as a strategy for improving critical…
This study aimed at developing some of the mathematical modelling skills necessary for the student teachers in mathematics education College. Modeling involves making genuine choices, modeling problems have many possible justifiable answers, modeling problems matter to the end-user who needs to understand something or make a decision. Modeling…
Ruff, Frances K.; Roberts, Jane M. E.
This paper presents a discussion of three problem areas that were delineated during the course of a field test designed to assess the effects of the "Heartsmart Adventures," an interpersonal skills curriculum developed from the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation (FIRO) Theory as described by William C. Schutz. Students and teachers…
Yeagley, Andrew A.; Porter, Sarah E. G.; Rhoten, Melissa C.; Topham, Benjamin J.
Information literacy is of paramount importance to any successful research program. Information techniques and skills should be infused throughout a student's undergraduate curriculum rather than being the focus of a single course. To this end, we have created several courses, beginning in the first year, where students review current scientific…
Cote, Debra L.; Jones, Vita L.; Barnett, Crystal; Pavelek, Karin; Nguyen, Hoang; Sparks, Shannon L.
Students with disabilities need problem-solving skills to promote their success in solving the problems of daily life. The research into problem-solving instruction has been limited for students with autism. Using a problem-solving intervention and the Self Determined Learning Model of Instruction, three elementary age students with autism were…
Joseph, Gail E.; Strain, Phillip S.
Learning how to problem solve is one of the key developmental milestones in early childhood. Children's problem-solving skills represent a key feature in the development of social competence. Problem solving allows children to stay calm during difficult situations, repair social relations quickly, and get their needs met in ways that are safe and…
Keengwe, Jared, Ed.; Mbae, Justus G., Ed.; Ngigi, Simon K., Ed.
The increasing internationalization of today's classrooms calls for learning institutions to prepare students for success in an interdependent and technologically-advanced world. Faculty who are competent in multiple 21st century skills are best equipped to engage students in curricula that are relevant, transformative, and engaging across content…
Chen, Jennifer J.; Shire, Suzanne H.
Effective communication is essential for young children's academic and social competence. During the preschool years, children acquire the language and communication skills necessary to express their needs, thoughts, and feelings in social interactions, and they learn to respond appropriately to others. Through effective communication, they also…
Alhaddad, Idrus; Kusumah, Yaya S.; Sabandar, Jozua; Dahlan, Jarnawi A.
This research aims to investigate, compare, and describe the achievement and enhancement of students' mathematical communication skills (MCS). It based on the prior mathematical knowledge (PMK) category (high, medium and low) by using Treffinger models (TM) and conventional learning (CL). This research is an experimental study with the population…
In the Fall semester of 2009, I taught a first-year course that focused on skills required to successfully complete undergraduate research. This paper will discuss the Simpson College first-year course requirements, my course goals, the graph theory topics covered, student feedback, and instructor reflection.
Reif, Frederick; Scott, Lisa A.
Discusses the development and use of Personal Assistants for Learning (PALs) computer tutorials for teaching applications of Newton's Laws. Finds that the tutorials were nearly as effective as individual tutoring by expert teachers and considerably more effective than the instruction provided in a well-taught physics class. (Contains over 30…
Ryan, Christian; Charragain, Caitriona Ni
Autism is associated with difficulty interacting with others and an impaired ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion. Previous teaching programmes have not addressed weak central coherence. Emotion recognition training focused on components of facial expressions. The training was administered in small groups ranging from 4 to 7…
This papers the result of one teacher's reflections about her teaching and uses qualitative data drawn from weekly student reflections on the class and student end of course self evaluations to illustrate her experience. Some of this material has appeared in a joint paper published with a collaborative teacher.
Snyder, Lisa Gueldenzoph; Shwom, Barbara
Most business communication classes teach students to use a writing process to compose effective documents. Students practice the process by applying it to various types of writing with various purposes-reports, presentations, bad news letters, persuasive memos, etc. However, unless students practice that process in other contexts outside of the…
Teo, Adeline; Shaw, Yun F.; Chen, Jimmy; Wang, Derek
Many English as a foreign language (EFL) students fail to be effective readers because they lack knowledge of vocabulary and appropriate reading strategies. We believe that teaching proper reading strategies can help second-language learners overcome their reading problems, especially when the instruction begins in elementary school. Effective…
Making the transition from more traditional to more interactive lecturing can be successfully achieved by applying numerous teaching techniques. To use lecture time in the most efficient way, a lecturer should first instruct students to acquire basic knowledge before coming to class. Various in-class activities then can be used to help students…
Today, with the constant development of society, information technology is also follow the development trend of The Times and progress.The emergence of representative new media has enriched the social information technology applications,at the same time, added more means of information transmission application, enriched the modern social life, study, drive the modern information technology and the development of society and progress.The emergence and development of new media, so that the students in learning and thinking, doing things in life and learning method can change,which has a great impact for the new media in working and teaching in colleges and universities in this situation.Therefore,in this paper, the general use of new media on the society and school, creative thinking of ideological and political work in colleges and universities are further explorated.%在社会不断发展的今天，信息技术也紧跟时代潮流不断地发展和进步。其具有鲜明代表性的新媒体的出现，在丰富社会信息技术应用的同时，增加了更多的信息传播应用手段，充实了现代社会生活、学习，带动了现代信息技术及社会的发展和进步。这种新媒体的出现和发展，使学生在学习和生活中的思维思考、处事能力、学习方法上都会发生变化，在这种状况下，对于新媒体在高校的工作及教学有很大冲击。就新媒体在社会及学校上的普遍应用，对于高校思想政治工作思路创新进行深一步的探究。
Preschool teachers' literacy instruction during classroom activity is important to young children's early development of literacy skills. The present study employed repeated measure ANOVAs to examine the dimensions of 42 Head Start teachers' literacy instruction (i.e., literacy content, teaching process, and lexical characteristics) during large…
AL-Salahat, Mohammad Mousa
The current study aimed to identify the impact of video modeling upon teaching three pupils with Down syndrome the skill of preparing a simple meal (sandwich), where the training was conducted in a separate classroom in schools of normal students. The training consisted of (i) watching the video of an intellectually disabled pupil, who is…
Mulvey, Bridget K.
This dissertation, a three-paper set, explored whether the process skills-based approach to nature of science instruction improves teachers' understandings, intentions to teach, and instructional practice related to the nature of science. The first paper examined the nature of science views of 53 preservice science teachers before and after a…
Koparan, Timur; Yilmaz, Gül Kaleli
The effect of simulation-based probability teaching on the prospective teachers' inference skills has been examined with this research. In line with this purpose, it has been aimed to examine the design, implementation and efficiency of a learning environment for experimental probability. Activities were built on modeling, simulation and the…
Wylie, Ken; Cummins, Brian
Part-time employment among university students has become commonplace internationally. Research has largely focused on the impact of part-time employment on academic performance. This research takes an original approach in that it poses the question whether students can acquire core skills relevant to teaching from their part-time employment. The…
Trueman, Ian; steadman, Yvonne; Vowles, Lauren
• The University is responsible for the practice preparation of student nurses. • This includes CPR and Moving & Handling training. • Academic staff find it difficult to remain skilled to the desired level for teaching students. • Charities delivering such training can enhance the quality of the student experience whilst being mutually beneficial.
Adcock, Amy B.; Duggan, Molly H.; Nelson, Elizabeth K.; Nickel, Christine
This article describes an exploratory study of two Web-based learning environments designed to teach helping skills to human service students. Participants used either an interactive pedagogical agent environment or read a helper-client script. Environments were compared and learning gains were assessed in each of the environments, along with user…
Hobson, Charles J.; Strupeck, David; Griffin, Andrea; Szostek, Jana; Rominger, Anna S.
A comprehensive educational program for teaching behavioral teamwork and team leadership skills was rigorously evaluated with 148 MBA students enrolled at an urban regional campus of a Midwestern public university. Major program components included (1) videotaped student teams in leaderless group discussion (LGD) exercises at the course beginning…
Çimen, Latife Kabakli
This study aims to investigate the prediction of the attitudes regarding teaching profession by the communication skills and professional motivation of pedagogical formation students. 261 pre-service teachers receiving pedagogical formation training Istanbul at a private university in the 2014-2015 academic year were included in the research as…
Kazemi, Ellie; Rice, Brian; Rylander, Alyssa; Morgan, Shannon F.
The various student gains and reported satisfaction with self-management projects have been well documented. However, we found that few psychology programs explicitly teach these skills. In this paper we demonstrate how self-management projects can meet nine out of the ten undergraduate student learning goals outlined by the APA Task Force (2002).…
Nitti, Joanne M.
A practicum addressed the problem of reading comprehension skills in low achieving students by monitoring their progress utilizing precision teaching. Based on referrals from classroom teachers, guidance counselors, and parents, five students ranging in ability levels from kindergarten through grade 8 were accepted into the program for one or more…
The drive to raise standards in core curriculum subjects, and the teaching of thinking skills, are both aspects of the UK government's education policy for England. This article is based on findings from a questionnaire-based research project which investigated the relationship between National Curriculum tests, which are an important element of…
Autism is a disorder that affects children at an alarming rate. One out of every 88 children is diagnosed with autism in the United States. The disorder is characterized by communication, social, and behavioral deficits. Children with autism often require specialized teaching methods to learn basic skills that most children acquire without…
Morris, Betty J.
Library media specialists need to embrace brain research and implement its findings into the teaching of information literary skills. Research in the past two decades has used imaging techniques to allow the study of brain functions when listening to music versus composing a song or when recalling a noun or verb. Imaging allows researchers to look…
Toussaint, Karen A.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.
Despite the need for braille literacy, there has been little attempt to systematically evaluate braille-instruction programs. The current study evaluated an instructive procedure for teaching early braille-reading skills with 4 school-aged children with degenerative visual impairments. Following a series of pretests, braille instruction involved…
Erdamar, Gurcu; Alpan, Gulgun
This study aims to examine the development of preservice teachers' epistemological beliefs and problem solving skills in the process of teaching practice. Participants of this descriptive study were senior students from Gazi University's Faculty of Vocational Education ("n" = 189). They completed the Epistemological Belief…
Pandya, Jessica Zacher
In this article, I critique a component of the highly structured Open Court Reading curriculum designed to teach elementary children "inquiry and higher-order thinking" skills. The intended outcome of this component is, I argue, the production of critically literate and informed consumers of information. However, both the critical thinking skills…
Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.; Niu, Lian
The authors reviewed 42 empirical studies of teaching of critical thinking skills in postsecondary education published between 1994 and 2009. The instructional intervention, test measure, and research design of the studies were analyzed. Study results suggest that: (1) the same instructional interventions can lead to different results, depending…
Ardiç, Avsar; Cavkaytar, Atilla
The purpose of this study was to determine effectiveness of a modified version of Azrin and Foxx's (1971) intensive toilet training method on teaching of toilet skills to children with autism. This method consists of administering extra fluids and a time schedule, but does not use overcorrection procedures. Implementation requires a study of…
Saavedra, Anna Rosefsky; Opfer, V. Darleen
For students to learn 21st-century skills, we will have to teach them differently than we have in the past. The outdated, transmission model, through which teachers transmit factual knowledge to students via lectures and textbooks, remains the dominant approach to compulsory education in much of the world, yet it is not the most effective way to…
Ford, Dennis; And Others
The study investigated the effects of a behavioral teaching interaction strategy on greeting, departure, and telephone skills of a 10-year-old emotionally disturbed youngster in a residential setting. The interaction included instruction, modeling, rehearsal, and reinforcement components and was found effective in increasing and maintaining the…
Schaaf, M.F. van der; Stokking, K.M.; Verloop, N.
The increased attention for teacher assessment and current educational reforms ask for procedures to develop adequate content standards. For the development of content standards on teaching research skills, a Delphi method based on stakeholders’ judgments has been designed and tested. In three round
Pineteh, Ernest A.
This article examines the contents and teaching strategies of communication skills courses at a South African higher institution: Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT). It seeks to understand why the courses have not been very responsive to increasing academic and professional challenges undergraduate students experience at this…
The aim of this study is to assess the effects that teaching visually impaired (VI) preschool children play skills has on their abilities to initialize and respond to social interactions with their typically developing (TD) peers in a reverse mainstreaming preschool class. The subjects of the study were three female VI students regularly attending…
Shim, Woo-jeong; Walczak, Kelley
Colleges and universities recognize that one of the primary goals of higher education is to promote students' ability to think critically. Using data from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education (WNS), this study examined the relationship between faculty teaching practices and the development of students' critical thinking skills,…
Joseph, Laurice M.; Alber-Morgan, Sheila; Neef, Nancy
The purpose of this article is to discuss the application of behavior analytic procedures for advancing and evaluating methods for teaching literacy skills in the classroom. Particularly, applied behavior analysis has contributed substantially to examining the relationship between teacher behavior and student literacy performance. Teacher…
Santana Arroyo, Sonia
Health professionals frequently do not possess the necessary information-seeking abilities to conduct an effective search in databases and Internet sources. Reference librarians may teach health professionals these information and technology skills through the Big6 information literacy model (Big6). This article aims to address this issue. It also…
Ferguson, Bill R.; Gillis, Jennifer M.; Sevlever, Melina
Impaired social skills represent a fundamental deficit for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Despite the potential importance of "good sportsmanship," this social skill has received relatively little attention in the literature. The current study utilized a Behavioral Skills Training (BST) approach to teach three…
Fortuin, K. P. J.; van Koppen, C. S. A.
A crucial skill for researchers in inter- and transdisciplinary environmental projects is the ability to be reflexive about knowledge and knowledge production. Few studies exist on the operationalization of reflexive skills and teaching and learning strategies that help students master these skills. This research aims to contribute in this…
Waltz, Jennifer; Dimeff, Linda A.; Koerner, Kelly; Linehan, Marsha M.; Taylor, Laura; Miller, Christopher
This study tested the feasibility of using a psychoeducational video recording to teach a behavioral skill from the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993a, 1993b) skills training program to individuals meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder. A video presenting a DBT emotion-regulation skill was developed and the extent to…
Adamson, Barbara; Covic, Tanya; Lincoln, Michelle
The present study reports on new research conducted to determine whether teaching time and organizational skills using a training package can improve these skills. The Abbreviated Time Management Indicator (ATMI) developed by Roberts et al. was used to assess time and organizational management skills. This scale consists of six dimensions, namely…
音乐鉴赏是学生综合能力的体现，是欣赏者对音乐作品的一种审美活动，通过音乐鉴赏可以为学生提供非常动听的音乐，还可以通过音乐鉴赏提高学生的创造性思维发展。本文以音乐鉴赏对培养学生的创造性思维作用作为出发点，阐述音乐鉴赏应用于学生创造性思维培养的策略。%Music appreciation is the embodiment of the students' comprehensive ability and is a kind of aesthetic activity of music appreciation work. Music appreciation can provide students with very beautiful music, and can also improve students' creative thinking development. Taking the function of music appreciation on cultivating students' creative thinking as a starting point, this paper expounds the strategy for applying music appreciation to the cultivation of students' creative thinking.
Writing is an indispensable part of English learning and it has been heavily researched. This thesis points out that it is very crucial to incorporate creative thinking into the instruction of writing and ask teachers to design writing tasks in a creative way so that students are stimulated to compose better essays.%英语写作一直是国内学生英语学习中的薄弱环节，因此不少教师和学者在这方面做了大量的探索和研究。本文试图将学生创新思维训练引入写作课堂教学中，同时教师在设计写作任务时也能发挥更大的创造力，使学生对写作产生兴趣，在作文时有话可说，言之有物。
Full Text Available Although direct observation and corrective feedback are established methods of increasing select aspects of residents’ musculoskeletal (MSK clinical skills, the evaluation and management of patients with MSK complaints remains an underemphasized part of internal medicine training. This paper reports on the development of an innovative peer-assisted learning (PAL model to teach five MSK areas (back, knee, shoulder, neck, or hip pain. Based on data from 42 participating interns and 44 senior residents from an urban US academic medical center, results from an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE demonstrate gains in both knowledge and self-reported confidence in MSK skills. Moreover, subsequent focus group results reveal a strong preference for the PAL model. In conclusion, an educational module that utilizes the OSCE format holds much promise for teaching MSK skills to both intern and senior residents.
Full Text Available This paper presents my experience in bilingual teaching, an integrated programme for geography and English language learning for upper secondary students. General geographical aspects are connected to the geography of Great Britain and that of the USA, with an attitude of raising students’ awareness on environmental issues. The topics are a framework for the development of (environmental geography-related knowledge and skills, cognitive skills and language aspects. Therefore, the paper presents various methods of teaching and assessing environmental issues in four distinct structured texts, which combine typical geographical skills (like completing a sketch or a mind map with methods used in English classes (like true/false questions. A special accent is on both the use of specific environmental vocabulary – synonyms, false friends, also anticipated grammar mistakes – as well as on discussions in class, based on cause-effect relationships between processes and phenomena.
Mairas Abd Rahman
Full Text Available Teaching can be challenging task especially when the students are categorized as reluctant readers, low self-motivated and lack of critical thinking skills. Therefore, this study focuses on a successful problem-based learning approach on university course called ‘Literature for Language Purposes' taken by Bachelor of English with Communication students at a local Malaysian university. The aim of this study is to investigate the impacts of carrying out problem-based learning in teaching literature. The project involved 55 undergraduates and part of their major course assignments was to organize and participate in an annual English language drama competition. The data was collected through students’ reflective journals, researchers’ reflective journals, response from end of semester questionnaire given and, lecturers’ evaluation on FILA tables. The findings show that problem-based learning is suitable and beneficial in teaching and enhancing critical thinking skills. Keywords: Problem-based learning, literature, drama, critical thinking
Full Text Available Information literacy represents a determining factor in the development of the information society because a society based on lifelong training cannot be imagined without an adequate information literacy. In this sense, it becomes the primordial condition of the professionalism and success of the future specialist in any domain. This is why, simultaneously to his professional training, a student must acquire habits of scientific information and his own experience related to scientific information. Information literacy skills constitute the key factor in lifelong learning, being the first step on the road towards the realization of the educational goals. In the present paper, we aim to highlight the primordial role played by information literacy in the education of any individual in the society and also the help it provides to academics in the development of their didactic skills.
Christensen, Jørgen Erik; Karhu, Markku; Christensen, Cecillia
The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) and Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences (Metropolia) started the CDIO concept in the autumn of 2008. The aim with this was to reform the B.Sc. courses to guide students to become better and more efficient engineers. The working conditions...... of a typical engineer involve many other fields than just those requiring technical skills. Interpersonal skills are becoming increasingly important, including communication, teamwork and leadership. The purpose of this paper is to describe the co-operation between DTU and Metropolia on the development....... The personal involvement aroused a negative reaction from several students at the beginning of the course however, during the one- week course the students gained a better understanding of the importance of learning how to communicate appropriately. Altogether, the four key questions dealing with the quality...
Styles, Kim; Sewell, Keith; Trinder, Peta; Marriott, Jennifer; Maher, Sheryl; Naidu, Som
Objective. To develop an authentic simulation of the professional practice dispensary context for students to develop their dispensing skills in a risk-free environment. Design. A development team used an Agile software development method to create MyDispense, a web-based simulation. Modeled on virtual learning environments elements, the software employed widely available standards-based technologies to create a virtual community pharmacy environment. Assessment. First-year pharmacy students who used the software in their tutorials, were, at the end of the second semester, surveyed on their prior dispensing experience and their perceptions of MyDispense as a tool to learn dispensing skills. Conclusion. The dispensary simulation is an effective tool for helping students develop dispensing competency and knowledge in a safe environment. PMID:26941437
Rahmasari, Brigitta Septarini
For teachers the newspaper offers a special attraction. It has been called the living textbook and it lives up to that name. The newspaper can be used to enhance skills in reading. Critical thinking is the natural outgrowth of using a newspaper to learn. Unlike textbooks, which are several years outdated by the time they get into students' hands, the newspaper comes alive with information. The newspaper expands the curriculum with an unlimited amount of information to use as background for le...
Hurst, Emily J.
As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many. To appeal to their users, many health sciences li...
Kaziyeva Assel; Shalbaeva Sholpan
The article consider usage of the interactive and informational technologies of study intended to form common and specific professional competences for the students. Nowadays the tutor must form proper competences for the future teachers, must be oriented in modern pedagogical technologies and use them in his pedagogical activity. High school tutor must know and understand core tendencies in development of interactive technologies, must be able to implement methods and methodic of teaching wi...
Tani, Go; Corrêa, Umberto Cesar; Basso, Luciano; Benda, Rodolfo Novellino; Ugrinowitsch, Herbert; Choshi, Koji
This article presents an outline of a non-equilibrium model, in which motor learning is explained as a continuous process of stabilization and adaptation. The article also shows how propositions derived from this model have been tested, and discusses possible practical implications of some supporting evidence to the teaching of motor skills. The stabilization refers to a process of functional stabilization that is achieved through negative feedback mechanisms. Initially, inconsistent and incorrect responses are gradually reduced, leading to a spatial-temporal patterning of the action. The adaptation is one in which new skills are formed from the reorganization of those already acquired through the flexibility of the system, reorganization of the skill structure, or self-organization. In order to provide learners with competency for adaptation, teachers should (a) guide students to learn motor skills taking into account that the stabilization of performance is just a transitory state that must be dismantled to achieve higher levels of complexity; (b) be clear which parts (micro) compose the skills and how they interact in order to form the whole (macro); (c) manipulate the skills in terms of their temporal, spatial, and/or spatiotemporal dimensions; (d) organize practice initially in a constant way, and then in a varied regimen (random) when the motor skills involve requirements of time and force; and, inversely for motor skills with spatial demands; and (e), provide a moderate frequency of feedback.
Epner, Daniel E; Baile, Walter F
Difficult conversations about prognosis, end of life, and goals of care arise commonly in medical oncology practice. These conversations are often highly emotional. Medical oncologists need outstanding, patient-centered communication skills to build trust and rapport with their patients and help them make well-informed decisions. Key skills include exploring patients' perspectives, responding to emotion with empathy, and maintaining mindfulness during highly charged conversations. These skills can be taught and learned. Most previously described communication skills training curricula for oncology providers involve multiday retreats, which are costly and can disrupt busy clinical schedules. Many curricula involve a variety of oncology providers, such as physicians and nurses, at various stages of their careers. The authors developed a monthly, one-hour communication skills training seminar series exclusively for physicians in their first year of medical oncology subspecialty training. The curriculum involved a variety of interactive and engaging educational methods, including sociodramatic techniques, role-play, reflective writing, and Balint-type case discussion groups. Medical oncologists in their second and third years of training served as teaching assistants and peer mentors. Learners had the opportunity to practice skills during sessions and with patients between sessions. Learners acquired important skills and found the curriculum to be clinically relevant, judging by anonymous surveys and anonymous responses on reflective writing exercises. Results from the current curriculum are preliminary but lay the foundation for enhanced and expanded communication skills training programs in the future.
DeSchryver, Michael D.; Yadav, Aman
For too long, creativity in schools has been almost solely associated with art, music, and writing classes. Now, creative thinking skills are increasingly emphasized across the disciplines. At the same time, technological progress has brought about calls for the integration of new literacies and computational thinking to prepare students as…
Leaf, Justin B.; Taubman, Mitchell; Bloomfield, Stephanie; Palos-Rafuse, Letty; Leaf, Ron; McEachin, John; Misty L. Oppenheim
This study assessed the effectiveness of a Teaching Interaction procedure for four social skills across three participants diagnosed with autism. All social skills fell into four broad domains (i.e., social-communication, play, emotion skills, and choice/selection skills). In addition, a teaching package was used to increase communication between…
Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet has changed contemporary workplace skills, resulting in a need for proficiency with specific digital, online and web-based technologies within the fields of medicine, dentistry and public health. Although younger students, generally under 30 years of age, may appear inherently comfortable with the use of technology-intensive environments and digital or online search methods, competence in information literacy among these students may be lacking. Methods This project involved the design and assessment of a research-based assignment to help first-year, graduate-level health science students to develop and integrate information literacy skills with clinical relevance. Results One cohort of dental students (n = 78 was evaluated for this project and the results demonstrate that although all students were able to provide the correct response from the content-specific, or technology-independent, portion of the assignment, more than half (54% were unable to demonstrate competence with a web-based, technology-dependent section of this assignment. No correlation was found between any demographic variable measured (gender, age, or race. Conclusion More evidence is emerging that demonstrates the need for developing curricula that integrates new knowledge and current evidence-based practices and technologies, traditionally isolated from graduate and health-care curricula, that can enhance biomedical and clinical training for students. This study provides evidence, critical for the evaluation of new practices, which can promote and facilitate the integration of information literacy into the curriculum.
White, Colette; Rodger, Matthew; Tang, Thomas
Key content- Trainees face many challenges in learning the skill set required to perform laparoscopic surgery.- The time spent in the operating room has been detrimentally impacted upon since the implementation of the European Working Time Directive. In order to address the deficit, surgical educators have looked to the benefits enjoyed in the aviation and sports industries in using simulation training.Learning objectives- To summarise the current understanding of the neuropsychological basis...
Luczynski, Kevin C; Hanley, Gregory P
We evaluated the effects of the preschool life skills program (PLS; Hanley, Heal, Tiger, & Ingvarsson, 2007) on the acquisition and maintenance of functional communication and self-control skills, as well as its effect on problem behavior, of small groups of preschoolers at risk for school failure. Six children were taught to request teacher attention, teacher assistance, and preferred materials, and to tolerate delays to and denial of those events during child-led, small-group activities. Teaching strategies included instruction, modeling, role play, and differential reinforcement. Six additional children randomly assigned to similarly sized control groups participated in small-group activities but did not experience the PLS program. Within-subject and between-groups designs showed that the PLS teaching procedures were functionally related to the improvements and maintenance of the skills and prevention of problem behavior. Stakeholder responses on a social acceptability questionnaire indicated that they were satisfied with the form of the targeted social skills, the improvements in the children's performance, and the teaching strategies.
Avargil, Shirly; Herscovitz, Orit; Dori, Yehudit Judy
For an educational reform to succeed, teachers need to adjust their perceptions to the reform's new curricula and strategies and cope with new content, as well as new teaching and assessment strategies. Developing students' scientific literacy through context-based chemistry and higher order thinking skills was the framework for establishing a new chemistry curriculum for Israeli high school students. As part of this endeavor, we developed the Taste of Chemistry module, which focuses on context-based chemistry, chemical understanding, and higher order thinking skills. Our research objectives were (a) to identify the challenges and difficulties chemistry teachers faced, as well as the advantages they found, while teaching and assessing the Taste of Chemistry module; and (b) to investigate how they coped with teaching and assessing thinking skills that include analyzing data from graphs and tables, transferring between multiple representations and, transferring between chemistry understanding levels. Research participants included eight teachers who taught the module. Research tools included interviews, classroom observations, teachers-designed students' assignments, and developers-designed students' assignments. We documented different challenges teachers had faced while teaching the module and found that the teachers developed different ways of coping with these challenges. Developing teachers' assessment knowledge (AK) was found to be the highest stage in teachers' professional growth, building on teachers' content knowledge (CK), pedagogy knowledge (PK), and pedagogical-content knowledge (PCK). We propose the use of assignments designed by teachers as an instrument for determining their professional growth.
Inquiry teaching is an important method in the implementation of quality education.It can improve the middle school student's attention of the current events,and promote their sense of social responsibility.Meanwhile,it is also an important measure to develop their ability of analyzing and solving problem,strengthen their sense of teamwork skills and creative thinking.This paper analyzes the significance of the inquiry teaching in the politics teaching of middle school.%中学政治课教学中运用探究式教学法,是实施素质教育的一个重要方法和措施,它不仅可以提高中学生对时事政治的关注,提升其社会责任感,而且能培养中学生分析问题、解决问题的能力,更有利于增强中学生的团队协作意识和创造性思维。
Full Text Available This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed in line with process and task based syllabus. While desinging the course syllabus, the aim was to develop an alternative teaching model. Therefore, the main goals were identified as improving critical reading skills, achieving student autonomy and focusing on global issues. To achieve these goals, the participants identified 5 global issues to do research and reading/writing activities on. Hence, these issues composed the syllabus and its sequence. The course work and materials were collected in personal portfolios which took the place of the coursebook and encouraged library and the Internet search and written personal reflections. Those subjects identified by the participants were terorism, great middle east project, freedom of expression, multi-lingualism/culturalism and sexism. The qualitative data gathered during and after the application and also the quantitative data and feedback collected at the end of the application provided sound findings on both the syllabus and its evaluation. In these findings, it is observable that the syllabus/teaching model encouraging the students to choose the reading texts on their own, to compose portfolios and to manage the teaching/learning process appreciated by the participants and achieved student participation and motivation.
Full Text Available This study aims to present a suggested syllabus that can set an example for process and task based syllabus applications for the teaching of reading and writing skills in a foreign language. It proposes a teaching model and the related evaluative data analysis. In the spring term of 2006-2007 academic year, 50 first year pre-service teachers at Hacettepe University, Division of English Language Teaching attended the course ‘Reading and Writing Skills II’. The course was designed in line with process and task based syllabus. While desinging the course syllabus, the aim was to develop an alternative teaching model. Therefore, the main goals were identified as improving critical reading skills, achieving student autonomy and focusing on global issues. To achieve these goals, the participants identified 5 global issues to do research and reading/writing activities on. Hence, these issues composed the syllabus and its sequence. The course work and materials were collected in personal portfolios which took the place of the coursebook and encouraged library and the Internet search and written personal reflections. Those subjects identified by the participants were terorism, great middle east project, freedom of expression, multi-lingualism/culturalism and sexism. The qualitative data gathered during and after the application and also the quantitative data and feedback collected at the end of the application provided sound findings on both the syllabus and its evaluation. In these findings, it is observable that the syllabus/teaching model encouraging the students to choose the reading texts on their own, to compose portfolios and to manage the teaching/learning process appreciated by the participants and achieved student participation and motivation.
Full Text Available Teaching reading first requires careful consideration regarding the choice of text that may yield the richest and most relevant exposure to language. Reading is most effective through a top-down approach and students must develop speed and efficiency by avoiding sub-vocalisation, focusing on key words and taking in clusters of meaning at one time. Pre-reading for gist speeds up understanding by discovery of the text’s structure and of the type of paragraph in question. Explanatory paraphrasing and context clues should be sought when difficult vocabulary is encountered. Correct answers to comprehension questions may come from an awareness of the range of distracters possible, the writer’s attitude and the focus of the question.
Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin; Tee Tze Keong
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between students’ learning styles and problem solving skills among students in Building Construction Course at Vocational School. This study also investigated the differences between the students’ type of learning styles and their ability to solve the problem using their creative thinking. A survey was carried out on 68 vocational students in Building Construction Course from two Vocational Schools. Felder-Soloman’s Index of Learning...
The aim of this paper is to discuss the conceptual framework and principles to guide knowledge mapping to foster critical and creative thinking in open content environments. We introduce knowledge mapping techniques and tools and present examples of knowledge maps applied to open learning. Then we present some principles to develop thinking skills, highlighting the importance of mapping techniques to organise knowledge. At the end of this paper, we discuss important issues required to foster...
Connor-Greene, Patricia A.; Young, Art; Paul, Catherine; Murdoch, Janice W.
Higher level thought involves both critical and creative thinking skills. Although the psychological literature is rich with research on teaching critical thinking, relatively little published work addresses ways of promoting creative thinking. In this article we describe the use of poetry writing in an abnormal psychology class to encourage…
Kubacki Angela M
Full Text Available Abstract Background This study investigated whether the introduction of professional development teaching in the first two years of a medical course improved students' observed communication skills with simulated patients. Students' observed communication skills were related to patient-centred attitudes, confidence in communicating with patients and performance in later clinical examinations. Methods Eighty-two medical students from two consecutive cohorts at a UK medical school completed two videoed consultations with a simulated patient: one at the beginning of year 1 and one at the end of year 2. Group 1 (n = 35 received a traditional pre-clinical curriculum. Group 2 (n = 47 received a curriculum that included communication skills training integrated into a 'professional development' vertical module. Videoed consultations were rated using the Evans Interview Rating Scale by communication skills tutors. A subset of 27% were double-coded. Inter-rater reliability is reported. Results Students who had received the professional development teaching achieved higher ratings for use of silence, not interrupting the patient, and keeping the discussion relevant compared to students receiving the traditional curriculum. Patient-centred attitudes were not related to observed communication. Students who were less nervous and felt they knew how to listen were rated as better communicators. Students receiving the traditional curriculum and who had been rated as better communicators when they entered medical school performed less well in the final year clinical examination. Conclusions Students receiving the professional development training showed significant improvements in certain communication skills, but students in both cohorts improved over time. The lack of a relationship between observed communication skills and patient-centred attitudes may be a reflection of students' inexperience in working with patients, resulting in 'patient-centredness' being
Petersen, Karen Bjerg
For decades foreign and second language teachers have taken advantage of the technology development and ensuing possibilities to use e-learning facilities for language training. Since the 1980s, the use of computer assisted language learning (CALL), Internet, web 2.0, and various kinds of e......-learning technology has been developed and researched comprehensively to extend predominantly communicative language teaching approaches focusing on training language skills. While international, in the 2000s the use of web 2.0 technologies in particular has been introduced for developing reading and writing skills...... in Denmark with special attention towards the development of web-based materials for Danish pronunciation. This paper sets out to introduce differences between the international and Danish use of web-based language learning and teaching. Finally, dilemmas and challenges for the use of CALL, IT, and web 2.0 in...
Lauridsen, Karen M.; Cozart, Stacey Marie
As an increasing number of higher education institutions offer degree programs taught in English, university management as well as teachers on the ground realize that while the English proficiency of faculty and students is important, there is more to it than just that; students and faculty not o...... that has attempted to address these needs by designing, piloting and revising a set of resources available online for lecturers teaching through the medium of English in multicultural university settings.......As an increasing number of higher education institutions offer degree programs taught in English, university management as well as teachers on the ground realize that while the English proficiency of faculty and students is important, there is more to it than just that; students and faculty...... not only have different first languages, they also come from different cultures, with tacit knowledge and expectations about what is expected in the multilingual and multicultural classroom in which English is the one language shared by all, and in which linguistic, cultural and educational issues all play...
Currently, efforts to improve the quality of teachers in Cambodia are underway. To contribute infor-mation that can be used in the design of interventions, this study was conducted. Focus was on deter-mining the factors that influence teaching skills. Participants were 40 urban primary school teachers inCambodia. Data were gathered by questionnaire and classroom observations. Results of the correlationanalysis showed that teacher enthusiasm, teacher punctuality, pupil behavior, relation betwe...
Critical thinking is a pervasive skill that involves scrutinizing, differentiating, and appraising information and reflecting on the information gained in order to make judgements and inform clinical decisions. Studies inform us of the need for agreement on the approaches used to teach and measure critical thinking. Nurse prescribers undertake an advanced role that encompass the need to be able to make clinically based decisions about the appropriateness of a specific medication. This require...
Pierce, K L; Schreibman, L
We investigated the efficacy of pictorial self-management to teach daily living skills to 3 low-functioning children with autism. Stimulus and response generalization, stimulus control of self-management materials, and maintenance of behavior change were also assessed. Results showed that children with autism could successfully use pictures to manage their behavior in the absence of a treatment provider, generalize their behavior across settings and tasks, and maintain behaviors at follow-up....
Van der Schaaf, M. F.; Stokking, K.M.; Verloop, N.
The increased attention for teacher assessment and current educational reforms ask for procedures to develop adequate content standards. For the development of content standards on teaching research skills, a Delphi method based on stakeholders’ judgments has been designed and tested. In three rounds, 21 stakeholders judged and revised content standards. The support for the standards increased over the rounds. The method resulted in nine content standards with a high degree of support and con...
Zencius, A H; Davis, P K; Cuvo, A J
This study evaluated the efficacy of a personalized system of instruction to teach checking account skills to persons with mild disabilities. Using a self-paced manual, 8 participants in two groups were taught to write checks, complete deposit slips, and reconcile monthly bank statements. Four participants were assessed for generalization from the classroom to community sites and demonstrated nearly perfect performance. A multiple probe design showed that acquisition occurred sequentially for...
Nwagu, Evelyn N; Ezedum, Chuks E; Nwagu, Eric K N
The rising incidence of drug abuse among youths in Nigeria is a source of concern for health educators. This study was carried out on primary six pupils to determine the effect of a Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach Drug Education Programme (MITA-DEP) on pupils' acquisition of drug refusal skills. A programme of drug education based on the Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach (MITA) was developed. An experimental group was taught using this programme while a control group was taught using the same programme but developed based on the Traditional Teaching Approach. Pupils taught with the MITA acquired more drug refusal skills than those taught with the Traditional Teaching Approach. Urban pupils taught with the MITA acquired more skills than rural pupils. There was no statistically significant difference in the mean refusal skills of male and female pupils taught with the MITA.
Nwagu, Evelyn N; Ezedum, Chuks E; Nwagu, Eric K N
The rising incidence of drug abuse among youths in Nigeria is a source of concern for health educators. This study was carried out on primary six pupils to determine the effect of a Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach Drug Education Programme (MITA-DEP) on pupils' acquisition of drug refusal skills. A programme of drug education based on the Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach (MITA) was developed. An experimental group was taught using this programme while a control group was taught using the same programme but developed based on the Traditional Teaching Approach. Pupils taught with the MITA acquired more drug refusal skills than those taught with the Traditional Teaching Approach. Urban pupils taught with the MITA acquired more skills than rural pupils. There was no statistically significant difference in the mean refusal skills of male and female pupils taught with the MITA. PMID:25288586
Full Text Available Abstract Background Development of students' teaching skills is increasingly recognised as an important component of UK undergraduate medical curricula and, in consequence, there is renewed interest in the potential benefits of cross-year peer tutoring. Whilst several studies have described the use of cross-year peer tutoring in undergraduate medical courses, its use in the clinical setting is less well reported, particularly the effects of peer tutoring on volunteer tutors' views of teachers and teaching. This study explored the effects of participation in a cross-year peer tutoring programme in clinical examination skills ('OSCE tutor' on volunteer tutors' own skills and on their attitudes towards teachers and teaching. Methods Volunteer tutors were final year MBChB students who took part in the programme as part of a Student Selected Component (SSC. Tutees were year 3 MBChB students preparing for their end of year 'OSCE' examination. Pre and post participation questionnaires, including both Likert-type and open response questions, were used. Paired data was compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. All tests were two-tailed with 5% significance level. Results Tutors reflected their cohort in terms of gender but were drawn from among the more academically successful final year students. Most had previous teaching experience. They were influenced to participate in 'OSCE tutor' by a desire to improve their own teaching and associated generic skills and by contextual factors relating to the organisation or previous experience of the OSCE tutor programme. Issues relating to longer term career aspirations were less important. After the event, tutors felt that participation had enhanced their skills in various areas, including practical teaching skills, confidence in speaking to groups and communication skills; and that as a result of taking part, they were now more likely to undertake further teacher training and to make teaching a major part
This paper critiques a number of pre-academic and readiness tasks commonly found in tests and curricula used in early childhood education in North America and Europe and frequently adopted in developing countries. Some of the tasks discussed are: putting pegs in a pegboard, reproducing bead patterns, and completing picture puzzles. Evidence is presented to challenge a number of commonly held assumptions associated with these tasks: a) that the `generic skills' acquired when children learn these tasks are prerequisite to learning higher level skills, b) that the skills acquired will generalize to the performance of more functional activities, c) that handicapped children should be taught skills corresponding to their mental age level, and d) that handicapped children in developing countries should be tested and taught skills that are frequently found in the tests and curricula of normal functioning children in North America and Europe. Although much of the evidence cited has been available for some time, it has not generally influenced testing and teaching practices in developing countries. The tragic result is that very limited economic and manpower resources are often wasted on the use of ineffective methods. The final section of the paper describes recently developed methods of conducting ecological inventories for designing ecologically valid tests and curricula of functional skills in developing countries.
S. D. Purnawan
Full Text Available Business and industrial field need workers who have not only good academic achievement but also the ability of hard skills and soft skills. In order to prepare students who have a good academic skills, hard skills, soft skills it has to be done in all subjects including chemistry expertise to integrate the competencies of Motorcycle Engineering. The research design uses One Group Pretest Posttest Design imposed on students in class XI SMK 1 Kedung TSM. Validator assessment results indicate that teaching materials developed very feasible for use in learning chemistry. The result show that the learning device by using the integrated chemistry materials can increase students understanding of the thermo chemistry material with the acquisition of N-gain is at 0.63 or in the medium category. Group of high-achieving students have the score of N-gain of 0.65, while the medium-achieving students get 0.63 and low-achieving students get 0.61, all have medium category. Percentage of students who passes the mastery learning if mastery learning (KKM > 75 or reach 87 %. The percentage of students’ soft skills in at least good criteria is at 87.10 %. Students gave positive responses 90.71 % towards the learning material that is developed.
Amos, Kate J; Bearman, Margaret; Palermo, Claire
The aim of this study was to assess the literature on teaching and assessing dental students' record-keeping skills prior to qualification to practice independently as a dentist. A systematic literature review was performed using Ovid MEDLINE and SCOPUS. Keywords used in the search included dental, record, audit, education, and assessment. Electronic search results were screened for publications that targeted undergraduate dental training, related to a record-keeping education intervention, and were published in English and available in full text. Six studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data extraction and quality assessment were performed, and research findings were compared across the included studies. These six articles addressed the techniques used to teach and assess record-keeping skills in a pre-qualification context. The techniques included supervisor audits, peer audits, lectures, tutorials, research assignments, case reports, record-keeping templates, and checklists of required record components. The use of record audit as part of teaching and evaluation dominated these articles; it was used as the assessment method in five of the six studies. All methods of record-keeping training in studies published to date were found effective in improving student record-keeping skills. However, there was insufficient evidence to determine whether certain methods were more effective than others.
Souls, Jacobus Abram
The primary aim of the study was to design a model for changing teachers' attitudes towards the value of teaching critical thinking skills. Currently, information regarding the conceptualisation of this topic is inadequate and vague. In this study the nature of the complexities involved in the management and implementation of the teaching of critical thinking skills were researched through a literature study and an empirical investigation. A model was then designed for the effective managemen...
Rowe, Michael; Frantz, Jose; Bozalek, Vivienne
Background While there is evidence to suggest that teaching practices in clinical education should include activities that more accurately reflect the real world, many educators base their teaching on transmission models that encourage the rote learning of knowledge and technical skills. Technology-mediated instruction may facilitate the development of professional attributes that go beyond “having” knowledge and skills, but there is limited evidence for how to integrate technology into these...
Choy, Doris; Lim, Kam Ming; Chong, Sylvia; Wong, Angela F L
This paper reports the cross-validation of the factor pattern of the Perceptions of Knowledge and Skills in Teaching (PKST) survey, which was used to assess the self-perceived pedagogical knowledge and skills of pre-service and beginning teachers. The sample comprised 323 pre-service teachers enrolled in a 1-yr. post-graduate teacher education program in Singapore. The survey had 37 items distributed across six scales: student learning, lesson planning, instructional support, accommodating diversity, classroom management, and care and concern. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to cross-validate the survey's factor pattern. The results showed that the model was an acceptable fit to the data. The PKST survey can thus be adapted by different teacher education programs to assess pre-service and beginning teachers' progress in developing their pedagogical knowledge and skills. PMID:22662412
Vaijayanti Nitin Gadre
Full Text Available Background and Aims: Pre-operative negative valence communications adversely affect intra and post-operative pain experience. This study was conducted to evaluate the teaching of communication skills by teachers in anaesthesia department and whether the post-operative pain is effectively modified due to the skill of communication acquired by students. Methods: All students and teachers in the department participated in the study. Patients with uncomplicated pregnancy posted for elective lower segment caesarean section were involved. Students were taught to explain the anaesthesia plan pre-operatively to the patients in a positive manner. They were taught the practice of giving positive suggestions before any potentially painful stimulus. Pre-operatively all students informed the patients about the conduct of spinal anaesthesia. The teachers evaluated the students performing spinal block. The performance was rated for procedural and interpersonal skills (direct observation of procedural skills [DOPS] and Smith and Kendall Behavioural scale [SKBS] respectively. The extent of cooperation and the ease with which spinal block could be administered correctly by the student was judged by the teacher. Post-operatively students were randomly provided questionnaires to elicit answers from patients. Results: P value DOPS and SKBS (0.567, 0.867 show no significant statistical variation. P > 0.05 = not significant, indicates no significant variation in procedural and behavioural skills of students in two groups. Conclusion: Teaching of communication skills to students showed a demonstrable effect on their pre-operative dialogue with patients. Pain mechanism was effectively modulated by improving patients′ psychology to undergo anaesthesia.
This study aimed at investigating the effect of a suggested EFL Flipped Classroom Teaching Model (EFL-FCTM) on graduate students' English higher-order thinking skills (HOTS), engagement and satisfaction. Also, it investigated the relationship between higher-order thinking skills, engagement and satisfaction. The sample comprised (67) graduate…
Ozkan, Serife Yucesoy
The purposes of this study were to (1) compare peer and self-video modeling in terms of effectiveness and efficiency in teaching first aid skills to children with intellectual disability and (2) analyze the error patterns made in probe sessions to determine whether the children who took the role of sufferers during the first aid skill sessions…
Schaaf, M.F. van der
The study aims to design and test procedures for teacher portfolio assessments. What are suitable procedures to assess teachers' competencies in developing students' research skills? We first searched into the tasks teachers have in teaching students research skills and the competencies needed to f
It is recognised that the teaching of complex psychomotor skills using online delivery is difficult without the support of either face-to-face coaching and tuition or a stereoscopic viewing system that provides users with a feel for the spatial nature of the skills being taught. To date, the limitations of bandwidth, and the high cost and…
Although science experiments are the basis of teaching science process skills (SPS), it has been observed that a large number of prospective primary teachers (PPTs), by virtue of their background, feel anxious about doing science experiments. To overcome this problem, a proposal was suggested for primary school teachers (PSTs) to teach science and…
Waters, Peadar S.; McVeigh, Terri; Kelly, Brian D; Flaherty, Gerard T; Devitt, Dara; Barry, Kevin; Kerin, Michael J.
Background The acquisition of procedural skills is an essential component of learning for medical trainees. The objective of this study was to assess which teaching method of performing urinary catheterisation is associated with most efficient procedural skill acquisition and retention. We evaluated factors affecting acquisition and retention of skills when using simulators as adjuncts to medical training. Methods Forty-two second year medical students were taught urinary catheter insertion u...
In the west music world, religious music is a inevitable historical problem. Medieval Religious music is the primary form of European and world music. Later music development around religion generates innumerable propositions, especially in modern western music creation, great attention is paid to the holy minimalism creative style.China has a different situation, thought religious elements infiltrated into music aggressively , music creation around ideology has been little sine 1949. the paper compares Chinese and western music creative thinking modes and creative needs in the different religious context, and presents that Chinese religious culture should be sublimated in music creation.%在西方音乐世界中，宗教音乐成为其不可回避的一个历史性问题。中世纪的宗教音乐成为欧洲世界音乐的原初形态，其后的音乐发展围绕宗教这一话题产生过无数命题，尤其是在西方当代音乐创作中，“神圣简约主义”的创作风格又再一次闯入音乐家的视线。中国音乐的情况有所不同，虽然古代社会，宗教因素非常强势地掺入了音乐，但1949年以来，围绕意识形态所做的音乐创作却甚为少见。文章对比中西方两种音乐的创作思维方式，对比宗教文化在不同语境下的创作需求，同时提出中国的佛教文化应该在音乐创作中得到升华。
Full Text Available Social skills are the most crucial and functional abilities for the individuals to perform the acts required by the social norms and to live effectively and independently in the society (Dağseven 2008, 1; Cartledge ve Milburn 1986, 14. In daily life, it is fairly important to teach social skills since they cover the behaviors enabling the individual to build relationships with others, satisfy the expectations of the environment where he lives, express his needs, wills, desires, preferences in an appropriate way (Putnam vd. 1996, 742; McLane 1998, 16; Allsop vd. 2000, 141; Goldstein vd. 2002, 5; Bremer ve Smith 2004, 1; Siperstein ve Rickards 2004, 76. In school environments, social skills training is of importance for the enable students to greet each other in the school bus, play with their peers, build and maintain good relationships with each other and the personnel (McLane 1998, 16. Social skills gained by the students who are mentally handicapped positively affect not only the relationships with the people around them but also the ability of orientation to the school and acceptance by their peers. Also, social skill training makes it easy to get a job, to be a member of the society and rise above the difficulties encountered in the coming years of their lives during the transition period from studentship to the adulthood (McLane 1998, 16; Goldstein vd. 2002, 5. Furthermore, the fact that the mentally retarded students gain social skills increases the school achievement by positively affecting their academic development (Gresham ve Elliot 1989, 120; Bremer ve Smith 2004, 1; Siperstein ve Rickards 2004, 76. Since the mentally handicapped students do not have social skills, it is observed that they are not socially accepted by their peers in their educational environments. Therefore, teaching social skills to the mentally retarded students in their educational environments will increase their acceptance by their peers (Gresham ve Elliot 1989
Dawson, Vaille Maree; Venville, Grady
An outcome of science education is that young people have the understandings and skills to participate in public debate and make informed decisions about science issues that influence their lives. Toulmin’s argumentation skills are emerging as an effective strategy to enhance the quality of evidence based decision making in science classrooms. In this case study, an Australian science teacher participated in a one-on-one professional learning session on argumentation before explicitly teaching argumentation skills to two year 10 classes studying genetics. Over two lessons, the teacher used whole class discussion and writing frames of two socioscientific issues to teach students about argumentation. An analysis of classroom observation field notes, audiotaped lesson transcripts, writing frames and student interviews indicate that four factors promoted student argumentation. The factors are: the role of the teacher in facilitating whole class discussion; the use of writing frames; the context of the socioscientific issue; and the role of the students. It is recommended that professional learning to promote student argumentation may need to be tailored to individual teachers and that extensive classroom based research is required to determine the impact of classroom factors on students’ argumentation.
Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to give a sample of an application that a mother delivered home-based instruction via simultaneous prompting for teaching independent toilet skill to her child with developmental disability. Simultaneous prompting (SP is one of the systematic teaching methods, and studies showing the effectiveness of this method has increased in recent years in literature. Although many studies have showed an increase in development and learning of the children with disability if the parents participate in the education of them, parent participation has been found very few in effective teaching literature. This study is a sample of an application for using SP by parents. Training processes of the study offered to the mother and used measuring instruments are reported in detail. At the end of the study, SP used by mother was caused the child has used toilet independently and he maintained this skill. It has been thought that more studies are need to be conducted by the SP delivered by parents of the children with developmental disability.
Full Text Available In this study, it was aimed that to give a sample of an application that a mother delivered home-based instruction simultaneous prompting for teaching independent toilet skill to her child with developmental disability. Simultaneous prompting (SP is one of the systematic teaching methods, and studies showing the effectiveness of this method has increased in recent years in literature. Although many studies showed an increase in individual’s development and learning if the parents of individuals affected a disability participate in the education of them, in effective teaching literature parent participation was found in very few. This study is a sample of an application for using SP by parents. Training processes of the study offered to the mother and used measuring instruments are reported in detail. At the end of the study SP used by mother was caused the child toilet independently and he maintained this skill. More studies are need to be conducted by the SP delivered by parents of the chidren with developmental disability.
Angelova, Maria; Zhao, Ying
The purpose of this study was to explore the potential of computer-mediated communication (CMC) tools to facilitate second language acquisition and develop English as a second language (ESL) teaching skills and cultural awareness. The paper describes a collaborative online project between students from China and the USA, who communicated using the…
于亮; 孙月吉; 阎楠; 林媛; 李倩; 宛思莹; 郇明明
目的:了解聋儿与正常儿童创造思维能力的差异,探讨相关因素对聋儿创造思维能力的影响.方法:在沈阳和大连两地,方便选取4所特殊教育学校,随机抽取年龄8～16周岁的听力残疾学生122名;方便选取2所普通小学和2所普通中学,随机抽取年龄8～16周岁正常听力学生122名.用新编创造思考测验和瑞文测验联合型进行测试.结果:①聋儿组的语文流畅力、语文变通力、语文独创力、图形变通力得分及IQ值均低于正常儿童组[如,IQ值(101.05±1.196)vs.(105.01±1.102),P=0.030],而图形精进力得分高于正常儿童组[(3.24±0.40)vs.(1.96±0.22),P=0.006].②聋儿语文流畅力、语文独创力均与年龄呈正相关(β=0.310,0.301;P<0.001或0.01),语文变通力与双语教育年限呈正相关(β=0.308,P<0.001),图形流畅力、图形变通力、图形独创力、图形精进力均与手语使用年限呈正相关(β=0.321,0.308,0.228,0.456;P<0.01或0.05).结论:聋儿的语文创造思维能力和图形变通力差于正常儿童,图形精进力好于正常儿童,而图形流畅力、独创力与正常儿童无差异;手语是聋儿图形创造思维能力的主要相关因素.%Objective：To explore the difference in creative thinking and the related factors between deaf children and normal children.Methods：Observation group(n=122)with the hearing disability students were selected from 4 special education schools.Control group(n=122)was come from 2 ordinary primary schools and 2 ordinary middle schools.The two groups were given both the New Creativity Test and the Combined Raven's Test.Results：(1)Deaf children got lower scores than normal children in verbal fluency[(7.76±0.75)vs.(12.98±0.59),P<0.001],verbal flexibility[(4.28±0.33)vs.(7.87±0.28),P<0.001],verbal originality [(7.16±0.89)vs.(11.35±0.72),P<0.001],figural flexibility[(9.69±0.35)vs.(11.10±0.31),P=0.003]and IQ[(101.05±1.196)vs.(105.01±1.102),P=0.030].Deaf children got
Christinaki, Eirini; Vidakis, Nikolaos; Triantafyllidis, George
. Educational interventions for teaching emotion recognition should occur as early as possible. It is argued that Serious Games can be very effective in the areas of therapy and education for children with autism. However, those computer interventions require considerable skills for interaction. Before the age...... of 6, most children with autism do not have such basic motor skills in order to manipulate a mouse or a keyboard. Our approach takes account of the specific characteristics of preschoolers with autism and their physical inabilities. By creating an educational computer game, which provides physical......Emotion recognition is essential in human communication and social interaction. Children with autism have been reported to exhibit deficits in understanding and expressing emotions. Those deficits seem to be rather permanent so intervention tools for improving those impairments are desirable...
Kersnik, Janko; Ungan, Mehmet; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika
There are only a few countries in Europe that have incorporated research skills training in specialty training programmes. In the eyes of most practising family physicians, research traditionally is a field reserved for colleagues with academic ambitions; an activity that often is not associated with the clinical practice of family medicine. However, residents became aware that research is essential to improving healthcare provision. Research in family medicine has a long tradition. Performing or taking part in research projects opens new horizons to present and future family physicians and provides support to increase their self-esteem. Consequently, this could foster future family medicine development. The authors urge the whole family physician community to raise the awareness every single family physician towards teaching and learning research skills in specialty training and basic medical education as a generic subject. PMID:26414382
The educational system is grounded in the belief that you can teach people in one setting — the school — in order that they will be able to perform in other settings outside school. The vital process of applying knowledge and skills acquired in an educational situation to working life is known...... to the transfer process solely within the specialised vocational and education and training (VET) stream in Denmark. The existence of many identical elements in both training and transfer situations is known as ‘near transfer’, and is most readily achieved when training is conducted within company premises......’; in other words, their ability to apply knowledge and skills to a broad range of situations. To adapt to frequent changes in the labour market, students need to develop general competences that will enable them to move to other jobs and other companies. Therefore the pedagogy of VET should provide...
Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Carr, James E; Lechago, Sarah A; Almason, Season M
The effects of vocal intraverbal training and listener training on the emergence of untrained categorization skills were evaluated. Five typically developing preschool children initially learned to name a number of previously unfamiliar visual stimuli. Each child then received one of two types of training. Intraverbal training involved reinforcing vocally emitted category names by the child in the presence of a spoken exemplar name. Listener training involved reinforcing the selection of visual stimuli by the child in the presence of a spoken category name. A multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of training on each child's intraverbal category naming and stimulus selection. Pre- and posttests were used to assess additional emergent relations. Four of 5 participants did not demonstrate the emergence of any untrained relations. The current findings suggest that additional research is needed to determine the optimal sequencing of conditions in programs designed to teach categorization skills.
Newman, G.; Crall, A.; Laituri, M.; Graham, J.; Stohlgren, T.; Moore, J.C.; Kodrich, K.; Holfelder, K.A.
Citizen science programs are emerging as an efficient way to increase data collection and help monitor invasive species. Effective invasive species monitoring requires rigid data quality assurances if expensive control efforts are to be guided by volunteer data. To achieve data quality, effective online training is needed to improve field skills and reach large numbers of remote sentinel volunteers critical to early detection and rapid response. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of online static and multimedia tutorials to teach citizen science volunteers (n = 54) how to identify invasive plants; establish monitoring plots; measure percent cover; and use Global Positioning System (GPS) units. Participants trained using static and multimedia tutorials provided less (p <.001) correct species identifications (63% and 67%) than did professionals (83%) across all species, but they did not differ (p =.125) between each other. However, their ability to identify conspicuous species was comparable to that of professionals. The variability in percent plant cover estimates between static (??10%) and multimedia (??13%) participants did not differ (p =.86 and.08, respectively) from those of professionals (??9%). Trained volunteers struggled with plot setup and GPS skills. Overall, the online approach used did not influence conferred field skills and abilities. Traditional or multimedia online training augmented with more rigorous, repeated, and hands-on, in-person training in specialized skills required for more difficult tasks will likely improve volunteer abilities, data quality, and overall program effectiveness. ?? Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Currently, the new curriculum reform calls creative talents and creative thinking abilities. This article based on the idea of new curriculum reform and reality of studying history of vocational colleges students. The article does some beneficial exploration on how to cultivate history creative thinking ability from the following several aspects, such as advocate questioned, multi -angle questions, set up situation, break mind -set, understand textbooks, activate the divergent thinking, inductive combination and guide inspiration to spurt.%目前的新课改呼唤创造型人才,呼吁创造性思维能力的培养.本文结合新课改理念与高职院校学生历史学习的实际,从倡导质疑,多角度提问;创设情境,打破思维定势;感知教材,激活发散思维;归纳解合,引导灵感迸发几方面对如何培养历史创造性思维能力作些有益的探索.
我国动漫产业发展的瓶颈是创意能力缺失，创意能力形成的核心是创意思维能力的培养。动漫教育应从前期策划创意、文学剧本创意、动漫形象创意、表达形式创意等环节进行动漫创意思维能力的培养，使创意思维能力培养贯穿于动漫教育全过程。%The bottleneck of Chinese animation industry development is the lack of creative ability, the core of forming creative ability is the cultivation of creative thinking ability. We should cultivate animation creative thinking ability throughout the whole process of animation education, from creative planning in early stage, creative Literary scenario, creative animarion image to creative forms of expression.
With the development of the society, especially with China's entry into WTO,English is badly needed in various fields. English learning has been a fashion not only in college, but also in the society. However. how to let the students learn English in an efficient and interesting way is still a hard nut to those teachers. At present, the knowledge in the textbooks is so limited and impractical, trying to use other materials maybe a useful way to solve this problem to some extent. With my ten-years teaching experiences in college, I've found that using English newspaper or magazine articles to teach English language skills is a very good way, for their uses of language is very up-to-date and attractive. This article is discussing this method in details
This article describes a unique course design to teach critical thinking skills to students in formal academic degree programs preparing to become healthcare administrators. The course and its experimental design were motivated by several factors. First, intelligent and competent problem solving and decision making, most would agree, are directly dependent on critical thinking proficiency. Therefore, elevating students' critical-thinking competence will inherently improve their problem-solving and decision-making ability. Second, problem solving and decision making consumes the majority of an administrator's time. And finally, a review of AUPHA's catalog descriptions of healthcare graduate curriculums listrelatively few critical-thinking courses compared to the time administrators devote to it.
Nikolopoulos, Chris; Kuester, Deitra; Sheehan, Mark; Dhanya, Sneha
This paper reports on some of the robotic platforms used in the project AUROSO which investigates the use of robots as educationally useful interventions to improve social interactions for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Our approach to treatment uses an educational intervention based on Socially Assistive Robotics (SAR), the DIR/Floortime intervention model and social script/stories. Requirements are established and a variety of robotic models/platforms were investigated as to the feasibility of an economical, practical and efficient means of helping teach social skills to individuals with ASD for use by teachers, families, service providers and other community organizations.
Reading skill as the basic learning capacity in English language acquisition stands a vital position. While more and more concern on students' personal cognition and cultural impact leads to the coming of a new era of revolution in English language teaching. Knowledge construction theory emphasizing the student-centered approaches provides the effective ways of learning strategies such as the sharing of students' ex-perience and context-based learning mode. On the other hand, some shortcomings of such principle still exist and will be evaluated in the following of this essay.
Full Text Available Result of field studies showed low writing skill of teachers in teaching material. The root of the problem lies in their inability on translating description of teaching material into writing. This research focused on the effectiveness of scaffolding design. The scaffolding design was tested in the selected topics of physics courses for pre-service teachers through learning to write activity approach. The treatment effectiveness was determined by considering the effect size and normalized gain percentage, while the hypothesis was tested using “the Kruskal-Wallis test”. The research results showed that scaffolding between the stages of planning and translating plans into text was effective in improving pre-service physics teachers’ ability of writing physics teaching materials and was similarly effective in improving their conceptual understanding of the topics of electromagnetism, waves, and optics. Learning to write activity implemented in the course of physics with selected topics was effective in improving the ability of pre-service teachers in translating among different modes of representation and making multiple concept representations. The hypothesis test demonstrated that there was a significant difference in the abilities of writing teaching materials and conceptual understanding between experimental and control classes.
Parsons, M B; Reid, D H
We evaluated procedures for training supervisors in a residential setting to provide feedback for maintaining direct-service staff members ' teaching skills with people who have severe disabilities. Using classroom-based instruction and on-the-job observation and feedback, 10 supervisors were initially trained to implement teaching programs themselves. The training improved supervisors' teaching skills but was insufficient to improve the quality of feedback they provided to direct-service staff regarding the staff members' teaching skills. Subsequently, classroom-based instruction and on-the-job observation and feedback that targeted supervisors' feedback skills were provided. Following training in provision of feedback, all supervisors met criterion for providing feedback to their staff. Results also indicated that maintenance of teaching skills was greater for direct-service staff whose supervisors had received training in providing feedback relative to staff whose supervisors had not received such training. The need for analysis of other variables that affect maintenance of staff performance, as well as variables that affect other important areas of supervisor performance, is discussed.
创新教育是以创新思维的激发为实施手段,以培养学生的创新意识,创新精神和基本创新能力,促进学生和谐发展为主要特征的素质教育。本文浅谈创新能力的构建方式。%Innovative education based on the excitation of the innovative thinking of the means of implementation in order to cultivate students ＇sense of innovation,innovative spirit and ability to innovate,and to promote students＇ harmonious development of quality education as the main feature.This article On the innovation ability.
V Kasamara; Sorokina, A.
The authors suggest a non conventional technique of teaching political science. The idea is to use fi ction in the study of basic topics of political science. The main purpose of this technique is to develop the creative thinking in students, to teach them to form their own defi nitions of political processes under the way, to analyze the causal connections between them, and to fi nd non-standard solutions for problems of diff erent complexity. To illustrate the use of the technique, the auth...
Ротарь, Ольга Васильевна
The possibility of applying the method in the study of the project of any disciplines. Found that students can gain new abilities, skills and experience. Project execution enables creative thinking, teaches independence.
Debora Tri Ragawanti
Full Text Available Classroom management is commonly believed to be the key to the success of an instruction. Many student teachers, however, might find it very challenging to handle their classrooms. It is, therefore, necessary to advance their professional practice in the context of a real classroom such as through teaching practicum and reflective practice. This study is aimed at identifying classroom management problems of student-teachers as revealed in their reflective journal entries and to demonstrate how such journal can help them develop their classroom management skills. The participants were 10 student-teachers of the English Department, Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga, Central Java, who underwent their teaching practicum at SMP 2 Salatiga. Through the participants’ journals, it was found that the problems lie in managing critical moments, activity, techniques, grouping and seating, authority, tools, and working with people. Further in this study, both pre- and in-service tertiary teachers, curriculum designers, and policy makers will be taken to deeply examine how reflective practice can help cultivate the pre-service’s classroom management skills and to consider the implication for pedagogical practices and innovations in curriculum development.
Mulvey, Bridget K.
This dissertation, a three-paper set, explored whether the process skills-based approach to nature of science instruction improves teachers' understandings, intentions to teach, and instructional practice related to the nature of science. The first paper examined the nature of science views of 53 preservice science teachers before and after a year of secondary science methods instruction that incorporated the process skills-based approach. Data consisted of each participant's written and interview responses to the Views of the Nature of Science (VNOS) questionnaire. Systematic data analysis led to the conclusion that participants exhibited statistically significant and practically meaningful improvements in their nature of science views and viewed teaching the nature of science as essential to their future instruction. The second and third papers assessed the outcomes of the process skills-based approach with 25 inservice middle school science teachers. For the second paper, she collected and analyzed participants' VNOS and interview responses before, after, and 10 months after a 6-day summer professional development. Long-term retention of more aligned nature of science views underpins teachers' ability to teach aligned conceptions to their students yet it is rarely examined. Participants substantially improved their nature of science views after the professional development, retained those views over 10 months, and attributed their more aligned understandings to the course. The third paper addressed these participants' instructional practices based on participant-created video reflections of their nature of science and inquiry instruction. Two participant interviews and class notes also were analyzed via a constant comparative approach to ascertain if, how, and why the teachers explicitly integrated the nature of science into their instruction. The participants recognized the process skills-based approach as instrumental in the facilitation of their improved
Full Text Available It is of great importance and practical value to explore the connotation, the value and the implementing methods under the condition of digital teaching resources . This kind of teaching style is helpful to accelerate role transformation of the teachers, the construction of a new teaching mode, the students' learning style, and the cultivation of the students' creative thinking. We hope to promote the common development of teachers and students, and vigorously promote the reform of education and teaching to a higher level by putting this teaching style into practice.
Terry, David Richard
The purpose of this study was to examine general and domain-specific critical thinking skills in college students, particularly ways in which these skills might be increased through the use of the case study method of teaching. General critical thinking skills were measured using the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) Short Form, a forty-item paper-and-pencil test designed to measure important abilities involved in critical thinking, including inference, recognition of assumptions, deduction, interpretation, and evaluation of arguments. The ability to identify claims and support those claims with evidence is also an important aspect of critical thinking. I developed a new instrument, the Claim and Evidence Assessment Tool (CEAT), to measure these skills in a domain-specific manner. Forty undergraduate students in a general science course for non-science majors at a small two-year college in the northeastern United States experienced positive changes in general critical thinking according to results obtained using the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA). In addition, the students showed cumulative improvement in their ability to identify claims and evidence, as measured by the Claim and Evidence Assessment Tool (CEAT). Mean score on the WGCTA improved from 22.15 +/- 4.59 to 23.48 +/- 4.24 (out of 40), and the mean CEAT score increased from 14.98 +/- 3.28 to 16.20 +/- 3.08 (out of 24). These increases were modest but statistically and educationally significant. No differences in claim and evidence identification were found between students who learned about specific biology topics using the case study method of instruction and those who were engaged in more traditional instruction, and the students' ability to identify claims and evidence and their factual knowledge showed little if any correlation. The results of this research were inconclusive regarding whether or not the case study teaching method promotes college students' general or
In face of the rapid changes in China’s English envi-ronment,the Ministry of Education has issued College English Curricu-lum Requirements as guidelines for English instruction to non-English major students.In order to meet these requirements,local colleges and universities should first set their goals for the teaching of listening skills and try to improve the teaching from four aspects.That is,to help students lay a solid foundation of English,including pronunciation (sounds,stress,intonation),grammar,vocabulary and everyday ex-pressions,strengthen their knowledge of cultural background,master basic listening skills and form good listening habits.
Van der Schaaf, M. F.
The study aims to design and test procedures for teacher portfolio assessments. What are suitable procedures to assess teachers' competencies in developing students' research skills? We first searched into the tasks teachers have in teaching students research skills and the competencies needed to fulfill these tasks. For the development of assessment criteria, a delphi method based on stakeholders' judgments has been designed and tested. In three rounds, 21 stakeholders judged and revised cri...
Stella Williams; Bidyadhar Sa; Paula Nunes; Keith Stevenson
Objectives: This paper reports first year Caribbean medical students' preferred and least preferred Communication Skills teaching styles. It also reports their views on assessment and what qualities they valued in a good Communication Skills teacher. Methods: Questionnaires were administered to first year students at the end of Semester One and the data compared with the results of a study using the same questionnaire format in the UK. Results: Caribbean medical students favoured interactive ...
Istiqlaliah Nurul Hidayati
Full Text Available Abstract: The debate over the use of Bahasa Indonesia and English has been an unsolved issue. Some teachers still lack confidence in using Bahasa Indonesia in their teaching to promote classroom interaction. Classroom interaction is important since the more engaged the students are, the more successful the material delivery will be. Hence this study was aimed at finding out whether or not teacher’s use of Bahasa Indonesia in teaching receptive skills of language and grammar contributes to classroom interaction and investigating the benefits of the use of Bahasa Indonesia in EFL classes as perceived by the teachers and the students. Six classes of different majors and six English lecturers from a polytechnic in Bandung participated in the study. The data were collected through questionnaires, interview, and classroom observation. The findings support the idea that teachers’ use of Bahasa Indonesia judiciously promotes classroom interaction. Both students and teachers found the benefits of the use of Bahasa Indonesia in the classroom only when it was needed. However, some teachers still overused Bahasa Indonesia in the EFL classrooms. Keywords: teachers and students’ perceptions, classroom interaction, English (L2, Bahasa Indonesia (L1, English as a Foreign Language Teaching
Full Text Available Background: Critical appraisal skills allow surgeons to evaluate the literature in an objective and structured manner, with emphasis on the validity of the evidence. The development of skills in critical acquisition and appraisal of the literature is crucial to delivering quality surgical care. It is also widely accepted that journal clubs are a time-honored educational paradigm for teaching and development of critical appraisal skills. The aim of this study is to determine the perceived role of journal clubs in teaching critical appraisal skills amongst the surgical trainees in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The West African College of Surgeons and the National Postgraduate College of Nigeria have mandated that all residency programs teach and assess the ability to develop critical appraisal skills when reviewing the scientific literature. Residents at the revision course of the West African College of Surgeons in September 2012 evaluated the role of journal clubs in teaching critical appraisal skills using a 17-item questionnaire. The questionnaire addressed four areas: Format, teaching and development of critical appraisal s kills, and evaluation. Results: Most of the journal clubs meet weekly [39 (59%] or monthly [25 (38%]. Thirty-nine residents (59% perceived the teaching model employed in the development of critical appraisal skills in their institutions was best characterized by "discussion/summary by consultants" and "emphasis on formal suggestion for improvement in research." Rating the importance of development of critical appraisal skills to the objectives of the residency program and practice of evidence-based medicine, majority of the residents [65 (98%] felt it was "very important." The commonest form of feedback was verbal from the consultants and residents [50 (76%]. Conclusion: The perceived importance of journal clubs to the development of critical appraisal skills was rated as very important by the residents. However
Library Graduate Teaching Assistants (LGTAs) are crucial to the smooth running of undergraduate teaching laboratories; however, they are oftentimes exiled to superficial duties such as enforcing health and safety and procedural instruction. The aim of this intrinsic case study, carried out in an Irish higher education institution, was to characterise the support required by LGTAs to develop the key pedagogical skills that would assist then in effectively demonstrating undergraduate science te...
Full Text Available Objectives: This paper reports first year Caribbean medical students' preferred and least preferred Communication Skills teaching styles. It also reports their views on assessment and what qualities they valued in a good Communication Skills teacher. Methods: Questionnaires were administered to first year students at the end of Semester One and the data compared with the results of a study using the same questionnaire format in the UK. Results: Caribbean medical students favoured interactive lectures with opportunities for discussion over the didactic formal lecture. The least preferred modes of teaching selected were private study, formal lecture, role play and student presentations. The qualities that students rated highly in their Communication Skills teachers were being a skilled teacher and being knowledgeable and approachable. The preferred assessment style was a 50-50 balance between coursework and exam. Conclusions: First year medical students in the Caribbean studying Communication Skills preferred interactive lectures with opportunities for discussion. Their explanations indicated that interactive lectures provided more stimulation allowing opportunities for learning and greater retention of information. Students also found small group discussions with constructive feedback helpful in developing their own communication skills. Other international faculty may find this approach of establishing students' preferences for teaching style useful in planning their curriculum delivery.
Tofade, Toyin; Elsner, Jamie; Haines, Stuart T.
Questions have long been used as a teaching tool by teachers and preceptors to assess students’ knowledge, promote comprehension, and stimulate critical thinking. Well-crafted questions lead to new insights, generate discussion, and promote the comprehensive exploration of subject matter. Poorly constructed questions can stifle learning by creating confusion, intimidating students, and limiting creative thinking. Teachers most often ask lower-order, convergent questions that rely on students’...
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a parent training program teaching self-care and domestic skills to children with mental retardation. The study was conducted with three mothers, their children and classroom teachers. Multiple probe across behaviors design was used. Experimental procedure consisted of three meetings…
何光志; 田维毅; 王平; 梁建东; 王文佳; 韩洁
The teaching-research activities should be combined with the current situation of the subject, constantly perfected system for teaching-research activities, provided content-rich professional development. It be encouraged and supported for reflection in teaching practice problems, increased the depth of the teaching-research content based on the subject of the modern technology-oriented, improved teachers' knowledge structure, teachers' attitudes and teaching ability of course construction, developed the curriculum resources consciousness and enhanced the teaching level. It be carried out effectively teaching-research activities and improved the teaching skills in the teaching and research office.%教研活动应结合本学科实际情况，不断完善教研活动制度，丰富教研内容；鼓励与支持老师对教学实践中存在的问题进行反思；借助本学科当代领先科学技术，提高教研深度；改善教师的知识结构、教学情感和课程建设能力；开发课程资源内涵提升教研层次。教研室切实有效开展教研活动，提高教师教学技能。
微格教学是建立在现代教育教学理论和视听技术基础上,借助于摄录像设备系统培训师范生和在职教师掌握教学技能的一种高效率和高质量的训练方法.用微格教学方法来训练教学技能,与传统的教师培训方法相比,在教学技能训练中占有优势,它是目前训练师范生和在职教师掌握和提高教学技能最实效的方法.%Micro-teaching is a kind of training method with high efficiency and quality. It is based on modem educational theory and audio-visual technology, using the system of video recording equipment to train teaching skills of normal students and teachers. Compared with traditional teacher-training methods, micro-teaching has more advantages in training teaching skills, so at present for normal students and teachers, it is the most effective method of mastering and improving their teaching skills.
O'Malley, Deirdre; Fleming, Sandra
This paper explored how I, as a novice midwife educator in a Higher Education Institution, utilised my reflections on the preparation, delivery and evaluation of a lecture to develop my teaching skills. My personal teaching and learning philosophy was informed by humanism. Reflecting on my teaching and learning philosophy, and the teaching and learning theories that guided the session, enabled me to identify aspects of my teaching that required further development. Similarly, the process permitted me to recognise positive aspects that I could take forward and build upon in my professional development as an educator. The key learning for me as a novice educator is outlined, with an emphasis placed on preparation and strategic question formulation.
Full Text Available In 2001 a small Australian university implement particular intervention strategies designed to improvespecific educational outcomes in its accounting degree program. These outcomes mirrored the three coreareas of the Graduate Careers Council of Australia’s Course Experience Questionnaire: (1 good teaching,(2 overall satisfaction, and (3 generic skills. Five areas were identified for intervention: (1 the effectiveallocation of full-time staff, (2 the effective use of sessional staff, (3 greater commitment by sessional staff,(4 the introduction of common subject outlines, and (5 the proactive response to student evaluations. Theresults indicate a statistically significant improvement in 2003 in the three core areas, supporting theargument that improving student satisfaction with their educational experience will improve studentoutcomes. A similar, but less significant, improvement of grades in the three final year accounting subjectswas identified. Suggestions for the decline from 2004 are also explored.
Christinaki, Eirini; Triantafyllidis, Georgios; Vidakis, Nikolaos
. Such abilities are beyond very young children with autism as they have major restriction in their ability to interact with computers. Our approach takes account of the specific characteristics of preschoolers with autism and their physical inabilities. By creating an educational computer game which provides......The recognition of facial expressions is important for the perception of emotions. Understanding emotions is essential in human communication and social interaction. Children with autism have been reported to exhibit deficits in the recognition of affective expressions. With the appropriate...... intervention, elimination of those deficits can be achieved. Interventions are proposed to start as early as possible. Computer-based programs have been widely used with success to teach people with autism to recognize emotions. However, those computer interventions require considerable skills for interaction...
Yeferson Romaña Correa
Full Text Available This article presents the results of a research project on the teaching and learning of English through the use of Skype™ conference calls. The research was carried out with a group of 12 English as a foreign language adult learners in the language institute of Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá, Colombia. The findings of this study suggest that Skype™ conference calls might be considered as an influential computer-mediated communication tool in order to promote English as a foreign language adult A1 learners’ speaking skill, especially for social interaction purposes and oral reinforcement of both language fluency and course contents outside of classroom settings.
The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the effectiveness and necessity of managing the teaching of critical thinking skills in English Home Language to second language speakers in the Further Education and Training phase, by focusing on critical thinking skills; classroom management; management skills of professional teachers; the relationship between teaching and management; guidelines for effective classroom management; the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12; the Na...
Córdoba Zúñiga, Eulices
This article reports the findings of a qualitative research study conducted with six first semester students of an English as a foreign language program in a public university in Colombia. The aim of the study was to implement task-based language teaching as a way to integrate language skills and help learners to improve their communicative…
Pennington, Robert C.; Collins, Belva C.; Stenhoff, Donald M.; Turner, Kennedy; Gunselman, Karen
Despite the importance of written expression to the lives of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), there is limited research on teaching writing skills to this population. In the current study, we used a multiple probe across behaviors design to evaluate the effects of simultaneous prompting (SP) and computer-assisted instruction (CAI)…
The aim of this study was to evaluate pre-service Turkish teachers' skills and opinions regarding preparation of worksheets to teach Turkish to foreigners. For this purpose, the case study, which is one of the qualitative research methods, was used. A total of 50 Pre-Service Turkish Teachers at Ataturk University were selected as the study group…