One-parameter supersymmetric Hamiltonians in momentum space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rosu, H C; Mancas, S C; Chen, P
2015-01-01
Recent results on the one-parameter supersymmetric deformation in momentum space by Curtright and Zachos (2014 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 47 145201) are presented in a more general framework following our own papers. We extend the analysis of Curtright and Zachos by including the supersymmetric partner one-parameter deformation. (paper)
Nonlinear realization of supersymmetric AdS space isometries
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Clark, T. E.; Love, S. T.
2006-01-01
The isometries of AdS 5 space and supersymmetric AdS 5 xS 1 space are nonlinearly realized on four-dimensional Minkowski space. The resultant effective actions in terms of the Nambu-Goldstone modes are constructed. The dilatonic mode governing the motion of the Minkowski space probe brane into the covolume of supersymmetric AdS 5 space is found to be unstable and the bulk of the AdS 5 space is unable to sustain the brane. No such instability appears in the nonsupersymmetric case
Covariant phase space formulations of superparticles and supersymmetric WZW models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Au, G.; Spence, B.
1994-02-01
The Wess-Zumino-Witten (WZW) models are fundamental rational conformal field theories, and have a rich structure which has occasioned much interest. With regard to the further development of the formulation of this approach, as well as to the various applications of supersymmetric WZW models in superstring theories, the authors consider the question of whether one can generalise this covariant phase space formulation to the supersymmetric WZW models and discuss superparticles moving upon group manifolds. These systems share many of the important features of the supersymmetric WZW models. The WZW models are then discussed. It is shown that the full current algebras arise naturally for these models and the topological issues which arose in the bosonic case are found here with the same resolution. 22 refs
Emergent space-time and the supersymmetric index
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Benjamin, Nathan; Kachru, Shamit [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics,Department of Physics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305 (United States); Keller, Christoph A. [Department of Mathematics, ETH Zurich,CH-8092 Zurich (Switzerland); Paquette, Natalie M. [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics,Department of Physics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305 (United States)
2016-05-26
It is of interest to find criteria on a 2d CFT which indicate that it gives rise to emergent gravity in a macroscopic 3d AdS space via holography. Symmetric orbifolds in the large N limit have partition functions which are consistent with an emergent space-time string theory with L{sub string}∼L{sub AdS}. For supersymmetric CFTs, the elliptic genus can serve as a sensitive probe of whether the SCFT admits a large radius gravity description with L{sub string}≪L{sub AdS} after one deforms away from the symmetric orbifold point in moduli space. We discuss several classes of constructions whose elliptic genera strongly hint that gravity with L{sub Planck}≪L{sub string}≪L{sub AdS} can emerge at suitable points in moduli space.
Supersymmetric gauge theory with space-time-dependent couplings
Choi, Jaewang; Fernández-Melgarejo, José J.; Sugimoto, Shigeki
2018-01-01
We study deformations of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with couplings and masses depending on space-time. The conditions to preserve part of the supersymmetry are derived and a lot of solutions of these conditions are found. The main example is the case with ISO(1,1)× SO(3)× SO(3) symmetry, in which couplings, as well as masses and the theta parameter, can depend on two spatial coordinates. In the case in which ISO(1,1) is enhanced to ISO(1,2), it reproduces the supersymmetric Janus configuration found by Gaiotto and Witten [J. High Energy Phys. 06, 097 (2010)]. When SO(3)× SO(3) is enhanced to SO(6), it agrees with the world-volume theory of D3-branes embedded in F-theory (a background with 7-branes in type IIB string theory). We have also found the general solution of the supersymmetry conditions for the cases with ISO(1,1)× SO(2)× SO(4) symmetry. Cases with time-dependent couplings and/or masses are also considered.
On supersymmetric equations in the space (1, 2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Akulov, V.P.; Volkov, D.V.
1980-01-01
At the example of the Riemann superspace, illustrating all details of the geometrical methods, used found is the vacuum solution and obtained are the solutions of the Killing equation. Solutions preserve vacuum metrics in the Einstein superspace of the (1, 2) dimension. The group of movements of this metrics contains a group of supersymmetrics as a subgroup. It is shown that it follows from the invarience presentation of metrics that all solutions of the equations may be obtained from vacuum solution by transformation of coordinates, corresponding to generators. The accurate solvability of equations is determined completely by their geometric properties
The N=4 supersymmetric E8 gauge theory and coset space dimensional reduction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Olive, D.; West, P.
1983-01-01
Reasons are given to suggest that the N=4 supersymmetric E 8 gauge theory be considered as a serious candidate for a physical theory. The symmetries of this theory are broken by a scheme based on coset space dimensional reduction. The resulting theory possesses four conventional generations of low-mass fermions together with their mirror particles. (orig.)
Supersymmetric Dirac particles in Riemann-Cartan space-time
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rumpf, H.
1981-01-01
A natural extension of the supersymmetric model of Di Vecchia and Ravndal yields a nontrivial coupling of classical spinning particles to torsion in a Riemann-Cartan geometry. The equations of motion implied by this model coincide with a consistent classical limit of the Heisenberg equations derived from the minimally coupled Dirac equation. Conversely, the latter equation is shown to arise from canonical quantization of the classical system. The Heisenberg equations are obtained exact in all powers of h/2π and thus complete the partial results of previous WKB calculations. The author also considers such matters of principle as the mathematical realization of anticommuting variables, the physical interpretation of supersymmetry transformations, and the effective variability of rest mass. (Auth.)
Supersymmetric D3/D7 for holographic flavors on curved space
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karch, Andreas; Robinson, Brandon; Uhlemann, Christoph F. [Department of Physics, University of Washington,Seattle, WA 98195-1560 (United States)
2015-11-17
We derive a new class of supersymmetric D3/D7 brane configurations, which allow to holographically describe N=4 SYM coupled to massive N=2 flavor degrees of freedom on spaces of constant curvature. We systematically solve the κ-symmetry condition for D7-brane embeddings into AdS{sub 4}-sliced AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5}, and find supersymmetric embeddings in a simple closed form. Up to a critical mass, these embeddings come in surprisingly diverse families, and we present a first study of their (holographic) phenomenology. We carry out the holographic renormalization, compute the one-point functions and attempt a field-theoretic interpretation of the different families. To complete the catalog of supersymmetric D3/D7 configurations, we construct analogous embeddings for flavored N=4 SYM on S{sup 4} and dS{sub 4}.
Non-supersymmetric Attractors in Symmetric Coset Spaces
Li, Wei
We develop a method of constructing generic black hole attractor solutions, both BPS and non-BPS, single-centered as well as multi-centered, in a large class of 4D N = 2 supergravities coupled to vector-multiplets with cubic prepotentials. The method is applicable to models for which the 3D moduli spaces obtained via c ∗-map are symmetric coset spaces. All attractor solutions in such a 3D moduli space can be constructed algebraically in a unified way. Then the 3D attractor solutions are mapped back into four dimensions to give 4D extremal black holes.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stelle, Kellogg S
2007-01-01
With the development of the electronic archives in high-energy physics, there has been increasing questioning of the role of traditional publishing styles, particularly in the production of conference books. One aspect of traditional publishing that still receives wide appreciation, however, is in the production of well-focussed pedagogical material. The present two-volume edition, 'Supersymmetric Mechanics-Vol 1', edited by S Bellucci and 'Supersymmetric Mechanics-Vol 2', edited by S Bellucci, S Ferrara and A Marrani, is a good example of the kind of well-digested presentation that should still find its way into university libraries. This two-volume set presents the material of a set of pedagogical lectures presented at the INFN National Laboratory in Frascati over a two-year period on the subject of supersymmetric mechanics. The articles include the results of discussions with the attending students after the lectures. Overall, this makes for a useful compilation of material on a subject that underlies much of the current effort in supersymmetric approaches to cosmology and the unification programme. The first volume comprises articles on 'A journey through garden algebras' by S Bellucci, S J Gates Jr and E Orazi on linear supermultiplet realizations in supersymmetric mechanics,'Supersymmetric mechanics in superspace' by S Bellucci and S Krivonos, 'Noncommutative mechanics, Landau levels, twistors and Yang-Mills amplitudes' by V P Nair, 'Elements of (super) Hamiltonian formalism' by A Nersessian and 'Matrix mechanics' by C Sochichiu. The second volume consists entirely of a masterful presentation on 'The attractor mechanism and space time singularities' by S Ferrara. This presents a comprehensive and detailed overview of the structure of supersymmetric black hole solutions in supergravity, critical point structure in the scalar field moduli space and the thermodynamic consequences. This second volume alone makes the set a worthwhile addition to the research
Whyntie, Tom
2011-01-01
The year 2010 saw the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) collect 35.1 pb−1 of 7 TeV proton-proton collision data. This thesis reports on the work carried out by the candidate as part of the calculation of the first constraints placed upon the supersymmetric parameter space using measurements made with this data. In particular, the development and application of the kinematic techniques used to ensure that the search was robust to detector mismeasurements, inherent in any early phase of data-taking, are discussed. The Constrained Minimally Supersymmetric Standard Model (CMSSM) model is introduced to demonstrate how a supersymmetric model may extend the Standard Model of particle physics, and is used as the benchmark signal to examine how supersymmetry may manifest in 7 TeV proton-proton collisions. The role of kinematics in early searches for such signals is then discussed; given the final state topology of interest (particle jets and large missing transverse momentum), it is useful to explore how the event kinemat...
Supersymmetric Displaced Number States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fredy R. Zypman
2015-06-01
Full Text Available We introduce, generate and study a family of supersymmetric displaced number states (SDNS that can be considered generalized coherent states of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator. The family is created from the seminal supersymmetric boson-fermion entangling annihilation operator introduced by Aragone and Zypman and later expanded by Kornbluth and Zypman. Using the momentum representation, the states are obtained analytically in compact form as displaced supersymmetric number states. We study their position-momentum uncertainties, and their bunchiness by classifying them according to their Mandel Q-parameter in phase space. We were also able to find closed form analytical representations in the space and number basis.
Supersymmetric Dark Matter Candidates
Ellis, John
2010-01-01
After reviewing the theoretical, phenomenological and experimental motivations for supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, we recall that supersymmetric relics from the Big Bang are expected in models that conserve R parity. We then discuss possible supersymmetric dark matter candidates, focusing on the lightest neutralino and the gravitino. In the latter case, the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle is expected to be long-lived, and possible candidates include spartners of the tau lepton, top quark and neutrino. We then discuss the roles of the renormalization-group equations and electroweak symmetry breaking in delimiting the supersymmetric parameter space. We discuss in particular the constrained minimal extension of the Standard Model (CMSSM), in which the supersymmetry-breaking parameters are assumed to be universal at the grand unification scale, presenting predictions from a frequentist analysis of its parameter space. We also discuss astrophysical and cosmological constraints on gravitin...
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and paraquantization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morchedi, O.; Mebarki, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique, Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)
2012-06-27
The paraquantum Hamiltonian of a free particle is shown to be supersymmetric. Depending on the space-time dimension, the corresponding N=1 and N=2 supercharges are constructed and the related Hamiltonians are derived.
Dimopoulos, Savas
1994-01-01
The measured value of the weak mixing angle is, at present, the only precise experimental indication for physics beyond the Standard Model. It points in the direction of Unified Theories with Supersymmetric particles at accessible energies. We recall the ideas that led to the construction of these theories in 1981.
How to quantize supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smilga, A.V.
1985-01-01
A recipe for resolving the ordering ambiguities in quantum hamiltonians of supersymmetric theories is suggested. The Weyl ordering procedure applied to classical supercharges expressed as functions on the phase space of a classically supersymmetric system is shown to result in quantum operators which satisfy usual SUSY algebra. The quantum hamiltonian does not always coincide with the Weyl ordered classical hamiltonian function. The difference is due to that the Weyl symbol of the supercharge anticommutator does not coincide with the Poisson bracket of their Weyl symbols (i.e. the classical hamiltonian). The procedure is applied to supersymmetric σ-models (both N=2 and N=1 cases are analyzed) and also to the supersymmetric SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. Only quantum mechanical systems following from field theories when fields are assumed to be independent of space coordinates are considered. For gauge theories thesuggested recipe for quantization leads to the same result as the well-known Dirac recipe
Dynamics of supersymmetric chameleons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brax, Philippe [Institut de Physique Theorique, CEA, IPhT, CNRS, URA 2306, F-91191Gif/Yvette Cedex (France); Davis, Anne-Christine; Sakstein, Jeremy, E-mail: Philippe.Brax@cea.fr, E-mail: A.C.Davis@damtp.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: J.A.Sakstein@damtp.cam.ac.uk [DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)
2013-10-01
We investigate the cosmological dynamics of a class of supersymmetric chameleon models coupled to cold dark matter fermions. The model includes a cosmological constant in the form of a Fayet-Illiopoulos term, which emerges at late times due to the coupling of the chameleon to two charged scalars. Supergravity corrections ensure that the supersymmetric chameleons are efficiently screened in all astrophysical objects of interest, however this does not preclude the enhancement of gravity on linear cosmological scales. We solve the modified equations for the growth of cold dark matter density perturbations in closed form in the matter era. Using this, we go on to derive the modified linear power spectrum which is characterised by two scales, the horizon size at matter-radiation equality and at the redshift when the chameleon reaches the minimum of its effective potential. We analyse the deviations from the ΛCDM predictions in the linear regime. We find that there is generically a region in the model's parameter space where the model's background cosmology coincides with that of the ΛCDM model. Furthermore, we find that characteristic deviations from ΛCDM are present on the matter power spectrum providing a clear signature of supersymmetric chameleons.
Dynamics of supersymmetric chameleons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brax, Philippe; Davis, Anne-Christine; Sakstein, Jeremy
2013-01-01
We investigate the cosmological dynamics of a class of supersymmetric chameleon models coupled to cold dark matter fermions. The model includes a cosmological constant in the form of a Fayet-Illiopoulos term, which emerges at late times due to the coupling of the chameleon to two charged scalars. Supergravity corrections ensure that the supersymmetric chameleons are efficiently screened in all astrophysical objects of interest, however this does not preclude the enhancement of gravity on linear cosmological scales. We solve the modified equations for the growth of cold dark matter density perturbations in closed form in the matter era. Using this, we go on to derive the modified linear power spectrum which is characterised by two scales, the horizon size at matter-radiation equality and at the redshift when the chameleon reaches the minimum of its effective potential. We analyse the deviations from the ΛCDM predictions in the linear regime. We find that there is generically a region in the model's parameter space where the model's background cosmology coincides with that of the ΛCDM model. Furthermore, we find that characteristic deviations from ΛCDM are present on the matter power spectrum providing a clear signature of supersymmetric chameleons
On the supersymmetric solitons and monopoles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hruby, J.
1978-01-01
The basic results in a new trend in supersymmetry and soliton theory are presented. It is shown that the soliton expectation value of the energy operator is mass of the soliton without the quantum corrections. A new supersymmetric monopole model in three dimensions is constructed by generalization of the supersymmetric sine-Gordon model in one space dimension
The supersymmetric Pegg-Barnett oscillator
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shen, Jian Qi
2005-01-01
The su(n) Lie algebraic structure of the Pegg-Barnett oscillator that possesses a finite-dimensional number-state space is demonstrated. The supersymmetric generalization of the Pegg-Barnett oscillator is suggested. it is shown that such a supersymmetric Pegg-Barnett oscillator may have some potential applications, e.g., the mass spectrum of the charged leptons
Quasicomplex N=2, d=1 Supersymmetric Sigma Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Evgeny A. Ivanov
2013-11-01
Full Text Available We derive and discuss a new type of N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical sigma models which appear when the superfield action of the (1,2,1 multiplets is modified by adding an imaginary antisymmetric tensor to the target space metric, thus completing the latter to a non-symmetric Hermitian metric. These models are not equivalent to the standard de Rham sigma models, but are related to them through a certain special similarity transformation of the supercharges. On the other hand, they can be obtained by a Hamiltonian reduction from the complex supersymmetric N=2 sigma models built on the multiplets (2,2,0 and describing the Dolbeault complex on the manifolds with proper isometries. We study in detail the extremal two-dimensional case, when the target space metric is defined solely by the antisymmetric tensor, and show that the corresponding quantum systems reveal a hidden N=4 supersymmetry.
Supersymmetric dimensional regularization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Egoryan, E.Sh.
1982-01-01
A generalized scheme of dimensional regularization which preserves supersymmetry is proposed. The scheme is applicable to all supersymmetric theories. Two models with extended supersymmetry are considered. The Slavnov naive supersymmetric identities are shown to hold at a dimensional regularized level
Hypersonic sliding target tracking in near space
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiang-yu Zhang
2015-12-01
Full Text Available To improve the tracking accuracy of hypersonic sliding target in near space, the influence of target hypersonic movement on radar detection and tracking is analyzed, and an IMM tracking algorithm is proposed based on radial velocity compensating and cancellation processing of high dynamic biases under the earth centered earth fixed (ECEF coordinate. Based on the analysis of effect of target hypersonic movement, a measurement model is constructed to reduce the filter divergence which is caused by the model mismatch. The high dynamic biases due to the target hypersonic movement are approximately compensated through radial velocity estimation to achieve the hypersonic target tracking at low systematic biases in near space. The high dynamic biases are further eliminated by the cancellation processing of different radars, in which the track association problem can be solved when the dynamic biases are low. An IMM algorithm based on constant acceleration (CA, constant turning (CT and Singer models is used to achieve the hypersonic sliding target tracking in near space. Simulation results show that the target tracking in near space can be achieved more effectively by using the proposed algorithm.
Entropy Current Formalism for Supersymmetric Theories
Andrianopoli, L; Grassi, P A; Trigiante, M
2015-01-01
The recent developments in fluid/gravity correspondence give a new impulse to the study of fluid dynamics of supersymmetric theories. In that respect, the entropy current formalism requires some modifications in order to be adapted to supersymmetric theories and supergravities. We formulate a new entropy current in superspace with the properties: 1) it is conserved off-shell for non dissipative fluids, 2) it is invariant under rigid supersymmetry transformations 3) it is covariantly closed in local supersymmetric theories 4) it reduces to its bosonic expression on space-time.
N=4 supersymmetric mechanics in harmonic superspace
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ivanov, E.; Lechtenfeld, O.
2003-01-01
We define N=4, d=1 harmonic superspace HR 1+2vertical bar4 with an SU(2)/U(1) harmonic part, SU(2) being one of two factors of the R-symmetry group SU(2) x SU(2) of N=4, d=1 Poincare supersymmetry. We reformulate, in this new setting, the models of N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics associated with the off-shell multiplets (3, 4, 1) and (4, 4, 0). The latter admit a natural description as constrained superfields living in an analytic subspace of HR 1+2vertical bar4 . We construct the relevant superfield actions consisting of a sigma-model as well as a superpotential parts and demonstrate that the superpotentials can be written off shell in a manifestly N=4 supersymmetric form only in the analytic superspace. The constraints implied by N=4 supersymmetry for the component bosonic target-space metrics, scalar potentials and background one-forms automatically follow from the harmonic superspace description. The analytic superspace is shown to be closed under the most general N=4, d=1 superconformal group D(2,1;α). We give its action on the analytic superfields comprising the (3, 4, 1) and (4, 4, 0) multiplets, reveal a surprising relation between the latter and present the corresponding superconformally invariant actions. The harmonic superspace approach suggests a natural generalization of these multiplets, with a [2(n+1), 4n, 2(n-1)] off-shell content for n > 2. (author)
Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Kleinschmidt, Axel; Riccioni, Fabio
2012-01-01
We classify the half-supersymmetric "domain walls," i.e., branes of codimension one, in toroidally compactified IIA/IIB string theory and show to which gauged supergravity theory each of these domain walls belong. We use as input the requirement of supersymmetric Wess-Zumino terms, the properties of
Precision corrections and supersymmetric unification
Matchev, Konstantin Tzvetanov
1998-07-01
In this thesis we compute a full set of one-loop corrections to the masses and couplings in the minimal supersymmetric standard model and study their implications in various precision analyses: (1) We use the weak-scale gauge and Yukawa threshold corrections, including the non-logarithmic terms, in a complete next- to-leading order analysis of gauge and Yukawa coupling unification, both for the case of the minimal supergravity and gauge-mediated models. We then examine the effects of unification-scale threshold corrections in the minimal and missing-doublet SU(5) models. (2) We show the generic size of the one-loop mass corrections to the supersymmetric spectrum and provide a set of compact approximations which hold over the unified parameter space of the supergravity models. (3) We compute the superpartner spectrum across the entire parameter space of the gauge-mediated models, comparing it to that of the minimal supergravity model. We delineate the regions where the lightest neutralino or tau slepton is the next- to-lightest supersymmetric particle, and compute its lifetime and various branching ratios. (4) We make a classification of the tree-level mass sum rules, derive in the supergravity and gauge-mediated unification models, and study their stability against radiative corrections. (5) We calculate the leading order QCD correction to K-/overline[K] mixing within a general supersymmetric model. Using an effective field theory language, we construct /Delta S = 2 effective Lagrangians for different hierarchies of the gluino and the first two generation squark masses. For each case, we show the size of the corrections and find that they usually modify previous bounds on intergenerational squark mass mixing by more than a factor of two.
Supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric models without catastrophic Goldstone bosons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Braathen, Johannes; Goodsell, Mark D. [LPTHE, UPMC Univ. Paris 6, Sorbonne Universites, Paris (France); LPTHE, CNRS, Paris (France); Staub, Florian [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP), Karlsruhe (Germany); Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)
2017-11-15
The calculation of the Higgs mass in general renormalisable field theories has been plagued by the so-called ''Goldstone Boson Catastrophe'', where light (would-be) Goldstone bosons give infra-red divergent loop integrals. In supersymmetric models, previous approaches included a workaround that ameliorated the problem for most, but not all, parameter space regions; while giving divergent results everywhere for non-supersymmetric models. We present an implementation of a general solution to the problem in the public code SARAH, along with new calculations of some necessary loop integrals and generic expressions. We discuss the validation of our code in the Standard Model, where we find remarkable agreement with the known results. We then show new applications in Split SUSY, the NMSSM, the Two-Higgs-Doublet Model, and the Georgi-Machacek model. In particular, we take some first steps to exploring where the habit of using tree-level mass relations in non-supersymmetric models breaks down, and show that the loop corrections usually become very large well before naive perturbativity bounds are reached. (orig.)
Supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gouba, L., E-mail: lgouba@ictp.it [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Stern, A., E-mail: astern@bama.ua.edu [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Al 35487 (United States)
2012-04-11
We obtain a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra and study its representations. The construction differs from the general approach given in Hatsuda and Siegel ( (arXiv:hep-th/0311002)) and does not utilize super-de Sitter groups. The spectra of the position operators are discrete, implying a lattice description of space, and the lattice is compatible with supersymmetry transformations. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra is constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The extension is minimal and the construction does not involve supersymmetric de Sitter algebras. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An involution is defined for the system and discrete representations are constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The representations imply a spatial lattice and the lattice spacing is half that of the bosonic case. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A differential operator representation is given for fields on super-momentum space.
Rigid 4D N=2 supersymmetric backgrounds and actions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Butter, Daniel; Inverso, Gianluca; Lodato, Ivano [Nikhef Theory Group,Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands)
2015-09-15
We classify all N=2 rigid supersymmetric backgrounds in four dimensions with both Lorentzian and Euclidean signature that preserve eight real supercharges, up to discrete identifications. Among the backgrounds we find specific warpings of S{sup 3}×ℝ and AdS{sub 3}×ℝ, AdS{sub 2}×S{sup 2} and H{sup 2}×S{sup 2} with generic radii, and some more exotic geometries. We provide the generic two-derivative rigid vector and hypermultiplet actions and analyze the conditions imposed on the special Kähler and hyperkähler target spaces.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bagger, J.A.
1984-09-01
We begin to construct the most general supersymmetric Lagrangians in one, two and four dimensions. We find that the matter couplings have a natural interpretation in the language of the nonlinear sigma model
Higher dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Dirac ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanics, particularly in one-dimension, has been a subject of intensive study in the past [1]. Its generalization to higher space dimensions is an important and interesting problem in its own right. Recently, Das, Okubo and Pernice. [2] while discussing generalization of SUSY quantum ...
Non-supersymmetric orientifolds of Gepner models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gato-Rivera, B. [NIKHEF Theory Group, Kruislaan 409, 1098 SJ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 123, Madrid 28006 (Spain); Schellekens, A.N. [NIKHEF Theory Group, Kruislaan 409, 1098 SJ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, CSIC, Serrano 123, Madrid 28006 (Spain); IMAPP, Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen (Netherlands)], E-mail: t58@nikhef.nl
2009-01-12
Starting from a previously collected set of tachyon-free closed strings, we search for N=2 minimal model orientifold spectra which contain the standard model and are free of tachyons and tadpoles at lowest order. For each class of tachyon-free closed strings - bulk supersymmetry, automorphism invariants or Klein bottle projection - we do indeed find non-supersymmetric and tachyon free chiral brane configurations that contain the standard model. However, a tadpole-cancelling hidden sector could only be found in the case of bulk supersymmetry. Although about half of the examples we have found make use of branes that break the bulk space-time supersymmetry, the resulting massless open string spectra are nevertheless supersymmetric in all cases. Dropping the requirement that the standard model be contained in the spectrum, we find chiral tachyon and tadpole-free solutions in all three cases, although in the case of bulk supersymmetry all massless spectra are supersymmetric. In the other two cases we find truly non-supersymmetric spectra, but a large fraction of them are nevertheless partly or fully supersymmetric at the massless level.
N=2 supersymmetric dynamics for pedestrians
Tachikawa, Yuji
2015-01-01
Understanding the dynamics of gauge theories is crucial, given the fact that all known interactions are based on the principle of local gauge symmetry. Beyond the perturbative regime, however, this is a notoriously difficult problem. Requiring invariance under supersymmetry turns out to be a suitable tool for analyzing supersymmetric gauge theories over a larger region of the space of parameters. Supersymmetric quantum field theories in four dimensions with extended N=2 supersymmetry are further constrained and have therefore been a fertile field of research in theoretical physics for quite some time. Moreover, there are far-reaching mathematical ramifications that have led to a successful dialogue with differential and algebraic geometry. These lecture notes aim to introduce students of modern theoretical physics to the fascinating developments in the understanding of N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories in a coherent fashion. Starting with a gentle introduction to electric-magnetic duality, the author guides r...
Supersymmetric defect models and mirror symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hook, Anson; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo
2013-11-01
We study supersymmetric field theories in three space-time dimensions doped by various configurations of electric charges or magnetic fluxes. These are supersymmetric avatars of impurity models. In the presence of additional sources such configurations are shown to preserve half of the supersymmetries. Mirror symmetry relates the two sets of configurations. We discuss the implications for impurity models in 3d NN = 4 QED with a single charged hypermultiplet (and its mirror, the theory of a free hypermultiplet) as well as 3d NN = 2 QED with one flavor and its dual, a supersymmetric Wilson-Fisher fixed point. Mirror symmetry allows us to find backreacted solutions for arbitrary arrays of defects in the IR limit of NN = 4 QED. Our analysis, complemented with appropriate string theory brane constructions, sheds light on various aspects of mirror symmetry, the map between particles and vortices and the emergence of ground state entropy in QED at finite density.
Targeting Absolute Salinity for Earth and Space
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — As part of a grant through a NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) 2011 Innovation Charge Account (ICA), a novel optical sensor was developed and early feasibility...
Supersymmetric reflection matrices
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Moriconi, M.; Schoutens, K.
1997-04-01
We briefly review the general structure of integrable particle theories in 1 + 1 dimensions having N = 1 supersymmetry. Examples are specific perturbed superconformal field theories (of Yang-Lee type) and the N = 1 supersymmetric sine-Gordon theory. We comment on the modifications that are required when the N = 1 supersymmetry algebra contains non-trivial topological charges. (author). 8 refs, 2 figs
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Crombrugghe, M. de; Rittenberg, V.
1982-12-01
We give a general construction for supersymmetric Hamiltonians in quantum mechanics. We find that N-extended supersymmetry imposes very strong constraints, and for N > 4 the Hamiltonian is integrable. We give a variety of examples, for one-particle and for many-particle systems, in different numbers of dimensions. (orig.)
Planarizable Supersymmetric Quantum Toboggans
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Znojil, Miloslav
2011-01-01
Roč. 7, - (2011), 018/1-018/23 ISSN 1815-0659. [Workshop on Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Spectral Design. Benasque, 18.07.2010-30.07. 2010] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP203/11/1433 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : supersymmetry * Schrodinger equation * complexified coordinates Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 1.071, year: 2011
Supersymmetric properties of Birkhoffian mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aringazin, A.K.
1993-01-01
Recently proposed path integral approach to Hamiltonian mechanics arised naturally to a fundamental supersymmetry lying behind dynamical properties of the Hamiltonian systems. 2n-ghost sector is proved to be the only sector providing non-trivial physically relevant BRS and anti-BRS invariant state, which is the Gibbs state. By applying the path integral formalism, the author studies supersymmetric properties of the Birkhoffian generalization of the Hamiltonian mechanics which is characterized by allowing a fundamental 2-form to be dependent on phase space coordinates. It has been shown, in the Birkhoffian mechanics, that among the even-ghost sectors only the 2n-ghost sector yields relevant invariant state. 30 refs
Domain Walls, Black Holes and Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shmakova, Marina
2001-07-25
Supersymmetric solutions, such as BPS domain walls or black holes, in four- and five-dimensional supergravity theories with eight supercharges can be described by effective quantum mechanics with a potential term. We show how properties of the latter theory can help us to learn about the physics of supersymmetric vacua and BPS solutions in these supergravity theories. The general approach is illustrated in a number of specific examples where scalar fields of matter multiplets take values in symmetric coset spaces.
(Non-)decoupled supersymmetric field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pietro, Lorenzo Di; Dine, Michael; Komargodski, Zohar
2014-01-01
We study some consequences of coupling supersymmetric theories to (super)gravity. To linear order, the couplings are determined by the energy-momentum supermultiplet. At higher orders, the couplings are determined by contact terms in correlation functions of the energy-momentum supermultiplet. We focus on the couplings of one particular field in the supergravity multiplet, the auxiliary field M. We discuss its linear and quadratic (seagull) couplings in various supersymmetric theories. In analogy to the local renormalization group formalism (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(89)90729-6; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0550-3213(90)90584-Z; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0550-3213(91)80030-P), we provide a prescription for how to fix the quadratic couplings. They generally arise at two-loops in perturbation theory. We check our prescription by explicitly computing these couplings in several examples such as mass-deformed N=4 and in the Coulomb phase of some theories. These couplings affect the Lagrangians of rigid supersymmetric theories in curved space. In addition, our analysis leads to a transparent derivation of the phenomenon known as Anomaly Mediation. In contrast to previous approaches, we obtain both the gaugino and scalar masses of Anomaly Mediation by relying just on classical, minimal supergravity and a manifestly local and supersymmetric Wilsonian point of view. Our discussion naturally incorporates the connection between Anomaly Mediation and supersymmetric AdS 4 Lagrangians. This note can be read without prior familiarity with Anomaly Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking (AMSB)
Supersymmetric inflation: Recent progress
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ovrut, B.A.; Steinhardt, P.J.
1986-01-01
The new inflationary universe scenario is, in principle, a simple and powerful approach to resolving a large number of fundamental cosmological problems. However, in order for the scenario to be considered a complete theory, one critical question remains to be answered: What is the physics responsible for the phase transition that triggers the exponential expansion (inflation) of the universe? One possibility that the authors and several other groups have been pursuing is that the physics responsible for the phase transition involves (local) supersymmetry. The goal of this paper is to review the present status of ''Supersymmetric Inflation'', particularly emphasizing some very exciting results that they recently obtained
Supersymmetric gauge invariant interaction revisited
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smith, A.W.; Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro; Barcelos Neto, J.
1983-01-01
A supersymmetric Lagrangian invariant under local U(1) gauge transformations is written in terms of a non-chiral superfield which substitute the usual vector supermultiplet together with chiral and anti-chiral superfields. The Euler equations allow us to obtain the off-shell version of the usual Lagrangian for supersymmetric quantum-electrodynamics (SQED). (Author) [pt
Performance Analysis on ISAR Imaging of Space Targets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhou Yejian
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Usually, in traditional Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR systems design and mode selection for space satellite targets, coherent integration gain in azimuth direction hardly can be analyzed, which depends on target’s motion. In this study, we combine the target orbit parameters to determine its motion relative to radar and deduce coherent integration equation in ISAR imaging to realize the selection of imaging intervals based on coherent integration, which can ensure the resolution in azimuth direction. Meanwhile, we analyze the influence of target orbit altitude to echo power and imaging Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR that provides a new indicator for space observation ISAR systems design. The result of simulation experiment illustrates that with target orbit altitude increasing, coherent integration gain in azimuth direction of large-angular observation offsets the decreasing of imaging SNR in a degree, which provides a brand-new perspective for space observation ISAR systems and signal processing design.
Motion prediction of a non-cooperative space target
Zhou, Bang-Zhao; Cai, Guo-Ping; Liu, Yun-Meng; Liu, Pan
2018-01-01
Capturing a non-cooperative space target is a tremendously challenging research topic. Effective acquisition of motion information of the space target is the premise to realize target capture. In this paper, motion prediction of a free-floating non-cooperative target in space is studied and a motion prediction algorithm is proposed. In order to predict the motion of the free-floating non-cooperative target, dynamic parameters of the target must be firstly identified (estimated), such as inertia, angular momentum and kinetic energy and so on; then the predicted motion of the target can be acquired by substituting these identified parameters into the Euler's equations of the target. Accurate prediction needs precise identification. This paper presents an effective method to identify these dynamic parameters of a free-floating non-cooperative target. This method is based on two steps, (1) the rough estimation of the parameters is computed using the motion observation data to the target, and (2) the best estimation of the parameters is found by an optimization method. In the optimization problem, the objective function is based on the difference between the observed and the predicted motion, and the interior-point method (IPM) is chosen as the optimization algorithm, which starts at the rough estimate obtained in the first step and finds a global minimum to the objective function with the guidance of objective function's gradient. So the speed of IPM searching for the global minimum is fast, and an accurate identification can be obtained in time. The numerical results show that the proposed motion prediction algorithm is able to predict the motion of the target.
Supersymmetric GUTs and cosmology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
1982-06-01
By examining the behaviour of supersymmetric GUTs in the very early universe we find two classes of realistic models. In one of them supersymmetry is broken at or near the superheavy GUT scale. The cosmological implications of such models are expected to be similar to those of nonsupersymmetric GUTs. In the second class of models, the superheavy GUT scale is related to the supersymmetry breaking scale a la Witten. Two types of cosmological scenarios appear possible in this case, either with or without an intermediate (new) inflationary phase. They can be experimentally distinguished, since the former predicts an absence and the latter an observable number density of superheavy monopoles. A mechanism for generating baryon asymmetry in such models is pointed out. Further constraint on model building appears if global R invariance is employed to resolve the strong CP problem. (author)
Supersymmetric family unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frampton, P.H.; Kephart, T.W.
1983-01-01
The superheavy symmetry breaking of the gauge group in supersymmetrized unified theories is studied. The requirement that supersymmetry be unbroken strongly constrains the possible gauge group breaking, and we systematize such constraints group theoretically. In model building, one issue is whether to permit an adjoint matter superfield with concomitant color exotic fermions. A second issue is that of naturalness which is complicated by the well-known supersymmetry non-renormalization theorems. Both with and without an adjoint matter superfield, the most promising group appears to be SU(9) where three families can be naturally accommodated, at least for low-energy gauge group SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1). With an extra U(1) factor, as advocated by Fayet, the non-renormalization theorem must be exploited. (orig.)
Supersymmetric extensions of Schrodinger-invariance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Henkel, Malte; Unterberger, Jeremie
2006-01-01
The set of dynamic symmetries of the scalar free Schrodinger equation in d space dimensions gives a realization of the Schrodinger algebra that may be extended into a representation of the conformal algebra in d+2 dimensions, which yields the set of dynamic symmetries of the same equation where the mass is not viewed as a constant, but as an additional coordinate. An analogous construction also holds for the spin-12 Levy-Leblond equation. An N=2 supersymmetric extension of these equations leads, respectively, to a 'super-Schrodinger' model and to the (3 vertical bar 2)-supersymmetric model. Their dynamic supersymmetries form the Lie superalgebras osp(2 vertical bar 2)-bar sh(2 vertical bar 2) and osp(2 vertical bar 4), respectively. The Schrodinger algebra and its supersymmetric counterparts are found to be the largest finite-dimensional Lie subalgebras of a family of infinite-dimensional Lie superalgebras that are systematically constructed in a Poisson algebra setting, including the Schrodinger-Neveu-Schwarz algebra sns (N) with N supercharges. Covariant two-point functions of quasiprimary superfields are calculated for several subalgebras of osp(2 vertical bar 4). If one includes both N=2 supercharges and time-inversions, then the sum of the scaling dimensions is restricted to a finite set of possible values
Properties of supersymmetric particles and processes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barnett, R.M.
1986-01-01
The motivations for experimental searches for supersymmetric particles are discussed. The role of R-parity in these searches is described. The production and decay characteristics of each class of supersymmetric particles are investigated in the context of both e+e- and hadron machines. There is a detailed presentation of a sample calculation of a supersymmetric process. Emphasis is given to the signatures for detection of supersymmetric particles and processes. The current limits for supersymmetric particles are given. 125 refs., 50 figs.
Properties of supersymmetric particles and processes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barnett, R.M.
1986-01-01
The motivations for experimental searches for supersymmetric particles are discussed. The role of R-parity in these searches is described. The production and decay characteristics of each class of supersymmetric particles are investigated in the context of both e+e- and hadron machines. There is a detailed presentation of a sample calculation of a supersymmetric process. Emphasis is given to the signatures for detection of supersymmetric particles and processes. The current limits for supersymmetric particles are given. 125 refs., 50 figs
Anomaly-free gauges in superstring theory and double supersymmetric sigma-model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Demichev, A.P.; Iofa, M.Z.
1991-01-01
Superharmonic gauge which is a nontrivial analog of the harmonic gauge in bosonic string theory is constructed for the fermionic superstrings. In contrast to the conformal gauge, the harmonic gauge in bosonic string and superharmonic gauge in superstring theory are shown to be free from previously discovered BRST anomaly (in critical dimension) in higher orders of string perturbation theory and thus provide the setup for consistent quantization of (super)string theory. Superharmonic gauge appears to be closely connected with the supersymmetric σ-model with the target space being also a supermanifold. 28 refs
Peón, Antonio; Naulaerts, Stefan; Ballester, Pedro J
2017-06-19
Many computational methods to predict the macromolecular targets of small organic molecules have been presented to date. Despite progress, target prediction methods still have important limitations. For example, the most accurate methods implicitly restrict their predictions to a relatively small number of targets, are not systematically validated on drugs (whose targets are harder to predict than those of non-drug molecules) and often lack a reliability score associated with each predicted target. Here we present a systematic validation of ligand-centric target prediction methods on a set of clinical drugs. These methods exploit a knowledge-base covering 887,435 known ligand-target associations between 504,755 molecules and 4,167 targets. Based on this dataset, we provide a new estimate of the polypharmacology of drugs, which on average have 11.5 targets below IC 50 10 µM. The average performance achieved across clinical drugs is remarkable (0.348 precision and 0.423 recall, with large drug-dependent variability), especially given the unusually large coverage of the target space. Furthermore, we show how a sparse ligand-target bioactivity matrix to retrospectively validate target prediction methods could underestimate prospective performance. Lastly, we present and validate a first-in-kind score capable of accurately predicting the reliability of target predictions.
Basic hypergeometry of supersymmetric dualities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gahramanov, Ilmar, E-mail: ilmar.gahramanov@aei.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, D14476 Potsdam (Germany); Institut für Physik und IRIS Adlershof, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Zum Grossen Windkanal 6, D12489 Berlin (Germany); Institute of Radiation Problems ANAS, B.Vahabzade 9, AZ1143 Baku (Azerbaijan); Department of Mathematics, Khazar University, Mehseti St. 41, AZ1096, Baku (Azerbaijan); Rosengren, Hjalmar, E-mail: hjalmar@chalmers.se [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Gothenburg, SE-412 96 Göteborg (Sweden)
2016-12-15
We introduce several new identities combining basic hypergeometric sums and integrals. Such identities appear in the context of superconformal index computations for three-dimensional supersymmetric dual theories. We give both analytic proofs and physical interpretations of the presented identities.
Signals of Supersymmetric Dark Matter
Abbas, Afsar
1999-01-01
The Lightest Supersymmetric Particle predicted in most of the supersymmetric scenarios is an ideal candidate for the dark matter of cosmology. Their detection is of extreme significance today. Recently there have been intriguing signals of a 59 Gev neutralino dark matter at DAMA in Gran Sasso. We look at other possible signatures of dark matter in astrophysical and geological frameworks. The passage of the earth through dense clumps of dark matter would produce large quantities of heat in the...
Manousselis, Pantelis; Zoupanos, George
2004-11-01
A ten-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theory is written in terms of Script N = 1, D = 4 superfields. The theory is dimensionally reduced over six-dimensional coset spaces. We find that the resulting four-dimensional theory is either a softly broken Script N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theory or a non-supersymmetric gauge theory depending on whether the coset spaces used in the reduction are non-symmetric or symmetric. In both cases examples susceptible to yield realistic models are presented.
Low-Outgassing Photogrammetry Targets for Use in Outer Space
Gross, Jason N.; Sampler, Henry; Reed, Benjamin B.
2011-01-01
A short document discusses an investigation of materials for photogrammetry targets for highly sensitive optical scientific instruments to be operated in outer space and in an outer-space-environment- simulating thermal vacuum chamber on Earth. A key consideration in the selection of photogrammetry-target materials for vacuum environments is the need to prevent contamination that could degrade the optical responses of the instruments. Therefore, in addition to the high levels and uniformity of reflectivity required of photogrammetry-target materials suitable for use in air, the materials sought must exhibit minimal outgassing. Commercially available photogrammetry targets were found to outgas excessively under the thermal and vacuum conditions of interest; this finding prompted the investigators to consider optically equivalent or superior, lower-outgassing alternative target materials. The document lists several materials found to satisfy the requirements, but does not state explicitly whether the materials can be used individually or must be combined in the proper sequence into layered target structures. The materials in question are an aluminized polyimide tape, an acrylic pressure- sensitive adhesive, a 500-A-thick layer of vapor-deposited aluminum, and spherical barium titanate glass beads having various diameters from 20 to 63 microns..
Supersymmetric quiver gauge theories on the lattice
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Joseph, Anosh
2013-12-01
In this paper we detail the lattice constructions of several classes of supersymmetric quiver gauge theories in two and three Euclidean spacetime dimensions possessing exact supersymmetry at finite lattice spacing. Such constructions are obtained through the methods of topological twisting and geometric discretization of Euclidean Yang-Mills theories with eight and sixteen supercharges in two and three dimensions. We detail the lattice constructions of two-dimensional quiver gauge theories possessing four and eight supercharges and three-dimensional quiver gauge theories possessing eight supercharges.
Partition functions for supersymmetric black holes
Manschot, Jan
2008-01-01
This dissertation presents recent discoveries on partition functions for four-dimensional supersymmetric black holes. These partition functions are important tools to explain the entropy of black holes from a microscopic point of view within string theory and M-theory. The results are applied to two central research topics in modern theoretical physics, namely (1) the correspondence between the physics (including gravity) within an Anti-de Sitter space and conformal field theory, and (2) the relation between black holes and topological strings.
Exploring Compound Promiscuity Patterns and Multi-Target Activity Spaces
Hu, Ye; Gupta-Ostermann, Disha; Bajorath, Jürgen
2014-01-01
Compound promiscuity is rationalized as the specific interaction of a small molecule with multiple biological targets (as opposed to non-specific binding events) and represents the molecular basis of polypharmacology, an emerging theme in drug discovery and chemical biology. This concise review focuses on recent studies that have provided a detailed picture of the degree of promiscuity among different categories of small molecules. In addition, an exemplary computational approach is discussed that is designed to navigate multi-target activity spaces populated with various compounds. PMID:24688751
EXPLORING COMPOUND PROMISCUITY PATTERNS AND MULTI-TARGET ACTIVITY SPACES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ye Hu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Compound promiscuity is rationalized as the specific interaction of a small molecule with multiple biological targets (as opposed to non-specific binding events and represents the molecular basis of polypharmacology, an emerging theme in drug discovery and chemical biology. This concise review focuses on recent studies that have provided a detailed picture of the degree of promiscuity among different categories of small molecules. In addition, an exemplary computational approach is discussed that is designed to navigate multi-target activity spaces populated with various compounds.
Dark matter and dark forces from a supersymmetric hidden sector
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andreas, S.; Goodsell, M.D.; Ringwald, A.
2011-09-15
We show that supersymmetric ''Dark Force'' models with gravity mediation are viable. To this end, we analyse a simple supersymmetric hidden sector model that interacts with the visible sector via kinetic mixing of a light Abelian gauge boson with the hypercharge. We include all induced interactions with the visible sector such as neutralino mass mixing and the Higgs portal term. We perform a detailed parameter space scan comparing the produced dark matter relic abundance and direct detection cross-sections to current experiments. (orig.)
Comments on twisted indices in 3d supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Closset, Cyril [Simons Center for Geometry and PhysicsState University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Kim, Heeyeon [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, N2L 2Y5, Ontario (Canada)
2016-08-09
We study three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on Σ{sub g}×S{sup 1} with a topological twist along Σ{sub g}, a genus-g Riemann surface. The twisted supersymmetric index at genus g and the correlation functions of half-BPS loop operators on S{sup 1} can be computed exactly by supersymmetric localization. For g=1, this gives a simple UV computation of the 3d Witten index. Twisted indices provide us with a clean derivation of the quantum algebra of supersymmetric Wilson loops, for any Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-matter theory, in terms of the associated Bethe equations for the theory on ℝ{sup 2}×S{sup 1}. This also provides a powerful and simple tool to study 3d N=2 Seiberg dualities. Finally, we study A- and B-twisted indices for N=4 supersymmetric gauge theories, which turns out to be very useful for quantitative studies of three-dimensional mirror symmetry. We also briefly comment on a relation between the S{sup 2}×S{sup 1} twisted indices and the Hilbert series of N=4 moduli spaces.
Supersymmetric contributions to the decay of an extra Z boson
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gherghetta, T.; Kaeding, T.A.; Kane, G.L.
1998-01-01
We analyze in detail the supersymmetric contributions to the decay of an extra Z boson in effective rank 5 models, including the important effect of D terms on sfermion masses. The inclusion of supersymmetric decay channels will reduce the Z ' branching ratio to standard model particles, resulting in lower Z ' mass limits than those often quoted. In particular, the supersymmetric parameter space motivated by the recent Fermilab eeγγ event and other suggestive evidence results in a branching fraction B(Z ' →e + e - )≅2 endash 4%. The expected cross sections and branching ratios could give a few events in the present data and we speculate on the connection to the three e + e - events observed at Fermilab with large dielectron invariant mass. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
Supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Traikia, M. H.; Mebarki, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Mathematique et Subatomique, Mentouri University, Constantine (Algeria)
2012-06-27
A supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics is studied in the weak deformation approximation of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. The corresponding supersymmetric q-deformed hamiltonians and charges are constructed explicitly.
On quantization of supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smilga, A.V.
1985-01-01
A recipe to resolve ordering ambiguities in the quantum hamiltonian of supersymmetric theories is suggested. The Weyl ordering prescription for supercharge operators should be employed to preserve SUSY algebra on the quantum level. The quantum hamiltonian does not generally coincide with the Weyl ordered classical hamiltonian, the difference being due to the fact that the Weyl symbol of anticommutator of supercharges does not generally coincide with the Poisson bracket of their Weyl symbols (i.e. the classical hamiltonian). The suggested procedure is applied in the examples of N=1 and N=2 supersymmetric σ-models analyzed in the constant field limit
Feature extraction algorithm for space targets based on fractal theory
Tian, Balin; Yuan, Jianping; Yue, Xiaokui; Ning, Xin
2007-11-01
In order to offer a potential for extending the life of satellites and reducing the launch and operating costs, satellite servicing including conducting repairs, upgrading and refueling spacecraft on-orbit become much more frequently. Future space operations can be more economically and reliably executed using machine vision systems, which can meet real time and tracking reliability requirements for image tracking of space surveillance system. Machine vision was applied to the research of relative pose for spacecrafts, the feature extraction algorithm was the basis of relative pose. In this paper fractal geometry based edge extraction algorithm which can be used in determining and tracking the relative pose of an observed satellite during proximity operations in machine vision system was presented. The method gets the gray-level image distributed by fractal dimension used the Differential Box-Counting (DBC) approach of the fractal theory to restrain the noise. After this, we detect the consecutive edge using Mathematical Morphology. The validity of the proposed method is examined by processing and analyzing images of space targets. The edge extraction method not only extracts the outline of the target, but also keeps the inner details. Meanwhile, edge extraction is only processed in moving area to reduce computation greatly. Simulation results compared edge detection using the method which presented by us with other detection methods. The results indicate that the presented algorithm is a valid method to solve the problems of relative pose for spacecrafts.
Likelihood analysis of supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bagnaschi, E.; Weiglein, G. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Costa, J.C.; Buchmueller, O.; Citron, M.; Richards, A.; De Vries, K.J. [Imperial College, High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, London (United Kingdom); Sakurai, K. [University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Department of Physics, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham (United Kingdom); University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland); Borsato, M.; Chobanova, V.; Lucio, M.; Martinez Santos, D. [Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); University of Illinois at Chicago, Physics Department, Chicago, IL (United States); Roeck, A. de [CERN, Experimental Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland); Antwerp University, Wilrijk (Belgium); Dolan, M.J. [University of Melbourne, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, Parkville (Australia); Ellis, J.R. [King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Flaecher, H. [University of Bristol, H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Bristol (United Kingdom); Heinemeyer, S. [Campus of International Excellence UAM+CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Santander (Spain); Isidori, G. [Universitaet Zuerich, Physik-Institut, Zurich (Switzerland); Olive, K.A. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2017-02-15
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has seven parameters: a universal gaugino mass m{sub 1/2}, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), m{sub 5} and m{sub 10}, and for the 5 and anti 5 Higgs representations m{sub H{sub u}} and m{sub H{sub d}}, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter A{sub 0}, and the ratio of Higgs vevs tan β. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + E{sub T} events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously identified mechanisms for bringing the supersymmetric relic density into the range allowed by cosmology, we identify a novel u{sub R}/c{sub R} - χ{sup 0}{sub 1} coannihilation mechanism that appears in the supersymmetric SU(5) GUT model and discuss the role of ν{sub τ} coannihilation. We find complementarity between the prospects for direct Dark Matter detection and SUSY searches at the LHC. (orig.)
Supersymmetric unification at the millennium
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
imal left right supersymmetric models with a renormalizable see-saw mechanism for neutrino mass, to left right symmetric ... principle and the interplay between third generation Yukawa coupling unification and the structurally stable IR attractive ...... 0 in a large water Cerenkov detector, hep-ex/9806014. [3] W Marciano and ...
Supersymmetric classical mechanics: free case
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rodrigues, R. de Lima [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]|[Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza]. E-mail: rafael@cfp.ufpb.br; Almeida, W. Pires de [Paraiba Univ., Cajazeiras, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Exatas e da Natureza; Fonseca Neto, I. [Paraiba Univ., Campina Grande, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica
2001-06-01
We present a review work on Supersymmetric Classical Mechanics in the context of a Lagrangian formalism, with N = 1-supersymmetry. We show that the N = 1 supersymmetry does not allow the introduction of a potencial energy term depending on a single commuting supercoordinate, {phi}(t;{theta}). (author)
CERN. Geneva
2011-01-01
In these lectures, I shall describe the theory of supersymmetry accessible to people with a knowledge of basic quantum field theory. The lectures will contain recipes of how to calculate which interactions (and which special relations) are in supersymmetry, without providing detailed proofs of where they come from. We shall also cover: motivation for weak-scale supersymmetry and the minimal supersymmetric standard model.
Supersymmetric unification at the millennium
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
logical chain leading from the Standard Model, through the MSSM and the recently developed min- imal left right supersymmetric ... operator (HЭL)¾/M. The presence of the scale M indicates new physics beyond the SM. ... taken to be doublets if one permits higher dimensional operators to do the job. R-parity and LR ...
Target space supergeometry of η and λ-deformed strings
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Borsato, Riccardo; Wulff, Linus [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College,London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2016-10-10
We study the integrable η and λ-deformations of supercoset string sigma models, the basic example being the deformation of the AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} superstring. We prove that the kappa symmetry variations for these models are of the standard Green-Schwarz form, and we determine the target space supergeometry by computing the superspace torsion. We check that the λ-deformation gives rise to a standard (generically type II*) supergravity background; for the η-model the requirement that the target space is a supergravity solution translates into a simple condition on the R-matrix which enters the definition of the deformation. We further construct all such non-abelian R-matrices of rank four which solve the homogeneous classical Yang-Baxter equation for the algebra so(2,4). We argue that most of the corresponding backgrounds are equivalent to sequences of non-commuting TsT-transformations, and verify this explicitly for some of the examples.
On timelike supersymmetric solutions of gauged minimal 5-dimensional supergravity
Chimento, Samuele; Ortín, Tomás
2017-04-01
We analyze the timelike supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged 5-dimensional supergravity for the case in which the Kähler base manifold admits a holomorphic isometry and depends on two real functions satisfying a simple second-order differential equation. Using this general form of the base space, the equations satisfied by the building blocks of the solutions become of, at most, fourth degree and can be solved by simple polynomic ansatzs. In this way we construct two 3-parameter families of solutions that contain almost all the timelike supersymmetric solutions of this theory with one angular momentum known so far and a few more: the (singular) supersymmetric Reissner-Nordström-AdS solutions, the three exact supersymmetric solutions describing the three near-horizon geometries found by Gutowski and Reall, three 1-parameter asymptotically-AdS5 black-hole solutions with those three near-horizon geometries (Gutowski and Reall's black hole being one of them), three generalizations of the Gödel universe and a few potentially homogenous solutions. A key rôle in finding these solutions is played by our ability to write AdS5's Kähler base space ( {\\overline{CP}}^2 or SU(1, 2)/U(2)) is three different, yet simple, forms associated to three different isometries. Furthermore, our ansatz for the Kähler metric also allows us to study the dimensional compactification of the theory and its solutions in a systematic way.
Constrained Supersymmetric Flipped SU(5) GUT Phenomenology
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A
2011-01-01
We explore the phenomenology of the minimal supersymmetric flipped SU(5) GUT model (CFSU(5)), whose soft supersymmetry-breaking (SSB) mass parameters are constrained to be universal at some input scale, $M_{in}$, above the GUT scale, $M_{GUT}$. We analyze the parameter space of CFSU(5) assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cosmological cold dark matter, paying careful attention to the matching of parameters at the GUT scale. We first display some specific examples of the evolutions of the SSB parameters that exhibit some generic features. Specifically, we note that the relationship between the masses of the lightest neutralino and the lighter stau is sensitive to $M_{in}$, as is the relationship between the neutralino mass and the masses of the heavier Higgs bosons. For these reasons, prominent features in generic $(m_{1/2}, m_0)$ planes such as coannihilation strips and rapid-annihilation funnels are also sensitive to $M_{in}$, as we illustrate for several cases with tan(beta)...
Supersymmetric theories and finiteness
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Helayel-Neto, J.A.
1989-01-01
We attempt here to present a short survey of the all-order finite Lagrangian field theories known at present in four-and two-dimensional space-times. The question of the possible relevance of these ultraviolet finite models in the formulation of consistent unified frameworks for the fundamental forces is also addressed to. (author)
Supersymmetric Sigma Model Geometry
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ulf Lindström
2012-08-01
Full Text Available This is a review of how sigma models formulated in Superspace have become important tools for understanding geometry. Topics included are: The (hyperkähler reduction; projective superspace; the generalized Legendre construction; generalized Kähler geometry and constructions of hyperkähler metrics on Hermitian symmetric spaces.
Circular Orbit Target Capture Using Space Tether-Net System
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guang Zhai
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The space tether-net system for on-orbit capture is proposed in this paper. In order to research the dynamic behaviors during system deployment, both free and nonfree deployment dynamics in circular orbit are developed; the system motion with respect to Local Vertical and Local Horizontal frame is also researched with analysis and simulation. The results show that in the case of free deployment, the capture net follows curve trajectories due to the relative orbit dynamic perturbation, and the initial deployment velocities are planned by state transformation equations for static and floating target captures; in the case of non-free deployment, the system undergoes an altitude libration along the Local Vertical, and the analytical solutions that describe the attitude libration are obtained by using variable separation and integration. Finally, the dynamics of postdeployment system is also proved marginally stable if the critical initial conditions are satisfied.
Supersymmetric models with light higgsinos
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruemmer, F.
2012-05-01
In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the higgsinos can have masses around the electroweak scale, while the other supersymmetric particles have TeV-scale masses. This happens in models of gauge-mediated SUSY breaking with a high messenger scale, which are motivated from string theory. For particular choices of the messenger eld content, multi-TeV squark and gluino masses naturally lead to a much lower electroweak scale, somewhat similar to focus point supersymmetry. They also induce Higgs masses of 124-126 GeV, while making the discovery of supersymmetry at the LHC unlikely. The light higgsinos will be di cult to see at the LHC but may eventually be discovered at a linear collider.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics an introduction
Gangopadhyaya, Asim; Rasinariu, Constantin
2017-01-01
We have written this book in order to provide a single compact source for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as for professional physicists who want to understand the essentials of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. It is an outgrowth of a seminar course taught to physics and mathematics juniors and seniors at Loyola University Chicago, and of our own research over a quarter of a century.
Fermion number in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mainland, G.B.; Tanaka, K.
1975-01-01
The two known methods for introducing a conserved fermion number into supersymmetric models are discussed. While the introduction of a conserved fermion number often requires that the Lagrangian be massless or that bosons carry fermion number, a model is discussed in which masses can be introduced via spontaneous symmetry breaking and fermion number is conserved at all stages without assigning fermion number to bosons. (U.S.)
Isometric operators, isospectral Hamiltonians, and supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pursey, D.L.
1986-01-01
Isometric operators are used to provide a unified theory of the three established procedures for generating one-parameter families of isospectral Hamiltonians. All members of the same family of isospectral Hamiltonians are unitarily equivalent, and the unitary transformations between them form a group isomorphic with the additive group of real numbers. The theory is generalized by including the parameter identifying a member of an isospectral family as a new variable. The unitary transformations within a family correspond to translations in the parameter space. The generator of infinitesimal translations represents a conserved quantity in the extended theory. Isometric operators are then applied to the development of models of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. In addition to the standard models based on the Darboux procedure, I show how to construct models based on the Abraham-Moses and Pursey procedures. The formalism shows that the Nieto ambiguity present in all models of supersymmetric quantum mechanics can be interpreted as a renormalization of the ground state of the supersymmetric system. This allows a generalization of supersymmetric quantum mechanics analogous to that developed for systems of isospectral Hamiltonians
Stable Non-Supersymmetric Throats in String Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kachru, Shamit; Simic, Dusan; /Stanford U., ITP /SLAC /Santa Barbara, KITP; Trivedi, Sandip P.; /Tata Inst. /Stanford U., ITP /SLAC
2011-06-28
We construct a large class of non-supersymmetric AdS-like throat geometries in string theory by taking non-supersymmetric orbifolds of supersymmetric backgrounds. The scale of SUSY breaking is the AdS radius, and the dual field theory has explicitly broken supersymmetry. The large hierarchy of energy scales in these geometries is stable. We establish this by showing that the dual gauge theories do not have any relevant operators which are singlets under the global symmetries. When the geometries are embedded in a compact internal space, a large enough discrete subgroup of the global symmetries can still survive to prevent any singlet relevant operators from arising. We illustrate this by embedding one case in a non-supersymmetric orbifold of a Calabi-Yau manifold. These examples can serve as a starting point for obtaining Randall-Sundrum models in string theory, and more generally for constructing composite Higgs or technicolor-like models where strongly coupled dynamics leads to the breaking of electro-weak symmetry. Towards the end of the paper, we briefly discuss how bulk gauge fields can be incorporated by introducing D7-branes in the bulk, and also show how the strongly coupled dynamics can lead to an emergent weakly coupled gauge theory in the IR with matter fields including scalars.
Supersymmetric electroweak phase transition beyond perturbation theory
Cline, J M; Cline, James M; Kainulainen, Kimmo
1996-01-01
We compute the three-dimensional effective action for the minimal supersymmetric standard model, which describes the light modes of the theory near the finite-temperature electroweak phase transition, keeping the one-loop corrections from the third generation quarks and squarks. Using the lattice results of Kajantie et al. for the phase transition in the same class of 3-D models, we find that the strength of the phase transition is sufficient for electroweak baryogenesis, in much broader regions of parameter space than have been indicated by purely perturbative analyses. In particular we find that, while small values of \\tan\\beta are favored, positive results persist even for arbitrarily large values of \\tan\\beta if the mass of the A^0 boson is between 40 and 100 GeV, a region of parameters which has not been previously identified as being favorable for electroweak baryogenesis.
Supersymmetric Heavy Higgs Bosons at the LHC
Arbey, Alexandre; Mahmoudi, Farvah
2013-01-01
The search for heavy Higgs bosons is an essential step in the exploration of the Higgs sector and in probing the Supersymmetric parameter space. This paper discusses the constraints on the M(A) and tan beta parameters derived from the bounds on the different decay channels of the neutral H and A bosons accessible at the LHC, in the framework of the phenomenological MSSM. The implications from the present LHC results and the expected sensitivity of the 14 TeV data are discussed in terms of the coverage of the [M(A) - tan beta] plane. New channels becoming important at 13 and 14 TeV for low values of tan beta are characterised in terms of their kinematics and the reconstruction strategies. The effect of QCD systematics, SUSY loop effects and decays into pairs of SUSY particles on these constraints are discussed in details.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Profumo, S.; Yaguna, C.E.
2004-01-01
We study supersymmetric dark matter in the general flavor diagonal minimal supersymmetric standard model by means of an extensive random scan of its parameter space. We find that, in contrast with the standard minimal supergravity lore, the large majority of viable models features either a Higgsino or a winolike lightest neutralino, and yields a relic abundance well below the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) bound. Among the models with neutralino relic density within the WMAP range, Higgsinolike neutralinos are still dominant, though a sizable fraction of binos is also present. In this latter case, coannihilations are shown to be essential in order to obtain the correct neutralino abundance. We then carry out a statistical analysis and a general discussion of neutralino dark matter direct detection and of indirect neutralino detection at neutrino telescopes and at antimatter search experiments. We point out that current data exclude only a marginal portion of the viable parameter space, and that models whose thermal relic abundance lies in the WMAP range will be significantly probed only at future direct detection experiments. Finally, we emphasize the importance of relic density enhancement mechanisms for indirect detection perspectives, in particular, at future antimatter search experiments
Directed energy deflection laboratory measurements of common space based targets
Brashears, Travis; Lubin, Philip; Hughes, Gary B.; Meinhold, Peter; Batliner, Payton; Motta, Caio; Madajian, Jonathan; Mercer, Whitaker; Knowles, Patrick
2016-09-01
We report on laboratory studies of the effectiveness of directed energy planetary defense as a part of the DE-STAR (Directed Energy System for Targeting of Asteroids and exploRation) program. DE-STAR and DE-STARLITE are directed energy "stand-off" and "stand-on" programs, respectively. These systems consist of a modular array of kilowatt-class lasers powered by photovoltaics, and are capable of heating a spot on the surface of an asteroid to the point of vaporization. Mass ejection, as a plume of evaporated material, creates a reactionary thrust capable of diverting the asteroid's orbit. In a series of papers, we have developed a theoretical basis and described numerical simulations for determining the thrust produced by material evaporating from the surface of an asteroid. In the DESTAR concept, the asteroid itself is used as the deflection "propellant". This study presents results of experiments designed to measure the thrust created by evaporation from a laser directed energy spot. We constructed a vacuum chamber to simulate space conditions, and installed a torsion balance that holds a common space target sample. The sample is illuminated with a fiber array laser with flux levels up to 60 MW/m2 , which allows us to simulate a mission level flux but on a small scale. We use a separate laser as well as a position sensitive centroid detector to readout the angular motion of the torsion balance and can thus determine the thrust. We compare the measured thrust to the models. Our theoretical models indicate a coupling coefficient well in excess of 100 μN/Woptical, though we assume a more conservative value of 80 μN/Woptical and then degrade this with an optical "encircled energy" efficiency of 0.75 to 60 μN/Woptical in our deflection modeling. Our measurements discussed here yield about 45 μN/Wabsorbed as a reasonable lower limit to the thrust per optical watt absorbed. Results vary depending on the material tested and are limited to measurements of 1 axis, so
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ketov, S.V.
1996-09-01
Taking the (2,2) strings as a starting point, we discuss the equivalent self-dual field theories and analyze their symmetry structure in 2+2 dimensions from the viewpoint of string/membrane unification. Requiring the 'Lorentz' invariance and supersymmetry in the (2,2) string target space leads to an extension of the (2,2) string theory to a theory of 2+2 dimensional supermembranes (M-branes) propagating in a higher dimensional target space. The origin of the hidden target space dimensions of the M-brane is related to the maximally extended supersymmetry implied by the 'Lorentz' covariance and dimensional reasons. The Kaehler-Chern-Simons-type action describing the self-dual gravity in 2+2 dimensions is proposed. Its maximal supersymmetrization (of the Green-Schwarz-type) naturally leads to the 2+10 (or higher) dimensions for the M-brane target space. The proposed OSp(32 vertical stroke 1) supersymmetric action gives the pre-geometrical description of M-branes, which may be useful for a fundamental formulation of F and M theory. (orig.)
Supersymmetric gauge theories from string theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Metzger, St.
2005-12-01
This thesis presents various ways to construct four-dimensional quantum field theories from string theory. In a first part we study the generation of a supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, coupled to an adjoint chiral superfield, from type IIB string theory on non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds, with D-branes wrapping certain sub-cycles. Properties of the gauge theory are then mapped to the geometric structure of the Calabi-Yau space. Even if the Calabi-Yau geometry is too complicated to evaluate the geometric integrals explicitly, one can then always use matrix model perturbation theory to calculate the effective superpotential. The second part of this work covers the generation of four-dimensional super-symmetric gauge theories, carrying several important characteristic features of the standard model, from compactifications of eleven-dimensional supergravity on G 2 -manifolds. If the latter contain conical singularities, chiral fermions are present in the four-dimensional gauge theory, which potentially lead to anomalies. We show that, locally at each singularity, these anomalies are cancelled by the non-invariance of the classical action through a mechanism called 'anomaly inflow'. Unfortunately, no explicit metric of a compact G 2 -manifold is known. Here we construct families of metrics on compact weak G 2 -manifolds, which contain two conical singularities. Weak G 2 -manifolds have properties that are similar to the ones of proper G 2 -manifolds, and hence the explicit examples might be useful to better understand the generic situation. Finally, we reconsider the relation between eleven-dimensional supergravity and the E 8 x E 8 -heterotic string. This is done by carefully studying the anomalies that appear if the supergravity theory is formulated on a ten-manifold times the interval. Again we find that the anomalies cancel locally at the boundaries of the interval through anomaly inflow, provided one suitably modifies the classical action. (author)
Ultraviolet divergences and supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sagnotti, A.
1984-09-01
This article is closely related to the one by Ferrara in these same Proceedings. It deals with what is perhaps the most fascinating property of supersymmetric theories, their improved ultraviolet behavior. My aim here is to present a survey of the state of the art as of August, 1984, and a somewhat more detailed discussion of the breakdown of the superspace power-counting beyond N = 2 superfields. A method is also described for simplifying divergence calculations that uses the locality of subtracted Feynman integrals. 74 references.
Supersymmetric singlet majorons and cosmology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chun, E.J.; Kim, H.B.; Lukas, A.
1994-02-01
We examine cosmological constraints on the lepton number breaking scale in super-symmetric singlet majoron models. Special attention is drawn to the model dependence arising from the particular choice of a certain majoron extension and a cosmological scenario. We find that the bounds on the symmetry breaking scale can vary substantially. Large values of this scale can be allowed if the decoupling temperature of majoron and majorino exceeds the reheating temperature of inflation. In the opposite case an upper bound depending on the majoron model can be obtained which, however, is unlikely to be much larger than 10 10 GeV. (author). 13 refs, 2 figs
Higher dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Dirac ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We exhibit the supersymmetric quantum mechanical structure of the full 3+1 dimensional Dirac equation considering `mass' as a function of coordinates. Its usefulness in solving potential problems is discussed with speciﬁc examples. We also discuss the `physical' signiﬁcance of the supersymmetric states in this formalism.
The gauge technique in supersymmetric QED2
Roo, M. de; Steringa, J.J.
1988-01-01
We construct an extension of the gauge technique to two-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories. This involves a derivation of the spectral representation of a scalar superpropagator in two dimensions. We apply the method to the massive supersymmetric Schwinger model. In the case that the gauge
Supersymmetric R4-actions in ten dimensions
Roo, M. de; Suelmann, H.; Wiedemann, A.
1992-01-01
We construct supersymmetric R+R4-actions in ten dimensions. Two invariants, of which the bosonic parts are known from string amplitude and sigma model calculations, are obtained. One of these invariants can be generalized to an R+F2+F4-invariant for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to
Supersymmetric field theories and generalized cohomology
Teichner, Peter; Stolz, Stephan
2011-01-01
This survey discusses our results and conjectures concerning supersymmetric field theories and their relationship to cohomology theories. A careful definition of supersymmetric Euclidean field theories is given, refining Segal's axioms for conformal field theories. We state and give an outline of the proof of various results relating field theories to cohomology theories.
New instanton effects in supersymmetric QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beasley, Chris [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)]. E-mail: cbeasley@princeton.edu; Witten, Edward [School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)
2005-01-01
In supersymmetric QCD with SU(N{sub c}) gauge group and N{sub f} flavors, it is known that instantons generate a superpotential if N{sub f} = N{sub c}-1 and deform the moduli space of vacua if N{sub f} = N{sub c}. But the role of instantons has been unclear for Nf>Nc. In this paper, we demonstrate that for N{sub f}>N{sub c}, on the moduli space of vacua, instantons generate a more subtle chiral operator containing (for example) non-derivative interactions of 2(N{sub f}-N{sub c})+4 fermions. Upon giving masses to some flavors, one can integrate out some fermions and recover the standard results for N{sub f} = N{sub c} and N{sub f} = N{sub c}-1. For N{sub f} = N{sub c}, our analysis gives, in a sense, a more systematic way to demonstrate that instantons deform the complex structure of the moduli space of vacua. (author)
Supersymmetric methods in quantum and statistical physics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Junker, G.
1996-01-01
The author presents an introduction to supersymmetry. Starting from a historical review the basic definitions for supersymmetric quantum mechanics are given, and the fundamental properties following from these definitions are discussed. Then after a description of supersymmetric potentials supersymmetric classical mechanics are introduced, and the exact solution of a supersymmetric quantum eigenvalue problem is described. Thereafter the quasi-classical path-integral approach to the Witten model, the supersymmetric structure of the Fokker-Planck and the Langevin equation, the supersymmetry of Pauli's Hamiltonian in the connection with the paramagnetism of a non-interacting electron gas, and the supersymmetry in the Dirac equation with its application to semiconductor heterojunctions are considered. (HSI). 36 figs., 13 tabs
A Maximally Supersymmetric Kondo Model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harrison, Sarah; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2012-02-17
We study the maximally supersymmetric Kondo model obtained by adding a fermionic impurity to N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. While the original Kondo problem describes a defect interacting with a free Fermi liquid of itinerant electrons, here the ambient theory is an interacting CFT, and this introduces qualitatively new features into the system. The model arises in string theory by considering the intersection of a stack of M D5-branes with a stack of N D3-branes, at a point in the D3 worldvolume. We analyze the theory holographically, and propose a dictionary between the Kondo problem and antisymmetric Wilson loops in N = 4 SYM. We perform an explicit calculation of the D5 fluctuations in the D3 geometry and determine the spectrum of defect operators. This establishes the stability of the Kondo fixed point together with its basic thermodynamic properties. Known supergravity solutions for Wilson loops allow us to go beyond the probe approximation: the D5s disappear and are replaced by three-form flux piercing a new topologically non-trivial S3 in the corrected geometry. This describes the Kondo model in terms of a geometric transition. A dual matrix model reflects the basic properties of the corrected gravity solution in its eigenvalue distribution.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the lattice: II. Exact results
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David Baumgartner
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Simulations of supersymmetric field theories with spontaneously broken supersymmetry require in addition to the ultraviolet regularisation also an infrared one, due to the emergence of the massless Goldstino. The intricate interplay between ultraviolet and infrared effects towards the continuum and infinite volume limit demands careful investigations to avoid potential problems. In this paper – the second in a series of three – we present such an investigation for N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics formulated on the lattice in terms of bosonic and fermionic bonds. In one dimension, the bond formulation allows to solve the system exactly, even at finite lattice spacing, through the construction and analysis of transfer matrices. In the present paper we elaborate on this approach and discuss a range of exact results for observables such as the Witten index, the mass spectra and Ward identities.
Phenomenological constraints on an R-symmetric supersymmetric model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diessner, Philip; Stoeckinger, Dominik [IKTP, TU Dresden (Germany); Kalinowski, Jan [Universitaet Warschau (Poland); Kotlarski, Wojciech [IKTP, TU Dresden (Germany); Universitaet Warschau (Poland)
2015-07-01
R-Symmetry in an additional symmetry which can be imposed on an supersymmetric model. In the Minimal R-Symmetric Supersymmetric Standard Model (MRSSM) this symmetry is incorporated and leads to interesting phenomenological consequences like the prediction of Dirac Gauginos. With an extended Higgs sector in this model it is possible to find different scenarios which can accomodate a Standard Model-like Higgs with a mass of around 125 GeV even with the absence of stop mixing. In this talk, the analysis of the Higgs sector of the MRSSM is presented. Results from scans in the parameter space of the model are shown also taking into account other observables like the W-Boson mass and dark matter results. Also, differences and similarities of the MRSSM to the MSSM are discussed.
On timelike supersymmetric solutions of gauged minimal 5-dimensional supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chimento, Samuele; Ortín, Tomás [Instituto de Física Teórica UAM/CSIC,C/Nicolás Cabrera, 13-15, C.University Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)
2017-04-04
We analyze the timelike supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged 5-dimensional supergravity for the case in which the Kähler base manifold admits a holomorphic isometry and depends on two real functions satisfying a simple second-order differential equation. Using this general form of the base space, the equations satisfied by the building blocks of the solutions become of, at most, fourth degree and can be solved by simple polynomic ansatzs. In this way we construct two 3-parameter families of solutions that contain almost all the timelike supersymmetric solutions of this theory with one angular momentum known so far and a few more: the (singular) supersymmetric Reissner-Nordström-AdS solutions, the three exact supersymmetric solutions describing the three near-horizon geometries found by Gutowski and Reall, three 1-parameter asymptotically-AdS{sub 5} black-hole solutions with those three near-horizon geometries (Gutowski and Reall’s black hole being one of them), three generalizations of the Gödel universe and a few potentially homogenous solutions. A key rôle in finding these solutions is played by our ability to write AdS{sub 5}’s Kähler base space ( (ℂℙ)-bar {sup 2} or SU(1,2)/U(2)) is three different, yet simple, forms associated to three different isometries. Furthermore, our ansatz for the Kähler metric also allows us to study the dimensional compactification of the theory and its solutions in a systematic way.
Geodesics in supersymmetric microstate geometries
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Eperon, Felicity C
2017-01-01
It has been argued that supersymmetric microstate geometries are classically unstable. One argument for instability involves considering the motion of a massive particle near the ergosurface of such a spacetime. It is shown that the instability can be triggered by a particle that starts arbitrarily far from the ergosurface. Another argument for instability is related to the phenomenon of stable trapping of null geodesics in these geometries. Such trapping is studied in detail for the most symmetrical microstate geometries. It is found that there are several distinct types of trapped null geodesic, both prograde and retrograde. Several important differences between geodesics in microstate geometries and black hole geometries are noted. The Penrose process for energy extraction in these geometries is discussed. (paper)
On Limit Cycles in Supersymmetric Theories
Fortin, Jean-Francois; Murphy, Christopher W.; Stergiou, Andreas
2013-01-01
Contrary to popular belief conformality does not require zero beta functions. This follows from the work of Jack and Osborn, and examples in non-supersymmetric theories were recently found by some of us. In this note we show that such examples are absent in unitary N=1 supersymmetric four-dimensional field theories. More specifically, we show to all orders in perturbation theory that the beta-function vector field of such theories does not admit limit cycles. A corollary of our result is that unitary N=1 supersymmetric four-dimensional theories cannot be superscale-invariant without being superconformal.
N=4 supersymmetry on a space-time lattice
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Catterall, Simon; Schaich, David; Damgaard, Poul H.
2014-01-01
Maximally supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory in four dimensions can be formulated on a space-time lattice while exactly preserving a single supersymmetry. Here we explore in detail this lattice theory, paying particular attention to its strongly coupled regime. Targeting a theory with gauge group SU...
Integrability and boundary conditions of supersymmetric systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yue Ruihong; Liang Hong
1996-01-01
By studying the solutions of the reflection equations, we find out a series of integrable supersymmetric systems with different boundary conditions. The Hamiltonian contains four free parameters which describe the contribution of the boundary terms
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goto, T. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Kyoto Univ. (Japan). YITP; Okada, Y. [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan)]|[Graduate Univ. for Advanced Studies, Tsukuba (Japan). Dept. of Particle and Nucelar Physics; Shindou, T. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste (Italy); Tanaka, M. [Osaka Univ., Toyonaka (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2007-11-15
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b{yields}s(d) transition observables in B{sub d} and B{sub s} decays, taking the constraint from the B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} mixing recently observed at Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes {mu} {yields} e{gamma}, {tau} {yields} {mu}{gamma} and {tau} {yields} e{gamma} for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb and a future Super B Factory. (orig.)
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goto, T.; Tanaka, M.
2007-11-01
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b→s(d) transition observables in B d and B s decays, taking the constraint from the B s - anti B s mixing recently observed at Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes μ → eγ, τ → μγ and τ → eγ for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb and a future Super B Factory. (orig.)
Supersymmetric Dark Matter after LHC Run 1
Bagnaschi, E A; Cavanaugh, R; Citron, M; De Roeck, A; Dolan, M J; Ellis, J R; Flaecher, H; Heinemeyer, S; Isidori, G; Malik, S; Santos, D Martinez; Olive, K A; Sakurai, K; de Vries, K J; Weiglein, G
2015-01-01
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, neutralino_1, assumed here to be the LSP and thus the Dark Matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly-degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) such as the lighter stau (stau_1), stop (stop_1) or chargino (chargino_1), resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the stau_1 coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be exp...
Likelihood Analysis of Supersymmetric SU(5) GUTs
Bagnaschi, E.
2017-01-01
We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\\mathbf{5}$ and $\\mathbf{\\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\\tan \\beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. In addition to previously-identified mechanisms for bringi...
Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Searches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Robinson, Stephen Luke [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2008-07-01
In some Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the coupling of Higgs bosons to b-quarks is enhanced. This enhancement makes the associated production of the Higgs with b-quarks an interesting search channel for the Higgs and Supersymmetry at D0. The identification of b-quarks, both online and offline, is essential to this search effort. This thesis describes the author's involvement in the development of both types of b-tagging and in the application of these techniques to the MSSM Higgs search. Work was carried out on the Level-3 trigger b-tagging algorithms. The impact parameter (IP) b-tagger was retuned and the effects of increased instantaneous luminosity on the tagger were studied. An extension of the IP-tagger to use the z-tracking information was developed. A new b-tagger using secondary vertices was developed and commissioned. A tool was developed to allow the use of large multi-run samples for trigger studies involving b-quarks. Offline, a neural network (NN) b-tagger was trained combining the existing offline lifetime based b-tagging tools. The efficiency and fake rate of the NN b-tagger were measured in data and MC. This b-tagger was internally reviewed and certified by the Collaboration and now provides the official b-tagging for all analyses using the Run IIa dataset at D0. A search was performed for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a b{bar b} pair and produced in association with one or more b-quarks. Limits are set on the cross-section times the branching ratio for such a process. The limits were interpreted in various MSSM scenarios. This analysis uses the NN b-tagger and was the first to use this tool. The analysis also relies on triggers using the Level-3 IP b-tagging tool described previously. A likelihood discriminant was used to improve the analysis and a neural network was developed to cross-check this technique. The result of the analysis has been submitted to PRL
Structure-based design in the GPCR target space.
Kontoyianni, M; Liu, Z
2012-01-01
The G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are membrane proteins that transmit signals via G-protein coupling. They have long been the target of small molecule therapeutics accounting for 30% of the launched drug targets. They are subdivided into several classes, with rhodopsins corresponding to the largest class. Furthermore, a high number of new rhodopsin-like GPCR proteins are included in the druggable genome, thus they are projected to continue being of value to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors. We present a comprehensive review of the structural information pertaining to GPCRs, in light of the most recently deposited crystal structures, along with comparisons of the available to-date structures at different activation states. Finally, computational approaches to GPCR modeling are discussed in conjunction with critical perspectives regarding feasibility and limitations.
Geometric shapes inversion method of space targets by ISAR image segmentation
Huo, Chao-ying; Xing, Xiao-yu; Yin, Hong-cheng; Li, Chen-guang; Zeng, Xiang-yun; Xu, Gao-gui
2017-11-01
The geometric shape of target is an effective characteristic in the process of space targets recognition. This paper proposed a method of shape inversion of space target based on components segmentation from ISAR image. The Radon transformation, Hough transformation, K-means clustering, triangulation will be introduced into ISAR image processing. Firstly, we use Radon transformation and edge detection to extract space target's main body spindle and solar panel spindle from ISAR image. Then the targets' main body, solar panel, rectangular and circular antenna are segmented from ISAR image based on image detection theory. Finally, the sizes of every structural component are computed. The effectiveness of this method is verified using typical targets' simulation data.
Dimensional Reduction over Coset Spaces and Supersymmetry Breaking
Manousselis, Pantelis; Zoupanos, George
2002-03-01
We address the question of supersymmetry breaking of a higher dimensional supersymmetric theory due to coset space dimensional reduction. In particular we study a ten-dimensional supersymmetric E8 gauge theory which is reduced over all six-dimensional coset spaces. We find that the original supersymmetry is completely broken in the process of dimensional reduction when the coset spaces are symmetric. On the contrary softly broken four-dimensional supersymmetric theories result when the coset spaces are non-symmetric. From our analysis two promising cases are emerging which lead to interesting GUTs with three fermion families in four dimensions, one being non-supersymmetric and the other softly broken supersymmetric.
Quantum integrability and supersymmetric vacua
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nekrasov, Nikita; Shatashvili, Samson
2009-01-01
Supersymmetric vacua of two dimensional N=4 gauge theories with matter, softly broken by the twisted masses down to N=2, are shown to be in one-to-one correspondence with the eigenstates of integrable spin chain Hamiltonians. Examples include: the Heisenberg SU(2) XXX spin chain which is mapped to the two dimensional U(N) theory with fundamental hypermultiplets, the XXZ spin chain which is mapped to the analogous three dimensional super-Yang-Mills theory compactified on a circle, the XYZ spin chain and eight-vertex model which are related to the four dimensional theory compactified on T 2 . A consequence of our correspondence is the isomorphism of the quantum cohomology ring of various quiver varieties, such as T * Gr(N,L) and the ring of quantum integrals of motion of various spin chains. The correspondence extends to any spin group, representations, boundary conditions, and inhomogeneity, it includes Sinh-Gordon and non-linear Schroedinger models as well as the dynamical spin chains like Hubbard model. These more general spin chains correspond to quiver gauge theories with twisted masses, with classical gauge groups. We give the gauge-theoretic interpretation of Drinfeld polynomials and Baxter operators. In the classical weak coupling limit our results make contact with Nakajima constructions. Toric compactifications of four dimensional N=2 theories lead to the instanton corrected Bethe equations. (author)
Targeting Cislunar Near Rectilinear Halo Orbits for Human Space Exploration
Williams, Jacob; Lee, David E.; Whitley, Ryan J.; Bokelmann, Kevin A.; Davis, Diane C.; Berry, Christopher F.
2017-01-01
Part of the challenge of charting a human exploration space architecture is finding locations to stage missions to multiple destinations. To that end, a specific subset of Earth-Moon halo orbits, known as Near Rectilinear Halo Orbits (NRHOs) are evaluated. In this paper, a systematic process for generating full ephemeris based ballistic NRHOs is outlined, different size NRHOs are examined for their favorability to avoid eclipses, the performance requirements for missions to and from NRHOs are calculated, and disposal options are evaluated. Combined, these studies confirm the feasibility of cislunar NRHOs to enable human exploration in the cislunar proving ground.
Counting vacua in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Selivanov, Konstantin G
2002-01-01
The recent progress concerning the Witten index in N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is reviewed. Since 1982 there has been a controversy in counting vacua. The original calculation of the Witten index conflicted with expectations based on the chiral symmetry breaking picture. The controversy was resolved by Witten in 1998 who discovered additional disconnected components in the space of classical vacua in Yang-Mills theory compactified on a three-dimensional torus. We review the resolution of the controversy, describe those additional vacua and the corresponding gauge fields. We also discuss how the Witten index feels the physics of confinement and chiral symmetry breaking. (reviews of topical problems)
Counting vacua in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Selivanov, K.G.
2002-01-01
Recent progress in calculating the Witten index in N = 1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is reviewed. Since 1982 there has been a controversy over counting vacua in this theory. Early Witten index calculations were in disagreement with the chiral symmetry breaking picture. This controversy was resolved in 1998 by Witten, who discovered additional components in the space of classical vacua in Yang-Mills theory compactified on a three-dimensional torus. The paper describes these additional components and the corresponding gauge fields. The way how the Witten index reacts to confinement and chiral symmetry breaking is also discussed [ru
Maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the lattice
Schaich, David; Catterall, Simon
2017-12-01
We summarize recent progress in lattice studies of four-dimensional 𝒩 = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and present preliminary results from ongoing investigations. Our work is based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing, and we review a new procedure to regulate flat directions by modifying the moduli equations in a manner compatible with this supersymmetry. This procedure defines an improved lattice action that we have begun to use in numerical calculations. We discuss some highlights of these investigations, including the static potential and an update on the question of a possible sign problem in the lattice theory.
A review of Higgs mass calculations in supersymmetric models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Draper, P.; Rzehak, H.
2016-01-01
The discovery of the Higgs boson is both a milestone achievement for the Standard Model and an exciting probe of new physics beyond the SM. One of the most important properties of the Higgs is its mass, a number that has proven to be highly constraining for models of new physics, particularly those...... related to the electroweak hierarchy problem. Perhaps the most extensively studied examples are supersymmetric models, which, while capable of producing a 125 GeV Higgs boson with SM-like properties, do so in non-generic parts of their parameter spaces. We review the computation of the Higgs mass...
Universality in radiative corrections for non-supersymmetric heterotic vacua
Angelantonj, C; Tsulaia, Mirian
2016-01-01
Properties of moduli-dependent gauge threshold corrections in non-supersymmetric heterotic vacua are reviewed. In the absence of space-time supersymmetry these amplitudes are no longer protected and receive contributions from the whole tower of string states, BPS and not. Never-theless, the difference of gauge thresholds for non-Abelian gauge groups displays a remarkable universality property, even when supersymmetry is absent. We present a simple heterotic construction that shares this universal behaviour and expose the necessary conditions on the super-symmetry breaking mechanism for universality to occur.
Shell-model study on event rates of lightest supersymmetric particles scattering off 83Kr and 125Te
Pirinen, Pekka; Srivastava, P. C.; Suhonen, Jouni; Kortelainen, Markus
2016-01-01
We investigate the elastic and inelastic scattering of lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) dark matter off two possible target nuclei, 83Kr and 125Te. For the nuclear-structure calculations, we employ the nuclear shell model using recently generated realistic interactions. We have condensed the nuclear-physics contribution to a set of nuclear-structure factors that are independent of the adopted supersymmetric (SUSY) model. Total event rates are then easily calculated by combin...
Supersymmetric dark matter after LHC run 1
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bagnaschi, E.A.; Buchmueller, O.; Cavanaugh, R.; Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL
2015-08-01
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, χ 0 1 , assumed here to be the LSP and thus the Dark Matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly-degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) such as the lighter stau τ 1 , stop t 1 or chargino χ ± 1 , resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the τ 1 coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for missing E T events and long-lived charged particles, whereas their H/A funnel, focus-point and χ ± 1 coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. We find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is χ ± 1 coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches.
Manifestly N = 2 supersymmetric regularization for N = 2 supersymmetric field theories
Buchbinder, I. L.; Pletnev, N. G.; Stepanyantz, K. V.
2015-12-01
We formulate the higher covariant derivative regularization for N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories in N = 2 harmonic superspace. This regularization is constructed by adding the N = 2 supersymmetric higher derivative term to the classical action and inserting the N = 2 supersymmetric Pauli-Villars determinants into the generating functional for removing one-loop divergencies. Unlike all other regularization schemes in N = 2 supersymmetric quantum field theory, this regularization preserves by construction the manifest N = 2 supersymmetry at all steps of calculating loop corrections to the effective action. Together with N = 2 supersymmetric background field method this regularization allows to calculate quantum corrections without breaking the manifest gauge symmetry and N = 2 supersymmetry. Thus, we justify the assumption about existence of a regularization preserving N = 2 supersymmetry, which is a key element of the N = 2 non-renormalization theorem. As a result, we give the proof of the N = 2 non-renormalization theorem which does not require any additional assumptions.
Webs of domain walls in supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Eto, Minoru; Isozumi, Youichi; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke
2005-01-01
Webs of domain walls are constructed as 1/4 Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) states in d=4, N=2 supersymmetric U(N C ) gauge theories with N F hypermultiplets in the fundamental representation. Webs of walls can contain any numbers of external legs and loops like (p,q) string/5-brane webs. We find the moduli space M of a 1/4 BPS equation for wall webs to be the complex Grassmann manifold. When moduli spaces of 1/2 BPS states (parallel walls) and the vacua are removed from M, the noncompact moduli space of genuine 1/4 BPS wall webs is obtained. All the solutions are obtained explicitly and exactly in the strong gauge coupling limit. In the case of Abelian gauge theory, we work out the correspondence between configurations of wall web and the moduli space CP N F -1
Prediction of drug-target interaction networks from the integration of chemical and genomic spaces.
Yamanishi, Yoshihiro; Araki, Michihiro; Gutteridge, Alex; Honda, Wataru; Kanehisa, Minoru
2008-07-01
The identification of interactions between drugs and target proteins is a key area in genomic drug discovery. Therefore, there is a strong incentive to develop new methods capable of detecting these potential drug-target interactions efficiently. In this article, we characterize four classes of drug-target interaction networks in humans involving enzymes, ion channels, G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and nuclear receptors, and reveal significant correlations between drug structure similarity, target sequence similarity and the drug-target interaction network topology. We then develop new statistical methods to predict unknown drug-target interaction networks from chemical structure and genomic sequence information simultaneously on a large scale. The originality of the proposed method lies in the formalization of the drug-target interaction inference as a supervised learning problem for a bipartite graph, the lack of need for 3D structure information of the target proteins, and in the integration of chemical and genomic spaces into a unified space that we call 'pharmacological space'. In the results, we demonstrate the usefulness of our proposed method for the prediction of the four classes of drug-target interaction networks. Our comprehensively predicted drug-target interaction networks enable us to suggest many potential drug-target interactions and to increase research productivity toward genomic drug discovery. Softwares are available upon request. Datasets and all prediction results are available at http://web.kuicr.kyoto-u.ac.jp/supp/yoshi/drugtarget/.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on n-dimensional manifolds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
O'Connor, M.
1990-01-01
In this thesis the author investigates the properties of the supersymmetric path integral on Riemannian manifolds. Chapter 1 is a brief introduction to supersymmetric path integral can be defined as the continuum limit of a discrete supersymmetric path integral. In Chapter 3 he shows that point canonical transformations in the path integral for ordinary quantum mechanics can be performed naively provided one uses the supersymmetric path integral. Chapter 4 generalizes the results of chapter 3 to include the propagation of all the fermion sectors in supersymmetric quantum mechanics. In Chapter 5 he shows how the properties of supersymmetric quantum mechanics can be used to investigate topological quantum mechanics
Near-Earth Object Human Space Flight Accessible Targets Study (NHATS)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This list of potential mission targets should not be interpreted as a complete list of viable NEAs for an actual human exploration mission. As the NEA orbits are...
Bubbles of nothing and supersymmetric compactifications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J. [IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011, Bilbao (Spain); Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Shlaer, Benjamin [Department of Physics, University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019, Auckland (New Zealand); Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy,Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States); Sousa, Kepa [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain); Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid,Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Urrestilla, Jon [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,48080 Bilbao (Spain)
2016-10-03
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such “topologically unobstructed” cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to M{sub 3}×S{sub 1} presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this decay. This demonstrates the dynamical origin of the decay suppression, as opposed to the more familiar argument based on the spin structure. We conjecture that this is a generic mechanism that enforces stability of any topologically unobstructed supersymmetric compactification.
New two-loop contribution to electric dipole moment in supersymmetric theories
Chang, Darwin; Pilaftsis, Apostolos; Chang, Darwin; Keung, Wai-Yee; Pilaftsis, Apostolos
1999-01-01
We calculate a new type of two-loop contributions to the electric dipole moments of the electron and neutron in supersymmetric theories. The new contributions are originated from the potential CP violation in the trilinear couplings of the Higgs bosons to the scalar-top or the scalar-bottom quarks. These couplings were previously very weakly constrained. The electric dipole moments are induced through a mechanism analogous to that due to Barr and Zee. We find observable effects for a sizeable portion of the parameter space related to the third generation scalar-quarks in the minimal supersymmetric standard model which cannot be excluded by earlier considerations.
Three-loop octagons and n-gons in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Caron Huot, Simon; He, Song
2013-01-01
We study the S-matrix of planar = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory when external momenta are restricted to a two-dimensional subspace of Minkowski space. We find significant simplifications and new, interesting structures for tree and loop amplitudes in two-dimensional kinematics, in particular...
Two- and three dimensional electrons and photons and their supersymmetric partners
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Steringa, J.J.
1989-01-01
This thesis contains a study of supersymmetric gauge theories in two and tree spacetime dimensions. Supersymmetric gauge theories in less than four spacetime dimensions are useful for trying out field theoretical methods which ultimately will be applied to realistic models. In ch. 1 all the aspects of field theory that are necessary for later chapters are treated. In ch. 2 sypersymmetry in two- and three-dimensional space time is treated, and superfields and superspace techniques are introduced. With these a simple Abelian supersymmetric gauge theory in two spacetime dimensions is constructed, the Schwinger model. Ch. 3 deals with general properties and a perturbative analysis of the model. Ch. 4 contains a non-perturbative analysis by means of Dyson-Schwinger equations. A supersummetric extension of theSalam-Delbourgo Gauge Technique is presented and is applied with some seccess to the supersymmetric Schwinger model. In ch. 5 prperties of three-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories are investigated. (author). 55 refs.; 7 figs.; schemes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Consonni, M.
2008-07-01
The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) is expected to deliver the first proton-proton collisions in September 2008 and the ATLAS experiment is designed to explore a large spectrum of phenomena that could arise from these interactions. In the context of supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, the lightest Higgs boson can be produced via cascade decays of supersymmetric particles. We investigate the possibility of observing such events with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. First, we focus on the ATLAS capability in measuring the missing energy due to the passage of supersymmetric particles escaping the detection. Then, we show that, for some regions of the Minimal Supergravity parameter space compatible with the last LEP searches, the lightest Higgs boson can be discovered with less than 10 fb -1 , giving results competitive with standard Higgs production channels. We also study the possibility of measuring quantities related to the masses and couplings of the supersymmetric particles involved in the process. Finally, starting from these measurements, we use the SFitter tool to set up a global fit to the parameters of the underlying supersymmetric model, showing the validity of such procedure for constraining the theoretical interpretations of future LHC data. (author)
Non-Abelian localization for supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theories on a Seifert manifold
Ohta, Kazutoshi; Yoshida, Yutaka
2012-11-01
We derive non-Abelian localization formulas for supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory with matters on a Seifert manifold M, which is the three-dimensional space of a circle bundle over a two-dimensional Riemann surface Σ, by using the cohomological approach introduced by Källén. We find that the partition function and the vacuum expectation value of the supersymmetric Wilson loop reduces to a finite dimensional integral and summation over classical flux configurations labeled by discrete integers. We also find that the partition function reduces further to just a discrete sum over integers in some cases, and evaluate the supersymmetric index (Witten index) exactly on S1×Σ. The index completely agrees with the previous prediction from field theory and branes. We discuss a vacuum structure of the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory deduced from the localization.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hisano, Junji; Nagai, Minoru; Paradisi, Paride
2009-01-01
The standard model predictions for the hadronic and leptonic electric dipole moments (EDMs) are considerably far from the present experimental resolutions; thus, the EDMs represent very clean probes of new physics effects. Especially, within supersymmetric frameworks with flavor-violating soft terms, large and potentially visible effects to the EDMs are typically expected. In this work, we systematically evaluate the predictions for the EDMs at the beyond leading order. In fact, we show that beyond-leading-order contributions to the EDMs dominate over the leading-order effects in large regions of the supersymmetric parameter space. Hence, their inclusion in the evaluation of the EDMs is unavoidable. As an example, we show the relevance of beyond-leading-order effects to the EDMs for a supersymmetric SU(5) model with right-handed neutrinos.
Supersymmetric black holes in AdS{sub 4} from very special geometry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gnecchi, Alessandra [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University,3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Halmagyi, Nick [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Hautes Energies, Université Pierre et Marie Curie,CNRS UMR 7589, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)
2014-04-29
Supersymmetric black holes in AdS spacetime are inherently interesting for the AdS/CFT correspondence. Within a four dimensional gauged supergravity theory coupled to vector multiplets, the only analytic solutions for regular, supersymmetric, static black holes in AdS{sub 4} are those in the STU-model due to Cacciatori and Klemm. We study a class of U(1)-gauged supergravity theories coupled to vector multiplets which have a cubic prepotential, the scalar manifold is then a very special Kähler manifold. When the resulting very special Kähler manifold is a homogeneous space, we find analytic solutions for static, supersymmetric AdS{sub 4} black holes with vanishing axions. The horizon geometries of our solutions are constant curvature Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bershtein, Mikhail [Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics,Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); National Research University Higher School of Economics,International Laboratory of Representation Theory and Mathematical Physics,Institute for Information Transmission Problems,Moscow (Russian Federation); Independent University of Moscow,Moscow (Russian Federation); Bonelli, Giulio; Ronzani, Massimiliano; Tanzini, Alessandro [International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA), and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste (Italy)
2016-07-05
We provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of N=2 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for U(2) N=2{sup ∗} theory on ℙ{sup 2} for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the N=4 supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a long-standing conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new.
Supersymmetric black holes in AdS4 from very special geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gnecchi, Alessandra; Halmagyi, Nick
2014-01-01
Supersymmetric black holes in AdS spacetime are inherently interesting for the AdS/CFT correspondence. Within a four dimensional gauged supergravity theory coupled to vector multiplets, the only analytic solutions for regular, supersymmetric, static black holes in AdS 4 are those in the STU-model due to Cacciatori and Klemm. We study a class of U(1)-gauged supergravity theories coupled to vector multiplets which have a cubic prepotential, the scalar manifold is then a very special Kähler manifold. When the resulting very special Kähler manifold is a homogeneous space, we find analytic solutions for static, supersymmetric AdS 4 black holes with vanishing axions. The horizon geometries of our solutions are constant curvature Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus
More on homological supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Behtash, Alireza
2018-03-01
In this work, we first solve complex Morse flow equations for the simplest case of a bosonic harmonic oscillator to discuss localization in the context of Picard-Lefschetz theory. We briefly touch on the exact non-BPS solutions of the bosonized supersymmetric quantum mechanics on algebraic geometric grounds and report that their complex phases can be accessed through the cohomology of WKB 1-form of the underlying singular spectral curve subject to necessary cohomological corrections for nonzero genus. Motivated by Picard-Lefschetz theory, we write down a general formula for the index of N =4 quantum mechanics with background R -symmetry gauge fields. We conjecture that certain symmetries of the refined Witten index and singularities of the moduli space may be used to determine the correct intersection coefficients. A few examples, where this conjecture holds, are shown in both linear and closed quivers with rank-one quiver gauge groups. The R -anomaly removal along the "Morsified" relative homology cycles also called "Lefschetz thimbles" is shown to lead to the appearance of Stokes lines. We show that the Fayet-Iliopoulos parameters appear in the intersection coefficients for the relative homology of the quiver quantum mechanics resulting from dimensional reduction of 2 d N =(2 ,2 ) gauge theory on a circle and explicitly calculate integrals along the Lefschetz thimbles in N =4 C Pk -1 model. The Stokes jumping of coefficients and its relation to wall crossing phenomena is briefly discussed. We also find that the notion of "on-the-wall" index is related to the invariant Lefschetz thimbles under Stokes phenomena. An implication of the Lefschetz thimbles in constructing knots from quiver quantum mechanics is indicated.
Supersymmetric Janus solutions in four dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bobev, Nikolay; Pilch, Krzysztof; Warner, Nicholas P.
2014-01-01
We use maximal gauged supergravity in four dimensions to construct the gravity dual of a class of supersymmetric conformal interfaces in the theory on the world-volume of multiple M2-branes. We study three classes of examples in which the (1+1)-dimensional defects preserve (4,4), (0,2) or (0,1) supersymmetry. Many of the solutions have the maximally supersymmetric AdS 4 vacuum dual to the N=8 ABJM theory on both sides of the interface. We also find new special classes of solutions including one that interpolates between the maximally supersymmetric vacuum and a conformal fixed point with N=1 supersymmetry and G 2 global symmetry. We find another solution that interpolates between two distinct conformal fixed points with N=1 supersymmetry and G 2 global symmetry. In eleven dimensions, this G 2 to G 2 solution corresponds to a domain wall across which a magnetic flux reverses orientation
Spectral properties in supersymmetric matrix models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boulton, Lyonell, E-mail: L.Boulton@hw.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics and Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Garcia del Moral, Maria Pilar, E-mail: garciamormaria@uniovi.es [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda Calvo Sotelo 18, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Restuccia, Alvaro, E-mail: arestu@usb.ve [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Apartado 89000, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Avda Calvo Sotelo 18, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)
2012-03-21
We formulate a general sufficiency criterion for discreteness of the spectrum of both supersymmmetric and non-supersymmetric theories with a fermionic contribution. This criterion allows an analysis of Hamiltonians in complete form rather than just their semiclassical limits. In such a framework we examine spectral properties of various (1+0) matrix models. We consider the BMN model of M-theory compactified on a maximally supersymmetric pp-wave background, different regularizations of the supermembrane with central charges and a non-supersymmetric model comprising a bound state of N D2 with m D0. While the first two examples have a purely discrete spectrum, the latter has a continuous spectrum with a lower end given in terms of the monopole charge.
New dualities of supersymmetric gauge theories
2016-01-01
This book reviews a number of spectacular advances that have been made in the study of supersymmetric quantum field theories in the last few years. Highlights include exact calculations of Wilson loop expectation values, and highly nontrivial quantitative checks of the long-standing electric-magnetic duality conjectures. The book starts with an introductory article presenting a survey of recent advances, aimed at a wide audience with a background and interest in theoretical physics. The following articles are written for advanced students and researchers in quantum field theory, string theory and mathematical physics, our goal being to familiarize these readers with the forefront of current research. The topics covered include recent advances in the classification and vacuum structure of large families of N=2 supersymmetric field theories, followed by an extensive discussion of the localisation method, one of the most powerful tools for exact studies of supersymmetric field theories. The quantities that have ...
Simple perturbative renormalization scheme for supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Foda, O.E. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA). Dept. of Physics)
1983-06-30
We show that the manifestly supersymmetric and gauge-invariant results of Supersymmetric Dimensional renormalization (SDR) are reproduceable through a simple, and mathematically consistent perturbative renormalization technique, where regularization is attained via a map that deforms the momentum space Feynman integrands in a specific way. In particular, it introduces a multiplicative factor of ((p+q)/..delta..)/sup -/delta in each momentum-space loop integral, where p is the magnitude of the loop momentum, q is an arbitrary constant to be chosen as will be explained, thus compensating for loss of translation invariance in p, ..lambda.. is a renormalization mass, and delta is a suitable non-integer: the analog of epsilon in dimensional schemes. All Dirac algebra and integration are four-dimensional, and renormalization is achieved by subtracting poles in delta, followed by setting delta->O. The mathematical inconsistencies of SDR are evaded by construction, since the numbers of fermion and boson degrees of freedom remain unchanged but analytic continuation in the number of dimensions is bypassed. Thus, the technique is equally viable in component and in superfield formalisms, and all anomalies are realized. The origin of the chiral anomaly is that no choice of q satisfies both gauge and chiral Ward identities simultaneously.
A simple perturbative renormalization scheme for supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Foda, O.E.
1983-01-01
We show that the manifestly supersymmetric and gauge-invariant results of Supersymmetric Dimensional renormalization (SDR) are reproduceable through a simple, and mathematically consistent perturbative renormalization technique, where regularization is attained via a map that deforms the momentum space Feynman integrands in a specific way. In particular, it introduces a multiplicative factor of [(p+q)/δ] - delta in each momentum-space loop integral, where p is the magnitude of the loop momentum, q is an arbitrary constant to be chosen as will be explained, thus compensating for loss of translation invariance in p, #betta# is a renormalization mass, and delta is a suitable non-integer: the analog of epsilon in dimensional schemes. All Dirac algebra and integration are four-dimensional, and renormalization is achieved by subtracting poles in delta, followed by setting delta->O. The mathematical inconsistencies of SDR are evaded by construction, since the numbers of fermion and boson degrees of freedom remain unchanged but analytic continuation in the number of dimensions is bypassed. Thus, the technique is equally viable in component and in superfield formalisms, and all anomalies are realized. The origin of the chiral anomaly is that no choice of q satisfies both gauge and chiral Ward identities simultaneously. (orig.)
Supersymmetric models with broken Lorentz invariance.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marakulin Arthur
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Several supersymmetric theories with broken Lorentz invariance are considered. We study at the component level Lorentz violating representations of the supersymmetry algebra and construct Lagrangians for the scalar and vector supermultiplets with broken Lorentz invariance. Lorentz violating model for the gravitational supermultiplet is constructed using the superfield formalism as supersymmetric extension of the linearized Einstein-aether theory. The most general Lagrangian of the linearized Einstein-aether supergravity is constructed. We show that the Lagrangian for this model is unique and obtain its bosonic part in components. The constraints imposed by supersymmetry on the parameters of the theory are obtained. The phenomenological consequences of the model are discussed.
Supersymmetric Higgs boson production in Z decays
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Giudice, G.F.; Ridolfi, G.
1987-01-01
The problem of distinguishing between the standard model and the supersymmetric Higgs bosons is considered in the context of Z 0 decays. We find that, for some choices of the parameters, the branching ratio for Z 0 → H 0 γ is strongly enhanced by the exchange of supersymmetric fermions as virtual particles. This makes the study of this process at LEP very interesting, since other Z 0 branching modes into Higgs bosons, such as Z 0 → H 0 μ + μ - , are not so clearly modified by supersymmetry. (orig.)
Aspects of the supersymmetric Goldstone formalism
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lerche, W.
1985-01-01
The present thesis deal with the discussion of general properties of Goldstone excitations in global N=1 supersymmetric theories. The results can become relevant in the framework of theories which interpret quarks and leptons as composite 'quasi-Goldstone fermions'. The thesis is arranged in two main parts: the first is occupied by group-theoretical aspects, i.e. by the spectrum of supersymmetric Goldstone excitations as well as by geometrical considerations which are connected with effective Lagrangian densities. In the second main part dynamic questions like for instance mass generation are treated. For this a suitable formalism is developed. (orig.) [de
Indirect detection of heavy supersymmetric dark matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kamionkowski, M.
1991-02-01
If neutralinos reside in the galactic halo they will be captured in the Sun and annihilate therein producing high-energy neutrinos. Present limits on the flux of such neutrinos from underground detectors such as IMB and Kamiokande 2 may be used to rule out certain supersymmetric dark-matter candidates, while in many other supersymmetric models the rates are large enough that if neutralinos do reside in the galactic halo, observation of a neutrino signal may be possible in the near future. 10 refs., 2 figs
The particle interpretation of N = 1 supersymmetric spin foams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baccetti, Valentina [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E. Amaldi' , Universita degli Studi Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma (Italy); Livine, Etera R [Laboratoire de Physique, ENS Lyon, CNRS UMR 5672, 46 Allee d' Italie, 69007 Lyon (France); Ryan, James P, E-mail: baccetti@neve.fis.uniroma3.i, E-mail: etera.livine@ens-lyon.f, E-mail: james.ryan@aei.mpg.d [MPI fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany)
2010-11-21
We show that N = 1-supersymmetric BF theory in 3D leads to a supersymmetric spin foam amplitude via a lattice discretization. Furthermore, by analysing the supersymmetric quantum amplitudes, we show that they can be re-interpreted as 3D gravity coupled to embedded fermionic Feynman diagrams.
The particle interpretation of N = 1 supersymmetric spin foams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baccetti, Valentina; Livine, Etera R; Ryan, James P
2010-01-01
We show that N = 1-supersymmetric BF theory in 3D leads to a supersymmetric spin foam amplitude via a lattice discretization. Furthermore, by analysing the supersymmetric quantum amplitudes, we show that they can be re-interpreted as 3D gravity coupled to embedded fermionic Feynman diagrams.
Neutrino masses and mixing in supersymmetric theories
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
It has been known for sometime that supersymmetric theories with -parity violation provide a natural framework where small neutrino masses can be generated. We discuss neutrino masses and mixing in these theories in the presence of trilinear lepton number violating couplings. It will be shown that simultaneous ...
Supersymmetric Extension of Technicolor & Fermion Mass Generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Antola, Matti; Di Chiara, Stefano; Sannino, Francesco
2012-01-01
We provide a complete extension of Minimal Walking Technicolor able to account for the standard model fermion masses. The model is supersymmetric at energies greater or equal to the technicolor compositeness scale. We integrate out, at the supersymmetry breaking scale, the elementary Higgses. We...
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics living on topologically non ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics is constructed in a new non-Hermitian representation. Firstly, the map between the partner operators (±) is chosen antilinear. Secondly, both these components of a super-Hamiltonian H are defined along certain topologically non-trivial complex curves r(±)() which spread over ...
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics living on topologically non ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics living on topologically non-trivial Riemann surfaces. MILOSLAV ZNOJIL1,∗ and VÍT JAKUBSKÝ2. 1Nuclear Physics Institute ASCR, 250 68 Rez, Czech Republic. 2Departamento de Fısica, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Casilla 307, Santiago 2, Chile. ∗Corresponding author.
Partition functions for supersymmetric black holes
Manschot, J.
2008-01-01
This thesis presents a number of results on partition functions for four-dimensional supersymmetric black holes. These partition functions are important tools to explain the entropy of black holes from a microscopic point of view. Such a microscopic explanation was desired after the association of a
The spinorial method of classifying supersymmetric backgrounds
Gran, U.; Gutowski, J.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.
2006-01-01
We review how the classification of all supersymmetric backgrounds of IIB supergravity can be reduced to the evaluation of the Killing spinor equations and their integrability conditions, which contain the field equations, on five types of spinors. This is an extension of the work [hep-th/0503046
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics living on topologically non ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Firstly, the map between the partner operators H(±) is chosen antilinear. Secondly, both these ... and phenomenology of elementary particles where SUSY QM plays the role of a methodical guide towards our ... as one of the simplest ex- amples of supersymmetric algebra generated by the two elementary (super)charges.
Application to supersymmetric models of Dirac-kaehler formalism on the lattice
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zimerman, A.H.
1987-01-01
Using Dirac-Kaehler techniques we formulate some supersymmetric models on the lattice. Specifically we consider the Wess-Zumino model with N=2 in two dimensions which is formulated on a space lattice in its Hamiltonian version (continuous time) as well as on the space-time lattice in its Lagrangean version (euclidean space). On the space lattice (Hamiltonian formulation) we study also the supersymmetric Yanh-Mills model with N=4 in four dimensions. After the introduction of lattice covariant derivatives for fields in the adjoint representation of a compact group we write down some new relations which we have obtained and which constitute generalizations on the lattice of those which are known in the continuous case. (author) [pt
Early universe cosmology. In supersymmetric extensions of the standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baumann, Jochen Peter
2012-03-19
In this thesis we investigate possible connections between cosmological inflation and leptogenesis on the one side and particle physics on the other side. We work in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model. A key role is played by the right-handed sneutrino, the superpartner of the right-handed neutrino involved in the type I seesaw mechanism. We study a combined model of inflation and non-thermal leptogenesis that is a simple extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with conserved R-parity, where we add three right-handed neutrino super fields. The inflaton direction is given by the imaginary components of the corresponding scalar component fields, which are protected from the supergravity (SUGRA) {eta}-problem by a shift symmetry in the Kaehler potential. We discuss the model first in a globally supersymmetric (SUSY) and then in a supergravity context and compute the inflationary predictions of the model. We also study reheating and non-thermal leptogenesis in this model. A numerical simulation shows that shortly after the waterfall phase transition that ends inflation, the universe is dominated by right-handed sneutrinos and their out-of-equilibrium decay can produce the desired matter-antimatter asymmetry. Using a simplified time-averaged description, we derive analytical expressions for the model predictions. Combining the results from inflation and leptogenesis allows us to constrain the allowed parameter space from two different directions, with implications for low energy neutrino physics. As a second thread of investigation, we discuss a generalisation of the inflationary model discussed above to include gauge non-singlet fields as inflatons. This is motivated by the fact that in left-right symmetric, supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (SUSY GUTs), like SUSY Pati-Salam unification or SUSY SO(10) GUTs, the righthanded (s)neutrino is an indispensable ingredient and does not have to be put in by hand as in the MSSM. We discuss
Compound algorithm for restoration of heavy turbulence-degraded image for space target
Wang, Liang-liang; Wang, Ru-jie; Li, Ming; Kang, Zi-qian; Xu, Xiao-qin; Gao, Xin
2012-11-01
Restoration of atmospheric turbulence degraded image is needed to be solved as soon as possible in the field of astronomical space technology. Owing to the fact that the point spread function of turbulence is unknown, changeable with time, hard to be described by mathematics models, withal, kinds of noises would be brought during the imaging processes (such as sensor noise), the image for space target is edge blurred and heavy noised, which making a single restoration algorithm to reach the requirement of restoration difficult. Focusing the fact that the image for space target which was fetched during observation by ground-based optical telescopes is heavy noisy turbulence degraded, this paper discusses the adjustment and reformation of various algorithm structures as well as the selection of various parameters, after the combination of the nonlinear filter algorithm based on noise spatial characteristics, restoration algorithm of heavy turbulence degrade image for space target based on regularization, and the statistics theory based EM restoration algorithm. In order to test the validity of the algorithm, a series of restoration experiments are performed on the heavy noisy turbulence-degraded images for space target. The experiment results show that the new compound algorithm can achieve noise restriction and detail preservation simultaneously, which is effective and practical. Withal, the definition measures and relative definition measures show that the new compound algorithm is better than the traditional algorithms.
Modeling of aerodynamic Space-to-Surface flight with optimal trajectory for targeting
Gornev, Serge
2003-01-01
Modeling has been created for a Space-to-Surface system defined for an optimal trajectory for targeting in terminal phase. The modeling includes models for simulation atmosphere, speed of sound, aerodynamic flight and navigation by an infrared system. The modeling simulation includes statistical analysis of the modeling results.
Perspectives of direct detection of supersymmetric dark matter in the NMSSM
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
C. Beskidt
2017-08-01
Full Text Available In the Next-to-Minimal-Supersymmetric-Standard-Model (NMSSM the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP is a candidate for the dark matter (DM in the universe. It is a mixture from the various gauginos and Higgsinos and can be bino-, Higgsino- or singlino-dominated. Singlino-dominated LSPs can have very low cross sections below the neutrino background from coherent neutrino scattering which is limiting the sensitivity of future direct DM search experiments. However, previous studies suggested that the combination of both, the spin-dependent (SD and spin-independent (SI searches are sensitive in complementary regions of parameter space, so considering both searches will allow to explore practically the whole parameter space of the NMSSM. In this letter, the different scenarios are investigated with a new scanning technique, which reveals that significant regions of the NMSSM parameter space cannot be explored, even if one considers both, SI and SD, searches.
Small numbers in supersymmetric theories of nature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graesser, Michael Lawrence [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
1999-05-01
The Standard Model of particle interactions is a successful theory for describing the interactions of quarks, leptons and gauge bosons at microscopic distance scales. Despite these successes, the theory contains many unsatisfactory features. The origin of particle masses is a central mystery that has eluded experimental elucidation. In the Standard Model the known particles obtain their mass from the condensate of the so-called Higgs particle. Quantum corrections to the Higgs mass require an unnatural fine tuning in the Higgs mass of one part in 10^{-32} to obtain the correct mass scale of electroweak physics. In addition, the origin of the vast hierarchy between the mass scales of the electroweak and quantum gravity physics is not explained in the current theory. Supersymmetric extensions to the Standard Model are not plagued by this fine tuning issue and may therefore be relevant in Nature. In the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model there is also a natural explanation for electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories also correctly predict a parameter of the Standard Model. This provides non-trivial indirect evidence for these theories. The most general supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model however, is excluded by many physical processes, such as rare flavor changing processes, and the non-observation of the instability of the proton. These processes provide important information about the possible structure such a theory. In particular, certain parameters in this theory must be rather small. A physics explanation for why this is the case would be desirable. It is striking that the gauge couplings of the Standard Model unify if there is supersymmetry close to the weak scale. This suggests that at high energies Nature is described by a supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory. But the mass scale of unification must be introduced into the theory since it does not coincide with the probable mass scale of strong quantum gravity
Manifestly N=2 supersymmetric regularization for N=2 supersymmetric field theories
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I.L. Buchbinder
2015-12-01
Full Text Available We formulate the higher covariant derivative regularization for N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories in N=2 harmonic superspace. This regularization is constructed by adding the N=2 supersymmetric higher derivative term to the classical action and inserting the N=2 supersymmetric Pauli–Villars determinants into the generating functional for removing one-loop divergencies. Unlike all other regularization schemes in N=2 supersymmetric quantum field theory, this regularization preserves by construction the manifest N=2 supersymmetry at all steps of calculating loop corrections to the effective action. Together with N=2 supersymmetric background field method this regularization allows to calculate quantum corrections without breaking the manifest gauge symmetry and N=2 supersymmetry. Thus, we justify the assumption about existence of a regularization preserving N=2 supersymmetry, which is a key element of the N=2 non-renormalization theorem. As a result, we give the proof of the N=2 non-renormalization theorem which does not require any additional assumptions.
The gravitino problem in supersymmetric warm inflation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sánchez, Juan C. Bueno; Bastero-Gil, Mar; Berera, Arjun; Dimopoulos, Konstantinos; Kohri, Kazunori
2011-01-01
The warm inflation paradigm considers the continuous production of radiation during inflation due to dissipative effects. In its strong dissipation limit, warm inflation gives way to a radiation dominated Universe. High scale inflation then yields a high reheating temperature, which then poses a severe gravitino overproduction problem for the supersymmetric realisations of warm inflation. In this paper we show that, in a certain class of supersymmetric models, the dissipative dynamics of the inflaton is such that the field can avoid its complete decay after inflation. In some cases, the residual energy density stored in the inflaton field oscillations may come to dominate over the radiation bath at a later epoch. If the inflaton field finally decays much later than the onset of this matter dominated phase, the entropy produced from its decay may be sufficient to counteract the excess of gravitinos produced during the last stages of warm inflation
Supersymmetric Dark Matter with a Cosmological Constant
Wells, J D
1998-01-01
Recent measurements of cosmological parameters from the microwave background radiation, type Ia supernovae, and the age of globular clusters help determine the relic matter density in the universe. It is first shown with mild cosmological assumptions that the relic matter density satisfies $\\Omega_M h^2 < 0.6$ independent of the cosmological constant and independent of the SNIa data. Including the SNIa data, the constraint becomes $\\Omega_M h^2 < 0.35$. This result is then applied to supersymmetric models motivated by generic features in supergravity mediated supersymmetry breaking. The result is an upper bound on gaugino masses within reach of the LHC and a 1.5 TeV lepton collider. Thus, cosmological considerations are beginning to limit the supersymmetric mass spectra in the experimentally verifiable range without recourse to finetuning arguments, and without assuming a zero cosmological constant.
Topological solitons in the supersymmetric Skyrme model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000 (China); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, and Research and Education Center for Natural Sciences,Keio University, Hiyoshi 4-1-1, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan); Sasaki, Shin [Department of Physics, Kitasato University,Sagamihara 252-0373 (Japan)
2017-01-04
A supersymmetric extension of the Skyrme model was obtained recently, which consists of only the Skyrme term in the Nambu-Goldstone (pion) sector complemented by the same number of quasi-Nambu-Goldstone bosons. Scherk-Schwarz dimensional reduction yields a kinetic term in three or lower dimensions and a potential term in two dimensions, preserving supersymmetry. Euclidean solitons (instantons) are constructed in the supersymmetric Skyrme model. In four dimensions, the soliton is an instanton first found by Speight. Scherk-Schwarz dimensional reduction is then performed once to get a 3-dimensional theory in which a 3d Skyrmion-instanton is found and then once more to get a 2d theory in which a 2d vortex-instanton is obtained. Although the last one is a global vortex it has finite action in contrast to conventional theory. All of them are non-BPS states breaking all supersymmetries.
Invisible Decays of Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aparicio Mendez, M. del R; Guevara, J. E. Barradas; Beltran, O. Felix
2009-01-01
We study the detection of the complete spectrum of Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, through their decays into chargino (χ-tilde i ± ) and neutralinos (χ-tilde i o ), for several parametric scenarios. In the minimal supersymmetric model there are two charginos and four neutralinos, and the Higgs boson spectrum contains three neutral scalars, two CP-even (h 0 and H 0 with m H 0 >m h 0 ) and one CP-odd (A 0 , with m A 0 as a free parameter); as well as a charged pair (H ± ). An interesting signal comes from the decays of the Higgs bosons into invisible SUSY modes (h 0 , H 0 ,A 0 →χ-tilde 1 o χ-tilde 1 o ), which could be detected at present and future high energy machines.
Mapping Anomalous Currents in Supersymmetric Dualities
Abel, Steven; Komargodski, Zohar
2011-01-01
In many strongly-coupled systems, the infrared dynamics is described by different degrees of freedom from the ultraviolet. It is then natural to ask how operators written in terms of the microscopic variables are mapped to operators composed of the macroscopic ones. Certain types of operators, like conserved currents, are simple to map, and in supersymmetric theories one can also follow the chiral ring. In this note, we consider supersymmetric theories and extend the mapping to anomalous currents (and gaugino bilinears). Our technique is completely independent of subtleties associated with the renormalization group, thereby shedding new light on previous approaches to the problem. We demonstrate the UV/IR mapping in several examples with different types of dynamics, emphasizing the uniformity and simplicity of the approach. Natural applications of these ideas include the effects of soft breaking on the dynamics of various theories and new models of electroweak symmetry breaking.
On supersymmetric effective theories of axion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Higaki, Tetsutaro [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Kitano, Ryuichiro [Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2011-04-15
We study effective theories of an axion in spontaneously broken supersymmetric theories. We consider a system where the axion supermultiplet is directly coupled to a supersymmetry breaking sector whereas the standard model sector is communicated with those sectors through loops of messenger fields. The gaugino masses and the axion-gluon coupling necessary for solving the strong CP problem are both obtained by the same effective interaction. We discuss cosmological constraints on this framework. (orig.)
Dynamical supersymmetry in maximally supersymmetric gauge theories
Belyaev, Dmitry V.
2010-06-01
Maximally supersymmetric theories can be described by a single scalar superfield in light-cone superspace. When they are also (super)conformally invariant, they are uniquely specified by the form of the dynamical supersymmetry. We present an explicit derivation of the light-cone superspace form of the dynamical supersymmetry in the cases of ten- and four-dimensional super-Yang-Mills, and the three-dimensional Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson theory, starting from the covariant formulation of these theories.
Supersymmetric solutions for non-relativistic holography
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Donos, Aristomenis; Gauntlett, Jerome P.
2009-01-01
We construct families of supersymmetric solutions of type IIB and D=11 supergravity that are invariant under the non-relativistic conformal algebra for various values of dynamical exponent z≥4 and z≥3, respectively. The solutions are based on five- and seven-dimensional Sasaki-Einstein manifolds and generalise the known solutions with dynamical exponent z=4 for the type IIB case and z=3 for the D=11 case, respectively. (orig.)
Utilitarian supersymmetric gauge model of particle interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ma, Ernest
2010-01-01
A remarkabale U(1) gauge extension of the supersymmetric standard model was proposed 8 years ago. It is anomaly free, has no μ term, and conserves baryon and lepton numbers automatically. The phenomenology of a specific version of this model is discussed. In particular, leptoquarks are predicted, with couplings to the heavy singlet neutrinos, the scalar partners of which may be components of dark matter. The Majorana neutrino mass matrix itself may have two zero subdeterminants.
Supersymmetric field theories at finite temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dicus, D.A.; Tata, X.R.
1983-01-01
We show by explicit calculations to second and third order in perturbation theory, that finite temperature effects do not break the supersymmetry Ward-Takahashi identities of the Wess-Zumino model. Moreover, it is argued that this result is true to all orders in perturbation theory, and further, true for a wide class of supersymmetric theories. We point out, however, that these identities can be broken in the course of a phase transition that restores an originally broken internal symmetry
Supersymmetric Janus solutions in four dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bobev, Nikolay [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics,31 Caroline Street North, ON N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Pilch, Krzysztof [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California,Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States); Warner, Nicholas P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California,Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States); Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA Saclay,CNRS-URA 2306, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques,Le Bois-Marie, 35 route de Chartres, Bures-sur-Yvette, 91440 (France)
2014-06-10
We use maximal gauged supergravity in four dimensions to construct the gravity dual of a class of supersymmetric conformal interfaces in the theory on the world-volume of multiple M2-branes. We study three classes of examples in which the (1+1)-dimensional defects preserve (4,4), (0,2) or (0,1) supersymmetry. Many of the solutions have the maximally supersymmetric AdS{sub 4} vacuum dual to the N=8 ABJM theory on both sides of the interface. We also find new special classes of solutions including one that interpolates between the maximally supersymmetric vacuum and a conformal fixed point with N=1 supersymmetry and G{sub 2} global symmetry. We find another solution that interpolates between two distinct conformal fixed points with N=1 supersymmetry and G{sub 2} global symmetry. In eleven dimensions, this G{sub 2} to G{sub 2} solution corresponds to a domain wall across which a magnetic flux reverses orientation.
Chiral symmetry breakings in supersymmetric QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shinmura, Mamoru; Yamawaki, Koichi (Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics)
1984-05-01
It is argued that spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in supersymmetric QCD is due to the boson pair condensation
Cosmological consequences of supersymmetric flat directions
Riva, Francesco; Sarkar, Subir; Giudice, Gian
In this work we analyze various implications of the presence of large field vacum expectation values (VEVs) along supersymmetric flat direct ions during the early universe. First, we discuss supersymmetric leptogenesis and the grav itino bound. Supersym- metric thermal leptogenesis with a hierarchical right-han ded neutrino mass spectrum normally requires the mass of the lightest right-handed neu trino to be heavier than about 10 9 GeV. This is in conflict with the upper bound on the reheating t empera- ture which is found by imposing that the gravitinos generate d during the reheating stage after inflation do not jeopardize successful nucleosy nthesis. We show that a solution to this tension is actually already incorporated i n the framework, because of the presence of flat directions in the supersymmetric scalar potential. Massive right- handed neutrinos are efficiently produced non-thermally and the observed baryon asymmetry can be explained even for a reheating temperature respecting the grav- itino bound...
Supersymmetric $ADS_{5}$ Solutions of Type IIB Supergravity
Gauntlett, J P; Sparks, J; Waldram, D; Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James; Waldram, Daniel
2006-01-01
We analyse the most general bosonic supersymmetric solutions of type IIB supergravity whose metrics are warped products of five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space AdS_5 with a five-dimensional Riemannian manifold M_5. All fluxes are allowed to be non-vanishing consistent with SO(4,2) symmetry. We show that the necessary and sufficient conditions can be phrased in terms of a local identity structure on M_5. For a special class, with constant dilaton and vanishing axion, we reduce the problem to solving a second order non-linear ODE. We find an exact solution of the ODE which reproduces a solution first found by Pilch and Warner. A numerical analysis of the ODE reveals an additional class of local solutions.
Alternative approaches to maximally supersymmetric field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Broedel, Johannes
2010-01-01
The central objective of this work is the exploration and application of alternative possibilities to describe maximally supersymmetric field theories in four dimensions: N=4 super Yang-Mills theory and N=8 supergravity. While twistor string theory has been proven very useful in the context of N=4 SYM, no analogous formulation for N=8 supergravity is available. In addition to the part describing N=4 SYM theory, twistor string theory contains vertex operators corresponding to the states of N=4 conformal supergravity. Those vertex operators have to be altered in order to describe (non-conformal) Einstein supergravity. A modified version of the known open twistor string theory, including a term which breaks the conformal symmetry for the gravitational vertex operators, has been proposed recently. In a first part of the thesis structural aspects and consistency of the modified theory are discussed. Unfortunately, the majority of amplitudes can not be constructed, which can be traced back to the fact that the dimension of the moduli space of algebraic curves in twistor space is reduced in an inconsistent manner. The issue of a possible finiteness of N=8 supergravity is closely related to the question of the existence of valid counterterms in the perturbation expansion of the theory. In particular, the coefficient in front of the so-called R 4 counterterm candidate has been shown to vanish by explicit calculation. This behavior points into the direction of a symmetry not taken into account, for which the hidden on-shell E 7(7) symmetry is the prime candidate. The validity of the so-called double-soft scalar limit relation is a necessary condition for a theory exhibiting E 7(7) symmetry. By calculating the double-soft scalar limit for amplitudes derived from an N=8 supergravity action modified by an additional R 4 counterterm, one can test for possible constraints originating in the E 7(7) symmetry. In a second part of the thesis, the appropriate amplitudes are calculated
The discrete symmetries of the N=2 supersymmetric GNLS hierarchies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sorin, A.S.
1997-01-01
The discrete symmetry transformations of the N=2 supersymmetric (n,m)-GNLS hierarchy are constructed. Their bosonic limit is analyzed and new discrete symmetries of the modified GNLS hierarchy are derived. The explicit relations connecting the integrable hierarchy, produced by the junction of the Lax operators for the N=2 supersymmetric a=4 KdV and (n - 1, m)-GNLS hierarchies, to the N=2 supersymmetric (n,m)-GNLS hierarchy are established
Non-local deformation of a supersymmetric field theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhao, Qin [National University of Singapore, Department of Physics, Singapore (Singapore); Faizal, Mir [University of Lethbridge, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lethbridge (Canada); University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Irving K. Barber School of Arts and Sciences, Kelowna, BC (Canada); Shah, Mushtaq B.; Ganai, Prince A. [National Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Srinagar, Kashmir (India); Bhat, Anha [National Institute of Technology, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Srinagar (India); Zaz, Zaid [University of Kashmir, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Srinagar, Kashmir (India); Masood, Syed; Raza, Jamil; Irfan, Raja Muhammad [International Islamic University, Department of Physics, Islamabad (Pakistan)
2017-09-15
In this paper, we will analyze a supersymmetric field theory deformed by generalized uncertainty principle and Lifshitz scaling. It will be observed that this deformed supersymmetric field theory contains non-local fractional derivative terms. In order to construct such a deformed N = 1 supersymmetric theory, a harmonic extension of functions will be used. However, the supersymmetry will only be preserved for a free theory and will be broken by the inclusion of interaction terms. (orig.)
On Metastability in Supersymmetric Models
Abel, S A; Abel, Steven; Savoy, Carlos
1998-01-01
We make a critical reappraisal of `unbounded-from-below' (UFB) constraints in the MSSM and R-parity violating models. We explain why the `traditional' UFB bounds are neither necessary nor sufficient and propose, instead, a sufficient condition which ensures that there are no local minima along the flat directions. This conservative (but meaningful) condition divides the parameter space into regions which are allowed, regardless of cosmology, and regions in which cosmology is expected to play a major role. We study both conditions at low tan-beta and obtain analytic approximations to the UFB bounds for all low tan-beta (<15). Finally we show that R-parity violation just below current experimental limits avoids UFB problems by lifting the dangerous flat directions.
Studying the sensitivity of monotop probes to compressed supersymmetric scenarios at the LHC
Fuks, Benjamin; Wilcock, Alexandra
2015-01-01
We investigate the sensitivity of the Large Hadron Collider to supersymmetric setups using monotop probes in which the signal is a single top quark produced in association with missing transverse energy. Our prospective study relies on Monte Carlo simulations of 300 invfb of proton- proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV and considers both leptonic and hadronic monotop decays. We present analysis strategies sensitive to regions of the supersymmetric parameter space which feature small superparticle mass splittings and illustrate their strengths in the context of a particular set of benchmark scenarios. Finally, we compare the regions of parameter space expected to be accessible with monotops probes during the next run of the LHC to the reach of more traditional search strategies employed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations, where available.
Non-renormalization theorems andN=2 supersymmetric backgrounds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Butter, Daniel; Wit, Bernard de; Lodato, Ivano
2014-01-01
The conditions for fully supersymmetric backgrounds of general N = 2 locally supersymmetric theories are derived based on the off-shell superconformal multiplet calculus. This enables the derivation of a non-renormalization theorem for a large class of supersymmetric invariants with higher-derivative couplings. The theorem implies that the invariant and its first order variation must vanish in a fully supersymmetric background. The conjectured relation of one particular higher-derivative invariant with a specific five-dimensional invariant containing the mixed gauge-gravitational Chern-Simons term is confirmed
Supersymmetric mass spectra for gravitino dark matter with a high reheating temperature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Covi, L. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Olechowski, M.; Pokorski, S.; Turzynski, K. [Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Wells, J.D. [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics
2010-09-15
Supersymmetric theories with gravitino dark matter generally do not allow the high reheating temperature required by thermal leptogenesis without running afoul of relic abundance or big bang nucleosynthesis constraints. We report on a successful search for parameter space that does satisfy these requirements. The main implication is the near degeneracy of the gluino with the other neutralinos in the spectrum. The leading discovery channel at the LHC for this scenario is through monojet plus missing energy events. (orig.)
Chasing Ghosts in Space Radiobiology Research: The Lost Focus on Non-Targeted Effects
Cucinotta, Francis; Saganti, Premkumar; Cacao, Eliedonna
2016-07-01
The doses and dose-rates of astronaut exposures to galactic cosmic rays (GCR) are accurately known, and lead to particle hits per cell nucleus from high charge and energy (HZE) particles of much less than one hit per cell per week. A large number of experiments have shown that additivity of biological effects is a valid assumption for space radiation exposures, while experiments at higher doses and dose-rates than occur in space continue to be a focus of the majority of space radiobiology research. Furthermore HZE particle exposures with mono-energetic particles manifest themselves as a mixed-radiation field due to the contributions of delta-rays and the random impact parameter of a particles track core to DNA and non-DNA targets in cells and tissues. The mixed-field manifestation of mono-energetic HZE particle exposures is well known from theoretical studies of microdosimetry and track structure. Additional mixed-field effects occur for single species experiments due to nuclear fragmentation in particle accelerator beam-lines and biological samples along with energy straggling. In contrast to these well known aspects of space radiobiology there are many open questions on the contribution of non-targeted effects to low dose and dose-rate exposures. Non-targeted effects (NTEs) include bystander effects and genomic instability, and have been shown to be the most important outstanding question for reducing uncertainties in space radiation cancer risk assessment. The dose-rate and radiation quality dependence of NTE's has not been established, while there is an over-arching need to develop 21st century experimental models of human cancer risk. We review possible mechanisms of NTE's and how new experiments to address these issues could be designed.
Dietrich, Janet
With the start of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN it is now possible to study physics at the TeV-scale for the first time. At this unprecedented energy range it is expected that the Standard Model of particle physics will reach its limits and new phenomena can appear. One of the main goals of the ATLAS experiment is the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. This includes observing supersymmetric particles, which are predicted to have masses of several hundred GeV up to a few TeV. The subject of this thesis is the search for supersymmetric particles in final states with jets and missing transverse energy and the evaluation of the ATLAS discovery potential for supersymmetric particles in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) parameter space for these channels. Different centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 14 TeV, 10 TeV and 7 TeV are assumed. For many R-parity conserving SUSY models, the decay of supersymmetric particles leads to detector signatures characterized by missing transve...
Soluble supersymmetric quantum [ital XY] model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rana, A.E.; Girvin, S.M. (Department of Physics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States))
1993-07-01
We present a supersymmetric modification of the [ital d]-dimensional quantum rotor model whose ground state is exactly soluble. The model undergoes a vortex-binding transition from insulator to metal as the rotor coupling is varied. The Hamiltonian contains three-site terms which are relevant: they change the universality class of the transition from that of the ([ital d]+1)- to the [ital d]-dimensional classical [ital XY] model. The metallic phase has algebraic off-diagonal long-range order but the superfluid density is identically zero. Variational wave functions for single-particle and collective excitations are presented.
Beta function in supersymmetric gauge theoris
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Novikov, V.A.; Shifman, M.A.; Vajnshtejn, A.I.; Zakharov, V.I.
1985-01-01
Within the background field formalism vacuum loops in supersymmetric gauge theories are discussed. A direct connection is revealed between the absence (or presence) of high order contributions and infrared regularization. A simple explanation is given why the instanton amplitude is exhausted by one loop whilst in the standard supergraph technique the effective action contains terms of all orders in the coupling constant. Exact relation between the Gell-Mann-Low function and anomalous dimensions of matter superfields stemming from the instanton calculus are presented
Singularity Structure of Maximally Supersymmetric Scattering Amplitudes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Arkani-Hamed, Nima; Bourjaily, Jacob L.; Cachazo, Freddy
2014-01-01
We present evidence that loop amplitudes in maximally supersymmetric (N=4) Yang-Mills theory (SYM) beyond the planar limit share some of the remarkable structures of the planar theory. In particular, we show that through two loops, the four-particle amplitude in full N=4 SYM has only logarithmic ...... singularities and is free of any poles at infinity—properties closely related to uniform transcendentality and the UV finiteness of the theory. We also briefly comment on implications for maximal (N=8) supergravity theory (SUGRA)....
The collider phenomenology of supersymmetric models
Muller, David J.
Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study is to investigate the phenomenology of various supersymmetric models. First, the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is investigated. This model contains an extended Higgs sector that includes a charged boson. The effect that this charged Higgs boson has on the signatures for top quark pair production at the Tevatron is investigated. The rest of the work is devoted to the phenomenology of models with gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB). In GMSB models, the lighter stau can be the next to lightest supersymmetric particle. The signals at hadronic colliders for GMSB models with minimal visible sector content are explored for this case. A GMSB model with non-minimal visible sector content is also explored. This is the left-right symmetric GMSB model which contains doubly charged bosons and fermions that could be light enough in mass to be produced at Run II of the Tevatron. Findings and conclusions. The presence of a charged Higgs boson that is lighter than the top quark is found to have a significant impact on the expected signatures for top quark pair production at the Tevatron. This is marked by an overall decrease in high pT electrons and muons in the final states. In addition, for tan beta less than about one, the three-body decay H+→bbW leads to final states that are not present in the Standard Model. For GMSB models with the lighter stau as the next to lightest supersymmetric particle, the signature at the Tevatron typically involves two or three tau-jets plus large missing transverse energy. This tau-jet signature can be even more pronounced in left-right symmetric GMSB models due to the production of light doubly charged fermions that may couple preferentially to the third generation of leptons. The left-right models can be distinguished from GMSB models with minimal visible sector content by the distribution in angle between the highest ET tau-jets when they come from same sign tau
Effective Higgs theories in supersymmetric grand unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zheng, Sibo [Chongqing University, Department of Physics, Chongqing (China)
2017-09-15
The effective Higgs theories at the TeV scale in supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification models are systematically derived. Restricted to extensions on 5{sub H} containing the Higgs sector we show that only two types of real (vector-like) models and one type of chiral model are found to be consistent with perturbative grand unification. While the chiral model has been excluded by the LHC data, the fate of perturbative unification will be uniquely determined by the two classes of vector-like models. (orig.)
Phenomenology of Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hewett, JoAnne L.
2002-12-09
We study the phenomenology of a supersymmetric bulk in the scenario of large extra dimensions. The virtual exchange of gravitino KK states in selectron pair production in polarized e{sup +}e{sup -} collisions is examined. The leading order operator for this exchange is dimension six, in contrast to that of graviton KK exchange which induces a dimension eight operator at lowest order. Some kinematic distributions for selectron production are presented. These processes yield an enormous sensitivity to the fundamental higher dimensional Planck scale.
Espley, J. R.; Folta, D.
2017-12-01
Recent advances in propulsion technology and interplanetary navigation theoretically allow very small spacecraft to travel directly to planetary destinations from near-Earth-space. Because there are currently many launches with excess mass capability (NASA, military, and even commercial), we anticipate a dramatic increase in the number of opportunities for missions to planetary targets. Spacecraft as small as 12U CubeSats can use solar electric propulsion to travel from Earth-orbit to Mars-orbit in approximately 2-3 years. Space physics missions are particularly well suited for such mission architectures since state-of-the-art instrumentation to answer fundamental science questions can be accommodated in relatively small payload packages. For example, multi-point measurements of the martian magnetosphere, ionosphere, and crustal magnetic fields would yield important new science results regarding atmospheric escape and the geophysical history of the martian surface. These measurements could be accomplished by a pair of 12U CubeSats with world-class instruments that require only modest mass, power, and telemetry resources (e.g. Goddard's mini-fluxgate vector magnetometer).
Supersymmetric axial anomalies and the Wess-Zumino action
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Harada, K.; Shizuya, K.
1988-01-01
We derive, by an algebraic method, a manifestly supersymmetric extension of Bardeen's minimal form of axial anomalies, which obeys the Wess-Zumino consistency condition. The left-right symmetric form of the anomalies is also obtained by a reduction procedure. We construct the supersymmetric Wess-Zumino effective action and study its low-energy features. (orig.)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics for two-dimensional disk
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
The infinite square well potential in one dimension has a smooth supersymmetric partner potential which is shape invariant. In this paper, we study the generalization of this to two dimensions by constructing the supersymmetric partner of the disk billiard. We find that the property of shape invariance is lost in this case.
A new gauge for supersymmetric abelian gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smith, A.W.; Barcelos Neto, J.
1984-01-01
A new gauge for supersymmetric abelian gauge theories is presented. It is shown that this new gauge allows us to obtain terms which usually come as radiative corrections to the supersymmetric abelian gauge theories when one uses the Wess-Zumino gauge. (Author) [pt
Implications of Improved Higgs Mass Calculations for Supersymmetric Models
Buchmueller, O.; Ellis, J.; Hahn, T.; Heinemeyer, S.; Hollik, W.; Marrouche, J.; Olive, K.A.; Rzehak, H.; de Vries, K.J.; Weiglein, G.
2014-01-01
We discuss the allowed parameter spaces of supersymmetric scenarios in light of improved Higgs mass predictions provided by FeynHiggs 2.10.0. The Higgs mass predictions combine Feynman-diagrammatic results with a resummation of leading and subleading logarithmic corrections from the stop/top sector, which yield a significant improvement in the region of large stop masses. Scans in the pMSSM parameter space show that, for given values of the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, the new logarithmic contributions beyond the two-loop order implemented in FeynHiggs tend to give larger values of the light CP-even Higgs mass, M_h, in the region of large stop masses than previous predictions that were based on a fixed-order Feynman-diagrammatic result, though the differences are generally consistent with the previous estimates of theoretical uncertainties. We re-analyze the parameter spaces of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and NUHM2, taking into account also the constraints from CMS and LHCb measurements of B_s to \\mu+\\mu- and...
Implications of improved Higgs mass calculations for supersymmetric models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmueller, O. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). High Energy Physics Group; Dolan, M.J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States). Theory Group; Ellis, J. [King' s College, London (United Kingdom). Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group; and others
2014-03-15
We discuss the allowed parameter spaces of supersymmetric scenarios in light of improved Higgs mass predictions provided by FeynHiggs 2.10.0. The Higgs mass predictions combine Feynman-diagrammatic results with a resummation of leading and subleading logarithmic corrections from the stop/top sector, which yield a significant improvement in the region of large stop masses. Scans in the pMSSM parameter space show that, for given values of the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, the new logarithmic contributions beyond the two-loop order implemented in FeynHiggs tend to give larger values of the light CP-even Higgs mass, M{sub h}, in the region of large stop masses than previous predictions that were based on a fixed-order Feynman-diagrammatic result, though the differences are generally consistent with the previous estimates of theoretical uncertainties. We re-analyze the parameter spaces of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and NUHM2, taking into account also the constraints from CMS and LHCb measurements of BR(B{sub s}→μ{sup +}μ{sup -}) and ATLAS searches for E{sub T} events using 20/fb of LHC data at 8 TeV. Within the CMSSM, the Higgs mass constraint disfavours tan β
Varieties of vacua in classical supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luty, M.A.; Taylor, W. IV
1996-01-01
We give a simple description of the classical moduli space of vacua for supersymmetric gauge theories with or without a superpotential. The key ingredient in our analysis is the observation that the Lagrangian is invariant under the action of the complexified gauge group G c . From this point of view the usual D-flatness conditions are an artifact of the Wess-Zumino gauge. By using a gauge that preserves G c invariance we show that every constant matter field configuration that extremizes the superpotential is G c gauge equivalent (in a sense that we make precise) to a unique classical vacuum. This result is used to prove that in the absence of a superpotential the classical moduli space is the algebraic variety described by the set of all holomorphic gauge-invariant polynomials. When a superpotential is present, we show that the classical moduli space is a variety defined by imposing additional relations on the holomorphic polynomials. Many of these points are already contained in the existing literature. The main contribution of the present work is that we give a careful and self-contained treatment of limit points and singularities. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Implications of improved Higgs mass calculations for supersymmetric models.
Buchmueller, O; Dolan, M J; Ellis, J; Hahn, T; Heinemeyer, S; Hollik, W; Marrouche, J; Olive, K A; Rzehak, H; de Vries, K J; Weiglein, G
We discuss the allowed parameter spaces of supersymmetric scenarios in light of improved Higgs mass predictions provided by FeynHiggs 2.10.0. The Higgs mass predictions combine Feynman-diagrammatic results with a resummation of leading and subleading logarithmic corrections from the stop/top sector, which yield a significant improvement in the region of large stop masses. Scans in the pMSSM parameter space show that, for given values of the soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, the new logarithmic contributions beyond the two-loop order implemented in FeynHiggs tend to give larger values of the light CP-even Higgs mass, [Formula: see text], in the region of large stop masses than previous predictions that were based on a fixed-order Feynman-diagrammatic result, though the differences are generally consistent with the previous estimates of theoretical uncertainties. We re-analyse the parameter spaces of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and NUHM2, taking into account also the constraints from CMS and LHCb measurements of [Formula: see text]and ATLAS searches for [Formula: see text] events using 20/fb of LHC data at 8 TeV. Within the CMSSM, the Higgs mass constraint disfavours [Formula: see text], though not in the NUHM1 or NUHM2.
Precise predictions for supersymmetric particle production at the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rothering, Marcel
2016-07-01
One of the main objectives of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. Among the most promising candidates is the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) which postulates the existence of further particles. Since none of these supersymmetric particles have been found yet, their mass limits have been shifted to high values. Hence, with the available energy of the LHC they would always be produced close to their production threshold. This leads to predictions for cross sections which are characterized by the presence of dominant logarithmic terms stemming from multiple soft gluon emission. These contributions spoil the convergence of the perturbative series and require a resummation to predict reliable results in these critical kinematical phase space regions. As the attention of experimental searches has been shifted towards electroweak supersymmetric particle production at the LHC, we update in this thesis our predictions for direct slepton pair production at proton-proton collision to next-to-leading order (NLO) matched to resummation at the next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy. As a benchmark scenario we choose simplified models which have the advantage of only containing a few relevant physical parameters. They are now commonly adopted by the experimental collaborations for slepton and electroweak gaugino searches. We find that the scale dependence is drastically reduced by including NLL corrections, especially for large slepton masses. For increasing mass limits we hint towards the significance of next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic contributions to the cross section. By using modern Monte Carlo techniques we reanalyze ATLAS and CMS results for slepton searches for different assumptions about the compositions of the sleptons and their neutralino decay products. We observe similar mass limits for selectrons and smuons as both collaborations and find that masses for left-handed (right-handed) selectrons and
Renormalization of Supersymmetric QCD on the Lattice
Costa, Marios; Panagopoulos, Haralambos
2018-03-01
We perform a pilot study of the perturbative renormalization of a Supersymmetric gauge theory with matter fields on the lattice. As a specific example, we consider Supersymmetric N=1 QCD (SQCD). We study the self-energies of all particles which appear in this theory, as well as the renormalization of the coupling constant. To this end we compute, perturbatively to one-loop, the relevant two-point and three-point Green's functions using both dimensional and lattice regularizations. Our lattice formulation involves theWilson discretization for the gluino and quark fields; for gluons we employ the Wilson gauge action; for scalar fields (squarks) we use naive discretization. The gauge group that we consider is SU(Nc), while the number of colors, Nc, the number of flavors, Nf, and the gauge parameter, α, are left unspecified. We obtain analytic expressions for the renormalization factors of the coupling constant (Zg) and of the quark (ZΨ), gluon (Zu), gluino (Zλ), squark (ZA±), and ghost (Zc) fields on the lattice. We also compute the critical values of the gluino, quark and squark masses. Finally, we address the mixing which occurs among squark degrees of freedom beyond tree level: we calculate the corresponding mixing matrix which is necessary in order to disentangle the components of the squark field via an additional finite renormalization.
Inverse scattering with supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baye, Daniel; Sparenberg, Jean-Marc
2004-01-01
The application of supersymmetric quantum mechanics to the inverse scattering problem is reviewed. The main difference with standard treatments of the inverse problem lies in the simple and natural extension to potentials with singularities at the origin and with a Coulomb behaviour at infinity. The most general form of potentials which are phase-equivalent to a given potential is discussed. The use of singular potentials allows adding or removing states from the bound spectrum without contradicting the Levinson theorem. Physical applications of phase-equivalent potentials in nuclear reactions and in three-body systems are described. Derivation of a potential from the phase shift at fixed orbital momentum can also be performed with the supersymmetric inversion by using a Bargmann-type approximation of the scattering matrix or phase shift. A unique singular potential without bound states can be obtained from any phase shift. A limited number of bound states depending on the singularity can then be added. This inversion procedure is illustrated with nucleon-nucleon scattering
Toward precision holography with supersymmetric Wilson loops
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Faraggi, Alberto [Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile,Casilla 306, Santiago (Chile); Zayas, Leopoldo A. Pando [The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics,Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics,University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Silva, Guillermo A. [Instituto de Física de La Plata - CONICET & Departamento de Física - UNLP,C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Trancanelli, Diego [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo,05314-970 São Paulo (Brazil)
2016-04-11
We consider certain 1/4 BPS Wilson loop operators in SU(N)N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, whose expectation value can be computed exactly via supersymmetric localization. Holographically, these operators are mapped to fundamental strings in AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5}. The string on-shell action reproduces the large N and large coupling limit of the gauge theory expectation value and, according to the AdS/CFT correspondence, there should also be a precise match between subleading corrections to these limits. We perform a test of such match at next-to-leading order in string theory, by deriving the spectrum of quantum fluctuations around the classical string solution and by computing the corresponding 1-loop effective action. We discuss in detail the supermultiplet structure of the fluctuations. To remove a possible source of ambiguity in the ghost zero mode measure, we compare the 1/4 BPS configuration with the 1/2 BPS one, dual to a circular Wilson loop. We find a discrepancy between the string theory result and the gauge theory prediction, confirming a previous result in the literature. We are able to track the modes from which this discrepancy originates, as well as the modes that by themselves would give the expected result.
Supersymmetric relations among electromagnetic dipole operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Graesser, Michael; Thomas, Scott
2002-01-01
Supersymmetric contributions to all leptonic electromagnetic dipole operators have essentially identical diagrammatic structure. With approximate slepton universality this allows the muon anomalous magnetic moment to be related to the electron electric dipole moment in terms of supersymmetric phases, and to radiative flavor changing lepton decays in terms of small violations of slepton universality. If the current discrepancy between the measured and standard model values of the muon anomalous magnetic moment is due to supersymmetry, the current bound on the electron electric dipole moment then implies that the phase of the electric dipole operator is less than 2x10 -3 . Likewise the current bound on μ→eγ decay implies that the fractional selectron-smuon mixing in the left-left mass squared matrix, δm μ-tildee-tilde) 2 /m l-tilde) 2 , is less than 10 -4 . These relations and constraints are fairly insensitive to details of the superpartner spectrum for moderate to large tan β
Supersymmetric Extension of Non-Hermitian su(2 Hamiltonian and Supercoherent States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Omar Cherbal
2010-12-01
Full Text Available A new class of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians with real spectrum, which are written as a real linear combination of su(2 generators in the form H=ωJ_3+αJ_−+βJ_+, α≠β, is analyzed. The metrics which allows the transition to the equivalent Hermitian Hamiltonian is established. A pseudo-Hermitian supersymmetic extension of such Hamiltonians is performed. They correspond to the pseudo-Hermitian supersymmetric systems of the boson-phermion oscillators. We extend the supercoherent states formalism to such supersymmetic systems via the pseudo-unitary supersymmetric displacement operator method. The constructed family of these supercoherent states consists of two dual subfamilies that form a bi-overcomplete and bi-normal system in the boson-phermion Fock space. The states of each subfamily are eigenvectors of the boson annihilation operator and of one of the two phermion lowering operators.
The supersymmetric flavour problem in 5D GUTs and its consequences for LHC phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bruemmer, F. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Fichet, S.; Kraml, S. [CNRS/IN2P3, Grenoble (France). Lab. de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie
2011-09-15
We study supersymmetric models with a GUT-sized extra dimension, where both the Higgs fields and the SUSY breaking hidden sector are localized on a 4D brane. Exponential wave function profiles of the matter fields give rise to hierarchical structures in the Yukawa couplings and soft terms. Such structures can naturally explain hierarchical fermion masses and mixings, while at the same time alleviating the supersymmetric flavour problem. We discuss two sources of supersymmetry breaking, radion mediation and brane fields, and perform a detailed numerical analysis, thoroughly taking into account the proliferation of unknown O(1) coefficients that occurs in this class of models. It turns out that additional assumptions on supersymmetry breaking are necessary to evade the stringent experimental bounds on lepton flavour violation. The favourable regions of parameter space are then examined with regards to their LHC phenomenology. They generically feature heavy gluinos and squarks beyond current bounds. Lepton flavour violation in SUSY cascade decays can give interesting signatures. (orig.)
6j symbols for the modular double, quantum hyperbolic geometry, and supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Teschner, J.; Vartanov, G.S.
2012-02-01
We revisit the definition of the 6j-symbols from the modular double of U q (sl(2,R)), referred to as b-6j symbols. Our new results are (i) the identification of particularly natural normalization conditions, and (ii) new integral representations for this object. This is used to briefly discuss possible applications to quantum hyperbolic geometry, and to the study of certain supersymmetric gauge theories. We show, in particular, that the b-6j symbol has leading semiclassical asymptotics given by the volume of a non-ideal tetrahedron. We furthermore observe a close relation with the problem to quantize natural Darboux coordinates for moduli spaces of flat connections on Riemann surfaces related to the Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. Our new integral representations finally indicate a possible interpretation of the b-6j symbols as partition functions of three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. (orig.)
6j symbols for the modular double, quantum hyperbolic geometry, and supersymmetric gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Teschner, J.; Vartanov, G.S.
2012-02-15
We revisit the definition of the 6j-symbols from the modular double of U{sub q}(sl(2,R)), referred to as b-6j symbols. Our new results are (i) the identification of particularly natural normalization conditions, and (ii) new integral representations for this object. This is used to briefly discuss possible applications to quantum hyperbolic geometry, and to the study of certain supersymmetric gauge theories. We show, in particular, that the b-6j symbol has leading semiclassical asymptotics given by the volume of a non-ideal tetrahedron. We furthermore observe a close relation with the problem to quantize natural Darboux coordinates for moduli spaces of flat connections on Riemann surfaces related to the Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates. Our new integral representations finally indicate a possible interpretation of the b-6j symbols as partition functions of three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. (orig.)
More on non-supersymmetric asymmetric orbifolds with vanishing cosmological constant
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sugawara, Yuji; Wada, Taiki
2016-01-01
We explore various non-supersymmetric type II string vacua constructed based on asymmetric orbifolds of tori with vanishing cosmological constant at the one loop. The string vacua we present are modifications of the models studied in http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP02(2016)184, of which orbifold group is just generated by a single element. We especially focus on two types of modifications: (i) the orbifold twists include different types of chiral reflections not necessarily removing massless Rarita-Schwinger fields in the 4-dimensional space-time, (ii) the orbifold twists do not include the shift operator. We further discuss the unitarity and stability of constructed non-supersymmetric string vacua, with emphasizing the common features of them.
Size, Albedo, and Taxonomy of the Don Quijote Space Mission Target
Harris, Alan; Mueller, Michael; Fitzsimmons, Alan
2006-03-01
Rendezvous and lander missions are a very effective but very expensive way of investigating Solar-System bodies. The planning, optimization and success of space missions depends crucially on prior remotely-sensed knowledge of target bodies. Near-Earth asteroids (NEAs), which are mainly fragments of main-belt asteroids, are seen as important goals for investigation by space missions, mainly due to the role their forebears played in planet formation and the evolution of the Solar System, but also for the pragmatic reason that these objects can collide with the Earth with potentially devastating consequences. The European Space Agency is currently planning the Don Quijote mission to a NEA, which includes a rendezvous (and perhaps a lander) spacecraft and an impactor vehicle. The aim is to study the physical properties of the target asteroid and the effects of the impact on its dynamical state, as a first step in considering realistic mitigation measures against an eventual hazardous NEA. Two potential targets have been selected for the mission, the preferred one being (10302) 1989 ML, which is energetically easier to reach and is possibly a scientifically interesting primitive asteroid. However, due to the ambiguity of available spectral data, it is currently not possible to confidently determine the taxonomic type and mineralogy of this object. Crucially, the albedo is uncertain by a factor of 10, which leads to large uncertainties in the size and mass and hence the planned near-surface operations of Don Quijote. Thermal-infrared observations are urgently required for accurate size and albedo determination. These observations, which can only be carried out by Spitzer and would require only a modest amount of observing time, would enable an accurate diameter to be derived for the first time and the resulting albedo would remove the taxonomic ambiguity. The proposed Spitzer observations are critical for effective mission planning and would greatly increase our
Optimal target grasping of a flexible space manipulator for a class of objectives
Toglia, Chiara; Sabatini, Marco; Gasbarri, Paolo; Palmerini, Giovanni B.
2011-04-01
Space graspers are complex systems, composed by robotic arms placed on an orbiting platform. In order to fulfil the manoeuvres' requirements, it is necessary to properly model all the forces acting on the space robot. A fully nonlinear model is used to describe the dynamics, based on a multibody approach. The model includes the orbital motion, the gravity gradient, the aerodynamic effects, as well as the flexibility of the links. The present paper aims to design, thanks to nonlinear optimization algorithms, a class of manoeuvres that, given the same target to be grasped, are characterized by different mission objectives. The grasping mission can be performed with the objective to minimize the power consumption. Collision avoidance constraints can be also added when the target is equipped with solar panels or other appendices. In some cases, large elastic displacements should be expected, possibly leading to an inaccurate positioning of the end-effector. Therefore, different design strategies can require that the manoeuvre is accomplished with minimum vibrations' amplitude at the end-effector. Performance of the different strategies is analyzed in terms of control effort, trajectory errors, and flexible response of the manipulator.
Ocular drug delivery targeted by iontophoresis in the suprachoroidal space using a microneedle.
Jung, Jae Hwan; Chiang, Bryce; Grossniklaus, Hans E; Prausnitz, Mark R
2018-05-10
Treatment of many posterior-segment ocular indications would benefit from improved targeting of drug delivery to the back of the eye. Here, we propose the use of iontophoresis to direct delivery of negatively charged nanoparticles through the suprachoroidal space (SCS) toward the posterior pole of the eye. Injection of nanoparticles into the SCS of the rabbit eye ex vivo without iontophoresis led to a nanoparticle distribution mostly localized at the site of injection near the limbus and 9 mm from the limbus). Iontophoresis using a novel microneedle-based device increased posterior targeting with >30% of nanoparticles in the most posterior region of SCS. Posterior targeting increased with increasing iontophoresis current and increasing application time up to 3 min, but further increasing to 5 min was not better, probably due to the observed collapse of the SCS within 5 min after injection ex vivo. Reversing the direction of iontophoretic flow inhibited posterior targeting, with just ~5% of nanoparticles reaching the most posterior region of SCS. In the rabbit eye in vivo, iontophoresis at 0.14 mA for 3 min after injection of a 100 μL suspension of nanoparticles resulted in ~30% of nanoparticles delivered to the most posterior region of the SCS, which was consistent with ex vivo findings. The procedure was well tolerated, with only mild, transient tissue effects at the site of injection. We conclude that iontophoresis in the SCS using a microneedle has promise as a method to target ocular drug delivery within the eye, especially toward the posterior pole. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Ward identities in N = 1 supersymmetric SU(3 Yang-Mills theory on the lattice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ali Sajid
2018-01-01
Full Text Available The introduction of a space-time lattice as a regulator of field theories breaks symmetries associated with continuous space-time, i.e. Poincaré invariance and supersymmetry. A non-zero gluino mass in the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory causes an additional soft breaking of supersymmetry. We employ the lattice form of SUSY Ward identities, imposing that their continuum form would be recovered when removing the lattice regulator, to obtain the critical hopping parameter where broken symmetries can be recovered.
1/N perturbation theory and quantum conservation laws for supersymmetrical chiral field. 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aref'eva, I.Ya.; Krivoshchekov, V.K.; Medvedev, P.B.; Gosudarstvennyj Komitet Standartov Soveta Ministrov SSSR, Moscow; Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Moscow. Inst. Teoreticheskoj i Ehksperimental'noj Fiziki)
1980-01-01
The renormalizability of the supersymmetric chiral model (supersymmetric nonlinear σ-model) is proved in the framework of the 1/N perturbation theory expansion proposed in the previous paper. The renormalizability proof is essentially based on the quantum supersymmetric chirality condition. The supersymmetric formulation of equations of motion is given. The first non-trivial quantum conservation laws are derived
Consistency of the minimal supersymmetric GUT spectra
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aulakh, Charanjit S.
2005-01-01
We show that with proper accounting of convention-dependent phases the mass spectra evaluated by us in an earlier paper satisfy the trace, SU(5) reassembly and Goldstone counting consistency checks. Phase accounting shows that the transposition symmetry called Hermiticity will be manifest only if signs arising from the product of six phase factors are reinserted. This uncovers the errors in the claims of others (retracted in subsequent work) concerning the inconsistency of our results. The chiral multiplet spectra of the two calculations are equivalent. However our method also gives all gauge and gauge chiral spectra as well as a decomposition of all SO(10) minimal supersymmetric grand unified theory couplings, for both tensors and spinors, which are unavailable, even in principle, using the methods of the above papers
Horizontal symmetries for the supersymmetric flavor problem
Pomarol, A; Pomarol, Alex; Tommasini, Daniele
1996-01-01
The heaviness of the third family fermions and the experimental absence of large flavor violating processes suggest, in supersymmetric theories, that the three families belong to a 2+1 representation of a horizontal symmetry G_H. In this framework, we discuss a class of models based on the group U(2) that describe the fermion flavor structure and are compatible with an underlying GUT. We study the phenomenology of these models and focus on two interesting scenarios: In the first one, the first and second family scalars are assumed to be heavier than the weak scale allowing for complex soft supersymmetry breaking terms. In the second one, all the CP-violating phases are assumed to be small. Both scenarios present a rich phenomenology in agreement with constraints from flavor violating processes and electric dipole moments.
Analytic continuation of dimensions in supersymmetric localization
Gorantis, Anastasios; Minahan, Joseph A.; Naseer, Usman
2018-02-01
We compute the perturbative partition functions for gauge theories with eight supersymmetries on spheres of dimension d ≤ 5, proving a conjecture by the second author. We apply similar methods to gauge theories with four supersymmetries on spheres with d ≤ 3. The results are valid for non-integer d as well. We further propose an analytic continuation from d = 3 to d = 4 that gives the perturbative partition function for an N =1 gauge theory. The results are consistent with the free multiplets and the one-loop β-functions for general N = 1 gauge theories. We also consider the analytic continuation of an N = 1 preserving mass deformation of the maximally supersymmetric gauge theory and compare to recent holographic results for N = 1∗ super Yang-Mills. We find that the general structure for the real part of the free energy coming from the analytic continuation is consistent with the holographic results.
Branes and Six Dimensional Supersymmetric Theories
Hanany, Amihay; Hanany, Amihay; Zaffaroni, Alberto
1998-01-01
We consider configurations of sixbranes, fivebranes and eightbranes in various superstring backgrounds. These configurations give rise to $(0,1)$ supersymmetric theories in six dimensions. The condition for RR charge conservation of a brane configuration translates to the condition that the corresponding field theory is anomaly free. Sets of infinitely many models with non trivial RG fixed points at strong coupling are demonstrated. Some of them reproduce and generalise the world-volume theories of SO(32) and $E_8\\times E_8$ small instantons. All the models are shown to be connected by smooth transitions. In particular, the small instanton transition for which a tensor multiplet is traded for 29 hypermultiplets is explicitly demonstrated. The particular limit in which these theories can be considered as six dimensional string theories without gravity are discussed. New fixed points (string theories) associated with $E_n$ global symmetries are discovered by taking the strong string coupling limit.
Ten-dimensional supersymmetric Janus solutions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
D' Hoker, Eric [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Estes, John [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Gutperle, Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)]. E-mail: gutperle@physics.ucla.edu
2006-11-20
The reduced field equations and BPS conditions are derived in Type IIB supergravity for configurations of the Janus type, characterized by an AdS{sub 4}-slicing of AdS{sub 5}, and various degrees of internal symmetry and supersymmetry. A generalization of the Janus solution, which includes a varying axion along with a varying dilaton, and has SO(6) internal symmetry, but completely broken supersymmetry, is obtained analytically in terms of elliptic functions. A two-parameter family of solutions with 4 real supersymmetries, SU(3) internal symmetry, a varying axion along with a varying dilaton, and non-trivial B{sub (2)} field, is derived analytically in terms of genus 3 hyper-elliptic integrals. This supersymmetric solution is the 10-dimensional Type IIB dual to the N=1 interface super-Yang-Mills theory with SU(3) internal symmetry previously found in the literature.
Soft Supersymmetry Breaking from Coset Space Dimensional Reduction
Manousselis, P.; Zoupanos, G.
2002-03-01
A ten-dimensional supersymmetric E8 gauge theory is compactified over six-dimensional coset spaces. We find that the resulting four dimensional theory is a softly broken supersymmetric gauge theory in case the coset space is non-symmetric.
SUPERSYMMETRIC INSTANTON CALCULUS: Gauge theories with matter
Novikov, V. A.; Shifman, M. A.; Vainshtein, A. I.; Zakharov, V. I.
Within the framework of gauge SUSY theories we discuss correlation functions of the type (W2(x),S2(0)) where S is the chiral matter superfield (in the one-flavor model). SUSY implies that these correlation functions do not depend on coordinates and vanish identically in perturbation theory. We develop a technique for the systematic calculation of instanton effects. It is shown that even in the limit x → 0 the correlation functions at hand are not saturated by small-size instantons with radius ρ ˜ x; a contribution of the same order of magnitude comes from the instantons of characteristic size ρ ˜ l/v (v is the vacuum expectation value of the scalar field, and we concentrate on the models with v > Λ where Λ is the scale parameter fixing the running gauge coupling constant). If v > Λ both types of instantons can be consistently taken into account. The computational formalism proposed is explicitly supersymmetric and uses the language of instanton-associated superfields. We demonstrate, in particular, that one can proceed to a new variable, ρinv, which can be naturally considered as a supersymmetric generalization of the instanton radius. Unlike the ordinary radius ρ, this variable is invariant under the SUSY transformations. If one uses ρinv instead of ρ the expressions for the instanton contribution can be rewritten in the form saturated by the domain ρ2inv=0. The cluster decomposition as well as x-independence of the correlation functions considered turn out to be obvious in this formalism.
Flavour changing decays of Z0 in supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Ridolfi, G.
1987-01-01
The possible existence of detectable flavour-changing branching modes of the Z 0 boson is examined in the context of supersymmetric models of currrent interest. An explicit calculation shows that in the so-called minimal version of the supersymmetric standard model the branching ratios for Z 0 →banti s or tanti c are not larger than in the standard model itself and are as such unobservable. On the contrary, we find that in a recently proposed extension of the supersymmetric standard model the mode Z 0 →tanti c may be at the order of being detectable. (orig.)
Supersymmetric quantum corrections and Poisson-Lie T-duality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Assaoui, F.; Lhallabi, T.; Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste
2000-07-01
The quantum actions of the (4,4) supersymmetric non-linear sigma model and its dual in the Abelian case are constructed by using the background superfield method. The propagators of the quantum superfield and its dual and the gauge fixing actions of the original and dual (4,4) supersymmetric sigma models are determined. On the other hand, the BRST transformations are used to obtain the quantum dual action of the (4,4) supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model in the sense of Poisson-Lie T-duality. (author)
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2016-05-01
We present electric-magnetic (EM)-duality formulations for non-Abelian gauge groups with N =1 supersymmetry in D =3 +3 and 5 +5 space-time dimensions. We show that these systems generate self-dual N =1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SDSYM) theory in D =2 +2 . For a N =2 supersymmetric EM-dual system in D =3 +3 , we have the Yang-Mills multiplet (Aμ I,λA I) and a Hodge-dual multiplet (Bμν ρ I,χA I) , with an auxiliary tensors Cμν ρ σ I and Kμ ν. Here, I is the adjoint index, while A is for the doublet of S p (1 ). The EM-duality conditions are Fμν I=(1 /4 !)ɛμν ρ σ τ λGρσ τ λ I with its superpartner duality condition λA I=-χA I . Upon appropriate dimensional reduction, this system generates SDSYM in D =2 +2 . This system is further generalized to D =5 +5 with the EM-duality condition Fμν I=(1 /8 !)ɛμν ρ1⋯ρ8Gρ1⋯ρ8 I with its superpartner condition λI=-χI . Upon appropriate dimensional reduction, this theory also generates SDSYM in D =2 +2 . As long as we maintain Lorentz covariance, D =5 +5 dimensions seems to be the maximal space-time dimensions that generate SDSYM in D =2 +2 . Namely, EM-dual system in D =5 +5 serves as the Master Theory of all supersymmetric integrable models in dimensions 1 ≤D ≤3 .
High Accuracy Tracking of Space-Borne Non-Cooperative Targets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, David Arge Klevang
This dissertation is focussed on the subject of tracking non-cooperative targets, by the use of a vision based sensor. With the main goal of navigating a spacecraft or a rover. The main objective of the dissertation is to apply image processing methods to facilitate accurate and robust measurements...... the surface and to enhance the PIXL instrument's capabilities with highly accurate distance measurements. Optical observations of planetary bodies and satellites are utilized to determine the inertial position of a spacecraft. A software module is developed, tested and verified by both ground based and in...... team and processing of the captured data was recognized with two Group Achievement Awards from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. With today's advancement in autonomy, the focus is set on in-flight tracking of a non-cooperative artificial satellite with the end goal of capturing...
Supersymmetric flavor models and the B→φKS anomaly
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Agashe, Kaustubh; Carone, Christopher D.
2003-01-01
We consider the flavor structure of supersymmetric theories that can account for the deviation of the observed time-dependent CP asymmetry in B→φK S from the standard model prediction. Assuming simple flavor symmetries and effective field theory, we investigate possible correlations between sizable supersymmetric contributions to b→s transitions and to flavor changing processes that are more tightly constrained. With relatively few assumptions, we determine the properties of minimal Yukawa and soft mass textures that are compatible with the desired supersymmetric flavor-changing effect and constraints. We then present explicit models that are designed (at least approximately) to realize these textures. In particular, we present an Abelian model based on a single U(1) factor and a non-trivial extra-dimensional topography that can explain the CP asymmetry in B→φK S , while suppressing other supersymmetric flavor changing effects through a high degree of squark-quark alignment
Detector and trigger challenge for supersymmetrical dark matter ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. Two supersymmetrical (SUSY) dark matter scenarios are discussed to illustrate how challenging it is to detect and trigger these events out of standard model background events at a future international linear collider (ILC).
Aspects of a supersymmetric Brans-Dicke theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Catena, R.
2006-11-15
We consider a locally supersymmetric theory where the Planck mass is replaced by a dynamical superfield. This model can be thought of as the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Brans-Dicke theory (MSBD). The motivation that underlies this analysis is the research of possible connections between Dark Energy models based on Brans-Dicke-like theories and supersymmetric Dark Matter scenarios. We find that the phenomenology associated with the MSBD model is very different compared to the one of the original Brans-Dicke theory: the new scalar and fermionic degrees of freedom do not couple to matter in a universal metric way, i.e. they can not be removed from the matter sector by a Weyl rescaling of the metric. This feature could make the minimal supersymmetric extension of the BD idea phenomenologically inconsistent. (orig.)
Search for single photons from supersymmetric particle production
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fernandez, E.; Ford, W.T.; Qi, N.; Read A.L. Jr.; Smith, J.G.; Camporesi, T.; De Sangro, R.; Marini, A.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M.; Ronga, F.; Blume, H.T.; Hurst, R.B.; Venuti, J.P.; Wald, H.B.; Weinstein, R.; Band, H.R.; Gettner, M.W.; Goderre, G.P.; Meyer, O.A.; Moromisato, J.H.; Polvado, R.O.; Shambroom, W.D.; Sleeman, J.C.; von Goeler, E.; Ash, W.W.; Chadwick, G.B.; Clearwater, S.H.; Coombes, R.W.; Kaye, H.S.; Lau, K.H.; Leedy, R.E.; Lynch, H.L.; Messner, R.L.; Moss, L.J.; Muller, F.; Nelson, H.N.; Ritson, D.M.; Rosenberg, L.J.; Wiser, D.E.; Zdarko, R.W.; Groom, D.E.; Lee, H.Y.; Delfino, M.C.; Heltsley, B.K.; Johnson, J.R.; Lavine, T.L.; Maruyama, T.; Prepost, R.
1985-03-18
A search in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation for final states which contain only a single energetic photon has been performed at ..sqrt..s = 29 GeV with the MAC detector at PEP. The upper limit on an anomalous signal has been interpreted in terms of mass limits for supersymmetric particles under the assumption of radiative pair paroduction of either supersymmetric photons or neutrinos. For the supersymmetric electron (e) this limit is m/sub e/>37 GeV/c/sup 2/ at the 90% confidence level if M/sub e//sub L/ = m/sub e//sub R/ and the supersymmetric photo (gamma-tilde) has m/sub gamma-tilde/ = 0.
The N=2 supersymmetric Ward-identities on harmonic superspace
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lhallabi, T.
1986-09-01
The quantization of N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to matter hypermultiplet has been done in the harmonic superspace, by requiring BRS and anti-BRS invariance. Also the corresponding Ward-identities have been derived. (author)
Dark Matter from the Supersymmetric Custodial Triplet Model
Delgado, Antonio; Ostdiek, Bryan; Quiros, Mariano
2015-01-01
The Supersymmetric Custodial Triplet Model (SCTM) adds to the particle content of the MSSM three $SU(2)_L$ triplet chiral superfields with hypercharge $Y=(0,\\pm1)$. At the superpotential level the model respects a global $SU(2)_L \\otimes SU(2)_R$ symmetry only broken by the Yukawa interactions. The pattern of vacuum expectation values of the neutral doublet and triplet scalar fields depends on the symmetry pattern of the Higgs soft breaking masses. We study the cases where this symmetry is maintained in the Higgs sector, and when it is broken only by the two doublets attaining different vacuum expectation values. In the former case, the symmetry is spontaneously broken down to the vectorial subgroup $SU(2)_V$ and the $\\rho$ parameter is protected by the custodial symmetry. However in both situations the $\\rho$ parameter is protected at tree level, allowing for light triplet scalars with large vacuum expectation values. We find that over a large range of parameter space, a light neutralino can supply the corre...
Fractal supersymmetric QM, Geometric Probability and the Riemann Hypothesis
Castro, C
2004-01-01
The Riemann's hypothesis (RH) states that the nontrivial zeros of the Riemann zeta-function are of the form $ s_n =1/2+i\\lambda_n $. Earlier work on the RH based on supersymmetric QM, whose potential was related to the Gauss-Jacobi theta series, allows to provide the proper framework to construct the well defined algorithm to compute the probability to find a zero (an infinity of zeros) in the critical line. Geometric probability theory furnishes the answer to the very difficult question whether the probability that the RH is true is indeed equal to unity or not. To test the validity of this geometric probabilistic framework to compute the probability if the RH is true, we apply it directly to the the hyperbolic sine function $ \\sinh (s) $ case which obeys a trivial analog of the RH (the HSRH). Its zeros are equally spaced in the imaginary axis $ s_n = 0 + i n \\pi $. The geometric probability to find a zero (and an infinity of zeros) in the imaginary axis is exactly unity. We proceed with a fractal supersymme...
Euclidean supersymmetric solutions with the self-dual Weyl tensor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Masato Nozawa
2017-07-01
Full Text Available We explore the Euclidean supersymmetric solutions admitting the self-dual gauge field in the framework of N=2 minimal gauged supergravity in four dimensions. According to the classification scheme utilizing the spinorial geometry or the bilinears of Killing spinors, the general solution preserves one quarter of supersymmetry and is described by the Przanowski–Tod class with the self-dual Weyl tensor. We demonstrate that there exists an additional Killing spinor, provided the Przanowski–Tod metric admits a Killing vector that commutes with the principal one. The proof proceeds by recasting the metric into another Przanowski–Tod form. This formalism enables us to show that the self-dual Reissner–Nordström–Taub–NUT–AdS metric possesses a second Killing spinor, which has been missed over many years. We also address the supersymmetry when the Przanowski–Tod space is conformal to each of the self-dual ambi-toric Kähler metrics. It turns out that three classes of solutions are all reduced to the self-dual Carter family, by virtue of the nondegenerate Killing–Yano tensor.
Signals of Supersymmetric Lepton Flavor Violation at the LHC
Agashe, K S; Agashe, Kaustubh; Graesser, Michael
2000-01-01
In a generic supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, there will be lepton flavor violation at a neutral gaugino vertex due to misalignment between the lepton Yukawa couplings and the slepton soft masses. Sleptons produced at the LHC through the cascade decays of squarks and gluinos can give a sizable number of events with 4 leptons. This channel could give a clean signature of supersymmetric lepton flavor violation under conditions which are identified.
Second Hopf map and supersymmetric mechanics with Yang monopole
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gonzales, M.; Toppan, F.; Kuznetsova, Z.; Nersessian, F.; Yeghikyan, V.
2009-01-01
We propose to use the second Hopf map for the reduction (via SU(2) group action) of the eight-dimensional supersymmetric mechanics to five-dimensional supersymmetric systems specified by the presence of an SU(2) Yang monopole. For our purpose we develop the relevant Lagrangian reduction procedure. The reduced system is characterized by its invariance under the N = 5 or N = 4 supersymmetry generators (with or without an additional conserved BRST charge operator) which commute with the su(2) generators. (author)
Detection of low-energy antinuclei in space using an active-target particle detector
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Poeschl, Thomas; Greenwald, Daniel; Konorov, Igor; Paul, Stephan [Physics Department E18, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany); Losekamm, Martin [Physics Department E18, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany); Institute of Astronautics, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany)
2015-07-01
Measuring antimatter in space excellently probes various astrophysical processes. The abundances and energy spectra of antiparticles reveal a lot about the creation and propagation of cosmic-ray particles in the universe. Abnormalities in their spectra can reveal exotic sources or inaccuracies in our understanding of the involved processes. The measurement of antiprotons and the search for antideuterons and antihelium are optimal at low kinetic energies since background from high-energy cosmic-ray collisions is low. For this reason, we are developing an active-target particle detector capable of detecting ions and anti-ions in the energy range of 30-100 MeV per nucleon. The detector consists of 900 scintillating fibers coupled to silicon photomultipliers and is designed to operate on nanosatellites. The primary application of the detector will be the Antiproton Flux in Space (AFIS) mission, whose goal is the measurement of geomagnetically trapped antiprotons inside Earth's inner radiation belt. In this talk, we explain our particle identification technique and present results from first in-beam measurements with a prototype.
Skinnider, Michael A; Johnston, Chad W; Edgar, Robyn E; Dejong, Chris A; Merwin, Nishanth J; Rees, Philip N; Magarvey, Nathan A
2016-10-18
Microbial natural products are an evolved resource of bioactive small molecules, which form the foundation of many modern therapeutic regimes. Ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs) represent a class of natural products which have attracted extensive interest for their diverse chemical structures and potent biological activities. Genome sequencing has revealed that the vast majority of genetically encoded natural products remain unknown. Many bioinformatic resources have therefore been developed to predict the chemical structures of natural products, particularly nonribosomal peptides and polyketides, from sequence data. However, the diversity and complexity of RiPPs have challenged systematic investigation of RiPP diversity, and consequently the vast majority of genetically encoded RiPPs remain chemical "dark matter." Here, we introduce an algorithm to catalog RiPP biosynthetic gene clusters and chart genetically encoded RiPP chemical space. A global analysis of 65,421 prokaryotic genomes revealed 30,261 RiPP clusters, encoding 2,231 unique products. We further leverage the structure predictions generated by our algorithm to facilitate the genome-guided discovery of a molecule from a rare family of RiPPs. Our results provide the systematic investigation of RiPP genetic and chemical space, revealing the widespread distribution of RiPP biosynthesis throughout the prokaryotic tree of life, and provide a platform for the targeted discovery of RiPPs based on genome sequencing.
Targeted Drug Delivery in the Suprachoroidal Space by Swollen Hydrogel Pushing
Jung, Jae Hwan; Desit, Patcharin; Prausnitz, Mark R.
2018-01-01
Purpose The purpose is to target model drug particles to the posterior region of the suprachoroidal space (SCS) of the eye controlled via pushing by hydrogel swelling. Methods A particle formulation containing 1% hyaluronic acid (HA) with fluorescent polymer particles and a hydrogel formulation containing 4% HA were introduced in a single syringe as two layers without mixing, and injected sequentially into the SCS of the rabbit eye ex vivo and in vivo using a microneedle. Distribution of particles in the eye was determined by microscopy. Results During injection, the particle formulation was pushed toward the middle of the SCS by the viscous hydrogel formulation, but less than 12% of particles reached the posterior SCS. After injection, the particle formulation was pushed further toward the macula and optic nerve in the posterior SCS by hydrogel swelling and spreading. Heating the eye to 37°C, or injecting in vivo decreased viscosity and mechanical strength of the hydrogel, thereby allowing it to swell and flow further in the SCS. A high salt concentration (9% NaCl) in the hydrogel formulation further increased hydrogel swelling due to osmotic flow into the hydrogel. In this way, up to 76% of particles were delivered to the posterior SCS from an injection made near the limbus. Conclusions This study shows that model drug particles can be targeted to the posterior SCS by HA hydrogel swelling and pushing without particle functionalization or administering external driving forces. PMID:29677369
Target berthing and base reorientation of free-floating space robotic system after capturing
Xu, Wenfu; Li, Cheng; Liang, Bin; Xu, Yangsheng; Liu, Yu; Qiang, Wenyi
2009-01-01
Space robots are playing an increasingly important role in on-orbital servicing, including repairing, refueling, or de-orbiting the satellite. The target must be captured and berthed before the servicing task starts. However, the attitude of the base may lean much and needs re-orientating after capturing. In this paper, a method is proposed to berth the target, and re-orientate the base at the same time, using manipulator motion only. Firstly, the system state is formed of the attitude quaternion and joint variables, and the joint paths are parameterized by sinusoidal functions. Then, the trajectory planning is transformed to an optimization problem. The cost function, defined according to the accuracy requirements of system variables, is the function of the parameters to be determined. Finally, we solve the parameters using the particle swarm optimization algorithm. Two typical cases of the spacecraft with a 6-DOF manipulator are dynamically simulated, one is that the variation of base attitude is limited; the other is that both the base attitude and the joint rates are constrained. The simulation results verify the presented method.
A tool box for implementing supersymmetric models
Staub, Florian; Ohl, Thorsten; Porod, Werner; Speckner, Christian
2012-10-01
We present a framework for performing a comprehensive analysis of a large class of supersymmetric models, including spectrum calculation, dark matter studies and collider phenomenology. To this end, the respective model is defined in an easy and straightforward way using the Mathematica package SARAH. SARAH then generates model files for CalcHep which can be used with micrOMEGAs as well as model files for WHIZARD and O'Mega. In addition, Fortran source code for SPheno is created which facilitates the determination of the particle spectrum using two-loop renormalization group equations and one-loop corrections to the masses. As an additional feature, the generated SPheno code can write out input files suitable for use with HiggsBounds to apply bounds coming from the Higgs searches to the model. Combining all programs provides a closed chain from model building to phenomenology. Program summary Program title: SUSY Phenomenology toolbox. Catalog identifier: AEMN_v1_0. Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEMN_v1_0.html. Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland. Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html. No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 140206. No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1319681. Distribution format: tar.gz. Programming language: Autoconf, Mathematica. Computer: PC running Linux, Mac. Operating system: Linux, Mac OS. Classification: 11.6. Nature of problem: Comprehensive studies of supersymmetric models beyond the MSSM is considerably complicated by the number of different tasks that have to be accomplished, including the calculation of the mass spectrum and the implementation of the model into tools for performing collider studies, calculating the dark matter density and checking the compatibility with existing collider bounds (in particular, from the Higgs searches). Solution method: The
Locally supersymmetric D=3 non-linear sigma models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wit, B. de; Tollsten, A.K.; Nicolai, H.
1993-01-01
We study non-linear sigma models with N local supersymmetries in three space-time dimensions. For N=1 and 2 the target space of these models is riemannian or Kaehler, respectively. All N>2 theories are associated with Einstein spaces. For N=3 the target space is quaternionic, while for N=4 it generally decomposes, into two separate quaternionic spaces, associated with inequivalent supermultiplets. For N=5, 6, 8 there is a unique (symmetric) space for any given number of supermultiplets. Beyond that there are only theories based on a single supermultiplet for N=9, 10, 12 and 16, associated with coset spaces with the exceptional isometry groups F 4(-20) , E 6(-14) , E 7(-5) and E 8(+8) , respectively. For N=3 and N ≥ 5 the D=2 theories obtained by dimensional reduction are two-loop finite. (orig.)
Wong, Wang I
2017-06-01
Spatial abilities are pertinent to mathematical competence, but evidence of the space-math link has largely been confined to older samples and intrinsic spatial abilities (e.g., mental transformation). The roles of gender and affective factors are also unclear. This study examined the correlations between counting ability, mental transformation, and targeting accuracy in 182 Hong Kong preschoolers, and whether these relationships were weaker at higher spatial anxiety levels. Both spatial abilities related with counting similarly for boys and girls. Targeting accuracy also mediated the male advantage in counting. Interestingly, spatial anxiety moderated the space-math links, but differently for boys and girls. For boys, spatial abilities were irrelevant to counting at high anxiety levels; for girls, the role of anxiety on the space-math link is less clear. Results extend the evidence base of the space-math link to include an extrinsic spatial ability (targeting accuracy) and have implications for intervention programmes. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Much evidence of a space-math link in adolescent and adult samples and for intrinsic spatial abilities. What does this study add? Extended the space-math link to include both intrinsic and extrinsic spatial abilities in a preschool sample. Showed how spatial anxiety moderated the space-math link differently for boys and girls. © 2016 The British Psychological Society.
Branes and six-dimensional supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hanany, A.
1998-01-01
We consider configurations of six-branes, five-branes and eight-branes in various superstring backgrounds. These configurations give rise to (0,1) supersymmetric theories in six dimensions. The condition for RR charge conservation of a brane configuration translates to the condition that the corresponding field theory is anomaly-free. Sets of infinitely many models with non-trivial RG fixed points at strong coupling are demonstrated. Some of them reproduce and generalize the world-volume theories of SO(32) and E 8 x E 8 small instantons. All the models are shown to be connected by smooth transitions. In particular, the small instanton transition for which a tensor multiplet is traded for 29 hypermultiplets is explicitly demonstrated. The particular limit in which these theories can be considered as six-dimensional string theories without gravity are discussed. New fixed points (string theories) associated with E n global symmetries are discovered by taking the strong string coupling limit. (orig.)
Analysis of LEP Constraints on Supersymmetric Models with a Light Gravitino
Ellis, John R.; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.
1997-01-01
We propose an analysis of LEP constraints on radiative neutralino decays into a light gravitino, based on the plane of the Higgs mixing parameter mu and the SU(2) gaugino mass M_2. The preliminary LEP 2W constraints in the (mu, M_2) plane are considerably stronger than for supersymmetric models in which the lightest neutralino is stable. A significant portion of the parameter space in which chargino or selectron decay into a final state containing a light gravitino could provide an interpretation of the CDF ee gamma gamma + E_T,miss event can now excluded by the preliminary LEP 2W data.
Yamaguchi, Masahiro; Yin, Wen
2018-02-01
Discarding the prejudice about fine tuning, we propose a novel and efficient approach to identify relevant regions of fundamental parameter space in supersymmetric models with some amount of fine tuning. The essential idea is the mapping of experimental constraints at a low-energy scale, rather than the parameter sets, to those of the fundamental parameter space. Applying this method to the non-universal Higgs mass model, we identify a new interesting superparticle mass pattern where some of the first two generation squarks are light whilst the stops are kept heavy as 6 TeV. Furthermore, as another application of this method, we show that the discrepancy of the muon anomalous magnetic dipole moment can be filled by a supersymmetric contribution within the 1{σ} level of the experimental and theoretical errors, which was overlooked by previous studies due to the extremely fine tuning required.
Phenomenological study of the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Diessner, Philip
2016-01-01
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics gives a comprehensive description of numerous phenomena concerning the fundamental components of nature. Still, open questions and a clouded understanding of the underlying structure remain. Supersymmetry is a well motivated extension that may account for the observed density of dark matter in the universe and solve the hierarchy problem of the SM. The minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM) provides solutions to these challenges. Furthermore, it predicts new particles in reach of current experiments. However, the model has its own theoretical challenges and is under fire from measurements provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Nevertheless, the concept of supersymmetry has an elegance which not only shines in the MSSM. Hence, it is also of interest to examine non-minimal supersymmetric models. They have benefits similar to the MSSM and may solve its shortcomings. R-symmetry is the only global symmetry allowed that does not commutate with supersymmetry and Lorentz symmetry. Thus, extending a supersymmetric model with R-symmetry is a theoretically well motivated endeavor to achieve the complete symmetry content of a field theory. Such a model provides a natural explanation for non-discovery in the early runs of the LHC and leads to further predictions distinct from those of the MSSM. The work described in this thesis contributes to the effort by studying the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric extension of the SM (MRSSM). Important aspects of its physics and the dependence of observables on the parameter space of the MRSSM are investigated. The discovery of a scalar particle compatible with the Higgs boson of the SM at the LHC was announced in 2012. It is the first and crucial task of this thesis to understand the underlying mechanisms leading to the correct Higgs boson mass prediction in the MRSSM. Then, the relevant regions of parameter space are investigated and it is shown that they are also in agreement
Phenomenological study of the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diessner, Philip
2016-10-20
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics gives a comprehensive description of numerous phenomena concerning the fundamental components of nature. Still, open questions and a clouded understanding of the underlying structure remain. Supersymmetry is a well motivated extension that may account for the observed density of dark matter in the universe and solve the hierarchy problem of the SM. The minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM) provides solutions to these challenges. Furthermore, it predicts new particles in reach of current experiments. However, the model has its own theoretical challenges and is under fire from measurements provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Nevertheless, the concept of supersymmetry has an elegance which not only shines in the MSSM. Hence, it is also of interest to examine non-minimal supersymmetric models. They have benefits similar to the MSSM and may solve its shortcomings. R-symmetry is the only global symmetry allowed that does not commutate with supersymmetry and Lorentz symmetry. Thus, extending a supersymmetric model with R-symmetry is a theoretically well motivated endeavor to achieve the complete symmetry content of a field theory. Such a model provides a natural explanation for non-discovery in the early runs of the LHC and leads to further predictions distinct from those of the MSSM. The work described in this thesis contributes to the effort by studying the minimal R-symmetric supersymmetric extension of the SM (MRSSM). Important aspects of its physics and the dependence of observables on the parameter space of the MRSSM are investigated. The discovery of a scalar particle compatible with the Higgs boson of the SM at the LHC was announced in 2012. It is the first and crucial task of this thesis to understand the underlying mechanisms leading to the correct Higgs boson mass prediction in the MRSSM. Then, the relevant regions of parameter space are investigated and it is shown that they are also in agreement
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Devchand, C.
1994-01-01
We present a Baecklund transformation (a discrete symmetry transformation) for the self-duality equations for supersymmetric gauge theories in N-extended super-Minkowski space M 4vertical stroke 4N for an arbitrary semisimple gauge group. For the case of an A 1 gauge algebra we integrate the transformation starting with a given solution and iterating the process we construct a hierarchy of explicit solutions. (orig.)
Uniform beam distributions at the target of the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory’s beam line
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N. Tsoupas
2007-02-01
Full Text Available Errors in delivering a uniformly distributed radiation dose to biological and material samples exposed to charged particle beams are a significant problem for experimenters. In this paper, we discuss data collected on the uniform beam distributions produced for NASA’s Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL, using a method that was conceived theoretically and tested experimentally at BNL. This method [N. Tsoupas et al., Nucl. Sci. Eng. 126, 71 (1997NSENAO0029-5639] of generating uniform beam distributions on a plane normal to the beam’s direction relies only on magnetically focusing the transported beam; no collimation of the beam is required or any other type of interaction of the beam with materials other than the target material. The method compares favorably with alternative methods of producing such distributions, and it can be applied to the entire energy spectrum of charged particle beams that are delivered to the NSRL’s experiments by the Booster for the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at BNL.
Debes, Amanda K; Ali, Mohammad; Azman, Andrew S; Yunus, Mohammad; Sack, David A
2016-12-01
: Cholera remains a serious public health threat in Asia, Africa and in parts of the Americas. Three World health Organization (WHO) pre-qualified oral cholera vaccines are now available but their supply is limited, so current supplies must be administered strategically. This requires an improved understanding of disease transmission and control strategies. : We used demographics and disease surveillance data collected from 1991 to 2000 in Matlab, Bangladesh, to estimate the spatial and temporal extent of the zone of increased risk around cholera cases. Specifically, we compare the cholera incidence among individuals living close to cholera cases with that among individuals living close to those without medically-attended cholera in this rural endemic setting. : Those living within 50 m of a confirmed cholera case had 36 times (95% confidence interval: 23-56) the risk of becoming a cholera case in the first 3 days (after case presentation) compared with risk elsewhere in the community. The relative risk gradually declined in space and time, but remained significantly high up to 450 me away within 3 days of case presentation, and up to 150 m away within 23 days from the date of presentation of the case. : These findings suggest that, if conducted rapidly, vaccinating individuals living close to a case (ring vaccination) could be an efficient and effective strategy to target vaccine to a high-risk population in an endemic setting. © The Author 2016; all rights reserved. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association
On maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Movshev, M.; Schwarz, A.
2004-01-01
We consider ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (10D SUSY YM theory) and its dimensional reductions, in particular, BFSS and IKKT models. We formulate these theories using algebraic techniques based on application of differential graded Lie algebras and associative algebras as well as of more general objects, L ∞ - and A ∞ -algebras. We show that using pure spinor formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory equations of motion and isotwistor formalism one can interpret these equations as Maurer-Cartan equations for some differential Lie algebra. This statement can be used to write BV action functional of 10D SUSY YM theory in Chern-Simons form. The differential Lie algebra we constructed is closely related to differential associative algebra (Ω,∂) of (0,k)-forms on some supermanifold; the Lie algebra is tensor product of (Ω,) and matrix algebra. We construct several other algebras that are quasiisomorphic to (Ω,∂) and, therefore, also can be used to give BV formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory and its reductions. In particular, (Ω,∂) is quasiisomorphic to the algebra (B,d), constructed by Berkovits. The algebras (Ω 0 ,∂) and (B 0 ,d) obtained from (Ω,∂) and (B,d) by means of reduction to a point can be used to give a BV-formulation of IKKT model. We introduce associative algebra SYM as algebra where relations are defined as equations of motion of IKKT model and show that Koszul dual to the algebra (B 0 ,d) is quasiisomorphic to SYM
The Supersymmetric Effective Field Theory of Inflation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Delacrétaz, Luca V.; Gorbenko, Victor [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, CA 94306 (United States); Senatore, Leonardo [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, CA 94306 (United States); Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University and SLAC,Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)
2017-03-10
We construct the Supersymmetric Effective Field Theory of Inflation, that is the most general theory of inflationary fluctuations when time-translations and supersymmetry are spontaneously broken. The non-linear realization of these invariances allows us to define a complete SUGRA multiplet containing the graviton, the gravitino, the Goldstone of time translations and the Goldstino, with no auxiliary fields. Going to a unitary gauge where only the graviton and the gravitino are present, we write the most general Lagrangian built out of the fluctuations of these fields, invariant under time-dependent spatial diffeomorphisms, but softly-breaking time diffeomorphisms and gauged SUSY. With a suitable Stückelberg transformation, we introduce the Goldstone boson of time translation and the Goldstino of SUSY. No additional dynamical light field is needed. In the high energy limit, larger than the inflationary Hubble scale for the Goldstino, these fields decouple from the graviton and the gravitino, greatly simplifying the analysis in this regime. We study the phenomenology of this Lagrangian. The Goldstino can have a non-relativistic dispersion relation. Gravitino and Goldstino affect the primordial curvature perturbations at loop level. The UV modes running in the loops generate three-point functions which are degenerate with the ones coming from operators already present in the absence of supersymmetry. Their size is potentially as large as corresponding to f{sub NL}{sup equil.,orthog.}∼1 or, for particular operators, even ≫1. The non-degenerate contribution from modes of order H is estimated to be very small.
Abdallah, J.; Adam, W.; Adzic, P.; Albrecht, T.; Alderweireld, T.; Alemany-Fernandez, R.; Allmendinger, T.; Allport, P.P.; Amaldi, U.; Amapane, N.; Amato, S.; Anashkin, E.; Andreazza, A.; Andringa, S.; Anjos, N.; Antilogus, P.; Apel, W.D.; Arnoud, Y.; Ask, S.; Asman, B.; Augustin, J.E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Ballestrero, A.; Bambade, P.; Barbier, R.; Bardin, D.; Barker, G.J.; Baroncelli, A.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Becks, K.H.; Begalli, M.; Behrmann, A.; Ben-Haim, E.; Benekos, N.; Benvenuti, A.; Berat, C.; Berggren, M.; Berntzon, L.; Bertrand, D.; Besancon, M.; Besson, N.; Bloch, D.; Blom, M.; Bluj, M.; Bonesini, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Booth, P.S.L.; Borisov, G.; Botner, O.; Bouquet, B.; Bowcock, T.J.V.; Boyko, I.; Bracko, M.; Brenner, R.; Brodet, E.; Bruckman, P.; Brunet, J.M.; Bugge, L.; Buschmann, P.; Calvi, M.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Carena, F.; Castro, Nuno Filipe; Cavallo, F.; Chapkin, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Checchia, P.; Chierici, R.; Chliapnikov, P.; Chudoba, J.; Chung, S.U.; Cieslik, K.; Collins, P.; Contri, R.; Cosme, G.; Cossutti, F.; Costa, M.J.; Crennell, D.; Cuevas, J.; D'Hondt, J.; Dalmau, J.; da Silva, T.; Da Silva, W.; Della Ricca, G.; De Angelis, A.; De Boer, W.; De Clercq, C.; De Lotto, B.; De Maria, N.; De Min, A.; de Paula, L.; Di Ciaccio, L.; Di Simone, A.; Doroba, K.; Drees, J.; Dris, M.; Eigen, G.; Ekelof, T.; Ellert, M.; Elsing, M.; Espirito Santo, M.C.; Fanourakis, G.; Fassouliotis, D.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J.; Ferrer, A.; Ferro, F.; Flagmeyer, U.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Fuster, J.; Gandelman, M.; Garcia, C.; Gavillet, Ph.; Gazis, Evangelos; Gokieli, R.; Golob, B.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncalves, P.; Graziani, E.; Grosdidier, G.; Grzelak, K.; Guy, J.; Haag, C.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hamilton, K.; Haug, S.; Hauler, F.; Hedberg, V.; Hennecke, M.; Herr, H.; Hoffman, J.; Holmgren, S.O.; Holt, P.J.; Houlden, M.A.; Hultqvist, K.; Jackson, John Neil; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jeans, D.; Johansson, Erik Karl; Johansson, P.D.; Jonsson, P.; Joram, C.; Jungermann, L.; Kapusta, Frederic; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E.; Kernel, G.; Kersevan, B.P.; Kerzel, U.; Kiiskinen, A.; King, B.T.; Kjaer, N.J.; Kluit, P.; Kokkinias, P.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kouznetsov, O.; Krumstein, Z.; Kucharczyk, M.; Lamsa, J.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, Fabienne; Leinonen, L.; Leitner, R.; Lemonne, J.; Lepeltier, V.; Lesiak, T.; Liebig, W.; Liko, D.; Lipniacka, A.; Lopes, J.H.; Lopez, J.M.; Loukas, D.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; MacNaughton, J.; Malek, A.; Maltezos, S.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Marco, R.; Marechal, B.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.C.; Mariotti, C.; Markou, A.; Martinez-Rivero, C.; Masik, J.; Mastroyiannopoulos, N.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Mazzucato, F.; Mazzucato, M.; McNulty, R.; Meroni, C.; Migliore, E.; Mitaroff, W.; Mjoernmark, U.; Moa, T.; Moch, M.; Monig, Klaus; Monge, R.; Montenegro, J.; Moraes, D.; Moreno, S.; Morettini, P.; Mueller, U.; Muenich, K.; Mulders, M.; Mundim, L.; Murray, W.; Muryn, B.; Myatt, G.; Myklebust, T.; Nassiakou, M.; Navarria, F.; Nawrocki, K.; Nicolaidou, R.; Nikolenko, M.; Oblakowska-Mucha, A.; Obraztsov, V.; Olshevski, A.; Onofre, A.; Orava, R.; Osterberg, K.; Ouraou, A.; Oyanguren, A.; Paganoni, M.; Paiano, S.; Palacios, J.P.; Palka, H.; Papadopoulou, Th.D.; Pape, L.; Parkes, C.; Parodi, F.; Parzefall, U.; Passeri, A.; Passon, O.; Peralta, L.; Perepelitsa, V.; Perrotta, A.; Petrolini, A.; Piedra, J.; Pieri, L.; Pierre, F.; Pimenta, M.; Piotto, E.; Podobnik, T.; Poireau, V.; Pol, M.E.; Polok, G.; Pozdniakov, V.; Pukhaeva, N.; Pullia, A.; Rames, J.; Read, Alexander L.; Rebecchi, P.; Rehn, J.; Reid, D.; Reinhardt, R.; Renton, P.; Richard, F.; Ridky, J.; Rivero, M.; Rodriguez, D.; Romero, A.; Ronchese, P.; Roudeau, P.; Rovelli, T.; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V.; Ryabtchikov, D.; Sadovsky, A.; Salmi, L.; Salt, J.; Sander, C.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schwickerath, U.; Segar, A.; Sekulin, R.; Siebel, M.; Sisakian, A.; Smadja, G.; Smirnova, O.; Sokolov, A.; Sopczak, A.; Sosnowski, R.; Spassov, T.; Stanitzki, M.; Stocchi, A.; Strauss, J.; Stugu, B.; Szczekowski, M.; Szeptycka, M.; Szumlak, T.; Tabarelli, T.; Taffard, A.C.; Tegenfeldt, F.; Timmermans, Jan; Tkatchev, L.; Tobin, M.; Todorovova, S.; Tome, B.; Tonazzo, A.; Tortosa, P.; Travnicek, P.; Treille, D.; Tristram, G.; Trochimczuk, M.; Troncon, C.; Turluer, M.L.; Tyapkin, I.A.; Tyapkin, P.; Tzamarias, S.; Uvarov, V.; Valenti, G.; Van Dam, Piet; Van Eldik, J.; Van Lysebetten, A.; van Remortel, N.; Van Vulpen, I.; Vegni, G.; Veloso, F.; Venus, W.; Verdier, P.; Verzi, V.; Vilanova, D.; Vitale, L.; Vrba, V.; Wahlen, H.; Washbrook, A.J.; Weiser, C.; Wicke, D.; Wickens, J.; Wilkinson, G.; Winter, M.; Witek, M.; Yushchenko, O.; Zalewska, A.; Zalewski, P.; Zavrtanik, D.; Zhuravlov, V.; Zimine, N.I.; Zintchenko, A.; Zupan, M.
2004-01-01
Searches for pair-production of supersymmetric particles under the assumption of non-conservation of R-parity with a dominant LLEbar or UbarDbarDbar term have been performed using the data collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 192 up to 208 GeV. No excess of data above Standard Model expectations was observed. The results were used to constrain the MSSM parameter space and to derive limits on the masses of supersymmetric particles.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Böhm, Jan; Chudoba, Jiří; Gunther, Jaroslav; Jakoubek, Tomáš; Juránek, Vojtěch; Kepka, Oldřich; Kupčo, Alexander; Kůs, Vlastimil; Lokajíček, Miloš; Marčišovský, Michal; Mikeštíková, Marcela; Myška, Miroslav; Němeček, Stanislav; Růžička, Pavel; Schovancová, Jaroslava; Šícho, Petr; Staroba, Pavel; Svatoš, Michal; Taševský, Marek; Tic, Tomáš; Vrba, Václav
2013-01-01
Roč. 2013, č. 2 (2013), s. 1-47 ISSN 1029-8479 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08032 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : CERN * scattering * leptonic decay * Higgs particle * mass * jet * bottom * minimal supersymmetric standard model * parameter space * ATLAS Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 6.220, year: 2013
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Böhm, Jan; Chudoba, Jiří; Havránek, Miroslav; Hejbal, Jiří; Jakoubek, Tomáš; Kepka, Oldřich; Kupčo, Alexander; Kůs, Vlastimil; Lokajíček, Miloš; Lysák, Roman; Marčišovský, Michal; Mikeštíková, Marcela; Němeček, Stanislav; Šícho, Petr; Staroba, Pavel; Svatoš, Michal; Taševský, Marek; Vrba, Václav
2014-01-01
Roč. 2014, č. 11 (2014), s. 1-32 ISSN 1126-6708 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG13009 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : scattering * minimal supersymmetric standard model * parameter space * scalar particle * branching ratio * Higgs particle * ATLAS * CERN LHC Coll Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 5.618, year: 2012
Huurneman, B.; Boonstra, F.N.
2015-01-01
In typically developing children, crowding decreases with increasing age. The influence of target-distractor similarity with respect to orientation and element spacing on visual search performance was investigated in 29 school-age children with normal vision (4- to 6-year-olds [N = 16], 7- to
Supersymmetric quantum mechanical models with continuous spectrum and the Witten index
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Braden, H.W.; Macfarlane, A.J.
1985-01-01
The authors discuss supersymmetric regularisations of soluble supersymmetric quantum mechanical models with continuous parts to the energy spectra. Results include a demonstration that the Witten index changes discontinuously from zero to one upon removal of the regularisation. (author)
Higgs particles in the standard model and supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Muehlleitner, M.M.
2000-08-01
This thesis presents a theoretical analysis of the properties of the Higgs bosons in the standard model (SM) and the minimal supersymmetric extension (MSSM), which can be investigated at the LHC and e + e - linear colliders. The final goal is the reconstruction of the Higgs potential and thus the verification of the Higgs mechanism. MSSM Higgs boson production processes at future γγ colliders are calculated in several decay channels. Heavy scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs bosons can be discovered in the bb final state in the investigated mass range 200 to 800 GeV for moderate and large values of tanβ. The τ + τ - channel provides a heavy Higgs boson discovery potential for large values of tanβ. Several mechanisms that can be exploited at e + e - linear colliders for the measurement of the lifetime of a SM Higgs boson in the intermediate mass range are analysed. In the WW mode, the lifetime of Higgs scalars with masses below ∝160 GeV can be determined with an error less than 10%. The reconstruction of the Higgs potential requires the measurement of the Higgs self-couplings. The SM and MSSM trilinear Higgs self-couplings are accessible in double and triple Higgs production. A theoretical analysis is presented in the relevant channels at the LHC and e + e - linear colliders. For high luminosities, the SM trilinear Higgs self-coupling can be measured with an accuracy of 20% at a 500 GeV e + e - linear collider. The MSSM coupling among three light Higgs bosons has to be extracted from continuum production. The other trilinear Higgs couplings are measurable in a restricted range of the MSSM parameter space. At the LHC, the Hhh coupling can be probed in resonant decays. (orig.)
Precision calculations in supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Slavich, P.
2013-01-01
This dissertation is organized as follows: in the next chapter I will summarize the structure of the supersymmetric extensions of the standard model (SM), namely the MSSM (Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model) and the NMSSM (Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model), I will provide a brief overview of different patterns of SUSY (supersymmetry) breaking and discuss some issues on the renormalization of the input parameters that are common to all calculations of higher-order corrections in SUSY models. In chapter 3 I will review and describe computations on the production of MSSM Higgs bosons in gluon fusion. In chapter 4 I will review results on the radiative corrections to the Higgs boson masses in the NMSSM. In chapter 5 I will review the calculation of BR(B → X s γ in the MSSM with Minimal Flavor Violation (MFV). Finally, in chapter 6 I will briefly summarize the outlook of my future research. (author)
Non-perturbative supersymmetry anomaly in supersymmetric QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shamir, Y.
1991-03-01
The zero modes of the Dirac operator in an instanton and other topologically non-trivial backgrounds are unstable in a large class of massless or partially massless supersymmetric gauge theories. We show that under a generic perturbation of the scalar fields all zero modes become resonances, and discuss the ensuing breakdown of conventional perturbation theory. As a result, despite of the presence of massless fermions, the field theoretic tunneling amplitude is not suppressed. In massless supersymmetric QCD with N c ≤ N f the effective potential is found to be negative and monotonically increasing in the weak coupling regime for scalar VEVs which lie on the perturbatively flat directions. Consequently, massless supersymmetric QCD with N c ≤ N f exhibits a non-perturbative supersymmetry anomaly and exists in a strongly interacting phase which closely resembles ordinary QCD. The same conclusions apply if small masses are added to the lagrangian and the massless limit is smooth. (author). 21 refs, 5 figs
Democracy of internal symmetries in supersymmetrical quantum field theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopuszanski, J.T.
1981-12-01
The freedom of choice of some discrete and internal symmetries in the supersymmetric, massive, interacting quantum field theory is discussed. It is shown that the discrete symmetry consisting of changing the sign of some (not all) scalar fields is incompatible with the supersymmetric structure of the theory. It is further demonstrated that an internal symmetry which transforms only some of the fields of fixed spin leaving the other fields invariant and which acts nontrivially on the supercharges can not be admitted as a symmetry; although it can be a good internal symmetry in absence of supersymmetric covariance. Moreover, in case of a model consisting of scalar, spinor and vector fields even a symmetry which transforms all of the scalar (vector) fields leaving spinor and vector (scalar) fields unaffected is ruled out provided it acts nontrivially on some of the supercharges.
Resurgent Analysis of Localizable Observables in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Aniceto, Inês; Schiappa, Ricardo
2015-01-01
Localization methods have recently led to a plethora of new exact results in supersymmetric gauge theories, as certain observables may be computed in terms of matrix integrals. These can then be evaluated by making use of standard large N techniques, or else via perturbative expansions in the gauge coupling. Either approximation often leads to observables given in terms of asymptotic series, which need to be properly defined in order to obtain nonperturbative results. At the same time, resurgent analysis has recently been successfully applied to several problems, e.g., in quantum, field and string theories, precisely to overcome this issue and construct nonperturbative answers out of asymptotic perturbative expansions. The present work uses exact results from supersymmetric localization to address the resurgent structure of the free energy and partition function of Chern-Simons and ABJM gauge theories in three dimensions, and of N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions. For each case, the com...
Algebraic renormalization of supersymmetric gauge theories with dimensionful parameters
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Golterman, Maarten; Shamir, Yigal
2010-01-01
It is usually believed that there are no perturbative anomalies in supersymmetric gauge theories beyond the well-known chiral anomaly. In this paper we revisit this issue, because previously given arguments are incomplete. Specifically, we rule out the existence of soft anomalies, i.e., quantum violations of supersymmetric Ward identities proportional to a mass parameter in a classically supersymmetric theory. We do this by combining a previously proven theorem on the absence of hard anomalies with a spurion analysis, using the methods of algebraic renormalization. We work in the on-shell component formalism throughout. In order to deal with the nonlinearity of on-shell supersymmetry transformations, we take the spurions to be dynamical, and show how they nevertheless can be decoupled.
In-plane adaptive retrieval control for a noncooperative target by tethered space robots
Zhongjie Meng; Bingheng Wang; Panfeng Huang; Zhengxiong Liu
2016-01-01
Using tether to replace rigid arms, the tethered space robot has more flexibility and security than the traditional space robot, which gives it a wide application prospect in the satellite retrieval. After a noncooperative satellite is captured by the tethered space robot, the tethered space robot and the satellite compose a combination with uncertain mass, inertia, and tether junction position. The tether length, tether deflection, and combination attitude are coupled seriously and control i...
Supersymmetric Fits after the Higgs Discovery and Implications for Model Building
Ellis, John
2014-01-01
The data from the first run of the LHC at 7 and 8 TeV, together with the information provided by other experiments such as precision electroweak measurements, flavour measurements, the cosmological density of cold dark matter and the direct search for the scattering of dark matter particles in the LUX experiment, provide important constraints on supersymmetric models. Important information is provided by the ATLAS and CMS measurements of the mass of the Higgs boson, as well as the negative results of searches at the LHC for events with missing transverse energy accompanied by jets, and the LHCb and CMS measurements off BR($B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$). Results are presented from frequentist analyses of the parameter spaces of the CMSSM and NUHM1. The global $\\chi^2$ functions for the supersymmetric models vary slowly over most of the parameter spaces allowed by the Higgs mass and the missing transverse energy search, with best-fit values that are comparable to the $\\chi^2$ for the Standard Model. The $95\\%$ CL lower...
Weak boson fusion production of supersymmetric particles at the CERN LHC
Cho, G C; Kanzaki, J; Plehn, T; Rainwater, D L; Stelzer, T
2006-01-01
We present a complete calculation of weak boson fusion production of colorless supersymmetric particles at the LHC, using the new matrix element generator SUSY-MadGraph. The cross sections are small, generally at the attobarn level, with a few notable exceptions which might provide additional supersymmetric parameter measurements. We discuss in detail how to consistently define supersymmetric weak couplings to preserve unitarity of weak gauge boson scattering amplitudes to fermions, and derive sum rules for weak supersymmetric couplings.
Supersymmetric dark matter detection at post-LEP Benchmark points
Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Ferstl, A; Matchev, K T; Olive, Keith A; Ellis, John; Feng, Jonathan L; Ferstl, Andrew; Matchev, Konstantin T.; Olive, Keith A.
2001-01-01
We review the prospects for discovering supersymmetric dark matter in a recently proposed set of post-LEP supersymmetric benchmark scenarios. We consider direct detection through spin-independent nuclear scattering, as well as indirect detection through relic annihilations to neutrinos, photons, and positrons. We find that several of the benchmark scenarios offer good prospects for direct detection through spin-independent nuclear scattering, as well as indirect detection through muons produced by neutrinos from relic annihilations in the Sun, and photons from annihilations in the galactic center.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the lattice: I. Loop formulation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David Baumgartner
2015-05-01
Full Text Available Simulations of supersymmetric field theories on the lattice with (spontaneously broken supersymmetry suffer from a fermion sign problem related to the vanishing of the Witten index. We propose a novel approach which solves this problem in low dimensions by formulating the path integral on the lattice in terms of fermion loops. For N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics the loop formulation becomes particularly simple and in this paper – the first in a series of three – we discuss in detail the reformulation of this model in terms of fermionic and bosonic bonds for various lattice discretisations including one which is Q-exact.
The supersymmetric Higgs pseudoscalar and its production in toponium decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Giudice, G.F.; Ridolfi, G.
1987-01-01
In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model one scalar Higgs boson is forced to be lighter than the Z 0 . We consider here the bounds, imposed by supersymmetry, on the mass of the physical Higgs pseudoscalar. It turns out that, although fairly stringent limits are found, it is still conveivable that this particle is light enough to be discovered at SLC and LEP. Its production rate in toponium decay is computed and discussed in view of the bounds on the supersymmetric Higgs sector parameters. (orig.)
7D supersymmetric Yang-Mills on curved manifolds
Polydorou, Konstantina; Rocén, Andreas; Zabzine, Maxim
2017-12-01
We study 7D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on curved manifolds that admit Killing spinors. If the manifold admits at least two Killing spinors (Sasaki-Einstein manifolds) we are able to rewrite the supersymmetric theory in terms of a cohomological complex. In principle this cohomological complex makes sense for any K-contact manifold. For the case of toric Sasaki-Einstein manifolds we derive explicitly the perturbative part of the partition function and speculate about the non-perturbative part. We also briefly discuss the case of 3-Sasaki manifolds and suggest a plausible form for the full non-perturbative answer.
Two-dimensional nonlinear equations of supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Savel'ev, M.V.
1985-01-01
Supersymmetric generalization of two-dimensional nonlinear dynamical equations of gauge theories is presented. The nontrivial dynamics of a physical system in the supersymmetry and supergravity theories for (2+2)-dimensions is described by the integrable embeddings of Vsub(2/2) superspace into the flat enveloping superspace Rsub(N/M), supplied with the structure of a Lie superalgebra. An equation is derived which describes a supersymmetric generalization of the two-dimensional Toda lattice. It contains both super-Liouville and Sinh-Gordon equations
Effects of the supersymmetric phases on the neutral Higgs sector
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Demir, D.A.
1999-01-01
By using the effective potential approximation and taking into account the dominant top quark and scalar top quark loops, radiative corrections to MSSM Higgs potential are computed in the presence of the supersymmetric CP-violating phases. It is found that, the lightest Higgs scalar remains essentially CP-even as in the CP-invariant theory whereas the other two scalars are heavy and do not have definite CP properties. The supersymmetric CP-violating phases are shown to modify significantly the decay rates of the scalars to fermion pairs. (author)
Supersymmetric construction of exactly solvable potentials and nonlinear algebras
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Junker, G.; Roy, P.
1998-01-01
Using algebraic tools of supersymmetric quantum mechanics we construct classes of conditionally exactly solvable potentials being the supersymmetric partners of the linear or radial harmonic oscillator. With the help of the raising and lowering operators of these harmonic oscillators and the SUSY operators we construct ladder operators for these new conditionally solvable systems. It is found that these ladder operators together with the Hamilton operator form a nonlinear algebra which is of quadratic and cubic type for the SUSY partners of the linear and radial harmonic oscillator
Supersymmetric M-brane Solution in a Dynamical Background
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kengo Maeda
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Supersymmetry arises in certain theories of fermions coupled to gauge fields and gravity in a spacetime of 11 dimensions. The dynamical brane background has mainly been studied for the class of purely bosonic solutions only, but recent developments involving a time-dependent brane solution have made it clear that one can get more information by asking what happens on supersymmetric systems. In this proceeding, we construct an exact supersymmetric solution of a dynamical M-brane background in the 11-dimensional supergravity and investigate supersymmetry breaking, the geometric features near the singularity and the black hole horizon.
Predictions for mt and MW in minimal supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buchmueller, O.; Ellis, J.R.; Flaecher, H.; Isidori, G.
2009-12-01
Using a frequentist analysis of experimental constraints within two versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, we derive the predictions for the top quark mass, m t , and the W boson mass, m W . We find that the supersymmetric predictions for both m t and m W , obtained by incorporating all the relevant experimental information and state-of-the-art theoretical predictions, are highly compatible with the experimental values with small remaining uncertainties, yielding an improvement compared to the case of the Standard Model. (orig.)
Supersymmetric inflation, baryon asymmetry and the gravitino problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ovrut, B.A.; Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia; Steinhardt, P.J.
1984-01-01
A special class of locally supersymmetric models has been found which can produce a phase transition that meets all the conditions necessary for the inflationary universe scenario and which sets, via spontaneous supersymmetry breaking, a mass hierarchy consistent with the electroweak unification scale. In this paper we show that the same models can produce a baryon asymmetry after inflation that is consistent with astrophysical observations and can avoid the cosmological problems caused by gravitinos that appear in almost all other locally supersymmetric models. (orig.)
1/N perturbation theory and quantum conservation laws for supersymmetric chiral field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aref'eva, I.Ya.; Krivoshchekov, V.K.; Medvedev, P.B.
1978-01-01
The 1/N perturbation theory and supergraph techniques for supersymmetric chiral field (supersymmetric nonlinear σ-model) have been constructed in explicit supersymmetric form. The absence of multiple production in the leading order in 1/N expansion is demonstrated for 2→4 scattering amplitude. Quantum equations of motion have been derived and first two nontrivial quantum conservation laws are constructed
Wen, Zhuoman; Wang, Yanjie; Luo, Jun; Kuijper, Arjan; Di, Nan; Jin, Minghe
2017-07-01
When a space robotic arm deploys a payload, usually the pose between the cooperative target fixed on the payload and the hand-eye camera installed on the arm is calculated in real-time. A high-precision robust visual cooperative target localization method is proposed. Combing a circle, a line and dots as markers, a target that guarantees high detection rates is designed. Given an image, single-pixel-width smooth edges are drawn by a novel linking method. Circles are then quickly extracted using isophotes curvature. Around each circle, a square boundary in a pre-calculated proportion to the circle radius is set. In the boundary, the target is identified if certain numbers of lines exist. Based on the circle, the lines, and the target foreground and background intensities, markers are localized. Finally, the target pose is calculated by the Point-3-Perspective algorithm. The algorithm processes 8 frames per second with the target distance ranging from 0.3m to 1.5 m. It generated high-precision poses of above 97.5% on over 100,000 images regardless of camera background, target pose, illumination and motion blur. At 0.3 m, the rotation and translation errors were less than 0.015° and 0.2 mm. The proposed algorithm is very suitable for real-time visual measurement that requires high precision in aerospace.
Anderson, Leif; Carter-Journet, Katrina; Box, Neil; DiFilippo, Denise; Harrington, Sean; Jackson, David; Lutomski, Michael
2012-01-01
This paper introduces an analytical approach, Probability and Confidence Trade-space (PACT), which can be used to assess uncertainty in International Space Station (ISS) hardware sparing necessary to extend the life of the vehicle. There are several key areas under consideration in this research. We investigate what sparing confidence targets may be reasonable to ensure vehicle survivability and for completion of science on the ISS. The results of the analysis will provide a methodological basis for reassessing vehicle subsystem confidence targets. An ongoing annual analysis currently compares the probability of existing spares exceeding the total expected unit demand of the Orbital Replacement Unit (ORU) in functional hierarchies approximating the vehicle subsystems. In cases where the functional hierarchies availability does not meet subsystem confidence targets, the current sparing analysis further identifies which ORUs may require additional spares to extend the life of the ISS. The resulting probability is dependent upon hardware reliability estimates. However, the ISS hardware fleet carries considerable epistemic uncertainty (uncertainty in the knowledge of the true hardware failure rate), which does not currently factor into the annual sparing analysis. The existing confidence targets may be conservative. This paper will also discuss how confidence targets may be relaxed based on the inclusion of epistemic uncertainty for each ORU. The paper will conclude with strengths and limitations for implementing the analytical approach in sustaining the ISS through end of life, 2020 and beyond.
The spectra of supersymmetric states in string theory
Cheng, M.C.N.
2008-01-01
In this thesis we study the spectra of supersymmetric states in string theory compactifications with eight and sixteen supercharges, with special focus placed on the quantum states of black holes and the phenomenon of wall-crossing in these theories. A self-contained introduction to the relevant
Algebra of charges in the supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barcelos-Neto, J.; Das, A.; Maharana, J.
1986-03-01
We examine the algebra of the nonlocal charges in the supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model and show that they satisfy a nonlinear algebra at the tree-level. We also discuss other interesting questions like the transformation of these charges under a supersymmetry transformation and speculate that this algebra possibly continues to hold in the full quantum theory. (orig.).
On the supersymmetric non-abelian Born-Infeld action
Bergshoeff, E.A.; Roo, M. de; Sevrin, A.
2001-01-01
We review an iterative construction of the supersymmetric non-abelian Born-Infeld action. We obtain the action through second order in the field strength. Kappa-invariance fixes the ordenings which turn out to deviate from the symmetrized trace proposal.
Harmonic Superfields in N=4 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Evgeny A. Ivanov
2011-02-01
Full Text Available This is a brief survey of applications of the harmonic superspace methods to the models of N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SQM. The main focus is on a recent progress in constructing SQM models with couplings to the background non-Abelian gauge fields. Besides reviewing and systemizing the relevant results, we present some new examples and make clarifying comments.
Consistent Perturbative Fixed Point Calculations in QCD and Supersymmetric QCD
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ryttov, Thomas A.
2016-01-01
_*$ can be calculated exactly and fully scheme independently through $O(\\Delta_f^n )$ where $\\Delta_f = \\bar{N_f} - N_f$ and $N_f$ is the number of flavors and $\\bar{N}_f$ is the number of flavors above which asymptotic freedom is lost. For a supersymmetric theory the calculation preserves supersymmetry...
Charged and neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
physics pp. 759–763. Charged and neutral minimal supersymmetric standard model Higgs boson decays and measurement of tan β at the compact linear collider. E CONIAVITIS and A FERRARI∗. Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics, Uppsala University, 75121 Uppsala, Sweden. ∗E-mail: ferrari@tsl.uu.se. Abstract.
Dimensional regularization of the supersymmetric Yang-Mills model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
EgoAyan, E.Sh.
1982-01-01
A slightly modified scheme of dimensional regularization is proposed for applying to models having simple supersymmetry in Wess-Zumino gauges. It is proved that supersymmetric Ward identities are fulfilled in the Yang-Mills model with simple supersymmetry as well as in vector-like models with matter fields having simple supersymmetry
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics for two-dimensional disk
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. The infinite square well potential in one dimension has a smooth supersym- metric partner potential which is shape invariant. In this paper, we study the general- ization of this to two dimensions by constructing the supersymmetric partner of the disk billiard. We find that the property of shape invariance is lost in this ...
Stochastic variables in N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lechtenfeld, O.
1984-06-01
The stochastic structure of N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is rederived by using a previously developed method for the construction of the (nonlocal) Nicolai map. The stochastic variables correspond to the fixed points of this mapping. The relations are derived in a light cone gauge and in general covariant gauges. (orig.)
Recursive representation of Wronskians in confluent supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Schulze-Halberg, Axel
2017-01-01
A recursive form of arbitrary-order Wronskian associated with transformation functions in the confluent algorithm of supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY) is constructed. With this recursive form regularity conditions for the generated potentials can be analyzed. Moreover, as byproducts we obtain new representations of solutions to Schrödinger equations that underwent a confluent SUSY-transformation. (paper)
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at order α'3
Collinucci, Andres; Roo, Mees de; Eenink, Martijn G.C.
2002-01-01
We construct the order α'3 terms in the supersymmetric Yang-Mills action in ten dimensions for an arbitrary gauge group. The result can be expressed in terms of the structure constants of the Yang-Mills group, and is therefore independent of abelian factors. The α'3 invariant obtained here is
The confluent algorithm in second-order supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Salinas-Hernandez, E
2003-01-01
The confluent algorithm, a degenerate case of the second-order supersymmetric quantum mechanics, is studied. It is shown that the transformation function must asymptotically vanish to induce non-singular final potentials. The technique can be used to create a single level above the initial ground state energy. The method is applied to the free particle, one-soliton well and harmonic oscillator.
Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo
Springel, V.; White, S. D. M.; Frenk, C. S.; Navarro, J. F.; Jenkins, A.; Vogelsberger, M.; Wang, J.; Ludlow, A.; Helmi, A.
2008-01-01
Dark matter is the dominant form of matter in the Universe, but its nature is unknown. It is plausibly an elementary particle, perhaps the lightest supersymmetric partner of known particle species(1). In this case, annihilation of dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way should produce gamma-rays at
Detector and trigger challenge for supersymmetrical dark matter ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Two supersymmetrical (SUSY) dark matter scenarios are discussed to il- lustrate how challenging it is to detect and trigger these events out of standard model background events at a future international linear collider (ILC). Keywords. Detector; trigger; supersymmetry; dark matter. PACS Nos 13.66.Hk; 14.80.Ly; 11.30.
A mini review on CP-violating minimal supersymmetric Standard ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We discuss the present status of the Higgs sector of the CP-violating minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (CPVMSSM). In the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, the only source of CP violation is the complex phase in the Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa (CKM) matrix. By now we all know that this singlephase is ...
Effective lagrangian and mass generation in supersymmetric QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lerche, W.; Steger, H.; Luest, D.; Muenchen Univ.
1985-01-01
We calculate the electromagnetic mass shift of composite Goldstone bosons and quasi-Goldstone fermions in supersymmetric QCD for the case where supersymmetry is explicitly broken by a photino mass term. We use an effective lagrangian approach incorporating the analogues of the p and A 1 vector mesons together with vector meson dominance. (orig.)
Use of supersymmetric isospectral formalism to realistic quantum ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
symmetric approach to construct them is technically simpler. The potential ˆv(r, λ) is isospectral with the original potential v in the sense that they have identical spectra, reflection and transmission coefficients. In supersymmetric quantum me- chanics, starting from a given one-dimensional potential v(x) with n bound states.
Stationary Configurations and Geodesic Description of Supersymmetric Black Holes
Käppeli, Jürg
2003-01-01
This thesis contains a detailed study of various properties of supersymmetric black holes. In chapter I an overview over some of the fascinating aspects of black hole physics is provided. In particular, the string theory approach to black hole entropy is discussed. One of the consequences of the
Supersymmetric black holes in N = 2 supergravity theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aichelburg, P.C.
1982-01-01
We present an exact, asymptotically flat, stationary solution of the field equations of O(2) extended supergravity theory. This solution has a mass, central electric charge as well as a supercharge and constitutes the first exact, supersymmetric generalization of the black hole geometries. The solution generalizes the extreme Reissner-Nordstroem black holes. (Author)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics for two-dimensional disk
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics for two-dimensional disk. AKIRA SUZUKI1, RANABIR DUTT2 and RAJAT K BHADURI1,3. 1Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, Tokyo 162-8601, Japan. 2Department of Physics, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan 731 235, India. 3Department of Physics and ...
Supersymmetric unification in the light of neutrino mass
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Supersymmetry; -parity; Pati–Salam; left–right. ... recently developed minimal left right supersymmetric models with a renormalizable see-saw mechanism for neutrino mass to left right symmetric SUSY GUTS: in ... Author Affiliations. Charanjit S Aulakh1. Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 019, India ...
Nucleon–nucleon scattering in the light of supersymmetric quantum ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2014-05-02
May 2, 2014 ... J Bhoi, U Laha and K C Panda interest to generate supersymmetric partners of the latter and study their partner poten- tials, related physical observables etc., which have important applications in quantum scattering theory. Arnold and Mackellar [5] parametrized Hulthen potential to fit the deuteron binding.
Nucleon–nucleon scattering in the light of supersymmetric quantum ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2014-05-02
May 2, 2014 ... interest to generate supersymmetric partners of the latter and study their partner poten- tials, related physical observables etc., which have important applications in quantum scattering theory. Arnold and Mackellar [5] parametrized Hulthen potential to fit the deuteron binding energy and S-wave scattering ...
Deviations from Newton's law in supersymmetric large extra dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Callin, P.; Burgess, C.P.
2006-01-01
Deviations from Newton's inverse-squared law at the micron length scale are smoking-gun signals for models containing supersymmetric large extra dimensions (SLEDs), which have been proposed as approaches for resolving the cosmological constant problem. Just like their non-supersymmetric counterparts, SLED models predict gravity to deviate from the inverse-square law because of the advent of new dimensions at sub-millimeter scales. However SLED models differ from their non-supersymmetric counterparts in three important ways: (i) the size of the extra dimensions is fixed by the observed value of the dark energy density, making it impossible to shorten the range over which new deviations from Newton's law must be seen; (ii) supersymmetry predicts there to be more fields in the extra dimensions than just gravity, implying different types of couplings to matter and the possibility of repulsive as well as attractive interactions; and (iii) the same mechanism which is purported to keep the cosmological constant naturally small also keeps the extra-dimensional moduli effectively massless, leading to deviations from general relativity in the far infrared of the scalar-tensor form. We here explore the deviations from Newton's law which are predicted over micron distances, and show the ways in which they differ and resemble those in the non-supersymmetric case
Signatures of baryon-nonconserving Yukawa couplings in a supersymmetric theory
Bastero-Gil, Mar; Brahmachari, Biswajoy
1997-12-01
Renormalization effects of large baryon-nonconserving Yukawa couplings λ''ijkDiDjUk¯ lower the right-handed squark masses keeping the left-handed squark masses virtually untouched at the lowest order. At low energy they enhance the mass splitting between left- and right-handed squarks of the same generation as well as intergenerational mass splitting among squarks, potentially detectable in future colliders or in rare decays. The predicted mass of the lightest top squark becomes lower than the experimental bound for larger ranges of parameter space than that of the baryon-conserving case, hence, further constraining the parameter space of a supersymmetric theory when baryon violation is included.
Rebhan, A.; van Nieuwenhuizen, P.; Wimmer, R.
2003-01-01
We show that the anomalous contribution to the central charge of the (1+1)-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric kink that is required for BPS saturation at the quantum level can be linked to an analogous term in the extra momentum operator of a (2+1)-dimensional kink domain wall with spontaneous parity violation and chiral domain wall fermions. In the quantization of the domain wall, BPS saturation is preserved by nonvanishing quantum corrections to the momentum density in the extra space dimension. Dimensional reduction from 2+1 to 1+1 dimensions preserves the unbroken N=1/2 supersymmetry and turns these parity-violating contributions into the anomaly of the central charge of the supersymmetric kink. On the other hand, standard dimensional regularization by dimensional reduction from 1 to (1- ɛ) spatial dimensions, which also preserves supersymmetry, obtains the anomaly from an evanescent counterterm. We identify the anomaly in the ordinary central charge as an anomalous contribution to the divergence of the conformal central-charge current.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mayet, F
2001-09-01
A substantial body of astrophysical evidence supports the existence of non-baryonic dark matter in the universe. One of the leading dark matter candidates is the neutralino predicted by the supersymmetric extensions of the standard model of particle physics. Different detectors have been designed for the detection, either indirect or direct, of the neutralino. Related to indirect detection, the present work has been performed in the context of the AMS experiment. A precursor version of the spectrometer was flown on the space shuttle Discovery in June 1998. The detector included an Aerogel Threshold Cherenkov counter (ATC) to identify antiprotons, whose spectrum may be used to infer a neutralino signal. The analysis of the ATC data is presented including an evaluation of the flight performance and a description of the optimization of the antiproton selection. An antiproton analysis is also reported. A phenomenological study allows us to investigate the discovery potential of this indirect method. This thesis also includes the development of a new detector (MACHe3) designed for direct neutralino search using a superfluid {sup 3}He bolometer operated at ultra low temperatures. The data analysis of the prototype cell is presented. A Monte Carlo simulation has been developed, in order to optimize the detector design for direct neutralino search. These results are compared with theoretical predictions of supersymmetric models, thus highlighting the discovery potential of this detector and its complementarity with existing devices. (author)
Li, Min; Gonon, Géraldine; Buonanno, Manuela; Autsavapromporn, Narongchai; de Toledo, Sonia M; Pain, Debkumar; Azzam, Edouard I
2014-03-20
During deep space travel, astronauts are often exposed to high atomic number (Z) and high-energy (E) (high charge and high energy [HZE]) particles. On interaction with cells, these particles cause severe oxidative injury and result in unique biological responses. When cell populations are exposed to low fluences of HZE particles, a significant fraction of the cells are not traversed by a primary radiation track, and yet, oxidative stress induced in the targeted cells may spread to nearby bystander cells. The long-term effects are more complex because the oxidative effects persist in progeny of the targeted and affected bystander cells, which promote genomic instability and may increase the risk of age-related cancer and degenerative diseases. Greater understanding of the spatial and temporal features of reactive oxygen species bursts along the tracks of HZE particles, and the availability of facilities that can simulate exposure to space radiations have supported the characterization of oxidative stress from targeted and nontargeted effects. The significance of secondary radiations generated from the interaction of the primary HZE particles with biological material and the mitigating effects of antioxidants on various cellular injuries are central to understanding nontargeted effects and alleviating tissue injury. Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the cellular responses to HZE particles, particularly under reduced gravity and situations of exposure to additional radiations, such as protons, should be useful in reducing the uncertainty associated with current models for predicting long-term health risks of space radiation. These studies are also relevant to hadron therapy of cancer.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. Ireson
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this work we extend the results of previous derivations of Seiberg-like dualities (level-rank duality between gauged Wess–Zumino–Witten theories. The arguments in use to identify a potential dual for the supersymmetric WZW theory based on the coset U(N+MkU(Nk can be extended to be applied to a wider variety of gauge groups, notably USp(2N+2M2kUSp(2N2k and SO(2N+2M2kSO(2N2k, which will be dealt with briefly. Most interestingly, non-supersymmetric versions of the latter theories can also be shown to have duals in a similar fashion. These results are supported by several pieces of evidence, string phenomenological interpretations of Seiberg duality, even in non-supersymmetric backgrounds, are helpful to justify the formulation, then, from field theory, quantities such as central charges or Witten indices are shown to match exactly. The stability of these non-supersymmetric models is also discussed and shown to be consistent.
CSIR Research Space (South Africa)
Van Greunen, DG
2017-02-01
Full Text Available A series of twenty seven acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, as potential agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, were designed and synthesised based upon previously unexplored chemical space surrounding the molecular skeleton of the drug...
Levchenko, Igor; Bazaka, Kateryna; Ding, Yongjie; Raitses, Yevgeny; Mazouffre, Stéphane; Henning, Torsten; Klar, Peter J.; Shinohara, Shunjiro; Schein, Jochen; Garrigues, Laurent; Kim, Minkwan; Lev, Dan; Taccogna, Francesco; Boswell, Rod W.; Charles, Christine; Koizumi, Hiroyuki; Shen, Yan; Scharlemann, Carsten; Keidar, Michael; Xu, Shuyan
2018-03-01
Rapid evolution of miniaturized, automatic, robotized, function-centered devices has redefined space technology, bringing closer the realization of most ambitious interplanetary missions and intense near-Earth space exploration. Small unmanned satellites and probes are now being launched in hundreds at a time, resurrecting a dream of satellite constellations, i.e., wide, all-covering networks of small satellites capable of forming universal multifunctional, intelligent platforms for global communication, navigation, ubiquitous data mining, Earth observation, and many other functions, which was once doomed by the extraordinary cost of such systems. The ingression of novel nanostructured materials provided a solid base that enabled the advancement of these affordable systems in aspects of power, instrumentation, and communication. However, absence of efficient and reliable thrust systems with the capacity to support precise maneuvering of small satellites and CubeSats over long periods of deployment remains a real stumbling block both for the deployment of large satellite systems and for further exploration of deep space using a new generation of spacecraft. The last few years have seen tremendous global efforts to develop various miniaturized space thrusters, with great success stories. Yet, there are critical challenges that still face the space technology. These have been outlined at an inaugural International Workshop on Micropropulsion and Cubesats, MPCS-2017, a joint effort between Plasma Sources and Application Centre/Space Propulsion Centre (Singapore) and the Micropropulsion and Nanotechnology Lab, the G. Washington University (USA) devoted to miniaturized space propulsion systems, and hosted by CNR-Nanotec—P.Las.M.I. lab in Bari, Italy. This focused review aims to highlight the most promising developments reported at MPCS-2017 by leading world-reputed experts in miniaturized space propulsion systems. Recent advances in several major types of small
Non-Targeted Effects and LET: Considerations for Earth and Space Research
Sowa, Marianne B.
2016-01-01
It is evident from reports in the literature that there are many confounding factors that are capable of modulating radiation-induced non-targeted responses such as the bystander effect and the adaptive response. It has even been suggested that the observation of non-targeted responses may not be universally observable for differing radiation qualities. Dr. William Morgan made many contributions to the study of radiation induced non-targeted effects and it is indeed this area of research where we first began our collaboration more than a decade ago. In this presentation, I will discuss elements of this journey together with a particular emphasis on the role of LET in non-targeted effects.
Target acquisition dynamics with application to the rendezvous radar of the Space Shuttle orbiter
Kassem, A. M.; McQuillan, W. F.
1982-08-01
A statistical approach is used in formulating the transition from search to automatic angle tracking for search and tracking radars. The angular separation between the target position and the antenna line of sight following detection is derived as a function of both target and system parameters. Using a simple computer program, the probability density function of the angular separation at the end of the acquisition phase is found as a function of both target and system parameters. The results can then be used to develop specifications for the antenna control servo for established limits on target angular rates so as to obtain a high probability of successful transition from search to automatic angle tracking.
Rammensee, Michael
The Standard Model of particle physics (SM) is very successful in describing elementary particles and their interactions. The recent discovery of a new boson at the LHC continues this successful story as it is compatible with the last undiscovered particle in the SM, the Higgs boson. However, the SM has limitations such as the hierarchy problem or the missing dark matter candidate. One of the extensions to the SM includes a new space-time symmetry, called Supersymmetry (SUSY), resulting in a symmetry between fermions and bosons. In most phenomenological SUSY models the production of supersymmetric particles at the LHC is dominated by squark-squark, squark-anti-squark, squark-gluino and gluino-gluino pair production. Squarks are the super-partners to quarks and gluinos the super-partners to the gluons. These particles decay subsequently into the lightest supersymmetric particle which does not interact with detector material. Thus the striking signature for such a pair production of supersymmetric particles in ...
PREFACE: Progress in supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Aref'eva, I.; Fernández, D. J.; Hussin, V.; Negro, J.; Nieto, L. M.; Samsonov, B. F.
2004-10-01
The theory of integrable systems is grounded in the very beginning of theoretical physics: Kepler's system is an integrable system. This field of dynamical systems, where one looks for exact solutions of the equations of motion, has attracted most of the great figures in mathematical physics: Euler, Lagrange, Jacobi, etc. Liouville was the first to formulate the precise mathematical conditions ensuring solvability `by quadrature' of the dynamical equations, and his theorem still lies at the heart of the recent developments. The modern era started about thirty years ago with the systematic formulation of soliton solutions to nonlinear wave equations. Since then, impressive developments arose both for the classical and the quantum theory. Subtle mathematical techniques were devised for the resolution of these theories, relying on algebra (group theory), analysis and algebraic geometry (Riemann theory of surfaces). We therefore clearly see that the theory of integrable systems lies ab initio at a crossing of physics and mathematics, and that the developments of these last thirty years have strengthened this dual character, which makes it into an archetypal domain of mathematical physics. As regards the classical theory, beyond the direct connections to the various domains of classical soliton physics (hydrodynamics, condensed matter physics, laser optics, particle physics, plasma, biology or information coding), one has witnessed in these recent years more unexpected (and for some of them not yet well understood) connections to a priori farther fields of theoretical physics: string theory (through matrix models), topological field theories (two dimensional Yang--Mills, three dimensional Chern--Simons--Witten), or supersymmetric field theories (for instance the correspondence discovered by Seiberg and Witten between classical integrable models and quantum potentials). Quantum integrable theories provide examples of exactly (non perturbatively) solvable physical models
In-plane adaptive retrieval control for a noncooperative target by tethered space robots
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhongjie Meng
2016-09-01
Full Text Available Using tether to replace rigid arms, the tethered space robot has more flexibility and security than the traditional space robot, which gives it a wide application prospect in the satellite retrieval. After a noncooperative satellite is captured by the tethered space robot, the tethered space robot and the satellite compose a combination with uncertain mass, inertia, and tether junction position. The tether length, tether deflection, and combination attitude are coupled seriously and control inputs are strictly limited, which make the retrieval of tethered space robot very difficult. First, a retrieval dynamic model of in-plane motion is derived using Lagrangian method. Then, in order to solve the uncertainty problems of dynamics parameters, an adaptive controller and its parameter updating law are proposed using the dynamic inversion theory. Moreover, an anti-windup strategy with auxiliary variables is derived to compensate the limited control inputs. Simulation results validate the feasibility of the proposed adaptive anti-windup control method. The noncooperative satellite is retrieved along the desired trajectory effectively.
Searching supersymmetric leptonic partner at the CERN LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ke, Jiwei; Luo, Ming-Xing [Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China); Shan, Lian-You [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, Kai, E-mail: wangkai1@zju.edu.cn [Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China); Wang, Liucheng [Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics and Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China)
2013-01-29
Motivated by the observed excess of the di-photon signal in Higgs searches, {sigma}{sub {gamma}{gamma}}/{sigma}{sub SM} Asymptotically-Equal-To 1.5, we argue that models with enhanced {Gamma}(h{yields}{gamma}{gamma}) alone are the most favorable scenarios when the latest LHC/Tevatron results are all taken into account. We study the phenomenology of a supersymmetric scenario of light stau that predicts a 125 GeV SM-like Higgs boson with enhanced di-photon decay through light stau loops. Since it is extremely challenging to search the Drell-Yan stau pair at the LHC due to the small production rate, we focus on the parameter space with enhanced production of inclusive stau pairs, in particular, via bb{sup Macron} fusion or gaugino pairs. We study its phenomenology in both pure leptonic tau {tau}{sub Script-Small-L }{sup {+-}} channels and hadronic tau tagged {tau}{sub h} channels. We find the same-sign dilepton from {chi}{sup -tilde}{sub 1}{sup {+-}}{chi}{sup -tilde}{sub 2}{sup 0}{yields}{tau}{sub Script-Small-L }{sup {+-}}{tau}{sub Script-Small-L }{sup {+-}}+X may significantly improve the discovery potential with even 7-8 TeV LHC of O(30 fb{sup -1}) data. In the case of hadronic tau pair, we use the final state j+{tau}{sub h}{tau}{sub h}+E/{sub T} to search and find that even with the most optimistic region of M{sub 2}{approx}200-300 GeV, it requires at least 50 fb{sup -1} data of 14 TeV LHC to reach a significance of 3.5{sigma}. Therefore, we conclude it is difficult to claim discovery only through hadronic tau based on the data by the 2012 shut-down. 5{sigma} reach for our most optimistic region then requires 100 fb{sup -1} data with 14 TeV running.
Spectral properties of supersymmetric shape invariant potentials
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
cubic spline smoothing, just to get rid of Nav, such that the new energy sequence xi has a constant mean spacing. Then calculate p(s) distribution from this unfolded spectrum. In figure 1, we plot p(s) for different potentials. We try with different sets of parameters, keeping the restriction as mentioned in table 1. For Morse and.
Supersymmetric higher derivative couplings and their applications
Lodato, I.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/357520890
2014-01-01
After an elementary introduction on black hole physics, supersymmetry and effective theories, which motivates the importance of higher derivative couplings in supergravity, we give an exhaustive treatment of the covariant phase space formalism with many examples explicitly worked out. This sets the
Extended model of raw data signals for space-time adaptive processing and moving target indicators
Lidický, L.; Hoogeboom, P.
2006-01-01
This paper presents a multi-channel synthetic aperture radar (SAR) signal model. Its purpose is to study nonstationary raw SAR signals in moving target indication (MTI) systems. This is opposed to the traditional approach in which only stationary (harmonic) signals are considered. The principal
Supersymmetric electro-weak effects on gsub(μ)-2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yuan, T.C.; Arnowitt, R.; Chamseddine, A.H.; Nath, P.
1984-01-01
A model independent analysis of the supersymmetric electroweak contribution to gsub(μ)-2 is discussed within the framework of N=1 Supergravity unified theory. A detailed comparison with existing experiment of two models (R.G. and T.B.) is carried out. The supersymmetric electro-weak contributions are found to be characteristically different and generally larger than the electro-weak contributions of the standard theory, and in many cases significantly larger. Effects of the hidden sector and the photino mass dependence of gsub(μ)-2 are also investigated. Present data already eliminates some choices of parameters. Reduction of existing experimental errors by a factor of 3 will make contact with most R.G. models and by a factor of 10 with most T.B. models. (orig.)
SCYNet. Testing supersymmetric models at the LHC with neural networks
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bechtle, Philip; Belkner, Sebastian; Hamer, Matthias [Universitaet Bonn, Bonn (Germany); Dercks, Daniel [Universitaet Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany); Keller, Tim; Kraemer, Michael; Sarrazin, Bjoern; Schuette-Engel, Jan; Tattersall, Jamie [RWTH Aachen University, Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology, Aachen (Germany)
2017-10-15
SCYNet (SUSY Calculating Yield Net) is a tool for testing supersymmetric models against LHC data. It uses neural network regression for a fast evaluation of the profile likelihood ratio. Two neural network approaches have been developed: one network has been trained using the parameters of the 11-dimensional phenomenological Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (pMSSM-11) as an input and evaluates the corresponding profile likelihood ratio within milliseconds. It can thus be used in global pMSSM-11 fits without time penalty. In the second approach, the neural network has been trained using model-independent signature-related objects, such as energies and particle multiplicities, which were estimated from the parameters of a given new physics model. (orig.)
Supersymmetric Gödel Universes in string theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Harmark, Troels; Takayanagi, Tadashi
2003-01-01
Supersymmetric backgrounds in string and M-theory of the Gödel Universe type are studied. We find several new Gödel Universes that preserve up to 20 supersymmetries. In particular, we obtain an interesting Gödel Universe in M-theory with 18 supersymmetries which does not seem to be dual to a pp......-wave. We show that not only T-duality but also the type-IIA/M-theory S-duality can give supersymmetric Gödel Universes from pp-waves. We find solutions that can interpolate between Gödel Universes and pp-waves. We also compute the string spectrum on two type IIA Gödel Universes. Furthermore, we obtain...
Higher-order predictions for supersymmetric particle decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Landwehr, Ananda Demian Patrick
2012-06-12
We analyze particle decays including radiative corrections at the next-to-leading order (NLO) within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). If the MSSM is realized at the TeV scale, squark and gluino production and decays yield relevant rates at the LHC. Hence, in the first part of this thesis, we compute decay widths including QCD and electroweak NLO corrections to squark and gluino decays. Furthermore, the Higgs sector of the MSSM is enhanced compared to the one of the Standard Model. Thus, the additional Higgs bosons decay also into supersymmetric particles. These decays and the according NLO corrections are analyzed in the second part of this thesis. The calculations are performed within a common renormalization framework and numerically evaluated in specific benchmark scenarios.
Extended Jackiw-Pi model and its supersymmetrization
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2015-07-01
We present an extended version of the so-called Jackiw-Pi (JP) model in three dimensions, and perform its supersymmetrization. Our field content has three multiplets: (i) Yang-Mills vector multiplet (AIμ ,λI), (ii) Parity-odd extra vector multiplet (BIμ ,χI), and (iii) Scalar multiplet (CI ,ρI ;fI). The bosonic fields in these multiplets are the same as the original JP-model, except for the auxiliary field fI which is new, while the fermions λI, χI and ρI are their super-partners. The basic difference from the original JP-model is the presence of the kinetic term for CI with its modified field-strength HIμ ≡DμCI + mBIμ. The inclusion of the CI-kinetic term is to comply with the recently-developed tensor hierarchy formulation for supersymmetrization.
Extended Jackiw–Pi model and its supersymmetrization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hitoshi Nishino
2015-07-01
Full Text Available We present an extended version of the so-called Jackiw–Pi (JP model in three dimensions, and perform its supersymmetrization. Our field content has three multiplets: (i Yang–Mills vector multiplet (AμI,λI, (ii Parity-odd extra vector multiplet (BμI,χI, and (iii Scalar multiplet (CI,ρI;fI. The bosonic fields in these multiplets are the same as the original JP-model, except for the auxiliary field fI which is new, while the fermions λI, χI and ρI are their super-partners. The basic difference from the original JP-model is the presence of the kinetic term for CI with its modified field-strength HμI≡DμCI+mBμI. The inclusion of the CI-kinetic term is to comply with the recently-developed tensor hierarchy formulation for supersymmetrization.
F-theory Yukawa couplings and supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oikonomou, V.K.
2012-01-01
The localized fermions on the intersection curve Σ of D7-branes, are connected to a N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics algebra. Due to this algebra the fields obey a global U(1) symmetry. This symmetry restricts the proton decay operators and the neutrino mass terms. Particularly, we find that several proton decay operators are forbidden and the Majorana mass term is the only one allowed in the theory. A special SUSY QM algebra is studied at the end of the paper. In addition we study the impact of a non-trivial holomorphic metric perturbation on the localized solutions along each matter curve. Moreover, we study the connection of the localized solutions to an N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics algebra when background fluxes are turned on.
High-temperature expansion of supersymmetric partition functions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ardehali, Arash Arabi; Liu, James T. [Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Randall Laboratory of Physics,The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1040 (United States); Szepietowski, Phillip [Institute for Theoretical Physics & Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands)
2015-07-22
Di Pietro and Komargodski have recently demonstrated a four-dimensional counterpart of Cardy’s formula, which gives the leading high-temperature (β→0) behavior of supersymmetric partition functions Z{sup SUSY}(β). Focusing on superconformal theories, we elaborate on the subleading contributions to their formula when applied to free chiral and U(1) vector multiplets. In particular, we see that the high-temperature expansion of ln Z{sup SUSY}(β) terminates at order β{sup 0}. We also demonstrate how their formula must be modified when applied to SU(N) toric quiver gauge theories in the planar (N→∞) limit. Our method for regularizing the one-loop determinants of chiral and vector multiplets helps to clarify the relation between the 4d N=1 superconformal index and its corresponding supersymmetric partition function obtained by path-integration.
Deformed supersymmetric gauge theories from the fluxtrap background
Orlando, Domenico
2013-01-01
The fluxtrap background of string theory provides a transparent and algorithmic way of constructing supersymmetric gauge theories with both mass and Omega-type deformations in various dimensions. In this article, we review a number of deformed supersymmetric gauge theories in two and four dimensions which can be obtained via the fluxtrap background from string or M-theory. Such theories, the most well-known being Omega-deformed super Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions, have met with a lot of interest in the recent literature. The string theory treatment offers many new avenues of analysis and applications, such as for example the study of the gravity duals for deformed N=4 gauge theories.
Supersymmetric standard model from the heterotic string (II)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buchmueller, W. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Hamaguchi, K. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Lebedev, O.; Ratz, M. [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.
2006-06-15
We describe in detail a Z{sub 6} orbifold compactification of the heterotic E{sub 8} x E{sub 8} string which leads to the (supersymmetric) standard model gauge group and matter content. The quarks and leptons appear as three 16-plets of SO(10), two of which are localized at fixed points with local SO(10) symmetry. The model has supersymmetric vacua without exotics at low energies and is consistent with gauge coupling unification. Supersymmetry can be broken via gaugino condensation in the hidden sector. The model has large vacuum degeneracy. Certain vacua with approximate B-L symmetry have attractive phenomenological features. The top quark Yukawa coupling arises from gauge interactions and is of the order of the gauge couplings. The other Yukawa couplings are suppressed by powers of standard model singlet fields, similarly to the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism. (Orig.)
Witten index in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smilga, A.V.
1985-01-01
The Witten index I/sub W/ is calculated in a supersymmetric SU(2) Yang-Mills theory, by representing I/sub W/ in the form of a functional integral. Our result I/sub W/ = 1 disagrees with Witten's result I/sub W/ = N for the group SU(N). The principal physical conclusion of Witten regarding the non-violation of supersymmetry in this theory remains unchanged
Signatures of baryogenesis in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Murayama, Hitoshi; Pierce, Aaron
2003-01-01
We reexamine the electroweak baryogenesis within the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, studying its potential collider signatures. We find that this mechanism of baryogenesis does not give a new CP violating signal at the B factories. The first circumstantial evidence may come from enhanced B s or B d mixing. If a light right-handed scalar top quark and Higgs boson are found as required, a linear collider represents the best possibility for confirming the scenario
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics, phase equivalence, and low energy scattering anomalies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amado, R.D.; Cannata, F.; Dedonder, J.P.
1991-01-01
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics links two Hamiltonians with the same scattering (phase equivalence) but different number of bound states. We examine the Green's functions for these Hamiltonians as a prelude to embedding the two-body dynamics in a many-body system. We study the effect of the elimination of a two-body bound state near zero energy for the Efimov effect and Beg's theorem
New Methods in Supersymmetric Theories and Emergent Gauge Symmetry
CERN. Geneva
2014-01-01
It is remarkable that light or even massless spin 1 particles can be composite. Consequently, gauge invariance is not fundamental but emergent. This idea can be realized in detail in supersymmetric gauge theories. We will describe the recent development of non-perturbative methods that allow to test this idea. One finds that the emergence of gauge symmetry is linked to some results in contemporary mathematics. We speculate on the possible applications of the idea of emergent gauge symmetry to realistic models.
Supersymmetric closed string tachyon cosmology: a first approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vázquez-Báez, V; Ramírez, C
2014-01-01
We give a worldline supersymmetric formulation for the effective action of closed string tachyon in a FRW background. This is done considering that, as shown by Vafa, the effective theory of closed string tachyons can have worldsheet supersymmetry. The Hamiltonian is constructed by means of the Dirac procedure and written in a quantum version. By using the supersymmetry algebra we are able to find solutions to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation via a more simple set of first order differential equations
Chiral rings and phases of supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cachazo, Freddy; Witten, Edward; Seiberg, Nathan
2003-01-01
We solve for the expectation values of chiral operators in supersymmetric U(N) gauge theories with matter in the adjoint, fundamental and anti-fundamental representations. A simple geometric picture emerges involving a description by a meromorphic one-form on a Riemann surface. The equations of motion are equivalent to a condition on the integrality of periods of this form. The solution indicates that all semiclassical phases with the same number of U(1) factors are continuously connected. (author)
The supersymmetric t-J model with quantum group invariance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Foerster, A.; Karowski, M.
1993-04-01
An integrable quantum group deformation of the supersymmetric t-J model is introduced. Open boundary conditions lead to an spl q (2, 1) invariant hamiltonian. A general procedure to obtain such invariant models is proposed. To solve the model a generalized nested algebraic Bethe ansatz is constructed and the Bethe ansatz equations are obtained. The quantum supergroup structure of the model is investigated. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ibrahim, Tarek; Nath, Pran; Psinas, Anastasios
2004-01-01
We extend previous analyses of the supersymmetric loop correction to the charged Higgs couplings to include the coupling H ± χ ± χ 0 . The analysis completes the previous analyses where similar corrections were computed for H + t-barb (H - tb-bar), and for H + τ - ν-bar τ (H - τ + ν τ ) couplings within the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The effective one loop Lagrangian is then applied to the computation of the charged Higgs decays. The sizes of the supersymmetric loop correction on branching ratios of the charged Higgs H + (H - ) into the decay modes tb-bar (t-barb), τ-barν τ (τν-bar τ ), and χ i + χ j 0 (χ i - χ j 0 )(i=1,2; j=1-4) are investigated and the supersymmetric loop correction is found to be significant, i.e., in the range 20-30 % in significant regions of the parameter space. The loop correction to the decay mode χ 1 ± χ 2 0 is examined in specific detail as this decay mode leads to a trileptonic signal. The effects of CP phases on the branching ratio are also investigated. A brief discussion of the implications of the analysis for colliders is given
Frank, Mariana; Özdal, Özer
2018-01-01
We study the low scale predictions of the supersymmetric standard model extended by U (1 )B -L×U (1 )R symmetry, obtained from S O (10 ) breaking via a left-right supersymmetric model, imposing universal boundary conditions. Two singlet Higgs fields are responsible for the radiative U (1 )B -L×U (1 )R symmetry breaking, and a singlet fermion S is introduced to generate neutrino masses through an inverse seesaw mechanism. The lightest neutralino or sneutrino emerge as dark matter candidates, with different low scale implications. We find that the composition of the neutralino lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) changes considerably depending on the neutralino LSP mass, from roughly half U (1 )R bino, half minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) bino, to a singlet higgsino, or completely dominated by the MSSM higgsino. The sneutrino LSP is statistically much less likely, and when it occurs it is a 50-50 mixture of right-handed sneutrino and the scalar S ˜. Most of the solutions consistent with the relic density constraint survive the XENON 1T exclusion curve for both LSP cases. We compare the two scenarios and investigate parameter space points and find consistency with the muon anomalous magnetic moment only at the edge of a 2 σ deviation from the measured value. However, we find that the sneutrino LSP solutions could be ruled out completely by the strict reinforcement of the recent Z' mass bounds. We finally discuss collider prospects for testing the model.
Fragmentation of 1 GeV/nucleon iron ions in thick targets relevant for space exploration
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
La Tessa, Chiara; Guetersloh, Stephen B.; Heilbronn Lawrence H.; Miller, Jack; Sihver, Lembit; Zeitlin, Cary
2005-01-01
We have measured charged nuclear fragments produced by 1GeV/nucleon 56Fe ions interacting with aluminium, polyethylene and lead. These materials are relevant for assessment of radiation risk for manned space flight. The data will be presented in a form suitable for comparison with models of nuclear fragmentation and transport, including linear energy transfer (LET) spectrum, fluence for iron and fragments, event-tack- and event-dose-averaged LET, total dose and iron contribution to dose
Magnetized target fusion: An ultra high energy approach in an unexplored parameter space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lindemuth, I.R.
1994-01-01
Magnetized target fusion is a concept that may lead to practical fusion applications in a variety of settings. However, the crucial first step is to demonstrate that it works as advertised. Among the possibilities for doing this is an ultrahigh energy approach to magnetized target fusion, one powered by explosive pulsed power generators that have become available for application to thermonuclear fusion research. In a collaborative effort between Los Alamos and the All-Russian Scientific Institute for Experimental Physics (VNIIEF) a very powerful helical generator with explosive power switching has been used to produce an energetic magnetized plasma. Several diagnostics have been fielded to ascertain the properties of this plasma. We are intensively studying the results of the experiments and calculationally analyzing the performance of this experiment
From topological quantum field theories to supersymmetric gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bossard, G.
2007-10-01
This thesis contains 2 parts based on scientific contributions that have led to 2 series of publications. The first one concerns the introduction of vector symmetry in cohomological theories, through a generalization of the so-called Baulieu-Singer equation. Together with the topological BRST (Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin) operator, this symmetry gives an off-shell closed sub-sector of supersymmetry that permits to determine the action uniquely. The second part proposes a methodology for re-normalizing supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory without assuming a regularization scheme which is both supersymmetry and gauge invariance preserving. The renormalization prescription is derived thanks to the definition of 2 consistent Slavnov-Taylor operators for supersymmetry and gauge invariance, whose construction requires the introduction of the so-called shadow fields. We demonstrate the renormalizability of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories. We give a fully consistent, regularization scheme independent, proof of the vanishing of the β function and of the anomalous dimensions of the one half BPS operators in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. After a short introduction, in chapter two, we give a review of the cohomological Yang-Mills theory in eight dimensions. We then study its dimensional reductions in seven and six dimensions. The last chapter gives quite independent results, about a geometrical interpretation of the shadow fields, an unpublished work about topological gravity in four dimensions, an extension of the shadow formalism to superconformal invariance, and finally the solution of the constraints in a twisted superspace. (author)
A Chargeless Complex Vector Matter Field in Supersymmetric Scenario
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. P. Colatto
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We construct and study a formulation of a chargeless complex vector matter field in a supersymmetric framework. To this aim we combine two nochiral scalar superfields in order to take the vector component field to build the chargeless complex vector superpartner where the respective field strength transforms into matter fields by a global U1 gauge symmetry. For the aim of dealing with consistent terms without breaking the global U1 symmetry we imposes a choice to the complex combination revealing a kind of symmetry between the choices and eliminates the extra degrees of freedom which is consistent with the supersymmetry. As the usual case the mass supersymmetric sector contributes as a complement to dynamics of the model. We obtain the equations of motion of the Proca’s type field for the chiral spinor fields and for the scalar field on the mass-shell which show the same mass as expected. This work establishes the first steps to extend the analysis of charged massive vector field in a supersymmetric scenario.
Dilaton and second-rank tensor fields as supersymmetric compensators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2007-01-01
We formulate a supersymmetric theory in which both a dilaton and a second-rank tensor play roles of compensators. The basic off-shell multiplets are a linear multiplet (B μν ,χ,φ) and a vector multiplet (A μ ,λ;C μνρ ), where φ and B μν are, respectively, a dilaton and a second-rank tensor. The third-rank tensor C μνρ in the vector multiplet is ''dual'' to the conventional D field with 0 on-shell or 1 off-shell degree of freedom. The dilaton φ is absorbed into one longitudinal component of A μ , making it massive. Initially, B μν has 1 on-shell or 3 off-shell degrees of freedom, but it is absorbed into the longitudinal components of C μνρ . Eventually, C μνρ with 0 on-shell or 1 off-shell degree of freedom acquires in total 1 on-shell or 4 off-shell degrees of freedom, turning into a propagating massive field. These basic multiplets are also coupled to chiral multiplets and a supersymmetric Dirac-Born-Infeld action. Some of these results are also reformulated in superspace. The proposed mechanism may well provide a solution to the long-standing puzzle of massless dilatons and second-rank tensors in supersymmetric models inspired by string theory
Kinematic Fits to Determine Masses of Supersymmetric Particles at LHC
Schettler, Hannes
2009-01-01
In this thesis the method of kinematic ﬁts is applied to determine the masses of supersymmetric particles. This is implemented by a constrained least square ﬁt. If Supersymmetryis realized with R-parity conservation, the produced supersymmetric particles decay directly or over a cascade into the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) which has to bestable and escapes undetected. Each massive particle in the decay chain can be used asa constraint on the invariant mass. With such constraints the unmeasurable momentumcomponents of the LSPs can be reconstructed.The masses of the Susy particles enter the ﬁt as hypotheses. By scanning over themasses the ﬁt is redone with diﬀerent hypotheses. The χ2 of the ﬁt is suitable to distinguish between good and bad hypotheses. Therefore the method can be used to measure the mass parameters. The technique is presented by means of the Susy modelmSUGRA. The branches of the signal cascade are g → q → χ0 /χ± → χ0 (LSP) and˜˜211q → χ0 /χ± → χ0 (LSP...
From Jack to Double Jack Polynomials via the Supersymmetric Bridge
Lapointe, Luc; Mathieu, Pierre
2015-07-01
The Calogero-Sutherland model occurs in a large number of physical contexts, either directly or via its eigenfunctions, the Jack polynomials. The supersymmetric counterpart of this model, although much less ubiquitous, has an equally rich structure. In particular, its eigenfunctions, the Jack superpolynomials, appear to share the very same remarkable combinatorial and structural properties as their non-supersymmetric version. These super-functions are parametrized by superpartitions with fixed bosonic and fermionic degrees. Now, a truly amazing feature pops out when the fermionic degree is sufficiently large: the Jack superpolynomials stabilize and factorize. Their stability is with respect to their expansion in terms of an elementary basis where, in the stable sector, the expansion coefficients become independent of the fermionic degree. Their factorization is seen when the fermionic variables are stripped off in a suitable way which results in a product of two ordinary Jack polynomials (somewhat modified by plethystic transformations), dubbed the double Jack polynomials. Here, in addition to spelling out these results, which were first obtained in the context of Macdonal superpolynomials, we provide a heuristic derivation of the Jack superpolynomial case by performing simple manipulations on the supersymmetric eigen-operators, rendering them independent of the number of particles and of the fermionic degree. In addition, we work out the expression of the Hamiltonian which characterizes the double Jacks. This Hamiltonian, which defines a new integrable system, involves not only the expected Calogero-Sutherland pieces but also combinations of the generators of an underlying affine {widehat{sl}_2} algebra.
GUTs and supersymmetric GUTs in the very early universe
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, J.
1982-10-01
This talk is intended as background material for many of the other talks treating the possible applications of GUTs to the very early universe. I start with a review of the present theoretical and phenomenological status of GUTs before going on to raise some new issues for their prospective cosmological applications which arise in supersymmetric (susy) GUTs. The first section is an update on conventional GUTs, which is followed by a reminder of some of the motivations for going supersymmetric. There then follows a simple primer on susy and a discussion of the structure and phenomenology of simple sysy GUTs. Finally we come to the cosmological issues, including problems arising from the degeneracy of susy minima, baryosynthesis and supersymmetric inflation, the possibility that gravity is an essential complication in constructing susy GUTs and discussing their cosmology, and the related question of what mass range is allowed for the gravitino. Several parts of this write-up contain new material which has emerged either during the Workshop or subsequently. They are included here for completeness and the convenience of the prospective reader. Wherever possible, these anachronisms will be flagged so as to keep straight the historical record
The grin of Cheshire cat resurgence from supersymmetric localization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Daniele Dorigoni, Philip Glass
2018-02-01
Full Text Available First we compute the $\\mbox{S}^2$ partition function of the supersymmetric $\\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$ model via localization and as a check we show that the chiral ring structure can be correctly reproduced. For the $\\mathbb{CP}^1$ case we provide a concrete realisation of this ring in terms of Bessel functions. We consider a weak coupling expansion in each topological sector and write it as a finite number of perturbative corrections plus an infinite series of instanton-anti-instanton contributions. To be able to apply resurgent analysis we then consider a non-supersymmetric deformation of the localized model by introducing a small unbalance between the number of bosons and fermions. The perturbative expansion of the deformed model becomes asymptotic and we analyse it within the framework of resurgence theory. Although the perturbative series truncates when we send the deformation parameter to zero we can still reconstruct non-perturbative physics out of the perturbative data in a nice example of Cheshire cat resurgence in quantum field theory. We also show that the same type of resurgence takes place when we consider an analytic continuation in the number of chiral fields from $N$ to $r\\in\\mathbb{R}$. Although for generic real $r$ supersymmetry is still formally preserved, we find that the perturbative expansion of the supersymmetric partition function becomes asymptotic so that we can use resurgent analysis and only at the end take the limit of integer $r$ to recover the undeformed model.
DarkSUSY: Computing Supersymmetric Dark Matter Properties Numerically
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gondolo, P.
2004-07-16
The question of the nature of the dark matter in the Universe remains one of the most outstanding unsolved problems in basic science. One of the best motivated particle physics candidates is the lightest supersymmetric particle, assumed to be the lightest neutralino - a linear combination of the supersymmetric partners of the photon, the Z boson and neutral scalar Higgs particles. Here we describe DarkSUSY, a publicly-available advanced numerical package for neutralino dark matter calculations. In DarkSUSY one can compute the neutralino density in the Universe today using precision methods which include resonances, pair production thresholds and coannihilations. Masses and mixings of supersymmetric particles can be computed within DarkSUSY or with the help of external programs such as FeynHiggs, ISASUGRA and SUSPECT. Accelerator bounds can be checked to identify viable dark matter candidates. DarkSUSY also computes a large variety of astrophysical signals from neutralino dark matter, such as direct detection in low-background counting experiments and indirect detection through antiprotons, antideuterons, gamma-rays and positrons from the Galactic halo or high-energy neutrinos from the center of the Earth or of the Sun. Here we describe the physics behind the package. A detailed manual will be provided with the computer package.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gozdz, Marek; Kaminski, Wieslaw A.; Wodecki, Andrzej
2004-01-01
The minimal supersymmetric standard model with gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking and trilinear R-parity violation is applied to the description of neutrinoless double β decay. A detailed study of limits on the parameter space coming from the B→X s γ processes by using the recent CLEO results is performed. The importance of two-nucleon and pion-exchange realizations of 0νββ decay together with gluino and neutralino contributions to this process is addressed. We have deduced new limits on the trilinear R-parity breaking parameter λ 111 ' from the nonobservability of 0νββ in several medium and heavy open-shell nuclei for different gauge mediated breaking scenarios. In general, they are stronger than those known from other analyses. Also some studies with respect to the future 0νββ projects are presented
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, J.; Zwirner, F.
1991-01-01
We present calculations of the one-loop radiative corrections to the mass of the neutral CP-odd Higgs boson (A) in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model, as well as to the neutral CP-even Higgs (h, H) masses and mixing angles. We use these results to recalculate the cross-sections for Higgs production at LEP in the h + (Z * + fanti f), h (H)Z 0 and h (H) A final states. We delineate the domains of parameter space accessible at LEP at the Z 0 peak and at LEP II with a center-of-mass energy of 180, 190 or 200 GeV. (orig.)
Exact spectrum of anomalous dimensions of planar N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory.
Gromov, Nikolay; Kazakov, Vladimir; Vieira, Pedro
2009-09-25
We present a set of functional equations defining the anomalous dimensions of arbitrary local single trace operators in planar N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. It takes the form of a Y system based on the integrability of the dual superstring sigma model on the five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space (AdS_{5} x S;{5}) background. This Y system passes some very important tests: it incorporates the full asymptotic Bethe ansatz at large length of operator L, including the dressing factor, and it confirms all recently found wrapping corrections. The recently proposed AdS_{4}/three-dimensional conformal field theory duality is also treated in a similar fashion.
Search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Akers, R.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Anderson, K.J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Astbury, A.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A.H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R.J.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J.R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Beck, G.A.; Becker, J.; Beeston, C.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K.W.; Bella, G.; Bentkowski, P.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berlich, P.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Bloodworth, I.J.; Bock, P.; Bosch, H.M.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brown, R.M.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H.J.; Burgard, C.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlesworth, C.; Charlton, D.G.; Chu, S.L.; Clarke, P.E.L.; Clayton, J.C.; Clowes, S.G.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J.E.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallapiccola, C.; Darling, C.; Dallavalle, G.M.; Jong, S. de; Deng, H.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M.S.; Couto e Silva, E. do; Duchovni, E.; Duboscq, J.E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Dunwoody, U.C.; Elcombe, P.A.; Estabrooks, P.G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H.G.; Fabbri, F.; Fabbro, B.; Fanti, M; OPAL Collaboration
1994-09-01
A search for the neutral Higgs bosons h[sup O] and A[sup O], predicted by the Minimal Supersymmetric Extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), has been performed by the OPAL Collaboration at LEP. The analysis was based on approximately 75 pb[sup -1] of data taken at centre-of-mass energies in the vicinity of the Z[sup O] resonance. No Higgs boson signals have been detected. Using, in addition, an upper limit on the contribution of non-Standard Model processes to the Z[sup O] boson width, almost the entire MSSM parameter space that can be reached at present LEP energies has been excluded. In particular, at the 95% confidence level, our results imply that m[sub h[sup o
Li, Min; Gonon, Géraldine; Buonanno, Manuela; Autsavapromporn, Narongchai; de Toledo, Sonia M.; Pain, Debkumar
2014-01-01
Abstract Significance: During deep space travel, astronauts are often exposed to high atomic number (Z) and high-energy (E) (high charge and high energy [HZE]) particles. On interaction with cells, these particles cause severe oxidative injury and result in unique biological responses. When cell populations are exposed to low fluences of HZE particles, a significant fraction of the cells are not traversed by a primary radiation track, and yet, oxidative stress induced in the targeted cells may spread to nearby bystander cells. The long-term effects are more complex because the oxidative effects persist in progeny of the targeted and affected bystander cells, which promote genomic instability and may increase the risk of age-related cancer and degenerative diseases. Recent Advances: Greater understanding of the spatial and temporal features of reactive oxygen species bursts along the tracks of HZE particles, and the availability of facilities that can simulate exposure to space radiations have supported the characterization of oxidative stress from targeted and nontargeted effects. Critical Issues: The significance of secondary radiations generated from the interaction of the primary HZE particles with biological material and the mitigating effects of antioxidants on various cellular injuries are central to understanding nontargeted effects and alleviating tissue injury. Future Directions: Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the cellular responses to HZE particles, particularly under reduced gravity and situations of exposure to additional radiations, such as protons, should be useful in reducing the uncertainty associated with current models for predicting long-term health risks of space radiation. These studies are also relevant to hadron therapy of cancer. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 20, 1501–1523. PMID:24111926
Lutomski, Michael G.; Carter-Journet, Katrina; Anderson, Leif; Box, Neil; Harrington, Sean; Jackson, David; DiFilippo, Denise
2012-01-01
The International Space Station (ISS) was originally designed to operate until 2015 with a plan for deorbiting the ISS in 2016. Currently, the international partnership has agreed to extend the operations until 2020 and discussions are underway to extend the life even further to 2028. Each partner is responsible for the sustaining engineering, sparing, and maintenance of their own segments. National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) challenge is to purchase the needed number of spares to maintain the functional availability of the ISS systems necessary for the United States On-Orbit Segment s contribution. This presentation introduces an analytical approach to assessing uncertainty in ISS hardware necessary to extend the life of the vehicle. Some key areas for consideration are: establishing what confidence targets are required to ensure science can be continuously carried out on the ISS, defining what confidence targets are reasonable to ensure vehicle survivability, considering what is required to determine if the confidence targets are too high, and whether sufficient number of spares are purchased. The results of the analysis will provide a methodological basis for reassessing vehicle subsystem confidence targets. This analysis compares the probability of existing spares exceeding the total expected unit demand of the Orbital Replacement Unit (ORU) in functional hierarchies approximating the vehicle subsystems. In cases where the functional hierarchies' availability does not meet subsystem confidence targets, the analysis will further identify which ORUs may require additional spares to extend the life of the ISS. The resulting probability is dependent upon hardware reliability estimates. However, the ISS hardware fleet carries considerable epistemic uncertainty which must be factored into the development and execution of sparing risk postures. In addition, it is also recognized that uncertainty in the assessment is due to disconnects between
Range-Doppler Mapping of Space-Based Targets Using the JRO 50 MHz Radar
Kesaraju, S.; Mathews, J. D.; Milla, M.; Vierinen, J.
2017-12-01
The Jicamarca Radio Observatory (JRO) two-dimensional square array radar system operating at 6-m wavelength was used to study the Moon and low Earth orbit satellites using the Range-Doppler inverse synthetic aperture radar technique also known as Delay-Doppler imaging. The radar data was collected on Oct 21, 2015. A circularly polarized coded pulse was transmitted from a quarter-array antenna segment during lunar transit over JRO. Dual-linear polarization receive systems were employed on two quarter-array segments and on two 1/64th array modules giving the longest possible baselines across the transit path. A Range-Doppler mapping technique that uses the rotational motion of the targets and an autofocusing motion and ionospheric delay compensation technique has been implemented to generate the two-dimensional maps of the point-target (Satellite) and range-spread target (Moon). A review of our technique and the maps obtained from these observations is presented herein. Range-Doppler maps of the Moon and satellites are instructive with regards to possible further improvement of the technique, especially regarding ionospheric compensation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harz, Julia
2013-11-15
In this thesis, we assume a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with conserved R-parity such that the lightest neutralino is the cold dark matter candidate. A stringent constraint on the MSSM parameter space can be set by the comparison of the predicted neutralino relic density with the experimentally determined value. In order to match the high experimental precision, uncertainties within the theoretical calculation have to be reduced. One of the main uncertainties arises from the cross section of annihilation and coannihilation processes of the dark matter particle. In a phenomenological study we investigate the interplay of neutralino-neutralino annihilation, neutralino-stop coannihilation and stop-stop annihilation. We demonstrate that neutralino-stop coannihilation contributes significantly to the neutralino relic density and is furthermore very well motivated due to the recent discovery of a 125 GeV Higgs boson. Due to this ample motivation we have calculated the full O({alpha}{sub s}) supersymmetric QCD corrections to neutralino-squark coannihilation. We show in detail our DR/on-shell renormalization scheme for the treatment of ultraviolet divergences, and describe the phase space slicing method which is used to handle soft and collinear infrared divergences. Further, we comment on the treatment of occurring intermediate onshell states. The whole calculation is provided within the numerical tool DM rate at NLO that serves as an extension to existing relic density calculators, which consider only an effective tree-level calculation. Based on three example scenarios we study the impact of the NLO corrections on the total (co)annihilation cross section, and observe corrections of up to 30 %. This leads to a correction of 5 - 9 % on the relic density, which is larger than the current experimental uncertainty and is, thus, important to be taken into account.
G2-structures for N = 1 supersymmetric AdS4 solutions of M-theory
Grigorian, Sergey
2018-04-01
We study the N = 1 supersymmetric solutions of D = 11 supergravity obtained as a warped product of four-dimensional anti-de Sitter space with a seven-dimensional Riemannian manifold M. Using the octonion bundle structure on M we reformulate the Killing spinor equations in terms of sections of the octonion bundle on M. The solutions then define a single complexified G 2-structure on M or equivalently two real G 2-structures. We then study the torsion of these G 2-structures and the relationships between them.
Supersymmetric KP hierarchy in N=1 superspace and its N=2 reductions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lechtenfeld, O.; Sorin, A.
1999-01-01
A wide class of N=2 reductions of the supersymmetric KP hierarchy in N=1 superspace is described. This class includes a new N=2 supersymmetric generalization of the Toda chain hierarchy. The Lax pair representations of the bosonic and fermionic flows, local and nonlocal Hamiltonians, finite and infinite discrete symmetries, first two Hamiltonian structures and the recursion operator of this hierarchy are constructed. Its secondary reduction to new N=2 supersymmetric modified KdV hierarchy is discussed
Schmidt, M. A.; Goodwin, T. J.
2014-01-01
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the main activity-dependent neurotrophin in the human nervous system. BDNF is implicated in production of new neurons from dentate gyrus stem cells (hippocampal neurogenesis), synapse formation, sprouting of new axons, growth of new axons, sprouting of new dendrites, and neuron survival. Alterations in the amount or activity of BDNF can produce significant detrimental changes to cortical function and synaptic transmission in the human brain. This can result in glial and neuronal dysfunction, which may contribute to a range of clinical conditions, spanning a number of learning, behavioral, and neurological disorders. There is an extensive body of work surrounding the BDNF molecular network, including BDNF gene polymorphisms, methylated BDNF gene promoters, multiple gene transcripts, varied BDNF functional proteins, and different BDNF receptors (whose activation differentially drive the neuron to neurogenesis or apoptosis). BDNF is also closely linked to mitochondrial biogenesis through PGC-1alpha, which can influence brain and muscle metabolic efficiency. BDNF AS A HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT COUNTERMEASURE TARGET Earth-based studies reveal that BDNF is negatively impacted by many of the conditions encountered in the space environment, including oxidative stress, radiation, psychological stressors, sleep deprivation, and many others. A growing body of work suggests that the BDNF network is responsive to a range of diet, nutrition, exercise, drug, and other types of influences. This section explores the BDNF network in the context of 1) protecting the brain and nervous system in the space environment, 2) optimizing neurobehavioral performance in space, and 3) reducing the residual effects of space flight on the nervous system on return to Earth
Update of the search for supersymmetric particles in scenarios with Gravitino LSP and Sleptons NLSP
Abreu, P.; Adye, T.; Adzic, P.; Albrecht, Z.; Alderweireld, T.; Alekseev, G.D.; Alemany, R.; Allmendinger, T.; Allport, P.P.; Almehed, S.; Amaldi, U.; Amapane, N.; Amato, S.; Anashkin, E.; Anassontzis, E.G.; Andersson, P.; Andreazza, A.; Andringa, S.; Anjos, N.; Antilogus, P.; Apel, W.D.; Arnoud, Y.; Asman, B.; Augustin, J.E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Ballestrero, A.; Bambade, P.; Barao, F.; Barbiellini, G.; Barbier, R.; Bardin, Dmitri Yu.; Barker, G.J.; Baroncelli, A.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Becks, K.H.; Begalli, M.; Behrmann, A.; Belokopytov, Yu.; Belous, K.; Benekos, N.C.; Benvenuti, A.C.; Berat, C.; Berggren, M.; Berntzon, L.; Bertrand, D.; Besancon, M.; Besson, N.; Bilenky, Mikhail S.; Bloch, D.; Blom, H.M.; Bol, L.; Bonesini, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Booth, P.S.L.; Borisov, G.; Bosio, C.; Botner, O.; Boudinov, E.; Bouquet, B.; Bowcock, T.J.V.; Boyko, I.; Bozovic, I.; Bozzo, M.; Bracko, M.; Branchini, P.; Brenner, R.A.; Bruckman, P.; Brunet, J.M.; Bugge, L.; Buschmann, P.; Caccia, M.; Calvi, M.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Carena, F.; Carroll, L.; Caso, C.; Castillo Gimenez, M.V.; Cattai, A.; Cavallo, F.R.; Chapkin, M.; Charpentier, P.; Checchia, P.; Chelkov, G.A.; Chierici, R.; Chliapnikov, P.; Chochula, P.; Chorowicz, V.; Chudoba, J.; Cieslik, K.; Collins, P.; Contri, R.; Cortina, E.; Cosme, G.; Cossutti, F.; Costa, M.; Crawley, H.B.; Crennell, D.; Croix, J.; Cuevas Maestro, J.; Czellar, S.; D'Hondt, J.; Dalmau, J.; Davenport, M.; Da Silva, W.; Della Ricca, G.; Delpierre, P.; Demaria, N.; De Angelis, A.; De Boer, W.; De Clercq, C.; De Lotto, B.; De Min, A.; De Paula, L.; Dijkstra, H.; Di Ciaccio, L.; Doroba, K.; Dracos, M.; Drees, J.; Dris, M.; Eigen, G.; Ekelof, T.; Ellert, M.; Elsing, M.; Engel, J.P.; Espirito Santo, M.C.; Fanourakis, G.; Fassouliotis, D.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J.; Ferrer, A.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; Ferro, F.; Firestone, A.; Flagmeyer, U.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fontanelli, F.; Franek, B.; Frodesen, A.G.; Fruhwirth, R.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Fuster, J.; Galloni, A.; Gamba, D.; Gamblin, S.; Gandelman, M.; Garcia, C.; Gaspar, C.; Gaspar, M.; Gasparini, U.; Gavillet, P.; Gazis, Evangelos; Gele, D.; Geralis, T.; Ghodbane, N.; Gil Botella, Ines; Glege, F.; Gokieli, R.; Golob, B.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncalves, P.; Gonzalez Caballero, I.; Gopal, G.; Gorn, L.; Gouz, Yu.; Gracco, V.; Grahl, J.; Graziani, E.; Grosdidier, G.; Grzelak, K.; Guy, J.; Haag, C.; Hahn, F.; Hahn, S.; Haider, S.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hansen, J.; Harris, F.J.; Haug, S.; Hauler, F.; Hedberg, V.; Heising, S.; Hernandez, J.J.; Herquet, P.; Herr, H.; Hertz, O.; Higon, E.; Holmgren, S.O.; Holt, P.J.; Hoorelbeke, S.; Houlden, M.; Hrubec, J.; Hughes, G.J.; Hultqvist, K.; Jackson, John Neil; Jacobsson, R.; Jalocha, P.; Jarlskog, C.; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jean-Marie, B.; Jeans, D.; Johansson, Erik Karl; Jonsson, P.; Joram, C.; Juillot, P.; Jungermann, L.; Kapusta, Frederic; Karafasoulis, K.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E.C.; Keranen, R.; Kernel, G.; Kersevan, B.P.; Khokhlov, Yu.A.; Khomenko, B.A.; Khovanski, N.N.; Kiiskinen, A.; King, B.; Kinvig, A.; Kjaer, N.J.; Klapp, O.; Kluit, P.; Kokkinias, P.; Kostioukhine, V.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kouznetsov, O.; Krammer, M.; Kriznic, E.; Krumstein, Z.; Kubinec, P.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kurowska, J.; Lamsa, J.W.; Laugier, J.P.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, Fabienne; Leinonen, L.; Leisos, A.; Leitner, R.; Lenzen, G.; Lepeltier, V.; Lesiak, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Libby, J.; Liebig, W.; Liko, D.; Lipniacka, A.; Lippi, I.; Loken, J.G.; Lopes, J.H.; Lopez, J.M.; Lopez-Fernandez, R.; Loukas, D.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; MacNaughton, J.; Mahon, J.R.; Maio, A.; Malek, A.; Maltezos, S.; Malychev, V.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Marco, R.; Marechal, B.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.C.; Mariotti, C.; Markou, A.; Martinez-Rivero, C.; Marti i Garcia, S.; Masik, J.; Mastroyiannopoulos, N.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Matthiae, G.; Mazzucato, F.; Mazzucato, M.; McCubbin, M.; McKay, R.; McNulty, R.; McPherson, G.; Merle, E.; Meroni, C.; Meyer, W.T.; Migliore, E.; Mirabito, L.; Mitaroff, W.A.; Mjoernmark, U.; Moa, T.; Moch, M.; Monig, Klaus; Monge, M.R.; Montenegro, J.; Moraes, D.; Morettini, P.; Morton, G.; Muller, U.; Muenich, K.; Mulders, M.; Mundim, L.M.; Murray, W.J.; Muryn, B.; Myatt, G.; Myklebust, T.; Nassiakou, M.; Navarria, F.L.; Nawrocki, K.; Negri, P.; Nemecek, S.; Neufeld, N.; Nicolaidou, R.; Niezurawski, P.; Nikolenko, M.; Nomokonov, V.; Nygren, A.; Obraztsov, V.; Olshevski, A.G.; Onofre, A.; Orava, R.; Osterberg, K.; Ouraou, A.; Oyanguren, A.; Paganoni, M.; Paiano, S.; Pain, R.; Paiva, R.; Palacios, J.; Palka, H.; Papadopoulou, T.D.; Pape, L.; Parkes, C.; Parodi, F.; Parzefall, U.; Passeri, A.; Passon, O.; Peralta, L.; Perepelitsa, V.; Pernicka, M.; Perrotta, A.; Petridou, C.; Petrolini, A.; Phillips, H.T.; Pierre, F.; Pimenta, M.; Piotto, E.; Podobnik, T.; Poireau, V.; Pol, M.E.; Polok, G.; Poropat, P.; Pozdniakov, V.; Privitera, P.; Pukhaeva, N.; Pullia, A.; Radojicic, D.; Ragazzi, S.; Rahmani, H.; Read, Alexander L.; Rebecchi, P.; Redaelli, Nicola Giuseppe; Regler, M.; Rehn, J.; Reid, D.; Reinhardt, R.; Renton, P.B.; Resvanis, L.K.; Richard, F.; Ridky, J.; Rinaudo, G.; Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle; Romero, A.; Ronchese, P.; Rosenberg, E.I.; Rosinsky, P.; Rovelli, T.; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V.; Ruiz, A.; Saarikko, H.; Sacquin, Y.; Sadovsky, A.; Sajot, G.; Salmi, L.; Salt, J.; Sampsonidis, D.; Sannino, M.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schwanda, C.; Schwemling, P.; Schwering, B.; Schwickerath, U.; Scuri, Fabrizio; Seager, P.; Sedykh, Y.; Segar, A.M.; Sekulin, R.; Sette, G.; Shellard, R.C.; Siebel, M.; Simard, L.; Simonetto, F.; Sisakian, A.N.; Smadja, G.; Smirnov, N.; Smirnova, O.; Smith, G.R.; Sokolov, A.; Sopczak, A.; Sosnowski, R.; Spassov, T.; Spiriti, E.; Squarcia, S.; Stanescu, C.; Stanitzki, M.; Stevenson, K.; Stocchi, A.; Strauss, J.; Strub, R.; Stugu, B.; Szczekowski, M.; Szeptycka, M.; Tabarelli, T.; Taffard, A.; Chikilev, O.; Tegenfeldt, F.; Terranova, F.; Timmermans, Jan; Tinti, N.; Tkatchev, L.G.; Tobin, M.; Todorova, S.; Tome, B.; Tonazzo, A.; Tortora, L.; Tortosa, P.; Treille, D.; Tristram, G.; Trochimczuk, M.; Troncon, C.; Turluer, M.L.; Tyapkin, I.A.; Tyapkin, P.; Tzamarias, S.; Ullaland, O.; Uvarov, V.; Valenti, G.; Vallazza, E.; Vander Velde, C.; Van Dam, Piet; Van den Boeck, W.; Van Eldik, J.; Van Lysebetten, A.; van Remortel, N.; Van Vulpen, I.; Vegni, G.; Ventura, L.; Venus, W.; Verbeure, F.; Verdier, P.; Verlato, M.; Vertogradov, L.S.; Verzi, V.; Vilanova, D.; Vitale, L.; Vlasov, E.; Vodopianov, A.S.; Voulgaris, G.; Vrba, V.; Wahlen, H.; Washbrook, A.J.; Weiser, C.; Wicke, D.; Wickens, J.H.; Wilkinson, G.R.; Winter, M.; Witek, M.; Wolf, G.; Yi, J.; Yushchenko, O.; Zalewska, A.; Zalewski, P.; Zavrtanik, D.; Zevgolatakos, E.; Zimine, N.I.; Zintchenko, A.; Zoller, P.; Zumerle, G.; Zupan, M.
2001-01-01
An update of the search for sleptons, neutralinos and charginos in the context of scenarios where the lightest supersymmetric particle is the gravitino and the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle is a slepton, is presented, together with the update of the search for heavy stable charged particles in light gravitino scenarios and Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Models. Data collected in 1999 with the DELPHI detector at centre-of-mass energies around 192, 196, 200 and 202 GeV were analysed. No evidence for the production of these supersymmetric particles was found. Hence, new mass limits were derived at 95% confidence level.
Zhang, Hua; Zeng, Luan
2017-11-01
Binocular stereoscopic vision can be used for space-based space targets near observation. In order to solve the problem that the traditional binocular vision system cannot work normally after interference, an online calibration method of binocular stereo measuring camera with self-reference is proposed. The method uses an auxiliary optical imaging device to insert the image of the standard reference object into the edge of the main optical path and image with the target on the same focal plane, which is equivalent to a standard reference in the binocular imaging optical system; When the position of the system and the imaging device parameters are disturbed, the image of the standard reference will change accordingly in the imaging plane, and the position of the standard reference object does not change. The camera's external parameters can be re-calibrated by the visual relationship of the standard reference object. The experimental results show that the maximum mean square error of the same object can be reduced from the original 72.88mm to 1.65mm when the right camera is deflected by 0.4 degrees and the left camera is high and low with 0.2° rotation. This method can realize the online calibration of binocular stereoscopic vision measurement system, which can effectively improve the anti - jamming ability of the system.
New Horizons: Long-Range Kuiper Belt Targets Observed by the Hubble Space Telescope
Benecchi, S. D.; Noll, K. S.; Weaver, H. A.; Spencer, J. R.; Stern, S. A.; Buie, M. W.; Parker, A. H.
2014-01-01
We report on Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of three Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs), discovered in our dedicated ground-based search campaign, that are candidates for long-range observations from the New Horizons spacecraft: 2011 epochY31, 2011 HZ102, and 2013 LU35. Astrometry with HST enables both current and future critical accuracy improvements for orbit precision, required for possible New Horizons observations, beyond what can be obtained from the ground. Photometric colors of all three objects are red, typical of the Cold Classical dynamical population within which they reside; they are also the faintest KBOs to have had their colors measured. None are observed to be binary with HST above separations of approx. 0.02 arcsec (approx. 700 km at 44 AU) and delta m less than or equal to 0.5.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Miley, George H.; Hora, H.; Badziak, J.; Wolowski, J.; Sheng Zhengming; Zhang Jie; Osman, F.; Zhang Weiyan; Tuhe Xia
2009-01-01
The use of laser-driven Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) for space propulsion has been the subject of several earlier conceptual design studies, (see: Orth, 1998; and other references therein). However, these studies were based on older ICF technology using either 'direct' or 'in-direct x-ray driven' type target irradiation. Important new directions have opened for laser ICF in recent years following the development of 'chirped' lasers capable of ultra short pulses with powers of TW up to few PW which leads to the concept of 'fast ignition (FI)' to achieve higher energy gains from target implosions. In a recent publication the authors showed that use of a modified type of FI, termed 'block ignition' (Miley et al., 2008), could meet many of the requirements anticipated (but not then available) by the designs of the Vehicle for Interplanetary Space Transport Applications (VISTA) ICF fusion propulsion ship (Orth, 2008) for deep space missions. Subsequently the first author devised and presented concepts for imbedding high density condensed matter 'clusters' of deuterium into the target to obtain ultra high local fusion reaction rates (Miley, 2008). Such rates are possible due to the high density of the clusters (over an order of magnitude above cryogenic deuterium). Once compressed by the implosion, the yet higher density gives an ultra high reaction rate over the cluster volume since the fusion rate is proportional to the square of the fuel density. Most recently, a new discovery discussed here indicates that the target matrix could be composed of B 11 with proton clusters imbedded. This then makes p-B 11 fusion practical, assuming all of the physics issues such as stability of the clusters during compression are resolved. Indeed, p-B 11 power is ideal for fusion propulsion since it has a minimum of unwanted side products while giving most of the reaction energy to energetic alpha particles which can be directed into an exhaust (propulsion) nozzle. Power plants
Miley, George H.; Hora, H.; Badziak, J.; Wolowski, J.; Sheng, Zheng-Ming; Zhang, Jie; Osman, F.; Zhang, Weiyan; tu He, Xia
2009-03-01
The use of laser-driven Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) for space propulsion has been the subject of several earlier conceptual design studies, (see: Orth, 1998; and other references therein). However, these studies were based on older ICF technology using either "direct "or "in-direct x-ray driven" type target irradiation. Important new directions have opened for laser ICF in recent years following the development of "chirped" lasers capable of ultra short pulses with powers of TW up to few PW which leads to the concept of "fast ignition (FI)" to achieve higher energy gains from target implosions. In a recent publication the authors showed that use of a modified type of FI, termed "block ignition" (Miley et al., 2008), could meet many of the requirements anticipated (but not then available) by the designs of the Vehicle for Interplanetary Space Transport Applications (VISTA) ICF fusion propulsion ship (Orth, 2008) for deep space missions. Subsequently the first author devised and presented concepts for imbedding high density condensed matter "clusters" of deuterium into the target to obtain ultra high local fusion reaction rates (Miley, 2008). Such rates are possible due to the high density of the clusters (over an order of magnitude above cryogenic deuterium). Once compressed by the implosion, the yet higher density gives an ultra high reaction rate over the cluster volume since the fusion rate is proportional to the square of the fuel density. Most recently, a new discovery discussed here indicates that the target matrix could be composed of B11 with proton clusters imbedded. This then makes p-B11 fusion practical, assuming all of the physics issues such as stability of the clusters during compression are resolved. Indeed, p-B11 power is ideal for fusion propulsion since it has a minimum of unwanted side products while giving most of the reaction energy to energetic alpha particles which can be directed into an exhaust (propulsion) nozzle. Power plants using p
Vision affects tactile target and distractor processing even when space is task-irrelevant
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ann-Katrin eWesslein
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The human brain is adapted to integrate the information from multiple sensory modalities into coherent, robust representations of the objects and events in the external world. A large body of empirical research has demonstrated the ubiquitous nature of the interactions that take place between vision and touch, with the former typically dominating over the latter. Many studies have investigated the influence of visual stimuli on the processing of tactile stimuli (and vice versa. Other studies, meanwhile, have investigated the effect of directing a participant’s gaze either toward or else away from the body-part receiving the target tactile stimulation. Other studies, by contrast, have compared performance in those conditions in which the participant’s eyes have been open versus closed. We start by reviewing the research that has been published to date demonstrating the influence of vision on the processing of tactile targets, that is, on those stimuli that have to be attended or responded to. We outline that many – but not all – of the visuotactile interactions that have been observed to date may be attributable to the direction of spatial attention. We then move on to focus on the crossmodal influence of vision, as well as of the direction of gaze, on the processing of tactile distractors. We highlight the results of those studies demonstrating the influence of vision, rather than gaze direction (i.e., the direction of overt spatial attention, on tactile distractor processing (e.g., tactile variants of the negative-priming or flanker task. The conclusion is that no matter how vision of a tactile distractor is engaged, the result would appear to be the same, namely that tactile distractors are processed more thoroughly.
van Greunen, Divan G; Cordier, Werner; Nell, Margo; van der Westhuyzen, Chris; Steenkamp, Vanessa; Panayides, Jenny-Lee; Riley, Darren L
2017-02-15
A series of twenty seven acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, as potential agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, were designed and synthesised based upon previously unexplored chemical space surrounding the molecular skeleton of the drug donepezil, which is currently used for the management of mild to severe Alzheimer's disease. Two series of analogues were prepared, the first looking at the replacement of the piperidine ring in donepezil with different sized saturated N-containing ring systems and the second looking at the introduction of different linkers between the indanone and piperidine rings in donepezil. The most active analogue 5,6-dimethoxy-1-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl 1-benzylpiperidine-4-carboxylate (67) afforded an in vitro IC 50 value of 0.03 ± 0.07 μM against acetylcholinesterase with no cytotoxicity observed (IC 50 of >100 μM, SH-SY5Y cell line). In comparison donepezil had an IC 50 of 0.05 ± 0.06 μM and an observed cytotoxicity IC 50 of 15.54 ± 1.12 μM. Molecular modelling showed a strong correlation between activity and in silico binding in the active site of acetylcholinesterase. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Beheshti, Afshin
2018-01-01
GeneLab as a general tool for the scientific community; Utilizing GeneLab datasets to generate hypothesis and determining potential biological targets against health risks due to long-term space missions; How can OpenTarget be used to discover novel drugs to test as countermeasures that can be utilized by astronauts.
Fadhal, Emad; Mwambene, Eric C; Gamieldien, Junaid
2014-06-14
We have recently shown by formally modelling human protein interaction networks (PINs) as metric spaces and classified proteins into zones based on their distance from the topological centre that hub proteins are primarily centrally located. We also showed that zones closest to the network centre are enriched for critically important proteins and are also functionally very specialised for specific 'house keeping' functions. We proposed that proteins closest to the network centre may present good therapeutic targets. Here, we present multiple pieces of novel functional evidence that provides strong support for this hypothesis. We found that the human PINs has a highly connected signalling core, with the majority of proteins involved in signalling located in the two zones closest to the topological centre. The majority of essential, disease related, tumour suppressor, oncogenic and approved drug target proteins were found to be centrally located. Similarly, the majority of proteins consistently expressed in 13 types of cancer are also predominantly located in zones closest to the centre. Proteins from zones 1 and 2 were also found to comprise the majority of proteins in key KEGG pathways such as MAPK-signalling, the cell cycle, apoptosis and also pathways in cancer, with very similar patterns seen in pathways that lead to cancers such as melanoma and glioma, and non-neoplastic diseases such as measles, inflammatory bowel disease and Alzheimer's disease. Based on the diversity of evidence uncovered, we propose that when considered holistically, proteins located centrally in the human PINs that also have similar functions to existing drug targets are good candidate targets for novel therapeutics. Similarly, since disease pathways are dominated by centrally located proteins, candidates shortlisted in genome scale disease studies can be further prioritized and contextualised based on whether they occupy central positions in the human PINs.
Soft supersymmetry breaking due to dimensional reduction over non-symmetric coset spaces
Manousselis, P.; Zoupanos, G.
2001-10-01
A ten-dimensional supersymmetric E8 gauge theory is compactified over six-dimensional coset spaces, establishing further our earlier conjecture that the resulting four-dimensional theory is a softly broken supersymmetric gauge theory in the case that the used coset space is non-symmetric. The specific non-symmetric six-dimensional spaces examined in the present study are Sp(4)/(SU(2)×U(1))non-max and SU(3)/U(1)×U(1).
Supersymmetric unified compositeness and the quark/lepton generation structure
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Davidson, A.; Sonnenschein, J.
1983-12-01
We attempt to construct a realistic model, incorporating the ideas of supersymmetry, compositeness and grand unification. Unification dictates the preon/spectator SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1) assignments, while supersymmetry tackles the hierachy problem and partially protects chiral invariance. It is primarily the presence of scalar preons which allows for a 't Hooft-Appelquist-Carazzone consistent composite generation structure. The various quark/leptons are internally distinguished, with U(1)sub(R) serving as a broken horizontal symmetry. To demonstrate our idea, unified SU(10) is invoked to give birth to supersymmetric SU(5)sub(HC) compositeness with four low-lying standard families. (author)
Recent developments in the N-extended supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Toppan, Francesco [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Fisica Teorica]. E-mail: toppan@cbpf.br
2007-07-01
In this paper we review some recent developments in the understanding of the supersymmetric quantum mechanics for large-N values of the extended supersymmetries. A list of the topics here covered includes the new available classification of the finite linear irreducible representations, the construction of manifestly off-shell invariant actions without introducing a superfield formalism, the notion of the 'fusion algebra' of the irreducible representations, the connection (for N = 8) with the octonionic structure constants, etc. The results presented are based on the work of the author and his collaborators. (author)
Duality in a Supersymmetric Gauge Theory From a Perturbative Viewpoint
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ryttov, Thomas A.; Shrock, Robert
2018-01-01
We study duality in $\\mathcal{N}=1$ supersymmetric QCD in the non-Abelian Coulomb phase, order-by-order in scheme-independent series expansions. Using exact results, we show how the dimensions of various fundamental and composite chiral superfields, and the quantities $a$, $a/c$, and $b......$ at superconformal fixed points of the renormalization group emerge in scheme-independent series expansions in the electric and magnetic theories. We further demonstrate that truncations of these series expansions to modest order yield very accurate approximations to these quantities....
Duality in a Supersymmetric Gauge Theory From a Perturbative Viewpoint
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ryttov, Thomas A.; Shrock, Robert
2018-01-01
points of the renormalization group emerge in scheme-independent series expansions in the electric and magnetic theories. We further demonstrate that truncations of these series expansions to modest order yield very accurate approximations to these quantities and suggest possible implications......We study duality in N ¼ 1 supersymmetric QCD in the non-Abelian Coulomb phase, order-by-order in scheme-independent series expansions. Using exact results, we show how the dimensions of various fundamental and composite chiral superfields, and the quantities a, c, a=c, and b at superconformal fixed...... for nonsupersymmetric theories...
Event with Supersymmetric Particles of the ATLAS Experiment
ATLAS, Experiment
2014-01-01
This event originated with the production of a pair of supersymmetric particles that decayed yielding: •Six jets of particles, •Two muons with momenta in the transverse direction of 74 and 84 GeV. They are visible in the side view going to the left, but not in the end view (because the exited the detector in the forward direction). They have opposite signs. •Missing energy in the direction transverse to the beam of 283 GeV.
On radiative gauge symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamberini, G.; Ridolfi, G.; Zwirner, F.
1990-01-01
We present a critical reappraisal of radiative gauge symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. We show that a naive use of the renormalization group improved tree-level potential can lead to incorrect conclusions. We specify the conditions under which the above method gives reliable results, by performing a comparison with the results obtained from the full one-loop potential. We also point out how the stability constraint and the conditions for the absence of charge- and colour-breaking minima should be applied. Finally, we comment on the uncertainties affecting the model predictions for physical observables, in particular for the top quark mass. (orig.)
Supersymmetric reduced minimal 3-3-1 model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huong, D.T., E-mail: dthuong@iop.vast.ac.vn [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Hue, L.T., E-mail: lthue@iop.vast.ac.vn [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Rodriguez, M.C., E-mail: marcosrodriguez@furg.br [Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande-FURG, Instituto de Matemática, Estatística e Física-IMEF, Av. Itália, km 8, Campus Carreiros, 96201-900 Rio Grande, RS (Brazil); Long, H.N., E-mail: hnlong@iop.vast.ac.vn [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 10 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh, Hanoi (Viet Nam)
2013-05-11
We build a supersymmetric version of the minimal 3-3-1 model with just two Higgs triplets using the superfield formalism. We study the mass spectrum of all particles in concordance with the experimental bounds. At the tree level, the masses of charged gauge bosons are the same as those of charged Higgs bosons. We also show that the electron, muon and their neutrinos as well as down and strange quarks gain mass through the loop correction. The narrow constraint on the ratio t{sub w}=w/(w{sup ′}) is given by studying the new invisible decay mode of the Z boson.
ATLAS Z Excess in Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lu, Xiaochuan; Terada, Takahiro
2015-06-01
Recently the ATLAS collaboration reported a 3 sigma excess in the search for the events containing a dilepton pair from a Z boson and large missing transverse energy. Although the excess is not sufficiently significant yet, it is quite tempting to explain this excess by a well-motivated model beyond the standard model. In this paper we study a possibility of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) for this excess. Especially, we focus on the MSSM spectrum where the sfermions are heavier than the gauginos and Higgsinos. We show that the excess can be explained by the reasonable MSSM mass spectrum.
Duality and BPS spectra in N = 2 supersymmetric QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ferrari, F.
1997-01-01
I review, with some pedagogy, two different approaches to the computation of BPS spectra in N = 2 supersymmetric QCD with gauge group SU(2). The first one is semiclassical and has been widely used in the literature. The second one makes use of constraints coming from the non perturbative, global structure of the Coulomb branch of these theories. The second method allows for a description of discontinuities in the BPS spectra at strong coupling, and should lead to accurate test of duality conjectures in N = 2 theories. (orig.)
Constraints on supersymmetric models from the muon anomalous magnetic moment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carena, M.; Giudice, G.F.; Wagner, C.E.M.
1996-10-01
We study the impact of present and future (g - 2) μ measurements on supersymmetric models. The corrections to (g - 2) μ become particularly relevant in the presence of light sleptons, charginos and neutralinos, especially in the large tan β regime. For moderate or large values of tan β, it is possible to rule out scenarios in which charginos and sneutrinos are both light, but nevertheless escape detection at the LEP2 collider. Furthermore, models in which supersymmetry breaking is transferred to the observable sector through gauge interactions can be efficiently constrained by the (g - 2) μ measurement. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vilar, L.C.Q.; Sasaki, C.A.G.; Sorella, S.P.
1996-09-01
The supersymmetric descent equations in superspace are discussed by means of the introduction of two operators ζ α , ζ -α which allow to decompose the supersymmetric covariant derivatives D α , D -α as BRS commutators. (author). 27 refs., 4 tabs
SuSeFLAV: A program for calculating supersymmetric spectra and ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. The program \\mathnormal S u S e F L A V is introduced for computing supersymmetric mass spectra with flavour violation in various supersymmetric breaking scenarios with/without see-saw mechanism. A short user guide summarizing the compilation, executables and the input files is provided.
Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory: The Story of N = 4 Yang-Mills Theory
Brink, Lars
The following sections are included: * History * Dual Models * Supersymmetric Field Theories and Supergravity * Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theories * The Light-Cone Gauge Formulation of N = 4 Yang-Mills Theory * The Perturbative Finiteness N = 4 Yang-Mills Theory * References
Strong/weak coupling duality relations for non-supersymmetric string theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blum, J.D.; Dienes, K.R.
1998-01-01
Both the supersymmetric SO(32) and E 8 x E 8 heterotic strings in ten dimensions have known strong-coupling duals. However, it has not been known whether there also exist strong-coupling duals for the non-supersymmetric heterotic strings in ten dimensions. In this paper, we construct explicit open-string duals for the circle compactifications of several of these non-supersymmetric theories, among them the tachyon-free SO(16) x SO(16) string. Our method involves the construction of heterotic and open-string interpolating models that continuously connect non-supersymmetric strings to supersymmetric strings. We find that our non-supersymmetric dual theories have exactly the same massless spectra as their heterotic counterparts within a certain range of our interpolations. We also develop a novel method for analyzing the solitons of non-supersymmetric open-string theories, and find that the solitons of our dual theories also agree with their heterotic counterparts. These are therefore the first known examples of strong/weak coupling duality relations between non-supersymmetric, tachyon-free string theories. Finally, the existence of these strong-coupling duals allows us to examine the non-perturbative stability of these strings, and we propose a phase diagram for the behavior of these strings as a function of coupling and radius. (orig.)
Constant curvature surfaces of the supersymmetric ℂP{sup N−1} sigma model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Delisle, L., E-mail: delisle@dms.umontreal.ca [Département de Mathématiques et de Statistique, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Hussin, V., E-mail: hussin@dms.umontreal.ca [Département de Mathématiques et de Statistique, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Centre de Recherches Mathématiques, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Yurduşen, İ., E-mail: yurdusen@hacettepe.edu.tr [Department of Mathematics, Hacettepe University, 06800 Beytepe, Ankara (Turkey); Zakrzewski, W. J., E-mail: w.j.zakrzewski@durham.ac.uk [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE,United Kingdom (United Kingdom)
2015-02-15
Constant curvature surfaces are constructed from the finite action solutions of the supersymmetric ℂP{sup N−1} sigma model. It is shown that there is a unique holomorphic solution which leads to constant curvature surfaces: the generalized Veronese curve. We give a general criterion to construct non-holomorphic solutions of the model. We extend our analysis to general supersymmetric Grassmannian models.
Contraction-based classification of supersymmetric extensions of kinematical lie algebras
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campoamor-Stursberg, R.; Rausch de Traubenberg, M.
2010-01-01
We study supersymmetric extensions of classical kinematical algebras from the point of view of contraction theory. It is shown that contracting the supersymmetric extension of the anti-de Sitter algebra leads to a hierarchy similar in structure to the classical Bacry-Levy-Leblond classification.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wolfgang Gregor Hollik
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Testing the stability of the electroweak vacuum in any extension of the Standard Model Higgs sector is of great importance to verify the consistency of the theory. Multi-scalar extensions as the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model generically lead to unstable configurations in certain regions of parameter space. An exact minimization of the scalar potential is rather an impossible analytic task. To give handy analytic constraints, a specific direction in field space has to be considered which is a simplification that tends to miss excluded regions, however good to quickly check parameter points. We describe a yet undescribed class of charge and color breaking minima as they appear in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, exemplarily for the case of non-vanishing bottom squark vacuum expectation values constraining the combination μYb in a non-trivial way. Contrary to famous A-parameter bounds, we relate the bottom Yukawa coupling with the supersymmetry breaking masses. Another bound can be found relating soft breaking masses and μ only. The exclusions follow from the tree-level minimization and can change dramatically using the one-loop potential. Estimates of the lifetime of unstable configurations show that they are either extremely short- or long-lived.
Tao, Lin; Zhu, Feng; Qin, Chu; Zhang, Cheng; Chen, Shangying; Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Cunlong; Tan, Chunyan; Gao, Chunmei; Chen, Zhe; Jiang, Yuyang; Chen, Yu Zong
2015-03-20
Some natural product leads of drugs (NPLDs) have been found to congregate in the chemical space. The extent, detailed patterns, and mechanisms of this congregation phenomenon have not been fully investigated and their usefulness for NPLD discovery needs to be more extensively tested. In this work, we generated and evaluated the distribution patterns of 442 NPLDs of 749 pre-2013 approved and 263 clinical trial small molecule drugs in the chemical space represented by the molecular scaffold and fingerprint trees of 137,836 non-redundant natural products. In the molecular scaffold trees, 62.7% approved and 37.4% clinical trial NPLDs congregate in 62 drug-productive scaffolds/scaffold-branches. In the molecular fingerprint tree, 82.5% approved and 63.0% clinical trial NPLDs are clustered in 60 drug-productive clusters (DCs) partly due to their preferential binding to 45 privileged target-site classes. The distribution patterns of the NPLDs are distinguished from those of the bioactive natural products. 11.7% of the NPLDs in these DCs have remote-similarity relationship with the nearest NPLD in their own DC. The majority of the new NPLDs emerge from preexisting DCs. The usefulness of the derived knowledge for NPLD discovery was demonstrated by the recognition of the new NPLDs of 2013-2014 approved drugs.
Supersymmetry breaking by dimensional reduction over coset spaces
Manousselis, P.; Zoupanos, G.
2001-04-01
We study the dimensional reduction of a ten-dimensional supersymmetric E8 gauge theory over six-dimensional coset spaces. We find that the coset space dimensional reduction over a symmetric coset space leaves the four dimensional gauge theory without any track of the original supersymmetry. On the contrary the dimensional reduction over a non-symmetric coset space leads to a softly broken supersymmetric gauge theory in four dimensions. The SO7/SO6 and G2/SU(3) are used as representative prototypes of symmetric and non symmetric coset spaces, respectively.
Ewert, Siobhan; Plettig, Philip; Li, Ningfei; Chakravarty, M Mallar; Collins, D Louis; Herrington, Todd M; Kühn, Andrea A; Horn, Andreas
2018-04-15
Three-dimensional atlases of subcortical brain structures are valuable tools to reference anatomy in neuroscience and neurology. For instance, they can be used to study the position and shape of the three most common deep brain stimulation (DBS) targets, the subthalamic nucleus (STN), internal part of the pallidum (GPi) and ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (VIM) in spatial relationship to DBS electrodes. Here, we present a composite atlas based on manual segmentations of a multimodal high resolution brain template, histology and structural connectivity. In a first step, four key structures were defined on the template itself using a combination of multispectral image analysis and manual segmentation. Second, these structures were used as anchor points to coregister a detailed histological atlas into standard space. Results show that this approach significantly improved coregistration accuracy over previously published methods. Finally, a sub-segmentation of STN and GPi into functional zones was achieved based on structural connectivity. The result is a composite atlas that defines key nuclei on the template itself, fills the gaps between them using histology and further subdivides them using structural connectivity. We show that the atlas can be used to segment DBS targets in single subjects, yielding more accurate results compared to priorly published atlases. The atlas will be made publicly available and constitutes a resource to study DBS electrode localizations in combination with modern neuroimaging methods. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yanpeng Li
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Radar is a very important sensor in surveillance applications. Near-space vehicle-borne radar (NSVBR is a novel installation of a radar system, which offers many benefits, like being highly suited to the remote sensing of extremely large areas, having a rapidly deployable capability and having low vulnerability to electronic countermeasures. Unfortunately, a target detection challenge arises because of complicated scenarios, such as nuclear blackout, rain attenuation, etc. In these cases, extra care is needed to evaluate the detection performance in blackout situations, since this a classical problem along with the application of an NSVBR. However, the existing evaluation measures are the probability of detection and the receiver operating curve (ROC, which cannot offer detailed information in such a complicated application. This work focuses on such requirements. We first investigate the effect of blackout on an electromagnetic wave. Performance evaluation indexes are then built: three evaluation indexes on the detection capability and two evaluation indexes on the robustness of the detection process. Simulation results show that the proposed measure will offer information on the detailed performance of detection. These measures are therefore very useful in detecting the target of interest in a remote sensing system and are helpful for both the NSVBR designers and users.
Li, Yanpeng; Li, Xiang; Wang, Hongqiang; Deng, Bin; Qin, Yuliang
2016-01-06
Radar is a very important sensor in surveillance applications. Near-space vehicle-borne radar (NSVBR) is a novel installation of a radar system, which offers many benefits, like being highly suited to the remote sensing of extremely large areas, having a rapidly deployable capability and having low vulnerability to electronic countermeasures. Unfortunately, a target detection challenge arises because of complicated scenarios, such as nuclear blackout, rain attenuation, etc. In these cases, extra care is needed to evaluate the detection performance in blackout situations, since this a classical problem along with the application of an NSVBR. However, the existing evaluation measures are the probability of detection and the receiver operating curve (ROC), which cannot offer detailed information in such a complicated application. This work focuses on such requirements. We first investigate the effect of blackout on an electromagnetic wave. Performance evaluation indexes are then built: three evaluation indexes on the detection capability and two evaluation indexes on the robustness of the detection process. Simulation results show that the proposed measure will offer information on the detailed performance of detection. These measures are therefore very useful in detecting the target of interest in a remote sensing system and are helpful for both the NSVBR designers and users.
Exact supersymmetric string solutions in curved gravitational backgrounds
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Kounnas, Costas
1994-01-01
We construct a new class of exact and stable superstring solutions based on $N=4$ superconformal world-sheet symmetry. In a subclass of these, the full spectrum of string excitations is derived in a modular-invariant way. In the weak curvature limit, our solutions describe a target space with non-trivial metric and topology, and generalize the previously known (semi) wormhole. The effective field theory limit is identified in certain cases, with solutions of the $N=4$ and $N=8$ extended gauged supergravities, in which the number of space-time supersymmetries is reduced by a factor of 2 because of the presence of non-trivial dilaton, gravitational and/or gauge backgrounds. In the context of string theory, our solutions correspond to stable non-critical superstrings in the strong coupling region; the super-Liouville field couples to a unitary matter system with central charge $5\\le{\\hat c}_M\\le 9$.
Sfermion mass degeneracy, superconformal dynamics, and supersymmetric grand unified theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Noguchi, Tatsuya; Nakano, Hiroaki; Terao, Haruhiko
2002-01-01
We discuss issues in a scenario where hierarchical Yukawa couplings are generated through the strong dynamics of superconformal field theories (SCFTs). Independently of the mediation mechanism of supersymmetry breaking, the infrared convergence property of SCFTs can provide an interesting solution to the supersymmetric flavor problem; sfermion masses are suppressed around the decoupling scale of SCFTs and eventually become degenerate to some degree, thanks to family-independent radiative corrections governed by the gaugino masses of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). We discuss under what conditions the degeneracy of the sfermion mass can be estimated in a simple manner. We also discuss the constraints from lepton flavor violations. We then explicitly study sfermion mass degeneracy within the framework of grand unified theories coupled to SCFTs. It is found that the degeneracy for right-handed sleptons becomes worse in the conventional SU(5) model than in the MSSM. On the other hand, in the flipped SU(5)xU(1) model, each right-handed lepton is still an SU(5) singlet, whereas the B-ino mass M 1 is determined by two independent gaugino masses of SU(5)xU(1). These two properties enable us to have an improved degeneracy for the right-handed sleptons. We also speculate on how further improvement can be obtained in the SCFT approach
Supersymmetric Extra Dimensions: Gravitino Effects in Selectron Pair Production
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sadri, Darius J
2002-04-05
We examine the phenomenological consequences of a supersymmetric bulk in the scenario of large extra dimensions. We assume supersymmetry is realized in the bulk and study the interactions of the resulting bulk gravitino Kaluza-Klein (KK) tower of states, with supersymmetry breaking on the brane inducing a light mass for the zero-mode gravitino. We derive the 4-d effective theory, including the couplings of the bulk gravitino KK states to fermions and their scalar superpartners. The virtual exchange of the gravitino KK states in selectron pair production in polarized e{sup +}e{sup -} collisions is then examined. We find that the leading order operator for this exchange is dimension six, in contrast to that of bulk graviton KK exchange which induces a dimension eight operator at lowest order. The resulting kinematic distributions for selectron production are dramatically altered from those in D = 4 supersymmetric scenarios, and can lead to a enormous sensitivity to the fundamental higher dimensional Planck scale, of order 20 - 25 x {radical}s.
The geometry of supermanifolds and new supersymmetric actions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. Castellani
2015-10-01
Full Text Available This is the first of two papers in which we construct the Hodge dual for supermanifolds by means of the Grassmannian Fourier transform of superforms. In this paper we introduce the fundamental concepts and a method for computing Hodge duals in simple cases. We refer to a subsequent publication [12] for a more general approach and the required mathematical details. In the case of supermanifolds it is known that superforms are not sufficient to construct a consistent integration theory and that integral forms are needed. They are distribution-like forms which can be integrated on supermanifolds as a top form can be integrated on a conventional manifold. In our construction of the Hodge dual of superforms they arise naturally. The compatibility between Hodge duality and supersymmetry is exploited and applied to several examples. We define the irreducible representations of supersymmetry in terms of integral and super forms in a new way which can be easily generalized to several models in different dimensions. The construction of supersymmetric actions based on the Hodge duality is presented and new supersymmetric actions with higher derivative terms are found. These terms are required by the invertibility of the Hodge operator.
Galactic diffusion and the antiproton signal of supersymmetric dark matter
Chardonnet, P; Salati, Pierre; Taillet, R
1996-01-01
The leaky box model is now ruled out by measurements of a cosmic ray gradient throughout the galactic disk. It needs to be replaced by a more refined treatment which takes into account the diffusion of cosmic rays in the magnetic fields of the Galaxy. We have estimated the flux of antiprotons on the Earth in the framework of a two-zone diffusion model. Those species are created by the spallation reactions of high-energy nuclei with the interstellar gas. Another potential source of antiprotons is the annihilation of supersymmetric particles in the dark halo that surrounds our Galaxy. In this letter, we investigate both processes. Special emphasis is given to the antiproton signature of supersymmetric dark matter. The corresponding signal exceeds the conventional spallation flux below 300 MeV, a domain that will be thoroughly explored by the Antimatter Spectrometer experiment. The propagation of the antiprotons produced in the remote regions of the halo back to the Earth plays a crucial role. Depending on the e...
Higgs Amplitudes from N=4 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory.
Brandhuber, Andreas; Kostacińska, Martyna; Penante, Brenda; Travaglini, Gabriele
2017-10-20
Higgs plus multigluon amplitudes in QCD can be computed in an effective Lagrangian description. In the infinite top-mass limit, an amplitude with a Higgs boson and n gluons is computed by the form factor of the operator TrF^{2}. Up to two loops and for three gluons, its maximally transcendental part is captured entirely by the form factor of the protected stress tensor multiplet operator T_{2} in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The next order correction involves the calculation of the form factor of the higher-dimensional, trilinear operator TrF^{3}. We present explicit results at two loops for three gluons, including the subleading transcendental terms derived from a particular descendant of the Konishi operator that contains TrF^{3}. These are expressed in terms of a few universal building blocks already identified in earlier calculations. We show that the maximally transcendental part of this quantity, computed in nonsupersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, is identical to the form factor of another protected operator, T_{3}, in the maximally supersymmetric theory. Our results suggest that the maximally transcendental part of Higgs amplitudes in QCD can be entirely computed through N=4 super Yang-Mills theory.
The geometry of supermanifolds and new supersymmetric actions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Castellani, L.; Catenacci, R.; Grassi, P.A.
2015-01-01
This is the first of two papers in which we construct the Hodge dual for supermanifolds by means of the Grassmannian Fourier transform of superforms. In this paper we introduce the fundamental concepts and a method for computing Hodge duals in simple cases. We refer to a subsequent publication [12] for a more general approach and the required mathematical details. In the case of supermanifolds it is known that superforms are not sufficient to construct a consistent integration theory and that integral forms are needed. They are distribution-like forms which can be integrated on supermanifolds as a top form can be integrated on a conventional manifold. In our construction of the Hodge dual of superforms they arise naturally. The compatibility between Hodge duality and supersymmetry is exploited and applied to several examples. We define the irreducible representations of supersymmetry in terms of integral and super forms in a new way which can be easily generalized to several models in different dimensions. The construction of supersymmetric actions based on the Hodge duality is presented and new supersymmetric actions with higher derivative terms are found. These terms are required by the invertibility of the Hodge operator.
Functional renormalisation group equations for supersymmetric field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Synatschke-Czerwonka, Franziska
2011-01-11
This work is organised as follows: In chapter 2 the basic facts of quantum field theory are collected and the functional renormalisation group equations are derived. Chapter 3 gives a short introduction to the main concepts of supersymmetry that are used in the subsequent chapters. In chapter 4 the functional RG is employed for a study of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, a supersymmetric model which are studied intensively in the literature. A lot of results have previously been obtained with different methods and we compare these to the ones from the FRG. We investigate the N=1 Wess-Zumino model in two dimensions in chapter 5. This model shows spontaneous supersymmetry breaking and an interesting fixed-point structure. Chapter 6 deals with the three dimensional N=1 Wess-Zumino model. Here we discuss the zero temperature case as well as the behaviour at finite temperature. Moreover, this model shows spontaneous supersymmetry breaking, too. In chapter 7 the two-dimensional N=(2,2) Wess-Zumino model is investigated. For the superpotential a non-renormalisation theorem holds and thus guarantees that the model is finite. This allows for a direct comparison with results from lattice simulations. (orig.)
On self-consistent N=1 supersymmetric composite models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pirogov, Yu.F.
1984-01-01
A class of fermion-boson N=1 supersymmetric composite models is considered. The models satisfy the anomaly matching condition, n-independence and the survival hypothesis. A unique admissible set of light states has been found under additional requirements for the two-particle metacolour force saturation, left-right discrete symmetry and observability of spectator states, on a par with the composite ones, the formey being necessary to compensate for axial anomalies. With respect to the unbroken chiral symmetry Gsup((MF))=SU(n)sub(L)xSU(n)sub(R), the light set has in left-chiral notations the form [(n(n-1)/2, 1)+(1, anti n(n-1)/2]+2(anti n, n)+[(n(n+1)/2/, 1)+(1, anti n(n-1)/2] independent of the metacolo group Gsup((MC)). The effective interaction theory for the light set on the mass scales, smaller than that of compositeness, is the N=1 supersymmetric grand unified model Gsup((MF))=SU(n)sub(L)xSU(n)sub(R). Here n=6, 8 are phenomenologically acceptable. On low mass scales, the light set transforms exactly into four families of ordinary leptons and quarks. In accordance with the survival hypothesis, all exotic states are naturally heavy under the spontaneous breaking of Gsup((MF)) to the low-energy standard model symmetry
Supersymmetric RG flows and Janus from type II orbifold compactification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Karndumri, Parinya; Upathambhakul, Khem [Chulalongkorn University, String Theory and Supergravity Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Bangkok (Thailand)
2017-07-15
We study holographic RG flow solutions within four-dimensional N = 4 gauged supergravity obtained from type IIA and IIB string theories compactified on T{sup 6}/Z{sub 2} x Z{sub 2} orbifold with gauge, geometric and non-geometric fluxes. In type IIB non-geometric compactifications, the resulting gauged supergravity has ISO(3) x ISO(3) gauge group and admits an N = 4 AdS{sub 4} vacuum dual to an N = 4 superconformal field theory (SCFT) in three dimensions. We study various supersymmetric RG flows from this N = 4 SCFT to N = 4 and N = 1 non-conformal field theories in the IR. The flows preserving N = 4 supersymmetry are driven by relevant operators of dimensions Δ = 1, 2 or alternatively by one of these relevant operators, dual to the dilaton, and irrelevant operators of dimensions Δ = 4 while the N = 1 flows in addition involve marginal deformations. Most of the flows can be obtained analytically. We also give examples of supersymmetric Janus solutions preserving N = 4 and N = 1 supersymmetries. These solutions should describe two-dimensional conformal defects within the dual N = 4 SCFT. Geometric compactifications of type IIA theory give rise to N = 4 gauged supergravity with ISO(3) x U(1){sup 6} gauge group. In this case, the resulting gauged supergravity admits an N = 1 AdS{sub 4} vacuum. We also numerically study possible N = 1 RG flows to non-conformal field theories in this case. (orig.)
Ishiki, Goro; Kim, Sang-Woo; Nishimura, Jun; Tsuchiya, Asato
2009-03-20
We test the recent claim that supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics with mass deformation preserving maximal supersymmetry can be used to study N=4 super Yang-Mills theory on R x S{3} in the planar limit. When the mass parameter is large, we can integrate out all of the massive fluctuations around a particular classical solution, which corresponds to R x S{3}. The resulting effective theory for the gauge field moduli at finite temperature reproduces the deconfinement phase transition in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory on R x S{3} at weak coupling. This transition was speculated to be a continuation of the conjectured phase transition at strong coupling, which corresponds to the Hawking-Page transition based on the gauge-gravity duality. At strong coupling, one can study the target theory by the new simulation method for supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics.
Supersymmetric non-singular fractional D2-branes and NS-NS 2-branes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cvetic, M.; Gibbons, G.W.; Lue, H.; Pope, C.N.
2001-01-01
We obtain regular deformed D2-brane solutions with fractional D2-branes arising as wrapped D4-branes. The space transverse to the D2-brane is a complete Ricci-flat 7-manifold of G 2 holonomy, which is asymptotically conical with principal orbits that are topologically CP 3 or the flag manifold SU(3)/(U(1)xU(1)). We obtain the solution by first constructing an L 2 normalisable harmonic 3-form. We also review a previously-obtained regular deformed D2-brane whose transverse space is a different 7-manifold of G 2 holonomy, with principal orbits that are topologically S 3 xS 3 . This describes D2-branes with fractional NS-NS 2-branes coming from the wrapping of 5-branes, which is supported by a non-normalisable harmonic 3-form on the 7-manifold. We prove that both types of solutions are supersymmetric, preserving 1/16 of the maximal supersymmetry and hence that they are dual to N=1 three-dimensional gauge theories. In each case, the spectrum for minimally-coupled scalars is discrete, indicating confinement in the infrared region of the dual gauge theories. We examine resolutions of other branes, and obtain necessary conditions for their regularity. The resolution of many of these seems to lie beyond supergravity. In the process of studying these questions, we construct new explicit examples of complete Ricci-flat metrics
New aspects of flavour model building in supersymmetric grand unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spinrath, Martin
2010-01-01
We derive predictions for Yukawa coupling ratios within Grand Unified Theories generated from operators with mass dimension four and five. These relations are a characteristic property of unified flavour models and can reduce the large number of free parameters related to the flavour sector of the Standard Model. The Yukawa couplings of the down-type quarks and charged leptons are affected within supersymmetric models by tan β-enhanced threshold corrections which can be sizeable if tan β is large. In this case their careful inclusion in the renormalisation group evolution is mandatory. We analyse these corrections and give simple analytic expressions and numerical estimates for them. The threshold corrections sensitively depend on the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. Especially, they determine the overall sign of the corrections and therefore if the affected Yukawa couplings are enhanced or suppressed. In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model many free parameters are introduced by supersymmetry breaking about which we make some plausible assumptions in our first simplified approach. In a second, more sophisticated approach we use three common breaking schemes in which all the soft breaking parameters at the electroweak scale can be calculated from only a handful of parameters. Within the second approach, we apply various phenomenological constraints on the supersymmetric parameters and find in this way new viable Yukawa coupling relations, for example y μ /y s =9/2 or 6 or y τ /y b =3/2 in SU(5). Furthermore, we study a special class of quark mass matrix textures for small tan β where θ u 13 =θ d 13 =0. We derive sum rules for the quark mixing parameters and find a simple relation between the two phases δ u 12 and δ d 12 and the right unitarity triangle angle α which suggests a simple phase structure for the quark mass matrices where one matrix element is purely imaginary and the remaining ones are purely real. To complement
Resummation for supersymmetric particle production at hadron colliders
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brensing, Silja Christine
2011-05-10
The search for supersymmetry is among the most important tasks at current and future colliders. Especially the production of coloured supersymmetric particles would occur copiously in hadronic collisions. Since these production processes are of high relevance for experimental searches accurate theoretical predictions are needed. Higher-order corrections in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) to these processes are dominated by large logarithmic terms due to the emission of soft gluons from initial-state and final-state particles. A systematic treatment of these logarithms to all orders in perturbation theory is provided by resummation methods. We perform the resummation of soft gluons at next-to-leading-logarithmic (NLL) accuracy for all possible production processes in the framework of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. In particular we consider pair production processes of mass-degenerate light-flavour squarks and gluinos as well as the pair production of top squarks and non-mass-degenerate bottom squarks. We present analytical results for all considered processes including the soft anomalous dimensions. Moreover numerical predictions for total cross sections and transverse-momentum distributions for both the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the Tevatron are presented. We provide an estimate of the theoretical uncertainty due to scale variation and the parton distribution functions. The inclusion of NLL corrections leads to a considerable reduction of the theoretical uncertainty due to scale variation and to an enhancement of the next-to-leading order (NLO) cross section predictions. The size of the soft-gluon corrections and the reduction in the scale uncertainty are most significant for processes involving gluino production. At the LHC, where the sensitivity to squark and gluino masses ranges up to 3 TeV, the corrections due to NLL resummation over and above the NLO predictions can be as high as 35 % in the case of gluino-pair production, whereas at the
New aspects of flavour model building in supersymmetric grand unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Spinrath, Martin
2010-05-19
We derive predictions for Yukawa coupling ratios within Grand Unified Theories generated from operators with mass dimension four and five. These relations are a characteristic property of unified flavour models and can reduce the large number of free parameters related to the flavour sector of the Standard Model. The Yukawa couplings of the down-type quarks and charged leptons are affected within supersymmetric models by tan {beta}-enhanced threshold corrections which can be sizeable if tan {beta} is large. In this case their careful inclusion in the renormalisation group evolution is mandatory. We analyse these corrections and give simple analytic expressions and numerical estimates for them. The threshold corrections sensitively depend on the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. Especially, they determine the overall sign of the corrections and therefore if the affected Yukawa couplings are enhanced or suppressed. In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model many free parameters are introduced by supersymmetry breaking about which we make some plausible assumptions in our first simplified approach. In a second, more sophisticated approach we use three common breaking schemes in which all the soft breaking parameters at the electroweak scale can be calculated from only a handful of parameters. Within the second approach, we apply various phenomenological constraints on the supersymmetric parameters and find in this way new viable Yukawa coupling relations, for example y{sub {mu}}/y{sub s}=9/2 or 6 or y{sub {tau}}/y{sub b}=3/2 in SU(5). Furthermore, we study a special class of quark mass matrix textures for small tan {beta} where {theta}{sup u}{sub 13}={theta}{sup d}{sub 13}=0. We derive sum rules for the quark mixing parameters and find a simple relation between the two phases {delta}{sup u}{sub 12} and {delta}{sup d}{sub 12} and the right unitarity triangle angle {alpha} which suggests a simple phase structure for the quark mass matrices where
Constraints on the rare tau decays from {mu} {yields} e{gamma} in the supersymmetric see-saw model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ibarra, A. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Simonetto, C. [Technische Univ., Muenchen (Germany). Physik-Department
2008-02-15
It is now a firmly established fact that all family lepton numbers are violated in Nature. In this paper we discuss the implications of this observation for future searches for rare tau decays in the supersymmetric see-saw model. Using the two loop renormalization group evolution of the soft terms and the Yukawa couplings we show that there exists a lower bound on the rate of the rare process {mu}{yields}e{gamma} of the form BR({mu}{yields}e{gamma})>or similar C x BR({tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma})BR({tau}{yields}e{gamma}), where C is a constant that depends on supersymmetric parameters. Our only assumption is the absence of cancellations among the high-energy see-saw parameters. We also discuss the implications of this bound for future searches for rare tau decays. In particular, for large regions of the mSUGRA parameter space, we show that present B-factories could discover either {tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma} or {tau}{yields}e{gamma}, but not both. (orig.)
Probing the R-parity violating supersymmetric effects in the exclusive c→d/sℓ+νℓ decays
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ru-Min Wang
2015-12-01
Full Text Available A lot of branching ratios of the exclusive c→d/sℓ+νℓ (ℓ=e,μ decays have been quite accurately measured by CLEO-c, BELLE, BABAR, BES(I, II, III, ALEPH and MARKIII Collaborations. We probe the R-parity violating supersymmetric effects in the exclusive c→d/sℓ+νℓ decays. From the latest experimental measurements, we obtain new upper limits on the relevant R-parity violating coupling parameters within the decays, and many upper limits are obtained for the first time. Using the constrained new parameter spaces, we predict the R-parity violating effects on the observables, which have not been measured yet. We find that the R-parity violating effects due to slepton exchange could be large on the branching ratios of Dd/s→e+νe decays and the normalized forward-backward asymmetries of Du/d→π/Kℓ+νℓ as well as Ds→Kℓ+νℓ decays, and the constrained squark exchange couplings have negligible effects in the exclusive c→d/sℓ+νℓ decays. Our results in this work could be used to probe new physics effects in the leptonic decays as well as the semileptonic decays, and will correlate with searches for direct supersymmetric signals at LHC and BESIII.
Electron and muon electric dipoles in supersymmetric scenarios
Romanino, Andrea; Romanino, Andrea; Strumia, Alessandro
2002-01-01
We study if a sizeable muon electric dipole can arise in supersymmetric frameworks able to account for the tight experimental bounds on sfermion masses, like an appropriate flavor symmetry, or like a flavor-blind mechanism of SUSY breaking (in presence of radiative corrections charchteristic of GUT models, or due to Yukawa couplings of neutrinos in see-saw models). In some cases it is possible to evade the naive scaling d_mu/d_e = m_mu/m_e and obtain a d_mu as large as 10^{-22--23} e cm. In most cases d_mu is around 10^{-24--25} e cm and (d_mu/d_e)/(m_mu/m_e) is only slightly different from one: this ratio contains interesting informations on the source of the dipoles and on the texture of the lepton Yukawa matrix. We also update GUT predictions for mu --> e gamma and related processes.
Radiative corrections to the masses of supersymmetric Higgs bosons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellis, J.; Zwirner, F.
1991-01-01
The lightest neutral Higgs boson in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model has a tree-level mass less than that of the Z 0 . We calculate radiative corrections to its mass and to that of the heavier CP-even neutral Higgs boson. We find large corrections that increase with the top quark and squark masses, and vary with the ratio of vacuum expectation values v 2 /v 1 . These radiative corrections can be as large as O(100) GeV, and have the effect of (i) invalidating lower bounds on v 2 /v 1 inferred from unsuccessful Higgs searches at LEP I, (ii) in many cases, increasing the mass of the lighter CP-even Higgs boson beyond m z , (iii) often, increasing the mass of the heavier CP-even Higgs boson beyond the LEP reach, into a range more accessible to the LHC or SSC. (orig.)
Searches for supersymmetric higgsinos with the ATLAS detector
Rossini, Lorenzo; The ATLAS collaboration
2018-01-01
A search for supersymmetric partners of the Higgs and gauge bosons (charginos and neutralinos) is presented in this work, using the data from the ATLAS experiment Considerations on the naturalness of the Higgs boson mass suggest that the two lightest neutralinos might be a mix of the partners of the Higgs and could have a similar mass. Using this scenario as reference, in the analysis we are searching for final states with pairs of electrons and muons with low transverse momentums coming from the decay of the two lightest neutralinos, high missing transvers momentum generated by neutrinos which are non detectable, and an energetic jet coming from QCD initial state radiation. Results are shown for the analysis obtained with 36 \\ifb, and limits are set on the mass parameter of the higgsinos.
New N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills path integral
Fu, Chih-Hao; Kallosh, Renata
2010-12-01
Using Lorentz-covariant spinor helicity formalism, we reorganize the unitary scalar superfield light-cone path integral for the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. In new variables in the chiral Fourier superspace, the quadratic and cubic parts of the classical action have manifest Lorentz, kinematical and dynamical supersymmetry, with the exception of terms which contribute only to the contact terms in the supergraphs with propagators shrinking to a point. These terms have the same structure as supergraphs with quartic light-cone vertices, which break dynamical supersymmetry. We present evidence that all complicated terms breaking dynamical supersymmetry have to cancel and therefore can be omitted. It is plausible that the new form of the path integral leads to a set of relatively simple unitarity based rules with manifest N=4 supersymmetry.
Anatomy of Higgs mass in supersymmetric inverse seesaw models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chun, Eung Jin, E-mail: ejchun@kias.re.kr [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Mummidi, V. Suryanarayana, E-mail: soori9@cts.iisc.ernet.in [Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Vempati, Sudhir K., E-mail: vempati@cts.iisc.ernet.in [Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)
2014-09-07
We compute the one loop corrections to the CP-even Higgs mass matrix in the supersymmetric inverse seesaw model to single out the different cases where the radiative corrections from the neutrino sector could become important. It is found that there could be a significant enhancement in the Higgs mass even for Dirac neutrino masses of O(30) GeV if the left-handed sneutrino soft mass is comparable or larger than the right-handed neutrino mass. In the case where right-handed neutrino masses are significantly larger than the supersymmetry breaking scale, the corrections can utmost account to an upward shift of 3 GeV. For very heavy multi TeV sneutrinos, the corrections replicate the stop corrections at 1-loop. We further show that general gauge mediation with inverse seesaw model naturally accommodates a 125 GeV Higgs with TeV scale stops.
Lepton Dipole Moments in Supersymmetric Low-Scale Seesaw Models
Ilakovac, Amon; Popov, Luka
2014-01-01
We study the anomalous magnetic and electric dipole moments of charged leptons in supersymmetric low-scale seesaw models with right-handed neutrino superfields. We consider a minimally extended framework of minimal supergravity, by assuming that CP violation originates from complex soft SUSY-breaking bilinear and trilinear couplings associated with the right-handed sneutrino sector. We present numerical estimates of the muon anomalous magnetic moment and the electron electric dipole moment (EDM), as functions of key model parameters, such as the Majorana mass scale mN and tan(\\beta). In particular, we find that the contributions of the singlet heavy neutrinos and sneutrinos to the electron EDM are naturally small in this model, of order 10^{-27} - 10^{-28} e cm, and can be probed in the present and future experiments.
Nucleon electric dipole moments in high-scale supersymmetric models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hisano, Junji; Kobayashi, Daiki; Kuramoto, Wataru; Kuwahara, Takumi
2015-01-01
The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of electron and nucleons are promising probes of the new physics. In generic high-scale supersymmetric (SUSY) scenarios such as models based on mixture of the anomaly and gauge mediations, gluino has an additional contribution to the nucleon EDMs. In this paper, we studied the effect of the CP-violating gluon Weinberg operator induced by the gluino chromoelectric dipole moment in the high-scale SUSY scenarios, and we evaluated the nucleon and electron EDMs in the scenarios. We found that in the generic high-scale SUSY models, the nucleon EDMs may receive the sizable contribution from the Weinberg operator. Thus, it is important to compare the nucleon EDMs with the electron one in order to discriminate among the high-scale SUSY models.
Neutron electric dipole moment in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Inui, T.; Mimura, Y.; Sakai, N.; Sasaki, T.
1995-01-01
The neutron electric dipole moment (EDM) due to the single quark EDM and to the transition EDM is calculated in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Assuming that the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix at the grand unification scale is the only source of CP violation, complex phases are induced in the parameters of soft supersymmetry breaking at low energies. The chargino one-loop diagram is found to give the dominant contribution of the order of 10 -27 similar 10 -29 e.cm for the quark EDM, assuming the light chargino mass and the universal scalar mass to be 50 GeV and 100 GeV, respectively. Therefore the neutron EDM in this class of model is difficult to measure experimentally. The gluino one-loop diagram also contributes due to the flavor changing gluino coupling. The transition EDM is found to give dominant contributions for certain parameter regions. (orig.)
Electric dipole moments from Yukawa phases in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Romanino, A.; Strumia, A.
1997-01-01
We study quark and electron EDMs generated by Yukawa couplings in supersymmetric models with different gauge groups, using the EDM properties under flavour transformations. In the MSSM (or if soft terms are mediated below the unification scale) the one-loop contributions to the neutron EDM are smaller than in previous computations based on numerical methods, although increasing as tan 3 β. A neutron EDM close to the experimental limits can be generated in SU(5), if tan β is large, through the u-quark EDM d u , proportional to tan 4 β. This effect has to be taken into account also in SO(10) with large tan β, where d u is comparable to the d quark EDM, proportional to tan β. (orig.)
A supersymmetric phase transition in Josephson-tunnel-junction arrays
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Foda, O.
1988-01-01
The fully frustrated XY model in two dimensions exhibits a vortex-unbinding as well as an Ising transition. If the Ising transition overlaps with the critical line that ends on the vortex transition: T I ≤T V , then the model is equivalent, at the overlap temperature, to a free massless field theory of 1 boson and 1 Majorana fermion, which is a superconformal field theory, of central charge c=3/2. The model is experimentally realized in terms of an array of Josephson-tunnel junctions in a transverse magnetic field. The experiment reveals a phase transition consistent with T I =T V . Thus, at the critical temperature, the array provides a physical realization of a supersymmetric quantum field theory. (orig.)
Supersymmetric phase transition in Josephson-tunnel-junction arrays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Foda, O.
1988-08-31
The fully frustrated XY model in two dimensions exhibits a vortex-unbinding as well as an Ising transition. If the Ising transition overlaps with the critical line that ends on the vortex transition: T/sub I/less than or equal toT/sub V/, then the model is equivalent, at the overlap temperature, to a free massless field theory of 1 boson and 1 Majorana fermion, which is a superconformal field theory, of central charge c=3/2. The model is experimentally realized in terms of an array of Josephson-tunnel junctions in a transverse magnetic field. The experiment reveals a phase transition consistent with T/sub I/=T/sub V/. Thus, at the critical temperature, the array provides a physical realization of a supersymmetric quantum field theory.
Indirect Effect of Supersymmetric Triplets in Stop Decays
de Blas, J; Ostdiek, B; Quiros, M
2014-01-01
We study an extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with a zero hypercharge triplet, and the effect that such a particle has on stop decays. This model has the capability of predicting a 125.5 GeV Higgs even in the presence of light stops and it can modify the diphoton rate by means of the extra charged fermion triplet coupled to the Higgs. Working in the limit where the scalar triplet decouples, and with small values of mA, we find that the fermion triplet can greatly affect the branching ratios of the stops, even in the absence of a direct stop-triplet coupling. We compare the triplet extension with the MSSM and discuss how the additional fields affect the search for stop pair production.
Asymmetry effects of supersymmetric QCD in dilepton production
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Contogouris, A.P.; Tanaka, H.
1985-01-01
A Callan-Gross-type relation between the structure functions determining dilepton production, which is satisfied by the basic O(1) and O(α/sub s/) subprocesses of conventional QCD, is investigated in supersymmetric QCD (SQCD). It is found that SQCD subprocesses, mainly due to the presence of scalar quarks, strongly violate this relation, thus leading to sizable asymmetry effects in the angular distribution of dileptons. As an illustration, calculations are carried for p-barp→l + l - +X at CERN collider and Fermilab Tevatron energies (√s = 540 and 1600 GeV, respectively) and for pp→l + l - +X at Tevatron energy; with scalar quarks of mass 20 GeV and light gluinos, asymmetries in the range of 20%--5% are found. The significance of the effects as a test of the short-distance structure of SQCD (valence part of the scalar-quark distribution) is discussed
Supersymmetric electroweak baryogenesis, nonequilibrium field theory and quantum Boltzmann equations
Riotto, Antonio
1998-01-01
The closed time-path (CPT) formalism is a powerful Green's function formulation to describe nonequilibrium phenomena in field theory and it leads to a complete nonequilibrium quantum kinetic theory. In this paper we make use of the CPT formalism to write down a set of quantum Boltzmann equations describing the local number density asymmetries of the particles involved in supersymmetric electroweak baryogenesis. These diffusion equations automatically and self-consistently incorporate the CP-violating sources which fuel baryogenesis when transport properties allow the CP-violating charges to diffuse in front of the bubble wall separating the broken from the unbroken phase at the electroweak phase transition. This is a significant improvement with respect to recent approaches where the CP-violating sources are inserted by hand into the diffusion equations. Furthermore, the CP-violating sources and the particle number changing interactions manifest ``memory'' effects which are typical of the quantum transp ort t...
Wei, Caisheng; Luo, Jianjun; Dai, Honghua; Bian, Zilin; Yuan, Jianping
2018-05-01
In this paper, a novel learning-based adaptive attitude takeover control method is investigated for the postcapture space robot-target combination with guaranteed prescribed performance in the presence of unknown inertial properties and external disturbance. First, a new static prescribed performance controller is developed to guarantee that all the involved attitude tracking errors are uniformly ultimately bounded by quantitatively characterizing the transient and steady-state performance of the combination. Then, a learning-based supplementary adaptive strategy based on adaptive dynamic programming is introduced to improve the tracking performance of static controller in terms of robustness and adaptiveness only utilizing the input/output data of the combination. Compared with the existing works, the prominent advantage is that the unknown inertial properties are not required to identify in the development of learning-based adaptive control law, which dramatically decreases the complexity and difficulty of the relevant controller design. Moreover, the transient and steady-state performance is guaranteed a priori by designer-specialized performance functions without resorting to repeated regulations of the controller parameters. Finally, the three groups of illustrative examples are employed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control method.
The supersymmetric configurations of N=2, d=4 supergravity coupled to vector supermultiplets
Meessen, P
2006-01-01
We classify all the supersymmetric configurations of ungauged N=2,d=4 supergravity coupled to n vector multiplets and determine under which conditions they are also classical solutions of the equations of motion. The supersymmetric configurations fall into two classes, depending on the timelike or null nature of the Killing vector constructed from Killing spinor bilinears. The timelike class configurations are essentially the ones found by Behrndt, Luest and Sabra, which exhaust this class and are the ones that include supersymmetric black holes. The null class configurations include pp-waves and cosmic strings.
Cosmological implications of a supersymmetric extension of the Brans-Dicke theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Catena, R.
2007-09-15
In the Brans-Dicke theory the Planck mass is replaced by a dynamical scalar field. We consider here the supersymmetric analogous of this mechanism replacing in the supergravity Lagrangian the Planck mass with a chiral superfield. This analysis is motivated by the research of possible connections between supersymmetric Dark Matter scenarios and Dark Energy models based on Brans-Dicke-like theories. We find that, contrary to the original Brans-Dicke theory, in its supersymmetric analogous the gravitational sector does not couple to the matter sector in a universal metric way. As a result, violations of the weak equivalence principle could be present in such a scenario. (orig.)
Search for supersymmetric particles in scenarios with gravitino LSP and stau NLSP
Abreu, P.; Adye, T.; Adzic, P.; Albrecht, Z.; Alderweireld, T.; Alekseev, G.D.; Alemany, R.; Allmendinger, T.; Allport, P.P.; Almehed, S.; Amaldi, U.; Amapane, N.; Amato, S.; Anassontzis, E.G.; Andersson, P.; Andreazza, A.; Andringa, S.; Antilogus, P.; Apel, W.D.; Arnoud, Y.; Asman, B.; Augustin, J.E.; Augustinus, A.; Baillon, P.; Ballestrero, A.; Bambade, P.; Barao, F.; Barbiellini, G.; Barbier, R.; Bardin, D.Yu.; Barker, G.J.; Baroncelli, A.; Battaglia, M.; Baubillier, M.; Becks, K.H.; Begalli, M.; Behrmann, A.; Beilliere, P.; Belokopytov, Yu.; Belous, K.; Benekos, N.C.; Benvenuti, A.C.; Berat, C.; Berggren, M.; Bertrand, D.; Besancon, M.; Bilenky, Mikhail S.; Bizouard, M.A.; Bloch, D.; Blom, H.M.; Bonesini, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Booth, P.S.L.; Borisov, G.; Bosio, C.; Botner, O.; Boudinov, E.; Bouquet, B.; Bourdarios, C.; Bowcock, T.J.V.; Boyko, I.; Bozovic, I.; Bozzo, M.; Bracko, M.; Branchini, P.; Brenner, R.A.; Bruckman, P.; Brunet, J.M.; Bugge, L.; Buran, T.; Buschbeck, B.; Buschmann, P.; Cabrera, S.; Caccia, M.; Calvi, M.; Camporesi, T.; Canale, V.; Carena, F.; Carroll, L.; Caso, C.; Castillo Gimenez, M.V.; Cattai, A.; Cavallo, F.R.; Chabaud, V.; Chapkin, M.; Charpentier, P.; Checchia, P.; Chelkov, G.A.; Chierici, R.; Shlyapnikov, P.; Chochula, P.; Chorowicz, V.; Chudoba, J.; Cieslik, K.; Collins, P.; Contri, R.; Cortina, E.; Cosme, G.; Cossutti, F.; Costa, M.; Crawley, H.B.; Crennell, D.; Crepe-Renaudin, Sabine; Crosetti, G.; Cuevas Maestro, J.; Czellar, S.; Davenport, M.; Da Silva, W.; Della Ricca, G.; Delpierre, P.A.; Demaria, N.; De Angelis, A.; de Boer, W.; De Clercq, C.; De Lotto, B.; De Min, A.; De Paula, L.; Dijkstra, H.; Di Ciaccio, L.; Dolbeau, J.; Doroba, K.; Dracos, M.; Drees, J.; Dris, M.; Duperrin, A.; Durand, J.D.; Eigen, G.; Ekelof, T.; Ekspong, G.; Ellert, M.; Elsing, M.; Engel, J.P.; Espirito Santo, M.C.; Fanourakis, G.; Fassouliotis, D.; Fayot, J.; Feindt, M.; Ferrer, A.; Ferrer-Ribas, E.; Ferro, F.; Fichet, S.; Firestone, A.; Flagmeyer, U.; Foeth, H.; Fokitis, E.; Fontanelli, F.; Franek, B.; Frodesen, A.G.; Fruhwirth, R.; Fulda-Quenzer, F.; Fuster, J.; Galloni, A.; Gamba, D.; Gamblin, S.; Gandelman, M.; Garcia, C.; Gaspar, C.; Gaspar, M.; Gasparini, U.; Gavillet, P.; Gazis, Evangelos; Gele, D.; Geralis, T.; Ghodbane, N.; Gil Botella, Ines; Glege, F.; Gokieli, R.; Golob, B.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncalves, P.; Gonzalez Caballero, I.; Gopal, G.; Gorn, L.; Guz, Yu.; Gracco, V.; Grahl, J.; Graziani, E.; Gris, P.; Grosdidier, G.; Grzelak, K.; Guy, J.; Haag, C.; Hahn, F.; Hahn, S.; Haider, S.; Hallgren, A.; Hamacher, K.; Hansen, J.; Harris, F.J.; Hauler, F.; Hedberg, V.; Heising, S.; Hernandez, J.J.; Herquet, P.; Herr, H.; Hessing, T.L.; Heuser, J.M.; Higon, E.; Holmgren, S.O.; Holt, P.J.; Hoorelbeke, S.; Houlden, M.; Hrubec, J.; Huber, M.; Huet, K.; Hughes, G.J.; Hultqvist, K.; Jackson, John Neil; Jacobsson, R.; Jalocha, P.; Janik, R.; Jarlskog, C.; Jarlskog, G.; Jarry, P.; Jean-Marie, B.; Jeans, D.; Johansson, Erik Karl; Jonsson, P.; Joram, C.; Juillot, P.; Jungermann, L.; Kapusta, Frederic; Karafasoulis, K.; Katsanevas, S.; Katsoufis, E.C.; Keranen, R.; Kernel, G.; Kersevan, B.P.; Khokhlov, Yu.A.; Khomenko, B.A.; Khovanskii, N.N.; Kiiskinen, A.; King, B.J.; Kinvig, A.; Kjaer, N.J.; Klapp, O.; Klein, Hansjorg; Kluit, P.; Kokkinias, P.; Kostyukhin, V.; Kourkoumelis, C.; Kuznetsov, O.; Krammer, M.; Kriznic, E.; Krumshtein, Z.; Kubinec, P.; Kurowska, J.; Kurvinen, K.; Lamsa, J.W.; Lane, D.W.; Lapin, V.; Laugier, J.P.; Lauhakangas, R.; Leder, G.; Ledroit, Fabienne; Lefebure, V.; Leinonen, L.; Leisos, A.; Leitner, R.; Lenzen, G.; Lepeltier, V.; Lesiak, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Libby, J.; Liebig, W.; Liko, D.; Lipniacka, A.; Lippi, I.; Loerstad, B.; Loken, J.G.; Lopes, J.H.; Lopez, J.M.; Lopez-Fernandez, R.; Loukas, D.; Lutz, P.; Lyons, L.; MacNaughton, J.; Mahon, J.R.; Maio, A.; Malek, A.; Malmgren, T.G.M.; Maltezos, S.; Malychev, V.; Mandl, F.; Marco, J.; Marco, R.; Marechal, B.; Margoni, M.; Marin, J.C.; Mariotti, C.; Markou, A.; Martinez-Rivero, C.; Marti i Garcia, S.; Masik, J.; Mastroyiannopoulos, N.; Matorras, F.; Matteuzzi, C.; Matthiae, G.; Mazzucato, F.; Mazzucato, M.; McCubbin, M.; McKay, R.; McNulty, R.; McPherson, G.; Meroni, C.; Meyer, W.T.; Myagkov, A.; Migliore, E.; Mirabito, L.; Mitaroff, W.A.; Mjornmark, U.; Moa, T.; Moch, M.; Moller, Rasmus; Monig, Klaus; Monge, M.R.; Moraes, D.; Moreau, X.; Morettini, P.; Morton, G.; Muller, U.; Muenich, K.; Mulders, M.; Mulet-Marquis, C.; Muresan, R.; Murray, W.J.; Muryn, B.; Myatt, G.; Myklebust, T.; Naraghi, F.; Nassiakou, M.; Navarria, F.L.; Nawrocki, K.; Negri, P.; Neufeld, N.; Nicolaidou, R.; Nielsen, B.S.; Niezurawski, P.; Nikolenko, M.; Nomokonov, V.; Nygren, A.; Obraztsov, V.F.; Olshevskii, A.G.; Onofre, A.; Orava, R.; Orazi, G.; Osterberg, K.; Ouraou, A.; Oyanguren, A.; Paganoni, M.; Paiano, S.; Pain, R.; Paiva, R.; Palacios, J.; Palka, H.; Papadopoulou, T.D.; Pape, L.; Parkes, C.; Parodi, F.; Parzefall, U.; Passeri, A.; Passon, O.; Pavel, T.; Pegoraro, M.; Peralta, L.; Pernicka, M.; Perrotta, A.; Petridou, C.; Petrolini, A.; Phillips, H.T.; Pierre, F.; Pimenta, M.; Piotto, E.; Podobnik, T.; Pol, M.E.; Polok, G.; Poropat, P.; Pozdnyakov, V.; Privitera, P.; Pukhaeva, N.; Pullia, A.; Radojicic, D.; Ragazzi, S.; Rahmani, H.; Rames, J.; Ratoff, P.N.; Read, Alexander L.; Rebecchi, P.; Redaelli, Nicola Giuseppe; Regler, M.; Rehn, J.; Reid, D.; Reinertsen, P.; Reinhardt, R.; Renton, P.B.; Resvanis, L.K.; Richard, F.; Ridky, J.; Rinaudo, G.; Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle; Rohne, O.; Romero, A.; Ronchese, P.; Rosenberg, E.I.; Rosinsky, P.; Roudeau, P.; Rovelli, T.; Royon, C.; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V.; Ruiz, A.; Saarikko, H.; Sacquin, Y.; Sadovskii, A.; Sajot, G.; Salt, J.; Sampsonidis, D.; Sannino, M.; Schwemling, P.; Schwering, B.; Schwickerath, U.; Scuri, Fabrizio; Seager, P.; Sedykh, Yu.; Segar, A.M.; Seibert, N.; Sekulin, R.; Shellard, R.C.; Siebel, M.; Simard, L.; Simonetto, F.; Sisakian, A.N.; Smadja, G.; Smirnova, O.; Smith, G.R.; Solovianov, O.; Sopczak, A.; Sosnowski, R.; Spassoff, Tz.; Spiriti, E.; Squarcia, S.; Stanescu, C.; Stanic, S.; Stanitzki, M.; Stevenson, K.; Stocchi, A.; Strauss, J.; Strub, R.; Stugu, B.; Szczekowski, M.; Szeptycka, M.; Tabarelli de Fatis, T.; Taffard, A.; Tegenfeldt, F.; Terranova, F.; Thomas, J.; Timmermans, Jan; Tinti, N.; Tkatchev, L.G.; Tobin, M.; Todorova, S.; Tomaradze, A.G.; Tome, B.; Tonazzo, A.; Tortora, L.; Tortosa, P.; Transtromer, G.; Treille, D.; Tristram, G.; Trochimczuk, M.; Troncon, C.; Turluer, M.L.; Tyapkin, I.A.; Tyapkin, P.; Tzamarias, S.; Ullaland, O.; Uvarov, V.; Valenti, G.; Vallazza, E.; Van Dam, Piet; Vanden Boeck, W.; Van Eldik, J.; Van Lysebetten, A.; van Remortel, N.; Van Vulpen, I.; Vegni, G.; Ventura, L.; Venus, W.; Verbeure, F.; Verdier, P.; Verlato, M.; Vertogradov, L.S.; Verzi, V.; Vilanova, D.; Vitale, L.; Vlasov, E.; Vodopianov, A.S.; Voulgaris, G.; Vrba, V.; Wahlen, H.; Walck, C.; Washbrook, A.J.; Weiser, C.; Wicke, D.; Wickens, J.H.; Wilkinson, G.R.; Winter, M.; Witek, M.; Wolf, G.; Yi, J.; Yushchenko, O.; Zalewska, A.; Zalewski, P.; Zavrtanik, D.; Zevgolatakos, E.; Zimine, N.I.; Zintchenko, A.; Zoller, P.; Zucchelli, G.C.; Zumerle, G.
2000-01-01
Sleptons, neutralinos and charginos were searched for in the context of scenarios where the lightest supersymmetric particle isthe gravitino.It was assumed that the stau is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle.Data collected with the DELPHI detector at a centre-of-mass energy near 189 GeV were analysed combining the methods developed in previous searches at lower energies.No evidence for the production of these supersymmetric particles was found. Hence, limits were derived at 95\\% confidence level.
The electric dipole moment of the neutron in the left-right supersymmetric model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frank, M.
1999-01-01
We calculate the neutron electric dipole moment (EDM) in the left-right supersymmetric model, including one-loop contributions from the chargino, the neutralino and the gluino diagrams. We discuss the dependence of the EDM on the phases of the model, as well as on the mass parameters in the left and right sectors. The neutron EDM imposes different conditions on the supersymmetric spectrum from either the electron EDM, or the neutron EDM in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The neutron EDM may be a clue to an extended gauge structure in supersymmetry. (author)
Irreps and off-shell invariant actions of the N-extended supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Toppan, Francesco. E-mail: toppan@cbpf.br
2006-10-15
The complete classification of the irreducible representations of the N-extended one-dimensional supersymmetry algebra linearly realized on a finite number of fields is presented. Off-shell invariant actions of one-dimensional supersymmetric sigma models are constructed. The role of both Clifford algebras and the Cayley-Dickson's doubling of algebras in association with the N-extended supersymmetries is discussed. We prove in specific examples that the octonionic structure constants enter the N = 8 invariant actions as coupling constants. We further explain how to relate one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanical systems to the dimensional reduction of higher-dimensional supersymmetric theories. (author)
Fini, C; Brass, M; Committeri, G
2015-01-01
Space perception depends on our motion potentialities and our intended actions are affected by space perception. Research on peripersonal space (the space in reaching distance) shows that we perceive an object as being closer when we (Witt, Proffitt, & Epstein, 2005; Witt & Proffitt, 2008) or another actor (Costantini, Ambrosini, Sinigaglia, & Gallese, 2011; Bloesch, Davoli, Roth, Brockmole, & Abrams, 2012) can interact with it. Similarly, an object only triggers specific movements when it is placed in our peripersonal space (Costantini, Ambrosini, Tieri, Sinigaglia, & Committeri, 2010) or in the other's peripersonal space (Costantini, Committeri, & Sinigaglia, 2011; Cardellicchio, Sinigaglia, & Costantini, 2013). Moreover, also the extrapersonal space (the space outside reaching distance) seems to be perceived in relation to our movement capabilities: the more effort it takes to cover a distance, the greater we perceive the distance to be (Proffitt, Stefanucci, Banton, & Epstein, 2003; Sugovic & Witt, 2013). However, not much is known about the influence of the other's movement potentialities on our extrapersonal space perception. Three experiments were carried out investigating the categorization of distance in extrapersonal space using human or non-human allocentric reference frames (RF). Subjects were asked to judge the distance ("Near" or "Far") of a target object (a beach umbrella) placed at progressively increasing or decreasing distances until a change from near to far or vice versa was reported. In the first experiment we found a significant "Near space extension" when the allocentric RF was a human virtual agent instead of a static, inanimate object. In the second experiment we tested whether the "Near space extension" depended on the anatomical structure of the RF or its movement potentialities by adding a wooden dummy. The "Near space extension" was only observed for the human agent but not for the dummy. Finally, to rule out the possibility that the
More on supersymmetric and 2d analogs of the SYK model
Murugan, Jeff; Stanford, Douglas; Witten, Edward
2017-08-01
In this paper, we explore supersymmetric and 2d analogs of the SYK model. We begin by working out a basis of (super)conformal eigenfunctions appropriate for expanding a four-point function. We use this to clarify some details of the 1d supersymmetric SYK model. We then introduce new bosonic and supersymmetric analogs of SYK in two dimensions. These theories consist of N fields interacting with random q-field interactions. Although models built entirely from bosons appear to be problematic, we find a supersymmetric model that flows to a large N CFT with interaction strength of order one. We derive an integral formula for the four-point function at order 1 /N , and use it to compute the central charge, chaos exponent and some anomalous dimensions. We describe a problem that arises if one tries to find a 2d SYK-like CFT with a continuous global symmetry.
Superfield approach to calculation of effective potential in supersymmetric field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bukhbinder, I.L.; Kuzenko, S.M.; Yarevskaya, Zh.V.
1993-01-01
Superfield method of computing effective potential in supersymmetric field theories is suggested. The one-loop effective potential of the Wess-Zumino model is found. The prescription for obtaining multi-loop corrections is described
Supersymmetric Proof of the Hirzebruch-Riemann-Roch Theorem for Non-Kähler Manifolds
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrei V. Smilga
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We present the proof of the HRR theorem for a generic complex compact manifold by evaluating the functional integral for the Witten index of the appropriate supersymmetric quantum mechanical system.
The hyper-Kaehler supersymmetric sigma-model in six dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sierra, G.; Townsend, P.K.
1983-01-01
The maximally supersymmetric, hyper-Kaehler, sigma-model is given in six-dimensional superfield form. The hyper-Kaehler condition follows from the requirements that the equations of motion be derivable from an action. (orig.)
The role of field redefinition on renormalisability of a general N=12 supersymmetric gauge theories
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A.F. Kord
2015-04-01
Full Text Available We investigate some issues on renormalisability of non-anticommutative supersymmetric gauge theory related to field redefinitions. We study one loop corrections to N=12 supersymmetric SU(N×U(1 gauge theory coupled to chiral matter in component formalism, and show the procedure which has been introduced for renormalisation is problematic because some terms which are needed for the renormalisability of theory are missed from the Lagrangian. In order to prove the theory is renormalisable, we redefine the gaugino and the auxiliary fields (λ,F¯, which result in a modified form of the Lagrangian in the component formalism. Then, we show the modified Lagrangian has extra terms which are necessary for renormalisability of non-anticommutative supersymmetric gauge field theories. Finally, we prove N=12 supersymmetric gauge theory is renormalisable up to one loop corrections using standard method of renormalisation; besides, it is shown the effective action is gauge invariant.
Dark Matter before the LHC in a Natural Supersymmetric Standard Model
Kitano, R; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Nomura, Yasunori
2006-01-01
We show that the solid lower bound of about 10^{-44} cm^2 is obtained for the cross section between the supersymmetric dark matter and nucleon in a theory in which the supersymmetric fine-tuning problem is solved without extending the Higgs sector at the weak scale. This bound arises because of relatively small superparticle masses and a fortunate correlation that the two dominant diagrams for the dark matter detection always interfere constructively if the constraint from the b -> s \\gamma measurements is obeyed. It is, therefore, quite promising in the present scenario that the supersymmetric dark matter is discovered before the LHC, assuming that the dark matter is the lightest supersymmetric particle.
Anatomy and phenomenology of flavor and CP violation in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang
2010-01-01
The main subject of this PhD thesis is a comprehensive and systematic analysis of flavor and CP violating low energy processes in the framework of the MSSM, the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. Supersymmetric (SUSY) models are among the best motivated and most thoroughly analyzed New Physics (NP) models. The new degrees of freedom predicted by Supersymmetry are expected to have masses of the order of the TeV scale and the direct search for these particles is one of the major goals at the LHC. A complementary strategy to probe the MSSM is given by the analysis of low energy high-precision observables, that can be modified through virtual effects of the new degrees of freedom. Of particular importance in this respect are so-called Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes that, forbidden in the Standard Model at the tree level, are highly sensitive probes of the flavor structure of NP models. We first analyze model independently low energy processes that show high sensitivity to the new sources of flavor and CP violation contained in the MSSM. Next, we discuss in detail the rich flavor structure of the MSSM and the implied SUSY contributions to FCNC and CP violating observables both in the low and high tan β regime. In fact, well measured low energy observables lead to remarkably strong constraints on the MSSM parameter space, which is often referred to as the SUSY flavor problem. We outline possibilities to control dangerously large SUSY effects in such observables and analyze the implied predictions for those low energy processes that are not measured with high precision, yet. We consider both the Minimal Flavor Violating MSSM and SUSY models based on abelian and non-abelian flavor symmetries that show representative flavor structures in the soft SUSY breaking terms. We identify the distinctive patterns of SUSY effects in the low energy observables, focussing in particular on CP violation in the b → sγ transition, the B s mixing
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Metzger, St
2005-12-15
This thesis presents various ways to construct four-dimensional quantum field theories from string theory. In a first part we study the generation of a supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, coupled to an adjoint chiral superfield, from type IIB string theory on non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds, with D-branes wrapping certain sub-cycles. Properties of the gauge theory are then mapped to the geometric structure of the Calabi-Yau space. Even if the Calabi-Yau geometry is too complicated to evaluate the geometric integrals explicitly, one can then always use matrix model perturbation theory to calculate the effective superpotential. The second part of this work covers the generation of four-dimensional super-symmetric gauge theories, carrying several important characteristic features of the standard model, from compactifications of eleven-dimensional supergravity on G{sub 2}-manifolds. If the latter contain conical singularities, chiral fermions are present in the four-dimensional gauge theory, which potentially lead to anomalies. We show that, locally at each singularity, these anomalies are cancelled by the non-invariance of the classical action through a mechanism called 'anomaly inflow'. Unfortunately, no explicit metric of a compact G{sub 2}-manifold is known. Here we construct families of metrics on compact weak G{sub 2}-manifolds, which contain two conical singularities. Weak G{sub 2}-manifolds have properties that are similar to the ones of proper G{sub 2}-manifolds, and hence the explicit examples might be useful to better understand the generic situation. Finally, we reconsider the relation between eleven-dimensional supergravity and the E{sub 8} x E{sub 8}-heterotic string. This is done by carefully studying the anomalies that appear if the supergravity theory is formulated on a ten-manifold times the interval. Again we find that the anomalies cancel locally at the boundaries of the interval through anomaly inflow, provided one suitably modifies the
Anatomy and phenomenology of flavor and CP violation in supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang
2010-07-20
The main subject of this PhD thesis is a comprehensive and systematic analysis of flavor and CP violating low energy processes in the framework of the MSSM, the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. Supersymmetric (SUSY) models are among the best motivated and most thoroughly analyzed New Physics (NP) models. The new degrees of freedom predicted by Supersymmetry are expected to have masses of the order of the TeV scale and the direct search for these particles is one of the major goals at the LHC. A complementary strategy to probe the MSSM is given by the analysis of low energy high-precision observables, that can be modified through virtual effects of the new degrees of freedom. Of particular importance in this respect are so-called Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes that, forbidden in the Standard Model at the tree level, are highly sensitive probes of the flavor structure of NP models. We first analyze model independently low energy processes that show high sensitivity to the new sources of flavor and CP violation contained in the MSSM. Next, we discuss in detail the rich flavor structure of the MSSM and the implied SUSY contributions to FCNC and CP violating observables both in the low and high tan {beta} regime. In fact, well measured low energy observables lead to remarkably strong constraints on the MSSM parameter space, which is often referred to as the SUSY flavor problem. We outline possibilities to control dangerously large SUSY effects in such observables and analyze the implied predictions for those low energy processes that are not measured with high precision, yet. We consider both the Minimal Flavor Violating MSSM and SUSY models based on abelian and non-abelian flavor symmetries that show representative flavor structures in the soft SUSY breaking terms. We identify the distinctive patterns of SUSY effects in the low energy observables, focussing in particular on CP violation in the b {yields} s{gamma} transition, the
Barbee, Brent; Mink, Ronald; Adamo, Daniel
2011-01-01
Near-Earth Asteroids (NEAs) have been identified by the current administration as potential destinations for human explorers during the mid-2020s. While the close proximity of these objects' orbits to Earth's orbit creates a risk of highly damaging or catastrophic impacts, it also makes some of these objects particularly accessible to spacecraft departing Earth, and this presents unique opportunities for solar system science and humanity's first ventures beyond cislunar space. Planning such ambitious missions first requires the selection of potentially accessible targets from the growing population of nearly 7,800 NEAs. To accomplish this, NASA is conducting the Near-Earth Object (NEO) Human Space Flight (HSF) Accessible Targets Study (NHATS). Phase I of the NHATS was executed during September of 2010, and Phase II was completed by early March of 2011. The study is ongoing because previously undetected NEAs are being discovered constantly, which has motivated an effort to automate the analysis algorithms in order to provide continuous monitoring of NEA accessibility. The NHATS analysis process consists of a trajectory filter and a minimum maximum estimated size criterion. The trajectory filter employs the method of embedded trajectory grids to compute all possible ballistic round-trip mission trajectories to every NEA in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Small-Body Database (SBDB) and stores all solutions that satisfy the trajectory filter criteria. An NEA must offer at least one qualifying trajectory solution to pass the trajectory filter. The Phase II NHATS filter criteria were purposely chosen to be highly inclusive, requiring Earth departure date between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2040, total round-trip flight time = 8 days, Earth departure C(sub 3) energy trajectory solution meeting the criteria, the estimated size constraint is then imposed whereby those NEAs may only be considered NHATS- qualifying NEAs if their maximum estimated size is >= 30 m
On the Higgs-like boson in the minimal supersymmetric 3-3-1 model
Ferreira, J. G.; Pires, C. A. de S.; da Silva, P. S. Rodrigues; Siqueira, Clarissa
2018-03-01
It is imperative that any proposal of new physics beyond the standard model possesses a Higgs-like boson with 125 GeV of mass and couplings with the standard particles that recover the branching ratios and signal strengths as measured by CMS and ATLAS. We address this issue within the supersymmetric version of the minimal 3-3-1 model. For this we develop the Higgs potential with focus on the lightest Higgs provided by the model. Our proposal is to verify if it recovers the properties of the Standard Model Higgs. With respect to its mass, we calculate it up to one loop level by taking into account all contributions provided by the model. In regard to its couplings, we restrict our investigation to couplings of the Higgs-like boson with the standard particles, only. We then calculate the dominant branching ratios and the respective signal strengths and confront our results with the recent measurements of CMS and ATLAS. As distinctive aspects, we remark that our Higgs-like boson intermediates flavor changing neutral processes and has as signature the decay t → h+c. We calculate its branching ratio and compare it with current bounds. We also show that the Higgs potential of the model is stable for the region of parameter space employed in our calculations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rosu, Haret C., E-mail: hcr@ipicyt.edu.mx [IPICYT, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica, Camino a la presa San José 2055, Col. Lomas 4a Sección, 78216 San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Mancas, Stefan C., E-mail: mancass@erau.edu [Department of Mathematics, Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL 32114-3900 (United States); Chen, Pisin, E-mail: pisinchen@phys.ntu.edu.tw [Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics (LeCosPA) and Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
2014-04-15
In the context of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we define a potential through a particular Riccati solution of the composition form (F∘f)(x)=F(f(x)) and obtain a generalized Mielnik construction of one-parameter isospectral potentials when we use the general Riccati solution. Some examples for special cases of F and f are given to illustrate the method. An interesting result is obtained in the case of a parametric double well potential generated by this method, for which it is shown that the parameter of the potential controls the heights of the localization probability in the two wells, and for certain values of the parameter the height of the localization probability can be higher in the smaller well. -- Highlights: •Function-composition generalization of parametric isospectral potentials is presented. •Mielnik one-parameter family of harmonic potentials is obtained as a particular case. •Graphical discussion of regular and singular regions in the parameter space is given.
Hanada, Masanori; Miwa, Akitsugu; Nishimura, Jun; Takeuchi, Shingo
2009-05-08
In the string-gauge duality it is important to understand how the space-time geometry is encoded in gauge theory observables. We address this issue in the case of the D0-brane system at finite temperature T. Based on the duality, the temporal Wilson loop W in gauge theory is expected to contain the information of the Schwarzschild radius RSch of the dual black hole geometry as log(W)=RSch/(2pialpha'T). This translates to the power-law behavior log(W)=1.89(T/lambda 1/3)-3/5, where lambda is the 't Hooft coupling constant. We calculate the Wilson loop on the gauge theory side in the strongly coupled regime by performing Monte Carlo simulations of supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics with 16 supercharges. The results reproduce the expected power-law behavior up to a constant shift, which is explainable as alpha' corrections on the gravity side. Our conclusion also demonstrates manifestly the fuzzball picture of black holes.
CP-violating supersymmetric Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Das, Siba Prasad; Drees, Manuel
2011-01-01
We analyze the prospect for observing the intermediate neutral Higgs boson (h 2 ) in its decay to two lighter Higgs bosons (h 1 ) at the presently operating hadron colliders in the framework of the CP-violating minimal supersymmetric standard model using the PYTHIA event generator. We consider the lepton+4-jets+E T channel from associate Wh 2 production, with Wh 2 >Wh 1 h 1 >lvlbb*-bb*-. We require two, three or four tagged b jets. We explicitly consider all relevant standard model backgrounds, treating c jets separately from light flavor and gluon jets and allowing for mistagging. We find that it is very hard to observe this signature at the Tevatron, even with 20 fb*-*1 of data, in the LEP-allowed region of parameter space due to the small signal efficiency, even though the background is manageable. At the LHC, a priori huge standard model backgrounds can be suppressed by applying judiciously chosen kinematical selections. After all cuts, we are left with a signal cross section of around 0.5 fb, and a signal to background ratio between 1.2 and 2.9. According to our analysis this Higgs signal should be viable at the LHC in the vicinity of present LEP exclusion once 20 to 50fb*-*1 of data have been accumulated at √(s)=14 TeV.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rosu, Haret C.; Mancas, Stefan C.; Chen, Pisin
2014-01-01
In the context of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we define a potential through a particular Riccati solution of the composition form (F∘f)(x)=F(f(x)) and obtain a generalized Mielnik construction of one-parameter isospectral potentials when we use the general Riccati solution. Some examples for special cases of F and f are given to illustrate the method. An interesting result is obtained in the case of a parametric double well potential generated by this method, for which it is shown that the parameter of the potential controls the heights of the localization probability in the two wells, and for certain values of the parameter the height of the localization probability can be higher in the smaller well. -- Highlights: •Function-composition generalization of parametric isospectral potentials is presented. •Mielnik one-parameter family of harmonic potentials is obtained as a particular case. •Graphical discussion of regular and singular regions in the parameter space is given
Stolfi, A.; Gasbarri, P.; Sabatini, M.
2017-10-01
In the near future robotic systems will be playing an increasingly important role in space applications such as repairing, refueling, re-orbiting spacecraft and cleaning up the increasing amount of space debris. Space Manipulator Systems (SMSs) are robotic systems made of a platform (which has its own actuators such as thrusters and reaction wheels) equipped with one or more deployable arms. The present paper focuses on the issue of maintaining a stable first contact between the arms terminal parts (i.e. the end-effectors) and a target satellite, before the actual grasp is performed. The selected approach is a modified version of the Impedance Control algorithm, in which the end-effector is controlled in order to make it behave like a mass-spring-damper system regardless of the reaction motion of the base, so to absorb the impact energy. The usual approach consists in considering a point mass target and one-dimensional contact dynamics; however, the contact between the chaser and the target could generate a perturbation on the attitude of the target. On account of this, in the present work a more realistic scenario, consisting in a 2D rigid target and a relevant 2D contact dynamics, is considered. A two-arm configuration of the SMS is modelled and its effectiveness analyzed. The performance of the proposed control architecture is evaluated by means of a co-simulation involving the MSC Adams multibody code (for describing the dynamics of the space robot and target) together with Simulink (for the determination of the control actions). The co-simulation is a particularly useful tool to implement robust control applied to detailed dynamic systems. Several numerical results complete the work.
Search for electroweak production of supersymmetric particles at LHC Run 2 with the ATLAS detector
Carra, Sonia; The ATLAS collaboration
2017-01-01
A search for electroweak production of supersymmetric particles decaying to final states with two or three leptons and missing transverse momentum is presented. The analysis is based on 36.1 fb$^{-1}$ of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV proton-proton collisions recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. No significant deviations from the Standard Model expectation are observed and stringent exclusion limits at 95% confidence level are placed on the masses of the supersymmetric particles considered.
5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D superspace. Applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McGarrie, Moritz
2013-03-15
We reformulate 5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D Superspace, for a manifold with boundaries. We emphasise certain features and conventions necessary to allow for supersymmetric model building applications. Finally we apply the holographic interpretation of a slice of AdS and show how to generate Dirac soft masses between external source fields, as well as kinetic mixing, as a boundary effective action.
(4,0) supersymmetric sigma-model and t-duality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lhallabi, T.
1997-08-01
The conserved supercurrents J ++ and J -- are deduced for the (4,0) supersymmetric sigma model on harmonic superspace with arbitrary background gauge connection. These are introduced in the Lagrangian density of the model by their couplings to the analytic gauge superfields Γ -- and Γ ++ . The T-duality transformations are obtained by integrating out the analytic gauge superfields. Finally the (4,0) supersymmetric anomaly is derived. (author). 20 refs
Searches for electroweak production of supersymmetric gauginos and sleptons with the ATLAS detector
Grout, Zara Jane; The ATLAS collaboration
2017-01-01
Supersymmetry models with light electroweak sparticles are well motivated by naturalness and have less stringent exclusion limits on the supersymmetric particle masses than strong production. ATLAS searches for electroweak production of supersymmetric particles in a number of channels, which include multiple leptons and therefore benefit from lower numbers of background process events. Results are presented here for searches using $\\sqrt{s}=13$TeV ATLAS data collected in 2015 and the most recent findings are summarised.
The stability of R-parity in supersymmetric models extended by U(1){sub B-L}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Camargo-Molina, Jose Eliel; O' Leary, Ben; Porod, Werner [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg (Germany); Staub, Florian [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics und Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Bonn (Germany)
2013-07-01
We perform a study of the stability of R-parity-conserving vacua of a constrained version of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with a gauged U(1){sub B-L} which can conserve R-parity. Using the homotopy continuation method we find all the extrema of the tree-level potential, which are then used as starting point for the analysis of the loop-corrected potential. While we find that a majority of the points in the parameter space preserve R-parity, we also find that a significant portion of points which naively have phenomenologically acceptable vacua which conserve R-parity, actually have deeper vacua which break R-parity through sneutrino VEVs. We investigate under what conditions the deeper R-parity-violating vacua appear. We find that while previous exploratory work was broadly correct in some of its qualitative conclusions, we disagree in detail.
Non-Abelian monopole in the parameter space of point-like interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ohya, Satoshi
2014-01-01
We study non-Abelian geometric phase in N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics for a free particle on a circle with two point-like interactions at antipodal points. We show that non-Abelian Berry’s connection is that of SU(2) magnetic monopole discovered by Moody, Shapere and Wilczek in the context of adiabatic decoupling limit of diatomic molecule. - Highlights: • Supersymmetric quantum mechanics is an ideal playground for studying geometric phase. • We determine the parameter space of supersymmetric point-like interactions. • Berry’s connection is given by a Wu–Yang-like magnetic monopole in SU(2) Yang–Mills
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Krishnan, Kalpagam; Liu, Jeff; Kohli, Kirpal
2014-01-01
Purpose: Fusion of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) with computed tomography (CT) can be useful as a clinical tool for providing additional physiological information about tissues, but requires suitable fusion algorithms and validation procedures. This work explores the feasibility of fusing EIT and CT images using an algorithm for coregistration. The imaging performance is validated through feature space assessment on phantom contrast targets. Methods: EIT data were acquired by scanning a phantom using a circuit, configured for injecting current through 16 electrodes, placed around the phantom. A conductivity image of the phantom was obtained from the data using electrical impedance and diffuse optical tomography reconstruction software (EIDORS). A CT image of the phantom was also acquired. The EIT and CT images were fused using a region of interest (ROI) coregistration fusion algorithm. Phantom imaging experiments were carried out on objects of different contrasts, sizes, and positions. The conductive medium of the phantoms was made of a tissue-mimicking bolus material that is routinely used in clinical radiation therapy settings. To validate the imaging performance in detecting different contrasts, the ROI of the phantom was filled with distilled water and normal saline. Spatially separated cylindrical objects of different sizes were used for validating the imaging performance in multiple target detection. Analyses of the CT, EIT and the EIT/CT phantom images were carried out based on the variations of contrast, correlation, energy, and homogeneity, using a gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). A reference image of the phantom was simulated using EIDORS, and the performances of the CT and EIT imaging systems were evaluated and compared against the performance of the EIT/CT system using various feature metrics, detectability, and structural similarity index measures. Results: In detecting distilled and normal saline water in bolus medium, EIT as a stand
Electroweak Precision Observables in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
Heinemeyer, S; Weiglein, Georg
2006-01-01
The current status of electroweak precision observables in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is reviewed. We focus in particular on the $W$ boson mass, M_W, the effective leptonic weak mixing angle, sin^2 theta_eff, the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, (g-2)_\\mu, and the lightest CP-even MSSM Higgs boson mass, m_h. We summarize the current experimental situation and the status of the theoretical evaluations. An estimate of the current theoretical uncertainties from unknown higher-order corrections and from the experimental errors of the input parameters is given. We discuss future prospects for both the experimental accuracies and the precision of the theoretical predictions. Confronting the precision data with the theory predictions within the unconstrained MSSM and within specific SUSY-breaking scenarios, we analyse how well the data are described by the theory. The mSUGRA scenario with cosmological constraints yields a very good fit to the data, showing a clear preference for a relativ...
A Search for Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons at DØ
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Osman, Nicolas Ahmed [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
2010-09-01
A search for Higgs bosons in multijet data from the DØ detector is reported in this thesis. The Higgs boson is the only remaining undiscovered particle in the Standard Model of particle physics, and plays an integral role in this model. It is known that this model is not a complete description of fundamental physics (it does not describe gravity, for example), and so searches for physics beyond the Standard Model are an important part of particle physics. One extension of the Standard Model, the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), predicts the existence of five Higgs bosons, two of which can show an enhanced coupling to bottom quarks. For this reason, a search in the bbb (multijet) channel is a sensitive test of Higgs boson physics. The analysis described in this thesis was conducted over 6.6 fb^{-1} of data. At the time of writing, the best limits on tan β (a key parameter of the MSSM) in the multijet channel were set by DØ. The new analysis described in this thesis included more data than the previous analysis in the channel, and made use of a new trigger and event-based analysis method. An improved Multivariate Analysis technique was used to separate signal and background events and produce a final discriminant for the limit setting process. These changes increased the expected sensitivity of this measurement by roughly 50% more than would be expected from the increase in the size of data sample alone.
Viable supersymmetric model with UV insensitive anomaly mediation
Ibe, Masahiro; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Murayama, Hitoshi
2005-04-01
We propose an electroweak model which is compatible with the UV insensitive anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking. The model is an extension of the next to minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) by adding vectorlike matter fields which can drive the soft scalar masses of the singlet Higgs field negative and the successful electroweak symmetry breaking is achieved. Viable parameter regions are found to preserve perturbativity of all the coupling constants up to the Planck scale. With this success, the model becomes a perfect candidate of physics beyond the standard model without the flavor changing neutral current and CP problem. The cosmology is also quite interesting. The lightest neutralino is the wino which is a perfect cold dark matter candidate assuming the nonthermal production from the gravitino decay. There is no gravitino problem because it decays before the big-bang nucleosynthesis era, and thus the thermal leptogenesis works. The cosmological domain wall problem inherent in the NMSSM is absent since the Z3 symmetry is broken by the QCD instanton effect in the presence of the vectorlike quarks. We also briefly comment on a possible solution to the strong CP problem à la the Nelson-Barr mechanism.
Direct versus indirect detection of supersymmetric dark matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
2003-01-01
This document gathers the slides that were presented during the workshop 'direct versus indirect detection of supersymmetric dark matter'(about 30 contributions). This workshop intended to bring together people from the particle theory community, astrophysicists and cosmologists, as well as experimentalists involved in the detection of dark matter. The aim is to generate a discussion about current and future strategies for detection of SUSY dark matter (with focus, but not exclusively, on neutralinos). Complementarities between accelerator, direct and indirect searches as well as a comparison between the uncertainties in direct and indirect searches of dark matter, are supposed to be discussed. Among the issues which will be addressed are: -) the crucial questions related to the structure of galaxies (local dark matter density, clumping, anomalous velocity distributions, etc.) ; -) the possibilities offered by the present and future experimental facilities for direct and indirect (photon, neutrino) searches; -) the potential for the discovery of SUSY at LHC and beyond; and -) the parameterization of the SUSY breaking models beyond the minimal versions
Decaying dark matter in supersymmetric SU(5) models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luo Mingxing; Wang Liucheng; Wu Wei; Zhu Guohuai
2010-01-01
Motivated by recent observations from PAMELA, Fermi and H.E.S.S., we consider dark matter decays in the framework of supersymmetric SU(5) grand unification theories. An SU(5) singlet S is assumed to be the main component of dark matters, which decays into visible particles through dimension six operators suppressed by the grand unification scale. Under certain conditions, S decays dominantly into a pair of sleptons with universal coupling for all generations. Subsequently, electrons and positrons are produced from cascade decays of these sleptons. These cascade decay chains smooth the e + +e - spectrum, which permit naturally a good fit to the Fermi-LAT data. The observed positron fraction upturn by PAMELA can be reproduced simultaneously. We have also calculated diffuse gamma-ray spectra due to the e ± excesses and compared them with the preliminary Fermi-LAT data from 0.1 GeV to 10 GeV in the region 0 deg. ≤l≤ 360 deg., 10 deg. ≤|b|≤20 deg. The photon spectrum of energy above 100 GeV, mainly from final state radiations, may be checked in the near future.
Recent Developments in Supersymmetric and Hidden Sector Dark Matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Feldman, Daniel; Liu Zuowei; Nath, Pran
2008-01-01
New results which correlate SUSY dark matter with LHC signals are presented, and a brief review of recent developments in supersymmetric and hidden sector dark matter is given. It is shown that the direct detection of dark matter is very sensitive to the hierarchical SUSY sparticle spectrum and the spectrum is very useful in distinguishing models. It is shown that the prospects of the discovery of neutralino dark matter are very bright on the 'Chargino Wall' due to a copious number of model points on the Wall, where the NLSP is the Chargino, and the spin independent neutralino-proton cross section is maintained at high values in the 10 -44 cm 2 range for neutralino masses up to ∼850 GeV. It is also shown that the direct detection of dark matter along with lepton plus jet signatures and missing energy provide dual, and often complementary, probes of supersymmetry. Finally, we discuss an out of the box possibility for dark matter, which includes dark matter from the hidden sector, which could either consist of extra weakly interacting dark matter (a Stino XWIMP), or milli-charged dark matter arising from the Stueckelberg extensions of the MSSM or the SM.
Fluxes, hierarchies, and metastable vacua in supersymmetric field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruemmer, F.
2008-01-01
This thesis concerns topics both in low-energy effective field theories from type IIB superstring flux compactifications and in four-dimensional, rigidly supersymmetric gauge theories. We introduce flux compactifications with so-called ''warped throat'' regions, which lead to large hierarchies of scales in the effective four-dimensional theory. The correspondence between a particular such throat and a five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum-like model is established. We shown how certain string-theoretic features of the compactification, such as moduli stabilization by fluxes or the presence of an unstabilized Kaehler modulus, are incorporated in the five-dimensional picture. The KKLT construction for metastable de Sitter vacua is reviewed, as well as some possible modifications involving spontaneous F-term supersymmetry breaking. For KKLT-like models with their hidden sector localized inside a throat, the mediation of supersymmetry breaking to the visible sector is investigated. We review the mechanism of mixed modulus-anomaly mediation, and show that there can be additional equally important gravity-mediated contributions. We finally turn to the ISS model of metastable dynamical supersymmetry breaking in four dimensions, and present a renormalizable extension which generates a large hierarchy naturally. We also recapitulate how the ISS model may be obtained from a type IIB superstring model. (orig.)
Direct versus indirect detection of supersymmetric dark matter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
2003-07-01
This document gathers the slides that were presented during the workshop 'direct versus indirect detection of supersymmetric dark matter'(about 30 contributions). This workshop intended to bring together people from the particle theory community, astrophysicists and cosmologists, as well as experimentalists involved in the detection of dark matter. The aim is to generate a discussion about current and future strategies for detection of SUSY dark matter (with focus, but not exclusively, on neutralinos). Complementarities between accelerator, direct and indirect searches as well as a comparison between the uncertainties in direct and indirect searches of dark matter, are supposed to be discussed. Among the issues which will be addressed are: -) the crucial questions related to the structure of galaxies (local dark matter density, clumping, anomalous velocity distributions, etc.) ; -) the possibilities offered by the present and future experimental facilities for direct and indirect (photon, neutrino) searches; -) the potential for the discovery of SUSY at LHC and beyond; and -) the parameterization of the SUSY breaking models beyond the minimal versions.
On Newton's law in supersymmetric braneworld models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Palma, G.A.
2007-05-15
We study the propagation of gravitons within 5-D supersymmetric braneworld models with a bulk scalar field. The setup considered here consists of a 5-D bulk spacetime bounded by two 4-D branes localized at the fixed points of an S{sup 1}/Z{sub 2} orbifold. There is a scalar field {phi} in the bulk which, provided a superpotential W({phi}), determines the warped geometry of the 5-D spacetime. This type of scenario is common in string theory, where the bulk scalar field {phi} is related to the volume of small compact extra dimensions. We show that, after the moduli are stabilized by supersymmetry breaking terms localized on the branes, the only relevant degrees of freedom in the bulk consist of a 5-D massive spectrum of gravitons. Then we analyze the gravitational interaction between massive bodies localized at the positive tension brane mediated by these bulk gravitons. It is shown that the Newtonian potential describing this interaction picks up a non-trivial contribution at short distances that depends on the shape of the superpotential W({phi}). We compute this contribution for dilatonic braneworld scenarios W({phi})=e{sup {alpha}}{sup {phi}} (where {alpha} is a constant) and discuss the particular case of 5-D Heterotic M-theory: It is argued that a specific footprint at micron scales could be observable in the near future. (orig.)
Localized fermions on domain walls and extended supersymmetric quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oikonomou, V K
2014-01-01
We study fermionic fields localized on topologically unstable domain walls bounded by strings in a grand unified theory theoretical framework. Particularly, we found that the localized fermionic degrees of freedom, which are up and down-quarks as well as charged leptons, are connected to three independent N = 2, d = 1 supersymmetric quantum mechanics algebras. As we demonstrate, these algebras can be combined to form higher order representations of N = 2, d = 1 supersymmetry. Due to the uniform coupling of the domain wall solutions to the down-quarks and leptons, we also show that a higher order N = 2, d = 1 representation of the down-quark–lepton system is invariant under a duality transformation between the couplings. In addition, the two N = 2, d = 1 supersymmetries of the down-quark–lepton system, combine at the coupling unification scale to form an N = 4, d = 1 supersymmetry. Furthermore, we present the various extra geometric and algebraic attributes that the fermionic systems acquire, owing to the underlying N = 2, d = 1 algebras. (paper)
The Higgs mass and natural supersymmetric spectrum from the landscape
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Howard Baer
2016-07-01
Full Text Available In supersymmetric models where the superpotential μ term is generated with μ≪msoft (e.g. from radiative Peccei–Quinn symmetry breaking or compactified string models with sequestration and stabilized moduli, and where the string landscape 1. favors soft supersymmetry (SUSY breaking terms as large as possible and 2. where the anthropic condition that electroweak symmetry is properly broken with a weak scale mW,Z,h∼100 GeV (i.e. not too weak of weak interactions, then these combined landscape/anthropic requirements act as an attractor pulling the soft SUSY breaking terms towards values required by models with radiatively-driven naturalness: near the line of criticality where electroweak symmetry is barely broken and the Higgs mass is ∼125 GeV. The pull on the soft terms serves to ameliorate the SUSY flavor and CP problems. The resulting sparticle mass spectrum may barely be accessible at high-luminosity LHC while the required light higgsinos should be visible at a linear e+e− collider with s>2m(higgsino.
Viable supersymmetric model with UV insensitive anomaly mediation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ibe, Masahiro; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Murayama, Hitoshi
2005-01-01
We propose an electroweak model which is compatible with the UV insensitive anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking. The model is an extension of the next to minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) by adding vectorlike matter fields which can drive the soft scalar masses of the singlet Higgs field negative and the successful electroweak symmetry breaking is achieved. Viable parameter regions are found to preserve perturbativity of all the coupling constants up to the Planck scale. With this success, the model becomes a perfect candidate of physics beyond the standard model without the flavor changing neutral current and CP problem. The cosmology is also quite interesting. The lightest neutralino is the wino which is a perfect cold dark matter candidate assuming the nonthermal production from the gravitino decay. There is no gravitino problem because it decays before the big-bang nucleosynthesis era, and thus the thermal leptogenesis works. The cosmological domain wall problem inherent in the NMSSM is absent since the Z 3 symmetry is broken by the QCD instanton effect in the presence of the vectorlike quarks. We also briefly comment on a possible solution to the strong CP problem a la the Nelson-Barr mechanism
Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo.
Springel, V; White, S D M; Frenk, C S; Navarro, J F; Jenkins, A; Vogelsberger, M; Wang, J; Ludlow, A; Helmi, A
2008-11-06
Dark matter is the dominant form of matter in the Universe, but its nature is unknown. It is plausibly an elementary particle, perhaps the lightest supersymmetric partner of known particle species. In this case, annihilation of dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way should produce gamma-rays at a level that may soon be observable. Previous work has argued that the annihilation signal will be dominated by emission from very small clumps (perhaps smaller even than the Earth), which would be most easily detected where they cluster together in the dark matter haloes of dwarf satellite galaxies. Here we report that such small-scale structure will, in fact, have a negligible impact on dark matter detectability. Rather, the dominant and probably most easily detectable signal will be produced by diffuse dark matter in the main halo of the Milky Way. If the main halo is strongly detected, then small dark matter clumps should also be visible, but may well contain no stars, thereby confirming a key prediction of the cold dark matter model.
The matreoshka of supersymmetric self-dual theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Devchand, C.; Ogievetsky, V.
1993-06-01
Extended super self-dual systems have a structure reminiscent of a 'matreoshka'. For instance, solutions for N=0 are embedded in solutions for N=1, which are in turn embedded in solutions for N=2, and so on. Consequences of this phenomenon are explored. In particular, we present an explicit construction of local solutions of the higher-N super self-duality equations starting from any N=0 self-dual solution. Our construction uses N=0 solution data to produce N=1 solution data, which in turn yields N=2 solution data, and so on; each stage introducing a dependence of the solution on sufficiently many additional arbitrary functions to yield the most general supersymmetric solution having the initial N=0 solution as the helicity +1 component. The problem of finding the general local solution of the N>0 super self-duality equations. Another consequence of the matreoshka phenomenon is the vanishing of many conserved currents, including the supercurrents, for super self-dual systems. (orig.)
Probes of Yukawa unification in supersymmetric SO(10) models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Westhoff, Susanne
2009-10-23
This work is composed as follows: In Chapter 1, the disposed reader is made familiar with the foundations of flavourphysics and Grand Unification, including group-theoretical aspects of SO(10). In Chapter 2, we introduce a specific supersymmetric GUT model based on SO(10) and designed to probe down-quark-lepton Yukawa unification. Within this framework we explore the effects of large atmospheric neutrino mixing in bottom-strange transitions on the mass difference and CP phase in B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} meson mixing. Chapter 3 is devoted to corrections to Yukawa unification. We derive constraints on Yukawa corrections for light fermions from K- anti K and B{sub d}- anti B {sub d} mixing. As an application we study implications of neutrino mixing effects in CP-violating K and B{sub d} observables on the unitrity triangle. Finally, in Chapter 4, we discuss effects of large tan {beta} in B{yields}(D){tau}{nu} decays with respect to their potential to discover charged Higgs bosons and to discriminate between different GUT models of flavour.
Fluxes, hierarchies, and metastable vacua in supersymmetric field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bruemmer, F.
2008-02-06
This thesis concerns topics both in low-energy effective field theories from type IIB superstring flux compactifications and in four-dimensional, rigidly supersymmetric gauge theories. We introduce flux compactifications with so-called ''warped throat'' regions, which lead to large hierarchies of scales in the effective four-dimensional theory. The correspondence between a particular such throat and a five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum-like model is established. We shown how certain string-theoretic features of the compactification, such as moduli stabilization by fluxes or the presence of an unstabilized Kaehler modulus, are incorporated in the five-dimensional picture. The KKLT construction for metastable de Sitter vacua is reviewed, as well as some possible modifications involving spontaneous F-term supersymmetry breaking. For KKLT-like models with their hidden sector localized inside a throat, the mediation of supersymmetry breaking to the visible sector is investigated. We review the mechanism of mixed modulus-anomaly mediation, and show that there can be additional equally important gravity-mediated contributions. We finally turn to the ISS model of metastable dynamical supersymmetry breaking in four dimensions, and present a renormalizable extension which generates a large hierarchy naturally. We also recapitulate how the ISS model may be obtained from a type IIB superstring model. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brodsky, Stanley [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
2017-01-01
In this paper we show that the intrinsic heavy-quark QCD mechanism for the hadroproduction of heavy hadrons at large $x_F$ can resolve the apparent conflict between measurements of double-charm baryons by the SELEX fixed-target experiment and the LHCb experiment at the LHC collider. We show that both experiments are compatible, and that both results can be correct. The observed spectroscopy of double-charm hadrons is in agreement with the predictions of supersymmetric light front holographic QCD.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Costanza, Francesco
2014-09-01
The analysis presented in this thesis is a search for direct pair production of supersymmetric top-quark partners at CMS. Supersymmetry is a compelling theory providing possible solutions to several of the Standard Models limitations. However, previous searches for supersymmetric particles came back with empty hands. These results and the discovery of a Higgs boson with a mass of about 125 GeV by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations strongly constrain the simplest supersymmetric models. Nevertheless, more sophisticated models with light third-generation squarks did not lose their theoretical appeal and are within the reach of the 8 TeV run of the Large Hadron Collider. In this analysis, a search for direct top-squark (t) pair production is performed in a final state consisting of a single isolated lepton, jets, among which at least one is a b-tagged jet, and large missing transverse energy. Six search regions are defined with a semi-automatic procedure to maximize the sensitivity of the analysis. The background estimation is performed using simulated samples validated in control regions with small or no signal contamination. Scale factors are measured in the control regions and used to correct the background in the search regions if needed. The observed event yields in the search regions agree with the predicted backgrounds within the uncertainties, hence no evidence for pair-produced top-squarks can be inferred. The results are used to constrain top-squark pair production in the framework of simplified models. Two possible top-squark decay modes are considered: the decay to top quark and a neutralino (chiz), t→tχ 0 , and the decay to a bottom quark and a chargino (χ + ), t→bχ + , with the subsequent χ + →W + +χ 0 decay. Exclusion limits are set for branching ratios B(t →tχ 0 )=100% and B(t → tχ 0 )=50%. In the former case, for small mass values of the lightest neutralino, the analysis probes top-squark masses up to 600 GeV and up to 500 GeV in the
Tao, Lin; Zhu, Feng; Qin, Chu; Zhang, Cheng; Chen, Shangying; Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Cunlong; Tan, Chunyan; Gao, Chunmei; Chen, Zhe; Jiang, Yuyang; Chen, Yu Zong
2015-01-01
Some natural product leads of drugs (NPLDs) have been found to congregate in the chemical space. The extent, detailed patterns, and mechanisms of this congregation phenomenon have not been fully investigated and their usefulness for NPLD discovery needs to be more extensively tested. In this work, we generated and evaluated the distribution patterns of 442?NPLDs of 749 pre-2013 approved and 263 clinical trial small molecule drugs in the chemical space represented by the molecular scaffold and...
Interplay of Higgs phenomenology and new physics in supersymmetric theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Patel, Shruti
2017-10-01
Supersymmetric (SUSY) theories such as the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) predict a new particle spectrum, including an extended Higgs sector, in order to address fundamental questions that remain unanswered with the results obtained at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) so far. Despite an extensive programme to search for additional Higgs bosons at the LHC, no new Higgs-like particles have been observed beyond the discovered signal at 125 GeV. Such searches have not taken into account CP-violating effects in the Higgs sector, which are well-motivated in the light of the perceived baryon asymmetry in the universe, and which can induce significant deviations in the phenomenology of the Higgs bosons. The search for additional Higgs bosons should therefore account for the possibility that they may not necessarily be CP-eigenstates. In the most general case where the MSSM parameters can be complex, the three neutral Higgs bosons of the theory are the loop-corrected mass eigenstates {h 1 ,h 2 ,h 3 }, which are admixtures of the tree-level CP-even and CP-odd Higgs states. This thesis focusses on the effects of complex parameters on the production cross sections of these Higgs bosons and the interference occurring between nearly mass-degenerate Higgs states. In the first part of this thesis, we discuss higher-order corrections in the Higgs sector which give rise to CP-violating mixing between the tree-level mass eigenstates, and present a computation of inclusive cross sections for the production of the CP-admixed Higgs bosons through gluon fusion and bottom-quark annihilation. The predictions for the gluon-fusion process are based on an explicit calculation of the leading-order cross section for the general case of arbitrary complex parameters, supplemented by various higher-order corrections. The cross sections for the bottom-quark annihilation process are treated with a simple re-weighting procedure. In the next part, we describe the implementation of our
Interplay of Higgs phenomenology and new physics in supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Patel, Shruti
2017-10-15
Supersymmetric (SUSY) theories such as the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) predict a new particle spectrum, including an extended Higgs sector, in order to address fundamental questions that remain unanswered with the results obtained at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) so far. Despite an extensive programme to search for additional Higgs bosons at the LHC, no new Higgs-like particles have been observed beyond the discovered signal at 125 GeV. Such searches have not taken into account CP-violating effects in the Higgs sector, which are well-motivated in the light of the perceived baryon asymmetry in the universe, and which can induce significant deviations in the phenomenology of the Higgs bosons. The search for additional Higgs bosons should therefore account for the possibility that they may not necessarily be CP-eigenstates. In the most general case where the MSSM parameters can be complex, the three neutral Higgs bosons of the theory are the loop-corrected mass eigenstates {h_1,h_2,h_3}, which are admixtures of the tree-level CP-even and CP-odd Higgs states. This thesis focusses on the effects of complex parameters on the production cross sections of these Higgs bosons and the interference occurring between nearly mass-degenerate Higgs states. In the first part of this thesis, we discuss higher-order corrections in the Higgs sector which give rise to CP-violating mixing between the tree-level mass eigenstates, and present a computation of inclusive cross sections for the production of the CP-admixed Higgs bosons through gluon fusion and bottom-quark annihilation. The predictions for the gluon-fusion process are based on an explicit calculation of the leading-order cross section for the general case of arbitrary complex parameters, supplemented by various higher-order corrections. The cross sections for the bottom-quark annihilation process are treated with a simple re-weighting procedure. In the next part, we describe the implementation of our
Phase diagrams of exceptional and supersymmetric lattice gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wellegehausen, Bjoern-Hendrik
2012-07-10
In this work different strongly-coupled gauge theories with and without fundamental matter have been studied on the lattice with an emphasis on the confinement problem and the QCD phase diagram at nonvanishing net baryon density as well as on possible supersymmetric extensions of the standard model of particle physics. In gauge theories with a non-trivial centre symmetry, as for instance SU(3)-Yang-Mills theory, confinement is intimately related to the centre of the gauge group, and the Polyakov loop serves as an order parameter for confinement. In QCD, this centre symmetry is explicitly broken by quarks in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. But still quarks and gluons are confined in mesons, baryons and glueballs at low temperatures and small densities, suggesting that centre symmetry is not responsible for the phenomenon of confinement. Therefore it is interesting to study pure gauge theories without centre symmetry. In this work this has been done by replacing the gauge group SU(3) of the strong interaction with the exceptional Lie group G{sub 2}, that has a trivial centre. To investigate G{sub 2} gauge theory on the lattice, a new and highly efficient update algorithm has been developed, based on a local HMC algorithm. Employing this algorithm, the proposed and already investigated first order phase transition from a confined to a deconfined phase has been confirmed, showing that indeed a first order phase transition without symmetry breaking or an order parameter is possible. In this context, also the deconfinement phase transition of the exceptional Lie groups F4 and E6 in three spacetime dimensions has been studied. It has been shown that both theories also possess a first order phase transition.
Phase diagrams of exceptional and supersymmetric lattice gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wellegehausen, Bjoern-Hendrik
2012-01-01
In this work different strongly-coupled gauge theories with and without fundamental matter have been studied on the lattice with an emphasis on the confinement problem and the QCD phase diagram at nonvanishing net baryon density as well as on possible supersymmetric extensions of the standard model of particle physics. In gauge theories with a non-trivial centre symmetry, as for instance SU(3)-Yang-Mills theory, confinement is intimately related to the centre of the gauge group, and the Polyakov loop serves as an order parameter for confinement. In QCD, this centre symmetry is explicitly broken by quarks in the fundamental representation of the gauge group. But still quarks and gluons are confined in mesons, baryons and glueballs at low temperatures and small densities, suggesting that centre symmetry is not responsible for the phenomenon of confinement. Therefore it is interesting to study pure gauge theories without centre symmetry. In this work this has been done by replacing the gauge group SU(3) of the strong interaction with the exceptional Lie group G 2 , that has a trivial centre. To investigate G 2 gauge theory on the lattice, a new and highly efficient update algorithm has been developed, based on a local HMC algorithm. Employing this algorithm, the proposed and already investigated first order phase transition from a confined to a deconfined phase has been confirmed, showing that indeed a first order phase transition without symmetry breaking or an order parameter is possible. In this context, also the deconfinement phase transition of the exceptional Lie groups F4 and E6 in three spacetime dimensions has been studied. It has been shown that both theories also possess a first order phase transition.
Collider, direct and indirect detection of supersymmetric dark matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baer, Howard; Park, Eun-Kyung; Tata, Xerxes
2009-01-01
We present an overview of supersymmetry (SUSY) searches, both at collider experiments and via searches for dark matter (DM). We focus on three DM possibilities in the SUSY context: the thermally produced neutralino, a mixture of axion and axino, and the gravitino, and compare and contrast signals that may be expected at colliders, in direct detection (DD) experiments searching of DM relics left over from the Big Bang, and indirect detection (ID) experiments designed to detect the products of DM annihilations within the solar interior or galactic halo. Detection of DM particles using multiple strategies provides complementary information that may shed light on the new physics associated with the DM sector. In contrast to the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model where the measured cold DM relic density restricts us to special regions mostly on the edge of the m 0 -m 1/2 plane, the entire parameter plane becomes allowed if the universality assumption is relaxed in models with just one additional parameter. Then, thermally produced neutralinos with a well-tempered mix of wino, bino and higgsino components, or with a mass adjusted so that their annihilation in the early Universe is Higgs-resonance-enhanced, can be the DM. Well-tempered neutralinos typically yield heightened rates for DD and ID experiments compared with generic predictions from mSUGRA. If instead DM consists of axinos (possibly together with axions) or gravitinos, then there exists the possibility of detection of quasi-stable next-to-lightest SUSY particles at colliding beam experiments, with especially striking consequences if the next-lightest-supersymmetric-particle (NLSP) is charged, but no DD or ID detection. The exception for mixed axion/axino DM is that DD of axions may be possible.
N = 1 supersymmetric indices and the four-dimensional A-model
Closset, Cyril; Kim, Heeyeon; Willett, Brian
2017-08-01
We compute the supersymmetric partition function of N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories with an R-symmetry on M_4\\cong M_{g,p}× {S}^1 , a principal elliptic fiber bundle of degree p over a genus- g Riemann surface, Σ g . Equivalently, we compute the generalized supersymmetric index I_{M}{_{g,p}, with the supersymmetric three-manifold M_{g,p} as the spatial slice. The ordinary N = 1 supersymmetric index on the round three-sphere is recovered as a special case. We approach this computation from the point of view of a topological A-model for the abelianized gauge fields on the base Σ g . This A-model — or A-twisted two-dimensional N = (2 , 2) gauge theory — encodes all the information about the generalized indices, which are viewed as expectations values of some canonically-defined surface defects wrapped on T 2 inside Σ g × T 2. Being defined by compactification on the torus, the A-model also enjoys natural modular properties, governed by the four-dimensional 't Hooft anomalies. As an application of our results, we provide new tests of Seiberg duality. We also present a new evaluation formula for the three-sphere index as a sum over two-dimensional vacua.
Calabi-Yau compactifications of non-supersymmetric heterotic string theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blaszczyk, Michael; Groot Nibbelink, Stefan
2015-07-01
Phenomenological explorations of heterotic strings have conventionally focused primarily on the E 8 x E 8 theory. We consider smooth compactifications of all three ten-dimensional heterotic theories to exhibit the many similarities between the non-supersymmetric SO(16) x SO(16) theory and the related supersymmetric E 8 x E 8 and SO(32) theories. In particular, we exploit these similarities to determine the bosonic and fermionic spectra of Calabi-Yau compactifications with line bundles of the nonsupersymmetric string. We use elements of four-dimensional supersymmetric effective field theory to characterize the non-supersymmetric action at leading order and determine the Green-Schwarz induced axion-couplings. Using these methods we construct a non-supersymmetric Standard Model(SM)-like theory. In addition, we show that it is possible to obtain SM-like models from the standard embedding using at least an order four Wilson line. Finally, we make a proposal of the states that live on five branes in the SO(16) x SO(16) theory and find under certain assumptions the surprising result that anomaly factorization only admits at most a single brane solution.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sako, Akifumi; Suzuki, Toshiya
2006-01-01
We investigate the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations on noncommutative (N.C.) R 4 at the large N.C. parameter limit, in terms of the equivariant cohomology. In other words, N=2 supersymmetric U(1) gauge theories with a hypermultiplet on N.C.R 4 are studied. It is known that after topological twisting partition functions of N>1 supersymmetric theories on N.C. R 2D are invariant under the N.C. parameter shift; then the partition functions can be calculated by its dimensional reduction. At the large N.C. parameter limit, the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations are reduced to ADHM equations with the Dirac equation reduced to the 0 dimension. The equations are equivalent to the dimensional reduction of non-Abelian U(N) Seiberg-Witten monopole equations in N→∞. The solutions of the equations are also interpreted as a configuration of a brane antibrane system. The theory has global symmetries under torus actions originated in space rotations and gauge symmetries. We investigate the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations reduced to the 0 dimension and the fixed point equations of the torus actions. We show that the Dirac equation reduced to the 0 dimension is automatically satisfied when the fixed point equations and the ADHM equations are satisfied. Then, we find that the Seiberg-Witten equations reduced to the 0 dimension and fixed point equations of the torus action are equivalent to just the ADHM equations with the fixed point equations. For finite N, it is known that the fixed points of the ADHM data are isolated and are classified by the Young diagrams. We also give a new proof of this statement by solving the ADHM equations and the fixed point equations concretely and by giving graphical interpretations of the field components and these equations
Sako, Akifumi; Suzuki, Toshiya
2006-11-01
We investigate the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations on noncommutative (N.C.) R4 at the large N.C. parameter limit, in terms of the equivariant cohomology. In other words, N =2 supersymmetric U(1) gauge theories with a hypermultiplet on N.C.R4 are studied. It is known that after topological twisting partition functions of N >1 supersymmetric theories on N.C. R2D are invariant under the N.C. parameter shift; then the partition functions can be calculated by its dimensional reduction. At the large N.C. parameter limit, the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations are reduced to ADHM equations with the Dirac equation reduced to the 0 dimension. The equations are equivalent to the dimensional reduction of non-Abelian U(N) Seiberg-Witten monopole equations in N →∞. The solutions of the equations are also interpreted as a configuration of a brane antibrane system. The theory has global symmetries under torus actions originated in space rotations and gauge symmetries. We investigate the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations reduced to the 0 dimension and the fixed point equations of the torus actions. We show that the Dirac equation reduced to the 0 dimension is automatically satisfied when the fixed point equations and the ADHM equations are satisfied. Then, we find that the Seiberg-Witten equations reduced to the 0 dimension and fixed point equations of the torus action are equivalent to just the ADHM equations with the fixed point equations. For finite N, it is known that the fixed points of the ADHM data are isolated and are classified by the Young diagrams. We also give a new proof of this statement by solving the ADHM equations and the fixed point equations concretely and by giving graphical interpretations of the field components and these equations.
Dirichlet branes and nonperturbative aspects of supersymmetric string and gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yin, Zheng
1999-01-01
In chapter 1 the author reviews some elements of string theory relevant to the rest of this report. He touches on both the classical, i.e. perturbative, string physics before D-branes rise to prominence, and some of the progresses they brought forth. In chapter 2 he proceeds to give an exact algebraic formulation of D-branes in curved spaces. This allows one to classify them in backgrounds of interest and study their geometric properties. He applies this formalism to string theory on Calabi-Yau and other supersymmetry preserving manifolds. Then he studies the behavior of the D-branes under mirror symmetry in chapter 3. Mirror symmetry is known to be a symmetry of string theory perturbatively. He finds evidence for its nonperturbative validity when D-branes are also considered and compute some dynamical consequences. In chapter 4 he turns to examine the consistency of curved and/or intersecting D-brane configurations. They have been used recently to extract information about the field theories that arise in certain limits. It turns out that there are potential quantum mechanical inconsistencies associated with them. What saves the day are certain subtle topological properties of D-branes. This resolution has implications for the conserved charges carried by the D-branes, which he computes for the cases studied in chapter 2. In chapter 5 he uses intersecting brane configurations to study three dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories. There is also a mirror symmetry there that, among other things, exchanges classical and quantum mechanical quantities of a (mirror) pair of theories. It has an elegant realization in term of a symmetry of string theory involving D-branes. The author employs it to study a wide class of 3d models. He also predicts new mirror pairs and unconventional 3d field theories without Lagrangian descriptions
Dirichlet branes and nonperturbative aspects of supersymmetric string and gauge theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yin, Zheng [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
1998-05-01
In chapter 1 the author reviews some elements of string theory relevant to the rest of this report. He touches on both the classical, i.e. perturbative, string physics before D-branes rise to prominence, and some of the progresses they brought forth. In chapter 2 he proceeds to give an exact algebraic formulation of D-branes in curved spaces. This allows one to classify them in backgrounds of interest and study their geometric properties. He applies this formalism to string theory on Calabi-Yau and other supersymmetry preserving manifolds. Then he studies the behavior of the D-branes under mirror symmetry in chapter 3. Mirror symmetry is known to be a symmetry of string theory perturbatively. He finds evidence for its nonperturbative validity when D-branes are also considered and compute some dynamical consequences. In chapter 4 he turns to examine the consistency of curved and/or intersecting D-brane configurations. They have been used recently to extract information about the field theories that arise in certain limits. It turns out that there are potential quantum mechanical inconsistencies associated with them. What saves the day are certain subtle topological properties of D-branes. This resolution has implications for the conserved charges carried by the D-branes, which he computes for the cases studied in chapter 2. In chapter 5 he uses intersecting brane configurations to study three dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories. There is also a mirror symmetry there that, among other things, exchanges classical and quantum mechanical quantities of a (mirror) pair of theories. It has an elegant realization in term of a symmetry of string theory involving D-branes. The author employs it to study a wide class of 3d models. He also predicts new mirror pairs and unconventional 3d field theories without Lagrangian descriptions.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Einhorn, M.B.; Jones, D.R.T.
1983-01-01
We show how the renormalization group may be used in supersymmetric models to determine the expectation values of fields whose scales are undetermined by the classical potential. We apply this formalism to supersymmetric models of the O'Raifeartaigh type, and in particular, to Witten's model of the gauge hierarchy. We discuss the possibilities for a mass hierarchy and propose a criterion for an aesthetic model, which limits the magnitude of the hierarchies in perturbative unification models. We consider the zero-mass limit of Witten's model and argue that, despite the ground state becoming supersymmetric, the scale of the spontaneous symmetry breakdown of gauge symmetry remains fixed by radiative corrections. These models, after dimensional transmutation, undergo decoupling at smaller scales. In conclusion, we suggest the possibility of a new 'weak tumbling' scenario for aesthetically generating mass and possibly gauge hierarchies. We also indicate how our work may be extended to finite temperatures and discuss the implications for cosmology. (orig.)
Chou, Chia-Chun; Kouri, Donald J
2013-04-25
We show that there exist spurious states for the sector two tensor Hamiltonian in multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics. For one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics on an infinite domain, the sector one and two Hamiltonians have identical spectra with the exception of the ground state of the sector one. For tensorial multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics, there exist normalizable spurious states for the sector two Hamiltonian with energy equal to the ground state energy of the sector one. These spurious states are annihilated by the adjoint charge operator, and hence, they do not correspond to physical states for the original Hamiltonian. The Hermitian property of the sector two Hamiltonian implies the orthogonality between spurious and physical states. In addition, we develop a method for construction of a specific form of the spurious states for any quantum system and also generate several spurious states for a two-dimensional anharmonic oscillator system and for the hydrogen atom.
Searching for beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the laboratory and in the sky
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Ju Min
2010-09-15
We study the collider signals as well as Dark Matter candidates in supersymmetric models. We show that the collider signatures from a supersymmetric Grand Unification model based on the SO(10) gauge group can be distinguishable from those from the (constrained) minimal supersymmetric Standard Model, even though they share some common features. The N=2 supersymmetry has the characteristically distinct phenomenology, due to the Dirac nature of gauginos, as well as the extra adjoint scalars. We compute the cold Dark Matter relic density including a class of one-loop corrections. Finally, we discuss the detectability of neutralino Dark Matter candidate of the SO(10) model by the direct and indirect Dark Matter search experiments. (orig.)
Exact Witten index in D=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campostrini, M.; Wosiek, J.
2002-01-01
A new, recursive method of calculating matrix elements of polynomial hamiltonians is proposed. It is particularly suitable for the recent algebraic studies of the supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics in any dimensions. For the D=2 system with the SU(2) gauge group, considered here, the technique gives exact, closed expressions for arbitrary matrix elements of the hamiltonian and of the supersymmetric charge, in the occupation number representation. Subsequent numerical diagonalization provides spectrum and restricted Witten index of the system with very high precision (taking into account up to 10 5 quanta). Independently, the exact value of the restricted Witten index is derived analytically for the first time
Matching next-to-leading order predictions to parton showers in supersymmetric QCD
Degrande, Celine; Hirschi, Valentin; Proudom, Josselin; Shao, Hua-Sheng
2016-04-10
We present a fully automated framework based on the FeynRules and MadGraph5 aMC@NLO programs that allows for accurate simulations of supersymmetric QCD processes at the LHC. Starting directly from a model Lagrangian that features squark and gluino interactions, event generation is achieved at the next-to-leading order in QCD, matching short-distance events to parton showers and including the subsequent decay of the produced supersymmetric particles. As an application, we study the impact of higher-order corrections in gluino pair-production in a simplified benchmark scenario inspired by current gluino LHC searches.
Examining the identity of Yukawa with gauge couplings in supersymmetric QCD at LHC
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Freitas, A.; Spira, M.; Zerwas, P.M.
2007-03-01
The identity of the quark-squark-gluino Yukawa coupling with the corresponding quark-quark-gluon QCD coupling in supersymmetric theories can be examined experimentally at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Extending earlier investigations of like-sign di-lepton final states, we include jets in the analysis of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, adding squark-gluino and gluino-pair production to squark-pair production. Moreover we expand the method towards model-independent analyses which cover more general scenarios. In all cases, squark decays to light charginos and neutralinos persist to play a dominant role. (orig.)
Supergravity backgrounds for four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Maxfield, Travis [Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago,Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
2017-02-13
In this note, we describe supersymmetric backgrounds for the four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. As an extension of the method of Festuccia and Seiberg to sixteen supercharges in four dimensions, we utilize the coupling of the gauge theory to maximally extended conformal supergravity. Included among the fields of the conformal supergravity multiplet is the complexified coupling parameter of the gauge theory; therefore, backgrounds with spacetime varying coupling — such as appear in F-theory and Janus configurations — are naturally included in this formalism. We demonstrate this with a few examples from past literature.
Examining the identity of Yukawa with gauge couplings in supersymmetric QCD at LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Freitas, A. [Zuerich Univ. (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Skands, P. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Spira, M. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Zerwas, P.M. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2007-03-15
The identity of the quark-squark-gluino Yukawa coupling with the corresponding quark-quark-gluon QCD coupling in supersymmetric theories can be examined experimentally at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Extending earlier investigations of like-sign di-lepton final states, we include jets in the analysis of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, adding squark-gluino and gluino-pair production to squark-pair production. Moreover we expand the method towards model-independent analyses which cover more general scenarios. In all cases, squark decays to light charginos and neutralinos persist to play a dominant role. (orig.)
Examining the identity of Yukawa with gauge couplings in supersymmetric QCD at LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Freitas, Ayres; /Zurich U.; Skands, Peter Z.; /Fermilab; Spira, M.; /PSI, Villigen; Zerwas, P.M.; /DESY
2007-03-01
The identity of the quark-squark-gluino Yukawa coupling with the corresponding quark-quark-gluon QCD coupling in supersymmetric theories can be examined experimentally at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Extending earlier investigations of like-sign di-lepton final states, we include jets in the analysis of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, adding squark-gluino and gluino-pair production to squark-pair production. Moreover we expand the method towards model-independent analyses which cover more general scenarios. In all cases, squark decays to light charginos and neutralinos persist to play a dominant role.
On the irreps of the N-extended supersymmetric quantum mechanics and their fusion graphs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Toppan, Francesco.
2006-12-01
In this talk we review the classification of the irreducible representations of the algebra of the N-extended one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics presented in hep-th/0511274. We answer some issues raised in hep-th/0611060, proving the agreement of the results here contained with those in hep-th/0511274. We further show that the fusion algebra of the 1D N-extended supersymmetric vacua introduced in hep-th/0511274 admits a graphical presentation. The N = 2 graphs are here explicitly presented for the first time. (author)
Yangian Symmetry and Integrability of Planar N=4 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory.
Beisert, Niklas; Garus, Aleksander; Rosso, Matteo
2017-04-07
In this Letter, we establish Yangian symmetry of planar N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. We prove that the classical equations of motion of the model close onto themselves under the action of Yangian generators. Moreover, we propose an off-shell extension of our statement, which is equivalent to the invariance of the action and prove that it is exactly satisfied. We assert that our relationship serves as a criterion for integrability in planar gauge theories by explicitly checking that it applies to the integrable Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory but not to the nonintegrable N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory.
Spectroscopy of four-dimensional N = 1 supersymmetric SU(3 Yang-Mills theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Steinhauser Marc
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Supersymmetric gauge theories are an important building block for extensions of the standard model. As a first step towards Super-QCD we investigate the pure gauge sector with gluons and gluinos on the lattice, in particular the low energy mass spectrum: meson-like gluinoballs, gluino-glueballs and pure glueballs. We report on some first calculations performed with clover improved Wilson fermions on rather small lattices. The supersymmetric continuum limit and particle masses are discussed and compared to predictions from effective field theory.
Supergravity backgrounds for four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills
Maxfield, Travis
2017-02-01
In this note, we describe supersymmetric backgrounds for the four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. As an extension of the method of Festuccia and Seiberg to sixteen supercharges in four dimensions, we utilize the coupling of the gauge theory to maximally extended conformal supergravity. Included among the fields of the conformal supergravity multiplet is the complexified coupling parameter of the gauge theory; therefore, backgrounds with spacetime varying coupling — such as appear in F-theory and Janus configurations — are naturally included in this formalism. We demonstrate this with a few examples from past literature.
Exact Results in Non-Supersymmetric Large N Orientifold Field Theories
Armoni, Adi; Veneziano, Gabriele
2003-01-01
We consider non-supersymmetric large N orientifold field theories. Specifically, we discuss a gauge theory with a Dirac fermion in the anti-symmetric tensor representation. We argue that, at large N and in a large part of its bosonic sector, this theory is non-perturbatively equivalent to N=1 SYM, so that exact results established in the latter (parent) theory also hold in the daughter orientifold theory. In particular, the non-supersymmetric theory has an exactly calculable bifermion condensate, exactly degenerate parity doublets, and a vanishing cosmological constant (all this to leading order in 1/N).
Supersymmetric Hybrid Inflation with Non-Minimal Kähler potential
Bastero-Gil, M; Shafi, Q
2007-01-01
Minimal supersymmetric hybrid inflation based on a minimal Kahler potential predicts a spectral index n_s\\gsim 0.98. On the other hand, WMAP three year data prefers a central value n_s \\approx 0.95. We propose a class of supersymmetric hybrid inflation models based on the same minimal superpotential but with a non-minimal Kahler potential. Including radiative corrections using the one-loop effective potential, we show that the prediction for the spectral index is sensitive to the small non-minimal corrections, and can lead to a significantly red-tilted spectrum, in agreement with WMAP.
Constraining sleptons at the LHC in a supersymmetric low-scale seesaw scenario
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cerna-Velazco, Nhell; Jones-Perez, Joel [Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, Seccion Fisica, Departamento de Ciencias, Lima (Peru); Faber, Thomas; Porod, Werner [Uni Wuerzburg, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Wuerzburg (Germany)
2017-10-15
We consider a scenario inspired by natural supersymmetry, where neutrino data is explained within a low-scale seesaw scenario. We extend the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model by adding light right-handed neutrinos and their superpartners, the R-sneutrinos, and consider the lightest neutralinos to be higgsino-like. We consider the possibilities of having either an R-sneutrino or a higgsino as lightest supersymmetric particle. Assuming that squarks and gauginos are heavy, we systematically evaluate the bounds on slepton masses due to existing LHC data. (orig.)