WorldWideScience

Sample records for teachers increasingly takes

  1. Teachers Taking Professional Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Normore, Anthony H.; Floyd, Andrea

    2005-01-01

    Preservice teachers get their first teaching position hoping to take the first step toward becoming professional educators and expecting support from experienced colleagues and administrators, who often serve as their mentors. In this article, the authors present the story of Kristine (a pseudonym), who works at a middle school in a large U.S.…

  2. Taking Teachers Seriously.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wharton, Clifton R., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    The importance of appropriate compensation and employment security for college faculty is discussed, in light of the declining purchasing power and wages for teachers and the erosion of benefits and pension prospects. From 1970 to 1985, the national average faculty salary, adjusted for inflation, fell 15.1%. Regardless of personal commitments and…

  3. Ego depletion increases risk-taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Peter; Kastenmüller, Andreas; Asal, Kathrin

    2012-01-01

    We investigated how the availability of self-control resources affects risk-taking inclinations and behaviors. We proposed that risk-taking often occurs from suboptimal decision processes and heuristic information processing (e.g., when a smoker suppresses or neglects information about the health risks of smoking). Research revealed that depleted self-regulation resources are associated with reduced intellectual performance and reduced abilities to regulate spontaneous and automatic responses (e.g., control aggressive responses in the face of frustration). The present studies transferred these ideas to the area of risk-taking. We propose that risk-taking is increased when individuals find themselves in a state of reduced cognitive self-control resources (ego-depletion). Four studies supported these ideas. In Study 1, ego-depleted participants reported higher levels of sensation seeking than non-depleted participants. In Study 2, ego-depleted participants showed higher levels of risk-tolerance in critical road traffic situations than non-depleted participants. In Study 3, we ruled out two alternative explanations for these results: neither cognitive load nor feelings of anger mediated the effect of ego-depletion on risk-taking. Finally, Study 4 clarified the underlying psychological process: ego-depleted participants feel more cognitively exhausted than non-depleted participants and thus are more willing to take risks. Discussion focuses on the theoretical and practical implications of these findings. PMID:22931000

  4. Teaching Efficacy, Innovation, School Culture and Teacher Risk Taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Margaret Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation is an exploratory study of teacher risk taking. The risk-taking literature in education and other types of organizations is lacking in studies exploring the concept of healthy risk taking and how that risk taking is related to other concepts such as organizational culture, innovation, and efficacy. The purpose of this study was…

  5. Taking Teacher Quality Seriously: A Collaborative Approach to Teacher Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Stan

    2012-01-01

    If narrow, test-based evaluation of teachers is unfair, unreliable, and has negative effects on kids, classrooms, and curricula, what's a better approach? By demonizing teachers and unions, and sharply polarizing the education debate, the corporate reform movement has actually undermined serious efforts to improve teacher quality and evaluation.…

  6. Perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in intergroup contact.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia S Wang

    Full Text Available The current research explored whether perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in contact with stereotyped outgroup members. Across three studies, we find that perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in contact with negatively-stereotyped targets. In Study 1, perspective-takers sat closer to, whereas stereotype suppressors sat further from, a hooligan compared to control participants. In Study 2, individual differences in perspective-taking tendencies predicted individuals' willingness to engage in contact with a hooligan, having effects above and beyond those of empathic concern. Finally, Study 3 demonstrated that perspective-taking's effects on intergroup contact extend to the target's group (i.e., another homeless man, but not to other outgroups (i.e., a man of African descent. Consistent with other perspective-taking research, our findings show that perspective-taking facilitates the creation of social bonds by increasing contact with stereotyped outgroup members.

  7. Going Beyond Test-Taking Strategies: Building Self-Regulated Students and Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Swarts Gray

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the inception of No Child Left Behind (NCLB, standardized tests have been on the minds of students, parents, and educators, who are consistently concerned with how to increase test scores. In this article, the authors suggest that it is time to look beyond tests to enable willing, focused, and persistent - that is self-regulated - students and teachers. Self-regulated students and teachers take control of their learning, set goals, monitor progress, reflect on outcomes, are intrinsically motivated to learn, and demonstrate higher levels of achievement (Harter, 1996; Markman, 1979; Mason, Snyder, Sukhram, & Kedem, 2006; Perry, Nordby, & VandeKamp, 2003; Zimmerman, 2000, 2002. Supporting such self-regulation not only promotes more independent, competent, and motivated students and teachers, but is also likely to raise test scores (Paris & Paris, 2001. The authors suggest specific strategies for, and benefits of, the development of self-regulation in both students and teachers.

  8. Increased Risk Taking in Relation to Chronic Stress in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceccato, Smarandita; Kudielka, Brigitte M.; Schwieren, Christiane

    2016-01-01

    Chronic stress is a public health problem that affects a significant part of the population. While the physiological damage it causes is under ongoing scrutiny, its behavioral effects have been overlooked. This is one of the first studies to examine the relation between chronic stress and decision-making, using a standard lottery paradigm. We measured risk taking in the gain domain through binary choices between financially incentivized lotteries. We then measured self-reported chronic stress with the Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress (TICS). We additionally collected hair samples in a subsample of volunteers, in order to quantify accumulation of the stress hormone cortisol. We discovered a significant positive, though modest, correlation between self-reported chronic stress and risk taking that is stronger for women than for men. This confirms part of the findings in acute stress research that show a connection between higher stress and increased risk taking. However, unlike the biologically-based results from acute stress research, we did not identify a significant relation between hair cortisol and behavior. In line with previous literature, we found a clear gender difference in risk taking and self-reports: women generally take less risk and report slightly higher stress levels than men. We conclude that perceived chronic stress can impact behavior in risky situations. PMID:26858663

  9. Increase of campaign attractiveness and taking advantage of online trends

    OpenAIRE

    Braga, Carolina

    2016-01-01

    This document is based on a master’s thesis work project conducted by Nova SBE students to help the leading Portuguese telecom provider MEO increase its digital campaign’s attractiveness and to take better advantage of the new online trends. Recommendations are given based on primary research in the form of a focus group and a survey questionnaire launched online. Subjects such as digital marketing channels, high-impact digital advertisement formats, campaign content and the emergence of new ...

  10. Taking One's Principles Seriously: A Teacher Confronts Controversy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hare, William

    2010-01-01

    A teacher faces hostility from certain colleagues who view his decision to attend a controversial lecture as tantamount to the repudiation of the principle of inclusive education and the rights of students with disabilities. The teacher sees the proposed boycott of the lecture as a form of censorship threatening freedom of inquiry and critical…

  11. “I'm Riskin' It”: Teachers Take on Consumerism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harste, Jerome C.; Albers, Peggy

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study investigates how 90 teachers explored critical curriculum through their reading, analysis and creation of counter advertisements. Located in visual discourse analysis, we designed a study to investigate the question "To what extent can teachers engaged in a critical literacy curriculum talk back to messages of consumerism,…

  12. Rare disaster information can increase risk-taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, Ben R.; Rakow, Tim; Yechiam, Eldad; Sambur, Michael

    2016-02-01

    The recent increase in the frequency and impact of natural disasters highlights the need to provide the public with accurate information concerning disaster prevalence. Most approaches to this problem assume that providing summaries of the nature and scale of disasters will lead people to reduce their exposure to risk. Here we present experimental evidence that such ex post `news reports’ of disaster occurrences can increase the tolerance for risk-taking (which implies that rare events are underweighted). This result is robust across several hundred rounds of choices in a simulated microworld, persists even when the long-run expected value of risky choices is substantially lower than safe choices, and is contingent on providing risk information about disasters that have been (personally) experienced and those that have been avoided (`forgone’ outcomes). The results suggest that augmenting personal experience with information summaries of the number of adverse events (for example, storms, floods) in different regions may, paradoxically, increase the appeal of a disaster-prone region. This finding implies a need to communicate long-term trends in severe climatic events, thereby reinforcing the accumulation of events, and the increase in their associated risks, across time.

  13. Teacher Research Programs = Increased Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubner, J.

    2011-12-01

    Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers (SRP), founded in 1990, is one of the largest, best known university professional development programs for science teachers in the U.S. For eight weeks in each of two consecutive summers, teachers participate as a member of a research team, led by a member of Columbia University's research faculty. In addition to the laboratory experience, all teachers meet weekly during the summer for a series of pedagogical activities to assist them in transferring the experience to their classrooms. The primary goal of the program is to provide K-12 science teachers with opportunities to work at the cutting edge of science and engineering, and thus to revitalize their teaching and help them to appreciate the use of inquiry-based methods in their classroom instruction. The secondary goals of the program are to give the pre-college teacher the ability to guide their students toward careers in science and engineering, to develop new teaching strategies, and to foster long-term scholarly collaborations. The last is especially important as it leads to a model of the teacher as active in science yet committed to the pre-college classroom. Since its inception, SRP has focused on an objective assessment of the program's impact on attitudes and instructional practices of participating teachers, on the performance of these teachers in their mentors' laboratories, and most importantly, on the impact of their participation in the program has on student interest and performance in science. Our research resulted in a paper published in the journal Science. SRP also facilitates a multi-site survey-based evaluation of other teacher research programs around the country. The author will present the findings of both studies.

  14. Virtual driving and risk taking: do racing games increase risk-taking cognitions, affect, and behaviors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Peter; Kubitzki, Jörg; Guter, Stephanie; Frey, Dieter

    2007-03-01

    Research has consistently shown that aggressive video console and PC games elicit aggressive cognitions, affect, and behaviors. Despite the increasing popularity of racing (driving) games, nothing is known about the psychological impact of this genre. This study investigated whether playing racing games affects cognitions, affect, and behaviors that can promote risk taking in actual road traffic situations. In Study 1, the authors found that the frequency of playing racing games was positively associated with competitive driving, obtrusive driving, and car accidents; a negative association with cautious driving was observed. To determine cause and effect, in Study 2, the authors manipulated whether participants played 1 of 3 racing games or 1 of 3 neutral games. Participants who played a racing game subsequently reported a higher accessibility of cognitions and affect positively associated with risk taking than did participants who played a neutral game. Finally, on a more behavioral level, in Study 3, the authors found that men who played a racing game subsequently took higher risks in computer-simulated critical road traffic situations than did men who played a neutral game. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  15. Bilingual Teachers Take Part in Immersion Program in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arribas, Emilio J.

    1991-01-01

    Describes the experience of 11 Michigan bilingual teachers attending an immersion program in Mexico involving 15 days of intensive seminars dealing with Mexican history, geography, mythology, folklore, politics, and education. (CB)

  16. Attitudes of Teacher Candidates Studying at Technical Education on Ability to Take the Role of a Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Cengiz

    2012-01-01

    In this research, attitudes of teacher candidates (N = 583) studying at the Faculty of Technical Education on ability to take general roles of teachers are analyzed with respect to class, gender, educational level of parents, reason to do major at the university, feeling themselves appropriate to the major, seeing themselves adequate, and desire…

  17. Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coskun, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

  18. Having a Go: Looking at Teachers' Experience of Risk-Taking in Technology Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Sarah K.; Gigliotti, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    Risk is an integral part of change. Technology-related change in teachers' practice is guided by confidence engaging in and beliefs about integration. However, it is also affected by how teachers feel about taking risks, experimenting and change. This paper presents a theoretical framework of affect and emotion to understand how teachers…

  19. Risk Taking Behaviour And Assertiveness Behaviour Of D.T.ED., Teacher Trainees – A Study

    OpenAIRE

    A.C. LAL KUMAR; R.Muthumanickam

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study is to investigate the risk taking behaviour and assertiveness behaviour of D.T.Ed., Teacher Trainees. The sample of the study consisted of 400 D.T.Ed., Teacher Trainees (129 male and 271 female). The tools used in the study were the Risk Taking Behaviour Scale by Answer Yousuf and Assertiveness Inventory by Tasneem Naqvi (1988).After framing necessary objectives and hypotheses, appropriate analysis was carried out on the collected data .From this analysis ...

  20. Acute Exercise Increases Sex Differences in Amateur Athletes' Risk Taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pighin, S; Savadori, L; Bonini, N; Andreozzi, L; Savoldelli, A; Schena, F

    2015-10-01

    The research presented here investigates the interaction between acute exercise, biological sex and risk-taking behavior. The study involved 20 amateur athletes (19-33 years old), 10 males and 10 females, who were asked to undergo subsequent experimental sessions designed to compare their risky behaviors on the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) 34 at rest and while exercising at moderate intensity (60% of their maximal aerobic power). Results showed that physical exercise affected male and female participants differently: Whereas males became more risk seeking, females became more risk averse during exercise. PMID:26090877

  1. Should Teachers Be Made To Take the Same Exams as Their Students?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A teacher sitting alongside his/her students taking the same exam is something unheard of in high schools in China.However,in mid-January,over 8,000 high school teach- ers in northeast China’s Shenyang City took part in the final examination together with their students.This is a first for Shenyang’s education system and a move that is still new to most of China. The exam was organized after the Shenyang Education Bureau decided that monitoring the quality of local education would in future not only cover students but also the teachers.How the teachers do in the examination will be an important criterion in the teaching evaluation system.

  2. Wearing a Bicycle Helmet Can Increase Risk Taking and Sensation Seeking in Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Gamble, Tim; Walker, Ian

    2016-01-01

    Humans adapt their risk-taking behavior on the basis of perceptions of safety; this risk-compensation phenomenon is typified by people taking increased risks when using protective equipment. Existing studies have looked at people who know they are using safety equipment and have specifically focused on changes in behaviors for which that equipment might reduce risk. Here, we demonstrated that risk taking increases in people who are not explicitly aware they are wearing protective equipment; f...

  3. The Racing-Game Effect : Why Do Video Racing Games Increase Risk-Taking Inclinations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fischer, Peter; Greitemeyer, Tobias; Morton, Thomas; Kastenmueller, Andreas; Postmes, Tom; Frey, Dieter; Kubitzki, Joerg; Odenwaelder, Joerg; Kastenmüller, A.; Odenwälder, J.

    2009-01-01

    The present studies investigated why video racing games increase players' risk-taking inclinations. Four studies reveal that playing video racing games increases risk taking in a subsequent simulated road traffic situation, as well as risk-promoting cognitions and emotions, blood pressure, sensation

  4. The Racing-Game Effect: Why Do Video Racing Games Increase Risk-Taking Inclinations?

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer, Peter; Greitemeyer, Tobias; Morton, Thomas; Kastenmüller, Andreas; Postmes, Tom; Frey, Dieter; Kubitzki, Jörg; Odenwälder, Jörg

    2009-01-01

    The present studies investigated why video racing games increase players’ risk-taking inclinations. Four studies reveal that playing video racing games increases risk taking in a subsequent simulated road traffic situation, as well as risk-promoting cognitions and emotions, blood pressure,sensation seeking, and attitudes toward reckless driving. Study 1 ruled out the role of experimental demand in creating such effects. Studies 2 and 3 showed that the effect of playing video racing games on r...

  5. Factors Influencing the Take-Up of Physics within Second-Level Education in Ireland--The Teachers' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Politis, Yurgos; Killeavy, Maureen; Mitchell, Peter I.

    2007-01-01

    There has been a disturbing decline in the take-up of physics within second-level education in Ireland since the early nineties. Here, an analysis is presented of the main factors influencing the take-up of physics from the perspective of secondary school teachers. The database underpinning the analysis is based on a comprehensive survey of…

  6. Peers increase adolescent risk taking by enhancing activity in the brain’s reward circuitry

    OpenAIRE

    Chein, Jason; Albert, Dustin; O’Brien, Lia; Uckert, Kaitlyn; Steinberg, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    The presence of peers increases risk taking among adolescents but not adults. We posited that the presence of peers may promote adolescent risk taking by sensitizing brain regions associated with the anticipation of potential rewards. Using fMRI, we measured brain activity in adolescents, young adults, and adults as they made decisions in a simulated driving task. Participants completed one task block while alone, and one block while their performance was observed by peers in an adjacent room...

  7. 34 CFR 200.57 - Plans to increase teacher quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... teachers. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1810-0581) (Authority: 20 U... and effective classroom teachers; (ii) Describe the strategies the State will use to— (A) Help...

  8. Using Teacher Greetings to Increase Speed to Task Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allday, R. Allan; Bush, Miranda; Ticknor, Nicole; Walker, Lindsay

    2011-01-01

    We used a multiple baseline design across participants to determine if teacher greetings would reduce the latency to task engagement. Three participants were identified by their respective teachers as having difficulty initiating task-appropriate engagement at the beginning of class. Latency was measured from teacher greeting until the participant…

  9. Strawberry Square II: Take Time. Teacher's Guide. 33 Lessons in the Arts to Help Children Take Time with Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcy, Nancy

    This teacher's guide accompanies a series of telelessons designed to stimulate arts activities in grades 2 and 3. It follows a story line established in "Strawberry Square" which centers around the revitilization of Strawberry Square by Skipper, the owner of the Tune Shoppe in the square. Each of the 15 lessons has four sections, which contain a…

  10. The racing-game effect: why do video racing games increase risk-taking inclinations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Peter; Greitemeyer, Tobias; Morton, Thomas; Kastenmüller, Andreas; Postmes, Tom; Frey, Dieter; Kubitzki, Jörg; Odenwälder, Jörg

    2009-10-01

    The present studies investigated why video racing games increase players' risk-taking inclinations. Four studies reveal that playing video racing games increases risk taking in a subsequent simulated road traffic situation, as well as risk-promoting cognitions and emotions, blood pressure, sensation seeking, and attitudes toward reckless driving. Study 1 ruled out the role of experimental demand in creating such effects. Studies 2 and 3 showed that the effect of playing video racing games on risk taking was partially mediated by changes in self-perceptions as a reckless driver. These effects were evident only when the individual played racing games that reward traffic violations rather than racing games that do not reward traffic violations (Study 3) and when the individual was an active player of such games rather than a passive observer (Study 4). In sum, the results underline the potential negative impact of racing games on traffic safety.

  11. Teacher Research Experience Programs = Increase in Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubner, J.

    2010-12-01

    Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers (SRP), founded in 1990, is one of the largest, best known university-based professional development programs for science teachers in the U.S. The program’s basic premise is simple: teachers cannot effectively teach science if they have not experienced it firsthand. For eight weeks in each of two consecutive summers, teachers participate as a member of a research team, led by a member of Columbia University’s research faculty. In addition to the laboratory experience, all teachers meet as a group one day each week during the summer for a series of pedagogical activities. A unique quality of the Summer Research Program is its focus on objective assessment of its impact on attitudes and instructional practices of participating teachers, on the performance of these teachers in their mentors’ laboratories, and most importantly, on the impact of their participation in the program on student interest and performance in science. SRP uses pass rate on the New York State Regents standardized science examinations as an objective measure of student achievement. SRP's data is the first scientific evidence of a connection between a research experience for teachers program and gains in student achievement. As a result of the research, findings were published in Science Magazine. The author will present an overview of Columbia's teacher research program and the results of the published program evaluation.

  12. Strategies to Increase Behavior-Specific Teacher Praise in an Inclusive Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musti-Rao, Shobana; Haydon, Todd

    2011-01-01

    Managing students' disruptive behavior in the classroom can be a time-consuming task and greatly reduces the amount of time teachers spend on instruction. Although there are several research-validated classroom management strategies, teachers are more likely to adopt strategies that are less time-consuming than strategies that take more time or…

  13. Wearing a Bicycle Helmet Can Increase Risk Taking and Sensation Seeking in Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Tim; Walker, Ian

    2016-02-01

    Humans adapt their risk-taking behavior on the basis of perceptions of safety; this risk-compensation phenomenon is typified by people taking increased risks when using protective equipment. Existing studies have looked at people who know they are using safety equipment and have specifically focused on changes in behaviors for which that equipment might reduce risk. Here, we demonstrated that risk taking increases in people who are not explicitly aware they are wearing protective equipment; furthermore, this happens for behaviors that could not be made safer by that equipment. In a controlled study in which a helmet, compared with a baseball cap, was used as the head mount for an eye tracker, participants scored significantly higher on laboratory measures of both risk taking and sensation seeking. This happened despite there being no risk for the helmet to ameliorate and despite it being introduced purely as an eye tracker. The results suggest that unconscious activation of safety-related concepts primes globally increased risk propensity. PMID:26740528

  14. Taking Teacher Learning to Scale: Sharing Knowledge and Spreading Ideas across Geographies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Emily J.; Jaffe-Walter, Reva; Riordan, Megan

    2016-01-01

    This research reports data from case studies of three intermediary organizations facing the challenge of scaling up teacher learning. The turn of the century launched scaling-up efforts of all three intermediaries, growing from intimate groups, where founding teachers and staff were key supports for teacher learning, to large multistate…

  15. How Do Students Understand Mathematical Lectures? Note-Taking as Retelling of the Teacher's Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andra, Chiara

    2013-01-01

    Starting from an interest in the teachers' use of diagrams and gestures during a traditional front lesson at tertiary level, this research takes a narratologic perspective to see a mathematical lesson as a story, and hence the students' notes as re-tellings of a mathematical story. The first minutes of a traditional mathematics lecture…

  16. Stress during adolescence increases novelty seeking and risk taking behavior in male and female rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria eToledo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Adolescence is a period of major physical, hormonal and psychological change. It is also characterized by a significant increase in the incidence of psychopathologies and this increase is gender-specific. Likewise, stress during adolescence is associated with the development of psychiatric disorders later in life. Previously, using a rat model of psychogenic stress (exposure to predator odor followed by placement on an elevated platform during the pre-pubertal period (postnatal days 28-30, we reported sex-specific effects on auditory and contextual fear conditioning. Here, we study the short-term impact of psychogenic stress before and during puberty (postnatal days 28-42 on behavior (novelty seeking, risk taking, anxiety and depression and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA axis activation during late adolescence (postnatal days 45-51. Peri-pubertal stress decreased anxiety-like behavior and increased risk taking and novelty seeking behaviors during late adolescence (measured with the elevated plus maze, open field and exposure to novel object tests and intake of chocopop pellets before or immediate after stress. Finally neither depressive-like behavior (measured at the forced swim test nor HPA response to stress (blood corticosterone and glucose were affected by peri-pubertal stress. Nevertheless, when controlling for the basal anxiety of the mothers, animals exposed to peri-pubertal stress showed a significant decrease in corticosterone levels immediate after an acute stressor. The results from this study suggest that exposure to mild stressors during the peri-pubertal period induces a broad spectrum of behavioral changes in late adolescence, which may exacerbate the independence-building behaviors naturally happening during this transitional period (increase in curiosity, sensation-seeking and risk taking behaviors.

  17. Embracing Advocacy: How Visible Minority and Dominant Group Beginning Teachers Take Up Issues of Equity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naomi Norquay

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is from a four-year research project that followed graduates of a teacher education program from teacher certification through their first three years of teaching. It focuses on participants' narratives about their advocacy efforts in both their pre-service practicum placements and their first year as probationary teachers. Our findings indicate that while dominant group white participants chose to advocate from a position of personal conviction (often based on new knowledge of equity issues, the visible minority participants were often summoned by others to advocate. The paper concludes with a discussion about how teacher education might better address advocacy issues, alongside the focus on equity issues.

  18. Cortisol and testosterone increase financial risk taking and may destabilize markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cueva, Carlos; Roberts, R. Edward; Spencer, Tom; Rani, Nisha; Tempest, Michelle; Tobler, Philippe N.; Herbert, Joe; Rustichini, Aldo

    2015-01-01

    It is widely known that financial markets can become dangerously unstable, yet it is unclear why. Recent research has highlighted the possibility that endogenous hormones, in particular testosterone and cortisol, may critically influence traders’ financial decision making. Here we show that cortisol, a hormone that modulates the response to physical or psychological stress, predicts instability in financial markets. Specifically, we recorded salivary levels of cortisol and testosterone in people participating in an experimental asset market (N = 142) and found that individual and aggregate levels of endogenous cortisol predict subsequent risk-taking and price instability. We then administered either cortisol (single oral dose of 100 mg hydrocortisone, N = 34) or testosterone (three doses of 10 g transdermal 1% testosterone gel over 48 hours, N = 41) to young males before they played an asset trading game. We found that both cortisol and testosterone shifted investment towards riskier assets. Cortisol appears to affect risk preferences directly, whereas testosterone operates by inducing increased optimism about future price changes. Our results suggest that changes in both cortisol and testosterone could play a destabilizing role in financial markets through increased risk taking behaviour, acting via different behavioural pathways. PMID:26135946

  19. Cortisol and testosterone increase financial risk taking and may destabilize markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cueva, Carlos; Roberts, R Edward; Spencer, Tom; Rani, Nisha; Tempest, Michelle; Tobler, Philippe N; Herbert, Joe; Rustichini, Aldo

    2015-07-02

    It is widely known that financial markets can become dangerously unstable, yet it is unclear why. Recent research has highlighted the possibility that endogenous hormones, in particular testosterone and cortisol, may critically influence traders' financial decision making. Here we show that cortisol, a hormone that modulates the response to physical or psychological stress, predicts instability in financial markets. Specifically, we recorded salivary levels of cortisol and testosterone in people participating in an experimental asset market (N = 142) and found that individual and aggregate levels of endogenous cortisol predict subsequent risk-taking and price instability. We then administered either cortisol (single oral dose of 100 mg hydrocortisone, N = 34) or testosterone (three doses of 10 g transdermal 1% testosterone gel over 48 hours, N = 41) to young males before they played an asset trading game. We found that both cortisol and testosterone shifted investment towards riskier assets. Cortisol appears to affect risk preferences directly, whereas testosterone operates by inducing increased optimism about future price changes. Our results suggest that changes in both cortisol and testosterone could play a destabilizing role in financial markets through increased risk taking behaviour, acting via different behavioural pathways.

  20. Developing teacher sensitivity to individual learning differences (ILDs) : Studies on increasing teacher effectiveness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosenfeld, M.N.

    2008-01-01

    Effective teachers are sensitive to individual learning differences (ILDs). This dissertation investigates teacher changes as a result of eight long-term professional development (PD) courses (56-hours and 28-hours) designed to help them become more sensitive to ILDs. In these courses, the teache

  1. Taking Teacher Responsibility into Account(ability): Explicating Its Multiple Components and Theoretical Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauermann, Fani; Karabenick, Stuart A.

    2011-01-01

    Accountability systems have important implications for schooling. Missing from discussions about their implementation, however, are ways they affect teacher responsibility. Responsibility has been insufficiently explicated in the education literature, including its impact on teacher motivation, emotion, and behavior. We propose that a…

  2. Taking Part in the Dance: Technology Teachers Interacting with Communities of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slatter, Wendy; France, Bev

    2011-01-01

    This research investigated how secondary school technology teachers planned and implemented units that enabled students to access authentic technological practice through their contact with a community of practice (CoP). It was found that when teachers plan to access a community of practice for their students a complex dance-style relationship…

  3. It Takes a Village: Investigating the Critical Role Clinical Faculty Play in Mathematics Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahr, Damon L.

    2013-01-01

    The dispositions of preservice elementary education teachers toward reform-oriented mathematics education were surveyed before and after an extended pre-student teaching practicum. During the practicum, university and school-based personnel served as 'clinical faculty' as they supported the preservice teachers' practicum…

  4. The PhysTEC project: A perspective on what it takes to recruit and educate more physics teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plisch, Monica

    2012-03-01

    The PhysTEC project has more than doubled the number of physics teachers educated at supported sites. These institutions were selected for their potential to implement change primarily in physics departments and build model teacher education programs. Key components of PhysTEC programs include active recruiting, early teaching experiences, pedagogical content knowledge, Learning Assistants, and induction and mentoring. Important structural elements include a program champion, a Teacher in Residence, assessment, collaboration, and institutional commitment. The PhysTEC project has supported about 20 institutions to date. In order to more fully address the national need for qualified physics teachers, the effort would need to be scaled up substantially. There is evidence of growing interest among physics departments in taking on this issue, and a national coalition committed to improving the education of future physics teachers has expanded to include more than 250 member institutions. The project is experimenting with targeted sites, funded at a lower level, to implement focused programs. In addition, PhysTEC is partnering with aligned efforts to magnify its impact. PhysTEC is a project led by APS with AAPT, and supported by the NSF and the APS Campaign for the 21st Century.

  5. Increasing Teachers' Use of Evidence-Based Classroom Management Strategies through Consultation: Overview and Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacSuga, Ashley S.; Simonsen, Brandi

    2011-01-01

    Many classroom teachers are faced with challenging student behaviors that impact their ability to facilitate learning in productive, safe environments. At the same time, high-stakes testing, increased emphasis on evidence-based instruction, data-based decision making, and response-to-intervention models have put heavy demands on teacher time and…

  6. Using In-Service and Coaching to Increase Teachers' Accurate Use of Research-Based Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretlow, Allison G.; Cooke, Nancy L.; Wood, Charles L.

    2012-01-01

    Increasing the accurate use of research-based practices in classrooms is a critical issue. Professional development is one of the most practical ways to provide practicing teachers with training related to research-based practices. This study examined the effects of in-service plus follow-up coaching on first grade teachers' accurate delivery of…

  7. Increasing Elementary School Teachers' Awareness of Gender Inequity in Student Computer Usage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luongo, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to increase gender equity awareness in elementary school teachers with respect to student computer and technology usage. Using professional development methods with a group of teachers, the writer attempted to help them become more aware of gender bias in technology instruction. An analysis of the data revealed that…

  8. Increasing Treatment Integrity through Negative Reinforcement: Effects on Teacher and Student Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiGennaro, Florence D.; Martens, Brian K.; McIntyre, Laura Lee

    2005-01-01

    The current study examined the extent to which treatment integrity was increased and maintained for 4 teachers in their regular classroom settings as a result of performance feedback and negative reinforcement. Teachers received daily written feedback about their accuracy in implementing an intervention and were able to avoid meeting with a…

  9. It takes a toll on pre-service teachers and programs: Case studies of teacher candidates who withdrew from a teacher education program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Ying Lin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have examined patterns of withdrawal from initial teacher education (ITE programs and have found that pre-service teachers are more likely to withdraw if they are male or older than the typical pre-service teacher. This study presents case studies based on semi-structured interviews with older male pre-service teachers who withdrew from a large one-year post-Bachelor’s ITE program. To better understand the experiences of these pre-service teachers and the reasons they withdrew, we present each case as a unique narrative before examining the similarities and differences in their expectations and why they withdrew from the program. We discuss possible interpretations of and approaches to preventing withdrawal for stakeholders of ITE programs.

  10. AMS Professional Development Courses: Arming K-12 Teachers with the Tools Needed to Increase Students' Scientific Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brey, J. A.; Geer, I. W.; Weinbeck, R. S.; Moran, J. M.; Nugnes, K. A.

    2012-12-01

    To better prepare tomorrow's leaders, it is of utmost importance that today's teachers are science literate. To meet that need, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Education Program offers content-rich, professional development courses and training workshops for precollege teachers in the geosciences. During the fall and spring semesters, the AMS in partnership with NOAA, NASA, and SUNY Brockport, offers a suite of pre-college teacher development courses, DataStreme Atmosphere, DataStreme Ocean and DataStreme Earth's Climate System (ECS). These courses are delivered to small groups of K-12 teachers through Local Implementation Teams (LITs) positioned throughout the U.S. The courses use current, real-world environmental data to investigate the atmosphere, ocean, and climate system and consist of weekly online study materials, weekly mentoring, and several face-to-face meetings, all supplemented by a provided textbook and investigations manual. DataStreme ECS takes an innovative approach to studying climate science, by exploring the fundamental science of Earth's climate system and addressing the societal impacts relevant to today's students and teachers. The course investigates natural and human forcings and feedbacks to examine mitigation and adaptation strategies for the future. Information and data from respected organizations, such as the IPCC, the US Global Change Research Program, NASA, and NOAA are used throughout the course, including in the online and printed investigations. In addition, participants differentiate between climate, climate variability, and climate change through the AMS Conceptual Energy Model, a basic climate model that follows the flow of energy from space to Earth and back. Participants also have access to NASA's EdGCM, a research-grade Global Climate Model where they can explore various future climate scenarios in the same way that actual research scientists do. Throughout all of the courses, teachers have the opportunity to expand

  11. Teacher Preparation for Movement Education: Increasing Pre-Service Teachers' Competence for Working with Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevimli-Celik, Serap; Johnson, James E.

    2016-01-01

    This study explores pre-service teachers' perceptions of movement education, the benefits they perceive from participating in a 12-week movement education module in a course on play, and the module's effects on their confidence and competence in regard to incorporating movement into a curriculum. Findings suggest that the pre-service teachers…

  12. Taking a "Reality" Check: Expanding Pre-Service Teachers' Views on Pedagogy and Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Mary; Carrington, Suzanne; Selva, Gitta; Healy, Annah

    2009-01-01

    The outcomes of a two-pronged "real-world" learning project, which aimed to expand the views of pre-service teachers about learning, pedagogy and diversity, will be discussed in this paper. Seventy-two fourth-year and 22 first-year students, enrolled in a Bachelor of Education degree in Queensland, Australia, were engaged in community sites…

  13. Taking Stock of Lesson Study as a Platform for Teacher Development in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Christina; Lee, Christine; Saito, Eisuke; Haron, Sharifa Syed

    2011-01-01

    Since its introduction into Singapore schools in 2005, many schools are now implementing Lesson Study in various forms adapted to their culture, needs and priorities. Why are schools interested in Lesson Study? How has Lesson Study provided a platform for professional development of teachers? What aspects of Lesson Study have schools adapted and…

  14. Increased risk-taking behavior in dopamine transporter knockdown mice: further support for a mouse model of mania

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Jared W.; van Enkhuizen, Jordy; Winstanley, Catharine A.; Geyer, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Reduced functioning of the dopamine transporter (DAT) has been linked to bipolar disorder (BD). Mice with reduced DAT functioning (knockdown, KD) exhibit a behavioral profile in the mouse Behavioral Pattern Monitor (BPM) consistent with patients with BD mania in the human BPM. Patients with BD also exhibit increased risk taking, which can be quantified using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). We hypothesized that DAT KD mice would exhibit increased risk-taking behavior in a novel mouse version of ...

  15. Dopamine Agonist Increases Risk Taking but Blunts Reward-Related Brain Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Jordi Riba; Krämer, Ulrike M.; Marcus Heldmann; Sylvia Richter; Münte, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    The use of D2/D3 dopaminergic agonists in Parkinson's disease (PD) may lead to pathological gambling. In a placebo-controlled double-blind study in healthy volunteers, we observed riskier choices in a lottery task after administration of the D3 receptor-preferring agonist pramipexole thus mimicking risk-taking behavior in PD. Moreover, we demonstrate decreased activation in the rostral basal ganglia and midbrain, key structures of the reward system, following unexpected high gains and therefo...

  16. Dopamine agonist increases risk taking but blunts reward-related brain activity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Riba

    Full Text Available The use of D2/D3 dopaminergic agonists in Parkinson's disease (PD may lead to pathological gambling. In a placebo-controlled double-blind study in healthy volunteers, we observed riskier choices in a lottery task after administration of the D3 receptor-preferring agonist pramipexole thus mimicking risk-taking behavior in PD. Moreover, we demonstrate decreased activation in the rostral basal ganglia and midbrain, key structures of the reward system, following unexpected high gains and therefore propose that pathological gambling in PD results from the need to seek higher rewards to overcome the blunted response in this system.

  17. Stress during adolescence increases novelty seeking and risk-taking behavior in male and female rats

    OpenAIRE

    Maria eToledo; Carmen eSandi

    2011-01-01

    Adolescence is a period of major physical, hormonal, and psychological change. It is also characterized by a significant increase in the incidence of psychopathologies and this increase is gender-specific. Likewise, stress during adolescence is associated with the development of psychiatric disorders later in life. Previously, using a rat model of psychogenic stress (exposure to predator odor followed by placement on an elevated platform) during the pre-pubertal period (postnatal days 28–30),...

  18. Increasing the Supply of Effective Teachers in High-Poverty Schools in a Heterogeneous School District: Facilitators and Constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Leigh K.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the ways that a district used its teacher staffing and professional development policies to increase the supply of effective teachers in high-poverty schools, to determine the efficacy of these policies in the view of district administrators and teachers, and to identify the facilitators and constraints to…

  19. Transcranial alternating current stimulation increases risk-taking behavior in the balloon analog risk task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sela, Tal; Kilim, Adi; Lavidor, Michal

    2012-01-01

    The process of evaluating risks and benefits involves a complex neural network that includes the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). It has been proposed that in conflict and reward situations, theta-band (4-8 Hz) oscillatory activity in the frontal cortex may reflect an electrophysiological mechanism for coordinating neural networks monitoring behavior, as well as facilitating task-specific adaptive changes. The goal of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that theta-band oscillatory balance between right and left frontal and prefrontal regions, with a predominance role to the right hemisphere (RH), is crucial for regulatory control during decision-making under risk. In order to explore this hypothesis, we used transcranial alternating current stimulation, a novel technique that provides the opportunity to explore the functional role of neuronal oscillatory activities and to establish a causal link between specific oscillations and functional lateralization in risky decision-making situations. For this aim, healthy participants were randomly allocated to one of three stimulation groups (LH stimulation/RH stimulation/Sham stimulation), with active AC stimulation delivered in a frequency-dependent manner (at 6.5 Hz; 1 mA peak-to-peak). During the AC stimulation, participants performed the Balloon Analog Risk Task. This experiment revealed that participants receiving LH stimulation displayed riskier decision-making style compared to sham and RH stimulation groups. However, there was no difference in decision-making behaviors between sham and RH stimulation groups. The current study extends the notion that DLPFC activity is critical for adaptive decision-making in the context of risk-taking and emphasis the role of theta-band oscillatory activity during risky decision-making situations. PMID:22347844

  20. Can Australian Universities Take Measures to Increase the Lecture Attendance of Marketing Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolnicar, Sara; Kaiser, Sebastian; Matus, Katrina; Vialle, Wilma

    2009-01-01

    Lectures are a central element of traditional university learning, but Australian lecturers increasingly face very low levels of lecture attendance. A significant amount of research exists that investigates the drivers of lecture attendance. However, those studies typically study single factors in an isolated manner, thus overestimating the…

  1. Evaluating Teacher Modeling as a Strategy to Increase Student Reading Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Methe, Scott A.; Hintze, John M.

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to implement and evaluate a classroom strategy to increase student engagement in sustained silent reading (SSR), a form of school-based recreational reading. Teacher modeling was selected as the primary intervention. A within-subjects ABAB withdrawal design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the…

  2. Taking the easy way out? Increasing implementation effort reduces probability maximizing under cognitive load.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, Christin; Newell, Ben R

    2016-07-01

    Cognitive load has previously been found to have a positive effect on strategy selection in repeated risky choice. Specifically, whereas inferior probability matching often prevails under single-task conditions, optimal probability maximizing sometimes dominates when a concurrent task competes for cognitive resources. We examined the extent to which this seemingly beneficial effect of increased task demands hinges on the effort required to implement each of the choice strategies. Probability maximizing typically involves a simple repeated response to a single option, whereas probability matching requires choice proportions to be tracked carefully throughout a sequential choice task. Here, we flipped this pattern by introducing a manipulation that made the implementation of maximizing more taxing and, at the same time, allowed decision makers to probability match via a simple repeated response to a single option. The results from two experiments showed that increasing the implementation effort of probability maximizing resulted in decreased adoption rates of this strategy. This was the case both when decision makers simultaneously learned about the outcome probabilities and responded to a dual task (Exp. 1) and when these two aspects were procedurally separated in two distinct stages (Exp. 2). We conclude that the effort involved in implementing a choice strategy is a key factor in shaping repeated choice under uncertainty. Moreover, highlighting the importance of implementation effort casts new light on the sometimes surprising and inconsistent effects of cognitive load that have previously been reported in the literature.

  3. Taking control: Working memory training in overweight individuals increases self-regulation of food intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houben, Katrijn; Dassen, Fania C M; Jansen, Anita

    2016-10-01

    Working memory (WM) plays a critical role in cognitive control by shielding self-regulatory goals from distraction by desire-related thoughts and emotions. This study examined whether training WM increases self-regulation in overweight participants. It was hypothesized that WM training would decrease psychopathological eating-related thoughts, (over)consumption of food in response to emotions and external cues, food intake and body weight. Overweight participants (n = 50) performed 20-25 sessions of WM training or control/sham training. The dependent measures were self-reported eating-related psychopathology, self-reported emotional/external eating behavior, food intake during a bogus taste test, and body weight, assessed before training, immediately following training, and at one-month follow-up. Relative to control, WM training reduced psychopathological eating-related thoughts and emotional eating (but not external eating). These effects were still present at follow-up, one month later. Food intake and body weight did not show an overall effect of training, though WM training did reduce food intake among highly restrained participants. WM training effectively reduced eating-related thoughts, overeating in response to negative emotions, and food intake among participants with strong dietary restraint goals. Hence, these findings indicate that WM training may strengthen self-regulation by shielding dieting goals from distraction by unwanted eating-related thoughts and emotions. PMID:27349707

  4. Taking Them into the Field: Mathematics Teacher Candidate Learning about Equity-Oriented Teaching Practices in a Mediated Field Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Sara Sunshine

    2012-01-01

    Teacher education programs have been criticized as too theoretical with university courses disconnected from the practical realities of classrooms. This single case study investigates a model of teacher education that worked to bridge the coursework-fieldwork gap in teacher education. The Mediated Field Experience (MFE) is a field experience…

  5. The politics of learning to teach: The juxtaposition of reform, risk-taking, and survival for a prospective science teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLoughlin, Andrea Sabatini

    1998-12-01

    It has proven difficult for teachers to enact and sustain the changes to thinking and pedagogy called for in science education reforms. It may be especially difficult for prospective teachers to create coherent professional identities as they learn to teach in the borderland between educational change and the existing context of education. Field experiences remain a pivotal point in teacher education, as prospective teachers mature from the perspective they have lived as students to the vantage point they are constructing as developing teachers. This qualitative, naturalistic case study examined a reform-oriented preservice science teacher's beliefs and actions during a year of field practica, including student teaching. Interviews, observations, and written documents were collected to examine the extent to which the prospective teacher's thoughts and actions continued to reflect reform ideals across that time. Inductive data analysis indicated that tacit beliefs held by the participant interacted with significant events of the field experiences to direct her learning to teach process in non-educative ways. Implications include: (a) deeper examination of the beliefs and experiences of prospective teachers would allow teacher educators the ability to understand and guide professional development in deeper and more productive ways, (b) the establishment of an atmosphere of experimentation/inquiry and a more cohesive, collaborative approach to teacher education are needed, especially during field experiences, if teacher education programs are to foster the productive and educative experiences supportive of reform ideals, (c) the preparation of prospective teachers who intend to implement reform ideals should include developing understandings of the dynamics of the change process, and (d) the exploration/confrontation of the power structures inherent in the existing educational system is essential if they are to be prevented from undermining reform efforts. As science

  6. Increasing Secondary Teachers' Behavior-Specific Praise Using a Video Self-Modeling and Visual Performance Feedback Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Shannon M.; Heflin, L. Juane

    2011-01-01

    Teachers working with students with emotional/behavioral disorders (EBD) in elementary schools can be helped to increase use of an important behavioral strategy, behavior-specific praise statements (BSPS). Unfortunately, teachers' behaviors return to baseline levels when researchers leave, and little is known about the use of praise on high school…

  7. Increasing Awareness of Practice through Interaction across Communities: The Lived Experiences of a Mathematician and Mathematics Teacher Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleiler, Sarah K.

    2015-01-01

    Collaborations between mathematicians and mathematics teacher educators are increasingly being expected, and realized, within the context of mathematics teacher education. Most research related to collaborative efforts between members of the mathematics and mathematics education communities has focused on the products, rather than the process of…

  8. Increasing the Teacher Rate of Behaviour Specific Praise and its Effect on a Child with Aggressive Behaviour Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffat, Thecla Kudakwashe

    2011-01-01

    A single subject design was used to investigate the effectiveness of an increase in teacher behaviour-specific praise statements to address anti-social behaviours demonstrated by a student who displays aggressive behaviours. Researchers agree that praise is effective in improving problem behaviours. They also agree that training teachers to use…

  9. Increasing Support for Novice Teachers Working in Urban, Low-Income Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucher, Thor I.

    2010-01-01

    Teacher attrition is a growing problem in the United States, especially in urban, low-income schools. Research indicates that up to 55% of new teachers working in urban, low-income schools quit within five years; 17% before the end of the first year. Unfortunately, a teacher's potential is not fully known until the teacher's fifth or sixth year of…

  10. Intragastric acidification increases the sensitivity of 14C-urea breath test in patients taking a proton pump inhibitor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate if intragastric acidification at the ingestion of 14C-urea can decrease the likelihood of false-negative (FN) results of urea breath test (UBT) in patients taking a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Methods: Twenty-three patients with positive 14C-UBT (UBT-1) results underwent an acid suppression treatment with omeprazole 40 mg/d for 14 d. On day 13, patients underwent second standard UBT (YBT-2). On day 14, patients underwent a modified UBT (UBT-3), which included consuming 200 mL of 0.1 mol/L citric acid solution 30 min before and at the administration of 14C-urea. Mean 14CO2 expiration and the number of FN results were compared for the three UBTs. Results: Omeprazole caused a significant decrease in mean 14CO2 excretion between UBT-1[(5.57 +- 3.90) Bq/mmol] and UBT-2[(1.98 +- 1.42) Bq/mmol, t=5.867, P=0.000]. Omeprazole caused 10(43.5%) FN UBT-2 results. Mean 14CO2 expiration in UBT-3 [(4.93 +- 3.77) Bq/mmol] was greater than that in UBT-2 (t=-4.538, P=0.000). UBT-3 caused only 2 FN results (8.7%, x2=6.66, P14C-urea increases 14Co2 expiration and decreases FN 14C-UBT results in patients taking PPI

  11. Increasing self-efficacy and quality lesson planning using Lesson-Study with elementary preservice teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Elizabeth Ann

    This qualitative, quasi-experimental study examined if lesson-study could be a successful approach in improving lesson plan quality and increasing self-efficacy levels toward teaching science at the preservice elementary teacher level in North Mississippi. Lesson-Study can be defined as a cycle of instructional improvement in which small groups work together to design and teach a lesson, revising again as needed over the course of a semester. This study described the experiences of two sections of preservice teachers enrolled in a science methods course as they engaged in lesson-study at a comprehensive university in Northeast Mississippi. One section of the class served as the control group while the other section, as the treatment group, received lesson-study over the course of the semester. Data was gathered in the form of interviews, observations, and a self-efficacy survey (STEBI-B). Lesson plans were also graded using a rubric to determine quality level. Findings indicated that, while not statistically significant, the treatment groups scores on the self-efficacy instrument increased more on average than the control groups' scores. There were also positive comments about the lesson study process from the teacher candidates in the treatment group as well as positive behaviors recorded by the researcher. Additionally, according to the external evaluators who graded the final drafts of the lessons, the treatment group had greater gains than the control class on average. These conclusions suggested the lesson study process implemented during the preservice teaching level can be beneficial.

  12. The Development of Reproductive Strategy in Females: Early Maternal Harshness [right arrow] Earlier Menarche [right arrow] Increased Sexual Risk Taking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsky, Jay; Steinberg, Laurence; Houts, Renate M.; Halpern-Felsher, Bonnie L.

    2010-01-01

    To test a proposition central to J. Belsky, L. Steinberg, and P. Draper's (1991) evolutionary theory of socialization--that pubertal maturation plays a role in linking early rearing experience with adolescent sexual risk taking (i.e., frequency of sexual behavior) and, perhaps, other risk taking (e.g., alcohol, drugs, delinquency)--the authors…

  13. Exposure to Free-Play Modes in Simulated Online Gaming Increases Risk-Taking in Monetary Gambling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frahn, Tahnee; Delfabbro, Paul; King, Daniel L

    2015-12-01

    This study examined the behavioral effects of practice modes in simulated slot machine gambling. A sample of 128 participants predominantly aged 18-24 years were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 pre-exposure conditions: control (no practice), standard 90% return to player, inflated return to player and inflated return with pop-up messages. Participants in all conditions engaged in monetary gambling using a realistic online simulation of a slot machine. As predicted, the results showed that those players exposed to inflated or 'profit' demonstration modes placed significantly higher bets in the real-play mode as compared to the other groups. However, the groups did not differ in relation to how long they persisted in the real-play mode. Pop-up messages had no significant effect on monetary gambling behavior. The results of this study confirm that exposure to inflated practice or "demo" modes lead to short-term increases in risk-taking. These findings highlight the need for careful regulation and monitoring of internet gambling sites, as well as further research on the potential risks of simulated gambling activities for vulnerable segments of the gambling population.

  14. Taking Teacher Education to Task: Exploring the Role of Teacher Education in Promoting the Utilization of Task-Based Language Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogilvie, Greg; Dunn, William

    2010-01-01

    Despite its theoretical appeal and research-based support, task-based language teaching (TBLT) continues to have a somewhat limited influence on actual second language teaching practices in many contexts. This study considers the relationship between teacher education and the broader use of TBLT. It investigates the effects of a…

  15. Ascorbate availability affects tumor implantation-take rate and increases tumor rejection in Gulo−/− mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Elizabeth J; Vissers, Margreet CM; Dachs, Gabi U

    2016-01-01

    In solid tumors, HIF1 upregulates the expression of hundreds of genes involved in cell survival, tumor growth, and adaptation to the hypoxic microenvironment. HIF1 stabilization and activity are suppressed by prolyl and asparagine hydroxylases, which require oxygen as a substrate and ascorbate as a cofactor. This has led us to hypothesize that intracellular ascorbate availability could modify the hypoxic HIF1 response and influence tumor growth. In this study, we investigated the effect of variable intracellular ascorbate levels on HIF1 induction in cancer cells in vitro, and on tumor-take rate and growth in the Gulo−/− mouse. These mice depend on dietary ascorbate, and were supplemented with 3,300 mg/L, 330 mg/L, or 33 mg/L ascorbate in their drinking water, resulting in saturating, medium, or low plasma and tissue ascorbate levels, respectively. In Lewis lung carcinoma cells (LL/2) in culture, optimal ascorbate supplementation reduced HIF1 accumulation under physiological but not pathological hypoxia. LL/2, B16-F10 melanoma, or CMT-93 colorectal cancer cells were implanted subcutaneously into Gulo−/− mice at a range of cell inocula. Establishment of B16-F10 tumors in mice supplemented with 3,300 mg/L ascorbate required an increased number of cancer cells to initiate tumor growth compared with the number of cells required in mice on suboptimal ascorbate intake. Elevated ascorbate intake was also associated with decreased tumor ascorbate levels and a reduction in HIF1α expression and transcriptional activity. Following initial growth, all CMT-93 tumors regressed spontaneously, but mice supplemented with 33 mg/L ascorbate had lower plasma ascorbate levels and grew larger tumors than optimally supplemented mice. The data from this study indicate that improved ascorbate intake is consistent with increased intracellular ascorbate levels, reduced HIF1 activity and reduced tumor initiation and growth, and this may be advantageous in the management of cancer.

  16. Taking Aim At Guns...Gun Control Lessons for Intermediate, Junior and Senior High Schools. A Teacher's Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

    This guide is intended to assist classroom teachers in developing lessons revolving around New York's 1980 handgun control law. It contains model lesson plans and a section on resource materials designed to provide insight into the law and its ramifications. The guide is designed for use in intermediate, junior and senior high schools. (Author/APM)

  17. Taking Teachers' Continuous Professional Development (CPD) beyond Reflection: Adding Shared Sense-Making and Collaborative Engagement for Professional Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArdle, Karen; Coutts, Norman

    2010-01-01

    While reflection continues to be promoted as a central feature of teachers' continuous professional development (CPD) activities in Scotland and elsewhere, a wider debate across professions and national boundaries has opened as to how reflection might be re-conceptualised to restore its social and critical dimensions. This paper seeks to…

  18. What Is Happening when Teachers of 11-13-Year-Old Students Take Guided Reading: A New Zealand Snapshot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Jo Florence; Greenwood, Janinka; Grimley, Michael; Parkhill, Faye; Davis, Niki

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on eight teachers nominated as effective in teaching reading to 11-13-year-old students. Data consisted of interviews and unstructured and structured observations of the guided reading lessons. The qualitative data and their analysis explored the research participants' views to give more detail and filter the quantitative…

  19. "It Just Takes so Much Time!" A Study of Teachers' Use of ICT to Convey Relevance of Mathematical Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto-Rodriguez, Elena

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports on a component of a study which aims to determine how ICT, and in particular some of the technology funded as part of Australian government's DER (Digital Education Revolution) program, is used by teachers in the state of New South Wales. The study looks in particular at whether technology is used to incorporate real-world…

  20. Taking on the Teacher Supply and Retention Challenge: A Performance Focused Model for School-University Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Dorian; Reeves, William E.; Wilson, Eric; O'Dell, Lisa; Egan, Toby Marshall

    2004-01-01

    In this case study, we describe a strategic initiative that partnered public schools with the fifth largest land-grant university system in the United States to improve statewide recruitment, training, hiring, and retention of K-12 teachers. This effort sought parallel implementation among nine university system institutions in partnership with…

  1. Ascorbate availability affects tumor implantation-take rate and increases tumor rejection in Gulo–/– mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campbell EJ

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth J Campbell,1 Margreet CM Vissers,2 Gabi U Dachs1 1Mackenzie Cancer Research Group, 2Centre for Free Radical Research, Department of Pathology, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand Abstract: In solid tumors, HIF1 upregulates the expression of hundreds of genes involved in cell survival, tumor growth, and adaptation to the hypoxic microenvironment. HIF1 stabilization and activity are suppressed by prolyl and asparagine hydroxylases, which require oxygen as a substrate and ascorbate as a cofactor. This has led us to hypothesize that intracellular ascorbate availability could modify the hypoxic HIF1 response and influence tumor growth. In this study, we investigated the effect of variable intracellular ascorbate levels on HIF1 induction in cancer cells in vitro, and on tumor-take rate and growth in the Gulo–/– mouse. These mice depend on dietary ascorbate, and were supplemented with 3,300 mg/L, 330 mg/L, or 33 mg/L ascorbate in their drinking water, resulting in saturating, medium, or low plasma and tissue ascorbate levels, respectively. In Lewis lung carcinoma cells (LL/2 in culture, optimal ascorbate supplementation reduced HIF1 accumulation under physiological but not pathological hypoxia. LL/2, B16-F10 melanoma, or CMT-93 colorectal cancer cells were implanted subcutaneously into Gulo–/– mice at a range of cell inocula. Establishment of B16-F10 tumors in mice supplemented with 3,300 mg/L ascorbate required an increased number of cancer cells to initiate tumor growth compared with the number of cells required in mice on suboptimal ascorbate intake. Elevated ascorbate intake was also associated with decreased tumor ascorbate levels and a reduction in HIF1α expression and transcriptional activity. Following initial growth, all CMT-93 tumors regressed spontaneously, but mice supplemented with 33 mg/L ascorbate had lower plasma ascorbate levels and grew larger tumors than optimally supplemented mice. The data from this

  2. Classroom Profiling Training: Increasing Preservice Teachers' Confidence and Knowledge of Classroom Management Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Cliff; Simoncini, Kym; Davidson, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Classroom management is a serious concern for beginning teachers including preservice teachers. The Queensland Department of Education, Training and Employment (DETE) has developed the Essential Skills for Classroom Management (ESCM), a system of positive and pro-active strategies for maintaining supportive learning environments. In addition, the…

  3. Students with Disabilities: Perspectives of Regular Education Teachers of Increased Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Mindy

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore regular education teachers' perceptions of inclusion. The participants of this study were K-12 regular education teachers located in Tennessee's First region. Specifically, this research explored (1) perceptions of the impact of inclusion on instructional strategies, (2) perceived level of preparedness to…

  4. Teachers and Game-Based Learning: Improving Understanding of How to Increase Efficacy of Adoption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketelhut, Diane Jass; Schifter, Catherine C.

    2011-01-01

    Interest in game-based learning for K-12 is growing. Thus, helping teachers understand how to use these new pedagogies is important. This paper presents a cross-case study of the development of teacher professional development for the River City project, a games-based multi-user virtual environment science curriculum project for middle school…

  5. Teacher Research Programs: An Effective Form of Professional Development to Increase Student Achievement and Benefit the Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubner, J.

    2008-12-01

    U.S. high school students perform markedly less well in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) than students in other economically advanced countries. This low level of STEM performance endangers our democracy and economy. The President's Council of Advisors in Science and Technology's 2004 report attributed the shortfall of students attracted to the sciences is a result of the dearth of teachers sufficiently conversant with science and scientists to enable them to communicate to their students the excitement of scientific exploration and discovery, and the opportunities science provides for highly rewarding and remunerative careers. Nonetheless, the United States has made little progress in correcting these deficiencies. Studies have shown that high-quality teaching matters more to student achievement than anything else schools do. This belief is buttressed by evidence from Columbia University's Summer Research Program for Science Teachers (SRP) that highly motivated, in-service science teachers require professional development to enable them and their students to perform up to their potential. Columbia's Summer Research Program is based on the premise that to teach science effectively requires experience in using the tools of contemporary science to answer unsolved questions. From its inception, SRP's goal has been to enhance interest and improve performance in science of students. It seeks to achieve this goal by increasing the professional competence of teachers. The reports of Elmore, Sanders and Rivers, and our own studies, show that professional development is a "key lever for improving student outcomes." While most middle and high school science teachers have taken college science courses that include cookbook laboratory exercises, the vast majority of them have never attempted to answer an unsolved question. Just as student learning depends on the expertise of teachers, the expertise of teachers depends on the quality of their professional

  6. Taking peer victimization research to the next level: complex interactions among genes, teacher attitudes/behaviors, peer ecologies, & classroom characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espelage, Dorothy L

    2015-01-01

    This commentary reviews research findings of the five papers in the special entitled "School-related Factors in the Development of Bullying Perpetration and Victimization", which represent critical areas that are often overlooked in the literature. First, one paper points to the complex interaction between a genetic disposition for aggression and classroom norms toward aggression. Second, an intervention paper unpacks the underlying mechanisms of an efficacious school-wide bully prevention program by opening the "black box" and testing for mediators. Third, the remaining studies employ a wide range of rigorous designs to identify how teachers' attitudes, behaviors, and classroom practices play a critical role in the prevalence of victimization and bullying in the classroom. Further, teachers' attitudes and behaviors are shown to be predictive of youth's willingness to intervene to assist a peer who is being victimized. Results are situated in what is known about bullying prevention, and how the findings from these studies could maximize the sensitivity of future prevention efforts. PMID:25345834

  7. Mars Rover Curriculum: Teacher Self Reporting of Increased Frequency and Confidence in their Science and Language Arts Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bering, E. A.; Carlson, C.; Nieser, K.; Slagle, E.

    2013-12-01

    The University of Houston is in the process of developing a flexible program that offers children an in-depth educational experience culminating in the design and construction of their own model Mars rover. The program is called the Mars Rover Model Celebration (MRC). It focuses on students, teachers and parents in grades 3-8. Students design and build a model of a Mars rover to carry out a student selected science mission on the surface of Mars. A total of 65 Mars Rover teachers from the 2012-2013 cohort were invited to complete the Mars Rover Teacher Evaluation Survey. The survey was administered online and could be taken at the convenience of the participant. In total, 29 teachers participated in the survey. Teachers were asked to rate their current level of confidence in their ability to teach specific topics within the Earth and Life Science realms, as well as their confidence in their ability to implement teaching strategies with their students. In addition, they were asked to rate the degree to which they felt their confidence increased in the past year as a result of their participation in the MRC program. The majority of teachers (81-90%) felt somewhat to very confident in their ability to effectively teach concepts related to earth and life sciences to their students. In addition, many of the teachers felt that their confidence in teaching these concepts increased somewhat to quite a bit as a result of their participation in the MRC program (54-88%). The most striking increase in this area was the reported 48% of teachers who felt their confidence in teaching 'Earth and the solar system and universe' increased 'Quite a bit' as a result of their participation in the MRC program. The vast majority of teachers (86-100%) felt somewhat to very confident in their ability to effectively implement all of the listed teaching strategies. In addition, the vast majority reported believing that their confidence increased somewhat to quite a bit as a result of their

  8. Is Conformity a Mediating Variable on Increased Risk-Taking Behavior Across Years of Membership in the Greek System?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHLOË ELIZABETH LEE-ZORN

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In the college subculture of Greek Life, members adhere to specific rules and norms in order to remain accepted, which could beindicative of conformity. This notion raises the question: what is the role of conformity on the risk taking behaviors of alcoholusage and sexual promiscuity as well as on the academic performance across years of membership? The article examines conformityin 31 fraternity members, cross-sectionally, using a compressed longitudinal design and hypothesizes members develop lower levelsof conformity after initiation, making them less susceptible to risk taking behaviors such as binge drinking, sexual promiscuityand decreased academic performance. Surveys were administered in paper format, and results were evaluated using a series ofanalysis of variance equations. The results indicated an interaction effect between peer conformity (high, low and alcoholicbeverages consumed as well as a main effects for between peer involvement (high, low and time on college GPA.

  9. Use of the Semantic Web to solve some basic problems in Education: Increase flexible, distributed lifelong learning, decrease teacher's workload

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2003-01-01

    Please refer to: Koper, R. (2004). Use of the Semantic Web to Solve Some Basic Problems in Education: Increase Flexible, Distributed Lifelong Learning, Decrease Teacher's Workload. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2004 (6). Special Issue on the Educational Semantic Web. ISSN:1365-893X [

  10. Taking Teacher Education to Task: Exploring the Role of Faculty Education in Promoting Values and Moral Education of Task-Based Language Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Gabriel C. Delariarte

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available - This study aimed to determine the taking teacher education to task: exploring the role of teacher education in promoting values and moral education of task-based language teaching in the college of education of West Visayas State University Calinog-Campus for the school year 2012-2013. Descriptive research method was utilized in the study. The findings revealed that the respondents perceived highly observable Teachers’ role in promoting values and moral education of task-based language teaching; the entire group of respondents has perceived highly observable Teachers’ role in promoting values and moral education of task-based language teaching; both male and female respondent have perceived a highly observable Teachers’ role in promoting values and moral education of task-based language teaching; all age brackets have perceived a highly observable Teachers’ role in promoting values and moral education of task-based language teaching except 19 to 20 brackets that perceived very highly observable Teachers’ role in promoting values and moral education of taskbased language teaching. Finally, there is no significant difference in the perceived teacher’s role in promoting values and moral education of task-based language teaching when classified as to sex and age.

  11. Increasing the reach: Involving local Muslim religious teachers in a behavioral intervention to eliminate urogenital schistosomiasis in Zanzibar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celone, Mike; Person, Bobbie; Ali, Said M; Lyimo, Jameelat H; Mohammed, Ulfat A; Khamis, Alippo N; Mohammed, Yussra S; Mohammed, Khalfan A; Rollinson, David; Knopp, Stefanie

    2016-11-01

    In Zanzibar, United Republic of Tanzania, Madrassa schools are influential institutions, where children and adults can learn about the interpretation of the Koran. We aimed to explore the involvement of Madrassa teachers for behavior change interventions in a randomized operational research trial designed to investigate the impact of multiple approaches to eliminate urogenital schistosomiasis transmission from Zanzibar. Madrassa teachers performing in the 30 communities of the behavior change study arm were trained in new interactive and participatory teaching methods by the local behavioral team and provided with schistosomiasis-teaching tools for teaching about transmission and prevention in their Madrassa. In July 2014, in a qualitative research study, we conducted 25 semi-structured interviews with Madrassa teachers to find out how they perceived their involvement in interventions against schistosomiasis. In 2014, 5926 among the 8497 registered Madrassa students in 30 communities on Unguja and Pemba islands received health education and participated in interactive behavior change exercises about schistosomiasis. Madrassa teachers reported that they valued their inclusion in the study and the opportunity to educate their students about schistosomiasis transmission, prevention, and treatment. They also perceived personal and community benefits as a result of their training and strongly supported the inclusion of additional Madrassa teachers in future intervention activities. Madrassa teachers are influential in the Zanzibari society, and hence are important change agents within our community-level behavioral intervention. They might constitute an untapped resource that can help to expand and increase acceptance of and participation in schistosomiasis and other neglected tropical disease control activities in African Muslim communities. PMID:27498244

  12. Modeling the Roles of Precipitation Increasing in Glacier Systems Responding to Climate Warming - Taking Xinjiang Glaciated Region as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xin; XIE Zichu; LIU Shiyin; TAO Jianjun; HAN Yongshun; YANG Yuelong

    2005-01-01

    The studies on prediction of climate in Xinjiang almost show that the precipitation would increase in the coming 50 years, although there were surely some uncertainties in precipitation predictions.On the basis of the structure of glacier system and nature of equilibrium line altitude at steady state (ELAo), a functional model of the glacier system responding to climate changes was established, and it simultaneously involved the rising of summer mean temperature and increasing of mean precipitation.The results from the functional model under the climatic scenarios with temperature increasing rates of 0.01, 0.03 and 0.05 K/year indicated that the precipitation increasing would play an evident role in glacier system responding to climate change: if temperature become 1℃ higher, the precipitation would be increased by 10%, which can slow down the glaciers retreating rate in the area by 4%, accelerate runoff increasing rate by 8% and depress the ELAo rising gradient by 24 m in northern Xinjiang glacier system where semi-continental glaciers dominate,while it has corresponding values of only 1%, 5 % and 18m respectively in southern Xinjiang glacier system,where extremely continental glaciers dominate.

  13. Increasing New Teachers' Specific Praise Using a within-School Consultation Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briere, Donald E.; Simonsen, Brandi; Sugai, George; Myers, Diane

    2015-01-01

    Specific praise is an empirically supported classroom management strategy associated with desired academic and behavioral student outcomes when implemented appropriately in classrooms. Unfortunately, new teachers often begin their careers without the background knowledge or support to implement this strategy effectively and consistently. We…

  14. The Role of Technology in Increasing Preservice Teachers' Anticipation of Students' Thinking in Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhine, Steve; Harrington, Rachel; Olszewski, Brandon

    2015-01-01

    The collision between a growing, inexperienced teaching force and students' algebra struggles should be one of great concern. A collaboration of four public and private universities in Oregon restructured mathematics methods courses for preservice teacher candidates by using the affordances of technology to counteract this loss of experience. Over…

  15. Impact of a Cultural Self-Analysis Project: Increasing Early Childhood Preservice Teachers' Cultural Competency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, David P.; Miller, Kevin J.; Dominguez, Laura C.

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the impact of a Cultural Self-Analysis (CSA) Project on early childhood undergraduate preservice teachers' cultural awareness and dispositions toward working with culturally diverse students and families. The project was based on the ABC's of Cultural Understanding and Communication, a model designed to facilitate the…

  16. Classroom Composition and Measured Teacher Performance: What Do Teacher Observation Scores Really Measure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Matthew P.; Garrett, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    As states and districts implement more rigorous teacher evaluation systems, measures of teacher performance are increasingly being used to support instruction and inform retention decisions. Classroom observations take a central role in these systems, accounting for the majority of teacher ratings upon which accountability decisions are based.…

  17. Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS increases risk taking behavior in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tal eSela

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The process of evaluating risks and benefits involves a complex neural network that includes the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC. It has been proposed that in conflict and reward situations, theta-band (4–8 Hz oscillatory activity in the frontal cortex may reflect an electrophysiological mechanism for coordinating neural networks monitoring behavior, as well as facilitating task-specific adaptive changes. The goal of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that theta-band oscillatory balance between right and left frontal and prefrontal regions, with a predominance role to the right hemisphere, is crucial for regulatory control during decision-making under risk. In order to explore this hypothesis, we used transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS, a novel technique that provides the opportunity to explore the functional role of neuronal oscillatory activities and to establish a causal link between specific oscillations and functional lateralization in risky decision-making situations. For this aim, healthy participants were randomly allocated to one of three stimulation groups (LH stimulation / RH stimulation / Sham stimulation, with active AC stimulation delivered in a frequency-dependent manner (at 6.5 Hz; 1mA peak to-peak. During the AC stimulation, participants performed the Balloon Analog Risk Task. This experiment revealed that participants receiving LH stimulation displayed riskier decision-making style compared to sham and RH stimulation groups. However, there was no difference in decision-making behaviors between sham and RH stimulation groups. The current study extends the notion that DLPFC activity is critical for adaptive decision-making in the context of risk-taking and emphasis the role of theta-band oscillatory activity during risky decision-making situations.

  18. News Competition: School team launches a rocket Conference: Norway focuses on physics teaching Science on Stage: Canadian science acts take to the stage Particle Physics: Teachers get a surprise at CERN Teaching: Exploring how students learn physics University: Oxford opens doors to science teachers Lasers: Lasers shine light on meeting Science Fair: Malawi promotes science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    Competition: School team launches a rocket Conference: Norway focuses on physics teaching Science on Stage: Canadian science acts take to the stage Particle Physics: Teachers get a surprise at CERN Teaching: Exploring how students learn physics University: Oxford opens doors to science teachers Lasers: Lasers shine light on meeting Science Fair: Malawi promotes science education

  19. Stress-related increases in risk taking and attentional failures predict earlier relapse to smoking in young adults: A pilot investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schepis, Ty S; Tapscott, Brian E; Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra

    2016-04-01

    Substantial evidence links greater impulsivity and stress exposure to poorer smoking cessation outcomes. Results from adolescents also indicate that stress-related change in risk taking can impede cessation attempts. We investigated the effects of stress-related change in impulsivity, risk taking, attention and nicotine withdrawal, and craving in young adult smokers on time to smoking relapse in a relapse analogue paradigm. Twenty-six young adult smokers (50% women; mean age: 20.9 ± 1.8) were exposed to a stress imagery session followed by a contingency management-based relapse analogue paradigm. Participants smoked at least 5 cigarettes daily, with a mean baseline carbon monoxide (CO) level of 13.7 (±5.1) ppm. Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired t tests examined stress induction validity and Cox regressions of proportional hazards examined the effects of stress-related changes in nicotine withdrawal, nicotine craving, attention, impulsivity, and risk taking on time to relapse. While stress-related change in impulsivity, nicotine craving and withdrawal did not predict time to relapse (all ps > .10), greater stress-related increases in reaction time (RT) variability (p = .02) were predictive of shorter time to relapse, with trend-level findings for inattention and risk taking. Furthermore, changes in stress-related risk taking affected outcome in women more than in men, with a significant relationship between stress-related change in risk taking only in women (p = .026). Smoking cessation attempts in young adults may be adversely impacted by stress-related increases in risk taking and attentional disruption. Clinicians working with young adults attempting cessation may need to target these stress-related impairments by fostering more adaptive coping and resilience. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26901590

  20. Increased Risk of Hospitalization Related to Motor Vehicle Accidents Among People Taking Zolpidem: A Case–Crossover Study

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yao-Hsu; Lai, Jung-Nien; Lee, Chang-Hsing; Wang, Jung-Der; Chen, Pau-Chung

    2011-01-01

    Background Several epidemiological and experimental studies have found a positive association between the risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) and use of zopiclone and benzodiazepines. There is, however, little evidence of any risk of MVA attributable to the use of zolpidem 1 day before such accidents. We attempted to determine whether the use of zolpidem 1 day before is associated with an increased risk of an MVA. Methods Using a 1-million-person randomly sampled cohort from the Taiwan Nat...

  1. Evidence Suggests That The ACA's Tobacco Surcharges Reduced Insurance Take-Up And Did Not Increase Smoking Cessation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Abigail S; Schpero, William L; Busch, Susan H

    2016-07-01

    To account for tobacco users' excess health care costs and encourage cessation, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) allowed insurers to impose a surcharge on tobacco users' premiums for plans offered on the health insurance exchanges, or Marketplaces. Low-income tax credits for Marketplace coverage were based on premiums for non-tobacco users, which means that these credits did not offset any surcharge costs. Thus, this policy greatly increased out-of-pocket premiums for many tobacco users. Using data for 2011-14 from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we examined the effect of tobacco surcharges on insurance status and smoking cessation in the first year of the exchanges' implementation, among adults most likely to purchase insurance from them. Relative to smokers who faced no surcharges, smokers facing medium or high surcharges had significantly reduced coverage (reductions of 4.3 percentage points and 11.6 percentage points, respectively), but no significant differences in smoking cessation. In contrast, those facing low surcharges showed significantly less smoking cessation. Taken together, these findings suggest that tobacco surcharges conflicted with a major goal of the ACA-increased financial protection-without increasing smoking cessation. States should consider these potential effects when deciding whether to limit surcharges to less than the federal maximum. PMID:27385231

  2. Increasing Cultural And Linguistic Diversity In Deaf Education Teacher Preparation Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Joanna E; Luckner, John L

    2016-01-01

    As the field of education of the d/Deaf and hard of hearing (d/Dhh) continues to diversify, postsecondary institutions must pay close attention not only to the changing needs of d/Dhh students but to the practitioners they are preparing to serve this population. Students who are d/Dhh and come from homes where a language other than English or American Sign Language is used--d/Dhh Multilingual Learners (DMLs)--constitute 19.4%-35.0% of the d/Dhh student population (Gallaudet Research Institute, 2013). In the present article, part of a special American Annals of the Deaf issue on DMLs, the authors review demographic trends, examine the theory behind teacher effectiveness and culturally responsive teaching, provide examples from research on effective components of teacher preparation programs and discuss how they align with the field's certification standards, and recommend practices for programs and teachers to meet these standards within the field's ever-changing landscape.

  3. Increasing Cultural And Linguistic Diversity In Deaf Education Teacher Preparation Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Joanna E; Luckner, John L

    2016-01-01

    As the field of education of the d/Deaf and hard of hearing (d/Dhh) continues to diversify, postsecondary institutions must pay close attention not only to the changing needs of d/Dhh students but to the practitioners they are preparing to serve this population. Students who are d/Dhh and come from homes where a language other than English or American Sign Language is used--d/Dhh Multilingual Learners (DMLs)--constitute 19.4%-35.0% of the d/Dhh student population (Gallaudet Research Institute, 2013). In the present article, part of a special American Annals of the Deaf issue on DMLs, the authors review demographic trends, examine the theory behind teacher effectiveness and culturally responsive teaching, provide examples from research on effective components of teacher preparation programs and discuss how they align with the field's certification standards, and recommend practices for programs and teachers to meet these standards within the field's ever-changing landscape. PMID:27156920

  4. Competition, Economic Rationalization, Increased Surveillance, and Attacks on Diversity: Neo-Liberalism and the Transformation of Teacher Education in the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeichner, Ken

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses recent developments in U.S. teacher education that are tied to the global neo-liberal project. The focus is on how changes experienced throughout the world have played out in the U.S. Three areas are addressed in particular: the commodification of teacher education, hyperrationality and increased accountability, and attacks on…

  5. Increasing Bellevue School District's elementary teachers' capacity for teaching inquiry-based science: Using ideas from contemporary learning theory to inform professional development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maury, Tracy Anne

    This Capstone project examined how leaders in the Bellevue School District can increase elementary teachers' capacity for teaching inquiry-based science through the use of professional learning activities that are grounded in ideas from human learning theory. A framework for professional development was constructed and from that framework, a set of professional learning activities were developed as a means to support teacher learning while project participants piloted new curriculum called the Isopod Habitat Challenge. Teachers in the project increased their understanding of the learning theory principles of preconceptions and metacognition. Teachers did not increase their understanding of the principle of learning with understanding, although they did articulate the significance of engaging children in student-led inquiry cycles. Data from the curriculum revision and professional development project coupled with ideas from learning theory, cognition and policy implementation, and learning community literatures suggest Bellevue's leaders can encourage peer-to-peer interaction, link professional development to teachers' daily practice, and capitalize on technology as ways to increase elementary teachers' capacity for teaching inquiry-based science. These lessons also have significance for supporting teacher learning and efficacy in other subject areas and at other levels in the system.

  6. Are Special Education Teachers Prepared to Teach the Increasing Number of Students Diagnosed with Autism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loiacono, Vito; Allen, Barton

    2008-01-01

    In America, the number of children diagnosed with autism has increased to 1 out of every 150. The current trend in special education appears to support integrated education. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is recognized by many as a very effective instructional methodology in teaching children with autism. Parents are increasingly requesting that…

  7. 'It Takes Me Half a Bottle of Whisky to Get through One of Your Assignments': Exploring One Teacher Educator's Personal Experiences of Dyslexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glazzard, Jonathan; Dale, Kirsty

    2015-05-01

    This article uses a life history approach to explore personal experiences of dyslexia of one higher-education lecturer and its impact on her professional identity. The informant is currently employed as a lecturer of initial teacher training in a UK university. She worked as a primary school teacher for over a decade prior to embarking on an academic career in teacher education. The informant draws on her own experiences as a pupil, teacher and lecturer, and additionally, she presents accounts of student teachers with dyslexia drawn from her current professional context. Although the data are not generalizable, the account nevertheless illustrates the positive impact of the social model of disability for the informant and her students who had been identified as dyslexic during their initial training as teachers. Additionally, the account also illustrates the ways in which teachers' personal experiences of dyslexia can shape professional identities in very positive ways. Implications for both teacher training and pedagogic approaches in schools to support learners with dyslexia are drawn out of the narrative.

  8. Future Career Success for Teachers of ESP in Teacher Professionalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯鑫初; 陈兆东

    2013-01-01

    To be a qualified teacher in the new age, teachers of ESP (English for Specific Purposes) should increase their professional awareness:teachers are professionals and educators. A profession needs constant upgrade of the knowledge in the field. It requires continuous development for teachers who are engage in the field. It also takes a lot of research ef orts to ensure its success and ef iciency in operation. More than that, teachers of ESP, the professionals in the near future, should also set another two criteria for themselves. They are occupation awareness and career success. To make it more accurate, the thesis tries to have a smal discussion over the criteria and bring some acceleration to teachers of ESP’s professional development.

  9. 10,000th teacher visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Kathryn Coldham

    2016-01-01

    This year, the 10,000th teacher will visit CERN since its first teacher programme in 1998.   HST 2016 teachers with CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti in the CERN Council Chamber. (Image: Maximilien Brice/CERN) This summer, CERN welcomed the 10,000th teacher to participate in one of its teacher programmes! This milestone was achieved in this year’s International High School Teacher (HST) programme, a three-week residential programme that saw 48 enthusiastic teachers flock from all over the world to help inspire young minds. Taking place every July since 1998, the HST programme aims to increase teachers’ knowledge on the cutting-edge particle physics research currently being carried out at CERN. It also opens up a whole new world of educational resources available for use by the teachers to inspire their students’ curious young minds. More information is available here.

  10. Taking Stock: A report from the UK Teacher Education Network for sustainable development (ESD) /global citizenship (GC) - survey on provision for ESD/GC in initial teacher education in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Hunt, F.; Li Ting Chung, H.; Rogers, M.; Inman, S.

    2011-01-01

    In 2009-10, the UK Teacher Education (TE) Network for Education for Sustainable Development and Global Citizenship (ESDGC) developed and implemented anemail survey to explore how teacher educators approach ESDGC in their courseprovision. The survey aimed to establish the pattern of Teacher Educationprovision for sustainable development/global citizenship across the UK in primaryand secondary so as to work with colleagues to support and develop provision in amore consistent form. It was sent t...

  11. Field Experience + Inclusive ECE Classrooms = Increased Preservice Teacher Efficacy in Working with Students with Developmental Delays or Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atiles, Julia T.; Jones, Jennifer L.; Kim, Hyunjin

    2012-01-01

    The current study examined whether field placements within an inclusive classroom are associated with improved preservice teacher's efficacy when working with children with developmental delays or disabilities. Study participants were 165 undergraduate students enrolled in primary teacher education classes at a Midwestern university. Participants…

  12. Using Tele-Coaching to Increase Behavior-Specific Praise Delivered by Secondary Teachers in an Augmented Reality Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elford, Martha Denton

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes the effects of real-time feedback on teacher behavior in an augmented reality simulation environment. Real-time feedback prompts teachers to deliver behavior-specific praise to students in the TeachLivE KU Lab as an evidence-based practice known to decrease disruptive behavior in inclusive classrooms. All educators face the…

  13. Effects of Supervisor Performance Feedback on Increasing Preservice Teachers' Positive Communication Behaviors with Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathel, Jeanna Marie; Drasgow, Erik; Christle, Christine C.

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of supervisor performance feedback on preservice teachers' rates of positive and negative communication behaviors with students with emotional and behavioral disorders and the effects of the intervention on the preservice teachers' perceptions of classroom management and climate. The authors…

  14. Electronic Portfolios in Teacher Education: A Case Study of Early Childhood Teacher Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntuli, Esther; Keengwe, Jared; Kyei-Blankson, Lydia

    2009-01-01

    The use of electronic portfolios is increasingly becoming popular in teacher education programs. The electronic portfolio allows learners to express their work and take ownership over their own ability to plan and assess and reflect upon their learning during a specific period of time. While many teacher education programs have adopted electronic…

  15. Teacher Leadership: What Are Teachers Currently Practicing and What Do They Want to Practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sides, Lindsey Rutherford

    2010-01-01

    School leadership theory has evolved since the 1980s from the traditional, hierarchical model to a democratic vision of leadership as an organizational phenomenon (Ogawa & Bossert, 1995). When classroom teachers are engaged in leadership activities, collective empowerment takes root and teachers' commitment to school goals increases. The purpose…

  16. Taking antacids

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heart disease. You are on a low-sodium diet. You are already taking calcium. You are taking other medicines every day. You have had kidney stones. Alternate Names Heartburn - self-care References Ferrandino MN, ...

  17. Physics Take-Outs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riendeau, Diane; Hawkins, Stephanie; Beutlich, Scott

    2016-03-01

    Most teachers want students to think about their course content not only during class but also throughout their day. So, how do you get your students to see how what they learn in class applies to their lives outside of class? As physics teachers, we are fortunate that our students are continually surrounded by our content. How can we get them to notice the physics around them? How can we get them to make connections between the classroom content and their everyday lives? We would like to offer a few suggestions, Physics Take-Outs, to solve this problem.

  18. Enhancing Playful Teachers' Perception of the Importance of ICT Use in the Classroom: The Role of Risk Taking as a Mediator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, A. Lin; Low, Ee Ling; Ng, Pak Tee; Yeung, Alexander S.; Cai, Li

    2015-01-01

    In today's world, teaching and learning processes inevitably involve the application of information and communication technology (ICT). It seems reasonable to expect personal attributes such as cognitive playfulness to be associated with consistent application of ICT. Using survey responses from Singapore students in a teacher education programme…

  19. 美国教师教育中对实习生的评价研究——以马塞诸塞州某州立大学教育学院为例%Research on Evaluation of Student Teacher in America Teacher Education --Taking School of Education of A State University in MA as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申卫革

    2012-01-01

    本研究以美国马塞诸塞州某州立大学教育学院为案例,对美国职前教师教育中实习生的评价体系作了研究。美国职前教师教育中对实习生有系统而全面的评价标准,SIOP和PPA是重要的评价工具,评价指标体系具体、清晰,评价主体多元且权责明确,并且实习成绩与教师资格证的申请紧密相关,这些对我国教师教育中的实习管理都有借鉴意义。%Taking the practicum of school of education of a state university in MA as an example, we did some research on the evaluation of student teacher in America teacher education. SlOP and PPA are the most important evaluation tools. The evaluation standards are systematic, comprehensive, and clear. Different evaluators are responsible for assessments. Per- formance of student teacher plays a significant role in applying for teacher license. The experience of evaluation of student teacher in MA is an important enlightenment to the internship of teacher education in China.

  20. The Brief Classroom Interaction Observation-Revised: An Observation System to Inform and Increase Teacher Use of Universal Classroom Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinke, Wendy M.; Stormont, Melissa; Herman, Keith C.; Wachsmuth, Sean; Newcomer, Lori

    2015-01-01

    Schools are increasingly using multi-tiered prevention models to address the academic and behavior needs of students. The foundation of these models is the implementation of universal, or Tier 1, practices designed to support the academic and behavioral needs of the vast majority of students. To support teachers in the use of effective Tier 1…

  1. Increasing the Chances of Implementing NGSS by Bolstering High School Teacher Knowledge and Views about Climate Change, a NICE NASA Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleicher, R. E.

    2013-12-01

    Purpose of Presentation This paper will highlight how the results of this initial study foreshadow possibilities of NGSS (NGSS, 2013) playing out in high school classrooms in the near future. Research findings from a three-year NASA-funded project, Promoting Educational Leadership in Climate Science (PEL) will be presented. Objectives and Research Questions PEL aims to increase climate science literacy in high school teachers and students through scientific argumentation using authentic NASA data. This initial study focuses on the following questions: 1. Are teachers increasing their climate science knowledge? 2. Are there changes in teachers' views about climate change? 3. What resources and are provided to assist teachers to develop their students' scientific argumentation skills? Theoretical Framework Because of the changing nature of climate science knowledge and its relevance to societal issues, teachers must be able to understand the basic concepts and remain up-to-date on scientific issues. The need for a more thorough understanding of the concepts of climate change are highlighted by recent studies on the public perceptions and attitudes on the subject (Leiserowitz et al., 2013). Teachers need to understand the difference between skepticism as a characteristic of the nature of science and denial of climate change (Sommervillle & Hasol, 2011). Teachers need to understand the natural and human-induced factors affecting climate, and the potential consequences, and ways to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Generally, when teachers learn about a subject, they demonstrate more self-efficacy to teach about it (Bleicher & Lindgren, 2005). Analytic Strategy Data were analyzed using paired-samples t-tests, independent t -tests, and ANOVA. Latent class analysis was employed to analyze the Six America's Survey data. Correlational studies were conducted to examine possible relationships among variables. Findings in Brief Teachers' content knowledge increased

  2. It takes a village: the effects of 10th grade college-going expectations of students, parents, and teachers four years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Anne; Huang, Francis

    2013-09-01

    Adolescents are surrounded by people who have expectations about their college-going potential. Yet, few studies have examined the link between these multiple sources of college-going expectations and the actual status of students in postsecondary education years later. The study draws on data collected in the 2002-2006 Educational Longitudinal Study and employs an underutilized statistical technique (cross-classified multilevel modeling) to account for teacher reports on overlapping groups of students (typical of high school research). Results showed that positive expectations of students, parents, English, and mathematics teachers in the 10th grade each uniquely predicted postsecondary status 4 years later. As a group, the four sources of expectations explained greater variance in postsecondary education than student characteristics such as socioeconomic status and academic performance. This suggests positive expectations are additive and promotive for students regardless of their risk status. Teacher expectations were also found to be protective for low income students. Implications for future expectancy research and equity-focused interventions are discussed.

  3. Iranian EFL teachers' perceptions of teacher self-disclosure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rahimi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Teacher self-disclosure (TSD as a communication behavior can influence students' learning by increasing their engagement and class participation as well as helping them establish effective interpersonal relationships. Owning to its context-sensitive and culture-dependent nature, however, TSD topics, purposes, and considerations may vary cross-culturally. This study was an attempt to explore Iranian EFL teachers' perceptions of appropriateness of TSD as well as to investigate whether there was a significant difference between male and female teachers' perceptions of appropriateness of TSD. To this end, the Appropriateness of Teacher Self-Disclosure Scale was distributed among 68 Iranian EFL teachers (34 females and 34 males from six language institutes. The results of the study indicated the extent to which the Iranian EFL teachers perceived TSD topics, purposes, and considerations to be appropriate or inappropriate. Furthermore, the study found convergence and divergence between male and female teachers' perceptions in terms of the topics used in TSD, the purposes TSD serves in classroom, and considerations the teachers take into account when practicing TSD. The results of the study suggest that Iranian EFL teachers can practice TSD as a pedagogical tool to enhance learning although they should be wary of its consequences in some aspects as TSD is contingent upon context and culture.

  4. "三年行动计划"后农村幼儿教师工作满意度调查研究——以S县为例%Rdral Preschool Teachers' Job Satisfaction after the"Three Year Project of Preschool Eddcation"-Taking S County as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 杨晓萍

    2015-01-01

    The rural preschool teachers' job satisfactions not only relate to the teachers' quality of life as human beings,but also relate to the quality improvement and sustainable development of pre-school education in rural areas .Taking 110 teachers in S county as samples,using questionnaire and interview,it is concluded that:after the"three year project of preschool education",although the percentage of extremely dis-satisfaction is low,the overall situation of job satisfaction of preschool teachers in rural areas is still insufficient ideal,economic income satisfac-tion is still the lowest one .In order to improve rural preschool teachers' job satisfaction,thus enhancing the overall quality of preschool educa-tion in rural areas,it is urgent to improve teachers' salary .At the same time,improving the management system in preschools and increasing teacher training opportunities are also important .%农村幼儿教师的工作满意度既关乎教师作为人的生存质量 ,也关乎农村地区学前教育质量提升和可持续发展.基于S县110位幼儿教师的调查表明 ,"三年行动计划"后 ,农村幼儿教师工作满意度的总体状况依然不够理想 ,经济收入依然是各维度中满意度最低的一项.为了提升农村幼儿教师工作满意度 ,进而提升农村地区学前教育整体质量水平 ,提高幼儿教师的薪资待遇就显得尤为迫切 ,同时 ,改进幼儿园领导管理水平和增加教师培训进修机会也是重要途径.

  5. Child Development Theory as a Mediator of Novice Teachers' Ethnotheories to Increase Learning and Justice in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardwell, Nancy Michele

    2014-01-01

    Many urban public schools use teaching methods that isolate and silence children to compel compliance (Schwebel, 2004; Saltman & Gabbard, 2003; Baumrind, 1991). In these contexts, black and brown children are disciplined more often and harshly than white, sent through the court system 70% of the time (Alexander, 2012). Novice teachers,…

  6. What Is the Role of Education Technologies in Increasing Information Levels on Nutrition among Primary School Teachers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezenler, Alpay; Caglar, Mehmet

    2007-01-01

    Nutrition is indispensable for human beings from the day they were born to the day they die. Besides having the right information for a balanced diet, it is also important to know how to use such information. This paper evaluates the nutritional knowledge of primary school teachers in Guzelyurt district. The questionnaire was given to 71 teachers…

  7. Expelling Stress for Primary School Teachers: Self-Affirmation Increases Positive Emotions in Teaching and Emotion Reappraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, James; Atkin, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present pilot study was to assess the effect of a brief work-related self-affirming implementation intention (WS-AII) on the well-being of primary school teachers. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: one in which they were asked to create a WS-AII or one in which they were asked to create a control implementation intention (C-II). State anxiety was measured pre- and post-manipulation, self-efficacy at post-manipulation only, and emotions in teaching and emotion regulation at baseline and at a two-week follow-up. There were statistically significant differences between the WS-AII condition and the control. Teachers who created work-related self-affirming implementation intentions reported an immediate reduction in state anxiety. Positive effects extended over the two-week period, with teachers in the WS-AII condition also reporting more positive emotions in teaching and the use of reappraisal emotion regulation strategies rather than emotion suppression. Results suggest that the integration of the WS-AII into existing organisational practice may be of benefit to the well-being of teachers and other highly stressed workers. PMID:27187437

  8. Expelling Stress for Primary School Teachers: Self-Affirmation Increases Positive Emotions in Teaching and Emotion Reappraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Morgan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present pilot study was to assess the effect of a brief work-related self-affirming implementation intention (WS-AII on the well-being of primary school teachers. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: one in which they were asked to create a WS-AII or one in which they were asked to create a control implementation intention (C-II. State anxiety was measured pre- and post-manipulation, self-efficacy at post-manipulation only, and emotions in teaching and emotion regulation at baseline and at a two-week follow-up. There were statistically significant differences between the WS-AII condition and the control. Teachers who created work-related self-affirming implementation intentions reported an immediate reduction in state anxiety. Positive effects extended over the two-week period, with teachers in the WS-AII condition also reporting more positive emotions in teaching and the use of reappraisal emotion regulation strategies rather than emotion suppression. Results suggest that the integration of the WS-AII into existing organisational practice may be of benefit to the well-being of teachers and other highly stressed workers.

  9. Raising Awareness to Transcend Disciplines: Developing Teachers' Critical Awareness across Disciplines to Increase Indigenous Learner Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Tasha

    2014-01-01

    The issue of low graduation rates among Indigenous learners transcends borders. Some argue that racism and discrimination in schools and in wider society impede the success of Indigenous learners. Although teachers may not intend to make discriminatory decisions based on a learner's ascribed characteristics, research has demonstrated that…

  10. A Case Study of Increasing Vocational High School Teachers Practices in Designing Interdisciplinary Use of Scientific Inquiry in Curriculum Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yu-Liang; Wu, Huan-Hung

    2015-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to determine how experience in learning to teach scientific inquiry using a practical approach affected teacher's attitudes, evaluations of use of inquiry and their actual design of inquiry based instruction. The methodology included the use an approach incorporating inquiry methodology combined with a…

  11. Short-term data collection projects: A means to increase teacher content knowledge and bring authentic research experiences into the classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaboardi, M.; Parker, W.; Rodriguez, D.

    2010-12-01

    Short-term field research projects were embedded into a two-week, Mathematics and Science Partnership-funded, teacher institute devoted to increasing content knowledge about the physical basis of climate change. Teams of four teachers were encouraged to ask any research question related to weather or climate, and create a data collection method that they thought might help answer their question. They were provided with a range of measurement devices, from simple immersible thermometers to light sensors, probeware, and carbon dioxide concentration sensors. Teams were expected to design data collection sites in a middle-school setting, present site designs to their peers, collect data, present initial results, and participate in peer-review about site design and data collected. Teachers were encouraged to generate research questions that could be replicated with their students at their schools. Design complexity ranged widely with some teachers deliberately choosing to model sites their students might design and others making full use of more sophisticated technology. On the third day of the institute, each group presented their research question and setup for data collection in poster format. Large gaps in understanding about testable questions and effective data collection methods were apparent. Instead of addressing errors as groups presented, facilitators encouraged participants to explore each groups’ presentation and make comments using post-it notes. Participants were then encouraged to respond to the comments and consider modifying their questions, site designs, or data collection methods. Teams gathered data up to three times daily and were fully responsible for choosing means of data organization; by the second week most were using and becoming familiar with Microsoft Excel. Final presentations were in Microsoft PowerPoint. Teams were expected to graphically report data, present possible interpretations, and discuss any problems related to their initial

  12. Introducing Dialogic Teaching to Science Student Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehesvuori, Sami; Viiri, Jouni; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena

    2011-12-01

    It is commonly believed that science teachers rely on language that allows only minor flexibility when it comes to taking into account contrasting views and pupil thoughts. Too frequently science teachers either pose questions that target predefined answers or simply lecture through lessons, a major concern from a sociocultural perspective. This study reports the experiences of science student teachers when introduced to the Communicative Approach to science education drawing on dialogic teacher-talk in addition to authoritative teacher-talk. This approach was introduced to the students in an interventional teaching program running parallel to the student teachers' field practice. The practical implications of this approach during initial teacher education are the central focus of this study. The data consisting of videos of lessons and interviews indicate that the student teacher awareness of teacher-talk and alternative communicative options did increase. Student teachers reported greater awareness of the different functions of teacher-talk as well as the challenges when trying to implement dialogic teaching.

  13. Taking Turns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Two people take turns selecting from an even number of items. Their relative preferences over the items can be described as a permutation, then tools from algebraic combinatorics can be used to answer various questions. We describe each person's optimal selection strategies including how each could make use of knowing the other's preferences. We…

  14. Expelling Stress for Primary School Teachers: Self-Affirmation Increases Positive Emotions in Teaching and Emotion Reappraisal

    OpenAIRE

    James Morgan; Lisa Atkin

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present pilot study was to assess the effect of a brief work-related self-affirming implementation intention (WS-AII) on the well-being of primary school teachers. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: one in which they were asked to create a WS-AII or one in which they were asked to create a control implementation intention (C-II). State anxiety was measured pre- and post-manipulation, self-efficacy at post-manipulation only, and emotions in teaching a...

  15. Teachers' Understanding of Learning Goals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krog Skott, Charlotte; Slot, Marie Falkesgaard; Carlsen, Dorthe;

    2015-01-01

    in mathematics and Danish-as-a-Mother-Tongue in regard to planning, teaching and assessment. Our research is framed by an explorative design. The informants take part in the research- and development project “Digitally Supported Learning Goals”. In addition to observe teaching, we conduct qualitative interviews......The national curriculum for Danish primary and lower secondary schools has recently changed in a goal-oriented direction. The intention is to increase the teachers´ and students´attention to learning outcome, by making learning goals visible. Danish surveys show that teachers did not use...... the previous curriculum in the intended way in relation to goals (Danmarks Evaluerings Institut, 2012). The surveys also indicate that teachers in general do not articulate learning goals (Skovgaard et al, 2014). Our research investigates how the requirements for goal-orientation influence teachers' practice...

  16. Using of bathtubs on the basis of biologically active agents of a phytogenesis for increase of reserve opportunities at the persons who actively takes sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kotenko K.V.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently considerable interest to application in the medical purposes of the preparations based on vegetable raw materials in connection with their low toxicity and considerable therapeutic efficiency has been increased. The research aimed studying of an influence of chestnut bathtubs on a physical state, functional cardiovascular reserves, vegetative nervous systems, a condition of a psycho-emotional background at the persons who are actively playing sports. Material and Methods. Examination of 30 almost healthy students actively (professionally playing sports was conducted. Results. Application of chestnut bathtubs promoted increase of functional reserves of vegetative nervous system and, therefore, functional reserves of cardiovascular system. Decrease in level of uneasiness and increase of emotional stability and tolerance to a stress was noted. Conclusion. Thus follows that use of chestnut bathtubs promotes increase of level of a physical state and functional reserves of cardiovascular system and vegetative nervous system, and also conducts to improvement of a psycho-emotional condition of the persons who are actively playing sports.

  17. How does an increase in undergraduate teaching load affect GP teacher motivation? A grounded theory study using data from a new medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harding, Alex; Sweeney, Grace

    2013-07-01

    The opening of a new medical school is a cause for celebration. Starting with a clean slate often gives the opportunity to adopt more modern teaching practices. However, encouraging large numbers of clinicians to start teaching and to adopt these new methods brings its own set of challenges. During the expansion phase of a new medical school, it was often noted that new teachers seemed to have considerable difficulties, and often expressed these as negativity towards student placements. This did not chime with much of the work from established schools, which seemed to evaluate expansion of teaching more positively. We wanted to better understand the issues involved. Semi-structured interviews were conducted involving GPs who had received medical students over the first four years of a newly established medical school. The aims were to assess the impact of the students on the new teachers, and to try to better understand why some teachers were experiencing difficulties. We collected qualitative and quantitative data at the interviews. The qualitative data were analysed using grounded theory which aims to link emerging themes together. The findings suggest that as the quantity of teaching medical students increases, the enjoyment and commitment to teaching may decrease. Concerns over the administration of teaching may begin to predominate. Two factors may help to reduce this: 1 Adequate investment in manpower and premises to reduce time and space constraints on teaching. 2 Practices considering themselves as teaching practices where education is a part of the practice identity.

  18. A Lesson in Taking Flight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Kristina

    2016-01-01

    Teachers often tend to discuss their English language learners (ELLs) in terms of "level." Writes the author, "But if I were to say to a teacher, 'You have four level 2s in your class,' how does that help us have a common understanding of the students' needs?" One approach that has great potential to increase students' language…

  19. Taking Part

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulfstjerne, Michael Alexander; Woodworth, Max

    2016-01-01

    desires to participate in urban expansion and to seize for oneself a portion of the local bonanzas in natural resources, property, and finance. The socio-spatial impacts of the financialization of the everyday environment are discussed in relation to urban transformation, the production of a “ghost town......This article examines how a resource bonanza in Ordos Municipality, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in the 2000s translated into broad-based participation in informal lending networks and drove a remarkable, but short-lived, phase of urban expansion and private wealth accumulation. Local lending...... networks inflated enormous credit and property bubbles, which ultimately burst in 2011 with severe ramifications for Ordos's urban expansion and households' livelihoods. Based on fifteen months of ethnographic fieldwork in Ordos, the analysis advances the idea of “taking part” to explore the interconnected...

  20. Taking SESAME to the classroom

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The 2014 High School Teacher Programme (HST) is well under way, and this year it has a distinct Middle Eastern flavour, with eight teachers from the region among the 54 taking part.   Established in the late 1990s, HST is a three-week residential programme in English designed to give teachers a taste of frontier research and promote the teaching of modern physics in high schools. Along with the more than 30 other teacher schools given in the native language of the participants, HST aims to help teachers bring modern physics to the classroom and motivate their students to study science at upper secondary school and university. As part of the HST programme, teachers form working groups to develop lessons based on CERN science. This year, however, with eight teachers coming from Israel, Palestine, Iran and Jordan, all of which are members of SESAME, the international laboratory for Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science Applications in the Middle East, one group is working on a dif...

  1. Fostering Leadership Skills in Pre-Service Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yuejin; Patmor, George

    2012-01-01

    Teacher leadership is about empowering teachers to take a more active role in school improvement. Current pathways to teacher leadership, namely the Teacher Leader Master (TLM) degree program and teacher-led professional development, mainly target in-service teachers. Less attention has been paid to teacher leadership training in current teacher…

  2. Taking Math Anxiety out of Math Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Darla J.

    2007-01-01

    To take math anxiety out of math instruction, teachers need to first know how to easily diagnose it in their students and second, how to analyze causes. Results of a recent study revealed that while students believed that their math anxiety was largely related to a lack of mathematical understanding, they often blamed their teachers for causing…

  3. Taking Responsibility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schipper, Ron; Silvius, Gilbert

    2013-01-01

    In the last 10 to 15 years, the concept of sustainability has grown in recognition and importance. The pressure on companies to consider sustainability not as a reputation enhancing statement, but as an integrated aspect of business and business value, is increasing.

  4. Government Takes Steps to Increase Farmers' Incomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Though 2004 saw a sharp rise in farmers' incomes,the income gap between rural and urban residents continued to widen. Chinese officials consider this a major obstacle to what they call the “building of aharmonious society.”

  5. Universal Design for Learning: Preparing Secondary Education Teachers in Training to Increase Academic Accessibility of High School English Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes-Murphy, Solange

    2012-01-01

    Although the concept of universal design for learning (UDL) is well understood in the world of architecture and in the area of special education, its use to increase the academic performance of high school English learners (ELs) is not widely explored. To reduce this void, this article presents an overview of the UDL concept and its principles,…

  6. Teaching Style, ICT Experience and Teachers' Attitudes toward Teaching with Web 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kale, Ugur; Goh, Debbie

    2014-01-01

    Emphasis on 21st Century Skills development has increased expectations on teachers to take advantages of emerging technologies to support student learning. Yet it is not clear whether teachers are well equipped with the necessary skills, support, and positive attitudes toward integrating them in their practices. Even though student-centered…

  7. Becoming a science teacher: The competing pedagogies of schools and teacher education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozelle, Jeffrey J.

    A culminating student teaching or internship experience is a central component of nearly every teacher education program and has been for most of teacher education's history. New teachers cite field experience and student teaching as the most beneficial, authentic, or practical aspect of teacher education. Teacher educators, however, have cause to view student teaching skeptically; student teachers often move away from the reform-minded practices espoused in teacher education. This multi-site ethnographic study investigated a full-year internship experience for six science interns at three diverse high schools as part of a teacher preparation program at a large state university. In taking an ecological perspective, this study documented the dynamic and evolving relationships between interns, cooperating teachers, teacher educators, and the school and classroom contexts. The goals of the study were to describe the changes in interns throughout the course of a year-long internship as a science teacher and to determine the relative influences of the various aspects of the ecology on interns. Data include fieldnotes from 311 hours of participant observation, 38 interviews with interns, cooperating teachers, and teacher educators, and 190 documents including course assignments, evaluations, and reflective journals. Interns' teaching practices were strongly influenced by their cooperating teachers. During the first two months, all six interns "used their mentor's script." When teaching, they attempted to re-enact lessons they witnessed their cooperating teachers enact earlier in the day. This included following the lesson structure, but also borrowing physical mannerisms, representations, anecdotes, and jokes. When interns could no longer follow their cooperating teacher due to an increased teaching load, they "followed their mentors' patterns"---implementing instruction that emphasized similar strategies---regardless of whether they were experiencing success in the

  8. "The Teacher Is an Octopus": Uncovering Preservice English Language Teachers' Prior Beliefs through Metaphor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Thomas S. C.

    2006-01-01

    Preservice teachers come to any teacher education course with prior experiences, knowledge and beliefs about learning and teaching. Additionally, the belief systems of preservice teachers often serve as a lens through which they view the content of the teacher education program. Consequently, it is essential that teacher educators take these prior…

  9. Investigation and Analysis on Teacher Quality in Secondary Vocational Schools——Taking business schools in Huizhou as an example%中等职业学校教师素养的调查分析——以惠州商业学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶红; 王英

    2012-01-01

    中职教师的素养,指教师的知识结构,能力结构和职业态度。本文以惠州商业学校为个案,围绕中等职业学校教师的人文素养、教育技术素养、职业道德素养展开了调查,揭示出中职学校对教师素养重视不够;中职教师对教师素养的认识模糊;中职教师素养提高的保障机制尚未形成等几方面的问题,提出了具体的应对建议,藉此加强人们对中职教师素养培养的重视。%The quality of the secondary teachers,to show the teacher knowledge structure,ability structure and professional attitude.This article takes the Huizhou business school as a case study,within the secondary vocational schools around the humanistic quality education teachers,technical qualities,professional moral accomplishment on the investigation,to reveal the secondary school teachers do not pay enough attention to quality;Secondary teachers to the understanding of the teachers' literacy fuzzy;Secondary teachers' quality improvement of security mechanism to wait for a few problems,and put forward the concrete measures,through the strengthening of secondary teachers' literacy training people's attention.

  10. The Views of Pre-Service Teachers Who Take Special Teaching Course within the Context of Pedagogical Formation Certificate Program about Micro-Teaching Method and a Physics Lesson Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurbuz, Fatih

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the views of the pre-service teachers who received training on pedagogical formation certificate program about micro-teaching method. The study was carried out with a case study method. Semi-structured interviews were used in the study as a data collection tool to gather pre-service teachers' views about…

  11. Teachers Teaching Teachers (T3) [TM]. Vol. 2 No. 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Joan, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This issue of "Teachers Teaching Teachers" ("T3") focuses on coaches' role in the professional development of teachers. It contains the following articles: (1) An Excerpt from "Taking the Lead" (Joellen Killion and Cindy Harrison); (2) Be Like a Virus and Connect (Bill Ferriter); (3) No. 1 Resource Has a Human Face (Joellen Killion); (4) With This…

  12. The Teaching of Test Taking Skills, Grades 7 and 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

    The information and activities in this guide are offered to teachers who want to assist junior high school students in developing test taking skills. The introductory sections discuss test wisdom, give advice to teachers about testing, provide tips to students on test taking skills, offer practice sheets on completing test forms, and define…

  13. Implementing Measures of Teacher Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stecher, Brian; Garet, Mike; Holtzman, Deborah; Hamilton, Laura

    2012-01-01

    An initial look at work being done in a reform project sponsored by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation finds that evaluations of teacher performance aren't as unpopular with teachers who have experienced the new system as some would have us believe. Leaders acknowledge that the new approach to teacher evaluation takes more time than traditional…

  14. New trend of Japanese teacher education reform——taking Tokyo Gakugei University as an example%日本教师教育改革新动向——以东京学艺大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔元正

    2011-01-01

    日本教师教育以大学为依托,具备严格的教师资格认证体系,形成了开放型的教师教育制度,并不断进行改革。教师教育决定教师素质的高低,并影响教师的教育质量,关注日本教师教育改革的新动向,对我国教师教育课程体系的重构,政策的制定以及实践环节的改革诸方面具有借鉴意义。%Relying on universities,the Japanese teacher education possesses a strict teacher certification system,forms an open system and undergoes constant reform.Teacher education decides teacher abilities and influences teaching qualities.It is important to pay attention to the new trend of Japanese teacher education reform which will be useful to reconstruct teacher education curriculum system,make policies and reform practical processes in China.

  15. Toward Greater Teacher Professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ornstein, Allan C.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses organizational strength, teacher strikes, collective bargaining and negotiations, and political action as forms of teacher militancy that are linked with increasing professionalism. Concludes that teachers have been able to improve their professional status in recent years largely because of growing activism. (Author/GC)

  16. A Status Survey of Chinese-language Teachers in Central Asia--Taking Kyrgyzstan as an Example%中亚地区汉语师资现状调查--以吉尔吉斯斯坦为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    班振林; 闫丽萍; 易红

    2015-01-01

    This paper is a substantial research which includes five parts: source of Chinese-language teachers, teaching status of Chinese-language teachers in China and Kyrgyzstan, Chinese level of native teachers, the existing problems of Chinese teachers team and corresponding countermeasures. This paper, from point and surface, probes into the teachers factors which affect international Chinese promotion. By means of studying Chinese-language teachers' current situation in Kyrgyzstan, problems of Chinese-language teachers in the whole central Asia, which in turn will provide factual basis to the international Chinese promotion work and Chinese language teaching policy-making in central Asia countries, can be reflected.%以定量研究和定性研究相结合的方法,从汉语师资的来源、中吉两国汉语教师教学状况、本土汉语师资队伍存在的问题三个方面,由点及面探讨了吉尔吉斯斯坦汉语国际教育师资状况,探析影响汉语国际教育的师资因素,并根据实际情况提出建议,通过吉尔吉斯斯坦的汉语师资现状以反馈整个中亚地区的汉语师资问题,以期为在中亚各国的汉语国际教育工作的进一步发展和未来规划的制定提供参考。

  17. Take Advantage of Constitution Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCune, Bonnie F.

    2008-01-01

    The announcement of the mandate for Constitution and Citizenship Day shortly before September, 2005, probably led to groans of dismay. Not another "must-do" for teachers and schools already stressed by federal and state requirements for standardized tests, increasingly rigid curricula, and scrutiny from the public and officials. But the idea and…

  18. Current Status of Xinjiang College Teachers' Burnout—TakingCertain University in Xinjiang as an Example%新疆高校教师职业倦怠现状调查研究——以新疆某高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宜龙; 赵梅; 田丽

    2015-01-01

    With certain university in Xinjiang as an example, the questionnaire investigation and analysis show that about a quarter of the university teachers in Xinjiang have different degree of job burnout, The overall situation is not very serious. University teachers have job burnout mainly from four aspects: the society, colleges and universities, the education object and teachers themselves. so we suggest to take measures to change the situation from building social respect and from atmosphere to carry out the reform of higher education, improve the mechanism of appraisal and evaluation, strengthen the teacher training. At the same time, teachers should consciously promote their own professional development to prevent and alleviate university teachers' job burnout.%以新疆某高校为例,通过问卷调查和分析表明,新疆高校约四分之一的教师存在不同程度的职业倦怠.高校教师产生职业倦怠的原因主要包括社会、高校、教育对象和教师本身等四个方面,建议从营造尊师重教的社会氛围、实事求是开展高等教育改革、完善评聘考核机制、加强教师培训、教师个人应自觉促进自身专业发展等方面预防和缓解高校教师职业倦怠.

  19. 影响西部农村特岗教师职业认同的因素--以宁夏为例%Factors affecting the western rural special post teachers' professional identity--Take Ningxia for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马笑岩

    2014-01-01

    笔者在对宁夏农村特岗教师职业认同调查的过程中,发现其职业认同感不高。本文从社会环境、学校环境和特岗教师本人三个方面进行了分析,梳理出了影响宁夏农村特岗教师职业认同的原因。%The author of Ningxia rural special post teachers' professional identity in the process of investigation, found that professional identity is not high. This article from the social environment, school environment and teachers in special post I analyzed three aspects, to tease out the effects of special post Ningxia rural teacher professional identity reasons.

  20. Domain Building or Risk Taking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Katrin; Abrahamsen, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    in school management. Among headmasters in High school in Denmark only 18 % are women despite of the fact that 52 % of the teachers are female. How can we explain that? This article is based on a survey answered by top- and middle level management staff. It rejects all traditional explanations...... of the relations between gender, values and family obligation but reveals an interesting difference between two strategies for career development: Domain Building and Risk Taking. Both strategies are applied by both men and women. However, one of them seems to be the most effective with regard to achieve...

  1. 地方高校教师代谢综合征的慢性运动改善研究——以武夷学院教师为例%Research on Improvement of Metabolic Syndrome Local University Teachers with Chronic Motor——Taking Teachers in Wuyi University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志远; 史金平

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of annual physical examination report, the mathematical statistical method is used to analyze metabolic syndrome diagnosis in a group of Wuyi university teachers. The results show us the followings:teachers in lecturer grade and above are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome up to the ratio of16.6%(X2=15.2,P0.01),Diagnosis rate progressively increase with age increments. It indicates that "fitness walking" and "slow jogging" as the main exercise have an effect on the prevention and improvement of the metabolic syndrome(X2=7.14,P0.01), but the physical activities are needs to be enhanced. It concludes that the annual physical examination is an important channel for Wuyi university teachers to understand their personal health and find early disease clues and health hazards. However, teachers attach little importance to the physical examination findings, and then favorable opportunity is missed in prevention, improvement and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Health education and chronic exercise knowledge should be widespread among teachers. At the same time, the good habit of exercise adherence also needs to be cultivated.%采用教师年度体检报告作为基本资料,运用数理统计方法对武夷学院教师代谢综合征确诊(IDF定义)情况进行分析,结果显示:讲师职称以上教师的代谢综合征确诊患者比率为16.6%(X2=15.2,P〈0.01),表现为确诊率随年龄的增大而递增的特征。研究认为"健身走"、"慢跑步"作为主要运动锻炼方式,对代谢综合征具有预防与改善作用(X2=7.14,P〈0.01),但存在需提升运动量问题。建议:体检是高校教师了解个人健康状况、早期发现疾病线索和健康隐患的重要渠道。由于教师对体检结论重视不够,导致错过运动预防、改善或治疗代谢综合征的有利时机。应在教师中进行健康教育和慢性运动处方相关知识的辅导,培养坚持运动锻炼的良好习惯。

  2. On the Effect of Teacher Talk on Teacher-Student Rapport in College English Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程佳

    2013-01-01

    This paper aimed to investigate the effect of teacher talk on teacher-student rapport in college English classroom. Be-sides, it attempted to analyze how to build teacher-student rapport in English classroom based on the theories of teacher Talk, hoping that it can assist teachers to upgrade their awareness in teacher talk and increase language learning and teaching efficiency.

  3. Reaching the teachers

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The fourth edition of CERN's High School Teachers programme welcomed 38 teachers to the Laboratory this July. For three weeks the teachers were immersed in the life of CERN, giving them a unique experience to take back to their classrooms.   Participants and organisers of the HST 2001 programme. The pupils of the teachers who attended the High School Teachers (HST) programme at CERN will notice a difference when they meet their teachers at the beginning of next term. They'll see a new-found enthusiasm in their eyes, and this will be thanks to the three weeks they spent at the Laboratory attending the summer students' lectures and working with other teachers from around the world. 'This experience fires you up again!,' explains Wim Peeters, a Belgian teacher at CERN for the second time. For many teachers of physics, university is a long time ago. Physics research has moved on, and there are many new things to learn. That's why CERN has the HST, so that teachers can mix with university students in ...

  4. 省域城乡师资失衡:实践表征、政策归因、改进策略——以宁夏为例%Provincial Urban and Rural Teachers Imbalance: Practice Characterization, Policy Attribution, and Improvement Strategies: Take Ningxia for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马青; 焦岩岩

    2012-01-01

    Provincial urban and rural teachers" imbalance does not show that "'high" in city and "low" in rural areas", but more in structural imbalances. Compared to cities, in quantity, rural areas show "dominant" overstaffing and "hidden" vacancies, and that " dominant" vacancies and "hidden" vacancies exist together; in quality, rural areas show that the ratio of highly educated and highgrade teacher is low, the ratio of low education and low-title teacher is high; in structure, gender structure is more preferable than city, and age structure is inferior to city, and the structural shortage of teachers is more prominent. Taking teacher as the analysis subject, the reason that leads to imbalance of provincial urban and rural teachers is mainly the policy lack interrelatitag with teachers allocation, the requirement of teachers, responsibility and power of government. Improvement strategies include that the policy that provincial government is responsible for the implementation of balanced policy of urban and rural teachers base on classification; the establishment of teacher-oriented policy that make urban teachers and rural teachers justly; the establishment of democracy policy to protect the interests of teachers; the establishment of incentive policy to make educational investment sliding into teachers.%省域城乡师资失衡并不简单地表现为"城市高与农村低"的情况,而是更多地表现为结构性的不平衡。与城市相比,农村表现出"显性"超编与"隐性"缺编、"显性"缺编与"隐性"缺编共存的局面;高学历、高职称教师比例低,低学历、低职称教师比例大的特征;性别结构优于城市,年龄结构劣于城市,学科的结构性短缺更为突出。造成城乡师资失衡的原因主要是关系教师配置、教师需求、政府责任与动力的政策设计缺陷。改进策略包括:建立"省级统筹"分类实施的城乡师资均衡推进政策;

  5. Pragmatic Strategies of Turn-taking in Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁; 张玉珊

    2014-01-01

    Conversation is one of the basic forms of daily communication, while the research of turn-taking is the central issue in conversation analysis. In class the pragmatic strategies in turn-taking between teachers and students are the important interaction abilities. The good use of turn-taking helps students express themselves effectively and enhances the interactive communications successfully.

  6. Adolescents and Teachers as Partners in a School-Based Research Project to Increase Physical Activity Opportunities in a Rural Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rye, James; Tompkins, Nancy O'Hara; McClure, Darlene; Aleshire, Jacqueline

    2008-01-01

    Schools are an important resource in combating the physical inactivity and obesity epidemics in rural economically depressed areas. Through a University-community partnership, teachers and adolescents in a rural West Virginia county with one of the highest obesity rates in the state developed a school-based research intervention to increase…

  7. 农村中小学教师职业幸福感的调查研究——以山西省为例%On Rural Teachers' Professional Happiness——Taking Shanxi Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓和平; 樊香兰

    2012-01-01

    教师的幸福是教育教学过程中的一种精神享受,教师幸福感的高低直接影响着其工作质量。本研究从教师职业幸福感的内涵入手,通过文献研究以及对山西省农村中小学教师的职业幸福感进行调查。归纳了农村教师幸福感的几个维度:职业成就、职业认同、领导管理、薪酬待遇、工作环境、人际关系、社会支持、工作压力、专业成长等方面的现状和问题,并据此提出提升农村中小学教师职业幸福感的建议。%Teachers well-being has much to do with the teaching quality.Based on the connotation of the teacher' professional happiness,literature review and survey of professional happiness of the rural primary and secondary teachers,it summarized professional achievement,professional identity,leadership and management,salary and other welfare,working environment,interpersonal relationships,social support,work pressure,professional development as dimension of teacher' well-being.It also made recommendations to further improve rural primary and secondary school teachers' professional well-being.

  8. Brazilian physicists take centre stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Susan

    2014-06-01

    With the FIFA World Cup taking place in Brazil this month, Susan Curtis travels to South America's richest nation to find out how its physicists are exploiting recent big increases in science funding.

  9. TEACHERS NEEDED

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    The English Language Programme of the Lycée International de Ferney-Voltaire has two teaching posts available for la rentrée 2001. 1. Part-time teacher of Primary-level English Candidates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree and teaching qualification. The post involves teaching the English curriculum to pupils who are within the French educational system. Classes take place on Tuesday afternoons at the Lycée. Team spirit necessary as teachers work as a team. Induction & training are offered. 2. Part-time teacher of Secondary-level history-geography Candididates for the post need to be mother-tongue English speakers. They should have a relevant degree in history or geography and also a strong interest in the other subject. They should have a relevant teaching qualification and be confident classroom practioners. For more information on either of these posts please contact the school office on 04.50.40.82...

  10. Teachers' Work and Schooling in Bali

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilan, Pam

    2003-11-01

    This study addresses educational reform in Indonesia with reference to one of the most important potential agents of change in any national system of schooling - its teachers. The empirical data on secondary teachers and trainee teachers used here are taken from a larger case study of the attitudes and opinions of stakeholders in the education system of North Bali. Secondary teachers in Bali, as elsewhere in Indonesia, are seriously underpaid, but not necessarily undervalued in the community. They take on other jobs to support themselves and their families, yet they do not lack commitment to the professional task of teaching. It is argued that financial pressure on teachers to find other sources of remuneration militates against their capacity to act as agents of change in the rapidly reforming Indonesian state. Furthermore, teaching is not often seen as a financially rewarding profession by a new generation of secondary-school graduates. The author recommends that teachers' salaries be raised and infrastructure support for schools increased.

  11. Cultivation of Undergraduates to Be Preschool Teachers in a Normal College Based on the Mode of “Taking Post for Field Work and Replacement Training”%“顶岗置换”模式培养高师准幼儿教师的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素月

    2014-01-01

    the mode of “taking post for field work and replacement training” is actively spreading all over the country and promotes the development of preschool teachers.This mode doesn't only promote the training of preschool teachers, but also promotes the cultivation of undergraduate to be preschool teacher in a normal college.This model facilitates the practice of the undergraduate of preschool education program in a normal college and provides more resources for them.But at the same time, it also puts forward the corresponding challenges:high demand for students-whether students can be trained into teachers; low return for students-whether the students can learn from teaching .Therefore, a normal college must put forward corresponding strategies to promote the cultivation of undergraduates to be preschool teachers.%“顶岗置换”模式不仅促进了一线学前教师的职后培训,更有利于高师准幼儿教师的培养;同时,“顶岗置换”对高师准幼儿教师的培养提出了相应的挑战:顶岗对学生的高要求---能否从学生变为教师,顶岗对学生的低回报---能否从教中学。提出相应策略,促进“顶岗置换”模式下准幼儿教师的培养。

  12. Teacher Identity Work in Mathematics Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumayer-Depiper, Jill

    2013-01-01

    Becoming a teacher is not developing an identity, but is developing identity as a continuous process of constructing and deconstructing understandings within the complexities of social practice, beliefs, experiences, and social norms. I take up this stance on identity as articulated in Judith Butler's (1999) work with gender identity and…

  13. Teachers' Work with Documentation in Preschool: Shaping a Profession in the Performing of Professional Identities­

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löfgren, Håkan

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses how the teaching profession takes shape when policy demands on increased documentation in preschool is interpreted and enacted by teachers. The profession and professional identities take shape in the tension between two forms of professionalism: occupational professionalism, based on collegial authority, and organizational…

  14. Being a Teacher of TCFL vs. Becoming a Teacher of TCFL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chun

    2013-01-01

    Language). This paper explores how the identity formation of five native-speaking teachers of Chinese (NTCs) takes place with regard to how their roles as 'being a Chinese teacher' and ‘becoming a teacher of TCFL' are negotiated and constructed while teaching Chinese to degree students in Denmark. Key......Recent debates on Chinese pedagogy tend to focus on teachers' implementation of curriculum, relatively little attention has been given to understanding teacher's professional identity and the interplay between 'being a teacher of TCFL' and 'becoming a teacher of TCFL'(Teaching Chinese as a Foreign...... words: native-speaking teachers of Chinese, professional identity, Danish universities, teaching culture...

  15. Collaboration in groups during teacher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dobber, Marjolein

    2011-01-01

    Collaboration is increasingly common among teachers in schools. As such, teacher education should prepare prospective teachers to effectively interact with other teachers in different types of communities or groups. This dissertation sheds light on the way student teachers are prepared to collaborat

  16. 新西兰体育教育专业的改革与发展∶以奥克兰大学为例%Reformation and Development of Physical Education Teacher Education Program in New Zealand∶Taking University of Auckland’s Experience as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹志华; 孙文君; 汪晓赞

    2015-01-01

    以新西兰奥克兰大学(Universitu of Auckland,简称UA)为例,采用文献资料法、逻辑分析法、案例研究法,对该校体育教育专业的培养目标、课程设置、学生实习和教师资格认证等进行研究。结果表明:该校以培养健康和体育领域的专业人才为主,注重体现教育的专业性、满足国家教师专业标准的要求、培养对毛利民族文化的敏感性;在课程体系中,学科基础课程注重基本知识学习,专业教育课程注重毛利民族教育、健康教育和户外教育,教师教育课程强调教学技能培养,选修课程和通识教育课程重在扩大学生的知识面,同时强调对课程学习评价的多样化;在实习活动方面,实习时间和任务合理;实习监督和评价系统完善;实习地点和选择多样;在教师资格证方面,通过从临时注册教师到正式注册教师的过程,规范教师的专业发展过程,提升教师资格证的含金量和体育教师的社会地位。通过对新西兰体育教育专业的分析,希望能够对中国体育教育专业的建设产生一定的启发作用。%This paper,taking Universitu of Auckland as an example,through using the method of literature review,logical analusis and case studu,analuzes the obj ective,curriculum design,student internship,teach-er certification of phusical education teacher education program at the Universitu of Auckland.The re-sults show that the program focuses on the cultivation of professional talents in health and phusical educa-tion field,attaches importance to professional features of education,meets the requirements of national teachers professional standards,and cultivates the sensitivitu of the national culture of Maori;the curricu-lum sustem are featured bu basic subj ect courses emphasizing basic knowledge of learning,specialized courses highlighting Maori education,health education and outdoor education,teacher education curricu-lum stressing teaching skill

  17. Take Charge. Take the Test. PSA (:30)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-03-07

    As part of the Take Charge. Take the Test. campaign, this 30 second PSA encourages African American women to get tested for HIV. Locations for a free HIV test can be found by visiting hivtest.org/takecharge or calling 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636).  Created: 3/7/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 3/7/2012.

  18. Science takes time : families take time!

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Who has time to have a family ? Scientists are the «heroes» of our time. Science takes time - Families take time. Who gives time ? My case -study consists of interviews with scientific workers of both sexes. They are asked how they juggle the time required in the production of scientific knowledge and family life. My findings indicate that it is women, who give of their time.

  19. The teacher and the curriculum;

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Priestley, M.; Biesta, G.; Philippou, Stavroula;

    2015-01-01

    A key debate in the curriculum field has centred on the extent to which teachers should or could achieve agency over the curriculum they enact. Risks to teacher agency have come from top-down control of curricula, either through input regulation (prescription of content, methods and/or teaching...... with a discussion of why it is important to understand and take into account teacher agency, when formulating and developing curriculum policy....

  20. Coping styles of music teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Staniçi, Jelena; Stankovi, Ivana; Bogunovi, Blanka

    2009-01-01

         The previous findings have shown that musicians as well as music teachers differ in personality characteristics from the general population. There are strong indications that musicians are exposed to numerous stressful situations during their education and professional life. We aimed to: identify preferred coping styles of music teachers and their possible difference in comparison to non-music teachers* coping styles, as well as to depict their relationship taking into consideration c...

  1. Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Opinions on

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Eraslan

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the opinions of prospective mathematics teachers in Teaching Practice course taken at the last semester of the teacher education program. For this purpose, 47 prospective teachers taking Teaching Practice wrote and submitted one or two-page reflection of their school-based experiences at the end of the semester. Their written responses were examined and analyzed qualitatively. Findings indicated that (1) there exist not enough opportunities for practice...

  2. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in the United States, most of us, our culture, is that we take antibiotics for seven to ... I take it and for how long? What foods, drinks, other medicines or activities should I avoid ...

  3. Taking iron supplements

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007478.htm Taking iron supplements To use the sharing features on this page, ... levels. You may also need to take iron supplements as well to rebuild iron stores in your ...

  4. Teacher educators modelling their teachers?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmerman, Greetje

    2009-01-01

    The teacher educator is always also a teacher, and as a role model may have an important impact on student teachers' views on teaching. However, what is the impact of these teacher educator's own role models on their teaching views and practices? Do teacher educators simply imitate the positive role

  5. Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerillo, Christine; Osterman, Karen F

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods study examined elementary teachers' perceptions of teacher-student bullying. Grounded in previous research on peer bullying, the study posed several questions: to what extent did teachers perceive bullying of students by other teachers as a serious matter requiring intervention? Did they perceive teacher bullying as more serious…

  6. Teachers and Human Rights Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osler, Audrey; Starkey, Hugh

    2010-01-01

    Why do teachers need to be familiar with human rights? In multicultural societies, whose values take precedence? How do schools resolve tensions between children's rights and teachers' rights? Campaigners, politicians and the media cite human rights to justify or challenge anything from peaceful protest to military action. The phrase "human…

  7. Teacher Political Disclosure as Parrhesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journell, Wayne

    2016-01-01

    Background/Context: The traditional stance on teacher political disclosure within K-12 education is that neutrality is the only morally appropriate approach for teachers to take when broaching political or social issues in their classes due to their role as state employees who serve a particular community. A number of recent high-profile cases of…

  8. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and I'm taking one of them four times a day and one of them three times a day and one of them twice a ... January." It's easy to remember-- write down the time you take your medicine and as you take ...

  9. Take Students' Training as the Core of Teachers Construction and Professional Construction%以学生培养为核心进行师资建设与专业建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周爱国

    2012-01-01

    He'nan Polytechnic University approved He'nan features professional of the construction of Materials Science and Engineering in 2010.The main content of the professional construction is teacher development.By comparing domestic and foreign universities,this paper presents the professional construction and teacher of construction should be based on the students to develop as the core.The fundamental problem of students training is that "for whom to train the students".%河南理工大学于2010年获批建设材料科学与工程河南省特色专业。专业建设的主要内容是师资建设。通过对比国内外大学的情况,本文提出专业建设和师资建设都应该以学生培养为核心。而学生培养的根本问题是"为谁培养学生"。

  10. The perceptions of teachers and principals toward providing additional compensation to teachers in high-need subject areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longing, Jeffrey Lucian

    The purpose of this study was to determine possible differences in the perceptions of teachers teaching in high-need areas (i.e., math, science, special education, etc.) and teachers not teaching in high-need areas, (i.e., business education, physical education, etc.) as defined by the states of Arkansas and Louisiana, regarding higher compensation for high-need teachers. In addition, possible perception differences among principals and teachers were determined. The independent variables consisted of gender, position held, years of certified experience, and certification areas. The dependent variable was the perceptions of the participants on providing higher compensation for high-need teachers in order to attract and retain them. The data for all variables were collected using the Teacher Compensation Survey. The sample for this study was limited to teachers, grades 9 through 12, and principals of public high schools in south Arkansas and north Louisiana. Forty-four school districts in south Arkansas (Arkansas Department of Education, 2008a) and north Louisiana (Louisiana Department of Education, 2008a) met the criteria for this study. Twenty-two superintendents gave permission for their districts to participate in the research. A sample of 849 teachers and 38 principals were identified in these districts. Surveys were returned from 350 teachers, creating a 41% response rate. When the 31 principals that returned surveys were added to the total population, the response rate increased to 43% with 381 of the 887 surveyed responding. However, 42 of the teachers and two of the principals skipped some of the questions on the survey and were not included in the study. The researcher used a One-Way ANOVA and independent t-tests to determine the presence of statistical differences at the .05 level. The data showed that most math and science teachers agreed that high-need teachers should be compensated at a higher rate than teachers not teaching in high-need areas. The data

  11. Comparing Views of Primary School Mathematics Teachers and Prospective Mathematics Teachers about Instructional Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Baki

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Technology is rapidly improving in both hardware and software side. As one of the contemporary needs people should acquire certain knowledge, skills, attitudes and habits to understand this technology, to adapt to it and to make use of its benefits. In addition, as in all domains of life, change and improvement is also unavoidable for educational field. As known, change and improvement in education depends on lots of factors. One of the most important factors is teacher. In order to disseminate educational reforms, teachers themselves should accept the innovation first (Hardy, 1998, Baki, 2002; Oral, 2004. There has been variety of studies investigating teacher and prospective teachers‟ competences, attitudes and opinions (Paprzychi, Vikovic & Pierson, 1994; Hardy, 1998; Kocasaraç, 2003; Lin, Hsiech and Pierson, 2004; Eliküçük, 2006; YeĢilyurt, 2006; Fendi, 2007; Teo, 2008; Arslan, Kutluca & Özpınar, 2009. As the common result of these studies indicate that teachers‟ interest towards using instructional technology have increased. Accordingly, most of the teachers began to think that using instructional technologies becomes inevitable for teachers. By reviewing the related literature, no studies have been come across comparing the opinions of teachers and teacher candidates about instructional technologies. In this study, it was aimed to investigate and compare the views of mathematics teachers with prospective mathematics teachers about ICT. It was considered that collecting opinions of teachers and teachers candidates about the instructional technologies, comparing and contrasting them will contribute to the field. To follow this research inquiry, a descriptive approach type; case study research design was applied. The reason for choosing such design is that the case study method permits studying one aspect of the problem in detail and in a short time (Yin, 2003; Çepni, 2007. The study was conducted with the total sample of 12. 3 of

  12. The Sydney playground project- levelling the playing field: a cluster trial of a primary school-based intervention aiming to promote manageable risk-taking in children with disability

    OpenAIRE

    Bundy, Anita C.; Wyver, Shirley; Beetham, Kassia S.; Ragen, Jo; Naughton, Geraldine; Tranter, Paul; Norman, Richard; Villeneuve, Michelle; Spencer, Grace; Honey, Anne; Simpson, Judith; Baur, Louise; Sterman, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Background Providing children and adults with opportunities to engage in manageable risk taking may be a stepping stone toward closing the gap in life conditions currently experienced by young people with disabilities. We aim to demonstrate the effectiveness of a simple, innovative program for 1) changing the way parents and teachers view manageable risk-taking for children with disabilities and 2) increasing the level of responsibility that children take for their own actions, as seen on the...

  13. Social Media Use and Teacher Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Bryan R.; Bitters, Todd A.; Falk, Thomas M.; Kim, Sang Hyun

    2016-01-01

    Teacher use of social networking sites such as Facebook has presented some ethical dilemmas for policy makers. In this article, we argue that schools are justified in taking action against teachers when evidence emerges from social networking sites that teachers are (a) doing something that is illegal, (b) doing something that reflects badly on…

  14. Harnessing the Power of Teacher Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth N.; Buttram, Joan L.

    2013-01-01

    Teacher networks are an important lever for helping schools make change. In order to take advantage of teacher networks, principals must map the existing networks in their schools, identifying teachers and others who serve as experts or advice givers, brokers, and advice seekers. Once these are known, principals can decide on a strategy for…

  15. THE PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS’ TOWARDS PROFESSIONAL ATTITUDE CONTEMPORARY TEACHERS QUALIFICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdurrahman İLĞAN

    2013-06-01

    . With reference to this, prospective teachers attributing importance to the qualifications of contemporary teacher at full level. While teacher candidates attach the highest importance to the sentence of “teachers should have adequate sense of responsibility to train students”, attach least importance to the expression “teachers should be adequate in using computer technology. In order to determine the relationship between scores of teacher attitudes towards teaching and qualifications of the contemporary a positive and statistically significant relationship between these two variables was found by using Pearson correlation technique. By taking into consideration the demographic variables attitudes of teacher candidates differed in terms of field which is graduated. Prospective teachers who have graduated from departments of social sciences have higher scores. The findings contrary to this research or supporting the results of this research can be explained by the help of studies searching the attitudes of teacher candidates towards teaching profession in different years and different areas. There are differences about dominant reason to continue the pedagogical formation program. Teacher candidates who have positive attitudes towards teaching profession have higher attitude scores. This result is consistent with several studies in the literature. Majority of candidate teachers attributed high level of importance to the qualifications of contemporary teachers. There is a positive and low-level significant relationship between the scores of candidate teachers’ attitudes towards teaching and the qualifications of contemporary teachers. Hence, if the scores of attitudes towards teaching profession increase, the importance given to the qualifications of contemporary teachers increase a small amount.

  16. 中学教师职业倦怠与人格特质的关系--以大五人格的视角%Relationship between Teachers' Job Burnout and Personality Traits--Take Big Five Personality Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永; 谭辉晔

    2014-01-01

    Questionnaire method for Shaanxi secondary school teachers' professional burnout and big five personality traits relationship analysis found that:The current high school teacher burnout is not high, but the relatively high emotional exha-ustion, followed by a low sense of accomplishment, dehumanization lightest;extraversion, agreeableness and conscientio-usness and low achievement was a significant negative correlation between neuroticism and emotional exhaustion and burn-out overall showed a significant positive correlation, rigor and dehumanization and burnout overall showed a significant negative correlation;big five personality has predictive effect on burnout, but predictability is not so good.%采用问卷调查法对陕西省中学教师职业倦怠状况及其与大五人格特质关系进行分析发现:目前中学教师职业倦怠度不高,但情绪衰竭相对较高,其次低成就感,非人性化最轻;外倾性、宜人性和严谨性与低成就感呈显著负相关,神经质与情绪衰竭和职业倦怠总体呈显著正相关,严谨性与非人性化和职业倦怠总体呈显著负相关;大五人格对职业倦怠有预测作用,但预测度不大。

  17. Teacher Militancy: Implications for the Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Richard C.

    Teacher militancy in America has increased rapidly in the past decade, as evidenced by the rapid increase in teacher strikes. Teachers are frustrated by substandard salaries, lack of authority over teaching conditions, and absence of professional autonomy. Teachers demand greater participation in educational decisionmaking. Three models used in…

  18. Greek Teachers Programme 2015

    CERN Multimedia

    Hoch, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The 3rd edition of this year's Greek Teachers Programme was co-organized by CERN Education Group and the Hellenic Physical Society and took place from 8 to 12 November 2015. The programme targets physics high-school teachers from all over Greece. It aims to help teachers inspire the next generation of scientists and engineers by motivating their students to understand and appreciate how science works at the world's largest physics laboratory, whereby increasing their interest in pursuing studies in STEM fields in secondary and post-secondary education. 33 teachers took part in this programme which comprised lectures by Greek members of the CERN scientific community, with visits to experimental facilities, hands-on activities and dedicated sessions on effective and creative ways through which participants may bring physics, particle physics and CERN closer to their school classroom. In 2015, more than 100 teachers took part in the three editions of the Greek Teachers Programme.

  19. University and Elementary School Perspectives of Ideal Elementary Science Teacher Knowledge, Skills, and Dispositions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sewart, Bethany Bianca

    Teacher education knowledge, skills, and dispositions have recently become a well-discussed topic among education scholars around the nation, mainly due to its attention by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) over the past few years. Accrediting agencies, such as NCATE and the Interstate New Teacher and Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC), have sought to improve the quality of teacher education programs by examining knowledge, skills, and dispositions as factors in preparing highly-qualified teachers. There is a paucity of research examining these factors for elementary science teachers. Because these factors influence instruction, and students are behind in scientific and mathematical knowledge, elementary science teachers should be studied. Teacher knowledge, skills, and dispositions should be further researched in order to ultimately increase the quality of teachers and teacher education programs. In this particular case, by determining what schools of education and public schools deem important knowledge, skills, and dispositions needed to teach science, higher education institutions and schools can collaborate to further educate these students and foster the necessary qualities needed to teach effectively. The study of knowledge, skills, and dispositions is crucial to nurturing effective teaching within the classroom. Results from this study demonstrated that there were prominent knowledge, skills, and dispositions identified by teachers, administrators, and science teacher educators as important for effective teaching of elementary science. These characteristics included: a willingness to learn, or open-mindedness; content knowledge; planning, organization, and preparation; significance of teaching science; and science-related assessment strategies. Interestingly, administrators in the study responded differently than their counterparts in the following areas: their self-evaluation of teacher effectiveness; how the

  20. Trading Places: From Physical Education Teachers to Teacher Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Ashley; Fletcher, Tim

    2012-01-01

    Recently, there has been an increase in research on becoming teacher educators, yet little is known about becoming physical education teacher educators (PETE). Responding to concerns about the current state of doctoral PETE programs and inadequate preparation of novice teacher educators, this paper explores our transition from high school teaching…

  1. Teacher Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Agricultural Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenevey, Jamie L.; Ewing, John C.; Whittington, M. Susie

    2008-01-01

    The demands on teachers both in and out of classrooms combined with increased budget cuts have led many to question the levels of job satisfaction and burnout among agricultural education teachers. The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence of burnout and the level at which burnout exists among agricultural education teachers in…

  2. Secondary Special Education Teachers as Teacher Leaders: Redefining Their Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulrine, Christopher F.; Huckvale, Manina Urgolo

    2014-01-01

    As the responsibilities and challenges of special education teachers at the secondary level increase, their roles are expanding to include mentor, coach, and facilitator for other teachers. In these roles, they lend their expertise and skills to become the new teacher leaders for today's inclusive secondary classroom settings.

  3. Disrupting Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Meredith

    2013-01-01

    Teachers are increasingly recognized as the most important in-school factor in student achievement, yet the quality of the country's K-12 teaching force is not up to snuff. Much of the blame has been placed on education schools, which have come under fire for failing to produce enough high-performing teachers. Both initial certification…

  4. Recombinant DNA for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duvall, James G., III

    1992-01-01

    A science teacher describes his experience at a workshop to learn to teach the Cold Spring Harbor DNA Science Laboratory Protocols. These protocols lead students through processes for taking E. coli cells and transforming them into a new antibiotic resistant strain. The workshop featured discussions of the role of DNA recombinant technology in…

  5. Helping Teachers Communicate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kise, Jane; Russell, Beth; Shumate, Carol

    2008-01-01

    Personality type theory describes normal differences in how people are energized, take in information, make decisions, and approach work and life--all key elements in how people teach and learn. Understanding one another's personality type preferences helps teachers share their instructional strategies and classroom information. Type theory…

  6. Investigation and Research on Classroom Teaching Effectiveness of Career-Oriented Student Teachers:Taking Xinzhou Teachers University as an Example%扶贫顶岗实习支教学生课堂教学有效性调查研究——以忻州师范学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮晓磊; 田振华

    2012-01-01

    To pursue the most effective teaching in every classroom is not only the unremitting pursuit of every teacher, but also every career-oriented student teacher. As effective teaching in the teaching process is not only vivid, specific and rich, but also more in- teresting, attractive and full of wisdom and creativity of students learning excitement. This paper investigates the career-oriented student teachers of Xinzhou Teachers University. It aims to realize the current situation of career-oriented student teachers of Xin Zhou Teachers University and give some advice by analysing the problem.%有效的课堂教学不仅是每位教师也是支教学生不懈的追求。有效的课堂教学不仅使教师的教学过程生动、具体且丰富,而且使学生的学习过程更有趣、更具吸引力,充满智慧和创造力。本文通过对山西省忻州师范学院的实习支教生进行调查,从角色转换、教学策略、教学反思三个方面,了解忻州师范学院顶岗实习支教学生课堂教学的现状,结合对问题的分析并给以针对性的建议。

  7. My teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严嘉爱

    2007-01-01

    @@ My name is Yanjiaai. I am 14 years old. I study in YuYing School. My Chinese teacher and English teacher is Miss Du, she is tall and thin, and she is very strict. My math teacher is Miss Zhang, she is short and strong, she is very strick too. But they are very nice, I love my teachers!

  8. New Teacher Functions in Cyberspace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Mie

    2008-01-01

    into other positions.  Information technology exposes the teacher's performative choice in how teachers act in certain situations, which intensifies reflexivity.  This article is about how teachers must meet increasing expectations to perform on the premises of mass media and how this displaces the premises...

  9. 34 CFR 682.216 - Teacher loan forgiveness program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... teacher is permitted to and does satisfy rigorous subject knowledge and skills tests by taking competency... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Teacher loan forgiveness program. 682.216 Section 682... § 682.216 Teacher loan forgiveness program. (a) General. (1) The teacher loan forgiveness program...

  10. Ways to Improve Lesson Planning: A Student Teacher Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gafoor, K. Abdul; Umer Farooque, T. K.

    2010-01-01

    Learning to teach from practice lessons is at the core of student teacher preparation programs. But, there is no consensus regarding how to conduct this important aspect of pre-service teacher preparation. In view of the National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education 2010 (India), observation that existing teacher education take the school…

  11. Collaboration Takes Center Stage: Interactive Teaching through a Schoolwide Focus on the Performing Arts Leads to Dramatic Improvements in Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Jeff; Zimmerman, Diane

    2009-01-01

    In the Old Adobe Union School District in Petaluma, California, the school staff's goal is to assure that all teachers make the fundamental shift from teacher-centric to learner-centric thinking. For them, this is what distinguishes great teachers from good teachers. They believe this level of expertise takes years to develop and that schools play…

  12. What's It Take?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartzell, Gary

    2002-01-01

    Discusses why school administrators have not heard about the difference libraries make in student achievement (e.g., stereotypes of libraries and librarians, lack of attention to library programs in teacher/administrator training, the absorbability and invisibility of library work) and how to make changes in order to draw benefits from school…

  13. Taking of history

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langebæk, Rikke

    2007-01-01

    with the different types of clients, and we discuss any mistakes done by the veterinarian. Subjects such as ethical values, bad conscience, euthanasia, new family members, value of life, economy, maltreatment, etc. are often discussed. Live Role Playing We end up with a session of Live Role Play - the teacher...

  14. Bridging the language gap: Exploring science teachers' dual role as teachers of content and English literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Suzanne C.

    Responsibility for educating English language learners is increasingly falling on the shoulders of content specialists at the secondary level, as students are mainstreamed into classes. Therefore, providing these students an opportunity to achieve academic success depends largely on the quality of mainstream instruction (Cornell, 1995). Most teachers receive little or no preparation in how to work with English language learners. In my study, I address the instructional issues confronting three white, monolingual English-speaking middle school science teachers who must meet the demands of an increasing English language learner population. Specifically, this study explores teacher beliefs and enactment of reform-oriented science and sheltered instructional approaches to develop English language learners scientific and English literacy skills. I also explore the relationships that exist between these two dynamics in an effort to determine the extent to which teachers take on a dual role as teachers promoting English language and science proficiency. Using a participant observation case study method and my adaptation of Schwab's commonplaces heuristic, I analyzed the relationship between teacher beliefs, milieu, subject matter, and enactment in bridging the language gap in the science classroom for English language learners. The most noteworthy finding of this study was the significant role of milieu in enacting lessons that bridge the language gap and foster the development of English language learners science and English literacy skills. The findings suggest that greater attention be given to helping teachers establish a relationship-driven classroom milieu. You can provide all kinds of courses or professional learning experiences to improve teachers' instructional practices, but they must also recognize the importance of establishing relationships with their students; the coursework they take will not supplant the need to foster a warm and safe environment for all

  15. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... full 10 days. They may say, "Why, if I'm feeling better," "why do I have to continue taking it?" Well, antibiotics fight ... that's for high blood pressure. Doctor: Okay. Woman: I take a half a tablet a day. Doctor: ...

  16. The Relative Importance of Selected Communication Skills for Adolescents' Interactions with Their Teachers: High School Teachers' Opinions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Vicki A.; Spicer, Lynette

    2003-01-01

    High school teachers (n=143) ranked 14 communication skills according to the perceived order of importance for Grade 10 adolescents' communication with them as teachers. Teachers tended to perceive skills associated with discourse management strategies as relatively more important than other skills. Science teachers ranked turn taking higher than…

  17. Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leigh, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence on the extent to which altering teacher salaries represents a feasible solution to the teacher quality problem. One possible reason is that these…

  18. The Survey and Cause Analysis of Preschool Teacher in Art Quality--Take Chongqing City Kindergarten Teachers as an example%幼儿教师艺术素养现状调查及成因分析--以重庆市幼儿教师为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴爽

    2014-01-01

    The cultivation and improvement of child's art quality require the preschool teacher to have good art quality. This paper explains preschool teacher's art quality in many aspects. Based on the survey of preschool teacher's art quality in Chongqing, this paper analyzes existing problems and reasons in preschool teacher's art, expecting to improve positive cog-nition and self-examination to this topic.%幼儿艺术素质的培养和提升要求从事幼儿教育的幼儿教师必须具备良好的艺术素养。本文将试图对幼儿教师的艺术素养进行多方面的解读,结合对重庆市幼儿教师艺术素养现状的调查,分析其中可能存在的问题以及成因,期望促进对幼儿教师艺术素养内涵的积极认知和反思。

  19. T he Status Quo of and the Change Stragegy for---Taking theTeachers in the Project-based Curriculum as an Example theTeachers Teaching Behavior%教师教学行为的现状分析与变革路径--以研究性学习指导教师为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡红杏

    2014-01-01

    The teachers teaching behavior plays a key role of teacher’ s curriculum application efficiency and teacher’ s classroom quality . The research results shows that the investigative study will lead to the teacher behaviors ’ diversification and complexity . The most of teacher approve the new teaching approaches and learning ways which are promoted in the new curriculum reform . But in the educational practice field it is hard to actually use those new methods in classroom . So there is a gap between the teacher’ s teaching behavior and the demands of new curriculum reform . There are some effective approaches and strategies we can used to improve the teacher’ s teaching behavior . we should promote the teacher’ s reform ability ;construct the school culture that contains common value and educational sprit ;rebuilt cooperative and open teacher professional culture ;construct harmonious system of curriculum evaluation ;built dynamic double - win partnership between schools and universities ;improve teacher training models according to the theory of teacher ’ s professional development ;develop teacher ’ s curriculum application ability .%教师的教学行为对课程实施效果和课堂教学质量起着至为关键的作用。调查表明,研究性学习指导教师的教学行为呈现出多元和复杂的特征。多数教师认同新课程倡导的教学方式和学习方式,但在实践中要践行这种理念会遭遇很多困境,教师教学行为与课程改革的要求有一定的差距。变革教师教学行为的有效路径和策略包括引导教师从学生发展的角度认识教育的价值,提升教师变革动力;建构具有共同的价值观和教育理想的学校文化;重建合作开放的教师专业文化;构建基于人格和谐发展的课程评价体系;建立动态互惠的院校合作伙伴关系;以教师专业发展理论为指导改进教师培训模式,提升教师的课程实施能力等。

  20. MHK测试成绩分析及其对教学的反馈作用——以喀什师范学院为例%Analysis of MHK Test Results and its Feedback on Chinese Teaching --Taking Kashgar Teachers College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林青; 窦曼玲; 高建平

    2012-01-01

    MHK Testing is an indispensable part in Chinese teaching and learning. Properly coping with the correlation between language teaching and testing can help teachers discover the problems in teaching and learning. In this paper, taking Kashgar Teachers College as an example, Statistics and analysis of the results of the MHK test candidates in 2011, Found that there is an imbalance of the various language skills development in the process of learning Chinese,Which reading, written expression and oral expression of three important factors that affect the certified rate.%MHK测试是汉语教学的重要组成部分。正确处理测试与教学的关系,能及时发现并解决教学中存在的问题。通过对喀什师范学院2011年参加MHK测试考生的成绩进行统计和分析,发现学生在汉语学习过程中存在着各项语言技能发展不均衡的现象,其中阅读、书面表达和口语表达是影响获证率的三个重要因素。

  1. Supporting Research for "Double Teachers" Team Construction of School-enterprise Cooperation Take Professional Tourism Management School-enterprise Cooperation "Double" Teachers Construction as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuxia Chen

    2015-01-01

    This paper mainly studies cooperative education problems of tourism management professional school-enterprise cooperation. Since the 1990s, many universities have begun to explore the issue of school-enterprise cooperation in running schools, and tourism management major is one of the popular professional cooperative education, there has been various forms of cooperative education, both success and failure cases. Many scholars take in-depth research of the issues and come up with many innovative ideas. Currently, much tourism management major of higher colleges gradually embarked on the road of school-enterprise cooperation. This study is under the background of the booming Chinese tourism higher education, school-enterprises cooperation have continued deepen, from both theoretical and practical aspects have a deep thinking in tourism management professional school-enterprise cooperative education issues systems.

  2. Teacher Inequality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew J. Wayne

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available When discussing the teacher quality gap, policy makers have tended to focus on teacher certification, degrees, and experience. These indicators have become key benchmarks for progress toward equality of educational opportunity, in part for lack of additional teacher quality indicators. This article turns attention to teachers' academic skills. National data on teachers' entrance examination scores and college selectivity reveal substantial disparities by school poverty level. The findings commend attention to the gap in academic skills in the formulation of future policy and research on the teacher quality gap.

  3. Developing Teacher Effectiveness Through Interpersonal Skill Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Kolk, Charles J.

    1975-01-01

    A model for developing teacher interpersonal skill was employed to improve teacher-student relationships. Teachers (N=18) received 20 hours of training that consisted of studying human relationship skills, listening to taped examples of good relationships, and practice through role playing. Teachers did significantly increase their ability to…

  4. Competition for Private and State School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Francis; Machin, Stephen; Murphy, Richard; Zhu, Yu

    2008-01-01

    We analyse the role of private schools in the teachers' labour market. Private schools employ an increasingly-disproportionate share of teachers in Britain, relative to the number of their pupils. Their teachers are more likely than state school teachers to possess post-graduate qualifications, and to be specialists in shortage subjects.…

  5. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... take medicine safely, people can vastly lower the quality of their lives and in some extreme cases, ... the other one standing on my head, you know, it really gets to be difficult. Announcer: Some ...

  6. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... better, the antibiotic is working in killing the bacteria, but it might not completely give what they call a "bactericidal effect." That means taking the bacteria completely out of the system. It might be ...

  7. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Calvin Knowlton: In the last five to six years, dozens of prescription medications have switched to the ... lot of reminders we've learned over the years of how to take our medication. One of ...

  8. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a medical professional. Dr. Calvin Knowlton: In the last five to six years, dozens of prescription medications ... for instance, in the United States, most of us, our culture, is that we take antibiotics for ...

  9. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the bacteria, but it might not completely give what they call a "bactericidal effect." That means taking ... be sure to ask the following six questions-- What is the name of the medicine? What is ...

  10. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... means taking the bacteria completely out of the system. It might be just putting it to rest ... if they occur? And, is there any written information available about the medicine? There are many reasons ...

  11. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... twice as bad. Woman: Alright, that's for high blood pressure. Doctor: Okay. Woman: I take a half ... we can't feel, so people with high blood pressure--we really can't feel that, and ...

  12. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... teeth or eating breakfast. By communicating with our health care providers and by accepting a greater responsibility in our own health care, we can learn to take our medicines safely.

  13. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or eating breakfast. By communicating with our health care providers and by accepting a greater responsibility in our own health care, we can learn to take our medicines safely.

  14. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or economic status, taking medication can be as integral a part of our daily routine as brushing our teeth or eating breakfast. By communicating with our health care providers and by accepting a greater responsibility in ...

  15. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... teeth or eating breakfast. By communicating with our health care providers and by accepting a greater responsibility in our own health care, we can learn to take our medicines ...

  16. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... I take it and for how long? What foods, drinks, other medicines or activities should I avoid ... twice a day and one of them with food and the other one standing on my head, ...

  17. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... if they occur? And, is there any written information available about the medicine? There are many reasons ... seven days of the week. Announcer: Regardless of age or economic status, taking medication can be as ...

  18. Forest Field Trips among High School Science Teachers in the Southern Piedmont

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCabe, Shannon M.; Munsell, John F.; Seiler, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Students benefit in many ways by taking field trips to forests. Improved academic performance, increased participation in outdoor recreation, and a better grasp of natural resources management are some of the advantages. However, trips are not easy for teachers to organize and lead. Declining budgets, on-campus schedules, and standards of learning…

  19. Take the Floor

    OpenAIRE

    Godts, Marc

    2014-01-01

    A Closed Circuit Projection, projecting the Floor on the Wall Proposition to exhibit the floor on which the conference takes place. Example of such an installation by means of a closed circuit projection that captures and streams the conference floor to project it on one of the walls of the conference. Like a mirror, installing a delay, and by means of that delay, a reflection, allowing us to see us, take, occupy and share the floor.

  20. 研究生教师在幼儿园工作中存在的问题及对策——以30位教师为例%The Problems Which Kindergarten Teachers with Master Degree Have and Possible Solutions: Take 30 Teachers as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈笑颜

    2012-01-01

    对30位研究生教师进行调查发现,研究生教师存在一些问题,如缺少专业发展规划,难以发挥专业优势,较缺乏专业支持,对幼儿园教育现状存有困惑,存在一定的人际交往障碍,工作压力较大,等等。对此,幼儿园管理者应树立培养这些研究生教师的科学理念,并作出合理规划,应建立民主化、人性化的管理模式;教育行政部门、相关高校和幼儿园应给予这些研究生教师全面到位的专业支持;研究生教师自身应注意扬长补短,学会自我调适。%An investigation of 30 kindergarten teachers with master degree shows that those teachers do not have a professional development plan; they feel difficult to make full use of their professional advantages; they lack sufl]cient professional support; feel puzzled about the present situation of kindergartens; some have communicative problems and feel higher pressure from their work. Thus, kindergarten management should have scientific opinions about cultivating teachers and reasonable training plans. The management model should be democratic and personalized. Educational administration departments, related universities and kindergarten management should provide all round professional support. Teachers should give full play to their strengths and make up for their weaknesses and learn to make adjustments.

  1. The Math teachers know

    CERN Document Server

    Davis, Brent

    2013-01-01

    What sorts of mathematics competencies must teachers have in order to teach the discipline well? This book offers a novel take on the question. Most research is focused on explicit knowledge-that is, on the sorts of insights that might be specified, catalogued, taught, and tested. In contrast, this book focuses on the tacit dimensions of teachers' mathematics knowledge that precede and enable their competencies with formal mathematics. It highlights the complexity of this knowledge and offers strategies to uncover it, analyze it, and re-synthesize it in ways that will make it more available

  2. How Social-Media Enhanced Learning Platforms Support Students in Taking Responsibility for Their Own Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pals Svendsen, Lisbet; Mondahl, Margrethe

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The paper is based on the chapter “How Social Media Enhanced Learning Platforms Challenge and Motivate Students to Take Charge of Their Own Learning Processes – A Few Examples” from the publication Increasing Student Engagement and Retention using Social Technologies: Facebook, e...... and how social media enhanced learning platforms challenge and motivate students in their learning processes. Findings – The paper provides examples from didactic experiments carried out at the Copenhagen Business School and in Danish high schools. The authors focus on the changing role of teachers from...... the traditional role of (almost) full teacher responsibility for classroom action to a coaching and facilitating role where students assume increasing responsibility for their learning and for classroom activities. The paper also discusses the transfer and application of experiences made on the basis of changing...

  3. Price increase

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Please take note that after five years of stable prices at Restaurant No 1 a price increase will come into force on 1st January 2006. This increase has been agreed after discussions between the CSR (Comité de Surveillance des Restaurants) and the catering company Novae and will reflect the inflation rate of the last few years. In addition, a new children's menu will be introduced, as well as 'Max Havelaar' fair-trade coffee at a price of 1.70 CHF.

  4. Price increase

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Please take note that after five years of stable prices at Restaurant No 1 a price increase will come into force on 1st January 2006. This increase has been agreed after discussions between the CSR (Comité de Surveillance des Restaurants) and the catering company Novae and will reflect the inflation rate of the last few years. In addition, a new children's menu will be introduced as well as 'Max Havelaar' fair-trade coffee at a price of 1.70 CHF.

  5. [Teacher Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmatier, Robert A., Ed.

    1977-01-01

    This issue collects three articles concerning reading-teacher training. "Language, Failure, and Panda Bears" by Patricia M. Cunningham calls attention to dialect difficulties in the classroom and provides ideas for teacher training programs and for public schools to solve this problem. William H. Rupley, in "Improving Teacher Effectiveness in…

  6. Education Partnerships in Teacher Training: McDonald Observatory and the Giant Magellan Telescope Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkelstein, Keely; Preston, Sandra Lee; Hemenway, Mary; Malasarn, Davin; Wetzel, Marc

    2015-08-01

    McDonald Observatory in remote, west Texas has a long history of providing K-12 teacher professional development (PD) through workshops at the observatory. Recently, we have started a new teacher PD program in partnership with the Giant Magellan Telescope Organization (GMTO) to provide teacher training and establish a network of teachers and students engaged in the Giant Magellan Telescope. The GMT Teacher workshop has been offered to 30 teachers during the summers of 2014 and 2015; continued engagement has been offered to the teachers through online resources, networking, participation in other teacher PD opportunities and conferences. Evaluation has been conducted using several metrics immediately post workshops, and long term followup evaluation methods. At the close of the 2014 workshop teachers reported learning about the telescopes and nighttime observing, and the promise of the GMT. Consensus statements at the close of the workshop also spoke about passion for and appreciation of astronomy. The major source of recommendation during the year one workshop was to provide more detailed information or activities on the GMT during the workshops. While this does prove challenging to incorporate a full slate of activities on the GMT before the telescope is even built, we are currently working to produce more take-home materials which are GMT specific, continue to make general connections to telescope technology and science that are applicable to the GMT with the teachers. McDonald Observatory and GMTO will continue to partner to offer teacher PD related to the GMT, and increase the network of teachers and students engaged in the GMT, up and through the beginning of its operations in 2020. We will present the current highlights, evaulation outcome results, and future outlook for this program and collaboration.

  7. Using Mobile Devices to Connect Teachers and Museum Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delen, Ibrahim; Krajcik, Joseph

    2016-03-01

    The use of mobile devices is increasing rapidly as a potential tool for science teaching. In this study, five educators (three middle school teachers and two museum educators) used a mobile application that supported the development of a driving question. Previous studies have noted that teachers make little effort to connect learning experiences between classrooms and museums, and few studies have focused on creating connections between teachers and museum educators. In this study, teachers and museum educators created an investigation together by designing a driving question in conjunction with the research group before field trips. During field trips, students collected their own data using iPods or iPads to take pictures or record videos of the exhibits. When students returned to the school, they used the museum data with their peers as they tried to answer the driving question. After completing the field trips, five educators were interviewed to investigate their experiences with designing driving questions and using mobile devices. Besides supporting students in data collection during the field trip, using mobile devices helped teachers to get the museum back to the classroom. Designing the driving question supported museum educators and teachers to plan the field trip collaboratively.

  8. Increasing teacher motivation and supervision is an important but not sufficient strategy for improving praziquantel uptake in Schistosoma mansoni control programs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhumuza, Simon; Katahoire, Anne; Nuwaha, Fred;

    2013-01-01

    Realization of the public health benefits of mass drug administration (MDA) for the control of schistosomiasis depends on achieving and maintaining high annual treatment coverage. In Uganda, the uptake of preventive treatment for schistosomiasis among school-age children in 2011 was only 28%. Str......%. Strategies are needed to increase uptake....

  9. NEW DISCOURSES OF TEACHER PROFESSIONALISM: A NORWEGIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyvind Elstad

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Teacher-training programmes at the universities should be at the level of and ideally ahead of developments in the schools. When both teaching organisations and the authorities place an emphasis on efforts towards increased professionalism in the work of the teacher, it is reasonable to ask how the teacher-training programmes at the universities can and should respond.  This is taking place at a time when new management systems are being put in place within the education sector.  The purposes of this article are to place the questions relating to efforts towards increased professionalism within a theoretical framework and to use this framework to discuss challenges faced by the teacher-training programmes at the universities in particular. The theoretical framework consists of four competing visions for influence in terms of the school’s activities: professionalism, administrative management of the school sector, school democracy and marketisation. I will use this theoretical framework to discuss the possibilities and limitations for efforts towards increased professionalism and their consequences for teacher-training institutions. The solutions to the conflicts between these visions suggest that it is rational to look for a balance between several positive but partially contradictory intentions.  The efforts towards increased professionalism have consequences both for student teachers and for established teachers, whilst tools for assessing teachers and making them accountable also have deep implications for teacher training.  The manner in which these tools will be used will have consequences for the competitive situation between schools.  Product development will be important in this perspective, which means a need to develop innovation skills within the teacher’s field of work. The conclusion must be that efforts towards increased professionalism based on tools for increasing responsibility and work assessment provides the teacher

  10. Teacher agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Priestley, M.; Biesta, G.; Robinson, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    with their environments (Biesta & Tedder, 2007). In this chapter, we outline the latter conception of agency, developing a conceptual model for teacher agency that emphasizes the temporal and relational dimension of the achievement of agency. Why does this matter? Recent curriculum policy in many countries heralds a [re......]turn to the centrality of the teacher in school-based curriculum development. In many cases, this renewed emphasis on teachers is explicitly tied to change agendas, with teachers described as agents of change. And yet such change agentry (Fullan, 2003) and teacher agency more broadly are often circumscribed by features...

  11. Reflections of Preservice Information Technology Teachers Regarding Cyberbullying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yavuz Akbulut

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The current phenomenological study addressed the reflections of preservice information technology (IT teachers regarding their cyberbullying or victimization experiences. Fifty five preservice IT teachers at a Turkish teacher training institution were offered a lecture with the purpose of awareness-raising on cyberbullying, which was followed by the assignment of take-home reflection papers. Document analysis on reflection papers led researchers to find out underlying themes regarding participants’ cyberbullying or victimization experiences. Findings revealed that females were more likely to be victims than males. Instant messaging programs, e-mail, cell phones and online social networks were used as means to cyberbully. Varying psychological consequences of victimization incidents were reported. Noted reactions to incidents were discontinuing interaction with bullies, and seeking family, peer and legal support. Findings further implied that awareness raising activities regarding cyberbullying were likely to reduce cyberbullying instances and increase preservice teachers’ action competence.

  12. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... back twice as bad. Woman: Alright, that's for high blood pressure. Doctor: Okay. Woman: I take a half a ... that we can't feel, so people with high blood pressure--we really can't feel that, and so ...

  13. Reformer Takes French Reins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The painful reforms chosen by French voters to rejuvenate their sluggish economy have smoothed the way for Nicolas Sarkozy to take up France’s top political job.The 52-year-old leader of the ruling right-wing Union

  14. Take Three: Seasonal Flu

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-09-29

    In this podcast, Dr. Joe Bresee describes how to keep from getting seasonal flu and spreading it to others by taking these three steps.  Created: 9/29/2010 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 9/29/2010.

  15. Taking minutes of meetings

    CERN Document Server

    Gutmann, Joanna

    2016-01-01

    aking Minutes of Meetings guides you through the entire process behind minute taking: arranging the meeting; writing the agenda; creating the optimum environment; structuring the meeting and writing notes up accurately. The minute-taker is one of the most important and powerful people in a meeting and you can use this opportunity to develop your knowledge, broaden your horizons and build credibility within the organization. Taking Minutes of Meetings is an easy to read 'dip-in, dip-out' guide which shows you how to confidently arrange meetings and produce minutes. It provides hands-on advice about the sections of a meeting as well as tips on how to create an agenda, personal preparation, best practice advice on taking notes and how to improve your accuracy. Brand new chapters of this 4th edition include guidance on using technology to maximize effectiveness and practical help with taking minutes for a variety of different types of meetings. The creating success series of books... With over one million copi...

  16. Take a Bow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spitzer, Greg; Ogurek, Douglas J.

    2009-01-01

    Performing-arts centers can provide benefits at the high school and collegiate levels, and administrators can take steps now to get the show started. When a new performing-arts center comes to town, local businesses profit. Events and performances draw visitors to the community. Ideally, a performing-arts center will play many roles: entertainment…

  17. Taking Current Antiretroviral Drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... INHIBITORS INTEGRASE INHIBITORS 1. NUCLEOSIDE AND NUCLEOTIDE ANALOG REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE INHIBITORS (NUKES) DRUG DAILY PILLS (ADULTS) HOW TO TAKE & ... Don't combine with d4T. 2. NON-NUCLEOSIDE REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE INHIBITORS** (NNRTIs or NON-NUKES) DRUG DAILY PILLS (Adults)* ...

  18. Taking the Stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s musical theater market has yet to take shape for a homegrown repertoire to expand The past summer offered an interesting variety of musical performances. While the Chinese version of Mama Mia!,one of the most popular musicals in the world, tours China on a 200-performance run, homegrown musicals are also gaining ground.

  19. Take Your Medicines Safely

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... twice as bad. Woman: Alright, that's for high blood pressure. Doctor: Okay. Woman: I take a half a ... we can't feel, so people with high blood pressure--we really can't feel that, and so ...

  20. 对后扩招时代地方院校教师人事代理制度的探讨%Discussion on the Personnel Agency System of Local University Teachers in the Post Age of Increasing Enrollment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡华健

    2014-01-01

    The coming of post age of increasing enrollment in higher education leads to the dilemma after the more than ten years personnel agency system of university teachers such as construction system falling behind the work regulation , increasing management cost , narrow development space of the personnel , poor professional stabili-ty of personnel, and so on.Through the sorting and analysis of the basic characteristics of university teachers en-rollment in the developed countries , the successful experiences should be borrowed , the following countermeasures are put forward , persistent whole crew enrollment , attempting classified enrollment , respecting higher education law, actively promoting in parts, strengthening occupation management , strictly evaluation, enriching connotation of system, speeding the security construction , attention to the human value , carrying out the rule of talents to em-power the university , continuously improving the personnel agency system of local university teachers in the post in -creasing enrollment age .%内地高等教育后扩招时代的到来,使得高校教师人事代理制度在推行十多年后面临诸如“制度建设落后于劳动法规”“制度运行成本增加”“人员职后发展空间狭窄”“人员职业稳定状况堪忧”等现实困境。通过梳理和分析西方主要发达国家高校教师聘任制的基本特点,借鉴其成功经验,建议从“坚持全员聘用、尝试分类聘任,尊重高教规律、积极分段推进,强化岗位管理、严格聘期考核,丰富制度内涵、加快社保建设,重视人本价值、落实人才强校”等方面入手,不断完善我国后扩招时代地方院校教师人事代理制度。

  1. Teacher expertise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    . The question is how teacher preparation leads to effective teachers. The study Expert in Teaching paid special attention to the intention of connecting coursework more directly to practice in pre-service teacher education. The overall objective of the study was to strengthen the relationship between theory...... and practice through development of better models for bridging the teaching at college and the internship teaching. The study was a longitudinal research and development project that followed teacher students during their first three years of a four year teacher education program after the teacher education...... reform of 2007. The study included four teacher training colleges at two university colleges and about 100 students. In the reform and in the study focus was on professional development. Each of the colleges implemented a number of actions in order to see whether they had potential for bridging the gap...

  2. Taking a deep breath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Renato Zacharias

    2012-12-01

    be paid to language revision and reference citation. Together with its authors and readers, IJHDR contributes to the development of a kind of knowledge close to the borders of science. Therefore, to establish a valid scientific background, the articles must be clearly written, and based on sound assumptions. High-visibility for articles is a fundamental aspect desired by all authors. As an open and free access journal, IJHDR meets that condition, and we are planning to make our influence and visibility even wider. Inclusion in the major databases has paramount importance in the academic milieu, however, it should be considered as a consequence, rather than a goal. In 2013, IJHDR will chair a collaborative project with several research institutions aiming to deliver information everywhere, increasing the visibility of the published articles. Thus, now it is the time to take a deep breath, relax, and prepare you for the forthcoming work! See you in 2013!

  3. A Survey on the Professional Dedication of Young Teachers in Newly Upgraded Universities——Taking Hengshui University and Other Two Universities as the Study Case%新建本科院校青年教师敬业情况调查——以衡水学院等3所学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩伏彬; 董建梅

    2012-01-01

    以衡水学院等3所高校为个案,课题组对河北省新建本科院校青年教师的敬业情况进行了调查。调查结果显示,青年教师敬业情况总体良好,70后和80后青年教师的敬业认知度有一定差异。影响青年教师敬业的主要因素源自于他们的职业良心等内部因素和工作报酬等外部因素。同时,也存在奉献精神认同度低、职业心态不稳定以及职业压力较大等问题。并从加强思想道德教育、加快专业化发展以及调整教育政策导向等方面提出对策建议。%Taking Hengshui University and other two universities as the case,the research group conducted a survey on the professional dedication of young teachers in newly upgraded universities of Hebei Province.The results show that,the professional dedication of young teachers is generally good;however,there are some differences in the understanding of the professional dedication of the young teaches who were born in 1970s and in 1980s;professional conscience and salaries are the major factors that affect their professional dedication.Besides,there are also some problems such as their low identity of professional dedication,dissatisfaction with the profession and higher professional pressure.Strengthening the ideological and ethical education,speeding up the professional development and adjusting educational policies are the corresponding strategies.

  4. Teachers and the foundations of intercultural interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günay, Oya

    2016-08-01

    With the effects of globalisation, the number of people exposed to intercultural interaction has increased significantly. One of the most affected sectors is education. In parallel to the increase in numbers of students going abroad for tertiary education, primary and secondary education classes have also become culturally and religiously more diverse, mainly due to the effects of migration. With the increase in cultural diversity among their students, teachers find themselves facing new challenges. In order to be able to effectively encourage cultural exchange and intercultural dialogue, teachers need to cultivate their own intercultural competence. However, instead of directly jumping to the end result, this paper focuses on the very foundations of any intercultural interaction, namely self-awareness - of one's own normative settings -, acceptance of the equality of different cultural approaches, and strategies for how these can be transformed into personal attributes. The author highlights the importance of the internalisation of a belief in order to be able to reflect it in one's behaviour and convey to others the sense that they are genuinely accepted as they are. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) provides important insights into how and under which conditions internalisation can take place. Combining the insights gained from SDT with questioning techniques used by coaching experts, the author drafts a set of self-assessment questions which aim to help teachers reflect on the foundations of their intercultural interactions, gauge their level of internalisation and define the areas they have to focus on in order to cultivate their intercultural competence.

  5. Teachers and the foundations of intercultural interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günay, Oya

    2016-06-01

    With the effects of globalisation, the number of people exposed to intercultural interaction has increased significantly. One of the most affected sectors is education. In parallel to the increase in numbers of students going abroad for tertiary education, primary and secondary education classes have also become culturally and religiously more diverse, mainly due to the effects of migration. With the increase in cultural diversity among their students, teachers find themselves facing new challenges. In order to be able to effectively encourage cultural exchange and intercultural dialogue, teachers need to cultivate their own intercultural competence. However, instead of directly jumping to the end result, this paper focuses on the very foundations of any intercultural interaction, namely self-awareness - of one's own normative settings -, acceptance of the equality of different cultural approaches, and strategies for how these can be transformed into personal attributes. The author highlights the importance of the internalisation of a belief in order to be able to reflect it in one's behaviour and convey to others the sense that they are genuinely accepted as they are. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) provides important insights into how and under which conditions internalisation can take place. Combining the insights gained from SDT with questioning techniques used by coaching experts, the author drafts a set of self-assessment questions which aim to help teachers reflect on the foundations of their intercultural interactions, gauge their level of internalisation and define the areas they have to focus on in order to cultivate their intercultural competence.

  6. Teacher Educators' Identity: A Review of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izadinia, Mahsa

    2014-01-01

    Research suggests that the development of a teacher educator identity is a central process in becoming a teacher educator. Recently, there has been an increasing interest in the concept of teacher identity. However, teacher educator identity seems to be still under-researched. In this article, a review of literature on teacher educator identity is…

  7. Put Teachers on Your Administrative Cabinet, and Restore Labor Harmony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Bill D.

    1982-01-01

    In Whithall (Michigan) schools, a teacher representative is included on the superintendent's administrative cabinet. Teacher participation has improved internal communication, aided in a campaign for a tax millage increase, and helped solve problems with teacher transfers. (MLF)

  8. Prospective Mathematics Teachers' Opinions on

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Eraslan

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the opinions of prospective mathematics teachers in Teaching Practice course taken at the last semester of the teacher education program. For this purpose, 47 prospective teachers taking Teaching Practice wrote and submitted one or two-page reflection of their school-based experiences at the end of the semester. Their written responses were examined and analyzed qualitatively. Findings indicated that (1 there exist not enough opportunities for practice teaching, little or no feedback from their supervising teachers, no links between pure mathematics courses and school mathematics. On the other hand, they stated that they get benefit from the teaching courses such as Teaching Methodology I-II, and Instructional Technology and Developing Materials, feel like the real teacher of their classrooms and get to know more about the real classroom environment and school students. Key words:

  9. Understanding Teacher Effectiveness: Providing Feedback to Teacher Preparation Programs. Data for Action 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Data Quality Campaign, 2014

    2014-01-01

    State leaders are increasingly focused on improving college and university programs that prepare teachers as a route to a high-quality teacher workforce. This work requires significant data capacity to reliably and securely link teachers with their students' achievement and growth data with the state's teacher preparation programs. This fact sheet…

  10. The Relationship between Learning Effectiveness, Teacher Competence and Teachers Performance Madrasah Tsanawiyah at Serang, Banten, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmatullah, Mamat

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the problem is limited factors relating to the learning effectiveness and teacher competence in improving the teacher performance. Therefore, this study will try to get explanations from some main issues which include the learning effectiveness issue, and teacher competence to increase teacher performance in Madrasah Tsanawiyah at…

  11. Teacher,Entertain Us!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PHILIP; RAZEM

    2008-01-01

    Sometimes,foreign teachers struggle to find a unique voice in the Chinese classroom.They want to help as much as they can and pass along a beneficial skill or language,occasionally one we feel our own country might take for granted.However,when faced with students’requests for classroom"entertain- ment"that seems trivial and/or childish, our first impulse is to dismiss and move on. The truth of the matter is that this student

  12. Ask Teacher Joe!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JosephDeVeto

    2004-01-01

    Hi Teacher Joe! Recently I was watching a TV program that takes place in New York. Even though it was winter, they said it was 30 degrees outside. Another time, in spring, it was 75 degrees. My friend told me that westerners use a system for temperatures called“Fahrenheit” instead of centigrade. Could you tell me how Fahrenheit compares with centigrade and why western people use it? Thank you!

  13. On the prevention of social emergency in colleges——Take the teacher-student relationship crisis as the perspective%论高校社会性突发事件的预防——以师生关系危机为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽英; 李艳

    2011-01-01

    十月本应是收获的季节,但2008年的十月使中国传统师生关系的和谐遭到前所未有的破坏和减损。接连三起发生的"弑师案"是校园暴力的极端表现形式,是学校社会性突发事件的一种。学校管理者乃至全社会在重视强调灾变性突发事件的预防和应对机制的同时,对校园暴力等高校社会性突发事件应予足够的重视。文中以高校社会性突发事件为背景,以高校师生关系危机为视角,分析当前中国高校师生关系危机产生的原因及其表现形式,提出预防和应对高校师生关系危机的方法和措施。%October should be the harvest season,but in October 2008,the harmony of Chinese traditional teacherstudent relationship has been an unprecedented destruction and impairment.Three "teacher murder crime" occur one after another is the extreme manifestations of campus violence,which is also one kind of the school sociality thunderbolt.The school administrators and even the entire society are emphasizing the importance of catastrophic emergency prevention and response mechanisms,at the same time,they also should pay enough attention to the university sociality thunderbolts such as the campus violence and so on.This article takes the university sociality thunderbolt as a background,takes the university teacher-student relationship crisis as the angle of view,to analysis the reason and the manifestation of teacherstudent relationship crisis,in order to proposes measures to prevent and respond to the crisis in university teacherstudent relationship.

  14. The Impact of a Community College Teacher Education Program on the Success Rate of Minority Teacher Certification Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, Britine Lynee

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between the mission of community colleges and the increasing teacher shortage has become more transparent as many community colleges have implemented teacher education programs to address community needs, the shortage of qualified teachers, and the lack of diversity among teachers. As the community college's teacher education role…

  15. What Does It Take to Teach Online?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauck, Mirjam; Stickler, Ursula

    2006-01-01

    Increasingly, fundamental questions are being asked of online language learning: In what ways can online teaching benefit the language learner most? How can online environments be designed, or redesigned, to suit the purposes of language learners? Finally, what does the language teacher need to know to become a successful online tutor? In other…

  16. GLOBALIZATION AND TEACHER DEVELOPMENT FOR SPOKEN ENGLISH INSTRUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine C.M. Goh

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The impact of globalization is experienced most strongly in business and commerce but also increasingly in education. As a result, some scholars have called for a re-envisioning of the role of teachers to model what it means to be a global citizen. In this paper, I acknowledge the need for ESL/EFL teachers to re-examine their identity and roles in light of these global developments. At the same time, I argue that teachers should not lose sight of the importance of honing the craft of teaching English so as to increase their professional capital to mediate the impact of globalization for their students. This article first discusses the changing roles of teachers in a globalized world and highlights the implications for English language teaching and learning.  The ideas are further related to teaching second language oracy (speaking and listening because of its centrality in developing important 21st Century skills in the globalized world. The article also offers ways in which teacher education that takes cognizance of globalization forces can develop ESL/ EFL teachers’ knowledge and beliefs to play their new roles more effectively.

  17. Aviation Expo Taking off

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xinwen; Bai Yifeng

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 12nd Beijing Aviation Expo(Aviation Expo/China 2007) was held this September 19-22 at the China International Exhibition Center.Beijing Aviation Expo is the ONLY aviation exhibition (Civil & Military,including Airport & Air Traffic Control) organized in Beijing,taking place every two years.It is also the most influential aviation exhibition with the longest history in China.

  18. Raising the Bar: Aligning and Elevating Teacher Preparation and the Teaching Profession. A Report of the American Federation of Teachers Teacher Preparation Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The American Federation of Teachers Teacher Preparation Task Force was established to examine the research on what works and what does not work in the field of teacher preparation as a basis for making policy recommendations. Just as important, the task force considered how best to implement such policy recommendations in a way that takes into…

  19. Perspective Taking in Workplaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zappalà Salvatore

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Workplaces are often described as places in which individuals are motivated by their self-interests and in which negative events like time pressure, anxiety, conflict with co-workers, miscomprehensions, difficulties in solving problems, not-transmitted or not-exchanged information that lead to mistakes, and in some cases to injuries, stress or control, are part of everyday life (Dormann & Zapf, 2002; Schabracq, Winnubst and Cooper, 2003. Such situations are often the result of the limited comprehension of needs, skills, or information available to colleagues, supervisors, subordinates, clients or providers. However, workplaces are also places in which employees take care of clients, support colleagues and subordinates (Rhoades & Eisenberger, 2002, are enthusiastic about their job (Bakker et al., 2008, are motivated by leaders that encourage employees to transcend their own self-interests for the good of the group or the organization and provide them with the confidence to perform beyond expectations (Bass, 1997. Thus positive relationships at work are becoming a new interdisciplinary domain of inquiry (Dutton & Ragins, 2006. Within this positive relationships framework, in this paper we focus on a positive component of workplaces, and particularly on an individual cognitive and emotional process that has an important role in the workplace because it facilitates interpersonal relations and communications: it is the perspective taking process. In order to describe perspective taking, we will refer to some empirical studies and particularly to the review published by Parker, Atkins and Axtell in 2008 on the International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

  20. Constructing Outcomes in Teacher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn Cochran-Smith

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available As we enter the twenty-first century, the outcomes, consequences, and results of teacher education have become critical topics in nearly all of the state and national policy debates about teacher preparation and licensure as well as in the development of many of the privately and publicly funded research agendas related to teacher and student learning. In this article, I argue that teacher education reform over the last fifty years has been driven by a series of questions about policy and practice. The question that is currently driving reform and policy in teacher education is what I refer to as "the outcomes question." This question asks how we should conceptualize and define the outcomes of teacher education for teacher learning, professional practice, and student learning, as well as how, by whom, and for what purposes these outcomes should be documented, demonstrated, and/or measured. In this article, I suggest that the outcomes question in teacher education is being conceptualized and constructed in quite different ways depending on the policy, research, and practice contexts in which the question is posed as well as on the political and professional motives of the posers. The article begins with an overview of the policy context, including those reforms and initiatives that have most influenced how outcomes are currently being constructed, debated, and enacted in teacher education. Then I identify and analyze three major "takes" on the outcomes question in teacher education—outcomes as the long-term or general impacts of teacher education, outcomes as teacher candidates' scores on high stakes teacher tests, and outcomes as the professional performances of teacher candidates, particularly their demonstrated ability to influence student learning. For each of these approaches to outcomes, I examine underlying assumptions about teaching and schooling, the evidence and criteria used for evaluation, units of analysis, and consequences for the

  1. Reflection on Increasing Work Efficiency of Teachers' Representative Congress in Universities%关于加强高校教代会工作效能的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军

    2016-01-01

    As a special institutional arrangement for internal governance of Chinese public universities, the system of teachers’ representative congress in universities has played important roles in improving universities’ major decisions, safeguarding legitimate rights and interests of faculty members, promoting democratic management of universities and enabling faculty members to act as masters. However, incomplete institutions, inadequate performance of authorities and poor execution of roles lead to low work effi ciency of teachers’ representative congress. Meanwhile, faculty members’ enthusiasm about joining the congress and their recognition of the congress as its subjects are also impacted. Hence, it is of great realistic signifi cance for facilitating institutional construction of modern universities aiming to improve the system of the congress and deeply promote the scientifi c democracy by increasing work effi ciency of teachers’ representative congress in universities.%高校教代会制度作为我国公立高校内部治理的一种特殊制度安排,在30多年的实际运行过程中,在完善学校重大决策、维护教职工合法权益、推进高校民主管理、落实教职工的主人翁地位等方面发挥了重要作用。但由于制度尚不健全,职权不够落实,作用发挥不够充分等原因,导致教代会工作效能不高,同时也影响了作为教代会主体的教职工参与教代会的积极性和对教代会的认可度。因此加强高校教代会工作效能建设对促进教代会制度的完善和发展,深入推进以科学民主为核心的现代大学制度建设具有重要的现实意义。

  2. Teachers' Preferences to Teach Underserved Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronfeldt, Matthew; Kwok, Andrew; Reininger, Michelle

    2016-01-01

    To increase the supply of teachers into underserved schools, teacher educators and policymakers commonly use two approaches: (a) recruit individuals who already report strong preferences to work in underserved schools or (b) design pre-service preparation to increase preferences. Using survey and administrative data on more than 1,000 teachers in…

  3. Teacher MA Attainment Rates, 1970-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, S. Eric

    2010-01-01

    The share of female teachers in the U.S. with an MA more than doubled between 1970 and 2000. This increase is puzzling, as it is much larger than that of other college-educated women, and it occurred over a period of declining teacher aptitude. I estimate the contribution of changes in teacher demographic characteristics, increases in the returns…

  4. The Future of Instructional Teacher Leader Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangin, Melinda M.; Stoelinga, Sara Ray

    2010-01-01

    In response to increased performance expectations, schools and districts are turning to nonsupervisory, school-based, instructional teacher leader roles to help improve teachers' instruction and enhance student learning. Increased opportunities to learn about teacher leadership may facilitate the implementation and institutionalization of…

  5. Taking steps to increase the trustworthiness of scientific research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarborough, Mark

    2014-09-01

    To enjoy the public's trust, the research community must first be clear about what it is expected to do and then avoid the incidents that prevent it from meeting those expectations. Among other things, there are expectations that published scientific results will be reliable, that research has the potential to contribute to the common good, and that research will be conducted ethically. Consequently, the scientific community needs to avoid lapses that prevent it from meeting these three expectations. This requires a strong commitment to trustworthy research practices, as well as mechanisms that diminish lapses that inevitably occur in complex endeavors such as scientific research. The author presents a model to assess the strength of commitment to trustworthy research and explores proven quality assurance mechanisms that can diminish lapses in research injurious to the public's trust. Some mechanisms identify in advance ways that things can go wrong so that steps can be taken to prevent them from going wrong in the first place. Other mechanisms investigate past errors or near misses to discover their causes so that they can be addressed to avoid similar future instances. The author explains why such methods are useful to efforts to promote research worthy of the public's trust.

  6. Factfinding in Teacher Disputes: The Wisconsin Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatewood, Lucian B.

    1974-01-01

    Findings suggest that not only has the use of factfinding declined within the teacher sector of public employee bargaining, but that the decline is likely to continue. Increased teacher militancy reflects the times. (Author/MW)

  7. The relationship between teacher responsiveness and the engagement of children with aggressive behavior in preschool : A systematic literature review from 2000-2016

    OpenAIRE

    Papadopoulou, Vasiliki

    2016-01-01

    The importance of aggressive behavior in preschool ages can be seen from the serious impact it has later in children's lives if a suitable change will not take place. the number of children with behavioral rpoblems in preschool are increasing with a great amount of teachers admitting that they are insufficiently prepared to manage it. The aim of this systematic literature review is to examine the evidence of teacher responsiveness affecting child engagement, with specific focus on children fr...

  8. Conference Take-Aways

    OpenAIRE

    Corley-Lay, Judith

    2015-01-01

    Ideas to take home: From Sam Savage and from the presentation by Peter Kadar, we need to move away from averages and convey risk accurately. Some issues are worldwide, such as effective communication, funding, personnel cuts, privatization, etc. The future is now topics: RWD and TSD are no longer “out there” but are showing more and more promise. Sustainability also is here to stay. Andre Molenaar commented that wasting demolition waste materials is a real waste. Part of reduced budgets is us...

  9. Changes in the training of teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bone, Tom R.

    1987-09-01

    The worldwide changes in the role of the teacher have obvious implications for their training, at both the pre-service and in-service levels. This article focuses first on the increase in the external control of training institutions, whether directly by governments or less directly through agencies which represent the views of the schools, the teaching profession and the employers. Examples are taken from the United Kingdom, with some analysis of the influence of the Council for National Academic Awards, the General Teaching Council for Scotland, and the Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education, but the issues dealt with, such as standards in training, are of general interest. The nature of the changes that are being made in training are then examined. Some relate to preparing teachers to meet the requirements of new curricula in the schools. Others are more concerned with the ways in which the training itself is becoming more integrated, more immediately relevant, and more professional. Two current needs are referred to: one for the trainers to help teachers relate more closely to the work of other agencies in society; and the other for them to take more account of the multicultural nature of the communities they serve. Finally, the author turns to what he regards as the greatest problem facing the training institutions today — the need for the development of their own staff. In the Third World countries the need is for trainers who are themselves better educated, more experienced and more skilled in helping teachers meet the challenges of nonformal education as well as those of the classroom. In the industrialized West restrictive personnel policies have left institutions with staff who are well qualified but middle-aged and personally inexperienced in facing the demands of a changed situation in the schools. The need for a staff development policy for institutions is urged.

  10. Teacher Labor Markets in Developed Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladd, Helen F.

    2007-01-01

    Helen Ladd takes a comparative look at policies that the world's industrialized countries are using to assure a supply of high-quality teachers. Her survey puts U.S. educational policies and practices into international perspective. Ladd begins by examining teacher salaries--an obvious, but costly, policy tool. She finds, perhaps surprisingly,…

  11. Evaluation System Weighing down Tennessee Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitin, Liana

    2011-01-01

    A state law, which helped Tennessee win Race to the Top money, pushed schools to implement a system that had limited pilot-testing. Education officials in Tennessee are taking flak from teachers and unions for rushing the implementation of the new teacher-evaluation system that will eventually undergird tenure decisions--a move, some worry, that…

  12. Teachers Avoiding Learners' Avoidance: Is It Possible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadayyon, Maedeh; Zarrinabadi, Nourollah; Ketabi, Saeed

    2016-01-01

    Dealing with learners who prefer to take the back seat and avoid classroom participation can be every teacher's nightmare. This lack of participation may cause teacher frustration, and possibly the only way to reduce this lack of participation is to access the concept of avoidance strategy. Avoidance strategy is the abandonment of a classroom task…

  13. Activity Theory and Language Teacher Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feryok, Anne

    2012-01-01

    This article takes a broadly sociocultural perspective on the development of an Armenian English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher. It focuses on how experiences and actions outside the professional development classroom influence language teacher agency. The paper is framed within activity theory and specifically draws on Galperin's orienting…

  14. Factors Influencing How Teachers Manage Their Classrooms

    OpenAIRE

    Sarıçoban, Arif; Sakızlı, Sevilay

    2006-01-01

    Teaching and learning a foreign language is a social process which requires the interaction of two important parts of the process, the teacher and the students, in a social environment.  As this process takes place in a social context, it is inevitable to experience some problems while teaching the students having different needs, interests and levels. These problems may be caused by the students, teachers as well as the physical environment in which teaching and learning take place. It is cl...

  15. Preparing Spiritual Leaders: One Teacher Takes on the Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Judy L.

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the author shares the anxiety she first felt when she learned that she will be teaching a course on the spiritual dimensions of leadership. She was afraid of the fact that she would be going to give up a lot of control when she starts this course. Unlike teaching organization theory, where the boundaries seem clear and tidy,…

  16. Promoting versatililty in mentor teachers' use of supervisory skills

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crasborn, Frank; Hennissen, Paul; Brouwer, Niels; Korthagen, Fred; Bergen, Theo

    2008-01-01

    Mentor teachers need a versatile supervisory skills repertoire. Besides taking the prevalent role of daily advisor and instructor, mentor teachers should also be able to stimulate reflection in student teachers. Video recordings were analyzed of 60 mentoring dialogues, both before and after a mentor

  17. AstroBITS: An Online Course for High School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, C.; Garmany, K.

    2011-09-01

    Take an astronomer from the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, a chemistry teacher with astronomy education experience, a diverse group of science teachers communicating via a wiki and a blog, funding from Science Foundation Arizona and, and you have Astrobits: an online course for high school teachers.

  18. Didactic Dissonance: Teacher Roles in Computer Gaming Situations in Kindergartens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vangsnes, Vigdis; Økland, Nils Tore Gram

    2015-01-01

    In computer gaming situations in kindergartens, the pre-school teacher's function can be viewed in a continuum. At one extreme is the teacher who takes an intervening role and at the other extreme is the teacher who chooses to restrict herself/himself to an organising or distal role. This study shows that both the intervening position and the…

  19. Another Innovation from High Tech High--Embedded Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, Janie; Riordan, Rob

    2016-01-01

    High Tech High School's teaching internship program blends on-the-job work with classroom theory. Interns spend two years working as full teachers as they take courses. The program serves three large purposes: Train new teachers and build capacity in the HTH organization; train teachers in and beyond HTH for success in a wide range of contexts;…

  20. The Impact of Facebook in Teaching Practicum: Teacher Trainees' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goktalay, Sehnaz Baltaci

    2015-01-01

    Prompt feedback is one of the critical components of teacher education programs. To reap the greatest benefit from the teaching practicum process, the quality of feedback as well as its implementation by stakeholders, supervisors, cooperating teachers, and teacher trainees, takes on great importance. The purpose of this study is to examine how Web…

  1. Taking Design Games Seriously

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Mette Agger; Brandt, Eva; Mattelmäki, Tuuli;

    2014-01-01

    Using design games at Participatory Design (PD) events is well acknowledged as a fruitful way of staging participation. As PD researchers, we have many such experiences, and we have argued that design games connect participants and promote equalizing power relations. However, in this paper, we...... will (self) critically re-connect and reflect on how people (humans) and materials (non-humans) continually participate and intertwine in various power relations in design game situations. The analysis is of detailed situated actions with one of our recent games, UrbanTransition. Core concepts mainly from...... Bruno Latour’s work on Actor-Network-Theory are applied. The aim is to take design games seriously by e.g. exploring how assemblages of humans and non-humans are intertwined in tacitly-but-tactically staging participation, and opening up for or hindering negotiations and decision-making, thus starting...

  2. Using our Heads and HARTSS*: Developing Perspective-Taking Skills for Socioscientific Reasoning (*Humanities, ARTs, and Social Sciences)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Sami; Zeidler, Dana L.

    2016-04-01

    Functional scientific literacy demands an informed citizenry capable of negotiating controversial socioscientific issues (SSI). Perspective taking is critical to SSI implementation as it enables understanding of the diverse cognitive and emotional perspectives of others. Science teacher educators must therefore facilitate teachers' promotion of classroom environments that value diverse perspectives. The purpose of this theoretical paper is to propose the HARTSS model through which successful practices that promote perspective taking in the humanities, arts, and social sciences are identified and translated into socioscientific contexts, thereby developing an array of promising interventions designed for science teacher educators to foster perspective taking in current and future science teachers and their students.

  3. Strawberry Square II: Take Time Song Book. 33 Lessons in the Arts to Help Children Take Time with Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Tom, Comp.

    Designed to accompany a series of telelessons to stimulate art activities in grades 2 and 3, this songbook correlates with activities in the teacher's guide. Titles of songs included in this book are: Take Time; The Frog's Flute; Howjido; 59th Street Bridge Song; The Put-Togetherer; Good Morning Starshine; Let the Sunshine In; Elephant Song; Spin…

  4. The Role of the Teacher in Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2012-01-01

    The teacher plays a significant and irreplaceable part in ed- ucation. This paper demonstrates the multiple roles that teachers play, especially language teachers in the process of teaching. The good teacher never works as mere deliverer of information, but take on the roles as mentor, assessor, facilitator, participant, guide in cultural teaching and morality, and learner as well.Since every individual student is an integrated and dynamic body, the teacher should take into consideration all kinds of the cognitive, affective as well as social factors that involve learning. Teachers must be proficient in their career to enable the students to make some academic achievements. Then they should facilitate learning by encouraging and motivating students and providing a comfortable learning environment. Language teachers should also pay attention to foster the right attitude of students towards different cultures. Meanwhile, teachers are themselves learners and it is necessary to continue to pursue professional and personal growth in teaching.

  5. Theorising Changes in Teachers' Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Christine

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses recurrent themes in the literature about teaching in developed countries: the intensification of work, increased central control, diminished professional autonomy, and fears about the deskilling of teachers. Labour Process theory is used to consider how we might understand the ways in which teachers' work and professionalism…

  6. Teacher learning as workplace learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Imants, J.; Van Veen, K.

    2010-01-01

    Against the background of increasing attention in teacher professional development programs for situating teacher learning in the workplace, an overview is given of what is known in general and in educational workplace learning literature on the characteristics and conditions of the workplace. Altho

  7. Indian Teachers and School Improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavers, Dean

    2000-01-01

    Past failures in American Indian education are linked to lingering assimilationist practices, outdated curricula, and low expectations of Indian youth. A key to improving Indian education is changing school culture and increasing the numbers of Indian teachers and administrators. Elements of a model teacher education program are presented, and…

  8. Challenges to Vocational Teacher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Richard C.

    1985-01-01

    Challenges to vocational teacher education include technological change that is sending large numbers of adults back to school; increasing numbers of women, minorities, and handicapped individuals who are seeking employment in nontraditional occupations; vocational preparation for jobs in the information economy; teacher recruitment; and creative…

  9. Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Biotechnology of Elementary Education Preservice Teachers: The first Spanish experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casanoves, Marina; González, Ángel; Salvadó, Zoel; Haro, Juan; Novo, Maite

    2015-11-01

    Due to the important impact that biotechnology has on current Western societies, well-informed critical citizens are needed. People prepared to make conscious decisions about aspects of biotechnology that relate to their own lives. Teachers play a central role in all education systems. Thus, the biotechnological literacy of preservice teachers is an important consideration as they will become an influential collective as future teachers of the next generation of children. The attitudes toward science (and biotechnology) that teachers have affect their behavior and influence the way they implement their daily practice of science teaching in school. This study analyzes the attitudes and knowledge of Spanish preservice teachers toward biotechnology. We designed a new survey instrument that was completed by 407 university students who were taking official degree programs in preschool and primary education. Our results point out that although they are aware of biotechnology applications, topics concerning the structure of DNA, management of genetic information inside the cell, genetically modified organism technology and the use of microorganisms as biotechnological tools were not correctly answered. According to our attitude analysis, Spanish preservice teachers could be defined as opponents of genetically modified product acquisition, supporters of biotechnology for medical purposes and highly interested in increasing their knowledge about biotechnology and other scientific advances. Our results show a positive correlation between better knowledge and more positive attitudes toward biotechnology. A Spanish preservice teacher with positive attitudes toward biotechnology tends to be a student with a strong biology background who scored good marks in our knowledge test.

  10. Astronomy Education and Teacher Training in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirbiyik, Halil

    In this talk, education in astronomy and space sciences in schools in Turkey as well as activities to create awareness in these subjects will be discussed. A search done among youngsters(ages from 15 to 24) for measuring the scientific literacy showed that most attractive subjects to the Turkish younsters are “internet” and “astronomy”. This result led authorities to take necessary measures to fill the gap especially in teaching material such as books. Another attempt along this is to increase astronomy subjects in the school curricula. Besides TUBITAK National Observatory, universities and Turkish Astronomical Society are giving every efort to create public awareness of space activities and space sciences. As for the teacher training in astronomy and space sciences, much has been done but no success has come yet. Astronomy subjects, in schools, are generally taught not by astronomers but some other substitutes from other branches, such as physics and mathematics. Thus the Ministry of Education prefers training teachers in service. Nevertheless it must be stated that astronomers are pushing forward to formally have the right to train astronomers to become teachers to be hired by the Ministry of Education in schools.

  11. Taking Care of Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cortney Davis

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available So take good care of time, therefore and how you spend it. -from " The Cloud of Unknowing"Yesterday it was a thousand small coinsringing in your pocket, your hand dipping in, scooping threeat a time, giving them away. Often you'd drop onein the lush grass, unaware it was lost.Spent, tarnished, it is irretrievable.Today time comes to you in a different disguise:a bold of fine silk, vermillion or blue, you measure itlike a woman preparing to sew.Tomorrow, watch out, it comes as something else-thunderstorm, slant rain, February blizzard that drives you inside.Insomniac, you pace and cursethe blue glow of television, computer screen, radio.Soon enough, time will come to you as you were once,newly born and difficult to recognize. You could mistake itfor an elderly coughing man or a woman overrun with disease.Do not stop your ears against its cry.It will ask you to return any small change.It will say, cherish every moment under the leaden sky.

  12. Taking the plunge

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    On 8 and 15 October, 58 people took the plunge and headed to the Varembé swimming pool in Geneva for their first taste of scuba diving at one of the CERN scuba club’s free trial dives. Club president Alberto Pace, left, taking a new recruit on his first dive. The CERN scuba club was making waves down at the Varembe swimming pool on Wednesday 15 October. Thirty-six people turned up to the club’s second free trial dive. "It was fantastic," said Jörg, one of the new recruits, after his first ever dive. "I’ve always wanted to try diving and this was a free lesson, so I thought I would come and have a go." Fourteen of the club’s fully qualified instructors were there to give one-on-one tuition. After a first dive in the normal pool the new divers moved into the deep pool. Some took to the water like fish, and at one point an impromptu game of aqua-Frisbee broke out, five metres below the surface. Richard Catherall, who organi...

  13. Foreign Language Teachers' Professional Development in Information Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xiying; Wu, Gang

    Cultivation of students' learning autonomy has raised new challenges to teachers' professional development, dynamic, continuous, lifelong full-scale development, with emphasis on the creativity and constancy of the teachers' quality development. The teachers' professional development can take the following approaches: studying theories about foreign language teaching with the aid of modern information technology; organizing online teaching research activities supported by information technology and carrying peer observation and dialogue -teaching reflection in internet environment and fostering scholarly teachers.

  14. Integration of Geospatial Science in Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauselt, Peggy; Helzer, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    One of the primary missions of our university is to train future primary and secondary teachers. Geospatial sciences, including GIS, have long been excluded from teacher education curriculum. This article explains the curriculum revisions undertaken to increase the geospatial technology education of future teachers. A general education class…

  15. Preservice Teachers Connecting Mathematics and Drumming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Anne Marie

    2014-01-01

    Increasingly, elementary classroom teachers are being called to teach a myriad of subjects, including visual art, dance, and music. Preservice teachers must be prepared to teach and integrate multiple subjects. To that end, preservice teachers will need experiences in their preparation that help them to see connections across content areas and…

  16. 论新形势下高校社团建设对学生考研指导的支持--以湖州师范学院考研领航社为例%The Support of University Community Construction for Postgraduate Exam Guidance under the New Situation:Taking the Postgraduate Exam Guidance Community in Huzhou Teachers College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方斯剑

    2014-01-01

    高校学生社团是对大学生进行思想政治教育的主要阵地。高校学生社团对大学生的成长具有思想引领作用。在新时期,教育管理者要认真研究高校社团的作用,不断探索适宜的建设举措,从而更好地发挥社团的功效。本文以湖州师范学院理学院考研领航社建设为例,在对高校学习型学生社团理论和实践等研究的基础上,通过分析高校社团的发展,促进对学生考研的思想引领,结合工作实践,探索以社团建设为载体对大学生进行思想教育和考研指导的新思路。%College student community is the main position of the ideological and political education of college students. College student community has thought leading role in the development of college students. In the new era, education administrators should seriously study the role of college community, and continue to explore suitable building initiatives in order to better play the effectiveness of community. In this paper, taking the Postgraduate Exam Guidance Community in Huzhou Teachers College as an example, on the basis of the research on college learning community theory and practice, through the analysis of the development college community to promote the idea of leading the postgraduate student, combined with the work practice, it explored the new idea of taking the construction of college community as a carrier of ideological education and postgraduate exam guidance for college students.

  17. Take-Home Art Appreciation Kits for Kindergartners and Their Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulcahey, Christine

    2002-01-01

    Describes collaborative project between an art specialist and kindergarten teacher to develop take-home art appreciation kits for kindergartners. Discusses benefits of the collaboration for teachers, children, and families. Focuses on aesthetic inquiry approach to the art kits to develop inquiry and critical thinking skills. Describes the kits'…

  18. The Teaching of Test Taking Skills, Fifth Grade Level. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

    The information and activities in this guide are offered to teachers who want to familiarize their fifth grade students with test taking techniques. The introductory sections of the guide discuss the types of tests administered to fifth grade students, test wisdom in general, characteristics of fifth grade students, the teacher's role in testing…

  19. The Teaching of Test Taking Skills-Grade Three. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince George's County Public Schools, Upper Marlboro, MD.

    The information and activities in this guide are offered to teachers who want to help their third grade students develop test taking skills. The introductory sections of the guide discuss test wisdom, the characteristics of third grade students, the teacher's role in testing programs, elementary words and terms, directional words and phrases for…

  20. Does Raising the School Leaving Age Reduce Teacher Effort? A Note from a Policy Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Green, C.; Navarro Paniagua, M

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of an increase in the school leaving age on high school teachers’ absence behaviour. We estimate differ- ence in difference models of absenteeism using count data approaches. Employing data from the Spanish Labour Force Survey, our findings suggest that high school teachers reduced their effort due to the re- form that raised the age of compulsory education commencing in the academic year 1998-1999 in Spain. In particular, they take 15% more sickness absence i...

  1. Teacher Quality: A Report on the Preparation and Qualifications of Public School Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Laurie; Parsad, Basmat; Carey, Nancy; Bartfai, Nicole; Farris, Elizabeth; Smerdon, Becky

    1999-01-01

    Focuses on teachers' preservice qualifications, continued learning, and workplace support. Examines and provides a context for teachers' feelings of preparedness to meet new challenges posed by education reforms, technological changes, and increased student diversity. (Author/SLD)

  2. PolarTREC—A Model Program for Taking Polar Literacy into the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warburton, J.; Timm, K.; Larson, A. M.

    2009-12-01

    Polar TREC—Teachers and Researchers Exploring and Collaborating, is a three-year (2007-2009) NSF-funded International Polar Year (IPY) teacher professional development program that advances Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education by improving teacher content knowledge and instructional practices through Teacher Research Experiences (TRE) in the Arctic and Antarctic. Leveraging profound changes and fascinating science taking place in the polar regions, PolarTREC broadly disseminates activities and products to students, educators, researchers, and the public, connecting them with the Arctic and Antarctica and sustaining the widespread interest in the polar regions and building on the enthusiasm that was generated through IPY. Central to the PolarTREC Teacher Research Experience Model, over 40 teachers have spent two to eight weeks participating in hands-on research in the polar regions and sharing their experiences with diverse audiences via live events, online multimedia journals, and interactive bulletin boards. The Connecting Arctic/Antarctic Researchers and Educators (CARE) Network unifies learning community members participants, alumni, and others, developing a sustainable association of education professionals networking to share and apply polar STEM content and pedagogical skills. Educator and student feedback from preliminary results of the program evaluation has shown that PolarTREC’s comprehensive program activities have many positive impacts on educators and their ability to teach science concepts and improve their teaching methods. Additionally, K-12 students polled in interest surveys showed significant changes in key areas including amount of time spent in school exploring research activities, importance of understanding science for future work, importance of understanding the polar regions as a person in today’s world, as well as increased self-reported knowledge and interest in numerous science content areas. Building

  3. Italy: pluralism takes root.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Maurizio

    1987-06-01

    Mori gives an overview of biomedical ethics in Italy in one of four Hastings Center Report country reports. Public policy on issues like in vitro fertilization, sterilization and abortion, passive euthanasia, and organ transplantation reflects the declining influence of the Catholic Church and the increasing cultural pluralism of Italian society. The government has appointed advisory bodies on reproductive technologies and AIDS to study the issues and make recommendations. Bills regulating technologies such as in vitro fertilization or liberalizing restrictive laws such as those on contraception are introduced regularly in Parliament, if not always enacted. Mori concludes that general interest in and formal study and discussion of biomedical ethics is increasing in Italy. He sees a danger that the field of bioethics will develop a dual identity, with little progress made in resolving the issues, unless serious dialogue between Catholics and non-Catholics increases. PMID:11644031

  4. Navigating Layers of Teacher Uncertainty among Preservice Science and Mathematics Teachers Engaged in Action Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capobianco, Brenda M.; Ní Ríordáin, Máire

    2015-01-01

    Action research provides valuable opportunities for preservice teachers to improve their practice, their understanding of their practice, and the situation in which their practice takes place. Moreover, action research empowers preservice teachers to critically examine an experience that demonstrates their potential to be influential researchers…

  5. Leading Change and Innovation in Teacher Preparation: A Blueprint for Developing TPACK Ready Teacher Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Tommye; Herring, Mary; Redmond, Pamela; Smaldino, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    When preparing TPACK ready teacher candidates, faculty must incorporate and model TPACK within the teacher education curriculum, which often requires an ongoing change process. But for change to take place we must consider the role leadership plays in the innovation of change. Leaders, deans and department heads must be an integral part of this…

  6. University Teacher Competencies in a Virtual Teaching/Learning Environment: Analysis of a Teacher Training Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guasch, Teresa; Alvarez, Ibis; Espasa, Anna

    2010-01-01

    This paper attempts to shed light on the competencies a university teacher must have in order to teach in virtual learning environments. A teacher training experience was designed by taking into account the methodological criteria established in line with previous theoretical principles. The main objective of our analysis was to identify the…

  7. The Politics of Teacher Professionalism: Intraprofessional Boundary Work in Swedish Teacher Union Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilja, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Taking the latest reform of Swedish teacher education as a point of departure, the aim of this article is to analyse the way Swedish teacher unions construct a knowledge base for teaching as a strategy of professionalisation. The analysis shows that the unions construct such a knowledge base from opposing points of departure. Their professional…

  8. Teacher Education around the World: Changing Policies and Practices. Teacher Quality and School Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling-Hammond, Linda, Ed.; Lieberman, Ann, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Teachers are the most important single element of the education system but what does it take to create high quality teachers in today's world? Around the world, countries are struggling to understand how to change their schools to meet global demands. International comparisons have shown that schools in Finland lead the league tables, but why is…

  9. Sexual risk taking behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buttmann, Nina; Nielsen, Ann; Munk, Christian;

    2011-01-01

    Sexual habits and risky sexual behaviour strongly affect public health. Available data indicate that sexually transmitted infections are increasing in many EU countries. Changes in the epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases across Europe are among other factors suggested to be driven by ch...

  10. Effective Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beverly A. King Miller

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the educational strategies that can be used to support female students of African descent in their persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM education and careers. STEM careers have historically been White male and White female dominated, which has yielded an underrepresentation of those of African descent. Drawing from a grounded qualitative case study, the data used for this article share the responses of Afro-Caribbean females in STEM who have immigrated to the United States from the country of Panama. As Latinas, they are representative of the changing face in the American educational system—bilingual, multicultural, and of African descent. The strategies offered reflect their own teaching practices, their former teachers, or experiences with their children’s teachers. What emerged were descriptions of four strategies and behaviors of effective teachers that align with Ladson-Billings’s culturally relevant pedagogy and Gay’s culturally responsive teaching. Included in the findings are the high standards and expectations embodied by effective teachers that serve to positively inspire their students. Culturally responsive teachers create an atmosphere of learning that supports academic success, conveying their belief in their students’ ability based upon their own reflectivity. As the U.S. educational system continues to become multilingual and multicultural, there is need for strategies for the successful inclusion and progression of students in STEM educational pathways and careers. This will occur as teachers challenge themselves to be the agents of change in the lives of their students.

  11. Taking centre stage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    HAMLET (Highly Automated Multimedia Light Enhanced Theatre) was the star performance at the recent finals of the `Young Engineer for Britain' competition, held at the Commonwealth Institute in London. This state-of-the-art computer-controlled theatre lighting system won the title `Young Engineers for Britain 1998' for David Kelnar, Jonathan Scott, Ramsay Waller and John Wyllie (all aged 16) from Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh. HAMLET replaces conventional manually-operated controls with a special computer program, and should find use in the thousands of small theatres, schools and amateur drama productions that operate with limited resources and without specialist expertise. The four students received a £2500 prize between them, along with £2500 for their school, and in addition they were invited to spend a special day with the Royal Engineers. A project designed to improve car locking systems enabled Ian Robinson of Durham University to take the `Working in industry award' worth £1000. He was also given the opportunity of a day at sea with the Royal Navy. Other prizewinners with their projects included: Jun Baba of Bloxham School, Banbury (a cardboard armchair which converts into a desk and chair); Kobika Sritharan and Gemma Hancock, Bancroft's School, Essex (a rain warning system for a washing line); and Alistair Clarke, Sam James and Ruth Jenkins, Bishop of Llandaff High School, Cardiff (a mechanism to open and close the retractable roof of the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff). The two principal national sponsors of the competition, which is organized by the Engineering Council, are Lloyd's Register and GEC. Industrial companies, professional engineering institutions and educational bodies also provided national and regional prizes and support. During this year's finals, various additional activities took place, allowing the students to surf the Internet and navigate individual engineering websites on a network of computers. They also visited the

  12. Taking Care of Your Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a Friend Who Cuts? Taking Care of Your Vision KidsHealth > For Teens > Taking Care of Your Vision ... are important parts of keeping your peepers perfect. Vision Basics One of the best things you can ...

  13. Alternative Devices for Taking Insulin

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... KB). Alternate Language URL Alternative Devices for Taking Insulin Page Content On this page: What alternative devices ... the skin. [ Top ] What alternative devices for taking insulin are available? Insulin pens provide a convenient, easy- ...

  14. Taking a Chance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heinskou, Marie Bruvik; Demant, Jakob

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes the meaning of alcohol in relation to young people’s sexuality, with focus on acquaintance rape. Drinking is a way to stage oneself as mature; it is intentionally used by both male and female youth to make sexual pleasure possible. It is argued that in the context of sexuality...... among young people, there is a fine line between freedom and gender-specific restrictions. The research on acquaintance rape and alcohol drinking among the youth is traditionally dominated by the concept of risk. This article introduces the concept of chance, along with risk, to grasp the complexities...... of the grey zone situations of acquaintance rape among the youth. The risk of social stigma within the gender game increases with drinking alcohol simultaneously as the chances of expanding the limitations of gender roles also increase with drinking. These social stigmas, embedded in the gender roles...

  15. TAKING OUT THE GARBAGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    How to cope with the disposal of a mountain of trash is becoming an increasingly urgent challenge With Chinese cities estimated to accumulated account for nearly one third of all the garbage produced in the world every year, disposing of this trash is becoming an urgent task for Chinese governments at all levels. In the 1980s, China began a campaign to improve urban sanitary conditions and has

  16. Seeing like a Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zancanella, Don

    2008-01-01

    As coeditor of the April 2006 issue of this journal, Tara Star Johnson wrote an eloquent essay in which she explored "the increasing bureaucratic pressure to mass-produce, homogenize and monitor students" as manifested in the No Child Left Behind Act and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) accreditation process. The…

  17. Queering Art Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosier, Kimberly; Sanders, James H., III

    2007-01-01

    This article sounds a call to action and addresses the challenges of creating inclusive, queer-affirming art teacher education curricula. We examine such challenges through case study vignettes of our varied US university settings and explore the perils of teaching in an increasingly queer-hostile culture. Strategies are given for avoiding attacks…

  18. TEACHERS OF TIBET UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Tibet University isgaining fame in andoutside China as itsgraduates are playingan increasingly impor-tant role in variousfronts of work.Whileenjoying the fruits,onewill never forget thosewho have grown thefruit trees.In the caseof the university,"thosewho grow the fruittrees" are its teachers.

  19. Taking Care of Your Teeth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... teeth are important in many ways. If you take care of them, they'll help take care of you. Strong, healthy teeth help you chew ... have some baby teeth? If you don't take care of your teeth, cavities and unhealthy gums will ...

  20. Ask Teacher Joe!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joseph DeVeto

    2005-01-01

    Question: Dear Teacher Joe, I am a second year student of Hohai University. Although English is not my specialty, I like it very much. In the coming days, I will take a national English test. I have taken this test before but I was not satisfied with my score. The biggest problem with the test is that I am not able to keep up with BBC English. I hope you can give advice on how to improve my listening skills. Also, please recommend some good listening materials to me. I'm looking forward to your answer.

  1. Immigrant Teachers in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jock Collins

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the features of contemporary society is the increasing global mobility of professionals. While the education industry is a key site of the demand for contemporary global professional migration, little attention has been given to the global circulation of education professionals. Over past decades, immigrant teachers have been an important component of skilled and professional immigration into Australia, there is no comprehensive contemporary national study of the experiences of immigrant teachers in Australia. This article aims to fill this gap and to answer questions about their decision to move to Australia, their experience with Australian Education Departments in getting appointed to a school, their experiences as teachers in the classroom and in their new Australian community. It draws on primary data sources - in the form of a survey of 269 immigrant teachers in schools in NSW, SA and WA conducted in 2008-9 - and secondary sources - in the form of the 2006 national census and Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants in Australia – to provide insights into immigrant teachers in Australian schools, adding also to our understanding of Australia’s contemporary immigration experience.

  2. Teacher Unionism and Collective Bargaining in England and Wales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Robert J.

    1982-01-01

    This article analyzes the teacher union movement and the system of teacher bargaining in England and Wales. The author traces the postwar history of teacher negotiations and shows that the present system of negotiation has experienced increasing difficulties in the past decade, such as a rise in teacher militancy. (Author/CT)

  3. Developing an Implementing Teacher Directed Professional Development Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baden, Donald J.

    Teacher directed inservice or professional development is one means of increasing teacher self improvement. However, unless the teacher motivation stems from an intrinsic desire to teach more effectively, the degree of professional growth will be minimal. For this reason it is imperative that a teacher directed inservice program depend on…

  4. Teacher Leader Model Standards: Implications for Preparation, Policy, and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Jill Harrison; Carver, Cynthia L.; Mangin, Melinda M.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher leadership is increasingly recognized as a resource for instructional improvement. Consequently, teacher leader initiatives have expanded rapidly despite limited knowledge about how to prepare and support teacher leaders. In this context, the "Teacher Leader Model Standards" represent an important development in the field. In…

  5. The Elusiveness of Teacher Quality: A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Certification and Student Achievement in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiseman, Alexander W.; Al-bakr, Fawziah

    2013-01-01

    In national education systems worldwide, teacher quality has become synonymous with education reform efforts, but a more elusive goal is empirically measuring teacher quality. One proposed measure of teacher quality, teacher licensing, also known as certification, is an increasingly ubiquitous component of national education systems and…

  6. Language Teacher Education in Finland and the Cultural Dimension of Foreign Language Teaching--A Student Teacher Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larzen-Ostermark, Eva

    2009-01-01

    The increasing importance attributed to the cultural dimension of foreign language (FL) education has entailed new demands for teachers and teacher educators. This paper explores the cultural agenda in Finnish language teacher education from a student teacher perspective. The focus is on the students' perceptions regarding how effectively cultural…

  7. LHC Report: Take Five

    CERN Multimedia

    Mike Lamont for the LHC Team

    2011-01-01

    The LHC is continuing to perform well and an integrated luminosity of over 5fb-1 has now been delivered to ATLAS and CMS. While keeping a close eye on beam induced heating and vacuum quality, the bunch current has been gently raised to over 1.4x1011 protons per bunch. This has given a peak luminosity of 3.6x1033 cm-2s-1. Some long fills have helped production and recent high points include 120pb-1 delivered in one fill and 580pb-1 delivered in one week.   Time has also been devoted to some special physics runs for TOTEM and ALFA. In these runs, the beam is de-squeezed to a ß* of 90 m in ATLAS and CMS. This is instead of the usual 1m ß*, and gives a larger beam size at interaction points. The increased beam size results in a reduced beam divergence at the interaction points. This permits TOTEM and ALFA to probe low-angle scattering and allows them to measure the total cross section of proton-proton interactions and the absolute luminosity cal...

  8. Teachers' Understanding of Learning Goals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krog Skott, Charlotte; Slot, Marie Falkesgaard; Carlsen, Dorthe;

    The national curriculum for Danish primary and lower secondary schools has recently changed in a goal-oriented direction. The intention is to increase the teachers´ and students´attention to learning outcome, by making learning goals visible. Danish surveys show that teachers did not use the...... previous curriculum in the intended way in relation to goals (Danmarks Evaluerings Institut, 2012). The surveys also indicate that teachers in general do not articulate learning goals (Skovgaard et al, 2014). Our research investigates how the requirements for goal-orientation influence teachers' practice...... will be presented. We expect to deepen our understanding of the relations between the various parameters in the teachers' practice in relation to learning goals and goal-oriented teaching. There is conducted research on the effects of goal-oriented teaching on students' learning both internationally...

  9. Rethinking and Redesigning Teacher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baltzersen, Johnny

    2003-01-01

    Teacher education and teachers are in most countries round the world under heavy criticism for not delivering what governments, many politicians and policy analysts and many sections of public life feel they should be delivering. And teacher education is at large on the defensive when confronted...... with this increasing criticism. In this presentation I will try to analyse this phenomenon and also try to sketch a preliminary strategy to cope with the criticism and introduce some basic principles that could be included in our search for rethinking and redesigning teacher education in the 21st century. I would like...... to emphasize that I only consider my contribution to day as a humble effort to address highly complex and complicated issues and further emphasize that everyone seriously engaged in education reform, educational change and teacher education have much to do before we can embark on coherent and well...

  10. A COMPARISON OF ORAL EVALUATION RATINGS BY NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKER TEACHERS AND NON-NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKER TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brittany Baitman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to explore the differences and similarities between native English speaker (NES teachers and non-native English speaker (NNES teachers in their oral evaluation ratings of the same university level English language learners. To this effect, the iBT/Next Generation TOEFL Test Independent Speaking Rubric and a questionnaire were employed. The results reveal that NES teachers are more lenient in their oral evaluation ratings than NNES teachers. In regards to the questionnaire employed, it was found that NES teachers take into consideration the aspects of fluency and pronunciation more so than NNES teachers when orally assessing students, while NNES teachers take more into consideration the aspects of grammatical accuracy and vocabulary. Further research is required in the area of oral assessment specifically pertaining to nationality, age, work experience, and knowledge of a second language.

  11. The Delimma and Countermeasures on the Development of Music Teachers in Rural Areas-Taking Some Remote Rural Schools of Sichuan as Examples%农村边远山区音乐教师发展困境与对策--以四川省农村中小学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程析

    2016-01-01

    我国农村边远山区中小学校由于地处偏远、经济基础差、信息闭塞,加上师资力量薄弱等原因严重影响了学生素质的提高。如何支持农村教师发展,提高农村边远山区中小学教学质量,是当前亟待解决的重大问题。为此,本课题组以农村边远山区音乐教学为切入点,以问卷调研与实地考察相结合的方式,研究农村边远山区中小学音乐教育现状、教师专业情况以及教师培训需求,在此基础上提出对策建议,希望能对农村边远山区教师专业发展走出困境具有参考价值。%In China’s rural primary and middle schools in mountainous areas, students’ quality development has been seriously influenced due to the remote location, the poor ec onomic foundation and the information block. Therefore, the current major issue waiting to be solved is how to help teachers go out of the dilemma and how to improve the education quality in remote mountainous rural primary and secondary schools. As a result, a research group was organized to study on the present situation of music education, the teachers’ professional level and their training needs, etc., which focused on the music teaching in the rural remote mountainous areas and takes the form of questionnaire survey and field work. Then, four countermeasures were put forward, hoping to offer references and suggestions for the teachers’ professional development in remote mountainous rural areas.

  12. Using Simulated Parent-Teacher Talks to Assess and Improve Prospective Teachers' Counseling Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerich, Mara; Schmitz, Bernhard

    2016-01-01

    In research on parental involvement and teacher professionalization, counseling parents on the support of their children's learning processes is considered to be an increasingly important competence area of teachers. However, to date little research has been conducted on the development of appropriate approaches to the assessment of teachers'…

  13. TEACHER NEEDED

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    Part-time teacher of primary English needed from 1st December 2002 to teach English National Curriculum (KS2) and NLS to mother tongue or good second language English-speakers aged 7-10. 4 hours contact time per week, team planning, marking and meetings. Candidates should be English mother tongue qualified teachers, confident, flexible classroom practitioners and team players. For further details and how to apply: engnat@hotmail.com or 04 50 40 82 66. Apply as soon as possible, and in any case before November 20th. English National Programme - Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire

  14. Mongolian Teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius

    2002-01-01

    The article comprises the result of a research project conducted among Mongolian teachers in a period of transition. The study is based on quantitative as well as on qualitative data. The study is carried out as part of research activities in an educational development programme.......The article comprises the result of a research project conducted among Mongolian teachers in a period of transition. The study is based on quantitative as well as on qualitative data. The study is carried out as part of research activities in an educational development programme....

  15. Increasing Induction-Level Teachers' Positive-to-Negative Communication Ratio and Use of Behavior-Specific Praise through E-Mailed Performance Feedback and Its Effect on Students' Task Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathel, Jeanna M.; Drasgow, Erik; Brown, William H.; Marshall, Kathleen J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of e-mailed specific performance feedback that included progress monitoring graphs on induction-level teachers' ratios of positive-to-negative communication behaviors and their use of behavior-specific praise in classrooms for students with emotional and behavioral disorders, mild…

  16. Science initial teacher education and superdiversity: educating science teachers for a multi-religious and globalised science classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Carvalho, Roussel

    2016-06-01

    Steven Vertovec (2006, 2007) has recently offered a re-interpretation of population diversity in large urban centres due to a considerable increase in immigration patterns in the UK. This complex scenario called superdiversity has been conceptualised to help illuminate significant interactions of variables such as religion, language, gender, age, nationality, labour market and population distribution on a larger scale. The interrelationships of these themes have fundamental implications in a variety of community environments, but especially within our schools. Today, London schools have over 300 languages being spoken by students, all of whom have diverse backgrounds, bringing with them a wealth of experience and, most critically, their own set of religious beliefs. At the same time, Science is a compulsory subject in England's national curriculum, where it requires teachers to deal with important scientific frameworks about the world; teaching about the origins of the universe, life on Earth, human evolution and other topics, which are often in conflict with students' religious views. In order to cope with this dynamic and thought-provoking environment, science initial teacher education (SITE)—especially those catering large urban centres—must evolve to equip science teachers with a meaningful understanding of how to handle a superdiverse science classroom, taking the discourse of inclusion beyond its formal boundaries. Thus, this original position paper addresses how the role of SITE may be re-conceptualised and re-framed in light of the immense challenges of superdiversity as well as how science teachers, as enactors of the science curriculum, must adapt to cater to these changes. This is also the first in a series of papers emerging from an empirical research project trying to capture science teacher educators' own views on religio-scientific issues and their positions on the place of these issues within science teacher education and the science classroom.

  17. Winner-Take-All Autoencoders

    OpenAIRE

    Makhzani, Alireza; Frey, Brendan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a winner-take-all method for learning hierarchical sparse representations in an unsupervised fashion. We first introduce fully-connected winner-take-all autoencoders which use mini-batch statistics to directly enforce a lifetime sparsity in the activations of the hidden units. We then propose the convolutional winner-take-all autoencoder which combines the benefits of convolutional architectures and autoencoders for learning shift-invariant sparse representations. We...

  18. Thoughts on Improving the Ethics of Young Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges---Taking Hangzhou Vocational and Technical College as an Example%提高高职院校青年教师师德师风的若干思考--以杭州职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严峻; 赵洪山; 邹大东

    2016-01-01

    Currently there are a lot of new situations and new problems of young teachers ethics construction,lack of in-depth research and effective means for the construction of young teachers ethics,in this kind of situation,face the ethical status of young teachers,the construction of ethics of the young teachers problem,efforts to improve the moral level of the broad masses of young higher vocational teacher,highlights the importance of Vocational College Teachers'professional ethics.This article from the current higher vocational college teachers'ethics status analysis,put forward to further improve their ideological and political quality,ask the teacher to teach with dignity,students learn has value to strengthen the ethics construction several sug-gestions.%当前高职院校青年教师师德师风不佳主要表现在教学能力和社会实践经验相对不足;职业荣誉感和责任感有待加强;缺乏自我职业规划的意识与能力几个方面。因此,需要加强高职院校青年教师的职业责任感、荣誉感和使命感;以生为本,将师德师风建设制度化;建立青年教师师德建设长效机制等工作。

  19. Effects of Payoff and Task Context on Academic Risk Taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, Margaret M.; Chou, Fen-Chang

    1991-01-01

    Fourth grade Taiwan students (94 males and 97 females) completed 2 cognitive risk-taking tasks with variable payoff or fixed payoff in a game or test context. Both variable payoff and game context increased the level of academic risk taking. Results are discussed concerning interactions between ability and risk taking. (SLD)

  20. The Importance of Taking Risks: A Report on the Conference

    OpenAIRE

    Kotliar I.A.,; Sokolova M.V.,; Sheina E.G.

    2016-01-01

    The paper gives an overview of the 14th interdisciplinary conference The Importance of Taking Risks held by the Welsh branch of the International Play Association. The meeting focused on various aspects of supporting children’s play and on the role of risk in child development. The conference had a clear multidis- ciplinary character and brought together specialists from a variety of fields: psychologists, teachers, social workers, experts in risk assessment, and health care professionals. Th...

  1. language teachers

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The Le Rosey Institute at Rolle (autumn and spring) and Gstaad (winter) is looking for part-time language teachers of 
Bulgarian, Farsi, Hindi, Korean and Romanian for the start of the autumn term in September 2007. For further details, please contact : www.rosey.ch Please send applications with CVs to job@rosey.ch

  2. Adult teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lea Lund

    2011-01-01

    as a 'reflective practitioner’, who develops 'the language of practice’, through experience and learns when she is exposed to 'disjuncture’. Research done on continuing professional development and the inquiries done in the field of teacher thinking and within this the research on novices becoming expert...

  3. Views of parents, teachers and children on health promotion in kindergarten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sansolios, Sanne; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to capture the views of children, parents and teachers on the topic of physical activity in kindergarten through observation and focus group interviews. The study was conducted in the kindergartens from the sampling group in the Danish part of PERISCOPE. 1 st methodology...... : Children interviewed inside by the researcher on preferable movements and settings and then observed outside during their playtime. 2 nd methodology : Children asked to draw themselves playing their most preferred physical activity. Parents and kindergarten teachers interviewed in two different groups......, using an identical guide. Children are skilled in taking advantage of the space and facilities available for physical activity; girls need more support than boys to initiate physical activity; children are happy with the facilities and the toys available in the kindergarten. Teachers feel an increasing...

  4. TEACHER TALK AND LEARNER OPPORTUNITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LanWeidong

    2004-01-01

    Adopting the position that maximizing learner involvement is conducive to second language acquisition, this paper aims to explore the relationship between teacher talk and learner opportunities in language classrooms in senior schools through classroom observation techniques. Four excellent high school teachers from Zhejiang province in China are involved in this research. The results reveal that such features as minimal teacher talking time, referential questions, extended wait time,discoursal feedback can increase potential of learning opportunities through classroom interaction in language classrooms in high schools.

  5. Informatics perspectives on decision taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Bergstra

    2011-01-01

    A decision is an act or event of decision taking. Decision making always includes decision taking, the latter not involving significant exchanges with non-deciding agents. A decision outcome is a piece of storable information constituting the result of a decision. Decision outcomes are typed, for in

  6. 影响中小学教师工作满意度的政策性因素研究--以杭州市江干区为例%Study of the Influence of Policy Factors on the Teachers'Job Satisfaction in Primary and Secondary Schools:Taking Hangzhou Jianggan District for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅雅琦

    2013-01-01

    In order to achieve the ambitious plans of developing the country by relying on science and education,our country atta-ches great importance to the profession of teacher,issuing a number of policy documents to guide the teachers'reform,such as Merit Pay Reform,Positional Title Evaluation Reform and so on. These reforms can not only improve the position of teachers,but also perfect the living conditions of teachers. In the meanwhile,as these teachers'policies are implemented in the practice field of teachers,they become significant factors in influencing the teachers'job satisfaction. In order to improve the teachers'job satisfaction,this article will be based on the analysis of the questionnaires and interviews and extract the main policy factors that affect the teachers'job satisfaction, such as the performance wage system,teacher leadership,teacher evaluation system,teacher training and so on. By analyzing the pres-ent situation and existing problems of the policy factors,the article puts forward the corresponding policy suggestions so as to provide reference for relevant departments to revise and improve the teachers'policies,and eventually enhance the teachers'job satisfaction ac-companied by the implement of the improved policy above.%  为了实现科教兴国的宏图大计,国家对教师这一职业高度重视,颁布了多项政策文件以指导教师职业领域的改革,例如绩效工资改革、职称评聘改革等。这在一定程度上不仅提高了教师的地位,改善了教师的生存状况,也使这些政策文件在落实场域对教师的工作满意度产生了越来越重要的影响。为了有效提高教师的工作满意度,本研究将在问卷调查及统计分析的基础上,提取出影响教师工作满意度的主要政策性因素,包括绩效工资制度、教师领导力、评价制度及教师培训。通过分析这些政策性因素的现状及存在的问题,提出相应的政策性建议

  7. Impact of Teacher Preparation upon Teacher Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmon, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    A cohort of students in a teacher preparation program completed questionnaires measuring their feelings of teacher self efficacy at three points in the program. Results suggest that pre-service teachers' feelings of self efficacy do improve as a result of their participation in such programs. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table. Teacher Efficacy…

  8. Male Teacher Shortage: Black Teachers' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martino, Wayne; Rezai-Rashti, Goli M.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper the authors draw on the perspectives of black teachers to provide a more nuanced analysis of male teacher shortage. Interviews with two Caribbean teachers in Toronto, Canada, are employed to illuminate the limits of an explanatory framework that foregrounds the singularity of gender as a basis for advocating male teachers as role…

  9. Research on strategies of applying learning motivation theory to teacher distance training:Taking distance training for Anhui Province primary school teachers of information technology of the Culture Program (2012)%动机理论在教师远程培训中的应用策略研究--以“国培计划(2012)”安徽省小学信息技术教师远程培训为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张培; 刘和海; 张新明

    2014-01-01

    Learning motivation is one of the core elements directly affecting the effect of distance learning and is the inner power of promoting learners to participate in learning activities .We investigated the distance training platform for information technology teachers of primary schools in Anhui Province , the Culture Program (2012), as a counseling teacher of information technology and interviewed some of the teachers .We found problems in students'needs and cooperation , unreasonable contents and forms of courses , and evaluation mode that needs to be improved .Motivation theory was applied to the early , middle and later stages of teachers'distance learning .By combining with the learning features of each stage , we put forward corresponding incentive application strategies , so the model of strategies to apply motivation theory to teachers'distance learning was constructed .We hope that applying these strategies to teacher distance training practice can provide reference and help to improve the effectiveness of teacher distance training .%学习动机是直接影响远程学习效果的核心要素之一,是推动学习者参加学习活动的内部动力。笔者以信息技术辅导教师的身份对“国培计划(2012)”安徽省小学信息技术教师远程培训平台进行了调查,并对部分参训教师进行了访谈,发现存在学生需求和协作问题、课程内容和表现形式不合理、评价方式有待改进和完善等问题。为此,将动机理论分别应用到教师远程学习的前、中、后三个阶段,并结合每个阶段的学习特征提出相应的动机应用策略,从而构建了动机理论在教师远程学习中的应用策略模型,同时将这些策略应用到教师远程培训实践过程中,以期为提升教师远程培训效果提供一定的参考和帮助。

  10. Teaching history-taking: where are we?

    OpenAIRE

    Nardone, D. A.; Reuler, J B; Girard, D. E.

    1980-01-01

    Knowledge in history-taking has increased rapidly over the last twenty years. Currently the principles to be taught include "conduct," "content," and "diagnostic reasoning." However, inattentiveness of medical schools, reluctance of busy faculty to be involved, and increasing enrollments have resulted in difficulties in teaching these skills. Studies have shown a beneficial short-term effect of teaching these materials on interview performance but it is unknown whether this effect is long-las...

  11. Teacher Effects and Teacher-Related Policies

    OpenAIRE

    C. Kirabo Jackson; Jonah E. Rockoff; Staiger, Douglas O.

    2014-01-01

    The emergence of large longitudinal data sets linking students to teachers has led to rapid growth in the study of teacher effects on student outcomes by economists over the past decade. One large literature has documented wide variation in teacher effectiveness that is not well explained by observable student or teacher characteristics. A second literature has investigated how educational outcomes might be improved by leveraging teacher effectiveness through processes of recruitment, assignm...

  12. Reflection on the Teaching-Learning Process in the Initial Training of Teachers. Characterization of the Issues on Which Pre-Service Mathematics Teachers Reflect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamoso, J. M.; Caceres, M. J.; Azcarate, P.

    2012-01-01

    Our aim was to highlight the issues of the reflections of pre-service mathematics teachers in their learning portfolio about the teaching-learning process taking place in a university teacher-training classroom. Category systems were designed which, together with the analysis system used, could provide a method helpful to teacher educators,…

  13. Problems and Solutions: the Training and Supplement of Preschool Teachers in the Province--Taking Fujian Province for example%问题与对策:省域内学前教育师资培养和补充——以福建省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建超

    2012-01-01

    The healthy and rapid development of preschool education is inseparable from high-quality teachers. To solve the problem of the urgent need of preschool teachers, speeding up the training and supplement of preschool teachers is the fundamental guarantee for developing preschool education. In order to build such a high-quality team of teachers, provincial administrations should make an overall plan so as to expand the scale of preschool teacher training, strengthen training and management, and promote the teachers" overall level of teaching.%学前教育的健康快速发展离不开高素质的教师队伍,加快学前教育师资培养和补充,克服短期内师资需求急剧扩大和供给不足的矛盾是当前大力发展学前教育的根本保证。为建设一支高素质的学前教育师资队伍,省级层面要对学前教育师资培养和补充工作进行统筹部署,扩大学前教育师资培养规模,加强培训和管理,提升教师整体教育教学水平。

  14. 高师院校开展职教师资培养的若干思考——以广西壮族自治区为例%Thinking on the Cultivation of Teachers for Professional Education in Normal Universities Take Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region As an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫运佳; 谢明明

    2012-01-01

    The rapid development of secondary professional education in Guangxi raises new requirements for teachers of professional education. Normal universities should base on the features of "profession","academic" and "teacher--training" of teachers of professional educatlion, actively probe new mode of cultivation of teachers for professional education,i, e. normal universities serve as the body and professional schools and enterprisies as the two wings in the aim of improving the quality of cultiva- tion of teachers for professional education.%广西中等职业教育的快速发展对职教师资培养提出了新要求。高师院校应以职教师资的“职业性”“学术性”“师范性”为基点,积极探索以高师院校为主体。职业学校和企业为两翼的职教师资培养新模式。提高职教师资培养质量。

  15. Take Charge. Take the Test. "You Know" PSA (:60)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-03-07

    As part of the Take Charge. Take the Test. campaign, this 60 second PSA encourages African American women to get tested for HIV. Locations for a free HIV test can be found by visiting hivtest.org/takecharge or calling 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636).  Created: 3/7/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 3/7/2012.

  16. Helping New Teachers Liven up Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Amanda; Elliott, Steve

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the authors offer strategies to help beginner physical education teachers increase the tempo of their classes. Most of these ideas are applicable to any physical education setting and grade level. After incorporating some of these strategies into daily lesson plans beginner teachers should see an increase in student energy levels…

  17. Factors That Impact Administrator-Teacher Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Patrick Sean

    2013-01-01

    Retaining teachers continues to be problematic for educational leaders across the country. With these numbers steadily increasing, one must examine the reasons as to why teachers are leaving the profession and how school administrators can address these problems if schools are going to maintain and increase their levels of success. Reasons…

  18. Negotiations at the Crossroads: Increased Professionalization or Reinforced Bureaucracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Michael J.; Hoover, David

    1974-01-01

    Available evidence suggests that increased militancy has had only marginal impact on teacher earnings. Organizational restructuring has been, and will be, the major output of teacher militancy and bargaining. (Author/WM)

  19. Study on Effective Path of Teachers ' Professional Development in Vocational Schools:Taking Wuxi Machinery and Electron Higher Professional and Technical School as an Example%职业学校教师专业发展的有效路径研究 ——以无锡机电高等职业技术学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严志华

    2015-01-01

    The article points out that on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of teachers ' growth demand vocational schools should be improve the relevant systems ,actively adopt school-based overall culture effective means such as training and career planning ,and fully mobilize the internal tension of teachers ' professional development,improve the level and ability of teachers' professional development.%文章指出,职业学校要在全面了解教师成长需求的基础上,健全相关制度,积极采用校本全员培训和职业生涯规划等有效手段,充分调动教师专业发展的内生张力,提升教师专业发展的水平和能力.

  20. Running Twice as Fast? A Review of the Research Literature on Teachers' Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Valerie; Hall, John

    2002-01-01

    A literature review of teacher stress in Scotland found that hours worked by teachers have not changed significantly over the last decade, but the number of unpopular tasks over which teachers have little control has increased, resulting in increased stress. Being forced to implement mandated changes also increases teacher stress. (Contains 46…

  1. Immigrant Teachers in Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Jock Collins; Carol Reid

    2012-01-01

    One of the features of contemporary society is the increasing global mobility of professionals. While the education industry is a key site of the demand for contemporary global professional migration, little attention has been given to the global circulation of education professionals. Over past decades, immigrant teachers have been an important component of skilled and professional immigration into Australia, there is no comprehensive contemporary national study of the experiences of immigra...

  2. Supporting Beginning Science Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luft, Julie A.; Bang, EunJin; Roehrig, Gillian H.

    2007-01-01

    The focus of this article is the more immediate way to help new science teachers, which comes from the experienced and professionally active teacher--you! As science teacher educators who work with and study the development of beginning teachers, the authors found the support offered knowingly and unknowingly by the teacher next door was a…

  3. Teachers as Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feiman-Nemser, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    In "Teachers as Learners", a collection of landmark essays, noted teacher educator and scholar Sharon Feiman-Nemser shines a light on teacher learning. Arguing that serious and sustained teacher learning is a necessary condition for ambitious student learning, she examines closely how teachers acquire, generate, and use knowledge about teaching…

  4. On the Current Situation and Influencing Factors of Organizational Commitment of College Teachers--Taking Universities and Colleges in Gansu as Examples%高校教师组织承诺现状及影响因素研究——以甘肃省普通高等院校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟冬莲; 王成德

    2012-01-01

    The research randomly chooses college teachers from 3 universities and colleges in Gansu as samples, to explore how the leadership style, work -family conflict and emotional intelligence influence the organizational commitment of college teachers. The results are that: benevolent leadership and authoritative leadership respectively has positive and negative influence on teachers' organizational commitment; both work -family conflict and family- work conflict have negative influence on teachers/ organization commitment; emotional intelligence of teachers has positive influence on organizational commitment; regression analysis is that work -family conflict, benevolent leadership, authoritative leadership, and emotional intelligence of teachers are able to predict teachers organizational commitment. The result has great guiding significance to u- niversity administrators and teachers in China.%本研究随机选取甘肃省3所普通高等院校的教师为被试,探讨领导风格、工作家庭冲突以及情绪智力3因素对高校教师组织承诺的影响。研究发现:仁慈领导和权威领导分别对教师组织承诺有正向和负向的影响;工作一家庭冲突和家庭一工作冲突均对教师组织承诺有负向的影响;教师的情绪智力对组织承诺有正向影响;回归分析得出工作一家庭冲突、仁慈领导、权威领导、教师情绪智力4个变量能够较好地预测教师组织承诺。这一结论对我国高校管理者以及教师本身都有较大的指导意义。

  5. 基于SWOT分析的民办高校教师队伍建设研究——以西安F学院为例%Research on the construction of teachers' team in private colleges Based on SWOT analysis-- Taking F college in Xi'an as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史嫄

    2016-01-01

    本文用SWOT分析法,探讨了西安F学院教师队伍建设具有的优势和劣势,以及所面临的机遇和威胁,并分别提出了SO、WO、ST、TW四种民办高校教师队伍建设策略.%This paper analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of the construction of teachers' team in private colleges base on the SWOT method,moreover,the opportunities and threats were discussed too,then give the So,Wo,St,TW these four construction strategies of private colleges teachers .

  6. Should You Take Dietary Supplements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Recognizing Cataracts Health Capsules Predicting Response to Breast Cancer Drugs Volunteers Needed ... You Take Dietary Supplements? A Look at Vitamins, Minerals, Botanicals and More When you reach for that bottle ...

  7. When science takes centre stage

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    The teachers at 'Science on stage' are not emotionally attached to their chalk. Neither are they are weary old men who sport tweed jackets with elbow-patches and enter into conversation with their blackboards. Actually, 'Science on stage' teachers are far from the cliché of the boring physics teacher who can only inspire yawns from his pupils. Some present the basic principles of mechanics using a bicycle, others explain chemistry with examples from everyday life. The most audacious of them go so far as to explain the Doppler effect by means of a play in which Einstein dreams about jumping cows... These are but a few of the activities and plays that will be shown during the EIROforum1 Science on Stage Festival (organised by 7 European scientific organisations including CERN), to be held from 21 to 25 November at CERN, Geneva. This festival is dedicated to the teaching science in order to make it more attractive. After the first edition 'Physics on Stage' which was held in 2000 at CERN, the laboratory agai...

  8. How do beliefs and other factors such as prior experience influence the decision-making of new teachers during their first year teaching experience?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Barbara J.

    2003-06-01

    The qualitative research project explored the perceptions of three new secondary education physics teachers. The content question stated: How do beliefs and other factors such as prior experience influence the decision-making of new teachers during their first year teaching experience? Specific questions includes: (1) What do first year teachers identify as their beliefs about teaching and learning? (2) How do first year teachers arrive at decisions about their instruction, materials, lessons, assessment, and student achievement? (3) How does decision-making occur in the learning environment from their perspective? (4) How do first year teachers solve problems? (5) To what extent do first year teachers actively think about what they do? The participants and their university professor were interviewed. Data was collected, transcribed, and coded using grounded theory techniques to conclude: (1) Belief systems take time to develop using filters. (2) Beliefs and perceptions help to fill gaps between knowledge. Gestalts change beliefs. (3) Modeling is a powerful technique influencing decision-making and beliefs over time. (4) Nurturing and preparation build confidence fostered at the university and public school. (5) New teachers' personalities, dispositions, and self-understandings effect filtering of perceptions, influencing behaviors in the learning environment. (6) Knowledge gained through experience, instruction, and reflection by the teacher enhances student learning. (7) Problem solving is learned and personality-based, helping to determine success. (8) Too many constraints to a novice cause limitations in his/her ability to be an effective teacher. (9) Early acceptance into a new environment helps to increase a sense of belonging leading to performance. (10) Positive attitudes towards students affect relationships with students in the classroom. (11) Backgrounds, personalities, and environments affect beliefs and decision-making. (12) New teachers focus more on

  9. Understanding Preschool Teachers' Perspectives on Empathy: A Qualitative Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, Nancy Farstad; Maude, Susan P.; Brotherson, Mary Jane

    2015-01-01

    Empathy is a trait and skill necessary for teachers working with children and for partnering with families. This qualitative study focused on how teachers expressed empathy in the context of early childhood education. Diversity has increased in the United States and as diversity increases, the need for teachers to be able to empathize with…

  10. Globalization of corporate risk taking

    OpenAIRE

    Valentina Bruno; Hyun Song Shin

    2014-01-01

    We explore how the interconnected nature of global finance affects corporate risk taking. We show that a common global factor known to be associated with fluctuations in cross-border banking is also strongly associated with common co-movements in corporate risk-taking across a diverse universe of international firms. Our study contributes to the international business literature as the first comprehensive investigation of how global financial conditions induce greater synchronization of risk-...

  11. Online resources in mathematics: teachers' genesis of use

    CERN Document Server

    Bueno-Ravel, Laetitia

    2010-01-01

    The long-term objective of our research is to develop the instrumental approach for teachers. A first step, presented in this paper, is to observe stable behaviours of teachers using internet resources in mathematics. We retain the scenarios as indicators of the genesis processes. We propose a scenario taxonomy taken from categories elaborated by computer sciences specialists and complemented to take into account didactical aspects. The descriptions provided by teachers permitted to observe an evolution of their scenarios elaboration's practices.

  12. Reflections of Preservice Information Technology Teachers Regarding Cyberbullying

    OpenAIRE

    Yavuz Akbulut; Cem Çuhadar

    2011-01-01

    The current phenomenological study addressed the reflections of preservice information technology (IT) teachers regarding their cyberbullying or victimization experiences. Fifty five preservice IT teachers at a Turkish teacher training institution were offered a lecture with the purpose of awareness-raising on cyberbullying, which was followed by the assignment of take-home reflection papers. Document analysis on reflection papers led researchers to find out underlying themes regarding partic...

  13. Increase English Practical Writing Ability with the Way of Project Methodology——Take police English practical writing as example%运用项目教学法提高英语应用文写作能力——以公安英语应用文写作为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊俊艳

    2012-01-01

    Teaching on English practical writing has the goal of cultivating students' practical language ability,stresses the practicalness and direction.Project methodology aims at developing students' practical ability on language using and is the effective way in improving English practical writing teaching.Taking Police English practical writing as example,we combine project methodology with English practical writing,put emphasis on mastering the practical writing pattern,improve students' language using ability,increase their interests and confidence on learning and promote their ability in English practical writing.%英语应用文写作教学以培养学生实际运用语言的能力为目标,强调教学的实践性和针对性,而项目教学法旨在培养学生对知识的实际运用能力,是改进英语应用文写作教学的有效途径。我们以公安英语应用文写作为例,将项目教学法与英语应用文写作相结合,加强学生对英语应用文格式的掌握,提高其语言运用能力,增强其学习的兴趣和信心,最终促进其英语应用文写作能力的提高。

  14. Reading and Writing for Preservice Teachers: Making Meaningful Connections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Alba, Gilda

    2015-01-01

    In many states, preservice physical education teachers are required to take reading courses to obtain their teaching certificate. However, many future physical educators are not enthusiastic about this requirement. In fact, many candidly state, "I don't like reading" and "I am not becoming a PE teacher so I can teach reading."…

  15. Teacher-child relationships from an attachment perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Verschueren; H.M.Y. Koomen

    2012-01-01

    This special issue aims to prompt reflection on the mutual contribution of attachment theory, on the one hand, and teacher-child relationship research, on the other, by bringing together conceptual and empirical contributions taking an attachment perspective on teacher-child relationships. In this i

  16. What and how teacher educators prefer to learn

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dengerink, Jurrien; Lunenberg, Mieke; Kools, Quinta

    2015-01-01

    In which areas and domains do individual teacher educators prefer to work on their professional development? What kind of learning activities do they want to take on and with whom? Are there significant differences in these preferences between teacher educators? This article reports on a recent surv

  17. Japanese Lesson Study Sustaining Teacher Learning in the Classroom Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loose, Crystal Corle

    2014-01-01

    The purposes of this action research study were first to explore teacher perceptions of Japanese lesson study as a method of professional development, and second to take teachers through an action research process as they observed the implementation of a literacy lesson in the classroom. Situated Learning Theory, particularly related to teacher…

  18. Learning and Knowledge Development in Preschool Teacher Education and Practicum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Inge; Sandberg, Anette

    2012-01-01

    In Swedish teacher education, all preschool teacher students have to include a school-based element and to take part in a local educational practice, in a preschool or in another form of educational setting, such as a preschool class or after-school recreation centre. In this study, we have asked a group of supervisors about their perception of…

  19. Teacher Quality: What's Wrong with U.S. Strategy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Marc

    2012-01-01

    In this commentary, Tucker asserts that countries that perform well on international comparisons of student achievement all take a different approach to ensuring teacher quality than the United States does. These top-performing countries have established high standards for getting into schools of education; they are moving teacher education…

  20. Strengthening Teacher Evaluation: What District Leaders Can Do

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, Morgaen L.; Donaldson, Gordon A., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    School districts have typically not done a good job of managing the human side of teacher evaluation. In general, neither supervisors nor teachers find performance assessment a constructive, interpersonally respectful experience. District leaders can cultivate high-quality teaching--and attend to the human side of assessment--by taking five…

  1. Co-Producing Children's Sociality in Parent-Teacher Conferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa; Markström, Ann-Marie

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to describe how parents and preschool teachers talk about children's interactional skills in parent-teacher conferences in the Swedish preschool and how this can be related to socialization processes. The analyses show that children's communicative skills, such as turn-taking in conversation and co-operation, are…

  2. We Brought Teachers Up to Snuff, And So Can You.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, William C.

    1984-01-01

    The Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Plan for Instructional Improvement requires principals to take part in several workshops and activities to learn how to analyze what goes on in the classroom. Principals then direct teacher inservice training by conducting staff meetings, small seminars, and classroom observation followed by teacher conferences. (MLF)

  3. Digital Storytelling in Teacher Education: Creating Transformations through Narrative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skouge, James R.; Rao, Kavita

    2009-01-01

    Stories are important resources in the repertoire of the teacher. Storytelling is a powerful way in which to communicate experiences and to explore ideas. Using stories, the teacher takes her students on journeys of discovery that introduce them to new vistas of lived experience. In this article, the authors describe how they have used "digital…

  4. Cinders in Snow? Indigenous Teacher Identities in Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Jo-Anne; Santoro, Ninetta

    2006-01-01

    The identity work engaged in by Indigenous teachers in school settings is highlighted in a study of Australian Indigenous teachers. The construction of identity in home and community relationships intersects with and can counteract the take up of a preferred identity in the workplace. In this paper we analyse data from interviews with Indigenous…

  5. 以“两课”评比为平台有效促进数学教师“五课”教研成长%Take the"Two Courses"Competition as a Platform to Effectively Promote Mathematics Teachers'"Five Lessons"Teaching and Research Growing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽萍

    2014-01-01

    数学教师如何以“两课”评比为契机加强自身“五课”教研的发展,这是一个需要思考和探索的问题。本论文在对职业学校数学教师专业发展现状分析的基础和“两课”比赛的背景下,从教师实践的角度进行反思,提出数学教师需要用批判性思维研究理论、系统地建立起自我教学观,并践行于数学教学的理念。%Math teachers on how to"Two"competition as an opportunity to strengthen their own development and research of"five lessons", which is a reflection and exploration of issues that need. In this paper, based on the development status in the vocational school mathematics teacher professional analysis and the"Two Courses"game in the background, from a prac-tical point of reflection teachers, math teachers need to make use of critical thinking research theory, systematic build self-teaching concept and practice in the philosophy of mathematics teaching.

  6. Using Our Heads and HARTSS*: Developing Perspective-Taking Skills for Socioscientific Reasoning (*Humanities, ARTS, and Social Sciences)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Sami; Zeidler, Dana L.

    2016-01-01

    Functional scientific literacy demands an informed citizenry capable of negotiating controversial socioscientific issues (SSI). Perspective taking is critical to SSI implementation as it enables understanding of the diverse cognitive and emotional perspectives of others. Science teacher educators must therefore facilitate teachers' promotion of…

  7. Development of Teachers as Scientists in Research Experiences for Teachers Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faber, Courtney; Hardin, Emily; Klein-Gardner, Stacy; Benson, Lisa

    2014-11-01

    This study examined the teachers' development as scientists for participants in three National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Teachers. Participants included secondary science and math teachers with varying levels of education and experience who were immersed in research environments related to engineering and science topics. Teachers' functionality as scientists was assessed in terms of independence, focus, relationships with mentors, structure, and ability to create new concepts. Hierarchies developed within these constructs allowed tracking of changes in functionality throughout the 6-week programs. Themes were further identified in teachers' weekly journal entries and exit interviews through inductive coding. Increases in functionality as scientists were observed for all teachers who completed both the program and exit interview ( n = 27). Seven of the 27 teachers reached high science functionality; however, three of the teachers did not reach high functionality in any of the constructs during the program. No differences were observed in demographics or teaching experience between those who did and did not reach high functionality levels. Inductive coding revealed themes such as teachers' interactions with mentors and connections made between research and teaching, which allowed for descriptions of experiences for teachers at high and low levels of functionality. Teachers at high functionality levels adjusted to open-ended environments, transitioned from a guided experience to freedom, felt useful in the laboratory, and were self-motivated. In contrast, teachers at low functionality levels did not have a true research project, primarily focused on teaching aspects of the program, and did not display a transition of responsibilities.

  8. Current Status of Special Education Teachers and Its De-velopment Path: Taking Fuyang Area as an Example%特殊教育教师的现状及发展路径初探——以阜阳市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马曼曼; 程新童; 周陈磊; 卢贵荣

    2016-01-01

    Through questionnaire survey and interview, the re-search on the present situation and development path of the teachers in special schools in Fuyang area is conducted, which mainly includes the student-teacher ratio in special schools, teachers' gender, age, professional level, the reason for choosing special education, the teaching objects and the situation of un-derstanding and reading to relevant information. The result of the investigation shows that there are a number of problems on spe-cial schools:the number of special schools is unique, poorly tar-geted, special school teachers' shortage, unbalanced proportion of male and female, towards younger age, seniority is short, a large proportion of non-special education teachers, single training op-portunity, and so on.%通过问卷调查和访谈相结合的方式对阜阳地区特殊学校的教师队伍现状及发展路径做调查,其中主要包括特殊学校师生比、特殊学校教师的性别、年龄、专业程度、选择特殊教育工作的原因、教学对象以及对特殊教育有关资料的了解和阅读的情况等.调查结果显示特殊学校存在着特殊学校数量唯一、针对性较弱的问题,特殊学校教师存在数量不足、男女比例不平衡、年龄结构偏年轻化、教龄偏短、非特教专业所占教师比例过大、培训机会单一等问题.

  9. Strengthening the Construction of the Comprehensive Quality of Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges---Taking Henan Mechanical and Electrical Engineering College as an Example%加强高职院校教师的综合素质建设--以河南机电高等专科学校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟

    2013-01-01

    当前,切实提高高职院校教师的综合素质,建设一支满足高职教育发展需要的师资队伍,是全面实施素质教育,提高高职教育教学质量的根本保证。本文结合河南机电高等专科学校近年来加强教师综合素质建设的实践,从职业道德教育、培养“双师”素质教师、鼓励教师产学研结合、走多元化人才引进培养道路、更新教育教学研究理念等方面,对高职院校教师综合素质建设进行探索性研究。%At present ,Improve the overall quality of teachers in Higher Vocational colleges ,Build a contingent of teachers to meet the development of higher vocational education ,It is the fundamental guarantee of Comprehensive implementation of quality education ,improve the teaching quality of Higher Vocational education .Combined with the practice of Henan Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Col-lege in recent years to strengthen teachers'comprehensive quality construction ,from the occupation mor-al education ,the training of "Double -quality teachers",encourage university -industry cooperation , diversification introduction and cultivation of talents ,the renewal education idea ,this paper make a re-search on the Vocational College Teachers'comprehensive quality construction .

  10. Chinese Teachers' Professional Identity and Beliefs about the Teacher-Student Relationships in an Intercultural Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li; Du, Xiangyun

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative study of immigrant Chinese teachers' professional identity and beliefs about the teacher-student relationship in an intercultural context. Theoretically, this study takes its departure from a sociocultural perspective on understanding professional identity. The empirical analysis in the study drew mainly upon…

  11. What Type of Teachers Do We Intend to Train? An Analysis of Teacher Profiles in MERCOSUR Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alliaud, Andrea; Feeney, Silvina María

    2015-01-01

    Over the last decades, teachers have often been identified as 'key' players for the improvement of education systems. The successive waves of reform taking place in Latin America since the 1990s have aimed at initial and continuous teacher training. The main changes intended to improve the quality and lengthen the duration of initial teacher…

  12. Using Competency-Based Evaluation to Drive Teacher Excellence: Lessons from Singapore. Building an Opportunity Culture for America's Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, Lucy

    2010-01-01

    The United States' education system needs to take its critical next step: fairly and accurately measuring teacher performance. Successful reforms to teacher pay, career advancement, professional development, retention, and other human capital systems that lead to better student outcomes depend on it. Where can the U.S. find the best-practice…

  13. Student Teachers' Team Teaching: How Do Learners in the Classroom Experience Team-Taught Lessons by Student Teachers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baeten, Marlies; Simons, Mathea

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on student teachers' team teaching. Two team teaching models (sequential and parallel teaching) were applied by 14 student teachers in a quasi-experimental design. When implementing new teaching models, it is important to take into account the perspectives of all actors involved. Although learners are key actors in the teaching…

  14. Teachers Performing Professionalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terri Bourke

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Faced with the perceived need to redefine education for more economic utilitarian purposes, as well as to encourage compliance with government policies, Australia, like many other Anglophone nations, has engaged in numerous policy shifts resulting in performativity practices becoming commonplace in the educational landscape. A series of interviews with teachers from Queensland, Australia, in which they revealed their experiences of professionalism are examined archaeologically to reveal how they enact their roles in response to this performative agenda. Findings suggest that while there is some acceptance among teachers of the performative discourse, there is increasing resistance, which permits the construction of alternative or counter-discourses to the currently internationally pervasive performative climate.

  15. Postglobal Teacher Preparation: Border Thinking along the Global South through International Cross-Cultural Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahatzad, Jubin; Sasser, Hannah L.; Phillion, JoAnn; Karimi, Nastaran; Deng, Yuwen; Akiyama, Reiko; Sharma, Suniti

    2013-01-01

    Preservice teachers' international cross-cultural experiences can provide opportunities for the exploration of epistemic frontiers. In this article we suggest that postglobal teacher preparation take a critically reflective approach that engages preservice teachers in border thinking, which allows for other ways of knowing while studying abroad.…

  16. Co-constructing Efficacy: A "Communities of Practice" Perspective on Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Sola

    2011-01-01

    Teachers' efficacy beliefs are critical to improving student learning, but we have yet to fully understand how these beliefs develop. The prevailing model of teachers' efficacy development emerges from cognitive theories, but sociocultural theories may add insights to modeling the impact of teachers' school contexts. This case study takes a…

  17. Heuristics Diagrams as a Tool to Formatively Assess Teachers' Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamizo, J. A.; Garcia-Franco, A.

    2013-01-01

    Many teacher education programs include different forms of teachers doing research. Be it in the form of action research or general inquiries about their practice, it has been argued that when teachers do research on their own practice, they are able to take a more reflective stance towards their work which is necessary to bring about educational…

  18. Case Study: How Perceived Behaviors of Administrative Support Influence Teacher Retention Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daugherty, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    Educational reform is taking the nation, teachers are nearing retirement age, some teachers are choosing early retirement, and teachers are exiting the profession at a significant rate. Collectively, these trends in education present staffing and training concerns for today's schools. The purpose of this case study was to examine how…

  19. The Relationship between Preservice Science Teachers' Attitude toward Astronomy and Their Understanding of Basic Astronomy Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bektasli, Behzat

    2016-01-01

    Turkish preservice science teachers have been taking a two-credit astronomy class during the last semester of their undergraduate program since 2010. The current study aims to investigate the relationship between preservice science teachers' astronomy misconceptions and their attitudes toward astronomy. Preservice science teachers were given an…

  20. Emergence of Confucianism from Teachers' Definitions of Guidance and Discipline in Hong Kong Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hue, Ming-Tak

    2007-01-01

    Teachers in Hong Kong, as elsewhere, are concerned with students' misbehaviour. In secondary schools two teams of teachers, a guidance team and a discipline team, deal with it. This article examines how teachers make sense of their caring work and strategies for behaviour management. Taking an interactionist perspective, the framework suggested by…

  1. Recalling 40 Years of Teacher Education in the USA: A Personal Essay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullough, Robert V., Jr.

    2014-01-01

    Taking the form of a personal essay, the author describes developments within teacher education in the USA over a 40-year period, since the founding of "JET." Beginning with his work within teacher education as a graduate student and moving across time, he describes major movements in teacher education, discusses several of the most…

  2. From Teachers to Students: What Influences Early Childhood Educators to Pursue College Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deutsch, Francine M.; Riffin, Catherine A.

    2013-01-01

    Underpaid and overworked, preschool teachers face multiple barriers in pursuing higher education. In the present study, we explored how logistical and financial barriers hinder early childhood education teachers and teacher's aides from taking college courses, as well as how academic self-concept and social support influence current…

  3. Fever and Taking Your Child's Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About Zika & Pregnancy Fever and Taking Your Child's Temperature KidsHealth > For Parents > Fever and Taking Your Child's ... a mercury thermometer.) previous continue Tips for Taking Temperatures As any parent knows, taking a squirming child's ...

  4. Acute marijuana effects on human risk taking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Scott D; Cherek, Don R; Tcheremissine, Oleg V; Lieving, Lori M; Pietras, Cythia J

    2005-04-01

    Previous studies have established a relationship between marijuana use and risky behavior in natural settings. A limited number of laboratory investigations of marijuana effects on human risk taking have been conducted. The present study was designed to examine the acute effects of smoked marijuana on human risk taking, and to identify behavioral mechanisms that may be involved in drug-induced changes in the probability of risky behavior. Using a laboratory measure of risk taking designed to address acute drug effects, 10 adults were administered placebo cigarettes and three doses of active marijuana cigarettes (half placebo and half 1.77%; 1.77%; and 3.58% Delta9-THC) in a within-subject repeated-measures experimental design. The risk-taking task presented subjects with a choice between two response options operationally defined as risky and nonrisky. Data analyses examined cardiovascular and subjective effects, response rates, distribution of choices between the risky and nonrisky option, and first-order transition probabilities of trial-by-trial data. The 3.58% THC dose increased selection of the risky response option, and uniquely shifted response probabilities following both winning and losing outcomes following selection of the risky option. Acute marijuana administration thereby produced measurable changes in risky decision making under laboratory conditions. Consistent with previous risk-taking studies, shifts in trial-by-trial response probabilities at the highest dose suggested a change in sensitivity to both reinforced and losing risky outcomes. Altered sensitivity to consequences may be a mechanism in drug-induced changes in risk taking. Possible neurobiological sites of action related to THC are discussed.

  5. Innovation through College Classroom Teacher: an Analysis of Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Tirados, Rosa Maria; Medina-Rojas, Silvia

    2014-05-01

    If we make a balance on the training received by the university professors to exercise its teaching skills we can find in Spain institutions, like Institute of Education Sciences (ICE), that have more than 40 years of existence, have been developing this role with great success and have data from this experience. It is true that only a few universities have created and promoted these institutions mostly from 70 Law and even today continue to develop training, modernized and adapted to the current needs of each university. Even some of them have created new ones, changed the name to Centers of Excellence or Innovation although not their functions, others such as the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), have incorporated these features of quality, innovation to their current actions. Despite this training in some universities, it is a voluntary and individual fact that every teacher, either by joining teaching for the first time or when want to upgrade, renovate or simply as a form of share experiences with other fellow teachers of other grades and may have the same problems. Looking at the same university context, in other countries, we see something similar in regards to common joint rules for access to the teaching profession as in other types of training, and also differences occurs in the recognition that training is done, unlike that resolves research and innovation taking place in the university. From a teacher training institution as the ICE at UPM, with a long experience in this training, we have managed to consolidate the organization and actions. In addition, we have learned to capture teachers attention, trying to find an appreciation for " the value of training " by the need to upgrade and the fact of knowing innovative methods and techniques to help them improve their teaching by, first, that students learn more and better themselves and, second, that teachers, mastering techniques, feel increasingly confident in the classroom and to the

  6. THE ATTITUDES AND VIEWS OF TEACHERS AND PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS RELATED TO THE GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN SCHOOL LEADERSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemalettin İPEK

    2010-08-01

    negative attitudes and views for female promoting to school leadership as much as their male counterparts. However, female primary teachers and female primary pre-service teachers seemed to accept voluntarily the social female roles more than male primary teachers and male primary pre-service teachers.In accordance with the study results some suggestions were developed. First of all, it was proposed that traditional gender roles should be redefined in Turkish Educational System. Secondly, gender discrimination subject might take place in teacher training programs. Moreover, further gender studies were recommended in terms of motivation, stress, work satisfaction, work performance, work commitment and organizational culture.

  7. Informatics Perspectives on Decision Taking

    CERN Document Server

    Bergstra, J A

    2011-01-01

    A decision is an act or event of decision taking. Decision making always includes decision taking, the latter not involving significant exchanges with non-deciding agents. A decision outcome is a piece of storable information constituting the result of a decision. Decision outcomes are typed, for instance: plan, command, assertion, or boolean reply to a question. A decision effect is any consequence of putting a decision outcome into effect. Decision outcomes must be expected by the decider to lead to certain decision effects, by way of their being put into effect. The availability of a model or of a theory of the causal chain leading from a decision outcome to one or more decision effects is assumed for the decision taker, otherwise the decision outcome is merely an utterance. Decision effectiveness measures the decision effects against objectives meant to be served with the decision. Decision taking is positioned amidst many similar notions including: decision making, decision process, decision making proce...

  8. Taking homophobia’s measure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Lou Lou Rasmussen

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available My focus in this article is on the topic of homophobia and its place in the sexuality education classroom in Australia and the United States (US. This paper draws on research in anthropology law and, on studies of gender and sexuality in an attempt to complicate predominantly psychological understandings of homophobia that may underscore the popular use of scales to measure homophobic attitudes in pre-service and in-service teachers. These interdisciplinary approaches to homophobia provide the basis for a critical reading of some contemporary pedagogical approaches to anti-homophobia education in diverse education contexts.

  9. Risk-taking and the media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Peter; Vingilis, Evelyn; Greitemeyer, Tobias; Vogrincic, Claudia

    2011-05-01

    In recent years, media formats with risk-glorifying content, such as video games that simulate illegal street racing ("bang and crash" games), films about extreme sports, and risky stunts have emerged as top sellers of the media industry. A variety of recent studies conducted by several researchers revealed that exposure to risk-glorifying media content (e.g., video games that simulate reckless driving, smoking and drinking in movies, or depictions that glorify extreme sports) increases the likelihood that recipients will show increased levels of risk-taking inclinations and behaviors. The present article (1) reviews the latest research on the detrimental impact of risk-glorifying media on risk-taking inclinations (cognitions, emotions, behaviors), (2) puts these findings in the theoretical context of recent sociocognitive models on media effects, and (3) makes suggestions to science and policymakers on how to deal with these effects in the future. PMID:21155859

  10. 体育教师职业认同的结构与量表编制研究——以中学体育教师为例%Research on the Professional Identity Structure and Scale Formation of Physical Education Teachers——Take the Secondary PE Teachers an on Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周珂; 王崇喜; 周艳丽

    2012-01-01

    Professional identity of teachers is defined as the overall concept of teachers themselves as teachers.It is the motivation of teachers in self-growth.This paper explores the structure of the professional identity of secondary school PE teachers,thereby it has a positive theoretical meaning and reference value in terms of the improvement of the quality of PE teachers and the deepening of education reform.Method:Based on the teachers professional identity theory and semi-structured interview,the researchers issued the preliminary questionnaires.By item analysis and preliminary explorative factor analysis,the final questionnaires were made.And the authors randomly divide the result data of 537 PE teachers of secondary school to make explorative analysis and confirmatory analysis to conclude the structure model of the professional identity of PE teachers of secondary school.Conclusion:Based on the comprehensive results of this study,this author reaches the following conclusions: 1.School PE teachers' professional identity is a multi-dimensional structure composed of five elements: identity of value,identity of emotion,identity of ability,identity of sustainment and identity of dedication.2.The "professional identity scale of middle school PE teacher" this research composed shows good reliability and validity,and it can be an effective measurement for school PE teachers' professional identity.%教师职业认同为教师对自己身为教师整体的概念,是教师自我成长的内动力,决定着教师的教学态度和教学行为。探寻中学体育教师职业认同的结构模型,对于体育教师的专业素质的提高和我国教育改革的深入,有着积极的理论意义与参考价值。方法:在文献分析和半结构式访谈的基础上,编制初始问卷;对107名中学体育教师的预试结果进行项目分析和初步的探索性因素分析,编制中学体育教师职业认同正式问卷;对537名中学体育教师正

  11. Making the transition to middle schooling: A case study of experienced science teachers coping with change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, Donna Dorough

    The increasing popularity of the middle school movement necessitates a need for more interpretive research in middle level education. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore science teachers' perceptions of the transition to a new middle school and the meanings they attached to this new experience. The participants were three eighth grade science teachers, each with 20 plus years of teaching experience. The primary data for analysis was a series of five interviews with each participant. Data collection also included weekly participant observation of team meetings. Findings revealed that the science teachers all had positive feelings attached to the ability to keep track of students' academic progress and behavior problems as a result of teaming. The changes associated with the first year were very stressful for all three, primarily the loss of the traditional junior high departmentalized structure. The two participants who transferred directly from the junior high school were very skeptical of any benefits from an interdisciplinary curriculum, the appropriateness of the middle school philosophy for eighth grade students, and the move to heterogeneously grouped science classes. In contrast, the former junior high teacher who had spent the past ten years teaching sixth grade at the elementary school had positive beliefs about the potential benefits of an interdisciplinary curriculum and heterogeneous grouping. Teacher stress associated with a change in the school setting and the science teachers' constraints to actualizing a meaningful middle schooling experience are illuminated. Teachers' lack of ownership in the reform decision making process, loss of time with their science teacher peers, diminished compliments from high school counterparts, and need for more empirical evidence supporting proposed changes all served as barriers to embracing the reform initiatives. The participants found taking a very slow approach to be their most useful means of

  12. 中小学体育教师工作满意度与职业幸福感、离职意愿的相关研究--以中小学体育教师为例%The Relationships among Primary and Middle School PE Teachers'Job Satisfaction,Career Well-being and Job-quitting Intention:Taking P.E.Teachers in Primary and Middle schools as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙卫红; 武慧多

    2016-01-01

    工作满意度、职业幸福感、离职意愿是教师发展研究领域的热点问题,对中小学体育教师的工作满意度与职业幸福感、离职意愿的研究,将为中小学体育教师职业发展及体育教育改革提供重要理论与现实依据。通过问卷调查,探讨中小学体育教师工作满意度和职业幸福感、离职意愿的关系,研究结果表明:中小学体育教师对工作条件及物质回报满意度较低,总体幸福感处于中等稍偏上的水平,但一半的中小学体育教师有明显的调动工作或改行的意愿。精神收获和工作强度的满意度对幸福感有显著的预测作用,发展机会、精神收获和工作时间对离职意愿有显著的预测作用。由此提示帮助中小学体育教师实现自我价值,以及合理安排工作强度和时间是提升其职业幸福感的重要途径。%Job satisfaction,career well-being and job-quitting intention are the top questions in the re-search area of teacher development.The research on the job satisfaction,career well- being and job-quitting intention of the Primary and Middle School PE teachers can provide factual and theoretical basis for the development of PE teachers and the PE reforms in school.By the questionnaire survey,the paper examines the relationships among primary and middle school PE teachers'job satisfaction,career well-be-ing and job-quitting intention.The results were as follows:primary and middle school PE teachers had much less extent of the satisfaction from work conditions and material reward,their career well- being had the hyper-mean level,half of them have obvious intention of quitting the job.The spirit of the har-vest and working intensity were excellent predictor of career well-being,the opportunity to progress,the spirit of the harvest and working time were excellent predictor of Job - quitting intention.Therefore, helping them to realize self- worth,reasonable arrangement of their

  13. Every teacher is a language teacher: Preparing teacher candidates for English language learners through service-learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanan Fan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Secondary school teachers in the United States are facing urgent challenges in their increasingly heterogeneous classrooms where the presence of English language learners (ELLs is becoming the norm. This study reports preliminary findings of a qualitative, interpretive case study of secondary school teacher candidates learning to teach English language learners through service-learning in Northern California. In a semester-long tutoring project, candidates focused on individual ELLs in their inquiry into language learning, in which they (reconstructed their sociolinguistic knowledge of English and their tutees’ home languages in context. Moreover, the mutually beneficial relationships among members of the language community encouraged candidates’ critical reflections on language learning. The study offers instructional experiences for teachers and teacher educators to develop sociolinguistic and pedagogical tools while supporting, and being supported by, the ELL communities. Keywords: teacher education, service-learning, sociocultural perspective, English language learners, secondary schools, teacher knowledge

  14. Joint contributions of mathematics teacher educators and indigenous Terena teachers to revitalization of the native language

    OpenAIRE

    Domite, M. do Carmo Santos; Dobereiner Pohl, Robert; Carvalho, Valéria de

    2014-01-01

    This study may be understood as a set of ideas, experiences, and proposals about possible directions for indigenous teacher education when the purpose is revitalization of indigenous language in general and the use and valuation of indigenous language in mathematics education in particular. Taking as a point of departure the visions and needs of indigenous Terena teachers relative to native language fluency, we worked with them in one Terena village and produced effective materials for learni...

  15. Taking CERN physics to South Asia

    CERN Multimedia

    Abha Eli Phoboo

    2015-01-01

    CERN physicists travelled to South Asia last month to bring a plethora of particle physics events to schools, universities and public venues. The initiative was the first of its kind in the region, and brought CERN particle physics to a new audience in Nepal and India.   Kathmandu University students take part in an ATLAS virtual visit. On 19 December 2014, students from Kathmandu University and Tribhuvan University, Nepal and 16 schools in Punjab, India took part in a joint virtual visit to ATLAS. The visit, which was the first of its kind in South Asia, followed a two-day Masterclass in particle physics that took place simultaneously in the two countries. The Masterclass was organised as a part of Physics Without Frontiers, an International Centre for Theoretical Physics project in partnership with CERN. Besides the Masterclass, physics workshops led by ATLAS physicists Kate Shaw, Joerg Stelzer and Suyog Shrestha were held for high school students and science teachers in three different d...

  16. Take Presentations into the EFL Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁竞

    2014-01-01

    Presentations are activities in which people show, describe, or explain something to a group of people. They are often used in American school classrooms. On the base of the author’s referring to literature, observing classes and co-teaching prac-tice, presentations are suggested to be applied to EFL classrooms to help students improve their speaking levels and integrate their language skills efficiently. In point of ways of organizing, presentations can be divided into three types: controlled, guided and free ones. While in point of ways of applying, they can be divided into five types:interactive, role-plays, interview, note-taking, and discourse analysis ones. Thus different types of presentations should be adopted according to EFL students ’different levels and different communication purposes. Topics relating to EFL students’study, life and interest are practical for presentations. Im-portant aspects of presentations include: posture and presence, eye contact with the audience, volume and voice projection, rate of speech, use of audiovisual aids, vitality, adherence to the topic, keeping track of time, natural delivery, fluency and accuracy, the quantity of information presented, the way the topic was handled and how the questions are handled in the post-presentation session and so on. Presentation evaluations can be done by the teacher or together with student peers.

  17. Beliefs about Teaching Science: The Relationship between Elementary Teachers' Participation in Professional Development and Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumpe, Andrew; Czerniak, Charlene; Haney, Jodi; Beltyukova, Svetlana

    2012-01-01

    Because of increasing calls for school accountability, an increased emphasis placed on the role of the teacher, and theoretical connections between teacher beliefs and classroom action, a critical need exists to examine teacher professional development programs to determine their impact on teacher belief systems, teaching practices, and student…

  18. Students' and teachers' cognitions about good teachers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J. Beishuizen; E. Hof; C.M. van Putten; S. Bouwmeester; J.J. Asscher

    2001-01-01

    Examined what students think about good teachers. 198 students of 4 age groups (7, 10, 13, and 16 yrs old) and teachers from primary and secondary schools were asked to write an essay on the good teacher. The correspondence between conceptual items in the essays was investigated. The analysis reveal

  19. Using Diagnostic Assessment to Help Teachers Understand the Chemistry of the Lead-Acid Battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Derek

    2011-01-01

    Nineteen pre-service and in-service teachers taking a chemistry teaching methods course at a university in Hong Kong were asked to take a diagnostic assessment. It consisted of seven multiple-choice questions about the chemistry of the lead-acid battery. Analysis of the teachers' responses to the questions indicated that they had difficulty in…

  20. Why Take a Prenatal Supplement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Videos Recipes & Menus Seasonal Winter Spring Summer Fall Food Waste Food Safety Newsroom Dietary Guidelines Communicator’s Guide Why take ... Printable Materials MyPlate Videos Recipes & Menus Seasonal Resources Food ... USDA.gov Site Map Policies & Links Our Performance Report Fraud on USDA Contracts ...

  1. Four Takes on Tough Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebell, Michael A.; Odden, Allan; Rolle, Anthony; Guthrie, James W.

    2012-01-01

    Educational Leadership talks with four experts in the fields of education policy and finance about how schools can weather the current financial crisis. Michael A. Rebell focuses on the recession and students' rights; Allan Odden suggests five steps schools can take to improve in tough times; Anthony Rolle describes the tension between equity and…

  2. Influenza Round Table: Take Three

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-11-03

    In this podcast, Dr. Joe Bresee describes how to keep from getting the flu and spreading it to others by taking these three steps.  Created: 11/3/2009 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 11/3/2009.

  3. Taking the Lead in Recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China and its neighbors come together to build a global economic powerhouse In this postfinancial crisis age,China has reason to take pride in Asia’s economic achievements. A huge developing nation with an emerging economy,it is the engine driving Asia’s astonishing growth.

  4. Computer assisted medical history taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. Quaak; A.P.M. Hasman (Arie)

    1988-01-01

    textabstractIn this thesis a study is described which was performed to explore the possibilities of computer-assisted history taking to support patient care. A system was developed by which the patient himself enters his medical data into a computer. The system enables an unexperienced user, i.e. a

  5. Taking Care After A Concussion

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-03-17

    This podcast describes how to take care of yourself after a concussion, including proper recognition and response recommendations.  Created: 3/17/2010 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 3/17/2010.

  6. 我国教师领导力现状及其影响因素的调查研究——以广东省为例%An Investigation into the Current State of Teacher Leadership in China and Its Affecting Elements ——Taking Guangdong Province as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡继飞; 古立新

    2012-01-01

    利用自编的专家效度问卷,就教师领导力的现状及其影响因素对广东省内756名中小学骨干教师进行了问卷调查。结果显示:教师在参与学校事务决策过程中不具有相应影响力,学校的垂直管理体制和教师参与学校事务的渠道单一,导致教师较少有参与学校事务决策的机会;优秀教师在同事中具有较高的威信和明显的影响力,良好的人际关系、教学能力、品德与人格魅力是教师在同事中建立个人威信的重要条件;教师普遍对自己的教育教学工作驾驭力感到自信,“学校欠缺激励性的制度文化”和“教学的反思与研究能力不足”是制约教师教育教学能力发挥的重要因素;环境因素是影响教师领导力的主因,样本教师将教师领导力的现状首先归因于外部的和环境的因素,其次才归因于内部的和自身的因素。%An expert-validity questionnaire survey with 756 key teachers from primary and secondary schools in Guangdong as subjects, has been conducted in the respects of the current state of teacher leadership and its affecting elements. The results display that teachers do not exert their corresponding influence in their participation of school policy decision making, the vertical management system and the single channel for teachers' participation minimize the chances of teachers' share in school decision making; that excellent teachers enjoy high prestige and are more influential, good interpersonal relationship, teaching ability, morality and personality are important factors in the establishment of personal prestige among their colleagues; that most of the teachers are confident of their ability to teach and educate, the disincentive system in school culture and incompetence in reflection and research are two vital factors which hinder teachers to give full play of their ability in teaching and educatiom and that environment is the major factor

  7. One University's Experience with Foreign-trained Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belinda Bustos Flores

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Texas like many states is facing a teacher shortage. The author suggests that the teacher shortage should be considered in light of the diverse school population. Across states there is a need for well-prepared teachers to work with linguistically and culturally diverse school populations. Thus, areas such as bilingual education continue to be critical shortage areas. While different attempts are currently underway to increase the number of preservice bilingual educators, another way districts have addressed this issue is to employ foreign-trained teachers as paraprofessionals or as teachers. Recently, Texas passed a regulation that would allow legally residing foreign-trained teachers to become certified Texas teachers upon passing the appropriate teacher competency exams and demonstrating English proficiency. The passing of this "fast-track" regulation appears to demonstrate that the state board is thinking out of the box by tapping into a community's resources and acknowledging that immigrants can offer the community services beyond menial tasks. However, the researcher cautions that such actions may not increase the number of teachers and may not assure teacher quality. To support this notion, the researcher offers an analysis of a university's experience with the integration of legally residing foreign-trained Mexican teachers in their bilingual education teacher preparation program. The researcher posits that increasing the number of qualified teachers does require for entities to think out of the box, such as tapping into a community's natural resources; nevertheless, any plan of action should be critically examined and deliberated.

  8. Research on Performance Appraisal System Based on the Perspective of University Teachers ’ Job Satisfaction---Taking Universities of Hebei Province as an Example%基于满意度视角的高校教师绩效考核制度研究--以河北省高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      目前,我国对于高校教师绩效考核制度的研究多集中在对教师工作满意度、薪酬管理、激励机制等方面,还没有对制度本身的满意度进行研究。本文从高校教师对绩效考核制度本身的满意度视角出发,使用定量评价方法(模糊综合评价法)研究绩效考核制度指标设置所存在的问题,通过问卷调查,并结合实际和相关理论提出完善高校绩效考核制度的对策和建议,以促进我国高校教师绩效考核机制的构建。%At present ,research on performance appraisal system of teachers in colleges and universities in China are more concentrated on the aspects of teachers ’ job satisfaction ,compensation management ,incentive mechanism and so on ,there is no research on satisfaction with the system itself .This article is from the college teachers of the performance appraisal system satisfaction perspective ,using quantitative evaluation methods (fuzzy synthetic evaluation method ) to study the problems with indicators of performance appraisal system settings .Through the questionnaire surveys ,combined with the reality and related theory put forward the coun-termeasures and suggestions of perfecting college performance appraisal system ,and promote better building performance evaluation mechanism of college teachers in China .

  9. 美国职业教育教师培训内容研究——以俄亥俄州为例%A Study on the Content of Teacher Training inVocational Education of America—Taking Ohio State as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐国庆

    2012-01-01

    There are five special parts in the content of the vocational teacher training in America except for the traditional curriculum and instruction theory,which are understanding poverty,labor law,the construction of advisory committee,designing sheet and the application of website resource.All these five parts are not included in our vocational teacher training content,but they are very important aspects of the structure of vocational teacher's knowledge and competence.The inclusion of these contents is based on the idea that teacher training should be complete,and the content should be based on the teaching job.Only when these five parts are included,the teachers receiving training can be qualified.%除传统的课程、教学理论培训外,美国职业教育教师培训内容中有五个富有特色的方面,即理解贫穷、劳动法、建立企业专家委员会、表单设计和信息化资源使用。这五个方面是我国职业教育教师培训中所缺失的,却是职业教育教师知识、能力结构中非常重要的成分。这是一种基于职业教育教师实际工作的完整教师素质培训理念,有了这五个方面,才能培训出真正合格的职业教育教师。

  10. 独立学院迁建背景下的教师应激与管理--以浙江工业大学之江学院为例%Teachers' Stress and Management under the Background of Independent College Relocation:Taking Zhijiang Col-lege of Zhejiang University of Technology for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵舒颖

    2014-01-01

    为贯彻落实教育部26号令,杭州市内不符合用地面积要求的独立学院纷纷去外地择址,建立新校区。学院的迁建会给教师带来不同程度的应激,产生不利影响。面对迁建,学院应积极管理和控制教师应激。本文将就个人管理和组织管理两个方面对教师的应激管理提出相关建议和方案。%To implement the Ministry of Education 26th decree, independent colleges which can not meet the land area require-ment in Hangzhou, build new campuses away from Hangzhou. Relocation of the colleges would lead varying degrees of stress to teachers, and have a negative impact. Facing to relocation, col-leges should manage and control teachers' stress. This paper will put forward some related suggestions and proposals to teachers' stress management on personal and organization management.

  11. A Study on How to Train the Autonomous Learning Ability for Ethnic Minority Bilingual Teachers in Xinjiang——Taking Xinjiang Normal University As Case Study%新疆少数民族双语培训教师自主学习能力培养研究——以新疆师范大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈光

    2012-01-01

    Currently, the poor autonomous learning ability of Xinjiang ethnic bilingual teachers has become the bottleneck for the promotion of Chinese language and professional knowledge to Xinjiang ethnic bilingual teachers. This paper attempts to find out the methods that can improve the autonomous learning of Xinjiang ethnic bilingual teachers so as to give aid to the training program for them.%目前参加双语培训的少数民族双语教师自主学习能力普遍偏低,成为提高少数民族教师汉语水平和专业知识能力的瓶颈。文章就此展开分析,寻求促进少数民族双语教师自主学习能力提高的方法。为少数民族教师双语培训工作的顺利开展提供参考。

  12. Sustained programs in physics teacher education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherr, Rachel

    2014-03-01

    For over a decade, physics teacher education programs have been transformed at a number of institutions around the country through support from the Physics Teacher Education Coalition (PhysTEC), led by the American Physical Society in partnership with the American Association of Physics Teachers. In 2012-2013, PhysTEC supported an independent study on the sustainability of its sites after project funding ends. The study sought to measure the extent to which programs have been sustained and to identify what features should be prioritized for building sustainable physics teacher education programs. Most PhysTEC legacy sites studied have sustained their production of physics teachers. A few sites studied have thriving physics teacher education programs, that is, programs that have continued to substantially increase their production of teachers since the PhysTEC award. All of the studied sites that sustained their production of physics teachers have a champion of physics teacher education and corresponding institutional motivation and commitment. The necessity of the champion was known from the Report of the Task Force on Teacher Education in Physics (T-TEP report) and borne out by this study. The necessity of institutional motivation and commitment is a finding of this study. At some sites, PhysTEC support has precipitated an institutional focus on physics teacher education, leveraging other resources (including both awards and personnel) benefiting physics teacher education. The study also documented the sustainability of components of physics teacher education programs, such as recruitment, early teaching experiences, and a teacher in residence. Sustained components tend to be those that have direct benefit to undergraduates in the physics department, whereas less-sustained components seem to be those that primarily benefit secondary teachers. The number of sustained components does not appear to correspond to teacher production; that is, sites that have sustained

  13. Thinking Styles of Teachers, Principals, and Inspectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastug, Özlem Yesim Özbek; Çelik, Bünyamin

    2014-01-01

    Much of current studies focus on the investigation of the thinking styles of students and teachers. However, exploring school administrators' and inpectors' thinking styles is also critical for increasing students' achievement at school. For that purpose, this study was performed to determine the thinking styles of teachers,…

  14. Reducing the Special Education Teacher Shortage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Bill; Peltier, Gary; Medina, Ricky

    2007-01-01

    New demands and high attrition levels of special education teachers have created a crisis for education and extensive additional stress for special education directors and principals. The critical shortage of highly qualified special education teachers has significantly increased the pressure to hire and retain them. This article discusses factors…

  15. Democracy and Teacher Education: Setting Priorities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Jesse H.

    2009-01-01

    As John Dewey noted in his last book, each generation, in its turn, must assume responsibility as caretaker of democracy. He noted that one should never take democracy for granted. Everyone lives in an imperfect democracy, and teacher educators should play their part in protecting, nurturing, and advancing democratic ideals, rituals, values, and…

  16. Introducing Educational Technologies to Teachers: Experience Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thota, Neena; Negreiros, Joao G. M.

    2015-01-01

    The dramatic rise in use of digital media has changed the way learning is taking place and has led to new ways to teach with digital technologies. In this article, we describe the experiences of teaching a course that introduces educational technologies to teachers in Macau. The course design is based on connectivism, a learning theory for the…

  17. Reconsidering an Economy of Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takayanagi, Mitsutoshi

    2014-01-01

    This article has an overall aim as follows: to develop an alternative understanding to a narrow view of education, and in particular teacher training--preparatory and continuing--in terms of economy, as well as the competencies needed for the teaching profession. It takes the view that such an alternative is or could be found in the ideas put…

  18. The Responsibility Education of Teacher Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toremen, Fatih

    2011-01-01

    In this study, it was aimed to take the views and suggestions of academicians working at the faculty of education on what can be done about teacher candidates' responsibility education. This study was designed on the basis of qualitative research approach and purposive sampling method was used. Data were collected by unstructured interview method…

  19. New Audiences for Teacher Education. Fastback 178.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demetrulias, Diana A. Mayer; Deutsch, Alleen

    Educational needs are changing as social and economic characteristics of society evolve. Since teacher education institutions have historically had the responsibility for preparing educators for elementary and secondary schools, they must now take the responsibility for preparing educators for business, industry, government, human services, and…

  20. Cooperative Learning in Mediterranean European Cultural Settings:Taking Classroom Teaching in UMA as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Guang-hai

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides an exploration of cooperative learning (CL) in a Mediterranean European cultural setting, taking classroom teaching in the University of Málaga (UMA) as an example. An important part of the paper is on the definitions of CL, second language acquisition (SLA) and relative literature by scholars or educators home and abroad, such as historical and contemporary views of CL, its development and application in a variety of classrooms, esp. in multi-lingual settings, in UMA. It also puts much emphasis on sociocultural aspects of CL. Besides, this paper compares the application of CL with that in SWUST, one public university in Southwest China. In views of current problems and awkward situations in the application of CL, the pa-per argues that the qualified teachers and quality monitoring systems are the two major decisive factors that affect the achievement of CL in Spanish institutions. This paper also analyzes the main characteristics of the classroom teaching in Mediterranean Europe-an Cultural Settings. Thus, the paper suggests that CL may be one of the most efficient approaches to improving the quality of ed-ucation in UMA. Finally, the paper concludes with recommendations and suggestions that Spanish institutions train more well-qualified teachers to meet the increasing demand of CL approach in multi-contextual or multi-lingual settings.

  1. Worker absence and shirking : evidence from matched teacher-school data.

    OpenAIRE

    Bradley, Steve; Green, Colin; Leeves, Gareth

    2007-01-01

    We utilise a unique matched teacher-school data set of absenteeism records to quantify the impact of group interaction on the absence behavior of primary and secondary teachers. To address problems of identification our study focuses on teachers who move between schools. The estimates for movers suggest that absenteeism is influenced by prevailing group absence behaviour at the school. Our finding suggests that a worker takes one more day of absenteeism if their average coworker takes 12 more...

  2. Teacher labor markets in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vegas, Emiliana

    2007-01-01

    Emiliana Vegas surveys strategies used by the world's developing countries to fill their classrooms with qualified teachers. With their low quality of education and wide gaps in student outcomes, schools in developing countries strongly resemble hard-to-staff urban U.S. schools. Their experience with reform may thus provide insights for U.S. policymakers. Severe budget constraints and a lack of teacher training capacity have pushed developing nations to try a wide variety of reforms, including using part-time or assistant teachers, experimenting with pay incentives, and using school-based management. The strategy of hiring teachers with less than full credentials has had mixed results. One successful program in India hired young women who lacked teaching certificates to teach basic literacy and numeracy skills to children whose skills were seriously lagging. After two years, student learning increased, with the highest gains among the least able students. As in the United States, says Vegas, teaching quality and student achievement in the developing world are sensitive to teacher compensation. As average teacher salaries in Chile more than doubled over the past decade, higher-quality students entered teacher education programs. And when Brazil increased educational funding and distributed resources more equitably, school enrollment increased and the gap in student test scores narrowed. Experiments with performance-based pay have had mixed results. In Bolivia a bonus for teaching in rural areas failed to produce higher-quality teachers. And in Mexico a system to reward teachers for improved student outcomes failed to change teacher performance. But Vegas explains that the design of teacher incentives is critical. Effective incentive schemes must be tightly coupled with desired behaviors and generous enough to give teachers a reason to make the extra effort. School-based management reforms give decisionmaking authority to the schools. Such reforms in Central America

  3. The Galileo Teacher Training Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doran, Rosa

    The Galileo Teacher Training Program is a global effort to empower teachers all over the world to embark on a new trend in science teaching, using new technologies and real research meth-ods to teach curriculum content. The GTTP goal is to create a worldwide network of "Galileo Ambassadors", promoters of GTTP training session, and a legion of "Galileo Teachers", edu-cators engaged on the use of innovative resources and sharing experiences and supporting its pears worldwide. Through workshops, online training tools and resources, the products and techniques promoted by this program can be adapted to reach locations with few resources of their own, as well as network-connected areas that can take advantage of access to robotic, optical and radio telescopes, webcams, astronomy exercises, cross-disciplinary resources, image processing and digital universes (web and desktop planetariums). Promoters of GTTP are expert astronomy educators connected to Universities or EPO institutions that facilitate the consolidation of an active support to newcomers and act as a 24 hour helpdesk to teachers all over the world. GTTP will also engage in the creation of a repository of astronomy education resources and science research projects, ViRoS (Virtual Repository of resources and Science Projects), in order to simplify the task of educators willing to enrich classroom activities.

  4. Crossing the Immigrants' Bridge : Housing and Social Inclusions of Immigrant Higher Schools Teachers --Taking Zhangzhou, Fujian as an Example%跨越移民之桥:移民高校教师的住房和社会融入——以福建省漳州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何洪静; 邓宁华

    2012-01-01

    To obtain honorable house in the settlement and to be well included into the society are two essential challenges for the immigrants. By the investigation on the immigrant higher schools teachers in Zhangzhou, Fujian shows that the teachers realize social inclusions in housing and marriage rapidly, and housing plays active role in social inclusion. The investigation also shows that the effects of rural - urban immigration on housing and social inclusions are insignificant, and migration distance negative effects are weakened by the immigration time effect though still strong. Such profile of immigrant higher schools teachers forms striking contrast to that of the migrant farmers who have taken more than thirty years in trying to be included into the urban society. The active role of high human capital can be clearly observed in crossing "the immigrants' bridge". But compared with the local teachers, the living condition of the immigrating teachers are poorer. The degree of their social and cultural inclusions and determination are relatively low and they are facing devaluation of their education background.%在迁入地获得体面住房和实现社会融入是移民面临的重大挑战,对福建省漳州市移民高校教师群体的调查表明,移民教师较快速地实现了住房和婚姻融入,住房对融入决心有积极影响;乡城移民效应不显著,外来移民效应虽然较强,但为时间效应所削弱,与进城已30多年却难以融入到城市的中国农民工形成了鲜明对比,并显示出较高人力资本在跨越移民之"桥"上的积极作用。然而与本地教师相比,移民教师处境要差一些,社会文化融入和融入决心相对不足,且面临学历贬值的影响。

  5. CAUSES OF PROPENSITY FOR ELITE ATHLETES IN UNIVERSITIES TO TAKE UP KARATE AND THEIR EXPECTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oğuz ÖZBEK

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to find out the causes of propensity for elite athletes in universities in Turkey to take up karate branch, their expectations and reasons of involvement. A survey method was used in the study. The population for the study was made of elite students in universities engaged in karate. The measurement instrument was administered to 97 students. Data obtained from the survey was tested by Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskall-Wallis test. Elite athletes in karate branch in universities indicated that their families had more influence on their decision to take up this branch. Elite athletes in universities indicated that teachers of physical education and the press media have had almost no influence on their decision. Athletes considered the enjoyment of success as an important reason for engaging in karate, while joining a group of friends easily was considered unimportant. It was found that athletes in the national karate team had higher expectation than those not in the national team for enjoyment of success, obtaining material gains and being famed nationwide. It was further found out that as the length of time of involvement in karate increased, the desire increased for obtaining material gains, becoming famed, becoming a trainer, a referee, being famed nationwide, enjoying success and getting in the national team.

  6. The Discernible Teacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macdonald, John

    The author of this book summarizes his philosophy of teacher education in four chapters. The first chapter, "Some Problems of Teacher Education," discusses the difficulties teacher training institutions have in implementing their new ideas in the schools, and attributes the difficulty to the middle class values and clannishness of teachers, which…

  7. Dimensions of Teacher Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wimberly, Ronald C.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Describes a study of teacher effectiveness in college departments of sociology, anthropology, and social work. Five types of teacher effectiveness were found to be potentially useful for student, faculty, and administrative purposes. They include teacher task responsiveness, respect for students, teacher capability, student development, and…

  8. Should Teachers Be Authentic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bialystok, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    Authenticity is often touted as an important virtue for teachers. But what do we mean when we say that a teacher ought to be "authentic"? Research shows that discussions of teacher authenticity frequently refer to other character traits or simply to teacher effectiveness, but authenticity is a unique concept with a long philosophical…

  9. Multiple Teachers: Multiple Gains?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddon, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the concept of instrumental/vocal learning when studying the same instrument or voice with more than one concurrent teacher. In this context, teachers may be working as a team, or one or both teachers may not know of the other's contribution to a student's learning. Qualitative data from music students and teachers at the…

  10. Unsafe Feelings among Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vettenburg, Nicole

    2002-01-01

    Surveyed and interviewed secondary school teachers and their students to examine the incidence of teachers' feeling unsafe, describing the extent to which those feelings related either to students' antisocial behavior, teachers' profiles, and school profiles. Teachers' feelings of unsafety were rarely affected by the incidence of students'…

  11. When Teachers Need Help.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenner, Marilyn; Rothberg, Robert

    1994-01-01

    To help struggling teachers, principals have recourse to the Institute for Professional Development, a program operated by the University of Central Florida. Functioning as a help-line for at-risk teachers, the program offers teaching tips and conducts informal evaluations of teachers seeking help. Teachers gain skills and confidence, and the…

  12. Teacher Learning by Script

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Jenelle

    2010-01-01

    Scripted instruction (SI) programs, which direct teachers to teach, even to talk, from a standardized written script, are roundly criticized for inhibiting teacher creativity and teacher learning. In fact, such programs utilize scripting for exactly that reason: to reduce teacher interference with (and presumed weakening of) the prescribed…

  13. Increasing student success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Gay; Stewart, John

    2013-03-01

    A more scientifically literate society benefits all STEM disciplines, as well as society as a whole. It is best realized by better serving all undergraduate STEM students. In better-serving all students, a physics department also benefits. The University of Arkansas, Fayetteville physics department has seen a drastic change in number of majors, the number of students active in research and the number of graduates pursuing graduate work, while also increasing the number of majors who decide to teach. Prior to our involvement with the Physics Teacher Education Coalition, graduation rates had increased by more than a factor of 4 in 4 years. After the increased efforts when we became a part of PhysTEC (http://PhysTEC.org) our graduation numbers doubled again. Specific attention to class policy to impact student learning in our introductory courses and strong preparation of the graduate teaching assistants, and quality advising were our primary areas of emphasis. What worked to build these numbers and strengthen these resources at Arkansas will be discussed. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation and through the Physics Teacher Education Coalition.

  14. Worldmindedness: Taking Off the Blinders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sum Cho Po

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A dynamic web of global interconnectedness has expanded the engagement and political efficacy of citizens in the 21st century. The acceleration of knowledge creation, the dynamics of electronic communication and the resulting availability of global perspectives are changing the nature of public discourse and action. As more and more people gain access to information and interact with individuals and communities across the planet, they acquire new worldminded ways of learning, debating, and creating which in turn expand the scope of civic consciousness and responsibilities beyond national borders. In this article we look at ways in which teachers in Hong Kong, Japan and the United States are preparing young people to become worldminded citizens.

  15. Teacher Educators and Indigenous Language Rights Reform in Southern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Paul Edward

    2012-01-01

    Nations throughout the world have increasingly looked at teacher education policy as a vehicle for reform of both the educational system and the society at large, and teacher quality is often positively associated with the quality of the overall educational system. Although such reforms often target pre-service teacher education, little is known…

  16. Locating Elementary Teachers' Professional Communities in a Structured Collaboration Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Szu Yang

    2016-01-01

    As teacher collaboration becomes an increasingly common goal in school organization, teachers' experiences and perspectives in a Structured Collaboration Environment remain under-examined. This qualitative case study explored how teachers participated in collaborative work, the outcomes of collaboration, and supports and obstacles to productive…

  17. Changes in Student Teachers' Intention to Teach during Student Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, T. Grady; Greiman, Bradley C.; Murphy, T. H.; Ricketts, John C.; Harlin, Julie F.; Briers, Gary E.

    2009-01-01

    Over the course of the student teaching experience, a student teacher's intention to teach can increase, decrease, or remain the same. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in student teachers that were representative of each category. Teaching intention of 103 student teachers at four universities in 2005-2006 exhibited little…

  18. Developing ICT Competency for Thai Teachers through Blended Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akarawang, Chaiya; Kidrakran, Pachoen; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study aims to enhance teachers' ICT competency. Three hundred and thirty seven teachers are surveyed through a questionnaire to identify training problems and training needs. Then the blended training model is implemented with teachers. The result showed that it can increase score in cognitive and attitude tests. The post-test…

  19. Wanted and Used: Latina Bilingual Education Teachers at Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amos, Yukari Takimoto

    2016-01-01

    In response to the increasing number of Spanish-speaking students at public schools, Spanish-speaking teachers are in demand. In regards to this high demand, how are Latina/o bilingual education teachers treated at school? Using critical race theory's counter-stories, this study investigated the working conditions of two Latina bilingual teachers.…

  20. Forty Years of Teacher Education in Australia: 1974-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Diane

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, I analyse the history of teacher education in Australia from 1974 to the current policy moment in which questions are increasingly being asked about the quality of teaching and teacher education. Teacher education is, and has been, a highly scrutinised domain in Australia. Since the 1970s, we have seen more than 100 reviews of…

  1. Principals Versus Teachers: Where Will We Bury the Victims?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Jim

    1980-01-01

    Preliminary findings of a survey of Georgia school principals indicate a serious lack of confidence in teachers, prophesizing conflict, disharmony, and strife as teachers seek increasing autonomy. We need to alter this adversarial relationship between teachers and administrators and to redefine their decision-making roles. (Author/SJL)

  2. English-for-Teaching: Rethinking Teacher Proficiency in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Donald; Katz, Anne; Garcia Gomez, Pablo; Burns, Anne

    2015-01-01

    The expansion of English teaching in state education systems places increasing demands on English language teachers and how they are trained. A major thrust of these efforts has focused on improving teachers' English language proficiency. This expectation is manifested in policy and pedagogical directives that teachers "teach English in…

  3. Characteristics of Parent-Teacher E-Mail Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Blair

    2008-01-01

    In the past decade, the use of computer-mediated communication such as e-mail has reportedly increased the level of parental involvement and parent-teacher communication at the elementary and secondary level. However, research has not yet examined the characteristics of parent-teacher e-mail communication. Thirty parent and 30 teacher interviews…

  4. Second Career Teachers and (Mis)Recognitions of Professional Identities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Ann

    2016-01-01

    Since the late 1980s there has been an increase of "second career teachers" (SCTs), professionals that switch careers to become teachers. Little is known about SCTs and their sense of professional identity. Building from Pierre Bourdieu's concepts of power and cultural capital, the professional identities of teachers were examined…

  5. Measuring Teachers' Knowledge of Vocabulary Development and Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duguay, Annie; Kenyon, Dorry; Haynes, Erin; August, Diane; Yanosky, Tiffany

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the development of an instrument to measure teachers' knowledge of vocabulary development and instruction, the Teacher Knowledge of Vocabulary Survey (TKVS). This type of knowledge has become increasingly important as all classroom teachers are expected to help students meet language and literacy standards that include…

  6. Child Sexual Abuse Prevention: Evaluation of a Teacher Training Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleemeier, Carol; And Others

    1988-01-01

    The effectiveness of a six-hour teacher training workshop on child sexual abuse prevention was evaluated. Findings indicated that trained teachers demonstrated significant increases in knowledge about child sexual abuse and pro-intervention opinions. Trained teachers were better able to identify behavioral indicators of abuse and suggest…

  7. To Be Anxious or Not: Student Teachers in the Practicum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eksi, Gonca Yangin; Yakisik, Burçak Yilmaz

    2016-01-01

    High levels of teaching-related anxiety may cause high levels of stress, failure and disappointment in pre-service teachers. The factors that increase anxiety and those that reduce it for student teachers might also be culture-specific. This study was conducted on 52 pre-service language teachers at a state university in Turkey during their…

  8. Take Five for Customer Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura J. Ax-Fultz

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Businesses leverage excellent customer service to improve profitability. Although not profit-driven, libraries should leverage excellent customer service to achieve their unique missions. Evaluating and improving customer service practices will help a library determine if it is successfully serving its customers. The library should review three areas to improve customer service: the physical space of the library, how library employees work with library policies, and the communication skills of the library staff. By using the Take Five model, the library can make immediate, no-cost changes or plan for future improvements by taking just five minutes, every day, to assess specific areas. Over a few weeks or months, these small changes will result in better customer service.

  9. Computer assisted medical history taking

    OpenAIRE

    Quaak, M J; Hasman, Arie

    1988-01-01

    textabstractIn this thesis a study is described which was performed to explore the possibilities of computer-assisted history taking to support patient care. A system was developed by which the patient himself enters his medical data into a computer. The system enables an unexperienced user, i.e. a patient, to answer questions asked to him by an "intelligent" computerized questionnaire. In developing this system, use has been made of a fourthgeneration programming package. The system appeared...

  10. Cyberbullying of Teachers by Students on YouTube: Challenging the Image of Teacher Authority in the Digital Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyriacou, Chris; Zuin, Antônio

    2016-01-01

    There has been a rapid increase in the cyberbullying of teachers in schools by their students. One aspect of this phenomenon is the posting of visual recordings of teachers and teacher-student interaction on easily accessible websites such as YouTube. Whilst research on the cyberbullying of students by other students has received a great deal of…

  11. The Relationship between of Teacher Competence, Emotional Intelligence and Teacher Performance Madrasah Tsanawiyah at District of Serang Banten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahyuddin, Wawan

    2016-01-01

    This study wants to examine the relationship between teacher competence and emotional intelligence that held by teachers to increase the teacher performance Madrasah Tsanawiyah at district of Serang Banten. This research was conducted with the quantitative method, through analysis descriptive and inferential. Samples the research were teachers…

  12. The Teacher-Student Communication Pattern: A Need to Follow?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hashamdar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to investigate the teacher-student communication patterns in an upperintermediate English class. There are major questions in this study; (a what the nature of interaction is in a foreign language classroom, (b what the characteristics of teacher-student turn taking are, (c what type of feedback is taken by the teacher, (d how the teacher's competence and performance are. The participants of the study are female adult students and a female teacher majoring English literature at MA level that has had five years of teaching experience. Five partial
    sessions of the class are recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. According to the findings, the type of discourse is teacher-initiated one and the question type is both WH-questions and questions with auxiliaries. The way of student's reply is brief and limited to one teacher-student turn-taking. The type of interaction is based on the questions posed by the teacher and long interaction such as discussing, debating, and challenging could rarely be seen in the classroom in question. The type of
    feedback depending on the skill and tasks dealt with, ranging from recast to direct correction. The teacher's competence and performance are satisfactory with correct pronunciation and near native accent.

  13. The Teacher-Student Communication Pattern: A Need to Follow?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hashamdar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to investigate the teacher-student communication patterns in an upper-intermediate English class. There are major questions in this study; (a what the nature ofinteraction is in a foreign language classroom, (b what the characteristics of teacher-student turn taking are, (c what type of feedback is taken by the teacher, (d how the teacher's competence and performance are. The participants of the study are female adult students and a female teacher majoring English literature at MA level that has had five years of teaching experience. Five partial sessions of the class are recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. According to the findings, the type of discourse is teacher-initiated one and the question type is both WH-questions and questions with auxiliaries. The way of student's reply is brief and limited to one teacher-student turn-taking. The type of interaction is based on the questions posed by the teacher and long interaction such as discussing, debating, and challenging could rarely be seen in the classroom in question. The type of feedback depending on the skill and tasks dealt with, ranging from recast to direct correction. The teacher's competence and performance are satisfactory with correct pronunciation and near native accent.

  14. Bribe-Taking by Bureaucrats: Personal and Circumstantial Determinants

    OpenAIRE

    Chi, Wei; Wang, Yijiang

    2008-01-01

    We argue that personal (e.g., age, gender and education) and circumstantial (e.g., bureaucratic rank and sector of employment) factors affect the cost and the benefit of bribe-taking by the bureaucrats. The bureaucrat’s bribe-taking decision is modeled. A unique data set is used to test the predictions of the model. The empirical findings include that education reduces, but power (measured by rank and sector of work) increases, the magnitude of bribe-taking. Age affects bribe-taking in a ...

  15. Strategies for Alleviating Teacher Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luckner, John L.

    1990-01-01

    This article provides background information on stress and presents five strategies intended to help teachers of hearing-impaired students manage their stress levels. Strategies include increasing self-awareness, reducing isolation, restoring perspective and balance, redefining problem situations, and developing and implementing an action plan.…

  16. Risk taking among diabetic clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, D H; Schwartz-Barcott, D; Patterson, B

    1992-01-01

    Diabetic clients must make daily decisions about their health care needs. Observational and anecdotal evidence suggests that vast differences exist between the kinds of choices diabetic clients make and the kinds of chances they are willing to take. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a diabetic risk-assessment tool. This instrument, which is based on subjective expected utility theory, measures risk-prone and risk-averse behavior. Initial findings from a pilot study of 18 women clients who are on insulin indicate that patterns of risk behavior exist in the areas of exercise, skin care, and diet. PMID:1729123

  17. 中小学音乐教师校本培训现状的调查分析--以广西玉林市为例%A Status Survey on the School-based Training Primary and Secondary School Music Teachers--Take Yulin Normal University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆小玲

    2014-01-01

    音乐教师校本培训是教师继续教育的重要组成部分,通过调查结果分析发现,目前中小学音乐教师校本培训中,在对校本培训的认识、培训内容的针对性、培训方式的多样化、组织管理的机制完善等方面存在着诸多问题。对此,提出几点建议:更新培训观念;精选培训内容;完善培训方式和优化组织管理等等。%Music teacher school-based training is an important part of teachers' continuing education. Through the analysis of the survey results, it is found that there exist many problems in the understanding of school-based training, training content, the diversification of training methods, the improvement of organization and management mechanism. To this end, we put forward some suggestions: update training concept; select training content;improve the training methods and optimization of organization and management and so on.

  18. 高职院校青年教师科研能力培养探析--以顺德职业技术学院为例%The Cultivation of Scientific Research Ability of the Young Teachers in Higher Vocational and Technical Colleges--Taking Shunde Polytechnic as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗恒; 成伟华

    2014-01-01

    The cultivation of scientific research ability of the young teachers is influenced by various factors in higher vocational and technical colleges due to its school type, level of education, management and other limitations, A new way is explored to cultivate young teacher's scientific research ability at Shunde Polytechnic through policy guidance, introduction of tutorial system, construction of scientific research and innovation team.%高职院校因在办学类型、办学层次、管理模式等方面的局限,使得其在青年教师科研能力培养方面受到多种因素掣肘。顺德职业技术学院通过政策引导,以科研导师制、科研创新团队等措施为抓手,探索了一条高职院校青年教师科研能力培养的新途径。

  19. Arbitrator Decisions in Wisconsin Teacher Wage Disputes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Craig A.; Jarley, Paul

    1991-01-01

    Examination of arbitration decisions in Wisconsin teacher wage disputes, 1977-86, found that wage increases agreed to earlier by comparable school districts had a substantial impact on the arbitrators' decisions. (SK)

  20. Rethinking Recruitment: The Comprehensive and Strategic Recruitment of Secondary Science Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luft, Julie A.; Wong, Sissy S.; Semken, Steve

    2011-01-01

    The shortage of science teachers has spurred a discussion about their retention and recruitment. While discussion about retaining science teachers has increased dramatically in just the last few years, science teacher educators have not attended to the recruitment of science teachers with the same tenacity. This paper is our effort to initiate…