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Sample records for suture interrupted suture

  1. Economic evaluation of different suture closure methods: barbed versus traditional interrupted sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmallah, Randa K; Khlopas, Anton; Faour, Mhamad; Chughtai, Morad; Malkani, Arthur L; Bonutti, Peter M; Roche, Martin; Harwin, Steven F; Mont, Michael A

    2017-12-01

    Healthcare systems are receiving increasing pressures from payers, such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS), to reduce the costs associated with procedures, and with the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, high costs are addressed through pay-for-performance programs. Thus, multiple areas of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery are under scrutiny, including surgical times, material costs, and the costs of associated complications and readmissions. Suture type has been determined to be a factor that may influence closure times, as well as direct material costs. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to compare: (I) the cost of using barbed vs. conventional interrupted sutures; (II) the additional cost of differences in complications, if any; (III) to extrapolate cost savings on a hospital and national level; and (IV) to discuss the role of these findings on hospital savings and the effect on bundled payments. It was found that the main factors affecting differences in overall costs between barbed and standard interrupted suture were material cost and closure time. Many studies have demonstrated greater cost savings with the barbed suture due to shorter operative times, despite the higher material costs. The majority of studies also demonstrated similar complication rates between the suture types, and thus these are unlikely to affect the cost difference. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are no TKA studies in the literature evaluating the effect of suture type and associated complications on lengths of stay and readmission rates. Thus, it is unclear how these cost savings will translate to reimbursements rates and the role that they might play in bundled payments. Several studies in other specialties demonstrate decreased infection rates with the use of barbed sutures, which, if found to be true for TKA can be extrapolated to 3 million dollars of savings in revision TKA costs. Further studies on this topic are needed to define these

  2. Interrupted or continuous-intradermal suturing? Statistical analysis of postoperative scars

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    Elif Sarı

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Postoperative scar development is an important problem for patients treated in plastic surgery clinics. Most patients think that continuous intradermal suturing is superior to interrupted suturing because they assume that it creates less scarring. We evaluated scars that form following intradermal and interrupted suturing. This article presents our controlled study that objectively compared the scars on patients' faces using a wound evaluation scale. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients, who had undergone operations on the bilateral cheeks, were included in this study. Thirty patients were female; five patients were male. Their mean age was 40.05 years. The average scar evaluation time after surgery was 9.05 months. Elliptical excisions were made on the lesions under local anesthesia. The incisions on the right cheeks were sutured with 6/0 monofilament nonabsorbable sutures using the continuous intradermal suturing technique. The left cheek incisions were sutured with same sutures using the interrupted suturing method. Results: The patients were evaluated 7–11 months after operation (mean: 9.05 months using the Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale. A Related Samples T-test was used for statistical evaluation of the differences between the suturing techniques. No significant differences were noted in scar formation between the two suturing methods (p>0.05. Conclusion: We found no differences in scar formation between the two frequently used suturing techniques studied here. We believe that the suturing technique is a less important determinant of scar formation than are other factors.

  3. Sutures - ridged

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    Ridged sutures ... The borders where these plates intersect are called sutures or suture lines. In an infant only a few minutes ... This makes the bony plates overlap at the sutures and creates a small ridge. This is normal ...

  4. Water-tight knee arthrotomy closure: comparison of a novel single bidirectional barbed self-retaining running suture versus conventional interrupted sutures.

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    Nett, Michael; Avelar, Rui; Sheehan, Michael; Cushner, Fred

    2011-03-01

    Standard medial parapatellar arthrotomies of 10 cadaveric knees were closed with either conventional interrupted absorbable sutures (control group, mean of 19.4 sutures) or a single running knotless bidirectional barbed absorbable suture (experimental group). Water-tightness of the arthrotomy closure was compared by simulating a tense hemarthrosis and measuring arthrotomy leakage over 3 minutes. Mean total leakage was 356 mL and 89 mL in the control and experimental groups, respectively (p = 0.027). Using 8 of the 10 knees (4 closed with control sutures, 4 closed with an experimental suture), a tense hemarthrosis was again created, and iatrogenic suture rupture was performed: a proximal suture was cut at 1 minute; a distal suture was cut at 2 minutes. The impact of suture rupture was compared by measuring total arthrotomy leakage over 3 minutes. Mean total leakage was 601 mL and 174 mL in the control and experimental groups, respectively (p = 0.3). In summary, using a cadaveric model, arthrotomies closed with a single bidirectional barbed running suture were statistically significantly more water-tight than those closed using a standard interrupted technique. The sample size was insufficient to determine whether the two closure techniques differed in leakage volume after suture rupture.

  5. Estudio comparativo de microsutura vascular en ratas: punto simple y punto de colchonero horizontal Comparative study about vascular microsurgery on rats: classic interrupted suture versus horizontal mattress suture

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    C. Casado Sánchez

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La Microcirugía es la técnica empleada para la realización de la microanastomosis vascular. El objetivo del presente estudio es comparar dos tipos de técnicas de microsutura: los puntos simples clásicos, de empleo habitual en la microcirugía vascular, y los puntos de colchonero horizontales, no evaluados habitualmente para este tipo de cirugía. Fueron intervenidas 20 ratas albinas de la cepa Wistar (peso medio de 250 - 300 gr. bajo anestesia general; realizamos sección transversal en la arteria femoral, procediendo a su reparación microquirúrgica inmediata. Se establecieron 2 grupos de animales: en el grupo A (n=10, la microsutura se hizo mediante 6 puntos sueltos simples, y en el grupo B (n=10, empleando 3 puntos de colchonero horizontal. Comprobamos la patencia en el desclampado inmediato y tras una hora del desclampado (para ambas técnicas fue positiva en el 100% de los casos, y la hemorragia en ambos tiempos (se registró un único caso de sangrado en el postoperatorio inmediato en el grupo B, que requirió la revisión de la microsutura. El tiempo medio de ejecución de la sutura en el grupo B, 15 minutos aproximadamente, fue más corto que en el grupo A, 21 minutos aproximadamente, diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p Microsurgery is the procedure of choice for vascular microanastamoses. The objective of this study was to compare two types of suture techniques: classic interrupted suture anastomoses, commonly used for vascular anastamoses in microsurgery, and another technique using horizontal mattress sutures, rarely evaluated in this type of surgery. Twenty albino Wistar rats were operated (average weight: 250 - 300 gr. under general anaesthesia. A transverse section of the femoral artery was performed and immediately followed by an anastamoses. The animals were placed into two groups of ten. The classic 6 interrupted suture anastomoses technique was performed in group A (n = 10 and another technique using 3

  6. Self-directed practice schedule enhances learning of suturing skills

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Safir, Oleg; Williams, Camille K; Dubrowski, Adam; Backstein, David; Carnahan, Heather

    2013-01-01

    ...) on learning suturing skills. Participants watched an instructional video for simple interrupted, vertical mattress and horizontal mattress suturing then completed a pretest to assess baseline skills...

  7. Interrupted or continuous slowly absorbable sutures – Design of a multi-centre randomised trial to evaluate abdominal closure techniques INSECT-Trial [ISRCTN24023541

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    Büchler Markus W

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The closure of the abdomen after median laparotomy is still a matter of debate among surgeons. Further well designed and performed randomised controlled trials determining the optimal method of abdominal fascial closure are needed. Design This is a three armed, multi-centre, intra-operatively randomised, controlled, patient blinded trial. Over 20 surgical departments will enrol 600 patients who are planned for an elective primary abdominal operation. The objective of this study is to compare the frequency of abdominal incisional hernias between two continuous suture techniques with different, slowly absorbable monofilament materials and an interrupted suture using an absorbable braided suture material at one year postoperatively. Conclusion This trial will answer the question whether the continuous abdominal wall closure with a slowly absorbable material with longitudinal elasticity is superior to the continuous suture with a material lacking elasticity and to interrupted sutures with braided thread.

  8. Hypersensitivity to Suture Anchors

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    Masafumi Goto; Masafumi Gotoh; Yasuhiro Mitsui; Ryo Tanesue; Takahiro Okawa; Fujio Higuchi; Naoto Shiba

    2013-01-01

    Hypersensitivity to suture anchor is extremely rare. Herein, we present a case in which hypersensitivity to suture anchor was strongly suspected. The right rotator cuff of a 50-year-old woman was repaired with a metal suture anchor. Three weeks after the surgery, she developed erythema around her face, trunk, and hands, accompanied by itching. Infection was unlikely because no abnormalities were detected by blood testing or by medical examination. Suspicious of a metallic allergy, a dermatolo...

  9. Sutures and suture anchors--update 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, F Alan; Herbert, Morley A; Coons, David A; Boothby, Michael H

    2006-10-01

    To evaluate recently introduced sutures and suture anchors for single pull load to failure strength and failure mode. Suture anchors were tested in fresh porcine metaphyseal cortex and cancellous troughs with the use of an established protocol. An Instron machine applied tensile loads parallel to the axis of insertion at a rate of 12.5 mm/sec until failure, and mean anchor failure strengths were calculated. The mode of failure (anchor pull-out, suture eyelet cut-out, or suture failure) was recorded. Anchors tested included the BioRaptor 2.9, BioZip, Super Revo, Impact, Allograft cortical anchor, SpiraLok, Herculon, AxyaLoop titanium anchors 3, 5, and 6.5 mm, AxyaLoop bioabsorbable anchors 3, 5, and 6.5, ParaFix titanium anchors 3, 5, and 6.5, ParaSorb BioAnchors 3, 5.5, and 6.5, and Bio-Corkscrew FT. Sutures were also tested through an established protocol for load to failure. Sutures tested consisted of Orthocord, Ultrabraid (White and CoBraid), ForceFiber, Hi-Fi, MagnumWire, and Maxbraid Polyethylene Plus. Mean failure loads were as follows: BioRaptor 238 N, BioZip 366 N, double-loaded Super Revo 486 N, triple-loaded Super Revo 362 N, Impact 202 N, Allograft cortical anchor 240 N, SpiraLok 289 N, Herculon 819 N, AxyaLoop titanium anchors 3.0 (335 N), 5.0 (485 N), and 6.5 mm (465 N), AxyaLoop bioabsorbable anchors 3 (143 N), 5 (395 N), and 6.5 (369 N), ParaFix titanium anchors 3 (335 N), 5 (485 N), and 6.5 (465 N), ParaSorb BioAnchors 3 (143 N), 5.5 (395 N), and 6.5 (369 N), and Bio-Corkscrew FT (260 N). The sutures all broke at the mid point of their tested strands away from the grips. Mean suture strength for No. 2 Orthocord was 92 N; for No. 2 Ultrabraid CoBraid and White, strengths were 265 N and 280 N, respectively; strength for No. 2 Force Fiber was 289 N, for No. 2 Hi-Fi 250 N, for No. 2 MagnumWire 303 N, and for No. 2 Maxbraid Polyethylene Plus 256 N. Newer suture products showed significant improvements in load to failure values when compared with braided

  10. Hypersensitivity to Suture Anchors

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    Masafumi Goto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypersensitivity to suture anchor is extremely rare. Herein, we present a case in which hypersensitivity to suture anchor was strongly suspected. The right rotator cuff of a 50-year-old woman was repaired with a metal suture anchor. Three weeks after the surgery, she developed erythema around her face, trunk, and hands, accompanied by itching. Infection was unlikely because no abnormalities were detected by blood testing or by medical examination. Suspicious of a metallic allergy, a dermatologist performed a patch testing 6 months after the first surgery. The patient had negative reactions to tests for titanium, aluminum, and vanadium, which were the principal components of the suture anchor. The anchor was removed 7 months after the first surgery, and the erythema disappeared immediately. When allergic symptoms occur and persist after the use of a metal anchor, removal should be considered as a treatment option even if the patch test result is negative.

  11. Midterm results of the Ross procedure in children: an appraisal of the subannular implantation with interrupted sutures technique†.

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    Tran, Phan-Kiet; Tsang, Victor T; Cornejo, Patricia R; Torii, Ryo; Dominguez, Troy; Tran-Lundmark, Karin; Hsia, Tain-Yen; Hughes, Marina; Muthialu, Nagarajan; Kostolny, Martin

    2017-04-28

    The support of the pulmonary autograft root by the fibromuscular left ventricular outflow tract is emphasized to address the concern related to the dilatation of the pulmonary autograft structures in the paediatric population. This retrospective study analyses the outcomes of 75 children who were operated between 1998 and 2012 with the subannular interrupted sutures technique at a median age of 10.2 years (range, 5.3 months-18.0 years). Median follow-up time was 5.2 years (range, 3 days-13.2 years). There were no deaths, but there were 3 reinterventions on the autograft for regurgitation and 2 resections of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. There was no significant autograft stenosis, and freedom from moderate-to-severe regurgitation was 95% (95% confidence interval: 89-100) and 88% (95% confidence interval: 77-99) at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Median z -scores at the latest follow-up examination were, at the annulus, 0.31 [interquartile range (IQR) = -0.81 to 1.2]; at the sinus of Valsalva, 2.7 (IQR = 1.5-3.5); and at the sinotubular junction, 3.1 (IQR = 1.7-4.2). The correlation between z -scores and time after the operation was negative at the level of the annulus ( r  = -0.29, P  = 0.034) but positive at the level of the sinus ( r  = +0.37, P  = 0.005) and the sinotubular junction ( r  = +0.26, P  = 0.068). The median rate of change in the z -score at the annulus was low, 0.065 z- score/year (IQR = -0.13 to 0.43). The subannular interrupted sutures implantation technique is associated with acceptable risks and, in the midterm, delivers limited annular dilatation, autograft regurgitation and delayed need for autograft reintervention.

  12. Comparison of Knotless Barbed Suture Versus Monofilament Suture in the Oral Cavity of Cats.

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    Durand, Corinne L

    2017-09-01

    The present study compares a knotless, barbed, absorbable suture material against a conventional monofilament absorbable suture material in oral mucosal wound closure. The parameters measured include time of closure and differences in healing at 2 and 4 weeks postoperatively. A prospective study comparing a knotless, barbed suture system with conventional absorbable sutures was undertaken in 19 cats. Nineteen cats had full mouth extractions performed. Following the extraction procedures, the incisions in the arcades (maxillary and mandibular) were apposed with the barbed, knotless suture system in a continuous pattern on one side and with a conventional smooth suture in an interrupted pattern on the other. Suturing times for each arcade were recorded. The material used to close the first side of each cat varied. Healing, dehiscence, and other complications were assessed at 2 and 4 weeks postoperatively. The average closure time (± standard deviation) per quadrant with conventional monofilament suture was 8.7 (±1.3) minutes, while barbed suture required an average of 5.1 (±1.1) minutes per quadrant to complete the suture. This difference (95% confidence interval) of 3.6 (±3.2-4.1) minutes per quadrant was statistically significant ( P < .001). Dehiscence and ranula-like swelling formation were noted as uncommon postoperative complications, but the differences were not significant between the groups. Barbed, knotless sutures resulted in faster closure times than conventional, simple interrupted, monofilament sutures with similar healing and complication rates. To the author's knowledge, there is no current literature comparing conventional absorbable monofilament sutures to a knotless, barbed, absorbable suture system for closure of oral mucosal incisions in cats.

  13. New sutures and suture anchors in sports medicine.

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    Alan Barber, F; Boothby, Michael H; Richards, David P

    2006-09-01

    Arthroscopic surgery requires appropriate surgical implants for effective fixation of tendons and ligaments to bone. Biodegradable suture anchors are being used with increasing frequency for various procedures in sports medicine. As companions to these biodegradable suture anchors, new sutures have been developed which possess greater strength and different material properties from the conventional braided polyester suture. Biodegradable polymers currently found in sutures and suture anchors include poly-L-lactic acid, poly-D, L lactic acid, polydioxanone, polyglycolic acid and their copolymers. Suture anchors are now available preloaded with a choice of conventional braided polyester sutures or some version of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene ("super") sutures. Most new suture anchors come with 2 sutures. The manner in which these sutures are attached to the anchor varies and may consist of 2 separate eyelets or 2 slots either parallel to one another or at different angles to one another. Some anchors have a very large single eyelet that allows for 2 or more sutures.

  14. Adjustable suture strabismus surgery

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    Nihalani, B R; Hunter, D G

    2011-01-01

    Surgical management of strabismus remains a challenge because surgical success rates, short-term and long-term, are not ideal. Adjustable suture strabismus surgery has been available for decades as a tool to potentially enhance the surgical outcomes. Intellectually, it seems logical that having a second chance to improve the outcome of a strabismus procedure should increase the overall success rate and reduce the reoperation rate. Yet, adjustable suture surgery has not gained universal acceptance, partly because Level 1 evidence of its advantages is lacking, and partly because the learning curve for accurate decision making during suture adjustment may span a decade or more. In this review we describe the indications, techniques, and published results of adjustable suture surgery. We will discuss the option of ‘no adjustment' in cases with satisfactory alignment with emphasis on recent advances allowing for delayed adjustment. The use of adjustable sutures in special circumstances will also be reviewed. Consistently improved outcomes in the adjustable arm of nearly all retrospective studies support the advantage of the adjustable option, and strabismus surgeons are advised to become facile in the application of this approach. PMID:21760626

  15. Mesh Sutured Repairs of Abdominal Wall Defects

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    Lanier, Steven T.; Jordan, Sumanas W.; Miller, Kyle R.; Ali, Nada A.; Stock, Stuart R.

    2016-01-01

    Background: A new closure technique is introduced, which uses strips of macroporous polypropylene mesh as a suture for closure of abdominal wall defects due to failures of standard sutures and difficulties with planar meshes. Methods: Strips of macroporous polypropylene mesh of 2 cm width were passed through the abdominal wall and tied as simple interrupted sutures. The surgical technique and surgical outcomes are presented. Results: One hundred and seven patients underwent a mesh sutured abdominal wall closure. Seventy-six patients had preoperative hernias, and the mean hernia width by CT scan for those with scans was 9.1 cm. Forty-nine surgical fields were clean-contaminated, contaminated, or dirty. Five patients had infections within the first 30 days. Only one knot was removed as an office procedure. Mean follow-up at 234 days revealed 4 recurrent hernias. Conclusions: Mesh sutured repairs reliably appose tissue under tension using concepts of force distribution and resistance to suture pull-through. The technique reduces the amount of foreign material required in comparison to sheet meshes, and avoids the shortcomings of monofilament sutures. Mesh sutured closures seem to be tolerant of bacterial contamination with low hernia recurrence rates and have replaced our routine use of mesh sheets and bioprosthetic grafts. PMID:27757361

  16. Suture contamination in strabismus surgery.

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    Eustis, H Sprague; Rhodes, Annette

    2012-01-01

    To document the contamination rate of sutures used in strabismus surgery and evaluate the reduction of contamination using antibiotic-coated and antiseptic/antibiotic-coated sutures. This was a prospective randomized analysis of suture contamination and potential prophylaxis measures after strabismus surgery. Muscle sutures (6-0 polyglactin) used in 302 consecutive cases of strabismus from October 2008 to May 2009 were collected and randomly assigned to three groups: (1) a control without pretreatment sutures (61); (2) antibiotic/steroid-coated sutures (200); and (3) antiseptic-soaked and antibiotic/steroid-coated sutures (141). The sutures were used under sterile conditions and then cut into pieces and transferred to blood agar plates, which were incubated for 48 hours and then checked for growth. Group 1 had bacterial growth in 17 of 61 (28%) sutures; group 2 had growth in 44 of 200 (22%) sutures; and group 3 had growth in 12 of 141 (9%) sutures. The reduction in bacterial growth using the antibiotic/antiseptic coating was significant (P = .006). One patient developed coagulase-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis 1 week after surgery, which was promptly diagnosed and successfully treated. No complications from the antibiotic-coated or antiseptic-soaked sutures were noted. Although endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery is rare, estimated at 1 in 35,000 to 1 in 185,000, visual outcome is uniformly poor. The authors hypothesize that strabismus sutures can be contaminated via contact with the eyelashes and skin, providing a possible conduit for endophthalmitis. Bacterial contamination of strabismus sutures is high (28%) and can be reduced significantly if sutures are soaked in antiseptic before use. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  17. Releasable suture technique for trabeculectomy

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    Jacob Pushpa

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available We studied the effect of the releasable suture technique on immediate postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP. Nine eyes of nine patients with glaucoma had trabeculectomy with a releasable suture. In the six eyes that did not receive antimitotics, the suture was released by the fifth postoperative day; in the others suture release was delayed up to the fourteenth day. Of the nine patients, one had an acceptable postoperative IOP and did not need suture release; in another the suture broke and could not be released. In the remaining seven patients, the difference between the pre-release and post-release IOP was statistically significant (p < 0.001. The complications of this technique include failed suture release, subconjunctival hematoma and a distinctive "windshield wiper" keratopathy.

  18. Analysis of suture anchor eyelet position on suture failure load.

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    Aktay, Sevima A; Kowaleski, Michael P

    2011-06-01

    To compare mechanical performance of 2 orientations of the 5 mm Corkscrew® suture anchor with #5 Fiberwire® . In vitro biomechanical study. Suture anchor-suture constructs (n=40). Acute and cyclic tensile loads were applied to suture threaded through eyelets of 40 anchors perpendicular to the long axis of the anchor. Eyelets were positioned so that the suture pull was in line with (anchor rotation angle of 0° [ARA 0]) or 90° (ARA 90) to the eyelet plane. Load at failure, stiffness, and cycles to failure were determined. All constructs failed by suture breakage at the eyelet. Mean load at failure was significantly higher in the ARA 90 group (634 ± 93 N) compared with the ARA 0 group (495 ± 52 N; P=.0015). No significant difference was found between groups for mean number of cycles to failure (270 ± 177 versus 178 ± 109; P=.2166) and stiffness (50 ± 4 versus 48 ± 5 N/mm; P=.3141). The Corkscrew® 5 mm suture anchor with Fiberwire® suture fails via suture breakage at the eyelet under higher acute loads if the suture is loaded at an angle of 90° compared with 0° with respect to the plane of the eyelet. © Copyright 2011 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  19. Barbed sutures versus conventional sutures for uterine closure at cesarean section; a randomized controlled trial.

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    Zayed, Mohamed A; Fouda, Usama M; Elsetohy, Khaled A; Zayed, Shereef M; Hashem, Ahmed T; Youssef, Mohamed A

    2017-10-29

    The aim of this randomized control trial was to compare the operative data and the early postoperative outcomes of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a barbed suture (STRATAFIX™ Spiral PDO Knotless Tissue Control Device, SXPD2B405, Ethicon Inc.) with those of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a conventional smooth suture (VICRYL™; Ethicon Inc.). One hundred pregnant patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the Stratafix group or the Vicryl group. The uterine incision was closed by two layers of sutures in both groups. In the Vicryl group, the first layer was continuous and the second layer was interrupted. In the Stratafix group, both layers were continuous. The uterine closure time was significantly lower in the Stratafix group (224 ± 46 versus 343 ± 75 s, p Stratafix group required additional sutures to achieve hemostasis (p value = .009). The mean blood loss during closure of uterine incision and mean hospital stay were lower in the Stratafix group but these differences failed to reach statistical significance. The use of barbed suture for uterine incision closure at cesarean section is associated with shorter uterine closure time and similar early perioperative complications compared with conventional smooth suture. The difference between both groups in the technique of suturing the second layer of the uterine incision may be the cause of the reduction in the uterine closure time and the need for additional sutures to achieve hemostasis during suturing the uterine incision with a barbed suture. Further, well designed randomized controlled trials should be conducted to investigate the association between the type of suture (barbed or conventional smooth) and remote complications of cesarean section (infertility, pelvic pain, abnormal placentation and rupture uterus).

  20. Modified method for bronchial suture by Ramirez Gama compared to separate stitches suture: experimental study

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    Vitor Mayer de Moura

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To experimentally compare two classic techniques described for manual suture of the bronchial stump. METHODS: We used organs of pigs, with isolated trachea and lungs, preserved by refrigeration. We dissected 30 bronchi, which were divided into three groups of ten bronchi each, of 3mm, 5mm, and 7mm, respectively. In each, we performed the suture with simple, separated, extramucosal stitches in five other bronchi, and the technique proposed by Ramirez and modified by Santos et al in the other five. Once the sutures were finished, the anastomoses were tested using compressed air ventilation, applying an endotracheal pressure of 20mmHg. RESULTS: the Ramirez Gama suture was more effective in the bronchi of 3, 5 and 7 mm, and there was no air leak even after subjecting them to a tracheal pressure of 20mmHg. The simple interrupted sutures were less effective, with extravasation in six of the 15 tested bronchi, especially in the angles of the sutures. These figures were not significant (p = 0.08. CONCLUSION: manual sutures of the bronchial stumps were more effective when the modified Ramirez Gama suture was used in the caliber bronchi arms when tested with increased endotracheal pressure.

  1. Nasal tip sutures: Techniques and indications.

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    Cingi, Cemal; Muluk, Nuray Bayar; Ulusoy, Seçkin; Söken, Hakan; Altıntoprak, Niyazi; Şahin, Ethem; Ada, Servet

    2015-01-01

    The surgical anatomy of the nasal tip is determined by intrinsic factors, such as the nasal tip volume, shape, definition, and symmetry. These factors are intimately related to the morphology of the lower lateral cartilages. Tip sutures reduce the need for grafts and allow the surgeon to manipulate the tip with a high degree of precision and better long-term clinical outcomes. In this review, we evaluated common nasal tip suture techniques to clarify the similarities and differences among them. The following nasal tip suture techniques were investigated: medial crural fixation suture, middle crura suture, transdomal (dome creating, dome binding, domal definition) suture, interdomal suture, lateral crural mattress suture, columella septal suture, intercrural suture, tip rotation suture, craniocaudal transdomal suture, lateral crural spanning suture, suspension suture, tongue-in-groove technique, and lateral crural steal. Tip sutures increase tip projection, narrow the tip, provide stabilization, and provide tip rotation. The sutures may be used separately or together. Nasal tip sutures have long been used as noninvasive suture techniques. Each suture technique has unique benefits, and various key points must be considered when using these techniques.

  2. A comparison of running suture versus figure-8 sutures as the initial step in achieving hemostasis during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

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    Rosenblatt, Gregory S; Fuchs, Gerhard J

    2010-03-01

    During laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, the importance of the initial suture placed under warm ischemic conditions cannot be underestimated. Inadequate hemostasis may lead to further surgical complications. Our goal was to determine which method of suture ligation (running vs figure-8 interrupted) provides better initial hemostasis when performing partial nephrectomy in an ex-vivo porcine model. Deep partial nephrectomy defects were cut in the lateral aspect of six porcine kidneys. The renal artery was cannulated, and the kidneys were perfused from a water reservoir. The level (cm H(2)O) at which parenchymal leakage occurred was measured and recorded in three situations: No parenchymal suture; running suture along the base of the defect; and interrupted figure-8 sutures placed in parallel along the base of the defect. Six kidneys were studied. Using interrupted figure-8 sutures, the mean leak pressure was 56.7 cm H(2)O (over baseline). Using a running suture, the mean leak pressure was 147.5 cm H(2)O (over baseline). Mean values were compared using two-tailed t test and found to be statistically significant (P = 0.05). In an ex-vivo porcine kidney model, use of a running suture along the base of a renal tumor defect (simulating that which is seen during partial nephrectomy) appears to allow for better initial hemostatic control, as compared with interrupted figure-8 sutures placed in parallel.

  3. Force sensing in surgical sutures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horeman, T.; Meijer, E.J.; Harlaar, J.J.; Lange, J.F.; Van den Dobbelsteen, J.J.; Dankelman, J.

    2013-01-01

    The tension in a suture is an important factor in the process of wound healing. If there is too much tension in the suture, the blood flow is restricted and necrosis can occur. If the tension is too low, the incision opens up and cannot heal properly. The purpose of this paper is to describe the

  4. Force sensing in surgical sutures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Horeman (Tim); E.-J. Meijer (Evert-Jan); J.J. Harlaar (Joris Jan); J.F. Lange (Johan); J.J. van den Dobbelsteen (John); J. Dankelman (Jenny)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThe tension in a suture is an important factor in the process of wound healing. If there is too much tension in the suture, the blood flow is restricted and necrosis can occur. If the tension is too low, the incision opens up and cannot heal properly. The purpose of this paper is to

  5. Optimal Suturing Technique and Number of Sutures for Surgical Implantation of Acoustic Transmitters in Juvenile Salmonids

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    Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

    2012-01-02

    The size reduction of acoustic transmitters has led to a reduction in the length of incision needed to implant a transmitter. Smaller suture knot profiles and fewer sutures may be adequate for closing an incision used to surgically implant an acoustic microtransmitter. As a result, faster surgery times and reduced tissue trauma could lead to increased survival and decreased infection for implanted fish. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of five suturing techniques on mortality, tag and suture retention, incision openness, ulceration, and redness in juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha implanted with acoustic microtransmitters. Suturing was performed by three surgeons, and study fish were held at two water temperatures (12°C and 17°C). Mortality was low and tag retention was high for all treatments on all examination days (7, 14, 21, and 28 days post-surgery). Because there was surgeon variation in suture retention among treatments, further analyses included only the one surgeon who received feedback training in all suturing techniques. Incision openness and tissue redness did not differ among treatments. The only difference observed among treatments was in tissue ulceration. Incisions closed with a horizontal mattress pattern had more ulceration than other treatments among fish held for 28 days at 17°C. Results from this study suggest that one simple interrupted 1 × 1 × 1 × 1 suture is adequate for closing incisions on fish under most circumstances. However, in dynamic environments, two simple interrupted 1 × 1 × 1 × 1 sutures should provide adequate incision closure. Reducing bias in survival and behavior tagging studies is important when making comparisons to the migrating salmon population. Therefore, by minimizing the effects of tagging on juvenile salmon (reduced tissue trauma and reduced surgery time), researchers can more accurately estimate survival and behavior.

  6. Comparison of two surgical suture techniques in uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinbichler, Teresa B; Bender, Birte; Giotakis, Aristeidis I; Dejaco, Daniel; Url, Christoph; Riechelmann, Herbert

    2018-02-01

    Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP) are two standard surgical procedures for treatment of snoring and sleep apnea. In a prospective clinical trial, we compared a standard simple interrupted suture technique for closure of the tonsillar pillars with a running locked suture. Each suture technique was randomly assigned either to the left or the right tonsillar pillars in 28 patients. During the first week, patients were daily checked for suture dehiscence and again on days 10 and 21, the end of followup. Time to perform the sutures was measured intraoperative and surgical complications were recorded. During followup, suture dehiscence was observed in 15/28 interrupted and 16/28 running sutures (p > 0.5). If a dehiscence occurred during the observation period, the median day of dehiscence was 10 (1 and 3 quartile: 5.75 and 17) days for the interrupted suture and 10 (5-11) days for the running locked suture technique (p > 0.05). The mean (± SD) surgical time for the interrupted suture was 5.2 ± 1.9 and 3.5 ± 1.8 min for the running locked suture (p sutures and 2/28 interrupted sutures. The running locked suture technique is an equally safe and time saving way of wound closure in UPPP and ESP.

  7. Bioactive Sutures: A Review of Advances in Surgical Suture Functionalisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alshomer, Feras; Madhavan, Arul; Pathan, Omar; Song, Wenhui

    2017-01-01

    Sutures have been at the forefront of surgical medicine throughout time. With recent advances in suture technology, it is possible to incorporate biologically active substances to enhance suture function and capability. Bioactive sutures represent a modality interest in controlled drug and cell delivery to traumatic sites. In this article, a comprehensive literature search of key bibliographic databases focusing on suture material fabrication and advanced modification was performed. The history, manufacturing process and cost-effectiveness of bioactive sutures are presented. Several novel modifications to enhance function in drug and growth factor delivery and cell therapy are also reviewed. Different antimicrobial drugs and anaesthetics have been shown to be effective in reducing inflammation and bacterial infection. Cellular therapy represents a unique modality augmenting the surgical repair of various soft tissue injuries. We propose a definition of bio-active sutures as biomaterials that are engineered to have controlled tissue interaction to optimise wound/defect healing, in addition to their essential function in tissue approximation. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  8. The effect of different suturing techniques on astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sang Jin; Wee, Won Ryang; Lee, Jin Hak; Kim, Mee Kum

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effects on astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty with three different suture techniques. In this prospective study, 38 eyes of 38 patients underwent penetrating keratoplasty with three suturing techniques: interrupted, single running, and double running. Topographic astigmatism was measured at 2, 6, 12, and 18 months after keratoplasty. During 18 months after surgery, the interrupted suture group had higher astigmatism than the double running suture group. There was no significant difference in the amounts of astigmatism during the first year after keratoplasty between the single running and the double running suture group. However, at 18 months after surgery, when all sutures were out, the double running suture group (3.60+/-1.58 diopters) showed significantly less astigmatism than the single running group (5.65+/-1.61 diopters). In conclusion, post-keratoplasty astigmatism was the least in the double running suture group of the three suturing techniques at 18 months after penetrating keratoplasty.

  9. Torsion of monofilament and polyfilament sutures under tension decreases suture strength and increases risk of suture fracture.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hennessey, D B

    2012-08-01

    A continuous running suture is the preferential method for abdominal closure. In this technique the suture is secured with an initial knot and successive tissue bites are taken. At each tissue bite, the needle is rotated through the tissue; in doing so, the suture can twist around the knot which acts as an anchor.

  10. Mesh Sutured Repairs of Abdominal Wall Defects

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lanier, Steven T; Dumanian, Gregory A; Jordan, Sumanas W; Miller, Kyle R; Ali, Nada A; Stock, Stuart R

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND:A new closure technique is introduced, which uses strips of macroporous polypropylene mesh as a suture for closure of abdominal wall defects due to failures of standard sutures and difficulties with planar meshes...

  11. Suture materials and suture techniques used in tendon repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketchum, L D

    1985-02-01

    Immediately after a tendon repair, the tendon contributes nothing to the strength of repair. During that time, the suture itself and suture technique are the sole contributors to the strength of repair. Although stainless steel is the strongest material that can be used at the time of repair, it has serious disadvantages. It is difficult to work with and makes a bulky knot. Conversely, all absorbable sutures become too weak too soon to be of value. At this time, nonabsorbable, synthetic fibers that are relatively strong, such as Supramid or prolene, are the most desirable materials available. Regarding suture techniques, the lateral trap and end-weave techniques produce the strongest repairs; however, the end-weave technique can only be used with tendon grafts and the lateral trap, though it can be used for end-to-end primary repairs. It is too bulky for use in the fingers and hand but is ideal for the forearm and wrist. In the hand and fingers, the strongest repair techniques available are the Bunnell, Kessler, and Mason-Allen; however, the Bunnell stitch is more strangulating to the microcirculation of the tendon than the latter two stitches; thus, it contributes to tendomalacia and gap formation. The simplest and least traumatic suture technique, though weakest at first, will allow tendon healing to proceed more rapidly. If such a repair is protected from tension by splinting the wrist and metacarpophalangeal joints in flexion during healing (while allowing controlled passive motion of the finger joints), there will be a rapid increase in tensile strength of the tendon juncture with minimal gap formation, as the repaired hand is progressively stressed up until about 90 days postrepair. At that point, strength plateaus and maximum stress can be applied to the repaired tendon. Somewhere between three and six weeks post-tendon repair, the suture material and technique become secondary to tendon healing as the primary provider of tensile strength to the tendon wound

  12. Midwives conducting perineal repair: The Danish Suture Trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kindberg, Sara

    2007-01-01

    haemorrhage >1000 ml, Diabetes, mental disorders. Both suture techniques were 2-layered using a polyglactin 910 multifilament suture (Vicryl Rapid or Vicryl). Treatment A was a continuous suture technique and treatment B was interrupted, inverted stitches. Primary outcomes: Perineal pain and wound healing...... assessed day 1-2 and 10 post partum. Secondary outcomes: patient satisfaction with wound healing, need for secondary repair, superficial pain during intercourse.   Data management: Double entry of all data and intention-to-treat analysis.   Results The follow up rate was 97%. Baseline data were evenly...

  13. Comparison of elastic versus rigid suture material for peripheral sutures in tendon repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nozaki, Kenji; Mori, Ryuji; Ryoke, Koji; Uchio, Yuji

    2012-06-01

    For secure tendon repair, while core suture materials have been previously investigated, the optimum material for peripheral sutures remains unclear. Transected bovine gastrocnemius tendons were repaired by 2-strand side-locking loop technique using no.2 braided polyblend polyethylene thread for the core suture. Then, 8-strand peripheral cross-stitches were added using either 2-0 rigid sutures (braided polyblend polyethylene) or USP 2-0-sized elastic sutures (nylon). The holding area of each peripheral suture was set at either 3 × 1 mm (shallow holding) or 6 × 2 mm (deep holding). Therefore, 4 groups were compared (the shallow-rigid, deep-rigid, shallow-elastic, and deep-elastic groups). The gap formation, ultimate tensile strength, and suture migration state were measured after 500 cyclic loadings (from 10 to 200 N). The shallow-rigid group had inferior outcomes compared to the other groups. Although the deep-rigid group had the smallest gap and highest ultimate strength, all peripheral sutures had failure prior to core suture rupture. The two elastic groups showed no significant differences, irrespective of the size of the holding area. Suture migration did not occur in the two elastic groups until the ultimate strength was reached and the core suture ruptured. Depending on the suturing method, rigid suture material may not be appropriate for peripheral sutures, when accompanying rigid core suture material. If peripheral sutures can be made with accurate deep holding, rigid suture material will provide favorable outcome. However, in other cases, elastic suture material is considered best for supporting a rigid core suture, as elasticity is another important factor for peripheral sutures. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. The influence of suture material on the strength of horizontal mattress suture configuration for meniscus repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hapa, Onur; Akşahin, Ertuğrul; Erduran, Mehmet; Davul, Serkan; Havitçioğlu, Hasan; LaPrade, Robert F; Bozdağ, Ergun; Sünbüloğlu, Emin

    2013-12-01

    Comparison of the mechanical characteristics of meniscal repair fixation using horizontal sutures and six different sutures under submaximal cyclic and load to failure test conditions may aid physicians in selecting a suture type. A 2-cm long anteroposterior vertical longitudinal incision was created in six groups of bovine medial menisci. Lesions were repaired using a No. 2 suture either composed of polyester or polyester and ultra high-molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), or UHMWPE and polydioxanone or pure UHMWPE. Endpoints included ultimate failure load (N), pull-out stiffness (N/mm), pull-out displacement (mm), cyclic displacement (mm) after 100cycles, after 500cycles, and mode of failure. Polyester suture had lower ultimate load than all groups except the suture composed of polyester and UHMWPE (Psuture had higher ultimate failure load than sutures composed of either polyester or polyester plus UHMWPE (Psuture cutting through the meniscus for the groups except for polyester suture which failed by suture rupture. Under cyclic loading conditions in bovine meniscus, braided polyester suture fixation provided lower initial fixation strength than fixation with various high strength sutures composed of pure UHMWPE or a combination of absorbable monofilament polydioxanone and UHMWPE, except for combination of polyester and UHMWPE sutures. Present study does not support the usage of the braided polyester sutures instead of high strength sutures composed either partially or totally of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene for the horizontal suture configuration of meniscus repair. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Suture materials - Current and emerging trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Christopher; Sethu, Swaminathan; Nayak, Sunita; Mohan, Loganathan; Morsi, Yosry Yos; Manivasagam, Geetha

    2016-06-01

    Surgical sutures are used to facilitate closure and healing of surgical- or trauma-induced wounds by upholding tissues together to facilitate healing process. There is a wide range of suture materials for medical purpose and the main types include absorbable and nonabsorbable. Recently, there is a growth in the development of classes of suture materials based on their properties and capabilities to improve tissue approximation and wound closure. This review outlines and discusses the current and emerging trends in suture technology including knotless barbed sutures, antimicrobial sutures, bio-active sutures such as drug-eluting and stem cells seeded sutures, and smart sutures including elastic, and electronic sutures. These newer strategies expand the versatility of sutures from being used as just a physical entity approximating opposing tissues to a more biologically active component enabling delivery of drugs and cells to the desired site with immense application potential in both therapeutics and diagnostics. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 104A: 1544-1559, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. The Effect of Different Suturing Techniques on Astigmatism after Penetrating Keratoplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sang Jin; Wee, Won Ryang; Lee, Jin Hak; Kim, Mee Kum

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effects on astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty with three different suture techniques. In this prospective study, 38 eyes of 38 patients underwent penetrating keratoplasty with three suturing techniques: interrupted, single running, and double running. Topographic astigmatism was measured at 2, 6, 12, and 18 months after keratoplasty. During 18 months after surgery, the interrupted suture group had higher astigmatism than the double running ...

  17. Advancement of Buried Muco- Subcutaneous Sutures for Ostomy Creation in Surgery for Ulcerative Colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchino, Motoi; Ikeuchi, Hiroki; Matsuoka, Hiroki; Bando, Toshihiro; Okayamaz, Kanako; Takesue, Yoshio; Tomita, Naohiro

    2015-06-01

    Ostomy creation is a fundamental technique. However, little information is available concerning the procedure and the associated complications. We reviewed the relationship between the ostomy procedure and complications. The records of patients who were diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and underwent ostomy creation between January 2007 and July 2012 were reviewed. Stoma complications, including muco-cutaneous dehiscence, fistula and granulation were also reviewed. The study included 176 patients who received interrupted sutures with removal of the stitches and 202 patients who received subcutaneous sutures without removal of the stitches. Among the patients with buried sutures, 108 received braided absorbable sutures and 94 received with mono filament absorbable sutures. The incidence of dehiscence was significantly higher with the interrupted sutures (43.2%) than with the buried sutures (31.2%), although the granulation and fistula rates were not significantly different. Among the patients with buried sutures, fistula (6.4%) and granulation (21.3%) rates were slightly increased with the mono filament sutures compared with the braided sutures, although the differences were not significant. CONCLUSIONS. Suture removal appeared to be an unnecessary manipulation at ostomy creation. Further study for all colorectal surgery is needed to investigate whether the incidence of fistula increases with buried sutures.

  18. Functional implications of dicynodont cranial suture morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasinoski, Sandra C; Rayfield, Emily J; Chinsamy, Anusuya

    2010-06-01

    Cranial suture morphology of Lystrosaurus and the generalized dicynodont Oudenodon was investigated to determine the strain environment during mastication, which in turn may indicate a difference in cranial function between the two taxa. Finite element (FE) analysis indicated that less strain accumulated in the cranium of Lystrosaurus during orthal bite simulations than in Oudenodon. Despite the overall difference in strain magnitude, moderate to high FE-predicted strain accumulated in similar areas of the cranium of both taxa. The suture morphology in these cranial regions of Lystrosaurus and Oudenodon was investigated further by examination of histological sections and supplemented by observations of serial sections and computed tomography (CT) scans. The predominant type of strain from selected blocks of finite elements that contain sutures was determined, enabling comparison of suture morphology to strain type. Drawing from strain-suture correlations established in extant taxa, the observed patterns of sutural morphology for both dicynodonts were used to deduce cranial function. The moderate to high compressive and tensile strain experienced by the infraorbital bar, zygomatic arch, and postorbital bar of Oudenodon and Lystrosaurus may have been decreased by small adjustive movements at the scarf sutures in those regions. Disparities in cranial suture morphology between the two taxa may reflect differences in cranial function. For instance, the tongue and groove morphology of the postorbital-parietal suture in Oudenodon could have withstood the higher FE-predicted tensile strain in the posterior skull roof. The scarf premaxilla-nasal suture of Lystrosaurus provided an additional region of sutural mobility in the anterior surface of the snout, suggesting that Lystrosaurus may have employed a different biting regime than Oudenodon. The morphology of several sutures sampled in this study correlated with the FE-predicted strain, although other cranial functional

  19. Suture slippage in knotless suture anchors as a potential failure mechanism in rotator cuff repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieser, Karl; Farshad, Mazda; Vlachopoulos, Lazaros; Ruffieux, Kurt; Gerber, Christian; Meyer, Dominik C

    2012-11-01

    To quantify the strength of suture fixation of knotless suture anchors in relation to the anchors' pullout strength and to compare these results with the static friction between different sutures and anchor materials. Suture slippage within the anchor and pullout strength of 4 different knotless suture anchor models were assessed in a bovine bone model. Furthermore, the peak force before onset of slippage of different sutures trapped between increasingly loaded 4-mm rods made of commonly used anchor material (polyetheretherketone, poly-L-lactide acid, metal) was assessed. In all but 1 of the tested anchors, there was a relevantly lower load needed for slippage of the sutures than to pull out the anchor from bone. The mean load to anchor pullout ranged between 156 and 269 N. The load to suture slippage ranged between 66 and 109 N. All sutures were better held between the metal rods (mean, 21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 19.2 to 23.3) than with polyetheretherketone rods (mean, 17; 95% CI, 15.7 to 18.1) or poly-L-lactide acid rods (mean, 18; 95% CI, 17.6 to 18.4). In the case of suture anchors that hold the sutures by clamping, the hold of the suture in the anchor may be far lower than the pullout strength of the anchor from bone, because the sutures just slip out from the anchor through the clamping mechanism. This is well explained by the low static friction achieved between the tested sutures and the test rods made of anchor materials. The use of knotless suture anchors appears quick and easy to perform; however, most of the anchor systems could not even reach half of the anchor pullout strength from bone before suture slippage occurred. Copyright © 2012 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Recycling Suture Limbs from Knotless Suture Anchors for Arthroscopic Shoulder Stabilization

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Timothy S.; DiPompeo, Christine M.; Ismaeli, Zahra C.; Porter, Polly A.; Nicholson, Shannon L.; Johnson, David C.

    2014-01-01

    Recurrent shoulder instability often leads to labral abnormality that requires surgical intervention that may require fixation with suture anchors. The proposed surgical technique allows the surgeon to achieve 2 points of fixation around the labrum and/or capsule with a single suture secured to the glenoid with a knotless anchor. Instead of cutting and discarding the residual suture limbs after anchor insertion, this technique uses the residual suture limbs of the knotless anchor for a second...

  1. Clamp fixation to prevent unfolding of a suture knot decreases tensile strength of polypropylene sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Türker, Mehmet; Yalçinozan, Mehmet; Çirpar, Meriç; Çetik, Özgür; Kalaycioğlu, Barış

    2012-12-01

    Although sutures evolved in last decade and the product spectrum broadened largely, they can be still classified into two: monofilament and multifilament. Sutures are the mainstay of orthopedic procedures like fascial closures, tendon repairs or tenodesis. In every repair, a suture loop is created. This suture loop is prone to failure due to suture elongation, knot slip and suture breakage. As the knot is the stress riser in a suture loop, the majority of acute loop failure occurs just adjacent to the knot. Monofilament sutures have higher bending stiffness and tendency to untie than multifilament sutures. The first throw of monofilament sutures have tendency to untie, which decrease loop tension and result in loss of achieved tissue approximation. Although a common practice is to fix the first throw via a clamp before the locking one is tied, it can be hypothesized that a potential deforming effect can lead to a decrease in ultimate failure load of a monofilament suture loop. Fixing the first throw significantly reduced the ultimate failure load of monofilament nonabsorbable polypropylene sutures (Prolene) (62.2 ± 8 N vs. 72.7 ± 9 N, p = 0.019). The ultimate failure load achieved by monofilament sutures Polyglyconate (Maxon) and Nylon (Ethilon) and braided absorbable Polyglactin (Vicryl) were not affected by fixing the first throw. Under microscopic examination, polypropylene sutures were found to be deformed by clamp fixation, while the others were not. Polypropylene sutures can be easily damaged when it is fixed by a clamp during knot tying. Presented data demonstrated that in real surgical situations clamp fixation of polypropylene knots can damage the suture loop and carry the risk of acute failure of repair site during early rehabilitation.

  2. Suture complications in a teaching institution among patients undergoing uterosacral ligament suspension with permanent braided suture

    OpenAIRE

    Yazdany, Tajnoos; Yip, Sallis; Bhatia, Narender N.; Nguyen, John N.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction and hypothesis Our study aimed to identify the rate of suture complications over a 5-year period using braided permanent suture for uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) surgery. Methods We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent vaginal uterosacral ligament suspensions using braided polyester suture. Outcome measures included rate and timing of suture complications, patient symptoms post-operatively, efficacy of treatment modalities and surgical success. Results ...

  3. Should nylon corneal sutures be routinely removed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, H.; Bosanquet, R.

    1991-01-01

    Three groups of patients who had undergone cataract extraction through a corneal incision closed with 10/0 nylon sutures one, two, and three years previously were recalled to determine the incidence of suture related complications. Broken corneal sutures were found in 87.5% of patients after two years and 90% after three years and were causing symptoms in over half the patients. It is recommended that 10/0 nylon corneal sutures be routinely removed no later than one year after surgery. Images PMID:1751460

  4. Comparison between suture anchor and transosseous suture for the modified-Broström procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Byung-Ki; Kim, Yong-Min; Kim, Dong-Soo; Choi, Eui-Sung; Shon, Hyun-Chul; Park, Kyoung-Jin

    2012-06-01

    This prospective, randomized study was conducted to compare clinical outcomes of the modified Broström procedure using suture anchor or transosseous suture technique for chronic ankle instability. Forty patients were followed for more than 2 years after modified Broström procedure. Twenty procedures using a suture anchor and 20 procedures using a transosseous suture were performed by one surgeon. The clinical evaluation consisted of the Karlsson scale and the Sefton grading system. Talar tilt and anterior talar translation were measured on anterior and varus stress radiographs. The Karlsson scale had improved significantly to 90.8 points in the suture anchor group, and to 89.2 points in the transosseous suture group. According to Sefton grading system, 18 patients (90%) in suture anchor group and 17 patients (85%) in transosseous suture group achieved satisfactory results. The talar tilt angle and anterior talar translation improved significantly to 5.9 degrees and 4.2 mm in suture anchor group, and to 5.4 degrees and 4.1 mm in transosseous suture group, respectively. No significant differences existed in clinical and functional outcomes between the two techniques for ligament reattachment. Both modified Broström procedures using the suture anchor and transosseous suture seem to be effective treatment methods for chronic lateral ankle instability.

  5. Suture strength and angle of load application in a suture anchor eyelet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deakin, Mark; Stubbs, David; Bruce, Warwick; Goldberg, Jerome; Gillies, Ronald M; Walsh, William R

    2005-12-01

    To assess the effect of suture material, anchor orientation, and anchor eyelet design on the static loading properties of suture anchors. Biomechanical bench study. Two metallic suture anchors, Mitek GII (Mitek, Westwood, MA) and Corkscrew (Arthrex, Naples, FL) and a bioabsorbable anchor (Biocorkscrew; Arthrex) were tested with single strand of No. 2 Ethibond (Ethicon, Norderstedt, Germany) or No. 2 FiberWire (Arthrex) suture. Suture pull angle was varied through 0 degrees, 45 degrees, and 90 degrees with the anchor rotation angle in either a sagittal or coronal plane. Constructs were tested to failure using an MTS 858 Bionix testing machine (Material Testing Systems, Eden Prairie, MN). Peak loads, stiffness, energy to peak load, and failure modes were determined for all samples. FiberWire showed superior static mechanical properties when compared with single-strand Ethibond over all testing conditions (P Suture pull angle had a significant effect on load to failure with both metallic anchors but not on the bioabsorbable anchor (P Suture pull angle and anchor rotation angle play an important role in the failure load of suture when placed in an eyelet. The polyaxial nature of the Biocorkscrew eyelet allows for increased degrees of freedom but introduces failure of the suture eyelet as a new failure mode. The loading direction and placement of the suture anchor plays a role in the performance of the suture anchor-suture complex.

  6. Transoral Mucosal Excision Sutured Gastroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legner, Andras; Altorjay, Aron; Juhasz, Arpad; Stadlhuber, Rudolph; Reich, Viktor; Hunt, Brandon; Rothstein, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. An outpatient transoral endoscopic procedure for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obesity would be appealing if safe, effective, and durable. We present the first in human experience with a new system. Methods. Eight patients with GERD (3) and obesity (5) were selected according to a preapproved study protocol. All GERD patients had preprocedure manometry and pH monitoring to document GERD as well as quality of life and symptom questionnaires. Obese patients (body mass index >35) underwent a psychological evaluation and tests for comorbidities. Under general anesthesia, a procedure was performed at the gastroesophageal junction including mucosal excision, suturing of the excision beds for apposition, and suture knotting. Results. One patient with micrognathia could not undergo the required preprocedural passage of a 60 F dilator and was excluded. The first 2 GERD patients had incomplete procedures due to instrument malfunction. The subsequent 5 subjects had a successfully completed procedure. Four patients were treated for obesity and had an average excess weight loss of 30.3% at 2-year follow-up. Of these patients, one had an 8-mm outlet at the end of the procedure recognized on video review—a correctable error—and another vomited multiple times postoperatively and loosened the gastroplasty sutures. The treated GERD patient had resolution of reflux-related symptoms and is off all antisecretory medications at 2-year follow-up. Her DeMeester score was 8.9 at 24 months. Conclusion. The initial human clinical experience showed promising results for effective and safe GERD and obesity therapy. PMID:24623807

  7. [Hermetic sealing of the cataract incision with intracorneal mattress sutures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseev, B N; Voronin, G V

    1998-01-01

    Main factors of hermetic closure of an operative wound in cataract extraction with intracapsular implantation of intraocular lens are discussed. A new method for closure of operation wound in this operation is proposed. Opposition intracorneal mattress sutures are made over the incision plane. Their principal feature is that the thread is not thrown over the external edge of corneal incision, as in traditional non-opposition sutures, and during pulling and suture the thread does not deform the external surface of the cornea in the central zone and hence, causes no postoperative corneal astigmatism. A method combining opposition and interrupted non-opposition sutures is proposed, and various combinations of these sutures are compared. Forty-five patients (45 eyes) were operated on using the proposed technique. Opposition sutures made in accordance with the methods proposed by the authors do not cause high postoperative corneal astigmatism, or it approximates the normal values of corneal astigmatism. A special marker is proposed for preliminary marking of sites for nonperforating incisions on the cornea and the site of cataract incision.

  8. Something of the nature of gross sutural growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarnat, B G

    1986-10-01

    A series of experiments was performed on monkeys, rabbits, and turtles to study gross sutural growth of bones. Radiopaque implants in conjunction with serial gross and radiographic measurements were employed. Differences in growth were observed between 5 facial sutures and also the same suture at different times. Growth was greatest at the zygomaticotemporal suture and least at the premaxillomaxillary suture. The nasal bone side of the frontonasal suture grew about twice as fact as the frontal bone side. In the turtle shell the midsagittal suture grew faster than a transverse suture. In all of the animals the rate of sutural growth decreased with increase in age. No gross regional growth disturbance was noted after resection of the frontonasal, midpalatine, or transpalatine sutures. After extirpation of the median palatine suture, it re-formed, in an eccentric position, in a number of instances. We concluded that bone growth that occurred at sutures was secondary or compensatory to some other factor.

  9. Modified suturing contact lens for penetrating keratoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, S G; Stewart, H L

    1978-11-01

    The authors have previously described a suturing contact lens that protects the corneal endothelium by aiding in the maintenance of the anterior chamber during penetrating keratoplasty. This report describes structural modifications of the suturing contact lens, which improve its stability and effectiveness. An additional configuration for use in corneal lacerations is presented.

  10. Biomechanical comparison of screw-in suture anchor-suture combinations used for Bankart repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparks, Brad S; Nyland, John; Nawab, Akbar; Blackburn, Ethan; Krupp, Ryan; Caborn, David N M

    2010-03-01

    Bankart repair laxity may contribute to pathologic joint instability. This biomechanical study compared two screw-in suture anchor-suture combinations under tensile loads. Twelve pairs of scapulae were implanted with either a 3 mm diameter, 14 mm long poly-L/D-lactide suture anchor with a suture eyelet (Group 1) or a 3.1 mm diameter, 11 mm long polylactide suture anchor with a molded eyelet (Group 2). Constructs were cyclically loaded between 25 and 50 N with a 25 N load increase every 25 cycles. Group 2 displayed greater displacement at failure, had more specimens with > or =2 mm displacement by the 50 N interval (P = 0.014), and had displaced more by 100 N (P suture anchor-suture loops, the rehabilitation timetable, and the timing of return to unrestricted activities.

  11. [Suture of lingual nerve: Technical note].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garconnet, J; Foletti, J-M; Guyot, L; Chossegros, C

    2015-06-01

    Because of its anatomical position, the lingual nerve may be severed during oral surgical procedures, such as third molar removal. Early suturing of the nerve promotes better recovery. We describe the end-to-end suture of this nerve. The suture is carried-out under general anesthesia. The approach is made in the mouth floor, in the same way as for submandibular gland lithiasis transoral removal. This approach allows good exposure and some laxity to displace the nerve stumps. The latter can then be sutured under microscope assistance before closing the mucosa. Lingual nerve suture is a simple, quick and inexpensive procedure. Unlike other procedures, it cannot be used in case of large loss of substance because of the small amount of laxity of the nerve. Nerve function recovery is better if performed before the 6th post-traumatic month, and in young patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Flexor tendons repair: effect of core sutures caliber with increased number of suture strands and peripheral sutures. A sheep model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uslu, M; Isik, C; Ozsahin, M; Ozkan, A; Yasar, M; Orhan, Z; Erkan Inanmaz, M; Sarman, H

    2014-10-01

    Surgeons have aimed to achieve strong repair so as to begin early active rehabilitation programs for flexor tendon injury. Multi-strand suture techniques were developed to gain improved gap resistance and ultimate force compared with the respective two-strand techniques. In vivo studies indicate that multiple strands may cause ischemia during the intrinsic healing process by decreasing the total cross-sectional area of the injured site, unless the total cross-sectional area of the sutures is not decreased. The hypothesis was to design an in vitro study to understand the biomechanical relationship between suture calibers of core sutures with increased number of suture strands and peripheral suture on final repair strength. Sixty fresh sheep forelimb flexor digitorum profundus tendons were randomly placed into three groups (A, B, and C), each containing 20 specimens, for tendon repair. Two-, four-, and eight-strand suture techniques were respectively used in Groups A, B, and C. A simple running peripheral suture technique was used in Subgroups A2, B2, and C2. For each repaired tendon, the 2-mm gap-formation force, 2-mm gap-formation strength, maximum breaking force and maximum breaking strength were determined. Differences in 2-mm gap-formation force and 2-mm gap-formation strength were found between Subgroups A1 and A2, B1 and B2, and C1 and C2. Between Groups A and B, A and C, and B and C, there was no difference as well. Both the number of strands and the ratio between the total suture volume and tendon volume at the repair site are important for ideal repair. If the total cross-sectional area of the sutures is equal in 2-strand, 4-strand, and 8-strand procedure, there is no difference in the strength of the repair. A decrease in caliber size suture requires more passes to achieve the same strength. Instead, it is much better to use peripheral suture techniques to improve the strength of the repair with larger diameter 2-strand core sutures. Copyright © 2014

  13. New adjustable suture technique for trabeculectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vespasiano Rebouças-Santos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To describe an adjustable suture (AS experimental model that allows for tightening, loosening and retightening of the suture tension in trabeculectomy. METHODS: Standard trabeculectomy was performed in fifteen pig eyeballs. All pig eyes were tested twice: one test with conventional suture in both flap's corners (conventional suture group and another test with a conventional suture at one corner and an adjustable suture in the other corner (AS group. The order in which each test was performed was defined by randomization. Intraocular pressure was measured at three time points: T1 when the knots were tightened; T2 when the AS was loosened or the conventional knot was removed; and T3 when the AS was retightened in the AS group or five minutes after the knot removal in the conventional suture group. RESULTS: The mean Intraocular pressure was similar between the two groups at time point 1 (p=0.97. However, significant Intraocular pressure differences were found between eyes in the conventional and adjustable suture groups at time points 2 (12.6 ± 4.2 vs 16.3 ± 2.3 cmH2O, respectively, p=0.006 and 3 (12.2 ± 4.0 vs 26.4 ± 1.7cmH2O, respectively; p=0.001. While the conventional technique allowed only Intraocular pressure reduction (following the knot removal; T2 and T3, the AS technique allowed both Intraocular pressure reduction (T2 and elevation (T3 through the management (loosening and retightening of the suture. CONCLUSION: This experimental model provides an effective noninvasive postoperative mechanism of suture tension adjustment.

  14. Torsion of monofilament and polyfilament sutures under tension decreases suture strength and increases risk of suture fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessey, D B; Carey, E; Simms, C K; Hanly, A; Winter, D C

    2012-08-01

    A continuous running suture is the preferential method for abdominal closure. In this technique the suture is secured with an initial knot and successive tissue bites are taken. At each tissue bite, the needle is rotated through the tissue; in doing so, the suture can twist around the knot which acts as an anchor. To determine the effect of axial torsional forces on sutures used in abdominal closure. The effect of axial twisting on polydioxanone (PDS*II), polyglactin (Vicryl), polypropylene (Prolene) and nylon (Ethilon) sutures was investigated using a uniaxial testing device. The maximum tensile force withstood for untwisted sutures was determined: polydioxanone failed at a tensile force of 116.4±0.84 N, polyglactin failed at 113.9±2.4 N, polypropylene failed at 71.1±1.5 N and nylon failed at 61.8±0.5 N. Twisting decreased the maximum tensile force of all sutures; one complete twist per 10 mm (i.e., 15 twists) decreased the tensile strength of polydioxanone by 21%, polyglactin by 23%, polypropylene by 16% and nylon by 13%, psuture strength, with one twist per 75 mm (i.e., 20 twists) of polydioxanone decreasing strength by 39%, Psutures is a previously unrecognised phenomenon. Surgeons should be aware that this can result in a decrease in suture strength and reduce the elasticity of the material, and therefore need to adapt their practice to reduce the torsional force placed on sutures. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Postoperative washing of sutured wounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrad Harrison

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A best evidence topic was written according to the structured protocol. The three part question addressed was: [In patients undergoing closure of surgical wounds with sutures] does [keeping the wound dry for the first 48 h after closure] [reduce the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs]? 4 relevant papers were culled from the literature and appraised. The authors, date, country, population, study type, main outcomes, key results and study weaknesses were tabulated. Current NICE guidelines recommend cleaning surgical wounds with sterile saline only for the first 48 h following skin closure. We found no evidence that washing wounds with tap water during this period increases the incidence of SSIs compared to keeping them dry. Further randomised controlled trials will enable the construction of conclusive systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

  16. Barbed suture vs traditional suture in single-port total laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Taejong; Lee, San-Hui

    2014-01-01

    To compare surgical outcomes between barbed suture and traditional suture used in repair of the vaginal vault during single-port total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). Case-control study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Two institutions. One hundred two patients with benign uterine disease. Single-port TLH using barbed suture (n = 43) or traditional suture (n = 59). Patient characteristics (age, body mass index, demographic data), procedures performed, uterine weight, and uterine disease were similar between the 2 study groups. There were also no differences in operative complications, conversion to other surgical approaches, operative blood loss, postoperative pain, and duration of hospital stay between the 2 groups. Use of barbed suture significantly reduced the time required for vaginal cuff suturing (11.4 vs 22.5 minutes; p suture is less technically demanding than traditional suture (p suture in single-port TLH may aid surgeons by reducing operative time, suturing time, and surgical difficulty. Copyright © 2014 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Influence of different length of core suture purchase among suture row on the strength of 6-strand tendon repairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okubo, Hirotaka; Kusano, Nozomu; Kinjo, Masaki; Kanaya, Fuminori

    2015-01-01

    In multi-strand suture methods consisting of several suture rows, the different length of core suture purchase between each suture row may affect the strength of repairs. We evaluated the influence of the different length of core suture purchase between each suture row on the strength of 6-strand tendon repairs. Rabbit flexor tendons were repaired by using a triple-looped suture technique in which the suture purchase length in each suture row was modified. Group 1, all lengths are 8-mm. Group 2, all lengths are 10-mm. Group 3, two are 10-mm and one is 8-mm. Group 4, one is 10-mm and two are 8-mm. The repaired tendons were subjected to load-to-failure test. The gap strength was significantly greater in Group 1 and Group 2 than in Group 3 and Group 4. This study demonstrates that maintaining equal core suture purchase lengths of each suture row increases the gap resistance.

  18. Suture slippage in knotless suture anchors resulting in subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayeri, Mohammad Reza; Keefe, Daniel T; Chang, Eric Y

    2016-05-01

    Rotator cuff repair using a suture bridge and knotless suture anchors is a relatively new, but increasingly used technique. The suture bridge technique creates an anatomically similar and more secure rotator cuff repair compared with conventional arthroscopic techniques and the use of knotless anchors eliminates the challenges associated with knot tying during arthroscopic surgery. However, previous in vitro biomechanical tests have shown that the hold of the suture in a knotless suture anchor is far lower than the pullout strength of the anchor from bone. Up until now slippage has been a theoretical concern. We present a prospectively diagnosed case of in vivo suture loosening after rotator cuff repair using a knotless bridge technique resulting in subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis.

  19. 21 CFR 878.4830 - Absorbable surgical gut suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Absorbable surgical gut suture. 878.4830 Section... surgical gut suture. (a) Identification. An absorbable surgical gut suture, both plain and chromic, is an... “Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Surgical Sutures; Guidance for Industry and FDA.” See § 878...

  20. 21 CFR 878.4840 - Absorbable polydioxanone surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Absorbable polydioxanone surgical suture. 878.4840... polydioxanone surgical suture. (a) Identification. An absorbable polydioxanone surgical suture is an absorbable... for the device is FDA's “Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Surgical Sutures; Guidance for...

  1. 21 CFR 878.5020 - Nonabsorbable polyamide surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Nonabsorbable polyamide surgical suture. 878.5020... polyamide surgical suture. (a) Identification. Nonabsorbable polyamide surgical suture is a nonabsorbable... indicated for use in soft tissue approximation. The polyamide surgical suture meets United States...

  2. 21 CFR 882.4650 - Neurosurgical suture needle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Neurosurgical suture needle. 882.4650 Section 882...) MEDICAL DEVICES NEUROLOGICAL DEVICES Neurological Surgical Devices § 882.4650 Neurosurgical suture needle. (a) Identification. A neurosurgical suture needle is a needle used in suturing during neurosurgical...

  3. 21 CFR 878.4495 - Stainless steel suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Stainless steel suture. 878.4495 Section 878.4495...) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4495 Stainless steel suture. (a) Identification. A stainless steel suture is a needled or unneedled nonabsorbable surgical suture composed of 316L...

  4. 21 CFR 878.5010 - Nonabsorbable polypropylene surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Nonabsorbable polypropylene surgical suture. 878... Nonabsorbable polypropylene surgical suture. (a) Identification. Nonabsorbable polypropylene surgical suture is... suture meets United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P.) requirements as described in the U.S.P. Monograph for...

  5. 21 CFR 878.5030 - Natural nonabsorbable silk surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Natural nonabsorbable silk surgical suture. 878... Natural nonabsorbable silk surgical suture. (a) Identification. Natural nonabsorbable silk surgical suture... Bombycidae. Natural nonabsorbable silk surgical suture is indicated for use in soft tissue approximation...

  6. Does the type of suturing technique used affect astigmatism after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty in keratoconus patients?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acar BT

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Banu Torun Acar, Ece Turan Vural, Suphi AcarHaydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Istanbul, TurkeyPurpose: To compare the effect of three different suturing techniques on astigmatism after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK in patients with keratoconus.Methods: In this retrospective study, 54 eyes of 54 patients with advanced keratoconus underwent DALK with three suturing techniques: single running, interrupted running, and combined interrupted and running. Postkeratoplasty astigmatism was evaluated during examinations 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively and 2 months after completing suture removal.Results: Twenty-four eyes had single running sutures, 16 eyes had interrupted sutures, and in 14 eyes the suturing technique used was combined interrupted and running sutures. Mean age was 25.6 ± 5.9 years, 27.3 ± 6.8 years, and 26.5 ± 5.7 years (P = 0.422, and postoperative astigmatism 1 month after surgery was 3.79 ± 1.19 D, 5.56 ± 1.78 D, and 4.21 ± 1.55 D in the three groups, respectively (P = 0.012. However, 2 months after completing the suture removal, final postoperative astigmatism was 3.43 ± 1.44 D, 3.87 ± 1.38 D, and 3.71 ± 1.46 D (P = 0.846. Final astigmatism less than 4 D was seen in 18 cases (75% in the single running group, nine cases (56.2% in the interrupted running group, and nine cases (64.2% in the combined interrupted and running group (P = 0.08.Conclusion: Postkeratoplasty astigmatism is comparable with three different suturing techniques used in patients with keratoconus after completing suture removal in DALK. Due to earlier suture removal in DALK, the type of suturing technique used is not considerably important.Keywords: astigmatism, deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty, suturing technique

  7. Suture anchor repair yields better biomechanical properties than transosseous sutures in ruptured quadriceps tendons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petri, M; Dratzidis, A; Brand, S; Calliess, T; Hurschler, C; Krettek, C; Jagodzinski, M; Ettinger, M

    2015-04-01

    This human cadaveric study compares the biomechanical properties of quadriceps tendon repair with suture anchors and the commonly applied transosseous sutures. The hypothesis was that suture anchors provide at least equal results concerning gap formation and ultimate failure load compared with transosseous suture repair. Thirty human cadaveric knees underwent tenotomy followed by repair with either 5.5-mm-double-loaded suture anchors [titanium (TA) vs. resorbable hydroxyapatite (HA)] or transpatellar suture tunnels using No. 2 Ultrabraid™ and the Krackow whipstitch. Biomechanical analysis included pretensioning the constructs with 20 N for 30 s and then cyclic loading of 250 cycles between 20 and 100 N at 1 Hz in a servohydraulic testing machine with measurement of elongation. Ultimate failure load analysis and failure mode analysis were performed subsequently. Tendon repairs with suture anchors yielded significantly less gap formation during cyclic loading (20th-250th cycle: TA 1.9 ± 0.1, HA 1.5 ± 0.5, TS 33.3 ± 1.9 mm, p sutures. Common failure mode was pull-out of the eyelet within the suture anchor in the HA group and rupture of the suture in the TA and TS group. Quadriceps tendon repair with suture anchors yields significantly better biomechanical results than the commonly applied transosseous sutures in this human cadaveric study. These biomechanical findings may change the future clinical treatment for quadriceps tendon ruptures. Randomised controlled clinical trials are desirable for the future. Not applicable, controlled laboratory human cadaveric study.

  8. Sequential selective same-day suture removal in the management of post-keratoplasty astigmatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, U; Mokashi, A A; Elalfy, M S; Dua, H S

    2013-09-01

    In a previous study, we proposed that corneal topography performed 30-40 min after the initial suture removal can identify the next set of sutures requiring removal, for the treatment of post-keratoplasty astigmatism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of removing subsequent sets of sutures at the same sitting. 10/0 nylon interrupted sutures were placed, to secure the graft-host junction, at the time of keratoplasty. Topography was performed using Pentacam (Oculus) before suture removal. The sutures to be removed in the steep semi-meridians were identified and removed at the slit-lamp biomicroscope. Topography was repeated 30-40 min post suture removal, the new steep semi-meridians determined, and the next set of sutures to be removed were identified and removed accordingly. Topography was repeated 4-6 weeks later and the magnitude of topographic astigmatism was recorded. A paired-samples t-test was used to evaluate the impact of selective suture removal on reducing the magnitude of topographic and refractive astigmatism. Twenty eyes of 20 patients underwent sequential selective same-day suture removal (SSSS) after corneal transplantation. This study showed that the topographic astigmatism decreased by about 46.7% (3.68 D) and the refractive astigmatism decreased by about 37.7% (2.61 D) following SSSS. Vector calculations also show a significant reduction of both topographic and refractive astigmatism (Pkeratoplasty.

  9. Running sutures anchored with square knots are unreliable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aanning, H L; Van Osdol, Andrew; Allamargot, Chantal; Becker, Brandt E; Howard, Thomas C; Likness, Micah L; Merkwan, Courtney E; Tarver, Dan D

    2012-09-01

    A previous study showed that running polypropylene sutures anchored with square knots retain only 75% of their strength compared with half hitches. The aim of this study was to investigate whether anchor knot geometry similarly affects the tensile strength of other types of sutures used in continuous closures. Monofilament and multifilament sutures (all 3-0) were anchored with either square knots or half hitches to 1 tensionometer post, and the running ends were secured to the other. The force required to break the running suture and the site of suture failure were recorded. The running sutures anchored with square knots retained only 50% to 84% of the strength of the identical sutures secured with half hitches (P suture anchored with half hitches is stronger and safer in comparison with the same suture anchored with square knots. This study provokes a fundamental reconsideration of the use of square knots to anchor running sutures. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Evaluation of absorbable and nonabsorbable sutures for repair of achilles tendon rupture with a suture-guiding device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocaoglu, Baris; Ulku, Tekin Kerem; Gereli, Arel; Karahan, Mustafa; Turkmen, Metin

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the functional and clinical results of Achilles tendon repairs with an Achilles tendon suture-guiding device using nonabsorbable versus absorbable sutures. We hypothesized that the absorbable suture would have clinical results comparable to those of the nonabsorbable suture for Achilles tendon repair with an Achilles tendon suture-guiding system. From January 2010 to September 2013, 48 consecutive patients who had sustained a spontaneous rupture of the Achilles tendon underwent operative repair with an Achilles tendon suture-guiding device using 2 different suture types. All ruptures were acute. The patients were divided equally into 2 groups according to suture type. In the nonabsorbable suture group, No. 2 braided nonabsorbable polyethylene terephthalate sutures were used, and in the absorbable suture group, braided absorbable polyglactin sutures were used. The average age of the patients was 38 years (range, 28-50 years). Functional outcome scores and complications were evaluated. All patients had an intact Achilles repair after surgery. The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot clinical outcome scores were 98 (range, 90-100) in the nonabsorbable suture group and 96.8 (range, 87-100) in the absorbable suture group. All patients returned to their previous work. The absorbable suture group had fewer postoperative complications (0%) than the nonabsorbable suture group (12.5%) (P suture in the treatment of Achilles tendon repair by an Achilles tendon suture-guiding system was associated with a lower incidence of suture reaction; however, functionally the results were not notably different from those using a traditional nonabsorbable suture. We conclude that repair with absorbable sutures is appropriate for Achilles tendon ruptures. Level II, prospective comparative study. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Facial thread lifting with suture suspension

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Joana de Pinho Tavares; Carlos Augusto Costa Pires Oliveira; Rodolfo Prado Torres; Fayez Bahmad Jr

    ...: To analyze data published in the literature on the durability of results, their effectiveness, safety, and risk of serious adverse events associated with procedures using several types of threading sutures. Methods...

  12. Biomechanical properties of suture anchor repair compared with transosseous sutures in patellar tendon ruptures: a cadaveric study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ettinger, Max; Dratzidis, Antonios; Hurschler, Christof; Brand, Stephan; Calliess, Tilman; Krettek, Christian; Jagodzinski, Michael; Petri, Maximilian

    2013-11-01

    Ruptures of the patellar tendon are debilitating injuries requiring surgical repair. Reliable data about the most appropriate suture technique and suture material are missing. The standard procedure consists of refixing the tendon with sutures in transpatellar tunnels, sometimes combined with augmentation. Suture anchors provide at least equal results concerning gap formation during cyclic loading and ultimate failure load compared with transosseous suture repair. Controlled laboratory study. A total of 30 human cadaveric patellar tendons underwent tenotomy followed by repair with 5.5-mm titanium suture anchors, 5.5-mm resorbable hydroxyapatite suture anchors, or transpatellar suture tunnels with No. 2 Ultrabraid and the Krackow whipstitch technique. Biomechanical analysis included pretensioning the constructs at 20 N for 30 seconds and then cyclic loading of 250 cycles between 20 and 100 N at 1 Hz in a servohydraulic testing machine with measurement of elongation. After this, ultimate failure load and failure mode analysis was performed. Compared with transosseous sutures, tendon repairs with suture anchors yielded significantly less gap formation during cyclic loading (P suture anchor in the hydroxyapatite anchor group and rupture of the suture in the titanium anchor group and-at lower load to failure-in the transosseous group. Patellar tendon repair with suture anchors yields significantly better biomechanical results than repair with the commonly applied transosseous sutures. These findings may be of relevance for future clinical treatment of patellar tendon ruptures. Randomized controlled clinical trials comparing suture anchors to transosseous suture repair are desirable.

  13. A multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing absorbable barbed sutures versus conventional absorbable sutures for dermal closure in open surgical procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, J Peter; Hunstad, Joseph P; Polynice, Alain; Gusenoff, Jeffrey A; Schoeller, Thomas; Dunn, Raymond; Walgenbach, Klaus J; Hansen, Juliana E

    2014-02-01

    Barbed sutures were developed to reduce operative time and improve security of wound closure. The authors compare absorbable barbed sutures (V-Loc, Covidien, Mansfield, Massachusetts) with conventional (smooth) absorbable sutures for soft tissue approximation. A prospective multicenter randomized study comparing barbed sutures with smooth sutures was undertaken between August 13, 2009, and January 31, 2010, in 241 patients undergoing abdominoplasty, mastopexy, and reduction mammaplasty. Each patient received barbed sutures on 1 side of the body, with deep dermal sutures eliminated or reduced. Smooth sutures with deep dermal and subcuticular closure were used on the other side as a control. The primary endpoint was dermal closure time. Safety was assessed through adverse event reporting through a 12-week follow-up. A total of 229 patients were ultimately treated (115 with slow-absorbing polymer and 114 with rapid-absorbing polymer). Mean dermal closure time was significantly quicker with the barbed suture compared with the smooth suture (12.0 vs 19.2 minutes; Psutures. The rapid-absorbing barbed suture showed a complication profile equivalent to the smooth suture, while the slow-absorbing barbed suture had a higher incidence of minor suture extrusion. Barbed sutures enabled faster dermal closure quicker than smooth sutures, with a comparable complication profile. 1.

  14. Comparison of All-Inside Suture Technique with Traditional Pull-out Suture and Suture Anchor Repair Techniques for Flexor Digitorum Profundus Attachment to Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Jennifer Y; Chen, Tony; Awad, Hani A.; Elfar, John; Hammert, Warren C.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose One goal in repairing Zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) injuries is to create a tendon-bone construct strong enough to allow early rehabilitation while minimizing morbidity. This study introduces an alternative all-inside suture repair technique and compares it biomechanically with pull-out suture and double suture anchor repairs. Methods Repairs were performed on thirty cadaver fingers. In all-inside suture repairs (n=8), the FDP tendon was attached to bone with two 3-0 Ethibond sutures and tied over the dorsal aspect of distal phalanx. Pull-out suture repairs (n=8) were performed with 2-0 Prolene suture and tied over a dorsal button. There were two suture anchor repair groups: Arthrex Micro Corkscrew anchors preloaded with 2-0 FiberWire suture (n=7) and Depuy Micro Mitek anchors preloaded with 3-0 Orthocord suture (n=7). Repair constructs were tested using a servohydraulic materials testing system and loaded until the repair lost 75% of its strength. Results There were no statistically significant differences in tensile stiffness, ultimate load, or work to failure between the repairs. Failure mode was suture stretch and gap formation >2mm at the repair site for all pull-out suture repairs and 7 of 8 all-inside suture repairs. Two of the Arthrex Micro Corkscrew repairs and five of the Depuy Micro Mitek repairs failed by anchor pull out. Conclusions This cadaveric biomechanical study showed no difference in tensile stiffness, ultimate load, and work to failures between an all-inside suture repair technique for zone 1 FDP repairs and previously described pull-out suture and suture anchor repair techniques. The all-inside suture technique also has the advantages of avoiding an external button and the cost of anchors. Therefore, it should be considered as an alternative to other techniques. Clinical Relevance This study introduces a new FDP reattachment technique that avoids some of the complications of current techniques. PMID:23578439

  15. Pullout strength of suture anchors in comparison with transosseous sutures for rotator cuff repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietschmann, Matthias F; Fröhlich, Valerie; Ficklscherer, Andreas; Hausdorf, Jörg; Utzschneider, Sandra; Jansson, Volkmar; Müller, Peter E

    2008-05-01

    Suture anchors are increasingly gaining importance in rotator cuff surgery. This means they will be gradually replacing transosseous sutures. The purpose of this study was to compare the stability of transosseous sutures with different suture anchors with regard to their pullout strength depending on bone density. By means of bone densitometry (CT scans), two groups of human humeral head specimens were determined: a healthy and a osteopenic bone group. Following anchor systems were being tested: SPIRALOK 5.0 mm (resorbable, DePuy Mitek), Super Revo 5 mm (titanium, Linvatec), UltraSorb (resorbable, Linvatec) and the double U-sutures with Orthocord USP 2 (partly resorbable, DePuy Mitek) and Ethibond Excel 2 (non-resorbable, Ethicon). The suture anchors/double U-sutures were inserted in the greater tuberosity 12 times. An electromechanical testing machine was used for cyclic loading with power increasing in stages. We recorded the ultimate failure loads, the system displacements and the modes of failure. The suture anchors tended to bring about higher ultimate failure loads than the transosseous double U-sutures. This difference was significant in the comparison of the Ethibond suture and the SPIRALOK 5.0 mm-both in healthy and osteopenic bone. Both the suture materials and the SPIRALOK 5.0 mm showed a significant difference in pullout strength on either healthy or osteopenic bone; the titanium anchor SuperRevo 5 mm and the tilting anchor UltraSorb did not show any significant difference in healthy or osteopenic bone. There was no significant difference concerning system displacement (healthy and osteopenic bone) between the five anchor systems tested. The pullout strength of transosseous sutures is neither on healthy nor on osteopenic bone higher than that of suture anchors. Therefore, even osteopenic bone does not constitute a valid reason for the surgeon to perform open surgery by means of transosseous sutures. The choice of sutures in osteopenic bone is of little

  16. Shear lag sutures: Improved suture repair through the use of adhesives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linderman, Stephen W; Kormpakis, Ioannis; Gelberman, Richard H; Birman, Victor; Wegst, Ulrike G K; Genin, Guy M; Thomopoulos, Stavros

    2015-09-01

    Suture materials and surgical knot tying techniques have improved dramatically since their first use over five millennia ago. However, the approach remains limited by the ability of the suture to transfer load to tissue at suture anchor points. Here, we predict that adhesive-coated sutures can improve mechanical load transfer beyond the range of performance of existing suture methods, thereby strengthening repairs and decreasing the risk of failure. The mechanical properties of suitable adhesives were identified using a shear lag model. Examination of the design space for an optimal adhesive demonstrated requirements for strong adhesion and low stiffness to maximize the strength of the adhesive-coated suture repair construct. To experimentally assess the model, we evaluated single strands of sutures coated with highly flexible cyanoacrylates (Loctite 4903 and 4902), cyanoacrylate (Loctite QuickTite Instant Adhesive Gel), rubber cement, rubber/gasket adhesive (1300 Scotch-Weld Neoprene High Performance Rubber & Gasket Adhesive), an albumin-glutaraldehyde adhesive (BioGlue), or poly(dopamine). As a clinically relevant proof-of-concept, cyanoacrylate-coated sutures were then used to perform a clinically relevant flexor digitorum tendon repair in cadaver tissue. The repair performed with adhesive-coated suture had significantly higher strength compared to the standard repair without adhesive. Notably, cyanoacrylate provides strong adhesion with high stiffness and brittle behavior, and is therefore not an ideal adhesive for enhancing suture repair. Nevertheless, the improvement in repair properties in a clinically relevant setting, even using a non-ideal adhesive, demonstrates the potential for the proposed approach to improve outcomes for treatments requiring suture fixation. Further study is necessary to develop a strongly adherent, compliant adhesive within the optimal design space described by the model. Copyright © 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier

  17. Experimental study of the characteristics of a novel mesh suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumanian, G A; Tulaimat, A; Dumanian, Z P

    2015-09-01

    The failure of sutures to maintain tissue in apposition is well characterized in hernia repairs. A mesh suture designed to facilitate tissue integration into and around the filaments may improve tissue hold and decrease suture pull-through. In vitro, the sutures were compared for resistance to pull-through in ballistics gel. In vivo, closure of midline laparotomy incisions was done with both sutures in 11 female pigs. Tissue segments were subsequently subjected to mechanical and histological testing. The mesh suture had tensile characteristics nearly identical to those of 0-polypropylene suture. Mesh suture demonstrated greater resistance to pull-through than standard suture (mean(s.d.) 4.27(0.42) versus 2.23(0.48) N; P suture (320(57) versus 160(56) N; P suture. Histological examination at 8 and 90 days showed complete tissue integration of the mesh suture. The novel mesh suture structure increased the strength of early wound healing in an experimental model. Surgical relevance Traditional sutures have the significant drawback of cutting and pulling through tissues in high-tension closures. A new mesh suture design with a flexible macroporous outer wall and a hollow core allows the tissues to grow into the suture, improving early wound strength and decreasing suture pull-through. This technology may dramatically increase the reliability of high-tension closures, thereby preventing incisional hernia after laparotomy. As suture pull-through is a problem relevant to all surgical disciplines, numerous additional indications are envisioned with mesh suture formulations of different physical properties and materials. © 2015 The Authors. BJS published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of BJS Society Ltd.

  18. The history and evolution of sutures in pelvic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muffly, Tyler M; Tizzano, Anthony P; Walters, Mark D

    2011-01-01

    Summary The purpose of the study is to review the history and innovations of sutures used in pelvic surgery. Based on a review of the literature using electronic- and hand-searched databases we identified appropriate articles and gynaecology surgical textbooks regarding suture for wound closure. The first documented uses of suture are explored and then the article focuses on the use of knotted materials in pelvic surgery. The development of suture of natural materials is followed chronologically until the present time where synthetic suture is implanted during countless surgeries every day. This millennial history of suture contains an appreciation of the early work of Susruta, Celsus, Paré and Lister, including a survey of some significant developments of suture methods over the last 100 years. Most surgeons know little about the history and science of sutures. A retrospective view of suture is critical to the appreciation of the current work and development of this common tool. PMID:21357979

  19. A bidirectional interface growth model for cranial interosseous suture morphogenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zollikofer, Christoph P E; Weissmann, John David

    2011-01-01

    Interosseous sutures exhibit highly variable patterns of interdigitation and corrugation. Recent research has identified fundamental molecular mechanisms of suture formation, and computer models have been used to simulate suture morphogenesis. However, the role of bone strain in the development of complex sutures is largely unknown, and measuring suture morphologies beyond the evaluation of fractal dimensions remains a challenge. Here we propose a morphogenetic model of suture formation, which is based on the paradigm of Laplacian interface growth. Computer simulations of suture morphogenesis under various boundary conditions generate a wide variety of synthetic sutural forms. Their morphologies are quantified with a combination of Fourier analysis and principal components analysis, and compared with natural morphological variation in an ontogenetic sample of human interparietal suture lines. Morphometric analyses indicate that natural sutural shapes exhibit a complex distribution in morphospace. The distribution of synthetic sutures closely matches the natural distribution. In both natural and synthetic systems, sutural complexity increases during morphogenesis. Exploration of the parameter space of the simulation system indicates that variation in strain and/or morphogen sensitivity and viscosity of sutural tissue may be key factors in generating the large variability of natural suture complexity. PMID:21539540

  20. Arthroscopic Fixation of Tibial Eminence Fractures: A Biomechanical Comparative Study of Screw, Suture, and Suture Anchor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ji; Yu, Yang; Liu, Chunhui; Su, Xiangzheng; Liao, Weixiong; Li, Zhongli

    2018-01-31

    To compare biomechanical outcomes of 4 different arthroscopic techniques for fixation of tibial eminence fractures. Twenty-four skeletally mature, fresh-frozen cadaveric knees were divided into 4 comparison groups based on the fixation method: screw fixation (group A), traditional sutures fixation with 2 FiberWire sutures (group B), a modified suture technique with 2 FiberWire sutures that created neckwear knots to firmly trap the fracture fragment (group C), or suture anchors which was based on the suture bridge technique primarily used in the shoulder for repair of rotator cuff tears and greater tuberosity fractures (group D). A tibial eminence fracture was created in each knee for subsequent fixation. After fixation, each knee underwent cyclic loading of 100 N to assess the displacement change after 500 cycles of the fixation construct. Afterward, a single tensile failure test load was performed to assess the ultimate failure load, stiffness, and failure mode for each specimen. All specimens survived cyclic testing and were subsequently loaded to failure. Group C had the highest ultimate failure load (P Suture fixation using the neckwear knots technique provides superior fixation with regard to higher ultimate failure load, and absorbable suture anchor fixation with the suture bridge technique provides less displacement under cyclic loading conditions. Both techniques exhibited superior biomechanical properties compared with traditional screw and suture fixation. The new techniques showed satisfactory biomechanical properties and provided more choice for surgeons in the treatment of tibial eminence fractures. Copyright © 2017 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Suture-related complications after congenital cataract surgery: Vicryl versus Mersilene sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Sela, Shai M; Spierer, Oriel; Spierer, Abraham

    2007-02-01

    To evaluate 10-0 polyester sutures (Mersilene) and 10-0 absorbable polyglactin sutures (Vicryl) for small-incision congenital cataract surgery. Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. A retrospective review comprised 51 patients (70 eyes) who had small-incision congenital cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation between 1999 and 2005. Surgery was done using Mersilene sutures or Vicryl sutures. Retinoscopy and a careful examination for suture-related complications were done 1 week after surgery and then every month for 6 months. The sutures were removed in cases of local tissue reaction but not for high postoperative astigmatism. The t test was used to evaluate postoperative astigmatism and the Fisher exact test, to evaluate the difference in the incidence of suture-related complications. The patients' age ranged from 2 months to 15 years. Ten cases (18%) of corneal vascularization occurred in the Mersilene group during the 6-month follow-up period. This necessitated suture removal, after which 1 incident of endophthalmitis occurred. In contrast, no suture-related complications were noted in the Vicryl group during that time. The difference in the incidence of complications between the 2 groups approached statistical significance (P = .07). Mean astigmatism 1 week postoperatively was 2.3 diopters (D) +/- 2.1 (SD) in the Mersilene group, which was significantly higher than in the Vicryl group (mean 1.4 +/- 1.1 D) (P = .038). However, the mean astigmatism decreased to less than 1.0 D in both groups during the 6-month follow-up period. Vicryl sutures are recommended for small-incision congenital cataract surgery.

  2. Estudo comparativo entre a sutura contínua e a com pontos separados na parede abdominal de ratos A comparative study between continuous and interrupted sutures in rat's abdominal wall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Ricardo F. Tognini

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste experimento foi comparar a sutura contínua e a sutura com pontos separados no fechamento da parede abdominal. Foram utilizados 48 ratos machos Wistar, submetidos a laparotomia com técnica de diérese padronizada, 24 submetidos a sutura da parede abdominal por técnica contínua e 24 com pontos separados, com fio polidioxanona. No 7º e 14º dia de pós-operatório foram submetidos a eutanásia 12 animais de cada grupo e deles retirados a camada músculo-fascial abdominal envolvendo a cicatriz operatória e dividida aleatoriamente em dois segmentos (cranial e caudal, um para ser submetido a avaliação da força de rotura mediante o uso de tensiômetro e outro para exame histológico, onde foi realizada a avaliação quantitativa de colágeno na linha de sutura. Os resultados encontrados foram analisados estatisticamente. Concluiu-se que no 7º dia de pós-operatório a parede abdominal suturada com pontos separados é mais resistente, porém sem diferenças significantes na quantidade de colágeno, do que a suturada por técnica contínua, e no 14º dia, ambas se equivalem nos dois parâmetros estudados, em ratos.The purpose of the experiment was to compare the continuous and interrupted techniques of abdominal clousure. It was used 48 male rats Wistar to realize longudinal laparotomies with a standardized technique. In 24 of them, the abdominal wall was closed by continuous suture and in 24 of them closed by interrupted suture. All of them using polidioxanone. In the 7th and 14th postoperative day, 12 animals of each group were submitted to euthanasia and the front abdominal wall was removed (without skin and divided in two segmentes (cranial and caudal, one for hystological analysis with an objective measurament og collagenous and another to the test of tensile strength by tensiometer. The resultant data were submitted to statistical analysis. It was conclued that in the 7th day , the abdominal wall closed by interrupted

  3. Influence of suturing on wound healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkhardt, Rino; Lang, Niklaus P

    2015-06-01

    The present article describes the significance of suturing and appropriate suture materials in current periodontal and implant surgery. Synthetic, nonresorbable, monofilament threads appear to be advantageous. The physical and biological properties of such threads remain unchanged with use and, when used in small diameters (i.e. with lower breaking resistance), seem to promote passive wound closure. Wound healing at hard, nonshedding surfaces is conceptually a more complex process than is wound healing in most other sites of the oral cavity. Firm adaptation and stabilization of the flaps by optimal suturing ensures adhesion of the delicate fibrin clot to the nonshedding surface. The early formation and mechanical stability of the blood clot between the mucosal or mucoperiosteal flap and the wound bed are of paramount importance and hence suturing techniques must be considered as a key prerequisite to ensure optimal surgical outcomes. With the sophisticated surgical procedures now applied, there is a greater need for knowledge with regard to the various types of suturing techniques and materials available in order to achieve the above-mentioned goals. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Facial thread lifting with suture suspension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana de Pinho Tavares

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: The increased interest in minimally-invasive treatments, such as the thread lifting, with lower risk of complications, minimum length of time away from work and effectiveness in correcting ptosis and aging characteristics has led many specialists to adopt this technique, but many doubts about its safety and effectiveness still limit its overall use. Objective: To analyze data published in the literature on the durability of results, their effectiveness, safety, and risk of serious adverse events associated with procedures using several types of threading sutures. Methods: Literature review using the key words "thread lift", "barbed suture", "suture suspension" and "APTOS". Due to the scarcity of literature, recent reports of facial lifting using threads were also selected, complemented with bibliographical references. Result: The first outcomes of facial lifting with barbed sutures remain inconclusive. Adverse events may occur, although they are mostly minor, self-limiting, and short-lived. The data on the maximum effect of the correction, the durability of results, and the consequences of the long-term suture stay are yet to be clarified. Conclusion: Interest in thread lifting is currently high, but this review suggests that it should not yet be adopted as an alternative to rhytidectomy.

  5. Facial thread lifting with suture suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Joana de Pinho; Oliveira, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires; Torres, Rodolfo Prado; Bahmad, Fayez

    2017-05-09

    The increased interest in minimally-invasive treatments, such as the thread lifting, with lower risk of complications, minimum length of time away from work and effectiveness in correcting ptosis and aging characteristics has led many specialists to adopt this technique, but many doubts about its safety and effectiveness still limit its overall use. To analyze data published in the literature on the durability of results, their effectiveness, safety, and risk of serious adverse events associated with procedures using several types of threading sutures. Literature review using the key words "thread lift", "barbed suture", "suture suspension" and "APTOS". Due to the scarcity of literature, recent reports of facial lifting using threads were also selected, complemented with bibliographical references. The first outcomes of facial lifting with barbed sutures remain inconclusive. Adverse events may occur, although they are mostly minor, self-limiting, and short-lived. The data on the maximum effect of the correction, the durability of results, and the consequences of the long-term suture stay are yet to be clarified. Interest in thread lifting is currently high, but this review suggests that it should not yet be adopted as an alternative to rhytidectomy. Copyright © 2017 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  6. Suture With Resorbable Cones: Histology and Physico-Mechanical Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consiglio, Fabio; Pizzamiglio, Roberto; Parodi, Pier Camillo; De Biasio, Fabrizio; Machin, Pier Nicola; Di Loreto, Carla; Gamboa, Mabel

    2016-01-01

    Background Silhouette Sutures (Kolster Methods, Inc., Corona, CA) exhibit different biological characteristics at various time points after their placement. Objectives The goals of this study were to understand the biological reactions of Silhouette Sutures in human tissues at different time intervals and to determine the index of resistance of the sutures in subcutaneous tissue. Methods Histologic examination was performed on section soft tissue containing the sutures at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after suture placement. The study comprised 8 patients, each of whom received 4 sutures in the lower abdomen under local anesthesia. The sutures were placed exactly 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year before planned post-bariatric abdominal surgery. Dynamometric evaluation was performed on a never-used suture and on sutures removed from 1 year after placement. The scar process around the threads was also examined. Results A progressive increase in scar tissue around the sutures was observed. One year after placement, there was a reduction of 16.7% in yield and tensile strength and a reduction of 14.29% in elongation at break, relative to the never-used suture. By 1 year, the cones in polylactic and glycolic acids had been replaced by scar tissue. Conclusions Fibrous tissue around the sutures increased progressively over time, and was most prominent at the level of the nodes. Cones were completely resorbed within 6 months. A reduction in the index of resistance of the suspension sutures occurred over 1 year. PMID:26879301

  7. [Predictable tip suture techniques in rhinoplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papel, I D

    2010-09-01

    Recontouring the nasal tip in rhinoplastic procedures has generated a wide range of surgical techniques. These range from aggressive cartilage resection, division, grafting, or suture methods. Each of these categories contains many variations described in hundreds of publications. The goal of this communication is to describe a predictable, reproducible technique that can be used in a wide variety of rhinoplasty operations. Based on pre-existing anatomy variations of this technique can be adopted. The author described the basic technique in 2004 [1].The cornerstone of the technique is a predictable method of narrowing the interdomal space utilizing a suture technique. This procedure employs a pair of permanent sutures designed to minimize distortion, valve impingement and overcorrection. It can be performed through intranasal or external approaches. This paper will define the wide interdomal space, describe the technique, and demonstrate the efficacy of the technique in 250 rhinoplasty procedures. In addition, variations of the technique for specific goals will be shown.

  8. [Suture techniques and material in surgery of flexor tendons].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillukat, T; Fuhrmann, R; Windolf, J; van Schoonhoven, J

    2017-03-01

    Adhesions and scar formation between flexor tendons and the surrounding tissue are only contemporarily avoidable by movement of flexor tendons. Concepts with active follow-up protocols are more favorable than passive mobilization. The main risks of flexor tendon repair are rupture of the tendon suture, insidious gap formation and resistance to tendon gliding within the tendon sheath. Currently, there is no consensus with respect to the optimal suture technique or suture material. Nevertheless, there are some principles worth paying attention to, such as using stronger suture material, blocking stitches, suture techniques with four or more strands as well as circular running sutures. A technically acceptable compromise, even for the less experienced, is currently the four-strand suture combined with a circular running suture. It maintains sufficient stability for active motion follow-up protocols without resistance.

  9. Clinical and histological comparison of polyglycolic acid suture with black silk suture after minor oral surgical procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balamurugan, R; Mohamed, Masroor; Pandey, Vijayendra; Katikaneni, Hari Krishna Rao; Kumar, K R Ashok

    2012-07-01

    Any suture material, absorbable or nonabsorbable, elicits a kind of inflammatory reaction within the tissue. Nonabsorbable black silk suture and absorbable polyglycolic acid suture were compared clinically and histologically on various parameters. This study consisted of 50 patients requiring minor surgical procedure, who were referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Patients were selected randomly and sutures were placed in the oral cavity 7 days preoperatively. Polyglycolic acid was placed on one side and black silk suture material on the other. Seven days later, prior to surgical procedure the sutures will be assessed. After the surgical procedure the sutures will be placed postoperatively in the same way for 7 days, after which the sutures will be assessed clinically and histologically. The results of this study showed that all the sutures were retained in case of polyglycolic acid suture whereas four cases were not retained in case of black silk suture. As far as polyglycolic acid suture is concerned 25 cases were mild, 18 cases moderate and seven cases were severe. Black silk showed 20 mild cases, 21 moderate cases and six severe cases. The histological results showed that 33 cases showed mild, 14 cases moderate and three cases severe in case of polyglycolic acid suture. Whereas in case of black silk suture 41 cases were mild. Seven cases were moderate and two cases were severe. Black silk showed milder response than polyglycolic acid suture histologically. The polyglycolic acid suture was more superior because in all 50 patients the suture was retained. It had less tissue reaction, better handling characteristics and knotting capacity.

  10. A Biomechanical Analysis of the Interlock Suture and a Modified Kessler-Loop Lock Flexor Tendon Suture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenfeng Yang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In this work, we attempted to develop a modified single-knot Kessler-loop lock suture technique and compare the biomechanical properties associated with this single-knot suture technique with those associated with the conventional modified Kessler and interlock suture techniques. METHODS: In this experiment, a total of 18 porcine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were harvested and randomly divided into three groups. The tendons were transected and then repaired using three different techniques, including modified Kessler suture with peritendinous suture, interlock suture with peritendinous suture, and modified Kessler-loop lock suture with peritendinous suture. Times required for suturing were recorded and compared among groups. The groups were also compared with respect to 2-mm gap load, ultimate failure load, and gap at failure. RESULTS: For tendon repair, compared with the conventional modified Kessler suture technique, the interlock and modified Kessler-loop lock suture techniques resulted in significantly improved biomechanical properties. However, there were no significant differences between the interlock and modified Kessler-loop lock techniques with respect to biomechanical properties, gap at failure, and time required. CONCLUSIONS: The interlock and modified Kessler-loop lock techniques for flexor tendon sutures produce similar mechanical characteristics in vitro.

  11. Self-directed practice schedule enhances learning of suturing skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safir, Oleg; Williams, Camille K; Dubrowski, Adam; Backstein, David; Carnahan, Heather

    2013-12-01

    Most preoperative surgical training programs experience challenges with the availability of expert surgeons to teach trainees. Some research suggests that trainees may benefit from being allowed to actively shape their learning environments, which could alleviate some of the time and resource pressures in surgical training. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-directed or prescribed practice schedules (random or blocked) on learning suturing skills. Participants watched an instructional video for simple interrupted, vertical mattress and horizontal mattress suturing then completed a pretest to assess baseline skills. Participants were assigned to 1 of 4 practice groups: self-directed practice schedule, prescribed blocked practice schedule, prescribed random practice schedule or matched to the self-directed group (control). Practice of the skill was followed by a delayed (1 h) posttest. Improvement from pretest to posttest was determined based on differences in performance time and expert-based assessments. Analyses revealed a significant effect of group for difference in performance time of the simple interrupted suture. Random practice did not show the expected advantage for skill learning, but there was an advantage of self-directed practice. Self-directed practice schedules may be desirable for optimal learning of simple technical skills, even when expert instruction is available. Instructors must also take into account the interaction between task difficulty and conditions of practice to develop ideal training environments.

  12. Comparison of suture types in the closure of scalp wounds.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bonham, Joseph

    2011-06-01

    Innovation in practice can benefit patients and healthcare providers but must be evidence based. This article describes a quantitative study of whether absorbable sutures are as beneficial as non-absorbable sutures in the management of simple scalp lacerations in adults. The results suggest that absorbable sutures can provide the same cosmetic and functional results as non-absorbable sutures. Their use can also reduce patient returns and save money and resources.

  13. Intrastromal corneal suture for small incision cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chipont Benabent, E; Artola Roig, A; Martínez Toldos, J J

    1996-01-01

    Proper wound closure is important in preventing postoperative endophthalmitis. We developed an intrastromal corneal suture technique that uses some principles of the running, locked, intradermal suture for light-tension skin wounds. It achieves close approximation of the wound edges, reduces postoperative wound care and the risk of wound infection in clean surgical wounds, and obviates suture removal. It may also help prevent endophthalmitis and early against-the-rule astigmatism without the complications associated with external suture exposure.

  14. 21 CFR 878.5035 - Nonabsorbable expanded polytetrafluoroethylene surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... surgical suture. 878.5035 Section 878.5035 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Devices § 878.5035 Nonabsorbable expanded polytetrafluoroethylene surgical suture. (a) Identification. Nonabsorbable expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) surgical suture is a monofilament, nonabsorbable, sterile...

  15. 21 CFR 878.4930 - Suture retention device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suture retention device. 878.4930 Section 878.4930...) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4930 Suture retention device. (a) Identification. A suture retention device is a device, such as a retention bridge, a surgical...

  16. Simple suture and anchor in rabbit hips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Filho, Fernando Cal; Guarniero, Roberto; de Godoy Júnior, Rui Maciel; Pereira, César Augusto Martins; Matos, Marcos Almeida; Garcia, Lucas Cortizo

    2012-01-01

    Objective Using biomechanical studies, this research aims to compare hip capsulorrhaphy in rabbits, carried out with two different techniques: capsulorrhaphy with simple sutures and with anchors. Method Thirteen New Zealand Albino (Oryctolaguscuniculus) male rabbits, twenty-six hip joints, were used. First, a pilot project was performed with three rabbits (six hip joints). This experiment consisted of ten rabbits divided into two groups: group 1 underwent capsulorrhaphy on both right and left hips with simple suture using polyglycolic acid absorbable thread, and group 2 underwent capsulorrhaphy with titanium anchors. After a four-week postoperative period, the animals were euthanized and the hip joints were frozen. On the same day of the biomechanical studies, after the hip joints were previously unfrozen, the following parameters were evaluated: rigidity, maximum force, maximum deformity and energy. Results There was no relevant statistical difference in rigidity, maximum force, maximum deformity and energy between the simple suture and anchor groups. Conclusion Through biomechanical analyses, using parameters of rigidity, maximum force, maximum deformity and energy, it has been shown that capsulorrhaphy with simple suture and with anchors has similar results in rabbit hip joints. Level of Evidence II, Prospective Comparative Study. PMID:24453618

  17. Frontoorbital advancement in coronal suture craniosynostosis: a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The frontal bone was then removed as indicated. The most lateral aspect of the coronal suture was radically removed with rongeurs, including a part of the greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid bone. The frontal and temporal lobes of the brain were gently repositioned to allow for safe upper orbital osteotomies through ...

  18. Non-suture methods of vascular anastomosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeebregts, CJ; Heijmen, RH; van den Dungen, JJ; van Schilfgaarde, R

    Background: The main aim of performing a vascular anastomosis is to achieve maximal patency rates. An important factor to achieve that goal is to minimize damage to the vessel walls. Sutures inevitably induce vascular wall damage, which influences the healing of the anastomosis. Over time, several

  19. Suture needles in oral surgery: alterations depending on the type and number of sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Lagares, Daniel; Barranco-Piedra, Sebastian; Rodríguez-Caballero, Angela; Serrera-Figallo, María-Angeles; Segura-Egea, Juan-José; Gutiérrez-Pérez, José-Luis

    2012-01-01

    This study examined whether the number and type of sutures used in oral surgery influence two ad hoc variables (incision plane and displaced area), which are two variables related to whether the suture needle is suitable for the task. Seventy-five TB-15 needles were studied, which were used to suture between zero and three mucosa and/subperiosteal sutures, producing 15 groups with 5 needles in each one. The incision plane and displaced area were measured for each group, which are two variables related to how the needle has worn and altered. Statistical treatment was conducted using the Kruskal-Wallis H test to compare multiple values and the Mann-Whitney U test to compare pairs. A multi-stage regression model was applied with the aim of predicting the changes in the dependent variables based on the number and type of sutures performed. The incision plane ranged from 126.67 to 346.24 µm among the different groups. The displaced area was measured as being between 14 524.83 µm² and 128 311.91 µm². The best predictive model for the incision plane obtained a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.149, while it reached 0.249 for the displaced area. Subperiosteal sutures held more weighting among the variables studied. Mucosal sutures did not seem to greatly affect needle wear. Observations reported in this paper indicate that the needle should be changed after having performed two subperiosteal sutures, given the wear and change to the incision plane that is produced, which causes the needle's cutting ability to reduce.

  20. The Morphogenesis of Cranial Sutures in Zebrafish.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta M Topczewska

    Full Text Available Using morphological, histological, and TEM analyses of the cranium, we provide a detailed description of bone and suture growth in zebrafish. Based on expression patterns and localization, we identified osteoblasts at different degrees of maturation. Our data confirm that, unlike in humans, zebrafish cranial sutures maintain lifelong patency to sustain skull growth. The cranial vault develops in a coordinated manner resulting in a structure that protects the brain. The zebrafish cranial roof parallels that of higher vertebrates and contains five major bones: one pair of frontal bones, one pair of parietal bones, and the supraoccipital bone. Parietal and frontal bones are formed by intramembranous ossification within a layer of mesenchyme positioned between the dermal mesenchyme and meninges surrounding the brain. The supraoccipital bone has an endochondral origin. Cranial bones are separated by connective tissue with a distinctive architecture of osteogenic cells and collagen fibrils. Here we show RNA in situ hybridization for col1a1a, col2a1a, col10a1, bglap/osteocalcin, fgfr1a, fgfr1b, fgfr2, fgfr3, foxq1, twist2, twist3, runx2a, runx2b, sp7/osterix, and spp1/ osteopontin, indicating that the expression of genes involved in suture development in mammals is preserved in zebrafish. We also present methods for examining the cranium and its sutures, which permit the study of the mechanisms involved in suture patency as well as their pathological obliteration. The model we develop has implications for the study of human disorders, including craniosynostosis, which affects 1 in 2,500 live births.

  1. A Comparison of Barbed Sutures and Standard Sutures with regard to Wound Cosmesis in Panniculectomy and Reduction Mammoplasty Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen Aliano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmesis is a vital concern for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery. Many variations in wound closure are employed when attempting to minimize a surgical scar’s appearance. Barbed sutures are one potential method of achieving improved wound cosmesis and are more common in recent years. To determine if barbed sutures differ from nonbarbed in wound cosmesis, we conducted a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 18 patients undergoing bilateral reduction mammoplasty or panniculectomy. Patients were their own controls, receiving barbed sutures on one side and standard sutures on the contralateral side. Surgical scars were evaluated postoperatively by patient preference self-assessment and an observer. Ten patients were evaluated at 3 months postoperatively, yielding a mean Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale (SBSES rating of 4.4 for barbed suture and 3.5 for regular suture (p=0.15. At 6 months, 8 patients performed self-assessment to determine their preference; 4 preferred the barbed sutures, 1 preferred the regular sutures, and 3 had no preference. Further research with larger sample sizes is needed to determine if barbed sutures convey any advantage over standard sutures in wound healing. However, our results suggest that barbed sutures are a reasonable alternative to standard sutures particularly with regard to wound cosmesis.

  2. The suture pullout characteristics of human and porcine linea alba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooney, Gerard M; Lake, Spencer P; Thompson, Dominic M; Castile, Ryan M; Winter, Des C; Simms, Ciaran K

    2017-04-01

    There is a substantial prevalence of post-operative incisional hernia for both laparoscopic and laparotomy procedures, but there have been few attempts at quantifying abdominal wound closure methodology in the literature. One method to ascertain a more robust method of wound closure is the identification of the influence of suture placement parameters on suture pullout force. Current surgical practice involves a recommended bite depth and bite separation of 10mm, but the evidence base for this is not clear. In this paper, the suture pullout characteristics of both porcine and human linea alba were investigated to ascertain a suture placement protocol for surgical wound closure. Uniaxial suture pullout force testing on fresh frozen porcine and human linea alba samples was performed using standard materials testing machines. The influence of the number of suture loops, the bite depth and the bite separation of the sutures and the orientation of the sutures with respect to the principal fibre direction in the linea alba were assessed. Results showed a clearly identifiable relationship between pullout force of the suture, bite separation and bite depth, with low suture separation and high suture depth as optimal parameters for increasing pullout force. Resistance to pullout could be improved by as much as 290% when optimizing test conditions. Both human and porcine tissue were observed to exhibit very similar pullout force characteristics, corroborating the use of a porcine model for investigations into wound closure methodology. Orientation of suture application was also found to significantly affect the magnitude of suture pullout, with suturing applied longitudinally across a transverse defect resulting in higher pullout forces for small suture bite separations. Although further assessment in an environment more representative of in vivo conditions is required, these findings indicate that increasing the bite depth and reducing the bite separation with respect to

  3. Comparison of an all-inside suture technique with traditional pull-out suture and suture anchor repair techniques for flexor digitorum profundus attachment to bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Jennifer Y; Chen, Tony; Awad, Hani A; Elfar, John; Hammert, Warren C

    2013-06-01

    One goal in repairing zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) injuries is to create a tendon-bone construct strong enough to allow early rehabilitation while minimizing morbidity. This study compares an all-inside suture repair technique biomechanically with pull-out suture and double-suture anchor repairs. Repairs were performed on 30 cadaver fingers. In all-inside suture repairs (n = 8), the FDP tendon was attached to bone with two 3-0 Ethibond sutures and tied over the dorsal aspect of distal phalanx. Pull-out suture repairs (n = 8) were performed with 2-0 Prolene suture and tied over a dorsal button. There were 2 suture anchor repair groups: Arthrex Micro Corkscrew anchors preloaded with 2-0 FiberWire suture (n = 7) and Depuy Micro Mitek anchors preloaded with 3-0 Orthocord suture (n = 7). Repair constructs were tested using a servohydraulic materials testing system and loaded until the repair lost 75% of its strength. There were no statistically significant differences in tensile stiffness, ultimate load, or work to failure between the repairs. Failure mode was suture stretch and gap formation greater than 2 mm at the repair site for all pull-out suture repairs and for 7 of 8 all-inside suture repairs. Two of the Arthrex Micro Corkscrew repairs and 5 of the Depuy Micro Mitek repairs failed by anchor pull-out. This cadaveric biomechanical study showed no difference in tensile stiffness, ultimate load, and work to failures between an all-inside suture repair technique for zone 1 FDP repairs and previously described pull-out suture and suture anchor repair techniques. The all-inside suture technique also has the advantages of avoiding an external button and the cost of anchors. Therefore, it should be considered as an alternative to other techniques. This study introduces a new FDP reattachment technique that avoids some of the shortcomings of current techniques. Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights

  4. Current manufacturing processes of drug-eluting sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champeau, Mathilde; Thomassin, Jean-Michel; Tassaing, Thierry; Jérôme, Christine

    2017-11-01

    Drug-eluting sutures represent the next generation of surgical sutures since they fulfill their mechanical functions but also deliver the drug in their vicinity after implantation. These implants are produced by a variety of manufacturing processes. Drug-eluting sutures represent the next generation of surgical sutures since they fulfill their mechanical functions but also deliver the drug in their vicinity after implantation. These implants are produced by a variety of manufacturing processes. Two general approaches can be followed: (i) the ones that add the API into the material during the manufacturing process of the suture and (ii) the ones that load the API to an already manufactured suture. Areas covered: This review provides an overview of the current manufacturing processes for drug-eluting suture production and discusses their benefits and drawbacks depending on the type of drugs. The mechanical properties and the drug delivery profile of drug-eluting sutures are highlighted since these implants must fulfill both criteria. Expert opinion: For limited drug contents, melt extrusion and electrospinning are the emerging processes since the drug is added during the suture manufacture process. Advantageously, the drug release profile can be tuned by controlling the processing parameters specific to each process and the composition of the drug-containing polymer. If high drug content is targeted, the coating or grafting of a drug layer on a pre-manufactured suture allows for preservation of the tensile strength requirements of the suture.

  5. Horizontal running mattress suture modified with intermittent simple loops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chacon, Anna H; Shiman, Michael I; Strozier, Narissa; Zaiac, Martin N

    2013-01-01

    Using the combination of a horizontal running mattress suture with intermittent loops achieves both good eversion with the horizontal running mattress plus the ease of removal of the simple loops. This combination technique also avoids the characteristic railroad track marks that result from prolonged non-absorbable suture retention. The unique feature of our technique is the incorporation of one simple running suture after every two runs of the horizontal running mattress suture. To demonstrate its utility, we used the suturing technique on several patients and analyzed the cosmetic outcome with post-operative photographs in comparison to other suturing techniques. In summary, the combination of running horizontal mattress suture with simple intermittent loops demonstrates functional and cosmetic benefits that can be readily taught, comprehended, and employed, leading to desirable aesthetic results and wound edge eversion.

  6. Fiber from ramie plant (Boehmeria nivea): A novel suture biomaterial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kandimalla, Raghuram; Kalita, Sanjeeb; Choudhury, Bhaswati [Drug discovery laboratory, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati, Assam 781035 (India); Devi, Dipali [Seri biotech laboratory, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati, Assam 781035 (India); Kalita, Dhaneswar [Government Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Jalukbari, Guwahati, Assam 781014 (India); Kalita, Kasturi [Department of Pathology, Hayat Hospital, Guwahati, Assam 781034 (India); Dash, Suvakanta [Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of pharmaceutical science, Azara, Guwahati, Assam 781017 (India); Kotoky, Jibon, E-mail: jkotoky@gmail.com [Drug discovery laboratory, Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati, Assam 781035 (India)

    2016-05-01

    The quest for developing an ideal suture material prompted our interest to develop a novel suture with advantageous characters to market available ones. From natural origin only silk, cotton and linen fibers are presently available in market as non-absorbable suture biomaterials. In this study, we have developed a novel, cost-effective, and biocompatible suture biomaterial from ramie plant, Boehmeria nivea fiber. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) results revealed the physicochemical properties of raw and degummed ramie fiber, where the former one showed desirable characteristics for suture preparation. The braided multifilament ramie suture prepared from degummed fiber exhibited excellent tensile strength. The suture found to be biocompatible towards human erythrocytes and nontoxic to mammalian cells. The fabricated ramie suture exhibited significant antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus; which can be attributed to the inherent bacteriostatic ability of ramie plant fiber. In vivo wound closure efficacy was evaluated in adult male wister rats by suturing the superficial wound incisions. Within seven days of surgery the wound got completely healed leaving no rash and scar. The role of the ramie suture in complete wound healing was supported by the reduced levels of serum inflammatory mediators. Histopathology studies confirmed the wound healing ability of ramie suture, as rapid synthesis of collagen, connective tissue and other skin adnexal structures were observed within seven days of surgery. Tensile properties, biocompatibility and wound closure efficacy of the ramie suture were comparable with market available BMSF suture. The outcome of this study can drive tremendous possibility for the utilization of ramie plant fiber for

  7. Optimal suture materials for contaminated gastrointestinal surgery: does infection influence the decrease of the tensile strength of sutures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Yoichi; Sadahiro, Sotaro; Ishikawa, Kenji; Suzuki, Toshiyuki; Kamijo, Akemi; Tazume, Seiki; Yasuda, Masanori

    2012-12-01

    Suture materials are selected based on the following factors: absorbable/non-absorbable, monofilament/multifilament, duration with sufficiently high tensile strength, and the tissue to be sutured. Absorbable sutures are hydrolyzed in tissues. However, little is known about the influence of infection on the hydrolysis and decrease in the tensile strength. Four kinds of sutures, i.e., non-absorbable multifilament silk, non-absorbable monofilament polypropylene (Prolene(®)), absorbable multifilament polyglactin 910 (Vicryl(®)), and absorbable monofilament polydioxanone (PDS(®)) were implanted in the back of rats. A suspension of Escherichia coli + Bacteroides fragilis or saline was injected subcutaneously into the contaminated and clean condition groups, respectively. The sutures were removed 1, 2, 4 or 8 weeks after the implantation. There was significantly more severe inflammation macroscopically for the silk sutures under the contaminated conditions (p = 0.03), however, no significant differences were observed among the other three sutures. All 4 kinds of sutures showed a reduction of the tensile strength over time. There were no significant differences in the magnitude of reduction between both the clean and contaminated conditions for any of the sutures. The reduction of the tensile strength with time did not differ significantly between sutures exposed to contaminated and clean conditions, even for the absorbable sutures.

  8. Sutura arterial com técnicas contínua e de pontos separados, utilizando-se os fios polipropilene e polidioxanone: estudo experimental em coelhos Arterial suture with continuous and interrupted techniques, using polypropylene and polydioxanone threads: experimental study in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Leonardo Kerdahi Leite de Campos

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Observar o comportamento da sutura arterial em aortas abdominais de coelhos em crescimento, comparando-se as técnicas contínua e com pontos separados, empregando-se dois tipos de fios: Polipropilene 7-0 (inabsorvível e Polidioxanone 7-0 (absorvível. MÉTODOS: Grupos: GI - Controle (sem sutura; GII - Polipropilene, Pontos Separados; GIII - Polipropilene, Contínua; GIV - Polidioxanone, Pontos Separados e GV - Polidioxanone, Contínua. Cada grupo foi subdividido em quatro Momentos de Eutanásia: aos 7, 14, 30 e 60 dias de pós-operatório. Foram avaliados: peso dos animais, diâmetros e pulsos arteriais, estenose, trombose, aderências, aortografia, visibilidade do fio, cicatrização e microscopia. RESULTADOS: a após 60 dias, o local da linha de sutura cresceu de forma significativa em todos os grupos; b a técnica de sutura com pontos separados causou menor estenose da linha de sutura, observada tanto no ato cirúrgico, como na eutanásia dos animais; c no exame histopatológico, as diferenças encontradas entre grupos foram transitórias, não persistindo após 60 dias de pós-operatório. CONCLUSÃO: O polidioxanone mostrou ser a melhor opção, entre os dois fios, para sutura de artérias em crescimento, pois causa pouca ou nenhuma restrição ao crescimento arterial na linha de sutura, mesmo quando se emprega a técnica contínua.PURPOSE: To assess the arterial suture, comparing continuous and interrupted techniques, in abdominal aorta of growing rabbbits, using two types of suture material: Polypropylene 7-0 (nonabsorbable and Polydioxanone 7-0 (absorbable. METHODS: Groups: GI - Control, without arterial suture; GII - Polypropylene, Interrupted technique; GIII - Polipropilene, Continuous technique; GIV - Polydioxanone, Interrupted technique and GV - Polydioxanone, Continuous technique. Each group was subdivided in four Moments of Euthanasia , according with the number of days after surgery: 7 , 14 , 30 and 60 days. The

  9. Suture locking of isolated internal locking knotless suture anchors is not affected by bone quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woodmass JM

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Jarret M Woodmass,1 Graeme Matthewson,1 Yohei Ono,1,2 Aaron J Bois,1 Richard S Boorman,1 Ian KY Lo,1 Gail M Thornton1,31Department of Surgery, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan; 3Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical performance of different suture locking mechanisms including: i interference fit between the anchor and the bone (eg, 4.5 mm PushLock, 5.5 mm SwiveLock, ii internal locking mechanism within the anchor itself (eg, 5.5 mm SpeedScrew, or iii a combination of interference fit and internal locking (eg, 4.5 mm MultiFIX P, 5.5 mm MultiFIX S. Methods: Anchors were tested in foam blocks representing normal (20/8 foam or osteopenic (8/8 foam bone, using standard suture loops pulled in-line with the anchor to isolate suture locking. Mechanical testing included cyclic testing for 500 cycles from 10 N to 60 N at 60 mm/min, followed by failure testing at 60 mm/min. Displacement after 500 cycles at 60 N, number of cycles at 3 mm displacement, load at 3 mm displacement, and maximum load were evaluated. Results: Comparing 8/8 foam to 20/8 foam, load at 3 mm displacement and maximum load were significantly decreased (P<0.05 with decreased bone quality for anchors that, even in part, relied on an interference fit suture locking mechanism (ie, 4.5 mm PushLock, 5.5 mm SwiveLock, 4.5 mm MultiFIX P, 5.5 mm MultiFIX S. Bone quality did not affect the mechanical performance of 5.5 mm SpeedScrew anchors which have an isolated internal locking mechanism. Conclusion: The mechanical performance of anchors that relied, even in part, on interference fit were affected by bone quality. Isolated internal locking knotless suture anchors functioned independently of bone quality

  10. Skin tension related to tension reduction sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Kun; Kim, Han Joon; Kim, Kyung Yong; Han, Seung Ho; Hwang, Se Jin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the skin tension of several fascial/subcutaneous tensile reduction sutures. Six upper limbs and 8 lower limbs of 4 fresh cadavers were used. At the deltoid area (10 cm below the palpable acromion) and lateral thigh (midpoint from the palpable greater trochanter to the lateral border of the patella), and within a 3 × 6-cm fusiform area of skin, subcutaneous tissue defects were created. At the midpoint of the defect, a no. 5 silk suture was passed through the dermis at a 5-mm margin of the defect, and the defect was approximated. The initial tension to approximate the margins was measured using a tensiometer.The tension needed to approximate skin without any tension reduction suture (S) was 6.5 ± 4.6 N (Newton). The tensions needed to approximate superficial fascia (SF) and deep fascia (DF) were 7.8 ± 3.4 N and 10.3 ± 5.1 N, respectively. The tension needed to approximate the skin after approximating the SF was 4.1 ± 3.4 N. The tension needed to approximate the skin after approximating the DF was 4.9 ± 4.0 N. The tension reduction effect of approximating the SF was 38.8 ± 16.4% (2.4 ± 1.5 N, P = 0.000 [ANOVA, Scheffé]). The tension reduction effect of approximating the DF was 25.2% ± 21.9% (1.5 ± 1.4 N, P = 0.001 [ANOVA, Scheffé]). The reason for this is thought to be that the SF is located closely to the skin unlike the DF. The results of this study might be a basis for tension reduction sutures.

  11. Achondroplasia and multiple-suture craniosynostosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albino, Frank P; Wood, Benjamin C; Oluigbo, Chima O; Lee, Angela C; Oh, Albert K; Rogers, Gary F

    2015-01-01

    Genetic mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene may lead to achondroplasia or syndromic forms of craniosynostosis. Despite sharing a common genetic basis, craniosynostosis has rarely been described in cases of confirmed achondroplasia. We report an infant with achondroplasia who developed progressive multiple-suture craniosynostosis to discuss the genetic link between these clinical entities and to describe the technical challenges associated with the operative management.

  12. Knotless Suture Anchor With Suture Tape Quadriceps Tendon Repair Is Biomechanically Superior to Transosseous and Traditional Suture Anchor-Based Repairs in a Cadaveric Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindya, Michael C; Konicek, John; Rizzi, Angelo; Komatsu, David E; Paci, James M

    2017-01-01

    To compare the biomechanical properties of a knotless suture anchor with suture tape quadriceps tendon repair technique with transosseous and suture anchor repair techniques. Twenty matched pairs of cadaveric knees underwent a quadriceps tendon avulsion followed by repair via the use of transosseous tunnels with #2 high-strength sutures, 5.5-mm biocomposite fully threaded suture anchors with #2 high-strength sutures, or 4.75-mm biocomposite knotless suture anchors with suture tape. Ten knees were repaired via transosseous repair and 10 via fully threaded suture anchor repair, and their matched specimens were repaired with suture tape and knotless anchors. Biomechanical analysis included displacement during cyclic loading over 250 cycles, construct stiffness, ultimate load to failure, and failure mode analysis. Compared with transosseous repairs, quadriceps tendons repaired with knotless suture tape demonstrated significantly less displacement during cyclic loading (cycles 1-20 3.6 ± 1.3 vs 6.3 ± 1.9 mm, P = .003; cycles 20-250 2.0 ± 0.4 vs 3.1 ± 0.9 mm, P = .011), improved construct stiffness (67 ± 25 vs 26 ± 12 N/mm, P = .001), and greater ultimate load to failure (616 ± 149 vs 413 ± 107 N, P = .004). Our repair technique also demonstrated improved biomechanical parameters compared with fully threaded suture anchor repair in initial displacement during cyclic loading (cycles 1-20 3.0 ± 0.8 vs 5.1 ± 0.9 mm, P suture anchor with suture tape repair technique is biomechanically superior in cyclic displacement, construct stiffness, and ultimate load to failure compared with transosseous and fully threaded suture anchor techniques in cadaveric specimens. The demonstration that our repair technique is biomechanically superior to previously described techniques in a cadaveric setting suggests that consideration should be given to this technique. Copyright © 2016 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. [Suture tip plasty using an endonasal approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasman, A-J; Palma, P

    2010-09-01

    Over the last two decades, the use of the external approach for primary and secondary rhinoplasties has become increasingly popular. This article illustrates the versatility of endonasal techniques for the correction of nasal tip deformities on the basis of four cases. The approach to the nasal tip and the chosen technique as used in 100 consecutive rhinoplasties were reviewed. For primary and revision tip plasty, endonasal approaches were used in 81% of cases. Preferred incisions were the infracartilaginous approach and the transfixion incision. Using these approaches, correction of the tip was achieved by using sutures to reposition and reshape the alar cartilages and the columella without grafts to the nasal tip in most cases. Nasal tip plasty via endonasal approaches using sutures is technically more challenging compared to the external approach with its superior exposure. This drawback is outweighed by less operating time and faster patient recovery. Contrary to the general trend, the authors believe that endonasal tip plasty techniques using sutures can obviate the external approach and grafts in many cases and should form an integral part of the rhino-surgeon's repertoire.

  14. Regular Versus Releasable Sutures in Surgery for Primary Congenital Glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayoumi, Nader H

    2017-09-01

    To compare releasable and regular sutures in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. A prospective study was conducted on 39 eyes (26 right eyes) of 39 children (20 boys; 19 girls) who had primary congenital glaucoma treated with combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with mitomycin C and scleral flap closure with regular or releasable sutures. Follow-up was 24 months. Success rates (defined as an intraocular pressure [IOP] suture group (20 eyes) and 5.3 ± 2.8 months (range: 1 to 13 months; median: 5 months) in the releasable suture group (19 eyes). The initial glaucoma surgery was successful in 13 (65%) and 13 (68.4%) eyes in the regular suture and releasable suture groups, respectively. The mean IOP was 17.4 ± 7.3 and 16.0 ± 5.4 mm Hg (P = .84) preoperatively and 8.0 ± 9.7 and 5.8 ± 3.6 mm Hg (P = .40) at the end of follow-up in the regular suture and releasable suture groups, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the clinical parameters between the two groups. Complications included rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, cataract, and superior lens subluxation, with each complication developing in one eye. Releasable sutures were not more advantageous than regular sutures in combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with mitomycin C surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54(5):295-301.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  15. Insertion force in manual and robotic corneal suturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Xu, Cunliang; Deng, Shijing; Xiao, Jingjing

    2012-03-01

    Due to differences in corneal grafting microsurgery between manual and robotic suturing, new challenges have arisen in testing the insertion force and torque of corneal tissue acting on suturing needles in order to guarantee successful completion of surgical procedures. In order to measure the force during the insertion operation, from the needle entering the cornea through the entry point until the puncturing of the exit point along the circular trajectory, a force measurement system was established, including fresh porcine cornea, a corneal-suturing robot, a circular needle, a micro-forceps manipulator with a force transducer, a computer with a data acquisition board and a medical microscope. The force values in the needle coordinate frames were obtained on the basis of a sensor coordinate frame through D-H coordinate transformation, and an index is proposed here to evaluate the insertion performance. Experiments on both manual and robotic suturing were carried out for comparison. The scale and changes of the needle insertion force were obtained using two different suturing methods. The maximal tangent force in robotic suturing is a little larger than in manual suturing, and the maximal resultant force in robotic suturing is somewhat smaller. Although the difference is not very significant, robotic suturing performs in a more stable way. Moreover, the performance evaluation index M(dmax) (the maximum of square root of the quadratic sum of torque components M(OX) and M(OY)) in robotic suturing is much smaller than that in manual suturing. The force measurement system has been verified to be feasible through experimentation. Compared with conventional manual surgery, robotic suturing has some advantages: more stable suturing, smaller distortion torque and fewer invasions to the corneal tissue, showing that its application in minimally invasive surgery is practical. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. Suture With Resorbable Cones: Histology and Physico-Mechanical Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consiglio, Fabio; Pizzamiglio, Roberto; Parodi, Pier Camillo; De Biasio, Fabrizio; Machin, Pier Nicola; Di Loreto, Carla; Gamboa, Mabel

    2016-03-01

    Silhouette Sutures (Kolster Methods, Inc., Corona, CA) exhibit different biological characteristics at various time points after their placement. The goals of this study were to understand the biological reactions of Silhouette Sutures in human tissues at different time intervals and to determine the index of resistance of the sutures in subcutaneous tissue. Histologic examination was performed on section soft tissue containing the sutures at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after suture placement. The study comprised 8 patients, each of whom received 4 sutures in the lower abdomen under local anesthesia. The sutures were placed exactly 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year before planned post-bariatric abdominal surgery. Dynamometric evaluation was performed on a never-used suture and on sutures removed from 1 year after placement. The scar process around the threads was also examined. A progressive increase in scar tissue around the sutures was observed. One year after placement, there was a reduction of 16.7% in yield and tensile strength and a reduction of 14.29% in elongation at break, relative to the never-used suture. By 1 year, the cones in polylactic and glycolic acids had been replaced by scar tissue. Fibrous tissue around the sutures increased progressively over time, and was most prominent at the level of the nodes. Cones were completely resorbed within 6 months. A reduction in the index of resistance of the suspension sutures occurred over 1 year. © 2016 The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc. Reprints and permission: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  17. Fiber from ramie plant (Boehmeria nivea): A novel suture biomaterial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandimalla, Raghuram; Kalita, Sanjeeb; Choudhury, Bhaswati; Devi, Dipali; Kalita, Dhaneswar; Kalita, Kasturi; Dash, Suvakanta; Kotoky, Jibon

    2016-05-01

    The quest for developing an ideal suture material prompted our interest to develop a novel suture with advantageous characters to market available ones. From natural origin only silk, cotton and linen fibers are presently available in market as non-absorbable suture biomaterials. In this study, we have developed a novel, cost-effective, and biocompatible suture biomaterial from ramie plant, Boehmeria nivea fiber. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) results revealed the physicochemical properties of raw and degummed ramie fiber, where the former one showed desirable characteristics for suture preparation. The braided multifilament ramie suture prepared from degummed fiber exhibited excellent tensile strength. The suture found to be biocompatible towards human erythrocytes and nontoxic to mammalian cells. The fabricated ramie suture exhibited significant antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus; which can be attributed to the inherent bacteriostatic ability of ramie plant fiber. In vivo wound closure efficacy was evaluated in adult male wister rats by suturing the superficial wound incisions. Within seven days of surgery the wound got completely healed leaving no rash and scar. The role of the ramie suture in complete wound healing was supported by the reduced levels of serum inflammatory mediators. Histopathology studies confirmed the wound healing ability of ramie suture, as rapid synthesis of collagen, connective tissue and other skin adnexal structures were observed within seven days of surgery. Tensile properties, biocompatibility and wound closure efficacy of the ramie suture were comparable with market available BMSF suture. The outcome of this study can drive tremendous possibility for the utilization of ramie plant fiber for

  18. Knotless anchors with sutures external to the anchor body may be at risk for suture cutting through osteopenic bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ono, Y; Woodmass, J M; Nelson, A A; Boorman, R S; Thornton, G M; Lo, I K Y

    2016-06-01

    This study evaluated the mechanical performance, under low-load cyclic loading, of two different knotless suture anchor designs: sutures completely internal to the anchor body (SpeedScrew) and sutures external to the anchor body and adjacent to bone (MultiFIX P). Using standard suture loops pulled in-line with the rotator cuff (approximately 60°), anchors were tested in cadaveric bone and foam blocks representing normal to osteopenic bone. Mechanical testing included preloading to 10 N and cyclic loading for 500 cycles from 10 N to 60 N at 60 mm/min. The parameters evaluated were initial displacement, cyclic displacement and number of cycles and load at 3 mm displacement relative to preload. Video recording throughout testing documented the predominant source of suture displacement and the distance of 'suture cutting through bone'. In cadaveric bone and foam blocks, MultiFIX P anchors had significantly greater initial displacement, and lower number of cycles and lower load at 3 mm displacement than SpeedScrew anchors. Video analysis revealed 'suture cutting through bone' as the predominant source of suture displacement in cadaveric bone (qualitative) and greater 'suture cutting through bone' comparing MultiFIX P with SpeedScrew anchors in foam blocks (quantitative). The greater suture displacement in MultiFIX P anchors was predominantly from suture cutting through bone, which was enhanced in an osteopenic bone model. Anchors with sutures external to the anchor body are at risk for suture cutting through bone since the suture eyelet is at the distal tip of the implant and the suture directly abrades against the bone edge during cyclic loading. Suture cutting through bone may be a significant source of fixation failure, particularly in osteopenic bone.Cite this article: Y. Ono, J. M. Woodmass, A. A. Nelson, R. S. Boorman, G. M. Thornton, I. K. Y. Lo. Knotless anchors with sutures external to the anchor body may be at risk for suture cutting through osteopenic bone

  19. Effect of the number of suture throws on the biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Chih-Kai; Lin, Cheng-Li; Chang, Chih-Hsun; Jou, I-Ming; Su, Wei-Ren

    2014-12-01

    We aimed to investigate the effect of the number of suture throws on biomechanical characteristics of the suture-tendon construct for 3 currently used suture configurations in this ex vivo biomechanical study. Three stitch configurations-the Krackow stitch, the locking SpeedWhip (LSW) stitch, and the modified finger trap (MFT) suture-were assessed with 3, 5, and 7 throws using porcine flexor profundus tendons randomly divided into 9 groups of 11 specimens. The Krackow stitch and MFT suture were completed with nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures, whereas the LSW stitch was completed with loops of nonabsorbable No. 2 braided sutures. Each tendon was pretensioned to 100 N for 3 cycles and then cyclically loaded to 200 N for 200 cycles. Finally, each tendon was loaded to failure. Percent elongation, load to failure, and mode of failure for each suture-tendon construct were measured. After being pretensioned, there were no significant differences in the elongation between different suture throws in the LSW and MFT suture groups (P = .38 and P = .34, respectively). The elongation of the Krackow 7-throw suture group was significantly greater than that of the 5-throw (P = .01) and 3-throw groups (P = .03). After cyclic loading, there was no significant difference in the elongation of each suture technique with respect to different suture throws. The elongation after 200 loading cycles of the MFT sutures was significantly less than that of the Krackow and LSW sutures for all throws. The load to failure and cross-sectional area (43.1 ± 4.6 mm(2); P = .398) were not significantly different across all groups. This ex vivo biomechanical study showed that there are no significant differences in elongation after cyclic loading and load to failure among the various suture throws for the 3 types of sutures investigated. CLINICAL  The 3-suture throw configuration may provide sufficient fixation of the tendon graft regarding biomechanical characteristics of elongation

  20. Diagonal tarsal suture technique sine marginal sutures for closure of full-thickness eyelid defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willey, Andrea; Caesar, Richard H

    2013-01-01

    Precise apposition of the tarsal plates and meticulous alignment of the eyelid margins are essential to ensure a seamless repair and avoid notching of the eyelid margin. The authors present a simple and reliable technique that firmly apposes and precisely aligns the eyelid margin in the x, y, and z axes, obviating the need for marginal sutures. A retrospective audit of electronic medical records was performed for all patients who underwent reconstructive procedures that included the repair of a full-thickness defect in the eyelid margin using the diagonal suture technique from 2003 to 2012. Of the 652 surgeries performed in the past 9 years, 9 incidences of notching occurred, all of which were associated with infections. The diagonal tarsal suture technique is a simple and effective method for the repair of full-thickness defects with a high degree of patient satisfaction.

  1. Ex vivo biomechanical comparison of barbed suture and standard polypropylene suture for acute tendon laceration in a canine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, D J; Main, R P; Moore, G E; Breur, G J; Millard, R P

    2015-01-01

    Evaluate performance and resistance to gap formation of a non-absorbable, barbed, monofilament suture, in comparison with a non-absorbable, smooth, monofilament polypropylene suture, in two different suture patterns: three-loop pulley (3LP) and modified Bunnell-Mayer (BM). Seventy-two medium-sized cadaveric superficial digital flexor muscle tendon units. After manual transection and suture repair, individual specimens were placed in an electromechanical tensile testing machine and tested to monotonic failure using tensile ramp loading. Video data acquisition allowed evaluation of failure mode and quantification of gap formation. Incidence of gap formation between tendon ends was significantly greater in tenorrhaphies repaired with barbed suture compared to those repaired with smooth polypropylene. Use of a 3LP suture pattern caused significantly less gapping between tendon ends when compared to the BM pattern. Smooth polypropylene suture was consistently superior in load performance than a unidirectional barbed suture. The 3LP pattern was more resistant than a BM pattern at preventing gap formation. Smooth polypropylene should be recommended over barbed unidirectional suture for use in canine tendinous repair to provide increased resistance to gap formation. The 3LP is superior to the BM suture pattern, requiring significantly more force to cause tenorrhaphy gap formation and failure, which may translate to increased accrual of repair site strength and tendinous healing in clinical situations.

  2. Comparison of a new multifilament stainless steel suture with frequently used sutures for flexor tendon repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Erik; Gordon, Joshua A; Buckley, Jenni M; Gordon, Leonard

    2011-06-01

    To investigate the mechanical properties of some common suture materials currently in use and compare them with a new multifilament stainless steel suture. We investigated the mechanical properties of 3-0 and 4-0 Fiberwire, 3-0 Supramid, 3-0 Ethibond, and a new 3-0 and 4-0 multifilament stainless steel suture. All suture material was tested in a knotted configuration and all but the Supramid was tested in an unknotted configuration. We measured the load, elongation at failure, and stiffness during both tests. The 4-0 multifilament stainless steel showed the least elongation, whereas the 3-0 multifilament stainless steel withstood the highest load of any material in both the knotted and unknotted tests. There was no difference in stiffness between the 3-0 and 4-0 multifilament stainless steel when untied; however, the 3-0 multifilament stainless steel was stiffer when tied. Soaking in a saline solution had no significant effect on the ultimate load, elongation at failure, or stiffness of any of the sutures. The 3-0 Fiberwire and 3-0 Ethibond required at least 5 throws to resist untying. Multifilament stainless steel exhibited promising mechanical advantages over the other sutures tested. More research is needed to determine how this material will affect the clinical outcomes of primary flexor tendon repair. With a secure attachment to the tendon, the multifilament stainless steel's lower elongation and better knot-holding ability may result in a higher force to produce a 2-mm gap and a higher ultimate tensile strength in a tendon repair. Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. BMP9 induces osteogenesis and adipogenesis in the immortalized human cranial suture progenitors from the patent sutures of craniosynostosis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Dongzhe; Zhang, Fugui; Reid, Russell R; Ye, Jixing; Wei, Qiang; Liao, Junyi; Zou, Yulong; Fan, Jiaming; Ma, Chao; Hu, Xue; Qu, Xiangyang; Chen, Liqun; Li, Li; Yu, Yichun; Yu, Xinyi; Zhang, Zhicai; Zhao, Chen; Zeng, Zongyue; Zhang, Ruyi; Yan, Shujuan; Wu, Tingting; Wu, Xingye; Shu, Yi; Lei, Jiayan; Li, Yasha; Zhang, Wenwen; Wang, Jia; Lee, Michael J; Wolf, Jennifer Moriatis; Huang, Dingming; He, Tong-Chuan

    2017-11-01

    The cranial suture complex is a heterogeneous tissue consisting of osteogenic progenitor cells and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow and suture mesenchyme. The fusion of cranial sutures is a highly coordinated and tightly regulated process during development. Craniosynostosis is a congenital malformation caused by premature fusion of cranial sutures. While the progenitor cells derived from the cranial suture complex should prove valuable for studying the molecular mechanisms underlying suture development and pathogenic premature suture fusion, primary human cranial suture progenitors (SuPs) have limited life span and gradually lose osteoblastic ability over passages. To overcome technical challenges in maintaining sufficient and long-term culture of SuPs for suture biology studies, we establish and characterize the reversibly immortalized human cranial suture progenitors (iSuPs). Using a reversible immortalization system expressing SV40 T flanked with FRT sites, we demonstrate that primary human suture progenitor cells derived from the patent sutures of craniosynostosis patients can be efficiently immortalized. The iSuPs maintain long-term proliferative activity, express most of the consensus MSC markers and can differentiate into osteogenic and adipogenic lineages upon BMP9 stimulation in vitro and in vivo. The removal of SV40 T antigen by FLP recombinase results in a decrease in cell proliferation and an increase in the endogenous osteogenic and adipogenic capability in the iSuPs. Therefore, the iSuPs should be a valuable resource to study suture development, intramembranous ossification and the pathogenesis of craniosynostosis, as well as to explore cranial bone tissue engineering. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.

  4. A technique for introducing looped sutures in flexor tendon repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamath B

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Stronger flexor tendon repairs facilitate early active motion therapy protocols. Core sutures using looped suture material provide 1 ½ to twice the strength of Kessler′s technique (with four strand and six strand Tsuge technique respectively. The technique is well-described and uses preformed looped sutures (supramid. This is not available in many countries and we describe a technique whereby looped sutures can be introduced in flexor tendon repair by the use of 23 G hypodermic needle and conventional 4.0 or 5.0 sutures. This is an alternative when the custom made preformed sutures are not available. This can be practiced in zone 3 to zone 5 repairs. Technical difficulties limit its use in zone 2 repairs.

  5. The frontosphenoidal suture: fetal development and phenotype of its synostosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathijssen, Irene M.J.; Meulen, Jacques J.N.M. van der; Adrichem, Leon N.A. van; Vaandrager, J.M.; Vermeij-Keers, Christl [Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Hulst, Rene R.W.J. van der [University Hospital Maastricht, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Maastricht (Netherlands); Lequin, Maarten H. [Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Department of Radiology, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2008-04-15

    Isolated synostosis of the frontosphenoidal suture is very rare and difficult to diagnose. Little has been reported on the clinical presentation and fetal development of this suture. To understand the development of the frontosphenoidal suture and the outcome of its synostosis. We studied the normal fetal development of the frontosphenoidal suture in dry human skulls and the clinical features of four patients with isolated synostosis of the frontosphenoidal suture. The frontosphenoidal suture develops relatively late during the second trimester of pregnancy, which explains the mild phenotype when there is synostosis. This rare craniosynostosis results in a deformity that causes recession of the lateral part of the frontal bone and supraorbital rim, with minimal facial asymmetry. Three-dimensional CT is the best examination to confirm the diagnosis. Isolated frontosphenoidal synostosis should be considered in patients with unilateral flattening of the forehead at birth that does not improve within the first few months of life. (orig.)

  6. Strabismus Surgery Reoperation Rates With Adjustable and Conventional Sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leffler, Christopher T; Vaziri, Kamyar; Cavuoto, Kara M; McKeown, Craig A; Schwartz, Stephen G; Kishor, Krishna S; Pariyadath, Allison

    2015-08-01

    To determine the association of strabismus surgery reoperation rates with adjustable or conventional sutures. Retrospective cross-sectional study. setting: Review of a large national private insurance database. Adults aged 18-89 having strabismus surgery between 2007 and 2011. Adjustable vs conventional suture strabismus surgery. Reoperation rate in the first postoperative year. Overall, 526 of 6178 surgical patients had a reoperation (8.5%). Reoperations were performed after 8.1% of adjustable suture surgeries and after 8.6% of conventional suture surgeries (P = .57). Of the 4357 horizontal muscle surgeries, reoperations were performed after 5.8% of adjustable suture surgeries, and after 7.8% of conventional suture surgeries (P = .02). Of the 1072 vertical muscle surgeries, reoperations were performed after 15.2% of adjustable suture surgeries and after 10.4% of conventional suture surgeries (P = .05). Younger age (18-39 years) was associated with a lower reoperation rate (P ≤ .02). The significant multivariable predictors of reoperation for horizontal surgery were adjustable sutures (odds ratio [OR] 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.52-0.91), monocular deviation (OR 0.64), complex surgery (OR 1.63), and unilateral surgery on 2 horizontal muscles (OR 0.70, all P ≤ .01). Adjustable sutures were not significantly associated with reoperation rates after vertical muscle surgery (multivariable OR 1.45, P = .07). Adjustable sutures were associated with significantly fewer reoperations for horizontal muscle surgery. Adjustable sutures tended to be associated with more reoperations for vertical muscle surgery, but this observation was not statistically significant in the primary analysis after controlling for age. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Understanding the logic of common suturing techniques in dermatologic surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Yazdani Abyaneh, Mohammad-Ali; Levitt, Jacob O

    2015-01-01

    Although most trainees in dermatology learn that different suturing techniques are designated for a specific purpose (i.e., certain functional and cosmetic outcomes), students often have a difficult time visualizing how a given suture functions in its designated capacity. In this article, we address the logic behind the most common suturing techniques in dermatologic surgery, including the direction and magnitude of their pulling force with respect to the wound edges and the ensuing displacem...

  8. New "loop" suture for FDP zone I injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapickis, Martins

    2009-09-01

    There are many methods describing distal juncture fixation techniques of the injured flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) or flexor tendon graft. We have noted a tendency in the surgical repair of tissues toward the more expensive and technology-dependent methods. New suture type was developed to find better FDP distal juncture suture not indulging into expensive technology-dependent techniques. The positive aspect of the most popular Bunnell pullout technique is eventual removal of the suture. The negative aspect is necessity to use tie over button to secure the end of the tendon in the bone canal and thus externalizing suture. This can be complicated with maceration, decubitus, and infection. In addition, any device secured to the finger nail can be caught by external objects. We propose buttonless method of the tendon-to-bone fixation. The only negative aspect is retaining suture. Suture is easy to perform and cheaper than any of the anchor sutures. Twelve patients were included in this preliminary study. Seven patients had acute FDP tendon zone I bone juncture injuries. Five patients had second stage flexor tendon reconstruction with tendon grafts. No infections, ruptures of the FDP or nail growth disturbances were noted. Three patients presented with slight DIP joint flexion contracture. One patient had "mallet" deformity. Our tendon-to-bone fixation is easy to perform. It is as cheap as standard Bunnell fixation and excludes complications encountered in standard pullout sutures. Although bone suture anchors with modified Becker core suture are superior in tensile strength to 2-stranded sutures, many hand surgeons are limited by the price of the bone anchors and can find our suture more affordable.

  9. A study of sutural bones in Gujarati (Indian) crania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, G P; Bhagwat, S S; Routal, R V

    1986-03-01

    370 adult crania were examined to find the incidence of sutural bones in Gujarati (Indian) crania and to compare it with other populations to establish the distance between them. The mean measure of difference between Indian and other populations was statistically significant. Comparison of cranial capacity in skulls with and without sutural bones showed no significant difference, and this is interpreted as indicating that sutural bones are not formed secondary to stress.

  10. A randomized 'N-of-1' single blinded clinical trial of barbed dermal sutures vs. smooth sutures in elective plastic surgery shows differences in scar appearance two-years post-operatively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koide, S; Smoll, N R; Liew, J; Smith, K; Rizzitelli, A; Findlay, M W; Hunter-Smith, D J

    2015-07-01

    Barbed sutures have unidirectional circumferential shallow barbs, which distribute tension throughout the wound and close wound securely without the need to tie knots. We compare two different methods of wound closure in elective plastic surgical cases: barbed 3/0 V-Loc™180 suture and smooth 3/0 Maxon™ sutures, both polyglyconate monofilament synthetic absorbable sutures. We assessed the aesthetic long-term results with a minimum two year follow up. This is a prospective, randomized controlled study with internal control. A single surgeon performed all cases. Patients who underwent elective operations that involved long wound closure were enrolled in the study. Each patient acted as their own internal control with half their wound being sutured with 3/0 V-Loc™180 barbed suture and the other half with smooth 3/0 Maxon™ deep dermal sutures and then a subcuticular skin closure. In both groups, the superficial fascial system was closed with 1 Vicryl interrupted sutures on both sides. Long-term cosmesis was evaluated using the modified Hollander cosmesis score by review of standardized postoperative photographs by 9 blinded plastic surgeons and specialist registrars. The study reports on 33 female patients. The time taken for wound closure was significantly reduced using the barbed suture (p suture (p = 0.0075). Barbed sutures closure of long wounds is faster and produces a better long-term aesthetic outcome than smooth sutures. Copyright © 2015 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Are Barbed Sutures Associated With 90-day Reoperation Rates After Primary TKA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Daniel C; Keeney, Benjamin J; Dempsey, Brendan E; Koenig, Karl M

    2017-11-01

    Studies have suggested that barbed sutures for wound closure in TKAs are an acceptable alternative to standard methods. However others have observed a higher risk of wound-related complications with barbed sutures. (1) Do 90-day TKA reoperation rates differ between patients undergoing a barbed suture arthrotomy closure compared with a traditional interrupted closure? (2) Do the 90-day reoperation rates of wound-related, deep infection, and arthrotomy failure complications differ between barbed suture and traditional closures? A retrospective analysis of a longitudinally maintained institutional primary TKA database was conducted on all TKAs performed between April 2011 and September 2015. We compared 884 primary TKAs, where the arthrotomy was closed with a barbed suture, with 1598 primary TKAs closed with the standard interrupted suture. After barbed sutures were introduced at our institution in 2012, the majority of surgeons gradually switched to barbed suture closures, with many using them exclusively by the end of the data collection period. We confirmed in-person followups and available data past 90 days for 97.4% (1556 of 1598) of the knees in patients with standard sutures and 94.8% (838 of 884) of the knees in patients with barbed sutures. Our primary endpoint was all-cause 90-day reoperation; our secondary endpoints considered: wound-related reoperation, as defined by previous studies; deep infection per Musculoskeletal Infection Society guidelines; and arthrotomy failure, defined intraoperatively as an opening or dehiscence through the previous arthrotomy closure. T tests and chi-square analyses were used to determine differences between the suture cohorts, and bivariate logistic regression was used to determine associations with our 90-day reoperation outcomes. With the numbers available, there was no association between suture type and 90-day all-cause reoperation (odds ratio [OR], 1.70; 95% CI, 0.82-3.53; p = 0.156). Suture type was not associated with

  12. Visual Measurement of Suture Strain for Robotic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Martell

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Minimally invasive surgical procedures offer advantages of smaller incisions, decreased hospital length of stay, and rapid postoperative recovery to the patient. Surgical robots improve access and visualization intraoperatively and have expanded the indications for minimally invasive procedures. A limitation of the DaVinci surgical robot is a lack of sensory feedback to the operative surgeon. Experienced robotic surgeons use visual interpretation of tissue and suture deformation as a surrogate for tactile feedback. A difficulty encountered during robotic surgery is maintaining adequate suture tension while tying knots or following a running anastomotic suture. Displaying suture strain in real time has potential to decrease the learning curve and improve the performance and safety of robotic surgical procedures. Conventional strain measurement methods involve installation of complex sensors on the robotic instruments. This paper presents a noninvasive video processing-based method to determine strain in surgical sutures. The method accurately calculates strain in suture by processing video from the existing surgical camera, making implementation uncomplicated. The video analysis method was developed and validated using video of suture strain standards on a servohydraulic testing system. The video-based suture strain algorithm is shown capable of measuring suture strains of 0.2% with subpixel resolution and proven reliability under various conditions.

  13. Visual measurement of suture strain for robotic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martell, John; Elmer, Thomas; Gopalsami, Nachappa; Park, Young Soo

    2011-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgical procedures offer advantages of smaller incisions, decreased hospital length of stay, and rapid postoperative recovery to the patient. Surgical robots improve access and visualization intraoperatively and have expanded the indications for minimally invasive procedures. A limitation of the DaVinci surgical robot is a lack of sensory feedback to the operative surgeon. Experienced robotic surgeons use visual interpretation of tissue and suture deformation as a surrogate for tactile feedback. A difficulty encountered during robotic surgery is maintaining adequate suture tension while tying knots or following a running anastomotic suture. Displaying suture strain in real time has potential to decrease the learning curve and improve the performance and safety of robotic surgical procedures. Conventional strain measurement methods involve installation of complex sensors on the robotic instruments. This paper presents a noninvasive video processing-based method to determine strain in surgical sutures. The method accurately calculates strain in suture by processing video from the existing surgical camera, making implementation uncomplicated. The video analysis method was developed and validated using video of suture strain standards on a servohydraulic testing system. The video-based suture strain algorithm is shown capable of measuring suture strains of 0.2% with subpixel resolution and proven reliability under various conditions.

  14. Clinical Applications of Barbed Suture in Aesthetic Breast Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Ryan T M; Bengtson, Bradley P

    2015-10-01

    The breadth of literature regarding barbed suture applications in plastic surgical procedures and of importance to this article, barbed suture applications in breast surgery, is growing dramatically as surgical practitioners are becoming more familiar with the advantages of this new suture technology. Barbed suture devices were first implemented by plastic surgeons for the use in various minimally invasive techniques for facial rejuvenation, but have now surpassed these applications and are now much more commonly used in Breast and Body closures. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Comparison of Barbed Sutures in Porcine Flexor Tenorrhaphy

    OpenAIRE

    Sull, Alan; Inceoglu, Serkan; August, Alicia; Gregorius, Stephen; Wongworawat, Montri D.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Barbed suture use has become more popular as technology and materials have advanced. Minimal data exist regarding performance of the 2 commercially available products, V-LocTM and StratafixTM in tendon repairs. The purpose of this study was to compare gap resistance and ultimate tensile strength of both suture materials and nonbarbed suture in a porcine ex vivo model. Methods: Porcine flexor tendons were harvested and divided into 3 groups of 10 of varying suture material (3-0 PDS...

  16. Cyclic loading comparison of Bio-SutureTak-#2 FiberWire and Bio Mini-Revo-#2 Hi-Fi suture anchor-sutures in cadaveric scapulae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparks, Brad S; Nyland, John; Nawab, Akbar; Blackburn, Ethan; Krupp, Ryan; Burden, Robert

    2008-03-01

    This study compared tap-in Bio-SutureTak suture anchor-#2 FiberWire suture (Group 1) and screw-in Bio Mini-Revo suture anchor-#2 Hi-Fi suture (Group 2) fixation in the glenoid region of interest for Bankart repair, in addition to evaluation of isolated suture loop biomechanical properties under progressive incremental cyclic loads. With knowledge of glenoid apparent bone mineral density (BMD), implant preparation and fit characteristics, and following application of a light manual tensile load, the primary investigator scored each specimen for perceived within group biomechanical test performance using a 0-10 point modified visual analog scale. After scoring, 12 paired constructs were placed in a servo hydraulic device clamp, preloaded to 25 N, and cycled between 25 and 50 Hz with a 25 N load increase every 25 cycles. Group 2 withstood greater load (104.1 +/- 56 vs. 70 +/- 36.9 N, P = 0.04) and displaced more at failure (13 +/- 4.5 vs. 8.6 +/- 3.3 mm, P = 0.04). All Group 1 specimens failed prior to reaching 150 N, whereas 25% of Group 2 specimens (n = 3) failed at 200 N. All specimens failed by anchor pullout except for three Group 2 specimens that failed by eyelet breakage at 200 N. Isolated suture testing revealed that Group 1 sutures displaced less at each cyclic load (P = 0.028) and withstood greater failure loads (P = 0.028) than that of Group 2 sutures. Group 2 constructs displayed moderately strong relationships between perceived within group biomechanical test performance and ultimate load (r (2) = 0.55) and displacement at failure (r (2) = 0.67). Group 1 did not display significant relationships. Similar biomechanical performance between 50 and 125 N, greater load at failure, and superior biomechanical test prediction accuracy suggest that the screw-in type Bio Mini-Revo suture anchor-#2 Hi-Fi suture combination may be preferred for Bankart lesion repair in low apparent BMD glenoid processes. The #2 Hi-Fi suture, however, allowed significantly greater

  17. Buried absorbable polyglactin 910 sutures do not result in stronger wounds in porcine full thickness skin incisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Katy L; Lear, William; Robertson, Bria L; Kruzic, Jamie J

    2016-10-01

    To test the hypothesis that the mechanical strength of wounds closed with a combination of buried dermal absorbable sutures and superficial nonabsorbable nylon sutures will be higher than wounds closed with only superficial nonabsorbable nylon sutures. Four Yucatan pigs were anesthetized and each received four 4.5cm full thickness incisions on their dorsal surfaces, placed 8cm apart. Half of all incisions were randomly allocated and repaired with 3-0 polyglactin 910 (Vicryl(™)) buried dermal absorbable sutures and superficial 3-0 nylon sutures, using a simple interrupted pattern. The other half received only 3-0 nylon sutures. Two pigs were humanely euthanized at day 10, with specimen harvest for mechanical testing; the other two pigs had superficial nylon sutures removed at day 10, as per current clinical practice, and were humanely euthanized at day 42, with specimen harvest for mechanical testing. Tensile loads were applied perpendicularly to the wounds with a displacement rate of 40mm per minute. Wounds at day 42 were >9 times stronger than wounds at day 10 (p<0.0001). There was no difference in average wound strength at either day 10 or day 42 between wounds with and without buried dermal absorbable sutures. Buried dermal absorbable sutures failed to provide additional wound support at either 10 or 42 days. This result may have immediate implications for clinicians who perform cutaneous surgery and keep superficial sutures in for at least 10 days. Future research will be directed to shorter time studies, other buried dermal absorbable suture materials, and alternatives to buried dermal absorbable sutures. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  18. Suture-Only Repair Versus Suture Anchor–Augmented Repair for Achilles Tendon Ruptures With a Short Distal Stump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boin, Michael A.; Dorweiler, Matthew A.; McMellen, Christopher J.; Gould, Gregory C.; Laughlin, Richard T.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinosis can result in an acute Achilles tendon rupture with a short distal stump. In such tendon ruptures, there is a limited amount of adequate tissue that can hold suture, thus presenting a challenge for surgeons who elect to treat the rupture operatively. Hypothesis: Adding suture anchors to the repair construct may result in biomechanically stronger repairs compared with a suture-only technique. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: Nine paired Achilles-calcaneus complexes were harvested from cadavers. An artificial Achilles rupture was created 2 cm proximal to the insertion on the calcaneus. One specimen from each cadaver was assigned to a suture-only or a suture anchor–augmented repair. The contralateral specimen of the same cadaver received the opposing repair. Cyclic testing was then performed at 10 to 100 N for 2000 cycles, and load-to-failure testing was performed at 0.2 mm/s. This was followed by analysis of repair displacement, gapping at repair site, peak load to failure, and failure mode. Results: The suture anchor–augmented repair exhibited a 116% lower displacement compared with the suture-only repair (mean ± SD, 1.54 ± 1.13 vs 3.33 ± 1.47 mm, respectively; P suture anchor–augmented repair also exhibited a 45% greater load to failure compared with the suture-only repair (303.50 ± 102.81 vs 209.09 ± 48.12 N, respectively; P Suture anchor–augmented repairs performed on acute Achilles tendon ruptures with a short distal stump are biomechanically stronger than suture-only repairs. Clinical Relevance: Our results support the use of suture anchor–augmented repairs for a biomechanically stronger construct in Achilles tendon ruptures with a short distal stump. Biomechanically stronger repairs may lead to less tendon repair gapping and failure, increasing the ability to start early active rehabilitation protocols and thus improving patient outcomes. PMID:28203592

  19. Usefulness of continuous suture using short-thread double-armed micro-suture for cerebral vascular anastomosis

    OpenAIRE

    Sei Haga; Shinji Nagata

    2014-01-01

    Background: When microvascular anastomosis is performed in a deep, narrow operating field, securing space to throw knots is difficult. To simplify the procedure and avoid obstruction of the anastomosis, we use a continuous suturing with short-thread double-armed micro-suture. Methods: Sixty-four patients (38 cerebral revasculazation, 16 moyamoya disease, and 10 aneurysm surgery) undergoing microvaucular anastomosis were included. During anastomosis, a continuous suture was placed with sho...

  20. Arthroscopic suture anchor capsulorrhaphy versus labral-based suture capsulorrhaphy in a cadaveric model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillis, Robert C; Donaldson, Christopher T; Kim, Hyunchul; Love, James M; Dreese, James C

    2012-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish whether suture anchor capsulorrhaphy (SAC) is biomechanically superior to suture capsulorrhaphy (SC) in the management of recurrent anterior shoulder instability without a labral avulsion. Twelve matched pairs of shoulders were randomized to either SC or SAC. Specimens were mounted in 60° of abduction and 90° of external rotation. Testing was conducted on an MTS servohydraulic load testing device (MTS, Eden Prairie, MN). A compressive load of 22 N was applied, followed by a 2-N anterior and posterior force to establish a 0 point. Translation with 10-N anterior and posterior loads was recorded for baseline laxity measurement. Arthroscopic capsulorrhaphy was performed with either 3 solitary sutures or 3 suture anchors. Specimens were remounted and returned to the 0 point. Translation was measured with 10-N anterior and posterior loads to determine reduction in translation. Specimens were then loaded to failure to the 0 point at a rate of 0.1 mm/s. Load to failure was significantly greater (P = .02) in the SC group (13.6 ± 1.0 N) versus the SAC group (20.5 ± 2.8 N). No differences were found between SC (2.7 ± 0.7 mm) and SAC (2.3 ± 0.6 mm) when we compared reduction of anterior translation with a 10-N load. The percent reduction of anterior displacement with a 10-N load was similar for the SC (49.9%) and SAC (49.6%) groups. The dominant mode of failure in the study was suture pull-through of the capsular tissue. Our study indicates that labral-based SC and SAC similarly reduce anterior glenohumeral translation at low loading conditions. Load-to-failure studies indicate that SAC exhibits significantly greater resistance to translation at higher loading conditions. Our study suggests that the use of a suture anchor when one is performing a capsulorrhaphy may provide biomechanical advantage at high loading conditions. Our study suggests that when one is performing capsulorrhaphy, the use of a suture anchor may provide

  1. Suture locking of isolated internal locking knotless suture anchors is not affected by bone quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodmass, Jarret M; Matthewson, Graeme; Ono, Yohei; Bois, Aaron J; Boorman, Richard S; Lo, Ian KY; Thornton, Gail M

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical performance of different suture locking mechanisms including: i) interference fit between the anchor and the bone (eg, 4.5 mm PushLock, 5.5 mm SwiveLock), ii) internal locking mechanism within the anchor itself (eg, 5.5 mm SpeedScrew), or iii) a combination of interference fit and internal locking (eg, 4.5 mm MultiFIX P, 5.5 mm MultiFIX S). Methods Anchors were tested in foam blocks representing normal (20/8 foam) or osteopenic (8/8 foam) bone, using standard suture loops pulled in-line with the anchor to isolate suture locking. Mechanical testing included cyclic testing for 500 cycles from 10 N to 60 N at 60 mm/min, followed by failure testing at 60 mm/min. Displacement after 500 cycles at 60 N, number of cycles at 3 mm displacement, load at 3 mm displacement, and maximum load were evaluated. Results Comparing 8/8 foam to 20/8 foam, load at 3 mm displacement and maximum load were significantly decreased (Panchors that, even in part, relied on an interference fit suture locking mechanism (ie, 4.5 mm PushLock, 5.5 mm SwiveLock, 4.5 mm MultiFIX P, 5.5 mm MultiFIX S). Bone quality did not affect the mechanical performance of 5.5 mm SpeedScrew anchors which have an isolated internal locking mechanism. Conclusion The mechanical performance of anchors that relied, even in part, on interference fit were affected by bone quality. Isolated internal locking knotless suture anchors functioned independently of bone quality. Anchors with a combined type (interference fit and internal locking) suture locking mechanism demonstrated similar mechanical performance to isolated internal locking anchors in osteopenic foam comparing similar sized anchors. Clinical relevance In osteopenic bone, knotless suture anchors that have an internal locking mechanism (isolated or combined type) may be advantageous for secure tendon fixation to bone. PMID:26124683

  2. New suture materials for midline laparotomy closure: an experimental study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Midline laparotomy closure carries a significant risk of incisional hernia. This study examines the behavior of two new suture materials, an elastic material, polyurethane (PUe), and a barbed polydioxanone (PDXb) suture thread in a rabbit model of midline incision closure. Methods Three 2-cm midline incisions were made in 68 New Zealand White rabbits. The incisions were closed by running suture using four 3/0 threads: polypropylene (PP) (Surgipro®, Covidien), PUe (Assuplus®, Assut Europe), PDX (Assufil®, Assut Europe) or PDXb (Filbloc®, Assut Europe). Animals in each suture group were euthanized 3 weeks and 6 months after surgery. Histological sections of the tissue-embedded sutures were subjected to morphological, collagen expression, macrophage response and uniaxial tensiometry studies. Results No signs of wound dehiscence or complications were observed. At 3 weeks, all sutures were surrounded by connective tissue composed mainly of collagen III. PUe showed greater collagen I expression than the other sutures. All sutures elicited a macrophage response that diminished from 3 weeks to 6 months (p sutures (PP and PUe) yet PDXb showed a significantly greater response than the other reabsorbable suture (PDX) at 3 weeks (p  0.05). Conclusion Three weeks after surgery, PUe revealed more collagen I deposition than the remaining materials and this translated to a similar biomechanical behavior to linea alba, that could avoid the appearance of short term dehiscences and thus reduce the incidence of incisional hernia. PDXb provides no additional advantages in their behavior regarding PDX suture. PMID:25231161

  3. Biomechanical analysis of suture anchors and suture materials in the canine femur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, James T; Coker, Demir; Rochat, Mark C; Payton, Mark E; Subramarian, Vijay; Bartels, Kenneth E

    2008-01-01

    Biomechanical analysis of acute load to failure (ALF) of 3 veterinary and 1 human suture anchor and cyclic load to failure with two suture material/suture anchor constructs in canine femoral condyles. Biomechanical in vitro study. Cadaveric femora from 20-30 kg dogs. Three veterinary and 1 human suture anchor were placed in the cranial and caudal aspects of the femoral condyle and subjected to 0 degrees ALF. Anchors were loaded with 5 USP Fiberwire or 27 kg test nylon leader line (NLL) and subjected to 90 degrees cyclic testing for 10,000 cycles followed by ALF at 90 degrees. No significant difference in ALF for any anchor type was detected in the cranial aspect of the femoral condyle; however all veterinary anchors had higher ALF in the caudal aspect of the femoral condyle. In cyclic testing, the constructs in descending order (most cycles to least) were: (1) FlexiTwist/NLL, (2) Securos/Fiberwire, Securos/NLL, (3) IMEX/Fiberwire, IMEX/NLL, and (4) FlexiTwist/Fiberwire, Fastin/Fiberwire. Fiberwire was significantly stronger than NLL in post-cycling ALF testing. Veterinary anchors had higher ALF in the caudal versus cranial aspect of the femoral condyle. Except for the FlexiTwist in which NLL performed better, Fiberwire and NLL both had similar cyclic performance with each veterinary anchor type. The veterinary anchors exceeded the human anchor in ALF and cycles to failure. The tested veterinary suture anchors with Fiberwire or NLL may be used in the femoral condyle, preferably in the caudal aspect, and should withstand estimated loading conditions in appropriately confined postoperative canine patients.

  4. Surgical device for supporting corneal suturing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventura, Liliane; Oliveira, Gunter C. D.; De Groote, Jean-Jacques; Sousa, Sidney J. F.; Saia, Paula

    2009-02-01

    A system for ophthalmic surgery support has been developed in order to minimize the residual astigmatism due to the induced irregular shape of the cornea by corneal suture. The system projects 36 light spots, from LEDs, displayed in a precise circle at the lachrymal film of the examined cornea. The displacement, the size and deformation of the reflected image of these light spots are analyzed providing the keratometry and the circularity of the suture. Measurements in the range of 32D - 55D (up to 23D of astigmatism are possible to be obtained) and a self-calibration system has been designed in order to keep the system calibrated. Steel precision spheres have been submitted to the system and the results show 99% of correlation with the fabricant's nominal values. The system has been tested in 13 persons in order to evaluate its clinical applicability and has been compared to a commercial keratometer Topcon OM-4. The correlation factors are 0,92 for the astigmatism and 0.99 for the associated axis. The system indicates that the surgeon should achieve circularity >=98% in order to do not induce astigmatisms over 3D.

  5. [Microsurgical blood vessel sutures using the so-called fibrin adhesive].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyermann, R; Ahyai, A; Pini, C

    1982-01-01

    Since the development of microvascular surgery by Jacobson and Suarez, adaptation of vessel ends of less than 1 mm diameter has been performed by means of 8-10 interrupted sutures. Even the finest suture material, however, produces a foreign body reaction. In addition, necrosis of the media can be seen after insertion of interrupted sutures. After the initial demonstration in 1940 that divided nerves could be successfully rejoined by means of factors from the blood coagulation system, this technique was introduced to microsurgery in 1977. The present investigation was carried out on 50 end-to-end anastomoses in rat common carotid arteries. Subsequently, the healing process was studied by light and electron microscopy. The adhesive used was fibrinogen cryoprecipitate (Fibrinkleber-Human-Immuno), which polymerises after simultaneous application of thrombin. Electron microscopy shows no basic difference between the healing after this technique and the healing process after trauma to the vessel wall. This method, however, prevents regional necrosis of the vessel wall and reduces intimal thickening. The condition of the intimal lining appears better than in sutured anastomoses. The question, whether this change is due only to the absence of sutures or due also to application of fibrinogen, cannot be answered, however.

  6. Biomechanical comparison of tibial eminence fracture fixation with high-strength suture, EndoButton, and suture anchor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hapa, Onur; Barber, F Alan; Süner, Ganim; Özden, Raif; Davul, Serkan; Bozdağ, Ergun; Sünbüloğlu, Emin

    2012-05-01

    To biomechanically compare anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tibial bony avulsion fixation by suture anchors, EndoButtons (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA), and high-strength sutures subjected to cyclic loading. Type III tibial eminence fractures were created in 49 ovine knees, and 7 different types of repairs were performed. Each repair group contained 7 specimens. The repair groups were as follows: No. 2 FiberWire (Arthrex, Naples, FL); No. 2 UltraBraid (Smith & Nephew); No. 2 MaxBraid (Arthrotek, Warsaw, IN); No. 2 Hi-Fi (ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL); No. 2 OrthoCord (DePuy Mitek, Raynham, MA); Ti-Screw suture anchor (Arthrotek); and titanium EndoButton. These constructs were cyclically loaded (500 cycles, 0 to 100 N, 1 Hz) in the direction of the native ACL and loaded to failure (100 mm/min). Endpoints included ultimate failure load (in Newtons); pullout stiffness (in Newtons per millimeter); cyclic displacement (in millimeters) after 100 cycles, between 100 and 500 cycles, and after 500 cycles; and mode of failure. Bone density testing was performed in all knees. Bone density was not different among the groups. The EndoButton group had a higher ultimate failure load than the FiberWire, UltraBraid, Hi-Fi, and suture anchor groups (P suture anchor group (P suture anchor group had less displacement than the Hi-Fi and FiberWire groups (P suture rupture. Under cyclic loading conditions in an ovine model, EndoButton fixation of tibial eminence fractures provided greater initial fixation strength than suture anchor fixation or fixation with various high-strength sutures except for OrthoCord. During initial cyclic loading of ACL tibial eminence fractures, the strength of the repair construct should be taken into consideration because conventional suture repair even with ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene sutures may not provide enough strength. Copyright © 2012 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. RESEARCH A randomised controlled trial of suture materials used ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A variety of suture materials and skin staples (SS) are used for skin closure after caesarean section (CS). Some of these suture materials have been associated with lower wound infection rates, reduced pain, improved cosmetic outcomes and cost-effectiveness.1 On the other hand, SS are easier to use and are associated ...

  8. Effect of nylon suture diameter on induced astigmatism after phacoemulsification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendívil, A

    1997-10-01

    To prospectively compare the clinical results of 10-0 and 9-0 monofilament nylon sutures after phacoemulsification with poly(methyl methacrylate) intraocular lens implantation through a 4.0 mm cruciate incision. Department of Ophthalmology, Ramón y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain. One hundred eyes with cataract were randomly assigned to have surgery using a 10-0 or a 9-0 nylon suture. Except for suture diameter, identical surgical methods were used in every case. Data on uncorrected visual acuity, keratometry and postoperative astigmatism were analyzed up to 12 months after surgery. Both groups had similar uncorrected visual acuity. Mean postoperative corneal astigmatism was against the rule in the 10-0 nylon suture group and with the rule in the 9-0 nylon suture group. Significant differences were found between groups (P suture diameters offered satisfactory clinical results. Patients with preoperative with-the-rule astigmatism might benefit from 10-0 nylon sutures and those with preoperative against-the-rule astigmatism, from 9-0 nylon sutures.

  9. Bridge Suture for Successful McDonald Emergency Cerclage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Masaaki; Hori, Yoshiaki; Shirafuji, Aya; Kato, Mitsunori; Kato, Jyun; Kobayashi, Hiroto; Tsuchida, Toru; Fukae, Tsukasa

    2017-01-01

    To create awareness about a surgical technique termed bridge suture, which is performed as a pretreatment before a McDonald cerclage is performed on an emergency to treat severe cervical insufficiency. Procedures for bridge suture were reviewed in detail and outcomes of 16 patients treated with bridge suture followed by McDonald cerclage were evaluated retrospectively. Using the bridge suture, the edges of uterine cervix were temporarily sutured and the external uterine os was closed, while the hourglass-shaped fetal membranes were concomitantly confined within the cervix; subsequently, a McDonald cerclage was performed. Over a 22-year period, 16 patients with a dilated cervix and bulging fetal membranes were treated using the technique of bridge suture followed by an emergency cerclage. The mean gestational age at cerclage was 22.5 weeks; the mean gestational age at delivery was 30.7 weeks; and the mean interval between cerclage and delivery was 8.2 weeks. In 15 out of 16 cases, cerclage was performed without encountering any complications. No maternal complications, including cervical laceration, were observed. The mean body weight of 17 neonates, including that of a twin, was 1,516 g and of them, 15 neonates survived. The important outcome of bridge suture is the replacement of fetal membranes back into the uterine cavity before McDonald's cerclage is performed. Pretreatment with bridge suture may facilitate the performance of a successful emergency cerclage and contribute to good maternal and neonatal outcomes. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. Autoadjustable sutures and modified seldinger technique applied to laparoscopic jejunostomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pili, Diego; Ciotola, Franco; Riganti, Juan Martín; Badaloni, Adolfo; Nieponice, Alejandro

    2015-02-01

    This is a simple technique to be applied to those patients requiring an alternative feeding method. This technique has been successfully applied to 25 patients suffering from esophageal carcinoma. The procedure involves laparoscopic approach, suture of the selected intestinal loop to the abdominal wall and jejunostomy using Seldinger technique and autoadjustable sutures. No morbidity or mortality was reported.

  11. Suture granuloma after orchiectomy: sonography, doppler and elastography features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Secil

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTSuture granuloma is a mass forming benign lesion that develops at the site of surgery as a foreign body reaction to non-absorbable suture material. We present a case of suture granuloma that developed at the inguinal region after orchiectomy, and define the sonography, color Doppler sonography and real-time ultrasound elastography findings in correlation with the histopathological findings.

  12. Nose tip refinement using interdomal suture in caucasian nose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasinato, Rogério

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Refinement of the nose tip can be accomplished by a variety of techniques, but currently, the use of sutures in the nasal tip with conservative resection of the alar cartilage is the most frequently recommended approach. Objective: To classify the nasal tip and to demonstrate the interdomal suture applied to nasal tip refinement in the Caucasian nose, as well as to provide a simple and practical presentation of the surgical steps. Method: Development of surgical algorithm for nasal tip surgery: 1. Interdomal suture (double binding suture, 2. Interdomal suture with alar cartilage weakening (cross-hatching, 3. Interdomal suture with cephalic removal of the alar cartilage (McIndoe technique based on the nasal tip type classification. This classification assesses the interdomal distance (angle of domal divergence and intercrural distance, domal arch width, cartilage consistency, and skin type. Interdomal suture is performed through endonasal rhinoplasty by basic technique without delivery (Converse-Diamond technique under local anesthesia Conclusion: This classification is simple and facilitates the approach of surgical treatment of the nasal tip through interdomal suture, systematizing and standardizing surgical maneuvers for better refinement of the Caucasian nose.

  13. Punctal occlusion with Prolene suture material in the patients with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim: To analyze the efficacy and outcomes of punctal occlusion with 5-0 Prolene suture material for the treatment of dry eye. Materials and. Methods: A total of 20 patients with moderate and severe dry eyes, recalcitrant to maximal medical therapy, underwent temporary punctal occlusion with 5-0 Prolene suture material.

  14. Suture associated corneal abscess three years after cataract surgery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We describe a case of corneal abscess presenting three years after uneventful cataract extraction with posterior chamber lens implantation through a limbal incision secured with threesutures placed in the clear cornea. After removing the abscess, a loose10/0 nylon suture was found at the base of an ulcer. The suture was ...

  15. Astigmatism induced by intrastromal corneal suture after small incision phacoemulsification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chipont-Benabent, E; Artola Roig, A; Pérez-Santonja, J J; Guisbert Medel, M; Alió Sanz, J L

    1998-04-01

    To evaluate the course of astigmatic evolution and complications after clear corneal incisions using an intrastromal corneal suture. Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, University of Alicante, Spain. Eighty eyes of 62 patients had endocapsular phacoemulsification. A foldable intraocular lens was implanted through a 4.0 mm clear corneal incision. A 10-0 nylon intrastromal corneal suture was used in all eyes. Change sin corneal astigmatism were calculated by vector analysis; follow-up was 6 months. Early and late suture-related complications were also evaluated. Mean induced cylinder was 1.25 diopters (D) +/- 1.24 (SD) with the wound 1 day postoperatively and 0.19 +/- 0.81 D against the wound at 6 months. There were no incision- or suture-related complications postoperatively. Use of the intrastromal corneal suture led to astigmatically neutral closure of multiplanar corneal incisions.

  16. A new mathematical model for pattern formation by cranial sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimura, Kenji; Kobayashi, Ryo; Ohmura, Tomohisa; Kajimoto, Yoshinaga; Miura, Takashi

    2016-11-07

    Cranial sutures are narrow mesenchymal tissues that connect skull bones to each other. Given that they serve as growth centers in the skull, these undifferentiated tissues play crucial roles in skull development. Cranial sutures are also of clinical importance, because the premature fusion of skull bones results in a pathological condition called craniosynostosis. In newborns, skull sutures are wide and straight; during adolescence, they become thinner and start winding to form an interdigitating pattern. From a functional aspect, as the degree of interdigitation becomes larger, the strength of the connection between bones increases. However, the mechanisms underlying the maintenance of mesenchymal narrow bands or formation of interdigitation remain poorly understood. In the present study, we presented a new mathematical model that can reproduce the suture width maintenance and interdigitation formation. We can predict the width of the mesenchyme bands and wavelengths of suture interdigitations from the model. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Signaling mechanisms implicated in cranial sutures pathophysiology: Craniosynostosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria A. Katsianou

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal extension and skull expansion is a synchronized process that prevails along the osteogenic intersections of the cranial sutures. Cranial sutures operate as bone growth sites allowing swift bone generation at the edges of the bone fronts while they remain patent. Premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures can trigger craniosynostosis, a birth defect characterized by dramatic manifestations in appearance and functional impairment. Up until today, surgical correction is the only restorative measure for craniosynostosis associated with considerable mortality. Clinical studies have identified several genes implicated in the pathogenesis of craniosynostosis syndromes with useful insights into the underlying molecular signaling events that determine suture fate. In this review, we exploit the intracellular signal transduction pathways implicated in suture pathobiology, in an attempt to identify key signaling molecules for therapeutic targeting.

  18. A new uterine compression suture for postpartum haemorrhage with atony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, J; Xiong, X; Ma, Q; Zhang, X; Li, M

    2011-02-01

    Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of worldwide maternal mortality and is still associated with significant morbidity. After the B-Lynch suture was reported in 1997, several different uterine compression sutures were found to be successful in controlling PPH. In this paper, we describe another simple variation of the uterine compression suture technique, which was performed without an incision in the uterine wall, without entering the uterine cavity and without suturing the anterior and posterior walls of the uterus together, so minimising the trauma to the uterus. This new uterine compression suture is an effective and safe surgical treatment for PPH caused by atony. It has the potential to apply to intractable PPH after vaginal delivery.

  19. Microbial keratitis after penetrating keratoplasty: impact of sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moorthy, Sonia; Graue, Enrique; Jhanji, Vishal; Constantinou, Marios; Vajpayee, Rasik B

    2011-08-01

    To determine the impact of presence or absence of sutures in cases with post-penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) microbial keratitis. A 10-year retrospective chart review of post-PKP patients admitted with microbial keratitis at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, between January 1998 and December 2008 was undertaken. Patients were categorized in 2 groups, "sutures present" and "sutures absent." Main parameters evaluated were clinical and microbiological profile and treatment outcome. One hundred and twenty-two episodes of microbial keratitis were noted in 101 patients: 71 (58.2%) with sutures present and 51 (41.8%) with sutures absent. Overall, pseudophakic bullous keratopathy was the most common indication for keratoplasty (P=.92). Ocular surface disorder was the commonest risk factor associated with the occurrence of infection in both groups (P=.17). Infections caused by Moraxella sp. (P=.001) were significantly more common in the "sutures absent" group. Surgical interventions were required for 47 episodes (39%), with corneal gluing performed in significantly higher number of cases in the "sutures absent" group (40% vs 15%; P=.05). Multivariate analyses did not reveal any significant associations. Final mean visual acuity outcome was poorer in the "sutures absent" group (logMAR 2.10 ± 0.92 vs 1.76 ± 0.96; P=.04). Corneal graft infections, in the presence and absence of sutures, share similar indications and risk factors. However, infections caused by indolent microorganisms were more prevalent in grafts without sutures. This group of patients required a higher number of surgical interventions in the form of corneal gluing and the overall visual outcome was poor. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Bacterial Contamination of Surgical Suture Resembles a Biofilm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry-Stanley, Michelle J.; Hess, Donavon J.; Barnes, Aaron M.T.; Dunny, Gary M.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Although much attention is currently directed to studying microbial biofilms on a variety of surfaces, few studies are designed to study bacterial growth on surgical suture. The purpose of this study was to compare the kinetic development of Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis on five surgical suture materials and to clarify factors that might influence this growth. Methods Pure cultures of S. aureus and E. faecalis were incubated with five types of suture for four days using either tissue culture medium or a bacterial growth medium. Suture-associated bacteria were quantified daily. In selected experiments, the bacterial growth medium was supplemented with heparin, a substance known to promote S. aureus biofilm formation. The ultrastructure of S. aureus biofilm developing on braided suture was studied with scanning electron microscopy. Results Staphylococcus aureus and E. faecalis were recovered in greater numbers (typically p suture, and the numbers of bacteria were greater (often p sutures incubated in bacterial growth medium rather than tissue culture medium. Addition of heparin 1,000 U/mL to silk or braided polyglactin 910 suture incubated three days with S. aureus resulted in greater numbers of bacteria on day one but not on subsequent days. Scanning electron microscopy showed a maturing S. aureus biofilm that developed from small clusters of cells among amorphous material and fibrillar elements to larger clusters of cells that appeared covered by more consolidated extracellular material. Conclusions Bacterial growth was favored on braided vs. monofilament suture, and heparin enhanced bacterial adherence after day one, but not at subsequent times. Staphylococcus aureus adhered to suture material and formed a structure consistent with a bacterial biofilm. PMID:20673144

  1. Prevention of Incisional Surgical Site Infection Using a Subcuticular Absorbable Suture in Elective Surgery for Gastrointestinal Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bou, Hideki; Suzuki, Hideyuki; Maejima, Kentarou; Uchida, Eiji; Tokunaga, Akira

    2015-06-01

    This study examined whether subcuticular absorbable sutures actually reduce incisional SSI in patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal (GI) cancer. Surgical site infection (SSI) is still a source of major complications in digestive tract surgery. Reportedly, incisional SSI can be reduced using subcuticular suturing. We performed subcuticular suturing using a 4-0 absorbable monofilament in patients undergoing elective surgery for GI cancer beginning in 2008. Using an interrupted technique, sutures were placed 1.5-2.0cm from the edge of the wound, with everted subcuticular sutures created at intervals of 1.5-2.0cm. The control group consisted of cases in which the common subcutaneous suture method using clip. One hundred cases were examined in the subcuticular group. The incidence of SSI was 0% in the subcuticular suture group, compared with 13.9% in the control group; this difference was significant. Incisional SSI can be prevented using the devised subcuticular absorbable sutures in patients undergoing elective surgery for GI cancer.

  2. Holding Strength of Suture: An Experimental Study Using Porcine Kidney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akpinar, Haluk; Karadag, Mert Ali; Dönmez, Muhammet İrfan; Altunrende, Fatih

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The search for the perfect suture is going on and has resulted in the introduction of many different suture types into the market. The purpose of this study is to investigate the holding strength (HS) of different sutures in the renal parenchyma in an experimental study on pig kidneys. Methods: The HS that caused sliding of the suture was investigated in 5 adult porcine kidneys with 7 suture variants. HS-caused tearing of the kidney was investigated with 3 suture types on 5 kidneys. The third investigation, performed on 5 porcine kidneys, was a comparison between 2-0 Vicryl sutures with a Hem-o-lok clip and 2-0 V-Loc sutures with 1 knot. The Friedman test was used to compare the groups. Post hoc analysis was performed with the Wilcoxon signed ranks test (Bonferroni corrected). Results: For HS causing sliding of the suture, the mean HSs of the tested sutures were as follows: 2-0 Vicryl with 1 Hem-o-lok clip, 3.26 ± 0.55 N; 2-0 Vicryl with 2 Hem-o-lok clips, 4.1 ± 0.46 N; 2-0 V-Loc, 2.52 ± 0.63 N; 4-0 V-Loc, 1.62 ± 0.17 N; 0 Quill, 0.48 ± 0.16 N; 2-0 Vicryl with 1 Hem-o-lok clip (halfway), 3.62 ± 0.66 N; and 2-0 V-Loc (halfway), 1.02 ± 0.40 N. For HS causing tearing of the kidney, the mean value of 2-way 2-0 Vicryl (Hem-o-lok in the middle) was 13.28 ± 1.38 N, 2-0 2-way Vicryl (Hem-o-lok at the end) was 5.86 ± 0.75 N, and 2-way 2-0 V-Loc was 3.98 ± 1.60 N. For the third group, the difference between the 2 suture variants was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Our study revealed that 2-0 Vicryl (polyglactin 910) sutures with 2 Hem-o-lok clips had the maximum HS in renal parenchyma when compared with other sutures. PMID:28729782

  3. Holding Strength of Suture: An Experimental Study Using Porcine Kidney.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkuvanci, Ünsal; Akpinar, Haluk; Karadag, Mert Ali; Dönmez, Muhammet İrfan; Altunrende, Fatih

    2017-01-01

    The search for the perfect suture is going on and has resulted in the introduction of many different suture types into the market. The purpose of this study is to investigate the holding strength (HS) of different sutures in the renal parenchyma in an experimental study on pig kidneys. The HS that caused sliding of the suture was investigated in 5 adult porcine kidneys with 7 suture variants. HS-caused tearing of the kidney was investigated with 3 suture types on 5 kidneys. The third investigation, performed on 5 porcine kidneys, was a comparison between 2-0 Vicryl sutures with a Hem-o-lok clip and 2-0 V-Loc sutures with 1 knot. The Friedman test was used to compare the groups. Post hoc analysis was performed with the Wilcoxon signed ranks test (Bonferroni corrected). For HS causing sliding of the suture, the mean HSs of the tested sutures were as follows: 2-0 Vicryl with 1 Hem-o-lok clip, 3.26 ± 0.55 N; 2-0 Vicryl with 2 Hem-o-lok clips, 4.1 ± 0.46 N; 2-0 V-Loc, 2.52 ± 0.63 N; 4-0 V-Loc, 1.62 ± 0.17 N; 0 Quill, 0.48 ± 0.16 N; 2-0 Vicryl with 1 Hem-o-lok clip (halfway), 3.62 ± 0.66 N; and 2-0 V-Loc (halfway), 1.02 ± 0.40 N. For HS causing tearing of the kidney, the mean value of 2-way 2-0 Vicryl (Hem-o-lok in the middle) was 13.28 ± 1.38 N, 2-0 2-way Vicryl (Hem-o-lok at the end) was 5.86 ± 0.75 N, and 2-way 2-0 V-Loc was 3.98 ± 1.60 N. For the third group, the difference between the 2 suture variants was not statistically significant. Our study revealed that 2-0 Vicryl (polyglactin 910) sutures with 2 Hem-o-lok clips had the maximum HS in renal parenchyma when compared with other sutures.

  4. Objective classification system for sagittal craniosynostosis based on suture segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Xiaohua; Tan, Hua; Zhang, Jian; Zhuang, Xiahai; Branch, Leslie; Sanger, Chaire; Thompson, Allison; Zhao, Weiling; Li, King Chuen; David, Lisa; Zhou, Xiaobo

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Spring-assisted surgery is an effective and minimally invasive treatment for sagittal craniosynostosis (CSO). The principal barrier to the advancement of spring-assisted surgery is the patient-specific spring selection. The selection of spring force depends on the suture involved, subtypes of sagittal CSO, and age of the infant, among other factors. Clinically, physicians manually judge the subtype of sagittal CSO patients based on their CT image data, which may cause bias from different clinicians. An objective system would be helpful to stratify the sagittal CSO patients and make spring choice less subjective. Methods: The authors developed a novel informatics system to automatically segment and characterize sutures and classify sagittal CSO. The proposed system is composed of three phases: preprocessing, sutures segmentation, and classification. First, the three-dimensional (3D) skull was extracted from the CT images and aligned with the symmetry of the cranial vault. Second, a “hemispherical projection” algorithm was developed to transform 3D surface of the skull to a polar two-dimensional plane. Through the transformation, an “effective” projected region can be obtained to enable easy segmentation of sutures. Then, the different types of sutures, such as coronal sutures, lambdoid sutures, sagittal suture, and metopic suture, obtained from the segmented sutures were further identified by a dual-projection technique of the midline of the sutures. Finally, 108 quantified features of sutures were extracted and selected by a proposed multiclass feature scoring system. The sagittal CSO patients were classified into four subtypes: anterior, central, posterior, and complex with the support vector machine approach. Fivefold cross validation (CV) was employed to evaluate the capability of selected features in discriminating the four subtypes in 33 sagittal CSO patients. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were used to assess the robustness

  5. Arthroscopic Fixation of Tibial Eminence Fractures: A Clinical Comparative Study of Nonabsorbable Sutures Versus Absorbable Suture Anchors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Weixiong; Li, Zhongli; Zhang, Hao; Li, Ji; Wang, Ketao; Yang, Yimeng

    2016-08-01

    To compare clinical outcomes of arthroscopic therapy for tibial eminence fracture with nonabsorbable suture and absorbable suture anchor. Between February 2010 and September 2012, a total of 60 tibial eminence fracture patients were treated with nonabsorbable suture fixation or absorbable suture anchor fixation under arthroscopy. Patients with tibial plateau fractures and other significant injuries, including osteochondral lesions, meniscal tear, and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or mutiligament injuries, were excluded from the study. Radiographs, anterior drawer test (ADT), Lachman test, Lysholm score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) 2000 subjective score were employed to evaluate clinical outcomes in follow-up. A total of 41 patients were analyzed. Among these patients, 22 were treated with nonabsorbable suture fixation and 19 with absorbable suture anchor fixation. According to the modified Meyers-McKeever classification, 15 cases were categorized as type II, 21 as type III, and 5 as type IV fractures. The mean time from injury to surgery was 7.1 days (range, 3 to 12 days). All patients were followed up for a median period of 33.7 months (range, 24 to 45 months). Radiographic evaluation showed optimal reduction immediately after operation and bone union within 3 months in all patients. At the final follow-up, there was no limitation of knee motion range in any patient. Grade II laxity was found in 2 cases from suture group and 1 from suture anchor group, showing no significant difference based on ADT (χ(2) = 0.538, P = .764) and Lachman test (χ(2) = 0.550, P = .760). Lysholm and IKDC 2000 subjective scores were significantly improved (P suture fixation and absorbable suture anchor fixation are equivalent techniques in terms of the clinical efficacy of arthroscopic tibial eminence fracture treatment. Level III, retrospective comparative study. Copyright © 2016 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc

  6. Biomechanical evaluation of double Krackow sutures versus the three-loop pulley suture in a canine gastrocnemius tendon avulsion model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, L; Banks, Ta; Luckman, P; Smith, B

    2014-11-01

    To compare two Krackow sutures with a three-loop pulley suture for the reattachment of canine gastrocnemius tendons, using a tendon avulsion model. In vitro biomechanical study. Ten paired gastrocnemius tendons were severed at their insertions on the calcaneal tuberosity and repaired with either two modified Krackow sutures or a modified three-loop pulley suture. Sutures were placed in the tendon ends and through diverging bone tunnels in the medial and lateral processes of the calcaneal tuberosity. Tensile loads required to (a) create a 3-mm gap and (b) induce construct failure were measured. The mean load to achieve a 3-mm gap was 77.22 ± 9.72 and 55.85 ± 9.91 N, and to result in construct failure was 106.88 ± 12.74 and 80.86 ± 12.23 N for the Krackow and three-loop pulley suture patterns, respectively. These differences were statistically significant (P sutures were superior to the three-loop pulley pattern in both resistance to 3-mm gap formation and load to failure in a canine gastrocnemius avulsion model. The prevention of gap formation is critical for the success of tenorrhaphy. These results indicate that a suture pattern using two Krackow sutures may be clinically superior to the three-loop pulley suture pattern in the repair of canine gastrocnemius avulsion. Further work is required to determine if this superiority is mirrored in the repair of other tendon avulsion or laceration scenarios. © 2014 Australian Veterinary Association.

  7. The Strength of Transosseous Medial Meniscal Root Repair Using a Simple Suture Technique Is Dependent on Suture Material and Position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, James R; Frank, Evelyn G; Hunter, Alan J; Jermin, Paul J; Gill, Harinderjit S

    2018-01-01

    A simple suture technique in transosseous meniscal root repair can provide equivalent resistance to cyclic load and is less technically demanding to perform compared with more complex suture configurations, yet maximum yield loads are lower. Various suture materials have been investigated for repair, but it is currently not clear which material is optimal in terms of repair strength. Meniscal root anatomy is also complex; consisting of the ligamentous mid-substance (root ligament), the transition zone between the meniscal body and root ligament; the relationship between suture location and maximum failure load has not been investigated in a simulated surgical repair. (A) Using a knottable, 2-mm-wide, ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) braided tape for transosseous meniscal root repair with a simple suture technique will give rise to a higher maximum failure load than a repair made using No. 2 UHMWPE standard suture material for simple suture repair. (B) Suture position is an important factor in determining the maximum failure load. Controlled laboratory study. In part A, the posterior root attachment of the medial meniscus was divided in 19 porcine knees. The tibias were potted, and repair of the medial meniscus posterior root was performed. A suture-passing device was used to place 2 simple sutures into the posterior root of the medial meniscus during a repair procedure that closely replicated single-tunnel, transosseous surgical repair commonly used in clinical practice. Ten tibias were randomized to repair with No. 2 suture (Suture group) and 9 tibias to repair with 2-mm-wide knottable braided tape (Tape group). The repair strength was assessed by maximum failure load measured by use of a materials testing machine. Micro-computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained to assess suture positions within the meniscus. The wide range of maximum failure load appeared related to suture position. In part B, 10 additional porcine knees were prepared. Five

  8. Aqua splint suture technique in isolated zygomatic arch fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong-Kyu; Kim, Seung Kyun; Lee, Jun Ho; Park, Chan Hum

    2014-04-01

    Various methods have been used to treat zygomatic arch fractures, but no optimal modality exists for reducing these fractures and supporting the depressed bone fragments without causing esthetic problems and discomfort for life. We developed a novel aqua splint and suture technique for stabilizing isolated zygomatic arch fractures. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of novel aqua splint and suture technique in isolated zygomatic arch fractures. Patients with isolated zygomatic arch fractures were treated by a single surgeon in a single center from January 2000 through December 2012. Classic Gillies approach without external fixation was performed from January 2000 to December 2003, while the novel technique has been performed since 2004. 67 consecutive patients were included (Classic method, n = 32 and Novel method, n = 35). An informed consent was obtained from all patients. The novel aqua splint and suture technique was performed by the following fashion: first, we evaluated intraoperatively the bony alignment by ultrasonography and then, reduced the depressed fracture surgically using the Gillies approach. Thereafter, to stabilize the fracture and obtain the smooth facial figure, we made an aqua splint that fit the facial contour and placed monofilament nonabsorbable sutures around the fractured zygomatic arch. The novel aqua splint and suture technique showed significantly correlated with better cosmetic and functional results. In conclusion, the aqua splint suture technique is very simple, quick, safe, and effective for stabilizing repositioned zygomatic arch fractures. The aqua splint suture technique can be a good alternative procedure in isolated zygomatic arch fractures.

  9. Sutural strain in orthopedic headgear therapy: a finite element analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holberg, Christof; Holberg, Nikola; Rudzki-Janson, Ingrid

    2008-07-01

    The goal of this study was to analyze the strains induced in the sutures of the midface and the cranial base by headgear therapy involving orthopedic forces. Does the mechanical signal induced in the sutures sufficiently account for a growth-influencing effect? A finite element model of the viscerocranium and the neurocranium was used. It consisted of 53,555 tetrahedral elements and 97,550 nodes. The strain induced in the sutures of the cranial base and the midface when applying orthopedic headgear forces of 5 and 10 N was computed and recorded with an interactive measurement tool. The magnitude and the distribution of the measured strains depended on the level and the direction of the acting force. Overall, the strain values measured at the sutures of the midface and the cranial base were moderate. The measured peak values at a load of 5 N per side were usually just below 20 microstrain irrespective of the force direction. A characteristic distribution of strain values appeared on the anatomical structures of the midface and the cranial base for each vector direction. The measurements based on the finite element method provided a good overview of the approximate magnitudes of sutural strains with orthopedic headgear therapy. The signal arriving in the sutures is apparently well below threshold, since the maximum measured strains in most sutures were about 100 fold lower than the minimal effective strain. A skeletal effect of the orthopedic headgear due to a mechanical effect on sutural growth cannot be confirmed from these results. The good clinical efficacy of headgear therapy with orthopedic forces is apparently based mainly on dentoalveolar effects, whereas the skeletal effect due to inhibition of sutural growth is somewhat questionable.

  10. Perioperative modulating factors on astigmatism in sutured cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Yang Kyeung; Kim, Man Soo

    2009-12-01

    To evaluate the factors that affect postoperative astigmatism and post-suture removal astigmatism, and to evaluate the risk factors associated with astigmatism axis shift. We performed a retrospective chart review of 130 eyes that had undergone uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Preoperative astigmatism was divided into four groups (Groups I, II, III, and IV) according to the differences between the axis of preoperative astigmatism (flattest axis) and the incision axis (105 degrees). We analyzed the magnitude and axis of the induced astigmatism after the operation and after suture removal in each group. We also analyzed the factors which affected the postoperative astigmatism and post-suture removal astigmatism in each sub-group of Groups I, II, III, and IV, excluding postoperative or post-suture removal axis shift (specifically, Group I(WAS), II(WAS), III(WAS), and IV(WAS)). We identified the variables associated with the prevalence of postoperative astigmatism axis shift and those associated with the prevalence of post-suture removal axis shift. An increase in the magnitude of postoperative astigmatism was associated with an increase in the preoperative magnitude of astigmatism in Groups I(WAS), II(WAS), and III(WAS) (pastigmatism was associated with an increase in the corneal tunnel length in Groups III(WAS) and IV(WAS) (psuture removal astigmatism was associated with an increase in the magnitude of postoperative astigmatism in Groups I(WAS) and IV(WAS) (psuture removal in Group IV(WAS) (psuture removal astigmatism was associated with late suture removal in Groups I(WAS) and II(WAS). A logistic regression analysis showed that the prevalence of post-suture removal astigmatism axis shift was associated with increased corneal tunnel length, decreased magnitude of postoperative astigmatism, and early suture removal. In order to reduce postoperative and post-suture removal astigmatism, we recommend a short corneal tunnel length and late suture removal

  11. Bacterial adhesion to suture material in a contaminated wound model: Comparison of monofilament, braided, and barbed sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhom, Jonas; Bloes, Dominik A; Peschel, Andreas; Hofmann, Ulf K

    2017-04-01

    Contaminated suture material plays an important role in the physiopathology of surgical site infections. Recently, suture material has been developed characterized by barbs projecting from a monofilament base. Claimed advantages for barbed sutures are a shortened wound closure time and reduced maximum wound tension. It has also been suggested that these sutures would be advantageous microbiologically. The aim of this study was to test the microbiological characteristics of the barbed Quill in comparison to the monofilament Ethilon II and the braided sutures Vicryl and triclosan-coated Vicryl Plus. In our study, sutures were cultivated on color-change agar with Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecium, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the halo size was measured. In a second study arm with longer cultivation bacterial growth was followed by antibiotic treatment. Ethilon II and Quill showed good comparable results, whereas large halos were found around Vicryl. Vicryl Plus results depended on triclosan sensitivity. After longer bacterial cultivation and antibiotic treatment, halos were up to 3.6 times smaller on Quill than on Vicryl (p sutures can be recommended in aseptic surgery, but should only be used carefully in septic surgery. © 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 35:925-933, 2017. © 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. MonoMax Suture: A New Long-Term Absorbable Monofilament Suture Made from Poly-4-Hydroxybutyrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erich K. Odermatt

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A long-term absorbable monofilament suture was developed using poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB made from a biosynthetically produced homopolymer of the natural metabolite 4-hydroxybutyrate. The suture, called MonoMax, has prolonged strength retention. At 12 weeks, a size 3-0 MonoMax suture retains approximately 50% of its initial tensile strength in vivo and is substantially degraded in one year with minimal tissue reaction. In contrast, PDS II monofilament suture (Ethicon, Inc., Somerville, NJ has no residual strength in vivo after 12 weeks. In vivo, the MonoMax suture is hydrolyzed primarily by bulk hydrolysis, and is then degraded via the Krebs cycle. MonoMax is substantially more compliant than other monofilament sutures, and incorporates an element of elasticity. Its tensile modulus of 0.48 GPa is approximately one-third of the value of the PDS II fiber providing an exceptionally flexible and pliable fiber with excellent knot strength and security. These features are further enhanced by the fiber's elasticity, which also improves knot security and may help prevent wound dehiscence. Because of its performance advantages, this suture may find clinical utility in applications where prolonged strength retention, and greater flexibility are required, particularly in procedures like abdominal wall closure where wound dehiscence is still a significant post-surgical complication.

  13. In vivo evaluation of a novel mesh suture design for abdominal wall closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Jason M; Dumanian, Zari P; Gurjala, Anandev N; Dumanian, Gregory A

    2015-02-01

    The authors present a novel mesh suture design aimed at minimizing the early laparotomy dehiscence that drives ventral hernia formation. The authors hypothesized that modulation of the suture-tissue interface through use of a macroporous structure and increased aspect ratio (width-to-height ratio) would decrease the suture pull-through that leads to laparotomy dehiscence. Incisional hernias were produced in 30 rats according to an established hernia model. The rat hernias were randomized to repair with either two 5-0 polypropylene sutures or two midweight polypropylene mesh sutures. Standardized photographs were taken before repair and 1 month after repair. Edge-detection software was used to define the border of the hernia defect and calculate the defect area. Histologic analysis was performed on all mesh suture specimens. Seventeen hernias were repaired with mesh sutures and 13 were repaired with conventional sutures. The mean area of the recurrent defects following repair with mesh suture was 177.8 ± 27.1 mm2, compared with 267.3 ± 34.1 mm2 following conventional suture repair. This correlated to a 57.4 percent reduction in defect area after mesh suture repair, compared with a 10.1 percent increase in defect area following conventional suture repair (p sutures pulled through the surrounding tissue, whereas 65 percent (17 of 26) of the conventional sutures demonstrated complete pull-through. Excellent fibrocollagenous ingrowth was observed in 13 of 17 mesh suture specimens. Mesh sutures better resisted suture pull-through than conventional polypropylene sutures. The design elements of mesh sutures may prevent early laparotomy dehiscence by more evenly distributing distracting forces at the suture-tissue interface and permitting tissue incorporation of the suture itself.

  14. 21 CFR 878.4493 - Absorbable poly(glycolide/l-lactide) surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... suture. 878.4493 Section 878.4493 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND....4493 Absorbable poly(glycolide/l-lactide) surgical suture. (a) Identification. An absorbable poly(glycolide/l-lactide) surgical suture (PGL suture) is an absorbable sterile, flexible strand as prepared and...

  15. Randomized comparison of polyglycolic acid and polyglyconate sutures for abdominal fascial closure after laparotomy in patients with suspected impaired wound healing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osther, P J; Gjøde, P; Mortensen, Sophie Berit Bondegaard

    1995-01-01

    A randomized study of abdominal fascial closure using interrupted polyglyconate and polyglycolic acid sutures after laparotomy was carried out in 204 consecutive patients with suspected impaired wound healing. There were no statistically significant differences between the two sutures with regard...... to the development of fascial disruption and incisional hernia. Wound infection demanding surgical intervention was found in 7 per cent of patients with polyglyconate sutures and in 16 per cent of those with polyglycolic acid sutures (P = 0.04). Monofilament polyglyconate suture does not reduce the incidence...... of fascial disruption and incisional hernia after laparotomy in patients with suspected impaired wound healing but the incidence of wound infection may be reduced compared with that of multifilament polyglycolic acid suture....

  16. Automatic Detection of Wild-type Mouse Cranial Sutures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ólafsdóttir, Hildur; Darvann, Tron Andre; Hermann, Nuno V.

    In the study of craniofacial malformations, the cranial sutures are often of interest. The premature fusion of sutures occurring in e.g. Crouzon and Apert syndrome can lead to asymmetric head shape, enlarged intracranial pressure and blindness. In large population studies of such syndromes......, automatic detection of the cranial sutures becomes important. We have previously built a craniofacial, wild-type mouse atlas from a set of 10 Micro CT scans using a B-spline-based nonrigid registration method by Rueckert et al. Subsequently, all volumes were registered nonrigidly to the atlas. Using...... these transformations, any annotation on the atlas can automatically be transformed back to all cases. For this study, two rounds of tracing seven of the cranial sutures, were performed on the atlas by one observer. The average of the two rounds was automatically propagated to all the cases. For validation...

  17. Influence of suture regularity on corneal astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjortdal, Jesper; Søndergaard, Anders; Fledelius, Walther; Ehlers, Niels

    2011-08-01

    To investigate whether suture regularity affects corneal astigmatism after keratoplasty. Twenty-one patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty for various corneal diseases were included in the study. The grafts were sutured in place using a single-running Nylon 10-0 suture, taking 24 bites. Immediately after surgery, standard calibrated images of the grafted eye were captured and stored. Using a dedicated image analysis programme, stitches and needle points were identified, and a number of suture regularity variables were calculated. Corneal topographic images were obtained before suture removal (12 months after surgery) and 3 months after suture removal (18 months after surgery). Topographic measures of astigmatism [surface regularity (SRI), surface asymmetry index (SAI) and simulated keratometric astigmatism] were calculated and correlated with the computed suture regularity variables. The average stitch length was 3.04 ± 0.28 mm and the distance between the outer needle points was 2.53 ± 0.09 mm. The SRI was 1.26 ± 0.36 and the SAI was 1.59 ± 0.67 after 12 months; these decreased to 1.03 ± 0.48 and 0.92 ± 0.46 after 18 months, respectively. Corneal astigmatism was 6.38 ± 2.99 and 5.87 ± 3.13 dioptres after 12 and 18 months, respectively. Suture regularity did not affect SAI, SRI or corneal astigmatism significantly 12 months after surgery. Eighteen months after surgery (3 months after suture removal), the standard deviation on the original stitch length was found to significantly increase corneal astigmatism. In addition, the size of the counter-clockwise angle between stitch and graft radian was correlated significantly with a lower SRI. The origin of corneal astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty is multifaceted. Regular stitch length and stitch advancement on the surface appears to improve the optical quality of the graft after suture removal. Factors such as stitch depth, suture tension and variations in wound construction might also be

  18. Experimental evaluation of horse hair as a nonabsorbable monofilament suture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati R Yedke

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Success of surgery depends on wound closure and healing. Ancients had coated many suture materials from plant and animal origin. As the quest for natural nonabsorbable, monofilament surgical suture continues, horsehair has been taken for study, which is mentioned in ancient literature. Objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate detail mechanical and biophysical properties of horsehair. Materials and Methods: Physical properties, that are diameter, straight pull and knot pull tensile strength, bioburden, sterility tests were performed. Visual and histological wound healing parameters were studied in experimental Wistar rat incision wound model. Two experimental wounds about 5 cm long were created on each side of dorsal midline. Each animal received two sutures-Horsehair 4-0 and Ethilon 4-0. The sutured areas were grossly examined on 3 rd and 7 th days for visual observations like congestion, edema, infection, wound disruption, and impression of suture material on healed wound and then subjected for histological study. Results: Revealed that horsehair has got diameter of 0.19 mm which complies with the 4-0 size USP standard. Straight pull tensile strength was found 0.5851 ± 0.122 kg and knot pull tensile strength was 0.3998 ± 0.078 kg, which complies with the standards of United State Pharmacopia for class II nonabsorbable suture materials. In vivo study revealed that there was no evidence of edema, congestion, and discharge in both the groups. Wounds healed with minimum impressions of suture material with minimum scar mark. Mean histological scoring shows very mild tissue reaction. Conclusion: Horsehair has got properties of standard suture material except low tensile strength and hence can be used in reconstructive, plastic surgeries, and ophthalmic surgeries.

  19. Recurrent vitreous hemorrhage after sutured posterior chamber intraocular lenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Arthur D; McDonald, H Richard; Jumper, J Michael; Aaberg, Thomas M; Smiddy, William E; Robertson, Joseph E; Johnson, Robert N; Ai, Everett

    2004-04-01

    To describe the clinical course and management of patients with late vitreous hemorrhage after scleral suturing of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PCIOL). The authors reviewed patient demographics, ocular findings, and clinical course of six patients with late (>3 weeks) vitreous hemorrhage after sclera-sutured PCIOL. Intraoperative endoscopy was performed on two patients to better assess the haptic sulcus interaction. Patient age ranged from 39 to 84 years (median 77 years). The interval between scleral suturing of the PCIOL and vitreous hemorrhage ranged from 3 weeks to 68 months (median 5 months). The number of hemorrhages ranged from one to four. The hemorrhage cleared spontaneously in three eyes. Three patients underwent surgery after the hemorrhages including sutured PCIOL removal with concurrent placement of an anterior chamber IOL (ACIOL) (two patients) and resuturing of a PCIOL in a different meridian (one patient). Follow-up ranged from 4 to 36 months, median 19.5 months, starting from the time of the initial postsuturing vitreous hemorrhage. Final vision ranged from 20/20 to hand motions, with four eyes having 20/40 or better vision. Endoscopy revealed a haptic embedded into the pars plicata in one eye but no evidence of neovascularization. Recurrent vitreous hemorrhage may occur as a complication of scleral suturing of PCIOL. The etiology of these hemorrhages does not appear to be related to neovascular proliferation at the haptic suture site, but may be secondary to erosion of the haptic into uveal structures. Not all eyes require reoperation after these hemorrhages; however, good visual results may be achieved by replacing the sutured PCIOL with an ACIOL or by suturing the PCIOL in a different meridian.

  20. A comparison of lateral ankle ligament suture anchor strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, F Alan; Herbert, Morley A; Crates, John M

    2013-06-01

    Lateral ankle ligament repairs increasingly use suture anchors instead of bone tunnels. Our purpose was to compare the biomechanical properties of a knotted and knotless suture anchor appropriate for a lateral ankle ligament reconstruction. In porcine distal fibulae, 10 samples of 2 different PEEK anchors were inserted. The attached sutures were cyclically loaded between 10N and 60N for 200 cycles. A destructive pull was performed and failure loads, cyclic displacement, stiffness, and failure mode recorded. PushLock 2.5 anchors failed before 200 cycles. PushLock 100 cycle displacement was less than Morphix 2.5 displacement (panchors completing 200 cycles was 86.5N (PushLock) and 252.1N (Morphix) (psuture breaking for all PushLocks while the Morphix failed equally by anchor breaking and suture breakage. The knotted Morphix demonstrated more displacement and greater failure strength than the knotless PushLock. The PushLock failed consistently with suture breaking. The Morphix anchor failed both by anchor breaking and by suture breaking. Copyright © 2012 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. A New Coating for Non-resorbable Surgical Suture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Salah Hameed

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Suture is a biomaterial used to approximate wound edges to facilitate the healing process. This task could be compromised as a result of wound infection. Zinc is an element that has antibacterial action and can be a member of silicate glasses. The zinc-silicate glasses can be used as a coating for surgical suture to combat wound infection. However, zinc has a negative effect on glass degradation and its  antibacterial action is a pH sensitive. In this work, silicate glasseswith ZnO at 14 and 17 mole% were used as a coating for non-resorbable Mersilk suture using a slurry-dipping technique. The coating morphology was studied using SEM and itsanti-bacterial action was investigated in vitroagainstgram positive and negative bacteria at neutral and acidic conditions.The effect of the coating on tensile strength of the sutures wasstudied as well.The results revealed that the coatingwas well-adhered to the suture and had anti-bacterial action atacidic condition.The coating had no effect on the tensile strength of the surgical suture

  2. Development of braided drug-loaded nanofiber sutures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu Wen [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Huang Zhengming [School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Liu Xiangyang, E-mail: huangzm@tongji.edu.cn [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, 117542 (Singapore)

    2010-08-06

    The objectives of this work are twofold. Firstly, while most work on electrospinning is limited to the development of only functional materials, a structural application of electrospun nanofibers is explored. Secondly, a drug-loaded tissue suture is fabricated and its various properties are characterized. Braided drug-loaded nanofiber sutures are obtained by combining an electrospinning process with a braiding technique followed by a coating procedure. Two different electrospinning techniques, i.e. blend and coaxial electrospinning, to incorporate a model drug cefotaxime sodium (CFX-Na) into poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nanofibers have been applied and compared with each other. Properties of the braided drug-loaded sutures are characterized through a variety of methods including SEM, TEM and tensile testing. The results show that the nanofibers had a preferable micromorphology. The drug was incorporated into the polymer nanofibers homogeneously, with no cross-linking. The nanofibers maintained their fibrous structures. An in vitro release study indicates that the drug-loaded nanofibers fabricated by blend electrospinning and coaxial electrospinning had a different drug release behavior. An inhibition zone experiment shows that both sutures obtained from the nanofibers of the different electrospinning techniques had favorable antibacterial properties. The drug-loaded sutures had preferable histological compatibility performance compared with commercial silk sutures in an in vivo comparative study.

  3. Craniosynostosis of coronal suture in Twist1+/- mice occurs through endochondral ossification recapitulating the physiological closure of posterior frontal suture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjorn eBehr

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Craniosynostosis, the premature closure of cranial suture, is a pathologic condition that affects 1/2000 live births. Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by craniosynostosis. The Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, which is defined by loss-of-function mutations in the TWIST gene, is the second most prevalent craniosynostosis. Although much of the genetics and phenotypes in craniosynostosis syndromes is understood, less is known about the underlying ossification mechanism during suture closure. We have previously demonstrated that physiological closure of the posterior frontal (PF suture occurs through endochondral ossification. Moreover, we revealed that antagonizing canonical Wnt signaling in the sagittal suture leads to endochondral ossification of the suture mesenchyme and sagittal synostosis, presumably by inhibiting Twist1. Classic Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is characterized by coronal synostosis, and the haploinsufficient Twist1+/- mice represents a suitable model for studying this syndrome. Thus, we seeked to understand the underlying ossification process in coronal craniosynostosis in Twist1+/- mice. Our data indicate that coronal suture closure in Twist1+/- mice occurs between postnatal day 9 to 13 by endochondral ossification, as shown by histology, gene expression analysis and immunohistochemistry. In conclusion, this study reveals that coronal craniosynostosis in Twist1+/- mice occurs through endochondral ossification. Moreover, it suggests that haploinsufficency of Twist1 gene, a target of canonical Wnt-signaling, and inhibitor of chondrogenesis, mimics conditions of inactive canonical Wnt-signaling leading to craniosynostosis.

  4. Comparison of Barbed Sutures in Porcine Flexor Tenorrhaphy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sull, Alan; Inceoglu, Serkan; August, Alicia; Gregorius, Stephen; Wongworawat, Montri D.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Barbed suture use has become more popular as technology and materials have advanced. Minimal data exist regarding performance of the 2 commercially available products, V-LocTM and StratafixTM in tendon repairs. The purpose of this study was to compare gap resistance and ultimate tensile strength of both suture materials and nonbarbed suture in a porcine ex vivo model. Methods: Porcine flexor tendons were harvested and divided into 3 groups of 10 of varying suture material (3-0 PDS™, 3-0 V- V-Loc 180™, or 3-0 Stratafix™). A modified 4-strand cruciate technique was used to repair each tendon. Knotless repair was performed using barbed suture, whereas a buried 6-throw square knot was done using conventional suture. A servohydrolic tester was used for biomechanical testing of linear 2-mm gap resistance and maximum tensile strength. Results: No difference was found in 2-mm gap resistance among the 3 groups. No difference was found in ultimate tensile strength between V-Loc™ (76.0 ± 9.4 N) and Stratafix™ (68.1 ± 8.4 N) repairs, but the ultimate strength of the PDS™ control group (83.4 ± 10.0 N) was significantly higher than that of Stratafix™. Conclusions: Barbed (knotless) and nonbarbed suture repairs demonstrate equivalent 2-mm gap resistance. Stratafix™ repairs show slightly inferior performance to nonbarbed repairs in ultimate tensile strength, although this occurred at gap distances far beyond the 2-mm threshold for normal tendon gliding. Both barbed and nonbarbed 4-strand cruciate flexor tendon repairs may require peripheral repair to withstand physiologic loads. PMID:28149217

  5. Effects of wound architecture and suture technique on postoperative astigmatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimbel, H V; Sun, R; DeBroff, B M

    1995-01-01

    A prospective randomized investigation was performed to evaluate the effects of wound architecture and suture techniques on postoperative astigmatism after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. Two hundred eyes with preexisting with-the-rule astigmatism were randomized into four groups: (1) sutureless scleral tunnel frown incision, (2) scleral tunnel frown incision with a horizontal suture, (3) scleral tunnel frown incision with both a horizontal and a running suture, and (4) posterior limbal acute beveled cataract incision with a running suture. All the incisions were placed in the vertical steep meridian. Data were analyzed from 128 cases with 1-year follow-up. The results revealed that at the 2-month postoperative visit, preexisting astigmatism was significantly reduced in group 1 (P = .029) and significantly increased in groups 3 (P = .020) and 4 (P = .005). There was no significant change in group 2 (P = .06). By the 1-year postoperative visit, there was no significant difference in astigmatism from preoperative levels for all four groups. Vector analysis revealed no significant difference in the mean surgically induced cylinder at 1 year in all four groups. The number of eyes with induced against-the-rule astigmatism, however, was significantly higher than the number of eyes with induced with-the-rule astigmatism in all four groups (P sutured wounds placed in the vertical steep meridian may initially increase with-the-rule astigmatism, whereas nonsutured wounds placed in the vertical steep meridian may initially reduce with-the-rule astigmatism. By 1 year, however, a mean flattening of the vertical steep meridian was observed in the three groups with sutures as well as in the group without sutures.

  6. Mesh fixation with a barbed anchor suture results in significantly less strangulation of the abdominal wall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Calvin; Joseph, Rohan; Salas, Nilson; Reardon, Patrick R; Bass, Barbara L; Dunkin, Brian J

    2012-05-01

    Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair using an underlay mesh frequently requires suture fixation across the abdominal wall, which results in significant postoperative pain. This study investigates the utility of a novel mesh fixation technique to reduce the strangulation force on the abdominal wall. Multiple 2-cm(2) pieces of polyester mesh (Parietex Composite, Covidien) were placed as an underlay against a porcine abdominal wall. Fixation was accomplished using either the standard 0-polyglyconate or the 0-polyglyconate barbed anchor suture designed to hold in tissue without the need to tie a knot (V-Loc 180; Covidien). Suture fixation began with a stab wound incision in the skin. A suture-passing device then was used to pass the suture across the abdominal wall and through the mesh. The suture passer was removed and reintroduced through the same stab wound incision but at a different fascial entry point 1.5 cm away. The tail of the suture was grasped and pulled up through both the mesh and the abdominal wall, creating a full-thickness U-stitch. One tail of the suture was attached to a tensiometer, and the strangulation force on the abdominal wall was measured while the suture was tied (standard) or looped (barbed). To compare pullout force, the tensiometer was attached to either the mesh or the suture, and traction was applied until material failure or suture pull through. Results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Comparisons were performed using Student's t-test. Eight pieces of mesh were placed for each suture. The average force required to secure the barbed suture (0.59 ± 0.08 kg) was significantly less than the force needed to secure the standard suture (2.17 ± 0.58 kg) (P suture pullout forces with the mesh failure forces. Although the pullout force for the standard suture is significantly greater than for the barbed suture, both sutures have a pullout strength significantly greater than the mesh failure force. Table 1 Suture fixation forces for

  7. Positioning of the cross-stitch on the modified Kessler core tendon suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil-Santos, L; Monleón-Pradas, M; Gomar-Sancho, F; Más-Estellés, J

    2018-01-26

    Cryopreserved human tendons were sutured with different variations of a modified Kessler-type grasping suture in a series of different designs in order to assess the influence of the distance between the cross-stitch on the core suture (5 and 10 mm from the cut tendon edge) on the peripheral suture. An original mathematical model was employed to explain the mechanical behavior (strength, deformation, and distribution of load) of the different suture designs. The effect of the peripheral epitendinous suture, combined with the distance of the core suture, was evaluated. The variation of core suture distance had no relevant consequences on the overall resilience of the design. However, increasing the distance between the cross-stitches of the core suture reduces the deformation that is absorbed not only by the core suture itself but also by the peripheral suture. Adding a peripheral epitendinous suture to a 10-mm design almost doubles the breaking load in absolute values. The mathematical model predicts that the peripheral suture will support a greater load when the distance of the core suture cross-stitches is increased. The evidence level is II. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Effect of Additional Sutures per Suture Anchor in Arthroscopic Bankart Repair: A Review of Single-loaded Versus Double-loaded Suture Anchors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jeffrey S; Novikov, David; Kaplan, Daniel J; Meislin, Robert J

    2016-07-01

    To directly compare single-loaded suture anchors (SSA) with double-loaded suture anchors (DSA) to help surgeons optimize the operative technique, time, and cost of Bankart repairs. A literature review was performed using the PubMed and SCOPUS databases. Studies that directly compared SSA and DSA for Bankart repairs, or indirectly compared them by collecting relevant data despite a different objective, were included. A total of two studies were included, both of which were cadaveric laboratory studies. A total of 28 shoulders were tested. Tests conducted include loading to failure and cyclic loading. One study found SSA to be biomechanically equivalent to DSA, and one found DSA to be superior. Based on limited cadaveric study, DSA are at least equivalent biomechanically to SSA, and may be superior. By using DSA, surgeons create repair constructs that are as strong as, or stronger than, those made with SSA, but with fewer anchors. This reduces the amount of holes drilled and implants placed in the glenoid, while also minimizing cost. Quantifying the benefit of additional sutures in a suture anchor can help optimize the quality of repair, time, and cost in arthroscopic shoulder repair. Copyright © 2016 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Is There an Advantage to Knotless Barbed Suture in TKA Wound Closure? A Randomized Trial in Simultaneous Bilateral TKAs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sah, Alexander P

    2015-06-01

    Effective wound closure is critical to minimizing wound complications and withstanding the forces associated with early knee motion after TKA. Barbed sutures allow for knotless fixation, have been used successfully in other specialties, and may provide for more even distribution of tension along the length of the incision; however, data regarding unidirectional barbed sutures from randomized trials have raised important concerns about their use. Bidirectional barbed sutures offer a potential alternative, but have not been studied extensively in orthopaedic surgery. Using a prospective, randomized, within-patient controlled study design I compared wound closure performed with bidirectional barbed sutures in one knee of bilateral TKAs performed under the same anesthetic with those performed with standard sutures in the other knee to determine whether the barbed suture was associated with (1) faster closure times; (2) fewer intraoperative suture issues, such as needle sticks or suture breakage, and fewer postoperative wound complications; (3) no detrimental effect on clinical outcomes, including knee ROM and Knee Society scores; and (4) lower total operative cost, considering suture material cost and operating room time savings. Between 2011 and 2012, 50 consecutive patients meeting prespecified inclusion criteria with simultaneous bilateral TKAs had deep and superficial closures performed using interrupted and running standard sutures in one randomly assigned knee, and running knotless bidirectional barbed sutures in the other knee. The barbed suture is US FDA-approved for soft tissue approximation wherever absorbable sutures are appropriate. Intraoperative suture issues and the number of sutures used were recorded at the time of wound closure. Suture cost was compared between the standard and barbed sutures and measured against the operative time cost, as estimated per minute saved. Patients were followed postoperatively at 2, 6, and 12 weeks, and 1 year. Outcomes

  10. Evaluation of Postoperative Povidone-Iodine in Adjustable Suture Strabismus Surgery to Reduce Suture Colonization: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetto, Julia D; Suwannaraj, Sirinya; Cavuoto, Kara M; Spierer, Oriel; Miller, Darlene; McKeown, Craig A; Capo, Hilda

    2016-10-01

    Although the association between suture colonization and postoperative infections remains hypothetical, measures to reduce perioperative suture colonization may minimize postoperative infections. The suture colonization rate in adjustable suture strabismus surgery is not well defined, and the effect of povidone-iodine use on suture colonization is unknown. To assess whether povidone-iodine application at the end of adjustable suture strabismus surgery decreases the suture colonization rate. In this randomized clinical trial designed in 2015 and performed from June 1 through October 31, 2015, a total of 65 adjustable and 43 control suture specimens from 65 demographically similar adults undergoing adjustable suture strabismus surgery were studied. A random sampling assigned participants into group 1 (with povidone-iodine) or group 2 (without povidone-iodine) at the end of surgery. A control suture specimen was obtained if ipsilateral nonadjustable surgery was performed. Both groups received antibiotic ointment at the end of the procedure. No patients refused participation or withdrew. Data analysis was performed from October 1 to December 31, 2015. Observers were unaware of patient grouping. One drop of 5% povidone-iodine directly over the sliding noose of the adjustable suture at the end of surgery. The suture colonization rate after adjustment in group 1, group 2, and the control group. Of 65 adults undergoing surgery, there were 17 men (49%) and 18 women (51%) in group 1 and 10 men (33%) and 20 women (67%) in group 2, as well as 20 men (47%) and 23 women (53%) in the control group. The mean (SD) age of the patients was 48.5 (16.8) years in group 1, 46.6 (18.1) years in group 2, and 47.7 (17.0) years in the control group. There was no difference in the colonization rate between group 1 (57%) and group 2 (47%) (relative risk [RR], 1.1; 95% CI, 0.6-1.7; P = .80), group 1 and the control group (44%) (RR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.5-1.8; P > .99), or group 2 and

  11. Suture anchor materials, eyelets, and designs: update 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, F Alan; Herbert, Morley A; Beavis, R Cole; Barrera Oro, Fernando

    2008-08-01

    Our purpose was to evaluate recently introduced sutures and suture anchors for single pull load to failure strength and failure mode. Suture anchors were tested in fresh porcine metaphyseal cortex and cancellous troughs using an established protocol. An Instron machine applied tensile loads parallel to the axis of insertion at a rate of 12.5 mm per second until failure and mean anchor failure strengths were calculated. The mode of failure was recorded (anchor pullout, suture eyelet cut out, or suture failure). Anchors tested included the Kinsa, Kinsa RC, BioRaptor 2.3 PK, TwinFix PK FT 5.5 and 6.5, BioCleat, Healix Peek, VersaLok, BioKnotless, BioKnotless BR, Corkscrew FT III, SwiveLock C, and PEEK SutureTak. The mean cortical failure loads were as follows: Kinsa (219 N), Kinsa RC (222 N), BioRaptor 2.3 PK (172 N), TwinFix PK FT 5.5 (491 N) and 6.5 (503 N), BioCleat (218 N), Healix Peek (407 N), VersaLok (376 N), BioKnotless (249 N), BioKnotless BR (265 N), Corkscrew FT III (386 N), SwiveLock C (712 N), and PEEK SutureTak (168 N). Pullout was the predominant failure mode for the VersaLok, BioKnotless, BioKnotless BR, and BioRaptor 2.3PK anchors. Eyelet failure was the predominant failure mode for the Kinsa, Kinsa RC, BioCleat, Healix Peek, Corkscrew FT III, SwiveLock C, and PEEK SutureTak. The newer anchors showed markedly increased load to failure strengths. Two or more high-strength sutures are commonly used as well as new anchor materials (PEEK and Biocryl Rapide), new eyelet designs, and the increased use of a "knotless" concept. An anchor which fails principally by pull out at a low load to failure is at risk for creating an intra-articular loose body.

  12. Arthroscopic Transtendinous Biceps Tenodesis With All-Suture Anchor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Chien-An; Chiang, Florence L; Hong, Chih-Kai; Lin, Cheng-Wei; Wang, Ping-Hui; Jou, I-Ming; Su, Wei-Ren

    2017-06-01

    There are several methods for long head of the biceps (LHB) tenodesis, yet the optimal option is still debatable. Here we introduce a technique for arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis with an all-suture anchor, the transtendinous biceps tenodesis technique. The LHB tenodesis is performed by using the Y-Knot anchor (1.3-mm). A standard suprapectoral approach is used for the tenodesis. A 1.3-mm drill bit is used to drill through the midportion of the biceps tendon and underlying bone to make a pilot hole. Next, the Y-Knot anchor is passed through the tendon and anchored on the underlying bone. A wrapping suture technique is then used to wrap around, tension, and secure the LHB tendon with the aid of a shuttling polydioxanone suture. The construct is fixed by tying down both suture limbs in a nonsliding fashion. This Technical Note describes an alternative method for all-arthroscopic suprapectoral biceps tenodesis using an all-suture anchor with a small diameter to minimize trauma to the tendon.

  13. EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT SUTURE MATERIALS ON TISSUE HEALING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fırat SELVİ

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the healing differences in between four different widely used suture materials in the oral surgery practice, including silk (Perma- Hand; Ethicon, INC., Somerville, NJ, USA, polypropylene (Prolene; Ethicon, INC., Somerville, NJ, USA, coated polyglactin 910 (Ethicon, INC., Somerville, NJ, USA. and polyglecaprone 25 (Ethicon, INC., Somerville, NJ, USA . Materials and Methods: 20 male rats were randomly allocated into two groups depending on their sacrification days (post-operative 1st and the 7th days. Four longitudinal incision wounds, each 1cm in size, were created on the dorsum of each animal which were then primarily closed with four different types of sutures. Results: The effects of these suture materials on soft tissue healing were compared histopathologically, by means of density of the cells, necrosis, fibrosis, foreign body reaction, the presence of cells of acute and chronic infection. No statistically significant difference was observed between the groups regarding the density of the cells, necrosis, fibrosis, foreign body reaction, and the presence of the cells of acute & chronic infections. Of note, propylene showed slightly less tissue reaction among the other materials. Conclusion: The results of our study showed that there is no only one ideal suture material for surgical practice. The factors related to the patient, the type of the surgery and the quality of the tissue are important to decide an appropriate suture material.

  14. Recognizing surgeon's actions during suture operations from video sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ye; Ohya, Jun; Chiba, Toshio; Xu, Rong; Yamashita, Hiromasa

    2014-03-01

    Because of the shortage of nurses in the world, the realization of a robotic nurse that can support surgeries autonomously is very important. More specifically, the robotic nurse should be able to autonomously recognize different situations of surgeries so that the robotic nurse can pass necessary surgical tools to the medical doctors in a timely manner. This paper proposes and explores methods that can classify suture and tying actions during suture operations from the video sequence that observes the surgery scene that includes the surgeon's hands. First, the proposed method uses skin pixel detection and foreground extraction to detect the hand area. Then, interest points are randomly chosen from the hand area so that their 3D SIFT descriptors are computed. A word vocabulary is built by applying hierarchical K-means to these descriptors, and the words' frequency histogram, which corresponds to the feature space, is computed. Finally, to classify the actions, either SVM (Support Vector Machine), Nearest Neighbor rule (NN) for the feature space or a method that combines "sliding window" with NN is performed. We collect 53 suture videos and 53 tying videos to build the training set and to test the proposed method experimentally. It turns out that the NN gives higher than 90% accuracies, which are better recognition than SVM. Negative actions, which are different from either suture or tying action, are recognized with quite good accuracies, while "Sliding window" did not show significant improvements for suture and tying and cannot recognize negative actions.

  15. Selective laser vaporization of polypropylene sutures and mesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burks, David; Rosenbury, Sarah B.; Kennelly, Michael J.; Fried, Nathaniel M.

    2012-02-01

    Complications from polypropylene mesh after surgery for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) may require tedious surgical revision and removal of mesh materials with risk of damage to healthy adjacent tissue. This study explores selective laser vaporization of polypropylene suture/mesh materials commonly used in SUI. A compact, 7 Watt, 647-nm, red diode laser was operated with a radiant exposure of 81 J/cm2, pulse duration of 100 ms, and 1.0-mm-diameter laser spot. The 647-nm wavelength was selected because its absorption by water, hemoglobin, and other major tissue chromophores is low, while polypropylene absorption is high. Laser vaporization of ~200-μm-diameter polypropylene suture/mesh strands, in contact with fresh urinary tissue samples, ex vivo, was performed. Non-contact temperature mapping of the suture/mesh samples with a thermal camera was also conducted. Photoselective vaporization of polypropylene suture and mesh using a single laser pulse was achieved with peak temperatures of 180 and 232 °C, respectively. In control (safety) studies, direct laser irradiation of tissue alone resulted in only a 1 °C temperature increase. Selective laser vaporization of polypropylene suture/mesh materials is feasible without significant thermal damage to tissue. This technique may be useful for SUI procedures requiring surgical revision.

  16. Congenital ptosis: a good cosmetic result with redefinition and suturing of the orbital septum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElvanney, A M; Adhikary, H P

    1996-01-01

    A surgical technique employing orbital septum sutures during ptosis surgery in children is described. A retrospective study of 16 children (age range 6 months to 14 years) undergoing surgery for congenital ptosis over a 6 year period was undertaken with regard to cosmetic outcome. All surgery was performed by one consultant ophthalmic surgeon with the patient under general anaesthesia. A standard levator resection was undertaken, following which the orbital septum was redefined and sutured with interrupted 5-0 catgut. This resulted in a well-defined lid crease post-operatively, with a good cosmetic outcome. The only significant post-operative complication was the occurrence of a suture-related granuloma in one patient. All achieved a good cosmetic result. A mild residual ptosis occurred in 3 cases, requiring a further procedure. Special attention to suturing of orbital septum as a separate tissue layer during levator resection for congenital ptosis gives good lid crease definition which may enhance the overall cosmetic outcome.

  17. Effect of robotic manipulation on unidirectional barbed suture integrity: evaluation of tensile strength and sliding force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaushik, Dharam; Clay, Kevin; Hossain, S G M; Park, Eugene; Nelson, Carl A; LaGrange, Chad A

    2012-06-01

    One of the more challenging portions of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is the urethrovesical anastomosis. Because of this, a unidirectional absorbable barbed suture (V-Loc(™)) has been used to complete the anastomosis with better efficiency and less tension. The effect of robotic needle driver manipulation on barbed suture is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine whether robotic manipulation decreases the tensile strength and peak sliding force of V-Loc barbed suture. Fifty-six V-Loc sutures were compared with 56 Maxon sutures. All sutures were 3-0 caliber. Half of the sutures in each group were manipulated with a da Vinci(®) robot large needle driver five times over a 5 cm length of suture. The other half was not manipulated. Breaking force was determined by placing sutures in a Bose ElectroForce load testing device. For sliding force testing, 28 V-Loc sutures were manipulated in the same fashion and compared with 28 nonmanipulated V-Loc sutures. Peak force needed to make the suture slip backward in porcine small intestine was determined to be the sliding force. Scanning electron microscopy of the barbs before and after robotic manipulation was also performed. The mean difference in breaking forces for manipulated vs nonmanipulated Maxon sutures was 4.52 N (P=0.004). The mean difference in breaking forces for manipulated vs nonmanipulated V-Loc sutures was 1.30 N (P=0.046). The manipulated V-Loc group demonstrated a lower peak sliding force compared with the nonmanipulated group (0.76 vs 0.88 N, P=0.199). Electron microscopy revealed minor structural damage to the barbs and suture. Tensile strength and peak sliding force of V-Loc suture is decreased by robotic manipulation. This is likely because of structural damage to the suture and barbs. This structural damage, however, is likely not clinically significant.

  18. The Stress Relaxation Process in Sutures Tied with a Surgeon's Knot in a Simulated Biological Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liber-Kneć, Aneta; Łagan, Sylwia

    2016-01-01

    The exact characteristics of sutures are not only the basis for selecting from among different types of suture, but also provide the necessary information for the design of new surgical sutures. Apart from information relating to the breaking load of a suture reported in pharmacopoeias, the viscoelastic properties of sutures can be an additional selection criterium - one that influences stitching quality, especially when there is a risk of wound dehiscence. The aim of the study was to assess the stress relaxation process for 3 polymeric sutures in an environment simulating the conditions in a living organism and (for comparison) in room conditions. Stress relaxation testing was carried out on 3 polymeric sutures: polypropylene (PP), polydioxanone (PDS) and polyglycolic acid (PGA). To identify the mechanical properties of the sutures, uniaxial tensile tests were conducted according to the Polish Pharmacopoeia. The relaxation test was carried out in room conditions and in the bath simulating a biological environment. The sutures being tested were tied with a surgeon's knot. The PP suture exhibited the greatest stress relaxation (18% of the initial stress in room conditions and 21% of the initial stress in the bath). The PGA suture exhibited the least stress relaxation (approximately 60% of the initial stress in room conditions and 59% of the initial stress in the bath). The PDS suture was tested at a lower strain level and showed stress relaxation similar to the PGA suture (approximately 63% of the initial stress in room conditions and 55% in the bath). Multifilament braided absorbable (PGA) sutures and monofilament absorbable (PDS) sutures had a higher stress relaxation ratio over time than monofilament non-absorbable (PP) sutures. These findings may indicate higher stress maintained over time in PDS and PGA sutures, and thus higher tension at wound edges, sufficient to resist wound dehiscence.

  19. Biocompatibility and biomechanical analysis of elastic TPU threads as new suture material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogels, Ruben R M; Lambertz, Andreas; Schuster, Philipp; Jockenhoevel, Stefan; Bouvy, Nicole D; Disselhorst-Klug, Catherine; Neumann, Ulf P; Klinge, Uwe; Klink, Christian D

    2017-01-01

    High suture tension is one of the causes for many wound-healing problems. Constriction of tissue within the suture loops of nonelastic sutures can lead to cutting of the suture through tissues and necrosis of the tissue within these loops. The use of elastic materials in new suture types could give the material the ability to adapt tension to the tissue requirements and subsequently lead to more vital tissue within its loops. We evaluated the foreign body host response, as indicator of biocompatibility, to a new thermoplastic poly(carbonate) urethane (TPU) synthetic suture material in a rat model compared with standard nonelastic polypropylene (PP) sutures. Tissue samples were collected at 7 and 21 days, and host response was evaluated. Subsequently, suture tension curves of the new elastic sutures for the first 30 min after knotting were recorded in a pig model. The new TPU sutures showed an improved foreign body response when compared with that of PP, with a reduction in the amount of macrophages surrounding the material. Tension experiments showed a superior tension curve for TPU sutures, with a major reduction in peak suture tension when compared with that of standard PP sutures, while still retaining adequate tension after 30 min. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 105B: 99-106, 2017. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Triangular mattress suture in abdominal diastasis to prevent epigastric bulging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, L M; Castilho, H T; Hochberg, J; Ardenghy, M; Toledo, S R; Cruz, R G; Tardelli, H

    2001-02-01

    In the classic abdominoplasty, the treatment of large diastasis recti with simple or vertical mattress sutures may result in a nonaesthetic bulge. The surgeon may produce a craniocaudal bulge deformity by treating the flaccidity in the horizontal plane only, although it occurs in all directions. The authors describe the triangular mattress suture for the treatment of large diastasis recti, and demonstrate the mechanism involved in producing an epigastric bulge. Also presented is their clinical experience with 56 patients, with a 3-year follow-up, using this new plication method. The triangular mattress suture is a simple, quick, and effective way to correct abdominal diastasis and to avoid the epigastric bulge deformity with no added morbidity.

  1. Meaningful assessment method for laparoscopic suturing training in augmented reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botden, Sanne M B I; de Hingh, I H J T; Jakimowicz, J J

    2009-10-01

    To be an effective training tool, a laparoscopic simulator has to provide metrics that are meaningful and informative to the trainee. Time, path length and smoothness are often used parameters, but are not very informative on the quality of the performance. This study aims to validate a newly developed assessment method for laparoscopic suturing on the ProMIS augmented reality simulator, and compares it with scores of objective observers. Twenty-four participants practised their suturing skills on the augmented reality suturing module: experienced participants (n = 10), >50 clinical laparoscopic suturing experience; and novice participants (n = 14), without laparoscopic experience. The performances were recorded and assessed by two unrelated observers and compared with the assessment scores. The assessment score was a calculation of time spent in the correct area and quality (strength) of the knot. To test the accuracy of the individual assessment parameters, we compared these with each other. The experienced participants had significantly higher performance scores than the novice participants in the beginner-level mode (mean 95.73 vs. 60.89, standard deviation 2.63 vs. 17.09, p < 0.001, independent t-test). The performance scores of the assessment method (n = 43) correlated significantly with the scorings of the objective observers (Spearman's rho 0.672; p < 0.001). The parameter time spent in correct area had a calculated significant correlation with the strength of the knot (n = 229, Spearman's rho 0.257, p < 0.001), but this was clinically irrelevant. This assessment method is a valid tool for objectively assessing laparoscopic suturing skills. Although assessment parameters can correlate, to provide informative feedback it is important to combine meaningful measurements in the assessment of suturing skills.

  2. Triclosan sutures for surgical site infection in colorectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Kanefumi; Takeno, Shinsuke; Hoshino, Seiichiro; Shiwaku, Hironari; Aisu, Naoya; Yoshida, Yoichiro; Tanimura, Syu; Yamashita, Yuichi

    2016-11-01

    Among all procedures, surgical site infections (SSIs) in colorectal surgery continue to have the highest rate, accounting for 5%-45%. To prevent the bacterial colonization of suture material, which disables local mechanisms of wound decontamination, triclosan-coated sutures were developed. We assessed the effectiveness of triclosan-coated sutures used for skin closure on the rate of SSIs in colorectal cancer surgery. Until August 2012, we used conventional methods for skin closure in colorectal cancer surgery at the Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine. Therefore, for the control group, we retrospectively collected surveillance data over a 1.5-y period. From September 2012, we began using triclosan-coated polydioxanone antimicrobial sutures (PDS plus) for skin and fascia closure. Hence, we collected data for the study group from September 2012 to October 2013. Differences in baseline characteristics and selection bias were adjusted using the propensity score-matching method. A total of 399 patients who underwent colorectal surgery were included in this study. There were 214 patients in the control group and 185 patients in the study group. Baseline patient characteristics were similar between the propensity score-matched groups. The incidence of SSIs was less in the study group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the site of the procedure, laparoscopic surgery, and using triclosan-coated sutures remained the independent predictors of SSIs. The use of triclosan-coated sutures was advantageous for decreasing the risk of SSIs after colorectal surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Virtual interactive suturing for the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Di; Panneerselvam, Karthikeyan; Ahn, Woojin; Arikatla, Venkata; Enquobahrie, Andinet; De, Suvranu

    2017-11-01

    Suturing with intracorporeal knot-tying is one of the five tasks of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS), which is a pre-requisite for board certification in general surgery. This task involves placing a short suture through two marks in a penrose drain and then tying a double-throw knot followed by two single-throw knots using two needle graspers operated by both hands. A virtual basic laparoscopic skill trainer (VBLaST©) is being developed to represent the virtual versions of the FLS tasks, including automated, real time performance measurement and feedback. In this paper, we present the development of a VBLaST suturing simulator (VBLaST-SS©). Developing such a simulator involves solving multiple challenges associated with fast collision detection, response and force feedback. In this paper, we present a novel projection-intersection based knot detection method, which can identify the validity of different types of knots at haptic update rates. A simple and robust edge-edge based collision detection algorithm is introduced to support interactive knot tying and needle insertion operations. A bimanual hardware interface integrates actual surgical instruments with haptic devices enabling not only interactive rendering of force feedback but also realistic sensation of needle grasping, which realizes an immersive surgical suturing environment. Experiments on performing the FLS intracorporeal suturing task show that the simulator is able to run on a standard personal computer at interactive rates. VBLaST-SS© is a computer-based interactive virtual simulation system for FLS intracorporeal knot-tying suturing task that can provide real-time objective assessment for the user's performance. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. EVALUATION OF ADJUSTABLE SUTURE TECHNIQUE IN OUTCOME OF PTOSIS SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraju

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the outcome of adjustable suture technique in ptosis surgery. INTRODUCTION : Surgical management of blepharoptosis is indicated in multiple situations and the post - operative outcomes can be as variable as the indications for surgery. Adjustable suture techniques in ptosis repair have been introduced and variable efficacies have been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case review of medical records from June 2010 to May 2011 (12 months of 5 eyes of 5 consecutive patients operated by a single surgeon at a Tertiary Eye care center in South India were reviewed. The clinical profile of patients included was r ecorded and results of adjustable suture technique described by Borman and collegues for these patients was reported. RESULTS: 5 eyes of 5 patients underwent adjustable suture ptosis repair in the study duration. 4 patients with moderate and 1 with severe ptosis, all having good levator function were diagnosed to have c ongenital ptosis in 3 cases and a cquired involutional ptosis in 2 cases. All 5 cases had a satisfactory outcome at day 4 post - operative after adjustment of lid height in the out - patient clini c. 1 patient with acquired involutional ptosis, identified with levator dehiscence intra - operatively had overcorrection at 6 months warranting re - surgery while the other 4 patients had satisfactory cosmetic lid height and functional outcome at 6 months fol low up after the adjustable suture technique for ptosis repair. CONCLUSION: Use of adjustable sutures in ptosis surgery can eliminate the intraoperative lid factors that can lead to unpredictable results. The technique described is easy to adapt and perfor m and can give repeatable and well acceptable results in the properly selected cases

  5. Retinal detachment caused by Arruga suture scleral intrusion. Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Vicente, J L; Rueda-Rueda, T; González-García, M L; López-Herrero, F; Sánchez-Vicente, P; Castilla-Lázpita, A

    2015-10-01

    We present the case of an 81-year-old man with retinal detachment caused by intrusion of an Arruga suture. The encircling buckle was located in the sub-retinal space and caused retinal breaks with retinal detachment A pars plana vitrectomy was performed along with intraocular cutting of the Arruga suture with retinal re-attachment. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  6. Distal clavicular fracture treatment with suture anchor method

    OpenAIRE

    Mirbolook, Ahmadreza; Sadat, Mirmostafa; Golbakhsh, Mohammadreza; Mousavi, Mohammad Sadegh; Gholizadeh, Amirmohammad; Saghari, Sepehr

    2018-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the suture anchor fixation in the treatment of distal clavicle fractures.Methods: This cross series study included 43 patients (27 males, 12 females; mean age: 40.1±10.18 years) with type II unstable distal clavicle fractures. The fractures were fixed by 2 pins and 1 suture anchor. All patients were followed at postoperative months 3, 6, and 12 and underwent clinical and radiographic evaluation after 1 year, ongoing at 6-month in...

  7. A biomechanical analysis of anterior Bankart repair using suture anchors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nho, Shane J; Frank, Rachel M; Van Thiel, Geoffrey S; Wang, Fan Chia; Wang, Vincent M; Provencher, Matthew T; Verma, Nikhil N

    2010-07-01

    Arthroscopic repair of anterior Bankart lesions is typically done with single-loaded suture anchors tied with simple stitch configuration. The knotless suture anchor will have similar biomechanical properties compared with two types of conventional suture anchors. Controlled laboratory study. Fresh-frozen shoulders were dissected and an anteroinferior Bankart lesion was created. For phase 1, specimens were randomized into either simple stitch (SSA) or knotless suture anchors (KSA) and loaded to failure. For phase 2, specimens were randomized into 1 of 4 repair techniques and cyclically loaded then loaded to failure: (1) SSA, (2) suture anchor with horizontal mattress configuration, (3) double-loaded suture anchor with simple stitch configuration, or (4) KSA. Data recorded included mode of failure, ultimate load to failure, load at 2 mm of displacement, as well as displacement during cyclical loading. For phase 1, the load required to 2 mm displacement of the repair construct was significantly greater in SSA (66.5 +/- 21.7 N) than KSA (35.0 +/- 12.5 N, P = .02). For phase 2, there was a statistically significant difference in ultimate load to failure among the 4groups, with both the single-loaded suture anchor with simple stitch (184.0 +/- 64.5 N), horizontal mattress stitch (189.0 +/- 65.3N), and double-loaded suture anchor with simple stitch (216.7 +/- 61.7 N) groups having significantly (P .05) among the 4 groups in displacement after cyclical loading or load at 2 mm of displacement. Both knotless and simple anchor configurations demonstrated similar single loads to failure (without cycling); however, the knotless device required less single load to displace 2 mm. All repair stitches, including simple, horizontal, and double-loaded performed similarly. The findings may suggest that with cyclical loading up to 25 N there is no difference in gapping greater than 2mm, but a macrotraumatic event may demonstrate a difference in fixation during the initial

  8. Power scaling of ammonitic suture patterns from the suborder Ancyloceratina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterman, D. J.; Barton, C. C.

    2016-12-01

    The spatial scaling of suture patterns from 44 ammonite species of the suborder Ancyloceratina was measured using the fractal box counting method. These specimens were selected from every stage in the Cretaceous and range between approximately 145 Ma to 66 Ma in age. The sutures analyzed in this study were found from published literature where half of the three dimensional paths along the last septal margins were projected on a two dimensional surface. The fractal dimension calculated from the suture patterns ranges from 1.23 to 1.58. These values positively correlate to whorl height (the length between the venter and umbilicus through a transverse cross-section at the last septum of an adult specimen) with a least squares regression analysis correlation coefficient r = 0.617. The fractal dimensions of Cretaceous sutures from Ancyloceratina were compared to a study by Olóriz et al. (2002) where fractal dimensions were measured for suture patterns of 280 species of Late Jurassic ammonites. They found a significant positive correlation (r = 0.500) between fractal dimension and whorl height but only for neritic species (ammonites that inhabit the shallow domain before the drop off of the continental shelf), and a less significant relationship (r = 0.148) for epioceanic species (that occupy the zone beyond the drop off of the continental shelf). Of the 44 sutures from Ancyloceratina analyzed in our study, 41 are presumed to inhabit the epioceanic domain, yet they still exhibit a significant positive relationship (r = 0.617) between fractal dimension and whorl height. This means that this correlation is not restricted to neritic ammonites and may be a function of shell size as proxied by whorl height. There is some inconsistency between these two studies including the vastly different heteromorphic shell forms of Ancyloceratina (with many non-planispiral forms) and temporal variation. Nevertheless, our results provide insight on the role of corrugated septal margins

  9. A reusable suture anchor for arthroscopy psychomotor skills training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillett, Edward D; Rogers, Rainie; Nyland, John

    2003-03-01

    For residents to adequately develop the early arthroscopy psychomotor skills required to better learn how to manage the improvisational situations they will encounter during actual patient cases, they need to experience sufficient practice repetitions within a contextually relevant environment. Unfortunately, the cost of suture anchors can be a practice repetition-limiting factor in learning arthroscopic knot-tying techniques. We describe a technique for creating inexpensive reusable suture anchors and provide an example of their application to repair the anterior glenoid labrum during an arthroscopy psychomotor skills laboratory training session.

  10. Sequential selective same-day suture removal in the management of post-keratoplasty astigmatism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fares, U; Mokashi, A A; Elalfy, M S; Dua, H S

    2013-01-01

    In a previous study, we proposed that corneal topography performed 30-40 min after the initial suture removal can identify the next set of sutures requiring removal, for the treatment of post-keratoplasty astigmatism...

  11. Brief communication: age and fractal dimensions of human sagittal and coronal sutures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynnerup, Niels; Jacobsen, Jens Christian Brings

    2003-01-01

    The fractal dimensions of human sagittal and coronal sutures were calculated on 31 complete skulls from the Terry Collection. The aim was to investigate whether the fractal dimension, relying on the whole sutural length, might yield a better description of age-related changes in sutural morphology...... display an age-related development, but that it is impossible to arrive at any precise age determinations for older adults. It seems that for some individuals, suture obliteration simply does not take place, even at an advanced age, whereas for others, suture obliteration progresses rapidly. Until...... a better understanding of sutural biology is reached, this will render cranial sutures only marginally useful in age determination. This does not mean, however, that investigations should not be made to elucidate more unbiased methods of sutural morphology quantification....

  12. Achondroplasia with multiple-suture craniosynostosis: a report of a new case of this rare association

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bessenyei, Beáta; Nagy, Andrea; Balogh, Erzsébet; Novák, László; Bognár, László; Knegt, Alida C.; Oláh, Eva

    2013-01-01

    We report on a female patient with an exceedingly rare combination of achondroplasia and multiple-suture craniosynostosis. Besides the specific features of achondroplasia, synostosis of the metopic, coronal, lambdoid, and squamosal sutures was found. Series of neurosurgical interventions were

  13. Absorbable Polydioxanone (PDS) suture provides fewer wound complications than polyester (ethibond) suture in acute Tendo-Achilles rupture repair

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Baig, M N

    2017-05-01

    We prospectively studied acute Achilles tendon rupture in patients over a two 2-year period and reviewed the causes, outcome and complications. There were 53 patients included with acute Achilles rupture with minimum follow up period of 6 months. We compared the outcomes including infection rate and Boyden score between the two groups repaired by Polydioxanone and Polyester respectively. All infected cases had a suture repair using the polyester suture. The difference in the infection rate was highly significant between the 2 groups (p=0.001). All 34 patients (100%) in the PDS group had good \\/ excellent results based on the Boyden clinical assessment. Conversely, only 16 patients 9(68.4%) had good or excellent results IN Polyester repair group. Patients treated with a non- absorbable suture (ethibond) material for repair had a higher incidence infection and worse Boyden scores than the absorbable PDS group.

  14. Medial grasping sutures significantly improve load to failure of the rotator cuff suture bridge repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awwad, George E; Eng, Kevin; Bain, Gregory I; McGuire, Duncan; Jones, Claire F

    2014-05-01

    The suture bridge (SB) transosseous-equivalent rotator cuff repair reduces re-tear rates compared with single-row or other double-row constructs. However, failure rates continue to be high, especially in large and massive tears. The aim of this study was to assess the biomechanical performance of a new SB repair with use of a medial grasping suture compared with the traditional SB repair. Seven matched pairs of sheep infraspinatus tendons were randomly assigned to either SB or suture bridge with grasping suture (SBGS) repair. Each construct was subjected to cyclic loading and then loaded until failure under displacement control in a materials testing machine. Footprint displacement, ultimate load to failure, and mode of failure were assessed. The rotator cuff footprint displacement was less during tensile loading with the addition of the medial grasping suture. The ultimate load to failure was significantly greater for the SBGS repair group than for the SB repair group (334.0 N vs 79.8 N). The mode of failure was the tendon pulling off the footprint in all cases (type 1 tear). There were no failures in which the tendon tore at the medial row of anchors, leaving part of the tendon still on the footprint (type 2 tear). The addition of a medial grasping suture significantly improved the ultimate load to failure and reduced the footprint displacement of the SB rotator cuff repair in a biomechanical model. Copyright © 2014 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Biomechanical Comparison of Modified Suture Bridge Using Rip-Stop versus Traditional Suture Bridge for Rotator Cuff Repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZiYing Wu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To compare the biomechanical properties of 3 suture-bridge techniques for rotator cuff repair. Methods. Twelve pair-matched fresh-frozen shoulder specimens were randomized to 3 groups of different repair types: the medially Knotted Suture Bridge (KSB, the medially Untied Suture Bridge (USB, and the Modified Suture Bridge (MSB. Cyclic loading and load-to-failure test were performed. Parameters of elongation, stiffness, load at failure, and mode of failure were recorded. Results. The MSB technique had the significantly greatest load to failure (515.6±78.0 N, P=0.04 for KSB group; P<0.001 for USB group, stiffness (58.0±10.7 N/mm, P=0.005 for KSB group; P<0.001 for USB group, and lowest elongation (1.49±0.39 mm, P=0.009 for KSB group; P=0.001 for USB group among 3 groups. The KSB repair had significantly higher ultimate load (443.5±65.0 N than USB repair (363.5±52.3 N, P=0.024. However, there was no statistical difference in stiffness and elongation between KSB and USB technique (P=0.396 for stiffness and P=0.242 for elongation, resp.. The failure mode for all specimens was suture pulling through the cuff tendon. Conclusions. Our modified suture bridge technique (MSB may provide enhanced biomechanical properties when compared with medially knotted or knotless repair. Clinical Relevance. Our modified technique may represent a promising alternative in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

  16. How do absorbable sutures absorb? A prospective double-blind randomized clinical study of tissue reaction to polyglactin 910 sutures in human skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartmill, Barry T; Parham, David M; Strike, Paul W; Griffiths, Liz; Parkin, Ben

    2014-12-01

    To compare the tissue reaction produced by 2 gauges of implanted polyglactin 910(Vicryl) suture material in human skin. A prospective, double masked, parallel randomized IRB approved clinical trial. Consecutive patients with involutional entropion and horizontal eyelid laxity were randomly allocated to 5/0 or 7/0 gauge test suture groups. Symptoms were alleviated during the wait for definitive surgery by placement of eyelid everting sutures. After 28 days, surgical entropion correction including eyelid wedge excision was achieved. Histological analysis was carried out, masked to the suture gauge used, on the excised eyelid containing one of the temporary everting sutures. Both patient and analyst were masked to the suture group. The four primary outcome measurements were granuloma outer diameter, central cellular diameter, giant cell number and area of fibrous coat and a statistical comparison made between suture gauge groups. 21 patients were allocated to each group, and histological analysis was possible in 36 patients. Significant suture-related granulomatous inflammatory reactions were found in all specimens. Medians of the measurements for 5/0 and 7/0 gauge sutures, respectively, were 0.855 mm versus 0.387 mm granuloma outer diameter (p = 0.0001); 0.464 mm versus 0.250 mm central cellular element diameter (p = 0.0003); 0.194 mm(2) versus 0.053 mm(2) fibrous coat area (p = 0.0009) and 0.8 versus 1.2 giant cell number (p = 0.7511). Polyglycolic acid sutures elicit a significant foreign body inflammatory response proportional to suture gauge. This reaction may be minimized by early suture removal. The study validates a novel and ethical approach to the examination of human skin response to implanted suture material.

  17. A Pentagram Suture Technique for Closing Tumor Resection Sites in the Face

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumine, Hajime; Takeuchi, Masaki; Mori, Satoko; Sakurai, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    Background: Resection of facial skin tumors aims to remove the tumors completely and make the surgical scar unnoticeable as much as possible. By improving the purse string suture method, we developed a new pentagram suture technique that enables simple and safe suturing of small to large defects with early satisfactory esthetic outcomes. The surgical outcomes of a case series were examined in this report. Methods: As in drawing a unicursal star, 5 suture sites were marked at specific interval...

  18. Use of tissue adhesives versus sutures on minor surgery for incision closure: randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Barros da Silva Pinto de Oliveira, Diogo

    2016-01-01

    Sutures, staples and adhesive tapes have been used for many years as methods of wound closure, but tissue adhesives have entered clinical practice more recently Closure of wounds with sutures enables the closure to be meticulous, but the sutures may show tissue reactivity and can require removal. Tissue adhesives offer the advantages of an absence of risk of needlestick injury and no requirement to remove sutures later. Initially, tissue adhesives were used primarily in emergency room setting...

  19. Suture Fixation Using Polyblend Polyethylene Sutures With Hydroxyapatite Block for an Intra-articular Depression Fracture of the Pisiform Bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, Toshiyuki; Kuriyama, Kohji; Yasui, Yukihiko

    2018-01-19

    Few cases in which open reduction and internal fixation was performed for displaced pisiform fractures have been reported. We present a new surgical technique for the treatment of depressed intra-articular pisiform fractures. First, the depressed fragment was reduced by pushing the bone tamp. Then, the fracture void resulting from the reduction of the depressed fragment was filled with a shaped hydroxyapatite block. Finally, the fragments were sutured using braided polyblend polyethylene sutures. The postoperative radiography could achieve a well-reduced articular facet, and this procedure had a good clinical outcome.

  20. 21 CFR 878.5000 - Nonabsorbable poly(ethylene terephthalate) surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) surgical suture. 878.5000 Section 878.5000 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Devices § 878.5000 Nonabsorbable poly(ethylene terephthalate) surgical suture. (a) Identification. Nonabsorbable poly(ethylene terephthalate) surgical suture is a multifilament, nonabsorbable, sterile, flexible...

  1. Development of a penetration friction apparatus (PFA) to measure the frictional performance of surgical suture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Gangqiang; Ren, Tianhui; Lette, Walter; Zeng, Xiangqiong; van der Heide, Emile

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays there is a wide variety of surgical sutures available in the market. Surgical sutures have different sizes, structures, materials and coatings, whereas they are being used for various surgeries. The frictional performances of surgical sutures have been found to play a vital role in their

  2. Nickel-Titanium Wire as Suture Material: A New Technique for the Fixation of Skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haidong; Song, Tao

    2018-01-29

    To introduce nickel-titanium wire as suture material for closure of incisions in cleft lip procedures. Closure of skin incisions using nickel-titanium wire as suture material, with postoperative follow-up wound evaluation. There was excellent patient satisfaction and good cosmetic outcome. Nickel-titanium wire is an excellent alternative for suture closure of cleft lip surgical incisions.

  3. REACTION OF THE RABBIT CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM TO NYLON SUTURES - A SEM STUDY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    JONGEBLOED, WL; VANDERVEEN, G; KALICHARAN, D; RIJNEVELD, WJ; HOUTMAN, WA; WORST, JGF

    1990-01-01

    Nylon and stainless steel sutures separately placed deeply into rabbit corneas by splitting the stroma for a few millimeters, without closing sutures, remained in the cornea for two, four and six weeks respectively. In contrast to the stainless steel sutures an extensive tissue reaction could be

  4. 21 CFR 878.4494 - Absorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate) surgical suture produced by recombinant DNA technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Absorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate) surgical suture... DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4494 Absorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate) surgical suture produced by recombinant DNA technology. (a) Identification. An absorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate) surgical suture is an...

  5. Omental pedicle transposition and suture repair of peripheral nerve ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the primary epineural repair group or control group (CG), the left sciatic nerve was skeletonized from the sciatic notch till the point of bifurcation. The nerve was transected at the mid shaft of the femoral bone and repaired with six epineural sutures. In the treatment group (TG), the epineural repaired sciatic nerve was ...

  6. Suture Anchor Biomechanics After Rotator Cuff Footprint Decortication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyatt, Adam E; Lavery, Kyle; Mino, Christopher; Dhawan, Aman

    2016-04-01

    To identify the biomechanical consequences of violating the cortical shelf when preparing the greater tuberosity for suture anchor repair. Demographic information and bone mineral density were obtained for 20 fresh-frozen human humeri (10 matched pairs). Suture anchors were placed at a predetermined location in decorticated and non-decorticated settings after randomization. Anchors were tested under cyclic loads followed by load-to-failure testing. The number of cycles, failure mode, stiffness, and final pullout strength were recorded. Nineteen specimens met the inclusion criteria for final testing. A significant difference in mean ultimate load to failure was seen between the non-decorticated specimens (244.04 ± 89.06 N/mm) and the decorticated humeri (62.84 ± 38.04 N/mm, P suture anchor. Gender and bone mineral density also play a significant role in bone-anchor biomechanics and should be considered during repair. Caution should be exercised when preparing the rotator cuff footprint before suture anchor placement because of the significant risk of early repair failure at the bone-anchor interface. Copyright © 2016 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Comparison of Subcuticular Suture Materials in Cesarean Skin Closure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pınar Solmaz Hasdemir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Comparison of the rate of wound complications, pain, and patient satisfaction based on used subcuticular suture material. Methods. A total of 250 consecutive women undergoing primary and repeat cesarean section with low transverse incision were prospectively included. The primary outcome was wound complication rate including infection, dehiscence, hematoma, and hypertrophic scar formation within a 6-week period after operation. Secondary outcomes were skin closure time, the need for use of additional analgesic agent, pain score on numeric rating scale, cosmetic score, and patient scar satisfaction scale. Results. Absorbable polyglactin was used in 108 patients and nonabsorbable polypropylene was used in 142 patients. Wound complication rates were similar in primary and repeat cesarean groups based on the type of suture material. Skin closure time is longer in nonabsorbable suture material group in both primary and repeat cesarean groups. There was no difference between groups in terms of postoperative pain, need for additional analgesic use, late phase pain, and itching at the scar. Although the cosmetic results tended to be better in the nonabsorbable group in primary surgery patients, there was no significant difference in the visual satisfaction of the patients. Conclusions. Absorbable and nonabsorbable suture materials are comparable in cesarean section operation skin closure.

  8. END-TO-SIDE NERVE SUTURE - A TECHNIQUE TO REPAIR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    End-to-side nerve suture (ETSNS) has until recently been extensively researched in the laboratory animal (rat and baboon). Lateral sprouting from an intact nerve into an attached nerve does occi.rr, and functional recovery (sensory and motor) has been demonstrated. We have demonstrated conclusively that ETSNS in the ...

  9. Bone Suture in Management of Mandibular Degloving Injury ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this article, the author describes the mandibular degloving injury, characterized by the separation of periosteum and soft tissues of the anterior buccal side of the mandible, and the bone suture technique. This article outlines that a correct diagnostic assessment and appropriate treatment plan can reduce the complications ...

  10. The malament suture: any role in transvesical prostatectomy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: We evaluated the role of the Malament suture in the development of bladder neck stenosis and in reducing transfusion requirements following transvesical prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Methodology: This was a retrospective study done at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, a tertiary health ...

  11. MERSILENE (POLYESTER), A NEW SUTURE FOR PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    RAMSELAAR, JAM; BEEKHUIS, WH; RIJNEVELD, WJ; VANANDEL, MV; DIJK, F; JONGEBLOED, WL

    1992-01-01

    Mersilene (polyester monofilament) seems to be suitable for penetrating keratoplasty because it is strong, shows no degradation by ultraviolet light, is insoluble, so that it can be left in situ, and offers the possibility of regulating postoperative astigmatism by suture adjustment. In 12 patients

  12. Outcome of strabismus surgery by nonadjustable suture among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To describe the outcome and safety of surgical treatment of Saudi adult patients with strabismus by nonadjustable suture and to evaluate the prevalence of diplopia and binocularity after strabismus correction. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of 96 patients above the age of ...

  13. The frictional behaviour of surgical suture interacting with skin substistute

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Gangqiang

    2017-01-01

    Surgical sutures are essential for the re-approaching of divided tissues, for the ligation of the cut ends of vessels, and play a significant role in wound repair by providing support to healing tissues. Frictional behaviour is one important part of the physical and handling characteristics and knot

  14. Stress-Softening and Residual Strain Effects in Suture Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Elías-Zúñiga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on the experimental characterization of suture material samples of MonoPlus, Monosyn, polyglycolic acid, polydioxanone 2–0, polydioxanone 4–0, poly(glycolide-co-epsilon-caprolactone, nylon, and polypropylene when subjected to cyclic loading and unloading conditions. It is found that all tested suture materials exhibit stress-softening and residual strain effects related to the microstructural material damage upon deformation from the natural, undistorted state of the virgin suture material. To predict experimental observations, a new constitutive material model that takes into account stress-softening and residual strain effects is developed. The basis of this model is the inclusion of a phenomenological nonmonotonous softening function that depends on the strain intensity between loading and unloading cycles. The theory is illustrated by modifying the non-Gaussian average-stretch, full-network model to capture stress-softening and residual strains by using pseudoelasticity concepts. It is shown that results obtained from theoretical simulations compare well with suture material experimental data.

  15. Penile torsion correction by diagonal corporal plication sutures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brent W. Snow

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Penile torsion is commonly encountered. It can be caused by skin and dartos adherence or Buck’s fascia attachments. The authors suggest a new surgical approach to solve both problems. If Buck’s fascia involvement is demonstrated by artificial erection then a new diagonal corporal plication suture is described to effectively solve this problem.

  16. Single-suture scleral fixation of subluxated foldable intraocular lenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarangumeli, Alper; Alp, Mehmet Numan; Kural, Gulcan

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the results of single-suture scleral fixation of subluxated foldable intraocular lenses (IOL) in eyes with sufficient residual capsular support. The results of IOL repositioning by single-suture scleral fixation in 6 eyes of 6 patients with IOL subluxation were included. All subluxated IOLs were single-piece hydrophilic acrylic. Subluxation resulted from posterior capsule tears in 3 eyes, zonular dialyses in 2 eyes, and zonular dialysis with a capsulorhexis tear in 1 eye. A similar technique was used in all eyes in which one haptic was externalized through a superior clear corneal incision and tied with a Pair-PAK 10-0 polypropylene suture, and was finally retracted and fixated behind the iris close to the ciliary sulcus at the 12:00 meridian. All patients were followed up for at least 6 months. Best-corrected visual acuities ranged between finger counting and 20/70 (mean logMAR 1.02±0.64) preoperatively, and between 20/100 and 20/20 (mean logMAR 0.22±0.26) at the final postoperative visit. All IOLs remained centered and no significant postoperative complications were encountered except for an IOL tilt which resulted in a considerable oblique astigmatism in one eye. Subluxated foldable IOLs may safely be repositioned and secured with a single scleral fixation suture in selected cases with adequate amount of capsular remnants.

  17. Polymeric Medical Sutures: An Exploration of Polymers and Green Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knutson, Cassandra M.; Schneiderman, Deborah K.; Yu, Ming; Javner, Cassidy H.; Distefano, Mark D.; Wissinger, Jane E.

    2017-01-01

    With new K-12 national science standards emerging, there is an increased need for experiments that integrate engineering into the context of society. Here we describe a chemistry experiment that combines science and engineering principles while introducing basic polymer and green chemistry concepts. Using medical sutures as a platform for…

  18. Late Cretaceous evolution of the northern Sistan suture zone ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and kinematic environments, particularly trans- pressive and extensional regime, such as in ..... pressional and dextral strike-slip movement at least in the later episodes of intrusion, when ... Possible kinematics at the eastern boundary of the Sistan suture zone; (c) for a slip vector perpendicular to the boundary and pure ...

  19. Sterilization effects on tensile strength of non-conventional suture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An experiment was carried out to determine the tensile strength of embroidery, braiding, cobbler's thread and nylon mono-filament fishing line (NMFL) use as non-conventional suture material. Their tensile strength were determined pre- sterilization using various calibrated weights (50gm, 100gm, 500gm).

  20. non absorbable sutures in the urinary bladder resulting in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    contain components such as calcium, ammonium, phosphate, oxalate, and uric acid. These components mostly exist as mixtures. The bladder stone in our patient was made of carbonate, i.e., apatite, which is not uncommon. We report a case of bladder calculi formed around suture material following colposuspension.

  1. Suture associated corneal abscess three years after cataract surgery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. We describe a case of corneal abscess presenting three years after uneventful cataract extraction with posterior chamber lens implantation through a limbal incision secured with threesutures placed in the clear cornea. After removing the abscess, a loose10/0 nylon suture was found at the base of an ulcer.

  2. [Induced astigmatism after corneal suture removal after cataract surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loriaut, P; Kaswin, G; Rousseau, A; Meziani, L; M'nafek, N; Pogorzalek, N; Labetoulle, M

    2014-03-01

    To evaluate the time until astigmatic stabilization after corneal suture removal after cataract surgery. A prospective study was performed on 13 patients who had undergone cataract surgery by phacoemulsification with 2.4mm incision, for whom it was felt necessary to remove a corneal suture. A specular corneal topography was performed by OPD Scan before removal, immediately after, then 10, 20, 30 minutes and 15 days later. For each acquisition, the keratometric readings at the steepest (Kmax) and the flattest (Kmin) meridians (central at 1.15 mm from corneal center, intermediate at 2.30 mm and peripheral at 3.30 mm) and the amount of corneal astigmatism were measured. Corneal topography of 13 patients was acquired. Mean age was 70 ± 12 years. Mean time after cataract surgery was 23 ± 14 days. The greatest change in Kmax occurred within the first minutes following suture removal for the central and intermediate cornea (mean variation of -4.38% and -4.59% of initial Kmax respectively, i.e. -2.04 D ± 3.14 D et -2.15 D ± 3.11 D) whereas it was observed between 0 and 10 minutes for the peripheral area (mean 1.57% of Kmax after suture removal i.e. 0.96 D ± 1.85 D). Mean change in corneal astigmatism between 30 minutes and day 15 was 0.08 D ± 0.31 D (3.6% of baseline). When suture removal was performed between 7 and 10 days postoperatively, mean change was 0.16 D ± 0.24 D, whereas it was 0.03 D ± 0.34 D when performed after four weeks. Keratometric readings vary only slightly beyond the first 30 minutes after suture removal. These results suggest that the refraction could be accurately measured the same day as suture removal, with no additional follow-up absolutely necessary in order to prescribe the final spectacles. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Novel Coating of Surgical Suture Confers Antimicrobial Activity Against Porphyromonas gingivalis and Enterococcus faecalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meghil, Mohamed M; Rueggeberg, Frederick; El-Awady, Ahmed; Miles, Brodie; Tay, Franklin; Pashley, David; Cutler, Christopher W

    2015-06-01

    The oral cavity is colonized by >10(9) bacteria, many of which can increase heart disease risk when seeded into the bloodstream. Most dentoalveolar surgeries require the use of surgical sutures. Suture placement and removal can increase the risk of postoperative infection and bacteremia. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a novel quaternary ammonium compound, K21, when coated on different suture materials. The periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis and the endodontic species Enterococcus faecalis were grown to early log phase and inoculated on enriched Brucella blood agar, on which were placed identical lengths of surgical suture (chromic gut, polyester suture, silk, and nylon suture) and control unwaxed dental floss impregnated with K21 at 5%, 10%, 20%, and 25% volume/volume in ethanol vehicle. Controls included the following: 1) sutures treated with vehicle; 2) untreated sutures; and 3) unwaxed floss. Zones of inhibition in millimeters were measured at five randomized sites per suture/floss for each concentration and material used. Mean ± SD of zones of inhibition were calculated, and analysis of variance (P suture at concentrations ranging from 5% to 25%, depending on the type of suture, have antimicrobial activity for P. gingivalis and E. faecalis. Nylon suture coated with K21 at 5%, 10%, 20%, and 25% resulted in zones ranging from 3 to 11 mm. Polyester suture was more effective at lower K21 concentrations with 5% (P = 0.0031), 10% (P = 0.0011), and 20% (P = 0.0002), yielding 7.5, 8.3, and 10.5 mm zones of inhibition. K21-coated silk suture yielded significant zones of inhibition at 25% (P sutures have antimicrobial activity for bacterial species of direct relevance to postoperative infection and bacteremia.

  4. Suture-Only Repair Versus Suture Anchor-Augmented Repair for Achilles Tendon Ruptures With a Short Distal Stump: A Biomechanical Comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boin, Michael A; Dorweiler, Matthew A; McMellen, Christopher J; Gould, Gregory C; Laughlin, Richard T

    2017-01-01

    Chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinosis can result in an acute Achilles tendon rupture with a short distal stump. In such tendon ruptures, there is a limited amount of adequate tissue that can hold suture, thus presenting a challenge for surgeons who elect to treat the rupture operatively. Adding suture anchors to the repair construct may result in biomechanically stronger repairs compared with a suture-only technique. Controlled laboratory study. Nine paired Achilles-calcaneus complexes were harvested from cadavers. An artificial Achilles rupture was created 2 cm proximal to the insertion on the calcaneus. One specimen from each cadaver was assigned to a suture-only or a suture anchor-augmented repair. The contralateral specimen of the same cadaver received the opposing repair. Cyclic testing was then performed at 10 to 100 N for 2000 cycles, and load-to-failure testing was performed at 0.2 mm/s. This was followed by analysis of repair displacement, gapping at repair site, peak load to failure, and failure mode. The suture anchor-augmented repair exhibited a 116% lower displacement compared with the suture-only repair (mean ± SD, 1.54 ± 1.13 vs 3.33 ± 1.47 mm, respectively; P suture anchor-augmented repair also exhibited a 45% greater load to failure compared with the suture-only repair (303.50 ± 102.81 vs 209.09 ± 48.12 N, respectively; P Suture anchor-augmented repairs performed on acute Achilles tendon ruptures with a short distal stump are biomechanically stronger than suture-only repairs. Our results support the use of suture anchor-augmented repairs for a biomechanically stronger construct in Achilles tendon ruptures with a short distal stump. Biomechanically stronger repairs may lead to less tendon repair gapping and failure, increasing the ability to start early active rehabilitation protocols and thus improving patient outcomes.

  5. Unravelling the molecular control of calvarial suture fusion in children with craniosynostosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morris C Phillip

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of calvarial sutures, is a common craniofacial abnormality. Causative mutations in more than 10 genes have been identified, involving fibroblast growth factor, transforming growth factor beta, and Eph/ephrin signalling pathways. Mutations affect each human calvarial suture (coronal, sagittal, metopic, and lambdoid differently, suggesting different gene expression patterns exist in each human suture. To better understand the molecular control of human suture morphogenesis we used microarray analysis to identify genes differentially expressed during suture fusion in children with craniosynostosis. Expression differences were also analysed between each unfused suture type, between sutures from syndromic and non-syndromic craniosynostosis patients, and between unfused sutures from individuals with and without craniosynostosis. Results We identified genes with increased expression in unfused sutures compared to fusing/fused sutures that may be pivotal to the maintenance of suture patency or in controlling early osteoblast differentiation (i.e. RBP4, GPC3, C1QTNF3, IL11RA, PTN, POSTN. In addition, we have identified genes with increased expression in fusing/fused suture tissue that we suggest could have a role in premature suture fusion (i.e. WIF1, ANXA3, CYFIP2. Proteins of two of these genes, glypican 3 and retinol binding protein 4, were investigated by immunohistochemistry and localised to the suture mesenchyme and osteogenic fronts of developing human calvaria, respectively, suggesting novel roles for these proteins in the maintenance of suture patency or in controlling early osteoblast differentiation. We show that there is limited difference in whole genome expression between sutures isolated from patients with syndromic and non-syndromic craniosynostosis and confirmed this by quantitative RT-PCR. Furthermore, distinct expression profiles for each unfused suture type were noted, with

  6. Cadaveric Nerve and Artery Proximity to Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation Sutures Placed by a Suture-Capturing Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katrikh, Aaron Z; Ettarh, Rajuno; Kahn, Margie A

    2017-11-01

    To simulate sacrospinous ligament fixation on cadaveric specimens, describe the surrounding retroperitoneal anatomy, and estimate the risk to nerves and arteries for the purposes of optimizing safe suture placement. Sacrospinous ligament fixation was performed on eight fresh-tissue female cadavers using a Capio ligature capture device. Distances from placed sutures to the following structures were measured: ischial spine; fourth sacral root; pudendal nerve; the nerve to coccygeus muscle; the nerve to levator ani muscle; inferior gluteal artery; and internal pudendal artery. Periligamentous anatomy was examined in an additional 17 embalmed cadaver dissections. Sacrospinous ligament length was not seen to differ significantly between sides. The fourth sacral spinal nerve was seen most commonly associated with the medial third of the ligament, whereas the pudendal nerve and the nerves to coccygeus and levator ani muscles were associated with the lateral third. The inferior gluteal artery was seen leaving the greater sciatic foramen a median 15.8 mm (range 1.8-48.0, CI 14.9-22.3) above the ligament, whereas the internal pudendal artery exited just above the ischial spine. The two sets of sutures were placed 20.5 mm (range 9.2-34.4, CI 19.7-24.7) and 24.8 mm (range 12.4-46.2, CI 24.0-30.0) medial to the ischial spine, respectively. No structures were directly damaged by placed sutures. The nerves to coccygeus and levator ani were closest and arteries farthest from the placed sutures. The middle segment of the sacrospinous ligament has the lowest incidence of nerves and arteries associated with it. This study confirms that the nerves supplying the pelvic floor muscles are at a higher risk from entrapment than the pudendal nerve.

  7. Development of a penetration friction apparatus (PFA) to measure the frictional performance of surgical suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Gangqiang; Ren, Tianhui; Lette, Walter; Zeng, Xiangqiong; van der Heide, Emile

    2017-10-01

    Nowadays there is a wide variety of surgical sutures available in the market. Surgical sutures have different sizes, structures, materials and coatings, whereas they are being used for various surgeries. The frictional performances of surgical sutures have been found to play a vital role in their functionality. The high friction force of surgical sutures in the suturing process may cause inflammation and pain to the person, leading to a longer recovery time, and the second trauma of soft or fragile tissue. Thus, the investigation into the frictional performance of surgical suture is essential. Despite the unquestionable fact, little is actually known on the friction performances of surgical suture-tissue due to the lack of appropriate test equipment. This study presents a new penetration friction apparatus (PFA) that allowed for the evaluation of the friction performances of various surgical needles and sutures during the suturing process, under different contact conditions. It considered the deformation of tissue and can realize the puncture force measurements of surgical needles as well as the friction force of surgical sutures. The developed PFA could accurately evaluate and understand the frictional behaviour of surgical suture-tissue in the simulating clinical conditions. The forces measured by the PFA showed the same trend as that reported in literatures. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Surgical suture assembled with polymeric drug-delivery sheet for sustained, local pain relief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji Eun; Park, Subin; Park, Min; Kim, Myung Hun; Park, Chun Gwon; Lee, Seung Ho; Choi, Sung Yoon; Kim, Byung Hwi; Park, Hyo Jin; Park, Ji-Ho; Heo, Chan Yeong; Choy, Young Bin

    2013-09-01

    Surgical suture is a strand of biocompatible material designed for wound closure, and therefore can be a medical device potentially suitable for local drug delivery to treat pain at the surgical site. However, the preparation methods previously introduced for drug-delivery sutures adversely influenced the mechanical strength of the suture itself - strength that is essential for successful wound closure. Thus, it is not easy to control drug delivery with sutures, and the drug-delivery surgical sutures available for clinical use are now limited to anti-infection roles. Here, we demonstrate a surgical suture enabled to provide controlled delivery of a pain-relief drug and, more importantly, we demonstrate how it can be fabricated to maintain the mechanical strength of the suture itself. For this purpose, we separately prepare a drug-delivery sheet composed of a biocompatible polymer and a pain-relief drug, which is then physically assembled with a type of surgical suture that is already in clinical use. In this way, the drug release profiles can be tailored for the period of therapeutic need by modifying only the drug-loaded polymer sheet without adversely influencing the mechanical strength of the suture. The drug-delivery sutures in this work can effectively relieve the pain at the surgical site in a sustained manner during the period of wound healing, while showing biocompatibility and mechanical properties comparable to those of the original surgical suture in clinical use. Copyright © 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Suture choice matters in rabbit model of laparoscopic, preperitoneal, inguinal hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Katherine B; Krpata, David M; Blatnik, Jeffrey A; Ponsky, Todd A

    2014-06-01

    We evaluated the effect of different suture materials in a laparoscopic preperitoneal ligation of the patent processus vaginalis in a rabbit survival model. New Zealand White rabbits underwent laparoscopic assisted preperitoneal ligation of the patent processus vaginalis. The processus vaginalis was closed with silk (n=10), polyglactin 910 (Vicryl(®); Ethicon, a Johnson & Johnson Company, Somerville, NJ) (n=10), or polypropylene (Prolene(®); Ethicon) (n=10). At necropsy, the suture was removed, and repair integrity was evaluated. All rabbits survived to necropsy without complications. No suture material was identified during necropsy of the Vicryl group. Eight (80%) of the Vicryl closures failed, with six (60%) failing at initial inspection. Following removal of suture material, nine (90%) of the Prolene closures failed, and only one (10%) of the silk closures failed (P=.009). The silk suture resulted in an improved closure rate. Ligation with silk suture probably incited an increased inflammatory response that likely created a scar while persisting long enough for the scar to become established. In contrast, the Vicryl sutures probably failed because the sutures dissolved before a scar was able to fully develop. Finally, the Prolene closures were suture dependent as evidenced by failure when the suture was removed. Nonabsorbable braided suture may improve closure of pediatric indirect inguinal hernias during laparoscopic-assisted preperitoneal ligation.

  10. Effect of re-sterilization of surgical sutures by ethylene oxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaraja, Prem Anand; Shetty, Devi

    2007-01-01

    Surgical suture packs are opened (and external packaging removed) on the operating table prior to surgery. Some of these suture packs may not be used in the surgery for reasons of inappropriateness or change in the surgical technique or following accidental contact with a non-sterile surface. These unused sutures with their foil packs still unopened are sometimes re-sterilized using ethylene oxide to allow for reuse. This re-sterilization of unopened suture packs can be contentious, due to legislation and health regulations in developed countries. The purpose of the present paper was to measure the effect of such repeated gas sterilization on sutures. The knot tensile strength was measured for new sterile sutures and ethylene oxide re-sterilized sutures. The tests were conducted on two available brands of sutures, including both absorbable and non-absorbable synthetic sutures. No statistically significant difference was observed in the tensile strengths between the two sets of sutures, before and after re-sterilization. Some foil packs showed slight crimping after re-sterilization, but remained intact. No humidity was observed inside the foil packs. Re-sterilization of unused suture foil packs can be carried out without loss of tensile strength.

  11. Novel insights into the composition and function of the Toxoplasma IMC sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Allan L; Moon, Andy S; Bell, Hannah N; Huang, Amy S; Vashisht, Ajay A; Toh, Justin Y; Lin, Andrew H; Nadipuram, Santhosh M; Kim, Elliot W; Choi, Charles P; Wohlschlegel, James A; Bradley, Peter J

    2017-04-01

    The Toxoplasma inner membrane complex (IMC) is a specialized organelle underlying the parasite's plasma membrane that consists of flattened rectangular membrane sacs that are sutured together and positioned atop a supportive cytoskeleton. We have previously identified a novel class of proteins localizing to the transverse and longitudinal sutures of the IMC, which we named IMC sutures components (ISCs). Here, we have used proximity-dependent biotin identification at the sutures to better define the composition of this IMC subcompartment. Using ISC4 as bait, we demonstrate biotin-dependent labeling of the sutures and have uncovered two new ISCs. We also identified five new proteins that exclusively localize to the transverse sutures that we named transverse sutures components (TSCs), demonstrating that components of the IMC sutures consist of two groups: those that localize to the transverse and longitudinal sutures (ISCs) and those residing only in the transverse sutures (TSCs). In addition, we functionally analyze the ISC protein ISC3 and demonstrate that ISC3-null parasites have morphological defects and reduced fitness in vitro. Most importantly, Δisc3 parasites exhibit a complete loss of virulence in vivo. These studies expand the known composition of the IMC sutures and highlight the contribution of ISCs to the ability of the parasite to proliferate and cause disease. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Timing of ectocranial suture activity in Gorilla gorilla as related to cranial volume and dental eruption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cray, James; Cooper, Gregory M; Mooney, Mark P; Siegel, Michael I

    2011-05-01

    Research has shown that Pan and Homo have similar ectocranial suture synostosis patterns and a similar suture ontogeny (relative timing of suture fusion during the species ontogeny). This ontogeny includes patency during and after neurocranial expansion with a delayed bony response associated with adaptation to biomechanical forces generated by mastication. Here we investigate these relationships for Gorilla by examining the association among ectocranial suture morphology, cranial volume (as a proxy for neurocranial expansion) and dental development (as a proxy for the length of time that it has been masticating hard foods and exerting such strains on the cranial vault) in a large sample of Gorilla gorilla skulls. Two-hundred and fifty-five Gorilla gorilla skulls were examined for ectocranial suture closure status, cranial volume and dental eruption. Regression models were calculated for cranial volumes by suture activity, and Kendall's tau (a non-parametric measure of association) was calculated for dental eruption status by suture activity. Results suggest that, as reported for Pan and Homo, neurocranial expansion precedes suture synostosis activity. Here, Gorilla was shown to have a strong relationship between dental development and suture activity (synostosis). These data are suggestive of suture fusion extending further into ontogeny than brain expansion, similar to Homo and Pan. This finding allows for the possibility that masticatory forces influence ectocranial suture morphology. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Anatomy © 2011 Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

  13. Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using a triple-loaded suture anchor and a modified Mason-Allen technique (Alex stitch).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castagna, Alessandro; Garofalo, Raffaele; Conti, Marco; Borroni, Mario; Snyder, Stephen J

    2007-04-01

    Surgical repair of the rotator cuff must have good resistance and should restore the tendon footprint. To attain this goal, a stitch with a strong biomechanical profile that avoids tissue strangulation should be used. We describe an arthroscopic suture technique undertaken to repair rotator cuff tears with a single triple-loaded suture anchor. The technique consists of a combination of a horizontal mattress and 2 vertical simple sutures that are positioned medial to the mattress suture. The suture anchor used is the 5-mm self-tapping ThRevo (Linvatec). This anchor is loaded with 3 sutures: 2 No. 2 nonabsorbable braided polyester sutures of different colors and a central high-strength No. 2 polyethylene suture. The shape of the anchor eyelet permits all 3 sutures to glide freely. A modified Mason-Allen technique (Alex stitch) that combines a horizontal side-to-side suture and 2 simples sutures as vertical loops is used. With use of the Spectrum suture passing device and shuttle relay system (Linvatec), both limbs of the centrally located polyethylene suture are passed through the cuff from bottom to top, approximately 1 cm from the tendon edge. This suture is not immediately tied. Next, with use of the same system, the other 2 sutures are placed medially and over the previous horizontal suture. Simple sutures are placed at an approximately 30 degrees angle from the center of the anchor; 1 is placed anterior and the other posterior. The sutures are tied through the lateral portal. The mattress horizontal central stitch is always tied first, followed by the 2 vertical sutures. The horizontal mattress suture serves as a "rip stop stitch" and theoretically reduces the possibility of cutting out of the simple sutures.

  14. Changes in biomechanical strain and morphology of rat calvarial sutures and bone after Tgf-β3 inhibition of posterior interfrontal suture fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibazaki-Yorozuya, Reiko; Wang, Qian; Dechow, Paul C; Maki, Koutaro; Opperman, Lynne A

    2012-06-01

    Craniofacial sutures are bone growth fronts that respond and adapt to biomechanical environments. Little is known of the role sutures play in regulating the skull biomechanical environment during patency and fusion conditions, especially how delayed or premature suture fusion will impact skull biomechanics. Tgf-β3 has been shown to prevent or delay suture fusion over the short term in rat skulls, yet the long-term patency or its consequences in treated sutures is not known. It was therefore hypothesized that Tgf-β3 had a long-term impact to prevent suture fusion and thus alter the skull biomechanics. In this study, collagen gels containing 3 ng Tgf-β3 were surgically placed superficial to the posterior interfrontal suture (IFS) and deep to the periosteum in postnatal day 9 (P9) rats. At P9, P24, and P70, biting forces and strains over left parietal bone, posterior IFS, and sagittal suture were measured with masticatory muscles bilaterally stimulated, after which the rats were sacrificed and suture patency analyzed histologically. Results demonstrated that Tgf-β3 treated sutures showed less fusion over time than control groups, and strain patterns in the skulls of the Tgf-β3-treated group were different from that of the control group. Although bite force increased with age, no alterations in bite force were attributable to Tgf-β3 treatment. These findings suggest that the continued presence of patent sutures can affect strain patterns, perhaps when higher bite forces are present as in adult animals. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. The effect of suture caliber and number of core suture strands on zone II flexor tendon repair: a study in human cadavers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osei, Daniel A; Stepan, Jeffrey G; Calfee, Ryan P; Thomopoulos, Stavros; Boyer, Martin I; Potter, Ryan; Gelberman, Richard H

    2014-02-01

    To compare the tensile properties of a 3-0, 4-strand flexor tendon repair with a 4-0, 4-strand repair and a 4-0, 8-strand repair. Following evaluation of the intrinsic material properties of the 2 core suture calibers most commonly used in tendon repair (3-0 and 4-0), we tested the mechanical properties of 40 cadaver flexor digitorum profundus tendons after zone II repair with 1 of 3 techniques: a 3-0, 4-strand core repair, a 4-0, 8-strand repair, or a 4-0, 4-strand repair. We compared results across suture caliber for the 2 sutures and across tendon repair methods. Maximum load to failure of 3-0 polyfilament caprolactam suture was 49% greater than that of 4-0 polyfilament caprolactam suture. The cross-sectional area of 3-0 polyfilament caprolactam was 42% greater than that of 4-0 polyfilament caprolactam. The 4-0, 8-strand repair produced greater maximum load to failure when compared with the 2 4-strand techniques. Load at 2-mm gap, stiffness, and work to yield were significantly greater in the 4-0, 8-strand repair than in the 3-0, 4-strand repair. In an ex vivo model, an 8-strand repair using 4-0 suture was 43% stronger than a 4-strand repair using 3-0 suture, despite the finding that 3-0 polyfilament caprolactam was 49% stronger than 4-0 polyfilament caprolactam. These results suggest that, although larger-caliber suture has superior tensile properties, the number of core suture strands across a repair site has an important effect on time zero, ex vivo flexor tendon repair strength. Surgeons should consider using techniques that prioritize multistrand core suture repair over an increase in suture caliber. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. The Effect of Suture Caliber and Number of Core Suture Strands on Zone II Flexor Tendon Repair; A Study in Human Cadavers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osei, Daniel A.; Stepan, Jeffrey G.; Calfee, Ryan P.; Thomopoulos, Stavros; Boyer, Martin I.; Potter, Ryan; Gelberman, Richard H.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To compare the tensile properties of a 3-0, 4-strand flexor tendon repair to a 4-0, 4 strand repair and a 4-0, 8-strand repair. Methods Following evaluation of the intrinsic material properties of the 2 core suture calibers most commonly used in tendon repair (3-0 and 4-0), we tested the mechanical properties of 40 cadaver flexor digitorum profundus tendons after zone II repair with one of 3 techniques: a 3-0, 4-strand core repair, a 4-0, 8-strand repair, or a 4-0, 4-strand repair. We compared results across suture caliber for the 2 sutures and across tendon repair methods. Results Maximum load to failure of 3-0 polyfilament caprolactam suture was 49% greater than that of 4-0 polyfilament caprolactam suture. The cross sectional area of 3-0 Supramid was 42% greater than that of 4-0 Supramid. The 4-0, 8 strand, repair produced greater maximum load to failure when compared to the 2 4-strand techniques. Load at 2 mm gap, stiffness, and work to yield were significantly greater in the 4-0, 8-strand repair when compared to the 3-0, 4-strand repair. Discussion In an ex vivo model, an 8-strand repair using 4-0 suture was 43% stronger than a 4-strand repair using 3-0 suture, despite the finding that 3-0 polyfilament caprolactam was 49% stronger than was 4-0 polyfilament caprolactam. These results suggest that, although larger caliber suture has superior tensile properties, the number of core suture strands across a repair site has an important effect on time zero, ex vivo flexor tendon repair strength. Clinical Relevance Surgeons should consider using techniques that prioritize multi-strand core suture repair over an increase in suture caliber. PMID:24342261

  17. Randomized clinical trial comparing manual suture and different models of mechanical suture in the mimicking of bariatric surgery in swine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandes MA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Marcos AP Fernandes,1 Bruno MT Pereira,2 Sandra M Guimarães,1 Aline Paganelli,3 Carlos Manoel CT Pereira,1 Claudio Sergio Batista4 1Institute of Obesity and Advanced Video Laparoscopic Surgery of Petropolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2Division of Trauma, University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Laboratório de Patologia Micron Cell Diagnóstico, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 4Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine of Petropolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Context and objective: Variations in the ability of surgeons served as motivation for the development of devices that, overcoming individual differences, allow the techniques to be properly performed, and of which the end result was the best possible. Every technique must be reproduced reliably by the majority of surgeons for their results to be adopted and recognized as effective. The aim of this study was to compare the results, from the point of view of anatomic pathology, of manual sutures versus mechanical sutures using different models of linear mechanical staplers, in the procedure of gastroenteroanastomosis and enteroanastomosis in swine. Methods: Thirty-six healthy, adult, male Sus scrofa domesticus pigs, weighing between 20.7 and 25.5 kg, were used. The swine were randomly divided into four groups of nine pigs, according to the type of suture employed: group A, manual suture with Polysorb® 3-0 wire; group B, 80-shear linear stapler (Covidien® Gia 8038-S; group C, 75-shear linear stapler (Ethicon® Tlc 75; and group D, 75-shear linear stapler (Resource® Yq 75-3. A temporal study was established on the seventh postoperative day for histopathological analysis, and the degree of inflammation, fibrosis, and newly formed vessels, as well as the presence or absence of granulation tissue, foreign body granuloma, and necrosis were all evaluated qualitatively and semiquantitatively. The results were analyzed statistically. Results: Observations during the histopathological

  18. Delayed Repair of Infected Ruptured Patellar Tendon using Suture Anchors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himanshu Kataria

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Patellar tendon rupture are rare injuries that are easily missed in acute phases if careful clinical examination is not carried out. The delayed condition is further difficult to treat and augmentation of end to end repair is generally required. However, literature presents no such case of delayed presentation with presence of infection. We here present one such case of delayed presentation of patellar tendon rupture at three weeks in a 52-year-old male patient. Usual techniques were not sufficient to allow early rehabilitation. Technique of suture anchors was planned for repair after thorough debridement. After this intervention, patient was put on aggressive rehabilitation protocol and he gained excellent range of motion. Patient was followed for one year and he showed no loss of movement or signs of infection. We thus recommend using anchor suture repair of patellar tendon that provides a stable and rigid fixation with possibility of early active rehabilitation even in delayed setting.

  19. Bridging Suture Repair for Acetabular Chondral Carpet Delamination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Mitsunori; Hirose, Toshiaki; Yamashita, Toshihiko

    2015-08-01

    Acetabular chondral carpet delamination is a frequent finding at hip arthroscopy. The cartilage is macroscopically normal but deboned from the subchondral bone, without a disruption at the chondrolabral junction. Arthroscopic anatomic repair of delaminated cartilage is challenging. We propose that a combination of microfracture and use of stitches to press the delaminated cartilage against the subchondral bone using a suture limb offers an effective method to provide an environment for cartilage repair. This article describes the technique of bridging suture repair for carpet delamination in detail; the technique enables the surgeon to stabilize the delaminated acetabular cartilage. Intra-articular soft anchors and an acetabular rim knotless anchor footprint provide a stable repair for delaminated cartilage. This technique is especially helpful in cases with acetabular cartilage carpet delamination.

  20. Non phaco suture less cataract extraction through temporal approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junejo, Sameen Afzal; Jatoi, Shafi Muhammad; Khan, Nisar Ahmed

    2009-01-01

    Non Phaco suture less cataract extraction through temporal approach retains most of the advantages of phacoemulsification but can be delivered at lower cost with better visual out come. Extra capsular cataract extraction followed by posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was performed, on 300 eyes of 250 patients. The technique involved was posterior limbal corneal tunnel incision through temporal approach, followed by implantation of PMMA posterior chamber intraocular lens. Visual acuity at the time of discharge, third post operative week and sixth week was recorded. Surgically induced astigmatism was reported. The uncorrected visual acuity at discharge was 6/18 or better in 63.2% eyes. The best corrected visual acuity was 6/9 and better in 96.0% subjects at six weeks. Poor visual outcome (astigmatism, as the corneal incision was given through temporal approach. Suture less manual extra capsular cataract surgery through temporal approach ensures rapid visual recovery with minimum astigmatism against rule.

  1. Suture patterns and corneal graft rotation in the cadaver eye.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, Y K; Mahjoub, S B; Hart, J C

    1990-07-01

    Torque and antitorque running sutures as described by Eisner are commonly used in penetrating keratoplasty. We tested the rotational effect of three different 16-bite running suture patterns on eight cadaver eyes, with the following results: (1) the torque pattern rotates the corneal graft counterclockwise by 0.7 +/- 0.1 mm at the wound or 11 degrees; (2) the antitorque pattern rotates the corneal graft clockwise by 0.7 +/- 0.1 mm at the wound or 11 degrees; (3) an intermediate "no torque" pattern, the bites of which form an isosceles triangle, produces no rotational effect. We recommend the use of a "no torque" pattern to minimize corneal graft rotation.

  2. Arthroscopic Lateral Meniscus Root Repair With Soft Suture Anchor Technique

    OpenAIRE

    Prasathaporn, Niti; Kuptniratsaikul, Somsak; Kongrukgreatiyos, Kitiphong

    2013-01-01

    Meniscus root tear leads to circumferential hoop tension loss and increases femorotibial contact force, which causes irreversible cartilage degeneration. Biomechanical studies have shown that meniscus root repair provides better femorotibial contact force than meniscectomy. Many techniques for meniscus root repair have been published in recent years. The soft suture anchor is widely used in the glenoid labral repair. It is a small low-profile soft anchor. This article presents a new and simpl...

  3. Visual Measurement of Suture Strain for Robotic Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Martell, John; Elmer, Thomas; Gopalsami, Nachappa; Park, Young Soo

    2011-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgical procedures offer advantages of smaller incisions, decreased hospital length of stay, and rapid postoperative recovery to the patient. Surgical robots improve access and visualization intraoperatively and have expanded the indications for minimally invasive procedures. A limitation of the DaVinci surgical robot is a lack of sensory feedback to the operative surgeon. Experienced robotic surgeons use visual interpretation of tissue and suture deformation as a surr...

  4. [Suturing a child's wound, humanising care in the emergency department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potor, Margot; El Kaissi, Mohamed; Massart, Loïc; Alongi, Stephan; Hemelsoet, Nathalie; Thys, Frédéric

    The humanisation of the care pathway constitutes an objective for all caregivers. A visit to the emergency department by a child requiring a suture is a simple and frequent situation which highlights the different stages of the care. Several of these stages can be anticipated in the waiting room, in particular the exchanging of information with the patient and the family, which helps to improve the parent-child-professional relationship. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. Two different suturing techniques in distal hypospadias repair using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    follow-up were excluded from this study. The ages of the patients ranged from 8 to 48 months (mean 13.6±6.9 months). All patients underwent repair using the ... 8–42. 0.276. Mean ± SD. 14.4 ± 6.8. 12.8 ± 7.1. Hypospadias type. Distal penile. 26. 29. 0.315. Coronal. 14. 11. Hypoplastic urethra. 3. 7. 0.155. Suture size. 5/0.

  6. Suture, synthetic, or biologic in contaminated ventral hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondre, Ioana L; Holihan, Julie L; Askenasy, Erik P; Greenberg, Jacob A; Keith, Jerrod N; Martindale, Robert G; Roth, J Scott; Liang, Mike K

    2016-02-01

    Data are lacking to support the choice between suture, synthetic mesh, or biologic matrix in contaminated ventral hernia repair (VHR). We hypothesize that in contaminated VHR, suture repair is associated with the lowest rate of surgical site infection (SSI). A multicenter database of all open VHR performed at from 2010-2011 was reviewed. All patients with follow-up of 1 mo and longer were included. The primary outcome was SSI as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The secondary outcome was hernia recurrence (assessed clinically or radiographically). Multivariate analysis (stepwise regression for SSI and Cox proportional hazard model for recurrence) was performed. A total of 761 VHR were reviewed for a median (range) follow-up of 15 (1-50) mo: there were 291(38%) suture, 303 (40%) low-density and/or mid-density synthetic mesh, and 167(22%) biologic matrix repair. On univariate analysis, there were differences in the three groups including ethnicity, ASA, body mass index, institution, diabetes, primary versus incisional hernia, wound class, hernia size, prior VHR, fascial release, skin flaps, and acute repair. The unadjusted outcomes for SSI (15.1%; 17.8%; 21.0%; P = 0.280) and recurrence (17.8%; 13.5%; 21.5%; P = 0.074) were not statistically different between groups. On multivariate analysis, biologic matrix was associated with a nonsignificant reduction in both SSI and recurrences, whereas synthetic mesh associated with fewer recurrences compared to suture (hazard ratio = 0.60; P = 0.015) and nonsignificant increase in SSI. Interval estimates favored biologic matrix repair in contaminated VHR; however, these results were not statistically significant. In the absence of higher level evidence, surgeons should carefully balance risk, cost, and benefits in managing contaminated ventral hernia repair. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. The mechanical interaction between three geometric types of nylon core suture and a running epitenon suture in repair of porcine flexor tendons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wit, T.; Walbeehm, E.T.; Hovius, S.E.; McGrouther, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    The effect of core suture geometry on the mechanical interaction with the epitenon suture in terms of gap prevention, failure strength and mode of failure was investigated in a flexor tendon repair model. A total of 48 porcine flexor tendons were repaired using three techniques with distinct core

  8. Comparison of bidirectional barbed suture Stratafix and conventional suture with intracorporeal knots in laparoscopic myomectomy by office transvaginal hydrolaparoscopic follow-up: a preliminary report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giampaolino, Pierluigi; De Rosa, Nicoletta; Tommaselli, Giovanni Antonio; Santangelo, Fabrizia; Nappi, Carmine; Sansone, Anna; Bifulco, Giuseppe

    2015-12-01

    To compare surgical outcomes of different types of intracorporeal sutures for laparoscopic posterior myomectomy, by a prospective randomized study. Prospective randomized study on 47 patients with single posterior intramural myoma (4-7cm in diameter) undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy. The patients enrolled were divided into two groups, one operated using conventional suture in double strand, and the other with bidirectional barbed suture Stratafix. The main outcome measures were suturing time, peri-operative variables, and post-operative adhesions in both groups. The mean operative time was shorter with the Stratafix™ than with the conventional suture (66.3±8.2 vs. 73±8min; p=0.005). Suturing time was significantly shorter in the Stratafix™ than in the control group (8.8±2.4 vs. 15.5±2.8min; p=0.001). Intraoperative bleeding was significantly less in the Stratafix group (p=0.0012). Conversely, there was no statistically significant difference for postoperative adhesions between the two groups (26.7% vs. 21.4% p=0.5). The use of barbed suture may reduce operative time, suturing time, and blood loss. No difference in post operative adhesions was found. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. The role of antimicrobial sutures in preventing surgical site infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leaper, D; Wilson, P; Assadian, O; Edmiston, C; Kiernan, M; Miller, A; Bond-Smith, G; Yap, J

    2017-07-01

    INTRODUCTION Healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) are falling following widespread and enforced introduction of guidelines, particularly those that have addressed antibiotic resistant pathogens such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus or emergent pathogens such as Clostridium difficile, but no such decline has been seen in the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI), either in the UK, the EU or the US. SSI is one of the HCAIs, which are all avoidable complications of a surgical patient's pathway through both nosocomial and community care. METHODS This report is based on a meeting held at The Royal College of Surgeons of England on 21 July 2016. Using PubMed, members of the panel reviewed the current use of antiseptics and antimicrobial sutures in their specialties to prevent SSI. FINDINGS The group agreed that wider use of antiseptics in surgical practice may help in reducing reliance on antibiotics in infection prevention and control, especially in the perioperative period of open elective colorectal, hepatobiliary and cardiac operative procedures. The wider use of antiseptics includes preoperative showering, promotion of hand hygiene, (including the appropriate use of surgical gloves), preoperative skin preparation (including management of hair removal), antimicrobial sutures and the management of dehisced surgical wounds after infection. The meeting placed emphasis on the level I evidence that supports the use of antimicrobial sutures, particularly in surgical procedures after which the SSI rate is high (colorectal and hepatobiliary surgery) or when a SSI can be life threatening even when the rate of SSI is low (cardiac surgery).

  10. Traction suture modification to tongue-in-groove caudal septoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indeyeva, Y A; Lee, T S; Gordin, E; Chan, D; Ducic, Y

    2018-02-01

    Caudal septal deviation leads to unfavorable esthetic as well as functional effects on the nasal airway. A modification to the tongue-in-groove (TIG) technique to correct these caudal septal deformities is described. With placement of a temporary suspension suture to the caudal septum, manual traction is applied, assuring that the caudal septum remains in the midline position while it is being secured with multiple through-and-through, trans-columellar and trans-septal sutures. From 2003 to 2016, 148 patients underwent endonasal septoplasty using this modified technique, with excellent functional and cosmetic outcomes and a revision rate of 1.4%. This modified TIG technique replaces the periosteal suture that secures the caudal septum to the midline nasal crest in the original TIG technique. This simplifies the procedure and minimizes the risk of securing the caudal septum off-midline when used in endonasal septoplasty. Copyright © 2017 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Sutured posterior chamber intraocular lenses for traumatic cataract in Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Graeme; Mustak, Hamzah; Hann, Mignon; Steven, David; Cook, Colin

    2014-07-01

    To determine the outcomes of sutured scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs) after trauma in an African population. State hospital and affiliated district hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Case series. A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of patients in whom a sutured PC IOL had been implanted for traumatic aphakia in the preceding 5 years. Eighty-five percent of the 59 patients had a significant improvement in uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) at the final visit. Two-thirds of patients achieved an UDVA of 6/18 or better. Those not improving had severe preexisting macular or corneal pathology. A significant number of patients (28%) with angle recession developed ocular hypertension during the postoperative period. After careful preoperative selection, sutured PC IOLs were effective in the visual rehabilitation of eyes with traumatic subluxated cataract in which the capsular bag could not be retained. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2014 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. A novel postoperative immobilization model for murine Achilles tendon sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibuya, Yoichiro; Takayama, Yuzo; Kushige, Hiroko; Jacinto, Sandra; Sekido, Mitsuru; Kida, Yasuyuki S

    2016-08-01

    The body's motion and function are all in part effected by a vital tissue, the tendon. Tendon injury often results in limited functioning after postoperative procedures and even for a long time after rehabilitation. Although numerous studies have reported surgical procedures using animal models which have contributed to both basic and clinical research, modeling of tendon sutures or postoperative immobilizations has not been performed on small experimental animals, such as mice. In this study we have developed an easy Achilles tendon suture and postoperative ankle fixation model in a mouse. Right Achilles tendons were incised and 10-0 nylons were passed through the proximal and distal ends using a modified Kessler method. Subsequently, the right ankle was immobilized in a plantarflexed position with novel splints, which were made from readily available extension tubes. Restriction of the tendon using handmade splints reduced swelling, as opposed to fixating with the usual plaster of Paris. Using this method, the usage of the right Achilles tendons began on postoperative days 13.5 ± 4.6, which indicated healing within two weeks. Therefore our simple short-term murine Achilles tendon suture procedure is useful for studying immediate tendon repair mechanisms in various models, including genetically-modified mice. © The Author(s) 2015.

  13. Does Barbed Suture Lower Cost and Improve Outcome in Total Knee Arthroplasty? A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Vincent W K; Chan, Ping-Keung; Chiu, Kwong-Yuen; Yan, Chun-Hoi; Ng, Fu-Yuen

    2017-05-01

    Wound closure is key to prevent infection, facilitate immediate rehabilitation, and improve efficiency of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Continuous knotless suturing with barbed suture can potentially save time and distribute tension more evenly. However, its role in TKA in terms of cost-effectiveness and wound complications is not clear. This study aims at comparing barbed and traditional sutures' wound closure time and cost in primary TKA. One hundred nine knees were randomized into either barbed or traditional group. Synthetic absorbable sutures (Vicryl, Ethicon Inc) and bidirectional barbed sutures (Stratafix, Ethicon Inc) were used. Arthrotomy and subcutaneous wound closure time, wound complications, and rehabilitation parameters in terms of range of motion and Knee Society Score were compared. Patients were followed up to 3 months. Traditional sutures had significantly more positive leak tests (10 vs 2, P value sutures (arthrotomy 325 seconds vs 491 seconds; subcutaneous 306 seconds vs 381 seconds, P value suture material and operation time, barbed suture on average saved USD 48.7 per TKA in our local institute. Bidirectional barbed suture improves the cost-effectiveness of TKA through reducing wound closure time and wound complications. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Fabrication and feasibility study of an absorbable diacetyl chitin surgical suture for wound healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Kai; Han, Baoqin; Gao, Jinning; Jiang, Zhiwen; Liu, Weizhi; Liu, Wanshun; Liang, Ye

    2016-01-01

    Diacetyl chitin (DAC) is an acidylated chitin obtained using acetic anhydride mixed perchloric acid system. By wet spinning and weaving technique, DAC has been successfully developed into a novel absorbable surgical suture. Thanks to the unique properties of chitins, the potential application of this novel monocomponent multifilament DAC suture may break the monopoly of synthetic polymer sutures in wound closure area. In this study, DAC was synthesized and characterized by multiple approaches including elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). In addition, we performed the feasibility assessment of DAC suture (USP 2-0) as absorbable suture for wound healing. Several lines of evidences suggested that DAC suture had comparable mechanical properties as synthetic polymer sutures. Moreover, DAC suture retained approximately 63% of the original strength at 14 days and completely absorbed in 42 days with no remarkable tissue reaction in vivo. Most important of all, DAC suture significantly promoted skin regeneration with faster tissue reconstruction and higher wound breaking strength on a linear incisional wound model. All these results demonstrated the potential use of DAC suture in short- or middle-term wound healing, such as epithelial and connective tissue. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Microbiology of Explanted Suture Segments from Infected and Noninfected Surgical Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krepel, Candace J.; Marks, Richard M.; Rossi, Peter J.; Sanger, James; Goldblatt, Matthew; Graham, Mary Beth; Rothenburger, Stephen; Collier, John; Seabrook, Gary R.

    2013-01-01

    Sutures under selective host/environmental factors can potentiate postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). The present investigation characterized microbial recovery and biofilm formation from explanted absorbable (AB) and nonabsorbable (NAB) sutures from infected and noninfected sites. AB and NAB sutures were harvested from noninfected (70.9%) and infected (29.1%) sites in 158 patients. At explantation, devices were sonicated and processed for qualitative/quantitative bacteriology; selective sutures were processed for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Bacteria were recovered from 85 (53.8%) explanted sites; 39 sites were noninfected, and 46 were infected. Suture recovery ranged from 11.1 to 574.6 days postinsertion. A significant difference in mean microbial recovery between noninfected (1.2 isolates) and infected (2.7 isolates) devices (P sutures was noted. Biofilm was present in 100% and 66.6% of infected and noninfected devices, respectively (P sutures provide a hospitable surface for microbial adherence: (i) a significant difference in microbial recovery from infected and noninfected sutures was noted, (ii) infected sutures harbored a mixed flora, including multidrug-resistant health care-associated pathogens, and (iii) a significant difference in the presence or absence of a biofilm in infected versus noninfected explanted devices was noted. Further studies to document the benefit of focused risk reduction strategies to minimize suture contamination and biofilm formation postimplantation are warranted. PMID:23175247

  16. [Influence of different types of surgical suture materials on mechanical damage of oral mucosa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirković, Sinisa; Mirković, Tatjana Durdević

    2011-01-01

    Throughout history many kinds of different suture materials have been used for closing and suturing surgical wounds. Medical literature describes four basic characteristics of suture material: knot safety, tensile strength, tissue reaction and wound safety. The tissue reaction is reflected in an inflammatory response, which, though minimal, occurs during first two to seven days after implanting suture into the tissue. The aim of this research was to investigate whether different suture materials affect the development of decubital damage of oral mucosa, which to a great extent can compromise the process of wound healing. MATERIAL AND METHODS The investigation was designed as a prospective clinical study including 150 patients of both genders, aged between 25 and 60. The patients were distributed into three groups of 50 persons. The suture Black Silk was used in the first group, designated as a control group. Nylon and Vicril were used in the second and third group, i.e. experimental groups, respectively. Decubital damage of the surrounding soft tissues was the main parameter for monitoring the effects of selected suture materials on the oral mucosa. The comparison of results obtained for the investigated suture materials after suturing oral mucosa revealed that certain advantage could be given to synthetic monofilament suture materials.

  17. Ultrastructure, Histochemistry, and Mineralization Patterns in the Ecdysial Suture of the Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priester, Carolina; Dillaman, Richard M.; Gay, D. Mark

    2005-12-01

    The ecdysial suture is the region of the arthropod exoskeleton that splits to allow the animal to emerge during ecdysis. We examined the morphology and composition of the intermolt and premolt suture of the blue crab using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The suture could not be identified by routine histological techniques; however 3 of 22 fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled lectins tested (Lens culinaris agglutinin, Vicia faba agglutinin, and Pisum sativum agglutinin) differentiated the suture, binding more intensely to the suture exocuticle and less intensely to the suture endocuticle. Back-scattered electron (BSE) and secondary electron observations of fracture surfaces of intermolt cuticle showed less mineralized regions in the wedge-shaped suture as did BSE analysis of premolt and intermolt resin-embedded cuticle. The prism regions of the suture exocuticle were not calcified. X-ray microanalysis of both the endocuticle and exocuticle demonstrated that the suture was less calcified than the surrounding cuticle with significantly lower magnesium and phosphorus concentrations, potentially making its mineral more soluble. The presence or absence of a glycoprotein in the organic matrix, the extent and composition of the mineral deposited, and the thickness of the cuticle all likely contribute to the suture being removed by molting fluid, thereby ensuring successful ecdysis.

  18. Absence of endochondral ossification and craniosynostosis in posterior frontal cranial sutures of Axin2(-/- mice.

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    Björn Behr

    Full Text Available During the first month of life, the murine posterior-frontal suture (PF of the cranial vault closes through endochondral ossification, while other sutures remain patent. These processes are tightly regulated by canonical Wnt signaling. Low levels of active canonical Wnt signaling enable endochondral ossification and therefore PF-suture closure, whereas constitutive activation of canonical Wnt causes PF-suture patency. We therefore sought to test this concept with a knockout mouse model. PF-sutures of Axin2(-/- mice, which resemble a state of constantly activated canonical Wnt signaling, were investigated during the physiological time course of PF-suture closure and compared in detail with wild type littermates. Histological analysis revealed that the architecture in Axin2(-/- PF-sutures was significantly altered in comparison to wild type. The distance between the endocranial layers was dramatically increased and suture closure was significantly delayed. Moreover, physiological endochondral ossification did not occur, rather an ectopic cartilage appeared between the endocranial and ectocranial bone layers at P7 which eventually involutes at P13. Quantitative PCR analysis showed the lack of Col10α1 upregulation in Axin2(-/- PF-suture. Immunohistochemistry and gene expression analysis also revealed high levels of type II collagen as compared to type I collagen and absence of Mmp-9 in the cartilage of Axin2(-/- PF-suture. Moreover, TUNEL staining showed a high percentage of apoptotic chondrocytes in Axin2(-/- PF-sutures at P9 and P11 as compared to wild type. These data indicated that Axin2(-/- PF-sutures lack physiological endochondral ossification, contain ectopic cartilage and display delayed suture closure.

  19. A prospective controlled study of a 10/0 absorbable polyglactin suture for corneal incision phacoemulsification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bainbridge, J W; Teimory, M; Kirwan, J F; Rostron, C K

    1998-01-01

    To evaluate the performance of a 10/0 monofilament absorbable polyglactin suture for temporal 5.2 mm corneal incision phacoemulsification. A prospective randomised controlled study of 49 patients undergoing phacoemulsification with a sutured temporal 5.2 mm corneal section was conducted to compare the refractive results and complications of a 10/0 monofilament absorbable polyglactin suture with 10/0 nylon. Thirty-eight patients completed the study. There was no significant difference in induced astigmatism between the two groups. All absorbable sutures were intact at 1 week. Six weeks post-operatively the absorbable suture was still intact in 1 (6%) patient, present but broken in 4 (24%) and completely absent in 12 (70%) patients. All polyglactin sutures had been completely absorbed by 12 weeks. Absorption of the polyglactin sutures was associated with mild localised corneal haze in 3(18%) cases (p = 0.055). One of the 18 patients (6%) in the polyglactin suture group presented with iris prolapse associated with knot failure 1 week post-operatively. There was no significant difference in foreign body symptoms between the two groups. 10/0 polyglactin sutures maintain adequate tensile strength during the immediate post-operative period for small incision surgery and are associated with minimal induction of astigmatism. Their subsequent absorption obviates the need for routine suture removal. Suture absorption is well tolerated although in some cases a mild degree of local tissue reaction raises concern about possible mechanisms of absorption. The risk of knot failure may be reduced by an alternative suture tying technique. 10/0 monofilament polyglactin is an attractive option when a suture is required during small incision cataract surgery.

  20. Assessing the Adequacy of Absorbable Braided Suture for Laparoscopic High Ligation in Rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruns, Nicholas E; Glenn, Ian C; Craner, Domenic R; McNinch, Neil L; Schomisch, Steve J; Ponsky, Todd A

    2017-07-01

    Our previous work demonstrated that intentional peritoneal injury reduces the incidence of recurrence of a patent processus vaginalis even after removal of the suture. Therefore, the necessity of permanent suture has been brought into question because of the risk of suture granuloma formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of absorbable, braided versus permanent, braided suture in a rabbit survival model of laparoscopic percutaneous ligation of the processus vaginalis with intentional peritoneal injury. Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits underwent bilateral subcutaneous endoscopically assisted ligation (SEAL) of the internal ring. Before SEAL, peritoneal injury was caused with endoscopic shears. Each animal was randomized to receive absorbable braided suture on one side and permanent braided suture on the contralateral side. The rabbits were survived for 8 weeks to allow for complete hydrolysis of the absorbable suture. Necropsy was performed during which the integrity of the repair was assessed with insufflation of carbon dioxide up to 30 mm Hg. McNemar's test for paired data was performed for statistical analysis. Seventeen rabbits survived 8 weeks. One rabbit died in the early postoperative period because of urinary tract obstruction. After insufflation, four (24%) recurrences were present in the absorbable group and two (12%) recurrences were present in the permanent group. This difference was not statistically significant (P = .50). Both rabbits with a recurrence on the side with permanent suture also had a recurrence with absorbable suture on the contralateral side. In all rabbits, the permanent suture was identified, whereas there was no visual evidence of absorbable suture. A trend toward a higher recurrence rate with the use of absorbable braided suture was present, although, in this study, the finding was not statistically significant. Caution should be used when considering implementation of absorbable suture for

  1. Bundles of spider silk, braided into sutures, resist basic cyclic tests: potential use for flexor tendon repair.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen Hennecke

    Full Text Available Repair success for injuries to the flexor tendon in the hand is often limited by the in vivo behaviour of the suture used for repair. Common problems associated with the choice of suture material include increased risk of infection, foreign body reactions, and inappropriate mechanical responses, particularly decreases in mechanical properties over time. Improved suture materials are therefore needed. As high-performance materials with excellent tensile strength, spider silk fibres are an extremely promising candidate for use in surgical sutures. However, the mechanical behaviour of sutures comprised of individual silk fibres braided together has not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, we characterise the maximum tensile strength, stress, strain, elastic modulus, and fatigue response of silk sutures produced using different braiding methods to investigate the influence of braiding on the tensile properties of the sutures. The mechanical properties of conventional surgical sutures are also characterised to assess whether silk offers any advantages over conventional suture materials. The results demonstrate that braiding single spider silk fibres together produces strong sutures with excellent fatigue behaviour; the braided silk sutures exhibited tensile strengths comparable to those of conventional sutures and no loss of strength over 1000 fatigue cycles. In addition, the braiding technique had a significant influence on the tensile properties of the braided silk sutures. These results suggest that braided spider silk could be suitable for use as sutures in flexor tendon repair, providing similar tensile behaviour and improved fatigue properties compared with conventional suture materials.

  2. Modified cow-hitch suture fixation of transscleral sutured posterior chamber intraocular lenses: long-term safety and efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Simon X; Lee, Lawrence R; Sii, Freda; Rowley, Adrian

    2008-03-01

    To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of a new technique using a modified cow-hitch knot for transscleral suture fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs). Public hospital in Brisbane, Australia. A retrospective chart review was conducted of consecutive patients who had transscleral sutured PC IOL implantation from March 2000 to June 2006 using the new technique, which was modified to eliminate free suture ends and minimize the risk for knot slippage. Data collected included demographic data, ocular history, preoperative and final best corrected visual acuities (BCVAs), preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP), and postoperative complications. Eighty-two eyes of 79 patients (51 men, 28 women) with a mean age of 62.5 years+/-18.9 (SD) were included in the study. The mean follow-up was 22.9+/-21.2 months (range 5 to 76 months). The BCVA was 20/40 or better in 45 eyes (54.9%) and 20/200 or worse in 10 eyes (12.2%). The final BCVA was largely determined by the preoperative underlying ocular pathology. Postoperative complications included temporary increased IOP in 14 eyes (17.1%), escalated glaucoma in 7 eyes (8.5%), temporary hypotony in 7 eyes (8.5%), and retinal detachment, hyphema, and irregular astigmatism in 1 eye (1.2%) each. The PC IOLs remained well centered and without tilt in all eyes. The technique provided excellent PC IOL centration in the presence of no adequate capsule support. It was effective and safe for transscleral suturing of PC IOLs.

  3. Optimal suture anchor direction in arthroscopic lateral ankle ligament repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimura, Ichiro; Hagio, Tomonobu; Noda, Masahiro; Kanazawa, Kazuki; Minokawa, So; Yamamoto, Takuaki

    2017-05-26

    In this study, the distance between the insertion point of the suture anchors and posterior surface of the fibula during arthroscopic lateral ankle ligament repair was investigated on computed tomography (CT) images. The hypothesis of this study was that there is an optimal insertional direction of the suture anchor to avoid anchor-related complications. One hundred eleven ankles of 98 patients who had undergone three-dimensional CT scans for foot or ankle disorders without deformity of the fibula were assessed (59 males, 52 females; median age 25.5 years; age range 12-78 years). The shortest distance from the insertion point of the suture anchor to the deepest point of the fossa/top of the convex aspect of the fibula was measured on the axial plane, tilting from the longitudinal axis of the fibula at 90°, 75°, 60°, and 45°. The distance from the insertion point of the suture anchor to the posterior surface of the fibula was also measured in a direction parallel to the sagittal plane of the lateral surface of the talus on the axial plane, tilting from the longitudinal axis of the fibula at 90°, 75°, 60°, and 45°. The posterior fossa was observed in all cases on the 90° and 75° images. The distance from the insertion point to the posterior surface of the fibula in the parallel direction was 15.0 ± 3.4 mm at 90°, 17.5 ± 3.2 mm at 75°, 21.7 ± 3.3 mm at 60°, and 25.7 ± 3.6 mm at 45°. The posterior points in the parallel direction were located on the posterior fossa in 36.0% of cases at 90°, in 12.6% at 75°, and in 0.0% at 60° and 45°. The suture anchor should be directed from anterior to posterior at an angle of <45° to the longitudinal axis of the fibula, parallel to the lateral surface of the talus, to avoid passing through the fibula. Cohort study, Level III.

  4. Tissue reactions of abdominal integuments to surgical sutures in sonography

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    Andrzej Smereczyński

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Classical abdominal surgeries usually require long incisions of the abdominal integuments followed by tight closure with adequate suturing material. Nonabsorbable sutures may cause various reactions, including granuloma reactions, both sterile and inflammatory. The aim of the study was to analyze prospective ultrasound examinations of the abdominal integuments in order to detect tissue reactions to surgical sutures. Material and methods: For 10 years, ultrasound examinations of the abdominal integuments involved the assessment of surgical scars in all patients who underwent open or closed surgeries for various reasons (in total 2254 patients. Ultrasound examinations were performed only with the use of linear probes with the frequency ranging from 7 to 12 MHz. Each scar in the abdominal integuments was scanned in at least two planes. When a lesion was detected, the image was enlarged and the transducer was rotated by approximately 180° in order to capture the dimensions of the granuloma and the most characteristic image of the suture. Moreover, vascularization of the lesion was also assessed with the use of color Doppler mode set to detect the lowest flows. Results: All granulomas (19 lesions, two in one patient created hypoechoic oval or round nodules, were relatively well-circumscribed and their size ranged from 8 × 4 mm to 40 × 14 mm. In the center of the lesion, it was possible to notice a thread that was coiled to various degrees and presented itself as a double, curved hyperechoic line. In 9 out of 19 granulomas, slight peripheral vascularization was observed. The substantial majority of the lesions (n = 15 were in contact with the fascia. In seven patients, compression with the transducer induced known local pain (n = 4 or intensified pain that had already been present (n = 3; all of these granulomas infiltrated the fascia and showed slight peripheral vascularization. Cutaneous fistulae developed in two patients with purulent

  5. [Effect of abrasion on three types of sutures in a metallic anchor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acosta Rodríguez, Eduardo; Almazán Díaz, Arturo

    2007-01-01

    It is necessary to slide the suture into the articulation in the arthroscopic techniques, this produce friction and abrasion of the suture, this is the principal cause of failure in the union of anchor-suture. We used a Fastak 2.4 anchor, Sawbones, No 2 Ethibond, No 2 Fiberwire and No 2 Herculine. Each suture was introduce to the anchor eyelet and was cycled in four times with 40N. The angles of traction were 0 degrees and 45 degrees at the same direction of the anchor eyelet and 45 degrees with different direction of the anchor eyelet. Five sutures were used in every test. We performed the Kolmogorov-Smirnof and "t" Student tests. In all the tests there were a significant differences. The strength of the suture is affected by the abrasion in the anchor eyelet.

  6. Biocompatibility and strength properties of nitinol shape memory alloy suture in rabbit tendon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kujala, Sauli; Pajala, Ari; Kallioinen, Matti; Pramila, Antti; Tuukkanen, Juha; Ryhänen, Jorma

    2004-01-01

    Nitinol (NiTi) is a promising new tendon suture material with good strength, easy handling and good super-elastic properties. NiTi sutures were implanted for biocompatibility testing into the right medial gastrocnemius tendon in 15 rabbits for 2, 6 and 12 weeks. Additional sutures were implanted in subcutaneous tissue for strength measurements in order to determine the effect of implantation on strength properties of NiTi suture material. Braided polyester sutures (Ethibond) of approximately the same diameter were used as control. Encapsulating membrane formation around the sutures was minimal in the case of both materials. The breaking load of NiTi was significantly greater compared to braided polyester. Implantation did not affect the strength properties of either material.

  7. Application of static fatigue testing to the behavior of absorbable sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prati, J L; Kim, D H; Matthewson, M J

    2017-10-01

    Absorbable sutures, since their conception, have become the dominant method for surgical wound closure and are constantly being improved. However, despite their years of service, not all aspects of their performance are fully understood. In particular, suture absorption is usually characterized by immersing the suture in a model in vitro environment under zero stress followed by measurement of the residual tensile strength as a function of immersion time. When in use, absorbable sutures are exposed to mechanical stress, which may affect the absorption rate; however, this phenomenon has not been adequately studied. The present work reports results of static fatigue tests in which the suture material is subjected to a mechanical load while immersed in a controlled environment and the time to fracture is measured as a function of the applied load. This approach is proved a viable method for obtaining a more detailed evaluation of absorbable suture performance. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. Uterine Compression Sutures as an Effective Treatment for Postpartum Hemorrhage: Case Series

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    Nihal Al Riyami

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the role of uterine compression sutures as a conservative treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH after failed medical treatment. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients who delivered between 2003 and 2009 at a single tertiary care center and who underwent uterine compression sutures for PPH. Twelve women had uterine compression sutures for PPH. The mean age of the patients was 36.3 ± 5.2 years. The mean gestational age at delivery was 37.7 ± 2.0 weeks, and the average estimated blood loss was 2.1 ± 1.1 L. The mean procedure time to perform the uterine compression sutures was 9.3 ± 2.8 minutes. The success rate of compression sutures was 92% with only one failure resulting in a hysterectomy. Uterine compression sutures are an effective method for the treatment of PPH, thus avoiding hysterectomy and preserving potential fertility.

  9. Effects of suture position on left ventricular fluid mechanics under mitral valve edge-to-edge repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Dongxing; Jiang, Song; Wang, Ze; Hu, Yingying; He, Zhaoming

    2014-01-01

    Mitral valve (MV) edge-to-edge repair (ETER) is a surgical procedure for the correction of mitral valve regurgitation by suturing the free edge of the leaflets. The leaflets are often sutured at three different positions: central, lateral and commissural portions. To study the effects of position of suture on left ventricular (LV) fluid mechanics under mitral valve ETER, a parametric model of MV-LV system during diastole was developed. The distribution and development of vortex and atrio-ventricular pressure under different suture position were investigated. Results show that the MV sutured at central and lateral in ETER creates two vortex rings around two jets, compared with single vortex ring around one jet of the MV sutured at commissure. Smaller total orifices lead to a higher pressure difference across the atrio-ventricular leaflets in diastole. The central suture generates smaller wall shear stresses than the lateral suture, while the commissural suture generated the minimum wall shear stresses in ETER.

  10. Quantitative physical and handling characteristics of novel antibacterial braided silk suture materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaojie; Hou, Dandan; Tang, Xiaoqi; Wang, Lu

    2015-10-01

    Surgical braided silk sutures have been widely used because these materials exhibit good handling characteristics, ease of use, and ideal knot security. However, surgical silk sutures likely cause surgical site infections because these sutures are composed of natural protein materials with a braided structure. As such, antibacterial silk sutures for clinical wound closure should be developed. Braided silk suture could be treated and modified with antibacterial agent, provided that excellent physical and handling characteristics of this material should maximize maintained. This study aimed to quantitatively investigate the effect of antibacterial treatment with different parameters on physical and handling characteristics of novel antibacterial braided silk sutures. Physical and handling characteristics, including appearance, knot-pull tensile strength, pullout friction resistance, tissue drag friction resistance, and bending stiffness, were evaluated. After physical and handling tests were conducted, images showed morphological characteristics were obtained and evaluated to investigate the relationship between antibacterial treatment and physical and handling properties. Results showed that suture diameter increased and reached the nearest thick size specification; knot-pull tensile strength decreased but remained higher than the standard value by at least 40.73%. Fracture asynchronism during knot-pull tensile strength test suggested that the fineness ratio of shell and core strands may enhance knot-pull tensile strength. Static and dynamic frictions of suture-to-suture friction behavior were slightly affected by antibacterial treatment, and changed to less than 16.07% and 32.77%, respectively. Suture-to-tissue friction and bending stiffness increased by approximately 50%; the bending stiffness of the proposed suture remained efficient compared with that of synthetic sutures. Therefore, good physical and handling characteristics can be maintained by selecting

  11. Does Suture Technique Affect Re-Rupture in Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair? A Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Matthew J; Pula, David A; Kluczynski, Melissa A; Mashtare, Terry; Bisson, Leslie J

    2015-08-01

    To evaluate the effects of suture configuration, repair method, and tear size on rotator cuff (RC) repair healing. We conducted a literature search of articles that examined surgical treatment of RC tears published between January 2003 and September 2014. For single-row (SR) repairs, we calculated rerupture rates for simple, mattress, and modified Mason-Allen sutures while stratifying by tear size. All double-row repairs-those using 2 rows of suture anchors (DA) and those using a suture bridge (SB)--were performed using mattress sutures, and we compared rerupture rates by repair method while stratifying by tear size. A random-effects model with pooled estimates for between-study variance was used to estimate the overall rerupture proportion and corresponding 95% confidence interval for each group. Statistical significance was defined as P sutures versus simple sutures (P = .18). For SR repairs of tears measuring 3 cm or more, there was no significant difference in rerupture rates for mattress sutures versus simple sutures (P = .23). The rates of rerupture did not differ between SB and DA repairs for tears measuring less than 3 cm (P = .29) and 3 cm or more (P = .50). For SR repairs, there were no significant differences in rerupture rates between suture techniques for any repair method or tear size. All DA and SB repairs were secured with mattress sutures, and there were no differences in the rates of rerupture between these methods for either size category. These findings suggest that suture technique may not affect rerupture rates after RC repair. Level IV, systematic review of Level I through IV studies. Copyright © 2015 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Entrapment of Common Peroneal Nerve by Surgical Suture following Distal Biceps Femoris Tendon Repair

    OpenAIRE

    Fukuda, Aki; Nishimura, Akinobu; Nakazora, Shigeto; Kato, Ko; Sudo, Akihiro

    2016-01-01

    We describe entrapment of the common peroneal nerve by a suture after surgical repair of the distal biceps femoris tendon. Complete rupture of the distal biceps femoris tendon of a 16-year-old male athlete was surgically repaired. Postoperative common peroneal nerve palsy was evident, but conservative treatment did not cause any neurological improvement. Reexploration revealed that the common peroneal nerve was entrapped by the surgical suture. Complete removal of the suture and external neur...

  13. Biomechanical Comparison of a First- and a Second-Generation All-Soft Suture Glenoid Anchor

    OpenAIRE

    Erickson, John; Chiarappa, Frank; Haskel, Jonathan; Rice, Justin; Hyatt, Adam; Monica, James; Dhawan, Aman

    2017-01-01

    Background: All?soft tissue suture anchors provide advantages of decreased removal of bone and decreased glenoid volume occupied compared with traditional tap or screw-in suture anchors. Previous published data have led to biomechanical concerns with the use of first-generation all-soft suture anchors. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the load to 2-mm displacement and ultimate load to failure of a second-generation all-soft suture anchor, compared with a first-gen...

  14. Elasticity and breaking strength of synthetic suture materials incubated in various equine physiological and pathological solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearney, C M; Buckley, C T; Jenner, F; Moissonnier, P; Brama, P A J

    2014-07-01

    Selection of suture material in equine surgery is often based on costs or subjective factors, such as the surgeon's personal experience, rather than objective facts. The amount of objective data available on durability of suture materials with regard to specific equine physiological conditions is limited. To evaluate the effect of various equine physiological and pathological fluids on the rate of degradation of a number of commonly used suture materials. In vitro material testing. Suture materials were exposed in vitro to physiological fluid, followed by biomechanical analysis. Three absorbable suture materials, glycolide/lactide copolymer, polyglactin 910 and polydioxanone were incubated at 37°C for 7, 14 or 28 days in phosphate-buffered saline, equine serum, equine urine and equine peritoneal fluid from an animal with peritonitis. Five strands of each suture material type were tested to failure in a materials testing machine for each time point and each incubation medium. Yield strength, strain and Young's modulus were calculated, analysed and reported. For all suture types, the incubation time had a significant effect on yield strength, percentage elongation and Young's modulus in all culture media (PYoung's modulus in all culture media (Pmaterial characteristics tested, polydioxanone showed the least variation across the incubation period in each culture medium. The duration of incubation and the type of fluid have significant effects on the biomechanical properties of various suture materials. These findings are important for evidence-based selection of suture material in clinical cases. © 2013 EVJ Ltd.

  15. Extrusion of bone anchor suture following flexor digitorum profundus tendon avulsion injury repair.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Tiong, William H C

    2011-09-01

    Flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) zone I tendon avulsion injury is traditionally repaired with a pullout suture technique. More recently, bone anchor sutures have been used as a viable alternative and have largely replaced areas in hand surgery where pullout suture technique was once required. To date, there have been very few complications reported related to bone anchor suture use in FDP tendon reattachment to the bone. We report a very unusual case of extrusion of bone anchor through the nailbed, 6 years after zone I FDP tendon avulsion injury repair and a brief review of literature.

  16. Patterns and implications of extensive heterochrony in carnivoran cranial suture closure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, A; Foley, L; Weisbecker, V

    2013-01-01

    Heterochronic changes in the rate or timing of development underpin many evolutionary transformations. In particular, the onset and rate of bone development have been the focus of many studies across large clades. In contrast, the termination of bone growth, as estimated by suture closure, has been studied far less frequently, although a few recent studies have shown this to represent a variable, although poorly understood, aspect of developmental evolution. Here, we examine suture closure patterns across 25 species of carnivoran mammals, ranging from social-insectivores to hypercarnivores, to assess variation in suture closure across taxa, identify heterochronic shifts in a phylogenetic framework and elucidate the relationship between suture closure timing and ecology. Our results show that heterochronic shifts in suture closure are widespread across Carnivora, with several shifts identified for most major clades. Carnivorans differ from patterns identified for other mammalian clades in showing high variability of palatal suture closure, no correlation between size and level of suture closure, and little phylogenetic signal outside of musteloids. Results further suggest a strong influence of feeding ecology on suture closure pattern. Most of the species with high numbers of heterochronic shifts, such as the walrus and the aardwolf, feed on invertebrates, and these taxa also showed high frequency of closure of the mandibular symphysis, a state that is relatively rare among mammals. Overall, caniforms displayed more heterochronic shifts than feliforms, suggesting that evolutionary changes in suture closure may reflect the lower diversity of cranial morphology in feliforms. PMID:23530892

  17. A study of the efficacy of antibacterial sutures for surgical site infection: a retrospective controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshino, Seiichiro; Yoshida, Yoichiro; Tanimura, Syu; Yamauchi, Yasushi; Noritomi, Tomoaki; Yamashita, Yuichi

    2013-01-01

    To reduce bacterial adherence to surgical sutures, triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 suture materials with antiseptic activity were developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the incidence of surgical site infections can be reduced when triclosan-coated sutures are used. Until December 2009, we used conventional polyglactin 910 sutures (VICRYL, Ethicon) for the closure of the fascia in digestive tract surgery. Therefore, for the control group we retrospectively collected surveillance data for 1.5 years. In the control group, 611 patients underwent digestive tract surgery with VICRYL sutures. Beginning in July 2010, we used triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 sutures (VICRYL Plus, Ethicon, Tokyo, Japan) for the closure of the fascia in all digestive surgeries. So, we collected data for the study group from July 2010 until June 2011. In the study group, 467 patients underwent digestive tract surgery with triclosan-coated VICRYL Plus sutures. In the control group, 75 patients (12.2%) developed wound infections. In the study group, 31 patients (6.6%) developed wound infections, which was significantly lower. Emergency cases; laparoscopic cases, including some cholecystectomy and colectomy cases; American Society of Anesthesiologists classification; the use of immunosuppressive therapy; colostomy cases; wound classification; and suture material were identified as the risk factors for wound infections. In both groups, as the wound classification worsened, the wound infection rate increased. Triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 antimicrobial sutures lead to a significant decrease in the incidence of surgical site infections, especially in clean/contaminated cases.

  18. Non-absorbable sutures are associated with lower recurrence rates in laparoscopic percutaneous inguinal hernia ligation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimsby, G M; Keays, M A; Villanueva, C; Bush, N C; Snodgrass, W T; Gargollo, P C; Jacobs, M A

    2015-10-01

    Laparoscopic hernia repair with percutaneous ligation of the patent processes vaginalis is a minimally invasive alternative to open inguinal herniorrhaphy in children. With the camera port concealed at the umbilicus, this technique offers an excellent cosmetic result. It is also faster than the traditional laparoscopic repair with no differences in complication rates or hospital stay. The goal of this study was to describe a series of consecutive patients, emphasizing the impact of suture materials (absorbable vs. non-absorbable) on hernia recurrences. A retrospective review was performed of consecutive transperitoneal laparoscopic subcutaneous ligations of a symptomatic hernia and/or communicating hydrocele by 4 surgeons. Patients > Tanner 2 or with prior hernia repair were excluded. The success of the procedure and number of sutures used was compared between cases performed with absorbable vs. non-absorbable suture. Risk factors for surgical failure (age, weight, number of sutures used, suture type) were assessed with logistic regression. 94 patients underwent laparoscopic percutaneous hernia ligation at a mean age of 4.9 years. Outcomes in 85 (90%) patients with 97 hernia repairs at a mean of 8 months after surgery revealed 26% polyglactin vs 4% polyester recurrences (p = 0.004) which occurred at mean of 3.6 months after surgery, Table 1. Repairs performed with non-absorbable suture required only 1 suture more often than those performed with absorbable suture (76% vs 60%, p = 0.163). Logistic regression revealed suture type was an independent predictor for failure (p = 0.017). Weight (p = 0.249), age (p = 0.055), and number of sutures (p = 0.469) were not significantly associated with recurrent hernia. Our review of consecutive hernia repairs using the single port percutaneous ligation revealed a significantly higher recurrent hernia rate with absorbable (26%) versus non-absorbable (4%) suture. This finding remained significant in a logistic regression model

  19. Electrospun Polymeric Core-sheath Yarns as Drug Eluting Surgical Sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmakumar, Smrithi; Joseph, John; Neppalli, Madhuri Harsha; Mathew, Sumi Elizabeth; Nair, Shantikumar V; Shankarappa, Sahadev A; Menon, Deepthy

    2016-03-23

    Drug-coated sutures are widely used as delivery depots for antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs at surgical wound sites. Although drug-laden coating provides good localized drug concentration, variable loading efficiency and release kinetics limits its use. Alternatively, drug incorporation within suture matrices is hampered by the harsh fabrication conditions required for suture-strength enhancement. To circumvent these limitations, we fabricated mechanically robust electrospun core-sheath yarns as sutures, with a central poly-l-lactic acid core, and a drug-eluting poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid sheath. The electrospun sheath was incorporated with aceclofenac or insulin to demonstrate versatility of the suture in loading both chemical and biological class of drugs. Aceclofenac and insulin incorporated sutures exhibited 15% and 4% loading, and release for 10 and 7 days, respectively. Aceclofenac sutures demonstrated reduced epidermal hyperplasia and cellularity in skin-inflammation animal model, while insulin loaded sutures showed enhanced cellular migration in wound healing assay. In conclusion, we demonstrate an innovative strategy of producing mechanically strong, prolonged drug-release sutures loaded with different classes of drugs.

  20. Surgical sutures filled with adipose-derived stem cells promote wound healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reckhenrich, Ann Katharin; Kirsch, Bianca Manuela; Wahl, Elizabeth Ann; Schenck, Thilo Ludwig; Rezaeian, Farid; Harder, Yves; Foehr, Peter; Machens, Hans-Günther; Egaña, José Tomás

    2014-01-01

    Delayed wound healing and scar formation are among the most frequent complications after surgical interventions. Although biodegradable surgical sutures present an excellent drug delivery opportunity, their primary function is tissue fixation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) act as trophic mediators and are successful in activating biomaterials. Here biodegradable sutures were filled with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASC) to provide a pro-regenerative environment at the injured site. Results showed that after filling, ASCs attach to the suture material, distribute equally throughout the filaments, and remain viable in the suture. Among a broad panel of cytokines, cell-filled sutures constantly release vascular endothelial growth factor to supernatants. Such conditioned media was evaluated in an in vitro wound healing assay and showed a significant decrease in the open wound area compared to controls. After suturing in an ex vivo wound model, cells remained in the suture and maintained their metabolic activity. Furthermore, cell-filled sutures can be cryopreserved without losing their viability. This study presents an innovative approach to equip surgical sutures with pro-regenerative features and allows the treatment and fixation of wounds in one step, therefore representing a promising tool to promote wound healing after injury.

  1. Prophylactic retention suture for surgical site infection: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Eisaku; Yoshida, Masashi; Suzuki, Norihiko; Imakita, Tomonori; Tsutsui, Nobuhiro; Ohdaira, Hironori; Kitajima, Masaki; Suzuki, Yutaka

    2018-01-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of gastrointestinal surgery. Because retention suture is known to prevent abdominal wound dehiscence, it is only considered indicated in high-risk patients. At present, there are no clear indications for retention suture. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of prophylactic retention suture and to determine what situations indicate prophylactic retention suture against SSI. Between January 2014 and January 2016, 135 patients who underwent midline laparotomy in our hospital were analyzed. Inclusion criteria for this study were patients with American Society Anesthesiologists' physical status classification system (ASA-PS score) ≥ 3 or emergent surgery. Of the 135 patients, 30 (22.2%) received prophylactic retention suture. Diabetes mellitus, surgical wound classification, large incision, and retention suture were associated with SSI in multivariate analysis. In subgroup analysis, SSI risk factors were analyzed in each surgical wound classification. Only in surgical wound classification class II and III did retention suture significantly reduce the risk of SSI (odds ratio = 0.100 [0.012-0.837], P = 0.034). In class IV, however, half the patients developed SSI, regardless of retention suture. Table 3 summarizes the results of the subgroup analysis. The present data suggest that prophylactic retention suture reduces SSI for surgical wound classification class II or III. For class IV operations, however, other methods to prevent SSI are necessary. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Surgical sutures filled with adipose-derived stem cells promote wound healing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Katharin Reckhenrich

    Full Text Available Delayed wound healing and scar formation are among the most frequent complications after surgical interventions. Although biodegradable surgical sutures present an excellent drug delivery opportunity, their primary function is tissue fixation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC act as trophic mediators and are successful in activating biomaterials. Here biodegradable sutures were filled with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASC to provide a pro-regenerative environment at the injured site. Results showed that after filling, ASCs attach to the suture material, distribute equally throughout the filaments, and remain viable in the suture. Among a broad panel of cytokines, cell-filled sutures constantly release vascular endothelial growth factor to supernatants. Such conditioned media was evaluated in an in vitro wound healing assay and showed a significant decrease in the open wound area compared to controls. After suturing in an ex vivo wound model, cells remained in the suture and maintained their metabolic activity. Furthermore, cell-filled sutures can be cryopreserved without losing their viability. This study presents an innovative approach to equip surgical sutures with pro-regenerative features and allows the treatment and fixation of wounds in one step, therefore representing a promising tool to promote wound healing after injury.

  3. Osteoprotegerin deficiency results in disruption of posterofrontal suture closure in mice: implications in nonsyndromic craniosynostosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beederman, Maureen; Kim, Stephanie H; Rogers, M Rose; Lyon, Sarah M; He, Tong-Chuan; Reid, Russell R

    2015-06-01

    Little is known about the role of osteoclasts in cranial suture fusion. Osteoclasts are predominantly regulated by receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand, both of which lead to osteoclast differentiation, activation, and survival; and osteoprotegerin, a soluble inhibitor of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B. The authors' work examines the role of osteoprotegerin in this process using knockout technology. Wild-type, osteoprotegerin-heterozygous, and osteoprotegerin-knockout mice were imaged by serial micro-computed tomography at 3, 5, 7, 9, and 16 weeks. Suture density measurements and craniometric analysis were performed at these same time points. Posterofrontal sutures were harvested from mice after the week-16 time point and analyzed by means of histochemistry. Micro-computed tomographic analysis of the posterofrontal suture revealed reduced suture fusion in osteoprotegerin-knockout mice compared with wild-type and heterozygous littermates. Osteoprotegerin deficiency resulted in a statistically significant decrease in suture bone density in knockout mice. There was no reduction in the density of non-suture-containing calvarial bone between wild-type and osteoprotegerin-knockout mice. Histochemistry of suture sections supported these micro-computed tomographic findings. Finally, osteoprotegerin-knockout mice had reduced anteroposterior skull distance at all time points and an increased interorbital distance at the week-16 time point. The authors' data suggest that perturbations in the expression of osteoprotegerin and subsequent changes in osteoclastogenesis lead to alterations in murine cranial and posterofrontal suture morphology.

  4. Follow up CT findings of suture granuloma in the chest wall: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ka Eun; Lee, Young Kyung [Kyung Hee Univ. Hospital at Gangdong/School of Medicine/Kyung Hee Univ. Seoul, (Korea, Republic of); Sung, Dong Wook [Kyung Hee Univ. Hospital/School of Medicine/Kyung Hee Univ., Seoul, (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Suture granuloma is a benign tumor defined by an inflammatory reaction and the formation of granuloma, which is caused by the reaction of a foreign body in regards to suture material after surgery. Recently, it has been reported as one of the rare complications following surgery, mainly in regards to non absorbable sutures. The authors hereby report a case along with CT findings and literature review for suture granuloma in the chest wall after lung lobectomy for lung cancer in a 65 year old woman.

  5. Later reproductive health after B-Lynch sutures: a follow-up study after 10 years' clinical use of the B-Lynch suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuglsang, Jens

    2014-04-01

    To evaluate the reproductive prognosis after having a B-Lynch suture placed previously. Follow-up study based on patients' records. University hospital setting (level three; 4,800 deliveries per year). All patients registered to have had a B-Lynch suture placed from 2002 to 2012. None. Future pregnancies. Forty-four B-Lynch procedures were identified in 43 women. Twenty-six were primiparas at the time of B-Lynch suture. Follow-up took place a median 45 months (range, 17-126 months) after B-Lynch suture placement; one woman was lost to follow-up. Overall, 16 of 42 women obtained a new pregnancy. Among primiparas, 44% either had an ongoing pregnancy or a delivery. Among women not having a succeeding pregnancy, one woman had a peripartum hysterectomy, one was advised against pregnancy, one developed Asherman's syndrome, and three women were known to attempt to obtain pregnancy. In deliveries after a previous B-Lynch suture, 3 of 13 women had estimated bleeding above 1,000 mL, and 2 of these had severe bleeding. A time trend was observed indicating that B-Lynch sutures are placed increasingly often. The reproductive prognosis after a B-Lynch suture has been placed seems to be relatively good. Nonetheless, complications that might influence future pregnancy may occur, and advice given should address this. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in the feline stifle. Biomechanical comparison of a standard fabella-tibial suture and lateral sutures placed between quasi-isometric points.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Sousa, R; Sutcliffe, M; Rousset, N; Holmes, M; Langley-Hobbs, S J

    2015-01-01

    To determine whether a lateral suture placed with bone anchors between quasi-isometric points in a cat is superior to a standard fabella-tibial suture for the stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture compared to an intact stifle joint. Biomechanical cadaveric study. Six stifle joints with intact cruciate ligaments from three skeletally mature cats were placed in a loading mounting set and tested with axial loads of 20N and 60N at three different joint angles (75°,130° and 160°). The procedure was repeated with a transected CrCL; a stabilized stifle joint after a combination of three lateral suture techniques (fabella-tibial suture technique [SFT]; femoro-tibial suture technique 1 [FTS-1] and femoro-tibial suture technique 2 [FTS-2]). Radiographic examination of the relative position of the tibia to the fixed femur was compared. Stabilization of the stifle joint with lateral sutures had comparable stability to the intact specimens in the cranio-caudal direction (p = 0.2) but not in the proximo-distal direction for the SFT (p = 0.04) and FTS-2 technique (p = 0.03). There was no significant difference between the three stabilization techniques (p >0.05). Lateral sutures placed with bone anchors at quasi-isometric points performed better than SFT and FTS-2 in stabilizing the feline stifle after CrCL rupture in the proximo-distal plane. Biomechanical stability in the cranio-caudal plane after placement of a lateral suture across the feline stifle was similar to the intact CrCL.

  7. Antibacterial Surgical Silk Sutures Using a High-Performance Slow-Release Carrier Coating System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaojie; Hou, Dandan; Wang, Lu; Zhang, Qian; Zou, Jiahan; Sun, Gang

    2015-10-14

    Sutures are a vital part for surgical operation, and suture-associated surgical site infections are an important issue of postoperative care. Antibacterial sutures have been proved to reduce challenging complications caused by bacterial infections. In recent decades, triclosan-free sutures have been on their way to commercialization. Alternative antibacterial substances are becoming relevant to processing surgical suture materials. Most of the antibacterial substances are loaded directly on sutures by dipping or coating methods. The aim of this study was to optimize novel antibacterial braided silk sutures based on levofloxacin hydrochloride and poly(ε-caprolactone) by two different processing sequences, to achieve suture materials with slow-release antibacterial efficacy and ideal physical and handling properties. Silk strands were processed into sutures on a circular braiding machine, and antibacterial treatment was introduced alternatively before or after braiding by two-dipping-two-rolling method (M1 group and M2 group). The antibacterial activity and durability against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were tested. Drug release profiles were measured in phosphate buffer with different pH values, and release kinetics model was built to analyze the sustained drug release mechanism between the interface of biomaterials and the in vitro aqueous environment. Knot-pull tensile strength, thread-to-thread friction, and bending stiffness were determined to evaluate physical and handling properties of sutures. All coated sutures showed continuous antibacterial efficacy and slow drug release features for more than 5 days. Besides, treated sutures fulfilled U.S. Pharmacopoeia required knot-pull tensile strength. The thread-to-thread friction and bending stiffness for the M1 group changed slightly when compared with those of uncoated ones. However, physical and handling characteristics of the M2 group tend to approach those of monofilament ones. The novel suture

  8. The Intra-articular "Wave Sign" as a Landmark for Suture Anchor Placement in Arthroscopic Remplissage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Cynthia A; Garcia, Grant H; Degen, Ryan M; Liu, Joseph N; Dines, Joshua S

    2017-09-01

    In arthroscopic remplissage, surgeons may inadvertently pass sutures through the teres minor rather than the infraspinatus tendon. This misplacement of the sutures may lead to poor outcomes. The authors describe the novel use of the posterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament, known as the "wave sign," as a reliable intra-articular landmark for suture anchor placement to improve suture passage accuracy. Twelve cadaveric shoulders underwent arthroscopic remplissage by a fellowship-trained surgeon. During the first phase of the study, remplissage was performed on 6 specimens with standard technique. The intra-articular wave sign was visualized on all specimens. Specimens were dissected to the level of the joint, and the location of each suture anchor and suture pass was noted. Using the results from the first set of specimens, the surgeon performed remplissage in the second set of 6 specimens using specific measurements from intra-articular landmarks. On dissection of the initial 6 specimens, 75% of sutures were passed through the infraspinatus and 25% were passed through the teres minor. For the remaining 6 specimens, care was taken to place 1 suture anchor at the superior edge of the wave sign and 1 suture anchor 1 cm superior to the wave sign. When suture anchors were successfully passed above the superior tip of the wave sign, the likelihood of infraspinatus tendon penetration was 17 times greater. Placement of the suture anchors at or above the superior tip of the intra-articular wave sign most reliably produced capsulotenodesis of the infraspinatus muscle. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(5):e831-e835.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  9. Does the choice of suture material matter in anterior and posterior colporrhaphy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Ida; Söderberg, Marie Westergren; Kjaeldgaard, Anders; Ek, Marion

    2016-09-01

    The optimal suture material in traditional prolapse surgery is still controversial. Our aim was to investigate the effect of using sutures with rapid (RA) or slow (SA) absorption, on symptomatic recurrence after anterior and posterior colporrhaphy. A population-based longitudinal cohort study with data from the Swedish National Quality Register for Gynecological Surgery. A total of 1,107 women who underwent primary anterior colporrhaphy and 577 women who underwent primary posterior colporrhaphy between September 2012 and September 2013 were included. Two groups in each cohort were created based on which suture material was used. Pre- and postoperative prolapse-related symptoms and patient satisfaction were assessed. We found a significantly lower rate of symptomatic recurrence 1 year after anterior colporrhaphy in the SA suture group compared with the RA suture group, 50 out of 230 (22 %) vs 152 out of 501 (30 %), odds ratio 1.6 (CI 1.1-2.3; p = 0.01). The SA group also had a significantly higher patient satisfaction rate, 83 % vs 75 %, odds ratio 1.6 (CI 1.04-2.4), (p = 0.03). Urgency improved significantly more in the RA suture group (p suture materials. This study indicates that the use of slowly absorbable sutures decreases the odds of having a symptomatic recurrence after an anterior colporrhaphy compared with the use of rapidly absorbable sutures. However, the use of RA sutures may result in less urgency 1 year postoperatively. In posterior colporrhaphy the choice of suture material does not affect postoperative symptoms.

  10. [Choice of surgical suture material used in oral cavity-clinical study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirković, Sinisa; Durdević-Mirković, Tatjana; Branislav, Bajkin; Sarcev, Ivan

    2010-01-01

    Historical data on closing and suturing of surgical wound describe a wide range of various suture materials. The choice of the surgical catgut, i.e. type and diameter, depends on the localization, characteristics and condition of the tissue to be treated. From the standpoint of oral-surgical practice the following clinical parameters are of the outstanding importance regarding the choice of suture material: accumulation of soft deposits on the sutures, decubitus of the adjacent soft tissues and dehiscence of the operative wound. The aim of this research was to determine the correlation between different types of suture materials and accumulation of soft deposits on the sutures, decubitus of the adjacent soft tissues and dehiscence of the operative wound. Our prospective clinical study included 150 patients distributed into three groups of 50 subjects. The surgical procedure performed on each patient involved resection (aplicoectomy) of the tooth root end in the intercanine sector of the upper jaw. The following suture materials were applied: BLACK SILK 5-0, NYLON 5-0 and VICRYL 5-0. The effects of the selected sutures were evaluated by using several parameters: accumulation of soft deposits, wound dehiscence and decubitus of the adjacent soft tissues. The effects of the applied sutures were recorded on days 2, 5 and 7 after the surgery. The comparison of cited parameters of the investigated materials of ter suture of oral cavity mucosa revealed that none of the used material was ideal; however a certain preference might be given to the synthetic monofilament suture materials.

  11. In vitro evaluation of novel antimicrobial coatings for surgical sutures using octenidine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obermeier, A; Schneider, J; Föhr, P; Wehner, S; Kühn, K-D; Stemberger, A; Schieker, M; Burgkart, R

    2015-09-24

    Sutures colonized by bacteria represent a challenge in surgery due to their potential to cause surgical site infections. In order to reduce these type of infections antimicrobially coated surgical sutures are currently under development. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial drug octenidine as a coating agent for surgical sutures. To achieve high antimicrobial efficacy and required biocompatibility for medical devices, we focused on optimizing octenidine coatings based on fatty acids. For this purpose, antimicrobial sutures were prepared with either octenidine-laurate or octenidine-palmitate at 11, 22, and 33 μg/cm drug concentration normalized per length of sutures. Octenidine containing sutures were compared to the commercial triclosan-coated suture Vicryl® Plus. The release of octenidine into aqueous solution was analyzed and long-term antimicrobial efficacy was assessed via agar diffusion tests using Staphylococcus aureus. For determining biocompatibility, cytotoxicity assays (WST-1) were performed using L-929 mouse fibroblasts. In a 7 days elution experiment, octenidine-palmitate coated sutures demonstrated much slower drug release (11 μg/cm: 7%; 22 μg/cm: 5%; 33 μg/cm: 33%) than octenidine-laurate sutures (11 μg/cm: 82%; 22 μg/cm: 88%; 33 μg/cm: 87%). Furthermore sutures at 11 μg/cm drug content were associated with acceptable cytotoxicity according to ISO 10993-5 standard and showed, similar to Vicryl® Plus, relevant efficacy to inhibit surrounding bacterial growth for up to 9 days. Octenidine coated sutures with a concentration of 11 μg/cm revealed high antimicrobial efficacy and biocompatibility. Due to their delayed release, palmitate carriers should be preferred. Such coatings are candidates for clinical testing in regard to their safety and efficacy.

  12. Hydrostatic comparison of nonpenetrating titanium clips versus conventional suture for repair of spinal durotomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulkner, Nathan D; Finn, Michael A; Anderson, Paul A

    2012-04-20

    Biomechanics. To compare the hydrostatic strength of suture and nonpenetrating titanium clip repairs of standard spinal durotomies. Dural tears are a frequent complication of spine surgery and can be associated with significant morbidity. Primary repair of durotomies with suture typically is attempted, but a true watertight closure can be difficult to obtain because of leakage through suture tracts. Nonpenetrating titanium clips have been developed for vascular anastomoses and provide a close apposition of the tissues without the creation of a suture tract. Twenty-four calf spines were prepared with laminectomies and the spinal cord was evacuated leaving an intact dura. After Foley catheters were inserted from each end and inflated adjacent to a planned dural defect, the basal flow rate was measured and a 1-cm longitudinal durotomy was made with a scalpel. Eight repairs were performed for each material, which included monofilament suture, braided suture, and nonpenetrating titanium clips. The flow rate at 30, 60, and 90 cm of water and the time needed for each closure were measured. There was no statistically significant difference in the baseline leak rate for all 3 groups. There was no difference in the leakage rate of durotomies repaired with clips and intact specimens at any pressure. Monofilament and braided suture repairs allowed significantly more leakage than both intact and clip-repaired specimens at all pressures. The difference in leak rate increased as the pressure increased. Closing the durotomy with clips took less than half the time of closure with suture. Nonpenetrating titanium clips provide a durotomy closure with immediate hydrostatic strength similar to intact dura whereas suture repair with either suture was significantly less robust. The use of titanium clips was more rapid than that of suture repair.

  13. A stitch in time saves nine: suture technique does not affect intestinal growth in a young, growing animal model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurien, Lori A; Wyrick, Deidre L; Smith, Samuel D; Maxson, R Todd

    2016-05-01

    Although this issue remains unexamined, pediatric surgeons commonly use simple interrupted suture for bowel anastomosis, as it is thought to improve intestinal growth postoperatively compared to continuous running suture. However, effects on intestinal growth are unclear. We compared intestinal growth using different anastomotic techniques during the postoperative period in young rats. Young, growing rats underwent small bowel transection and anastomosis using either simple interrupted or continuous running technique. At 7-weeks postoperatively after a four-fold growth, the anastomotic site was resected. Diameters and burst pressures were measured. Thirteen rats underwent anastomosis with simple interrupted technique and sixteen with continuous running method. No differences were found in body weight at first (102.46 vs 109.75g) or second operations (413.85 vs 430.63g). Neither the diameters (0.69 vs 0.79cm) nor burst pressures were statistically different, although the calculated circumference was smaller in the simple interrupted group (2.18 vs 2.59cm; p=0.03). No ruptures occurred at the anastomotic line. This pilot study is the first to compare continuous running to simple interrupted intestinal anastomosis in a pediatric model and showed no difference in growth. Adopting continuous running techniques for bowel anastomosis in young children may lead to faster operative time without affecting intestinal growth. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Outcome of repair of chronic tear of the pectoralis major using corkscrew suture anchors by box suture sliding technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Deepak; Jain, Jitesh Kumar; Chaudhary, Deepak; Singh, Utkarsh; Jain, Vineet; Lal, Ajay

    2016-01-01

    AIM To assess the functional and clinical results of repair of chronic tears of pectoralis major using corkscrew and sliding suture technique. METHODS In this retrospective study, we reviewed the results of pectoralis major repair in 11 chronic cases (> 6 wk) done between September 2011 and December 2014 at our institute. In all cases repair was done by same surgeon using corkscrew suture anchors and box suture sliding technique. At 6 mo, after surgery magnetic resonance imaging was done to see the integrity of the repair. Functional evaluation was done using Penn and ASES scores. Pre and postoperative Isokinetic strength was measured. RESULTS Average follow-up was 48.27 ± 21.0 mo. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to evaluate the outcome scores. The average ASES score increased from an average of 54.63 ± 13.0 preoperatively to 95.09 ± 2.60 after surgery at their last follow-up. The average Penn score also increased from 5.72 ± 0.78, 2.81 ± 1.32 and 45.81 ± 1.72 to 9.36 ± 0.80, 8.27 ± 0.90 and 59 ± 1.34 for pain, satisfaction and function respectively. Follow up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (at 6 mo) showed continuity and the bulk of pectoralis major muscle in all cases. Average isokinetic strength deficiency in horizontal adduction at 60° was 13.63% ± 6.93% and at 120° was 10.18% ± 4.93% and in flexion at 60° was 10.72% ± 5.08% and at 120° was 6.63% + 3.74%. Results showed that both ASES and Penn score improved significantly (2 tailed P value = 0.0036). CONCLUSION We could conclude from this series that pectoralis major repair even in chronic cases using 5.5 mm corkscrew anchors give excellent functional and cosmetic results. In chronic cases the repairable length of the tendon is not available and sliding suture technique allows for fixation of worn out tendomuscular junction to bone without letting cutting through the muscle. PMID:27795949

  15. Patella fracture after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction using suture anchors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhinsa, Baljinder Singh; Bhamra, Jagmeet Singh; James, Chris; Dunnet, William; Zahn, Helmut

    2013-12-01

    The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) acts as a soft tissue restraint to lateral subluxation of the patella, and is frequently damaged following patellar dislocation. A number of techniques for repair or reconstructions of the MPFL have been reported. We report two cases of patellar fracture following MPFL reconstruction utilizing suture anchors and bone tunnels that do not completely traverse the patella. The first case occurred seven months after surgery and the second case was at six weeks following surgery. There have been previous reports of patellar fracture following MPFL reconstruction, particularly when patellar tunnels completely traverse the patella. The authors decided to use suture anchors to reduce the risk of patellar fracture, and they feel that the fractures reported in this paper resulted from surgical error rather than system error. We feel that this is an important learning point when initially using this technique, and should be disseminated to other surgeons who undertake this surgery. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Relaxing incisions with compression sutures to reduce astigmatism after epikeratoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fronterre, A; Portesani, G P

    1990-01-01

    Relaxing incisions with compression sutures were performed in seven eyes with high astigmatism following epikeratoplasty for keratoconus and in one case of posttraumatic aphakia. Mean preoperative keratometric astigmatism was 7.64 +/- 2.51 diopters (range 5.50 D to 13.00 D) in the epikeratoplasties for keratoconus and about 10.00 D in the hyperopic epikeratoplasty. The surgical procedure consisted of a free-hand dissection perpendicular to the steeper meridian along the scar between the edge of the epikeratoplasty lenticule and the recipient cornea, with an additional incision into the recipient stroma to an approximate depth of 80%. Following the incisions, compression sutures were added 90 degrees away in the flatter meridian. After surgery, the net decrease in keratometric astigmatism was 6.50 D +/- 2.90 D (range 5.00 to 13.00 D) in the eyes with epikeratoplasty for keratoconus and 6.50 D in the eye with hyperopic epikeratoplasty. Uncorrected visual acuity improved in six eyes and remained unchanged in two eyes. Spectacle-corrected visual acuity improved in every eye and contact-lens-corrected visual acuity improved in seven eyes and was unchanged in one eye. This procedure, already employed for astigmatism correction after penetrating keratoplasty, was effective in decreasing astigmatism after epikeratoplasty.

  17. Suture rupture in acromioclavicular joint dislocations treated with flip buttons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motta, Pierorazio; Maderni, Alberto; Bruno, Laura; Mariotti, Umberto

    2011-02-01

    Acute acromioclavicular joint dislocations (ACDs) may be treated arthroscopically with flip buttons. This extra-articular fixation is easy to implant and is well tolerated. Between 2007 and 2009, 20 ACD patients (2 women and 18 men; mean age, 32 years) had surgery by the arthroscopic TightRope technique (Arthrex, Naples, FL). The main complication of this technique that has been reported is the partial loss of reduction at follow-up due to clavicular osteolysis under the superior flip button. We describe 4 cases with loss of reduction due to rupture of the sutures running across the buttons: 2 women with joint hyperlaxity and acute Rockwood grade IV ACD and 2 men, heavy manual workers, with joint hyperlaxity and acute Rockwood grade IV ACD. The use of flip buttons might not be indicated in patients with joint hyperlaxity because they are able to obtain immediate stability only on the vertical plane and not on the horizontal plane. Anteroposterior movements of the acromioclavicular joint might rub the suture against the bone tunnels leading to wear and cutting. Copyright © 2011 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Management of dislocated intraocular lenses with iris suture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, Mun Y; Ferreira, Nuno P; Canastro, Mario

    2017-01-19

    Subluxated or malpositioned intraocular lenses (IOLs) and inadequate capsular support is a challenge for every ophthalmic surgeon. Iris suture of an IOL seems to be an easy technique for the management of dislocated 3-piece IOL, allowing the IOL to be placed behind the iris, far from the trabecular meshwork and corneal endothelium. The purpose of this study is to assess the results of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and iris suture of dislocated 3-piece acrylic IOLs. In this retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional case consecutive study, of a total of 103 dislocated IOLs, 36 eyes were considered for analysis. All 36 eyes had subluxated or totally luxated 3-piece IOL and underwent iris suture at the Ophthalmology Department of Santa Maria Hospital-North Lisbon Hospital Center, Portugal, from January 2011 until November 2015. All patients underwent 3-port 23-G PPV. The optic zone of the dislocated IOL was placed anterior to the iris with the haptics behind, in the posterior chamber. Haptics were sutured to iris followed by placement of the optics behind iris plane. Postoperative measures included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), IOL position, intraocular pressure, pigment dispersion, clinical signs of endothelial cell loss, and development of macular edema. A total of 36 eyes of 36 patients were included. All underwent successful iris fixation of dislocated 3-piece IOL. Mean overall follow-up was 15.9 months (range 3-58 months). At presentation, 16 eyes (44.4%) had a luxated IOL and 20 eyes (55.6%) a subluxated IOL. As underlying cause, 17 eyes (47.2%) had a history of complicated cataract surgery, 5 eyes (13.9%) had a traumatic dislocation of the IOL, and 6 eyes (16.7%) had a previous vitreoretinal surgery. A total of 8 eyes (22.2%) had late spontaneous IOL dislocation after uneventful cataract surgery. The mean preoperative BCVA was 1.09 ± 0.70 logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) units and mean postoperative BCVA was 0.48 ± 0.58 of log

  19. Barbed Suture: A Review of the Technology and Clinical Uses in Obstetrics and Gynecology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, James A; Goldman, Randi H

    2013-01-01

    Surgical knots are simply a necessary evil needed to anchor smooth suture to allow it to function in its role in tissue reapproximation. Surgical knots reduce the tensile strength of all sutures by thinning and stretching the material. The tying of surgical knots introduces the potential of human error and interuser variability. Knot-secured smooth suture must create an uneven distribution of tension across the wound with the higher tension burdens placed at the knots. Given the excessive relative wound tension on the knot and the reasonable concerns of surgeons for suture failure due to knot slippage, there is a natural tendency toward overcoming these concerns by over-tightening knots; however, tighter knots may be worse for wound healing and strength than looser knots. In minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries, the ability to quickly and properly tie surgical knots presents a new challenge. In cases in which knot tying is difficult, the use of knotless barbed suture can securely reapproximate tissues with less time, cost, and aggravation. This article reviews the technology behind barbed sutures with a focus on understanding how they differ from traditional smooth sutures and how barbed sutures have performed in in vitro and animal model testing, as well as in human clinical trials. PMID:24920976

  20. A safety technique for Mitek anchor suture rupture: a useful trick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Diaa; Le Cocq, Heather; Majumder, Sanjib

    2011-09-01

    We propose that the simple method of passing an extra suture through the Mitek anchor eyelet before bony insertion provides a safety net against failure of the preloaded suture and gives extra strength to the core repair. Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. A novel technique of rotator cuff repair using spinal needle and suture loop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzaffar Nasir

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We present a simple technique of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using a spinal needle and suture loop. Methods With the arthroscope laterally, a spinal needle looped with PDS is inserted percutaneously into the shoulder posteriorly and penetrated through the healthy posterior cuff tear margin. Anteriorly, another spinal needle loaded with PDS is inserted percutaneously to engage the healthy tissue at the anterior tear margin. The suture in the anterior needle is then delivered into the suture loop of the posterior needle using a suture retriever. The posterior needle and loop are then pulled out carrying the anterior suture with it. The two limbs of this suture are then retrieved through a cannula for knotting. The same procedure is then repeated for additional suturing. Suture anchors placed over the greater tuberosity are used to complete the repair. Conclusion This is an easy method of rotator cuff repair using simple instruments and lesser time, hence can be employed at centers with less equipment and at reduced cost to the patient.

  2. Inter- and intra-operator variability associated with extracapsular suture tensioning: an ex vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, A L; Buffa, E A; Marchevsky, A M; Heller, J; Moores, A P; Farrell, M

    2012-01-01

    To determine inter- and intra- operator variability associated with extracapsular suture tensioning as performed during lateral fabello-tibial suture placement. Ex vivo study. Fifteen Greyhound cadaveric pelvic limbs were prepared by cutting the cranial cruciate ligament and placing an extracapsular fabello-tibial suture. On two occasions, three surgeons tensioned the extracapsular suture of each stifle. Stifles were returned to 135 degrees of flexion and the suture tension was measured using a commercially available suture tensioner with inbuilt tensiometer. Intra-operator and inter-operator agreement were assessed using the limits of agreement method. A linear mixed effects model was specified to assess the effect of operator, repeated estimates and stifle order on tension applied. The mean difference within the three operators ranged from 0 to 14.7N. With 95% limits of agreement, on most occasions for all three operators, the difference was between -31.7 and 41.0 N. The mean difference between the three operators ranged from 6.0 to 30.7 N. With 95% limits of agreement, on most occasions the difference between operators was between -25.6 and 62.5 N. Marked variation exists in the tension applied during fabello-tibial suture application, both within and between surgeons. This variation may lead to inconsistent clinical outcomes. Further studies are required to determine the clinical consequences of this marked variation in extracapsular suture tensioning.

  3. Improved Upper Blepharoplasty Outcome Using an Internal Intradermal Suture Technique : A Prospective Randomized Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pool, Shariselle M. W.; Krabbe-Timmerman, Irene S.; Cromheecke, Michel; van der Lei, Berend

    OBJECTIVETo assess whether a suture technique in upper blepharoplasty may be the cause of differences in the occurrence of suture abscess formation and focal inflammation.MATERIALS AND METHODSA Level I, randomized controlled trial. The upper blepharoplasty wound was closed with a running intradermal

  4. Healing of the goat anterior cruciate ligament after a new suture repair technique and bioscaffold treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nguyen, D. Tan; Geel, Jurre; Schulze, Martin; Raschke, Michael J.; Woo, Savio L.-Y.; van Dijk, C. Niek; Blankevoort, Leendert

    2013-01-01

    Primary suture repair of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has been used clinically in an attempt to heal the ruptured ACL. The results, however, were not satisfactory, which in retrospect can be attributed to the used suturing technique and the suboptimal healing conditions. These constraining

  5. Interactive Virtual Suturing Simulations: Enhancement of Student Learning in Veterinary Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staton, Amy J.; Boyd, Christine B.

    2013-01-01

    This capstone addresses an instructional gap in the Morehead State University Veterinary Technology Program and in other similar programs around the globe. Students do not retain the knowledge needed to proficiently complete suture patterns nor do students receive sufficient instructional time during the year to master each suture pattern that is…

  6. Antibacterial-Coated Suture in Reducing Surgical Site Infection in Breast Surgery: A Prospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enora Laas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. To reduce the incidence of microbial colonization of suture material, Triclosan- (TC-coated suture materials have been developed. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of suture-related complications (SRC in breast surgery with and without the use of TC-coated sutures. Methods. We performed a study on two consecutive periods: 92 patients underwent breast surgery with conventional sutures (Group 1 and 98 with TC-coated sutures (Group 2. We performed subgroups analyses and developed a model to predict SRC in Group 1 and tested its clinical efficacy in Group 2 using a nomogram-based approach. Results. The SRC rates were 13% in Group 1 and 8% in Group 2. We found that some subgroups may benefit from TC-coated sutures. The discrimination obtained from a logistic regression model developed in Group 1 and based on multifocality, age and axillary lymphadenectomy was 0.88 (95% CI 0.77–0.95 (. There was a significant difference in Group 2 between predicted probabilities and observed percentages (. The predicted and observed proportions of complications in the high-risk group were 38% and 13%, respectively. Conclusion. This study used individual predictions of SRC and showed that using TC-coated suture may prevent SRC. This was particularly significant in high-risk patients.

  7. The effect of repeated ethylene oxide sterilization on the mechanical strength of synthetic absorbable sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, T O; Brown, S A; Merritt, K; McNamee, S G; Hitchins, V M

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of repeated ethylene oxide sterilization using a standard clinical protocol on sutures, a type of medical device labeled for single use and reported to be reprocessed for use after being opened but not used. Four types of commonly used synthetic absorbable sutures were subjected to 1 and 2 ethylene oxide resterilization cycles. Knot tensile strength was determined for new sutures and for sutures that had been subjected to 1 and 2 ethylene oxide resterilization cycles. As has been found with other types of single-use devices, no general conclusions can be made for absorbable sutures. The strengths of different types of sutures increased, decreased, or stayed the same after repeated sterilization. In addition, the inner packages of some sutures were not intact after reprocessing, possibly exposing the sutures to increased humidity, which can produce degradation leading to loss of strength both immediately and after additional shelf aging and degraded performance after clinical use.

  8. Early secondary suture versus healing by second intention of incisional abscesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, G G; Bagi, P; Christoffersen, I

    1988-01-01

    A controlled trial was set up to compare the treatment of wound abscesses, occurring after laparotomy, with either early secondary suture combined with cefuroxime and metronidazole given intravenously or by healing by second intention. The secondary suture was performed two days after wound...

  9. Critical Anatomy Relative to the Sacral Suture: A Postoperative Imaging Study After Robotic Sacrocolpopexy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisp, Catrina C; Herfel, Charles V; Pauls, Rachel N; Westermann, Lauren B; Kleeman, Steven D

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to characterize pertinent anatomy relative to the sacral suture placed at time of robotic sacrocolpopexy using postoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. A vascular clip was placed at the base of the sacral suture at the time of robotic sacrocolpopexy. Six weeks postoperatively, subjects returned for a computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging. Ten subjects completed the study. The middle sacral artery and vein coursed midline or to the left of midline in all the subjects. The left common iliac vein was an average of 26 mm from the sacral suture. To the right of the suture, the right common iliac artery was 18 mm away. Following the right common iliac artery to its bifurcation, the right internal iliac was on average 10 mm from the suture. The bifurcations of the inferior vena cava and the aorta were 33 mm and 54 mm further cephalad, respectively.The right ureter, on average, was 18 mm from the suture. The thickness of the anterior longitudinal ligament was 2 mm.The mean angle of descent of the sacrum was 70 degrees. Lastly, we found that 70% of the time, a vertebral body was directly below the suture; the disc was noted in 30%. We describe critical anatomy surrounding the sacral suture placed during robotic sacrocolpopexy. Proximity of both vascular and urologic structures within 10 to 18 mm, as well as anterior ligament thickness of only 2 mm highlights the importance of adequate exposure, careful dissection, and surgeon expertise.

  10. Biomechanical comparison of an all-soft suture anchor with a modified Broström-Gould suture repair for lateral ligament reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Christopher A; Hurwit, Daniel; Behn, Anthony; Hunt, Kenneth J

    2014-02-01

    Anatomic repair is indicated for patients who have recurrent lateral ankle instability despite nonoperative measures. There is no difference in repair stiffness, failure torque, or failure angle between specimens repaired with all-soft suture anchors versus the modified Broström-Gould technique with sutures only. Controlled laboratory study. In 10 matched pairs of human cadaveric ankles, the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) was incised from its origin on the fibula. After randomization, 1 ankle was repaired to its anatomic insertion using two 1.4-mm JuggerKnot all-soft suture anchors; the other ankle was repaired with a modified Broström-Gould technique using 2-0 FiberWire. All were augmented using the inferior extensor retinaculum. All ankles were mounted to the testing machine in 20° of plantar flexion and 15° of internal rotation and loaded to failure after the repair. Stiffness, failure torque, and failure angle were recorded and compared using a paired Student t test with a significance level set at P anchors pulled out of bone. The primary mode of failure was pulling through the ATFL tissue. There was no statistical difference in strength or stiffness between a 1.4-mm all-soft suture anchor and a modified Broström-Gould repair with 2-0 FiberWire. The primary mode of failure was at the tissue level rather than knot failure or anchor pullout. The particular implant choice (suture only, tunnel, anchor) in repairing the lateral ligament complex may not be as important as the time to biological healing. The suture-only construct as described in the Broström-Gould repair was as strong as all-soft suture anchors, and the majority of the ankles failed at the tissue level. For those surgeons whose preference is to use anchor repair, this novel all-soft suture anchor may be an alternative to other larger anchors, as none failed by pullout.

  11. An in vivo comparison of barbed suture devices and conventional monofilament sutures for cosmetic skin closure: biomechanical wound strength and histology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaruby, Jeffrey; Gingras, Kristen; Taylor, Jack; Maul, Don

    2011-02-01

    Very little biomechanical or histological data exist in the peer-reviewed literature comparing absorbable monofilament sutures to commercially-available knotless, absorbable barbed suture devices for cosmetic closure of skin incisions. The authors compare two commercially-available knotless, barbed suture devices against a conventional monofilament suture in a porcine model for biomechanical wound strength and histological quality of healing. This prospective randomized trial included 18 animals randomly assigned among three groups, with six in each. A total of 192 incisions were closed in a porcine in vivo model and assessed for biomechanical strength and histology at postoperative Days 0, 3, 10, and 21. Each animal received all three test devices in a randomized, three-way matched design. Immediately following euthanasia, the skin incisions were excised for ex vivo biomechanical testing. In the ex vivo analysis, Biosyn proved significantly stronger than the V-Loc 90 device at Day 0 and Quill Monoderm at Day 3. At no time point was there any difference in biomechanical strength between the two barbed suture devices. Differences in barb geometry, barb number, and helicity between the two barbed suture devices resulted in failure modes that were significantly different. All three test articles resulted in mild tissue reaction scores on histology. The V-Loc 90 device consistently had the lowest tissue reaction scores at all time periods, with the difference between the V-Loc 90 device and Quill being significant at postoperative Day 10. Knotless, absorbable barbed suture devices are a safe and efficacious alternative for cosmetic skin closures and yield wound strength and tissue reaction scores that are comparable to those from closures performed with absorbable monofilament sutures and secured with knots.

  12. [Prevention of surgical infection using reabsorbable antibacterial suture (Vicryl Plus) versus reabsorbable conventional suture in hernioplasty. An experimental study in animals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suárez Grau, Juan Manuel; De Toro Crespo, María; Docobo Durántez, Fernando; Rubio Chaves, Carolina; Martín Cartes, Juan Antonio; Docobo Pérez, Fernando

    2007-06-01

    Surgical site infections are frequent in daily surgical practice. One of the main challenges currently facing surgeons is the prevention and treatment of infections, especially those involving prosthetic material. A new suture (Vicryl Plus) has become available. In vitro studies and experimental models have demonstrated the ability of this suture to inhibit bacterial growth and consequently prevent postsurgical infection. To compare infections provoked in prosthetic implants fixed with reabsorbable conventional sutures with those in meshes fixed with reabsorbable sutures with antiseptic impregnation. Twenty white Wistar rats were used. In each rat, two hernioplasties were performed: one fixed with Vicryl Plus and the other with normal Vicryl. Subsequently, each polypropylene mesh was infected with S. aureus, and the rats remained in individual cages for a week. After 1 week, the rats were sacrificed and the meshes were extracted for macroscopic, microscopic and microbiologic study. Most of the meshes fixed with the new suture (Vicryl Plus) showed macroscopically fewer infections than those fixed with conventional suture, without abscesses and without dehiscence of the hernioplasty. In the microbiological quantitative bacterial study, the number of bacteria quantified per gram of sample was also lower in prostheses fixed with Vicryl Plus. Pathological analysis showed lesser colonization of the mesh and lower inflammatory response with Vicryl Plus than with normal Vicryl. In the statistical analysis, comparison of the medians of both groups and the interquartile ranges of microbial quantification revealed a lower infection rate in the Vicryl Plus group. The infection rate in the surgical site can be reduced by mesh fixation using the new antimicrobial suture (Vicryl Plus). We believe that this type of suture constitutes a new weapon in the fight against postoperative infection, especially in hernioplasty, emergency surgery, and dirty or potentially contaminated

  13. Comparison of antibacterial-coated and non-coated suture material in intraoral surgery by isolation of adherent bacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Pelz

    2015-09-01

    In terms of the total number of oral bacteria, and especially oral pathogens, that adhered to suture material, no reduction was demonstrated for Vicryl Plus. The use of triclosan-coated suture material offers no advantage in intraoral surgery.

  14. An innovative method to evaluate the suture compliance in sealing the surgical wound lips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Farid; Palmieri, Beniamino; Lodi, Danielle; Al-Sebeih, Khalid

    2008-01-01

    Background and aim: The increasing number of surgical procedures performed with local anesthesia, followed by immediate patient discharge from the hospital, emphasizes the need for a tight waterproof suture that is capable of maintaining its tensile strength in the postoperative phase when the wound tumescence, edema due to the anesthetic drug, and surgical trauma disappear. Moreover, the issue of having an accurate surgical wound closure is very relevant in vivo in order to prevent hemorrhage and exogenous microbial infections. This study aimed at designing a new a lab technique that could be used for evaluating the best surgical material. Using such a technique, we compared the wound-lip-sealing properties of three commonly-used suture threads, namely polyurethane, polypropylene, and polyamide. Materials and methods: The mechanical properties of same-size suture threads made from polyurethane, polypropylene, and polyamide, were compared in order to define the one that possess the best elastic properties by being able to counteract the tension-relaxation process in the first 12 hours following surgery. The tension holding capacity of the suture materials was measured in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. The surface area of the scar associated with the three different suture threads was measured and compared, and the permeability of the three different suture threads was assessed at 0 minute, 2 minute, 4 minute, 6 minute, and 8 minute- interval. Results: Results showed that polyurethane suture threads had significantly (P suture threads. Moreover, polyurethane suture threads were significantly (P suture thread types (polypropylene and polyamide). This impermeability was also associated with a tighter wound-lip-sealing ability, and with significantly (P suturing. This always raises the question about which suture to use to avoid the above problems. This study provides evidence that the new technique developed in our lab could be used to compare the wound

  15. Effect of human urine on the tensile strength of sutures used for hypospadias surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerstein, Ryan L; Sedaghati, Tina; Seifalian, Alexander M; Kang, Norbert

    2013-06-01

    Hypospadias is the most common congenital condition affecting between 1 in 250 and 300 live births. Even in experienced hands, surgery to repair this congenital defect can have a high complication rate. Wound dehiscence is reported to occur in 5% and fistula formation in 6%-40% depending on technique. The choice of suture material has been shown to affect the complication rate although there is (currently) no consensus about the best suture material to use. Ideally, the sutures used for urethroplasty should be absorbable while maintaining sufficient mechanical strength to support the wounds until they are self-supporting and able to resist urinary flow. Previous studies have compared the effects of human urine on different suture materials especially catgut. However, catgut is now banned in Europe. Our study examined the tensile and breaking strength as well as rate of degradation for four types of absorbable suture now commonly used for hypospadias repairs in the UK. We examined the effect of prolonged storage (up to 27 days) in human urine on 6/0 gauge Vicryl, Vicryl Rapide, Monocryl and polydioxanone (PDS) sutures. These four suture materials are commonly used by the senior plastic consultant surgeon (NK) for hypospadias repairs. 50 mm sections of these suture materials were stored in either urine or saline as control. At specified time points, each suture was placed in a uniaxial load testing machine to assess the stress-strain profile and the mechanical load required to break the suture was measured. Exposure to urine reduced the tensile and breaking strength of all the suture materials tested. PDS demonstrated the greatest resilience. Vicryl Rapide was the weakest suture and degraded completely by day 6. Vicryl and Monocryl had similar degradation profiles, but Vicryl retained more of its tensile strength for longer. There is a balance to be struck between the duration that a suture material must remain in any surgical wound and the risk that it causes

  16. Tensions generated in a lateral fabellotibial suture model. Comparison of methods of application of tension, fixation of tension and suture material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, A F; Horstman, C; Mason, D R

    2015-01-01

    To compare suture tension on a simulated lateral fabellotibial suture model using various methods of application of tension, fixation, and suture materials. Veterinarians constructed simulated lateral fabellotibial suture constructs on a tying stand with a force sensor. Participants used combinations of 45 kg test monofilament nylon, metric 7 braided polyethylene, crimps, crimper, or knots, with their choice of instruments to secure the constructs. The tension in completed constructs was measured and comparisons were made between nylon and polyethylene, the use of crimps compared to knots, and the use of a mechanical distractor compared to hand tightening techniques. A value of p tensions generated ranged from 1.4-171.0N. The median tension of nylon sutures (43.9N ± 44.7N) was significantly greater than polyethylene sutures (9.5 N ± 19.6N). The median tension of constructs secured with crimps (62.8N ± 42.4N) was significantly greater than constructs secured with knots (11.8 N ± 14.8N). The mechanical distractor generated significantly higher median tension (78N ± 50.4N), compared to methods without the device (18.6 N ± 25.1N). There was a large variability in the tension generated in simulated lateral fabellotibial constructs. Veterinarians who used nylon, crimps, and the mechanical tensioner generated constructs with greater tensions.

  17. A randomized study comparing traditional monofilament knotted sutures with barbed knotless sutures for donor leg wound closure in coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnamoorthy, Bhuvaneswari; Shepherd, Niamh; Critchley, William R; Nair, Janesh; Devan, Nehru; Nasir, Abdul; Barnard, James B; Venkateswaran, Rajamiyer V; Waterworth, Paul D; Fildes, James E; Yonan, Nizar

    2016-02-01

    Surgical knots on the suture line provide an anchoring function, but also represent a potential source of infection and irritation on the donor leg after coronary artery bypass surgery. Knotless barbed sutures were designed to prevent knot-related complications. This study compared knot-related wound complication rates between patients receiving traditional monofilament sutures and those receiving barbed knotless sutures for closure of the donor leg. One hundred and forty-two patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (n = 70) received traditional monofilament sutures and Group 2 (n = 72) received barbed knotless sutures. All wounds were assessed on postoperative days 3 and 5 and weeks 2, 4 and 6 using a validated wound scoring system. Antibiotics usage and general practitioner and district nurse visits were recorded. No demographic differences were observed between groups. Leg wound skin closure times were significantly shorter in Group 2 compared with Group 1 (P adverse skin tissue reactions (P adverse skin tissue reactions that may delay postoperative wound healing. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  18. Nonabsorbable-Suture-Induced Osteomyelitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Hong Yeo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We are reporting a case of nonabsorbable suture-induced osteomyelitis in patient who had an open rotator cuff repair with nonabsorbable Ethibond anchor suture. Patient in this case presented with very subtle clinical features of osteomyelitis of the left proximal humerus 15 years after initial rotator cuff repair surgery. Literature had shown that deep infection following rotator cuff repairs, although rare, can be easily missed and can cause severe complications. Absorbable suture had been demonstrated to be more superior, in terms of rate of deep infection, as compared to nonabsorbable suture when used in rotator cuff repair surgery. Both absorbable and nonabsorbable suture had been demonstrated to have similar mechanical properties by several different studies. The case demonstrated that initial presentation of deep infection can be subtle and easily missed by clinicians and leads to further complications.

  19. Chronic complaints after simple sutured repair for umbilical or epigastric hernias may be related to recurrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westen, Mikkel; Christoffersen, Mette W; Jorgensen, Lars N

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Umbilical and epigastric hernia repairs are minor, but are commonly conducted surgical procedures. Long-term results have only been sparsely investigated. Our objective was to investigate the risk of chronic complaints after a simple sutured repair for small umbilical and epigastric...... hernias. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with a 5-year questionnaire and clinical follow-up was conducted. Patients undergoing primary elective, open non-mesh umbilical or epigastric sutured hernia repair were included. Patients completed a structured questionnaire regarding chronic complaints...... or mild complaints (78.6 vs. 22.2 % (P suture (20.1 %) compared with non-absorbable suture repair (4.2 %) (P sutured umbilical or epigastric repair...

  20. Performance of fast-absorbable suture and histo-glue in closing incisions in Brown trout

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Niels; Larsen, Martin Hage; Aarestrup, Kim

    2017-01-01

    ways to close incisions, typically for implants of tags under field conditions. Problems are regularly encountered when closing incisions with traditional absorbable or non-absorbable suture, including decreased growth, slow wound healing, erythema and necrosis at sutures. In this study, survival......, growth, tag expulsion rate and incision healing was compared among three groups of dummy transmitter-tagged wild brown trout Salmo trutta where incisions were closed with two types of suture material (absorbable vs. fast absorbable) and Histo-glue. The tagged fish were kept in semi-natural ponds for 20...... days. Survival did not differ between groups, but growth of the tagged fish was lower than that of the control group. Histo-glue gave the best healing, but resulted in high tag loss rate (33%). The fast absorbable suture did not disappear faster than normal absorbable suture, healing and tag loss...

  1. Lateral intercrural suture in the caucasian nose: Decreased domal divergence angle in endonasal rhinoplasty without delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berger, Cezar Augusto Sarraf

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Several techniques can be performed to improve nasal tip definition such as cartilage resection, tip grafts, or sutures. Objective: To evaluate the outcome of lateral intercrural suture at the lower lateral cartilage by endonasal rhinoplasty with a basic technique without delivery in decreasing the angle of domal divergence and improving the nasal tip definition. Method: This prospective study was performed in 64 patients in which a suture was made on the board head of the lower lateral cartilage in the joint between the dome and lateral crus, using polydioxanone (PDS with sharp, curved needle. Results: In all of the cases, better definition of the nasal tip was achieved by intercrural suturing for at least 6 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Lateral intercrural suture of the lower lateral cartilage provides improved nasal tip definition and can be performed by endonasal rhinoplasty without delivery in the Caucasian nose.

  2. UTERINE COMPRESSION SUTURES: A METHOD OF SURGICAL HAEMOSTASIS DURING CAESAREAN DELIVERY (HYSTEROSCOPIC ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Petrovna Evseeva

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: to assess the efficiency of uterine compression sutures in treatment of severe postpartum hemorrhage. Materials and methods: 55 patients who had been performed cesarean section from 2013 to 2015 were examined. The basic group included 25 patients with uterine compression sutures that had been performed to stop severe postpartum hemorrhage, the control group – 30 patients without severe postpartum hemorrhage. The main outcome measures were the ability to stop hemorrhage, complications of postpartum period and the assessment of the uterine cavity by hysteroscopy. Results: uterine compression sutures stopped postpartum hemorrhage in 19 of 25 cases (76%. None of the women developed postpartum period complications related to the procedure. Ten women underwent hysteroscopy after uterine compression sutures. Two women (20% had ligature in the uterine cavity. Conclusion: Our results suggest that uterine compression sutures is an effective and safe treatment for postpartum haemorrhage.

  3. A new surgical technique using steel suture for trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses

    OpenAIRE

    Ram, Jagat; Gupta, Nishant; Chaudhary, Manish; Verma, Neelam

    2013-01-01

    Background: A new emerging complication of trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lens (IOL) with polypropylene suture is high rates of spontaneous dislocation of the IOL due to disintegration or breakage of suture. Materials: We report a new surgical technique of trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lens (SF PCIOL) with steel suture to eliminate the complication of dislocation of IOL fixed with polypropylene suture in one adult and a child. Results: W...

  4. Influence of surgical suture properties on the tribological interactions with artificial skin by a capstan experiment approach

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Gangqiang; Ren, Tianhui; Zeng, Xiangqiong; Van Der Heide, Emile

    2017-01-01

    Tribological interactions between surgical suture and human tissue play an important role in the stitching process. The purpose of the paper is to understanding the tribological behavior of surgical suture interacting with artificial skin, with respect to surgical suture material and structure, by means of a capstan experiment approach and a contact area model. The results indicated that structure and surface topography of the surgical suture had a pronounced effect on the tribological intera...

  5. Mitral annuloplasty ring suture forces: Impact of surgeon, ring, and use conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Eric L; Bloodworth, Charles H; Siefert, Andrew W; Easley, Thomas F; Takayama, Tetsushi; Kawamura, Tomonori; Gorman, Robert C; Gorman, Joseph H; Yoganathan, Ajit P

    2018-01-01

    The study objective was to quantify the effect of ring type, ring-annulus sizing, suture position, and surgeon on the forces required to tie down and constrain a mitral annuloplasty ring to a beating heart. Physio (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, Calif) or Profile 3D (Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) annuloplasty rings were instrumented with suture force transducers and implanted in ovine subjects (N = 23). Tie-down forces and cyclic contractile forces were recorded and analyzed at 10 suture positions and at 3 levels of increasing peak left ventricular pressure. Across all conditions, tie-down force was 2.7 ± 1.4 N and cyclic contractile force was 2.0 ± 1.2 N. Tie-down force was not meaningfully affected by any factor except surgeon. Significant differences in overall and individual tie-down forces were observed between the 2 primary implanting surgeons. No other factors were observed to significantly affect tie-down force. Contractile suture forces were significantly reduced by ring-annulus true sizing. This was driven almost exclusively by Physio cases and by reduction along the anterior aspect, where dehiscence is less common clinically. Contractile suture forces did not differ significantly between ring types. However, when undersizing, Profile 3D forces were significantly more uniform around the annular circumference. A suture's tie-down force did not correlate to its eventual contractile force. Mitral annuloplasty suture loading is influenced by ring type, ring-annulus sizing, suture position, and surgeon, suggesting that reports of dehiscence may not be merely a series of isolated errors. When compared with forces known to cause suture dehiscence, these in vivo suture loading data aid in establishing potential targets for reducing the occurrence of ring dehiscence. Copyright © 2017 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Corneal topography-guided penetrating keratoplasty and suture adjustment: new approach for astigmatism control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinciguerra, Paolo; Epstein, Daniel; Albè, Elena; Spada, Fernando; Incarnato, Nadia; Orzalesi, Nicola; Rosetta, Pietro

    2007-07-01

    To describe a new keratoplasty procedure using intraoperative topography to reduce postoperative astigmatism. One hundred sixty-five eyes of 150 consecutive patients were enrolled in this prospective study. The most common diagnosis was keratoconus (78.8%). As many as 5.5% had post-laser in situ keratomileusis ectasia. Keratoplasty was performed with the Hanna Corneal Trephine System. A 24-bite running suture was placed, using a specially developed marker. Suture adjustment was performed with the aid of an intraoperative topographer (Keratron Scout; OPTIKON 2000, Rome, Italy). The aim of the adjustment was to obtain an astigmatism 3.0 D of astigmatism at 1 month after surgery, suture adjustment was performed using the same intraoperative topographer. At 12 months postoperatevely (suture in), data from 108 (64%) eyes were available. The mean refractive astigmatism was 3.53 D, and the mean topographical astigmatism was 4.7 D. At 18 months (suture out), data from 32 eyes (19.4%) were available, and at 24 months, data from 29 eyes (13.3%) were available. The mean refractive astigmatism was 3.39 D at 18 months and 3.47 D at 24 months. The mean topographic astigmatism was 2.30 D at 18 months and 1.76 D at 24 months. Mean best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) was 0.51 at 3 months, 0.63 at 12 months (suture in), 0.67 at 18 months (suture out), and 0.78 at 24 months postoperatively. The combination of intraoperative topography and a 24-bite single running suture resulted in a stable astigmatism throughout the follow-up period, even after suture removal. BSCVA reached a 20/40 level as early as 3 months postoperatively and continued to rise after suture removal. The stability of astigmatism and BSCVA shortened the postoperative visual rehabilitation time and provided a high quality of vision early in the postoperative period.

  7. A Novel Suture-Based Method for Efficient Transplantation of Stem Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyette, Jacques P.; Fakharzadeh, Michael; Burford, Evans J.; Tao, Ze-wei; Pins, George D.; Rolle, Marsha W.; Gaudette, Glenn R.

    2012-01-01

    Advances in regenerative medicine have improved the potential of using cellular therapy for treating several diseases. However, the effectiveness of new cellular therapies is largely limited by low cell engraftment and inadequate localization. To improve upon these limitations, we developed a novel delivery mechanism using cell-seeded biological sutures. Herein, we demonstrate the ability of cell-seeded biological sutures to efficiently implant human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to specific regions within the beating heart; a tissue known to have low cell retention and engraftment shortly after delivery. Cell-seeded biological sutures were developed by bundling discrete microthreads extruded from extracellular matrix proteins, attaching a surgical needle to the bundle, and seeding the bundle with hMSCs. Prior to cell preparation, hMSCs were loaded with quantum dot (QD) nanoparticles for cell tracking within the myocardium. Each biological suture contained an average of 5,903 ± 1,966 hMSCs/cm suture length. Delivery efficiency was evaluated by comparing cell-seeded biological suture implantation with intramyocardial cell injections (10,000 hMSCs in 35 µL) into the left ventricle of normal, non-infarcted rat hearts after one hour. Delivery efficiency of hMSCs by biological sutures (63.6 ± 10.6%) was significantly higher than intramyocardial injection (11.8 ± 6.2%; p suture-delivered hMSCs were found throughout the thickness of the ventricular myocardium; along the entire length of the biological suture track, localizing closely with native myocardium. These results suggest cell-seeded biological sutures can deliver cells to the heart more efficiently than conventional methods, demonstrating an effective delivery method for implanting cells in soft tissue. PMID:22961975

  8. B-Lynch uterine compression sutures in the conservative surgical management of uterine atony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Baris; Tuten, Abdullah; Daglar, Korkut; Onkun, Murat; Sucu, Seyhun; Dogan, Askin; Unal, Orhan; Guralp, Onur

    2015-05-01

    To evaluate the success rate and possible complications of the B-Lynch uterine compression sutures in women who suffered from postpartum uterine atony unresponsive to medical treatment. A total of 36 women who were managed with the B-Lynch suture, with or without additional surgical procedures following uterine atony unresponsive to medical treatment, were evaluated retrospectively. Sixteen women were primarily managed with the B-Lynch compression sutures, and 11 women had the B-Lynch compression sutures following failure of achievement of hemostasis by ligation of uterine artery alone (n = 4), or uterine artery plus uterine branch of ovarian artery (n = 7). Eight women had bilateral internal iliac artery ligation (BIIAL) following failure of achievement of hemostasis by the B-Lynch compression sutures. Two women (5.5%) underwent post-cesarean hysterectomy. The overall success rate of B-Lynch was 75% (27/36), and the overall success rate of B-Lynch plus BIIAL was 94.4% (34/36). Three women were admitted to the intensive care unit. There was no death related to the hemorrhage in our series. No short-term complications such as uterine necrosis, hematometra, pyometra, or uterine erosion related to the uterine compression suture were observed. Overall success rate of the B-Lynch sutures and B-Lynch sutures plus BIIAL was 75 and 94.4%, respectively. The B-Lynch technique does not necessarily require specific suture material. Uterine devascularization or BIIAL did not increase the risk of the possible short-term complications such as uterine necrosis. In case of failure of the B-Lynch uterine compression sutures, BIIAL may be beneficial to save the uterus.

  9. Biomechanical evaluation of suture holding properties of native and tissue engineered articular cartilage

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuRaine, GD; Arzi, B; Lee, JK; Lee, CA; Responte, DJ; Hu, JC; Athanasiou, KA

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to determine suture-holding properties of tissue engineered neocartilage relative to native articular cartilage. To this end, suture pull-out strength was quantified for native articular cartilage and for neocartilages possessing various mechanical properties. Methods Suture holding properties were examined in vitro and in vivo. Neocartilage from bovine chondrocytes was engineered using two sets of exogenous stimuli resulting in neotissue of different biochemical compositions. Compressive and tensile properties and glycosaminoglycan, collagen, and pyridinoline cross-link contents were assayed (study 1). Suture pull-out strength was compared between neocartilage constructs, and bovine and leporine native cartilage. Uniaxial pull-out test until failure was performed after passing 6-0 Vicryl through each tissue (study 2). Subsequently, neocartilage was implanted into a rabbit model to examine short-term suture holding ability in vivo (study 3). Results Neocartilage glycosaminoglycan and collagen content per wet weight reached 4.55% ± 1.62% and 4.21 ± 0.77%, respectively. Tensile properties for neocartilage constructs reached 2.6 ± 0.77 MPa for Young’s modulus and 1.39 ± 0.63 MPa for ultimate tensile strength. Neocartilage reached ~33% of suture pull-out strength of native articular cartilage. Neocartilage cross-link content reached 50% of native values, and suture pull-out strength correlated positively with cross-link content (R2=0.74). Neocartilage sutured into rabbit osteochondral defects was successfully maintained for 3 weeks. Conclusion This study shows that pyridinoline cross-links in neocartilage may be vital in controlling suture pull-out strength. Neocartilage produced in vitro with one-third of native tissue pull-out strength appears sufficient for construct suturing and retention in vivo. PMID:24848644

  10. The removal of 10/0 polyester (Mersilene) sutures after small incision congenital cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Sela, S M; Spierer, O; Spierer, A

    2008-01-01

    To evaluate the use of 10/0 polyester (Mersilene) sutures for closure of small corneal incision after congenital cataract surgery. The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 58 cases (42 patients) who underwent congenital cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation between 1999 and 2004, using Mersilene sutures. An examination looking for suture-related complications and retinoscopy was done 1 week after surgery and then every month for 6 months. The sutures were removed in cases of local tissue reaction, but not due to high postoperative astigmatism. Paired t-test was used to compare patients' age and astigmatism level in those cases who had suture removal (Group 1) as opposed to those who did not (Group 2). In 10 cases (17%) corneal vascularization, necessitating suture removal, was found during 6-month follow-up period, without the trigger of loose suture. Patient age was 3.5+/-3.3 years and 4.4+/3.3 years in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. At 1 week postoperatively the astigmatism value was 1.7+/-1.7 diopter (D) and 2.3+/-2.2 D in Groups 1 and 2, respectively, and it reduced to 0.9+/-0.8 in both groups at 6 months postoperatively. One case of endophthalmitis was encountered 2 days after suture removal. Removal of Mersilene sutures after congenital cataract surgery is required in cases of corneal vascularization, occurring during the first months postoperatively. Owing to the risk of general anesthesia and infection, suture removal should be considered with caution in cases of postoperative astigmatism.

  11. End-on extramucosal single layer suture with double anchoring in the submucosa on rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nascimento Luiz Roberto do

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The techniques of gastrointestinal surgical sutures have been frequently focused in controversial publications. These ones concern not only anastomosis? types but also about thread types and how to apply them. The values of the submucosa as layer of greatest resistence of the digestive tube was already known since the past century. The aim of this study is to avaluate the suture in an extramucosal single-layer suture with double anchoring of the submucosa, a technical detail not found in the searched literature. This experiment was carried out using 36 white,male adults New Zealand, rabbits divided into three groups which differed only regarding day of re-operation and euthanasia, as followed: group I ( 4 days, group II (7 days and group III ( 15 days. Two transversal and parallel gastrotomies were perfomed in the same animal, one distal and other proximal, of with 4 cm extension each. In these gastrotomies two types of sutures were alternated : 1- End-on extramucosal single-layer suture and 2- End-on extramucosal single-layer suture, with double anchoring in the submucosa. Macroscopic and microscopic studies were perfomed on the suture line in both gastrotomies and in each period of euthanasia. Except for the serosa item whose results were similar for both sutures, statiscally, the extramucosal single-layer suture, with double anchoring of submucosa layer showed better macro and microscopic results than the extramucosal single-layer suture in group I (4 days. In the others periods of euthanasia (groups II and III, the statistical results were similar.

  12. Influence of surgical suture properties on the tribological interactions with artificial skin by a capstan experiment approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Gangqiang; Ren, Tianhui; Zeng, Xiangqiong; Van Der Heide, Emile

    2017-01-01

    Tribological interactions between surgical suture and human tissue play an important role in the stitching process. The purpose of the paper is to understanding the tribological behavior of surgical suture interacting with artificial skin, with respect to surgical suture material and structure, by

  13. Influence of surgical suture properties on the tribological interactions with artificial skin by a capstan experiment approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Gangqiang; Ren, Tianhui; Zeng, Xiangqiong; van der Heide, E.

    2017-01-01

    Tribological interactions between surgical suture and human tissue play an important role in the stitching process. The purpose of the paper is to understanding the tribological behavior of surgical suture interacting with artificial skin, with respect to surgical suture material and structure,

  14. Video self-assessment of basic suturing and knot tying skills by novice trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yinin; Tiemann, Debbie; Michael Brunt, L

    2013-01-01

    Self-assessment is important to learning but few studies have utilized video self-assessment of basic surgical skills. We compared a video self-assessment of suturing and knot tying skills by novice trainees to the assessment by a senior attending surgeon. Sixteen senior medical students and 7 beginner surgical interns were video-recorded while performing five suturing and knot tying tasks. All videos were analyzed using an objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) metrics (1-5 scale; 1 = novice, 5 = expert). Video self-assessment was carried out within 4 weeks of an instructional session and subsequently by one senior surgery instructor (blinded to the individual). Both a Global score and total combined OSATS scores were analyzed. Total possible OSATS scores were: interrupted suture-30, subcuticular closure-30, one and two-handed knot tying-25 each, tying in a restricted space 20; maximum combined score-130 points). Confidence levels in performing the tasks pre-test and the value of video self-assessment were rated on a 1-5 Likert scale (1 = low and 5 = high). Data are mean±SD and statistical significance was evaluated using Friedman's test. Self-assessment scoring was significantly higher than the assessment by a senior instructor for three tasks by global score and all five tasks by combined OSATS score (self-assessment 71.8±16.7 vs attending assessment 56.7±11.0, p = 0.007). Mean self-assessment Global scores ranged from 2.5 to 2.8 for all tasks performed compared to 1.8-2.3 for attending surgeon assessment (pvideo self-assessment was rated as a highly valuable (mean 4.3±0.8) component to skills training. Novice trainees over-estimate their basic technical skills performance compared to the assessment by a senior surgeon. Video self-assessment may be a valuable addition to a pre-residency and surgical internship preparatory curriculum in basic suturing and knot tying. Copyright © 2013 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published

  15. Biomechanical Comparison of a First- and a Second-Generation All-Soft Suture Glenoid Anchor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, John; Chiarappa, Frank; Haskel, Jonathan; Rice, Justin; Hyatt, Adam; Monica, James; Dhawan, Aman

    2017-07-01

    All-soft tissue suture anchors provide advantages of decreased removal of bone and decreased glenoid volume occupied compared with traditional tap or screw-in suture anchors. Previous published data have led to biomechanical concerns with the use of first-generation all-soft suture anchors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the load to 2-mm displacement and ultimate load to failure of a second-generation all-soft suture anchor, compared with a first-generation anchor and a traditional PEEK (polyether ether ketone) anchor. The null hypothesis was that the newer second-generation anchor will demonstrate no difference in loads to 2-mm displacement after cycling compared with first-generation all-soft suture anchors. Controlled laboratory study. Twenty human cadaveric glenoids were utilized to create 97 total suture anchor sites, and 1 of 3 anchors were randomized and placed into each site: (1) first-generation all-soft suture anchor (Juggerknot; Biomet), (2) second-generation all-soft suture anchor (Suturefix; Smith & Nephew), and (3) a control PEEK anchor (Bioraptor; Smith & Nephew). After initial cyclic loading, load to 2 mm of displacement and ultimate load to failure were measured for each anchor. After cyclic loading, the load to 2-mm displacement was significantly less in first-generation anchors compared with controls (P anchors compared with controls (P suture anchors (P > .05). The newer generation all-soft suture anchors with a theoretically more rigid construct and deployment configuration demonstrate biomechanical characteristics (specifically, with load to 2-mm displacement after cyclic loading) that are improved over first-generation all-soft suture anchors and similar to a traditional solid tap-in anchor. The configuration of these newer generation all-soft suture anchors appears to mitigate the biomechanical concerns of decreased load to failure with first-generation all-soft tissue suture anchors. The theoretical advantages of all-soft anchors

  16. [Animal experiment study of healing of the sutured flexor tendon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martini, A K; Blimke, B

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to determine whether tendons contain intrinsic cells capable of repair. To accomplish this, rabbit flexor tendons were exposed microsurgically, cut through, resutured and transferred as free transplant into the knee-joint. Immobilisation of the knee-joint will cause progressive formation of adhesions permitting neovascularisation of the transplant. Both is not observed when sutured flexor tendons were put in a knee articulation with full range of joint motion. Transmission electron micrography revealed up to 8 weeks after implantation vital cells and incidences of collagen neosynthesis independently whether adhesions existed or not. Histologically intrinsic repair was confirmed in mobile transplants and mainly initiated by cells of the visceral synovial sheet which form an anatomic-surgical unity with the tendon. In conclusion the importance of the synovial fluid for the tendon nutrition is underlined by the fact that an intrinsic healing of flexor tendon is possible without formation of adhesions.

  17. Single-incision laparoscopic splenectomy with innovative gastric traction suture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srikanth G

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic splenectomy is now the gold standard for patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP undergoing splenectomy. There are a few reports in literature on single-incision laparoscopic (SIL splenectomy. Herein, we describe a patient undergoing SIL splenectomy for ITP without the use of a disposable port device. We report a 20-year-old female patient with steroid-refractory ITP having a platelet count of 14,000/cmm who underwent a SIL splenectomy. Dissection was facilitated by the use of a single articulating grasper and a gastric traction suture and splenic vessels were secured at the hilum with an endo-GIA stapler. She made an uneventful postoperative recovery and was discharged on the second postoperative day. She is doing well with no visible scar at 8-month follow-up.

  18. Application analysis on different suture of scleral flap in trabeculectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Liu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To research the application of scleral flap suture in trabeculectomy. METHODS: Totally 114 primary angle-closure glaucoma patients, aged from 36-72 years old, were selected as the objects, and randomly divided into research group and control group. The two groups received different administration methods. Traditional sewing method of sclera flap was used in research group and improved sewing method of sclera flap was used in control group. RESULTS: There was statistical differences between postoperative intraocular pressure of the patients in the observation group and the control group after 1d; 2wk; 1, 3mo(PPP>0.05.CONCLUSION: It is safe and effective that the improved sewing method of sclera flap for trabeculectomy of acute angle-closure glaucoma, and it is a better method to avoid the occurrence of shallow anterior chamber than the traditional sewing method in the early stage after operation.

  19. [Achilles tendon suturing and reconstruction with the plantaris muscle].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janco, M; Pikus, P

    2002-01-01

    The authors present the first experience in the treatment of fresh ruptures of the Achilles tendon by their own surgical technique--suture end to end with augmentation using plantaris tendon graft. The results were evaluated on a small group of 9 patients (average age 45 years) operated on in the period of 1999-2000. The most important criterion was the subjective evaluation of the patient and the post-operative limitation in sport, job and ordinary activity. We did not record any preoperative or post-operative complication and the limitation of the range of motion was negligible with regard to the needs of the patient. The authors are aware of the fact that post-operative follow-up of the patients is relatively short-term. The surgical technique is described in detail.

  20. Comparison of two different suture-passing techniques with different suture materials and thicknesses: Biomechanical study of flexor tendons for yield points, gap formation and early post-operative status

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    Volkan Ergan

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: The yield points with higher forces is expected to be preferred, but their thicknesses can be 3-0 or 4-0. Oblique suture passing should be preferred rather than longitudinal passing. Obviously, suture strengthening methods, like epitendineous running sutures and core sutures, should be used. Without these measures, even passive wrist motion can result in gap formation at the repair site. The results of this study showed that tensile properties of the repaired vary considerably with differences in suture material and design. [Hand Microsurg 2016; 5(3.000: 130-136

  1. Holding Strength of a Hem-o-lok/Lapra-Ty Clip Combination on Sutures Used During Partial Nephrectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paka, Bikal; Bossemeyer, Robert; Tourojman, Mouafak; Gupta, Ruchir; Lane, Brian R

    2017-09-01

    To investigate the anti-slip strength of closing systems employing sutures terminated with a Hem-o-lok/Lapra-Ty clip combination to determine which sutures perform best for this application. Partial nephrectomy is the reference standard for treatment of small renal masses. The main disadvantage of partial nephrectomy is the risk of technical complications, including renorrhaphy site bleeding and urine leak. A materials testing system produced a constant velocity pull on the free end of an anchored suture. A Lapra-Ty clip was attached 1 cm from the end of each suture as a backstop for the Hem-o-lok. A digital force gauge measured the tension that was applied until the suture slipped in the closing system. Vicryl, Monocryl, Chromic, Stratafix, and V-Loc sutures of diameters 1 to 4-0 were tested (n = 7 for each suture type, 161 total experiments). The holding strength of a Lapra-Ty/Hem-o-lok clip combination is lowest for Vicryl 4-0 (4.3 ± 1.4N) and highest for Monocryl 0 (16.5 ± 1.6N) sutures. Larger sutures (1 and 0) hold at higher tensions than sutures with smaller dimensions (4-0 and 3-0). For 2-0 sutures, the holding strength was 5.7N with Vicryl, 13.8N with Stratafix, and 15.9N with V-Loc sutures. The mean values of holding tension of this anchoring system for all sutures tested was greater than the amount found to be sufficient for tissue closure in previous studies (3.2N). Barbed sutures (Stratafix, V-Loc) appeared to have superior holding strength when compared with most standard sutures; barb orientation does not influence holding tension. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Comparison of the outcomes of limbal-based trabeculectomy with and without anchor sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyawaki, Takaya; Yaguchi, Shigeo; Hanemoto, Tsukasa; Ando, Mikihiko; Kozawa, Tadahiko

    2010-01-01

    To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of limbal-based trabeculectomy with anchor sutures compared to standard limbal-based trabeculectomy. Limbal-based trabeculectomy was performed with a new technique using anchor sutures, which involved tying the conjunctiva to the sclera at a deep fornix incision to prevent bleb localization induced by slippage of the conjunctival suture scar toward the scleral flap. In this retrospective, comparative, interventional case series, 45 eyes that underwent limbal-based trabeculectomy with anchor sutures and 27 eyes that underwent standard limbal-based trabeculectomy were analyzed (primary surgery). At a target intraocular pressure of 15 mm Hg, the 3-year survival rate using Kaplan-Meier analysis was 76.2% in the limbal-based trabeculectomy with anchor sutures group and 55.6% in the standard limbal-based trabeculectomy group. Bleb morphology analysis using the Moorfields Bleb Grading System showed that blebs in the limbal-based trabeculectomy with anchor sutures group were more diffused than those in the standard limbal-based trabeculectomy group. Limbal-based trabeculectomy with anchor sutures appears to be an effective method for decreasing intraocular pressure and improving morphology of blebs. Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. Popularity of suture materials among residents and faculty members of a postdoctoral periodontology program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksoud, Mohamed; Koo, Samuel; Barouch, Kasumi; Karimbux, Nadeem

    2014-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to determine the favoritism of suture materials among a group of clinicians at a teaching institution. The surveys included 11 absorbable and nine non-absorbable sutures. The surveyor was asked to select his or her suture preferences when it comes to using it in 13 different, commonly-performed surgical procedures. The surveys showed overall preferences for non-absorbable versus absorbable sutures. Chromic Gut with a 4-0 diameter thread reverse cutting FS2 needle was the most favored suture. For periodontal bone grafts and hard tissue ridge augmentation, polytetrafluoroethylene with a 4-0 thread and FS2 needle was preferred. For autogenous gingival grafts, gingival allografts, connective tissue grafts, frenectomy and frenoplasty, Chromic Gut with 5-0 diameter thread reverse cutting P3 needle was favored. For extraction socket preservation, soft tissue canine exposure, ridge augmentation, and dental implants, Chromic Gut with 4-0 diameter thread reverse cutting FS2 needle was preferred, and for sinus augmentation, Vicryl with a 4-0 diameter thread reverse cutting FS2 needle was favored. Absorbable sutures were preferred in the majority of periodontal procedures; however, non-absorbable sutures were favored in procedures that required longer healing or better stability of the flap edges in cases of periodontal and ridge augmentation. © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  4. Introduction of a New Suture Method in Repair of Peripheral Nerves Injured with a Sharp Mechanism

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    Alireza Saied

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The standard method for repair of an injured peripheal nerve is epineural repair with separate sutures. Herein we describe a method in which the nerve is sutured with continous sutures. In fact this method has not been utilized for nerve repair previously and our purpose was to compare it to the standard method. If it proved to be successful it would replace the standard method in certain circumstances. Methods: The proposal of the clinical trial was given a reference number form the ethics comitee. 25 dogs in which the scaitic nerve was cut by a sharp blade under genaeral anesthesia were divided randomly into three groups: control (5 dogs, repair of sciatic nerve with simple sutures (10 and repair with continous sutures (10. In the control group the nerve was not repaired at all. After 6 weeks the dogs were killed and the nerve was studied by light and electronic microscopes. The amount of consumed suture material, time of repair, myelin thickness and axon diiameter were examined. Ultrastructural studies were performed to assess degeneration and regeneration findings. Results: Time of repair and the amount of consumed suture material were significantly lower in the continous group (P

  5. Effectiveness of ultrasonographic evaluation of the cranial sutures in children with suspected craniosynostosis

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    Simanovsky, Natalia; Hiller, Nurith; Koplewitz, Benjamin; Rozovsky, Katya [Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Department of Medical Imaging, Mount, Scopus, P.O. Box 24035, Jerusalem (Israel)

    2009-03-15

    Computed tomography (CT) is the 'gold standard' for evaluation of the cranial sutures. While prenatal cranial suture evaluation with ultrasound (US) is common, US has not been established as a postnatal screening tool. We evaluated the effectiveness of US for diagnosis of craniosynostosis (CS). During 2006, 24 infants with questionable CS were assessed with US of the sagittal, metopic, and bilateral coronal and lambdoid sutures. US findings and clinical records were reviewed retrospectively. Sixteen boys and eight girls (ages 1-11 months, mean 4.3) underwent US. The correct diagnosis was provided in 23 (95%), with equivocal findings in one patient. Cranial sutures appeared normal in 15 infants, who had normal clinical presentation at mean 5.8 months follow-up; CT confirmation was obtained in two. In eight children, US identified premature closure of one or more cranial sutures. Three-dimensional CT was performed as a preparation for surgery in four, with classical CS findings. In one case with inconclusive US findings, CT showed narrow but open sutures. Sonographic examination of cranial sutures may serve as a first imaging tool for evaluation of craniosynostosis. CT may be reserved for children with abnormal or equivocal ultrasound and for preoperative planning. (orig.)

  6. Small bowel obstruction due to laparoscopic barbed sutures: an unknown complication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura-Sampedro, Juan José; Ashrafian, Hutan; Navarro-Sánchez, Antonio; Jenkins, John T; Morales-Conde, Salvador; Martínez-Isla, Alberto

    2015-11-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing uptake in the use of barbed sutures, particularly in minimally invasive and laparoscopic procedures where they may reduce operating time and improve surgical efficiency. However, little is known about the adverse events associated with these new materials and concerns have arisen regarding their safety in certain procedures. We performed a search of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database). We reveal up to 15 cases of small bowel obstruction (SBO) complicating laparoscopic pelvic surgery that have been reported to date adding two cases of SBO in our own practice following the use of barbed sutures in laparoscopic operations, both requiring surgical re-intervention in the early post-operative period. Fifteen similar cases of small bowel obstruction were identified, all of which occurred in patients undergoing surgery below the transverse colon . Surgical re-intervention was required in all cases although 60% of these were performed laparoscopically. These cases highlight that although barbed sutures provide an attractive means to allow easier and faster laparoscopic suturing, they should be used carefully in inframesocolic surgery and the suture end cut and buried to avoid inadvertent attachment to the small bowel or its mesentery. Barbed suture entanglement should be considered as an uncommon yet potentially serious differential cause for SBO presenting in the early period after laparoscopic surgery where a barbed suture has been used.

  7. Development of silver nano-coatings on silk sutures as a novel approach against surgical infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Simone, S; Gallo, A L; Paladini, F; Sannino, A; Pollini, M

    2014-09-01

    The infections give rise to a range of clinical problems and prolong hospitalization with increased healthcare costs. Moreover, persistent infections exasperate the problem of antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was the development of effective and low-cost antibacterial silver coatings on surgical sutures by adopting an innovative photochemical deposition process to prevent early contamination of surgical wounds. The silver deposition technology adopted in this work is an innovative process based on the in situ photoreduction of a silver solution. The samples were dipped in the silver solution and then exposed to UV radiation in order to induce the synthesis of silver clusters on the surface of the suture. The homogeneous distribution of silver particles on the surface and on the cross-section of the treated sutures was demonstrated. All the antibacterial studies clearly demonstrated that the use of novel silver treated sutures could represent clinical advantages in terms of the prevention of surgical infections against bacterial colonization. The silver coating deposited on the sutures demonstrated no cytotoxic effect on a selected cell population. The results obtained suggested that the antibacterial silver-coated sutures developed in this work could represent an interesting alternative to conventional sutures, with evident advantages in terms of prevention of the surgical infections and on the health costs. In addiction, very low concentrations of silver significantly inhibited the microbial load, without affecting the cell viability.

  8. Immunostimulatory sutures that treat local disease recurrence following primary tumor resection

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    Intra, Janjira; Zhang Xueqing; Salem, Aliasger K [Division of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States); Williams, Robin L; Zhu Xiaoyan [Department of Surgery, Roy J and Lucille Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States); Sandler, Anthony D, E-mail: aliasger-salem@uiowa.edu [Department of Surgery and Center for Cancer and Immunology Research, Children' s National Medical Center, Washington DC 20010 (United States)

    2011-02-15

    Neuroblastoma is a common childhood cancer that often results in progressive minimal residual disease after primary tumor resection. Cytosine-phosphorothioate-guanine oligonucleotides (CpG ODN) have been reported to induce potent anti-tumor immune responses. In this communication, we report on the development of a CpG ODN-loaded suture that can close up the wound following tumor excision and provide sustained localized delivery of CpG ODN to treat local disease recurrence. The suture was prepared by melt extruding a mixture of polylactic acid-co-glycolic acid (PLGA 75:25 0.47 dL g{sup -1}) pellets and CpG ODN 1826. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the sutures were free of defects and cracks. UV spectrophotometry measurements at 260 nm showed that sutures provide sustained release of CpG ODN over 35 days. Syngeneic female A/J mice were inoculated subcutaneously with 1 x 10{sup 6} Neuro-2a murine neuroblastoma wild-type cells and tumors were grown between 5 to 10 mm before the tumors were excised. Wounds from the tumor resection were closed using CpG ODN-loaded sutures and/or polyglycolic acid Vicryl suture. Suppression of neuroblastoma recurrence and mouse survival were significantly higher in mice where wounds were closed using the CpG ODN-loaded sutures relative to all other groups. (communication)

  9. Radiological assessment of skull base changes in children with syndromic craniosynostosis: role of "minor" sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calandrelli, Rosalinda; D'Apolito, Gabriella; Gaudino, Simona; Stefanetti, Mariangela; Massimi, Luca; Di Rocco, Concezio; Colosimo, Cesare

    2014-10-01

    This study aims to identify the premature synostosis of "major" and "minor" sutures of the four "sutural arches" of the skull and to perform a morphometric analysis in children with syndromic craniosynostosis in order to evaluate changes in the skull base linked with premature suture synostosis. We reviewed multiplanar high-resolution CT images, implemented with 3D reconstructions, from 18 patients with complex syndromic craniosynostosis and compared them with 18 age-matched healthy subjects. We assessed the calvarial sutures and their extension to the skull base, and then we correlated specific types of synostosis with the size, shape and symmetry of the cranial fossae. We found a marked asymmetry of the skull base growth in all patients. The synostotic involvement around the coronal ring caused a reduction in the growth of the anterior and middle fossae. The size of the posterior cranial fossa was related not only to "major" but also to "minor" suture synostosis of the lambdoid and parieto-squamosal arches. Changes in the skull base and craniofacial axis symmetry are due to structural and functional relationships between "major" and "minor" skull sutures, suggesting a structural and functional relationship between the neurocranium and basicranium. The early recognition of prematurely closed skull base sutures may help clinicians and neurosurgeons to establish correct therapeutic approaches.

  10. Current Biomechanical Concepts of Suture Bridge Repair Technique for Rotator Cuff Tear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Long Yeh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Rotator cuff tears are one of the most common disorders of the shoulder and can have significant effects on daily activities as a result of pain, loss of motion and strength. The goal of rotator cuff repair is aimed at anatomic restoration of the rotator cuff tendon to reduce pain and improve the joint function. Recently, arthroscopic repair has been widely accepted for treatment of rotator cuff tears due to its equal or better results than those from open repair. In 2006, a transosseousequivalent (TOE or “suture bridge” technique was introduced by Park et al. This technique maximizes the utility of the conventional double-row technique by using the suture limbs to form the media mattress sutures to bridge and compress the repaired tendon. This technique has been proven to provide biomechanical properties that are superior to other arthroscopic repair techniques regarding the initial fixation strength, contact area and contact pressure at the tendon-bone interface. Since suture bridge techniques have been evolving over time, further biomechanical investigations have been carried out. These studies include examination of the effects of dynamic humeral external rotation on the mechanic stability of the repaired tendon construct, the effects of various modifications of the suture bridge configurations on the biomechanical characteristics of the medial mattress suture, biomechanical implications of medial row failure, and biomechanical performance of the repaired constructs over time. In this review, the biomechanical concepts behind the suture bridge technique for rotator cuff repair were reviewed and discussed.

  11. Analysis of the strength of the abdominal fascia in different sutures used in abdominoplasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishida, Luis Henrique; Gemperli, Rolf; Longo, Marco Vinicius Losso; Alves, Helio Ricardo Nogueira; da Silva, Pedro Henrique Quintino; Ishida, Luis Carlos; Ferreira, Marcus Castro

    2011-08-01

    Protrusion of the abdominal wall secondary to abdominoplasty may occur in patients with weakness of the aponeurotic structures. The anterior layer of the rectus abdominis muscle consists of fibers that are transverse rather than vertical. Based on this anatomical feature, vertical sutures are suggested for the correction of diastasis recti, since they include a greater amount of fascial fibers and thus would be more resistant to tensile strength than horizontal ones. The anterior layers of the rectus abdominis muscles of 15 fresh cadavers were dissected. Two vertical lines were marked on each side of the linea alba, corresponding to the site where plication is usually performed in abdominoplasties. Three abdominal levels were evaluated: the supraumbilical, umbilical, and infraumbilical levels. A simple suture was placed in the vertical direction in one group and in the horizontal direction in the other group, at each of the three levels previously described. These sutures were connected to a dynamometer, which was pulled medially toward the linea alba until rupture of the aponeurosis occurred. The mean strength required to rupture the aponeurotic structures in which the vertical sutures had been placed was greater than for the horizontal ones (p < 0.0001). The vertical suture of the rectus abdominis sheaths was stronger than the horizontal suture because of the more transversal arrangement of its aponeurotic fibers. Thus, routine use of the vertical suture in plications of the aponeurosis of the rectus abdominis muscles is suggested.

  12. COMPRESSION UTERINE SUTURES TRIUMPH OVER EMERGENCY PERIPARTUM HYSTERECTOMY IN INTRACTABLE ATONIC PPH

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    Kriti Bhatnagar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To study the efficacy and morbidity of uterine compression sutures in the management of intractable severe postpartum haemorrhage. METHOD A prospective study was done at Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar from Jan 2012 to June 2015. There were total 6149 deliveries and 1803 (29.4% caesarean deliveries and 4346 (70.7% were vaginal deliveries. Uterine compression sutures B-Lynch and modified B-Lynch (Hayman sutures were applied in eight patients. A Vicryl No. 1 or catgut No. 2 sutures were used in straight round body needle. Patient was placed in modified lithotomy position to assess the compression effect of uterine compression suture. RESULT There were eight uterine compression sutures applied in 6149 deliveries (1:800. Five (62.5% were applied at the time of caesarean and three (37.5% were applied after vaginal or assisted vaginal deliveries. Hysterectomy was avoided in seven patients and one patient (12.5% required hysterectomy for intractable bleeding due to DIC. Blood transfusions were given in all patients. Postoperative period was uneventful and there was no maternal death. CONCLUSION Uterine compression sutures should be considered in case of intractable postpartum haemorrhage (atonic and it may obviate the need of hysterectomy and other procedures like hypogastric artery ligation, uterine artery/ovarian artery ligation.

  13. Arthroscopic repair of the posterior root of the medial meniscus using knotless suture anchor: A technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eun, Sang Soo; Lee, Sang Ho; Sabal, Luigi Andrew

    2016-08-01

    There are numerous methods for repairing posterior root tears of the medial meniscus (PRTMM). Repair techniques using suture anchors through a high posteromedial portal have been reported. The present study found that using a knotless suture anchor instead of suture anchor seemed easier and faster because it avoided passing the sutures through the meniscus and tying a knot in a small space. This study describes a knotless suture anchor technique through a high posteromedial portal, and its clinical results. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. The search for the ideal tendon repair in zone 2: strand number, anchor points and suture thickness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, R

    2014-01-01

    This review article examines the mechanical factors involved in tendon repair by sutures. The repair strength, repair stiffness and gap resistance can be increased by increasing the number of core strands and anchor points, by increased anchor point efficiency and the use of peripheral sutures, and by using thicker sutures. In the future, laboratory tests could be standardized to a specific animal model and to a defined cyclic motion programme. Clinical studies support the use of multi-strand core and peripheral sutures, but two-strand core sutures are not adequate to ensure consistently good clinical results. Training surgeons in complex tendon repair techniques is essential.

  15. Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair With Absorbable Sutures in the Medial-Row Anchors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Makoto; Hayashida, Kenji; Kobayashi, Atsushi; Kakiuchi, Masaaki

    2015-11-01

    To report the retear rate and retear pattern after double-row arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (DR-ARCR) with the use of absorbable sutures as medial anchor sutures and to address the advantage of the use of absorbable sutures in medial-row anchors. Fifty-seven shoulders (22 male and 35 female patients; mean age, 66.1 years) with complete rotator cuff tears treated with DR-ARCR using absorbable mattress sutures as medial-row anchor sutures were included in the study. They included 35 medium, 17 large, and 5 massive tears. For the medial row, medial anchor sutures were replaced with absorbable mattress sutures. High-strength simple sutures were used for the lateral anchors. We evaluated retear patterns by magnetic resonance imaging examinations performed at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. The clinical conditions of all patients preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively were assessed by the University of California, Los Angeles rating scale and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder index. A complete retear of the tendon at the footprint was observed in 5 shoulders. Complete discontinuity at the middle of the tendon around the medial-row anchors with a footprint remnant was observed in 1 shoulder. A thinned repaired rotator cuff was observed in 2 shoulders because of a partial retear of the deep layer. The overall retear rate was 14%. From before to after surgery, the University of California, Los Angeles score significantly improved from 18.4 to 32.9 (P sutures as medial-row anchors were 8.8% for complete retears of the tendon at the footprint and 1.7% for complete discontinuity of tendon around the medial-row anchors. This procedure provided a low retear rate around the medial-row anchors. Level IV, therapeutic case series. Copyright © 2015 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Biomechanical evaluation of subpectoral biceps tenodesis: dual suture anchor versus interference screw fixation.

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    Tashjian, Robert Z; Henninger, Heath B

    2013-10-01

    Subpectoral biceps tenodesis has been reliably used to treat a variety of biceps tendon pathologies. Interference screws have been shown to have superior biomechanical properties compared to suture anchors; although, only single anchor constructs have been evaluated in the subpectoral region. The purpose of this study was to compare interference screw fixation with a suture anchor construct, using 2 anchors for a subpectoral tenodesis. A subpectoral biceps tenodesis was performed using either an interference screw (8 × 12 mm; Arthrex) or 2 suture anchors (Mitek G4) with #2 FiberWire (Arthrex) in a Krackow and Bunnell configuration in seven pairs of human cadavers. The humerus was inverted in an Instron and the biceps tendon was loaded vertically. Displacement driven cyclic loading was performed followed by failure loading. Suture anchor constructs had lower stiffness upon initial loading (P = .013). After 100 cycles, the stiffness of the suture anchor construct "softened" (decreased 9%, P Suture anchors had significantly higher ultimate failure strain than the screws (P = .003), but ultimate failure loads were similar between constructs: 280 ± 95 N (screw) vs 310 ± 91 N (anchors) (P = .438). The interference screw was significantly stiffer than the suture anchor construct. Ultimate failure loads were similar between constructs, unlike previous reports indicating interference screws had higher ultimate failure loads compared to suture anchors. Neither construct was superior with regards to stress; although, suture anchors could withstand greater elongation prior to failure. Copyright © 2013 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Simple versus horizontal suture anchor repair of Bankart lesions: which better restores labral anatomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagstrom, Lindsey S; Marzo, John M

    2013-02-01

    The goal of this study was to determine which suture repair technique better restores glenoid labrum height: horizontal sutures or simple sutures. Sixteen cadaveric glenoids, 8 per repair technique, were used to measure native labral height at the 3:00 to 6:00 positions in half-hour increments. A Bankart lesion was then created from 3:00 to 6:30. Height measurements at each time point were again taken after creation of the Bankart lesion. Repair with a 3-mm knotted suture anchor was then performed at 3:30, 4:30, and 5:30 with either a simple or horizontal suture technique, and postrepair heights were measured across all time points. Significant decreases in height, as compared with native height, were observed at 3:30, 4:30, and 5:30 in the simple repair group. Decreases in height of 1.4 mm (P = .044), 2.1 mm (P = .030), and 1.1 (P = .034) were observed at 3:30, 4:30, and 5:30. There was no significant decrease in height at these respective time points in the horizontal repair group. The in vitro horizontal mattress suture technique better restores labral height and anatomy when compared with a simple suture technique in the repair of acute Bankart lesions. Compared with the simple suture technique, horizontal suture repair may provide increased stability to the glenohumeral construct. Copyright © 2013 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Proximity of uterosacral ligament suspension sutures and S3 sacral nerve to pelvic landmarks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldonado, Pedro A; Stuparich, Mallory A; McIntire, Donald D; Wai, Clifford Y

    2017-01-01

    To describe the relationships between pelvic bony landmarks to points along the third sacral nerve and to uterosacral ligament suspension sutures. Three transvaginal uterosacral ligament suspension sutures were placed bilaterally in unembalmed female human cadavers. The third sacral nerve was marked at the foramen (S3a) and at two additional points at 1-cm intervals along its course caudally (S3b, S3c). Three bony pelvic landmarks were identified and marked, including the ischial spine, pubic symphysis, and coccyx. Distances from each landmark to each suture and nerve point were measured. The distance from each landmark to each S3 nerve point was extended radially, encompassing an arbitrary zone in which sutures may be placed and thus where nerve injury may occur. Zones of potential nerve injury included: zone A (closest to the sacral nerve root), zone B, and zone C (closest to the landmark). Descriptive statistics were used and comparisons were made using Student's t test and ANOVA. Ten cadaver specimens were dissected. For the ischial spine, the distances to points S3a, S3b, and S3c were 6.3, 5.4, and 4.6 cm respectively. Approximately two thirds of the sutures were noted beyond zone C, indicating a potentially increased risk of nerve injury with suture placement in zones farthest from the ischial spine given their proximity to the sacral nerve. Using the ischial spine as a landmark, increased sacral nerve injury could result from suture placement beyond the mean distance of 4.6 cm from the ischial spine. The use of bony landmarks in avoiding sacral nerve injury may be as important as suture depth and angle of suture placement.

  19. Triclosan-coated sutures reduce wound infections after spinal surgery: a retrospective, nonrandomized, clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueno, Masaki; Saito, Wataru; Yamagata, Megumu; Imura, Takayuki; Inoue, Gen; Nakazawa, Toshiyuki; Takahira, Naonobu; Uchida, Kentaro; Fukahori, Nobuko; Shimomura, Kiyomi; Takaso, Masashi

    2015-05-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is a serious postoperative complication. The incidence of SSIs is lower in clean orthopedic surgery than in other fields, but it is higher after spinal surgery, reaching 4.15% in high-risk patients. Several studies reported that triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 sutures (Vicryl Plus; Ethicon, Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) significantly reduced the infection rate in the general surgical, neurosurgical, and thoracic surgical fields. However, there have been no studies on the effects of such coated sutures on the incidence of SSIs in orthopedics. To compare the incidence of wound infections after spinal surgery using triclosan-coated suture materials with that of noncoated ones. A retrospective, nonrandomized, and clinical study. From May 2010 to April 2012, 405 patients underwent a spinal surgical procedure in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery of two university hospitals. The primary outcome was the number of wound infections and dehiscences. Two hundred five patients had a conventional wound closure with polyglactin 910 suture (Vicryl) between May 2010 and April 2011 (Time Period 1 [TP1]), and 200 patients underwent wound closure with triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 suture (Vicryl Plus) between May 2011 and April 2012 (TP2). Statistical comparisons of wound infections, dehiscence, and risk factors for poor wound healing or infection were performed. None of the authors has any conflict of interest associated with this study. There were two cases of wound dehiscence in TP1 and one in TP2 (p=.509). Using noncoated sutures in TP1, eight patients (3.90%) had wound infections, whereas one patient (0.50%) had wound infections in TP2 (using triclosan-coated sutures); the difference was significant (p=.020). The use of triclosan-coated polyglactin 910 sutures instead of polyglactin 910 sutures may reduce the number of wound infections after spinal surgery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Ameloblastin inhibits cranial suture closure by modulating MSX2 expression and proliferation.

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    Phimon Atsawasuwan

    Full Text Available Deformities of cranial sutures such as craniosynostosis and enlarged parietal foramina greatly impact human development and quality of life. Here we have examined the role of the extracellular matrix protein ameloblastin (Ambn, a recent addition to the family of non-collagenous extracellular bone matrix proteins, in craniofacial bone development and suture formation. Using RT-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry, Ambn was localized in mouse calvarial bone and adjacent condensed mesenchyme. Five-fold Ambn overexpression in a K14-driven transgenic mouse model resulted in delayed posterior frontal suture fusion and incomplete suture closure. Moreover, Ambn overexpressor skulls weighed 13.2% less, their interfrontal bones were 35.3% thinner, and the width between frontal bones plus interfrontal suture was 14.3% wider. Ambn overexpressing mice also featured reduced cell proliferation in suture blastemas and in mesenchymal cells from posterior frontal sutures. There was a more than 2-fold reduction of Msx2 in Ambn overexpressing calvariae and suture mesenchymal cells, and this effect was inversely proportionate to the level of Ambn overexpression in different cell lines. The reduction of Msx2 expression as a result of Ambn overexpression was further enhanced in the presence of the MEK/ERK pathway inhibitor O126. Finally, Ambn overexpression significantly reduced Msx2 down-stream target gene expression levels, including osteogenic transcription factors Runx2 and Osx, the bone matrix proteins Ibsp, ColI, Ocn and Opn, and the cell cycle-related gene CcnD1. Together, these data suggest that Ambn plays a crucial role in the regulation of cranial bone growth and suture closure via Msx 2 suppression and proliferation inhibition.

  1. An intriguing case of gallstone ileus after hepaticojejunostomy caused by a "stone on a suture"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahir Gachabayov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gallstone ileus (GI is a mechanical obstruction of small or large bowel caused by gallstone passed to the intestinal lumen through spontaneous or postoperative biliodigestive fistula. A 42-year-old female patient was admitted with the clinical presentation of small bowel obstruction. She underwent hepaticojejunostomy 4 years prior to admission for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Barium meal follows through revealed Rigler′s triad. The patient underwent laparotomy which revealed GI. A "stone on a suture" was removed through enterotomy. Patients after cholecystectomy and hepaticojejunostomy can develop GI. Nonabsorbable suture used to create biliodigestive anastomosis can appear to become the frame of a "stone on a suture."

  2. Assessment of midpalatal suture ossification using cone-beam computed tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghanifar, Sina; Mahmoudi, Sadaf; Foroughi, Ramin; Mir, Arash Poorsattar Bejeh; Mesgarani, Abas; Bijani, Ali

    2017-03-01

    The degree of ossification of the midpalatal suture is an important factor in the selection of treatment procedure, especially in young individuals. Considering the discrepancies in the results of studies on the exact time of the closure of this suture, the present study was undertaken to evaluate ossification and morphology of the suture with the use of CBCT. In the present cross-sectional study, the CBCT images of the maxilla in 144 Iranian subjects (72 males, 72 females) with an age range of 10 to 70 years, referring to a private radiology center in Sari, Iran, were evaluated. The CBCT images were evaluated in the axial cross-sectional slice at 1 mm intervals to determine morphology and the maturation stage of the suture and its degree of ossification. The six developmental stages that were observed were as follows: stage A, a direct line without disturbances; stage B, a scalloped appearance in the suture; stage C, two parallel lines with a scalloped appearance that were connected at some points; stage CD, the anterior portion was similar to stage C, and the posterior region was similar to stage D; stage D, ossification only in the palatine bone; stage E, complete ossification of the suture. The degree of ossification of the suture was calculated with the use of the ratio of the length of the ossified segment to the entire length of the suture. Data were analyzed with Spearman's correlation test, Chi-squared test, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis test. Intra-observer agreement was calculated with the use of weighted kappa coefficient. Data were analyzed with SPSS 17. There was a strong correlation between the age groups and the developmental stages of the midpalatal suture in both genders (r=0.681, ptwo genders (p=0.193). Although the rate of suture closure increased with aging, age was not a reliable factor alone to determine the developmental stage of the suture. Use of CBCT is necessary in all the patients to determine the degree of

  3. A new, removable, sliding noose for adjustable-suture strabismus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deschler, Emily K; Irsch, Kristina; Guyton, Kristina L; Guyton, David L

    2013-10-01

    We describe a new removable sliding polyglactin 910 suture noose for postoperative suture adjustment following extraocular muscle surgery. No excess suture material remains after adjustment has been completed, helping to reduce discomfort, inflammation, and scarring. We have used this noose with the cul-de-sac conjunctival incision in approximately 360 patients over a period of 18 months. This report details how to fashion, use, and remove the noose. Copyright © 2013 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Triple-Row Modification of the Suture-Bridge Technique for Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrander, Roger V; Smith, Jarrod; Saper, Michael

    2016-10-01

    Recent advances to improve outcomes in rotator cuff repair include using arthroscopic double-row suture-bridge techniques in an effort to reconstruct the rotator cuff footprint and improve fixation. However, when using this technique for larger tears, it can be difficult to get the lateral portion of the rotator cuff into an anatomic position. This report describes a triple-row modification of the suture-bridge technique that results in significantly more footprint contact area and contact pressure compared with the double-row and standard suture-bridge techniques. Maximizing the rotator cuff footprint contact area exposes more of the tendon to bone and may improve the healing potential.

  5. Refractive stability after cataract extraction using a 6.5-millimeter scleral pocket incision with horizontal or radial sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werblin, T P

    1994-01-01

    Radial suturing of 6.5-millimeter scleral tunnel incisions following cataract surgery can create significant with-the-rule astigmatism in the immediate postoperative period. Because of the significant visual distortion and slow visual recovery seen with radial suturing, this study was undertaken to compare two other suturing techniques which induce lesser amounts of with-the-rule astigmatism in the immediate postoperative period. The refractive behavior of eyes closed with loose radial sutures and with horizontal sutures was compared to the behavior of eyes closed with the more traditional "tight" radial sutures following phacoemulsification surgery. Eyes sutured with loosely tied radial sutures demonstrated minimal with-the-rule cylinder immediately following surgery (1.25 D) and showed a more rapid stabilization of astigmatism than did the eyes tied with tight radial sutures, 2 months versus up to 6 months. However, the eyes tied with horizontal sutures, which showed no induced with-the-rule astigmatism at the time of surgery, showed even more rapid stabilization between 5 days and 1 month from the time of surgery. To get the most rapid visual rehabilitation following cataract surgery, a wound closure which generates no induced with-the-rule cylinder such as horizontal sutures would be required.

  6. A rare case of persistent metopic suture in an elderly individual: Incidental autopsy finding with clinical implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Vikram

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Metopic suture is a dense fibrous joint extending from the nasion to the bregma. Normally, closure of this suture takes place between 1-8 years of age. Failure of this closure beyond 8 years leads to persistent metopic suture. A rare case of persistent metopic suture in a 60-year-old male is documented, who committed suicide by alleged consumption of organophosphorous compound at District Govt. Wenlock Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India. Metopic suture may mimic skull fracture and may mislead an inexperienced forensic expert. Neurosurgeon should also be aware of this anatomical variation while performing frontal craniotomy, as the persistent metopic suture may mimic vertical fracture of the skull. Hence, in this case report, the clinical and medico-legal implications of the persistent metopic sutures have been discussed.

  7. Triple-loaded single-anchor stitch configurations: an analysis of cyclically loaded suture-tendon interface security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coons, David A; Barber, F Alan; Herbert, Morley A

    2006-11-01

    This study evaluated the strength and suture-tendon interface security of different suture configurations from triple-suture-loaded anchors. A juvenile bovine infraspinatus tendon was detached and repaired by use of 4 different suture combinations from 2 suture anchors: 3 simple sutures in each anchor (ThreeVo anchor; Linvatec, Largo, FL); 2 peripheral simple stitches and 1 central horizontal mattress suture passed deeper into the tendon, creating a larger footprint (bigfoot-print anchor); 2 peripheral simple stitches with 1 central horizontal mattress stitch passed through the same holes as the simple sutures (stitch-of-Burns); and 2 simple stitches (TwoVo anchor; Linvatec). The constructs were cyclically loaded between 10 N and 180 N for 3,500 cycles and then destructively tested. The number of cycles required to create a 5-mm gap and a 10-mm gap and the ultimate load to failure and failure mode were recorded. The ThreeVo anchor was strongest and most resistant to cyclic loading (P anchor was least resistant to cyclic loading. The stitch-of-Burns anchor was more resistant to cyclic loading than both the bigfoot-print anchor and the TwoVo anchor (P anchors were stronger than the bigfoot-print anchor (P sutures in an anchor hold better than two simple sutures. Three simple sutures provide superior suture-tendon security than combinations of one mattress and two simple stitches subjected to cyclic loading. A central mattress stitch placed more medially than two peripheral simple stitches (bigfoot-print anchor) configured to enlarge the tendon-suture footprint was not as resistant to cyclic loading or destructive testing as three simple stitches (ThreeVo anchor). Placing a central mattress stitch more medially than 2 peripheral simple stitches to enlarge the tendon-suture footprint was not as resistant to cyclic loading or destructive testing as 3 simple stitches.

  8. Effect of configuration on the biomechanical performance of three suture materials used in combination with a metallic bone anchor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasik, Sonya M; Cross, Rod C; Voss, Katja

    2013-12-01

    To determine whether different suture configurations could improve the biomechanical performance of 3 suture materials used with bone anchors. 3 suture materials (60-lb test nylon leader line, size 2 polyblend polyethylene composite suture, and 150-lb test ultrahigh-molecular weight spun polyethylene). PROCEDURES-Each suture material was looped through the eyelet of a metallic bone anchor and constructs were evaluated by use of an acute uniaxial load. Three configurations were tested for each suture material: single stranded (SS), double stranded (DS), and single stranded plus plastic insert (SSP). Force at failure, extension at failure, force at 3 mm of extension, stiffness, and site of failure of the suture were recorded for each test. For all sutures, the DS configuration was the stiffest and yielded significantly higher forces at failure and forces at 3 mm of extension. The SS configuration had the lowest forces at failure. The SSP configuration yielded greater forces at failure for all suture materials, compared with the SS configuration, with a comparable stiffness. All sutures failed at the eyelet in the SS and DS configurations. In the SSP configuration, 60-lb test nylon leader line and 150-lb test ultrahigh-molecular weight spun polyethylene failed at the eyelet less frequently than did the polyblend composite suture. Among the tested constructs, a DS suture configuration used in combination with the metallic bone anchor gave the best biomechanical results for all suture materials. Considering that the SSP configuration yielded greater forces at failure, compared with the SS configuration, covering metallic edges in bone anchors with softer materials might protect sutures and result in increased forces at failure.

  9. Graft Suturing for Lenticule Dislocation after Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wai-Kwan Wu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report the mid-term outcomes of graft suturing in a patient with lenticule dislocation after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK. Case Report: A 78-year old woman was found to have graft dislocation involving the nasal half of the cornea after uneventful DSAEK. Graft repositioning, refilling the anterior chamber with air, and placement of four full-thickness 10/0 nylon sutures over the detached area were performed two weeks after the initial surgery. The sutures were removed 6 weeks later. Serial specular microscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography were performed. At 18 months, there was good lenticule apposition and a clear graft. Conclusion: Anchoring sutures seem to be effective for management of graft detachment following DSAEK.

  10. The suture provides a niche for mesenchymal stem cells of craniofacial bones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Hu; Feng, Jifan; Ho, Thach-Vu; Grimes, Weston; Urata, Mark; Chai, Yang

    2015-01-01

    Bone tissue undergoes constant turnover supported by stem cells. Recent studies showed that perivascular mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) contribute to the turnover of long bones. Craniofacial bones are flat bones derived from a different embryonic origin than the long bones. The identity and regulating niche for craniofacial bone MSCs remain unknown. Here, we identify Gli1+ cells within the suture mesenchyme as the major MSC population for craniofacial bones. They are not associated with vasculature, give rise to all craniofacial bones in the adult and are activated during injury repair. Gli1+ cells are typical MSCs in vitro. Ablation of Gli1+ cells leads to craniosynostosis and arrest of skull growth, indicating these cells are an indispensible stem cell population. Twist1+/− mice with craniosynostosis show reduced Gli1+ MSCs in sutures, suggesting that craniosynostosis may result from diminished suture stem cells. Our study indicates that craniofacial sutures provide a unique niche for MSCs for craniofacial bone homeostasis and repair. PMID:25799059

  11. Prevalence of Biofilms on Surgical Suture Segments in Wounds of Dogs, Cats, and Horses

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    König, L; Klopfleisch, R; Kershaw, O; Gruber, A. D

    2015-01-01

    .... In this study, the prevalence of biofilms on surgical suture materials and swabs with chronic wound-healing complications in dogs, cats, and horses was assessed by histologic examination using...

  12. Evaluation of endoscopic laser excision of polypropylene mesh/sutures following anti-incontinence procedures.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Davis, N F

    2012-11-01

    We reviewed our experience with and outcome of the largest series to our knowledge of patients who underwent endoscopic laser excision of eroded polypropylene mesh or sutures as a complication of previous anti-incontinence procedures.

  13. Safety and efficacy of unidirectional barbed suture in mini-laparotomy myomectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Chao Huang

    2013-03-01

    Conclusion: The unidirectional knotless barbed suture may facilitate the repair of uterine defects during mini-laparotomy myomectomy by significantly lowering operative time. It may also reduce the intraoperative blood loss.

  14. Medial Patella Femoral Ligament Reconstruction With Periosteal Tunnels and Suture Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Jefferson; Hardy, Richard; Westerberg, Paul

    2017-10-01

    Lateral patellar dislocations can damage the medial patella femoral ligament. Nonoperative care is preferred but some tears may require a surgical intervention. Patella fractures are considered a risk factor after surgery. The technique described in this Technical Note avoids any bone tunnel drilling, which may eliminate the possibility of a patella fracture. The surgical procedure uses periosteal fibro-osseous tunnels to a double-limbed gracilis graft to reconstruct the upper and lower borders as conventionally used for medial patella femoral ligament reconstruction. Once the graft is tensioned, it is sutured to the periosteal fibro-osseous tunnel with 2 sutures on the medial side and at least 1 suture on the lateral side of each periosteal fibro-osseous sleeve. Each of the 2 periosteal fibro-osseous tunnels has 3 to 4 sutures securing the graft. After surgery, the patients complete 5 phases of rehabilitation to reduce swelling and to regain their strength and range of motion.

  15. Suture-related keratitis following cataract surgery caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad B Tarabishy

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Ahmad B Tarabishy1, Thomas L Steinemann21Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; 2Cornea and External Eye Disease, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USAAbstract: A 54-year old-man presented with a two-day history of severe pain and decreased vision. Examination revealed a corneal ulcer associated with a loose suture from cataract surgery done approximately two years ago. The suture was removed and the patient was started on topic antibiotic treatment with cefazolin and gentamycin. Cultures revealed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA. The antibiotic regimen was changed to include vancomycin but the ulcer continued to progress. Three days later, the ulcer had perforated and an emergent corneal patch graft was performed. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of suture-related MRSA keratitis after uncomplicated clear corneal cataract surgery.Keywords: keratitis, MRSA, suture, staphylococcus aureus

  16. A previously unreported variant of the synostotic sagittal suture: Case report and review of salient literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madison Budinich

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: To our knowledge, a synostotic sagittal suture has not been reported that extended posteriorly it involve the occipital bone. Those who interpret imaging or operate on this part of the skull should consider such a variation.

  17. [A pancreas suture-less type II binding pancreaticogastrostomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Shu-you; Hong, De-fei; Liu, Ying-bin; Li, Jiang-tao; Tao, Feng; Tan, Zhi-jian

    2009-12-01

    To explore the feasibility and safety of type II binding pancreaticogastrostomy (BPG) in pancreaticoduodenectomy and mid-segmentectomy of pancreas. From November 2008 to May 2009, 26 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and mid-segmentectomy of pancreas with type II BPG reconstruction, including 13 cases of pancreatic head cancer, 3 cases of duodenal adenocarcinoma, 2 cases of ampullary carcinoma, 4 cases of cholangiocarcinoma, 1 case of bile duct cell severe atypical hyperplasia, and 1 case of stomach cancer. The process of type II BPG was described as the following: after pancreas remnant was mobilized for 2-3 cm, a piece of sero-muscular layer at the posterior gastric wall was excised and then a sero-muscular depth purse-suturing with 3-0 prolene was pre-placed (outer purse-string). Incising anterior gastric wall or opening part of the closed distal gastric stump, the mucosa layer at the sero-muscular defect was incised and then purse-suture at the mucosal tube was pre-placed (inner purse-string). Through the two pre-placed purse-strings, the pancreas remnant was pulled into the gastric lumen and then posterior gastric wall was pushed backward to keep it closely in contact with the retro-peritoneal wall. Thereafter, the outer purse-string was tied (outer binding) and then the inner purse-string was tied (inner binding). All cases underwent BPG of type II. The operative time ranged from 3 to 5.5 hours. The postoperative hospital stay ranged from 6 to 48 days. Postoperative complications included 1 case of ascites, 2 cases of delayed gastric emptying and 1 case of intra-abdominal bleeding. All cases with complications were cured after nonsurgical treatment. No mortality or pancreatic leakage occurred. Pancreaticogastrostomy is good for accommodating a large pancreas stump. Binding technique is very helpful in minimizing the leak rate of pancreaticogastrostomy. While type I BPG is safe and easy to perform, type II is even safer and easier to be done.

  18. Stretch force guides finger-like pattern of bone formation in suture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kou, Xiao-Xing; Zhang, Ci; Zhang, Yi-Mei; Cui, Zhen; Wang, Xue-Dong; Liu, Yan; Liu, Da-Wei; Zhou, Yan-Heng

    2017-01-01

    Mechanical tension is widely applied on the suture to modulate the growth of craniofacial bones. Deeply understanding the features of bone formation in expanding sutures could help us to improve the outcomes of clinical treatment and avoid some side effects. Although there are reports that have uncovered some biological characteristics, the regular pattern of sutural bone formation in response to expansion forces is still unknown. Our study was to investigate the shape, arrangement and orientation of new bone formation in expanding sutures and explore related clinical implications. The premaxillary sutures of rat, which histologically resembles the sutures of human beings, became wider progressively under stretch force. Micro-CT detected new bones at day 3. Morphologically, these bones were forming in a finger-like pattern, projecting from the maxillae into the expanded sutures. There were about 4 finger-like bones appearing on the selected micro-CT sections at day 3 and this number increased to about 18 at day 7. The average length of these projections increased from 0.14 mm at day 3 to 0.81 mm at day 7. The volume of these bony protuberances increased to the highest level of 0.12 mm3 at day 7. HE staining demonstrated that these finger-like bones had thick bases connecting with the maxillae and thin fronts stretching into the expanded suture. Nasal sections had a higher frequency of finger-like bones occuring than the oral sections at day 3 and day 5. Masson-stained sections showed stretched fibers embedding into maxillary margins. Osteocalcin-positive osteoblasts changed their shapes from cuboidal to spindle and covered the surfaces of finger-like bones continuously. Alizarin red S and calcein deposited in the inner and outer layers of finger-like bones respectively, which showed that longer and larger bones formed on the nasal side of expanded sutures compared with the oral side. Interestingly, these finger-like bones were almost paralleling with the direction

  19. Suturing techniques and postoperative management in penetrating keratoplasty in the United Kingdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee RM

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Richard MH Lee,1 Fook Chang Lam,1 Tassos Georgiou,1 Bobby Paul,1 Kong Yong Then,1 Ioannis Mavrikakis,1 Venkata S Avadhanam,1 Christopher SC Liu1,21Sussex Eye Hospital, Brighton, United Kingdom; 2Tongdean Eye Clinic, Hove, United KingdomAims: To report on the suturing techniques and aspects of postoperative management in penetrating keratoplasty in the United Kingdom.Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to 137 ophthalmic consultants identified from a Royal College of Ophthalmology database as having a special interest in anterior segment surgery. The questionnaire surveyed surgeon preferences for surgical and suturing technique for penetrating keratoplasty surgery, and the postoperative care of corneal grafts.Results: In all, 68% of questionnaires were completed and returned: 73% of respondents used a Flieringa ring or equivalent, 94% routinely used cardinal sutures, with 50.5% removing them at the end of the procedure. The most common suturing technique for routine penetrating keratoplasty was a single continuous suture (35%. In these cases, a 10/0 nylon suture was used by 89%. Sixty-six percent changed their technique in high-risk cases, 52% used a 3-1-1 knot, and 75% made a distinction between a reef and granny knot, with 76% using a reef. Thirty percent buried the knots within the donor material, and 29% within the host tissue. Twenty-five percent had no routine time for graft suture removal, but 41% removed them between 1 and 2 years post-surgery. After suture removal, 98% used steroids and 88% used topical antibiotics. Thirty-four percent stopped topical steroids before suture removal, with 38% stopping topical steroids more than 3 months prior to suture removal.Conclusion: This survey demonstrates that there is considerable variation in suturing techniques and postoperative care for penetrating keratoplasty. These significant variations in practice need to be considered when interpreting outcomes and research.Keywords: corneal graft

  20. Stretch force guides finger-like pattern of bone formation in suture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo-Hai Wu

    Full Text Available Mechanical tension is widely applied on the suture to modulate the growth of craniofacial bones. Deeply understanding the features of bone formation in expanding sutures could help us to improve the outcomes of clinical treatment and avoid some side effects. Although there are reports that have uncovered some biological characteristics, the regular pattern of sutural bone formation in response to expansion forces is still unknown. Our study was to investigate the shape, arrangement and orientation of new bone formation in expanding sutures and explore related clinical implications. The premaxillary sutures of rat, which histologically resembles the sutures of human beings, became wider progressively under stretch force. Micro-CT detected new bones at day 3. Morphologically, these bones were forming in a finger-like pattern, projecting from the maxillae into the expanded sutures. There were about 4 finger-like bones appearing on the selected micro-CT sections at day 3 and this number increased to about 18 at day 7. The average length of these projections increased from 0.14 mm at day 3 to 0.81 mm at day 7. The volume of these bony protuberances increased to the highest level of 0.12 mm3 at day 7. HE staining demonstrated that these finger-like bones had thick bases connecting with the maxillae and thin fronts stretching into the expanded suture. Nasal sections had a higher frequency of finger-like bones occuring than the oral sections at day 3 and day 5. Masson-stained sections showed stretched fibers embedding into maxillary margins. Osteocalcin-positive osteoblasts changed their shapes from cuboidal to spindle and covered the surfaces of finger-like bones continuously. Alizarin red S and calcein deposited in the inner and outer layers of finger-like bones respectively, which showed that longer and larger bones formed on the nasal side of expanded sutures compared with the oral side. Interestingly, these finger-like bones were almost paralleling

  1. Clinical inquiries. How does tissue adhesive compare with suturing for superficial lacerations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aukerman, Douglas F; Sebastianelli, Wayne J; Nashelsky, Joan

    2005-04-01

    Tissue adhesives are effective and yield results comparable to those with conventional suturing of superficial, linear, and low-tension lacerations. The cosmetic outcome is similar; wound complications, such as infection and dehiscence, may be lower with tissue adhesives. Wound closure of superficial lacerations by tissue adhesives is quicker and less painful compared with conventional suturing (strength of recommendation: A, systematic reviews of randomized trials).

  2. Biomechanical characteristics of suture anchor implants for flexor digitorum profundus repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halát, Gabriel; Negrin, Lukas; Koch, Thomas; Erhart, Jochen; Platzer, Patrick; Hajdu, Stefan; Streicher, Johannes

    2014-02-01

    To determine strength and failure characteristics of 2 suture anchors used to repair simulated flexor digitorum profundus avulsions during passive mobilization protocol simulation. We simulated avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon in 30 distal phalanges from fresh-frozen human cadavers. Repair was performed with a 1.3 × 3.7 mm Micro-Mitek suture anchor (3-0 Orthocord suture) and a 2.2 × 4.0-mm Corkscrew suture anchor (2-0 FiberWire suture). All specimens were loaded cyclically from 2 to 15 N at 5 N/s for a total of 500 cycles. Samples were tested to failure at the completion of 500 cycles. Load at failure, load at first noteworthy displacement (> 2 mm), elongation of the system, gap formation at the tendon-bone interface, and the mechanism of failure were assessed. Suture failure at maximum load was the prevalent failure mechanism in both groups. No statistically significant difference in elongation of the tendon-suture complex was observed. The Corkscrew suture anchor showed a significantly superior performance in load to failure, load at first significant displacement, and gap formation at the tendon-bone interface. The significantly higher load capacity at first displacement (> 2 mm) and the significance of a lower gap formation at the repair site seem to be the most relevant clinical parameters. Based on this concept, the Corkscrew anchor may be superior biomechanically to the Micro-Mitek when considering an early passive mobilization protocol. The choice of an appropriate implant may influence the postoperative mobilization protocol and thereby improve currently reported success rates. Defining a biomechanically superior implant will provide an essential basis for further studies in flexor tendon repair research. Copyright © 2014 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Novel methodologies and technologies to assess mid-palatal suture maturation: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Isfeld, Darren; Lagravere, Manuel; Leon-Salazar, Vladimir; Flores-Mir, Carlos

    2017-01-01

    Introduction A reliable method to assess midpalatal suture maturation to drive clinical decision-making, towards non-surgical or surgical expansion, in adolescent and young adult patients is needed. The objectives were to systematically review and evaluate what is known regarding contemporary methodologies capable of assessing midpalatal suture maturation in humans. Methods A computerized database search was conducted using Medline, PubMed, Embase and Scopus to search the literature up until ...

  4. A single centre comparative study of laparoscopic mesh rectopexy versus suture rectopexy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manash Ranjan Sahoo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of our study is to compare the results of laparoscopic mesh vs. suture rectopexy. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 70 patients including both male and female of age ranging between 20 years and 65 years (mean 42.5 yrs were subjected to laparoscopic rectopexy during the period between March 2007 and June 2012, of which 38 patients underwent laparoscopic mesh rectopexy and 32 patients laparoscopic suture rectopexy. These patients were followed up for a mean period of 12 months assessing first bowel movement, hospital stay, duration of surgery, faecal incontinence, constipation, recurrence and morbidity. Results: Duration of surgery was 100.8 ± 12.4 minutes in laparoscopic suture rectopexy and 120 ± 10.8 min in laparoscopic mesh rectopexy. Postoperatively, the mean time for the first bowel movement was 38 hrs and 40 hrs, respectively, for suture and mesh rectopexy. Mean hospital stay was five (range: 4-7 days. There was no significant postoperative complication except for one port site infection in mesh rectopexy group. Patients who had varying degree of incontinence preoperatively showed improvement after surgery. Eleven out of 18 (61.1% patients who underwent laparoscopic suture rectopexy as compared to nine of 19 (47.3% patients who underwent laparoscopic mesh rectopexy improved as regards constipation after surgery. Conclusion: There were no significant difference in both groups who underwent surgery except for patients undergoing suture rectopexy had better symptomatic improvement of continence and constipation. Also, cost of mesh used in laparoscopic mesh rectopexy is absent in lap suture rectopexy group. To conclude that laparoscopic suture rectopexy is a safe and feasible procedure and have comparable results as regards operative time, morbidity, bowel function, cost and recurrence or even slightly better results than mesh rectopexy.

  5. Surgical site infections after abdominal closure in colorectal surgery using triclosan-coated absorbable suture (PDS Plus) vs. uncoated sutures (PDS II): a randomized multicenter study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baracs, Jozsef; Huszár, Orsolya; Sajjadi, Shahram Ghotb; Horváth, O Peter

    2011-12-01

    Surgical site infections (SSI) are the third most common hospital-acquired infections and account for 14% to 16% of all such infections. In elective colorectal operations, the international SSI rate ranges from 4.7%-25%. In a previous retrospective study in this department, the SSI rate was unacceptably high (25%), and the promising different international evaluations of triclosan-coated suture materials encouraged us to create a multicenter randomized trial to improve our results. The main goal of this study was to compare triclosan-coated and uncoated absorbable suture (PDS Plus(®) with PDS II(®)) in elective colorectal operations. This was an internet-based study involving seven surgical centers. All the elective colorectal operations were performed by experienced surgeons. For abdominal fascia closure, running looped PDS was applied; triclosan-coated or uncoated PDS was chosen by computer randomization. Pre-operative and peri-operative variables such as gender, body mass index, neoadjuvant therapy, type II diabetes mellitus, amount of wound dressing material used, nursing days, and microbiological results were recorded. After the operation, the patient's data and risk factors were collected in a password-protected online database. From 485 patients randomized, SSI was documented in 47 patients (12.5%), 23 (12.2%) in the group having triclosan-coated sutures (n=188) and 24 (12.2%) in the uncoated suture group (n=197), a non-significant difference. Of all SSIs, 13 (27.7%) were diagnosed only after discharge, being recognized in the outpatient setting, with four patients in the triclosan suture group (8.5%) and nine in the uncoated suture group (19.2%) being affected with no significant differences in the demographic data. Microbiological examinations, in addition to the same colon flora in both groups, revealed two gram-positive infections in the uncoated suture group. The hospital stay and costs of dressings were significantly higher in patients having SSIs

  6. [BIOMECHANICAL STUDY ON SUTURE WITH NECKWEAR-KNOT-LOOP-LIGATURE FOR TIBIAL EMINENCE AVULSION FRACTURES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jiangtao; Shen, Xuezhen; Liu, Chang; Qi, Wei; Qu, Feng; Yuan, Bangtuo; Zhao, Gang; Guo, Qi; Li, Hongliang; Lu, Xi; Zhu, Juanli; Liu, Yang; Liu, Yujie

    2015-09-01

    To study the biomechanical stability of neckwear-knot-loop-ligature fixation for tibial eminence avulsion fractures by comparing with cannulated screw fixation and suture anchor fixation. Twenty-four fresh porcine knee joints were selected. After the model of tibial eminence avulsion fracture (type III) was made, 24 samples were randomly divided into 3 groups: neckwear-knot-loop-ligature group (group A), cannulated screw group (group B), and suture anchor group (group C), 8 samples in each group. The Universal electromagnetic and mechanical testing machines were used for the biomechanical tests. After 200 cyclic tests, pull-out test was done until fixation failure. The maximum failure load, yield load, stiffness, and displacement were measured. Failure mode: the displacement was beyond limit in 8 samples of group A; screws extraction (5 samples) and bone fragment re-fracture (3 samples) were observed in group B; and suture anchor extraction (4 samples), suture rupture (3 samples), and suture thread cutting (1 sample) were found in group C. Biomechanical test: From groups A to C, the maximum failure load and yield load showed significant decreasing tendency (P0.05). Compared with cannulated screw and suture anchor, neckwear-knot-loop-ligature fixation for tibial eminence avulsion fracture has good biomechanical performance and the advantages of firm fixation and simple operation.

  7. Tarsal platform show after upper eyelid blepharoplasty with or without brassiere sutures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Novaes de Figueiredo

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Purpose: Increased tarsal platform show (TPS and decreased brow fat span (BFS are associated with favorable results in women undergoing cosmetic blepharoplasty. We conducted a study to evaluate the efficacy of upper blepharoplasty with or without a technique (brassiere sutures to increase TPS and decrease BFS. Methods: This is a prospective, randomized, comparative, case series study of 100 eyelids (50 consecutive women patients treated with cosmetic upper blepharoplasty performed by a single surgeon. Patients were randomized to receive traditional upper blepharoplasty with a single running suture skin closure versus orbicularis oculi muscle fixation to the periosteum (brassiere sutures prior to skin closure. Data on patient age, duration of follow-up, complications, and treatment were analyzed. The mean TPS, mean BFS, and mean TPS/BFS ratio were measured at three anatomic landmarks before and after surgery. Results: Fifty-six eyelids (28 patients were treated with traditional single suture blepharoplasty, and 44 eyelids (22 patients had brassiere sutures. In both groups, paired t-tests indicate significant differences between preoperative and postoperative evaluations (p0.05. Conclusions: Brassiere sutures during upper blepharoplasty and traditional blepharoplasty were associated with postoperative increase in TPS, decrease in BFS, and increase in TPS/BFS, without statistically significant differences between these surgeries.

  8. Bacterial Biofilms on Implanted Suture Material Are a Cause of Surgical Site Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistico, Laura; Tower, Irene; Lasko, Leslie-Ann; Stoodley, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) has been estimated to occur in up to 5% of all procedures, accounting for up to 0.5% of all hospital costs. Bacterial biofilms residing on implanted foreign bodies have been implicated as contributing or causative factors in a wide variety of infectious scenarios, but little consideration has been given to the potential for implanted, submerged suture material to act as a host for biofilm and thus serve as a nidus of infection. Methods: We report a series of 15 patients who underwent open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (with musculofascial closure with permanent, multifilament sutures) who developed longstanding and refractory SSIs in the abdominal wall. Explanted suture material at subsequent exploration was examined for biofilm with confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Results: All 15 patients at re-exploration were found to have gross evidence of a “slimy” matrix or dense reactive granulation tissue localized to the implanted sutures. Confocal laser-scanning microscopy revealed abundant biofilm present on all sutures examined; FISH was able to identify the presence of specific pathogens in the biofilm. Complete removal of the foreign bodies (and attendant biofilms) resulted in all cases in cure of the SSI. Conclusion: Bacterial biofilms on implanted suture material can manifest as persistent surgical site infections that require complete removal of the underlying foreign body substrata for resolution. PMID:24833403

  9. Laparoscopic stepwise-cut double initial stay suture pyeloplasty: our novel surgical technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ates, Mutlu; Ozgok, Yasar; Akin, Yigit; Arslan, Murat; Akand, Murat; Hoscan, Mustafa Burak

    2015-03-01

    To describe a novel surgical technique, laparoscopic stepwise-cut double initial stay suture (LASDISS) pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Additionally, we evaluated the safety and short-term results. This was a nonrandomized study with a series of 6 patients with UPJO, operated on between March 2012 and August 2013. Perioperative and short-term outcomes were evaluated. In brief, a "T shape cut" was performed from the dilated pelvis to the ureter. The initial stay suture was placed between the lower edge of the pelvis and the distal end of the spatulated anterolateral part of the ureter. The pelvis was closed with a continuous suture starting from the opened upper edge of the pelvis that was secured after leaving enough space for ureteral anastomosis. The second initial stay suture was placed after passing the ureter and pelvis two times. The dilated part of the renal pelvis and the stenotic segment were excised. A double-J stent was inserted. The remaining space between the two initial sutures was closed with these continuous sutures. We performed the LASDISS pyeloplasty technique in all cases. Median operation time was 177 minutes (range, 100-290 minutes). Mean follow-up was 7.5 months (range, 3-18 months). The mean pre- and postoperative split renal function on diuretic renography was 33% (range, 25%-56%) and 42% (range, 30%-52%), respectively. The LASDISS pyeloplasty surgical technique represents a safe and effective option in surgical treatment of UPJO.

  10. The spaced learning concept significantly improves training for laparoscopic suturing: a pilot randomized controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boettcher, Michael; Boettcher, Johannes; Mietzsch, Stefan; Krebs, Thomas; Bergholz, Robert; Reinshagen, Konrad

    2018-01-01

    Spaced learning has been shown to be effective in various areas like traditional knowledge or motor skill acquisition. To evaluate the impact of implementation of the spaced learning concept in laparoscopic training was the aim of this study. To evaluate the effectiveness of spaced learning, subjects were asked to perform four surgeon's square knots on a bowel model prior and post 3 h of hands-on training. All subjects were medical students and novice in laparoscopic suturing. Total time, knot stability (evaluated via tensiometer), suture accuracy, knot quality (Muresan score), and laparoscopic performance (Munz checklist) were assessed. Moreover, motivation was accessed using Questionnaire on Current Motivation. Twenty students were included in the study; after simple randomization, ten were trained using "spaced learning" concept and ten conservatively. Both groups had comparable baseline characteristics and improved after training significantly regarding all aspects assessed in this study. Subjects that trained via spaced learning were superior in terms of suture performance, knot quality, and suture strength. Ultimately, spaced learning significantly decreased anxiety and impression of challenge compared to controls. The spaced learning concept is very suitable for complex motor skill acquisition like laparoscopic suturing and knot tying. It significantly improves laparoscopic performance and knot quality as shown by the knot score and suture strength. Thus, we recommend to incorporate spaced learning into training courses and surgical programs.

  11. Asymmetric six-strand core sutures enhance tendon fatigue strength and the optimal asymmetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozono, N; Okada, T; Takeuchi, N; Hanada, M; Shimoto, T; Iwamoto, Y

    2016-10-01

    Under cyclic loading, we recorded the fatigue strength of a six-strand tendon repair with different symmetry in the lengths of suture purchase in two stumps of 120 dental rolls and in 30 porcine tendons. First, the strengths of the repairs with 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mm asymmetry were screened using the dental rolls. The asymmetric core suture repairs were then made with a Kessler repair of equal suture purchase (10 mm) in two tendon stumps, and shifting two other Kessler repairs by 1, 3 or 5 mm, respectively, along the longitudinal axis of the tendon in relation to the first (symmetric) Kessler repair. The core repairs with 3 mm or more asymmetry in suture purchases in two tendon ends showed significantly greater fatigue strength and significantly smaller gaps compared with 1 mm asymmetry in core suture repair. Our results support that asymmetric placement of core sutures in two tendon ends favour resisting gapping at the repair site and 3 mm or more asymmetry is needed to produce such beneficial effects. © The Author(s) 2016.

  12. Effect of dietary ascorbic Acid on osteogenesis of expanding midpalatal suture in rats.

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    Nasrin Farhadian

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available After maxillary expansion, a long period of retention is necessary to prevent early relapse. Therefore, it is beneficial to accelerate bone formation in the expanding midpalatal suture to reduce relapse. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of dietary vitamin C on osteogenesis of rat midpalatal suture during expansion.Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups, each with a control and an experimental subgroup. An open-loop spring was bonded to maxillary incisors of each animal to expand the premaxillary suture. Experimental groups received dietary vitamin C in their water. The rats in the three groups were sacrificed at three, nine or 17-day intervals after bonding the spring. Then, the premaxilla was dissected and sections were made and stained with hematoxylin and eosin and osteopontin marker. Osteoblasts and osteoclasts were counted in the suture. Two-way ANOVA and the Mann-Whitney-U test were used for analyzing the data.After three days, the number of osteoblasts was significantly higher in the vitamin C group but after nine days it was significantly higher in the control group and after seventeen days there were no significant differences between the groups. Osteoclast counts were not significantly different between vitamin C and control groups.Vitamin C had a positive effect on osteogenesis at the beginning of bone formation in the expanding suture, but after nine days it had a negative effect on suture osteogenesis in rats.

  13. Iatrogenic Ulnar Nerve Injury post Laceration Suturing – An Unusual Presentation

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    Murali Mothilal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nerve entrapment while suturing a lacerated wound is a complication that is easily avoidable. We report a case low ulnar nerve palsy due to nerve entrapment while suturing a lacerated wound. Case Report: A 48 year old lady came with complaints of pain and a lacerated wound over the dorsomedial aspect of lower third of the left forearm. The lacerated wound was sutured elsewhere one week back. She had fracture of lower third of the ulna which was stabilised with plates and screws using a separate dorsal incision. She developed ulnar claw hand on the third postoperative day. Strength duration curve revealed neurotmesis of ulnar nerve. Ulnar nerve exploration was done and the nerve was found to be ligated at the site of original laceration. The ligature was released and nerve was found to be thinned out at the site. There was no neurological recovery at 5 months follow up and reconstruction procedures in form of tendon tranfer are planned for the patient. Conclusion: This is a case of iatrogenic ulnar nerve palsy which is very rare in our literature. This can be easily avoided if proper care is taken while suturing the primary laceration. A nerve can be mistakenly sutured for a bleeding vein and proper exposure while suturing will be necessary especially at areas where nerves are superficial. Keywords: Iatrogenic, ulnar nerve palsy

  14. Cranial Suture Closure in Domestic Dog Breeds and Its Relationships to Skull Morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiger, Madeleine; Haussman, Sinah

    2016-04-01

    Bulldog-type brachycephalic domestic dog breeds are characterized by a relatively short and broad skull with a dorsally rotated rostrum (airorhynchy). Not much is known about the association between a bulldog-type skull conformation and peculiar patterns of suture and synchondrosis closure in domestic dogs. In this study, we aim to explore breed-specific patterns of cranial suture and synchondrosis closure in relation to the prebasial angle (proxy for airorhynchy and thus bulldog-type skull conformation) in domestic dogs. For this purpose, we coded closure of 18 sutures and synchondroses in 26 wolves, that is, the wild ancestor of all domestic dogs, and 134 domestic dogs comprising 11 breeds. Comparisons of the relative amount of closing and closed sutures and synchondroses (closure scores) in adult individuals showed that bulldog-type breeds have significantly higher closure scores than non-bulldog-type breeds and that domestic dogs have significantly higher closure scores than the wolf. We further found that the prebasial angle is significantly positively correlated with the amount of closure of the basispheno-presphenoid synchondrosis and sutures of the nose (premaxillo-nasal and maxillo-nasal) and the palate (premaxillo-maxillary and interpalatine). Our results show that there is a correlation between patterns of suture and synchondrosis closure and skull shape in domestic dogs, although the causal relationships remain elusive. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Bio-inspired ``jigsaw''-like interlocking sutures: Modeling, optimization, 3D printing and testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, I. A.; Mirkhalaf, M.; Barthelat, F.

    2017-05-01

    Structural biological materials such as bone, teeth or mollusk shells draw their remarkable performance from a sophisticated interplay of architectures and weak interfaces. Pushed to the extreme, this concept leads to sutured materials, which contain thin lines with complex geometries. Sutured materials are prominent in nature, and have recently served as bioinspiration for toughened ceramics and glasses. Sutures can generate large deformations, toughness and damping in otherwise all brittle systems and materials. In this study we examine the design and optimization of sutures with a jigsaw puzzle-like geometry, focusing on the non-linear traction behavior generated by the frictional pullout of the jigsaw tabs. We present analytical models which accurately predict the entire pullout response. Pullout strength and energy absorption increase with higher interlocking angles and for higher coefficients of friction, but the associated high stresses in the solid may fracture the tabs. Systematic optimization reveals a counter-intuitive result: the best pullout performance is achieved with interfaces with low coefficient of friction and high interlocking angle. We finally use 3D printing and mechanical testing to verify the accuracy of the models and of the optimization. The models and guidelines we present here can be extended to other types of geometries and sutured materials subjected to other loading/boundary conditions. The nonlinear responses of sutures are particularly attractive to augment the properties and functionalities of inherently brittle materials such as ceramics and glasses.

  16. Virtual reality robotic surgery simulation curriculum to teach robotic suturing: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiely, Daniel J; Gotlieb, Walter H; Lau, Susie; Zeng, Xing; Samouelian, Vanessa; Ramanakumar, Agnihotram V; Zakrzewski, Helena; Brin, Sonya; Fraser, Shannon A; Korsieporn, Pira; Drudi, Laura; Press, Joshua Z

    2015-09-01

    The objective of this randomized, controlled trial was to assess whether voluntary participation in a proctored, proficiency-based, virtual reality robotic suturing curriculum using the da Vinci(®) Skills Simulator™ improves robotic suturing performance. Residents and attending surgeons were randomized to participation or non-participation during a 5 week training curriculum. Robotic suturing skills were evaluated before and after training using an inanimate vaginal cuff model, which participants sutured for 10 min using the da Vinci(®) Surgical System. Performances were videotaped, anonymized, and subsequently graded independently by three robotic surgeons. 27 participants were randomized. 23 of the 27 completed both the pre- and post-test, 13 in the training group and 10 in the control group. Mean training time in the intervention group was 238 ± 136 min (SD) over the 5 weeks. The primary outcome (improvement in GOALS+ score) and the secondary outcomes (improvement in GEARS, total knots, satisfactory knots, and the virtual reality suture sponge 1 task) were significantly greater in the training group than the control group in unadjusted analysis. After adjusting for lower baseline scores in the training group, improvement in the suture sponge 1 task remained significantly greater in the training group and a trend was demonstrated to greater improvement in the training group for the GOALS+ score, GEARS score, total knots, and satisfactory knots.

  17. Identification and dynamics of a cryptic suture zone in tropical rainforest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, C.; Hoskin, C.J.; MacKenzie, J.B.; Phillips, B.L.; Tonione, M.; Silva, N.; VanDerWal, J.; Williams, S.E.; Graham, C.H.

    2009-01-01

    Suture zones, shared regions of secondary contact between long-isolated lineages, are natural laboratories for studying divergence and speciation. For tropical rainforest, the existence of suture zones and their significance for speciation has been controversial. Using comparative phylogeographic evidence, we locate a morphologically cryptic suture zone in the Australian Wet Tropics rainforest. Fourteen out of 18 contacts involve morphologically cryptic phylogeographic lineages, with mtDNA sequence divergences ranging from 2 to 15 per cent. Contact zones are significantly clustered in a suture zone located between two major Quaternary refugia. Within this area, there is a trend for secondary contacts to occur in regions with low environmental suitability relative to both adjacent refugia and, by inference, the parental lineages. The extent and form of reproductive isolation among interacting lineages varies across species, ranging from random admixture to speciation, in one case via reinforcement. Comparative phylogeographic studies, combined with environmental analysis at a fine-scale and across varying climates, can generate new insights into suture zone formation and to diversification processes in species-rich tropical rainforests. As arenas for evolutionary experimentation, suture zones merit special attention for conservation. PMID:19203915

  18. Uterine compression sutures as an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage: case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Riyami, Nihal; Hui, Dini; Herer, Elaine; Nevo, Ori

    2011-09-01

    We evaluated the role of uterine compression sutures as a conservative treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after failed medical treatment. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients who delivered between 2003 and 2009 at a single tertiary care center and who underwent uterine compression sutures for PPH. Twelve women had uterine compression sutures for PPH. The mean age of the patients was 36.3 ± 5.2 years. The mean gestational age at delivery was 37.7 ± 2.0 weeks, and the average estimated blood loss was 2.1 ± 1.1 L. The mean procedure time to perform the uterine compression sutures was 9.3 ± 2.8 minutes. The success rate of compression sutures was 92% with only one failure resulting in a hysterectomy. Uterine compression sutures are an effective method for the treatment of PPH, thus avoiding hysterectomy and preserving potential fertility.

  19. Bile duct stone formation around a nylon suture after gastrectomy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeda, Chiyo; Yokoyama, Naoyuki; Otani, Tetsuya; Katada, Tomohiro; Sudo, Natsuru; Ikeno, Yoshinobu; Matsuura, Fumiaki; Iwaya, Akira; Yamazaki, Toshiyuki; Kuwabara, Shirou; Katayanagi, Norio

    2013-03-22

    Many cases of choledocholiths formed around sutures and clips used during cholecystectomy have been reported. We describe a case of gallstone formation around a nylon suture after non-biliary surgery. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of such a case. A 75-year-old Japanese man, who had undergone distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer and reconstruction with the Billroth II method 8 years earlier, presented with gastric discomfort. Abdominal ultrasonography was conducted and we diagnosed cholecysto-choledocholithiasis with dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct. He underwent cholecystectomy and cholangioduodenostomy for choledocholith removal. Gallstones, which had formed around a nylon suture used during the previous gastrectomy, were found in the bile duct. Sutures of the same material had also been placed on the duodenum. Chemical analysis revealed that the stones were composed of calcium bilirubinate. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 19, and choledocholithiasis has not recurred thus far. The findings from this case suggest that standard, non-resorbable sutures used in gastrectomy may be associated with the formation of bile duct stones; therefore, absorbable suture material may be required to avert gallstone formation even in the case of gastrectomy.

  20. The effect of suture characteristics on short-term morbidity after vaginal prolapse surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizon, G; Duckett, J

    2015-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that larger sutures increase the risk of complications after prolapse surgery. This study aimed to assess whether multifilament sutures increased complications compared with monofilament sutures. A series of 100 women with 2/0 multifilament suture were matched by operation to a previous cohort when a size 2/0 monofilament suture was used. Offensive vaginal discharge was more common in the multifilament than in the monofilament group (24% vs. 12%; p = 0.04). However, there was no increased requirement to seek advice from a health professional (33% vs. 25%; p = 0.27) or to require antibiotics. Vaginal bleeding (10% vs. 5%; p = 0.28) and urinary infection (2% vs. 5%; p = 0.44) were statistically no more common in the multifilament 2/0 compared with the monofilament 2/0 group. Multifilament sutures used for closure of the vaginal skin are associated with a clinically non-significant higher incidence of vaginal discharge in the early post-operative period.

  1. Expression of in vivo mechanical strain upon different wave forms of exogenous forces in rabbit craniofacial sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopher, Ross A; Nudera, James A; Wang, Xin; O'Grady, Kevin; Mao, Jeremy J

    2003-10-01

    Sutures are fibrous joints between craniofacial bones, providing an interesting model for studying the biomechanics of the interface between soft and mineralized tissues. To explore whether different wave forms of exogenous forces induce corresponding sutural strain wave forms, sutural strain of the premaxillomaxillary suture (PMS) and nasofrontal suture (NFS) of New Zealand White rabbits (N = 8) was recorded upon application of static, sine- and square-wave forces against the maxilla from 1 N to 5 N in 1 N increments. The PMS demonstrated compressive strain, whereas the NFS tensile strain. Despite a tenfold difference in peak PMS strain (- 1451 +/- 512 micro(epsilon)) and NFS strain (141 +/- 39 micro(epsilon)) in response to 5 N cyclic forces, wave forms of exogenous forces were expressed as corresponding wave forms of sutural strain in both the PMS and NFS. Peak sutural strain was similar upon static and sine-wave cyclic loading. Thus, cells and matrix components of fibrous sutural tissue experience different wave forms of exogenous forces as corresponding wave forms of tissue-borne mechanical strain. Current craniofacial orthopedic therapies exclusively utilize static forces to change the shape of craniofacial bones via mechanically induced bone apposition and resorption. The present data provide room for exploring whether cyclic forces capable of inducing different sutural strain wave forms may accelerate sutural anabolic or catabolic responses.

  2. Performance Assessment of Suture Type, Water Temperature, and Surgeon Skill in Juvenile Chinook Salmon Surgically Implanted with Acoustic Transmitters

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    Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Carter, Kathleen M.; Boyd, James W.; Eppard, M. B.; Seaburg, Adam

    2010-05-01

    This study assessed performance of seven suture types in subyearling Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha implanted with acoustic microtransmitters. Nonabsorbable (Ethilon) and absorbable (Monocryl) monofilament and nonabsorbable (Nurolon, silk) and absorbable (Vicryl, Vicryl Plus, Vicryl Rapide) braided sutures were used to close incisions in Chinook salmon. Monocryl exhibited greater suture retention than all other suture types 7 d after surgery. Both monofilament suture types were retained better than all braided suture types at 14 d. Incision openness and tag retention did not differ among suture types. Wound inflammation was similar for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon at 7 d. Wound ulceration was lower for Ethilon, Monocryl, and Nurolon than for all other suture types at 14 d post-surgery. Fish held in 12°C water had more desirable post-surgery healing characteristics (i.e., higher suture and tag retention and lower incision openness, wound inflammation, and ulceration) at 7 and 14 d after surgery than those held in 17°C water. The effect of surgeon was a significant predictor for all response variables at 7 d. This result emphasizes the importance of including surgeon as a variable in telemetry study analyses when multiple surgeons are used. Monocryl performed better with regard to post-surgery healing characteristics in the study fish. The overall results support the conclusion that Monocryl is the best suture material to close incisions created during surgical implantation of acoustic microtransmitters in subyearling Chinook salmon.

  3. Polyvinylidene Fluoride as a Suture Material: Evaluation of Comet Tail-Like Infiltrate and Foreign Body Granuloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambertz, Andreas; Schröder, Kai Michael; Schöb, Dominik Stefan; Binnebösel, Marcel; Anurov, Michael; Klinge, Uwe; Neumann, Ulf Peter; Klink, Christian Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Biocompatibility and tissue integration of a surgical suture are decisive factors for wound healing and therefore for the success of sutures. The optimal suture material is still under discussion. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is described to have superior properties of biocompatibility and is therefore frequently used as a mesh component. Only little information is available about its use as a suture material. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of PVDF as a suture material in comparison to 5 different established sutures in a rat model. In 30 male rats, a monofilamental PVDF suture (Resopren®) and 5 established control suture materials [polyester (Miralene®), polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore®), poliglecaprone (Monocryl®), polydioxanone (Monoplus®), polyglactin 910 (Vicryl®), USP size 3-0] were placed in the subcutaneous layer of the abdominal wall without knot or tension. After 3, 7 or 21 days, the abdominal walls were explanted for histopathological and immunohistochemical investigation with special regard to the size and quality of foreign body granuloma and the length of the comet tail-like infiltrate (CTI). The PVDF sutures showed the smallest size of foreign body granuloma (60 ± 14 µm) and the smallest CTI length (343 ± 60 µm) of all polymers after 21 days. Only PVDF (Resopren) and polydioxanone (Monoplus) showed a significant collagen I/III ratio increase between days 3 and 21 (p = 0.009 and p = 0.016). The quality of foreign body reaction regarding inflammation, proliferation and fibrotic remodeling was similar between all suture materials. Our data indicate that monofilamental PVDF sutures show a favorable foreign body reaction with small granuloma sizes and CTI length in comparison to established sutures. Its use as a suture material in general surgery could therefore be extended in the future. To reinforce these findings, further clinical studies need to be conducted. 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Mechanical properties of all-suture anchors for rotator cuff repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zargar, N.; Smith, R. D. J.; Carr, A. J.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives All-suture anchors are increasingly used in rotator cuff repair procedures. Potential benefits include decreased bone damage. However, there is limited published evidence for the relative strength of fixation for all-suture anchors compared with traditional anchors. Materials and Methods A total of four commercially available all-suture anchors, the ‘Y-Knot’ (ConMed), Q-FIX (Smith & Nephew), ICONIX (Stryker) and JuggerKnot (Zimmer Biomet) and a traditional anchor control TWINFIX Ultra PK Suture Anchor (Smith & Nephew) were tested in cadaveric human humeral head rotator cuff repair models (n = 24). This construct underwent cyclic loading applied by a mechanical testing rig (Zwick/Roell). Ultimate load to failure, gap formation at 50, 100, 150 and 200 cycles, and failure mechanism were recorded. Significance was set at p anchor (181.0 N, standard error (se) 17.6) compared with the all-suture anchors (mean 133.1 N se 16.7) (p = 0.04). The JuggerKnot anchor had greatest displacement at 50, 100 and 150 cycles, and at failure, reaching statistical significance over the control at 100 and 150 cycles (22.6 mm se 2.5 versus 12.5 mm se 0.3; and 29.6 mm se 4.8 versus 17.0 mm se 0.7). Every all-suture anchor tested showed substantial (> 5 mm) displacement between 50 and 100 cycles (6.2 to 14.3). All-suture anchors predominantly failed due to anchor pull-out (95% versus 25% of traditional anchors), whereas a higher proportion of traditional anchors failed secondary to suture breakage. Conclusion We demonstrate decreased failure load, increased total displacement, and variable failure mechanisms in all-suture anchors, compared with traditional anchors designed for rotator cuff repair. These findings will aid the surgeon’s choice of implant, in the context of the clinical scenario. Cite this article: N. S. Nagra, N. Zargar, R. D. J. Smith, A. J. Carr. Mechanical properties of all-suture anchors for rotator cuff repair. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:82–89. DOI: 10

  5. A new surgical technique using steel suture for trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses

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    Jagat Ram

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A new emerging complication of trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber (PC intraocular lens (IOL with polypropylene suture is high rates of spontaneous dislocation of the IOL due to disintegration or breakage of suture. Materials: We report a new surgical technique of trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lens (SF PCIOL with steel suture to eliminate the complication of dislocation of IOL fixed with polypropylene suture in one adult and a child. Results: We successfully achieved stable fixation and good centration of IOL after SF PCIOL with steel suture in these patient having inadequate posterior capsular support. Both eyes achieved best corrected visual acuity 20/40 at 18 months follow-up. Conclusions: Steel suture is a viable option for trans-scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lens.

  6. Effect of Ringer's Solution on Tensile Strength of Non-Absorbable, Medium- and Long-Term Absorbable Sutures

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    Robert Karpiński

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an experimental and correlational study of mechanical properties of selected surgical sutures. The research methods employed in the study consisted in conducting tensile strength tests on suture material and subjecting the obtained data to statistical analysis. The changes in tensile strength of absorbable sutures measured in tests were subsequently collated with results for suture material samples that were not exposed to Ringer’s solution. The results were, furthermore, compared with manufacturer’s specifications concerning suture absorption time in the body. The detailed analysis of differences between results presented in the study allowed us to formulate conclusions regarding the impact of exposure to Ringer’s solution on the strength of surgical sutures.

  7. Randomized trial of antimicrobial-coated sutures to prevent surgical site infection after breast cancer surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Nia; Sweetland, Helen; Goyal, Sumit; Ivins, Nicola; Leaper, David J

    2011-12-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is the fourth commonest healthcare-associated infection and complicates at least 5% of open operations. In a randomized clinical trial, antimicrobial-coated sutures were compared with their conventional counterparts, polyglactin and poliglecaprone, for skin closure after breast cancer surgery to assess their role in reducing the rate of SSI. Between November 2008 and February 2011, 150 female patients presenting with breast cancer to a single center were randomized to skin closure with antimicrobial-coated or plain sutures. Postoperatively, SSI was defined using the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definitions and scored using the ASEPSIS or Southampton systems by trained, blinded observers with close post-discharge surveillance and patient diaries. Surgeons and patients were blinded to the type of suture used. Using CDC criteria, the overall rate of SSI was 18.9% at six weeks. Six patients (4.7%) needed intervention or readmission for SSI. Skin closure with antimicrobial sutures showed a non-statistically significant reduction in the SSI rate, to 15.2%, compared with conventional sutures (22.9%). A uniform tendency for fewer SSIs in the antimicrobial-coated suture group was found using ASEPSIS and Southampton scores, but again, the difference was not statistically significant. The previously reported high rate of SSI related to breast surgery was confirmed. Using statistical modeling and earlier reports, the study was powered to show a difference using ASEPSIS scores, but the modification used in this trial failed to find a difference. Finding a statistically significant difference would have needed two to three times the number of patients recruited. Further evaluation of antimicrobial-coated sutures is merited, particularly if used as part of a care bundle to reduce SSI after breast cancer surgery.

  8. Relaxing incisions combined with adjustment sutures for post-deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty astigmatism in keratoconus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javadi, Mohammad Ali; Feizi, Sepehr; Mirbabaee, Firooz; Rastegarpour, Ali

    2009-12-01

    To find an effective and reliable method to correct astigmatism after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in patients with keratoconus. This interventional case series included 14 eyes of 14 patients with keratoconus (12 males) undergoing graft refractive surgery (GRS) for intolerable post-DALK astigmatism. The technique of GRS for the 5 initial cases consisted of only relaxing incisions at the steep meridian in the graft-host interface down to Descemet membrane. For the rest, the relaxing incisions at the steep meridian were accompanied by simultaneous suturing and the effect of the relaxing incisions was controlled through selective suture removal starting a few days after the operation. The main outcomes were uncorrected and corrected visual acuity and change in refractive and keratometric astigmatism using subtraction and vector analysis methods. Mean patient age was 29.36 +/- 6.2 years. Mean time interval from complete suture removal to GRS and follow-up period were 4.5 +/- 2.0 months and 12.0 +/- 7.4 months, respectively. Mean preoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 0.29 +/- 0.1, increasing to 0.22 +/- 0.1 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution after the operation (P = 0.007). Average keratometric astigmatism was reduced by 3.8 and 5.5 diopters measured with subtraction and vector analysis methods, respectively. Four of 5 eyes that had only relaxing incisions initially required suturing of the incisions because of overcorrection, whereas preliminary results showed none of the 9 patients undergoing simultaneous relaxing incisions and suturing required further intervention. Relaxing incisions and suturing at the steep meridian followed by selective suture removal can effectively and predictably reduce post-DALK astigmatism in patients with keratoconus.

  9. Effects of In Utero Thyroxine Exposure on Murine Cranial Suture Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Laurel; Bennfors, Grace; Parsons, Trish E.; Elsalanty, Mohammed E.; Yu, Jack C.; Weinberg, Seth M.; Cray, James J.

    2016-01-01

    Large scale surveillance studies, case studies, as well as cohort studies have identified the influence of thyroid hormones on calvarial growth and development. Surveillance data suggests maternal thyroid disorders (hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism with pharmacological replacement, and Maternal Graves Disease) are linked to as much as a 2.5 fold increased risk for craniosynostosis. Craniosynostosis is the premature fusion of one or more calvarial growth sites (sutures) prior to the completion of brain expansion. Thyroid hormones maintain proper bone mineral densities by interacting with growth hormone and aiding in the regulation of insulin like growth factors (IGFs). Disruption of this hormonal control of bone physiology may lead to altered bone dynamics thereby increasing the risk for craniosynostosis. In order to elucidate the effect of exogenous thyroxine exposure on cranial suture growth and morphology, wild type C57BL6 mouse litters were exposed to thyroxine in utero (control = no treatment; low ~167 ng per day; high ~667 ng per day). Thyroxine exposed mice demonstrated craniofacial dysmorphology (brachycranic). High dose exposed mice showed diminished area of the coronal and widening of the sagittal sutures indicative of premature fusion and compensatory growth. Presence of thyroid receptors was confirmed for the murine cranial suture and markers of proliferation and osteogenesis were increased in sutures from exposed mice. Increased Htra1 and Igf1 gene expression were found in sutures from high dose exposed individuals. Pathways related to the HTRA1/IGF axis, specifically Akt and Wnt, demonstrated evidence of increased activity. Overall our data suggest that maternal exogenous thyroxine exposure can drive calvarial growth alterations and altered suture morphology. PMID:27959899

  10. A Pentagram Suture Technique for Closing Tumor Resection Sites in the Face.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumine, Hajime; Takeuchi, Masaki; Mori, Satoko; Sakurai, Hiroyuki

    2015-08-01

    Resection of facial skin tumors aims to remove the tumors completely and make the surgical scar unnoticeable as much as possible. By improving the purse string suture method, we developed a new pentagram suture technique that enables simple and safe suturing of small to large defects with early satisfactory esthetic outcomes. The surgical outcomes of a case series were examined in this report. As in drawing a unicursal star, 5 suture sites were marked at specific intervals around the defect area. A needle with 5-0 polydioxanone suture was passed from the subcutaneous tissue to the superficial dermal layer at one site and then from the superficial dermal layer to the subcutaneous layer at the next site, and the process was repeated until the pentagram was complete. When apposition was not tight enough, a couple of external stitches were added using 6-0 nylon suture. In 13 patients (16 benign or malignant tumors; mean age, 51.1 years) with a mean tumor size of 10.1 ± 5.2 mm and postoperative skin defect diameter of 12.1 ± 8.2 mm, closure did not result in high tension on the suture, and there was reduced mechanical stress at the wound margin. Surgical outcomes were good esthetically at 6 months after surgery without keloid formation or scar contracture. None of the patients had postoperative pain, infection, or tumor recurrence. This simple alternative method for the closure of facial skin defects after skin tumor excision could be performed easily and provided satisfactory surgical outcomes.

  11. Suture Line Response of End-to-Side Anastomosis: A Stress Concentration Methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussis, P C; Giannakopoulos, A E; Charalambous, H P

    2015-03-01

    End-to-side vascular anastomosis has a considerable complexity regarding the suturing of the juncture line between the artery and the graft. The present study proposes a stress-concentration methodology for the prediction of the stress distribution at the juncture line, aiming to provide generic expressions describing the response of an end-to-side anastomosis. The proposed methodology is based on general results obtained from the analysis of pipe connections, a topic that has been investigated in recent years in the field of offshore structural engineering. A key aspect for implementing the stress-concentration-factor approach is the recognition that the axial load due to pressure and flow dynamics exerted along the graft axis controls the "hot spots" on the juncture line, which in turn affects the mechanical response of the sutures. Several parameters, identified to influence the suture line response, are introduced in closed-form expressions for the suture line response calculations. The obtained results compare favorably with finite element results published in the literature. The proposed model predicts analytically the suture line response of end-to-side anastomosis, while capturing the influence of and interdependence among the problem parameters. Lower values of the graft radius, the distance between sequential stitches, and the intersecting angle between the artery and the graft are some of the key parameters that reduce the suture line response. The findings of this study are broad in scope and potentially applicable to improving the end-to-side anastomosis technique through improved functionality of the sutures and optimal selection of materials and anastomosis angle.

  12. Continuous forces are more effective than intermittent forces in expanding sutures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Sean Shih-Yao; Kyung, Hee-Moon; Buschang, Peter H

    2010-08-01

    While both intermittent and continuous forces are commonly used to expand sutures, it remains unclear which force is most effective. Using nickel-titanium (NiTi) open coil springs (50 g) and 3 mm long miniscrew implants (MSIs) for skeletal anchorage, intermittent and continuous forces were used to expand the midsagittal sutures in 18 New Zealand white juvenile male rabbits, 11 weeks of age, for 29 days. In the intermittent group, expansion forces of 50 g were delivered for 5 days (on) and paused for 1 day (off); the on/off cycles were repeated five times. Expansion forces of 50 g were delivered for 29 consecutive days in the continuous group. Longitudinal biometric and histomorphometric analyses were performed to evaluate sutural separation and bone formation using implanted tantalum bone markers and fluorescent bone labelling, respectively. Multilevel modelling procedures were undertaken to compare the groups and time intervals. Continuous forces produced significantly greater overall sutural separation (1.3 mm) than intermittent forces (0.8 mm). Although they were delivered over a period of time 86 per cent as long, intermittent forces produced only 61 per cent of the sutural separation of continuous forces. Between days 7 and 17, continuous forces resulted in significantly greater mineral apposition and bone formation rates than intermittent forces. Intermittent forces produced approximately 59 per cent as much mineral apposition and 61 per cent as much bone formation as continuous forces. Due to greater sutural separation and bone formation, continuous forces provide a more effective approach for separating sutures than intermittent forces.

  13. Influence of suturing material on wound healing: Experimental study in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gazivoda Dragan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. The most common materials implanted in the human organism are suture materials that are classified on the basis of several criteria, usually the origin, structure, and properties. The properties of suture materials are related to its absorbability and non-absorbability. When using resorbable materials it is of great importance to determine whether its absorbability and tensile strength help wound healing in function of time. Sutures themselves can become a source of inflammation, that may reduce or compromise the potential of reparation and regeneration. The aim of this experimental study on dogs was to ascertain whether the absorption rate and the degree of local tissue reactions differ from information provided by the manufacturers, whether there are differences between the applied suture materials and which of the used suture materials have better effect on wound healing. Methods. Experimental testing of the selected suture materials basic characteristics was performed on 6 German Shepherd dogs, which, after induction of general anesthesia, were made 3 identical incisions each in all 4 quadrants (left and right side of the upper and lower jaws, so that 12 horizontal incisions were formed, 10 mm long, 20-25 mm distant from one another, on each animal. Randomly, incisions were stitched up in the following order, starting from back to front: catgut, Dexon®, Vicryl-Rapid®. The experiment was terminated by histopathological examination of tissue samples, taken on postoperative day 3, 7, 14 and 21 in order to identify the effect of healing and the degree of local reaction. Results. The obtained results suggest that catgut has the highest absorption rate, while Dexon® the lowest. Vicryl-Rapid® causes the lowest level of local reactions, while Dexon® the highest. Conclusion. There is no ideal suture material because various patient factors also influence the wound healing process.

  14. VEGF-releasing suture material for enhancement of vascularization: development, in vitro and in vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigalke, Christian; Luderer, Frank; Wulf, Katharina; Storm, Thilo; Löbler, Marian; Arbeiter, Daniela; Rau, Bettina M; Nizze, Horst; Vollmar, Brigitte; Schmitz, Klaus-Peter; Klar, Ernst; Sternberg, Katrin

    2014-12-01

    As it has been demonstrated that bioactive substances can be delivered locally using coated surgical suture materials, the authors developed a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-releasing suture material that should promote vascularization and potentially wound healing. In this context, the study focused on the characterization of the developed suture material and the verification of its biological activity, as well as establishing a coating process that allows reproducible and stable coating of a commercially available polydioxanone suture material with poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) and 0.1μg and 1.0μg VEGF. The in vitro VEGF release kinetics was studied using a Sandwich ELISA. The biological activity of the released VEGF was investigated in vitro using human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The potential of the VEGF-releasing suture material was also studied in vivo 5days after implantation in the hind limb of Wistar rats, when the histological findings were analyzed. The essential results, enhanced cell viability in vitro as well as significantly increased vascularization in vivo, were achieved using PLLA/1.0μg VEGF-coated suture material. Furthermore, ELISA measurements revealed a high reproducibility of the VEGF release behavior. Based on the results achieved regarding the dose-effect relationship of VEGF, the stability during its processing and the release behavior, it can be predicted that a bioactive suture material would be successful in later in vivo studies. Therefore, this knowledge could be the basis for future studies, where bioactive substances with different modes of action are combined for targeted, overall enhancement of wound healing. Copyright © 2014 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Descriptive Analysis of Sphenovomerine Suture and Its Importance in Neurosurgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uygun, Seda; Surucu, Huseyin Selcuk; Tatar, Ilkan; Ozgen, Burce; Tunali, Selcuk; Berker, Mustafa

    2016-10-01

    Articulation of rostrum of sphenoid bone with alae of vomer forms a schindylesis type of joint. The circumference of this joint, called sphenovomerine suture (SVS), is very important in establishing a reliable surgical field in the endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Because of its vital role in endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery, this radio-anatomical study was designed to establish the morphological properties of SVS. In this study, the authors examined SVS in 235 patients (121 females and 114 males) on the computed tomography images of the paranasal sinus and made 4 measurements to describe SVS. The mean distance between superior margin of the upper labial philtrum and top of SVS was 6.66 ± 0.43 cm for females and 7.44 ± 0.54 cm for males. The distance between the top of SVS and dorsum sellae was 3.08 ± 0.33 cm for females and 3.19 ± 0.32 cm for males, the alae of vomer angle in the upper surface was 74.22 ± 20.06° for females and 74.23 ± 19.68° for males. The distance between the most lateral points of 2 alae of vomer was 0.99 ± 0.17 and 1.01 ± 0.19 cm for females and males, respectively. For an easy and successful operation, removal of the SVS is very important as it will provide a better view of the sellar base and make the management of the surgical instruments easier in the wider safe surgical field thus created.

  16. Suture lateralization in patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Wan-Fu; Liu, Shao-Cheng; Tang, Wei-Sheng; Yang, Mei-Chen; Lin, Yuan-Yung; Huang, Tung-Tsun

    2014-09-01

    To introduce a simplified suture lateralization (SL) technique to treat patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). A retrospective study of surgical procedures by manual chart review. The proposed endoscopic SL procedure was used for 20 patients operated on for BVFP between 2007 and 2013, with three attempts to remove a tracheostomy tube and 17 attempts to resolve the dyspnea. An adjustment procedure was also used to correct any excessive lateralization according to the individual's clinical symptoms, such as intolerable aspiration after SL in elderly patients and excessive breathiness of voice in socially active patients. St George's respiratory questionnaire was used to subjectively evaluate the efficacy of lateralization of vocal folds. Pulmonary function test with flow-volume loop was used to objectively evaluate the improvement of BVFP-related upper airway obstruction after surgery. Phonatory ability tests were also used to evaluate the degree of deterioration of voice quality. Twenty patients underwent 22 episodes of SL. Two adjustment procedures were performed to correct excessive breathiness of voice or intolerable aspiration. Respiration was adequate in all 19 patients without artificial airways. Voice quality was socially acceptable in 19 of the patients and even equal to preoperative voice quality in 14 of them. Temporary mild aspiration occurred in 18 patients only in the first few days after the procedure. One decannulation failure and refusing adjustment procedure occurred in one elderly patient. All the patients were followed up for surgical outcomes for at least 9 and 33 months on average. SL is a simple, reversible, and minimally invasive reconstructive procedure for patients with BVFP. Our study supported its applicability for selected patients. Copyright © 2014 The Voice Foundation. All rights reserved.

  17. Mechanical properties of various suture materials and placement patterns tested with surrogate in vitro model constructs simulating laryngeal advancement tie-forward procedures in horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Marcos P; Gutierrez-Nibeyro, Santiago D; Horn, Gavin P; Johnson, Amy J Wagoner; Stewart, Matthew C; Schaeffer, David J

    2014-05-01

    To compare the mechanical properties of laryngeal tie-forward (LTF) surrogate constructs prepared with steel fixtures and No. 5 braided polyester or braided polyethylene by use of a standard or a modified suture placement technique. 32 LTF surrogate constructs. Surrogate constructs were prepared with steel fixtures and sutures (polyester or polyethylene) by use of a standard or modified suture placement technique. Constructs underwent single-load-to-failure testing. Maximal load at failure, elongation at failure, stiffness, and suture breakage sites were compared among constructs prepared with polyester sutures by means of the standard (n = 10) or modified (10) technique and those prepared with polyethylene sutures with the standard (6) or modified (6) technique. Polyethylene suture constructs had higher stiffness, higher load at failure, and lower elongation at failure than did polyester suture constructs. Constructs prepared with the modified technique had higher load at failure than did those prepared with the standard technique for both suture materials. All sutures broke at the knot in constructs prepared with the standard technique. Sutures broke at a location away from the knot in 13 of 16 constructs prepared with the modified technique (3 such constructs with polyethylene sutures broke at the knot). Results suggested LTF surrogate constructs prepared with polyethylene sutures or the modified technique were stronger than those prepared with polyester sutures or the standard technique.

  18. Rapidly resorbable vs. non-resorbable suture for experimental colonic anastomoses in rats--a randomized experimental study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, Mads; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Gögenur, Ismail

    2011-01-01

    Anastomotic dehiscence remains an important challenge for colorectal surgeons worldwide. Extensive research focused on performing a safe anastomosis is conducted with rats being the most used model when examining colorectal anastomoses. In daily clinical practice resorbable sutures are used when...... hand-sewn anastomoses are performed. However, in the experimental studies examining colorectal anastomoses, non-resorbable sutures have predominantly been used. The aim of this study was to compare a rapidly resorbable suture with a non-resorbable suture in experimental colorectal anastomoses....

  19. Evaluation of the histologic reactions to commonly used suture materials in the skin and musculature of ball pythons (Python regius).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFadden, Michael S; Bennett, R Avery; Kinsel, Michael J; Mitchell, Mark A

    2011-10-01

    To evaluate histologic reactions to 8 suture materials and cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive (CTA) in the musculature and skin of ball pythons. 30 hatchling ball pythons. In each snake, ten 1-cm skin incisions were made (day 0). At 8 sites, a suture of 1 of 8 materials was placed in the epaxial musculature, and the incision was closed with the same material. One incision was closed by use of CTA. No suture material was placed in the tenth incision, which was allowed to heal by second intention (negative control). Snakes (n = 5/group) were euthanized for harvest of treatment-site tissues at days 3, 7, 14, 30, 60, and 90. Skin and muscle sections were examined microscopically and assigned a subjective score (0 to 4) for each of the following: overall severity of inflammation, fibrosis, number of macrophages, number of granulocytes, number of perivascular lymphocytes, and degree of suture fragmentation. Subjective score analysis revealed that CTA did not cause a significant inflammatory response, compared with the negative control. All suture materials caused significantly more inflammation over all time points; for all suture materials, inflammatory response scores were significantly higher than values for the negative control 90 days after implantation. No sutures were completely absorbed by the end of the study period, and several sutures appeared to be in the process of extrusion. In snakes, CTA can be used to close small superficial incisions or lacerations with minimal inflammatory response, and sutures may undergo extrusion from tissues prior to complete absorption.

  20. Comparison of the Tissue Response Around Three Types of Braided Nonabsorbable Suture Materials: An Animal Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bidgoli M

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The tissue reaction to stitch strings used in the intraoral surgery that can aggravate inflammation is an important issue. This study aimed to compare the tissue reaction formed around three types of stitches, including Demesilk (Demetech corporation,USA that is not produced inside the country, Pedsilk and Suture, which all are natural nonabsorbable, on rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 12 male rats with an approximate weight of 250 g were selected and divided into two equal groups. After anesthesia, the back hair of the animals was shaved and all three types of stitch strings were used differently in each sample. The first type of stitch was Pedsilk, the second type Suture, and the third one was Demesilk. In certain days (the second and seventh days, one group of the rats were sacrificed with a certain amount of fatal ketamine and all three types of stitch strings were removed separately and transmitted to laboratory and compared regarding inflammation, granulation and fibrosis formation. The data were analyzed using the Friedman and Wilcoxon tests with the SPPS software. Results: Statistical assessment carried out in all three types showed a significant difference among the strings in most cases. The manner of Pedsilk and Demesilk with regard to inflammation was similar in which the possibility of inflammation increased as the time passed and this possibility decreased in the Suture. The manner of both Pedsilk and Demesilk regarding the granulation tissue was similar in which the possibility of the formation of the tissue did not have a remarkable decrease as the time passed. In Suture, this possibility decreased remarkably. The manner of all three strings, Suture, Pedsilk and Demesilk, increased significantly regarding fibrosis tissue formation as the time passed (P < 0.05. After a while, the possibility of Rey epithelialization increased meaningfully in Suture and Demesilk, while it remained unchanged in Pedesilk. The

  1. Suture-button versus screw fixation of the syndesmosis: a biomechanical analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klitzman, Robert; Zhao, Heng; Zhang, Li-Qun; Strohmeyer, Greg; Vora, Anand

    2010-01-01

    The treatment of ankle fractures with syndesmotic injuries associated with disruption of the deltoid ligament complex is controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare both the biomechanical and physiologic properties of suture-button fixation to the intact syndesmosis and screw fixation. Eight fresh frozen human cadaveric ankles were used in three different groups. One group had an intact syndesmosis and deltoid ligamentous complex and two groups had fixation of the syndesmosis after its disruption along with disruption of the deltoid ligaments. One fixation group used a suture-button and the other used a 3.5-mm tricortical syndesmotic screw. The syndesmotic gap after cycling at submaximal loads, laxity due to cycling, and fibular movement allowed in the sagittal plane were all measured and analyzed for statistical significance. The syndesmotic gap after cycling was not significantly different between the intact group (9.1 mm) and the suture-button group (8.8 mm) (p = 0.1509). The screw fixation group had a significantly smaller gap (7.9 mm) as compared to the other two groups (screw versus intact, p = 0.00004; screw versus suture-button, p = 0.0004). The intact group did not demonstrate a significant difference in laxity before (9.0 mm) and after (9.1 mm) cycling (p = 0.0670), whereas the suture-button group did have a significant difference (before, 8.01 mm; after, 8.28 mm) (p = 0.000251). The movement of the fibula in the sagittal plane was significantly greater in the suture-button group (3.17 mm) as compared to the intact group (2.77 mm) (p = 0.00554). Screw fixation allowed significantly less fibular movement in the sagittal plane (1.16 mm) as compared to the intact (p = 0.00014) and suture-button (p = 0.0000012) groups. Suture-button fixation maintained reduction after cycling with submaximal loads that compared favorably to the intact syndesmosis. It also allowed more physiologic movement of the fibula in the sagittal plane when compared to

  2. Subacromial corticosteroid injections transiently decrease suture anchor pullout strength: biomechanical studies in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolkart, Oleg; Chechik, Ofir; Bivas, Assaf; Brosh, Tamar; Drexler, Michael; Weinerman, Zachary; Maman, Eran

    2017-10-01

    Arthroscopic rotator cuff (RC) repair incorporates suture anchors to secure torn RC tendons to the greater tuberosity (GT) bone. RC repair strength depends on the anchor-bone interface and on the quality of the GT. We evaluated the effect of single and multiple corticosteroid injections on the pullout strength of suture anchors. Fifty rats were divided into those receiving saline solution injection (control group), a single methylprednisolone acetate (MTA) injection (MTA1 group), or 3 once-weekly MTA injections (MTA3 group). Rats were killed humanely at 1 or 4 weeks after the last injection. A mini-suture anchor was inserted into the humeral head through the GT. Specimens were tested biomechanically. At 1 week after the last injection, the mean maximal pullout strength was significantly reduced in the MTA1 group (63.5%) and MTA3 group (56%) compared with the control group (P suture anchor at 1 week. However, this effect was transient and resolved within a relatively short period. These findings indicate that a waiting period is required between subacromial corticosteroid injection and RC repair surgery that involves the use of suture anchors. Copyright © 2017 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. The Effect of Suture Anchor Insertion Angle on Calcaneus Pullout Strength: Challenging the Deadman's Angle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, William M; Saucedo, Ramon P; Robinson, John D; Lo, Chung-Chieh Jason; Morris, Randal P; Panchbhavi, Vinod K

    2017-10-01

    Refractory cases of Achilles tendinopathy amenable to surgery may include reattachment of the tendon using suture anchors. However, there is paucity of information describing the optimal insertion angle to maximize the tendon footprint and anchor stability in the calcaneus. The purpose of this investigation is to compare the fixation strength of suture anchors inserted at 90° and 45° (the Deadman's angle) relative to the primary compressive trabeculae of the calcaneus. A total of 12 matched pairs of adult cadaveric calcanei were excised and potted to approximate their alignment in vivo. Each pair was implanted with 5.5-mm bioabsorbable suture anchors placed either perpendicular (90°) or oblique (45°) to the primary compressive trabeculae. A tensile load was applied until failure of anchor fixation. Differences in failure load and stiffness between anchor fixation angles were determined by paired t-tests. No significant differences were detected between perpendicular and oblique suture anchor insertion relative to primary compressive trabeculae in terms of load to failure or stiffness. This investigation suggests that the fixation strength of suture anchors inserted perpendicular to the primary compression trabeculae and at the Deadman's angle are possibly comparable. Biomechanical comparison study.

  4. Sutured clear corneal incision: wound apposition and permeability to bacterial-sized particles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, William N; Castro-Combs, Juan; Kashiwabuchi, Renata T; Tattiyakul, Woranart; Qureshi-Said, Saima; Hirai, Flavio; Behrens, Ashley

    2013-03-01

    To determine the effects of single radial or horizontal suture placement in 2-step clear corneal incision (CCI) wound apposition and permeability to particles of India ink. Five fresh human globes were included. Two 25-gauge needles connected to a saline solution bag and to a digital manometer were inserted through the limbus, 120 degrees apart from each other. Four 2-step CCIs (2.75 mm wide and 3 mm length) were constructed in each cornea. Incisions were divided into 3 groups: single radial suture (SRS), single horizontal suture (SHS), and unsutured group. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed before and after suture placement. With a preset 10 mm Hg intraocular pressure (IOP), India ink was applied to the incision site and a standardized sudden IOP fluctuation was induced. OCT and superficial images were recorded before and after suture placement. India ink inflow and internal and external CCI gapping were outlined and measured by planimeter. The area and linear distance of India ink inflow after pressure challenge in all study groups were higher when compared with pre-pressure measurements; however, this increase was significant in the SRS and SHS groups (P < 0.05). Additionally, SRS placement significantly increased inner wound gapping (P = 0.018), and SHS significantly widened outer wound gape (P = 0.02). Well-constructed unsutured 2-step CCI seems to be more efficient at preventing bacterial-sized particles inflow during sudden changes in IOP, and it seems to offer better wound apposition as assessed by OCT.

  5. Randomized clinical trial of mesh fixation with glue or sutures for Lichtenstein hernia repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyuela, C; Juvany, M; Carvajal, F; Veres, A; Troyano, D; Trias, M; Martrat, A; Ardid, J; Obiols, J; López-Cano, M

    2017-05-01

    Pain is the most likely reason for delay in resuming normal activities after groin hernia repair. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether the use of glue to fix the mesh instead of sutures reduced acute postoperative pain after inguinal hernia repair. Secondary objectives were to compare postoperative complications, chronic pain and early recurrence rates during 1-year follow-up. Some 370 patients who underwent Lichtenstein hernia repair were randomized to receive either glue (Histoacryl®) or non-absorbable polypropylene sutures for fixation of lightweight polypropylene mesh. Postoperative complications, pain and recurrence were evaluated by an independent blinded observer. Postoperative pain at 8 h, 24 h, 7 days and 30 days was less when glue was used instead of sutures for all measures (P < 0·001). The operation was significantly quicker using glue (mean(s.d.) 35·3(8·7) min versus 39·9(11·1) min for sutures; P < 0·001). There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of postoperative complications, chronic pain and early recurrence at 1-year follow-up. Atraumatic mesh fixation with glue was quicker and resulted in less acute postoperative pain than sutures for Lichtenstein hernia repair. Registration number: NCT02632097 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov). © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. [Assessment of the effectiveness of the suture with triclosan coated in emergency surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darvin, V V; Lobanov, D S; Krasnov, E A; Gvozdetsky, A N

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the suture with a coating of triclosan on the dynamics of postoperative course in emergency surgical patients, comparing the postoperative period in the application of the suture with coating and without it. A prospective cohort with a solid retrospective control group. The efficiency of the application of the suture with a coating of triclosan on the flow dynamics in the early postoperative period 678 emergency surgical patients, comparing the postoperative period when using the coated suture material (292 patients) and without (386 patients). Time of normalization of body temperature and restore the function of the gastrointestinal tract, the duration of hospital treatment, the need for antibiotic prophylaxis and antibiotic therapy, the incidence of postoperative complications (in general and SSI). It was found a statistically significant effect of the application of the suture with triclosan to reduce the incidence of SSI. The economic effect of using SMT is only by reducing the average duration of hospital treatment amounted to 1 723 238 rubles in one year.

  7. Nanofibrillar cellulose-alginate hydrogel coated surgical sutures as cell-carrier systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somersalo, Petter; Pitkänen, Irina; Lou, Yan-Ru; Urtti, Arto; Partanen, Jouni; Seppälä, Jukka; Madetoja, Mari; Laaksonen, Timo; Mäkitie, Antti; Yliperttula, Marjo

    2017-01-01

    Hydrogel nanomaterials, especially those that are of non-human and non-animal origins, have great potential in biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences due to their versatility and inherent soft-tissue like properties. With the ability to simulate native tissue function, hydrogels are potentially well suited for cellular therapy applications. In this study, we have fabricated nanofibrillar cellulose-alginate (NFCA) suture coatings as biomedical devices to help overcome some of the limitations related to cellular therapy, such as low cell survivability and distribution out of target tissue. The addition of sodium alginate 8% (w/v) increased the NFCA hydrogel viscosity, storage and loss moduli by slightly under one order of magnitude, thus contributing significantly to coating strength. Confocal microscopy showed nearly 100% cell viability throughout the 2-week incubation period within and on the surface of the coating. Additionally, typical morphologies in the dual cell culture of spheroid forming HepG2 and monolayer type SK-HEP-1 were observed. Twelve out of 14 NFCA coated surgical sutures remained intact during the suturing operation with various mice and rat tissue; however, partial peeling off was observed in 2 of the coated sutures. We conclude that NFCA suture coatings could perform as cell-carrier systems for cellular based therapy and post-surgical treatment. PMID:28829830

  8. Utilization of a novel unidirectional knotless suture during minimal access procedures in pediatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukish, Jeffrey; Rasmussen, Sara; Garrett, Deidra; Stewart, Dylan; Buck, James; Abdullah, Fizan; Colombani, Paul

    2013-06-01

    The application of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for advanced procedures in children is logical. However, the intracorporeal placement and tying of suture can be challenging, leading to prolonged anesthesia and morbidity. We describe our initial experience with the use of a novel unidirectional barbed knotless suture (V-LOC, Covidien, Mansfield, MA) that permits a safe and efficient advanced MIS reconstruction in infants and children. From August 2010 to February 2012, 11 infants and children underwent diaphragmatic reconstruction utilizing either the absorbable or the permanent V-LOC suture. Data retrieval included gender, weight, diagnosis, operative time, complications and follow up. Thoracoscopic or laparoscopic repairs were carried out in all children. Two of the infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia of Bochdalek (CDH) developed a recurrence at 4 and 6 months of age and required reoperation. There were no other complications or recurrence in the remaining 9 children, and there were no mortalities in the group. This is the first study to evaluate the use of the unidirectional barbed knotless suture in pediatric surgery. We demonstrate that the use of the V-LOC barbed suture is an innovative, safe and time saving option for pediatric MIS. Prospective analysis with long-term follow-up is required to confirm these initial results and to ascertain if this novel approach can be utilized in other pediatric surgical conditions. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Surgical staples compared with subcuticular suture for skin closure after cesarean delivery: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa, Dana; Jauk, Victoria Chapman; Szychowski, Jeff M; Garner, Rachel; Biggio, Joseph R; Andrews, William W; Hauth, John; Tita, Alan T N

    2013-01-01

    To compare the risk of cesarean wound disruption or infection after closure with surgical staples compared with subcuticular suture. Women with viable pregnancies at 24 weeks of gestation or greater undergoing scheduled or unscheduled cesarean delivery were randomized to wound closure with surgical staples or absorbable suture. Staples were removed at postoperative days 3-4 for low transverse incisions and days 7-10 for vertical incisions. Standardized wound evaluations were performed at discharge (days 3-4) and 4-6 weeks postoperatively. The primary outcome was a composite of wound disruption or infection within 4-6 weeks. Secondary outcomes included operative time, highest pain score on analog scale, cosmesis score, and patient scar satisfaction score. Analyses were by intent to treat. Of 398 patients, 198 were randomized to staples and 200 to suture (but four received staples). Baseline characteristics including body mass index, prior cesarean delivery, labor, and type of skin incision were similar by group. The primary outcome incidence at hospital discharge was 7.1% for staples and 0.5% for suture (Psuture (P=.008, relative risk 2.5, 95% CI 1.2-5.0). Operative time was longer with suture closure (median time of 58 versus 48 minutes; Psuture is associated with significantly increased composite wound morbidity after cesarean delivery. : ClinicalTrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01008449. : I.

  10. Uterine compression sutures for management of severe postpartum haemorrhage: five-year audit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chai, Victoria Y K; To, William W K

    2014-04-01

    To audit the use of compression sutures for the management of massive postpartum haemorrhage and compare outcomes to those documented in the literature. Retrospective study. A regional obstetric unit in Hong Kong. Patients with severe postpartum haemorrhage encountered over a 5-year period from January 2008 to December 2012, in which compression sutures were used for management. Successful management with prevention of hysterectomy. In all, 35 patients with massive postpartum haemorrhage with failed medical treatment, for whom compression sutures were used in the management, were identified. The overall success rate for the use of B-Lynch compression sutures alone to prevent hysterectomy was 23/35 (66%), and the success rate of compression sutures in conjunction with other surgical procedures was 26/35 (74%). This reported success rate appeared lower than that reported in the literature. Uterine compression was an effective method for the management of massive postpartum haemorrhage in approximately 70% of cases, and could be used in conjunction with other interventions to increase its success rate in terms of avoiding hysterectomy.

  11. A bilinear elastic constitutive model applied for midpalatal suture behavior during rapid maxillary expansion

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    Larissa Carvalho Trojan Serpe

    Full Text Available Introduction : This study aims to evaluate the influence of the biomechanical behavior of the midpalatal suture (MPS during the rapid maxillary expansion (RME when modeled by the Finite Element Method. Methods Four simulation alternatives are discussed and, for each analysis, the suture is considered as a functional unit with a different mechanical behavior: (i without MPS elements, (ii MPS with Young's modulus (E equal to 1 MPa, (ii MPS with E equal to 0.01 MPa and (iv MPS with bilinear elastic behavior. Results The stress analysis showed that, when MPS is not considered in the model, stress peaks are reduced in magnitude and their distribution is restricted to a smaller area when compared to the model with the inclusion of MPS (E=1 MPa. The increased suture stiffness also has a direct influence on MPS displacements after 30 expander activations. Conclusion The consideration of the MPS in RME computer models influences greatly the calculated displacements between the suture bone ends, even as the stress levels in maxillary structures. Furthermore, as proposed for the described model, the elastic bilinear behavior assigned to MPS allows coherent prediction of stresses and displacements results, being a good representation for this suture overall behavior.

  12. Post operation recurrence of inguinal hernia in children and its relation with suture material

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    Omid Amanollahi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Using non-absorbable suture in children hernia repair to decrease of recurrence is recommended in the most pediatric surgery centers. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between kind of suture material and rate of hernia recurrence. Methods: In this clinical trial 200 children (age 1-5 years with inguinal hernia who operated in Imam-Reza Hospital (kermanshah –Iran Between April 2007 until April 2008 enrolled into the study. Cases were selected by convenience sampling method and then randomly divided into two groups (100 cases per group and operated with absorbable (silk 3-0 and non-absorbable (vicryli 3-0 suture material. Following period was 12 months after operation and collected data analyzed by statistical software. Emergency operations were excluded from the study.Results: 83% of patients were boy and 17% were girl. %53 showed right side inguinal, 29% left side and %18 were bilateral hernia. After one year follow up only one case of recurrence was observed in each group.Conclusion: Our study confirmed that recurrence of inguinal hernia in children after surgery, is not related to kind of suture material (absorbability and we didn’t find any significant difference. Other factors than suture material may influence recurrence rate of hernia operation in children.

  13. Mechanical analysis of twelve toggle suture constructs for stabilization of coxofemoral luxations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jha, Shantibhushan; Kowaleski, Michael P

    2012-11-01

    To compare the mechanical performance of 12 commonly used toggle suture constructs (TSCs). In vitro biomechanical study. Toggle suture constructs (n = 136). TSC evaluated included #5 OrthoFiber, double strand of 5 Ethibond sutures (polyethylene terephthalate suture), 80 lb monofilament nylon, or #5 FiberWire, combined with Piermattei toggle (3/32" Steinmann pin), modified Piermattei toggle (0.045" Kirschner wire), and 1/8" Securos toggle rod for a total of 12 test groups. Acute and cyclic testing were performed using a servohydraulic testing machine and load at failure and cycles to failure were determined. In acute testing, modified Piermattei TSCs failed by toggle deformation and Piermattei and Securos TSCs failed by suture breakage at the eyelet. Mean failure load of Piermattei-#5 OrthoFiber TSC (1416 ± 74 N) was significantly greater than that of Piermattei-#5 Ethibond (883 ± 38 N); both were significantly greater than all other TSCs. Only the Piermattei TSC with #5 OrthoFiber, #5 Ethibond, and 80 lb monofilament nylon did not fail during cyclic testing. A combination of the Piermattei toggle and #5 OrthoFiber or #5 Ethibond achieved a higher load at failure than all other groups, and resisted the greatest number of cycles to failure. Long-term mechanical testing of these TSCs are warranted to further define their durability. © Copyright 2012 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  14. Creep rupture behavior of polypropylene suture material and its applications as a time-release mechanism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kusy, R.P.; Whitley, J.Q.

    1983-05-01

    The controlled failure of polypropylene (PP) sutures is studied via creep rupture tests. From plots of log time (tB) vs. stress (sigma), linear relationships are generated over the failure times of 1-1000 h. Results show that as a function of stress, the time dependence varies with irradiation dose (15, 20, 25, and 50 Mrad), irradiation atmosphere (air and vacuum), suture diameter (7-0, 6-0, 5-0, and 4-0), and test temperature (26 and 37 degrees C). For a given stress, the time to failure is least for the greatest dose in the presence of air and at the highest temperature. When suture loops are wrapped around a small wire sheave, however, failure occurs in the largest suture as much as two decades sooner than the smallest suture studied. Within the limitations stated herein, they are independent of test method, loop diameter, aging, and humidity. Consequently, after irradiation in vacuum and postirradiation heat treatment, the processed material may be stored at room temperature for at least 1 month. Such materials are advocated when the time release of a dental or medical device is required, for example, in the self-activating cleft palate appliance.

  15. Healing study of porcine heart transapical wounds closed using a remote automated suturing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilshire, Candice L; Kaufer, James W; Gorea, Heather R; Sauer, Jude S; Knight, Peter A

    2013-01-01

    A safe and reliable direct percutaneous approach for transapical access to the left ventricle would be a significant advance toward decreasing the invasiveness of intracardiac interventions. This report presents results from a surviving porcine beating heart model in which transapical access sites were closed using an automated suturing technique ultimately intended for percutaneous use. Through an approved protocol including general anesthesia, the cardiac apex in 10 beating pig hearts was surgically exposed, permitting transapical passage of a 0.035-in guidewire and a 5.5F, 0.9-mL Fogarty balloon catheter. An automated suturing device was passed over the guidewire and the Fogarty onto the transapical access site. Two pledgeted horizontal mattress sutures were simultaneously placed concentrically around the apical access site with a single squeeze of the device's lever. A 25F dilator was passed into the left ventricle over the guidewire and subsequently removed. The sutures were then secured using pledgeted titanium knots. Chest wall and skin incisions were closed. The animals were recovered from anesthesia and resumed a normal diet. Under general anesthesia, the transapical access site of each animal was re-exposed, five at 1-week and five at 2-week intervals. Hemostasis was complete, and all wounds healed well. The evaluation of transapical wound closures in this surviving porcine heart model demonstrates complete hemostasis and excellent healing through the use of this automated remote suturing technology.

  16. LED phototherapy on midpalatal suture after rapid maxilla expansion: a Raman spectroscopic study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Cristiane B.; Habib, Fernando Antonio L.; de Araújo, Telma M.; dos Santos, Jean N.; Cangussu, Maria Cristina T.; Barbosa, Artur Felipe S.; de Castro, Isabele Cardoso V.; Soares, Luiz Guilherme P.; Pinheiro, Antonio L. B.

    2015-03-01

    A quick bone formation after maxillary expansion would reduce treatment timeand the biomodulating effects of LED light could contribute for it. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of LED phototherapy on the acceleration of bone formation at the midpalatal suture after maxilla expansion. Thirty rats divided into 6 groups were used on the study at 2 time points - 7 days: Control; Expansion; and Expansion + LED; and 14 days: Expansion; Expansion + LED in the first week; Expansion and LED in the first and second weeks. LED irradiation occurred at every 48 h during 2 weeks. Expansion was accomplished using a spatula and maintained with a triple helicoid of 0.020" stainless steel orthodontic wire. A LED light (λ850 ± 10nm, 150mW ± 10mW, spot of 0.5cm2, t=120 sec, SAEF of 18J/cm2) was applied in one point in the midpalatal suture immediately behind the upper incisors. Near infrared Raman spectroscopic analysis of the suture region was carried and data submitted to statistical analyzes (p≤0.05). Raman spectrum analysis demonstrated that irradiation increased hydroxyapatite in the midpalatal suture after expansion. The results of this indicate that LED irradiation; have a positive biomodulation contributing to the acceleration of bone formation in the midpalatal suture after expansion procedure.

  17. Comparative Study Between Coaptive Film Versus Suture For Wound Closure After Long Bone Fracture Fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IM Anuar Ramdhan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Coaptive film (i.e., Steri-StripsTM is an adhesive tape used to replace sutures in wound closure. The use of coaptive film for wound closure after long bone fracture fixation has not been well documented in the literature. METHODS: The aim of this prospective, randomized controlled trial comparing coaptive film with sutures for wound closure after long bone fracture fixation was skin closure time, incidence of wound complications and scar width at 12 week follow-up. Forty-five patients underwent femur fracture fixation (22 patients’ wound closed with sutures, 23 with coaptive film. RESULTS: The mean time for skin closure using coaptive film was 171.13 seconds compared to 437.27 seconds using suture. The mean wound lengths in the coaptive film group and suture group were 187.65 mm and 196.73 mm, respectively. One patient in each group had wound complications. CONCLUSION: Coaptive film is a time-saving procedure for skin closure following long bone fracture fixation. There is no difference in the incidence of wound complications and scar width between these two methods of skin closure.

  18. Suture repair of umbilical hernia during caesarean section: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinemann, D C; Limani, P; Ochsenbein, N; Krähenmann, F; Clavien, P-A; Zimmermann, R; Hahnloser, D

    2013-08-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the additional burdens in terms of pain, prolongation of surgery and morbidity which is added to elective caesarean section if umbilical hernia suture repair is performed simultaneously. Secondly, patient's satisfaction and hernia recurrence rate were assessed. Consecutive women with symptomatic umbilical hernia undergoing internal or external suture repair during elective caesarean were included in this retrospective cohort-control study. Data on post-operative pain, duration of surgery and morbidity of a combined procedure were collected. These patients were matched 1:10 to women undergoing caesarean section only. Additionally, two subgroups were assessed separately: external and internal suture hernia repair. These subgroups were compared for patient's satisfaction, cosmesis, body image and recurrence rate. Fourteen patients with a mean age of 37 years were analysed. Internal suture repair (n = 7) prolonged caesarean section by 20 min (p = 0.001) and external suture repair (n = 7) by 34 min (p umbilical hernia during elective caesarean section should be offered to women if requested. No additional morbidity or scar is added to caesarean section. Internal repair is faster, and cosmetic results are better, additional skin or fascia dissection is avoided, and it seems to be as effective as an external approach. Yet, women must be informed on the high recurrence rate.

  19. Influence of medical students' past experiences and innate dexterity on suturing performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, David T; Forest, Stephen J; Foitl, Rosangela; Chao, Edward

    2014-08-01

    Medical students often cite their ability to excel at technical tasks as justification for choosing surgery as a career path. We sought to investigate how medical students' dexterity skills and past experiences correlated with suturing performance. Sixty-four 3rd-year medical students were surveyed about previous experiences that involved manual dexterity. Technical skills were then measured using a validated test of manual dexterity and subcuticular closure of a pig's foot incision. Spearman's rank correlation coefficients determined correlation between variables. Previous experiences, self-assessment of dexterity, prior suturing, and current interest in surgery did not significantly correlate with manual dexterity or suturing skill scores. Innate manual dexterity score was the only significant correlating factor to suture skill score (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = .336; P = .007). Innate manual dexterity skills are predictive of initial surgical suturing performance regardless of past student experiences. Interventions aimed at improving early surgical technique should be optimally focused on dexterity training. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Visibility of sutures of the orbit and periorbital region using multidetector computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gufler, Hubert; Preis, Markus; Koesling, Sabrina [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Germany)

    2014-12-15

    Knowledge of cranial suture morphology is crucial in emergency medicine, forensic medicine, and maxillofacial reconstructive surgery. This study assessed the visibility of sutures of the orbit and periorbital region on multidetector computed tomography. Multidetector computed tomography scans of 200 patients (127 males, 73 females; mean age 51.3 years; range, 6-92 years) were evaluated retrospectively. The slice thicknesses varied from 0.5 to 1 mm, and the tube current from 25 to 370 mAs, depending on the CT indication. The visibility of sutures was estimated according to a 4-point scale from 'not visible to well visible' The chi-squared test was used to test the association of the visibility of sutures with the slice thickness, tube current, and age of patients. Statistical significance was assumed at p < 0.05. Overall, best visibility was found for the sutura frontozygomatica (98%), sutura frontonasalis (88.5%), and sutura sphenozygomatica (71.5%), followed by the sutura zygomaticomaxillaris (65.8%), sutura temporozygomatica (41.8%), sutura frontomaxillaris (44.5%), and sutura sphenofrontalis (31%). Poor visibility was found for the sutura frontolacrimalis (16.8%) and sutura frontoethmoidalis (1.3%). The sutura ethmoidomaxillaris, sutura lacrimomaxillaris, and sutura ethmoidolacrimalis were not visible. Although the sutures of the superior, lateral, and inferior orbit are well visible, those of the medial orbit are poorly visible on CT scans.

  1. Viable adhered Staphylococcus aureus highly reduced on novel antimicrobial sutures using chlorhexidine and octenidine to avoid surgical site infection (SSI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Jochen; Harrasser, Norbert; Tübel, Jutta; Mühlhofer, Heinrich; Pförringer, Dominik; von Deimling, Constantin; Foehr, Peter; Kiefel, Barbara; Krämer, Christina; Stemberger, Axel; Schieker, Matthias

    2018-01-01

    Background Surgical sutures can promote migration of bacteria and thus start infections. Antiseptic coating of sutures may inhibit proliferation of adhered bacteria and avoid such complications. Objectives This study investigated the inhibition of viable adhering bacteria on novel antimicrobially coated surgical sutures using chlorhexidine or octenidine, a critical factor for proliferation at the onset of local infections. The medical need, a rapid eradication of bacteria in wounds, can be fulfilled by a high antimicrobial efficacy during the first days after wound closure. Methods As a pretesting on antibacterial efficacy against relevant bacterial pathogens a zone of inhibition assay was conducted with middle ranged concentrated suture coatings (22 μg/cm). For further investigation of adhering bacteria in detail the most clinically relevant Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC®49230™) was used. Absorbable braided sutures were coated with chlorhexidine-laurate, chlorhexidine-palmitate, octenidine-laurate, and octenidine-palmitate. Each coating type resulted in 11, 22, or 33 μg/cm drug content on sutures. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed once to inspect the coating quality and twice to investigate if bacteria have colonized on sutures. Adhesion experiments were assessed by exposing coated sutures to S. aureus suspensions for 3 h at 37°C. Subsequently, sutures were sonicated and the number of viable bacteria released from the suture surface was determined. Furthermore, the number of viable planktonic bacteria was measured in suspensions containing antimicrobial sutures. Commercially available sutures without drugs (Vicryl®, PGA Resorba®, and Gunze PGA), as well as triclosan-containing Vicryl® Plus were used as control groups. Results Zone of inhibition assay documented a multispecies efficacy of novel coated sutures against tested bacterial strains, comparable to most relevant S. aureus over 48 hours. SEM pictures demonstrated uniform layers on

  2. Viable adhered Staphylococcus aureus highly reduced on novel antimicrobial sutures using chlorhexidine and octenidine to avoid surgical site infection (SSI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obermeier, Andreas; Schneider, Jochen; Harrasser, Norbert; Tübel, Jutta; Mühlhofer, Heinrich; Pförringer, Dominik; Deimling, Constantin von; Foehr, Peter; Kiefel, Bar