Roman, Marta; Strychalska-Nowak, Judyta; Klimczuk, Tomasz; Kolincio, Kamil K.
Physical properties for the late-lanthanide-based R NiC2 (R =Dy , Ho, Er, and Tm) ternary compounds are reported. All the compounds show antiferromagnetic ground state with the Néel temperature ranging from 3.4 K for HoNiC2 to 8.5 K for ErNiC2. The results of the transport and galvanomagnetic properties confirm a charge density wave state at and above room temperature with transition temperatures TCDW=284 , 335, 366, and 394 K for DyNiC2, HoNiC2, ErNiC2, and TmNiC2, respectively. The Peierls temperature TCDW scales linearly with the unit cell volume. A similar linear dependence has been observed for the temperature of the lock-in transition T1 as well. Beyond the intersection point of the trend lines, the lock-in transition is no longer observed. In this Rapid Communication we demonstrate an extended phase diagram for the R NiC2 family.
Koshikawa, Y.; Onodera, H.; Kosaka, M.; Yamauchi, H.; Ohashi, M.; Yamaguchi, Y.
Magnetometric investigations were performed on single-crystalline HoNiC 2 , ErNiC 2 and TmNiC 2 compounds. Susceptibility of HoNiC 2 shows no anomaly around T N , but a clear cusp appears at T t =2.9 K. Magnetization curves reveal that the anisotropy is relatively weak and that the Ho moments align not along any crystallographic axis. In addition to T N =8.5 K of ErNiC 2 , a new order-order transition at T t =3.6 K has been found. Although the Er moments align along the a-axis between T t and T N , it seems certain that the small moment-components along the b- and c-axes come into existence below T t . TmNiC 2 with T N =5.5 K has a strong uniaxial anisotropy along the a-axis. These results are discussed on the basis of competitions between the magnetic interactions and the crystal field effect which changes anomalously by the replacement of rare earth element. It has been found that the drastic change of crystal field occurs between HoNiC 2 and ErNiC 2 without any corresponding structural change. (orig.)