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Sample records for sustained carotid sinus

  1. A Rare Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy: Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kaya

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Carotid sinus hypersensitivity is a common cause of fainting and falls in the elderly, and can be diagnosed by carotid sinus massage. We present a 67-year-old diabetic man who was admitted with hyperglycemia. During thyroid examination, clouding of consciousness occurred with unilateral palpation. Asystole was documented for 4.8 seconds and suspected for 7 seconds upon carotid sinus massage. A cardioverter defibrillator was implanted. Carotid sinus hypersensitivity should be kept in mind when examining diabetic patients.

  2. Posture-dependent chronotropic effect of carotid sinus massage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, M; Oxhøj, H; Mickley, H

    1987-01-01

    The hypertensive carotid sinus can be divided into cardioinhibitory (chronotropic) and vasodepressor components; the former can be evaluated by carotid sinus massage performed in the supine position. We present the case of a patient in whom the abnormal cardioinhibitory response could only be dem...

  3. Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous sinus fistula: A systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkmazer, Bora; Kocak, Burak; Tureci, Ercan; Islak, Civan; Kocer, Naci; Kizilkilic, Osman

    2013-01-01

    Carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid system and the cavernous sinus. Several classification schemes have described carotid cavernous sinus fistulas according to etiology, hemodynamic features, or the angiographic arterial architecture. Increased pressure within the cavernous sinus appears to be the main factor in pathophysiology. The clinical features are related to size, exact location, and duration of the fistula, adequacy and route of venous drainage and the presence of arterial/venous collaterals. Noninvasive imaging (computed tomography, magnetic resonance, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, Doppler) is often used in the initial work-up of a possible carotid cavernous sinus fistulas. Cerebral angiography is the gold standard for the definitive diagnosis, classification, and planning of treatment for these lesions. The endovascular approach has evolved as the mainstay therapy for definitive treatment in situations including clinical emergencies. Conservative treatment, surgery and radiosurgery constitute other management options for these lesions. PMID:23671750

  4. [Permanent cardiac pacing in vasovagal syncope and carotid sinus syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupliakov, D V; Golovina, G A; Zemlianova, M E; Khokhlunov, S M; Poliakov, V P

    2011-01-01

    Vasovagal syncope and carotid sinus syndrome are common conditions in young and elderly people, respectively, mostly with benign prognosis. Nevertheless, severe or "malignant" syncopal attacks in some patients may be associated with life-threatening injury. Unfortunately, up to now almost all drug trials have failed to demonstrate any benefit in preventing syncope and interventional approach (pacemaker) may be appropriate. This article contains literature review and discussion of indications for pacing in vasovagal syncope and carotid sinus syndrome.

  5. Electrical carotid sinus stimulation in treatment resistant arterial hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Jens; Heusser, Karsten; Brinkmann, Julia; Tank, Jens

    2012-12-24

    Treatment resistant arterial hypertension is commonly defined as blood pressure that remains above goal in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents of different classes. The sympathetic nervous system promotes arterial hypertension and cardiovascular as well as renal damage, thus, providing a logical treatment target in these patients. Recent physiological studies suggest that baroreflex mechanisms contribute to long-term control of sympathetic activity and blood pressure providing an impetus for the development of electrical carotid sinus stimulators. The concept behind electrical stimulation of baroreceptors or baroreflex afferent nerves is that the stimulus is sensed by the brain as blood pressure increase. Then, baroreflex efferent structures are adjusted to counteract the perceived blood pressure increase. Electrical stimulators directly activating afferent baroreflex nerves were developed years earlier but failed for technical reasons. Recently, a novel implantable device was developed that produces an electrical field stimulation of the carotid sinus wall. Carefully conducted experiments in dogs provided important insight in mechanisms mediating the depressor response to electrical carotid sinus stimulation. Moreover, these studies showed that the treatment success may depend on the underlying pathophysiology of the hypertension. Clinical studies suggest that electrical carotid sinus stimulation attenuates sympathetic activation of vasculature, heart, and kidney while augmenting cardiac vagal regulation, thus lowering blood pressure. Yet, not all patients respond to treatment. Additional clinical trials are required. Patients equipped with an electrical carotid sinus stimulator provide a unique opportunity gaining insight in human baroreflex physiology. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  6. Baroreflex Sensitivity And Autonomic Nervous System Function In Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinth, Louise Schouborg; Pors, Kirsten; Theibel, Ann Cathrine

    2015-01-01

    Syncope in the elderly may be caused by an apparent hypersensitivity in the high pressure baroreflex control of heart rate and blood pressure - carotid sinus hypersensitivity. Previous studies have found ambiguous results regarding the baroreceptor sensitivity in patients with carotid sinus hyper...... sensitivity may not follow the same neuronal pathways as those responding to the crude external pressures applied during carotid sinus massage...

  7. Recurrent Syncope Due to Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity and Sick Sinus Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng-Yu Kuo

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Syncope is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness with postural tone. Its recovery is usually spontaneous. There are various causes of syncope including cardiac, vascular, neurologic, metabolic and miscellaneous origins. The tracing is usually time-consuming and costly. The diagnosis of carotid sinus syncope may sometimes be difficult since the symptoms are nonspecific, especially in older persons. Here, we report the case of a 72-year-old woman who sought medical attention at our hospital due to repeated syncope episodes over the previous 5 years. Neurologic examinations showed negative results (including brain computed tomography. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring showed atrial and ventricular premature contractions only. Electrophysiologic study disclosed prolonged corrected sinus node recovery time (1,737 ms with poor atrioventricular conduction. Drop of blood pressure together with sinus bradycardia developed after left side carotid sinus massage. Both carotid sinus hypersensitivity with sick sinus syndrome contributed to this patient's syncope, and after pacemaker placement together with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment, she was free from syncope thereafter.

  8. [An automatic system controlled by microcontroller for carotid sinus perfusion].

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    Yi, X L; Wang, M Y; Fan, Z Z; He, R R

    2001-08-01

    To establish a new method for controlling automatically the carotid perfusion pressure. A cheap practical automatic perfusion unit based on AT89C2051 micro controller was designed. The unit, LDB-M perfusion pump and the carotid sinus of an animal constituted an automatic perfusion system. This system was able to provide ramp and stepwise updown perfusion pattern and has been used in the research of baroreflex. It can insure the precision and reproducibility of perfusion pressure curve, and improve the technical level in corresponding medical field.

  9. Carotid sinus syndrome and cardiovagal regulation in elderly patients with suspected syncope-related falls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinth, Louise Schouborg; Latif, Tabassam; Pors, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Background: Falls and syncope in the elderly may be caused by hypersensitivity in the high-pressure baroreflex control - carotid sinus syndrome (CSS). The pathophysiological process causing CSS remains poorly understood. Methods: We studied the hemodynamic response to carotid sinus massage (CSM...

  10. The role of cardiac pacing therapy in the management of carotid sinus syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radovanović Nikola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Carotid sinus syndrome is characterized by a hypersensitive carotid sinus and syncope. Although we have clear guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of carotid sinus syndrome, the efficacy of pacing therapy with this indication has not been the subject of many studies. Objective. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of pacing therapy in the treatment of patients with carotid sinus syndrome and to determine the factors contributing to symptoms recurrence after pacemaker implantation. Methods. This study was retrospective and included 32 patients in whom a pacemaker was implanted due to carotid sinus syndrome at the Pacemaker Center, Clinical Center of Serbia, between April 2005 and April 2012. Carotid sinus massage and head-up tilt test (HUTT were performed to select patients with cardioinhibitory and mixed type carotid sinus syndrome, who were enrolled to the study. Results. The mean age of patients was 65.6±11.5 years and 20 (62.5% were men. The mean follow-up period was 4.3±1.9 years. HUTT was performed in 3 (9.4% patients. Twenty-seven (84.4% patients presented with cardioinhibitory and 5 (15.6% with mixed type of carotid sinus syndrome. After pacemaker implantation, 22 (68.7% patients had no further symptoms, 8 (25.0% had syncope and 2 (6.3% presyncope. The mixed type of the disease (HR 3.1; 95% CI 1.4-5.1; p=0.021 and implantation of pacemaker in VVI mode (HR 1.8; 95%CI 1.1-3.2; p=0.034 were independent predictors of symptoms recurrence. There were 3 (9.4% perioperative surgical complications. Conclusion. Pacemaker therapy is an effective and safe treatment for patients with carotid sinus syndrome. As predictors of symptoms persistence after pacemaker implantation in our population, we identified the implantation of pacemaker in VVI mode and the mixed type of carotid sinus syndrome.

  11. Carotid Sinus/Nerve Stimulation for Treatment of Resistant Hypertension and Heart Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Dali; Slavin, Konstantin V

    2015-01-01

    Hypertension and cardiovascular disease are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The prevalence of resistant hypertension remains high and is expected to increase. Moreover, there are limitations to therapeutic interventions aimed at treating resistant hypertension and heart failure despite the wide availability of therapeutic agents and dietary and lifestyle modification. Device-based therapy by baroreflex activation via carotid sinus/nerve stimulation is currently undergoing investigation, and promising findings from clinical trials have been published. Baroreflex activation therapy may represent a new approach for treatment of these conditions by reducing sympathetic drive and increasing parasympathetic activity. Here we describe a new technology which is designed to deliver carotid sinus stimulation to electrically activate the carotid baroreceptors and baroreflex, thereby reducing blood pressure and improving cardiac function. The theory, surgical techniques, and clinical trials of carotid sinus stimulation are highlighted. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. Spontaneous Bilateral Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas Secondary to Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mufti, Fawaz; Amuluru, Krishna; El-Ghanem, Mohammad; Changa, Abhinav R; Singh, Inder Paul; Gandhi, Chirag D; Prestigiacomo, Charles J

    2017-04-01

    Bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas are rare entities that can cause debilitating symptoms and can lead to more severe consequences if left untreated. Therefore, the recognition and adequate treatment of these pathologies is very important. We present 2 cases of bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas that arose as a result of cavernous sinus thrombosis. We review the literature and discuss the pathophysiology, symptomatology, management, and treatment of bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas. Within our own cases, treatment of the patients was varied. The patient in case 1 was successfully treated with endovascular therapy after a failed trial of anticoagulation. The patient in case 2 demonstrated resolution of bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas after anticoagulation therapy. Case 2 highlights the fact that certain cases of bilateral carotid cavernous fistulas due to cavernous sinus thrombosis may benefit from extensive anticoagulation therapy. If anticoagulation therapy is unsuccessful, endovascular therapy may prove beneficial in resolving the fistulous shunt. Copyright © 2017 by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

  13. A noisy zygoma fracture--complication of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: total recovery of monocular blindness and frozen-eye after endoarterial coil embolization.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bierenbroodspot, F.; Damme, P.A. van; Cruysberg, J.R.M.

    2005-01-01

    A case of a patient with a zygoma fracture in combination with a carotid-cavernous sinus fistula--an arterio-venous fistula between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus--is presented. The most frequent cause is trauma, but the carotid-cavernous sinus fistula itself may have been the

  14. Magnetic resonance imaging of carotid artery abnormalities in patients with sphenoid sinusitis

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    Wong, A.M. [Department of Radiology, Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, PA 19104, Philadelphia (United States); Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kwei Shan, Tao Yuan (Taiwan); Bilaniuk, L.T.; Zimmerman, R.A.; Simon, E.M.; Pollock, A.N. [Department of Radiology, Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, PA 19104, Philadelphia (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Sphenoid sinusitis is unusual in children, but when it occurs, it can lead to serious intracranial complications. We show the value of MRI in demonstrating intracranial abnormalities due to sphenoid sinus infection, particularly those involving the internal carotid arteries and cavernous sinuses. We reviewed our imaging experience of sphenoid sinusitis and found four patients with ICA narrowing who had undergone MR evaluation including conventional and diffusion imaging. MR angiography was also performed in three patients to determine the extent of ICA narrowing. Narrowing of ICA was found in the cavernous segment in all patients and in the supraclinoid segment in three. Cerebral infarction was found in two patients. In one patient the cavernous sinus showed hyperintensity on diffusion-weighted images and hypointensity on apparent diffusion coefficient map, suggesting reduced diffusion. Although infrequent in children, sphenoid sinus infection should be considered as a possible cause of intracranial infection, particularly in teenagers. Early recognition of cavernous sinus involvement and ICA narrowing may lead to prompt treatment and hence a more favorable outcome. (orig.)

  15. Carotid sinus syndrome and cardiovagal regulation in elderly patients with suspected syncope-related falls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinth, Louise; Latif, Tabassam; Pors, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    Background: Falls and syncope in the elderly may be caused by hypersensitivity in the high-pressure baroreflex control - carotid sinus syndrome (CSS). The pathophysiological process causing CSS remains poorly understood. Methods: We studied the hemodynamic response to carotid sinus massage (CSM......) and compared this to other measurements of autonomic cardiovascular control in patients suspected of syncope-related falls. One hundred patients (≥80 years-old) referred to our syncope unit due to recurrent falls or possible syncope participated. CSM was performed in the supine and head-up tilted (HUT......Hg, respectively. Changes in SBP were greater in the head-up tilted position (right side; p=0.029, left side; p=0.007). Hypersensitive responses were elicited in 45 patients. We found orthostatic hypotension (OH) (r=-0.275, p=0.015), not CSS, to be inversely correlated to low frequency HR variability during HUT...

  16. Endovascular management of dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas in 141 patients

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    Kirsch, M. [Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Klinik fuer Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Essen (Germany); Universitaetsklinikum Greifswald, Institut fuer Diagnostische Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Greifswald (Germany); Henkes, H.; Liebig, T.; Weber, W.; Golik, S.; Kuehne, D. [Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Klinik fuer Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Essen (Germany); Esser, J. [Universitaetsklinikum Essen, Zentrum fuer Augenheilkunde, Essen (Germany)

    2006-07-15

    Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the single-centre experience with transvenous coil treatment of dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. Methods: Between November 1991 and December 2005, a total of 141 patients (112 female) with dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula underwent 161 transvenous treatment sessions. The patient files and angiograms were analysed retrospectively. Clinical signs and symptoms included chemosis (94%), exophthalmos (87%), cranial nerve palsy (54%), increased intraocular pressure (60%), diplopia (51%), and impaired vision (28%). Angiography revealed in addition cortical drainage in 34% of the patients. Partial arterial embolization was carried out in 23% of the patients. Transvenous treatment comprised in by far the majority of patients complete filling of the cavernous sinus and the adjacent segment of the superior and inferior ophthalmic vein with detachable coils. Complete interruption of the arteriovenous shunt was achieved in 81% of the patients. A minor residual shunt (without cortical or ocular drainage) remained in 13%, a significant residual shunt (with cortical or ocular drainage) remained in 4%, and the attempted treatment failed in 2%. There was a tendency for ocular pressure-related symptoms to resolve rapidly, while cranial nerve palsy and diplopia improved slowly (65%) or did not change (11%). The 39 patients with visual impairment recovered within the first 2 weeks after endovascular treatment. After complete interruption of the arteriovenous shunt, no recurrence was observed. The transvenous coil occlusion of the superior and inferior ophthalmic veins and the cavernous sinus of the symptomatic eye is a highly efficient and safe treatment in dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. In the majority of patients a significant and permanent improvement in clinical signs and symptoms can be achieved. (orig.)

  17. The effect of (+)-lysergic acid diethylamide and other drugs on the carotid sinus reflex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginzel, K. H.

    1958-01-01

    In cats, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) selectively blocked the reflex blood pressure rise following carotid chemoreceptor stimulation. It also reduced or abolished the chemoreceptor component of the pressor response to occlusion of the common carotid arteries. It did not inhibit the respiratory reflexes arising from the carotid chemoreceptors, unless spontaneous respiration was interfered with as a whole. The site of action was central, probably below the intercollicular level, regardless of whether the drug was administered by the intravenous route or into the lateral ventricle of the brain. LSD did not block the baroreceptor depressor reflex elicited by stimulation of one carotid sinus nerve. LSD frequently caused the systemic pressure to fall, even after vagotomy and atropine, and this effect might account for the occasional reduction of the baroreceptor component of the carotid occlusion response. On the other hand, no relationship was found between the action of LSD on vasomotor tone and its blocking effect on the chemoreceptor pressor reflex. Some derivatives of LSD produced effects similar to those described for LSD, whether or not they possessed a psychotropic action in man, and independently of their efficiency as antagonists to 5-hydroxytryptamine. Of a series of compounds chemically unrelated to LSD, chlorpromazine was found to block the chemoreceptor pressor rise after intracerebroventricular injection. PMID:13584725

  18. The effect of carotid sinus massage is independent of posture in patients with heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Hansen, K N; Oxhøj, H

    1989-01-01

    unilateral right- and left-sided CSM performed in the supine and in the sitting position, while heart rate and systolic blood pressure were monitored. No statistically significant differences in the CSM-induced response in systolic blood pressure or heart rate were found between the two postures......The influence of posture on the effect of carotid sinus massage (CSM) in patients with heart disease has not been systematically evaluated. In the present study CSM was performed in 80 patients (mean age 55 +/- 10 (SD) years) suffering from various cardiovascular diseases. Each subject had....... These results imply that posture does not influence the effect of CSM in patients suffering from heart disease....

  19. Assessing the impact of sinus-saving modifications of carotid endarterectomy on autonomic regulation and central hemodynamics

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    А. А. Фокин

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundSuch complications as myocardial infarction, hyperperfusion syndrome and its effects, postoperative hematomes constitute a life-threatening event during early follow-up of carotid surgery. One of the main risk factors for these complications is a variation of central hemodynamics, especially that leading to arterial hypertension.ObjectiveThe study aimed to evaluate the safety of carotid sinus surgery as a way of preventing arterial hypertension after carotid artery reconstructions. The other objective was to compare the resultant data with the heart rate variations obtained during rhythmocardiography.MethodsThe study focused on central hemodynamics indicators and included 290 cases. All patients were broken down in two groups. 167 patients of the first group underwent dissection of carotid sinus nerves. The carotid sinus nerves of patients from the second group (123 patients were kept intact. Analysis of autonomic regulation of 13 patients from the first group and 17 patients from the other one was then carried out, with the heart rate variations accurately estimated at the neurocardiological laboratory.ResultsOn the first postoperative day all hemodynamic indicators (such as SBP, DBP, pulse pressure, heart rate in the second group were lower than those in the first group of patients (p<0.05, while tending to recover by the third day. This fact kept postoperative complications to a minimum. The patients from the second group also demonstrated a lower activity of the sympathetic nervous system and a higher activity of the parasympathetic one. These results explain the difference between the central hemodynamic indicators in two groups.ConclusionCarotid sinus-saving surgery decreases the risk of early postoperative complications caused by arterial hypertension. 

  20. Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses ... and cause pain. There are several types of sinusitis, including Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks ...

  1. Update on the role of pacemaker therapy in vasovagal syncope and carotid sinus syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, Steve W; Matthews, Iain G

    2013-01-01

    Vasovagal syncope (VVS) and carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) are related, neurally mediated disorders with different clinical features and treatment implications. Pacemaker intervention studies in both syndromes are hampered by a dearth of randomized, controlled (particularly with placebo) studies, unfortunate premature termination of studies, and variation in both the clinical presentation and cardiovascular profile of patients enrolled. Given this relatively limited evidence base, pacing therapy in VVS should be reserved for older sufferers with relatively frequent symptoms and spontaneous asystole documented during real-life monitoring. The long term course of patients paced for vasovagal syncope needs clarification, both in terms of symptom and device-related burden, while a comprehensive health economic evaluation of the costs and benefits of such an invasive approach for this usually benign condition is essential. It will also be important to determine the efficacy of closed loop stimulation pacing in an adequately powered study, including a comparison with standard pacing. Pacing should be considered in those with unexplained syncope with reproduction of symptoms during a cardio-inhibitory or mixed response to carotid sinus massage (asystole >3 s), though the evidence base for this recommendation is firmly in the consensus rather than pragmatic randomized controlled trial camp. Patients presenting with unexplained falls and drop attacks, particularly where injuries are prominent and where patients cannot give a clear account of their fall ("I just ended up on the floor, didn't slip or trip"), should also be considered for pacing. Pacing is not recommended for the vasodepressor sub-type of CSS. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  2. Aerobic training in older adults with type 2 diabetes and vasodepressive carotid sinus hypersensitivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Kenneth M; Lockhart, Chris; Cuff, Darcye; Potter, Tiffany F; Meneilly, Graydon S

    2013-12-01

    Vasodepressive carotid sinus hypersensitivity (V-CSH) is a common but incurable etiology for fainting in older adults with diabetes (OADM), and is diagnosed by carotid sinus massage (CSM). Aerobic exercise has been shown to be an effective therapy for other neuroautonomic etiologies of syncope (such as orthostatic hypotension), but the effectiveness of aerobic training in V-CSH remains unknown. We examined whether aerobic training could attenuate the vasodepressive response to CSM in OADM (older adults with type 2 diabetes) subjects complicated by V-CSH. Forty OADM subjects (mean age 72.2 ± 0.7) complicated by V-CSH were recruited. Subjects were randomized to each of two groups: an aerobic group (AT, n = 20, 3 months vigorous aerobic exercise), and a nonaerobic (NA, n = 20, no aerobic exercise) group. Exercise sessions were supervised by a certified exercise trainer three times per week. The vasodepressive response [defined as the decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) during CSM] was measured before and after the training intervention using a Finometer. The intervention had no impact on the number of subjects that met the criteria for V-CSM in either the AT or NA groups, regardless of the criteria used (-10, -20, -30, -40 and -50 mmHg). There was no training effect on the vasodepressive response in either the AT or NA group (P = 0.214, 2-way analysis of variance, -30 mmHg definition for V-CSH). Aerobic training has no effect on the SBP response to CSM in OADM subjects with V-CSH. Unlike in other neuroautonomic etiologies for fainting, aerobic exercise is not effective as a treatment for V-CSH, at least in the OADM population.

  3. Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez, Luz Eugenia; Fundación Valle de Lili

    2000-01-01

    ¿Qué son los senos para nasales?/ ¿Qué es la sinusitis?/Tipos de sinusitis/Causas de sinusitis/Factores que predisponen/La sinusitis y su relación con otras enfermedades del tracto respiratorio/Signos y síntomas/Complicaciones de la sinusitis.

  4. [Etiopathogenetic differences and therapeutic possibillities of the carotid sinus syndrome. Report of two rare cases (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dei Cas, L; Bianchi, G; Paini, G P; Effendy, F N; Brizzi, R; Visioli, O

    1978-06-01

    Two cases of carotid sinus syndrome with peculiar clinical and nosological characteristics are presented. The clinical symptoms were characterized by syncope with bradicardia and hypotension, which occurred contemporarily or independently of each other. The most valuable medical therapy to prevent or got over the syncopal attacks has proved to be one associating the sympathicomimetic drugs (high dosage dopamine, particularly on demande pacemaker. Complete decrease of symptoms following was obtained only after surgical treatment: denervation of carotid sinus in one case, intracranical section of the glosspharyngeal nerve and of the two vagal termination nearer to IX in the other case. This last result makes it possible to consider the case in question from an original nosological point of view exploiting the pathogenetic importance of stimulating the afferent nerve-fibres of the glossofaryngeal-nerve.

  5. Sinusitis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Morcom, Samuel; Phillips, Nicholas; Pastuszek, Andrew; Timperley, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Background: Acute and chronic sinusitis are common primary care presentations. They are caused by mucosal inflammation, which inhibits mucociliary function of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Objective...

  6. Clinical experience of a new rate drop response algorithm in the treatment of vasovagal and carotid sinus syncope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, J B; Bexton, R S; Simonsen, E H; Markowitz, T; Erickson, M K

    2000-07-01

    Dual chamber pacing has proven beneficial in patients with sudden drops in heart rate as seen in vasovagal syncope and carotid sinus syndrome. Newer algorithms for faster detection of an insidious drop in heart rate and short lasting intervention pacing at a high rate, as in the rate drop response algorithm in the Medtronic Kappa series of pacemakers, might improve the effect of pacing. Two case reports, that demonstrate the use of these rate drop response algorithms, are presented. A 24-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of syncope and repeated tilt-table tests with vasovagal cardioinhibitory outcomes had a Medtronic Kappa 400 pacemaker implanted. Syncope was abolished during repeat tilt-table testing following pacemaker implantation and proper functioning of the rate drop response algorithm. The patient has been free of syncope during follow-up apart from a single episode that occurred due to neglect of vasovagal warning symptoms. A 52-year-old man with coronary artery disease developed recurrent blackouts. Carotid sinus massage resulted in 5.5 s of asystole and presyncope. A Medtronic Kappa 700 pacemaker with a rate drop response algorithm was implanted and the patient became asymptomatic. The rate drop response algorithm is discussed in detail based upon the case reports, and recommendations are given for the use of this algorithm in patients with vasovagal syncope and carotid sinus syndrome.

  7. Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 4 weeks or less. It is caused by bacteria growing in the sinuses. Chronic sinusitis is when the swelling of the sinuses is present for longer than 3 months. It may be caused by bacteria or a fungus. The following may increase the ...

  8. Acute Response to Unilateral Unipolar Electrical Carotid Sinus Stimulation in Patients With Resistant Arterial Hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heusser, Karsten; Tank, Jens; Brinkmann, Julia; Menne, Jan; Kaufeld, Jessica; Linnenweber-Held, Silvia; Beige, Joachim; Wilhelmi, Mathias; Diedrich, André; Haller, Hermann; Jordan, Jens

    2016-03-01

    Bilateral bipolar electric carotid sinus stimulation acutely reduced muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant arterial hypertension but is no longer available. The second-generation device uses a smaller unilateral unipolar disk electrode to reduce invasiveness while saving battery life. We hypothesized that the second-generation device acutely lowers BP and MSNA in treatment-resistant hypertensive patients. Eighteen treatment-resistant hypertensive patients (9 women/9 men; 53±11 years; 33±5 kg/m(2)) on stable medications have been included in the study. We monitored finger and brachial BP, heart rate, and MSNA. Without stimulation, BP was 165±31/91±18 mm Hg, heart rate was 75±17 bpm, and MSNA was 48±14 bursts per minute. Acute stimulation with intensities producing side effects that were tolerable in the short term elicited interindividually variable changes in systolic BP (-16.9±15.0 mm Hg; range, 0.0 to -40.8 mm Hg; P=0.002), heart rate (-3.6±3.6 bpm; P=0.004), and MSNA (-2.0±5.8 bursts per minute; P=0.375). Stimulation intensities had to be lowered in 12 patients to avoid side effects at the expense of efficacy (systolic BP, -6.3±7.0 mm Hg; range, 2.8 to -14.5 mm Hg; P=0.028 and heart rate, -1.5±2.3 bpm; P=0.078; comparison against responses with side effects). Reductions in diastolic BP and MSNA (total activity) were correlated (r(2)=0.329; P=0.025). In our patient cohort, unilateral unipolar electric baroreflex stimulation acutely lowered BP. However, side effects may limit efficacy. The approach should be tested in a controlled comparative study. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  9. Application of 3-Dimensional Computerized Tomography Angiography for Defining Cavernous Sinus Aneurysms and Intradural Aneurysms Involving the Internal Carotid Artery Around the Anterior Clinoid Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Quan; Huang, Chun-Bo; Wang, Jun-Yu; Jiang, Bing; Zhang, Long-Bo; Zeng, Ming; Chen, Yuan-Bing; Zhang, Hong-Fu; Chen, Feng-Hua

    2017-10-01

    This study aimed to investigate the application of 3-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) for defining cavernous sinus aneurysms and intradural aneurysms involving the internal carotid artery around the anterior clinoid process. Results from 42 patients with an aneurysm of the internal carotid artery around the anterior clinoid process who underwent 3D-CTA were reviewed and compared with those of observed clinical operations. Among the 42 patients, there was a total of 45 aneurysms of the internal carotid artery around the anterior clinoid process. After surgery, 33 of the 45 aneurysms were confirmed as intradural aneurysms, and the other 12 were confirmed as aneurysms in the cavernous sinus. 3D-CTA imaging of the medial sagittal plane showed that 31 out of 31 (100%) intradural aneurysms of the internal carotid artery were above the virtual line between the inferior border of the anterior clinoid process and the tuberculum sellae, and 12 out of 14 (86%) cavernous sinus aneurysms were below the virtual line (P cavernous sinus aneurysms from intradural aneurysms involving the internal carotid artery around the anterior clinoid process. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Intractable Posterior Epistaxis due to a Spontaneous Low-Flow Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Giotakis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 90-year-old patient with intractable posterior epistaxis presenting as the only symptom of a nontraumatic low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula. Purpose of this case report is to introduce low-flow carotid-cavernous sinus fistula in the differential diagnosis of intractable posterior epistaxis. We provide a literature review for the sequence of actions for the confrontation of posterior epistaxis. We also emphasize the significance of the radiological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the management of posterior epistaxis due to pathology of the cavernous sinus. The gold-standard diagnostic procedure of carotid-cavernous sinus fistula is digital subtraction angiography (DSA. DSA with coils is also the state-of-the-art therapy. By failure of DSA, neurosurgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS may be used as alternatives. SRS may also be used as enhancement procedure of the DSA. Considering the prognosis of a successfully closed carotid-cavernous sinus fistula, recanalization occurs only in a minority of patients. Close follow-up is advised.

  11. Dural carotid cavernous sinus fistula presenting as isolated oculomotor nerve palsy: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şehnaz Arıcı

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Indirect (dural carotid cavernous fistula is formed by the connection between meningeal branches of the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinüs, and low flow circulation with low pressure is occured. Proptosis, ophtalmoplegia, headache, scleral and conjuctival hyperemia expanding around the eyeball can be observed. A forty-eight year old female patient with a background of diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted with complaints of double vision. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy was found in neurological examination and an indirect carotid cavernous fistula was revealed by digital subtraction angiography. Our case with carotid cavernous fistula as a rare cause of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy is worth to be reported.

  12. The role of the carotid sinus in the reduction of arterial wall stresses due to head movements--potential implications for cervical artery dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callaghan, F M; Soellinger, M; Baumgartner, R W; Poulikakos, D; Boesiger, P; Kurtcuoglu, V

    2009-04-16

    Spontaneous dissection of the cervical internal carotid artery (sICAD) is a major cause of stroke in young adults. A tear in the inner part of the vessel wall triggers sICAD as it allows the blood to enter the wall and develop a transmural hematoma. The etiology of the tear is unknown but many patients with sICAD report an initiating trivial trauma. We thus hypothesised that the site of the tear might correspond with the location of maximal stress in the carotid wall. Carotid artery geometries segmented from magnetic resonance images of a healthy subject at different static head positions were used to define a path of motion and deformation of the right cervical internal carotid artery (ICA). Maximum head rotation to the left and rotation to the left combined with hyperextension of the neck were investigated using a structural finite element model. A role of the carotid sinus as a geometrically compliant feature accommodating extension of the artery is shown. At the extreme range of the movements, the geometrical compliance of the carotid sinus is limited and significant stress concentrations appear just distal to the sinus with peak stresses at the internal wall on the posterior side of the vessel following maximum head rotation and on the anteromedial portion of the vessel wall following rotation and hyperextension. Clinically, the location of sICAD initiation is 10-30 mm distal to the origin of the cervical ICA, which corresponds with the peak stress locations observed in the model, thus supporting trivial trauma from natural head movements as a possible initiating factor in sICAD.

  13. Direct orbital puncture of the cavernous sinus for the treatment of a carotid-cavernous dural AV fistula with a concomitant venous/lymphatic malformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coumou, Adriaan D; van den Berg, René; Bot, Joost C; Beetsma, Daan B; Saeed, Peerooz

    2014-02-01

    A 37- year old male with a long history of a left orbital venous/lympathic malformation presented with ocular injection, increased proptosis and reduced left vision. Angiography demonstrated a carotid cavernous dural AV fistula combined with a concomitant venous/lymphatic malformation. After attempts at transvenous embolization, a direct uncomplicated transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus via a lateral orbitotomy was performed with complete resolution of ocular symptoms.

  14. Maxillary Sinus Impaction of a Core Carrier Causing Sustained Apical Periodontitis, Sinusitis, and Nasal Stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørndal, Lars; Amaloo, Catharina; Markvart, Merete

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim was to present a case report of a full-length extrusion of an obturator's core carrier into the maxillary sinus, causing clinical symptoms from the nose region with differential diagnostics aspects, which, in turn, led to several surgical treatments of the nostrils before...... diagnosis and correct endodontic retreatment of a maxillary right first molar. A 36-year-old man presented in 2012 with complaints from the right nostril region. Medical treatment with antibiotics and surgical procedures because of nasal stenosis resulted only in partial improvement. Five years earlier......, a root canal treatment was performed on the maxillary right first molar. Intraoral radiographs revealed 10-mm overfilling of root filling material into the maxillary sinus from the palatal root of tooth #3. METHODS: Before surgical removal of the excess root filling material, orthograde revision...

  15. Endoscope-assisted transsphenoidal puncture of the cavernous sinus for embolization of carotid-cavernous fistula in a neurosurgical hybrid operating suite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Chien-Lun; Liao, Chih-Hsiang; Chen, Wen-Hsien; Shen, Shih-Chieh; Lee, Chung-Hsin; Lee, Hsu-Tung; Tsuei, Yuang-Seng

    2017-08-01

    Endovascular embolization is the treatment of choice for carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs), but failure to catheterize the cavernous sinus may occur as a result of vessel tortuosity, hypoplasia, or stenosis. In addition to conventional transvenous or transarterial routes, alternative approaches should be considered. The authors present a case in which a straightforward route to the CCF was accessed via transsphenoidal puncture of the cavernous sinus in a neurosurgical hybrid operating suite. This 82-year-old man presented with severe chemosis and proptosis of the right eye. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a Type B CCF with a feeding artery arising from the meningohypophyseal trunk of the right cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery. The CCF drained through a thrombosed right superior ophthalmic vein that ended deep in the orbit; there were no patent sinuses or venous plexuses connecting to the CCF. An endoscope-assisted transsphenoidal puncture created direct access to the nidus for embolization. Embolic agents were deployed through the puncture needle to achieve complete obliteration. Endoscope-assisted transsphenoidal puncture of the cavernous sinus is a feasible alternative to treat difficult-to-access CCFs in a neurosurgical hybrid operating suite.

  16. Aortic depressor nerve stimulation does not impede the dynamic characteristics of the carotid sinus baroreflex in normotensive or spontaneously hypertensive rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawada, Toru; Turner, Michael J; Shimizu, Shuji; Fukumitsu, Masafumi; Kamiya, Atsunori; Sugimachi, Masaru

    2017-05-01

    Recent clinical trials in patients with drug-resistant hypertension indicate that electrical activation of the carotid sinus baroreflex can reduce arterial pressure (AP) for more than a year. To examine whether the electrical stimulation from one baroreflex system impedes normal short-term AP regulation via another unstimulated baroreflex system, we electrically stimulated the left aortic depressor nerve (ADN) while estimating the dynamic characteristics of the carotid sinus baroreflex in anesthetized normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY; n = 8) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; n = 7). Isolated carotid sinus regions were perturbed for 20 min using a Gaussian white noise signal with a mean of 120 mmHg for WKY and 160 mmHg for SHR. Tonic ADN stimulation (2 Hz, 10 V, and 0.1-ms pulse width) decreased mean sympathetic nerve activity (73.4 ± 14.0 vs. 51.6 ± 11.3 arbitrary units in WKY, P = 0.012; and 248.7 ± 33.9 vs. 181.1 ± 16.6 arbitrary units in SHR, P = 0.018) and mean AP (90.8 ± 6.6 vs. 81.2 ± 5.4 mmHg in WKY, P = 0.004; and 128.6 ± 9.8 vs. 114.7 ± 10.3 mmHg in SHR, P = 0.009). The slope of dynamic gain in the neural arc transfer function from carotid sinus pressure to sympathetic nerve activity was not different between trials with and without the ADN stimulation (12.55 ± 0.93 vs. 13.03 ± 1.28 dB/decade in WKY, P = 0.542; and 17.37 ± 1.01 vs. 17.47 ± 1.64 dB/decade in SHR, P = 0.946). These results indicate that the tonic ADN stimulation does not significantly modify the dynamic characteristics of the carotid sinus baroreflex. Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.

  17. Microcirculatory responses to carotid sinus nerve stimulation at various ambient O2 tension in the rabbit tenuissimus muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, M; Kamiya, A

    1985-11-01

    To quantify the integrated effects of local and central control mechanisms through tissue metabolites and the autonomic nervous system on the peripheral vascular beds, microcirculatory responses to the carotid sinus nerve stimulation at various levels of ambient oxygen tension (PO2) were measured in the rabbit tenuissimus muscle suffused with oxygenated Tyrode solution, using a microscope-TV system. The statistical analysis of the experimental data exhibited that both capillary red cell velocity and perfused capillary density at the control state were significantly decreased as PO2 was elevated (P less than 0.01) and that the stimulation also significantly augmented their values (P less than 0.01) except for the peak velocity data. Regression analysis indicated that both the velocity and density responses to PO2 changes during stimulation were less sensitive than those at the control state. For instance, the vasodilating effect of stimulation on density at PO2 20 mm Hg was enhanced by about four-fold at 80 mm Hg, although the effect on velocity was increased only by 16% with the same PO2 change. From these results, it was concluded that the microcirculatory changes due to the arteriolar smooth muscle contraction evoked by unit sympathetic discharge was significantly influenced by the ambient PO2 level. Such synergistic interaction of the local and central control mechanisms like a series-coupled gain control system was suspected to play an important role in the overall regulation of the microcirculation.

  18. Carotid artery remodelling in relation to body fat distribution, inflammation and sustained weight loss in obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kardassis, D; Schönander, M; Sjöström, L; Karason, K

    2014-05-01

    Obesity is known to be associated with carotid artery remodelling, but less is known about how body fat distribution, inflammation and weight loss may affect this relation. Ultrasonography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography were performed to evaluate carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), body composition and fat distribution, respectively. Participants were divided into three matched study groups (n = 44 per group): obese patients with sustained weight loss 10 years after bariatric surgery [surgery group, body mass index (BMI) 31.5 kg m(-2)]; obese patients who maintained stable weight during the same time period (obese group, BMI 42.5 kg m(-2)); and normal weight subjects (lean group, BMI 24.4 kg m(-2)). Patients in the surgery group, compared with those in the obese group, had slightly lower common carotid artery (CCA) IMT (0.75 ± 0.18 vs. 0.78 ± 0.17 mm) and common carotid bulb (CCB) IMT (0.92 ± 0.32 vs. 0.97 ± 0.32 mm); however, these differences were not statistically significant. Lean individuals, compared with those in the surgery group, had significantly lower CCA and CCB IMT values (P Obese patients with long-term sustained weight loss did not have thinner carotid artery walls compared with their weight-stable obese counterparts. © 2013 The Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine.

  19. Signal transduction of aortic and carotid sinus baroreceptors is not modified by central command during spontaneous motor activity in decerebrate cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsukawa, Kanji; Ishii, Kei; Kadowaki, Akito; Ishida, Tomoko; Idesako, Mitsuhiro; Liang, Nan

    2014-05-15

    Our laboratory has suggested that central command provides selective inhibition of the cardiomotor component of aortic baroreflex at the start of exercise, preserving carotid sinus baroreflex. It is postulated that central command may modify the signal transduction of aortic baroreceptors, so as to decrease aortic baroreceptor input to the cardiovascular centers, and, thereby, can cause the selective inhibition of aortic baroreflex. To test the hypothesis, we directly analyzed the responses in multifiber aortic nerve activity (AoNA) and carotid sinus nerve activity (CsNA) during spontaneous motor activity in decerebrate, paralyzed cats. The increases of 62-104% in mean AoNA and CsNA were found during spontaneous motor activity, in proportion to a rise of 35 ± 3 mmHg (means ± SE) in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and had an attenuating tendency by restraining heart rate (HR) at the lower intrinsic frequency of 154 ± 6 beats/min. Brief occlusion of the abdominal aorta was conducted before and during spontaneous motor activity to produce a mechanically evoked increase in MAP and, thereby, to examine the stimulus-response relationship of arterial baroreceptors. Although the sensitivity of the MAP-HR baroreflex curve was markedly blunted during spontaneous motor activity, the stimulus-response relationships of AoNA and CsNA were not influenced by spontaneous motor activity, irrespective of the absence or presence of the HR restraint. Thus, it is concluded that aortic and carotid sinus baroreceptors can code beat-by-beat blood pressure during spontaneous motor activity in decerebrate cats and that central command is unlikely to modulate the signal transduction of arterial baroreceptors. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

  20. Self-controllable prodromal symptoms of syncope attributed to carotid sinus syndrome during the end stage of cancer: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Hasuo, Hideaki; Kanbara, Kenji; Sakuma, Hiroko; Matsumori, Rie; Fukunaga, Mikihiko

    2016-01-01

    Background Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) can cause prodromal symptoms of syncope such as dizziness and nausea. Patients with end-stage cancer lose self-efficacy associated with reduced activities of daily life (ADL). Herein, we report a case of end-stage cancer in which self-efficacy was enhanced as the patient gained self-control of prodromal symptoms of syncope. Case presentation A 70-year-old patient with end-stage esophageal cancer and enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes developed CSS. Th...

  1. Bioelectronic modulation of carotid sinus nerve activity in the rat: a potential therapeutic approach for type 2 diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacramento, Joana F; Chew, Daniel J; Melo, Bernardete F; Donegá, Matteo; Dopson, Wesley; Guarino, Maria P; Robinson, Alison; Prieto-Lloret, Jesus; Patel, Sonal; Holinski, Bradley J; Ramnarain, Nishan; Pikov, Victor; Famm, Kristoffer; Conde, Silvia V

    2018-03-01

    A new class of treatments termed bioelectronic medicines are now emerging that aim to target individual nerve fibres or specific brain circuits in pathological conditions to repair lost function and reinstate a healthy balance. Carotid sinus nerve (CSN) denervation has been shown to improve glucose homeostasis in insulin-resistant and glucose-intolerant rats; however, these positive effects from surgery appear to diminish over time and are heavily caveated by the severe adverse effects associated with permanent loss of chemosensory function. Herein we characterise the ability of a novel bioelectronic application, classified as kilohertz frequency alternating current (KHFAC) modulation, to suppress neural signals within the CSN of rodents. Rats were fed either a chow or high-fat/high-sucrose (HFHSu) diet (60% lipid-rich diet plus 35% sucrose drinking water) over 14 weeks. Neural interfaces were bilaterally implanted in the CSNs and attached to an external pulse generator. The rats were then randomised to KHFAC or sham modulation groups. KHFAC modulation variables were defined acutely by respiratory and cardiac responses to hypoxia (10% O2 + 90% N2). Insulin sensitivity was evaluated periodically through an ITT and glucose tolerance by an OGTT. KHFAC modulation of the CSN, applied over 9 weeks, restored insulin sensitivity (constant of the insulin tolerance test [KITT] HFHSu sham, 2.56 ± 0.41% glucose/min; KITT HFHSu KHFAC, 5.01 ± 0.52% glucose/min) and glucose tolerance (AUC HFHSu sham, 1278 ± 20.36 mmol/l × min; AUC HFHSu KHFAC, 1054.15 ± 62.64 mmol/l × min) in rat models of type 2 diabetes. Upon cessation of KHFAC, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance returned to normal values within 5 weeks. KHFAC modulation of the CSN improves metabolic control in rat models of type 2 diabetes. These positive outcomes have significant translational potential as a novel therapeutic modality for the purpose of treating metabolic

  2. Carotid baroreceptor stimulation blood pressure response mapped in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (C-Map study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kansal, Nikhil; Clair, Daniel G; Jaye, Deborah A; Scheiner, Avram

    2016-12-01

    Continuous stimulation of the carotid baroreceptors has been shown to evoke a sustained systolic blood pressure (SBP) reduction in hypertensive subjects. This study conducted a detailed mapping of the SBP and heart rate response to electrical stimulus at different locations in the carotid sinus region in patients undergoing a carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The Carotid Sinus Autonomic Response Mapping (C-Map) Study is a multicenter, prospective, non-randomized, acute feasibility study conducted in 10 hypertensive subjects undergoing CEA. Electrode pairs were placed in multiple locations in the region of the carotid sinus for acute stimulation, and the tests were repeated after plaque removal and vessel repair. The configuration that elicited the largest pressure reduction in 8 of 10 patients was with the electrodes arranged longitudinally along the medial (in relation to the bifurcation) wall of the internal carotid artery (ICA) near the bifurcation (11.2±8.1mmHg, pEndarterectomy surgery did not affect maximal acute stimulation response but improved baroreflex sensitivity acutely. Acute extravascular baroreceptor stimulation (BRS) mapping demonstrated that blood pressure reductions are dependent on electrode location and orientation. In most subjects, the largest SBP reductions were elicited in the region of the medial wall of the ICA. This area can be targeted for future BRS lead design and implant. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Sinuses / Sinusitis / Rhinosinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatments ▸ Conditions Dictionary ▸ Sinuses|Sinusitis|Rhinosinusitis Share | Sinuses | Sinusitis | Rhinosinusitis « Back to A to Z Listing The ... into the nose. Rhinosinusitis, commonly referred to as sinusitis, occurs when the sinus openings become blocked or ...

  4. Countercurrent transfer of 125I-LHRH in the perihypophyseal cavernous sinus-carotid rete vascular complex, demonstrated on isolated pig heads perfused with autologous blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzegorzewski, W J; Skipor, J; Wasowska, B; Krzymowski, T

    1997-05-01

    The objective of the study was to determine whether the local permeability of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) from the venous blood of the perihypophyseal cavernous sinus into the arterial blood of the carotid rete, supplying the brain and hypophysis in gilts, depends on the day of the estrous cycle, as well as to determine whether this transfer exists when LH concentration in the blood is reduced (the experimental short-loop negative feedback for LH secretion after estradiol injection in ovariectomized gilts). Experiments were conducted on isolated gilt heads with necks, on chosen days of the estrous cycle (n = 40), and on previously ovariectomized gilts treated with estradiol benzoate (EB) (n = 5) or corn oil (n = 3). After exsanguination, the gilt heads with necks were disarticulated and about 30-45 min later were supplied with autologous, oxygenated, and heated blood at a stable blood flow and pressure through the left carotid artery for 30 min. 125I-LHRH was infused into both cavernous sinuses through the cannulated angularis oculi veins for 5 min. After 125I-LHRH infusion, radiolabeled LHRH was found (P gilts), on Days 12-14 (seven gilts) of the estrous cycle, and in five ovariectomized gilts during negative feedback for LH surge (40 hr after EB). No significant radioactivity of 125I-LHRH was found in the arterial blood on Days 3-5 (n = 6), 9-11 (n = 4), and 15-21 (n = 17) of the estrous cycle. A very low level of radioactivity was found in the ovariectomized control group after the injection of corn oil (n = 3). These results provide evidence for the permeability of LHRH from the venous to the arterial blood and its retrograde transport with the arterial blood to the hypophysis and brain, after the ovulation period (Days 1-2) and on Days 12-14 of the estrous cycle. This suggests that a close relationship exists between the day of the estrous cycle and LHRH permeability from the venous to the arterial blood in the perihypophyseal cavernous sinus

  5. Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula presenting as massive epistaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyrick, Deidre; Smith, Samuel D; Dassinger, Melvin S

    2013-04-01

    Carotid-cavernous sinus fistulae (CCF) are a rare complication with the potential for great morbidity including intracranial hemorrhage, blindness, cranial nerve palsy and stroke. Traumatic CCF are the most common type of CCF. Here we discuss a patient who sustained blunt head trauma and had substantial epistaxis, requiring massive transfusion, intraoperatively due to unrecognized CCF. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Management of direct carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas with the use of ethylene-vinyl alcohol (Onyx) only: preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenteno, Marco; Santos-Franco, Jorge; Rodríguez-Parra, Vladimir; Balderrama, Jorge; Aburto-Murrieta, Yolanda; Vega-Montesinos, Susana; Lee, Angel

    2010-03-01

    So-called direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are commonly treated by detachable balloons or coils to occlude the shunt while sparing the carotid artery. Liquid embolic agents have been rarely used, and in particular, to the authors' knowledge, the use of Onyx as the sole agent has never been reported in an indexed publication. The authors describe a case series of 5 patients with posttraumatic CCF in whom embolization with Onyx was prospectively used as the sole strategy of management. Complete occlusion was obtained at the end of the procedure in 4 cases, and the lesion in the remaining patient subsequently occluded at the 6-month follow-up evaluation. As endovascular techniques for treatment of direct CCFs continue to evolve, this novel approach with Onyx as the sole embolic material seems promising in treating these lesions.

  7. The Occipital Artery as an Alternative Donor for Low-Flow Bypass to Anterior Circulation After Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion Failure prior to Exenteration for an Atypical Cavernous Sinus Meningioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanakita, Shunya; Lenck, Stéphanie; Labidi, Moujahed; Watanabe, Kentaro; Bresson, Damien; Froelich, Sébastien

    2018-01-01

    In skull base tumors involving the cavernous sinus, indications for aggressive resection are sparse and must be carefully examined because of their invasiveness. With careful evaluation, techniques including internal carotid artery sacrifice with or without extracranial-intracranial bypass may still be an option in some cases. Moreover, previous surgery with the sacrifice of potential donor vessels requires adjusting the revascularization strategy. We describe an occipital artery-middle cerebral artery bypass before skull base tumor resection. A 47-year-old woman with a recurrent cavernous sinus meningioma was referred to our department. Because of tumor recurrence after radiotherapy and its rapid progression, radical resection, including part of the cavernous sinus, was planned. A balloon test occlusion was performed and showed good tolerance. An endovascular internal carotid artery occlusion was performed. The patient eventually experienced motor deficits and aphasia after surgery. Therefore, bypass surgery using an occipital artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis was performed. The patient showed no exacerbation of symptoms after bypass surgery and subsequently underwent tumor resection. The reliability of balloon test occlusion in the management of giant aneurysms may not be similarly applicable to skull base tumors. If hypoperfusion symptoms occur after occlusion of the internal carotid artery, a surgical revascularization procedure should be considered because of the risk of ischemic stroke following tumor resection. For patients whose superficial temporal artery is not available, the occipital artery can be a valuable alternative donor for low-flow bypass. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Self-controllable prodromal symptoms of syncope attributed to carotid sinus syndrome during the end stage of cancer: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasuo, Hideaki; Kanbara, Kenji; Sakuma, Hiroko; Matsumori, Rie; Fukunaga, Mikihiko

    2016-01-01

    Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) can cause prodromal symptoms of syncope such as dizziness and nausea. Patients with end-stage cancer lose self-efficacy associated with reduced activities of daily life (ADL). Herein, we report a case of end-stage cancer in which self-efficacy was enhanced as the patient gained self-control of prodromal symptoms of syncope. A 70-year-old patient with end-stage esophageal cancer and enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes developed CSS. The CSS was a mixed type with both bradycardia and decreased blood pressure, accompanied by prodromal symptoms prior to syncope episodes. The patient incidentally discovered that he could decrease the duration of symptoms by contracting the muscles in his hands and legs. By applying this coping method at the onset of prodromal symptoms, he was also able to reduce the severity and duration of symptoms, which resulted in enhanced self-efficacy. As a result, the frequency of prodromal symptoms also decreased even though ADL improved. This patient was diagnosed with vasoinhibitory-predominant mixed-type CSS. The coping method the patient developed seemed to avoid the onset of abrupt blood pressure decrease via peripheral vascular constriction action. Achievement of adequate coping such as self-control of prodromal symptoms enabled our patient to improve his self-efficacy even at the end stages of cancer. This case of enhanced self-efficacy could possibly illustrate a placebo effect for prevention of recurrence.

  9. Sinus Anatomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  10. Adult Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  11. Changes in glutamate receptor subunits within the medulla in goats after section of the carotid sinus nerves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Justin Robert; Neumueller, Suzanne; Muere, Clarissa; Olesiak, Samantha; Pan, Lawrence; Bukowy, John D.; Daghistany, Asem O.; Hodges, Matthew R.

    2014-01-01

    The mechanisms which contribute to the time-dependent recovery of resting ventilation and the ventilatory CO2 chemoreflex after carotid body denervation (CBD) are poorly understood. Herein we tested the hypothesis that there are time-dependent changes in the expression of specific AMPA, NMDA, and/or neurokinin-1 (NK1R) receptors within respiratory-related brain stem nuclei acutely or chronically after CBD in adult goats. Brain stem tissues were collected acutely (5 days) or chronically (30 days) after sham or bilateral CBD, immunostained with antibodies targeting AMPA (GluA1 or GluA2), NMDA (GluN1), or NK-1 receptors, and optical density (OD) compared. Physiological measurement confirmed categorization of each group and showed ventilatory effects consistent with bilateral CBD (Miller et al. J Appl Physiol 115: 1088–1098, 2013). Acutely after CBD, GluA1 OD was unchanged or slightly increased, but GluA2 and GluN1 OD were reduced 15–30% within the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and in other medullary respiratory nuclei. Chronically after CBD, GluA1 was reduced (P < 0.05) within the caudal NTS and in other nuclei, but there was significant recovery of GluA2 and GluN1 OD. NK1 OD was not significantly different from control after CBD. We conclude that the initial decrease in GluA2 and GluN1 after CBD likely contributes to hypoventilation and the reduced CO2 chemoreflex. The partial recovery of ventilation and the CO2 chemoreflex after CBD parallel a time-dependent return of these receptors to near control levels but likely depend upon additional initiating and maintenance factors for neuroplasticity. PMID:24790015

  12. Clinical experience with Thera DR rate-drop response pacing algorithm in carotid sinus syndrome and vasovagal syncope. The International Rate-Drop Investigators Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benditt, D G; Sutton, R; Gammage, M D; Markowitz, T; Gorski, J; Nygaard, G A; Fetter, J

    1997-03-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of cardiac pacing using the Thera DR rate-drop response algorithm for prevention of recurrent symptoms in patients with carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) or vasovagal syncope. The algorithm comprises both diagnostic and treatment elements. The diagnostic element consists of a programmable "window" used to identify heart rate changes compatible with an evolving neurally mediated syncopal episode. The treatment arm consists of pacing at a selectable rate and for a programmable duration. Forty-three patients (mean age 53 +/- 20.4 years) with CSS alone (n = 8), CSS in conjunction with vasovagal syncope (n = 4), or vasovagal syncope alone (n = 31) were included. Thirty-nine had recurrent syncope, while the remaining four reported multiple presyncopal events. Prior to pacing, 40 +/- 152 syncopal episodes (range from 1 to approximately 1,000 syncopal events) over the preceding 56 +/- 84.5 months. Postpacing follow-up duration was 204 +/- 172 days. Three patients have been lost to follow-up and in one patient the algorithm was disabled. Among the remaining 39 individuals, 31 (80%) indicated absence or diminished frequency of symptoms, or less severe symptoms. Twenty-three patients (23/29, or 59%) were asymptomatic with respect to syncope or presyncope. Sixteen patients had symptom recurrences. Of these, seven experienced syncope (7/39, or 18%) and 9 (29%) had presyncope: the majority of patients with recurrences (6/7 syncope and 7/9 presyncope) were individuals with a history of vasovagal syncope. Consequently, although symptoms were observed during postpacing follow-up, they appeared to be of reduced frequency and severity. Thus, our findings suggest that a transient period of high rate pacing triggered by the Thera DR rate-drop response algorithm was beneficial in a large proportion of highly symptomatic patients with CSS or vasovagal syncope.

  13. Thrombosis of venous outflows of the cavernous sinus: possible aetiology of the cortical venous reflux in case of indirect carotid-cavernous fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Thomas; Sylvestre, Philippe; Blanc, Raphaël; Botta, Daniele; Ciccio, Gabriele; Smajda, Stanislas; Redjem, Hocine; Piotin, Michel

    2017-05-01

    The presence of a cortical venous reflux (CVR) in a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is well described and is considered to be a criterion for urgent treatment. This reflux is often associated with direct/traumatic CCF and the high-flow of the fistula alone explains the reflux. For indirect CCF, the pathophysiology of a CVR is unclear. All patients treated endovascularly for an indirect CCF with a cortical venous reflux between 2003 and 2015 were included. We retrospectively analysed data focusing on whether venous outflows of the cavernous sinus would opacify or not with the local injection of contrast, in order to locate those that could explain the venous reflux. Twenty consecutive patients (male/female ratio, 2/3) were included in this series with a mean age of 63 years. All patients presented ocular signs and no patients showed any neurological sign secondary to the CVR. We distinguished four patterns of CVR: in the superficial middle cerebral vein (75%), in the uncal vein (15%), in the superior petrosal vein (5%) and in the inferior petrosal vein (5%). Seventy percent of the cases presented a lack of opacification in more than three venous outflows of the CS involved. Each patient received an endovascular therapy by venous approach with a success rate of 76.9% per embolisation session. Two patients (10%) presented a permanent ocular paresis and two others a transient deficit. CVR is directly correlated with the thrombosis of multiple venous outflows of the CS. The "non-opacification" of at least three of the CS venous outflows is necessary for the development of CVR. Such thrombosis may be explained by the combination of haemodynamic and inflammatory changes of the venous wall.

  14. Unilateral Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula Causing Bilateral Ocular Manifestation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demartini, Zeferino; Liebert, Fernando; Gatto, Luana Antunes Maranha; Jung, Thiago Simiano; Rocha, Carlos; Santos, Alex Marques Borges; Koppe, Gelson Luis

    2015-01-01

    Unilateral carotid cavernous fistula presents with ipsilateral ocular findings. Bilateral presentation is only seen in bilateral fistulas, usually associated with indirect (dural) carotid cavernous fistulas. Direct carotid cavernous fistulas are an abnormal communication between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. They typically begin with a traumatic disruption in the artery wall into the cavernous sinus, presenting with a classic triad of unilateral pulsatile exophthalmos, cranial bruit and episcleral venous engorgement. We report the case of a 38-year-old male with traumatic right carotid cavernous sinus fistula and bilateral ocular presentation successfully treated by interventional neuroradiology.

  15. Chronic Interactions Between Carotid Baroreceptors and Chemoreceptors in Obesity Hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmeier, Thomas E; Iliescu, Radu; Tudorancea, Ionut; Cazan, Radu; Cates, Adam W; Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios; Irwin, Eric D

    2016-07-01

    Carotid bodies play a critical role in protecting against hypoxemia, and their activation increases sympathetic activity, arterial pressure, and ventilation, responses opposed by acute stimulation of the baroreflex. Although chemoreceptor hypersensitivity is associated with sympathetically mediated hypertension, the mechanisms involved and their significance in the pathogenesis of hypertension remain unclear. We investigated the chronic interactions of these reflexes in dogs with sympathetically mediated, obesity-induced hypertension based on the hypothesis that hypoxemia and tonic activation of carotid chemoreceptors may be associated with obesity. After 5 weeks on a high-fat diet, the animals experienced a 35% to 40% weight gain and increases in arterial pressure from 106±3 to 123±3 mm Hg and respiratory rate from 8±1 to 12±1 breaths/min along with hypoxemia (arterial partial pressure of oxygen=81±3 mm Hg) but eucapnia. During 7 days of carotid baroreflex activation by electric stimulation of the carotid sinus, tachypnea was attenuated, and hypertension was abolished before these variables returned to prestimulation values during a recovery period. After subsequent denervation of the carotid sinus region, respiratory rate decreased transiently in association with further sustained reductions in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (to 65±2 mm Hg) and substantial hypercapnia. Moreover, the severity of hypertension was attenuated from 125±2 to 116±3 mm Hg (45%-50% reduction). These findings suggest that hypoxemia may account for sustained stimulation of peripheral chemoreceptors in obesity and that this activation leads to compensatory increases in ventilation and central sympathetic outflow that contributes to neurogenically mediated hypertension. Furthermore, the excitatory effects of chemoreceptor hyperactivity are abolished by chronic activation of the carotid baroreflex. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  16. MR findings of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyeong Lae; Lee, Nam Joon; Lee, Jung Hee; Pyo, Hyeon Soon; Eo, Geun; Kim, Kyo Nam; Kim, Young Soon; Kim, Jang Min [Kwang Myung Sung Ae Hospital, Kwang Myung (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Don Young [Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-08-01

    To evaluate the MR findings of septic thrombosis of the cavernous sinus. Eleven MR images of six patients with septic cavernous sinus thrombosis obtained over a five-year period and proven clinically or radiologically were retrospectively reviewed. The contour and enhancement pattern of the cavernous sinus, changes in the internal carotid artery, orbit, pituitary gland and sphenoid sinus, and intracranial abnormalities were analyzed and compared with the findings of follow-up studies. In all six patients, contrast study revealed asymmetrical enlargement of the ipsilateral cavernous sinus and multiple irregular filling defects within it. Narrowing of the cavernous portion of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery was noted in five patients, upward displacement of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery in four, ipsilateral proptosis with engorgement of the superior ophthalmic vein in two, pituitary enlargement in five, and inflammatory change in the sphenoid sinus in six. Associated intracranial abnormalities included edema and enhancement in the meninx, temporal lobe, or pons adjacent to the cavernous sinus in four patients, hydrocephalus in one, and cerebral infarction in one. Follow-up MR imaging indicated that the extent of asymmetrical enlargement of the cavernous sinus, filling defects within it, as seen on contrast study, and enlarged pituitary glands had all decreased, without significant interval change. MR imaging is useful in the diagnosis of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis. Asymmetrical enlargement of the cavernous sinus, multiple irregular filling defect within it, as seen on contrast study, and changes in the internal carotid artery are characteristic findings. (author)

  17. Sinus Headaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Evaluation and management of "sinus headache" in the otolaryngology practice. Otolaryngology Clinics of North America. 2014;47:269. Sinusitis. ... et al. Why the confusion about sinus headache? Otolaryngology Clinics of North America. 2014;47:169. Sinus ...

  18. Pediatric Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ENTCareers Marketplace Find an ENT Doctor Near You Pediatric Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Patient Health Information News media interested in ... sinuses are present at birth. Unlike in adults, pediatric sinusitis is difficult to diagnose because symptoms of ...

  19. Direct orbital puncture of the cavernous sinus for the treatment of a carotid-cavernous dural AV fistula with a concomitant venous/lymphatic malformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coumou, Adriaan D.; van den Berg, René; Bot, Joost C.; Beetsma, Daan B.; Saeed, Peerooz

    2014-01-01

    A 37- year old male with a long history of a left orbital venous/lympathic malformation presented with ocular injection, increased proptosis and reduced left vision. Angiography demonstrated a carotid cavernous dural AV fistula combined with a concomitant venous/lymphatic malformation. After

  20. Maxillary Sinus Impaction of a Core Carrier Causing Sustained Apical Periodontitis, Sinusitis, and Nasal Stenosis: A 3-year Follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjørndal, Lars; Amaloo, Catharina; Markvart, Merete; Rud, Vibe; Qvortrup, Klaus; Stavnsbjerg, Camilla; Bjarnsholt, Thomas

    2016-12-01

    The aim was to present a case report of a full-length extrusion of an obturator's core carrier into the maxillary sinus, causing clinical symptoms from the nose region with differential diagnostics aspects, which, in turn, led to several surgical treatments of the nostrils before diagnosis and correct endodontic retreatment of a maxillary right first molar. A 36-year-old man presented in 2012 with complaints from the right nostril region. Medical treatment with antibiotics and surgical procedures because of nasal stenosis resulted only in partial improvement. Five years earlier, a root canal treatment was performed on the maxillary right first molar. Intraoral radiographs revealed 10-mm overfilling of root filling material into the maxillary sinus from the palatal root of tooth #3. Before surgical removal of the excess root filling material, orthograde revision was performed. Cone-beam computed tomographic imaging was used to localize the position of the root filling material, which protruded through the maxillary sinus and reached the inferior nasal wall. Surgical removal from the palatal aspect revealed that the root filling material was a core carrier of an obturator. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed evidence of microbial biofilm on the core carrier as well as remnants of sinus mucosa. At the long-term follow-ups, the tooth had healed apically, and symptoms of nasal stenosis were markedly reduced. This case report represents a challenging differential diagnostic topic urging the importance of a medical and dental interdisciplinary dialogue. The use of cone-beam computed tomographic imaging was crucial for the surgical retreatment. Copyright © 2016 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Carotid Ultrasound

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page from the NHLBI on Twitter. Carotid Ultrasound Also known as carotid duplex. Carotid ultrasound is a painless imaging test that uses high- ... of your carotid arteries. This test uses an ultrasound machine, which includes a computer, a screen, and ...

  2. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  3. Expectations of Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  4. Complications of Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  5. Complications of Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  6. Sinusitis Q and A

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  7. [Fungal sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riechelmann, H

    2011-06-01

    The incidence of fungal sinusitis is subjected to significant geographical variation. Basically, invasive and non-invasive fungal sinusitis is distinguished. Invasive fungal sinusitis is observed mainly in immunocompromised hosts. The diagnopsis is based on positive fungus detection combined with characteristic clinical features. The treatment of invasive fungal sinusitis is based on surgical debridement and systemic antifungal therapy. Non-invasive fungal sinusitis is either treated with surgery alone or surgery combined with systemic steroid therapy. The majority of studies showed no benefit of postoperative antimycotic medical treatment in patients with non-invasive fungal sinusitis. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Objective Validation of Perfusion-Based Human Cadaveric Simulation Training Model for Management of Internal Carotid Artery Injury in Endoscopic Endonasal Sinus and Skull Base Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jasper; Hur, Kevin; Zhang, Zhipeng; Minneti, Michael; Pham, Martin; Wrobel, Bozena; Zada, Gabriel

    2017-12-29

    The emergence of minimally invasive endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery has necessitated reproducible and realistic simulators of rare vascular injuries. To assess the face and content validity of an innovative perfusion-based cadaveric model developed to simulate internal carotid artery (ICA) injury during endoscopic surgery. Otolaryngology and neurosurgery trainees attempted 3 consecutive trials of endoscopic control of a parasellar ICA injury, with standardized technical feedback. Time to hemostasis (TTH) and blood loss were trended. All participants completed validated questionnaires using a 5-point Likert scale to assess the domains of confidence gain, face validity, content validity, and curriculum applicability. Among all participants (n = 35), TTH and mean blood loss significantly decreased between first vs second attempt (P = .005), and first vs third attempt (P = .03). Following the first attempt, trainees experienced an average 63% reduction in blood loss and 59% reduction in TTH. In the quartile of most improved participants, average blood loss reduction was 1115 mL (84% reduction) and TTH of 259 s (84% reduction). There were no significant differences between trainees of varying postgraduate year or specialty. Average pre and postprocedural confidence scores were 1.38 and 3.16, respectively (P < .0001). All trainees reported model realism, which achieved mean face validity 4.82 ± 0.41 and content validity 4.88 ± 0.33. The perfusion-based human cadaveric ICA injury model achieves high ratings of face and content validity across all levels of surgical trainees, and enables safe, realistic simulation for standardized skull base simulation and future curriculum development. Objective improvements in performance metrics may translate to improved patient outcomes.

  9. Endovascular management of dural fistulas into the cavernous sinus. A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moscote-Salazar Luis Rafael

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dural fistula to the cavernous sinus (DFCS is an infrequent pathology that consists in the anomalous communication between the meningeal branches of the internal carotid artery (ICA and/or the external carotid artery (ECA and the cavernous sinus. Aim: To perform a systematic review to evaluate clinical and imaging findings in DFCS, and current indications for treatment.

  10. Prevalência e preditores da resposta cardioinibitória à massagem do seio carotídeo em 502 pacientes ambulatoriais Cardioinhibitory carotid sinus hypersensitivity: prevalence and predictors in 502 outpatients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo de Castro Lacerda

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A resposta cardioinibitória (RCI caracteriza-se por assistolia > 3 segundos em resposta a 5 a 10 segundos de massagem do seio carotídeo (MSC. O implante de marcapasso é indicado nos pacientes com síncope inexplicada e RCI. OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência e os preditores da RCI em pacientes com alta prevalência de doença cardiovascular. Avaliar o significado clínico da RCI em pacientes com história de síncope ou queda. MÉTODOS: Desenho transversal. Casuística: pacientes ambulatoriais, com idade > 50 anos, encaminhados ao Setor de Eletrocardiografia de um hospital terciário. Indivíduos com demência, sopro carotídeo, história de infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular cerebral nos últimos três meses foram excluídos. Os pacientes foram submetidos a MSC direito por 10 segundos seguida de MSC esquerdo por 10 segundos. As MSCs foram realizadas na posição supina por um único investigador. RESULTADOS: No total, 502 indivíduos foram submetidos a MSC, dos quais 52 apresentaram RCI (prevalência: 10,4%; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 7,7%-13%. Os preditores independentes da RCI foram: sexo masculino ("odds ratio" [OR]: 2,61; IC95%: 1,3%-5,1%, cardiopatia estrutural (OR: 3,28; IC95%: 1,3%-7,9%, e freqüência cardíaca de base (p 50 anos. Nos homens e nos cardiopatas, a probabilidade de a MSC provocar o aparecimento de RCI foi maior. Nas mulheres e nos pacientes sem cardiopatia estrutural aparente, a RCI mostrou ser achado altamente específico para o diagnóstico etiológico dos episódios de síncope ou queda.BACKGROUND: Cardioinhibitory response (CIR is defined as asystole >3 seconds in response to 5-10 seconds of carotid sinus massage (CSM. Pacemaker implantation is indicated for patients with unexplained syncope episodes and CIR. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and predictors of CIR in patients with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease, and assess the clinical significance of CIR in

  11. Anatomy of the sympathetic pathways in the cavernous sinus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Overbeeke, J. J.; Dujovny, M.; Troost, D.

    1995-01-01

    We studied sympathetic fibres in the cavernous sinus in 40 unfixed specimens obtained from human cadavers. Sympathetic fibres in the cavernous sinus are understood to be grouped in a plexiform configuration surrounding the internal carotid artery and have a diffuse distribution among the sympathetic

  12. Transvenous embolization of a carotid cavernous fistula complicated by a hematoma at the tentorial edge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baharvahdat, Humain; Shabestari, Mahmoud M; Zabihyan, Samira; Etemadresaei, Hamid; Blanc, Raphäel; Piotin, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Indirect (dural) carotid cavernous fistulae are generally treated by endovascular surgery primary transvenous embolization that is safe and effective. We describe here a case of a left indirect carotid cavernous fistula that presented with proptosis and eye redness. The patient underwent transvenous embolization of carotid cavernous sinus. The procedure was complicated by a haemorrhage from the cavernous sinus. The post procedural CT scan showed a haematoma at the tentorial edge. Precise diagnosis and prompt treatment could prevent severe complications.

  13. Sinus x-ray

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... an infection and inflammation of the sinuses called sinusitis . A sinus x-ray is ordered when you have any of the following: Symptoms of sinusitis Other sinus disorders, such as a deviated septum ( ...

  14. Submandibular puncture of the facial vein: an original route for endovascular therapy of cavernous sinus dural fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunel, H; Girard, N; Dufour, H; Peretti-Viton, P; Moynier, M; Bonafé, A

    2014-08-01

    Carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are a potentially severe pathology. Their basic standard treatment is an occlusion of the CCF performed by retrograde venous catheterization via the inferior petrous sinus. When the inferior petrous sinuses are occluded, other alternative venous routes are possible with various subsequent difficulties and risks. We report an original and safe method for endovascular treatment using submandibular puncture of the facial vein. We report 4 cases of patients with severe unilateral carotid cavernous sinus fistula associated with the occlusion of both inferior petrous sinuses. A submandibular surgical puncture of the ipsilateral inferior facial vein permitted the catheterization of the fistula. Complete occlusion of carotid cavernous sinus fistula was obtained by using a combination of microcoils and Onyx™. When inferior petrous sinuses are occluded, endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous sinus fistulas is more difficult. After reviewing the other treatment options reported in the literature and their respective advantages and adverse effects, we describe an original technique based on the surgical puncture of the ipsilateral facial vein. The occlusion of the fistula is then obtained by using a combination of microcoils and Onyx™. When the inferior petrous sinuses are occluded, an endovascular treatment for a carotid cavernous sinus fistula can be performed using an original and secure method. This method relies on a simple surgical puncture of the facial vein in the submandibular region, which then permits a retrograde catheterization of the carotid cavernous sinus fistula with no significant risk. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Acute Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Acute sinusitis is mostly caused by the common cold. Unless a bacterial infection develops, most cases resolve within a week to 10 days. In ... sinusitis is most often caused by the common cold, which is a viral infection. In some cases, a bacterial infection develops. Risk factors You may ...

  16. DURAL CAROTID-CAVERNOUS FISTULAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Cvenkel

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCF are communications fed by meningeal branches of the intracavernous internal carotid artery (ACI or/and external carotid artery (ACE. In contrast to typical CCF, the arteriovenous shunting of blood is usually low flow and low pressure. Spontaneous dural CCF are more common in postmenopausal women. Aetiology is unknown, but congenital malformation or rupture of thin-walled dural arteries within venous sinuses is believed to be the cause.Case reports. 3 cases lacking the typical clinical signs of CCF who had been treated as chronic conjunctivitis, myositis of the extraocular muscle and orbital pseudotumour are presented. Clinical presentation depends on the direction and magnitude of fistular flow and on the anatomy of the collateral branches. If increased blood flow is directed anteriorly in ophthalmic veins the signs of orbito-ocular congestion are present (»redeyed shunt syndrome«. Drainage primarly in the inferior petrosal sinus may cause painful oculomotor and abducens palsies without signs of ocular congestion (»white-eyed shunt syndrome«. Also different therapeutic approaches as well as possible complications are described.Conclusions. For definite diagnosis angiography is obligatory and is also therapeutic as one third to one half of dural CCF close spontaneously. Because of potential severe eye and systemic complications, surgical intervention is indicated only in cases with uncontrolled secondary glaucoma and hypoxic retinopathy.

  17. Midazolam depresses carotid body chemoreceptor activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, C; Shvarev, Y; Takeda, S; Sakamoto, A; Lindahl, S G E; Eriksson, L I

    2006-02-01

    Although the contribution of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor system in peripheral chemosensation is unclear, immunohistochemistry has demonstrated the presence of GABA-ergic receptors in mammalian carotid bodies. We hypothesized that an activation of the carotid body GABA receptors would counteract the depolarizing effect of hypoxia. The carotid body with arterial supply and the carotid sinus nerve was removed en bloc from New Zealand White rabbits and placed in a perfusion chamber. The carotid body preparation was perfused via the cut common carotid artery with a modified Tyrode's solution at a rate of 3.5-4.5 ml/min with a constant pressure of 45 cmH2O. The carotid sinus nerve firing frequency (Hz) was recorded at two different oxygen tension levels during perfusion with midazolam of 1, 10 and 100 microg/l. The frequency was decreased by midazolam in a dose-dependent manner (n = 8). Firing frequencies (mean +/- SEM) at the low oxygen tension level decreased from 643.13 +/- 67.2 Hz in the control to 554.5 +/- 67.7 Hz (P = 0.054 vs. control), 509.01 +/- 100.5 Hz (P chemoreceptor activity in a dose-dependent manner.

  18. Sinus Headaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... choose any aerobic exercise you enjoy, including walking, swimming and cycling. Warm up slowly, however, because sudden, ... dosages for you. References Patel ZM, et al. Evaluation and management of "sinus headache" in the otolaryngology ...

  19. Chronic Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... weeks, despite treatment attempts. Also known as chronic rhinosinusitis, this condition interferes with drainage and causes mucus ... Regular exposure to pollutants such as cigarette smoke Complications Chronic sinusitis complications include: Meningitis. This infection causes ...

  20. Síncope no idoso: utilidade diagnóstica da massagem do seio carotídeo na posição ortostática durante o "tilt test" Syncope in the elderly: diagnostic utility of carotid sinus massage in the head-up tilt test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Benchimol

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Um senhor aposentado veio à consulta com história de desmaios há vários meses e uma série de exames cardiológicos e de neuroimagem inconclusivos. Medicado com carbamazepina, os desmaios persistiram, ocasionando ferimentos na face e nos braços. Durante o "tilt test" não sensibilizado farmacologicamente, a massagem do seio carotídeo na posição ortostática (mesa inclinada a 60° produziu assistolia, perda da consciência e queda drástica da pressão arterial por 5 segundos. A mesma manobra na posição supina não provocou sintomas ou alterações hemodinâmicas. Implantado marca-passo de dupla câmara e suspensa a carbamazepina, os desmaios não se repetiram ao longo dos 18 meses de acompanhamento, confirmando o diagnóstico de hipersensibilidade do seio carotídeo com resposta cárdio-inibitória. Este caso ilustra e reafirma a utilidade do "tilt test" e da inclusão da massagem dos seios carotídeos na posição ortostática no protocolo de investigação de todo paciente com síncope de causa inaparente.A 71-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of fainting. Consciousness was quickly regained without clouding or confusion. Ancillary investigations were inconclusive and he was treated with carbamazepine. The fainting spells did not cease and he was referred for a tilt-table test exam. In the head-up position (table tilted at 60°, massage of the carotid sinus was immediately followed by asystole, unconsciousness, and a sharp drop in arterial pressure for 5 seconds. The same procedure in the lying position did not elicit clinical symptoms or hæmodynamic imbalance. A diagnosis of carotid sinus hypersensitivity with a cardio-inhibitory response pattern was made. Carbamazepine was withdrawn and a double-chamber pacemaker was implanted in his right ventricle. He remained symptom-free for the ensuing 18 months. This case supports the diagnostic utility of carotid sinus massage during the head-up tilt test in patients with

  1. Computerized Tomographic Study on the Paranasal Sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sun Kyung; Lim, Sug Young; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Institute of Oral Bio Science, College of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-08-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the computed tomographic (CT) images of the paranasal sinusitis(PNS). The author examined the extent and the recurring patterns of the paranasal sinusitis and some important anatomic landmarks. The author analyzed PNS images retrospectively in 500 patients who visited Chonbuk National University Hospital between January 1996 and December 1997. The most frequently affected sinus was maxillary sinus (82.9%), followed by anterior ethmoid sinus (67.9%), posterior ethmoid sinus (48.9%), frontal sinus (42.0%) and sphenoid sinus (41.4%). The characteristic features of CT images of the sinusitis were sinus opacification (22.4%), mucoperiosteal thickening (34.3%), and polyposis (2.0%). Sinonasal inflammatory diseases were categorized into 5 patterns according to Babbel's classification. They were 1) infundibular (13.0%), 2) ostiomeatal unit (67.4%), 3)sphenoethmoidal recess (13.0%), 4) sinonasal polyposis (9.6%) and 5) unclassifiable patterns (18.0%). The incidences of contact between sinus and optic nerve were as follows ; the incidences of contact with posterior ethmoid sinus, sphenoid sinus, both posterior sinuses were 11.4%, 66.8%, 6.3%, respectively. The incidences of contact between sphenoid sinus and maxillary nerve, vidian nerve, internal carotid artery were 74.5%, 79.2%, 45.1% respectively. The incidences of pneumatization of the posterior ethmoid sinus were as follows; normal 70.6% and overriding type 29.4%. The incidences of sphenoid sinus pneumatization were as follows; normal 56.9% , rudimentary 12.5%, pterygoid recess 22.7%, anterior clinoid recess 2.7%, and both pterygoid and anterior clinoid recess 5.2%. The inflammatory sinonasal diseases were classified into five patterns using the CT of PNS, which was proven to be an excellent imaging modality providing detailed information about mucosal abnormality, pathologic patterns and the proximity of the important structures to the posterior paranasal sinuses. This

  2. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae*

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Daniela; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco e; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante

    2014-01-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. PMID:25741093

  3. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Santos, Daniela; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco E; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante

    2014-01-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae.

  4. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Daniela dos; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco e; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante, E-mail: danisantos2404@gmail.com [Universidade de Sao Paulo (HCFMRP/USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Hospital das Clinicas

    2014-07-15

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. (author)

  5. Carotid artery surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carotid endarterectomy; CAS surgery; Carotid artery stenosis - surgery; Endarterectomy - carotid artery ... results of stenting versus endarterectomy for carotid-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med . 2016;374(11):1021- ...

  6. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses Computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses ... of CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known ...

  7. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... are obstructed and the best imaging modality for sinusitis. Tell your doctor if there’s a possibility you ... the sinuses is primarily used to: help diagnose sinusitis . evaluate sinuses that are filled with fluid or ...

  8. Sinus MRI scan

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... tissues surrounding the eye (orbital cellulitis) Nasal polyps Sinusitis -- acute Sinusitis -- chronic Talk to your provider if you have ... therefore is not typically used for suspected acute sinusitis. Alternative Names MRI of the sinuses; Magnetic resonance ...

  9. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Chronic Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    篠, 昭男; 吉原, 俊雄; Akio, SHINO; Toshio, YOSHIHARA

    2004-01-01

    Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has became basic surgical treatment for chronic sinusitis instead of the Caldwell-Luc procedure. This technique is aimed at improvement of ventilation and excretion with endoscopic approach between nasal cavity and each sinus. The mucosa preservation of sinus is recognized to important as the surgery for inflammatory disease. The ostiomeatal complex (OMC) plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of sinusitis. Obstruction here predisposes to chronic sinusitis...

  10. Noncavernous arteriovenous shunts mimicking carotid cavernous fistulae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobkitsuksakul, Chai; Jiarakongmun, Pakorn; Chanthanaphak, Ekachat; Pongpech, Sirintara

    2016-01-01

    The classic symptoms and signs of carotid cavernous sinus fistula or cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) consist of eye redness, exophthalmos, and gaze abnormality. The angiography findings typically consist of arteriovenous shunt at cavernous sinus with ophthalmic venous drainage with or without cortical venous reflux. In rare circumstances, the shunts are localized outside the cavernous sinus, but mimic symptoms and radiography of the cavernous shunt. We would like to present the other locations of the arteriovenous shunt, which mimic the clinical presentation of carotid cavernous fistulae, and analyze venous drainages. We retrospectively examined the records of 350 patients who were given provisional diagnoses of carotid cavernous sinus fistulae or cavernous sinus dural AVF in the division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok between 2008 and 2014. Any patient with cavernous arteriovenous shunt was excluded. Of those 350 patients, 10 patients (2.85%) were identified as having noncavernous sinus AVF. The angiographic diagnoses consisted of three anterior condylar (hypoglossal) dural AVF, two traumatic middle meningeal AVF, one lesser sphenoid wing dural AVF, one vertebro-vertebral fistula (VVF), one intraorbital AVF, one direct dural artery to cortical vein dural AVF, and one transverse-sigmoid dural AVF. Six cases (60%) were found to have venous efferent obstruction. Arteriovenous shunts mimicking the cavernous AVF are rare, with a prevalence of only 2.85% in this series. The clinical presentation mainly depends on venous outflow. The venous outlet of the arteriovenous shunts is influenced by venous afferent-efferent patterns according to the venous anatomy of the central nervous system and the skull base, as well as by architectural disturbance, specifically, obstruction of the venous outflow.

  11. Complex carotid cavernous sinus fistulas Barrow type D: endovascular treatment via the ophthalmic vein, imaging control with standardized MRI, long-term results; Interdisziplinaere Embolisation spontaner Karotis-Cavernosus-Fisteln Typ D nach Barrow ueber die Vena ophthalmica: klinische Langzeitergebnisse und kernspintomografische Befunde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Struffert, T.; Grunwald, I.Q.; Reith, W. [Abteilung fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes (Germany); Muecke, I. [Klinik fuer Augenheilkunde, Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes (Germany)

    2007-04-15

    Purpose: Since feeding arteries from both the internal and external carotid artery are common, cavernous fistulas of Barrow type D are difficult to treat. Embolization using the transarterial approach is considered to be the standard therapy. However, it is often impossible to embolize feeders from the internal carotid artery. The transorbital approach after anterior orbitotomy through the ophthalmic vein is an alternative in this complex situation. The following reports our experience with three female patients who underwent transvenous embolization. Procedural success was documented using standardized MRI and clinical reevaluation. Materials and Methods: Three female patients between 57 and 78 years of age were diagnosed with carotid cavernous fistulas by conventional angiogram. All patients were suffering from exophthalmus and visual impairment. Two patients showed secondary glaucoma and diplopia. In one patient we performed a technically successful transarterial embolization using particles, but no relevant improvement of the patient's condition was seen. Transfemoral transvenous access via the sinus petrosus was not possible in any patient. All patients were then embolized via the ophthalmic vein using GDC detachable coils. All patients were clinically reevaluated by an ophthalmologist. Also a standardized MRI was performed for documentation. Follow-up was performed for the first patient for 32 months, for the second patient for 34 months and for the third patient for 50 months. Results: Transvenous embolization was technically successful in all three cases. Clinical symptoms disappeared rapidly. Postprocedural MRI showed a symmetric diameter of the ophthalmic vein. Venous congestion of the orbit caused by fatty tissue edema regressed completely. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography showed normal arterial vessels without evidence of fistula. (orig.)

  12. Sinusitis: Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... congestion. Your doctor may suggest a decongestant nasal spray to treat swelling. Do not use this for more than 3 days. It can worsen the swelling in your sinuses once you stop using the medicine.A process called nasal irrigation can provide relief. A saline solution through a ...

  13. Sinusitis (acute)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Acute sinusitis is defined pathologically, by transient inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses lasting less than 4 weeks. Clinically, it is characterised by nasal congestion, rhinorrhoea, facial pain, hyposmia, sneezing, and, if more severe, additional malaise and fever. It affects 1−5% of the adult population each year in Europe. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of treatments in people with clinically diagnosed acute sinusitis, and with radiologically or bacteriologically confirmed acute sinusitis? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library and other important databases up to August 2007 (BMJ Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 19 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: antibiotics (amoxicillin, co-amoxiclav, doxycycline, cephalosporins, macrolides, different doses [amoxicillin, co-amoxiclav, doxycycline, cephalosporins, macrolides], long-course regimens), antihistamines, cephalosporins or macrolides, decongestants (xylometazoline, phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine), doxycycline, saline nasal washes, steam inhalation, and topical corticosteroids (intra-nasal). PMID:19450327

  14. Chronic sinusitis (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and cartilage and lined with a mucous membrane. Sinusitis occurs when the membranes becomes inflamed and painful, ... a result of a blocked sinus opening. Chronic sinusitis is often caused by inflammation and blockage due ...

  15. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... equipment to evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, air-filled spaces within the bones of the face ... paranasal sinus cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces located within the bones of the ...

  16. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known as a ... of page What are some common uses of the procedure? CT of the sinuses is primarily used ...

  17. Wall shear stress evolution in carotid artery bifurcation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernad, S. I.; Bosioc, A. I.; Totorean, A. F.; Petre, I.; Bernad, E. S.

    2017-07-01

    The steady flow in an anatomically realistic human carotid bifurcation was simulated numerically. Main parameters such as wall shear stress (WSS), velocity profiles and pressure distributions are investigated in the carotid artery, namely in bifurcation and sinusoidal enlargement regions. Flow in the carotid sinus is dominated by a single secondary vortex motion accompanied by a strong helical flow. This type of flow is induced primarily by the curvature and asymmetry of the in vivo geometry. Low wall shear stress concentration occurs at both the anterior and posterior aspects of the proximal internal bulb.

  18. Baroreceptor and chemoreceptor contributions to the hypertensive response to bilateral carotid occlusion in conscious mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lataro, R M; Castania, J A; Chapleau, M W; Salgado, H C; Fazan, R

    2010-12-01

    This study aimed to characterize the role played by baroreceptors and chemoreceptors in the hypertensive response to bilateral carotid occlusion (BCO) in conscious C57BL mice. On the day before the experiments the animals were implanted with pneumatic cuffs around their common carotid arteries and a femoral catheter for measurement of arterial pressure. Under the same surgical approach, groups of mice were submitted to aortic or carotid sinus denervation or sham surgery. BCO was performed for 30 or 60 s, promoting prompt and sustained increase in mean arterial pressure and fall in heart rate. Compared with intact mice, the hypertensive response to 30 s of BCO was enhanced in aortic-denervated mice (52 ± 4 vs. 41 ± 4 mmHg; P peripheral chemoreceptor activity by hyperoxia [arterial partial pressure of oxygen (Pa(O(2))) > 500 mmHg] attenuated the hypertensive response to BCO in intact mice (30 ± 6 vs. 51 ± 5 mmHg in normoxia; P chemoreceptors. In addition, aortic denervation potentiates the hypertensive response elicited by BCO in conscious mice.

  19. Plain Language Summary: Adult Sinusitis (Sinus Infection).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspersen, Leslie A; Walter, Lindsey M; Walsh, Sandra A; Rosenfeld, Richard M; Piccirillo, Jay F

    2015-08-01

    This plain language summary serves as an overview in explaining sinusitis (pronounced sign-you-side-tis). The purpose of this plain language summary is to provide patients with standard language explaining their condition in an easy-to-read format. This summary applies to those 18 years of age or older with sinusitis. The summary is featured as an FAQ (frequently asked question) format. The summary addresses how to manage and treat sinusitis symptoms. Adult sinusitis is often called a sinus infection. A healthcare provider may refer to a sinus infection as rhinosinusitis (pronounced rhi-no-sign-you-side-tis). This includes the nose as well as the sinuses in the name. A sinus infection is the swelling of the sinuses and nasal cavity.The summary is based on the published 2015 "Clinical Practice Guideline: Adult Sinusitis." The evidence-based guideline includes research to support more effective diagnosis and treatment of adult sinus infections. The guideline was developed as a quality improvement opportunity for managing sinus infections by creating clear recommendations to use in medical practice. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2015.

  20. Sinusitis (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Special Needs Factsheet School Violence and the News Sinusitis KidsHealth > For Parents > Sinusitis Print A A A What's in this article? Causes Symptoms Prevention Treatment en español Sinusitis Sinuses are moist air spaces within the bones ...

  1. Allergic Fungal Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Correll, Daniel P.; Luzi, Scott A.; Nelson, Brenda L.

    2014-01-01

    A 42 year old male presents with worsening pain and an increase in thick chronic drainage of the left sinus. Image studies show complete opacification of the left frontal sinus, left sphenoid sinus, and the left maxillary sinus. The patient was taken to the operating room and tissue for microscopic evaluation was obtained. The microscopic findings were classic for allergic fungal sinusitis: areas of alternating mucinous material and inflammatory cell debris and abundant Charcot–Leyden crystal...

  2. Incidência de complicações relacionadas à massagem do seio carotídeo em 502 pacientes ambulatoriais Incidencia de complicaciones relacionadas al masaje del seno carotídeo en 502 pacientes ambulatorios Complications related to carotid sinus massage in 502 ambulatory patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo de Castro Lacerda

    2009-02-01

    aterosclerótica y cardiopatía. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal. Criterios de inclusión: pacientes ambulatorios con edad >50 años, orientados a realizar el electrocardiograma (ECG. Criterios de exclusión: individuos que no aceptaron participar de un estudio sobre la prevalencia de la respuesta cardioinhibitoria al MSC; pacientes con demencia; portadores de marcapaso; individuos con soplo carotídeo o historia de ACV o IAM en los últimos 3 meses. Se realizó el MSC en posición supina durante 10 segundos. Se consideraron complicaciones del MSC: la ocurrencia de arritmias sostenidas y el aparecimiento de déficit neurológico, ya sea durante el MSC, ya sea en las 24 horas subsecuentes a su término. RESULTADOS: Se seleccionaron, de modo aleatorio, a 562 pacientes, de un total de 1.686 individuos con los criterios de inclusión. El total de 60 individuos presentaron criterios de exclusión. Los 502 pacientes restantes (el 52% varones, edad promedio de 65 años, el 69% cardiópatas y el 50% con enfermedad aterosclerótica se sometieron a 1.053 MSC. La cantidad de dos pacientes presentaron complicaciones (0,4%; IC95%:0%-0,9%. Un varón de 71 años presentó monoparesia del brazo izquierdo con regresión completa en 30 minutos. Otro varón, de 56 años, presentó hemianopsia homónima izquierda, que retrocedió en 7 días. CONCLUSIÓN: La incidencia de complicaciones relacionadas al MSC resultó pequeña, particularmente cuando se consideró que la población sometida a la maniobra era anciana y con alta prevalencia tanto de cardiopatía estructural como de enfermedad aterosclerótica.BACKGROUND: The carotid sinus massage (CSM is a simple and low-cost technique with many indications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety of CSM in outpatients with high prevalence of atherosclerotic disease and cardiopathy. METHODS: A transversal study. Inclusion criteria: Outpatients aged >50 years, referred for ECG. Exclusion criteria: Individuals that refused to participate in a study on the

  3. Kidney function during common carotid artery occlusion in anaesthetized cats: influence of vagotomy, constant ventilation, blood pressure stabilization, and carotid body chemoreceptor inactivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honig, A; Schmidt, M; Arndt, H; Hanus, U; Kranz, G; Rogoll, I

    1985-01-01

    The reactions of kidney function elicited by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion were studied in six groups of chloralosed cats in which the Nn. vagi, the breathing reaction, the increase of the mean systemic arterial blood pressure, and the carotid body chemoreceptors were excluded successively. Carotid occlusion in the control animals caused a rise of the mean systemic arterial blood pressure, hyperventilation, and an increase in renal sodium and water excretion, resulting from an inhibition of tubular reabsorption. Bilateral cervical vagotomy, relaxation and constant artificial ventilation only slightly modified this renal response. Inactivation of the carotid body chemoreceptors in vagotomized and constantly ventilated cats attenuated the natriuresis due to carotid occlusion regardless of the behaviour of the renal perfusion pressure. On the other hand, keeping the mean arterial blood pressure during carotid occlusion constant by the bleeding technique also reduced the natriuretic reaction. Cats with both inactivated carotid body chemoreceptors and constant renal perfusion pressure exhibited an antinatriuretic reaction during carotid clamping. From these data it is concluded that in narcotized cats the natriuretic response during carotid occlusion is the result of both a stimulation of the carotid body chemoreceptors and the rise of the renal perfusion pressure. In contrast, in dogs this so-called carotid-sinus-polyuria seems to be induced solely by the increase of the systemic arterial blood pressure. The findings additionally indicated that the arterial chemoreceptors may be involved in the physiological daily control of renal sodium excretion already at normal arterial oxygen tension under sea-level conditions.

  4. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses uses special x-ray equipment to evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, air-filled spaces within the bones of the face surrounding the ...

  5. Approaching chronic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarber, Kathleen M; Dion, Gregory Robert; Weitzel, Erik K; McMains, Kevin C

    2013-11-01

    Chronic sinusitis is a common disease that encompasses a number of syndromes that are characterized by sinonasal mucosal inflammation. Chronic sinusitis can be defined as two or more of the following symptoms lasting for more than 12 consecutive weeks: discolored rhinorrhea, postnasal drip, nasal obstruction, facial pressure or pain, or decreased sense of smell. Chronic sinusitis is further classified as chronic sinusitis with polyposis, chronic sinusitis without polyposis, or allergic fungal sinusitis using physical examination, and histologic and radiographic findings. Treatment methods for chronic sinusitis are based upon categorization of the disease and include oral and inhaled corticosteroids, nasal saline irrigations, and antibiotics in selected patients. Understanding the various forms of chronic sinusitis and managing and ruling out comorbidities are key to successful management of this common disorder.

  6. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... are the limitations of CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed ... nasal cavity by small openings. top of page What are some common uses of the procedure? CT ...

  7. [Maxillary sinus hypoplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaza, G; Ferrando, J; Martel, J; Toledano, A; de los Santos, G

    2001-03-01

    Maxillary sinus hypoplasia is rare, with an estimated prevalence of 1-5%. Out of the CT scans performed in sinusal patients between March 1998 and June 1999, we report on 4 isolated maxillary sinus hypoplasia, 4 maxillary sinus hypoplasia associated to concha bullosa, and 10 isolated conchae bullosas. All cases were evaluated by nasosinusal endoscopy and CT scan. Size, location and uni/bilateral presentation of concha bullosa is correlated to maxillary sinus hypoplasia presence, specially with regards to uncinate process presence, medial or lateral retraction. The pathogenesis of maxillary sinus hypoplasia is reviewed, and its relation to concha bullosa, evaluating how this could explain some cases of the so called chronic maxillary sinus atelectasia, as an acquired and progressive variant of maxillary sinus hypoplasia in adults.

  8. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a patient's paranasal sinus cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces located within the bones of the face and surrounding the nasal cavity , a system of air channels connecting the nose with the ...

  9. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... determining if the sinuses are obstructed and the best imaging modality for sinusitis. Tell your doctor if ... over time. Follow-up examinations are sometimes the best way to see if treatment is working or ...

  10. Cavernous sinus thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001628.htm Cavernous sinus thrombosis To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a blood clot in an ...

  11. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, air-filled spaces within the bones of the face surrounding the ... cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces located within the bones of the face and ...

  12. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... view of the body's interior. Refinements in detector technology allow nearly all CT scanners to obtain multiple ... modality for sinusitis. CT of the sinuses is now widely available and is performed in a relatively ...

  13. Carotid Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... head with blood. If you have carotid artery disease, the arteries become narrow or blocked, usually because ... other substances found in the blood. Carotid artery disease is serious because it can block the blood ...

  14. Pacing as a Treatment for Reflex-Mediated (Vasovagal, Situational, or Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity) Syncope: A Systematic Review for the 2017 ACC/AHA/HRS Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Patients With Syncope: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varosy, Paul D; Chen, Lin Y; Miller, Amy L; Noseworthy, Peter A; Slotwiner, David J; Thiruganasambandamoorthy, Venkatesh

    2017-08-01

    To determine, using systematic review of the biomedical literature, whether pacing reduces risk of recurrent syncope and relevant clinical outcomes among adult patients with reflex-mediated syncope. MEDLINE (through PubMed), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (through October 7, 2015) were searched for randomized trials and observational studies examining pacing and syncope, and the bibliographies of known systematic reviews were also examined. Studies were rejected for poor-quality study methods and for the lack of the population, intervention, comparator, or outcome(s) of interest. Of 3,188 citations reviewed, 10 studies met the inclusion criteria for systematic review, including a total of 676 patients. These included 9 randomized trials and 1 observational study. Of the 10 studies, 4 addressed patients with carotid sinus hypersensitivity, and the remaining 6 addressed vasovagal syncope. Among the 6 open-label (unblinded) studies, we found that pacing was associated with a 70% reduction in recurrent syncope (relative risk [RR]: 0.30; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.15-0.60). When the 2 analyzable studies with double-blinded methodology were considered separately, there was no clear benefit (RR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.25-2.1), but confidence intervals were wide. The strongest evidence was from the randomized, double-blinded ISSUE-3 (Third International Study on Syncope of Uncertain Etiology) trial, which demonstrated a benefit of pacing among patients with recurrent syncope and asystole documented by implantable loop recorder. There are limited data with substantive evidence of outcome ascertainment bias, and only 2 studies with a double-blinded study design have been conducted. The evidence does not support the use of pacing for reflex-mediated syncope beyond patients with recurrent vasovagal syncope and asystole documented by implantable loop recorder. Copyright © 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association

  15. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the limitations of CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known as a ... top of page What are some common uses of the procedure? CT of the sinuses is primarily ...

  16. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Videos About Us News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses Computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses uses special x-ray equipment to evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, air-filled spaces within the bones of ...

  17. Carotid artery surgery - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... right- and left-internal carotid arteries, and the right- and left-external carotid arteries. The carotid arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood from the heart to both the head and brain. Review Date 6/1/2015 Updated by: Daniel ...

  18. Ruptured Persistent Trigeminal Artery Causing Direct Cavernous Sinus Fistula Treated with Pipeline Embolization and Minimal Coiling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Nam K; Awad, Al-Wala; Gee, James M; Taussky, Philipp

    2018-01-01

    Rupture of a persistent trigeminal artery associated with development of a cavernous sinus fistula in a traumatic setting is rare. These arteries are typically treated with coil embolization of the cavernous sinus. We present the case of a 42-year-old woman who developed a direct cavernous carotid fistula after a motor vehicle accident. Angiographic imaging revealed a rupture point of a persistent trigeminal artery as it connected with the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery, causing a cavernous sinus fistula. Coiling of the cavernous sinus was abandoned after placement of 1 coil because of coil herniation into the internal carotid artery. A Pipeline embolization device was placed to oppose the coil against the intima and keep the lumen open. The combination of coil embolization and flow diversion acutely decreased the fistulous flow. Surprisingly, an angiographic follow-up at 6 months showed complete fistula occlusion despite placement of only 1 coil into the cavernous sinus. We report a rare case where undercoiling of the cavernous sinus occluded a cavernous sinus fistula because of the adjunct use of a Pipeline embolization device in the presence of a traumatic rupture of a persistent trigeminal artery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Allergic Fungal Sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correll, Daniel P; Luzi, Scott A; Nelson, Brenda L

    2015-12-01

    A 42 year old male presents with worsening pain and an increase in thick chronic drainage of the left sinus. Image studies show complete opacification of the left frontal sinus, left sphenoid sinus, and the left maxillary sinus. The patient was taken to the operating room and tissue for microscopic evaluation was obtained. The microscopic findings were classic for allergic fungal sinusitis: areas of alternating mucinous material and inflammatory cell debris and abundant Charcot-Leyden crystals. Cultures were performed and the patient began steroid therapy and desensitization therapy.

  20. Clinical spectrum of spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Das Jayanta

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF is an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. A CCF is divided into two categories, direct and indirect. Direct fistulas usually account for 70 to 90% of all CCF. Spontaneous, low-flow fistulas are usually associated with atherosclerosis, hypertension and collagen vascular disease or may develop in females during peripartum period. The elderly age group, especially women are at increased risk. We report three cases of spontaneous CCF presenting with ocular manifestations and hypertension, without any collagen vascular disease. One case was a direct variety and the other two were of indirect variety.

  1. Dural arteriovenous fistulas of the cavernous sinus - clinical case and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiriac A.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of our article is to present the results of our treatment of dural arteriovenous fistula of the cavernous sinus by glue embolization of the external carotid artery feeders. By this case presentation we try to clarify the clinical course, with the dural carotid cavernous fistula (CCF, characterizing a pallet of symptoms, paying special attention to radiological finding and endovascular treatment.

  2. Case report: Thrombosed giant cavernous carotid artery aneurysm secondary to cervical internal carotid artery dissection: An unusual entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin S Baldawa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous thrombosis of a giant intracranial aneurysm with parent artery occlusion is known. The exact mechanism is however unclear and various theories have been proposed. We present an unusual case of an angiographically documented cervical internal carotid artery (ICA dissection, which led to total occlusion of the ICA distal to the dissected site, with acute cessation of forward blood flow. This resulted in acute upstream thrombosis of the giant cavernous carotid artery aneurysm and an acute cavernous sinus syndrome-like presentation.

  3. Superior Ophthalmic Vein Access for Embolization of an Indirect Carotid Cavernous Fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haider, Ali S; Garg, Prabhat; Leonard, Dean; Osumah, Tijani; Khan, Umair; Vayalumkal, Steven; Lee, Lyndon K; Nguyen, Phu; Gilliland, Grant; Layton, Kennith F

    2017-09-01

    Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) are defined as abnormal connections between the carotid circulation and cavernous sinus. CCFs can be categorized as being direct or indirect. Direct CCFs are usually associated with trauma, whereas indirect CCFs are associated with revascularization following cavernous sinus thrombosis. We present a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with tinnitus, proptosis, conjunctivitis, and blurry vision. The patient had a recent endovascular transvenous embolization that was only partially successful, with a residual carotid cavernous fistula draining to the left superior ophthalmic vein and multiple cortical veins. A physical examination of the patient showed elevated intraocular pressures bilaterally. The patient had a high-flow indirect carotid cavernous fistula with bilateral superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) and retrograde cortical vein drainage. The SOV was punctured with a micropuncture needle and was used to successfully gain access to the cavernous sinus. Multiple coils were placed in the posterior aspect of the sinus until there was complete occlusion of venous flow. Coils were packed up to the posterior aspect of the orbit near the junction of the cavernous sinus with the SOV, and the embolization was successful. Indirect CCFs have gradual onset and are usually low-flow. Low-flow CCFs might improve with medical management.Some CCFs may cause ocular manifestations and can be symptomatically managed with prism therapy or ocular patching for diplopia, lubrication for keratopathy, or topical agents for elevated intraocular pressures. However, patients presenting with persistent ocular morbidity may require surgical or endovascular intervention.

  4. Tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses

    OpenAIRE

    Sanehi, S.; Dravid, Chandrashekhar; Chaudhary, Neena; Venkatachalam, V. P.

    2008-01-01

    Nasal tuberculosis is very rare but much rarer is tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses. It involves especially the maxillary sinus and is usually unilateral. We report an unusual case of tuberculosis of frontal and maxillary sinus in a 68 years old male, who presented with a swelling above left medial canthus, with no other eye or nasal complaints. Clinical and radiological findings on our initial evaluation suggested that the patient had left frontal mucocoele with bilateral maxillary haziness....

  5. Mycetoma sans sinuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saha Sudipta

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycetoma is a chronic suppurative infection involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue and bone. The hallmark of mycetoma is tumefaction, draining sinuses and the presence of microcolonies called grains. Sinuses develop in all patients with mycetoma within a year of the appearance of the lesion. The following case is reported as no sinuses had developed despite the presence of the lesion for 9 years, posing a diagnostic dilemma.

  6. Cavernous sinus invasion by pituitary macroadenomas: neuroradiological, clinical and surgical correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CUKIERT ARTHUR

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The classical imaging gold-standard for this diagnosis is the presence of tumor lateral to the carotid artery. Seventeen patients with pituitary macroadenomas with intraoperative confirmation of cavernous sinus invasion were studied with MRI. Only 8 patients had tumor lateral to the carotid artery; 13 had tumor within the carotid syphon and all lacked the ring enhancement of the medial wall of the cavernous sinus. In 10 patients, widening of the posterior double leaflets of the cavernous sinus could be. All patients were operated by the transesphenoidal route. Only one patient was cured by surgery alone. Only 3 patients disclosing the above mentioned MRI features were identified in a series of 250 patients and did not have cavernous sinus invasion. The present criteria proved to be useful in the pre-operative diagnosis of cavenous sinus invasion and patients' counselling. Pre-operative diagnosis of cavernous sinus invasion of pituitary tumors has a great impact in the management of such patients.

  7. The superior ophthalmic vein approach for the treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas: our first experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiriac A.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Complex cavernous sinus fistulae (CCF are still a technical challenge to neurovascular team. The most commonly performed treatment consists in endovascular embolization of the lesion through an arterial or venous approach. Not always these conventional routes are feasible, requiring alternative routes. We report a case of a 44-year-old woman with a complex indirect (Barrow D carotid cavernous sinus fistula treated by two interventional sessions that imposing a retrograde direct transvenous approach via the superior ophthalmic vein.

  8. Spontaneous Direct Carotid-Cavernous Fistula in an Elderly Patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirakov Stanimir S.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available We describe the case of an 83-year-old woman with left-sided ophthalmoplegia. She had no family history of connective tissue disease. The computed tomography study found a dilated left cavernous sinus. The conventional cerebral panangiography confirmed the diagnosis - a direct carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF, with no evidence of ruptured aneurysm. The woman underwent endovascular treatment with coiling of the cavernous sinus in combination with application of the Onyx embolic agent in the fistula. During the first 48 hours after the embolization the local pain, exophthalmos and conjunctival injection of the left eye were significantly ameliorated. The pulsatile tinnitus on the left disappeared and the ptosis of the left eyelid partially recovered. Selective angiography is the best method for the diagnosis and classification of CCF. Currently, treatment is possible with low mortality and morbidity rates. The endovascular intervention is able to completely occlude the fistula and maintain adequate blood fl ow through the carotid artery.

  9. Pilonidal Sinus of the Penis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh F. O'Kane

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A pilonidal sinus is a subcutaneous sinus containing hair. It is most commonly found in the natal cleft of hirsute men. Here we describe the unusual finding of a pilonidal sinus arising on the male foreskin.

  10. Carotid Stump Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lara Toufic Dakhoul MD

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To highlight the case of a patient with multiple transient ischemic attacks and visual disturbances diagnosed with carotid stump syndrome and managed with endovascular approach. Case Presentation. We present the case of a carotid stump syndrome in an elderly patient found to have moderate left internal carotid artery stenosis in response to an advertisement for carotid screening. After a medical therapeutic approach and a close follow-up, transient ischemic attacks recurred. Computed tomographic angiography showed an occlusion of the left internal carotid artery and the presence of moderate stenosis in the right internal carotid artery, which was treated by endovascular stenting and balloon insertion. One month later, the patient presented with visual disturbances due to the left carotid stump and severe stenosis of the left external carotid artery that was reapproached by endovascular stenting. Conclusion. Considerations should be given to the carotid stump syndrome as a source of emboli for ischemic strokes, and vascular assessment could be used to detect and treat this syndrome.

  11. Carotid artery stenting; Karotisangioplastie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fiehler, Jens [Universitaetsklinikum Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neuroradiologische Diagnostik und Intervention, Diagnostikzentrum

    2009-09-15

    An ipsilateral stenosis of the internal carotid artery is found in 10 - 15 % of all ischemic strokes and indicates an increased risk of a second stroke. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a therapy that is established for many years. CAS reveals complication rates and long-term efficacy comparable to carotid endarterectomy (TEA). Especially younger patients seem to benefit from CAS. Abilities and experiences of the therapist and the choice of the techniques used are critical for patient safety. The efficacy of CAS for treatment of asymptomatic carotid stenosis is probable but still unproven in prospective-randomized trial. (orig.)

  12. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Computed tomography (CT) of the sinuses uses special x-ray equipment to evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, ... is a diagnostic medical test that, like traditional x-rays, produces multiple images or pictures of the inside ...

  13. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... are the limitations of CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known as a CT or CAT scan, is a diagnostic medical test that, like traditional x-rays, produces multiple images or pictures of the inside of ...

  14. Odontogene sinusitis maxillaris

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijerman, J.E.

    1972-01-01

    Een oroantrale fistel blijkt in 51,7% der gevallen geleid te hebben tot een chronische en slechts in 29,2% tot een acute sinusitis (tabel 7 blz.72). Een verklaring hiervoor is vermoedelijk de goede drainagemogelijkheid van de sinus doordat het ostium meestal open is en bovendien afvoer van de pus

  15. Treatment of a direct carotid-cavernous fistula in a patient with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: a novel approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollands, J.K.; Santarius, T.; Kirkpatrick, P.J. [Addenbrooke' s Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Higgins, J.N. [Addenbrooke' s Hospital, Department of Neuroradiology, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-15

    We report a case of a 34-year-old female with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome diagnosed with a carotid cavernous fistula presenting with progressive proptosis. Endovascular embolization using balloons or coils carries a high risk of complications in this group of patients, owing to the extreme fragility of the blood vessels. Initial treatment was conservative until an intracerebral haemorrhage occurred. To avoid transfemoral angiography, the ipsilateral carotid arteries and the internal jugular vein were surgically exposed for insertion of two endovascular sheaths. The patient was transferred from theatre to the angiography suite and the sheaths were used for embolization access. The fistula was closed, with preservation of the carotid artery, using Guglielmi detachable coils deployed in the cavernous sinus from the arterial and venous sides. Rapid resolution of symptoms and signs followed, which was sustained at 6-month follow-up. This technique offers alternative access for endovascular treatment, which may reduce the high incidence of mortality associated with catheter angiography in this condition. (orig.)

  16. Visualization of the superior opthalmic vein on carotid angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Servo, A.

    1982-05-01

    Visualization of the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) on carotid angiography was investigated based on a prospective sample of 452 carotid angiograms performed during one year. The SOV with normal blood flow direction, from facial veins into the cavernous sinus (CS), was seen on 26% and with reversed flow direction in 7% of the angiograms. A hypothesis was suggested that the anatomical variations of the moddle cerebral (MCV) and uncal veins (UV) affected the visualization. When both the MCV and UV drained into the CS, the SOV was seen in 11% of 179 angiograms. If the MCV and UV bypassed the CS, the SOV was seen on 51% of 118 angiograms. The difference is significant. Intubation of the patient increased the visualization of the SOV with normal flow direction but did not affect the visualization of the SOV with reversed flow. No SOV with normal blood flow direction was seen on selective internal carotid angiography.

  17. Sphenoid sinus barotrauma in diving: case series and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schipke, Jochen D; Cleveland, Sinclair; Drees, Markus

    2018-01-01

    About 50% of scuba divers have suffered from barotrauma of the ears and about one-third from barotrauma of paranasal sinuses. The sphenoid sinuses are rarely involved. Vital structures, as internal carotid artery and optic nerve, adjoin the sphenoid sinus. Thus, barotrauma could lead to serious neurologic disorders, including blindness. After searching the literature (Medline) and other sources (Internet), we present some cases of sphenoid sinus barotrauma, because these injuries may be underreported and misdiagnosed due to the lack of awareness and knowledge. Therefore, information is provided, e.g. on anatomical and pathophysiological features. Divers and physicians should have in mind that occasional headache during or after diving sometimes signals serious neurological disorders like vision loss. We show that injuries can develop from both negative and positive pressures in the sinuses. Because visual recovery depends on prompt diagnosis and proper therapy, physicians like otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists and neurologists need to closely collaborate.

  18. Drugs and pacemakers for vasovagal, carotid sinus and situational syncope

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romme, Jacobus J. C. M.; Reitsma, Johannes B.; Black, Catherine N.; Colman, Nancy; Scholten, Rob J. P. M.; Wieling, Wouter; van Dijk, Nynke

    2011-01-01

    Background Neurally mediated reflex syncope is the most common cause of transient loss of consciousness. In patients not responding to nonpharmacological treatment, pharmacological or pacemaker treatment might be considered. Objectives To examine the effects of pharmacological therapy and pacemaker

  19. Carotid stenting and endarterectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yip, Hon-Kan; Sung, Pei-Hsun; Wu, Chiung-Jen; Yu, Cheuk-Man

    2016-07-01

    Stroke, either ischemic or hemorrhagic, remains the second commonest cause of death worldwide in the last decade. Etiologies for ischemic stroke (IS) vary widely. Atherothrombotic occlusion is an essential cause to which carotid artery stenosis (CAS) is a major contributor. Administration of anti-platelet agent to patients with CAS has been shown to reduce incidence of long-term IS. In additional, in patients with symptomatic CAS, clinical trials have demonstrated that carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is superior to medical therapy for prevention of future CAS-related IS. However, CEA is not suitable for CAS post-radiotherapy or those located at higher level of the internal carotid artery; and major complications of this procedure including cranial nerve injuries have stimulated the interest of using percutaneous transfemoral carotid stenting as an alternative approach. Although transfemoral arterial approach of carotid stenting is not inferior to CEA in improving clinical outcomes, it has been reported to be associated with vascular complication and has its limitations in patients with athero-occlusive disease of abdominal aorta or bilateral iliac arteries, level II or III aortic arch, or bovine type carotid arterial anatomy. Therefore, transradial/transbrachial arterial approach has emerged as a novel method for carotid stenting. This article provides a critical review on interventional approaches for the treatment of CAS. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Current Approaches for Carotid Endarterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Köksal

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Permanent neurologic injuries and death following stroke, necessitates more vigorous treatment of carotid disease. Carotid stenting and carotid endarterectomy are treatment options in many centers besides medical treatment. Whether the patient is symptomatic or asymtomatic, indications and management strategies for treatment remain controversial. Despite the debate, carotid endarterectomy is still accepted to be the most efficientintervention to decrease risk of stroke due to carotid artery stenosis.

  1. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... x-ray equipment to evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, air-filled spaces within the bones of the face surrounding the nasal cavity. CT scanning is painless, noninvasive and accurate. It’s ...

  2. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... allows the body parts to be distinguished from one another on an x-ray film or CT ... benefits vs. risks? Benefits A CT scan is one of the safest means of studying the sinuses. ...

  3. Sinusitis in adults - aftercare

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... still have symptoms after taking all of your antibiotics properly. You have any changes in your vision. You notice small growths in your nose. Alternative Names Sinus infection - self-care; Rhinosinusitis - self-care ...

  4. Sinusitis (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... When the nasal congestion (stuffiness) associated with the common cold or allergies doesn't allow the sinuses to ... have dry coughs and find it hard to sleep. Others have upset stomachs or feel nauseous. Although ...

  5. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of the nasal cavity and sinuses. plan for surgery by defining anatomy. top of page How should ... CT scanning may eliminate the need for exploratory surgery and surgical biopsy. No radiation remains in a ...

  6. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... benefits vs. risks? Benefits A CT scan is one of the safest means of studying the sinuses. ... CT scanning provides very detailed images of many types of tissue as well as the lungs, bones, ...

  7. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and accurate. It’s also the most reliable imaging technique for determining if the sinuses are obstructed and ... to obtain images. For children, the CT scanner technique will be adjusted to their size and the ...

  8. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... presence of inflammatory diseases. provide additional information about tumors of the nasal cavity and sinuses. plan for ... Risks There is always a slight chance of cancer from excessive exposure to radiation. However, the benefit ...

  9. An incidental persistent falcine sinus with dominant straight sinus and hypoplastic distal superior sagittal sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manoj, Krishnan Sarojam [Metroscans, Trivandrum (India); Krishnamoorthy, Thamburaj; Thomas, Bejoy; Kapilamoorthy, Tirur Raman [Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Trivandrum (India)

    2006-01-01

    An incidental persistent falcine sinus was detected in an otherwise normal brain on MRI in a 12-year-old girl who underwent imaging after clinical suspicion of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. The falcine sinus was associated with a hypoplastic posterior third of the superior sagittal sinus and a dominant straight sinus. Generally, atresia or hypoplasia of the straight sinus is associated with a persistent falcine sinus in postnatal life; otherwise, the falcine sinus disappears before birth. We discuss the embryological basis for such an association in this case. (orig.)

  10. Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis, a Nonenhanced CT Diagnosis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Alsafi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Retrospectively evaluate the density of cerebral venous sinuses in nonenhanced head CTs (NCTs and correlate these with the presence or absence of a cerebral venous sinus thrombus (CVST. Materials and Methods. Institutional review board approval was obtained and informed consent waived prior to commencing this retrospective study. Over a two-year period, all CT venograms (CTVs performed at our institution were retrieved and the preceding/subsequent NCTs evaluated. Hounsfield Units (HUs of thrombus when present as well as that of normal superior sagittal and sigmoid sinuses were measured. HU of thrombus was compared to that of normal vessels with and without standardisation to the average HU of the internal carotid arteries. Results. 299 CTVs were retrieved, 26 with a thrombus. Both raw and standardised HU measurements were significantly higher in CVST (p<0.0001 compared to normal vessels. Both raw and standardised HUs are good predictors of CVST. A HU of ≥67 and a standardised measurement of ≥1.5 are associated with high probability of CVST on NCT. Conclusion. Cerebral venous sinus HU measurements may help improve sensitivity and specificity of NCT for venous sinus thrombosis and avoid potentially unnecessary follow-up examinations.

  11. Comparison between outcomes of carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting in treating elderly patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-fei CHEN

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To review the clinical data of elderly patients treated by carotid endarterectomy (CEA and carotid artery stenting (CAS, and analyze the safety of two kinds of surgery. Methods A total of 691 patients with carotid artery stenosis underwent CEA (121 cases and CAS (570 cases respectively. The risk factors, clinical symptoms and postoperative complications in 2 groups of patients were analyzed, and the safety of two kinds of surgery were assessed. Results After 30 d of operation, no significant difference was found between 2 groups in death rate (0.83% vs 1.05%, P = 1.000, stroke rate (4.13% vs 1.93% , P = 0.258 or myocardial infarction rate (0.83% vs 0, P = 0.175. Heart complications and cranial nerve injury rate in CEA group was significantly higher than that in CAS group (8.26% vs 1.05%, P = 0.000; 4.96% vs 0, P = 0.000, while sinus bradycardia or hypotension rate in CEA group was significantly lower than that in CAS group (0 vs 7.54%, P = 0.002. Conclusions Both CEA and CAS are safe for the elderly patients. However, the conditions of elderly patients should be evaluated before operation in order to reduce occurence of complications after operation.

  12. Carotid stenting versus carotid endarterectomy : Evidence basis and cost implications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, M. P.; de Borst, G. J.; Mali, W. P. Th. M.; Kappelle, L. J.; Moll, F. L.; Ackerstaff, R. G. A.; Rothwell, P. M.; Brown, M. M.; van Sambeek, M. R.; Buskens, E.

    Objective: Carotid Angioplasty combined with Stenting (CAS) is increasingly performed because of its presumed benefits. A study was performed to identify key factors that determine the cost-effectiveness as compared to conventional carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Methods: The incremental

  13. Eversion carotid endarterectomy generates fewer microemboli than standard carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mingyuan; Sillesen, H H; Lorentzen, Jørgen E

    2000-01-01

    to test whether the occurrence of microembolism differed between eversion and standard carotid endarterectomy (CEA).......to test whether the occurrence of microembolism differed between eversion and standard carotid endarterectomy (CEA)....

  14. [Endovascular management of cavernous sinus dural fistulas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenteno, Marco; Santos Franco, Jorge; Moscote-Salazar, Luis Rafael; Lee, Angel

    2014-01-01

    Describe the outcomes of patients diagnosed with indirect carotid-cavernous fistula treated by endovascular methods. A retrospective case series. Twelve patients with dural cavernous sinus fistula with important ophthalmologic involvement admitted and treated at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery between February 1990 and January 2005. Patients were managed by endovascular embolization for all fistulas. Angiographic controls to 24 hours and at 6 and 12 months were performed. 67 % were female and 33 % male. The mean age was 44 years. 67 % were spontaneous and 33% of traumatic origin. All patients had eye involvement with proptosis (92%) and involvement of the oculomotor nerve (67%). Headache and pulsatile tinnitus were not frequent ophthalmologic data. All were diagnosed by cerebral angiography, 33 % were type C, type D 67 %, and none of the type B classification Barrow. In 17 % of cases the distal arterial robbery showed severe. Predominance of anterior and superior venous drainage in 83 % and 42 % of cases occurred respectively. The surgical approach was arterial in 84% of cases, while in 17 % venous through the superior ophthalmic vein. Cyanoacrylate embolization material was used in 58 % of the cases, as it was associated with the use of removable ball with polyvinyl alcohol particles in 16 % in of venous approach cases. 17% detachable coils were utilized. There were no complications. After angiographic controls at 24 hours 100% occlusion was seen in patients treated with cyanoacrylate (58%) (p = 0.03). The remaining 42% were prescribed maneuver of manual compression. At 12-months angiography all patients had 100% occlusion of the carotid-cavernous fistula. CONCLSUIONS: This is the world's second largest series with indirect carotid-cavernous fistulas treated after trauma. 100 % of cases were cured with the use of a transarterial-controlled approach and N-butyl-cyanoacrylate after long-term observation.

  15. Tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanehi, S; Dravid, Chandrashekhar; Chaudhary, Neena; Venkatachalam, V P

    2008-03-01

    Nasal tuberculosis is very rare but much rarer is tuberculosis of paranasal sinuses. It involves especially the maxillary sinus and is usually unilateral. We report an unusual case of tuberculosis of frontal and maxillary sinus in a 68 years old male, who presented with a swelling above left medial canthus, with no other eye or nasal complaints. Clinical and radiological findings on our initial evaluation suggested that the patient had left frontal mucocoele with bilateral maxillary haziness. Diagnosis was established on FNAC report and subsequent Ziehl - Neelsen staining of nasal swabs and tuberculin skin test. Later chest x-ray examination was suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis, which was the primary cause. Patient responded well to antituberculosis drug therapy.

  16. Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Understanding Task Force Recommendations Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) ... final recommendation statement on Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis. This final recommendation statement applies to adults who ...

  17. Stent Placement for Carotid Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Perez, Rafael; Lownie, Stephen P; Pandey, Sachin K; Boulton, Mel R

    2017-02-01

    The carotid web is an intraluminal shelf-like projection arising from the posterior wall of the carotid bifurcation and an uncommon etiology of ischemic strokes. We describe the feasibility of endovascular stent placement to treat this condition. A 47-year-old woman presented with a sudden occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery. Computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography showed a carotid web in the ipsilateral carotid bifurcation. Treatment included mechanical thrombectomy for the middle cerebral artery occlusion and carotid stent placement to prevent further ischemic episodes from the carotid web. At the 6-month follow-up, good apposition of the stent against the artery wall was noted, and the patient was free of neurologic symptoms. Carotid artery stent placement is a feasible option in the management of carotid webs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Maxillary sinus augmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A B Tarun Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Placing dental implants in the maxillary posterior region can be both challenging and un-nerving for a regular implant dentist who is not well versed with advanced surgical procedures. It is vital for a general dentist to understand the fundamentals of bone grafting the maxillary sinus if he/she is really committed to providing the best health care for their patients. The dental practice is seeing an increasing group of patients who are living longer, and this group of older baby boomers often has an edentulous posterior maxilla either unilateral or bilateral. When edentulous, the posterior maxilla more likely has diminished bone height, which does not allow for the placement of dental implants without creating additional bone. Through grafting the maxillary sinus, bone of ideal quality can be created (allowing for placement of dental implants, which offer many advantages over other tooth replacement modalities. The sinus graft offers the dental patient a predictable procedure of regenerating lost osseous structure in the posterior maxilla. This offers the patient many advantages for long-term success. If dentists understand these concepts, they can better educate their patients and guide them to have the procedure performed. This article outlines bone grafting of the maxillary sinus for the purpose of placing dental implants. This review will help the readers to understand the intricacies of sinus augmentation. They can relate their patient's condition with the available literature and chalk out the best treatment plan for the patient, especially by using indirect sinus augmentation procedures which are less invasive and highly successful if done using prescribed technique.

  19. Cutaneous odontogenic sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, M J; Scott, M J

    1980-06-01

    A case report and discussion of cutaneous odontogenic sinus tracts, frequently encountered but often misdiagnosed and mistreated, are presented. Awareness that periapical dental abscesses are the most common etiologic factor of cutaneous sinus tracts involving the face and neck will facilitate their early diagnosis and prevent needless treatment or anxiety for the patient. These lesions are often misinterpreted as chronic, resistant to therapy, pyogenic nodules, or granulomas. A high degree of suspicion is required for making the correct diagnosis, and dental roentgenographic studies should routinely be obtained in all such lesions. Permanent healing cannot be achieved unless the original site of infection is located and eradicated.

  20. Antiplatelet Therapy in Carotid Artery Stenting and Carotid Endarterectomy in the Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial-2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huibers, A; Halliday, A; Bulbulia, R; Coppi, G; de Borst, G J|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/237108151

    OBJECTIVE: Strokes are infrequent but potentially serious complications following carotid intervention, but antiplatelet therapy can reduce these risks. There are currently no specific guidelines on dose or duration of peri-procedural antiplatelet treatment for patients undergoing carotid

  1. Carotid Artery Occlusion by Rhinoorbitocerebral Mucormycosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal Al-Otaibi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mucormycosis is the third most common invasive fungal infection that particularly occurs in immunocompromised patients. Intracranial and extracranial arteriovenous vasculopathy is a complication that makes this disease more complex and difficult to treat. We describe a 23-year-old female, who presented to her local hospital with acute blindness and diabetic ketoacidosis-induced coma requiring intensive care treatment. She was found to have lesions in the nasal sinuses, orbit, and frontal base. The left carotid artery was occluded from its origin in the neck to the supraclinoid segment and left cavernous sinus involvement. No cerebral infarction was noted. Biopsies obtained by endonasal debridement confirmed mucormycosis. In addition to antimicrobial therapy, she underwent several multidisciplinary approaches to treat her disease. Multiple endonasal, and cranial procedures were done including bilateral orbital exenteration. After prolonged treatment on the intensive care unit she made a remarkable recovery to the point where she was communicating verbally and had normal limb movements and later discharged home. She remained alive and well for two months, but later succumbed to a recurrence of her disease. In conclusion, mucormycosis-induced vasculopathy is a complex problem, which merits aggressive treatment of this invasive disease. It is normally regarded as an indicator of grave prognosis.

  2. Staged bilateral carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, T; Sillesen, H; Engell, Hans Christian

    1986-01-01

    In a series of 56 staged bilateral carotid endarterectomies, new neurologic symptoms developed in 5% and 20% following the first and second procedure, respectively. All complications were transient or minor. The incidence of postendarterectomy hypertension was significantly higher following...... the second procedure, when operations were staged less than 3 weeks apart. A correlation between these hypertensive episodes and the occurrence of new neurologic symptoms could not be shown. However, as this correlation has been proved in several other reports, bilateral carotid endarterectomy is advised...

  3. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Toggle navigation Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos ... thickened sinus membranes . detect the presence of inflammatory diseases. provide additional information about tumors of the nasal ...

  4. cerebral venous sinus thrombosis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-05-05

    May 5, 2010 ... day history of generalised tonic clonic seizures. The seizures were noted to last 5 minutes and followed ... the lateral and third ventricles was seen. Contrast enhanced CT scans showed the empty ... and absence of flow (Figure 3D) within the superior sagittal and right transverse sinuses. The patient was ...

  5. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... or thickened sinus membranes . detect the presence of inflammatory diseases. provide additional information about tumors of the nasal ... reduce the risk of an allergic reaction. These medications generally need ... of heart disease, asthma, diabetes, kidney disease or thyroid problems. Any ...

  6. CURRENT APPROACH TO SINUSITIS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    scopic or external spheno-eth- moidectomy. Complications of ABRS. Orbital complications are the most common complication of sinusitis. The Chandler classification gives a clinical approach to orbital inflamma- tion: • inflammatory oedema (lid oedema). • orbital cellulitis (diffuse oedema). • subperiosteal abscess (displace-.

  7. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Toggle navigation Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos About Us News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses ...

  8. Pediatric cavernous sinus thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vossough, Arastoo; Vorona, Gregory A.; Beslow, Lauren A.; Ichord, Rebecca N.; Licht, Daniel J.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe clinical characteristics, imaging findings, morbidity, and mortality in a single-center cohort of 12 pediatric cavernous sinus thrombosis cases and to review all cases available in recent English literature. Methods: Clinical data and radiographic studies on 12 cases from our institution were analyzed retrospectively. A literature search and review was conducted, with additional cases pooled with the new cohort for an aggregate analysis. Results: Twelve cases of cavernous sinus thrombosis in children from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013, were reviewed. All patients survived to discharge; 3 of 12 (25%) experienced neurologic morbidity. Contrast-enhanced MRI and contrast-enhanced head CT were 100% sensitive for detecting cavernous sinus thrombosis, while noncontrast time-of-flight magnetic resonance venography (TOF MRV) and noncontrast head CT were 0% sensitive. Literature review produced an additional 40 cases, and the aggregate mortality rate was 4 of 52 (8%) and morbidity rate was 10 of 40 (25%). Outcomes did not vary by treatment or with unilateral vs bilateral cavernous sinus involvement. There was a trend toward worse outcomes with fungal infections. Conclusion: Our case series demonstrates low morbidity and mortality with early, aggressive surgical, antimicrobial, and anticoagulation therapies. Although anticoagulation and surgery were not associated with significantly different outcomes, more study is needed. PMID:26231260

  9. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... quality for accurate interpretation. The actual CT scan takes less than a minute and the entire process ... tissue as well as the lungs, bones, and blood vessels. CT examinations are fast and ... is usually the first test ordered when a sinus tumor is suspected. If ...

  10. Carotid Artery Screening

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that look for inherited genetic markers linked to disease, and imaging tests that produce pictures of the inside of the body. These ... a risk factor. Risk factors for carotid artery disease include: age high blood pressure diabetes tobacco smoking high cholesterol coronary artery disease (CAD) obesity ...

  11. Carotid Baroreceptor Stimulation in Resistant Hypertension and Heart Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seravalle, Gino; Grassi, Guido

    2015-09-01

    A significant number of hypertensive subjects fail to achieve adequate blood pressure control despite adherence to maximal doses of several antihypertensive drugs. In the same way although medical and device therapies continue to improve the clinical course of heart failure patients, morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs remain high. Electrical stimulation of the carotid sinus is a new interesting approach for the treatment of resistant hypertension and heart failure. The purpose of this paper is to overview the argument starting from physiological background and evaluating the clinical results obtained with this approach in these pathophysiological conditions.

  12. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study) : an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ederle, Joerg; Dobson, Joanna; Featherstone, Roland L.; Bonati, Leo H.; van der Worp, H. Bart; de Borst, Gert J.; Lo, T. Hauw; Gaines, Peter; Dorman, Paul J.; Macdonald, Sumaira; Lyrer, Philippe A.; Hendriks, Johanna M.; McCollum, Charles; Nederkoorn, Paul J.; Brown, Martin M.; Algra, A.; Bamford, J.; Beard, J.; Bland, M.; Bradbury, A. W.; Brown, M. M.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Hacke, W.; Halliday, A.; Malik, I.; Mas, J. L.; McGuire, A. J.; Sidhu, P.; Venables, G.; Bradbury, A.; Brown, M. M.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Collins, R.; Molynewc, A.; Naylor, R.; Warlow, C.; Ferro, J. M.; Thomas, D.; Bonati, L. H.; Coward, L.; Dobson, J.; Ederle, J.; Featherstone, R. F.; Tindall, H.; McCabe, D. J. H.; Wallis, A.; Brooks, M.; Chambers, B.; Chan, A.; Chu, P.; Clark, D.; Dewey, H.; Donnan, G.; Fell, G.; Hoare, M.; Molan, M.; Roberts, A.; Roberts, N.; Beiles, B.; Bladin, C.; Clifford, C.; Fell, G.; Grigg, M.; New, G.; Bell, R.; Bower, S.; Chong, W.; Holt, M.; Saunder, A.; Than, P. G.; Gett, S.; Leggett, D.; McGahan, T.; Quinn, J.; Ray, M.; Wong, A.; Woodruff, P.; Foreman, R.; Schultz, D.; Scroop, R.; Stanley, B.; Allard, B.; Atkinson, N.; Cambell, W.; Davies, S.; Field, P.; Milne, P.; Mitchell, P.; Tress, B.; Yan, B.; Beasley, A.; Dunbabin, D.; Stary, D.; Walker, S.; Cras, P.; d'Archambeau, O.; Hendriks, J. M. H.; Van Schil, P.; Bosiers, M.; Deloose, K.; van Buggenhout, E.; De Letter, J.; Devos, V.; Ghekiere, J.; Vanhooren, G.; Astarci, P.; Hammer, F.; Lacroix, V.; Peeters, A.; Verhelst, R.; DeJaegher, L.; Peeters, A.; Verbist, J.; Blair, J-F; Caron, J. L.; Daneault, N.; Giroux, M-F; Guilbert, F.; Lanthier, S.; Lebrun, L-H; Oliva, V.; Raymond, J.; Roy, D.; Soulez, G.; Weill, A.; Hill, M.; Hu, W.; Hudion, M.; Morrish, W.; Sutherland, G.; Wong, J.; Alback, A.; Harno, H.; Ijas, P.; Kaste, M.; Lepantalo, M.; Mustanoja, S.; Paananen, T.; Porras, M.; Putaala, J.; Railo, M.; Sairanen, T.; Soinne, L.; Vehmas, A.; Vikatmaa, P.; Goertler, M.; Halloul, Z.; Skalej, M.; Brennan, P.; Kelly, C.; Leahy, A.; Moroney, J.; Thornton, J.; Koelemay, M. J. W.; Nederkoorn, P. J.; Reekers, J. A. A.; Roos, Y. B. W. E. M.; Hendriks, J. M.; Koudstaal, P. J.; Pattynama, P. M. T.; van der Lugt, A.; van Dijk, L. C.; van Sambeek, M. R. H. M.; van Urk, H.; Verhagen, H. J. M.; Bruininckx, C. M. A.; de Bruijn, S. F.; Keunen, R.; Knippenberg, B.; Mosch, A.; Treurniet, F.; van Dijk, L.; van Overhagen, H.; Wever, J.; de Beer, F. C.; van den Berg, J. S. P.; van Hasselt, B. A. A. M.; Zeilstra, D. J.; Boiten, J.; van Otterloo, J. C. A. de Mol; de Vries, A. C.; Nieholt, G. J. Lycklama A.; van der Kallen, B. F. W.; Blankensteijn, J. D.; De Leeuw, F. E.; Kool, L. J. Schultze; van der Vliet, J. A.; de Borst, G. J.; de Kort, G. A. P.; Kapelle, L. J.; Lo, T. H.; Mali, W. P. Th M.; Moll, F.; van der Worp, H. Bart; Verhagen, H.; Barber, P. A.; Bourchier, R.; Hill, A.; Holden, A.; Stewart, J.; Bakke, S. J.; Krohg-Sorensen, K.; Skjelland, M.; Tennoe, B.; Bialek, P.; Biejat, Z.; Czepiel, W.; Czlonkowska, A.; Dowzenko, A.; Jedrzejewska, J.; Kobayashi, A.; Lelek, M.; Polanski, J.; Kirbis, J.; Milosevic, Z.; Zvan, B.; Blasco, J.; Chamorro, A.; Macho, J.; Obach, V.; Riambau, V.; San Roman, L.; Branera, J.; Canovas, D.; Estela, Jordi; Gimenez Gaibar, A.; Perendreu, J.; Bjorses, K.; Gottsater, A.; Ivancev, K.; Maetzsch, T.; Sonesson, B.; Berg, B.; Delle, M.; Formgren, J.; Gillgren, P.; Kall, T-B; Konrad, P.; Nyman, N.; Takolander, R.; Andersson, T.; Malmstedt, J.; Soderman, M.; Wahlgren, C.; Wahlgren, N.; Binaghi, S.; Hirt, L.; Michel, P.; Ruchat, P.; Bonati, L. H.; Engelter, S. T.; Fluri, F.; Guerke, L.; Jacob, A. L.; Kirsch, E.; Lyrer, P. A.; Radue, E-W; Stierli, P.; Wasner, M.; Wetzel, S.; Bonvin, C.; Kalangos, A.; Lovblad, K.; Murith, N.; Ruefenacht, D.; Sztajzel, R.; Higgins, N.; Kirkpatrick, P. J.; Martin, P.; Adam, D.; Bell, J.; Bradbury, A. W.; Crowe, P.; Gannon, M.; Henderson, M. J.; Sandler, D.; Shinton, R. A.; Scriven, J. M.; Wilmink, T.; D'Souza, S.; Egun, A.; Guta, R.; Punekar, S.; Seriki, D. M.; Thomson, G.; Brennan, A.; Enevoldson, T. P.; Gilling-Smith, G.; Gould, D. A.; Harris, P. L.; McWilliams, R. G.; Nasser, H-C; White, R.; Prakash, K. G.; Serracino-Inglott, F.; Subramanian, G.; Symth, J. V.; Walker, M. G.; Clarke, M.; Davis, M.; Dixit, S. A.; Dolman, P.; Dyker, A.; Ford, G.; Golkar, A.; Jackson, R.; Jayakrishnan, V.; Lambert, D.; Lees, T.; Louw, S.; Macdonald, S.; Mendelow, A. D.; Rodgers, H.; Rose, J.; Stansby, G.; Wyatt, M.; Baker, T.; Baldwin, N.; Jones, L.; Mitchell, D.; Munro, E.; Thornton, M.; Baker, D.; Davis, N.; Hamilton, G.; McCabe, D.; Platts, A.; Tibballs, J.; Beard, J.; Cleveland, T.; Dodd, D.; Gaines, P.; Lonsdale, R.; Nair, R.; Nassef, A.; Nawaz, S.; Venables, G.; Belli, A.; Clifton, A.; Cloud, G.; Halliday, A.; Markus, H.; McFarland, R.; Morgan, R.; Pereira, A.; Thompson, A.; Chataway, J.; Cheshire, N.; Gibbs, R.; Hammady, M.; Jenkins, M.; Malik, I.; Wolfe, J.; Adiseshiah, M.; Bishop, C.; Brew, S.; Brookes, J.; Brown, M. M.; Jaeger, R.; Kitchen, N.; Ashleigh, R.; Butterfield, S.; Gamble, G. E.; McCollum, C.; Nasim, A.; O'Neill, P.; Wong, J.; Edwards, R. D.; Lees, K. R.; MacKay, A. J.; Moss, J.; Rogers, P.

    2010-01-01

    Background Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. Methods The International Carotid

  13. Endovascular Coil Occlusion of Traumatic Intradural Aneurysm with Presentation as Carotid Cavernous Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakshmi S P Karanam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF are abnormal communication between cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery and cavernous sinus. These entities are usually encountered in 0.2-0.8% of patients with traumatic skull base fractures. Traumatic cerebral aneurysms are rare and account for less than 1% of intracranial aneurysms. CCF due to ruptured intradural traumatic aneurysm is very rare and difficult to treat by surgical methods. We present one such case of a 40-year-old man with post-traumatic CCF due to a ruptured intradural aneurysm successfully treated with endovascular embolization.

  14. Carotid-Cavernous Fistula as a Complication of Facial Trauma: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaridou, Maria; Bourlidou, Eleni; Kontos, Konstantinos; Mangoudi, Doxa

    2014-01-01

    Posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula is a very rare complication that can occur in patients with craniomaxillofacial trauma. Symptoms involve headache, diplopia, ptosis of the upper lid, conjunctival chemosis, pulsating exophthalmos, and ophthalmoplegia. Diagnosis can be challenging because various pathologic entities can present with similar symptoms such as superior orbital fissure syndrome, orbital apex syndrome, retrobulbar hematoma, and cavernous sinus syndrome. However, accurate and early diagnosis is of utmost importance because treatment delay may lead to blindness or permanent neurologic deficits. In this article, a case of posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula that was twice misdiagnosed is presented. PMID:26269734

  15. Contralateral transvenous approach and embolization with 360° guglielmi detachable coils for the treatment of cavernous sinus dural fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenteno, Marco; Jorge, Santos-Franco; Rafael, Moscote-Salazar Luis; Raphael, AlvisMiranda Hernando; Gabriel, Alcala-Cerra; Ángel, Lee

    2015-01-01

    carotid-cavernous fistulas are spontaneours acquired connections between the carotid artery and the cavernous cavernous sinus, being classified as direct or indirect; being usually diagnosed in postmenopausal women, but are also associated with other pathoogies such as pregnancy, sinusitis and cavernous sinus thrombosis. They are clinically characterized by ophthalmological symptoms and pulsatile tinnitus. A 51-year-old woman who started her current condition about 4 years ago with pulsatile tinnitus, to which were added progressively: Pain, conjunctival erythema, right eye proptosis and the occasional headache of moderate intensity. Caotid-cavernous fistula wes diagnosed, for the technical difficulty inherent in the case was made a contralateral transvenous approach and embolization with 360° GDG coils, with successful evolution of the patient. The endovascular management of these lesions is currently possible with excellent results.

  16. Contralateral transvenous approach and embolization with 360° guglielmi detachable coils for the treatment of cavernous sinus dural fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenteno, Marco; Jorge, Santos-Franco; Rafael, Moscote-Salazar Luis; Raphael, AlvisMiranda Hernando; Gabriel, Alcala-Cerra; Ángel, Lee

    2015-01-01

    carotid-cavernous fistulas are spontaneours acquired connections between the carotid artery and the cavernous cavernous sinus, being classified as direct or indirect; being usually diagnosed in postmenopausal women, but are also associated with other pathoogies such as pregnancy, sinusitis and cavernous sinus thrombosis. They are clinically characterized by ophthalmological symptoms and pulsatile tinnitus. A 51-year-old woman who started her current condition about 4 years ago with pulsatile tinnitus, to which were added progressively: Pain, conjunctival erythema, right eye proptosis and the occasional headache of moderate intensity. Caotid-cavernous fistula wes diagnosed, for the technical difficulty inherent in the case was made a contralateral transvenous approach and embolization with 360° GDG coils, with successful evolution of the patient. The endovascular management of these lesions is currently possible with excellent results. PMID:25767589

  17. Perforation of the sinus membrane during sinus floor elevation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Arx, Thomas; Fodich, Ivo; Bornstein, Michael M

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical and radiogra......PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical...... and radiographic variables potentially influencing the risk of sinus membrane perforation were evaluated and divided into patient-related factors (age, sex, smoking habit); surgery-related factors (type of surgical approach, side, units, sites, and technique of osteotomy); and maxillary sinus-related factors...

  18. Treatment results of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in chronic sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naraghi M

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Endoscopic sinus surgery has been used for diagnosis and treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases of paranasal sinuses since recent years. Materials and Methods: In this study 104 patients with chronic sinusitis (with or without polyps which were managed with endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS were followed for 6 to 24 months after surgery (24 patients refused to continue follow up and the recovery rate of symptoms were evaluated. Results: The effectiveness of this therapy is statistically approved and the most important symptom which diminished was nasal obstruction (from 95 percent to 18.5 percent, the least important symptom which diminished was anosmia (from 57 percent to 21 percent. Conclusion: This study confirmed the efficacy of functional endoscopic sinus surgery in improvement of chronic sinusitis symptoms.

  19. Effects of maxillary sinus floor elevation surgery on maxillary sinus physiology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmenga, NM; Raghoebar, GM; Liem, RSB; van Weissenbruch, R; Manson, WL; Vissink, A

    In a prospective study, the effects of elevation surgery of the maxillary sinus floor on maxillary sinus physiology were assessed. Seventeen consecutive patients without preoperative anamnestic, clinical and radiological signs of maxillary sinusitis underwent sinus floor elevation surgery with iliac

  20. Carotid revascularization: risks and benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O'Brien M

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Marlene O'Brien, Ankur Chandra Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA Abstract: Despite a decline during the recent decades in stroke-related death, the incidence of stroke has remained unchanged or slightly increased, and extracranial carotid artery stenosis is implicated in 20%–30% of all strokes. Medical therapy and risk factor modification are first-line therapies for all patients with carotid occlusive disease. Evidence for the treatment of patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis greater than 70% with either carotid artery stenting (CAS or carotid endarterectomy (CEA is compelling, and several trials have demonstrated a benefit to carotid revascularization in the symptomatic patient population. Asymptomatic carotid stenosis is more controversial, with the largest trials only demonstrating a 1% per year risk stroke reduction with CEA. Although there are sufficient data to advocate for aggressive medical therapy as the primary mode of treatment for asymptomatic carotid stenosis, there are also data to suggest that certain patient populations will benefit from a stroke risk reduction with carotid revascularization. In the United States, consensus and practice guidelines dictate that CEA is reasonable in patients with high-grade asymptomatic stenosis, a reasonable life expectancy, and perioperative risk of less than 3%. Regarding CAS versus CEA, the best-available evidence demonstrates no difference between the two procedures in early perioperative stroke, myocardial infarction, or death, and no difference in 4-year ipsilateral stroke risk. However, because of the higher perioperative risks of stroke in patients undergoing CAS, particularly in symptomatic, female, or elderly patients, it is difficult to recommend CAS over CEA except in populations with prohibitive cardiac risk, previous carotid surgery, or prior neck radiation. Current treatment

  1. Carotid endarterectomy: The procedure of choice for carotid stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.V. Savitr Sastri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ischemic stroke is the commonest cause of neurological morbidity and mortality. Carotid endarterectomy has been shown to be beneficial in preventing ischemic strokes in patients with significant stenosis of the carotid artery, both in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Carotid artery stenting has been proposed as an alternative to CEA for this population. This paper reviews the available literature on carotid endarterectomy comparing it to the best medical therapy and carotid artery stenting in the prevention of ischemic strokes in patients with carotid stenosis. The use of newer imaging techniques and tools to redefine the existing idea of "asymptomatic" stenosis and post procedural strokes has also been reviewed. We present a concise review of existing data that shows unequivocally that endarterectomy still remains superior to stenting and best medical therapy as of now.

  2. OPTIMIZATION OF SECRETOLYTIC TREATMENT OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

    OpenAIRE

    S.V. Makarevich

    2008-01-01

    Efficiency of sinupret in children with acute sinusitis as a drug with serolytic action, is studied. it is established that secretolytic therapy in case of acute sinusitis, aimed at the improvement of drainage and ventilation function of paranasal sinuses, is one of the potentially productive directions of nonbinvasive methods of treatment of acute sinusitis.Key words: children, acute sinusitis, secretolytic treatment.

  3. Ethmomaxillary sinus: a particular anatomic variation of the paranasal sinuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sirikci, Akif; Bayram, Metin [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey); Bayazit, Y.A.; Kanlikama, Muzaffer [Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Kolejtepe, 27310, Gaziantep (Turkey)

    2004-02-01

    We assessed the morphological and radiological characteristics of ethmomaxillary sinus (EMS), which is an enlarged posterior ethmoidal air cell occupying the superior portion of the maxillary sinus while draining into superior meatus. This study is based on 1450 patients submitted to CT examination of the paranasal sinuses between 1998 and 2002. Sequential CT scans were obtained in the coronal plane in all the patients with 2.5- to 5-mm section thickness and were evaluated for EMS. The diagnosis of EMS was made when there was a posterior ethmoidal cell occupying the superior part of the maxillary sinus while draining to the superior meatus. When EMS was diagnosed, the morphology of the septum between the and maxillary sinus, and width of the superior meatus, were noted. The EMS was found in 10 of 1450 (0.7%) patients. The coexisting anatomic variations were concha bullosa (50%), upper concha pneumatization (20%), maxillary sinus hypoplasia (20%), uncinate bulla (10%), hypertrophied inferior concha (10%), paradoxic middle concha (10%), and septate maxillary sinus (10%). There was no relation between EMS and sinus disease. The EMS is a rare anatomic variation and does not appear to be associated with sinusitis. The EMS is not a well-studied anatomic variation, and the literature is lacking adequate information about this anatomic variation. This study performed in a large series of patients will possibly contribute to better understanding of this particular anomaly. (orig.)

  4. [Orbital complications of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šuchaň, M; Horňák, M; Kaliarik, L; Krempaská, S; Koštialová, T; Kovaľ, J

    2014-12-01

    Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery. The purpose of the study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical features and management of sinogenic orbital complications. Retrospective data of 8 patients with suspicion of orbital complication admited to hospital from 2008 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, CT findings, microbiology, clinical features, stage and treatment. Male and female were afected in rate 1,66:1. Most of patients were young adult in 3rd. and 4th. decade of life (62,5 %). Acute and chronic sinusitis were cause of orbital complication in the same rate. The most common origin of orbital complication was ethmoiditis (62,5 %), than maxillary (25 %) and frontal (12,5 %) sinusitis. Polysinusitis with affection of ethmoidal, maxillary and frontal sinuses (75 %) was usual CT finding. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus were etiological agens in half of cases. Periorbital oedema (100 %), proptosis, chemosis (50 %), diplopia and glaucoma (12,5 %) were observed. Based on examinations, diagnosis of periorbital oedema/preseptal cellulitis was made in 3 (37,5 %), orbital cellulitis in 3 (37,5 %) and subperiosteal abscess in 2 cases (25 %). All patients underwent combined therapy - i. v. antibiotics and surgery within 24 hours. Eradication of disease from ostiomeatal complex (OMC), drainage of affected sinuses and drainage of subperiosteal abscess were done via fuctional endonasal

  5. Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and stenting; CAS; Angioplasty - carotid artery; Carotid artery stenosis - angioplasty; ... Stenting versus endarterectomy for treatment of carotid-arery stenosis. N Engl J Med . 2010;363(1):11- ...

  6. Carotid artery stenosis -- self-care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000717.htm Carotid artery stenosis - self-care To use the sharing features on ... feel their pulse under your jawline. Carotid artery stenosis occurs when the carotid arteries become narrowed or ...

  7. Spontaneous carotid dissection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Dutra Queiroz Flumignan

    Full Text Available Summary Carotid dissection is a rare occurrence but it is the main cause of stroke in individuals aged less than 45 years, and can be the etiology in up to 25% of strokes in young adults. We report a case with classic image of ying yang on vascular ultrasound, which was treated according to the best available medical evidence, yielding a favorable outcome.

  8. Understanding Biofilms in Chronic Sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tajudeen, Bobby A; Schwartz, Joseph S; Palmer, James N

    2016-02-01

    Chronic sinusitis is a burdensome disease that has substantial individual and societal impact. Although great advances in medical and surgical therapies have been made, some patients continue to have recalcitrant infections. Microbial biofilms have been implicated as a cause of recalcitrant chronic sinusitis, and recent studies have tried to better understand the pathogenesis of chronic sinusitis as it relates to microbial biofilms. Here, we provide an overview of biofilms in chronic sinusitis with emphasis on pathogenesis, treatment, and future directions. In addition, recent evidence is presented, elucidating the role of bitter taste receptors as a possible key factor leading to biofilm formation.

  9. Mucocele of the sphenoid sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haloi, Achyut K.; Ditchfield, Michael [Royal Children' s Hospital, Department of Medical Imaging, Melbourne (Australia); Maixner, Wirginia [Royal Children' s Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Melbourne (Australia)

    2006-09-15

    The sphenoid sinus is the least common site of mucocele of all paranasal sinuses. It is very rare in children, especially in those younger than 12 years when pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus is completed. We report a case of histologically proven sphenoidal mucocele in a 5-year-old child. The child presented with an acute onset of significant visual impairment and headache. His vision gradually improved after trans-nasal sphenoidotomy and drainage of the sinus content with return of complete normal baseline vision after 2 months. (orig.)

  10. Intracranial Complications of Pediatric Sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiersma, Alexandria J; Vu, Tien

    2017-06-13

    "Headache and fever" is a common presentation to the urgent care and emergency department setting and can have many etiologies. We present a case of a 10-year-old girl who presented with headache and fever and was found to have intracranial extension of sinusitis despite lack of typical sinus or chronic upper respiratory tract infection symptoms. This case illustrates the need in the emergency department or urgent care to keep a broad differential diagnosis for pediatric headache, especially when initial interventions are unsuccessful. We also review the epidemiology of pediatric sinusitis, age at sinus development, and associated intracranial complications.

  11. Sinus Infection and Toothache: Any Connection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sinus infection cause a toothache? Answers from Alan Carr, D.M.D. Yes, a sinus infection (sinusitis) ... problem is contributing to the toothache. With Alan Carr, D.M.D. References Longo DL, et al., ...

  12. Elevated Intraocular Pressure due to Arteriovenous Fistula between External Carotid Artery and Facial Vein

    OpenAIRE

    Halil Huseyin Cagatay; Metin Ekinci; Selam Yekta Sendul; Ceylan Uslu; Mehmet Demir; Sıtkı Mert Ulusay; Ender Uysal; Selma Şeker

    2014-01-01

    Aqueous outflow via the conventional outflow pathway is dependent on the pressure gradient between intraocular pressure (IOP) and episcleral venous pressure (EVP). Elevated IOP resulting from increased EVP is a well-known complication of arteriovenous fistulas, which are usually between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Arteriovenous malformations usually occur spontaneously, after a trauma or from iatrogenic causes, and they manifest with findings of chemosis, dilatation of the con...

  13. Serial MRI of a mycotic aneurysm of the cavernous carotid artery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cloud, G.C.; Markus, H.S. [Division of Clinical Neuroscience, St George' s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE (United Kingdom); Rich, P.M. [Department of Neuroradiology, Atkinson Morley' s Hospital, Copse Hill, London SW20 0NE (United Kingdom)

    2003-08-01

    Cerebral mycotic or infective aneurysms are a rare complication of infectious illness, and such aneurysms of the intracavernous portion of the internal carotid artery are rare. They have been described as a consequence of cavernous sinus infection in an immunocompromised host, but not previously in a renal transplant recipient. We present such a case with serial MRI showing progression from arterial narrowing to aneurysm formation. Transcranial Doppler sonography of the middle cerebral artery showed distal asymptomatic embolisation from the aneurysm. (orig.)

  14. The cavernous sinus in cluster headache - a quantitative structural magnetic resonance imaging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkink, Enrico B; Schoonman, Guus G; van Vliet, Jorine A; Bakels, Hannah S; Sneeboer, Marjolein Am; Haan, Joost; van Buchem, Mark A; Ferrari, Michel D; Kruit, Mark C

    2017-03-01

    Background It has been hypothesized that a constitutionally narrow cavernous sinus might predispose individuals to cluster headache. Cavernous sinus dimensions, however, have never been assessed. Methods In this case-control study, we measured the dimensions of the cavernous sinus, skull base, internal carotid and pituitary gland with high-resolution T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in 25 episodic, 24 chronic and 13 probable cluster headache patients, 8 chronic paroxysmal hemicrania patients and 22 headache-free controls. Dimensions were compared between groups, correcting for age, sex and transcranial diameter. Results On qualitative inspection, no relevant pathology or anatomic variants that were previously associated with cluster headache or chronic paroxysmal hemicranias were observed in the cavernous sinus or paracavernous structures. The left-to-right transcranial diameter at the temporal fossa level (mean ± SD) was larger in the headache groups (episodic cluster headache: 147.5 ± 7.3 mm, p = 0.044; chronic cluster headache: 150.2 ± 7.3 mm, p cavernous sinus and surrounding structures between headache patients and controls. Conclusion Patients with cluster headache or chronic paroxysmal hemicrania had wider skulls than headache-free controls, but the proportional dimensions of the cavernous sinus were similar.

  15. Acute bacterial sinusitis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMuri, Gregory; Wald, Ellen R

    2013-10-01

    On the basis of strong research evidence, the pathogenesis of sinusitis involves 3 key factors: sinusostia obstruction, ciliary dysfunction, and thickening of sinus secretions. On the basis of studies of the microbiology of otitis media, H influenzae is playing an increasingly important role in the etiology of sinusitis, exceeding that of S pneumoniae in some areas, and b-lactamase production by H influenzae is increasing in respiratory isolates in the United States. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,the presentation of acute bacterial sinusitis conforms to 1 of 3 predicable patterns; persistent, severe, and worsening symptoms. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,the diagnosis of sinusitis should be made by applying strict clinical criteria. This approach will select children with upper respiratory infection symptoms who are most likely to benefit from an antibiotic. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,imaging is not indicated routinely in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging provides useful information when complications of sinusitis are suspected. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,amoxicillin-clavulanate should be considered asa first-line agent for the treatment of sinusitis.

  16. Managing acute invasive fungal sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyhalo, Kristina M; Donald, Carrlene; Mendez, Anthony; Hoxworth, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Acute invasive fungal sinusitis is the most aggressive form of fungal sinusitis and can be fatal, especially in patients who are immunosuppressed. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial and potentially lifesaving, so primary care providers must maintain a high index of suspicion for this disease. Patients may need to be admitted to the hospital for IV antifungal therapy and surgical debridement.

  17. A case of extramedullary plasmacytoma in the sphenoid sinus with unilateral loss of vision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, Süleyman; Tarkan, Ozgür; Tuncer, Ulkü; Sürmelioğlu, Ozgür; Doğrusöz, Murat; Ergin, Melek

    2013-03-01

    Extramedullary plasmacytomas are localized tumours formed of monoclonal plasma cells in an extra-skeletal area. They constitute approximately 3% of all neoplasms originating from plasma cells. They generally display a destructive course. When the literature in English was reviewed, only 19 cases with the primary disease localized in the sphenoid sinus were found. We present the case of a 50-year-old male patient who presented with gradually increasing visual loss over 6 weeks, whose radiological tests revealed a formation of mass in the sphenoid sinus pressing against the optic nerve and internal carotid artery. A biopsy obtained by endoscopic sinus surgery was reported to be a plasmacytoma. A diagnosis of extramedullary plasmacytoma was made after investigations for other neoplastic plasma cell conditions proved negative. Extramedullary plasmacytomas were assessed by reviewing the literature. Copyright © 2012 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Treatment and experience of traumatic carotid artery injury with massive epistaxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAO Hai-cheng

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective analysis was made on 5 cases who had the traumatic carotid artery injury with massive epistaxis (from September 2007 to June 2011. All of them were finally diagnosed by digital substraction angiography (DSA. Among them, 2 cases of traumatic pesudoaneurysm from internal maxillary artery were embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles and gelatin sponge. One case was carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF with traumatic pesudoaneurysm located in the sphenoid sinus. This patient's internal carotid artery (ICA and fistula was blocked with balloon, and then ICA was clipped proximal to the posterior communicating artery. One case with injuried ICA was treated with blocking by balloon. The pesudoaneurysm located in ICA cavernous segment of one case was embolized with coil and liquid glue. No recurrence was found after successful surgeries. Patients with massive epistaxis or recurrent epistaxis after craniofacial trauma should undergo CT angiography (CTA or DSA examination so as to get proper diagnosis and treatment as early as possible.

  19. Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm of the intracavernous internal carotid artery presenting with massive epistaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontela, Patricia S; Tampieri, Donatella; Atkinson, Jeffrey D; Daniel, Sam J; Teitelbaum, Jeanne; Shemie, Sam D

    2006-05-01

    To report a case of posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm of the intracavernous internal carotid artery presenting with massive epistaxis and to discuss its pathophysiology and management. Case report and literature review. Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary-care center. Twelve days after a motor vehicle accident causing a head injury and facial fractures, this patient presented with massive epistaxis due to a pseudoaneurysm of the intracavernous internal carotid artery . Nasal packing was performed and subsequent angiography demonstrated the vascular lesion that had dissected into the sphenoid sinus. Endovascular stent and coil occlusion of the vascular lesion was performed, and the patient's condition improved without any ischemic or thromboembolic sequelae. Posttraumatic aneurysms of the intracavernous internal carotid artery can be associated with delayed and sometimes lethal massive epistaxis. This vascular lesion should be considered in patients with traumatic brain injury presenting with basal skull fractures in the region of the carotid canal or cavernous sinus and/or orbital fractures and compromise of the optical nerves. Knowledge of these risk factors and early diagnosis can minimize the high mortality risk.

  20. Simple classification of carotid bifurcation: is it possible to predict twisted carotid artery during carotid endarterectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamide, Tomoya; Nomura, Motohiro; Tamase, Akira; Mori, Kentaro; Seki, Shunsuke; Kitamura, Yoshihisa; Nakada, Mitsutoshi

    2016-12-01

    The internal carotid artery (ICA) usually runs posterolaterally to the external carotid artery (ECA), but occasionally we encounter the twisted carotid bifurcation, a variant in which the ICA courses medially to the ECA during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Prediction of this anomaly in the preoperative evaluation is mandatory, although descriptions in the literature are limited. We reviewed the clinical features of patients who underwent CEA and analyzed preoperative cerebral angiography, especially the anteroposterior (AP) view to determine whether it could be a predictive modality. In 58 consecutive CEA cases, we simply classified them into three groups; type 1 (the ICA runs laterally and the ECA runs medially), type 2 (the ICA and ECA run to overlap each other), and type 3 (the ICA runs medially and the ECA runs laterally), based on the findings of AP view of cerebral angiography. We compared the clinical features and intraoperative findings of these groups. Of 58 cases, types 1-3 were 24, 30, and four cases, respectively. Twisted carotid bifurcations were recognized in seven cases (12.4 %), including three cases in type 2 and four in type 3, and all twisted cases were found on the right side. Twisted carotids and right-sided lesion were significantly frequent in type 3, but no statistical differences of coexisting diseases were recognized among the three groups. CEAs of twisted carotid bifurcations were performed successfully with correction of the carotid position in three and as it was in four cases. Twisted carotid bifurcations were observed during operation in 10 % in type 2 and 100 % in type 3. CEA of twisted carotid bifurcations can be performed safely with or without correction of the carotid position. AP view of cerebral angiography could be useful for preoperative evaluation.

  1. Carotid-cavernous fistula: current concepts in aetiology, investigation, and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, A D; Miller, N R

    2017-11-03

    A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between arteries and veins within the cavernous sinus and may be classified as either direct or dural. Direct CCFs are characterized by a direct connection between the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the cavernous sinus, whereas dural CCFs result from an indirect connection involving cavernous arterial branches and the cavernous sinus. Direct CCFs frequently are traumatic in origin and also may be caused by rupture of an ICA aneurysm within the cavernous sinus, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV, or iatrogenic intervention. Causes of dural CCFs include hypertension, fibromuscular dysplasia, Ehlers-Danlos type IV, and dissection of the ICA. Evaluation of a suspected CCF often involves non-invasive imaging techniques, including standard tonometry, pneumotonometry, ultrasound, computed tomographic scanning and angiography, and/or magnetic resonance imaging and angiography, but the gold standard for classification and diagnosis remains digital subtraction angiography. When a direct CCF is confirmed, first-line treatment is endovascular intervention, which may be accomplished using detachable balloons, coils, liquid embolic agents, or a combination of these tools. As dural CCFs often resolve spontaneously, low-risk cases may be managed conservatively. When invasive treatment is warranted, endovascular intervention or stereotactic radiosurgery may be performed. Modern endovascular techniques offer the ability to successfully treat CCFs with a low morbidity and virtually no mortality.Eye advance online publication, 3 November 2017; doi:10.1038/eye.2017.240.

  2. The carotid body of the spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetic rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarke J.A.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The carotid bodies from adult spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetic rats (strain BB/S were perfusion-fixed at normal arterial blood pressure with 3% phosphate-buffered glutaraldehyde and compared with the organs from control rats (strain BB/Sc prepared in the same way. Serial 5-µm sections were cut, stained, and using an interactive image analysis system, were analysed to determine the volumes of the carotid body and its vascular and extravascular compartments. There was no evidence of systemic arterial disease in the carotid stem arteries in either group of animals, and the microvasculature of the organs appeared normal by light microscopy. The volume of the carotid body was unchanged 3 months after the onset of diabetes but was increased at 6 months. The total vascular volume of the organ was unchanged, but the volume of the small vessels (5-12 µm was increased. In the control group the small vessels comprised 5% of the total volume of the carotid body, or about 44% of the vascular compartment. The percentage of small vessels increased at 3 months in the diabetic group, but had returned to normal at 6 months. The extravascular volume followed the same pattern as the total carotid body volume and so did not change appreciably when expressed as a percentage of the total volume of the organ. The increase in size of the carotid body in diabetic rats is due, therefore, to an augmented extravascular volume. In one diabetic specimen the carotid sinus nerve showed signs of diabetic neuropathy, axonal swelling and intramyelinic oedema. The clinical implications of these results are discussed.

  3. Sinus surgery postpones chronic gram-negative lung infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alanin, M C; Aanaes, K; Høiby, N

    2016-01-01

    Background: In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) the sinuses are a bacterial reservoir for Gram-negative bacteria (GNB). From the sinuses the GNB can repeatedly migrate to the lungs. In a one-year follow-up study, endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with adjuvant therapy reduced the frequency...... of pulmonary samples positive for GNB. We investigated whether the effect is sustained. Methodology: We report the effect of ESS and adjuvant therapy three years postoperatively in a CF cohort participating in this prospective clinical follow-up study. The primary endpoint was the lung infection status defined...... by Leeds criteria. Results: One hundred and six CF patients underwent ESS; 27 had improved lung infection status after three years. The prevalence of patients free of lung colonization with GNB significantly increased from 16/106 patients (15%) preoperatively to 35/106 patients (33%) after three years...

  4. Sinus surgery postpones chronic Gram-negative lung infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alanin, M C; Aanaes, K; Høiby, N

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) the sinuses are a bacterial reservoir for Gram-negative bacteria (GNB). From the sinuses the GNB can repeatedly migrate to the lungs. In a one-year follow-up study, endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with adjuvant therapy reduced the frequency...... of pulmonary samples positive for GNB. We investigated whether the effect is sustained. METHODOLOGY: We report the effect of ESS and adjuvant therapy three years postoperatively in a CF cohort participating in this prospective clinical follow-up study. The primary endpoint was the lung infection status defined...... by Leeds criteria. RESULTS: One hundred and six CF patients underwent ESS; 27 had improved lung infection status after three years. The prevalence of patients free of lung colonization with GNB significantly increased from 16/106 patients (15%) preoperatively to 35/106 patients (33%) after three years...

  5. Intrasphenoid septations inserted into the internal carotid arteries: a frequent and risky relationship in transsphenoidal surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramalho, Clauder Oliveira; Marenco, Horacio Armando; de Assis Vaz Guimarães Filho, Francisco; da Costa, Marcos Devanir Silva; de Oliveira Santos, Bruno Fernandes; de Paula Santos, Rodrigo; Zymberg, Samuel Tau

    When an expanded endonasal transsphenoidal surgical approach is performed, intrasphenoid septations must be completely resected. If these structures are close to the internal carotid artery (ICA), then their manipulation might cause vascular injury. The objective of this study is to describe the frequency of intrasphenoid septations in the internal carotid artery protuberance (ICAp). Computed tomography (CT) scans of 421 patients were analysed. Intrasphenoid septations (classified as intersphenoid or accessory) and their relationship to the ICAp were described. Additionally, a sphenoid sinus classification was performed based on their degree of pneumatisation to determine whether a difference exists in the frequency of intrasphenoid septations inserted into ICAp with regard to sinus type. The patient mean age was 39±21.4 years. Overall, 219 patients (52%) had septations in the ICAp; 359 patients (85.3%) had intersphenoid septations; of the latter, 135 (37.6%) had septations in the ICAp. This frequency was higher among patients with sphenoid sinus type 4 or 5 (44.7% and 43.5%, respectively). Accessory septations were found in 255 patients (60.6%); 140 of these septations (54.9%) were in the ICAp. Among 351 patients with types 3, 4 or 5 sphenoid sinuses (i.e., only well-pneumatised sphenoid sinuses), 219 (62.4%) had septations in the ICAp. These frequencies are higher than those reported in most previous studies. The frequency of intrasphenoid septations in the ICAp found is considerable. It is higher among patients with more pneumatised sinuses. This finding justifies an appropriate pre-operative study, and careful attention must be paid during transsphenoidal surgery. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  6. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ederle, J.; Dobson, J.; Featherstone, R.L.; Bonati, L.H.; Worp, H.B. van der; Borst, G.J. de; Lo, T.H.; Gaines, P.; Dorman, P.J.; Macdonald, S.; Lyrer, P.A.; Hendriks, J.M.; McCollum, C.; Nederkoorn, P.J.; Brown, M.M.; Blankensteijn, J.D.; Leeuw, F.E. de; Kool, L.J.; Vliet, J.A. van der

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: The International

  7. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ederle, Jörg

    2010-03-20

    Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy.

  8. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ederle, Jörg; Dobson, Joanna; Featherstone, Roland L.; Bonati, Leo H.; van der Worp, H. Bart; de Borst, Gert J.; Lo, T. Hauw; Gaines, Peter; Dorman, Paul J.; Macdonald, Sumaira; Lyrer, Philippe A.; Hendriks, Johanna M.; McCollum, Charles; Nederkoorn, Paul J.; Brown, Martin M.; Algra, A.; Bamford, J.; Beard, J.; Bland, M.; Bradbury, A. W.; Brown, M. M.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Collins, R.; Molyneux, A.; Naylor, R.; Warlow, C.; Ferro, J. M.; Thomas, D.; Bonati, L. H.; Coward, L.; Dobson, J.; Ederle, J.; Featherstone, R. F.; Tindall, H.; McCabe, D. J. H.; Wallis, A.; Brooks, M.; Chambers, B.; Chan, A.; Chu, P.; Clark, D.; Dewey, H.; Donnan, G.; Fell, G.; Hoare, M.; Molan, M.; Roberts, A.; Roberts, N.; Beiles, B.; Bladin, C.; Clifford, C.; Grigg, M.; New, G.; Bell, R.; Bower, S.; Chong, W.; Holt, M.; Saunder, A.; Than, P. G.; Gett, S.; Leggett, D.; McGahan, T.; Quinn, J.; Ray, M.; Wong, A.; Woodruff, P.; Foreman, R.; Schultz, D.; Scroop, R.; Stanley, B.; Allard, B.; Atkinson, N.; Cambell, W.; Davies, S.; Field, P.; Milne, P.; Mitchell, P.; Tress, B.; Yan, B.; Beasley, A.; Dunbabin, D.; Stary, D.; Walker, S.; Cras, P.; d'Archambeau, O.; Hendriks, J. M. H.; van Schil, P.; St Blasius, A. Z.; Bosiers, M.; Deloose, K.; van Buggenhout, E.; de Letter, J.; Devos, V.; Ghekiere, J.; Vanhooren, G.; Astarci, P.; Hammer, F.; Lacroix, V.; Peeters, A.; Verbist, J.; Blair, J.-F.; Caron, J. L.; Daneault, N.; Giroux, M.-F.; Guilbert, F.; Lanthier, S.; Lebrun, L.-H.; Oliva, V.; Raymond, J.; Roy, D.; Soulez, G.; Weill, A.; Hill, M.; Hu, W.; Hudion, M.; Morrish, W.; Sutherland, G.; Wong, J.; Albäck, A.; Harno, H.; Ijäs, P.; Kaste, M.; Lepäntalo, M.; Mustanoja, S.; Paananen, T.; Porras, M.; Putaala, J.; Railo, M.; Sairanen, T.; Soinne, L.; Vehmas, A.; Vikatmaa, P.; Goertler, M.; Halloul, Z.; Skalej, M.; Brennan, P.; Kelly, C.; Leahy, A.; Moroney, J.; Thornton, J.; Koelemay, M. J. W.; Reekers, J. A. A.; Roos, Y. B. W. E. M.; Hendriks, J. M.; Koudstaal, P. J.; Pattynama, P. M. T.; van der Lugt, A.; van Dijk, L. C.; van Sambeek, M. R. H. M.; van Urk, H.; Verhagen, H. J. M.; Bruijninckx, C. M. A.; de Bruijn, S. F.; Keunen, R.; Knippenberg, B.; Mosch, A.; Treurniet, F.; van Dijk, L.; van Overhagen, H.; Wever, J.; de Beer, F. C.; van den Berg, J. S. P.; van Hasselt, B. A. A. M.; Zeilstra, D. J.; Boiten, J.; van Otterloo, J. C. A. de Mol; de Vries, A. C.; Lycklama a Nijeholt, G. J.; van der Kallen, B. F. W.; Blankensteijn, J. D.; de Leeuw, F. E.; Kool, L. J. Schultze; van der Vliet, J. A.; de Borst, G. J.; de Kort, G. A. P.; Kapelle, L. J.; Lo, T. H.; Mali, W. P. Th M.; Moll, F.; van der Worp, H. B.; Verhagen, H.; Barber, P. A.; Bourchier, R.; Hill, A.; Holden, A.; Stewart, J.; Bakke, S. J.; Krohg-Sørensen, K.; Skjelland, M.; Tennøe, B.; Bialek, P.; Biejat, Z.; Czepiel, W.; Czlonkowska, A.; Dowzenko, A.; Jedrzejewska, J.; Kobayashi, A.; Lelek, M.; Polanski, J.; Kirbis, J.; Milosevic, Z.; Zvan, B.; Blasco, J.; Chamorro, A.; Macho, J.; Obach, V.; Riambau, V.; San Roman, L.; Branera, J.; Canovas, D.; Estela, Jordi; Gaibar, A. Gimenez; Perendreu, J.; Björses, K.; Gottsater, A.; Ivancev, K.; Maetzsch, T.; Sonesson, B.; Berg, B.; Delle, M.; Formgren, J.; Gillgren, P.; Kall, T.-B.; Konrad, P.; Nyman, N.; Takolander, R.; Andersson, T.; Malmstedt, J.; Soderman, M.; Wahlgren, C.; Wahlgren, N.; Binaghi, S.; Hirt, L.; Michel, P.; Ruchat, P.; Engelter, S. T.; Fluri, F.; Guerke, L.; Jacob, A. L.; Kirsch, E.; Lyrer, P. A.; Radue, E.-W.; Stierli, P.; Wasner, M.; Wetzel, S.; Bonvin, C.; Kalangos, A.; Lovblad, K.; Murith, M.; Ruefenacht, D.; Sztajzel, R.; Higgins, N.; Kirkpatrick, P. J.; Martin, P.; Varty, K.; Adam, D.; Bell, J.; Crowe, P.; Gannon, M.; Henderson, M. J.; Sandler, D.; Shinton, R. A.; Scriven, J. M.; Wilmink, T.; D'Souza, S.; Egun, A.; Guta, R.; Punekar, S.; Seriki, D. M.; Thomson, G.; Brennan, J. A.; Enevoldson, T. P.; Gilling-Smith, G.; Gould, D. A.; Harris, P. L.; McWilliams, R. G.; Nasser, H.-C.; White, R.; Prakash, K. G.; Serracino-Inglott, F.; Subramanian, G.; Symth, J. V.; Walker, M. G.; Clarke, M.; Davis, M.; Dixit, S. A.; Dorman, P.; Dyker, A.; Ford, G.; Golkar, A.; Jackson, R.; Jayakrishnan, V.; Lambert, D.; Lees, T.; Louw, S.; Macdonald, S.; Mendelow, A. D.; Rodgers, H.; Rose, J.; Stansby, G.; Wyatt, M.; Baker, T.; Baldwin, N.; Jones, L.; Mitchell, D.; Munro, E.; Thornton, M.; Baker, D.; Davis, N.; Hamilton, G.; McCabe, D.; Platts, A.; Tibballs, J.; Cleveland, T.; Dodd, D.; Lonsdale, R.; Nair, R.; Nassef, A.; Nawaz, S.; Venables, G.; Belli, A.; Cloud, G.; Halliday, A.; Markus, H.; McFarland, R.; Morgan, R.; Pereira, A.; Thompson, A.; Chataway, J.; Cheshire, N.; Gibbs, R.; Hammady, M.; Jenkins, M.; Malik, I.; Wolfe, J.; Adiseshiah, M.; Bishop, C.; Brew, S.; Brookes, J.; Jäger, R.; Kitchen, N.; Ashleigh, R.; Butterfield, S.; Gamble, G. E.; McCollum, C.; Nasim, A.; O'Neill, P.; Edwards, R. D.; Lees, K. R.; MacKay, A. J.; Moss, J.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: The International

  9. A Rare Cause of Headache: Aspergillus Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Şehnaz Arıcı; Özge Özen Gökmuharremoğlu; Behiye Özer

    2015-01-01

    Fungal sinusitis are mostly seen in immunosuppressive individuals and somtimes which can be mortal. Most frequently species of Aspergillus were isolated from, clinical forms of mycotic sinonasal disease.Surgical debridement,sinus ventilation and medical therapy in treatment of fungal sinusitis, are recommended. In this article, a case of healthy immune patient with fungal sinusitis who peresent with headache was repoted.

  10. [Maxillary sinus myxoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedzielski, Artur; Partycka-Pietrzyk, Kornela; Brodzisz, Agnieszka; Walczyna, Beata; Mielnik-Niedzielska, Grażyna

    2016-07-29

    Myxoma is a slow growing, benign neoplasm, which pathogenesis still remains disputed. The lesion has well-defined borders but a true capsule is absent. Because of that myxoma can be locally invasive causing bone destruction. A change is mainly observed among persons between 20-30 years of age and is very uncommon in the pediatric population. Most myxomas are observed in myocardium, but rarely may also manifest in the head and neck region. In the paper we describe an unusual case of myxoma of maxillary sinus in a female infant. Diagnostic challenges, treatment, outcome, post-operative follow-up are discussed as well as a review of the literature in order to present many features of this rare pathology. © 2016 MEDPRESS.

  11. MR imaging of carotid webs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boesen, Mari E. [University of Calgary, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Calgary (Canada); Foothills Medical Centre, Seaman Family MR Research Centre, Calgary (Canada); Eswaradass, Prasanna Venkatesan; Singh, Dilip; Mitha, Alim P.; Menon, Bijoy K. [University of Calgary, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Calgary (Canada); Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary Stroke Program, Calgary (Canada); Goyal, Mayank [Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary Stroke Program, Calgary (Canada); University of Calgary, Department of Radiology, Calgary (Canada); Frayne, Richard [Foothills Medical Centre, Seaman Family MR Research Centre, Calgary (Canada); University of Calgary, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Calgary (Canada)

    2017-04-15

    We propose a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging protocol for the characterization of carotid web morphology, composition, and vessel wall dynamics. The purpose of this case series was to determine the feasibility of imaging carotid webs with MR imaging. Five patients diagnosed with carotid web on CT angiography were recruited to undergo a 30-min MR imaging session. MR angiography (MRA) images of the carotid artery bifurcation were acquired. Multi-contrast fast spin echo (FSE) images were acquired axially about the level of the carotid web. Two types of cardiac phase resolved sequences (cineFSE and cine phase contrast) were acquired to visualize the elasticity of the vessel wall affected by the web. Carotid webs were identified on MRA in 5/5 (100%) patients. Multi-contrast FSE revealed vessel wall thickening and cineFSE demonstrated regional changes in distensibility surrounding the webs in these patients. Our MR imaging protocol enables an in-depth evaluation of patients with carotid webs: morphology (by MRA), composition (by multi-contrast FSE), and wall dynamics (by cineFSE). (orig.)

  12. Maxillary sinusitis with pulmonary tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyay, Rashmi; Prakash, Ved; Singh, Abhishek Bahadur; Saheer, S

    2014-08-01

    Tubercular infection of the nasal cavity is an infrequently encountered condition. More so, after the discovery of relevant antibiotics, nasal sinus tuberculosis is not commonly seen. Few cases have reported tuberculosis of the paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx and larynx. With the increasing incidence of HIV, these rare forms of infection have started re-emerging. We present a case of a middle aged man presenting with nasal cavity lesion along with pulmonary tuberculosis, which came to light only after the diagnosis of maxillary sinus tuberculosis. 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  13. Aggressiv fibromatose i sinus frontalis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godballe, Christian; Jensen, Søren Gade; Krogdahl, Annelise

    2009-01-01

    Aggressive fibromatosis (AF) is a benign tumour with expansive and locally invasive growth. It is very rarely seen in the head and neck area. We present a 52-year-old female patient with AF localized to the left frontal sinus. The condition was initially mistaken for chronic sinusitis however...... computed tomography indicated tumour. A biopsy showed AF and the patient received surgical treatment. Symptoms, signs and treatment are discussed. It is concluded that AF in the sino-nasal tract is a rare, but potentially life threatening condition which might be mistaken for a simple sinusitis...

  14. Radiology in diagnostics of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chekhonatskaya М.L

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose: to prove diagnostic capabilities of modern radiation techniques in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and methods: The study involved 546 patients with sinusitis. The following methods have been used: X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, contrast maxillary sinus radiography, contact intraoral radiographs, orthopantomography, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Results. In 7,9% of cases the presence of odontogenic sinusitis has been established, in 92,1 % rhinogenous sinusitis has been revealed. The work provides information about the effectiveness of various radiation techniques in the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis. Conclusion. For suspected odontogenic sinusitis, treatment of choice includes the combined use of X-ray of the paranasal sinuses in the mentoanterior projection and contact intraoral radiographs of «causal teeth». Computer tomography is the most informative additional method to clarify the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis.

  15. A cardiologist in the carotids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, William A

    2004-05-05

    Carotid endarterectomy for stroke prevention has been the standard of care for 50 years in patients with extra-cranial carotid bifurcation disease. Over the past decade, carotid stenting has emerged as a viable alternative to surgery. Combined with filter embolic protection devices, both a randomized control trial (Stenting and Angioplasty with Protection in Patients at High Risk for Endarterectomy registry [SAPPHIRE]) as well as registry data (ACCULINK for Revascularization of Carotids in High Risk Patients registry [ARCHeR] and Registry Study to evaluate the Neuroshield Bare-Wire Cerebral Protection System and X-Act Stent in patients at high risk for Carotid Endarterectomy [SECuRITY]) have compared favorably to endarterectomy in patients at high risk for operative revascularization. Conditions associated with high operative risk included patients with significant cardiac, pulmonary, and renal disease; previous neck operation; previous radiation; and anatomically difficult surgical access. On the basis of these results, a carotid stent system approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is anticipated in 2004. Although this will be a welcome addition to endarterectomy in the armamentarium of therapeutic options for patients with carotid disease, several challenges lie ahead. Coverage and reimbursement for the carotid stenting has been severely restricted to include only those procedures performed as part of an FDA investigational device exemption trial protocol, and a national noncoverage decision will have to be reckoned with before broader coverage can be put into place (assuming FDA approval). In addition, the level of national expertise in carotid endovascular intervention is limited, and training will need to be tailored to the three specialties likely to perform the procedure: cardiology, radiology, and vascular surgery. Each of these specialties will have specific, and different, requirements for their training, further complicating the task of

  16. Clipping Surgery for Paraclinoid Carotid Aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Yamamoto, Yasunaga; Suzuki, Yota; Kobayashi, Masayoshi; Ichinose, Shunsuke; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2016-01-01

    Paraclinoid carotid aneurysm is widely treated with coil embolization. However, all paraclinoid carotid aneurysms cannot be obliterated by the endovascular approach. Our direct surgical procedure was presented. The clinical data of surgically treated paraclinoid carotid aneurysms were retrospectively reviewed. One hundred ninety paraclinoid carotid aneurysms in 181 patients were directly obliterated at the Shinshu University Hospital and its affiliated hospitals between 1991 and 2013. Direct surgical repair of the paraclinoid carotid aneurysm is still useful, even in the era of endovascular treatment.

  17. Carotid body denervation prevents fasting hyperglycemia during chronic intermittent hypoxia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Mi-Kyung; Yao, Qiaoling; Jun, Jonathan C.; Bevans-Fonti, Shannon; Yoo, Doo-Young; Han, Woobum; Mesarwi, Omar; Richardson, Ria; Fu, Ya-Yuan; Pasricha, Pankaj J.; Schwartz, Alan R.; Shirahata, Machiko

    2014-01-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea causes chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) and is associated with impaired glucose metabolism, but mechanisms are unknown. Carotid bodies orchestrate physiological responses to hypoxemia by activating the sympathetic nervous system. Therefore, we hypothesized that carotid body denervation would abolish glucose intolerance and insulin resistance induced by chronic IH. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent carotid sinus nerve dissection (CSND) or sham surgery and then were exposed to IH or intermittent air (IA) for 4 or 6 wk. Hypoxia was administered by decreasing a fraction of inspired oxygen from 20.9% to 6.5% once per minute, during the 12-h light phase (9 a.m.–9 p.m.). As expected, denervated mice exhibited blunted hypoxic ventilatory responses. In sham-operated mice, IH increased fasting blood glucose, baseline hepatic glucose output (HGO), and expression of a rate-liming hepatic enzyme of gluconeogenesis phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), whereas the whole body glucose flux during hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp was not changed. IH did not affect glucose tolerance after adjustment for fasting hyperglycemia in the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test. CSND prevented IH-induced fasting hyperglycemia and increases in baseline HGO and liver PEPCK expression. CSND trended to augment the insulin-stimulated glucose flux and enhanced liver Akt phosphorylation at both hypoxic and normoxic conditions. IH increased serum epinephrine levels and liver sympathetic innervation, and both increases were abolished by CSND. We conclude that chronic IH induces fasting hyperglycemia increasing baseline HGO via the CSN sympathetic output from carotid body chemoreceptors, but does not significantly impair whole body insulin sensitivity. PMID:25103977

  18. Carotid body denervation prevents fasting hyperglycemia during chronic intermittent hypoxia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Mi-Kyung; Yao, Qiaoling; Jun, Jonathan C; Bevans-Fonti, Shannon; Yoo, Doo-Young; Han, Woobum; Mesarwi, Omar; Richardson, Ria; Fu, Ya-Yuan; Pasricha, Pankaj J; Schwartz, Alan R; Shirahata, Machiko; Polotsky, Vsevolod Y

    2014-10-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea causes chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH) and is associated with impaired glucose metabolism, but mechanisms are unknown. Carotid bodies orchestrate physiological responses to hypoxemia by activating the sympathetic nervous system. Therefore, we hypothesized that carotid body denervation would abolish glucose intolerance and insulin resistance induced by chronic IH. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent carotid sinus nerve dissection (CSND) or sham surgery and then were exposed to IH or intermittent air (IA) for 4 or 6 wk. Hypoxia was administered by decreasing a fraction of inspired oxygen from 20.9% to 6.5% once per minute, during the 12-h light phase (9 a.m.-9 p.m.). As expected, denervated mice exhibited blunted hypoxic ventilatory responses. In sham-operated mice, IH increased fasting blood glucose, baseline hepatic glucose output (HGO), and expression of a rate-liming hepatic enzyme of gluconeogenesis phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), whereas the whole body glucose flux during hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp was not changed. IH did not affect glucose tolerance after adjustment for fasting hyperglycemia in the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test. CSND prevented IH-induced fasting hyperglycemia and increases in baseline HGO and liver PEPCK expression. CSND trended to augment the insulin-stimulated glucose flux and enhanced liver Akt phosphorylation at both hypoxic and normoxic conditions. IH increased serum epinephrine levels and liver sympathetic innervation, and both increases were abolished by CSND. We conclude that chronic IH induces fasting hyperglycemia increasing baseline HGO via the CSN sympathetic output from carotid body chemoreceptors, but does not significantly impair whole body insulin sensitivity. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

  19. Paranasal sinus obliteration in Wegener granulomatosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paling, M.R.; Roberts, R.L.; Fauci, A.S.

    1982-08-01

    The authors report 14 cases of Wegener granulomatosis in which one or more paranasal sinuses were obliterated by bone. The maxillary antra were involved in all cases, with the other sinuses being affected less frequently. These changes are thought to result from chronic bacterial sinusitis superimposed on the granulomatous vasculitic process. Computed tomography dramatically demonstrated the bone changes, consisting of a combination of sinus wall thickening and trabeculated new bone formation within the sinuses.

  20. OPTIMIZATION OF SECRETOLYTIC TREATMENT OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Makarevich

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Efficiency of sinupret in children with acute sinusitis as a drug with serolytic action, is studied. it is established that secretolytic therapy in case of acute sinusitis, aimed at the improvement of drainage and ventilation function of paranasal sinuses, is one of the potentially productive directions of nonbinvasive methods of treatment of acute sinusitis.Key words: children, acute sinusitis, secretolytic treatment.

  1. When Sinuses Attack! (For Kids)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... People, Places & Things That Help Feelings Q&A Movies & More Quizzes Kids' Dictionary of Medical Words En ... nose, the sinuses are lined with a moist, thin layer of tissue called a mucous membrane (say: ...

  2. Antibiotics for acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Borisenko, Oleg V; Kovanen, Niina

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Expert opinions vary on the appropriate role of antibiotics for sinusitis, one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions among adults in ambulatory care. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether antibiotics are effective in treating acute sinusitis, and if so, which antibiotic classes...... are the most effective. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, 2007, Issue 3); MEDLINE (1950 to May 2007) and EMBASE (1974 to June 2007). SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing antibiotics with placebo...... or antibiotics from different classes for acute maxillary sinusitis in adults. We included trials with clinically diagnosed acute sinusitis, whether or not confirmed by radiography or bacterial culture. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors independently screened search results, extracted...

  3. Complications of pediatric paranasal sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reid, Janet R. [The Children' s Hospital, The Cleveland Clinic, Pediatric Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2004-12-01

    Acute paranasal sinus infection in children is often diagnosed clinically without the need for radiographic confirmation. Most cases have a favorable outcome following appropriate antibiotic therapy. A small percentage of cases where symptoms and signs are persistent or severe will require emergent imaging to rule out complications related to local spread of disease intraorbitally or intracranially. A strong index of suspicion is required in such cases, and cross-sectional imaging evaluation with CT and MRI should include axial and coronal images of the paranasal sinuses and, where appropriate, the orbits and brain (with attention to the cavernous sinus). There is no role for plain radiography in the evaluation of the complications of acute sinusitis in the pediatric patient. (orig.)

  4. Cavernous sinus thrombosis: current therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desa, Valmont; Green, Ryan

    2012-09-01

    Cavernous sinus thrombosis represents a rare but devastating disease process that may be associated with significant long-term patient morbidity or mortality. The prompt recognition and management of this problem is critical. However, most of the literature involves case-specific discussions. The purpose of this article was to review the literature and present current recommendations for the treatment of cavernous sinus thrombosis. Copyright © 2012 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Maxillary sinusitis with pulmonary tuberculosis

    OpenAIRE

    Upadhyay, Rashmi; Prakash, Ved; Singh, Abhishek Bahadur; Saheer, S

    2014-01-01

    Tubercular infection of the nasal cavity is an infrequently encountered condition. More so, after the discovery of relevant antibiotics, nasal sinus tuberculosis is not commonly seen. Few cases have reported tuberculosis of the paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx and larynx. With the increasing incidence of HIV, these rare forms of infection have started re-emerging. We present a case of a middle aged man presenting with nasal cavity lesion along with pulmonary tuberculosis, which came to light on...

  6. Vasovagal syncope in the Canon of Avicenna: the first mention of carotid artery hypersensitivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoja, Mohammadali M; Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas, Marios; Khalili, Majid; Alakbarli, Farid; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2009-05-29

    Ibn Sina, known as Avicenna in the West, was a celebrated Persian thinker, philosopher, and physician who is remembered for his masterpiece, The Canon of Medicine. The Canon that served as an essential medical encyclopedia for scholars in the Islamic territories and Europe for almost a millennium consisted of 5 books. In the third book, Avicenna described patients with symptoms of carotid hypersensitivity syndrome. These patients, who had excessive yawning, fatigue, and flushing, dropped following pressure on their carotids. Based on such history, it seems that Avicenna was the first to note the carotid sinus hypersensitivity, which presents with vasovagal syncope following compression of the carotid artery. In this paper, we presented a brief account of Avicenna's life and works and discuss his description of the so-called carotid hypersensitivity syncope. Notwithstanding his loyalty to the Greek theory of humoralism, Avicenna set forth his own version of "theory of spirits" to explain the mechanism of this disease. An account of the theory of spirits is also given.

  7. Intracerebral haemorrhage after carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, T; Sillesen, H; Boesen, J

    1987-01-01

    Among 662 consecutive carotid endarterectomies eight cases of postoperative ipsilateral intracerebral haemorrhage were identified, occurring into brain areas which, preoperatively were without infarction. As blood pressures across the stenosis were routinely measured during surgery, the internal...

  8. Sinus Balloon Dilation as Treatment for Acute Sphenoid Sinusitis with Impaired Vision for a Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about sinus balloon dilatation in treatment of acute left sphenoid sinusitis with left impaired vision in a child. Balloon catheter dilatation (BCD of the sinus ostia is a new technique. It has been shown to be a minimally invasive technique to manage chronic sinusitis. However, this method is rarely used in the treatment of acute sinusitis. So far, we know of no reported cases of sinus balloon dilatation in treatment of this case, especially for children.

  9. Changes of time-attenuation curve blood flow parameters in patients with and without carotid stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, C-J; Chang, F-C; Guo, W-Y; Hung, S-C; Luo, C-B; Beilner, J; Kowarschik, M; Chu, W-F

    2015-06-01

    From the time-attenuation curves of DSA flow parameters, maximal intensity, maximal slope, and full width at half maximum of selected vascular points are defined. The study explores the reliability of defining the flow parameters by the time-attenuation curves of DSA. Seventy patients with unilateral carotid artery stenosis (group A) and 56 healthy controls (group B) were retrospectively enrolled. Fixed contrast injection protocols and DSA acquisition parameters were used with all patients. The M1, sigmoid sinus, and internal jugular vein on anteroposterior view DSA and the M2, parietal vein, and superior sagittal sinus on lateral view DSA were chosen as ROI targets for measuring flow parameters. The difference of time of maximal intensity between 2 target points was defined as the circulation time between the target points. The maximal intensity difference of 2 selected points from the ICA to the M1, sigmoid sinus, internal jugular vein, M2, parietal vein, and superior sagittal sinus was significantly longer in group A than in group B. The maximum slope of M1, M2, and the superior sagittal sinus was significantly lower in group A than in group B. The full width at half maximum of M1 and M2 was significantly larger in group A than in group B. The maximal slope of M1 demonstrated the best diagnostic performance. The maximal intensity difference of 2 selected points derived from DSA can be used as a definitive alternative flow parameter for intracranial circulation time measurement. Maximal slope and full width at half maximum complement the maximal intensity difference of 2 selected points in defining flow characteristics of healthy subjects and patients with carotid stenosis. © 2015 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  10. Arteriovenous Malformation in Temporal Lobe Presenting as Contralateral Ocular Symptoms Mimicking Carotid-Cavernous Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadzillah Mohd-Tahir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To report a rare case of arteriovenous malformation in temporal lobe presenting as contralateral orbital symptoms mimicking carotid-cavernous fistula. Method. Interventional case report. Results. A 31-year-old Malay gentleman presented with 2-month history of painful progressive exophthalmos of his left eye associated with recurrent headache, diplopia, and reduced vision. Ocular examination revealed congestive nonpulsating 7 mm exophthalmos of the left eye with no restriction of movements in all direction. There was diplopia in left lateral gaze. Left IOP was elevated at 29 mmHg. Left eye retinal vessels were slightly dilated and tortuous. CT scan was performed and showed right temporal arteriovenous malformation with a nidus of 3.8 cm × 2.5 cm with right middle cerebral artery as feeding artery. There was dilated left superior ophthalmic vein of 0.9 mm in diameter with enlarged left cavernous sinus. MRA and carotid angiogram confirmed right temporal arteriovenous malformation with no carotid-cavernous fistula. Most of the intracranial drainage was via left cavernous sinus. His signs and symptoms dramatically improved following successful embolisation, completely resolved after one year. Conclusion. Intracranial arteriovenous malformation is rarely presented with primary ocular presentation. Early intervention would salvage the eyes and prevent patients from more disaster morbidity or fatality commonly due to intracranial haemorrhage.

  11. Fístula carotídeo-cavernosa Carotid-cavernous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Augusto Pereira Vilela

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Fístulas carotídeo-cavernosas são raras. São classificadas nos tipos direto e indireto. Fístulas diretas têm uma comunicação anormal entre a artéria carótida interna e o seio cavernoso. Nas formas indiretas a conexão se faz entre os ramos meningeos da carótida interna e/ou externa e o mesmo seio. O propósito deste artigo é o de atualizar os conceitos anatômicos, clínicos, diagnósticos e terapêuticos desta situação.Carotid cavernous fistulae are an uncommon disease. They are classified as direct or indirect. In direct fistulas there is an abnormal communication between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Indirect forms have an abnormal bypass between the meningeal branches of the internal and/or external carotid arteries and the same sinus. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the anatomy of the envolved area and the clinical findings, diagnostic evaluation and treatment.

  12. Nonseptic and Septic Lateral Sinus Thrombosis: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Viswanatha, B.; Thriveni, C. N.; Naseeruddin, Khaja

    2011-01-01

    Thrombosis of the lateral sinus can be classified into nonseptic lateral sinus thrombosis and septic lateral sinus thrombosis. Nonseptic lateral sinus thrombosis differs from septic lateral sinus thrombosis in that it is not associated with ear or sinus infection. Etiologies of these conditions are different and hence the management of these conditions is different. Nonseptic lateral sinus thrombosis requires medical line of management and anticoagulant therapy, where as septic lateral sinus ...

  13. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in carotid atherosclerotic disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Huijun

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Atherosclerosis is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease affecting many vascular beds. Disease progression leads to acute cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction, stroke and death. The diseased carotid alone is responsible for one third of the 700,000 new or recurrent strokes occurring yearly in the United States. Imaging plays an important role in the management of atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR of the carotid vessel wall is one promising modality in the evaluation of patients with carotid atherosclerotic disease. Advances in carotid vessel wall CMR allow comprehensive assessment of morphology inside the wall, contributing substantial disease-specific information beyond luminal stenosis. Although carotid vessel wall CMR has not been widely used to screen for carotid atherosclerotic disease, many trials support its potential for this indication. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding carotid vessel wall CMR and its potential clinical application for management of carotid atherosclerotic disease.

  14. Internal carotid artery stenting for blunt carotid artery injuries with an associated pseudoaneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berne, John D; Reuland, Kurt R; Villarreal, David H; McGovern, Thomas M; Rowe, Stephen A; Norwood, Scott H

    2008-02-01

    Blunt carotid artery injuries (BCI) are being recognized and treated with increasing frequency because of improved screening protocols. Recent advances in endovascular techniques using microcoils, angioplasty, and stenting offer a new treatment strategy for those patients with traumatic pseudoaneurysms (PA) (BCI and PA). Experience with these techniques is limited because of the rarity of these injuries. Early anticoagulation (AC) or antiplatelet (AP) therapy combined with carotid artery stenting is a safe alternative to AC alone for the treatment of grade III carotid artery injuries (BCI and PA). Prospective cohort study. A rural, community Level I trauma center. All patients with a nonocclusive BCI and PA during a 5.5 year period from June 23, 2000 to December 31, 2005 were included in the study. : Eleven patients with grade BCI and PA underwent endovascular repair. Nine patients (81%) had associated traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. AC (heparin drip) or AP therapy (clopidogrel or aspirin or both) was initiated in all patients within 48 hours of diagnosis of BCI. Time from admission to AC or AP was 21 +/- 9.5 hours (mean +/- SD). Mortality rate was 18% (2 of 11). One death was attributed to severe brain injury. The other was attributed to a stroke from the carotid injury. No patient had radiologic progression of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage on head computed tomography despite AP or AC. One patient sustained a mild embolic cerebrovascular ischemic event before stenting. No other survivors developed a stroke or any other evidence of cerebral ischemic symptoms. Two recurrent PAs developed during hospitalization and were successfully managed with an additional stent. All survivors were discharged with a good neurologic outcome. Seven patients had follow-up from 6 months to 4 years: one developed asymptomatic 50% stenosis at 6 months requiring successful angioplasty. All others showed complete healing without stenosis. Carotid artery stenting is safe and

  15. Carotid plaque thickness and carotid plaque burden predict future cardiovascular events in asymptomatic adult Americans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, Henrik; Sartori, Samantha; Sandholt, Benjamin

    2018-01-01

    Introduction: Prediction of cardiovascular events improves using imaging, i.e. coronary calcium score and ultrasound assessment of carotid plaque. This study analysed the predictive value of two ultrasound measures of carotid plaque size: carotid plaque thickness and carotid and intima......-media thickness (IMT). Methods and results: A total of 6102 asymptomatic persons underwent assessment of conventional risk factors and imaging by carotid ultrasound. Carotid plaque burden (cPB) and maximum carotid plaque thickness (cPTmax) were measured from 'cross-sectional sweep' video acquisition...

  16. Clinical Features and Treatments of Odontogenic Sinusitis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lee, Kyung Chul; Lee, Sung Jin

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate how clinical features such as sex, age, etiologic factors, and presenting symptoms of odontogenic sinusitis are differentiated from other types of sinusitis...

  17. Maxillary sinus function after sinus lifts for the insertion of dental implants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmenga, NM; Raghoebar, GM; Boering, G; VanWeissenbruch, R

    Purpose: The influence of bone augmentation of the floor of the maxillary sinus for the insertion of denial implants on sinus function has not been well investigated, In this study, the influence of the sinus lift on the development of maxillary sinus pathology was evaluated using generally accepted

  18. Asymptomatic carotid arterial stenosis - population based screening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2010-01-01

    Screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis in the general population is discussed in many countries because of the benefits of carotid endarterectomy in the three trials. Many factors influence the cost-effectiveness of screening. These factors are the prevalence of carotid stenosis, the

  19. Carotid artery stenting : a 2009 update

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeebregts, Clark J.; Meerwaldt, Robbert; Geelkerken, Robert H.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose of review Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is is still considered the gold standard in the treatment of patients with significant carotid stenosis and has proven its value over the past decades. Endovascular techniques have evolved, and carotid artery stenting (CAS) is challenging CEA to become

  20. The Interaction Between Carotid Baroreceptor and Chemoreceptor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hypertension and hypoxia often occur together in the clinical setting implying that the carotid baroreceptor and carotid chemoreceptors are affected simultaneously. This work was designed to study the effects of increased reflex sympathetic activity following carotid baroreceptor and chemoreceptor stimulation on reflex ...

  1. Cerebral hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, T; Sillesen, H; Sørensen, O

    1987-01-01

    Serial measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF) were performed in 56 patients before and one to four times after uncomplicated carotid endarterectomy. The findings were related to the ratio between internal carotid artery (ICA) and common carotid artery (CCA) mean pressures. Within the 1st...... postoperative day CBF increased by a median of 37% in the ipsilateral and 33% in the contralateral hemisphere. Later recordings showed a gradual return of CBF toward the preoperative level. Sixteen patients with an ICA/CCA pressure ratio below 0.7 showed a significantly more pronounced and longer-lasting flow......, occurred in the low pressure ratio group, while the hemispheric asymmetry on average was unchanged in the high pressure ratio group. This relative hyperemia was most pronounced 2 to 4 days following reconstruction. The marked hyperemia, absolute as well as relative, in patients with a low ICA/CCA pressure...

  2. Carotid endarterectomy with regional anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbaugh, R E; Pikus, H J

    2001-09-01

    The senior author (REH) has changed his technique for performing carotid endarterectomy from the use of general anesthesia to the use of cervical block anesthesia. Because a randomized study was not performed, it is difficult to separate effects of increased surgical experience from those caused by a change in anesthetic regimen. Nonetheless, there has been a substantial decrease in complications, length of hospital stay, and costs concomitant with the change to regional anesthesia; we think there is a causal relationship. The use of cervical block anesthesia has practically eliminated the non-stroke-related complications associated with carotid endarterectomy in our practice. The technique for performing carotid endarterectomy under cervical block anesthesia is described in detail.

  3. Function of the rat carotid body chemoreceptors in ageing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde, Silvia V; Obeso, Ana; Rigual, Ricardo; Monteiro, Emilia C; Gonzalez, Constancio

    2006-11-01

    Some age-related deficits in the ventilatory responses have been attributed to a decline in the functionality of the carotid body (CB) arterial chemoreceptors, but a systematic study of the CB function in ageing is lacking. In rats aged 3-24 months, we have performed quantitative morphometry on specific chemoreceptor tissue, assessed the function of chemoreceptor cells by measuring the content, synthesis and release of catecholamines (a chemoreceptor cell neurotransmitter) in normoxia and hypoxia, and determined the functional activity of the intact organ by measuring chemosensory activity in the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) in normoxia, hypoxia and hypercapnic acidosis. We found that with age CBs enlarge, but at the same time there is a concomitant decrease in the percentage of chemoreceptor tissue. CB content and turnover time for their catecholamines increase with age. Hypoxic stimulation of chemoreceptor cells elicits a smaller release of catecholamines in rats after 12 months of age, but a non-specific depolarizing stimulus elicits a comparable release at all ages. In parallel, there was a marked decrease in the responsiveness to hypoxia, but not to an acidic-hypercapnic stimulus, assessed as chemosensory activity in the CSN. We conclude that in aged mammals chemoreceptor cells become hypofunctional, leading to a decreased peripheral drive of ventilation.

  4. Direct Traumatic Carotid Cavernous Fistula: Angiographic Classification and Treatment Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Cuong Tran; Nguyen, Dang; Duc, Vo Tan; Chau, Huynh Hong; Son, Vo Tan

    2014-01-01

    Summary We report our experience in treatment of traumatic direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) via endovascular intervention. We hereof recommend an additional classification system for type A CCF and suggest respective treatment strategies. Only type A CCF patients (Barrow's classification) would be recruited for the study. Based on the angiographic characteristics of the CCF, we classified type A CCF into three subtypes including small size, medium size and large size fistula depending on whether there was presence of the anterior carotid artery (ACA) and/or middle carotid artery (MCA). Angiograms with opacification of both ACA and MCA were categorized as small size fistula. Angiograms with opacification of either ACA or MCA were categorized as medium size fistula and those without opacification of neither ACA nor MCA were classified as large size fiatula. After the confirm angiogram, endovascular embolization would be performed impromptu using detachable balloon, coils or both. All cases were followed up for complication and effect after the embolization. A total of 172 direct traumatic CCF patients were enrolled. The small size fistula was accountant for 12.8% (22 cases), medium size 35.5% (61 cases) and large size fistula accountant for 51.7% (89 cases). The successful rate of fistula occlusion under endovascular embolization was 94% with preservation of the carotid artery in 70%. For the treatment of each subtype, a total of 21/22 cases of the small size fistulas were successfully treated using coils alone. The other single case of small fistula was defaulted. Most of the medium and large size fistulas were cured using detachable balloons. When the fistula sealing could not be obtained using detachable balloon, coils were added to affirm the embolization of the cavernous sinus via venous access. There were about 2.9% of patient experienced direct carotid artery puncture and 0.6% puncture after carotid artery cut-down exposure. About 30% of cases

  5. The prognostic role of carotid plaque ultrasonography in cardiac damage after carotid endarterectomy: carotid plaque and cardiac risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galyfos, George; Toutouzas, Konstantinos P; Benetos, George; Konstadoulakis, Manousos; Theodorou, Dimitrios; Katsaragakis, Stilianos; Stefanadis, Christodoulos; Zografos, Georgios; Filis, Konstantinos

    2016-10-01

    This study evaluates the correlation of ultrasound determined carotid plaque morphology with coronary risk and cardiac damage after carotid endarterectomy. Fifty patients (in a series of 162) scheduled for carotid endarterectomy had the indication for coronary CT-angiography preoperatively and were included in this study. Patients were classified according to ultrasonographic characteristics of carotid plaque. The Duke Criteria were used to assess the degree of coronary risk (low, medium and high risk). Cardiac damage after carotid endarterectomy was evaluated based on symptoms, cardiac Troponin I measurement and electrocardiographic findings. There were no deaths, strokes or symptomatic myocardial infarctions postoperatively (30-day results). Ten patients (20%) showed asymptomatic cardiac damage postoperatively. Cardiac damage after surgery did not show any difference between the three cardiac risk groups. Echogenic and specifically Type IV carotid artery plaques (Gray-Weale Criteria) were associated with high cardiac risk preoperatively and with postoperative cardiac damage. The degree of carotid artery stenosis, and echolucent carotid plaques were not associated with postoperative cardiac damage. Asymptomatic postoperative cardiac damage occurs often after carotid endarterectomy and presents independently from coronary risk. Carotid plaques of higher echogenicity are associated with severity of coronary artery disease and cardiac damage after carotid endarterectomy.

  6. Cavernous sinus thrombosis secondary to aspergillus granuloma: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenet, Esteban; Boulagnon-Rombi, Camille; N'guyen, Yohan; Litré, Claude-Fabien

    2016-10-01

    Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but serious complication of sphenoid aspergillosis. The rarity of this pathology makes its diagnostic very difficult on a clinical, biological and radiological sense. The authors present a case of cavernous sinus thrombosis with ipsilateral internal carotid artery thrombosis secondary to a non-invasive sphenoid aspergillosis in an immunocompetent host, responsible of a cavernous syndrome associated to a Claude Bernard Horner syndrome. One year after surgery, the patient is still asymptomatic without recurrence. Diagnostic modalities are detailed and several management of this pathology are compared. Surgery is essential in a diagnostic and therapeutic sense. There is no evidence of the interest of adjuvant therapies such as antibiotic and anticoagulation. Concerning the antifungal treatment, the attitude towards a non-invasive sphenoid aspergillosis in an immunocompetent host is unclear. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Carotid cavernous fistula after elective carotid endarterectomy: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Asser

    2014-12-01

    This is a case to illustrate a rare complication of carotid artery surgery. The patient had atherosclerotic vessel damage of ICA visible on earlier CT scans. This combined with abrupt increase of transmural pressure due to the revascularization procedure could possibly lead to arterial wall rupture and fistula formation.

  8. Towards the sensory nature of the carotid body: Hering, De Castro and Heymans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando De Castro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The carotid body or glomus caroticum is a chemosensory organ bilaterally located between the external and internal carotid arteries. Although known by anatomists since the report included by Von Haller and Taube in the mid XVIIIth century, its detailed study started the first quarter of the XXth. The Austro-German physiologist Heinrich E. Hering studied the cardio-respiratory reflexes searched for the anatomical basis of this reflex in the carotid sinus, while the Ghent School leaded by the physio-pharmacologists Jean-François Heymans and his son Corneille focussed in the cardio-aortic reflexogenic region. In 1925, Fernando De Castro, one of the youngest and more brilliant disciples of Santiago Ramón y Cajal at the Laboratorio de Investigaciones Biológicas (Madrid, Spain, profited from some original novelties in histological procedures to study the fine structure and innervation of the carotid body. De Castro unravelled them in a series of scientific papers published between 1926 and 1929, which became the basis to consider the carotid body as a sensory receptor (or chemoreceptor to detect the chemical changes in the composition of the blood. Indeed, this was the first description of arterial chemoreceptors. Impressed by the novelty and implications of the work of De Castro, Corneille Heymans invited the Spanish neurologist to visit Ghent on two occasions (1929 and 1932, where both performed experiences together. Shortly after, Heymans visited De Castro at the Instituto Cajal (Madrid. From 1932-33, Corneille Heymans focused all his attention on the carotid body his physiological demonstration of De Castro’s hypothesis regarding chemoreceptors was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1938, just when Spain was immersed in its catastrophic Civil War.

  9. Sinus Histiocytosis with Massive Lymphadenopathy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1974-03-09

    Mar 9, 1974 ... REPORT OF TWO ADDITIONAL CASES WITH ULTRASTRUCTURAL. OBSERVATIONS c. C. SUNCLAIR~NUTH. L. B. KAHN. C. J. UYS. SUMMARY. Two cases of a recently described entity, 'sinus histio- cytosis with massive lymphadenopathy,' occurring in Black males, are reported. Prominent cervical ...

  10. Systemic corticosteroids for acute sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, R.P.; Thompson, M.J.; Hayward, G.; Heneghan, C.J.; Mar, C.B. Del; Perera, R.; Glasziou, P.P.; Rovers, M.M.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Acute sinusitis is the inflammation and swelling of the nasal and paranasal mucous membranes and is a common reason for patients to seek primary care consultations. The related impairment of daily functioning and quality of life is attributable to symptoms such as facial pain and nasal

  11. Electrochemical detection of catecholamine release from rat carotid body in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, D F

    1993-05-01

    Neurotransmitter secretion from carotid body glomus cells is hypothesized to be an essential element of chemotransduction. To address one aspect of this hypothesis, catecholamine release in response to hypoxic hypoxia and histotoxic hypoxia was examined using electrically treated carbon-fiber microelectrodes placed in rat carotid bodies in vitro. Carotid bodies of mature rats were removed, along with a portion of the sinus nerve, and suspended in oxygenated (95% O2-5% CO2) Ringer saline at 35 degrees C. The microelectrode differential current after a 50-mV step was recorded over the potential range of -300 to +500 mV. In some preparations, a suction electrode applied to the sinus nerve recorded single-fiber chemoreceptor afferent activity. Stimulation by severe hypoxia (Po2 approximately 0-10 Torr for 3 min, n = 10) and cyanide (2 mM for 2 min) caused an increase in sinus nerve activity and an increase in the carbon-fiber electrode current at a potential corresponding to the oxidation potential of dopamine. As measured in the amperometric mode (constant voltage), tissue catecholamine was 0.35 +/- 0.05 microM (n = 6) and increased to 1.64 +/- 0.43 microM by 1 min of severe hypoxia or to 1.06 +/- 0.17 microM at 2 min of moderate hypoxia (Po2 approximately 50 Torr). Exposure to calcium-free Ringer saline before hypoxia ablated the increase in electrode current, and the response was restored after reperfusion with calcium-containing saline. Repeated exposures to hypoxia (3-min duration) every 15 min resulted in significantly smaller nerve and catecholamine responses. By the third hypoxia exposure, nerve and catecholamine responses were diminished by 30-50%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  12. Silent sinus syndrome: An imploding antrum syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sneha H Choudhary

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Silent sinus syndrome (SSS is a rare entity that is associated with spontaneous, painless, unilateral enophthalmos and hypoglobus resulting from downward bowing of the orbital floor in the absence of any symptomatic sinonasal disease. The diagnosis is suspected clinically, but it is confirmed radiologically by its characteristic imaging features that include maxillary sinus outlet obstruction, sinus opacification and sinus volume loss caused by inward retraction of the sinus walls. The purpose of this article is to acquaint the reader with the clinical and imaging features of the SSS, along with a brief discussion about its pathogenesis and treatment, which is relatively unknown among oral and maxillofacial radiologists.

  13. Mucocoele of the maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perić Aleksandar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Mucocoele is histopathologically benign, cystic change of paranasal sinuses filled with mucoid contents, which with its growth is pressuring and destroying local bone walls. In only 3% of the cases it can be localized in maxillary sinuses. Etiology is unknown. Pyocoele develops by secondary infection. Case report. The male patient was 21 years old. His symptoms were runny nose with thick contents and heavy breathing on the right side of the nose, headaches, as well as the swelling of the right cheek. During clinical examination, the expansive change was found. It was completely closing the right side of the nose cavity. Computerized tomography (CT of paranasal cavities showed excessive expansion of the right maxillary sinus, with very thinned walls, while the cavity was filled with liquid. After antibiotics therapy, the radical operation of the right maxillary sinus was performed, based on Caldwell Luc method. The frontal wall was found to be extremely convex and thinned, while the medial wall was with dehiscention. The cystic change was extirpated. Mucocoele was proved by pathohistologic findings. Its wall was about 2 mm thick and it showed squamous metaplasia in the large part of the mucocoela epithel. In the submucosa fibrosis and inflammatory infiltrate was present. Postoperative follow-up was under control. Clinically and radiographycaly, six months after therapy, the patient does not have troubles. Conclusion. The rare localization of the mucocoeles in maxillary sinus can be explained with the width of the maxillary ostia. Infected mucocoeles, expanded to the local anatomical structures, should be operated on with classic radical surgical operation. .

  14. Carotid revascularization and medical management for asymptomatic carotid stenosis: Protocol of the CREST-2 clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Virginia J; Meschia, James F; Lal, Brajesh K; Turan, Tanya N; Roubin, Gary S; Brown, Robert D; Voeks, Jenifer H; Barrett, Kevin M; Demaerschalk, Bart M; Huston, John; Lazar, Ronald M; Moore, Wesley S; Wadley, Virginia G; Chaturvedi, Seemant; Moy, Claudia S; Chimowitz, Marc; Howard, George; Brott, Thomas G

    2017-10-01

    Rationale Trials conducted decades ago demonstrated that carotid endarterectomy by skilled surgeons reduced stroke risk in asymptomatic patients. Developments in carotid stenting and improvements in medical prevention of stroke caused by atherothrombotic disease challenge understanding of the benefits of revascularization. Aim Carotid Revascularization and Medical Management for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Trial (CREST-2) will test whether carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting plus contemporary intensive medical therapy is superior to intensive medical therapy alone in the primary prevention of stroke in patients with high-grade asymptomatic carotid stenosis. Methods and design CREST-2 is two multicenter randomized trials of revascularization plus intensive medical therapy versus intensive medical therapy alone. One trial randomizes patients to carotid endarterectomy plus intensive medical therapy versus intensive medical therapy alone; the other, to carotid stenting plus intensive medical therapy versus intensive medical therapy alone. The risk factor targets of centrally directed intensive medical therapy are LDL cholesterol medical therapy alone arm is 4.8% higher or 2.8% lower than an anticipated 3.6% rate in the revascularization arm. Discussion Management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis requires contemporary randomized trials to address whether carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting plus intensive medical therapy is superior in preventing stroke beyond intensive medical therapy alone. Whether carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting has favorable effects on cognition will also be tested. Trial registration United States National Institutes of Health Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02089217.

  15. Resection of recurrent neck cancer with carotid artery replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, Giulio; Schneider, Fabrice; Minni, Antonio; Calio, Francesco G; Pizzardi, Giulia; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste

    2016-05-01

    The management of patients with recurrent neck cancer invading the carotid artery is controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate overall survival rate, primary patency of vascular reconstructions, and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) after en bloc resection of the carotid artery and tumor with in-line polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) carotid grafting, followed by radiotherapy. From 2000 to 2014, 31 consecutive patients with recurrent neck cancer invading the carotid artery underwent en bloc resection and simultaneous carotid artery reconstruction with a PTFE graft, which was associated in 18 cases with a myocutaneous flap. The primary tumor was a squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx in 17 patients and of the hypopharynx in 7, an undifferentiated carcinoma of unknown origin in 4, and an anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid in 3. All of the patients underwent postoperative radiotherapy (50-70 Gy), and 10 of them also underwent chemotherapy (doxorubicin and cisplatin). None of the patients died or sustained a stroke during the first 30 days after the index procedure. Postoperative morbidity consisted of 6 transitory dysphagias, 3 vocal cord palsies, 2 wound dehiscences, 1 transitory mandibular claudication, and 1 partial myocutaneous flap necrosis. No graft infection occurred during follow-up. Fifteen patients (48%) died from metastatic cancer during a mean follow-up of 45.4 months (range, 8-175 months). None of the patients showed evidence of local recurrence, stroke, or thrombosis of the carotid reconstruction. The 5-year survival rate was 49 ± 10%. The overall number of QALYs was 3.12 (95% confidence interval, 1.87-4.37) with a significant difference between patients without metastasis at the time of redo surgery (n = 26; QALYs, 3.74) and those with metastasis (n = 5; QALYs, 0.56; P = .005). QALYs were also significantly improved in patients with cancer of the larynx (n = 17; QALYs, 4.69) compared to patients presenting with other types of

  16. Allergic fungal sinusitis causing nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Charles; Kacker, Ashutosh; Chee, Ru-Ik; Lelli, Gary J

    2013-04-01

    Allergic fungal sinusitis is thought to represent a chronic autoimmune reaction directed against fungal elements within the sinuses, and is commonly seen in individuals with a history of chronic sinusitis that is refractory to medical therapy. The authors present a case of allergic fungal sinusitis involving the lacrimal drainage system. A 54-year-old woman initially presented with recurrent erythema and induration of the left nasolacrimal sac due to dacryocystitis, which was unresponsive to treatment with topical and systemic antibiotics. Radiological evaluation demonstrated the presence of multiple soft tissue masses along the medial canthi. During subsequent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, significant amounts of allergic mucin were found within the sinuses and marked eosinophilia was present within tissue obtained from the lacrimal sac, findings highly suggestive of allergic fungal sinusitis. A diagnosis of allergic fungal sinusitis should be considered in patients presenting with epiphora in the appropriate clinical context. However, involvement of the lacrimal drainage system is an exceedingly unusual presentation.

  17. Mechanical Stresses in Carotid Plaques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samuel, Samuel Alberg

    simulationer, som tillod beregning af longitudinelle stress-niveauer i den fibrøse kappe. Afhandlingen indeholder tre artikler, som beskriver denne metode. Den første; “Mechanical Stresses in Carotid Plaques using MRI-Based Fluid Structure Interaction Models”, beskriver i detaljer metoden til at danne de...

  18. Bilateral indirect carotid cavernous fistula post trivial injury– A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Hajar Mat Abu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fifty-seven years old Malay lady, post menopausal with co-morbid of diabetes mellitus and hypertension presented with three months history of bilateral painful red eyes associated with double vision. Examination revealed both eyes proptosis, corkscrew vessels with present of bruit, secondary narrow angle with raised intraocular pressure, 6th cranial nerve palsy, and bilateral venous stasis retinopathy. CT angiogram showed bilateral dilated superior ophthalmic veins with cerebral angiogram findings of bilateral indirect carotid cavernous fistula involving small meningeal vessels. Indirect or dural cavernous sinus Fistula can easily be missed or misdiagnosed. Trivial injury especially in the predisposing patient can initiate the occurrence.

  19. Elevated Intraocular Pressure due to Arteriovenous Fistula between External Carotid Artery and Facial Vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cagatay, Halil Huseyin; Ekinci, Metin; Sendul, Selam Yekta; Uslu, Ceylan; Demir, Mehmet; Ulusay, Sıtkı Mert; Uysal, Ender; Seker, Selma

    2014-01-01

    Aqueous outflow via the conventional outflow pathway is dependent on the pressure gradient between intraocular pressure (IOP) and episcleral venous pressure (EVP). Elevated IOP resulting from increased EVP is a well-known complication of arteriovenous fistulas, which are usually between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Arteriovenous malformations usually occur spontaneously, after a trauma or from iatrogenic causes, and they manifest with findings of chemosis, dilatation of the conjunctival vessels, exophthalmos, and extraocular motility limitation. In this study, we present a case of elevated IOP due to facial arteriovenous malformations following a functional neck dissection surgery that caused intraocular pressure elevation.

  20. Elevated Intraocular Pressure due to Arteriovenous Fistula between External Carotid Artery and Facial Vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil Huseyin Cagatay

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aqueous outflow via the conventional outflow pathway is dependent on the pressure gradient between intraocular pressure (IOP and episcleral venous pressure (EVP. Elevated IOP resulting from increased EVP is a well-known complication of arteriovenous fistulas, which are usually between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Arteriovenous malformations usually occur spontaneously, after a trauma or from iatrogenic causes, and they manifest with findings of chemosis, dilatation of the conjunctival vessels, exophthalmos, and extraocular motility limitation. In this study, we present a case of elevated IOP due to facial arteriovenous malformations following a functional neck dissection surgery that caused intraocular pressure elevation.

  1. Ex vivo comparative study on three sinus lift tools for transcrestal detaching maxillary sinus mucosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yanfeng; Hu, Pin; Han, Yishi; Fan, Jiadong; Dong, Xinming; Ren, Huan; Yang, Chunhao; Shi, Tingting; Xia, Dong

    2017-07-04

    The objective of this study was to comparatively evaluate 3 different sinus lift tools, namely umbrella-shaped sinus lift curette YSL-04, our recently designed probe-improved sinus lift curettes, and our newly invented elevator 014, using our previous developed goat ex vivo models for direct visualizing the effectiveness of detaching sinus mucosa in real time. Goat ex vivo models for direct visualizing the effectiveness of detaching sinus mucosa in real time were generated according to our previously developed protocol. The effectiveness for each tool was evaluated through the length of sinus mucosa detached in mesial and distal directions or buccal and palatal directions, and the space volume created by detaching maxillary sinus mucosa in mesial, distal, buccal and palatal directions. The results showed that all 3 sinus lift tools could transcrestally detach the maxillary sinus mucosa and create extra space under the elevated sinus floor on the goat ex vivo sinus models. Moreover, our newly invented elevator 014 had advantages over the other 2 in term of the capability to detach the sinus mucosa. Our newly invented elevator 014 might be a promising tool for detaching maxillary sinus mucosa in transcrestal maxillary sinus floor elevation.

  2. Anatomical aspects of sinus floor elevations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Bergh, J P; ten Bruggenkate, C M; Disch, F J; Tuinzing, D B

    2000-06-01

    Inadequate bone height in the lateral part of the maxilla forms a contra-indication for implant surgery. This condition can be treated with an internal augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor. This sinus floor elevation, formerly called sinus lifting, consists of a surgical procedure in which a top hinge door in the lateral maxillary sinus wall is prepared and internally rotated to a horizontal position. The new elevated sinus floor, together with the inner maxillary mucosa, will create a space that can be filled with graft material. Sinus lift procedures depend greatly on fragile structures and anatomical variations. The variety of anatomical modalities in shape of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus defines the surgical approach. Conditions such as sinus floor convolutions, sinus septum, transient mucosa swelling and narrow sinus may form a (usually relative) contra-indication for sinus floor elevation. Absolute contra-indications are maxillary sinus diseases (tumors) and destructive former sinus surgery (like the Caldwell-Luc operation). The lateral sinus wall is usually a thin bone plate, which is easily penetrated with rotating or sharp instruments. The fragile Schneiderian membrane plays an important role for the containment of the bonegraft. The surgical procedure of preparing the trap door and luxating it, together with the preparation of the sinus mucosa, may cause a mucosa tear. Usually, when these perforations are not too large, they will fold together when turning the trap door inward and upward, or they can be glued with a fibrin sealant, or they can be covered with a resorbable membrane. If the perforation is too large, a cortico-spongious block graft can be considered. However, in most cases the sinus floor elevation will be deleted. Perforations may also occur due to irregularities in the sinus floor or even due to immediate contact of sinus mucosa with oral mucosa. Obstruction of the antro-nasal foramen is, due to its high location, not a

  3. Fate of the external carotid artery following carotid interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Kevin; Zhou, Wei; Tedesco, Maureen M; Al-Khatib, Weesam K; Hernandez-Boussard, Tina; Bech, Fritz

    2009-01-01

    The external carotid artery (ECA) is an important collateral pathway for cerebral blood flow. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) typically crosses the ECA, while carotid endarterectomy (CEA) includes deliberate ECA plaque removal. The purpose of the present study was to compare the long-term patency of the ECA following CAS and CEA as determined by carotid duplex ultrasound. Duplex ultrasounds and hospital records were reviewed for consecutive patients undergoing CAS between February 2002 and April 2008, and were compared with those undergoing CEA in the same time period. Preoperative and postoperative ECA peak systolic velocities were normalized to the common carotid artery (CCA) as ECA/CCA ratios. A significant (80% or greater) ECA stenosis was defined as an ECA/CCA ratio of 4.0. A change of ratio by more than 1 was defined as significant. Data were analyzed using Student's t test and χ(2) analysis. A total of 86 CAS procedures in 83 patients were performed (81 men, mean age 69.9 years). Among them, 38.4% of patients had previous CEA, 9.6% of whom had contralateral internal carotid artery occlusion. Sixty-seven CAS and 65 CEA patients with complete duplex data in the same time period were included in the analyses. There was no difference in the incidence of severe ECA stenosis on preoperative ultrasound evaluations. During a mean follow-up of 34 months (range four to 78 months), three postprocedure ECA occlusions were found in the CAS group. The likelihood of severe stenosis or occlusion following CAS was 28.3%, compared with 11% following CEA (PECA status. Reduction in the patient's degree of ECA stenosis was observed in 9.4% of CAS versus 26.6% of CEA patients. Overall, immediate postoperative ratios of both groups were slightly improved, but there was a trend of more disease progression in the CAS group during follow-up. CAS is associated with a higher incidence of post-procedure ECA stenosis. Despite the absence of neurological symptoms, a trend toward late

  4. Intranasal steroids for acute sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalmanovici Trestioreanu, Anca; Yaphe, John

    2013-12-02

    Acute sinusitis is a common reason for primary care visits. It causes significant symptoms and often results in time off work and school. We examined whether intranasal corticosteroids (INCS) are effective in relieving symptoms of acute sinusitis in adults and children. We searched CENTRAL 2013, Issue 4, MEDLINE (January 1966 to May week 2, 2013), EMBASE (1990 to May 2013) and bibliographies of included studies. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing INCS treatment to placebo or no intervention in adults and children with acute sinusitis. Acute sinusitis was defined by clinical diagnosis and confirmed by radiological evidence or by nasal endoscopy. The primary outcome was the proportion of participants with either resolution or improvement of symptoms. Secondary outcomes were any adverse events that required discontinuation of treatment, drop-outs before the end of the study, rates of relapse, complications and return to school or work. Two review authors independently extracted data, assessed trial quality and resolved discrepancies by consensus. No new trials were found for inclusion in this update. Four studies involving 1943 participants with acute sinusitis met our inclusion criteria. The trials were well-designed and double-blind and studied INCS versus placebo or no intervention for 15 or 21 days. The rates of loss to follow-up were 7%, 11%, 41% and 10%. When we combined the results from the three trials included in the meta-analysis, participants receiving INCS were more likely to experience resolution or improvement in symptoms than those receiving placebo (73% versus 66.4%; risk ratio (RR) 1.11; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04 to 1.18). Higher doses of INCS had a stronger effect on improvement of symptoms or complete relief: for mometasone furoate 400 µg versus 200 µg (RR 1.10; 95% CI 1.02 to 1.18 versus RR 1.04; 95% CI 0.98 to 1.11). No significant adverse events were reported and there was no significant difference in the drop-out and

  5. CT of the paranasal sinuses is not a valid indicator for sinus surgery in CF patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jacob; Aanæs, Kasper; Norling, Rikke

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: No guidelines comprise when or to what extent sinus surgery should be done in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) or how a CT scan of the paranasal sinuses should influence the decision. Symptoms of rhinosinusitis and/or eradication of pathogenic bacteria from the sinuses are reasons...... for sinus surgery. METHODS: In this observational cross sectional study, 55 CF cases had their preoperative CT scans scored according to the Lund Mackay- and the Nair-system. Correlations between the CT scans, symptoms, surgical findings and cultures obtained during sinus surgery were made. RESULTS...... is not a valid criterion for sinus surgery in CF patients....

  6. Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Crovetto Martínez, Rafael; Martin Arregui, Francisco Javier; Zabala López de Maturana, Aitor; Tudela Cabello, Kiara; Crovetto de la Torre, Miguel Angel

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid sinuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study performed on 55 patients diagn...

  7. Differential effects of carotid artery stenting versus carotid endarterectomy on external carotid artery patency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Edward Y; Karmacharya, Jagajan; Velazquez, Omaida C; Carpenter, Jeffrey P; Skelly, Christopher L; Fairman, Ronald M

    2007-04-01

    To determine the effect of stent coverage of the external carotid artery (ECA) after carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared to eversion endarterectomy of the ECA after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The records of 101 CAS and 165 CEA procedures performed over 2 years were reviewed. Duplex velocities and history and physical examinations were taken prior to the procedure, at 1 month, and at 6-month intervals subsequently. CAS was performed by extending the stent across the internal carotid artery (ICA) lesion into the common carotid artery (CCA) thereby covering the ECA. CEA was performed with eversion endarterectomy of the ECA. The mean peak systolic velocities (PSV) in the ICA pre-CAS and pre-CEA were 361 and 352 cm/s, respectively. In terms of CAS, there was a significant increase in ECA velocities versus baseline at 12 (p = 0.009), 18 (p = 0.00001), and 24 (p = 0.005) months. In the CEA group, there was a significant decrease in ECA velocities versus baseline at 1 (p = 0.01) and 6 (p = 0.004) months. There were 2 occluded ECAs in follow-up in the CAS group and none in the CEA group. No significant differences were noted when comparing preprocedural ICA or ECA velocities. However, at the 1-, 6-, and 12-month intervals, the ECA velocities in the CAS group were significantly higher than in the CEA group (p = 0.03, p = 0.001, and p = 0.0004, respectively). There were no neurological symptoms in any patients during the study period. Although progressive stenosis of the ECA is noted during CAS, the ECA usually does not occlude. Furthermore, there are no associated neurological symptoms. Thus, apprehension for progressive ECA occlusion should not be a contraindication to CAS. In addition, concern for ECA coverage should not deter stent extension from the ICA to the CCA during CAS.

  8. Anatomia endoscópica do seio esfenoidal Endoscopic anatomy of the sphenoid sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre A. Murta

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A importância da compreensão da anatomia interna do seio esfenoidal deve-se à sua peculiar localização no centro do crânio, com estruturas vizinhas de nobreza indiscutível, e por transparecer estas relações anatômicas em suas delgadas paredes internas. Forma de estudo: Anatômico. Material e método: No presente estudo foram dissecados endoscopicamente 52 seios esfenoidais, sendo suas saliências e depressões internas analisadas, correspondentes aos relevos internos produzidos pela artéria carótida interna, nervo óptico, nervo maxilar, e nervo vidiano. Resultado: Em 88,5% dos casos a artéria carótida interna apresentou-se saliente, e o nervo óptico o fez em 55,8%. O nervo vidiano e o nervo maxilar mostraram-se visíveis em 25% e 30,8% dos casos, respectivamente. Conclusão: Tais dados nos chamam a atenção para a rica e frágil anatomia interna do seio esfenoidal que, devido ao avanço dos métodos de cirurgia endoscópica, está progressivamente mais próxima e vulnerável a manobras e procedimentos cirúrgicos. Assim, sua compreensão torna-se essencial quando se trata de cirurgia endoscópica endonasal e seu horizonte de recursos técnicos.Introduction: The internal anatomy of the sphenoid sinus plays a role of great importance due to its peculiar placement in the center of the head, surrounded by important adjacent structures, which make themselves transparent in its internal walls. Study design: Anatomic. Material and method: In this study, 52 sphenoid sinus were endoscopically dissected, and the elevations and depressions presented on its internal walls, produced by the internal carotid artery and the optic, maxillary and vidian nerves, were analyzed. Results: In 88,5% of the cases, the internal carotid artery were projected into the sinus, while the optic nerve were in 55,8%. The vidian and maxillary nerves were salient in 25% and 30% respectively. Conclusion: These data point us to the rich end delicate

  9. Sphenoid sinus adenoid cystic carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marambaia, Otavio

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The sphenoid adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare malign neoplasm, in the head and neck and when located in the paranasal sinuses, it is formed in the minor salivary glands. It grows slowly and is characterized by a large invasion of the adjacent tissues, and also has a large capacity of metastasis. The surgery associated with post-operative radiotherapy is used as treatment. Objective: To describe a case of sphenoid sinus adenoid cystic carcinoma in a male, black, 62 year patient. Case Report: N.L.B., 62 years of age, male, had bloody rhinorrhea for 6 months associated with bilateral nasal obstruction. The nasofibroscopy showed lesion of polypoid aspect in the left nasal cavity. He was submitted to biopsy and the anatomopathological exam showed adenoid cystic carcinoma and the patient was forwarded to oncology. Conclusions: The importance of conducting the differential diagnosis between chronic nasosinusal infection and nasosinusal tumors.

  10. Acute internal carotid artery occlusion after carotid endarterectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masatoshi Yunoki

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We report two cases of acute carotid artery (CA occlusion following carotid endarterectomy (CEA. Case 1: a 58-year-old man was admitted with transient right-sided hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and MR angiography (MRA revealed cerebral infarction in the left cerebral hemisphere and left CA stenosis. Ten days after admission, he underwent CEA. 24 h after surgery, he developed right hemiplegia. MRI and MRA demonstrated a slightly enlarged infarction and left internal carotid artery (ICA occlusion. Emergency reoperation was performed and complete recanalization achieved. The patient made a clinically significant recovery. Case 2: a 65 year-old man underwent a right-sided CEA for an asymptomatic 80% CA stenosis. 48 h after surgery, his family noticed he was slightly disorientated. MRI and MRA revealed multiple infarctions and right ICA occlusion. He was treated with antiplatelet therapy without reoperation because sufficient cross-flow from the left ICA through the anterior communicating artery was demonstrated by angiography, and his neurological symptoms were mild. His symptoms gradually alleviated and he was discharged 14 days after surgery. With ICA occlusion after CEA, immediate re-operation is mandatory with severe neurological symptoms, whereas individualized judgement is needed when the symptoms are mild.

  11. Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting utilization trends over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skerritt, Matthew R; Block, Robert C; Pearson, Thomas A; Young, Kate C

    2012-03-29

    Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been the standard in atherosclerotic stroke prevention for over 2 decades. More recently, carotid artery stenting (CAS) has emerged as a less invasive alternative for revascularization. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether an increase in stenting parallels a decrease in endarterectomy, if there are specific patient factors that influence one intervention over the other, and how these factors may have changed over time. Using a nationally representative sample of US hospital discharge records, data on CEA and CAS procedures performed from 1998 to 2008 were obtained. In total, 253,651 cases of CEA and CAS were investigated for trends in utilization over time. The specific data elements of age, gender, payer source, and race were analyzed for change over the study period, and their association with type of intervention was examined by multiple logistic regression analysis. Rates of intervention decreased from 1998 to 2008 (P use displayed a significant downward trend (P use over the study period (P time, the proportion of white patients who received intervention decreased significantly (P gender, white race, and earlier in the study period were significant positive predictors of CEA use. Rates of carotid revascularization have decreased over time, although this has been the result of a reduction in CEA despite an overall increase in CAS. Among the specific patient factors analyzed, age, gender, race, and time were significantly associated with the utilization of these two interventions.

  12. Endovascular Modalities for the Treatment of Cavernous Sinus Arteriovenous Fistulas: A Single-Center Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Tamer; Rashad, Sherif; Aziz, Waseem; Sultan, Ahmed; Ibrahim, Tamer

    2015-12-01

    Cavernous sinus (CS) fistulas are classified into traumatic and spontaneous. Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are usually direct internal carotid artery (ICA) high-flow fistulas; whereas spontaneous CCFs are usually dural, low-flow fistulas and generally possess less severe symptoms than direct carotid-cavernous fistulas. This study involved 34 patients who were classified into 2 groups: Group A included 26 patients with direct carotid-cavernous fistula; and Group B included 8 patients with indirect dural cavernous fistula. All patients had ocular manifestations. One patient had subarachnoid hemorrhage. Coils were used alone in 19 cases of direct fistula and in 1 case of dural fistulas. Coils and Onyx (Covidien, Mansfield, MA, USA) were used in 7 cases of direct fistula and in 2 cases of dural fistulas. Onyx alone was used to treat 5 cases with dural fistulas but none of the cases with direct fistulas. Covered stents and coils were used in 2 cases of direct fistulas. All patients in both groups showed full recovery of their clinical signs and symptoms. Only 1 procedure-related complication was observed (3%) in which a patient had an embolic event and trigeminal dysesthesia as a result of Onyx reflux through external carotid artery-ICA anastomosis. Coils are superior solid embolic agents used for the treatment of direct high-flow fistulas, while Onyx is more valuable in dural low-flow CCF. Onyx shortens the procedure time and decreases procedure cost. Onyx injection inside the CS proper through the transarterial or transvenous route may be safer than Onyx injected inside dural arteries supplying the CS. However, more cases are needed to determine this. Copyright © 2015 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. [Surgical treatment of tumors of the carotid body with reconstruction of the internal carotid artery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reparaz, L; Magallón, P; Riera, L; Capilla, M T; Merino, M J; Martínez, I; Hernández, A; Sáez, L; Alamo, O; Jiménez Cossío, J A

    1990-01-01

    The experience about treatment in infiltrating tumors of Carotid Corpus, III Degree (Shamblin), is presented. Different methods of carotid reconstruction, and biologic and evolutive characteristics are emphasized, discussing preoperatory study and surgical technics.

  14. Effects of endoscopic sinus surgery and delivery device on cadaver sinus irrigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Richard J; Goddard, John C; Wise, Sarah K; Schlosser, Rodney J

    2008-07-01

    Assess paranasal sinus distribution of topical solutions following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) using various delivery devices. Experimental prospective study. Ten cadaver sinus systems were irrigated with Gastroview before surgery, after ESS, and after medial maxillectomy. Delivery was via pressurized spray (NasaMist), neti pot (NasaFlo), and squeeze bottle (Sinus Rinse). Scans were performed before and after each delivery with a portable CT machine (Xoran xCAT), and blinded assessments were made for distribution to individual sinuses. Total sinus distribution was greater post-ESS (P squeeze bottle > pressurized spray (P spray solutions in un-operated sinuses provide little more than nasal cavity distribution. Use of squeeze bottle/neti pot post-ESS offers a greatly enhanced ability to deliver solutions to the paranasal sinuses.

  15. Late recovery from foreign body sinusitis after maxillary sinus floor augmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felisati, Giovanni; Saibene, Alberto Maria; Lenzi, Riccardo; Pipolo, Carlotta

    2012-01-01

    A 55-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with signs and symptoms of recurring sinusitis after a right maxillary sinus floor augmentation for implantological purposes. Investigations showed an antibiotic-resistant ethmoidomaxillary sinusitis resulting from bone graft infection and displacement of previously inserted xenograft material into the maxillary sinus. The patient thus underwent a surgical procedure combining nasal endoscopy and oral surgery in order to remove the infected graft and restore sinusal drainage. The procedure was apparently successful but sinusitis relapsed after surgery and persisted despite 2 weeks of antibiotic therapy and local medications. A CT scan showed persistence of grafting fragments in the maxillary sinus. A new surgical procedure was scheduled while a more accurate endoscopic local medication was performed. Six hours after the treatment, the patient spontaneously expelled the fragments and promptly recovered. The patient successfully underwent another maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedure 6 months later. PMID:23234824

  16. Comprehensive review on endonasal endoscopic sinus surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Rainer K.; Hosemann, Werner

    2015-01-01

    Endonasal endoscopic sinus surgery is the standard procedure for surgery of most paranasal sinus diseases. Appropriate frame conditions provided, the respective procedures are safe and successful. These prerequisites encompass appropriate technical equipment, anatomical oriented surgical technique, proper patient selection, and individually adapted extent of surgery. The range of endonasal sinus operations has dramatically increased during the last 20 years and reaches from partial uncinectomy to pansinus surgery with extended surgery of the frontal (Draf type III), maxillary (grade 3–4, medial maxillectomy, prelacrimal approach) and sphenoid sinus. In addition there are operations outside and beyond the paranasal sinuses. The development of surgical technique is still constantly evolving. This article gives a comprehensive review on the most recent state of the art in endoscopic sinus surgery according to the literature with the following aspects: principles and fundamentals, surgical techniques, indications, outcome, postoperative care, nasal packing and stents, technical equipment. PMID:26770282

  17. [Sports-related carotid artery dissection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrouschot, J; Bormann, A; Routsi, D; Stoll, A

    2009-09-01

    Sports-related carotid artery dissection are very rare and were described in different kinds of sports. We report on a 45-year old man who suffered bilateral brain infarctions caused by bilateral extracranial internal carotid artery dissection after excessive weight lifting in a gym. As possible trigger factors for the dissections we assumed the abrupt extension of the neck during weight lifting and the frequent Valsalva manoeuvers with massive rise in the pressure in the carotid artery system. The patient underwent angioplasty and stenting of the stenosis of right carotid artery, the primarily occluded left carotid artery recanalized spontaneously. Secondary prevention was established by platelet aggregation inhibitors. The patient recovered completely. The pathogenesis of sports-related dissections is multifactorial. In addition to sporting activities hereditary or acquired structural aberrations in the arterial walls could be discussed. Acute focal neurological symptoms after sport should always focus on carotid or vertebral artery dissection. (c) Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart-New York.

  18. A Case of Hybrid Carotid Revascularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Prasad

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral infarction attributed to extracranial carotid and vertebral artery disease is defined as clinical stroke with evidence of infarction on brain imaging associated with >50% stenosis or occlusion of an extracranial carotid or vertebral artery documented by noninvasive imaging or angiography. Radiation to the neck poses a high risk for developing carotid stenosis. Even though the standard treatment for extracranial artery stenosis is carotid endarterectomy (CEA, higher rates of cranial nerve injury and wound complications including infection limit CEA applications in patients with prior radiation. Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS should be considered as an alternative to CEA for those patients with high surgical risk. We report a case of CAS in a patient who had prior neck radiation for malignancy, presenting with carotid stenosis.

  19. Kidney function during arterial chemoreceptor stimulation. I. Influence of unilateral renal nerve section, bilateral cervical vagotomy, constant artificial ventilation, and carotid body chemoreceptor inactivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, M; Ledderhos, C; Honig, A

    1985-01-01

    The reactions of renal hemodynamics and excretory function elicited by perfusion of the vascularly isolated carotid bodies with venous blood were studied in four groups of chloralosed cats in which the Nn. vagi, the breathing reactions, and the carotid body chemoreceptors were excluded successively. The kidney function was determined using clearance-techniques in both the innervated right and denervated left kidneys. In the animals with intact carotid chemoreceptors perfusion of the carotid bifurcations with venous blood caused a weak (4-6 mm Hg on the average) and transient increase of the mean systemic arterial blood pressure as well as a vasoconstriction and a fall of the blood flow and glomerular filtration rate in the innervated kidneys. In the spontaneously breathing animals carotid body chemoreceptor stimulation effected a rise of fractional sodium excretion only in the denervated kidneys whereas the relaxed and constantly ventilated cats showed a natriuretic response both at the innervated and denervated side. The reactions of renal excretory function did not correlate with those of renal hemodynamics. Vagotomy, relaxation, and constant artificial ventilation failed to abolish the responses elicited by stimulation of the chemoreceptors. Inactivation of the carotid body chemoreceptors by injecting acetic acid into the vascularly isolated carotid sinuses prevented both the hemodynamic and tubular reactions due to hypoxic-hypercapnic perfusion of the carotid bodies. The findings suggest that the arterial chemoreceptors control kidney function by specific reflex mechanisms. The influence of the carotid body chemoreceptors on kidney vasculature is mediated by the efferent renal nerves, whereas the control of renal tubular sodium reabsorption requires hormone action.

  20. [Florid tuberculosis of the paranasal sinuses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andratschke, M; Nerlich, A G; Hagedorn, H

    2009-11-01

    Infections due to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis of the head and neck region mainly affect the cervical lymph nodes. We report a rare case of paranasal sinus tuberculosis. The patient presented as an emergency with right-sided headache and epiphora. Clinical, radiological and laboratory results yielded a diagnosis of acute exacerbated chronic sinusitis with meningeal affection resulting from transmigration. Histological and molecular investigations confirmed mycobacterial infection of the paranasal sinuses.

  1. Systemic corticosteroid therapy for acute sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venekamp, Roderick P; Thompson, Matthew J; Rovers, Maroeska M

    Are oral or parenteral corticosteroids associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute sinusitis compared with placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? Oral corticosteroids combined with antibiotics may be associated with modest benefit for short-term relief of symptoms in adults with severe symptoms of acute sinusitis compared with antibiotics alone. Oral corticosteroids as monotherapy are not associated with improved clinical outcomes in adults with clinically diagnosed acute sinusitis.

  2. Teratoma of the cavernous sinus: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikus, H J; Holmes, B; Harbaugh, R E

    1995-05-01

    We report the case of an infant with a mature teratoma of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus. A complete excision of the tumor was achieved. There was no evidence of recurrence at 1-year follow-up examination. Intracranial teratomas and the anatomy of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus are briefly reviewed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a teratoma confined to the cavernous sinus.

  3. Odontogenic sinusitis: an ancient but under-appreciated cause of maxillary sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Nimish A; Ferguson, Berrylin J

    2012-02-01

    For well over 100 years, it has been appreciated that maxillary dental infections can cause sinusitis. This insight has been largely overlooked with the advent of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and its emphasis on the osteomeatal complex. We review several recent case series and reviews of odontogenic sinusitis that characterize and discuss emerging diagnostic modalities in odontogenic sinusitis. In recent publications on odontogenic sinusitis, up to 40% of chronic bacterial maxillary sinus infections are attributed to a dental source, which is far higher than the previously reported incidence of 10%. Plain dental films and dental evaluations frequently fail to detect maxillary dental infection that can be causing odontogenic sinusitis. However, sinus computed tomography (CT) or Cone Beam Volumetric CT (CBVCT) are far more successful in identifying dental disease causing sinusitis. The microbial pathogens of odontogenic sinusitis remain unchanged from earlier reviews; however, the clinical findings in odontogenic sinusitis are better described in recent reviews. Successful treatment of odontogenic sinusitis requires management of the odontogenic source and may require concomitant or subsequent sinus surgery. Odontogenic sinusitis is frequently recalcitrant to medical therapy and usually requires treatment of the dental disease. Sometimes dental treatment alone is adequate to resolve the odontogenic sinusitis and sometimes concomitant or subsequent ESS is required. Evaluation of all patients with persistent chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) should include inspection of the maxillary teeth on CT scan for evidence of periapical lucencies. Unilateral recalcitrant disease associated with foul smelling drainage is especially characteristic of odontogenic sinusitis. High-resolution CT scans and CBVCT can assist in identifying dental disease.

  4. Systemic corticosteroids for acute sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venekamp, Roderick P; Thompson, Matthew J; Hayward, Gail; Heneghan, Carl J; Del Mar, Chris B; Perera, Rafael; Glasziou, Paul P; Rovers, Maroeska M

    2014-03-25

    Acute sinusitis is the inflammation and swelling of the nasal and paranasal mucous membranes and is a common reason for patients to seek primary care consultations. The related impairment of daily functioning and quality of life is attributable to symptoms such as facial pain and nasal congestion. To assess the effects of systemic corticosteroids on clinical response rates and to determine adverse effects and relapse rates of systemic corticosteroids compared to placebo or standard clinical care in children and adults with acute sinusitis. We searched CENTRAL (2014, Issue 1), MEDLINE (1966 to February week 1, 2014) and EMBASE (January 2009 to February 2014). Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing systemic corticosteroids to placebo or standard clinical care for patients with acute sinusitis. Two review authors independently assessed the methodological quality of the trials and extracted data. Five RCTs with a total of 1193 adult participants met our inclusion criteria. We judged methodological quality to be moderate in four trials and high in one trial. Acute sinusitis was defined clinically in all trials. However, the three trials performed in ear, nose and throat (ENT) outpatient clinics also used radiological assessment as part of their inclusion criteria. All participants were assigned to either oral corticosteroids (prednisone 24 mg to 80 mg daily or betamethasone 1 mg daily) or the control treatment (placebo in four trials and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in one trial). In four trials antibiotics were prescribed in addition to oral corticosteroids or control treatment, while one trial investigated the effects of oral corticosteroids as a monotherapy.When combining data from the five trials, participants treated with oral corticosteroids were more likely to have short-term resolution or improvement of symptoms than those receiving the control treatment: at days three to seven (risk ratio (RR) 1.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1 to 1

  5. [Intracranial carotid artery bifurcation aneurysms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega-Basulto, S D; Montejo-Montejo, J

    Intracranial carotid artery bifurcation aneurysms are infrequent but its clinical behavior, high risk of bleeding and complex anatomic relationships of the sac permit to consider these lesions as a challenge cases. 497 patients harboring intracranial aneurysms were operated on at Manuel Ascunce Domenech Hospital, Camagüey, Cuba between January 1982 to august 2001. We utilized microsurgical procedures, optical magnification, specialized neuroanesthesia and Intensive Care Unit postoperatory following. All patients were evaluated clinically with World Federation Neurological Surgeon Scale and Glasgow Outcome Scale. There were 16 patients with intracranial carotid artery bifurcation aneurysms (3.2 %). 12 patients were under 40 years and 50% were between 16 and 30 years old. All patients present intracranial bleeding. There was 87.5% of total or partial recuperation. There was one death only. Postoperative deficit were observed at 44% but 31% disappeared three month later. Intracranial carotid artery bifurcation aneurysms are complex anatomoclinical lesions. Clinically, we observed high tendency to bleed and multiplicity. Anatomically, these sacs have complex arterial relationship that difficult dissection and clipping. They have frequent postoperative morbidity. Multiple or bilateral aneurysmal sacs will be clipped by one surgical procedure.

  6. Giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marambaia, Otavio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The osteomas are osseous lesions with slow and asymptomatic growth that most of the times is a finding in radiological exams requested for other reason. It's the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses. The osteomas are located mainly in the frontal sinus (57% to 80%, followed by the ethmoidal sinuses (20%, maxillary sinuses and rarely in the sphenoid sinus. It has a discreet predominance in the male sex 1.5 and its incidence is higher in the 3rd and 4th decades of life. The treatment is surgical no matter the size. Objective: To describe a case of giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus including a brief literature review. Case Report: JDA, male, 33 years old, presented with a right constant nasal obstruction for 01 year. Upon exam, he presented with facial asymmetry with lateralization of the right ocular globe. The computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a lesion with density of soft parts occupying partially the right nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and right maxillary. The patient was submitted to surgery with full exeresis of the lesion. The anatomopathological exam confirmed osteoma. The patient evolved without evidences of the lesion recurrence. Final Comments: The osteomas in the ethmoidal sinus, irrespectively of the size and due to the risk of complications, must be operated.

  7. [The occipital sinus: a radioanatomic study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaumont-Darcissac, M; Viart, L; Foulon, P; Le Gars, D; Havet, E; Peltier, J

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the presence of an occipital sinus in both children and adults, and to detail its main associated anatomical characteristics. One hundred of patients' MRI (3D T1 EG) between 0 and 86 years old were studied, in sagittal and axial sections, with the software DxMM. Occipital sinus length, perimeter, and cerebellar falx length measurements were performed with the software's tools. Forty-three percent of patients had an occipital sinus (average perimeter was 3.02 mm, average length was 19.85 mm), and 23.26% of these patients had a cerebellar falx, 30.23% of these patients had one vein or more draining into the occipital sinus. Sixty-two percent of children had an occipital sinus (average perimeter was 2.87 mm, average length was 21.63 mm), and 29.03% of them had a cerebellar falx. Twenty-four percent of adults had an occipital sinus (average perimeter was 3.4mm, average length was 15.28 mm), and 8.33% of them had a cerebellar falx. This work highlights a link between the age and the occipital sinus existence. The perimeter of this sinus seems to be superior for adults, but its length seems to be superior for children. A cerebellar falx with the occipital sinus was found more frequently for children. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  8. Endarterectomy for a symptomatic carotid web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phair, John; Trestman, Eric B; Yean, Chetra; Lipsitz, Evan C

    2017-10-01

    Background We report a symptomatic carotid web successfully treated with carotid endarterectomy. A healthy 43-year-old woman presented with acute-onset left-sided weakness. Carotid web was evident on computed tomography angiography as a focal filling defect in the right common carotid artery. This right common carotid artery web extended into the ICA created an eddy resulting in turbulent flow. Subsequent acute embolus formation led to embolization and acute stroke. Method Review of the literature was performed using Medline Plus and PubMed databases. Result The patient underwent carotid endarterectomy with primary closure. Procedure was well tolerated and there was an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Arterial webs are a rare arteriopathy and a usual arrangement of fibromuscular intralumenal in-growth with unclear etiology. It is however, an important potential etiology of stroke in patients without traditional atherosclerotic risk factors. Carotid web and atypical carotid fibromuscular dysplasia should be considered in young, otherwise healthy patients presenting with stroke and without the typical risk factors for atherosclerotic carotid disease and stroke.

  9. Treatment of chronic sinusitis in a horse with systemic and intra-sinus antimicrobials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Danielle L; Radtke, Catherine L

    2017-03-01

    A 12-year-old Norwegian Fjord gelding was diagnosed with paranasal sinusitis as a post-operative complication of tooth repulsion surgery. The infection with inspissated purulent material persisted despite sinus trephination and lavage, and systemic antimicrobial therapy. Resolution occurred following infusion of a gelatin/penicillin mixture into the right rostral and caudal maxillary sinus.

  10. Treating Sinusitis: Don't Rush to Antibiotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AAAAI) Treating Sinusitis (AAAAI) Don’t rush to antibiotics DOWNLOAD PDF The sinuses are small, hollow spaces ... or teeth. Each year, millions of people use antibiotic drugs to treat sinus problems. However, they usually ...

  11. Allergic fungal sinusitis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorp, Brian D; McKinney, Kibwei A; Rose, Austin S; Ebert, Charles S

    2012-06-01

    Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a subtype of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) characterized by type I hypersensitivity, nasal polyposis, characteristic computed tomography scan findings, eosinophilic mucus, and the presence of fungus on surgical specimens without evidence of tissue invasion. This refractory subtype of CRS is of the great interest in the pediatric population, given the relatively early age of onset and the difficulty in managing AFS through commercially available medical regimens. Almost universally, a diagnosis of AFS requires operative intervention. Postoperative adjuvant medical therapy is a mainstay in the treatment paradigm of pediatric AFS. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Aneurismatisk knoglecyste i sinus maxillaris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Annegrete Aalkjær; Jensen, Margarat Malgorzata; Iyer, Victor Vishwanath

    2017-01-01

    This case report describes a primary aneurysmal bone cyst in the maxillary sinus of a 50-year-old woman. She had nonspecific symptoms through four years of tearing, muscle tension in the face and neck as well as a sense of altered sound of speech. A magnetic resonance imaging of the facial skeleton...... showed multiple cystic processes with liquid mirror in nearly all large cysts. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of a rare aneurysmal bone cyst, and the operation was done by endoscopic resection. At the one-month post-operative control there was no recurrence....

  13. Carotid body, insulin and metabolic diseases: unravelling the links

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia V Conde

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The carotid bodies (CB are peripheral chemoreceptors that sense changes in arterial blood O2, CO2 and pH levels. Hypoxia, hypercapnia and acidosis activate the CB, which respond by increasing the action potential frequency in their sensory nerve, the carotid sinus nerve (CSN. CSN activity is integrated in the brain stem to induce a panoply of cardiorespiratory reflexes aimed, primarily, to normalize the altered blood gases, via hyperventilation, and to regulate blood pressure and cardiac performance, via sympathetic nervous system (SNS activation. Besides its role in the cardiorespiratory control the CB has been proposed as a metabolic sensor implicated in the control of energy homeostasis and, more recently, in the regulation of whole body insulin sensitivity. Hypercaloric diets cause CB overactivation in rats, which seems to be at the origin of the development of insulin resistance and hypertension, core features of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Consistent with this notion, CB sensory denervation prevents metabolic and hemodynamic alterations in hypercaloric feed animal. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA is another chronic disorder characterized by increased CB activity and intimately related with several metabolic and cardiovascular abnormalities. In this manuscript we review in a concise manner the putative pathways linking CB chemoreceptors deregulation with the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and arterial hypertension. Also, the link between chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH and insulin resistance is discussed. Then, a final section is devoted to debate strategies to reduce CB activity and its use for prevention and therapeutics of metabolic diseases with an emphasis on new exciting research in the modulation of bioelectronic signals, likely to be central in the future.

  14. Presentation, natural history, and management of carotid cavernous aneurysms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiebel-Kalish, Hadas; Kalish, Yuval; Bar-On, Ruth Huna; Setton, Avi; Niimi, Yasu; Berenstein, Alejandro; Kupersmith, Mark J

    2005-11-01

    We present the largest reported cohort of carotid cavernous aneurysms (CCA), comparing the neuro-ophthalmic presentation, complications, and outcome with and without endovascular treatment. Retrospective review of 185 patients with 206 CCAs examined between 1980 and 2001 at a tertiary neuro-ophthalmology and neurovascular service. Patients' symptoms and findings at presentation were recorded and compared with those at outcome. The effect of treatment on outcome and on complication rate was analyzed using the chi test, multivariate analysis of covariance, model-selection log-linear analysis, and multinomial logistic regression. Long-term follow-up was available for 189 of 206 CCAs. Seventy-four CCAs underwent treatment (endovascular, 67 [91%]; surgical treatment, 6 [9%]), and 115 were followed for an average of 4 years, two of which required later treatment. Treatment reduced the incidence and severity of pain, even after adjusting for the severity of initial pain (F(1,192 = 9.59, P = 0.002). Treatment did not significantly affect the patient's final diplopia after adjusting for their initial diplopia (F(1, 182 = 2.01, P = 0.158). Statistical examination revealed that the treated group had a higher proportion of neurological and visual complications than people who were not treated (2(2). = 25.26, P = 0.0003). Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous aneurysms leads to a significantly higher rate of pain resolution compared with untreated patients, even after adjusting for initial pain severity. Diplopia may not resolve after treatment. The results of this study underscore our approach indicating treatment only in cases of debilitating pain, visual loss from compression, or diplopia in primary gaze or in patients with risk factors for major complications such as pre-existing coagulopathy or sphenoid sinus erosion.

  15. Purines and Carotid Body: New Roles in Pathological Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia V. Conde

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available It is known that adenosine and adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP are excitatory mediators involved in carotid body (CB hypoxic signaling. The CBs are peripheral chemoreceptors classically defined by O2, CO2, and pH sensors. When hypoxia activates the CB, it induces the release of neurotransmitters from chemoreceptor cells leading to an increase in the action potentials frequency at the carotid sinus nerve (CSN. This increase in the firing frequency of the CSN is integrated in the brainstem to induce cardiorespiratory compensatory responses. In the last decade several pathologies, as, hypertension, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea and heart failure have been associated with CB overactivation. In the first section of the present manuscript we review in a concise manner fundamental aspects of purine metabolism. The second section is devoted to the role of purines on the hypoxic response of the CB, providing the state-of-the art for the presence of adenosine and ATP receptors in the CB; for the role of purines at presynaptic level in CB chemoreceptor cells, as well as, its metabolism and regulation; at postsynaptic level in the CSN activity; and on the ventilatory responses to hypoxia. Recently, we have showed that adenosine is involved in CB hypersensitization during chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH, which mimics obstructive sleep apnea, since caffeine, a non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist that inhibits A2A and A2B adenosine receptors, decreased CSN chemosensory activity in animals subjected to CIH. Apart from this involvement of adenosine in CB sensitization in sleep apnea, it was recently found that P2X3 ATP receptor in the CB contributes to increased chemoreflex hypersensitivity and hypertension in spontaneously hypertension rats. Therefore the last section of this manuscript is devoted to review the recent findings on the role of purines in CB-mediated pathologies as hypertension, diabetes and sleep apnea emphasizing the potential

  16. Maxillary sinus anatomic and pathologic CT findings in edentulous patients scheduled for sinus augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drăgan, Eliza; Rusa, Oana; Nemţoi, A; Melian, G; Mihai, C; Haba, Danisia

    2014-01-01

    An aberrant sinus anatomy or pathology can influence the sinus lift technique if it is encountered during surgical exposure. The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of sinus disease and variations of normal anatomy among edentulous patients prior to sinus augmentation. 120 patients attending a private surgical practice (53 women and 67 men, with a mean age of 62.02 years, ranging between 34 and 81 years old) for whom treatment was planned for sinus augmentation were evaluated--medical history, radiographic and clinical examinations. Computerized tomograms (CT) and 3D reconstructions from 240 sinuses were analyzed using Dental CT. Abnormalities were diagnosed in 74.2% of cases. Mucosal thickening was the most prevalent abnormality (68.3%), followed by retention cysts (15.8%) and opacification (9.2%). The diagnosed conditions included mucosal thickening, chronic sinusitis, sinus cysts and polyps. The prevalence of one or more septa per sinus was found to be 30%. Males present pathology more often than females (p=.028). No statistical correlation could be found between age and pathology (p>0.05) No significant differences in age or gender between patients with and without sinus septum were found (p>0.05). The results reinforce the importance of thorough history taking and clinical and radiographic assessment prior to performing sinus augmentation, to prevent the probability of complications.

  17. The role of the uncinate process in sinusitis aetiology: isolated agenesis versus maxillary sinus hypoplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uluyol, S; Arslan, İ B; Demir, A; Mercan, G C; Dogan, O; Çukurova, İ

    2015-05-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of maxillary sinus hypoplasia and isolated agenesis of the uncinate process in sinusitis aetiology. Three patients with isolated agenesis of the uncinate process and 27 patients with 43 maxillary sinus hypoplasia variations were recruited. The frequencies of sinusitis episodes and radiological findings were compared between patient subgroups. In all, 23 type I maxillary sinus hypoplasia, 13 type II maxillary sinus hypoplasia and 7 type III maxillary sinus hypoplasia variations were detected. Patients with isolated agenesis of the uncinate process underwent antibiotic treatment an average of 7 times per year, whereas those with types I, II and III maxillary sinus hypoplasia were treated 1.57, 3.22, and 5.75 times per year, respectively, over a 5-year period. The antibiotic treatment frequency for patients with isolated agenesis of the uncinate process was significantly higher than for those with types I and II maxillary sinus hypoplasia. Isolated agenesis of the uncinate process seems to play a stronger role than types I and II maxillary sinus hypoplasia in the pathophysiology of chronic sinusitis.

  18. Odontogenic sinus tracts: a cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slutzky-Goldberg, Iris; Tsesis, Igor; Slutzky, Hagay; Heling, Ilana

    2009-01-01

    To determine the prevalence,location, and distribution of sinus tracts in patients referred for endodontic consultation. This cohort study included 1,119 subjects referred for endodontic consultation, 108 of whom presented with sinus tracts. Following clinical and radiographic examination, the diameter of the rarifying osteitis lesion on the radiograph was measured and the path and origin of the sinus tracts determined. Signs and symptoms, tooth site,buccal/lingual location, and diameter were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed using Pearson chi-square test. Sinus tracts originated mainly from maxillary teeth (63.1%); only 38.9% originated from mandibular teeth. Chronic periapical abscess was the most prevalent diagnosed origin (71.0%). Broken restorations were highly associated with the presence of sinus tracts (53.0%). The most frequent site of orifices was buccal(82.4%), followed by lingual or palatal (12.0%). Orifices on the lingual aspect of the gingiva were observed in mandibularmolars. There was an 86.8% correlation between the occurrence of an apically located sinus tract and apical rarifying osteitis(P<.01). Sinus tract in the lingual or palatal aspect of the gingiva is relatively common. Practitioners should look for signs of sinus tract during routine examination

  19. GENETIC PREDICTORS OF IDIOPATHIC SICK SINUS SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Chernova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Published data demonstrating genetic determination of sick sinus syndrome is presented. The definition of this pathology is presented; the main symptoms are described, as well as genes that influence the development of idiopathic sick sinus syndrome, their polymorphisms and role in disorders of the cardiovascular system.

  20. carcinome a petites cellules du sinus piriforme

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de localisation au sinus piriforme d'un carcinome à petites cellules. Ce type histologique a été souvent décrit dans la pathologie tumorale pulmonaire. Sa localisation au sinus piriforme étant exceptionnelle. Nous présentons dans ce document les aspects endoscopiques, radiologiques, ...

  1. ORBITAL CELLULITIS COMPLICATING SINUSITIS: A 15-YEAR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. NWaorgu

    Abstract. Background: Orbital cellulitis is an infection of the orbital soft tissues behind the orbital septum. Primary sinus infection is the most common cause of orbital cellulites. It is an ocular emergency that threatens not only vision but also life from complications such as meningitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and brain ...

  2. Pseudocystic CT pattern of renal sinus lipomatosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downey, E.F. Jr.; Friedman, A.C.; Hartman, D.S.; Pyatt, R.S.; Thane, T.T.; Warnock, G.R.

    1982-09-01

    Previous reports of renal sinus lipomatosis (RSL) have emphasized the CT finding of increased fat around the renal pelvis. The authors present a case in which the CT density of the renal sinus was the same as water. This density appears to depend on the relative amounts of fat and fibrous tissue present.

  3. Mucocele formation after frontal sinus obliteration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hansen, F. S.; van der Poel, N. A.; Freling, N. J. M.; Fokkens, W. J.

    2018-01-01

    A possible complication of frontal sinus obliteration with fat is the formation of mucoceles. We studied the prevalence of mucoceles as well as and the need for revision surgery. Retrospective case review of forty consecutive patients undergoing frontal sinus obliteration from September 1995 to

  4. Chronic Cutaneous Draining Sinus of Dental Origin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    surgery. It can also result from infection or inflammation. The root canal of a necrotic tooth is a source of predominantly anaerobic microbes. The tooth may present without any symptoms, except a cutaneous draining sinus.[1] Due to the extra-oral location of the sinus, patients tend to seek medical care first. These cutaneous.

  5. Puerperal Superior Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis and Pulmonary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis is a rare and often misdiagnosed disorder. Its occurrence with pulmonary embolism (PE) is much rarer, more so when it occurs in the setting of puerperium. Although cerebral sagittal sinus thrombosis can occur at any time during life, women are particularly vulnerable before delivery and ...

  6. Modified three-dimensional skull base model with artificial dura mater, cranial nerves, and venous sinuses for training in skull base surgery: technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Kentaro; Yamamoto, Takuji; Oyama, Kazutaka; Ueno, Hideaki; Nakao, Yasuaki; Honma, Keiichirou

    2008-12-01

    Experience with dissection of the cavernous sinus and the temporal bone is essential for training in skull base surgery, but the opportunities for cadaver dissection are very limited. A modification of a commercially available prototype three-dimensional (3D) skull base model, made by a selective laser sintering method and incorporating surface details and inner bony structures such as the inner ear structures and air cells, is proposed to include artificial dura mater, cranial nerves, venous sinuses, and the internal carotid artery for such surgical training. The transpetrosal approach and epidural cavernous sinus surgery (Dolenc's technique) were performed on this modified model using a high speed drill or ultrasonic bone curette under an operating microscope. The model could be dissected in almost the same way as a real cadaver. The modified 3D skull base model provides a good educational tool for training in skull base surgery.

  7. The haemodynamic effect of carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ming-Yuan; Sillesen, H H; Jørgensen, Lisbeth

    2002-01-01

    to assess the haemodynamic effect of carotid artery surgery, and to relate postoperative changes to the state of cerebral circulation before revascularisation.......to assess the haemodynamic effect of carotid artery surgery, and to relate postoperative changes to the state of cerebral circulation before revascularisation....

  8. Microanatomy of the Supracavernous Internal Carotid - Anterior ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This anatomic variety is often associated with aneurysms and other vascular anomalies. The discovery of a case and the review of the literature allow us to evoke some embryological hypotheses. Keywords: Anterior cerebral artery, Internal carotid artery, Optic nerve, Aneuryom, Artère cérébrale antérieure, Artère carotide ...

  9. Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 60. Read More Carotid artery disease Carotid artery surgery Recovering after stroke Risks of tobacco Smoking - tips on how to quit Stent Stroke ...

  10. Medical treatment in carotid artery intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkert, J. L.; Meerwaldt, R.; Lefrandt, Johan; Geelkerken, R. H.; Zeebregts, C. J.

    2011-01-01

    Medical treatment has a pivotal role in the treatment of patients with occlusive carotid artery disease. Large trials have provided the justification for operative treatment besides medical treatment in patients with recent significant carotid artery stenosis two decades ago. Since then, medical

  11. Transorbital Cavernous Sinus Direct Puncture : Alternative to treat dural arteriovenous fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivelato, Felipe Padovani; Manzato, Luciano Bambini; Filho, Paulo Moacir Mesquita; Ulhôa, Alexandre Cordeiro; Vanzin, José Ricardo; Abud, Daniel Giansante; Rezende, Marco Túlio Salles

    2016-08-09

    The authors present a retrospective series of their clinical experience in the treatment of cavernous dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) by direct transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus as an alternative to the endovascular approach. Between October 2012 and September 2014, eight patients harboring cavernous DAVF underwent percutaneous treatment by direct transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus at three institutions. All patients presented with ocular symptoms. Standard endovascular approaches, including transvenous and transarterial routes, were primarily attempted without success in all cases. Direct puncture was performed through two different approaches, namely inferolateral and superomedial. The entry point was the inferior and superior eyelid, respectively. Embolization was performed with coils or Onyx (Covidien, Irvine, CA). Immediate and late angiographies were used to evaluate the occlusion of the fistula. Of the patients seven had complete occlusion of the cavernous DAVFs noted on the immediate and follow-up angiograms and one patient had residual filling but reduction of the shunt resulted in clinical improvement. None of the patients had worsening of neurological function. One case was complicated by inadvertent internal carotid puncture but without clinical manifestations. One patient experienced postoperative superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis. In very specific cases, when endovascular access is not possible or fails to occlude cavernous DAVF, direct transorbital puncture of the cavernous sinus was shown to be feasible, safe and very effective.

  12. Sinus floor bone failures in maxillary sinus floor augmentation: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez; Pinheiro, Lucas Rodrigues; Cavalcanti, Marcelo Gusmão Paraíso; Arita, Emiko Saito; Tamimi, Faleh

    2015-04-01

    Extreme bone resorption in posterior maxilla may lead to absence of part of the sinus floor. This phenomenon has been termed sinus floor bone failure, and may compromise sinus floor augmentation. The present article aims to evaluate risk factors related to sinus floor bone failures and to evaluate the influence of these failures in sinus floor augmentation outcomes in patients with severely atrophic posterior maxilla. In this case-control study, patients were selected among those referred for sinus floor augmentation. Only patients presenting a ridge bone height of less than 3 mm were included. Cases were defined as presenting sinus floor bone failure, whereas controls did not present any interruption in the sinus floor bone. Information collected included clinical dental records and computed tomographic assessment of sinus width, septa, and schneiderian membrane. Risk estimates for sinus floor bone failures were calculated as adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using conditional logistic regression analyses. A p value under 0.05 was considered statistically significant. In addition, sinus floor augmentation outcomes of both groups were also assessed. In all, 23 cases and 58 controls were included in the study. Sinus floor bone failures were significantly associated with the number of missing posterior teeth (AOR 3.67; 95% CI 0.86 to 15.63; p = .046) and a history of periodontitis (AOR 6.39; 95% CI 1.86 to 21.95; p = .002). Of the total, 15 cases and 27 controls underwent sinus floor augmentation. Schneiderian membrane perforation occurred during the surgery of two cases and of one control. No implants were lost during a mean postsurgical follow-up of 20 months. The number of missing posterior teeth and a history of periodontitis may be considered as risk factors for sinus floor bone failures. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crovetto-Martínez, Rafael; Martin-Arregui, Francisco J.; Zabala-López-de-Maturana, Aitor; Tudela-Cabello, Kiara

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid sinuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study performed on 55 patients diagnosed of odontogenic sinusitis and treated surgically by functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Results: This study showed that 52.7% of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis spreads to anterior ethmoid, causing added anterior ethmoid sinusitis. We found that 92.3% of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis (who underwent middle meatal antrostomy) and 96.5% of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid (treated with middle meatal antrostomy and anterior ethmoidectomy) were cured. Conclusions: Ethmoid involvement is frequent in maxillary odontogenic sinusitis. The ethmoid involvement does not worsen the results of “functional endoscopic sinus surgery” applied to the odontogenic sinusitis. Key words:Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis, ethmoiditis, functional endoscopic sinus surgery. PMID:24608208

  14. Pilonidal sinus – challenges and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guner A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Ali Guner, Arif Burak Cekic Department of General Surgery, Karadeniz Technical University, Farabi Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey Abstract: Although it is clinically asymptomatic in some cases, pilonidal sinus disease may also present as a complicated disease, characterized by multiple sinus tracts, leading to severe impairment of patient quality of life. Although clinical studies of pilonidal sinus have been conducted for approximately a century, the gold standard for treatment is undefined. The ideal treatment requires a shorter hospital stay, requires less wound care, results in rapid recovery, maintains quality of life, and has low recurrence rates. In this review, we aim to discuss the challenges and possible solutions for the management of pilonidal sinus disease. Keywords: pilonidal sinus disease, surgery, management, complications, recurrence

  15. Strategies in the treatment for intracranial venous sinus thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JIA Qiang

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST is a special type of cerebrovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality which often has an unpredictable outcome. It is usually misdiagnosed because of different causes and variable clinical manifestations. How to improve the diagnosis and therapy of CVST is always the hotspot in clinic. This article aims to investigate the effective and safe strategies in the treatment for CVST. Methods Clinical data of 52 patients diagnosed with CVST were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were subdivided into mild type and severe type according to the features of symptoms, signs, lumbar puncture pressure and imaging. The patients with mild type were treated with systemic anticoagulant therapy combined with intravenous thrombolysis [continuous intravenous infusion of heparin (12.50-25 × 103 U/d for 7-10 d followed by a continuous infusion of urokinase (0.50-0.75 ×106 U/d for 5-7d]. The patients with severe type were treated with endovascular thrombolysis [injection of urokinase (0.50-1 × 106 U, 0.10 × 106 U/min via carotid or vertebral artery; or intravenous infusion of urokinase 1 ×106 U/d and heparin 25 ×103 U/d for 5-7 d], and superior sagittal sinus cut-open/ intrasinus thrombolysis separately. All the patients took oral warfarin for 6-12 months, and follow-up was performed after operation by the method of magnetic resonance venography (MRV. Results Among the 27 cases of mild type receiving systemic anticoagulant agents and intravenous thrombolysis, 14 were cured; 9 were improved; 4 were ineffective. Among the 22 cases of severe type receiving systemic anticoagulant drugs and endovascular thrombolysis, 18 were cured; 3 were improved; 1 was dead. The left 3 cases with gravis type received superior sagittal sinus cut-open/intrasinus thrombolysis and were cured. The period of follow-up was between 6 months and 60 months (the median time was 36 months, and no recurrence happened. Conclusion

  16. Clinical significance of balloon dilatation angiography during cerebral venous sinus stenosis stenting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang-yu CAO

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the clinical significance of balloon dilatation angiography during cerebral venous sinus stenosis stenting to predict the reflux of perforator veins after operation. Methods A total of 93 patients (including 51 with cerebral venous sinus stenosis and intracranial hypertension and 42 with intractable pulsatile tinnitus caused by cerebral venous sinus stenosis who were treated by stent implantation were analyzed retrospectively. Among those patients, the diameter of transverse and sigmoid sinuses of 63 cases were measured based on angiography, and stent was selected according to the measurement result. The other 30 cases were given angiography on ipsilateral carotid artery or vertebral artery when the balloon was dilated in the venous sinus to confirm the reflux of perforator veins. If the venous reflux decreased in the angiography, stent with diameter 1-2 mm less than that of venous sinus could be selected.  Results The success rate of stenting was 100% (93/93. In 63 cases, 45 cases were planted 9 mm × 40 mm stents, 15 were planted 8 mm × 40 mm stents, 3 were planted 7 mm × 40 mm stents. The average diameter of stents was (8.67 ± 0.68 mm. There were 11 cases (17.46% with slow perforator venous reflux after operation. In the other 30 cases, 3 cases were planted 8 mm × 40 mm stents, 11 were planted 7 mm × 40 mm stents, and 16 were planted 6 mm × 40 mm stents. The average diameter of stents was (7.57 ± 0.67 mm. There was only one case (3.33% with slow perforator venous reflux after operation. The difference of stent diameter between 2 groups was statistically significant (t = 15.632, P = 0.001. The occurrence rate of perforator vein occlusion after operation between 2 groups was significantly different (adjusted χ 2 = 60.065, P = 0.001.  Conclusions Perforator vein occlusion after cerebral venous sinus stenting is common complication. Balloon dilatation angiography could predict the possibility of perforator vein

  17. Bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zampetti, Benedetta; Grossrubatscher, Erika; Dalino Ciaramella, Paolo; Boccardi, Edoardo; Loli, Paola

    2016-07-01

    Simultaneous bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS) plays a crucial role in the diagnostic work-up of Cushing's syndrome. It is the most accurate procedure in the differential diagnosis of hypercortisolism of pituitary or ectopic origin, as compared with clinical, biochemical and imaging analyses, with a sensitivity and specificity of 88-100% and 67-100%, respectively. In the setting of hypercortisolemia, ACTH levels obtained from venous drainage of the pituitary are expected to be higher than the levels of peripheral blood, thus suggesting pituitary ACTH excess as the cause of hypercortisolism. Direct stimulation of the pituitary corticotroph with corticotrophin-releasing hormone enhances the sensitivity of the procedure. The procedure must be undertaken in the presence of hypercortisolemia, which suppresses both the basal and stimulated secretory activity of normal corticotrophic cells: ACTH measured in the sinus is, therefore, the result of the secretory activity of the tumor tissue. The poor accuracy in lateralization of BIPSS (positive predictive value of 50-70%) makes interpetrosal ACTH gradient alone not sufficient for the localization of the tumor. An accurate exploration of the gland is recommended if a tumor is not found in the predicted area. Despite the fact that BIPSS is an invasive procedure, the occurrence of adverse events is extremely rare, particularly if it is performed by experienced operators in referral centres. © 2016 The authors.

  18. Bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedetta Zampetti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Simultaneous bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS plays a crucial role in the diagnostic work-up of Cushing’s syndrome. It is the most accurate procedure in the differential diagnosis of hypercortisolism of pituitary or ectopic origin, as compared with clinical, biochemical and imaging analyses, with a sensitivity and specificity of 88–100% and 67–100%, respectively. In the setting of hypercortisolemia, ACTH levels obtained from venous drainage of the pituitary are expected to be higher than the levels of peripheral blood, thus suggesting pituitary ACTH excess as the cause of hypercortisolism. Direct stimulation of the pituitary corticotroph with corticotrophin-releasing hormone enhances the sensitivity of the procedure. The procedure must be undertaken in the presence of hypercortisolemia, which suppresses both the basal and stimulated secretory activity of normal corticotrophic cells: ACTH measured in the sinus is, therefore, the result of the secretory activity of the tumor tissue. The poor accuracy in lateralization of BIPSS (positive predictive value of 50–70% makes interpetrosal ACTH gradient alone not sufficient for the localization of the tumor. An accurate exploration of the gland is recommended if a tumor is not found in the predicted area. Despite the fact that BIPSS is an invasive procedure, the occurrence of adverse events is extremely rare, particularly if it is performed by experienced operators in referral centres.

  19. Obesity and carotid artery remodeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kozakova, M; Palombo, C; Morizzo, C

    2015-01-01

    characterized by body size-dependent increase in stroke volume (SV) and blood pressure (BP). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Common carotid artery (CCA) luminal diameter (LD), IMT and CWS were measured in three different populations in order to study: (A) cross-sectional associations between SV, BP, anthropometric parameters...... the luminal enlargement caused by body size-induced increase in SV, and therefore, to normalize the wall stress. CCA diameter in obesity could represent an additional biomarker, depicting the impact of altered hemodynamics on arterial wall....

  20. Clinical Features and Treatments of Odontogenic Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sung Jin

    2010-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate how clinical features such as sex, age, etiologic factors, and presenting symptoms of odontogenic sinusitis are differentiated from other types of sinusitis. Also, this study was designed to find methods for reducing the incidence of odontogenic sinusitis. Materials and Methods A retrospective chart analysis was completed on twenty-seven patients with odontogenic sinusitis. They were all treated at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital between February 2006 and August 2008. The study protocol and informed consent forms were approved by the institutional review boards for human beings at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital. Results Ten patients (37.0%) had dental implant related complications and 8 (29.6%) had dental extraction related complications. Unilateral purulent nasal discharge was the most common symptom (66.7%). The therapeutic modality included transnasal endoscopic sinus surgery in 19 (70.4%) patients, and a Caldwell-Luc operation in two (7.4%) patients. Conclusion In our study, there was no significant difference in the incidence between genders. The average age of the patients was 42.9 years. The incidence was highest in the fourth decade. There were no significant differences between the symptoms of odontogenic sinusitis and that of other types of sinusitis. However, almost all of the patients with odontogenic sinusitis had unilateral symptoms. Iatrogenic causes, which include dental implants and dental extractions, were the most common etiologic factors related to the development of odontogenic sinusitis. Therefore, a preoperative consultation between a rhinologist and a dentist prior to the dental procedure should be able to reduce the incidence of odontogenic sinusitis. PMID:20879062

  1. [Thrombophlebitis of venous sinuses in otitis media].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuczkowski, Jerzy

    2007-01-01

    Thrombophlebitis of dura venous sinuses is a rare intracranial complication of otitis media, which may be sometimes accompanied by symptoms or sepsis. Anatomical conditions and early diagnosis of this vascular complication determine the treatment modality. Aim of this study was the assessment of diagnostics and treatment of venous sinuses thrombophlebitis in acute and chronic otitis media considering anatomy and the venous sinuses and status of coagulation system. Otogenic thrombophlebitis may occur in lateral, transverse, upper and lower petrosal sinuses, and rarely in cavernous. In some cases thrombophlebitis proces may expand into brain or emissary mastoid veins. Lateral sinus thrombophlebitis in chronic otitis media usually appears clinically as septic fever, earache, and increasing neurologic signs. In acute otitis media when thrombophlebitis develops the patient complains about headache, high fever and visual acquity. Diagnosis of venous sinus thrombophlebitis is based on clinical signs, radiological imaging (CT scan, MRI), bacteriological examinations and laboratory biochemical tests. Contrast enhanced CT scan shows "delta sign". Septic thrombophlebitis sinus sigmoidei is caused by mixed bacterial flora. Surgical treatment in cases with septic thrombus consists of radical modiffied ear operation and lateral sinus exposure. Thrombectomy and jugular vein ligation is performed when sepsis or thrombus is present. Mastoidectomy and tympanic cavity drainage is performed in cases with lateral sinus thrombosis in acute mastoiditis. Intravenous antibiotics therapy should be continued for 2 weeks. Anticoagulants should be given taking into consideration parameters of coagulation system and the type of thrombus. Treatment results of venous sinuses thrombophlebitis are good if they are not accompanied by other intracranial complications.

  2. Carotid artery stenting with emboli protection surveillance study: outcomes at 1 year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Theodore L; Strickman, Neil; Davis, Thomas; Kumar, Vinay; Mishkel, Greg; Foster, Malcolm; Donohoe, Dennis; Britto, Suzanne; Ansel, Gary

    2010-06-29

    The CASES-PMS (Carotid Artery Stenting With Emboli Protection Surveillance-Post-Marketing Study) multicenter, prospective, single-arm, surveillance study was designed to assess the safety and efficacy of carotid artery stenting (CAS) when performed by physicians with varied experience in CAS utilizing a formal training program. Whether the excellent results achieved at 30 days would be sustained to 1 year was the subject of the current investigation. Previously, the pivotal SAPPHIRE (Stenting and Angioplasty with Protection of Patients with High Risk for Endarterectomy) trial demonstrated that CAS was not inferior to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) when performed by physicians experienced in carotid stenting. High surgical-risk patients with de novo atherosclerotic or post-endarterectomy restenotic lesions in native carotid arteries were enrolled at participating centers. Inclusion and exclusion criteria matched those of the SAPPHIRE trial. The primary end point was a composite of 30-day major adverse events (MAE) including death, any stroke, or myocardial infarction. A total of 1,492 patients were enrolled at 73 sites. The primary end point of 30-day MAE was 5.0%, meeting criteria for noninferiority to the prespecified objective performance criteria (OPC) established by the SAPPHIRE trial. The 1-year cumulative percentage of MAE was 12.5% by Kaplan-Meier analysis. All strokes to 30 days plus ipsilateral stroke between 31 and 360 days with CASES-PMS (5.4%) was similar to the rate seen with the SAPPHIRE trial stent cohort (4.9%). There were no significant differences in outcomes at 1 year by symptom status and high-risk status. With the formalized training program utilized in this study, physicians with varied experience in carotid stenting can achieve similar short- and longer-term results to the highly experienced SAPPHIRE Investigators. (Carotid Artery Stenting With Emboli Protection Surveillance-Post-Marketing Study [CASES-PMS]; NCT00231231). Copyright (c) 2010

  3. The importance of internal carotid artery occlusion tolerance test in carotid endarterectomy under locoregional anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellaretti, Marcos; de Vasconcelos, Laura T; Dourado, Jules; de Souza, Renata F; Fontoura, Renato R; de Sousa, Atos A

    2016-06-01

    Carotid endarterectomy is considered a safe and effective method for preventing stroke in the short and long term in patients with severe carotid stenosis. The internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion tolerance test was performed to evaluate cerebral tolerance during temporary carotid occlusion, defined as the capacity of the cerebral hemisphere to maintain adequate cerebral blood flow during occlusion of the ICA. Thus, the aim of the present study is to determine the importance of this test in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. From August 2008 to May 2015, 115 consecutive patients (39 female, 77 male) were referred for carotid endarterectomy at the Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte by the main author. Of the 115 patients who participated in the study, 107 were submitted to carotid endarterectomy. Morbi-mortality was 2.7 %. The presence of deficits during the ICA occlusion tolerance test in less than 30 s was associated with the presence of complications. Among the 104 patients who showed no deficits during the test, only one case (0.9 %) presented complications, while among the three cases that showed deficits during the test and who were submitted to carotid endarterectomy, two cases presented complications (p carotid endarterectomy under locoregional anesthesia is a safe surgical procedure. The internal carotid artery occlusion tolerance test can help identify high-risk patients who have been assigned this treatment.

  4. Associations between Carotid Artery Plaque Score, Carotid Hemodynamics and Coronary Heart Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huiping Zhang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The carotid artery plaque score (PS is an independent predictor of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD. This study aims to evaluate the combination of PS and carotid hemodynamics to predict CHD. Methods: A total of 476 patients who underwent carotid ultrasonography and coronary angiography were divided into two groups depending on the presence of CHD. PS, carotid intima-media thickness, and carotid blood flow were measured. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to establish the best prediction model for CHD presence. Results: Age, sex, carotid intima-media thickness of internal carotid artery and carotid bifurcation, PS, peak systolic velocity (PSA of right internal carotid artery (RICA, and most resistance index data were significantly related with the presence of CHD. The area under the curve for a collective model, which included factors of the PS, carotid hemodynamics and age, was significantly higher than the other model. Age, PS, and PSA of RICA were significant contributors for predicting CHD presence. Conclusions: The model of PS and PSA of RICA has greater predictive value for CHD than PS alone. Adding age to PS and PSA of RICA further improves predictive value over PS alone.

  5. Associations between Carotid Artery Plaque Score, Carotid Hemodynamics and Coronary Heart Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huiping; Liu, Mengxue; Ren, Tiantian; Wang, Xiangqian; Liu, Dandan; Xu, Mingliang; Han, LingFei; Wu, Zewei; Li, Haibo; Zhu, Yu; Wen, Yufeng; Sun, Wenjie

    2015-01-01

    Background: The carotid artery plaque score (PS) is an independent predictor of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). This study aims to evaluate the combination of PS and carotid hemodynamics to predict CHD. Methods: A total of 476 patients who underwent carotid ultrasonography and coronary angiography were divided into two groups depending on the presence of CHD. PS, carotid intima-media thickness, and carotid blood flow were measured. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to establish the best prediction model for CHD presence. Results: Age, sex, carotid intima-media thickness of internal carotid artery and carotid bifurcation, PS, peak systolic velocity (PSA) of right internal carotid artery (RICA), and most resistance index data were significantly related with the presence of CHD. The area under the curve for a collective model, which included factors of the PS, carotid hemodynamics and age, was significantly higher than the other model. Age, PS, and PSA of RICA were significant contributors for predicting CHD presence. Conclusions: The model of PS and PSA of RICA has greater predictive value for CHD than PS alone. Adding age to PS and PSA of RICA further improves predictive value over PS alone. PMID:26569275

  6. Methodology to study intimal failure mechanics in human internal carotid arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stemper, Brian D; Yoganandan, Narayan; Pintar, Frank A

    2005-12-01

    While the incidence of blunt carotid artery injuries is low, the mortality rate is extremely high (40%). Clinical evidence indicates that the intimal region of the artery often sustains failure, while maintaining the integrity of the outer layers. This condition may lead to delayed ischemic symptoms, commonly reported in clinical literature. To date, the mechanical properties of the intima relative to the outer vessel layers have not been quantified in the human carotid artery. The purpose of the present study was to develop a methodology to determine the longitudinal mechanical properties of the human internal carotid artery in tension, with an emphasis on intimal failure. This was accomplished by opening the vessel at the mid-diameter level, creating an 'I'-shaped testing specimen, subjecting the specimen to failure loading, documenting the stretch characteristics of the intimal and adventitial sides in the temporal domain, and correlating the synchronized videography with mechanical loading. Intimal failure data were quantified using stress and strain parameters in conjunction with digital videography of the intimal and adventitial sides. The present methodology can be used to determine the mechanical properties of the intima relative to ultimate carotid artery failure. These data will assist in the understanding of blunt carotid artery injuries, its diagnosis and treatment.

  7. Variant termination of the common carotid artery: Cases of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In all cases of trifurcation, superior thyroid artery was the third branch. The common carotid artery quadrifurcated into external, internal carotid, superior thyroid and ascending pharyngeal arteries. The pentafurcations comprised internal carotid, external carotid, superior thyroid, occipital and posterior auricular arteries.

  8. 21 CFR 882.5175 - Carotid artery clamp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Carotid artery clamp. 882.5175 Section 882.5175...) MEDICAL DEVICES NEUROLOGICAL DEVICES Neurological Therapeutic Devices § 882.5175 Carotid artery clamp. (a) Identification. A carotid artery clamp is a device that is surgically placed around a patient's carotid artery...

  9. Neurological impairment correlated to abnormal cerebral non-dominant transverse sinus drainage: a report of 12 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bao-min LI

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background Dominant venous sinus drainage of the brain is a common anatomic characteristic. Cortical venous partial retention that is due to slow non-dominant venous sinus drainage can increase local cerebral vein pressure, and cause related neurological impairment. This article is to investigate the diagnosis of local intracranial hypertension caused by abnormal non-dominant transverse sinus drainage and the effect of anticoagulation treatment. Methods From February 2008 to February 2016, there were 12 patients diagnosed as abnormal cerebral non-dominant transverse sinus drainage. Among these patients, 8 patients presented as dizziness and brain swelling; 2 presented as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH; one presented as cerebral cortex bleeding; 2 presented as blurred vision; 2 presented as ipsilateral pulsatile tinnitus; one presented as narcolepsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF pressure of 2 patients were > 280 mm H2O. Nine patients were confirmed no abnormal characteristics by MRI. In DSA examination, 10 patients were confirmed non-dominant transverse sinus drainage and contrast agent retention on the left side, and 2 patients were confirmed on the right side. All patients were treated by anticoagulation, and 2 underwent stent implantation, 5 underwent thrombolysis through carotid artery. Results All patients were greatly improved after 7-day treatment. They were discharged within 2 weeks and were continuously treated by anticoagulation after discharge for one year. There was no recurrence or aggravation in all patients during the follow-up period ranging from 6 to 34 months. Two patients were confirmed less contrast agent retention by DSA after 6 months.  Conclusions Abnormal non-dominant transverse sinus drainage can increase local cerebral vein pressure, and presents non-specific clinical features such as dizziness, headache or tinnitus. Anticoagulation, thrombolysis or stent implantation can promote local cerebral venous drainage, relieve

  10. Blind endovascular catheterization and direct access of an occluded superior ophthalmic vein for treatment of carotid cavernous fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaraj, Ali; Kim, Bobby; Oh, Gerald; Aletich, Victor

    2013-01-01

    We describe a case of an elderly patient who presented with right-sided ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, chemosis, and increased intraocular pressure. An angiogram showed feeding vessels from the bilateral internal and external carotid arteries. Our initial attempt to blindly probe the inferior petrosal sinus was unsuccessful. This was followed by a right anterior orbitotomy exposing the superior ophthalmic vein which was directly cannulated with an 18 gauge angiocatheter. However, a proximal third of the superior ophthalmic vein within the orbit which was thrombosed was probed blindly. The thrombosed vein was cannulated with a microcatheter to obtain coil embolization of the carotid cavernous fistula. The implications of the procedure are discussed, given that, to our knowledge, such an endeavor has never been performed. PMID:23761619

  11. [Maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin: surgical treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemli, H; Mnejja, M; Dhouib, M; Karray, F; Ghorbel, A; Abdelmoula, M

    2012-04-01

    The frequency of maxillary sinusitis of dental origin (MSDO) is under estimated. The medical and surgical treatment has improved thanks to endoscopic guidance. We report our experience and strategy in the treatment of MSDO. Twenty-two patients presenting with MSDO were treated between 1998 and 2008. The results were evaluated on clinical, functional, sinusal, and odontologic signs. MSDO accounted for 16% of surgically managed sinusitis. CT was performed in 95% of cases. The etiologies were apical leakage in seven patients, migration of a tooth or root during extraction, or presence of ectopic tooth in the sinus in nine patients, a cyst in three patients, and oroantral communication in three patients. Surgery was performed after antibiotic and NSAID treatment. The first surgical step was the treatment of the odontogenic source. The second step was sinus drainage by endoscopic treatment in 64%, Caldwell-Luc in 23%, and drainage by oroantral communication enlarged then closed in the same operative time in 13%. The follow up ranged from 3 months to 10 years. Early postoperative superinfection was observed in two patients. Two patients presented with recurrent sinusitis. The postoperative sequels were hyposmia in three patients, dental pulpotomy, and trigeminal neuralgia in five patients treated by Caldwell-Luc surgery. Nasal endoscopy has improved the surgical management of MSDO. It makes curettage and exclusion of sinus cavities obsolete. It is reliable and has a low rate of complications. The best treatment remains prevention. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Current concepts on complications associated with sinus augmentation procedures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    The sinus augmentation, or sinus lift procedure, is an internal augmentation of the maxillary sinus, which is intended to increase the vertical bony dimension in the lateral maxilla to make the placement of dental implants possible. Complication rate associated with maxillary sinus augmentation

  13. Current Concepts on Complications Associated With Sinus Augmentation Procedures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    The sinus augmentation, or sinus lift procedure, is an internal augmentation of the maxillary sinus, which is intended to increase the vertical bony dimension in the lateral maxilla to make the placement of dental implants possible. Complication rate associated with maxillary sinus augmentation

  14. Association between maxillary sinus pathologies and healthy teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina D. Roque-Torres

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: The proximity of the roots to the maxillary sinus can create a variety of risks. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the roots of healthy teeth and the maxillary sinus, as well as the occurrence of sinus pathologies. METHODS: Three radiologists analyzed 109 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT images. The Kappa test was used to assess the intra- and inter-rater agreement. The chi-squared test and prevalence ratio were used to test the hypothesis that roots of healthy teeth in the maxillary sinus favored the occurrence of sinus pathologies ( p = 0.01. RESULTS: Intra- and inter-rater agreement ranged from good to excellent. The chi-squared test demonstrated a statistically significant difference ( p = 0.006 between the tooth roots in diseased maxillary sinuses (6.09% and those in normal sinuses (3.43%. The prevalence ratio test showed a statistically significant higher prevalence of tooth roots in diseased sinuses than in normal sinuses ( p < 0.0001. Roots in the maxillary sinus were 1.82 times more associated with diseased sinuses. CONCLUSION: Dental roots in the maxillary sinus are almost twice as likely to be associated with diseased sinuses than normal sinuses. Healthy teeth whose roots are inside the maxillary sinus may induce an inflammatory response in the sinus membrane. It is suspected that dental procedures may exacerbate the condition.

  15. Carotid artery stenting vs carotid endarterectomy: meta-analysis and diversity-adjusted trial sequential analysis of randomized trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bangalore, Sripal; Kumar, Sunil; Wetterslev, Jørn

    2011-01-01

    The role of carotid artery stenting (CAS) when compared with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is controversial, with recent trials showing an increased risk of harm with CAS.......The role of carotid artery stenting (CAS) when compared with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is controversial, with recent trials showing an increased risk of harm with CAS....

  16. [Conservative therapy of chronic sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Michael; Reiss, Gilfe

    2012-01-01

    The chronic rhinosinusitis is defined as chronic inflammation of the nose and nasal sinuses, with or without nasal polyps. Patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis report about nasal obstruction and secretion, olfactory impairment, head and facial pain. These symptoms cause also considerable impact on quality of life. Therefore, an adequate rhinological diagnostics as well as therapies are essential. This paper reviews the pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapy of chronic rhinosinusitis. First choice of therapy should be topical glucocorticoids. The application of glucocorticoids causes anti-inflammatory and certain curative effects. Hypertonic salt solutions improve nasal symptoms. Long-term therapy with oral macrolides might improve median to severe symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps. An additional therapy with antihistamines is possible in patients with an allergy. Adaptive desensitization in patients suffering from analgesic-intolerance associating among other with nasal polyps is currently the single causal therapy. Therefore, frequency of endonasal revision surgery is reduced after desensitization.

  17. [Diagnostic and treatment of carotid bodies tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonev, A; Zakhariev, T

    2007-01-01

    Carotid body tumor is rare neoplasm (about 0,5 per cent of all tumors).[28]. The tumor arise from paraganglionic cells of carotid body, which develops from both mesodermal elements of the third branchial arch and neural elements originating from the neural crest ectoderm.[25]. Mathews warned: "this rare tumor presents unusual difficulties to the surgeon, and should one encounter it without having suspected the diagnosis, the experience will not soon be forgotten".[19]. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the frequency, number of spreading and results from the treatment in patients with carotid bodies tumors. Eleven patients (2,58%) with carotid bodies tumors were diagnosed and operated under upon from January 1990 to June 2007 at the "Department of Vascular surgery and Angiology" of "St. Ekaterina" University hospital - Sofia, from commonly 427 surgical intervention in the area of carotid triangle for the same period. The clinical picture, operating time and blood loss during the surgery were examined. Careful subadventitial dissection was used like a method, which have to reduce the number of postoperative complications and blood loss. All 11 patients were operated upon with endotrachial anesthesia and in two of them there was intracranial nerves injure, reconstruction of carotid artery has established in two of the patients. In the early postoperative period there was disphagia in three of the patients, four were with partial damage of n. hypoglossus, two- with damage of the face branch of n. facialis and six with parasthesia at the operated side. CT angiography of carotid bifurcation has established as basic method in the diagnostic. Total extirpation of the tumor remains the basic method of treatment from high quality specialists in carotid surgery. Careful subadvetitial dissection and accuracy excision allow the whole separation of the tumor from the carotid bifurcation without traumatic lesion. [28].

  18. A Rational Approach to Sinus Augmentation: The Low Window Sinus Lift

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Zaniol

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinus augmentation is a well-known approach to treating alveolar bone ridge atrophy in the posterior maxilla. The preparation of the lateral window is crucial. Its size, design, and position in the vestibular sinus wall may affect the intra- and postsurgical complication rates and affect the intrasurgical activity of both surgeons and assistants. The present paper describes a rational technique that also exploits the guided surgery approach for design and preparation of a lateral window for sinus augmentation, the Low Window Sinus Lift. To illustrate the use of this approach, a case is presented in which the 50-year-old patient had the left maxillary first molar extracted, followed two months later by sinus augmentation and placement of three implants. One year after delivery of the definitive prosthesis, all three implants were successful, and the prosthesis was fully functional. Controlled studies should be undertaken to assess whether this technique provides significant advantages compared to other sinus augmentation approaches.

  19. Carotid artery stenosis after neck radiotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimamura, Munehisa; Hashimoto, Yoichiro; Kasuya, Junji; Terasaki, Tadashi [Kumamoto City Hospital (Japan); Uchino, Makoto

    2000-02-01

    Carotid artery stenosis sometimes occurs after cervical radiotherapy. We report a 70-year-old woman with a history of radiotherapy for thyroid cancer at the age of 28 years. She had no signs and symptoms except the skin lesion at the irradiation site. Duplex ultrasonography revealed heterogeneous plaques showing 50% stenosis of bilateral common carotid arteries. Those lesions were observed within segment of irradiation, where atheromatous plaque usually seldom occurs. These indicated that the carotid stenosis was induced by radiotherapy. Although the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy for radiation-induced plaque is not clear, the plaques remained unchanged for 4 years in spite of aspirin administration. (author)

  20. General principles of carotid Doppler ultrasonography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Whal [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    Carotid Doppler ultrasonography is a popular tool for evaluating atherosclerosis of the carotid artery. Its two-dimensional gray scale can be used for measuring the intima-media thickness, which is very good biomarker for atherosclerosis and can aid in plaque characterization. The plaque morphology is related to the risk of stroke. The ulceration of plaque is also known as one of the strong predictors of future embolic event risk. Color Doppler ultrasonography and pulse Doppler ultrasonography have been used for detecting carotid artery stenosis. Doppler ultrasonography has unique physical properties. The operator should be familiar with the physics and other parameters of Doppler ultrasonography to perform optimal Doppler ultrasonography studies.

  1. Difficult indirect carotid-cavernous fistulas – alternative techniques to gaining access for treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Hindy N

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nabil El-Hindy,1 George Kalantzis,1,3 Tufail Patankar,2 Ilias Georgalas,3 Sreedar Jyothi,1 Tony Goddard,2 Bernard Chang1 1Department of Ophthalmology, 2Department of Radiology, St James University Hospital, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK; 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, Athens, Greece Aims: Carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs are abnormal communications between the carotid arterial system and the cavernous sinus that occur mainly in elderly. Occasionally, treatment of indirect CCFs with conventional endovascular approach through large veins or the inferior petrosal sinus may not be possible. In these cases, a direct surgical cut down on to the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV is necessary. We describe three such cases of embolization of CCFs through SOV, and their results.Methods: A retrospective case notes review of treated patients over the past 10 years in one tertiary center constituted our methodology.Results: The fistulas in two cases were successfully coiled with complete obviation of symptoms and signs. The third case was complicated due to difficulty in canulating a deeply seated vein and so had to be abandoned and catheterized through contralateral superior petrosal sinus and treated with liquid embolic material Onyx® successfully.Conclusion: In cases where conventional access to the cavernous sinus may not be possible due to local variations of anatomy, multidisciplinary surgical approaches via the SOV provide an alternative route to successfully and safely close a CCF. However, unexpected anatomical variations could also be encountered within the SOV for which the surgeon should be prepared. Keywords: superior ophthalmic vein, treatment

  2. How does nose blowing effect the computed tomography of paranasal sinuses in chronic sinusitis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savranlar, Ahmet; Uzun, Lokman; Ugur, Mehmet Birol; Mahmutyazicioglu, Kamran; Ozer, Tulay; Gundogdu, Sadi

    2005-02-01

    Objective: Our aim was to determine whether inward or outward movement of the secretions in the paranasal sinuses due to nose blowing after nasal decongestion has any effect on the paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) images in patients with sinusitis and to asses whether nose blowing may result in misdiagnosis or overdiagnosis in radiological evaluation of sinusitis. Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic sinusitis were evaluated in an academic tertiary care hospital and data were collected prospectively. After coronal sinus computed tomography scans were performed at 100 mA setting which was half the value of the standard radiation dose suggested by the manufacturer, topical decongestion was applied to each nostril followed by nose blowing 10 min later. Sinus CT scans were then repeated at the same setting. We evaluated the mucosal thickness of medial, lateral, superior and inferior maxillary and frontal sinus walls and the maximal thickness in anterior ethmoidal cells. The measurements prior to and following nose blowing were compared with Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The obtained images were also staged using Lund-McKay staging system separately and the scores were compared with Student's t-test. Results: We observed a tendency towards reduction in mucosal thickness after nose blowing. There were statistically significant differences between maxillary sinus inferior wall and frontal sinus inferior wall mucosal thickness values prior to and after nose blowing. The difference however was very small, about 0.5 mm in magnitude and Lund-McKay score did not change in any of the patients after nose blowing. Conclusion: Nose blowing and topical nasal decongestion does not have any effect on the diagnostic accuracy of sinus CT in chronic sinusitis patients.

  3. Goat Model for Direct Visualizing the Effectiveness of Detaching Sinus Mucosa in Real Time During Crestal Maxillary Sinus Floor Elevation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Jiadong; Hu, Pin; Li, Yanfeng; Wang, Fuli; Dong, Xinming; Liu, Bin; Liu, Le; Zhang, Yue; Gu, Xiangmin

    2017-08-01

    The procedure of crestal maxillary sinus floor elevation presents a great challenge to the field of implant dentistry. Due to the limited visualization in this procedure, the effectiveness of detaching sinus mucosa could not be assessed in real time. We recently developed an ex vivo goat sinus model by cutting the goat residual skulls along four lines determined from computerized tomography (CT) scans, extracting the maxillary premolar or molar teeth, and preparing implant socket in the maxilla. The generated ex vivo goat sinus models exposed the maxilla and the whole maxillary sinus mucosa, thus enabling real-time observation of detaching maxillary sinus mucosa via directly visualizing the working situation of sinus lift tool in the models and directly measuring the length of detached mucosa and space volume generated under the elevated sinus mucosa. One commercially available umbrella-shaped sinus lift curette was used to detach the maxillary sinus mucosa to evaluate the effectiveness of the ex vivo goat sinus models. The results showed that this curette could detach the sinus mucosa 3.75 mm in length in the mesiodistal direction and 2.81 mm in the buccal-palatal direction. Moreover, a space volume of 52.7 μl could be created under the elevated sinus mucosa in the goat ex vivo models. All the experimental results suggested that this ex vivo goat sinus model might be useful in the evaluation of improved or newly designed sinus lift tools for elevating the maxillary sinus mucosa via the crestal approach.

  4. The effect of sinus surgery with intensive follow-up on pathogenic sinus bacteria in patients with cystic fibrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; von Buchwald, Christian; Hjuler, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Most patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have chronic rhinosinusitis; their sinuses are often colonized with bacteria that can initiate and maintain deleterious pulmonary infections. Theoretically, eradication of the sinus bacteria should reduce the frequency of lung infections and thereby reduce...... pulmonary morbidity. This article addressed whether bacteria in CF sinuses are eligible for eradication by sinus surgery and postoperative treatment....

  5. Why carotid endarterectomy is method of choice in treatment of carotid stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radak Đorđe

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Procedures used in treatment of carotid stenosis are endarterectomy, PTA with stent implantation, resection with graft interposition and by-pass procedure. Segmental lesions are found more often and treated by the first two mentioned procedures. In case of longer lesions and extension to the greater part of the common carotid artery, the other two procedures are performed. For the past few years, the main dilemma has been whether to perform carotid endarterectomy or PTA with stent implantation. Both early and long-term results speak in favour of carotid endarterectomy, regardless of an increased number of PTA and carotid stenting. At the same time, PTA and carotid stenting are more expensive procedures. Both methods have their defined and important roles in treatment of segmental occlusive carotid lesions. Severe cardiac, pulmonary and renal conditions, which increase the risk of general anaesthesia, are not an absolute indication for PTA and stenting, since endarterectomy can be done in regional anaesthesia. Main indications for PTA with stent implantation are: surgically inaccessible lesions (at or above C2; or subclavian; radiation- induced carotid stenosis; prior ipsilateral radical neck dissection; prior carotid endarterectomy (restenosis.

  6. Carotid angioplasty with stenting for chronic internal carotid artery occlusion: technical note

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, Nozomu; Tanasawa, Toshihiko; Okada, Takeshi; Endo, Otone; Yamamoto, Naohito [Kainan Hospital Aichi Prefectural Welfare Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives, Department of Neurosurgery, Aichi (Japan); Miyachi, Shigeru; Hattori, Kenichi [Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya (Japan)

    2006-11-15

    Carotid angioplasty with stenting (CAS) is becoming accepted as an effective and reliable treatment option for severe carotid artery stenosis. However, it is rarely applied for carotid occlusion, especially in its chronic stage. We report our experience of CAS for chronic internal carotid artery occlusion representing compromised cerebral blood flow using various protection methods. A 77-year-old woman, who was already diagnosed with severe left internal carotid artery stenosis, suddenly had right hemiparesis and aphasia. At that time, she was treated conservatively because her neurological status was quite good, in spite of left carotid artery occlusion. Her symptoms improved in the short term, except slight aphasia, but deteriorated again 18 days from the onset, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed new ischemic lesions. CAS was then performed for the occluded carotid artery on the 23rd day from the first onset. Using the proximal protection technique, the occluded lesion was crossed carefully with a microguidewire. Stents were also placed successfully with the distal protection technique. The occluded carotid artery was completely recanalized without any unfavorable events or neurological deterioration. In this patient, CAS was successfully to treat chronic carotid artery occlusion. These procedures and techniques are reviewed and discussed. (orig.)

  7. Novel flow quantification of the carotid bulb and the common carotid artery with vector flow ultrasound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mads Møller; Pihl, Michael Johannes; Haugaard, Per

    2014-01-01

    complexity. A secondary aim was to establish accuracy parameters to detect flow changes/patterns in the common carotid artery (CCA) and the carotid bulb (CB). The right carotid bifurcation including the CCA and CB of eight healthy volunteers were scanned in a longitudinal plane with vector flow ultrasound...... and by vector concentration calculation. A vortex with complex flow was found in all carotid bulbs, whereas the CCA had mainly laminar flow. The medical experts evaluated the flow to be mainly laminar in the CCA (0.82 +/- 0.14) and mainly complex (0.23 +/- 0.22) in the CB. Likewise, the estimated vector...

  8. Assessment of maxillary sinus wall thickness with paranasal sinus digital tomosynthesis and CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, Ji Eun; Shim, Sung Shine; Kim, Yoo Kyung; Kong, Kyoung Ae [Mokdong Hospital, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-05-15

    This study was performed to compare paranasal sinus tomosynthesis with computed tomography (CT) imaging as a radiologic tool to evaluate the paranasal sinuses, using measurement of the soft tissue thickness of the maxillary sinus. A total of 114 patients with sinusitis who underwent both paranasal sinus digital tomosynthesis (DT) and CT were enrolled in this retrospective study. Two observers independently assessed soft tissue thickness in both maxillary sinus chambers using both DT and CT images. The mean difference in soft tissue thickness measured by each observer was −0.31 mm on CT and 0.15 mm on DT. The mean differences in soft tissue thickness measured with DT and CT were −0.15 by observer 1 and −0.31 by observer 2. Evaluation of the agreement in measurement of soft tissue thickness in the maxillary sinus using DT and CT showed a high intraclass correlation, with the 95% limit of agreement ranging from −3.36 mm to 3.06 mm [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), 0.994: p<0.01] for observer 1 and from −5.56 mm to 4.95 mm (ICC, 0.984: p<0.01) for observer 2. As an imaging tool, DT is comparable to CT for assessing the soft tissue thickness of maxillary sinuses in patients with sinusitis.

  9. Prosthetic bypass for restenosis after endarterectomy or stenting of the carotid artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, Giulio; Belmonte, Romain; Schneider, Fabrice; Pizzardi, Giulia; Calió, Francesco G; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste

    2017-06-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of prosthetic carotid bypass (PCB) with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in treatment of restenosis after CEA or carotid artery stenting (CAS). From January 2000 to December 2014, 66 patients (57 men and 9 women; mean age, 71 years) presenting with recurrent carotid artery stenosis ≥70% (North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial [NASCET] criteria) were enrolled in a prospective study in three centers. The study was approved by an Institutional Review Board. Informed consent was obtained from all patients. During the same period, a total of 4321 CEAs were completed in the three centers. In these 66 patients, the primary treatment of the initial carotid artery stenosis was CEA in 57 patients (86%) and CAS in nine patients (14%). The median delay between primary and redo revascularization was 32 months. Carotid restenosis was symptomatic in 38 patients (58%) with transient ischemic attack (n = 20) or stroke (n = 18). In this series, all patients received statins; 28 patients (42%) received dual antiplatelet therapy, and 38 patients (58%) received single antiplatelet therapy. All PCBs were performed under general anesthesia. No shunt was used in this series. Nasal intubation to improve distal control of the internal carotid artery was performed in 33 patients (50%), including those with intrastent restenosis. A PTFE graft of 6 or 7 mm in diameter was used in 6 and 60 patients, respectively. Distal anastomosis was end to end in 22 patients and end to side with a clip distal to the atherosclerotic lesions in 44 patients. Completion angiography was performed in all cases. The patients were discharged under statin and antiplatelet treatment. After discharge, all of the patients underwent clinical and Doppler ultrasound follow-up every 6 months. Median length of follow-up was 5 years. No patient died, sustained a stroke, or presented with a

  10. Obesity and carotid artery remodeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kozakova, M; Palombo, C; Morizzo, C

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The present study tested the hypothesis that obesity-related changes in carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) might represent not only preclinical atherosclerosis but an adaptive remodeling meant to preserve circumferential wall stress (CWS) in altered hemodynamic conditions...... and CCA LD (266 healthy subjects with wide range of body weight (24-159 kg)); (B) longitudinal associations between CCA LD and 3-year IMT progression rate (ΔIMT; 571 healthy non-obese subjects without increased cardiovascular (CV) risk); (C) the impact of obesity on CCA geometry and CWS (88 obese subjects...... without CV complications and 88 non-obese subjects matched for gender and age). RESULTS: CCA LD was independently associated with SV that was determined by body size. In the longitudinal study, baseline LD was an independent determinant of ΔIMT, and ΔIMT of subjects in the highest LD quartile...

  11. Difference between Sinusitis and a Cold

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ear Nose & Throat Emotional Problems Eyes Fever From Insects or Animals Genitals and Urinary Tract Glands & Growth ... has bacterial sinusitis after examining your child and hearing about the progression of symptoms. In older children, ...

  12. Sphenoid Sinusitis and Migraine-Type Headache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gordon Millichap

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Three case histories of children (ages 10, 12, and 14 years with isolated sphenoid sinusitis who presented with acute, subacute, and chronic headache symptoms resembling migraine are reported from the University of Texas-Houston Medical School.

  13. Systemic corticosteroid therapy for acute sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, Roderick P.; Thompson, Matthew J.; Rovers, Maroeska M.

    2015-01-01

    CLINICAL QUESTION: Are oral or parenteral corticosteroids associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute sinusitis compared with placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? BOTTOM LINE: Oral corticosteroids combined with antibioticsmay be associated with modest

  14. Systemic corticosteroid therapy for acute sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, R.P.; Thompson, M.J.; Rovers, M.M.

    2015-01-01

    CLINICAL QUESTION: Are oral or parenteral corticosteroids associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute sinusitis compared with placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? BOTTOM LINE: Oral corticosteroids combined with antibiotics may be associated with modest

  15. Maxillary sinus perforation by orthodontic anchor screws

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Motoyoshi, Mitsuru; Sanuki-Suzuki, Rina; Uchida, Yasuki; Saiki, Akari; Shimizu, Noriyoshi

    2015-01-01

    .... The placement torque and screw mobility of each implant were determined using a torque tester and a Periotest device, and variability in these values in relation to sinus perforation was evaluated...

  16. Osteoma of the skull base and sinuses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Georgalas, Christos; Goudakos, John; Fokkens, Wytske J.

    2011-01-01

    Osteomata of the frontal and ethmoid sinuses have traditionally been surgically removed via external approaches. However, endoscopic techniques have increasingly been used for the surgical management of selected cases. Advances in visualization and instrumentation, as well as the excellent access

  17. A Computed Tomography-Aided Clinical Report on Anatomical Variations of the Paranasal Sinuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salah ELdeen Dafalla

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study was to defining the prevalence, size of incidence of different anatomical variations of the paranasal sinus (PNS and nasal cavity among Sudanese patients and efficacy of CT scan in disease determination. Introduction: Disease of the PNS is a global public health problem, with the only treatment option available being endoscopic surgery. Previous studies have suggested that anatomical variations of the PNS are common in different populations; however, there is little information available to verify this. Hence, the objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of different anatomical variations of the PNS and nasal cavity among Sudanese patients who were referred by ear, nose, and throat (ENT surgeons for a computed tomography (CT-aided study. Methodology: The total number of patients eligible for the study was 557; of these, 51 were excluded, 317 were in the study group, and 189 were controls. The CT images were carefully reviewed and discussed with the involvement of consultant radiologists, an anatomist, and an otolaryngologist. Results: Our results showed that there was extensive pneumatization of the frontal sinus (FS in 37% of cases, a rudimentary FS in 11%, and absence of the FS in 12%. In addition, the Keros classification showed the FS to be normal in 55%, type I in 27%, type II in 10%, type III in 6%, and type IV in only 2% of patients. A large ethmoid bulla (EB was found in 43% of patients, but the remaining 57% had a normal ethmoid sinus. Posterior ethmoid cells showed extensive pneumatization unilaterally in 5%, and bilaterally in 3% of patients; 92% were normal. Extensive pneumatization of the sphenoid was seen in 49% of patients, while the remaining 51% had a normal sphenoid. The sphenoid septum was attached bilaterally to the internal carotid artery in 6% and unilaterally in 21% of patients. A septate sphenoid sinus (more than one septum was found in 33% of patients; the

  18. Neck massage induced dural sinus thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verma Ashish

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Thrombosis of the intracranial dural sinuses and internal jugular veins may occur as a complication of head and neck infections, surgery, central venous access, local malignancy, polycythemia, hyperhomocysteinemia, neck massage and intravenous drug abuse. A high degree of clinical suspicion followed by adequate imaging is prerequisite to early diagnosis and management. We report a young man who had dural sinus thrombosis with jugular venous thrombosis following neck massage.

  19. Presentation and diagnosis of allergic fungal sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakirullah; Nawaz, Ghareeb; Sattar, Syed Fazle

    2010-01-01

    Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a form of fungal disease that has recently been considered a distinct clinicopathologic entity. Other forms of fungal sinusitis include acute-fulminant (invasive), chronic indolent (invasive) and mycetoma (non-invasive). Objectives were to assess the presentation and to describe the diagnostic techniques for allergic fungal sinusitis in our setup. Descriptive study was conducted in the Department of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery, Khyber Medical College and Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar from January 2002 to April 2008. Twenty-three cases of allergic fungal sinusitis (ASF) were selected for the study. Data like, name, age, sex, address, clinical features, labs (Eosinophil count) and imaging studies (CT and/or MRI) were recorded, including the pre- and postoperative treatment, operative findings and postoperative results, recurrence of disease were also recorded. Surgical procedures were performed on all cases followed by medical treatment. Study revealed that AFS is a disease of younger age, mainly occurring in 2nd & 3rd decade of life, with male to female ratio 1:1.3. Allergic rhinitis (91%) and nasal polyposis (91%) were important associated factors. Nasal obstruction (96%), nasal discharge (91%), post-nasal discharge (87%) and unilateral multi sinus extension were important clinical features. Increased eosinophil count and increased IgE level was found in 78% cases. Histopathological analysis showed fungal hyphae in all cases and aspergillus was predominant organism on culture. Orbital erosion was seen in 78% and skull base erosion was observed in 9%. Recurrence of disease was seen in nine cases. Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a disease of young immunocompetent adults. Nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, nasal allergy and proptosis were the most common presentations. Initial diagnosis of allergic fungal sinusitis requires high index of suspicion in patients presenting with chronic rhinosinusitis, such cases should be

  20. Systemic corticosteroid therapy for acute sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Venekamp, Roderick P.; Thompson, Matthew J.; Rovers, Maroeska M.

    2015-01-01

    CLINICAL QUESTION: Are oral or parenteral corticosteroids associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute sinusitis compared with placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? BOTTOM LINE: Oral corticosteroids combined with antibioticsmay be associated with modest benefit for short-term relief of symptoms in adults with severe symptoms of acute sinusitis compared with antibiotics alone. Oral corticosteroids as monotherapy are not associated with improved clinical...

  1. Ophthalmic masquerades of the atherosclerotic carotids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anupriya Arthur

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with carotid atherosclerosis can present with ophthalmic symptoms. These symptoms and signs can be due to retinal emboli, hypoperfusion of the retina and choroid, opening up of collateral channels, or chronic hypoperfusion of the globe (ocular ischemic syndrome. These pathological mechanisms can produce many interesting signs and a careful history can bring out important past symptoms pointing toward the carotid as the source of the patient′s presenting symptom. Such patients are at high risk for an ischemic stroke, especially in the subsequent few days following their first acute symptom. It is important for clinicians to be familiar with these ophthalmic symptoms and signs caused by carotid atherosclerosis for making an early diagnosis and to take appropriate measures to prevent a stroke. This review elaborates the clinical features, importance, and implications of various ophthalmic symptoms and signs resulting from atherosclerotic carotid artery disease.

  2. Defective cerebrovascular autoregulation after carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, L G; Schroeder, T V

    1993-01-01

    Correction of high grade carotid artery stenosis may result in cerebral hyperperfusion because of defective vascular autoregulation. Thus, transcranial Doppler was used to determine mean arterial flow velocity (Vmean) of the middle cerebral artery in 95 patients before and after carotid endartere......Correction of high grade carotid artery stenosis may result in cerebral hyperperfusion because of defective vascular autoregulation. Thus, transcranial Doppler was used to determine mean arterial flow velocity (Vmean) of the middle cerebral artery in 95 patients before and after carotid......th postoperative day, respectively. The mean pressure difference across the stenosis was 31 (0-63) mmHg in the symptomatic group (n = 18) as opposed to only 10 (0-60) mmHg in the asymptomatic group (n = 77) (p surgery, ipsilateral Vmean increased to 177...

  3. Fusiform aneurysm model in rabbit carotid artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinald, Nicoleta; Fournier, Benjamin; Naveau, Adrien; Couty, Ludovic; Lemitre, Mathilde; Seguier, Sylvie; Coulomb, Bernard; Gogly, Bruno; Lafont, Antoine; Durand, Eric

    2010-01-01

    To develop a reproducible and accessible model of elastase-induced fusiform aneurysm in carotid rabbit arteries. Elastase, at a concentration of 1-30 U, was incubated into the lumen of carotid rabbit arteries. Four weeks later, angiography, histomorphometry, immunohistochemistry and zymography were performed. The optimal concentration of elastase in this model was 3 U according to the balance between mortality and thrombosis rates. Indeed, at 3 U, external carotid diameter increased from 1.9 +/- 0.1 to 3.1 +/- 0.4 mm (p < 0.0001) associated with degradation of elastic fibers, matrix metalloproteinase-9 secretion, apoptosis and macrophage infiltration. Our study underlines that abdominal aortic aneurysm can be reliably duplicated in an elastase-induced aneurysm in carotid artery, a much more accessible vessel. Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  4. Use of engineered bone for sinus augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaumont, Christian; Schmidt, Roswitha J; Tatakis, Dimitris N; Zafiropoulos, Gregory-George

    2008-03-01

    Tissue-engineered bone grafts represent an appealing alternative for maxillary sinus augmentation because they eliminate the significant drawbacks associated with extra- and intraoral bone-harvesting procedures. In the present case series, we document the outcomes of sinus augmentation surgery using tissue-engineered bone grafts. Three patients requiring bilateral sinus augmentation received tissue-engineered bone grafts combined with xenograft prior to implant placement. Implants were placed and loaded 6 and 12 months postaugmentation, respectively. Radiographs were taken and clinical examinations were performed preoperatively and at 4, 6, 12, and 18 months postaugmentation. Biopsies were obtained at 4 and 6 months postaugmentation. Standardized orthopantomograms were used to measure the posterior maxilla bone height. None of the patients experienced untoward complications during or following the therapeutic procedures. Ten implants were inserted into the augmented sinuses and loaded. Biopsies revealed a lack of inflammation or pathology; newly formed fibrous bone with osteoblastic activity and xenograft particles was evident. Compared to 4 months postaugmentation, augmented tissue was more mature at 6 months. The postoperative (18 months) bone height in augmented areas was significantly greater than the preoperative height (P bone height. Sinus augmentation using tissue-engineered bone grafts was successful in all three cases, permitting the subsequent insertion and loading of dental implants. The present cases demonstrated the feasibility of using engineered bone for sinus augmentation. Controlled clinical trials will be required to evaluate this new and evolving treatment modality.

  5. Silent sinus syndrome: A traumatic case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Février, E; Vandersteen, C; Castillo, L; Savoldelli, C

    2017-06-01

    Silent sinus syndrome is an unusual cause of progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to atelectasia of the maxillary sinus associated with osteolysis of the orbital floor. This syndrome is classically idiopathic, but the term is also used to describe traumatic or iatrogenic (surgical orbital decompression) cases. We report the case of a 33-year-old man who presented with a left orbital trauma without functional disorder. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a nondisplaced fracture of the left orbital floor. No surgical indication was made. Three months later, the patient presented with progressive enophthalmos. CT revealed a complete lysis of the left orbital floor and a left maxillary sinus atelectasia. The original nondisplaced fracture of the orbital floor was not responsible for enophthalmos but the associated fracture of the left uncinate process that induced the closure of the left maxillary sinus infundibulum. This induced in turn hypoventilation of the sinus and a left orbital floor lysis. Treatment consisted in surgical opening of the maxillary sinus ostium and reconstruction of the orbital floor. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Carotid canal dehiscence in the human skull

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pastor Vazquez, J.F.; Gil Verona, J.A. [Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valladolid, Ramon y Cajal, 7, E-47005 Valladolid (Spain); Garcia Porrero, M. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valladolid (Spain)

    1999-06-01

    Abnormalities of the floor of the carotid canal have been studied in 538 skulls. These abnormalities range from a fissure to total absence of the floor. This variation may be caused by abnormalities of the internal carotid artery or deficiencies in ossification of the skull base. CT suggests that these changes should be taken into account by surgeons working on the skull base. (orig.) With 4 figs., 8 refs.

  7. Correlation of carotid blood flow and corrected carotid flow time with invasive cardiac output measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Irene W Y; Caplin, Joshua D; Azad, Aftab; Wilson, Christina; Fifer, Michael A; Bagchi, Aranya; Liteplo, Andrew S; Noble, Vicki E

    2017-12-01

    Non-invasive measures that can accurately estimate cardiac output may help identify volume-responsive patients. This study seeks to compare two non-invasive measures (corrected carotid flow time and carotid blood flow) and their correlations with invasive reference measurements of cardiac output. Consenting adult patients (n = 51) at Massachusetts General Hospital cardiac catheterization laboratory undergoing right heart catheterization between February and April 2016 were included. Carotid ultrasound images were obtained concurrently with cardiac output measurements, obtained by the thermodilution method in the absence of severe tricuspid regurgitation and by the Fick oxygen method otherwise. Corrected carotid flow time was calculated as systole time/√cycle time. Carotid blood flow was calculated as π × (carotid diameter)2/4 × velocity time integral × heart rate. Measurements were obtained using a single carotid waveform and an average of three carotid waveforms for both measures. Single waveform measurements of corrected flow time did not correlate with cardiac output (ρ = 0.25, 95% CI -0.03 to 0.49, p = 0.08), but an average of three waveforms correlated significantly, although weakly (ρ = 0.29, 95% CI 0.02-0.53, p = 0.046). Carotid blood flow measurements correlated moderately with cardiac output regardless of if single waveform or an average of three waveforms were used: ρ = 0.44, 95% CI 0.18-0.63, p = 0.004, and ρ = 0.41, 95% CI 0.16-0.62, p = 0.004, respectively. Carotid blood flow may be a better marker of cardiac output and less subject to measurements issues than corrected carotid flow time.

  8. Aortic elasticity and carotid intima-media thickness in children with mitral valve prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erolu, Elif; Akalın, Figen; Çetiner, Nilüfer; Şaylan Çevik, Berna

    2017-11-07

    Aim We aimed to study the dimensions, systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle; dimensions and elasticity of the aorta; and carotid intima-media thickness and flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery in mitral valve prolapse. The study group consisted of 43 patients (mean age=13.3±3.9) and 42 healthy children (mean age=12.9±3.4). Left ventricular end-diastolic, end-systolic, left atrial diameters, interventricular septum, and left ventricular posterior wall thickness were measured. Ejection and shortening fractions were calculated by M-mode. Measurements were adjusted to the body surface area. Mitral annulus, and systolic and diastolic diameters of the aortic annulus and aorta at each level were obtained; z-scores, aortic strain, distensibility, stiffness index were calculated. Carotid intima-media thickness and flow-mediated dilatation were studied. Patients were classified as classical/non-classical mitral valve prolapse and younger/older patients. Left ventricular end-systolic, end-diastolic, and left atrial diameters (p=0.009, p=0.024, p=0.001) and aortic z-scores at annulus, sinus valsalva, and sinotubuler junction were larger (p=0.008, p=0.003, p=0.002, respectively) in the mitral valve prolapse group. Aortic strain and distensibility increased and stiffness decreased at the ascending aorta in the patient group (p=0.012, 0.020, p=0.019, respectively). Classical mitral valve prolapse had lower strain and distensibility and higher stiffness of the aorta at sinus valsalva level (p=0.010, 0.027, 0.004, respectively). Carotid intima-media thickness was thinner in the patient group, especially in the non-classical mitral valve prolapse group (p=0.037). Flow-mediated dilatation did not differ among the groups. Mitral valve prolapse is a systemic disease of the connective tissue causing enlarged cardiac chambers and increased elasticity of the aorta. Decreased carotid intima-media thickness in this group may indicate low atherosclerosis risk.

  9. Cranialization of the frontal sinus-the final remedy for refractory chronic frontal sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, J. Marc C.; Wagemakers, Michiel; Korsten-Meijer, Astrid G. W.; Buiter, C. T. Kees; van der Laan, Bernard F. A. M.; Mooij, Jan Jakob A.

    Object. Chronic sinusitis can be a debilitating disease with significant impact on quality of life. Frontal sinusitis has a relatively low prevalence, but complications can be severe due to its anatomical location. After failure of conservative measures, typically endoscopic procedures are performed

  10. The relation of carotid calcium volume with carotid artery stenosis in symptomatic patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marquering, H. A.; Majoie, C. B. L. M.; Smagge, L.; Kurvers, A. G.; Gratama van Andel, H. A.; van den Berg, R.; Nederkoorn, P. J.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research showed a strong correlation of calcium volume scores with degree of stenosis, suggesting that calcium volume could be used in the diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis. We investigated the accuracy of the use of calcium volume scores to diagnose carotid artery stenosis in our target

  11. Internal carotid artery rupture caused by carotid shunt insertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, Giulio; Caliò, Francesco G; Pizzardi, Giulia; Vietri, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Shunting is a well-accepted method of maintaining cerebral perfusion during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Nonetheless, shunt insertion may lead to complications including arterial dissection, embolization, and thrombosis. We present a complication of shunt insertion consisting of arterial wall rupture, not reported previously. A 78-year-old woman underwent CEA combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the time of shunt insertion an arterial rupture at the distal tip of the shunt was detected and was repaired via a small saphenous vein patch. Eversion CEA and subsequent CABG completed the procedure whose postoperative course was uneventful. Shunting during combined CEA-CABG may be advisable to assure cerebral protection from possible hypoperfusion due to potential hemodynamic instability of patients with severe coronary artery disease. Awareness and prompt management of possible shunt-related complications, including the newly reported one, may contribute to limiting their harmful effect. Arterial wall rupture is a possible, previously not reported, shunt-related complication to be aware of when performing CEA. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  12. Distribution of voltage-gated potassium and hyperpolarization-activated channels in sensory afferent fibers in the rat carotid body.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buniel, Maria; Glazebrook, Patricia A; Ramirez-Navarro, Angelina; Kunze, Diana L

    2008-10-01

    The chemosensory glomus cells of the carotid body (CB) detect changes in O2 tension. Carotid sinus nerve fibers, which originate from peripheral sensory neurons located within the petrosal ganglion, innervate the CB. Release of transmitter from glomus cells activates the sensory afferent fibers to transmit information to the nucleus of the solitary tract in the brainstem. The ion channels expressed within the sensory nerve terminals play an essential role in the ability of the terminal to initiate action potentials in response to transmitter-evoked depolarization. However, with a few exceptions, the identity of ion channels expressed in these peripheral nerve fibers is unknown. This study addresses the expression of voltage-gated channels in the sensory fibers with a focus on channels that set the resting membrane potential and regulate discharge patterns. By using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence confocal microscopy, potassium channel subunits and HCN (hyperpolarization-activated) family members were localized both in petrosal neurons that expressed tyrosine hydroxylase and in the CSN axons within the carotid body. Channels contributing to resting membrane potential, including HCN2 responsible in part for I(h) current and the KCNQ2 and KCNQ5 subunits thought to underlie the neuronal "M current," were identified in the sensory neurons and their axons innervating the carotid body. In addition, the results presented here demonstrate expression of several potassium channels that shape the action potential and the frequency of discharge, including Kv1.4, Kv1.5, Kv4.3, and K(Ca) (BK). The role of these channels should be considered in interpretation of the fiber discharge in response to perturbation of the carotid body environment.

  13. Carotid endarterectomy in patients with occlusion of the contralateral carotid artery. Perioperative risk and late results

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, H; Schroeder, T; Rasmussen, L

    1987-01-01

    Recent reports on the outcome of carotid endarterectomy in patients with contralateral occlusion have been conflicting. Therefore, we reviewed 51 cases identified, among 675 consecutive carotid endarterectomies. A perioperative mortality of 2% and a permanent morbidity rate of 16% was observed...... severe strokes when compared to patients with only minor reduction in CPP. In addition, the internal carotid artery blood flow following endarterectomy was significantly higher in the low pressure group (P less than 0.02). No patients were lost during follow-up, for a mean of 34 months. The cumulative....... Compared with a complication rate of about 5% previously reported from this institution, this clearly indicates contralateral carotid occlusion as a major risk factor in carotid surgery. Though not statistically significant, patients with severely reduced cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) had suffered more...

  14. Prevalence of incidental paranasal sinus opacification in dental paediatric patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa; Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of sinus opacification among dental paediatric patients. Two hundred and eight Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans of dental patients under the age of 18 were reviewed for sinus opacification. Patients with any sinus-related signs or symptoms were excluded. The overall prevalence of sinus opacification was 48.1%. The ethmoid (28.4%) and maxillary (27.8%) sinuses were most frequently affected. There were no statistically significant differences for both age and gender. The high prevalence of sinus opacification in asymptomatic children emphasizes the necessity of clinical correlation.

  15. [Diagnosis and treatment of fungal ball rhino-sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Jun; Liu, Fenfang; Zhang, Hanwu; Li, Li

    2013-07-01

    To explore the diagnosis and treatment of the fungal ball rhino-sinusitis. The clinical data of 128 cases with the fungal ball rhino-sinusitis in our hospital between September 2005 and January 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were accepted nasal endoscopic surgery and followed up after surgery. The diagnosis were confirmed by postoperative pathological examination. The sinus of all patients epithelialized after the surgery from fourth to ninth weeks, one case recurred eight months later. Sinus CT scan and nasal endoscopy were very important to the diagnosis of the fungal ball rhino-sinusitis, and nasal endoscopic surgery is the most important treatment method to fungal ball rhino-sinusitis.

  16. Early control of distal internal carotid artery during carotid endarterectomy: does it reduce cerebral microemboli?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mommertz, G; Das, M; Langer, S; Koeppel, T A; Krings, T; Mess, W H; Schiefer, J; Jacobs, M J

    2010-06-01

    According to the results of the large trials on carotid endarterectomy (CEA), this type of surgery is only warranted if perioperative mortality and morbidity are kept considerably low. Less attention has been paid to methods of cerebral protection during CEA, although intraoperative transcranial Doppler (TCD) can visualise intracerebral microemboli (MES) during routine carotid dissection, although MES occur throughout the CEA, only those during dissection are related to neurological outcome. Prevention of MES by means of early control of the distal internal carotid artery dislodging from the carotid artery plaque during dissection is very likely the mechanism behind an eventual benefit from this approach. Hence, the amount of MES might serve as a surrogate parameter for the risk of periprocedural neurological events. So, the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether early control of the distal carotid artery during CEA is capable of reducing the number of MES by means of a prospective randomised trial. Twenty-eight patients (29 procedures) could be prospectively included in our study. Before surgery we randomly assigned the patients to two groups: group A (N.=12): CEA by means of early control of the distal internal carotid artery; group B (N.=17): CEA with dissection of the total carotid bifurcation before clamping the arteries. Periprocedurally, we continuously monitored the cerebral blood flow in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery by means of TCD. Pre- and postoperative morbidity were independently verified by a neurologist control of the distal internal carotid artery did not reduce the occurrence of MES during dissection of the carotid bifurcation. Also, the total number of MES throughout the procedure and postoperatively was comparable between both groups. The procedure related times as well as the clinical outcome did not differ significantly. Thus, early control of the distal internal carotid artery has got no advantage but also no disadvantage

  17. Improvement of psychiatric symptoms in youth following resolution of sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahony, Talia; Sidell, Douglas; Gans, Hayley; Brown, Kayla; Farhadian, Bahare; Gustafson, Melissa; Sherr, Janell; Thienemann, Margo; Frankovich, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    Accumulating evidence supports a role for inflammation in psychiatric illness, and the onset or exacerbation of psychiatric symptoms may follow non-CNS infections. Here, we provide the first detailed description of obsessive-compulsive and related psychiatric symptoms arising concurrently with sinusitis. We reviewed the charts of 150 consecutive patients evaluated in our Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndromes clinic for documented sinusitis as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines. Sinusitis treatments, sinonasal imaging, and neuropsychiatric symptoms before, during, and after sinusitis onset were noted. Patients were included in the final review if they had a clear diagnosis of isolated sinusitis (without concurrent illness and/or immunodeficiency), and were evaluated during an episode of sinusitis. 10/150 (6.6%) patients had isolated sinusitis at the time of their neuropsychiatric deterioration. Eight patients received antibiotics to treat sinusitis, three of whom also received sinus surgery. Neuropsychiatric symptoms improved in all eight patients concurrent with resolution of sinusitis per parent report and clinician assessment. One patient did not follow through with recommended sinus surgery or antibiotics and her psychiatric symptoms persisted. One patient was lost to follow-up. Improvement of psychiatric symptoms correlated with resolution of sinus disease in this retrospective study. Identification, treatment, and resolution of underlying infections, including sinusitis, may have the potential to change the trajectory of some neuropsychiatric illnesses. Randomized clinical trials are needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. [Treatment of low-dose erythromycin and sinus displacement on sinusitis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Zhenghong; Han, Guang; Li, Bennong

    2011-11-01

    To study the effect of low-dose erythromycin combined with sinus displacement therapy on treating sinusitis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. The sinus displacement were used with mixed liquid of metronidazole, protease and dexamethasone, and meantime roxithromycin was orally administered. Effective rate was 97.1% in 35 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with sinusitis after radiotherapy. Low-dose erythromycin combined with sinus displacement therapy is effective to treat sinusitis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. Its advantages are safe, effective, and easy to do.

  19. Multiple Vascular Accidents Including Rupture of a Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm, a Minor Ischemic Stroke and Intracranial Arterial Anomaly in a Patient with Systemic Congenital Abnormalities: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masataka Nakajima

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available A 39-year-old man with a history of rupture of a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm experienced an ischemic stroke. Although the patient presented left-sided hemiparesis for a week, no abnormal signals were indicated on diffusion-weighted imaging with repeated magnetic resonance scans. Carotid ultrasound and cerebral angiography were conducted, and they revealed hypoplasty of the left internal carotid artery with a low-lying carotid bifurcation at the level of the C6 vertebra. In addition, he was diagnosed with intellectual disabilities, evaluated by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III, and congenital velopharyngeal insufficiency. We herein present the first report of a patient with cardio-cerebrovascular abnormalities, intellectual disabilities, and an otorhinolaryngological abnormality.

  20. Evolution of sinusal and non-sinusal spleens of Mammals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Udroiu

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Mammals present different types of spleen. In the past, attempts have been made to define characteristics for a classification of this organ, but the evolutionary process that has led to the splenic types of modern mammals has been poorly investigated. This review categorizes all mammalian spleens studied so far, synthesizing several earlier classification principles and updating them in the light of recent research. The main qualitative features are the type of circulation (closed, open or both and the nature of the venous vessels in the splenic cords (venules or sinuses. The main quantitative feature is the proportion between red and white pulp. Moreover, a phylogeny of this organ is proposed: from a ‘primitive type’ with closed circulation (characteristic of monotremes, insectivores and tree shrews, the spleen has evolved into an ‘archetypal type’ with open circulation (peculiar to mice, gerbils, bats and marsupials. It has subsequently diversified into different models: blood-storing spleens (ungulates and carnivores and defensive spleens (Old World monkeys and the majority of rodents. Riassunto Evoluzione delle milze sinusale e non-sinusale dei mammiferi I mammiferi presentano diversi tipi di milza. Nel passato, sono stati fatti dei tentativi per definire le caratteristiche utili alla classificazione di quest’organo, ma il processo evolutivo che ha portato ai tipi di milza dei mammiferi moderni è stato poco studiato. Questa review classifica tutte le milze dei mammiferi studiate finora, facendo una sintesi dei criteri di classificazione precedenti ed aggiornandoli alla luce delle più recenti ricerche. I principali caratteri qualitativi sono il tipo di circolazione (chiusa, aperta o entrambe e la natura dei vasi venosi nei cordoni splenici (venule o seni. Il principale carattere quantitativo è la proporzione tra la polpa rossa e quella bianca. Inoltre, viene

  1. Carotid stenosis, x-ray of the right artery (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the right carotid artery showing a severe narrowing (stenosis) of the internal carotid artery just past the ... artery or ulceration in the area after the stenosis in this close-up film. Note the narrowed ...

  2. Gender differences in patients with carotid stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoberock, Konstanze; Debus, Eike Sebastian; Atlihan, Gülsen; Daum, Günter; Larena-Avellaneda, Axel; Eifert, Sandra; Wipper, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    This overview analyses gender differences in prevalence, epidemiology, risk factors and therapy in patients with carotid stenosis in a systematic review. Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death in Western society, where about 20% of cases are triggered by a carotid stenosis or occlusion, which occurs more frequently in men than in women. The stroke-protective effect of carotid endarterectomy is greater in men. Men have lower peri-procedural stroke and death rates. Particularly men with carotid stenosis and a life expectancy of at least 5 years benefit from surgical treatment. Also, the recurrence rate of ipsilateral stroke 5 years after initial surgery is lower in men than in women. It is not yet fully clarified whether there are significant gender differences regarding the outcome after endovascular versus surgical treatment. Gender differences in the outcome of carotid artery repair may be caused by biological, anatomical (smaller vessel diameter in women) or hormonal differences as well as a protracted development of atherosclerotic changes in women and different plaque morphology. Moreover, women are on average older at the time of surgery and their surgical treatment is often delayed. To reduce the risk of stroke and to improve treatment outcome especially for women, further research on gender differences and their causes is mandatory and promising.

  3. [Prevention of cerebral ictus, of carotid origin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar Martín, E

    2001-01-01

    The current incidence of stroke in Europe and the USA is about 200 per 100,000 population per annum. Eighty percent of strokes are ischaemic and 20% are due to hemorrhage. Approximately half the patients with ischaemic strike have carotid artery stenosis and about one third (10% all stroke victims) have had no warning symptoms such as transient ischaemi attacks. The European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) and North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) have effectively shown that carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can prevent strokes in symptomatic patients. The benefit of operation is, at present, confined to those with at least 70% stenosis; for 30-69%, the trials have not yet reported a result. In asymptomatic patients the Veterans Administration Study and the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study (ACAS) have yielded promising results that surgery may reduce the risk of TIA and minor stroke. There is as yet no convincing evidence in asymptomatic patients that moderate or severe stroke (or death) can be prevented by CEA. The aim of this trial is to determine whether CEA and appropriate best medical treatment (BMT) can improve stroke free survival time when compared with BMT alone.

  4. Direct Carotid Exposure for Neuroendovascular Approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Dong Seong; Yilmaz, Ali; Ozkul, Ayca; Yeo, Dong Kyu; Hwang, Sun-Chul; Kim, Bum-Tae

    2016-11-01

    Objective The transfemoral approach is a common route for catheterization of the supra-aortic vessels in neuroendovascular therapy. However, in some cases, the patient's anatomy prevents transfemoral catheterization or distal access to the carotid s. In such cases, direct carotid exposure (DCE) for neuroendovascular approaches may be used to treat cerebrovascular diseases. Methods We present 11 cases in which we were unable to perform the distal approach and DCE was the preferred neuroendovascular treatment procedure. Results DCE was performed on 11 patients with cerebral aneurysm (n = 8), carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) (n = 1), malignant brain tumor (n = 1), and carotid angioplasty and stenting (n = 1). Ten patients were female; one was male. Ages ranged from 63 to 87 years (mean: 71.36 years). Coil embolization was performed on patients with cerebral aneurysm and CCF. The patient with a malignant brain tumor underwent polyvinyl alcohol particle embolization. The only complication was a carotid artery dissection that occurred in one patient during stenting. Conclusion DCE for neuroendovascular approaches can be used as an alternative for patients with tortuous vasculature access in the femoral route. In such patients, a combination of neuroendovascular treatment and surgery in a hybrid operating room with angiography is preferred. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  5. Classification of temporal bone pneumatization based on sigmoid sinus using computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, S.-J. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, M.H. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Kang-nam Gu, Do-gok Dong, 146-92, Seoul, Republic of Korea 135-720 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, J. [Department of Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, W.-S. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Kang-nam Gu, Do-gok Dong, 146-92, Seoul, Republic of Korea 135-720 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, H.-K. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Kang-nam Gu, Do-gok Dong, 146-92, Seoul, Republic of Korea 135-720 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: hoki@yuhs.ac

    2007-11-15

    Aim: To analyse several reference structures using axial computed tomography (CT) imaging of the temporal bone, which may reflect pneumatization of the entire temporal bone by statistical correlation to the actual volume of the temporal bone measured using three-dimensional reconstruction. Materials and methods: One hundred and sixteen temporal bones were studied, comprising 48 with normal findings and 68 sides showing chronic otitis media or temporal bone fracture. After measuring the volume of temporal bone air cells by the volume rendering technique using three-dimensional reconstruction images, classification of temporal bone pneumatization was performed using various reference structures on axial images to determine whether significant differences in the volume of temporal bone air cells could be found between the groups. Results: When the sigmoid sinus at the level of the malleoincudal complex was used in the classification, there were statistically significant differences between the groups that correlated with the entire volume of the temporal bone. Grouping based on the labyrinth and the ascending carotid artery showed insignificant differences in volume. Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between the cross-sectional area of the antrum and the entire volume of the temporal bone. Conclusion: The degree of pneumatization of temporal bone can be estimated easily by the evaluation of the air cells around the sigmoid sinus on axial CT images.

  6. Costs of secondary prevention of stroke by carotid endarterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hædersdal, Carsten; Sørensen, Mette; Olsen, Tom Skyhøj

    2012-01-01

    We estimated the costs to the Danish National Health Service of preventing stroke due to carotid artery stenosis by carotid endarterectomy (CEA), including costs of identifying patients, Doppler ultrasound (DUS) examination and CEA.......We estimated the costs to the Danish National Health Service of preventing stroke due to carotid artery stenosis by carotid endarterectomy (CEA), including costs of identifying patients, Doppler ultrasound (DUS) examination and CEA....

  7. Carotid plaque burden as a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, Henrik; Muntendam, Pieter; Adourian, Aram

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare carotid plaque burden, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and abdominal aortic diameter (AAD) to coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in people without known cardiovascular disease.......The purpose of this study was to compare carotid plaque burden, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and abdominal aortic diameter (AAD) to coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in people without known cardiovascular disease....

  8. Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum, Dehiscence, and Venous Sinus Stenosis: Potential Causes of Pulsatile Tinnitus in Patients with Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lansley, J A; Tucker, W; Eriksen, M R; Riordan-Eva, P; Connor, S E J

    2017-09-01

    Pulsatile tinnitus is experienced by most patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The pathophysiology remains uncertain; however, transverse sinus stenosis and sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence have been proposed as potential etiologies. We aimed to determine whether the prevalence of transverse sinus stenosis and sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence was increased in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and pulsatile tinnitus relative to those without pulsatile tinnitus and a control group. CT vascular studies of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with pulsatile tinnitus (n = 42), without pulsatile tinnitus (n = 37), and controls (n = 75) were independently reviewed for the presence of severe transverse sinus stenosis and sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence according to published criteria. The prevalence of transverse sinus stenosis and sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension with pulsatile tinnitus was compared with that in the nonpulsatile tinnitus idiopathic intracranial hypertension group and the control group. Further comparisons included differing degrees of transverse sinus stenosis (50% and 75%), laterality of transverse sinus stenosis/sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence, and ipsilateral transverse sinus stenosis combined with sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence. Severe bilateral transverse sinus stenoses were more frequent in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension than in controls (P intracranial hypertension group. Sigmoid sinus dehiscence (right- or left-sided) was also more common in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension compared with controls (P = .01), but there was no significant association with pulsatile tinnitus within the idiopathic intracranial hypertension group. While our data corroborate previous studies demonstrating increased prevalence of sigmoid sinus diverticulum/dehiscence and transverse sinus stenosis in

  9. [Surgery of the nose and paranasal sinuses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofer, M; Dacho, A; Dietz, A

    2016-01-01

    A compromised overview of surgical techniques regarding the nose (functional) and para nasal sinus inflammation surgical treatment is exposed in this article. The nasal septum is within the focus for function, form and stability for the nasal structure (especially for tip and back of the nose) and for success of a rhinoplasty. An important role play the lower nasal turbinates regulating nasal air flow and thus having a great effect after turbinate surgery (submucosal resection and lateral fracturing).The endonasal endoscopy is of utmost importance for diagnosis, therapy and detection of recurrence. In severe cases of nasal polyps, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) remains the ultimate therapy. However, the indication to operate will be carried out after exhaustion of medical treatment. The most important recurrent prophylaxis for rhino sinusitis and nasal polyps is an appropriate post operative nasal care. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. [The normative combined therapy for recurrent sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Bengang; Sun, Yiqing; Miao, Xutao; Wang, Xin; Li, Wenjun

    2014-06-01

    To assess the treatment outcome after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with recurrent sinusitis and to research which factors could influence the clinical outcome. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed in 55 patients. The clinical outcome and epithelization of mucosa after ESS were evaluated by Chinese ENT Association criteria. The total cure rate was 81.82%, effective rate was 92.73%. The mean period of epithelization after operation was 13.2 weeks. No serious complication occurred. The treatment efficacy can be greatly improved by the normative combined therapy which include the standard and orderly perioperative treatment ,the overall shape and nasalization of nasal cavity, postoperative follow-up and clearing cav ity after ESS.

  11. Miller Fisher syndrome with sinus arrest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nobuko Shiraiwa

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Dysautonomia in Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS rarely causes serious cardiovascular complications, such as sinus arrest. Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS is recognized as a variant of GBS. There have been few reports regarding the association between MFS and dysautonomia. We describe a case of a 68-year-old man with ophthalmoplegia, bulbar palsy, truncal ataxia, and areflexia. He was diagnosed with MFS because he exhibited the classical clinical triad and had elevated serum anti- GQ1b immunoglobulin G levels. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of his head was normal. His 24-hour Holter recording showed sinus arrest. He was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin, whereupon his symptoms gradually improved. This included the sinus arrest, which was considered a symptom of dysautonomia in MFS. Therefore, clinicians should be mindful of dysautonomia not only in GBS patients, but also in cases of MFS.

  12. MR-guided endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, L; Fried, M P; Jolesz, F A

    1998-08-01

    We describe an interactive, intraoperative imaging-guided method for performing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) within a vertically open MR system. The procedure was performed with intraoperative imaging using a 0.5-T magnet with a 56-cm vertical gap. Interactive control of imaging planes was accomplished by optical tracking with two infrared light-emitting diodes mounted on an aspirator probe. The probe's position defined the location of the orthogonal imaging planes. Twelve patients with varying degrees of sinus disease underwent ESS with MR imaging guidance. Patients had acute and chronic sinusitis, nasal polyposis causing airway obstruction, or tumor requiring tissue biopsy. All procedures were performed with the patients under general anesthesia. The integration of endoscopy with optical tracking and intraoperative interactive imaging allowed localization of anatomic landmarks during ESS. No complications were encountered.

  13. Allergic fungal sinusitis and eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis: diagnostic criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uri, N; Ronen, O; Marshak, T; Parpara, O; Nashashibi, M; Gruber, M

    2013-09-01

    Chronic sinusitis is one of the most common otolaryngological diagnoses. Allergic fungal sinusitis and eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis can easily be misdiagnosed and treated as chronic sinusitis, causing continuing harm. To better identify and characterise these two subgroups of patients, who may suffer from a systemic disease requiring multidisciplinary treatment and prolonged follow up. A retrospective, longitudinal study of all patients diagnosed with allergic fungal sinusitis or eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis within one otolaryngology department over a 15-year period. Thirty-four patients were identified, 26 with eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis and 8 with allergic fungal sinusitis. Orbital involvement at diagnosis was commoner in allergic fungal sinusitis patients (50 per cent) than eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis patients (7.7 per cent; p sinusitis patients. Allergic fungal sinusitis and eosinophilic mucin rhinosinusitis have the same clinical presentation but different clinical courses. The role of fungus and the ability to confirm its presence are still problematic issues, and additional studies are required.

  14. An unusual foreign body in the maxillary sinus: Dental impression ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-03-06

    12] The present report presents a case of dental impression material that passed through an oro‑antral fistula while in its plastic form, solidified inside the maxillary sinus, and caused a maxillary sinus infection. Case Report.

  15. Severe bleeding after sinus floor elevation using the transcrestal technique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Simon Storgard; Eriksen, Jacob; Schiodt, Morten

    2012-01-01

    To present a rare but clinically significant complication to sinus floor elevation (SFE) using the transcrestal technique.......To present a rare but clinically significant complication to sinus floor elevation (SFE) using the transcrestal technique....

  16. Role of carotid duplex imaging in carotid screening programmes – an overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillard Jonathan H

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stroke is the third most common cause of death in the UK and the largest single cause of severe disability. Each year more than 110,000 people in England suffer from a stroke which costs the National Health Service (NHS over GBP2.8 billion. Thus, it is imperative that patients at risk be screened for underlying carotid artery atherosclerosis. Aim To assess the role of carotid ultrasound in different carotid screening programmes. Methods A literature overview was carried out by using PubMed search engine, to identify different carotid screening programmes that had used ultrasound scan as a screening tool. Results It appears that the carotid ultrasound is an effective method for screening carotid artery disease in community as it effectively predicts the presence of stenosis with high accuracy. There is a need for primary care to recommend high risk patients for regular screening, to reduce stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA related morbidity and mortality. Conclusion Screening programmes using carotid ultrasonography contribute to public health awareness and promotion which in long term could potentially benefit in disease prevention and essentially promote better standards of healthcare.

  17. Spatiotemporal complexity of the aortic sinus vortex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Brandon; Dasi, Lakshmi Prasad

    2014-07-01

    The aortic sinus vortex is a classical flow structure of significant importance to aortic valve dynamics and the initiation and progression of calcific aortic valve disease. We characterize the spatiotemporal characteristics of aortic sinus vortex dynamics in relation to the viscosity of blood analog solution as well as heart rate. High-resolution time-resolved (2 kHz) particle image velocimetry was conducted to capture 2D particle streak videos and 2D instantaneous velocity and streamlines along the sinus midplane using a physiological but rigid aorta model fitted with a porcine bioprosthetic heart valve. Blood analog fluids used include a water-glycerin mixture and saline to elucidate the sensitivity of vortex dynamics to viscosity. Experiments were conducted to record 10 heart beats for each combination of blood analog and heart rate condition. Results show that the topological characteristics of the velocity field vary in timescales as revealed using time bin-averaged vectors and corresponding instantaneous streamlines. There exist small timescale vortices and a large timescale main vortex. A key flow structure observed is the counter vortex at the upstream end of the sinus adjacent to the base (lower half) of the leaflet. The spatiotemporal complexity of vortex dynamics is shown to be profoundly influenced by strong leaflet flutter during systole with a peak frequency of 200 Hz and peak amplitude of 4 mm observed in the saline case. While fluid viscosity influences the length and timescales as well as the introduction of leaflet flutter, heart rate influences the formation of counter vortex at the upstream end of the sinus. Higher heart rates are shown to reduce the strength of the counter vortex that can greatly influence the directionality and strength of shear stresses along the base of the leaflet. This study demonstrates the impact of heart rate and blood analog viscosity on aortic sinus hemodynamics.

  18. Diabetes Mellitus with Chronic Complications in Relation to Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Artery Stenting Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adegbala, Oluwole; Martin, Kimberly D; Otuada, David; Akinyemiju, Tomi

    2017-01-01

    Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting are effective treatment procedures for carotid artery stenosis. Although diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent among patients undergoing these revascularization procedures, few studies have examined their impact on periprocedural outcomes. The study aimed to determine whether perioperative outcomes among patients undergoing carotid artery stenting and carotid endarterectomy varied depending on the presence of diabetes with or without chronic complications. We examined adults aged 45 and above hospitalized between 2007 and 2011 in U.S. hospitals who underwent carotid artery revascularization procedures. We used data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Nationwide Inpatient Sample and evaluated the influence of diabetes with or without chronic complications on outcomes. Among patients receiving carotid artery stenting, diabetic patients with chronic complications had significantly increased odds of acute kidney injury (odds ratio [OR]: 3.17, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.31-4.35) and longer hospital stay (β: 1.98, 95% CI: 1.58-2.38) compared with nondiabetic patients. Diabetic patients with chronic complications receiving carotid endarterectomy experienced increased odds of myocardial infarction (OR: 1.12, 95% CI: .90-1.40), stroke (OR: 1.29, 95% CI: .97-1.72), perioperative infection (OR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.29-4.65), mortality (OR: 1.48, 95% CI: 1.01-2.16), and longer hospital stay (β (days): 2.05, 95% CI: 1.90-2.20) compared with nondiabetic patients. No significant increased odds of perioperative outcomes were observed among diabetic patients without chronic complications. Uncomplicated diabetes did not appear to convey a higher odds of perioperative outcomes among patients undergoing revascularization. However, the presence of diabetes with chronic complications is an important risk factor in the carotid endarterectomy category. Copyright © 2017 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier

  19. [Risk factors of rupture of internal carotid artery during surgical resection of carotid body tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y H; Wang, J S; Yao, C; Chang, G Q; Yin, H H; Li, S Q; Lü, W M; Hu, Z J; Wang, S M

    2017-06-13

    Objective: To investigate risk factors of rupture of internal carotid artery resection during carotid body tumor resection and to summarize our treatment experience. Methods: During the period from 1991 to 2016, rupture of internal carotid artery occurred in 27 patients (28 tumors) during surgical resection of carotid body tumor in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Their clinical and follow-up data were retrospectively collected and analyzed. For all patients underwent surgical resection during this period, Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors of intraoperative rupture of internal carotid artery. Results: Of these 28 tumors, there were 15 (53.6%) tumors with diameter≥5 cm and 20 (71.4%) Shamblin Ⅲ tumors. Intraoperatively, shunt was applied for 8 (28.6%) cases. Thirteen (46.4%) patients underwent ligation of external carotid artery, while 2 (7.1%) patients accepted resection of cranial nerves. Direct closure/patchplasty, autologous vessels or graft reconstruction was used in 16, 10 and 2 cases, respectively. Postoperatively, stroke occurred in 4(14.3%) cases and cranial nerve deficit in 15 (53.6%) cases. During a median length of 36 (14-125) months, cranial nerve deficit persisted in 5 cases. Follow-up radiologic examination indicated 3 (10.7%) cases of targeted vessel occlusion. However, no new-onset stroke was identified. Among all patients underwent surgical resection of carotid body tumor, female (OR=3.650, P=0.012), age≤25 years old (OR=3.710, P=0.013) and Shamblin Ⅲ tumor (OR=4.631, P=0.008) increase the risks of intraoperative carotid artery rupture. Conclusions: Shamblin Ⅲ tumor is the predictor of rupture of internal carotid artery. Intraoperative, properly increased blood pressure, intraoperative heparinization and use of shunt for those cases without well-compensated cranial collateral arteries are likely to decreasing the incidence of stroke.

  20. Risk Factors for Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, or Death Following Carotid Endarterectomy : Results from the International Carotid Stenting Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doig, D.; Turner, E. L.; Dobson, J.; Featherstone, R. L.; De Borst, G. J.; Stansby, G.; Beard, J. D.; Engelter, S. T.; Richards, T.; Brown, M. M.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is standard treatment for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis but carries a risk of stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or death. This study investigated risk factors for these procedural complications occurring within 30 days of endarterectomy in the

  1. Risk Factors For Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, or Death Following Carotid Endarterectomy: Results From the International Carotid Stenting Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doig, D.; Turner, E. L.; Dobson, J.; Featherstone, R. L.; de Borst, G. J.; Stansby, G.; Beard, J. D.; Engelter, S. T.; Richards, T.; Brown, M. M.; Algra, A.; Bamford, J.; Beard, J.; Bland, M.; Bradbury, A. W.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Collins, R.; Molyneux, A.; Naylor, R.; Warlow, C.; Ferro, J. M.; Thomas, D.; Bonati, L. H.; Coward, L.; Ederle, J.; Featherstone, R. F.; Tindall, H.; McCabe, D. J.; Wallis, A.; Brooks, M.; Chambers, B.; Chan, A.; Chu, P.; Clark, D.; Dewey, H.; Donnan, G.; Fell, G.; Hoare, M.; Molan, M.; Roberts, A.; Roberts, N.; Beiles, B.; Bladin, C.; Clifford, C.; Grigg, M.; New, G.; Bell, R.; Bower, S.; Chong, W.; Holt, M.; Saunder, A.; Than, P. G.; Gett, S.; Leggett, D.; McGahan, T.; Quinn, J.; Ray, M.; Wong, A.; Woodruff, P.; Foreman, R.; Schultz, D.; Scroop, R.; Stanley, B.; Allard, B.; Atkinson, N.; Cambell, W.; Davies, S.; Field, P.; Milne, P.; Mitchell, P.; Tress, B.; Yan, B.; Beasley, A.; Dunbabin, D.; Stary, D.; Walker, S.; Cras, P.; d'Archambeau, O.; Hendriks, J. M.; van Schil, P.; St Blasius, A. Z.; Bosiers, M.; Deloose, K.; van Buggenhout, E.; de Letter, J.; Devos, V.; Ghekiere, J.; Vanhooren, G.; Astarci, P.; Hammer, F.; Lacroix, V.; Peeters, A.; Verbist, J.; Blair, J. F.; Caron, J. L.; Daneault, N.; Giroux, M. F.; Guilbert, F.; Lanthier, S.; Lebrun, L. H.; Oliva, V.; Raymond, J.; Roy, D.; Soulez, G.; Weill, A.; Hill, M.; Hu, W.; Hudion, M.; Morrish, W.; Sutherland, G.; Wong, J.; Albäck, A.; Harno, H.; Ijäs, P.; Kaste, M.; Lepäntalo, M.; Mustanoja, S.; Paananen, T.; Porras, M.; Putaala, J.; Railo, M.; Sairanen, T.; Soinne, L.; Vehmas, A.; Vikatmaa, P.; Goertler, M.; Halloul, Z.; Skalej, M.; Brennan, P.; Kelly, C.; Leahy, A.; Moroney, J.; Thornton, J.; Koelemay, M. J.; Nederkoorn, P. J.; Reekers, J. A.; Roos, Y. B.; Koudstaal, P. J.; Pattynama, P. M.; van der Lugt, A.; van Dijk, L. C.; van Sambeek, M. R.; van Urk, H.; Verhagen, H. J.; Bruijninckx, C. M.; de Bruijn, S. F.; Keunen, R.; Knippenberg, B.; Mosch, A.; Treurniet, F.; van Dijk, L.; van Overhagen, H.; Wever, J.; de Beer, F. C.; van den Berg, J. S.; van Hasselt, B. A.; Zeilstra, D. J.; Boiten, J.; van Otterloo, J. C.; de Vries, A. C.; Lycklama a Nijeholt, G. J.; van der Kallen, B. F.; Blankensteijn, J. D.; de Leeuw, F. E.; Kool, L. J.; van der Vliet, J. A.; de Kort, G. A.; Kapelle, L. J.; Lo, T. H.; Mali, W. P.; Moll, F.; van der Worp, H. B.; Verhagen, H.; Barber, P. A.; Bourchier, R.; Hill, A.; Holden, A.; Stewart, J.; Bakke, S. J.; Krohg-Sørensen, K.; Skjelland, M.; Tennøe, B.; Bialek, P.; Biejat, Z.; Czepiel, W.; Czlonkowska, A.; Dowzenko, A.; Jedrzejewska, J.; Kobayashi, A.; Lelek, M.; Polanski, J.; Kirbis, J.; Milosevic, Z.; Zvan, B.; Blasco, J.; Chamorro, A.; Macho, J.; Obach, V.; Riambau, V.; San Roman, L.; Branera, J.; Canovas, D.; Estela, J.; Gaibar, A. G.; Perendreu, J.; Björses, K.; Gottsater, A.; Ivancev, K.; Maetzsch, T.; Sonesson, B.; Berg, B.; Delle, M.; Formgren, J.; Gillgren, P.; Kall, T. B.; Konrad, P.; Nyman, N.; Takolander, R.; Andersson, T.; Malmstedt, J.; Soderman, M.; Wahlgren, C.; Wahlgren, N.; Binaghi, S.; Hirt, L.; Michel, P.; Ruchat, P.; Fluri, F.; Guerke, L.; Jacob, A. L.; Kirsch, E.; Lyrer, P. A.; Radue, E. W.; Stierli, P.; Wasner, M.; Wetzel, S.; Bonvin, C.; Kalangos, A.; Lovblad, K.; Murith, M.; Ruefenacht, D.; Sztajzel, R.; Higgins, N.; Kirkpatrick, P. J.; Martin, P.; Varty, K.; Adam, D.; Bell, J.; Crowe, P.; Gannon, M.; Henderson, M. J.; Sandler, D.; Shinton, R. A.; Scriven, J. M.; Wilmink, T.; D'Souza, S.; Egun, A.; Guta, R.; Punekar, S.; Seriki, D. M.; Thomson, G.; Brennan, J. A.; Enevoldson, T. P.; Gilling-Smith, G.; Gould, D. A.; Harris, P. L.; McWilliams, R. G.; Nahser, H. C.; White, R.; Prakash, K. G.; Serracino-Inglott, F.; Subramanian, G.; Symth, J. V.; Walker, M. G.; Clarke, M.; Davis, M.; Dixit, S. A.; Dorman, P.; Dyker, A.; Ford, G.; Golkar, A.; Jackson, R.; Jayakrishnan, V.; Lambert, D.; Lees, T.; Louw, S.; Macdonald, S.; Mendelow, A. D.; Rodgers, H.; Rose, J.; Wyatt, M.; Baker, T.; Baldwin, N.; Jones, L.; Mitchell, D.; Munro, E.; Thornton, M.; Baker, D.; Davis, N.; Hamilton, G.; McCabe, D.; Platts, A.; Tibballs, J.; Cleveland, T.; Dodd, D.; Lonsdale, R.; Nair, R.; Nassef, A.; Nawaz, S.; Venables, G.; Belli, A.; Cloud, G.; Halliday, A.; Markus, H.; McFarland, R.; Morgan, R.; Pereira, A.; Thompson, A.; Chataway, J.; Cheshire, N.; Gibbs, R.; Hammady, M.; Jenkins, M.; Malik, I.; Wolfe, J.; Adiseshiah, M.; Bishop, C.; Brew, S.; Brookes, J.; Jäger, R.; Kitchen, N.; Ashleigh, R.; Butterfield, S.; Gamble, G. E.; McCollum, C.; Nasim, A.; O'Neill, P.; Edwards, R. D.; Lees, K. R.; MacKay, A. J.; Moss, J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is standard treatment for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis but carries a risk of stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), or death. This study investigated risk factors for these procedural complications occurring within 30 days of endarterectomy in the

  2. Apolipoprotein E and carotid artery atherosclerosis - The Rotterdam study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slooter, AJC; Bots, ML; Havekes, LM; del Sol, AI; Cruts, M; Grobbee, DE; Hofman, A; Van Broeckhoven, C; Witteman, JCM; van Duijn, CM

    Background and Purpose-Carotid artery atherosclerosis is a strong predictor for future stroke. It is yet unclear whether the apolipoprotein E polymorphism (APOE) is related to atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of APOE in carotid artery

  3. Endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting : the quest continues part two

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkert, Joe L.; Meerwaldt, Robbert; Geelkerken, Robert H.; Zeebregts, Clark J.

    BACKGROUND: Although randomized trials on carotid artery stenting (CAS) could not establish its equivalence to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with symptomatic carotid disease, CAS is rapidly evolving. Data on long-term outcome after CAS from randomized trials have now become available and

  4. Endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting : the quest continues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Vaart, Michiel G.; Meerwaldt, Robbert; Reijnen, Michel M. P. J.; Tio, Rene A.; Zeebregts, Clark J.

    Background: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is still considered the "gold-standard" of the treatment of patients with significant carotid stenosis and has proven its value during past decades. However, endovascular techniques have recently been evolving. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is challenging CEA

  5. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting for carotid bifurcation stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    Carotid Endartectomy (CEA) has been proven to benefit patients with carotid bifurcation stenosis. For patients unfit for this therapy an alternative has been developed, namely Carotid Angioplasty and Stenting (CAS). No anesthesia or neck dissection is necessary in this procedure. In this thesis

  6. Interobserver agreement for 10% categories of angiographic carotid stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.W.J. Dippel (Diederik); P.J. Koudstaal (Peter Jan); F. van Kooten (Fop); S.L.M. Bakker (Stef)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the reliability of the assessment of severe 70% to 99% carotid stenosis by carotid angiography has been proven excellent, this may not necessarily be the case for a more detailed classification of carotid stenoses by 10% categories. METHODS: Angiograms

  7. Evolution of the paranasal sinuses' anatomy through the ages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavrodi, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    Previously, anatomists considered paranasal sinuses as a mysterious region of the human skull. Historically, paranasal sinuses were first identified by ancient Egyptians and later, by Greek physicians. After a long period of no remarkable improvement in the understanding of anatomy during the Middle Ages, anatomists of the Renaissance period-Leonardo da Vinci and Vesalius-made their own contribution. Nathaniel Highmore's name is also associated with the anatomy of paranasal sinuses as he was first to describe the maxillary sinus. PMID:24386595

  8. Incidental sinusitis in a pediatric intensive care unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Brooke M.; Kurachek, Stephen C.; Blumberg, Karen; Laguna, Theresa A.; Liu, Meixia; Olson, Erin E.

    2013-01-01

    Objective Intubation is a risk factor for nosocomial sinusitis in adult intensive care patients. Sinusitis in intubated adults can be an occult cause of fever. In children nasal intubation may be associated with a greater risk of sinusitis. No pediatric study has determined the incidence of nosocomial sinusitis in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) setting. We hypothesized that within a subset of patients who had head CT imaging: (1) the incidence of sinusitis in PICU patients exceeds the incidence in non-PICU patients; (2) the incidence of sinusitis is greater in PICU patients with a tube (nasotracheal, nasogastric, orotracheal, or orogastric); and (3) nasal tubes confer an increased risk for sinusitis compared to oral tubes. Design Retrospective chart review Setting Independent not-for-profit pediatric healthcare system Patients PICU and non-PICU (inpatients hospitalized on medical-surgical wards) patients referred for head CT Interventions None Measurements and Main Results CT images were evaluated for the presence of a tube and sinusitis. Images were scored using the Lund-MacKay (LM) staging system. Sinusitis was defined as a LM score >3.5. 596 patients were studied; 395 (66.3%) PICU. 197 (50%) PICU versus 69 (34.3%) non-PICU patients had sinusitis (p sinusitis versus 88/248 (35.9%) of those without a tube present (p sinusitis based on tube location (p=0.218). Younger age or the presence of a tube increased the probability of sinusitis (p sinus disease had evidence of sinusitis. This finding raises the concern that sinusitis in PICU patients is common and likely should be considered in the differential diagnosis of fever in PICU patients. PMID:21283043

  9. Mechanisms in adverse reactions to food. The sinuses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, A

    1995-01-01

    Food allergy is an extremely rare cause of chronic sinusitis. Mucosal inflammation in chronic sinusitis is rarely caused by allergic reactions to foods but rather viral infections in the upper respiratory tract.......Food allergy is an extremely rare cause of chronic sinusitis. Mucosal inflammation in chronic sinusitis is rarely caused by allergic reactions to foods but rather viral infections in the upper respiratory tract....

  10. The imaging of conditions affecting the cavernous sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, Y., E-mail: yenzhitang@doctors.net.u [Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street London NW32QG (United Kingdom); Booth, T.; Steward, M.; Solbach, T.; Wilhelm, T. [Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street London NW32QG (United Kingdom)

    2010-11-15

    The cavernous sinus can be affected by a wide range of conditions including tumours, infection, inflammation, and trauma. Disease in the cavernous sinus can produce characteristic signs and symptoms, which relate to the numerous crucial structures traversing and surrounding the cavernous sinus. Imaging, with the use of different techniques, plays a crucial role in diagnosis and management. The anatomy and imaging of the different disease entities in the cavernous sinus will be reviewed.

  11. General principles of carotid Doppler ultrasonography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whal Lee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Carotid Doppler ultrasonography is a popular tool for evaluating atherosclerosis of the carotid artery. Its two-dimensional gray scale can be used for measuring the intima-media thickness, which is very good biomarker for atherosclerosis and can aid in plaque characterization. The plaque morphology is related to the risk of stroke. The ulceration of plaque is also known as one of the strong predictors of future embolic event risk. Color Doppler ultrasonography and pulse Doppler ultrasonography have been used for detecting carotid artery stenosis. Doppler ultrasonography has unique physical properties. The operator should be familiar with the physics and other parameters of Doppler ultrasonography to perform optimal Doppler ultrasonography studies.

  12. Thoracic sinuses in HIV a diagnostic dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pai V

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A male aged 57 years with multiple discharging sinuses on both sides of chest, multiple ulcers on the back, painful ankylosis of right shoulder since 2 months. Chest examination showed reduced expansion and decreased breath sounds on right side. Large boggy swelling on right hemithorax with multiple discharging sinuses was seen. VDRL was reactive in high dilutions and he was also ELISA - HIV positive. X-ray of chest showed few opacities in right lung field. A provisional diagnosis of Gumma - Syphilis/Tuberculous was considered. Sensorineural deafness was also present.

  13. Thoracic sinuses in HIV a diagnostic dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pai V

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available A male aged 57 years with multiple discharging sinuses on both sides of chest, multiple ulcers on the back, painful ankylosis of right shoulder since 2 months. Chest examination showed reduced expansion and decreased breath sounds on right side. Large boggy swelling on right hemithorax with multiple discharging sinuses was seen. VDRL was reactive in high dilutions and he was also ELISA - HIV positive. X-ray of chest showed few opacities in right lung field. A provisional diagnosis of Gumma - Syphilis/Tuberculous was considered. Sensorineural deafness was also present.

  14. Rhinoplasty and Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George L. Murrell

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An increasing number of patients are opting for combining sinus surgery and cosmetic rhinoplasty. The author has been performing rhinoplasty with FESS since April of 1990. The technique and equipment used in early cases is much different than that used in more recent surgeries. Specific advances include high definition monitor, intraoperative navigation system, and powered dissecting instruments. The benefits of these advances are illustrated by a review of the more recent cases performed by the author. Combined rhinoplasty and FESS can be performed with good results (functional and cosmetic and minimal complications. Advances in sinus surgery technique and equipment have made the procedure safer, faster, more precise, and more comfortable.

  15. Rhinoplasty and functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murrell, George L

    2011-01-01

    An increasing number of patients are opting for combining sinus surgery and cosmetic rhinoplasty. The author has been performing rhinoplasty with FESS since April of 1990. The technique and equipment used in early cases is much different than that used in more recent surgeries. Specific advances include high definition monitor, intraoperative navigation system, and powered dissecting instruments. The benefits of these advances are illustrated by a review of the more recent cases performed by the author. Combined rhinoplasty and FESS can be performed with good results (functional and cosmetic) and minimal complications. Advances in sinus surgery technique and equipment have made the procedure safer, faster, more precise, and more comfortable.

  16. [Anorexia with sinus bradycardia: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang-fang; Xu, Ling; Chen, Bao-xia; Cui, Ming; Zhang, Yuan

    2016-02-18

    As anorexia patients always go to the psychiatric clinic, little is concerned about the occurrence of sinus bradycardia in these patients for cardiologists and psychiatrists. The aim of this paper is to discuss the relationship between anorexia and sinus bradycardia, and the feature analysis, differential diagnosis and therapeutic principles of this type of sinus bradycardia. We report a case of sinus bradycardia in an anorexia patient with the clinical manifestations, laboratory exams, auxiliary exams, therapeutic methods, and her prognosis, who was admitted to Peking University Third Hospital recently. The patient was a 19-year-old female, who had the manifestation of anorexia. She lost obvious weight in a short time (about 15 kg in 6 months), and her body mass index was 14.8 kg/m(2). The patient felt apparent palpitation, chest depression and short breath, without dizziness, amaurosis or unconsciousness. Vitals on presentation were notable for hypotension, and bradycardia. The initial exam was significant for emaciation, but without lethargy or lower extremity edema. The electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia with her heart rate being 32 beats per minute. The laboratory work -up revealed her normal blood routine, electrolytes and liver function. But in her thyroid function test, the free thyroid (FT) hormones 3 was 0.91 ng/L (2.3-4.2 ng/L),and FT4 was 8.2 ng/L (8.9-18.0 ng/L), which were all lower; yet the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was normal 1.48 IU/mL (0.55-4.78 IU/mL). Ultrasound revealed her normal thyroid. Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight, fear of gaining weight or distorted perception of body image, and amenorrhea. Anorexia patients who lose weight apparently in short time enhance the excitability of the parasympathetic nerve, and inhibit the sympathetic nerve which lead to the appearance of sinus bradycardia, and functional abnormalities of multiple systems such as hypothyroidism. But this kind of sinus

  17. Large radicular cyst in the maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagit, Mustafa; Guler, Sabri; Tasdemir, Arzu; Akf Somdas, Mehmet

    2011-11-01

    Radicular cysts (RCs) are the most common inflammatory jaw cystic lesions that occur infected and necrotic in teeth pulps. They account for more than 50% of all odontogenic cysts. Radicular cysts cause slowly progressive painless swelling. There are no symptoms until they become large. Enucleating the cyst is recommended with primary treatment. Here we describe a patient with a large RC with maxillary sinus involvement who underwent an endonasal endoscopic approach for complete resection. In conclusion, the endonasal endoscopic approach should be kept in mind for the resection of RC with maxillary sinus involvement because of its minimally invasive characteristics.

  18. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension and transverse sinus stenoses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skyrman, Simon; Fytagoridis, Anders; Andresen, Morten

    2013-01-01

    An 18-year-old woman was diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and bilateral transverse sinus stenoses (TSS), after presenting with papilledema and decreased visual acuity. Lumbar puncture revealed an opening pressure of >60 cm H2O. MRI showed bilateral TSS believed to be asso...... was inserted since the patient had improved with CSF diversion. MRI verified reopening of the venous sinuses after shunt placement, and the patient remains asymptomatic with no signs of relapse after 3 years of follow-up....

  19. Epidemiology and definition of inappropriate sinus tachycardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellegrini, Cara N; Scheinman, Melvin M

    2016-06-01

    Inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) is a clinical syndrome lacking formal diagnostic criteria. It is generally defined as an elevated resting heart rate (HR; >90-100 bpm) with an exaggerated response to physical or emotional stress and a clearly sinus mechanism. Clinical manifestations are broad from a complete lack of symptoms to incapacitating incessant tachycardia. Now understood to be relatively prevalent, it is observed to have a generally benign prognosis, though symptoms may persist for years. Whether IST is a single discrete entity or a heterogeneous condition with overlap to other syndromes such as postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome remains a matter of debate.

  20. Hyperhomocysteinemia and recurrent carotid stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liewald Florian

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hyperhomocysteinemia has been identified as a potential risk for atherosclerotic disease in epidemiologic studies. This study investigates the impact of elevated serum homocysteine on restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA. Methods In a retrospective study, we compared fasting plasma homocysteine levels of 51 patients who developed restenosis during an eight year period after CEA with 45 patients who did not develop restenosis. Restenosis was defined as at least 50% stenosis and was assessed by applying a routine duplex scan follow up investigation. Patients with restenosis were divided into a group with early restenosis (between 3 and 18 months postoperative, a total of 39 patients and late restenosis (19 and more months; a total of 12 patients. Results The groups were controlled for age, sex, and risk factors such as diabetes, nicotine abuse, weight, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Patients with restenosis had a significant lower mean homocysteine level (9.11 μmol/L; range: 3.23 μmol/L to 26.49 μmol/L compared to patients without restenosis (11.01 μmol/L; range: 5.09 μmol/L to 23.29 μmol/L; p = 0.03. Mean homocysteine level in patients with early restenosis was 8.88 μmol/L (range: 3.23–26.49 μmol/L and 9.86 μmol/L (range 4.44–19.06 μmol/L in late restenosis (p = 0.50. Conclusion The finding suggests that high plasma homocysteine concentrations do not play a significant role in the development of restenosis following CEA.

  1. Endoscopic Management of Cavernous Carotid Surgical Complications: Evaluation of a Simulated Perfusion Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciporen, Jeremy N; Lucke-Wold, Brandon; Mendez, Gustavo; Cameron, William E; McCartney, Shirley

    2017-02-01

    Endoscopic surgical treatment of pituitary tumors, lateral invading tumors, or aneurysms requires surgeons to operate adjacent to the cavernous sinus. During these endoscopic endonasal procedures, the carotid artery is vulnerable to surgical injury at its genu. The objective of this simulation model was to evaluate trainees regarding management of a potentially life-threatening vascular injury. Cadaveric heads were prepared in accordance with the Oregon Health & Science University body donation program. An endoscopic endonasal approach was used, and a perfusion pump with a catheter was placed in the ipsilateral common carotid artery at its origin in the neck. Learners used a muscle graft to establish vascular control and were evaluated over 3 training sessions. Simulation assessment, blood loss during sessions, and performance metric data were collected for learners. Vascular control was obtained at a mean arterial pressure of 65 mm Hg using a muscle graft correctly positioned at the arteriotomy site. Learners improved over the course of training, with senior residents (n = 4) performing better across all simulation categories (situation awareness, decision making, communications and teamwork, and leadership); the largest mean difference was in communication and teamwork. Additionally, learner performance concerning blood loss improved between sessions (t = 3.667, P management that transcend this model. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Synchronous malignant vagal paraganglioma with contralateral carotid body paraganglioma treated by radiation therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devlina Chakarvarty

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Paragangliomas are rare tumors and very few cases of malignant vagal paraganglioma with synchronous carotid body paraganglioma have been reported. We report a case of a 20-year old male who presented with slow growing bilateral neck masses of eight years duration. He had symptoms of dysphagia to solids, occasional mouth breathing and hoarseness of voice. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC performed where he lived showed a sinus histiocytosis and he was administered anti-tubercular treatment for six months without any improvement in his symptoms. His physical examination revealed pulsatile, soft to firm, non-tender swellings over the anterolateral neck confined to the upper-mid jugulo-diagastric region on both sides. Direct laryngoscopy examination revealed a bulge on the posterior pharyngeal wall and another over the right lateral pharyngeal wall. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, 99mTc-labeled octreotide scan and angiography diagnosed the swellings as carotid body paraganglioma, stage III on the right side with left-sided vagal malignant paraganglioma. Surgery was ruled out as a high morbidity with additional risk to life was expected due to the highly vascular nature of the tumor. The patient was treated with radiation therapy by image guided radiation to a dose of 5040cGy in 28 fractions. At a follow-up at 16 months, the tumors have regressed bilaterally and the patient can take solids with ease.

  3. Direct carotid-cavernous fistula: A complication of, and treatment with, flow diversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amuluru, Krishna; Al-Mufti, Fawaz; Gandhi, Chirag D; Prestigiacomo, Charles J; Singh, I Paul

    2016-10-01

    Direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are rare complications of flow diversion and have typically been documented in a subacute time frame after treatment. We present the first reported case of an intraprocedural direct CCF that developed immediately after flow diversion for treatment of a symptomatic paraclinoid right internal carotid artery aneurysm with a neck involving the cavernous segment. Endovascular treatment of such direct fistulas typically involves either transarterial obliteration of the fistulous site or transvenous embolization of the cavernous sinus. Our case was successfully treated with further immediate flow diversion without additional transvenous intervention. There are few reports on the use of flow diversion for treatment of such direct CCFs, and in all but one of these cases, flow diversion was combined with concomitant transvenous embolization. Thus, the presented case is not only the first reported case of an immediate CCF after flow diversion, but it is also only the second reported case of a direct fistula to be successfully treated using solely flow diversion, without additional transvenous intervention. We review the literature of direct CCFs after flow diversion, the pathophysiology of development of CCFs after flow diversion, the literature on treatment of CCFs with flow diversion as well as all other current treatment options. © The Author(s) 2016.

  4. [Postoperative blood pressure alterations after carotid endarterectomy : Implications of different reconstruction methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celi de la Torre, J A; Skrypnik, D A; Vinogradov, R A; Böckler, D; Demirel, S

    2017-08-25

    Postoperative blood pressure alterations after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. To outline the influence of the two commonly used surgical reconstruction techniques, conventional CEA with patch plasty (C-CEA) and eversion CEA (E-CEA), as well as the innovative carotid sinus-preserving eversion CEA (SP-E-CEA) technique on postoperative hemodynamics, taking the current scientific knowledge into consideration. Assessment of the current clinical and scientific evidence on each operative technique found in the PubMed (NLM) database ranging from 1974 to 2017, excluding case reports. A total of 34 relevant papers as well as 1 meta-analysis, which scientifically dealt with the described topic were identified. The results of the studies and the meta-analysis showed that E‑CEA correlates with an impairment of local baroreceptor functions as well as with an elevated need for vasodilators in the early postoperative phase, whereas C‑CEA and SP-E-CEA seem to have a more favorable effect on the postoperative blood pressure. The CEA technique influences the postoperative blood pressure regulation, irrespective of the operative technique used. Accordingly, close blood pressure monitoring is recommended at least during the postoperative hospital stay. Further studies are mandatory to evaluate the importance of SP-E-CEA as an alternative to the classical E‑CEA.

  5. Direct traumatic carotid cavernous fistula: angiographic classification and treatment strategies. Study of 172 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Cuong Tran; Nguyen, Dang; Duc, Vo Tan; Chau, Huynh Hong; Son, Vo Tan

    2014-01-01

    We report our experience in treatment of traumatic direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) via endovascular intervention. We hereof recommend an additional classification system for type A CCF and suggest respective treatment strategies. Only type A CCF patients (Barrow's classification) would be recruited for the study. Based on the angiographic characteristics of the CCF, we classified type A CCF into three subtypes including small size, medium size and large size fistula depending on whether there was presence of the anterior carotid artery (ACA) and/or middle carotid artery (MCA). Angiograms with opacification of both ACA and MCA were categorized as small size fistula. Angiograms with opacification of either ACA or MCA were categorized as medium size fistula and those without opacification of neither ACA nor MCA were classified as large size fiatula. After the confirm angiogram, endovascular embolization would be performed impromptu using detachable balloon, coils or both. All cases were followed up for complication and effect after the embolization. A total of 172 direct traumatic CCF patients were enrolled. The small size fistula was accountant for 12.8% (22 cases), medium size 35.5% (61 cases) and large size fistula accountant for 51.7% (89 cases). The successful rate of fistula occlusion under endovascular embolization was 94% with preservation of the carotid artery in 70%. For the treatment of each subtype, a total of 21/22 cases of the small size fistulas were successfully treated using coils alone. The other single case of small fistula was defaulted. Most of the medium and large size fistulas were cured using detachable balloons. When the fistula sealing could not be obtained using detachable balloon, coils were added to affirm the embolization of the cavernous sinus via venous access. There were about 2.9% of patient experienced direct carotid artery puncture and 0.6% puncture after carotid artery cut-down exposure. About 30% of cases experienced

  6. Minimally invasive approach for lesions involving the frontal sinus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of the posterior wall of the frontal sinus and allowing the frontal lobe to rest against the anterior wall of the sinus).[1] The objective of surgery is to stop or avoid a potential CSF leak and to avoid the risk of future meningitis. The frontal sinus is usually obliterated during the osteoplastic flap procedure, separating it from the rest ...

  7. Congenital Prepubic Sinus: A Case Report | Harjai | African Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Congenital Prepubic Sinus: A Case Report. M M Harjai, R Handa, R Kale. Abstract. Congenital prepubic sinus is an exceptional disorder of uncertain origin. These sinuses may represent a variant of epispadiac duplication or dorsal urethral duplication of the urethra.We present a case of isolated blind ending prepubic ...

  8. Different types of fungal sinusitis occurring concurrently: implications for therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rupa, V; Thomas, Meera

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and histopathological features, management and outcome of a series of patients with simultaneous occurrence of invasive and non-invasive fungal sinusitis (mixed fungal sinusitis). The histopathological records of patients with fungal sinusitis seen over the last 6 years were reviewed. The clinical, histopathological, treatment and follow up details of all cases with mixed fungal sinusitis were noted. Six cases of mixed fungal sinusitis with concurrent occurrence of chronic granulomatous fungal sinusitis and allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) were seen during the study period. Most (83.3 %) had bilateral disease. All patients had undergone prior endoscopic sinus surgery at least once within the previous 2 years. Histopathological features showed predominance of invasive disease in half the patients. Except for one patient who did not report for follow up, all patients with predominant chronic granulomatous fungal sinusitis received systemic antifungal therapy and inhaled steroids. Those with predominant features of AFS received oral and inhaled steroids. Five patients with mixed fungal sinusitis who had follow up ranging from 6 months to 5 years were disease free following treatment. Mixed fungal sinusitis should be recognized by the surgeon and pathologist as a separate category of fungal sinusitis whose treatment depends on accurate histological diagnosis. A good outcome may be expected with appropriate therapy.

  9. Sinusitis associated with nasogastric intubation in 3 horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieto, Jorge E; Yamout, Sawsan; Dechant, Julie E

    2014-06-01

    Sinusitis has not been reported as a complication of long-term nasogastric intubation in horses. We describe 3 horses that developed nosocomial sinusitis following abdominal surgery with associated perioperative nasogastric intubation. Sinusitis was suspected by the presence of malodorous discharge and confirmed by percussion, upper airway endoscopy, radiographs (n = 3), and bacterial culture (n = 1).

  10. Paranasal sinusitis in the aetiology of orbital cellulitis | Ubah ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of paranasal sinusitis as a cause of orbital cellulitis and to identify the commonest sinus(es) involved in our setting. Methods: A retrospective review of the case notes of 47 patients with orbital cellulitis admitted into the ophthalmic ward of the University College ...

  11. RUPTURE OF SINUS OF VALSALVA ANEURYSM: CASE REPORT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hi-tech

    RUPTURE OF SINUS OF VALSALVA ANEURYSM: CASE REPORT. A. G. B. AMOAH, K. FRIMPONG-BOATENG and H. BADDOO. SUMMARY. Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are uncommon. Aortic sinus aneurysm may be complicated by endocarditis or rupture. A 26 year old native Ghanaian presented with dyspnoea, raised.

  12. Congenital prepubic sinus – A variant of urethral duplication

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    J.S. Aihole

    2016-08-02

    Aug 2, 2016 ... the anatomical variations of the course of the sinus tract will help in complete excision and hence avoiding ... Association. one of the variations of the dorsal urethral duplication. They usually present with discharge from the sinus. Excision of the sinus tract is ... Histology of the tract showed urothelium.

  13. Post-Traumatic Pneumocele of the Frontal Sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karadag, Demet; Calisir, Cuneyt; Adapinar, Baki [Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir (Turkmenistan)

    2008-08-15

    A pneumocele is an abnormal dilatation of a paranasal sinus, most commonly affecting the frontal sinus. Although the etiology of pneumocele is not entirely known, several causative factors have been suggested including trauma, surgery, tumor and infection. We report here a case of post-traumatic pneumocele of the frontal sinus following a head trauma.

  14. Microsurgical Clipping of an Unruptured Carotid Cave Aneurysm: 3-Dimensional Operative Video.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabani, Halima; Yousef, Sonia; Burkhardt, Jan-Karl; Gandhi, Sirin; Benet, Arnau; Lawton, Michael T

    2017-08-01

    Most aneurysms originating from the clinoidal segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are nowadays managed conservatively, treated endovascularly with coiling (with or without stenting) or flow diverters. However, microsurgical clip occlusion remains an alternative. This video demonstrates clip occlusion of an unruptured right carotid cave aneurysm measuring 7 mm in a 39-year-old woman. The patient opted for surgery because of concerns about prolonged antiplatelet use associated with endovascular therapy. After patient consent, a standard pterional craniotomy was performed followed by extradural anterior clinoidectomy. After dural opening and sylvian fissure split, a clinoidal flap was opened to enter the extradural space around the clinoidal segment. The dural ring was dissected circumferentially, freeing the medial wall of the ICA down to the sellar region and mobilizing the ICA out of its canal of the clinoidal segment. With the aneurysm neck in view, the aneurysm was clipped with a 45° angled fenestrated clip over the ICA. Indocyanine green angiography confirmed no further filling of the aneurysm and patency of the ICA. Complete aneurysm occlusion was confirmed with postoperative angiography, and the patient had no neurologic deficits (Video 1). This case demonstrates the importance of anterior clinoidectomy and thorough distal dural ring dissection for effective clipping of carotid cave aneurysms. Control of venous bleeding from the cavernous sinus with fibrin glue injection simplifies the dissection, which should minimize manipulation of the optic nerve. Knowledge of this anatomy and proficiency with these techniques is important in an era of declining open aneurysm cases. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Cardiac Baroreflex Variability and Resetting during Sustained Mild Effort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mair Zamir

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This exploratory study assessed the pattern of closed-loop baroreflex resetting using multi-logistic-curve analysis. Operating point gain and ranges of RR-interval (RRI and systolic blood pressure (SBP are derived to examine how these relate to sympathetic activation. Sustained low-intensity isometric handgrip exercise, with a period of post-exercise circulatory occlusion (PECO, provided a model to study baroreflex resetting because the progression toward fatigue at constant tension induces a continuous increase in volitional contribution to neuro-cardiovascular control. Continuous measurements of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA, blood pressure, and RRI were made simultaneously throughout the experimental session. Spontaneous sequence analysis was used to detect episodes of baroreflex “engagements”, but the results are examined with a view to the fundamental difference between experimental conditions that isolate the carotid sinus (open-loop and intact physiological conditions (closed-loop. While baroreflex function under open-loop conditions can be described in terms of a single logistic curve, intact physiologic conditions require a family of logistic curves. The results suggest that the baroreflex is in a “floating” state whereby it is continuously resetting during the timeline of the experiment but with minute-by-minute average values that mimic the less complex step-wise resetting pattern reported under open-loop conditions. Furthermore, the results indicate that baroreflex function and resetting of the operating point gain is reflected not in terms of change in the values of blood pressure or RR-interval but in terms of change in the range of values of these variables prevailing under different experimental conditions.

  16. Transnasal Marsupialization Using Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Treatment of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor in Maxillary Sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masafumi Ohki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. We report the first utilisation of transnasal marsupialization to treat a keratocystic odontogenic tumor in the maxillary sinus of a 37-year-old man. Case Report. A 37-year-old man presented with a nasal discharge and right odontalgia. Computed tomography revealed an expanding cystic lesion with a calcificated wall containing an impacted tooth in the right maxillary sinus. The diagnosis was keratocystic odontogenic tumor. Transnasal marsupialization was performed using endoscopic sinus surgery to enlarge the maxillary ostium and remove a portion of the cystic wall. Pathological findings included lining squamous epithelium and inflammation. The remaining tumor shrank, becoming free of infection after surgery, without proliferation. Conclusion. Transnasal marsupialization using endoscopic sinus surgery is effective in treating keratocystic odontogenic tumors. It offers minimal surgical invasion and reductive change, making it advantageous for complete removal with fewer complications in the bones and surrounding tissue in the case of secondary surgery.

  17. Compression of the posterior fossa venous sinuses by epidural hemorrhage simulating venous sinus thrombosis: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Sumit; Ramakrishnaiah, Raghu H.; Hegde, Shilpa V.; Glasier, Charles M. [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Pediatric Radiology, Little Rock, AR (United States)

    2016-01-15

    Posterior fossa dural venous sinus thrombus is a well-described complication of head trauma, especially when fracture crosses the dural sinus grooves or in association with epidural hemorrhage. We have found that post-traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematoma compressing a dural venous sinus can mimic dural venous thrombus. To discuss the CT and MRI findings of posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages simulating sinus thrombosis, to make radiologists aware of this important imaging pitfall. We describe radiologic findings in four children in whom a posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage mimicked dural venous sinus thrombus. Routine CT head and CT venography were obtained on Toshiba volume and helical CT scanners. MRI and MR venography were performed on a Philips scanner. In all cases there was medial displacement and compression of the posterior fossa dural venous sinuses without intraluminal thrombosis. The epidural hemorrhage was seen tracking along sinus grooves in the occipital bone, peeling the dura containing the sinuses from the calvarium and compressing the sinus, simulating thrombosis on axial CT views. Both venous sinus thrombosis and posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages in children are well-described complications of head trauma. Posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage can mimic a sinus thrombus by compressing and displacing the sinuses. It is important to recognize this pitfall because treatment of a suspected thrombus with anticoagulation can worsen epidural hemorrhage. (orig.)

  18. The history of surgical treatment for occlusive carotid artery diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ding-biao ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the history of surgical treatment for occlusive carotid artery diseases is briefly reviewed. It is emphasized that, after the results of large cohort, multicenter, randomized clinical trials, including North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET and European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST, were reported in 1991, the important role of carotid endarterectomy (CEA for the surgical treatment of carotid atherosclerosis had already been confirmed. Although it has a late start in China, CEA has a bright and promising future.

  19. Computed tomography of chronic or recurrent paranasal sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Uk; Youn, Eun Kyung; Lee, Young Rae; Kwon, Hae Su [Koryo General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1991-09-15

    Since an accurate description on the pathophysiology of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus (PNS) was established, a detailed evaluation of their anatomic and pathologic status, especially of the ostiomeatal unit, has become important, and computed tomography (CT) has increasingly been used for evaluating chronic sinusitis. This study was undertaken to assess the value of CT in chronic or recurrent paranasal sinusitis and to ascertain the theory of rhinogenic origin as the pathophysiologic basis of sinusitis. We retrospectively analyzed the PNS CT findings of 108 patients with chronic or recurrent sinusitis. The CT scan were obtained in thin-section (3mm or 5mm) coronal and axial planes after contrast medium administration. With respect to the location of the sinusitis, the anterior ethmoid sinus was involved in 98 (91%), maxillary sinus in 93 (86%), frontal sinus in 60 (56%), posterior ethmoid sinus in 35 (32%), and sphenoid sinus in 32 cases (30%). CT finding of the sinusitis consisted of sinus opacification (74%), mucoperiosteal thickening (69%), mucosal enhancement (36%), air-fluid level (18%), and bony wall thickening (11%). Complications included retention cysts (29%), mucoceles (8%), and orbital cellulitis (1%). Obstruction of the ostiomeatal unit was noted in 104 cases (96%), which were composed of inflammatory process, nasal polyps, concha bullosae, inverting papillomas, paradoxic middle turbinates, severe septal deviations, and large ethmoidal bulla. Of the 17 cases with a past history of Caldwell-Luc operation, 15 cases showed obstruction of the ostiomeatal units. We concluded the CT was a very useful modality for evaluating chronic or recurrent sinusitis and for demonstrating the finely detailed pathologic anatomy of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

  20. Multiplanar sinus CT: a systematic approach to imaging before functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Jenny K; Eastwood, James D; Tebbit, Christopher L; Glastonbury, Christine M

    2010-06-01

    The purpose of this essay is to present a systematic approach to the use of coronal, axial, and sagittal images for CT evaluation of the sinuses before functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). We present a systematic approach to the use of coronal, axial, and sagittal images in CT evaluation before FESS. Each imaging plane is valuable for displaying anatomic variants, which can predispose a patient to recurrent disease and affect the surgical approach, and critical variants, which can make surgery hazardous.

  1. Sinusitis from Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Tap Water

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-12-21

    Dr. Wellington S. Tichenor. Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College and in private practice in Manhattan, New York, discusses his investigation of sinusitis from nontuberculous mycobacteria in tap water.  Created: 12/21/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/31/2012.

  2. Osteoblastoma originating from frontoethmoidal sinus causing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cranial computed tomography (CT) showed ground glass density mass that filled left frontal sinus. It extended to frontal region and caused ground glass density changes in adjacent frontal bone causing compression effect on left frontal region [Figure 1]. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination revealed left ...

  3. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery in pediatric population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhadi M

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of 30 cases of pediatric functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS. 28 of these children had chronic sinusitis and 2 had acute sinusitis the most common chief complaints were: 1 Chronic Rhinorea 2 Nasal obstruction 3 Chronic cough. Systemic predisposing conditions were allergy in 7 pts and immotile cilliasyndrome in 2 pts, all of the procedures were performed under general anesthesia. The most common procedures were: 1 Resection of lateral part of the middle turbinate. 2 Antrostomy of the maxillary sinus. 3 Turbinoplasty of the inf turbinate. 4 Anterior erhnoidectomy, (Messerklinger, Approach. There were no kajor complication and only 3 cases of minor complication (2=regeneration of polipoid tissues, 1 synechia occurred. The duration of follow up was from 6-18 mths recovery occurred in 26 pts. Two of the pts didn't respond because of severe allergy and were referred to immunologist for further therapy 2 others didn't respond appropriately because of immotile cilliasyndrome

  4. Puerperal Superior Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis and Pulmonary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis is a rare and often misdiagnosed disorder. Its occurrence with pulmonary embolism (PE) .... and prolonged immobilization, hence, the possibility that her PE could have resulted from superior ... been forgotten and was alluded to by Diaz etal., as “a syndrome rediscovered in their report.”[20].

  5. BACTERIOLOGY OF CHRONIC SINUSITIS IN ILORIN, NIGERIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... (63.6% Coagulase positive and 36.4% Coagulase negative), cultures of patients with chronic sinusitis yielded Staphylococcus aureus (48.1%), Escherichia coli (20.4%), Klebsiella spp. (20.4%), Streptococci (7.4%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (3.7%). The isolates were 100% sensitive to Ofloxacin, while penicillin was ...

  6. Sinus surgery: optimal surgery, optimal outcome?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fokkens, Wytske J.

    2016-01-01

    Sinus surgery remains an issue of discussion. We lack data on a number of important issues. In this issue of the journal Jiang et al. show that 67 % of their patients who underwent FESS for CRS had OSAS (of which more than half moderate to severe) but only 38% complained of daytime sleepiness

  7. Actinomycosis in urachal sinus : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwak, Jin Young; Kim, Hee Jin; Ahn, Hee Jeong [Pundang CHA General Hospital, Sungnam (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-06-01

    Primary actinomycosis of the urachal remnants is rare disease, and was not reported in Korean literature. We report the fistulographic and CT findings of a case of actinomycosis in the urachal sinus of a 31 year-old-man. (author). 10 refs., 3 figs.

  8. Seizure Triggered by Sick Sinus Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Nilesh; Majeed, Faisal; Sule, Anupam Ashutosh

    2017-11-04

    Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is a dysfunction of sinoatrial node resulting in symptomatic bradycardia or sinus pauses causing decreased cardiac output with cerebral hypoperfusion and usually presents as syncope, presyncope or fatigue. The occurrence of a seizure is very rare. A 69-year-old man suffered two episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures. MRI and electroencephalogram failed to reveal the cause of seizures. In the emergency room, he experienced presyncope simultaneous to bradycardia and sinus pauses. He was stabilised with atropine and dopamine infusion and underwent definitive therapy with a permanent dual-chamber pacemaker with complete symptom resolution. Diagnostic confounders include convulsive syncope and ictal bradycardia. Syncope may be accompanied by myoclonic jerks (convulsive syncope), but postictal confusion is absent. Bradycardia may be seen during the postictal period (ictal bradycardia syndrome), but protracted sinus dysfunction is not present. Hypoperfusion due to significant SSS triggered seizures in this patient who may have an underlying predisposition. © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  9. Chronic Cutaneous Draining Sinus of Dental Origin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    or another structure. Fistulas are usually the result of injury or surgery. It can also result from ... to occur as far away from the oral cavity as the chest.[2] Its similarity of presentation to various ... Extra oral sinus of odontogenic origin occurs when the purulent by‑products of dental pulp necrosis spread along the path of least ...

  10. Lack of correlation between cholinergic-induced changes in chemosensory activity and dopamine release from the cat carotid body in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iturriaga, R; Alcayaga, J; Zapata, P

    2000-06-23

    We studied the effects of nicotine, acetylcholine (ACh) and dopamine (DA) on the frequency of chemosensory discharges (f(x)) and catecholamine (CA) efflux in the cat carotid body superfused in vitro. CA efflux was measured by changes in CA concentration (DeltaCA) determined by chronoamperometry with nafionated carbon-fiber microelectrodes inserted in the carotid body, while f(x) was recorded simultaneously from the carotid (sinus) nerve. Nicotine (10-20 microg) and ACh (>100 microg) increased f(x) in all carotid bodies (n=16), but produced a delayed DeltaCA ( approximately 0.65 microM) in only half of them. Eserine potentiated ACh-evoked increases in f(x) and CA effluxes. Nicotine and ACh-induced DeltaCA were rapidly reduced upon repeated administration. While f(x) increases evoked by low doses of nicotine or ACh were reduced or abolished by prior administration of exogenous DA (>100 microg), CA effluxes were enhanced and hastened. Thus, cholinergic-induced changes in f(x) are dissociated from CA efflux.

  11. For-Profit Hospital Status and Carotid Artery Stent Utilization in US Hospitals Performing Carotid Revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Justin V; George, Benjamin P; Kelly, Adam G; Holloway, Robert G

    2017-11-01

    Carotid artery stenting may be an economically attractive procedure for hospitals and physicians. We sought to identify the association of hospital ownership (nonprofit versus for-profit) on carotid artery stenting (CAS) versus carotid endarterectomy utilization in US hospitals. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample admissions for cerebrovascular disease from 2008 to 2011, we identified all private, nonfederal US hospitals performing at least 20 carotid revascularization procedures annually, including carotid artery stenting (International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision 00.63) or carotid endarterectomy (International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision 38.12). We used a multilevel multivariable logistic regression controlling for patient demographics, comorbidities, and hospital characteristics, to assess the effect of hospital ownership on CAS use. Across 723 hospitals (600 nonprofit, 123 for-profit), 66 731 carotid revascularization admissions were identified. Approximately 1 in 5 (n=11 641; 17.4%) revascularizations received CAS. The mean CAS rate among nonprofit hospitals was 17.5 per 100 revascularizations (median, 11.5; interquartile range, 5.2-24.5), and the mean CAS rate among for-profit hospitals was 24.2 per 100 revascularizations (median, 16.0; interquartile range, 6.7-33.3; Pprofit hospital designation was associated with greater odds of CAS (adjusted odds ratio, 1.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.98). For-profit hospital ownership is associated with a higher rate of CAS compared to nonprofit hospitals in those receiving carotid revascularization. Further research is needed to understand the individual- and system-level factors driving this difference. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  12. Combining carotid intima-media thickness with carotid plaque on screening for coronary heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wald, David S; Bestwick, Jonathan P; Morton, Geraint; Drummond, Linda; Jenkins, Nick; Khodabakhsh, Pouran; Curzen, Nick P

    2009-01-01

    Ultrasound-detected carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaque are possible screening tests for coronary heart disease (CHD) among asymptomatic individuals. To assess the increase in screening performance of combining carotid IMT and plaque compared with each measurement alone in the identification of individuals with CHD. Ultrasound examination of left and right carotid arteries was performed on 100 individuals (median age 57), 55 with a history of CHD (unstable angina or myocardial infarction) and 45 without. IMT measurements were taken from the common carotid artery and plaque was identified above, at and below the carotid bifurcation. Associations between IMT and plaque were determined using logistic regression, and screening performance was assessed from the distributions of IMT and plaque among cases and controls. At a false-positive rate of 5%, IMT (cut-off >0.75 mm) identified 30% (95% CI 14-58) of affected individuals. There was an increase in the detection rate of 8 percentage points (1-33%) using IMT and plaque combined compared with IMT alone. As the false-positive increased, the difference in the detection rate increased, up to a maximum of 20 percentage points (5-38%) at a false-positive rate of 20%. The comparison of IMT and plaque combined with plaque alone could only be estimated for the false-positive rate observed using plaque alone (18%); at this point the detection rate was 72% for plaque and 75% for plaque and IMT combined, an increase of 3 percentage points (0-4%). In screening for CHD, combining carotid IMT measurement with plaque assessment is better than using either measurement alone, but the improvement in discrimination is not sufficient to make carotid ultrasound screening for CHD worthwhile.

  13. Association of Allergic Rhinitis and Sinusitis with Childhood Asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinnakkannan, Selva Kumar; Singh, Meenu; Das, Rashmi Ranjan; Mathew, Joseph L; Saxena, Akshay Kumar

    2017-01-15

    To study the point prevalence of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis in childhood asthma and to examine the relationship among them. In 250 children (age allergic rhinitis was diagnosed by clinical plus nasal eosinophilia criteria, and sinusitis was diagnosed clinically plus confirmation by computerized tomography scan. The point prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 13.6%, and of sinusitis was 2%. On multivariate analysis, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and family history were significantly associated with asthma severity. Allergic rhinitis is common in childhood asthama, but sinusitis is rare.

  14. Intraspinal Abscess Associated with Congenital Dermal Sinus: Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Bom Yi; Jung, Won Sung; Ihn, Yon Kwon [Dept. of Radiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-05-15

    Dermal sinus tracts are remnants of incomplete neural tube closure. Dermal sinus tracts in the spine range from asymptomatic pits to tracts with significant disease. Congenital spinal dermal sinus tract can produce significant morbidity if not adequately managed. Spinal subdural abscess caused by the spread of an infection within the dermal sinus tract is rare in children. We now described a 3-year-old male who presented with extensive spinal subdural abscess resulting from dermal sinus tract that was low-lying in the sacral area.

  15. Comparative study between radiofrequency sinus excision and open excision in sacro-coccygeal pilonidal sinus disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Pravin J

    2005-01-01

    Evaluation of outcome of pilonidal sinus excision using a radiofrequency device and comparing its results with excision and open granulation procedure. Patients with sacro-coccygeal pilonidal sinus disease (n=44) were randomly assigned to undergo either a wide excision and healing by open granulation procedure [WEG] (n=23) or a radiofrequency sinus excision [RSE] (n=21). An Ellman radiofrequency generator was used for RSE. Intra- and postoperative events and outcome data were evaluated and analyzed by Student's unpaired t test and chi(2) test. The significant differences in the two groups WEG and RSE were as follows: mean hospital stay (47 vs. 10 h, p< 0.05), period off work (29 vs. 8 days, p< 0.05), mean analgesic requirement (39 vs. 15 tablets, p< 0.05), time for complete wound healing (84 vs. 49 days, p< 0.05). At the mean follow-up of 30 months, 2 patients from the wide excision and open granulation group and one patient from the radiofrequency sinus excision group developed recurrence. These findings suggest that sinus excision with radiofrequency is a simple and swift procedure. It needs a short hospital stay and is associated with less postoperative pain and early resumption to work. As compared to excision and healing by granulation technique, the radiofrequency sinus excision procedure achieves faster wound healing and a better outcome. Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Stenosis of calcified carotid artery detected on Panoramic Radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, So Yang; Oh, Won Mann; Yoon, Suk Ja; Yoon, Woong; Lee, Jae Seo; Kang, Byung Cheol [School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Palomo, Juan M. [Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland (United States)

    2009-09-15

    This study aimed to investigate the luminal stenosis of the internal carotid artery with calcification detected on panoramic radiographs. This study used fifty carotid arteries of 36 dental patients whose panoramic radiograph and computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed the presence of carotid artery calcification. A neuroradiologist interpreted CTA to determine the degree of stenosis of the internal carotid arteries. The degree of stenosis was stratified in four stages; normal (no stenosis), mild stenosis (1-49%), moderate stenosis (50-69%) and severe stenosis (70-99%). Among the fifty carotid arteries with calcification detected on both panoramic radiography and CTA, 20 carotid arteries (40%) were normal, 29 carotid arteries (18%) had mild stenosis, 1 carotid artery (2%) had moderate stenosis, and there was none with severe stenosis. Sixty percent of the carotid arteries with calcification detected on both panoramic radiography and CTA had internal luminal stenosis, and two percent had moderate stenosis. When carotid atheroma is detected on panoramic radiograph, it is possible that the dental patient has luminal stenosis of the internal carotid artery.

  17. Stroke prevention-surgical and interventional approaches to carotid stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Rajamani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Extra cranial carotid artery stenosis is an important cause of stroke, which often needs treatment with carotid revascularization. To prevent stroke recurrence, carotid endarterectomy (CEA has been well-established for several decades for symptomatic high and moderate grade stenosis. Carotid stenting is a less invasive alternative to CEA and several recent trials have compared the efficacy of the 2 procedures in patients with carotid stenosis. Carotid artery stenting has emerged as a potential mode of therapy for high surgical risk patients with symptomatic high-grade stenosis. This review focuses on the current data available that will enable the clinician to decide optimal treatment strategies for patients with carotid stenosis.

  18. Treatment of mild to moderate sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Stephen R; Montgomery, Lynda G; Williams, John W

    2012-03-26

    The National Physicians Alliance (NPA)-initiated a project titled "Promoting Good Stewardship in Clinical Practice" to develop a list of the "Top 5" activities in primary care, where changes in practice could lead simultaneously to higher quality care and better use of finite clinical resources. The treatment of acute mild to moderate sinusitis was selected for the "Top 5" list because it is a common clinical problem. Evidence supports avoiding antibiotics early in the course of the illness, and doing so could markedly reduce costs. We reviewed the results of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials published in the past 10 years comparing antibiotic treatment with placebo and summarized the evidence regarding the benefits, harms, and costs of antibiotic treatment of acute mild to moderate sinusitis. Sinusitis is one of the most common diagnoses in primary care, accounting for 20 million visits annually in the United States and 15% to 21% of annual antibiotic prescriptions. In randomized controlled trials, cure or improvement 7 to 15 days after beginning treatment was statistically significantly more common among patients assigned to antibiotics compared with placebo, but the differences were small, ranging from a 7% to 14% higher rate of improvement with antibiotics. The rate of complications and recurrence did not differ between those treated with antibiotics and placebo. Adverse effects, primarily diarrhea, were 80% more common in the antibiotic compared with the placebo groups. In addition to adverse effects, overuse of antibiotics can also harm population health by increasing rates of antibiotic resistance Antibiotics should not be prescribed for mild to moderate sinusitis within the first week of the illness. Avoiding antibiotics for acute sinusitis could reduce antibiotic adverse effects, antibiotic resistance, and the cost of health care.

  19. Enhanced Phenylephrine Contractions in Rabbit Carotid Arteries ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Carotid arteries were isolated from rabbits and cut into 2mm rings, suspended in 20ml organ baths and bubbled with 95% O2, 5% CO2 and isometric ... There were no significant differences in PE contractions following exposure to intact erythrocytes and ghosts from subjects with different Hb genotypes; however, exposure ...

  20. Haemodynamic evaluation of carotid artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillesen, H; Schroeder, T

    1989-01-01

    Cerebral ischaemia in the region of an internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis may be caused by embolism or cerebral hypoperfusion. A severe ICA stenosis may be well compensated by collateral blood supply, however, in some patients the capacity of the collateral blood supply is insufficient. Studi...

  1. Hemodynamic significance of internal carotid artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, T

    1988-01-01

    a significant improvement in baseline flow occur. Flow reserve determined by cerebral vasodilation, however, will improve in most patients with hemodynamic failure. In addition, some patients in the low-pressure group develop marked, but temporary, hyperperfusion after reconstruction of very high grade carotid...

  2. Carotid artery revascularization : Surgical and endovascular developments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borst, G.J. de

    2007-01-01

    Carotid artery revascularization. Surgical and endovascular developments. Stroke is among the most disabling chronic diseases and the third major cause of death in the Western world. In the Netherlands around 12 per 1000 inhabitants suffers a stroke, and in 2005 over 10.000 people died as a result

  3. Carotid endarterectomy for symptom-free stenosis: the patient's point of view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adar, R; Adar, R; Cohen, E; Kreitler, S

    1994-10-01

    Determining the indication for carotid endarterectomy in a given patient with a totally symptom-free internal carotid artery stenosis depends on objectively assessing the risk of non-operative versus operative treatment, as well as on the patient's attitude towards immediate versus long-term risk. In order to study patients' attitudes and preferences, four groups of subjects were asked to complete two questionnaires: the first examined people's perceived deterioration in their quality of life if they sustained a stroke of a defined severity. The second checked the attitude towards risk of operative versus non-operative treatment at different levels of an expected annual stroke rate without surgery. This preliminary study showed the feasibility of studying these subjective elements, and also pointed to problem areas in this type of research. The existence of individual as well as group differences in patients' values and preferences should be considered in the decision-making process.

  4. Recent trends in the diagnosis and treatment of sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jorissen, M. [Dept. of E.N.T., Head and Neck Surgery, Univ. Hospital Sint-Rafaeel, Leuven (Belgium)

    1996-04-01

    The almost simultaneous introduction of nasal endoscopy and CT imaging led to better understanding of normal and pathologic function of the paranasal sinuses. Diagnosis and treatment of many paranasal sius diseases improved considerably. Endoscopy and CT are not concurrential; they are complementary, but they have specific strengths and weaknesses, as well as specific indicatons and consideratons. Staging systems for chronic sinusitis are currently used based on CT findings and response to medical therapy. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has become the standard procedure for most surgical cases of chronic sinusitis. Indications for FESS have enlarged beyond chronic sinus problems and even beyond the borders of the sinuses. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery aims to gain maximal result (restoring normal function) with minimal trauma and morbidity. (orig.)

  5. INTERNAL CAROTID ENDARTERECTOMY UNDER LOCAL ANAESTHESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Šikovec

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Endarterectomy of the internal carotid artery, supported by medicamental treatment, is the best method used to prevent stroke with symptomatic patients with an over 70-percent narrowing of the ipsilateral carotid artery. With patients who have successfully passed the operation the occurrence of the stroke is less often than with non-operated patients (1% vs. 6–10% per year. Therefore, it is important that the operation is carried out as safely as possible. Currently, the average acceptable rate of death and/ or severe stroke risk stands at between 2–4%. Greatest problems faced during carotid artery surgery are embolism of the affected artery during preparation, brain ischaemia during the blockade of the carotid artery, and embolism and intimal tearing due to injury of the internal carotid artery by the temporary internal shunt. Due to the risk of causing an embolism and intimal tearing, the use of the internal shunt can be dangerous. Therefore, selective usage of the shunt is recommended when necessary due to brain ischaemia.Methods. Under block/conduction anaesthesia (deep and superficial cervical block we have performed surgery on 23 patients (16 males, 7 females because of severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery (over 70%. A mixture of Xylocain 1% and Marcain 1.5% was used for the cervical block. Cerebral blood circulation was monitored by neurological testing of the patient awake during the procedure. During the procedure, we performed standard monitoring of the vital functions including the blood pressure. Additionally, the transcranial Doppler monitoring of the blood flow through the middle cerebral artery was used with 20 of the patients.Results. Even after placing the artery clamp and cutting off the blood flow through the internal carotid artery no neurological deficits were observed with 18 patients, neither did we use temporary internal shunt with them. Five patients suffered problems with loss of consciousness

  6. Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prabhu, Sanjay P.; Robson, Caroline D. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, Boston, MA (United States); Padwa, Bonnie L. [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Boston, MA (United States); Rahbar, Reza [Children' s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston, MA (United States)

    2009-10-15

    We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up. (orig.)

  7. CAROTID ATHEROSCLEROTIC LESION IN YOUNG PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Pizova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to determine the incidence of atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid and vertebral arteries of young patients from Doppler ultrasound data and to compare the quantitatively assessed traditional risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD with severe extracranial artery atherosclerotic lesion.Subjects and methods. Doppler ultrasound was carried out evaluating structural changes in the aortic arch branches in 1563 railway transport workers less than 45 years of age. A separate sample consisted of 68 young people with carotid atherosclerotic changes, in whom traditional risk factors for CHD were studied, so were in a control group of individuals without atherosclerotic changes (n = 38.Results. Among the examinees, carotid atherosclerotic lesion was detected in 112 (7.1 % cases, the increase in the rate of atherosclerotic plaques in patients aged 35–45 years being 9.08 %; that in the rate of local intima-media thickness in those aged 31–40 years being 5.1 %. Smoking (particularly that along with hypercholesterolemia and a family history of cardiovascular diseases, obesity (along with low activity, and emotional overstrain were defined as important risk factors in the young patients. Moreover, factor analysis has shown that smoking,hypertension, and early cardiovascular pathology in the next of kin makes the greatest contribution to the development of carotid atherosclerotic lesion.Conclusion. Among the patients less than 45 years of age, carotid and vertebral artery atherosclerotic changes were found in 112 (7.1 % cases, which were more pronounced in male patients. Smoking, particularly along with hypercholesterolemia and genetic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases, was a risk factor that had the highest impact on the degree of atherosclerotic lesion in the aortic arch branches of the young patients.

  8. Automated carotid artery intima layer regional segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meiburger, Kristen M.; Molinari, Filippo; Rajendra Acharya, U.; Saba, Luca; Rodrigues, Paulo; Liboni, William; Nicolaides, Andrew; Suri, Jasjit S.

    2011-07-01

    Evaluation of the carotid artery wall is essential for the assessment of a patient's cardiovascular risk or for the diagnosis of cardiovascular pathologies. This paper presents a new, completely user-independent algorithm called carotid artery intima layer regional segmentation (CAILRS, a class of AtheroEdge™ systems), which automatically segments the intima layer of the far wall of the carotid ultrasound artery based on mean shift classification applied to the far wall. Further, the system extracts the lumen-intima and media-adventitia borders in the far wall of the carotid artery. Our new system is characterized and validated by comparing CAILRS borders with the manual tracings carried out by experts. The new technique is also benchmarked with a semi-automatic technique based on a first-order absolute moment edge operator (FOAM) and compared to our previous edge-based automated methods such as CALEX (Molinari et al 2010 J. Ultrasound Med. 29 399-418, 2010 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57 1112-24), CULEX (Delsanto et al 2007 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56 1265-74, Molinari et al 2010 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57 1112-24), CALSFOAM (Molinari et al Int. Angiol. (at press)), and CAUDLES-EF (Molinari et al J. Digit. Imaging (at press)). Our multi-institutional database consisted of 300 longitudinal B-mode carotid images. In comparison to semi-automated FOAM, CAILRS showed the IMT bias of -0.035 ± 0.186 mm while FOAM showed -0.016 ± 0.258 mm. Our IMT was slightly underestimated with respect to the ground truth IMT, but showed uniform behavior over the entire database. CAILRS outperformed all the four previous automated methods. The system's figure of merit was 95.6%, which was lower than that of the semi-automated method (98%), but higher than that of the other automated techniques.

  9. Automated carotid artery intima layer regional segmentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meiburger, Kristen M; Molinari, Filippo [Biolab, Department of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy); Acharya, U Rajendra [Department of ECE, Ngee Ann Polytechnic (Singapore); Saba, Luca [Department of Radiology, A.O.U. di Cagliari, Cagliari (Italy); Rodrigues, Paulo [Department of Computer Science, Centro Universitario da FEI, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Liboni, William [Neurology Division, Gradenigo Hospital, Torino (Italy); Nicolaides, Andrew [Vascular Screening and Diagnostic Centre, London (United Kingdom); Suri, Jasjit S, E-mail: filippo.molinari@polito.it [Fellow AIMBE, CTO, Global Biomedical Technologies Inc., CA (United States)

    2011-07-07

    Evaluation of the carotid artery wall is essential for the assessment of a patient's cardiovascular risk or for the diagnosis of cardiovascular pathologies. This paper presents a new, completely user-independent algorithm called carotid artery intima layer regional segmentation (CAILRS, a class of AtheroEdge(TM) systems), which automatically segments the intima layer of the far wall of the carotid ultrasound artery based on mean shift classification applied to the far wall. Further, the system extracts the lumen-intima and media-adventitia borders in the far wall of the carotid artery. Our new system is characterized and validated by comparing CAILRS borders with the manual tracings carried out by experts. The new technique is also benchmarked with a semi-automatic technique based on a first-order absolute moment edge operator (FOAM) and compared to our previous edge-based automated methods such as CALEX (Molinari et al 2010 J. Ultrasound Med. 29 399-418, 2010 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57 1112-24), CULEX (Delsanto et al 2007 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56 1265-74, Molinari et al 2010 IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57 1112-24), CALSFOAM (Molinari et al Int. Angiol. (at press)), and CAUDLES-EF (Molinari et al J. Digit. Imaging (at press)). Our multi-institutional database consisted of 300 longitudinal B-mode carotid images. In comparison to semi-automated FOAM, CAILRS showed the IMT bias of -0.035 {+-} 0.186 mm while FOAM showed -0.016 {+-} 0.258 mm. Our IMT was slightly underestimated with respect to the ground truth IMT, but showed uniform behavior over the entire database. CAILRS outperformed all the four previous automated methods. The system's figure of merit was 95.6%, which was lower than that of the semi-automated method (98%), but higher than that of the other automated techniques.

  10. Immunohistochemical changes of maxillary sinus mucosa with underlying adenomatous polyposis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. M. Andreychyn

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In maxillary sinusitis pathogenesis researchers paid much attention to the role of paranasal sinuses, sinus drainage dysfunctions, mucocyliary transport system disorders in cases of damage of sinuses mucous membranes. Pathohistological, immunohistochemical and morphometric studies of mucosa were conducted. However, to evaluate the local inflammatory response in cases of chronic sinusitis and improvement of individual therapy for the patients, the immunohistochemical studies of the composition of inflammatory immunocyte infiltrates of paranasal sinus mucosa and adenoid vegetations bioptate would be reasonable. The aim of the research was to study the immunohistochemical content of immunocyte infiltrates of paranasal sinuses adenomatous polyps in biopsy samples of patients suffering from chronic sinusitis. Materials and Methods. Paranasal sinuses adenomatous polyps removed during surgery of 22 patients suffering from chronic maxillary sinusitis were studied. Immunohistochemical studies of paraffin sections of the removed polyps were performed using appropriate primary antibodies and visualization systems DAKO EnVision+ System (DAKO, Denmark. Results. During microscopic investigation of paranasal sinuses adenomatous polyps of the patients suffering from chronic sinusitis, moderate and severe immunocyte infiltration of polyp stroma sometimes with focal follicular structures was presented. Immunohistochemical investigation of the cellular composition of these infiltrates proved the presence of CD8+ T-killer cells, CD4+ T-helper cells, CD68+ macrophages as well as single plasma cells. The irregularity of these cells markers expression was determined in dependence of the severity of inflammatory cell infiltration. Conclusions. In the patients with chronic maxillary polyp sinusitis with mild and moderate immunocyte infiltration of paranasal sinus mucosa, among immune cells the CD4+ T-lymphocytes occupied the most relative area in polyp stroma, plasma

  11. Cavernous sinus syndrome: A prospective study of 73 cases at a tertiary care centre in Northern India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatkar, S; Goyal, M K; Takkar, A; Mukherjee, K K; Singh, P; Singh, R; Lal, V

    2017-04-01

    To study the clinical and etiological profile of patients with cavernous sinus syndrome (CSS) and identify factors which could determine the etiology and influence the outcome of these patients. This prospective observational study included 73 consecutive patients satisfying the criteria of CSS (i.e. involvement of any 2 of the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th cranial nerves or any one of them with radiological evidence of cavernous sinus involvement). All these patients were subjected to detailed haematological, biochemical and radiological investigations and diagnosed and treated as per guidelines. The clinical and investigational data was recorded and analysed meticulously. A definitive etiological diagnosis of CSS could be achieved in 86% of patients. Tumours, fungal infections and Tolosa Hunt syndrome (THS) were most common causes. On univariate analysis, diabetes, severe vision loss (visual acuity of <3/60 in at least one eye), and presence of nasal discharge showed a significantly positive association with a fungal CSS. Evidence of paranasal sinusitis, bone erosion and ICA (internal carotid artery) involvement on Gadolinium enhanced MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of brain were significantly associated with a fungal CSS (p=0.0001), whereas involvement of orbital apex had a negative association with a neoplastic etiology (p=0.014). On multiple logistic regression, orbital apex involvement on MRI was associated with diagnosis of THS (p=0.019, OR: 18.7; 95% CI: 1.6-217.4) while MRI evidence of paranasal sinusitis (p=0.014, OR: 45; 95% CI: 2.1-94.3) and bone erosion ((p=0.019, OR: 12.5; 95% CI: 1.5-103) correlated with diagnosis of fungal CSS. 65.2% of patients (fungal CSS- 70%) had a good prognosis at six months follow up. Most patients with CSS can be diagnosed accurately and managed properly with good outcomes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Artery Stenting in the US Medicare Population, 1999-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtman, Judith H; Jones, Michael R; Leifheit, Erica C; Sheffet, Alice J; Howard, George; Lal, Brajesh K; Howard, Virginia J; Wang, Yun; Curtis, Jeptha; Brott, Thomas G

    2017-09-19

    Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting are the leading approaches to revascularization for carotid stenosis, yet contemporary data on trends in rates and outcomes are limited. To describe US national trends in performance and outcomes of carotid endarterectomy and stenting among Medicare beneficiaries from 1999 to 2014. Serial cross-sectional analysis of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years or older from 1999 to 2014 using the Medicare Inpatient and Denominator files. Spatial mixed models adjusted for age, sex, and race were fit to calculate county-specific risk-standardized revascularization rates. Mixed models were fit to assess trends in outcomes after adjustment for demographics, comorbidities, and symptomatic status. Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting. Revascularization rates per 100 000 beneficiary-years of fee-for-service enrollment, in-hospital mortality, 30-day stroke or death, 30-day stroke, myocardial infarction, or death, 30-day all-cause mortality, and 1-year stroke. During the study, 937 111 unique patients underwent carotid endarterectomy (mean age, 75.8 years; 43% women) and 231 077 underwent carotid artery stenting (mean age, 75.4 years; 49% women). There were 81 306 patients who underwent endarterectomy in 1999 and 36 325 in 2014; national rates per 100 000 beneficiary-years decreased from 298 in 1999-2000 to 128 in 2013-2014 (P endarterectomy and from 61% to 70% among patients who underwent stenting) and the proportion of symptomatic patients (all P endarterectomy and 1.13% (95% CI, 0.71% to 1.54%) among patients who underwent stenting; an absolute decrease from 1999 to 2014 was observed for endarterectomy (1.4%; 95% CI, 1.2% to 1.5%) but not stenting (-0.1%; 95% CI, -0.5% to 0.4%). Rates for 1-year ischemic stroke decreased after endarterectomy (absolute decrease, 3.5% [95% CI, 3.2% to 3.7%]; adjusted annual decrease, 2.17% [95% CI, 2.00% to 2.34%]) and stenting (absolute decrease, 1

  13. Maxillary sinus augmentation using sinus membrane elevation without grafts - A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakshith Hegde

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Implants have a predictable outcome and are the foremost treatment modality for prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patients. Due to loss of bone after extraction and pneumatization of maxillary sinus, there is insufficient bone volume for implant placement. The direct maxillary sinus lift procedure has been performed with different grafting materials (autogenous bone grafts, alloplasts, allografts, and xenografts and without grafting material, having new bone formation around the implant. There is no evidence to prove the need for grafting material in all direct sinus lift procedures, hence the need for this review. Previous meta-analysis showed that survival rates of implants placed in grafted maxillary sinuses had similar survival rates whether autogenous, allogenous, or alloplastic grafts were used. This paper aims to review scientific data on the direct sinus elevation technique without use of any grafting material, volume of new bone formed, and also mechanism behind this technique. Articles were searched from 1997 to October 2014 in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane CENTRAL. The study eligibility criteria were (1 direct sinus lift procedure without any graft material during implant placement and (2 human or animal studies with a minimum follow-up of 6 months or more. Two authors independently scrutinized the literature and if any controversy was raised, third author's opinion was sought to arrive at a mutual consensus for including the study in the review. Due to the heterogeneity across all studies in all study designs, the data were not pooled and a meta-analysis was not performed. Taking into consideration all factors reviewed in this regard along with the outcomes, the direct sinus lift technique without grafting can be suggested as a viable treatment option keeping in mind the limitations involved. The average bone gain was seen across all studies ranging from 2.37 to 10 mm and with an implant survival rate ranging from 79

  14. Anatomical Considerations on Surgical Anatomy of the Carotid Bifurcation

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    Adamantios Michalinos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Surgical anatomy of carotid bifurcation is of unique importance for numerous medical specialties. Despite extensive research, many aspects such as precise height of carotid bifurcation, micrometric values of carotid arteries and their branches as their diameter, length, and degree of tortuosity, and variations of proximal external carotid artery branches are undetermined. Furthermore carotid bifurcation is involved in many pathologic processes, atheromatous disease being the commonest. Carotid atheromatous disease is a major predisposing factor for disabling and possibly fatal strokes with geometry of carotid bifurcation playing an important role in its natural history. Consequently detailed knowledge of various anatomic parameters is of paramount importance not only for understanding of the disease but also for design of surgical treatment, especially selection between carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting. Carotid bifurcation paragangliomas constitute unique tumors with diagnostic accuracy, treatment design, and success of operative intervention dependent on precise knowledge of anatomy. Considering those, it becomes clear that selection and application of proper surgical therapy should consider anatomical details. Further research might ameliorate available treatment options or even lead to innovative ones.

  15. Stenotic lesion level did not affect outcomes of carotid endarterectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suhara, Masamitsu; Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Akai, Atsushi; Isaji, Toshihiko; Akagi, Daisuke; Yamamoto, Kota; Miyahara, Takuya; Watanabe, Toshiaki

    2017-05-01

    Background Carotid endarterectomy is the established treatment for carotid artery stenosis, and remains the primary surgical option due to its superior outcomes compared to carotid arterial stenting. However, Japanese patients are known to have unfavorable anatomical conditions for carotid endarterectomy, with a relatively higher level of the carotid artery bifurcation than in the Western population. We investigated the outcomes of carotid endarterectomy in our institute and evaluated the procedural quality by comparing patients based on higher or lower lesion levels. Methods The clinical data of 65 patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy were collected retrospectively. The outcomes reviewed included stroke-free survival and stroke-free rate. The patients were divided into a higher group ( n = 25) and a lower group ( n = 40), based on lesion location in respect of the 2nd cervical vertebral level. Results There was no perioperative death and only one case of stroke in the higher group within 30 days after carotid endarterectomy. At 5 years after carotid endarterectomy, the stroke-free survival rates were 83.4% in the higher group and 87.8% in the lower group, while the stroke-free rates were 96.0% and 94.0%, respectively; there were no significant differences between groups. Conclusions Stenotic lesion level did not affect the outcome or procedural quality of carotid endarterectomy.

  16. Carotid stenosis: what is the high-risk population?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong Hun Park

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Prevention is the best treatment for cerebrovascular disease, which is why early diagnosis and the immediate treatment of carotid stenosis contribute significantly to reducing the incidence of stroke. Given its silent nature, 80% of stroke cases occur in asymptomatic individuals, emphasizing the importance of screening individuals with carotid stenosis and identifying high-risk groups for the disease. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the most frequent risk factors for carotid stenosis. METHODS: A transversal study was conducted in the form of a stroke prevention campaign held on three nonconsecutive Saturdays. During the sessions, carotid stenosis diagnostic procedures were performed for 500 individuals aged 60 years or older who had systemic arterial hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus and/or coronary heart disease and/or a family history of stroke. RESULTS: The prevalence of carotid stenosis in the population studied was 7.4%, and the most frequent risk factors identified were mean age of 70 years, carotid bruit, peripheral obstructive arterial disease, coronary insufficiency and smoking. Independent predictive factors of carotid stenosis include the presence of carotid bruit or peripheral obstructive heart disease and/or coronary insufficiency. CONCLUSIONS: The population with peripheral obstructive heart disease and carotid bruit should undergo routine screening for carotid stenosis.

  17. Continuous Blood Glucose Monitoring May Detect Carotid Occlusion Intolerance during Carotid Artery Stenting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiramatsu, Ryo; Furuse, Motomasa; Yagi, Ryokichi; Ohmura, Tomohisa; Ohnishi, Hiroyuki; Ikeda, Naokado; Nonoguchi, Naosuke; Kawabata, Shinji; Miyachi, Shigeru; Kuroiwa, Toshihiko

    2018-02-05

    The frequency of the occurrence of adverse events associated with carotid artery stenting (CAS) is usually low, but serious adverse events such as cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) may occur. Real-time monitoring is ideal for the early detection of adverse events during the surgical procedure. This study aimed to evaluate continuous blood glucose (BG) monitoring for the detection of adverse events during CAS. Forty patients undergoing scheduled CAS were prospectively enrolled. An artificial pancreas was used for continuous BG monitoring (once per minute), using venous blood extracted at a rate of 2 mL/hr during CAS. The primary endpoint was a correlation between BG change and adverse events. CAS was discontinued in 1 patient, and BG was not measured in 5 patients (12.5%) because of the inability to extract blood. Among 34 evaluable patients, no patient developed CHS, but 3 patients (9%) experienced carotid occlusion intolerance. During CAS, BG was significantly higher in patients with carotid occlusion intolerance (median: 5 mg/dL) than in patients without carotid occlusion intolerance (median: 0 mg/dL) (P = 0.0221). A cutoff BG value ≥4 mg/dL during CAS showed 50% sensitivity and 100% specificity for the detection of carotid occlusion intolerance. There was no significant correlation between BG change and other adverse events. BG elevation may help detect carotid occlusion intolerance although it is still unknown whether BG monitoring can detect CHS. Further studies should validate that a cutoff BG elevation value of ≥4 mg/dL during CAS indicates carotid occlusion intolerance. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Stroke/Death Rates Following Carotid Artery Stenting and Carotid Endarterectomy in Contemporary Administrative Dataset Registries: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paraskevas, K I; Kalmykov, E L; Naylor, A R

    2016-01-01

    Randomised trials have reported higher stroke/death rates after carotid artery stenting (CAS) versus carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Despite this, the 2011 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines expanded CAS indications, partly because of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial, but also because of improving outcomes in industry sponsored CAS Registries. The aim of this systematic review was: (i) to compare stroke/death rates after CAS/CEA in contemporary dataset registries, (ii) to examine whether published stroke/death rates after CAS fall within AHA thresholds, and, (iii) to see if there had been a decline (over time) in procedural risk after CAS/CEA. PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched according to the recommendations of the PRISMA statement from January 1, 2008 until February 23, 2015 for administrative dataset registries reporting outcomes after both CEA and CAS. Twenty-one registries reported outcomes involving more than 1,500,000 procedures. Stroke/death after CAS was significantly higher than after CEA in 11/21 registries (52%) involving "average risk for CEA" asymptomatic patients and in 11/18 registries (61%) involving "average risk for CEA" symptomatic patients. In another five registries, CAS was associated with higher stroke/death rates than CEA for both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, but formal statistical comparison was not reported. CAS was associated with stroke/death rates that exceeded risk thresholds recommended by the AHA in 9/21 registries (43%) involving "average risk for CEA" asymptomatic patients and in 13/18 registries (72%) involving "average risk for CEA" symptomatic patients. In 5/18 registries (28%), the procedural risk after CAS in "average risk" symptomatic patients exceeded 10%. Data from contemporary administrative dataset registries suggest that stroke/death rates following CAS remain significantly higher than after CEA and often exceed accepted AHA

  19. Osteitis and mucosal inflammation in a rabbit model of sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Carlos Augusto Correia de; Dolci, Eduardo Landini Lutaif; Silva, Leonardo da; Dolci, José Eduardo Lutaif; Campos, Carlos Alberto Herrerias de; Dolci, Ricardo Landini Lutaif

    2015-01-01

    Several experimental studies have shown osteitis after the onset of sinusitis, supporting the idea that bone involvement could participate in the dissemination and perpetuation of this inflammatory disease. However, procedures commonly performed for the induction of sinusitis, such as antrostomies, can trigger sinusitis by themselves. To evaluate osteitis in an animal model of sinusitis that does not violate the sinus directly and verify whether this is limited to the induction side, or if it affects the contralateral side. Experimental study in which sinusitis was produced by inserting an obstructing sponge into the nasal cavity of 20 rabbits. After defined intervals, the animals were euthanized and maxillary sinus samples were removed for semi-quantitative histological analysis of mucosa and bone. Signs of bone and mucosal inflammation were observed, affecting both the induction and contralateral sides. Statistical analysis showed correlation between the intensity of osteitis on both sides, but not between mucosal and bone inflammation on the same side, supporting the theory that inflammation can spread through bone structures, regardless of mucosal inflammation. This study demonstrated that in an animal model of sinusitis that does not disturb the sinus directly osteitis occurs in the affected sinus and that it also affects the contralateral side. Copyright © 2015 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  20. [The role of carbocystein in the treatment of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dąbrowski, Piotr; Leszczyńska, Małgorzata; Mielcarek-Kuchta, Daniela

    2012-09-01

    Chronic sinusitis is one of the most common presenting complaints of all doctor visits in the United States and Europe, with more than 13% of people affected in any given year. This disease has a wide range of impact on communities. Patients with recurrent or chronic sinusitis report a deteriorative sense of general health and vitality, when compared to general population. In our Department we perform about 600 functional endoscopic sinus surgeries (FESS) per year. Chronic rhinosinusitis represents a spectrum of inflammatory and infectious processes concurrently affecting the nose and paranasal sinuses. Among chronic paranasal sinusitis one must single out paranasal sinusitis with and without polyps. In the paranasal sinusitis patomechanism the blockage of natural ostium plays one of the most important roles. The closure of sinus proper ventilation passages leads to the triggering of many pathological occurrences within mucous membrane of this region. The treatment of paranasal sinusitis is diversified and involves a surgical procedure as well as anti-inflammatory and antiallergic drugs (medications) and mucolytics. Its purpose is to clear the nose through the elimination of bacterial infection, liquidating and removal of lying discharge and the restoration of the proper muco-ciliary transportation, and through this the improvement of local condition and faster recovery. In this work the usage of carboxycysteine to treat paranasal sinus conditions has been presented. Copyright © 2012 Polish Otolaryngology Society. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z.o.o. All rights reserved.

  1. Infantile maxillary sinus osteomyelitis mimicking orbital cellulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagarajan Krishnan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Periorbital soft tissue swelling may result due to primary orbital pathology or from adjacent facio-maxillary or sino-nasal inflammatory causes. Osteomyelitis of maxilla in the pediatric age group is a rare entity in this era of antibiotics. We present an 11-month-old female infant who was brought with peri-orbital selling and purulent nasal discharge. Computed Tomography showed erosions of the walls of maxillary sinus suggestive of osteomyelitis. Culture of sinus scraping showed Staphylococcus aureus growth and the child improved with intravenous cloxacillin therapy. This case is presented due to the rarity of its presentation in this age group and for awareness to consider this entity in children having fever and peri-orbital swelling.

  2. Maxillary sinusitis caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kindo A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lasiodiplodia (monotypic comprises a very small proportion of the fungal biota. It is a common plant pathogen in tropical and subtropical regions. Clinical reports on its association with onychomycosis, corneal ulcer and phaeohyphomycosis are available. However, Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fungal sinusitis has not been reported. We present here a case of fungal sinusitis in a 30-year-old woman, who came to the ENT OPD (out patient department with complaints of intermittent bleeding and nasal discharge from the left side for a week. The patient complained of headache, predominantly on the left side and heaviness on and off since two months. Diagnosis was based on radiological and mycological evidence; the patient underwent endoscopic surgery and was started on antifungal treatment.

  3. LATERAL SINUS THROMBOSIS IN OTOLOGY: A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Visavanatha

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Lateral sinus thrombosis (LST is usually occurs as a complication of middle ear infection .The involvement of lateral sinus during the course of ear infection was a well known complication in preantibiotic days .The decrease in the incidence of LST is due to the introduction of broad-spectrum antibiotics, early diagnosis and surgical treatment. Now, it is a rare complication of otitis media and poses a serious threat that warrants immediate medical and surgical treatment. The classical clinical picture is often changed by previous antibiotic therapy. An awareness of this rare potentially devastating condition and its varied presentations is necessary for early diagnosis and treatment. LST can also occur after head injury.

  4. The mold conundrum in chronic hyperplastic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebbens, Fenna A; Georgalas, Christos; Fokkens, Wytske J

    2009-03-01

    The role of fungi in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is not clear. Fungi can be detected in the nose and paranasal sinuses of virtually all CRS patients; however, they also appear to be present in healthy controls. Various theories attempt to explain the mechanisms by which fungi can exert an effect on sinus mucosa in susceptible individuals. Further studies are necessary to clarify the role of fungi in CRS, which fungal organisms (if any) are pathogenic, and what exactly characterizes the immunologic response to fungi that may result in the development of disease. However, in the absence of convincing immunologic data and evidence of clinical improvement of CRS after antifungal therapy, the case against the fungus remains unproven.

  5. Pretreatment of sinus aspirates with dithiothreitol improves yield of fungal cultures in patients with chronic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chisholm, Karen M; Getsinger, Diane; Vaughan, Winston; Hwang, Peter H; Banaei, Niaz

    2013-12-01

    Mold pathogens are a leading cause of chronic rhinosinusitis. Successful isolation of mold on culture is helpful in establishing a diagnosis and guiding therapy. Though mucolytic agents are commonly used in European countries, they are not part of everyday use in North America. In this case-control prospective study, we investigated the yield of fungal culture before and after treatment of sinus aspirates with the mucolytic agent dithiothreitol in a United States hospital. Over a 5-month period during 2011-2012, 359 sinus aspirates from 294 patients with symptoms suspicious for chronic sinusitis or allergic fungal sinusitis were collected. Aspirates were cultured on fungal medium before and after treatment with dithiothreitol. Of the 359 pairs of cultures, 62 (17.3%) demonstrated mold growth on at least 1 of the plates, 9 (14.5%) of which grew more than 1 species of mold. A total of 75 molds were identified, 41 (54.7%) of which were successfully cultured only when the mucus was pretreated with dithiothreitol (p sinus cultures after pretreatment of samples with dithiothreitol. Further studies are needed to correlate these findings with clinical outcome. © 2013 ARS-AAOA, LLC.

  6. Recovery of opthalmoplegia associated with cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas after transvenous cavernous sinus packing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lv Xianli; Jiang Chuhan; Li Youxiang; Yang Xinjian [Beijing Neurosurgical institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 6, Tiantan Xili, Chongwen, Beijing (China); Wu Zhongxue, E-mail: ttyyzjb@sina.co [Beijing Neurosurgical institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 6, Tiantan Xili, Chongwen, Beijing (China)

    2010-08-15

    Background: We report the recovery of ophthalmoplegia in 11 patients with cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) after sinus packing at follow-up. Methods: Of 18 patients with CSDAVF treated with transvenous cavernous sinus packing between August 2002 and December 2007 at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, there were 9 patients with initial CNIII or CNVI dysfunction and 2 patients with CNVI dysfunction immediately after cavernous sinus packing selected and reevaluated. Results: Of 11 patients with CNIII or CNVI palsy, recovery was complete in 10. In 1 patient, complete CNVI palsy was unchanged because the CSDAVF was not cured. There were 6 men and 5 women with a mean age of 52.9 years. In 5 patients, CNVI palsy was associated with chemosis, proptosis and pulsatile tinnitus. Timing of treatment after onset of symptoms was from 4 to 35 days in 9 patients. All CSDAVFs were Barrow type D. Mean follow-up after treatment was 17.7 months (range, 2-54 months). Conclusion: CSDAVF-induced CNIII or CNVI palsies can be cured after cavernous sinus packing transvenously in most patients.

  7. Investigation of Lunar Spinels at Sinus Aestuum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weitz, Catherine M.; Staid, Matthew I.; Gaddis, Lisa R.; Besse, Sebastian; Sunshine, Jessica M.

    2017-10-01

    Sinus Aestuum is the only known location on the Moon where orbital data have detected Fe-and/or Cr-spinel. We analyzed Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) visible to near-infrared data of the largest and strongest spinel signatures and determined that these locations always correspond to impact craters. M3 spectra show that at least three types of spinels may be present, all of which exhibit a strong and broad absorption at 2100 nm, and also one of the following: (1) a narrow 700-750 nm absorption, (2) a broad 600-900 nm absorption, or (3) both a weaker 700 nm and stronger 1000 nm absorption. All the spinel detections occur on either larger highland massifs that make up Sinus Aestuum east and west or smaller highland kīpukas and buried highlands within the mare. Almost all of the spinel signatures occur within the mapped pyroclastic dark mantle deposit (DMD). The strong correlation between spinel and DMD distribution on the highlands at Sinus Aestuum is best explained if the spinels were emplaced during the same explosive eruption(s) that deposited the pyroclastics in the Sinus Aestuum DMD. Our observations are most consistent with models of melt-rock reactions in the anorthositic lunar crust that produce contaminated (high-Al) regions within a volcanic dike or magmatic reservoir that was capable of erupting pyroclastic glass beads containing pleonaste spinel [Mg,Fe]Al2O4. Over billions of years, this surface layer of spinels and pyroclastics became heterogeneously mixed into and partially buried within the highland regolith where younger impact craters may sometimes expose it.

  8. Rhinoplasty and Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Murrell, George L.

    2011-01-01

    An increasing number of patients are opting for combining sinus surgery and cosmetic rhinoplasty. The author has been performing rhinoplasty with FESS since April of 1990. The technique and equipment used in early cases is much different than that used in more recent surgeries. Specific advances include high definition monitor, intraoperative navigation system, and powered dissecting instruments. The benefits of these advances are illustrated by a review of the more recent cases performed by...

  9. LES OSTEOMES DES SINUS DE LA FACE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    9 mai 2013 ... INTRODUCTION. L'ostéome des sinus de la face est une tumeur ostéogé- nique bénigne, rare, d'évolution lente qui reste longtemps asymptomatique. Mais son potentiel agressif est à l'origi- ne de complications neurologiques et orbitaires. On se propose à partir de ce travail de préciser le profil épidé-.

  10. Thrombophlebite du sinus caverneux revelant une tuberculose ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les auteurs rapportent une tuberculose maxillo-faciale chez un patient de 50 ans diabètique non insulino-requérrant révélée par une thrombophlébite du sinus caverneux responsable d'une exophtalmie bilatérale monstrueuse avec fonte purulente de l'oeil gauche et d'une parotidomégalie bilatérale réalisant une ...

  11. Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for detection of carotid plaque ulceration in patients with symptomatic carotid atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ten Kate, Gerrit L; van Dijk, Anouk C; van den Oord, Stijn C H; Hussain, Burhan; Verhagen, Hence J M; Sijbrands, Eric J G; van der Steen, Antonius F W; van der Lugt, Aad; Schinkel, Arend F L

    2013-07-15

    Previous data have indicated that carotid plaque ulceration is a strong predictor of cerebrovascular events. Standard ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) scans have poor diagnostic accuracy for the detection of carotid plaque ulceration. The aim of the present prospective study was to assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) scans for the detection of carotid plaque ulceration. The Institutional Ethics Committee approved the study protocol, and all patients provided informed consent. The patients had symptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery and underwent carotid computed tomographic angiography as part of their clinical evaluation. All patients underwent a CDUS examination in conjunction with CEUS. Carotid plaque ulceration was defined as the presence of ≥1 disruptions in the plaque-lumen border ≥1 × 1 mm. Carotid computed tomographic angiography was used as reference technique. The study population consisted of 20 patients (mean age 64 ± 9 years, 80% men), and 39 carotid arteries were included in the present analysis. Computed tomographic angiography demonstrated that the plaque surface was smooth in 15 (38%), irregular in 7 (18%) and ulcerated in 17 (44%) carotid arteries. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CDUS for the detection of ulceration was 29%, 73%, 54%, 46%, and 57%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CEUS for the detection of ulceration was 88%, 59%, 72%, 63%, and 87%, respectively. CEUS had superior sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy for the assessment of carotid plaque ulceration compared with CDUS. CEUS improved the intrareader and inter-reader variability for the assessment of carotid plaque ulceration compared with CDUS. In conclusion, CEUS could be an additional method for the detection of carotid plaque ulceration. The role of CDUS for the assessment of carotid

  12. CT angiography helps to differentiate acute from chronic carotid occlusion: the ''carotid ring sign''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, Patrik; Ntaios, George [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Neurology Service, Lausanne (Switzerland); Delgado, Montserrat G. [Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo (Spain); Bezerra, Daniel C. [Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, MD (United States); Meuli, Reto; Binaghi, Stefano [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Department of Radiology, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2012-02-15

    Currently, there is no reliable method to differentiate acute from chronic carotid occlusion. We propose a novel CTA-based method to differentiate acute from chronic carotid occlusions that could potentially aid clinical management of patients. We examined 72 patients with 89 spontaneously occluded extracranial internal carotids with CT angiography (CTA). All occlusions were confirmed by another imaging modality and classified as acute (imaging <1 week of presumed occlusion) orchronic (imaging >4 weeks), based on circumstantial clinical and radiological evidence. A neuroradiologist and a neurologist blinded to clinical information determined the site of occlusion on axial sections of CTA. They also looked for (a) hypodensity in the carotid artery (thrombus), (b) contrast within the carotid wall (vasa vasorum), (c) the site of the occluded carotid, and (d) the ''carotid ring sign'' (defined as presence of a and/or b). Of 89 occluded carotids, 24 were excluded because of insufficient circumstantial evidence to determine timing of occlusion, 4 because of insufficient image quality, and 3 because of subacute timing of occlusion. Among the remaining 45 acute and 13 chronic occlusions, inter-rater agreement (kappa) for the site of proximal occlusion was 0.88, 0.45 for distal occlusion, 0.78 for luminal hypodensity, 0.82 for wall contrast, and 0.90 for carotid ring sign. The carotid ring sign had 88.9% sensitivity, 69.2% specificity, and 84.5% accuracy to diagnose acute occlusion. The carotid ring sign helps to differentiate acute from chronic carotid occlusion. If further confirmed, this information may be helpful in studying ischemic symptoms and selecting treatment strategies in patients with carotid occlusions. (orig.)

  13. Carotid Endarterectomy with Routine Shunt for Patients with Contralateral Carotid Occlusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Jie; Li, Jinyong; Ye, Zhidong; Fan, Xueqiang; Wen, Jianyan; Zhang, Jianbin; Liu, Peng

    2017-10-20

    This study aimed to report the clinical features and early and long-term outcomes of patients treated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) combined with a routine shunt for carotid stenosis with the occlusion of the contralateral carotid artery (CCO), and to compare them with patients without contralateral occlusion (NO-CCO). A retrospective analysis included 301 patients who had carotid artery stenosis treated with CEA using a routine shunt. Of these patients, 35 patients and 266 patients were categorized into a CCO group and NO-CCO group, respectively. Demographics and short-term and long-term outcomes were documented and compared. The demographic characteristics were not significantly different between the two groups. The periprocedural mortality, stroke rate, and rate of periprocedural myocardial infarction were not significantly different between both groups. The mean follow-up period for long-term outcomes was 34.45 ± 22.99 months, and the Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no statistical difference between both groups regarding stroke, myocardial infarction, and mortality. CEA combined with the routine shunt is an effective and durable procedure for carotid artery stenosis patients with CCO.

  14. Carotid Endarterectomy to Remove Retained Solitaire Stent Retriever inside Carotid Stent after Mechanical Thrombectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobb, Mary In-Ping Huang; Smith, Tony P; Brown, Patrick A; Gonzalez, L Fernando; Zomorodi, Ali R

    2017-05-01

    Tandem occlusions of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) occur in up to a third of patients with acute ischemic strokes undergoing endovascular mechanical thrombectomy. Understanding open neurosurgical management of associated complications with this procedure is important. A 67-year-old man with acute onset of left hemiparesis and a tandem right ICA and MCA occlusion. He underwent carotid stent angioplasty of a stenotic ICA, followed by attempted Solitaire stent retrieval of an MCA clot. On withdrawal, the tines of the Solitaire stent lodged inside the Precise carotid stent. The patient was started on aspirin, Plavix, and heparin infusion, and underwent a carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with safe removal of the stents and primary vessel repair. This is the first case reported to date of a Solitaire stent becoming lodged inside a Precise carotid stent, salvaged by CEA with safe removal of the stents and primary vessel repair. We discuss the timing, indication, alternatives, and technical nuances of a CEA in this setting. Copyright © 2017 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Sarcoidosis of the nose and paranasal sinuses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaffrey, T V; McDonald, T J

    1983-10-01

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by non-caseating granulomatous inflammation of various organs. The records of 2319 patients with the diagnosis of sarcoidosis were reviewed to determine the incidence of nasal involvement. Seventeen patients or approximately 1% of the patients with sarcoidosis had histologically proven nasal mucosa involvement. These patients had symptoms of nasal crusting, congestion, epistaxis, pain, or anosmia. The clinical findings in these patients included friable nasal mucosa, nasal polyps, or a characteristic submucosal nodularity. Most patients also had abnormal sinus roentgenograms with either thickening of the sinus mucosa or opacification of the sinuses. Biopsy of the nasal mucosa shows typical non-caseating granulomas, but care must be exercised to exclude other causes of granulomatous inflammation of the nasal mucosa including tuberculosis, fungal infections, and other idiopathic granulomatous diseases such as Wegener's granulomatosis and Churg-Strauss syndrome. The treatment of nasal sarcoidosis has consisted of systemic steroids and in some cases topical beclomethasone dipropionate.

  16. Relationship between clinical sinusitis symptoms and sinus CT severity in pediatric post bone marrow transplant and immunocompetent patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arulrajah, Sahayini; Symons, Heather; Cahoon, Elizabeth Khaykin; Tekes, Aylin; Huisman, Thierry A. G. M.

    2014-01-01

    Since typical inflammatory responses may be diminished in children following bone marrow transplant (BMT), computed tomography (CT) imaging of the sinuses has been increasingly ordered to diagnose sinusitis in this group. The objective of this study was to determine the association between clinical sinusitis symptoms and sinus opacification on CT scans in post BMT versus immunocompetent children. Our sample was comprised of 64 post BMT and 86 immunocompetent children with sinus CT scans. CT sinus opacification was scored using the modified Lund–Mackay staging system. The relationship between clinical sinusitis symptoms (rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, cough, headache, and facial pain) and opacification was compared for the two groups. The severity of sinus opacification in the BMT group was significantly higher compared to the immunocompetent group. In combined patient groups the odds ratio (OR) for moderate/severe sinusitis was significantly elevated for rhinorrhea (OR=3.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.27–7.12), cough (OR=2.80; 95% CI, 1.22–6.42), and having either rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, or cough (OR= 4.76; 95% CI, 1.71–13.24). While the immunocompetent group had a greater number of sinusitis symptoms compared to the post BMT group, both groups had a significant increase in the severity on CT with increasing number of symptoms. Conclusion In post BMT patients, our data demonstrated higher odds of moderate/severe sinusitis on CT scans associated with rhinorrhea, cough or nasal congestion. These finding suggest that in post BMT children, detailed sinus history may still play a vital role in the diagnosis of sinusitis. PMID:21904829

  17. Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm Mimicking Peritonsillar Abscess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Brzost

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysm (EICAA is an uncommon arterial lesion. Patients typically present with neurologic symptoms resulting from impaired cerebral perfusion and compression symptoms of cranial nerves. Often EICAA presents as a pulsatile neck mass, which is otherwise asymptomatic. We present a case of an 84-year-old female, who was initially referred to the Emergency Department for Otolaryngology with suspected peritonsillar abscess. The patient had a history of recent upper airway infection and cardiovascular comorbidities, including hypertension and ischaemic stroke complicated by extensive neurologic deficits. Physical examination revealed a compact, nonpulsatile mass in the lateral parapharyngeal space and local erythema of the mucosa. Duplex Doppler Ultrasonography and Computed Tomography revealed an atherosclerotic aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery, measuring 63×55×88 mm, stretching from the skull base to the angle of the mandible.

  18. Stenting of Extracranial Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshimae, N.; Morimoto, T.; Nagata, K.

    2003-01-01

    Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate our cases of cervical internal carotid artery stenosis for safty stenting. We investigate the preoperative internal carotid artery stenosis using by integrated backscatter (IBS) method of ultra sonography, comparing with the thirty five surgical specimens as to their nature, histological structure, thickness of fibrous cap. We choose the protection method according to plaque structure, and placed Easy-Wall stent or Smart stent after prePTA. We added post PTA according to the extent of expansion and IVUS findings. Calibrated IBS = IBS value (ROI) /intinal IBS value of ‘bleeding’, ‘lipiď, ‘thrombus’, fiber, ‘hyalinization’ were -27.5, -22.5, -15.2, -11.1, +2.1. That of the thin fibrous cap were -10.9*, that of thic fibrous cap were -2.4 (*p safty stenting. PMID:20591243

  19. Current management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castilla-Guerra, L; Fernández-Moreno, M C; Serrano-Rodríguez, L

    2015-05-01

    Asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS) is a common problem in daily clinical practice, and its management is still the subject of controversy. In contrast to symptomatic carotid disease, the main studies on surgical treatment of patients with ACS have shown only a modest benefit in the primary prevention of stroke. In addition, current medical treatment has drastically decreased the risk of stroke in patients with ACS. Selecting patients amenable to endovascular treatment and determining how and when to conduct the ultrasound follow-up of these patients are issues that still need resolving. This article analyzes two new studies underway that provide evidence for better management of ACS in daily clinical practice. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna (SEMI). All rights reserved.

  20. Chronic sinusitis and woodworking as risk factors for cancer of the maxillary sinus in northeast Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, H; Hozawa, J; Saito, H; Murai, K; Hirata, H; Takasaka, T; Togawa, K; Konno, A; Kimura, Y; Kikuchi, A

    1989-01-01

    In the period 1983 to 1985, 66 patients presented to six Japanese university hospitals with squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. Using self-administered questionnaires, a case-control study was conducted to examine history of nasal diseases, occupational exposures, and other possible risk factors for this disease. For each patient, two controls were selected from the general population, matched to the patient by sex, age (+/- 5 years), and district of residence. A history of chronic sinusitis was associated with a 2.3-fold increase in risk (p = 0.05). A high relative risk was also observed in males with an occupational history of woodworking or joinery, particularly when these jobs involved sanding or lathing practices (RR = 7.5, p = 0.02). No association between cigarette smoking and maxillary sinus cancer was observed in this study and no evidence was found that indoor air pollution in the home is involved in cancer development.