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Sample records for tadeusz kowalski evan

  1. Tadeusz Kantor jõudis Kumusse enneolematus suuruses / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    Näitus "Tadeusz Kantor. Poola avangardist ja teatriuuendaja" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 18. detsembrini 2011. T. Kantori eluloost, mõjust Eestile. Näituse haridusprogramm. T. Kantori teatrireform puudutas peamiselt lavastuse visuaalset külge, kujundust. Kantori muuseumi direktori Natalia Zarzecka kommentaarid

  2. The Search for Meaning in the Shadow of Auschwitz: Tadeusz Borowski and Viktor Frankl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumbleton, Susanne; Soleau, Jeffrey K.

    1995-01-01

    Recommends using the work of psychoanalyst and concentration camp survivor, Viktor Frankl, as a counterpoint and complement to the death camp stories of Tadeusz Borowski. Frankl's work on his own and others' experiences provides a context and approach to Borowski's cynical and nihilistic stories. (MJP)

  3. SIMULATION OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN THE JEZIORO KOWALSKIE RESERVOIR LOCATED IN THE GLOWNA RIVER

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    Joanna Jaskuła

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the presented research is the analysis of bed elevation changes caused by sediment accumulation in the Jezioro Kowalskie reservoir. The Jezioro Kowalskie reservoir is a two stage reservoir constructed in such a way that the upper preliminary zone is separated from the main part of the reservoir. The split of the reservoir parts is done with a small pre-dam, located in Jerzykowo town. The analysis of such a construction impact on changes of bed elevations in the reservoir in different flow conditions is presented. The HEC-RAS 5.0 Beta model is used for simulations. The sediment transport intensity is calculated from England-Hansen and Meyer-Peter and Muller formulae. The results showed the processes of sediment accumulation and slight erosion occuring in the preliminary zone of the reservoir. The choice of the flow intensity does not have a huge importance. Similar results are obtained for low as well as high flows. The results confirm, that two stage construction with separated preliminary zone is effective method preventing from the sedimentation of the reservoir.

  4. Tadeusz Kowalik: Radical Political Economist, Solidarity Advisor and Critic of Globalised Capitalism

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    Jan Toporowski

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The work is an obituary of Tadeusz Kowalik, the doyen of Polish political economists, who died in Warsaw on July 30th, 2012. In the English-speaking world Kowalik is best known as the last surviving collaborator of Michał Kalecki, an advisor to the Polish trade union Solidarity during the 1980s, and subsequently as a fierce critic of the brand of capitalism that established itself in his country.

  5. The literary science as de-facement. Problem of double authorship in Tadeusz Rachwał and Tadeusz Sławek's texts

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    Piotr Bogalecki

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The essay is an attempt of rethinking a mode of authorship in literary science discourse of Tadeusz Rachwał and Tadeusz Sławek. Their texts is being compared with G. Deleuze and F. Guattari's method of collective writing and interpreted according to theories of J. Derrida, P. de Man and M. Foucault. Rachwał and Sławek's strategy of double authorship (which is not the same as traditional co-authorship underlines the impossibility of recognition who is speaking in the text; therefore their collective books may be understood as a kind of performing theses which they contain (e.g. connected with poststructuralist "death of author" or a poet and God's mystical co-writing. Furthermore, double authorship leaves its marks on structure of text. We can see a lot of techniques which make Rachwał and Sławek's texts more complicated, e.g. fragmentary style of writing, using different types of typography and even creating an elements of visual poetry. These experiments and a new way of these texts' being in academic public sphere make them rather ethical than scientific - the ethic qualities and poetic function seem to be more important than the science typical cognitive functions. Because of unceasing underlining a linguistic aspect, the texts of Rachwał and Sławek may be read as examples of rhetorical type of ethic criticism. Not only do they ask about a significance of primary ethical ideas like friendship, community or responsibility, but also about an existence of category of author in literary studies after linguistic turn.

  6. Past, Friendship. Two glosses to Tadeusz Różewicz’s nożyk profesora

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    Marcin Jaworski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is an interpretation of the eponymous long poem from Tadeusz Różewicz’s volume nożyk profesora [professor’s knife]. The first part discusses the modes modes of narration of the experience of the Holocaust. The discussion focuses on meanings of the words “memory” and “history”, on the ironic use of pastoral convention, and on the transformation of the metaphor from Cyprian Norwid’s Przeszłość [The Past]. The poem recycling from the volume zawsze fragment. recycling is an important context. The second part of the article is devoted to the friendship between Tadeusz Różewicz and Mieczysław Porębski. The description of the friends’ breakfast points out to an interpretation of their relation in the context of their wartime biography: a death camp for Porębski, and resistance fighting for Różewicz. The poet, in spite of his memory and long-time friendship with the former prisoner, presents the Holocaust as a mediated experience that is virtually inaccessible. However, in many ways he still tries to bring it closer to the reader and does not let the reader forget it.

  7. Lyn Evans decelerates!

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    After more than 40 years at CERN, 15 of which were dedicated to ensuring that the LHC comes to completion, Lyn Evans is retiring. The Imperial College Professor and recently-elected Fellow of the British Royal Society has set himself new challenges, but plans to keep strong links with CERN. His big thank you goes to the many hundreds of people who built one of the most complex scientific instruments ever conceived by mankind. Note from the Editor: It is unusual for the Bulletin to adopt a question-and-answer style. However, we recognise that, with someone of Lyn’s stature, the appropriate thing to do is simply to give him the floor. Bulletin: Lyn, are you really leaving CERN? I am retiring but I will not completely lose contacts with CERN and the LHC. It’s time to slow down for me now but I will join the CMS Collaboration. I will help with the link between the experiment and the machine. Bulletin: After many years as LHC Project Manager...

  8. Recreation conflicts on Mt. Evans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerry J. Vaske; Karin Wittmann; Susan Laidlaw; Maureen P. Donnelly

    1995-01-01

    This study examines recreation conflict at Mt. Evans, Colorado; a high visibility area that attracts both hunters and non-hunters. Two types of conflict were distinguished: goal interference and conflict of values. Data were obtained from a series of on-site and mailed surveys. For hunting related events (e.g. seeing an animal being shot, hearing...

  9. Tadeusz Różewicz Writes Poems in 1946, Modernist Poet and War

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    Piotr Pietrych

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The starting point for the remarks on the early oeuvre of Tadeusz Różewicz is the poem “Śmierć podchorążego” (“Death of a Cadet” published in 1946 in the weekly Odrodzenie, and later included by the author in his famous volume Niepokój (1947 – which, however, was not reprinted later. “Śmierć podchorążego” shows fascination of young Różewicz with avant-garde poetry, especially the poetry of his contemporary master – Julian Przyboś. However, what is finally more interesting, the poem shows also—different than in the poem emblematic for Różewicz’s writings “Ocalony”—the attitude of the young poet to the subject of war. This different attitude is visible in his poetics as well as the interpretation of war experience included in this poem. Although, apart from the differences between “Śmierć podchorążego” and “Ocalony” there are also similarities. In both, Różewicz, as befits a modernist poet, tries to realize the postulate of the search for “new things”, which he formulated in his poetic manifesto published in April 1945.

  10. Evans function and Fredholm determinants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karambal, Issa; Malham, Simon J. A.

    2015-01-01

    We explore the relationship between the Evans function, transmission coefficient and Fredholm determinant for systems of first-order linear differential operators on the real line. The applications we have in mind include linear stability problems associated with travelling wave solutions to nonlinear partial differential equations, for example reaction–diffusion or solitary wave equations. The Evans function and transmission coefficient, which are both finite determinants, are natural tools for both analytic and numerical determination of eigenvalues of such linear operators. However, inverting the eigenvalue problem by the free-state operator generates a natural linear integral eigenvalue problem whose solvability is determined through the corresponding infinite Fredholm determinant. The relationship between all three determinants has received a lot of recent attention. We focus on the case when the underlying Fredholm operator is a trace class perturbation of the identity. Our new results include (i) clarification of the sense in which the Evans function and transmission coefficient are equivalent and (ii) proof of the equivalence of the transmission coefficient and Fredholm determinant, in particular in the case of distinct far fields. PMID:25663806

  11. [Tadeusz Tucholski (1898-1940). A contribution to the scientific biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucholska-Załuska, Hanna

    2014-01-01

    Assistant professor Tadeusz Tucholski Ph.D., murdered in Katyń, was one of the most outstanding representatives of the younger generation of Polish physical chemist scholars of the interwar period. He published over 30 scientific papers in the field of physical and chemical properties of explosions, kinetics and catalysis and also toxicology and forensics. Thesere searches were partly performed at the University of Poznań, in the period 1926-1939, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Department of Physics where Tucholski was employed as a senior assistant and was the closest associate of professor S. Kalandyk, partly at the Department of Forensic Medicine headed by professor S. Horoszkiewicz in the chemical-toxicological laboratory which Tucholski ranin the years 1931-1939, partly at the Warsaw University of Technology in the Department of Explosives Technology of the Faculty of Chemistry headed by professor T. Urbański, where he had been lecturing "On the latest theories of explosives" since 1937 and in 1934-35 in Cambridge, as a teaching fellow of the National Culture Fund, in Colloid Science Laboratory headed by professor E.K. Rideal. In 1903 Tucholski moved with his parents to Zabaykalye, in 1911--to Brazil. He returned to Poland in 1920, joined the Polish Army and with the 14th Polish Medium Regiment fought on the fronts of the Polish-Bolshevik War. He was drafted to the School of Pyrotechnics Foremen at Corps District Command number VII (Poznań). After graduating, Tucholski remained on active duty as a professional pyrotechnic: from 1921 to 1929 he was appointed the head of the Laboratory of Chemical and Pyrotechnic Ammunition Workshop No. 2 in Poznań and as an inspector of magazines of explosives. In 1927 he was transferred to the reserves, in 1932 after having graduated from the Officer Cadet School in Jarocin, Tucholski was appointed a second lieutenant in the Army Reserve, and later moved from the officers infantry corpsto the army ordnance corps. As

  12. Awards for Lyn Evans and Philippe Lebrun

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Lyn Evans has received the American Physical Society’s Robert R. Wilson Prize, while Philippe Lebrun has been awarded an honorary doctorate by the Wrocław University of Technology in Poland. Lyn Evans in front of an LHC dipole magnet. Philippe Lebrun (centre) with the Dean of the Faculty of mechanical and power engineering of the Wrocław University during the ceremony (courtesy of Laurent Tavian).Numerous honours are going to the LHC and those behind it even before this exceptional machine begins operation. The LHC Project Leader, Lyn Evans, has recently been awarded the "Robert R. Wilson Prize for Achievement in the Physics of Particle Accelerators" by the American Physical Society (APS). According to the citation, the prize was awarded "for a sustained career of technical innovation and leadership in the SPS proton-antiproton collider, culminating in the construction and commissioning of the LHC&am...

  13. Síndrome de Evans en lactantes

    OpenAIRE

    Flores-Montes, Olivia Alejandra; Escobar-Orduño, Martha Cecilia; Lozano-Garcidueñas, Mónica; Valle-Leal, Jaime Guadalupe

    2017-01-01

    Introducción: El síndrome de Evans se caracteriza por la disminución de, al menos, dos líneas celulares en ausencia de otros diagnósticos. Anteriormente, se definía como el desarrollo simultáneo o secuencial de trombocitopenia inmune primaria y anemia hemolítica autoinmune sin etiología específica. Se ha reportado una incidencia del 37% y una mortalidad del 10% de este síndrome. Casos clínicos: Se presenta la información clínica y la evolución del síndrome de Evans en dos pacientes lactant...

  14. A strange case of Evans syndrome

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    Manuel Monti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Evans syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease presenting hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and/or neutropenia. It may be associated with other autoimmune or lymphoproliferative diseases. It can have an extremely serious disease course and, in rare cases, this can even be life-threatening. First-line treatment consists of steroids and/or immunoglobulin. Further therapy with rituximab, vincristine, cyclophosphamide and other immunosuppressive drugs can be considered in unresponsive patients. We report a case of Evans syndrome in a 54-year old woman admitted to the Emergency Department (ED for asthenia. Etiopathogenic, clinical, therapeutic and evolutive aspects are discussed. In contrast to many cases described in the literature, our patient had a satisfactory response to corticoids. We also discuss how to make a specific diagnosis, even in a suburban ED with limited resources, in order to admit patients to the appropriate hospital department and allow the correct therapy to be started as early as possible.

  15. Multiple myeloma associated with an Evan's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bechir, Achour; Haifa, Regaieg; Nesrine, Ben Sayed; Emna, Bouslema; Senda, Mejdoub; Asma, Achour; Amina, Bouatay Bouzouita; Mrabet, Senda; Yosra, Ben Youssef; Mondher, Kortas; Abderrahim, Khelif

    2016-01-01

    Auto-immun events are rare in multiple myeloma (MM). Here, we report one MM case complicated by Evans syndrome (Autoimmun hemolytic anemia (AIHA) associated with thrombocytopenia). A 52-year-old man was admitted in nephrology department with severe anemia, renal insufficiency and hypergamma globulinemia. Laboratory exams showed acute hemolysis due to an IgG warm autoantibody. Serum electrophoresis revealed the presence of a monoclonal IgG protein and urinary M protein was 2g/day. A whole body CT-Scan showed osteolytic lesions of vertebral body of C5, D4, L3, L4 and the left iliac wing. The diagnosis of multiple myeloma and Evan's syndrome was made, we underwent chemotherapy by BTD (bortezomib-thalidomide-dexamethasone) and continuous corticosteroid therapy but unfortunately the patient died secondary of a Lactic acidosis. The relationship between MM and hemolysis remain unclear.

  16. Obituary: David Stanley Evans, 1916-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bash, Frank N.

    2005-12-01

    David Stanley Evans died on 14 November 2004 in Austin, Texas. He was a noted observational astronomer whose career was divided between South Africa and Texas. He also used the extensive historical collections at the University of Texas to write several books on the history of astronomy. He was born in Cardiff, Wales on 28 January 1916. David received his BA degree in mathematics in 1937 from Kings College, Cambridge. He became a PhD student at Cambridge Observatory in 1937, and was one of Sir Arthur Eddington's last surviving students. He received his PhD degree in 1941 with a dissertation entitled, "The Formation of the Balmer Series of Hydrogen in Stellar Atmospheres." He was a conscientious objector to war and, thus, spent the war years at Oxford working with physicist Kurt Mendelssohn on medical problems, involving cadavers, relating to the war. During these years, David was scientific editor of "Discovery", and he was editor of "The Observatory". David left England in 1946 in order to take up the position of Second Assistant at the Radcliffe Observatory, Pretoria, South Africa. He and H. Knox Shaw were the entire staff after R. O. Redman left, and they aluminized and installed the mirrors in the 74-inch telescope. His notable scientific contribution was to use lunar occultations to measure stellar angular diameters during the 1950s. He succeeded in determining the angular diameter of Antares and determined that Arcturus was not circular but had an elliptical shape. The elliptical shape was later shown to be an instrumental artifact, but the utility of using lunar occultations to measure stellar diameters and stellar multiplicity was conclusively demonstrated. T. Gold presented David's paper on lunar occultation angular diameters at the January 1953 meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society. For the rest of his life, David resented Gold's remarks, because he felt that he had been ridiculed. By 1953, David Evans was Chief Assistant at the Royal Observatory

  17. Spectral Uncertainties: A Review of Precarity and Loss: On Certain and Uncertain Properties of Life and Work by Tadeusz Rachwał

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    Edyta Lorek-Jezińska

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Precarity and uncertainty recur in numerous critical accounts of the present to stress the sense of social and personal insecurity resulting from global changes and increasing inequalities. This review discusses Precarity and Loss: On Certain and Uncertain Properties of Life and Work by Tadeusz Rachwał (2017 as an examination of the major philosophical and social uncertainties of the present and their indebtedness to the (uncertainties of the past. The article situates Rachwał’s book in the context of Judith Butler’s reflections on precariousness, Guy Standing’s study on the precariat, and Zygmunt Bauman’s concept of liquidity in order to unravel some of the answers it offers to the overpowering sense of vulnerability.

  18. Computing Evans functions numerically via boundary-value problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Blake; Nguyen, Rose; Sandstede, Björn; Ventura, Nathaniel; Wahl, Colin

    2018-03-01

    The Evans function has been used extensively to study spectral stability of travelling-wave solutions in spatially extended partial differential equations. To compute Evans functions numerically, several shooting methods have been developed. In this paper, an alternative scheme for the numerical computation of Evans functions is presented that relies on an appropriate boundary-value problem formulation. Convergence of the algorithm is proved, and several examples, including the computation of eigenvalues for a multi-dimensional problem, are given. The main advantage of the scheme proposed here compared with earlier methods is that the scheme is linear and scalable to large problems.

  19. Eesti naksitrallid Poolas / Flavek Kowalsky

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    Kowalsky, Flavek

    2000-01-01

    8. märtsist Sopoti galeriis "Marzenie Provincionalnej Dziewczyny" ("Provintsitüdruku Unistus") samanimelise näitusesarja näitus "Provintsipoisi unistus". Kuraator Paulina M. Olowska. Eestlaste Jasper Zoova, Tarrvi Laamannni ja Kiwa töödest. Kunstiväljapanekule sekundeerinud muusikaõhtul klubis "Sfinks" esinesid T. Laamannn ja Kiwa pop-projektiga "Nervous cowboys".

  20. Loe lisaks / Anthony de Kowalsky

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    Kowalsky, Anthony de

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustused : Mark Ravenhilli "Võta mind!" Vanemuises, lavastaja Ingomar Vihmar Tartu Sadamateatris; näitleja Kristjan Sarve aktsioon "99x" Henry Milleri "Vähi pöörijoonest", mida näitleja esitab 99 korda ja Eesti teatri parima meesnäitleja auhinnaga pärjatud Üllar Saaremäe nimirollist lavastuses "Cyrano de Bergerac" Rakvere Teatris

  1. Soul / Randy Becker, Bill Evans, Evelin Samuel ; interv. Sven Sapelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Becker, Randy

    2007-01-01

    The Soulbop Bandi rajajad Randy Becker ja Bill Evans ning meie Evelin Samuel gospeli ja rhytmblues'i juurtega soulist. Lk. 72-73 Inessa Josingu ja Ande Kaalepi souliteemaline fotolavastusega ruumikujundus

  2. 76 FR 7832 - Evans Solutions, LLC; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments, Protests, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Evans Solutions, LLC; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting... Intention. b. Docket No: DI10-20-000. c. Date Filed: September 21, 2010. d. Applicant: Evans Solutions, LLC...). h. Applicant Contact: Reginald Evans, Evans Solutions, LLC, P.O. Box 1303, Sumter, SC 29150...

  3. Man’s Place in Nature. The Biocentrism of Zdzisława Piatek vs. the Anthropology of Tadeusz Ślipko and Piotr Mazur

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    Paulina Łośko

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Man’s Place in Nature. The Biocentrism of Zdzisława Piatek vs. the Anthropology of Tadeusz Ślipko and Piotr MazurThis article concerns the issue of human beings’ role and purpose in nature, taking as its central example the biocentric conception developed by Zdzislawa Piatek. Man’s relation to his natural environment is an extremely important one. Our habitat shapes our lives and allows civilization to progress, yet life and progress can themselves pose a threat to the environment. It is for this reason that ecological matters have attracted such attention amongst a variety of specialists over the last few decades – not only from those working in the field of the natural sciences, but also from philosophers, in that the threat of ecological crisis has emerged in connection with civilizational advancement. The goal of this article is to give an adequate account of the place of human beings in this system. By an “adequate account”, I mean one that defines the place and purpose of humans within their habitat in terms that allow for a consideration of spiritual, physical and moral aspects of human nature. With this ultimate aim in mind, the first part of the article presents the biocentric conception of Piatek. Following on from this, the author considers the theocentric philosophy of Slipko and classical anthropology as construed by Mazur – both of which are opposed to biocentric philosophy. The final part then presents the author’s own conclusions.

  4. Evans function computation for the stability of travelling waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, B.; Humpherys, J.; Lyng, G.; Lytle, J.

    2018-04-01

    In recent years, the Evans function has become an important tool for the determination of stability of travelling waves. This function, a Wronskian of decaying solutions of the eigenvalue equation, is useful both analytically and computationally for the spectral analysis of the linearized operator about the wave. In particular, Evans-function computation allows one to locate any unstable eigenvalues of the linear operator (if they exist); this allows one to establish spectral stability of a given wave and identify bifurcation points (loss of stability) as model parameters vary. In this paper, we review computational aspects of the Evans function and apply it to multidimensional detonation waves. This article is part of the theme issue `Stability of nonlinear waves and patterns and related topics'.

  5. Pregnancy and Evans´ syndrome: case report

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    Santiago Artucio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Evans´ syndrome is the coexistence of autoimmune thrombocytopenia with autoimmune hemolytic anemia. It is rarely found during the course of a pregnancy. This makes treatment options more difficult, since some therapeutic drugs are teratogenic. The effects of Evans´ syndrome in the fetus and newborn are unknown given the low number of reported cases. We report the case of a patient with preconceptional diagnosis of Evans´ syndrome, who develops a hemolytic crisis during the course of a pregnancy, and diagnosis of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR, treated at Clínica Ginecotocológica “A” at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center, in Montevideo, Uruguay. Treatment options and evolution are analyzed, as well as previous reports.

  6. Posthumous Pardons, the Home Office and the Timothy Evans Case

    OpenAIRE

    Rubin, Gerry

    2007-01-01

    Examines the legal issues surrounding the exercise of the prerogative of mercy to grant posthumous pardons either to those convicted of a capital offence or those executed for offences under military law, specifically during the First World War. Focuses on the policy considerations leading to the Home Secretary’s decision to recommend the grant of a posthumous pardon for Timothy Evans in 1966.

  7. Diplodia natalensis , Pole Evans: a causal agent of citrus gummosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Isolations were made from the barks of gummosis-infected citrus trees from orchards of the University of Ghana Agricultural Research Station at Kade. The isolation media used were 1.5% water agar, 1.5% water agar + nystatin and 1.5% water agar + benomyl. Four isolates including Diplodia natalensis Pole Evans, ...

  8. Spectral Analysis and Dirichlet Forms on Barlow-Evans Fractals

    OpenAIRE

    Steinhurst, Benjamin; Teplyaev, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    We show that if a Barlow-Evans Markov process on a vermiculated space is symmetric, then one can study the spectral properties of the corresponding Laplacian using projective limits. For some examples, such as the Laakso spaces and a Spierpinski P\\^ate \\`a Choux, one can develop a complete spectral theory, including the eigenfunction expansions that are analogous to Fourier series. Also, one can construct connected fractal spaces isospectral to the fractal strings of Lapidus and van Frankenhu...

  9. Experience with Evans syndrome in an academic referral center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Jaime-Pérez

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To document the experience of one referral service with patients diagnosed with Evans syndrome, the treatment and response and to briefly review current treatment strategies and results.METHODS: Patients enrolled in this study fulfilled criteria for Evans syndrome. Data were retrieved from the clinical files and electronic databases of the Department of Hematology, Hospital Universitario "Dr. José Eleuterio González". Treatment modalities and response and the use of additional therapies were evaluated. The literature was reviewed in the context of the clinical course of the studied patients.RESULTS: Six patients were diagnosed with Evans syndrome in the study period. Patient 1 was treated with steroids, relapsed twice and was again treated with steroids. Patient 2 treated initially with steroids plus intravenous immunoglobulin was subsequently lost to follow-up. A good response was achieved in Patients 3 and 4, who were treated with steroids plus rituximab; patient 4 also received danazol as a second-line therapy. However both relapsed and subsequently underwent splenectomy at ten and nine months, respectively. One patient, number 5, treated with steroids, danazol and rituximab did not relapse within four years of follow-up and Patient 6, who received steroids plus danazol did not relapse within three years of follow-up.CONCLUSION: Evans syndrome is an uncommon hematologic condition rarely diagnosed and not widely studied. Clinicians must have it in mind when evaluating a patient with a positive direct antiglobulin test, anemia and thrombocytopenia, since prognosis depends on its early recognition and opportune therapy, but even this leads to variable results.

  10. Professor Bakytzhan Abdiraiym Rector of the L. Gumilov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan accompanied by Prof. Kairat Kuterbekov, Dr Bekzat Prmantayeva, Dr Kuralay Maksut with the Director-General, Dr Tadeusz Kurtyka, Adviser for Non-Member States, Mrs Julia Andreeva, Department of Information Technologies and Dr Nikolai Zimine, ATLAS Collaboration, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    Professor Bakytzhan Abdiraiym Rector of the L. Gumilov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan accompanied by Prof. Kairat Kuterbekov, Dr Bekzat Prmantayeva, Dr Kuralay Maksut with the Director-General, Dr Tadeusz Kurtyka, Adviser for Non-Member States, Mrs Julia Andreeva, Department of Information Technologies and Dr Nikolai Zimine, ATLAS Collaboration, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna

  11. Tosta Evans, 1953 (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae): a new species from northeast Brazil, first description of the female of Tosta tosta Evans, 1953, and placement of the genus within Achlyodini.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siewert, Ricardo Russo; Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik; Casagrande, Mirna Martins

    2015-08-11

    A new species of Tosta Evans, 1953 from northeast Brazil is described: T. pseudospeculum Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande, sp. nov. Additionally, the female of Tosta tosta Evans, 1953, the type species of the genus, is described for the first time. Illustrations of adults and male and female genitalia for all studied species are provided, as well as a discussion of the placement of the genus within the tribe Achlyodini.

  12. Embarazo y Síndrome de Evans: a propósito de un caso

    OpenAIRE

    Artucio, Santiago; Silva Ledesma, Rosina; Ben, Sebastián; Fiol, Verónica; Cóppola, Francisco; Clínica Ginecotocológica "A" Prof. Dr. Briozzo, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República. Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay.

    2015-01-01

    El síndrome de Evans es la coexistencia de trombocitopenia autoinmune con anemia hemolítica autoinmune. Raramente se presenta durante el curso de un embarazo. Esto dificulta las opciones terapéuticas, dado que algunos de los agentes utilizados para el tratamiento son teratogénicos. Los efectos del síndrome de Evans en el feto y recién nacido se desconocen dado el escaso número de casos publicados.Presentamos el caso de una paciente con diagnóstico preconcepcional de síndrome de Evans, que pre...

  13. Síndrome de Evans de aparición súbita en el embarazo Evans Syndrome of Sudden onset in Pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Barboza-Retana; Pilar Bogantes-Ledezma; William Carballo-Gutiérrez; Jorge Díaz-Camacho

    2011-01-01

    La trombocitopenia complica hasta el 10% de los embarazos. El síndrome de Evans es la coexistencia de la trombocitopenia inmune con anemia hemolítica autoinmune. Se presenta un caso de síndrome de Evans durante el embarazo, complicado por preclampsia y neutropenia fetal. Una mujer de 20 años de edad, previamente sana, primigesta, que presentó a las 34 semanas de gestación dolor epigástrico, trombocitopenia y pre eclampsia. Se le realizó parto por cesárea, por presentar síndrome de HELLP. A lo...

  14. Lateral hindfoot instability treated with the Evans tenodesis: a biomechanical analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaersgaard-Andersen, P.; Madsen, F.; Frich, Lars Henrik

    1990-01-01

    The stabilizing effect of the Evans tenodesis on movements in the tibiotalocalcaneal joint complex was studied in 10 amputation specimens, using a kinesiologic testing device. The tenodesis was tested following solitary lesion of the anterior talofibular ligament and after combined lesions...... in the neutral position, the Evans tenodesis cannot reconstruct normal hindfoot kinematics, irrespective of the extent of ligamentous damage. However, severe instability in adduction and internal rotation, both part of clinical supination, were effectively prevented by the tenodesis....

  15. Jung, Evans-Wentz and various other gurus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, William

    2003-09-01

    How did Jung become deeply concerned with Asian religions and particularly with the Tibetan Buddhism of a Welshman from Trenton, New Jersey? Could that man be considered one of Jung's gurus? This essay begins six years after Jung, at twenty, was admitted to the medical school of Basel University and became a member of the Zofingiaverein, a student society. The next year he gave the first of a series of lectures on the interpretation of Christ as the model of the 'god-man', like the Apostle Paul, Confucius, Zoroaster and the Buddha, who was 'drummed into the Hindu boy'. (Jung's Zofingia Lectures were discovered only after his death, in 1961, and were published in English in 1983). The present essay discusses Jung's early Buddhist interest as displayed in The Psychology of the Unconscious (finally, in a revision, entitled Symbols of Transformation), in Psychological Types and later in his foreword of the Wilhelm translation of the I Ching. Jung was influenced by the gurus Richard Wilhelm and his son Hellmut, the scholar J. W. Hauer (with whom he later broke off relations because of Hauer's Nazi politics), the indologist Heinrich Zimmer, and the Zen master D. T. Suzuki. Walter Yeeling Wentz was born in Trenton in 1878 and brought up in his family's theosophist faith. The Wentzes moved to San Diego in 1900, and Walter added his mother's Celtic surname, Evans, to the German Wentz. He was educated at Stanford University and travelled in Europe, studying Celtic folklore, and widely in the Near East, Tibet, India, and Oxford--studying religions everywhere and editing Tibetan books. He lived his last decades in San Diego and conducted a correspondence with Jung, while living in a cheap hotel, or in an ashram.

  16. Evans syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus: clinical presentation and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costallat, Guilherme Lavras; Appenzeller, Simone; Costallat, Lilian Tereza Lavras

    2012-07-01

    To review the clinical, laboratory and outcome features of Evans syndrome (ES) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We reviewed the charts of 953 SLE patients followed up regularly at our service. ES was defined as the presence of hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia concomitantly or sequentially. Clinical and laboratory manifestations occurring during the disease course, as well as concomitant diseases and survival was carefully reviewed. We identified ES in 26 of 953 (2.7%) SLE patients. Twenty-three were women with mean age at SLE diagnosis of 25.7 years. Four (15%) patients had disease onset before the age of 16. In the majority of patients (92%), immune thrombocytopenia and AIHA appeared simultaneously at the beginning of SLE. Active features of SLE were a frequent finding concomitant to ES, especially arthritis (77%), malar rash (61.5%), photosensitivity (57.6%), oral ulcers (34.6%), nephritis (73%), serositis (54%), neuropsychiatric (19%) and pulmonary (15%) manifestations. In addition to this multisystemic disease, 34.6% of our patients had an association with another autoimmune disease such as antiphospholipid syndrome. Recurrence of ES was observed in only four (15%) patients. After follow-up time of 8.72 years, 19 patients (73%) were in remission and seven (27%) patients died. ES is a rare manifestation in SLE, occurring in patients with severe multisystemic SLE manifestations. Treatment strategies frequently used in SLE contribute to longer disease remission and less frequent exacerbation than observed in the general population with ES. Copyright © 2011 Société française de rhumatologie. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Revisão de Elbella Evans e gêneros afins (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrrhopyginae Revision of Elbella Evans and related genera (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrrhopyginae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaf H. H Mielke

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available A systematic study of the genera Microceris Watson, 1893, Elbella Evans, 1951, Parelbella. gen.n. (type species: Hesperia polyzona [Latreille, 1824], Pseudocroniades. gen.n. (type species: Ericides (sic machaon Westwood, [1852] and Protelbella, gen.n. (type species: Pyrrhopyga (sic alburna Mabille, 1891, a natural group of the Pyrrhopyginae, here called "Elbella Complex", is presented. The following are spp.n. and sspp.n.: Elbella intersecta paraensis, Brazil: Pará; Elbella intersecta rufitegula, Brazil: Pernambuco, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro State; Elbella viriditas boliviana, Bolivia: La Paz; Elbella lampra albociliata, Brazil: São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina: Elbella azeta giffordi, Brazil: Distrito Federal and São Paulo; Elbella patrobas mexicana, Mexico: Chiapas and Quintana Roo; Elbella patrobas evansi, Colombia: Cauca, Caldas and Boyaca; Elbella patrobas tingo, Brazil: Rondonia and Peru: Huanuco and Madre de Dios; Elbella patrobas amazonica, Brazil: Amazonas; Parelbella peruana, Peru: Junin; Pseudocroniades machaon seabrai, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro State; Protelbella alburna brasiliensis, Brazil: Amazonas, Rondonia and Mato Grosso, and French Guiana: Montagne aux Cheveaux. The following genus is a syn.n.: Hegesippe Evans, 1951 of Elbella Evans, 1951. The following species and subspecies are syn.n.: Pyrrhopyga (sic semidentata Mabille, 1877 and Elbella intersecta ilona Evans, 1951 of Elbella intersecta intersecta (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869: Pyrrhopyge carriae Bell, 1931 of Elbella viriditas viriditas (Skinner, 1920; Pyrrhopyga (sic menecrates Mabille, 1878 and Pyrrhopyge margimmiscus Hayward, 1935 of Elbella lampra lampra (Hopffer, 1874; Elbella etna moda Evans, 1951 of Elbella etna Evans, 1951; Jemadia umbrata Mabille & Boullet, 1908 of Elbella patroclus patroclus (Plötz, 1879; Pyrrhopyga (sic jamina Butler, 1870 and Pyrrhopyga (sic zimra Hewitson, 1871 of Parelbella ahira ahira (Hewitson, 1857; Elbella

  18. Comics Activism: An Interview with Comics Artist and Activist Kate Evans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominic Davies

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This is an interview with comics artist Kate Evans, author of 'Red Rosa' (2015 and 'Threads: From the Refugee Experience' (2017, as well as a number of other comics, about her recent work, which operates at the intersection of several of the most exciting genre developments in comics in recent years. In the interview Evans reflects on recent shifts in comics journalism, as well as other trends in the field such as the rise of graphic memoir, through examples taken from Evans’s own work as well as that of Joe Sacco, Lynda Barry, Alison Bechdel and others.

  19. Síndrome de Evans de aparición súbita en el embarazo

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Barboza-Retana; Pilar Bogantes-Ledezma; William Carballo-Gutiérrez; Jorge Díaz-Camacho

    2011-01-01

    La trombocitopenia complica hasta el 10% de los embarazos. El síndrome de Evans es la coexistencia de la trombocitopenia inmune con anemia hemolítica autoinmune. Se presenta un caso de síndrome de Evans durante el embarazo, complicado por preclampsia y neutropenia fetal. Una mujer de 20 años de edad, previamente sana, primigesta, que presentó a las 34 semanas de gestación dolor epigástrico, trombocitopenia y pre eclampsia. Se le realizó parto por cesárea, por presentar síndrome de HELLP. A lo...

  20. Unboxing and brands: youtubers phenomenon through the case study of EvanTubeHD

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos-Serrano, Marina; Herrero Diz, Paula

    2016-01-01

    The general objective of this paper is to go deeper into the youtubers phenomenon as opinion leaders, therefore, the importance of these people as prescriptors for children and teenagers. Specifically, we propose to analyse the case of Evan Snyderan American child who, at the age of eight, (2011) began to use YouTube to comment on video games. While his number of followers increased, the themes of his videos became more and more diverse. We have carried out a content analysis of Evan Snyder's...

  1. On the behavior of Brønsted-Evans-Polanyi relations for transition metal oxides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vojvodic, Aleksandra; Vallejo, Federico Calle; Guo, Wei

    2011-01-01

    Versatile Brønsted-Evans-Polanyi (BEP) relations are found from density functional theory for a wide range of transition metal oxides including rutiles and perovskites. For oxides, the relation depends on the type of oxide, the active site, and the dissociating molecule. The slope of the BEP...

  2. Katayama fever in scuba divers - A report of 3 cases | Evans | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Katayama fever in scuba divers - A report of 3 cases. A.C. Evans, D.J. Martin, B.D. Ginsburg. Abstract. Katayama fever or acute schistosomiasis probably occurs more commonly than is recorded. Interviews with a 3-man scuba diving team who had had contact with a large dam in an ·endemic area of the eastern Transvaal ...

  3. Enantioselective Evans-Tishchenko Reduction of b-Hydroxyketone Catalyzed by Lithium Binaphtholate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makoto Nakajima

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Lithium diphenylbinaphtholate catalyzed the enantioselective Evans-Tishchenko reduction of achiral b-hydroxyketones to afford monoacyl-protected 1,3-diols with high stereoselectivities. In the reaction of racemic b-hydroxyketones, kinetic optical resolution occurred in a highly stereoselective manner.

  4. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, as part of Evans' syndrome, caused by cold reactive IgG autoantibodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, AS; Muis, N; DeGraaf, SSN

    1996-01-01

    We describe a boy with Evans' syndrome, consisting of immune thrombocytopenic purpura at age 2 and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) at age 4. AIHA was caused by cold Ige autoantibodies. This is unusual because AIHA is generally associated with either warm IgG antibodies or cold IgM antibodies.

  5. Automated method to compute Evans index for diagnosis of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus on brain CT images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Noriyuki; Kinoshita, Toshibumi; Ohmura, Tomomi; Matsuyama, Eri; Toyoshima, Hideto

    2017-03-01

    The early diagnosis of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) considered as a treatable dementia is important. The iNPH causes enlargement of lateral ventricles (LVs). The degree of the enlargement of the LVs on CT or MR images is evaluated by using a diagnostic imaging criterion, Evans index. Evans index is defined as the ratio of the maximal width of frontal horns (FH) of the LVs to the maximal width of the inner skull (IS). Evans index is the most commonly used parameter for the evaluation of ventricular enlargement. However, manual measurement of Evans index is a time-consuming process. In this study, we present an automated method to compute Evans index on brain CT images. The algorithm of the method consisted of five major steps: standardization of CT data to an atlas, extraction of FH and IS regions, the search for the outmost points of bilateral FH regions, determination of the maximal widths of both the FH and the IS, and calculation of Evans index. The standardization to the atlas was performed by using linear affine transformation and non-linear wrapping techniques. The FH regions were segmented by using a three dimensional region growing technique. This scheme was applied to CT scans from 44 subjects, including 13 iNPH patients. The average difference in Evans index between the proposed method and manual measurement was 0.01 (1.6%), and the correlation coefficient of these data for the Evans index was 0.98. Therefore, this computerized method may have the potential to accurately compute Evans index for the diagnosis of iNPH on CT images.

  6. Taxonomia e distribuição de Cheilolejeunea aneogyna (Spruce A. Evans (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta Taxonomy and distribution of Cheilolejeunea aneogyna (Spruce A. Evans (Lejeuneaceae, Marchantiophyta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cid José Passos Bastos

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cheilolejeunea aneogyna (Spruce A. Evans é uma espécie sul americana, ocorrendo nas Florestas Amazônica e Atlântica. Caracteriza-se, principalmente, pela presença do segundo e primeiro dentes do lóbulo contíguos um ao outro e ausência de inovações. Entre as espécies neotropicais, C. aneogyna é a única que pode apresentar ocelos, porém, a presença destes não é constante. Descrição, ilustração, comentários sobre a morfologia e distribuição geográfica são fornecidos e discutidos. Está sendo referida pela primeira vez para a Bolívia.Cheilolejeunea aneogyna (Spruce A. Evans is a South American species found in the Amazon and Atlantic Forest. It is characterized mainly by the presence of the first and second teeth of the lobule that are adjacent to each other and the lack of innovations. Among the neotropical species, C. aneogyna is the only one that has ocelli; however, their presence is not constant. A description, illustration, and comments on the morphology and geographic distribution are provided. This species is reported for the first time for Bolivia.

  7. Therapeutic management of evans syndrome in a pregnancy with maternal systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nause, S L; Spiegler, J; Weichert, J; Hartge, D R

    2015-08-01

    A 31-year-old 2 G 1 P was referred to our unit of prenatal medicine at 35+3 weeks of gestation with a spontaneously conceived singleton pregnancy of a female fetus without detectable anomalies. Maternal hematological evaluation revealed an Evans-syndrome-related thrombocytopenia based on a lupus erythematosus. The former delivery was aggravated by a severe hemorrhage several years before. Anti-autoimmunologic therapy was started and maternal platelets count increased to physiological values. Uneventful ceasarean section was performed at 37 weeks of gestation with favourable outcome for mother and child. This case is the first report of a successful therapy in maternal Evans syndrome in pregnancy combined with a lupus erythematosus. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Moniliophthora roreri (Cif y Par) Evans et al. en el cultivo de cacao

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Mora, Fernando David; Garcés Fiallos, Felipe Rafael

    2012-01-01

    More than a century, cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in Ecuador has been an important source of income for farmers and currency for the country, becoming one of the biggest exporters worldwide. Then, gradually lost that status due to the attack of diseases, including moniliasis caused by [Moniliophthora roreri (Cif and Par) Evans et al.]. It can cause damage of up to 80% in production. Currently there is little scientific date information on its occurrence, symptoms, etiology, epidemiology, life c...

  9. Sotsiaalne ettevõtlus lahendab murekohti / Mervi Raudsaar, Roger Evans ; intervjueerinud Merilyn Merisalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mervi, 1975-

    2012-01-01

    TÜ ettevõtluskeskuse kaasabil loetakse kevadsemestril Tartu ülikoolis, Eesti maaülikoolis, Tallinna ülikoolis ja EBS-is inglise- ja eestikeelset õppeainet "Sotsiaalse ettevõtluse alused". Loenguid loevad TÜ majandusteaduskonna ettevõtluse assistent Mervi Raudsaar, külalisprofessor Roger Evans Šotimaalt ning Margarita Sokolova Heateo Sihtasutusest. Ainekursus valmib koostöös Heateo Sihtasutuse ja EASiga

  10. Perturbations to the Lower Ionosphere by Tropical Cyclone Evan in the South Pacific Region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kumar, Sushil; Amor, Samir Nait; Chanrion, Olivier

    2017-01-01

    ) observed during tropical cyclone (TC) Evan, 9-16 December 2012 when TC was in the proximity of the transmitter-receiver links. We observed a maximum amplitude perturbation of 5.7dB on JJI transmitter during 16 December event. From Long Wave Propagation Capability model applied to three selected events we...... and sink (bringing the lower ionosphere with it), an effect that may be mediated by gravity waves generated by the TC. The perturbations were observed before the storm was classified as a TC, at a time when it was a tropical depression, suggesting the broader conclusion that severe convective storms...

  11. Evans Syndrome Presented with Marginal Zone Lymphoma and Duodenal Neuroendocrine Tumor in an Elderly Woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele D'Ambrosio

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Evans syndrome (ES is an autoimmune disorder characterized by simultaneous or sequential development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia, and/or neutropenia. ES can be classified as a primary (idiopathic or secondary (associated with an underlying disease syndrome. We report a case of ES in an elderly patient in the presence of multiple trigger factors such as recent influenza vaccine, marginal zone lymphoma, and neuroendocrine tumor G1. Whether this association is casual or causal remains a matter of speculation. It is however necessary to have a thorough work-up in a newly diagnosed ES and a more accurate search of miscellaneous factors especially in elderly patients.

  12. Moniliophthora roreri (Cif y Par Evans et al. in the crop of cocoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando David Sánchez Mora

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available More than a century, cacao (Theobroma cacao L. in Ecuador has been an important source of income for farmers and currency for the country, becoming one of the biggest exporters worldwide. Then, gradually lost that status due to the attack of diseases, including moniliasis caused by [Moniliophthora roreri (Cif and Par Evans et al.]. It can cause damage of up to 80% in production. Currently there is little scientific date information on its occurrence, symptoms, etiology, epidemiology, life cycle management or control strategies of that disease, by performing this review both these important topics, bringing with it to this area of knowledge.

  13. Plasma volume methodology: Evans blue, hemoglobin-hematocrit, and mass density transformations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenleaf, J. E.; Hinghofer-Szalkay, H.

    1985-01-01

    Methods for measuring absolute levels and changes in plasma volume are presented along with derivations of pertinent equations. Reduction in variability of the Evans blue dye dilution technique using chromatographic column purification suggests that the day-to-day variability in the plasma volume in humans is less than + or - 20 m1. Mass density determination using the mechanical-oscillator technique provides a method for measuring vascular fluid shifts continuously for assessing the density of the filtrate, and for quantifying movements of protein across microvascular walls. Equations for the calculation of volume and density of shifted fluid are presented.

  14. Joint reproductive autonomy: does Evans v Amicus Healthcare Ltd provide for a gender-neutral approach to assisted reproductive rights?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allin, Michael J

    2015-06-01

    Assisted reproductive technology encompasses methods of achieving pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial means. Whilst these methods are more commonly used by couples suffering from problems of infertility, some forms of assistance are employed by fertile couples, for example pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. The overall regulatory framework in the UK is predominantly found in the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990. The usual rules relating to consent and autonomy apply and were discussed in depth in Evans v Amicus Healthcare Ltd and later in Evans v United Kingdom. This paper considers whether the Evans litigation envisages the possibility of further encouraging joint autonomy in the use of zygotes and whether there is a continuing right to autonomy by the party not bearing the pregnancy. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  15. Monotypic no longer: a new species ofPancaEvans (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae: Moncini) from South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolibaina, Diego Rodrigo; Carneiro, Eduardo; Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik; Casagrande, Mirna Martins; Lamas, Gerardo

    2017-05-19

    A new species belonging to the previously monotypic genus Panca Evans, 1955, P. moseri Dolibaina, Carneiro & O. Mielke sp. nov., from grasslands areas of Peru, Bolivia and Brazil is described. Adults and male and female genitalia of the new species are illustrated, described in detail, and compared with the type species of the genus, Lerodea subpunctuli Hayward, 1934, and with its externally most similar and sympatric species, Vidius mictra Evans, 1955. The systematic position of the genus Panca and its association with lowland open natural habitats of South America are discussed.

  16. Measurement of the increase in the capillary permeability in skin with Evans blue labelled with iodine-125 or 131

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sugarava, S.; Goncalves, J.M.

    1976-01-01

    The quantitative evaluation of bradykinin and histamine with Evans blue labelled with iodine -125 or 131 is described. The activity upon vascular permeability was performed in the abdominal wall of rats injecting intravenously solution of labelled Evans blue and 0,1 ml of vasoactive drugs solution intradermally. Skin discs were cut with circular punch for external counting, quantitative results being compared with control discs. By using this method, satisfactory log dose-reponse curves were obtained for bradykinin and histamine that followed the general trend of S - shaped curves [pt

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: VFTS. B-type stars classification and RV (Evans+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, C. J.; Kennedy, M. B.; Dufton, P. L.; Howarth, I. D.; Walborn, N. R.; Markova, N.; Clark, J. S.; de Mink, S. E.; de Koter, A.; Dunstall, P. R.; Henault-Brunet, V.; Maiz Apellaniz, J.; McEvoy, C. M.; Sana, H.; Simon-Diaz, S.; Taylor, W. D.; Vink, J. S.

    2015-03-01

    All of the VFTS data discussed here were obtained using the Medusa-Giraffe mode of the Fibre Large Array Multi-Element Spectrograph (FLAMES) instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). The Medusa fibres (which subtend 1.2" on the sky) were used to relay light from up to 130 targets simultaneously to the Giraffe spectrograph (see Pasquini et al., 2002Msngr.110....1P). Full details of the observational strategy and reduction of the data are given in Paper I (Evans et al., 2011A&A...530A.108E). In brief, the ESO Common Pipeline Library FLAMES recipes were used to undertake bias subtraction, fibre location, summed extractions of each object, division by a normalised flat-field, and wavelength calibration. Subsequent processing included correction of the spectra to the heliocentric frame, sky subtraction, and rejection of significant cosmic rays. (5 data files).

  18. Parvovirus B19-triggered acute hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia in a child with Evans syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELPIS MANTADAKIS

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human parvovirus B19 (HPV-B19 is the etiologic agent of erythema infectiosum, of transient aplastic crises in individuals with underlying chronic hemolytic disorders, and of chronic pure red cell aplasia in immunocompromised individuals. Case report. We describe a 14-year-old girl with long-standing Evans syndrome, who presented with severe anemia, reticulocytopenia and thromocytopenia. A bone marrow aspirate revealed severe erythroid hypoplasia along with presence of giant pronormoblasts, while serological studies and real-time PCR of whole blood were positive for acute parvovirus B19 infection. The patient was initially managed with corticosteroids, but both cytopenias resolved only after administration of intravenous gamma globulin 0.8g/kg. Conclusion: Acute parvovirus B19 infection should be suspected in patients with immunologic diseases, who present with reticulocytopenic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. In this setting, intravenous gamma globulin is effective for both cytopenias.

  19. On the behavior of Bronsted-Evans-Polanyi Relations for Transition Metal Oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vojvodic, Aleksandra

    2011-08-22

    Versatile Broensted-Evans-Polanyi (BEP) relations are found from density functional theory for a wide range of transition metal oxides including rutiles and perovskites. For oxides, the relation depends on the type of oxide, the active site and the dissociating molecule. The slope of the BEP relation is strongly coupled to the adsorbate geometry in the transition state. If it is final state-like the dissociative chemisorption energy can be considered as a descriptor for the dissociation. If it is initial state-like, on the other hand, the dissociative chemisorption energy is not suitable as descriptor for the dissociation. Dissociation of molecules with strong intramolecular bonds belong to the former and molecules with weak intramolecular bonds to the latter group. We show, for the prototype system La-perovskites, that there is a 'cyclic' behavior in the transition state characteristics upon change of the active transition metal of the oxide.

  20. Innervation mapping of the hind paw of the rat using Evans Blue extravasation, Optical Surface Mapping and CASAM

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kambiz, S.; Baas, M.; Duraku, L.S.; Kerver, A.L.; Koning, A.H.; Walbeehm, E.T.; Ruigrok, T.J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies investigate sensory regeneration and reinnervation of the hind paw of the rat after nerve damage, no comprehensive overview of its normal innervation is present in literature. The Evans Blue extravasation technique is a well-known technique to study patterns of

  1. A PHYSIOLOGICALLY-BASED PHARMACOKINETIC MODEL FOR TOLUENE IN THE LONG EVANS RAT: BODY COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for inhaled toluene was developed for Long-Evans rats as a component of an exposure-dose-response (EDR) model for volatile organic compounds. The PBPK model was needed to link airborne toluene exposure to its concentration in b...

  2. Public Lecture | The long road to the LHC | Prof. Lyn Evans, Dr. Daniel Treille and Prof. Peter Jenni | 9 October

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    “The long road to the LHC” by Prof. Lyn Evans, Dr. Daniel Treille and Prof. Peter Jenni. Thursday 9 October, 7.30 p.m. in the Globe of Science and Innovation. Talk in English with simultaneous interpreting into French.  Entrance free. Limited number of seats. Reservation essential: +41 22 767 76 76 or cern.reception@cern.ch   Lyn Evans. Lecture by Lyn Evans Abstract The key to the discovery of the Higgs boson has been the development of particle accelerators at CERN over the years. I will explain how a particle accelerator works and will follow the path from the construction of the Proton Synchrotron in the 1950s to the world’s most powerful colliding beam machine, the Large Hadron Collider. Biography Born in 1945, Lyn Evans has spent his whole career in the field of high energy physics and particle accelerators, participating in all the great projects of CERN. From 1993 he led the team that designed, built and commissioned the LHC. He is currently ...

  3. Ann Hutchinson (as subject), Dr. Joan Vernikos (R), Dee O'Hara (L), J. Evans and E. Lowe pose for

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Ann Hutchinson (as subject), Dr. Joan Vernikos (R), Dee O'Hara (L), J. Evans and E. Lowe pose for pictures in the NASA Magazine aritcle 'How it Feels to be a Human Test Subject' as they prepare for a bed rest study to simulate the efects of microgravity on the human body.

  4. Genre Analysis of Decision Letters from Editors of Scientific Journals: Building on Flowerdew and Dudley-Evans (2002)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farley, Peter C.

    2017-01-01

    Flowerdew and Dudley-Evans (2002) described a prototypical structure for decision letters based on a personal database of letters written by one editor for the journal "English for Specific Purposes." In this article, I analyse a publicly available corpus of 59 decision letters from 48 different editors of a wide range of scientific…

  5. O fantasma de Evans-Pritchard: diálogos da antropologia com a sua história The ghost of Evans-Pritchard: anthropology’s dialogues with its own history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Delgado Rosa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como estudo de caso a monografia de Sharon Hutchinson sobre os nuer, o presente artigo explora os quiproquós do diálogo entre a antropologia contemporânea e os clássicos, procurando detetar certas genealogias invisíveis que remontam aos funcionalistas britânicos, e nomeadamente a Evans-Pritchard. Procede a um esbatimento de certas oposições explícitas entre o presente e o passado da antropologia, revelando que as noções clássicas perpassam de forma subterrânea o discurso daqueles que dizem rejeitá-las e que muitas das preocupações atuais já tinham expressão nas etnografias modernas. É demonstrado que as abordagens estáticas - como a de Evans-Pritchard - tinham uma componente histórica e que a antropologia social britânica teve as suas respostas teóricas e metodológicas para as transformações dos contextos africanos sob domínio colonial.Through the reading of Sharon Hutchinson’s monograph on the Nuer, this article explores the misunderstandings between contemporary anthropology and the modern classics. It tries to identify invisible genealogies that go back to the British functionalists, particularly to Evans-Pritchard, and minimizes the explicit oppositions between the present and the past of anthropology. It reveals that some classical notions are detectable in non-explicit ways among those who claim to reject them and, at the same time, that contemporary concerns have their roots in modern ethnographies. The author shows that static approaches - as the one by Evans-Pritchard on the Nuer - had a historical meaning and recalls that British social anthropology had its own theoretical and methodological answers to the transformations of African contexts under colonial rule.

  6. A Case Study: Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition-Commentary on Evans & Stanovich (2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osman, Magda

    2013-05-01

    Dual-process theories of higher order cognition (DPTs) have been enjoying much success, particularly since Kahneman's 2002 Nobel prize address and recent book Thinking, Fast and Slow (2009). Historically, DPTs have attempted to provide a conceptual framework that helps classify and predict differences in patterns of behavior found under some circumstances and not others in a host of reasoning, judgment, and decision-making tasks. As evidence has changed and techniques for examining behavior have moved on, so too have DPTs. Killing two birds with one stone, Evans and Stanovich (2013, this issue) respond to five main criticisms of DPTs. Along with addressing each criticism in turn, they set out to clarify the essential defining characteristics that distinguish one form of higher order cognition from the other. The aim of this commentary is to consider the defining characteristics of Type 1 and Type 2 processing that have been proposed and to suggest that the evidence can be taken to support quantitative differences rather than qualitatively distinct processes. © The Author(s) 2013.

  7. Reframing violence against women as a human rights violation: Evan Stark's Coercive Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libal, Kathryn; Parekh, Serena

    2009-12-01

    Evan Stark claims that partner-perpetrated physical abuse and other forms of violence against women ought to be understood as a human rights violation. The authors engage Stark's rhetorically powerful political and analytical innovation by outlining one theoretical and one practical challenge to shifting the paradigm that researchers, advocates, and policy makers use to describe, explain, and remedy the harms of coercive control from misdemeanor assault to human rights violation. The theoretical challenge involves overcoming the public/ private dichotomy that underpins liberal conceptions of human rights.The practical challenge involves using the human rights framework in the United States, given public indifference to human rights rhetoric or law, reluctance of U.S. policy makers to submit to scrutiny or justice-oriented processes under international law on issues of human rights and especially war crimes, and the consequent U.S. legacy of refusal to participate meaningfully in the international human rights process. The authors conclude that employing a human rights framework holds potential in the United States, but the paradigm shift Stark advocates will not materialize without widespread mobilization of interest in and understanding of human rights among domestic violence advocates and the society in general.

  8. Tempol protects sleep-deprivation induced behavioral deficits in aggressive male Long-Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solanki, Naimesh; Atrooz, Fatin; Asghar, Saman; Salim, Samina

    2016-01-26

    Earlier, we reported that elevated anxiety-like behavior and high aggression in aged retired breeder Long-Evans (L-E) rats was associated with increased plasma corticosterone and elevated oxidative stress levels. In the present study, we examined how this aged aggressive and anxious rat strain responds to acute sleep deprivation (24h) and whether their behaviors can be modulated via antioxidant tempol treatment. Four groups of L-E rats were utilized: naïve control (NC), tempol treated control (T+NC), sleep deprived (SD), tempol treated and sleep deprived (T+SD). Thus, two groups were treated with tempol (1mM in drinking water for 2 weeks) while the other two were not. Two groups were subjected to acute sleep deprivation (24h) using the columns-in-water model while the other two were not. Sleep deprivation induced anxiety-like behavior, led to significant depression-like behavior and short-term memory impairment in SD rats. And, decision-making behavior also was compromised in SD rats. These behavioral and cognitive impairments were prevented with tempol treatment in T+SD rats. Tempol treatment also reduced SD-induced increase in corticosterone and oxidative stress levels in T+SD rats. These results suggest potential involvement of oxidative stress mechanisms in regulation of sleep deprivation induced behavioral and cognitive deficits in male aged-aggressive rats. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. A possible mechanism of resistance to cadmium toxicity in male Long-Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takamure, Yasutaka; Shimada, Hideaki; Kiyozumi, Morio; Yasutake, Akira; Imamura, Yorishige

    2006-05-01

    The susceptibility to cadmium (Cd)-induced toxicity in male Long-Evans (LE) rats was compared with that in male Fischer 344 (Fischer) and Wistar-Imamichi (WI) rats, which are sensitive and resistant, respectively, to Cd toxicity. All rats of the LE and WI strains survived for 7 days after the treatment with a toxic dose of Cd (6.5mg/kg b.w.). However, all rats of the Fischer strain died by the following day. The strong resistance to Cd toxicity in the LE strain was confirmed to be independent of metallothionein synthesis induced by Cd. The hepatic and renal Cd contents after its administration were significantly lower in the LE strain than in the Fischer strain. Furthermore, the hepatic and renal zinc (Zn) contents after its administration were significantly lower in the LE strain than in the Fischer strain. These limited data suggest that the strong resistance to Cd toxicity in male LE rats results from, at least in part, the lower accumulation of the metal in the liver and kidney, in a similar mechanism as the lower Zn accumulation.

  10. Neonatal familial Evans syndrome associated with joint hypermobility and mitral valve regurgitation in three siblings in a Saudi Arab family

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, Fathelrahman E.; AlBakrah, Mohameed S.

    2009-01-01

    The occurrence of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia in the absence of a known underlying cause led to the diagnosis of Evans syndrome in a 9 month old male. Subsequently, a similar diagnosis was made in two siblings (a 3 year old boy and a 1 day old girl). The 9 month old had a chronic course with exacerbations. He was treated with steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and colchiccine with a variable response. He died of congestive heart failure at the age of 8 years. The brother's disease course was one of remission and exacerbation. With time, remissions were prolonged and paralleled an improvement in joint hypermobility. The sister died of sepsis after a chronic course with severe exacerbattions. Only two families with Evans syndrome have been reported in the English medical literature. In one report (in a Saudi Arab family), the disease was associated with hereditary spastic paraplegia. (author)

  11. The Effects of Nicotine on Antinociception in Male and Female Sprague-Dawley and Long-Evans Rats With and Without Stress

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Apatov, Nathaniel

    1998-01-01

    ... has not been studied previously. The present experiment examined the effects of nicotine administration on two measures of nociception in 120 Sprague-Dawley and 120 Long-Evans male and female adult rats...

  12. Ethanol seeking by Long Evans rats is not always a goal-directed behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina A Mangieri

    Full Text Available Two parallel and interacting processes are said to underlie animal behavior, whereby learning and performance of a behavior is at first via conscious and deliberate (goal-directed processes, but after initial acquisition, the behavior can become automatic and stimulus-elicited (habitual. With respect to instrumental behaviors, animal learning studies suggest that the duration of training and the action-outcome contingency are two factors involved in the emergence of habitual seeking of "natural" reinforcers (e.g., sweet solutions, food or sucrose pellets. To rigorously test whether behaviors reinforced by abused substances such as ethanol, in particular, similarly become habitual was the primary aim of this study.Male Long Evans rats underwent extended or limited operant lever press training with 10% sucrose/10% ethanol (10S10E reinforcement (variable interval (VI or (VR ratio schedule of reinforcement, or with 10% sucrose (10S reinforcement (VI schedule only. Once training and pretesting were complete, the impact of outcome devaluation on operant behavior was evaluated after lithium chloride injections were paired with the reinforcer, or unpaired 24 hours later. After limited, but not extended instrumental training, lever pressing by groups trained under VR with 10S10E and under VI with 10S was sensitive to outcome devaluation. In contrast, responding by both the extended and limited training 10S10E VI groups was not sensitive to ethanol devaluation during the test for habitual behavior.Operant behavior by rats trained to self-administer an ethanol-sucrose solution showed variable sensitivity to a change in the value of ethanol, with relative insensitivity developing sooner in animals that received time-variable ethanol reinforcement during training sessions. One important implication, with respect to substance abuse in humans, is that initial learning about the relationship between instrumental actions and the opportunity to consume ethanol

  13. Metallothionein and antioxidant enzymes in Long-Evans Cinnamon rats treated with zinc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Medici, Valentina; Sturniolo, Giacomo Carlo; D' Inca, Renata [Department of Surgical and Gastroenterological Sciences, University of Padua, Padua (Italy); Santon, Alessandro; Giannetto, Sabrina; Albergoni, Vincenzo; Irato, Paola [Department of Biology, University of Padua, via U. Bassi 58/B, 35131 Padua (Italy)

    2002-09-01

    The Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat is a mutant animal model for Wilson's disease. It is known that an abnormal accumulation of Cu and Fe in the liver and low concentrations of both ceruloplasmin and Cu in the serum occur in these rats. The accumulation of Cu is explained by the defective expression of the Cu-transporting P-type ATPase gene, homologous to the gene for Wilson's disease (ATP7B). The aim of this work was to clarify the action mechanism of Zn, and to verify the role that this metal plays in LEC rats in short-term treatment experiments (1 and 2 weeks) on concentrations of Cu, Zn, Fe, metallothionein (MT), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (oh{sup 8}dG) and on the activity of antioxidant enzymes. It is well known that Zn induces MT and has the ability to prevent redox-active metals, Cu and Fe, binding to and causing oxidative damage at active sites of Zn metalloenzymes and nonspecific binding sites on proteins. Zn administration reduces Cu and Fe transport from mucosal to serosal intestinal sides through competitive mechanisms. Our findings show that treatment with zinc acetate increases tissue Zn and MT contents and decreases Cu and Fe concentrations in the liver and kidneys, even if hepatic Zn and MT concentrations decrease with treatment period. Induction of MT synthesis by Zn contributes to the reduction in free radicals produced by Cu and Fe. We also observed that the superoxide dismutase (SOD)activity in liver decreases with treatment duration in association with the Cu and Fe liver decrease. However, the SOD activity in kidney increases in untreated rats at 2 weeks relative to those untreated for 1 week. (orig.)

  14. [Modified Evans osteotomy for the operative treatment of acquired pes planovalgus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwipp, Hans; Rammelt, Stefan

    2006-06-01

    Restoration of the longitudinal arch of the foot and reorientation of the hindfoot for painful decompensating flatfoot (pes planovalgus) due to posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. Passively correctable, painful pes planovalgus of various etiologies such as stage II flatfoot as graded by Johnson & Strom mostly due to degeneration of the posterior tibial tendon in stage II-III as described by Jahss. Fixed pes planovalgus, osteoporosis of the calcaneus, advanced degenerative arthritis of the subtalar, talonavicular or calcaneocuboid joints. Transverse osteotomy of the anterior process of the calcaneus approximately 1.5 cm proximal of and parallel to the calcaneocuboid joint. Lengthening of the lateral column using the sandwich technique by the interposition of one to two autologous, tricortical bone grafts, which are structured to straighten the hindfoot and to move it toward neutral position. If the technique is performed correctly, the talus and the calcaneus are in alignment. When the talar head is externally rotated and the calcaneus is moved toward varus, this results in axial alignment of the abducted forefoot and straightening of the collapsed longitudinal arch of the foot. Between June 1995 and March 2003, 21 patients with stage II painful pes planovalgus as described by Johnson & Strom underwent a modified Evans osteotomy. In one case an arthrodesis of the first tarsometatarsal joint was carried out, and in four cases a lengthening of the gastrocnemius muscle according to Strayer. A replacement of the insufficient posterior tibial tendon was not necessary in any of the cases. With respect to complications one wound edge necrosis and one nonunion were seen. 15 patients (eleven women, four men, average age 54 years) were followed up for an average of 48 months (12-81 months) postoperatively. The Maryland Foot Score improved significantly from 49.6 points preoperatively to 87.8 points postoperatively (p radiographs were corrected to being close to the

  15. Perturbations to the lower ionosphere by tropical cyclone Evan in the South Pacific Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sushil; NaitAmor, Samir; Chanrion, Olivier; Neubert, Torsten

    2017-08-01

    Very low frequency (VLF) electromagnetic signals from navigational transmitters propagate worldwide in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide formed by the Earth and the electrically conducting lower ionosphere. Changes in the signal properties are signatures of variations in the conductivity of the reflecting boundary of the lower ionosphere which is located in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, and their analysis is, therefore, a way to study processes in these remote regions. Here we present a study on amplitude perturbations of local origin on the VLF transmitter signals (NPM, NLK, NAA, and JJI) observed during tropical cyclone (TC) Evan, 9-16 December 2012 when TC was in the proximity of the transmitter-receiver links. We observed a maximum amplitude perturbation of 5.7 dB on JJI transmitter during 16 December event. From Long Wave Propagation Capability model applied to three selected events we estimate a maximum decrease in the nighttime D region reference height (H') by 5.2 km (13 December, NPM) and maximum increase in the daytime D region H' by 6.1 km and 7.5 km (14 and 16 December, JJI). The results suggest that the TC caused the neutral densities of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere to lift and sink (bringing the lower ionosphere with it), an effect that may be mediated by gravity waves generated by the TC. The perturbations were observed before the storm was classified as a TC, at a time when it was a tropical depression, suggesting the broader conclusion that severe convective storms, in general, perturb the mesosphere and the stratosphere through which the perturbations propagate.

  16. Vitamin B12 and ketorolac on pain in Long Evans rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mizanur Rahman

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Effects of vitamin B12 on pain have been demonstrated in different animal and humanstudies. But comparison of these effects with similar effects of ketorolac tromethamine (KT and theircombination have not been established. Objective: To assess the effects of vitamin B12 on pain andalso to compare them with those of the combinations of vitamin B12 with KT in rat models. Methods:This experimental study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh MujibMedical University (BSMMU, Dhaka, from March 2015 to February 2016. For this, 20 (twentyLong Evans rats (215±35 gm of both sexes were divided into control (A, with 5 ml/kg normal salineand experimental (B1, with 15 mg/kg B12; B2, with 10 mg/kg KT; B3, with B12+KT groups with 5rats in each group. All the drugs and vitamin were administered intraperitoneally in a single dose justone hour before formalin test. To evaluate the treatments’ effect on nociceptive pain, early phase (1st-5th minutes; on central analgesic system, interphase (6th-15th minutes; and on inflammatory pain,late phase (16th-60th minutes of the formalin test, were observed. In all phases, total frequency ofjerking and total duration of flexing and licking of the right hind paw were counted after administrationof subcutaneous formalin (50 μl, 2.5% injection. Statistical analysis was done by ANOVA, followedby Bonferroni post hoc test. In the interpretation of results, p≤0.05 was considered as significant.Results: B12 lowered only the jerking frequency and KT lowered both jerking frequency and flexinglicking duration significantly (p≤0.001 in the late phase of formalin test. On the other hand, combinationof B12 and KT significantly (p≤0.001 lowered both the study variables in all 3 phases of formalintest. Conclusion: From this study it may be concluded that, vitamin B12 possess analgesic effects andcombination of B12 with KT is more effective than those of their individual administration.

  17. Chronic social instability increases anxiety-like behavior and ethanol preference in male Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roeckner, Alyssa R; Bowling, Alexandra; Butler, Tracy R

    2017-05-01

    Chronic stress during adolescence is related to increased prevalence of anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorders in humans. This phenotype has been consistently recapitulated in animal models with male subjects, but models using female subjects are fewer. The aim of these studies was to test the hypothesis that chronic social instability (CSI) during adolescence engenders increased anxiety-like behavior, increased corticosterone, and greater ethanol intake and/or preference than control groups in male and female rats. A chronic social instability (CSI) procedure was conducted in separate cohorts of female and male adolescent Long Evans rats. CSI included daily social isolation for 1h, and then pair housing with a novel cage mate for 23h until the next 1h isolation period from PND 30-46. Control groups included social stability (SS), chronic isolation (ISO), and acute social instability (aSI). At PND 49-50, anxiety-like behavior was assessed on the elevated plus maze, and on PND 51 tails bloods were obtained for determination of corticosterone (CORT) levels. This was followed by 4weeks of ethanol drinking in a home cage intermittent access ethanol drinking paradigm (PND 55-81 for males, PND 57-83 for females). Planned contrast testing showed that the male CSI group had greater anxiety-like behavior compared controls, but group differences were not apparent for CORT. CSI males had significantly higher levels of ethanol preference during drinking weeks 2-3 compared to all other groups and compared to SS and ISO groups in week 4. For the female cohort, we did not observe consistent group differences in anxiety-like behavior, CORT levels were unexpectedly lower in the ISO group only compared to the other groups, and group differences were not apparent for ethanol intake/preference. In conclusion, chronic stress during adolescence in the form of social instability increases anxiety-like behavior and ethanol preference in male rats, consistent with other models of

  18. Dietary isoflavones alter regulatory behaviors, metabolic hormones and neuroendocrine function in Long-Evans male rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bu Lihong

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Phytoestrogens derived from soy foods (or isoflavones have received prevalent usage due to their 'health benefits' of decreasing: a age-related diseases, b hormone-dependent cancers and c postmenopausal symptoms. However, little is known about the influence of dietary phytoestrogens on regulatory behaviors, such as food and water intake, metabolic hormones and neuroendocrine parameters. This study examined important hormonal and metabolic health issues by testing the hypotheses that dietary soy-derived isoflavones influence: 1 body weight and adipose deposition, 2 food and water intake, 3 metabolic hormones (i.e., leptin, insulin, T3 and glucose levels, 4 brain neuropeptide Y (NPY levels, 5 heat production [in brown adipose tissue (BAT quantifying uncoupling protein (UCP-1 mRNA levels] and 6 core body temperature. Methods This was accomplished by conducting longitudinal studies where male Long-Evans rats were exposed (from conception to time of testing or tissue collection to a diet rich in isoflavones (at 600 micrograms/gram of diet or 600 ppm vs. a diet low in isoflavones (at approximately 10–15 micrograms/gram of diet or 10–15 ppm. Body, white adipose tissue and food intake were measured in grams and water intake in milliliters. The hormones (leptin, insulin, T3, glucose and NPY were quantified by radioimmunoassays (RIA. BAT UCP-1 mRNA levels were quantified by PCR and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis while core body temperatures were recorded by radio telemetry. The data were tested by analysis of variance (ANOVA (or where appropriate by repeated measures. Results Body and adipose tissue weights were decreased in Phyto-600 vs. Phyto-free fed rats. Food and water intake was greater in Phyto-600 animals, that displayed higher hypothalamic (NPY concentrations, but lower plasma leptin and insulin levels, vs. Phyto-free fed males. Higher thyroid levels (and a tendency for higher glucose levels and increased uncoupling

  19. Modeling Ethanol Decomposition on Transition Metals: A Combined Application of Scaling and Bronsted-Evans-Polanyi Relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferrin, P.; Simonetti, D.; Kandoi, S.

    2009-01-01

    calculations necessary to describe trends in activity and selectivity across metal and alloy surfaces, thus extending the reach of DFT to more complex systems. In-this work, the well-known family of Bronsted-Evans-Polanyi (BEP) correlations, connecting minima with maxima in the potential energy surface...... on a subset of these surfaces are calculated. Experiments on supported catalysts verify that this simple model is reasonably accurate in describing reactivity trends across metals, suggesting that the combination of BEP and scaling relations may substantially reduce the cost of DFT calculations required...

  20. Evans syndrome and antibody deficiency: an atypical presentation of chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Colarusso

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of an 8-year-old male patient with Evans syndrome and severe hypogammaglobulinemia, subsequently in whom the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS was diagnosed. No other clinical sign of 22q11.2 DS was present with the exception of slight facial dysmorphism. The case is of particular interest because it suggests the need to research chromosome 22q11.2 deletion in patients who present with autoimmune cytopenia and peculiar facial abnormalities, which could be an atypical presentation of an incomplete form of 22q11.2 DS.

  1. We favor formal models of heuristics rather than lists of loose dichotomies: a reply to Evans and Over

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gigerenzer, Gerd

    2009-01-01

    In their comment on Marewski et al. (good judgments do not require complex cognition, 2009) Evans and Over (heuristic thinking and human intelligence: a commentary on Marewski, Gaissmaier and Gigerenzer, 2009) conjectured that heuristics can often lead to biases and are not error free. This is a most surprising critique. The computational models of heuristics we have tested allow for quantitative predictions of how many errors a given heuristic will make, and we and others have measured the amount of error by analysis, computer simulation, and experiment. This is clear progress over simply giving heuristics labels, such as availability, that do not allow for quantitative comparisons of errors. Evans and Over argue that the reason people rely on heuristics is the accuracy-effort trade-off. However, the comparison between heuristics and more effortful strategies, such as multiple regression, has shown that there are many situations in which a heuristic is more accurate with less effort. Finally, we do not see how the fast and frugal heuristics program could benefit from a dual-process framework unless the dual-process framework is made more precise. Instead, the dual-process framework could benefit if its two “black boxes” (Type 1 and Type 2 processes) were substituted by computational models of both heuristics and other processes. PMID:19784854

  2. Mozart K.448 attenuates spontaneous absence seizure and related high-voltage rhythmic spike discharges in Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lung-Chang; Juan, Chun-Ting; Chang, Hsueh-Wen; Chiang, Ching-Tai; Wei, Ruey-Chang; Lee, Mei-Wen; Mok, Hin-Kiu; Yang, Rei-Cheng

    2013-05-01

    Recent research has revealed more evidence supporting the positive effects of music on humans and animals. However, evidence of music's effects on improving epilepsy in animals is sparse. This study aimed to clarify the influence of Mozart's music in Long Evans rats, which are characterized by spontaneous absence epilepsy (SAE) and high-voltage rhythmic spike (HVRS) discharges. Continuous electroencephalograms comprised of HVRS discharges, and behavioral performance were recorded in Long Evans rats (n=5) before, during, and after exposure to the Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major, K.448 (Mozart K.448). The same evaluation was repeated after they had been subjected to daily exposure of the music for 20 days. Seizure frequencies and spontaneous HVRS discharges were reduced in all of the SAE rats during and after music exposure compared with the pre-music stage. The average seizure frequencies were 79.8±24.6, 48±15.2, and 33±12.1/h before, during, and after music exposure, respectively. The average run of spike episodes were 84.6±18.4, 52±17.8, and 36.8±16.9/h before, during, and after music exposure, respectively. The seizure frequencies and related run of spike episodes decreased by 39.8% and 38.5% during, and 58.6% and 56.6% post music exposure, respectively. The average run of spike durations and spike numbers also showed significant decreases (reduction by 47.1%, 47.8% during music and 60.8%, 61.3% post music). After daily music exposure for 20 days, the number of HVRS discharges and seizure frequencies during and after music exposure, however, showed no further accumulative reduction or adaptation effect. These results suggest that Mozart K.448 had a positive short-term effect in attenuating the spontaneous HVRS discharges in Long Evans rats. However, the mechanism needs further investigation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Dermatomiositis y síndrome de evans asociado a infección por HTLV-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Loja-Oropeza

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Paciente mujer de 55 años de edad, natural de Ayacucho, con antecedente de dermatomiositis desde hace 3 años, recibió tratamiento irregular con prednisona. Dos meses antes del ingreso presenta anemia hemolítica autoinmune y púrpura trombocitopénica idiopática, recibió pulsos de metilprednisolona y transfusión de paquetes globulares. Al ingreso, soporosa, mal estado general, marcada pérdida ponderal, deshidratada, livedo reticularis en miembros inferiores, onicodistrofia y onicolisis múltiple en los dedos de ambos pies. Western Blot positivo para HTLV-1. Evoluciona con hipoglicemia recurrente. Reportamos un caso de dermatomiositis y síndrome de Evans presentados en el contexto de una infección por virus linfotrópico humano tipo 1.

  4. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in the setting of multicentric angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia (Castleman's disease) complicated by Evan's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gakiopoulou, Hariklia; Korkolopoulou, Penelope; Paraskevakou, Helen; Marinaki, Smaragdi; Voulgarelis, Michael; Stofas, Anastasios; Lelouda, Maria; Lazaris, Andreas C; Boletis, John; Patsouris, Efstratios

    2010-06-01

    Systemic Castleman's disease is a lymphoproliferative disorder with various clinical presentations and incompletely understood aetiology. The authors report on a rare case of the plasma cell variant of Castleman's disease associated with autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and autoimmune thrombocytopenia (Evan's syndrome) and complicated by mixed nephrotic-nephritic syndrome and acute renal failure due to an underlying glomerulopathy with microscopic and immunofluorescence findings suggestive of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) type I. Immunocomplexed glomerulonephritis is rare in Castleman's disease, while, to the best of our knowledge, constellation of all these autoimmune phenomena is reported for the first time suggesting that apart from the putative role of VEGF and IL-6 in the pathogenesis of the disease, a more generalised immunological disturbance occurs, probably through autoantibodies induced by active polyclonal B cells raised from Castleman's disease tumour.

  5. Evans blue dye-enhanced imaging of the brain microvessels using spectral focusing coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo-Ram Lee

    Full Text Available We performed dye-enhanced imaging of mouse brain microvessels using spectral focusing coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (SF-CARS microscopy. The resonant signals from C-H stretching in forward CARS usually show high background intensity in tissues, which makes CARS imaging of microvessels difficult. In this study, epi-detection of back-scattered SF-CARS signals showed a negligible background, but the overall intensity of resonant CARS signals was too low to observe the network of brain microvessels. Therefore, Evans blue (EB dye was used as contrasting agent to enhance the back-scattered SF-CARS signals. Breakdown of brain microvessels by inducing hemorrhage in a mouse was clearly visualized using backward SF-CARS signals, following intravenous injection of EB. The improved visualization of brain microvessels with EB enhanced the sensitivity of SF-CARS, detecting not only the blood vessels themselves but their integrity as well in the brain vasculature.

  6. UDP-induced relaxation is enhanced in aorta from female obese Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Shota; Matsumoto, Takayuki; Ando, Makoto; Iguchi, Maika; Watanabe, Shun; Taguchi, Kumiko; Kobayashi, Tsuneo

    2018-03-01

    Uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP) plays an important role in controlling vascular tone; however, UDP-mediated response in metabolic syndromes, including obesity and type 2 diabetes in females, remains unclear. In this study, we investigated UDP-mediated response in the aorta of female obese Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats and control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats. In OLETF rat aortas precontracted by phenylephrine (PE) (vs. LETO), (1) UDP-induced relaxation was increased, whereas acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxation was decreased; (2) no UDP- or ACh-induced relaxations were observed in endothelial denudation, whereas UDP-induced small contraction was observed; and (3) N G -nitro-L-arginine [L-NNA, a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor] eliminated UDP-induced relaxation and small contraction, whereas caused contrasting responses by ACh, including slight relaxations (LETO) and contractions (OLETF). Indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, eliminated the difference in UDP- and ACh-induced relaxations between the groups by increased UDP-induced relaxation in the LETO group and increased ACh-induced relaxation in the OLETF group. MRS2578, a P2Y 6 receptor antagonist, eliminated the difference in UDP-induced relaxations between the groups by decreasing UDP-induced relaxation in the OLETF group. MRS2578 had no effect on UDP-induced contraction in endothelium-denuded aortas. Therefore, these findings demonstrate opposite trends of relaxations by UDP and ACh in OLETF and LETO rat aortas. These differences may be attributed to the imbalance between NO and vasoconstrictor prostanoids upon stimulations. Increased UDP-induced relaxation in OLETF rat aorta may be caused by the activation of endothelial MRS2578-sensitive P2Y 6 receptor.

  7. Impulsive choice predicts anxiety-like behavior, but not alcohol or sucrose consumption, in male Long-Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Jeffrey S; Renda, C Renee; Barker, Shayne M; Liston, Kennan J; Shahan, Timothy A; Madden, Gregory J

    2015-05-01

    Prior human research indicates robust, positive relations between impulsive choice (i.e., preference for smaller, immediate over larger, delayed rewards) and alcohol use disorders. However, varied findings in the nonhuman literature reveal a relatively ambiguous relation between impulsive choice and alcohol consumption in rodents. In addition, few rodent studies have investigated potential relations between impulsive choice and common covariates of alcohol consumption (e.g., avidity for sweet substances or anxiety-like behavior). Ninety-two male Long-Evans rats completed an impulsive-choice task. From this larger sample, extreme high- and low-impulsive groups (n = 30 each) were retained for further testing. In separate tests, subsequent open-field behavior and consumption of oral alcohol (12% w/v) and isocaloric sucrose were examined. Impulsive choice was then retested to examine whether behavior remained stable over the course of the experiment. No significant relations emerged between impulsive choice and either alcohol or sucrose consumption. However, impulsive choice predicted greater anxiety-like behavior (avoidance of the center field, defecation) in the open-field test. In turn, greater anxiety predicted lower alcohol and sucrose consumption. Finally, choice remained generally stable across the experiment, although high-impulsive rats tended toward less impulsive choice in the retest. Although impulsive choice and alcohol consumption appear to share some variance with anxiety-like behavior, the present data offer no support for a relation between impulsive choice and alcohol consumption in Long-Evans rats. Together with mixed rodent data from prior reports, these findings attenuate cross-species comparisons to human relations between impulsive choice and alcohol use disorders. Copyright © 2015 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

  8. The influence of maternal high fat diet on ozone-induced lung injury and inflammation in Long Evans male and female rat offspring

    Science.gov (United States)

    There is a growing interest in understanding how maternal diet can increase the sensitivity of offspring to environmental exposures. In this study, we examined the influence of high fat diet (HFD) during puberty, pregnancy and lactation in Long Evans rats on the susceptibility of...

  9. Konflikte otsides edu ei saavuta / Jacek Protasiewicz, Tadeusz Zwiefka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Protasiewicz, Jacek

    2008-01-01

    Poola Euroopa Parlamendi saadikute hinnangul põhjustasid Poola 2007. aasta parlamendivalimiste kõrge valimisaktiivsuse üldine vastuseis pidevatele konfliktidele nii valitsuses kui opositsioonis, negatiivne suhtumine radikaalse koalitsiooni poolt teostatavasse rahvusvahelisse poliitikasse ning strateegia puudumine, millega saaks valitsus takistada noorte poolakate suurt töörännet Ühendkuningriiki ja Iirimaale

  10. Anti-obesity effects of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima fatty rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonggu Lee

    Full Text Available Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF has molecular structures and intracellular signaling pathways that are similar to those of leptin and ciliary neurotropic factor (CNTF. It also has immune-modulatory properties. Given that leptin and CNTF play important roles in energy homeostasis and that obesity is an inflammatory condition in adipose tissue, we hypothesized that G-CSF could also play a role in energy homeostasis. We treated 12 38-week-old male Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima fatty rats (OLETF, diabetic and 12 age-matched male Long-Evans-Tokushima rats (LETO, healthy with 200 µg/day G-CSF or saline for 5 consecutive days. Body weight reduction was greater in G-CSF-treated OLETF (G-CSF/OLETF than saline-treated OLETF (saline/OLETF following 8 weeks of treatment (-6.9±1.6% vs. -3.1±2.2%, p<0.05. G-CSF treatment had no effect on body weight in LETO or on food intake in either OLETF or LETO. Body fat in G-CSF/OLETF was more reduced than in saline/OLETF (-32.2±3.1% vs. -20.8±6.2%, p<0.05. Energy expenditure was higher in G-CSF/OLETF from 4 weeks after the treatments than in saline/OLETF. Serum levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α were lower in G-CSF/OLETF than in saline/OLETF. Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1 expression in brown adipose tissue (BAT was higher in G-CSF/OLETF than in saline/OLETF, but was unaffected in LETO. Immunofluorescence staining and PCR results revealed that G-CSF receptors were expressed in BAT. In vitro experiments using brown adipocyte primary culture revealed that G-CSF enhanced UCP-1 expression from mature brown adipocytes via p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. In conclusion, G-CSF treatment reduced body weight and increased energy expenditure in a diabetic model, and enhanced UCP-1 expression and decreased inflammatory cytokine levels may be associated with the effects of G-CSF treatment.

  11. Hyperthermia of magnetic nanoparticles allows passage of sodium fluorescein and Evans blue dye across the blood-retinal barrier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabatabaei, Seyed Nasrollah; Tabatabaei, Maryam Sadat; Girouard, Hélène; Martel, Sylvain

    2016-09-01

    The blood-retina barrier (BRB) is a biological barrier consisting of tightly interconnected endothelial cells inside the retinal vascular network that protects the neural tissue from harmful pathogens and neurotoxic molecules circulating in the bloodstream. Unfortunately, with regard to retinoblastoma, this barrier also prevents systemically administered therapeutics reaching the retinal tissue. In this study we introduce a novel technique to locally and transiently increase BRB permeability for drug delivery using hyperthermia of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). An alternating current (AC) magnetic field was used to induce hyperthermia of locally injected MNPs in the left ophthalmic artery of a rat model. To improve adherence on the surface of the endothelium, commercially available MNPs coated with human transferrin glycoproteins were used. After hyperthermia we assessed the extravasation of systemically injected sodium fluorescein (NaF) as well as Evans blue dye (EBD) into the retinal tissue. Spectrofluorometry and fluorescent microscopy image analysis show a significant increase of dye penetration in the retina where hyperthermia of MNPs was applied. Our proposed new technique can allow both small and large dye molecules to cross the BRB. While the results are preliminary and thorough evaluation of the retinal tissue following hyperthermia is necessary, this technique has the potential to be an effective mean for the treatment of various diseases such as retinoblastoma.

  12. Fatal pulmonary embolism following splenectomy in a patient with Evan's syndrome: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monga, Varun; Maliske, Seth M; Perepu, Usha

    2017-01-01

    Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare disease characterized by simultaneous or sequential development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) with or without immune neutropenia. Splenectomy is one of the treatment options for disease refractory to medical therapy. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) following splenectomy for hematological diseases has an incidence of 10%. Here we describe a case report of a young patient hospitalized with severe hemolytic anemia with Hgb 4.8 g/dl. He developed thrombocytopenia with platelet nadir of 52,000/mm 3 , thus formally diagnosed with ES. He failed standard medical therapy. He underwent splenectomy and had a fatal outcome. Autopsy confirmed the cause of death as pulmonary embolism (PE). This case report and review of the literature highlight important aspects of the association between VTE, splenectomy, and hemolytic syndromes including the presence of thrombocytopenia. The burden of the disease is reviewed as well as various pathophysiologic mechanisms contributing to thromboembolic events in these patients and current perioperative prophylactic anticoagulation strategies. Despite an advancing body of literature increasing awareness of VTE following splenectomy, morbidity and mortality remains high. Identifying high risk individuals for thromboembolic complications from splenectomy remains a challenge. There are no consensus guidelines for proper perioperative and post-operative anti-coagulation. We encourage future research to determine which factors might be playing a role in increasing the risk for VTE in real time with hope of forming a consensus to guide management.

  13. Book Review: Evans, Arthur V. 2014. Beetles of Eastern North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A. 560 pp. ISBN 978-0-691-13304-1 (paperback). Price: US $35.00

    Science.gov (United States)

    A book review is presented for “Beetles of Eastern North America” by Arthur V. Evans. This 560 page book was published in 2014 and treats over 1,400 species of beetles distributed in eastern North America....

  14. Stress facilitates late reversal learning using a touchscreen-based visual discrimination procedure in male Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryce, Courtney A; Howland, John G

    2015-02-01

    The stress response is essential to the survival of all species as it maintains internal equilibrium and allows organisms to respond to threats in the environment. Most stress research has focused on the detrimental impacts of stress on cognition and behavior. Reversal learning, which requires a change in response strategy based on one dimension of the stimuli, is one type of behavioral flexibility that is facilitated following some brief stress procedures. The current study investigated a potential mechanism underlying this facilitation by blocking glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) during stress. Thirty-seven male Long Evans rats learned to discriminate between two images on a touchscreen, one of which was rewarded. Once a criterion was reached, rats received stress (30 min of restraint stress or no stress) and drug (GR antagonist RU38486 or vehicle) administration prior to each of the first 3 days of reversal learning. We expected that stress would facilitate reversal learning and RU38486 (10 mg/kg) would prevent this facilitation in both early (50% correct in one session) stages of reversal learning. Results showed that stressed rats performed better than unstressed rats (fewer days for late reversal, fewer correction trials, and fewer errors) in the late but not early stage of reversal learning. RU38486 did not block the facilitation of RL by stress, although it dramatically increased response, but not reward, latencies. These results confirm the facilitation of late reversal by stress in a touchscreen-based operant task in rats and further our understanding of how stress affects higher level cognitive functioning and behavior. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Chronic ethanol exposure increases voluntary home cage intake in adult male, but not female, Long-Evans rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Melissa; McGinnis, Molly M.; McCool, Brian A.

    2016-01-01

    The current experiment examined the effects of 10 days of chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) exposure on anxiety-like behavior and home cage ethanol intake using a 20% intermittent access (M, W, F) paradigm in male and female Long-Evans rats. Withdrawal from alcohol dependence contributes to relapse in humans and increases in anxiety-like behavior and voluntary ethanol consumption in preclinical models. Our laboratory has shown that 10 days of CIE exposure produces both behavioral and neurophysiological alterations associated with withdrawal in male rats; however, we have yet to examine the effects of this exposure regime on ethanol intake in females. During baseline, females consumed more ethanol than males but, unlike males, did not show escalations in intake. Rats were then exposed to CIE and were again given intermittent access to 20% ethanol. CIE males increased their intake compared to baseline, whereas air-exposed males did not. Ethanol intake in females was unaffected by CIE exposure. Notably, both sexes expressed significantly elevated withdrawal-associated anxiety-like behavior in the plus maze. Finally, rats were injected with the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, SR141716A (0, 1, 3, 10 mg/kg, i.p.) which reduced ethanol intake in both sexes. However, females appear to be more sensitive to lower doses of this CB1 receptor antagonist. Our results show that females consume more ethanol than males; however, they did not escalate their intake using the intermittent access paradigm. Unlike males, CIE exposure had no effect on drinking in females. It is possible that females may be less sensitive than males to ethanol-induced increases in drinking after a short CIE exposure. Lastly, our results demonstrate that males and females may have different pharmacological sensitivities to CB1 receptor blockade on ethanol intake, at least under the current conditions. PMID:26515190

  16. Sex differences in alcohol self-administration and relapse-like behavior in Long-Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Patrick A; Stewart, Robert T; Besheer, Joyce

    2017-05-01

    Alcohol use disorders are a costly public health dilemma. Complicating this issue is the general lack of basic research assessing sex differences in many aspects of alcohol seeking and taking behaviors. The current experiments sought to decrease this gap in our understanding of sex differences in alcohol use disorders by assessing both male and female Long-Evans rats in parallel on alcohol self-administration, relapse-like behavior following abstinence and extinction, and motivation to respond for the standard alcohol solution and a quinine-adulterated alcohol solution. Here, we show that while males tend to have greater alcohol-reinforced responses throughout self-administration training, females show similar or greater alcohol intake (g/kg). Additionally, when tested for reinstatement of alcohol seeking and self-administration, following abstinence or extinction, males consistently showed greater reinstatement responding than females, which may be related to their training history. However, when assessed using the progressive ratio, there were no sex differences in motivation to respond for alcohol. Further, the consistent patterns of responding across months of self-administration training in both males and females, lend support for the feasibility of conducting these studies in male and female rats in parallel without concerns about daily variability. Our data also suggest that males and females should not be pooled as differences in alcohol lever responses and differences in reinstatement, as observed in the current experiments, could affect the overall outcome and possibly confound data interpretation. These studies demonstrate the importance of assessing males and females in parallel and advance the body of preclinical research on sex differences in alcohol self-administration and relapse. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Behavioral Phenotyping of Juvenile Long-Evans and Sprague-Dawley Rats: Implications for Preclinical Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine M Ku

    Full Text Available The laboratory rat is emerging as an attractive preclinical animal model of autism spectrum disorder (ASD, allowing investigators to explore genetic, environmental and pharmacological manipulations in a species exhibiting complex, reciprocal social behavior. The present study was carried out to compare two commonly used strains of laboratory rats, Sprague-Dawley (SD and Long-Evans (LE, between the ages of postnatal day (PND 26-56 using high-throughput behavioral phenotyping tools commonly used in mouse models of ASD that we have adapted for use in rats. We detected few differences between young SD and LE strains on standard assays of exploration, sensorimotor gating, anxiety, repetitive behaviors, and learning. Both SD and LE strains also demonstrated sociability in the 3-chamber social approach test as indexed by spending more time in the social chamber with a constrained age/strain/sex matched novel partner than in an identical chamber without a partner. Pronounced differences between the two strains were, however, detected when the rats were allowed to freely interact with a novel partner in the social dyad paradigm. The SD rats in this particular testing paradigm engaged in play more frequently and for longer durations than the LE rats at both juvenile and young adult developmental time points. Results from this study that are particularly relevant for developing preclinical ASD models in rats are threefold: (i commonly utilized strains exhibit unique patterns of social interactions, including strain-specific play behaviors, (ii the testing environment may profoundly influence the expression of strain-specific social behavior and (iii simple, automated measures of sociability may not capture the complexities of rat social interactions.

  18. Clinical Features of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients Complicated With Evans Syndrome: A Case-Control, Single Center Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lili; Wu, Xiuhua; Wang, Laifang; Li, Jing; Chen, Hua; Zhao, Yan; Zheng, Wenjie

    2016-04-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical features of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) complicated with Evans syndrome (ES). We conducted a retrospective case-control study to compare the clinical and laboratory features of age- and gender-matched lupus patients with and without ES in 1:3 ratios. In 5724 hospitalized SLE patients, we identified 27 (0.47%, 22 women and 5 men, average age 34.2 years) SLE patients complicated with ES. Fifteen patients (55.6%) presented with hematologic abnormalities initially, including 6 (22.2%) cases of isolated ITP, 4 (14.8%) cases of isolated AIHA, and 5 (18.5%) cases of classical ES. The median intervals between hematological presentations the diagnosis of SLE was 36 months (range 0-252). ES developed after the SLE diagnosis in 4 patients (14.8%), and concomitantly with SLE diagnosis in 8 patients (29.6%). Systemic involvements are frequently observed in SLE patients with ES, including fever (55.6%), serositis (51.9%), hair loss (40.7%), lupus nephritis (37%), Raynaud phenomenon (33.3%), neuropsychiatric (33.3%) and pulmonary involvement (25.9%), and photosensitivity (25.9%). The incidence of photosensitivity, hypocomplementemia, elevated serum IgG level, and lupus nephritis in patients with ES or without ES was 25.9% vs 6.2% (P = 0.007), 88.9% vs 67.1% (P = 0.029), 48.1% vs 24.4% (P = 0.021), and 37% vs 64.2% (P = 0.013), respectively. Twenty-five (92.6%) patients achieved improvement following treatment of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants as well as splenectomy, whereas 6 patients experienced the relapse and 1 patient died from renal failure during the follow-up. ES is a relatively rare complication of SLE. Photosensitivity, hypocomplementemia, and elevated serum IgG level were frequently observed in ES patients, but lupus nephritis was less observed. More than half of patients presented with hematological manifestation at onset, and progress to typical lupus over months to years. Therefore

  19. Adolescent rearing conditions influence the relationship between initial anxiety-like behavior and ethanol drinking in male Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, Ann M; Carter, Eugenia; McCool, Brian A; Weiner, Jeff L

    2013-01-01

    Rodent studies have demonstrated that adolescent social isolation results in many behavioral perturbations, including increases in anxiety-like behaviors. Socially isolated (SI) rats have also been shown to self-administer greater amounts ethanol (EtOH) in some, but not all, studies. Here, we tested whether juvenile social isolation increases EtOH drinking using an intermittent procedure that engenders relatively high intake in normally reared animals. We also compared the behavioral phenotype of rats reared under social isolation or group-housed conditions with adult rats housed under conditions commonly used in EtOH-drinking studies. Male Long Evans rats were procured immediately postweaning and were group housed for 1 week. Subjects were then randomly divided into 2 groups: SI rats, housed individually for 6 weeks and group-housed (GH) rats (4/cage). A third group was procured as young adults and was housed individually upon arrival for 1 week (standard housing condition). Rats were then tested in a plus-maze and novelty assay, and then, all subjects were singly housed and EtOH drinking was assessed. SI rats displayed increased anxiety-like behaviors on the plus-maze, a greater locomotor response to a novel environment, and increased EtOH intake, relative to GH rats. Age-matched standard housed (STD) rats exhibited an anxiety-like behavioral profile on the plus-maze that was similar to SI, and not GH rats, and also drank EtOH at levels comparable with SI subjects. In addition, anxiety-like behavior on the plus-maze correlated with intermittent EtOH intake in SI and GH rats. These data further support the validity of the rodent juvenile social isolation model for studies directed at elucidating behavioral and neurobiological mechanisms linking anxiety and EtOH drinking. These findings further suggest that housing conditions commonly employed in rodent drinking studies may recapitulate the anxiety-like and EtOH-drinking phenotype engendered by a juvenile social

  20. The alpha(2)-adrenoceptors do not modify the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase, corticoliberine, and neuropeptide Y producing hypothalamic magnocellular neurons ion the Long Evans and Brattleboro rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundzikova, J; Pirnik, Z; Zelena, D

    2010-01-01

    The hypothalamic supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) nuclei are activated by body salt-fluid variations. Stimulation of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors by an agonist-xylazine (XYL) activates oxytocinergic but not vasopressinergic magnocellular neurons. In this study, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH...... sections of 30 mum thickness double immunolabeled with Fos/neuropeptide were evaluated under light microscope. Under basal conditions, di/di in comparison with control Long Evans rats, displayed significantly higher number of TH, CRH, and NPY immunoreactive neurons in the SON and PVN (except NPY cells...

  1. Primeiro registro da ocorrência de Cirrospilus floridensis Evans (Hymenoptera como parasitóide de Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera no Brasil First record of occurrence of Cirrospilus floridensis Evans (Hymenoptera as a parasitoid of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Mundstock Jahnke

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo relata o primeiro registro de Cirrospilus floridensis Evans no Brasil. Este Eulophidae foi obtido de pupas de Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (minador-das-folhas-dos-citros presentes em folhas de bergamoteiras da variedade Montenegrina (Citrus deliciosa e do híbrido tangor Murcott (C. sinesnis x C. reticulata coletadas de julho de 2001 a junho de 2003 em Montenegro, RS, Brasil. Foram registrados adultos, machos e fêmeas de C. floridensis.This study reports the first record of Cirrospilus floridensis Evans in Brazil. This Eulophidae was obtained from pupae of Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (citrus-leafminer present in infested leaves of the Montenegrina variety (Citrus deliciosa and the hybrid tangor Murcott (C. sinensis x C. reticulata collected from July of 2001 to June of 2003 in Montenegro, RS, Brazil. Adults, males and females of C. floridensis were registered.

  2. Development of mixed-type autoimmune hemolytic anemia and Evans' syndrome following chicken pox infection in a case of low-titer cold agglutinin disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Yumi; Masuya, Masahiro; Katayama, Naoyuki; Miyata, Eri; Sugimoto, Yuka; Shibasaki, Tetsunori; Yamamura, Kentaro; Ohishi, Kohshi; Minami, Nobuyuki; Shiku, Hiroshi; Nobori, Tsutomu

    2006-10-01

    We describe a patient with low-titer cold agglutinin disease (CAD) who developed mixed-type autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and idiopathic thrombocytopenia following chicken pox infection. At least 1 year before admission to hospital, the patient had mild hemolytic anemia associated with low-titer cold agglutinins. A severe hemolytic crisis and thrombocytopenia (Evans' syndrome) occurred several days after infection with chicken pox, and the patient was referred to our hospital. Serological findings revealed the presence of both cold agglutinins and warm-reactive autoantibodies against erythrocytes, and the diagnosis was mixed-type AIHA. Following steroid therapy, the hemoglobin (Hb) level and platelet count improved. The patient was closely followed over a 10-year period with recurrent documented hemolysis after viral or bacterial infections. Warm-reactive autoantibodies have not been detected in the last 2 years, and only the immunoglobulin M anti-I cold agglutinins with a low titer and wide thermal amplitude have remained unchanged. Therefore, the patient has received at least 10 mg prednisolone daily to maintain a Hb level of 10 g/dL. To the best of our knowledge, no adult case of low-titer CAD that has evolved into mixed-type AIHA and Evans' syndrome after chicken pox infection has been previously reported in the literature.

  3. Synthesis and radioiodination of di-iodo-Evan's blue via isotopic exchange reaction in the molten state and evaluation of the kinetics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El-Azony, K.M.; Hot Lab. Center, Cairo; Bier, D.; Coenen, H.H.

    2004-01-01

    Many aryl halides were synthesized from aryl amines such as iodo-trypan, iodo-methylene blue and iodo-toluidine. Methylene blue and toludine blue are phenothiazinium dyes and were used to localize parathyroid glands visually during surgery. Radioiodination of these compounds by using iodine-123 analogues for scintgraphic localization of parathyroids was reported. Radiolabelled dyes administered may also localize in tumor tissues. Evan's blue dye was used to study altered sarcolemmal permeability in dystrophic muscle fibers, and in animals to study muscular dystrophy. In this work Diiodo-Evan's blue was synthesized via Sandmeyer reaction and characterized by mass spectrum analysis. A procedure for labelling DIEB with Na 131 I via isotopic exchange in molten medium was developed. The labelling conditions studied for the isotopic exchange of 131 I-for-I in DIEB included the effect of temperature and solvents (melt of acetamide, benzoic and pivalic acid). Kinetic studies were performed to obtain [ 131 I] DIEB with more reliable reaction conditions. Quality control for the final product ([ 131 I] DIEB) was performed by HPLC. (orig.)

  4. Kinetic analysis of the rate of corneal wound healing in Otsuka long-evans Tokushima Fatty rats, a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Noriaki; Murao, Takatoshi; Okamoto, Norio; Ito, Yoshimasa

    2010-01-01

    Diabetic keratopathy is a well-known ocular complication secondary to type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we performed a kinetic analysis of corneal wound healing in Long-Evans rats (normal rat) and Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Corneal wound healing in 7-week-old normal rats was mostly complete 24 h after corneal epithelial abrasion, and the process of corneal wound healing took place according to an equation with a first-order rate constant. The rate of corneal wound healing in normal rats decreased with aging. The process of corneal wound healing in 38- and 60-week-old normal and OLETF rats occurred in two phases with rate constants for the first and second phases represented as alpha and beta, respectively. The alpha and beta values in 38- and 60-week-old OLETF rats were lower than those in normal rats of the corresponding age. Furthermore, a close relationship was observed between the corneal wound healing rate constant and plasma glucose levels in OLETF rats. The present studies suggest the sequence of events that occur following damage to the corneal surface in OLETF rats as a model animal for a human type 2 diabetes mellitus.

  5. Evans-Showell-Type Polyoxometalates Constructing High-Dimensional Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Compounds with Copper-Organic Coordination Complexes: Synthesis and Oxidation Catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Haiyan; Hou, Yujiao; Wang, Lin; Zhang, Yumeng; Yang, Wei; Chang, ShenZhen

    2017-10-02

    Four new hybrid architectures containing a [Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 ] 6- polyoxoanion, (en)[Cu 3 (ptz) 4 (H 2 O) 4 ][Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 ]·24H 2 O (1), (Hbim) 2 [{Cu(bim) 2 (H 2 O) 2 } 2 {Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 }]·5H 2 O (2), H 2 [Cu(dpdo) 3 (H 2 O) 4 ][{Cu 2 (dpdo) 3 (H 2 O) 4 (CH 3 CN)} 2 {Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 } 2 ]·9H 2 O (3), and (H 2 bpp) 4 [{Cu(H 2 O) 2 }{NaCo 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 } 2 ]·10H 2 O (4), where ptz = 5-(4-pyridyl)-1H-tetrazole, en = ethylenediamine, bim = benzimidazole, dpdo = 4,4'-bipyridine-N,N'-dioxide, and bpp = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane, have been prepared and characterized through elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, IR spectroscopy, and powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound 1 shows a 3D host-guest framework composed of 3D Cu-ptz as the host and Evans-Showell-type polyoxoanion [Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 ] 6- as the guest. Compound 2 is constructed from [Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 ] 6- polyoxoanions and Cu-bim coordination complexes to form a 2D covalent layer. Compound 3 also exhibits a 2D hybrid network based on [Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 ] 6- polyoxoanions linked by Cu-dpdo coordination groups. Compound 4 is a 1D double-chain structure composed of [Co 2 Mo 10 H 4 O 38 ] 6- polyoxoanions joined together by Na + and Cu 2+ cations. As far as we know, compound 1 is the first host-guest compound with an Evans-Showell-type polyoxometalate as the guest, and compounds 2 and 3 are the first 2D inorganic-organic hybrid architectures constructed from Evans-Showell-type polyoxometalates. Compounds 1-4 are redox catalysts that heterogeneously prompt sulfide and alcohol oxidation with excellent efficiency.

  6. Review of the mite subfamily Arctoseiinae Evans with a key to its genera and description of a new genus and species from Siberia (Parasitiformes, Mesostigmata, Ascidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evert E. Lindquist

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available We redefine the subfamily Arctoseiinae of the family Ascidae, and describe a new genus, Maxinia gen. n., based on a new species, Maxinia arctomontana sp. n., whose adults display a combination of attri-butes uniquely different from other genera of the subfamily. The geographical range of M. arctomontana is limited by arctic and mountain landscapes of Siberia. This description provides further data on the arctic distribution and morphological diversity of the subfamily Arctoseiinae, which is unusually well represented in that region (26–83 % in local gamasid mite faunas. Conceptual problems with the genus Iphidonopsis Gwiazdowicz, 2004 are reviewed, and a new combination, Iphidonopsis magnanalis (Ma & Yin, 1999 comb. n., is presented for Iphidozercon magnanalis Ma & Yin, 1999 from China. The genus Diseius Lindquist & Evans, 1965 is provisionally moved from the family Ascidae to the Digamasellidae. A new key to the genera of Arctoseiinae is presented.

  7. Enhancing effects of sericin on corneal wound healing in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats as a model of human type 2 diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Noriaki; Murao, Takatoshi; Ito, Yoshimasa; Okamoto, Norio; Sasaki, Masahiro

    2009-09-01

    The protein sericin is the main constituent of silk. We investigated the effects of sericin on corneal wound healing in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model for human type 2 diabetes. Corneal wounds were prepared by removal of the corneal epithelium, and documented using a TRC-50X equipped with a digital camera. Sericin solutions were instilled into the eyes of rats five times a day following corneal abrasion. Plasma glucose and triglycerides were determined using an Accutrend GCT. Cholesterol and insulin were measured using a Cholesterol E-Test Kit and ELISA Insulin Kit, respectively. The plasma levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol and insulin in 38-week-old OLETF rats were significantly higher than in Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats used as normal controls, and the rate of corneal wound healing in OLETF rats was slower than in LETO rats. The corneal wounds of rats instilled with saline showed almost complete healing by 72 h after corneal epithelial abrasion. On the other hand, the corneal healing rate of OLETF rats instilled with 10% sericin solution was significantly higher than that of LETO rats instilled with saline, and the wounds showed almost complete healing at 48 h after abrasion. The corneal healing rate increased with increasing sericin concentration. The present study demonstrates that the corneal wound healing rate in OLETF rat is slower than in LETO rats, and the instillation of sericin solution has a potent effect in promoting wound healing and wound-size reduction in LETO and OLETF rats.

  8. Evans Blue Staining Reveals Vascular Leakage Associated with Focal Areas of Host-Parasite Interaction in Brains of Pigs Infected with Taenia solium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paredes, Adriana; Cangalaya, Carla; Rivera, Andrea; Gonzalez, Armando E.; Mahanty, Siddhartha; Garcia, Hector H.; Nash, Theodore E.

    2014-01-01

    Cysticidal drug treatment of viable Taenia solium brain parenchymal cysts leads to an acute pericystic host inflammatory response and blood brain barrier breakdown (BBB), commonly resulting in seizures. Naturally infected pigs, untreated or treated one time with praziquantel were sacrificed at 48 hr and 120 hr following the injection of Evans blue (EB) to assess the effect of treatment on larval parasites and surrounding tissue. Examination of harvested non encapsulated muscle cysts unexpectedly revealed one or more small, focal round region(s) of Evans blue dye infiltration (REBI) on the surface of otherwise non dye-stained muscle cysts. Histopathological analysis of REBI revealed focal areas of eosinophil-rich inflammatory infiltrates that migrated from the capsule into the tegument and internal structures of the parasite. In addition some encapsulated brain cysts, in which the presence of REBI could not be directly assessed, showed histopathology identical to that of the REBI. Muscle cysts with REBI were more frequent in pigs that had received praziquantel (6.6% of 3736 cysts; n = 6 pigs) than in those that were untreated (0.2% of 3172 cysts; n = 2 pigs). Similar results were found in the brain, where 20.7% of 29 cysts showed histopathology identical to muscle REBI cysts in praziquantel-treated pigs compared to the 4.3% of 47 cysts in untreated pigs. Closer examination of REBI infiltrates showed that EB was taken up only by eosinophils, a major component of the cellular infiltrates, which likely explains persistence of EB in the REBI. REBI likely represent early damaging host responses to T. solium cysts and highlight the focal nature of this initial host response and the importance of eosinophils at sites of host-parasite interaction. These findings suggest new avenues for immunomodulation to reduce inflammatory side effects of anthelmintic therapy. PMID:24915533

  9. Üheksa nulli : null null null null null null null... / Anthony de Kowalsky

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kowalsky, Anthony de

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus 18.- 20. 07. Põlvamaal Intsikurmu laululaval etendunud vabaõhulavastusele "Üheksa nulliga Eesti". Stsenaariumi on kirjutanud Kadri Pettai, Aapo Ilves, Olavi Ruitlane ja Veiko Märka. Lavastanud Reeda Toots

  10. Genetic recombination at the human RH locus: A family study of the red-cell Evans phenotype reveals a transfer of exons 2-6 from the RHD to the RHCE gene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, C.H.; Chen, Y.; Reid, M. [Lindsley F. Kimball Research Inst., New York, NY (United States); Ghosh, S.

    1996-10-01

    The human RH locus appears to consist of two structural genes, D and CE, which map on the short arm p34-36 of chromosome 1 and specify a most complex system of blood-group genetic polymorphisms. Here we describe a family study of the Evans (also known as {open_quotes}D..{open_quotes}) phenotype, a codominant trait associated with both qualitative and quantitative changes in D-antigen expression. A cataract-causing mutation was also inherited in this family and was apparently cotransmitted with Evans, suggesting a chromosomal linkage of these two otherwise unrelated traits. Southern blot analysis and allele-specific PCR showed the linkage of Evans with a SphI RFLP marker and the presence of a hybrid gene in the RH locus. To delineate the pattern of gene expression, the composition and structure of Rh-polypeptide transcripts were characterized by reverse transcriptase-PCR and nucleotide sequencing. This resulted in the identification of a novel Rh transcript expressed only in the Evans-positive erythroid cells. Sequence analysis showed that the transcript maintained a normal open reading frame but occurred as a CE-D-CE composite in which exons 2-6 of the CE gene were replaced by the homologous counterpart of the D gene. This hybrid gene was predicted to encode a CE-D-CE fusion protein whose surface expression correlates with the Evans phenotype. The mode and consequence of such a recombination event suggest the occurrence, in the RH locus, of a segmental DNA transfer via the mechanism of gene conversion. 31 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Rare sugar d-psicose prevents progression and development of diabetes in T2DM model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Akram; Yamaguchi, Fuminori; Hirose, Kayoko; Matsunaga, Toru; Sui, Li; Hirata, Yuko; Noguchi, Chisato; Katagi, Ayako; Kamitori, Kazuyo; Dong, Youyi; Tsukamoto, Ikuko; Tokuda, Masaaki

    2015-01-01

    Background The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity is consumption of calorie-dense foods. We have introduced a zero-calorie sweet sugar, d-psicose (d-allulose), a rare sugar that has been proven to have strong antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects, and could be used as a replacement of natural sugar for the obese and diabetic subjects. Aim Above mentioned efficacy of d-psicose (d-allulose) has been confirmed in our previous studies on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats with short-term treatment. In this study we investigated the long-term effect of d-psicose in preventing the commencement and progression of T2DM with the mechanism of preservation of pancreatic β-cells in OLETF rats. Methods Treated OLETF rats were fed 5% d-psicose dissolved in water and control rats only water. Nondiabetic control rats, Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO), were taken as healthy control and fed water. To follow the progression of diabetes, periodic measurements of blood glucose, plasma insulin, and body weight changes were continued till sacrifice at 60 weeks. Periodic in vivo body fat mass was measured. On sacrifice, pancreas, liver, and abdominal adipose tissues were collected for various staining tests. Results d-Psicose prevented the commencement and progression of T2DM till 60 weeks through the maintenance of blood glucose levels, decrease in body weight gain, and the control of postprandial hyperglycemia, with decreased levels of HbA1c in comparison to nontreated control rats. This improvement in glycemic control was accompanied by the maintenance of plasma insulin levels and the preservation of pancreatic β-cells with the significant reduction in inflammatory markers. Body fat accumulation was significantly lower in the treatment group, with decreased infiltration of macrophages in the abdominal adipose tissue. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the rare sugar d-psicose could be beneficial for the

  12. Rare sugar D-psicose prevents progression and development of diabetes in T2DM model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Akram; Yamaguchi, Fuminori; Hirose, Kayoko; Matsunaga, Toru; Sui, Li; Hirata, Yuko; Noguchi, Chisato; Katagi, Ayako; Kamitori, Kazuyo; Dong, Youyi; Tsukamoto, Ikuko; Tokuda, Masaaki

    2015-01-01

    The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity is consumption of calorie-dense foods. We have introduced a zero-calorie sweet sugar, d-psicose (d-allulose), a rare sugar that has been proven to have strong antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects, and could be used as a replacement of natural sugar for the obese and diabetic subjects. Above mentioned efficacy of d-psicose (d-allulose) has been confirmed in our previous studies on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats with short-term treatment. In this study we investigated the long-term effect of d-psicose in preventing the commencement and progression of T2DM with the mechanism of preservation of pancreatic β-cells in OLETF rats. Treated OLETF rats were fed 5% d-psicose dissolved in water and control rats only water. Nondiabetic control rats, Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO), were taken as healthy control and fed water. To follow the progression of diabetes, periodic measurements of blood glucose, plasma insulin, and body weight changes were continued till sacrifice at 60 weeks. Periodic in vivo body fat mass was measured. On sacrifice, pancreas, liver, and abdominal adipose tissues were collected for various staining tests. d-Psicose prevented the commencement and progression of T2DM till 60 weeks through the maintenance of blood glucose levels, decrease in body weight gain, and the control of postprandial hyperglycemia, with decreased levels of HbA1c in comparison to nontreated control rats. This improvement in glycemic control was accompanied by the maintenance of plasma insulin levels and the preservation of pancreatic β-cells with the significant reduction in inflammatory markers. Body fat accumulation was significantly lower in the treatment group, with decreased infiltration of macrophages in the abdominal adipose tissue. Our findings suggest that the rare sugar d-psicose could be beneficial for the prevention and control of obesity and

  13. Adolescent social isolation does not lead to persistent increases in anxiety- like behavior or ethanol intake in female long-evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Tracy R; Carter, Eugenia; Weiner, Jeffrey L

    2014-08-01

    Clinically, early life stress and anxiety disorders are associated with increased vulnerability for alcohol use disorders. In male rats, early life stress, imparted by adolescent social isolation, results in long-lasting increases in a number of behavioral risk factors for alcoholism, including greater anxiety-like behaviors and ethanol (EtOH) intake. Several recent studies have begun to use this model to gain insight into the relationships among anxiety measures, stress, EtOH intake, and neurobiological correlates driving these behaviors. As prior research has noted significant sex differences in the impact of adolescent stress on anxiety measures and EtOH drinking, the current study was conducted to determine if this same model produces an "addiction vulnerable" phenotype in female rodents. Female Long Evans rats were socially isolated (SI; 1/cage) or group housed (GH; 4/cage) for 6 weeks during adolescence. After this housing manipulation, behavioral assessment was conducted using the elevated plus maze, response to novelty in an open field environment, and the light/dark box. After behavioral testing, home cage EtOH drinking was assessed across an 8-week period. No group differences were detected in any of the behavioral measures of unconditioned anxiety-like behavior. Greater EtOH intake and preference were observed in SI females but these differences did not persist. The SI/GH model, which results in robust and enduring increases in anxiety measures and EtOH self-administration in male Long Evans rats, did not result in similar behavioral changes in female rats. These data, and that of others, suggest that adolescent social isolation is not a useful model with which to study neurobiological substrates linking antecedent anxiety and addiction vulnerability in female rats. Given the compelling epidemiological evidence that the relationship between chronic adolescent stress and alcohol addiction is particularly strong in women, there is clearly an urgent need

  14. Effects of prenatal exposure to a low dose atrazine metabolite mixture on pubertal timing and prostate development of male Long-Evans rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stanko, Jason [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS); Enoch, Rolondo [North Carolina Central University, Durham; Rayner, Jennifer L [ORNL; Davis, Christine [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Wolf, Douglas [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Malarkey, David [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Fenton, Suzanne [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

    2010-12-01

    The present study examines the postnatal reproductive development of male rats following prenatal exposure to an atrazine metabolite mixture (AMM) consisting of the herbicide atrazine and its environmental metabolites diaminochlorotriazine, hydroxyatrazine, deethylatrazine, and deisopropylatrazine. Pregnant Long-Evans rats were treated by gavage with 0.09, 0.87, or 8.73 mg AMM/kg body weight (BW), vehicle, or 100 mg ATR/kg BW positive control, on gestation days 15 19. Preputial separation was significantly delayed in 0.87 mg and 8.73 mg AMM-exposed males. AMM-exposed males demonstrated a significant treatment-related increase in incidence and severity of inflammation in the prostate on postnatal day (PND) 120. A dose-dependent increase in epididymal fat masses and prostate foci were grossly visible in AMM-exposed offspring. These results indicate that a short, late prenatal exposure to mixture of chlorotriazine metabolites can cause chronic prostatitis in male LE rats. The mode of action for these effects is presently unclear.

  15. Comparison of the enhancement of plasma glucose levels in type 2 diabetes Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats by oral administration of sucrose or maple syrup.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Noriaki; Ito, Yoshimasa; Taga, Atsushi

    2013-01-01

    Maple syrup is used as a premium natural sweeter, and is known for being good for human health. In the present study, we investigate whether maple syrup is suitable as a sweetener in the management of type 2 diabetes using Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OLETF rats develop type 2 diabetes mellitus by 30 weeks of age, and 60-week-old OLETF rats show hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia via pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. The administration of sucrose or maple syrup following an OGT test increased plasma glucose (PG) levels in OLETF rats, but the enhancement in PG following the oral administration of maple syrup was lower than in the case of sucrose administration in both 30- and 60-week-old OLETF rats. Although, the insulin levels in 30-week-old OLETF rats also increased following the oral administration of sucrose or maple syrup, no increase in insulin levels was seen in 60-week-old OLETF rats following the oral administration of either sucrose or maple syrup. No significant differences were observed in insulin levels between sucrose- and maple syrup-administered OLETF rats at either 30 or 60 weeks of age. The present study strongly suggests that the maple syrup may have a lower glycemic index than sucrose, which may help in the prevention of type 2 diabetes.

  16. Attenuation of Diabetic Nephropathy in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF Rats with a Combination of Chinese Herbs (Tangshen Formula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haojun Zhang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most significant microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetics. The concise mechanism of diabetic nephropathy is unknown and there is no successful treatment. The objective of study was to investigate effects of Chinese herbs (Tangshen Formula on diabetic nephropathy in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF rats. OLETF rats and LETO rats were divided into four groups: LETO control, OLETF diabetics, OLETF diabetics treated with Tangshen Formula, and OLETF diabetics treated with Monopril. Body weight, blood glucose, and 24 h urinary proteins were measured once every four weeks. Blood samples and kidney tissues were obtained for analyses of total cholesterol, triglyceride, whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, and pathohistological examination at 36 and 56 weeksrespectively. Untreated OLETF rats displayed diabetic nephropathy over the study period. Treatment of OLETF rats with Tangshen Formula attenuated the increases in blood glucose, body weight, 24 h urinary protein content, serum total cholesterol, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity at certain time. Treatment with Tangshen Formula also reduced glomerulosclerotic index and interstitial fibrotic index seen in OLETF rats. In conclusion, Tangshen Formula could attenuate the development of diabetic nephropathy in OLETF rat diabetic model.

  17. Taurine ameliorates hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia by reducing insulin resistance and leptin level in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats with long-term diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Da Hee; Kim, Jung Yeon; Lee, Bong Gn; You, Jeong Soon; Chang, Kyung Ja; Chung, Hyunju; Yoo, Myung Chul; Yang, Hyung-In; Kang, Ja-Heon; Hwang, Yoo Chul; Ahn, Kue Jeong; Chung, Ho-Yeon

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine whether taurine supplementation improves metabolic disturbances and diabetic complications in an animal model for type 2 diabetes. We investigated whether taurine has therapeutic effects on glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and diabetic complications in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats with long-term duration of diabetes. Fourteen 50-week-old OLETF rats with chronic diabetes were fed a diet supplemented with taurine (2%) or a non-supplemented control diet for 12 weeks. Taurine reduced blood glucose levels over 12 weeks, and improved OGTT outcomes at 6 weeks after taurine supplementation, in OLETF rats. Taurine significantly reduced insulin resistance but did not improve β-cell function or islet mass. After 12 weeks, taurine significantly decreased serum levels of lipids such as triglyceride, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Taurine significantly reduced serum leptin, but not adiponectin levels. However, taurine had no therapeutic effect on damaged tissues. Taurine ameliorated hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, at least in part, by improving insulin sensitivity and leptin modulation in OLETF rats with long-term diabetes. Additional study is needed to investigate whether taurine has the same beneficial effects in human diabetic patients. PMID:23114424

  18. The effects of infusions of arginine vasopressin or 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin on common carotid vascular resistance in conscious, Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardiner, S M; Compton, A M; Bennett, T

    1989-05-01

    1. Intravenous infusions of arginine vasopressin or 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) were given to conscious, Long Evans rats chronically instrumented with bilateral, common carotid, pulsed Doppler probes and intravascular catheters. 2. During infusion of vasopressin at 0.3 nmol min-1 there was an increase in common carotid vascular resistance with no change in mean blood pressure or heart rate. Following infusion there was a common carotid vasodilatation. 3. During infusion of vasopressin at 3.0 nmol min-1 there were increases in mean arterial blood pressure and in common carotid vascular resistances, accompanied by bilateral reductions in flow and in heart rate. Administration of (+)-(CH2)5Tyr(Et)DAVP (a V1-receptor antagonist), during the continued infusion of vasopressin, reversed the effects of the latter on mean blood pressure and heart rate; under these conditions there were increases in common carotid blood flows above baseline, in company with bilateral vasodilatations. The latter effects persisted after cessation of vasopressin infusion. 4. Infusions of DDAVP were without significant effects on any measured cardiovascular variable. 5. The results do not provide straightforward support for the claim that vasopressin acts to promote cerebral perfusion, at least when V1-receptor effects are unopposed. Furthermore, it seems likely tha the vasodilator influence of vasopressin on the common carotid vascular bed is not due to stimulation of V2-receptors.

  19. Regional cerebral incorporation of plasma [14C]palmitate, and cerebral glucose utilization, in water-deprived Long-Evans and Brattleboro rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noronha, J.G.; Larson, D.M.; Rapoport, S.I.

    1989-01-01

    Regional rates of incorporation into brain of intravenously administered [ 14 C]palmitate and regional cerebral metabolic rates for glucose (rCMRglc) were measured in water-provided (WP) and water-deprived (WD) homozygous (DI) and heterozygous (HZ) Brattleboro rats, a mutant strain unable to synthesize vasopressin, and in the parent Long-Evans (LE) strain. Following 15 h or 4 days of water deprivation, rCMRglc was elevated threefold in the pituitary neural lobe of LE-WD and DI-WD as compared with LE-WP rats, and in the paraventricular nucleus of LE-WD, and the supraoptic nucleus of DI-WD rats. However, incorporation of [ 14 C]palmitate into these regions was not specifically altered. The results indicate that water deprivation for up to 4 days increases rCMRglc in some brain regions involved with vasopressin, but does not alter [ 14 C]palmitate incorporation into these regions. Incorporation of plasma [ 14 C]palmitate is independent of unlabeled plasma palmitate at brain regions which have an intact blood-brain barrier, but at nonbarrier regions falls according to saturation kinetics as cold plasma concentration rises, with a mean half-saturation constant (Km) equal to 0.136 mumol.ml-1

  20. The effects of cannabidiol (CBD) on Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) self-administration in male and female Long-Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakeford, Alison G P; Wetzell, Bradley B; Pomfrey, Rebecca L; Clasen, Matthew M; Taylor, William W; Hempel, Briana J; Riley, Anthony L

    2017-08-01

    Despite widespread cannabis use in humans, few rodent models exist demonstrating significant Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) self-administration, possibly due to THC's co-occurring aversive effects, which impact drug reinforcement. Cannabis contains a number of phytocannabinoids in addition to THC, one of which, cannabidiol (CBD), has been reported to antagonize some of the aversive effects of THC. Given such effects of CBD, it is possible that it might influence THC intravenous self-administration in rodents. Accordingly, male and female Long-Evans rats were trained to self-administer THC over a 3-week period and then were assessed for the effects of CBD on responding for THC at 1:1 and 1:10 dose ratios or for the establishment of cocaine self-administration (as a positive control for drug self-administration). Consistent with previous research, THC self-administration was modest and only evident in a subset of animals (and unaffected by sex). Cocaine self-administration was high and evident in the majority of animals tested, indicating that the design was sensitive to drug reinforcement. There was no effect of CBD pretreatment on THC intravenous self-administration at any CBD:THC dose ratio. Future developments of animal models of THC self-administration and the examination of factors that affect its display remain important to establish procedures designed to assess the basis for and treatment of cannabis use and abuse. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  1. Improving urban visibility through fractal analysis of street edges: The case of John Evans Atta Mills High Street in Accra, Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Oppong

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Streets are a representation of cities, and the image of a city is a reflection of its home country. Although attempts to ensure harmonious spatial and environmental development in Ghanaian settlements date back to the colonial era, these efforts have minimal physical manifestation in the urban fabric of the city of Accra. The Independence Arch of Ghana, an important landmark in the urban fabric and history of Accra, lacks the striking vista and approach it deserves. This paper introduces the use of fractal analysis of street edges to understand the characteristics of the John Evans Atta Mills (JEAM High Street for developing recommendations to improve visibility along its stretch and the overall image of the city. The box-counting method with visual survey was used in research. The pertinent questions this paper seeks to address are as follows: What factors affect the visibility and imageability of JEAM High Street? What design aspects should be considered to improve urban visibility along JEAM High Street? What is the link of fractals to urban design and architecture? The paper recommends various design considerations and qualities to improve the urban visibility and imageability of JEAM High Street.

  2. Markers for blood-brain barrier integrity: how appropriate is Evans blue in the 21st century and what are the alternatives?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman Ruthven Saunders

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in brain barriers and various roles their intrinsic mechanisms may play in neurological disorders. Such studies require suitable models and markers to demonstrate integrity and functional changes at the interfaces between blood, brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Studies of brain barrier mechanisms and measurements of plasma volume using dyes have a long-standing history, dating back to the late 19th-Century. Their use continues in spite of their known serious limitations in in vivo applications. These were well known when first introduced, but seem to have been forgotten since. Understanding these limitations is important because Evans blue is still the most commonly used marker of brain barrier integrity and those using it seem oblivious to problems arising from its in vivo application. The introduction of HRP in the mid 20th-Century was an important advance because its reaction product can be visualized at the electron microscopical level. Advantages and disadvantages these markers will be discussed together with a critical evaluation of alternative approaches. There is no single marker suitable for all purposes. A combination of different sized, visualisable dextrans and radiolabelled molecules currently seems to be the most appropriate approach for qualitative and quantitative assessment of barrier integrity.

  3. Markers for blood-brain barrier integrity: how appropriate is Evans blue in the twenty-first century and what are the alternatives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Norman R.; Dziegielewska, Katarzyna M.; Møllgård, Kjeld; Habgood, Mark D.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in brain barriers and various roles their intrinsic mechanisms may play in neurological disorders. Such studies require suitable models and markers to demonstrate integrity and functional changes at the interfaces between blood, brain, and cerebrospinal fluid. Studies of brain barrier mechanisms and measurements of plasma volume using dyes have a long-standing history, dating back to the late nineteenth-century. Their use in blood-brain barrier studies continues in spite of their known serious limitations in in vivo applications. These were well known when first introduced, but seem to have been forgotten since. Understanding these limitations is important because Evans blue is still the most commonly used marker of brain barrier integrity and those using it seem oblivious to problems arising from its in vivo application. The introduction of HRP in the mid twentieth-century was an important advance because its reaction product can be visualized at the electron microscopical level, but it also has limitations. Advantages and disadvantages of these markers will be discussed together with a critical evaluation of alternative approaches. There is no single marker suitable for all purposes. A combination of different sized, visualizable dextrans and radiolabeled molecules currently seems to be the most appropriate approach for qualitative and quantitative assessment of barrier integrity. PMID:26578854

  4. Ocorrência simultânea de síndrome de Evans e anemia falciforme em uma criança de 2 anos Simultaneous occurrence of Evans syndrome and sickle cell anemia in a 2 year-old child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Alexandre Brito

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A associação entre anemia falciforme (AF e síndrome de Evans (SE parece ser rara. Esse estudo objetivou relatar o caso de uma criança com AF e SE. A paciente R. M. S. S., 2 anos de idade, foi admitida em um centro hematológico apresentando hemorragia de mucosa, leucometria 20,3 × 10(9/l, hemoglobina 4,6 g/dl e plaquetas 28 × 10(9/l. Posteriormente, realizou-se mielograma, que evidenciou hipercelularidade eritroide, sugerindo hemólise. Teste positivo da antiglobulina direcionou o diagnóstico para SE. Iniciou-se pulsoterapia com corticoide até regularização da plaquetometria. Hemácias em foice foram visualizadas no esfregaço sanguíneo; eletroforese de hemoglobina revelou fenótipo SS. A associação parece ter sido fortuita e gerou quadro grave, que deve ser reconhecido prontamente.The association of sickle cell anemia (SCA and Evans syndrome (ES seems to be uncommon. This study aimed to report a case of a child with SCA and SE. 2 year-old R. M. S. S. was admitted into a hematologic center with mucosal bleedings. Exam results revealed leucocyte 20.3 × 10(9/l, hemoglobin 4.6 g/dl, and platelets 28 × 10(9/l. Subsequently, myelogram was performed and showed erythroid-hypercellularity, which suggested hemolysis. Positive antiglobulin test corroborated the diagnosis of ES. Corticosteroid pulse therapies were conducted until normalization of platelet count. Sickle cells were detected in blood smears and hemoglobin electrophoresis revealed SS phenotype. Despite the fact the association appears to occur randomly, it causes severe clinical symptoms, which must be promptly recognized.

  5. Rare sugar D-psicose prevents progression and development of diabetes in T2DM model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossain A

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Akram Hossain,1,2 Fuminori Yamaguchi,1 Kayoko Hirose,1 Toru Matsunaga,3 Li Sui,1 Yuko Hirata,1 Chisato Noguchi,1 Ayako Katagi,1 Kazuyo Kamitori,1 Youyi Dong,1 Ikuko Tsukamoto,4 Masaaki Tokuda11Department of Cell Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Ikenobe, Miki, Kagawa, Japan; 2Research and Development, Matsutani Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Kitaitami, Itami-shi, Hyogo, Japan; 3Division of Hospital Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Ikenobe, Miki, Kagawa, Japan; 4Department of Pharmaco-Bio-Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Ikenobe, Miki, Kagawa, JapanBackground: The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity is consumption of calorie-dense foods. We have introduced a zero-calorie sweet sugar, D-psicose (D-allulose, a rare sugar that has been proven to have strong antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects, and could be used as a replacement of natural sugar for the obese and diabetic subjects.Aim: Above mentioned efficacy of D-psicose (D-allulose has been confirmed in our previous studies on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM model Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF rats with short-term treatment. In this study we investigated the long-term effect of D-psicose in preventing the commencement and progression of T2DM with the mechanism of preservation of pancreatic β-cells in OLETF rats.Methods: Treated OLETF rats were fed 5% d-psicose dissolved in water and control rats only water. Nondiabetic control rats, Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO, were taken as healthy control and fed water. To follow the progression of diabetes, periodic measurements of blood glucose, plasma insulin, and body weight changes were continued till sacrifice at 60 weeks. Periodic in vivo body fat mass was measured. On sacrifice, pancreas, liver, and abdominal adipose tissues were collected for various staining tests.Results: D-Psicose prevented the commencement and progression of T2DM till 60 weeks through the

  6. Effect of magnesium ion supplementation on obesity and diabetes mellitus in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats under excessive food intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Noriaki; Ito, Yoshimasa

    2013-01-01

    Several epidemiologic studies have found that magnesium ion (Mg²⁺) is related to obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, there have been almost no reports on the effects of a combination of excessive food intake and Mg²⁺ supplementation on metabolic syndrome and various blood tests values for diabetes mellitus. In this study, we investigated changes in body weight and blood test values for diabetes mellitus of Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model for human type 2 diabetes mellitus via metabolic syndrome, under conditions of combined excessive food intake and Mg²⁺ supplementation. The rats received Mg²⁺ supplementation by drinking magnesium water (Mg²⁺; 200 mg/l). No significant differences were observed in the levels of food or water intake between OLETF rats drinking purified water (PW) or magnesium water (MW). Type 2 diabetes mellitus with metabolic syndrome developed at 30 weeks of age, and the body weights and plasma insulin levels of OLETF rats at 60 weeks of age were lower than those of normal rats. The plasma glucose (PG) levels in 38-week-old OLETF rats drinking MW were significantly lower than in those of rats drinking PW, while the body weights and the levels of triglycerides (TG) and insulin of 38-week-old MW-drinking OLETF rats were significantly higher than those of their PW-drinking counterparts. On the other hand, the decreases in body weight and insulin levels in 60-week-old OLETF rats were suppressed by MW supplementation. The present study demonstrates that Mg²⁺ supplementation delays the development of diabetes mellitus in OLETF rats under conditions of excessive food intake. In addition, obesity and high blood TG levels were observed in OLETF rats receiving Mg²⁺ supplementation in conjunction with excessive food intake.

  7. Tissue distribution and excretion of myosmine after i.v. administration to Long-Evans rats using quantitative whole-body autoradiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glas, Susanna; Tyroller, Stefan; Zwickenpflug, Wolfgang; Richter, Elmar; Steiner, Kurt; Kiefer, Gudrun

    2007-01-01

    Occurrence of the tobacco alkaloid myosmine has been proven in various staple foods, vegetables and fruits. Myosmine can be easily activated by nitrosation yielding 4-hydroxy-1-(3-pyridyl)-butanone (HPB) and the esophageal carcinogen N'-nitrosonornicotine. Most of the reaction products after myosmine peroxidation were also identified as urinary metabolites after oral administration to rats. Whole-body autoradiography with freeze dried or multiple solvent extracted tissue sections was used to trace [2'- 14 C]myosmine (0.1 mCi/kg bw) 0.1, 0.25, 1, 4 and 24 h after i.v. injection in Long-Evans rats. In addition, in vitro binding of radioactivity to esophageal and eye tissue was determined and excretion of radioactivity via urine and feces was quantified. Radioactivity is rapidly eliminated by renal excretion. Approximately 30% of the administered radioactivity was recovered in urine within the first 4 h and excretion with urine (72%) and feces (15%) was nearly complete after 24 h. A rapid concentration of radioactivity can be seen in the stomach and in the salivary and lachrymal glands. Rats killed 1 and 4 h after treatment showed by far the highest labeling in the accessory genital gland. High levels of nonextractable radioactivity were present in esophageal tissue and melanin. The half lives for the disappearance of radioactivity from various tissues are in the order of about 1 h. Eye and esophagus sections both showed nonextractable labeling after in vitro incubation with 14 C-myosmine. In conclusion, the toxicological significance of myosmine accumulation in esophagus and accessory genital gland requires further investigations. Hair analysis might be applicable for myosmine biomonitoring, because of possible enrichment in melanin containing tissues. (orig.)

  8. Altered sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) volume in adult Long-Evans rats by dietary soy phytoestrogens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lund, T D; Rhees, R W; Setchell, K D; Lephart, E D

    2001-09-28

    Naturally occurring estrogen-like molecules in plants (phytoestrogens), present via soy, in animal diets can alter morphology and physiology in rodents. Phytoestrogens have the ability to bind estrogen receptors and exert many of the biological responses evoked by physiological estrogens. This study characterized the effects of dietary phytoestrogens on the expression of body and prostate weight, circulating testosterone and estradiol levels, puberty onset, vaginal cyclicity, and volume of the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) in Long-Evans rats. Using different experimental protocols, animals were fed either a phytoestrogen-rich (Phyto-600) or a phytoestrogen-free (Phyto-free) diet. Animals fed the Phyto-600 diet displayed significantly decreased body weights (in males and females), prostate weights and delayed puberty in females compared to that of animals fed the Phyto-free diet. Circulating testosterone or estradiol levels in males or estrous cyclicity were not altered by the diets. The volume of the SDN-POA was significantly altered by a change in diet at 80 days of age where one-half of the males or females fed the Phyto-600 diet (from birth) were switched to the Phyto-free diet until 120 days of age. Males initially fed a Phyto-600 diet but changed to a Phyto-free diet had significantly smaller SDN-POA volumes compared to males fed the Phyto-600 diet (long-term). These data suggest that consumption of phytoestrogens via a soy diet, significantly: (1) decreases body and prostate weight, (2) delays puberty onset, and (3) alters SDN-POA volumes during adulthood.

  9. An iron-deficient diet stimulates the onset of the hepatitis due to hepatic copper deposition in the Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugawara, Naoki; Sugawara, Chieko [Sapporo Medical Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Public Health

    1999-09-01

    To study effects of dietary Cu and Fe levels on the onset of hepatitis in Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, female rats (40 days old) were fed a semipurified diet containing 0.1 or 10 mg Cu/kg and 1.5 or 150 mg Fe/kg in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement for 35 days. At 75 days after birth, LEC rats (+Cu-Fe) fed a Cu-sufficient but Fe-deficient diet (Cu, 10 mg/kg; Fe, 1.5 mg/kg) showed jaundice, with lethargy, anorexia, and malaise. The biochemical variables relating to liver function were significantly increased compared to three other groups, a Cu- and Fe-deficient (-Cu-Fe) group, a Cu-deficient but Fe-sufficient (-Cu+Fe) group, and a Cu and Fe sufficient (+Cu+Fe) group. Furthermore, the +Cu-Fe rat liver showed massive necrosis with huge nuclei. The other three groups presented no biochemical and histological findings of hepatitis. Hepatic Cu and metallothionein concentrations were 289 {+-} 87 (mean {+-} SD) {mu}g/g liver and 8.7 {+-} 1.8 mg/g liver, respectively, in the +Cu-Fe rats. However, in the +Cu+Fe group the values were 196 {+-} 28 {mu}g Cu/g liver and 10.8 {+-} 1.0 mg/g liver. Hepatic Fe deposition was not influenced significantly by the dietary Cu level. The +Cu-Fe group with jaundice showed the highest free Cu concentration in the liver among the four groups, but the hepatic free Fe concentration was similar to those in the -Cu+Fe and +Cu+Fe groups. Our results indicate that an Fe-deficient diet enhances the deposition of hepatic Cu due to increased absorption of Cu from the gastrointestinal tract. This deposition stimulated the onset of hepatitis. (orig.)

  10. Decreased sexual motivation and heightened anxiety in male Long-Evans rats are correlated with the memory for a traumatic event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawley, Wayne R; Grissom, Elin M; Belkin, Mark N; James, Thomas F; Dohanich, Gary P

    2013-05-01

    Individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently report disturbances in sexual functioning in addition to alterations in their affective behaviors. Notably, maladaptive cognitions and dysfunctional behaviors are perpetuated by the emergence of the intrusive thoughts that characterize the disorder. In rats, reminders of a traumatic event designed to simulate intrusive thoughts are associated with impairments in affective, social, and sexual behaviors. The current study examined the relationship between the memory for a traumatic event and changes in sexual and affective behaviors in male Long-Evans rats (N = 36). The trauma featured a combination stressor consisting of simultaneous exposure to a footshock and the odor of soiled cat litter. Memory for the trauma was reactivated by re-exposures to the context of the trauma in the absence of stressors and confirmed by assessing the percentage of time spent freezing. Following the second and final reminder, traumatized males exhibited reduced sexual motivation and increased anxiety, signified by longer latencies to achieve their first mount on a post-stress test of sexual behavior, and longer latencies to begin feeding in a novel environment, respectively. Correlational analyses revealed that decreased sexual motivation and heightened anxiety were predicted by the memory for the trauma as indicated by the time spent freezing during the re-exposures. The findings from the current study have implications for understanding the relationship between stress and sexual functioning and indicate that the impairments in sexual behavior that often occur in individuals with PTSD may be impacted by their memory for the trauma.

  11. El polisulfuro de calcio en el manejo de la moniliasis Moniliophthora roreri (Cif & Par. Evans et al. del cacao Theobroma cacao L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ramírez González

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El cacao es severamente afectado por el hongo Moniliophthora roreri (Cif & Par. Evans et al., el cual daña los frutos y puede ocasionar pérdidas totales y su control es principalmente cultural. El objetivo del trabajo es determinar la efectividad del polisulfuro de calcio (PC como alternativa para su manejo. El patógeno fue aislado y cultivado in vitro y se evaluó el efecto del PC sobre la germinación y formación de conidias; en el campo, sobre frutos se asperjó PC antes y después de la inoculación con M. roreri y se determinó la incidencia e índices de severidad interna y externa. En una plantación de cacao se asperjó PC y se determinó su incidencia y producción. El PC in vitro inhibió el crecimiento y la formación de conidias; la aplicación de PC antes o después de la inoculación artificial con M. roreri sobre frutos inhibe completamente el desarrollo de la enfermedad; con aspersiones de PC en plantaciones de cacao la incidencia de la enfermedad fue de 0,53%, mientras que fue de 21% con manejo cultural y del 69,6% con testigo de inoculación natural; la producción de cacao seco/año fue de un 90,6% más con PC que en el testigo de inoculación natural, por lo que resulta viable integrar PC en el manejo deM. roreri.

  12. Carbon Stars T. Lloyd Evans

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    that the features used in estimating luminosities of ordinary giant stars are just those whose abundance ... This difference between the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of CH stars and the. J stars, which belong to .... that the first group was binaries, as for the CH stars of the solar vicinity, while those of the second group ...

  13. Carbon Stars T. Lloyd Evans

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Introduction. Carbon stars have been reviewed on several previous occasions, most recently by. Wallerstein & Knapp (1998). A conference devoted to this topic was held in 1996. (Wing 2000) and two meetings on AGB stars (Le Bertre et al. 1999; Kerschbaum et al. 2007) also contain much on carbon stars. This review ...

  14. Nicotine and ethanol co-use in Long-Evans rats: Stimulatory effects of perinatal exposure to a fat-rich diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatayev, Olga; Lukatskaya, Olga; Moon, Sang-Ho; Guo, Wei-Ran; Chen, Dan; Algava, Diane; Abedi, Susan; Leibowitz, Sarah F.

    2015-01-01

    Clinical studies demonstrate frequent co-existence of nicotine and alcohol abuse and suggest that this may result, in part, from the ready access to and intake of fat-rich diets. Whereas animal studies show that high-fat diet intake in adults can enhance the consumption of either nicotine or ethanol and that maternal consumption of a fat-rich diet during pregnancy increases operant responding for nicotine in offspring, little is known about the impact of dietary fat on the co-abuse of these two drugs. The goal of this study was to test in Long-Evans rats the effects of perinatal exposure to fat on the co-use of nicotine and ethanol, using a novel paradigm that involves simultaneous intravenous (IV) self-administration of these two drugs. Fat- vs. chow-exposed offspring were characterized and compared, first in terms of their nicotine self-administration behavior, then in terms of their nicotine/ethanol self-administration behavior, and lastly in terms of their self-administration of ethanol in the absence of nicotine. The results demonstrate that maternal consumption of fat compared to low-fat chow during gestation and lactation significantly stimulates nicotine self-administration during fixed-ratio testing. It also increases nicotine/ethanol self-administration during fixed-ratio and dose-response testing, with BEC elevated to 120 mg/dL, and causes an increase in breakpoint during progressive ratio testing. Of particular note is the finding that rats perinatally exposed to fat self-administer significantly more of the nicotine/ethanol mixture as compared to nicotine alone, an effect not evident in the chow-control rats. After removal of nicotine from the nicotine/ethanol mixture, this difference between the fat- and chow-exposed rats was lost, with both groups failing to acquire the self-administration of ethanol alone. Together, these findings suggest that perinatal exposure to a fat-rich diet, in addition to stimulating self-administration of nicotine, causes

  15. The effects of herbal composition Gambigyeongsinhwan (4) on hepatic steatosis and inflammation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats and HepG2 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Seolah; Kim, Jeongjun; Lee, Hyunghee; Lee, Haerim; Lim, Jonghoon; Yang, Heejeong; Shin, Soon Shik; Yoon, Michung

    2017-01-04

    Hepatic steatosis has risen rapidly in parallel with a dramatic increase in obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether the herbal composition Gambigyeongsinhwan (4) (GGH(4)), composed of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), Alnus japonica (Thunb.) Steud. (Betulaceae), and the fermented traditional Korean medicine Massa Medicata Fermentata, regulates hepatic steatosis and inflammation. The effects of GGH(4) on hepatic steatosis and inflammation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats and HepG2 cells were examined using Oil red O, hematoxylin and eosin, and toluidine blue staining, immunohistochemistry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) transactivation assay. Administration of GGH(4) to OLETF rats improved hepatic steatosis and lowered serum levels of alanine transaminase, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acids. GGH(4) increased mRNA levels of fatty acid oxidation enzymes (ACOX, HD, CPT-1, and MCAD) and decreased mRNA levels of lipogenesis genes (FAS, ACC1, C/EBPα, and SREBP-1c) in the liver of OLETF rats. In addition, infiltration of inflammatory cells and expression of inflammatory cytokines (CD68, TNFα, and MCP-1) in liver tissue were reduced by GGH(4). Treatment of HepG2 cells with a mixture of oleic acid and palmitoleic acid induced significant lipid accumulation, but GGH(4) inhibited lipid accumulation by regulating the expression of hepatic fatty acid oxidation and lipogenic genes. GGH(4) also increased PPARα reporter gene expression. These effects of GGH(4) were similar to those of the PPARα activator fenofibrate, whereas the PPARα antagonist GW6471 reversed the inhibitory effects of GGH(4) on lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells. These results suggest that GGH(4) inhibits obesity-induced hepatic steatosis and that this process may be mediated by regulation of the expression of PPARα target genes and lipogenic genes. GGH(4) also suppressed obesity

  16. Exercise training has a long-lasting effect on prevention of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shima, K; Shi, K; Mizuno, A; Sano, T; Ishida, K; Noma, Y

    1996-04-01

    Exercise training has been shown to be effective in preventing the development of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in a model rat (Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty [OLETF]). For determination of how long a preventive effect of exercise training against the development of NIDDM lasts in this model, six male OLETF rats each were assigned to training (1) for a whole experimental period, from 7 to 28 weeks of age (E-E); (2) for the first half of the period, from 7 to 15 weeks of age (E-S); and (3) for the second half of the period, from 16 to 28 weeks of age (S-E). In addition, eight male OLETF rats were given no exercise during the experimental period (S-S). At 28 weeks of age, E-E, E-S, S-E, and S-S rats, weighed averages of 514, 542, 557, and 669 g and had abdominal fat deposits of 13.9, 21.3, 38.2, and 76.0 g, respectively. At 28 weeks of age, the cumulative incidence of NIDDM in S-S was 100%, while none of the trained rats were diabetic. The glucose infusion rate (GIR) during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp test, an index of insulin sensitivity, in the E-E group was significantly greater than that in the S-S group. The values in the E-S and S-E groups were slightly, but not significantly, less than that in the E-E group. Morphologic studies on the pancreas of E-E rats and S-E rats showed minimal changes of islets, whereas sections of islets from E-S rats appeared slightly enlarged and fibrotic, although significantly less than those of islets of S-S rats. These results demonstrate that the preventive effect of excercise training against the development of NIDDM lasts for at least 3 months after the cessation of exercise in this model.

  17. Circadian disruption affects initial learning but not cognitive flexibility in an automated set-shifting task in adult Long-Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Audrey L; Balachandran, Rekha C; Mahoney, Megan M; Eubig, Paul A

    2017-10-01

    A sizeable percent of adults are subject to circadian disturbances such as shift work, which involves misalignment of time of light exposure, activity periods, sleep, and eating. Chronic adherence to disruptive circadian schedules can negatively impact cognitive functioning. Developing preclinical models of circadian disruption allow investigation of the relationship and underlying mechanisms between circadian disruption and cognitive functioning. We placed adult Long-Evans rats of both sexes on a 12:12h light:dark schedule in which rats performed an automated operant-behavior task for 3months, with daily testing occurring either 4h after lights-on or lights-off. At the end of this period, rats were tested on an automated set-shifting task to compare the effects of the 2 testing schedules on cognitive flexibility, which is the focus of this report. Over the initial 3-month period, day-tested rats shifted to a diurnal activity schedule, with males shifting more effectively than females, while night-tested rats remained nocturnal. Upon beginning the set-shifting task, night-tested rats took longer to reach criterion performance in the initial, visual-cue detection stage as compared to day-tested rats. The groups did not differ in performance on subsequent egocentric-cue based and reversal phases. Sex-related differences in task performance unrelated to testing schedule, particularly longer latencies to lever press in females, were also detected. One possible explanation for our findings is that the night-tested rats also experienced a form of circadian disruption when they were exposed to ambient light during the daily testing sessions, and that the form they experienced was more detrimental to initial acquisition of the task than testing during the light phase. Subsequent experiments will incorporate a night-tested group that is not exposed to ambient light in order to better understand the effect seen in the night-tested rats in the current study. Copyright © 2017

  18. In vitro autoradiography of ionotropic glutamate receptors in hippocampus and striatum of aged Long-Evans rats: relationship to spatial learning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallagher, M. [Curriculum in Neurobiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Bizon, J.L. [Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Nicolle, M.M. [Curriculum in Neurobiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    1996-08-02

    Using in vitro autoradiography, we investigated [{sup 3}H]{alpha}-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate, [{sup 3}H]kainate and [{sup 3}H]N-methyl-d-aspartate binding in two forebrain regions, the hippocampus and striatum, of young (four months of age) and aged (24-25 months of age) Long-Evans rats that had previously been tested for spatial learning ability in the Morris water maze. Although there was substantial preservation of binding in the aged rats, reductions in binding were present in the aged rats that were specific to ligand and anatomical region. In the hippocampus of aged rats, [{sup 3}H]{alpha}-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate binding in CA1 and [{sup 3}H]kainate binding in CA3 were reduced. In contrast, N-methyl-d-aspartate binding was not significantly different between age groups. There was evidence of sprouting in the dentate gyrus molecular layer of aged rats, indicated by changes in the topography of [{sup 3}H]kainate binding. Binding density was analysed with respect to patch/matrix compartmentalization in the striatum. The most striking result was a large decrease in N-methyl-d-aspartate binding in aged rats that was not limited to any dorsal/ventral or patch/matrix area of the striatum. Additionally, [{sup 3}H]kainate binding in striatal matrix was modestly reduced in aged rats. Of these age effects, only N-methyl-d-aspartate binding in the striatum and [{sup 3}H]kainate binding in the CA3 region of the hippocampus were correlated with spatial learning, with lower binding in the aged rats associated with better spatial learning ability.Age-related alterations in ionotropic glutamate receptors differ with respect to the receptor subtype and anatomical region examined. The age effects were not neccessarily indicative of cognitive decline, as only two age-related binding changes were correlated with spatial learning. Interestingly, in these instances, lower binding in the aged rats was associated with preserved spatial

  19. Antihyperglycemic, insulin-sensitivity and anti-hyperlipidemic potential of Ganoderma lucidum, a dietary mushroom, on alloxan- and glucocorticoid-induced diabetic Long-Evans rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Moklesur Rahman Sarker

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum is a well-known and popular edible mushroom eaten as vegetables all over the world. It has been used as alternative medicine for long years in China, Korea, Japan, Malaysia, and in eastern Russia. It is reported to exhibit a number of medicinal properties including antitumor, antioxidant, immunomodulating, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and hypoglycemic activities due to the presence of bioactive polysaccharide. Glucocorticoids, prescribed for the treatment of arthritis to protect inflammation and reduce pain, can induce hyperglycemia or aggravate the hyperglycemic condition reaching to very high glucose levels in diabetic patients. However, no report has been published for its activity on glucocorticoid-induced diabetes. Objective: To investigate the effect of Ganoderma lucidum on alloxan- and glucocorticoid- induced diabetes in Long-Evans rats. Methods: Alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/kg was intraperitoneally administered to Long-Evans rats as a single dose. The same volume of normal saline was injected to control rats. Three days after alloxan injection, rats with plasma glucose levels higher than 12 mmoL /L were considered as diabetic and they were included in the study. Reishi mushroom was collected from the Mushroom Development Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh, where it was identified by a Taxonomist. Petroleum ether extract (PEE Methanol extract (ME were prepared by maceration and distillation techniques. The extracts were orally administered once in a day at doses of 200, 400, 600 and 800 mg/kg, respectively for 7 days. Metformin (150 mg/kg was orally administered as a standard antidiabetic drug. Glucose levels were measured at 0 and 7th days of treatment. The rats were allowed to rest for 1 week without treatment. The animals were again injected with dexamethasone (2 mg/kg through intra-muscular route for 3 days and glucose levels were monitored regularly. Rats were

  20. Chronic MK-801 Application in Adolescence and Early Adulthood: A Spatial Working Memory Deficit in Adult Long-Evans Rats But No Changes in the Hippocampal NMDA Receptor Subunits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libor Uttl

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of NMDA receptors in learning, memory and hippocampal function has long been recognized. Post-mortem studies have indicated that the expression or subunit composition of the NMDA glutamate receptor subtype might be related to the impaired cognitive functions found in schizophrenia patients. NMDA receptor antagonists have been used to develop animal models of this disorder. There is accumulating evidence showing that not only the acute but also the chronic application of NMDA receptor antagonists may induce schizophrenia-like alterations in behavior and brain functions. However, limited evidence is available regarding the consequences of NMDA receptor blockage during periods of adolescence and early adulthood. This study tested the hypothesis that a 2-week treatment of male Long-Evans and Wistar rats with dizocilpine (MK-801; 0.5 mg/kg daily starting at postnatal days (PD 30 and 60 would cause a long-term cognitive deficit and changes in the levels of NMDA receptor subunits. The working memory version of the Morris water maze (MWM and active place avoidance with reversal on a rotating arena (Carousel requiring cognitive coordination and flexibility probed cognitive functions and an elevated-plus maze (EPM was used to measure anxiety-like behavior. The western blot method was used to determine changes in NMDA receptor subunit levels in the hippocampus. Our results showed no significant changes in behaviors in Wistar rats. Slightly elevated anxiety-like behavior was observed in the EPM in Long-Evans rats with the onset of treatment on PD 30. Furthermore, Long-Evans rats treated from PD 60 displayed impaired working memory in the MWM. There were; however, no significant changes in the levels of NMDA receptor subunits because of MK-801 administration. These findings suggest that a 2-week treatment starting on PD 60 in Long-Evans rats leads to long-term changes in working memory, but this deficit is not paralleled by changes in NMDA receptor

  1. Analysis of sensitivity to MK-801 treatment in a novel active allothetic place avoidance task and in the working memory version of the Morris water maze reveals differences between Long-Evans and Wistar rats

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valeš, Karel; Bubeníková-Valešová, V.; Klement, Daniel; Stuchlík, Aleš

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 4 (2006), s. 383-388 ISSN 0168-0102 R&D Projects: GA MZd(CZ) NL7684; GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0517; GA MŠk(CZ) LC554; GA ČR(CZ) GP309/03/P126; GA ČR(CZ) GA309/06/1231 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50110509 Keywords : Wistar/Long-Evans rats * MK-801 * cognition Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 1.953, year: 2006

  2. On the large subgroups of O(n-1,1) and a result by Kowalsky and Witte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrangenaru, Vic

    2013-02-01

    One shows that the maximal Lie subgroups of the Lorentz group O(n-1,1) of first and second largest possible dimensions are the groups of Lorentz transformations that leave invariant a vector hyperplane in the Minkowski space. One also shows that the only Lorentz manifolds that admit an almost simple transitive group of isometries with a noncompact stabilizer are the de-Sitter and the anti de-Sitter spaces.

  3. University of Geneva honours LHC project leader Lyn Evans at 450th anniversary ceremony. The honorary degrees, which recognize endeavours in human rights and in fostering dialogue between nations, were also awarded to Mary Robinson, Desmond Tutu, as well as Pascal Lamy .

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    University of Geneva honours LHC project leader Lyn Evans at 450th anniversary ceremony. The honorary degrees, which recognize endeavours in human rights and in fostering dialogue between nations, were also awarded to Mary Robinson, Desmond Tutu, as well as Pascal Lamy .

  4. Reply to the comments by J.H. Evans about two papers 'Thermal treatment of UO2 irradiated in a pressurized water reactor: swelling and release of fission gases' and 'Microstructural analysis and modelling of intergranular swelling of an irradiated UO2 fuel treated at high temperature' by I. Zacharie, S. Lansiart, P. Combette, M. Trotabas, M. Coster and M. Groos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Combette, P.; Zacharie, I.

    1999-01-01

    The work conducted by Zacharie et al. on the basis of Brownian bubble movement at the grain boundaries provides a good explanation for the intergranular swelling. It also explains why xenon is transported by diffusion and accounts for the observed fission gas release. The mechanism proposed by Evans (ibid., vol.275, p.108-11, 1999) is nevertheless interesting, since it associates Xe release and intragranular swelling

  5. Herbal composition Gambigyeongsinhwan (4) from Curcuma longa, Alnus japonica, and Massa Medicata Fermentata inhibits lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells and regulates obesity in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roh, Jong Sung; Lee, Hyunghee; Woo, Sangee; Yoon, Miso; Kim, Jeongjun; Park, Sun Dong; Shin, Soon Shik; Yoon, Michung

    2015-08-02

    Adipocyte lipid accumulation due to impaired fatty acid oxidation causes adipocyte hypertrophy and adipose tissue increment, leading to obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the antiobesity effects of the herbal composition Gambigyeongsinhwan (4) (GGH(4)) composed of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), Alnus japonica (Thunb.) Steud. (Betulaceae), and the fermented traditional Korean medicine Massa Medicata Fermentata. The effects of GGH(4) and the individual components on lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and body weight gain in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats were examined using Oil red O staining, hematoxylin and eosin staining, quantitative real-time PCR, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) transactivation assay. GGH(4), individual components, and an active principle of Curcuma longa curcumin inhibited lipid accumulation and mRNA levels of adipocyte-specific genes (PPARγ, aP2, and C/EBPα) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes compared with control cells. Treatment with GGH(4), the individual components or curcmumin increased mRNA levels of mitochondrial (CPT-1, MCAD, and VLCAD) and peroxisomal (ACOX and thiolase) PPARα target genes. GGH(4) and the individual components also increased PPARα reporter gene expression compared with control cells. These effects were most prominent in GGH(4)-treated cells. However, the PPARα antagonist GW6471 reversed the inhibitory effects of GGH(4) on adipogenesis. An in vivo study showed that GGH(4) decreased body weight gain, adipose tissue mass, and visceral adipocyte size with increasing mRNA levels of adipose tissue PPARα target genes in OLETF rats. These results demonstrate that GGH(4) has an antiobesity effects through the inhibition of adipocyte lipid accumulation, and this process may be mediated in part through adipose PPARα activation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Kwashiorkor and Intellectual Development | Evans | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Forty Cape Coloured children who had been hospitalized for kwashiorkor in infancy were compared with their siblings on an intelligence test battery at the 10th ... groups found by previous investigators may be accounted for by the independent operation of non-nutritive variables in the social and emotional environment.

  7. Cardiovascular Ultrasound of Neonatal Long Evans Rats ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    This abstract describes the use of a relatively new technology, cardiovascular ultrasound (echocardiography) for evaluating developmental toxicity affecting heart development. The abstract describes the effects of two known cardiac teratogens, trichloroacetic acid and dimethadione, and their effects as determined by echocardiography. This abstract describes the use and development of a relatively new technology, cardiovascular ultrasound (echocardiography) for evaluating developmental toxicity affecting heart development.

  8. Craniofacial form is altered by chronic adult exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD in Han/Wistar and Long–Evans rats with different aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina B. Sholts

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mammalian bone has shown a variety of responses to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD exposure in experimental and wildlife studies. Although many responses have been well characterized in the postcranial skeleton, dioxin-induced effects on the cranium are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of chronic adult exposure to TCDD on cranial size and shape in dioxin-resistant Han/Wistar (H/W and dioxin-sensitive Long–Evans (L–E rat strains. Three-dimensional landmark configurations for the face, vault, and base of the cranium were recorded and analyzed using geometric morphometrics (GM and dose–response modeling. The strongest effects were shown by L–E and H/W rats with daily exposures of 100 and 1000 ng TCDD/kg bw/day, respectively, resulting in significant reductions in centroid size (CS in all three cranial modules for both strains except for the vault in H/W rats. Consistent with previous evidence of intraspecific variation in TCDD resistance, the benchmark doses (CEDs for cranial size reduction in L–E rats were roughly 10-fold lower than those for H/W rats. For both strains, the face showed the greatest size reduction from the highest doses of TCDD (i.e., 3.6 and 6.3% decreases in H/W and L–E rats, respectively, most likely related to dose-dependent reductions in limb bone size and body weight gain. However, intrinsic morphological differences between strains were also observed: although the control groups of H/W and L–E rats had vaults and bases of comparable size, the face was 6.4% larger in L–E rats. Thus, although H/W rats possess an altered aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR that appears to mediate and provides some resistance to TCDD exposure, their smaller reductions in facial size may also relate to strain-specific patterns of cranial development and growth. Future research will be aimed at understanding how ontogenetic factors may modulate toxic effects of prenatal and lactational exposure on

  9. Reversible uranyl fluoride nephrotoxicity in the Long Evans rat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diamond, G.L.; Morrow, P.E.; Panner, B.J.; Gelein, R.M.; Baggs, R.B.

    1989-01-01

    Severity and duration of renal injury produced by low levels of uranyl fluoride (UO2F2) were examined in the rat. Rats received multiple ip injections of UO2F2 (cumulative dose: 0.66 or 1.32 mg U/kg body wt). Renal injury was characterized histologically by cellular and tubular necrosis of pars recta of proximal tubule (S2 and S3), with less severe cellular injury to thick ascending limb of loop of Henle and collecting tubule. Injury was evident when renal uranium levels were between 0.7 and 1.4 micrograms U/g wet kidney and was most severe when renal uranium burden was between 3.4 and 5.6 micrograms U/g. Repair of injury was rapid, with complete restoration within 35 days after exposure. Associated with injury were abnormalities in renal function, including impaired tubular reabsorption, proteinuria, and enzymuria, which appeared temporally related, to variable degrees, to progression of renal injury. Thus, reversible renal injury occurs in the rat at levels of uranium in kidney below the present Nuclear Regulatory Commission standard of 3 micrograms U/g kidney for renal injury in humans

  10. Dualistlikud juhid : edukas toimetulek paradoksidega / Paul A. L Evans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Evans, Paul A. L

    2001-01-01

    INSEAD'i juhtimisprofessor väidab, et juhtidele esitatud väljakutse seisneb vastandite vahel manööverdamises. Juhtimise 11 paradoksi. Artikkel tõlgitud raamatust "Management 21C: Someday we'll all manage this way", 2000

  11. Diplodia natalensis Pole Evans, the causal agent of citrus gummosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The isolation media used were 1.5 per cent water agar, 1.5 per cent water agar + nystatin, and 1.5 per cent water agar + benomyl. ... When the isolates were tested for pathogenicity, only D. natalensis induced the disease symptoms in the inoculated 18-month-old rough lemon seedlings which were incubated after ...

  12. DCS Terrain for Evans County GA MapMod08

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Terrain data, as defined in FEMA Guidelines and Specifications, Appendix M: Data Capture Standards, describes the digital topographic data that was used to create...

  13. OrthoImagery Submission for Evans County, GA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — NAIP imagery is available for distribution within 60 days of the end of a flying season and is intended to provide current information of agricultural conditions in...

  14. Potential antifungal activity of Cladonia aff. rappii A. Evans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia M. Plaza

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Context: Lichen is a self-supporting symbiotic organism composed of a fungus and an algal partner. They have manifold biological activities like antiviral, antibiotic, antioxidant, antitumor, allergenic and inhibition of plant growth. Species of Cladonia, have been studied by its antifungal activity. Aims: To evaluate the antifungal activity determination of Cladonia aff. rappii against five yeasts, four of genus Candida and one Cryptococcus, using water, ethanol and dichloromethane extracts. Methods: The evaluation of the antifungal activity was developed by three diffusion methods such as spot-on-a-lawn, disc diffusion and well diffusion. Additionally, the values of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC and the minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC were determined. Results: Based on the experimental results obtained, the best antifungal activity was using ethanol extract at 20 mg/mL against Candida albicans, applying the three diffusion methods above mentioned. With ethanol extract, the lower MIC was against Candida glabrata and the lower MFC were with Candida glabrata, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis. The dichloromethane extract presented the lowest MIC and MFC against C. neoformans. Not activity was observed with aqueous extract. Conclusions: The present study revealed antifungal and fungicidal activity in the extract of lichen Cladonia aff. rappii.

  15. Postmodern Vexations: A Reply to Meyer and Evans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Dianne L.; Ferguson, Philip M.

    1993-01-01

    This commentary on EC 608 302, which discusses behavioral research methodology involving individuals with developmental disabilities, argues that a clear distinction must be made between methods and models, there is a need for more broadly focused intervention studies considering the body of applied practical knowledge, and differences in research…

  16. Meie igapäevane paanika / Ott Karulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karulin, Ott, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Kahest Vanemuise teatri lavastusest Tartus - Saksa Kultuuri Instituudis etendunud Ingvar Ambjornseni-Axel Hellsteniuse "Elling" Ain Mäeotsa lavastuses ja Laura Cunninghami "Beautiful Bodies" Vanemuises, lavastaja Jüri Lumiste

  17. SINK OR SWIM? DEBT REVIEW'S AMBIVALENT "LIFELINE" ---- A SECOND SEQUEL TO "… A TALE OF TWO JUDGMENTS" NEDBANK V ANDREWS (240/2011 2011 ZAECPEHC 29 (10 May 2011; FIRSTRAND BANK LTD V EVANS 2011 4 SA 597 (KZD AND FIRSTRAND BANK LTD V JANSE VAN RENSBURG 2012 2 All SA 186 (ECP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L Steyn

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The interface between the National Credit Act 34 of 2005 and the Insolvency Act 24 of 1936 has been the object of our courts' attention in a number of recent cases including Ex parte Ford and Two Similar Cases 2009 3 SA 376 (WCC, Investec Bank Ltd v Mutemeri 2010 1 SA 265 (GSJ, Naidoo v ABSA Bank Ltd 2010 4 SA 597 (SCA and, more recently, Nedbank v Andrews (240/2011 2011 ZAECPEHC 29 (10 May 2011, FirstRand Bank Ltd v Evans 2011 4 597 (KZD and FirstRand Bank Ltd v Janse van Rensburg 2012 2 All SA 186 (ECP. The question raised in all of the three most recent cases was whether or not a debtor's application for debt review in terms of the National Credit Act constitutes an "act of insolvency" in terms of section 8 of the Insolvency Act, upon which a creditor may rely in an application for the compulsory sequestration of the debtor's estate. If it does, it would mean that by resorting to the debt relief measures provided by the National Credit Act a debtor commits the very act on which a creditor may base an application for a sequestration order which, if granted, will render the debtor's estate insolvent and bring about the liquidation of his assets. From the debtor's perspective, this is probably precisely the situation that he seeks to avert by applying for debt review. Further, sequestration would frustrate the stated purpose of the National Credit Act, which is that debtors should take responsibility for their debts by satisfying them in full. Concurrent creditors might also ultimately receive a dividend which falls far short of what is due to them. The question of whether a debtor's resorting to debt review may or should be the very act that triggers his estate's sequestration and its attendant consequences is an important issue, the treatment of which impacts significantly on the efficacy of the South African consumer debt relief system. This article analyses the most recent judgments and considers whether or not statutory regulation of the

  18. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France - signature rights

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2009-01-01

    In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel on to their territories. Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply. Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Protocoles d’accueil. Kirsti ASPOLA Oliver BRÜNING Inger CARRIERO Michelle CONNOR Lyndon EVANS Nathalie GRUB David JACOBS Tadeusz KURTYKA Jean-Pol MATHEYS Catherine NEDERMAN Chris ONIONS Connie POTTER Jeanne ROSTANT Ulla TIHINEN Emmanuel TSESMELIS Rüdiger VOSS The French and Swiss Authorities will reject any request signed by a person who is not on this list. We would like to remind you that in accordance with the memorandum of 7 December 2000 issued by the Director of the Administration, (ref. DG/DA/00-119), "the Organization shall not request any legitimisat...

  19. Evans functions and bifurcations of nonlinear waves of some nonlinear reaction diffusion equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Linghai

    2017-10-01

    The main purposes of this paper are to accomplish the existence, stability, instability and bifurcation of the nonlinear waves of the nonlinear system of reaction diffusion equations ut =uxx + α [ βH (u - θ) - u ] - w, wt = ε (u - γw) and to establish the existence, stability, instability and bifurcation of the nonlinear waves of the nonlinear scalar reaction diffusion equation ut =uxx + α [ βH (u - θ) - u ], under different conditions on the model constants. To establish the bifurcation for the system, we will study the existence and instability of a standing pulse solution if 0 1; the existence and instability of two standing wave fronts if 2 (1 + αγ) θ = αβγ and 0 0 is a positive constant, if 0 mathematical neuroscience.

  20. Ülev ja igapäevane = The sublime and the everyday / Kaja Pae

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pae, Kaja

    2015-01-01

    Eesti linnade suurima elanike tihedusega piirkonnad on vabaplaneeringu alad. Paneelelamupiirkondade avalik ruum on jäänud lõpetamata, valmis on ehitatud kortermajad, koolid ja lasteaiad ning suurem infrastruktuur, kuid majadevahelise vaba ruumi täpsema läbimõtestamiseni pole jõutud.Tartu linnavalitsus korraldas 2014. aastal Annelinna visioonikonkursi, et planeeringulisi võimalusi edasi arendada ja avalikku ruumi parandada.

  1. A Short History of Laos, the Land in Between, Grant Evans

    OpenAIRE

    Doré, Amphay

    2013-01-01

    L’ouvrage comprend une préface, des remerciements, une note sur le système de transcription et sur la définition des termes « Lao » et « Laos », un petit glossaire et une liste d’abréviations. Le texte se répartit en six chapitres : 1. « Before Laos » ; 2. « Le Laos français » ; 3. « The Royal Lao Government (RLG) » ; 4. « War and the destruction of the RLG » ; 5. « The Lao People’s Democratic Republic » ; et 6. « Laos in the modern world ». Dans sa préface, l’auteur rappelle que le Laos est ...

  2. Exposure to Novelty Weakens Conditioned Fear in Long-Evans Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Matthew J.; Burpee, Tara E.; Wall, Matthew J.; McGraw, Justin J.

    2013-01-01

    The present study sought to determine whether post-training exposure to a novel or familiar object, encountered in either the location of the original fear conditioning (black compartment of a passive avoidance {PA} chamber) or in a neutral setting (open field where initial object training had occurred) would prove capable of reducing fear at…

  3. A word from Lyn Evans:
    A sprint to the finish

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Most people consider that the starting point for the LHC was a meeting organised by the European Committee for Future Accelerators in Lausanne in March 1984, even though quite a few of us at CERN had already begun work on the design in 1981. Since that time this truly unique machine has moved from a dream to a reality. With its ‘two in one’ magnet structure cooled by superfluid helium for operation at 1.9 K, the LHC is like no other particle collider. In a very real sense, the LHC is its own prototype. Other colliders have either consisted of two rings to accelerate and store two beams of particles, as in the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR) here at CERN, or they have stored particles and their antiparticles travelling in opposite directions with a single ring, as we did with the Large Electron-Positron (LEP) collider. In addition, the LHC is the first accelerator in which the superconducting magnets have been cooled as low as 1...

  4. Ajaleheturul on 70% allahindlus igapäevane / Eda-Liis Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kann, Eda-Liis, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Selle asemel, et ametlikult reklaamihinda langetada pakuvad ajalehed reklaamiandjatele ülisuuri soodustusi. Kommenteerivad Enn Parel, Aavo Kokk, Andrus Vaher, Priit Leito, Erik Roose, Ruta Kallaspoolik, Toomas Tiivel, Lauri-Hillar Talve

  5. Lutheri kvartalisse rajatakse 180 korteriga tänapäevane elurajoon / Piret Peensoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peensoo, Piret

    2005-01-01

    Alustatakse endise Tallinna vineeri- ja mööblivabriku renoveerimist moodsaks kortermajaks. Kavand ARS Projektilt, sisearhitekt Eero Jürgenson. 1912. a. insener Aleksei Bubõri ja arhitekt Nikolai Vassiljevi projekti järgi ehitatud tööstushoonesse ja siseõuele rajatavasse ridaelamusse tulevatest korteritest. Muinsuskaitsja Boris Duboviku kommentaar. Lisaks repro kvartali välisvaatega ARS Projektilt

  6. PLA Philosophy, Policy, and Practice Implications: Revisiting the 2009 Hoffman, Travers, Evans, and Treadwell Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Travers, Nan L.

    2013-01-01

    The heart of prior learning assessment (PLA) is the quality and validity of the academic evaluation process itself. Institutions providing PLA opportunities are faced with issues of accountability from all constituents: students, faculty, state systems, and accrediting agencies. Increasingly, institutions are more and more accepting of different…

  7. Tissue time course and bioavailability of the pyrethroid insecticide bifenthrin in the Long-Evans rat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bifenthrin is a pyrethroid insecticide and human exposure to it can occur by oral, pulmonary and dermal routes. Pyrethroids are neurotoxic agents and it is generally believed that the parent pyrethroid is the toxic entity. This study evaluated the oral disposition and bioavaila...

  8. Age-related changes in the acoustic startle reflex in Fischer 344 and Long Evans rats

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rybalko, Natalia; Bureš, Zbyněk; Burianová, Jana; Popelář, Jiří; Poon, P. W. F.; Syka, Josef

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 12 (2012), s. 966-973 ISSN 0531-5565 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP304/12/1342; GA ČR(CZ) GBP304/12/G069; GA ČR(CZ) GCP303/11/J005 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50390512 Institutional support: RVO:68378041 Keywords : aging * acoustic startle response * prepulse inhibition Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 3.911, year: 2012

  9. Moniliophthora roreri (Cif y Par Evans et al. en el cultivo de cacao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando David Sánchez Mora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Más de un siglo, el cacao (Theobroma cacaoL. en el Ecuador ha sido fuente importante de ingresos para losagricultoresy de divisas para el país, llegando a ser uno de los exportadores más grandes a nivel mundial.Posteriormente, perdió paulatinamente ese estatus debido al ataque de enfermedades, entre ellas la moniliasiscausada por [Moniliophthoraroreri(Cif y ParEvanset al.]. Esta enfermedad puede causar daños hasta del80% en la producción. Actualmente no existe mucha información actualizada y científica, sobre su ocurrencia,sintomatología, etiología, epidemiología, ciclo de vida y manejo o estrategias de controlde la mencionadaenfermedad, por la tanto se realiza esta revisión con estos tópicos importantes, aportando con esto a esta áreadel conocimiento.

  10. Inpatient Behavioral Health Recapture A Busiess Case Analysis at Evans Army Community Hospital Fort Carson, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-20

    100 Clean Linen 60 60 Clean Supply 120 120 Equipment Storage 100 100 Patient Property Storage 40 40 Stretcher and Wheelchair Storage 80 80 Crash...D account/ancillary services). According to the medical expense and performance reporting system for fixed military medical and dental treatment...reporting system for fixed military medical and dental treatment facilities manual (2008), this account captures costs associated with depreciation

  11. Cyberbullying among children and adolescents – an overview on epidemiological studies and effective preventive programs

    OpenAIRE

    Capurso, Silva; Paradžik, Ljubica; Čale Mratović, Matija

    2017-01-01

    Bullying is defined as repeated aggressive behavior (Kowalski & Limber, 2007; Olweus, 1993, and as such has been recognized as a significant social issue. Furthermore, we know that the incidence of bullying behaviors increases with the students’ age (Cassidy, Jackson & Brown, 2009; Green-Forde, 2014; Kowalski & Limber, 2007). Cyber bullying, electronic/ online bullying, or online social cruelty is, according to Kowalski & Limber (2007), a relatively new kind of bullying through email, insta...

  12. Synonymic notes on North and Central American Lerodea Scudder and Corticea Evans (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae Notas sinonímicas sobre Lerodea Scudder and Corticea Evans das Américas do Norte e Central (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew D. Warren

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Lerodea dysaules Godman, 1900 is confirmed as a synonym of Lerodea arabus (W. H. Edwards, 1882. A lectotype for Lerodea dysaules is designated. Corticea similea (Bell, 1942, comb. nov. is removed from Lerodea Scudder, 1872.Lerodea dysaules Godman, 1900 é confirmada como sinônimo de Lerodea arabus (W. H. Edwards, 1882. Um lectótipo para Lerodea dysaules é designado. Corticea similea (Bell, 1942, comb. nov. é removida de Lerodea Scudder, 1872.

  13. Sex differences in diazepam effects and parvalbumin-positive GABA neurons in trait anxiety Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravenelle, Rebecca; Neugebauer, Nichole M; Niedzielak, Timothy; Donaldson, S Tiffany

    2014-08-15

    In clinical populations, prevalence rates for a number of anxiety disorders differ between males and females and gonadal hormones are thought to contribute to these differences. While these hormones have been shown to modulate the anxiolytic effects of the benzodiazepine agonist diazepam in some models, findings are inconsistent. Here, we tested for sex differences in response to anxiogenic stimuli following a 30-min diazepam (1.0mg/kg) pre-treatment in male and female rats showing high (HAn) and low (LAn) anxiety-like behavior on the elevated plus maze. Acute diazepam administration resulted in decreased anxiety-like behavior only in HAn males as demonstrated by a significant increase in percent open arm time in the elevated plus maze (EPM). Immunohistochemical analysis for parvalbumin (PV; a calcium-binding protein that selectively stains GABAergic neurons) in central amygdala (CeA), caudate putamen (CPu) and the hippocampus indicated the number of GABAergic interneurons in these areas differed across sex and anxiety trait. In the CPu, females had significantly more PV-immunoreactive (IR) cells than males, and LAn females had greater PV-IR neurons than HAn females. In the CeA, males displayed an increased number of PV-IR neurons compared to females, with no differences found between LAn and HAn. Further, trait differences were evident in the CA2 region of the hippocampus, regardless of sex. Taken together, these data suggest that gonadal hormones and trait anxiety may influence the sensitivity to the anti-anxiety effects of diazepam and these differences may be due in part to the distribution of GABA-containing interneurons. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Dorsal lateral geniculate substructure in the Long-Evans rat: A cholera toxin B-subunit study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire B. Discenza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The pigmented rat is an increasingly important model in visual neuroscience research, yet the lamination of retinal projections in the dLGN has not been examined in sufficient detail. From previous studies it was known that most of the rat dLGN receives monocular input from the contralateral eye, with a small island receiving predominantly ipsilateral projections. Here we revisit the question using cholera toxin B subunit (CTB, a tracer that efficiently fills retinal terminals after intra-ocular injection. We imaged retinal termini throughout the dLGN at 0.5 um resolution and traced areas of ipsilateral and contralateral terminals to obtain a high resolution 3D reconstruction of the projection pattern. Retinal termini in the dLGN are well segregated by eye of origin, as expected. We find, however, that the ipsilateral projections form multiple discrete projection zones in three dimensions, not the single island previously described. It remains to be determined whether these subdomains represent distinct functional sublaminae, as is the case in other mammals.

  15. Effects of Exercise Training and Social Environment on Stress Resilience in Male and Female Long-Evans Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    increased positive and reduced negative affect; reduced anxiety and depression; increased self - esteem ; improved memory, concentration, attention...CDC, 2008a). Exercise may be aerobic or anaerobic , and involve muscular strength and/or endurance. Aerobic exercise involves the supply and use...swimming, and walking. In contrast, anaerobic exercise does not rely on a continuous supply of oxygen to maintain physical activity. Common examples of

  16. Maternal liver docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) stores are increased via higher serum unesterified DHA uptake in pregnant long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metherel, Adam H; Kitson, Alex P; Domenichiello, Anthony F; Lacombe, R J Scott; Hopperton, Kathryn E; Trépanier, Marc-Olivier; Alashmali, Shoug M; Lin, Lin; Bazinet, Richard P

    2017-08-01

    Maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) supplies the developing fetus during pregnancy; however, the mechanisms are unclear. We utilized pregnant rats to determine rates of DHA accretion, tissue unesterified DHA uptake and whole-body DHA synthesis-secretion. Female rats maintained on a DHA-free, 2% α-linolenic acid diet were either:1) sacrificed at 56 days for baseline measures, 2) mated and sacrificed at 14-18 days of pregnancy or 3) or sacrificed at 14-18 days as age-matched virgin controls. Maternal brain, adipose, liver and whole body fatty acid concentrations was determined for balance analysis, and kinetic modeling was used to determine brain and liver plasma unesterified DHA uptake and whole-body DHA synthesis-secretion rates. Total liver DHA was significantly higher in pregnant (95±5 μmol) versus non-pregnant (49±5) rats with no differences in whole-body DHA synthesis-secretion rates. However, liver uptake of plasma unesterified DHA was 3.8-fold higher in pregnant animals compared to non-pregnant controls, and periuterine adipose DHA was lower in pregnant (0.89±0.09 μmol/g) versus non-pregnant (1.26±0.06) rats. In conclusion, higher liver DHA accretion during pregnancy appears to be driven by higher unesterified DHA uptake, potentially via DHA mobilization from periuterine adipose for delivery to the fetus during the brain growth spurt. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. ATRAZINE-INDUCED REPRODUCTIVE TRACT ALTERATIONS AFTER TRANSPLACENTAL AND LACTATIONAL EXPOSURE IN MALE LONG-EVANS RATS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studies showed that early postnatal exposure to the herbicide atrazine (ATR) delayed preputial separation (PPS) and increased incidence of prostate inflammation in adult Wistar rats. A cross-fostering paradigm was used in this study to determine if gestational exposure to ATR wou...

  18. The democratic experience in divided societies : the Baltic states in comparative perspective / Geoffrey Evans, Christine S Lipsmeyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Evans, Geoffrey

    2001-01-01

    Artiklis võrreldakse vähemusrahvuste rahulolu demokratiseerimisprotsessiga ning osalemist demokraatlikes protsessides kolmes Balti riigis ning kümnes Ida-Euroopa riigis 1990. aastail. Tabelid. Lisa: The surveys

  19. Summer Epiphytic Diatoms from Terra Nova Bay and Cape Evans (Ross Sea, Antarctica) - A Synthesis and Final Conclusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majewska, Roksana; Convey, Peter; De Stefano, Mario

    2016-01-01

    Despite recent advances in polar marine biology and related fields, many aspects of the ecological interactions that are crucial for the functioning of Antarctic shallow water habitats remain poorly understood. Although epiphytic diatoms play an essential role in the Antarctic marine food web, basic information regarding their ecology, biodiversity and biogeography is largely unavailable. Here, we synthesise studies on Ross Sea epiphytic diatoms collected during 11 summer Antarctic expeditions between the years 1989/90 and 2011/12, presenting a full list of diatom taxa associated with three macroalgal species (Iridaea cordata, Phyllophora antarctica, and Plocamium cartilagineum) and their epiphytic sessile fauna. Diatom communities found during the three summer months at various depths and sampling stations differed significantly in terms of species composition, growth form structure and abundances. Densities ranged from 21 to >8000 cells mm-2, and were significantly higher on the surface of epiphytic micro-fauna than on any of the macroalgal species examined. Generally, host organisms characterized by higher morphological heterogeneity (sessile microfauna, ramified Plocamium) supported richer diatom communities than those with more uniform surfaces (Iridaea). Differences between epiphytic communities associated with different macroalgae were reflected better in species composition than in growth form structure. The latter changed significantly with season, which was related strongly to the changing ice conditions. A general trend towards an increasing number of erect forms in deeper waters and tube-dwelling diatoms in the shallowest sites (2–5 m) was also observed. This study explores further important and largely previously unknown aspects of relationships and interactions between Antarctic epiphytic diatoms and their micro- and macro-environments. PMID:27078637

  20. Summer Epiphytic Diatoms from Terra Nova Bay and Cape Evans (Ross Sea, Antarctica)--A Synthesis and Final Conclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majewska, Roksana; Convey, Peter; De Stefano, Mario

    2016-01-01

    Despite recent advances in polar marine biology and related fields, many aspects of the ecological interactions that are crucial for the functioning of Antarctic shallow water habitats remain poorly understood. Although epiphytic diatoms play an essential role in the Antarctic marine food web, basic information regarding their ecology, biodiversity and biogeography is largely unavailable. Here, we synthesise studies on Ross Sea epiphytic diatoms collected during 11 summer Antarctic expeditions between the years 1989/90 and 2011/12, presenting a full list of diatom taxa associated with three macroalgal species (Iridaea cordata, Phyllophora antarctica, and Plocamium cartilagineum) and their epiphytic sessile fauna. Diatom communities found during the three summer months at various depths and sampling stations differed significantly in terms of species composition, growth form structure and abundances. Densities ranged from 21 to >8000 cells mm-2, and were significantly higher on the surface of epiphytic micro-fauna than on any of the macroalgal species examined. Generally, host organisms characterized by higher morphological heterogeneity (sessile microfauna, ramified Plocamium) supported richer diatom communities than those with more uniform surfaces (Iridaea). Differences between epiphytic communities associated with different macroalgae were reflected better in species composition than in growth form structure. The latter changed significantly with season, which was related strongly to the changing ice conditions. A general trend towards an increasing number of erect forms in deeper waters and tube-dwelling diatoms in the shallowest sites (2-5 m) was also observed. This study explores further important and largely previously unknown aspects of relationships and interactions between Antarctic epiphytic diatoms and their micro- and macro-environments.

  1. 3-päevane üliõpilastöö - "Roheline lava" = 3-day student project - "Green stage"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tutvustatakse Tallinna Tehnikakõrgkooli Arhitektuuri õppetooli õpitoa "Intelligentsed konstruktsioonid" raames 4. kursuse arhitektuuri ja ehituse eriala üliõpilaste kavandatud 11 "Rohelise lava" lahendust Tallinna lauluväljaku maa-alale. Üliõpilasi juhendasid Irina Raud ja Stefan Polonyi (Saksamaa)

  2. Acute and subchronic toxicity of inhaled toluene in male Long Evans rats: oxidative stress markers in brain

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Research interested in oxidative stress markers following exposure to VOCs. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Kodavanti , P., J. Royland ,...

  3. Dermatomiositis y síndrome de Evans asociado a infección por HTLV-1

    OpenAIRE

    Loja-Oropeza, David; Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza. Lima, Perú.; Zavala-Flores, Ernesto; Universidad de San Martín de Porres. Lima, Perú.; Vilca-Vasquez, Maricela; Policlínico San Luis. EsSALUD. Lima, Perú.

    2016-01-01

    A 55-year-old female patient, born in Ayacucho, with a history of dermatomyositis for 3 years, who received irregular treatment with prednisone. Two months prior to admission, she presented with autoinmune hemolytic anemia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. The patient received methylprednisolone pulse therapy and packed red blood cells transfusions. Upon admission, she was drowsy, with a poor overall status, marked weight loss, dehydration, with presence of livedo reticularis in her lo...

  4. V qn TK ,

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Obe

    TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT MODELS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES FOR. COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS OF ELECTRONIC TRANSDUCERS. BY. TADEUSZ SIDOR. DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING. UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA. (Received 27th April 1981). ABSTRACT. The paper presents ...

  5. Viis raamatutäit poola näidendeid / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Tõlkija Hendrik Lindepuult ilmus viies tõlkekogumik poola dramaturgia tippteoseid tutvustavast sarjast. Seekord said kaante vahele Tadeusz Rozewiczi näidendid "Valge abielu", "Lõks" ja "Vana naine haub"

  6. Poola luule ime / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Rozewicz, Tadeusz. Alati fragment / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2007 ; Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008 ; Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008

  7. Hendrik Lindepuu esitleb uusi tõlkeraamatuid poola kirjandusest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    16. nov. esitleti Poola Vabariigi saatkonnas Marcin Świetlicki romaani "Kaksteist" ja luulekogu "Profaani laulud" ning Tadeusz Różewiczi luulekogu "Valitud luuletused : 1945-1995", tõlkija Hendrik Lindepuu

  8. Nonfarm enterprises in rural Ethiopia: improving livelihoods by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nonfarm enterprises in rural Ethiopia: improving livelihoods by generating income and smoothing consumption? Julia Kowalski, Alina Lipcan, Katie McIntosh, Remy Smida, Signe Jung Sørensen, Ilana Seff, Dean Jolliffe ...

  9. Logic Programming in LISP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Rapport, Groupe Intelligence Pasero, R., Artificielle , Universite d’Aix-Marseille, Roussel, P. Luminy, France, 1973. [Kowalski 1974] Kowalski, R. A...THIS PAGZ(Whan Doee Es tMord) Item 20 (Cont’d) ------ work in the area of artificial intelligence and those used in general program development into a...logic programming with LISP for implementing intelligent data base query systems. Continued developments will allow for enhancements to be made to the

  10. Improved Therapeutic Regimens for Treatment of Post-Traumatic Ocular Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Ther 26:447-454, 2009. KOWALSKI33. RP, KOWALSKI BR, ROMANOWSKI EG, MAH FS, THOMPSON PP, GORDON YJ. The in vitro impact of moxifloxacin and...of endophthalmitis: the significance of drug combinations and synergy. Surv. Ophthalmol. 41, 395–401 (1997). 54 Mather R, Karenchak LM, Romanowski ...RP, Romanowski EG, Mah FS, Sasaki H, Fukuda M, Gordon YJ. A comparison of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin topical prophylaxis in a fluoroquinolone

  11. SEXUALLY DIMORPHIC LORDOSIS BEHAVIOR IS MORE SENSITIVE TO DISRUPTION BY DEVELOPMENTAL EXPOSURE TO ETHINYL ESTRADIOL THAN IS REPRODUCTIVE MORPHOLOGY IN THE LONG EVANS FEMALE RAT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthropogenic estrogens are pervasive in the environment. Although the effects of these xenoestrogens are controversial in humans, some fish species are adversely affected in contaminated ecosystems. While studies investigating endocrine disruptors typically focus on reproducti...

  12. The Effects of Nicotine on Antinociception in Male and Female Sprague-Dawley and Long-Evans Rats With and Without Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-01

    individuals believed in me and helped me pursue my dream of earning a graduate degree in Nursing while pursing a degree in Neuroscience as well. For their...chronic diseases with concomitant painful symptoms (e.g., fibromyalgia , rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative 3 joint disease) that may induce people to

  13. EXPOSURE TO DIETHYL HEXYL PHTHALATE (DEHP) DELAYS PUBERTY AND REDUCES ANDROGEN-DEPENDENT TISSUE WEIGHTS IN LONG EVANS HOODED AND SPRAGUE DAWLEY MALE RATS

    Science.gov (United States)

    DEHP is a plasticizer that alters sexual differentiation in the male rat by reducing fetal Leydig cell testosterone synthesis and insl3 mRNA levels. When exposure includes the pubertal stage of life, DEHP and other phthalates delay puberty and reduce androgen-dependent tissue wei...

  14. Pubertal administration of DEHP delays puberty, suppresses testosterone production and inhibits reproductive tract development in male Sprague-Dawley and Long-Evans Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    While is clear that exposure to high dosage levels of some phthalates delays the onset of puberty in the male rat it has been hypothesized that low levels of DEHP accelerate puberty by enhancing testicular androgen synthesis. The current study was designed to determine if the do...

  15. The Effects of Stress and Nicotine on Heart Histopathology Differ in Male and Female Sprague-Dawley and Long-Evans Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-08

    secondary blockade of these receptors (Ob.’"Uyemi~ Ahluwalia . & Harris. 2000). Nicotine dependence is central to smoking behavior and serves as the...damage associated with exposure to these drugs. Human studies It has been hypothesized that genetic differences in nicotinic receptors or nicotine...metabolism might playa role in smoking behavior. Twin studies indicate that smoking is determined partially by genetic factors. More specifically, there is a

  16. Four weeks' inhalation exposure of Long Evans rats to 4-tert-butyltoluene: Effect on evoked potentials, behaviour and brain neurochemistry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lam, Henrik Rye; Ladefoged, Ole; Østergaard, Grete

    2000-01-01

    and somatosensory evoked potentials were not affected by TBT In Auditory Brain Stem Response there was no shift in hearing threshold, but the amplitude of the first wave was increased in both exposed groups at high stimulus levels. Three to four months after the end of exposure, behavioural studies in Morris water...... maze and eight-arm maze failed to demonstrate any TBT induced effects. Exposure was followed by a 5 months exposure-free period prior to gross regional and subcellular (synaptosomal) neurochemical investigations of the brain. TBT reduced the NA concentration in whole brain minus cerebellum......, respectively. We hypothesise that a reduced yield of synaptosomal protein reflects a more general effect of organic solvent exposure on the software of the brain. The synaptosomal concentration per mg synaptosomal protein and the total amount of 5-hydroxytryptamine were not affected whereas the total amount...

  17. In the Footsteps of the Third Spanish Expedition: James Mackay and John T. Evans's Impact on the Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witte, Kevin C.

    2006-01-01

    The odyssey of the Lewis and Clark Expedition continues to capture the hearts of those who love tales of adventure and unknown lands. In light of the bicentennial celebration that began in 2003 and continued through 2006, the popularity and aggrandizement of Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and their Corps of Discovery has never been greater.…

  18. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) accretion in the placenta but not the fetus is matched by plasma unesterified DHA uptake rates in pregnant Long Evans rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metherel, Adam H; Kitson, Alex P; Domenichiello, Anthony F; Lacombe, R J Scott; Hopperton, Kathryn E; Trépanier, Marc-Olivier; Alashmali, Shoug M; Lin, Lin; Bazinet, Richard P

    2017-10-01

    Maternal delivery of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) to the developing fetus via the placenta is required for fetal neurodevelopment, and is the only mechanism by which DHA can be accreted in the fetus. The aim of the current study was to utilize a balance model of DHA accretion combined with kinetic measures of serum unesterified DHA uptake to better understand the mechanism by which maternal DHA is delivered to the fetus via the placenta. Female rats maintained on a 2% α-linolenic acid diet free of DHA for 56 days were mated, and for balance analysis, sacrificed at 18 days of pregnancy, and fetus, placenta and maternal carcass fatty acid concentration were determined. For tissue DHA uptake, pregnant dams (14-18 days) were infused for 5 min with radiolabeled 14 C-DHA and kinetic modeling was used to determine fetal and placental serum unesterified DHA uptake rates. DHA accretion rates in the fetus were determined to be 38 ± 2 nmol/d/g, 859 ± 100 nmol/d/litter and 74 ± 3 nmol/d/pup, which are all higher (P  0.05) in placental DHA accretion rates versus serum unesterified DHA uptake rates were observed as values varied only 6-35% between studies. No differences in placental accretion and uptake rates suggests that serum unesterified DHA is a significant pool for the maternal-placental transfer of DHA, and lower fetal DHA uptake compared to accretion supports remodeling of placental DHA for delivery to the fetus. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Advanced bridge safety initiative : live load testing and load rating of the Evans Brook Bridge (#5506) and the Hastings Bridge (#5507) in Batchelders Grant, Maine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    The Advanced Structures and Composites Center at the University of Maine (UMaine) performed live load testing : and rating factor analysis for two bridges (No. 5506 and No. 5507) in Batchelders Grant, Maine. The bridge load : rating performed by cons...

  20. Occupy Education: Living and Learning Sustainability. By Tina Lynn Evans, Peter Lang Publishing, 2012; 356 Pages. Price: $39.95, ISBN 978-1-4331-1966-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Occupy Education is motivated by the sustainability crisis and energized by the drive for social justice that inspired the Occupy movement. Situated within the struggle for sustainability taking place amid looming resource shortages, climate change, economic instability, and ecological breakdown, the book is a timely contribution to community education and action. It opens a whole realm of integrated theory to educators and sustainability activists-and demonstrates how that theory can be moved into practice. Occupy Education is an excellent text for courses in sustainability studies, social philosophy, globalization, social justice, food system praxis, sustainability education, political economy, and environmental studies.

  1. Effect of alpha1-adrenergic antagonist prazosin on behavioral alterations induced by MK-801 in a spatial memory task in Long-Evans rats

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stuchlík, Aleš; Petrásek, Tomáš; Valeš, Karel

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 58, č. 5 (2009), s. 733-740 ISSN 0862-8408 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA309/09/0286; GA ČR(CZ) GA309/07/0341 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50110509 Keywords : prazosin * MK-801 * learning Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 1.430, year: 2009

  2. Morris water maze learning in Long-Evans rats is differentially affected by blockade of D1-like and D2-like dopamine receptors

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stuchlík, Aleš; Řeháková, Lenka; Telenský, Petr; Valeš, Karel

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 422, č. 3 (2007), s. 169-174 ISSN 0304-3940 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0517; GA MŠk(CZ) LC554; GA MZd NR9178; GA ČR GA309/07/0341; GA ČR(CZ) GD206/05/H012; GA ČR(CZ) GA309/06/1231 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50110509 Keywords : memory * dopamine * cognition Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 2.085, year: 2007

  3. Cardiovascular Ultrasound of Neonatal Long Evans Rats Exposed Prenatally to Trichloroacetic Acid: Effects on Heart Rate, Ejection Fraction, and Cardiac Output

    Science.gov (United States)

    This abstract describes the use of a relatively new technology, cardiovascular ultrasound (echocardiography) for evaluating developmental toxicity affecting heart development. The abstract describes the effects of two known cardiac teratogens, trichloroacetic acid and dimethadio...

  4. Improving urban visibility through fractal analysis of street edges: The case of John Evans Atta Mills High Street in Accra, Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    R.A. Oppong; A.B. Marful; E.S. Asare

    2017-01-01

    Streets are a representation of cities, and the image of a city is a reflection of its home country. Although attempts to ensure harmonious spatial and environmental development in Ghanaian settlements date back to the colonial era, these efforts have minimal physical manifestation in the urban fabric of the city of Accra. The Independence Arch of Ghana, an important landmark in the urban fabric and history of Accra, lacks the striking vista and approach it deserves. This paper introduces the...

  5. Rob Evans, Ewa Kurantowicz, Emilio Lucio-Villegas (ur. Researching and transforming adult learning and communities (Rotterdam, Boston, Sense & ESREA, 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasna Fakin Bajec

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Delo, ki je nastalo v Evropskem združenju raziskovalcev izobraževanja odraslih, prikazuje skupnostno izobraževanje s treh zornih kotov, čemur sledi tudi razvrstitev besedil v tri sklope. V prvem so razmisleki o učenju in izobraževanju glede na naslednje koncepte: vseživljenjskost učenja, demokratičnost, refleksivnost, političnost; v drugem sklopu so tematizirani izbrani procesi ali ciljne skupine, kot so mlajši odrasli, izobraževalci, migranti; v tretjem sklopu pa so zbrani prispevki o učenju v družbenih gibanjih, ki implicirajo socialne spremembe v povezavi z emancipatornimi skupnostnimi procesi, okoljskimi gibanji, delitvijo moči. Izziv je v dialogu, oblikovanju skupnosti in transformacijah (transformativnem učenju. Avtorji in avtorice, ki prihajajo iz različnih geografskih okolij (Belgija, Škotska, Švica, Poljska, Španija, Portugalska, Mehika, Kanada, zagovarjajo vključenost ljudi v transformativno učenje, razmislek o re-lokaciji družbenega učenja kot demokratične prakse in s tem povezano participatorno akcijsko raziskovanje. V uvodu se uredniki sklicujejo na razmišljanja K. Geertza (The Interpretation of Cultures o razmerju med kulturnimi dejavniki in socialno strukturo, ki niso le odsev drug drugega, temveč so spodbuda za razvoj.

  6. Relationship among nitric oxide, leptin, ACTH, corticosterone, and IL-1β, in the early and late phases of adjuvant arthritis in male Long Evans rats

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stofková, A.; Skurlová, M.; Tybitanclová, K.; Veselský, Leopold; Železná, Blanka; Jurčovičová, J.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 79, č. 26 (2006), s. 2486-2491 ISSN 0024-3205 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA305/06/0427 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520514 Keywords : adjuvant arthritis * nitric oxide * IL-1beta Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 2.389, year: 2006

  7. Protocol for isolation of Moniliophthora roreri (Cif and Par Evans et al. from cacao fruits cv. `National' in the Ecuadorian Amazonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Carrera-Sánchez

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Moniliophthora roreri is a pathogen of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L. that causes high economic losses in Ecuador. This paper is intended to present a protocol for the isolation of the pathogen from cocoa fruits cv. `National', showing signs and symptoms of disease. The fruits were collected on farms of Napo (Ecuador. By wet chamber, it was able to induce profusely, sporulation on the surface of selected lesions. The isolations were performed from conidia directly located on the surface of fruits with brown powdery appearance. Isolation procedures and suggested of possible applications are presented.   Key words: amazonia, basidiomycetes, fungi, moniliasis, Theobroma cacao L.

  8. Efecto in vitro de aceites esenciales de tres especies de Lippia sobre Moniliophthora roreri (Cif. y Par. Evans et al., agente causante de la moniliasis del cacao (Theobroma cacao L. In vitro effect of essential oils of three Lippia species on Moniliophthora roreri (Cif. and Par. Evans et al., causative agent of moniliasis of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betty Stefany Lozada

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto antifúngico in vitro de cinco aceites esenciales (AEs (AE1, AE2, AE3, AE4 y AE5 extraídos de Lippia origanoides, L. citriodora y L. alba sobre aislados de monilia (Moniliophthora roreri obtenidos de frutos de cacao infectados provenientes de San Vicente de Chucurí, Santander, Colombia. Las plantas de Lippia fueron colectadas en cinco localidades colombianas. Los aislados de monilia (M1, M2, M3, M4 y M5 fueron caracterizados por su morfología, germinación y crecimiento en medios de cultivo. La actividad antifúngica de diferentes concentraciones de los AEs fue evaluada contra el aislado M2 y la cepa de M. roreri (ATCC 64239, para determinar su efecto sobre la germinación y la inhibición del crecimiento micelial. Los AEs estudiados inhibieron 100% de la germinación y del crecimiento micelial cuando fueron utilizados en concentraciones de 800 - 1000 µg/ml. Concentraciones de 200 µg/ml también mostraron efecto sobre los aislamientos fúngicos, siendo los AEs obtenidos de L. origanoides (AE2 y AE3 los más activos. Estos estaban compuestos principalmente por timol, p-cimeno, g-terpineno, acetato de timilo, carvacrol, b-mirceno, trans-b-cariofileno. Diferencias significativas (P The in vitro antifungal effect of five essential oils (EOs (EO1, EO2, EO3, EO4 and EO5 extracted from Lippia origanoides, L. citriodora and L. alba on isolates of Monilia (Moniliophthora roreri was evaluated. Lippia plants were collected at five locations in Colombia, and monilia isolates were obtained from infected cocoa fruits collected in San Vicente de Chucurí, Santander, Colombia. The fungi strains (M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 were characterized by morphology, germination and growth in culture media. Antifungal activity of different concentrations of EOs was evaluated against the M2 and the isolated strain of M. roreri (ATCC 64239 determining their effect on germination and mycelial growth inhibition. The five essential oils studied inhibited 100% germination and micelial growth when they were used at concentrations from 800 to 1000 µg/ml. Concentrations of 200 µg/ml also showed an effect on fungal isolates, being the EOs obtained from L. origanoides (EO2 and EO3 the most active. These were mainly composed of thymol, p-cymene, g-terpinene, timilo acetate, carvacrol, b-myrcene, trans- b-caryophyllene. Significant differences (P < 0.05 on susceptibility were observed between the two fungal strains studied, being generally more susceptible the isolated M2 that the ATCC strain. The EOs of L. origanoides are candidates for use as biofungicides possible to control the moniliasis. Future studies oriented to determinate the in vivo antifungal activity of these EOs and its major components are required.

  9. [leksikon-artikler : 51 stk. cf. abstract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walczak-Andersen, Ewa

    2007-01-01

    . Jarzyna, Grzegorz . Jaunimo teatras . Jugoslavien . Juliusza Slowackigo, Teatr im. . Kantor, Tadeusz . Katona, József . Kott, Jan . Krasinski, Zygmunt . Krétakör Színház . Kroatien . Letland . Litauen . Lupa, Krystian . Madách, Imre . Mickiewicz, Adam . Montenegro . Národní divadlo . Narodowy, Teatr...

  10. Poland’s Role in European and World System of States 1979-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Donald Abenheim and Daniel Moran, whose assistance was invaluable. I would also like to thank my parents, Teresa and Tadeusz, for their steadfast...surely not least, I want to thank my wife, Malgorzata , for her support and motivation without which I would not have been able to accomplish this work

  11. Francis Bacon czyli Diego Velázquez na fotelu dentystycznym - malarskie i inne cytaty jako "dodatek" do rozpraszającego się życia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Nieukerken, A.

    2014-01-01

    "Francis Bacon or Diego Velázquez in a dentist’s chair" - pictorial and other kinds of quotations as an addition to a disintegrating life The mature poetry of Tadeusz Różewicz seems to be at odds with both modernist and postmodern literary tenets. It undeniably makes abundant use of intertextuality

  12. Mechanistic aspects of ligand substitution on [(H2O)(tap)2RuORu ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Murdoch R D and Pepys J 1985 Int. Arch. Allergy Appl. Immunol. 77 456. 7. Clarke M J, in: A E Martell (eds.), 1980 Inorganic chem- istry in biology and medicine, (ACS Symp. Ser. 140). American Chemical Society, Wasington DC, 157 and references cited therein. 8. Pruchnik P F, Bien M, Lachowicz T and Tadeusz 1996.

  13. Poola luule ime / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Różewicz, Tadeusz. Alati fragment / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : Hendrik Lindepuu Kirjastus, 2007; Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008; Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008

  14. O etyce niezależnej Tadeusza Kotarbińskiego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemysław SPRYSZAK

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I briefly discuss principles of “independent ethics” formulated and popularized by the Polish philosopher Tadeusz Kotar‑ biński. I focus on the notion of “conscience” which seems to play a fundamental role in this moral theory.

  15. Universal Brønsted-Evans-Polanyi Relations for C–C, C–O, C–N, N–O, N–N, and O–O Dissociation Reactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Shengguang; Temel, Burcin; Shen, Juan

    2011-01-01

    It is shown that for all the essential bond forming and bond breaking reactions on metal surfaces, the reactivity of the metal surface correlates linearly with the reaction energy in a single universal relation. Such correlations provide an easy way of establishing trends in reactivity among the ...

  16. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF GESTATIONAL AND LACTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO ETHINYL ESTRADIOL (EE) AND BISPHENOL A (BPA) ON REPRODUCTIVE MORPHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR IN THE FEMALE LONG EVANS HOODED RAT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthropogenic estrogens are pervasive in the environment. The effects of these 'xenoestrogens' are controversial in humans, although there is a clear indication that some fish species are adversely affected in contaminated ecosystems. The current project focuses on the effects ...

  17. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF GESTATIONAL AND LACTATIONAL EXPOSURE TO ETHINYL ESTRADIOL (EE) AND BISPHENOL A (BPA) ON REPRODUCTIVE MORPHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR IN FEMALE AND MALE LONG EVANS HOODED RAT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthropogenic estrogens are pervasive in the environment. Although the effects of these 'xenoestrogens' are controversial in humans, some fish species are adversely affected in contaminated ecosystems. The current project focuses on the effects of developmental exposure to two ...

  18. Philippe Lebrun, Head of the AT Department, Lyn Evans, LHC Project Leader, and Lucio Rossi, Head of the AT-MAS Group, in front of the last batch of steel for the LHC at Cockerill Sambre.

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Casting the last batch of steel sheets for the LHC superconducting magnet yokes. The yokes constitute approximately 80% of the accelerator's weight and, if placed side by side, would stretch over 20 km !

  19. A DOSE–RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS OF A SINGLE GESTATIONAL DOSE OF 2,3,7,8-TETRACHLORODIBENZO-P-DIOXIN IN MALE LONG EVANS HOODED RAT OFFSPRING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Male rats exposed in utero to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) display reduced fertility as a consequence of the direct action of TCDD on the epididymides, as well as delayed puberty and altered reproductive organ weights. The current study provides dose-response data f...

  20. Gestational and Lactational Exposure to Ethinyl Estradiol, but not Bisphenol A, Decreases Androgen-Dependent Reproductive Organ Weights and Epididymal Sperm Abundance in the Male Long Evans Hooded Rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Many chemicals released into the environment are capable of disrupting normal sex steroid balance, including the oral contraceptive ethinyl estradiol (EE) and the plastic monomer bisphenol A (BPA). EE and BPA are reported to impair reproductive organ development in laboratory ani...

  1. Actividad antifúngica in vitro de extractos de Origanum vulgare L., Tradescantia spathacea Swartz y Zingiber officinale Roscoe sobre Moniliophthora roreri (Cif & Par Evans et ál.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ramírez González

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available La moniliasis del cacao ocasionada por Moniliophthora roreri origina grandes pérdidas en los países donde se ha estado dispersando; en México, de reciente ingreso ha afectado drásticamente la producción, ya que daña los frutos en sus diferentes estados y son escasas las medidas de control que se han podido implementar, por lo que se investigó el efecto in vitro de extractos de Origanum vulgare L., Tradescantia spathacea Swartz y Zingiber officinale Roscoe sobre M. roreri. Se aisló el hongo de frutos enfermos y se cultivó en laboratorio, las plantas fueron recolectadas y sometidas a cuatro formas de extracción: hidrolato por destilación, presurizado, fermentación aeróbica y anaeróbica. Dichos extractos se incorporaron al medio de cultivo al 50% (V/V, se sembró el hongo y se incubó durante 12 días, cuantificando el crecimiento diario y la formación de conidias; a los extractos que inhibieron totalmente al hongo se les determinó la concentración mínima.

  2. Efecto in vitro de aceites esenciales de tres especies de Lippia sobre Moniliophthora roreri (Cif. y Par. Evans et al., agente causante de la moniliasis del cacao (Theobroma cacao L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betty Stefany Lozada

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto antifúngico in vitro de cinco aceites esenciales (AEs (AE1, AE2, AE3, AE4 y AE5 extraídos de Lippia origanoides, L. citriodora y L. alba sobre aislados de monilia (Moniliophthora roreri obtenidos de frutos de cacao infectados provenientes de San Vicente de Chucurí, Santander, Colombia. Las plantas de Lippia fueron colectadas en cinco localidades colombianas. Los aislados de monilia (M1, M2, M3, M4 y M5 fueron caracterizados por su morfología, germinación y crecimiento en medios de cultivo. La actividad antifúngica de diferentes concentraciones de los AEs fue evaluada contra el aislado M2 y la cepa de M. roreri (ATCC 64239, para determinar su efecto sobre la germinación y la inhibición del crecimiento micelial. Los AEs estudiados inhibieron 100% de la germinación y del crecimiento micelial cuando fueron utilizados en concentraciones de 800 - 1000 µg/ml. Concentraciones de 200 µg/ml también mostraron efecto sobre los aislamientos fúngicos, siendo los AEs obtenidos de L. origanoides (AE2 y AE3 los más activos. Estos estaban compuestos principalmente por timol, p-cimeno, g-terpineno, acetato de timilo, carvacrol, b-mirceno, trans-b-cariofileno. Diferencias significativas (P < 0.05 sobre la susceptibilidad se observaron entre las dos cepas fúngicas estudiadas, siendo en general más susceptible el aislado M2 que la cepa ATCC. Los AEs de L. origanoides son candidatos para ser usados como posibles biofungicidas en el control de la moniliasis. Son necesarios estudios futuros orientados a determinar la actividad in vivo antifúngica de estos AEs y sus principales componentes.

  3. Efecto in vitro de aceites esenciales de tres especies de Lippia sobre Moniliophthora roreri (Cif. y Par. Evans et al., agente causante de la moniliasis del cacao (Theobroma cacao L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lozada Betty Stefany

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Se evaluó el efecto antifúngico in vitro de cinco aceites esenciales (AEs (AE1, AE2, AE3, AE4 y AE5 extraídos de Lippia origanoides, L. citriodora y L. alba sobre aislados de monilia (Moniliophthora roreri obtenidos de frutos de cacao infectados provenientes de San Vicente de Chucurí, Santander, Colombia. Las plantas de Lippia fueron colectadas en cinco localidades colombianas. Los aislados de monilia (M1, M2, M3, M4 y M5 fueron caracterizados por su morfología, germinación y crecimiento en medios de cultivo. La actividad antifúngica de diferentes concentraciones de los AEs fue evaluada contra el aisla- do M2 y la cepa de M. roreri (ATCC 64239, para determinar su efecto sobre la germinación y la inhibi- ción del crecimiento micelial. Los AEs estudiados inhibieron 100% de la germinación y del crecimiento micelial cuando fueron utilizados en concentraciones de 800 - 1000 µg/ml. Concentraciones de 200 µg/ml también mostraron efecto sobre los aislamientos fúngicos, siendo los AEs obtenidos de L. ori- ganoides (AE2 y AE3 los más activos. Estos estaban compuestos principalmente por timol, p-cimeno,

    y-terpineno, acetato de timilo, carvacrol, 1-mirceno, trans-1ccariofileno. Diferencias significativas (P <

    0.05 sobre la susceptibilidad se observaron entre las dos cepas fúngicas estudiadas, siendo en gene- ral más susceptible el aislado M2 que la cepa ATCC. Los AEs de L. origanoides son candidatos para ser usados como posibles biofungicidas en el control de la moniliasis. Son necesarios estudios futuros orientados a determinar la actividad in vivo antifúngica de estos AEs y sus principales componentes.

  4. Chronic MK-801 Application in Adolescence and Early Adulthood: A Spatial Working Memory Deficit in Adult Long-Evans Rats But No Changes in the Hippocampal NMDA Receptor Subunits

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uttl, Libor; Petrásek, Tomáš; Sengul, Hilal; Svojanovská, Markéta; Lobellová, Veronika; Valeš, Karel; Radostová, Dominika; Tsenov, Grygoriy; Kubová, Hana; Mikulecká, Anna; Svoboda, Jan; Stuchlík, Aleš

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 9, Feb 12 (2018), č. článku 42. ISSN 1663-9812 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2015062; GA ČR NV17-30833A Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) PAN-17-07 Program:Bilaterální spolupráce Institutional support: RVO:67985823 Keywords : schizophrenia * animal model * dizocilpine * rats * chronic treatment * western blot * behavior Subject RIV: FH - Neurology OBOR OECD: Neurosciences (including psychophysiology Impact factor: 4.400, year: 2016

  5. Volvo ja Ikea endine tegevjuht Göran Carstedt : Tänapäevane (personali)juhtimine peab sisaldama eeskätt looduslähedast mõtteviisi / Göran Carstedt ; interv. Tiina Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Carstedt, Göran

    2008-01-01

    Juhtimiskonsultant ning Organisatsioonilise Õppimise Ühingu eestvedaja ja arendaja Göran Carsedt vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ettevõtte tegevust personali tööle pühendumise parendamiseks, ettevõtte jätkusuutlikku juhtimist ja tootlikkust, majanduslanguse mõju ettevõtete personalipoliitikale, talendijuhtimist, väikeste ettevõttete ellujäämist majanduslanguse ajal, IKEA kui hea tööandja mainet ning jätkusuutlikku personaliarendajat. Lisa: Jätkusuutlik juhtimine Rootsi moodi

  6. Comparison of Long-Evans and Wistar rats in sensitivity to central cholinergic blockade with scopolamine in two spatial tasks: An active place avoidance and the Morris water maze

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Entlerová, Marie; Lobellová, Veronika; Hatalová, Hana; Zemanová, Anna; Valeš, Karel; Stuchlík, Aleš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 120, AUG 15 (2013), s. 11-18 ISSN 0031-9384 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP304/12/G069; GA MZd(CZ) NT13386 Grant - others:Rada Programu interní podpory projektů mezinárodní spolupráce AV ČR(CZ) M200111204 Institutional support: RVO:67985823 Keywords : muscarinic acetylcholine receptors * behavior * memory Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 3.033, year: 2013

  7. New species of Bakeriella (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae from the New World and new data on geographic distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Kawada

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Bakeriella lata sp. nov. (Brazil, Rondônia, Bakeriella aurata sp. nov. (Brazil, Amazonas and Bakeriella sulcaticeps sp. nov. (Brazil, Amazonas are described and illustrated. New geographic records and variation data for B. cristata Evans, 1964, B. floridana Evans, 1964, B. flavicornis Kieffer, 1910, B. incompleta Azevedo, 1994, B. mira Evans, 1997, B. montivaga (Kieffer, 1910, B. olmeca Evans, 1964 and B. subcarinata Evans, 1965 are provided. The male of B. incompleta is described for the first time.

  8. Remont zbiornika stalowego realizowany w trudnych warunkach lokalnych

    OpenAIRE

    Ziółko, Jerzy; Kowalski, Dariusz

    1999-01-01

    Przedstawiono sposób niekonwencjonalnej naprawy załamanego dachu stalowego przekrywajacego zbiornik o pojemności 3200 m3. W celu przeprowadzenia prac remontowych konieczne było zbudowanie indywidualnego urządzenia transportowo - montażowego. Dariusz Kowalski

  9. Bully versus Victim on the Internet: The Correlation with Emotional-Social Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eden, Sigal; Heiman, Tali; Olenik-Shemesh, Dorit

    2016-01-01

    Cyberbullying is a repeated violent behavior aimed at hurting another person directed by an individual or a group towards the victim using technological means such as a computer or a mobile phone (Kowalski, Morgan, and Limber, 2012). The current study examined the phenomenon of cyberbullying among children and youth in Israel. The purpose of was…

  10. Review of Selected Dissertations Addressing School Public Relations, Administrator Communication, and Conflict Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decman, John M.; Simieou, Felix, III

    2009-01-01

    This article is an extension to Kowalski's (2005) identification of possible lines of scholarly inquiry into themes related to schools and public relations. The article first cites professional accreditation standards for educational leaders as significant factors in providing a framework for increased scholarly inquiry. It then summarizes the…

  11. Cyber Victimization in High School: Measurement, Overlap with Face-to-Face Victimization, and Associations with Social-Emotional Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Christina Flynn; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick; Tennant, Jaclyn E.; Jenkins, Lyndsay N.

    2017-01-01

    Cyber victimization is a contemporary problem facing youth and adolescents (Diamanduros, Downs, & Jenkins, 2008; Kowalski & Limber, 2007). It is imperative for researchers and school personnel to understand the associations between cyber victimization and student social-emotional outcomes. This article explores (a) gender differences in…

  12. The Prevalence of Cyber Bullying Victimization and Its Relationship to Academic, Social, and Emotional Adjustment among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beebe, Jennifer Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The current study investigated the prevalence and frequency of cyber bullying victimization and examined the impact of cyber bullying on academic, social, and emotional college adjustment. Participants were recruited from two universities in the United States. Participants completed the Revised Cyber Bullying Survey (Kowalski & Limber, 2007)…

  13. Temporal Semantics of Meta-Level Architectures for Dynamic Control of Reasoning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Treur, J.; Gabbay, D

    2001-01-01

    In the literature on meta-level architectures and reflection two separate streams can be distinguished: a logical stream (e.g., [Bowen and Kowalski, 1982], [Giunchiglia et al., 1993], [Weyhrauch, 1980]) and a procedural stream (e.g., [Clancey and Bock, 1988], [Davis, 1980]). Unfortunately there is a

  14. pp-waves in 11-dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Hull, Christopher M.

    2002-01-01

    The Killing spinor equations for pp-wave solutions of eleven dimensional supergravity are analysed and it is shown that there are solutions that preserve 18, 20, 22 and 24 supersymmetries, in addition to the generic solution preserving 16 supersymmetries and the Kowalski-Glikman solution preserving 32 supersymmetries. (author)

  15. The Impact of Bullying on School Performance in Six Selected Schools in South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Stephanie A.

    2011-01-01

    The nation's K-12 schools are faced with numerous critical challenges, such as elevating academic achievement, and meeting No Child Left Behind state standards (Kowalski et al., 2008). But bullying in schools is becoming one of the most challenging issues that school personnel are encountering. In a Stanford University, study it was revealed that…

  16. The Limitations of Diazepam as a Treatment for Nerve Agent-Induced Seizures and Neuropathology in Rats: Comparison with UBP302

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    294. Rajasekaran K, Joshi S, Kozhemyakin M, Todorovic MS, Kowalski S, Balint C, and Kapur J (2013) Receptor trafficking hypothesis revisited: plasticity...Toxicol Ind Health 22:255–266. Todorovic MS, Cowan ML, Balint CA, Sun C, and Kapur J (2012) Characterization of status epilepticus induced by two

  17. Examining the Moderating Effect of Appearance Impression Motivation on the Relationship between Perceived Physical Appearance and Social Physique Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amorose, Anthony J.; Hollembeak, Jill

    2005-01-01

    Despite the conceptual importance of impression motivation in predicting social anxiety (Leary & Kowalski, 1995; Schlenker & Leary, 1982), no research has tested the link between impression motivation specifically regarding one's physical appearance (appearance impression motivation, or AIM) and social physique anxiety (SPA). The purpose of this…

  18. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Feuer M D, Chang T Y., Shunk SC and Tell B 1987 Electron. Dep, Lett. EDL-8 33. Gardner PD, Beehtle D, Narayan S Y, Colvin S and Paczkowski J 1987 Electron. Dev. Lett. EDL-8 440. Kowalsky W, Schlachetzki A and Wehmann H H 1984 Solid State Electron, 27 187. Kuo J M, Chang T Y and Labvic B 1987 Electron Dep.

  19. 77 FR 6785 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; List of Gear by Fisheries and Fishery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... to Paula N. Evans (301) 427-8557 or Paula.Evans@noaa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract... hours and cost) of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and...

  20. Dr Luigi Orlando, Dr Sergio Ceccuzzi, Dr. Armando Sbrana, Europa Metalli, Italy, Dr Albert Scherger, Member of KM Europa Metal AG, Osnabr ck, Germany, Prof. Filippo Menzinger, Scientific Attaché, Permanent Mission of Italy in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01: Dr Lyn Evans and Dr Luigi Orlando Photo 04: L. to r.: Dr Lyn Evans, Dr Luigi Orlando, Prof. Luciano Maiani and Prof. Filippo Menzinger Photo 06: L. to r.: Prof. Philippo Menzinger, Dr Armando Sbrana, Prof. Luciano Maiani, Dr Albert Scherger, Dr Lyn Evans, Dr Luigi Orlando, Dr Sergio Ceccuzzi, visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall, SM18

  1. Condition for the existence of complex modes in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate with a highly quantized vortex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fukuyama, E.; Mine, M.; Sunaga, T.; Okumura, M.; Yamanaka, Y.

    2007-01-01

    We consider a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with a highly quantized vortex. For the BEC with a doubly, triply, or quadruply quantized vortex, the numerical calculations have shown that the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations, which describe the fluctuation of the condensate, have complex eigenvalues. In this paper, we obtain the analytic expression of the condition for the existence of complex modes, using the method developed by Rossignoli and Kowalski [R. Rossignoli and A. M. Kowalski, Phys. Rev. A 72, 032101 (2005)] for the small coupling constant. To derive it, we make the two-mode approximation. With the derived analytic formula, we can identify the quantum numbers of the complex modes for each winding number of the vortex. Our result is consistent with those obtained by the numerical calculation in the case that the winding number is two, three, or four. We prove that the complex modes always exist when the condensate has a highly quantized vortex

  2. Compilation of 1987 Annual Reports of the Navy ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) Communications System Ecological Monitoring Program. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    York. 531 p. Korhonen, K. 1978. Interfertility and clonal size in the Armillaria mella complex. Karstenia 18:31-42. Kowalski, S. 1987. Mycotrophy of...plate counts were transformed to logg. ( Orchard 1984). The transformed data were analyzed statistically by two-way analysis 0 of variance to compare...Comparing treatment means correctly and appropriately. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 15:1142-1148. Orchard , V. A. 1984. Actinomycete population

  3. Compilation of 1989 Annual Reports of the Navy ELF Communications System Ecological Monitoring Program. Volume 1. Tabs A, B

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-01

    from the antenna site and the control site. Observations in the past years suggested a clonal difference between these two populations. Starflower...531 p. Korhonen, K. 1978. Interfertility and clonal size in the Ai-millaria mella complex. Karstenia 18:31-42. Kowalski, S. 1987. Mycotrophy of trees...considered to undergo great population changes in stable ecosystems ( Orchard 1984). Streptomycete populations functionally associated with the

  4. Possible evidence of disoriented chiral condensates from the ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [18] J Ellis, U Heinz and H Kowalski, Phys. Lett. B233, 223 (1989). [19] R Caliandro et al, J. Phys. G25, 171 (1999). [20] S Margetis et al, J. Phys. G25, 189 (1999). [21] F Gabler et al, J. Phys. G25, 199 (1999). [22] F Becattini, J Cleymans et al, Phys. Rev. C64, 24901 (2001). [23] K Rajagopal and F Wilczek, Nucl. Phys. B399 ...

  5. Long-term administration of high doses of transdermal buprenorphine in cancer patients with severe neuropathic pain

    OpenAIRE

    Leppert, Wojciech; Kowalski,Grzegorz

    2015-01-01

    Wojciech Leppert, Grzegorz Kowalski Chair and Department of Palliative Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland Background: Buprenorphine is often administered by the transdermal route (transdermal buprenorphine [TB]) in cancer patients with severe neuropathic pain. However, high doses of TB of 140 µg/h are rarely used.Patients and methods: Three cancer patients with severe neuropathic Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain scores of 8–10 who were success...

  6. Long-term administration of high doses of transdermal buprenorphine in cancer patients with severe neuropathic pain

    OpenAIRE

    Leppert W; Kowalski G

    2015-01-01

    Wojciech Leppert, Grzegorz Kowalski Chair and Department of Palliative Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland Background: Buprenorphine is often administered by the transdermal route (transdermal buprenorphine [TB]) in cancer patients with severe neuropathic pain. However, high doses of TB of 140 µg/h are rarely used.Patients and methods: Three cancer patients with severe neuropathic Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain scores of 8–10 who were successfully tr...

  7. Intraosseous Versus Intravenous Infusion of Hydroxocobalamin for the Treatment Of Acute Severe Cyanide Toxicity in a Swine Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    needed for the acute treatment of cyanide poisoning . IO administration may be an option and is already recommended as a sec- ond line of drug...et al. Cyanide poisoning and cardiac disorders: 161 cases. J Emerg Med 2010;38:467–76. 2. Fortin JL, Giocanti JP, Ruttimann M, Kowalski JJ...Prehospital administration of hydroxocobalamin for smoke inhalation-associated cyanide poisoning : 8 years of experience in the Paris Fire Brigade. Clin

  8. Novel and Efficient Synthesis of the Promising Drug Candidate Discodermolide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    intermediate for polypropionate synthesis, gave known building blocks for discodermolide. The biosynthetic cascades controlled by the type I polyketide...Longley, R. E.; Schulte, G. K. J. Org. Chem. 1990, 55, 4912. Additions and corrections: J. Org. Chem. 1991, 56, 1346. (5) (a) ter Haar , E.; Kowalski, R...tether between the initiating terminal olefin and the site of desired reactivity was to be three carbons long, setting up a cascade in which the first

  9. Preventing and Profiling Malicious Insider Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    concern is that, of those individuals who used remote access, 88% of them were former employees. This means that the organisations failed to disable all...of employment, the stigma of a criminal record, travel restrictions and computer restrictions (Kowalski et al., 2008). UNCLASSIFIED 8 UNCLASSIFIED...the case studies. As part of this data collection process, a substantial amount of time was spent gathering information about childhood experiences

  10. Insider Risk Evaluation and Audit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    malignant narcissism and psychopathic or sociopathic disorders—have been associated with espionage in post-hoc, prison- based assessments of espionage...phenomenon? Journal of Managerial Issues, 6, 311–330. Crino, M.D., & Leap, T.L. (1989). What HR managers must know about employee sabotage. Personnel... Journal of Information Management, 23, 139-154. Keeney, M.M., Kowalski, E.F., Cappelli, D.M., Moore, A.P., Shimeall, T.J., & Rogers, S.N. (2005

  11. Twórczość Tadeusza Różewicza w radiu

    OpenAIRE

    Zwolińska, Barbara

    2017-01-01

    In the article I focus on the works of Tadeusz Różewicz presented on Polish Radio, of which the most numerous are the works of dramatic art adapted for radio, such as: Akt przerywany [The Interrupted Act], Białe małżeństwo [White Wedding], Kartoteka [The Card Index], Kartoteka rozrzucona [The Card Index Scattered], Odejście Głodomora [The Starveling Leaves], Pogrzeb po polsku [Polish funeral], Stara kobieta wysiaduje [The Old Lady Sits Waiting], Śmieszny staruszek [The Funny Old Man], Świadko...

  12. Wielka inicjacja. O znaczeniu podróży do Francji w roku 1890 dla poglądów i postawy artystycznej Stanisława Wyspiańskiego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Bałus

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Stanisław Wyspianski's journey to France, which he made thanks to Tadeusz Stryjeński in 1890, influenced the artistic development of the young painter. In his letters, written during his journey and addressed to T. Stryjeński, and in his poetic notes to Lucjan Rydel, Wyspiański keeps a record of his impressions and conceptualises his own artistic views, which are confronted on the spot with art and architecture which he saw during his journey (among others, Puvis de Chavannes, Gothic cathedrals, the Louvre, Sainte-Chapelle.

  13. Improving body composition and strength in athletes through a 4-month combined martial arts and strength training program

    OpenAIRE

    Stachoń, Aleksandra; Burdukiewicz, Anna; Pietraszewska, Jadwiga; Andrzejewska, Justyna; Stefaniak, Tadeusz

    2016-01-01

    Stachoń Aleksandra, Burdukiewicz Anna, Pietraszewska Jadwiga, Andrzejewska Justyna, Stefaniak Tadeusz. Improving body composition and strength in athletes through a 4-month combined martial arts and strength training program. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(6):445-458. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.56131 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/3617 The journal has had 7 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric...

  14. „Ślub” w manierze performatywnej

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Krajewska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available By approaching Ślub (The Marriage as an epistemological dilemma of a human being who has been caught in a trap of the stage, the author proposes to reread and interpret a new W. Gombrowicz’s drama from a performative perspective. While relating to the title of Tadeusz Kantor’s cricotage Ślub w manierze konstruktywistycznej i surrealistycznej (A Wedding in the Constructivist and Surrealistic Style, the author aims to demonstrate the multi-faceted performative impact of Gombrowicz’s drama within the context of the dissolution of the principles and referential forms of metatheater.

  15. 多様化する現代アートにおける写真と差異 : シェリー・レヴィーンのシミュレーション画像

    OpenAIRE

    鉢呂, 光恵; Mitsue, HACHIRO; 藤女子大学人間生活学部保育学科

    2012-01-01

    Sherrie Levine is one of the most well-known postmodernism artists in the United States. In 1981, Levine rephotographed the photos of "Allie Mae Burroughs" (1936) by Walker Evans. This work, "After Walker Evans" (1981) brings out the "difference" of 45 years as presented by the "differences" in images between Evans's photographs and her own. Reproduction techniques were widespread in the 1980s, and Levine turned her cool gaze on the "real" world to produce simulation works that instantly chan...

  16. Data_Flood: Helping the Navy Address the Rising Tide of Sensor Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Wilson, Shane Tierney, Ray Koym, James Dryden , Evan Saltzman, Roland J. Yardley, John M. Yurchak, Stephanie Young, Endy M. Daehner, Megan McKernan...Wilson, Shane Tierney, Ray Koym, James Dryden , Evan Saltzman, Roland J. Yardley, John M. Yurchak, Stephanie Young, Endy M. Daehner, Megan McKernan, and... Dryden , Evan Saltzman, Roland J. Yardley, John M. Yurchak, Stephanie Young, Endy M. Daehner, Megan McKernan, and Kate Giglio, The DCGS-Navy Increment

  17. 78 FR 31498 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Threatened Status for Leavenworthia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... occurrences were ranked as A, B, or C in quality (Evans and Hannan 1990, pp. 24-94). White (1994, pp. 2-7... leaves) (Evans and Hannan 1990, p. 5). The flowers are small (3 to 6 mm (0.12 to 0.24 in)), white to... (Evans and Hannan 1990, p. 6). The fruit is flat and pod-shaped. Taxonomy and Species Description R. C...

  18. Sirolimus for Autoimmune Disease of Blood Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-02

    Autoimmune Pancytopenia; Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS); Evans Syndrome; Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura; Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune; Autoimmune Neutropenia; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic; Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Rheumatoid Arthritis

  19. Mehed õppisid muistsel kombel savimaja ehitama / Lehte Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Lehte, 1951-

    2004-01-01

    Iirimaal saviehitust õppinud Jaanus Viese korraldatud kursusest Haapsalus, mille käigus ehitati liivast, savist, põhust savimaja. Savimaja omadustest. Savimajade taasavastaja Wellsi arhitekt Ianto Evans

  20. Wokół współczesnej sztuki dramatycznej w Polsce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Hendrykowski

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Polish contemporary drama (which is represented by a range of authors, from Tadeusz Różewicz and Sławomir Mrożek, Janusz Głowacki, Wiesław Myśliwski, Eustachy Rylski, Marek Koterski and Tadeusz Słobodzianek to Przemysław Wojcieszek, Michał Walczak, Piotr Tomaszuk, Tomasz Man and Dorota Masłowska seems to be an integral part and a special, local manifestation of profound changes that have taken place in the European and American drama of the 20th and 21st centuries. Samuel Beckett, Eugène Ionesco, Tennessee Williams, Harold Pinter, John Osborne and Edward Albee influenced Polish dramaturgy, i.e. its general concept and philosophy, in many ways. They were pioneers and patrons of this transformation, just as Miron Białoszewski was in Poland. New Polish dramaturgy continues to go in this direction while looking for modern means of theatrical expression. Marek Hendrykowski examines and describes twenty-one contemporary dramas that are collected in two volumes titled Trans/formacja. Dramat polski po 1989 roku [Trans/formation: An Anthology of Polish Contemporary Drama after 1989], which were edited by Jacek Kopciński. The author of this article searches for features and “common places” (loci communes that are typical of this form of art.

  1. Różewicz’s entangled arts. A performative interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Krajewska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to analyze Tadeusz Różewicz’s works by using methods that are associated with performative literary studies. The author refers to concepts of quantum physics and introduces a new aesthetic category, “entangled arts”. Among these arts are, for example, drama and theater, which are seen from an anti-binary perspective. This approach eliminates the traditional division of arts into the art of literature and performing arts, thus leading us to look on literature as a performing art. Therefore, the idea of “entangled arts” is not about “the synthesis of arts”, but about their unresolvedness and an act of reading which requires one to simultaneously exist and be active in two different realities, for example, in a digital and imagined world, or in film and on stage. Różewicz adheres to the same principle as Diego Velázquez when he was painting Las Meninas, which represents a trap of a performative painting. This is true of Kartoteka rozrzucona [The Scattered Card Index], Pułapka [The Trap] and the short story Grzech [The Sin]. The author of this article considers Tadeusz Różewicz to be the greatest modern writer, a dramatic poet who pushes the boundaries of art, and an artist who is both present and absent.

  2. O antropomorfizowaniu i potrzebie przedstawień figuralnych w sztuce greckiej

    OpenAIRE

    Bugaj, Ewa

    2010-01-01

    Estetyka w archeologii. Antropomorfizacje w pradziejach i starożytności, eds. E. Bugaj, A. P. Kowalski, Poznań: Wydawnictwo Poznańskie. At the beginning of the text ‘On anthropomorphising and the necessity for figural images in Greek art’, Ewa Bugaj notices that in the nomenclature related to Greek art, the term anthropomorphism was commonly accepted first of all in relation to anthropomorphising religious images – mainly deities. Therefore, it is inevitably connected with the idea of the ...

  3. Plasma volume in acute hypoxia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, T D; Klausen, T; Richalet, J P

    1998-01-01

    Exposure to acute hypoxia is associated with changes in body fluid homeostasis and plasma volume (PV). This study compared a dye dilution technique using Evans' blue (PV[Evans']) with a carbon monoxide (CO) rebreathing method (PV[CO]) for measurements of PV in ten normal subjects at sea level...

  4. Chemistry of Blood Type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, William F.

    2005-01-01

    The molecule of December 2005 comes from the paper by Rose, Palcic and Evans on structural factors determining the blood type. The structure was previously reported by Palcic and Evans and is presented without the water molecule that is determined in the crystal structure.

  5. Raising the Stakes – Impacts of privatisation, certification and partnerships in South African forestry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mayers

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available forestry Raising the stakes M ayers, Evans and Foy Raising the stakes Impacts of privatisation, certification and partnerships in South African forestry James Mayers Jeremy Evans Tim Foy Raising the stakes Forestry is a good, if risky, business...

  6. Response to Comments: Practical Wisdom in the Service of Professional Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shulman, Lee S.

    2007-01-01

    In a response to comments by Rodney Evans on an earlier "Educational Researcher" (ER) article that the author cowrote with three colleagues at The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, the author shows that Evans' critique is based largely on a misreading or misrepresentation of their argument, its rationale, and associated…

  7. Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-02

    Oct 2, 2017 ... tiated by gender, age, sibling birth order, household composition and intergenerational relations (Punch, 2001; Such & Walker,. 2004). Table 1 outlines the different dimensions of care work undertaken by children and young adults in Africa as adapted from Evans and Becker (2009) and Evans (2010, 2014) ...

  8. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    102640

    stress and aspirin-induced gastric ulcer in rats. Jamahiriya Medical Journal 2003; 2:43-46. 13. Trease G and Evans W. Drugs of biological origin. In: Trease and Evans, 11th ed. Bailliere. Tindall. London 1980; pp 319-320, 741. 14. Cunnane SC, Ganguli S, Menard C, et al. High α-linolenic acid flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum):.

  9. Dual-Modulation, Dual-Wavelength, Optical Polarimetry System for Glucose Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-26

    Hussain, N. D. Evans, O. J. Rolinski et al., “Fluorescence based glucose sensors,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics 20(12), 2555-2565 (2005). 14. J. C...Pickup, F. Hussain, N. D. Evans, N. Sachedina, “In vivo glucose monitoring: the 22 clinical reality and the promise,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics

  10. 77 FR 76497 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ... Street, 92502. Riverside, CA 92501. San Bernardino (FEMA Docket Town of Apple Valley The Honorable Barb... Evans Parkway, Apple Valley, 14955 Dale Apple Valley, CA Evans Parkway, Apple 92307. Valley, CA 92307... The Honorable Dave Pensacola Beach- November 5, 2012 125138 1269). Rosa Island Pavlock, Chairman...

  11. Dynamic Written Corrective Feedback in Developmental Multilingual Writing Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurzer, Kendon

    2018-01-01

    This study investigated the role of dynamic written corrective feedback (DWCF; Evans, Hartshorn, McCollum, & Wolfersberger, 2010; Hartshorn & Evans, 2015; Hartshorn et al., 2010), a mode of providing specific, targeted, and individualized grammar feedback in developmental English as a second language (ESL) writing classes (pre-first year…

  12. DFB component production at IHEP complete

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    1. LHC project leader Lyn Evans receiving a model of a DFB from IHEP general director Nikolaj Tyurin.2. Collective photo of DFB celebration at IHEP. Participants from left: V. Sytchev, V. Benda, N. Tyurin, A. Zaytcev, L. Evans, A. Perin, R. van Weelderen, Ph. Trilhe, M. Genet, L. Tavian, Ph. Lebrun, A. Kleshov.

  13. 78 FR 44199 - Semiannual Regulatory Agenda, Spring 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ... ensure the safety, quality and effectiveness of feed. In November 2008, the NOSB approval a final... Required: Yes. Agency Contact: Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Program Manager, Plant Health Programs, PPQ.../13 Regulatory Flexibility Analysis Required: Yes. Agency Contact: Lynn Evans-Goldner, National...

  14. 77 FR 59357 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List Spring...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    ... (Young and Evans 1974, p. 469). In the Spring Mountains, Niles and Leary (2007, p. 9) quantified the... dominate the habitat for a long period of time (Young and Evans 1974, p. 469). Fire suppression in the... the quantity or quality of habitat and affecting survival or fecundity. On the other hand, fuel...

  15. 75 FR 61165 - Credit Watch Termination Initiative Termination of Direct Endorsement (DE) Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ...: The Quality Assurance Division, Office of Housing, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451............ 7/1/2010 Santa Ana. Tacoma, WA 98405. Universal Lending Corp........ 6775 E Evans Avenue, Houston......... 7/9/2010 Denver. Denver, CO 80224. Universal Lending Corp........ 6775 E Evans Avenue, Kansas City...

  16. 78 FR 24007 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for Eriogonum codium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... fluctuations (Evans et al. 2003, p. 64). Monitoring by Monument staff (Newsome 2011, p. 5) suggests that the... estimated more than 50,000 flowering plants in high population years (Evans et al. 2003, p. 3-2) (see Table... roost sites, nesting grounds, seasonal wetlands, water quality, tide, soil type) that when combined...

  17. 78 FR 23983 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Threatened Status for Eriogonum codium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ..., as well as to obtain an understanding of the causes of these annual fluctuations (Evans et al. 2003... late 1990s estimated more than 50,000 flowering plants in high population years (Evans et al. 2003, p... monitoring of a subset of the total population indicates a slow decline based on 9 years of high-quality data...

  18. Quality and safety evaluation of a Ghanaian polyherbal product EAF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    McRoy

    quality and safety. Aim: The study sought to evaluate the quality and safety of the product in the management of superficial mycoses. Method: The method of ...... Books Limited, Ibadan;1993. 17. Evans WC. Trease and Evans. Pharmacognosy. 15 ed. Edinburgh,: W.B.. Saunders;2002. 18. Nyarko KA, Asiedu-Gyekye JI, Sittie.

  19. Conformation driven complexation of two analogous benzimidazole ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tion quality single crystals of the complex, suitable for single crystal diffraction experiments, were obtained by slow evaporation of the acetonitrile solution within a ..... Othman A, Evans J S O, Evans I R, Harris R K and. Hodgkinson P 2007 J. Pharma. Sci. 96 1380. 57. Babu N J and Nangia A 2006 Cryst. Growth Des. 6. 1753.

  20. 77 FR 43905 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Status for the Diamond Darter and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... following finding related to these criteria: Diamond darter is endangered by water quality degradation... remain near the bottom of their riverine habitats with little effort (Evans and Page 2003, p. 64). The..., p. 285; Evans 2008b, p. 1). Kentucky has been fairly well surveyed by numerous researchers without...

  1. Effect of aqueous seed extract of Nigella sativa on lead-induced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is used in the manufacture of batteries, metal products, paints and other domestic substances. This study investigated the effect of aqueous seed extract of Nigella sativa on leadinduced cerebral cortex toxicity in Long Evan's rats. Twenty five Long Evans rats divided into five groups of five animals were used for the study.

  2. 76 FR 74018 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Southern...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-30

    ... south as the St. Joe River and at Elk City near the Clearwater River (Evans 1960, pp. 59-64), and also in the city of St. Maries as recently as 1959 (Evans 1960, p. 93). The current range extends... (primary constituent elements such as roost sites, nesting grounds, seasonal wetlands, water quality, tide...

  3. 40 CFR 81.311 - Georgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section 107 Attainment Status Designations § 81.311 Georgia... X Evans County X Fannin County X Fayette County X Floyd County X Forsyth County X Franklin County X... X Evans County X Fannin County X Fayette County X Floyd County X Forsyth County X Franklin County X...

  4. Molecular cloning of growth hormone encoding cDNA of Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Evans and Long 1921) and the human growth hormone (GH) encoding cDNA was per- haps the first to be isolated and characterized (Li and. Evans 1944). GH, chorionic somatomamotropin (placental lactogen) and prolactin (PRL) are all a family of ...

  5. Census of U.S. Civil Aircraft, Calendar Year 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-31

    DESIG- NATION lUACTURER AIR GENERAL TOTAL MOEL PL A/E N/E CARRIER AVIATION AIRCRAFT HILLER OTOR RIC ENGINE 61 0 650 650 MOTOR TURROSHAFT 63 0 20 20...EVANS VO.KSPLANE 0 3 3 EVANS VOKSPLANE 11 2 0 2 2 EVANS V0 KSPLANE VP- I*0 EVANS VC.ASPLANE Vo 0 EVAS V:-KSOLANE WS’ 0 EVANS VP 0 2 2 E VA%~ 0 5, E’s -1...s 0 .. E v&%-- Z: 0 *’ E,.A%S r: 4 4 EVANSVP’ 0 - EVANSWE-, I A 0 2 2 EVAS FRANCIS VP 2 2 0 1 EVENS VP-1 1 0 EwEQ- 02 0 EXCE-S:C0 .~C Elr;:M:%NAL

  6. Development of Design Standards and Guidelines for Electromagnetic Compatibility and Lightning Protection for Spacecraft Utilizing Composite Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, Dennis W.

    1997-01-01

    This final report presents information concerning technical accomplishments by Tec-Masters, Inc. (TMI) for this contract effort. This effort included the accomplishment and/or submission by TMI of the following items: (1) Literature Survey Report, Electrical Properties of Non-Metallic Composites by Mr. Hugh W. Denny; (2) Interim Report, Composite Materials - Conductivity, Shielding Effectiveness, and Current Carrying Capability by Mr. Ross W. Evans; (3) Fault Current Test Plan by Mr. Ross W. Evans (4) Fault Current Test Procedure by Mr. Ross W. Evans (5) Test Report, Fault Current Through Graphite Filament Reinforced Plastic, NASA CR-4774, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama, September 1996, by Mr. Ross W. Evans; (6) Test Plan, Lightning Effects on Composite Materials by Mr. Ross W. Evans; (7) Test Report, Lightning Effects on Composite Materials, NASA CR-4783, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama, February 1997, by Mr. Ross W. Evans; (8) Design Guidelines for Shielding Effectiveness, Current Carrying Capability, and the Enhancement of Conductivity of Composite Materials, NASA CR-4784, Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama, September 1996, by Mr. Ross W. Evans. These items are not attached but are considered to be a part of this final report. Efforts on two additional items were accomplished at no increase in cost to NASA/MSFC. These items consisted of updating the 'MSFC EMC Design and Interference Control Handbook,' and revising the 'Design Guidelines for Shielding Effectiveness, Current Carrying Capability, and the Enhancement of Conductivity of Composite Materials.'

  7. Różewicz about himself as someone else

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Kazimierz Przybylski

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available It seems that Tadeusz Różewicz’s poem titled Francis Bacon or Diego Velazquez in a Dentist’s Chair is dedicated to the works of the author of Studies of Crucifixion. In fact, Różewicz writes about the impression that Bacon’s art left on him when he saw it in galleries and museums. This poem is also about fascination. Contrary to what may seem intuitive, it is not an attempt to describe the poet’s own way of interpreting these works; and even if so, this is only true to a limited extent. For Różewicz, Bacon’s works were just a pretext to look at himself, especially at his own early poems, from a distance – from a somewhat ironic distance. In this way the poet is able to present himself as “the other”, thus referring to the title of Paul Ricoeur’s book.

  8. Confronting the Past

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondebjerg, Ib

    2013-01-01

    in quite another way than factual historical films. This article deals with some of the most important historical film genres and uses a general theory of genres, emotions, memory and history to analyse the historical films of Polish film director Andrzej Wajda, especially those made post 1989. Dealing...... with both his heritage drama Pan Tadeusz (1999) and critical historical drama Katyn (2007), the article analyses the ways in which Wajda uses historical narratives to comment on both history and contemporary society, and how this strategy is reflected in all his historical films. The article argues......Historical films are important carriers of collective memory, and as a genre historical films can activate both strong feelings and strong debate. Historical fiction films often tell very accurate and almost documentary stories, but fictional films have the freedom to make historical reality...

  9. Intoduction to the Issue (2011/2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech HANUSZKIEWICZ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Seven articles — out of the nine presented here to the Reader — undertake our leading theme: Tracing Liminal and Boundary Experience in Philosophical and Religious Discourse. Three articles from that group (written by Małgorzata Bogaczyk-Vormayr, Piotr Augustyniak and Anna Szyrwińskaexplore various aspects of the boundary experience in a historical perspective. The next four pick up the same theme in a contemporary perspective: the articles of Joachim Piecuch, Tadeusz Gadacz and Antoni Szwed discuss the philosophy of Józef Tischner, the article by Urszula Idziak presents the debate between Jacques Derrida and Paul Ricoeur concerning the boundary experience of death. The remaining two articles published here are not connected with the leading theme — Magdalena Nowak presents a history of the concept of Einfühlung and Jacquette Dale tries to improve the diagram method used in logical argument analysis.

  10. Badania nad historią filozofii przyrody i historią nauki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Mączka

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of research conducted by the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies and the Copernicus Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in the field of the history of philosophy of nature and the history of philosophy of science in Poland in the inter-war period. In spite of the domination of positivistic philosophy that tended to ignore philosophy of nature, this kind of philosophizing was quite popular in Poland. The review begins with a summary of works related to the history of science, and then deals, in some detail, with works on the theory of evolution and the theory of relativity, especially with their philosophical aspects. The remaining part of the review is devoted to the principal personalities of that period, namely: Władysław Heinrich, Władysław Natanson, Tadeusz Grabowski, Marian Smoluchowski, Zygmunt Zawirski and Joachim Metallmann.

  11. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD - 2003 Exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff Association MembersChristian Fabjan/EPIrene Seis/IT 1st deputies Lars Leistam/ESTJean-Claude Carlier/TIS 2nd deputies Luc Durieu/ABMorna Robillard/HR Dr Fabjan and Mrs Seis have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairperson of the Board may be chosen when required : Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationPhilippe Charpentier/EPCorrado Pettenati/ETT Christophe Delamare/EST Ignacio Reguero/IT Eugenia Hatziangeli/AB Alasdair smith/EP Tadeusz Kurtyka/EST Pierre Strubin/AT Mats Møller/AS Elena Wildner/AT Mediators [see Administrative Circular N° 6 (Rev. 1) entitled "Review procedure"] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members. Human Resources DivisionTel. 74128

  12. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2011-01-01

    SIGNATURE RIGHTS - In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel on to their territories.  Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply. Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Conventions d’accueil.  Kirsti ASPOLA (PH – CMO) Oliver BRÜNING (BE – ABP) Michelle CONNOR (PH – AGS) Patrick FASSNACHT (PH-ADO) David FOSTER (IT – DI) Nathalie GRÜB (PH – AGS) Tjitske KEHRER (DG-DI) Tadeusz KURTYKA (DG – PRJ) Cécile NOELS (DG – PRJ) Maria QUINTAS (HR – SPS) Kate RICHARDSON (PH-AGS) Jeanne ROSTANT (PH – AGS) José SALICIO-DIEZ (PH – AGS) Ulla TIHINEN (PH – A...

  13. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France Signature rights

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2012-01-01

    In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel on to their territories.  Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply. Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Conventions d’accueil. Kirsti ASPOLA (PH – CMO) Oliver BRÜNING (BE – ABP) Michelle CONNOR (PH – AGS) Patrick FASSNACHT (PH-ADO) David FOSTER (IT – DI) Nathalie GRÜB (PH – AGS) Tjitske KEHRER (DG-DI) Tadeusz KURTYKA (DG – PRJ) Markus NORDBERG (PH – ADO) Cécile NOELS (DG – PRJ) Maria QUINTAS (HR – SPS) Kate RICHARDSON (PH-AGS) Jeanne ROSTANT (PH – AGS) José SALICIO-DIEZ (PH – AGS) Ulla TIHINEN (PH – AG...

  14. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France - Signature rights

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2010-01-01

    In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel onto their territories. Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply. Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the Note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Protocoles d’accueil. Kirsti ASPOLA (PH – CMO) Oliver BRÜNING (BE – ABP) Michelle CONNOR (PH – AGS) Sylvie DETHURENS FAVEZ (HR – SPS) David FOSTER (IT – DI) Nathalie GRUB (PH – AGS) Tadeusz KURTYKA (DG – PRJ) Jean-Pol MATHEYS (BE – ASR) Cécile NOELS (DG – PRJ) Connie POTTER (PH – AGS) Maria QUINTAS (HR – SPS) Jeanne ROSTANT (PH – AGS) José SALICIO-DIEZ (PH – AGS) Ulla...

  15. Procedure for obtaining visas for Switzerland and France - Signature rights

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    In accordance with the Status Agreements with CERN, Switzerland and France facilitate the entry of members of the Organization’s personnel on to their territories.  Where relevant, detailed procedures for obtaining visas apply.   Within the framework of those procedures, only the following individuals are authorised to initiate the note verbale procedure as well as to sign the Official Invitation Letters and the Conventions d’accueil. Kirsti ASPOLA (PH – CMO) Oliver BRÜNING (BE – ABP) Michelle CONNOR (PH – AGS) Patrick FASSNACHT (PH-ADO) David FOSTER (IT – DI) Nathalie GRÜB (PH – AGS) Tadeusz KURTYKA (DG – PRJ) Markus NORDBERG (PH – ADO) Cécile NOELS (DG – PRJ) Maria QUINTAS (HR – SPS) Kate RICHARDSON (PH-AGS) Jeanne ROSTANT (PH – AGS) José SALICIO-DIEZ (PH – AGS) Ulla TIHINEN (PH – AGS) Emmanuel...

  16. short history of anti-rheumatic therapy. IV. Corticosteroids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Marson

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1948 a corticosteroid compound was administered for the first time to a patient affected by rheumatoid arthritis by Philip Showalter Hench, a rheumatologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (USA. He was investigating since 1929 the role of adrenal gland-derived substances in rheumatoid arthritis. For the discovery of cortisone and its applications in anti-rheumatic therapy, Hench, along with Edward Calvin Kendall and Tadeusz Reichstein, won the 1950 Nobel Prize for Medicine. In this review we summarize the main stages that led to the identification of the so-called compound E, which was used by Hench. We also consider the subsequent development of steroid therapy in rheumatic diseases, through the introduction of new molecules with less mineralocorticoid effects, such as prednisone, and more recently, deflazacort.

  17. Advances in chemical physics dynamical processes in condensed matter

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, Myron W

    2009-01-01

    Transport Properties and Soliton Models for Polyacetylene (M. Andretta, et al.). Development and Application of the Theory of Brownian Motion (W. Coffey). The Fading of Memory During the Regression of Structural Fluctuations (L. Dissado, et al.). Cooperative Molecular Behavior and Field Effects on Liquids: Experimental Considerations (G. Evans). A Review and Computer Simulation of the Molecular Dynamics of a Series of Specific Molecular Liquids (M. Evans and G. Evans). Recent Advances in Molecular-Dynamics Computer Simulation (D. Fincham and D. Heyes). Nonadiabatic Scattering Probl

  18. High P-glycoprotein-mediated export observed in patients with a history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Adam S; Cunningham-Rundles, Susanna; Mazza, BethAnne; Simm, Maciej; Gorlick, Richard; Bussel, James

    2002-09-01

    Studies have suggested that high P-glycoprotein expression in lymphocytes from patients with autoimmune disorders may affect disease outcome. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and Evans' syndrome are widely thought to be autoimmune processes, however, the precise mechanisms remain unknown. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with refractory or recurrent ITP or Evans' syndrome were studied using the rhodamine 123 flow cytometric assay to investigate functional export levels. Lymphocytes from ITP and Evans' syndrome patients showed a significantly decreased ability to retain rhodamine, suggesting increased export protein function. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction distinguished P-glycoprotein as the likely export protein.

  19. Building bridges … and accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Lyn Evans, the LHC project leader, was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) to celebrate his role not just in building accelerators, but also in building bridges between nations. He was one of four notables honoured at the event on Friday 5 June, coinciding with the University’s 450th Anniversary. Lyn Evans arriving at the ceremony with Archbishop Desmond Tutu. "It was a big surprise when I found out I’d been nominated," recounts Evans, "but it was an even bigger surprise to find out with whom I’d been nominated". At the ceremony Evans was awarded the honorary doctorate along with three others: Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who was acclaimed for his fight against apartheid in South Africa, Mary Robinson, first woman president of Ireland and former United Nations’ high commissioner of human rights, and Pascal Lamy, Director-General of the World Trade Organization. The award ceremony, known as the �...

  20. Research Area 3 - Mathematical Sciences: Multiscale Modeling of the Mechanics of Advanced Energetic Materials Relevant to Detonation Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-24

    Michael Pernice, , John Bell,, Jed Brown , , Alain Clo, , Jeffrey Connors, , Emil Constantinescu, , Don Estep,, Kate Evans, , Charbel Farhat, , Ammar...Hakim, , Glenn Hammond, , Glen Hansen,, Judith Hill, , Tobin Isaac, , Xiangmin Jiao, , Kirk Jordan, , Dinesh Kaushik,, Efthimios Kaxiras, , Alice Koniges

  1. 75 FR 48337 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ..., both of Dalton, Georgia. 2. John Milton Wise, Sr.; Lilellen Hicks Wise; Mack Arthur Wise; John Milton..., Ringgold, Georgia; Michelle Stanfield Evans, and John P. Neal, III, both of Dalton, Georgia, as trustee for...

  2. 76 FR 72355 - Classification of Two Steroids, Prostanozol and Methasterone, as Schedule III Anabolic Steroids...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... myotrophic activity. Endocrinology, 45(2): 113-119. Evans, N.A. (2004). Current concepts in anabolic.... (2006). Cholestatic jaundice and IgA nephropathy induced by OTC muscle building agent superdrol...

  3. Arvuti roll elementaarmatemaatika õppimisel ja õpetamisel / Margo Kikas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kikas, Margo, 1974-

    1998-01-01

    Juuni algul toimus TPÜ-s kolmepäevane kursus "Arvuti roll elementaarmatemaatika õppimisel ja õpetamisel", kus põhiesinejaks oli The Royal Danish School of Educational Studies (Taani) õppejõud Viggo Sadolin

  4. Comment and Response: A Comment on "On Going Home: Selfhood in Composition."

    Science.gov (United States)

    College English, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Presents a criticism of Evan Carton's description of a writing assignment, noting the contradiction between the assignment's real purpose and the rigid writing restrictions inherent in the assignment that preclude the purpose. Presents Carton's response. (HTH)

  5. Markko Märtin : sain maailma parima kaardilugeja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Markko Märtin rääkis ajakirjale Autosport traagilisest avariist ja hukkunud kaardilugejast Michael Parkist. Michael Parki meenutavad: Robert Reid, Paul Turner, Sebastien Loeb, David Higgins, Malcolm Wilson, Daniel Elena, David Evans

  6. 1 UNDERSTANDING CONTEMPORARY GLOBALIZATION FROM A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UNDERSTANDING CONTEMPORARY GLOBALIZATION FROM A POLITICAL. ECONOMIST PERSPECTIVE. Ezeanyika, Samuel Ezeanyika. Senior Lecturer in Political & Social Economy. Department of Political Science & Public Administration. Evan Enwerem University (former Imo State University). PMB 2000, Owerri, Imo ...

  7. Head Trauma: First Aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... injury.html. Accessed Oct. 8, 2014. Evans RW. Concussion and mild traumatic brain injury. http://www.uptodate. ... trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. © 1998-2018 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and ...

  8. Pop / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Hootie & the Blowfish "Hootie & the Blowfish", Bill Frisell "The Intercontinentals", Evan Dando "Baby I'm Bored", Terre Thaemlitz "Lovebomb", The Mighty Bop feat. Duncan Roy "The Mighty Bop"

  9. CCAA Learning Paper 1 Integrating meteorological and indigenous ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Contributing authors: Ignitius Chagonda; Jacob Churi; Amadou Dieye; Boris Houenou; Said Hounkponou; Eric Kisiangani; Evans Kituyi; Cromwel Lukorito; Ayub Macharia; Henry Mahoo; Amos Majule; Paul Mapfumo; Florence Mtambanengwe; Francis Mugabe; Laban Ogallo; Gilbert Ouma; Amadou Sall; Greno Wanda.

  10. Sud du Sahara | Page 147 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Contributing authors: Ignitius Chagonda; Jacob Churi; Amadou Dieye; Boris Houenou; Said Hounkponou; Eric Kisiangani; Evans Kituyi; Cromwel Lukorito; Ayub Macharia; Henry Mahoo; Amos Majule; Paul Mapfumo; Florence Mtambanengwe; Francis Mugabe; Laban Ogallo; Gilbert Ouma; Amadou Sall; Greno Wanda.

  11. South of Sahara | Page 150 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Contributing authors: Ignitius Chagonda; Jacob Churi; Amadou Dieye; Boris Houenou; Said Hounkponou; Eric Kisiangani; Evans Kituyi; Cromwel Lukorito; Ayub Macharia; Henry Mahoo; Amos Majule; Paul Mapfumo; Florence Mtambanengwe; Francis Mugabe; Laban Ogallo; Gilbert Ouma; Amadou Sall; Greno Wanda.

  12. Moldova pikendas nõukogude passide kehtivust kuus kuud / Marje Aksli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aksli, Marje

    2005-01-01

    Moldova pikendas vanade passide kehtivust, sest paljud ei ole veel jõudnud passi vahetada. Endine NSVL-i pass ei vasta tänapäevanõuetele ja mitu Moldova naaberriiki seda alates 1. jaanuarist ei tunnista

  13. Majandamise paradigma vahetus ja Eesti majanduspoliitika / Raivo Rajamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajamäe, Raivo

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul majanduspoliitilised vastuolud praeguses valitsuskoalitsioonis seoses riikliku riskikapitali fondi strateegia paikapanemisega näitavad ilmekalt, et Eesti riigil puudub tänapäevane nägemus Eesti konkurentsieelistest

  14. Kiritimati Isotope (delta 13C, delta 18O, Sr/Ca) Data for 1938 to 1993

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The following is excerpted from Evans et al., J.Geophys. Res., in review, 1998 (please see this paper for references made in this readme file): Proxy climate data...

  15. Strateegia ja suurte plaanide lõpp / John Kay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kay, John

    2001-01-01

    Äristrateegia ettevõttes - selle tekkimine, sisu, ülesanded. Tänapäevane ressursipõhine vaade strateegiale, mis põhineb majandustrendi, konkurentsieelise ja eristavate ning jäljendatavate võimete kontseptsioonidel

  16. On 20 November CERN hosted a symposium to mark the 70th birthday of Chris Llewellyn Smith

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Left to right: (back) Rolf Heuer, Peter Jenni, Lyn Evans, Chris Llewellyn Smith, Steve Cowley, Zehra Sayers, David Gross, Chris Allsopp, Robert Jaffe, Bikash Sinha; (front) Geoffrey West, Álvaro de Rújula, John Ellis.

  17. Phytochemicals and nutritional characteristics of ethanol extract of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ricinodendron Heudelotii) plant were analysed, using standard procedures described by Harbone, 1973, Sofowora, 1993; Trease and Evans, 1989 and Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC) Official method, 1990; 1984 respectively.

  18. 75 FR 34419 - Notice of Revision and Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Citrus...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... quarantined areas to prevent the spread of citrus canker, contact Ms. Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Program... quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize the burden of the...

  19. Wound care centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... center; Ischemic ulcer - wound center References Kim PJ, Evans KK, Steinberg JS, Pollard ME, Attinger CE. Critical ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  20. 76 FR 68511 - STP Nuclear Operating Company; South Texas Project, Units 1 and 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... quality of the human environment and published an environmental assessment for this exemption on October... 27th day of October 2011. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division...

  1. 77 FR 62539 - Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc.; Millstone Power Station, Unit 2, Revocation of Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... that the revocation of this exemption will not have a significant effect on the quality of the human..., this 3rd day of October 2012. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director...

  2. 77 FR 27742 - Notice of Public Meetings for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement/Overseas Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... Environmental Quality (40 Code of Federal Regulations parts 1500-1508), and Presidential Executive Order (EO.... Webb Memorial Library and Civic Center, 812 Evans Street, Morehead City, NC 28557. 26. West Florida...

  3. 77 FR 16271 - Biweekly Notice: Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses Involving No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    ... amendments would approve changes to the Quality Assurance Program Manual (QAPM) and Technical Specifications..., Maryland, this 8th day of March 2012. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor Licensing...

  4. Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Gallbladder anatomy Laparoscopic surgery - series References Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  5. 77 FR 70837 - Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... modules are of a quality consistent with low failure rates and minimum maintenance requirements, and... day of November 2012. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of...

  6. 40 CFR Appendix B to Part 300 - National Priorities List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FL City Industries, Inc Orlando C FL Coleman-Evans Wood Preserving Co Whitehouse FL Escambia Wood... Oak Grove Village MO Oronogo-Duenweg Mining Belt Jasper County MO Pools Prairie Neosho MO Quality...

  7. 78 FR 53482 - Entergy Operations, Inc., River Bend Station, Unit 1; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... effect on the quality of the human environment (78 FR 50454; August 19, 2013). This exemption is... Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor Licensing, Office of Nuclear...

  8. 75 FR 15669 - Notice of Intent To Request an Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... Research Program,'' the ``Administrative Manual for the Evans-Allen Cooperative Agricultural Research... burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity...

  9. Micrognathia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to correct tooth position. Images The face References Evans K, Hing AV, Cunningham M. Craniofacial and orthopedic ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  10. Choledocholithiasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 155. Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  11. 76 FR 78228 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Citrus Greening and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    .... Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Program Manager, Emergency and Domestic Programs, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River...; (3) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize...

  12. Taking warfarin (Coumadin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014:chap 35. Kager L, Evans WE. Pharmacogenomics and hematologic diseases. In: Hoffman R, ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  13. 77 FR 55509 - Indiana Michigan Power Company; Donald C. Cook Nuclear Plant, Unit 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... significant effect on the quality of the human environment and has published an environmental assessment for... Rockville, Maryland, this 23rd day of August, 2012. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele Evans...

  14. Basal cell nevus syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nevus syndrome Basal cell nevus syndrome - face References Evans DG, Farndon PA. Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  15. 77 FR 12885 - Millstone Power Station, Units 1, 2 and 3, Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc.; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... significant effect on the quality of the human environment as published in the Federal Register on August 31.... Dated at Rockville, Maryland, this 24th day of February 2012. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of...

  16. 77 FR 13156 - Carolina Power & Light Company; Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant, Unit 1; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... not have a significant effect on the quality of the human environment (February 15, 2012; 77 FR 8903.... For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor...

  17. 76 FR 63671 - Omaha Public Power District, Fort Calhoun Station, Unit 1; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... significant effect on the quality of the human environment (January 3, 2011; 76 FR 187). This exemption is... Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor Licensing, Office of Nuclear...

  18. 76 FR 77563 - Florida Power & Light Company; St. Lucie Plant, Unit No. 1; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... exemption will not have a significant effect on the quality of the human environment (76 FR 53497; dated... of December 2011. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of...

  19. Acute cholecystitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 66. Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  20. 78 FR 58992 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Citrus Canker...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... quarantined areas, contact Ms. Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Policy Manager, PHP, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road..., including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) Enhance the quality, utility, and...

  1. GhNAC18 , a novel cotton ( Gossypium hirsutum L.) NAC gene, is ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GhNAC18, a novel cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) NAC gene, is involved in leaf senescence and diverse stress responses. Ondati Evans, Lingling Dou, Yaning Guo, Chaoyou Pang, Hengling Wei, Meizhen Song, Shuli Fan, Shuxun Yu ...

  2. 77 FR 135 - Exelon Generation Company, LLC, Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... not have a significant effect on the quality of the human environment (76 FR 79227, December 21, 2011.... For The Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor...

  3. Gallbladder removal - open - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cholesys.ashx . Accessed August 9, 2016. Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary System. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  4. 78 FR 21905 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... assumptions used; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the information to be collected; (d... Indian Peaks Wilderness, Guanella Pass and Mount Evans Recreation Center has been identified as the three...

  5. 78 FR 57180 - Biweekly Notice; Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-17

    ... WLS system do not adversely affect the design or quality of any structure, system or component... Rockville, Maryland, this 6th day of September 2013. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans...

  6. Gallbladder removal - laparoscopic - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26119606 . Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary System. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  7. Older Adults and Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... December 11, 2013 • Science Update Join NIMH’s Jovier Evans, Ph.D., Chief of the Geriatric Translational Neuroscience ... 50 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality . NIH Senior Health , with resources from the NIH ...

  8. 77 FR 26793 - Florida Power and Light Company, St. Lucie Plant, Unit No. 2, Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... not have a significant effect on the quality of the human environment (76 FR 53497; August 26, 2011.... For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor...

  9. 77 FR 47121 - Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, LLC; Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... of this exemption will not have a significant effect on the quality of the human environment. This... Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor Licensing, Office...

  10. 76 FR 68512 - Carolina Power & Light Company; H. B. Robinson Steam Electric Plant, Unit 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... determined that the granting of this exemption will not have a significant effect on the quality of the human..., Maryland this 31st day of October 2011. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director...

  11. 75 FR 5322 - Indoor Tanning Association; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order to Aid Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... CONTACT: Janet Evans (202-326-2125), Bureau of Consumer Protection, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW... reliable scientific evidence that is sufficient in quality and quantity based on standards generally...

  12. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Images Gallbladder anatomy Bile pathway References Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  13. Gallstones

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 155. Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  14. Earlobe creases

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on the symptoms. Images Ear lobe crease References Evans K, Hing AV, Cunningham M. Craniofacial malformations. In: ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  15. 78 FR 24756 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... panitumumab. J Nucl Med. 2012 Jan;53(1):113-20. [PMID 22213822]. 5. Evans MJ, et al. Imaging tumor burden in... superior quality RPE. Produce RPE cells that are fully authenticated. Provide ways to perform high...

  16. Gallbladder removal - open

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cholecystolithiasis Gallbladder Gallbladder removal - Series References Jackson PG, Evans SRT. Biliary system. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp ... A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among ...

  17. 76 FR 10596 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Janet M. Evans, Attorney, 202-326- 2125, or Carolyn L. Hann, Attorney, 202-326-2745... the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the...

  18. 40 CFR 799.1560 - Diethylene glycol butyl ether and diethylene glycol butyl ether acetate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... attention directed toward achieving optimal quality in the fixation and embedding; preparations of... Evans (1971) under § 798.6050(f)(6) of this chapter. (B)(1) Motor activity. A motor activity test shall...

  19. 77 FR 52765 - Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc. Millstone Power Station, Unit 3; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... determined that the granting of this exemption will not have a significant effect on the quality of the human... day of August 2012. For the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of...

  20. 75 FR 54694 - Notice of Availability of a Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... Counsel of Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations implementing NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500 et seq.) and FRA's... and additions, which include a new Victorville passenger station option at Dale Evans Parkway, a rail...

  1. 78 FR 67038 - FD&C Green No. 3; Exemption From the Requirement of a Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    .... A 3-generation reproduction study was completed on FD&C Green No. 3 in Long-Evans rats at dose... Quality Protection Act (FQPA) safety factor (SF). In applying this provision, EPA either retains the...

  2. 77 FR 5481 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Special Need Requests...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ...: For information on special need requests under the Plant Protection Act, contact Ms. Lynn Evans..., including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) Enhance the quality, utility, and...

  3. Physical, chemical, and deepwater current profiles collected from CTD, XBT, and ADCP moorings in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico from January 19, 2005 to January 28, 2006 (NODC Accession 0070922)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A Minerals Management Service (MMS) program entitled Survey of Deepwater Currents in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico, awarded to Evans-Hamilton, Inc. This data set...

  4. 40 CFR 797.1050 - Algal acute toxicity test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Evans blue stain to a 1 milliliter aliquot of algae from a control container and to a 1 milliliter...) Methods and data records of all chemical analyses of water quality and test substance concentrations...

  5. Ginkgo

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... controlled trial. JAMA. 2008;300(19):2253-2262. Evans JR. Ginkgo biloba extract for age-related macular ... reduce the risk of cardiovascular events? Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. 2010;3(1):41-47. Laws ...

  6. 76 FR 40872 - Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Domestic Quarantine Notices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... diseases, contact Ms. Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Program Manager, Emergency and Domestic Programs, PPQ... quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize the burden of the...

  7. 77 FR 46339 - Chrysanthemum White Rust Regulatory Status and Restrictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ... coming. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Program Manager, Emergency and... manage CWR as a quality pest of chrysanthemum without Federal restrictions requiring eradication of this...

  8. 78 FR 60376 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection Renewal; Submission for OMB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... Currency, 400 7th Street SW., Suite 3E-218, Mailstop 9W-11, Washington, DC 20219. FDIC: Michael R. Evans... collection, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) Ways to enhance the quality...

  9. 78 FR 52987 - Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc., Indian Point Nuclear Generating Unit 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ... concludes that the proposed action will not have a significant effect on the quality of the human... Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor Licensing, Office of Nuclear Reactor...

  10. 76 FR 73640 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Request for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... of information and supporting documentation should be addressed to Janet M. Evans, Attorney, 202-326... regarding ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected.\\8\\ The FTC...

  11. 78 FR 38450 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Information Collection Renewal; Reverse Mortgage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ...: Michael R. Evans, Fair Lending Specialist, Compliance Policy Section, Division of Supervision and Consumer... methodology and assumptions used; (c) Ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to...

  12. 78 FR 57351 - A Reinstatement of a Previously Approved Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... ``Administrative Manual for the Evans-Allen Cooperative Agricultural Research Program,'' and the ``Administrative... burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity...

  13. 78 FR 48644 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Plum Pox Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... plum pox compensation, contact Ms. Lynn Evans-Goldner, National Policy Manager, PHP, PPQ, APHIS, 4700... quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) Minimize the burden of the...

  14. Childhood Obesity Causes & Consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2013;62(15):1309–1319. Lloyd LJ, Langley-Evans SC, McMullen S. Childhood obesity and risk of the ... et al. Association of depression and health related quality of life with body composition in children and ...

  15. 77 FR 71757 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Phoenix...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ...-quality fruit. The petition includes citations for various references and resources used to support the... determination for Alsea Valley Alliance v. Evans (161 F. Supp. 2d 1154 D. Ore.), referenced cases in which it...

  16. 77 FR 26318 - Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC., Oconee Nuclear Station, Units 1, 2, and 3 Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ... not have a significant effect on the quality of the human environment 77 FR 21594. This exemption is... Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Michele G. Evans, Director, Division of Operating Reactor Licensing, Office...

  17. Twisting formula of epsilon factors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sazzad Ali Biswas

    2017-08-07

    mail: sabiswas@cmi.ac.in; sazzad.jumath@gmail.com ...... [1] Berndt B C, Evans R J, Williams K S, Gauss and Jacobi sums, Canadian Mathematical Society. Series of Monographs and Advanced Texts 21 (1998) (Wiley).

  18. Plaadid / Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Mart, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Kelly Osbourne "Sleeping in the Nothing", The Black Eyed Peas "Monkey Business", Faith Evans "The First Lady", Joni Mitchell "Songs of a Prairie Girl", Mylene Farmer "Que L'ombre"

  19. Cold recycle pavement using urea urethane dispersion agent and rubber : final report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-12-01

    This research study was a joint venture of the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT), Evans, Loosely, Inc., and Roseburg Paving Company, to evaluate the use of Urea Urethane Dispersion (UUD) agent, with finely ground tire rubber, high float emul...

  20. 75 FR 18079 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ..., 2009; The Honorable Kenny January 20, 2010 040107 09-0436P). September 22, 2009; Evans, Mayor, Town of... Honorable Tom Reid, October 29, 2009 480077 06-0819P). 1, 2009; Pearland Mayor, City of Pearland, Reporter...

  1. The Economic Outlook and the Role of Credit Intermediation

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Charles L.

    2008-01-01

    Remarks by Charles L. Evans, President and Chief Executive Officer,Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Chartered Financial Analysts Society of Chicago Lunch Mid-America Club 200 East Randolph Street Chicago, Illinois

  2. Euroopa aastal 2067 : Häda neile, kes segavad muessini / Henryk M. Broder ; tõlk. Kaie Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Broder, Henryk M.

    2007-01-01

    Tulevikuvisioonis määrab elu Euroopas islami ̧ariaat, sellele osutab tänapäevane islami autonoomiate väljakuulutamine mitmel pool, moslemi tavade arvestamine ja pealetung erinevates eluvaldkondades

  3. Synthesis, microstructure and mechanical properties of ceria ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Zirconia; ceria stabilized zirconia; nanocrystalline; spray drying; toughened ceramics; mechanical properties. 1. Introduction. Ceria stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline cera- mics possess distinct advantages over other conventional structural ceramic materials (Garvie et al 1975; Evans and. Cannon 1986) because ...

  4. Nutrient enrichment of pineapple waste using Aspergillus niger and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nutrient enrichment of pineapple waste using Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma viride by solid state fermentation. Evans Otieno Omwango, Eliud Nyaga Mwaniki Njagi, George Owino Orinda, Ruth Nduta Wanjau ...

  5. INCORPORATION OF MECHANISTIC INFORMATION IN THE ARSENIC PBPK MODEL DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

    Science.gov (United States)

    INCORPORATING MECHANISTIC INSIGHTS IN A PBPK MODEL FOR ARSENICElaina M. Kenyon, Michael F. Hughes, Marina V. Evans, David J. Thomas, U.S. EPA; Miroslav Styblo, University of North Carolina; Michael Easterling, Analytical Sciences, Inc.A physiologically based phar...

  6. Perceptual Demonstrative Thought: A Property-Dependent Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Crawford, Sean

    2018-01-01

    The paper presents a new theory of perceptual demonstrative thought, the property-dependent theory. It argues that the theory is superior to both the object-dependent theory (Evans, McDowell) and the object-independent theory (Burge).

  7. Formula for a solution of ut ‡ H…uYDu† ˆ g

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dxn. X This problem has been studied extensively using the method of viscosity solutions developed by Crandall, Evans and Lions [7,10]. An excellent reference for this is the lecture notes of Evans [7]. It has been shown ([10], Ch. 9, Remark. 9.1) that apart from the usual hypothesis on H, if there exist a P R such that for all …

  8. Seeing the Forest from the Sky: Joint Airpower Through the Lens of Complex Systems Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    Dr. James Mulvenon,Frank Hoffman, Lt Col Kelly Martin (USAF), Oliver Fritz, Eric Sterner,Dr. Greg Rattray, Chris Evans, Jason Healey , Robert D...Sterner,Dr. Greg Rattray, Chris Evans, Jason Healey , Robert D. Kaplan. Contested Commons:The Future of American Power in a Multipolar World. Edited...Sorrells, Lieutenant Colonel Glen R. Downing, USAF, Major Paul J. Blakesley, British Army,Major David W. Pendall, US Army, Major Jason K. Walk

  9. 1980年代複製技術の進展と写真の差異 : シェリー・レヴィーンのシミュレーション画像

    OpenAIRE

    鉢呂, 光恵; Mitsue, HACHIRO; 藤女子大学人間生活学部保育学科非常勤講師

    2013-01-01

    In 1981, Sherrie Levine rephotographed the reproduced photos of "Allie Mae Burroughs" (1936) by Walker Evans. This work, "After Walker Evans" (1981), drew considerable attention from critics. This work by Levine attempted to meditate on the developing reproduction techniques' influence on art, and her work can be called unique with regard to the following two points. 1) Levine's work is not merely a reproduction of the original artwork but her own photography that is different from the origin...

  10. Report of the Defense Science Board 1979 Summer Study on Reducing the Unit Cost of Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-01

    AUGUSTINE MEMBERS GEORGE HUEBNER WILLIAM .1. EVANS. GEN USA( RET ) ALEXANDER H. FLAX GEORGE H. HEILMEIER DAVID R. HEEBNER RICHARD TRAINOR ROBERT...J. Evans, USAF ( Ret .) *Dr. Alexander H. Flax *Mr. Charles A. Fowler Mr. Richard C. Garretson Mr. Howard Gates Mr. Robert G. Gibson Lt. Col...VADM USN( RET ) SELF EMPLOYED JOHN E. STEINER BOEING LEONARD SULLIVAN SYSTEM PLANNING POSITION SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT & SPECIAL ASSISTANT VICE

  11. The Decibel Report: Acoustic Sound Measurement Modeling and the Effects of Sonar on Marine Mammals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    Carey, W. M., and Richard B. Evans, Ocean Ambient Noise: Measurement and Theory , First Edition, Springer-Verlag Publisher (publication date pending...pertaining to this subject are the NRC’s "Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals൷ and Carey and Evan’s book on ocean ambient noise measurement and theory .4<) In...Hawaii, has demonstrated experimentally how dolphins use an internal gain control mechanism in which their outgoing echolocation levels

  12. 78 FR 54437 - Interagency Cooperation-Endangered Species Act of 1973, as Amended; Incidental Take Statements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    .... 2001); Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc. v. Evans, 279 F. Supp. 2d 1129, 1184-85 (N.D. Cal. 2003); Ctr... demonstrated (i.e., the number of burrows affected or a quantitative loss of cover, food, water quality, or... Biological Diversity v. Salazar, 695 F.3d 893 (9th Cir. 2012); NRDC v. Evans, 279 F.Supp.2d 1129 (N.D. Cal...

  13. Multi-Qubit Algorithms in Josephson Phase Qubits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-15

    state measurement in superconducting qubits, ( ) Josh Mutus, Ted White, Rami Barends, Yu Chen, Zijun Chen, Ben Chiaro, Andrew Dunsworth, Evan...Wenner, Yi Yin, Yu Chen, Rami Barends, Ben Chiaro, Evan Jeffrey, Julian Kelly, Anthony Megrant, Josh Mutus, Charles Neill, Peter O’Malley, Pedram...UCSB nal report for the CSQ program:Review of decoherence and materials physics for superconducting qubits, Unknown (07 2015) John M. Martinis, Rami

  14. Taxonomia de Bakeriella (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae da Bolívia Taxonomy of Bakeriella (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae from Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso O. Azevedo

    Full Text Available A fauna de Bakeriella da Bolívia é analisada taxonomicamente. Bakeriella bulbosa Azevedo & Moreira sp. nov., B. labans Azevedo & Moreira sp. nov., B. vicina Azevedo & Moreira sp. nov., B. absens Kawada & Azevedo sp. nov. e B. nuda Kawada & Azevedo sp. nov. são descritas e ilustradas. Novos registros geográficos e dados de variações de B. montivaga (Kieffer, 1910, B. reclusa (Evans, 1969, B. incompleta Azevedo, 1994, B. inca Evans, 1964, B. polita Evans, 1964, B. flavicornis Kieffer, 1910 e B. lata Kawada & Azevedo, 2003 são fornecidos.The Bakeriella fauna from Bolivia is taxonomically analyzed. Bakeriella bulbosa Azevedo & Moreira sp. nov., B. labans Azevedo & Moreira sp. nov., B. vicina Azevedo & Moreira sp. nov., B. absens Kawada & Azevedo sp. nov. and B. nuda Kawada & Azevedo sp. nov. are described and illustrated. New geographic records and variation data of B. montivaga (Kieffer, 1910, B. reclusa (Evans, 1969, B. incompleta Azevedo, 1994, B. inca Evans, 1964, B. polita Evans, 1964, B. flavicornis Kieffer, 1910 and B. lata Kawada & Azevedo, 2003 are provided.

  15. COMPARISON OF THE NEW IRON DOSAGE METHODS FOR DRINKING WATER PRODUCTION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kowalski, Krysztof; Søgaard, Erik Gydesen

    salts that remove it with in a coprecipitation process. Recently, an extra focus has been put on other possibilities to add iron ions during the process, which can be done with help of zero-valent iron (ZVI) or electrolytic iron dissolution. Both techniques has been implemented for removal of heavy......Arsenic is considered as one of the most concerned pollutants in the world due to its adverse health effects. Therefore, its content in drinking water has been recommended to be limited to 10 μg/L (WHO 2006). On of the conventional methods for arsenic removal is based on the addition of ferrous...... metals and arsenic and showed to be useful for this purpose (Kowalski and Søgaard 2012). ZVI is driven by spontaneous redox reactions, which limits its control and therefore optimization. However, in case of iron electrodissolution, where process is driven by the applied current to the sacrifice anode...

  16. Sailing the "Seven C's" of Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weismuller, Penny C; Willgerodt, Mayumi A; McClanahan, Rachel; Helm-Remund, Terri

    2016-01-01

    Nurses are increasingly being called upon to lead changes within health care. How do nurses and, in particular, school nurses become leaders? School nurses lead daily in their work but often do not recognize themselves as leaders. The "Five C's of Leadership"-character, commitment, connectedness, compassion, and confidence-identified by Kowalski and Yoder-Wise are foundational to the development of leadership and are particularly relevant to school nurses and their role. Two additional attributes found in the literature-courage and capacity-also undergird school nursing practice. In this article, we describe how school nurses already embody these leadership qualities. Each leadership attribute is reviewed in light of the literature, followed by specific examples to demonstrate how school nurses provide leadership. Through these illustrations, school nurses can recognize and embrace their present leadership abilities. In addition, by using the "Seven C's" of leadership, school nurses can enhance their inherent leadership abilities. © 2015 The Author(s).

  17. NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Paramagnetic Macromolecules

    CERN Document Server

    1995-01-01

    Since A. Kowalsky's first report of the spectrum of cytochrome c in 1965, interest in the detection, assignment and interpretation of paramagnetic molecules has surged, especially in the last decade. Two classes of systems have played a key role in the development of the field: heme proteins and iron-sulfur proteins. These two systems are unique in many respects, one of which is that they contain well-defined chromophores, each of which can be studied in detail outside the protein matrix. They are the most successfully studied macromolecules, and the first eight and last six of the seventeen contributions to this book deal with heme and/or iron-sulfur proteins. The middle three chapters survey the progress on, and significant promise of, more difficult systems which do not possess a chromophore, but which have nevertheless yielded remarkable insights into their structure.

  18. Noniterative Multireference Coupled Cluster Methods on Heterogeneous CPU-GPU Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhaskaran-Nair, Kiran; Ma, Wenjing; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Villa, Oreste; van Dam, Hubertus JJ; Apra, Edoardo; Kowalski, Karol

    2013-04-09

    A novel parallel algorithm for non-iterative multireference coupled cluster (MRCC) theories, which merges recently introduced reference-level parallelism (RLP) [K. Bhaskaran-Nair, J.Brabec, E. Aprà, H.J.J. van Dam, J. Pittner, K. Kowalski, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 094112 (2012)] with the possibility of accelerating numerical calculations using graphics processing unit (GPU) is presented. We discuss the performance of this algorithm on the example of the MRCCSD(T) method (iterative singles and doubles and perturbative triples), where the corrections due to triples are added to the diagonal elements of the MRCCSD (iterative singles and doubles) effective Hamiltonian matrix. The performance of the combined RLP/GPU algorithm is illustrated on the example of the Brillouin-Wigner (BW) and Mukherjee (Mk) state-specific MRCCSD(T) formulations.

  19. Addressing climate misinformation as an educational opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, J.

    2012-12-01

    A significant contributor to public confusion about climate change is the surplus of misinformation available on the Internet and in the mainstream media. However, psychological research into effective myth refutation reveals an unexpected opportunity in the face of this wave of misinformation. Experiments in higher education classrooms have shown that directly refuting misinformation is more effective in reducing the influence of myths than merely teaching the facts (Kowalski & Taylor 2009) and can facilitate teaching critical thinking skills (Bedford 2010). Refutation lessons are also shown to result in more cognitive engagement from students (Muller 2008). This presentation summarizes the psychological research on refutation and how it can be applied to climate education. Practical examples and resources are provided, empowering teachers to effectively refute climate myths in the classroom.

  20. Confronting Misinformation in Climate Change Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedford, D. P.

    2012-12-01

    Among the many challenges faced by climate change educators is the highly politicized nature of the subject matter (e.g. McCright and Dunlap, 2011) and the associated misinformation from key media outlets and websites (e.g. see Oreskes and Conway, 2010). Students typically do not enter the classroom as 'blank slates', but often have already formed some opinion about climate change which may or may not be based on reputable sources. Further, many students have lives outside the classroom and/or off campus, and even those who do live in an isolated bubble of campus life will eventually graduate. Thus, providing students with a level of climate change knowledge and understanding robust enough to cope with misinformation may be an important goal for educators. This paper presents a case study of the direct use of climate change misinformation as a college-level classroom activity. Some research from other fields (notably psychology) has found that directly addressing misconceptions in the classroom can be the most effective means of dispelling them (Kowalski and Taylor, 2009). However, directly confronting misinformation in the classroom carries inherent risks, such as reinforcing misconceptions (e.g. Cook and Lewandowsky, 2011). This paper therefore considers approaches to minimizing those risks while attempting to maximize the possible benefits. This paper argues that use of misinformation as a teaching tool can provide useful exercises in critical thinking, testing of content knowledge, and consideration of the nature of science. Cook, J. and S. Lewandowsky. 2011. The Debunking Handbook. Online publication available www.skepticalscience.com/docs/Debunking_Handbook.pdf. Accessed 7 July 2012. Kowalski, P. and A.K. Taylor. 2009. DOI: 10.1080/00986280902959986. McCright, A., and R.T. Dunlap. 2011. The politicization of climate change and polarization in the American public's views of global warming, 2001-2010. The Sociological Quarterly 52:2, 155-194. Oreskes, N. and E

  1. A computational study on the effect of fracture intrusion distance in three- and four-part trochanteric fractures treated with Gamma nail and sliding hip screw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goffin, Jérôme M; Pankaj, Pankaj; Simpson, A Hamish

    2014-01-01

    Using finite element analysis, the behaviors of the Gamma nail and the sliding hip screw (SHS) were compared in an osteoporotic bone model for the fixation of three- and four-part trochanteric fractures (31-A2 in the AO classification, types IV and V in Evans' classification). The size of the medial fragment was varied based on clinical data, and the case of a fractured greater trochanter was also considered. Our results showed that for Evans' type V stabilized with a Gamma nail and for Evans' types IV and V with the SHS, cancellous bone around the lag screw is susceptible to yielding, thus indicating a risk of cut-out. The volume of bone susceptible to yielding increases with an increase in size of the medial fragment. Conversely, Evans' type IV with a Gamma nail was not predicted to cut out. Our findings suggest that future clinical trials investigating fixation of unstable proximal fractures should include the size of the medial fragment and the integrity of the greater trochanter as covariables and be powered to evaluate whether intramedullary devices are superior to SHSs for Evans' type IV fractures and inferior/equivalent for type V. © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Effects of chronic oral consumption of nicotine on the rabbit aortic endothelium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booyse, F M; Osikowicz, G; Quarfoot, A J

    1981-02-01

    New Zealand white rabbits (10) were administered daily doses of nicotine (2.4 mg/kg/day) in their drinking water for 25 weeks. Nicotine-treated rabbits were compared with control rabbits (10) in terms of blood serum biochemistry and lipid profiles, blood cells counts, changes in aortic endothelial cell morphologic characteristic and distribution, and vessel wall permeability (Evans blue dye uptake). Fasting serum levels of glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol were elevated in nicotine-treated rabbits. No significant differences (nicotine vs control) were seen in leukocyte, erythrocyte and platelet counts, or hematocrit and hemoglobin. Control and nicotine-treated rabbit aortas showed similar focal areas of increased Evans blue dye uptake; staining was localized primarily to aortic arch areas. Endothelial cells (luminal surface) from non-Evans blue and Evans blue arch areas were examined by a combination of Häutchen preparation (silver-stained vessels) and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Endothelial cells from nicotine-treated arch areas (Evans-blue-stained) showed extensive changes such as: increased cytoplasmic silver deposition, increased formation of microvilli, and numerous focal areas of "ruffled" endothelium (projections on cell surfaces). These data indicate that nicotine, administered orally to rabbits, has a demonstrable in vivo morphologic effect on endothelial cells in the aortic arch.

  3. International Post-Graduate Study Course

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    Full text: Head: Tadeusz Lesiak, Assoc. Prof. Doctoral studies at the Institute of Nuclear Physics began in 1984. We co-operate closely with the Tadeusz Kosciuszko Technical University and the Pedagogical Academy in Cracow as well as with the University of Rzeszow. There is also a close collaboration, based on bilateral agreements, with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna), the Czech Technical University (Prague), the State Byelorussian University (Minsk), the Bilkent University (Ankara) and Universite Paris 6 Pierre et Marie Curie. Prospective candidates have to be university graduates with a M.Sc. degree in Physics or with a M.Eng. degree in a physics-related discipline of applied science. The recruitment is performed every year. Available subjects of study span theoretical and experimental investigations of fundamental interactions (High Energy Physics), theoretical and experimental investigations of condensed matter, atomic physics, astrophysics, foundations of physical theories and mathematical methods of physics, dynamical systems in studies of complex phenomena in nature, computer modeling of structural and dynamical properties of condensed matter, physical methods in investigations of polymers, biological and biomedical applications of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and other tomography methods, radioisotopes for biomedical sciences, radiation in medical diagnosis and therapy, ultra-sensitive detection methods in biology, material science and environment control, ion implementation in the preparation of new materials. The studies are of four years duration. In the academic year 2006/07 we have 72 students. A substantial part of them are foreigners (eight from the former Soviet Union and two from Italy). We observe a significant growth in the number of applications, especially from Ukraine and Belarus. The successive candidates from these countries are routinely awarded scholarships, founded by Polish Ministry of National Education. In the period

  4. Gold awards for CERN's top suppliers!

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    CERN's awards to the LHC project's best suppliers are now into their second year. Three companies received 'Golden Hadrons' for 2003. The Golden Hadron awards were presented to the delighted representatives of the winning firms by LHC Project Leader Lyn Evans on Friday 16 May. Only three out of the LHC's four hundred suppliers were lucky enough to receive a gold award. The consortium IHI (Japan)-Linde Kryotechnik (Switzerland), the Belgian company JDL Technologies and the Japanese firm Furukawa Electric Company were rewarded not only for their technical and financial achievements but also for their compliance with contractual deadlines. The 2003 Golden Hadron winners with Lyn Evans. From left to right: Armin Senn, Thomas Voigt, Kirkor Kurtcuoglu of LINDE KRYOTECHNIK ; Tadaaki Honda, Project Leader and Motoki Yoshinaga, Associate Director of IHI Corporation ; Lyn Evans, LHC Project Leader; Shinichiro Meguro, Managing Director of FURUKAWA ELECTRIC COMPANY ; Nobuyoshi Saji, Consulting Engineer of IHI Corporatio...

  5. Golden Hadron awards for the LHC's top suppliers.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    The following firms have been selected to receive a GOLDEN HADRON AWARD 2003, in recognition of their outstanding achievement: JDL TECHNOLOGIES, Belgium "in producing automatic cable inspection systems", FURUKAWA ELECTRIC COMPANY, Japan "in producing high quality superconducting cable", IHI Corporation, Japan, and LINDE KRYOTECHNIK, Switzerland "in producing novel 1.8 K refrigeration units based on advanced cold compressor technology" for the Large Hadron Collider.Photos 01, 02: Recipients of the 2003 Golden Hadron awards at the presentation ceremony on 16 May.Photo 03: LHC project leader Lyn Evans updates the award recipients on work for CERN's new accelerator.Photo 04: René Joannes of JDL Technologies (left) receives a Golden Hadron award from LHC project leader Lyn Evans.Shinichiro Meguro, managing director of Furukawa Electric Company, receives a Golden Hadron award from LHC project leader Lyn Evans.Photo 06: Kirkor Kurtcuoglu of Linde Kryotechnik (left) and Motoki Yoshinaga, associate director of IHI...

  6. Abiotic versus biotic drivers of ocean pH variation under fast sea ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matson, Paul G; Washburn, Libe; Martz, Todd R; Hofmann, Gretchen E

    2014-01-01

    Ocean acidification is expected to have a major effect on the marine carbonate system over the next century, particularly in high latitude seas. Less appreciated is natural environmental variation within these systems, particularly in terms of pH, and how this natural variation may inform laboratory experiments. In this study, we deployed sensor-equipped moorings at 20 m depths at three locations in McMurdo Sound, comprising deep (bottom depth>200 m: Hut Point Peninsula) and shallow environments (bottom depth ∼25 m: Cape Evans and New Harbor). Our sensors recorded high-frequency variation in pH (Hut Point and Cape Evans only), tide (Cape Evans and New Harbor), and water mass properties (temperature and salinity) during spring and early summer 2011. These collective observations showed that (1) pH differed spatially both in terms of mean pH (Cape Evans: 8.009±0.015; Hut Point: 8.020±0.007) and range of pH (Cape Evans: 0.090; Hut Point: 0.036), and (2) pH was not related to the mixing of two water masses, suggesting that the observed pH variation is likely not driven by this abiotic process. Given the large daily fluctuation in pH at Cape Evans, we developed a simple mechanistic model to explore the potential for biotic processes--in this case algal photosynthesis--to increase pH by fixing carbon from the water column. For this model, we incorporated published photosynthetic parameters for the three dominant algal functional groups found at Cape Evans (benthic fleshy red macroalgae, crustose coralline algae, and sea ice algal communities) to estimate oxygen produced/carbon fixed from the water column underneath fast sea ice and the resulting pH change. These results suggest that biotic processes may be a primary driver of pH variation observed under fast sea ice at Cape Evans and potentially at other shallow sites in McMurdo Sound.

  7. Abiotic versus biotic drivers of ocean pH variation under fast sea ice in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul G Matson

    Full Text Available Ocean acidification is expected to have a major effect on the marine carbonate system over the next century, particularly in high latitude seas. Less appreciated is natural environmental variation within these systems, particularly in terms of pH, and how this natural variation may inform laboratory experiments. In this study, we deployed sensor-equipped moorings at 20 m depths at three locations in McMurdo Sound, comprising deep (bottom depth>200 m: Hut Point Peninsula and shallow environments (bottom depth ∼25 m: Cape Evans and New Harbor. Our sensors recorded high-frequency variation in pH (Hut Point and Cape Evans only, tide (Cape Evans and New Harbor, and water mass properties (temperature and salinity during spring and early summer 2011. These collective observations showed that (1 pH differed spatially both in terms of mean pH (Cape Evans: 8.009±0.015; Hut Point: 8.020±0.007 and range of pH (Cape Evans: 0.090; Hut Point: 0.036, and (2 pH was not related to the mixing of two water masses, suggesting that the observed pH variation is likely not driven by this abiotic process. Given the large daily fluctuation in pH at Cape Evans, we developed a simple mechanistic model to explore the potential for biotic processes--in this case algal photosynthesis--to increase pH by fixing carbon from the water column. For this model, we incorporated published photosynthetic parameters for the three dominant algal functional groups found at Cape Evans (benthic fleshy red macroalgae, crustose coralline algae, and sea ice algal communities to estimate oxygen produced/carbon fixed from the water column underneath fast sea ice and the resulting pH change. These results suggest that biotic processes may be a primary driver of pH variation observed under fast sea ice at Cape Evans and potentially at other shallow sites in McMurdo Sound.

  8. Microculture for the isolation of Leishmania parasites from cutaneous lesions -- Sri Lankan experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihalamulla, R L; Rajapaksa, U S; Karunaweera, N D

    2005-09-01

    Novy, McNeal and Nicolle (NNN) medium and Evans' modified Tobie's medium are two conventional media for the isolation of Leishmania parasites in in-vitro cultures. Both are biphasic, with a solid layer of blood agar, and are normally prepared in glass test-tubes. In Sri Lanka at least, a monophasic microcapillary culture, based solely on RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with foetal calf serum, has been found simpler, more economical and more sensitive, for the isolation of L. donovani from skin lesions, than the use of Evans' modified Tobie's medium.

  9. Remembering Sedat Pakay 1945–2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Leeming

    2017-10-01

    He studied at the Yale School of Art under Walker Evans, Paul Strand, and Herbert Matter and became a successful photo-journalist and filmmaker. His subjects for photographic portraits included Andy Warhol, Mark Rothko, Josef Albers, Gordon Parks, and, especially, James Baldwin. Pakay’s best-known films are Walker Evans/America (2000 and, as all Baldwin scholars and friends know, James Baldwin: From Another Place, filmed in Istanbul in 1970.

  10. Stable isotope analysis of migratory connectivity in a threatened intra-African migrant, the Blue Swallow (Hirundo atrocaerulea)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wakelin, J

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available and has been red-listed as ‘‘Critically Endangered’’ (Evans and Barnes 2000). Factors implicated in the species’ decline over the last two decades include habitat destruction through agriculture and forestry (Wakelin and Hill 2007), as well as its... on the wintering grounds. Although all the indi- viduals we were able to sex were females, males also winter at Sango Bay, and non-breeding ranges do not differ between the sexes (S.W. Evans, personal communication). Fig. 1 Approximate breeding (black) and non...

  11. Application of near-infrared spectroscopy to predict microfibril angle of 14-year-old Pinus patula

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Zbonak, A

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available . Proc. of the IAWA/IUFRO International workshop on the significance of microfibril angle to wood quality, Westport, New Zealand. pp. 116-139. Evans R., Hughes M., Menz D. 1999. Microfibril angle variation by scanning X-ray diffractometry... production and an important source of fibre for pulp industry. The microfibril angle (MFA) of the S2 layer in the fibres cell wall is known to be one of the main determinants of the mechanical properties of solid wood (Cave and Walker 1994; Evans...

  12. Implementing small, and medium enterprises (SME) waste and recycling programmes

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Muswema, Aubrey P

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available in trading, transport, and multipurpose activities. Recent reports in the press point towards a drive by national government to formalise the informal sector (Evans, 2016). It is not clear what interventions will be taken in this regard. There is however... the initial capital set-up costs for emerging entrepreneurs” (Evans, 2016: 1) The CSIR has recently completed a study for the DBSA and Green fund (the CSIR study), which looked at ’Evaluation of co-operatives as a developmental vehicle to support job...

  13. Anticipating potential biodiversity conflicts for future biofuel crops in South Africa: incorporating spatial filters with species distribution models

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Blanchard, R

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available for biodiversity (Evans et al., 2010, Wilcove et al., 2000), as a wider 17 range of land types can be brought into production when compared to conventional 18 agricultural areas (Beringer et al., 2011, Field et al., 2007, Righelato & Spracklen, 2007). 19 One... modelling (SDM) techniques that rely on 3 presence-only records have been shown to provide a useful screening tool to determine 4 suitable climatic environments for potential dedicated energy crops (Evans et al., 2010). The 5 recent use of SDMs...

  14. Private sector community forestry partnerships in the Eastern Cape – The Longweni woodlot case study

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cocks, M

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available for sustainable private sector forestry in South Africa. The reports in this series are listed below. Instruments for Sustainable Private Sector Forestry, South Africa – report series Overview and synthesis • Mayers, J., Evans, J. and Foy, T. 2001. Raising.... • Heyl, L., von Maltitz, G., Evans, J. and Segoale, R. 2000. Issues and opportunities for small-scale sawmilling in South Africa: an Eastern Cape case study. This report describes the scale, structure and market niche of the small sawmilling subsector...

  15. Efficient N-Arylation and N-Alkenylation of the Five DNA/RNANucleobases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Mikkel Fog; Knudsen, Martin M.; Gothelf, Kurt Vesterager

    2006-01-01

    A general approach to N-arylation and N-alkenylation of all five DNA/RNA nucleobases at the nitrogen atom normally attached to the sugar moiety in DNA or RNA has been developed. Various protected or masked nucleobases engaged readily in the copper-mediated Chan-Lam-Evans-modified Ullmann condensa......A general approach to N-arylation and N-alkenylation of all five DNA/RNA nucleobases at the nitrogen atom normally attached to the sugar moiety in DNA or RNA has been developed. Various protected or masked nucleobases engaged readily in the copper-mediated Chan-Lam-Evans-modified Ullmann...

  16. [The tragic doubt].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musial, G

    2001-01-01

    Starting with two statements made by two great artists and witnesses of the XXth century - Joseph Brodsky and the Polish poet, Tadeusz Rozewicz - the author discusses the roots of our current moral crisis to which we ourselves bear witness: in the unchecked population explosion (Brodsky), and in the sinister legacy of World War II, the effects of which we witness on a daily basis (Rozewicz). The author recalls a third witness: Czeslaw Milosz, who wrote that the world's progress exhibits an inevitable tendency toward nihilism. In his discourse with the three statements mentioned, the author refers to certain XXth century intellectuals - Ortega y Gasset, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, Mircea Eliade, Herbert Read - who confirm and develop the thesis of man s spiritual fall and rejection of transcendence through technology. The author further illustrates his thesis with examples taken from the scientific research concerning IT, cloning, euthanasia, as well as from the world of the arts from the apocalyptic works of Hieronymous Bosch and Pieter Bruegel the Elder to the latest performers. He invokes a worldview which, by rejecting the metaphysics of man s birth, aging, and death, also rejects the judeo-christian taboo of the human body as a "dwelling place for the spirit" (porno festivals, exhibitions of human corpses by Prof. von Hagens in Germany).

  17. [Level of education comparing to eating behaviours and anthropometrical indicators of nutritional status among men of Cracovian population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gacek, Maria; Chrzanowska, Maria

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate of educating level effect as one indicator of social status on eating behaviours and anthropometrical parameters of nutritional status in professionally active men aged 20-60 at city environment. The research was conducted into 1320 workers of Tadeusz Sendzimir's Steelworks in Cracov. The research tool was the author's questionnaire which included questions about meal consumption regularity and frequency of consuming selected groups of foodstuffs. The indicators of nutritional status were fixed on the base of anthropometrical measurements, whereas the body content was estimated by method of bioimpendation with the use of electronic scales TBF-300P. Differentiation of some eating behaviours depending on the level of education was proved; but one cannot definitely estimate the relation of these parameters, as the higher educated people aged 40-60 years old more frequently declare two meal style of eating and more often consume confectionery than the lower educated; in turn vocationally educated men aged 20-40 more often declare consuming fast food products. Statistically considerable differentiation in some anthropometrical indicators of nutritional status depending of the level of education among men aged 40-60 was also proved. Men of vocational education are characterized by the highest value of WHR indicator but at the same time lower value of the 4 skin-fatty folds sum than higher educated people.

  18. Book review: Safety of Biologics Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robak T

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tadeusz Robak Department of Hematology, Medical University of Lodz and Copernicus Memorial Hospital, Lodz, PolandSafety of Biologics Therapy: Monoclonal Antibodies, Cytokines, Fusion Proteins, Hormones, Enzymes, Coagulation Proteins, Vaccines, Botulinum Toxins (Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2016 by Brian A Baldo from the Molecular Immunology Unit, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital of Sydney, and the Department of Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia, is a book that belongs on the shelf of everyone in the field of biologic therapies research and clinical practice. In writing this book, the author’s intention was to produce an up-to-date text book on approved biologic therapies, as far as that is possible in this time of rapidly evolving developments in biotherapeutic research and the introduction of new and novel agents for clinical use.The monograph comprises 610 pages in 13 chapters, each including a summary and further reading suggestions. All chapters include a discussion of basic and clinical material. Well-designed, comprehensive tables and color figures are present throughout the book. The book itself examines the biologic products that have regulatory approval in the USA and/or European Union and that show every indication of remaining important therapies. It covers in great detail all the latest work on peptide hormones and enzymes, monoclonal antibodies, fusion proteins, and cytokine therapies. Beyond that, it also presents the latest information on blood coagulation proteins, vaccines, botulinum neurotoxins, and biosimilars. 

  19. “Francis Bacon or Diego Velázquez in a dentist’s chair” – pictorial and other kinds of quotations as an addition to a disintegrating life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arent van Nieukerken

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The mature poetry of Tadeusz Różewicz seems to be at odds with both modernist and postmodern literary tenets. It undeniably makes abundant use of intertextuality (including self-quotations, but in spite of this [post]modernist tendency it does resist self-referential impersonality. Różewicz again immerses allusions to images, texts and other artifacts – which, according to formalist and structuralist interpretations, should disengage themselves from an artist’s biography in order to achieve aesthetic autonomy – in the current of life, devoid of an innate sense and always identical to itself. In fact, life cannot be apprehended by art, and precisely, Różewicz tries to thematize this impossibility by producing texts or rather poetical acts that could be classified as self-effacing artifacts. He even succeeded in discrediting the modernist epiphany (which has a double status, i.e. as a poetical device and a window on the transcendent by replacing it with loquacious anticlimaxes. The fragmentary, disintegrating form of his later poetry (the long poem “Francis Bacon or Diego Velázquez in a dentist’s chair” is a perfect – or rather consciously imperfect – implementation of this form does not pretend to be a representation of a human being’s disintegrating existence. This poetry is, above all, an existential act, or – in other words – a performance, and not a self-sufficient work of art.

  20. About the right to be ill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halasz, Jacek

    2018-03-01

    The article raises the issue of 'the right to be ill', formulated by Tadeusz Kielanowski, a Polish physician and humanist. According to him, the right to health should be supplemented by the principle which would serve the protection of people with diseases or disabilities. One-sided interpretation of 'the right to health' may result in various forms of intolerance and discrimination. This paper presents what dangers Kielanowski recognized and explains why his approach was considered to be a novelty; what the idea of 'the right to be ill' is, how the need for it is substantiated. This idea is considered in the context of human rights and it constitutes a starting point for the reflection on social phenomena connected with medicine. Taking into account the changes in medical ethics and culture which have taken place in the recent decades the question has been asked-is it worth talking about the right to be ill these days? Giving positive answers to this question, the spheres and issues that have been presented can be analyzed and assessed from the perspective of the right to be ill.

  1. The philosophy of mathematics and logic in the 1920s and 1930s in Poland

    CERN Document Server

    Murawski, Roman

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this book is to present and analyze philosophical conceptions concerning mathematics and logic as formulated by Polish logicians, mathematicians and philosophers in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a remarkable period in the history of Polish science, in particular in the history of Polish logic and mathematics. Therefore, it is justified to ask whether and to what extent the development of logic and mathematics was accompanied by a philosophical reflection. We try to answer those questions by analyzing both works of Polish logicians and mathematicians who have a philosophical temperament as well as their research practice. Works and philosophical views of the following Polish scientists will be analyzed: Wacław Sierpiński, Zygmunt Janiszewski, Stefan Mazurkiewicz, Stefan Banach Hugo Steinhaus, Eustachy Żylińsk and Leon Chwistek, Jan Łukasiewicz, Zygmunt Zawirski, Stanisław Leśniewski, Tadeusz Kotarbiński, Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Alfred Tarski, Andrzej Mostowski and Henryk Mehlberg, Jan Sleszyńs...

  2. From the Royal Castle to school. King Stanisław August’s legacy and the Volhynian Gymnasium collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Buczek

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The library and the cabinet collections of King of Poland Stanisław August Poniatowski reflect the trends of the Enlightement as well as the monarch’s interests. Their acquisition by one of the most important Polish schools, the Volhynian Gymnasium in Kremenets, saved them from dismemberment and gave rise to school collections. The acquisition was possible owing to history (the Partition of Poland, and the emergence of the Vilna Educational District and a unique man – Tadeusz Czacki. The collections at the Volhynian Gymnasium in Kremenets was open to the public on a daily basis. In this way, the Polish King’s Stanisław August wish to have the collection available for masses came true, after his death regrettably. School collections were very valuable. Having originated from the royal collection of the last Polish King, they became a reminiscence of the national potential of a country that disappeared from the map of Europe in 1795. This article is a part of a future book and an attempt of documenting the transition of respective collections from the royal residence in Warsaw to Kremenets. The analysis of Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian archives enables to reconstruct the history of the royal collections and to show their quality and didactic utility.

  3. History of the Department of Dermatology in Gdansk. The profiles of heads of the Department from the post-war period to modern times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Purzycka-Bohdan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available With respect to the achievements of contemporary medicine, it is vital to remember the history and physicians who created structures and aimed at developing many branches of medicine. The history of the Dermatology Department in Gdansk – one of the oldest clinics in the Medical University of Gdansk – and biographies of its professors were recalled during many anniversaries and jubilees as a sign of respect to the founders and continuators of the School of Dermatology in Gdansk. Without their hard work and devotion, the progress in diagnosis and treatment of many dermatological diseases would not be seen. In the post-war period the Department of Dermatology in Gdansk was famous for its success in elimination of an epidemic of venereal diseases. The following years were difficult due to reorganization of the health service in Poland and opening of new diagnostic laboratories which are necessary for contemporary dermatology. Apart from its therapeutic function, the department conducts scientific research and medical training which results in many publications, international cooperation, organization of conferences and education of qualified medical staff. The forthcoming 70 th anniversary of the foundation of the Dermatology Department in Gdansk is an excellent opportunity to recall and to present profiles of the professors who were the heads of the department from the post-war period to modern times: Prof. Tadeusz Pawlas, Franciszek Miedzinski, Jerzy Kozakiewicz, Henryk Szarmach and Prof. Jadwiga Roszkiewicz.

  4. Vaesed tööloomad / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2008-01-01

    Riikides, kus palgad ja elatustase on madalamad, tehakse rohkem ületunde, samas kui jõukates riikides on töötundide arv väiksem. Vt. samas: Neljapäevane töönädal ei tasunud ära. Diagramm: Reaalselt töötatud tundide arv nädalas riikide kaupa

  5. Kõik teed viivad pimedatel talveöödel kinodesse! / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde 11. filmifestivali filmiprogrammidest "Päike tõuseb idast", Screen International", "Igapäevane põrgu", "Panoraam" "11 valitud teost", "Foorum". Soovitusi filmivaatamiseks annavad veel Tauno Maripuu ("Minu tädi postmodernistlik elu"), Kristi Eberhart ("Minu vend on ainus laps"), Rain Tolk ("Vaimud")

  6. Development of a Strain Rate Dependent Long Bone Injury Criterion for Use with the ATB Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-12

    Reilly and Burstein (6), (+) Evans (4), ($) Reilly and Burstein (18), (&) Mather (19) and (€) Vose and Kubala (20). 21 stress and stress rate which could...34 J. Biomech., V. 1, pp. 207-210, 1968. 20. Vose, G.P. and A.L. Kubala , "Bone strength - its relationship to x-ray determined ash content,"-Human

  7. Long-Bone Injury Criteria for Use with the Articulated Total Body Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Reilly and Burstein (18), (+) Evans (15), ($) Reilly and Burstein (19), (&) Mather (20) and (¢) Vose and Kubala (21). 8...1, pp. 207-210. 21. Vose, G. P. and A. L. Kubala , 1959, "Bone strength - its rela- tionship to X-ray determined ash content," Human Biol., Vol. 31

  8. F.F.F.F. armastab mõtestada ennast / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2002-01-01

    Rühmituse F.F.F.F. (Kristi Paap, Kaire Rannik, Berit Teeäär, Ketli Tiitsar, Maria Valdma) näitus "Meie igapäevane leib" 9. novembrini Hansapanga galeriis ja näitus "Pentagramm" 26. X-1. XII Tarbekunstimuuseumis

  9. Purpose in Life and Prayer among Catholic and Protestant Adolescents in Northern Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Mandy; Francis, Leslie J.

    2005-01-01

    The present study has built on three earlier studies reported by Francis and Burton (1994), Francis and Evans (1996), and Francis (2005) to test the hypothesis that there is a positive correlation between frequency of prayer and perceived purpose in life among 13-to 15-year-old young people who are within a community with high levels of church…

  10. Anti-plasmodial and antioxidant activities of methanol extract of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-04-16

    Apr 16, 2014 ... al., 2011) out of the 30 species, accounting for more than. 95% of the cases of malaria in the world. .... standard procedures (Trease and Evans, 1989). Acute toxicity test. The safety of the extract orally ... when thick and thin films were prepared with blood collected from the tail of each mouse. The films were ...

  11. BRCA1 and BRCA2: Cancer Risk and Genetic Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... MR imaging in women with a familial or genetic predisposition. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2010; 119(2):399–407. [PubMed Abstract] Evans DG, Gaarenstroom KN, Stirling D, et al. Screening for familial ovarian cancer: Poor ... Genetics 2009; 46(9):593–597. [PubMed Abstract] Domchek ...

  12. Symptoms of Depression as Expressed by Elderly Persons in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Relevant data were collected using a questionnaire titled “Adapted Version of Evans Liverpool Depression Rating Scale” (AVELDRS). The t-test and One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistics were used to test the five null hypotheses generated. The findings revealed that there was no significant difference in the ...

  13. USE OF SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS ON A PHYSIOLOGICALLY-BASED PHARMACOKINETIC (PBPK) MODEL FOR CHLOROFORM IN RATS TO DETERMINE AGE-RELATED TOXICITY

    Science.gov (United States)

    USE OF SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS ON A PHYSIOLOGICALLY BASED PHARMACOKINETIC (PBPK) MODEL FOR CHLOROFORM IN RATS TO DETERMINE AGE-RELATED TOXICITY.CR Eklund, MV Evans, and JE Simmons. US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, ETD,PKB, Research Triangle Park, NC. Chloroform (CHCl3) is a disinfec...

  14. Relation of Cognitive Measures to Perceived Work Limitations in Cancer Survivors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-30

    who have suffered a traumatic brain injury in combat or an accident . Neuropsychological testing is relatively expensive and time consuming...Elphinstone, P., Evans, E., et al. (2005). Effects of radiotherapy and of differences in the extent of surgery for early breast cancer on local recurrence

  15. Manhunting: Counter-Network Organization for Irregular Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    ington Post, 7 April 2008, www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/arti- cle/2008/04/06/AR2008040601841.html; accessed July 2009. Jason Sherman, “New...MACV-SOG MIA/KIA Chronological List,” b. 2001, www.macvsog.org/1967.htm; accessed July 2009. 129. Paola Evans, Kim Healey , Peter Kornbluh, Ramón Cruz

  16. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Volume 5, Number 1, Spring 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Cyberdeterrence and Cyberwar (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2009). 21. Greg Rattray, Chris Evans, and Jason Healey , “American Security in the Cyber Com- mons...www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/02/military-spied-on-planned-parenthood/. 74. Jason Sherman, “CENTCOM Eyes Blogs to Shape Opinion,” Military.com, 3 March

  17. Identification, Characterization and Clinical Development of the New Generation of Breast Cancer Susceptibility Alleles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    M, Seal S, Ghoussaini M, Hines S, Healey CS, Hughes D, Warren-Perry M, Tapper W, Eccles D, Evans DG, The Breast Cancer Susceptibility Collaboration...Jake Byrnes4, Sian Caesar21, Chris M. Clee2, Alison J. Coffey2, John M. C. Connell22, Jason D. Cooper5, Anna F. Dominiczak22, Kate Downes5, Hazel E

  18. Vasopressin, Sepsis, and Renal Perfusion - A VASST Deficit in Our Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are cer- tainly correlated, they are not necessarily the same thing with the later involving a complicated...Denton KM, Evans RG: Effects of activation of vasopres- sin-V1-receptors on regional kidney blood flow and glomerular arteri- ole diameters. J

  19. NIGERIAN VETERINARY JOURNAL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADEYEYE

    INTRODUCTION. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that separates the abdominal and thoracic cavity and plays a great role in ventilation. (Hermanson and Evans, 1993). Hernia is known to be a pathologic disorder in which a part or parts of the body protrudes abnormally through a tear or opening into an adjacent part.

  20. On some species of Pentacora, with the description of a new species from Australia (Heteroptera, Saldidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cobben, R.H.

    1980-01-01

    In the catalogue of Saldidae (Drake & Hoberlandt, 1950), ten species of Pentacora are listed, but only six of these actually belong in this genus. For one species, viz., mexicana (Van Duzee) (see Lattin & Cobben, 1968), a separate genus has been erected (Enalosalda Polhemus & Evans, 1969; further

  1. Conservation agriculture in high tunnels: soil health and profit enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2013, through the USDA’s Evans-Allen capacity grant, the high tunnel became an on-farm research laboratory for conservation agriculture. Dr. Manuel R. Reyes, Professor and his research team from the North Carolina Agriculture and Technology State University (NCATSU), Greensboro, North Carolina (1...

  2. The Evolution of Distance Education in Australia: Past, Present, Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiach, Stephen; Averbeck, Clemens; Cassidy, Virginie

    2012-01-01

    Australia's large size and scattered population made it a prime location for the development of correspondence education in the 1920s, and the country is still in the forefront of distance education. This article is based on an extensive interview with Terry Evans, professor at Deakin University in Australia, who reflects on the history of…

  3. Katayama fever ID scuba divers

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1991-03-02

    Mar 2, 1991 ... A. C. EVANS, D. J. MARTIN, B. D. GINSBURG. Summary. Katayama fever or acute schistosomiasis probably occurs more commonly than is recorded. Interviews with a 3-man scuba diving team who had had contact with a large dam in an·endemic area of the eastern Transvaal Lowveld at the same time ...

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A.C. Evans, D.J. Martin, B.D. Ginsburg. Vol 76, No 1 (1989), Katesjolamiene beskermers en beskadigers van die hart, Abstract PDF. CML Steinman. Vol 108, No 1 (2018), Keeping our heads above water: A systematic review of fatal drowning in South Africa, Abstract PDF. C.J. Saunders, D. Sewduth, N. Naidoo. Vol 47, No 4 ...

  5. It’s no miracle...

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    “The LHC has been a huge effort over more than 15 years. It’s not always been easy but today it is performing so spectacularly well that the people who built it should be very proud.” Lyn Evans, head of the LHC project since its beginning and until its commissioning in 2011, shares his recollections with us on the day of the long-awaited discovery.   Lyn Evans, former head of the LHC project, in the LHC tunnel, 2008. While you were building the LHC, were you expecting it to perform so well? Lyn Evans: I knew that the machine had been beautifully designed and was being built extremely well – but I could not have expected that such wonderful results could be achieved in so little time. What are the reasons for such a good performance? Evans: The LHC was designed to really push the limits; I think that the machine has got more than 30 years of accumulated experience in its design. The fact is the LHC has already exceeded the design luminosity at the en...

  6. Sign Languages: Contribution to Neurolinguistics from Cross-Modal Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malaia, Evie; Wilbur, Ronnie

    2010-12-01

    Using sign language research as an example, we argue that both the cross-linguistic descriptive approach to data, advocated by Evans and Levinson (2009), as well as abstract ('formal') analyses are necessary steps towards the development of "neurolinguistic primitives" for investigating how human languages are instantiated in the brain.

  7. The Iron Requirements of Infancy and the Iron Content of Milk ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ferro-Ped (Pediatric Laboratories), Colliron (Evans), Ferro. Drops (Parke Davis), Fersamal (Glaxo-Allenbury) and ferrous sulphate BP contain iron in adequate quantity and form. It is not the purpose of this report to discuss in detail the merits of each preparation, but one of these iron tonics should be given from birth if the ...

  8. Age-related changes in body composition in laboratory rats: Strain and gender comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long Evans (LE), Sprague Dawley (SD), Fischer 344 (F344), and Brown Norway (BN) rats are all commonly used as laboratory research subjects. These strains have been studied under many conditions, but few studies have measured changes in body composition as the animals age. Underst...

  9. Evaluation of Jet Fuel and Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Rats (Rattus norvegicus)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-13

    rats served as subjects in the first study and eighty albino Fischer 344 rats were used in the second study. Half the animals were males and the...other strains of rats, such as the albino Fischer 344 rat, the pigmented Long-Evans rat is generally more resistant to ototoxicity. Therefore, higher

  10. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 109; Issue 4. Volume 109, Issue 4. December 2000, pages 393-551. pp 393-394. Editorial · V K Gaur · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 395-405. Analysis of pathfinder SST algorithm for global and regional conditions · Ajoy Kumar P Minnett G Podesta R Evans K ...

  11. in_focus - Fighting Poverty with Facts: Community-Based Monitoring ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-01-01

    Jan 1, 2009 ... The authors. Celia Reyes is a Research Fellow at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Co-Director of the Poverty and Economic Policy research network, and CBMS Network Leader, based in Manila. Evan Due is Senior Program Specialist responsible for economics and trade programs at IDRC ...

  12. Another Perspective: A Response to "Toward Convergence"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regelski, Thomas A.

    2013-01-01

    This response by Thomas A. Regelski was solicited to complement the lead article in this issue, "Toward Convergence: Adapting Music Education to Contemporary Society and Participatory Culture" by Evan S. Tobias. The author notes that many interesting and vital questions and alternatives that are often studiously ignored, overlooked, or taken for…

  13. Diabetes and hypertension screening in Zandspruit, Johannesburg ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Paul Rheeder

    2016-06-29

    Jun 29, 2016 ... Participants 18 years and older were included in this analysis. First cycle. (a) Period: From June 2012 ... BP value was the one taken in our analysis. Blood pressure categories were classified ..... Piper MA, Evans CV, Burda BU, Margolis KL, O'Connor E, Smith Net al. Screening for high blood pressure in ...

  14. JCSC_128_5_707-718_SI.docx

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MMC14

    Quantum chemical study of the mechanisms of oxidation of ethylene by Molybdyl and Tungstyl Chloride. RICHARD TIA*, EVANS ADEI, JOSEPH BAIDOO and JULIANA EDOR. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, ...

  15. A review of metformin and its place in the diabetes guidelines

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    injection techniques; as well as self-monitoring of blood glucose and recognition of complications, and how these should be dealt with. References. 1. Amod A, Ascott-Evans BH, Berg GI, et al. The 2012 SEMDSA guideline for the management of type 2 diabetes (revised). JEMDSA. 2012;17(2 Suppl 1):S1-S95. 2. Butler N.

  16. Seeing and Knowing: Attention to Illustrations during Storybook Reading and Narrative Comprehension in 2-Year-Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley M.; Neuman, Susan B.

    2017-01-01

    Research (Evans & Saint-Aubin, 2005) suggests systematic patterns in how young children visually attend to storybooks. However, these studies have not addressed whether visual attention is predictive of children's storybook comprehension. In the current study, we used eye-tracking methodology to examine two-year-olds' visual attention while…

  17. Extraocular myositis in a female puppy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-04-27

    Apr 27, 2015 ... ventral, ventromedial or medial strabismus have been reported (Allgoewer et al., 2000). The pathogenesis of this condition is not fully understood, but the one dominant histopathologic picture of the condition is that of mononuclear cellular infiltration (Carpenter et al.,. 1989; Ramsey et al., 1995; Evans et al., ...

  18. LHCfest

    CERN Multimedia

    Michael Struik

    2008-01-01

    After the VIPs had left, 3000 other ‘very important people’ turned up to celebrate at the LHCfest. The party for CERN personnel involved in the LHC was a huge success and very popular. AlpineKat performed the now notorious LHC rap, with a little help from Lyn Evans who joined her on stage as a backing dancer.

  19. Toward consensus in the analysis of urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine as a noninvasive biomarker of oxidative stress

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Urinary (DNA) Lesion Analysis, European Standards Committee on; Evans, Mark D; Olinski, Ryszard

    2010-01-01

    than previously expected, although concern remains over ELISA.-ESCULA [European Standards Committee on Urinary (DNA) Lesion Analysis], Evans, M. D., Olinski, R., Loft, S., Cooke, M. S. Toward consensus in the analysis of urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine as a noninvasive biomarker...

  20. ANTISECRETORY AND ANTIULCERATIVE EFFECTS OF ETHYL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2015-12-02

    Dec 2, 2015 ... ABSTRACT. The present work was carried out to investigate the possible effects of ethyl acetate seed fraction of. Nigella sativa on gastric ulcers and basal gastric secretions using the Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory. Drug-induced (NSAID) model. Phytochemical screening according to Trease and Evans, ...

  1. Vascular permeability alterations induced by arsenic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shih-Chieh; Tsai, Ming-Hsien; Wang, Hsiu-Jen; Yu, Hsin-Su; Chang, Louis W

    2004-01-01

    The impact of arsenic on the integrity of blood vessels in vivo via in situ exposure (local injection) of arsenic was investigated. Vascular permeability changes were evaluated by means of the Evans blue assay and the India ink tracer techniques. Rats were intravenously injected with Evans blue followed by intradermal injections of various doses of sodium arsenite on the back skins of the animals. Evans blue at different time points was extracted and assayed as indices of vascular leakage. Skin at various time point injection sites was sampled for arsenic measurement via graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy. Our time course study with Evans blue technique demonstrated a biphasic pattern of vascular permeability change: an early phase of permeability reduction and a later phase of permeability promotion at all dose levels tested. The India ink tracer technique also demonstrated a time-correlated increase in vascular labelling in the tissues examined, signifying an increase in vascular leakage with time. Moreover, we found that despite an early increase in tissue arsenic content at time of injection, tissue arsenic declined rapidly and returned to near control levels after 30-60 min. Thus, an inverse correlation between tissue arsenic content and the extent of vascular permeability was apparent. This study provides the first demonstration that in situ exposure to arsenic will produce vascular dysfunction (vascular leakage) in vivo.

  2. TEN RILLINGTON PLACE AND THE CHANGING POLITICS OF ABORTION IN MODERN BRITAIN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Emma L; Pemberton, Neil

    2014-12-01

    This article addresses the social, cultural, and political history of backstreet abortion in post-war Britain, focusing on the murders of Beryl Evans and her daughter Geraldine, at Ten Rillington Place in 1949. It shows how the commonplace connection of John Christie to abortion and Beryl Evan's death was not a given in the wider public, legal, political, and forensic imagination of the time, reflecting the multi-layered and shifting meanings of abortion from the date of the original trials in the late 1940s and 1950s, through the subsequent judicial and literary reinvestigations of the case in the 1960s, to its cinematic interpretation in the 1970s. Exploring the language of abortion used in these different contexts, the article reveals changes in the gendering of abortionists, the increasing power and presence of abortion activists and other social reformers, the changing representation of working-class women and men, and the increasing critique of the practice of backstreet abortion. The case is also made for a kind of societal blind spot on abortion at the time of both the Evans and Christie trials; in particular, a reluctance to come to terms with the concept of the male abortionist, which distorted the criminal investigations and the trials themselves. Only when public acceptance for legalizing abortion grew in the more liberal climate of the 1960s and beyond did a revisionist understanding of the murder of Beryl Evans, in which abortion came to be positioned as a central element, gain a sustained hearing.

  3. Preliminary checklists for two Important Bird Areas of Ethiopia: Sof ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethiopia harbours 837 bird species, 18 of which are endemic and a further 14 near endemic (shared with Eritrea) (Ash & Atkins 2009). To promote the conservation of these birds and their habitats, 69 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) were identified for. Ethiopia (Fishpool & Evans 2001). These important areas were selected ...

  4. CASE REPORT Bleomycin toxicity post injection into cranio ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Medical Imaging, Royal University Hospital, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada. Evan M Frangou, MD. Department of ... Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed 12 days after the final injection. This showed ... Less commonly, other sclerosing agents or isotopes have also been used.

  5. Huanglongbing increases Diplodia Stem End Rot in Citrus sinensis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huanglongbing (HLB), one of the most devastating diseases of citrus is caused by the a-Proteobacteria Candidatus Liberibacter. Diplodia natalensis Pole-Evans is a fungal pathogen which has been known to cause a postharvest stem-end rot of citrus, the pathogen infects citrus fruit under the calyx, an...

  6. Author Index

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Index. Aggarwal Malini see Jain Rajmal, 155. Aghaee, A. Determination of the Mean Hi Absorption of the Intergalactic. Medium, 59. Agrawal, S. P. see Singh Ambika, 89. Biesiada Marek Could the Optical Transient SCP 06F6 be due to Micro- lensing?, 213. C¸ aliskan, S . see Küçük, ˙I., 135. Evans Lloyd, T. Carbon ...

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    client1

    Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Sir Martin J Evans – Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom. Oliver Smithies – University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Peace. “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures ...

  8. The Effects of Aperture Antennas after Signal Propagation through Anisotropic Ionized Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    bandwidth after propagation of the radar signal through a strongly disturbed DD 1’ jAN 7 1473 EDITION OF 1NOv ,S I OBSOLETE UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY...Hyde ATTN: J. Sperling ATTN: D. Fang Johns Hopkins University Cornell University ATTN: T. Evans ATTN: D. Farley, Jr ATTN: K. Potocki ATTN: M. Kelly

  9. Effect of Spatial Decorrelation on Nulling Performance of Linear Adaptive Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    fully adaptive arrays are considered, more analysis and evaluation is carried out for the FORM 43 E,,NO ’NO ,SO OL E DD I JAN 73 1473 EDITION OF...University SRI International ATTN: C. Meng ATTN: A. Burns ATTN: K. Potocki ATTN: G. Price ATTN: J. Phillips ATTN: R. Tsunoca ATTN: T. Evans ATTN: J. Vickrey

  10. Aperture Antenna Effects After Propagation through Strongly Disturbed Random Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    the propagation * " FORM 1 "DD ,F I JAN ,7 147 EDII ON Of I NOV AS1I OBSOLETE UNCLASSIFIED , SECURITY CLASSIFICATIO Of TIRIS 0 AGe.(OI4hea Pit r.f...ATTN: J. Newland Electrospace Systems, Inc ATTN: K. Potocki ATTN: H. Logston ATTN: R. Stokes. I-1250 ATTN: P. Phillips ATTN: T. Evans EOS Technologies

  11. New records of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Misiones Province, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Rossi, Gustavo Carlos; Lestani, Eduardo Ariel

    2016-01-01

    The following species represent first records for Argentina: Culex (Anoedioporpa) canaanensis Lane & Withman, Culex (Anoedioporpa) originator Gordon & Evans, Culex (Culex) declarator Dyar & Knab, Culex (Melanoconion) ribeirensis Forattini & Sallum, Culex (Microculex) neglectus Lutz, Culex (Microculex) pleuristriatus Theobald, Orthopodomyia fascipes (Coquillett) and Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) medioalbipes Lutz. The species Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) guarani Shannon and Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) rhya...

  12. Carriage ofHaernophilus influenzae in Cape Town children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nasopharyngeal carriage and antibiotic resistance of Haemophilus inflwmzae in healthy child- ren. Epidemiol In/eel 1988; 100: 193-203. 4. Bijlmer HA, Evans rr.., Campbell H, Van Alphen L, Greenwood. BM, Valkenburg HA, et al. Carriage of Haemophilus influenzae in healthy Gambian children. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ...

  13. Predicting dermal penetration for ToxCast chemicals using in silico estimates for diffusion in combination with physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predicting dermal penetration for ToxCast chemicals using in silico estimates for diffusion in combination with physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling.Evans, M.V., Sawyer, M.E., Isaacs, K.K, and Wambaugh, J.With the development of efficient high-throughput (HT) in ...

  14. A poor choice / Tõnu Naelapea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Naelapea, Tõnu, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Järelkajad ja kommentaarid 1.-3. aprillini toimunud NATO 20. tippkohtumisele Bukarestis. Lääne hoiakutest suhetes Hiinaga. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves osales Bukarestis German Marshall Fund'i konverentsi "The Bucharest Conference" paneelis, kus põhiteemaks oli NATO lepingu 5. artikli tänapäevane roll. Blogipidaja Sameer Lalwani kommentaarist Eesti riigipea esinemisele

  15. Short communication

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-03-14

    Mar 14, 2011 ... Zipporah Gatheru8, Patrick Wamae Maranga9, Alassane Dicko10, Adegoke Gbadegesin Falade11, Angeline Yvette Crescence Boula12, Stephanus. Benjamin Kuit13, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya14, Papa Salif Sow15, Nuruddin Lakhani16, Evans Mwila Mpabalwani17, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum18,.

  16. New records of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Misiones Province, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo C. ROSSI; Eduardo A. LESTANI

    2014-01-01

    Las siguientes especies representan el primer registro de la Argentina: Culex (Anoedioporpa) canaanensis Lane & Withman, Culex (Anoedioporpa) originator Gordon & Evans, Culex (Culex) declarator Dyar & Knab, Culex (Melanoconion) ribeirensis Forattini & Sallum, Culex (Microculex) neglectus Lutz, Culex (Microculex) pleuristriatus Lutz, Orthopodomyia fascipes Coquillett y Wyeomyia (Wyeomyia) medioalbipes Lutz. Las especies Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) guarani Shannon y Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) rh...

  17. Plasma volume in acute hypoxia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, T D; Klausen, T; Richalet, J P

    1998-01-01

    Exposure to acute hypoxia is associated with changes in body fluid homeostasis and plasma volume (PV). This study compared a dye dilution technique using Evans' blue (PV[Evans']) with a carbon monoxide (CO) rebreathing method (PV[CO]) for measurements of PV in ten normal subjects at sea level...... and again 24 h after rapid passive ascent to high altitude (4,350 m). Hypobaric hypoxia decreased arterial oxygen saturation to 79 (74-83)% (mean with 95% confidence intervals). The PV(Evans') remained unchanged from 3.49 (3.30-3.68) l at sea level to 3.46 (3.24-3.68) l at high altitude. In contrast PV......(Evans') and PV(CO) increased from 1.04 (0.99-1.09) at sea level to 1.15 (1.06-1.24) at high altitude (P hypoxia-induced changes in PV. The mechanism responsible for the bias remains unknown, but it is suggested that the results may...

  18. bangwensis)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. AMINU

    trees in ball-like bush (Kay, 1986; Evans, 2005). It is an excellent medicinal plant. The evergreen, leathery leaves are of a yellow-green colour. The berries are ... extracting solvent. The suspension was vigorously shaken for even dissolution and the extraction was done with variation in time, for 2, 4, 6, 10 and 12hours. The.

  19. THE PENALIZED OPTIMAL EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: THE PRECISE ESTIMATION OF AN INTERACTION THRESHOLD IN A MIXTURE OF EIGHTEEN POLYHALOGENATED AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crofton et al. (EHP, 2005) conducted a study of 18 polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs) on serum total thyroxine (T4). Young female Long-Evans rats were dosed with the 18 single agents or a fixed-ratio mixture, and serum total T4 was measured via radioimmunoassay. The i...

  20. 327-IJBCS-Article-Dr Kilimozhi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    Indian medicinal plants are a rich source of bioactive substances, which are claimed to induce para-immunity, the non specific immunomodulation of essentially ... constituents such as carbohydrates, steroids, proteins, flavonoids, amino acids, fat, fixed oil, gum and mucilage (Trease and Evans,. 1983). Acute toxicity studies.

  1. The inactive X chromosome in the human female is enriched in 5 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    J. Genet. 82, 13–16]. Introduction. The hypothesis that methylation of cytosine residues in. DNA is a key step in the maintenance of the inactive state of the mammalian X chromosome (Holliday and. Pugh 1975; Riggs 1975) has found support from several types of experiment (Liskay and Evans 1980; Mohandas et al. 1981).

  2. 78 FR 48884 - Final Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... Game Farm Road, Yorkville, IL 60560. Unincorporated Areas of Kendall County. Kendall County Planning..., 200 North River Street, Montgomery, IL 60538. Village of Plattville Kendall County Planning, Building... Municipal Offices, 8650 LeRay Street, Evans Mills, NY 13637. [[Page 48885

  3. Over geschiedenis en antropologie : Een inleiding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Borghuis, M. G.M.; Kuiper, Y.B.; Papousek, D.A.

    1980-01-01

    Already in the 1950s the British anthropologist Evans-Pritchard saw anthropology as being closer to history than to the natural sciences. Since the 1970s the rapprochement between history and anthropology became evident, especially in the UK, USA and France. How about the Netherlands? Here the works

  4. Disorders in Planning and Strategy Application in Frontal Lobe Lesion Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, Paula Adriana Rodrigues; Brucki, Sonia Maria Dozzi; Malheiros, Suzana Maria Fleury; Bueno, Orlando Francisco Amodeo

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate deficits in planning ability using an adapted version of the Modified Six Elements Test, from the Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome--BADS [Wilson, B. A., Alderman, N., Burgess, P. W., Emslie, H., & Evans, J. J. (1996). "Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome…

  5. Retirement postponed!

    CERN Multimedia

    Joannah Caborn Wengler

    2012-01-01

    As the LHC celebrates a highly successful year so far, the world accelerator community is already looking ahead to the next collider. It has appointed a CERN past master of accelerator building to coordinate the development of future linear collider efforts.   Lyn Evans at SM-18. Lyn Evans, former LHC project leader, has just been appointed director of the new Linear Collider organisation which brings together the two existing linear collider programmes under one roof. “We will initially continue to work in parallel on both CLIC and the ILC,” says Evans. The two proposed accelerators have a number of elements in common, from the damping rings to the final focus systems. Both have very similar detector designs, with the exception of the data acquisition systems as the machines have very different time structures. “The technologies for the two accelerators are at very different levels of maturity,” summarises Evans. When the time comes to make t...

  6. Higher Doses of (+)MK-801 (Dizocilpine) Induced Mortality and Procedural but Not Cognitive Deficits in Delayed Testing in the Active Place Avoidance With Reversal on the Carousel

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lobellová, Veronika; Brichtová, Eva; Petrásek, Tomáš; Valeš, Karel; Stuchlík, Aleš

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 2 (2015), s. 269-275 ISSN 0862-8408 R&D Projects: GA MZd(CZ) NT13386 Institutional support: RVO:67985823 Keywords : Dizocilpine * (+)MK-801 * active place avoidance * Carousel * Long-Evans rats Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 1.643, year: 2015

  7. Influence of obstetric complication severity on brain morphology in schizophrenia: an MR study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bersani, G.; Quartini, A.; Manuali, G.; Iannitelli, A. [University of Rome, Polo Pontino, Department of Psychiatric Sciences and Psychological Medicine, Rome (Italy); Pucci, D. [University of Rome, Department of Public Health ' ' G. Sanarelli' ' , Rome (Italy); Conforti, F. [University of Rome, I Medical Clinic, Magnetic Resonance Imaging Unit, Rome (Italy); Di Biasi, C.; Gualdi, G.

    2009-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a causal relationship exists between obstetric complications (OCs) severity and linear magnetic resonance (MR) measurements of brain atrophy in patients with schizophrenia. Linear measurements of ventricular enlargement (bifrontal span, Evans ratio, and bicaudate ratio) and hippocampal atrophy (interuncal distance) were completed on MR images obtained in 47 patients with schizophrenia. Regression analysis was used to look at association with OCs severity, assessed by the ''Midwife protocol'' of Parnas and colleagues. The relationship between MR measurements and phenomenologic variables such as age at onset, illness duration, and exposure to antipsychotic medications was explored. The relationship between MR measurements, OCs severity, and symptom presentation was also investigated. OCs severity was significantly associated with MR measurements of ventricular enlargement (bifrontal span, Evans ratio). As the severity of OCs increased, bifrontal span and Evans ratio increased. This effect was independent of age at onset, illness duration, or even antipsychotic treatment. Interestingly, bifrontal span, Evans ratio, and OCs severity score all showed a significant positive correlation with hallucinatory symptomatology. Although confirmatory studies are needed, our findings would support the idea that environmental factors, in this case severe OCs, might partly contribute to ventricular abnormalities in schizophrenia. (orig.)

  8. Influence of obstetric complication severity on brain morphology in schizophrenia: an MR study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bersani, G.; Quartini, A.; Manuali, G.; Iannitelli, A.; Pucci, D.; Conforti, F.; Di Biasi, C.; Gualdi, G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a causal relationship exists between obstetric complications (OCs) severity and linear magnetic resonance (MR) measurements of brain atrophy in patients with schizophrenia. Linear measurements of ventricular enlargement (bifrontal span, Evans ratio, and bicaudate ratio) and hippocampal atrophy (interuncal distance) were completed on MR images obtained in 47 patients with schizophrenia. Regression analysis was used to look at association with OCs severity, assessed by the ''Midwife protocol'' of Parnas and colleagues. The relationship between MR measurements and phenomenologic variables such as age at onset, illness duration, and exposure to antipsychotic medications was explored. The relationship between MR measurements, OCs severity, and symptom presentation was also investigated. OCs severity was significantly associated with MR measurements of ventricular enlargement (bifrontal span, Evans ratio). As the severity of OCs increased, bifrontal span and Evans ratio increased. This effect was independent of age at onset, illness duration, or even antipsychotic treatment. Interestingly, bifrontal span, Evans ratio, and OCs severity score all showed a significant positive correlation with hallucinatory symptomatology. Although confirmatory studies are needed, our findings would support the idea that environmental factors, in this case severe OCs, might partly contribute to ventricular abnormalities in schizophrenia. (orig.)

  9. Chromian spinel-rich black sands from eastern shoreline of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    rocks, especially Alpine-type peridotites (Press. 1986; Arai and Okada 1991; Cookenboo et al. 1997;. Lee 1999). Due to the high mechanical and chem- ical resistivity of spinel grains, it usually forms beach placers. The spinel compositions, known to be influenced by the geodynamic environment of formation (Evans and ...

  10. comparison of avifaunal assemblage and their association with plant

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    alpine habitat and populations of the rare and endemic species of Mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) and the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis). (Fishpool and Evans, 2001; OBARD, 2007). Data collection and analysis. A preliminary survey was conducted during the first two weeks of August 2011. The physical features of ...

  11. Phytochemical, Proximate and Mineral contents of Leaves and Back ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The phytochemical, proximate and mineral contents of Ficus capensis (leaves & bark) were analyzed, using Trease and Evans and Harboure procedure, the Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC) method and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry and Flame Photometry respectively. This study is aimed at ...

  12. Radiation from a current sheet at the interface between a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Abstract. In this paper we investigate the radiation from a current sheet at the interface between semi- infinite isotropic positive refractive medium and anisotropic negative refractive medium. The distribution of the electric and magnetic fields in two regions and Poynting vectors associated with propagating and evanes-.

  13. Moodsad vampiirid on üle keskmise koledad / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Steve Niles'i ja Ben Templesmithi koomiksi põhjal loodud õudusfilm "30-päevane öö" ("30 Days of Night") : režissöör David Slade : Uus-Meremaa - Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Lisatud Eda Posti kommentaar "Veel üks koomiksifilm"

  14. Changes in rate serum bioindicators after single or repeated dosages of fipronil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acute exposure to different classes of pesticides produces different patterns of changes in serum bioindicators (Herr et al., Toxicologist, 2013). We now examined profiles of bioindicators after 1 or 14 treatments with 0, 5, or 10 mg/kg/day fipronil (po). Adult male Long-Evans ra...

  15. 446-IJBCS-Article-Dr Adenyi S A

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    Chemical tests were carried out on the ethanolic extracts for the qualitative determination of phytochemical constituents as described by Harborne (1973), Trease and. Evans (1989) and Sofowora (1993). Toxicity test. Direct toxicity test with rice weevils was carried out following the method described by Talukdar and Howse ...

  16. Identification of fipronil metabolites in rodents by time-of-flight mass spectrometry for application in a human exposure study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fipronil is a phenylpyrazole insecticide commonly used in residential and agricultural applications. To understand more about the potential risks associated with fipronil, dosed Long Evans rats were evaluated for metabolites to develop a set of biomarkers for use in human exposur...

  17. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 108 of 108 ... Issue, Title. Vol 8, No 2 (2016), The status and challenges of clinical informatics development in South Africa, Abstract PDF. Abayomi Kehinde Owolabi, Thokozani Patrick Mhlongo, Neil Evans. Vol 4, No 1 (2012), The stuttering implementation of language policies in the South African education system ...

  18. COMPARISON OF EEG CHANGES PRODUCED BY CARBARYL (CARBAMATE), PERMETHRIN (TYPE I PYRETHROID), AND DELTAMETHRIN (TYPE II PYRETHROID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    We have reported that treatment with carbaryl may alter Theta activity in the EEG (Lyke et al., Toxicologist, 108(S-1):441, 2009). In this study, we examined the ability to detect changes in EEG activity produced by pesticides with different modes of action. Long Evans rats were ...

  19. Use of Electroencephalography (EEG) to Assess CNS Changes Produced by Pesticides with different Modes of Action: Effects of Permethrin, Deltamethrin, Fipronil, Imidacloprid, Carbaryl, and Triadimefon

    Science.gov (United States)

    The electroencephalogram (EEG) is an apical measure, capable of detecting changes in brain neuronal activity produced by internal or external stimuli. We assessed whether pesticides with different modes of action produced different changes in the EEG of adult male Long-Evans rats...

  20. Putative Neurotransmitters in ’Aplysia’: Distribution of Gamma- Aminobutyric Acid, Aspartate and Glutamate in Ganglia and Single Neurons

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-02-01

    junction. In preliminary electrophysiological investigations, they found that while aspartate is much less effective than glutamate at depolarizing the...been described in other inver- 21 7 tebrate nervous systems. Lewis and Evans note the presence of large amounts of taurine in